These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Domestic violence and substance abuse.  

PubMed

The females and children have been the victims of family violence in most societies and cultures. The use of tobacco, alcohol and narcotic drugs are responsible in aggravating the violence. Incidences of domestic violence is significantly higher in substance abusers than others. It is equally present in countries where the status of women is high. Education level and economic status does not affect the incidence of domestic violence. Therefore we must look at other factors which perpetuate domestic violence. It is time for governments, societies and thinking people to give serious thought on how to reduce domestic violence and bring sanity into the community. Tobacco, alcohol and narcotic drugs are well on their way to the 'road of destruction' and fragmentation of social fabric. The conscience of the world needs to be roused to prevent the march of substance abuse. In the words of the Nobel laureate poet Tagore, I must say, 'into that heaven of freedom my father, let my country awake'. PMID:10075209

Bhatt, R V

1998-12-01

2

Linkage of Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is well established that substance abuse and domestic violence are linked with each other for male batterers, and there is evidence of a domestic violence-substance abuse relationship for victims as well. Substance abuse and domestic violence services ...

D. L. Spence, J. A. Snodgrass, J. J. Collins, S. C. Wheeless

1999-01-01

3

The Comparability of Male Violent Substance Abusers in Violence or Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The abuse of alcohol is strongly associated with violent behavior in general and domestic violence in particular. The present study examined the compara-bility of dual-problem (i.e., substance abuse and conjugal violence) men in substance abuse and violence treatment milieus. Thirty males in substance abuse treatment and 33 men in violence treatment were identified as being dual-problematic and were administered the

Thomas G. Brown; Thomas Caplan; Annette Werk; Peter Seraganian

1999-01-01

4

Addressing intimate partner violence in substance-abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the use of partner-involved therapies for alcoholism and drug abuse become more common in substance-abuse treatment programs, providers are more frequently encountering one of the most challenging and politically charged public health issues of our time: intimate partner violence (IPV). Recent investigations reveal 40–60% of married or cohabiting substance-abusing patients report episodes of partner aggression in the year preceding

William Fals-Stewart; Cheryl Kennedy

2005-01-01

5

Native women, violence, substance abuse and HIV risk.  

PubMed

Violence has become a critical public health issue in the United States. It has had a particularly devastating impact on the health and well being of Native American women and children. The relationship between aggression and substance use is an intrinsic one: Native women often bear the brunt of violence in drinking situations, which places them and their children at extremely high risk for physical and sexual abuse. In urban environments, many Native American women find themselves in adult relationships that mirror the abuse they experienced and witnessed as children or adolescents. Not only does violence often occur while substances are being used, but conversely, substance use is a frequent consequence of sexual abuse. Clearly, the mental health repercussions of physical or sexual abuse are often severe. Trauma is associated not only with psychological distress, but also with risky behavior and social role impairment. Traumatized women engaging in substance abuse and unsafe sex are at high risk for contracting HIV/AIDS. This article explores the intersection of substance abuse, sexual and physical abuse, and increased HIV risk among urban Native American women in the San Francisco Bay Area. PMID:16295010

Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

2005-09-01

6

Substance Abuse and Relationship Violence Among Men Court-Referred to Batterers' Intervention Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is extensive theoretical and empirical evidence linking substance abuse and marital violence. However in batterer populations, researchers have not compared hazardous and nonhazardous drinkers' substance use characteristics, marital aggression, extramarital violence (i.e., general violence), depressive symptomatology, marital satisfaction, and other relevant variables. In addition, much of the previous research on substance use and abuse in batterer populations employed a

Gregory L. Stuart; Todd M. Moore; Christopher W. Kahler; Susan E. Ramsey

2003-01-01

7

Violence against Native Women in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many mental health problems among substance abusing populations are directly linked to high rates of abuse and trauma. There is increasing evidence of associations between childhood physical and sexual abuse to adult substance use and HIV-risk behavior. The relationship of abuse, mental health problems, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual…

Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

2006-01-01

8

Violence against Native women in substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

Many mental health problems among substance abusing populations are directly linked to high rates of abuse and trauma. There is increasing evidence of associations between childhood physical and sexual abuse to adult substance use and HIV-risk behavior. The relationship of abuse, mental health problems, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual behavior has rarely been studied in the female Native American population. Significant relationships were found among childhood abuse, trauma, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual behavior among urban Native women. PMID:17602396

Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

2006-01-01

9

Prevalence of family violence in clients entering substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated 105 clients who were assessed for substance-related problems and a history of domestic violence. A brief survey on family violence examined whether clients were adult victims, childhood victims, and\\/or perpetrators of physical violence. Results indicated that 37% of the sample reported that they experienced a family history of physical violence. A total of 22% reported being

Caroline J. Easton; Suzanne Swan; Rajita Sinha

2000-01-01

10

Violence against substance-abusing South African sex workers: intersection with culture and HIV risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Republic of South Africa has become an epicentre of heterosexual HIV transmission among Black women, and the interface between violence against women, substance abuse, and HIV risk is becoming evident. This paper describes the characteristics of Black South African women who engage in sex work in Pretoria and examines their intersecting experiences of high-risk sexual behaviour, substance abuse, and

W. M. Wechsberg; W. K. Luseno; W. K. Lam

2005-01-01

11

Native Women, Violence, Substance Abuse and HIV Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violence has become a critical public health issue in the United States. It has had a particularly devastating impact on the health and well being of Native American women and children. The relationship between aggression and substance use is an intrinsic one: Native women often bear the brunt of violence in drinking situations, which places them and their children at

Karen Saylors; Nalini Daliparthy

2005-01-01

12

Predictors of expressed partner and non-partner violence among patients in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined reports of expressed partner and non-partner violence among men (n=126) and women (n=126) in the 12 months prior to substance abuse treatment. Rates of violence were 57% for partner, 53% for non-partner, and 75% collapsing across partner and non-partner relationships. Factors associated with partner and non-partner violence severity differed substantially. Partner violence was predicted by age, marital

Stephen T. Chermack; Bret E. Fuller; Frederic C. Blow

2000-01-01

13

Women in a Prenatal Care\\/Substance Abuse Treatment Program: Links Between Domestic Violence and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study examines the prevalence of violence experienced by patients enrolled in the Step by Step program, a combined prenatal care\\/substance abuse treatment program at the Wake County Health Department in North Carolina. In addition, potential associations between violence and sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and mental health are investigated. Method: All prenatal care\\/substance abuse treatment patients who met study

Sandra L. Martin; Brian Kilgallen; Deborah L. Dee; Spring Dawson; Jacquelyn Campbell

1998-01-01

14

Caregiver Substance Abuse and Children's Exposure to Violence in a Nationally Representative Child Welfare Sample  

PubMed Central

Using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II (NSCAW II), this article examines the impact of caregiver substance abuse on children’s exposure to violence in the home in a nationally representative sample of families involved with child protective services (CPS). Logistic regression analyses indicate an increased risk of witnessing mild and severe violence in the home for children whose primary caregiver was abusing alcohol or drugs. However, analyses did not find statistically significant relationships between child report of direct victimization in the home by mild or severe violence and caregiver alcohol or drug abuse. PMID:23440502

Seay, Kristen D.; Kohl, Patricia

2012-01-01

15

Violência doméstica, abuso de álcool e substâncias psicoativas Domestic violence, alcohol and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence and substance abuse are common in primary care patients. Although these problems are associated with severe physical and psychological sequelae, they are often undiagnosed. This article provides an overview of the prevalence of these problems, the health-related consequences for adults, children and elderly, as well as the challenges for clinicians in screening, assessment and referral.

Monica L Zilberman; Sheila B Blume

2005-01-01

16

Domestic violence, alcohol and substance abuse Violência doméstica, abuso de álcool e substâncias psicoativas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence and substance abuse are common in primary care patients. Although these problems are associated with severe physical and psychological sequelae, they are often undiagnosed. This article provides an overview of the prevalence of these problems, the health-related consequences for adults, children and elderly, as well as the challenges for clinicians in screening, assessment and referral.

Monica L Zilberman; Sheila B Blume

2005-01-01

17

Criminal Violence and Drug Use: An Exploratory Study among Substance Abusers in Residential Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between criminal violence and type of substance abuse among 184 current and former residents of an inpatient non-hospital drug and alcohol treatment facility. The criminal justice system functioned as the source of referral into the program for 89% of the subjects studied while only 11% came to treatment…

Workowski, Eric J.

2003-01-01

18

Substance abuse, violence, and HIV in women: a literature review of the syndemic.  

PubMed

Women in the United States are increasingly affected by HIV/AIDS. The SAVA syndemic-synergistic epidemics of substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS-is highly prevalent among impoverished urban women and potentially associated with poor HIV outcomes. A review of the existing literature found 45 articles that examine SAVA's impact on (1) HIV-associated risk-taking behaviors, (2) mental health, (3) healthcare utilization and medication adherence, and (4) the bidirectional relationship between violence and HIV status. Overall, results confirm the profound impact of violence and victimization and how it is intertwined with poor decision making, increased risk taking and negative health consequences, particularly in the context of substance abuse. Among current findings, there remain diverse and inconsistent definitions for substance abuse, violence, mental illness, adherence, and healthcare utilization that confound interpretation of data. Future studies require standardization and operationalization of definitions for these terms. Development and adaptation of evidence-based interventions that incorporate prevention of violence and management of victimization to target this vulnerable group of women and thereby promote better health outcomes are urgently needed. PMID:21668380

Meyer, Jaimie P; Springer, Sandra A; Altice, Frederick L

2011-07-01

19

Substance Abuse, Violence, and HIV in Women: A Literature Review of the Syndemic  

PubMed Central

Abstract Women in the United States are increasingly affected by HIV/AIDS. The SAVA syndemic—synergistic epidemics of substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS—is highly prevalent among impoverished urban women and potentially associated with poor HIV outcomes. A review of the existing literature found 45 articles that examine SAVA's impact on (1) HIV-associated risk-taking behaviors, (2) mental health, (3) healthcare utilization and medication adherence, and (4) the bidirectional relationship between violence and HIV status. Overall, results confirm the profound impact of violence and victimization and how it is intertwined with poor decision making, increased risk taking and negative health consequences, particularly in the context of substance abuse. Among current findings, there remain diverse and inconsistent definitions for substance abuse, violence, mental illness, adherence, and healthcare utilization that confound interpretation of data. Future studies require standardization and operationalization of definitions for these terms. Development and adaptation of evidence-based interventions that incorporate prevention of violence and management of victimization to target this vulnerable group of women and thereby promote better health outcomes are urgently needed. PMID:21668380

Springer, Sandra A.; Altice, Frederick L.

2011-01-01

20

Problem gambling and violence among community-recruited female substance abusers.  

PubMed

Problem gambling (PG) may be associated with depression, victimization, and violence characterizing a substance-abusing lifestyle. The study explored associations of PG with these correlates among heavy-drinking and drug-using out-of-treatment women recently enrolled in 2 National Institutes of Health-funded, community-based HIV prevention trials. Female substance abusers with PG (n = 180) and without PG (NPG; n = 425) were examined according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Whereas PGs had higher rates of each correlate than did NPGs, significant associations existed for antisocial personality disorder, specifically for violent tendencies. Logistic regression indicated that substance abusers with violent tendencies were about 3 times as likely as those without such tendencies to be PGs, after controlling for sociodemographics. Future research addressing whether underlying constructs, confounding variables, or interactions exist will further specify PG risk and inform prevention and intervention efforts. PMID:17563144

Cunningham-Williams, Renee M; Abdallah, Arbi Ben; Callahan, Catina; Cottler, Linda

2007-06-01

21

The comparative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) and substance abuse treatment alone: a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Research has shown that treatments that solely addressed intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration were not very effective in reducing IPV, possibly due to neglecting individual differences between IPV perpetrators. A large proportion of IPV perpetrators is diagnosed with co-occurring substance use disorders and it has been demonstrated that successful treatment of alcohol dependence among alcohol dependent IPV perpetrators also led to less IPV. The current study investigated the relative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) to cognitive behavioral treatment addressing substance use disorders including only one session addressing partner violence (CBT-SUD+) among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV. Substance use and IPV perpetration were primary outcome measures. Method Patients who entered substance abuse treatment were screened for IPV. Patients who disclosed at least 7 acts of physical IPV in the past year (N?=?52) were randomly assigned to either I-StoP or CBT-SUD+. Patients in both conditions received 16 treatment sessions. Substance use and IPV perpetration were assessed at pretreatment, halfway treatment and posttreatment in blocks of 8 weeks. Both completers and intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses were performed. Results Patients (completers and ITT) in both conditions significantly improved regarding substance use and IPV perpetration at posttreatment compared with pretreatment. There were no differences in outcome between conditions. Completers in both conditions almost fully abstained from IPV in 8 weeks before the end of treatment. Conclusions Both I-StoP and CBT-SUD+ were effective in reducing substance use and IPV perpetration among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV and self-disclosed IPV perpetration. Since it is more cost and time-effective to implement CBT-SUD+ than I-StoP, it is suggested to treat IPV perpetrators in substance abuse treatment with CBT-SUD+. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00847873 PMID:24059784

2013-01-01

22

Depressive Symptoms, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence among Pregnant Women of Diverse Ethnicities  

PubMed Central

This study examines the relationship between self-reported depressive symptoms, substance abuse and intimate partner violence among 602 African American, Hispanic, White, Asian American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander pregnant women who are clients of the Augusta Partnership for Children, Inc., a nonprofit collaborative that works with agencies, organizations, and individuals to improve the lives of children and families in Augusta-Richmond County, Georgia. Descriptive statistics and significant relationships among selected variables using correlation and regression analyses were conducted. Findings are intended to inform strategies for community-based programs better to assist women of diverse ethnicities with addressing depression, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence during their pregnancies, with the ultimate aim of improving health and mental health outcomes for women and children. PMID:22643473

Holden, Kisha B.; McKenzie, Robetta; Pruitt, Vikki; Aaron, Katrina; Hall, Stephanie

2012-01-01

23

Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: the Influence of Self-Appraisals, Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research has demonstrated connections between experiencing abuse as a child and being in a violent relationship as\\u000a an adult, the specific mechanisms through which this transmission occurs are unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify\\u000a the relationship between certain personal factors (self-appraisals and mental\\/substance use disorders) and experiencing violence\\u000a as an adult. Data from the National Comorbidity

Jason B. Whiting; Leigh Ann Simmons; Jennifer R. Havens; Douglas B. Smith; Megan Oka

2009-01-01

24

Promoting successful collaborations between domestic violence and substance abuse treatment service sectors: a review of the literature.  

PubMed

Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization are more likely to struggle with substance abuse problems than are women who do not experience IPV. Given the connection between IPV victimization and substance abuse, recommended practices urge collaboration between domestic violence service agencies and substance abuse treatment agencies to provide comprehensive services for women with these co-occurring problems. However, domestic violence and substance abuse services have unique histories of development that have led to distinct ways of service delivery. To promote successful collaborations, service providers and researchers are developing strategies to foster relationships across the two service sectors. The authors conducted a review of this emerging body of knowledge with the aim of assembling recommendations for strategies to foster collaboration between domestic violence and substance abuse services. The authors identified 15 documents for review inclusion and our analysis established 5 categories of documents. Findings yield key collaboration strategies and recommended service models. In addition, the review determined the existence of considerable challenges to promoting collaborative relationships between domestic violence and substance abuse treatment service sectors. PMID:22899704

Macy, Rebecca J; Goodbourn, Melissa

2012-10-01

25

The Safe Futures Substance Abuse and Violence Prevention Program at Chief Leschi Elementary School, 1996-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year intervention project focused on preventing substance abuse, violence, gang violence, and truancy among K-12 students at the Chief Leschi School in Tacoma, Washington, a tribally controlled, urban school for high risk and adjudicated Native youth. This paper reports the elementary school results. The Positive Reinforcement in Drug…

Guilmet, George M.; Whited, David L.

26

The Co-Occurrence of Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence: A Comparison of Dual-Problem Men in Substance Abuse Treatment and in a Court-Ordered Batterer Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse and domestic violence tend to co-occur in about half of the men seen in either substance abuse treatment or batterer intervention programs. The existence of so many dual-problem men suggests that screening for co-occurring problems should occur in all settings serving either substance abusers or batterers, but this is not the case. This study sampled 49 men in

Mark D. Thomas; Larry Bennett

2009-01-01

27

Paraprofessional Home Visitors' Perspectives on Addressing Poor Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Domestic Violence: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to understand paraprofessional home visitors' perceptions of their training in addressing poor mental health, substance abuse, and domestic violence, and their actions in working with families in addressing these issues. Five focus groups were conducted with a total of 28 paraprofessional home visitors. Three main…

Tandon, S. Darius; Mercer, Constance D.; Saylor, Elizabeth L.; Duggan, Anne K.

2008-01-01

28

Substance Abuse Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

Substance Abuse Frequently Asked Questions What is substance abuse? What are signs of substance abuse? How do ... Methamphetamine Production Prevention Act of 2008? What is substance abuse? Substance abuse is the use of a ...

29

The Sexual Victimization of Women: Substance Abuse, HIV, Prostitution, and Intimate Partner Violence as Underlying Correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sexual victimization of women has lifelong effects that can manifest in the forms of substance abuse, the human immunodeficiency virus, prostitution, intimate partner abuse, and an array of psychological disorders. An examination of the correlates of sexual assault revealed that the victims of this crime are in need of therapeutic interventions to alleviate or eradicate the symptoms associated with

Ozietta D. Taylor

2011-01-01

30

CULTURAL PHENOMENA AND THE SYNDEMIC FACTOR: SUBSTANCE ABUSE, VIOLENCE, HIV, AND DEPRESSION AMONG HISPANIC WOMEN  

PubMed Central

Researchers exploring the health of Hispanics in South Florida utilizing a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods have identified that substance abuse, violence, risky sexual behavior, and depression are not only conceptualized as tightly interrelated health and social problems, but also hold together in a measurement model to represent an underlying phenomenon (i.e., the Syndemic Factor). The purpose of this study is to test hypothesized relationships between cultural phenomena and the Syndemic Factor among community-dwelling Hispanic women. Standardized questionnaires assessing Acculturation, Hispanic Stress, Familism, and the Syndemic Factor were administered to a cross-sectional sample of 548 Hispanic women from South Florida. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze relationships. The model explained 61 percent of the variance in the Syndemic Factor. There was a large positive relationship between the Syndemic Factor and Hispanic Stress, and a small inverse relationship between the Syndemic Factor and Familism. Women with high Hispanic Acculturation and low U.S. Acculturation scored lower on the Syndemic Factor than Integrated/Bicultural women. Familism buffered the relationship between Hispanic Stress and the Syndemic Factor. Structural, community, family, and individual prevention strategies that address underlying conditions associated with the Syndemic Factor must be developed and formally evaluated. PMID:24575326

Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa M.; McCabe, Brian E.; Vermeesch, Amber L.; Cianelli, Rosina; Florom-Smith, Aubrey L.; Peragallo, Nilda

2014-01-01

31

Traumatic Stress Substance Abuse  

E-print Network

Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse H E L P I N G Y O U R T E E N C O P E W I T H Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse #12;What is a traumatic event? A traumatic of traumatic stress and substance abuse. You'll find information about why these problems often occur simultane

Finzi, Adrien

32

Parenting of Men with Co-Occurring Intimate Partner Violence and Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

Objective No studies to date have compared parenting behaviors of men with co-occurring intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance abuse (SA) with community controls. This study was designed to document mediators of differences in parenting behavior of fathers and the emotional-behavioral problems of their children for men with co-occurring SA and IPV. Method The self-reported parenting (negative, positive and co-parenting behaviors) and the child emotional-behavioral problems of 43 fathers with children aged 2 to 6 years with a recent history of SA + IPV were compared to a sample of 43 community control fathers with the same socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. Fathers completed measures on their parenting behavior with a target child, co-parenting behavior with the child’s mother, emotion regulation, romantic attachment, psychiatric symptoms, and the behavior of the target child. Results Men with co-occurring SA + IPV had significantly less positive co-parenting and more negative parenting behaviors than community control fathers. Negative parenting and co-parenting were mediated by the fathers’ avoidant attachment problems. SA + IPV fathers also reported more emotional and behavioral problems in their children. These poor child outcome differences between groups were mediated by the negative parenting behaviors of the fathers. Conclusions These results suggest areas of potential focus in interventions with fathers who have co-occurring SA + IPV issues. Focus on attachment difficulties with his co-parent, which may include affect regulation, coping with emotions, and communication skills training related to co-parenting, may yield significant changes in parenting behaviors and ultimately child functioning. PMID:23422845

Stover, Carla Smith; Easton, Caroline; McMahon, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

33

Violence, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse in Patients Who Are Seen in Primary Care Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To explore the associations among having feelings of anger, being the perpetrator or victim of vio- lent acts, having symptoms of psychiatric distress, and being substance abusers in patients who were seen in pri- mary care settings. Design and Setting: A brief self-administered ques- tionnaire was completed by adults who were attending ambulatory clinics of a community hospital and

Grace Wyshak; Geoffrey A. Modest

2010-01-01

34

The incidence and characteristics of violent men in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linkage between marital violence and substance abuse has been noted in men seeking treatment for substance-use disorders. The present study examined (1) the incidence of family violence in men admitted into substance abuse treatment; (2) the psychosocial characteristics associated with marital violence; and (3) the comparability of violent substance abusers to their treatment cohorts. Fifty-nine men in substance abuse treatment

T. G. Brown; A. Werk; T. Caplan; N. Shields; P. Seraganian

1998-01-01

35

Substance Abuse and SCI  

MedlinePLUS

Experts \\ Substance Abuse and Spinal Cord Injury Topics Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 The Basics of Spinal Cord ... Injury Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Substance Abuse and Spinal Cord Injury How Family Life ...

36

Substance use by soldiers who abuse their spouses.  

PubMed

Data on 7,424 soldier spouse abuse offenders were analyzed to determine the prevalence of substance use during abusive incidents, and to examine differences between substance-using and non-substance-using offenders. Results showed that 25% of all offenders used substances during abusive incidents, with males and non-Hispanic Whites being more likely to hav e used substances. Substance-using offenders were more likely to perpetrate physical spouse abuse and more severe spouse abuse. These findings underscore the importance of educating military personnel (including commanders) about links between substance use and domestic violence, and of coordinating preventive and therapeutic substance abuse and violence-related interventions. PMID:21097964

Martin, Sandra L; Gibbs, Deborah A; Johnson, Ruby E; Sullivan, Kristen; Clinton-Sherrod, Monique; Walters, Jennifer L Hardison; Rentz, E Danielle

2010-11-01

37

Substance Abuse. Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the policy statement on substance abuse from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). The policy statement section lists programs and activities supported by the NCY. A section on background includes a statement of the issue of substance abuse. Areas examined in this section include alcohol abuse and drunk driving among…

National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

38

The assessment of trauma history in women with Co-occurring substance abuse and mental Disorders and a history of interpersonal Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Women, Co-occurring Disorders, and Violence Study (WCDVS) was a large (N=2729) multisite study of the effectiveness of integrated and trauma-informed services for women with substance use and mental health disorders and a history of interpersonal violence (physical or sexual abuse). Study participants' exposure to lifetime and current traumatic events was assessed at baseline and follow-up via in-person interviews. This

Gregory J. McHugo; Yael Caspi; Nina Kammerer; Ruta Mazelis; Elizabeth W. Jackson; Lisa Russell; Colleen Clark; Jane Liebschutz; Rachel Kimerling

2005-01-01

39

SAFETY, HEALTH, AND WELLNESS: ASSESSING THE GOALS, MESSAGES, AND DILEMMAS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR WOMEN IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT  

E-print Network

Substance abuse and domestic violence are correlated issues and frequently co-occur (see, e.g., Chase, O'Farrell, Murphy, Fals-Stewart, & Murphy, 2003; Fals-Stewart & Kennedy, 2005; Stuart et al., 2006; Testa, Livingston, & Leonard, 2003). However...

Guthrie, Jennifer Ann

2013-08-31

40

Exploring the Differences and Similarities Between Black\\/African and Coloured Men Regarding Violence Against Women, Substance Abuse, and HIV Risks in Cape Town, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing research often reports HIV risks, men's relationships with women, substance abuse, and violence among Black\\/African and Coloured men in Cape Town, South Africa, without making note of possible cultural distinctions. Because of apartheid, race has historically affected the social and economic circumstances of many men differently; therefore, our research aimed to explore cultural nuances as they relate to HIV

Kyla M. Sawyer-Kurian; Wendee M. Wechsberg; Winnie K. Luseno

2009-01-01

41

Domestic Violence & Abuse Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships  

E-print Network

to getting help Domestic abuse often escalates from threats and verbal abuse to physical violence and even the abuse is psychological, rather than physical. Emotional abuse is often minimized, yet it can leave deep are not the only victims of domestic violence and abuse. Men also suffer from domestic abuse--especially verbal

Leistikow, Bruce N.

42

Loved One's Substance Abuse Problem  

MedlinePLUS

A Loved One’s Substance Abuse Problem Too Hot to Handle? A Loved One’s Substance Abuse Problem What You Can Do Your brother has ... of Addiction The Perils of Peers Prevention Treatment Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator

43

Substance Abuse Substance abuse refers to a maladaptive pattern of  

E-print Network

Substance Abuse · Substance abuse refers to a maladaptive pattern of substance use; at least one of: ­ Failure to fulfill major obligations (home, school, or work) ­ Hazardous behavior resulting from substance of compulsive use of the substance · Symptoms have never met criteria for dependence · Substance abuse does

Meagher, Mary

44

Linking childhood and adult criminality: using a life course framework to examine childhood abuse and neglect, substance use and adult partner violence.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children's life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. PMID:24169410

Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O'Campo, Patricia

2013-11-01

45

Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children’s life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. PMID:24169410

Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I.; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O'Campo, Patricia

2013-01-01

46

Substance Abuse and Violence Prevention. Multiple Youth Programs Raise Questions of Efficiency and Effectiveness. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony by the Director of Education and Employment Issues of the Health, Education, and Human Services Division of the General Accounting Office (GAO) is based on a number of GAO studies of substance abuse and violence prevention programs for youth. The testimony focuses on: (1) the information available about substance-abuse and…

Joyner, Carlotta C.

47

The impact of intimate partner violence, substance use, and HIV on depressive symptoms among abused low-income urban women.  

PubMed

Intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use, and HIV are often co-occuring health problems affecting low-income urban women, and have been described as connected epidemics making up a "syndemic." Research suggests that each issue separately is associated with depressive symptoms, but no studies have examined the combined effect of IPV, substance use and HIV on women's depression. Interviews were conducted with 96 women recruited from community health clinics serving low-income women in an urban U.S. city. All women were over 17, not pregnant, English-speaking, without private insurance and had experienced physical IPV in the past year. Women were primarily African American (82%) and 82% were receiving income assistance. Twenty seven percent were HIV-positive, and 27% had used heroin or cocaine in the past 6 months. Based on the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D ), 73% were depressed. Women who experienced severe IPV in the past 6 months were compared to women who experienced no IPV or psychological IPV only in the past 6 months; those who experienced severe IPV were 5.3 times more likely to be depressed, controlling for HIV status, drug use, age, and relationship status. Women who experienced severe IPV, were HIV-positive, and used drugs (7.3% of sample) were 7.98 times as likely to be depressed as women without these characteristics. These findings confirm that severe IPV is significantly associated with depression among urban abused women. Furthermore, this research suggests that the syndemic effect of IPV, substance use, and HIV could be even more detrimental to women's mental health. Health practitioners and researchers should be aware of the combined impact of the IPV, substance use, and HIV syndemic and consider how they can address the mental health needs of urban women. PMID:23686617

Illangasekare, Samantha L; Burke, Jessica G; McDonnell, Karen A; Gielen, Andrea C

2013-09-01

48

History of Childhood Abuse, Sensation Seeking, and Intimate Partner Violence under/Not under the Influence of a Substance: A Cross-Sectional Study in Russia  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine correlates of perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (IPV) under and not under the influence of a substance, we conducted a study among women in Russia. Methods In 2011, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients receiving services at a clinic for sexually transmitted infections in St. Petersburg, Russia. Multinomial logistic regression was used for analysis. Results Of 299 women, 104 (34.8%) and 113 (37.8%) reported a history of IPV perpetration and victimization, respectively. Nearly half (47.1%) of perpetrators and 61.1% of victims reported that the latest IPV event (perpetration and victimization, respectively) was experienced under the influence of a substance. Factors independently associated with IPV victimization under the influence of a substance were alcohol misuse and a higher number of lifetime sex partners, whereas only experience of childhood abuse (emotional and physical abuse) was independently associated with IPV victimization that did not occur under the influence of a substance. Childhood physical abuse, lower age of first sex, sensation seeking, and alcohol misuse were independently associated with IPV perpetration under the influence of a substance, while only childhood abuse (emotional and physical abuse) was independently associated with IPV perpetration that did not occur under the influence of a substance. Conclusions IPV under and not under the influence of a substance had different correlates (e.g., alcohol misuse and sensation seeking). Despite the strong association between substance use and IPV, experience of childhood abuse is an important predictor of IPV perpetration and victimization in Russia, above and beyond substance use. PMID:23844148

Zhan, Weihai; Shaboltas, Alla V.; Skochilov, Roman V.; Krasnoselskikh, Tatiana V.; Abdala, Nadia

2013-01-01

49

Formative Evaluation of Home Visitors' Role in Addressing Poor Mental Health, Domestic Violence, and Substance Abuse Among Low-Income Pregnant and Parenting Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This research assessed home visitor effectiveness in communicating about and responding to poor mental health, domestic\\u000a violence, and substance abuse among pregnant and parenting women home visited as part of a comprehensive family support strategy\\u000a in seven urban communities. Methods: Cross-sectional studies were conducted with mothers (n = 189) actively engaged in home visitation programs and home visitors (n

S. Darius Tandon; Kathleen M. Parillo; Carrie Jenkins; Anne K. Duggan

2005-01-01

50

Substance Abuse/Use  

MedlinePLUS

Translate Text Size Print Share Substance Abuse/Use How Are Drug Use and HIV Related? Alcohol and other drug use can play a significant role in the ... partners Infrequent condom use Using more than one substance Being less responsive to HIV prevention programs Other ...

51

Screening on Perpetration and Victimization of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV): Two Studies on the Validity of an IPV Screening Instrument in Patients in Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Background About 50% of patients in substance abuse treatment with a partner perpetrated and/or experienced intimate partner violence in the past year. To date, there are no screeners to identify both perpetrators and victims of partner intimate violence in a substance abusing population. We developed a 4 item screening instrument for this purpose, the Jellinek Inventory for assessing Partner Violence (J-IPV). Important strengths of the J-IPV are that it takes only 2 minutes to administer and is easy to use and to score. Methods To investigate the validity of the J-IPV, two independent studies were conducted including 98 and 99 participants, respectively. Aim of the second study was to cross-validate findings from the first study. Psychometric properties of the J-IPV were determined by calculating sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and positive and negative likelihood ratio’s by comparing J-IPV outcomes to outcomes on the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (‘gold standard’). Also, receiver operator characteristics (ROC)-curves were determined to weight sensitivity and specificity as a result of different J-IPV cutoffs, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Results Results of the first study demonstrated that the J-IPV possesses good psychometric properties to detect perpetrators and victims of any as well as severe intimate partner violence. Results from the second study replicated findings from the first study. Conclusions We recommend administering the J-IPV to patients entering substance abuse treatment. If perpetrators and victims of partner violence are identified, action can be taken to stop IPV perpetration and arrange help for victims, for example by offering perpetrators treatment or by providing safety planning or advocacy interventions to victims. PMID:23696847

Kraanen, Fleur L.; Vedel, Ellen; Scholing, Agnes; Emmelkamp, Paul M. G.

2013-01-01

52

Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator  

MedlinePLUS

... County or Zip By Name Other Links State Substance Abuse Agencies Frequently Asked Questions Links Comments or ... State or Zip | Find Facilities by Name | State Substance Abuse Agencies | Frequently Asked Questions | Links | Comments or ...

53

Substance Abuse and Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the identification of practical knowledge and skills needed for counseling individuals with substance abuse problems. It is a resource for practitioners, students, and faculty in school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, mental health counseling, school psychology, or social work in recognizing, preventing, and treating…

Sales, Amos, Ed.

54

Reviewing the Association between the History of Parental Substance Abuse and the Rate of Child Abuse  

PubMed Central

Background Substance abuse is a social, and health problem in Middle Eastern countries such as Iran. One of its most devastating effects is domestic violence against children. This study examined the association between the history of parental substance abuse, and rate of child abuse in Ahvaz, Iran. Methods This was a case-control study. The study population included all parents with high school children in Ahwaz within the academic year 2012-2013. The sample size was 384 people in two groups; with a history of substance abuse (case group) and no history of substance abuse (control group). Multi-stage cluster random sampling method was used through the Cochran formula. The data collection tools included a Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) (Bernstein, 1995), a demographic questionnaire, Duncan Socioeconomic Index (DSI), and a researcher-made questionnaire for the history of substance abuse. For data analysis, statistical indicators such as percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and correlation and regression analysis were used. Findings Data analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation among parents with a history of substance abuse and domestic violence toward children. Mean and standard deviation of the violence level in families with normal parents were 61.34 ± 16.88, and in families with a history of substance abuse were 98.99 ± 32.07. Therefore, the test results showed that there was a significant difference between normal families and families with history of substance abuse and violence toward children (P < 0.001, t = 8.60). Conclusion Based on the findings, the history of domestic violence and parental substance abuse (physical and emotional abuse, emotional and physical neglect) had a significant positive correlation with their behavior toward their children. After matching the two groups we found that the most common types of violence against children by their parents were, respectively, emotional violence (r = 58%), physical neglect (r = 54%), emotional neglect (r = 46%), and then physical violence (r = 39%). PMID:24494169

Yaghoubi-Doust, Mahmoud

2013-01-01

55

Crime and Substance Abuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity, developed by the Lane Community College MAPS GIS Program, asks students to use geographical information systems (GIS) to examine the correlations between crime and substance abuse. On this site, visitors will find links to the web-based GIS viewer needed to see and manipulate the data (there are links to the viewer on many servers) and to a student version of the activity which has complete instructions and questions for students to answer.

2008-08-12

56

Violence and Risk of PTSD, Major Depression, Substance Abuse\\/Dependence, and Comorbidity: Results From the National Survey of Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a national household probability sample of 4,023 telephone-interviewed adolescents ages 12–17, this study provides prevalence, comorbidity, and risk-factor data for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive episode (MDE), and substance abuse\\/dependence (SA\\/D). Roughly 16% of boys and 19% of girls met criteria for at least 1 diagnosis. Six-month PTSD prevalence was 3.7% for boys and 6.3% for girls, 6-month

Dean G. Kilpatrick; Kenneth J. Ruggiero; Ron Acierno; Benjamin E. Saunders; Heidi S. Resnick; Connie L. Best

2003-01-01

57

Pathways to Adolescent Substance Use Among Sexually Abused Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the link between childhood sexual abuse and adolescent substance use among girls, and evaluated depressive self-concept and behavioral under-control (BUC) as pathways to substance use for sexually abused girls. Participants (n = 150) were drawn from a longitudinal study of the impact of domestic violence on the lives of women and children. Structural equation modeling revealed that

Jennifer A. Bailey; Laura Ann McCloskey

2005-01-01

58

Pathways to Adolescent Substance Use among Sexually Abused Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the link between childhood sexual abuse and adolescent substance use among girls, and evaluated depressive self-concept and behavioral under-control (BUC) as pathways to substance use for sexually abused girls. Participants (n = 150) were drawn from a longitudinal study of the impact of domestic violence on the lives of women…

Bailey, Jennifer A.; McCloskey, Laura Ann

2005-01-01

59

Parenting and substance abuse: A longitudinal analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study was designed to contribute to the overall understanding of the development of substance abuse in high-risk adolescent populations. It approached this goal by investigating: (a) the development of alcohol abuse and drug abuse in a sample of homeless adolescents; (b) the relationship of development in alcohol abuse and drug abuse to parental substance abuse, peer substance abuse,

Marilyn Sylvia Goldstein

2002-01-01

60

New hospital-based policy for children whose parents present at the ER due to domestic violence, substance abuse and/or a suicide attempt.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a major social problem with many adverse consequences, and a substantial number of maltreated children are not identified by health care professionals. In 2010, in order to improve the identification of maltreated children in hospitals, a new hospital-based policy was developed in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. This policy was adapted from another policy that was developed in The Hague, the Netherlands, in 2007. In the new Amsterdam policy, all adults presenting at the emergency department due to domestic violence, substance abuse, and/or a suicide attempt are asked whether they have any children in their care. If this is the case, parents are urged to visit the outpatient pediatric department together with all of their children. During this visit, problems are evaluated and voluntary referrals can be arranged to different care organizations. If parents refuse to cooperate, their children are reported to the Dutch Child Abuse Counseling and Reporting Centre. The two aims of this study are to describe (1) characteristics of the identified families and (2) the referrals made to different voluntary and involuntary care organizations during the first 2 years after implementation of the policy. Data were collected from medical records. One hundred and six children from 60 households were included, of which 68 children because their mother was a victim of domestic violence. Referrals to care organizations were arranged for 99 children, of which 67 on a voluntary basis. The Amsterdam policy seems successful in arranging voluntary support for the majority of identified children. PMID:23093140

Hoytema van Konijnenburg, Eva M M; Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Tessa; Brilleslijper-Kater, Sonja N; van der Lee, Johanna H; Teeuw, Arianne H

2013-02-01

61

Gender differences in social and psychological problems of substance abusers: a comparison to nonsubstance abusers.  

PubMed

This study examines gender differences in 16 social and psychological problems among substance abusers and nonsubstance abusers in a community population to determine whether such differences are simply a reflection of differences between men and women in the general population. Data were gathered from 119 respondents using the Addiction Severity Index. Loglinear analysis suggests that problems typically attributed to "being a female substance abuser" may be due to the effect of gender or substance abuse alone. Only two problems significantly distinguish female substance abusers from the other comparison groups: psychiatric hospitalizations and relatives with substance abuse. However, women in the overall sample were more troubled by family problems, had more parents with psychiatric problems, and received more outpatient psychiatric treatment. Problems associated with substance abuse, not gender, include divorce, problems controlling violence, and parents with substance abuse problems. These findings suggest that substance-abusing women experience a "double whammy" because they incur both the problems of women and the problems of substance abusers. Disaggregating gender and substance abuse effects has implications for treatment-matching and relapse prevention, specifically for suggesting strategies that address the special vulnerabilities of substance-abusing women. PMID:8811582

Davis, D R; DiNitto, D M

1996-01-01

62

Pandora doesn't live here anymore: normalization of screening for intimate partner violence in Australian antenatal, mental health, and substance abuse services.  

PubMed

Routine screening for intimate partner violence (IPV) has been widely introduced in health settings, yet screening rates are often low. A screening policy was introduced statewide in Australia in antenatal, mental health, and substance abuse services. Annual snapshot indicates a sustained screening rate of 62%-75% since 2003. Focus group research with health care workers from 10 services found that initial introduction of screening was facilitated by brief, scripted questions embedded into assessment schedules, training, and access to referral services. Over time, familiarity and women's favorable reactions reinforced practice. Barriers remain, including lack of privacy, tensions about limited confidentiality, and frustration when women remain unsafe. Screening added to the complexity of work, but was well accepted by workers, and increased awareness of and responsiveness to IPV. PMID:21776834

Spangaro, Jo; Poulos, Roslyn G; Zwi, Anthony B

2011-01-01

63

Substance abuse vaccines.  

PubMed

Conventional substance-abuse treatments have only had limited success for drugs such as cocaine, nicotine, methamphetamine, and phencyclidine. New approaches, including vaccination to block the effects of these drugs on the brain, are in advanced stages of development. Although several potential mechanisms for the effects of antidrug vaccines have been suggested, the most straightforward and intuitive mechanism involves binding of the drug by antibodies in the bloodstream, thereby blocking entry and/or reducing the rate of entry of the drug into the central nervous system. The benefits of such antibodies on drug pharmacodynamics will be influenced by both the quantitative and the qualitative properties of the antibodies. The sum of these effects will determine the success of the clinical applications of antidrug vaccines in addiction medicine. This review will discuss these issues and present the current status of vaccine development for nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, and morphine. PMID:18991962

Orson, Frank M; Kinsey, Berma M; Singh, Rana A K; Wu, Yan; Gardner, Tracie; Kosten, Thomas R

2008-10-01

64

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph and Substance Abuse Services · Undergraduate Academic Services · Dean of Students · Their Professor during

Kunkle, Tom

65

Drug Abuse and Partner Violence among Women in Methadone Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to (1) describe rates of lifetime and current partner abuse among women on methadone; (2) examine the relationship between partner violence and demographics, substance abuse, and drug risk behaviors; and (3) explore the association between a victim's current use of crack\\/cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and drug risk behavior after controlling for demographics, household composition, history of victimization and

Nabila El-Bassel; Louisa Gilbert; Robert Schilling; Takeshi Wada

2000-01-01

66

Modifications to the Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (TREM) for Substance-Abusing Women with Histories of Violence: Outcomes and Lessons Learned at a Colorado Substance Abuse Treatment Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing body of literature demonstrates the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder for females seeking substance abuse treatment. Nonetheless, relatively few trauma-specific treatments have been implemented or evaluated with this population. In this quasi-experimental study (N = 170), the Trauma Recovery and…

Toussaint, Danielle W.; VanDeMark, Nancy R.; Bornemann, Angela; Graeber, Carla J.

2007-01-01

67

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... in the Military DrugFacts: Substance Abuse in the Military Email Facebook Twitter Revised March 2013 Members of ... Although illicit drug use is lower among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco ...

68

Drug and Substance Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... such as chronic pain or a mental illness. Alcohol Abuse For an older woman, light or moderate drinking ... likely to be problem drinkers compared to women. Alcohol abuse tends to be higher in retirement communities and ...

69

Substance Abuse Among Urban Aboriginals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings of a study of mental health among urban Aboriginal peoples. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to explore the relationship between substance abuse and physical\\/sexual abuse in a sample of Aboriginal peoples living in an urban community. Open-ended interviews were conducted in a sample of 30 Aboriginals that included Aboriginal social service providers (from health,

Kaháwi J. Jacobs; Kathryn J. Gill

2002-01-01

70

Training Health Care and Human Services Personnel in Perinatal Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Perinatal substance abuse treatment is composed of overlapping areas: maternal and child health care, alcohol and other drug\\u000a abuse treatment, child abuse prevention, and domestic violence prevention. The field of perinatal substance abuse lies at\\u000a the intersection of the complex social, medical, and psychological needs of women who abuse substances before, during, and\\/or\\u000a after pregnancy, and the subsequent needs of

Kathleen J. Farkas

71

Personality Disorders in Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we shall review the research on the co-morbidity between personality disorders and substance use disorders. We shall view the evidence regarding the nature of the co-morbidity, based on both clinical samples and general populations, and discuss associations between substance abuse, overall psychiatric severity and personality disorder. Following this discussion, we shall present some of the research that

Mats Fridell; Morten Hesse

72

Adolescent Substance Abuse and Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent substance abuse is a major public health concern. It is associated with an increased incidence of various psychiatric disorders like depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and conduct disorders and the relationship between mental and behavioral disorders and the substance use problems seems…

Dhawan, Anju; Balhara, Yatan Pal Singh; Natasha, M. Phil.

2007-01-01

73

Violence, Vandalism, & Substance Abuse in New Jersey Schools. 1990-1991. The Commissioner's Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents an analysis of data from New Jersey school districts on incidents of violence and vandalism in the public schools of the state. An incident is defined as an act of malicious intent to injure another individual (violence); willfully destroy property (vandalism); or possess, sell, or distribute controlled dangerous substances.…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.

74

Exposure to violence among substance-dependent pregnant women and their children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the prevalence of exposure to violence among drug-dependent pregnant women attending a multidisciplinary perinatal substance abuse treatment program. Participants (N = 715) completed the Violence Exposure Questionnaire within 7 days after their admission to the program. Their rates of lifetime abuse ranged from 72.7% for physical abuse to 71.3% for emotional abuse to 44.5% for sexual abuse.

Martha L. Velez; Ivan D. Montoya; Lauren M. Jansson; Vickie Walters; Dace Svikis; Hendree E. Jones; Howard Chilcoat; Jacquelyn Campbell

2006-01-01

75

Health promotion in the city: A structured review of the literature on interventions to prevent heart disease, substance abuse, violence and HIV infection in us metropolitan areas, 1980–1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

To achieve its national public health goals, the US must improve the health of low-income urban populations. To contribute\\u000a to this process, this study reviewed published reports of health promotion interventions designed to prevent heart disease,\\u000a HIV infection, substance abuse, and violence in US cities. The study's objectives were to describe the target populations,\\u000a settings, and program characteristics of these

Nicholas Freudenberg; Diana Silver; Jenniferm M. Carmona; Daniel Kass; Brick Lancaster; Marjorie Speers

2000-01-01

76

Cumulative Environmental Risk in Substance Abusing Women: Early Intervention, Parenting Stress, Child Abuse Potential and Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 161 substance-abusing mothers assessed 10 maternal risk factors: maternal depression; domestic violence; nondomestic violence; family size; incarceration; no significant other at home; negative life events; psychiatric problems; homelessness; and drug use severity. Parenting stress and child abuse potential was higher for women with…

Kelley, Susan J.

2003-01-01

77

A longitudinal perspective on adolescent substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The links between adolescent substance abuse and adult alcohol and drug misuse and dependence are now well established. The vast majority of adult substance misusers start in their adolescent years. This, and the emotive nature of adolescent substance abuse generated an increased and justifiable interest in substance abuse in adolescent populations, that began in the early 1970s. This paper reviews

Harith Swadi

1992-01-01

78

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of substance use disorders is essential for health care providers treating pregnant women. Early intervention is\\u000a vital to improve the health and welfare of both the mother and child. This chapter provides an overview of the consequences\\u000a and treatments of maternal substance use disorders during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Effective techniques for assessment\\u000a and intervention are reviewed, as well as

Karen A. Miotto; Elizabeth Suti; Monique M. Hernandez; Phivan L. Pham

79

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph � Their Residence Assistant or the RHD � Center for Student Learning � Counseling and Substance Abuse Services

Kasman, Alex

80

Infant of a substance-abusing mother  

MedlinePLUS

Maternal substance abuse may consist of any combination of drug, chemical, alcohol, and/or tobacco use during the pregnancy. ... damage to the developing fetal organs. WHAT CAUSES SUBSTANCE ABUSE DURING PREGNANCY? Unfortunately, many women use drugs ...

81

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

MedlinePLUS

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Home Newsroom Site Map Contact Us SAMHSA Search Search Data Visit ... SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. The ...

82

FACTS ABOUT ANIMAL ABUSE & DOMESTIC VIOLENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

• 68% of battered women reported violence towards their animals. 87% of these incidents occurred in the presence of the women, and 75% in the presence of the children, to psychologically control and coerce them.2 • 13% of intentional animal abuse cases involve domestic violence.3 • Between 25% and 40% of battered women are unable to escape abusive situations because

83

PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN  

E-print Network

PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS || James F. Burgess, Jr process monitor for systems delivering substance abuse care is follow-up outpatient care within a certain number of days after inpa- tient substance abuse discharges. The VA system provides ten years

West, Mike

84

Substance Abuse Policies in Ohio Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ohio substance abuse policies, discipline codes, and educational drug abuse prevention programs are reviewed. An effective substance abuse policy is an essential element in the school's efforts to deal with drug and alcohol use. In many U.S. schools, the use of alcohol and drugs interferes with the education process, and it appears that substance

Hughes, William

85

Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes for Adolescents With Violent Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether substance-abusing adolescents with co-occurring violent behaviors showed reduction in these behaviors after exposure to outpatient drug treatment. Using a longitudinal research design, adolescents were classified based on 3 levels of the violence reported at intake and were assessed at 3 and 6 months following intake. The high-violence group showed significant reductions

Bushra Sabri; Julie K. Williams; Douglas C. Smith; Mijin Jang; James A. Hall

2010-01-01

86

Eating Disorders and Substance Abuse  

E-print Network

Clinicians involved in substance abuse treatment have been aware for some time that women with alcohol or other drug abuse problems also frequently suffer from eating disorders. Some of the similarities, such as feelings of shame, need to hide the behavior, and the compulsive quality have led to speculations of an underlying common dynamic, and possibly to common organic predisposing factors. The treatment challenge is complex: One does not have the luxury of postponing the exploration of anxiety-producing issues until abstinence (sobriety) is well secured. Eating disorders are health threatening and some-times life threatening, and are frequently closely connected with the alcohol or other drug abuse pattern. This article focuses on bulimia and anorexia nervosa, omitting obesity because it is not characteristically associated with a distinct psychological or behavioral pattern (Norman 1984). It aims to clarify some of these issues and to provide recommendations to the treating clinician: guidelines on when to tackle the problem within the context of the substance abuse treatment and when to refer the clients elsewhere. It will also describe the major treatment approaches in the eating disorders field and offer criteria for selecting a program or therapist with whom to collaborate.

Joan Ellen Zweben, Ph.D.

87

The Many Victims of Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

Substance abuse is a complicated disorder and has far reaching consequences. The victims of substance abuse extend beyond the unfortunate ones suffering from this disorder and often include family and friends. Treatment options for substance abuse are many; however, positive outcomes are not always guaranteed. Many factors play into the potential for successful treatment. Some of these include the adherence and motivation of the substance abusing patients as well as patients' surrounding environments and support systems. In this article, we present a clinical case of opioid dependence and discuss various treatment options and modalities. We will discuss different variables that may maximize positive treatment outcomes. Also a review of the current literature regarding substance abuse treatment, psychotherapy with the drug abuser, and grief therapy should the substance abusing patient die for the surviving family members will be presented. PMID:20532120

2007-01-01

88

Childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse treatment utilization among substance-dependent incarcerated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incarcerated women have high rates of substance abuse problems and trauma. A variety of variables may influence whether these women seek help or are referred for substance abuse problems. This study reports an exploratory project on service utilization among incarcerated substance-dependent women (N = 40) in southeastern Idaho. Using self-report and interview tools, most participants reported some substance abuse treatment

Jessica R. Peltan; Tony Cellucci

2011-01-01

89

Children of Mothers with Histories of Substance Abuse, Mental Illness, and Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children exposed to parental substance abuse, mental illness, and violence face profound challenges, including increased risk for emotional and behavioral problems, substance abuse, and victimization. In this article, we describe the characteristics of a sample of children of women entering treatment. These children had been exposed to domestic…

VanDeMark, Nancy R.; Russell, Lisa A.; O'Keefe, Maura; Finkelstein, Norma; Noether, Chanson D.; Gampel, Joanne C.

2005-01-01

90

Juvenile Offender Comprehensive Reentry Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature provides ample evidence of the relationship of substance abuse to crime. Research over the last 20 years has established a strong correlation between substance abuse and juvenile delinquency (held, 1998). Currently, there are more than 350,000 juveniles on probation and in continuing care programs in the U.S. who have substance

Watson, Donnie W.

2004-01-01

91

Urban and rural differences in the relationship between substance use and violence.  

PubMed

This article examines the relationship between substance use and violence across rural-urban and Appalachian places of residence. The data come from a larger study on the health service use of 637 men who have a history of chronic substance abuse and who were incarcerated in four Kentucky prisons. The findings generally support previous research on substance use and violence but do not support Fischer's (1995) subculture theory of urbanism. Contrary to expectations, the population size of the prisoners' residence was not significantly associated with the prisoners' levels of violent victimization, violence toward others, violence toward intimate partners, or overall violence in the year prior to incarceration. Appalachian residency was also not associated with violence. Recognizing that the effect of substance use on violence perpetrated against others does not vary significantly by urban or rural residence may be helpful for designing violence prevention programs and planning law enforcement efforts. PMID:15358935

Goodrum, Sarah; Wiese, H Jean; Leukefeld, Carl G

2004-10-01

92

Substance abuse in the refining industry  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide some background for the NPRA Annual Meeting Management Session panel discussion on Substance Abuse in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, NPRA distributed a questionnaire to member companies requesting information regarding the status of their individual substance abuse policies. The questionnaire was designed to identify general trends in the industry. The aggregate responses to the survey are summarized in this paper, as background for the Substance Abuse panel discussions.

Little, A. Jr. (Sun Refining and Marketing Co., Philadelphia, PA (US)); Ross, J.K. (Ashalnd Petroleum Co., Ashland, KY (US)); Lavorerio, R. (Chevron U.S.A. Inc., Richmond, CA (US)); Richards, T.A. (Total Petroleum, Inc., Denver, CO (US))

1989-01-01

93

Substance abuse, pathological gambling, and impulsiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated behavioral and self-report indices of impulsiveness in pathological gambling substance abusers (n=27), non-pathological gambling substance abusers (n=63), and non-pathological gambling\\/non-substance abusing controls (n=21). The Bechara card task measured preferences for decks of cards that ranged in magnitude and probability of delayed and immediate rewards and punishers. The Stanford Time Perception Inventory (STPI) assessed orientation to the future,

Nancy M Petry

2001-01-01

94

National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI) has developed the National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI) to provide rapid access to high quality, authoritative information on substance abuse prevention and treatment. The NSAWI currently indexes all documents residing on 24 private and government Websites, including the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), among others. The NSAWI offers a local search engine, allowing users to conduct broadcast searches of all indexed sites. However, the rudimentary search facility limits users to keyword queries.

1999-01-01

95

Marital violence: Characteristics of abusive couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Short Marital Adjustment Test, short form of the Attitudes Toward Women Scale, Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, and measures of assertion were administerd to 52 abused wives (AWs) and 20 abusive husbands (AHs) who were seen at a center that specializes in domestic violence problems. Comparison data were collected from 20 couples with satisfactory marriages and 20 maritally dysfunctional

Alan Rosenbaum; K. Daniel OLeary

1981-01-01

96

Developmental models of substance abuse relapse  

E-print Network

concomitant psychopathology common among those in treatmenttreatment use for substance abusing adolescents with comorbid psychopathology.treatment for AUDs/SUDs and comorbid Axis I psychopathology and

Ramo, Danielle Elizabeth

2008-01-01

97

Relative contributions of parent substance use and childhood maltreatment to chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems among homeless women: mediating roles of self-esteem and abuse in adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study, using latent variable methodology, explores simultaneously the relative effects of childhood abuse and early parental substance abuse on later chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems in a sample of homeless women. We also examine whether self-esteem and recent violence can serve as mediators between the childhood predictors and the dysfunctional outcomes.Method: The sample consists of 581

Judith A Stein; Michelle Burden Leslie; Adeline Nyamathi

2002-01-01

98

77 FR 60615 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of October 1, 2012 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012 By the...tragically short, the consequences of substance abuse are profound. Yet, we also...all those working to prevent substance abuse in our communities, and we...

2012-10-04

99

76 FR 61625 - Cheri Swensson; Certification of Substance Abuse Experts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cheri Swensson; Certification of Substance Abuse Experts AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...organizations authorized to certify a substance abuse expert. DATES: Submit comments...CFR), Section 26.187, ``Substance abuse expert,'' by including...

2011-10-05

100

77 FR 33619 - Certification of Substance Abuse Experts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2011-0220] Certification of Substance Abuse Experts AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...organizations authorized to certify a substance abuse expert. The NRC determined that...organizations authorized to certify a substance abuse expert. The NRC received...

2012-06-07

101

78 FR 61815 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...September 30, 2013 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013 By the...fatalities. This month, we recognize substance abuse prevention programs across our...integral role in preventing youth substance abuse, we must lead by example,...

2013-10-04

102

76 FR 62293 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of October 3, 2011 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011 By the...productive lives. During National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, we celebrate...of Americans with diagnosable substance abuse or dependence...

2011-10-07

103

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph Services · Office of Disability Services · Their Residence Assistant or the RHD · Counseling and Substance Abuse Services · Office of Undergraduate Admissions · Dean of Students There are MANY others!!! #12

Kasman, Alex

104

PTSD Substance abuse comorbidity and treatment utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigates the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of treatment-seeking substance abusers and examines the relationship between PTSD comorbidity and rates of inpatient substance abuse treatment. Eightyfour patients (48 male and 36 female) admitted for detoxification at a private hospital were administered self-report measures of lifetime stressor events, PTSD symptomatology, and prior treatment history.

Pamela J. Brown; Patricia R. Recupero; Robert Stout

1995-01-01

105

Harm Reduction in MSW Substance Abuse Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional social work largely has endorsed the empirically supported paradigm of harm reduction in relation to substance abuse issues. Despite literature detailing similarities between social work and harm reduction, little is known about its presence in MSW substance abuse coursework. A purposive sample of 133 social work faculty from…

Eversman, Michael H.

2012-01-01

106

Teaching Resiliency Theory to Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resiliency is the ability to cope in the face of adversity. One protective factor that promotes resiliency in substance-abusing dysfunctional families is family rituals and traditions. Social workers and substance abuse counselors can teach family members how to instill resiliency in their families and themselves through rituals and traditions. To…

Ward, Kelly

2003-01-01

107

Motivation and Community Prevention of Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of motivation, although integral to most behavioral health initiatives, is rarely addressed directly in the public health literature dealing with communitywide efforts to prevent substance abuse. After reviewing the development of community mobilization as it is applied in disease prevention, we compare the principles used in a motivationally based brief treatment of substance-abusing individuals with the ideas and

Philip A. May; Joseph H. Miller; Nina Wallerstein

1993-01-01

108

Substance Abuse in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited attention to ethnicity in research on substance abuse and women has resulted in assumptions that may not fit the experience of women of color. This study employed a combined quantitative and qualitative design to investigate substance abuse in African American women ages 21 to 48. Life experiences of women with histories of chemical dependence were compared with women who

Harriet Curtis-Boles; Valata Jenkins-Monroe

2000-01-01

109

Neonatal withdrawal from maternal volatile substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM: To determine whether neonates born to mothers who are volatile substance abusers are at risk for an abstinence syndrome. METHODS: A consecutive sample of infants born to volatile substance abusing mothers was studied over four years, in a university affiliated medical centre with a variable mix of primary, secondary, and tertiary care patients. Infants were clinically scored with the

M. Tenenbein; O. G. Casiro; M. M. Seshia; V. D. Debooy

1996-01-01

110

Perceptions of Elders' Substance Abuse and Resilience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human service students' (social work, criminal justice, public administration, psychology) were surveyed (N = 242). Their perceptions about older persons' resilience and recovery from substance abuse were investigated. Overall, respondents did not agree that treating older persons for a substance abuse problem was wasteful of resources or older people do not benefit from treatment. However, respondents did not agree that

Michael N. Kane; Diane Green

2009-01-01

111

Treatment Services for Adolescent Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent substance abuse has been a public health concern for decades, but the scientific knowledge base on the services engaged to treat this problem is comparatively new. This nascent knowledge base is poised to expand exponentially, as researchers and treatment providers struggle to meet a rising demand for evidence-based treatment services. Until recently, research on adolescent substance abuse consisted primarily

Beverly Pringle; Jerry Flanzer

112

RELAPSE PREVENTION MODELS FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relapse prevention (RP) techniques have been integrated into numerous aspects of substance abuse treatment and research. One of the most promising uses of RP techniques is to provide a conceptual framework for the delivery of outpatient drug-free substance abuse treatment. A number of writers and researchers have produced models of treatment using RP principles as the central philosophy and methodology.

RICHARD A. RAWSON; JEANNE L. OBERT; MICHAEL J. McCANN; PATRICIA MARINELLI-CASEY

1993-01-01

113

Perceptions of Elders' Substance Abuse and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human service students' (social work, criminal justice, public administration, psychology) were surveyed (N = 242). Their perceptions about older persons' resilience and recovery from substance abuse were investigated. Overall, respondents did not agree that treating older persons for a substance abuse problem was wasteful of resources or older…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

2009-01-01

114

Teacher Intervention for the Adolescent Substance Abuser.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reviews adolescent development and considers the teacher's role in dealing with a compulsive substance abuser. Typical characteristics of substance abusers, such as isolation or withdrawal from the family unit, decreased academic achievement, initial denial of a drug/alcohol problem, and interactions with a negative peer group are noted,…

Polzella, Sue A.; Selinger, Marilyn

115

Cultural Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides a tool to help providers and other substance abuse treatment professionals gain a greater understanding of the cultural, social, political, and economic forces affecting substance abuse treatment among Hispanic Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and American Indians/Alaska Natives. An…

Cortes, Dharma E.; Ja, Davis; Noboa, Abdin; Perry, Vincent; Robinson, Robert; Rodriguez, Domingo; Stubben, Jerry

116

Substance abuse among street children in Mumbai  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent street boys are a highly mobile population and difficult to reach. They are recognized to be vulnerable to substance, physical and sexual abuse. Our objective was to conduct a study among adolescent street boys of Mumbai City to assess substance, physical and sexual abuse and the factors associated with them. Most of the studies on adolescent street boys were

Abhay M. Gaidhane; Quazi Syed Zahiruddin; Lalit Waghmare; Sunita Shanbhag; Sanjay Zodpey; Sudhakar R. Joharapurkar

2008-01-01

117

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

118

Accessing Substance Abuse Prevention Programs for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current estimates indicate that over 6 million children live with at least one parent who is a substance abuser or is substance dependent. Children who are exposed to drug and alcohol abuse are at a greater risk of experiencing academic and behavior difficulties. Additionally, several studies have shown that students with emotional and behavioral…

Schroeder, Jennifer L.; Johnson, Gail E.

2009-01-01

119

Substance Abuse and the American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide introduces concerns and problems resulting from the use and abuse of alcohol and drugs among American Indian youth and addresses intergenerational substance abuse effects. Alcohol abuse among American Indians and Alaska Natives is the most visible effect of their cultural disruption and disorganization. Alcoholism among Native Americans…

Bill, Willard E.

120

Updated: 12/2012 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification  

E-print Network

Updated: 12/2012 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification Substance abuse continues to be a major abuse. UMBC Substance Abuse policy is multifaceted and designed to: · foster a safe and healthy campus associated with substances abuse; · inform members of the UMBC community about: o the health risk associated

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

121

Updated: 04/2013 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification  

E-print Network

Updated: 04/2013 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification Substance abuse continues to be a major abuse. UMBC Substance Abuse policy is multifaceted and designed to: · foster a safe and healthy campus associated with substances abuse; · inform members of the UMBC community about: o the health risk associated

Adali, Tulay

122

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence. The authors explore current findings on the intersection of physi- cal child abuse and domestic violence within the context of other risk factors, including community violence and related family and environmental stressors. Evidence

TODD I. HERRENKOHL; CYNTHIA SOUSA; EMIKO A. TAJIMA; ROY C. HERRENKOHL; CARRIE A. MOYLAN

2008-01-01

123

Gender differences in adolescent substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender differences in the epidemiology, comorbidities, and treatment responses of substance abuse have been described in adults.\\u000a However, a growing body of data suggests that gender differences also exist in adolescents with substance abuse. Unfortunately,\\u000a research is still limited in this age group. This article reviews gender differences in the diagnosis, presentation, course\\u000a of illness, and treatment response of substance

Angelica Kloos; Ronald A. Weller; Rebecca Chan; Elizabeth B. Weller

2009-01-01

124

Psychiatric Comorbidity Among Inpatient Substance Abusing Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied the association between type, severity and sequencing of psychopathology and these same dimensions of substance involvement among inpatient substance-abusing adolescents with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Adolescents (N = 140, 54% female; 15.9 years) meeting DSM-III-R criteria for a substance use disorder and at least one other Axis I…

Abrantes, Ana M.; Brown, Sandra A.; Tomlinson, Kristin L.

2004-01-01

125

Science and policy in substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (SATPP) is an open access, peer-reviewed international journal of original research and scholarship that focuses on policy issues in the treatment and prevention of substance use disorders. Separate and often disparate public systems deal with substance use problems as well as provide treatment and prevention. This journal will provide an environment for the exchange

Stephan Arndt

2006-01-01

126

Substance abuse in schizophrenia: service utilization and costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization and cost of institutional and outpatient services were prospectively measured over 1 year for three groups of schizophrenic patients: current substance abusers, past substance abusers, and those without a history of substance abuse. Current abusers had significantly greater utilization and cost of institutional (hospital and jail) services. Current abusers also had greater utilization of emergency services. There were no

Stephen J. Bartels; Gregory B. Teague; Robert E. Drake; Robin E. Clark; Philip W. Bush; Douglas L. Noordsy

1993-01-01

127

Is Screening for Depression in the Perinatal Period Enough? The Co-Occurrence of Depression, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence in Culturally Diverse Pregnant Women  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background The perinatal period provides unique opportunities to identify and intervene with the co-occurrence of perinatal depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use problems. Psychosocial screening recommended for women seen in maternal child health settings tends to target single rather than multiple risk factors; there is limited research examining the co-occurrence of these issues especially in racially and ethnically diverse women across the perinatal period. These analyses explore the relationships of sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics in a large, diverse sample of women. Method Women receiving perinatal services at routinely scheduled visits, including the 6-week postpartum visit, were recruited from 10 community obstetric/gynecologic clinics. Data were collected on perinatal depression, IPV, maternal substance use, and sociodemographic characteristics by bilingual, bicultural research assistants. Results A total of 1868 women were screened, 1526 (82%) Latina, 1099 (58.8%) interviewed in Spanish; 20.4% (n=382) screened positive for depressive symptoms based on an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 10 or above, 20.9% reported harmful drinking, 4.3% reported drug use, 23% reported substance use problems, and 3.5% reported current or recent IPV. Women who were Black, Asian, Pacific Islander, or other race/ethnicity had greater odds for depressive symptoms relative to women who were Hispanic or Latino (odds ratio [OR]=1.81, p=0.005). Women reporting substance use problems (OR=2.37, p<0.0001) and IPV (OR=3.98, p<0.0001) had higher odds for depressive symptoms. Conclusion In a predominately Latina sample, 1 in 5 mothers (20.4%) screened positive for depressive symptoms and over one third (36.7%) reported one or more psychosocial issues during the perinatal period. Screening for multiple risk factors rather than just one can help clinicians tailor interventions for the successful management of psychosocial issues. PMID:23931153

Hazen, Andrea L.; Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah McCue

2013-01-01

128

Skeptical Attunement: Modifying Psychodynamic Technique for Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite enormous advances in the field brought on by psychology's reintegration, modern substance abuse treatment fails to adequately treat substance abusers' emotional lives.Objectives: Psychodynamic technique can fill this gap by addressing the emotional discomfort and disconnection that underlies much of substance abuse.Methods: A new model of substance abuse treatment integrating psychodynamic technique with recent developments in addiction treatment (harm reduction,

Karen Frieder; Roy Futterman; Susan Silverman

2006-01-01

129

Counseling Substance-Abusing Older Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance-abuse problems among older adults, involving alcohol, medications, and illegal drugs may arise from such stress factors as unstructured time, relationships with friends, loss, side effects of medications, and irrational beliefs. (SK)

Norton, E. Douglas

1998-01-01

130

Children of Substance-Abusing or Substance-Dependent Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children of substance abusing or dependent parents are suffering a tremendous hardship. According to the Office of Applied Studies, an estimated 6 million children live with a parent who abuses alcohol or other drugs. These children are being removed from their natural home environments at alarming rates. Of the 80% of the children within the child welfare system because of

Ozietta D. Taylor

2011-01-01

131

Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, Chemical Dependency  

E-print Network

Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, and Chemical Dependency Fall 2012 2 credits Phar 6249 #12 ­ Director of PRN Minnesota #12;This course serves as an overview of addiction, chemical abuse and chemical/06/12 3:35-4:25 Introduction Berkner/Sioris 4:40-5:30 Historical Perspectives of Addiction/Intoxication L

Thomas, David D.

132

Malignant Neglect: Substance Abuse and America's Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on drug abuse in schools is based on 6 years of analysis, focus groups, and field investigations. Prior research has determined that if young people do not engage in smoking or substance abuse by age 21, their chances of engaging later are next to nothing. It has also been determined that next to parents, schools have the greatest…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

133

Effects of adolescent physical abuse, exposure to neighborhood violence, and witnessing parental violence on adult socioeconomic status.  

PubMed

Research on the effects of adolescent physical abuse, witnessing domestic violence, and perceptions of community violence have generally, with few exceptions, found them to be predictive of subsequent negative behavioral outcomes, such as substance abuse, crime, and other problem behaviors. Less frequently studied is the relationship of these adverse adolescent experiences to adult socioeconomic statuses. This study utilizes longitudinal self-report data from the National Youth Survey Family Study to investigate how these three factors influence future socioeconomic statuses: marital status, educational attainment, employment, income, and wealth (net worth). Significant associations with adult socioeconomic statuses are found most often for physical abuse, but neighborhood violence is the only one of the three that is predictive of adult employment. Witnessing parental violence is associated with adult income and net worth. Limitations and policy implications of the present research, in the context of past research in this area, are considered. PMID:23420296

Covey, Herbert C; Menard, Scott; Franzese, Robert J

2013-05-01

134

Animal Abuse and Youth Violence. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The forms of abuse that animals are subjected to are similar to the forms of abuse children experience, such as physical abuse, serious neglect, and psychological abuse. This document describes psychiatric, psychological, and criminal research linking animal abuse to violence perpetrated by juveniles and adults. Particular attention is given to…

Ascione, Frank R.

135

CASAWORKS for Families: A Promising Approach to Welfare Reform and Substance-Abusing Women. A CASA White Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CASAWORKS for Families is the first national demonstration program to provide simultaneously drug and alcohol treatment; literacy, job, parenting, and social skills training; family violence prevention; and health care to help substance-abusing welfare parents recover. Its mission is to help women on welfare with substance abuse problems achieve…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

136

Moving On: Young People and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help explain why some young people move from recreational drug use to substance abuse, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with young people who had experienced problematic substance use. The data were supplemented by statistical data on 111 young people. The researchers found a variety of "structural" factors that help explain young…

Daley, Kathryn; Chamberlain, Chris

2009-01-01

137

Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependency in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the problem of substance use and abuse among adolescents and discusses the important role of school leaders in addressing this problem. Drug and alcohol use among adolescents is a significant and serious problem. In fact, an alarmingly high number of students report that they have used drugs or alcohol. Substance use and…

Lasser, Jon; Schmidt, Eric

2009-01-01

138

Preventing and Treating Substance Abuse among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance misuse is one of the most prevalent causes of adolescent injury and death. Additionally, 5-8% of adolescents in the U.S. qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse disorder. This article discusses formal prevention and treatment program models, focusing on a continuum of care which extends from prevention to treatment alternatives.…

Sussman, Steve

2011-01-01

139

Animal Abuse and Exposure to Interparental Violence in Italian Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abuse against animals is an indicator of children's maladjustment associated with domestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to interparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results indicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved than girls. Almost half of the whole sample has been

Anna C. Baldry

2003-01-01

140

Pattern of mental illness on substance abusers.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate mental illnesses among the substance abuse dependent populations. A total of 1076 substance abusers were recruited from the Outpatient Department of the Central Drug Addiction Treatment Center, Tejgaon, Dhaka from July 2008 to June 2009. They sought detoxification therapy voluntarily at this centre. The research participants were selected consecutively following the defined selection criteria. Research instruments were interviewer-administered questionnaire and standard mental state examination scales. Of the 1076 substance abusers, 82.6% had been using heroin currently and rest of them used phensedyl followed by injection drugs and cannabis with a period ranged 2-30 years. Results showed that 91.3% of the substance abusers had been suffering from insomnia and 75.0% had altered food habit. About 49.0% showed disturbed behaviors and 45.2% had been suffering from sexual dysfunctions. Around 32.0% of the substance abusers had been suffering from nonspecific generalized anxieties and 72.7% were found in abnormal mood/affects. A striking finding was that 7.3% of the substance abusers had been suffering from perceptual and/or thought disturbances. In conclusion, 7.3%-92.5% of the substance abusers had been suffering from mental illnesses. Insomnias, decreased intake of food and taste preference, irritable mood/affects, loss of interest in sex and non-specific anxieties were highly prevalent among them. Medical management and altering lifestyle are still the only applicable way to control this human catastrophe. PMID:22561767

Hossain, K J; Nandi, A K; Karim, M R; Haque, M M; Kamal, M M

2012-04-01

141

Substance Abuse Training and Perceived Knowledge: Predictors of Perceived Preparedness to Work in Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As frontline mental health care providers, social workers need to be prepared to confront and properly manage substance abuse issues in practice. This study examined predictors of recent master of social work (MSW) graduates' perceptions of preparedness to practice in the area of substance abuse. A cross-sectional design was used, and 232 recent…

Bina, Rena; Yum, Joohee; Hall, Diane M. Harnek; Sowbel, Lynda; Mollette, Angela; Jani, Jayshree; Smith-Osborne, Alexa

2008-01-01

142

Substance Abuse and the Law: A Technical Assistance Paper for the Street Law Substance Abuse Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical assistance paper is designed to give trainers guidance on teaching the development and use of substance-abuse lessons found in "Street Law: A Course in Practical Law." The paper provides background on the lessons, a rationale for using the lessons, and sample agendas to use in training. "Street Law" contains substance abuse lessons…

National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, Washington, DC.

143

Spouse abuse and other domestic violence.  

PubMed

Concern about the different forms of domestic violence continues to escalate. Beginning with identification of child abuse in the 1960s; spouse abuse, primarily of women, in the 1970s; and, most recently, identification of the rising incidence of elder abuse and neglect, the medical community, state, local, and federal governmental agencies and the public continue to promote joint programs to identify, guide to treatment, and simultaneously develop prevention and early intervention programs. Emphasis initially on the use of legal systems to stop, the abuse must almost be mandatory, because numerous studies show that treatment is most successful when abusers are forced to admit to themselves and others that they have, in fact, committed crimes. For women victims, safe refuge, self-help, and advocacy-support groups were found to be effective, whereas children first need the same protection and a great deal of empathy and explanation. Psychiatrists' roles lie in the important area of early diagnosis and treatment, as most domestic abuse victims do not readily admit to this violence, primarily out of shame, guilt, and fear. Numerous studies demonstrate that following a protocol with every patient, in every setting and under every circumstance, psychiatrists must ask about domestic violence when they least suspect it and when other diagnoses are obvious. The multiple etiologies include general sociocultural pressures, such as poverty and crowding, stereotypic sex role socialization, alcohol and drug abuse, history of head injury, and personal childhood abuse. Psychiatric treatment modalities must occur within a framework of acknowledging that domestic violence victims suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychiatrists can serve as leaders in coordinating multi-pronged treatment options for the victims: advocacy groups; alcohol and drug detoxification; and individual, couple, and family therapy. Psychiatrists can also serve as consultants, leaders, and educators in prevention and early intervention programs to educate the public and all levels of professionals who work with victims: police and legal systems, social service workers, teachers, religious leaders, essentially all who touch the lives of people of all ages who are supposed to live together in domestic mutual respect and caring but do not. PMID:3062594

Dickstein, L J

1988-12-01

144

Louisiana Tech University Statement on Hazing / Alcohol / & Substance Abuse  

E-print Network

Louisiana Tech University Statement on Hazing / Alcohol / & Substance Abuse 2009-2010 The purpose and substance abuse are inconsistent with the responsibility of the student organization to conduct safe concerning alcohol abuse, substance abuse, and hazing. Every student and employee of the University plays

Selmic, Sandra

145

Substance Abuse Education for Nurse Anesthetists: Differences in Knowledge of Substance Abuse Between Student Nurse Anesthetists Who Have Completed a Substance Abuse Workshop and Those Who Have Not  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether student nurse anesthetists who took a substance abuse workshop had more knowledge of substance abuse than those who did not take the workshop. The problem of substance abuse among members of the medical professions has been known for at least a century. However, there are little documentation and few articles that

Gary D. Clark

1996-01-01

146

Dealing with mental hospital violence and abuse.  

PubMed

Heavy investments in security systems designed to stem violence at mental institutions in California and New Jersey have resulted from investigations by state officials. In one case, the challenge of a changing mix of mental patients, with a much greater percentage being referred by criminal courts, has spurred changes in security. In another, an extensive camera surveillance system is being installed to reduce incidents of abuse of patients by staff members. PMID:10539575

1999-07-01

147

Perspectives on Violence and Substance Use in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although violence and substance use are usually considered urban problems, rates of violence and substance use in rural areas are catching up to urban rates. This collection of six articles explores violence and substance use in rural America, the relationship between the two, the factors contributing to these problems, and effective preventive…

North Central Regional Educational Lab., Oak Brook, IL.

148

CLINICAL REVIEW Circadian rhythms, sleep, and substance abuse  

E-print Network

CLINICAL REVIEW Circadian rhythms, sleep, and substance abuse Brant P. Hasler a,*, Leisha J. Smith abuse Substance dependence Addiction Alcohol Opiates Methamphetamine Cocaine s u m m a r y Substance in knowledge persist, particularly regarding whether circadian disturbance leads to substance abuse

Schumaker, Mark

149

Therapeutic Substance Abuse Treatment for Incarcerated Women  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to explicate attributes of optimal therapeutic strategies for treating incarcerated women who have a history of substance abuse. An expansive search of electronic databases for qualitative research reports relating to substance abuse treatment for incarcerated women was conducted. Nine qualitative research reports comprised the sample for this review. Findings from these reports were extracted, placed into a data analysis matrix, coded, and categorized. Memos were written, and strategies for treating incarcerated women with alcohol problems were identified. Therapeutic effects of treatment programs for incarcerated women with substance-abuse problems appear to be enhanced when trust-based relationships are established, individualized and just care is provided, and treatment facilities are separate from the general prison environment. PMID:21771929

Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah; Johnson, E. Diane

2011-01-01

150

An integral approach to substance abuse.  

PubMed

There is a pressing need in the substance abuse field for more comprehensive models of etiology and treatment that address the complex issues of addiction, including the biological, social, cultural, spiritual and developmental needs of individuals and groups. This article presents a theoretical framework for an integral approach to substance abuse that expands on the existing biopsychosocial model. One contribution of the model is an integrated approach to spirituality from a cross-cultural perspective. This integral approach examines substance abuse etiology and treatment from a four-quadrant perspective adapted from the work of Ken Wilber, and incorporates concepts from integrative medicine and transpersonal psychology/psychiatry. Implications of the model are explored. PMID:16480163

Amodia, Diana S; Cano, Carol; Eliason, Michele J

2005-12-01

151

Animal Abuse, Family Violence, and Child Wellbeing: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal abuse and family violence appear to be “linked” and tend to co-occur in the same households. Companion animals are\\u000a often regarded as family members, if not by the abuser, then by others within the family. Consequently, in families where\\u000a any given form of violence exists, animal abuse is also more likely to exist. This paper examines animal abuse in

Samara McPhedran

2009-01-01

152

Genetic and perinatal effects of abused substances  

SciTech Connect

This book provides an overview of the effects of several abused drugs, including opiates, cannabinoids, alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, with special emphasis on the actions of these substances at the molecular and cellular levels. The first half deals with genetic effects, including molecular genetics, biochemical genetics, pharmacogenetics, cytogenetics, and genetic toxicity. The second half focuses on perinatal effects and covers: drug abuse during pregnancy; biochemical aspects of marihuana on male reproduction; and long-term behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of perinatal alcohol exposure.

Brande, M.C.; Zimmerman, A.M.

1987-01-01

153

Substance Abuse among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7–8 million people in the US with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform prevention and treatment efforts for them. Although available research could inform future research efforts, studies are scattered across disciplines with the last review synthesizing findings written more than five years ago. To consider more recent findings with earlier works, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar were searched and produced 37 peer-reviewed texts across multiple disciplines, 15 from 2006 or later. While the prevalence of alcohol and illicit drug use in this population are low, the risk of having a substance-related problem among ID substance users is comparatively high. Gaps in the research and population subgroups that warrant special attention are identified, such as individuals with borderline and mild ID, individuals with co-occurring mental illness, and individuals who are incarcerated. Compared with substance abusers without ID, ID substance abusers are less likely to receive substance abuse treatment or remain in treatment. Research is needed to better gauge the magnitude of substance use problems, identify prevention strategies, and specify treatment components that meet the unique needs of individuals with ID. PMID:22502840

Carroll Chapman, Shawna L.; Wu, Li-Tzy

2012-01-01

154

Substance abuse among individuals with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7-8 million people in the U.S. with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform prevention and treatment efforts for them. Although available research could inform future research efforts, studies are scattered across disciplines with the last review synthesizing findings written more than five years ago. To consider more recent findings with earlier works, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar were searched and produced 37 peer-reviewed texts across multiple disciplines, 15 from 2006 or later. While the prevalence of alcohol and illicit drug use in this population are low, the risk of having a substance-related problem among ID substance users is comparatively high. Gaps in the research and population subgroups that warrant special attention are identified, such as individuals with borderline and mild ID, individuals with co-occurring mental illness, and individuals who are incarcerated. Compared with substance abusers without ID, ID substance abusers are less likely to receive substance abuse treatment or remain in treatment. Research is needed to better gauge the magnitude of substance use problems, identify prevention strategies, and specify treatment components that meet the unique needs of individuals with ID. PMID:22502840

Carroll Chapman, Shawna L; Wu, Li-Tzy

2012-01-01

155

Prevention of substance abuse: a brief overview  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in psychosocial research and neurosciences have provided new avenues for prevention of substance abuse at the individual and community level. A series of risk and protective factors affecting the likelihood of using and abusing substances have been identified. The scope of prevention has been broadened, allowing the prescription of different interventions for individuals according to their varying degrees of vulnerability to substance experimentation, continuous use and dependence. An increased awareness of comorbidity between mental and substance use disorders provides an arena for prevention within psychiatry and related disciplines. Emphasis on program evaluation has helped identify cost effective programs and policies. The integration of prevention within healthy life style policies and programs, including interventions at the school, family and community levels, is more likely to produce the desired outcomes. PMID:16633497

MEDINA-MORA, MARIA ELENA

2005-01-01

156

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use  

E-print Network

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Functions Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee (SUAAC) is advisory to the President on campus substance use and abuse issues. The committee shall plan and coordinate

Sze, Lawrence

157

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance  

E-print Network

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Functions Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee (SUAAC) is advisory to the President on campus substance use and abuse issues. The committee shall plan and coordinate

Sze, Lawrence

158

Substance abuse: the designer drugs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drug abuse can be defined as the use of a chemical in an inappropriate way or in an inappropriate amount to achieve a desired pharmacologic effect. Family physicians should be able to recognize the signs of designer drug use. These drugs, synthetic derivatives of existing federally controlled drugs, are currently very popular. They are produced by illegal laboratories and sold

Diane K. Beebe; Elizabeth Walley

159

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 18 (2000) 2328 0740-5472/00/$ see front matter 1999 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.  

E-print Network

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 18 (2000) 23­28 0740-5472/00/$ ­ see front matter © 1999 in clients entering substance abuse treatment Caroline J. Easton, Ph.D.*, Suzanne Swan, Ph.D., Rajita Sinha evaluated 105 clients who were assessed for substance-related problems and a history of domestic violence

Almor, Amit

160

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

2012-10-01

161

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

2010-10-01

162

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

2013-10-01

163

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

2011-10-01

164

Substance Abuse and Prison Recidivism: Themes from Qualitative Interviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative analysis explores the role of substance abuse in reentry from prison to society. Participants who recidivated (N = 20) in an urban prison system identified substance abuse as their primary reason for recidivism. Treatment implications are discussed.

Phillips, Lindsay A.

2010-01-01

165

Characteristics of Pregnant Teen Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions  

MedlinePLUS

... admissions aged 12 to 19 were admitted to substance abuse treatment annually; of these, 4.0 percent ( ... lack of access to health care. 2,6 Substance abuse treatment provides an important opportunity to halt ...

166

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration was established in 1992 and "leads Federal efforts to treat mental illnesses by promoting mental health and by preventing the development or worsening of mental illness when possible". To that end, the agency has created this website to provide information about its ongoing programs, along with offering information for the public who may be curious or concerned about these issues. Practitioners and the public will appreciate the well-organized Publications area which is organized thematically and includes topics such as preventions, disaster, and the elderly. The site also has a complete listing of related activities, such as the youth violence prevention initiative and the Center of Women, Violence and Trauma.

2007-03-12

167

A proposed intergenerational model of substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse\\/neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the link between substance abuse and child maltreatment has been relatively well established, there is a general recognition that this is not a simple cause-effect relationship. The current study explored the relationships among substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse\\/neglect in a sample of incarcerated substance abusers. Data were gathered on the earlier life experiences of 81 men and women

Michael J. Sheridan

1995-01-01

168

An Integrated Theoretical Model of Sibling Violence and Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on three theoretical perspectives (feminist, conflict, and social learning), an integrated analytical model of adolescence sibling violence and abuse is proposed. The model suggests that certain characteristics of the parents' relationship, various aspects of parent–child relations, and characteristics of the sibling relationship are major components in explaining sibling violence and abuse. These are mediated by individual sibling characteristics and

Kristi L. Hoffman; John N. Edwards

2004-01-01

169

Resources: Substances and Alcohol Abuse Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist schools and community organizations in implementing the 1984 Navajo Nation Education Policy on Substance and Alcohol Abuse, the Monitoring-Evaluation and Technical Assistance office has identified resources, materials, and operational programs that should be helpful in the development of programs to prevent and combat the enormous…

Biakeddy, Eddie; Yazzie, Arnold D.

170

Teaching Children Affected by Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents and describes six effective teaching strategies for use with children affected by substance abuse before birth. This introduction provides information on the scope of the problem and the educational implications. It is noted that even without intervention when the child is still very young, teachers can improve the educational…

Grollman, Sharon; Brady, Joanne P.

171

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

172

Substance Abuse Treatment Provider Views of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mandates for culturally competent substance abuse and mental health services call for behavioral health providers to recognize and engage cultural issues. These efforts to incorporate culture typically focus on client culture, but provider views of culture can also influence the provision of services. Analysis of 42 semistructured interviews with behavioral health providers suggests that culture is considered by many to

Gilbert A. Quintero; Elizabeth Lilliott; Cathleen Willging

2007-01-01

173

Medical marijuana users in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The rise of authorized marijuana use in the U.S. means that many individuals are using cannabis as they concurrently engage in other forms of treatment, such as substance abuse counseling and psychotherapy. Clinical and legal decisions may be influenced by findings that suggest marijuana use during treatment serves as an obstacle to treatment success, compromises treatment integrity, or increases

Ronald Swartz

2010-01-01

174

Comprehensive Substance Abuse Prevention Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the Glendale Unified School District's (California) comprehensive drug, alcohol, and tobacco education program. The program is based on three components: (1) a sequential outcome-based curriculum that provides students with knowledge about substance abuse and peer-resistant skills; (2) a strong message that the possession,…

Empey, Donald W.

175

Substance Abuse Prevention in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a Searchlight Plus document, an informational analysis paper based on a computer search of the ERIC database from 1966 through November 1985 and on pertinent outside resources. This paper reviews, analyzes, and interprets the literature on the topic of substance abuse prevention in schools and points out the implications of the information…

Lachance, Laurie L.

176

Physician Substance Abuse: Prevention through Reeducation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physicians may be more likely to experience substance abuse problems because of drug availability, difficulty of detection, peer reluctance to address the problem, and lack of regulatory means in state licensing boards and hospitals. Effective identification and treatment require a major change in how the medical profession views and addresses…

Martin, Kathleen O'Kane; Mazmanian, Paul E.

1990-01-01

177

Preventing Substance Abuse: An Elementary School Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to be used by teachers in elementary schools with the Public Broadcasting Systems series "Moyers on Addiction: Close to Home." The series explores the science, treatment, prevention, and politics of addiction. This booklet discusses strategies for preventing substance abuse in elementary school. Also examined are ways to…

Alsup, Ben; Boundy, Donna; Brown, Jordan; Reisman, David; Rothbart, Betty

178

An Holistic Approach to Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to describe a model outpatient substance abuse treatment program. This program is designed to provide patients with not only traditional modalities of treatment such as individual, group, and family therapy, but also to provide an opportunity for patients to express thoughts and feelings through holistic modalities. These modalities include dance\\/movement therapy, Tai Chi, art

Kathy T. Breslin; Maria R. Reed; Sandra B. Malone

2003-01-01

179

Short Communication Substance abuse as a dynamical disease  

E-print Network

Short Communication Substance abuse as a dynamical disease: Evidence and clinical implications of substance abuse by fitting a nonlinear model to a time series of the amount of alcohol, which an adult male with a diagnosis of substance abuse consumed on a daily basis. The nonlinear model shows a statistically superior

Sprott, Julien Clinton

180

34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule  

E-print Network

34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Page 1 of 11 UNIVERSITY RULE 34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Approved January 13, 1999 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Page 2 of 11 2. Safety-Sensitive Function(s) 2

181

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY AND CAMPUS PLAN The use and appeal procedures are outlined in the student handbook, Resources #12;UMBC Substance Abuse Policy to the University Policy on Substance Abuse, all employees of the University, including student employees

Adali, Tulay

182

Treatment of substance abuse in severely mentally ill patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse is the most common comorbid complication of severe mental illness. Current clinical research converges on several emerging principles of treatment that address the scope, pace, intensity, and structure of dual-diagnosis programs. They include a) assertive outreach to facilitate engagement and participation in substance abuse treatment, b) close monitoring to provide structure and social reinforcement, c) integrating substance abuse

Robert E. Drake; Stephen J. Bartels; Gregory B. Teague; Douglas L. Noordsy; Robin E. Clark

1993-01-01

183

Secondary School Experiences of Male Recovering Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: Adolescents who begin abusing substances, including alcohol, prescription drugs, and illegal drugs often fail in school suffering life-altering consequences (Cox, Zhang, Johnson, & Bender, 2007). While plentiful research exists on substance abuse, there is a dearth of research on the school experiences of recovering substance abusers.…

Maher, Rebecca C.

2012-01-01

184

Family Practice Physicians: Training Needs in Regards to Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family medicine physicians were surveyed about their knowledge of substance abuse and wishes for continuing education. Results showed 10% had no substance abuse training in medical school, 15% had none during residency, and 21% had no continuing education on substance abuse. Most preferred continuing education programs as part of an annual…

Eliason, Michele J.; Skinstad, Anne Helene

2002-01-01

185

Addressing Trauma in Substance Abuse Treatment with American Indian Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse among American Indian adolescents is a serious problem that frequently continues into adulthood. Therefore, it is important to investigate all potential means of prevention and treatment of substance abuse that might improve the physical and psychological health it undermines. This paper examines the prevalence of substance abuse and its potential relationships with physical\\/emotional trauma or loss that occurs

Norma Gray

1998-01-01

186

Workplace managed care: Collaboration for substance abuse prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the history, purpose, and overall methodology of the Workplace Managed Care (WMC) study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP). This study was initiated to discern best practices for workplaces and managed care organizations integrating their substance abuse prevention and early intervention programs, strategies, and activities for employees

Deborah M. Galvin

2000-01-01

187

Heart rate variability biofeedback in adolescent substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

Strategies are needed to improve adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes. For example, during outpatient substance abuse treatment, up to 80% of adolescents continue to use.(1),(2) Following residential substance abuse treatment, 88% of adolescents relapse within 6 months.(3.) PMID:24381821

Thurstone, Chris; Lajoie, Travis

2013-01-01

188

Substance Abuse and Schizophrenia: A Health Maintenance Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abuse of alcohol or other substances by schizophrenic patients seriously undermines effective treatment. To document the extent of substance abuse among schizophrenic patients hospitalized in one Veterans Administration Hospital, medical records of 100 patients were reviewed. The results revealed that 54 patients had recent substance abuse, with…

Damron, Susan W.; Simpson, William R.

189

Temperament of Juvenile Delinquents with History of Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The etiological factors and interrelations of juvenile delinquents, with psy- chiatric morbidity and substance abuse have been continuously debated. Cloninger's Tridimensional Theory of Temperament has been reported to predict patterns of substance abuse and comorbidity. In the current study, we aimed to examine the usability of the theory in predicting juvenile delinquen- cy and substance abuse. Methods: Sixty consecutive

Hsueh-Ling Chang; Sue-Huei Chen; Chien Huang

190

Integrated Group Treatment of Women's Substance Abuse and Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse and trauma co-occur at very high rates among women in clinical settings. However, clinical programs that address both problems are rare, due in part to knowledge deficits and attitudinal barriers in both substance abuse and mental health treatment settings. We describe core competencies for clinicians who treat women with co-occurring substance abuse and trauma, and some of the

Jonathan Krejci; Judith Margolin; Marcy Rowland; Catherine Wetzell

2008-01-01

191

Substance Abuse by Youth and Young Adults in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Addressing substance abuse in rural America requires extending our understanding beyond urban-rural comparisons to how substance abuse varies across rural communities of different sizes. We address this gap by examining substance abuse prevalence across 4 geographic levels, focusing on youth (age 12-17 years) and young adults (age 18-25…

Lambert, David; Gale, John A.; Hartley, David

2008-01-01

192

Family violence, abuse, and related family issues of incarcerated delinquents with alcoholic parents compared to those with nonalcoholic parents.  

PubMed

Experts in the fields of child development, psychology, and criminology agree that family system variables play a key role in the development of delinquent and other deviant behaviors. Professionals in the field of substance abuse estimate that there may be at least 22 million children who have been or are currently being raised in homes with substance-abusing parents. Many studies have documented the relationships between being raised in such an environment and a variety of emotional and deviant characteristics. These individuals have been found to suffer from low self-esteem, depression, anger, and a variety of acting-out behaviors. This study investigated the differences between incarcerated juveniles from substance-abusing families and those from non-substances-abusing families. Significant differences were found in the areas of family violence, abuse; runaway, and self-reported substance abuse. PMID:7676881

McGaha, J E; Leoni, E L

1995-01-01

193

The Effects of Exposure to Violence and Victimization across Life Domains on Adolescent Substance Use  

PubMed Central

Objective This study uses longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to examine the effects of exposure to school violence, community violence, child abuse, and parental intimate partner violence (IPV) on youths’ subsequent alcohol and marijuana use. We also examine the cumulative effects of being exposed to violence across these domains. Methods Longitudinal data were obtained from 1,655 adolescents and their primary caregivers participating in the PHDCN. The effects of adolescents’ exposure to various forms of violence across different life domains were examined relative to adolescents’ frequency of alcohol and marijuana use three years later. Multivariate statistical models were employed to control for a range of child, parent, and family risk factors. Results Exposure to violence in a one-year period increased the frequency of substance use three years later, though the specific relationships between victimization and use varied for alcohol and marijuana use. Community violence and child abuse, but not school violence or exposure to IPV, were predictive of future marijuana use. None of the independent measures of exposure to violence significantly predicted future alcohol use. Finally, the accumulation of exposure to violence across life domains was detrimental to both future alcohol and marijuana use. Conclusion The findings support prior research indicating that exposure to multiple forms of violence, across multiple domains of life, negatively impacts adolescent outcomes, including substance use. The findings also suggest that the context in which exposure to violence occurs should be considered in future research, since the more domains in which youth are exposed to violence, the fewer “safe havens” they have available. Finally, a better understanding of the types of violence youth encounter and the contexts in which these experiences occur can help inform intervention efforts aimed at reducing victimization and its negative consequences. PMID:23743232

Wright, Emily M.; Fagan, Abigail A.; Pinchevsky, Gillian M.

2013-01-01

194

Long-term correlates of childhood abuse among adults with severe mental illness: adult victimization, substance abuse, and HIV sexual risk behavior.  

PubMed

The prevalence of childhood sexual and physical abuse among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is disproportionately high. Adults with SMI also engage in high rates of HIV risk behaviors. This study examined the association between childhood abuse and adult victimization, substance abuse, and lifetime HIV sexual risk in a sample of 152 adults with SMI receiving community mental health services. Structured interviews assessed psychiatric, psychosocial, and behavioral risk factors. Seventy percent reported childhood physical and/or sexual abuse, and 32% reported both types of abuse. Participants with childhood abuse were more likely to report adult victimization and greater HIV risk. A structural equation model found that childhood abuse was directly and indirectly associated with HIV risk through drug abuse and adult vicitimization. Integrated treatment approaches that address interpersonal violence and substance abuse may be necessary for HIV risk reduction in this population. PMID:17968646

Meade, Christina S; Kershaw, Trace S; Hansen, Nathan B; Sikkema, Kathleen J

2009-04-01

195

Occupational turnover intentions among substance abuse counselors  

PubMed Central

This study examined predictor, moderator, and mediator variables of occupational turnover intention (OcTI) among substance abuse counselors. Data were obtained via questionnaires from 929 counselors working in 225 private substance abuse treatment (SAT) programs across the U.S. Hierarchical multiple regression models were conducted to assess predictor, moderator, and mediator variables of OcTI. OcTI scores were relatively low on a 7-point scale, indicating that very few counselors definitely intended to leave the SAT field. Age, certification, positive perceptions of procedural and distributive justice, and hospital-based status negatively predicted OcTI. Counselors’ substance use disorder impacted history moderated the association between organizational commitment and OcTI. Organizational turnover intention partially mediated the link between organizational commitment and OcTI. Workforce stability might be achieved by promoting perceptions of advantages to working in a particular treatment program, organizational commitment, showing appreciation for counselors’ work, and valuing employees from diverse backgrounds. PMID:20947285

Rothrauff, Tanja C.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Bride, Brian E.; Roman, Paul M.

2010-01-01

196

Female Physicians and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

As with women in general, the vicissitudes of the female physician who suffers from a substance use disorder have been understudied, and such persons remain underrepresented in treatment. The purpose of the present study is to describe the similarities and differences between female and male physicians presenting for assessment; 108 physicians in total were included in the study, 10 of

Mark P. McGovern; Daniel H. Angres; Nina D. Uziel-Miller; Scott Leon

1998-01-01

197

Psychometric vs. attentional correlates of early onset alcohol and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent inpatients with a diagnosis of alcohol abuse (n=28), nonalcohol substance abuse disorders (n=15), or psychiatric disorders without substance abuse (n=46) were examined on measures of attentional, intellectual, and personality functioning. High scores on a personality measure, the Substance Abuse Proclivity Scale (SAP), was the best predictor of substance abuse in general. Alcohol abusers were differentiated from other substance abusers

David L. Pogge; John Stokes; Philip D. Harvey

1992-01-01

198

Differences in Legal Characteristics Between Caucasian and African-American Women Diverted Into Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

In this exploratory study, we examined differences in the legal characteristics of Caucasian and African-American female offenders (n = 122) who were diverted into substance abuse treatment, to identify any racial disparities. We also examined the differences between groups in demographics and in substance abuse, family, and violence histories. In terms of legal characteristics, the results showed that African-American female offenders were significantly more likely to have been incarcerated at the time of their substance dependency evaluation than were Caucasian female offenders. Also, African-American women were more likely to have served 13 months for the current legal charge in comparison to the 4 months served by Caucasian women, although no differences were found between groups in the severity of the current legal charge. Comparison of demographics and substance abuse, family, and violence histories indicated that African-American women were more likely to be undereducated, crack cocaine dependent, and overly exposed to violence. Overall, the sample of female offenders evidenced severe substance dependency problems, a strong need for inpatient substance abuse treatment, and chronic legal and social difficulties. Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to unbalanced sentencing policies and increasing awareness of the treatment needs of this unique population. PMID:21389168

Scott, Melanie C.; Edwards, Laurie; Lussier, Lauren R.; Devine, Susan; Easton, Caroline J.

2013-01-01

199

Women arrested for partner violence and substance use: an exploration of discrepancies in the literature.  

PubMed

Discrepancies exist in research examining substance problems within groups of women arrested for intimate partner violence (IPV). In some studies women IPV arrestees have been found to be at high risk for substance-related problems, whereas in others they are found to be at low risk for substance-related problems. The current study explores these discrepancies then compares a sample of women court ordered to a domestic violence diversion program (n = 78) to a matched sample of men (n = 78) in the same program using police report information, self-report measures, the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3, and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III alcohol and drug subscales. Women IPV arrestees had a low occurrence of substance use during the arresting incident, a low incidence of substance-related diagnoses, and fewer substance-related problems than did men IPV arrestees. However, women demonstrated personality structures susceptible to nondiagnosable, hazardous drinking patterns. PMID:18391060

Simmons, Catherine A; Lehmann, Peter; Cobb, Norman

2008-06-01

200

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence in Families of Children Seen for Suspected Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed families of children seen in a sexual abuse evaluation clinic regarding domestic violence in the child's home and physical and sexual abuse during childhood among the mothers. Domestic violence occurred in 54% (216\\/402) of the children's homes; 28% (111\\/392) of mothers reported childhood physical abuse, and 42% (167\\/395) reported sexual abuse. There were no differences in the rates

Kathryn Bowen

2000-01-01

201

[Is substance abuse among physicians a problem?].  

PubMed

In today's medical community, there is growing concern about substance use among physicians, not only because of their own health, but also because of the potential adverse effects on their clinical practices. Physicians affect public health both by treatment and preventive studies and as role models. Prevalence data concerning substance abuse are generally lacking. There is no consensus on the rates of substance abuse being higher among physicians than among the general public. Physicians are less likely to smoke cigarettes and use illicit substances (like marijuana, cocaine and heroin) and more likely to use alcohol and two types of prescription medications--benzodiazepines and minor opioids--compared with their age groups. Doctors are at special risk of developing addiction problems owing to the strain of medical practice, erosion of the taboo against injecting and using opiates, and particularly access to supplies. The most common precipitating factors mentioned are physical pain and illness, usually chronic, with family tragedy such as death of a wife or child next. The third most common factor is an addicted wife. Stress, overwork and marital problems are also mentioned. No data were found about physicians' substance use in Turkey. This article generally aims to review the knowledge on the prevalence of substance use among physicians, the drug of choice, the development of dependence, the treatment and prognosis and to discuss the importance of this issue by evaluating three cases treated at the Alcohol and Drug Addiction Treatment and Research Center (AMATEM), Bakirköy State Hospital for Mental and Neurological Diseases. PMID:12794659

Akvardar, Yildiz; Türkcan, Ahmet; Cakmak, Duran

2002-01-01

202

Behavior problems in sons and daughters of substance abusing parents.  

PubMed

Information to address the question of whether sex specific features exist in behavioral characteristics of children of substance abusing parents was gathered from the records of a large number of hospital treated youth. There was a trend for sons of substance abusing parents to have more conduct disorder diagnoses in association with severe aggressive/destructive behavior than sons of non substance abusing parents. Girls of substance abusing parents generally were more likely to have attention deficit/hyperactive, aggressive and conduct disorder problems than girls of non substance abusing parents. PMID:1490400

Gabel, S; Shindledecker, R

1992-01-01

203

ROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON VERBAL AND PHYSICAL ABUSE (VIOLENCE)  

E-print Network

ROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON VERBAL AND PHYSICAL ABUSE (VIOLENCE) POLICY AND PROCEDURE to be taken where verbal and/or physical abuse may present an identifiable risk. The College has a Harassment'. Verbal abuse and threats are the most common types of incident, with physical attacks being comparatively

Royal Holloway, University of London

204

Sensation Seeking, Substance Abuse, and Psychopathology in Treatment-Seeking and Community Cocaine Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensation seeking, substance abuse severity, and psychiatric disorders were systematically assessed in a clinical and a community sample of 335 cocaine abusers. In contrast to low-sensation-seeking cocaine abusers, high-sensation seekers exhibited more severe symptoms of substance abuse, exhibited more severe psychosocial impairment, were more likely to be polysubstance abusers, and had an earlier age of onset for substance use and

Samuel A. Ball; Kathleen M. Carroll; Bruce J. Rounsaville

1994-01-01

205

Analytical aspects of volatile substance abuse (VSA).  

PubMed

Through a case report, the authors illustrate the volatile substance abuse (VSA) toxicological investigation difficulties mainly due to evaporation of the compounds from postmortem samples and to the lack of reference data for interpretation. A 17-year-old man, student in a chemistry institute, was found dead with a plastic bag placed over his head. Several chemical substances were found in his belongings. Autopsy findings included serious pulmonary lesions and hemorrhagic digestive ulcerations. A large screening of drugs and toxic compounds and selective analyses for several classes of drugs of abuse were carried out in the autopsy samples. In particular, a headspace (HS), -gas chromatography/-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) technique was used to screen for volatile substances and metabolites in the biological samples and for residues of volatile substances on the surface of the plastic bag and in the chemicals found on the scene. The main analytical finding was the presence of alkanes (heptane, methyl-2-pentane, methyl-3-hexane, methylcyclohexane) in the gastric content. The literature data, VSA practices, long time-delay between death and autopsy, preservation conditions of the biological samples before analysis, and in-lab experiments on evaporation of volatile substances were considered to interpret this result. The present fatality was attributed to VSA with a gasoline-based stain remover like "eau écarlate," associated with a hypoxic recreation practice using a plastic bag. PMID:12877311

Gaulier, Jean-Michel; Tonnay, Véronique; Faict, Thierry; Sayer, Hervé; Marquet, Pierre; Lachâtre, Gérard

2003-07-01

206

Women prisoners, mental health, violence and abuse.  

PubMed

This article examines the specific experiences of women in prison, focusing on previous (and continuing) physical and mental abuse, the consequent health care requirements of women prisoners, the policy response and the availability of suitable health care in prisons across the EU. It draws from an extensive review of the literature on women prisoners across Europe that was part of an on-going European Project funded by the DAPHNE programme of the European Commission, entitled 'DAPHNE Strong'. It also uses the field research from the project collected via surveys and in-depth interviews with key personnel in organisations that work with women prisoners or ex-prisoners and staff with a strategic overview of activity from the ministries of justice, police, prison service and women's support organisations. There are probably many more women prisoners with a history of domestic abuse than is officially recognised. Many of the women prison population who have experienced violence and abuse mask this by problematic drug or alcohol use as well as self-injury. These are key areas that training for prison staff needs to address. The availability of services for this group of women is inconsistent within and between countries of the EU. The political will to address the situation of women in prison, as distinct from the norms applied to men, is variable and it seems to take the determined efforts of active lobby groups to make inroads into an area of latent inertia. PMID:23642339

Macdonald, Morag

2013-01-01

207

World Health Organization's Management of Substance Abuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the larger World Health Organization's (WHO) site this section on the management of substance abuse has a variety of useful information for students, teachers and those practicing in the field. Some of the most useful are several resources related to terminology and classifications including the WHO lexicon of alcohol and drug terms. The lexicon, developed in 1994, supplies clinicians, researchers and other users with a set of definitions of terms related to tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. Also available is a Facts and Figures section which provides users with basic information about the use and misuse of alcohol and other drugs worldwide. The Activities pages allow users to get a glimpse into the research that WHO is currently undertaking that is related to substance abuse. Sections on publications, research tools, and other links round out this very useful site.

2006-11-28

208

Violence during pregnancy and substance use.  

PubMed Central

Violent incidents were assessed as part of a prospective study of 1,243 pregnant women. Participants were predominantly poor, urban, minority group women. Seven percent (n = 92) of women reported physical or sexual violence during pregnancy. Most of the women (94 percent) knew their assailant. Victims of violence were at greater risk of having a history of depression and attempted suicide, having more current depressive symptoms, reporting less happiness about being pregnant, and receiving less emotional support from others for the current pregnancy. Comparisons of victims and non-victims showed that victims were more likely to be users of alcohol and drugs. In addition, partners of victims were more likely to use marijuana and cocaine. When possible confounders were controlled using multivariable analyses, a woman's alcohol use during pregnancy and her partner's drug use were independently associated with an increased risk of being a victim of violence during pregnancy. Results of this study highlight the importance of assessing exposure to violence during prenatal care, especially among women who are heavy users of alcohol or drugs or whose partners use these substances. PMID:2327535

Amaro, H; Fried, L E; Cabral, H; Zuckerman, B

1990-01-01

209

Modeling Treatment Motivation in Substance-Abusing Women with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Children are often considered a primary motivator for women seeking substance abuse treatment. This study tested a model predicting treatment motivation in substance-abusing mothers. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS). It used structural equation modeling to describe factors…

Wilke, Dina J.; Kamata, Akihito; Cash, Scottye J.

2005-01-01

210

Substance abuse and rehabilitation: responding to the global burden of diseases attributable to substance abuse  

PubMed Central

Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use are pervasive throughout the world. Substance use problems are among the major contributors to the global disease burden, which includes disability and mortality. The benefits of treatment far outweigh the economic costs. Despite the availability of treatment services, however, the vast majority of people with substance use disorders do not seek or use treatment. Barriers to and unmet need for evidence-based treatment are widespread even in the United States. Women, adolescents, and young adults are especially vulnerable to adverse effects from substance abuse, but they face additional barriers to getting evidence-based treatment or other social/medical services. Substance use behaviors and the diseases attributable to substance use problems are preventable and modifiable. Yet the ever-changing patterns of substance use and associated problems require combined research and policy-making efforts from all parts of the world to establish a viable knowledge base to inform for prevention, risk-reduction intervention, effective use of evidence-based treatment, and rehabilitation for long-term recovery. The new international, open-access, peer-reviewed Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation (SAR) journal strives to provide an effective platform for sharing ideas for solutions and disseminating research findings globally. Substance use behaviors and problems have no boundaries. The journal welcomes papers from all regions of the world that address any aspect of substance use, abuse/dependence, intervention, treatment, and policy. The “open-access” journal makes cutting edge knowledge freely available to practitioners and researchers worldwide, and this is particularly important for addressing the global disease burden attributable to substance abuse. PMID:21709730

Wu, Li-Tzy

2010-01-01

211

Advancing Prevention Research on Child Abuse, Youth Violence, and Domestic Violence: Emerging Strategies and Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevention research on the related problems of child abuse, youth violence, and domestic violence has grown at an accelerating pace in recent years. In this context, a set of shared methodological issues has emerged as investigators seek to advance the interpersonal violence prevention knowledge base. This article considers some of the persistent…

Guterman, Neil B.

2004-01-01

212

Assessment of Substance Abuse in Psychotherapy Clients: The Effectiveness of the MMPI2 Substance Abuse Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–2 (MMPI-2) contains 3 scales, the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale—Revised (MAC–R), the Addiction Potential Scale (APS), and the Addiction Acknowledgement Scale (AAS), that were developed to identify alcohol and drug abusing individuals. The current study was designed to measure the effectiveness of these scales at detecting substance abuse problems in a community-based mental health sample. MAC–R, APS,

Steven V. Rouse; James N. Butcher; Kathryn B. Miller

1999-01-01

213

Animal abuse and exposure to interparental violence in Italy: assessing the cycle of Violence in youngsters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abuse against animals is an indicator of children’s maladjustment associated with\\u000adomestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to\\u000ainterparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results\\u000aindicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved\\u000athan girls. Almost half of the whole sample has been

A. C. Baldry

2003-01-01

214

Animal abuse and exposure to interparental violence in Italy: assessing the cycle of violence in youngsters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abuse against animals is an indicator of children’s maladjustment associated with\\u000adomestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to\\u000ainterparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results\\u000aindicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved\\u000athan girls. Almost half of the whole sample has been

A. C. Baldry

2004-01-01

215

Behavior problems in sons and daughters of substance abusing parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information to address the question of whether sex specific features exist in behavioral characteristics of children of substance abusing parents was gathered from the records of a large number of hospital treated youth. There was a trend for sons of substance abusing parents to have more conduct disorder diagnoses in association with severe aggressive\\/destructive behavior than sons of non substance

Stewart Gabel; Richard Shindledecker

1992-01-01

216

Risk Factors in Adolescent Substance Abuse: Treatment and Management Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses research on adolescent substance abuse risk factors and their role in the management of adolescent substance abuse disorders. A selective literature review suggests specific intervention strategies; no generic approach fits all adolescent substance-use clients. Effective techniques require individual assessments, including the context in…

Thomas, Connie S.; Schandler, Steven L.

1996-01-01

217

Substance Abuse Counseling and Interventions 3 credits CO PSY 520  

E-print Network

#12;#12;1 Syllabus Substance Abuse Counseling and Interventions 3 credits CO PSY 520 Summer to provide counseling students with an introduction to the field of substance abuse counseling. The primary goals for the course are to increase students understanding of substance use disorders

Collins, Gary S.

218

School-Based Interventions for Students with Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experimentation with substances is typical for many young people, but unfortunately some will go on to develop substance abuse problems that substantially affect their lives. Successfully intervening with students who use or abuse substances is a challenge for school mental health professionals across the nation. There is a need for evidence-based…

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Jenson, William R.; Clark, Elaine

2009-01-01

219

The role of ethnicity in substance abuse.  

PubMed

Ethnicity can be a confusing concept. In part, it includes inherited characteristics such as race. Certain other aspects are learned, such as religion, language, attitudes, values, or customs. National origin of oneself or one's kin can be a component of ethnicity. Group affiliation and participation in certain ritual and ceremony are also involved in ethnicity. Substance abuse and dependence may undermine certain aspects of ethnicity and ethnic affiliations, by interfering with traditional values, attitudes, preferred behaviors, and interpersonal relationships. Substance abuse leads to the evolution of new values, attitudes and behaviors. These are remarkably similar (though not identical) from one chemically dependent person to another. In some cases the chemically dependent person remains a social isolate, while in other cases the individual joins with others to create a subculture in which the drug or alcohol centered values, attitudes and behaviors are shared. Treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse--is successful--produces crisis in ethnic identity for many people. Drug centered values and behaviors are directly confronted in the treatment process, and affiliation with alcohol or drug subcultures is specifically undermined. This may create a state of anomie--with its attendant confusion, anxiety, and loss. Out of this turmoil some individuals resume their original, childhood ethnic identities and affiliations (though often more accentuated than before). Others assume new ethnic identities or affiliations. PMID:6516943

Westermeyer, J

1984-01-01

220

The Impact of Domestic Violence and Emotional Abuse on Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of two articles on the impact of emotional abuse and domestic violence on children's psychological functioning and development. In this article, the processes through which exposure to domestic violence affects children's adjustment and development are explored and then applied to clinical interventions. Research and intervention studies are presented. A number of theoretical premises and explanations are

Sandra A. Graham-Bermann; Honore M. Hughes

1999-01-01

221

Can you vaccinate against substance abuse?  

PubMed Central

Vaccines are being developed against substance abuse and most progress has been made with anti-cocaine, nicotine and opiate vaccines, but new ones are being developed for methamphetamine and may be in humans within 18 – 24 months. These haptenated vaccines share a common problem in that only about one-third of those vaccinated get a sufficiently robust antibody titer to enable them to effectively block drug use. This problem is being addressed with better carrier proteins and new adjuvants beyond alum. This review provides details about these developing vaccines that act through pharmacokinetic rather than pharmacodynamics blockade. Due to this pharmacokinetic mechanism of keeping abused drugs in the bloodstream and not allowing them entry into the brain or other organs, these vaccines have very few side effects compared to other blockers used in addictions treatment. PMID:23594123

Kosten, Thomas R; Domingo, Coreen B

2014-01-01

222

Examining the links between animal abuse and human violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research has increasingly found evidence for the coexistence of animal abuse and various forms of interpersonal\\u000a violence. Some researchers have even argued for a specific version of this relationship, namely, that individuals tend to\\u000a move from violence toward animals, particularly in childhood, to subsequent violence toward humans. Others have suggested\\u000a that the evidence for this graduation or progression hypothesis

Clifton P. Flynn

2011-01-01

223

Enhanced Case Management versus Substance Abuse Treatment Alone among Substance Abusers with Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness of enhanced case management for substance abusers with comorbid major depression, which was an integrated approach to care. One hundred and 20 participants admitted to drug treatment who also met Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule criteria for major depression at baseline were randomized to…

Striley, Catherine W.; Nattala, Prasanthi; Ben Abdallah, Arbi; Dennis, Michael L.; Cottler, Linda B.

2013-01-01

224

Addiction and Substance Abuse in Anesthesiology  

PubMed Central

Despite substantial advances in our understanding of addiction and the technology and therapeutic approaches used to fight this disease, addiction still remains a major issue in the anesthesia workplace and outcomes have not appreciably changed. While alcoholism and other forms of impairment such as addiction to other substances and mental illness impact anesthesiologists at similar rates to other professions, as recently as 2005, the drug of choice for anesthesiologists entering treatment was still an opioid. There exists a considerable association between chemical dependence and other psychopathology and successful treatment for addiction is less likely when co-morbid psychopathology is not treated. Individuals under evaluation or treatment for substance abuse should have an evaluation with subsequent management of co-morbid psychiatric conditions. Participation in self-help groups is still considered a vital component in the therapy of the impaired physician, along with regular monitoring if the anesthesiologist wishes to attempt re-entry into clinical practice. PMID:18946304

Bryson, Ethan O.; Silverstein, Jeffrey H.

2009-01-01

225

Sexual orientation, child abuse, and intimate partner violence victimization.  

PubMed

Research has consistently found rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in nonheterosexual relationships to be comparable or higher than rates of IPV in heterosexual relationship. Less is understood about the relationship between child abuse, sexual orientation, and IPV victimization. The role of sexual orientation in the relationship between child abuse and IPV victimization is important to consider given research has found higher rates of childhood abuse among nonheterosexual individuals. In addition, the relationship between child abuse victimization and IPV victimization in adulthood has also been documented. This research extends the literature on IPV by comparing child abuse victimization as a predictor for IPV between heterosexual and nonheterosexual IPV victims. Using the National Violence Against Women Survey, this study used logistic regression models to find partial support for the hypothesis that nonheterosexuals who experience child abuse will be more likely to be IPV victims as adults than similarly situated heterosexuals. PMID:25069148

Koeppel, Maria D H; Bouffard, Leana

2014-01-01

226

Adolescent Experiences Associated with Child Abuse Potential: A Closer Look at Physical Abuse, Witnessing Domestic Violence and Perceived Parental Bond  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between adolescent physical abuse, witnessing domestic violence, perceived parental bond and the potential to abuse was investigated in a longitudinal study of victims of adolescent physical abuse and their non-abused peers. The sample consisted of 67 young adults who were abused as adolescents and 78 young adults who were not. Adolescent physical abuse was determined by substantiated cases

Sara Asher

2010-01-01

227

Substance Abuse Treatment for Children and Adolescents: Questions to Ask  

MedlinePLUS

Substance Abuse Treatment For Children And Adolescents: Questions To Ask Quick Links Facts for Families - Numerical List ... dual diagnosis units for individuals with emotional and substance use problems. The decision to get treatment for ...

228

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Congress established the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 1992 to "target effectively substance abuse and mental health services to the people most in need." SAMHSA also administers a number of block grant programs and data collection activities. On their homepage, visitors can get started by clicking on the "Data" link at the top of the page and reading through the "What We Are Doing" section. Here interested parties will find highlights of recent reports, state-level data on these topics, and a series of mental health statistics reports. The top of their homepage contains additional sections of interest, including "Grants", "Publications", "Data", and "Newsroom". Visitors should also take a look at the "Featured Resource", which is also on the homepage. In addition, many of the site's materials are available in Spanish. Visitors can follow SAMHSA on various social networks including Facebook YouTube, and Twitter, and they can also sign up for their mailing list if they wish to keep up with this valuable organization.

229

Possible Indicators of Childhood Sexual Abuse for Individuals in Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reviewed the charts of 217 patients discharged from two inpatient substance abuse treatment facilities to compare clients with a history of childhood sexual abuse to clients without such a history. Approximately 1\\/3 of the women and 1\\/10 of the men reported that they had been sexually abused as children. Individuals reporting a sexual abuse history differed significantly from

Jacqueline Wallen; Kate Berman

1993-01-01

230

Adolescent Alcohol and Substance Abuse: Parent and Peer Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researched the effects of peer and parent drug usage on substance abuse by the adolescent. Found parent usage correlated with increased adolescent usage, as did parental attitude toward illicit substance use. Supports Kandel's theory of stages of substance use. Shows adolescent substance usage is learned, in part, by modeling and imitation.…

Halebsky, Mark A.

1987-01-01

231

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 19 (2000) 15 0740-5472/00/$ see front matter 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.  

E-print Network

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 19 (2000) 1­5 0740-5472/00/$ ­ see front matter © 2000 substance use among offenders of domestic violence Caroline Easton, Ph.D.*, Suzanne Swan, Ph.D., Rajita, New Haven, CT 06511, USA Received 17 September 1999; accepted 10 November 1999 Abstract Substance use

Almor, Amit

232

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2013-01-01

233

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2010-01-01

234

48 CFR 923.570 - Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites. 923...Workplace 923.570 Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites...DOE's contractor workplace substance abuse programs are promulgated at...

2011-10-01

235

3 CFR 8728 - Proclamation 8728 of October 3, 2011. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of October 3, 2011. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011 8728...2011 Proc. 8728 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011By the...productive lives. During National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, we...

2012-01-01

236

75 FR 44265 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse SUMMARY: Under the provisions...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse. Type of Information Collection...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse, via the Web site...

2010-07-28

237

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2012-01-01

238

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2010-10-01

239

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2011-10-01

240

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

2010-10-01

241

75 FR 74738 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse SUMMARY: Under the provisions...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse. Type of Information Collection...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse, via the Web site...

2010-12-01

242

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

2011-10-01

243

48 CFR 923.570 - Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites. 923...Workplace 923.570 Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites...DOE's contractor workplace substance abuse programs are promulgated at...

2012-10-01

244

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2010-10-01

245

Grant Title: POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES Funding Opportunity Number: NA  

E-print Network

Grant Title: POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES (MHSAS) Funding Opportunity Number: NA Agency/Department: American Psychological Association (APA), Substance Abuse and Mental health and substance abuse services and research. Release and Expiration: NA Application Deadline

Farritor, Shane

246

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

2012-10-01

247

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2012-10-01

248

Grant Title: MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES FELLOWSHIP Funding Opportunity Number: NA  

E-print Network

Grant Title: MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES FELLOWSHIP Funding Opportunity Number: NA Agency/Department: American Psychological Association (APA), Minority Fellowship Program, Substance Abuse to a career in ethnic minority mental health and substance abuse services. This commitment must

Farritor, Shane

249

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

2013-10-01

250

75 FR 44929 - Request for Information Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs for Department of Energy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs for Department of Energy...on issues related to workplace substance abuse programs for its contractor employees...supplements should be added to the substance abuse program; whether medical...

2010-07-30

251

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2011-01-01

252

3 CFR 8879 - Proclamation 8879 of October 1, 2012. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of October 1, 2012. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012 8879...2012 Proc. 8879 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012By the...tragically short, the consequences of substance abuse are profound. Yet, we...

2013-01-01

253

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2013-10-01

254

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2011-10-01

255

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2012-10-01

256

48 CFR 923.570 - Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites. 923...Workplace 923.570 Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites...DOE's contractor workplace substance abuse programs are promulgated at...

2013-10-01

257

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2014-01-01

258

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2013-10-01

259

48 CFR 923.570 - Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites. 923...Workplace 923.570 Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites...DOE's contractor workplace substance abuse programs are promulgated at...

2010-10-01

260

Nearly 40 Percent of Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Report Alcohol-Drug Combinations  

MedlinePLUS

... Set July 24, 2012 Nearly 40 Percent of Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Report Alcohol-Drug Combinations People often ... abuse of alcohol and two other drugs (Figure). Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Aged 12 and Older, by Substances ...

261

75 FR 16487 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...is hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-04-01

262

78 FR 45545 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...hereby given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-07-29

263

78 FR 69702 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-11-20

264

76 FR 36557 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...is hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-06-22

265

45 CFR 96.126 - Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. 96.126 Section 96.126...GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. (a) In order to...

2012-10-01

266

75 FR 16488 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...is hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-04-01

267

45 CFR 96.126 - Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. 96.126 Section 96.126...GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. (a) In order to...

2013-10-01

268

77 FR 43344 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...hereby given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-07-24

269

75 FR 47819 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-08-09

270

75 FR 4577 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-01-28

271

45 CFR 96.126 - Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. 96.126 Section 96.126...GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. (a) In order to...

2011-10-01

272

77 FR 45647 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-08-01

273

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section 707...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2010-01-01

274

77 FR 55482 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-09-10

275

78 FR 45544 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) National Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) National Advisory...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-07-29

276

75 FR 7483 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health [[Page...

2010-02-19

277

76 FR 50236 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...hereby given of the closed meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-08-12

278

76 FR 59710 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-09-27

279

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section 707...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2014-01-01

280

78 FR 52779 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-08-26

281

75 FR 28623 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-05-21

282

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section 707...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2012-01-01

283

75 FR 82408 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...is hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-12-30

284

76 FR 20994 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...of the Web conference meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-04-14

285

45 CFR 96.126 - Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. 96.126 Section 96.126...GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. (a) In order to...

2010-10-01

286

78 FR 37560 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...hereby given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-06-21

287

78 FR 38355 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-06-26

288

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section 707...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2013-01-01

289

78 FR 37560 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-06-21

290

77 FR 1708 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-01-11

291

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section 707...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2011-01-01

292

78 FR 15961 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment National Advisory Council; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment National Advisory Council...is hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-03-13

293

75 FR 38112 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-07-01

294

78 FR 5471 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...92-463, notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-01-25

295

75 FR 8978 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation...of the February 10, 2010 meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-02-26

296

75 FR 11185 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation...of the March 8, 2010 meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-03-10

297

Historical Images and Reviews of Substance Use and Substance Abuse in the Teaching of Addiction Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to discuss how images and historical reviews of substance use and abuse from different time periods can be used to provide a better understanding of the historical background of the discipline. Historical reviews of various substances, as well as approaches to addressing substance abuse at different time periods, and other works can be utilized

Victor B. Stolberg

2009-01-01

298

Historical Images and Reviews of Substance Use and Substance Abuse in the Teaching of Addiction Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss how images and historical reviews of substance use and abuse from different time periods can be used to provide a better understanding of the historical background of the discipline. Historical reviews of various substances, as well as approaches to addressing substance abuse at different time periods, and…

Stolberg, Victor B.

2009-01-01

299

Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Luellen, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

2005-01-01

300

Perceived Multicultural Competency of Certified Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors explored the self-perceived multicultural counseling competencies of substance abuse counselors. Overall, the results indicate that substance abuse counselors perceived themselves to be competent; however, differences existed on the basis of race and educational level. Implications for practice and future research are…

Lassiter, Pamela S.; Chang, Catherine Y.

2006-01-01

301

Prevalence and Pedagogy: Understanding Substance Abuse in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…

Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch

2011-01-01

302

Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Cochrane, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

2006-01-01

303

Special Considerations for Substance Abuse Intervention with Latino Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 10% of Latino youth who are twelve and older are in need of substance abuse treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use. Ethnic differences exist with regard to susceptibility to drug use, attitudes regarding drugs, and drug resistance strategies. The failure of some substance abuse prevention programs can be traced in part to their lack of…

Goldbach, Jeremy T.; Thompson, Sanna J.; Holleran Steiker, Lori K.

2011-01-01

304

Using the Integrated Developmental Model in a Substance Abuse Practicum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse counseling students must become familiar with an overview of the issues involved in counseling. A clear format is needed to present the overview. Unfortunately, there are a limited number of models addressing the unique aspects of substance abuse counseling. However, the Integrated Developmental Model (IDM) developed by…

Anderson, Christopher E.; Bang, Keeyeon

2003-01-01

305

Clinical Variations of Adolescent Substance Abuse: An Empirically Based Typology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to establish and validate a multidimensional empirically based typology of clinically referred adolescent substance abusers. A total of 141 adolescent substance abusers, most of whom were male, African-American, and juvenile justice involved, comprised the study sample. Youth and their parents completed comprehensive assessments at intake to treatment, discharge, and at 6 months and 12 months post-discharge

Cynthia Rowe; Howard Liddle; John Caruso; Gayle Dakof

2004-01-01

306

School/Community-Based Alcoholism/Substance Abuse Prevention Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes school and community efforts to prevent alcoholism and substance abuse among American Indian and Alaskan Native youth. In 1986, the Indian Health Service (IHS) surveyed Bureau of Indian Affairs schools, public schools with large Indian enrollments, and community groups involved in 225 IHS-funded alcohol and substance abuse

Owan, Tom Choken; And Others

307

Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse patterns were reviewed for a group of patients admitted to the Gambling Treatment Program at the Brecksville Veterans Administration Medical Center.A retrospective chart review of 113 consecutively admitted patients between September 2000 and September 2001 found that 66.4% of pathological gamblers had a lifetime history of substance abuse or dependence at some point in their lives. A history

Otto Kausch

2003-01-01

308

Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Referred by Schools: 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2000, about 10 percent (15,000) of substance abuse admissions aged 18 or younger were referred by schools. School-referred youth admissions to substance abuse treatment mostly involved marijuana (56 percent) or alcohol (24 percent) as the primary subst...

2004-01-01

309

First Episode Psychosis, Substance Abuse and Prognosis: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: Twelve studies met inclusion criteria. Compared to FEP patients without substance abuse, patients with substance abuse experienced increased positive symptoms in five out of seven studies; increased risk of relapse in two out of two studies; and increased risk of poor treatment compliance in three out of five studies. Only one of six studies examining negative symptoms found a

Suzanne Archie; Katalin Gyomorey

2009-01-01

310

Policy Report of the Physician Consortium on Substance Abuse Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the recommendations of the Physician Consortium for significantly improving medical education and training to enhance the physician's role in early identification, treatment, and prevention of substance abuse. In addition, the consortium subcommittees report on their examination of substance abuse treatment needs of ethnic and…

Lewis, David C.; Faggett, Walter L.

311

Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Inpatient Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The existing literature indicates high comorbidity rates between depressive disorders and substance abuse disorders. Despite these elevated rates, there is limited empirical work devoted to understanding predictors of depressive symptoms among substance abusers. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of spirituality, believing in God's…

Diaz, Naelys; Green, Diane; Horton, Eloise G.

2009-01-01

312

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment and Juvenile Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Study Aims: There is a large body of literature examining the determinants of juvenile crime, which highlights economic, family, peer, and educational factors associated with delinquency and recidivism, and the important roles of social service and educational systems. Two factors, substance abuse and mental illness are also potentially important. The observed high correlations between crime, substance abuse and

Alison Evans Cuellar; Sara Markowitz; Anne M. Libby

2004-01-01

313

The Need for Substance Abuse Training Among Mental Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines substance abuse as encountered by practitioners in six major mental health professions, from private practice to organizational settings. Respective national professional associations surveyed representative samples of their members, including psychiatrists, psychologists, professional counselors, social workers, marriage and family therapists, and substance abuse counselors. About one in five clients seen in private practice of mental health professionals had

Henrick J. Harwood; Jennifer Kowalski; Ansari Ameen

2004-01-01

314

Substance abuse prevention intervention research with Hispanic populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selected studies with specific relevance to substance abuse prevention interventions with Hispanic youth and families were examined to identify prior findings and emerging issues that may guide the design of future substance abuse prevention intervention research and its implementation with Hispanic populations. The origins of prevention research and role of risk and protective factors are examined, including culturally-specific risk and

Felipe González Castro; Manuel Barrera; Hilda Pantin; Charles Martinez; Maria Felix-Ortiz; Rebeca Rios; Vera A. Lopez; Cristy Lopez

2006-01-01

315

Race, Managed Care, And The Quality Of Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of managed behavioral health care by state Medicaid agencies has the potential to increase the quality of treatment for racial minorities by promoting access to substance abuse treatment and creating more appropriate utilization patterns. This paper examines three indicators of quality for white, Black, and Hispanic Medicaid clients who received substance abuse treatment in Massachusetts between 1992 and

Marilyn C. Daley; Grant A. Ritter; Dominic Hodgkin; Richard H. Beinecke

2005-01-01

316

Substance abuse treatment outcomes for cognitively impaired and intact outpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of cognitive impairment on the efficacy of substance abuse treatment outcome. Alcohol, drug, medical, legal, psychological, employment, and family functioning related treatment outcomes were examined for 26 cognitively impaired and 68 cognitively intact abusing outpatients. Subjects were enrolled in an intensive, 3-week, outpatient program for the treatment of their substance

Gordon Teichner; Michael D Horner; John C Roitzsch; Janice Herron; Angelica Thevos

2002-01-01

317

Effective School-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse among school age youth continues to be a significant and costly problem in U.S. society. Schools are asked with increasing frequency to become involved in finding and implementing solutions. A review of the literature regarding school-based substance abuse prevention programs reveals their evolution from a basic informational…

Hickin, Nancy L.; Christenberry, Nola J.

318

A Unique Program for Preschool Children of Substance Abusers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot program was designed to address the special problems of children of substance abusers. The program was established at the Child Development and Family Guidance Center by Operation PAR, a nationally recognized substance abuse treatment and prevention program. The staff are well-trained preschool professionals who have received special…

Howze, Kate; Howze, Wendell M.

319

Perinatal Substance Abuse Education: A Review of Existing Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnitude of the substance abuse problem in this country requires that health care professionals be appropriately and adequately trained to recognize and care for substance abusing patients, yet didactic and clinical curricular content on the topic remains limited for most of them. Efforts have been made over the past 25 years to develop faculty who have expertise in alcohol,

Barbara A. Redding; Cynthia S. Selleck

1999-01-01

320

Substance abuse among nurses—Intercession and intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

•IT IS NOT EASY to report a coworker who may have a substance abuse problem, so many nurses choose to remain silent about this issue.•THIS ARTICLE PROVIDES suggestions for staff nurses about how to confront a peer, document inappropriate nursing behaviors related to substance abuse, and report these issues to a manager. The manager's role in counseling and intercession with

Debra Dunn

2005-01-01

321

Reflections of a Homeless Population's Lived Experience With Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to describe a homeless population's lived experience with substance abuse. A retrospective descriptive design was used to collect data from a sample of 75 homeless adults participating in a community-based homeless recovery residential program. Each participant was interviewed concerning gender, age, marital status, race, religion, education, employment, substance abuse, family history, psychiatric history, and

John Lowe; Sandra Gibson

2011-01-01

322

Perinatal substance abuse education: A review of existing curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnitude of the substance abuse problem in this country requires that health care professionals be appropriately and adequately trained to recognize and care for substance abusing patients, yet didactic and clinical curricular content on the topic remains limited for most of them. Efforts have been made over the past 25 years to develop faculty who have expertise in alcohol,

Barbara A. Redding; Cynthia S. Selleck

1999-01-01

323

The Marihuana Perception Inventory: The Effects of Substance Abuse Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied 617 high school and college students prior to and after substance abuse instruction to determine relationship between perceptions and demographic characteristics, and to learn whether substance abuse instruction was related to changes in student's perception of relationships. Findings from Marihuana Perception Inventory showed five factors…

Gabany, Steve G.; Plummer, Portia

1990-01-01

324

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH DATA ARCHIVE (SAMHDA)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) is an initiative of the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goal of the archive is to provide re...

325

The Evolution of an Online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of rehabilitation services, substance abuse counseling requires unique skills. Post-baccalaureate academic certificate programs offer professionals an opportunity to retool or expand their skills and meet licensure needs in this evolving field. East Carolina University's online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program was…

Crozier, Mary K.

2012-01-01

326

Ideology and Social Work Practice in Substance Abuse Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses current ideologies of care in the substance abuse arena, including the disease-abstinence, psychosocial, ecological, and harm-reduction approaches. Also examines social work managers' beliefs about substance abuse programs to determine if there are differences between those who have a social work background and those who do not. (RJM)

Burke, Anna Celeste; Clapp, John D.

1997-01-01

327

Substance Abuse in Rural African-American Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More research into illicit substance abuse in rural African-American communities is needed. The existing literature indicates that patterns of use for licit substances (alcohol and cigarettes) are either similar for rural Blacks and Whites or lower for Blacks. However, the negative health and social consequences of smoking and abusive drinking are…

Dawkins, Marvin P.; Williams, Mary M.

328

Substance abuse issues in oral and maxillofacial practice.  

PubMed

Substance abuse has far-reaching consequences for individuals, their families, and the community. Medications with abuse potential play an important role in the management of pain and are widely prescribed by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Reducing the likelihood of abuse and providing appropriate pain management for the known abuser are critical aspects of perioperative patient management. Health care providers are not immune to substance abuse and may, in fact, be at an elevated risk. Identification of impaired providers is essential to help them find the appropriate treatment and counseling and to prevent harm to their patients, family, friends, or associates. PMID:20970719

DeFalco, Robert J; Erlichman, Michael; Tickoo, Sharang; Passik, Steven D

2010-11-01

329

Early Maladaptive Schemas of Substance Abusers and their Intimate Partners  

PubMed Central

The influence of intimate partners in the recovery of substance abuse has been increasingly recognized in the professional literature. Couples-based substance abuse treatment has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing substance abuse and increasing healthy couple functioning. Recently, research has begun to investigate enduring cognitive beliefs that may impact substance abusers and their intimate partners, which could advance our understanding of factors that may impact couple’s functioning. The current study examined the early maladaptive schemas and substance use of a sample of adult substance abusers who have sought residential substance abuse treatment and their intimate partners (N = 102). Results demonstrated that the early maladaptive schemas of patients and their intimate partners may be interrelated and that patients scored significantly higher than their partners on 13 of the 18 early maladaptive schemas. Substance use was only associated with a few early maladaptive schemas. These findings highlight the potential importance of assessing early maladaptive schemas in couples where one partner has a substance abuse problem. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed. PMID:24175492

Shorey, Ryan C.; Anderson, Scott; Stuart, Gregory L.

2014-01-01

330

Health-Related Quality of Life Among Substance Abusers in Residential Drug Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in substance abusers remains an area of inquiry in need of investigation. The few studies\\u000a on the topic have found substance abuser HRQOL less than that of the general population. The present research compared 303\\u000a substance abusers in long-term residential therapeutic community treatment in New York with a general non-institutionalized\\u000a adult sample from New York

Keith Morgen; Janetta Astone-Twerell; Ted Hernitche; Lauren Gunneson; Kaitlyn Santangelo

2007-01-01

331

Does traumatic brain injury increase risk for substance abuse?  

PubMed

Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have resulted in thousands of military personnel suffering traumatic brain injury (TBI), including closed-head injuries. Of interest is whether these individuals and other TBI survivors are at increased risk for substance use disorder (SUD). While it has been well established that drug or alcohol intoxication itself increases probability of suffering a TBI in accidents or acts of violence, little is known about whether the brain insult itself increases the likelihood that a previously non-drug-abusing individual would develop SUD. Might TBI survivors be unusually vulnerable to addiction to opiate analgesics compared to other pain patients? Similarly, it is not known if TBI increases the likelihood of relapse among persons with SUD in remission. We highlight challenges in answering these questions, and review neurochemical and behavioral evidence that supports a causal relationship between TBI and SUD. In this review, we conclude that little is known regarding the directionality of TBI increasing drug abuse, and that collaborative research in this area is critically needed. PMID:19203230

Bjork, James M; Grant, Steven J

2009-07-01

332

Legal challenges for substance abuse treatment during disasters.  

PubMed

Certain groups with preexisting mental and behavioral health conditions, such as substance use disorders, may be especially vulnerable during and shortly after disasters. Researchers have found that substance abuse treatment programs and the individuals they serve experienced major disruptions after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and after Hurricane Katrina. This column considers legal challenges that may arise when a rapid influx of licensed providers is needed for substance abuse treatment during disasters and reviews specific legal issues that disasters may raise for opioid treatment programs. Opportunities to mitigate legal challenges and facilitate substance abuse treatment during disasters are discussed. PMID:22227749

Rutkow, Lainie; Vernick, Jon S; Mojtabai, Ramin; Rodman, Sarah O; Kaufmann, Christopher N

2012-01-01

333

Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who…

Phillips, Susan D.; Gleeson, James P.; Waites-Garrett, Melissa

2009-01-01

334

A family history and direct interview study of the familial aggregation of substance abuse: the adolescent substance abuse study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adolescent substance abuse (ASA) study collected information concerning drug use and psychopathology on male adolescent probands in treatment for substance abuse and also on matched control adolescents, as well as all available family members of both groups. Information was obtained through direct interview and the family history method of assessment. Both methods revealed greater alcohol and drug use, conduct

Donna R Miles; Michael C Stallings; Susan E Young; John K Hewitt; Thomas J Crowley; David W Fulker

1998-01-01

335

Association for medical education and research in substance abuse.  

PubMed

The Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA) is a multi-disciplinary organization committed to health professional faculty development in substance abuse. In 1976, members of the Career Teachers Training Program in Alcohol and Drug Abuse, a US federally funded multi-disciplinary faculty development program, formed AMERSA. The organization grew from 59 founding members, who were primarily medical school faculty, to over 300 health professionals from a spectrum of disciplines including physicians, nurses, social workers, dentists, allied health professionals, psychologists and other clinical educators who are responsible for advancing substance abuse education. AMERSA members promote substance abuse education among health professionals by developing curricula, promulgating relevant policy and training health professional faculty to become excellent teachers in this field. AMERSA influences public policy by offering standards for improving substance abuse education. The organization publishes a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal, Substance Abuse, which emphasizes research on the education and training of health professions and also includes original clinical and prevention research. Each year, the AMERSA National Conference brings together researchers and health professional educators to learn about scientific advances and exemplary teaching approaches. In the future, AMERSA will continue to pursue this mission of advancing and supporting health professional faculty who educate students and trainees to address substance abuse in patients and clients. PMID:16393188

Samet, Jeffrey H; Galanter, Marc; Bridden, Carly; Lewis, David C

2006-01-01

336

Pyrethroid as a Substance of Abuse  

PubMed Central

This is a case of a 22-year-old Hispanic male with a history of bipolar disorder and methamphetamine dependence who was admitted after presenting with suicidal ideations by slashing his throat with a machete. The patient had been smoking and inhaling “processed” pyrethroid for about eight weeks as an inexpensive methamphetamine substitute. He reported experiencing a “rush” similar to methamphetamine after using pyrethroid from liquid insecticide that had been heated (electrocuted) or sprayed on hot metal sheets until it crystallized. The patient presented with no significant physical markings or findings but claimed to have his suicidal ideations precipitated by concerns of ill effects of pyrethroid on his health. He also had positive urine drug screen for methamphetamine, which he admitted to using on the day of admission. We conclude that it is important for physicians to maintain a high level of suspicion for alternate and uncommon substances of abuse as well as risks for suicidal tendencies in these patients.

Sharma, Pravesh; Manning, Stephen; Baronia, Regina; Mushtaq, Saira

2014-01-01

337

The Relationship of Temporal Discounting and Working Alliance to Substance Abuse Treatment Process in Hispanic Adolescents.  

E-print Network

??The association between impulsivity and substance abuse has important implications in the clinical substance abuse treatment field. Adolescents who are characteristically more impulsive by nature… (more)

Weidel, James J

2013-01-01

338

Schizophrenia and Comorbid Substance Abuse – Pathophysiological and Therapeutic Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Substance use disorder is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in schizophrenic patients, with prevalence rates of up to\\u000a 65%. Besides the legal substances tobacco and alcohol, cannabis seems to be the most illicit drug abused in schizophrenia\\u000a patients and has been discussed as an important risk factor for developing schizophrenia. At least substance abuse may contribute\\u000a to an earlier onset

Thomas Wobrock; Dirk Czesnik; Berend Malchow

339

Olanzapine treatment for patients with schizophrenia and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of olanzapine in patients with schizophrenia and comorbid substance abuse disorders. Thirty patients who met DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder as well as criteria for substance abuse or substance dependence, were treated in a 12-month prospective, open-label trial of olanzapine. Patients were evaluated with multiple efficacy

Kimberly H. Littrell; Richard G. Petty; Nicole M. Hilligoss; Carol D. Peabody; Craig G. Johnson

2001-01-01

340

34.02.01.M1 Substance Abuse Prevention Page 1 of 6 UNIVERSITY RULE  

E-print Network

34.02.01.M1 Substance Abuse Prevention Page 1 of 6 UNIVERSITY RULE 34.02.01.M1 Substance Abuse. Reason for Rule This rule provides requirements for addressing substance abuse or suspected substance, in an Texas A&M vehicle, or while representing Texas A&M. #12;34.02.01.M1 Substance Abuse Prevention Page 2

Boas, Harold P.

341

The Relationship Between Child Sexual Abuse and Alexithymic Symptoms in a Population of Recovering Adult Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recovering substance abusers with a history of childhood sexual abuse (n = 69) or no history of childhood sexual abuse (n = 68) completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) and a background survey assessing demographic data and (In the case of sexually abused respondents) parameters of the childhood abuse experienced. The sexually abused group scored significantly higher than the non-abused

Dean Scher; James A. Twaite

1999-01-01

342

Domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in HIV-infected women and women at risk for HIV.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and effect of domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in women with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. METHODS: Participants with HIV or at risk for HIV infection enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Childhood sexual abuse; all physical, sexual, and coercive violence by a partner; HIV serostatus; demographic data; and substance use and sexual habits were assessed. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence was 66% and 67%, respectively, in 1288 women with HIV and 357 uninfected women. One quarter of the women reported recent abuse, and 31% of the HIV-seropositive women and 27% of the HIV-seronegative women reported childhood sexual abuse. Childhood sexual abuse was strongly associated with a lifetime history of domestic violence and high-risk behaviors, including using drugs, having more than 10 male sexual partners and having male partners at risk for HIV infection, and exchanging sex for drugs, money, or shelter. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the hypothesis of a continuum of risk, with early childhood abuse leading to later domestic violence, which may increase the risk of behaviors leading to HIV infection. PMID:10754970

Cohen, M; Deamant, C; Barkan, S; Richardson, J; Young, M; Holman, S; Anastos, K; Cohen, J; Melnick, S

2000-01-01

343

Adulthood animal abuse among men arrested for domestic violence.  

PubMed

Learning more about intimate partner violence (IPV), perpetrators could aid the development of more effective treatments. The prevalence of adulthood animal abuse (AAA) perpetration and its association with IPV perpetration, antisociality, and alcohol use in 307 men arrested for domestic violence were examined. Forty-one percent (n = 125) of the men committed at least one act of animal abuse since the age of 18, in contrast to the 1.5% prevalence rate reported by men in the general population. Controlling for antisociality and alcohol use, AAA showed a trend toward a significant association with physical and severe psychological IPV perpetration. PMID:25324474

Febres, Jeniimarie; Brasfield, Hope; Shorey, Ryan C; Elmquist, Joanna; Ninnemann, Andrew; Schonbrun, Yael C; Temple, Jeff R; Recupero, Patricia R; Stuart, Gregory L

2014-09-01

344

Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and mothers' child abuse potential.  

PubMed

This research examines whether women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy have a higher child abuse potential than women who have not experienced IPV. Data were analyzed from a longitudinal investigation of IPV during pregnancy. This study recruited 88 pregnant women during prenatal care and followed them for 1(1/2) years. IPV was assessed using the Conflict Tactics Scale 2 (CTS2). The woman's potential for child abuse was assessed using the Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI). There was a significant positive association between IPV and child abuse potential scores (p = .003), even after controlling for sociodemographics. The odds of having a high level of child abuse potential were 3 times greater for women who were victims of IPV compared to nonvictims. Higher child abuse potential scores of the victimized women resulted mainly from the Distress and Problems with Others CAPI scales. PMID:17429025

Casanueva, Cecilia E; Martin, Sandra L

2007-05-01

345

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Behavior Among Female Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV is an increasingly critical and costly health problem for American women. Substance use plays a major role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women. There are several plausible explanations for the association between substance use and HIV risk behavior. Pregnant substance abusers are a population deserving special attention given the prevalence of risk behavior in this population and

Susan E. Ramsey; Kathryn M. Bell; Patricia A. Engler

2010-01-01

346

Relapse Contexts for Substance Abusing Adolescents with Comorbid Psychopathology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship of diagnosis, developmentally relevant factors (e.g., life stress, peer substance use) and mental health symptoms to contexts of a return to substance use were examined for 103 substance abusing adolescents with Axis I psychopathology (ages 12-17) following inpatient treatment. Proximal psychiatric symptoms and developmentally…

Anderson, Kristen G.; Frissell, Kevin C.; Brown, Sandra A.

2007-01-01

347

Risk Factors for Violence Against ChildrenComparing Homes With and Without Wife Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This secondary analysis of the 1985 National Family Violence Survey sought to improve understanding of child abuse in the context of wife abuse by comparing risk factors for physical child abuse, verbal abuse, and physical punishment in homes with and without wife abuse. Interaction effects between wife abuse and various parent, child, and family risk factors were examined. For physical

Emiko A. Tajima

2002-01-01

348

Impact of childhood abuse and neglect on substance abuse and psychological distress in adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship of childhood trauma, educational level, and the use of avoidant coping on substance abuse and psychological distress in a community sample of 285 women. Results indicated that self-reported childhood trauma was significantly related to greater substance abuse and psychological distress, through educational attainment and avoidant coping strategies. Lower level of education

Meeyoung Min; Kathleen Farkas; Sonia Minnes; Lynn T. Singer

2007-01-01

349

Substance Dependence, Abuse and Treatment: Findings from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides the first information on substance dependence, abuse, and treatment obtained from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Several important changes to the NHSDA in 1999 and 2000 affected the estimates of drug use, as well as the estimates for dependence, abuse, and needing and receiving treatment. Following…

Epstein, Joan F.

350

Impact of childhood abuse and neglect on substance abuse and psychological distress in adulthood.  

PubMed

Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship of childhood trauma, educational level, and the use of avoidant coping on substance abuse and psychological distress in a community sample of 285 women. Results indicated that self-reported childhood trauma was significantly related to greater substance abuse and psychological distress, through educational attainment and avoidant coping strategies. Lower level of education affected substance abuse through greater use of avoidant coping, but had no significant relationship with psychological distress. Greater use of avoidant coping was related to increased substance abuse and greater psychological distress. Findings indicate the need for supportive educational strategies and interventions to teach coping skills in preventing substance abuse and longer-term psychological distress in children exposed to trauma. PMID:17955535

Min, Meeyoung; Farkas, Kathleen; Minnes, Sonia; Singer, Lynn T

2007-10-01

351

Substance Abuse and Medication Adherence Among HIV-Positive Women with Histories of Child Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse increases the risks for infections and impairs medication adherence among HIV\\/AIDS patients. However, little is known about the characteristics of substance abuse and its impact on medication adherence among HIV-positive women with a history of child sexual abuse (CSA). In the present study, 148 HIV-positive women with a history of CSA completed a structured interview assessing CSA severity,

Honghu Liu; Doug Longshore; John K. Williams; Inna Rivkin; Tamra Loeb; Umme S. Warda; Jennifer Carmona; Gail Wyatt

2006-01-01

352

Testing the Cycle of Violence Hypothesis: Child Abuse and Adolescent Dating Violence as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse is an important determinant of future violence perpetration and victimization. Past research examining linkages between child abuse and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) has predominantly focused on married individuals and not considered adolescent dating violence. In the present study, data from three waves of the National…

Gomez, Anu Manchikanti

2011-01-01

353

Domestic violence, child abuse and companion animal harm: Service provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the link between domestic violence, child abuse and companion animal harm by firstly presenting the results of a study that investigated family service provider perspectives on this link. The results showed that there is a general awareness of this link amongst family service providers and, furthermore, that there is general support amongst this community for a service

Nicola Taylor; Tania Signal; Tanja Stark

354

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ANIMAL CRUELTY: UNTANGLING THE WEB OF ABUSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of research indicates that batterers often threaten, hurt, or kill family pets as a means of coercing and controlling their female partners and that women sometimes delay seeking shelter out of concern for the welfare of their pets. This article reviews the research on the link between animal abuse and domestic violence, describes the implications of this

Catherine A. Faver; Elizabeth B. Strand

2003-01-01

355

Intimate Partner Violence during Pregnancy and Mothers' Child Abuse Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines whether women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy have a higher child abuse potential than women who have not experienced IPV. Data were analyzed from a longitudinal investigation of IPV during pregnancy. This study recruited 88 pregnant women during prenatal care and followed them for 1 1/2…

Casanueva, Cecilia E.; Martin, Sandra L.

2007-01-01

356

Treatment of Concurrent Substance Dependence, Child Neglect and Domestic Violence: A Single Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although child neglect and substance abuse co-occur in greater than 60% of child protective service cases, intervention outcome\\u000a studies are deplorably lacking. Therefore, a home-based Family Behavior Therapy is described in the treatment of a woman evidencing\\u000a child neglect, substance dependence, domestic violence and other co-occurring problems. Treatment included contingency management,\\u000a self control, stimulus control, communication and child management skills

Valerie Romero; Brad Donohue; Daniel N. Allen

2010-01-01

357

Advancing prevention research on child abuse, youth violence, and domestic violence: emerging strategies and issues.  

PubMed

Prevention research on the related problems of child abuse, youth violence, and domestic violence has grown at an accelerating pace in recent years. In this context, a set of shared methodological issues has emerged as investigators seek to advance the interpersonal violence prevention knowledge base. This article considers some of the persistent methodological issues in these areas and points out emerging research strategies that are forging advances in garnering valid, rigorous, and useful knowledge to prevent interpersonal violence. Research issues and emerging strategies in three key domains of prevention research are considered, including complexities in validly conceptualizing and measuring varying forms of violence as specific targets for preventive intervention, research issues and strategies designed to reliably predict and identify future violence risk to be targeted by preventive intervention, and research issues and emerging strategies in the application of empirical methods to forge specific advances in preventive intervention strategies themselves. PMID:15005994

Guterman, Neil B

2004-03-01

358

Updated: 04/2010 University of Maryland Baltimore County Substance Abuse Policy  

E-print Network

Updated: 04/2010 University of Maryland Baltimore County Substance Abuse Policy Notification Substance abuse continues to be a major problem on our nation's campuses and in society as a whole associated with substance abuse. UMBC Substance Abuse policy is multifaceted and designed to: foster a safe

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

359

Governor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking  

E-print Network

Governor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Chancellor substance abuse and underage drinking. The Governor's Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Prevention and social costs of addiction can last a lifetime," Governor McCrory said. "Substance abuse often starts

360

Classifying Clinically Referred Adolescent Substance Abusers by Level of Externalizing and Internalizing Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent substance abusers demonstrate numerous emotional and behavioral difficulties in conjunction with drug problems. In this study, 236 clinically referred substance abusing adolescents were grouped on level of self-reported and parent-reported internalizing and externalizing symptoms and compared on important variables. Three groups emerged: Externalizers, Exclusive Substance Abusers, and Mixed (adolescents with both internalizing and externalizing symptoms). Exclusive Substance Abusers showed

Cynthia L. Rowe; Howard A. Liddle; Gayle A. Dakof

2001-01-01

361

Inpatient Treatment for Children and Adolescents with Substance Abuse Issues  

E-print Network

The report revealed that the bulk of the literature collectively examines adults and adolescents, rather than investigating the unique issues that adolescents with substance abuse issues have. The review explored outcome studies for in...

Oelklaus, Kirsten; Petr, Chris

2001-11-01

362

Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Review of the Past 10 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo review and synthesize the recent scientific literature on adolescent substance abuse, covering natural history, epidemiology, etiology, comorbidity, assessment, treatment, and prevention, and to highlight areas for future research.

NAIMAH Z. WEINBERG; ELIZABETH RAHDERT; JAMES D. COLLIVER; MEYER D. GLANTZ

1998-01-01

363

Substance-Abuse and the Native American Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of substance abuse, focusing on Native American students. Emphasizes school counselor intervention strategies and the counselor client relationship. Counselors must be aware of their own values and cultural attitudes in dealing with Indian students. (JAC)

Murphy, Susanna; DeBlassie, Richard R.

1984-01-01

364

Evaluation of substance-abusing adolescents by primary care physicians.  

PubMed

Physicians are in a unique position to identify substance-abusing adolescents. To evaluate physician performance from the patient's perspective, we interviewed 54 substance-abusing adolescents and their parents about previous medical encounters. Although nearly all patients had seen a physician during the time they were using drugs or alcohol, 43% did not recall being asked by a doctor about alcohol or drug use. Of the 26 patients who recalled being asked, 12 (46%) stated that they responded dishonestly, usually because a parent was present. Of the 23 who didn't recall being asked, five (18%) wished they had been asked. Physicians tended to ask about substance abuse more often (p = .08) when they had previously discussed the problem with the parents, but many parents did not initiate such discussions. This survey suggests that physicians may not adequately assess high-risk adolescents for substance abuse because of physician-, patient- and/or parent-dependent factors. PMID:2358391

Friedman, L S; Johnson, B; Brett, A S

1990-05-01

365

Coordination of Care in Substance Abuse Treatment: An Interorganizational Perspective  

E-print Network

sample were due to drug overdoses. Substance abuse treatmentand overdose due to their reduced tolerance for alcohol and drugs.drugs. As a result, detox can increase patients’ risk of mortality from an overdose

Spear, Suzanne Evelyn

2012-01-01

366

10 CFR 26.187 - Substance abuse expert.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Determining Fitness-for-Duty Policy Violations...National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors...in the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol and controlled-substance...evaluation, referrals for education and/or...

2011-01-01

367

10 CFR 26.187 - Substance abuse expert.  

...COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Determining Fitness-for-Duty Policy Violations...National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors...in the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol and controlled-substance...evaluation, referrals for education and/or...

2014-01-01

368

10 CFR 26.187 - Substance abuse expert.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Determining Fitness-for-Duty Policy Violations...National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors...in the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol and controlled-substance...evaluation, referrals for education and/or...

2010-01-01

369

10 CFR 26.187 - Substance abuse expert.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Determining Fitness-for-Duty Policy Violations...National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors...in the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol and controlled-substance...evaluation, referrals for education and/or...

2013-01-01

370

10 CFR 26.187 - Substance abuse expert.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Determining Fitness-for-Duty Policy Violations...National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors...in the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol and controlled-substance...evaluation, referrals for education and/or...

2012-01-01

371

Informal Discussions in Substance Abuse Treatment Sessions  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated the extent to which counselors initiated informal discussions (i.e., general discussions and self-disclosures about matters unrelated to treatment) with their clients during treatment sessions within two National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trial Network protocols involving adaptations of motivational interviewing (MI). Sixty counselors across the two protocols had 736 sessions independently rated for counselor treatment fidelity and the occurrence of informal discussions. The results showed that 88% of the counselors initiated informal discussions in their sessions and that the majority of these discussions involved counselors sharing personal information or experiences they had in common with their clients. The major finding was that counselor training in MI was associated with significantly less informal discussion across sessions. A higher frequency of informal discussion was related to less counselor MI proficiency and less in-session change in client motivation, though unrelated to client program retention and substance use outcomes. The findings suggest that while some informal discussion may help build an alliance between counselors and clients, too much of it may hinder counselors' proficient implementation of MI treatment strategies and the clients' motivational enhancement process. PMID:18835679

Martino, Steve; Ball, Samuel A.; Nich, Charla; Frankforter, Tami L.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01

372

Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers.  

PubMed

Substance abuse patterns were reviewed for a group of patients admitted to the Gambling Treatment Program at the Brecksville Veterans Administration Medical Center. A retrospective chart review of 113 consecutively admitted patients between September 2000 and September 2001 found that 66.4% of pathological gamblers had a lifetime history of substance abuse or dependence at some point in their lives. A history of substance abuse or dependence was less common among gamblers aged 60 and above. In the year prior to admission, 58.1% of those with a history of substance abuse or dependence were actively using substances. Alcohol was the most commonly used substance, followed by marijuana and cocaine. In most gamblers with comorbid disorders, the onset of substance dependence preceded the onset of problem gambling. Pathological gamblers engaged in multiple impulsive and dysfunctional behaviors including suicide attempts, compulsive shopping and spending, and compulsive sexual behavior, and the presence of comorbid substance abuse disorders may influence the degree to which pathological gamblers engage in these additional problematic behaviors. These factors have important implications for treatment and prevention of relapse, as well as for theories of addictions. PMID:14693255

Kausch, Otto

2003-12-01

373

Psychopharmacological Treatment of Anxiety in Adolescents with Comorbid Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Pharmacological treatments of anxiety in adolescents generally follow the same guidelines as that of the treatment of anxiety\\u000a in adults. To provide a working framework that considers the dual diagnosis of anxiety disorder and substance abuse, a biological\\u000a perspective on anxiety and substance abuse as conditioned responses with pathophysiologic commonalities is presented. Then,\\u000a biological commonalities are formulated as an opportunity

Marco A. Grados

374

The Effects on Facilitators of a Substance Abuse Education Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective–anecdotal study was conducted to determine if involvement in a learner-centered continuing education program in substance abuse prevention would influence the careers and work-related activities of thefacilitators. A questionnaire was sent to 33 individuals who served as facilitators of a large substance abuse prevention education project. Of the 31 who responded, 21 (67.7%) indicated that serving as a facilitator

Sandra B. Rhodes; Richard D. Blondell; Judie Pfeifer; Antonnette V. Graham

2001-01-01

375

The effects on facilitators of a substance abuse education program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective?anecdotal study was conducted to determine if involvement in a learner?centered continuing education program in substance abuse prevention would influence the careers and work?related activities of the facilitators. A questionnaire was sent to 33 individuals who served as facilitators of a large substance abuse prevention education project. Of the 31 who responded, 21 (67.7%) indicated that serving as a

Sandra B. Rhodes; Richard D. Blondell; Judie Pfeifer; Antonnette V. Graham

2001-01-01

376

Cost-effectiveness of public sector substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Costs and cost-effectiveness of public sector substance abuse treatment in 2 California counties with similar substance abuse\\u000a treatment system histories are compared; one county (MidState) has adopted managed care principles. As hypothesized, MidState's\\u000a costs for the index treatment episode were significantly lower than SouthState's, although unexpectedly because of lower outpatient\\u000a utilization. Treatment benefits in the 7 Addiction Severity Index functional

Martha C. Beattie; Teh-Wei Hu; Rui Li; Jason Bond

2005-01-01

377

Substance abuse in schizophreniaA Singapore perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Most of the information on the prevalence and patterns of substance abuse in patients with schizophrenia has been from studies\\u000a conducted in North America and Europe and data from Asian countries are conspicuously lacking. This study was undertaken with\\u000a the aim to identify the prevalence and patterns of substance abuse among patients with first-episode schizophrenia in the\\u000a city-state of

Swapna K. Verma; Mythily Subramaniam; Siow-Ann Chong; E. H. Kua

2002-01-01

378

Manualized treatment for substance abusers with personality disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of an untreated personality disorder may be associated with worse compliance and outcome in substance abuse treatment. Therapeutic attention to the symptoms of personality disorder may reduce the severity of substance abuse and other Axis I symptoms which potentially contribute to relapse. A 24-week manual-guided individual cognitive-behavioral therapy approach has been developed that integrates relapse prevention with targeted

Samuel A. Ball

1998-01-01

379

Anti-drug vaccines to treat substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse is a growing world-wide problem. The big four drugs of abuse that might lend themselves to immunotherapy are nicotine, cocaine, morphine\\/heroin and methamphetamine. Tobacco abuse has a well-known enormous impact on major chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, while the last three, aside from their neuropsychological effects, are illegal, leading to crime and incarceration as well as the transmission

Berma M Kinsey; David C Jackson; Frank M Orson

2009-01-01

380

Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context.  

PubMed

Adolescent exposure to violence and substance use are both public health problems, but how neighborhood context contributes to these outcomes is unclear. This study uses prospective data from 1416 adolescents to examine the direct and interacting influences of victimization and neighborhood factors on adolescent substance use. Based on hierarchical Bernoulli regression models that controlled for prior substance use and multiple individual-level factors, exposure to violence significantly increased the likelihood of marijuana use but not alcohol use or binge drinking. There was little evidence that community norms regarding adolescent substance use influenced rates of substance use or moderated the impact of victimization. Community disadvantage did not directly impact substance use, but the relationship between victimization and marijuana use was stronger for those in neighborhoods with greater disadvantage. The results suggest that victimization is particularly likely to affect adolescents' marijuana use, and that this relationship may be contingent upon neighborhood economic conditions. PMID:25432621

Fagan, Abigail A; Wright, Emily M; Pinchevsky, Gillian M

2015-01-01

381

[Methods of substance abuse prevention in the Armed Forces].  

PubMed

Dynamics of substance abuse morbidity in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation during the last 10 years (2002-2012) was analyzed. Results of performed analysis showed decreasing tendency since 2007 in conscripts (0.07% in 2012) and in contract soldiers (0.3% in 2012). Alcoholism prevailed in the structure of substance abuse in conscripts (0.05%), drug abuses were diagnosed 2,5 times less often (0.02%). In contract soldiers non-alcohol abuses were diagnosed in 0.004% of cases. It is stated that the major aims of substance abuse prevention are qualitative recruiting of military units (especially in troops maintaining the combat readiness) and departments (subunits) of military education, creating conditions for propaganda for healthy lifestyle, prohibition of drugs and psychopharmaceuticals in military units. For early detection of persons liable to substance abuse and facts of drug consumption it is necessary to perform a medical examination with the help of special program apparatus complex (such as "Addicts") and take into account clinical signs of addiction. Besides, it is necessary to introduce planned and unexpected medical examinations of servicemen. Algorithm of measures in case of detection of serviceman with alcohol or drug intoxication is given. In conclusion the main organizational principals of substance abuse prevention in the Armed Forces are given. PMID:24341196

Fisun, A Ia; Shamre?, V K; Marchenko, A A; Sinenchenko, A G; Pastushenkov, A V

2013-09-01

382

Are There Inherited Behavioral Traits That Predispose to Substance Abuse?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research findings suggest that alcoholism and drug abuse may be predisposed by inherited behavioral propensities or temperaments. These inherited predispositions, through interaction with the physical and social environments, shape the development of personality. As discussed herein, there is strong evidence linking certain personality characteristics, specifically antisocial and neurotic traits, with the risk for substance abuse. Thus, personality and its precursor,

Ralph E. Tarter

1988-01-01

383

Creating Culturally Grounded Videos for Substance Abuse Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes and critiques the pilot phase of a project in which an ethnically diverse group of students from a large southwestern urban high school created culturally based substance abuse prevention videos for urban middle school students. The rationale evolved from research that suggested that a peer-created, culturally-specific approach to drug abuse prevention would be more effective than would

Lori K. Holleran; Leslie Reeves; Patricia Dustman; Flavio F. Marsiglia

2002-01-01

384

Substance Abuse among Adolescent Females. Prevention Research Update No. 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines what is known about alcohol and other drug abuse (AODA) among adolescent females. The first half of the document discusses the following topics: (1) prevalence and patterns of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among female adolescents; (2) correlates and risk of substance abuse, including age of initiation,…

Bodinger-de Uriarte, Cristina; Austin, Gregory

385

Parenting knowledge among substance abusing women in treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess parenting knowledge and beliefs among drug abusing pregnant and recently postpartum women engaged in a comprehensive substance abuse treatment program. The effects of a parenting skills training program for this population were evaluated. A Parenting Skills Questionnaire was developed and administered to a sample of 73 pregnant and drug-dependent women during their

Martha L. Velez; Lauren M. Jansson; Ivan D. Montoya; Wendy Schweitzer; Archie Golden; Dace Svikis

2004-01-01

386

Substance abuse treatment and HIV services: Massachusetts' policies and programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

States and communities use many strategies and policies to facilitate the integration of HIV and AIDS services with alcoholism and drug abuse treatment and prevention programs. Massachusetts' policy initiatives that promoted collaboration between substance abuse programs and AIDS services are outlined. The review begins with an overview of the HIV epidemic in Massachusetts and reflects on the initial challenges of

Dennis McCarty; James LaPrade; Michael Botticelli

1996-01-01

387

Erectile Dysfunction Medication Use Among Men Seeking Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies of erectile dysfunction (ED) medications use among heterosexual drug using or abusing men have been conducted. The aims of this study were to provide information on ED medication use prevalence, method of acquisition, and sexual effects among men seeking substance abuse treatment. A single time point cross-sectional anonymous survey was completed by 297 men over the age of

Keith J. Horvath; Donald A. Calsyn; Christeine Terry; Ann Cotton

2007-01-01

388

Gender Differences in Substance Dependence and Abuse. The NSDUH Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Males are more likely to use, abuse, and be dependent on alcohol or illicit drugs than females. The 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) asked questions of persons aged 12 or older to assess their use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as their symptoms of substance dependence or abuse during the past year. NSDUH defines "any…

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2004

2004-01-01

389

Behind Bars: Substance Abuse and America's Prison Population.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Substance abuse and addiction have fundamentally changed the nature of America's prison population. As America approaches the 21st century, state and federal prisons and local jails are bursting at the bars with alcohol and drug abusers and addicts and th...

1998-01-01

390

Understanding the Diverse Needs of Children whose Parents Abuse Substances  

PubMed Central

In this review, we consider the potential service needs of children of substance abusing parents based on what we know about the risk outcomes faced by these children and the parenting deficits often present in these families. Importantly, our review does not address the etiological role of parental substance abuse in children's negative outcomes but instead we discuss the complex inter-related risk factors that often co-occur with and exacerbate risk associated with parental alcohol and drug use. We first review studies showing the elevated risk that children of substance abusing parents face in general for poorer academic functioning; emotional, behavioral, and social problems; and an earlier onset of substance use, faster acceleration in substance use patterns, and higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. We then review studies showing contextual risk factors for children of substance abusing parents, including parenting deficits (less warmth, responsiveness, and physical and verbal engagement as well as harsher and more over-involved interaction styles), greater risk for child maltreatment, and less secure attachment patterns. We conclude with a discussion of future directions for research and guidelines for professionals working with children and their families where parental substance abuse is present. PMID:22455509

Solis, Jessica M.; Shadur, Julia M.; Burns, Alison R.; Hussong, Andrea M.

2013-01-01

391

Teaching About Substance Abuse with Objective Structured Clinical Exams  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Although residents commonly manage substance abuse disorders, optimal approaches to teaching these specialized interviewing and intervention skills are unknown. OBJECTIVE We developed a Substance Abuse Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) to teach addiction medicine competencies using immediate feedback. In this study we evaluated OSCE performance, examined associations between performance and self-assessed interest and competence in substance abuse, and assessed learning during the OSCE. DESIGN Five-station OSCE, including different substance abuse disorders and readiness to change stages, administered during postgraduate year-3 ambulatory rotations for 2 years. PARTICIPANTS One hundred and thirty-one internal and family medicine residents. MEASUREMENTS Faculty and standardized patients (SPs) assessed residents' general communication, assessment, management, and global skills using 4-point scales. Residents completed a pre-OSCE survey of experience, interest and competence in substance abuse, and a post-OSCE survey evaluating its educational value. Learning during the OSCE was also assessed by measuring performance improvement from the first to the final OSCE station. RESULTS Residents performed better (P<.001) in general communication (mean ± SD across stations = 3.12 ± 0.35) than assessment (2.65 ± 0.32) or management (2.58 ± 0.44), and overall ratings were lowest in the contemplative alcohol abuse station (2.50 ± 0.83). Performance was not associated with residents' self-assessed interest or competence. Perceived educational value of the OSCE was high, and feedback improved subsequent performance. CONCLUSIONS Although internal and family medicine residents require additional training in specialized substance abuse skills, immediate feedback provided during an OSCE helped teach needed skills for assessing and managing substance abuse disorders. PMID:16704387

Parish, Sharon J; Ramaswamy, Megha; Stein, Melissa R; Kachur, Elizabeth K; Arnsten, Julia H

2006-01-01

392

Fathers Entering Substance Abuse Treatment: An Examination of Substance Abuse, Trauma Symptoms and Parenting Behaviors  

PubMed Central

Objective The relationship between fatherhood and both psychiatric distress and severity of substance abuse (SA) among men entering SA treatment has not been well explored. This study was designed to (a) examine differences in symptoms of men presenting for SA assessment based on fatherhood status and (b) determine how PTSD symptoms and severity of SA were associated with parenting for men who were fathers. Methods PTSD symptoms, severity of SA and parenting data reported on structured questionnaires were collected from 126 men presenting for an SA evaluation at a forensic drug diversion clinic. Results There were no differences in severity of alcohol or drug use between fathers and non-fathers; however fathers with more PTSD symptoms reported greater severity of alcohol and drug use. Among the fathers, PTSD symptoms correlated significantly and positively with negative parenting behaviors, while SA did not. Fathers with more significant PTSD symptoms were more likely to want help with parenting. Conclusions Further exploration of the impact of trauma related symptoms on the parenting behaviors of substance-abusing men is warranted. PMID:22305235

Stover, Carla Smith; Hall, Chelsea; McMahon, Thomas J.; Easton, Caroline

2012-01-01

393

Substance Abuse Prevention: Maine's 1997 Data Report. County Profiles on Risk and Protection for Substance Abuse Prevention Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents uniformly collected data for the State of Maine and each of its counties on selected known risk factors for alcohol and drug abuse and the prevalence of substance abuse-related problems. A "Read Me First" section presents the state's approach to prevention. Information is provided on risk and protective factors, the "Six…

Maine State Dept. of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, Augusta.

394

3 CFR 9033 - Proclamation 9033 of September 30, 2013. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013  

...9033 of September 30, 2013. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013 9033...September 30, 2013 Proc. 9033 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013By the...many Americans face futures limited by substance use, which threatens health,...

2014-01-01

395

Childhood abuse as a possible locus for early intervention into problems of violence and psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewed research on abuse in childhood. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, as well as children witnessing parents abuse each other, were all found to be associated with later problems with violence and psychopathology. No causal conclusions could be drawn because of the correlational nature of the research. Also, research into possible interventions was reviewed. At least somewhat effective interventions

A. A Sappington

2000-01-01

396

Scholarship for Students Committed to Reducing and Preventing Dating Abuse & Domestic Violence  

E-print Network

Scholarship for Students Committed to Reducing and Preventing Dating Abuse & Domestic Violence Description Dating abuse and domestic violence can have a significant impact on a student's college experience and domestic violence by providing financial assistance for educational needs. The hope is that recognizing

Stowell, Michael

397

Adolescent substance involvement use and abuse.  

PubMed

Substance use in adolescence is common, but not all use indicates a substance use disorder. The primary care provider has an essential role in screening for substance involvement, assessing the level of substance use and its impact on function, and engaging in a brief intervention to encourage and support behavioral change related to substance use. This article summarizes the literature on adolescent vulnerability to substance use disorders and their impact on adolescent health and well-being. Practical concrete suggestions for approaches to screening, brief interventions, and referral to treatment provide a stepwise approach to adolescent substance use assessment and intervention. PMID:25124207

Monasterio, Erica B

2014-09-01

398

Clinical correlates of childhood abuse and neglect in substance dependents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of childhood abuse and neglect (CAN) in Turkish substance dependents and to investigate the relationship between CAN with axis I disorders, personality disorders and severity of depression and anxiety symptoms.Among 132 substance dependents, 56.1% met dichotomous criteria for some form of CAN. Current age was lower, whereas rate of suicide

Cuneyt Evren; Sevil Kural; Duran Cakmak

2006-01-01

399

A Review of Gender Differences Among Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a review of various types of literature on gender differences among substance abusers. The authors begin this literature review by summarizing the literature on the differing treatment needs of men and women. The authors continue with a review of the empirically based literature on gender differences in background characteristics of substance users. They conclude with a review

Bernadette Pelissier; Nicole Jones

2005-01-01

400

Culturally Competent Substance Abuse Treatment with Transgender Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transgender persons are misunderstood and inadequately treated in many conventional substance abuse treatment programs. This paper reviews current concepts regarding the definition and diversity of transgenderism and summarizes the existing literature on the prevalence and correlates of substance use in transgendered populations. Examples of culturally competent and gender sensitive treatment in specialized settings are cited with a call to extend

Larry A. Nuttbrock

2012-01-01

401

Building Collaboration in Substance Abuse Treatment and Vocational Rehabilitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the perceived external and internal issues that may have an effect on collaborative ventures designed to provide vocational rehabilitation services to persons with substance use disorders. Participants in the study were professionals from substance abuse (SA) treatment and vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies in 1 state…

Glenn, Margaret K.; Moore, Lucas C.

2008-01-01

402

Psychotropic Medications and Substances of Abuse Interactions in Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of youth with substance use disorders (SUDs) manifest one or more co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Consequently, many of these youths are being prescribed with psychotropic medications. As prescribing rates continue to increase for early-onset psychiatric disorders, potential risk for substance of abuse-psychiatric medication…

Kaminer, Yifrah; Goldberg, Pablo; Connor, Daniel F.

2010-01-01

403

Predicting Substance Abuse in a Sample of Nigerian Undergraduate Students: The Role of Core Self-evaluations and Delay of Gratification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Documented empirical evidence indicates that substance abuse among young people, especially students, is assuming an unprecedented\\u000a upward surge worldwide. Substance abuse among students is associated with a myriad of negative physical, social and psychological\\u000a consequences, including liver, cranial, and cardiovascular diseases, cancers, vehicular fatalities, mental and behaviour disorders,\\u000a violence, declining grades, increased potential for dropout and high truancy rates, suicides,

Gboyega E. Abikoye; James A. Adekoya

2010-01-01

404

Parenting in Females Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence and Childhood Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence may have a significant impact on parenting. The current study expands on existing research by examining the effects of child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence on parenting styles and parenting self-efficacy. In women from a parenting intervention program (n = 20), child sexual abuse was…

Jaffe, Anna E.; Cranston, Christopher C.; Shadlow, Joanna O.

2012-01-01

405

Abuse and Violence in the Lives of People with Low Vision: A National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey examined the perceptions of 169 adults with low vision about their personal experiences with abuse, violence, or both. A relatively small number of respondents (56 of 35 percent) reported experiencing harm or physical abuse, but many experienced emotional abuse, and some witnessed violence in their families. (Contains extensive…

Kelly, Susan D. M.; Moore, J. Elton

2000-01-01

406

The Relationship of Animal Abuse to Violence and Other Forms of Antisocial Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from this study challenge the assumption that animal abusers commonly “graduate” from violence against animals to violence against humans. The criminal records of 153 animal abusers and 153 control participants were tracked and compared. Animal abusers were more likely than control participants to be interpersonally violent, but they also were more likely to commit property offenses, drug offenses, and

ARNOLD ARLUKE; JACK LEVIN; CARTER LUKE; FRANK ASCIONE

1999-01-01

407

The impact of an abusive family context on childhood animal cruelty and adult violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the literature that addresses the impact of an abusive family context on childhood animal cruelty and adult violence. In the first section, literature is presented that outlines possible abusive family contextual factors associated with childhood animal cruelty and adult violence. In the second section, theories presented in the literature conjecturing about the impact of an abusive family

Alex Duncan; Catherine Miller

2002-01-01

408

Culturally competent substance abuse treatment with transgender persons.  

PubMed

Transgender individuals are misunderstood and inadequately treated in many conventional substance abuse treatment programs. This article reviews current concepts regarding the definition and diversity of transgenderism and summarizes the existing literature on the prevalence and correlates of substance use in transgendered populations. Examples of culturally competent and gender-sensitive treatment in specialized settings are cited, with a call to extend these initiatives throughout the gamut of service venues that engage transgender individuals. Cultural competence combined with gender sensitivity should improve the effectiveness of substance abuse treatment for transgender individuals and will contribute to the goal of providing effective services in an increasingly diverse society. PMID:22873185

Nuttbrock, Larry A

2012-01-01

409

The Relationship Between Substance Abuse Treatment and Crime Relapse Among Individuals with Suspected Mental Disorder, Substance Abuse, and Antisocial Behavior: Findings from the MSAC Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To explore the relationship between regular substance abuse treatment and criminal recidivism in 403 male offenders with suspected mental disorder and substance abuse. Method: The study is observational, following a cohort of individuals during an observation period of up to 52 months. Individuals participating in planned substance abuse treatment were compared with nonparticipants with regard to crime relapse. Results:

Clara Hellner Gumpert; Ulrika Winerdal; Markus Grundtman; Anne H. Berman; Marianne Kristiansson; Tom Palmstierna

2010-01-01

410

Parental Substance Abuse and Family Reunification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the reunification outcomes of 4 groups of children placed in foster care in Oklahoma: those referred due to parental alcohol-only abuse, those due to parental drug-only abuse, those with both alcohol and drug involvement, and those with neither alcohol nor drug involvement. Following bivariate analysis to examine group differences, survival analysis was utilized to predict reunification rates.

Jody Brook; Thomas P. McDonald; Tom Gregoire; Bill Hindman

2010-01-01

411

New Directions for Substance-Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation and for a very long time, campuses and students have been plagued by drug and alcohol abuse. And it seems that many of our efforts to address that abuse, while necessary, have been woefully insufficient to the task. This article describes the nature and significance of the problem, examines current strategies for addressing it,…

Anderson, David S.

2011-01-01

412

Type of Health Insurance and the Substance Abuse Treatment Gap. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, vol. 42, no. 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study recently published concluded that populations with different types of public health insurance have rates of receiving treatment for a substance use disorder that range from two to four times greater than the privately insured. The study was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), with authors from SAMHSA, Mathematica, and the National Association of

Ellen Englert Bouchery; Henrick J. Harwood; Joan Dilonardo; Rita Vandivort-Warren

2012-01-01

413

Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 1  

E-print Network

Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites UT-B Contracts Div July 2006 Page 1 of 1 work-place-sub-abuse-ext-july06.doc WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES (July 2006) (a) The Seller shall, consistent with 10 CFR part 707, Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites, incorporated herein by reference

Pennycook, Steve

414

Frequency of Substance Abuse Among Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Drug addiction is one of the most prominent problems in many countries in transition, including Bosnia and Herzegovina. Age limit of drug addiction is shifted to the younger age groups, especially is troubling the increase in number of injection drug users. Our study was aimed to investigate the habits, attitudes and practices related to drug use among young people from the area of Sarajevo city. We can still feel the effects of the war, among which are the most important life without closest relatives, banishment and various types of war and post-war trauma. Goals: To determine the frequency of substance abuse among adolescents; Identify potentially relevant biological, psychological and socio economic characteristics of the adolescents; To explore adolescents attitudes towards drug use; Examine the general level of knowledge of adolescents about drugs and their effects. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on randomized sample of 502 students in two primary and three secondary schools in Sarajevo and Gracanica. To study used survey method. Survey instrument was a self-made questionnaire with the research variables. The obtained data were processed by a computer and statistically correlated. The study is of combined, retrospective, prospective and transversal type. Results: To the question “How many times have you consumed cannabis in the last 30 days” about 6% of the respondents have tried once or twice, while 1.5% use it daily, ecstasy have tried one or two times 2.25%, while 0.5% have daily use. Based on the obtained results it can be concluded that students at schools in Sarajevo consumed drugs 50% more than the children in Gracanica. Analyzing the age at which the subjects consumed the drug for the first time, we came to the conclusion that in the third year of high school only 8% of adolescents have tried any drugs before they turned 15 years. This percentage among eighth graders is about three times higher. Conclusion: Presented research results clearly suggest a strong contamination of the living environment of young people with different types of psychoactive substances. Offer of drugs is extensive and distribution network covers all the places where young people visits, including schools. It is clear that today’s teenagers sooner or later hear about drugs, see, get in touch with a “junkie” and have a chance to take the drugs if they want to. From our research, we found that the following factors: Marital status of parents, employment of parents, the number of family members, type of school and satisfaction with oneself are not crucial for the eventual drug use among young people. While, the biological status of the parents, educational status of parents, financial status of parents, the tendency of parents tobacco and alcohol use, adolescents’ attitude to parents, the harmony of relationships between parents, school performance, positive attitude toward the so-called light drugs, represent significant risk factors for adolescent populations. PMID:24511272

Mesic, Salih; Ramadani, Sokolj; Zunic, Lejla; Skopljak, Amira; Pasagic, Almir; Masic, Izet

2013-01-01

415

Gender Differences in Social and Psychological Problems of Substance Abusers: A Comparison to Nonsubstance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines gender differences in 16 social and psychological problems among substance abusers and nonsubstance abusers in a community population to determine whether such differences are simply a reflection of differences between men and women in the general population. Data were gathered from 119 respondents using the Addiction Severity Index. Loglinear analysis suggests that problems typically attributed to “being

Diane Rae Davis; Diana M. DiNitto

1996-01-01

416

Trauma and the effects of violence exposure and abuse on children: A review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of studies examining violence exposure in the passeveral years have been successful in linking physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence, and community violence exposure to a wide variety of physiological, emotional, and behavioral problems manifested in short?term, mid?term, and long?term effects. The literature on the effects of physical and sexual abuse is older than the research on children's

Michael A. G. Mabanglo

2002-01-01

417

Substance Abuse among High-Risk Sexual Offenders: Do Measures of Lifetime History of Substance Abuse Add to the Prediction of Recidivism over Actuarial Risk Assessment Instruments?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been relatively little research on the degree to which measures of lifetime history of substance abuse add to the prediction of risk based on actuarial measures alone among sexual offenders. This issue is of relevance in that a history of substance abuse is related to relapse to substance using behavior. Furthermore, substance use has…

Looman, Jan; Abracen, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

418

Substance abuse treatment and risk behaviors among HIV-infected persons with alcohol problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the association of substance abuse treatment with sexual and drug use risk behaviors among 349 HIV-infected persons with a history of alcohol problems using a standardized questionnaire regarding sexual and drug use risk behaviors, demographics, substance use, and use of substance abuse treatment.We defined substance abuse treatment services as any of the following in the past 6 months:

Anita Palepu; Anita Raj; Nicholas J. Horton; Nicole Tibbetts; Seville Meli; Jeffrey H. Samet

2005-01-01

419

Inequitable access to substance abuse treatment services in Cape Town, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Despite high levels of substance use disorders in Cape Town, substance abuse treatment utilization is low among people from disadvantaged communities in Cape Town, South Africa. To improve substance abuse treatment utilization, it is important to identify any potential barriers to treatment initiation so that interventions to reduce these barriers can be implemented. To date, substance abuse research has

Bronwyn J Myers; Johann Louw; Sonja C Pasche

2010-01-01

420

Characteristics of transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

Little is known about the needs or characteristics of transgender individuals in substance abuse treatment settings. Transgender (n=199) and non-transgender (cisgender, n=13,440) individuals were compared on psychosocial factors related to treatment, health risk behaviors, medical and mental health status and utilization, and substance use behaviors within a database that documented individuals entering substance abuse treatment in San Francisco, CA from 2007 to 2009 using logistic and linear regression analyses (run separately by identified gender). Transgender men (assigned birth sex of female) differed from cisgender men across many psychosocial factors, including having more recent employment, less legal system involvement, greater incidence of living with a substance abuser, and greater family conflict, while transgender women (assigned birth sex of male) were less likely to have minor children than cisgender women. Transgender women reported greater needle use, and HIV testing rates were greater among transgender women. Transgender men and women reported higher rates of physical health problems, mental health diagnoses, and psychiatric medications, but there were no differences in service utilization. There were no differences in substance use behaviors except that transgender women were more likely to endorse primary methamphetamine use. Transgender individuals evidence unique strengths and challenges that could inform targeted services in substance abuse treatment. PMID:24561017

Flentje, Annesa; Heck, Nicholas C; Sorensen, James L

2014-05-01

421

SUBSTANCE ABUSE TRENDS IN TEXAS: JUNE 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report updates indicators of drug abuse in Texas since the June 2007 report and describes trends by calendar year from 1987 through 2007. Important changes include increases in heroin inhalation by younger Hispanics. This was first noticed with the \\

JANE C. MAXWELL; GULF COAST

422

Peer substance use and homelessness predicting substance abuse from adolescence through early adulthood.  

PubMed

Adolescents who experience homelessness are at higher risk for abusing substances, and for being exposed to substance-using peers. The current study used a longitudinal design to track substance abuse, affiliation with substance-using peers, and episodes of homelessness among a sample of 223 adolescents who were housed at the baseline data collection and 148 adolescents who were housed at baseline. Participants were interviewed at six waves over 6.5 years, covering an age range from 13 to 25. Many participants experienced a recurrence of homelessness during follow-up, with 64.6 % of the baseline homeless group and 22.6 % of the baseline housed group reporting an additional episode of homelessness. Both alcohol abuse and other drug abuse symptoms showed an increase in adolescence followed by slowing in early adulthood. Recent homelessness and friend alcohol use predicted alcohol abuse symptoms, and the strength of the influence of friend use decreased over time. Recent homelessness and friend drug use predicted other drug abuse symptoms. Duration of the initial episode of adolescent homelessness showed no influence on substance abuse over time, or the effects of other predictors, highlighting the importance of conceptualizing the experience of homelessness as a recent stressor rather than an enduring personal characteristic. PMID:23381568

Tompsett, Carolyn J; Domoff, Sarah E; Toro, Paul A

2013-06-01

423

Peer Substance Use and Homelessness Predicting Substance Abuse from Adolescence Through Early Adulthood  

PubMed Central

Adolescents who experience homelessness are at higher risk for abusing substances, and for being exposed to substance-using peers. The current study used a longitudinal design to track substance abuse, affiliation with substance-using peers, and episodes of homelessness among a sample of 223 adolescents who were homeless at thebaseline data collection and 148 adolescents who were housed at baseline. Participants were interviewed at six waves over 6.5 years, covering an age range from 13 to 25. Many participants experienced a recurrence of homelessness during follow-up, with 64.6 % of the baseline homeless group and 22.6 % of the baseline housed group reporting an additional episode of homelessness. Both alcohol abuse and other drug abuse symptoms showed an increase in adolescence followed by slowing in early adulthood. Recent homelessness and friend alcohol use predicted alcohol abuse symptoms, and the strength of the influence of friend use decreased over time. Recent homelessness and friend drug use predicted other drug abuse symptoms. Duration of the initial episode of adolescent homelessness showed no influence on substance abuse over time, or the effects of other predictors, highlighting the importance of conceptualizing the experience of homelessness as a recent stressor rather than an enduring personal characteristic. PMID:23381568

Domoff, Sarah E.; Toro, Paul A.

2013-01-01

424

Normalization of Violence: Experiences of Childhood Abuse by Inner-City Crack Users  

PubMed Central

An increasing literature mostly based on retrospective surveys has been consistently documenting a correlation between physical abuse in childhood (CPA) and substance abuse in adulthood (ASA). This article uses ethnographic data to reveal the processes behind and context of this linkage for one population—poor, inner-city New York residents who became crack users. Life in the inner city is qualitatively different than in more fortunate circumstances. CPA is but one of numerous stressors and factors contributing to ASA. Approximately half of the subjects reported clear recollections of being physically beaten by their mothers or their various male partners. Although several denied being beaten in childhood, they typically reported various forms of physical assaults that they “deserved.” Physical assaults, especially by mothers, were often understood as expressions of love. As such, these respondents viewed their ongoing physical assaults as an ordinary part of their childhood and adolescence. Such physical punishment also socialized and prepared children for the violence that would likely occur during their childhood in their inner-city communities. This analysis highlights how reducing substance abuse in the inner city may require a much more comprehensive effort than a focus on reducing CPA. These findings also have important implications for quantitative research regarding CPA and ASA. Such studies should subdivide their analyses by socioeconomic status to more clearly measure how much of a risk factor CPA represents among wealthier populations and how much not being abused may serve as a protective factor among poor inner-city populations. PMID:19266372

DUNLAP, ELOISE; GOLUB, ANDREW; JOHNSON, BRUCE D.; BENOIT, ELLEN

2010-01-01

425

Intimate partner violence, substance use, and HIV among low-income women: taking a closer look.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the intersection of intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use, and HIV status among a sample of low-income urban women (n = 611). Differences emerged by drug type, categorization of IPV, and HIV status. Rates of IPV did not differ between HIV-negative and HIV-positive women, but differing rates of substance use were found to be highly significant. The relationship between IPV and drug use appeared to be stronger for HIV-negative women. Descriptive data capturing temporal relationships between substance abuse and IPV support continued examination of types of IPV separately. These findings indicate the need to create comprehensive intervention strategies to address all three issues. PMID:16049104

Burke, Jessica G; Thieman, Laura Knab; Gielen, Andrea C; O'Campo, Patricia; McDonnell, Karen A

2005-09-01

426

Substance Abuse Treatment Stage and Personal Networks of Women in Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

This study examines the relationship among 4 treatment stages (i.e., engagement, persuasion, active treatment, relapse prevention) and the composition, social support, and structural characteristics of personal networks. The study sample includes 242 women diagnosed with substance dependence who were interviewed within their first month of intensive outpatient treatment. Using EgoNet software, the women reported on their 25 alter personal networks and the characteristics of each alter. With one exception, few differences were found in the network compositions at different stages of substance abuse treatment. The exception was the network composition of women in the active treatment stage, which included more network members from treatment programs or 12-Step meetings. Although neither the type nor amount of social support differed across treatment stages, reciprocity differed between women in active treatment and those in the engagement stage. Networks of women in active treatment were less connected, as indicated by a higher number of components, whereas networks of women in the persuasion stage had a higher degree of centralization, as indicated by networks dominated by people with the most ties. Overall, we find social network structural variables to relate to the stage of treatment, whereas network composition, type of social support, and sociodemographic variables (with a few exceptions) do not relate to treatment stage. Results suggest that social context, particularly how social contacts are arranged around clients, should be incorporated into treatment programs, regardless of demographic background. PMID:22639705

Tracy, Elizabeth M.; Kim, HyunSoo; Brown, Suzanne; Min, Meeyoung O.; Jun, Min Kyoung; McCarty, Christopher

2012-01-01

427

A National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment for Juvenile Offenders  

PubMed Central

Despite consensus about the value of substance abuse treatment for delinquent youth, information about its prevalence and availability is inadequate and inconsistent. This paper presents findings about treatment and other correctional service provision from a national survey of directors of 141 juvenile institutional and community corrections facilities. Educational/GED programming and drug and alcohol education were the most prevalent types of correctional and substance abuse services. Other common services included physical health services and mental health assessment, provided to about 60% of youth across facilities, and mental health counseling, life and communication skills, and anger management, provided to about half the youth. Substance abuse treatment, as with most other services, were more prevalent in large, state-funded residential facilities (where 66% provided treatment), than local detention centers (20%) and community corrections facilities (56%). More detailed data showed that the number of youth attending treatment in all types of facilities on any given day was very low. PMID:17383550

Young, Douglas W.; Dembo, Richard; Henderson, Craig E.

2008-01-01

428

Symptom Endorsement of Alcohol and Other Substance Abuse and Dependence Criteria Among American-Indian Adolescents in Residential Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. This study addresses the prevalence of DSM-IV substance abuse and dependence and the endorsement of specific symptoms of these disorders among American-Indian adolescents admitted to a residential substance abuse treatment program.Method. We interviewed 89 American Indian adolescents using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Substance Abuse Module (CIDI-SAM).Results. The most frequent diagnoses included marijuana dependence (51.7%), followed by alcohol abuse and

Alexandra Fickenscher; Douglas K. Novins; Jan Beals

2006-01-01

429

Current perspectives on smoking cessation among substance abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of nicotine dependence among alcohol or other substance abusers is extremely high, and surveys have revealed\\u000a that many patients in drug or alcohol treatment programs are interested in smoking cessation. However, smoking cessation has\\u000a not been a traditional focus in clinical interventions for this population. Recent evidence from clinical trials among individuals\\u000a abusing alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, or opioids

Maria A. Sullivan; Lirio S. Covey

2002-01-01

430

Substances of abuse and movement disorders: complex interactions and comorbidities  

PubMed Central

The relationship between movement disorders and substance abuse which we previously reviewed are updated. We examine these relationships bidirectionally with focus on drugs of abuse which cause movement disorders, as well as primary movement disorders that are associated with use and abuse of alcohol and dopaminergic medications. First, we review the movement disorders that may develop from the acute use or withdrawal of frequent drugs of abuse, including alcohol, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine and methcathinone. We then comment on the interaction between alcoholism and alcohol-responsive movement disorders, such as essential tremor and myoclonus-dystonia. Lastly, we discuss the potential for abuse of antiparkinsonian dopaminergic agents in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). PMID:23030352

Deik, Andres; Saunders-Pullman, Rachel; Luciano, Marta San

2014-01-01

431

Child Maltreatment and Adulthood Violence: The Contribution of Attachment and Drug Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between child maltreatment and adult violence in a high-risk sample of women with and without a history of cocaine abuse and the contribution of working models of childhood attachment relationships in understanding this association. Results indicated that whereas childhood physical abuse was associated with adult sexual victimization for cocaine-abusing women, sexual abuse was associated with

Margaret M. Feerick; Jeffrey J. Haugaard; Denise A. Hien

2002-01-01

432

The Temporal Association between Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence among Women Arrested for Domestic Violence  

PubMed Central

Objective There is a paucity of research on the temporal association between substance use and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization, especially among women arrested for domestic violence. The current study examined whether the probability of IPV perpetration and victimization increases following alcohol or drug use relative to days of no use among women arrested for domestic violence. Method Women arrested for domestic violence and court referred to batterer intervention programs who met criteria for hazardous drinking participated in the current study (N=105). Women who reported drinking four or more drinks on one occasion at least once per month for the past six months were considered hazardous drinkers. Violence and substance use were assessed with the Timeline Followback Interviews for substance use and IPV. Results Women were more likely to perpetrate physical violence on a drinking day (OR=10.58; 95% CI=5.38–20.79) and on a heavy drinking day (OR=12.81; 95% CI=8.10–33.57), relative to a non-drinking day. Women were more likely to be victimized by physical violence on a drinking day (OR=5.22; 95% CI=2.79–9.77) and on a heavy drinking day (OR=6.16; 95% CI=3.25–11.68), relative to a non-drinking day. They were more likely to be victims of sexual coercion (OR=6.06; 95% CI=1.19–30.80) on a cocaine use day relative to a non-use day. Conclusions Alcohol use was temporally associated with physical violence perpetration and victimization, and cocaine use was temporally associated with sexual coercion victimization, suggesting that substance use should be targeted in batterer intervention programs for women. PMID:23647284

Stuart, Gregory L.; Moore, Todd M.; Elkins, Sara R.; O'Farrell, Timothy J.; Temple, Jeff R.; Ramsey, Susan; Shorey, Ryan C.

2013-01-01

433

49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...A person who has an active substance abuse disorder shall not be...

2010-10-01

434

49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...A person who has an active substance abuse disorder shall not be...

2012-10-01

435

49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...A person who has an active substance abuse disorder shall not be...

2013-10-01

436

76 FR 1622 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse SUMMARY: Under the provisions...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse. Type of Information Collection...Online Skills Training for PCPs on Substance Abuse, via the Web site...

2011-01-11

437

49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...A person who has an active substance abuse disorder shall not be...

2011-10-01

438

Relationship between perceived life satisfaction and adolescents’ substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To explore the relationship between perceived global life satisfaction and selected substance use behaviors among 5032 public high school students.Methods: The 1997 South Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey substance abuse and life satisfaction variables were used. An adjusted polychotomous logistic regression analysis utilizing SAS\\/SUDAAN, revealed a significant race\\/gender interaction. Subsequent multivariate models were constructed individually for four race\\/gender groups.

Keith J Zullig; Robert F Valois; E. Scott Huebner; John E Oeltmann; J. Wanzer Drane

2001-01-01

439

Exercise preferences of patients in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

While emerging studies have demonstrated the benefit of exercise in early recovery from substance use disorders, recruitment and adherence to exercise interventions have been challenging. Tailoring interventions based on patient exercise preferences may address these concerns. Ninety-seven (N=97; age=41.6 years; 44% female) patients were recruited from an intensive substance abuse outpatient program and filled out questionnaires about their exercise preferences.

Ana M. Abrantes; Cynthia L. Battle; David R. Strong; Eileen Ing; Mary Ella Dubreuil; Alan Gordon; Richard A. Brown

2011-01-01

440

Training psychiatrists to diagnose and treat substance abuse disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addiction training in psychiatric residency programs needs expansion. Epidemiology research has shown that patients with substance\\u000a use disorders and co-occurring mental health disorders are the norm in nearly all clinical settings. Unfortunately, traditional\\u000a training approaches built around brief rotations on detoxification or intensive substance abuse rehabilitation units do not\\u000a adequately train psychiatrists in long-term management skills, and may reinforce misperceptions

John A. Renner; Janice Quinones; Amanda Wilson

2005-01-01

441

Dangerous Liaisons: Substance Abuse and Sex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report takes a comprehensive look at the connections between alcohol, drug use, and sex. Two national data sets on more than 34,000 teenagers and two sets on arrested and incarcerated sex offenders were analyzed. A review of the literature, interviews with experts, and an examination of programs aimed at prevention of abuse were included in…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

442

Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for employees of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and prohibiting the use of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling,…

Westminster Coll. of Salt Lake City, UT.

443

Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for students of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling, treatment and…

Dublin Univ. (Ireland). Dept. of Teacher Education.

444

Vocational Rehabilitation in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that those who undergo treatment for alcohol and other drug abuse largely have poor work histories and low employment rates, regardless of their education. Relapse rates for individuals in recovery increase when unemployment remains a constant in their lives. Consequently, providing vocational services during treatment may be a…

Machlan, Bonna; Brostrand, H. L.; Benshoff, John J.

2004-01-01

445

Cumulative environmental risk in substance abusing women: early intervention, parenting stress, child abuse potential and child development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the relationship between cumulative environmental risks and early intervention, parenting attitudes, potential for child abuse and child development in substance abusing mothers.Method: We studied 161 substance-abusing women, from a randomized longitudinal study of a home based early intervention, who had custody of their children through 18 months. The intervention group received weekly home visits in the first

Prasanna Nair; Maureen E. Schuler; Maureen M. Black; Laurie Kettinger; Donna Harrington

2003-01-01

446

48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. ...and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating...

2010-10-01

447

48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. ...and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating...

2011-10-01

448

Evaluating community coalitions for prevention of substance abuse: The case of project freedom  

E-print Network

of coalitions for the prevention of substance abuse. The evaluation addresses five key questions: (a) Was the community mobilized to address substance abuse (Process)? (b) What changes in the community resulted from the coalition (Outcome)? (c) Is there a change...

Fawcett, Stephen B.; Lewis, Rhonda K.; Paine-Andrews, Adrienne; Francisco, Vincent T.; Richter, Kimber P.; Williams, Ella L.; Copple, Barbara

1997-01-01

449

48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. ...and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating...

2013-10-01

450

48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. ...and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating...

2012-10-01

451

75 FR 79008 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study of Substance Abuse doc.com Module Project  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study of Substance Abuse doc.com Module Project SUMMARY: In compliance with...approval. Proposed Collection: Title: Study of Substance Abuse doc.com Module Project. Type of Information...

2010-12-17

452

Co-Occurring Disorders of Substance Abuse and Serious Emotional Disorders in Children and Adolescents  

E-print Network

The co-occurrence of substance abuse disorders and psychiatric disorders has received increasing national attention since the U.S. Congress required the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) to provide a summary about...

Walter, Uta M.; Logan, Angela; Petr, Chris

2005-04-01

453

The Struggling Adolescent: A Social-Phenomenological Study of Adolescent Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A phenomenological investigation was conducted to examine the causal factors of adolescent substance abuse. Results indicated the adolescent substance abuser sees life as a struggle, sees self as an outsider, feels powerless and uses drugs to cope with anxiety. (RC)

Wolf, Barry M.

1981-01-01

454

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102 Transportation...Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs covered...

2013-10-01

455

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102 Transportation...Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs covered...

2012-10-01

456

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102 Transportation...Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs covered...

2011-10-01

457

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102 Transportation...Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs covered...

2010-10-01

458

The vulnerability to alcohol and substance abuse in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with schizophrenia are at increased risk for developing substance abuse disorders. Here, we consider factors that\\u000a might elevate their risk for substance abuse. The tendency among schizophrenic individuals to overvalue drug-like rewards\\u000a and to devalue the potential negative consequences of substance abuse may be a contributing factor to their substance abuse\\u000a risk. This bias, which may partly reflect the

John H. Krystal; D. Cyril D’Souza; JÜrgen Gallinat; Naomi Driesen; Anissa Abi-Dargham; Ismene Petrakis; Andreas Heinz; Godfrey Pearlson

2006-01-01

459

Assessing Released Inmates for Substance-Abuse-Related Service Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High rates of substance abuse and recidivism and limited in-prison and postrelease treatment access and transitional planning complicate community reintegration. Moreover, drug-related health and social problems are related to treatment outcomes. In the framework of risk-responsivity theory and structured, integrated reentry models, this article…

Belenko, Steven

2006-01-01

460

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Among Rural Minorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of current conditions and prospects for increased access to mental health and substance abuse services among rural minorities. First, it addresses challenges in ensuring rural minorities access to needed services. Second, it considers steps to increase rural minority participation in the mental health and…

Gamm, Larry D.

2004-01-01

461

Medical Student Views of Substance Abuse Treatment, Policy and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examined the impact of medical education on students' views of substance abuse treatment, public policy options and training. Method: A longitudinal survey was conducted on a single-class cohort of 101 students in a major American, urban medical school. The survey was administered in the Spring semesters of the first to third…

Agrawal, Shantanu; Everett, Worth W.; Sharma, Sonali

2010-01-01

462

The Inspiration of Hope in Substance Abuse Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a grounded theory method to explore how counselors inspire hope in clients struggling with substance abuse. Findings from 10 participants revealed that hope inspiration occurred in 3 phases and consisted of several categories of hope-inspiring processes. Implications for counseling practice, counselor education, and research are…

Koehn, Corinne; Cutcliffe, John R.

2012-01-01

463

The Substance Abuse Treatment Workforce of South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe characteristics of substance abuse treatment counselors in the Republic of South Africa, including demographics, education, training, and job duties. Counselors recruited from 24 treatment centers completed a survey after signing informed consent. Counselors were primarily female (75%), racially diverse…

Sodano, Ruthlyn; Watson, Donnie W.; Rataemane, Solomon; Rataemane, Lusanda; Ntlhe, Nomvuyo; Rawson, Richard

2010-01-01

464

Hope-Focused Interventions in Substance Abuse Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hope is a vital component of psychological healing and plays a critical role in counselling. With despair so prominent for individuals with serious substance abuse problems, the question arises as to how to foster hope in such clients. There are recent suggestions in the general counselling literature that some of the work in counselling involve…

Koehn, Corinne; O'Neill, Linda; Sherry, John

2012-01-01

465

Substance Abuse Counselors and Moral Reasoning: Hypothetical and Authentic Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examined the assumption that the level of moral reasoning (Defining Issues Test; J. R. Rest, 1986) used in solving hypothetical and authentic dilemmas is similar for substance abuse counselors (N = 188). The statistical analyses used were paired-sample t tests, Pearson product-moment correlation, and simultaneous multiple…

Sias, Shari M.

2009-01-01

466

Religiosity and Substance Abuse: Need for Systematic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion plays a significant role in human life, yet its potential to influence health and health-related conditions is not well studied. This article cites several studies that examine the correlation between religiosity and substance abuse. This article also suggests that more systematic researches are needed to validate the correlation of…

Sharma, Manoj

2006-01-01

467

Evaluation of Provider Profiling in Public Sector Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few evaluations of provider profiles and performance measurement in publicly funded substance abuse treatment exist. This study examined a 7-year period in which the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services alternately implemented, suspended, and reintroduced profiling of treatment agencies. The profiles contained quarterly statistical reports indicating the agency's performance and peer comparison on percentages of clients connecting to

Marilyn Daley; Donald S. Shepard; Sharon Reif; Robert Dunigan; Christopher P. Tompkins; Jennifer Perloff; Lauren Siembab; Constance M. Horgan

2010-01-01

468

Creating a substance abuse network in family medicine: lessons learned.  

PubMed

Family practice was one of several primary care specialties awarded federal contracts in 1985 to survey substance abuse training needs. Family medicine has since excelled in creating a viable substance abuse network. Key events were the sponsorship of a fellowship program, the formation of the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine (STFM) Substance Abuse Working Group, and the working group's pursuit of externally funded projects. Tangible measures of the network's success include collective funding exceeding $7.3 million, an increase in the number of substance abuse activities at annual STFM conferences, and a nearly four-fold growth in the group's membership and collaborative publications. Key factors underlying the vitality of the network that may be generalizable include: 1) initial emphasis on training family physician faculty; 2) making optimal use of the existing administrative channels within STFM; 3) acquisition of external funding; 4) some continuity of core persons working together; 5) active networking within and outside family medicine; and 6) promotion of individual success. PMID:1601241

Davis, A K; Graham, A V; Coggan, P G; Finch, J N; Fleming, M F; Brown, R L; Sherwood, R A; Henry, R; Schulz, J

1992-01-01

469

Curricular Guidelines for Pharmacy Education: Substance Abuse and Addictive Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy guidelines for required and elective instructional content concerning substance abuse for pharmacy students is presented. Recommended required content includes psychosocial aspects of drug use; pharmacology and toxicology; identification, intervention, and treatment of addiction; and legal issues.…

Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; And Others

1991-01-01

470

Substance Abuse by Elders and Self-Enhancement Bias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human service professionals regularly do not recognize the symptoms of substance abuse in older populations and are unlikely to provide intervention. In this study, human service students (N = 242) were given one of three vignettes in which the main character was an 80-year-old man, an 80-year-old woman, or they were asked to imagine themselves at…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

2009-01-01

471

General and Specific Psychotherapy Role Induction with Substance Abusing Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful outcome in psychotherapy depends, in part, on clients' preconceptions and expectations. Research has shown that inaccurate expectations are more prevalent among lower socioeconomic status clients, who also represent the majority of substance abusers in community treatment programs. To investigate the effect of general and specific…

Stark, Michael J.; Kane, Barbara J.

472

Therapeutic Recreation Interventions in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs. Research Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most research on the effectiveness of therapeutic recreation in substance abuse treatment is either theory-based and programmatic or descriptive. This paper examines the research, noting multicultural and interdisciplinary issues. The few existing studies present generally positive results, though not always due solely to the therapeutic…

Malkin, Marjorie J.; And Others

1996-01-01

473

Gender Differences in Homeless Persons with Schizophrenia and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to test thegeneralizability of previous research on genderdifferences between men and women with co-occurringschizophrenia and substance abuse. One hundred eightpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorderinvolved in a study of treatment for homeless personswere interviewed for information regarding substanceuse, social functioning and support, comorbid disorders, victimization, medical illness, and legaltroubles. We found that women had

Mary Brunette; Robert E. Drake

1998-01-01

474

Racial Disparities in Substance Abuse Treatment and the Ecological Fallacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined engagement in treatment in substance abuse treatment programs that treated primarily either African American or White clients. Findings showed higher levels of engagement in White programs; however, engagement of African Americans in White programs was similar to that of Whites and was greater than Whites in African American programs. No significant differences emerged when a mixed model

Gerald Melnick; Alexandra Duncan; Azure Thompson; Harry K. Wexler; Michael Chaple; Charles M. Cleland

2011-01-01

475

One Christian's Understanding of Substance Abuse: Disease, Decision, Addiction, Dependency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sees both sin and disease as involved in varying degrees in different substance abusers. Moreover, two additional elements come into play. One is addiction, the physical need for a drug characterized by withdrawal sickness. The other is dependency, the spiritual need for the drug in which the drug becomes a god in the individual's life. It may be

Otto B. Schultz

1998-01-01

476

Physical activity programs offered in substance abuse treatment facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responses from 50 practicing therapeutic recreation specialists indicate that physical activity programs are an important part of substance abuse treatment. Walking, games, sports, weight training, and aerobics were offered most frequently. Respondents expressed concern about their academic preparation in physical activities and offered suggestions for curricular revision. Recreation or activity therapists responding to this survey indicated that additional coursework would

David Kremer; Marjorie J. Malkin; John J. Benshoff

1995-01-01

477

Physical Activity as a Helpful Adjunct to Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

While limited research exists on the topic of physical activity as an adjunct to substance abuse treatment, a review of relevant multidisciplinary literature indicates a logical rationale for its potential benefits to recovery from addiction. This article provides an overview of common variables that contribute to addictive disease and summarizes the relationship of regular physical activity to improvements on many

D J Williams; William B. Strean

2004-01-01

478

A Dynamical Systems Analysis of Adolescent Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several competing dynamic models were applied to adolescent substance abuse using a cohort of 3,580 participants in a longitudinal study beginning in grade five. Evidence was found for an intrinsic self-regulating mechanism in adolescent smoking and drinking. Support for a dampened linear oscillator model is discussed. (SLD)

Boker, Steven M.; Graham, John

1998-01-01

479

Adults Aged 65 or Older in Substance Abuse Treatment: 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Adults aged 65 to 69 made up the largest part of the substance abuse treatment population aged 65 or older, increasing from 56 percent of older adults in treatment in 1995 to 59 percent in 2005. In each year from 1995 to 2005, alcohol was the most frequen...

2007-01-01

480

Rethinking Rites of Passage: Substance Abuse on America's Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the dramatic increase in and intensity of binge drinking (consuming more than five drinks in one sitting) on American college and university campuses--now considered the number one substance abuse problem in American college life. Anecdotal evidence indicates that many students drink more, more frequently, and with the…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

481

Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Organizational Change and Quality of Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse treatment agencies serving youth face unique barriers to providing quality care. Interviews with 17 adolescent programs found that family engagement, community involvement, and gender and diversity issues affected treatment delivery. Programs report organizational change efforts with implications for future process improvement…

Rieckmann, Traci; Fussell, Holly; Doyle, Kevin; Ford, Jay; Riley, Katherine J.; Henderson, Stuart

2011-01-01

482

Medical Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the prevalence and frequency of medical marijuana diversion and use among adolescents in substance abuse treatment and to identify factors related to their medical marijuana use. Method: This study calculated the prevalence and frequency of diverted medical marijuana use among adolescents (n = 164), ages 14-18 years (mean age…

Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Sakai, Joseph T.; Thurstone, Christian; Corley, Robin; Hopfer, Christian

2012-01-01

483

Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review synthesized findings from 17 studies since 1998 regarding evaluation of outpatient treatments for adolescent substance abuse. These studies represented systematic design advances in adolescent clinical trial science. The research examined 46 different intervention conditions with a total sample of 2,307 adolescents. The sample included 7 individual cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) replications (n = 367), 13 group CBT replications (n = 771), 17

Holly Barrett Waldron; Charles W. Turner

2008-01-01

484

A Review of Gender Differences among Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a review of various types of literature on gender differences among substance abusers. The authors begin this literature review by summarizing the literature on the differing treatment needs of men and women. The authors continue with a review of the empirically based literature on gender differences in background…

Pelissier, Bernadette; Jones, Nicole

2005-01-01

485

Substance Abuse Treatment Clinician Opinions and Infectious Disease Service Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse treatment programs are an important platform for delivery of services for infectious diseases associated with drug and alcohol use. However, important components of infectious disease care are not universally provided. Clinician training often focuses on information about infectious diseases and less attention is paid to provider opinions and attitudes that may be barriers to providing infectious diseases services.

Kathlene Tracy; Lawrence S. Brown; Steven Kritz; Donald Alderson; Jim Robinson; Edmund J. Bini; Michael Levy; Donald Calsyn; Traci Rieckmann; Bret Fuller; Pat McAuliffe; John Rotrosen

2009-01-01

486

The Juvenile and Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Program: An Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Juvenile and Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Program (JASAP) is a curriculum-based prevention and health promotion program for youth between the ages of 13 to 18 years in Fulton County, Georgia. The program was established in 2007 to promote healthy decision-making skills that would eventually lead to informed choices and decisions…

Talpade, Medha; Lynch, Diane; Lattimore, Barbara; Graham, Ashlee

2008-01-01

487

Antisocial Personality Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Substance Abuse in Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The validity of subtypes based on antisocial personality disorder (APD) or childhood conduct disorder without adult APD (CD only) in patients with schizophrenia (or schizoaffective disorder) and a substance use disorder (abuse or dependence) was examined. APD patients scored lower on personality measures related to socialization and higher on antisocial behavior, psychopathy, and aggression. APD patients also reported higher rates

Kim T. Mueser; Robert E. Drake; Theimann H. Ackerson; Arthur I. Alterman; Keith M. Miles; Douglas L. Noordsy

1997-01-01

488

Therapeutic Community Treatment for Substance Abusers With Antisocial Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared treatment outcomes of substance abusers with and without antisocial personality disorder (APD) randomly assigned to two therapeutic communities, differing primarily in length of inpatient and outpatient treatment. We hypothesized that APD clients would be less likely to complete treatment, more likely to test positive for drugs and recidivate at follow-up, and that APD clients in the Standard

Nena P Messina; Eric D Wish; Susanna Nemes

1999-01-01

489

CSAP Substance Abuse Resource Guide: Parents, Guardians, and Caregivers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and guardians have a tremendous influence on the attitudes and behavior of their children, especially when it comes to substance abuse. Information and referrals to assist parents and guardians, as well as information and resources for prevention specialists and community leaders, are provided in this resource guide. The guide was compiled…

Miller, Andrea B., Ed.

490

What Perioperative Nurses Need to Know About Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse can occur with legal drugs (eg, alcohol, tobacco, prescription medications), illegal drugs that are purchased on the street, or prescription drugs used for reasons other than health. Alcohol is the most commonly used legal drug, and cocaine, heroin, and marijuana are the most commonly used illegal drugs. Each drug has specific effects on body systems. Some drugs can

Barbara Bailes

1998-01-01

491

Buprenorphine diffusion: the attitudes of substance abuse treatment counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In October 2002, the Food and Drug Administration approved buprenorphine for use in the treatment of opioid dependence. Successful diffusion, adoption, and implementation of this medication within the treatment field depend in part on substance abuse counselors. Using questionnaire data obtained from 2,298 counselors in community-based treatment programs in the private and public sectors between June 2002 and July 2004,

Hannah K. Knudsen; Lori J. Ducharme; Paul M. Roman; Tanja Link

2005-01-01

492

A review of attitude of medical professionals toward substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Accident and Emergency Department is the location where emergency life support is provided for critically ill patients. However, given the current increasing trend of substance abuse among young people in Hong Kong, medical professionals have become key persons in the provision of care for those persons exhibiting problems related to use, including overdoses. Lack of awareness and understanding of

Grace Au

493

Substance abuse integration in nursing education: An innovative collaborative model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the outcomes of a 3?year faculty development project, the Nursing School Education Collaborative (NSEC), implemented in four baccalaureate schools of nursing. The focus of the NSEC was to strengthen educational programs through faculty development and curriculum integration in the area of substance abuse and addictions education. A comprehensive needs assessment process is outlined, and faculty development and

Patricia D. Hayes

2002-01-01

494

Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review synthesized findings from 17 studies since 1998 regarding evaluation of outpatient treatments for adolescent substance abuse. These studies represented systematic design advances in adolescent clinical trial science. The research examined 46 different intervention conditions with a total sample of 2,307 adolescents. The sample included…

Waldron, Holly Barrett; Turner, Charles W.

2008-01-01

495

Correlates of Burnout in Inpatient Substance Abuse Treatment Therapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the occupational and personal characteristics and stressors that might be correlated with burnout among inpatient therapists (N=79) in substance abuse treatment facilities. Results show that recovering therapists had a higher sense of personal accomplishment than nonrecovering therapists. Therapists with more social support also enjoyed…

Elman, Barnett D.; Dowd, Edmund Thomas

1997-01-01

496

Substance abuse and the course of welfare dependency.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: New provisions in welfare reform target recipients with addictions, even though there is limited research on how substance abuse affects people's experiences on welfare. This prospective study examined substance abuse as a determinant of subsequent welfare dependency. METHODS: Representative samples of clients on Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and general assistance in a California county were interviewed while applying for services in 1989 and were reinterviewed in 1995. RESULTS: Among AFDC recipients, substance abuse was not a significant determinant of long welfare stays, repeat welfare use, or the total time a person remained on welfare during the 6-year period. However, substance abuse was a strong predictor of repeat welfare use among general assistance recipients. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol and drug problems have played dramatically different roles in welfare dependency within the AFDC and general assistance populations. Under welfare reform, local general assistance programs will be the final safety net for recipients removed from federal entitlement programs. These programs will probably be confronted with clients with more complex disabilities related to addiction, as well as with greater family needs for cash assistance. PMID:9807526

Schmidt, L; Weisner, C; Wiley, J

1998-01-01

497

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Treating Trauma and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a new psychological methodology that has been applied to a wide range of psychological disorders. Clinical reports over the past three years indicate that it is an important addition to the treatment of substance abuse. EMDR offers a structured, client-centered model that integrates key elements of intrapsychic, behavioral, cognitive, body-oriented, and interactional approac

Francine Shapiro; Silke Vogelmann-Sine; Larry F. Sine

1994-01-01

498

A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a 20 session cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention was tested on seventh grade students (n = 1,311) from 10 suburban New York junior high schools. The prevention strategy attempted to reduce intrapersonal pressure to smoke, drink excessively, or use marijuana by fostering the development of general life skills as well as teaching students tactics for resisting

GILBERT J. BOTVIN; ELI BAKER; NANCY L. RENICK; ANNE D. FILAZZOLA; ELIZABETH M. BOTVIN

1984-01-01

499

Adolescents and Substance Abuse: Warning Signs and School Counseling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescence is a challenging time for many young persons. Navigating the academic, personal/social, and career planning challenges associated with adolescence indeed is challenging even with excellent school, family, and community support. For those adolescents struggling with substance use and abuse, these challenges become even greater. School…

Fuller, LaShonda B.

2012-01-01

500

Growth and Empowerment for Indigenous Australians in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes psychosocial outcomes of an Indigenous residential substance abuse rehabilitation centre in Australia, examines the sensitivity to change of the new Growth and Empowerment Measure (GEM), and explores the degree to which service users value cultural components of the treatment program. Participants were 57 Indigenous and 46…

Berry, Stacey L.; Crowe, T. P.; Deane, F. P.; Billingham, M.; Bhagerutty, Y.

2012-01-01