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1

Domestic violence and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The females and children have been the victims of family violence in most societies and cultures. The use of tobacco, alcohol and narcotic drugs are responsible in aggravating the violence. Incidences of domestic violence is significantly higher in substance abusers than others. It is equally present in countries where the status of women is high. Education level and economic status

R. V. Bhatt

1998-01-01

2

Substance Abuse and Violence: Cause and Consequence  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Substance abuse has been associated with violent behavior for many decades. While the relationship is the same today as it was in the past, the pervasiveness of the association, and the consequences, are more dramatic. There are two ways in which substance abuse is related to violence. First, violence can be and is perpetrated under the influence of substances, and

Elaine M. Johnson; Myron L. Belfer

1995-01-01

3

Substance Abuse and Violence: Cause and Consequence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse has been associated with violent behavior for many decades. While the relationship is the same today as it was in the past, the pervasiveness of the association, and the consequences, are more dramatic. There are two ways in which substance abuse is related to violence. First, violence can be and is perpetrated under the influence of substances, and

M. D. Myron L. Belfer

1995-01-01

4

Substance Abuse and Violence: Cause and Consequence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes two ways in which substance abuse is related to violence: trade in drugs and being under the influence of drugs. The paper argues that reducing the demand for drugs by eliminating the market for them will bring about a reciprocal reduction in substance abuse-related violence. (GR)|

Johnson, Elaine M.; Belfer, Myron L.

1995-01-01

5

Violent substance abusers in domestic violence treatment.  

PubMed

Although substance abuse is frequently encountered in men receiving services in violence treatment settings, systematic study of these 'dual-problem' men has lagged. This study had two main objectives: (1) the characterization of psychoactive substance abuse disorders in a naturalistic sample of men in domestic violence treatment; and (2) clarification of the role of substance abuse on the sociodemographic, personality, psychosocial, and abuse characteristics of dual-problem men. Fifty-three adult men who were attending domestic violence treatment were recruited. They were administered the Addiction Severity Index, the Conflicts Tactics Scale, Structured Clinical Diagnostic Interview, the 16PF and the Symptoms Checklist-90. Partners, when available, were asked to provide corroboration. Sixty-three percent of the men had a current diagnosis of psychoactive substance abuse or dependence, while 92.5% had a lifetime diagnosis. Of the former, the majority was diagnosed as multiply dependent on alcohol and other drugs. As the severity of the substance abuse increased, so too did the dangerousness and frequency of abusive behaviors. Moreover, dual-problem men reported more hostility, apprehension, frustration and suspiciousness and past arrests than did their violence-only cohorts as well as a history of multiple (unsuccessful) treatments for substance abuse. These findings suggest that the trend toward multiple drug complaints seen in other clinical milieus is also being confronted in conjugal violence settings. In addition to the greater therapeutic challenge such dual-problem men present, these findings speak to the need to investigate integrated treatment approaches to improve the outlook of men grappling with both conjugal violence and multiple substance abuse problems. PMID:10418770

Brown, T G; Werk, A; Caplan, T; Seraganian, P

1999-01-01

6

Partner violence and substance abuse: Treatment interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partner violence is a serious public health issue. For couples who enter treatment for drug and alcohol abuse, rates of partner aggression are alarmingly high, with 53% to 63% of couples reporting one or more episodes of partner violence in the year prior to program entry (Murphy & O'Farrell, 1994; Murphy, O'Farrell, Fals-Stewart, & Feeham, 2001; Stuart et al., 2003).

Keith Klostermann; Michelle L. Kelley; Theresa Mignone; Lori Pusateri; William Fals-Stewart

2010-01-01

7

The Response to Conjugal Violence in Substance Abuse Treatment Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The linkage between conjugal violence and substance abuse is well established. The evidence suggests that little coordination exists among the therapeutic communities positioned to treat co-existing problems. A survey was conducted in Quebec with professionals representing 57 substance abuse treatment centers, 38 of which were public. Questions…

Brown, Thomas G.; Caplan, Thomas; Seraganian, Peter; Werk, Annette

8

Witnessing Violence Among Inner-city Children of Substance-Abusing and Non-Substance-Abusing Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine if children of substance- abusing mothers witness more violence than children of non-substance-abusing (control) mothers, and to deter- mine if children who witness violence have more behav- ioral problems and higher stress scores than children who do not witness violence. Design: Cross-sectional research design comparing ex- posure to violence among children of substance- abusing mothers and control

Maureen E. Schuler; Prasanna Nair

2001-01-01

9

Addressing intimate partner violence in substance-abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the use of partner-involved therapies for alcoholism and drug abuse become more common in substance-abuse treatment programs, providers are more frequently encountering one of the most challenging and politically charged public health issues of our time: intimate partner violence (IPV). Recent investigations reveal 40–60% of married or cohabiting substance-abusing patients report episodes of partner aggression in the year preceding

William Fals-Stewart; Cheryl Kennedy

2005-01-01

10

Violence perpetration and childhood abuse among men and women in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite an association between violence perpetration and substance use, the characteristics associated with violence among patients in treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) are not well documented. Data were gathered from a national sample of men (n = 4,459) and women (n = 1,774) entering SUD treatment on history of violence perpetration, exposure to childhood physical abuse (CPA) and childhood

Mandi L. Burnette; Mark Ilgen; Susan M. Frayne; Emma Lucas; Julia Mayo; Julie C. Weitlauf

2008-01-01

11

Native women, violence, substance abuse and HIV risk.  

PubMed

Violence has become a critical public health issue in the United States. It has had a particularly devastating impact on the health and well being of Native American women and children. The relationship between aggression and substance use is an intrinsic one: Native women often bear the brunt of violence in drinking situations, which places them and their children at extremely high risk for physical and sexual abuse. In urban environments, many Native American women find themselves in adult relationships that mirror the abuse they experienced and witnessed as children or adolescents. Not only does violence often occur while substances are being used, but conversely, substance use is a frequent consequence of sexual abuse. Clearly, the mental health repercussions of physical or sexual abuse are often severe. Trauma is associated not only with psychological distress, but also with risky behavior and social role impairment. Traumatized women engaging in substance abuse and unsafe sex are at high risk for contracting HIV/AIDS. This article explores the intersection of substance abuse, sexual and physical abuse, and increased HIV risk among urban Native American women in the San Francisco Bay Area. PMID:16295010

Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

2005-09-01

12

Addressing substance abuse and violence in substance use disorder treatment and batterer intervention programs  

PubMed Central

Background Substance use disorders and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) are interrelated, major public health problems. Methods We surveyed directors of a sample of substance use disorder treatment programs (SUDPs; N=241) and batterer intervention programs (BIPs; N=235) in California (70% response rate) to examine the extent to which SUDPs address IPV, and BIPs address substance abuse. Results Generally, SUDPs were not addressing co-occurring IPV perpetration in a formal and comprehensive way. Few had a policy requiring assessment of potential clients, or monitoring of admitted clients, for violence perpetration; almost one-quarter did not admit potential clients who had perpetrated IPV, and only 20% had a component or track to address violence. About one-third suspended or terminated clients engaging in violence. The most common barriers to SUDPs providing IPV services were that violence prevention was not part of the program’s mission, staff lacked training in violence, and the lack of reimbursement mechanisms for such services. In contrast, BIPs tended to address substance abuse in a more formal and comprehensive way; e.g., one-half had a policy requiring potential clients to be assessed, two-thirds required monitoring of substance abuse among admitted clients, and almost one-half had a component or track to address substance abuse. SUDPs had clients with fewer resources (marriage, employment, income, housing), and more severe problems (both alcohol and drug use disorders, dual substance use and other mental health disorders, HIV + status). We found little evidence that services are centralized for individuals with both substance abuse and violence problems, even though most SUDP and BIP directors agreed that help for both problems should be obtained simultaneously in separate programs. Conclusions SUDPs may have difficulty addressing violence because they have a clientele with relatively few resources and more complex psychological and medical needs. However, policy change can modify barriers to treatment integration and service linkage, such as reimbursement restrictions and lack of staff training.

2012-01-01

13

Elder Abuse and Substance Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... for drug use or trafficking. The research on domestic violence shows that abusive partners are more likely to ... influence of drugs or alcohol. The relationship between domestic violence and substance abuse, however, is not fully understood. ...

14

Violence against Native women in substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

Many mental health problems among substance abusing populations are directly linked to high rates of abuse and trauma. There is increasing evidence of associations between childhood physical and sexual abuse to adult substance use and HIV-risk behavior. The relationship of abuse, mental health problems, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual behavior has rarely been studied in the female Native American population. Significant relationships were found among childhood abuse, trauma, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual behavior among urban Native women. PMID:17602396

Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

2006-01-01

15

Correlates of Expressed and Received Violence Across Relationship Types Among Men and Women Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined expressed and received violence among men and women in substance abuse treatment. Rates of past-year partner violence (PV) did not differ by gender, although men reported markedly higher rates of nonpartner violence (NPV). Compared with PV, NPV was associated with more demographic and background factors (e.g., childhood aggression and conduct problems, family history of violence). The most

Stephen T. Chermack; Maureen A. Walton; Bret E. Fuller; Frederic C. Blow

2001-01-01

16

Prevalence of family violence in clients entering substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated 105 clients who were assessed for substance-related problems and a history of domestic violence. A brief survey on family violence examined whether clients were adult victims, childhood victims, and\\/or perpetrators of physical violence. Results indicated that 37% of the sample reported that they experienced a family history of physical violence. A total of 22% reported being

Caroline J. Easton; Suzanne Swan; Rajita Sinha

2000-01-01

17

Maternal substance abuse and children's exposure to violence.  

PubMed

This article focuses on exposure to violence and violence-related activities (i.e., crime and drug use) in 70 children whose mothers are addicted to alcohol or other drugs and explores maternal characteristics associated with violence exposure. Results suggest that exposure to violence is relatively common for these children, with many exposed to repeated violence in both the home and community. Findings also suggest higher levels of exposure to violence among children whose mothers reported fewer symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and held beliefs and attitudes about child rearing that have been associated with abusive and neglectful parenting. Levels of violence exposure were also higher when mothers reported more severe drug use in the recent past. These findings point to the need for assessment and treatment for children whose mothers abuse alcohol and other drugs. PMID:19782894

Conners-Burrow, Nicola A; Johnson, Betsy; Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne

2008-09-09

18

Predictors of expressed partner and non-partner violence among patients in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined reports of expressed partner and non-partner violence among men (n=126) and women (n=126) in the 12 months prior to substance abuse treatment. Rates of violence were 57% for partner, 53% for non-partner, and 75% collapsing across partner and non-partner relationships. Factors associated with partner and non-partner violence severity differed substantially. Partner violence was predicted by age, marital

Stephen T. Chermack; Bret E. Fuller; Frederic C. Blow

2000-01-01

19

Violence among individuals in substance abuse treatment: the role of alcohol and cocaine consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined factors associated with expressed violence in the 90 days prior to substance abuse (SA) treatment among 125 men and 125 women recently enrolled in treatment. Approximately 85% of the sample reported a significant conflict situation, and over 32% reported an incident of physical violence. Both general alcohol and cocaine use patterns (on days not involving significant interpersonal

Stephen T Chermack; Frederic C Blow

2002-01-01

20

Women in a Prenatal Care\\/Substance Abuse Treatment Program: Links Between Domestic Violence and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study examines the prevalence of violence experienced by patients enrolled in the Step by Step program, a combined prenatal care\\/substance abuse treatment program at the Wake County Health Department in North Carolina. In addition, potential associations between violence and sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and mental health are investigated. Method: All prenatal care\\/substance abuse treatment patients who met study

Sandra L. Martin; Brian Kilgallen; Deborah L. Dee; Spring Dawson; Jacquelyn Campbell

1998-01-01

21

Violence exposure as a predictor of internalizing and externalizing problems among children of substance abusers.  

PubMed

We explore the associations between exposure to conflict and crime in the home and community, and child anxiety and self-control problems among 60 children whose mothers were in treatment for substance abuse problems. Experiences with violence and crime were widespread, with many children exposed to multiple incidents. Approximately one-third (35.5%) of children exhibited clinically elevated anxiety. Controlling for other potential predictors, both children's exposure to violence and the number of years the mother had been using substances predicted higher anxiety in children, while only exposure to violence predicted problems in self-control. Results highlight the importance of screening for violence exposure. PMID:23261353

Conners-Burrow, Nicola; McKelvey, Lorraine; Kyzer, Angela; Swindle, Taren; Cheerla, Rajalakshmi; Kraleti, Shashank

2012-12-20

22

A Syndemic Model of Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence, HIV Infection, and Mental Health Among Hispanics  

PubMed Central

Hispanics are disproportionately affected by substance abuse, HIV infection, intimate partner violence, and mental health conditions. To address health disparities among Hispanics and other vulnerable groups, it is necessary to understand the complex interactions between health conditions clustering together (e.g., substance abuse, intimate partner violence, and HIV) and the social ecology in which these conditions exist. A syndemic orientation, a consideration of clustering epidemics and common individual, relationship, cultural, and socioenvironmental factors linking these conditions, may be helpful in developing comprehensive models that expand our ability to understand and address health disparities. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a Syndemic Model of Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence, HIV Infection, and Mental Health among Hispanics, and provide evidence from the research literature to support the central relationships and risk and protective factors (i.e., potential links between conditions) depicted by the model. The development and evaluation of interventions aimed at the prevention of substance abuse, intimate partner violence, HIV/AIDS, and mental health problems as a syndemic affecting Hispanics is urgently needed. Public health nurses can initiate this endeavor with the guidance of a Syndemic Model.

Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa M; Florom-Smith, Aubrey L.; Thomas, Tainayah

2011-01-01

23

Violência doméstica, abuso de álcool e substâncias psicoativas Domestic violence, alcohol and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence and substance abuse are common in primary care patients. Although these problems are associated with severe physical and psychological sequelae, they are often undiagnosed. This article provides an overview of the prevalence of these problems, the health-related consequences for adults, children and elderly, as well as the challenges for clinicians in screening, assessment and referral.

Monica L Zilberman; Sheila B Blume

2005-01-01

24

Domestic violence, alcohol and substance abuse Violência doméstica, abuso de álcool e substâncias psicoativas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence and substance abuse are common in primary care patients. Although these problems are associated with severe physical and psychological sequelae, they are often undiagnosed. This article provides an overview of the prevalence of these problems, the health-related consequences for adults, children and elderly, as well as the challenges for clinicians in screening, assessment and referral.

Monica L Zilberman; Sheila B Blume

2005-01-01

25

Substance Abuse, Violence, and HIV in Women: A Literature Review of the Syndemic  

PubMed Central

Abstract Women in the United States are increasingly affected by HIV/AIDS. The SAVA syndemic—synergistic epidemics of substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS—is highly prevalent among impoverished urban women and potentially associated with poor HIV outcomes. A review of the existing literature found 45 articles that examine SAVA's impact on (1) HIV-associated risk-taking behaviors, (2) mental health, (3) healthcare utilization and medication adherence, and (4) the bidirectional relationship between violence and HIV status. Overall, results confirm the profound impact of violence and victimization and how it is intertwined with poor decision making, increased risk taking and negative health consequences, particularly in the context of substance abuse. Among current findings, there remain diverse and inconsistent definitions for substance abuse, violence, mental illness, adherence, and healthcare utilization that confound interpretation of data. Future studies require standardization and operationalization of definitions for these terms. Development and adaptation of evidence-based interventions that incorporate prevention of violence and management of victimization to target this vulnerable group of women and thereby promote better health outcomes are urgently needed.

Springer, Sandra A.; Altice, Frederick L.

2011-01-01

26

The comparative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) and substance abuse treatment alone: a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Research has shown that treatments that solely addressed intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration were not very effective in reducing IPV, possibly due to neglecting individual differences between IPV perpetrators. A large proportion of IPV perpetrators is diagnosed with co-occurring substance use disorders and it has been demonstrated that successful treatment of alcohol dependence among alcohol dependent IPV perpetrators also led to less IPV. The current study investigated the relative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) to cognitive behavioral treatment addressing substance use disorders including only one session addressing partner violence (CBT-SUD+) among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV. Substance use and IPV perpetration were primary outcome measures. Method Patients who entered substance abuse treatment were screened for IPV. Patients who disclosed at least 7 acts of physical IPV in the past year (N?=?52) were randomly assigned to either I-StoP or CBT-SUD+. Patients in both conditions received 16 treatment sessions. Substance use and IPV perpetration were assessed at pretreatment, halfway treatment and posttreatment in blocks of 8 weeks. Both completers and intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses were performed. Results Patients (completers and ITT) in both conditions significantly improved regarding substance use and IPV perpetration at posttreatment compared with pretreatment. There were no differences in outcome between conditions. Completers in both conditions almost fully abstained from IPV in 8 weeks before the end of treatment. Conclusions Both I-StoP and CBT-SUD+ were effective in reducing substance use and IPV perpetration among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV and self-disclosed IPV perpetration. Since it is more cost and time-effective to implement CBT-SUD+ than I-StoP, it is suggested to treat IPV perpetrators in substance abuse treatment with CBT-SUD+. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00847873

2013-01-01

27

Depressive Symptoms, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence among Pregnant Women of Diverse Ethnicities  

PubMed Central

This study examines the relationship between self-reported depressive symptoms, substance abuse and intimate partner violence among 602 African American, Hispanic, White, Asian American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander pregnant women who are clients of the Augusta Partnership for Children, Inc., a nonprofit collaborative that works with agencies, organizations, and individuals to improve the lives of children and families in Augusta-Richmond County, Georgia. Descriptive statistics and significant relationships among selected variables using correlation and regression analyses were conducted. Findings are intended to inform strategies for community-based programs better to assist women of diverse ethnicities with addressing depression, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence during their pregnancies, with the ultimate aim of improving health and mental health outcomes for women and children.

Holden, Kisha B.; McKenzie, Robetta; Pruitt, Vikki; Aaron, Katrina; Hall, Stephanie

2012-01-01

28

Depressive Symptoms, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence among Pregnant Women of Diverse Ethnicities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between self-reported depressive symptoms, substance abuse and intimate partner violence among 602 African American, Hispanic, White, Asian American, American Indian\\/Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian\\/Pacific Islander pregnant women who are clients of the Augusta Partnership for Children, Inc., a nonprofit collaborative that works with agencies, organizations, and individuals to improve the lives of children and families in

Kisha B. Holden; Robetta McKenzie; Vikki Pruitt; Katrina Aaron; Stephanie Hall

2012-01-01

29

High school students' posttraumatic symptoms, substance abuse and involvement in violence in the aftermath of war.  

PubMed

This study examined one-year after effects of exposure to war events on adolescents' Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms (PTS) and risk behaviors (substance use and involvement in school violence). In addition, it addressed two potential vulnerability factors: at the micro level, it examined whether childhood trauma raised the vulnerability of Israeli adolescents to PTS and risk behaviors when exposed to war events. At the macro level, we explored whether ethnicity, i.e., being an Israeli Arab, is a vulnerability factor to PTS and risk behaviors. We used a representative sample of 7th to 11th grade students from the north of Israel that included 4151 students: 1800 Jewish (54.4% boys) and 2351 Arab (41.5% boys). We assessed exposure to war events and childhood traumatic events, PTS and PTSD, substance use (alcohol, cannabis, Ecstasy) and involvement in school violence. The findings revealed extensive exposure to war events among both Jewish and Arab students. A year after the war, its effects on adolescents were still manifested in PTS, and involvement in school violence and substance use. Exposure to child physical abuse was associated with higher levels of PTS symptoms, substance use and involvement in violence. Exposure to other traumatic events was also associated with greater PTS symptoms and involvement in violence but not with greater substance use. Arab students were a more vulnerable population. They reported higher PTS symptoms, more cannabis use and greater involvement in school violence than Jewish students. However, exposure to war events had similar effects on both Arab and Jewish students. We conclude that war effects include a broad range of psychological distress and risk behaviors that last long after the war ends, especially among youth who have experienced childhood trauma and high exposure to war-related stressors. PMID:22727650

Schiff, Miriam; Pat-Horenczyk, Ruth; Benbenishty, Rami; Brom, Danny; Baum, Naomi; Astor, Ron Avi

2012-06-07

30

The Safe Futures Substance Abuse and Violence Prevention Program at Chief Leschi Elementary School, 1996-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 3-year intervention project focused on preventing substance abuse, violence, gang violence, and truancy among K-12 students at the Chief Leschi School in Tacoma, Washington, a tribally controlled, urban school for high risk and adjudicated Native youth. This paper reports the elementary school results. The Positive Reinforcement in Drug…

Guilmet, George M.; Whited, David L.

31

Preliminary evaluation of a resiliency-based preschool substance abuse and violence prevention project.  

PubMed

The Resilient Children Making Healthy Choices (RCMHC) Project is an early childhood prevention initiative designed to promote health and social competence in young children by training their teachers in skills aimed at nurturing children's resilient development. Through a model program implemented in ten Head Start and other community-based preschool classrooms, teachers were trained in the use and integration of resiliency-based substance abuse/violence prevention strategies in their teaching practices. Analysis of outcome data from a pre-post comparison group design revealed increases in teacher interactional skills designed to enhance children's resiliency, and improvements in children's prosocial behaviors. PMID:9816808

Dubas, J S; Lynch, K B; Galano, J; Geller, S; Hunt, D

1998-01-01

32

The Interrelationship Between Substance Abuse and the Likelihood of Arrest, Conviction, and Re-offending in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nexus between substance abuse and intimate partner violence has been studied in depth. The interrelationship between substance\\u000a abuse, intimate partner violence, and the criminal justice system response and subsequent offending has not received as much\\u000a attention. In this article, the authors examine the impact of substance abuse on the likelihood of an officer’s decision to\\u000a make an arrest, conviction

David Hirschel; Ira W. Hutchison; Meaghan Shaw

2010-01-01

33

Paraprofessional Home Visitors' Perspectives on Addressing Poor Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Domestic Violence: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research was conducted to understand paraprofessional home visitors' perceptions of their training in addressing poor mental health, substance abuse, and domestic violence, and their actions in working with families in addressing these issues. Five focus groups were conducted with a total of 28 paraprofessional home visitors. Three main…

Tandon, S. Darius; Mercer, Constance D.; Saylor, Elizabeth L.; Duggan, Anne K.

2008-01-01

34

Promising Strategies: Results of the Fourth National Survey on Community Efforts To Reduce Substance Abuse and Gun Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More than 4,000 people responded to a survey about community efforts to reduce substance abuse and gun violence. Six major findings were identified from the responses of 1,608 people who identified themselves as leaders of community efforts in these areas. Community leaders want significant changes in long-standing public policies and a change in…

Smith, Steven Rathgeb; Dretler, Astrid K.; Rosenbloom, David L.; Paine, Kay H.; Levinson, Suzette; Hingson, Ralph; Bell, Nicole

35

Addressing substance abuse in obstetrics and gynecology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse has far-reaching and long-lasting implications not only for women, but for their children and families as well. Substance abuse disorders are related to a host of biopsychosocial problems including severe medical and obstetric complications, poverty and unemployment, relational and parenting problems, domestic violence, and child abuse. Despite the seriousness of the problem, because substance abuse has typically been

Nina D Uziel-Miller; Nehama Dresner

2002-01-01

36

Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Liddle and Dakof's (1995) comprehensive review of the status of family-based treatment for drug abuse concluded that this modality offered a "promising, but not definitive" approach to treating drug abuse among adolescents and adults. Less than a decade later, significant progress can be seen in the treatment of drug abuse problems using…

Rowe, Cynthia L.; Liddle, Howard A.

2003-01-01

37

Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Liddle and Dakof's (1995) comprehensive review of the status of family-based treatment for drug abuse concluded that this modality offered a "promising, but not definitive" approach to treating drug abuse among adolescents and adults. Less than a decade later, significant progress can be seen in the treatment of drug abuse problems using…

Rowe, Cynthia L.; Liddle, Howard A.

2003-01-01

38

Exploring Agreement on Appropriate Responses to Domestic Violence and Sexual Trauma Across Victim Advocates, Mental Health Service Providers, and Substance Abuse Treatment Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault are more at risk than the general population for substance abuse and\\/or mental health disorders (Kendler et al., 2000). Additionally, research suggests that survivors of both crimes are at risk to be “multiply diagnosed-have” a history of victimization, a mental health diagnosis, and abuse of alcohol and drugs (Steele &

Denise C. Herz; Meghan Stroshine; Kristen Houser

2007-01-01

39

Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many substances, some obtained from natural sources, are taken to alter the mental state of the user. These include amfetamines, cannabis, cocaine, Ecstasy, ethanol, lysergic acid diethylamide, mushrooms, opioid analgesics and volatile substances. Such substances can be classified according to whether their major effect is to alter perception, or to stimulate or depress the CNS, though there is some overlap

Allister Vale

2003-01-01

40

Commissioner's Annual Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, July 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Commissioner of Education's Report on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools", submitted annually to the education committees of the Senate and Assembly, provides the Legislature with data in four broad incident categories: violence, vandalism, weapons, and substance abuse. This year's report highlights…

New Jersey Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

41

Commissioner's Annual Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commissioner of Education's Report on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, submitted annually to the education committees of the Senate and Assembly, provides the Legislature with data in four broad incident categories: violence, vandalism, weapons, and substance abuse. The report also summarizes initiatives…

New Jersey Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

42

Associations between Sexual Abuse and Family Conflict/Violence, Self-Injurious Behavior, and Substance Use: The Mediating Role of Depressed Mood and Anger  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine whether depressed mood and anger mediate the effects of sexual abuse and family conflict/violence on self-injurious behavior and substance use. Methods: A cross-sectional national survey was conducted including 9,085 16-19 year old students attending all high schools in Iceland in 2004. Participants reported frequency of…

Asgeirsdottir, Bryndis Bjork; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Gudjonsson, Gisli H.; Sigurdsson, Jon Fridrik

2011-01-01

43

Exploring the Differences and Similarities Between Black\\/African and Coloured Men Regarding Violence Against Women, Substance Abuse, and HIV Risks in Cape Town, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing research often reports HIV risks, men's relationships with women, substance abuse, and violence among Black\\/African and Coloured men in Cape Town, South Africa, without making note of possible cultural distinctions. Because of apartheid, race has historically affected the social and economic circumstances of many men differently; therefore, our research aimed to explore cultural nuances as they relate to HIV

Kyla M. Sawyer-Kurian; Wendee M. Wechsberg; Winnie K. Luseno

2009-01-01

44

Substance Abuse. Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the policy statement on substance abuse from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). The policy statement section lists programs and activities supported by the NCY. A section on background includes a statement of the issue of substance abuse. Areas examined in this section include alcohol abuse and drunk driving among…

National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

45

Linking childhood and adult criminality: using a life course framework to examine childhood abuse and neglect, substance use and adult partner violence.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children's life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. PMID:24169410

Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O'Campo, Patricia

2013-10-28

46

Commission versus Receipt of Violence during Pregnancy: Associations with Substance Abuse Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The tendency for women to report both commission and receipt of violence is an understudied phenomenon. In particular, little is known about individual differences as a function of commission vs. receipt of partner violence among pregnant women. Using a sample of 78 cohabiting low-SES pregnant women, the current study examines three violence

Tzilos, Golfo K.; Grekin, Emily R.; Beatty, Jessica R.; Chase, Sara K.; Ondersma, Steven J.

2010-01-01

47

Substance Abuse and Motherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies report any information on the motherhood status of Ihe clients in substance abuse treatment, and even fewer explore the role of children on the recovery process. We report descriptive data on 49 substance abusing women, 32 of' whom were the primary caretakers of minor-aged children.

Michele J Eliason; Anne Helene Skinstad; Kathryn Gerken

1995-01-01

48

Substance Abuse and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature provides the conclusion that individuals with a disability versus those without a disability are more likely to have a substance abuse problem and less likely to get effective treatment. Data suggest 10-40% of all individuals in treatment for substance abuse have a coexisting physical or mental disability. Alcohol rates…

Sales, Amos

49

The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence, Substance Use, and HIV on Depressive Symptoms Among Abused Low-Income Urban Women.  

PubMed

Intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use, and HIV are often co-occuring health problems affecting low-income urban women, and have been described as connected epidemics making up a "syndemic." Research suggests that each issue separately is associated with depressive symptoms, but no studies have examined the combined effect of IPV, substance use and HIV on women's depression. Interviews were conducted with 96 women recruited from community health clinics serving low-income women in an urban U.S. city. All women were over 17, not pregnant, English-speaking, without private insurance and had experienced physical IPV in the past year. Women were primarily African American (82%) and 82% were receiving income assistance. Twenty seven percent were HIV-positive, and 27% had used heroin or cocaine in the past 6 months. Based on the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D ), 73% were depressed. Women who experienced severe IPV in the past 6 months were compared to women who experienced no IPV or psychological IPV only in the past 6 months; those who experienced severe IPV were 5.3 times more likely to be depressed, controlling for HIV status, drug use, age, and relationship status. Women who experienced severe IPV, were HIV-positive, and used drugs (7.3% of sample) were 7.98 times as likely to be depressed as women without these characteristics. These findings confirm that severe IPV is significantly associated with depression among urban abused women. Furthermore, this research suggests that the syndemic effect of IPV, substance use, and HIV could be even more detrimental to women's mental health. Health practitioners and researchers should be aware of the combined impact of the IPV, substance use, and HIV syndemic and consider how they can address the mental health needs of urban women. PMID:23686617

Illangasekare, Samantha L; Burke, Jessica G; McDonnell, Karen A; Gielen, Andrea C

2013-05-17

50

Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa.  

PubMed

Because men account for nearly half of the HIV cases in South Africa, it is critical to understand the contexts in which they live and the behaviors in which they engage. The purpose of this study was to describe and examine gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town. We found that recent exposure to intimate partner violence among men was associated with all forms of drug use, whereas women who were recently abused were more likely to suffer from depression and problem drinking. We also found high levels of problem drinking among both men (58%) and women (42%). Men were more likely to use drugs. Exposure to community violence increased sexual risk behaviors among men. Overall, these gender differences have important implications for alcohol and drug prevention strategies as they relate to HIV transmission risk. PMID:18312067

Wong, Frank Y; Huang, Z Jennifer; DiGangi, Julia A; Thompson, Estina E; Smith, Brian D

2008-02-01

51

Taking the wrong drugs: the role of substance abuse and medication noncompliance in violence among severely mentally ill individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing numbers of severely mentally ill individuals are being treated in nonhospital, community-based settings and public concern about potential violence by these individuals has increased, often as a result of tragic, albeit uncommon events. The present study examines potential predictors of serious violence among persons with severe mental illness (SMI), with a specific focus on the joint effect of substance

M. S. Swartz; J. W. Swanson; V. A. Hiday; R. Borum; R. Wagner; B. J. Burns

1998-01-01

52

Linkage of Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse Series, Research in Brief, Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The association between alcohol use and domestic violence has been well established by past research, and there is growing evidence that drug use is associated with domestic violence. The clearest evidence is that alcohol is a risk factor for domestic vio...

D. L. Spencer J. J. Collins

1999-01-01

53

Gun Violence: Making Connections with Suicide, Domestic Violence, and Substance Abuse. Join Together Action Kit, Spring 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Frequently, firearm fatalities occur in the context of domestic violence, suicide, or acts committed under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs. Because gun violence is related to these other social problems, it must be considered more than just a criminal justice issue. It is also a public health issue that should be addressed by domestic…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

54

Formative Evaluation of Home Visitors' Role in Addressing Poor Mental Health, Domestic Violence, and Substance Abuse Among Low-Income Pregnant and Parenting Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This research assessed home visitor effectiveness in communicating about and responding to poor mental health, domestic\\u000a violence, and substance abuse among pregnant and parenting women home visited as part of a comprehensive family support strategy\\u000a in seven urban communities. Methods: Cross-sectional studies were conducted with mothers (n = 189) actively engaged in home visitation programs and home visitors (n

S. Darius Tandon; Kathleen M. Parillo; Carrie Jenkins; Anne K. Duggan

2005-01-01

55

Substance Abuse and Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Depression, complicated by substance abuse, is a common clinical problem and is often associated with poor clinical outcomes.\\u000a Clinicians need to understand the relationship between these two conditions and must adjust their treatment plans to address\\u000a both disorders simultaneously. It is critical that the clinician not confuse a substance-induced mood disorder with an independent\\u000a depressive disorder. Unfortunately, the relationship between

John A. Renner; Jeffrey Baxter; Joji Suzuki; Domenic A. Ciraulo

56

Volatile substance abuse.  

PubMed

Volatile substance abuse (VSA) (glue sniffing, inhalant abuse, solvent abuse), the deliberate inhalation of volatile substances in order to achieve intoxication, has now been reported from most parts of the world, mainly among adolescents, individuals living in remote communities and those whose occupations give ready access to abusable substances. Solvents from contact adhesives, notably toluene, petrol (gasoline), halogenated solvents, volatile hydrocarbons such as those found in cigarette lighter refills, aerosol propellants, halocarbon fire extinguishers, and inhalational anaesthetics may be abused in this way. VSA gives rise to dose-related effects similar to those of other hypnosedatives. Small doses can rapidly lead to euphoria and other disturbances of behaviour similar to those caused by ethanol (alcohol), and may also induce delusions and hallucinations. Higher doses may produce life-threatening effects such as convulsions and coma. Death may ensue indirectly after, for example, inhalation of vomit, or from direct cardiac or central nervous system toxicity. Chronic abuse of toluene-containing products and of chlorinated solvents such as 1,1,1-trichloroethane, for example, can produce severe organ damage, especially in the liver, kidneys, and brain. Drunken behaviour, unexplained listlessness, anorexia and moodiness may result from VSA, especially in children and adolescents. The hair, breath and clothing may smell of solvent, and empty adhesive tubes or other containers, potato crisp bags, cigarette lighter refills, and aerosol spray cans are often found. Toxicological examination of blood and tissue specimens is especially important in confirming a diagnosis of sudden VSA-related death. The development and evaluation of strategies for the treatment of chronic abusers and for prevention are major challenges for the future. PMID:7866398

Flanagan, R J; Ives, R J

1994-01-01

57

Substance abuse in Iranian high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent substance abuse potentially holds a number of negative implications for the health and well-being of the individual, including increased risk for injury and death from interpersonal violence, motor vehicle accidents, and drowning, increased probability of engaging in high risk sexual behaviors; and increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviors. The aim of this paper is to estimate prevalence of

Asghar Mohammad Poorasl; Rezagholi Vahidi; Ali Fakhari; Fatemeh Rostami; Saeed Dastghiri

2007-01-01

58

Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To review evidence about mechanisms and consequences of relationships between bipolar and substance use disorders.Methods: Articles were identified using a MEDLINE search linking (1) bipolar disorder to substance use disorders, alcoholism, and specific drugs, (2) bipolar disorder and substance abuse to treatment strategies, and (3) bipolar disorder or substance abuse to behavioral sensitization, impulsivity, and suicide. We attempted to

Alan C. Swann

2005-01-01

59

Violence and Risk of PTSD, Major Depression, Substance Abuse\\/Dependence, and Comorbidity: Results From the National Survey of Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a national household probability sample of 4,023 telephone-interviewed adolescents ages 12–17, this study provides prevalence, comorbidity, and risk-factor data for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive episode (MDE), and substance abuse\\/dependence (SA\\/D). Roughly 16% of boys and 19% of girls met criteria for at least 1 diagnosis. Six-month PTSD prevalence was 3.7% for boys and 6.3% for girls, 6-month

Dean G. Kilpatrick; Kenneth J. Ruggiero; Ron Acierno; Benjamin E. Saunders; Heidi S. Resnick; Connie L. Best

2003-01-01

60

Pathways to Adolescent Substance Use among Sexually Abused Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the link between childhood sexual abuse and adolescent substance use among girls, and evaluated depressive self-concept and behavioral under-control (BUC) as pathways to substance use for sexually abused girls. Participants (n = 150) were drawn from a longitudinal study of the impact of domestic violence on the lives of women…

Bailey, Jennifer A.; McCloskey, Laura Ann

2005-01-01

61

Pathways to Adolescent Substance Use Among Sexually Abused Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the link between childhood sexual abuse and adolescent substance use among girls, and evaluated depressive self-concept and behavioral under-control (BUC) as pathways to substance use for sexually abused girls. Participants (n = 150) were drawn from a longitudinal study of the impact of domestic violence on the lives of women and children. Structural equation modeling revealed that

Jennifer A. Bailey; Laura Ann McCloskey

2005-01-01

62

Commissioner's Annual Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Commissioner's annual report provides the Legislature with information reported by school districts concerning incidents of serious student misconduct grouped into the following four major reporting categories: violence, vandalism, weapons, and substance abuse. An analysis of trends yields indications of progress and of ongoing concern, and…

New Jersey Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

63

Commissioner's Annual Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Commissioner's annual report provides the Legislature with information reported by school districts concerning incidents of serious student misconduct grouped into the following four major reporting categories: violence, vandalism, weapons, and substance abuse. An analysis of trends yields indications of progress and of ongoing concern, and…

New Jersey Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

64

New hospital-based policy for children whose parents present at the ER due to domestic violence, substance abuse and/or a suicide attempt.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a major social problem with many adverse consequences, and a substantial number of maltreated children are not identified by health care professionals. In 2010, in order to improve the identification of maltreated children in hospitals, a new hospital-based policy was developed in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. This policy was adapted from another policy that was developed in The Hague, the Netherlands, in 2007. In the new Amsterdam policy, all adults presenting at the emergency department due to domestic violence, substance abuse, and/or a suicide attempt are asked whether they have any children in their care. If this is the case, parents are urged to visit the outpatient pediatric department together with all of their children. During this visit, problems are evaluated and voluntary referrals can be arranged to different care organizations. If parents refuse to cooperate, their children are reported to the Dutch Child Abuse Counseling and Reporting Centre. The two aims of this study are to describe (1) characteristics of the identified families and (2) the referrals made to different voluntary and involuntary care organizations during the first 2 years after implementation of the policy. Data were collected from medical records. One hundred and six children from 60 households were included, of which 68 children because their mother was a victim of domestic violence. Referrals to care organizations were arranged for 99 children, of which 67 on a voluntary basis. The Amsterdam policy seems successful in arranging voluntary support for the majority of identified children. PMID:23093140

Hoytema van Konijnenburg, Eva M M; Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Tessa; Brilleslijper-Kater, Sonja N; van der Lee, Johanna H; Teeuw, Arianne H

2012-10-24

65

Treatment of Adolescent Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment of adolescent substance abuse poses difficult challenges to social work practitioners. Effective intervention requires awareness of assessment and treatment approaches and knowledge of individual, peer, and family factors that contribute to alcohol or drug use. Social work's emphasis on contextual factors in the etiology and maintenance of addictive disorders is an important contribution to substance abuse treatment. Practitioners are

Jeffrey M. Jenson; Matthew O. Howard; Joanne Yaffe

1995-01-01

66

Adolescent substance abuse and suicide.  

PubMed

Rates of adolescent suicide have increased significantly in the last five decades as have rates of adolescent substance abuse. However, the relationship between substance abuse and adolescent suicide is unclear. To better understand this relationship, a literature review that focused on the role of substance abuse in adolescent suicide was performed. The results of this review are discussed in this article. The most important risk factors for completed and attempted suicide are mental disorders (mood disorders and disruptive behavior disorders) and substance abuse [Brent, 1995: Suicide Life-Threatening Behav 25:52-63]. Furthermore, family history, social factors, and the presence of firearms in the home may contribute significantly to the risk for suicide. More research is needed in this area particularly with regard to cultural issues, substance abuse, and suicide. PMID:11747129

Rowan, A B

2001-01-01

67

Modifications to the Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (TREM) for Substance-Abusing Women with Histories of Violence: Outcomes and Lessons Learned at a Colorado Substance Abuse Treatment Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing body of literature demonstrates the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder for females seeking substance abuse treatment. Nonetheless, relatively few trauma-specific treatments have been implemented or evaluated with this population. In this quasi-experimental study (N = 170), the Trauma Recovery and…

Toussaint, Danielle W.; VanDeMark, Nancy R.; Bornemann, Angela; Graeber, Carla J.

2007-01-01

68

Substance Abuse and Hypertension.  

PubMed

Substance abuse and hypertension are an important health concern, especially in adolescent and young adults presenting with elevated blood pressure and associated cardiovascular conditions. Illicit drugs including cocaine, marijuana, amphetamines, and methylenedioxymethamphetamine remain potential sources of acute or newly diagnosed hypertension. Cocaine is a powerful vasoconstrictor clearly related to hypertensive crises, myocardial infarction, arrhythmias, sudden death, strokes, and seizures, although not a definite cause of chronic hypertension. Potential therapies for cocaine induced hypertension and vasoconstriction include nitroglycerin, alpha-blockade combined alpha-à -blockade, and calcium channel blockers. The use of à -blockers alone should be avoided because of possible paradoxical rise in blood pressure including slight increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Amphetamines and the newly abused 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine are powerful sympathetic stimulants which may mimic the action of cocaine. Ecstasy, or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, has additional severe psychiatric effects and should be considered in psychoses, panic disorders, and attempted suicide with new onset hypertension. The treatment approaches to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine toxicity needs further investigation. (c)2000 by Le Jacq Communications, Inc. PMID:11416624

Ferdinand, Keith C.

2000-01-01

69

The Syndemic Effects of Intimate Partner Violence, HIV/AIDS, and Substance Abuse on Depression among Low-Income Urban Women.  

PubMed

Intimate partner violence (IPV), HIV/AIDS, and substance use are epidemics among low-income urban women that have been described together as the "SAVA syndemic" because of their co-occurring nature. This study examines the synergistic or "syndemic" effect of these three health issues on depression among urban women and evaluates social support as a protective factor that might reduce depressive symptoms associated with the Substance Abuse, Violence, and AIDS (SAVA) syndemic. Data from 445 urban women were collected through in-person interviews. All women were over the age of 18, not pregnant, English speaking, and reported having a main partner in the past year. Twenty-five percent had experienced all three factors of the SAVA syndemic (were HIV-positive, had experienced IPV in the past year, and had used cocaine or heroin in their lifetime). HIV-positive status, hard drug use, IPV, and low levels of social support were all individually associated with greater depressive symptoms. When controlling for demographics and other SAVA factors, IPV and hard drug use in the past 30 days remained associated with depressive symptoms, as did low social support. However, social support did not modify the effect of the SAVA factors on depression. Compared to women who experienced no SAVA factors, women who had experienced all three factors were 6.77 times more likely to have depressive symptoms. These findings confirm that IPV is significantly associated with depressive symptoms and that the syndemic impact of IPV, substance use, and HIV could have even more extreme effects on depression outcomes. PMID:23529665

Illangasekare, Samantha; Burke, Jessica; Chander, Geetanjali; Gielen, Andrea

2013-10-01

70

The Angry Patient: An Intervention for Managing Anger in Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients who have problems controlling anger and aggression can pose special problems for substance abuse treatment providers. Levels of anger and violence are higher in substance abusers than in the general population. Although anger management treatments have been studied extensively, few treatments have been developed and studied with substance abusers. In this article, we evaluated an anger management treatment based

Robert M. Awalt; Patrick M. Reilly; Michael S. Shopshire

1997-01-01

71

Training Health Care and Human Services Personnel in Perinatal Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Perinatal substance abuse treatment is composed of overlapping areas: maternal and child health care, alcohol and other drug\\u000a abuse treatment, child abuse prevention, and domestic violence prevention. The field of perinatal substance abuse lies at\\u000a the intersection of the complex social, medical, and psychological needs of women who abuse substances before, during, and\\/or\\u000a after pregnancy, and the subsequent needs of

Kathleen J. Farkas

72

Substance Abuse Among the Elderly.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study's objective was to examine substance abuse among elderly residents of Bergen and Passaic counties in New Jersey. Included were senior citizens, service providers, and health care professionals. Information was obtained through personal intervie...

D. Barry

1980-01-01

73

Pregnancy and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a The fetal consequences of drug abuse during pregnancy remain underestimated. Obstetrical complications of cigarette smoking\\u000a include growth retardation, spontaneous abortion and sudden infant death syndrome; alcohol abuse leads to nutritional deficiencies\\u000a and fetal alcohol syndrome. Heroin and cocaine consumption result in medical, nutritional and social neglect; cocaine and\\u000a amphetamine cause hypertension, abruptio placentae; all three drugs of abuse cause

G. Fischer; M. Bitschnau; A. Peternell; H. Eder; A. Topitz

1999-01-01

74

Adolescent Substance Abuse and Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent substance abuse is a major public health concern. It is associated with an increased incidence of various psychiatric disorders like depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and conduct disorders and the relationship between mental and behavioral disorders and the substance use problems seems…

Dhawan, Anju; Balhara, Yatan Pal Singh; Natasha, M. Phil.

2007-01-01

75

Substance abuse in Iranian high school students.  

PubMed

Adolescent substance abuse potentially holds a number of negative implications for the health and well-being of the individual, including increased risk for injury and death from interpersonal violence, motor vehicle accidents, and drowning, increased probability of engaging in high risk sexual behaviors; and increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviors. The aim of this paper is to estimate prevalence of substance abuse among the sample of 10th grade male students in Tabriz City, and to evaluate the associated factors. Of all 10th grade male students in Tabriz, Iran, 1785(13.7%) were randomly sampled. Mean age of the subjects was 16.3+/-0.87 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, substance abuse, smoking status and friends smoking. The influence of different factors on substance abuse was evaluated with a logistic regression model. Among 1785 students 226 (12.7%, 95% CI: 11.2-14.3) had ever used alcohol and 36 (2.0%, 95% CI: 1.5-2.8) had used drugs. The results indicate that older age (OR=1.55), having general risk taking behavior (OR=1.70), higher smoking stage (OR=3.70), having self-injury (OR=1.22), higher socioeconomic class (OR=1.62), and ever use of illicit drugs (OR=5.72) were factors associated with student's ever use of alcohol. This study has shown low prevalence of substance abuse and determined some of its risk factors among students. More studies about adolescent population are necessary to approve the observed results of this study and thus allow for a certain generalization of the observations. PMID:16815638

Mohammad Poorasl, Asghar; Vahidi, Rezagholi; Fakhari, Ali; Rostami, Fatemeh; Dastghiri, Saeed

2006-07-03

76

FACTS ABOUT ANIMAL ABUSE & DOMESTIC VIOLENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

• 68% of battered women reported violence towards their animals. 87% of these incidents occurred in the presence of the women, and 75% in the presence of the children, to psychologically control and coerce them.2 • 13% of intentional animal abuse cases involve domestic violence.3 • Between 25% and 40% of battered women are unable to escape abusive situations because

77

BRIEF INTERVENTIONS IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE  

PubMed Central

Brief interventions in substance abuse refer to a group of cost-effective and time efficient strategies that aim at reduction of substance use and/or harm related to substance use. They are grounded in the scientific principles of harm reduction stage of change, motivational interviewing and feasibility of community-level delivery. This review discusses the characteristics, elements, and techniques of brief interventions for abuse of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. The available evidence for effectiveness of these strategies vis-a-vis no treatment or extended treatment is also reviewed, which clearly supports these interventions to be effective, especially for alcohol abuse but also for others It is argued that India presents a fertile ground for application of these strategies and that Indian research in this area should be a top priority.

Kumar, Suresh; Malhotra, Anil

2000-01-01

78

Methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine abuse in substance-abusing adolescents.  

PubMed

The prevalence of methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine misuse and abuse was examined in 450 adolescents referred for substance abuse treatment. Twenty three percent reported nonmedical use of these substances and six percent were diagnosed as methylphenidate or dextroamphetamine abusers. Abuse was more common in individuals who were out of school and had an eating disorder. Methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine abuse appears to be much less common than abuse of most other substances. It does occur, however, and parents and schools need to exert greater control over the dispensing of these medications. Physicians are advised to prescribe non-stimulant medications (eg, bupropion) when treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in substance-abusing individuals. PMID:15370936

Williams, Robert J; Goodale, Leslie A; Shay-Fiddler, Michele A; Gloster, Susan P; Chang, Samuel Y

79

Substance abuse and the radiologic technologist.  

PubMed

Radiologic technologists, like other health care professionals, are at risk for substance abuse and addiction. Substance abuse can have grave consequences for technologists, their patients, and their employers, and all technologists should be alert to the problem and prepared to address it. This article defines substance use terminology, identifies commonly abused substances and their effects, describes risk factors for substance abuse, and discusses possible signs of impairment. Radiologic technologists are reminded of their ethical responsibilities regarding substance use, and substance abuse treatment and prevention are addressed. PMID:24029884

Faguy, Kathryn

80

Drug and Substance Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... people develop new problems with alcohol. Men are much more likely to be problem drinkers compared to women. Alcohol abuse tends to be higher in retirement communities and hospital populations compared to older people who live at home. Updated: March 2012 Posted: March 2012

81

Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes for Adolescents With Violent Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether substance-abusing adolescents with co-occurring violent behaviors showed reduction in these behaviors after exposure to outpatient drug treatment. Using a longitudinal research design, adolescents were classified based on 3 levels of the violence reported at intake and were assessed at 3 and 6 months following intake. The high-violence group showed significant reductions

Bushra Sabri; Julie K. Williams; Douglas C. Smith; Mijin Jang; James A. Hall

2010-01-01

82

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of substance use disorders is essential for health care providers treating pregnant women. Early intervention is\\u000a vital to improve the health and welfare of both the mother and child. This chapter provides an overview of the consequences\\u000a and treatments of maternal substance use disorders during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Effective techniques for assessment\\u000a and intervention are reviewed, as well as

Karen A. Miotto; Elizabeth Suti; Monique M. Hernandez; Phivan L. Pham

83

Bipolar disorder and substance abuse.  

PubMed

Substance use disorders are overrepresented in individuals with bipolar and bipolar spectrum disorders. Although awareness of this phenomenon has increased over the past 20 years, few empirically based treatment strategies have been developed for this challenging patient population. This review examines the relationship between bipolar and substance use disorders and treatment options that have been studied in this patient population. First, we examine the high prevalence rates of substance use disorders in individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the common problems associated with establishing a bipolar disorder diagnosis in individuals who abuse substances, the possible explanations for the frequent coexistence of bipolar and substance use disorders, and the negative effect of substance abuse on the course of and treatment outcomes for bipolar disorder. The review then focuses on treatment approaches for this patient population, including integrated group therapy for co-occurring bipolar and substance use disorders and pharmacotherapies that target both disorders. Finally, we present suggestions for medications that might be tested for their efficacy in treating both disorders in specific subgroups of patients with bipolar and substance use disorders. PMID:15556118

Levin, Frances R; Hennessy, Grace

2004-11-15

84

Gender differences in adolescent substance abuse.  

PubMed

Gender differences in the epidemiology, comorbidities, and treatment responses of substance abuse have been described in adults. However, a growing body of data suggests that gender differences also exist in adolescents with substance abuse. Unfortunately, research is still limited in this age group. This article reviews gender differences in the diagnosis, presentation, course of illness, and treatment response of substance abuse in adults and adolescents. Adolescent substance abuse treatments that take into account these gender differences are also discussed. PMID:19302765

Kloos, Angelica; Weller, Ronald A; Chan, Rebecca; Weller, Elizabeth B

2009-04-01

85

Substance Abuse by Anesthesiology Residents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The analysis of 183 responses to a survey of former anesthesiology residents of the Medical College of Wisconsin found that 29 had been self-administered problematic substance abusers during their residencies, 23 had been alcohol dependent, and 6 had been drug dependent. More than 85 percent of respondents considered the drug policy information…

Lutsky, Irving; And Others

1991-01-01

86

Welfare Reform and Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) changed the nature, purpose, and financing of public aid. Researchers, administrators, and policymakers expressed special concern about the act's impact on low-income mothers with substance use disorders. Before PRWORA's passage, however, little was known about the true prevalence of these disorders among welfare recipients or about the likely effectiveness of substance abuse treatment interventions for welfare recipients. Subsequent research documented that substance abuse disorders are less widespread among welfare recipients than was originally thought and are less common than other serious barriers to self-sufficiency. This research also showed significant administrative barriers to the screening, assessment, and referral of drug-dependent welfare recipients. This article summarizes current research findings and examines implications for welfare reform reauthorization.

Metsch, Lisa R; Pollack, Harold A

2005-01-01

87

Breastfeeding and substance abuse.  

PubMed

Breastfeeding is the recommended feeding method for infants. The decision to allow women to breastfeed while consuming alcohol and other drugs postpartum presents a problem for the health care provider. This article discusses the biochemical properties of various drugs as they relate to breastfeeding. Women in a methadone treatment program should be allowed to breast feed; however, more research is needed to determine the efficacy of breastfeeding when women are receiving buprenorphine. Breastfeeding should not be recommended in women who abuse heroin recreationally until more information is known about the actual amount of morphine present in the breast milk. PMID:23337847

D'Apolito, Karen

2013-03-01

88

[Substance abuse in recreational exercise].  

PubMed

Substance abuse has become increasingly widespread among athletes at sub competitive and recreational level, due in part to the lack of controls in form of doping tests. Hypertension and the many other side effects related to the illicit use of prescription drugs pose a substantial but often underestimated threat to public health. The symptoms are recognized late and are then mostly repressed or misjudged. Since the abuse is concealed to the doctor when help is finally sought, it results in extensive and expensive tests that can seldom lead to an effective treatment. Two case reports are presented to elaborate on this issue. PMID:20221969

Bernardin, J; Kohler, B

2010-03-10

89

Concurrent Treatment of Substance Abuse, Child Neglect, Bipolar Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Domestic Violence: A Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

High rates of co-occurrence between substance abuse and child neglect have been well-documented and especially difficult to treat. As a first step in developing a comprehensive evidence-based treatment for use in this population, the present case examination underscores Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) in the treatment of a mother who evidenced Substance Dependence, child neglect, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar I Disorder,

Brad C. Donohue; Valerie Romero; Karen Herdzik; Holly Lapota; Ruwida Abdel Al; Daniel N. Allen; Nathan H. Azrin; Vincent B. Van Hasselt

2010-01-01

90

Substance abuse and psychosis.  

PubMed

This article reviews the literature for the most pressing diagnostic and treatment challenges faced in working with adolescents. Diagnosing the treatment interventions required for this population involve psychoeducation, engagement of the patient and family in the treatment process, and use of antipsychotic medications. Cannabis may be a causal risk factor in psychotic illness, and data support recommendations to reduce or cease cannabis use in this population. Treatment strategies are discussed that are effective in adult patients and that may be efficacious for youth to abstain from substances after the resolution of psychotic symptoms. PMID:24012078

Goerke, Danielle; Kumra, Sanjiv

2013-10-01

91

Children of Mothers with Histories of Substance Abuse, Mental Illness, and Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children exposed to parental substance abuse, mental illness, and violence face profound challenges, including increased risk for emotional and behavioral problems, substance abuse, and victimization. In this article, we describe the characteristics of a sample of children of women entering treatment. These children had been exposed to domestic…

VanDeMark, Nancy R.; Russell, Lisa A.; O'Keefe, Maura; Finkelstein, Norma; Noether, Chanson D.; Gampel, Joanne C.

2005-01-01

92

Juvenile Offender Comprehensive Reentry Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature provides ample evidence of the relationship of substance abuse to crime. Research over the last 20 years has established a strong correlation between substance abuse and juvenile delinquency (held, 1998). Currently, there are more than 350,000 juveniles on probation and in continuing care programs in the U.S. who have substance

Watson, Donnie W.

2004-01-01

93

Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Substance abuse and addiction are complex phenomena that defy simple explanation or description. A tangled interaction of factors contributes to an individual's experimentation with, use, and perhaps subsequent abuse of drugs. Regardless of the mix of con...

1993-01-01

94

Central Midlands Regional Substance Abuse Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document presents a comprehensive and systematic examination of drug and alcohol abuse in a four-county area of central South Carolina. Resources, objectives, and recommendations are discussed. Two surveys measure the scope of substance abuse. A house...

1974-01-01

95

Relative contributions of parent substance use and childhood maltreatment to chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems among homeless women: mediating roles of self-esteem and abuse in adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study, using latent variable methodology, explores simultaneously the relative effects of childhood abuse and early parental substance abuse on later chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems in a sample of homeless women. We also examine whether self-esteem and recent violence can serve as mediators between the childhood predictors and the dysfunctional outcomes.Method: The sample consists of 581

Judith A Stein; Michelle Burden Leslie; Adeline Nyamathi

2002-01-01

96

Substance abuse prevention: A developmental skills approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A school-based substance abuse prevention program is presented. This model focuses on the use of group work and enhancing individual developmental skills as useful prevention techniques.SUMMARYThe curriculum was developed to decrease substance use\\/abuse behavior of young people. This program has been expanded to include parent groups as a complement to the school programming. In addition to providing accurate substance use\\/abuse

Ruth Smasal Adix; Terry Kelly; David Rosenthal

1984-01-01

97

Substance abuse in the refining industry  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide some background for the NPRA Annual Meeting Management Session panel discussion on Substance Abuse in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, NPRA distributed a questionnaire to member companies requesting information regarding the status of their individual substance abuse policies. The questionnaire was designed to identify general trends in the industry. The aggregate responses to the survey are summarized in this paper, as background for the Substance Abuse panel discussions.

Little, A. Jr. (Sun Refining and Marketing Co., Philadelphia, PA (US)); Ross, J.K. (Ashalnd Petroleum Co., Ashland, KY (US)); Lavorerio, R. (Chevron U.S.A. Inc., Richmond, CA (US)); Richards, T.A. (Total Petroleum, Inc., Denver, CO (US))

1989-01-01

98

Exposure to violence among substance-dependent pregnant women and their children  

PubMed Central

This study examined the prevalence of exposure to violence among drug-dependent pregnant women attending a multidisciplinary perinatal substance abuse treatment program. Participants (N = 715) completed the Violence Exposure Questionnaire within 7 days after their admission to the program. Their rates of lifetime abuse ranged from 72.7% for physical abuse to 71.3% for emotional abuse to 44.5% for sexual abuse. Their rates of abuse remained high during their current pregnancy, ranging from 40.9% for emotional abuse to 20.0% for physical abuse to 7.1% for sexual abuse. Nearly one third of the women reported having physical fights with their current partner (lifetime), and 25% of these women reported that children were present during those physical fights. A total of 30% of the women perceived a need for counseling regarding exposure to violence for themselves and 15% perceived a need for counseling for their children. Study findings confirm previous reports of high rates of abuse and violence exposure among substance-abusing pregnant women and their strong need for counseling for psychosocial sequelae. This study affirmed the value of routine screening for violence exposure in this at-risk population as well as the need to train therapists in specific strategies for helping such women address this complex array of problems.

Velez, Martha L.; Montoya, Ivan D.; Jansson, Lauren M.; Walters, Vickie; Svikis, Dace; Jones, Hendree E.; Chilcoat, Howard; Campbell, Jacquelyn

2008-01-01

99

Substance-abusing women: false stereotypes and real needs.  

PubMed

Substance-abusing women are a diverse group, but some of them are among the most disadvantaged individuals in the United States. This article reviews and interprets some recent literature on substance abuse problems and treatments among women. Contrary to popular stereotypes, alcohol and drug abuse among women occurs at similar rates among poor and nonpoor people and among white people and people of color. Major risk factors include childhood sexual or physical abuse, adult victimization by domestic violence, and a spouse or partner who abuses substances. Standard treatment programs are based on male processes of recovery, and there are enormous problems of access to treatment for women with minor children. Although most studies have found that white women and women of color use substances during pregnancy at similar rates, women of color are disproportionately tested for drug use and receive more child protective services interventions. The findings discussed in this article indicate that prevention of substance abuse-related problems among women requires more than just education. PMID:8629044

Goldberg, M E

1995-11-01

100

Weapon carrying and substance abuse among college students.  

PubMed

Results from administering the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey on 61 US campuses during the 1994/95 academic year were analyzed to assess weapon carrying among college students. Seven percent of the 26,225 students (11.1% of the men and 4.3% of the women) responded that they had carried weapons (gun, knife, etc) during the last 30 days. A comparison with a matched sample of nonweapon carriers revealed that a greater percentage of the armed than the unarmed students had experienced harassment, violence, and threats of violence, and that they felt less safe on their campuses. The weapon-carrying men consumed significantly more alcohol than their unarmed counterparts, and a higher percentage reported binge drinking, use of other drugs, and adverse consequences from substance abuse. Differences between armed and unarmed female students were not as clearly consistent in terms of substance abuse and consequences. PMID:9248236

Presley, C A; Meilman, P W; Cashin, J R

1997-07-01

101

Latino\\/a Culture and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides descriptions of issues related to Latino\\/as, alcoholism, and substance abuse. A review of the available literature is provided, including preliminary data analyses by the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcoholism and Related Conditions conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and from the National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse. There is some evidence that

Melba J. T. Vasquez

2009-01-01

102

Substance Misuse and Abuse Among the Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews h e literature on the misuse and abuse of ~svchoactive substances amone the elderlv. Three main patterns oi abuse characteristic of this a& group are-identified and analyzed: abuse of medications. of alcohol, and of illegal druns. The articie refers to issues such as: the extent (prevalence i i d inchence) of the problem among the elderly, the

Zipora Barnea; Meir Teichman

1994-01-01

103

Substance Abuse and the American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide introduces concerns and problems resulting from the use and abuse of alcohol and drugs among American Indian youth and addresses intergenerational substance abuse effects. Alcohol abuse among American Indians and Alaska Natives is the most visible effect of their cultural disruption and disorganization. Alcoholism among Native…

Bill, Willard E.

104

Treatment Services for Adolescent Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent substance abuse has been a public health concern for decades, but the scientific knowledge base on the services engaged to treat this problem is comparatively new. This nascent knowledge base is poised to expand exponentially, as researchers and treatment providers struggle to meet a rising demand for evidence-based treatment services. Until recently, research on adolescent substance abuse consisted primarily

Beverly Pringle; Jerry Flanzer

105

Substance Abuse and Counseling: An Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with substance abuse problems present a critical problem in the United States. Outside the social and economic losses presented by these problems, personal devastation is severe and usually ongoing. Many individuals with substance abuse problems are unable to, or do not, access treatment, and for those who do, treatment success rates…

Sales, Amos

106

Teaching Resiliency Theory to Substance Abuse Counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resiliency is the ability to cope in the face of adversity. One protective factor that promotes resiliency in substance-abusing dysfunctional families is family rituals and traditions. Social workers and substance abuse counselors can teach family members how to instill resiliency in their families and themselves through rituals and traditions. To work with their clients to promote resiliency, clinicians need to

Kelly Ward

2004-01-01

107

Directions in Substance Abuse Counseling, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume of six lessons provides expert information on a variety of issues in substance abuse counseling. The lessons, which may be applied toward continuing education credits, are: (1) "Ethics in Substance Abuse Rehabilitation" (Robert L. Hewes); (2) "Addressing the Needs of Clients with Traumatic Injury and Alcoholism" (Charles H.…

Cohen, Adam W., Ed.

2000-01-01

108

Teaching Resiliency Theory to Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resiliency is the ability to cope in the face of adversity. One protective factor that promotes resiliency in substance-abusing dysfunctional families is family rituals and traditions. Social workers and substance abuse counselors can teach family members how to instill resiliency in their families and themselves through rituals and traditions. To…

Ward, Kelly

2003-01-01

109

Teaching Resiliency Theory to Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Resiliency is the ability to cope in the face of adversity. One protective factor that promotes resiliency in substance-abusing dysfunctional families is family rituals and traditions. Social workers and substance abuse counselors can teach family members how to instill resiliency in their families and themselves through rituals and traditions.…

Ward, Kelly

2003-01-01

110

Harm Reduction in MSW Substance Abuse Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional social work largely has endorsed the empirically supported paradigm of harm reduction in relation to substance abuse issues. Despite literature detailing similarities between social work and harm reduction, little is known about its presence in MSW substance abuse coursework. A purposive sample of 133 social work faculty from…

Eversman, Michael H.

2012-01-01

111

Juvenile Drug Courts and Teen Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Juvenile justice officials across the United States are embracing a new method of dealing with adolescent substance abuse. Importing a popular innovation from adult courts, state and local governments have started hundreds of specialized drug courts to provide judicial supervision and coordinate substance abuse treatment for drug-involved…

Butts, Jeffrey A., Ed.; Roman, John, Ed.

2004-01-01

112

Human Services Study. Report on Substance Abuse.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Substance abuse is examined as one component of the countywide human service planning program of the Johnson County Regional Planning Commission in Iowa. The report on substance abuse is one in a series of eight reports describing the program. The overall...

1977-01-01

113

An Integral Approach to Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a pressing need in the substance abuse field for more comprehensive models of etiology and treatment that address the complex issues of addiction, including the biological, social, cultural, spiritual and developmental needs of individuals and groups. This article presents a theoretical framework for an integral approach to substance abuse that expands on the existing biopsychosocial model. One contribution

Diana S. Amodia; Carol Cano; Michele J. Eliason

2005-01-01

114

Motivation and Community Prevention of Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of motivation, although integral to most behavioral health initiatives, is rarely addressed directly in the public health literature dealing with communitywide efforts to prevent substance abuse. After reviewing the development of community mobilization as it is applied in disease prevention, we compare the principles used in a motivationally based brief treatment of substance-abusing individuals with the ideas and

Philip A. May; Joseph H. Miller; Nina Wallerstein

1993-01-01

115

Perceptions of Elders' Substance Abuse and Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Human service students' (social work, criminal justice, public administration, psychology) were surveyed (N = 242). Their perceptions about older persons' resilience and recovery from substance abuse were investigated. Overall, respondents did not agree that treating older persons for a substance abuse problem was wasteful of resources or older…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

2009-01-01

116

Clinical Variations of Adolescent Substance Abuse:  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to establish and validate a multidimensional empirically based typology of clinically referred adolescent substance abusers. A total of 141 adolescent substance abusers, most of whom were male, African-American, and juvenile justice involved, comprised the study sample. Youth and their parents completed comprehensive…

Rowe, Cynthia, PhD

2004-01-01

117

Substance abuse among street children in Mumbai  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent street boys are a highly mobile population and difficult to reach. They are recognized to be vulnerable to substance, physical and sexual abuse. Our objective was to conduct a study among adolescent street boys of Mumbai City to assess substance, physical and sexual abuse and the factors associated with them. Most of the studies on adolescent street boys were

Abhay M. Gaidhane; Quazi Syed Zahiruddin; Lalit Waghmare; Sunita Shanbhag; Sanjay Zodpey; Sudhakar R. Joharapurkar

2008-01-01

118

Analysis of Substance Abuse in Male Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Substance abuse in adolescents may also be a marker to other harmful life styles. This study aims to find out the prevalence, pattern and sociodemographic risk factors of substance abuse in male adolescents. Methods: This study examined 390 male school children aged 10-19 years in the rural and urban areas of district Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. Data was analyzed

Anees Ahmad; Najam Khalique; Zulfia Khan

2009-01-01

119

PTSD Substance abuse comorbidity and treatment utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigates the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of treatment-seeking substance abusers and examines the relationship between PTSD comorbidity and rates of inpatient substance abuse treatment. Eightyfour patients (48 male and 36 female) admitted for detoxification at a private hospital were administered self-report measures of lifetime stressor events, PTSD symptomatology, and prior treatment history.

Pamela J. Brown; Patricia R. Recupero; Robert Stout

1995-01-01

120

Effective Services for Homeless Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A heterogeneous and representative sample of 323 homeless individuals in the metropolitan-Denver area with alcohol or other substance abuse problems received a comprehensive array of substance-abuse treatment services. Following treatment, these individuals showed dramatic improvement on average in their (a) levels of alcohol and drug use, (b) housing status, (c) physical and mental health, (d) employment, and (e) quality of

G. Nicholas Braucht; Charles S Reichardt; Lisa J. Geissler; Carol A. Bormann; Carol F. Kwiatkowski; Michael W. Kirby Jr

1996-01-01

121

Substance abuse precedes Internet addiction.  

PubMed

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate possible overlapping substance abuse and internet addiction in a large, uniformly sampled population, ranging in age from 13 to 18 years. Participants (N=73,238) in the current study were drawn from the 6th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS-V) for students from 400 middle schools and 400 high schools in 16 cities within South Korea. Of adolescent internet users, 85.2% were general users (GU), 11.9% were users with potential risk for internet addiction (PR), and 3.0% were users with high risk for internet addiction (HR). There was a difference in the number of students with alcohol drinking among the GU, PR, and HR groups (20.8% vs 23.1% vs 27.4%). There was a difference in the number of students who smoked among the GS, PR, and HR groups (11.7% vs 13.5% vs 20.4%). There was a difference in the number of students with drug use among the GU, PR, and HR groups (1.7% vs 2.0% vs 6.5%). After adjusting for sex, age, stress, depressed mood, and suicidal ideation, smoking may predict a high risk for internet addiction (OR=1.203, p=0.004). In addition, drug use may predict a high risk for internet addiction (OR=2.591, p<0.001). Because students with a high risk for internet addiction have vulnerability for addictive behaviors, co-morbid substance abuse should be evaluated and, if found, treated in adolescents with internet addiction. PMID:23384457

Lee, Young Sik; Han, Doug Hyun; Kim, Sun Mi; Renshaw, Perry F

2013-01-16

122

Treatment of substance-abusing jail inmates Examination of gender differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Females incarcerated for drug-related offenses represent one of the fastest growing populations within jails and prisons. The few studies of female offenders with substance abuse disorders depict a population with multiple psychosocial problems and treatment needs, and one that is characterized by frequent exposure to sexual abuse and other violence. The current study examined intake assessment results from a sample

Roger H. Peters; Anne L. Strozier; Mary R. Murrin; William D. Kearns

1997-01-01

123

Children of substance abusers: Observations and their mothers' reports of childrearing practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widespread use of drugs includes women who are mothers and of childbearing age. A review of the literature shows that women who are substance abusers suffer from depression, low self-esteem, have poor health and nutrition, and histories of family violence and abuse.^ During pregnancy, addictive women often lack prenatal care. In utero exposure to drugs is associated with multiple

Sarai Ramona Padilla-Rafalsky

1993-01-01

124

Substance abuse in an Irish antenatal population.  

PubMed

Substance abuse is prevalent in Ireland. The potential sequelae for abuser and carer are many. In pregnancy there are further problems. We assessed the prevalence of substance abuse in our antenatal population using an anonymous questionnaire and urine toxicology screening. We examined 522 women and 18 (3.4%) had positive urine toxicology. The anonymous questionnaire failed to identify all of these women. No typical patient profile emerged when the demographic features were studied. We believe that our study has underestimated the true prevalence of substance abuse in our antenatal population and many factors may have contributed to this. Substance abuse in pregnancy remains a difficult problem to quantify and for the future the main focus of attention must be on education and prevention. PMID:15512412

Lyons, F; Milner, M; Davey, C; Bosio, P; O'Connor, J; Dorman, A; McKenna, P

1999-11-01

125

Animal Abuse and Youth Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although legal definitions of animal abuse vary, it is a crime in every State, and many States have enacted laws establishing certain forms of cruelty to animals as felony offenses. The forms of abuse to which animals may be subjected are similar to the f...

F. R. Ascione

2001-01-01

126

Science and policy in substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (SATPP) is an open access, peer-reviewed international journal of original research and scholarship that focuses on policy issues in the treatment and prevention of substance use disorders. Separate and often disparate public systems deal with substance use problems as well as provide treatment and prevention. This journal will provide an environment for the exchange

Stephan Arndt

2006-01-01

127

Animal Abuse and Youth Violence. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The forms of abuse that animals are subjected to are similar to the forms of abuse children experience, such as physical abuse, serious neglect, and psychological abuse. This document describes psychiatric, psychological, and criminal research linking animal abuse to violence perpetrated by juveniles and adults. Particular attention is given to…

Ascione, Frank R.

128

Is screening for depression in the perinatal period enough? The co-occurrence of depression, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence in culturally diverse pregnant women.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: The perinatal period provides unique opportunities to identify and intervene with the co-occurrence of perinatal depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use problems. Psychosocial screening recommended for women seen in maternal child health settings tends to target single rather than multiple risk factors; there is limited research examining the co-occurrence of these issues especially in racially and ethnically diverse women across the perinatal period. These analyses explore the relationships of sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics in a large, diverse sample of women. Method: Women receiving perinatal services at routinely scheduled visits, including the 6-week postpartum visit, were recruited from 10 community obstetric/gynecologic clinics. Data were collected on perinatal depression, IPV, maternal substance use, and sociodemographic characteristics by bilingual, bicultural research assistants. Results: A total of 1868 women were screened, 1526 (82%) Latina, 1099 (58.8%) interviewed in Spanish; 20.4% (n=382) screened positive for depressive symptoms based on an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 10 or above, 20.9% reported harmful drinking, 4.3% reported drug use, 23% reported substance use problems, and 3.5% reported current or recent IPV. Women who were Black, Asian, Pacific Islander, or other race/ethnicity had greater odds for depressive symptoms relative to women who were Hispanic or Latino (odds ratio [OR]=1.81, p=0.005). Women reporting substance use problems (OR=2.37, p<0.0001) and IPV (OR=3.98, p<0.0001) had higher odds for depressive symptoms. Conclusion: In a predominately Latina sample, 1 in 5 mothers (20.4%) screened positive for depressive symptoms and over one third (36.7%) reported one or more psychosocial issues during the perinatal period. Screening for multiple risk factors rather than just one can help clinicians tailor interventions for the successful management of psychosocial issues. PMID:23931153

Connelly, Cynthia D; Hazen, Andrea L; Baker-Ericzén, Mary J; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah McCue

2013-08-09

129

Animal Abuse and Exposure to Interparental Violence in Italian Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abuse against animals is an indicator of children's maladjustment associated with domestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to interparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results indicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved than girls. Almost half of the whole sample has been

Anna C. Baldry

2003-01-01

130

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence among Women in Methadone Treatment: A Direct or Mediated Relationship?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women in substance use treatment report rates of childhood sexual abuse and intimate partner violence that far exceed those\\u000a reported by women in the general population. Previous research with nonrandom samples of women in substance use treatment\\u000a suggests that there is a statistically significant relationship between childhood sexual abuse and intimate partner violence;\\u000a however, little is known about the mechanisms

Malitta Engstrom; Nabila El-Bassel; Hyun Go; Louisa Gilbert

2008-01-01

131

Supervision of Substance Abuse Counselors Using the Integrated Developmental Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little has been written about the supervision of substance abuse counselors. Even less has been written about the application of supervision models in substance abuse counseling. The supervision of substance abuse counselors has been described as vague, fragmented and even nonexistent. In order to provide effective supervision of substance abuse counselors, it would be helpful for the supervisor to use

Christopher E. Anderson

2001-01-01

132

Evaluating and Improving VA Substance Abuse Patients' Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The VA has implemented a nationwide evaluation program to monitor process and outcome of care for substance abuse patients. This program focuses on the changing characteristics of VA substance abuse patients and treatment services and involves outcome-based evaluations of major VA substance abuse treatment modalities. Initial findings show that VA substance abuse patients, including patients with concomitant psychiatric disorders, improve

Rudolf H. Moos; Keith Humphreys; Paige Crosby Ouimette; John Finney

1999-01-01

133

Skeptical Attunement: Modifying Psychodynamic Technique for Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite enormous advances in the field brought on by psychology's reintegration, modern substance abuse treatment fails to adequately treat substance abusers' emotional lives.Objectives: Psychodynamic technique can fill this gap by addressing the emotional discomfort and disconnection that underlies much of substance abuse.Methods: A new model of substance abuse treatment integrating psychodynamic technique with recent developments in addiction treatment (harm reduction,

Karen Frieder; Roy Futterman; Susan Silverman

2006-01-01

134

Exemplary Substance Abuse Prevention Programs, 2001. Award Ceremony.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community-based prevention efforts to curb substance abuse problems in the United States have led to significant reductions in substance use and abuse. Many of these efforts have been carried out under the leadership of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) as well as…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

135

Circadian Rhythms, Sleep, and Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

Substance abuse is linked to numerous mental and physical health problems, including disturbed sleep. The association between substance use and sleep appears to be bidirectional, in that substance use may directly cause sleep disturbances, and difficulty sleeping may be a risk factor for relapse to substance use. Growing evidence similarly links substance use to disturbances in circadian rhythms, although many gaps in knowledge persist, particularly regarding whether circadian disturbance leads to substance abuse or dependence. Given the integral role circadian rhythms play in regulating sleep, circadian mechanisms may account in part for sleep-substance abuse interactions. Furthermore, a burgeoning research base supports a role for the circadian system in regulating reward processing, indicating that circadian mechanisms may be directly linked to substance abuse independently of sleep pathways. More work in this area is needed, particularly in elucidating how sleep and circadian disturbance may contribute to initiation of, and/or relapse to, substance use. Sleep and circadian-based interventions could play a critical role in the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders.

Hasler, Brant P.; Smith, Leisha J.; Cousins, Jennifer C.; Bootzin, Richard R.

2011-01-01

136

Behavioral Analysis and Treatment of Substance Abuse.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical review papers present commonalities in the behavioral analysis and treatment of substance abuse (drugs, tobacco, ethanol, and food). Specific behavior therapeutic approaches are presented for the treatment of drug addiction, smoking, drinking, a...

N. A. Krasnegor

1979-01-01

137

Substance Abuse: Description of Proposed State Allotment Grant Formulas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides information showing the allocation of funds to states under the substance abuse prevention and substance abuse treatment programs contained in the proposed Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1986 (H.R. 5334). The allocations an...

1986-01-01

138

78 FR 61815 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...preventing youth substance abuse, we must lead by example...free from drug and alcohol abuse. I encourage parents, schools...together, we can help our children avoid the devastating consequences of substance abuse and give them the chance...

2013-10-04

139

Recognition of Alcohol and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ten percent of the population abuses drugs or alcohol, and 20 percent of patients seen by family physicians have substance-abuse problems, excluding tobacco use. These patients can be identified by relying on regular screening or a high index of suspicion based on \\

DAVID J. MERSY

2003-01-01

140

Malignant Neglect: Substance Abuse and America's Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report on drug abuse in schools is based on 6 years of analysis, focus groups, and field investigations. Prior research has determined that if young people do not engage in smoking or substance abuse by age 21, their chances of engaging later are next to nothing. It has also been determined that next to parents, schools have the greatest…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

141

Selecting a Substance Abuse Prevention Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes and evaluates six common and/or empirically validated school-based substance-abuse programs, including Here's Looking At You, 2000; Developing Understanding of Self and Others (DUSO); Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE); Growing Healthy; QUEST; and Social Decision Making--Social Problem Solving. QUEST had all 11 key program elements;…

Elias, Maurice J.; And Others

1997-01-01

142

CASAWORKS for Families: A Promising Approach to Welfare Reform and Substance-Abusing Women. A CASA White Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|CASAWORKS for Families is the first national demonstration program to provide simultaneously drug and alcohol treatment; literacy, job, parenting, and social skills training; family violence prevention; and health care to help substance-abusing welfare parents recover. Its mission is to help women on welfare with substance abuse problems achieve…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

143

Prepubertal sons of substance abusers: Influences of parental and familial substance abuse on behavioral disposition, IQ, and school achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to better understand the transgeneration liability for a substance abuse disorder, we investigated the impact of parental and familial substance abuse disorders on prepubertal boys. Specifically, the influence of each parent's substance abuse history and the effects of significant family aggregation of substance abuse disorders were tested as predictors of the child's behavioral disposition, IQ, and school achievement

Howard B. Moss; Michael Vanyukov; Partha P. Majumder; Levent Kirisci; Ralph E. Tarter

1995-01-01

144

Abuse by Siblings and Subsequent Experiences of Violence Within the Dating Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the association between abuse by siblings and subsequent experiences of dating violence, comparing this to the relationship between parental abuse and dating violence. For males, dating violence was associated with abuse by older and younger brothers and sisters. For females, dating violence was associated with abuse byolder siblings but not by younger siblings. Dating violence among

Catherine J. Simonelli; Thomas Mullis; Ann N. Elliott; Thomas W. Pierce

2002-01-01

145

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults  

MedlinePLUS

... Screening for Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Elderly and Vulnerable Adults The U.S. Preventive Services Task ... vulnerable adults? Facts About IPV and Abuse of Elderly and Vulnerable Adults IPV is common in the ...

146

Animal Abuse, Family Violence, and Child Wellbeing: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal abuse and family violence appear to be “linked” and tend to co-occur in the same households. Companion animals are\\u000a often regarded as family members, if not by the abuser, then by others within the family. Consequently, in families where\\u000a any given form of violence exists, animal abuse is also more likely to exist. This paper examines animal abuse in

Samara McPhedran

2009-01-01

147

Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

D ialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a well-established treatment for individuals with multiple and severe psychosocial dis­ orders, including those who are chronically suicidal. Because many such patients have substance use disorders (SUDs), the authors developed DBT for Substance Abusers, which incorporates concepts and modalities designed to promote abstinence and to reduce the length and adverse impact of relapses. Among

Linda A. Dimeff; Marsha M. Linehan

2008-01-01

148

Substance Abuse and Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliography, containing over 1,000 entries from the period 1968 to June, 1991, was compiled to assist in the development of a report to Congress on the impact (both maternal and fetal) of substance abuse on pregnancy. Topics include pregnancy outcome, child health issues, legal and political issues, epidemiological aspects of substance

Krulewitch, Cara J.; Herman, Allen A.

149

Problems of substance abuse: Exploitation and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of substance abuse is highly problematic. There is considerable disagreement amongst 'experts' as to the relative hazards and addictive properties of both legally and illegally available substance. There are also widely divergent sub-cultural attitudes to the harmfulness or benefit of drug use. One can assume no social consensus as to the nature of the contemporary 'drug problem', nor

Larry Ray

1985-01-01

150

Vulnerability to Substance Abuse in Eating Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two types of eating disorders, bulimia nervosa in normal-weight bulimic (NWB) women and restricting-type anorexia nervosa (RAN), may provide insights into permissive or protective factors contributing to psychoactive substance use disorders (PSUD) in humans. These two eating disorders, while often grouped together, are at opposite extremes for rate of PSUD. Substance abuse is common in NWB patients and their family

Walter H. Kaye; Lucene Wisniewski

151

Moving On: Young People and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help explain why some young people move from recreational drug use to substance abuse, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with young people who had experienced problematic substance use. The data were supplemented by statistical data on 111 young people. The researchers found a variety of "structural" factors that help explain young…

Daley, Kathryn; Chamberlain, Chris

2009-01-01

152

Preventing and Treating Substance Abuse among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Substance misuse is one of the most prevalent causes of adolescent injury and death. Additionally, 5-8% of adolescents in the U.S. qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse disorder. This article discusses formal prevention and treatment program models, focusing on a continuum of care which extends from prevention to treatment alternatives.…

Sussman, Steve

2011-01-01

153

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders (COD) are the norm rather than the exception. It is therefore critical that performance measures are developed to assess the quality of care for individuals with COD irrespective of whether they seek care in mental health systems or substance abuse systems or both. Methods: We convened an expert panel and asked them

David J Dausey; Harold A Pincus; James M Herrell

2009-01-01

154

Liver abnormalities in drug and substance abusers.  

PubMed

Drug and substance abuse remains a major medical problem. Alcohol use, abuse and dependence are highly prevalent conditions. Alcohol related liver disease can present as simple steatosis, steatohepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis. Paracetamol hepatotoxicity secondary to accidental or deliberate overdose is another common problem. While the adverse cardiovascular, neurological, renal and psychiatric consequences of various illicit substance abuses are widely studied and publicized, less attention has been directed towards possible hepatotoxic effects. Illicit drug abuse can cause a range of liver abnormalities ranging from asymptomatic derangement of liver function tests to fulminant hepatic failure. This article reviews the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, investigations, management and prognostic factors of alcohol related liver disease and paracetamol hepatotoxicity as well as the current knowledge pertaining to hepatotoxicity of the more commonly used illicit substances including cannabis, amphetamine type stimulants, cocaine, khat chewing and complementary and alternate medicine. PMID:24090944

Pateria, Puraskar; de Boer, Bastiaan; Macquillan, Gerry

2013-08-22

155

Victimization and perpetration among perinatal substance abusers.  

PubMed

This study examined associations between demographic, psychiatric, substance abuse, and childhood abuse variables and past 30-day victimization and perpetration among 77 perinatal substance abusers. Victimization rates were 70% emotional, 34% physical, 29% sexual, and 42% personal freedom violations. For perpetration, incidence was 71% emotional, 25% physical, 5% sexual, and 9% personal freedom violations. Through univariate regression, Addiction Severity Index (ASI) psychiatric and drug composite scores, childhood physical abuse, borderline personality disorder (BPD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were found to significantly predict victimization. In contrast, ASI psychiatric and drug composite scores, BPD, PTSD, and aggressive-sadistic and antisocial personality disorders were found to significantly predict perpetration. In multiple regression models, ASI drug and psychiatric composite scores accounted for the majority of the variance for both victimization and perpetration, suggesting that women with high ASI scores should be queried about their involvement in abusive acts at time of admission to drug treatment. PMID:14675508

Haller, Deborah L; Miles, Donna R

2003-07-01

156

Substance Abuse among Professionals: Limited Research on Substance-Abusing Social Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals throughout America work to reduce the number of drug abusers in our society. Drug abuse is a very familiar topic that receives a great deal of attention from the media and health care organizations. The information provided in this paper emphasizes the lack of attention that professionals receive as they struggle with substance abuse. This paper focuses on studies

LaToya Warren; Marvin D. Feit; Josh Wells

2011-01-01

157

Substance Abuse Training and Perceived Knowledge: Predictors of Perceived Preparedness to Work in Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As frontline mental health care providers, social workers need to be prepared to confront and properly manage substance abuse issues in practice. This study examined predictors of recent master of social work (MSW) graduates' perceptions of preparedness to practice in the area of substance abuse. A cross-sectional design was used, and 232 recent…

Bina, Rena; Yum, Joohee; Hall, Diane M. Harnek; Sowbel, Lynda; Mollette, Angela; Jani, Jayshree; Smith-Osborne, Alexa

2008-01-01

158

Women and Substance Abuse Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

HEALTH ISSUES: Differences exist in the prevalence and physical health impacts of problem substance use among men and women. These differences are also found in the mental health and trauma events related to substance use, barriers to treatment and harm-reduction services and the impact of substance use on pregnancy and parenting. Data from the 2000–2001 Canadian Community Health Survey and

Renée A. Cormier; Colleen Anne Dell; Nancy Poole

2004-01-01

159

14 CFR 120.223 - Alcohol misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals. 120.223...information, training, and substance abuse professionals. (a) Employer...probable alcohol misuse. (c) Substance abuse professional (SAP)...

2013-01-01

160

Therapeutic Substance Abuse Treatment for Incarcerated Women  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to explicate attributes of optimal therapeutic strategies for treating incarcerated women who have a history of substance abuse. An expansive search of electronic databases for qualitative research reports relating to substance abuse treatment for incarcerated women was conducted. Nine qualitative research reports comprised the sample for this review. Findings from these reports were extracted, placed into a data analysis matrix, coded, and categorized. Memos were written, and strategies for treating incarcerated women with alcohol problems were identified. Therapeutic effects of treatment programs for incarcerated women with substance-abuse problems appear to be enhanced when trust-based relationships are established, individualized and just care is provided, and treatment facilities are separate from the general prison environment.

Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah; Johnson, E. Diane

2011-01-01

161

Substance abuse treatment options: a federal initiative.  

PubMed

Pervasive drug enforcement efforts and new federal sentencing guidelines have led to an increase in substance abusers entering the federal prisons. Although the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) has been committed to providing substance abuse treatment since the 1960s, a comprehensive expansion of its programs was necessary so that quality services could be provided for the growing drug-offender population. This article describes the BOP's six-part drug treatment strategy, which includes screening, education, residential treatment, nonresidential treatment, transitional treatment, and evaluation. The programs entail a biopsychosocial model and a multiphasic approach to comply with the BOP's goal of preparing inmates for a successful reentry into the community, free from criminal and substance-abusing behaviors. PMID:7602433

Arcidiacono, A; Saum, C A

162

Genetic and perinatal effects of abused substances  

SciTech Connect

This book provides an overview of the effects of several abused drugs, including opiates, cannabinoids, alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, with special emphasis on the actions of these substances at the molecular and cellular levels. The first half deals with genetic effects, including molecular genetics, biochemical genetics, pharmacogenetics, cytogenetics, and genetic toxicity. The second half focuses on perinatal effects and covers: drug abuse during pregnancy; biochemical aspects of marihuana on male reproduction; and long-term behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of perinatal alcohol exposure.

Brande, M.C.; Zimmerman, A.M.

1987-01-01

163

Substance abuse in children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumption of licit and illicit substances has increased all over the world and the age of initiation of abuse is progressively\\u000a falling. The common drugs of abuse amongst children and adolescents in India are tobacco and alcohol. Use of illicit drugs\\u000a like cannabis and heroin have also been reported. A high prevalence of drug use and even intravenous use among

B. M. Tripathi; Rakesh Lal

1999-01-01

164

Substance abuse, public health and the pediatrician.  

PubMed

Substance abuse is a major public health problem affecting increasing numbers of children and adolescents. It is important to consider the various etiologic factors and the detrimental effects on individuals and social welfare. Intervention refers to early diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and resocialization, as well as prevention, education, and alternatives. Its effectiveness depends on: the recognition of the problem as biopsychosocial; a humanistic/holistic approach; and collaboration of family, school, work, etc., with the physician and the patient. Training in substance abuse will prepare the pediatrician to meets his responsibilities as clinician, school consultant, family counselor, public health worker, and community educator. PMID:6979025

Monopolis, S; Savage, C

1982-01-01

165

Bipolar disorder and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use disorders are overrepresented in individuals with bipolar and bipolar spectrum disorders. Although awareness of this phenomenon has increased over the past 20 years, few empirically based treatment strategies have been developed for this challenging patient population. This review examines the relationship between bipolar and substance use disorders and treatment options that have been studied in this patient population.

Frances R. Levin; Grace Hennessy

2004-01-01

166

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence in Families of Children Seen for Suspected Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed families of children seen in a sexual abuse evaluation clinic regarding domestic violence in the child's home and physical and sexual abuse during childhood among the mothers. Domestic violence occurred in 54% (216\\/402) of the children's homes; 28% (111\\/392) of mothers reported childhood physical abuse, and 42% (167\\/395) reported sexual abuse. There were no differences in the rates

Kathryn Bowen

2000-01-01

167

Prevention of substance abuse: a brief overview  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in psychosocial research and neurosciences have provided new avenues for prevention of substance abuse at the individual and community level. A series of risk and protective factors affecting the likelihood of using and abusing substances have been identified. The scope of prevention has been broadened, allowing the prescription of different interventions for individuals according to their varying degrees of vulnerability to substance experimentation, continuous use and dependence. An increased awareness of comorbidity between mental and substance use disorders provides an arena for prevention within psychiatry and related disciplines. Emphasis on program evaluation has helped identify cost effective programs and policies. The integration of prevention within healthy life style policies and programs, including interventions at the school, family and community levels, is more likely to produce the desired outcomes.

MEDINA-MORA, MARIA ELENA

2005-01-01

168

Family violence, abuse, and related family issues of incarcerated delinquents with alcoholic parents compared to those with nonalcoholic parents.  

PubMed

Experts in the fields of child development, psychology, and criminology agree that family system variables play a key role in the development of delinquent and other deviant behaviors. Professionals in the field of substance abuse estimate that there may be at least 22 million children who have been or are currently being raised in homes with substance-abusing parents. Many studies have documented the relationships between being raised in such an environment and a variety of emotional and deviant characteristics. These individuals have been found to suffer from low self-esteem, depression, anger, and a variety of acting-out behaviors. This study investigated the differences between incarcerated juveniles from substance-abusing families and those from non-substances-abusing families. Significant differences were found in the areas of family violence, abuse; runaway, and self-reported substance abuse. PMID:7676881

McGaha, J E; Leoni, E L

1995-01-01

169

Substance Abuse Among Elderly Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many elderly are likely to be involved in inappropriate drug and\\/or alcohol use. The probable forms of the inappropriate use are more varied than with other age populations, the elderly themselves may not be the perpetrators; and identification and differential diagnosis will often be difficult. As sparse as the data on elderly drug use, misuse and abuse are, the data

Meyer D. Glantz; Michael S. Backenheimer

1988-01-01

170

Helping Students to Understand the Link Between Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students studying addictive diseases must come to understand, among other issues, the interplay between intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance abuse. Statistics are important, but case examples elucidate for the students what to “listen” for in their meetings with clients. The purpose of this article is to provide several case examples of addiction and IPV and the connection between the

Alissa Mallow; Kelly Ward

2009-01-01

171

Brainwashing and Battering Fatigue Psychological Abuse in Domestic Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intimate partner violence occurs often in the United States; it involves an interrelated combination of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, usually directed against women. The psychological aspect deserves special attention because victims who lose their independence, self-esteem, and dig- nity tend to remain in abusive situations. The abuse is perpetrated by a domestic partner to maintain power and control in

Lesly Tamarin Mega; Jessica Lee Mega; Benjamin Tamarin Mega; Beverly Moore Harris

2000-01-01

172

Substance Abuse and Prison Recidivism: Themes from Qualitative Interviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative analysis explores the role of substance abuse in reentry from prison to society. Participants who recidivated (N = 20) in an urban prison system identified substance abuse as their primary reason for recidivism. Treatment implications are discussed.|

Phillips, Lindsay A.

2010-01-01

173

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

174

Substance Abuse Treatment Provider Views of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mandates for culturally competent substance abuse and mental health services call for behavioral health providers to recognize and engage cultural issues. These efforts to incorporate culture typically focus on client culture, but provider views of culture can also influence the provision of services. Analysis of 42 semistructured interviews with behavioral health providers suggests that culture is considered by many to

Gilbert A. Quintero; Elizabeth Lilliott; Cathleen Willging

2007-01-01

175

A Social Stress Model of Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social stress model provides a framework for detecting protective factors that may contribute to adolescents’ resiliency when confronted with compelling influences to engage in substance abuse. Parameters of the model were tested in 2 urban high school samples (N = 124) of Black (78%), White (16%), and Hispanic (6%) adolescents aged 12–14 years. Pretest and posttest measures, designed to

Jean E. Rhodes; Leonard A. Jason

1990-01-01

176

Medical marijuana users in substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The rise of authorized marijuana use in the U.S. means that many individuals are using cannabis as they concurrently engage in other forms of treatment, such as substance abuse counseling and psychotherapy. Clinical and legal decisions may be influenced by findings that suggest marijuana use during treatment serves as an obstacle to treatment success, compromises treatment integrity, or increases

Ronald Swartz

2010-01-01

177

Substance Abuse or Dependence. The NHSDA Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NHSDA asks respondents aged 12 or older to report on their use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as their symptoms of substance abuse or dependence during the past year. Any illicit drug refers to marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inha...

2002-01-01

178

HIV/AIDS Prevention -- Substance Abuse  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

English - HIV/AIDS-Substance Abuse 3 min 55 sec To Listen to the Audio or Read/Print/Save the Handout, Click on a Picture ... of the National Library of Medicine For more information on HIV/AIDS see AIDS.gov

179

Preventing Substance Abuse: An Elementary School Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is designed to be used by teachers in elementary schools with the Public Broadcasting Systems series "Moyers on Addiction: Close to Home." The series explores the science, treatment, prevention, and politics of addiction. This booklet discusses strategies for preventing substance abuse in elementary school. Also examined are ways to…

Alsup, Ben; Boundy, Donna; Brown, Jordan; Reisman, David; Rothbart, Betty

180

Substance Abuse Prevention in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a Searchlight Plus document, an informational analysis paper based on a computer search of the ERIC database from 1966 through November 1985 and on pertinent outside resources. This paper reviews, analyzes, and interprets the literature on the topic of substance abuse prevention in schools and points out the implications of the…

Lachance, Laurie L.

181

Collocation: Integrating Child Welfare and Substance Abuse Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings from a process evaluation of a pilot program to address parental substance abuse in the child welfare system. By placing substance abuse counselors in a local child welfare office, the collocation program was designed to facilitate early identification, timely referral to treatment, and improved treatment engagement of substance-abusing parents. Frontline child welfare workers in 6 of

Eunju Lee; Nina Esaki; Rose Greene

2009-01-01

182

Substance Abuse and Child Welfare: Clear Linkages and Promising Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the prevalence of substance abuse among families involved with the child welfare system and the impact of substance abuse on child welfare practice. Discusses how both the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 and welfare reform legislation intensify the need to address parental substance abuse effectively. Considers strategies for…

Semidei, Joseph; Radel, Laura Feig; Nolan, Catherine

2001-01-01

183

Abuse deterrent formulations and the Controlled Substances Act (CSA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) has reduced the diversion of controlled substances at the manufacturing and distribution levels. Recent increased diversion has occurred at the retail level. Levels of diversion and abuse of controlled substances with similar abuse potential and therapeutic indications often parallel availability for medical use, while rates of diversion and abuse may be influenced by factors related

Frank L. Sapienza

2006-01-01

184

Substance Abuse by Youth and Young Adults in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Addressing substance abuse in rural America requires extending our understanding beyond urban-rural comparisons to how substance abuse varies across rural communities of different sizes. We address this gap by examining substance abuse prevalence across 4 geographic levels, focusing on youth (age 12-17 years) and young adults (age 18-25…

Lambert, David; Gale, John A.; Hartley, David

2008-01-01

185

Workplace managed care: Collaboration for substance abuse prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the history, purpose, and overall methodology of the Workplace Managed Care (WMC) study sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP). This study was initiated to discern best practices for workplaces and managed care organizations integrating their substance abuse prevention and early intervention programs, strategies, and activities for employees

Deborah M. Galvin

2000-01-01

186

A twin study of non-alcohol substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Except for alcohol abuse, little is known about the familial aggregation for substance abuse. Here we report twin resemblance for non-alcohol substance use in the Washington University Twin Series, wherein probands were identified by consecutive admission to psychiatric facilities in the St. Louis area. A 5-point substance abuse scale was constructed with values anchored by never used drugs (1) to

Lynn M. Gynther; Gregory Careya; Irving I. Gottesmanb; George P. Vogler

1995-01-01

187

Medical marijuana users in substance abuse treatment  

PubMed Central

Background The rise of authorized marijuana use in the U.S. means that many individuals are using cannabis as they concurrently engage in other forms of treatment, such as substance abuse counseling and psychotherapy. Clinical and legal decisions may be influenced by findings that suggest marijuana use during treatment serves as an obstacle to treatment success, compromises treatment integrity, or increases the prevalence or severity of relapse. In this paper, the author reviews the relationship between authorized marijuana use and substance abuse treatment utilizing data from a preliminary pilot study that, for the first time, uses a systematic methodology to collect data examining possible effects on treatment. Methods Data from the California Outcomes Measurement System (CalOMS) were compared for medical (authorized) marijuana users and non-marijuana users who were admitted to a public substance abuse treatment program in California. Behavioral and social treatment outcomes recorded by clinical staff at discharge and reported to the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs were assessed for both groups, which included a sample of 18 reported medical marijuana users. Results While the findings described here are preliminary and very limited due to the small sample size, the study demonstrates that questions about the relationship between medical marijuana use and involvement in drug treatment can be systematically evaluated. In this small sample, cannabis use did not seem to compromise substance abuse treatment amongst the medical marijuana using group, who (based on these preliminary data) fared equal to or better than non-medical marijuana users in several important outcome categories (e.g., treatment completion, criminal justice involvement, medical concerns). Conclusions This exploratory study suggests that medical marijuana is consistent with participation in other forms of drug treatment and may not adversely affect positive treatment outcomes. These findings call for more extensive sampling in future research to allow for more rigorous research on the growing population of medical marijuana users and non-marijuana users who are engaged in substance abuse treatment.

2010-01-01

188

Schizophrenia and substance abuse: prevalence issues.  

PubMed

A review of studies of the prevalence of substance abuse among schizophrenics suggest that both demographic and environmental factors are strong determinants of the extent of substance abuse in this population as well as the type of substances used. In a mid-sized Canadian city, a sample of schizophrenic patients referred to a dual diagnoses clinic were administered the Addiction Severity Index. With age and gender included as a factor, no significant differences were found in the choice or length of use of most drugs between diagnostic groups, contrary to some other reports from large urban centres. Compared with a population of a similar age, there were fewer regular and more former drinkers among the schizophrenic patients. The choice of other substances by the sample reflected the pattern of use in the population at large. This approach to prevalence provides a more balanced perspective of the substance abuse by schizophrenics. The major targets for prevention remain the alcohol, caffeine and tobacco consumption. PMID:1473076

el-Guebaly, N; Hodgins, D C

1992-12-01

189

Occupational turnover intentions among substance abuse counselors  

PubMed Central

This study examined predictor, moderator, and mediator variables of occupational turnover intention (OcTI) among substance abuse counselors. Data were obtained via questionnaires from 929 counselors working in 225 private substance abuse treatment (SAT) programs across the U.S. Hierarchical multiple regression models were conducted to assess predictor, moderator, and mediator variables of OcTI. OcTI scores were relatively low on a 7-point scale, indicating that very few counselors definitely intended to leave the SAT field. Age, certification, positive perceptions of procedural and distributive justice, and hospital-based status negatively predicted OcTI. Counselors’ substance use disorder impacted history moderated the association between organizational commitment and OcTI. Organizational turnover intention partially mediated the link between organizational commitment and OcTI. Workforce stability might be achieved by promoting perceptions of advantages to working in a particular treatment program, organizational commitment, showing appreciation for counselors’ work, and valuing employees from diverse backgrounds.

Rothrauff, Tanja C.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Bride, Brian E.; Roman, Paul M.

2010-01-01

190

Substance Abuse and Teacher Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined on-the-job stress in relationship with need to use and frequency of use of over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription (P) drugs and alcohol (A), across five teacher samples (N=1,788). Results showed high stress frequencies were significantly related to the frequent use of OTC, P, and A substances. (Author/BH)|

Fimian, Michael J.; And Others

1985-01-01

191

Advancing Prevention Research on Child Abuse, Youth Violence, and Domestic Violence: Emerging Strategies and Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prevention research on the related problems of child abuse, youth violence, and domestic violence has grown at an accelerating pace in recent years. In this context, a set of shared methodological issues has emerged as investigators seek to advance the interpersonal violence prevention knowledge base. This article considers some of the persistent…

Guterman, Neil B.

2004-01-01

192

Violence and Substance Use Among Female Partners of Men in Treatment for Intimate-Partner Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

To improve understanding of the complex dynamics in intimate partner violence (IPV) in heterosexual relation- ships, we explored violence and substance use among the female partners of men entering treatment for both IPV and substance-related problems. All male participants (n 75) were alcohol dependent and had at least one domestic-violence arrest. Results showed that female partners were as likely as

Peggilee Wupperman; Paul Amble; Susan Devine; Howard Zonana; William Fals-Stewart; Caroline Easton

193

Animal abuse and exposure to interparental violence in Italy: assessing the cycle of Violence in youngsters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abuse against animals is an indicator of children’s maladjustment associated with\\u000adomestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to\\u000ainterparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results\\u000aindicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved\\u000athan girls. Almost half of the whole sample has been

A. C. Baldry

2003-01-01

194

Animal abuse and exposure to interparental violence in Italy: assessing the cycle of violence in youngsters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abuse against animals is an indicator of children’s maladjustment associated with\\u000adomestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to\\u000ainterparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results\\u000aindicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved\\u000athan girls. Almost half of the whole sample has been

A. C. Baldry

2004-01-01

195

Psychosocial Functioning of People with Substance Abuse and Bipolar Disorders.  

PubMed

This study assessed whether a secondary diagnosis of a substance use disorder in hospitalized people with bipolar disorder was associated with poorer outcomes on self-reported measures of mood (Profile of Mood States), subjective distress (Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale), and coping resources (Coping Resources Inventory), and with specific patient characteristics. Sixty-two patients with bipolar disorder and a secondary diagnosis of a substance use disorder and 60 patients with only a bipolar disorder diagnosis participated. Patients with bipolar disorder and a secondary diagnosis of a substance use disorder perceived significantly more impairment on all three measures than did patients without the secondary diagnosis. Moreover, the background characteristics of a history of violence, past or current involvement with the criminal justice system, and not having an antipsychotic medication prescribed during hospitalization had the strongest association with having a secondary diagnosis of a substance use disorder among the characteristics examined. These findings suggest the existence of a subgroup of patients with substance abuse and bipolar disorders who have substantial psychosocial impairment and probably require more intense treatment. PMID:12466659

Pollack, Linda E.; Cramer, Roxy D.; Varner, Roy V.

2000-09-01

196

Analytical aspects of volatile substance abuse (VSA).  

PubMed

Through a case report, the authors illustrate the volatile substance abuse (VSA) toxicological investigation difficulties mainly due to evaporation of the compounds from postmortem samples and to the lack of reference data for interpretation. A 17-year-old man, student in a chemistry institute, was found dead with a plastic bag placed over his head. Several chemical substances were found in his belongings. Autopsy findings included serious pulmonary lesions and hemorrhagic digestive ulcerations. A large screening of drugs and toxic compounds and selective analyses for several classes of drugs of abuse were carried out in the autopsy samples. In particular, a headspace (HS), -gas chromatography/-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) technique was used to screen for volatile substances and metabolites in the biological samples and for residues of volatile substances on the surface of the plastic bag and in the chemicals found on the scene. The main analytical finding was the presence of alkanes (heptane, methyl-2-pentane, methyl-3-hexane, methylcyclohexane) in the gastric content. The literature data, VSA practices, long time-delay between death and autopsy, preservation conditions of the biological samples before analysis, and in-lab experiments on evaporation of volatile substances were considered to interpret this result. The present fatality was attributed to VSA with a gasoline-based stain remover like "eau écarlate," associated with a hypoxic recreation practice using a plastic bag. PMID:12877311

Gaulier, Jean-Michel; Tonnay, Véronique; Faict, Thierry; Sayer, Hervé; Marquet, Pierre; Lachâtre, Gérard

2003-07-01

197

Adolescents' perceptions of substance abuse prevention strategies.  

PubMed

As part of a 3-year evaluation of substance abuse prevention strategies (Harding, Safer, Kavanagh, Bania, Carty, Lisnov, & Wysockey, 1996), this study examined the perceptions of 719 sixth- through ninth-grade Chicago public school students. School-based programs were rated as significantly more effective on six prevention objectives than were television ads, testimonials by famous people, billboards, and print ads displayed on public transportation. Students perceived the two school-based programs, Project DARE (a national program conducted through local police departments) and Captain Clean (an intense live theater program coordinated with student participation), as being equally effective overall, although the interactive theater program was rated as significantly better at encouraging students to talk about their feelings concerning substance abuse issues and at relating to the students' ethnic/racial backgrounds. When students were categorized according to frequency of alcohol use, nonusers, infrequent users, and frequent users differed significantly in their ratings of the school-based programs. PMID:9706317

Lisnov, L; Harding, C G; Safer, L A; Kavanagh, J

1998-01-01

198

Supervisory Turnover in Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Staff turnover is a significant issue within substance abuse treatment, with implications for service delivery and organizational health. This study examined factors associated with turnover among supervisors in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Turnover was conceptualized as being an individual response to organizational-level influences, and predictors represent aggregate program measures. Participants included 532 staff (including 467 counselors and 65 clinical/program directors) from 90 programs in four regions of the USA. Using logistic regression, analyses of structural factors indicated that programs affiliated with a parent organization and those providing more counseling hours to clients had higher turnover rates. When measures of job attitudes were included, only parent affiliation and collective appraisal of satisfaction were related to turnover. Subsequent analyses identified a trend toward increased supervisory turnover when satisfaction was low following the departure of a previous supervisor. These findings suggest that organizational-level factors can be influential in supervisory turnover.

Knight, Danica K.; Broome, Kirk M.; Edwards, Jennifer R.; Flynn, Patrick M.

2009-01-01

199

Physically Abused and Nonmaltreated Boys' Moral Judgments of Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared the moral judgment of violence, portrayed in story cards, by 20 physically abused and 20 non-maltreated 8- to 13-year-old boys. Findings showed no significant differences between the two groups. Main effects of the offender's motive and the action's consequences were found, but there were no effects for the kind of violence (physical or…

Fontaine, Roger; Salvano-Pardieu, Veronique; Crouzet, Sarah; Pulford, Briony D.

2002-01-01

200

Adolescent substance abuse. Assessment in the office.  

PubMed

There are no gold-standard tests for evaluating a teen suspected of abusing substances. Awareness of the high prevalence of substance abuse in youth, a high index of suspicion, and a firm desire to be a part of the solution are all that is required to address the problem of substance abuse in youth. In an age of "dotcoms" and societal complexity that fosters an emotionally "disconnected" atmosphere by uniting adolescents only by what they buy, plug into, click on, or blast away, teens need trusted medical homes where caring pediatricians are available to give youth accurate and authoritative facts and care to help them build inner resilience and connect them to the pain and hurt of the people in their lives. Until now, the "three strikes and you're out" maxim has been applied in medical care. This maxim may work for baseball, Clintonomics, and practical office management strategies but is not recommended for addressing the needs of substance using or abusing youth who are prey to advertising strategies. The size of the marketing and advertising budgets of the alcohol and cigarette industries is an indication of the relentless marketing directed toward vulnerable youth. Pediatricians would be doing teens a disservice if they fail to countermand this marketing effect by not using the "rule of seven"--the "seven 'S' screen," seven education attempts, seven different ways over 7 years, and persistence over seven attempts of chemically dependent adolescents to quit. It has been said by Osler that "These are our methods--to carefully observe the phenomena of life in all its stages, to cultivate the reasoning of the faculty so as to be able to know the true from the false. This is our work--to prevent disease, to relieve suffering, to heal the sick," and provide HOPE always. PMID:11993283

Dias, Philomena J

2002-04-01

201

Current concepts in pharmacotherapy of substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cost to society of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug dependence is enormous. Although the importance of treatment for\\u000a substance abuse to public health is increasingly acknowledged, pharmacotherapy is generally underutilized. However, the selection\\u000a of medications for clinical testing is increasingly guided by the rapidly evolving science of addictive drugs and behavior.\\u000a The benefit of medication for smoking cessation is

P. Christopher H. Gottschalk; Leslie K. Jacobsen; Thomas R. Kosten

1999-01-01

202

Sudden cardiac death and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a steady increase in the number of deaths occurring from volatile substance abuse per year. The majority of deaths are in males, the peak age group being 15–19 years. Fuel gases i.e. cigarette lighter refills (butane), propane and gasoline and other solvents such as typewriter correction fluid, dry-cleaning fluids (trichloroethane) and fire extinguishers (bromochlorodifluoro-methane) are responsible for

A. A. Jennifer Adgey; Paul W. Johnston; Stephen McMechan

1995-01-01

203

Substance Abuse and HIV in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a population-based survey conducted in 2003 and employing multilevel modeling, the chapter examines the impact\\u000a of residential characteristics and mobility on substance abuse and HIV in China. Both individual characteristics and contextual\\u000a factors are hypothesized to affect individual drug-using behavior and HIV infection. The results suggest that being migrant\\u000a is associated with significantly less risky drug-using behavior

Xiushi Yang

204

Substance-abuse prevention: Beyond the schoolyard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance-abuse prevention in children and youth has had limited success, possibly because the scope of traditional interventions, usually school based, is too narrow. Children who live in poverty and\\/or whose homes are dysfunctional need environmental changes beyond what traditional school-based programs can offer. Community psychologists need to expand their work in this area. School-based and community-based interventions are addressed. Ideas

Holly E. Barnes

1997-01-01

205

Examining the links between animal abuse and human violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research has increasingly found evidence for the coexistence of animal abuse and various forms of interpersonal\\u000a violence. Some researchers have even argued for a specific version of this relationship, namely, that individuals tend to\\u000a move from violence toward animals, particularly in childhood, to subsequent violence toward humans. Others have suggested\\u000a that the evidence for this graduation or progression hypothesis

Clifton P. Flynn

2011-01-01

206

Dating Violence and Substance Use Among Ethnically Diverse Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teen dating violence is a serious public health concern with numerous and long-lasting consequences. Although alcohol and drug use have been associated with dating violence, little is known about the role of specific substances, especially the use of club drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Thus, the authors examined the association between dating violence victimization and the use

Jeff R. Temple; Daniel H. Freeman

2011-01-01

207

Modeling Treatment Motivation in Substance-Abusing Women with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: Children are often considered a primary motivator for women seeking substance abuse treatment. This study tested a model predicting treatment motivation in substance-abusing mothers. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS). It used structural equation modeling to describe factors…

Wilke, Dina J.; Kamata, Akihito; Cash, Scottye J.

2005-01-01

208

Paying for mental health and substance abuse care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-four billion dollars was spent on alcohol\\/ drug abuse and mental health treatment in 1990. These expenditures were concentrated in the area of inpatient psychiatric care and on persons with severe mental health and substance abuse problems. The data on expenditure patterns for mental health and substance abuse care suggest that successful health care reform in this area must implement

Richard G. Frank; Thomas G. McGuire; Darrel A. Regier; Ronald Manderscheid; Albert Woodward

1994-01-01

209

Technology, Teen Dating Violence and Abuse, and Bullying.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this project was to expand knowledge about the types of violence and abuse experiences youth have via technology (e.g., social networking sites, texting on cell phones), and how the experience of such cyber abuse within teen dating relationshi...

J. Yahner J. M. Zweig M. Dank P. Lachman

2003-01-01

210

Aripiprazole, alcohol and substance abuse: a review.  

PubMed

Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic used for schizophrenia, manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder and as adjunctive therapy for major depressive disorder. It functions as a partial agonist at dopamine D2 and 5-HT1A receptors, and as an antagonist at the 5-HT2A receptor. The most recent results obtained from scientific research showed that dopaminergic mechanisms are involved in motivation, reward, and reinforcement of substance abuse. The use of aripiprazole and partial dopamine agonists could represent a novel strategy for normalizing dopamine neurotransmission. Many studies in the last few years have highlighted aripiprazole as a potential candidate for the treatment of different types of substance dependence. This review aims to describe recent scientific research using aripiprazole in different substance abuse disorders (i.e., alcoholism, cocaine, amphetamine and nicotine use). Furthermore, the efficacy of aripiprazole compared to other pharmacological therapies will be described. Given the low number of studies, the frequent absence of placebo or active comparators, and the low statistical power of the studies, a clear conclusion about the use of aripiprazole in alcohol/substance dependence cannot be drawn. Therefore, we suggest the need for further studies, preferably randomized and placebo-controlled. PMID:23104650

Brunetti, M; Di Tizio, L; Dezi, S; Pozzi, G; Grandinetti, P; Martinotti, G

2012-10-01

211

Women's coping experiences in the spectrum of domestic violence abuse.  

PubMed

Through this phenomenological case study the author investigates the experience of coping by women in the spectrum of domestic violence abuse. An ecological view of women's coping is critically reviewed. Women of abuse cope with many factors simultaneously in their lives as there are numerous, multifaceted, and diverse issues that comprise and contribute to an abusive situation. Eight providers from four different agencies, two providers per agency, describe the coping experiences of women both in and out of the abusive situation. Study results corroborate with research and demonstrate that women's coping, both in and out of the abusive relationship is unique and complex. PMID:23368993

Haeseler, Lisa Ann

2013-01-01

212

Treating the substance-abusing suicidal patient.  

PubMed

Studies concerning the treatment of substance-abusing suicidal patients are scarce despite the frequent presence of suicidal behavior among this population. Indeed, suicidality (ideation or behavior) is generally an exclusion criterion for participation in treatment studies of subjects with alcohol or drug abuse. Consequently, to date, little is known about the optimal treatment of this population. The first study involving substance-abusing suicidal patients was an open-label trial conducted in the early 1990s. This study involved 12 patients, all of whom demonstrated recent suicidal ideations and had made a lifetime suicide attempt. The results of that open-label study demonstrated significant within-group improvement in both depressive symptoms (including suicidal ideations) and level of drinking. However, substantial residual depressive symptoms and drinking persisted at the end of the trial. Also, because no placebo control group was utilized, the authors of that study could not rule out the possibility that the apparent therapeutic effect from fluoxetine was the result of the placebo effect. To date, only one double-blind, placebo-controlled study of subjects with alcohol or substance abuse has included substantial numbers of suicidal patients. The study involved 51 subjects, of whom 20 (39%) had made a suicide attempt in the current depressive episode, 31 (61%) had made a suicide attempt in their lifetime, and 46 (90%) had reported suicidal ideations in the week before hospitalization. The results of that double-blind, placebo-controlled study suggest that fluoxetine was effective in decreasing but not eliminating both the depressive symptoms (including suicidal ideations) and the level of alcohol consumption among a study group of subjects with comorbid major depressive disorder and alcohol dependence, many of whom displayed suicidal ideations. A secondary data analysis from that study suggested that cigarette smoking is also significantly decreased by fluoxetine, but the magnitude of the decrease is limited and few of these patients totally quit smoking with fluoxetine treatment alone. Another secondary data analysis from that study suggested that marijuana smoking was also significantly decreased in a subgroup of subjects who demonstrated cannabis abuse and that the magnitude of this improvement was robust. A third secondary data analysis from that study suggested that cocaine abuse acts as a predictor of poor outcome for both depressive symptoms (including suicidality) and level of alcohol use in this population. The results of a 1-year naturalistic follow-up study involving the patients from that study suggest that the benefits of fluoxetine in decreasing depressive symptoms and level of drinking persist 1 year after entering the treatment program. To date, no other double-blind, placebo-controlled studies involving substantial numbers of substance-abusing suicidal patients have been reported to either confirm or refute these findings. Further studies are clearly warranted to evaluate the efficacy of various pharmacotherapeutic agents and various psychotherapies in the treatment of substance-abusing suicidal patients. PMID:11411192

Cornelius, J R; Salloum, I M; Lynch, K; Clark, D B; Mann, J J

2001-04-01

213

School-Based Interventions for Students with Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Experimentation with substances is typical for many young people, but unfortunately some will go on to develop substance abuse problems that substantially affect their lives. Successfully intervening with students who use or abuse substances is a challenge for school mental health professionals across the nation. There is a need for…

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Jenson, William R.; Clark, Elaine

2009-01-01

214

The role of ethnicity in substance abuse.  

PubMed

Ethnicity can be a confusing concept. In part, it includes inherited characteristics such as race. Certain other aspects are learned, such as religion, language, attitudes, values, or customs. National origin of oneself or one's kin can be a component of ethnicity. Group affiliation and participation in certain ritual and ceremony are also involved in ethnicity. Substance abuse and dependence may undermine certain aspects of ethnicity and ethnic affiliations, by interfering with traditional values, attitudes, preferred behaviors, and interpersonal relationships. Substance abuse leads to the evolution of new values, attitudes and behaviors. These are remarkably similar (though not identical) from one chemically dependent person to another. In some cases the chemically dependent person remains a social isolate, while in other cases the individual joins with others to create a subculture in which the drug or alcohol centered values, attitudes and behaviors are shared. Treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse--is successful--produces crisis in ethnic identity for many people. Drug centered values and behaviors are directly confronted in the treatment process, and affiliation with alcohol or drug subcultures is specifically undermined. This may create a state of anomie--with its attendant confusion, anxiety, and loss. Out of this turmoil some individuals resume their original, childhood ethnic identities and affiliations (though often more accentuated than before). Others assume new ethnic identities or affiliations. PMID:6516943

Westermeyer, J

1984-01-01

215

Behavioral couples therapy for drug-abusing patients: effects on partner violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a previous investigation (Fals-Stewart, Birchler, & O'Farrell, 1996), the purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of Behavioral Couples Therapy (BCT) on the prevalence of partner violence among married or cohabiting substance-abusing men (N = 80). Participants were randomly assigned to receive either BCT or individual-based treatment (IBT). The proportion of couples who engaged

William Fals-Stewart; Todd B. Kashdan; Timothy J. O'Farrell; Gary R. Birchler

2002-01-01

216

Sudden cardiac death and substance abuse.  

PubMed

There has been a steady increase in the number of deaths occurring from volatile substance abuse per year. The majority of deaths are in males, the peak age group being 15-19 years. Fuel gases i.e. cigarette lighter refills (butane), propane and gasoline and other solvents such as typewriter correction fluid, dry-cleaning fluids (trichloroethane) and fire extinguishers (bromochlorodifluoromethane) are responsible for approximately 60% of these deaths. Volatile substances sensitise the heart to circulating catecholamines, such that sudden alarm or exercise may precipitate sudden death. The main mechanism of cardiac arrest is a cardiac arrhythmia, but anoxia, respiratory depression and vagal stimulation along with aspiration of vomit or trauma may be contributing factors to the sudden death. In addition, particularly butane gas inhalation may be associated with severe laryngeal oedema and laryngospasm. Resuscitation from sudden death associated with volatile substance abuse is rare, since the majority of deaths are unwitnessed. It is suggested that cardiac arrhythmias should be treated conventionally. Sympathomimetic drugs should be avoided. Early during the resuscitation process, beta-adrenergic blocking agents should be administered to protect the catecholamine-sensitised heart. Early intubation in the management of the cardiac arrest should be avoided, if the inhalational agent is known to be associated with laryngospasm.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7667552

Adgey, A A; Johnston, P W; McMechan, S

1995-06-01

217

A personal intervention substance abuse treatment approach: Substance abuse treatment in a least restrictive residential model.  

PubMed

The following paper will detail demographic information about alcohol and substance abuse issues in the acquired brain injury (ABI) population. Included in such a review will be a systematic presentation of the current data on the incidence of such issues as well as a comprehensive treatment model with outcome data provided. Pre- and post-test measures of separate functional outcome areas were employed to assess the effects of the treatment package. The paper will document the core elements of a substance abuse treatment programme that is based upon community inclusion and positive, proactive treatment methods in facilitating decreases in substance abuse behaviour. The programme employed a host of individual and group session protocols specifically targeted at education and self-monitoring of behaviour in order to facilitate more effective self-control of addictive behaviours. The positive outcomes achieved by the participants involved in the study provide clinical justification for a proactive behavioural approach to substance abuse in the ABI population. PMID:16716983

Hensold, Tom C; Guercio, John M; Grubbs, Elizabeth E; Upton, Johnna C; Faw, Gerry

2006-04-01

218

The Effect of Abuse in Childhood and in Adolescence on Violence Among Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated whether childhood and adolescent abuse would relate to violence among younger and older adolescents, noting whether the effects on violence would be mediated by the strongest predictors of violence among both age groups. While the effects of abuse during adolescence were not mediated by the best predictors of violence, the effects of…

Benda, Brent B.; Corwyn, Robert Flynn

2002-01-01

219

Overview and epidemiology of substance abuse in pregnancy.  

PubMed

The use of licit or illicit substances during pregnancy has the potential to produce adverse health effects for the maternal-fetal dyad. In the United States, it is estimated that >4.4% of pregnant women abuse 1 or more substances during pregnancy. Social and environmental factors contribute significantly to increases in the prevalence and complexity of substance abuse disorders. Fear of reprisal prevents many women from accurately reporting substance use patterns and receiving appropriate medical and psychological care. This chapter details the epidemiology and risk factors associated with substance abuse during pregnancy and subsequent complications for the neonate. PMID:23314721

Wendell, Andria D

2013-03-01

220

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Congress established the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 1992 to "target effectively substance abuse and mental health services to the people most in need." SAMHSA also administers a number of block grant programs and data collection activities. On their homepage, visitors can get started by clicking on the "Data" link at the top of the page and reading through the "What We Are Doing" section. Here interested parties will find highlights of recent reports, state-level data on these topics, and a series of mental health statistics reports. The top of their homepage contains additional sections of interest, including "Grants", "Publications", "Data", and "Newsroom". Visitors should also take a look at the "Featured Resource", which is also on the homepage. In addition, many of the site's materials are available in Spanish. Visitors can follow SAMHSA on various social networks including Facebook YouTube, and Twitter, and they can also sign up for their mailing list if they wish to keep up with this valuable organization.

221

Effective services for homeless substance abusers.  

PubMed

A heterogeneous and representative sample of 323 homeless individuals in the metropolitan-Denver area with alcohol or other substance abuse problems received a comprehensive array of substance-abuse treatment services. Following treatment, these individuals showed dramatic improvement on average in their (a) levels of alcohol and drug use, (b) housing status, (c) physical and mental health, (d) employment, and (e) quality of life. Those who received more service improved more than those who received less service. These improvements are attributable, at least partly, to the treatment rather than to alternative hypotheses such as spontaneous remission. However, the rate of improvement generally slowed during the six-month follow-up period. A random half of the clients received intensive case management in addition to the other services. Case management marginally increased clients' contacts with addictions counselors, but had little effect on the level of other services received or on the tailoring of services to client needs. As a result, case management also had little, if any, effect on outcomes. PMID:8929935

Braucht, G N; Reichardt, C S; Geissler, L J; Bormann, C A; Kwiatkowski, C F; Kirby, M W

1995-01-01

222

Substance abuse and sexual trauma in a female veteran population.  

PubMed

An increasing number of researchers have explored connections between substance abuse, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sexual assault histories in civilian women. Despite literature suggesting the prevalence of substance abuse and sexual assault for female veterans, few studies have investigated these variables in a female veteran population. Thus, this paper was designed to provide preliminary information about this group of women. The results of this preliminary study suggest a high incidence of PTSD related to sexual trauma in a substance-abusing population of female veterans and a high incidence of substance abuse among female veterans who presented requesting help for sexual trauma. Suggestions for future study include examination of comparison samples of female veterans with and without PTSD and substance abuse across a variety of dimensions, including psychiatric symptoms, substance use, treatment utilization, and impact of treatment. Implications for assessment are highlighted. PMID:10023609

Davis, T M; Wood, P S

1999-03-01

223

Domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in HIV-infected women and women at risk for HIV.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and effect of domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in women with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. METHODS: Participants with HIV or at risk for HIV infection enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Childhood sexual abuse; all physical, sexual, and coercive violence by a partner; HIV serostatus; demographic data; and substance use and sexual habits were assessed. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence was 66% and 67%, respectively, in 1288 women with HIV and 357 uninfected women. One quarter of the women reported recent abuse, and 31% of the HIV-seropositive women and 27% of the HIV-seronegative women reported childhood sexual abuse. Childhood sexual abuse was strongly associated with a lifetime history of domestic violence and high-risk behaviors, including using drugs, having more than 10 male sexual partners and having male partners at risk for HIV infection, and exchanging sex for drugs, money, or shelter. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the hypothesis of a continuum of risk, with early childhood abuse leading to later domestic violence, which may increase the risk of behaviors leading to HIV infection.

Cohen, M; Deamant, C; Barkan, S; Richardson, J; Young, M; Holman, S; Anastos, K; Cohen, J; Melnick, S

2000-01-01

224

Drugs and Violence: Causes, Correlates, and Consequences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monograph is based on the papers and discussion from a technical review on 'Drugs and Violence' held on September 25 and 26, 1989, in Rockville, MD. Contents: Introduction: Exploring the Substance Abuse-Violence Connection; Violence as Regulation and ...

B. Gropper E. Y. Lambert M. De La Rosa

1990-01-01

225

Dwight Correctional Center: Evaluation of the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (1997).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The link between criminal activity and substance abuse is well documented. About fifty percent of inmates in federal facilities, state prisons, and local jails are estimated to have substance abuse problems. Substance abuse problems among incarcerated wom...

J. M. Mullany

2001-01-01

226

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2010-10-01

227

42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

2009-10-01

228

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2009-01-01

229

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. 707.5 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures...implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program. (a) Each...

2010-01-01

230

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2013-01-01

231

A Unique Program for Preschool Children of Substance Abusers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot program was designed to address the special problems of children of substance abusers. The program was established at the Child Development and Family Guidance Center by Operation PAR, a nationally recognized substance abuse treatment and prevention program. The staff are well-trained preschool professionals who have received special…

Howze, Kate; Howze, Wendell M.

232

Risk Factors for Substance Abuse for Rural Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Numerous reviews and studies have documented high levels of substance use and abuse in the United States when compared to other developed nations. Previous research has identified several factors which place adolescents at risk for substance abuse. This study was designed to replicate and validate some of these risk factors with youth from rural…

Mayton, Daniel M.

233

Ideology and Social Work Practice in Substance Abuse Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses current ideologies of care in the substance abuse arena, including the disease-abstinence, psychosocial, ecological, and harm-reduction approaches. Also examines social work managers' beliefs about substance abuse programs to determine if there are differences between those who have a social work background and those who do not. (RJM)|

Burke, Anna Celeste; Clapp, John D.

1997-01-01

234

Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Inpatient Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The existing literature indicates high comorbidity rates between depressive disorders and substance abuse disorders. Despite these elevated rates, there is limited empirical work devoted to understanding predictors of depressive symptoms among substance abusers. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of spirituality, believing in God's…

Diaz, Naelys; Green, Diane; Horton, Eloise G.

2009-01-01

235

Substance Abuse and Sexual Trauma in a Female Veteran Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of researchers have explored connections between substance abuse, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sexual assault histories in civilian women. Despite literature suggesting the prevalence of substance abuse and sexual assault for female veterans, few studies have investigated these variables in a female veteran population. Thus, this paper was designed to provide preliminary information about this group of

Tania M. Davis; Peggy S. Wood

1999-01-01

236

Neurocognitive Defects and Their Impact on Substance Abuse Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined prevalence of cognitive deficits in substance abusers (n=108) referred by criminal justice system to complete treatment in drug-free therapeutic community. Findings revealed that substance abusers with neuropsychological deficits were more likely to be removed from program for failure to follow rules and ultimately stayed in residence…

Fals-Stewart, William

1993-01-01

237

The Compulsive Adolescent Substance Abuser: Psychological Differentiation and Family Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explored the relationship between psychological differentiation and locus of control among compulsive adolescent substance abusers (N=14) in a therapeutic community and their parents (N=27). Concluded that compulsive adolescent substance abusers are psychologically undifferentiated, and involved in a pseudo-individuated relationship with their…

Weidman, Arthur

1983-01-01

238

First Episode Psychosis, Substance Abuse and Prognosis: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: Twelve studies met inclusion criteria. Compared to FEP patients without substance abuse, patients with substance abuse experienced increased positive symptoms in five out of seven studies; increased risk of relapse in two out of two studies; and increased risk of poor treatment compliance in three out of five studies. Only one of six studies examining negative symptoms found a

Suzanne Archie; Katalin Gyomorey

2009-01-01

239

Substance Abuse in Rural African-American Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More research into illicit substance abuse in rural African-American communities is needed. The existing literature indicates that patterns of use for licit substances (alcohol and cigarettes) are either similar for rural Blacks and Whites or lower for Blacks. However, the negative health and social consequences of smoking and abusive drinking are…

Dawkins, Marvin P.; Williams, Mary M.

240

Substance Abuse: Implications for Counseling African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines factors--such as unemployment, economic deprivation, racism, issues pertaining to gender roles--and their contribution to substance abuse in African American men. Specifically reviews the use of alcohol, opiates, crack, and cocaine. Argues that a biopsychosocial model offers the best framework in conceptualizing substance abuse and…

Wade, Jay C.

1994-01-01

241

Guide to Substance Abuse & Disability Resources Produced by NIDRR Grantees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is intended for use as a resource guide on substance abuse and co-existing disability areas by researchers, professionals, and people with disabilities. It contains scholarly items as well as a number of immediately functional resources for use by teachers, rehabilitation personnel, and others in their work with substance abuse

Wright State Univ., Dayton, OH.

242

A Unique Program for Preschool Children of Substance Abusers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pilot program was designed to address the special problems of children of substance abusers. The program was established at the Child Development and Family Guidance Center by Operation PAR, a nationally recognized substance abuse treatment and prevention program. The staff are well-trained preschool professionals who have received special…

Howze, Kate; Howze, Wendell M.

243

Prevalence and Pedagogy: Understanding Substance Abuse in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…

Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch

2011-01-01

244

Increasing Adherence to Substance Abuse Aftercare Group Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adherence to aftercare therapy in substance abuse treatment is associated with improved outcomes. Although previous research has established that adherence contracts and orientation to aftercare are an effective method of increasing aftercare attendance, participation levels are often low. We examined whether feedback and prompts are an effective means of further increasing adherence to substance abuse aftercare group therapy beyond that

Steven J. Lash; Sharon L. Blosser

1999-01-01

245

Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse patterns were reviewed for a group of patients admitted to the Gambling Treatment Program at the Brecksville Veterans Administration Medical Center.A retrospective chart review of 113 consecutively admitted patients between September 2000 and September 2001 found that 66.4% of pathological gamblers had a lifetime history of substance abuse or dependence at some point in their lives. A history

Otto Kausch

2003-01-01

246

Social reinforcement of substance abuse aftercare group therapy attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although adherence to aftercare therapy in substance abuse treatment is associated with improved treatment outcome, relatively little research has explored methods of improving aftercare adherence. To improve on established methods of promoting aftercare adherence, 43 graduates of the 28-day intensive substance abuse treatment program at the Salem Veteran's Affairs Medical Center who received standard aftercare orientation are compared to 38

Steven J Lash; Gregory E Petersen; Edmund A O'Connor; Lauren P Lehmann

2001-01-01

247

Aboriginal Traditions in the Treatment of Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the traditions and philosophy behind successful substance abuse treatment strategies used by Aboriginal people in Canada. Discusses how substance abuse treatment strategies which facilitate reconnection to cultural values and traditions enables Aboriginal clients to discover meaning in their lives and promote healing. (Author/GCP)|

McCormick, Rod M.

2000-01-01

248

Perceived Multicultural Competency of Certified Substance Abuse Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors explored the self-perceived multicultural counseling competencies of substance abuse counselors. Overall, the results indicate that substance abuse counselors perceived themselves to be competent; however, differences existed on the basis of race and educational level. Implications for practice and future research are…

Lassiter, Pamela S.; Chang, Catherine Y.

2006-01-01

249

Solution-Focused Group Therapy for Level 1 Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study compared solution-focused group therapy (SFGT) with a traditional problem-focused treatment for level 1 substance abusers. Outcome research on the effectiveness of solution-focused group therapy is minimal, especially in treating substance abusers. In the present study, clients were measured before and after treatment to…

Smock, Sara A.; Trepper, Terry S.; Wetchler, Joseph L.; McCollum, Eric E.; Ray, Rose; Pierce, Kent

2008-01-01

250

Young Substance Abusers and Precarious Employment: Trajectories and Anchoring Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was undertaken to understand the chain of family, school, and employment factors that led a sample of young (18-30) psychoactive substance abusers into precarious employment situations, based on their personal narratives. Substance abuse was measured according to DAST-20 and SMAST scales. Three types of precarious employment trajectories…

Morissette, Pauline; Maranda, Marie-France; Lessard, Danielle

2006-01-01

251

Creating Meaning and Value in Substance Abuse Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical faculty committed to teaching about substance abuse face the challenges of teaching about a stigmatized disease. They often work with little support and few colleagues. These clinician educators must find tools to help sustain them in this work. Knowledge of emerging data on effective diagnosis and treatment of substance abuse in the primary care setting and excellent clinical skills

Henrietta N. Barnes

2002-01-01

252

The Evolution of an Online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the field of rehabilitation services, substance abuse counseling requires unique skills. Post-baccalaureate academic certificate programs offer professionals an opportunity to retool or expand their skills and meet licensure needs in this evolving field. East Carolina University's online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program was…

Crozier, Mary K.

2012-01-01

253

Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Cochrane, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

2006-01-01

254

Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Luellen, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

2005-01-01

255

Substance Abuse Prevention: Implications for Reducing Risk of HIV Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to begin to formulate an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk-reduction strategy for use with adolescents. This strategy is based on the state of the art in substance abuse prevention and adolescent pregnancy prevention. The etiology of risk behaviors is discussed, and the history and success of substance abuse prevention and adolescent pregnancy prevention are

Gilbert J. Botvin; Linda Dusenbury

1992-01-01

256

Special Considerations for Substance Abuse Intervention with Latino Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nearly 10% of Latino youth who are twelve and older are in need of substance abuse treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use. Ethnic differences exist with regard to susceptibility to drug use, attitudes regarding drugs, and drug resistance strategies. The failure of some substance abuse prevention programs can be traced in part to their lack of…

Goldbach, Jeremy T.; Thompson, Sanna J.; Holleran Steiker, Lori K.

2011-01-01

257

A national study of the substance abuse treatment workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study's purpose is to gain a current perspective on the substance abuse treatment field's workforce. The data are from the Retrospective Study of treatment professionals designed to document how the Treatment Improvement Protocols published by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment have influenced the implementation of best practices. The Retrospective Study consisted of a two-wave cross-sectional survey with telephone

Kevin P Mulvey; Susan Hubbard; Susan Hayashi

2003-01-01

258

Evaluation in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evaluation policy of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is described in this article. Three studies are presented that exemplify SAMHSA ' evaluations. These include evaluations of a program to prevent substance abuse among pregnant and postpartum women and their infants; a Job Corps treatment enrichment program; and the McKinney programfor homeless persons with severe mental

Anna Marsh; Mary Jansen; Charlene Lewis; Roger B. Straw

1996-01-01

259

Race, Managed Care, And The Quality Of Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of managed behavioral health care by state Medicaid agencies has the potential to increase the quality of treatment for racial minorities by promoting access to substance abuse treatment and creating more appropriate utilization patterns. This paper examines three indicators of quality for white, Black, and Hispanic Medicaid clients who received substance abuse treatment in Massachusetts between 1992 and

Marilyn C. Daley; Grant A. Ritter; Dominic Hodgkin; Richard H. Beinecke

2005-01-01

260

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH DATA ARCHIVE (SAMHDA)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) is an initiative of the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goal of the archive is to provide re...

261

Historical Images and Reviews of Substance Use and Substance Abuse in the Teaching of Addiction Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to discuss how images and historical reviews of substance use and abuse from different time periods can be used to provide a better understanding of the historical background of the discipline. Historical reviews of various substances, as well as approaches to addressing substance abuse at different time periods,…

Stolberg, Victor B.

2009-01-01

262

Substance Use and Intimate Violence Among Incarcerated Males  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine substance use patterns among a sample of incarcerated males who report engaging in levels of intimate violence, as well as identifying similarities and differences in demographic, economic status, mental health, criminal justice involvement, relationships, and treatment factors for three groups of incarcerated males - those who report perpetrating low intimate violence, those

TK Logan; Robert Walker; Michele Staton; Carl Leukefeld

2001-01-01

263

Dating Violence and Substance Use among Ethnically Diverse Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teen dating violence is a serious public health concern with numerous and long-lasting consequences. Although alcohol and drug use have been associated with dating violence, little is known about the role of specific substances, especially the use of club drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Thus, the authors examined the…

Temple, Jeff R.; Freeman, Daniel H., Jr.

2011-01-01

264

Testing the Cycle of Violence Hypothesis: Child Abuse and Adolescent Dating Violence as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child abuse is an important determinant of future violence perpetration and victimization. Past research examining linkages between child abuse and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) has predominantly focused on married individuals and not considered adolescent dating violence. In the present study, data from three waves of the National…

Gomez, Anu Manchikanti

2011-01-01

265

Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who commit non-violent crimes. The question of interest in

Susan D. Phillips; James P. Gleeson; Melissa Waites-Garrett

2009-01-01

266

Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who…

Phillips, Susan D.; Gleeson, James P.; Waites-Garrett, Melissa

2009-01-01

267

48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts...SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency...substance abuse programsâmanagement and operating...

2010-10-01

268

48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts...SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency...substance abuse programsâmanagement and operating...

2009-10-01

269

Rural Drug Users: Factors Associated with Substance Abuse Treatment Utilization  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to use a modified version of Andersen’s (1968, 1995) Behavioral Model of Health Services Use to identify the correlates of the number of substance abuse treatment episodes received by rural drug users. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews with 711 drug users in rural areas of Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky. Descriptive analyses examine rural drug users’ substance use histories and retrospective substance abuse treatment service utilization patterns. A negative binomial regression model indicated that selected predisposing, historical health, and enabling factors were significantly associated with the utilization of substance abuse treatment among rural drug users. Despite high levels of recent and lifetime self-reported substance use among these rural drug users, treatment services were underutilized. Future studies are needed to examine the impact of the health care system and characteristics of the external environment associated with rural substance abuse treatment in order to increase utilization among drug users.

Oser, Carrie B.; Leukefeld, Carl G.; Tindall, Michele Staton; Garrity, Thomas F.; Carlson, Robert G.; Falck, Russel; Wang, Jichuan; Booth, Brenda M.

2010-01-01

270

Substance abuse treatment for high-risk adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent substance abuse is rising dramatically in the United States. This observation is especially troubling given the\\u000a association between substance use and HIV, as well as other sexually transmitted diseases. Surprisingly, there have been few\\u000a carefully constructed, controlled studies examining different treatment approaches with adolescent substance abusers. In our\\u000a review of the literature, we note that family therapy and, to

Robert E. Booth; Carol F. Kwiatkowski

1999-01-01

271

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ANIMAL CRUELTY: UNTANGLING THE WEB OF ABUSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of research indicates that batterers often threaten, hurt, or kill family pets as a means of coercing and controlling their female partners and that women sometimes delay seeking shelter out of concern for the welfare of their pets. This article reviews the research on the link between animal abuse and domestic violence, describes the implications of this

Catherine A. Faver; Elizabeth B. Strand

2003-01-01

272

Drug Abuse and Criminal Violence in Urban Communities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study provides an analysis of the literature in the area of criminal justice, criminology, and the social sciences with a special focus on the causative factors in drug abuse and violence; and a case history of a city which is familiar with these pro...

E. J. Mitchell

1987-01-01

273

Nonphysical Abuse: Findings in Domestic Violence Against Older Women Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports findings regarding nonphysical abuse of middle-aged and older women in intimate relationships based on 21 focus groups with 134 women ages 45 to 85 years. Computer assisted qualitative data analysis was used to organize and analyze data. Descriptions of nonphysical violence appeared clustered under the notion that power and control dynamics were integrally related to the effect

Laura R. Seff; Richard L. Beaulaurier; Frederick L. Newman

2008-01-01

274

Intimate Partner Violence during Pregnancy and Mothers' Child Abuse Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research examines whether women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy have a higher child abuse potential than women who have not experienced IPV. Data were analyzed from a longitudinal investigation of IPV during pregnancy. This study recruited 88 pregnant women during prenatal care and followed them for 1…

Casanueva, Cecilia E.; Martin, Sandra L.

2007-01-01

275

Health Reform for Communities: Financing Substance Abuse Services. Recommendations from a Join Together Policy Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance abuse treatment has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing not only substance use, but also the economic, health, and social costs associated with substance abuse. This document examines how health care reform can preserve and enhance community substance abuse services. The cost effectiveness of funding substance abuse prevention…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

276

Screening for substance abuse in women's health: a public health imperative.  

PubMed

Alcohol and drug use is a significant public health problem with particular implications for the health and safety of women. Women who abuse these substances are more likely to have untreated depression and anxiety and are at higher risk for intimate partner violence, homelessness, incarceration, infectious disease, and unplanned pregnancy. Substance abuse during pregnancy places both mother and fetus at risk for adverse perinatal outcomes. Data regarding the prevalence of substance abuse in women are conflicting and difficult to interpret. On the clinical level, strong arguments exist against routine urine drug testing and in favor of the use of validated instruments to screen women for drug and alcohol use both in primary women's health care and during pregnancy. A number of sex-specific screening tools are available for clinicians, some of which have also been validated for use during pregnancy. Given the risks associated with untreated substance abuse and dependence in women, the integration of drug and alcohol screening into daily clinical practice is imperative. This article reviews screening tools available to providers in both the prenatal and primary women's health care settings and addresses some of the challenges raised when women screen positive for drug and alcohol abuse. PMID:23631601

Goodman, Daisy J; Wolff, Kristina B

2013-04-30

277

The Use of Required Treatment for Substance Abusers.  

PubMed

Studies show that typically less than 10% of alcohol and other drug abusers voluntarily enter treatment for their substance abuse, and once in treatment, drop out rates are high. One controversial way to get clients into, and to participate in, treatment is the use of legally encouraged or required treatment. Grounded in the parents patriae doctrine of state protection, the primary rationale for required treatment is that some substance abusers require external pressure to enter and remain in treatment. The history of required treatment for alcohol and other substance abuse, the primary issues surrounding its use, the use of required treatment in the criminal justice system, the primary treatment models for alcohol and other substance abuse, ways to increase internal and external motivation for treatment, and therapist and treatment personnel responsibilities in using required treatment are discussed. PMID:12511832

Fagan, Ron

1999-12-01

278

Prevention of adolescent reoccurring violence and alcohol abuse: a multiple site evaluation.  

PubMed

"Prevention of Adolescent Reoccurring Violence and Alcohol Abuse: A Multiple Site Evaluation" is a multiple component alcohol abuse and violent behavior prevention strategy, targeted to adolescents ages 16-21 who have high levels of anger, or who are victims/perpetrators of violence, and their families. Three community centers located in upstate New York provided group participants (N = 210) known to have conduct disorder and substance abuse history. The centers were used as the intervention sites over a seven-week period with the youth assessment staff using objective screening measures. The participants were exposed to a two-pronged intervention, using a parental involvement cohort with approximately half of the study participants. The Teams, Games, and Tournaments strategy was the intervention method. Teams, Games, and Tournaments is a Social Learning Theory-based intervention with demonstrated empirical evidence of the model's effectiveness. A 2 x 3 factorial design with two follow-up points encompassed: anger control, alcohol/substance abuse, and family interactive education. The goals of the study were to help adolescents reduce their alcohol use, to increase productive family interaction, and ultimately to reduce the adolescents' aggression levels and subsequently reduce the possibility of their becoming victims or perpetrators of a violent crime. Consistent with Social Learning Theory, the Teams, Games, and Tournaments treatment intervention makes use of adolescents as peer counselors. The practical implications include that professionals or students in our public schools, juvenile courts, correctional institutions, and residential treatment centers can easily implement this program. A standardized treatment manual is available. It offers a complete, ready-to-use, and cost-effective tool for reducing adolescent violence and alcohol abuse. Further, the data provide support for a hypothesis of social learning theory, that is: interventions using multiple components are more effective than single treatments on their own. PMID:20799128

Wodarski, John S

2010-07-01

279

Treatment of Concurrent Substance Dependence, Child Neglect and Domestic Violence: A Single Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although child neglect and substance abuse co-occur in greater than 60% of child protective service cases, intervention outcome\\u000a studies are deplorably lacking. Therefore, a home-based Family Behavior Therapy is described in the treatment of a woman evidencing\\u000a child neglect, substance dependence, domestic violence and other co-occurring problems. Treatment included contingency management,\\u000a self control, stimulus control, communication and child management skills

Valerie Romero; Brad Donohue; Daniel N. Allen

2010-01-01

280

Relapse Contexts for Substance Abusing Adolescents with Comorbid Psychopathology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship of diagnosis, developmentally relevant factors (e.g., life stress, peer substance use) and mental health symptoms to contexts of a return to substance use were examined for 103 substance abusing adolescents with Axis I psychopathology (ages 12-17) following inpatient treatment. Proximal psychiatric symptoms and developmentally…

Anderson, Kristen G.; Frissell, Kevin C.; Brown, Sandra A.

2007-01-01

281

Substance Abuse Treatment with Rural Adolescents: Issues and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the characteristics and treatment outcomes of rural adolescents with urban adolescents in substance abuse treatment programs in CSAT's Strengthening Communities for Youth (SCY) initiative. Using data from ten SCY programs nationally, the authors classified adolescents as rural or urban using Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) codes. We then evaluated changes in substance use frequency and substance-related problems at

James A. Hall; Douglas C. Smith; Scott D. Easton; Hyonggin An; Julie K. Williams; Susan H. Godley; Mijin Jang

2008-01-01

282

Teaching about substance abuse with objective structured clinical exams  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although residents commonly manage substance abuse disorders, optimal approaches to teaching these specialized interviewing\\u000a and intervention skills are unknown.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: We developed a Substance Abuse Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) to teach addiction medicine competencies using immediate\\u000a feedback. In this study we evaluated OSCE performance, examined associations between performance and self-assessed interest\\u000a and competence in substance abuse, and assessed

Sharon J. Parish; Megha Ramaswamy; Melissa R. Stein; Elizabeth K. Kachur; Julia H. Arnsten

2006-01-01

283

Childhood abuse as a possible locus for early intervention into problems of violence and psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewed research on abuse in childhood. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, as well as children witnessing parents abuse each other, were all found to be associated with later problems with violence and psychopathology. No causal conclusions could be drawn because of the correlational nature of the research. Also, research into possible interventions was reviewed. At least somewhat effective interventions

A. A Sappington

2000-01-01

284

Predicting the initiation of substance abuse in Iranian adolescents.  

PubMed

Limited information is available on adolescent's substance abuse in Iran. The aims of this study are to estimate incidence rate of substance abuse among the sample of 10-grade male students in Tabriz City (northwestern region of Iran), and to evaluate the associated factors. Of all grade-10 male students in Tabriz, 1785 (13.7%) were randomly sampled, and were assessed twice. A self-administered questionnaire with 48 questions was distributed to students in February and March 2005. After one year (February and March 2006), another questionnaire with 10 items was distributed to those students to determine the incidence rate of substance abuse. The influence of different factors on substance abuse was evaluated with a logistic regression model. The mean age of the subjects was 16.3+/-0.87 (min. 15, max. 19) years. At the end of follow-up, 10.1% and 2.2% of students reported incidence of alcohol use and drug abuse respectively. This study has shown low prevalence of substance abuse, but higher incidence rate of substance abuse. PMID:17725932

Mohammadpoorasl, Asghar; Fakhari, Ali; Rostami, Fatemeh; Vahidi, Rezagholi

2007-08-06

285

Psychiatric Disorders of Children Living with Drug-Abusing, Alcohol-Abusing, and Non-Substance-Abusing Fathers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The present study examined lifetime psychiatric disorders and current emotional and behavioral problems of 8- to 12-year-old children living with drug-abusing (DA) fathers compared to children living in demographically matched homes with alcohol-abusing (AA) or non-substance-abusing fathers. Method: Children's lifetime psychiatric…

Kelley, Michelle L.; Fals-Stewart, William

2004-01-01

286

Masculine Gender Role Stress and Substance Abuse Among Substance Dependent Males  

Microsoft Academic Search

Masculine gender role stress (MGRS) occurs in men who are highly committed to the male role. We hypothesized that among substance dependent men, high MGRS men would show more severe alcohol and drug abuse than low MGRS men. Additionally, we explored the types of substance abuse triggers to which high MGRS men are most vulnerable and their confidence in coping

Steven J. Lash; Michael M. Copenhaver; Richard M. Eisler

1998-01-01

287

The Relationship of Animal Abuse to Violence and Other Forms of Antisocial Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from this study challenge the assumption that animal abusers commonly “graduate” from violence against animals to violence against humans. The criminal records of 153 animal abusers and 153 control participants were tracked and compared. Animal abusers were more likely than control participants to be interpersonally violent, but they also were more likely to commit property offenses, drug offenses, and

ARNOLD ARLUKE; JACK LEVIN; CARTER LUKE; FRANK ASCIONE

1999-01-01

288

Parenting in Females Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence and Childhood Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence may have a significant impact on parenting. The current study expands on existing research by examining the effects of child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence on parenting styles and parenting self-efficacy. In women from a parenting intervention program (n = 20), child sexual abuse was…

Jaffe, Anna E.; Cranston, Christopher C.; Shadlow, Joanna O.

2012-01-01

289

Lesbians in alcohol recovery surviving childhood sexual abuse and parental substance misuse.  

PubMed

Narratives of lives disrupted by abuse are essential data sources for understanding women's survival and healing in contexts of childhood sexual abuse. In this qualitative, feminist study of lesbians recovering from alcohol problems who have histories of childhood sexual abuse, a multiethnic sample of 20 women narrated their life stories in a series of three in-depth interviews. The purpose of this paper is to focus on parental substance misuse as it affected these women when they were growing up. Conditions and consequences of surviving childhood sexual abuse and parental substance misuse are analysed using narrative strategies and described using excerpts from the women's narratives. Loss was the overarching core theme that integrated participants' storied descriptions of parental substance misuse. They incurred severe losses in the absence of basic necessities for safe and healthy passages through childhood. In their abusive homes, they were not allowed innocence, and protected from violence, nor nurtured, guided, and loved. As many said, they lost their very childhoods. PMID:10734843

Hall, J M

1999-05-01

290

Latino Cultural Assets and Substance Abuse Services: Opportunity Knocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latino cultural assets represent a vast untapped resource for the field of substance abuse in its quest to provide culturally competent services to an increasingly large numerical population group in the United States.

Melvin Delgado; Lisa de Saxe Zerden

2007-01-01

291

Regulatory Issues Encountered when Conducting Longitudinal Substance Abuse Research  

PubMed Central

Objective To summarize challenges unique to obtaining Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for longitudinal substance abuse research, focusing on solutions and lessons learned. Methods Thirteen senior Principal Investigators with experience conducting research on substance abuse treatment and health services outcomes recalled instances from the prior 5 years when obtaining UCLA and non-UCLA IRB approval was hampered by differences in the interpretation of regulatory guidelines and how those differences were resolved. Principal Findings Comprehensive yet flexible research protocols regarding (1) informed and voluntary consent, (2) participant payment, and (3) re-contact efforts are essential for securing IRB approval of longitudinal substance abuse studies. Specific examples of lessons learned are provided. Conclusions Experiences can help researchers to provide appropriate and explicit justification for longitudinal substance abuse research protocols, thereby minimizing the burden and cost associated with meeting regulatory requirements as well as enhancing the efficiency, quantity, and quality of data collected.

Evans, Elizabeth; Murphy, Debra A.; Grella, Christine E.; Mouttapa, Michele; Hser, Yih-Ing

2008-01-01

292

State Efforts to Reduce Substance Abuse Among Offenders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides information on trends in prison, parole, and juvenile correctional populations; implementation of State drug testing, sanctions, and treatment policies; and Federal funding available for programs focused on substance abuse among offend...

1998-01-01

293

Substance Abuse Treatment for Children and Adolescents: Questions to Ask  

MedlinePLUS

Substance Abuse Treatment For Children And Adolescents: Questions To Ask Quick Links Facts for Families - Numerical List Facts for Families Facts for Families - Keyword (Alphabetical) No. 41; Reviewed July ...

294

Substance abuse treatment programs' data management capacity: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

Despite treatment improvement and performance management imperatives, little research describes the data management capacity of substance abuse treatment programs, and useful metrics are not available to gauge capacity. This exploratory study evaluates clinical and administrative data management at eight substance abuse treatment programs in four US states to identify factors for developing an appropriate metric. Findings indicate that programs tend to manage data inefficiently and have few protocols guiding information management. Barriers to better data management included lack of integrated information technology (IT) systems; limited funding, time, and staff for developing and implementing IT-related changes; and divergent staff skills in and attitudes toward IT. This snapshot of substance abuse treatment programs' data management capabilities suggests a need for a metric to examine data management capability in these settings. Infusion of expertise, training, and funding are needed to improve substance abuse treatment programs' IT-related systems and data management processes. PMID:20574647

Wisdom, Jennifer P; Ford, James H; Wise, Meg; Mackey, Deirdre; Green, Carla A

2011-04-01

295

The use of music therapy with substance abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is about music therapy activities in Tehran TC that involve the use of lyric analysis, song sharing and a self-designed questionnaire of the effects of music which substance abusers listened to during their addiction period.

Mohammad Reza

2006-01-01

296

A Telephone Intervention for Substance-Using Adult Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

Objective To preliminarily evaluate telephone-delivered motivational enhancement therapy (MET) in motivating unadjudicated and nontreatment seeking intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators, who also use substances, to self-refer into treatment. Method 124 adult men were recruited via a multimedia marketing campaign and were randomly assigned to the intervention (MET) or comparison group following a baseline assessment. Participants in the MET condition received a personalized feedback report on their IPV and substance-use behaviors, consequences, and social norms beliefs. Results Results supported the likely effectiveness of MET in short-term reduction of IPV behavior, increasing motivation for treatment seeking, and changing perceived norms for IPV and substance abuse (SA). Conclusions Applications for brief MET interventions to facilitate voluntary treatment entry among substance-using IPV perpetrators are discussed.

Mbilinyi, Lyungai F.; Neighbors, Clayton; Walker, Denise D.; Roffman, Roger A.; Zegree, Joan; Edleson, Jeffrey; O'Rourke, Allison

2012-01-01

297

45 CFR 96.126 - Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. 96.126 Section 96.126 Public...of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. (a) In order to obtain...the purposes of treating injecting drug abusers, establish a waiting list that...

2009-10-01

298

45 CFR 96.126 - Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Capacity of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. 96.126 Section 96.126 Public...of treatment for intravenous substance abusers. (a) In order to obtain...the purposes of treating injecting drug abusers, establish a waiting list that...

2010-10-01

299

10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use, and the availability...participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation...implementing workplace substance abuse requirements additional...baseline, including drug testing employees...

2013-01-01

300

Current developments in psychosocial treatments of alcohol and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews recent findings and new developments in alcohol and substance abuse treatment over the past 2 years.\\u000a Outcome results from two large clinical trials: Project MATCH (Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity) for\\u000a alcohol dependent patients; and the National Institute on Drug Abuse Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study for cocaine dependent\\u000a patients; and the naturalistic Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome

Lynne Siqueland; Paul Crits-Christoph

1999-01-01

301

Substance Abuse Treatment Programs’ Data Management Capacity: an Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite treatment improvement and performance management imperatives, little research describes the data management capacity\\u000a of substance abuse treatment programs, and useful metrics are not available to gauge capacity. This exploratory study evaluates\\u000a clinical and administrative data management at eight substance abuse treatment programs in four US states to identify factors\\u000a for developing an appropriate metric. Findings indicate that programs tend

Jennifer P. Wisdom; James H. Ford II; Meg Wise; Deirdre Mackey; Carla A. Green

2011-01-01

302

Treatment Outcomes for Older Adults Who Abuse Substances  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Center for Substance Abuse Treatment Knowledge Application Program based on cognitive-behavioral and self-management treatment approaches and targeted to older adults with substance abuse was provided through a community behavioral health center. A sample of 199 adults aged 50 and above participated in the 18-session program. Observations were made at intake and 6 months after intake. Program completers versus noncompleters

Freida H. Outlaw; Jules M. Marquart; Ajanta Roy; Jason K. Luellen; Mary Moran; Amy Willis; Thomas Doub

2012-01-01

303

Spending for mental health and substance abuse treatment, 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the result of an ongoing effort to track spending on mental health and substance abuse (MH\\/SA) treatment nationwide. Spending for MH\\/SA treatment was $85.3 billion in 1997: $73.4 billion for mental illness and $11.9 billion for substance abuse. MH\\/SA spending growth averaged 6.8 percent a year between 1987 and 1997, while national health expenditures grew by 8.2

D. McKusick; T. L. Mark; E. King; R. Harwood; J. A. Buck; J. Dilonardo; J. S. Genuardi

1998-01-01

304

Primary Care and Substance Abuse Treatment Linkages: Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Calls divided undervalued treatment approaches of alcoholism/substance abuse a major anomaly in the American health care system. Presents American Psychological Association policy statement on alcoholism and other drug abuse adopted in February 1992. Includes discussion of overall policy and policies pertaining to prevention; assessment,…

Wiggins, Jack G.

1993-01-01

305

Creating Culturally Grounded Videos for Substance Abuse Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes and critiques the pilot phase of a project in which an ethnically diverse group of students from a large southwestern urban high school created culturally based substance abuse prevention videos for urban middle school students. The rationale evolved from research that suggested that a peer-created, culturally-specific approach to drug abuse prevention would be more effective than would

Lori K. Holleran; Leslie Reeves; Patricia Dustman; Flavio F. Marsiglia

2002-01-01

306

Substance Abuse, Internalized Homophobia, and Gay Men and Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gay men and lesbians reportedly use and abuse alcohol and substances at rates higher than the general population. This higher rate has been questioned, but, whether gay men and lesbians have more use and abuse or not, unique clinical considerations are involved in addiction treatment for gay men and lesbians. The psychodynamic factors that contribute to the creation and powerful

Robert Paul Cabaj

2000-01-01

307

Substance abuse and dependence in prisoners: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims To review studies of the prevalence of substance abuse and dependence in prisoners on reception into custody. Design and method A systematic review of studies measuring the prevalence of drug and alcohol abuse and depen- dence in male and female prisoners on reception into prison was conducted. Only studies using standardized diagnostic criteria were included. Relevant information, such as

Seena Fazel; Parveen Bains; Helen Doll

2006-01-01

308

Absenteeism and business costs: Does substance abuse matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted an empirical test of the assertion that absenteeism related to substance abuse and dependence among workers is an important contributor to the cost of doing business among American companies, a cost sufficient to motivate firms to aggressively intervene to eliminate abuse and dependence among their employees. The results of this analysis, based on relevant national data sets, suggest

William H. Foster; Roger D. Vaughan

2005-01-01

309

Prevalence and Predictors of Dating Violence among Adolescent Female Victims of Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to advance knowledge of dating violence behaviors among adolescent victims of child sexual abuse (CSA), first, by determining the prevalence of psychological and physical dating violence and the reciprocity of violence, and second, by investigating the influence of certain CSA characteristics to dating violence.…

Cyr, Mireille; McDuff, Pierre; Wright, John

2006-01-01

310

Physiologic changes associated with violence and abuse exposure: an examination of related medical conditions.  

PubMed

Although the extant evidence is replete with data supporting linkages between exposure to violence or abuse and the subsequent development of medical illnesses, the underlying mechanisms of these relationships are poorly defined and understood. Physiologic changes occurring in violence- or abuse-exposed individuals point to potentially common biological pathways connecting traumatic exposures with medical outcomes. Herein, the evidence describing the long-term physiologic changes in abuse- and violence-exposed populations and associated medical illnesses are reviewed. Current data support that (a) specific neurobiochemical changes are associated with exposure to violence and abuse; (b) several biological pathways have the potential to lead to the development of future illness; and (c) common physiologic mechanisms may moderate the severity, phenomenology, or clinical course of medical illnesses in individuals with histories of exposure to violence or abuse. Importantly, additional work is needed to advance our emerging understanding of the biological mechanisms connecting exposure to violence and abuse and negative health outcomes. PMID:22186168

Keeshin, Brooks R; Cronholm, Peter F; Strawn, Jeffrey R

2011-12-19

311

Dating violence and substance use among ethnically diverse adolescents.  

PubMed

Teen dating violence is a serious public health concern with numerous and long-lasting consequences. Although alcohol and drug use have been associated with dating violence, little is known about the role of specific substances, especially the use of club drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Thus, the authors examined the association between dating violence victimization and the use of a variety of licit and illicit substances among 1,565 ethnically diverse and economically disadvantaged high school students in southeast Texas. Past year dating violence victimization was reported by 14.1% of boys and 11.3% of girls. Compared to their nonabused counterparts, youth who experienced dating violence were more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, binge drink alcohol, sniff glue to get high, use marijuana, use ecstasy, use Vicodin, and use Xanax. However, with the exception of alcohol and cigarettes, all substances were reduced to nonsignificance in multivariate analyses. No differences were found in the rate of dating violence between African American, White, and Hispanic adolescents. PMID:20587475

Temple, Jeff R; Freeman, Daniel H

2010-06-28

312

Understanding the Diverse Needs of Children whose Parents Abuse Substances  

PubMed Central

In this review, we consider the potential service needs of children of substance abusing parents based on what we know about the risk outcomes faced by these children and the parenting deficits often present in these families. Importantly, our review does not address the etiological role of parental substance abuse in children's negative outcomes but instead we discuss the complex inter-related risk factors that often co-occur with and exacerbate risk associated with parental alcohol and drug use. We first review studies showing the elevated risk that children of substance abusing parents face in general for poorer academic functioning; emotional, behavioral, and social problems; and an earlier onset of substance use, faster acceleration in substance use patterns, and higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. We then review studies showing contextual risk factors for children of substance abusing parents, including parenting deficits (less warmth, responsiveness, and physical and verbal engagement as well as harsher and more over-involved interaction styles), greater risk for child maltreatment, and less secure attachment patterns. We conclude with a discussion of future directions for research and guidelines for professionals working with children and their families where parental substance abuse is present.

Solis, Jessica M.; Shadur, Julia M.; Burns, Alison R.; Hussong, Andrea M.

2013-01-01

313

Understanding the diverse needs of children whose parents abuse substances.  

PubMed

In this review, we consider the potential service needs of children of substance abusing parents based on what we know about the risk outcomes faced by these children and the parenting deficits often present in these families. Importantly, our review does not address the etiological role of parental substance abuse in children's negative outcomes but instead we discuss the complex inter-related risk factors that often co-occur with and exacerbate risk associated with parental alcohol and drug use. We first review studies showing the elevated risk that children of substance abusing parents face in general for poorer academic functioning; emotional, behavioral, and social problems; and an earlier onset of substance use, faster acceleration in substance use patterns, and higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. We then review studies showing contextual risk factors for children of substance abusing parents, including parenting deficits (less warmth, responsiveness, and physical and verbal engagement as well as harsher and more over-involved interaction styles), greater risk for child maltreatment, and less secure attachment patterns. We conclude with a discussion of future directions for research and guidelines for professionals working with children and their families where parental substance abuse is present. PMID:22455509

Solis, Jessica M; Shadur, Julia M; Burns, Alison R; Hussong, Andrea M

2012-06-01

314

[Misuse of substances theoretically without abuse potential--case series].  

PubMed

The aim of our study was to present cases of misuse of different substances theoretically without abuse potential. In the last few years such behavior became an increasing problem in toxicological and emergency units. Lack of typical signs of intoxication with psychoactive substances, and negative results of standard toxicological tests may be a challenge for toxicologists and emergency medicine practitioners. PMID:19788132

Anand, Jacek Sein; Habrat, Bogus?aw; Sut, Micha?; Korolkiewicz, Roman

2009-01-01

315

Early Adolescent Substance Use/Abuse in Rural Northern Michigan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic research and programs in substance abuse dealing directly with rural and small town populations lag far behind those aimed at urban groups, in both quality and quantity. A study was conducted to identify factors related to substance use by a preadolescent and early adolescent rural and small town population. Data were collected from 496…

Sarvela, Paul D.; McClendon, E. J.

316

Understanding Adolescent Substance Abuse: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Clinical Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From a developmental perspective, adolescence is a time of gaining independence, experimentation, and taking risks. One area of experimentation associated with adolescence is substance use. For counselors working with adolescents who use or abuse substances, or both, it is important to understand the scope of the problem and ways to effectively…

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.

2006-01-01

317

Personality, drug of choice, and comorbid psychopathology among substance abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated the association between substance abuse\\/dependence, drug of choice, and the personality traits of negative emotionality, positive emotionality, and constraint (disinhibition) as measured by the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire. The sample comprises 325 subjects from the Yale Family Study, a family study investigating the relation between substance-use disorders and anxiety disorders and their transmission in families. A total

Kevin P Conway; Joel D Swendsen; Bruce J Rounsaville; Kathleen Ries Merikangas

2002-01-01

318

Psychotropic Medications and Substances of Abuse Interactions in Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The majority of youth with substance use disorders (SUDs) manifest one or more co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Consequently, many of these youths are being prescribed with psychotropic medications. As prescribing rates continue to increase for early-onset psychiatric disorders, potential risk for substance of abuse-psychiatric medication…

Kaminer, Yifrah; Goldberg, Pablo; Connor, Daniel F.

2010-01-01

319

Treating substance abuse in primary care: a demonstration project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to implement the delivery of a full range of substance abuse services in a primary care setting. Implementation and logistical issues including confidentiality and communication are discussed. The delivery of services, types of patients, and contextual and policy factors that influenced project implementation are described. Context: Substance use disorders are associated with significant

Denise Ernst; William R. Miller; Stephen Rollnick

2007-01-01

320

Demographic and Clinical Correlates of Client Motivation among Substance Abusers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of motivation in substance abusers' acceptance of treatment and its relation to treatment outcomes. Better motivation was consistently associated with severity of substance use. Motivation was not related to alcohol and drug use severity six months later. Severity associated with motivation at entry was not related to clients'…

Rapp, Richard C.; Li, Li; Siegal, Harvey A.; DeLiberty, Richard N.

2003-01-01

321

Hispanic Youth, Substance Abuse, and Stress: Implications for Prevention Research  

PubMed Central

Hispanic adolescents are the fastest growing ethnic-minority age group in America. They are also at high risk for drug, alcohol, and tobacco use. In this paper, the authors discuss the etiology of Hispanic adolescents’ substance abuse, as explained in part by psychological stress. Based on the authors’ research and on other data, a model for preventing substance abuse among Hispanic youths is presented. The model draws from coping, acculturation, social learning, and informal network theories. Concluding with a research agenda, the paper calls for descriptive, correlative, and intervention outcome studies to scientifically understand and prevent substance use among Hispanic adolescents.

Schinke, Steven P.; Moncher, Michael S.; Palleja, Josephine; Zayas, Luis H.; Schilling, Robert F.

2010-01-01

322

Normalization of Violence: Experiences of Childhood Abuse by Inner-City Crack Users  

PubMed Central

An increasing literature mostly based on retrospective surveys has been consistently documenting a correlation between physical abuse in childhood (CPA) and substance abuse in adulthood (ASA). This article uses ethnographic data to reveal the processes behind and context of this linkage for one population—poor, inner-city New York residents who became crack users. Life in the inner city is qualitatively different than in more fortunate circumstances. CPA is but one of numerous stressors and factors contributing to ASA. Approximately half of the subjects reported clear recollections of being physically beaten by their mothers or their various male partners. Although several denied being beaten in childhood, they typically reported various forms of physical assaults that they “deserved.” Physical assaults, especially by mothers, were often understood as expressions of love. As such, these respondents viewed their ongoing physical assaults as an ordinary part of their childhood and adolescence. Such physical punishment also socialized and prepared children for the violence that would likely occur during their childhood in their inner-city communities. This analysis highlights how reducing substance abuse in the inner city may require a much more comprehensive effort than a focus on reducing CPA. These findings also have important implications for quantitative research regarding CPA and ASA. Such studies should subdivide their analyses by socioeconomic status to more clearly measure how much of a risk factor CPA represents among wealthier populations and how much not being abused may serve as a protective factor among poor inner-city populations.

DUNLAP, ELOISE; GOLUB, ANDREW; JOHNSON, BRUCE D.; BENOIT, ELLEN

2010-01-01

323

Psychotropic Medications and Substances of Abuse Interactions in Youth  

PubMed Central

The majority of youth with substance use disorders (SUD) manifest one or more co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Consequently, many of these youths are being prescribed with psychotropic medications. As prescribing rates continue to increase for early onset psychiatric disorders, potential risk for substance of abuse – psychiatric medication interactions may be enhanced. Since this type of drug-drug interaction has received little attention in the scientific literature, we conducted a systematic literature search examining the potential interactive adverse effects between psychotropic medications and substances of abuse in youth. Regardless of the scarcity of psychotropic medications - substance of abuse interactions found, it is important to stay vigilant due to the continued introduction of new classes of medications as well as the ever-changing map of street drugs.

Kaminer, Yifrah; Goldberg, Pablo; Connor, Daniel F.

2011-01-01

324

Parental Substance Abuse and Family Reunification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the reunification outcomes of 4 groups of children placed in foster care in Oklahoma: those referred due to parental alcohol-only abuse, those due to parental drug-only abuse, those with both alcohol and drug involvement, and those with neither alcohol nor drug involvement. Following bivariate analysis to examine group differences, survival analysis was utilized to predict reunification rates.

Jody Brook; Thomas P. McDonald; Tom Gregoire; Bill Hindman

2010-01-01

325

Examining Partner and Child Abuse: Are We Ready for a More Integrated Approach to Family Violence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and treatment for partner abuse and child abuse are relatively distinct enterprises, yet when the theoretical and research literatures related to these two forms of family violence are examined together, the likelihood of meaningful associations is strikingly apparent. Partner abuse and child abuse co-occur more often than one might expect by chance, and in the context of overlapping theories

Amy M. Smith Slep; Susan G. O'Leary

2001-01-01

326

Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions for Smoked Substances: 1992 to 2007  

MedlinePLUS

... by 2007, half (50 percent) were for smoked marijuana Over three quarters (76 percent) of female admissions ... the most commonly smoked substance in 1992 while marijuana was the most commonly smoked substance in 2007 ( ...

327

Substance abuse and suicidality in schizophrenia: a common risk factor linked to impulsivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifetime substance abuse comorbidity is frequent in schizophrenic patients, but the clinical correlates remain unclear. We have explored the chronological relations between substance abuse and course of schizophrenia, and compared several clinical characteristics and personality dimensions in 50 schizophrenic patients with or without lifetime substance abuse or dependence. Abuse occurred mainly after the first prodromal symptoms and just before the

Anne Gut-Fayand; Alain Dervaux; Jean-Pierre Olié; Henri Lôo; Marie-France Poirier; Marie-Odile Krebs

2001-01-01

328

Dating Violence and Substance Use in College Students: A Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem among college-aged dating couples. Although substance use has been shown to be associated with dating violence among college students in empirical studies, the use of substances as they relate to dating violence has yet to be systematically reviewed. The purpose of the present manuscript is to review research on dating violence (perpetration and victimization) and substance use (alcohol and drugs). First, theoretical explanations for the association between substances and dating violence are presented. Second, the literature on substance use and dating violence is reviewed. The literature suggests a consistent association between alcohol and dating violence perpetration and victimization, although the association between drug use and dating violence is less clear. Implications of this review for dating violence prevention programming and future research are discussed.

Shorey, Ryan C.; Stuart, Gregory L.; Cornelius, Tara L.

2011-01-01

329

The urban health care clinic and its substance abuse population.  

PubMed

The effect of large numbers of patients with a history of substance abuse upon a health care system is rarely considered, nor is the health care system's response to such a clientele ever assessed. In this preliminary study, the collective effect of large numbers of substance abuse patients upon a clinic serving the urban poor and homeless is evaluated. The study examines the types of problems patients present to the clinic and the health care response, in terms of diagnoses and treatment plans, provided by the clinic. Using a random sample of 163 medical records, a retrospective analysis of reasons for visit, diagnoses and treatment plans was performed. Results indicated that patients with a history of substance abuse were more likely to present with chronic complaints and were not frequent return visitors to the clinic. No significant differences in either diagnoses or treatment plans for patients with a history of substance abuse were discovered. The implication of these results for health services provided to urban poor and homeless patients with histories of substance abuse was considered, as were reasons for the type of system response indicated by the results obtained. PMID:1921520

Cahill, D F; Hodgkins, B J

1991-10-01

330

SUBSTANCE ABUSE TRENDS IN TEXAS: JUNE 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report updates indicators of drug abuse in Texas since the June 2007 report and describes trends by calendar year from 1987 through 2007. Important changes include increases in heroin inhalation by younger Hispanics. This was first noticed with the \\

JANE C. MAXWELL; GULF COAST

331

Substance Abuse among High-Risk Sexual Offenders: Do Measures of Lifetime History of Substance Abuse Add to the Prediction of Recidivism over Actuarial Risk Assessment Instruments?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been relatively little research on the degree to which measures of lifetime history of substance abuse add to the prediction of risk based on actuarial measures alone among sexual offenders. This issue is of relevance in that a history of substance abuse is related to relapse to substance using behavior. Furthermore, substance use has…

Looman, Jan; Abracen, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

332

Inequitable access to substance abuse treatment services in Cape Town, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Despite high levels of substance use disorders in Cape Town, substance abuse treatment utilization is low among people from disadvantaged communities in Cape Town, South Africa. To improve substance abuse treatment utilization, it is important to identify any potential barriers to treatment initiation so that interventions to reduce these barriers can be implemented. To date, substance abuse research has

Bronwyn J Myers; Johann Louw; Sonja C Pasche

2010-01-01

333

Child maltreatment and substance abuse among U.S. Army soldiers.  

PubMed

Although substance abuse has consistently been linked to child maltreatment, no study to date has described the extent of substance abuse among child maltreatment offenders within the military. Analysis of U.S. Army data on all substantiated incidents of parental child maltreatment committed between 2000 and 2004 by active duty soldiers found that 13% of offenders were noted to have been abusing alcohol or illicit drugs at the time of their child maltreatment incident. The odds of substance abuse were increased for offenders who committed child neglect or emotional abuse, but were reduced for child physical abuse. The odds of offender substance abuse nearly tripled in child maltreatment incidents that also involved co-occurring spouse abuse. Findings include a lack of association between offender substance abuse and child maltreatment recurrence, possibly because of the increased likelihood of removal of offenders from the home when either substance abuse or spouse abuse were documented. PMID:18344494

Gibbs, Deborah A; Martin, Sandra L; Johnson, Ruby E; Rentz, E Danielle; Clinton-Sherrod, Monique; Hardison, Jennifer

2008-03-14

334

Prevention of Adolescent Reoccurring Violence and Alcohol Abuse: A Multiple Site Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Prevention of Adolescent Reoccurring Violence and Alcohol Abuse: A Multiple Site Evaluation” is a multiple component alcohol abuse and violent behavior prevention strategy, targeted to adolescents ages 16–21 who have high levels of anger, or who are victims\\/perpetrators of violence, and their families. Three community centers located in upstate New York provided group participants (N = 210) known to have

John S. Wodarski

2010-01-01

335

Violence among Family Members of Children and Adolescents Evaluated for Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The two aims of this study were to: (1) describe the prevalence and characteristics of domestic adult and child physical violence in the homes of children and adolescents evaluated in a specialized sexual abuse clinic and (2) describe parent or caretaker responses to domestic adult and child violence and child sexual abuse, including…

Kellogg, Nancy D.; Menard, Shirley W.

2003-01-01

336

Love on the Rocks: Domestic Violence and Alcohol Abuse in Rural Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

I use experimental data for the evaluation of Oportunidades to study the determinants of domestic violence and alcohol abuse. The program, a combination of cash transfers to women and human capital investments, decreases husbands' alcohol abuse by 15% and changes their aggressive behavior depending on transfer size, husbands' education, and spousal age gap. While small transfers decrease violence by 37%

Manuela Angelucci

2008-01-01

337

A National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment for Juvenile Offenders  

PubMed Central

Despite consensus about the value of substance abuse treatment for delinquent youth, information about its prevalence and availability is inadequate and inconsistent. This paper presents findings about treatment and other correctional service provision from a national survey of directors of 141 juvenile institutional and community corrections facilities. Educational/GED programming and drug and alcohol education were the most prevalent types of correctional and substance abuse services. Other common services included physical health services and mental health assessment, provided to about 60% of youth across facilities, and mental health counseling, life and communication skills, and anger management, provided to about half the youth. Substance abuse treatment, as with most other services, were more prevalent in large, state-funded residential facilities (where 66% provided treatment), than local detention centers (20%) and community corrections facilities (56%). More detailed data showed that the number of youth attending treatment in all types of facilities on any given day was very low.

Young, Douglas W.; Dembo, Richard; Henderson, Craig E.

2008-01-01

338

[Treatment program for dual-diagnosis substance abusers].  

PubMed

Dual-diagnosis mentally ill patients, i.e. those characterized with substance abuse problems combined with mental health problems, are a challenge both for systems treating substance abusers and for mental health services. These patients are not easily integrated in either of these healthcare systems and/or are treated only for one aspect of their problem by each of these systems. For such patients it is necessary to create a separate treatment model, combining care of the problem of substance abuse and attention to the patient's mental pathology, according to his individual personality traits. For purposes of this programme a treatment setting operating on the model of a therapeutic community is proposed. This setting will open an affiliated treatment programme for dual-diagnosed patients in a separate treatment programme that is not part of the therapeutic community but will be affiliated with it and will accept dual-diagnosis patients. PMID:18421927

Kandel, Isack

339

Identifying substance abusing delivering women: consequences for child maltreatment reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The major objective was to determine how and the extent to which SB2669, which requires the identification of substance abusing delivering women, affected the number of children reported for abuse or neglect in several California counties.Method: A monthly time-series model from April 1988 to December 1995 was constructed. The idea underlying the model was that month-to-month changes in the

Vicky Albert; Dorie Klein; Amanda Noble; Elaine Zahand; Sue Holtby

2000-01-01

340

Aggression and Violence in Households of Crack Sellers/Abusers  

PubMed Central

While the consequences of aggression and violence in family settings have been extensively documented, the intergenerational processes by which such behaviors are modeled, learned, and practiced have not been firmly established. This research was derived from a larger ethnographic study of crack sellers and their family systems and provides a case study of one kin network in Harlem where many adults were actively involved in alcohol and hard drug use and sales. “Illuminating episodes” suggest the various processes by which aggression and violence were directly modeled by adults and observed and learned by children. Aggression and violent behavior were entrenched in the Jones and Smith family, as was drug consumption and sales. Adults often fought over drugs or money and feuded while under the influence of crack and alcohol. They used aggression and violence against family members as retribution or punishment for previous aggressive and violent acts. Aggressive language and excessive profanity were routine adult behaviors and a major means of communication; jokes and insults led to arguments, often followed by fights. Most adults who were abused physically or sexually as children did the same to their own as when one mother was knifed by her daughter. Children rarely obtained special attention and support and had almost no opportunity to learn nonaggressive patterns. Rather, youths learned to model adult behaviors, such that the intergenerational transmission of aggression and violence was well established in this kin network.

DUNLAP, ELOISE; JOHNSON, BRUCE D.; RATH, JULIA W.

2009-01-01

341

Current developments in psychosocial treatments of alcohol and substance abuse.  

PubMed

This article reviews recent findings and new developments in alcohol and substance abuse treatment over the past 2 years. Outcome results from two large clinical trials: Project MATCH (Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity) for alcohol dependent patients; and the National Institute on Drug Abuse Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study for cocaine dependent patients; and the naturalistic Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study have yielded important results on the possibility of patient treatment matching. The promising community reinforcement approaches have been expanded to opiate dependent and homeless populations. Finally, a number of studies point to the important role of self-help groups and the power of 12-step-based treatment approaches. PMID:11122922

Siqueland, L; Crits-Christoph, P

1999-12-01

342

Cultural Accommodation of Substance Abuse Treatment for Latino Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Collaborating with community stakeholders is an often suggested step when integrating cultural variables into psychological treatments for members of ethnic minority groups. However, there is a dearth of literature describing how to accomplish this process within the context of substance abuse treatment studies. This paper describes a qualitative study conducted through a series of focus groups with stakeholders in the Latino community. Data from focus groups were used by researchers to guide the integration of cultural variables into an empirically-supported substance abuse treatment for Latino adolescents currently being evaluated for efficacy. A model for culturally accommodating empirically-supported treatments for ethnic minority participants is also described.

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason; Martinez, Charles; Hops, Hyman; Wrona, Megan

2011-01-01

343

The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Animal AbuseAn Australian Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several North American studies have found a connection between domestic violence and animal abuse. This article reports on the first Australian research to examine this connection. A group of 102 women recruited through 24 domestic violence services in the state of Victoria and a nondomestic violence comparison group (102 women) recruited from the community took part in the study. Significantly

Anne M. Volant; Judy A. Johnson; Eleonora Gullone; Grahame J. Coleman

2008-01-01

344

The Relationship between Domestic Violence and Animal Abuse: An Australian Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several North American studies have found a connection between domestic violence and animal abuse. This article reports on the first Australian research to examine this connection. A group of 102 women recruited through 24 domestic violence services in the state of Victoria and a nondomestic violence comparison group (102 women) recruited from…

Volant, Anne M.; Johnson, Judy A.; Gullone, Eleonora; Coleman, Grahame J.

2008-01-01

345

Fear as a Mediator for the Relationship Between Child Sexual Abuse and Victimization of Relationship Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been identified as a predictor for dating violence victimization; however, the mechanism for this relationship is unexplored. The current study examined whether fearful dating experiences may help explain the relationship between CSA and dating violence victimization. Participants (N ?=?327 college women) completed self-report measures of CSA, fearful dating experiences, and dating violence. In a mediational

Emilio C. Ulloa; Kimberly Baerresen; Audrey Hokoda

2009-01-01

346

Enhancing Substance Abuse Treatment Engagement in Incarcerated Adolescents  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine whether motivational interviewing (MI), compared with an attention control condition (relaxation training [RT]) enhances substance abuse treatment engagement in incarcerated adolescents. At the start of incarceration, adolescents were randomly assigned to individually administered MI or RT. Subsequently, therapists and adolescents (N = 130) rated degree of adolescent participation in the facility's standard care group-based treatments targeting crime and substance use. All adolescents received the facility standard care treatment after their individual MI or RT session. MI statistically significantly mitigated negative substance abuse treatment engagement. Other indicators of treatment engagement were in the expected direction; however, effect sizes were small and nonsignificant. These findings are significant, given concerns regarding the deleterious effects of treating delinquent adolescents in groups and the potential for adolescents to reinforce each other's negative behavior, which in turn may lead to escalated substance use and other delinquent behaviors after release.

Stein, L. A. R.; Monti, Peter M.; Colby, Suzanne M.; Barnett, Nancy P.; Golembeske, Charles; Lebeau-Craven, Rebecca; Miranda, Robert

2009-01-01

347

[Empirical data regarding the relationship between religiosity and substance abuse].  

PubMed

Research concerning the topic of possible association of religiosity and substance use has already brought forth a significant amount of data, identifying strong belief in a religion as a protective factor in most cases. However, as in all other subject areas dealing with correlations between religion and health components, the issue of religiosity and substance (ab)use also produced some conflicting findings, hindering the formulation of a clear and stable consensus interpretation of this relationship. The aim of our examination was to provide empirical data for clarifying uncertainties about the possible effects of religiosity on substance use by examining a sample which is remarkable in Hungary: 1337 clinically diagnosed drug abuser patients and 205 normal controls. Based on our results we suggest some changes on the general approach of the effect of religiosity on substance use. PMID:23429335

Farkas, Lajos; Czobor, Pál; Gerevich, József

2012-01-01

348

Exposure to environmental risk factors and parenting attitudes among substance-abusing women.  

PubMed

This study examined the amount of exposure to negative environmental risks and their association with parenting attitudes among a group of inner city substance-abusing women. Mothers (N = 198) were recruited at delivery and were part of a randomized longitudinal intervention study for substance-abusing women and their infants. When the infants were 18 months old, a cumulative environmental risk score was calculated for each mother based on nine factors: violence (both domestic and environmental), depression, homelessness, incarceration, number of children, life stress, psychiatric problems, and absence of significant other. Based on their cumulative scores, mothers were placed in a low (N = 106) or high environmental risk group (N = 92). Mothers in the high-risk group had fewer years of education and were younger when their first child was born. Multivariate analyses indicate that mothers in the high-risk group had significantly worse scores on parenting attitude scales. Given the current state of welfare reform, it is important to determine which factors besides maternal substance abuse place these mothers at risk for poor parenting. PMID:10718159

Kettinger, L A; Nair, P; Schuler, M E

2000-02-01

349

Dual diagnosis of substance abuse in schizophrenia: prevalence and impact on outcomes.  

PubMed

Comorbid substance abuse disorders have emerged as one of the greatest obstacles to the effective treatment of persons with schizophrenia. Estimates of the prevalence of such comorbidity vary, but as many as half of persons with schizophrenia may suffer from a comorbid drug or alcohol disorder. Younger age, male gender, and lower educational attainment are associated with greater risk for addiction. Persons with schizophrenia and comorbid addiction tend to have an earlier onset of schizophrenia than do those without comorbid addiction. Research does not support a link between specific symptoms of schizophrenia and choice of abused drugs. Rather, drug choice is correlated with the pattern of ambient drug use in the community. Comorbid substance disorders are associated with a variety of poorer outcomes, including increased psychotic symptoms, poorer treatment compliance, violence, housing instability and homelessness, medical problems (including human immunodeficiency virus infection), poor money management, and greater use of crisis-oriented services that result in higher costs of care. Considerable progress has been made over the past decade in understanding the need to integrate substance abuse treatment and mental health treatment to provide more effective care for this population. PMID:10190230

Dixon, L

1999-03-01

350

National Evaluation of the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners Program from Onset to Midpoint. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What is the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) for State Prisoners Program. The Residential Substance Abuse Treatment formula grant funds were designed by Congress to be used to implement residential substance abuse programs providing individual...

D. S. Lipton F. S. Pearson H. K. Wexler

2000-01-01

351

49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...A person who has an active substance abuse disorder shall not be...

2009-10-01

352

49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug...A person who has an active substance abuse disorder shall not be...

2010-10-01

353

Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for employees of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and prohibiting the use of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling,…

Westminster Coll. of Salt Lake City, UT.

354

Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for students of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling, treatment and…

Dublin Univ. (Ireland). Dept. of Teacher Education.

355

Dangerous Liaisons: Substance Abuse and Sex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report takes a comprehensive look at the connections between alcohol, drug use, and sex. Two national data sets on more than 34,000 teenagers and two sets on arrested and incarcerated sex offenders were analyzed. A review of the literature, interviews with experts, and an examination of programs aimed at prevention of abuse were included in…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

356

Vocational Rehabilitation in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research indicates that those who undergo treatment for alcohol and other drug abuse largely have poor work histories and low employment rates, regardless of their education. Relapse rates for individuals in recovery increase when unemployment remains a constant in their lives. Consequently, providing vocational services during treatment may be a…

Machlan, Bonna; Brostrand, H. L.; Benshoff, John J.

2004-01-01

357

Relationship between perceived life satisfaction and adolescents’ substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To explore the relationship between perceived global life satisfaction and selected substance use behaviors among 5032 public high school students.Methods: The 1997 South Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey substance abuse and life satisfaction variables were used. An adjusted polychotomous logistic regression analysis utilizing SAS\\/SUDAAN, revealed a significant race\\/gender interaction. Subsequent multivariate models were constructed individually for four race\\/gender groups.

Keith J Zullig; Robert F Valois; E. Scott Huebner; John E Oeltmann; J. Wanzer Drane

2001-01-01

358

3 CFR 8879 - Proclamation 8879 of October 1, 2012. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...stem the tide of prescription drug abuse through education, monitoring...in preventing drug and alcohol abuse. As our children's first teachers, parents and...about the dangers of substance abuse. Alongside them,...

2013-01-01

359

The Struggling Adolescent: A Social-Phenomenological Study of Adolescent Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A phenomenological investigation was conducted to examine the causal factors of adolescent substance abuse. Results indicated the adolescent substance abuser sees life as a struggle, sees self as an outsider, feels powerless and uses drugs to cope with anxiety. (RC)|

Wolf, Barry M.

1981-01-01

360

Anger Management for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Clients: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual was designed for use by qualified substance abuse and mental health clinicians who work with substance abuse and mental health clients with concurrent anger problems. The manual describes a 12-week cognitive behavioral anger management group t...

M. S. Shopshire P. M. Reilly

2002-01-01

361

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No...

2012-10-01

362

49 CFR 219.102 - Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. 219.102 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Prohibitions § 219.102 Prohibition on abuse of controlled substances. No...

2011-10-01

363

Domestic Violence. Technical Assistance Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Substance abuse has long been recognized as a precipitating factor in many domestic violence incidents. The main type of substance abuse is alcohol usage. Forty-six percent of the offenders reported being dependent on or abusing alcohol, while another 28% were found to be dependent on opiates, cocaine, marijuana, or inhalants. Nearly two-fifths…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

364

The Effect of Integrating Substance Abuse Treatment With Prenatal Care on Birth Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether engaging pregnant substance abusers in an integrated program of prenatal care and substance abuse treatment would improve neonatal outcomes.STUDY DESIGN:The subjects were women who voluntarily enrolled in Project Link, an intensive outpatient substance abuse treatment program at Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI. A total of 87 women received substance abuse treatment in conjunction with their prenatal

Patrick J Sweeney; Rachel M Schwartz; Noreen G Mattis; Betty Vohr

2000-01-01

365

Evaluating and Training Substance Abuse Counselors: A Pilot Study Assessing Standardized Patients as Authentic Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinician training and supervision are needed to transfer evidence-based practices to community-based treatment organizations. Standardized patients (SPs) are used for clinician training and evaluating. However, to be effective for substance abuse counselors, SPs must realistically portray substance abuse treatment clients. The current study assessed authenticity of SPs as substance abuse treatment clients. Twenty-one substance abuse counselors interviewed SP(s) with differing

Holly E. Fussell; Colleen S. Lewy; Bentson H. McFarland

2009-01-01

366

Religious faith and spirituality in substance abuse recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, mental health professionals have begun examining the potential value of religious faith and spirituality in the lives of individuals suffering from a variety of acute and chronic illnesses. This study explored the relation between religious faith, spirituality, and mental health outcomes in 236 individuals recovering from substance abuse. We found that recovering individuals tend to report high levels of

Dustin A Pardini; Thomas G Plante; Allen Sherman; Jamie E Stump

2000-01-01

367

The Substance Abuse Treatment Workforce of South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this paper is to describe characteristics of substance abuse treatment counselors in the Republic of South Africa, including demographics, education, training, and job duties. Counselors recruited from 24 treatment centers completed a survey after signing informed consent. Counselors were primarily female (75%), racially diverse…

Sodano, Ruthlyn; Watson, Donnie W.; Rataemane, Solomon; Rataemane, Lusanda; Ntlhe, Nomvuyo; Rawson, Richard

2010-01-01

368

Medical Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To assess the prevalence and frequency of medical marijuana diversion and use among adolescents in substance abuse treatment and to identify factors related to their medical marijuana use. Method: This study calculated the prevalence and frequency of diverted medical marijuana use among adolescents (n = 164), ages 14-18 years (mean age…

Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Sakai, Joseph T.; Thurstone, Christian; Corley, Robin; Hopfer, Christian

2012-01-01

369

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Stigma Among Soldiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have compared persons in treatment to those not in treatment with regard to perceived stigma. We surveyed soldiers to examine differences in stigma perceptions among those in treatment for substance abuse and\\/or mental health problems (n = 470) and those not in treatment (n = 966). Analyses revealed that soldiers in treatment perceived greater stigma regarding mental health

Kristine L. Rae Olmsted; Janice M. Brown; J. Russ Vandermaas-Peeler; Stephen J. Tueller; Ruby E. Johnson; Deborah A. Gibbs

2011-01-01

370

Simultaneous abuse of different psychoactive substances among adolescents.  

PubMed

Although the drug abuse has been evidenced in every age of the human life, it seems that its occurrence is crucial during adolescence period with its well-known consequences on the further personality development. Adolescents like to experiment with risky lifestyles without adequate knowledge about their possible harmful effects and consequences. International experiences have represented that early onset of the risky behaviour predisposes young persons for serious problems in social, psychological and physical future lives. It has been noticed that adolescents like to combine different psychoactive substances. Therefore the aim of this study was to present the most important and the most actual substances abused by young adolescents together with the substance characteristics. This research included 600 adolescents with the same prevalence regarding age, sex and living zone (rural-urban). Our research showed that simultaneous abuse of various harmful psychoactive substances (polydrug abuse) is the most common (tobacco smoking and cannabis consumption in 75% of cases, alcohol consumption and cannabis consumption in 80% of cases). PMID:16209667

Redzi?, Amira; Licanin, Ifeta; Krosnjar, Sanja

2003-03-01

371

Substance Abuse by Elders and Self-Enhancement Bias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Human service professionals regularly do not recognize the symptoms of substance abuse in older populations and are unlikely to provide intervention. In this study, human service students (N = 242) were given one of three vignettes in which the main character was an 80-year-old man, an 80-year-old woman, or they were asked to imagine themselves…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

2009-01-01

372

Correlates of Burnout in Inpatient Substance Abuse Treatment Therapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies the occupational and personal characteristics and stressors that might be correlated with burnout among inpatient therapists (N=79) in substance abuse treatment facilities. Results show that recovering therapists had a higher sense of personal accomplishment than nonrecovering therapists. Therapists with more social support also…

Elman, Barnett D.; Dowd, Edmund Thomas

1997-01-01

373

Medical Student Views of Substance Abuse Treatment, Policy and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study examined the impact of medical education on students' views of substance abuse treatment, public policy options and training. Method: A longitudinal survey was conducted on a single-class cohort of 101 students in a major American, urban medical school. The survey was administered in the Spring semesters of the first to third…

Agrawal, Shantanu; Everett, Worth W.; Sharma, Sonali

2010-01-01

374

Creating School and Community Partnerships for Substance Abuse Prevention Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews the scope and scale of the problem, explores a transactional view of etiology, and summarizes the prevailing approaches to prevention, exemplary and promising approaches, and standards for research and practice. The authors stress the importance of addressing the complexity of the problem through creation of comprehensive, multifaceted approaches to reduce substance abuse. Effective intervention frameworks are presented

Howard S. Adelman; Linda Taylor

2003-01-01

375

Curricular Guidelines for Pharmacy Education: Substance Abuse and Addictive Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy guidelines for required and elective instructional content concerning substance abuse for pharmacy students is presented. Recommended required content includes psychosocial aspects of drug use; pharmacology and toxicology; identification, intervention, and treatment of addiction; and legal issues.…

Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; And Others

1991-01-01

376

Social Resource Characteristics and Adolescent Substance Abuse Relapse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined social resource network characteristics of adolescent substance abusers (n=19). Perceived similarity to one's social network emerged as important moderator of whether social network provided support to remain abstinent or elevated risk for relapse. Increased perceived support predicted continued posttreatment abstinence when recovering…

Vik, Peter W.; And Others

1992-01-01

377

Therapeutic Community Treatment for Substance Abusers With Antisocial Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared treatment outcomes of substance abusers with and without antisocial personality disorder (APD) randomly assigned to two therapeutic communities, differing primarily in length of inpatient and outpatient treatment. We hypothesized that APD clients would be less likely to complete treatment, more likely to test positive for drugs and recidivate at follow-up, and that APD clients in the Standard

Nena P Messina; Eric D Wish; Susanna Nemes

1999-01-01

378

A Review of Gender Differences among Substance Abusers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a review of various types of literature on gender differences among substance abusers. The authors begin this literature review by summarizing the literature on the differing treatment needs of men and women. The authors continue with a review of the empirically based literature on gender differences in background…

Pelissier, Bernadette; Jones, Nicole

2005-01-01

379

Adolescents and Substance Abuse: Warning Signs and School Counseling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescence is a challenging time for many young persons. Navigating the academic, personal/social, and career planning challenges associated with adolescence indeed is challenging even with excellent school, family, and community support. For those adolescents struggling with substance use and abuse, these challenges become even greater. School…

Fuller, LaShonda B.

2012-01-01

380

Curricular Guidelines for Pharmacy Education: Substance Abuse and Addictive Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy guidelines for required and elective instructional content concerning substance abuse for pharmacy students is presented. Recommended required content includes psychosocial aspects of drug use; pharmacology and toxicology; identification, intervention, and treatment of addiction; and legal issues.…

Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; And Others

1991-01-01

381

Rethinking Rites of Passage: Substance Abuse on America's Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report focuses on the dramatic increase in and intensity of binge drinking (consuming more than five drinks in one sitting) on American college and university campuses--now considered the number one substance abuse problem in American college life. Anecdotal evidence indicates that many students drink more, more frequently, and with the…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

382

Sexual Objectification and Substance Abuse in Young Adult Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectification Theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) provides an important perspective for understanding the experiences of women living in a culture that sexualizes and objectifies the female body. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between interpersonal sexual objectification experiences and women's substance abuse in a…

Carr, Erika R.; Szymanski, Dawn M.

2011-01-01

383

Substance Abuse Prevention and Geography. Teacher's Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide integrates themes of geography with health issues of the 1990s to encourage healthy lifestyles and promote geographic literacy. Designed for use by social studies educators and educators responsible for teaching about substance abuse and related health issues, this guide includes lessons for kindergarten through 12th grade. After an…

Connecticut Geographic Alliance, Storrs.

384

An Aftercare Group Model for Adolescent Substance Abusers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses what makes an aftercare group for adolescent substance abusers function productively and describes the format that seems to work best for young adolescents in an aftercare group. Emphasizes importance of group facilitator skills in areas of leadership, safety, and structure in helping adolescents gain re-identification as abstaining…

Coleman, Sally

1987-01-01

385

Social resource characteristics and adolescent substance abuse relapse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social environment features have been implicated in the addiction relapse process. The present study examined social resource network characteristics of adolescent substance abusers to determine whether the alcohol\\/drug use, perceived similarity and\\/or perceived support of individuals in the social resource network was associated with drug use outcome. Perceived similarity to one's social network emerged as an important moderator of whether

Peter W. Vik; Kenneth L. Grizzle; Sandra A. Brown

1992-01-01

386

State substance abuse and mental health managed care evaluation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The articles in this special section of the Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research (30:1) present results from evaluations of publicly funded managed care initiatives for substance abuse and mental health treatment in Arizona, Iowa, Maryland, and Nebraska. This overview outlines the four managed care programs and summarizes the results from the studies. The evaluations used administrative data and

Dennis McCarty; Joan Dilonardo; Milton Argeriou

2003-01-01

387

Substance Abuse Treatment Clinician Opinions and Infectious Disease Service Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse treatment programs are an important platform for delivery of services for infectious diseases associated with drug and alcohol use. However, important components of infectious disease care are not universally provided. Clinician training often focuses on information about infectious diseases and less attention is paid to provider opinions and attitudes that may be barriers to providing infectious diseases services.

Kathlene Tracy; Lawrence S. Brown; Steven Kritz; Donald Alderson; Jim Robinson; Edmund J. Bini; Michael Levy; Donald Calsyn; Traci Rieckmann; Bret Fuller; Pat McAuliffe; John Rotrosen

2009-01-01

388

Parental consent in adolescent substance abuse treatment outcome studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

No systematic review has focused on parental consenting procedures used in adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes research. To address this gap, we examined parental consenting procedures in adolescent outcome studies (n = 34) published between 1980 and 2007. Although parental consent was required in 89% of adolescent treatment outcome studies we reviewed, consenting procedures were not routinely reported. We argue

Douglas C. Smith; Shamra Boel-Studt; Leah Cleeland

2009-01-01

389

Assessing Released Inmates for Substance-Abuse-Related Service Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High rates of substance abuse and recidivism and limited in-prison and postrelease treatment access and transitional planning complicate community reintegration. Moreover, drug-related health and social problems are related to treatment outcomes. In the framework of risk-responsivity theory and structured, integrated reentry models, this article…

Belenko, Steven

2006-01-01

390

Reasons for Not Receiving Substance Abuse Treatment. The NSDUH Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Studies show that many individuals who have substance use problems do not receive treatment for those problems. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) asks persons aged 12 or older to report on their symptoms of dependence on or abuse of alcoh...

2003-01-01

391

Adults Aged 65 or Older in Substance Abuse Treatment: 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Adults aged 65 to 69 made up the largest part of the substance abuse treatment population aged 65 or older, increasing from 56 percent of older adults in treatment in 1995 to 59 percent in 2005. In each year from 1995 to 2005, alcohol was the most frequen...

2007-01-01

392

Religiosity and Substance Abuse: Need for Systematic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Religion plays a significant role in human life, yet its potential to influence health and health-related conditions is not well studied. This article cites several studies that examine the correlation between religiosity and substance abuse. This article also suggests that more systematic researches are needed to validate the correlation of…

Sharma, Manoj

2006-01-01

393

Structured Stories: Reinforcing Social Skills in Rural Substance Abuse Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how structured stories can be used as a part of a therapy for rural substance abusers and discusses how this approach can complement social skills training. Presents an example of a structured story focused on negative thinking and concludes with a discussion of the possibilities of using structured stories and implications for social…

Leukefeld, Carl G.; Godlaski, Ted; Clark, James; Brown, Cynthia; Hays, Lon

2002-01-01

394

What Perioperative Nurses Need to Know About Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse can occur with legal drugs (eg, alcohol, tobacco, prescription medications), illegal drugs that are purchased on the street, or prescription drugs used for reasons other than health. Alcohol is the most commonly used legal drug, and cocaine, heroin, and marijuana are the most commonly used illegal drugs. Each drug has specific effects on body systems. Some drugs can

Barbara Bailes

1998-01-01

395

Oxford House: Deaf-Affirmative Support for Substance Abuse Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Deaf individuals seeking substance abuse recovery are less likely to have access to treatment and aftercare services because of a lack of culturally and linguistically specific programs and insufficient information about existing services. Previous research indicates that Oxford House, a network of resident-run recovery homes, serves a diverse…

Alvarez, Josefina; Adebanjo, Aderonke M.; Davidson, Michelle K.; Jason, Leonard A.; Davis, Margaret I.

2006-01-01

396

Screening for sexually transmitted infections in substance abuse treatment programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: We evaluated the prevalence of the sexually transmitted infections (STIs) chlamydia and gonorrhea in clients at a methadone maintenance program and a residential detoxification program. Methods: We collected urine specimens for chlamydia and gonorrhea ligase chain reaction testing and assessed sexual, substance abuse and STI histories. Results: Of 700 subject assessments, 490 occurred among detoxification clients and 210 in

Jane M. Liebschutz; Erin P. Finley; Phillip G. Braslins; Demian Christiansen; Nicholas J. Horton; Jeffrey H. Samet

2003-01-01

397

Hope-Focused Interventions in Substance Abuse Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hope is a vital component of psychological healing and plays a critical role in counselling. With despair so prominent for individuals with serious substance abuse problems, the question arises as to how to foster hope in such clients. There are recent suggestions in the general counselling literature that some of the work in counselling involve…

Koehn, Corinne; O'Neill, Linda; Sherry, John

2012-01-01

398

Substance Abuse and Clinical Counseling Students' Characteristics and Career Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students from a master's program in Substance Abuse and Clinical Counseling (SACC) at a midsize southeastern university were surveyed to determine personal characteristics and career goals. Sixty-two of the 68 students currently enrolled in the program volunteered to anonymously complete the questionnaire. The typical profile of the SACC student…

Goodwin, Lloyd R., Jr.; Sias, Shari M.

2007-01-01

399

The Inspiration of Hope in Substance Abuse Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used a grounded theory method to explore how counselors inspire hope in clients struggling with substance abuse. Findings from 10 participants revealed that hope inspiration occurred in 3 phases and consisted of several categories of hope-inspiring processes. Implications for counseling practice, counselor education, and research are…

Koehn, Corinne; Cutcliffe, John R.

2012-01-01

400

Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Organizational Change and Quality of Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Substance abuse treatment agencies serving youth face unique barriers to providing quality care. Interviews with 17 adolescent programs found that family engagement, community involvement, and gender and diversity issues affected treatment delivery. Programs report organizational change efforts with implications for future process improvement…

Rieckmann, Traci; Fussell, Holly; Doyle, Kevin; Ford, Jay; Riley, Katherine J.; Henderson, Stuart

2011-01-01

401

Substance Abuse Counselors and Moral Reasoning: Hypothetical and Authentic Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory study examined the assumption that the level of moral reasoning (Defining Issues Test; J. R. Rest, 1986) used in solving hypothetical and authentic dilemmas is similar for substance abuse counselors (N = 188). The statistical analyses used were paired-sample t tests, Pearson product-moment correlation, and simultaneous multiple…

Sias, Shari M.

2009-01-01

402

Growth and Empowerment for Indigenous Australians in Substance Abuse Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes psychosocial outcomes of an Indigenous residential substance abuse rehabilitation centre in Australia, examines the sensitivity to change of the new Growth and Empowerment Measure (GEM), and explores the degree to which service users value cultural components of the treatment program. Participants were 57 Indigenous and 46…

Berry, Stacey L.; Crowe, T. P.; Deane, F. P.; Billingham, M.; Bhagerutty, Y.

2012-01-01

403

Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review synthesized findings from 17 studies since 1998 regarding evaluation of outpatient treatments for adolescent substance abuse. These studies represented systematic design advances in adolescent clinical trial science. The research examined 46 different intervention conditions with a total sample of 2,307 adolescents. The sample included 7 individual cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) replications (n = 367), 13 group CBT replications (n = 771), 17

Holly Barrett Waldron; Charles W. Turner

2008-01-01

404

Domestic Violence and Intergenerational Rates of Child Sexual Abuse: A Case Record Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using case review at a shelter for battered women and their children, this exploratory study investigated the association between physical abuse, exposure to domestic violence and intergenerational occurrence of child sexual abuse. The charts of 570 children were reviewed in an attempt to explore the relationship between the children's experiences with sexual abuse and their nonoffending parent's own history of

Lisa Avery; K. Dianne Hutchinson; Keitha Whitaker

2002-01-01

405

The Relationship of Animal Abuse to Violence and Other Forms of Antisocial Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Criminal records of 153 animal abusers and 153 control participants were tracked and compared. Animal abusers were more likely to commit property offenses, drug offenses, and public disorder offenses. Thus, results show an association between animal abuse and a variety of antisocial behavior, but not violence alone. Implications of these findings…

Arluke, Arnold; Levin, Jack; Luke, Carter; Ascione, Frank

1999-01-01

406

Prevalence of Substance Abuse Among Patients in General Medical Facilities in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcoholism and other substance abuse continue to be a problem among younger and older populations. The prevalence of substance abuse has only been studied among outpatients and in limited samples of inpatients in Kenya. This study therefore aimed to establish patterns of substance abuse in patients admitted in general medical facilities in Kenya. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)

David M. Ndetei; Lincoln I. Khasakhala; Francisca A. Ongecha-Owuor; Mary W. Kuria; Victoria Mutiso; Donald A. Kokonya

2009-01-01

407

Characteristics of Effective Substance Abuse Prevention Programs for High-Risk Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades have witnessed a rapid development of substance abuse prevention programs. Most efforts to evaluate these programs have been limited to single program studies, and nearly all studies involving multiple drug prevention programs have involved school-based programs for general youth populations. In 1995, the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health

J. Fred Springer; Elizabeth Sale; Jack Hermann; Soledad Sambrano; Rafa Kasim; Mary Nistler

2004-01-01

408

The Relationships between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment and Juvenile Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of mental health and substance abuse treatment in reducing crimes committed by juveniles. The observed high correlations between crime, substance abuse and poor mental health suggests that factors which reduce substance abuse and improve mental health may also be effective in reducing criminal activities. This paper uses detention data in

Alison Evans Cuellar; Sara Markowitz; Anne M. Libby

2003-01-01

409

Smoking cessation during substance abuse treatment: What you need to know  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients in substance abuse treatment frequently smoke cigarettes and often die of tobacco-related causes. Substance abuse treatment programs too often ignore tobacco use. Many patients have expressed interest in stopping smoking, although they may be ambivalent about smoking cessation during substance abuse treatment. This article provides a review of tobacco cessation literature and successful methods of intervention. Research supports two

Catherine Theresa Baca; Carolina E. Yahne

2009-01-01

410

Adolescent Substance Abuse: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies. Maternal & Child Health Technical Information Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The high prevalence of alcohol and substance abuse by adolescents poses a significant threat to the wellness of youth. Adolescents appear to use drugs for a variety of reasons. In addition to the multiple etiologic and risk factors present for substance abuse, there are many pathways teenagers may follow on their way to substance abuse. The…

Werner, Mark J.

411

Mothers in Substance Abuse Treatment: Differences in Characteristics Based on Involvement with Child Welfare Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Problem: Greater awareness of the role of parental substance abuse in child maltreatment makes it imperative that the substance abuse treatment and child welfare systems coordinate services for these parents. Yet little is known about the characteristics of child-welfare involved parents (primarily mothers) who enter into substance abuse

Grella, Christine E.; Hser, Yih-Ing; Huang; Yu-Chuang

2006-01-01

412

Enhancing substance abuse treatment with case management its impact on employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effectiveness of strengths-based case management in assisting persons with substance abuse problems improve employment-related functioning. In a study of 632 veterans seeking treatment for substance abuse problems, Wright State University's Enhanced Treatment Project found that veterans in substance abuse treatment had improved in several areas of employment functioning, including number of days employed. Among clients who

Harvey A. Siegal; James H. Fisher; Richard C. Rapp; Casey W. Kelliher; Joseph H. Wagner; William F. O'Brien; Phyllis A. Cole

1996-01-01

413

Take Action on 5 Policies America Must Adopt To Reduce and Prevent Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Join Together National Policy Panel presents five policies that can help communities reduce and prevent substance abuse. They are: (1) compel substance abuse treatment for criminal offenders; (2) ensure that every person who has an addiction gets treatment; (3) make substance abuse prevention an urgent priority in every community; (4)…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

414

Nutrition education is positively associated with substance abuse treatment program outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope and types of nutrition services provided in substance abuse treatment programs has not been well defined nor has there been an attempt to determine if associations exist between the provision of nutrition services and substance abuse treatment outcomes. The objectives of this study were to assess the provision (use and extent) of nutrition education in substance abuse treatment

Louise P. Grant; Betsy Haughton; Dileep S. Sachan

2004-01-01

415

The Education of Iowa's Professionals in Substance Abuse by Pregnant Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a survey of 115 schools of education and training for health professionals, inquiring into the recognition of substance abuse and substance abuse in pregnancy as a curriculum concern. Although most schools reported that substance abuse falls within their curricula, some respondents requested continuing education on the…

Butler, Mary Alice; And Others

1994-01-01

416

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

2009-07-01

417

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

2010-07-01

418

29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

2013-07-01

419

Perceived Competence in Addressing Student Substance Abuse: A National Survey of Middle School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Student substance abuse is a serious concern for middle school personnel. School counselors are most likely to deliver mental health services, including substance abuse, in school settings. However, limited research is available on the perceived competence of middle school counselors for addressing student substance abuse concerns.…

Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Lopez, Adriana L.; Slagle, Clark P.

2008-01-01

420

Perceived Self-Efficacy of Licensed Counselors to Provide Substance Abuse Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This nationwide, quantitative study documented licensed counselors' perceived self-efficacy of adequately providing substance abuse services. Despite their lack of substance abuse training, counselors were highly confident in their ability to provide quality substance abuse services. Counselor training implications are discussed. (Contains 3…

Chandler, Nichelle; Balkin, Richard S.; Perepiczka, Michelle

2011-01-01

421

Parental Substance Abuse and Child Well-Being: A Consideration of Parents' Gender and Coresidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parental substance abuse is associated with adverse health and developmental outcomes for children. Existing research, however, has not fully explored the relative magnitude of the associations between maternal, paternal, and both parents' substance abuse and child outcomes, nor has it examined these associations in regard to substance abuse

Osborne, Cynthia; Berger, Lawrence M.

2009-01-01

422

Mothers in Substance Abuse Treatment: Differences in Characteristics Based on Involvement with Child Welfare Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: Greater awareness of the role of parental substance abuse in child maltreatment makes it imperative that the substance abuse treatment and child welfare systems coordinate services for these parents. Yet little is known about the characteristics of child-welfare involved parents (primarily mothers) who enter into substance abuse

Grella, Christine E.; Hser, Yih-Ing; Huang; Yu-Chuang

2006-01-01

423

Outcomes from the targeted capacity expansion (TCE) substance abuse treatment program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), in carrying out its mission to improve access to and the quality of substance abuse treatment services, initiated the Targeted Capacity Expansion (TCE) program—a national initiative, to encourage community-based organizations to expand their existing treatment capacity and implement strategies to evaluate treatment outcomes. Additionally, CSAT

Maurice T. Wilson; Robert Atanda; Donna Durant Atkinson; Kevin Mulvey

2005-01-01

424

Economic costs of residential substance abuse treatment for pregnant and parenting women and their children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides basic information about the economic cost of substance abuse treatment provided in 39 demonstration projects funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, under its Residential Women and Children and Pregnant and Postpartum Women (RWC\\/PPW) programs. It integrates data assembled in two studies, a study of annual project

Kenneth Burgdorf; Mary Layne; Tracy Roberts; Dan Miles; James M. Herrell

2004-01-01

425

A Review of Recent Findings on Substance Abuse Treatment for Pregnant Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have brought an increased interest in the treatment needs of pregnant substance abusers. This article reviews the literature on this subject, providing an overview of what is known about the prevalence of substance abuse during pregnancy; the factors in women’s lives, especially pregnant women, that lead to substance abuse and that facilitate and impede treatment success; and the

Embry M. Howell; Nancy Heiser; Mary Harrington

1999-01-01

426

Absenteeism and business costs: does substance abuse matter?  

PubMed

We conducted an empirical test of the assertion that absenteeism related to substance abuse and dependence among workers is an important contributor to the cost of doing business among American companies, a cost sufficient to motivate firms to aggressively intervene to eliminate abuse and dependence among their employees. The results of this analysis, based on relevant national data sets, suggest that such abuse-based absenteeism is, at best, an incidental cost to business and is insufficient to justify significant prophylactic or therapeutic investments of scarce human resource dollars to achieve an abuse and dependence free workplace. These findings force both public and private sector policymakers to turn to a "hazardous use"/"critical incident" rational as the basis of their argument that American business should invest human resource dollars in specific programs and technologies designed to achieve a drug-free workplace. PMID:15723729

Foster, William H; Vaughan, Roger D

2005-01-01

427

Ethnographic Lessons on Substance Use and Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this article is to introduce broadly comparative ethnographic studies on the role of psychoactive substance use. Examples are cited from case studies across Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North, and South America. These varied studies are synthesized to provide the basis for a brief analysis of meaning and function on the integration of use, including ritual and

Peter L. Myers; Victor B. Stolberg

2003-01-01

428

Organizational Determinants of Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment Duration in Women  

PubMed Central

Longer treatment duration has consistently been related to improved substance use outcomes. This study examined how tailored women's programming and organizational characteristics were related to duration in outpatient substance abuse treatment in women. Data were from two waves of a national outpatient substance abuse treatment unit survey (n=571 in 1999/2000, n=566 in 2005). Analyses were conducted separately for methadone and non-methadone programs. Negative binomial regressions tested associations between organizational determinants, tailored programming, and women's treatment duration. Of the tailored programming services, childcare was significantly related to longer duration in the non-methadone programs, but few other organizational factors were. Tailored programming was not associated to treatment duration in methadone programs, but ownership, affiliation, and accreditation were related to longer duration. Study findings suggest evidence for how external relationships related to resources, treatment constraints, and legitimacy may influence women's treatment duration. Methadone programs may be more vulnerable to external influences.

Alexander, Jeffrey A.; Lemak, Christy Harris

2009-01-01

429

Substance Abuse among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7-8 million people in the U.S. with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform…

Chapman, Shawna L. Carroll; Wu, Li-Tzy

2012-01-01

430

An Ecological Approach to Understanding Youth Violence: The Mediating Role of Substance Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors tested an ecological model that posits mediating variables (substance use and mental health) in the association between ecological factors (family closeness, school closeness, and peer closeness) and youth violence in a sample of 4,783 adolescents. Models including substance use present significantly less total effect between ecological factors and youth violence than do models without substance use. Additional probing

Sung Seek Moon; Joy Patton; Uma Rao

2010-01-01

431

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Substance Abuse Patients: Relationship to 1Year Posttreatment Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse (SA–PTSD) diagnoses were compared with patients with only substance use diagnoses (SA only) and those with substance abuse and Axis I psychiatric diagnoses other than PTSD (SA–PSY) on outcomes 1 year after substance abuse treatment. At follow-up, patients with PTSD reported more problems that directly resulted from substance use, had more

Paige Crosby Ouimette; Courtney Ahrens; Rudolf H. Moos; John W. Finney

1997-01-01

432

Effects of Childhood Abuse on Relapse in a Recently Homeless Substance-Dependent Veteran Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of childhood abuse, both childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical abuse (CPA), is well documented. Both CSA and CPA have been associated with a number of mental health difficulties, including substance dependence. Though the association between abuse and mental health problems is well documented, what has received little attention is the impact that abuse histories may have

Elizabeth A. Garcia-Rea; James P. LePage

2010-01-01

433

Acute respiratory failure from abused substances.  

PubMed

Acute respiratory failure is a common complication of drug abuse. It is more likely to develop in the setting of chronic lung disease or debility in those with limited respiratory reserve. Drugs may acutely precipitate respiratory failure by compromising respiratory pump function and/or by causing pulmonary pathology. Polysubstance overdoses are common, and clinicians should anticipate complications related to multiple drugs. Impairment of respiratory pump function may develop from central nervous system (CNS) depression (suppression of the medulla oblongata, stroke or seizures) or respiratory muscle fatigue (increased respiratory workload, metabolic acidosis). Drug-related respiratory pathology may result from parenchymal (aspiration-related events, pulmonary edema, hemorrhage, pneumothorax, infectious and non-infectious pneumonitides), airway (bronchospasm and hemorrhage), or pulmonary vascular insults (endovascular infections, hemorrhage, and vasoconstrictive events). Alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, opiates, and benzodiazepines are the most commonly abused drugs that may induce events leading to acute respiratory failure. While decontamination and aggressive supportive measures are indicated, specific therapies to correct seizures, metabolic acidosis, pneumothorax, infections, bronchospasm, and agitation should be considered. Drug-related respiratory failure when due to CNS depression alone may portend well, but in patients with drug-related significant pulmonary pathology, a protracted course of illness may be anticipated. PMID:15296619

Wilson, Kevin C; Saukkonen, Jussi J

434

Medical Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the prevalence and frequency of medical marijuana diversion and use among adolescents in substance abuse treatment and to identify factors related to their medical marijuana use. Method This study calculated the prevalence and frequency of diverted medical marijuana use among adolescents (N = 164), ages 14–18 (x? age = 16.09, SD = 1.12), in substance abuse treatment in the Denver metropolitan area. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were completed to determine factors related to adolescents' use of medical marijuana. Results Approximately 74% of the adolescents had used someone else's medical marijuana and they reported using diverted medical marijuana a median of 50 times. After adjusting for gender and race/ethnicity, adolescents who used medical marijuana had an earlier age of regular marijuana use, more marijuana abuse and dependence symptoms, and more conduct disorder symptoms compared to those who did not use medical marijuana. Conclusions Medical marijuana use among adolescent patients in substance abuse treatment is very common, implying substantial diversion from registered users. These results support the need for policy changes that protect against diversion of medical marijuana and reduce adolescent access to diverted medical marijuana. Future studies should examine patterns of medical marijuana diversion and use in general population adolescents.

Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Sakai, Joseph T.; Thurstone, Christian; Corley, Robin; Hopfer, Christian

2012-01-01

435

Suicidal thoughts related to psychoactive substance abuse among adolescents.  

PubMed

The enquiry of suicide is of particular importance. According to WHO statistics suicide in people aged from 15 to 24 years has shown the greatest increase of relative mortality. In the group of suicidal adolescents, depression, behavioural disorders, abuse of different substances and personality deviations are frequent factors in presence. The aim of our investigation was to determine the correlation between psychoactive substance abuse and the occurrence of suicidal thoughts in adolescents. The specific "Q 2000" test was used to question 600 adolescents, from Tuzla and Sarajevo Cantons, with the same gender and age distribution and rural-urban ambient. The more prevailing suicidal idea occurrence was observed in cannabis abusers (50.0%) and alcohol abusers (36.6%) in comparison to non-abusers regardless gender and/or living ambient (settlement types) (19.5% and 17.6% per each, x2 = 17.184 p = 0.00001). The augmentation in number of suicidal ideas was not observed in tobacco smokers. PMID:14528719

Licanin, Ifeta; Music, Emina; Laslo, Erdes; Berg-Kelly, Kristina; Masic, Izet; Redzic, Amira; Vejzagic, Anesa; Krosnjar, Sanja

2003-01-01

436

A treatment for substance abusing pregnant women.  

PubMed

We describe the adaptation of a manualized behavioral treatment for substance using pregnant women that includes components of motivational interviewing and cognitive therapy. In a pilot study conducted in 2006-2007, five non-behavioral health clinicians were trained to provide the treatment to 14 women. Therapy was administered concurrent with routine prenatal care at inner-city maternal health clinics in New Haven and Bridgeport, Connecticut, small urban cities in the USA. Substance use was monitored by self report, and urine and breath tests. Treatment fidelity was assessed using the Yale Adherence and Competence System. Behavioral treatment delivery in this setting is feasible and is being evaluated in a randomized, controlled, clinical trial. PMID:19350369

Yonkers, Kimberly Ann; Howell, Heather B; Allen, Amy E; Ball, Samuel A; Pantalon, Michael V; Rounsaville, Bruce J

2009-04-07

437

Advances in Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Alcohol and other drug use among adolescents has been a public health problem for decades. Although some substance use may be developmentally routine, a concerning number of adolescents meet criteria for a substance use disorder and could greatly benefit from a quality treatment experience. However, parents and health care providers want evidence of the efficacy of adolescent-specific treatment programs. This review summarizes four factors surrounding the efficacy of current adolescent treatment programs: 1) adolescent-specific treatment services; 2) the variety of therapeutic modalities; 3) relapse and recovery rates; and 4) the need for evidence-based, quality assessments and research. Current adolescent treatment efforts are summarized, and the recent literature regarding the efficacy of adolescent treatment and recovery rates is discussed.

Botzet, Andria M.; Fahnhorst, Tamara

2011-01-01

438

Latino/as in Substance Abuse Treatment: Substance Use Patterns, Family History of Addiction and Depression  

PubMed Central

This study describes a sample of Latino/as in substance abuse treatment. We were interested in substance use patterns, gender differences, family history of addiction and depression. Questionnaires completed by Latino/as (N = 209) were identified from 12,000 sets completed by participants in treatment from 1993-2003. Significant gender differences emerged with Latinas reporting higher rates of stimulant use and depression. A family history of substance use disorders in primary and/or secondary family members was reported by 91% of participants. These data suggest that understanding gender differences related to substance use and depression among Latino/as in treatment warrants attention.

Rojas, Julio I.; Hallford, Gene; Brand, Michael W.; Tivis, Laura J.

2012-01-01

439

Negative Urgency, Distress Tolerance, and Substance Abuse Among College Students  

PubMed Central

Objective Negative affect has been consistently linked with substance use/problems in prior research. The present study sought to build upon these findings by exploring how an individual’s characteristic responding to negative affect impacts substance abuse risk. Trait negative affect was examined in relation to substance abuse outcomes along with two variables tapping into response to negative affect: Distress Tolerance, an individual’s perceived ability to tolerate negative affect, and Negative Urgency, the tendency to act rashly while experiencing distress. Method Participants were 525 first-year college students (48.1% male, 81.1% Caucasian), who completed self-report measures assessing personality traits and alcohol-related problems, and a structured interview assessing past and current substance use. Relations were tested using Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial regression models, and each of the personality variables was tested in a model on its own, and in a model where all three traits were accounted for. Results Negative Urgency emerged as the best predictor, relating to every one of the substance use outcome variables even when trait negative affect and Distress Tolerance were accounted for. Conclusions These findings suggest that Negative Urgency is an important factor to consider in developing prevention and intervention efforts aimed at reducing substance use and problems.

Kaiser, Alison J.; Milich, Richard; Lynam, Donald R.; Charnigo, Richard J.

2012-01-01

440

Substance abuse in the workplace: epidemiology, effects, and industry response.  

PubMed

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) reveals self-reported information on illicit drug and alcohol use among full-time, part-time, and unemployed U.S. workers, including information on workplace policies, workers' health, productivity, absenteeism, job turnover rates, accidents, and injuries. Selected statistics from 1985, 1993, and 1999 NHSDAs are reviewed in this chapter, with focus on the effectiveness and outcomes of a comprehensive Drug-Free Workplace Program, including industry and employee response and the effects of a drug testing program. PMID:11726333

Bush, Donna M; Autry, Joseph H

441

Women and Addiction: The Importance of Gender Issues in Substance Abuse Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use was considered to be primarily a male problem, and many substance abuse studies are conducted with a predominance of male participants. However, recent substance abuse research indicates significant gender differences in the substance-related epidemiology, social factors and characteristics, biological responses, progressions to dependence, medical consequences, co-occurring psychiatric disorders, and barriers to treatment entry, retention, and completion. The epidemiology

Ellen Tuchman

2010-01-01

442

[Anesthesiological management of the drug-abusing parturient: relevance of maternal substance abuse for obstetric anesthesia].  

PubMed

Most of the female consumers of legal and illegal substances are of childbearing age. Occasional use, use disorder and addiction commonly devolve into each other. A lot of young women quit consuming when planning a family or at the latest with the knowledge of pregnancy. The ongoing substance abuse during pregnancy requires a coordinated interdisciplinary collaboration for a sufficient care of these highly complex and individual cases. PMID:22020568

Kork, Felix; Kleinwächter, Robin; Kaufner, Lutz; Weib-Gerlach, Edith; Siedentopf, Jan-Peter; Spies, Claudia

2011-10-21

443

The one-year prospective prediction of substance abuse and dependence among high-risk adolescents.  

PubMed

The present study examined 1-year prospective predictors of self-reported substance abuse and dependence among a sample of 702 youths at high risk for drug abuse from 21 southern California continuation high schools. Triadic influence theory was used as a theoretical guide. Predictors were selected as measures of triadic influence theory. Among 13 predictors, a drug use and intention index, and concern that one is or will become an addict or alcoholic, were consistently predictive of self-reported substance abuse or substance dependence 1 year later, controlling for baseline abuse or dependence status. In addition, baseline substance abuse, White ethnicity, and relatively poor prosocial coping predicted later substance dependence. Apparently, adolescents can predict their future use, and abuse or dependence status. Also, instruction in prosocial coping (e.g., seeking social support) may help inhibit the transition from substance abuse to substance dependence. PMID:11452840

Sussman, S; Dent, C W; Leu, L

2000-01-01

444

Supporting the need for an integrated system of care for youth with co-occurring traumatic stress and substance abuse problems.  

PubMed

Adolescents are at high risk for violence exposure and initiation of drug use. Co-occurring substance use and trauma exposure are associated with increased risk of mental health disorders, school underachievement, and involvement with multiple systems of care. Coordination and integration of systems of care are of utmost importance for these vulnerable youth. This study delineates the negative sequelae and increased service utilization patterns of adolescents with a history of trauma, substance abuse, and co-occurring trauma and substance abuse to support the need for integrated mental health and substance abuse services for youth. Data from two national sources, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network and Center for Substance Abuse Treatment demonstrate the increased clinical severity (measured by reports of emotional and behavioral problems), dysfunction, and service utilization patterns for youth with co-occurring trauma exposure and substance abuse. We conclude with recommendations for an integrated system of care that includes trauma-informed mental health treatment and substance abuse services aimed at reducing the morbidity and relapse probability of this high-risk group. PMID:21837575

Suarez, Liza M; Belcher, Harolyn M E; Briggs, Ernestine C; Titus, Janet C

2012-06-01

445

National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence. Polyvictimization: Children's Exposure to Multiple Types of Violence, Crime, and Abuse. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All too often, children are victims of violence, crime, and abuse. This victimization may take the form of physical assault, child maltreatment, sexual abuse, or bullying. They may also witness such events in their homes, schools, and communities. Some ch...

D. Finkelhor H. Turner R. Ormrod S. Hamby

2011-01-01

446

Stalking and serious violence.  

PubMed

Studies of violence in stalking have treated interpersonal violence as a homogeneous phenomenon. This study was conducted to ascertain whether the associations of serious violence in stalking are the same as those of general violence in stalking. Of 85 stalkers referred to a forensic service, those who had committed acts of serious violence (homicide and serious assaults) were compared with those who had not on preselected clinical, demographic, and criminological variables. Associations of serious violence were found to differ from those reported for general violence. In particular, serious violence was significantly associated with an absence of criminal convictions and the presence of employment. There was no association with substance abuse, previous convictions for violence, or personality disorder. Different degrees of violence have different associations. This has implications for the development of violence prediction instruments and for violence prevention in stalking. PMID:14974798

James, David V; Farnham, Frank R

2003-01-01

447

Violent crime and substance abuse: a medico-legal comparison between deceased users of anabolic androgenic steroids and abusers of illicit drugs.  

PubMed

Several case reports and survey studies have indicated that abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) often leads to increased aggressiveness and feelings of hostility that may occasionally trigger violent behaviour. Other observations indicate that many users of AAS also abuse alcohol and/or various illegal substances. Since substance abuse is a well-known risk factor for violent behaviour, it could be that violence committed by AAS users might, at least in many cases, actually be caused by abuse of other drugs. In order to examine this possibility further here, the criminal histories (in terms of incidences of convictions) of deceased users of AAS with (AASpos-subst.pos) and without (AASpos-subst.neg) signs of abuse of other illegal substances were compared to the corresponding histories of deceased users of illicit substances testing negatively for AAS (subst.pos-AASneg) at the time of autopsy. The risk of being convicted for a crime against property was significantly higher in the subst.pos-AASneg group than in either the AASpos-subst.neg or AASpos-subst.pos groups (RR=0.048 versus 0.408). At the same time, the risk of being convicted for a crime of violence was at least as high for the two AAS-positive groups as for the AAS-negative group. Furthermore, when compared with the first 3 years after the first criminal conviction, a pronounced increase in the proportion of incidence of violent crimes and a marked reduction in the proportion of incidence of crime against property was observed during the 3-year period immediately preceding death only among the AASpos-subst.neg subjects. In conclusion, the incidence of violent crime among users of AAS without signs of other drug abuse was comparable to the corresponding incidences for drug addicts without AAS use. This observation suggests that the violent criminality observed among AAS users is not confounded in any systematic fashion by abuse of other drugs. The findings also indicate that use of AAS in certain predisposed individuals might cause a high rate of violent crimes, especially if the use of AAS is combined with the use of other illegal substances. PMID:17337333

Klötz, Fia; Petersson, Anna; Isacson, Dag; Thiblin, Ingemar

2007-03-02

448

Screening for Co-Occurring Intimate Partner Abuse and Substance Abuse: Challenges Across Service Delivery Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use problems among women survivors of intimate partner abuse (IPA) present unique challenges in screening for the co-occurrence of these 2 issues. The lack of coordinated efforts and integrated services is startling given the prevalence and subsequent risks among those who suffer at the crossroads of these 2 complex and interrelated problems. This article critically examines the issues in

Dawnovise N. Fowler

2009-01-01

449

An approach to the patient with substance use and abuse.  

PubMed

Substance use is ubiquitous among medically ill patients. The 2008 National Survey on Drug Abuse and Health survey estimated that 20.1 million Americans aged 12 years or older (8% of the US population) had used an illicit drug during the preceding month. Some licit substances also create havoc. The survey found that slightly more than half (56%) of Americans reported being current drinkers of alcohol. A total of 6.2 million (2.5%) Americans used prescription-type psychotherapeutic drugs for nonmedical purposes and 70.9 million Americans (or 28.4%) used tobacco during the survey period. Substance abuse problems were diagnosed in up to 36% of medically hospitalized patients for whom a psychiatric consultation was requested. Given how prevalent the use of substances is among the medically ill and their potential effect on comorbid medical conditions, it is important for physicians to be mindful of their prevalence and presentation. This article covers the presenting symptoms of intoxication and withdrawal states, addresses the acute management of the most commonly encountered substances, and summarizes all others in a table. PMID:20951277

Maldonado, Jose R

2010-11-01

450

Glutamate Neurotransmission in Psychotic Disorders and Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

Psychotropic substance abuse and addiction are very prevalent among individuals with major psychiatric disorders world wide. However, this significant association is poorly explained. The dopaminergic circuits have been implemented in addiction as well as in schizophrenia. Recently the important role of glutamatergic neurotransmission has gained attention and current theoretical models of psychosis and substance abuse support the role of interactions between glutamate and other neurotransmitters in the patho-physiology of both disorders. However, the identification of the underlying genetic risk factors remains challenging and not a single genomic variant has been identified with certainty, possibly due to important limitations of the methods used. Clinical trials with glutamatergic neurotransmission modulators, even though still controversial, support the role of glutamate in psychosis and justify further research.

Kerner, Berit

2009-01-01

451

The Implementation of Smoking Cessation Counseling in Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Research on the implementation of smoking cessation counseling within substance abuse treatment organizations is limited. This study examines associations among counselors’ implementation of therapy sessions dedicated to smoking cessation, organizational factors, and counselor-level variables. A two-level hierarchical linear model including organization- and counselor-level variables was estimated using survey data collected from 1,794 counselors working in 359 treatment organizations. Overall implementation of smoking cessation counseling was low. In the final model, implementation was positively associated with counselors’ knowledge of the Public Health Service’ s clinical practice guideline, perceived managerial support, and belief that smoking cessation had a positive impact on recovery. Private versus public funding and presence of a formal smoking cessation program were organization-level variables which interacted with these counselor-level effects. These results highlight the importance of organizational contexts as well as counselors’ knowledge and attitudes for effective implementation of smoking cessation counseling in substance abuse treatment organizations.

Studts, Christina R.; Studts, Jamie L.

2011-01-01

452

Case management services for adolescent substance abusers: a program description.  

PubMed

A case management model for adolescent substance abusers whose problems are severe enough to warrant residential treatment is presented, based on the experience of a demonstration project. The five integral functions of case management (assessment, planning, linking, advocacy, and support) are described within the framework of each phase of an adolescent's treatment program (screening, residential treatment, and continuing care). Detailed descriptions of case management activities and the philosophy underlying case management are addressed. The integrated client tracking and program evaluation monitoring system developed for the case management project is described, and evaluation data are presented. Among the advantages case managers are able to offer to the entire treatment process include encouragement of family involvement in the youth's recovery; providing support; tracking substance abuse relapse episodes following treatment; connecting the youth with school, work, and community resources; and helping youth to fulfill legal obligations. PMID:7966501

Godley, S H; Godley, M D; Pratt, A; Wallace, J L

453

The implementation of smoking cessation counseling in substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

Research on the implementation of smoking cessation counseling within substance abuse treatment organizations is limited. This study examines associations among counselors' implementation of therapy sessions dedicated to smoking cessation, organizational factors, and counselor-level variables. A two-level hierarchical linear model including organization- and counselor-level variables was estimated using survey data collected from 1,794 counselors working in 359 treatment organizations. Overall implementation of smoking cessation counseling was low. In the final model, implementation was positively associated with counselors' knowledge of the Public Health Service's clinical practice guideline, perceived managerial support, and belief that smoking cessation had a positive impact on recovery. Private versus public funding and presence of a formal smoking cessation program were organization-level variables which interacted with these counselor-level effects. These results highlight the importance of organizational contexts as well as counselors' knowledge and attitudes for effective implementation of smoking cessation counseling in substance abuse treatment organizations. PMID:21647812

Knudsen, Hannah K; Studts, Christina R; Studts, Jamie L

2012-01-01

454

Substance abuse prevention in American Indian and Alaska Native communities.  

PubMed

In this article we review three categories of American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) substance abuse prevention programs: (1) published empirical trials; (2) promising programs published and unpublished that are in the process of development and that have the potential for empirical trials; and (3) examples of innovative grassroots programs that originate at the local level and may have promise for further development. AIAN communities are taking more and more independent control of substance abuse prevention. We point out that European American prevention scientists are largely unaware of the numerous grassroots prevention work going on in AIAN communities and urge a paradigm shift from adapting European American prevention science "best practices" to creating cultural "best practices" by working from inside AIAN communities. PMID:22931077

Whitbeck, Les B; Walls, Melissa L; Welch, Melissa L

2012-09-01

455

The Dynamic Assessment and Referral System for Substance Abuse (DARSSA): Development, functionality, and end-user satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dynamic Assessment and Referral System for Substance Abuse (DARSSA) conducts a computerized substance abuse assessment; prints personalized summary reports that include tailored substance abuse treatment referral lists; and, for individuals who provide authorization, automatically faxes their contact information to a “best match” substance abuse treatment provider (dynamic referral). After piloting the program and resolving problems that were noted, we

Edwin D. Boudreaux; Kristyna L. Bedek; Donna Gilles; Brigitte M. Baumann; Steven Hollenberg; Sherrill A. Lord; Grant Grissom

2009-01-01

456

Characteristics of Effective School-Based Substance Abuse Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study summarizes, using meta-analytic techniques, results from 94 studies of school-based prevention activities that examined alcohol or other drug use outcomes. It set out to determine what features of school-based substance abuse prevention programs are related to variability in the size of program effects. It asked (1) Which populations (e.g., high risk vs. general population) should be targeted for

Denise C. Gottfredson; David B. Wilson

2003-01-01

457

Identifying Need for Mental Health Services in Substance Abuse Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Counselor detection of co-occurring disorders is critical to ensuring that clients with mental disorders entering substance abuse treatment receive appropriate care. This study sought to: (1) examine correspondence between client-reported psychiatric symptoms and client and counselor ratings of need for mental health treatment, and (2) explore client- and program-level characteristics associated with client and counselor underrating. Methods: Psychiatric symptoms

Amy A. Mericle; Cherie Martin; Deni Carise; Meghan Love

2012-01-01

458

Substance Abuse Disorders among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents lifetime and 12-month prevalence rates and comorbidity data for substance abuse disorders among homeless and runaway adolescents. Data are from baseline interviews of a longitudinal diagnostic study of 428 (187 males and 241 females) homeless and runaway adolescents aged 16 to 19 years (mean age = 17.4 year, SD = 1.05). The data were collected by full-time

Kurt D. Johnson; Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt

2005-01-01

459

Substance Abuse by Elders and Self-Enhancement Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human service professionals regularly do not recognize the symptoms of substance abuse in older populations and are unlikely to provide intervention. In this study, human service students (N = 242) were given one of three vignettes in which the main character was an 80-year-old man, an 80-year-old woman, or they were asked to imagine themselves at 80. The vignette character was described

Michael N. Kane; Diane Green

2009-01-01

460

Substance abusers' personality disorders and staff members' emotional reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated that aggressive behaviour and DSM-IV cluster B personality disorders (PD) may be associated with professionals' emotional reactions to clients, and that cluster C PD may be associated with positive emotional reactions. METHODS: Staff members recruited from workshops completed a self-report inventory of emotional reactions to patients, the Feeling Word Checklist-58, and substance abusers completed a

Birgitte Thylstrup; Morten Hesse

2008-01-01

461

Contrasting faith-based and traditional substance abuse treatment programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article (a) discusses the definition of faith-based substance abuse treatment programs, (b) juxtaposes Durkheim's theory regarding religion with Simpson (2004) treatment process model to highlight key dimensions of faith-based and traditional programs, and (c) presents results from a study of seven programs to identify key program dimensions and to identify differences\\/similarities between program types. Focus group\\/Concept Mapping techniques yielded

James Alan Neff; Clayton T. Shorkey; Liliane Cambraia Windsor

2006-01-01

462

Comorbidity of substance abuse with other psychiatric disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse is a frequent comorbid condition with other psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia and depression.\\u000a These disorders may share a common substrate at the neurotransmitter or neurocircuit level. One candidate is hypofunction\\u000a of the glutamate system. Several lines of evidence suggest that N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors may hypofunction in\\u000a schizophrenia. Thus, NMDA receptor antagonists are schizophrenogenic; postmortem and imaging results point

Tomas Palomo; Trevor Archer; Richard J. Beninger

2007-01-01

463

The Ecology of Adolescent Substance Abuse Service Utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an ecological-community model toward the explanation of variation in patterns of substance abuse (SA)\\u000a service utilization among adolescents who are enrolled in Tennesssee’s Medicaid program (TennCare). Guided by a theoretical\\u000a framework that draws from the social ecology work of Bronfenbrenner and health services utilization models promoted by Aday\\u000a and Andersen, we apply a social indicators approach toward

Diana L. Jones; Craig Anne Heflinger; Robert C. Saunders

2007-01-01

464

Victimization and perpetration of intimate partner violence and substance use disorders in a nationally representative sample.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perpetration and victimization of physical and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) in the past year and substance use disorders (SUDs) in the past year, including alcohol, sedatives/tranquilizers, cocaine, cannabis, and nicotine stratified according to sex. Data were from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. A series of adjusted logistic regression models were conducted. Among men and women, all types of SUDs were associated with increased odds of IPV perpetration (odds ranging from 1.4 to 8.5 adjusting for sociodemographic variables). IPV victimization increased the odds of having all types of SUDs for male and female victims, with the exception of sedatives/tranquilizer abuse/dependence among women (odds ranging from 1.5 to 6.0 adjusting for sociodemographic variables). Substances that had the most robust relationship with perpetration and victimization of IPV included alcohol and cannabis, after adjusting for sociodemographic variables, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and mutual violence. PMID:22850303

Afifi, Tracie O; Henriksen, Christine A; Asmundson, Gordon J G; Sareen, Jitender

2012-08-01

465

Detecting Domestic Violence: Spanish External Validation of the Index of Spouse Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of the study were to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA),\\u000a and to validate it against external criteria of intimate partner violence. The Spanish version of the ISA was administered\\u000a to 223 non-abused women and 182 victims of intimate partner violence. Internal consistency coefficients oscillated between\\u000a 0.88 and 0.98.

Anna Torres; Purificación Navarro; Lluïsa García-Esteve; Maria Jesús Tarragona; Carlos Ascaso; Zoe Herreras; Estel Gelabert; Maria Luisa Imaz; Alba Roca; Susana Subirà; Rocío Martín-Santos

2010-01-01

466

Two-Year Posttreatment Functioning and Coping of Substance Abuse Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2-year posttreatment course of substance abuse patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined in a multisite evaluation of Veterans Affairs substance abuse treatment. Substance abuse patients with PTSD (SUD-PTSD) were compared with patients with only substance use disorder (SUD only) and patients with other comorbid psychiatric diagnoses (SUD-PSY) on outcomes during the 2 years after treatment. SUD-PTSD patients

Paige Crosby Ouimette; John W. Finney; Rudolf H. Moos

1999-01-01

467

Just say know: an examination of substance use disorders among older adults in gerontological and substance abuse journals.  

PubMed

This article examines the extent to which studies of alcohol abuse, illicit drug use, and prescription drug abuse among older adults appear in the leading gerontological and substance abuse journals. The authors reviewed articles published in the 10 social science gerontological journals and the 10 social science substance abuse journals with the highest 5-year impact factors in PubMed from 2000 to 2010. Articles were selected that presented original research on alcohol, substance, or prescription abuse with older adults aged 50 and older; and were identified through aging and substance abuse-related Medical Subject Headings and word searches of titles and abstracts (N = 634). Full text of each article was reviewed by the authors, and consensus determined inclusion in the final sample. Of the 19,953 articles published respectively in the top 10 gerontological and substance abuse journals, 181 articles met the inclusion criteria of reporting findings related to substance use disorders among older adults. Specifically, 0.9% (102 of 11,700) of articles from the top 10 gerontology journals and 1.0% (79 of 8,253) of articles from the top 10 substance abuse journals met the criteria. Most published articles addressed alcohol misuse/abuse or polysubstance abuse with few articles addressing illicit drug use or the misuse of prescription medications. Less than 1% of articles published in the 10 gerontology journals and the 10 substance abuse journals with the highest 5-year impact scores addressed substance abuse in older adults. Practitioners treating health and/or mental health problems are at a disadvantage in accurately identifying and treating these conditions in older adult populations without a proper understanding of the role of comorbid substance use disorders. PMID:23731426

Rosen, Daniel; Engel, Rafael J; Hunsaker, Amanda E; Engel, Yael; Detlefsen, Ellen Gay; Reynolds, Charles F

2013-01-01

468

Perceptions of domestic violence: the effects of domestic violence myths, victim's relationship with her abuser, and the decision to return to her abuser.  

PubMed

Researchers in this study examined the attitudes toward domestic violence, the victim, and her perpetrator. A total of 194 participants were randomly assigned to one of 4 hypothetical scenarios to evaluate how observers' perceptions were influenced by their own sex and myths about domestic violence, by the victim's decision to return to the abusive relationship, and by the relationship status of the victim (dating or married to the perpetrator). Results demonstrated significant main effects of participant's sex, domestic violence myths, and of the victim's relationship status and decision to return. That is, participants blamed the victim who reportedly returned to her abuser more than the victim about whom there is no such information. Further, participants with greater domestic violence myths tended to blame the victim more than those with less myths, and male participants blamed the victim and minimized the incident more than female participants. Implications, limitations of the study, and future research are discussed. PMID:22628382

Yamawaki, Niwako; Ochoa-Shipp, Monica; Pulsipher, Craig; Harlos, Andrew; Swindler, Scott

2012-05-24

469

Parenting in females exposed to intimate partner violence and childhood sexual abuse.  

PubMed

Child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence may have a significant impact on parenting. The current study expands on existing research by examining the effects of child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence on parenting styles and parenting self-efficacy. In women from a parenting intervention program (n = 20), child sexual abuse was related to lower parenting self-efficacy and more permissive parenting. In women at a domestic violence shelter (n = 45), child sexual abuse was related to current sexual coercion of the partner, and authoritative parenting was related to higher parenting self-efficacy. These results indicate that having a history of child sexual abuse should be taken into consideration when dealing with mothers in violent relationships. PMID:23194141

Jaffe, Anna E; Cranston, Christopher C; Shadlow, Joanna O

2012-01-01

470

Substance abuse and developments in harm reduction  

PubMed Central

A drug is a substance that produces a psychoactive, chemical or medicinal effect on the user. The psychoactive effect of mood-altering drugs is modulated by the user's perception of the risks of drug use, his or her ability to control drug use and the demographic, socioeconomic and cultural context. The ability to control drug use may vary along a continuum from compulsive use at one end to controlled use at the other. The "drug problem" has been socially constructed, and the presence of a moral panic has led to public support for the prohibitionist approach. The legalization approach has severely attacked the dominant prohibitionist approach but has failed to gain much support in society because of its extreme libertarian views. The harm reduction approach, which is based on public health principles, avoids the extremes of value-loaded judgements on drug use and focuses on the reduction of drug-related harm through pragmatic and low-threshold programs. This approach is likely to be important in tackling the drug problem in the 21st century.

Cheung, Y W

2000-01-01

471

Domestic Violence, Parents' View of Their Infant, and Risk for Child Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation used longitudinal data from 181 couples with firstborn infants to test the hypothesis that parents' negative cognitions about the child mediate the effect of domestic violence on risk of child abuse. Analysis of covariance showed that mothers and fathers who experienced domestic violence during the 1st year of their child's life developed a significantly more negative view of

William M. McGuigan; Samuel Vuchinich; Clara C. Pratt

2000-01-01

472

When child abuse overlaps with domestic violence: The factors that influence child protection workers' beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, Child Protective Services (CPS) has been challenged with how to adequately respond to families experiencing domestic violence and whether exposure to domestic violence constitutes child abuse. Research provides a limited understanding of what factors (i.e. professional, personal, training) influence the beliefs of CPS workers but much more information is needed. The research described in this paper

Judy L. Postmus; Darcey H. Merritt

2010-01-01

473

Writing the Male Abuser in Cultural Responses to Domestic Violence in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article analyzes the portrayal of the male perpetrator of heterosexual domestic violence in a selection of contemporary Spanish texts (novel, drama, and autobiography) that form part of a clearly discernible cultural response to the issue of intimate partner violence in Spain today. It reads the figure of the abuser in conjunction with a…

Godsland, Shelley

2012-01-01

474

Violence, gender and elder abuse: Towards a feminist analysis and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between gender, violence and elder abuse is examined and the selective claiming and framing of this important social problem by ‘experts’ from the family violence’ field is questioned. It is argued that such selectivity functions to individualize and privatize what are essentially political problems and in particular to screen out a feminist analysis by rendering gender?specific behaviours as

Terri Whittaker

1995-01-01

475

No Place To Hide: Substance Abuse in Mid-Size Cities and Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|America's substance abuse epidemic has come to rural America. Adults in small metropolitan and rural areas are just as likely as those in urban America to use and abuse illegal drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. Young teens in small metropolitan and rural areas are more likely to abuse substances than those in large metro areas. Based on a wide variety…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

476

Applying Computer Technology to Substance Abuse Prevention Science Results of a Preliminary Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manuscript reports on the development and evaluation of a computer-based substance abuse prevention program for middle school-aged adolescents, called "HeadOn: Substance Abuse Prevention for Grades 6-8TM". This self-guided program was designed to deliver effective drug abuse prevention science to youth via computer-based educational…

Marsch, Lisa A.; Bickel, Warren K.; Badger, Gary J.

2007-01-01

477

Effective Prevention of Adolescent Substance Abuse--Educational versus Deterrent Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Substance abuse, especially among adolescents, has long been an important issue in society. In light of the adverse impact of substance abuse, scholars, educators, and policy-makers have proposed different approaches to prevent and reduce such abuse. This paper investigates the effectiveness of the two prominent approaches--educational and…

Tze, Virginia M. C.; Li, Johnson C.-H.; Pei, Jacqueline

2012-01-01

478

Public sector managed care for substance abuse treatment: Opportunities for health services research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observations of reduced utilization of alcohol and drug abuse treatment following the introduction of managed behavioral health care suggest that substance abuse services may be especially responsive to managed care restrictions and limits. In publicly funded treatment systems, patient attributes, system and provider characteristics, and financing mechanisms may heighten susceptibility to unintended effects. The State Substance Abuse and Mental Health

Dennis McCarty; Milton Argeriou; Gabrielle Denmead; Joan Dilonardo

2001-01-01

479

The Relationship between Mental Health and Substance Abuse among Adolescents. Analytic Series: A-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents an examination of the association between psychological functioning and substance abuse among adolescents aged 12 to 17 using data from the 1994-1996 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). The survey, conducted annually by Substance Abuse and Mental Services Administration (SAMHSA), provides estimates of the…

Ragin, Ann; Rasinski, Kenneth A.; Cerbone, Felicia Gray; Johnson, Robert A.

480

Substance-abusing urban homeless in the late 1990s: How do they differ from non-substance-abusing homeless persons?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of our understanding of substance abuse and homelessness comes from data from the 1980s and may not necessarily reflect\\u000a issues or trends prevalent during the 1990s. We report data from a two-city, community-based, populations-proportionate sample\\u000a of 531 randomly selected homeless adults; the study was conducted in 1997 and compared substance-abusing to non-substance-abusing\\u000a respondents. Most (78.3%) met criteria for substance

Thomas P. O’Toole; Alicia Conde-Martel; Jeanette L. Gibbon; Barbara H. Hanusa; Paul J. Freyder; Michael J. Fine

2004-01-01

481

Abused Women's Perspectives on the Criminal Justice System's Response to Domestic Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used Q methodology to better understand battered women's views about the criminal justice system (CJS). Fifty-eight abused and formerly abused women, representing a broad range of experiences, were involved in the study. Participants sorted 72 statements about domestic violence and the CJS according to how strongly they agreed with…

Barata, Paula C.

2007-01-01

482

History of Abuse and Neglect in Patients with Schizophrenia Who Have a History of Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine the prevalence of five forms of abuse/neglect during childhood and adolescence in a group of schizophrenic patients with a history of violence. Methods: Twenty-eight patients hospitalized in a highly secured psychiatric unit were included. Abuse and neglect during patients' growth were evaluated with the childhood trauma…

Bennouna-Greene, Mehdi; Bennouna-Greene, Valerie; Berna, Fabrice; Defranoux, Luc

2011-01-01

483

Dissociation, PTSD, and Substance Abuse: An Empirical Study  

PubMed Central

Few studies have examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorder (SUD) and dissociation. We studied 77 women with current PTSD and substance dependence, classified into high- versus low-dissociation on the Dissociative Experiences Scale. They were compared on trauma- and substance-related symptoms, cognitions, coping skills, social adjustment, trauma history, psychiatric symptoms, and self-harm/suicidal behaviors. We found the high-dissociation group consistently more impaired than the low-dissociation group. Also, the sample overall evidenced relatively high levels of dissociation, indicating that even in the presence of recent substance use, dissociation remains a major psychological phenomenon. Indeed, the high-dissociation group reported stronger expectation that substances could manage their psychiatric symptoms. The high-dissociation group also had more trauma-related symptoms and childhood histories of emotional abuse and physical neglect. Discussion addresses methodology, the “chemical dissociation” hypothesis, and the need for more nuanced understanding of how substances are experienced in relation to dissociative phenomena.

Najavits, Lisa; Walsh, Marybeth

2012-01-01

484

Trauma history and relapse probability among patients seeking substance abuse treatment.  

PubMed

We estimated the prevalence of trauma history and relapse in a sample of 959 patients at two outpatient chemical dependence clinics of a managed healthcare organization. A large majority (89%) reported a history of at least one traumatic event. The most common traumatic events were serious accidents, being robbed, seeing someone killed or seriously injured, and partner violence. One third of the patients had a history of substance abuse disorder relapse. There were gender and ethnic differences in the types of traumatic events reported. There were ethnic differences in relapse rates, which were highest among African American and multicultural patients. The types of traumatic events reported differed in patients of various sexual orientations. Bisexual patients had the highest rates of relapse, even when trauma exposure was controlled. Clinical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:15450649

Farley, Melissa; Golding, Jacqueline M; Young, George; Mulligan, Marie; Minkoff, Jerome R

2004-09-01

485

Prospective Relations Between Bulimic Pathology, Depression, and Substance Abuse: Unpacking Comorbidity in Adolescent Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

To elucidate the processes that contribute to the comorbidity between bulimic pathology, depression, and substance abuse, the authors tested the temporal relations between these disturbances with prospective data from adolescent girls (N = 496). Multivariate analyses indicated that depressive symptoms predicted onset of bulimic pathology but not of substance abuse, bulimic symptoms predicted onset of depression but not of substance

Eric Stice; Emily M. Burton; Heather Shaw

2004-01-01

486

Substance Abuse in Children of Parents with Mental Illness: Risks, Resiliency, and Best Prevention Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews published research on the effects of parental mental illness diagnosis or symptoms on childhood substance abuse. Risk and protective factors for developing a substance use or related disorder in these children are summarized. Recommendations for substance abuse prevention in children of parents with mental illness are presented and used…

Mowbray, Carol T.; Oyserman, Daphna

2003-01-01

487

Predictors of HIV Risk Among Men Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of HIV risk among men receiving treatment for substance abuse in India. Consecutive inpatients from the major substance abuse hospital in southern India were screened using a structured interview and standardized measures to obtain demographic, psychiatric, sexual behavior, and substance use data at the time of admission. Seventy-seven

Michael P. Carey; Prabha S. Chandra; Kate B. Carey; Dan J. Neal

2003-01-01

488

Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons with Co-Occurring Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 42  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIPs), developed by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), part of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), are best-practice guidelines for the treatment of substance use disorders. CSAT draws on the experience…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005

2005-01-01

489

Awareness of Substance Abuse Problems Among Dually-Diagnosed Psychiatric Inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the ability to acknowledge the need for treatment of mental illness and substance abuse problems among dually-diagnosed inpatients before and after an inpatient substance abuse treatment program. A cohort of 264 consecutively admitted patients diagnosed with a mental illness and substance use disorder were entered into a dual diagnosis treatment program. Perceptions of patients diagnosed with a

Jill RachBeisel; Lisa Dixon; Jean Gearon

1999-01-01

490

Results from the Pro-QOL-IV for Substance Abuse Counselors Working with Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction in two groups of counselors who specialize in substance dependency treatment in order to identify the unique features of substance abuse service delivery that may be related to professional quality of life. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 substance abuse

Perkins, Elizabeth B.; Sprang, Ginny

2013-01-01

491

Mental health of adolescents who abuse psychoactive substances in Enugu, Nigeria - A cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Association between psychiatric morbidity and substance abuse among adolescent has been reported. However prevalence and pattern of such dysfunctions are unknown in our environment. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of psychosocial dysfunction and depressive symptoms among adolescents who abuse substance and also note the influence of socio-demographic factors and type of substance on the pattern of dysfuction. METHOD: A

Wilson C Igwe; Ngozi C Ojinnaka

2010-01-01

492

Substance Abuse among the Deaf Population: An Overview of Current Strategies, Programs and Barriers to Recovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper analyzes the problem of alcohol and drug abuse among the deaf population focusing on: precipitating factors leading to substance abuse; barriers to recovery; and descriptions of several treatment centers, programs, and services. (JDD)|

Lane, Katherine E.

1989-01-01

493

Evaluating and Training Substance Abuse Counselors: A Pilot Study Assessing Standardized Patients as Authentic Clients  

PubMed Central

Clinician training and supervision are needed to transfer evidence-based practices to community based treatment organizations. Standardized patients (SPs) are used for clinician training and evaluating. However, to be effective for substance abuse counselors, SPs must realistically portray substance abuse treatment clients. The current study assessed authenticity of SPs as substance abuse treatment clients. Twenty-one substance abuse counselors interviewed SP(s) with differing profiles. Counselors provided quantitative and qualitative ratings of SP authenticity. Counselor responses to the study procedures were analyzed as well. Quantitative results include high authenticity ratings for the SPs but counselors’ subjective responses varied. Counselor’s rated the experience of participating in the study positively and provided constructive comments for future applications of this methodology. Results support future work on SPs as teaching and evaluation tools in substance abuse counseling. Findings also illustrate the need to refine definitions of authenticity for SPs as substance abuse clients.

Fussell, Holly E.; Shannon-Lewy, Colleen; McFarland, Bentson

2009-01-01

494

Substance use and abuse among patients with comorbid dysthymia and substance disorder.  

PubMed

This study determines the substance use and abuse patterns among patients with comorbid substance-related disorder (SRD) and dysthymia in SRD-dysthymia as compared with patients with SRD only. Differences in use and abuse patterns could be useful for (a) understanding motivations for use, such as self-treatment, and (b) assisting clinicians to identify cases of dysthymia among SRD patients. Retrospective and current data were obtained regarding history of substance use and current SRD diagnoses. Two university medical centers with alcohol-drug programs located within departments of psychiatry were the settings. A total of 642 patients was assessed. of whom 39 had SRD-dysthymia and 308 had SRD only. Data on past usc were collected by a research associate using a questionnaire. Current SRD and dysthymia diagnoses were made by psychiatrists specializing in addiction. The patients with SRD-dysthymia and SRD only did not differ with regard to use of alcohol, tobacco, and benzodiazepines. The patients with SRD-dysthymia started caffeine use at an earlier age, had shorter "use careers" of cocaine, amphetamines, and opiates, and had fewer days of cocaine and cannabis use in the last year. They also had a lower rate of cannabis abuse/dependence. This study indicated that patients with dysthymia and SRD have exposure to most substances of abuse that is comparable to patients with SRD only. However, they selectively use certain substances less often than patients with SRD only. Early use of caffeine may reflect self-treatment for depressive symptoms among patients with SRD-dysthymia. PMID:9849767

Eames, S L; Westermeyer, J; Crosby, R D

1998-11-01

495

Academy on violence and abuse: highlights of proceedings from the 2011 conference, "toward a new understanding".  

PubMed

In April 2011, the Academy on Violence Abuse (http://www.avahealth.org/) convened a network of experts for its second annual conference, "Developing the Science of Violence and Abuse: Toward a New Understanding." The conference served as a forum for highlighting the growing body of research regarding the biological consequences and adverse health consequences of abuse. In doing so, it underscored an important scientific premise: By evaluating the impact of violence and abuse from birth to death, one can better evaluate the social, behavioral, psychological, and biological context and pathways that result in the morbidity, mortality, and quality of life of all affected individuals and communities. In this article, we summarize content presented by the conference's keynote speakers and provide citations that speakers have submitted to support their statements. PMID:23878147

Cronholm, Peter F; Ismailji, Tasneem; Mettner, Jeanne

2013-07-22

496

Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... where there is violence or abuse can make a person think that is the right way or the only way for family members to treat each other. Somebody who has only known an abusive relationship might mistakenly think that hitting, beating, ...

497

Dating violence: mental health consequences based on type of abuse.  

PubMed

This study aims to determine the relationship between psychological, physical, and sexual abuse, and mental health symptoms. Female college students (N = 499) completed anonymous online surveys to report experiences of abuse, as well as symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and physical injuries. Five groups of participants were found: no abuse; psychological abuse; physical abuse; psychological and physical abuse; and psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. The multiple abuse groups showed the highest rate of mental health symptoms. In addition, increased frequency of abuse was related to more mental health symptoms and more physical injuries. PMID:22594217

Eshelman, Lee; Levendosky, Alytia A

2012-01-01

498

“I TAKE CARE OF MY KIDS”Mothering Practices of Substance-Abusing Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines 17 substance-abusing women's perceptions of their mothering practices in the context of a residential substance-abuse treatment program for women with children and pregnant women. Using in-depth semistructured interviews and observations of treatment groups, the participants' cultural knowledge about mothering is explored. Although the women in this study described how their substance-abusing lifestyle had a negative impact on

PHYLLIS L. BAKER; AMY CARSON

1999-01-01

499

Dysthymia among Substance Abusers: An Exploratory Study of Individual and Mental Health Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the individual characteristics and mental health factors of dysthymic and nondysthymic\\u000a substance abusers. Out of a total of 1,209 medical records reviewed to select cases of dysthymic and nondysthymic substance\\u000a abusers attending a community drug treatment program, 183 medical records were selected, 48% of which were dysthymic substance\\u000a abusers. Bivariate analyses indicated

Naelys Diaz; Eloise G. Horton; John McIlveen; Michael Weiner; Jenniffer Nelson

2009-01-01

500

Effect of social support on substance abuse relapse in a residential treatment setting for women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looked at the influence of family functioning, activities of friends, and substance abuse by spouses or significant others on women's substance abuse relapse within 6 months following residential treatment. Data were from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment's national cross-site evaluation of 6-month residential treatment programs for women with children and pregnant\\/postpartum women (RWC\\/PPW). At treatment admission 1758

Bruce Ellis; Tiffiny Bernichon; Ping Yu; Tracy Roberts; James M. Herrell

2004-01-01