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1

Domestic violence and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The females and children have been the victims of family violence in most societies and cultures. The use of tobacco, alcohol and narcotic drugs are responsible in aggravating the violence. Incidences of domestic violence is significantly higher in substance abusers than others. It is equally present in countries where the status of women is high. Education level and economic status

R. V. Bhatt

1998-01-01

2

Substance Abuse and Violence: Cause and Consequence  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Substance abuse has been associated with violent behavior for many decades. While the relationship is the same today as it was in the past, the pervasiveness of the association, and the consequences, are more dramatic. There are two ways in which substance abuse is related to violence. First, violence can be and is perpetrated under the influence of substances, and

Elaine M. Johnson; Myron L. Belfer

1995-01-01

3

Substance Abuse and Violence: Cause and Consequence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse has been associated with violent behavior for many decades. While the relationship is the same today as it was in the past, the pervasiveness of the association, and the consequences, are more dramatic. There are two ways in which substance abuse is related to violence. First, violence can be and is perpetrated under the influence of substances, and

M. D. Myron L. Belfer

1995-01-01

4

Substance Abuse and Violence: Cause and Consequence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two ways in which substance abuse is related to violence: trade in drugs and being under the influence of drugs. The paper argues that reducing the demand for drugs by eliminating the market for them will bring about a reciprocal reduction in substance abuse-related violence. (GR)

Johnson, Elaine M.; Belfer, Myron L.

1995-01-01

5

The Comparability of Male Violent Substance Abusers in Violence or Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The abuse of alcohol is strongly associated with violent behavior in general and domestic violence in particular. The present study examined the compara-bility of dual-problem (i.e., substance abuse and conjugal violence) men in substance abuse and violence treatment milieus. Thirty males in substance abuse treatment and 33 men in violence treatment were identified as being dual-problematic and were administered the

Thomas G. Brown; Thomas Caplan; Annette Werk; Peter Seraganian

1999-01-01

6

Substance Abuse, Violence, HIV, and Depression  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence from the literature suggests that substance abuse, violence, HIV risk, depressive symptoms, and underlying socioeconomic conditions are tied intrinsically to health disparities among Latinas. Although these health and social conditions appear to comprise a syndemic, an underlying phenomenon disproportionately accounting for the burden of disease among marginalized groups, these hypothesized relationships have not been formally tested. Objectives The aim of this study was to assess (a) if substance abuse, violence, HIV risk, and depressive symptoms comprised a syndemic and (b) if this syndemic was related to socioeconomic disadvantage among Latinas. Methods Baseline assessment data from a randomized controlled community trial testing the efficacy of an HIV risk reduction program for adult Latinas (n = 548) were used to measure demographic variables, substance abuse, violence, risk for HIV, and depressive symptoms. Structural equation modeling was used to test a single underlying syndemic factor model and any relation to socioeconomic disadvantage. Results The results of this study support the idea that HIV risk, substance abuse, violence, and depressive symptoms comprise a syndemic, ?2(27) = 53.26, p < .01 (relative ?2 = 1.97, comparative fit index = .91, root mean square error of approximation = .04). In addition, in limited accord with theory, this factor was related to 2 measures of socioeconomic disadvantage, percentage of years in the United States (b = 7.55, SE = 1.53, p < .001) and education (b = ?1.98, SE = .87, p < .05). Discussion The results of this study could be used to guide public health programs and policies targeting behavioral health disparity conditions among Latinos and other vulnerable populations. Further study of the influence of gender-role expectations and community-level socioeconomic indicators may provide additional insight into this syndemic. PMID:21522030

González-Guarda, Rosa Maria; McCabe, Brian E.; Florom-Smith, Aubrey; Cianelli, Rosina; Peragallo, Nilda

2011-01-01

7

Addressing intimate partner violence in substance-abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the use of partner-involved therapies for alcoholism and drug abuse become more common in substance-abuse treatment programs, providers are more frequently encountering one of the most challenging and politically charged public health issues of our time: intimate partner violence (IPV). Recent investigations reveal 40–60% of married or cohabiting substance-abusing patients report episodes of partner aggression in the year preceding

William Fals-Stewart; Cheryl Kennedy

2005-01-01

8

Violence perpetration and childhood abuse among men and women in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite an association between violence perpetration and substance use, the characteristics associated with violence among patients in treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) are not well documented. Data were gathered from a national sample of men (n = 4,459) and women (n = 1,774) entering SUD treatment on history of violence perpetration, exposure to childhood physical abuse (CPA) and childhood

Mandi L. Burnette; Mark Ilgen; Susan M. Frayne; Emma Lucas; Julia Mayo; Julie C. Weitlauf

2008-01-01

9

Barriers to addressing substance abuse in domestic violence court.  

PubMed

Substance abuse commonly co-occurs with intimate partner violence among both perpetrators and survivors. Specialized courts that focus on intimate partner violence provide a unique opportunity to address both problems simultaneously, but research has yet to identify whether this happens. In this qualitative study of a domestic violence court in a large midwestern metropolitan area, key informants were interviewed to understand how the Court treats substance abuse. Results indicate that substance abuse typically is not identified among perpetrators or survivors going through the Court unless it is mentioned in a police report. Barriers to such identification are the organization of the Court, bounded definition of actors' roles in the Court, limited resources, and negative attitudes towards survivors. These results suggest that specialized courts that attend to only one problem may overlook the possibility of addressing issues that commonly co-occur. PMID:24452529

Riger, Stephanie; Bennett, Larry W; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig

2014-03-01

10

Substance Abuse and Relationship Violence Among Men Court-Referred to Batterers' Intervention Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is extensive theoretical and empirical evidence linking substance abuse and marital violence. However in batterer populations, researchers have not compared hazardous and nonhazardous drinkers' substance use characteristics, marital aggression, extramarital violence (i.e., general violence), depressive symptomatology, marital satisfaction, and other relevant variables. In addition, much of the previous research on substance use and abuse in batterer populations employed a

Gregory L. Stuart; Todd M. Moore; Christopher W. Kahler; Susan E. Ramsey

2003-01-01

11

Violence against Native Women in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many mental health problems among substance abusing populations are directly linked to high rates of abuse and trauma. There is increasing evidence of associations between childhood physical and sexual abuse to adult substance use and HIV-risk behavior. The relationship of abuse, mental health problems, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual…

Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

2006-01-01

12

Violence against substance-abusing South African sex workers: intersection with culture and HIV risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Republic of South Africa has become an epicentre of heterosexual HIV transmission among Black women, and the interface between violence against women, substance abuse, and HIV risk is becoming evident. This paper describes the characteristics of Black South African women who engage in sex work in Pretoria and examines their intersecting experiences of high-risk sexual behaviour, substance abuse, and

W. M. Wechsberg; W. K. Luseno; W. K. Lam

2005-01-01

13

Counselor Treatment of Coexisting Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the philosophical issues hindering the linkage of substance abuse and domestic violence treatment. Results suggest that counselors tend to use treatment models that could not concurrently assign responsibility and address either present or past victimization. (Author)

Chartas, Nicole D.; Culbreth, John R.

2001-01-01

14

Substance abuse interface with intimate partner violence: what treatment programs need to know.  

PubMed

This article provides suggestions for skill development for substance abuse (SA) treatment agencies and providers for implementing Treatment Improvement Protocol number 25: Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence. Methods for detecting, screening, intervening, and referring victims and perpetrators of intimate partner violence enrolled in SA treatment are presented. Evidence-based brief intervention is presented. A 2-minute screen for domestic violence as well as danger assessment for lethality of abuse and the Conflict Tactics Scales 2 are reviewed. A survey of interventions aimed at establishing trust, brief intervention from best practice, guidelines for safety planning, compliance strategies for SA treatment, and community resource development are presented. PMID:20971338

Brackley, Margaret H; Williams, Gail B; Wei, Christina C

2010-12-01

15

Problem Gambling and Violence Among Community-Recruited Female Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem gambling (PG) may be associated with depression, victimization, and violence characterizing a substance-abusing lifestyle. The study explored associations of PG with these correlates among heavy-drinking and drug-using out-of-treatment women recently enrolled in 2 National Institutes of Health-funded, community-based HIV prevention trials. Female substance abusers with PG (n = 180) and without PG (NPG; n = 425) were examined according

Renee M. Cunningham-Williams; Arbi Ben Abdallah; Catina Callahan; Linda Cottler

2007-01-01

16

Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major goal of this TIP, on the best practice guidelines to improve the treatment of substance abuse, is to provide clinicians, educators, and paraprofessionals with the latest findings concerning domestic violence. The information is intended to educate providers about the needs and behaviors of batterers and survivors, and how to tailor…

Cook, Paddy; Gartner, Constance Grant; Markl, Lise; Henderson, Randi; Brooks, Margaret K.; Wesson, Donald; Dogoloff, Mary Lou; Vitzthum, Virginia; Hayes, Elizabeth

17

Domestic violence, alcohol and substance abuse Violência doméstica, abuso de álcool e substâncias psicoativas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence and substance abuse are common in primary care patients. Although these problems are associated with severe physical and psychological sequelae, they are often undiagnosed. This article provides an overview of the prevalence of these problems, the health-related consequences for adults, children and elderly, as well as the challenges for clinicians in screening, assessment and referral.

Monica L Zilberman; Sheila B Blume

2005-01-01

18

Violência doméstica, abuso de álcool e substâncias psicoativas Domestic violence, alcohol and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence and substance abuse are common in primary care patients. Although these problems are associated with severe physical and psychological sequelae, they are often undiagnosed. This article provides an overview of the prevalence of these problems, the health-related consequences for adults, children and elderly, as well as the challenges for clinicians in screening, assessment and referral.

Monica L Zilberman; Sheila B Blume

2005-01-01

19

Criminal Violence and Drug Use: An Exploratory Study among Substance Abusers in Residential Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between criminal violence and type of substance abuse among 184 current and former residents of an inpatient non-hospital drug and alcohol treatment facility. The criminal justice system functioned as the source of referral into the program for 89% of the subjects studied while only 11% came to treatment…

Workowski, Eric J.

2003-01-01

20

The comparative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) and substance abuse treatment alone: a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Research has shown that treatments that solely addressed intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration were not very effective in reducing IPV, possibly due to neglecting individual differences between IPV perpetrators. A large proportion of IPV perpetrators is diagnosed with co-occurring substance use disorders and it has been demonstrated that successful treatment of alcohol dependence among alcohol dependent IPV perpetrators also led to less IPV. The current study investigated the relative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) to cognitive behavioral treatment addressing substance use disorders including only one session addressing partner violence (CBT-SUD+) among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV. Substance use and IPV perpetration were primary outcome measures. Method Patients who entered substance abuse treatment were screened for IPV. Patients who disclosed at least 7 acts of physical IPV in the past year (N?=?52) were randomly assigned to either I-StoP or CBT-SUD+. Patients in both conditions received 16 treatment sessions. Substance use and IPV perpetration were assessed at pretreatment, halfway treatment and posttreatment in blocks of 8 weeks. Both completers and intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses were performed. Results Patients (completers and ITT) in both conditions significantly improved regarding substance use and IPV perpetration at posttreatment compared with pretreatment. There were no differences in outcome between conditions. Completers in both conditions almost fully abstained from IPV in 8 weeks before the end of treatment. Conclusions Both I-StoP and CBT-SUD+ were effective in reducing substance use and IPV perpetration among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV and self-disclosed IPV perpetration. Since it is more cost and time-effective to implement CBT-SUD+ than I-StoP, it is suggested to treat IPV perpetrators in substance abuse treatment with CBT-SUD+. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00847873 PMID:24059784

2013-01-01

21

REDUCING SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN PUNJABI SIKH COMMUNITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the importance of exploring spirituality in working with Punjabi Sikh men who have substance abuse issues and have committed violence towards their spouse. Seventeen in-depth interviews were conducted with South Asian front-line workers that included police officers, probation officers, counselors, social workers, child protection workers and victim service workers. The audio-taped data were transcribed and analyzed by

Gurjit Thandi

2011-01-01

22

A comparison of substance abuse and violence in the prediction of long-term rehabilitation outcomes after traumatic brain injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bogner JA, Corrigan JD, Mysiw WJ, Clinchot D, Fugate L. A comparison of substance abuse and violence in the prediction of long-term rehabilitation outcomes after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82:571-7. Objective: To determine the relative contributions of substance abuse history and violent etiology to the prediction of outcomes for individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Jennifer A Bogner; John D Corrigan; W. Jerry Mysiw; Daniel Clinchot; Lisa Fugate

2001-01-01

23

Relationship of Substance Use\\/Abuse with Psychological and Physical Intimate Partner Violence: Variations Across Living Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses whether the relationship between illicit drug use\\/abuse measures and intimate partner violence (IPV)\\u000a varies across socioeconomic status, racial status, and environmental indictors of a drug supportive culture. Data from 19,131\\u000a respondents who were living with intimate partners and had not been treated for a substance abuse problem in the last year\\u000a and participated in the National Household

Loretta J. Stalans; Jennifer Ritchie

2008-01-01

24

Paraprofessional Home Visitors' Perspectives on Addressing Poor Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Domestic Violence: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to understand paraprofessional home visitors' perceptions of their training in addressing poor mental health, substance abuse, and domestic violence, and their actions in working with families in addressing these issues. Five focus groups were conducted with a total of 28 paraprofessional home visitors. Three main…

Tandon, S. Darius; Mercer, Constance D.; Saylor, Elizabeth L.; Duggan, Anne K.

2008-01-01

25

Addressing substance abuse in obstetrics and gynecology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse has far-reaching and long-lasting implications not only for women, but for their children and families as well. Substance abuse disorders are related to a host of biopsychosocial problems including severe medical and obstetric complications, poverty and unemployment, relational and parenting problems, domestic violence, and child abuse. Despite the seriousness of the problem, because substance abuse has typically been

Nina D Uziel-Miller; Nehama Dresner

2002-01-01

26

Sexual Orientation Disparities in Substance Misuse: The Role of Childhood Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence Among Patients in Care at an Urban Community Health Center  

PubMed Central

This study examined disparities in lifetime substance misuse by sexual orientation among 2,653 patients engaged in care at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, as well as the potential mediating roles of childhood abuse violence (IPV). Violence indicators were highly associated with substance misuse, as was identifying as a sexual minority compared to heterosexual. CA and IPV experiences partly explained disparities in substance abuse by sexual orientation with differences seen by sex. Clinicians should assess history of CA and IPV among sexual minorities presenting with a history of substance abuse disorders. The study's limitations are noted. PMID:23368669

Reisner, Sari L; Falb, Kathryn L; Van Wagenen, Aimee; Grasso, Chris; Bradford, Judith

2014-01-01

27

CULTURAL PHENOMENA AND THE SYNDEMIC FACTOR: SUBSTANCE ABUSE, VIOLENCE, HIV, AND DEPRESSION AMONG HISPANIC WOMEN  

PubMed Central

Researchers exploring the health of Hispanics in South Florida utilizing a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods have identified that substance abuse, violence, risky sexual behavior, and depression are not only conceptualized as tightly interrelated health and social problems, but also hold together in a measurement model to represent an underlying phenomenon (i.e., the Syndemic Factor). The purpose of this study is to test hypothesized relationships between cultural phenomena and the Syndemic Factor among community-dwelling Hispanic women. Standardized questionnaires assessing Acculturation, Hispanic Stress, Familism, and the Syndemic Factor were administered to a cross-sectional sample of 548 Hispanic women from South Florida. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze relationships. The model explained 61 percent of the variance in the Syndemic Factor. There was a large positive relationship between the Syndemic Factor and Hispanic Stress, and a small inverse relationship between the Syndemic Factor and Familism. Women with high Hispanic Acculturation and low U.S. Acculturation scored lower on the Syndemic Factor than Integrated/Bicultural women. Familism buffered the relationship between Hispanic Stress and the Syndemic Factor. Structural, community, family, and individual prevention strategies that address underlying conditions associated with the Syndemic Factor must be developed and formally evaluated. PMID:24575326

Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa M.; McCabe, Brian E.; Vermeesch, Amber L.; Cianelli, Rosina; Florom-Smith, Aubrey L.; Peragallo, Nilda

2014-01-01

28

Parenting of Men with Co-Occurring Intimate Partner Violence and Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

Objective No studies to date have compared parenting behaviors of men with co-occurring intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance abuse (SA) with community controls. This study was designed to document mediators of differences in parenting behavior of fathers and the emotional-behavioral problems of their children for men with co-occurring SA and IPV. Method The self-reported parenting (negative, positive and co-parenting behaviors) and the child emotional-behavioral problems of 43 fathers with children aged 2 to 6 years with a recent history of SA + IPV were compared to a sample of 43 community control fathers with the same socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. Fathers completed measures on their parenting behavior with a target child, co-parenting behavior with the child’s mother, emotion regulation, romantic attachment, psychiatric symptoms, and the behavior of the target child. Results Men with co-occurring SA + IPV had significantly less positive co-parenting and more negative parenting behaviors than community control fathers. Negative parenting and co-parenting were mediated by the fathers’ avoidant attachment problems. SA + IPV fathers also reported more emotional and behavioral problems in their children. These poor child outcome differences between groups were mediated by the negative parenting behaviors of the fathers. Conclusions These results suggest areas of potential focus in interventions with fathers who have co-occurring SA + IPV issues. Focus on attachment difficulties with his co-parent, which may include affect regulation, coping with emotions, and communication skills training related to co-parenting, may yield significant changes in parenting behaviors and ultimately child functioning. PMID:23422845

Stover, Carla Smith; Easton, Caroline; McMahon, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

29

Domestic Violence & Abuse Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships  

E-print Network

Domestic Violence & Abuse Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships Domestic violence and abuse can the abuse is psychological, rather than physical. Emotional abuse is often minimized, yet it can leave deep and lasting scars. Noticing and acknowledging the warning signs and symptoms of domestic violence and abuse

Leistikow, Bruce N.

30

Social Desirability and Partner Agreement of Men's Reporting of Intimate Partner Violence in Substance Abuse Treatment Settings.  

PubMed

Estimates indicate that intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs in approximately 30% of relationships and up to 85% of the relationships of men in substance abuse treatment. However, partners consistently display poor agreement in reporting the presence of IPV. Social desirability is frequently offered as the primary reason for under-reporting of IPV by perpetrators. The goal of the current study was to explicitly test the social desirability hypothesis using both partners' reports of negotiation, psychological aggression, physical aggression, sexual aggression, and injuries in a substance abuse treatment sample. A total of 54 males and their female partners were recruited from a residential adult substance use treatment facility. Consistent with prior literature, partners displayed poor agreement about the presence of different types of IPV. The male partner's social desirability was not associated with his reporting of male-to-female physical aggression, psychological aggression, or injuries. Men who engaged in higher levels of self-deceptive enhancement and lower levels of impression management were more likely to under-report male-to-female sexual coercion. Overall, the findings question the generalized importance of social desirability in IPV reporting in substance abuse treatment populations. PMID:24923888

Freeman, Andrew J; Schumacher, Julie A; Coffey, Scott F

2015-02-01

31

Elder Abuse and Substance Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... use it as a base of operation for drug use or trafficking. The research on domestic violence shows that abusive partners are more likely to be violent while they're under the influence of drugs or alcohol. The relationship between domestic violence and ...

32

Substance Abuse, Violence, and HIV/AIDS (SAVA) Syndemic Effects on Viral Suppression Among HIV Positive Women of Color.  

PubMed

Abstract The combined epidemics of substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS, known as the SAVA syndemic, contribute to the disproportionate burden of disease among people of color in the US. To examine the association between HIV viral load suppression and SAVA syndemic variables, we used baseline data from 563 HIV+ women of color treated at nine HIV medical and ancillary care sites participating in HRSA's Special Project of National Significance Women of Color (WOC) Initiative. Just under half the women (n=260) were virally suppressed. Five psychosocial factors contributing to the SAVA syndemic were examined in this study: substance abuse, binge drinking, intimate partner violence, poor mental health, and sexual risk taking. Associations among the psychosocial factors were assessed and clustering confirmed. A SAVA score was created by summing the dichotomous (present/absent) psychosocial measures. Using generalized estimating equation (GEE) models to account for site-level clustering and individual-covariates, a higher SAVA score (0 to 5) was associated with reduced viral suppression; OR (adjusted)=0.81, 95% CI: 0.66, 0.99. The syndemic approach represents a viable framework for understanding viral suppression among HIV positive WOC, and suggests the need for comprehensive interventions that address the social/environmental contexts of patients' lives. PMID:25397666

Sullivan, Kristen A; Messer, Lynne C; Quinlivan, E Byrd

2015-01-01

33

SAFETY, HEALTH, AND WELLNESS: ASSESSING THE GOALS, MESSAGES, AND DILEMMAS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR WOMEN IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT  

E-print Network

SAFETY, HEALTH, AND WELLNESS: ASSESSING THE GOALS, MESSAGES, AND DILEMMAS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR WOMEN IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT BY ©2013 Jennifer A. Guthrie Submitted to the graduate degree program... The Dissertation Committee for Jennifer A. Guthrie certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: SAFETY, HEALTH, AND WELLNESS: ASSESSING THE GOALS, MESSAGES, AND DILEMMAS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR WOMEN...

Guthrie, Jennifer Ann

2013-08-31

34

Substance Abuse. Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the policy statement on substance abuse from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). The policy statement section lists programs and activities supported by the NCY. A section on background includes a statement of the issue of substance abuse. Areas examined in this section include alcohol abuse and drunk driving among…

National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

35

Providing Clinical Treatment to Substance Abusing Trauma Survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and clinical observation have shown that women seeking substance abuse treatment are more likely to be victims of interpersonal violence than those in the general population. Such research clearly marks a close association between early interpersonal violence and subsequent development of substance abuse and dependency. Survivors of violence are likely to become dependent upon chemicals as a way to

Caryl Trotter Steele

2000-01-01

36

Substance Abuse and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To investigate whether substance abuse is a direct factor in the explanation of homelessness or one that operates indirectly through disaffiliation and human capital processes to place individuals at greater risk of the condition.METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data on substance abuse and homeless experiences from a random probability sample of 481 homeless persons and those at risk of

Jonathan B Vangeest; Timothy P Johnson

2002-01-01

37

Linking childhood and adult criminality: using a life course framework to examine childhood abuse and neglect, substance use and adult partner violence.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children's life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. PMID:24169410

Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O'Campo, Patricia

2013-11-01

38

Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children’s life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. PMID:24169410

Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I.; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O’Campo, Patricia

2013-01-01

39

The Tangled Branches (Las Ramas Enredadas): Sexual Risk, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence Among Hispanic Men who Have Sex with Men  

PubMed Central

Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM) experience a number of health disparities including high rates of HIV infection from high risk sex, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence. Although some research is available to document the relationships of these health disparities in the literature, few studies have explored the intersection of these disparities and the factors that influence them. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences that Hispanic MSM residing in South Florida have with high risk sex, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence. Focus groups were conducted and analyzed using grounded theory methodology until data saturation was reached (n = 20). Two core categories with subcategories emerged from the data: The Roots of Risk (Los raices del riesgo) and The Tangled Branches (Las Ramas Enredadas). The results of the study provided some important clinical implications as well as directions for future research with Hispanic MSM. PMID:24084703

De Santis, Joseph P.; Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa; Provencio-Vasquez, Elias; Deleon, Diego A.

2012-01-01

40

Concurrent Treatment of Substance Abuse, Child Neglect, Bipolar Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Domestic Violence: A Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy.  

PubMed

High rates of co-occurrence between substance abuse and child neglect have been well documented and especially difficult to treat. As a first step in developing a comprehensive evidence-based treatment for use in this population, the present case examination underscores Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) in the treatment of a mother who evidenced Substance Dependence, child neglect, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar I Disorder, and domestic violence. Utilizing psychometrically validated self-report inventories and objective urinalysis, treatment was found to result in the cessation of substance use, lower risk of child maltreatment, improved parenting attitudes and practices, and reduced instances of violence in the home. The importance of utilizing validity scales in the assessment of referrals from child welfare settings is discussed, and future directions are reported in light of the results. PMID:23457426

Donohue, Brad C; Romero, Valerie; Herdzik, Karen; Lapota, Holly; Al, Ruwida Abdel; Allen, Daniel N; Azrin, Nathan H; Van Hasselt, Vincent B

2010-04-01

41

Concurrent Treatment of Substance Abuse, Child Neglect, Bipolar Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Domestic Violence: A Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy  

PubMed Central

High rates of co-occurrence between substance abuse and child neglect have been well documented and especially difficult to treat. As a first step in developing a comprehensive evidence-based treatment for use in this population, the present case examination underscores Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) in the treatment of a mother who evidenced Substance Dependence, child neglect, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar I Disorder, and domestic violence. Utilizing psychometrically validated self-report inventories and objective urinalysis, treatment was found to result in the cessation of substance use, lower risk of child maltreatment, improved parenting attitudes and practices, and reduced instances of violence in the home. The importance of utilizing validity scales in the assessment of referrals from child welfare settings is discussed, and future directions are reported in light of the results. PMID:23457426

Donohue, Brad C.; Romero, Valerie; Herdzik, Karen; Lapota, Holly; Al, Ruwida Abdel; Allen, Daniel N.; Azrin, Nathan H.; Van Hasselt, Vincent B.

2012-01-01

42

The Violence Proneness Scale of the DUSI-R predicts adverse outcomes associated with substance abuse.  

PubMed

Accuracy of the Violence Proneness Scale (VPS) of the Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI-R) was evaluated in 328 boys for predicting use of illegal drugs, DUI, selling drugs, sexually transmitted disease, car accident while under acute effects of drugs/alcohol, trading drugs for sex, injuries from a fight, and traumatic head injury. Boys were prospectively tracked from age 16 to 19 at which time these outcomes were documented in the interim period. The results demonstrated that the VPS score is a significant predictor of all outcomes. Prediction accuracy ranged between 62%-83%. These findings suggest that the VPS may be useful for identifying youths who are at high risk for using illicit drugs and commonly associated adverse outcomes. PMID:19283571

Kirisci, Levent; Tarter, Ralph; Reynolds, Maureen

2009-01-01

43

The Violence Proneness Scale of the DUSI-R Predicts Adverse Outcomes Associated with Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

Accuracy of the Violence Proneness Scale (VPS) of the Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI-R)1 was evaluated in 328 boys for predicting use of illegal drugs, DUI, selling drugs, sexually transmitted disease, car accident while under acute effects of drugs/alcohol, trading drugs for sex, injuries from a fight, and traumatic head injury. Boys were prospectively tracked from age 16 to 19 at which time these outcomes were documented in the interim period. The results demonstrated that the VPS score is a significant predictor of all outcomes. Prediction accuracy ranged between 62%-83%. These findings suggest that the VPS may be useful for identifying youths who are at high risk for using illicit drugs and commonly associated adverse outcomes. PMID:19283571

Kirisci, Levent; Tarter, Ralph; Reynolds, Maureen

2009-01-01

44

Substance Abuse and Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the identification of practical knowledge and skills needed for counseling individuals with substance abuse problems. It is a resource for practitioners, students, and faculty in school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, mental health counseling, school psychology, or social work in recognizing, preventing, and treating…

Sales, Amos, Ed.

45

Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To review evidence about mechanisms and consequences of relationships between bipolar and substance use disorders.Methods: Articles were identified using a MEDLINE search linking (1) bipolar disorder to substance use disorders, alcoholism, and specific drugs, (2) bipolar disorder and substance abuse to treatment strategies, and (3) bipolar disorder or substance abuse to behavioral sensitization, impulsivity, and suicide. We attempted to

Alan C. Swann

2005-01-01

46

Crime and Substance Abuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity, developed by the Lane Community College MAPS GIS Program, asks students to use geographical information systems (GIS) to examine the correlations between crime and substance abuse. On this site, visitors will find links to the web-based GIS viewer needed to see and manipulate the data (there are links to the viewer on many servers) and to a student version of the activity which has complete instructions and questions for students to answer.

2008-08-12

47

Violence and Risk of PTSD, Major Depression, Substance Abuse\\/Dependence, and Comorbidity: Results From the National Survey of Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a national household probability sample of 4,023 telephone-interviewed adolescents ages 12–17, this study provides prevalence, comorbidity, and risk-factor data for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive episode (MDE), and substance abuse\\/dependence (SA\\/D). Roughly 16% of boys and 19% of girls met criteria for at least 1 diagnosis. Six-month PTSD prevalence was 3.7% for boys and 6.3% for girls, 6-month

Dean G. Kilpatrick; Kenneth J. Ruggiero; Ron Acierno; Benjamin E. Saunders; Heidi S. Resnick; Connie L. Best

2003-01-01

48

Pathways to Adolescent Substance Use among Sexually Abused Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the link between childhood sexual abuse and adolescent substance use among girls, and evaluated depressive self-concept and behavioral under-control (BUC) as pathways to substance use for sexually abused girls. Participants (n = 150) were drawn from a longitudinal study of the impact of domestic violence on the lives of women…

Bailey, Jennifer A.; McCloskey, Laura Ann

2005-01-01

49

Treatment of Adolescent Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment of adolescent substance abuse poses difficult challenges to social work practitioners. Effective intervention requires awareness of assessment and treatment approaches and knowledge of individual, peer, and family factors that contribute to alcohol or drug use. Social work's emphasis on contextual factors in the etiology and maintenance of addictive disorders is an important contribution to substance abuse treatment. Practitioners are

Jeffrey M. Jenson; Matthew O. Howard; Joanne Yaffe

1995-01-01

50

Modifications to the Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (TREM) for Substance-Abusing Women with Histories of Violence: Outcomes and Lessons Learned at a Colorado Substance Abuse Treatment Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing body of literature demonstrates the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder for females seeking substance abuse treatment. Nonetheless, relatively few trauma-specific treatments have been implemented or evaluated with this population. In this quasi-experimental study (N = 170), the Trauma Recovery and…

Toussaint, Danielle W.; VanDeMark, Nancy R.; Bornemann, Angela; Graeber, Carla J.

2007-01-01

51

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph and Substance Abuse Services · Undergraduate Academic Services · Dean of Students · Their Professor during

Kunkle, Tom

52

Affective illness in substance abusers.  

PubMed

The evaluation and treatment of substance abusers are complicated tasks, requiring a multifaceted approach. In addition to the patient's substance abuse problems, a substantial minority appear to be suffering from concurrent, nondrug-related psychiatric disorders. The early identification of such individuals allows for the development of specific treatment strategies that address both the substance abuse and the associated nondrug psychopathology. On the other hand, attention to nondrug psychopathology should not preclude our simultaneously addressing the patient's substance abuse problem. Thus, manic depressive patients who are also alcoholic may need a treatment program that includes alcoholism counseling. Alcoholics Anonymous, and chronic administration of disulfiram in addition to lithium carbonate and a supportive psychotherapeutic relationship. As in other areas of medicine, attention to the "whole patient" is the sine qua non of good treatment. PMID:2877447

Mirin, S M; Weiss, R D

1986-09-01

53

Eating Disorders and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicians involved in substance abuse treatment have been aware for some time that women with alcohol or other drug abuse problems also frequently suffer from eating di s- orders. Some of the similarities, such as feelings of shame, need to hide the behavior, and the compulsive quality have led to speculations of an underlying common dynamic, and possibly to common

Joan Ellen Zweben

1987-01-01

54

Substance abuse among sex offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 461 male sex offenders were compared on their histories of alcohol and street drug use. The Drug Use Survey, Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), and Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) were examined to provide measures of 1) type and frequency of substance use, 2) mood on alcohol and drugs, and 3) alcoholism and drug abuse. Most sex

Ron Langevin; Reuben A. Lang

1990-01-01

55

Effects of Parental Substance Abuse on Current Levels of Domestic Violence: A Possible Elaboration of Intergenerational Transmission Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research conducted on the intergenerational transmission of domestic violence has framed much of its inquiry from within the context of social learning theory. Although consistently significant, the effect size of social learning-derived intergenerational transmission variables is often small. This study was undertaken in an effort to broaden the theoretical basis of intergenerational transmission of family violence by assessing if incorporating

Kenneth Corvo; Elizabeth H. Carpenter

2000-01-01

56

Substance Abuse and Woman Abuse by Male Partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

associated in the public's mind, so much so that many people believe the use of substances is a direct cause of woman abuse. Others view substance use as a risk factor which, while not a direct cause, may increase the frequency or severity of woman abuse. Still others believe substance abuse and woman abuse are separate issues, and any apparent

Larry W. Bennett

1998-01-01

57

Pregnancy and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a The fetal consequences of drug abuse during pregnancy remain underestimated. Obstetrical complications of cigarette smoking\\u000a include growth retardation, spontaneous abortion and sudden infant death syndrome; alcohol abuse leads to nutritional deficiencies\\u000a and fetal alcohol syndrome. Heroin and cocaine consumption result in medical, nutritional and social neglect; cocaine and\\u000a amphetamine cause hypertension, abruptio placentae; all three drugs of abuse cause

G. Fischer; M. Bitschnau; A. Peternell; H. Eder; A. Topitz

1999-01-01

58

Adolescent Substance Abuse and Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent substance abuse is a major public health concern. It is associated with an increased incidence of various psychiatric disorders like depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and conduct disorders and the relationship between mental and behavioral disorders and the substance use problems seems…

Dhawan, Anju; Balhara, Yatan Pal Singh; Natasha, M. Phil.

2007-01-01

59

Antitussives and substance abuse  

PubMed Central

Abuse of antitussive preparations is a continuing problem in the United States and throughout the world. Illicit, exploratory, or recreational use of dextromethorphan and codeine/promethazine cough syrups is widely described. This review describes the pharmacology, clinical effects, and management of toxicity from commonly abused antitussive formulations. PMID:24648790

Burns, Jarrett M; Boyer, Edward W

2013-01-01

60

Breastfeeding and substance abuse.  

PubMed

Breastfeeding is the recommended feeding method for infants. The decision to allow women to breastfeed while consuming alcohol and other drugs postpartum presents a problem for the health care provider. This article discusses the biochemical properties of various drugs as they relate to breastfeeding. Women in a methadone treatment program should be allowed to breast feed; however, more research is needed to determine the efficacy of breastfeeding when women are receiving buprenorphine. Breastfeeding should not be recommended in women who abuse heroin recreationally until more information is known about the actual amount of morphine present in the breast milk. PMID:23337847

D'Apolito, Karen

2013-03-01

61

Concurrent Treatment of Substance Abuse, Child Neglect, Bipolar Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Domestic Violence: A Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

High rates of co-occurrence between substance abuse and child neglect have been well-documented and especially difficult to treat. As a first step in developing a comprehensive evidence-based treatment for use in this population, the present case examination underscores Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) in the treatment of a mother who evidenced Substance Dependence, child neglect, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar I Disorder,

Brad C. Donohue; Valerie Romero; Karen Herdzik; Holly Lapota; Ruwida Abdel Al; Daniel N. Allen; Nathan H. Azrin; Vincent B. Van Hasselt

2010-01-01

62

Eating Disorders and Substance Abuse  

E-print Network

Clinicians involved in substance abuse treatment have been aware for some time that women with alcohol or other drug abuse problems also frequently suffer from eating disorders. Some of the similarities, such as feelings of shame, need to hide the behavior, and the compulsive quality have led to speculations of an underlying common dynamic, and possibly to common organic predisposing factors. The treatment challenge is complex: One does not have the luxury of postponing the exploration of anxiety-producing issues until abstinence (sobriety) is well secured. Eating disorders are health threatening and some-times life threatening, and are frequently closely connected with the alcohol or other drug abuse pattern. This article focuses on bulimia and anorexia nervosa, omitting obesity because it is not characteristically associated with a distinct psychological or behavioral pattern (Norman 1984). It aims to clarify some of these issues and to provide recommendations to the treating clinician: guidelines on when to tackle the problem within the context of the substance abuse treatment and when to refer the clients elsewhere. It will also describe the major treatment approaches in the eating disorders field and offer criteria for selecting a program or therapist with whom to collaborate.

Joan Ellen Zweben, Ph.D.

63

Temperament Style and Substance Abuse Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship of temperament to different patterns and types of alcohol abuse has received much attention over the last decade in order to provide clues to matching patients optimally to treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of temperament with a number of relevant substance abuse characteristics in a substance abusing population. One hundred forty-five

Melinda J. Henderson; Luke W. Galen; John W. DeLuca

1998-01-01

64

Instruments for Assessing Substance Abuse: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the assessment literature on substance abuse has revealed 27 separate instruments for assessing substance abuse. These include 22 alcohol instruments and five instruments for assessing other drug abuse. The instruments are listed in a table that provides the title, source, description, population, and psychometric properties of each…

Lambert, Matthew E.; Plescia, Joanne

65

Childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse treatment utilization among substance-dependent incarcerated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incarcerated women have high rates of substance abuse problems and trauma. A variety of variables may influence whether these women seek help or are referred for substance abuse problems. This study reports an exploratory project on service utilization among incarcerated substance-dependent women (N = 40) in southeastern Idaho. Using self-report and interview tools, most participants reported some substance abuse treatment

Jessica R. Peltan; Tony Cellucci

2011-01-01

66

Juvenile Offender Comprehensive Reentry Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature provides ample evidence of the relationship of substance abuse to crime. Research over the last 20 years has established a strong correlation between substance abuse and juvenile delinquency (held, 1998). Currently, there are more than 350,000 juveniles on probation and in continuing care programs in the U.S. who have substance

Watson, Donnie W.

2004-01-01

67

[Substance abuse in older adults].  

PubMed

In respect of demographic change, the number of older patients with substance abuse and addiction is on the raise. In this review we present important clinical and therapeutic aspects of substance abuse and addiction in the elderly and focus on alcohol, benzodiazepines and opioids. Daily and risky alcohol consumption is common among older people. They also have an increased risk getting alcohol-related complications. For early detection, laboratory parameters and questionnaires such as the AUDIT-C are suitable. Therapeutically brief interventions have been proved successful. Also, abuse of benzodiazepines, especially low-dose addiction, is widespread among older persons, although often overlooked, and patients often do not recognize their addiction. The physician has to know the correct indication, adequate dosage and pharmacological interactions. A slow-dose reduction is recommended in case of addiction. Thanks to opioid substitution therapy, patients with an opioidaddiction can reach a higher age. Age influences the effects of the substitute, which may require an adjustment of the dosage. Treatment of elderly patients should be based on their needs and resources and is usually very effective. PMID:25183616

Bitar, Raoul; Dürsteler, Kenneth M; Rösner, Susanne; Grosshans, Martin; Herdener, Marcus; Mutschler, Jochen

2014-09-01

68

Violence against Women: Safety Planning for Abusive Situations  

MedlinePLUS

... Get help for violence Violence Against Women Safety planning for abusive situations Click the red escape button ... left. Return to top More information on Safety planning for abusive situations Explore other publications and websites ...

69

Substance abuse, pathological gambling, and impulsiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated behavioral and self-report indices of impulsiveness in pathological gambling substance abusers (n=27), non-pathological gambling substance abusers (n=63), and non-pathological gambling\\/non-substance abusing controls (n=21). The Bechara card task measured preferences for decks of cards that ranged in magnitude and probability of delayed and immediate rewards and punishers. The Stanford Time Perception Inventory (STPI) assessed orientation to the future,

Nancy M Petry

2001-01-01

70

National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI) has developed the National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI) to provide rapid access to high quality, authoritative information on substance abuse prevention and treatment. The NSAWI currently indexes all documents residing on 24 private and government Websites, including the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), among others. The NSAWI offers a local search engine, allowing users to conduct broadcast searches of all indexed sites. However, the rudimentary search facility limits users to keyword queries.

1999-01-01

71

Eating disorders in hospitalized substance abusers.  

PubMed

Among 386 consecutive patients hospitalized for substance abuse, 15% of 143 women had a lifetime diagnosis of anorexia or bulimia nervosa, compared to only 1% of 243 men. Women with eating disorders had significantly higher rates of stimulant abuse and lower rates of opioid abuse than women without eating disorders. PMID:1562008

Hudson, J I; Weiss, R D; Pope, H G; McElroy, S K; Mirin, S M

1992-01-01

72

Latino\\/a Culture and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides descriptions of issues related to Latino\\/as, alcoholism, and substance abuse. A review of the available literature is provided, including preliminary data analyses by the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcoholism and Related Conditions conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and from the National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse. There is some evidence that

Melba J. T. Vasquez

2009-01-01

73

The mediating role of avoidance coping between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, mental health, and substance abuse among women experiencing bidirectional IPV.  

PubMed

Avoidance coping is consistently linked with negative mental health outcomes among women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). This study extended the literature examining the potentially mediating role of avoidance coping strategies on both mental health and substance use problems to a highly generalizable, yet previously unexamined population (i.e., women experiencing bidirectional IPV) and examined multiple forms of IPV (i.e., psychological, physical, and sexual) simultaneously. Among a sample of 362 women experiencing bidirectional IPV, four separate path models were examined, one for each outcome variable. Avoidance coping mediated the relationships between psychological and sexual IPV victimization and the outcomes of PTSD symptom severity, depression severity, and drug use problems. Findings indicate nuanced associations among IPV victimization, avoidance coping, and mental health and substance use outcomes. PMID:25174851

Flanagan, Julianne C; Jaquier, Véronique; Overstreet, Nicole; Swan, Suzanne C; Sullivan, Tami P

2014-12-15

74

Accessing Substance Abuse Prevention Programs for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current estimates indicate that over 6 million children live with at least one parent who is a substance abuser or is substance dependent. Children who are exposed to drug and alcohol abuse are at a greater risk of experiencing academic and behavior difficulties. Additionally, several studies have shown that students with emotional and behavioral…

Schroeder, Jennifer L.; Johnson, Gail E.

2009-01-01

75

Perceptions of Elders' Substance Abuse and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human service students' (social work, criminal justice, public administration, psychology) were surveyed (N = 242). Their perceptions about older persons' resilience and recovery from substance abuse were investigated. Overall, respondents did not agree that treating older persons for a substance abuse problem was wasteful of resources or older…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

2009-01-01

76

PTSD Substance abuse comorbidity and treatment utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigates the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of treatment-seeking substance abusers and examines the relationship between PTSD comorbidity and rates of inpatient substance abuse treatment. Eightyfour patients (48 male and 36 female) admitted for detoxification at a private hospital were administered self-report measures of lifetime stressor events, PTSD symptomatology, and prior treatment history.

Pamela J. Brown; Patricia R. Recupero; Robert Stout

1995-01-01

77

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

78

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph Services · Office of Disability Services · Their Residence Assistant or the RHD · Counseling and Substance Abuse Services · Office of Undergraduate Admissions · Dean of Students There are MANY others!!! #12

Kasman, Alex

79

Harm Reduction in MSW Substance Abuse Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional social work largely has endorsed the empirically supported paradigm of harm reduction in relation to substance abuse issues. Despite literature detailing similarities between social work and harm reduction, little is known about its presence in MSW substance abuse coursework. A purposive sample of 133 social work faculty from…

Eversman, Michael H.

2012-01-01

80

RELAPSE PREVENTION MODELS FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relapse prevention (RP) techniques have been integrated into numerous aspects of substance abuse treatment and research. One of the most promising uses of RP techniques is to provide a conceptual framework for the delivery of outpatient drug-free substance abuse treatment. A number of writers and researchers have produced models of treatment using RP principles as the central philosophy and methodology.

RICHARD A. RAWSON; JEANNE L. OBERT; MICHAEL J. McCANN; PATRICIA MARINELLI-CASEY

1993-01-01

81

Juvenile Drug Courts and Teen Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Juvenile justice officials across the United States are embracing a new method of dealing with adolescent substance abuse. Importing a popular innovation from adult courts, state and local governments have started hundreds of specialized drug courts to provide judicial supervision and coordinate substance abuse treatment for drug-involved…

Butts, Jeffrey A., Ed.; Roman, John, Ed.

2004-01-01

82

76 FR 62293 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...During National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, we...Americans with diagnosable substance abuse or dependence problems...pain and heartbreak it causes. Relationships are destroyed...dreams are shattered. Substance abuse touches every...

2011-10-07

83

Substance abuse precedes Internet addiction.  

PubMed

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate possible overlapping substance abuse and internet addiction in a large, uniformly sampled population, ranging in age from 13 to 18 years. Participants (N=73,238) in the current study were drawn from the 6th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS-V) for students from 400 middle schools and 400 high schools in 16 cities within South Korea. Of adolescent internet users, 85.2% were general users (GU), 11.9% were users with potential risk for internet addiction (PR), and 3.0% were users with high risk for internet addiction (HR). There was a difference in the number of students with alcohol drinking among the GU, PR, and HR groups (20.8% vs 23.1% vs 27.4%). There was a difference in the number of students who smoked among the GS, PR, and HR groups (11.7% vs 13.5% vs 20.4%). There was a difference in the number of students with drug use among the GU, PR, and HR groups (1.7% vs 2.0% vs 6.5%). After adjusting for sex, age, stress, depressed mood, and suicidal ideation, smoking may predict a high risk for internet addiction (OR=1.203, p=0.004). In addition, drug use may predict a high risk for internet addiction (OR=2.591, p<0.001). Because students with a high risk for internet addiction have vulnerability for addictive behaviors, co-morbid substance abuse should be evaluated and, if found, treated in adolescents with internet addiction. PMID:23384457

Lee, Young Sik; Han, Doug Hyun; Kim, Sun Mi; Renshaw, Perry F

2013-04-01

84

Substance abuse among oral healthcare workers.  

PubMed

The abuse of both licit and illicit substances by the general population affects at least one in ten people. Research shows that the oral healthcare worker has at least the same prevalence of substance abuse, perhaps even higher. The emergence of prescription drug abuse is one of the most worrying and dangerous aspects for the healthcare worker, due to ease of access to such drugs. According to the United Nations, prescription drug abuse is amongst the top three practices of substance abuse. We have an obligation to incorporate the evidence of substance abuse among oral healthcare professionals in our undergraduate dental curricula in order to combat this phenomenon. As the stress of daily survival in single practitioner practices increase, so will the danger of substance abuse. This may lead to impairment of the healthcare worker and ultimately loss of registration. It will take a combined effort from organised dentistry and academic institutions to establish a national strategy to ensure we address this important issue at undergraduate level and provide support at practitioner level. This paper will deal with substance abuse and the implications of impairment it holds for the oral healthcare worker. PMID:24984387

Marnewick, J C; van Zyl, A W

2014-05-01

85

Science and policy in substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (SATPP) is an open access, peer-reviewed international journal of original research and scholarship that focuses on policy issues in the treatment and prevention of substance use disorders. Separate and often disparate public systems deal with substance use problems as well as provide treatment and prevention. This journal will provide an environment for the exchange

Stephan Arndt

2006-01-01

86

Substance abuse as a symptom of childhood sexual abuse.  

PubMed

The recovery process of a 37-year-old woman with adult onset posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is presented. The patient had suffered childhood sexual abuse and had self-medicated for many years with drugs and alcohol to maintain the dissociation of memories of abuse and to facilitate interpersonal functioning. Upon onset of PTSD, the patient's substance abuse became a full-blown addiction that was highly resistant to treatment. It became evident that her substance abuse symbolically repeated her traumatization. In reexperiencing the affects associated with her earlier trauma (despair, denial, shame, and helplessness) as part of her substance abuse and in the transference, the patient was able to gain mastery over these affects and, subsequently, was able to achieve a stable recovery from both illnesses. PMID:11684754

Teusch, R

2001-11-01

87

Is Screening for Depression in the Perinatal Period Enough? The Co-Occurrence of Depression, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence in Culturally Diverse Pregnant Women  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background The perinatal period provides unique opportunities to identify and intervene with the co-occurrence of perinatal depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use problems. Psychosocial screening recommended for women seen in maternal child health settings tends to target single rather than multiple risk factors; there is limited research examining the co-occurrence of these issues especially in racially and ethnically diverse women across the perinatal period. These analyses explore the relationships of sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics in a large, diverse sample of women. Method Women receiving perinatal services at routinely scheduled visits, including the 6-week postpartum visit, were recruited from 10 community obstetric/gynecologic clinics. Data were collected on perinatal depression, IPV, maternal substance use, and sociodemographic characteristics by bilingual, bicultural research assistants. Results A total of 1868 women were screened, 1526 (82%) Latina, 1099 (58.8%) interviewed in Spanish; 20.4% (n=382) screened positive for depressive symptoms based on an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 10 or above, 20.9% reported harmful drinking, 4.3% reported drug use, 23% reported substance use problems, and 3.5% reported current or recent IPV. Women who were Black, Asian, Pacific Islander, or other race/ethnicity had greater odds for depressive symptoms relative to women who were Hispanic or Latino (odds ratio [OR]=1.81, p=0.005). Women reporting substance use problems (OR=2.37, p<0.0001) and IPV (OR=3.98, p<0.0001) had higher odds for depressive symptoms. Conclusion In a predominately Latina sample, 1 in 5 mothers (20.4%) screened positive for depressive symptoms and over one third (36.7%) reported one or more psychosocial issues during the perinatal period. Screening for multiple risk factors rather than just one can help clinicians tailor interventions for the successful management of psychosocial issues. PMID:23931153

Hazen, Andrea L.; Baker-Ericzén, Mary J.; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah McCue

2013-01-01

88

Substance abuse in schizophrenia: service utilization and costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization and cost of institutional and outpatient services were prospectively measured over 1 year for three groups of schizophrenic patients: current substance abusers, past substance abusers, and those without a history of substance abuse. Current abusers had significantly greater utilization and cost of institutional (hospital and jail) services. Current abusers also had greater utilization of emergency services. There were no

Stephen J. Bartels; Gregory B. Teague; Robert E. Drake; Robin E. Clark; Philip W. Bush; Douglas L. Noordsy

1993-01-01

89

Program Evaluation Strategies for Substance Abuse Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse prevention has grown from a grassroots movement and a topic of marginal academic interest into full-fledged technology. Central to the success of this technology has been the development of evaluation methods for documenting the effectiveness of programs and policies. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in program evaluation for substance abuse prevention efforts. Included in this review is a

William B. Hansen

2002-01-01

90

Women and Substance Abuse. Technical Assistance Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many issues concerning women of all ages and substance abuse. Women who abuse alcohol or other drugs are particularly at risk for sexual assault; unprotected sex; unwanted pregnancies; and sexually transmitted diseases. Females between the ages of 12 and 17 surpass males in their use of cigarettes; cocaine; crack; inhalants; and…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

91

Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, Chemical Dependency  

E-print Network

Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, and Chemical Dependency Fall 2012 2 credits Phar 6249 #12 ­ Director of PRN Minnesota #12;This course serves as an overview of addiction, chemical abuse and chemical/06/12 3:35-4:25 Introduction Berkner/Sioris 4:40-5:30 Historical Perspectives of Addiction/Intoxication L

Thomas, David D.

92

10 CFR 26.187 - Substance abuse expert.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...An alcohol and drug abuse counselor certified...Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors...Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse. (c) Basic...controlled-substance abuse disorders...medications, or illegal drugs. (2)...

2010-01-01

93

CASAWORKS for Families: A Promising Approach to Welfare Reform and Substance-Abusing Women. A CASA White Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CASAWORKS for Families is the first national demonstration program to provide simultaneously drug and alcohol treatment; literacy, job, parenting, and social skills training; family violence prevention; and health care to help substance-abusing welfare parents recover. Its mission is to help women on welfare with substance abuse problems achieve…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

94

One-Year Outcomes from the CASAWORKS for Families Intervention for Substance-Abusing Women on Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multiservice intervention designed to move substance-abusing women on welfare to sobriety and self-sufficiency by addressing their substance abuse, domestic violence, employment, and basic needs. Design: A field evaluation with repeated measures at 6 and 12 months on an intent-to-treat sample of 529 women…

Mclellan, A. Thomas; Gutman, Marjorie; Lynch, Kevin; Mckay, James R.; Ketterlinus, Robert; Morgenstern, Jon; Woolis, Diana

2003-01-01

95

Preventing and Treating Substance Abuse among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance misuse is one of the most prevalent causes of adolescent injury and death. Additionally, 5-8% of adolescents in the U.S. qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse disorder. This article discusses formal prevention and treatment program models, focusing on a continuum of care which extends from prevention to treatment alternatives.…

Sussman, Steve

2011-01-01

96

Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependency in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the problem of substance use and abuse among adolescents and discusses the important role of school leaders in addressing this problem. Drug and alcohol use among adolescents is a significant and serious problem. In fact, an alarmingly high number of students report that they have used drugs or alcohol. Substance use and…

Lasser, Jon; Schmidt, Eric

2009-01-01

97

Substance Abuse and the Law: A Technical Assistance Paper for the Street Law Substance Abuse Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical assistance paper is designed to give trainers guidance on teaching the development and use of substance-abuse lessons found in "Street Law: A Course in Practical Law." The paper provides background on the lessons, a rationale for using the lessons, and sample agendas to use in training. "Street Law" contains substance abuse lessons…

National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, Washington, DC.

98

Substance Abuse Training and Perceived Knowledge: Predictors of Perceived Preparedness to Work in Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As frontline mental health care providers, social workers need to be prepared to confront and properly manage substance abuse issues in practice. This study examined predictors of recent master of social work (MSW) graduates' perceptions of preparedness to practice in the area of substance abuse. A cross-sectional design was used, and 232 recent…

Bina, Rena; Yum, Joohee; Hall, Diane M. Harnek; Sowbel, Lynda; Mollette, Angela; Jani, Jayshree; Smith-Osborne, Alexa

2008-01-01

99

Dialectical behavior therapy for substance abusers.  

PubMed

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a well-established treatment for individuals with multiple and severe psychosocial disorders, including those who are chronically suicidal. Because many such patients have substance use disorders (SUDs), the authors developed DBT for Substance Abusers, which incorporates concepts and modalities designed to promote abstinence and to reduce the length and adverse impact of relapses. Among these are dialectical abstinence, "clear mind," and attachment strategies that include off-site counseling as well as active attempts to find patients who miss sessions. Several randomized clinical trials have found that DBT for Substance Abusers decreased substance abuse in patients with borderline personality disorder. The treatment also may be helpful for patients who have other severe disorders co-occurring with SUDs or who have not responded to other evidence-based SUD therapies. PMID:18497717

Dimeff, Linda A; Linehan, Marsha M

2008-06-01

100

Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Substance Abusers  

PubMed Central

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a well-established treatment for individuals with multiple and severe psychosocial disorders, including those who are chronically suicidal. Because many such patients have substance use disorders (SUDs), the authors developed DBT for Substance Abusers, which incorporates concepts and modalities designed to promote abstinence and to reduce the length and adverse impact of relapses. Among these are dialectical abstinence, “clear mind,” and attachment strategies that include off-site counseling as well as active attempts to find patients who miss sessions. Several randomized clinical trials have found that DBT for Substance Abusers decreased substance abuse in patients with borderline personality disorder. The treatment also may be helpful for patients who have other severe disorders co-occurring with SUDs or who have not responded to other evidence-based SUD therapies. PMID:18497717

Dimeff, Linda A.; Linehan, Marsha M.

2008-01-01

101

Substance abuse among older adults.  

PubMed

Although the myth that older adults do not use mood-altering substances persists, evidence suggests that substance use among older adults has been underidentified for decades. The baby boom generation is unique in its exposure to, attitudes toward, and prevalence of substance use-causing projected rates of substance use to increase over the next twenty years. Given their unique biological vulnerabilities and life stage, older adults who misuse substances require special attention. Prevalence rates of substance use and misuse among older adults, methods of screening and assessment unique to older adults, and treatment options for older adults are reviewed. PMID:25037298

Kuerbis, Alexis; Sacco, Paul; Blazer, Dan G; Moore, Alison A

2014-08-01

102

Loved One's Substance Abuse Problem  

MedlinePLUS

... a lot of misconceptions about drug abuse and addiction. Many people can’t understand how anyone could ... are morally weak. Research has revealed that drug addiction is a disease of the brain. “We now ...

103

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco use, and especially prescription drug abuse, ... heavy weekly drinking and binge drinking, to suffer alcohol- and other drug-related problems, and to have ...

104

Genetic and perinatal effects of abused substances  

SciTech Connect

This book provides an overview of the effects of several abused drugs, including opiates, cannabinoids, alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, with special emphasis on the actions of these substances at the molecular and cellular levels. The first half deals with genetic effects, including molecular genetics, biochemical genetics, pharmacogenetics, cytogenetics, and genetic toxicity. The second half focuses on perinatal effects and covers: drug abuse during pregnancy; biochemical aspects of marihuana on male reproduction; and long-term behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of perinatal alcohol exposure.

Brande, M.C.; Zimmerman, A.M.

1987-01-01

105

Substance abuse and batterer programmes in California, USA: factors associated with treatment outcomes.  

PubMed

The association between substance abuse and intimate partner violence is quite robust. A promising area to improve treatment for the dual problems of substance abuse and violence perpetration is the identification of client characteristics and organisational and programme factors as predictors of health outcomes. Therefore, we examined associations of client, organisational and programme factors with outcomes in community health settings. Directors of 241 substance use disorder programmes (SUDPs) and 235 batterer intervention programmes (BIPs) reported outcomes of programme completion and substance use and violence perpetration rates at discharge; data collection and processing were completed in 2012. SUDPs having more female, non-white, younger, uneducated, unemployed and lower income clients reported lower completion rates. In SUDPs, private, for-profit programmes reported higher completion rates than public or private, non-profit programmes. SUDPs with lower proportions of their budgets from government sources, and higher proportions from client fees, reported better outcomes. Larger SUDPs had poorer programme completion and higher substance use rates. Completion rates in SUDPs were higher when clients could obtain substance- and violence-related help at one location, and programmes integrated violence-prevention contracting into care. In BIPs, few client, organisational and programme factors were associated with outcomes, but the significant factors associated with programme completion were consistent with those for SUDPs. Publicly owned and larger programmes, and SUDPs lacking staff to integrate violence-related treatment, may be at risk of poorer client outcomes, but could learn from programmes that perform well to yield better outcomes. PMID:25470658

Timko, Christine; Valenstein, Helen; Stuart, Gregory L; Moos, Rudolf H

2014-12-01

106

Domestic violence is a health care problem of epidemic proportions. In addition to the immediate trauma caused by abuse, domestic violence contributes to a number of chronic health problems,  

E-print Network

trauma caused by abuse, domestic violence contributes to a number of chronic health problems, including depression, alcohol and substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and often limits will reduce health care costs by at least 20 percent.ix Health Consequences of Domestic Violence: · In 1994

Derisi, Joseph

107

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence in Families of Children Seen for Suspected Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed families of children seen in a sexual abuse evaluation clinic regarding domestic violence in the child's home and physical and sexual abuse during childhood among the mothers. Domestic violence occurred in 54% (216\\/402) of the children's homes; 28% (111\\/392) of mothers reported childhood physical abuse, and 42% (167\\/395) reported sexual abuse. There were no differences in the rates

Kathryn Bowen

2000-01-01

108

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance  

E-print Network

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Functions Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee (SUAAC) is advisory to the President on campus substance use and abuse issues. The committee shall plan and coordinate

Sze, Lawrence

109

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use  

E-print Network

Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Functions Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee (SUAAC) is advisory to the President on campus substance use and abuse issues. The committee shall plan and coordinate

Sze, Lawrence

110

A proposed intergenerational model of substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse\\/neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the link between substance abuse and child maltreatment has been relatively well established, there is a general recognition that this is not a simple cause-effect relationship. The current study explored the relationships among substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse\\/neglect in a sample of incarcerated substance abusers. Data were gathered on the earlier life experiences of 81 men and women

Michael J. Sheridan

1995-01-01

111

78 FR 61815 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...been locked out of health insurance can sign...youth substance abuse, we must lead by...free from drug and alcohol abuse. I encourage parents, schools, health officials, law...the devastating consequences of substance...

2013-10-04

112

Substance Abuse and Prison Recidivism: Themes from Qualitative Interviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative analysis explores the role of substance abuse in reentry from prison to society. Participants who recidivated (N = 20) in an urban prison system identified substance abuse as their primary reason for recidivism. Treatment implications are discussed.

Phillips, Lindsay A.

2010-01-01

113

The effects of exposure to violence and victimization across life domains on adolescent substance use.  

PubMed

This study uses longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to examine the effects of exposure to school violence, community violence, child abuse, and parental intimate partner violence (IPV) on youths' subsequent alcohol and marijuana use. We also examine the cumulative effects of being exposed to violence across these domains. Longitudinal data were obtained from 1,655 adolescents and their primary caregivers participating in the PHDCN. The effects of adolescents' exposure to various forms of violence across different life domains were examined relative to adolescents' frequency of alcohol and marijuana use three years later. Multivariate statistical models were employed to control for a range of child, parent, and family risk factors. Exposure to violence in a one-year period increased the frequency of substance use three years later, though the specific relationships between victimization and use varied for alcohol and marijuana use. Community violence and child abuse, but not school violence or exposure to IPV, were predictive of future marijuana use. None of the independent measures of exposure to violence significantly predicted future alcohol use. Finally, the accumulation of exposure to violence across life domains was detrimental to both future alcohol and marijuana use. The findings support prior research indicating that exposure to multiple forms of violence, across multiple domains of life, negatively impacts adolescent outcomes, including substance use. The findings also suggest that the context in which exposure to violence occurs should be considered in future research, since the more domains in which youth are exposed to violence, the fewer "safe havens" they have available. Finally, a better understanding of the types of violence youth encounter and the contexts in which these experiences occur can help inform intervention efforts aimed at reducing victimization and its negative consequences. PMID:23743232

Wright, Emily M; Fagan, Abigail A; Pinchevsky, Gillian M

2013-11-01

114

Schizoid phenomena in substance abusers.  

PubMed

It is hypothesized that the spectrum of schizoid disorders, schizoid phenomena, and the underlying psychodynamics can often be found in the gamut of addictions and stand in the way of recovery. Features of schizoidness, the varieties of schizoid presentations, the etiology and pathogenesis of drug/alcohol abuse in the schizoid, and readily clinically apparent psychodynamic features are discussed. Schizoid phenomena can be dealt with effectively with an informed psychotherapy. PMID:12095001

Armstrong, Ralph H

2002-01-01

115

Counseling Latinos with Substance Abuse Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces a combination of approaches based on multicultural interventions and sociopolitical themes that provide interventions for working with Latinos with substance abuse problems. The purpose of the article is to view multimodal interventions, multicultural approaches, and humanistic counseling from a genetic perspective. It is…

Torres-Rivera, Edil; Wilbur, Michael P.; Phan, Loan T.; Maddux, Cleborne D.; Roberts-Wilbur, Janice

2004-01-01

116

Substance Abuse: The Role of Industrial Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article touches upon industrial medicine's history and its start as primarily one of first aid and its development into a dynamic force for dealing with the entire individual and his wide range of problems. It discusses alcoholism programming and programs which may be developed for other substance abuse. (Author)

Cloud, Luther A.; Sexias, Frank A.

1971-01-01

117

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

118

Substance Abuse Prevention in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a Searchlight Plus document, an informational analysis paper based on a computer search of the ERIC database from 1966 through November 1985 and on pertinent outside resources. This paper reviews, analyzes, and interprets the literature on the topic of substance abuse prevention in schools and points out the implications of the information…

Lachance, Laurie L.

119

PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN  

E-print Network

#12;ling unit. Unlike typical health care delivery system studies, the US Department of Veterans A#11PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS || James F. Burgess, Jr., Viridiana Lourdes and Mike West Abstract. In pro#12;ling of health care providers, distinguishing extreme

West, Mike

120

Substance Abuse Treatment Provider Views of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mandates for culturally competent substance abuse and mental health services call for behavioral health providers to recognize and engage cultural issues. These efforts to incorporate culture typically focus on client culture, but provider views of culture can also influence the provision of services. Analysis of 42 semistructured interviews with behavioral health providers suggests that culture is considered by many to

Gilbert A. Quintero; Elizabeth Lilliott; Cathleen Willging

2007-01-01

121

77 FR 60615 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Substance Abuse Prevention Month...Americans are hurt by alcohol and drug abuse. From diminished...tragically short, the consequences of substance abuse are profound...evidence-based public health and safety reforms...preventing drug and alcohol abuse. As...

2012-10-04

122

Treatment of substance abuse in severely mentally ill patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse is the most common comorbid complication of severe mental illness. Current clinical research converges on several emerging principles of treatment that address the scope, pace, intensity, and structure of dual-diagnosis programs. They include a) assertive outreach to facilitate engagement and participation in substance abuse treatment, b) close monitoring to provide structure and social reinforcement, c) integrating substance abuse

Robert E. Drake; Stephen J. Bartels; Gregory B. Teague; Douglas L. Noordsy; Robin E. Clark

1993-01-01

123

Substance Abuse Prevention Education Program. 1974-75 Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Substance Abuse Prevention Education (SAPE) program aims at: (1) having a direct impact on young people to prevent substance abuse; (2) working with school teachers, parents, and other citizens to develop specific skills that will facilitate substance abuse prevention; and (3) providing program participants with better understanding of the…

Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing.

124

Recovering substance abuse staff members' beliefs about addiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 329 substance abuse treatment staff assessed how recovery status, in combination with other variables, influences beliefs about the causes and treatment of substance abuse. About 15% (n = 47) of participants were “in recovery” from substance abuse problems; these staff members were not significantly different than nonrecovering staff members on education, age, race\\/ethnicity, years of clinical experience,

Keith Humphreys; Jennifer M. Noke; Rudolf H. Moos

1996-01-01

125

Substance Abuse by Youth and Young Adults in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Addressing substance abuse in rural America requires extending our understanding beyond urban-rural comparisons to how substance abuse varies across rural communities of different sizes. We address this gap by examining substance abuse prevalence across 4 geographic levels, focusing on youth (age 12-17 years) and young adults (age 18-25…

Lambert, David; Gale, John A.; Hartley, David

2008-01-01

126

Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback in Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Strategies are needed to improve adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes. For example, during outpatient substance abuse treatment, up to 80% of adolescents continue to use.1,2 Following residential substance abuse treatment, 88% of adolescents relapse within 6 months.3 PMID:24381821

Lajoie, Travis

2013-01-01

127

Secondary School Experiences of Male Recovering Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: Adolescents who begin abusing substances, including alcohol, prescription drugs, and illegal drugs often fail in school suffering life-altering consequences (Cox, Zhang, Johnson, & Bender, 2007). While plentiful research exists on substance abuse, there is a dearth of research on the school experiences of recovering substance abusers.…

Maher, Rebecca C.

2012-01-01

128

Communal housing settings enhance substance abuse recovery.  

PubMed

Oxford Houses are democratic, mutual help-oriented recovery homes for individuals with substance abuse histories. There are more than 1200 of these houses in the United States, and each home is operated independently by its residents, without help from professional staff. In a recent experiment, 150 individuals in Illinois were randomly assigned to either an Oxford House or usual-care condition (i.e., outpatient treatment or self-help groups) after substance abuse treatment discharge. At the 24-month follow-up, those in the Oxford House condition compared with the usual-care condition had significantly lower substance use, significantly higher monthly income, and significantly lower incarceration rates. PMID:17008561

Jason, Leonard A; Olson, Bradley D; Ferrari, Joseph R; Lo Sasso, Anthony T

2006-10-01

129

Female Physicians and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

As with women in general, the vicissitudes of the female physician who suffers from a substance use disorder have been understudied, and such persons remain underrepresented in treatment. The purpose of the present study is to describe the similarities and differences between female and male physicians presenting for assessment; 108 physicians in total were included in the study, 10 of

Mark P. McGovern; Daniel H. Angres; Nina D. Uziel-Miller; Scott Leon

1998-01-01

130

Helping Students to Understand the Link between Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students studying addictive diseases must come to understand, among other issues, the interplay between intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance abuse. Statistics are important, but case examples elucidate for the students what to "listen" for in their meetings with clients. The purpose of this article is to provide several case examples of…

Mallow, Alissa; Ward, Kelly

2009-01-01

131

Comorbid Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Disorders: Recent Treatment Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychiatric comorbidity is defined as the co-occurrence of a psychiatric disorder in a patient with a substance use disorder. Psychiatric disorders in substance abuse patients can antedate the substance use disorder or be a consequence of the substance abuse. There is emerging evidence that drug use in adolescence may alter the onset of certain psychiatric disorders in vulnerable individuals. Patients

Paula Riggs; Frances Levin; Alan I. Green; Frank Vocci

2008-01-01

132

The BRAVE (Building Resiliency and Vocational Excellence) Program: Evaluation Findings for a Career-Oriented Substance Abuse and Violence Preventive Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effectiveness of a career-oriented intervention for preventing involvement with alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATODs) and violence and for promoting resilient behavior among eighth-grade, African American middle school students (N=178; n=92 intervention and n=86 comparison) through the implementation of the Building Resiliency and Vocational Excellence (BRAVE) Program. Students were randomly assigned to either the intervention or

Rhonda C. Holliday; Ronald L. Braithwaite

2009-01-01

133

Child care in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities for women: findings from the 2008 National Survey of substance Abuse Treatment Services.  

PubMed

Mothers with substance use disorders who lack access to child care are often unable to enter or remain in substance abuse treatment. This study examined the availability of child care in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities and whether or not certain facility characteristics were associated with the availability of child care. Using data from the 2008 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services, 6.5% of outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities that served women provided child care. The results of multivariate logistic regression found that child care was more common among facilities that were located in metropolitan areas, were operated by non-profit or government agencies, received public funding, or provided free services or other ancillary services including case management, domestic violence counseling, and transportation assistance. Facilities that served only women had more than three times higher odds of providing child care compared with mixed-gender facilities. Further research is needed to identify strategies for expanding child care in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities. PMID:21293975

Brown, Jonathan David; Vartivarian, Sonya; Alderks, Cathie E

2011-10-01

134

CLINICAL REVIEW Circadian rhythms, sleep, and substance abuse  

E-print Network

abuse Substance dependence Addiction Alcohol Opiates Methamphetamine Cocaine s u m m a r y Substance cause sleep disturbances, and difficulty sleeping may be a risk factor for relapse to substance use

Schumaker, Mark

135

World Health Organization's Management of Substance Abuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the larger World Health Organization's (WHO) site this section on the management of substance abuse has a variety of useful information for students, teachers and those practicing in the field. Some of the most useful are several resources related to terminology and classifications including the WHO lexicon of alcohol and drug terms. The lexicon, developed in 1994, supplies clinicians, researchers and other users with a set of definitions of terms related to tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. Also available is a Facts and Figures section which provides users with basic information about the use and misuse of alcohol and other drugs worldwide. The Activities pages allow users to get a glimpse into the research that WHO is currently undertaking that is related to substance abuse. Sections on publications, research tools, and other links round out this very useful site.

136

Glutathione and redox signaling in substance abuse.  

PubMed

Throughout the last couple decades, the cause and consequences of substance abuse has expanded to identify the underlying neurobiological signaling mechanisms associated with addictive behavior. Chronic use of drugs, such as cocaine, methamphetamine and alcohol leads to the formation of oxidative or nitrosative stress (ROS/RNS) and changes in glutathione and redox homeostasis. Of importance, redox-sensitive post-translational modifications on cysteine residues, such as S-glutathionylation and S-nitrosylation could impact on the structure and function of addiction related signaling proteins. In this commentary, we evaluate the role of glutathione and redox signaling in cocaine-, methamphetamine- and alcohol addiction and conclude by discussing the possibility of targeting redox pathways for the therapeutic intervention of these substance abuse disorders. PMID:25027386

Uys, Joachim D; Mulholland, Patrick J; Townsend, Danyelle M

2014-07-01

137

Substance abuse, HIV-1 and hepatitis  

PubMed Central

During the course of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease, the virus has been shown to effectively escape the immune response with the subsequent establishment of latent viral reservoirs in specific cell populations within the peripheral blood (PB) and associated lymphoid tissues, bone marrow (BM), brain, and potentially other end organs. HIV-1, along with hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV), are known to share similar routes of transmission, including intravenous drug use, blood transfusions, sexual intercourse, and perinatal exposure. Substance abuse, including the use of opioids and cocaine, is a significant risk factor for exposure to HIV-1 and the development of acquired immune deficiency syndrome, as well as HBV and HCV exposure, infection, and disease. Thus, coinfection with HIV-1 and HBV or HCV is common and may be impacted by chronic substance abuse during the course of disease. HIV-1 impacts the natural course of HBV and HCV infection by accelerating the progression of HBV/HCV-associated liver disease toward end-stage cirrhosis and quantitative depletion of the CD4+ T-cell compartment. HBV or HCV coinfection with HIV-1 is also associated with increased mortality when compared to either infection alone. This review focuses on the impact of substance abuse and coinfection with HBV and HCV in the PB, BM, and brain on the HIV-1 pathogenic process as it relates to viral pathogenesis, disease progression, and the associated immune response during the course of this complex interplay. The impact of HIV-1 and substance abuse on hepatitis virus-induced disease is also a focal point. PMID:22973853

Parikh, Nirzari; Nonnemacher, Michael R.; Pirrone, Vanessa; Block, Timothy; Mehta, Anand; Wigdahl, Brian

2013-01-01

138

Adolescent substance abuse. Assessment in the office.  

PubMed

There are no gold-standard tests for evaluating a teen suspected of abusing substances. Awareness of the high prevalence of substance abuse in youth, a high index of suspicion, and a firm desire to be a part of the solution are all that is required to address the problem of substance abuse in youth. In an age of "dotcoms" and societal complexity that fosters an emotionally "disconnected" atmosphere by uniting adolescents only by what they buy, plug into, click on, or blast away, teens need trusted medical homes where caring pediatricians are available to give youth accurate and authoritative facts and care to help them build inner resilience and connect them to the pain and hurt of the people in their lives. Until now, the "three strikes and you're out" maxim has been applied in medical care. This maxim may work for baseball, Clintonomics, and practical office management strategies but is not recommended for addressing the needs of substance using or abusing youth who are prey to advertising strategies. The size of the marketing and advertising budgets of the alcohol and cigarette industries is an indication of the relentless marketing directed toward vulnerable youth. Pediatricians would be doing teens a disservice if they fail to countermand this marketing effect by not using the "rule of seven"--the "seven 'S' screen," seven education attempts, seven different ways over 7 years, and persistence over seven attempts of chemically dependent adolescents to quit. It has been said by Osler that "These are our methods--to carefully observe the phenomena of life in all its stages, to cultivate the reasoning of the faculty so as to be able to know the true from the false. This is our work--to prevent disease, to relieve suffering, to heal the sick," and provide HOPE always. PMID:11993283

Dias, Philomena J

2002-04-01

139

Substance Abuse and HIV in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a population-based survey conducted in 2003 and employing multilevel modeling, the chapter examines the impact\\u000a of residential characteristics and mobility on substance abuse and HIV in China. Both individual characteristics and contextual\\u000a factors are hypothesized to affect individual drug-using behavior and HIV infection. The results suggest that being migrant\\u000a is associated with significantly less risky drug-using behavior

Xiushi Yang

140

Substance Use and Violence Among Youth: A Daily Calendar Analysis.  

PubMed

Background: While researchers have identified factors that contribute to youth violence, less is known about the details of violent incidents. In addition, substance use has been linked to youth violence; however, little is known about actual substance use on days in which violence occurs. Objective: This study examined reasons for peer violence and the association between substance use and violence using daily calendar-based analyses among at-risk urban youth. Methods: Data were collected from Emergency Department (ED) patients (ages 14-24; n = 599; 59% male, 65% African American) who screened positive for substance use in the past 6 months. Daily data regarding past 30-day substance use and violence and reasons for violent incidents were obtained via semi-structured interviews. Multi-level multinomial regression models were conducted to test the associations between substance use and peer violence incidents (i.e., none, moderate and severe). Results: Conflict over 'personal belongings' was a common reason for violence among males; 'jealousy'/'rumors' were common reasons among females. Moderate victimization was more likely to be reported on days in which participants reported alcohol and cocaine use. Severe victimization was more likely to be reported on days in which participants reported alcohol use. Moderate or severe aggression was more likely to be reported on days in which participants reported alcohol and non-medical sedative use. Conclusions: Results suggest that youth violence prevention that addresses differential reasons for violence among males and females as well as substance use would be beneficial. PMID:25493643

Stoddard, Sarah A; Epstein-Ngo, Quyen; Walton, Maureen A; Zimmerman, Marc A; Chermack, Stephen T; Blow, Frederic C; Booth, Brenda M; Cunningham, Rebecca M

2014-12-10

141

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY AND CAMPUS PLAN The use of controlled substances and the abuse of alcohol present a serious threat to individual health and everyone's safety. Moreover, the use of illegal drugs and the abuse of alcohol can result in less than complete

Adali, Tulay

142

Treating the substance-abusing suicidal patient.  

PubMed

Studies concerning the treatment of substance-abusing suicidal patients are scarce despite the frequent presence of suicidal behavior among this population. Indeed, suicidality (ideation or behavior) is generally an exclusion criterion for participation in treatment studies of subjects with alcohol or drug abuse. Consequently, to date, little is known about the optimal treatment of this population. The first study involving substance-abusing suicidal patients was an open-label trial conducted in the early 1990s. This study involved 12 patients, all of whom demonstrated recent suicidal ideations and had made a lifetime suicide attempt. The results of that open-label study demonstrated significant within-group improvement in both depressive symptoms (including suicidal ideations) and level of drinking. However, substantial residual depressive symptoms and drinking persisted at the end of the trial. Also, because no placebo control group was utilized, the authors of that study could not rule out the possibility that the apparent therapeutic effect from fluoxetine was the result of the placebo effect. To date, only one double-blind, placebo-controlled study of subjects with alcohol or substance abuse has included substantial numbers of suicidal patients. The study involved 51 subjects, of whom 20 (39%) had made a suicide attempt in the current depressive episode, 31 (61%) had made a suicide attempt in their lifetime, and 46 (90%) had reported suicidal ideations in the week before hospitalization. The results of that double-blind, placebo-controlled study suggest that fluoxetine was effective in decreasing but not eliminating both the depressive symptoms (including suicidal ideations) and the level of alcohol consumption among a study group of subjects with comorbid major depressive disorder and alcohol dependence, many of whom displayed suicidal ideations. A secondary data analysis from that study suggested that cigarette smoking is also significantly decreased by fluoxetine, but the magnitude of the decrease is limited and few of these patients totally quit smoking with fluoxetine treatment alone. Another secondary data analysis from that study suggested that marijuana smoking was also significantly decreased in a subgroup of subjects who demonstrated cannabis abuse and that the magnitude of this improvement was robust. A third secondary data analysis from that study suggested that cocaine abuse acts as a predictor of poor outcome for both depressive symptoms (including suicidality) and level of alcohol use in this population. The results of a 1-year naturalistic follow-up study involving the patients from that study suggest that the benefits of fluoxetine in decreasing depressive symptoms and level of drinking persist 1 year after entering the treatment program. To date, no other double-blind, placebo-controlled studies involving substantial numbers of substance-abusing suicidal patients have been reported to either confirm or refute these findings. Further studies are clearly warranted to evaluate the efficacy of various pharmacotherapeutic agents and various psychotherapies in the treatment of substance-abusing suicidal patients. PMID:11411192

Cornelius, J R; Salloum, I M; Lynch, K; Clark, D B; Mann, J J

2001-04-01

143

School-Based Interventions for Students with Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experimentation with substances is typical for many young people, but unfortunately some will go on to develop substance abuse problems that substantially affect their lives. Successfully intervening with students who use or abuse substances is a challenge for school mental health professionals across the nation. There is a need for evidence-based…

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Jenson, William R.; Clark, Elaine

2009-01-01

144

Sudden cardiac death and substance abuse.  

PubMed

There has been a steady increase in the number of deaths occurring from volatile substance abuse per year. The majority of deaths are in males, the peak age group being 15-19 years. Fuel gases i.e. cigarette lighter refills (butane), propane and gasoline and other solvents such as typewriter correction fluid, dry-cleaning fluids (trichloroethane) and fire extinguishers (bromochlorodifluoromethane) are responsible for approximately 60% of these deaths. Volatile substances sensitise the heart to circulating catecholamines, such that sudden alarm or exercise may precipitate sudden death. The main mechanism of cardiac arrest is a cardiac arrhythmia, but anoxia, respiratory depression and vagal stimulation along with aspiration of vomit or trauma may be contributing factors to the sudden death. In addition, particularly butane gas inhalation may be associated with severe laryngeal oedema and laryngospasm. Resuscitation from sudden death associated with volatile substance abuse is rare, since the majority of deaths are unwitnessed. It is suggested that cardiac arrhythmias should be treated conventionally. Sympathomimetic drugs should be avoided. Early during the resuscitation process, beta-adrenergic blocking agents should be administered to protect the catecholamine-sensitised heart. Early intubation in the management of the cardiac arrest should be avoided, if the inhalational agent is known to be associated with laryngospasm.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7667552

Adgey, A A; Johnston, P W; McMechan, S

1995-06-01

145

Characteristics of Pregnant Teen Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions  

MedlinePLUS

... mothers, including poverty, homelessness, exposure to violence and crime, poor health, and lack of access to health ... Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). TEDS records represent admissions rather than individuals, as a person ...

146

The relationship between adolescent depressive symptomology and substance abuse .  

E-print Network

??This study examines the relationship between adolescent depressive symptomology and substance abuse. From a literature study six hypotheses were developed. A quantitative empirical study, undertaken… (more)

Blore, Lynda Gail

2009-01-01

147

Residential Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Recommendations for Collaboration between School Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed one residential youth program's process of substance abuse treatment, identifying opportunities for collaboration with school health personnel. The treatment enhanced participants' belief in their ability to remain sober using peer support, development of self-control, and acquisition of treatment knowledge. Youth who developed these…

Wood, Ralph J.; Drolet, Judy C.; Fetro, Joyce V.; Synovitz, Linda B.; Wood, Angela R.

2002-01-01

148

Enhanced Case Management versus Substance Abuse Treatment Alone among Substance Abusers with Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness of enhanced case management for substance abusers with comorbid major depression, which was an integrated approach to care. One hundred and 20 participants admitted to drug treatment who also met Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule criteria for major depression at baseline were randomized to…

Striley, Catherine W.; Nattala, Prasanthi; Ben Abdallah, Arbi; Dennis, Michael L.; Cottler, Linda B.

2013-01-01

149

Addiction and Substance Abuse in Anesthesiology  

PubMed Central

Despite substantial advances in our understanding of addiction and the technology and therapeutic approaches used to fight this disease, addiction still remains a major issue in the anesthesia workplace and outcomes have not appreciably changed. While alcoholism and other forms of impairment such as addiction to other substances and mental illness impact anesthesiologists at similar rates to other professions, as recently as 2005, the drug of choice for anesthesiologists entering treatment was still an opioid. There exists a considerable association between chemical dependence and other psychopathology and successful treatment for addiction is less likely when co-morbid psychopathology is not treated. Individuals under evaluation or treatment for substance abuse should have an evaluation with subsequent management of co-morbid psychiatric conditions. Participation in self-help groups is still considered a vital component in the therapy of the impaired physician, along with regular monitoring if the anesthesiologist wishes to attempt re-entry into clinical practice. PMID:18946304

Bryson, Ethan O.; Silverstein, Jeffrey H.

2009-01-01

150

Changing Profile of Abused Substances by Older Persons Entering Treatment  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated whether there were increasing admissions for illicit drug abuse treatment among older persons from 1992 to 2005 in the United States and describes the characteristics, number, and type of substances most commonly abused in this population over this 14-year period. Analyses used public data files from the Treatment Episode Data Set, which tracks federally and state funded substance abuse treatment admissions. From 1992 to 2005, admissions for illicit drug abuse increased significantly; in 2005, 61% of admissions age 50 to 54 years old and 45% of admissions age 55 years and older reported some type of illicit drug abuse, most commonly heroin or cocaine abuse. Criminal justice referrals for drug abuse admissions have increased over time and daily substance use remains high. Efforts to determine best practices for prevention, identification, and treatment of illicit drug abuse in older persons are indicated. PMID:19077857

Lofwall, Michelle R.; Schuster, Alyson; Strain, Eric C.

2009-01-01

151

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Congress established the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 1992 to "target effectively substance abuse and mental health services to the people most in need." SAMHSA also administers a number of block grant programs and data collection activities. On their homepage, visitors can get started by clicking on the "Data" link at the top of the page and reading through the "What We Are Doing" section. Here interested parties will find highlights of recent reports, state-level data on these topics, and a series of mental health statistics reports. The top of their homepage contains additional sections of interest, including "Grants", "Publications", "Data", and "Newsroom". Visitors should also take a look at the "Featured Resource", which is also on the homepage. In addition, many of the site's materials are available in Spanish. Visitors can follow SAMHSA on various social networks including Facebook YouTube, and Twitter, and they can also sign up for their mailing list if they wish to keep up with this valuable organization.

152

Brief screening for co-occurring disorders among women entering substance abuse treatment  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the importance of identifying co-occurring psychiatric disorders in substance abuse treatment programs, there are few appropriate and validated instruments available to substance abuse treatment staff to conduct brief screen for these conditions. This paper describes the development, implementation and validation of a brief screening instrument for mental health diagnoses and trauma among a diverse sample of Black, Hispanic and White women in substance abuse treatment. With input from clinicians and consumers, we adapted longer existing validated instruments into a 14 question screen covering demographics, mental health symptoms and physical and sexual violence exposure. All women entering treatment (methadone, residential and out-patient) at five treatment sites were screened at intake (N = 374). Results Eighty nine percent reported a history of interpersonal violence, and 70% reported a history of sexual assault. Eighty-eight percent reported mental health symptoms in the last 30 days. The screening questions administered to 88 female clients were validated against in-depth psychiatric diagnostic assessments by trained mental health clinicians. We estimated measures of predictive validity, including sensitivity, specificity and predictive values positive and negative. Screening items were examined multiple ways to assess utility. The screen is a useful and valid proxy for PTSD but not for other mental illness. Conclusion Substance abuse treatment programs should incorporate violence exposure questions into clinical use as a matter of policy. More work is needed to develop brief screening tools measures for front-line treatment staff to accurately assess other mental health needs of women entering substance abuse treatment PMID:16959041

Lincoln, Alisa K; Liebschutz, Jane M; Chernoff, Miriam; Nguyen, Dana; Amaro, Hortensia

2006-01-01

153

Substance Use and Abused Women's Utilization of the Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is extensive research that addresses the role of police in responding to domestic violence calls. However, there has been relatively little attention to the factors that impel women to call the police during an incident of abuse. This paper investigates the role of alcohol and drugs in influencing women's utilization of the police for misdemeanor-level incidents of abuse, and

Ira W. Hutchison

2003-01-01

154

3 CFR 8879 - Proclamation 8879 of October 1, 2012. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Substance Abuse Prevention...Americans are hurt by alcohol and drug abuse. From diminished...tragically short, the consequences of substance abuse are profound...evidence-based public health and safety reforms...preventing drug and alcohol abuse. As...

2013-01-01

155

Adulthood animal abuse among men arrested for domestic violence.  

PubMed

Learning more about intimate partner violence (IPV), perpetrators could aid the development of more effective treatments. The prevalence of adulthood animal abuse (AAA) perpetration and its association with IPV perpetration, antisociality, and alcohol use in 307 men arrested for domestic violence were examined. Forty-one percent (n = 125) of the men committed at least one act of animal abuse since the age of 18, in contrast to the 1.5% prevalence rate reported by men in the general population. Controlling for antisociality and alcohol use, AAA showed a trend toward a significant association with physical and severe psychological IPV perpetration. PMID:25324474

Febres, Jeniimarie; Brasfield, Hope; Shorey, Ryan C; Elmquist, Joanna; Ninnemann, Andrew; Schonbrun, Yael C; Temple, Jeff R; Recupero, Patricia R; Stuart, Gregory L

2014-09-01

156

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655.52 Transportation...OPERATIONS Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform the...

2010-10-01

157

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655.52 Transportation...OPERATIONS Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform the...

2012-10-01

158

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655.52 Transportation...OPERATIONS Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform the...

2011-10-01

159

Special Considerations for Substance Abuse Intervention with Latino Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 10% of Latino youth who are twelve and older are in need of substance abuse treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use. Ethnic differences exist with regard to susceptibility to drug use, attitudes regarding drugs, and drug resistance strategies. The failure of some substance abuse prevention programs can be traced in part to their lack of…

Goldbach, Jeremy T.; Thompson, Sanna J.; Holleran Steiker, Lori K.

2011-01-01

160

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655.52 Transportation...OPERATIONS Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform the...

2013-10-01

161

Cultural context and substance abuse in Hispanic adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much emphasis has been placed on the significant substance abuse problem being faced by Hispanic as well as other minority youth in the United States. However, little research has focused on the relative importance of culturally determined factors in the development of substance abuse in Hispanic youths. In this study, we propose an approach to measuring cultural factors through the

Andres J. Pumariega; Jeffrey W. Swanson; Charles E. Holzer; Arthur O. Linskey; Ruben Quintero-Salinas

1992-01-01

162

Solution-Focused Group Therapy for Level 1 Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study compared solution-focused group therapy (SFGT) with a traditional problem-focused treatment for level 1 substance abusers. Outcome research on the effectiveness of solution-focused group therapy is minimal, especially in treating substance abusers. In the present study, clients were measured before and after treatment to…

Smock, Sara A.; Trepper, Terry S.; Wetchler, Joseph L.; McCollum, Eric E.; Ray, Rose; Pierce, Kent

2008-01-01

163

Denver: On the Horizon--Reducing Substance Abuse and Addiction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is designed to inform the residents of Denver and the rest of Colorado about the dimensions of the problems caused by alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs in the states capital city. The report focuses on: the prevalence of substance abuse and addiction in Denver; the adverse impact of substance abuse on the health and well-being of…

Drug Strategies, Washington, DC.

164

34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule  

E-print Network

34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Page 1 of 11 UNIVERSITY RULE 34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Approved January 13, 1999 Revised July 12, 2011 Next scheduled review: July 12, 2014 Rule Statement Texas A&M University

165

No Safe Haven: Children of Substance-Abusing Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes data from a 2-year study of connections between substance abuse and child maltreatment, exposing how child welfare agencies and family court systems handle child custody decisions when parents are substance abusers. The six chapters are: (1) "Introduction and Executive Summary"; (2) "No Safe Haven for Children" (new and…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

166

Substance Abuse: Implications for Counseling African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines factors--such as unemployment, economic deprivation, racism, issues pertaining to gender roles--and their contribution to substance abuse in African American men. Specifically reviews the use of alcohol, opiates, crack, and cocaine. Argues that a biopsychosocial model offers the best framework in conceptualizing substance abuse and…

Wade, Jay C.

1994-01-01

167

Research and Intervention. Preventing Substance Abuse in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents four major research papers on college campus substance abuse prevention and research with reviews of the papers by practitioners in the substance abuse prevention field. Following a Preface and Introduction, the first paper is "Theories, Dominant Models, and the Need for Applied Research" by Gerardo M. Gonzalez. It…

Gonzalez, Gerardo M., Ed.; Clement, Vonnie V., Ed.

168

The Evolution of an Online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of rehabilitation services, substance abuse counseling requires unique skills. Post-baccalaureate academic certificate programs offer professionals an opportunity to retool or expand their skills and meet licensure needs in this evolving field. East Carolina University's online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program was…

Crozier, Mary K.

2012-01-01

169

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH DATA ARCHIVE (SAMHDA)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) is an initiative of the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goal of the archive is to provide re...

170

Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse patterns were reviewed for a group of patients admitted to the Gambling Treatment Program at the Brecksville Veterans Administration Medical Center.A retrospective chart review of 113 consecutively admitted patients between September 2000 and September 2001 found that 66.4% of pathological gamblers had a lifetime history of substance abuse or dependence at some point in their lives. A history

Otto Kausch

2003-01-01

171

Prevalence and Pedagogy: Understanding Substance Abuse in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…

Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch

2011-01-01

172

Clinical Variations of Adolescent Substance Abuse: An Empirically Based Typology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to establish and validate a multidimensional empirically based typology of clinically referred adolescent substance abusers. A total of 141 adolescent substance abusers, most of whom were male, African-American, and juvenile justice involved, comprised the study sample. Youth and their parents completed comprehensive assessments at intake to treatment, discharge, and at 6 months and 12 months post-discharge

Cynthia Rowe; Howard Liddle; John Caruso; Gayle Dakof

2004-01-01

173

Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Inpatient Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The existing literature indicates high comorbidity rates between depressive disorders and substance abuse disorders. Despite these elevated rates, there is limited empirical work devoted to understanding predictors of depressive symptoms among substance abusers. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of spirituality, believing in God's…

Diaz, Naelys; Green, Diane; Horton, Eloise G.

2009-01-01

174

Substance Abuse Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have indicated that substance abuse is a growing problem among youth and that the problem is even greater among gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth. The origins of substance abuse in sexual minority teens may be linked with feeling marginalized by society, seeking relief for feelings of depression and isolation, or desiring alleviation of the chronic stress

Karen M. Jordan

2000-01-01

175

Race, Managed Care, And The Quality Of Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of managed behavioral health care by state Medicaid agencies has the potential to increase the quality of treatment for racial minorities by promoting access to substance abuse treatment and creating more appropriate utilization patterns. This paper examines three indicators of quality for white, Black, and Hispanic Medicaid clients who received substance abuse treatment in Massachusetts between 1992 and

Marilyn C. Daley; Grant A. Ritter; Dominic Hodgkin; Richard H. Beinecke

2005-01-01

176

49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655.52 Transportation...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform the...

2014-10-01

177

Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Luellen, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

2005-01-01

178

Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Cochrane, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

2006-01-01

179

Perceived Multicultural Competency of Certified Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors explored the self-perceived multicultural counseling competencies of substance abuse counselors. Overall, the results indicate that substance abuse counselors perceived themselves to be competent; however, differences existed on the basis of race and educational level. Implications for practice and future research are…

Lassiter, Pamela S.; Chang, Catherine Y.

2006-01-01

180

Risk Factors for Substance Abuse for Rural Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous reviews and studies have documented high levels of substance use and abuse in the United States when compared to other developed nations. Previous research has identified several factors which place adolescents at risk for substance abuse. This study was designed to replicate and validate some of these risk factors with youth from rural…

Mayton, Daniel M.

181

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a ...U.S.C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2012-10-01

182

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a ...U.S.C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2011-10-01

183

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970.5223-3...5223-3 Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As prescribed... Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2012-10-01

184

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970.5223-3...5223-3 Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As prescribed... Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2010-10-01

185

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970.5223-3...5223-3 Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As prescribed... Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2013-10-01

186

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if...

2013-07-01

187

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...and tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment Block...

2013-10-01

188

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if...

2014-07-01

189

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...and tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment Block...

2011-10-01

190

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if...

2012-07-01

191

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a ...U.S.C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2010-10-01

192

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...and tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment Block...

2010-10-01

193

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if...

2010-07-01

194

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a ...U.S.C. 290aa, et seq., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2013-10-01

195

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...and tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment Block...

2012-10-01

196

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if...

2011-07-01

197

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970.5223-3...5223-3 Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As prescribed... Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2011-10-01

198

3 CFR 8728 - Proclamation 8728 of October 3, 2011. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...During National Substance Abuse Prevention Month...Americans with diagnosable substance abuse or dependence problems...pain and heartbreak it causes. Relationships are...dreams are shattered. Substance abuse touches every...

2012-01-01

199

76 FR 20994 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...Web conference meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-04-14

200

75 FR 4577 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-01-28

201

78 FR 37560 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-06-21

202

78 FR 45545 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-07-29

203

75 FR 16488 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-04-01

204

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a Public...C. 290aa, et seq., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES Pt...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2014-10-01

205

75 FR 16487 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-04-01

206

78 FR 45544 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) National Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) National Advisory Council...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-07-29

207

75 FR 47819 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-08-09

208

78 FR 69702 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-11-20

209

75 FR 82408 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-12-30

210

76 FR 59710 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-09-27

211

75 FR 28623 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-05-21

212

ILLEGAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY San Diego State University recognizes a responsibility to provide a safe  

E-print Network

ILLEGAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY San Diego State University recognizes a responsibility to provide policy regarding illegal substance abuse. 1.0 Prohibitions San Diego State University prohibits. Employees who voluntarily seek assistance for illegal substance abuse before problems associated

Ponce, V. Miguel

213

75 FR 8978 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting...February 10, 2010 meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-02-26

214

77 FR 45647 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-08-01

215

48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970.5223-3...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As prescribed...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC 2010)...

2014-10-01

216

78 FR 38355 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-06-26

217

77 FR 1708 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-01-11

218

75 FR 11185 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of...March 8, 2010 meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-03-10

219

45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services. 96...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

2014-10-01

220

76 FR 36557 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-06-22

221

75 FR 7483 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health [[Page 7484

2010-02-19

222

77 FR 43344 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-07-24

223

78 FR 15961 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment National Advisory Council; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment National Advisory Council; Meeting...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-03-13

224

75 FR 38112 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2010-07-01

225

77 FR 55482 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2012-09-10

226

78 FR 5471 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-01-25

227

76 FR 50236 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...of the closed meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2011-08-12

228

78 FR 37560 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

2013-06-21

229

Grant Title: POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES Funding Opportunity Number: NA  

E-print Network

Grant Title: POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES (MHSAS) Funding Opportunity Number: NA Agency/Department: American Psychological Association (APA), Substance Abuse and Mental health and substance abuse services and research. Release and Expiration: NA Application Deadline

Farritor, Shane

230

Behavioral couples and family therapy for substance abusers.  

PubMed

Behavioral couples therapy (BCT) sees the substance-abusing patient with the spouse to arrange a daily "sobriety contract" in which the patient states his or her intent not to drink or use drugs, and the spouse expresses support for the patient's efforts to stay abstinent. For patients taking a recovery-related medication (eg, disulfiram, naltrexone), daily medication ingestion witnessed and verbally reinforced by the spouse also is part of the contract. Behavioral couples therapy also teaches communication and increases positive activities. Findings of the past few years have added considerably to the evidence base showing that BCT produces greater abstinence and better relationship functioning than typical individual-based treatment; BCT also reduces social costs and domestic violence. Noteworthy recent advances have extended the positive effects of BCT to women drug abusers, showed the indirect benefits of BCT for the couple's children, expanded BCT to include family members other than spouses, integrated BCT with pharmacotherapy, and started to address barriers to technology transfer. PMID:12230966

O'Farrell, Timothy J; Fals-Stewart, William

2002-10-01

231

Co-Occurring Disorders of Substance Abuse and Serious Emotional Disorders in Children and Adolescents  

E-print Network

predispose children to develop mental or substance abuse disorders include pre- or postnatal complications, such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), growing up in a family who experiences extreme poverty, constant conflicts, or being exposed to traumatic... disorders include pre- or postnatal complications, such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), growing up in extreme poverty, constant conflicts, or being exposed to traumatic events, especially interpersonal violence (Kilpatrick, Ruggiero, Acierno, Saunders...

Walter, Uta M.; Logan, Angela; Petr, Chris

2005-04-01

232

Legal challenges for substance abuse treatment during disasters.  

PubMed

Certain groups with preexisting mental and behavioral health conditions, such as substance use disorders, may be especially vulnerable during and shortly after disasters. Researchers have found that substance abuse treatment programs and the individuals they serve experienced major disruptions after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and after Hurricane Katrina. This column considers legal challenges that may arise when a rapid influx of licensed providers is needed for substance abuse treatment during disasters and reviews specific legal issues that disasters may raise for opioid treatment programs. Opportunities to mitigate legal challenges and facilitate substance abuse treatment during disasters are discussed. PMID:22227749

Rutkow, Lainie; Vernick, Jon S; Mojtabai, Ramin; Rodman, Sarah O; Kaufmann, Christopher N

2012-01-01

233

Pyrethroid as a Substance of Abuse  

PubMed Central

This is a case of a 22-year-old Hispanic male with a history of bipolar disorder and methamphetamine dependence who was admitted after presenting with suicidal ideations by slashing his throat with a machete. The patient had been smoking and inhaling “processed” pyrethroid for about eight weeks as an inexpensive methamphetamine substitute. He reported experiencing a “rush” similar to methamphetamine after using pyrethroid from liquid insecticide that had been heated (electrocuted) or sprayed on hot metal sheets until it crystallized. The patient presented with no significant physical markings or findings but claimed to have his suicidal ideations precipitated by concerns of ill effects of pyrethroid on his health. He also had positive urine drug screen for methamphetamine, which he admitted to using on the day of admission. We conclude that it is important for physicians to maintain a high level of suspicion for alternate and uncommon substances of abuse as well as risks for suicidal tendencies in these patients. PMID:25431720

Sharma, Pravesh; Manning, Stephen; Baronia, Regina; Mushtaq, Saira

2014-01-01

234

Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who commit non-violent crimes. The question of interest in

Susan D. Phillips; James P. Gleeson; Melissa Waites-Garrett

2009-01-01

235

Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who…

Phillips, Susan D.; Gleeson, James P.; Waites-Garrett, Melissa

2009-01-01

236

Association for medical education and research in substance abuse.  

PubMed

The Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA) is a multi-disciplinary organization committed to health professional faculty development in substance abuse. In 1976, members of the Career Teachers Training Program in Alcohol and Drug Abuse, a US federally funded multi-disciplinary faculty development program, formed AMERSA. The organization grew from 59 founding members, who were primarily medical school faculty, to over 300 health professionals from a spectrum of disciplines including physicians, nurses, social workers, dentists, allied health professionals, psychologists and other clinical educators who are responsible for advancing substance abuse education. AMERSA members promote substance abuse education among health professionals by developing curricula, promulgating relevant policy and training health professional faculty to become excellent teachers in this field. AMERSA influences public policy by offering standards for improving substance abuse education. The organization publishes a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal, Substance Abuse, which emphasizes research on the education and training of health professions and also includes original clinical and prevention research. Each year, the AMERSA National Conference brings together researchers and health professional educators to learn about scientific advances and exemplary teaching approaches. In the future, AMERSA will continue to pursue this mission of advancing and supporting health professional faculty who educate students and trainees to address substance abuse in patients and clients. PMID:16393188

Samet, Jeffrey H; Galanter, Marc; Bridden, Carly; Lewis, David C

2006-01-01

237

Schizophrenia and Comorbid Substance Abuse – Pathophysiological and Therapeutic Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Substance use disorder is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in schizophrenic patients, with prevalence rates of up to\\u000a 65%. Besides the legal substances tobacco and alcohol, cannabis seems to be the most illicit drug abused in schizophrenia\\u000a patients and has been discussed as an important risk factor for developing schizophrenia. At least substance abuse may contribute\\u000a to an earlier onset

Thomas Wobrock; Dirk Czesnik; Berend Malchow

238

Dating Violence and Substance Use among Ethnically Diverse Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teen dating violence is a serious public health concern with numerous and long-lasting consequences. Although alcohol and drug use have been associated with dating violence, little is known about the role of specific substances, especially the use of club drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Thus, the authors examined the…

Temple, Jeff R.; Freeman, Daniel H., Jr.

2011-01-01

239

The Diverse Faces of Violence: Minority Women and Domestic Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulty in identifying and eliciting information on domestic abuse is exacerbated by social, economic, and cultural factors. Study of the relationships between race/ethnicity/culture and domestic violence must be incorporated into both research and medical school curricula to sensitize students and enable them to develop skills for detecting,…

Pinn, Vivian W.; Chunko, Mary T.

1997-01-01

240

Domestic Violence and Abuse, Health Status, and Social Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Current and past history of domestic violence (DV), including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse is common among women patients seen in health care settings and is associated with a higher frequency of many health problems. However, the association of DV with self-assessed social functioning is less well known.Methods: We administered a telephone survey to a random sample of 391

Brigid McCaw; Jacqueline M. Golding; Melissa Farley; Jerome R. Minkoff

2007-01-01

241

Nonphysical Abuse: Findings in Domestic Violence Against Older Women Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports findings regarding nonphysical abuse of middle-aged and older women in intimate relationships based on 21 focus groups with 134 women ages 45 to 85 years. Computer assisted qualitative data analysis was used to organize and analyze data. Descriptions of nonphysical violence appeared clustered under the notion that power and control dynamics were integrally related to the effect

Laura R. Seff; Richard L. Beaulaurier; Frederick L. Newman

2008-01-01

242

Domestic Violence Abusers: A Descriptive Study of the Characteristics of Defenders in Protection from Abuse Orders in Sedgwick County, Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protection from abuse orders have been presented in the contemporary literature as one of many tools in protecting battered\\u000a women. While protection from abuse orders provide legal protection from abuse, many abusers violate these court orders. The\\u000a current study describes the characteristics of 1,873 alleged domestic violence abusers in Sedgwick County, Kansas. Data were\\u000a collected from protection from abuse filings

Gregg W. Etter Sr; Michael L. Birzer

2007-01-01

243

Substance Dependence, Abuse and Treatment: Findings from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides the first information on substance dependence, abuse, and treatment obtained from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Several important changes to the NHSDA in 1999 and 2000 affected the estimates of drug use, as well as the estimates for dependence, abuse, and needing and receiving treatment. Following…

Epstein, Joan F.

244

Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

2014-03-01

245

Typewriter correction fluid inhalation: a new substance of abuse.  

PubMed

The first known case of inhalation of liquid typewriter correction fluid (TCF) is reported. Respiratory exposure to TCF can produce coma and death. Treatment is mainly supportive. Clinicians should be alerted to this new form of substance abuse. PMID:7175994

Pointer, J

1982-07-01

246

Regulatory Issues Encountered when Conducting Longitudinal Substance Abuse Research  

PubMed Central

Objective To summarize challenges unique to obtaining Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for longitudinal substance abuse research, focusing on solutions and lessons learned. Methods Thirteen senior Principal Investigators with experience conducting research on substance abuse treatment and health services outcomes recalled instances from the prior 5 years when obtaining UCLA and non-UCLA IRB approval was hampered by differences in the interpretation of regulatory guidelines and how those differences were resolved. Principal Findings Comprehensive yet flexible research protocols regarding (1) informed and voluntary consent, (2) participant payment, and (3) re-contact efforts are essential for securing IRB approval of longitudinal substance abuse studies. Specific examples of lessons learned are provided. Conclusions Experiences can help researchers to provide appropriate and explicit justification for longitudinal substance abuse research protocols, thereby minimizing the burden and cost associated with meeting regulatory requirements as well as enhancing the efficiency, quantity, and quality of data collected. PMID:20379383

Evans, Elizabeth; Murphy, Debra A.; Grella, Christine E.; Mouttapa, Michele; Hser, Yih-Ing

2008-01-01

247

Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Review of the Past 10 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo review and synthesize the recent scientific literature on adolescent substance abuse, covering natural history, epidemiology, etiology, comorbidity, assessment, treatment, and prevention, and to highlight areas for future research.

NAIMAH Z. WEINBERG; ELIZABETH RAHDERT; JAMES D. COLLIVER; MEYER D. GLANTZ

1998-01-01

248

How Do We Know We Are Making a Difference? A Community Substance Abuse Indicators Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is written to help community coalitions and other groups fighting substance abuse develop indicators that describe the scope and nature of local substance abuse problems. These indicators can be powerful tools in efforts to combat substance abuse. They provide a picture of the local impact of substance abuse problems and make it…

Larson, Mary Jo; Buckley, Julie

249

Scholarship for Students Committed to Reducing and Preventing Dating Abuse & Domestic Violence  

E-print Network

Scholarship for Students Committed to Reducing and Preventing Dating Abuse & Domestic Violence Description Dating abuse and domestic violence can have a significant impact on a student's college experience health. This scholarship was created to recognize and support students working to end dating abuse

Stowell, Michael

250

Trends in Childhood Violence and Abuse Exposure Evidence From 2 National Surveys  

E-print Network

to community violence, and the crime of theft. Physical abuse and neglect by caregivers did not decline abuse substantiated by state child welfare au- thorities dropped 52% from 1990 to 2007ARTICLE Trends in Childhood Violence and Abuse Exposure Evidence From 2 National Surveys David

New Hampshire, University of

251

Parenting in Females Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence and Childhood Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence may have a significant impact on parenting. The current study expands on existing research by examining the effects of child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence on parenting styles and parenting self-efficacy. In women from a parenting intervention program (n = 20), child sexual abuse was…

Jaffe, Anna E.; Cranston, Christopher C.; Shadlow, Joanna O.

2012-01-01

252

Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers.  

PubMed

Substance abuse patterns were reviewed for a group of patients admitted to the Gambling Treatment Program at the Brecksville Veterans Administration Medical Center. A retrospective chart review of 113 consecutively admitted patients between September 2000 and September 2001 found that 66.4% of pathological gamblers had a lifetime history of substance abuse or dependence at some point in their lives. A history of substance abuse or dependence was less common among gamblers aged 60 and above. In the year prior to admission, 58.1% of those with a history of substance abuse or dependence were actively using substances. Alcohol was the most commonly used substance, followed by marijuana and cocaine. In most gamblers with comorbid disorders, the onset of substance dependence preceded the onset of problem gambling. Pathological gamblers engaged in multiple impulsive and dysfunctional behaviors including suicide attempts, compulsive shopping and spending, and compulsive sexual behavior, and the presence of comorbid substance abuse disorders may influence the degree to which pathological gamblers engage in these additional problematic behaviors. These factors have important implications for treatment and prevention of relapse, as well as for theories of addictions. PMID:14693255

Kausch, Otto

2003-12-01

253

The Effects on Facilitators of a Substance Abuse Education Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective–anecdotal study was conducted to determine if involvement in a learner-centered continuing education program in substance abuse prevention would influence the careers and work-related activities of thefacilitators. A questionnaire was sent to 33 individuals who served as facilitators of a large substance abuse prevention education project. Of the 31 who responded, 21 (67.7%) indicated that serving as a facilitator

Sandra B. Rhodes; Richard D. Blondell; Judie Pfeifer; Antonnette V. Graham

2001-01-01

254

The effects on facilitators of a substance abuse education program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective?anecdotal study was conducted to determine if involvement in a learner?centered continuing education program in substance abuse prevention would influence the careers and work?related activities of the facilitators. A questionnaire was sent to 33 individuals who served as facilitators of a large substance abuse prevention education project. Of the 31 who responded, 21 (67.7%) indicated that serving as a

Sandra B. Rhodes; Richard D. Blondell; Judie Pfeifer; Antonnette V. Graham

2001-01-01

255

Substance Abuse, Clinical Needs, and Treatment Outcomes for Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many women seek treatment for substance abuse problems during their child-bearing years. Evaluations of interventions for these women need to take into account other problems that women may have when they enter treatment. The effectiveness of residential treatment for women, some of whom reported a history of abuse and psychological problems, is…

Cosden, Merith A.; Peerson, Stacey

256

Substance Abuse, Internalized Homophobia, and Gay Men and Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gay men and lesbians reportedly use and abuse alcohol and substances at rates higher than the general population. This higher rate has been questioned, but, whether gay men and lesbians have more use and abuse or not, unique clinical considerations are involved in addiction treatment for gay men and lesbians. The psychodynamic factors that contribute to the creation and powerful

Robert Paul Cabaj

2000-01-01

257

Chronic Non-neurological Toxicity from Volatile Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Most of the evidence for chronic non-neurological toxicity from volatile substance abuse is derived from case reports.2 Factors important in assessing these reports are the marked variations in exposure conditions and in the composition of the products abused.3 In a young and otherwise healthy population, any chronic organ toxicity arising from VSA has to be gross in order to

R. Marjot; A. A. McLeod

1989-01-01

258

Gender Differences in Substance Dependence and Abuse. The NSDUH Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Males are more likely to use, abuse, and be dependent on alcohol or illicit drugs than females. The 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) asked questions of persons aged 12 or older to assess their use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as their symptoms of substance dependence or abuse during the past year. NSDUH defines "any…

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2004

2004-01-01

259

Are There Inherited Behavioral Traits That Predispose to Substance Abuse?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research findings suggest that alcoholism and drug abuse may be predisposed by inherited behavioral propensities or temperaments. These inherited predispositions, through interaction with the physical and social environments, shape the development of personality. As discussed herein, there is strong evidence linking certain personality characteristics, specifically antisocial and neurotic traits, with the risk for substance abuse. Thus, personality and its precursor,

Ralph E. Tarter

1988-01-01

260

Substance abuse treatment and HIV services: Massachusetts' policies and programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

States and communities use many strategies and policies to facilitate the integration of HIV and AIDS services with alcoholism and drug abuse treatment and prevention programs. Massachusetts' policy initiatives that promoted collaboration between substance abuse programs and AIDS services are outlined. The review begins with an overview of the HIV epidemic in Massachusetts and reflects on the initial challenges of

Dennis McCarty; James LaPrade; Michael Botticelli

1996-01-01

261

Primary Care and Substance Abuse Treatment Linkages: Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls divided undervalued treatment approaches of alcoholism/substance abuse a major anomaly in the American health care system. Presents American Psychological Association policy statement on alcoholism and other drug abuse adopted in February 1992. Includes discussion of overall policy and policies pertaining to prevention; assessment,…

Wiggins, Jack G.

1993-01-01

262

Predictors of Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes in Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and analyzes several variables important in predicting the likelihood of abstinence among substance abuse clients. Data was collected from 1,350 clients treated for alcohol or drug abuse in residential, halfway house, or outpatient facilities. Analyzing 22 variables as possible treatment outcome predictors, results found one…

Kedia, Satish; Williams, Charles

2003-01-01

263

[Methods of substance abuse prevention in the Armed Forces].  

PubMed

Dynamics of substance abuse morbidity in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation during the last 10 years (2002-2012) was analyzed. Results of performed analysis showed decreasing tendency since 2007 in conscripts (0.07% in 2012) and in contract soldiers (0.3% in 2012). Alcoholism prevailed in the structure of substance abuse in conscripts (0.05%), drug abuses were diagnosed 2,5 times less often (0.02%). In contract soldiers non-alcohol abuses were diagnosed in 0.004% of cases. It is stated that the major aims of substance abuse prevention are qualitative recruiting of military units (especially in troops maintaining the combat readiness) and departments (subunits) of military education, creating conditions for propaganda for healthy lifestyle, prohibition of drugs and psychopharmaceuticals in military units. For early detection of persons liable to substance abuse and facts of drug consumption it is necessary to perform a medical examination with the help of special program apparatus complex (such as "Addicts") and take into account clinical signs of addiction. Besides, it is necessary to introduce planned and unexpected medical examinations of servicemen. Algorithm of measures in case of detection of serviceman with alcohol or drug intoxication is given. In conclusion the main organizational principals of substance abuse prevention in the Armed Forces are given. PMID:24341196

Fisun, A Ia; Shamre?, V K; Marchenko, A A; Sinenchenko, A G; Pastushenkov, A V

2013-09-01

264

Understanding the Diverse Needs of Children whose Parents Abuse Substances  

PubMed Central

In this review, we consider the potential service needs of children of substance abusing parents based on what we know about the risk outcomes faced by these children and the parenting deficits often present in these families. Importantly, our review does not address the etiological role of parental substance abuse in children's negative outcomes but instead we discuss the complex inter-related risk factors that often co-occur with and exacerbate risk associated with parental alcohol and drug use. We first review studies showing the elevated risk that children of substance abusing parents face in general for poorer academic functioning; emotional, behavioral, and social problems; and an earlier onset of substance use, faster acceleration in substance use patterns, and higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. We then review studies showing contextual risk factors for children of substance abusing parents, including parenting deficits (less warmth, responsiveness, and physical and verbal engagement as well as harsher and more over-involved interaction styles), greater risk for child maltreatment, and less secure attachment patterns. We conclude with a discussion of future directions for research and guidelines for professionals working with children and their families where parental substance abuse is present. PMID:22455509

Solis, Jessica M.; Shadur, Julia M.; Burns, Alison R.; Hussong, Andrea M.

2013-01-01

265

72 FR 30814 - Notice Regarding Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Registry of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...outcomes (p Prevent and/or reduce substance abuse and its related problems--e.g., underage drinking, inhalant abuse, cannabis use and abuse, drug-related suicide, alcohol and drug abuse among young adults, misuse of alcohol and prescription...

2007-06-04

266

A Telephone Intervention for Substance-Using Adult Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

Objective To preliminarily evaluate telephone-delivered motivational enhancement therapy (MET) in motivating unadjudicated and nontreatment seeking intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators, who also use substances, to self-refer into treatment. Method 124 adult men were recruited via a multimedia marketing campaign and were randomly assigned to the intervention (MET) or comparison group following a baseline assessment. Participants in the MET condition received a personalized feedback report on their IPV and substance-use behaviors, consequences, and social norms beliefs. Results Results supported the likely effectiveness of MET in short-term reduction of IPV behavior, increasing motivation for treatment seeking, and changing perceived norms for IPV and substance abuse (SA). Conclusions Applications for brief MET interventions to facilitate voluntary treatment entry among substance-using IPV perpetrators are discussed. PMID:22754270

Mbilinyi, Lyungai F.; Neighbors, Clayton; Walker, Denise D.; Roffman, Roger A.; Zegree, Joan; Edleson, Jeffrey; O’Rourke, Allison

2012-01-01

267

Fathers Entering Substance Abuse Treatment: An Examination of Substance Abuse, Trauma Symptoms and Parenting Behaviors  

PubMed Central

Objective The relationship between fatherhood and both psychiatric distress and severity of substance abuse (SA) among men entering SA treatment has not been well explored. This study was designed to (a) examine differences in symptoms of men presenting for SA assessment based on fatherhood status and (b) determine how PTSD symptoms and severity of SA were associated with parenting for men who were fathers. Methods PTSD symptoms, severity of SA and parenting data reported on structured questionnaires were collected from 126 men presenting for an SA evaluation at a forensic drug diversion clinic. Results There were no differences in severity of alcohol or drug use between fathers and non-fathers; however fathers with more PTSD symptoms reported greater severity of alcohol and drug use. Among the fathers, PTSD symptoms correlated significantly and positively with negative parenting behaviors, while SA did not. Fathers with more significant PTSD symptoms were more likely to want help with parenting. Conclusions Further exploration of the impact of trauma related symptoms on the parenting behaviors of substance-abusing men is warranted. PMID:22305235

Stover, Carla Smith; Hall, Chelsea; McMahon, Thomas J.; Easton, Caroline

2012-01-01

268

Predicting Substance Abuse in a Sample of Nigerian Undergraduate Students: The Role of Core Self-evaluations and Delay of Gratification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Documented empirical evidence indicates that substance abuse among young people, especially students, is assuming an unprecedented\\u000a upward surge worldwide. Substance abuse among students is associated with a myriad of negative physical, social and psychological\\u000a consequences, including liver, cranial, and cardiovascular diseases, cancers, vehicular fatalities, mental and behaviour disorders,\\u000a violence, declining grades, increased potential for dropout and high truancy rates, suicides,

Gboyega E. Abikoye; James A. Adekoya

2010-01-01

269

Integrating Harm Reduction Therapy and Traditional Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

One-size-fits-all therapy has not worked well for a majority of substance users seeking help. New approaches to substance abuse treatment are desperately needed. Traditional models of service delivery offer little, if any, help to people who may not choose abstinence as a goal. To address this concern, the Bridging the Gap Conference was sponsored by the San Francisco Department of

G. Alan Marlatt; Arthur W. Blume; George A. Parks

2001-01-01

270

Psychotropic Medications and Substances of Abuse Interactions in Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of youth with substance use disorders (SUDs) manifest one or more co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Consequently, many of these youths are being prescribed with psychotropic medications. As prescribing rates continue to increase for early-onset psychiatric disorders, potential risk for substance of abuse-psychiatric medication…

Kaminer, Yifrah; Goldberg, Pablo; Connor, Daniel F.

2010-01-01

271

Helping Doctors Become First Responders to Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

E very day, the Nation's primary care and family physicians see patients whose use of addictive substances causes them problems. Too often, physicians cannot appropriately diagnose and treat those problems because the patients do not disclose their substance abuse. Patients' fear of revealing sensitive and poten- tially stigmatizing information and the omission of the topic of addiction in many physi-

David Anderson; Andrew Keegan; Lori Whitten; Laura Bonetta; Debra P. Davis; Maggie Bray

272

Social Work and the Treatment of Substance Abuse in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of the social worker within the field of substance abuse in Israel at the start of the 21st century, its implications for the profession, and the training of its practitioners. Addiction to psychoactive substances is viewed as a bio-psycho-social phenomenon caused by a wide variety of factors and the respective interactions between them, placing it

Neta Peleg-Oren; Giora Rahav; Meir Teichman

2002-01-01

273

Adoption and implementation of new technologies in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to clinical outcomes, understanding the adoption and implementation of new treatment interventions is essential. This analysis was designed to assess the predictive utility of organization-level features in understanding the adoption and implementation of new technologies in substance abuse treatment. Naltrexone, which was found to be in current use in 44.1% of a national sample of 400 private substance

Paul M Roman; J. Aaron Johnson

2002-01-01

274

How do nursing students perceive substance abusing nurses?  

PubMed

Substance abuse among nurses was recognized by nurse leaders and professional nursing organizations as a growing threat to patient safety and to the health of the abusing nurse more than 30years ago. Although numerous studies on nurse impairment were published in the 1980s and 1990s, there was minimal focus on student nurses' perceptions about impaired nurses and less research has been published more recently, despite a growing rate of substance abuse. A quasi-experimental study to explore the perceptions of student nurses toward nurses who are chemically dependent was conducted using a two-group, pretest-posttest design. The Perception of Nurse Impairment Inventory (PNII) was completed by student nurses at the beginning of their junior course work, prior to formal education about substance abuse. The PNII was repeated after the students received substance abuse education. The PNII was also completed by a control group of sophomore student nurses who did not receive the formal substance abuse education. A repeated measures analysis of variance was used to measure the differences between the two groups of students. Students who received the education chose more compassionate responses on the PNII and were more likely to respond that an impaired nurse's supervisor is responsible for supporting and guiding the impaired nurse to access professional care. Discrepancies in study findings about the efficacy of education for effecting positive attitudes of student nurses toward impaired nurses may be related to the length and type of the education. PMID:24506984

Boulton, Martha A; Nosek, Laura J

2014-02-01

275

HIV-1 neuropathogenesis: Glial mechanisms revealed through substance abuse  

PubMed Central

Neuronal dysfunction and degeneration are ultimately responsible for the neurocognitive impairment and dementia manifest in neuroAIDS. Despite overt neuronal pathology, HIV-1 does not directly infect neurons; rather, neuronal dysfunction or death is largely an indirect consequence of disrupted glial function and the cellular and viral toxins released by infected glia. A role for glia in HIV-1 neuropathogenesis is revealed in experimental and clinical studies examining substance abuse-HIV-1 interactions. Current evidence suggests that glia are direct targets of substance abuse and that glia contribute markedly to the accelerated neurodegeneration seen with substance abuse in HIV-1 infected individuals. Moreover, maladaptive neuroplastic responses to chronic drug abuse might create a latent susceptibility to CNS disorders such as HIV-1. In this review, we consider astroglial and microglial interactions and dysfunction in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection and examine how drug actions in glia contribute to neuroAIDS. PMID:17173547

Hauser, Kurt F.; El-Hage, Nazira; Stiene-Martin, Anne; Maragos, William F.; Nath, Avindra; Persidsky, Yuri; Volsky, David J.; Knapp, Pamela E.

2015-01-01

276

75 FR 14596 - Family Violence Prevention and Services/Grants for Domestic Violence Shelters/Grants to Native...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...preventive health services within domestic violence programs (including services promoting...prevention of substance abuse), domestic violence prevention programs for school-age children, family violence public awareness campaigns, and...

2010-03-26

277

Advances in genetic studies of substance abuse in China  

PubMed Central

Summary The importance of genetic factors in substance addiction has long been established. The rationale for this work is that understanding of the function of addiction genes and delineation of the key molecular pathways of these genes would enhance the development of novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers that could be used in the prevention and management of substance abuse. Over the past few years, there has been a substantial increase in the number of genetic studies conducted on addiction in China; these studies have primarily focused on heroin, alcohol, and nicotine dependence. Most studies of candidate genes have concentrated on the dopamine, opioid, and serotonin systems. A number of genes associated with substance abuse in Caucasians are also risk factors in Chinese, but several novel genes and genetic risk factors associated with substance abuse in Chinese subjects have also been identified. This paper reviews the genetic studies of substance abuse performed by Chinese researchers. Genotypes and alleles related to addictive behavior in Chinese individuals are discussed and the contributions of Chinese researchers to the international corpus of knowledge about the genetic understanding of substance abuse are described. PMID:24991158

Sun, Yan; Meng, Shiqiu; Li, Jiali; Shi, Jie; Lu, Lin

2013-01-01

278

Adolescents with insomnia and substance abuse: consequences and comorbidities.  

PubMed

Adolescents have high rates of sleep disorders and substance abuse, both of which have been associated with deleterious effects on mood, attention, and behavior. This article reviews data on the prevalence of sleep disorders, substance abuse problems, and comorbid psychiatric conditions in the adolescent population. Studies have consistently demonstrated that the prevalence of sleep problems is under-reported in adolescents in both clinical and community samples. The bidirectional correlation between substance use and sleep disturbances is also discussed. Based on the findings presented here, the authors conclude that it is imperative to improve the detection and treatment of sleep problems in children and adolescents. By treating sleep disturbances and targeting poor sleepers with additional counseling and education regarding the risk of substance use, clinicians may be able to prevent or delay the adverse effects of addiction. At the very least, the presence of insomnia should alert clinicians to the need for further evaluation for drug and alcohol abuse. PMID:18520783

Shibley, Heather L; Malcolm, Robert J; Veatch, Lynn M

2008-05-01

279

Substance Abuse Prevalence and Treatment Among Latinos and Latinas  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Substance abuse prevalence rates for Latinos/as generally mirror those of the general U.S. population; however, a number of indicators of assimilation to U.S. culture as well as sociodemographic variables predict substance use and abuse among this group. Latinos/as have poorer outcomes in substance abuse treatment programs. Yet there is little empirical evidence that explains the problems these individuals experience in treatment, and there are few studies on the use and effectiveness of mutual help groups among this population. New developments in the conceptualization and measurement of acculturation will lead to a greater understanding of the role of culture in the prevalence and treatment of substance-related problems. PMID:18192207

Alvarez, Josefina; Jason, Leonard A.; Olson, Bradley D.; Ferrari, Joseph R.; Davis, Margaret I.

2010-01-01

280

New Directions for Substance-Abuse Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation and for a very long time, campuses and students have been plagued by drug and alcohol abuse. And it seems that many of our efforts to address that abuse, while necessary, have been woefully insufficient to the task. This article describes the nature and significance of the problem, examines current strategies for addressing it,…

Anderson, David S.

2011-01-01

281

Depression and the Severity of Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Psychosocial factors have been considered important in the initiation of drug abuse and seem to affect its clinical course and outcome. Several studies have reported psychopathology, namely depression, to be consistently high in addiction. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the prevalence of depression and its relationship to the severity of drug abuse in a Portuguese sample

Rui Coelho; Rui Rangel; Elisabete Ramos; Amadeu Martins; Joana Prata; Henrique Barros

2000-01-01

282

Parental Substance Abuse and Family Reunification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the reunification outcomes of 4 groups of children placed in foster care in Oklahoma: those referred due to parental alcohol-only abuse, those due to parental drug-only abuse, those with both alcohol and drug involvement, and those with neither alcohol nor drug involvement. Following bivariate analysis to examine group differences, survival analysis was utilized to predict reunification rates.

Jody Brook; Thomas P. McDonald; Tom Gregoire; Bill Hindman

2010-01-01

283

Type of Health Insurance and the Substance Abuse Treatment Gap. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, vol. 42, no. 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study recently published concluded that populations with different types of public health insurance have rates of receiving treatment for a substance use disorder that range from two to four times greater than the privately insured. The study was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), with authors from SAMHSA, Mathematica, and the National Association of

Ellen Englert Bouchery; Henrick J. Harwood; Joan Dilonardo; Rita Vandivort-Warren

2012-01-01

284

Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions for Smoked Substances: 1992 to 2007  

MedlinePLUS

... by 2007, half (50 percent) were for smoked marijuana Over three quarters (76 percent) of female admissions ... the most commonly smoked substance in 1992 while marijuana was the most commonly smoked substance in 2007 ( ...

285

Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 1  

E-print Network

Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites UT-B Contracts Div July 2006 Page 1 of 1 work-place-sub-abuse-ext-july06.doc WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES (July 2006) (a) The Seller shall, consistent with 10 CFR part 707, Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites, incorporated herein by reference

Pennycook, Steve

286

Governor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking  

E-print Network

Wos. "There is growing abuse of prescription drugs and alcohol, particularly among our young peopleGovernor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Chancellor substance abuse and underage drinking. The Governor's Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Prevention

287

Substance abuse and homelessness: social selection or social adaptation?  

PubMed

Although substance abuse has for many years been documented as a serious problem among homeless populations, there is as yet no clear understanding of the nature of the relationship between substance abuse and homelessness. We evaluate alternative social selection and social adaptation models of this process. Using data from a random probability sample, the substance abuse and homeless experiences of 303 homeless people and people at risk of homelessness in Cook County, Illinois, were investigated. Proportional hazards regression models were employed to assess both social selection and social adaptation models. Drug but not alcohol abuse was associated with first homeless episode. Prior homeless experiences were found to be predictive of first symptoms of both alcohol and drug abuse. Other variables, including the availability of social and economic resources, were also associated with each of these outcomes. Models of both selection and adaptation processes are necessary to account for the association between homelessness and substance abuse, indicating that a multi-directional model is more appropriate. In addition findings suggest that, in recent years, drugs may have displaced alcohol as an important precursor of homelessness for many individuals. PMID:9177065

Johnson, T P; Freels, S A; Parsons, J A; Vangeest, J B

1997-04-01

288

SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSERS ADMITTED TO A PRIVATE SPECIALIST CLINIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Substance abuse is an increasing global socio- medical problem. The present study examines fif- teen socio-demographic characteristics of abusers and compares some of the characteristics to ran- domly selected non-substance abusers. The results show that substance abuse is largely a problem of the young\\/adolescent males (p<0.05). There are significant differences between male and female substance abuses (p<0.05). Some of

J. J. LAMPTEY

2005-01-01

289

Newborn Patients of Mothers with Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

It is important to identify high-risk women abusing drugs in order to provide good care for them and their babies. These infants require close observation after birth for perinatal complications withdrawal, long-term neurobehavioral abnormalities (even with drug use only early in pregnancy), and sudden infant death syndrome. The degree of withdrawal is not an indicator of outcome. Early involvement of Child Protective Services is important for this group, at risk for abuse and neglect. PMID:21228966

Albersheim, Susan G.

1991-01-01

290

Substance abuse treatment and risk behaviors among HIV-infected persons with alcohol problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the association of substance abuse treatment with sexual and drug use risk behaviors among 349 HIV-infected persons with a history of alcohol problems using a standardized questionnaire regarding sexual and drug use risk behaviors, demographics, substance use, and use of substance abuse treatment.We defined substance abuse treatment services as any of the following in the past 6 months:

Anita Palepu; Anita Raj; Nicholas J. Horton; Nicole Tibbetts; Seville Meli; Jeffrey H. Samet

2005-01-01

291

Inequitable access to substance abuse treatment services in Cape Town, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Despite high levels of substance use disorders in Cape Town, substance abuse treatment utilization is low among people from disadvantaged communities in Cape Town, South Africa. To improve substance abuse treatment utilization, it is important to identify any potential barriers to treatment initiation so that interventions to reduce these barriers can be implemented. To date, substance abuse research has

Bronwyn J Myers; Johann Louw; Sonja C Pasche

2010-01-01

292

Prevention of Adolescent Reoccurring Violence and Alcohol Abuse: A Multiple Site Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Prevention of Adolescent Reoccurring Violence and Alcohol Abuse: A Multiple Site Evaluation” is a multiple component alcohol abuse and violent behavior prevention strategy, targeted to adolescents ages 16–21 who have high levels of anger, or who are victims\\/perpetrators of violence, and their families. Three community centers located in upstate New York provided group participants (N = 210) known to have

John S. Wodarski

2010-01-01

293

Dating Violence and Substance Use in College Students: A Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem among college-aged dating couples. Although substance use has been shown to be associated with dating violence among college students in empirical studies, the use of substances as they relate to dating violence has yet to be systematically reviewed. The purpose of the present manuscript is to review research on dating violence (perpetration and victimization) and substance use (alcohol and drugs). First, theoretical explanations for the association between substances and dating violence are presented. Second, the literature on substance use and dating violence is reviewed. The literature suggests a consistent association between alcohol and dating violence perpetration and victimization, although the association between drug use and dating violence is less clear. Implications of this review for dating violence prevention programming and future research are discussed. PMID:22125415

Shorey, Ryan C.; Stuart, Gregory L.; Cornelius, Tara L.

2011-01-01

294

Anger-Related Dysregulation as a Factor Linking Childhood Physical Abuse and Interparental Violence to Intimate Partner Violence Experiences  

PubMed Central

Objective Childhood family violence exposure is associated with increased risk for experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain inadequately understood. Difficulties with emotion regulation may be one factor that helps to explain this relationship. Method Childhood physical abuse and interparental violence, as well as subsequent IPV experiences, were assessed in a large sample of young adults (N = 670). Several indicators of anger-related dysregulation were also assessed. Structural equation modeling was used to create a latent variable of anger-related dysregulation, which was examined as a potential mediator of the associations between childhood family violence exposure and IPV. Results Childhood physical abuse and interparental violence were associated with greater physical, sexual, and emotional IPV victimization. Childhood physical abuse and interparental violence were also associated with anger-related dysregulation, which was positively associated with all three types of IPV experiences. Anger-related dysregulation fully mediated the association between witnessing interparental violence and physical IPV. Anger-related dysregulation partially mediated the association between witnessing interparental violence and psychological IPV and the associations of childhood physical abuse with all three forms of IPV. These associations were consistent across gender. Conclusions Interventions aimed at reducing IPV risk among survivors of childhood family violence may benefit from including techniques to target anger-related emotion regulation skills. PMID:25199386

Iverson, Katherine M.; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Adair, Kathryn C.; Monson, Candice M.

2014-01-01

295

Substances of abuse and movement disorders: complex interactions and comorbidities  

PubMed Central

The relationship between movement disorders and substance abuse which we previously reviewed are updated. We examine these relationships bidirectionally with focus on drugs of abuse which cause movement disorders, as well as primary movement disorders that are associated with use and abuse of alcohol and dopaminergic medications. First, we review the movement disorders that may develop from the acute use or withdrawal of frequent drugs of abuse, including alcohol, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine and methcathinone. We then comment on the interaction between alcoholism and alcohol-responsive movement disorders, such as essential tremor and myoclonus-dystonia. Lastly, we discuss the potential for abuse of antiparkinsonian dopaminergic agents in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). PMID:23030352

Deik, Andres; Saunders-Pullman, Rachel; Luciano, Marta San

2014-01-01

296

Treatment of Concurrent Substance Dependence, Child Neglect and Domestic Violence: A Single Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy  

PubMed Central

Although child neglect and substance abuse co-occur in greater than 60% of child protective service cases, intervention outcome studies are deplorably lacking. Therefore, a home-based Family Behavior Therapy is described in the treatment of a woman evidencing child neglect, substance dependence, domestic violence and other co-occurring problems. Treatment included contingency management, self control, stimulus control, communication and child management skills training exercises, and financial management components. Results indicated improvements in child abuse potential, home hazards, domestic violence, and drug use, which were substantiated by objective urinalysis testing, and tours of her home. Validity checks indicated the participant was being truthful in her responses to standardized questionnaires, and assessors were “blind” to study intent. Limitations (i.e., lack of experimental control and follow-up data collection) of this case example are discussed in light of these results. PMID:23226920

Romero, Valerie; Allen, Daniel N.

2012-01-01

297

Treatment of Concurrent Substance Dependence, Child Neglect and Domestic Violence: A Single Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy.  

PubMed

Although child neglect and substance abuse co-occur in greater than 60% of child protective service cases, intervention outcome studies are deplorably lacking. Therefore, a home-based Family Behavior Therapy is described in the treatment of a woman evidencing child neglect, substance dependence, domestic violence and other co-occurring problems. Treatment included contingency management, self control, stimulus control, communication and child management skills training exercises, and financial management components. Results indicated improvements in child abuse potential, home hazards, domestic violence, and drug use, which were substantiated by objective urinalysis testing, and tours of her home. Validity checks indicated the participant was being truthful in her responses to standardized questionnaires, and assessors were "blind" to study intent. Limitations (i.e., lack of experimental control and follow-up data collection) of this case example are discussed in light of these results. PMID:23226920

Romero, Valerie; Donohue, Brad; Allen, Daniel N

2010-04-01

298

Methylphenidate Misuse in Substance Abusing Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study determined the change in prevalence of Methylphenidate misuse over the last four years in adolescents (N=240) assessed at an outpatient abuse treatment facility. Results showed a significant increase in Methylphenidate misuse over the last 2.5 years; this increase was greatest in White adolescents. Suggests that treatment with…

Marsh, Linda D.; Key, Janice D.; Payne, Tricia P.

2000-01-01

299

Edgar Allan Poe: Substance Abuse versus Epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edgar Allan Poe was by all accounts one of the most talented of American storytellers, with many of his tales based on characters with episodic unconsciousness, confusion, and paranoia. Similar episodic behavior is well known to have taken place in Poe’s life as well, and is generally attributed to alcohol or drug abuse. There is considerable evidence, however, that Poe

C. Bazil

2005-01-01

300

Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for employees of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and prohibiting the use of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling,…

Westminster Coll. of Salt Lake City, UT.

301

Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for students of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling, treatment and…

Dublin Univ. (Ireland). Dept. of Teacher Education.

302

Resources for Family Violence and Relationship Abuse in Central Ohio Ohio State Resources  

E-print Network

Resources for Family Violence and Relationship Abuse in Central Ohio Ohio State Resources · OSU counseling services are available to students at any time during the recovery process · Sexual Violence that works with students dealing with sexual assault, relationship violence and stalking. Speak with SVES

Jones, Michelle

303

The Relationship between Domestic Violence and Animal Abuse: An Australian Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several North American studies have found a connection between domestic violence and animal abuse. This article reports on the first Australian research to examine this connection. A group of 102 women recruited through 24 domestic violence services in the state of Victoria and a nondomestic violence comparison group (102 women) recruited from the…

Volant, Anne M.; Johnson, Judy A.; Gullone, Eleonora; Coleman, Grahame J.

2008-01-01

304

Puberty and the Onset of Substance Use and Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. Objective. Substance abuse remains one of the major threats to adolescent health in Western cultures. The study aim was to ascertain the extent of association between pubertal development and early ad- olescent substance use. Methods. The design was a cross-sectional survey of 10- to 15-year-old subjects in the states of Washington, United States, and Victoria, Australia. Participants were 5769

Susan Donath; Richard F. Catalano; George C. Patton; Barbara J. McMorris; John W. Toumbourou; Sheryl A. Hemphill

2010-01-01

305

One-Year Outcomes from the Casaworks for Families Intervention for Substance-Abusing Women on Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multiservice intervention designed to move substanceabusing women on welfare to sobriety and self-sufficiency by addressing their substance abuse, domestic violence, employment, and basic needs. Design: A field evaluation with repeated measures at 6 and 12 months on an intent-to-treat sample of 529 women conducted in 11 selected sites across the country. There were

A. Thomas Mclellan; Marjorie Gutman; Kevin Lynch; James R. Mckay; Robert Ketterlinus; Jon Morgenstern; Diana Woolis

2003-01-01

306

Evaluating community coalitions for prevention of substance abuse: The case of project freedom  

E-print Network

of coalitions for the prevention of substance abuse. The evaluation addresses five key questions: (a) Was the community mobilized to address substance abuse (Process)? (b) What changes in the community resulted from the coalition (Outcome)? (c) Is there a change...

Fawcett, Stephen B.; Lewis, Rhonda K.; Paine-Andrews, Adrienne; Francisco, Vincent T.; Richter, Kimber P.; Williams, Ella L.; Copple, Barbara

1997-01-01

307

Medical Student Views of Substance Abuse Treatment, Policy and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examined the impact of medical education on students' views of substance abuse treatment, public policy options and training. Method: A longitudinal survey was conducted on a single-class cohort of 101 students in a major American, urban medical school. The survey was administered in the Spring semesters of the first to third…

Agrawal, Shantanu; Everett, Worth W.; Sharma, Sonali

2010-01-01

308

Assessing Released Inmates for Substance-Abuse-Related Service Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High rates of substance abuse and recidivism and limited in-prison and postrelease treatment access and transitional planning complicate community reintegration. Moreover, drug-related health and social problems are related to treatment outcomes. In the framework of risk-responsivity theory and structured, integrated reentry models, this article…

Belenko, Steven

2006-01-01

309

Psychoactive substance abuse among inmates of a Nigerian prison population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of the study were: (1) to assess the prevalence rate of psychoactive substance use and dependence among inmates of a Nigerian prison population within the past month; (2) to highlight how aware these prisoners were, of the various drugs of abuse; (3) to compare the findings with those of reports from abroad, and general Nigerian population samples. In

Adesina Adesanya; Jude U Ohaeri; Adegboyega O Ogunlesi; Taiwo A Adamson; Olabisi A Odejide

1997-01-01

310

"Unplugged": A New European School Programme against Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the rationale, development and application of "Unplugged', a new school programme for the prevention of substance abuse, which is based on the comprehensive social influence approach (CSI). The programme was developed, implemented and evaluated by a cross-disciplinary group of experts in the frame of a multi-centre study in…

Kreeft, Peer Van Der; Wiborg, Gudrun; Galanti, Maria Rosaria; Siliquini, Roberta; Bohrn, Karl; Scatigna, Maria; Lindahl, Ann-Marie; Melero, Juan Carlos; Vassara, Maro; Faggiano, Fabrizio

2009-01-01

311

Cost-Effectiveness of Case Management in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study, which is part of a larger clinical trial, was to examine the cost-effectiveness of case management for individuals treated for substance abuse in a residential setting. Method: Clients who agreed to participate were randomly assigned to one of four study groups. Two groups received face-to-face case management…

Saleh, Shadi S.; Vaughn, Thomas; Levey, Samuel; Fuortes, Laurence; Uden-Holmen, Tanya; Hall, James A.

2006-01-01

312

Curricular Guidelines for Pharmacy Education: Substance Abuse and Addictive Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy guidelines for required and elective instructional content concerning substance abuse for pharmacy students is presented. Recommended required content includes psychosocial aspects of drug use; pharmacology and toxicology; identification, intervention, and treatment of addiction; and legal issues.…

Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; And Others

1991-01-01

313

Medical Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the prevalence and frequency of medical marijuana diversion and use among adolescents in substance abuse treatment and to identify factors related to their medical marijuana use. Method: This study calculated the prevalence and frequency of diverted medical marijuana use among adolescents (n = 164), ages 14-18 years (mean age…

Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Sakai, Joseph T.; Thurstone, Christian; Corley, Robin; Hopfer, Christian

2012-01-01

314

The Juvenile and Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Program: An Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Juvenile and Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Program (JASAP) is a curriculum-based prevention and health promotion program for youth between the ages of 13 to 18 years in Fulton County, Georgia. The program was established in 2007 to promote healthy decision-making skills that would eventually lead to informed choices and decisions…

Talpade, Medha; Lynch, Diane; Lattimore, Barbara; Graham, Ashlee

2008-01-01

315

Rethinking Rites of Passage: Substance Abuse on America's Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the dramatic increase in and intensity of binge drinking (consuming more than five drinks in one sitting) on American college and university campuses--now considered the number one substance abuse problem in American college life. Anecdotal evidence indicates that many students drink more, more frequently, and with the…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

316

Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse. Initial Findings. Research Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In collaborative efforts three research teams have investigated the problems of urban delinquency and substance abuse in longitudinal studies that have gone on since 1986. The Denver Youth Study is a longitudinal survey that involves annual interviews with probability samples of five different birth cohorts and their parents from areas of Denver…

Huizinga, David; Loeber, Rolf; Thornberry, Terence P.

317

Substance Abuse Counselors and Moral Reasoning: Hypothetical and Authentic Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examined the assumption that the level of moral reasoning (Defining Issues Test; J. R. Rest, 1986) used in solving hypothetical and authentic dilemmas is similar for substance abuse counselors (N = 188). The statistical analyses used were paired-sample t tests, Pearson product-moment correlation, and simultaneous multiple…

Sias, Shari M.

2009-01-01

318

Treating chronic pain in the presence of substance abuse.  

PubMed Central

Substance abuse and chronic pain are both debilitating illnesses. It is difficult to treat these disorders when they co-occur. We discuss such a case in the context of relevant literature and make recommendations for assessment, management, and documentation. PMID:15303416

Stanley, Ava H.; Safford, Monika M.

2004-01-01

319

Substance Abuse and the Black Family Crisis: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse among U.S. Blacks is discussed as the concomitant of a chaotic, rapidly changing, and exploitative society. The impact on families and children of drug and alcohol use is viewed as a personal issue; however, it is a public issue because its causes lie in the social structure. (SLD)

Staples, Robert

1990-01-01

320

Mating assortment and the liability to substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assortative mating can exert a profound influence on the phenotypic composition of the population since it may result in an increase in the frequency of the genotypes associated with extreme phenotypes. Applied to the risk for a disorder such as substance abuse, this would mean a possibility for an increase in the risk and severity of the disorder in consecutive

M. M. Vanyukov; M. C. Nealeb; H. B. Moss; R. E. Tarter

1996-01-01

321

Cultural Accommodation of Substance Abuse Treatment for Latino Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaboration with community stakeholders is an often suggested step when integrating cultural variables into psychological treatments for members of ethnic minority groups. However, there is a dearth of literature describing how to accomplish this process within the context of substance abuse treatment studies. This article describes a qualitative study conducted through a series of focus groups with stakeholders in the

Jason J. Burrow-Sanchez; Charles R. Martinez Jr; Hyman Hops; Megan Wrona

2011-01-01

322

What Perioperative Nurses Need to Know About Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse can occur with legal drugs (eg, alcohol, tobacco, prescription medications), illegal drugs that are purchased on the street, or prescription drugs used for reasons other than health. Alcohol is the most commonly used legal drug, and cocaine, heroin, and marijuana are the most commonly used illegal drugs. Each drug has specific effects on body systems. Some drugs can

Barbara Bailes

1998-01-01

323

The Substance Abuse Treatment Workforce of South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe characteristics of substance abuse treatment counselors in the Republic of South Africa, including demographics, education, training, and job duties. Counselors recruited from 24 treatment centers completed a survey after signing informed consent. Counselors were primarily female (75%), racially diverse…

Sodano, Ruthlyn; Watson, Donnie W.; Rataemane, Solomon; Rataemane, Lusanda; Ntlhe, Nomvuyo; Rawson, Richard

2010-01-01

324

Adolescents and Substance Abuse: Warning Signs and School Counseling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescence is a challenging time for many young persons. Navigating the academic, personal/social, and career planning challenges associated with adolescence indeed is challenging even with excellent school, family, and community support. For those adolescents struggling with substance use and abuse, these challenges become even greater. School…

Fuller, LaShonda B.

2012-01-01

325

The Inspiration of Hope in Substance Abuse Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a grounded theory method to explore how counselors inspire hope in clients struggling with substance abuse. Findings from 10 participants revealed that hope inspiration occurred in 3 phases and consisted of several categories of hope-inspiring processes. Implications for counseling practice, counselor education, and research are…

Koehn, Corinne; Cutcliffe, John R.

2012-01-01

326

A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a 20 session cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention was tested on seventh grade students (n = 1,311) from 10 suburban New York junior high schools. The prevention strategy attempted to reduce intrapersonal pressure to smoke, drink excessively, or use marijuana by fostering the development of general life skills as well as teaching students tactics for resisting

GILBERT J. BOTVIN; ELI BAKER; NANCY L. RENICK; ANNE D. FILAZZOLA; ELIZABETH M. BOTVIN

1984-01-01

327

Religiosity and Substance Abuse: Need for Systematic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion plays a significant role in human life, yet its potential to influence health and health-related conditions is not well studied. This article cites several studies that examine the correlation between religiosity and substance abuse. This article also suggests that more systematic researches are needed to validate the correlation of…

Sharma, Manoj

2006-01-01

328

Hope-Focused Interventions in Substance Abuse Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hope is a vital component of psychological healing and plays a critical role in counselling. With despair so prominent for individuals with serious substance abuse problems, the question arises as to how to foster hope in such clients. There are recent suggestions in the general counselling literature that some of the work in counselling involve…

Koehn, Corinne; O'Neill, Linda; Sherry, John

2012-01-01

329

Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Organizational Change and Quality of Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse treatment agencies serving youth face unique barriers to providing quality care. Interviews with 17 adolescent programs found that family engagement, community involvement, and gender and diversity issues affected treatment delivery. Programs report organizational change efforts with implications for future process improvement…

Rieckmann, Traci; Fussell, Holly; Doyle, Kevin; Ford, Jay; Riley, Katherine J.; Henderson, Stuart

2011-01-01

330

Growth and Empowerment for Indigenous Australians in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes psychosocial outcomes of an Indigenous residential substance abuse rehabilitation centre in Australia, examines the sensitivity to change of the new Growth and Empowerment Measure (GEM), and explores the degree to which service users value cultural components of the treatment program. Participants were 57 Indigenous and 46…

Berry, Stacey L.; Crowe, T. P.; Deane, F. P.; Billingham, M.; Bhagerutty, Y.

2012-01-01

331

Caring for Obstetric Patients Who are Substance Abusers  

PubMed Central

The risks of pregnancy, when combined with the risks of substance abuse, can terrify even the most competent unless the physician develops a rational and organized plan to treat the pregnant patient. If exposure to drugs is recognized early, a team of experienced health professionals can manage treatment appropriately and improve the outcome. PMID:21229111

Wittmann, B.K.; Williams, K.P.; Abrahams, R.

1991-01-01

332

Substance Abuse Prevention and Geography. Teacher's Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide integrates themes of geography with health issues of the 1990s to encourage healthy lifestyles and promote geographic literacy. Designed for use by social studies educators and educators responsible for teaching about substance abuse and related health issues, this guide includes lessons for kindergarten through 12th grade. After an…

Connecticut Geographic Alliance, Storrs.

333

Substance Abuse by Elders and Self-Enhancement Bias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human service professionals regularly do not recognize the symptoms of substance abuse in older populations and are unlikely to provide intervention. In this study, human service students (N = 242) were given one of three vignettes in which the main character was an 80-year-old man, an 80-year-old woman, or they were asked to imagine themselves at…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

2009-01-01

334

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970.5223-4...Contracts 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As prescribed...the following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2010-10-01

335

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970.5223-4...Contracts 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As prescribed...the following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2012-10-01

336

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970.5223-4...Contracts 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As prescribed...the following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2011-10-01

337

Perceived Competence in Addressing Student Substance Abuse: A National Survey of Middle School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Student substance abuse is a serious concern for middle school personnel. School counselors are most likely to deliver mental health services, including substance abuse, in school settings. However, limited research is available on the perceived competence of middle school counselors for addressing student substance abuse concerns. The…

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Lopez, Adriana L.; Slagle, Clark P.

2008-01-01

338

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970.5223-4...Contracts 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As prescribed...the following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

2013-10-01

339

Characteristics of Effective Substance Abuse Prevention Programs for High-Risk Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades have witnessed a rapid development of substance abuse prevention programs. Most efforts to evaluate these programs have been limited to single program studies, and nearly all studies involving multiple drug prevention programs have involved school-based programs for general youth populations. In 1995, the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health

J. Fred Springer; Elizabeth Sale; Jack Hermann; Soledad Sambrano; Rafa Kasim; Mary Nistler

2004-01-01

340

UMBC SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY* UMBC Policy # III-5.00.04  

E-print Network

, and staff can live, work, and study free of the consequences associated with substance abuse B. inform members of the UMBC community about (1) the health risks associated with substance abuse; (2) resources of controlled substances; (5) institutional standards regarding the use and abuse of alcohol and controlled

Adali, Tulay

341

Updated: 04/2010 University of Maryland Baltimore County Substance Abuse Policy  

E-print Network

of the consequences associated with substances abuse; inform members of the UMBC community about: o the health risk being of all of its students, faculty and staff. The abuse of controlled substances and alcohol poses associated with substances abuse; o resources available to educate students, faculty, and staff about alcohol

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

342

Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Aged 12 to 14. The TEDS Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses data from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) for 2008 to provide information on the characteristics of youths aged 12 to 14 admitted to substance abuse treatment. In 2008, approximately 23,770 substance abuse treatment admissions were adolescents aged 12 to 14. The two most frequently reported primary substances of abuse among…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2011

2011-01-01

343

Psychosocial Characteristics of Pregnancy Women with and without a History of Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined psychosocial characteristics and service needs of pregnant women with substance abuse histories. Interviewed 225 pregnant women defined as having high-risk pregnancies for psychosocial reasons. Compared to non-substance-abusing women, those with admitted history of substance abuse were significantly older, had more children, were more…

Marcenko, Maureen O.; And Others

1994-01-01

344

Substance Abuse and B-Cluster Disorders I: Understanding the Dual Diagnosis Patient  

Microsoft Academic Search

The patient population that presents with both a B-cluster personality disorder and substance abuse is a challenge to professionals in both the mental health and substance abuse treatment fields. The coexistence of both disorders is not uncommon and is frequently encountered in substance abuse treatment, social welfare, and mental health settings. The complexity of the clinical picture for these patients

Robert Walker

1992-01-01

345

Recent Research into the Direct Relationship between Criminality and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a very close relationship between substance abuse and delinquent and eventually criminal behaviour. The article covers the causes of adult and youth use of substance abuse leading to crime and then concentrates on both adults and youths separately. Factors such as gender and race are also associated with criminal activities resulting from, or associated with, substance abuse.The victims

L. F. Lowenstein

2001-01-01

346

Smoking cessation during substance abuse treatment: What you need to know  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients in substance abuse treatment frequently smoke cigarettes and often die of tobacco-related causes. Substance abuse treatment programs too often ignore tobacco use. Many patients have expressed interest in stopping smoking, although they may be ambivalent about smoking cessation during substance abuse treatment. This article provides a review of tobacco cessation literature and successful methods of intervention. Research supports two

Catherine Theresa Baca; Carolina E. Yahne

2009-01-01

347

Prevalence of Substance Abuse Among Patients in General Medical Facilities in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcoholism and other substance abuse continue to be a problem among younger and older populations. The prevalence of substance abuse has only been studied among outpatients and in limited samples of inpatients in Kenya. This study therefore aimed to establish patterns of substance abuse in patients admitted in general medical facilities in Kenya. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)

David M. Ndetei; Lincoln I. Khasakhala; Francisca A. Ongecha-Owuor; Mary W. Kuria; Victoria Mutiso; Donald A. Kokonya

2009-01-01

348

A Practical Framework for Evaluating a Culturally Tailored Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Programme in Molokai, Hawaii  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Successful substance abuse treatment requires many changes in behavior, attitude and skills. Culturally tailored approaches to substance abuse treatment have shown initial success, but are not yet accepted as best practice models. In order to document programme effectiveness of a new culturally tailored substance abuse treatment programme on the rural island of Molokai, Hawaii, the authors worked to develop

Kelley M. Withy; Wayde Lee; Ralph F. Renger

2007-01-01

349

Workplace Substance Abuse Programs Baseline Requirements UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 2  

E-print Network

Workplace Substance Abuse Programs ­ Baseline Requirements UT-B Contracts Div Feb 2009 Page 1 of 2) Commitment to make a good faith effort to maintain a workplace free of substance abuse through implementation of supervisors and employees concerning: a. Problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use. b

Pennycook, Steve

350

The Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Treatment in Illinois: Results of the Illinois Statewide Treatment Outcomes Project  

E-print Network

The Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Treatment in Illinois: Results of the Illinois Statewide Department of Human Services Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse (OASA), Melanie Whitter, Associate by the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment federal block grant. #12;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Illinois Department

Illinois at Chicago, University of

351

Perceived Self-Efficacy of Licensed Counselors to Provide Substance Abuse Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This nationwide, quantitative study documented licensed counselors' perceived self-efficacy of adequately providing substance abuse services. Despite their lack of substance abuse training, counselors were highly confident in their ability to provide quality substance abuse services. Counselor training implications are discussed. (Contains 3…

Chandler, Nichelle; Balkin, Richard S.; Perepiczka, Michelle

2011-01-01

352

48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970.5223-4... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As prescribed...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC 2010)...

2014-10-01

353

Job Title Substance Abuse Counselor Clinical Supervision (Corpus Christi, TX) Employer/ Agency Danya International, Inc.  

E-print Network

Job Title Substance Abuse Counselor Clinical Supervision (Corpus Christi, TX) Employer/ Agency Navy substance abuse counselors stationed in Corpus Christi, Texas. This is a part-time contract treatment. Seven years full-time direct counseling experience with substance abusers. Four years experience

Azevedo, Ricardo

354

Parental Substance Abuse and Child Well-Being: A Consideration of Parents' Gender and Coresidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental substance abuse is associated with adverse health and developmental outcomes for children. Existing research, however, has not fully explored the relative magnitude of the associations between maternal, paternal, and both parents' substance abuse and child outcomes, nor has it examined these associations in regard to substance abuse among…

Osborne, Cynthia; Berger, Lawrence M.

2009-01-01

355

The effect of alcohol and substance abuse on the course of bipolar affective disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been found that > 60% of bipolar I and almost 50% of bipolar II patients have a history of substance abuse (Regier et al., 1990). While previous studies have examined comorbidity of bipolar disorder and substance abuse, little has been done to examine the effect of substance abuse on the course of bipolar disorder. There has also been

Jessica A. Feinman; David L. Dunner

1996-01-01

356

Mothers in Substance Abuse Treatment: Differences in Characteristics Based on Involvement with Child Welfare Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: Greater awareness of the role of parental substance abuse in child maltreatment makes it imperative that the substance abuse treatment and child welfare systems coordinate services for these parents. Yet little is known about the characteristics of child-welfare involved parents (primarily mothers) who enter into substance abuse

Grella, Christine E.; Hser, Yih-Ing; Huang; Yu-Chuang

2006-01-01

357

Regular article The relationship between sexual and physical abuse and substance abuse consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between a history of physical and sexual abuse (PhySexAbuse) and drug and alcohol related consequences. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from 359 male and 111 female subjects recruited from an inpatient detoxification unit. The Inventory of Drug Use Consequences (InDUC), measured negative life consequences of substance use. Eighty-one percent of women and 69%

Jane Liebschutz; Jacqueline B. Savetsky; Richard Saitz; Nicholas J. Horton; Christine Lloyd-Travaglini; Jeffrey H. Samet

358

Substance Abuse and the Emergency Room  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review (1984 to 1995) was conducted to identify cost effective policy implications regarding substance use in the emergency room (ER) and trauma unit. Prevalence rates, ranging from 9% to 47%, vary according to where, when and who is tested. Other drugs, most commonly marijuana, benzodiazepines and cocaine, follow a similar pattern to alcohol. The optimal method of measuring

Nady El-Guebaly; Susan J. Armstrong; David C. Hodgins

1998-01-01

359

Substance Abuse among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7-8 million people in the U.S. with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform…

Chapman, Shawna L. Carroll; Wu, Li-Tzy

2012-01-01

360

Homelessness and Substance Abuse: Which Comes First?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper uses a social selection and social adaptation framework to investigate whether problematic substance use normally precedes or follows homelessness. Clarifying temporal order is important for policy and program design. The paper uses information from a large dataset (n=4,291) gathered at two services in Melbourne, supplemented by 65 indepth interviews. We found that 43% of the sample had

Guy Johnson; Chris Chamberlain

2008-01-01

361

Cultural Similarities and Differences Between a Sample of Black\\/African and Colored Women in South Africa: Convergence of Risk Related to Substance Use, Sexual Behavior, and Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

South Africa is one of the six southern African countries where the HIV levels for childbearing women are 20% or higher. We conducted two focus groups aimed at developing an understanding of the intersections of substance abuse, sexual behavior, and violence affecting the lives of women of color in Cape Town, South Africa. Both Colored and Black\\/African participants reported using

Kyla Marie Sawyer; Wendee M. Wechsberg; Bronwyn J. Myers

2006-01-01

362

Prenatal exposure to substance of abuse: a worldwide problem.  

PubMed

Substance abuse during pregnancy is an important public health issue affecting the mother and the growing infant. Preterm labor, miscarriage, abruption and postpartum hemorrhage are obstetric complications which have been associated with women who are dependent on abused substances. Moreover, women are also at an increased risk of medical problems such as poor nutrition, anemia, urinary tract infections as well as sexually transmitted infections, hepatitis, HIV and problems related to infection. Intrauterine growth restriction, prematurity, stillbirth, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome represent only some of fetal effects. Later on, during childhood, it has been shown that in utero exposure to substances of abuse is associated with increased rates of respiratory infections, asthma, ear and sinus infections. Moreover, these children are more irritable, have difficulty focusing their attention, and have more behavioral problems. Therefore, the assessment of in utero exposure to abused substance is extremely necessary and is relevant for the care of the mother and the offspring. In this sense, several approaches are possible; however, recently the evaluation of in utero exposure to abused drugs has been achieved by testing biological specimens coming from fetus or newborn, pregnant or nursing mother, or from both the fetus and the mother. Maternal and neonatal biological materials reflect exposure in a specific time period and each of them has different advantages and disadvantages in terms of accuracy, time window of exposure and cost/benefit ratio. The methodology for identification and determination of abused substances in biological materials are of great importance. Consequently, sensitive and specific bioanalytical methods are necessary to accurately measure biomarkers. Different immunoassays methods are used as screening methods for drug testing in the above reported specimens, however, the results from immunoassays should be carefully interpreted and confirmed by a more specific and sensitive chromatographic methods such as GC-MS or LC-MS. The interest in the development and optimization of analytical techniques to detect abused substances in different specimens is explained by the several possibilities and information that they can provide. PMID:23454110

Narkowicz, Sylwia; P?otka, Justyna; Polkowska, ?aneta; Biziuk, Marek; Namie?nik, Jacek

2013-04-01

363

Effects of Childhood Abuse on Relapse in a Recently Homeless Substance-Dependent Veteran Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of childhood abuse, both childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical abuse (CPA), is well documented. Both CSA and CPA have been associated with a number of mental health difficulties, including substance dependence. Though the association between abuse and mental health problems is well documented, what has received little attention is the impact that abuse histories may have

Elizabeth A. Garcia-Rea; James P. LePage

2010-01-01

364

Interdisciplinary research training in substance abuse and addictions.  

PubMed

Considerable evidence shows that the management of complex problems of and related to substance abuse and addictions require comprehensive approaches based on solid research. Nonetheless, timely and widespread dissemination of research findings remains uncommon, hindering nursing practice, impeding the health of individuals and families, and imposing untoward costs for society. Shifts in science paradigms underscore the need for efficient and effective interdisciplinary research teams to carry out innovative research within a translational science framework. This means that early career investigators will need the knowledge and skills to conduct research as part of an interdisciplinary team and to contribute systematically to translational research in the area of substance abuse and addictions. This brief report describes a nursing research training program sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse that evolved into an interdisciplinary program administrated within a school of nursing. Factors conducive to program development are described, along with the structure and elements of the program and examples of the scholars' projects and accomplishments. The common benefits of interdisciplinary research training for both predoctoral and postdoctoral research scholars include consistent exposure to new and alternative scientific models and methodological approaches as well as endurance of cross-discipline network connections. Benefits and challenges of this program carry implications for the design of future nursing research training programs in the field of substance abuse and addictions. PMID:24622528

Thompson, Elaine Adams

2013-01-01

365

Prevention of adolescent substance abuse through social skill development.  

PubMed

The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate the capability of social skills training approaches for preventing adolescent substance abuse and to suggest directions for future research in this area. Social skills and training are defined from the perspective of social learning theory. Training approaches are then reviewed for their effect on drug use and drug use-related behaviors. The results indicate that social skills training reduces substance use and related behaviors such as aggression, withdrawal, truancy, and stealing in adolescents. Outcome was enhanced by the inclusion of modeling in a training program and the use of normal (versus problem or disordered) adolescents. In addition, discriminant analyses indicated that the more positive outcomes were discriminable by a focus on prevention, experimental rigor, and training comprehensiveness, that is, inclusion of multiple techniques and skills. Follow-up results showed that training effects were maintained, and that they could be generalized to several areas of everyday adolescent functioning. The findings suggest that social skills training is an effective means for substance abuse prevention in adolescents, and that it may have an advantage over more direct prevention methods in terms of long-term generalization capabilities. Finally, several issues are raised for their potential impact on social skills training as a strategy for substance abuse prevention in adolescents. These issues encompass conceptual, methodological, and evaluative domains: development of a taxonomy of person-situation specificity characteristics to increase the validity and reliability of assessment and training procedures; assessment of the relative contribution of individual differences in adolescents to training outcome; identification of qualitative developmental shifts in social skills as adolescents progress through grade, school, and family transitions; and comparison of the maintenance and generalization effects, over time, of social skills training with more direct abuse prevention methods. Guidelines are offered for addressing these issues, as well as directions for the role of social skills training research in future drug abuse prevention efforts. PMID:6419116

Pentz, M A

1983-01-01

366

Modeling Substance Abuse for Applications in Proteomics  

PubMed Central

The ability to model aspects of human addictive behaviors in laboratory animals provides an important avenue for gaining insight into the biochemical alterations associated with drug intake and the identification of targets for medication development to treat addictive disorders. The intravenous self-administration procedure provides the means to model the reinforcing effects of abused drugs and to correlate biochemical alterations with drug reinforcement. In this chapter, we provide a detailed methodology for rodent intravenous self-administration and the isolation and preparation of proteins from dissected brain regions for Western blot analysis and high throughput proteomic analysis. Examples of cocaine-induced alterations in the abundances of ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits in reinforcement related brain regions are provided. PMID:20058165

Hemby, Scott Edwards; Tannu, Nilesh

2012-01-01

367

Drug-Abusing Homeless Clients in California's Substance Abuse Treatment System  

Microsoft Academic Search

As many as one-half to three-fourths of homeless persons have diagnoses of alcohol or other drug dependence. Rates of alcohol and other drug use disorders, and the social costs associated with untreated substance disorder, are higher among homeless than nonhomeless persons. Despite the high level of need for treatment, relatively few substance-abusing homeless individuals receive treatment for their drug problems,

Suzanne L. Wenzel; Patricia A. Ebener; Paul Koegel; Lillian Gelberg

1996-01-01

368

Associations between Mental Health, Substance Use, and Sexual Abuse Experiences among Latinas.  

PubMed

This study examined self-reported sexually abusive experiences in childhood and adulthood as correlates of current drug use, alcohol abuse, and depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Participants were 204 Latina women 18-34 years old. Results indicated significant relationships between history of sexual abuse (regardless of age of occurrence), depression symptoms, PTSD symptoms, alcohol abuse, and drug use. When examined separately, childhood sexual abuse was associated with symptoms of depression, PTSD, and substance use but not alcohol abuse behaviors. Experiencing sexual abuse in adulthood was associated with symptoms of depression, alcohol abuse behaviors, and substance use but not PTSD symptoms. Structural equation modeling showed that substance use partially mediated the relationship between sexual abuse and mental health outcomes. These findings suggest mental health and substance use services should incorporate treatment for trauma, which may be the root of comorbid mental health and substance use issues. PMID:25635897

Ulibarri, Monica D; Ulloa, Emilio C; Salazar, Marissa

2015-01-01

369

Women and Addiction: The Importance of Gender Issues in Substance Abuse Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use was considered to be primarily a male problem, and many substance abuse studies are conducted with a predominance of male participants. However, recent substance abuse research indicates significant gender differences in the substance-related epidemiology, social factors and characteristics, biological responses, progressions to dependence, medical consequences, co-occurring psychiatric disorders, and barriers to treatment entry, retention, and completion. The epidemiology

Ellen Tuchman

2010-01-01

370

Pulmonary complications of smoked substance abuse.  

PubMed Central

After tobacco, marijuana is the most widely smoked substance in our society. Studies conducted within the past 15 years in animals, isolated tissues, and humans indicate that marijuana smoke can injure the lungs. Habitual smoking of marijuana has been shown to be associated with chronic respiratory tract symptoms, an increased frequency of acute bronchitic episodes, extensive tracheobronchial epithelial disease, and abnormalities in the structure and function of alveolar macrophages, key cells in the lungs' immune defense system. In addition, the available evidence strongly suggests that regularly smoking marijuana may predispose to the development of cancer of the respiratory tract. "Crack" smoking has become increasingly prevalent in our society, especially among habitual smokers of marijuana. New evidence is emerging implicating smoked cocaine as a cause of acute respiratory tract symptoms, lung dysfunction, and, in some cases, serious, life-threatening acute lung injury. A strong physician message to users of marijuana, cocaine, or both concerning the harmful effects of these smoked substances on the lungs and other organs may persuade some of them, especially those with drug-related respiratory complications, to quit smoking. PMID:2190420

Tashkin, D P

1990-01-01

371

Multivariate Comparison of Male and Female Adolescent Substance Abusers with Accompanying Legal Problems  

PubMed Central

Purpose The factors that distinguish adolescent male and female substance abusers with and without legal problems were investigated. Method Youths (N = 4,071) admitted for substance abuse treatment were administered the revised Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI-R) to measure severity of health, behavior, and social adjustment problems. Results Legal problems were more frequent among boys; however, severity of disturbance was greater in girls on 9 of 10 scales. Substance abusing girls and boys with legal problems reported more severe behavior, substance abuse, family adjustment, and peer relationship problems than substance abusing peers without legal problems. Quality of peer relationship mediated the association of family dysfunction, substance abuse and behavior problems with legal problems in boys only. Conclusions Gender and legal status both need to be taken into account to potentiate treatment prognosis of substance abusing youths. PMID:21686313

Tarter, Ralph E.; Kirisci, Levent; Mezzich, Ada; Patton, David

2011-01-01

372

Multivariate Comparison of Male and Female Adolescent Substance Abusers with Accompanying Legal Problems.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: The factors that distinguish adolescent male and female substance abusers with and without legal problems were investigated. METHOD: Youths (N = 4,071) admitted for substance abuse treatment were administered the revised Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI-R) to measure severity of health, behavior, and social adjustment problems. RESULTS: Legal problems were more frequent among boys; however, severity of disturbance was greater in girls on 9 of 10 scales. Substance abusing girls and boys with legal problems reported more severe behavior, substance abuse, family adjustment, and peer relationship problems than substance abusing peers without legal problems. Quality of peer relationship mediated the association of family dysfunction, substance abuse and behavior problems with legal problems in boys only. CONCLUSIONS: Gender and legal status both need to be taken into account to potentiate treatment prognosis of substance abusing youths. PMID:21686313

Tarter, Ralph E; Kirisci, Levent; Mezzich, Ada; Patton, David

2011-05-01

373

Perceived causal and treatment factors related to substance abuse: gender differences.  

PubMed

The study aimed to examine gender differences of causal and treatment factors in substance use as perceived by adults who are addicted to drugs in the southern region of Israel. Eighty-one men and a matched group of 81 women recruited from one methadone center and several welfare agencies, average age was about 31 years, about a third immigrated from the former Soviet Union, were administered self-report questionnaires, which measured the following: demographic variables, perceived causal and treatment factors. Results indicated the following: women drug users perceived familial circumstances such as domestic violence or incest to have higher impact on substance abuse than men; men reported curiosity and the influence of addicted friends to have higher impact on substance abuse than women. In addition, women perceived personality characteristics such as willpower to have greater impact on treatment retention than men; men regarded formal and informal social support to have greater impact on treatment retention than women. Results were discussed in light of planning and developing treatment programs. PMID:16543747

Lev-Wiesel, Rachel; Shuval, Ronit

2006-01-01

374

Screening for Co-Occurring Intimate Partner Abuse and Substance Abuse: Challenges Across Service Delivery Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use problems among women survivors of intimate partner abuse (IPA) present unique challenges in screening for the co-occurrence of these 2 issues. The lack of coordinated efforts and integrated services is startling given the prevalence and subsequent risks among those who suffer at the crossroads of these 2 complex and interrelated problems. This article critically examines the issues in

Dawnovise N. Fowler

2009-01-01

375

Cost benefits of substance abuse treatment: an overview of results from alcohol and drug abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Methods: The treatment of substance abuse is an important health service available in all industrialized countries throughout the world. Cost of treatment and its benefit or economic value is an important policy issue. Reduction in health care cost is one alternative way to measure benefits. This paper reviews a series of studies (all from the US) which address

Harold D. Holder

1998-01-01

376

Emotion regulation promotes persistence in a residential substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

Emotion regulation at treatment entry was evaluated among 115 patients in an inner-city substance use residential facility who either persisted (N = 94) or discontinued treatment (N = 21). Emotion regulation capacity including emotional clarity and the ability to engage in goal-directed behavior despite emotional distress, as well as lower scores on a measure of trait-negative emotionality, were associated with treatment persistence, whereas motivational variables were not. Findings indicate the importance of regulating negative emotions for treatment engagement among substance abusers. PMID:25404467

Hopwood, Christopher J; Schade, Nick; Matusiewicz, Alexis; Daughters, Stacey B; Lejuez, Carl W

2015-01-28

377

Recent EEG and ERP Findings in Substance Abusers  

PubMed Central

Research on electroencephalographic (EEG) correlates of substance use has a long history. The present paper provides a review of recent studies – 2001 to the present – with a focus on EEG findings in human participants characterized by a history of chronic substance use, abuse or dependence. In some areas (e.g., alcohol and cocaine dependence), the field has attempted to build upon earlier work by incorporating different methodologies or pursuing research questions of a transdisciplinary nature. New areas of inquiry, such as the investigation of EEG differences among users of ecstasy (MDMA) and methamphetamine, have emerged, primarily as a result of an alarming rise in popularity of these drugs. PMID:19534304

Ceballos, Natalie A.; Bauer, Lance O.; Houston, Rebecca J.

2009-01-01

378

Self-disclosure and the treatment of substance abuse.  

PubMed

Identification and treatment of the substance-abusing physician has led to outcome studies focusing on years of abstinence and resultant work performance, but little has been written addressing the therapeutic changes recovery brings in the personal lives of these physicians or in their approach to similarly addicted patients. The unique position of recovering psychiatrists engaged in the treatment of substance-abusing patients has not been addressed. Self-disclosure is a major issue and becomes unavoidable if the psychiatrists meet their patients at Twelve-Step meetings. This paper begins a discussion of the issues of self-disclosure and anonymity for recovering psychiatrists. The informal method used to gather information highlights the sensitivity of these issues for both patients and psychiatrists. The clinical examples show the importance of evaluating the psychodynamic impact of self-disclosure on the patient, the psychiatrist, and their treatment relationship. PMID:9218239

Dilts, S L; Clark, C A; Harmon, R J

1997-01-01

379

Prevalence of substance abuse in pregnancy among Danish women.  

PubMed

There are few recent data on the prevalence of substance abuse among Danish pregnant women. During 2013, in the Region of Southern Denmark, a cross-sectional, anonymous, screening-based study was conducted among pregnant women attending for routine ultrasound scan at 12 weeks gestation. The women submitted a urine sample and completed a short questionnaire. Urine samples were tested for opiates, cannabis, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methadone, amphetamine and methamphetamine. Positive samples underwent repeat analysis for confirmation. Of 690 pregnant women, 88.1% participated. Overall, 3.6% of women had a positive urine sample confirmed by repeated analysis. The age distribution in women with positive samples did not differ from the entire cohort. Our findings indicate a larger prevalence than anticipated, and that a substantial number of pregnant women with substance abuse are not appropriately referred to the focused specialist center for such women at risk. PMID:25366294

Rausgaard, Nete L K; Ibsen, Inge O; Jørgensen, Jan S; Lamont, Ronald F; Ravn, Pernille

2015-02-01

380

The Implementation of Smoking Cessation Counseling in Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Research on the implementation of smoking cessation counseling within substance abuse treatment organizations is limited. This study examines associations among counselors’ implementation of therapy sessions dedicated to smoking cessation, organizational factors, and counselor-level variables. A two-level hierarchical linear model including organization- and counselor-level variables was estimated using survey data collected from 1,794 counselors working in 359 treatment organizations. Overall implementation of smoking cessation counseling was low. In the final model, implementation was positively associated with counselors’ knowledge of the Public Health Service’ s clinical practice guideline, perceived managerial support, and belief that smoking cessation had a positive impact on recovery. Private versus public funding and presence of a formal smoking cessation program were organization-level variables which interacted with these counselor-level effects. These results highlight the importance of organizational contexts as well as counselors’ knowledge and attitudes for effective implementation of smoking cessation counseling in substance abuse treatment organizations. PMID:21647812

Studts, Christina R.; Studts, Jamie L.

2011-01-01

381

Oxford House: deaf-affirmative support for substance abuse recovery.  

PubMed

Deaf individuals seeking substance abuse recovery are less likely to have access to treatment and aftercare services because of a lack of culturally and linguistically specific programs and insufficient information about existing services. Previous research indicates that Oxford House, a network of resident-run recovery homes, serves a diverse group of individuals in recovery. However, research has not addressed the experiences of Deaf Oxford House residents. The present study found no significant differences between Deaf and hearing men living in Oxford House in terms of sense of community and abstinence self-efficacy. However, while most of the hearing participants were employed, none of the Deaf Oxford House members were. The study's findings indicate that Oxford House may be a promising Deaf-affirmative alternative for individuals seeking recovery from substance abuse. However, since Oxford Houses are self-supporting, Oxford Houses designed for the Deaf community may face unique economic challenges. PMID:17225636

Alvarez, Josefina; Adebanjo, Aderonke M; Davidson, Michelle K; Jason, Leonard A; Davis, Margaret I

2006-01-01

382

Randomized Trial of Enhanced Profiling in Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A randomized trial of substance abuse treatment programs tested whether “enhanced profiles,” consisting of feedback and coaching\\u000a about performance indicators, improved the performance of residential, methadone, and detoxification programs. These enhanced\\u000a profiles were reviewed during quarterly on-site visits between October 2005 and July 2007. The performance indicators were\\u000a the percentage of clients completing referrals to a lower level of care,

Marilyn DaleyDonald; Donald S. Shepard; Christopher Tompkins; Robert Dunigan; Sharon Reif; Jennifer Perloff; Lauren Siembab; Constance Horgan

2011-01-01

383

The intimate connection between antisocial personality and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a powerful association between antisocial behavior and substance abuse. What is still uncertain is whether the association\\u000a between the two is causal, so that one disorder leads to the other, or is explained by shared symptoms or shared risk factors,\\u000a or suggests that the two disorders are not distinct, but are actually variants of the same underlying disorder.

L. N. Robins

1998-01-01

384

Sex Differences in Children of Substance-Abusing Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In recent years, the American public has become increasingly concerned about the adverse effects parental substance abuse\\u000a can have on the development of children. Issues surrounding “crack babies” and adult children of alcoholics have been widely\\u000a discussed in the popular media, and have been addressed by lawmakers, educators, and health practitioners around the country.\\u000a Although scientific evidence on this topic

Sydney L. Hans

385

Substance abusers' personality disorders and staff members' emotional reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated that aggressive behaviour and DSM-IV cluster B personality disorders (PD) may be associated with professionals' emotional reactions to clients, and that cluster C PD may be associated with positive emotional reactions. METHODS: Staff members recruited from workshops completed a self-report inventory of emotional reactions to patients, the Feeling Word Checklist-58, and substance abusers completed a

Birgitte Thylstrup; Morten Hesse

2008-01-01

386

The Ecology of Adolescent Substance Abuse Service Utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an ecological-community model toward the explanation of variation in patterns of substance abuse (SA)\\u000a service utilization among adolescents who are enrolled in Tennesssee’s Medicaid program (TennCare). Guided by a theoretical\\u000a framework that draws from the social ecology work of Bronfenbrenner and health services utilization models promoted by Aday\\u000a and Andersen, we apply a social indicators approach toward

Diana L. Jones; Craig Anne Heflinger; Robert C. Saunders

2007-01-01

387

Substance abuse, memory, and post-traumatic stress disorder.  

PubMed

A large body of literature demonstrates the effects of abused substances on memory. These effects differ depending on the drug, the pattern of delivery (acute or chronic), and the drug state at the time of learning or assessment. Substance use disorders involving these drugs are often comorbid with anxiety disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When the cognitive effects of these drugs are considered in the context of the treatment of these disorders, it becomes clear that these drugs may play a deleterious role in the development, maintenance, and treatment of PTSD. In this review, we examine the literature evaluating the cognitive effects of three commonly abused drugs: nicotine, cocaine, and alcohol. These three drugs operate through both common and distinct neurobiological mechanisms and alter learning and memory in multiple ways. We consider how the cognitive and affective effects of these drugs interact with the acquisition, consolidation, and extinction of learned fear, and we discuss the potential impediments that substance abuse creates for the treatment of PTSD. PMID:24345414

Tipps, Megan E; Raybuck, Jonathan D; Lattal, K Matthew

2014-07-01

388

Tobacco use and psychiatric comorbidity among adolescents in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents in substance abuse treatment have approximately four times higher rates of tobacco use compared to adolescents in the general population, yet many substance abuse treatment programs do not provide tobacco cessation interventions. This study examined change in tobacco use among 151 adolescents in state-funded substance abuse treatment from intake to 12-month follow-up in relation to psychiatric comorbidity and substance

Jennifer Cole; Erin Stevenson; Robert Walker; T. K. Logan

389

Early Working Alliance in Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment: Predicting Substance Use Frequency and Client Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The study examined the effect of the early working alliance on outcome in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Methods: A total of 327 clients and 33 therapists participated in the study. Data were collected in southern and western Finland in outpatient treatment units (N = 7). The dependent variables were percentage of days abstinent…

Knuuttila, Vesa; Kuusisto, Katja; Saarnio, Pekka; Nummi, Tapio

2012-01-01

390

Farmworker Substance Abuse: An Action Plan for the Year 2000. Proceedings of the National Farmworker Substance Abuse Prevention Conference (San Diego, California, October 18-20, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains commissioned background papers used by conference work groups focusing on nine aspects of farmworker substance abuse, and the action plan developed by the work groups. The keynote address by Felipe G. Castro examines risk factors for substance abuse and addiction among Chicano farmworkers, particularly adolescent and…

National Migrant Resource Program, Inc., Austin, TX.

391

Influential Factors of Parental Substance and Alcohol Abuse on Children's Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is much research to support the idea that parental involvement benefits a child's educational performance. There is also strong evidence demonstrating that parental substance or alcohol abuse increases a child's risk for behavioral problems that include drug and alcohol abuse, social-skill deficits, and low educational attainment. Very little current research has focused specifically on children of substance abusers who,

Andrea Winters; Valerie Stewart; Faculty Mentor

392

Effective Prevention of Adolescent Substance Abuse--Educational versus Deterrent Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse, especially among adolescents, has long been an important issue in society. In light of the adverse impact of substance abuse, scholars, educators, and policy-makers have proposed different approaches to prevent and reduce such abuse. This paper investigates the effectiveness of the two prominent approaches--educational and…

Tze, Virginia M. C.; Li, Johnson C.-H.; Pei, Jacqueline

2012-01-01

393

Measuring collaboration and integration activities in criminal justice and substance abuse treatment agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with substance abuse problems who are involved in the criminal justice system frequently need community-based drug and alcohol abuse treatment and other services. To reduce the risk of relapse to illicit drugs and criminal recidivism, criminal justice agencies may need to establish collaborations with substance abuse treatment and other community-based service providers. Although there are many variations of interorganizational

Bennett W. Fletcher; Wayne E. K. Lehman; Harry K. Wexler; Gerald Melnick; Faye S. Taxman; Douglas W. Young

2009-01-01

394

Writing the Male Abuser in Cultural Responses to Domestic Violence in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article analyzes the portrayal of the male perpetrator of heterosexual domestic violence in a selection of contemporary Spanish texts (novel, drama, and autobiography) that form part of a clearly discernible cultural response to the issue of intimate partner violence in Spain today. It reads the figure of the abuser in conjunction with a range…

Godsland, Shelley

2012-01-01

395

Violence, gender and elder abuse: Towards a feminist analysis and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between gender, violence and elder abuse is examined and the selective claiming and framing of this important social problem by ‘experts’ from the family violence’ field is questioned. It is argued that such selectivity functions to individualize and privatize what are essentially political problems and in particular to screen out a feminist analysis by rendering gender?specific behaviours as

Terri Whittaker

1995-01-01

396

Policy statement--children, adolescents, substance abuse, and the media.  

PubMed

The causes of adolescent substance use are multifactorial, but the media can play a key role. Tobacco and alcohol represent the 2 most significant drug threats to adolescents. More than $25 billion per year is spent on advertising for tobacco, alcohol, and prescription drugs, and such advertising has been shown to be effective. Digital media are increasingly being used to advertise drugs. In addition, exposure to PG-13- and R-rated movies at an early age may be a major factor in the onset of adolescent tobacco and alcohol use. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a ban on all tobacco advertising in all media, limitations on alcohol advertising, avoiding exposure of young children to substance-related (tobacco, alcohol, prescription drugs, illegal drugs) content on television and in PG-13- and R-rated movies, incorporating the topic of advertising and media into all substance abuse-prevention programs, and implementing media education programs in the classroom. PMID:20876181

Strasburger, Victor C

2010-10-01

397

An Ecological Approach to Understanding Youth Violence: The Mediating Role of Substance Use  

PubMed Central

The authors tested an ecological model that posits mediating variables (substance use and mental health) in the association between ecological factors (family closeness, school closeness, and peer closeness) and youth violence in a sample of 4,783 adolescents. Model including substance use present significantly less total effect between ecological factors and youth violence than do models without substance use. Additional probing of significant mediation effect using the Sobel test was performed and suggested that substance use did function as a mediator in the hypothesized path. Considerations of adolescent violence should recognize the possible role of ecological factors and how their influence may vary by substance use. PMID:21423847

Moon, Sung Seek; Patton, Joy; Rao, Uma

2010-01-01

398

The Process of Coping with Domestic Violence in Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that the use of disengaged or avoidant strategies to cope with interpersonal violence contributes to the development of depressive symptoms and other psychological difficulties. Survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) who are exposed to subsequent episodes of abuse may be more likely to rely on disengaged coping strategies,…

Griffing, Sascha; Lewis, Carla S.; Chu, Melissa; Sage, Robert; Jospitre, Tania; Madry, Lorraine; Primm, Beny J.

2006-01-01

399

History of Abuse and Neglect in Patients with Schizophrenia Who Have a History of Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the prevalence of five forms of abuse/neglect during childhood and adolescence in a group of schizophrenic patients with a history of violence. Methods: Twenty-eight patients hospitalized in a highly secured psychiatric unit were included. Abuse and neglect during patients' growth were evaluated with the childhood trauma…

Bennouna-Greene, Mehdi; Bennouna-Greene, Valerie; Berna, Fabrice; Defranoux, Luc

2011-01-01

400

Dating Violence among Urban, Minority, Middle School Youth and Associated Sexual Risk Behaviors and Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Whereas dating violence among high school students has been linked with sexual risk-taking and substance use, this association has been understudied among early adolescents. We estimated the prevalence of physical and nonphysical dating violence in a sample of middle school students and examined associations between dating violence,…

Lormand, Donna K.; Markham, Christine M.; Peskin, Melissa F.; Byrd, Theresa L.; Addy, Robert C.; Baumler, Elizabeth; Tortolero, Susan R.

2013-01-01

401

Substance Abuse, Temperament and Suicide Risk: Evidence from a Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the current study was to evaluate differences between two matched groups of psychiatric outpatients (those with and those without substance abuse) on clinical variables that previous research has suggested may be associated with substance abuse comorbidity. The sample consisted of 31 consecutively admitted psychiatric outpatients (16 men and 15 women) with substance use comorbidity; controls were 31

Maurizio Pompili; Marco Innamorati; David Lester; Hagop S. Akiskal; Zoltán Rihmer; Antonio Del Casale; Mario Amore; Paolo Girardi; Roberto Tatarelli

2009-01-01

402

Substance abuse in pregnant women. Experiences from a special child welfare clinic in Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Substance abuse during pregnancy may harm the foetus and can cause neonatal abstinence syndrome. Exposure to alcohol and other substances can influence the child for the rest of its life. A special child welfare clinic was set up in 1994 in Kristiansand, Norway, targeting pregnant women with substance abuse problems in the county of Vest-Agder. Pregnancy is not an

Bjørg Hjerkinn; Morten Lindbæk; Elin Olaug Rosvold

2007-01-01

403

Examining and exploring community and church initiatives that provide wholistic approaches for confronting substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major concern is that the church is not actively involved with solving the substance abuse dilemma that is disturbing communities nationwide, especially within the Black communities. The validity of this characterization is supported by the understanding that most congregational members generally view substance abusers as sinners, excluded from God's mercy and concern. This problem intensifies when considering that substance

Richard H Cobble

1995-01-01

404

Results from the Pro-QOL-IV for Substance Abuse Counselors Working with Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction in two groups of counselors who specialize in substance dependency treatment in order to identify the unique features of substance abuse service delivery that may be related to professional quality of life. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 substance abuse

Perkins, Elizabeth B.; Sprang, Ginny

2013-01-01

405

Using Social Disorganization Theory to Guide Substance Abuse Prevention among Adolescents: Implications for Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance use and abuse are problematic in the lives of adolescents, including interpersonal problems and scholastic problems. Risk for substance use has commonly been assessed at the individual level. This paper examines risk of adolescent substance abuse as a variable impacted by environmental or contextual factors surrounding the individual.…

Jaynes, Shane

2014-01-01

406

Addressing the Needs of Substance Abusing Adolescents: A Guide for Professional School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As individuals with multiple needs, substance abusing adolescents may seek the support and assistance of school counselors. The purpose of this article is to provide professional school counselors with information they can use to assist students with substance abuse issues. Specifically, this article examines (a) complexity of addressing substance

Sikes, April; Cole, Rebekah F.; McBride, Rebecca; Fusco, Angela; Lauka, Justin

2009-01-01

407

Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons with Co-Occurring Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 42  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIPs), developed by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), part of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), are best-practice guidelines for the treatment of substance use disorders. CSAT draws on the experience…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005

2005-01-01

408

Substance Abuse Treatment: Group Therapy. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 41  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) presents an overview of the role and efficacy of group therapy in substance abuse treatment. TIPs are best-practice guidelines for the treatment of substance use disorders that make the latest research in substance abuse treatment available to counselors and educators. The content was generated by a panel…

Gilbert, Jonathan Max; Hills, Susan; Rife, Mary Lou

2005-01-01

409

Predictors of Relapse for American Indian Women after Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to describe the predictors of substance use relapse of American Indian (AI) women up to one year following substance abuse treatment. Relapse is defined as any use of alcohol or drugs in the past 30 days at the follow-up points. Data were collected from AI women in a 45-day residential substance abuse treatment…

Chong, Jenny; Lopez, Darlene

2008-01-01

410

Substance abuse treatment in human immunodeficiency virus: The role of patient–provider discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse treatment is associated with decreases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behavior and can improve HIV outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with substance abuse treatment utilization, including patient–provider discussions of substance use issues. We surveyed 951 HIV-infected adults receiving care at 14 HIV Research Network primary care sites regarding drug and alcohol

Philip Todd Korthuis; Joshua S. Josephs; John A. Fleishman; James Hellinger; Seth Himelhoch; Geetanjali Chander; Elizabeth B. Morse; Kelly A. Gebo

2008-01-01

411

Mental health of adolescents who abuse psychoactive substances in Enugu, Nigeria - A cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Association between psychiatric morbidity and substance abuse among adolescent has been reported. However prevalence and pattern of such dysfunctions are unknown in our environment. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of psychosocial dysfunction and depressive symptoms among adolescents who abuse substance and also note the influence of socio-demographic factors and type of substance on the pattern of dysfuction. METHOD: A

Wilson C Igwe; Ngozi C Ojinnaka

2010-01-01

412

Individual Assessment Profile (IAP). Standardizing the assessment of substance abusers.  

PubMed

The Individual Assessment Profile (IAP), a structured intake assessment interview instrument in the public domain, was designed for use with substance-abusing populations in several large-scale and community-based drug abuse treatment projects underway in the United States. Background information is presented, including the content-based item-selection process used during the pretests and pilot testing. Validity and test-retest reliability data are also presented, along with descriptions of studies using the IAP for clinical, research, and management information purposes. Concordance between biological measures and self-reports of recent drug use, measures of internal consistency, and test-retest reliability coefficients were generally good. A computer-assisted personal interview version of the IAP and an automated reporting system were subsequently developed for clinical and management reporting purposes and used in a large-scale research demonstration project. An intreatment version of the IAP has also been developed to collect information on treatment services provided and to assess changes in behaviors after 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment. These instruments (the IAP intake and intreatment interviews) provide a comprehensive system to assess substance-abusing populations. PMID:7474029

Flynn, P M; Hubbard, R L; Luckey, J W; Forsyth, B H; Smith, T K; Phillips, C D; Fountain, D L; Hoffman, J A; Koman, J J

1995-01-01

413

Stone cold clean & dry : a substance abuse rehab center In Manhattan  

E-print Network

Joseph Califano, founder and president of The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University, declares drug an alcohol abuse the causes and contributor to "just about every intractable problem ...

Hagen-Cazes, Charlie Byrd

2010-01-01

414

Chaos, creativity, and substance abuse: the nonlinear dynamics of choice.  

PubMed

Artists create their work in conditions of disequilibrium, states of creative chaos that may appear turbulent but are capable of bringing forth new order. By absorbing information from the environment and discharging it negentropically as new work, artists can be modeled as dissipative systems. A characteristic of chaotic systems is a heightened sensitivity to stimuli, which can generate either positive experiences or negative ones that can lead some artists to substance abuse and misguided searches for a creative chaos. Alcohol and drug use along with inadequately addressed co-occurring emotional disorders interfere with artists' quest for the nonlinearity of creativity. Instead, metaphorically modeled by a limit cycle of addiction and then a spiral to disorder, the joys of a creative chaos become an elusive chimera for them rather than a fulfilling experience. Untreated mental illness and addiction to substances have shortened the lives of artists such as Vincent Van Gogh, Frida Kahlo, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Jackson Pollock, all of whom committed suicide. In contrast Edvard Munch and John Callahan, who chose to address their emotional problems and substance abuse, continued to live and remain creative. Choosing to access previously avoided moments of pain can activate the nonlinear power of self-transformation. PMID:21382261

Zausner, Tobi

2011-04-01

415

Neighborhood alcohol outlet density and rates of child abuse and neglect: moderating effects of access to substance abuse services.  

PubMed

This study investigates the relationship between concentrations of on- and off-premises alcohol outlets and rates of child abuse and neglect. Additionally, the study seeks to locate protective features of a neighborhood's built environment by investigating the potentially moderating role that access to substance abuse treatment and prevention services plays in the relationship between alcohol outlet density and child maltreatment. Using a cross-sectional design, this ecological study utilized data from 163 census tracts in Bergen County, New Jersey, on reports of child abuse and neglect, alcohol outlets, substance abuse treatment and prevention facilities, and the United States Census to investigate the linkages between socioeconomic structure, alcohol availability, and access to substance abuse service facilities on rates of child abuse and neglect. Findings indicate areas with a greater concentration of on-premises alcohol outlets (i.e., bars) had higher rates of child neglect, and those with easier access to substance abuse services had lower rates of neglect, controlling for neighborhood demographic and socioeconomic structure. Additionally, the relationship between on-premises alcohol outlet density and rates of child neglect was moderated by the presence of substance abuse service facilities. A greater concentration of off-premises outlets (i.e., liquor stores) was associated with lower rates of physical abuse. Findings suggest that the built environment and socioeconomic structure of neighborhoods have important consequences for child well-being. The implications for future research on the structural features of neighborhoods that are associated with child well-being are discussed. PMID:24529493

Morton, Cory M; Simmel, Cassandra; Peterson, N Andrew

2014-05-01

416

ASHP Statement on the pharmacist's role in substance abuse prevention, education, and assistance.  

PubMed

The American Society of Health- System Pharmacists (ASHP) believes that pharmacists have the unique knowledge, skills, and responsibilities for assuming an important role in substance abuse prevention, education, and assistance. Pharmacists, as health care providers, should be actively involved in reducing the negative effects that substance abuse has on society, health systems, and the pharmacy profession. Further, ASHP supports efforts to rehabilitate pharmacists and other health-system employees whose mental or physical impairments are caused by substance abuse. PMID:24429020

2014-02-01

417

Excessive discounting of delayed rewards in substance abusers with gambling problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated delay discounting functions of substance abusing problem gamblers, substance abusing non-problem gamblers, and non-problem gambling\\/non-substance abusing controls. Subjects chose between hypothetical monetary amounts available after various delays or immediately. In one condition, a USUS$1000 reward was delayed at intervals ranging from 6 h to 25 years. At each delay interval, the immediately available rewards varied from USUS$1

Nancy M Petry; Thomas Casarella

1999-01-01

418

Associations Among Childhood Trauma, Adolescent Problem Behaviors, and Adverse Adult Outcomes in Substance-Abusing Women Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores relationships among exposure to childhood abuse and traumatic events, adolescent conduct problems and substance abuse, and adult psychological distress and criminal behaviors in a sample of substance-abusing women offenders (N = 440). Latent variable structural equation models revealed direct relationships between several childhood traumatic events and greater adolescent conduct problems and substance abuse. Conduct problems predicted more

Christine E. Grella; Judith A. Stein; Lisa Greenwell

2005-01-01

419

Select Counselors’ Perspectives on Alcohol and Substance Abuse Among Hispanic Adolescents.  

E-print Network

??This qualitative instrumental case study investigated the issue of alcohol and substance abuse among Hispanic adolescents through the perspectives of select counselors. Hispanic-Americans are the… (more)

Tetrault, David E.

2006-01-01

420

Does Cultural Adaptation Have a Role in Substance Abuse Treatment?  

PubMed Central

The changing ethnic composition of the nation and increasing requirements to use evidence-based treatments (EBTs) challenge mental health professionals to adapt treatments and interventions to be appropriate for their clients. This article applies the available information on cultural adaptation to substance abuse. The authors’ review suggests that the most common approaches for adapting substance use interventions include some combination of either community involvement in the adaptation, existing research and literature, and/or consultation from experts to adapt EBTs. The challenges facing the development of culturally adapted interventions include the need for additional research to determine which specific EBTs warrant adaptation, the responsibility of maintaining the balance between fidelity and adaptation, and the challenge of intragroup diversity. PMID:23731430

Burlew, A. Kathleen; Copeland, Valire Carr; Ahuama-Jonas, Chizara; Calsyn, Donald A.

2013-01-01

421

Failure of Intimate Partner Violence Screening Among Patients with Substance Use Disorders  

PubMed Central

Objectives This studys examined the relationship between substance use disorder (SUD) and intimate partner violence screening (IPV) and management practices in the emergency department (ED). Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of adult ED patients presenting to an urban, tertiary care teaching hospital over a 4-month period. An automated electronic data abstraction process identified consecutive patients and retrieved visit characteristics, including results of three violence screening questions, demographic data, triage acuity, time of visit, and ICD-9 diagnosis codes. Data on management were collected using a standardized abstraction tool by two reviewers masked to the study question. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of screening and management. Results In 10,071 visits, 6,563 violence screens were completed. IPV screening was documented in 33.5% of patients with alcohol-related diagnoses (95% CI = 27.7% to 39.3%, ?2 = 116.78, p < 0.001) and 53.3% of patients with drug-related diagnoses (95% CI = 44.3% to 62.3%, ?2 = 7.69, p = 0.006), compared to 66.1% of patients without these diagnoses (95% CI = 65.2% to 67.1%). In the multivariate analysis, alcohol (OR 0.30, 95% CI = 0.22 to 0.40) and drug use (OR 0.56, 95% CI = 0.38 to 0.83) were associated with decreased odds of screening. Of completed screens, 429 (6.5%) were positive, but violence was addressed further in only 55.7% of patients. Substance abuse did not appear to affect the odds of having positive screens addressed further by providers (OR 1.96, 95% CI = 0.39 to 10.14). Conclusions This study found an association between SUD and decreased odds of IPV screening. Failure to screen for IPV in the setting of substance use may represent a missed opportunity to address a critical health issue, and be a barrier to successful intervention. PMID:20670328

Choo, Esther K.; Nicolaidis, Christina; Jenkinson, Robert H.; Cox, Jessi M.; McConnell, K. John

2010-01-01

422

Substance abuse treatment and emergency department utilization among a cohort of HIV-infected persons with alcohol problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the association between substance abuse treatment services and emergency department (ED) utilization among participants in the HIV-Alcohol Longitudinal Cohort study of HIV-infected persons with a history of alcohol problems. A standardized questionnaire was administered to 350 subjects inquiring about demographics, substance use, use of substance abuse treatment services, and ED attendance. We operationally defined substance abuse treatment services

Anita Palepu; Nicholas J. Horton; Nicole Tibbetts; Kim Dukes; Seville Meli; Jeffrey H. Samet

2003-01-01

423

Sexual abuse and violence among adolescent girls in Botswana: a mental health perspective.  

PubMed

The presence of sexual abuse among societies in Botswana is a phenomenon whose occurrence is usually denied albeit the police report on it and legal frameworks have been established to combat it. Several factors influence the concealment of sexual abuse among adolescent girls, which includes cultural factors and social status of the perpetrators. This paper espouses the concept of sexual abuse among adolescent girls, the existence of the problem, its magnitude, the factors that increase vulnerability to violence and abuse, and how these factors intersect with HIV and AIDS. Two case studies using a discovery method were used to explore the phenomenon under the study. The findings of the study indicated that sexual abuse and violence have profound mental health consequences including guilt, anxiety, depression and anger. Future research is suggested to explore this problem on a wider scale and develop interventions that can assist victims and perpetrators to cope with the situation. PMID:19544130

Seloilwe, Esther Salang; Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Gloria

2009-07-01

424

Substance abuse, traumatic brain injury and neuropsychological outcome.  

PubMed

The neuropsychological performance of 119 patients with severe closed traumatic brain injury (TBI) who had received toxicology screens at the time of trauma centre admission was examined. Three groups were created: normal screen, positive alcohol screen, or positive abused drugs screen (with or without the presence of alcohol). The admitting Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score was significantly lower in the positive alcohol screen group than the normal screen group, while the three groups did not differ in length of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) or years of education. Neuropsychological assessment was conducted during inpatient rehabilitation, following resolution of PTA. Normal screen patients obtained significantly better scores than the abused-drugs patients on the Full Scale IQ (FIQ) and Verbal IQ (VIQ) indices of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised and the Verbal Memory, General Memory, Attention-Concentration, and Delayed Recall indices of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised. Normal screen patients also scored significantly higher than positive alcohol screen patients on FIQ and VIQ indices and all five indices from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised. These data suggest the existence of an additive effect of substance abuse on neuropsychological outcome in TBI. Findings have potential implications for both acute management and rehabilitation of TBI. PMID:9171925

Kelly, M P; Johnson, C T; Knoller, N; Drubach, D A; Winslow, M M

1997-06-01

425

Substance Abuse and Treatment of State and Federal Prisoners, 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on January 5, this new study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) reports a rise in the proportion of state inmates who used drugs (including alcohol) in the month before their arrest and an increase in use by federal inmates within prisons between 1990 and 1997. In the same period, the proportion of state inmates receiving drug abuse treatment fell from 24.5% in 1991 to 9.7% in 1997, and the numbers of inmates in treatment in federal prisons fell from 15.7% to 9.2%. Analysts attribute these figures to both a new awareness by police and the court system towards offender drug use and the exploding prison population, which has doubled since it reached 1.8 million in 1980. Available in .pdf or ASCII format, the report contains data tables on "prior alcohol and drug abuse by type of drug, type of offense, severity of prior substance abuse, and other offender characteristics," as well as the types of treatment and programs in prisons. A press release, spreadsheets in .zip format, and related data sets are also available.

Mumola, Christopher J.

1999-01-01

426

Community Capacity Assessment in Preventing Substance Abuse: A Participatory Approach  

PubMed Central

Background: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) increasingly is being used to address health issues. Few evidence exist to indicate how builds the capacity of communities to function as health promoter and what resources are required to promote successful efforts. This article presents the result of a capacity assessment for preventing drug abuse through CBPR, which working with rather than in communities, to strengthen a community’s problem-solving capacity. For exploring the perception of stakeholders, a dynamic model of the dimensions of community and partnership capacity served as the theoretical framework. Methods: In this descriptive research, stakeholder analysis helps us to identify appropriate of stakeholders (Key stakeholders). Data were collected using a topic guide concerned with capacity for preventing drug abuse. Interviews were audiotape and transcribed. Data were analyzed thematically. Results: CBPR has been undertaken to involve local people in making decisions about the kind of change they want in their community and the allocation of resources to reduce substance abuse. We identified key stakeholders and examining their interests, resources and constraints of different stakeholders. Conclusion: The current study has shown the benefits of community-based participatory approach in assessing capacity. Through CBPR process people who affected by Drug issue engaged in analysis of their own situation and helps identity innovative solutions for their complex problem. This participatory approach to a capacity assessment resulted in a synergistic effort that provided a more accurate picture of community issues and concerns. PMID:23193506

Shahandeh, KH; Majdzadeh, R; Jamshidi, E; Loori, N

2012-01-01

427

The Effects of Violence Acuity and Door to Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite recent gains in understanding the links between intimate partner violence and substance abuse by women, the service issues related to these cooccurring problems are relatively unexplored. This study addresses 3 practice-related questions critical to the provision of services in coordinated or integrated substance abuse and intimate partner violence programs: (a) Are different “doors” to service associated with different outcomes?

Larry W. Bennett; Patricia OBrien

2010-01-01

428

Witnessed Community and Parental Violence in Relation to Substance Use and Delinquency in a National Sample of Adolescents  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether witnessed community and parental violence represented risk factors for substance use and delinquency among adolescents, beyond the contribution of direct violence and other risk factors. We also examined the role of violence characteristics. Participants were a national sample of 3,614 adolescents. Structured telephone interviews assessed demographics, trauma history, witnessed violence, delinquency, and substance use. While accounting for trauma history and other risk factors, witnessed community and parental violence were associated with delinquency. Community violence was associated with substance use. Chronic violence, knowing the perpetrator, and violence outside of school were correlated with substance use and delinquency among adolescents who witnessed community violence. These findings highlight the importance of targeting witnessed violence in prevention and intervention efforts. PMID:19885872

Zinzow, Heidi M.; Ruggiero, Kenneth J.; Hanson, Rochelle F.; Smith, Daniel W.; Saunders, Benjamin E.; Kilpatrick, Dean G.

2009-01-01

429

The Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence: Examining Both Neglect and Child Physical Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research supports a substantial overlap between domestic violence and child maltreatment. However, few studies examine the characteristics of families in which both domestic violence and child maltreatment are present, with most studies exploring only child physical abuse. This study examined differences in demographic characteristics, parental problems, and maltreatment characteristics for families involving physical abuse or neglect and woman battering compared

Carolyn Copps Hartley

2002-01-01

430

Validation of a System of Classifying Female Substance Abusers on the Basis of Personality and Motivational Risk Factors for Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the validity of classifying a community-recruited sample of substance-abusing women (N = 293) according to 4 personality risk factors for substance abuse (anxiety sensitivity, introversion–hopelessness, sensation seeking, and impulsivity). Cluster analyses reliably identified 5 subtypes of women who demonstrated differential lifetime risk for various addictive and nonaddictive disorders. An anxiety-sensitive subtype demonstrated greater lifetime risk for anxiolytic

Patricia J. Conrod; Robert O. Pihl; Sherry H. Stewart; Maurice Dongier

2000-01-01

431

Prediction of drug and alcohol abuse in hospitalized adolescents: Comparisons by gender and substance type  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined psychosocial correlates of drug and alcohol abuse in 462 hospitalized adolescents, and the extent to which these associations may be affected by gender or by substance type. Participants completed a battery of psychometrically-sound, self-report measures of psychological functioning, environmental stress, drug abuse, and alcohol abuse. Four multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine the joint and independent

Daniel F. Becker; Carlos M. Grilo

2006-01-01

432

National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse VIII: Teens and Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For eight years, the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) has been engaged in the undertaking of surveying attitudes of teens and those who most influence them--parents, teachers and school principals. While other surveys seek to measure the extent of substance abuse in the population, the CASA back to school survey probes…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

433

Substance Abuse Prevention and Intervention for Students with Disabilities: A Call to Educators. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest summarizes basic information on substance abuse prevention and intervention for students with disabilities. It identifies risks associated with specific disabilities including mental retardation/developmental disability, emotional disturbance (at highest risk for substance abuse), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, blindness,…

McCombs, Kathryn; Moore, Dennis

434

TRAUMA AND THE SUBSTANCE-ABUSING OLDER ADULT: INNOVATIVE QUESTIONS FOR ACCURATE ASSESSMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, scholarly research has dramatically increased its focus on the impact of trauma events and substance abuse. Despite the vast knowledge of the effects on health and social functioning, how substance abuse and trauma are defined and assessed with older adults in the literature remains minimally addressed and quite controversial. Alcohol, illicit drug, and prescription medication addiction

KATHRYN C. SHAFER

2004-01-01

435

Social Welfare Policy and Public Assistance for Low-Income Substance Abusers  

E-print Network

income and health care benefits for many low- income substance abusers. This paper examines- atic. Ambiguity related to the nature and consequences of drug addiction and alcoholism has made, recovering addicts and alcoholics, and substance abuse treat- ment professionals) have complicated efforts

de Lijser, Peter

436

Is the Receptivity of Substance Abuse Prevention Programming Affected by Students' Perceptions of the Instructor?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the elaboration likelihood model of persuasive communication, the authors examine the impact of the perceptions of the instructor or source on students' receptivity to a new substance abuse prevention curriculum. Using survey data from a cohort of students participating in the Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Study, the authors use…

Stephens, Peggy C.; Sloboda, Zili; Grey, Scott; Stephens, Richard; Hammond, Augustine; Hawthorne, Richard; Teasdale, Brent; Williams, Joseph

2009-01-01

437

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. March/April 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"SAMHSA News" is the national newsletter of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Published six times a year (bimonthly) by SAMHSA's Office of Communications, SAMHSA News contains information about the latest substance abuse and mental health treatment and prevention practices, recent statistics on mental health and…

Goodman, Deborah, Ed.

2008-01-01

438

Working the Web: Using the Internet To Fight Substance Abuse. Monthly Action Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Internet, people working to fight substance abuse can gather the information they need to write grant proposals, develop strategies and media campaigns, and contact legislators. The Internet also connects those working on similar issues, enhancing substance abuse education and prevention efforts. This Monthly Action Kit is a roadmap to…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

439

Protecting Children from Substance Abuse: Lessons from Free To Grow Head Start Partnerships. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that substance abuse is one of the nation's most serious health problems and is associated with numerous social ills, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation launched Free to Grow in 1994, a pilot program targeting families and communities of Head Start children to create changes that would protect them from substance abuse and related…

Harrington, Mary; Perez-Johnson, Irma; Meckstroth, Alicia; Bellotti, Jeanne; Love, John M.

440

Department of Human Services Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health (DSAMH)  

E-print Network

Department of Human Services Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health (DSAMH) I. Internal Scan will likely need other medical services beyond just substance abuse and mental health issues complex mental health issues, and some service expectations may be shifted to DSAMH. Baby boomers are also

Tipple, Brett

441

Brief screening for co-occurring disorders among women entering substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of identifying co-occurring psychiatric disorders in substance abuse treatment programs, there are few appropriate and validated instruments available to substance abuse treatment staff to conduct brief screen for these conditions. This paper describes the development, implementation and validation of a brief screening instrument for mental health diagnoses and trauma among a diverse sample of Black, Hispanic

Alisa K Lincoln; Jane M Liebschutz; Miriam Chernoff; Dana Nguyen; Hortensia Amaro

2006-01-01

442

Temperament Pathways to Childhood Disruptive Behavior and Adolescent Substance Abuse: Testing a Cascade Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Temperament traits may increase risk for developmental psychopathology like Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behaviors during childhood, as well as predisposing to substance abuse during adolescence. In the current study, a cascade model of trait pathways to adolescent substance abuse was examined. Component…

Martel, Michelle M.; Pierce, Laura; Nigg, Joel T.; Jester, Jennifer M.; Adams, Kenneth; Puttler, Leon I.; Buu, Anne; Fitzgerald, Hiram; Zucker, Robert A.

2009-01-01

443

Considerations in the Development of a Research to Practice Curriculum for Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most current substance abuse counselor certification education curricula do not include a systematic introduction to alcohol and substance abuse research. I believe that such an introduction would enhance counselor cooperation in research to practice efforts that are currently underway. In this paper I give a brief history of alcoholism and…

Yalisove, Daniel L.

2004-01-01

444

Sowk 617 SUBSTANCE ABUSE WTH CONSIDERATION OF OTHER ADDICTIVE DISORDERS Fall 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance Abuse is a widespread problem in all cultures, especially in the United States. It now cuts across all ages, both sexes and all cultural\\/ethnic groups. Our understandings of substance use and abuse and treatments are some of the most rapidly evolving and also controversial areas of knowledge in the mental health and medical fields. This course is designed to

Margaret A. Fetting

445

Daughters' Perspectives on Maternal Substance Abuse: Pledge to Be a Different Kind of Mother  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this grounded theory (Strauss & Corbin, 1998) study was to explore the experiences of racially and culturally diverse young mothers whose own mothers abused substances two decades ago when substance abuse peaked in inner city, urban neighborhoods in the United States and to identify the factors that have influenced how they parent…

Murphy, Anne P.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Cancelli, Anthony A.; Chinitz, Susan P.

2010-01-01

446

One Dozen Considerations When Working with Women in Substance Abuse Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women and men have different histories, presentations, and behaviors in substance abuse groups. Twelve considerations are offered for the beginning group leader when encountering women with substance abuse issues. These include understanding sexism, what brings women to treatment, and how women behave in group treatment. Implications for clinical practice with women in single-gender and mixed-gender groups are included.

Charlotte Lyn Bright; Victoria A. Osborne; Geoffrey L. Greif

2011-01-01

447

Social Support: A Mixed Blessing for Women in Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a personal social network framework, this qualitative study sought to understand how women in substance abuse treatment describe their network members' supportive and unsupportive behaviors related to recovery. Eighty-six women were interviewed from residential and outpatient substance abuse treatment programs. Positive and negative aspects of women's social networks were assessed via open-ended questions. Analysis was guided by grounded theory

Elizabeth M. Tracy; Michelle R. Munson; Lance T. Peterson; Jerry E. Floersch

2010-01-01

448

Involving the pharmaceutical and biotech communities in medication development for substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pharmacotherapy as adjunctive treatment is an integral part of the strategy for treating substance abuse. Although there are several approved drugs for the treatment of opioid, alcohol, and nicotine dependence, the pharmaceutical industry, for a variety of reasons, has been reluctant to enter this area to develop medications for substance abuse indications. Therefore, in 1990, a Medication Development Program was

Charles W. Gorodetzky; Charles Grudzinskas

2005-01-01

449

An Overview of the Effectiveness of Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes current approaches to adolescent substance abuse treatment, including the 12-step treatment approach, behavioral treatment approach, family-based treatment approach, and therapeutic community approach. Summarizes research that assesses the effectiveness of these models, offering findings from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment's…

Muck, Randolph; Zempolich, Kristin A.; Titus, Janet C.; Fishman, Marc; Godley, Mark D.; Schwebel, Robert

2001-01-01

450

November 2012 Trans-NIH Substance Use, Abuse, and Addiction Functional Integration  

E-print Network

November 2012 Trans-NIH Substance Use, Abuse, and Addiction Functional Integration Mission: The Trans-NIH Substance Use, Abuse, and Addiction Functional Integration is a collaborative framework, and addiction-related research. The functional integration will accomplish the mission by: · identifying

Rau, Don C.

451

Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices among Substance Abuse Treatment Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted at a Substance Abuse Forum designed to address local community needs by focusing on Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs) in addiction treatment. The purpose of the study was to assess substance abuse treatment professionals' readiness to adopt EBPs, experience with EBPs, and attitudes toward EBPs, as well as agency support…

Haug, Nancy A.; Shopshire, Michael; Tajima, Barbara; Gruber, Valerie; Guydish, Joseph

2008-01-01

452

Emotional Disturbance and Substance Abuse/Addiction Special Education Programming for the Dually-Diagnosed Adolescent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dually diagnosed adolescents suffering from both severe emotional disturbance and substance abuse/addiction constitute a special population which poses a challenge to health professionals in special education as well as clinical settings. The prevalence of substance use, abuse, and addiction has been shown to be significantly above the national…

Bogdaniak, Roman C.

453

Missed Opportunity: National Survey of Primary Care Physicians and Patients on Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national representative survey of primary care physicians (N=648) was conducted to determine how they deal with patients who have substance abuse problems. The survey revealed how physicians identify substance abuse in their patients, what efforts they make to help these patients, and what barriers they find to effective diagnosis and treatment.…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

454

Comparative analysis of state requirements for the training of substance abuse and mental health counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data on minimum state requirements for drug and alcohol counselors and mental health counselors in all 50 states and Washington, DC, suggest that training as a mental health counselor is primarily structured through formal education, whereas training as a substance abuse counselor resembles an apprentice model. Fewer states offer or require certification or licensure of substance abuse counselors, compared to

MaryLouise E. Kerwin; Katherine Walker-Smith; Kimberly C. Kirby

2006-01-01

455

American Indian and Alaska Native Substance Abuse: Co-Morbidity and Cultural Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The devastating impact of substance abuse on American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) is reviewed with an emphasis on psychological and physical effects. Co-morbidity of substance abuse, trans-generational trauma, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and depression among AI/ANs is also discussed since each condition may cause, impact, and/or…

Gray, Norma; Nye, Patricia S.

2001-01-01

456

When You Assume … the Reality of Implementing a Legally Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2000, the voters of California approved the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA), mandating that substance-abusing offenders who met the eligibility criteria receive treatment and not jail time. In preparation for implementation, the Santa Clara County Department of Alcohol and Drug Services Research Institute worked to identify the number and type of clients who would be eligible to

Deane Wiley; Martha Beattie; Hung Nguyen; Katherine Puckett; Kakoli Banerjee; Winnie Poon

2004-01-01

457

PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN NON-PSYCHIATRIC AND PSYCHIATRIC POPULATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates psychological correlates of substance abuse among psychiatric patients . One Hundred and six (106) psychiatric patients from Uyo prisons and psychiatric hospital in Eket and 110 non-psychiatric others from Eket and Uyo served as participants. Their ages range from 16-65 years. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire ( Neuroticism and Psychoticism scales) and the Psychological Correlates of Substance abuse

STELLA IDORENYIN ETIM; IBORO F. A. OTTU

458

Using Computational Models to Help Explain Decision Making Processes of Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to formulate a computational model that synthesizes two separate explanations for decision making,deficits in substance abusers. One is based on poor planning caused by discounting of future consequences, and the other is based on poor learning caused by insensitivityto punishments,or hypersensitivity to rewards. First we review empirical research on differences between substance abusers

Jerome R. Busemeyer; Julie C. Stout

459

Linking social structure, fragmentation, and substance abuse in a resource-based community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on case-study research from a rural, resource-based community in Alberta, Canada, this paper explores the social and economic context of substance abuse. Specifically, the linkages between social structure, community fragmentation, and family dysfunction offer a way of understanding differential resistance and susceptibility to substance abuse. Five thematic areas were linked to susceptibility in this study: (1) an economy based

John R. Parkins; Angela C. Angell

2011-01-01

460

Societal Response to Developmental Differences and Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent findings indicate an increased concern that conventional substance abuse treatment models consistently reflect less than satisfactory outcomes when applied to adolescents. This study investigates developmental differences among adolescents and adults as a possible cause of the disparity. The author conducted interviews with substance abuse professionals, developmental psychologists, adolescents in treatment, and adolescents no less than six months out of

Randall R. Osborne

2002-01-01

461

Effectiveness of Different Models of Case Management for Substance-Abusing Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case management has been implemented in substance abuse treatment to improve (cost-) effectiveness, but controversy exists about its potential to realize this objective. A systematic and comprehensive review of peer-reviewed articles (n = 48) published between 1993 and 2003 is presented, focusing on the effects of different models of case management among various substance-abusing populations. Results show that several studies

Wouter Vanderplasschen; Judith Wolf; Richard C. Rapp; Eric Broekaert

2007-01-01

462

Trauma and Substance Abuse Among Women in Prostitution: Implications for a Specialized Diversion Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to inform the implementation of a specialized prostitution diversion program to help women quit prostitution and avoid criminal prosecution. Data on 17 women's experience of trauma and substance abuse and their views on how these experiences affected their involvement in prostitution were gathered in focus groups and face-to-face interviews (including measures of substance abuse, trauma, and

Shelly A. Wiechelt; Corey S. Shdaimah

2011-01-01

463

Personality Traits and Interpersonal Functioning in Substance Abuse Therapists with and without Personal Recovery Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study ascertained whether there are differences in the personality traits or interpersonal functioning of therapists with personal recovery of substance abuse and other therapists. Moreover, an A\\/B typology reconstruction was made of the past substance abuse of the recovered therapists. The participants (N = 162) were therapists in Finnish inpatient treatment institutions. Personality traits were measured using a test

Pekka Saarnio

2010-01-01

464

Self-reflected causes of substance abuse among Hong Kong young addicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hong Kong is a place with an exceptionally low prevalence rate of youth substance abuse. Whether the low rate is attributable to the zero-tolerance policy promulgated by the government there is worth investigation. The manner of the investigation involves a contest of theoretical explanations of substance abuse among young people. For the zero-tolerance policy to claim success, formal regulation of

C.-K. Cheung; J. W.-K. Yeung

2007-01-01

465

New Anticonvulsants: A Review of Applications for the Management of Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse and related disorders are a major problem in the United States and elsewhere. In many cases, pharmacotherapy has been shown to be useful in the treatment of substance abuse and related disorders, both in detoxification and in the prevention of relapse. However, currently used medications are not ideal, due either to their effectiveness being less than desirable or

John R. Gentry; Caroline Hill; Robert Malcolm

2002-01-01

466

Comprehensive Case Management for Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This TIP contains information on the best practice guidelines on case management for substance abuse treatment providers. It serves to educate program coordinators and facilitators about the factors to consider as they decide to modify or implement case management activities. Many substance abuse clients arrive for treatment with a number of other…

Cook, Paddy; Dogoloff, Mary Lou; Harteker, Linda; Nelson, Anne E.; Paul, Michelle M.; Shuman, Deborah J.; Mjoseth, Marcia; Vitzthum, Virginia; Hayes, Elizabeth; Gilbert, Max; Smith, Cara; Nguyen, Y-Lang

467

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102...ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs...

2011-10-01

468

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102...ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs...

2012-10-01

469

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102...ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs...

2013-10-01

470

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section 219.102...ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No employee who performs...

2010-10-01

471

A Qualitative Study of Recovering and Nonrecovering Substance Abuse Counselors' Belief Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated recovering and nonrecovering substance abuse counselors' beliefs about the etiology and treatment of substance abuse disorders. Qualitative methods were used to investigate these variables. Analysis of the data revealed several key findings with implications for future research. (Contains 1 table.)

Crabb, Ann C.; Linton, Jeremy M.

2007-01-01

472

Substance Abuse in African Americans: In Search of a Culturally Competent Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Healthy People 2010 guidelines identify substance abuse as a major public health problem in need of effective interventions for diverse populations including racial and ethnic minorities. However, the literature with regard to substance abuse in the African American community is rather scant. This article discusses the need for a research…

Sharma, Manoj; Atri, Ashutosh

2006-01-01

473

An Integrative Spiritual Development Model of Supervision for Substance Abuse Counselors-in-Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse counselors who address clients' spiritual development may provide more comprehensive counseling. This article presents an integrative supervision model designed to promote the spiritual development of substance abuse counselors-in-training, reviews the model, and discusses the implications for counselor education.

Weiss Ogden, Karen R.; Sias, Shari M.

2011-01-01

474

Psychiatric Disabilities and Substance Abuse Disorder: Psychosocial and Vocational Concerns--Implications for Rehabilitation Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the comorbidity of substance abuse and psychiatric disorder. The paper examines the medical, psychosocial, and vocational rehabilitation concerns associated with substance abuse and psychiatric disorder comorbidity. A greater emphasis is placed on vocational concerns and the role of…

Patterson, Latofia; Templeton, Mary Anne

2006-01-01

475

Training Needs for Substance Abuse Treatment and Assessment among Rehabilitation Counselors: California State Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred rehabilitation counselors in California reported that about 90% of consumers with whom they worked with had substance abuse and cooccurring issues, yet about half rated their graduate training in substance abuse treatment and assessment as poor and their practices as marginally proficient. The correlation analysis revealed that…

Ong, Lee Za; Lee, Dal-Yob; Cha, Grace; Arokiasamy, Charles

2008-01-01

476

The Development of a Substance Abuse Curriculum in a Master's of Social Work Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse has been identified as a significant social problem. Social work is uniquely positioned to affect this problem. Kennesaw State University has established a substance abuse concentration as part of its master's of social work program. The purpose of this article is to describe the development of this curriculum. The curriculum is…

Corrigan, Matthew J.; Bill, M. Louise; Slater, Judith R.

2009-01-01

477

A Comprehensive Substance Abuse Counselor Education Program: From Specialty Certificate to Ph.D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

East Carolina University has one of the few comprehensive substance abuse counselor education (SACE) programs in the nation that offers an undergraduate, master's, and doctoral level of preparation in substance abuse counseling. This article describes the evolution of this SACE from its beginning in 1972 to its current status. This comprehensive…

Goodwin, Lloyd R., Jr.

2006-01-01

478

Trajectories of Childhood Aggression and Inattention/Hyperactivity: Differential Effects on Substance Abuse in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

335 children of alcoholic and nonalcoholic fathers were examined to study the relation between childhood behavior trajectories and adolescent substance abuse. Findings suggested that children with both aggression and inattention/hyperactivity were at an increased risk of substance abuse when compared to children with only inattention/hyperactivity…

Jester, Jennifer M.; Nigg, Joel T.; Buu, Anne; Puttler, Leon I.; Glass, Jennifer M.; Heitzeg, Mary M.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E.; Zucker, Robert A.

2008-01-01

479

Monitoring and Evaluation of Substance Abuse Services in South Africa: Implications for Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although outcomes monitoring and the collection of other performance data holds benefits for service managers and policy makers, the extent to which these data are collected by South African substance abuse service providers is unknown. To describe (i) the extent to which substance abuse service providers in South Africa monitor and evaluate their…

Myers, Bronwyn; Burnhams, Nadine Harker; Fakier, Nuraan

2010-01-01

480

Evaluating and Training Substance Abuse Counselors: A Pilot Study Assessing Standardized Patients as Authentic Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinician training and supervision are needed to transfer evidence-based practices to community-based treatment organizations. Standardized patients (SPs) are used for clinician training and evaluating. However, to be effective for substance abuse counselors, SPs must realistically portray substance abuse treatment clients. The current study…

Fussell, Holly E.; Lewy, Colleen S.; McFarland, Bentson H.

2009-01-01

481

Is Substance Abuse Increasing among WCPSS High School Students? Eye on Evaluation. E&R Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After more than a decade of decline in the use of drugs by American high school students, national, state and local data sources seem to indicate that high school student substance abuse, particularly the use of marijuana and hallucinogens such as LSD, has been increasing for the past two years. Indicators of student substance abuse can be found…

Wake County Public Schools System, Raleigh, NC. Dept. of Evaluation and Research.

482

The Urgency Of Providing Comprehensive And Integrated Treatment For Substance Abusers With HIV  

PubMed Central

Substance abuse is linked to many new cases of HIV infection. Barriers such as the myth that drug users cannot adhere to HIV/AIDS treatment block progress in curbing the spread of HIV in that population. In this article we explain the need to aggressively seek out high-risk, hard-to-reach substance abusers and to offer them HIV testing, access to treatment, and the necessary support to remain in treatment—both for HIV and for substance abuse. We summarize evidence showing that injection drug users can successfully undergo HIV treatment; that many substance abusers adhere to antiretroviral therapy as well as do people who don’t inject drugs; and that injection drug users who undergo substance abuse treatment are more likely to obtain and stay in treatment for their HIV infection. This evidence makes a strong case for integrating substance abuse treatment with HIV treatment programs and providing substance abusers with universal access to HIV treatment. But an integrated strategy will require changes in the health care system to overcome lingering obstacles that inhibit the merging of substance abuse treatment with HIV programs. PMID:21821558

Volkow, Nora D.; Montaner, Julio

2011-01-01

483

Provision of Mental Health Services in South African Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, South African research has not examined mental health service provision in substance abuse treatment facilities, even though these services improve client retention and treatment outcomes. To describe the extent to which substance abuse treatment facilities in Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal provinces provide clients with mental health services…

Myers, Bronwyn; Fakier, Nuraan

2009-01-01

484

National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse VII: Teens, Parents and Siblings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuses surveys have consistently found that the family is fundamental to keeping children away from tobacco, alcohol and illegal drugs. This 2002 survey keeps the focus on family and seeks to assess the impact of siblings on the likelihood of teen substance abuse. This year 1,000 teens ages 12 to 17…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

485

Adoption of practice guidelines and assessment tools in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The gap between research and practice limits utilization of relevant, progressive and empirically validated strategies in substance abuse treatment. METHODS: Participants included substance abuse treatment programs from the Northeastern United States. Structural equation models were constructed with agency level data to explore two outcome variables: adoption of practice guidelines and assessment tools at two points in time; models also

Traci Rieckmann; Bret E Fuller; Dennis McCarty

2010-01-01

486

Benefit-Cost in the California Treatment Outcome Project: Does Substance Abuse Treatment \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To examine costs and monetary benefits associated with substance abuse treatment. Data Sources. Primary and administrative data on client outcomes and agency costs from 43 substance abuse treatment providers in 13 counties in California during 2000- 2001. Study Design. Using a social planner perspective, the estimated direct cost of treat- mentwascomparedwiththe associatedmonetarybenefits,includingtheclient'scostsof medical care, mental health services, criminal activity,

Susan L. Ettner; David Huang; Elizabeth Evans; Danielle Rose Ash; Mary Hardy; Mickel Jourabchi; Yih-Ing Hser

2006-01-01

487

Co-occurring disorders in substance abuse treatment: Issues and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the epidemiology of co-occurring disorders (CODs) with an emphasis on the implications of study findings for the functioning and potential of substance abuse treatment. Severity of disorder is discussed as an issue that may have particular significance for the selection of specialized as opposed to traditional substance abuse treatment forms. Exploration is made, as well, of the

Patrick M. Flynn; Barry S. Brown

2008-01-01

488

Dysthymia among Substance Abusers: An Exploratory Study of Individual and Mental Health Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the individual characteristics and mental health factors of dysthymic and nondysthymic substance abusers. Out of a total of 1,209 medical records reviewed to select cases of dysthymic and nondysthymic substance abusers attending a community drug treatment program, 183 medical records were selected, 48% of…

Diaz, Naelys; Horton, Eloise G.; McIlveen, John; Weiner, Michael; Nelson, Jenniffer

2009-01-01

489

Issues and Standards in Counseling Lesbians and Gay Men with Substance Abuse Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the issues and standards facing mental health counselors when working with lesbians and gay men who have substance abuse problems. Explores some of the major factors that contribute to substance abuse problems in the gay community are explored. Guidelines regarding legal protections for this population are provided. (Contains 64…

Cheng, Zhankun

2003-01-01

490

Victimization and Substance Abuse Among Women: Contributing Factors, Interventions, and Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the literature indicates that there is an association of victimization with substance abuse, there has been limited research focused on understanding and synthesizing the factors that have been identified as contributing to victimization and substance abuse and on interventions designed to address these contributing factors. The purposes of this article are to (a) review the literature on factors related

T. K. Logan; Robert Walker; Jennifer Cole; Carl Leukefeld

2002-01-01

491

EXERCISE PREFERENCES OF PATIENTS IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT  

PubMed Central

While emerging studies have demonstrated the benefit of exercise in early recovery from substance use disorders, recruitment and adherence to exercise interventions have been challenging. Tailoring interventions based on patient exercise preferences may address these concerns. Ninety-seven (N=97; age=41.6 years; 44% female) patients were recruited from an intensive substance abuse outpatient program and filled out questionnaires about their exercise preferences. Most (71%) patients were not currently engaged in an exercise program (i.e., exercising less than 20 minutes/day for 3 days/week over the last 6 months). The vast majority (95%) expressed an interest in engaging in an exercise program specifically designed for persons in substance use recovery and 89% reported wanting to initiate an exercise program within the first 3 months of sobriety. Specific exercise preferences regarding type of physical activity, exercise intervention components, and perceived benefits and barriers to exercise differed between males and females. These findings suggest low rates of regular exercise, high level of interest in engaging in exercise during early recovery, and point toward the need to tailor interventions to the unique preferences of individuals. PMID:22125581

Abrantes, Ana M.; Battle, Cynthia L.; Strong, David R.; Ing, Eileen; Dubreuil, Mary Ella; Gordon, Alan; Brown, Richard A.

2011-01-01

492

Animal Models of Substance Abuse and Addiction: Implications for Science, Animal Welfare, and Society  

PubMed Central

Substance abuse and addiction are well recognized public health concerns, with 2 NIH institutes (the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) specifically targeting this societal problem. As such, this is an important area of research for which animal experiments play a critical role. This overview presents the importance of substance abuse and addiction in society; reviews the development and refinement of animal models that address crucial areas of biology, pathophysiology, clinical treatments, and drug screening for abuse liability; and discusses some of the unique veterinary, husbandry, and IACUC challenges associated with these models. PMID:20579432

Lynch, Wendy J; Nicholson, Katherine L; Dance, Mario E; Morgan, Richard W; Foley, Patricia L

2010-01-01

493

The Role of the Primary Care Practitioner in the Diagnosis and Management of Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Substance abuse has become a major threat and cause of disability for persons of all ages, races, and socioeconomic levels.\\u000a Neither educational achievement, domicile, nor family background and make-up are guarantees against either direct involvement\\u000a in substance abuse or the consequences of abuse by others. It is evident that the primary care health practitioner, regardless\\u000a of his\\/her focus of clinical

George D. Comerci

494

Violence and abuse in psychiatric in-patient institutions: a South African perspective.  

PubMed

Institutionalisation of psychiatric patients was a prevalent treatment approach in the apartheid era of South Africa. Allegations of violence and abuse towards patients frequently arose during this time. The post-apartheid Department of Health prioritised improvements in mental health care by recommending, inter alia, deinstitutionalisation and reintegration of patients into the community. Ten years later, these interventions have proved difficult to institute and many patients are still hospitalised. The present study investigated whether currently hospitalised patients continued to experienced violence and abuse. This was an exploratory naturalistic study in which both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. Of the 127 who completed the study, more than 50% reported experiences of abuse. The main perpetrators were other patients, although violence by staff was reported. Reasons for the tardiness of implementation of deinstitutionalisation and the prevalence of ongoing violence and abuse in psychiatric hospitals are complex. Factors inherited from the pre-democratic system coupled with increased urban violence and financial constraints appear to be some of the major causes of ongoing dependency upon hospitalisation of mental health care users. The present study highlighted the urgency of implementing mental health care improvements. PMID:16516967

Lucas, Marilyn; Stevenson, Dean

2006-01-01

495

IMPAIRED PHYSICIAN FOCUS ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE 1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV.  

E-print Network

IMPAIRED PHYSICIAN FOCUS ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE REFERENCES 1 1. American Psychiatric Association Association; 1994. 2. American Society of Addiction Medicine. Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment. Washington, DC: American Pharmaceutical Association; 1996. 4. Earley P. Substance abuse related disorders. In

Yates, Andrew

496

From the Individual to the Community: Perspectives about Substance Abuse Services  

PubMed Central

This paper argues that substance abuse interventions in distressed African-American communities must be culturally-tailored and incorporate a framework targeting changes in both individual behavior and the community. The current study employed Concept Mapping in conjunction with Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) principles to involve 100 community members, substance users, and service providers to examine the role of alcohol and other drugs in distressed African-American communities. Findings reveal the way participants understand the role of drugs and alcohol in their community and their perceptions of substance abuse services. The paper describes a collaborative approach to engage the community in addressing substance abuse. PMID:23243393

WINDSOR, LILIANE CAMBRAIA; MURUGAN, VITHYA

2012-01-01

497

Sexual abuse, family violence, and female delinquency: findings from a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

The current study examines the effects of three forms of childhood victimization on self-reported delinquency and aggression in adolescent girls. These analyses are based on a longitudinal sample of 141 mother-daughter pairs participating in a study about marital violence and child development. When the children were school aged, mothers and children provided reports describing (a) child exposure to marital violence, (b) escalated physical abuse against the child, and (c) child sexual abuse. Children were followed up into adolescence and re-interviewed. Self-reports of delinquency (violent and nonviolent), running away, and violence against parents were collected. Results indicate that out of the three forms of victimization, child sexual abuse emerged as the strongest predictor of girls' violent and nonviolent criminal behavior. Girls with a history of physical abuse in childhood were most likely to assault their parents. Witnessing marital violence failed to contribute further to delinquency, beyond the adverse association with childhood sexual abuse. Findings highlight a unique avenue for delinquency in girls via childhood sexual exploitation. PMID:12968661

Herrera, Veronica M; McCloskey, Laura Ann

2003-06-01

498

Improving the outcomes of children affected by parental substance abuse: a review of randomized controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Substance abuse is a major public health concern that impacts not just the user but also the user’s family. The effect that parental substance abuse has on children has been given substantial attention over the years. Findings from the literature suggest that children of substance-abusing parents have a high risk of developing physical and mental health and behavioral problems. A number of intervention programs have been developed for parents who have a substance abuse problem. There have also been a number of interventions that have been developed for children who have at least one parent with a substance abuse problem. However, it remains unclear how we can best mitigate the negative effects that parental substance abuse has on children due to the scarcity of evaluations that utilize rigorous methodologies such as experimental designs. The purpose of this study is to review randomized controlled trials of intervention programs targeting parents with substance abuse problems and/or children with at least one parent with a substance abuse problem in order to identify programs that show some promise in improving the behavioral and mental health outcomes of children affected by parental substance abuse. Four randomized controlled trials that met our eligibility criteria were identified using major literature search engines. The findings from this review suggest that interventions that focus on improving parenting practices and family functioning may be effective in reducing problems in children affected by parental substance abuse. However, further research utilizing rigorous methodologies are needed in order to identify other successful interventions that can improve the outcomes of these children long after the intervention has ended.

Calhoun, Stacy; Conner, Emma; Miller, Melodi; Messina, Nena

2015-01-01

499

Psychopathological Dimensions in Substance Abusers with and without HIV/AIDS and Healthy Matched Group  

PubMed Central

Background Inattention to symptoms of mental disorders and substance abuse in patients with HIV/AIDS and other at-risk groups, may lead to irreversible damages. The purpose of this study was to compare the psychopathological dimensions in substance abusers with and without HIV/AIDS and healthy matched groups. Methods In a cross-sectional and analytical study, selected samples (by available, consecutive, and objective methods) were 43 HIV-positive substance abusers, 49 HIV negative substance abusers under methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) in the counseling clinic of Behavioral Diseases and Addiction Abandonment, and 45 ordinary individuals. All of them were evaluated by matched confounding variables via Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Findings Results indicated a significant difference between these groups in the Global Severity Index (GSI), Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI), and Positive Symptom Total (PST) (P < 0.001). Two by two the comparison of the three groups from psychopathological dimensions revealed that substance abusers with HIV/AIDS persistently suffer more mental problems in all dimensions compared with healthy individuals (P < 0.05). In addition, in comparison with HIV negative substance abusers, they also suffer more mental problems in other dimensions, including somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobia, and psychoticism (P < 0.05). Yet, the difference in paranoid ideation, hostility, and obsessive-compulsive cases was insignificant. Two by two, the comparison between healthy individuals and substance abusers without HIV/AIDS showed higher levels of depression and psychoticism in substance abusers (P < 0.05), but no difference in other dimensions. Conclusion Comorbidity of substance abuse and HIV diagnosis intensify mental disorder symptoms. Moreover, lack of prevention and implementation of appropriate psychological and psychiatric interventions after substance abuse and HIV lead to extended establishment of mental disorder symptoms. PMID:24494168

Rezaei, Sajjad; Taramian, Sonbol; Kafie, Seyed Mousa

2013-01-01

500

Smoking Cessation Services in Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Opportunities Missed?  

PubMed Central

The majority of adolescents receiving substance abuse treatment also use tobacco, yet there are few data regarding the adoption of tobacco use assessment and smoking cessation services by adolescent treatment programs. Using data from a national sample of adolescent-only treatment programs (n = 154), this research measures the adoption of aspects of assessment and treatment from the Public Health Service’s (2000) guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence. When adoption of four intake/assessment practices was measured, adoption appeared high, but only 45% of programs had adopted all four practices. About 43% of programs offered some type of smoking cessation services. However, there was no association between adoption of intake procedures and the odds of availability of smoking cessation services, suggesting a lack of connection between the identification of treatment needs and the availability of services. The lack of smoking cessation services may represent a missed opportunity for early intervention with this population. PMID:21278827

Knudsen, Hannah K.

2009-01-01