Sample records for violence substance abuse

  1. Substance abuse and violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon M. Boles; Karen Miotto

    2003-01-01

    Most alcohol and drug use occurs among persons who are not violent. However, alcohol and, to a lesser extent, illicit drugs are present in both offenders and victims in many violent events. The links between psychoactive substances and violence involve broad social and economic forces, the settings in which people obtain and consume the substance, and the biological processes that

  2. The Comparability of Male Violent Substance Abusers in Violence or Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas G. Brown; Thomas Caplan; Annette Werk; Peter Seraganian

    1999-01-01

    The abuse of alcohol is strongly associated with violent behavior in general and domestic violence in particular. The present study examined the compara-bility of dual-problem (i.e., substance abuse and conjugal violence) men in substance abuse and violence treatment milieus. Thirty males in substance abuse treatment and 33 men in violence treatment were identified as being dual-problematic and were administered the

  3. Partner violence and substance abuse: Treatment interventions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Klostermann; Michelle L. Kelley; Theresa Mignone; Lori Pusateri; William Fals-Stewart

    2010-01-01

    Partner violence is a serious public health issue. For couples who enter treatment for drug and alcohol abuse, rates of partner aggression are alarmingly high, with 53% to 63% of couples reporting one or more episodes of partner violence in the year prior to program entry (Murphy & O'Farrell, 1994; Murphy, O'Farrell, Fals-Stewart, & Feeham, 2001; Stuart et al., 2003).

  4. Addressing intimate partner violence in substance-abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Fals-Stewart; Cheryl Kennedy

    2005-01-01

    As the use of partner-involved therapies for alcoholism and drug abuse become more common in substance-abuse treatment programs, providers are more frequently encountering one of the most challenging and politically charged public health issues of our time: intimate partner violence (IPV). Recent investigations reveal 40–60% of married or cohabiting substance-abusing patients report episodes of partner aggression in the year preceding

  5. Native women, violence, substance abuse and HIV risk.

    PubMed

    Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

    2005-09-01

    Violence has become a critical public health issue in the United States. It has had a particularly devastating impact on the health and well being of Native American women and children. The relationship between aggression and substance use is an intrinsic one: Native women often bear the brunt of violence in drinking situations, which places them and their children at extremely high risk for physical and sexual abuse. In urban environments, many Native American women find themselves in adult relationships that mirror the abuse they experienced and witnessed as children or adolescents. Not only does violence often occur while substances are being used, but conversely, substance use is a frequent consequence of sexual abuse. Clearly, the mental health repercussions of physical or sexual abuse are often severe. Trauma is associated not only with psychological distress, but also with risky behavior and social role impairment. Traumatized women engaging in substance abuse and unsafe sex are at high risk for contracting HIV/AIDS. This article explores the intersection of substance abuse, sexual and physical abuse, and increased HIV risk among urban Native American women in the San Francisco Bay Area. PMID:16295010

  6. Violence perpetration and childhood abuse among men and women in substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mandi L. Burnette; Mark Ilgen; Susan M. Frayne; Emma Lucas; Julia Mayo; Julie C. Weitlauf

    2008-01-01

    Despite an association between violence perpetration and substance use, the characteristics associated with violence among patients in treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) are not well documented. Data were gathered from a national sample of men (n = 4,459) and women (n = 1,774) entering SUD treatment on history of violence perpetration, exposure to childhood physical abuse (CPA) and childhood

  7. Violence against Native Women in Substance Abuse Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saylors, Karen; Daliparthy, Nalini

    2006-01-01

    Many mental health problems among substance abusing populations are directly linked to high rates of abuse and trauma. There is increasing evidence of associations between childhood physical and sexual abuse to adult substance use and HIV-risk behavior. The relationship of abuse, mental health problems, substance abuse, and high-risk sexual…

  8. Elder Abuse and Substance Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for drug use or trafficking. The research on domestic violence shows that abusive partners are more likely to ... influence of drugs or alcohol. The relationship between domestic violence and substance abuse, however, is not fully understood. ...

  9. Correlates of Expressed and Received Violence Across Relationship Types Among Men and Women Substance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen T. Chermack; Maureen A. Walton; Bret E. Fuller; Frederic C. Blow

    2001-01-01

    This study examined expressed and received violence among men and women in substance abuse treatment. Rates of past-year partner violence (PV) did not differ by gender, although men reported markedly higher rates of nonpartner violence (NPV). Compared with PV, NPV was associated with more demographic and background factors (e.g., childhood aggression and conduct problems, family history of violence). The most

  10. Prevalence of family violence in clients entering substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline J. Easton; Suzanne Swan; Rajita Sinha

    2000-01-01

    The present study evaluated 105 clients who were assessed for substance-related problems and a history of domestic violence. A brief survey on family violence examined whether clients were adult victims, childhood victims, and\\/or perpetrators of physical violence. Results indicated that 37% of the sample reported that they experienced a family history of physical violence. A total of 22% reported being

  11. Rural Substance Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... smoking programs by state or ZIP code. What effects does substance abuse have on a community? Substance abuse can cause these problems in communities: Increased crime Increased violence, including domestic and child abuse Accidents caused by drunk driving Increase in ...

  12. Correlates of received and expressed violence persistence following substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maureen A Walton; Stephen T Chermack; Frederic C Blow

    2002-01-01

    This study examined different types of violence (i.e. ‘expressed’ towards others and ‘received’ from others) across different relationship types (i.e. ‘partners’ and ‘non-partners’) among men and women in substance abuse treatment, and during a 2-year follow-up period. For received violence, participants were divided into three groups: no-violence before or after treatment, violence before treatment only, and violence both before and

  13. Counselor Treatment of Coexisting Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse: A Qualitative Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chartas, Nicole D.; Culbreth, John R.

    2001-01-01

    This study explored the philosophical issues hindering the linkage of substance abuse and domestic violence treatment. Results suggest that counselors tend to use treatment models that could not concurrently assign responsibility and address either present or past victimization. (Author)

  14. Predictors of expressed partner and non-partner violence among patients in substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen T. Chermack; Bret E. Fuller; Frederic C. Blow

    2000-01-01

    This study examined reports of expressed partner and non-partner violence among men (n=126) and women (n=126) in the 12 months prior to substance abuse treatment. Rates of violence were 57% for partner, 53% for non-partner, and 75% collapsing across partner and non-partner relationships. Factors associated with partner and non-partner violence severity differed substantially. Partner violence was predicted by age, marital

  15. Violence among individuals in substance abuse treatment: the role of alcohol and cocaine consumption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen T Chermack; Frederic C Blow

    2002-01-01

    This study examined factors associated with expressed violence in the 90 days prior to substance abuse (SA) treatment among 125 men and 125 women recently enrolled in treatment. Approximately 85% of the sample reported a significant conflict situation, and over 32% reported an incident of physical violence. Both general alcohol and cocaine use patterns (on days not involving significant interpersonal

  16. Violence exposure as a predictor of internalizing and externalizing problems among children of substance abusers.

    PubMed

    Conners-Burrow, Nicola; McKelvey, Lorraine; Kyzer, Angela; Swindle, Taren; Cheerla, Rajalakshmi; Kraleti, Shashank

    2013-01-01

    We explore the associations between exposure to conflict and crime in the home and community, and child anxiety and self-control problems among 60 children whose mothers were in treatment for substance abuse problems. Experiences with violence and crime were widespread, with many children exposed to multiple incidents. Approximately one-third (35.5%) of children exhibited clinically elevated anxiety. Controlling for other potential predictors, both children's exposure to violence and the number of years the mother had been using substances predicted higher anxiety in children, while only exposure to violence predicted problems in self-control. Results highlight the importance of screening for violence exposure. PMID:23261353

  17. Hispanic Women’s Experiences With Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence, and Risk for HIV

    PubMed Central

    Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa Maria; Vasquez, Elias P.; Urrutia, Maria T.; Villarruel, Antonia M.; Peragallo, Nilda

    2011-01-01

    Hispanic females are disproportionately affected by substance abuse, intimate partner violence, and HIV. Despite these disparities, research describing the cultural and gender-specific experiences of Hispanic women with regard to these conditions is lacking. The purpose of this study is to describe the experiences that Hispanic community-dwelling women have with regard to substance abuse, violence, and risky sexual behaviors. Eight focus groups with 81 women were conducted. A bilingual, bicultural moderator asked women open-ended questions regarding the experiences that Hispanic women have with these conditions. Focus groups were audiotaped, transcribed, translated, verified, and then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Participants discussed substance abuse, violence, and risky sexual behaviors interchangeably, often identifying common risk factors associated with these. Nevertheless, intimate partner violence was the most salient of conditions discussed. Three major themes emerged from the analysis: Transplantadas en otro mundo (Uprooted in another world), El criador de abuso (The breeding ground of abuse), and Rompiendo el silencio (Breaking the silence). This study supports the importance of addressing substance abuse, violence, and risk for HIV in an integrated manner and stresses the importance of addressing associated cultural factors (e.g., acculturation, machismo) in interventions targeting Hispanics. PMID:21191036

  18. Criminal Violence and Drug Use: An Exploratory Study among Substance Abusers in Residential Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workowski, Eric J.

    2003-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between criminal violence and type of substance abuse among 184 current and former residents of an inpatient non-hospital drug and alcohol treatment facility. The criminal justice system functioned as the source of referral into the program for 89% of the subjects studied while only 11% came to treatment…

  19. Substance Abuse, Violence, and HIV in Women: A Literature Review of the Syndemic

    PubMed Central

    Springer, Sandra A.; Altice, Frederick L.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Women in the United States are increasingly affected by HIV/AIDS. The SAVA syndemic—synergistic epidemics of substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS—is highly prevalent among impoverished urban women and potentially associated with poor HIV outcomes. A review of the existing literature found 45 articles that examine SAVA's impact on (1) HIV-associated risk-taking behaviors, (2) mental health, (3) healthcare utilization and medication adherence, and (4) the bidirectional relationship between violence and HIV status. Overall, results confirm the profound impact of violence and victimization and how it is intertwined with poor decision making, increased risk taking and negative health consequences, particularly in the context of substance abuse. Among current findings, there remain diverse and inconsistent definitions for substance abuse, violence, mental illness, adherence, and healthcare utilization that confound interpretation of data. Future studies require standardization and operationalization of definitions for these terms. Development and adaptation of evidence-based interventions that incorporate prevention of violence and management of victimization to target this vulnerable group of women and thereby promote better health outcomes are urgently needed. PMID:21668380

  20. The comparative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) and substance abuse treatment alone: a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Research has shown that treatments that solely addressed intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration were not very effective in reducing IPV, possibly due to neglecting individual differences between IPV perpetrators. A large proportion of IPV perpetrators is diagnosed with co-occurring substance use disorders and it has been demonstrated that successful treatment of alcohol dependence among alcohol dependent IPV perpetrators also led to less IPV. The current study investigated the relative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) to cognitive behavioral treatment addressing substance use disorders including only one session addressing partner violence (CBT-SUD+) among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV. Substance use and IPV perpetration were primary outcome measures. Method Patients who entered substance abuse treatment were screened for IPV. Patients who disclosed at least 7 acts of physical IPV in the past year (N?=?52) were randomly assigned to either I-StoP or CBT-SUD+. Patients in both conditions received 16 treatment sessions. Substance use and IPV perpetration were assessed at pretreatment, halfway treatment and posttreatment in blocks of 8 weeks. Both completers and intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses were performed. Results Patients (completers and ITT) in both conditions significantly improved regarding substance use and IPV perpetration at posttreatment compared with pretreatment. There were no differences in outcome between conditions. Completers in both conditions almost fully abstained from IPV in 8 weeks before the end of treatment. Conclusions Both I-StoP and CBT-SUD+ were effective in reducing substance use and IPV perpetration among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV and self-disclosed IPV perpetration. Since it is more cost and time-effective to implement CBT-SUD+ than I-StoP, it is suggested to treat IPV perpetrators in substance abuse treatment with CBT-SUD+. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00847873 PMID:24059784

  1. Correlates of partner violence among female street-based sex workers: substance abuse, history of childhood abuse, and HIV risks.

    PubMed

    El-Bassel, N; Witte, S S; Wada, T; Gilbert, L; Wallace, J

    2001-01-01

    This study examines the prevalence of physical and sexual abuse by intimate and commercial sexual partners among street-based sex workers and explores correlates of partner abuse by commercial partners using the following factors: sociodemographics, substance abuse, sexual behavior, and physical and sexual childhood abuse. One hundred thirteen street sex workers were recruited from December 1996 through May 1997 while receiving services from the Foundations for Research on Sexually Transmitted Diseases (FROST'D), a nonprofit organization based in New York City. Partner abuse is a common occurrence among street sex workers. Two of three street prostitutes have experienced lifetime physical or sexual abuse by either an intimate or commercial partner. In addition, one of eight reported physical and sexual abuse by both intimate and commercial partners during her lifetime. Women who were homeless in the last year, those who reported exchanging for drugs and money as their main source of income, used injection drugs in the past year and had sex in crack houses, and who were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive were more likely to be report combined physical and sexual abuse. Understanding the relationship between partner violence, victim's substance abuse, and HIV-risk behavior is important for the development of public policies and treatment and prevention strategies to address the constellation of problems that drug-using female street sex workers face. PMID:11177587

  2. REDUCING SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN PUNJABI SIKH COMMUNITIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gurjit Thandi

    2011-01-01

    This article outlines the importance of exploring spirituality in working with Punjabi Sikh men who have substance abuse issues and have committed violence towards their spouse. Seventeen in-depth interviews were conducted with South Asian front-line workers that included police officers, probation officers, counselors, social workers, child protection workers and victim service workers. The audio-taped data were transcribed and analyzed by

  3. Caregiver Substance Abuse and Children’s Exposure to Violence in a Nationally Representative Child Welfare Sample

    PubMed Central

    Seay, Kristen D.; Kohl, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    Using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II (NSCAW II), this article examines the impact of caregiver substance abuse on children’s exposure to violence in the home in a nationally representative sample of families involved with child protective services (CPS). Logistic regression analyses indicate an increased risk of witnessing mild and severe violence in the home for children whose primary caregiver was abusing alcohol or drugs. However, analyses did not find statistically significant relationships between child report of direct victimization in the home by mild or severe violence and caregiver alcohol or drug abuse. PMID:23440502

  4. TANF Recipients' Barriers to Employability: Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melinda Pilkinton

    2010-01-01

    Recipients of temporary assistance for needy families (TANF) encounter a variety of expectations and sanctions. Recipients face work requirements, limited resources, and barriers to employability, including the barrier of substance use. This article addresses the sanctions that are applied to clients who do not meet expectations of the policy, barriers to employability, disparities in resources, and factors influencing referrals for

  5. [Addressing intimate partner violence in substance-abuse treatment programmes: a challenge for the future].

    PubMed

    Fernández-Montalvo, Javier; López-Goñi, José Javier

    2011-01-01

    There is a close relationship between substance abuse (alcohol and other drugs) and intimate partner violence. Studies carried out with male offenders and with addicted patients show a high comorbidity rate between these two phenomena. However, few batterer intervention programmes have been implemented to date in the field of drug addiction. This paper proposes, first, the need to detect cases of intimate partner violence that are camouflaged beneath a drug problem. Thus, it is important to determine the prevalence rate of intimate partner aggressors among users of drug-addiction treatment programmes, as well as identifying the specific characteristics of these patients. Second, once aggressors are identified, it would be possible to develop specific programmes for the simultaneous treatment of the two problems (addiction and intimate partner violence). Some studies have already been carried with joint treatments for addiction and intimate partner violence. The results obtained are encouraging, and show that intervention programs with addictions can be a useful framework for applying also, where necessary, specific treatments for those addicted patients with an associated problem of intimate partner violence. Finally, implications for clinical practice and future research in this field are discussed. PMID:21503558

  6. The Co-Occurrence of Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence: A Comparison of Dual-Problem Men in Substance Abuse Treatment and in a Court-Ordered Batterer Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Thomas; Larry Bennett

    2009-01-01

    Substance abuse and domestic violence tend to co-occur in about half of the men seen in either substance abuse treatment or batterer intervention programs. The existence of so many dual-problem men suggests that screening for co-occurring problems should occur in all settings serving either substance abusers or batterers, but this is not the case. This study sampled 49 men in

  7. Relationship of Substance Use\\/Abuse with Psychological and Physical Intimate Partner Violence: Variations Across Living Situations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Loretta J. Stalans; Jennifer Ritchie

    2008-01-01

    This study addresses whether the relationship between illicit drug use\\/abuse measures and intimate partner violence (IPV)\\u000a varies across socioeconomic status, racial status, and environmental indictors of a drug supportive culture. Data from 19,131\\u000a respondents who were living with intimate partners and had not been treated for a substance abuse problem in the last year\\u000a and participated in the National Household

  8. Paraprofessional Home Visitors' Perspectives on Addressing Poor Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Domestic Violence: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tandon, S. Darius; Mercer, Constance D.; Saylor, Elizabeth L.; Duggan, Anne K.

    2008-01-01

    This research was conducted to understand paraprofessional home visitors' perceptions of their training in addressing poor mental health, substance abuse, and domestic violence, and their actions in working with families in addressing these issues. Five focus groups were conducted with a total of 28 paraprofessional home visitors. Three main…

  9. Including a Brief Substance-Abuse Motivational Intervention in a Couples Treatment Program for Intimate Partner Violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric E. McCollum; Sandra M. Stith; Marjorie Strachman Miller; G. Cole Ratcliffe

    2011-01-01

    Substance abuse (SA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) frequently co-occur, providing challenges to researchers and treatment professionals alike. Researchers have struggled to understand the nature of the relation between these 2 difficult issues. Are they wholly un-related, indirectly related, or is there a causal relation between the 2? Treatment professionals face the dilemma of how to provide treatment to clients

  10. Domestic violence and substance use

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tracy F. Scheller; Pamela Berens

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: To compare the incidence of domestic violence in substance-using women and non–substance-using women in a diverse obstetrics and gynecology clinic.Methods: We analyzed abuse assessment screens obtained from 107 women during a 2- week period from January 21, 1998, through February 4, 1998. The incidence of abuse was compared with the incidence in 14 women in a substance abuse clinic

  11. Substance abuse and child maltreatment.

    PubMed

    Wells, Kathryn

    2009-04-01

    Pediatricians and other medical providers caring for children need to be aware of the dynamics in the significant relationship between substance abuse and child maltreatment. A caregiver's use and abuse of alcohol, marijuana, heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and other drugs place the child at risk in multiple ways. Members of the medical community need to understand these risks because the medical community plays a unique and important role in identifying and caring for these children. Substance abuse includes the abuse of legal drugs as well as the use of illegal drugs. The abuse of legal substances may be just as detrimental to parental functioning as abuse of illicit substances. Many substance abusers are also polysubstance users and the compounded effect of the abuse of multiple substances may be difficult to measure. Often other interrelated social features, such as untreated mental illness, trauma history, and domestic violence, affect these families. PMID:19358920

  12. Addressing substance abuse in obstetrics and gynecology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina D Uziel-Miller; Nehama Dresner

    2002-01-01

    Substance abuse has far-reaching and long-lasting implications not only for women, but for their children and families as well. Substance abuse disorders are related to a host of biopsychosocial problems including severe medical and obstetric complications, poverty and unemployment, relational and parenting problems, domestic violence, and child abuse. Despite the seriousness of the problem, because substance abuse has typically been

  13. Sexual Orientation Disparities in Substance Misuse: The Role of Childhood Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence Among Patients in Care at an Urban Community Health Center

    PubMed Central

    Reisner, Sari L; Falb, Kathryn L; Van Wagenen, Aimee; Grasso, Chris; Bradford, Judith

    2014-01-01

    This study examined disparities in lifetime substance misuse by sexual orientation among 2,653 patients engaged in care at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, as well as the potential mediating roles of childhood abuse violence (IPV). Violence indicators were highly associated with substance misuse, as was identifying as a sexual minority compared to heterosexual. CA and IPV experiences partly explained disparities in substance abuse by sexual orientation with differences seen by sex. Clinicians should assess history of CA and IPV among sexual minorities presenting with a history of substance abuse disorders. The study's limitations are noted. PMID:23368669

  14. Affective Awareness in Parenting of Fathers with Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence

    PubMed Central

    Stover, Carla Smith; Spink, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Few studies have examined the parenting of fathers with co-occurring Substance Abuse (SA) and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) problems. None have specifically interviewed men with these co-occurring issues using qualitative methods about their reflective functioning in relation to their children. This qualitative study was designed to provide evidence of the reflective capacity of fathers with co-occurring SA and IPV. Approach To assess this, men were asked to describe examples of negative emotions they experienced as parents and how they perceived their children responded to those emotions. Forty fathers with co-occurring SA and IPV were interviewed using the Revised Parent Development Interview. Interviews were coded for reflective functioning and for themes that emerged related to angry and guilty feelings these fathers experienced as parents. Findings Overall, fathers in the sample had a very limited capacity to think about the thoughts and feelings of their children. The desire to spend more time with their child and an inability to provide financially were two common themes. Anger toward the child’s mother for not providing adequate care and a focus on shielding the child from his anger were also reported frequently. Fathers did not report feelings of guilt related to their substance use or aggression in their relationships. Originality This paper is one of the first to explore reflective functioning of fathers with co-occurring IPV and SA. These findings are discussed in relation to their implications for intervention with fathers with co-occurring SA and IPV issues. PMID:23710257

  15. Substance Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Cynthia L.; Liddle, Howard A.

    2003-01-01

    Liddle and Dakof's (1995) comprehensive review of the status of family-based treatment for drug abuse concluded that this modality offered a "promising, but not definitive" approach to treating drug abuse among adolescents and adults. Less than a decade later, significant progress can be seen in the treatment of drug abuse problems using…

  16. Parenting of Men with Co-Occurring Intimate Partner Violence and Substance Abuse

    PubMed Central

    Stover, Carla Smith; Easton, Caroline; McMahon, Thomas J.

    2013-01-01

    Objective No studies to date have compared parenting behaviors of men with co-occurring intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance abuse (SA) with community controls. This study was designed to document mediators of differences in parenting behavior of fathers and the emotional-behavioral problems of their children for men with co-occurring SA and IPV. Method The self-reported parenting (negative, positive and co-parenting behaviors) and the child emotional-behavioral problems of 43 fathers with children aged 2 to 6 years with a recent history of SA + IPV were compared to a sample of 43 community control fathers with the same socio-economic and cultural backgrounds. Fathers completed measures on their parenting behavior with a target child, co-parenting behavior with the child’s mother, emotion regulation, romantic attachment, psychiatric symptoms, and the behavior of the target child. Results Men with co-occurring SA + IPV had significantly less positive co-parenting and more negative parenting behaviors than community control fathers. Negative parenting and co-parenting were mediated by the fathers’ avoidant attachment problems. SA + IPV fathers also reported more emotional and behavioral problems in their children. These poor child outcome differences between groups were mediated by the negative parenting behaviors of the fathers. Conclusions These results suggest areas of potential focus in interventions with fathers who have co-occurring SA + IPV issues. Focus on attachment difficulties with his co-parent, which may include affect regulation, coping with emotions, and communication skills training related to co-parenting, may yield significant changes in parenting behaviors and ultimately child functioning. PMID:23422845

  17. Age of onset of smoking among alcohol dependent men attending substance abuse treatment after a domestic violence arrest.

    PubMed

    Easton, Caroline J; Weinberger, Andrea H; George, Tony P

    2007-10-01

    This study examined differences between alcohol dependent offenders of intimate partner violence (IPV) with early initiation of cigarette smoking versus alcohol dependent offenders of IPV with later initiation of cigarette smoking. Seventy-eight alcohol dependent men who were arrested for domestic and referred to substance abuse treatment were randomly assigned to manual-guided behavioral therapies (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Twelve Step Facilitation). Sixty-two clients reported smoking cigarettes (85%) while 52 reported smoking cigarettes (71%) on a daily basis. Early initiation of smoking was defined as smoking cigarettes before the age of 16 years of age, while later initiation of smoking was defined as smoking cigarettes from 16.5 years and older. Regarding baseline characteristics, participants assigned to the early initiation of smoking condition had significantly more domestic violence arrests and significantly higher anger expression scores at baseline compared to the late smoking initiation group. Despite more severity of substance abuse, legal and violence characteristics at the baseline assessment in the early initiation group, both smoking initiation groups responded equally as well across 12 weeks of manualized behavioral treatments. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:17300874

  18. Social desirability and partner agreement of men's reporting of intimate partner violence in substance abuse treatment settings.

    PubMed

    Freeman, Andrew J; Schumacher, Julie A; Coffey, Scott F

    2015-02-01

    Estimates indicate that intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs in approximately 30% of relationships and up to 85% of the relationships of men in substance abuse treatment. However, partners consistently display poor agreement in reporting the presence of IPV. Social desirability is frequently offered as the primary reason for under-reporting of IPV by perpetrators. The goal of the current study was to explicitly test the social desirability hypothesis using both partners' reports of negotiation, psychological aggression, physical aggression, sexual aggression, and injuries in a substance abuse treatment sample. A total of 54 males and their female partners were recruited from a residential adult substance use treatment facility. Consistent with prior literature, partners displayed poor agreement about the presence of different types of IPV. The male partner's social desirability was not associated with his reporting of male-to-female physical aggression, psychological aggression, or injuries. Men who engaged in higher levels of self-deceptive enhancement and lower levels of impression management were more likely to under-report male-to-female sexual coercion. Overall, the findings question the generalized importance of social desirability in IPV reporting in substance abuse treatment populations. PMID:24923888

  19. The incidence and characteristics of violent men in substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. G. Brown; A. Werk; T. Caplan; N. Shields; P. Seraganian

    1998-01-01

    Linkage between marital violence and substance abuse has been noted in men seeking treatment for substance-use disorders. The present study examined (1) the incidence of family violence in men admitted into substance abuse treatment; (2) the psychosocial characteristics associated with marital violence; and (3) the comparability of violent substance abusers to their treatment cohorts. Fifty-nine men in substance abuse treatment

  20. Alcohol, Substance Abuse, and Violence among North Carolina Prison Admissions, 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Ronald D.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Examined claimed substance intoxication at time of crime commission with violent crimes for 1988 admissions to North Carolina Department of Correction. Most frequently abused drug was alcohol. Intoxicated criminals committed no more violent offenses than did sober offenders. Inmates inebriated with illegal drugs committed fewer violent crimes than…

  1. Commissioner's Annual Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Commissioner of Education's Report on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, submitted annually to the education committees of the Senate and Assembly, provides the Legislature with data in four broad incident categories: violence, vandalism, weapons, and substance abuse. The report also summarizes initiatives…

  2. Substance use by soldiers who abuse their spouses.

    PubMed

    Martin, Sandra L; Gibbs, Deborah A; Johnson, Ruby E; Sullivan, Kristen; Clinton-Sherrod, Monique; Walters, Jennifer L Hardison; Rentz, E Danielle

    2010-11-01

    Data on 7,424 soldier spouse abuse offenders were analyzed to determine the prevalence of substance use during abusive incidents, and to examine differences between substance-using and non-substance-using offenders. Results showed that 25% of all offenders used substances during abusive incidents, with males and non-Hispanic Whites being more likely to hav e used substances. Substance-using offenders were more likely to perpetrate physical spouse abuse and more severe spouse abuse. These findings underscore the importance of educating military personnel (including commanders) about links between substance use and domestic violence, and of coordinating preventive and therapeutic substance abuse and violence-related interventions. PMID:21097964

  3. Domestic violence and treatment seeking: a longitudinal study of low-income women and mental health/substance abuse care.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Tyrone C; Lo, Celia C

    2014-01-01

    A study with 591 low-income women examined domestic violence's role in treatment seeking for mental health or substance abuse problems. (The women resided in one of two California counties.) Following Aday's behavioral model of health services utilization, the secondary data analysis considered the women's need, enabling, and predisposing factors. Generalized estimating equations analyzed the women's longitudinal records of treatment seeking. Results showed that those in the sample who were likely to seek treatment had experienced three or more controlling behaviors and only one abusive behavior. Multivariate data analysis showed treatment-seeking women were likely to be white and older; responsible for few dependent children; not graduates of high school; employed; not participating in Medicaid; diagnosed; and perceiving a need for treatment. The implications of these results for services and policies are discussed. PMID:25626226

  4. Exposure to community violence: Direct and indirect impact on internalizing and externalizing problems and substance abuse among at-risk adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick J Fowler

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify mediators and moderators on the relationship between exposure to community violence and deviant behavior, psychological distress and substance abuse among 184 at-risk adolescents, in cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Community violence predicted all three negative outcomes at baseline, as well as increased psychological distress 4.5 years later. Parental monitoring partially mediated the relationship

  5. Substance Abuse. Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

    This paper presents the policy statement on substance abuse from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). The policy statement section lists programs and activities supported by the NCY. A section on background includes a statement of the issue of substance abuse. Areas examined in this section include alcohol abuse and drunk driving among…

  6. SAFETY, HEALTH, AND WELLNESS: ASSESSING THE GOALS, MESSAGES, AND DILEMMAS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SUPPORT GROUPS FOR WOMEN IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

    E-print Network

    Guthrie, Jennifer Ann

    2013-08-31

    Substance abuse and domestic violence are correlated issues and frequently co-occur (see, e.g., Chase, O'Farrell, Murphy, Fals-Stewart, & Murphy, 2003; Fals-Stewart & Kennedy, 2005; Stuart et al., 2006; Testa, Livingston, & Leonard, 2003). However...

  7. Associations between Sexual Abuse and Family Conflict/Violence, Self-Injurious Behavior, and Substance Use: The Mediating Role of Depressed Mood and Anger

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asgeirsdottir, Bryndis Bjork; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Gudjonsson, Gisli H.; Sigurdsson, Jon Fridrik

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether depressed mood and anger mediate the effects of sexual abuse and family conflict/violence on self-injurious behavior and substance use. Methods: A cross-sectional national survey was conducted including 9,085 16-19 year old students attending all high schools in Iceland in 2004. Participants reported frequency of…

  8. Drug and Substance Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... medications and pain medications. Some older adults also abuse illegal drugs, including marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogens, and injected narcotics. Some people misuse more than one substance. Many ...

  9. Substance Abuse and Motherhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michele J Eliason; Anne Helene Skinstad; Kathryn Gerken

    1995-01-01

    Few studies report any information on the motherhood status of Ihe clients in substance abuse treatment, and even fewer explore the role of children on the recovery process. We report descriptive data on 49 substance abusing women, 32 of' whom were the primary caretakers of minor-aged children.

  10. Special Issue: Substance Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuhrmann, Barbara S., Ed.; Washington, Craig S., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Presents ten articles about substance abuse: its effects, consequences, and strategies for intervention. Describes specific group therapy techniques and presents both a court service designed for assisting juveniles with drug/alcohol offenses, and a school-based substance abuse prevention program. Looks at strategies for counseling special…

  11. Commissioner's Annual Report to the Education Committees of the Senate and General Assembly on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools, July 1, 2004 to June 30, 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Commissioner of Education's Report on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools is submitted annually to the education committees of the Senate and Assembly of the New Jersey State Legislature. It provides the Legislature with data in four broad categories of incidents: violence, vandalism, weapons, and substance

  12. Linking Childhood and Adult Criminality: Using a Life Course Framework to Examine Childhood Abuse and Neglect, Substance Use and Adult Partner Violence

    PubMed Central

    Minh, Anita; Matheson, Flora I.; Daoud, Nihaya; Hamilton-Wright, Sarah; Pedersen, Cheryl; Borenstein, Heidi; O’Campo, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    Child abuse and neglect, considered criminal acts under the Criminal Code of Canada, play an important role in substance use, violence, and other criminal behaviour in adulthood. We adopted the life course perspective to identify modifiable contextual influences and co-occurring individual, social, and familial determinants associated with adult criminality. Using in-depth interview data, a sub-sample of 13 women who had recently experienced intimate partner violence, recounted their experiences of childhood abuse, their own substance use or criminality, as well as implications of these factors on their children’s life trajectories. For the purposes of this paper criminality was defined as child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, illegal substance use and underage alcohol use. Our objective was to explore, in our data: (1) patterns and trajectories of criminality from childhood to adulthood among women who were victims of violence, and (2) cumulative effects of early life exposures on experiences of criminality; with the aim of describing the life course perspective as a useful framework to understand criminality along the life trajectory. The analysis was not designed to demonstrate causal connections between early childhood and adulthood experiences of criminality. Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. PMID:24169410

  13. Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa.

    PubMed

    Wong, Frank Y; Huang, Z Jennifer; DiGangi, Julia A; Thompson, Estina E; Smith, Brian D

    2008-02-01

    Because men account for nearly half of the HIV cases in South Africa, it is critical to understand the contexts in which they live and the behaviors in which they engage. The purpose of this study was to describe and examine gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town. We found that recent exposure to intimate partner violence among men was associated with all forms of drug use, whereas women who were recently abused were more likely to suffer from depression and problem drinking. We also found high levels of problem drinking among both men (58%) and women (42%). Men were more likely to use drugs. Exposure to community violence increased sexual risk behaviors among men. Overall, these gender differences have important implications for alcohol and drug prevention strategies as they relate to HIV transmission risk. PMID:18312067

  14. The Tangled Branches (Las Ramas Enredadas): Sexual Risk, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence Among Hispanic Men who Have Sex with Men

    PubMed Central

    De Santis, Joseph P.; Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa; Provencio-Vasquez, Elias; Deleon, Diego A.

    2012-01-01

    Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM) experience a number of health disparities including high rates of HIV infection from high risk sex, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence. Although some research is available to document the relationships of these health disparities in the literature, few studies have explored the intersection of these disparities and the factors that influence them. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences that Hispanic MSM residing in South Florida have with high risk sex, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence. Focus groups were conducted and analyzed using grounded theory methodology until data saturation was reached (n = 20). Two core categories with subcategories emerged from the data: The Roots of Risk (Los raices del riesgo) and The Tangled Branches (Las Ramas Enredadas). The results of the study provided some important clinical implications as well as directions for future research with Hispanic MSM. PMID:24084703

  15. Domestic Violence & Abuse Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Domestic Violence & Abuse Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships Domestic violence and abuse can is the first step to ending it. No one should live in fear of the person they love. If you recognize yourself, occurs when one person in an intimate relationship or marriage tries to dominate and control the other

  16. Formative Evaluation of Home Visitors' Role in Addressing Poor Mental Health, Domestic Violence, and Substance Abuse Among Low-Income Pregnant and Parenting Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Darius Tandon; Kathleen M. Parillo; Carrie Jenkins; Anne K. Duggan

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: This research assessed home visitor effectiveness in communicating about and responding to poor mental health, domestic\\u000a violence, and substance abuse among pregnant and parenting women home visited as part of a comprehensive family support strategy\\u000a in seven urban communities. Methods: Cross-sectional studies were conducted with mothers (n = 189) actively engaged in home visitation programs and home visitors (n

  17. Substance Abuse/Use

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Video Games Video Sharing Sites Webcasts/ Webinars Widgets Wikis Follow Us on New Media News & Events Awareness ... users when they are included as part of medical and substance abuse treatment and prevention services. Syringe ...

  18. Gun Violence: Making Connections with Suicide, Domestic Violence, and Substance Abuse. Join Together Action Kit, Spring 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Join Together, Boston, MA.

    Frequently, firearm fatalities occur in the context of domestic violence, suicide, or acts committed under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs. Because gun violence is related to these other social problems, it must be considered more than just a criminal justice issue. It is also a public health issue that should be addressed by domestic…

  19. Adolescent Substance Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorne, Craig R.; DeBlassie, Richard R.

    1985-01-01

    Cummings (1979), citing evidence from the National Institute of Drug Abuse, reports that one of every eleven adult Americans suffers from a severe addictive problem. Drug addiction is epidemic among teenagers; one of every six teenagers suffers from a severe addictive problem. This paper focuses on adolescent drug/substance abuse. (Author)

  20. Concurrent Treatment of Substance Abuse, Child Neglect, Bipolar Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Domestic Violence: A Case Examination Involving Family Behavior Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Donohue, Brad C.; Romero, Valerie; Herdzik, Karen; Lapota, Holly; Al, Ruwida Abdel; Allen, Daniel N.; Azrin, Nathan H.; Van Hasselt, Vincent B.

    2012-01-01

    High rates of co-occurrence between substance abuse and child neglect have been well documented and especially difficult to treat. As a first step in developing a comprehensive evidence-based treatment for use in this population, the present case examination underscores Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) in the treatment of a mother who evidenced Substance Dependence, child neglect, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar I Disorder, and domestic violence. Utilizing psychometrically validated self-report inventories and objective urinalysis, treatment was found to result in the cessation of substance use, lower risk of child maltreatment, improved parenting attitudes and practices, and reduced instances of violence in the home. The importance of utilizing validity scales in the assessment of referrals from child welfare settings is discussed, and future directions are reported in light of the results. PMID:23457426

  1. A Family Perspective for Substance Abuse: Implications from the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth J. Gruber; Melissa Floyd Taylor

    2006-01-01

    This paper calls for researchers and treatment providers to increase their recognition of the role that family and family functioning has for understanding the incidence and impact of substance abuse. Substance abuse is identified as a family problem by exploring its occurrence within families as well as its impact on marital relationship, family violence, and child abuse and neglect. The

  2. Substance abuse and prostitution.

    PubMed

    Silbert, M H; Pines, A M; Lynch, T

    1982-01-01

    A study of 200 street prostitutes documented a high prevalence of alcohol and drug abuse in their family of origin, during the drift into prostitution and as part of prostitution. Additionally, the study documented a high prevalence of substance abuse among the child molesters and rapists of the subjects. The existence of a relationship between substance abuse and prostitution in and of itself does not imply causality. It is not clear whether substance abuse is one of the factors that pushed these women into prostitution (as noted earlier, 55% of the subjects reported being addicted prior to their prostitution involvement) or whether it was prostitution that caused their drug involvement (30% became addicted following and 15% concurrently with their prostitution involvement). Most likely, both prostitution and substance abuse are the behavioral translations of these women's endless cycles of victimization and severely disturbed backgrounds, as well as an expression of the self-destructive pull, the sense of hopelessness, helplessness, negative self-concept and psychological paralysis reported by almost every subject in the study. PMID:7143150

  3. Substance Abuse and Depression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A. Renner; Jeffrey Baxter; Joji Suzuki; Domenic A. Ciraulo

    \\u000a Depression, complicated by substance abuse, is a common clinical problem and is often associated with poor clinical outcomes.\\u000a Clinicians need to understand the relationship between these two conditions and must adjust their treatment plans to address\\u000a both disorders simultaneously. It is critical that the clinician not confuse a substance-induced mood disorder with an independent\\u000a depressive disorder. Unfortunately, the relationship between

  4. Substance abuse in later life.

    PubMed Central

    D'Archangelo, E.

    1993-01-01

    Substance abuse affects an appreciable portion of the elderly population. Elderly people have characteristics that could hinder identification, diagnosis, intervention, and treatment of substance abuse. If physicians use strategies specific to the elderly, management is often successful. PMID:8219846

  5. Substance abuse during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Wheeler, S F

    1993-03-01

    Use and abuse of both licit and illicit drugs is common. Although certain variables can appropriately serve as markers for increased risk, the possibility of substance abuse should be considered in all pregnant women. Alcohol is the leading identified cause of teratogenesis by drugs or environmental agents; most other drugs of abuse do not increase the risk of congenital malformations on a large scale. Substance abuse can produce significant degrees of toxicity in both pregnant women and their offspring. Screening and counseling of pregnant women concerning past and present use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs should be routine. Prenatal care must include increased surveillance for drug-related complications; coordinated, comprehensive, family-oriented drug treatment; and social services. Rehabilitation and support efforts should continue after delivery and address issues that lead to and maintain patterns of abuse. The drug-exposed neonate must be anticipated and evaluated with a knowledge of the maternal drug abuse history and specific drug risks, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. Continuing care of the child should address the increased risk of developmental and behavioral problems from both prenatal exposures and continuing socioenvironmental barriers. PMID:8464941

  6. Substance abuse in women.

    PubMed

    Greenfield, Shelly F; Back, Sudie E; Lawson, Katie; Brady, Kathleen T

    2010-06-01

    Gender differences in substance use disorders (SUDs) and treatment outcomes for women with SUDs have been a focus of research in the last 15 years. This article reviews gender differences in the epidemiology of SUDs, highlighting the convergence of male/female prevalence ratios of SUDs in the last 20 years. The telescoping course of SUDs, recent research on the role of neuroactive gonadal steroid hormones in craving and relapse, and sex differences in stress reactivity and relapse to substance abuse are described. The role of co-occurring mood and anxiety, eating, and posttraumatic stress disorders is considered in the epidemiology, natural history, and treatment of women with SUDs. Women's use of alcohol, stimulants, opioids, cannabis, and nicotine are examined in terms of recent epidemiology, biologic and psychosocial effects, and treatment. Although women may be less likely to enter substance abuse treatment than men over the course of the lifetime, once they enter treatment, gender itself is not a predictor of treatment retention, completion, or outcome. Research on gender-specific treatments for women with SUDs and behavioral couples treatment has yielded promising results for substance abuse treatment outcomes in women. PMID:20385341

  7. Reviewing the Association between the History of Parental Substance Abuse and the Rate of Child Abuse

    PubMed Central

    Yaghoubi-Doust, Mahmoud

    2013-01-01

    Background Substance abuse is a social, and health problem in Middle Eastern countries such as Iran. One of its most devastating effects is domestic violence against children. This study examined the association between the history of parental substance abuse, and rate of child abuse in Ahvaz, Iran. Methods This was a case-control study. The study population included all parents with high school children in Ahwaz within the academic year 2012-2013. The sample size was 384 people in two groups; with a history of substance abuse (case group) and no history of substance abuse (control group). Multi-stage cluster random sampling method was used through the Cochran formula. The data collection tools included a Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) (Bernstein, 1995), a demographic questionnaire, Duncan Socioeconomic Index (DSI), and a researcher-made questionnaire for the history of substance abuse. For data analysis, statistical indicators such as percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and correlation and regression analysis were used. Findings Data analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation among parents with a history of substance abuse and domestic violence toward children. Mean and standard deviation of the violence level in families with normal parents were 61.34 ± 16.88, and in families with a history of substance abuse were 98.99 ± 32.07. Therefore, the test results showed that there was a significant difference between normal families and families with history of substance abuse and violence toward children (P < 0.001, t = 8.60). Conclusion Based on the findings, the history of domestic violence and parental substance abuse (physical and emotional abuse, emotional and physical neglect) had a significant positive correlation with their behavior toward their children. After matching the two groups we found that the most common types of violence against children by their parents were, respectively, emotional violence (r = 58%), physical neglect (r = 54%), emotional neglect (r = 46%), and then physical violence (r = 39%). PMID:24494169

  8. Crime and Substance Abuse

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This activity, developed by the Lane Community College MAPS GIS Program, asks students to use geographical information systems (GIS) to examine the correlations between crime and substance abuse. On this site, visitors will find links to the web-based GIS viewer needed to see and manipulate the data (there are links to the viewer on many servers) and to a student version of the activity which has complete instructions and questions for students to answer.

  9. Violence and Risk of PTSD, Major Depression, Substance Abuse\\/Dependence, and Comorbidity: Results From the National Survey of Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dean G. Kilpatrick; Kenneth J. Ruggiero; Ron Acierno; Benjamin E. Saunders; Heidi S. Resnick; Connie L. Best

    2003-01-01

    With a national household probability sample of 4,023 telephone-interviewed adolescents ages 12–17, this study provides prevalence, comorbidity, and risk-factor data for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive episode (MDE), and substance abuse\\/dependence (SA\\/D). Roughly 16% of boys and 19% of girls met criteria for at least 1 diagnosis. Six-month PTSD prevalence was 3.7% for boys and 6.3% for girls, 6-month

  10. Pathways to Adolescent Substance Use Among Sexually Abused Girls

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer A. Bailey; Laura Ann McCloskey

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the link between childhood sexual abuse and adolescent substance use among girls, and evaluated depressive self-concept and behavioral under-control (BUC) as pathways to substance use for sexually abused girls. Participants (n = 150) were drawn from a longitudinal study of the impact of domestic violence on the lives of women and children. Structural equation modeling revealed that

  11. Characteristics of Pregnant Teen Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions

    MedlinePLUS

    ... by other factors associated with teenage mothers, including poverty, homelessness, exposure to violence and crime, poor health, ... of Pregnant Teen Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions 5 Poverty was common among pregnant teen admissions, as indicated ...

  12. 76 FR 62293 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ...also live with the pain and heartbreak it causes. Relationships are destroyed, crime and violence blight communities, and dreams are shattered. Substance abuse touches every sector of our society, straining our health care and criminal justice...

  13. Parenting and substance abuse: A longitudinal analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marilyn Sylvia Goldstein

    2002-01-01

    The current study was designed to contribute to the overall understanding of the development of substance abuse in high-risk adolescent populations. It approached this goal by investigating: (a) the development of alcohol abuse and drug abuse in a sample of homeless adolescents; (b) the relationship of development in alcohol abuse and drug abuse to parental substance abuse, peer substance abuse,

  14. Treatment of Adolescent Substance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey M. Jenson; Matthew O. Howard; Joanne Yaffe

    1995-01-01

    Treatment of adolescent substance abuse poses difficult challenges to social work practitioners. Effective intervention requires awareness of assessment and treatment approaches and knowledge of individual, peer, and family factors that contribute to alcohol or drug use. Social work's emphasis on contextual factors in the etiology and maintenance of addictive disorders is an important contribution to substance abuse treatment. Practitioners are

  15. Drug Abuse and Partner Violence among Women in Methadone Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nabila El-Bassel; Louisa Gilbert; Robert Schilling; Takeshi Wada

    2000-01-01

    This study aims to (1) describe rates of lifetime and current partner abuse among women on methadone; (2) examine the relationship between partner violence and demographics, substance abuse, and drug risk behaviors; and (3) explore the association between a victim's current use of crack\\/cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and drug risk behavior after controlling for demographics, household composition, history of victimization and

  16. The genetics of substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Hardie, Thomas L

    2002-11-01

    Substance abuse is among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in males and contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality nurses see in practice. Substance use and abuse disorders were the cause of a half million drug-related visits to emergency rooms in 1995, with more than 50% related to drug overdoses. Substance abuse and dependency result from a complex interaction of genetics and the environment. Various polymorphisms of genes have been demonstrated to have either protective effects or increased risk associated with their presence. Substance abuse is a chronic disease state that has effective treatments that reduce drug use, crime, and psychosocial problems. Nurses can provide targeted education and interventions to positively impact substance abuse treatment and by applying basic principles of genetic counseling may prevent transmission to future generations. PMID:12473914

  17. SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services

    E-print Network

    Kunkle, Tom

    SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph and Substance Abuse Services · Undergraduate Academic Services · Dean of Students · Their Professor during

  18. The syndemic effects of intimate partner violence, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse on depression among low-income urban women.

    PubMed

    Illangasekare, Samantha; Burke, Jessica; Chander, Geetanjali; Gielen, Andrea

    2013-10-01

    Intimate partner violence (IPV), HIV/AIDS, and substance use are epidemics among low-income urban women that have been described together as the "SAVA syndemic" because of their co-occurring nature. This study examines the synergistic or "syndemic" effect of these three health issues on depression among urban women and evaluates social support as a protective factor that might reduce depressive symptoms associated with the Substance Abuse, Violence, and AIDS (SAVA) syndemic. Data from 445 urban women were collected through in-person interviews. All women were over the age of 18, not pregnant, English speaking, and reported having a main partner in the past year. Twenty-five percent had experienced all three factors of the SAVA syndemic (were HIV-positive, had experienced IPV in the past year, and had used cocaine or heroin in their lifetime). HIV-positive status, hard drug use, IPV, and low levels of social support were all individually associated with greater depressive symptoms. When controlling for demographics and other SAVA factors, IPV and hard drug use in the past 30 days remained associated with depressive symptoms, as did low social support. However, social support did not modify the effect of the SAVA factors on depression. Compared to women who experienced no SAVA factors, women who had experienced all three factors were 6.77 times more likely to have depressive symptoms. These findings confirm that IPV is significantly associated with depressive symptoms and that the syndemic impact of IPV, substance use, and HIV could have even more extreme effects on depression outcomes. PMID:23529665

  19. The Angry Patient: An Intervention for Managing Anger in Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert M. Awalt; Patrick M. Reilly; Michael S. Shopshire

    1997-01-01

    Patients who have problems controlling anger and aggression can pose special problems for substance abuse treatment providers. Levels of anger and violence are higher in substance abusers than in the general population. Although anger management treatments have been studied extensively, few treatments have been developed and studied with substance abusers. In this article, we evaluated an anger management treatment based

  20. Trends in Volatile Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry Spiller; Douglas J. Lorenz

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to evaluate whether social, geographic, and demographic factors have a relationship to trends in volatile substance abuse. Two datasets were obtained. Dataset 1 was all patients reported to U.S. poison centers with inhalation abuse of a non-pharmaceutical substance between 2000 and 2005. Dataset 2 was annual data from the U.S. Dept of Labor and

  1. Substance abuse among sex offenders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Langevin; Reuben A. Lang

    1990-01-01

    A total of 461 male sex offenders were compared on their histories of alcohol and street drug use. The Drug Use Survey, Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), and Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) were examined to provide measures of 1) type and frequency of substance use, 2) mood on alcohol and drugs, and 3) alcoholism and drug abuse. Most sex

  2. Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness

    MedlinePLUS

    ... diagnosis fact sheet.] Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Dual diagnosis is a term used to describe ... What is the relationship between substance use and mental illness? The relationship between mental illness and substance abuse ...

  3. Adolescent Substance Abuse and Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dhawan, Anju; Balhara, Yatan Pal Singh; Natasha, M. Phil.

    2007-01-01

    Adolescent substance abuse is a major public health concern. It is associated with an increased incidence of various psychiatric disorders like depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and conduct disorders and the relationship between mental and behavioral disorders and the substance use problems seems…

  4. Violence between Couples: Profiling the Male Abuser.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponzetti,James J. Jr.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Presents an integrative review of the literature on spousal violence as it relates to the abusive male. Suggests various issues that need to be addressed before effective intervention with abusive males can proceed. (Author)

  5. Antitussives and substance abuse

    PubMed Central

    Burns, Jarrett M; Boyer, Edward W

    2013-01-01

    Abuse of antitussive preparations is a continuing problem in the United States and throughout the world. Illicit, exploratory, or recreational use of dextromethorphan and codeine/promethazine cough syrups is widely described. This review describes the pharmacology, clinical effects, and management of toxicity from commonly abused antitussive formulations. PMID:24648790

  6. Cumulative Environmental Risk in Substance Abusing Women: Early Intervention, Parenting Stress, Child Abuse Potential and Child Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Susan J.

    2003-01-01

    A study of 161 substance-abusing mothers assessed 10 maternal risk factors: maternal depression; domestic violence; nondomestic violence; family size; incarceration; no significant other at home; negative life events; psychiatric problems; homelessness; and drug use severity. Parenting stress and child abuse potential was higher for women with…

  7. Methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine abuse in substance-abusing adolescents.

    PubMed

    Williams, Robert J; Goodale, Leslie A; Shay-Fiddler, Michele A; Gloster, Susan P; Chang, Samuel Y

    2004-01-01

    The prevalence of methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine misuse and abuse was examined in 450 adolescents referred for substance abuse treatment. Twenty three percent reported nonmedical use of these substances and six percent were diagnosed as methylphenidate or dextroamphetamine abusers. Abuse was more common in individuals who were out of school and had an eating disorder. Methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine abuse appears to be much less common than abuse of most other substances. It does occur, however, and parents and schools need to exert greater control over the dispensing of these medications. Physicians are advised to prescribe non-stimulant medications (eg, bupropion) when treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in substance-abusing individuals. PMID:15370936

  8. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. Revised Guidelines Updated guidelines for ... to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. 1 Choke Cherry Road ? Rockville, ...

  9. Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes for Adolescents With Violent Behaviors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bushra Sabri; Julie K. Williams; Douglas C. Smith; Mijin Jang; James A. Hall

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether substance-abusing adolescents with co-occurring violent behaviors showed reduction in these behaviors after exposure to outpatient drug treatment. Using a longitudinal research design, adolescents were classified based on 3 levels of the violence reported at intake and were assessed at 3 and 6 months following intake. The high-violence group showed significant reductions

  10. Substance Abuse Policies in Ohio Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, William

    Ohio substance abuse policies, discipline codes, and educational drug abuse prevention programs are reviewed. An effective substance abuse policy is an essential element in the school's efforts to deal with drug and alcohol use. In many U.S. schools, the use of alcohol and drugs interferes with the education process, and it appears that substance

  11. PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN

    E-print Network

    West, Mike

    PROFILING SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROVIDER TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS || James F. Burgess, Jr process monitor for systems delivering substance abuse care is follow-up outpatient care within a certain number of days after inpa- tient substance abuse discharges. The VA system provides ten years

  12. Suicide, Violence, and Abuse: The School's Responsibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guetzloe, Eleanor

    1988-01-01

    The introduction to the special issue looks at the implications for school policy and special education of increasing suicide, abuse, and violence. Nine school responsibilities and three levels of prevention (primary, secondary, and tertiary) are identified. (DB)

  13. The Many Victims of Substance Abuse

    PubMed Central

    2007-01-01

    Substance abuse is a complicated disorder and has far reaching consequences. The victims of substance abuse extend beyond the unfortunate ones suffering from this disorder and often include family and friends. Treatment options for substance abuse are many; however, positive outcomes are not always guaranteed. Many factors play into the potential for successful treatment. Some of these include the adherence and motivation of the substance abusing patients as well as patients' surrounding environments and support systems. In this article, we present a clinical case of opioid dependence and discuss various treatment options and modalities. We will discuss different variables that may maximize positive treatment outcomes. Also a review of the current literature regarding substance abuse treatment, psychotherapy with the drug abuser, and grief therapy should the substance abusing patient die for the surviving family members will be presented. PMID:20532120

  14. SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services

    E-print Network

    Kasman, Alex

    of drug and alcohol abuse "hookups" vs. lasting relationships - conflict between "get a degree" vs "avoidSUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph · Their Residence Assistant or the RHD · Center for Student Learning · Counseling and Substance Abuse Services

  15. Instruments for Assessing Substance Abuse: A Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Matthew E.; Plescia, Joanne

    A review of the assessment literature on substance abuse has revealed 27 separate instruments for assessing substance abuse. These include 22 alcohol instruments and five instruments for assessing other drug abuse. The instruments are listed in a table that provides the title, source, description, population, and psychometric properties of each…

  16. Children of Mothers with Histories of Substance Abuse, Mental Illness, and Trauma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanDeMark, Nancy R.; Russell, Lisa A.; O'Keefe, Maura; Finkelstein, Norma; Noether, Chanson D.; Gampel, Joanne C.

    2005-01-01

    Children exposed to parental substance abuse, mental illness, and violence face profound challenges, including increased risk for emotional and behavioral problems, substance abuse, and victimization. In this article, we describe the characteristics of a sample of children of women entering treatment. These children had been exposed to domestic…

  17. 3 CFR 8728 - Proclamation 8728 of October 3, 2011. National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2011

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...communities also live with the pain and heartbreak it causes. Relationships are destroyed, crime and violence blight communities, and dreams are shattered. Substance abuse touches every sector of our society, straining our health care and criminal justice...

  18. Chancellor's Memorandum CM-38 Substance Abuse Policy

    E-print Network

    Chancellor's Memorandum CM-38 ­ Substance Abuse Policy To: Vice Chancellors, Deans, Administrative, or being under the influence of alcohol and the illegal use, abuse, possession, manufacture, dispensation with this policy. III. Purpose Alcohol abuse and the illegal use or abuse of other drugs is associated

  19. Infant of a substance-abusing mother

    MedlinePLUS

    IUDE; Intrauterine drug exposure; Maternal drug abuse ... Maternal substance abuse may consist of any combination of drug, chemical, alcohol, and/or tobacco use during the pregnancy. While in the womb, a fetus grows and develops ...

  20. Substance abuse and oral health: an overview.

    PubMed

    van Zyl, A W

    2014-02-01

    Substance abuse is a worldwide phenomenon. It is on the increase in most countries and claims the lives of millions every year. Substance abuse may involve licit and illicit drugs, with licit substances claiming more lives than illicit drugs. Illicit substance abuse is on the increase, especially with new drugs emerging on the world market every year. These new drugs appear faster than scientific studies can keep pace in determining their possible detrimental influences on health. Many abused drugs do have oral health complications. For this reason, it is important for dentists to have a thorough knowledge of the oral environment to be able to detect any abnormalities, regardless of what the underlying cause may be. Due to the nature of illicit substance abuse, reliable information and science is hard to come by. This overview will focus on the direct consequences for oral health, whilst acknowledging that substance abuse may also have direct and indirect influences on general health. PMID:24741841

  1. Substance abuse in the refining industry

    SciTech Connect

    Little, A. Jr. (Sun Refining and Marketing Co., Philadelphia, PA (US)); Ross, J.K. (Ashalnd Petroleum Co., Ashland, KY (US)); Lavorerio, R. (Chevron U.S.A. Inc., Richmond, CA (US)); Richards, T.A. (Total Petroleum, Inc., Denver, CO (US))

    1989-01-01

    In order to provide some background for the NPRA Annual Meeting Management Session panel discussion on Substance Abuse in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, NPRA distributed a questionnaire to member companies requesting information regarding the status of their individual substance abuse policies. The questionnaire was designed to identify general trends in the industry. The aggregate responses to the survey are summarized in this paper, as background for the Substance Abuse panel discussions.

  2. Substance abuse, pathological gambling, and impulsiveness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy M Petry

    2001-01-01

    This study evaluated behavioral and self-report indices of impulsiveness in pathological gambling substance abusers (n=27), non-pathological gambling substance abusers (n=63), and non-pathological gambling\\/non-substance abusing controls (n=21). The Bechara card task measured preferences for decks of cards that ranged in magnitude and probability of delayed and immediate rewards and punishers. The Stanford Time Perception Inventory (STPI) assessed orientation to the future,

  3. Substance abuse prevention: A developmental skills approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth Smasal Adix; Terry Kelly; David Rosenthal

    1984-01-01

    A school-based substance abuse prevention program is presented. This model focuses on the use of group work and enhancing individual developmental skills as useful prevention techniques.SUMMARYThe curriculum was developed to decrease substance use\\/abuse behavior of young people. This program has been expanded to include parent groups as a complement to the school programming. In addition to providing accurate substance use\\/abuse

  4. National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    The National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI) has developed the National Substance Abuse Web Index (NSAWI) to provide rapid access to high quality, authoritative information on substance abuse prevention and treatment. The NSAWI currently indexes all documents residing on 24 private and government Websites, including the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), among others. The NSAWI offers a local search engine, allowing users to conduct broadcast searches of all indexed sites. However, the rudimentary search facility limits users to keyword queries.

  5. Relative contributions of parent substance use and childhood maltreatment to chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems among homeless women: mediating roles of self-esteem and abuse in adulthood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith A Stein; Michelle Burden Leslie; Adeline Nyamathi

    2002-01-01

    Objective: This study, using latent variable methodology, explores simultaneously the relative effects of childhood abuse and early parental substance abuse on later chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems in a sample of homeless women. We also examine whether self-esteem and recent violence can serve as mediators between the childhood predictors and the dysfunctional outcomes.Method: The sample consists of 581

  6. Women and Substance Abuse Problems

    PubMed Central

    Cormier, Renée A; Dell, Colleen Anne; Poole, Nancy

    2004-01-01

    Health Issues Differences exist in the prevalence and physical health impacts of problem substance use among men and women. These differences are also found in the mental health and trauma events related to substance use, barriers to treatment and harm-reduction services and the impact of substance use on pregnancy and parenting. Data from the 2000–2001 Canadian Community Health Survey and Canada's Alcohol and Other Drugs Survey (1994) were used to explore this issue further. Key Findings While women use alcohol and illicit drugs at lower rates than men, the health impact of their use is significant, and in some cases greater than for men. Women are more likely to use prescribed psychoactive drugs (e.g. pain relievers, sleeping pills, tranquillizers) and most of these drugs have addictive potential and long-term negative consequences on health. Research collected from treatment centres in Canada show high rates of victimization experienced by women, which have implications for both their substance use treatment and improvement in mental health. Data Gaps and Recommendations Significant gaps exist in our knowledge on the level, type, and impact of substance use and the adequacy of programming for Canadian women. Information that might be used to guide prevention initiatives, such as the amount of alcohol that might safely be used in pregnancy and the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome, related birth defects and developmental disabilities are unknown. Improved surveillance, sensitive and comprehensive screening for substance use problems, accessible treatment and harm reduction programming, and coordination with the mental health and violence fields are recommended. PMID:15345071

  7. Exposure to violence among substance-dependent pregnant women and their children.

    PubMed

    Velez, Martha L; Montoya, Ivan D; Jansson, Lauren M; Walters, Vickie; Svikis, Dace; Jones, Hendree E; Chilcoat, Howard; Campbell, Jacquelyn

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the prevalence of exposure to violence among drug-dependent pregnant women attending a multidisciplinary perinatal substance abuse treatment program. Participants (N = 715) completed the Violence Exposure Questionnaire within 7 days after their admission to the program. Their rates of lifetime abuse ranged from 72.7% for physical abuse to 71.3% for emotional abuse to 44.5% for sexual abuse. Their rates of abuse remained high during their current pregnancy, ranging from 40.9% for emotional abuse to 20.0% for physical abuse to 7.1% for sexual abuse. Nearly one third of the women reported having physical fights with their current partner (lifetime), and 25% of these women reported that children were present during those physical fights. A total of 30% of the women perceived a need for counseling regarding exposure to violence for themselves and 15% perceived a need for counseling for their children. Study findings confirm previous reports of high rates of abuse and violence exposure among substance-abusing pregnant women and their strong need for counseling for psychosocial sequelae. This study affirmed the value of routine screening for violence exposure in this at-risk population as well as the need to train therapists in specific strategies for helping such women address this complex array of problems. PMID:16377450

  8. 78 FR 61815 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-04

    ...September 30, 2013 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2013 By the...fatalities. This month, we recognize substance abuse prevention programs across our...integral role in preventing youth substance abuse, we must lead by example,...

  9. 77 FR 60615 - National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ...of October 1, 2012 National Substance Abuse Prevention Month, 2012 By the...tragically short, the consequences of substance abuse are profound. Yet, we also...all those working to prevent substance abuse in our communities, and we...

  10. Juvenile Drug Courts and Teen Substance Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butts, Jeffrey A., Ed.; Roman, John, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Juvenile justice officials across the United States are embracing a new method of dealing with adolescent substance abuse. Importing a popular innovation from adult courts, state and local governments have started hundreds of specialized drug courts to provide judicial supervision and coordinate substance abuse treatment for drug-involved…

  11. Substance Abuse in Families: Educational Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Rivka

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the teacher's role as an advocate for a child's educational needs when parents are involved in substance abuse treatment. Discusses substance abuse treatment issues, including addiction, the treatment process, and agencies involved with the family, and provides a list of recommendations for educators and administrators to assist…

  12. Treatment Services for Adolescent Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beverly Pringle; Jerry Flanzer

    Adolescent substance abuse has been a public health concern for decades, but the scientific knowledge base on the services engaged to treat this problem is comparatively new. This nascent knowledge base is poised to expand exponentially, as researchers and treatment providers struggle to meet a rising demand for evidence-based treatment services. Until recently, research on adolescent substance abuse consisted primarily

  13. RELAPSE PREVENTION MODELS FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RICHARD A. RAWSON; JEANNE L. OBERT; MICHAEL J. McCANN; PATRICIA MARINELLI-CASEY

    1993-01-01

    Relapse prevention (RP) techniques have been integrated into numerous aspects of substance abuse treatment and research. One of the most promising uses of RP techniques is to provide a conceptual framework for the delivery of outpatient drug-free substance abuse treatment. A number of writers and researchers have produced models of treatment using RP principles as the central philosophy and methodology.

  14. Characterizing substance abuse programs that treat adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tami L. Mark; Xue Song; Rita Vandivort; Sarah Duffy; Jutta Butler; Rosanna Coffey; Vernon F. Schabert

    2006-01-01

    Few systematic studies have examined the characteristics of substance abuse treatment programs serving adolescents. An expert panel recently identified nine key elements of effective adolescent substance abuse treatment. We measured the percentage of treatment programs in the United States with at least 10 adolescent clients on a given day that reported these elements using data from the 2003 National Survey

  15. Substance Abuse in African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harriet Curtis-Boles; Valata Jenkins-Monroe

    2000-01-01

    Limited attention to ethnicity in research on substance abuse and women has resulted in assumptions that may not fit the experience of women of color. This study employed a combined quantitative and qualitative design to investigate substance abuse in African American women ages 21 to 48. Life experiences of women with histories of chemical dependence were compared with women who

  16. SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Counseling & Substance Abuse Services

    E-print Network

    Kasman, Alex

    SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Counseling & Substance Abuse Services Director, Frank Budd, Ph Services · Office of Disability Services · Their Residence Assistant or the RHD · Counseling and Substance Abuse Services · Office of Undergraduate Admissions · Dean of Students There are MANY others!!! #12

  17. PTSD Substance abuse comorbidity and treatment utilization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pamela J. Brown; Patricia R. Recupero; Robert Stout

    1995-01-01

    The present study investigates the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of treatment-seeking substance abusers and examines the relationship between PTSD comorbidity and rates of inpatient substance abuse treatment. Eightyfour patients (48 male and 36 female) admitted for detoxification at a private hospital were administered self-report measures of lifetime stressor events, PTSD symptomatology, and prior treatment history.

  18. Harm Reduction in MSW Substance Abuse Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eversman, Michael H.

    2012-01-01

    Professional social work largely has endorsed the empirically supported paradigm of harm reduction in relation to substance abuse issues. Despite literature detailing similarities between social work and harm reduction, little is known about its presence in MSW substance abuse coursework. A purposive sample of 133 social work faculty from…

  19. Motivation and Community Prevention of Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip A. May; Joseph H. Miller; Nina Wallerstein

    1993-01-01

    The topic of motivation, although integral to most behavioral health initiatives, is rarely addressed directly in the public health literature dealing with communitywide efforts to prevent substance abuse. After reviewing the development of community mobilization as it is applied in disease prevention, we compare the principles used in a motivationally based brief treatment of substance-abusing individuals with the ideas and

  20. An Integral Approach to Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana S. Amodia; Carol Cano; Michele J. Eliason

    2005-01-01

    There is a pressing need in the substance abuse field for more comprehensive models of etiology and treatment that address the complex issues of addiction, including the biological, social, cultural, spiritual and developmental needs of individuals and groups. This article presents a theoretical framework for an integral approach to substance abuse that expands on the existing biopsychosocial model. One contribution

  1. Clinical Variations of Adolescent Substance Abuse:

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Cynthia, PhD

    2004-01-01

    This study was designed to establish and validate a multidimensional empirically based typology of clinically referred adolescent substance abusers. A total of 141 adolescent substance abusers, most of whom were male, African-American, and juvenile justice involved, comprised the study sample. Youth and their parents completed comprehensive…

  2. Substance Abuse and the American Indian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bill, Willard E.

    This guide introduces concerns and problems resulting from the use and abuse of alcohol and drugs among American Indian youth and addresses intergenerational substance abuse effects. Alcohol abuse among American Indians and Alaska Natives is the most visible effect of their cultural disruption and disorganization. Alcoholism among Native Americans…

  3. Updated: 12/2012 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification

    E-print Network

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    Updated: 12/2012 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification Substance abuse continues to be a major abuse. UMBC Substance Abuse policy is multifaceted and designed to: · foster a safe and healthy campus associated with substances abuse; · inform members of the UMBC community about: o the health risk associated

  4. Updated: 04/2013 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    Updated: 04/2013 UMBC Substance Abuse Policy Notification Substance abuse continues to be a major abuse. UMBC Substance Abuse policy is multifaceted and designed to: · foster a safe and healthy campus associated with substances abuse; · inform members of the UMBC community about: o the health risk associated

  5. The mediating role of avoidance coping between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, mental health, and substance abuse among women experiencing bidirectional IPV.

    PubMed

    Flanagan, Julianne C; Jaquier, Véronique; Overstreet, Nicole; Swan, Suzanne C; Sullivan, Tami P

    2014-12-15

    Avoidance coping is consistently linked with negative mental health outcomes among women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). This study extended the literature examining the potentially mediating role of avoidance coping strategies on both mental health and substance use problems to a highly generalizable, yet previously unexamined population (i.e., women experiencing bidirectional IPV) and examined multiple forms of IPV (i.e., psychological, physical, and sexual) simultaneously. Among a sample of 362 women experiencing bidirectional IPV, four separate path models were examined, one for each outcome variable. Avoidance coping mediated the relationships between psychological and sexual IPV victimization and the outcomes of PTSD symptom severity, depression severity, and drug use problems. Findings indicate nuanced associations among IPV victimization, avoidance coping, and mental health and substance use outcomes. PMID:25174851

  6. Gender differences in adolescent substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angelica Kloos; Ronald A. Weller; Rebecca Chan; Elizabeth B. Weller

    2009-01-01

    Gender differences in the epidemiology, comorbidities, and treatment responses of substance abuse have been described in adults.\\u000a However, a growing body of data suggests that gender differences also exist in adolescents with substance abuse. Unfortunately,\\u000a research is still limited in this age group. This article reviews gender differences in the diagnosis, presentation, course\\u000a of illness, and treatment response of substance

  7. Substance abuse among oral healthcare workers.

    PubMed

    Marnewick, J C; van Zyl, A W

    2014-05-01

    The abuse of both licit and illicit substances by the general population affects at least one in ten people. Research shows that the oral healthcare worker has at least the same prevalence of substance abuse, perhaps even higher. The emergence of prescription drug abuse is one of the most worrying and dangerous aspects for the healthcare worker, due to ease of access to such drugs. According to the United Nations, prescription drug abuse is amongst the top three practices of substance abuse. We have an obligation to incorporate the evidence of substance abuse among oral healthcare professionals in our undergraduate dental curricula in order to combat this phenomenon. As the stress of daily survival in single practitioner practices increase, so will the danger of substance abuse. This may lead to impairment of the healthcare worker and ultimately loss of registration. It will take a combined effort from organised dentistry and academic institutions to establish a national strategy to ensure we address this important issue at undergraduate level and provide support at practitioner level. This paper will deal with substance abuse and the implications of impairment it holds for the oral healthcare worker. PMID:24984387

  8. Psychiatric Comorbidity Among Inpatient Substance Abusing Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrantes, Ana M.; Brown, Sandra A.; Tomlinson, Kristin L.

    2004-01-01

    We studied the association between type, severity and sequencing of psychopathology and these same dimensions of substance involvement among inpatient substance-abusing adolescents with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Adolescents (N = 140, 54% female; 15.9 years) meeting DSM-III-R criteria for a substance use disorder and at least one other Axis I…

  9. Science and policy in substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephan Arndt

    2006-01-01

    Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (SATPP) is an open access, peer-reviewed international journal of original research and scholarship that focuses on policy issues in the treatment and prevention of substance use disorders. Separate and often disparate public systems deal with substance use problems as well as provide treatment and prevention. This journal will provide an environment for the exchange

  10. Substance use and domestic violence among urban gays, lesbians and bisexuals.

    PubMed

    Bimbi, David S; Palmadessa, Nancy A; Parsons, Jeffrey T

    2007-01-01

    Many research studies have identified the co-occurrence of substance use/abuse and domestic violence among heterosexual couples. The present study examined this phenomenon in a large urban sample (N = 1048) of lesbians and gay men attending community events. Nearly one-fourth reported physical domestic violence, and over one-third reported nonphysical domestic violence with a same-gender partner. Women were more likely to report physical domestic violence as well as some forms of nonphysical domestic violence. Further, differences in substance use among victims of domestic violence varied by gender and type of violence. These findings indicate that domestic violence in this population differs from heterosexual couples and further research is necessary to appropriately tailor services to meet their needs. PMID:19835036

  11. Substance Abuse Education: Perceived Competence of Field Instructors on Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shelley A. Steenrod; Margaret van Bael

    2010-01-01

    Substance use is an undeniable problem in the United States. Field instructors are called on to supervise social work students on how to help address substance abuse issues. This exploratory study seeks to understand the perceived competence field instructors have in their ability to supervise students on the knowledge, skills, and values needed to work with individuals with substance abuse

  12. Substance Abuse Substance abuse refers to a maladaptive pattern of

    E-print Network

    Meagher, Mary

    not apply to nicotine and caffeine · Interactions of other disorders with drug abuse (Diagnostic) · Not all tolerance drugs show abuse ­ Cessation of drug-taking leads to intense physiological disturbances are produced by · Drugs of abuse (amphetamine and cocaine) · Natural reinforcers (food for a hungry rat

  13. Substance abuse in schizophrenia: service utilization and costs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen J. Bartels; Gregory B. Teague; Robert E. Drake; Robin E. Clark; Philip W. Bush; Douglas L. Noordsy

    1993-01-01

    Utilization and cost of institutional and outpatient services were prospectively measured over 1 year for three groups of schizophrenic patients: current substance abusers, past substance abusers, and those without a history of substance abuse. Current abusers had significantly greater utilization and cost of institutional (hospital and jail) services. Current abusers also had greater utilization of emergency services. There were no

  14. Is Screening for Depression in the Perinatal Period Enough? The Co-Occurrence of Depression, Substance Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence in Culturally Diverse Pregnant Women

    PubMed Central

    Hazen, Andrea L.; Baker-Ericzén, Mary J.; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah McCue

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background The perinatal period provides unique opportunities to identify and intervene with the co-occurrence of perinatal depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use problems. Psychosocial screening recommended for women seen in maternal child health settings tends to target single rather than multiple risk factors; there is limited research examining the co-occurrence of these issues especially in racially and ethnically diverse women across the perinatal period. These analyses explore the relationships of sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics in a large, diverse sample of women. Method Women receiving perinatal services at routinely scheduled visits, including the 6-week postpartum visit, were recruited from 10 community obstetric/gynecologic clinics. Data were collected on perinatal depression, IPV, maternal substance use, and sociodemographic characteristics by bilingual, bicultural research assistants. Results A total of 1868 women were screened, 1526 (82%) Latina, 1099 (58.8%) interviewed in Spanish; 20.4% (n=382) screened positive for depressive symptoms based on an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 10 or above, 20.9% reported harmful drinking, 4.3% reported drug use, 23% reported substance use problems, and 3.5% reported current or recent IPV. Women who were Black, Asian, Pacific Islander, or other race/ethnicity had greater odds for depressive symptoms relative to women who were Hispanic or Latino (odds ratio [OR]=1.81, p=0.005). Women reporting substance use problems (OR=2.37, p<0.0001) and IPV (OR=3.98, p<0.0001) had higher odds for depressive symptoms. Conclusion In a predominately Latina sample, 1 in 5 mothers (20.4%) screened positive for depressive symptoms and over one third (36.7%) reported one or more psychosocial issues during the perinatal period. Screening for multiple risk factors rather than just one can help clinicians tailor interventions for the successful management of psychosocial issues. PMID:23931153

  15. Substance use before and during pregnancy: links to intimate partner violence.

    PubMed

    Martin, Sandra L; Beaumont, Jennifer L; Kupper, Lawrence L

    2003-08-01

    Although some research has found links between women's experiences of intimate partner violence and their use of substances, little research has examined how this potential relationship changes when women become pregnant. Furthermore, most of the past research examining women's experiences of intimate partner violence and their use of substances has focused on only one type of violence, typically, physical assault. Thus less is known concerning how other important forms of violence, such as psychological aggression and sexual coercion, may be related to women's substance use and substance abuse disorders. This research studies 85 prenatal care patients to describe the women's use of alcohol and illicit drugs, both before and during pregnancy, in relation to their experiences of various types of intimate partner violence before and during pregnancy (including psychological aggression, physical abuse, and sexual coercion). The Conflict Tactics Scales 2 was used to assess the women's experiences of intimate partner violence. The women were asked about their frequency of alcohol use, and alcohol using women were administered a short version of the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test to assess the women for symptoms of alcohol disorder. The women's use of illicit drugs was assessed by asking the women about their frequencies of various types of drug use and drug using women were administered the Drug Abuse Screening Test to assess the women for symptoms of drug disorder. The results showed that before pregnancy, women who were physically assaulted by their partners were somewhat more likely to drink alcohol and use illicit drugs compared with women who did not experience such violence, even though these differences did not reach the traditional level of statistical significance; however, among the substance using women, those who experienced each type of violence were more likely to be frequent users of substances compared with the non-victims, and they evidenced a greater number of substance disorder symptoms compared with the non-victims. After the women became pregnant, the links between women's experiences of intimate partner violence and their use of substances became stronger, with the women who experienced each type of partner violence being more likely to use both alcohol and illicit drugs. Furthermore, among the substance-using women, those who were psychologically and physically abused had somewhat elevated levels of substance disorder symptoms during pregnancy compared with women who did not suffer such victimization. These findings underscore the importance of providing routine screening for various types of violent victimization and substance use within the context of many types of women's health care settings, including substance abuse treatment programs, domestic violence programs, and prenatal care services. PMID:14510043

  16. Supervision of Substance Abuse Counselors Using the Integrated Developmental Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher E. Anderson

    2001-01-01

    Little has been written about the supervision of substance abuse counselors. Even less has been written about the application of supervision models in substance abuse counseling. The supervision of substance abuse counselors has been described as vague, fragmented and even nonexistent. In order to provide effective supervision of substance abuse counselors, it would be helpful for the supervisor to use

  17. Evaluating and Improving VA Substance Abuse Patients' Care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rudolf H. Moos; Keith Humphreys; Paige Crosby Ouimette; John Finney

    1999-01-01

    The VA has implemented a nationwide evaluation program to monitor process and outcome of care for substance abuse patients. This program focuses on the changing characteristics of VA substance abuse patients and treatment services and involves outcome-based evaluations of major VA substance abuse treatment modalities. Initial findings show that VA substance abuse patients, including patients with concomitant psychiatric disorders, improve

  18. Skeptical Attunement: Modifying Psychodynamic Technique for Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen Frieder; Roy Futterman; Susan Silverman

    2006-01-01

    Despite enormous advances in the field brought on by psychology's reintegration, modern substance abuse treatment fails to adequately treat substance abusers' emotional lives.Objectives: Psychodynamic technique can fill this gap by addressing the emotional discomfort and disconnection that underlies much of substance abuse.Methods: A new model of substance abuse treatment integrating psychodynamic technique with recent developments in addiction treatment (harm reduction,

  19. Counseling Substance-Abusing Older Clients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, E. Douglas

    1998-01-01

    Substance-abuse problems among older adults, involving alcohol, medications, and illegal drugs may arise from such stress factors as unstructured time, relationships with friends, loss, side effects of medications, and irrational beliefs. (SK)

  20. Motivation to change substance use among offenders of domestic violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline Easton; Suzanne Swan; Rajita Sinha

    2000-01-01

    Substance use alone leads to increased rates of violence, reduction in adherence to treatment regimes, and other negative psychiatric sequelae. Given the high rates of co-occurring substance use and family violence-related problems, substance use was assessed among offenders of domestic violence who were mandated by court to attend anger management classes. Rates of substance dependence diagnoses ranged from 33 to

  1. Childhood predictors of adult substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irma Arteaga; Chin-Chih Chen; Arthur J. Reynolds

    2010-01-01

    Identification of the early determinants of substance abuse is a major focus of life course research. In this study, we investigated the child, family, and school-related antecedents of the onset and prevalence of substance abuse by age 26 for a cohort of 1208 low-income minority children in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Data on well-being have been collected prospectively since birth

  2. Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, Chemical Dependency

    E-print Network

    Thomas, David D.

    Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse, and Chemical Dependency Fall 2012 2 credits Phar 6249 #12 ­ Director of PRN Minnesota #12;This course serves as an overview of addiction, chemical abuse and chemical/06/12 3:35-4:25 Introduction Berkner/Sioris 4:40-5:30 Historical Perspectives of Addiction/Intoxication L

  3. Malignant Neglect: Substance Abuse and America's Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    This report on drug abuse in schools is based on 6 years of analysis, focus groups, and field investigations. Prior research has determined that if young people do not engage in smoking or substance abuse by age 21, their chances of engaging later are next to nothing. It has also been determined that next to parents, schools have the greatest…

  4. Family Medicine Curriculum Guide to Substance Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liepman, Michael R., Ed.; And Others

    This curriculum guide on substance abuse is intended for teachers of family medicine. Comments, learning objectives, teaching hints, and evaluations of knowledge are provided for each area in all chapters. Chapter 1 focuses on the pharmacology of commonly abused drugs including depressants, opioids, stimulants, hallucinogens, inhalants, and…

  5. Prepubertal sons of substance abusers: Influences of parental and familial substance abuse on behavioral disposition, IQ, and school achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard B. Moss; Michael Vanyukov; Partha P. Majumder; Levent Kirisci; Ralph E. Tarter

    1995-01-01

    In order to better understand the transgeneration liability for a substance abuse disorder, we investigated the impact of parental and familial substance abuse disorders on prepubertal boys. Specifically, the influence of each parent's substance abuse history and the effects of significant family aggregation of substance abuse disorders were tested as predictors of the child's behavioral disposition, IQ, and school achievement

  6. CASAWORKS for Families: A Promising Approach to Welfare Reform and Substance-Abusing Women. A CASA White Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    CASAWORKS for Families is the first national demonstration program to provide simultaneously drug and alcohol treatment; literacy, job, parenting, and social skills training; family violence prevention; and health care to help substance-abusing welfare parents recover. Its mission is to help women on welfare with substance abuse problems achieve…

  7. Coordination of Care in Substance Abuse Treatment: An Interorganizational Perspective

    E-print Network

    Spear, Suzanne Evelyn

    2012-01-01

    of drug abuse and addiction have a more severe substance useAddiction Severity Index in community treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuseaddiction treatment or rehabilitation. In the larger substance abuse

  8. Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependency in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasser, Jon; Schmidt, Eric

    2009-01-01

    This article highlights the problem of substance use and abuse among adolescents and discusses the important role of school leaders in addressing this problem. Drug and alcohol use among adolescents is a significant and serious problem. In fact, an alarmingly high number of students report that they have used drugs or alcohol. Substance use and…

  9. Moving On: Young People and Substance Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daley, Kathryn; Chamberlain, Chris

    2009-01-01

    To help explain why some young people move from recreational drug use to substance abuse, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with young people who had experienced problematic substance use. The data were supplemented by statistical data on 111 young people. The researchers found a variety of "structural" factors that help explain young…

  10. Preventing and Treating Substance Abuse among Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sussman, Steve

    2011-01-01

    Substance misuse is one of the most prevalent causes of adolescent injury and death. Additionally, 5-8% of adolescents in the U.S. qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse disorder. This article discusses formal prevention and treatment program models, focusing on a continuum of care which extends from prevention to treatment alternatives.…

  11. Violence against Women: Safety Planning for Abusive Situations

    MedlinePLUS

    ... it is important to create a safety plan. Domestic violence advocates and teen dating abuse advocates are people ... to find advocates. You can call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 800-799-SAFE (7233) or TDD ...

  12. Spiritual Mechanisms Underlying Substance Abuse Behavior Change in Faith-Based Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Alan Neff; Samuel A. MacMaster

    2005-01-01

    Despite increasing interest in “faith-based” substance abuse treatment and HIV risk reduction interventions, there is little systematic evidence of the efficacy of explicitly spiritual interventions. However, fundamental to effective interventions is an explicit conceptualization of mechanisms underlying behavior change. This paper discusses the definition of faith-based organizations, specifically as they relate to substance abuse treatment programs, briefly reviews relevant behavior

  13. Substance Abuse Training and Perceived Knowledge: Predictors of Perceived Preparedness to Work in Substance Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bina, Rena; Yum, Joohee; Hall, Diane M. Harnek; Sowbel, Lynda; Mollette, Angela; Jani, Jayshree; Smith-Osborne, Alexa

    2008-01-01

    As frontline mental health care providers, social workers need to be prepared to confront and properly manage substance abuse issues in practice. This study examined predictors of recent master of social work (MSW) graduates' perceptions of preparedness to practice in the area of substance abuse. A cross-sectional design was used, and 232 recent…

  14. Substance Abuse among Professionals: Limited Research on Substance-Abusing Social Workers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LaToya Warren; Marvin D. Feit; Josh Wells

    2011-01-01

    Professionals throughout America work to reduce the number of drug abusers in our society. Drug abuse is a very familiar topic that receives a great deal of attention from the media and health care organizations. The information provided in this paper emphasizes the lack of attention that professionals receive as they struggle with substance abuse. This paper focuses on studies

  15. Psychiatric Comorbidity Among Inpatient Substance Abusing Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana M. Abrantes; Sandra A. Brown; Kristin L. Tomlinson

    2004-01-01

    We studied the association between type, severity and sequencing of psychopathology and these same dimensions of substance involvement among inpatient substance-abusing adolescents with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Adolescents (N = 140, 54% female; 15.9 years) meeting DSM-III-R criteria for a substance use disorder and at least one other Axis I psychiatric disorder were interviewed while inpatients in an adolescent psychiatric facility.

  16. Louisiana Tech University Statement on Hazing / Alcohol / & Substance Abuse

    E-print Network

    Selmic, Sandra

    Louisiana Tech University Statement on Hazing / Alcohol / & Substance Abuse 2009-2010 The purpose and substance abuse are inconsistent with the responsibility of the student organization to conduct safe concerning alcohol abuse, substance abuse, and hazing. Every student and employee of the University plays

  17. Animal Abuse, Family Violence, and Child Wellbeing: A Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samara McPhedran

    2009-01-01

    Animal abuse and family violence appear to be “linked” and tend to co-occur in the same households. Companion animals are\\u000a often regarded as family members, if not by the abuser, then by others within the family. Consequently, in families where\\u000a any given form of violence exists, animal abuse is also more likely to exist. This paper examines animal abuse in

  18. 14 CFR 120.223 - Alcohol misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals. 120.223...information, training, and substance abuse professionals. (a) Employer...probable alcohol misuse. (c) Substance abuse professional (SAP)...

  19. 14 CFR 120.223 - Alcohol misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals. 120.223...information, training, and substance abuse professionals. (a) Employer...probable alcohol misuse. (c) Substance abuse professional (SAP)...

  20. 14 CFR 120.223 - Alcohol misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals. 120.223...information, training, and substance abuse professionals. (a) Employer...probable alcohol misuse. (c) Substance abuse professional (SAP)...

  1. 14 CFR 120.223 - Alcohol misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals. 120.223...information, training, and substance abuse professionals. (a) Employer...probable alcohol misuse. (c) Substance abuse professional (SAP)...

  2. HIV Risk Behavior Among Female Substance Abusers.

    PubMed

    Ramsey, Susan E; Bell, Kathryn M; Engler-Field, Patricia A

    2010-04-01

    HIV is an increasingly critical and costly health problem for American women. Substance use plays a major role in HIV infection in women. There are several plausible explanations for the association between substance use and HIV risk behavior. Pregnant substance abusers are a population deserving of special attention given the prevalence of risk behavior in this population and the added risk of perinatal transmission of HIV. Current guidelines for the screening and treatment of HIV among pregnant women and their infants are delineated. Substance abuse treatment has a limited impact on HIV risk behavior in female substance abusers. Similarly, traditional knowledge- and skill-based HIV risk reduction interventions have modest efficacy in this population. Hence, there is a need to develop new interventions that directly target sex- and drug-related HIV risk behavior among female substance abusers. Recent work suggests that the incorporation of motivational interviewing components into traditional HIV risk reduction interventions may be a promising new direction for the field. PMID:20418964

  3. Loved One's Substance Abuse Problem

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a lot of misconceptions about drug abuse and addiction. Many people can’t understand how anyone could ... are morally weak. Research has revealed that drug addiction is a disease of the brain. “We now ...

  4. Genetic and perinatal effects of abused substances

    SciTech Connect

    Brande, M.C.; Zimmerman, A.M.

    1987-01-01

    This book provides an overview of the effects of several abused drugs, including opiates, cannabinoids, alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine, with special emphasis on the actions of these substances at the molecular and cellular levels. The first half deals with genetic effects, including molecular genetics, biochemical genetics, pharmacogenetics, cytogenetics, and genetic toxicity. The second half focuses on perinatal effects and covers: drug abuse during pregnancy; biochemical aspects of marihuana on male reproduction; and long-term behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of perinatal alcohol exposure.

  5. Substance Abuse among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Carroll Chapman, Shawna L.; Wu, Li-Tzy

    2012-01-01

    Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7–8 million people in the US with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform prevention and treatment efforts for them. Although available research could inform future research efforts, studies are scattered across disciplines with the last review synthesizing findings written more than five years ago. To consider more recent findings with earlier works, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar were searched and produced 37 peer-reviewed texts across multiple disciplines, 15 from 2006 or later. While the prevalence of alcohol and illicit drug use in this population are low, the risk of having a substance-related problem among ID substance users is comparatively high. Gaps in the research and population subgroups that warrant special attention are identified, such as individuals with borderline and mild ID, individuals with co-occurring mental illness, and individuals who are incarcerated. Compared with substance abusers without ID, ID substance abusers are less likely to receive substance abuse treatment or remain in treatment. Research is needed to better gauge the magnitude of substance use problems, identify prevention strategies, and specify treatment components that meet the unique needs of individuals with ID. PMID:22502840

  6. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration was established in 1992 and "leads Federal efforts to treat mental illnesses by promoting mental health and by preventing the development or worsening of mental illness when possible". To that end, the agency has created this website to provide information about its ongoing programs, along with offering information for the public who may be curious or concerned about these issues. Practitioners and the public will appreciate the well-organized Publications area which is organized thematically and includes topics such as preventions, disaster, and the elderly. The site also has a complete listing of related activities, such as the youth violence prevention initiative and the Center of Women, Violence and Trauma.

  7. A proposed intergenerational model of substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse\\/neglect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Sheridan

    1995-01-01

    Although the link between substance abuse and child maltreatment has been relatively well established, there is a general recognition that this is not a simple cause-effect relationship. The current study explored the relationships among substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse\\/neglect in a sample of incarcerated substance abusers. Data were gathered on the earlier life experiences of 81 men and women

  8. 49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655...TRANSPORTATION PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PROHIBITED DRUG...TRANSIT OPERATIONS Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP)....

  9. 49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

  10. 49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

  11. Substance Abuse Treatment for Children and Adolescents: Questions to Ask

    MedlinePLUS

    Substance Abuse Treatment For Children And Adolescents: Questions To Ask Quick Links Facts for Families - Keyword (Alphabetical) Facts ... second opinion may be helpful. Also visit AACAP's Substance Abuse Resource Center . For additional information see Facts for ...

  12. 49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

  13. 49 CFR 655.52 - Substance abuse professional (SAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Substance abuse professional (SAP). 655.52 Section 655...Drug and Alcohol Testing Procedures § 655.52 Substance abuse professional (SAP). The SAP must perform...

  14. Substance Abuse and Prison Recidivism: Themes from Qualitative Interviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Lindsay A.

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative analysis explores the role of substance abuse in reentry from prison to society. Participants who recidivated (N = 20) in an urban prison system identified substance abuse as their primary reason for recidivism. Treatment implications are discussed.

  15. Substance Abuse in the Military

    MedlinePLUS

    ... some of these differences. Zero-tolerance policies and stigma pose difficulties in identifying and treating substance use ... a cultural climate in which drug problems are stigmatized and evoke fear in people suffering from them. ...

  16. The Effects of Exposure to Violence and Victimization across Life Domains on Adolescent Substance Use

    PubMed Central

    Wright, Emily M.; Fagan, Abigail A.; Pinchevsky, Gillian M.

    2013-01-01

    Objective This study uses longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to examine the effects of exposure to school violence, community violence, child abuse, and parental intimate partner violence (IPV) on youths’ subsequent alcohol and marijuana use. We also examine the cumulative effects of being exposed to violence across these domains. Methods Longitudinal data were obtained from 1,655 adolescents and their primary caregivers participating in the PHDCN. The effects of adolescents’ exposure to various forms of violence across different life domains were examined relative to adolescents’ frequency of alcohol and marijuana use three years later. Multivariate statistical models were employed to control for a range of child, parent, and family risk factors. Results Exposure to violence in a one-year period increased the frequency of substance use three years later, though the specific relationships between victimization and use varied for alcohol and marijuana use. Community violence and child abuse, but not school violence or exposure to IPV, were predictive of future marijuana use. None of the independent measures of exposure to violence significantly predicted future alcohol use. Finally, the accumulation of exposure to violence across life domains was detrimental to both future alcohol and marijuana use. Conclusion The findings support prior research indicating that exposure to multiple forms of violence, across multiple domains of life, negatively impacts adolescent outcomes, including substance use. The findings also suggest that the context in which exposure to violence occurs should be considered in future research, since the more domains in which youth are exposed to violence, the fewer “safe havens” they have available. Finally, a better understanding of the types of violence youth encounter and the contexts in which these experiences occur can help inform intervention efforts aimed at reducing victimization and its negative consequences. PMID:23743232

  17. Decreased frontal white-matter volume in chronic substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas E. Schlaepfer; Eric Lancaster; Rebecca Heidbreder; Eric C. Strain; Markus Kosel; Hans-Ulrich Fisch; Godfrey D. Pearlson

    2005-01-01

    There is quite a body of work assessing functional brain changes in chronic substance abuse, much less is known about structural brain abnormalities in this patient population. In this study we used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine if structural brain differences exist in patients abusing illicit drugs compared to healthy controls. Sixteen substance abusers who abused heroin, cocaine and

  18. Medical marijuana users in substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald Swartz

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The rise of authorized marijuana use in the U.S. means that many individuals are using cannabis as they concurrently engage in other forms of treatment, such as substance abuse counseling and psychotherapy. Clinical and legal decisions may be influenced by findings that suggest marijuana use during treatment serves as an obstacle to treatment success, compromises treatment integrity, or increases

  19. An Holistic Approach to Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathy T. Breslin; Maria R. Reed; Sandra B. Malone

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe a model outpatient substance abuse treatment program. This program is designed to provide patients with not only traditional modalities of treatment such as individual, group, and family therapy, but also to provide an opportunity for patients to express thoughts and feelings through holistic modalities. These modalities include dance\\/movement therapy, Tai Chi, art

  20. Job Satisfaction of Substance Abuse Counselors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William N. Evans; Thomas H. Hohenshil

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe and examine the levels and sources of job satisfaction, and the relationship between job satisfaction and clinical supervision variables for certified substance abuse counselors engaged in full-time counseling practice. All participants in this study met or exceeded the educational and supervised experience requirements of the two boards responsible for the certification of

  1. Substance Abuse Treatment Provider Views of \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilbert A. Quintero; Elizabeth Lilliott; Cathleen Willging

    2007-01-01

    Mandates for culturally competent substance abuse and mental health services call for behavioral health providers to recognize and engage cultural issues. These efforts to incorporate culture typically focus on client culture, but provider views of culture can also influence the provision of services. Analysis of 42 semistructured interviews with behavioral health providers suggests that culture is considered by many to

  2. Heart rate variability biofeedback in adolescent substance abuse treatment.

    PubMed

    Thurstone, Chris; Lajoie, Travis

    2013-01-01

    Strategies are needed to improve adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes. For example, during outpatient substance abuse treatment, up to 80% of adolescents continue to use.(1),(2) Following residential substance abuse treatment, 88% of adolescents relapse within 6 months.(3.) PMID:24381821

  3. Relapse in schizophrenia: is there a relationship to substance abuse?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanjay Gupta; Shelton Hendricks; Anne M. Kenkel; Subhash C. Bhatia; Ernest A. Haffke

    1996-01-01

    This retrospective study evaluated relapse in 22 patients with schizophrenia, comparing substance abusers with nonabusers. Medication compliance was ensured as all subjects were treated with decanoate neuroleptics. Substance abuse was documented by multiple urine drug screens. Substance abusers had a significantly higher readmission rate to the hospital compared to nonabusers. These data suggest that in the presence of documented medication

  4. Recovering substance abuse staff members' beliefs about addiction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Humphreys; Jennifer M. Noke; Rudolf H. Moos

    1996-01-01

    This study of 329 substance abuse treatment staff assessed how recovery status, in combination with other variables, influences beliefs about the causes and treatment of substance abuse. About 15% (n = 47) of participants were “in recovery” from substance abuse problems; these staff members were not significantly different than nonrecovering staff members on education, age, race\\/ethnicity, years of clinical experience,

  5. Substance Abuse and Child Welfare: Clear Linkages and Promising Responses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semidei, Joseph; Radel, Laura Feig; Nolan, Catherine

    2001-01-01

    Examines the prevalence of substance abuse among families involved with the child welfare system and the impact of substance abuse on child welfare practice. Discusses how both the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 and welfare reform legislation intensify the need to address parental substance abuse effectively. Considers strategies for…

  6. The role of theory in treating adolescent substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald B. Cox; Wendel A. Ray

    1994-01-01

    The adolescent substance abuser, like adult addicts, is most commonly considered from the perspective of the disease model. The usefulness of the disease model in conceptualizing adolescent substance abuse is questioned, and an alternative view of the topic is set forth. Substance abuse, is regarded as an adaptive aspect of the ongoing interactive processes within the family. The developmental process

  7. Generational Substance Abuse among Male Sexual Offenders and Paraphilics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Langevin; Mara Langevin; Suzanne Curnoe; Jerald Bain

    2006-01-01

    This study examines three hypotheses: (1) there is an association of parental and offspring substance abuse for sex offenders and paraphilics; (2) there is a higher occurrence of substance abuse among the parents of sex offenders and paraphilics than seen in the general population; (3) substance abuse among the parents will be associated with a higher frequency of birth and

  8. Collocation: Integrating Child Welfare and Substance Abuse Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eunju Lee; Nina Esaki; Rose Greene

    2009-01-01

    This article presents findings from a process evaluation of a pilot program to address parental substance abuse in the child welfare system. By placing substance abuse counselors in a local child welfare office, the collocation program was designed to facilitate early identification, timely referral to treatment, and improved treatment engagement of substance-abusing parents. Frontline child welfare workers in 6 of

  9. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY AND CAMPUS PLAN The use and appeal procedures are outlined in the student handbook, Resources #12;UMBC Substance Abuse Policy to the University Policy on Substance Abuse, all employees of the University, including student employees

  10. Short Communication Substance abuse as a dynamical disease

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Short Communication Substance abuse as a dynamical disease: Evidence and clinical implications of substance abuse by fitting a nonlinear model to a time series of the amount of alcohol, which an adult male with a diagnosis of substance abuse consumed on a daily basis. The nonlinear model shows a statistically superior

  11. Substance Abuse and Schizophrenia: A Health Maintenance Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damron, Susan W.; Simpson, William R.

    Abuse of alcohol or other substances by schizophrenic patients seriously undermines effective treatment. To document the extent of substance abuse among schizophrenic patients hospitalized in one Veterans Administration Hospital, medical records of 100 patients were reviewed. The results revealed that 54 patients had recent substance abuse, with…

  12. Substance Abuse by Youth and Young Adults in Rural America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, David; Gale, John A.; Hartley, David

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Addressing substance abuse in rural America requires extending our understanding beyond urban-rural comparisons to how substance abuse varies across rural communities of different sizes. We address this gap by examining substance abuse prevalence across 4 geographic levels, focusing on youth (age 12-17 years) and young adults (age 18-25…

  13. Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback in Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Lajoie, Travis

    2013-01-01

    Strategies are needed to improve adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes. For example, during outpatient substance abuse treatment, up to 80% of adolescents continue to use.1,2 Following residential substance abuse treatment, 88% of adolescents relapse within 6 months.3 PMID:24381821

  14. Treatment of substance abuse in severely mentally ill patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert E. Drake; Stephen J. Bartels; Gregory B. Teague; Douglas L. Noordsy; Robin E. Clark

    1993-01-01

    Substance abuse is the most common comorbid complication of severe mental illness. Current clinical research converges on several emerging principles of treatment that address the scope, pace, intensity, and structure of dual-diagnosis programs. They include a) assertive outreach to facilitate engagement and participation in substance abuse treatment, b) close monitoring to provide structure and social reinforcement, c) integrating substance abuse

  15. Frequency of pathological gambling among substance abusers under treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simone Villas; Boas de Carvalho; Maria Paul; Maria Paula Magalhães; Tavares de Oliveira

    Objective To investigate the frequency of pathological gambling among alcohol and other substance abusers who sought specialized treatment. Methods Seventy-four outpatients from three different substance abuse treatment services were interviewed. The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) scale was used for the diagnosis of pathological gambling. The diagnosis of alcohol and other substances abuse was established according to the DSM-IV criteria

  16. Temperament of Juvenile Delinquents with History of Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsueh-Ling Chang; Sue-Huei Chen; Chien Huang

    Background: The etiological factors and interrelations of juvenile delinquents, with psy- chiatric morbidity and substance abuse have been continuously debated. Cloninger's Tridimensional Theory of Temperament has been reported to predict patterns of substance abuse and comorbidity. In the current study, we aimed to examine the usability of the theory in predicting juvenile delinquen- cy and substance abuse. Methods: Sixty consecutive

  17. Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Outcome: The Role of Substance Abuse Problem Severity, Psychosocial, and Treatment Factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William W. Latimer; Michael Newcomb; Ken C. Winters; Randy D. Stinchfield

    2000-01-01

    A structural equation model incorporating substance abuse problem severity, psychosocial risk and protection, and treatment variables examined adolescent drug abuse treatment outcome pathways across 6- and 12-month follow-up points. Findings on resiliency factors and an empirical method adapted from previous research were used to select and assign 10 psychosocial factors to either a multiple protective factor index or a risk

  18. Schizophrenia and substance abuse: prevalence issues.

    PubMed

    el-Guebaly, N; Hodgins, D C

    1992-12-01

    A review of studies of the prevalence of substance abuse among schizophrenics suggest that both demographic and environmental factors are strong determinants of the extent of substance abuse in this population as well as the type of substances used. In a mid-sized Canadian city, a sample of schizophrenic patients referred to a dual diagnoses clinic were administered the Addiction Severity Index. With age and gender included as a factor, no significant differences were found in the choice or length of use of most drugs between diagnostic groups, contrary to some other reports from large urban centres. Compared with a population of a similar age, there were fewer regular and more former drinkers among the schizophrenic patients. The choice of other substances by the sample reflected the pattern of use in the population at large. This approach to prevalence provides a more balanced perspective of the substance abuse by schizophrenics. The major targets for prevention remain the alcohol, caffeine and tobacco consumption. PMID:1473076

  19. Helping Students to Understand the Link between Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallow, Alissa; Ward, Kelly

    2009-01-01

    Students studying addictive diseases must come to understand, among other issues, the interplay between intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance abuse. Statistics are important, but case examples elucidate for the students what to "listen" for in their meetings with clients. The purpose of this article is to provide several case examples of…

  20. Comorbid Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Disorders: Recent Treatment Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula Riggs; Frances Levin; Alan I. Green; Frank Vocci

    2008-01-01

    Psychiatric comorbidity is defined as the co-occurrence of a psychiatric disorder in a patient with a substance use disorder. Psychiatric disorders in substance abuse patients can antedate the substance use disorder or be a consequence of the substance abuse. There is emerging evidence that drug use in adolescence may alter the onset of certain psychiatric disorders in vulnerable individuals. Patients

  1. Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance

    E-print Network

    Sze, Lawrence

    for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee (SUAACSubstance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Functions Established in response to the CSU Action Plan) is advisory to the President on campus substance use and abuse issues. The committee shall plan and coordinate

  2. Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Established in response to the CSU Action Plan for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use

    E-print Network

    Sze, Lawrence

    for Substance Abuse (AAES 90-93; January, 1990), the Substance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee (SUAACSubstance Use and Abuse Advisory Committee Functions Established in response to the CSU Action Plan) is advisory to the President on campus substance use and abuse issues. The committee shall plan and coordinate

  3. Analytical aspects of volatile substance abuse (VSA).

    PubMed

    Gaulier, Jean-Michel; Tonnay, Véronique; Faict, Thierry; Sayer, Hervé; Marquet, Pierre; Lachâtre, Gérard

    2003-07-01

    Through a case report, the authors illustrate the volatile substance abuse (VSA) toxicological investigation difficulties mainly due to evaporation of the compounds from postmortem samples and to the lack of reference data for interpretation. A 17-year-old man, student in a chemistry institute, was found dead with a plastic bag placed over his head. Several chemical substances were found in his belongings. Autopsy findings included serious pulmonary lesions and hemorrhagic digestive ulcerations. A large screening of drugs and toxic compounds and selective analyses for several classes of drugs of abuse were carried out in the autopsy samples. In particular, a headspace (HS), -gas chromatography/-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) technique was used to screen for volatile substances and metabolites in the biological samples and for residues of volatile substances on the surface of the plastic bag and in the chemicals found on the scene. The main analytical finding was the presence of alkanes (heptane, methyl-2-pentane, methyl-3-hexane, methylcyclohexane) in the gastric content. The literature data, VSA practices, long time-delay between death and autopsy, preservation conditions of the biological samples before analysis, and in-lab experiments on evaporation of volatile substances were considered to interpret this result. The present fatality was attributed to VSA with a gasoline-based stain remover like "eau écarlate," associated with a hypoxic recreation practice using a plastic bag. PMID:12877311

  4. Pharmacotherapy in pain patients with substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Schäfer, Michael; Denke, Claudia; Krampe, Henning; Spies, Claudia

    2015-03-01

    Definitions and difficulties relating to managing acute and chronic pain in patients with current or past substance abuse disorders are discussed. Problems with too rapid discontinuation of drugs are described. An interdisciplinary approach involving pain specialists, substance abuse clinicians and mental health professional is advocated. This report is adapted from paineurope 2014; Issue 3, ©Haymarket Medical Publications Ltd, and is presented with permission. paineurope is provided as a service to pain management by Mundipharma International, LTD and is distributed free of charge to healthcare professionals in Europe. Archival issues can be accessed via the website: http://www.paineurope.com at which European health professionals can register online to receive copies of the quarterly publication. PMID:25643233

  5. World Health Organization's Management of Substance Abuse

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Part of the larger World Health Organization's (WHO) site this section on the management of substance abuse has a variety of useful information for students, teachers and those practicing in the field. Some of the most useful are several resources related to terminology and classifications including the WHO lexicon of alcohol and drug terms. The lexicon, developed in 1994, supplies clinicians, researchers and other users with a set of definitions of terms related to tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. Also available is a Facts and Figures section which provides users with basic information about the use and misuse of alcohol and other drugs worldwide. The Activities pages allow users to get a glimpse into the research that WHO is currently undertaking that is related to substance abuse. Sections on publications, research tools, and other links round out this very useful site.

  6. Adolescents' perceptions of substance abuse prevention strategies.

    PubMed

    Lisnov, L; Harding, C G; Safer, L A; Kavanagh, J

    1998-01-01

    As part of a 3-year evaluation of substance abuse prevention strategies (Harding, Safer, Kavanagh, Bania, Carty, Lisnov, & Wysockey, 1996), this study examined the perceptions of 719 sixth- through ninth-grade Chicago public school students. School-based programs were rated as significantly more effective on six prevention objectives than were television ads, testimonials by famous people, billboards, and print ads displayed on public transportation. Students perceived the two school-based programs, Project DARE (a national program conducted through local police departments) and Captain Clean (an intense live theater program coordinated with student participation), as being equally effective overall, although the interactive theater program was rated as significantly better at encouraging students to talk about their feelings concerning substance abuse issues and at relating to the students' ethnic/racial backgrounds. When students were categorized according to frequency of alcohol use, nonusers, infrequent users, and frequent users differed significantly in their ratings of the school-based programs. PMID:9706317

  7. Advancing Prevention Research on Child Abuse, Youth Violence, and Domestic Violence: Emerging Strategies and Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guterman, Neil B.

    2004-01-01

    Prevention research on the related problems of child abuse, youth violence, and domestic violence has grown at an accelerating pace in recent years. In this context, a set of shared methodological issues has emerged as investigators seek to advance the interpersonal violence prevention knowledge base. This article considers some of the persistent…

  8. Attention Deficits in Newly Abstinent Substance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Georgeanne S. Hoegerman; Robert J. Resnick; Sidney H. Schnoll

    1993-01-01

    Attention deficits were studied among 67 consecutive admissions to an adult tertiary care in-patient substance abuse unit. Fifty-four patients completed the testing; of these 15 were excluded due to confounding variables. The majority of the remaining 39 subjects had evidence of current and\\/or childhood attention dysfunction. There was no correlation with current performance and childhood recollection of dysfunction even when

  9. 34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule

    E-print Network

    come into contact with its property and facilities. Recognizing that drug and alcohol abuse poses34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Page 1 of 11 UNIVERSITY RULE 34.02.01.M2 Substance Abuse Prevention Rule for DOT-Regulated Employees Approved January 13, 1999

  10. Identifying substance abuse in maltreating families: A child welfare challenge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pearl Wright

    1995-01-01

    Studies of the link between parental substance abuse and child maltreatment suggest that chemical dependence is present in at least half of the families who come to the attention of child welfare authorities for child abuse and neglect. Parental substance abuse is thought to be a primary factor in greatly increased rates of children entering foster care over the past

  11. Substance abuse and rehabilitation: responding to the global burden of diseases attributable to substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Wu, Li-Tzy

    2010-10-01

    Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use are pervasive throughout the world. Substance use problems are among the major contributors to the global disease burden, which includes disability and mortality. The benefits of treatment far outweigh the economic costs. Despite the availability of treatment services, however, the vast majority of people with substance use disorders do not seek or use treatment. Barriers to and unmet need for evidence-based treatment are widespread even in the United States. Women, adolescents, and young adults are especially vulnerable to adverse effects from substance abuse, but they face additional barriers to getting evidence-based treatment or other social/medical services. Substance use behaviors and the diseases attributable to substance use problems are preventable and modifiable. Yet the ever-changing patterns of substance use and associated problems require combined research and policy-making efforts from all parts of the world to establish a viable knowledge base to inform for prevention, risk-reduction intervention, effective use of evidence-based treatment, and rehabilitation for long-term recovery. The new international, open-access, peer-reviewed Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation (SAR) journal strives to provide an effective platform for sharing ideas for solutions and disseminating research findings globally. Substance use behaviors and problems have no boundaries. The journal welcomes papers from all regions of the world that address any aspect of substance use, abuse/dependence, intervention, treatment, and policy. The "open-access" journal makes cutting edge knowledge freely available to practitioners and researchers worldwide, and this is particularly important for addressing the global disease burden attributable to substance abuse. PMID:21709730

  12. Screening for substance abuse in pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Jimerson, Steven D; Musick, Sarah

    2013-04-01

    Several states have proposed laws that urine drug screening be performed as a part of qualifying for public assistance. At least one state (Florida) has passed such a law, and several other states are considering similar laws. The Oklahoma Commission on Children and Youth created a committee to study laws and policies regarding the use of illegal drugs while pregnant. To get a better understanding of drug screening and pregnancy, 151 consecutive obstetrical patients receiving Medicaid were screened at their initial obstetrical visit by verbal and written questionnaire's concerning the use of alcohol, nicotine, and other illicit\\dangerous drugs; in addition a urine drug screen for the use of illicit or dangerous drugs was performed. The patient histories regarding the use of dangerous or illicit substances was reviewed and compared with the urine drug screens performed at the same visit. The authors note that when studied the incidence of substance abuse has been similar in patient population receiving public assistance and patient populations with traditional insurance. Oklahoma is one of 13 states with laws requiring mandatory reporting of substance abuse in pregnancy or the exposure of the newborn to illicit substances. PMID:23795524

  13. Domestic Violence and Sexual Abuse of Children: A Review of Research in the Eighties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gelles, Richard J.; Conte, Jon R.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews research on family violence and sexual abuse of children in the 1980s. Examines family violence rates, intergenerational transmission of violence, effects of violence on children and women, and effectiveness of interventions. Review of child sexual abuse examines defining sexual abuse, its prevalence, research on sexual offenders and risk…

  14. Assessment of Substance Abuse in Psychotherapy Clients: The Effectiveness of the MMPI2 Substance Abuse Scales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven V. Rouse; James N. Butcher; Kathryn B. Miller

    1999-01-01

    The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–2 (MMPI-2) contains 3 scales, the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale—Revised (MAC–R), the Addiction Potential Scale (APS), and the Addiction Acknowledgement Scale (AAS), that were developed to identify alcohol and drug abusing individuals. The current study was designed to measure the effectiveness of these scales at detecting substance abuse problems in a community-based mental health sample. MAC–R, APS,

  15. Physically Abused and Nonmaltreated Boys' Moral Judgments of Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontaine, Roger; Salvano-Pardieu, Veronique; Crouzet, Sarah; Pulford, Briony D.

    2002-01-01

    Compared the moral judgment of violence, portrayed in story cards, by 20 physically abused and 20 non-maltreated 8- to 13-year-old boys. Findings showed no significant differences between the two groups. Main effects of the offender's motive and the action's consequences were found, but there were no effects for the kind of violence (physical or…

  16. Risk Factors in Adolescent Substance Abuse: Treatment and Management Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Connie S.; Schandler, Steven L.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses research on adolescent substance abuse risk factors and their role in the management of adolescent substance abuse disorders. A selective literature review suggests specific intervention strategies; no generic approach fits all adolescent substance-use clients. Effective techniques require individual assessments, including the context in…

  17. Behavior problems in sons and daughters of substance abusing parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stewart Gabel; Richard Shindledecker

    1992-01-01

    Information to address the question of whether sex specific features exist in behavioral characteristics of children of substance abusing parents was gathered from the records of a large number of hospital treated youth. There was a trend for sons of substance abusing parents to have more conduct disorder diagnoses in association with severe aggressive\\/destructive behavior than sons of non substance

  18. School-Based Interventions for Students with Substance Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Jenson, William R.; Clark, Elaine

    2009-01-01

    Experimentation with substances is typical for many young people, but unfortunately some will go on to develop substance abuse problems that substantially affect their lives. Successfully intervening with students who use or abuse substances is a challenge for school mental health professionals across the nation. There is a need for evidence-based…

  19. Examining the links between animal abuse and human violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clifton P. Flynn

    2011-01-01

    Empirical research has increasingly found evidence for the coexistence of animal abuse and various forms of interpersonal\\u000a violence. Some researchers have even argued for a specific version of this relationship, namely, that individuals tend to\\u000a move from violence toward animals, particularly in childhood, to subsequent violence toward humans. Others have suggested\\u000a that the evidence for this graduation or progression hypothesis

  20. Dating Violence and Substance Use Among Ethnically Diverse Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeff R. Temple; Daniel H. Freeman

    2011-01-01

    Teen dating violence is a serious public health concern with numerous and long-lasting consequences. Although alcohol and drug use have been associated with dating violence, little is known about the role of specific substances, especially the use of club drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Thus, the authors examined the association between dating violence victimization and the use

  1. Can you vaccinate against substance abuse?

    PubMed Central

    Kosten, Thomas R; Domingo, Coreen B

    2014-01-01

    Vaccines are being developed against substance abuse and most progress has been made with anti-cocaine, nicotine and opiate vaccines, but new ones are being developed for methamphetamine and may be in humans within 18 – 24 months. These haptenated vaccines share a common problem in that only about one-third of those vaccinated get a sufficiently robust antibody titer to enable them to effectively block drug use. This problem is being addressed with better carrier proteins and new adjuvants beyond alum. This review provides details about these developing vaccines that act through pharmacokinetic rather than pharmacodynamics blockade. Due to this pharmacokinetic mechanism of keeping abused drugs in the bloodstream and not allowing them entry into the brain or other organs, these vaccines have very few side effects compared to other blockers used in addictions treatment. PMID:23594123

  2. Can you vaccinate against substance abuse?

    PubMed

    Kosten, Thomas R; Domingo, Coreen B

    2013-08-01

    Vaccines are being developed against substance abuse and most progress has been made with anti-cocaine, nicotine and opiate vaccines, but new ones are being developed for methamphetamine and may be in humans within 18 - 24 months. These haptenated vaccines share a common problem in that only about one-third of those vaccinated get a sufficiently robust antibody titer to enable them to effectively block drug use. This problem is being addressed with better carrier proteins and new adjuvants beyond alum. This review provides details about these developing vaccines that act through pharmacokinetic rather than pharmacodynamics blockade. Due to this pharmacokinetic mechanism of keeping abused drugs in the bloodstream and not allowing them entry into the brain or other organs, these vaccines have very few side effects compared to other blockers used in addictions treatment. PMID:23594123

  3. Culturally appropriate substance abuse treatment for parenting African American women.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Lisa M

    2004-01-01

    Culturally appropriate strategies have been deemed necessary for the treatment of substance abuse among African American women. This qualitative study was conducted utilizing a grounded theory methodology within a womanist theoretical framework to explore the process by which parenting African American women participate in formal substance abuse treatment programs. Study findings yielded significant insights into this process and support the notion that culturally appropriate frameworks are necessary to help substance-abusing African American women enter into treatment programs and remain in recovery. In addition, specific interventions for treating substance-abusing African American women within a culturally relevant framework are discussed. PMID:15204890

  4. Screening and Brief Intervention Practice Model for Social Workers in Non-Substance-Abuse Practice Settings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donna Leigh Bliss; Edward Pecukonis

    2009-01-01

    The social costs of substance abuse problems in the United States are staggering. Although social work has a long history of working in the substance abuse field, the profession does not pay similar attention to potential substance abuse problems in non-substance-abuse practice areas despite the high prevalence of substance abuse in these settings. A screening and brief intervention practice model

  5. Management Practices in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

    PubMed Central

    McConnell, K. John; Hoffman, Kim A.; Quanbeck, Andrew; McCarty, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    Efforts to understand how to improve the delivery of substance abuse treatment have led to a recent call for studies on the “business of addiction treatment.” This study adapts an innovative survey tool to collect baseline management practice data from 147 addiction treatment programs enrolled in the Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) 200 project. Measures of “good” management practice were strongly associated with days to treatment admission. Management practice scores were weakly associated with revenues-per-employee, but were not correlated with operating margins. Better management practices were more prevalent among programs with a higher number of competitors in their catchment area. PMID:19195813

  6. Enhanced Case Management versus Substance Abuse Treatment Alone among Substance Abusers with Depression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Striley, Catherine W.; Nattala, Prasanthi; Ben Abdallah, Arbi; Dennis, Michael L.; Cottler, Linda B.

    2013-01-01

    This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness of enhanced case management for substance abusers with comorbid major depression, which was an integrated approach to care. One hundred and 20 participants admitted to drug treatment who also met Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule criteria for major depression at baseline were randomized to…

  7. Redefining intimate partner violence: women’s experiences with physical violence and non-physical abuse by age

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy J. Mezey; Lori A. Post; Christopher D. Maxwell

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between age, physical violence and non-physical abuse within the context of intimate partner violence (IPV). It tests the hypothesis that while the prevalence of physical violence is lower among older women, other forms of intimate partner violence are not related to age. The study uses data from the Michigan Violence Against Women Survey to measure

  8. Addiction and Substance Abuse in Anesthesiology

    PubMed Central

    Bryson, Ethan O.; Silverstein, Jeffrey H.

    2009-01-01

    Despite substantial advances in our understanding of addiction and the technology and therapeutic approaches used to fight this disease, addiction still remains a major issue in the anesthesia workplace and outcomes have not appreciably changed. While alcoholism and other forms of impairment such as addiction to other substances and mental illness impact anesthesiologists at similar rates to other professions, as recently as 2005, the drug of choice for anesthesiologists entering treatment was still an opioid. There exists a considerable association between chemical dependence and other psychopathology and successful treatment for addiction is less likely when co-morbid psychopathology is not treated. Individuals under evaluation or treatment for substance abuse should have an evaluation with subsequent management of co-morbid psychiatric conditions. Participation in self-help groups is still considered a vital component in the therapy of the impaired physician, along with regular monitoring if the anesthesiologist wishes to attempt re-entry into clinical practice. PMID:18946304

  9. Integrating Substance Abuse Treatment and Child Welfare Services: Findings from the Illinois Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Waiver Demonstration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph P. Ryan; Jeanne C. Marsh; Mark F. Testa; Richard Louderman

    2006-01-01

    Alcohol and other drug abuse is a major problem for children and families involved with public child welfare. Substance abuse compromises appropriate parenting practices and increases the risk of child maltreatment. A substantial proportion of substantiated child abuse and neglect reports involve parental substance abuse. Once in the system, children of substance-abusing families experience significantly longer stays in foster care

  10. A study of alcoholism, drug abuse, and mental illness as risk factors among adults whose parents were substance abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yma E Kabia-Williams

    2009-01-01

    This current study describes alcoholism, drug abuse, and mental illness as risk factors among adults whose parents were substance abusers. The intention of this study is to depict a relationship between Parental Substance Abuse and the onset of alcoholism, drug abuse, and mental illness amongst the children of substance abusers as they develop into adulthood. The study suggests having a

  11. Judicial decision-making in contested custody cases: The influence of reported child abuse, spouse abuse, and parental substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacquelin Goldman; Martin Ward; Ilana Albanese; Linda Graves; Cindy Chamberlain

    1995-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between allegations of maltreatment and substance abuse, and custody awards in Florida. Information concerning the presence, or absence, of these reports was collected on 60 contested initial disposition, or disposition modification cases, and was used to model judicial decision-making. Substantiated reports of child and spouse abuse occurred very infrequently in our sample. Conversely, substance abuse

  12. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Congress established the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 1992 to "target effectively substance abuse and mental health services to the people most in need." SAMHSA also administers a number of block grant programs and data collection activities. On their homepage, visitors can get started by clicking on the "Data" link at the top of the page and reading through the "What We Are Doing" section. Here interested parties will find highlights of recent reports, state-level data on these topics, and a series of mental health statistics reports. The top of their homepage contains additional sections of interest, including "Grants", "Publications", "Data", and "Newsroom". Visitors should also take a look at the "Featured Resource", which is also on the homepage. In addition, many of the site's materials are available in Spanish. Visitors can follow SAMHSA on various social networks including Facebook YouTube, and Twitter, and they can also sign up for their mailing list if they wish to keep up with this valuable organization.

  13. 49 CFR 242.115 - Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance...115 Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  14. 49 CFR 242.115 - Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance...115 Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  15. 49 CFR 242.115 - Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance...115 Substance abuse disorders and alcohol drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  16. 14 CFR 120.223 - Alcohol misuse information, training, and substance abuse professionals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Alcohol misuse information...and substance abuse professionals... § 120.223 Alcohol misuse information...and substance abuse professionals...indicators of probable alcohol misuse. (c) Substance abuse...

  17. 45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

  18. 48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  19. 75 FR 28623 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  20. 77 FR 43344 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  1. 48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  2. 78 FR 15961 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment National Advisory Council; Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-13

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment National Advisory Council...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  3. 48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  4. 75 FR 11185 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation...March 8, 2010 meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  5. 76 FR 20994 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-14

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...Web conference meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  6. 42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

  7. 78 FR 38355 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  8. 75 FR 47819 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-09

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  9. 75 FR 82408 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  10. 75 FR 16487 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  11. 48 CFR 923.570 - Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites. 923...Workplace 923.570 Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites...DOE's contractor workplace substance abuse programs are promulgated at...

  12. 76 FR 36557 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  13. 78 FR 69702 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-20

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  14. 78 FR 45545 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  15. 42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, et seq., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

  16. 75 FR 4577 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  17. 42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

  18. 14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

  19. 75 FR 38112 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  20. 78 FR 37560 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...given for the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  1. 78 FR 37560 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  2. 42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

  3. 14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

  4. 75 FR 16488 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment; Notice of Meeting...hereby given of the meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  5. 77 FR 45647 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  6. 45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

  7. 14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

  8. 75 FR 8978 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-26

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Cancellation...February 10, 2010 meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  9. 14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

  10. 77 FR 55482 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  11. 14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

  12. 48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  13. ILLEGAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY San Diego State University recognizes a responsibility to provide a safe

    E-print Network

    Ponce, V. Miguel

    ILLEGAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY San Diego State University recognizes a responsibility to provide policy regarding illegal substance abuse. 1.0 Prohibitions San Diego State University prohibits. Employees who voluntarily seek assistance for illegal substance abuse before problems associated

  14. 78 FR 5471 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  15. 45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

  16. 48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  17. 48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  18. 78 FR 45544 - Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) National Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) National Advisory...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  19. 78 FR 52779 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  20. 42 CFR Appendix to Part 54a - Model Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Appendix to Part 54a...C. 290aa, et seq., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES...Notice of Individuals Receiving Substance Abuse Services Model Notice to...

  1. 45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

  2. 48 CFR 970.5223-4 - Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. 970... 970.5223-4 Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites. As...following clause: Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  3. 76 FR 59710 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-27

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  4. 45 CFR 96.46 - Substance abuse prevention and treatment services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...Tribal Organizations § 96.46 Substance abuse prevention and treatment services...tribal organizations under the substance abuse prevention and treatment...

  5. 77 FR 1708 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-11

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...notice is hereby given that the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  6. 48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  7. 48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  8. 48 CFR 970.5223-3 - Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. 970...Agreement regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE sites. As...Agreement Regarding Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites (DEC...

  9. 76 FR 50236 - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; Notice of Meeting...of the closed meeting of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services...

  10. 48 CFR 923.570 - Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites. 923...Workplace 923.570 Workplace substance abuse programs at DOE sites...DOE's contractor workplace substance abuse programs are promulgated at...

  11. Validation of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale with Substance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark G. Haviland; Dale G. Shaw; James P. MacMurray; Michael A. Cummings

    1988-01-01

    The purposes of this paper were to complete factor and item analyses of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) in a sample of mixed substance abusers and to examine the correlations between patients’ TAS scores and other variables. Results indicate that the TAS is a reliable, valid measure of alexithymia for substance abusers. The factor structure we found is congruent with

  12. Special Considerations for Substance Abuse Intervention with Latino Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldbach, Jeremy T.; Thompson, Sanna J.; Holleran Steiker, Lori K.

    2011-01-01

    Nearly 10% of Latino youth who are twelve and older are in need of substance abuse treatment for alcohol or illicit drug use. Ethnic differences exist with regard to susceptibility to drug use, attitudes regarding drugs, and drug resistance strategies. The failure of some substance abuse prevention programs can be traced in part to their lack of…

  13. A Unique Program for Preschool Children of Substance Abusers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howze, Kate; Howze, Wendell M.

    A pilot program was designed to address the special problems of children of substance abusers. The program was established at the Child Development and Family Guidance Center by Operation PAR, a nationally recognized substance abuse treatment and prevention program. The staff are well-trained preschool professionals who have received special…

  14. The Substance Abuse Treatment Workforce of South Africa

    E-print Network

    Sodano, Ruthlyn; Watson, Donnie W.; Rataemane, Solomon; Rataemane, Lusanda; Ntlhe, Nomvuyo; Rawson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Addiction (2010) 8:608–615 Results Although the South African substance abuseAddiction (2010) 8:608–615 DOI 10.1007/s11469-009-9245-x The Substance Abusesubstance abuse treatment workforce (Home Office 2006; National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction

  15. Denver: On the Horizon--Reducing Substance Abuse and Addiction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drug Strategies, Washington, DC.

    This report is designed to inform the residents of Denver and the rest of Colorado about the dimensions of the problems caused by alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs in the states capital city. The report focuses on: the prevalence of substance abuse and addiction in Denver; the adverse impact of substance abuse on the health and well-being of…

  16. Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. Substance Abuse Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owtrakul, Vipapan, Ed.; Miller, Andrea B., Ed.; Riccio, Robert J., Ed.

    Asian American and Pacific Islander (A&PI) populations are seriously affected by substance abuse related problems. Culturally appropriate prevention resources for A&PI audiences on substance abuse issues remain a critical need. This resource guide provides information and referrals to help prevention specialists, educators, and community leaders…

  17. Paternal Psychopathology: Relationship to Adolescent Substance Abuse and Deviant Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Sandra A.; And Others

    Research has documented the genetic contribution of paternal alcoholism and Antisocial Personality Disorder as risk factors for adolescent deviant behavior, including substance abuse. Teens (n=147) between the ages of 12 and 19 years and their parents participated in the study. The sample consisted of 74 substance abusing teens/families drawn from…

  18. Substance Abuse Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen M. Jordan

    2000-01-01

    Recent studies have indicated that substance abuse is a growing problem among youth and that the problem is even greater among gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth. The origins of substance abuse in sexual minority teens may be linked with feeling marginalized by society, seeking relief for feelings of depression and isolation, or desiring alleviation of the chronic stress

  19. Specialized substance abuse treatment for women and their children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina D Uziel-Miller; John S Lyons

    2000-01-01

    In the present study, 36 specialized substance abuse treatment programs for women and their children were identified and chosen for review. These programs provide a wide range of services including substance abuse, mental health and medical treatment, life skills training (i.e. vocational and parenting training), and social services (i.e. child care and transportation). A cluster analysis was conducted, and three

  20. Clinical Variations of Adolescent Substance Abuse: An Empirically Based Typology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia Rowe; Howard Liddle; John Caruso; Gayle Dakof

    2004-01-01

    This study was designed to establish and validate a multidimensional empirically based typology of clinically referred adolescent substance abusers. A total of 141 adolescent substance abusers, most of whom were male, African-American, and juvenile justice involved, comprised the study sample. Youth and their parents completed comprehensive assessments at intake to treatment, discharge, and at 6 months and 12 months post-discharge

  1. Working with Children of Substance-Abusing Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Susan Howland

    1998-01-01

    Describes how early childhood teachers can provide a developmentally appropriate environment that fosters therapeutic play for children of substance-abusing parents. Describes the impact of substance abuse on the parent-child relationship, and discusses the importance of providing daily routines, consistency, firm boundaries, open expression of…

  2. No Safe Haven: Children of Substance-Abusing Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    This report analyzes data from a 2-year study of connections between substance abuse and child maltreatment, exposing how child welfare agencies and family court systems handle child custody decisions when parents are substance abusers. The six chapters are: (1) "Introduction and Executive Summary"; (2) "No Safe Haven for Children" (new and…

  3. Perceived Multicultural Competency of Certified Substance Abuse Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lassiter, Pamela S.; Chang, Catherine Y.

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the authors explored the self-perceived multicultural counseling competencies of substance abuse counselors. Overall, the results indicate that substance abuse counselors perceived themselves to be competent; however, differences existed on the basis of race and educational level. Implications for practice and future research are…

  4. Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Luellen, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

    2005-01-01

    Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

  5. Inclusion of Substance Abuse Training in CACREP-Accredited Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salyers, Kathleen M.; Ritchie, Martin H.; Cochrane, Wendy S.; Roseman, Christopher P.

    2006-01-01

    Professional counselors and counselors-in-training continue to serve clients who have substance abuse issues, yet systematic training in substance abuse counseling is not available to many counselors. The authors investigated the extent to which students in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational…

  6. The Evolution of an Online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crozier, Mary K.

    2012-01-01

    In the field of rehabilitation services, substance abuse counseling requires unique skills. Post-baccalaureate academic certificate programs offer professionals an opportunity to retool or expand their skills and meet licensure needs in this evolving field. East Carolina University's online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program was…

  7. Policy Report of the Physician Consortium on Substance Abuse Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, David C.; Faggett, Walter L.

    This report contains the recommendations of the Physician Consortium for significantly improving medical education and training to enhance the physician's role in early identification, treatment, and prevention of substance abuse. In addition, the consortium subcommittees report on their examination of substance abuse treatment needs of ethnic and…

  8. Gender Differences Regarding Peer Influence and Attitude toward Substance Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rienzi, Beth M.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    To investigate gender differences in acceptance of substance abuse behavior among adolescents, 968 students were administered a questionnaire to assess their perceptions. Results show that both genders felt that boys would be more approving of teenage substance abuse. Most students were disapproving of a teenager driving after drinking. Other…

  9. Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Inpatient Substance Abusers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz, Naelys; Green, Diane; Horton, Eloise G.

    2009-01-01

    The existing literature indicates high comorbidity rates between depressive disorders and substance abuse disorders. Despite these elevated rates, there is limited empirical work devoted to understanding predictors of depressive symptoms among substance abusers. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of spirituality, believing in God's…

  10. Hope as a predictor of entering substance abuse treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rhonda Jackson; Rachel Wernicke; David A. F Haaga

    2003-01-01

    Identification of characteristics that predict entry into substance abuse treatment programs may facilitate efforts to make effective programs more attractive to people who could benefit from them. We examined dispositional hope as a predictor of entering a voluntary substance abuse treatment program for federal prison inmates. Controlling statistically for demographics, comorbid diagnoses, and drug-use history, increased hope was associated with

  11. Prevalence and Pedagogy: Understanding Substance Abuse in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch

    2011-01-01

    This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…

  12. Substance Abuse and Sexual Trauma in a Female Veteran Population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tania M. Davis; Peggy S. Wood

    1999-01-01

    An increasing number of researchers have explored connections between substance abuse, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sexual assault histories in civilian women. Despite literature suggesting the prevalence of substance abuse and sexual assault for female veterans, few studies have investigated these variables in a female veteran population. Thus, this paper was designed to provide preliminary information about this group of

  13. Social reinforcement of substance abuse aftercare group therapy attendance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven J Lash; Gregory E Petersen; Edmund A O'Connor; Lauren P Lehmann

    2001-01-01

    Although adherence to aftercare therapy in substance abuse treatment is associated with improved treatment outcome, relatively little research has explored methods of improving aftercare adherence. To improve on established methods of promoting aftercare adherence, 43 graduates of the 28-day intensive substance abuse treatment program at the Salem Veteran's Affairs Medical Center who received standard aftercare orientation are compared to 38

  14. Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Otto Kausch

    2003-01-01

    Substance abuse patterns were reviewed for a group of patients admitted to the Gambling Treatment Program at the Brecksville Veterans Administration Medical Center.A retrospective chart review of 113 consecutively admitted patients between September 2000 and September 2001 found that 66.4% of pathological gamblers had a lifetime history of substance abuse or dependence at some point in their lives. A history

  15. Increasing Adherence to Substance Abuse Aftercare Group Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven J. Lash; Sharon L. Blosser

    1999-01-01

    Adherence to aftercare therapy in substance abuse treatment is associated with improved outcomes. Although previous research has established that adherence contracts and orientation to aftercare are an effective method of increasing aftercare attendance, participation levels are often low. We examined whether feedback and prompts are an effective means of further increasing adherence to substance abuse aftercare group therapy beyond that

  16. Divalproex sodium to treat concomitant substance abuse and mood disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Hertzman

    2000-01-01

    A retrospective chart review of psychiatric outpatients selected for a combination of alcohol (or other substance abuse) and mood disorders. A subgroup of patients treated with divalproex sodium diminished their substance abuse during the period of treatment for their disorders. This pilot study suggests that prospective, systematic research on divalproex sodium for dual diagnosis is warranted.

  17. SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH DATA ARCHIVE (SAMHDA)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) is an initiative of the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goal of the archive is to provide re...

  18. Why Are Recovering Substance Abuse Counselors Paid Less?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olmstead, Todd A.; Johnson, J. Aaron; Roman, Paul M.; Sindelar, Jody L.

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this study is to determine why recovering substance abuse counselors are paid less, on average and controlling for other factors, than nonrecovering substance abuse counselors. The data come from the 2002-2003 wave of the National Treatment Center Study and consist of 1,487 full-time counselors from nationally representative samples of…

  19. School/Community-Based Alcoholism/Substance Abuse Prevention Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owan, Tom Choken; And Others

    This report describes school and community efforts to prevent alcoholism and substance abuse among American Indian and Alaskan Native youth. In 1986, the Indian Health Service (IHS) surveyed Bureau of Indian Affairs schools, public schools with large Indian enrollments, and community groups involved in 225 IHS-funded alcohol and substance abuse

  20. Residential Treatment for the ADHD Adolescent Substance Abuser

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Loree Adams; John L. Wallace

    1995-01-01

    Individual differences among substances abusing adolescents should be taken into account when developing a tailored treatment plan. Specifically, whether or not the youth has been diagnosed with an Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may influence the youth's experience in treatment. Subjects were 30 ADHD and 30 non-ADHD previously discharged white male clients selected from an adolescent residential substance abuse treatment program.

  1. Residential Treatment for the ADHD Adolescent Substance Abuser.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Loree; Wallace, John L.

    1994-01-01

    Substance abusing adolescents (n=30) with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and substance abusing non-ADHD (n=30) adolescents were compared in terms of treatment outcomes. Although treatment outcomes did not vary significantly, a difference was observed in actual length of stay. Those with a behavior diagnosis stayed an average of 36…

  2. The Marihuana Perception Inventory: The Effects of Substance Abuse Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabany, Steve G.; Plummer, Portia

    1990-01-01

    Studied 617 high school and college students prior to and after substance abuse instruction to determine relationship between perceptions and demographic characteristics, and to learn whether substance abuse instruction was related to changes in student's perception of relationships. Findings from Marihuana Perception Inventory showed five factors…

  3. Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Approach to Prevention Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wodarski, John S.; Smyth, Nancy J.

    1994-01-01

    Presents data on the extent, nature, and consequences of adolescent substance abuse. Definition of substance abuse is considered. Discusses primary and secondary prevention programs, including programs targeting high-risk youth, school and peer group, families, and communities. Outlines tertiary prevention efforts and emphasizes the need for…

  4. Substance Abuse Reported by About 1 in 10 American Workers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Substance Abuse Reported by About 1 in 10 American Workers ... Preidt Thursday, April 16, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse Drug Abuse THURSDAY, April 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ...

  5. Historical Images and Reviews of Substance Use and Substance Abuse in the Teaching of Addiction Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stolberg, Victor B.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss how images and historical reviews of substance use and abuse from different time periods can be used to provide a better understanding of the historical background of the discipline. Historical reviews of various substances, as well as approaches to addressing substance abuse at different time periods, and…

  6. Legal challenges for substance abuse treatment during disasters.

    PubMed

    Rutkow, Lainie; Vernick, Jon S; Mojtabai, Ramin; Rodman, Sarah O; Kaufmann, Christopher N

    2012-01-01

    Certain groups with preexisting mental and behavioral health conditions, such as substance use disorders, may be especially vulnerable during and shortly after disasters. Researchers have found that substance abuse treatment programs and the individuals they serve experienced major disruptions after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and after Hurricane Katrina. This column considers legal challenges that may arise when a rapid influx of licensed providers is needed for substance abuse treatment during disasters and reviews specific legal issues that disasters may raise for opioid treatment programs. Opportunities to mitigate legal challenges and facilitate substance abuse treatment during disasters are discussed. PMID:22227749

  7. Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Susan D.; Gleeson, James P.; Waites-Garrett, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who…

  8. Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children's Outcomes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan D. Phillips; James P. Gleeson; Melissa Waites-Garrett

    2009-01-01

    The expansion of the criminal justice system over the last several decades helped to focus attention on children of incarcerated parents, many of whom have parents with substance abuse problems. Since the 1990's, a national grassroots campaign has been underway to make substance abuse treatment an alternative to incarceration for parents who commit non-violent crimes. The question of interest in

  9. Domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in HIV-infected women and women at risk for HIV.

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, M; Deamant, C; Barkan, S; Richardson, J; Young, M; Holman, S; Anastos, K; Cohen, J; Melnick, S

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and effect of domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in women with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. METHODS: Participants with HIV or at risk for HIV infection enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Childhood sexual abuse; all physical, sexual, and coercive violence by a partner; HIV serostatus; demographic data; and substance use and sexual habits were assessed. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence was 66% and 67%, respectively, in 1288 women with HIV and 357 uninfected women. One quarter of the women reported recent abuse, and 31% of the HIV-seropositive women and 27% of the HIV-seronegative women reported childhood sexual abuse. Childhood sexual abuse was strongly associated with a lifetime history of domestic violence and high-risk behaviors, including using drugs, having more than 10 male sexual partners and having male partners at risk for HIV infection, and exchanging sex for drugs, money, or shelter. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the hypothesis of a continuum of risk, with early childhood abuse leading to later domestic violence, which may increase the risk of behaviors leading to HIV infection. PMID:10754970

  10. Pyrethroid as a Substance of Abuse

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Pravesh; Manning, Stephen; Baronia, Regina; Mushtaq, Saira

    2014-01-01

    This is a case of a 22-year-old Hispanic male with a history of bipolar disorder and methamphetamine dependence who was admitted after presenting with suicidal ideations by slashing his throat with a machete. The patient had been smoking and inhaling “processed” pyrethroid for about eight weeks as an inexpensive methamphetamine substitute. He reported experiencing a “rush” similar to methamphetamine after using pyrethroid from liquid insecticide that had been heated (electrocuted) or sprayed on hot metal sheets until it crystallized. The patient presented with no significant physical markings or findings but claimed to have his suicidal ideations precipitated by concerns of ill effects of pyrethroid on his health. He also had positive urine drug screen for methamphetamine, which he admitted to using on the day of admission. We conclude that it is important for physicians to maintain a high level of suspicion for alternate and uncommon substances of abuse as well as risks for suicidal tendencies in these patients. PMID:25431720

  11. Adulthood animal abuse among men arrested for domestic violence.

    PubMed

    Febres, Jeniimarie; Brasfield, Hope; Shorey, Ryan C; Elmquist, Joanna; Ninnemann, Andrew; Schonbrun, Yael C; Temple, Jeff R; Recupero, Patricia R; Stuart, Gregory L

    2014-09-01

    Learning more about intimate partner violence (IPV), perpetrators could aid the development of more effective treatments. The prevalence of adulthood animal abuse (AAA) perpetration and its association with IPV perpetration, antisociality, and alcohol use in 307 men arrested for domestic violence were examined. Forty-one percent (n = 125) of the men committed at least one act of animal abuse since the age of 18, in contrast to the 1.5% prevalence rate reported by men in the general population. Controlling for antisociality and alcohol use, AAA showed a trend toward a significant association with physical and severe psychological IPV perpetration. PMID:25324474

  12. Health Reform for Communities: Financing Substance Abuse Services. Recommendations from a Join Together Policy Panel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Join Together, Boston, MA.

    Substance abuse treatment has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing not only substance use, but also the economic, health, and social costs associated with substance abuse. This document examines how health care reform can preserve and enhance community substance abuse services. The cost effectiveness of funding substance abuse prevention…

  13. Substance Use and Intimate Violence Among Incarcerated Males

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TK Logan; Robert Walker; Michele Staton; Carl Leukefeld

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine substance use patterns among a sample of incarcerated males who report engaging in levels of intimate violence, as well as identifying similarities and differences in demographic, economic status, mental health, criminal justice involvement, relationships, and treatment factors for three groups of incarcerated males - those who report perpetrating low intimate violence, those

  14. Distal and proximal factors related to aggression severity among patients in substance abuse treatment: Family history, alcohol use and expectancies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen T. Chermack; John M. Wryobeck; Maureen A. Walton; Frederic C. Blow

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the relationships among distal (paternal and maternal family history of alcohol problems and violence) and proximal (general alcohol use, acute use associated with conflict incidents, alcohol–aggression expectancies) factors and physical aggression severity among 125 men and 125 women recruited from substance abuse treatment. Paternal alcohol problem history (PA) was related to alcohol–aggression expectancies, but no family history

  15. Abuse of family physicians by patients seeking controlled substances

    PubMed Central

    Saveland, Christine; Hawker, Leisha; Miedema, Baukje; MacDougall, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Objective To examine family physicians’ career prevalence and monthly incidence of workplace abuse by controlled substance prescription seekers. Design A 4-page cross-sectional survey. Setting A family medicine continuing medical education event in Halifax, NS. Participants The survey was distributed to 316 family physicians attending the continuing medical education event. Main outcome measures Career prevalence and monthly incidence of workplace abuse related to the act of prescribing controlled substances. Results Fifty-six percent (n = 178) of the 316 surveys were returned completed. Half the study participants were men (49%). Most study participants were in private practice and lived in Nova Scotia, and approximately half (51%) practised in urban settings. On average, the study participants had 20 years of practice experience. The career prevalence of abusive encounters related to controlled substance prescribing was divided into “minor,” “major,” and “severe” incidents. Overall, 95% of study participants reported having experienced at least 1 incident of minor abuse; 48% had experienced at least 1 incident of major abuse; and 17% had experienced at least 1 incident of severe abuse during their careers. Further, 30% reported having been abused in the past month; among those, the average number of abusive encounters was 3. Most (82%) of the abusers were male with a history of addiction (85%) and mental illness (39%). Opioids were the most frequently sought controlled substance. Conclusion Abuse of family physicians by patients seeking controlled substances is substantial. Family physicians who prescribe controlled substances are at risk of being subjected to minor, major, or even severe abuse. Opioids were the most often sought controlled substance. A national discussion to deal with this issue is needed. PMID:24522691

  16. Substance Abuse Treatment with Rural Adolescents: Issues and Outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James A. Hall; Douglas C. Smith; Scott D. Easton; Hyonggin An; Julie K. Williams; Susan H. Godley; Mijin Jang

    2008-01-01

    This study compared the characteristics and treatment outcomes of rural adolescents with urban adolescents in substance abuse treatment programs in CSAT's Strengthening Communities for Youth (SCY) initiative. Using data from ten SCY programs nationally, the authors classified adolescents as rural or urban using Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) codes. We then evaluated changes in substance use frequency and substance-related problems at

  17. Testing the Cycle of Violence Hypothesis: Child Abuse and Adolescent Dating Violence as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Young Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomez, Anu Manchikanti

    2011-01-01

    Child abuse is an important determinant of future violence perpetration and victimization. Past research examining linkages between child abuse and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) has predominantly focused on married individuals and not considered adolescent dating violence. In the present study, data from three waves of the National…

  18. Impact of childhood abuse and neglect on substance abuse and psychological distress in adulthood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meeyoung Min; Kathleen Farkas; Sonia Minnes; Lynn T. Singer

    2007-01-01

    Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship of childhood trauma, educational level, and the use of avoidant coping on substance abuse and psychological distress in a community sample of 285 women. Results indicated that self-reported childhood trauma was significantly related to greater substance abuse and psychological distress, through educational attainment and avoidant coping strategies. Lower level of education

  19. Teaching about substance abuse with objective structured clinical exams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon J. Parish; Megha Ramaswamy; Melissa R. Stein; Elizabeth K. Kachur; Julia H. Arnsten

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although residents commonly manage substance abuse disorders, optimal approaches to teaching these specialized interviewing\\u000a and intervention skills are unknown.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: We developed a Substance Abuse Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) to teach addiction medicine competencies using immediate\\u000a feedback. In this study we evaluated OSCE performance, examined associations between performance and self-assessed interest\\u000a and competence in substance abuse, and assessed

  20. Substance Dependence, Abuse and Treatment: Findings from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Joan F.

    This report provides the first information on substance dependence, abuse, and treatment obtained from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Several important changes to the NHSDA in 1999 and 2000 affected the estimates of drug use, as well as the estimates for dependence, abuse, and needing and receiving treatment. Following…

  1. Intimate Partner Violence during Pregnancy and Mothers' Child Abuse Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casanueva, Cecilia E.; Martin, Sandra L.

    2007-01-01

    This research examines whether women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy have a higher child abuse potential than women who have not experienced IPV. Data were analyzed from a longitudinal investigation of IPV during pregnancy. This study recruited 88 pregnant women during prenatal care and followed them for 1 1/2…

  2. The Diverse Faces of Violence: Minority Women and Domestic Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinn, Vivian W.; Chunko, Mary T.

    1997-01-01

    Difficulty in identifying and eliciting information on domestic abuse is exacerbated by social, economic, and cultural factors. Study of the relationships between race/ethnicity/culture and domestic violence must be incorporated into both research and medical school curricula to sensitize students and enable them to develop skills for detecting,…

  3. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ANIMAL CRUELTY: UNTANGLING THE WEB OF ABUSE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine A. Faver; Elizabeth B. Strand

    2003-01-01

    A growing body of research indicates that batterers often threaten, hurt, or kill family pets as a means of coercing and controlling their female partners and that women sometimes delay seeking shelter out of concern for the welfare of their pets. This article reviews the research on the link between animal abuse and domestic violence, describes the implications of this

  4. Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.

    PubMed

    Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

    2014-03-01

    The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

  5. Psychiatric Disorders of Children Living with Drug-Abusing, Alcohol-Abusing, and Non-Substance-Abusing Fathers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Michelle L.; Fals-Stewart, William

    2004-01-01

    Objective: The present study examined lifetime psychiatric disorders and current emotional and behavioral problems of 8- to 12-year-old children living with drug-abusing (DA) fathers compared to children living in demographically matched homes with alcohol-abusing (AA) or non-substance-abusing fathers. Method: Children's lifetime psychiatric…

  6. A review of substance abuse research in malaysia.

    PubMed

    Norliza, C; Norni, A; Anandjit, S; Mohd Fazli, M I

    2014-08-01

    This is a review of research done in the area of substance abuse in Malaysia. There were 109 articles related to substance abuse found in a search through a database dedicated to indexing all original data relevant to medicine published in Malaysia between the years 2000-2013. Only 39 articles were reviewed, and case series, case report, reviews and reports were excluded. Research reviewed include the epidemiology of substance abuse, genetics, treatment and its relation to health behaviour, and health management. Studies have shown that more males than females use drugs. There was also a high prevalence of blood-bourne virus diseases and sexually transmitted diseases among drug users. Two studies showed some genetic polymorphism (Cyp 3a4 gene and FAAH Pro129Thr) among heroin and amphetamine users respectively that may contribute to drug dependence. Study on pharmacological treatment for substance abuse were limited to methadone and it was shown to improve the quality of life of heroin dependant patients. Alternative treatments such as acupunture and spiritual approach play a role in the management of substance abuse. Data also showed that treatment centres for substance abuse are lacking facilities for screening, assessment and treatment for medical illness related to substance use, e.g. Hepatitis C and tuberculosis. Studies on the effectiveness of current drug rehabilitation centres were inconclusive. PMID:25417952

  7. How Do We Know We Are Making a Difference? A Community Substance Abuse Indicators Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Mary Jo; Buckley, Julie

    This handbook is written to help community coalitions and other groups fighting substance abuse develop indicators that describe the scope and nature of local substance abuse problems. These indicators can be powerful tools in efforts to combat substance abuse. They provide a picture of the local impact of substance abuse problems and make it…

  8. Updated: 04/2010 University of Maryland Baltimore County Substance Abuse Policy

    E-print Network

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    Updated: 04/2010 University of Maryland Baltimore County Substance Abuse Policy Notification Substance abuse continues to be a major problem on our nation's campuses and in society as a whole associated with substance abuse. UMBC Substance Abuse policy is multifaceted and designed to: foster a safe

  9. Classifying Clinically Referred Adolescent Substance Abusers by Level of Externalizing and Internalizing Symptoms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia L. Rowe; Howard A. Liddle; Gayle A. Dakof

    2001-01-01

    Adolescent substance abusers demonstrate numerous emotional and behavioral difficulties in conjunction with drug problems. In this study, 236 clinically referred substance abusing adolescents were grouped on level of self-reported and parent-reported internalizing and externalizing symptoms and compared on important variables. Three groups emerged: Externalizers, Exclusive Substance Abusers, and Mixed (adolescents with both internalizing and externalizing symptoms). Exclusive Substance Abusers showed

  10. Governor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking

    E-print Network

    in the pilot. "Substance abuse is much broader than the use of illegal narcotics," said DHHS Secretary AldonaGovernor McCrory Creates Task Force to Combat Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Chancellor substance abuse and underage drinking. The Governor's Substance Abuse and Underage Drinking Prevention

  11. Predicting substance abuse in juvenile offenders: Attention deficit disorder versus aggressivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James A. Halikas; Jane Meller; Carolyn Morse; Marvin D. Lyttle

    1990-01-01

    The relative predictive significance of attention deficit disorder (ADD) and aggressive behavior for consequent substance abuse was examined in 114 juvenile offenders. ADD, aggressivity, and substance abuse were assessed according to DSM-III criteria. Results from logistic regression indicate thataggressivity, but not an ADD diagnosis, significantly predicts substance abuse. There-fore, previously reported associations between ADD and substance abuse may be confounded

  12. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Harstad, Elizabeth; Levy, Sharon

    2014-07-01

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorders are inextricably intertwined. Children with ADHD are more likely than peers to develop substance use disorders. Treatment with stimulants may reduce the risk of substance use disorders, but stimulants are a class of medication with significant abuse and diversion potential. The objectives of this clinical report were to present practical strategies for reducing the risk of substance use disorders in patients with ADHD and suggestions for safe stimulant prescribing. PMID:24982106

  13. Using Administrative Data for Longitudinal Substance Abuse Research

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Elizabeth; Grella, Christine E.; Murphy, Debra A.; Hser, Yih-Ing

    2008-01-01

    The utilization of administrative data in substance abuse research has become more widespread than ever. This selective review synthesizes recent extant research from 31 articles to consider what has been learned from using administrative data to conduct longitudinal substance abuse research in four overlapping areas: (1) service access and utilization, (2) underrepresented populations, (3) treatment outcomes, and (4) cost analysis. Despite several notable limitations, administrative data contribute valuable information, particularly in the investigation of service system interactions and outcomes among substance abusers as they unfold and influence each other over the long term. This critical assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of using existing administrative data within a longitudinal framework should stimulate innovative thinking regarding future applications of administrative data for longitudinal substance abuse research purposes. PMID:18679805

  14. Inpatient Treatment for Children and Adolescents with Substance Abuse Issues

    E-print Network

    Oelklaus, Kirsten; Petr, Chris

    2001-11-01

    The report revealed that the bulk of the literature collectively examines adults and adolescents, rather than investigating the unique issues that adolescents with substance abuse issues have. The review explored outcome studies for in...

  15. Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Review of the Past 10 Years

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NAIMAH Z. WEINBERG; ELIZABETH RAHDERT; JAMES D. COLLIVER; MEYER D. GLANTZ

    1998-01-01

    ObjectiveTo review and synthesize the recent scientific literature on adolescent substance abuse, covering natural history, epidemiology, etiology, comorbidity, assessment, treatment, and prevention, and to highlight areas for future research.

  16. Regulatory Issues Encountered when Conducting Longitudinal Substance Abuse Research

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Elizabeth; Murphy, Debra A.; Grella, Christine E.; Mouttapa, Michele; Hser, Yih-Ing

    2008-01-01

    Objective To summarize challenges unique to obtaining Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for longitudinal substance abuse research, focusing on solutions and lessons learned. Methods Thirteen senior Principal Investigators with experience conducting research on substance abuse treatment and health services outcomes recalled instances from the prior 5 years when obtaining UCLA and non-UCLA IRB approval was hampered by differences in the interpretation of regulatory guidelines and how those differences were resolved. Principal Findings Comprehensive yet flexible research protocols regarding (1) informed and voluntary consent, (2) participant payment, and (3) re-contact efforts are essential for securing IRB approval of longitudinal substance abuse studies. Specific examples of lessons learned are provided. Conclusions Experiences can help researchers to provide appropriate and explicit justification for longitudinal substance abuse research protocols, thereby minimizing the burden and cost associated with meeting regulatory requirements as well as enhancing the efficiency, quantity, and quality of data collected. PMID:20379383

  17. 10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use, and the availability...participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation...implementing workplace substance abuse requirements additional...baseline, including drug testing employees...

  18. 10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use, and the availability...participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation...implementing workplace substance abuse requirements additional...baseline, including drug testing employees...

  19. 10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use, and the availability...participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation...implementing workplace substance abuse requirements additional...baseline, including drug testing employees...

  20. 10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use, and the availability...participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation...implementing workplace substance abuse requirements additional...baseline, including drug testing employees...

  1. 10 CFR 707.5 - Submission, approval, and implementation of a baseline workplace substance abuse program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...problems of substance abuse, including illegal drug use, and the availability...participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation...implementing workplace substance abuse requirements additional...baseline, including drug testing employees...

  2. Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context.

    PubMed

    Fagan, Abigail A; Wright, Emily M; Pinchevsky, Gillian M

    2015-01-01

    Adolescent exposure to violence and substance use are both public health problems, but how neighborhood context contributes to these outcomes is unclear. This study uses prospective data from 1416 adolescents to examine the direct and interacting influences of victimization and neighborhood factors on adolescent substance use. Based on hierarchical Bernoulli regression models that controlled for prior substance use and multiple individual-level factors, exposure to violence significantly increased the likelihood of marijuana use but not alcohol use or binge drinking. There was little evidence that community norms regarding adolescent substance use influenced rates of substance use or moderated the impact of victimization. Community disadvantage did not directly impact substance use, but the relationship between victimization and marijuana use was stronger for those in neighborhoods with greater disadvantage. The results suggest that victimization is particularly likely to affect adolescents' marijuana use, and that this relationship may be contingent upon neighborhood economic conditions. PMID:25432621

  3. Predicting the initiation of substance abuse in Iranian adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Asghar Mohammadpoorasl; Ali Fakhari; Fatemeh Rostami; Rezagholi Vahidi

    2007-01-01

    Limited information is available on adolescent's substance abuse in Iran. The aims of this study are to estimate incidence rate of substance abuse among the sample of 10-grade male students in Tabriz City (northwestern region of Iran), and to evaluate the associated factors.Of all grade-10 male students in Tabriz, 1785 (13.7%) were randomly sampled, and were assessed twice. A self-administered

  4. Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Inpatient Substance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naelys Diaz; Diane Green; Eloise G. Horton

    2009-01-01

    The existing literature indicates high comorbidity rates between depressive disorders and substance abuse disorders. Despite\\u000a these elevated rates, there is limited empirical work devoted to understanding predictors of depressive symptoms among substance\\u000a abusers. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of spirituality, believing in God’s presence, Post-Traumatic Stress\\u000a Disorder (PTSD), parental bonding and demographic characteristics on depressive

  5. The Use of Required Treatment for Substance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Fagan

    1999-01-01

    Studies show that typically less than 10% of alcohol and other drug abusers voluntarily enter treatment for their substance abuse, and once in treatment, drop out rates are high. One controversial way to get clients into, and to participate in, treatment is the use of legally encouraged or required treatment. Grounded in the parents patriae doctrine of state protection, the

  6. The use of required treatment for substance abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Fagan

    1999-01-01

    Studies show that typically less than 10% of alcohol and other drug abusers voluntarily enter treatment for their substance abuse, and once in treatment, drop out rates are high. One controversial way to get clients into, and to participate in, treatment is the use of legally encouraged or required treatment. Grounded in the parents patriae doctrine of state protection, the

  7. Parenting knowledge among substance abusing women in treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha L. Velez; Lauren M. Jansson; Ivan D. Montoya; Wendy Schweitzer; Archie Golden; Dace Svikis

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess parenting knowledge and beliefs among drug abusing pregnant and recently postpartum women engaged in a comprehensive substance abuse treatment program. The effects of a parenting skills training program for this population were evaluated. A Parenting Skills Questionnaire was developed and administered to a sample of 73 pregnant and drug-dependent women during their

  8. Family Dynamic and Structural Correlates of Adolescent Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Betty M. Malkus

    1995-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between family factors and adolescents substance abuse by comparing the families of adolescents who do not abuse drugs or alcohol with the families of those who do. The subjects were 89 white adolescent males, with a mean age of 16 years, primarily from the rural areas of a Mid-Atlantic state. The relationship between each of

  9. Are There Inherited Behavioral Traits That Predispose to Substance Abuse?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph E. Tarter

    1988-01-01

    Research findings suggest that alcoholism and drug abuse may be predisposed by inherited behavioral propensities or temperaments. These inherited predispositions, through interaction with the physical and social environments, shape the development of personality. As discussed herein, there is strong evidence linking certain personality characteristics, specifically antisocial and neurotic traits, with the risk for substance abuse. Thus, personality and its precursor,

  10. Substance Abuse, Clinical Needs, and Treatment Outcomes for Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cosden, Merith A.; Peerson, Stacey

    Many women seek treatment for substance abuse problems during their child-bearing years. Evaluations of interventions for these women need to take into account other problems that women may have when they enter treatment. The effectiveness of residential treatment for women, some of whom reported a history of abuse and psychological problems, is…

  11. Gender Differences in Substance Dependence and Abuse. The NSDUH Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Health and Human Services, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Males are more likely to use, abuse, and be dependent on alcohol or illicit drugs than females. The 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) asked questions of persons aged 12 or older to assess their use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as their symptoms of substance dependence or abuse during the past year. NSDUH defines "any…

  12. Predictors of Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes in Tennessee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kedia, Satish; Williams, Charles

    2003-01-01

    Identifies and analyzes several variables important in predicting the likelihood of abstinence among substance abuse clients. Data was collected from 1,350 clients treated for alcohol or drug abuse in residential, halfway house, or outpatient facilities. Analyzing 22 variables as possible treatment outcome predictors, results found one…

  13. Creating Culturally Grounded Videos for Substance Abuse Prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lori K. Holleran; Leslie Reeves; Patricia Dustman; Flavio F. Marsiglia

    2002-01-01

    This article describes and critiques the pilot phase of a project in which an ethnically diverse group of students from a large southwestern urban high school created culturally based substance abuse prevention videos for urban middle school students. The rationale evolved from research that suggested that a peer-created, culturally-specific approach to drug abuse prevention would be more effective than would

  14. A Telephone Intervention for Substance-Using Adult Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence

    PubMed Central

    Mbilinyi, Lyungai F.; Neighbors, Clayton; Walker, Denise D.; Roffman, Roger A.; Zegree, Joan; Edleson, Jeffrey; O’Rourke, Allison

    2012-01-01

    Objective To preliminarily evaluate telephone-delivered motivational enhancement therapy (MET) in motivating unadjudicated and nontreatment seeking intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators, who also use substances, to self-refer into treatment. Method 124 adult men were recruited via a multimedia marketing campaign and were randomly assigned to the intervention (MET) or comparison group following a baseline assessment. Participants in the MET condition received a personalized feedback report on their IPV and substance-use behaviors, consequences, and social norms beliefs. Results Results supported the likely effectiveness of MET in short-term reduction of IPV behavior, increasing motivation for treatment seeking, and changing perceived norms for IPV and substance abuse (SA). Conclusions Applications for brief MET interventions to facilitate voluntary treatment entry among substance-using IPV perpetrators are discussed. PMID:22754270

  15. Understanding the diverse needs of children whose parents abuse substances.

    PubMed

    Solis, Jessica M; Shadur, Julia M; Burns, Alison R; Hussong, Andrea M

    2012-06-01

    In this review, we consider the potential service needs of children of substance abusing parents based on what we know about the risk outcomes faced by these children and the parenting deficits often present in these families. Importantly, our review does not address the etiological role of parental substance abuse in children's negative outcomes but instead we discuss the complex inter-related risk factors that often co-occur with and exacerbate risk associated with parental alcohol and drug use. We first review studies showing the elevated risk that children of substance abusing parents face in general for poorer academic functioning; emotional, behavioral, and social problems; and an earlier onset of substance use, faster acceleration in substance use patterns, and higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. We then review studies showing contextual risk factors for children of substance abusing parents, including parenting deficits (less warmth, responsiveness, and physical and verbal engagement as well as harsher and more over-involved interaction styles), greater risk for child maltreatment, and less secure attachment patterns. We conclude with a discussion of future directions for research and guidelines for professionals working with children and their families where parental substance abuse is present. PMID:22455509

  16. Understanding the Diverse Needs of Children whose Parents Abuse Substances

    PubMed Central

    Solis, Jessica M.; Shadur, Julia M.; Burns, Alison R.; Hussong, Andrea M.

    2013-01-01

    In this review, we consider the potential service needs of children of substance abusing parents based on what we know about the risk outcomes faced by these children and the parenting deficits often present in these families. Importantly, our review does not address the etiological role of parental substance abuse in children's negative outcomes but instead we discuss the complex inter-related risk factors that often co-occur with and exacerbate risk associated with parental alcohol and drug use. We first review studies showing the elevated risk that children of substance abusing parents face in general for poorer academic functioning; emotional, behavioral, and social problems; and an earlier onset of substance use, faster acceleration in substance use patterns, and higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. We then review studies showing contextual risk factors for children of substance abusing parents, including parenting deficits (less warmth, responsiveness, and physical and verbal engagement as well as harsher and more over-involved interaction styles), greater risk for child maltreatment, and less secure attachment patterns. We conclude with a discussion of future directions for research and guidelines for professionals working with children and their families where parental substance abuse is present. PMID:22455509

  17. Physical and sexual abuse as predictors of substance use and suicide among pregnant teenagers.

    PubMed

    Bayatpour, M; Wells, R D; Holford, S

    1992-03-01

    In order to better define risk factors for perinatal substance abuse, data from 352 pregnant teenagers enrolled in a comprehensive prenatal clinic were analyzed. Fifteen years was the average age, 82% were of minority descent, and all were receiving public assistance. At their first visit, a social worker obtained information on their home environment, family history, education, peer relationships, physical and mental health, and history of substance use. Following the interview, all teens were given a complete prenatal examination, including drug toxicology screening. The results indicate relatively low rates of substance use based on toxicology at the time of enrollment (3.6%). Self-reported rates of substance use prior to awareness of conception varied from 23% for tobacco to 17% for alcohol and marijuana; 7% of the subjects reported use of illicit substances after conception was confirmed. In addition, 80 of the 352 subjects acknowledged having been physically or sexually abused and 40 admitted to having suicidal ideation or actions. A comparison of those teenagers who had been physically or sexually abused with the remaining cohort revealed significant differences on marijuana (p less than 0.01) and cocaine (p less than 0.05) use prior to awareness of conception and on prior suicidality (p less than 0.0001). A positive history of physical or sexual abuse delineated a subset of pregnant teenagers who were at high risk for self-destructive behaviors. Teenagers in prenatal clinics should be screened, not only for current and past substance use, but also for sexual and physical abuse, domestic violence, and suicidal thoughts and actions. PMID:1627580

  18. Predicting Substance Abuse in a Sample of Nigerian Undergraduate Students: The Role of Core Self-evaluations and Delay of Gratification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gboyega E. Abikoye; James A. Adekoya

    2010-01-01

    Documented empirical evidence indicates that substance abuse among young people, especially students, is assuming an unprecedented\\u000a upward surge worldwide. Substance abuse among students is associated with a myriad of negative physical, social and psychological\\u000a consequences, including liver, cranial, and cardiovascular diseases, cancers, vehicular fatalities, mental and behaviour disorders,\\u000a violence, declining grades, increased potential for dropout and high truancy rates, suicides,

  19. Substance Abuse and Medical Complications Following Spinal Cord Injury

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allen W. Heinemann; Darlene Hawkins

    1995-01-01

    Substance abuse results in health problems by contributing to impairment and injuries. Few studies have examined how post-spinal cord injury medical complications may be affected by substance use. This study examined the use of alcohol and other drugs and the relationship between use and two medical complications, pressure ulcers and urinary tract infections. A sample of 103 persons undergoing inpatient

  20. Demographic and Clinical Correlates of Client Motivation among Substance Abusers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapp, Richard C.; Li, Li; Siegal, Harvey A.; DeLiberty, Richard N.

    2003-01-01

    Examines the role of motivation in substance abusers' acceptance of treatment and its relation to treatment outcomes. Better motivation was consistently associated with severity of substance use. Motivation was not related to alcohol and drug use severity six months later. Severity associated with motivation at entry was not related to clients'…

  1. Psychotropic Medications and Substances of Abuse Interactions in Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaminer, Yifrah; Goldberg, Pablo; Connor, Daniel F.

    2010-01-01

    The majority of youth with substance use disorders (SUDs) manifest one or more co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Consequently, many of these youths are being prescribed with psychotropic medications. As prescribing rates continue to increase for early-onset psychiatric disorders, potential risk for substance of abuse-psychiatric medication…

  2. Early Adolescent Substance Use/Abuse in Rural Northern Michigan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarvela, Paul D.; McClendon, E. J.

    Basic research and programs in substance abuse dealing directly with rural and small town populations lag far behind those aimed at urban groups, in both quality and quantity. A study was conducted to identify factors related to substance use by a preadolescent and early adolescent rural and small town population. Data were collected from 496…

  3. The Relationship Between Substance Abuse Treatment and Crime Relapse Among Individuals with Suspected Mental Disorder, Substance Abuse, and Antisocial Behavior: Findings from the MSAC Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clara Hellner Gumpert; Ulrika Winerdal; Markus Grundtman; Anne H. Berman; Marianne Kristiansson; Tom Palmstierna

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between regular substance abuse treatment and criminal recidivism in 403 male offenders with suspected mental disorder and substance abuse. Method: The study is observational, following a cohort of individuals during an observation period of up to 52 months. Individuals participating in planned substance abuse treatment were compared with nonparticipants with regard to crime relapse. Results:

  4. Advances in genetic studies of substance abuse in China

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Yan; Meng, Shiqiu; Li, Jiali; Shi, Jie; Lu, Lin

    2013-01-01

    Summary The importance of genetic factors in substance addiction has long been established. The rationale for this work is that understanding of the function of addiction genes and delineation of the key molecular pathways of these genes would enhance the development of novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers that could be used in the prevention and management of substance abuse. Over the past few years, there has been a substantial increase in the number of genetic studies conducted on addiction in China; these studies have primarily focused on heroin, alcohol, and nicotine dependence. Most studies of candidate genes have concentrated on the dopamine, opioid, and serotonin systems. A number of genes associated with substance abuse in Caucasians are also risk factors in Chinese, but several novel genes and genetic risk factors associated with substance abuse in Chinese subjects have also been identified. This paper reviews the genetic studies of substance abuse performed by Chinese researchers. Genotypes and alleles related to addictive behavior in Chinese individuals are discussed and the contributions of Chinese researchers to the international corpus of knowledge about the genetic understanding of substance abuse are described. PMID:24991158

  5. 75 FR 14596 - Family Violence Prevention and Services/Grants for Domestic Violence Shelters/Grants to Native...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-26

    ...preventive health services within domestic violence programs (including services promoting...prevention of substance abuse), domestic violence prevention programs for school-age children, family violence public awareness campaigns, and...

  6. New Directions for Substance-Abuse Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, David S.

    2011-01-01

    Across the nation and for a very long time, campuses and students have been plagued by drug and alcohol abuse. And it seems that many of our efforts to address that abuse, while necessary, have been woefully insufficient to the task. This article describes the nature and significance of the problem, examines current strategies for addressing it,…

  7. Parental Substance Abuse as a Predictor of Child Maltreatment Re-Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolock, Isabel; Magura, Stephen

    1996-01-01

    A two-year study of 239 families comprising both substance-abusing and nonsubstance-abusing parents found parental substance abuse greatly increased the likelihood of poorer family functioning and re-reports for maltreatment to the child protection services. The findings support the need for including parental substance abuse in risk assessment…

  8. Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites UT-B Contracts Div Page 1 of 1

    E-print Network

    Pennycook, Steve

    Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites UT-B Contracts Div July 2006 Page 1 of 1 work-place-sub-abuse-ext-july06.doc WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES (July 2006) (a) The Seller shall, consistent with 10 CFR part 707, Workplace Substance Abuse Programs at DOE Sites, incorporated herein by reference

  9. Substance Abuse and Medication Adherence Among HIV-Positive Women with Histories of Child Sexual Abuse

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Honghu; Longshore, Doug; Williams, John K.; Rivkin, Inna; Loeb, Tamra; Warda, Umme S.; Carmona, Jennifer; Wyatt, Gail

    2015-01-01

    Substance abuse increases the risks for infections and impairs medication adherence among HIV/AIDS patients. However, little is known about the characteristics of substance abuse and its impact on medication adherence among HIV-positive women with a history of child sexual abuse (CSA). In the present study, 148 HIV-positive women with a history of CSA completed a structured interview assessing CSA severity, psychological status, substance abuse, medication adherence, and sexual decision-making. Severity of CSA was significantly associated with substance use but not with adherence. Participants who had used hard drugs and who had lower self-esteem and adherence self-efficacy reported significantly lower levels of adherence. Additional research on how CSA experiences impact health behaviors is needed to help develop culturally congruent interventions to reduce risk behaviors and facilitate better medication adherence for this vulnerable population. PMID:16501869

  10. Substance abuse and homelessness: social selection or social adaptation?

    PubMed

    Johnson, T P; Freels, S A; Parsons, J A; Vangeest, J B

    1997-04-01

    Although substance abuse has for many years been documented as a serious problem among homeless populations, there is as yet no clear understanding of the nature of the relationship between substance abuse and homelessness. We evaluate alternative social selection and social adaptation models of this process. Using data from a random probability sample, the substance abuse and homeless experiences of 303 homeless people and people at risk of homelessness in Cook County, Illinois, were investigated. Proportional hazards regression models were employed to assess both social selection and social adaptation models. Drug but not alcohol abuse was associated with first homeless episode. Prior homeless experiences were found to be predictive of first symptoms of both alcohol and drug abuse. Other variables, including the availability of social and economic resources, were also associated with each of these outcomes. Models of both selection and adaptation processes are necessary to account for the association between homelessness and substance abuse, indicating that a multi-directional model is more appropriate. In addition findings suggest that, in recent years, drugs may have displaced alcohol as an important precursor of homelessness for many individuals. PMID:9177065

  11. Neuropsychological assessment of substance abusers: review and recommendations.

    PubMed

    Miller, L

    1985-01-01

    Neuropsychological assessment of substance abusers frequently proves useful for the evaluation of those aspects of cognitive functioning that may be relevant for optimal therapeutic management and treatment planning. Research has demonstrated the presence of neuropsychological impairment in chronic abusers of CNS depressants, including alcohol, as well as opiates and possibly cocaine, especially when such substances are combined in a polydrug pattern of abuse. Clinical neuropsychological evaluation of individual substance abusers should take into account the various personal, demographic and neuromedical background variables that can affect cognitive functioning. Efforts should be made to distinguish between acute drug effects and more longterm stable deficits that may not become apparent for some time. Neuropsychological referrals should be made, and measures selected to answer particular questions about neurocognitive functioning that are relevant to treatment and eventual overall adjustment. A neuropsychological review of systems is likely to show a pattern of impairment in substance abusers that involves the integration of different cognitive functions for effective problem solving. Strongly focal or lateralized deficit patterns are less likely to be the result of drug abuse alone, and should prompt the appropriate neuromedical follow-up. PMID:3900432

  12. Parenting knowledge among substance abusing women in treatment.

    PubMed

    Velez, Martha L; Jansson, Lauren M; Montoya, Ivan D; Schweitzer, Wendy; Golden, Archie; Svikis, Dace

    2004-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess parenting knowledge and beliefs among drug abusing pregnant and recently postpartum women engaged in a comprehensive substance abuse treatment program. The effects of a parenting skills training program for this population were evaluated. A Parenting Skills Questionnaire was developed and administered to a sample of 73 pregnant and drug-dependent women during their first week of substance abuse treatment and again approximately 7 weeks later, following parenting skills training. The questionnaire was designed to assess whether group and individual parenting sessions changed the subjects' knowledge and beliefs in four parenting domains: newborn care, feeding practices, child development and drug abuse during pregnancy. Pre-intervention scores for all parenting domains were low. Post- vs. pre-intervention comparisons showed significant increases in all domain scores after individual and group parenting skills training. Preliminary results obtained from this clinic-based sample suggest that these substance abusing mothers lacked important parenting knowledge and that this knowledge improved after comprehensive substance abuse treatment that included parenting training. PMID:15501374

  13. SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSERS ADMITTED TO A PRIVATE SPECIALIST CLINIC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. LAMPTEY

    2005-01-01

    SUMMARY Substance abuse is an increasing global socio- medical problem. The present study examines fif- teen socio-demographic characteristics of abusers and compares some of the characteristics to ran- domly selected non-substance abusers. The results show that substance abuse is largely a problem of the young\\/adolescent males (p<0.05). There are significant differences between male and female substance abuses (p<0.05). Some of

  14. Gender Differences in Social and Psychological Problems of Substance Abusers: A Comparison to Nonsubstance Abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diane Rae Davis; Diana M. DiNitto

    1996-01-01

    This study examines gender differences in 16 social and psychological problems among substance abusers and nonsubstance abusers in a community population to determine whether such differences are simply a reflection of differences between men and women in the general population. Data were gathered from 119 respondents using the Addiction Severity Index. Loglinear analysis suggests that problems typically attributed to “being

  15. Normalization of Violence: Experiences of Childhood Abuse by Inner-City Crack Users

    PubMed Central

    DUNLAP, ELOISE; GOLUB, ANDREW; JOHNSON, BRUCE D.; BENOIT, ELLEN

    2010-01-01

    An increasing literature mostly based on retrospective surveys has been consistently documenting a correlation between physical abuse in childhood (CPA) and substance abuse in adulthood (ASA). This article uses ethnographic data to reveal the processes behind and context of this linkage for one population—poor, inner-city New York residents who became crack users. Life in the inner city is qualitatively different than in more fortunate circumstances. CPA is but one of numerous stressors and factors contributing to ASA. Approximately half of the subjects reported clear recollections of being physically beaten by their mothers or their various male partners. Although several denied being beaten in childhood, they typically reported various forms of physical assaults that they “deserved.” Physical assaults, especially by mothers, were often understood as expressions of love. As such, these respondents viewed their ongoing physical assaults as an ordinary part of their childhood and adolescence. Such physical punishment also socialized and prepared children for the violence that would likely occur during their childhood in their inner-city communities. This analysis highlights how reducing substance abuse in the inner city may require a much more comprehensive effort than a focus on reducing CPA. These findings also have important implications for quantitative research regarding CPA and ASA. Such studies should subdivide their analyses by socioeconomic status to more clearly measure how much of a risk factor CPA represents among wealthier populations and how much not being abused may serve as a protective factor among poor inner-city populations. PMID:19266372

  16. Frequency of Substance Abuse Among Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Mesic, Salih; Ramadani, Sokolj; Zunic, Lejla; Skopljak, Amira; Pasagic, Almir; Masic, Izet

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Drug addiction is one of the most prominent problems in many countries in transition, including Bosnia and Herzegovina. Age limit of drug addiction is shifted to the younger age groups, especially is troubling the increase in number of injection drug users. Our study was aimed to investigate the habits, attitudes and practices related to drug use among young people from the area of Sarajevo city. We can still feel the effects of the war, among which are the most important life without closest relatives, banishment and various types of war and post-war trauma. Goals: To determine the frequency of substance abuse among adolescents; Identify potentially relevant biological, psychological and socio economic characteristics of the adolescents; To explore adolescents attitudes towards drug use; Examine the general level of knowledge of adolescents about drugs and their effects. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on randomized sample of 502 students in two primary and three secondary schools in Sarajevo and Gracanica. To study used survey method. Survey instrument was a self-made questionnaire with the research variables. The obtained data were processed by a computer and statistically correlated. The study is of combined, retrospective, prospective and transversal type. Results: To the question “How many times have you consumed cannabis in the last 30 days” about 6% of the respondents have tried once or twice, while 1.5% use it daily, ecstasy have tried one or two times 2.25%, while 0.5% have daily use. Based on the obtained results it can be concluded that students at schools in Sarajevo consumed drugs 50% more than the children in Gracanica. Analyzing the age at which the subjects consumed the drug for the first time, we came to the conclusion that in the third year of high school only 8% of adolescents have tried any drugs before they turned 15 years. This percentage among eighth graders is about three times higher. Conclusion: Presented research results clearly suggest a strong contamination of the living environment of young people with different types of psychoactive substances. Offer of drugs is extensive and distribution network covers all the places where young people visits, including schools. It is clear that today’s teenagers sooner or later hear about drugs, see, get in touch with a “junkie” and have a chance to take the drugs if they want to. From our research, we found that the following factors: Marital status of parents, employment of parents, the number of family members, type of school and satisfaction with oneself are not crucial for the eventual drug use among young people. While, the biological status of the parents, educational status of parents, financial status of parents, the tendency of parents tobacco and alcohol use, adolescents’ attitude to parents, the harmony of relationships between parents, school performance, positive attitude toward the so-called light drugs, represent significant risk factors for adolescent populations. PMID:24511272

  17. Factors that predict adolescent motivation for substance abuse treatment.

    PubMed

    Battjes, Robert J; Gordon, Michael S; O'Grady, Kevin E; Kinlock, Timothy W; Carswell, Melissa A

    2003-04-01

    Many adolescent substance abusers enter treatment because of external pressures and thus lack motivation to change their behavior and engage in treatment. Because an understanding of adolescent motivation may contribute to improved treatment, an investigation of factors that predict motivation was undertaken with youth admitted to an adolescent outpatient substance abuse treatment program (N=196). At admission, these subjects received a comprehensive biopsychosocial assessment. Using multiple regression analysis, factors considered to potentially predict motivation were assessed. Of the factors examined, those that involved experiencing various negative consequences of substance use emerged as important predictors of motivation, whereas severity of substance use did not. Diminished awareness of negative consequences of use was consonant with lower motivation, suggesting the importance of interventions to help youth recognize negative consequences of their substance use. Interventions to enhance motivation are likely to become more important as the juvenile justice system increasingly refers troubled youth to treatment. PMID:12810143

  18. Substance Abuse among High-Risk Sexual Offenders: Do Measures of Lifetime History of Substance Abuse Add to the Prediction of Recidivism over Actuarial Risk Assessment Instruments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Looman, Jan; Abracen, Jeffrey

    2011-01-01

    There has been relatively little research on the degree to which measures of lifetime history of substance abuse add to the prediction of risk based on actuarial measures alone among sexual offenders. This issue is of relevance in that a history of substance abuse is related to relapse to substance using behavior. Furthermore, substance use has…

  19. A Functional Guide to the Evidence-Based Practice Movement in the Substance Abuse Treatment Field

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shelley Steenrod

    2009-01-01

    As a matter of policy, public and private purchasers of substance abuse treatment services are requiring the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in mental health and substance abuse treatment programs. Social work practitioners and agency leaders should be familiar with EBPs specific to substance abuse treatment as they regularly serve individuals with substance use disorders. The goals of this article

  20. Toward a rational pharmacotherapy of comorbid substance abuse in schizophrenic patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John H Krystal; D. Cyril D'Souza; Steven Madonick; Ismene L Petrakis

    1999-01-01

    The prevalence of substance abuse is elevated among schizophrenic patients. When free of illicit substances and sober, substance-abusing schizophrenic patients may have a better prognosis than other frequently hospitalized schizophrenic patients. However, the cost of substance abuse is great in terms of rehospitalization, homelessness, risk of other medical illness, disruption of social and vocational function, exacerbation of symptoms, suicide, and

  1. Updated 10/2012 Alcohol/Substance Abuse Treatment OP/IOP/PHP*

    E-print Network

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    Updated 10/2012 Alcohol/Substance Abuse Treatment OP/IOP/PHP* Please note patient or family member-OP, IOP, PHP; Primary Substance Abuse-OP, IOP; Senior Program > 55y.o., alcohol only substance, take Medicare Glastonbury: Primary Substance Abuse Addiction-evening OP, IOP Meridan: Dual Diagnosis

  2. Human immunodeficiency virus risk behavior among female substance abusers.

    PubMed

    Ramsey, Susan E; Bell, Kathryn M; Engler, Patricia A

    2010-04-01

    HIV is an increasingly critical and costly health problem for American women. Substance use plays a major role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women. There are several plausible explanations for the association between substance use and HIV risk behavior. Pregnant substance abusers are a population deserving special attention given the prevalence of risk behavior in this population and the added risk of perinatal transmission of HIV. Current guidelines for the screening and treatment of HIV among pregnant women and their infants are delineated. Substance abuse treatment has a limited impact on HIV risk behavior in female substance abusers. Similarly, traditional knowledge-based and skill-based HIV risk reduction interventions have modest efficacy in this population. Hence, there is a need to develop new interventions that directly target sex-related and drug-related HIV risk behavior among female substance abusers. Recent work suggests that the incorporation of motivational interviewing components into traditional HIV risk reduction interventions may be a promising new direction for the field. PMID:20407976

  3. Child Maltreatment and Adulthood Violence: The Contribution of Attachment and Drug Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret M. Feerick; Jeffrey J. Haugaard; Denise A. Hien

    2002-01-01

    This study examined the association between child maltreatment and adult violence in a high-risk sample of women with and without a history of cocaine abuse and the contribution of working models of childhood attachment relationships in understanding this association. Results indicated that whereas childhood physical abuse was associated with adult sexual victimization for cocaine-abusing women, sexual abuse was associated with

  4. Symptom Endorsement of Alcohol and Other Substance Abuse and Dependence Criteria Among American-Indian Adolescents in Residential Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexandra Fickenscher; Douglas K. Novins; Jan Beals

    2006-01-01

    Objective. This study addresses the prevalence of DSM-IV substance abuse and dependence and the endorsement of specific symptoms of these disorders among American-Indian adolescents admitted to a residential substance abuse treatment program.Method. We interviewed 89 American Indian adolescents using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Substance Abuse Module (CIDI-SAM).Results. The most frequent diagnoses included marijuana dependence (51.7%), followed by alcohol abuse and

  5. A National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment for Juvenile Offenders

    PubMed Central

    Young, Douglas W.; Dembo, Richard; Henderson, Craig E.

    2008-01-01

    Despite consensus about the value of substance abuse treatment for delinquent youth, information about its prevalence and availability is inadequate and inconsistent. This paper presents findings about treatment and other correctional service provision from a national survey of directors of 141 juvenile institutional and community corrections facilities. Educational/GED programming and drug and alcohol education were the most prevalent types of correctional and substance abuse services. Other common services included physical health services and mental health assessment, provided to about 60% of youth across facilities, and mental health counseling, life and communication skills, and anger management, provided to about half the youth. Substance abuse treatment, as with most other services, were more prevalent in large, state-funded residential facilities (where 66% provided treatment), than local detention centers (20%) and community corrections facilities (56%). More detailed data showed that the number of youth attending treatment in all types of facilities on any given day was very low. PMID:17383550

  6. Substance Abuse Treatment Stage and Personal Networks of Women in Substance Abuse Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Tracy, Elizabeth M.; Kim, HyunSoo; Brown, Suzanne; Min, Meeyoung O.; Jun, Min Kyoung; McCarty, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the relationship among 4 treatment stages (i.e., engagement, persuasion, active treatment, relapse prevention) and the composition, social support, and structural characteristics of personal networks. The study sample includes 242 women diagnosed with substance dependence who were interviewed within their first month of intensive outpatient treatment. Using EgoNet software, the women reported on their 25 alter personal networks and the characteristics of each alter. With one exception, few differences were found in the network compositions at different stages of substance abuse treatment. The exception was the network composition of women in the active treatment stage, which included more network members from treatment programs or 12-Step meetings. Although neither the type nor amount of social support differed across treatment stages, reciprocity differed between women in active treatment and those in the engagement stage. Networks of women in active treatment were less connected, as indicated by a higher number of components, whereas networks of women in the persuasion stage had a higher degree of centralization, as indicated by networks dominated by people with the most ties. Overall, we find social network structural variables to relate to the stage of treatment, whereas network composition, type of social support, and sociodemographic variables (with a few exceptions) do not relate to treatment stage. Results suggest that social context, particularly how social contacts are arranged around clients, should be incorporated into treatment programs, regardless of demographic background. PMID:22639705

  7. The Temporal Association between Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence among Women Arrested for Domestic Violence

    PubMed Central

    Stuart, Gregory L.; Moore, Todd M.; Elkins, Sara R.; O’Farrell, Timothy J.; Temple, Jeff R.; Ramsey, Susan; Shorey, Ryan C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective There is a paucity of research on the temporal association between substance use and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization, especially among women arrested for domestic violence. The current study examined whether the probability of IPV perpetration and victimization increases following alcohol or drug use relative to days of no use among women arrested for domestic violence. Method Women arrested for domestic violence and court referred to batterer intervention programs who met criteria for hazardous drinking participated in the current study (N=105). Women who reported drinking four or more drinks on one occasion at least once per month for the past six months were considered hazardous drinkers. Violence and substance use were assessed with the Timeline Followback Interviews for substance use and IPV. Results Women were more likely to perpetrate physical violence on a drinking day (OR=10.58; 95% CI=5.38–20.79) and on a heavy drinking day (OR=12.81; 95% CI=8.10–33.57), relative to a non-drinking day. Women were more likely to be victimized by physical violence on a drinking day (OR=5.22; 95% CI=2.79–9.77) and on a heavy drinking day (OR=6.16; 95% CI=3.25–11.68), relative to a non-drinking day. They were more likely to be victims of sexual coercion (OR=6.06; 95% CI=1.19–30.80) on a cocaine use day relative to a non-use day. Conclusions Alcohol use was temporally associated with physical violence perpetration and victimization, and cocaine use was temporally associated with sexual coercion victimization, suggesting that substance use should be targeted in batterer intervention programs for women. PMID:23647284

  8. 76 FR 19261 - National Child Abuse Prevention Month, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ...sign into law the CAPTA (Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment) Reauthorization...tools to identify and address abuse and neglect. This Act will also...for mistreatment like substance abuse, mental illness, and domestic violence. We are also...

  9. Substances of abuse and movement disorders: complex interactions and comorbidities

    PubMed Central

    Deik, Andres; Saunders-Pullman, Rachel; Luciano, Marta San

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between movement disorders and substance abuse which we previously reviewed are updated. We examine these relationships bidirectionally with focus on drugs of abuse which cause movement disorders, as well as primary movement disorders that are associated with use and abuse of alcohol and dopaminergic medications. First, we review the movement disorders that may develop from the acute use or withdrawal of frequent drugs of abuse, including alcohol, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine and methcathinone. We then comment on the interaction between alcoholism and alcohol-responsive movement disorders, such as essential tremor and myoclonus-dystonia. Lastly, we discuss the potential for abuse of antiparkinsonian dopaminergic agents in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). PMID:23030352

  10. 49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  11. 49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  12. 49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  13. 49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  14. 49 CFR 240.119 - Criteria for consideration of data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...data on substance abuse disorders and alcohol/drug rules compliance...treat the substance abuse evaluation as confidential...certification. (c) Prior alcohol/drug conduct;...

  15. Animal abuse and family violence: Survey on the recognition of animal abuse by veterinarians in New Zealand and their understanding of the correlation between animal abuse and human violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    VM Williams; AR Dale; N Clarke; NKG Garrett

    2008-01-01

    AIMS: To establish the incidence, frequency and type of deliberate animal abuse seen in veterinary practice in New Zealand, and ascertain veterinarians' knowledge of human abuse within the families where animal abuse was occurring. To explore attitudes of veterinarians to and knowledge about the correlation between animal abuse and human violence, and their perceived role in dealing with such issues.METHODS:

  16. Relationship between perceived life satisfaction and adolescents’ substance abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith J Zullig; Robert F Valois; E. Scott Huebner; John E Oeltmann; J. Wanzer Drane

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: To explore the relationship between perceived global life satisfaction and selected substance use behaviors among 5032 public high school students.Methods: The 1997 South Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey substance abuse and life satisfaction variables were used. An adjusted polychotomous logistic regression analysis utilizing SAS\\/SUDAAN, revealed a significant race\\/gender interaction. Subsequent multivariate models were constructed individually for four race\\/gender groups.

  17. 48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. ...and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating...

  18. Evaluating community coalitions for prevention of substance abuse: The case of project freedom

    E-print Network

    Fawcett, Stephen B.; Lewis, Rhonda K.; Paine-Andrews, Adrienne; Francisco, Vincent T.; Richter, Kimber P.; Williams, Ella L.; Copple, Barbara

    1997-01-01

    of coalitions for the prevention of substance abuse. The evaluation addresses five key questions: (a) Was the community mobilized to address substance abuse (Process)? (b) What changes in the community resulted from the coalition (Outcome)? (c) Is there a change...

  19. 48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. ...and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating...

  20. Grant Title: POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES Funding Opportunity Number: NA

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Grant Title: POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES (MHSAS) Funding Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Area of Research: Provide postdoctoral training for mental Opportunity Number: NA Agency/Department: American Psychological Association (APA), Substance Abuse and Mental

  1. Prevalence and Implications of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents in Treatment for Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    BEVERLY R. HORNER; KARL E. SCHEIBE

    1997-01-01

    ObjectiveAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is overrepresented among adults and adolescents in treatment for substance abuse. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of ADHD and to elucidate differences among adolescent substance abusers relative to ADHD symptomatology.

  2. Dangerous Liaisons: Substance Abuse and Sex.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    This report takes a comprehensive look at the connections between alcohol, drug use, and sex. Two national data sets on more than 34,000 teenagers and two sets on arrested and incarcerated sex offenders were analyzed. A review of the literature, interviews with experts, and an examination of programs aimed at prevention of abuse were included in…

  3. Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dublin Univ. (Ireland). Dept. of Teacher Education.

    This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for students of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling, treatment and…

  4. Substance and Alcohol Abuse Policy for Employees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westminster Coll. of Salt Lake City, UT.

    This brochure sets forth the policy on drug and alcohol abuse for employees of Westminster College of Salt Lake City (Utah). The first section of the booklet contains the school's policy prohibiting the use of illegal drugs and prohibiting the use of alcohol except where approval has been granted. This section also describes the counseling,…

  5. Methylphenidate Misuse in Substance Abusing Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Linda D.; Key, Janice D.; Payne, Tricia P.

    2000-01-01

    Study determined the change in prevalence of Methylphenidate misuse over the last four years in adolescents (N=240) assessed at an outpatient abuse treatment facility. Results showed a significant increase in Methylphenidate misuse over the last 2.5 years; this increase was greatest in White adolescents. Suggests that treatment with…

  6. PTSD symptom clusters are differentially related to substance use among community women exposed to intimate partner violence.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, Tami P; Holt, Laura J

    2008-04-01

    Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) have higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse compared to women who do not experience IPV. However, the extent to which IPV-related PTSD symptoms are related to women's substance use involvement largely has been unexplored. The current study investigated PTSD symptomatology and substance use in a community sample of 212 IPV-exposed women. Drug-using women reported higher PTSD severity scores compared to women who reported no substance use or alcohol use only. Moreover, the reexperiencing, avoidance and numbing, and arousal clusters demonstrated unique associations with substance use involvement. Findings not only elucidate the associations among IPV-related PTSD symptoms and substance use, but they also can inform community-based preventive interventions. PMID:18404637

  7. Anger-Related Dysregulation as a Factor Linking Childhood Physical Abuse and Interparental Violence to Intimate Partner Violence Experiences

    PubMed Central

    Iverson, Katherine M.; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Adair, Kathryn C.; Monson, Candice M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Childhood family violence exposure is associated with increased risk for experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain inadequately understood. Difficulties with emotion regulation may be one factor that helps to explain this relationship. Method Childhood physical abuse and interparental violence, as well as subsequent IPV experiences, were assessed in a large sample of young adults (N = 670). Several indicators of anger-related dysregulation were also assessed. Structural equation modeling was used to create a latent variable of anger-related dysregulation, which was examined as a potential mediator of the associations between childhood family violence exposure and IPV. Results Childhood physical abuse and interparental violence were associated with greater physical, sexual, and emotional IPV victimization. Childhood physical abuse and interparental violence were also associated with anger-related dysregulation, which was positively associated with all three types of IPV experiences. Anger-related dysregulation fully mediated the association between witnessing interparental violence and physical IPV. Anger-related dysregulation partially mediated the association between witnessing interparental violence and psychological IPV and the associations of childhood physical abuse with all three forms of IPV. These associations were consistent across gender. Conclusions Interventions aimed at reducing IPV risk among survivors of childhood family violence may benefit from including techniques to target anger-related emotion regulation skills. PMID:25199386

  8. Aggression and Violence in Households of Crack Sellers/Abusers

    PubMed Central

    DUNLAP, ELOISE; JOHNSON, BRUCE D.; RATH, JULIA W.

    2009-01-01

    While the consequences of aggression and violence in family settings have been extensively documented, the intergenerational processes by which such behaviors are modeled, learned, and practiced have not been firmly established. This research was derived from a larger ethnographic study of crack sellers and their family systems and provides a case study of one kin network in Harlem where many adults were actively involved in alcohol and hard drug use and sales. “Illuminating episodes” suggest the various processes by which aggression and violence were directly modeled by adults and observed and learned by children. Aggression and violent behavior were entrenched in the Jones and Smith family, as was drug consumption and sales. Adults often fought over drugs or money and feuded while under the influence of crack and alcohol. They used aggression and violence against family members as retribution or punishment for previous aggressive and violent acts. Aggressive language and excessive profanity were routine adult behaviors and a major means of communication; jokes and insults led to arguments, often followed by fights. Most adults who were abused physically or sexually as children did the same to their own as when one mother was knifed by her daughter. Children rarely obtained special attention and support and had almost no opportunity to learn nonaggressive patterns. Rather, youths learned to model adult behaviors, such that the intergenerational transmission of aggression and violence was well established in this kin network. PMID:19920879

  9. Evaluating and Training Substance Abuse Counselors: A Pilot Study Assessing Standardized Patients as Authentic Clients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Holly E. Fussell; Colleen S. Lewy; Bentson H. McFarland

    2009-01-01

    Clinician training and supervision are needed to transfer evidence-based practices to community-based treatment organizations. Standardized patients (SPs) are used for clinician training and evaluating. However, to be effective for substance abuse counselors, SPs must realistically portray substance abuse treatment clients. The current study assessed authenticity of SPs as substance abuse treatment clients. Twenty-one substance abuse counselors interviewed SP(s) with differing

  10. Impact of ADHD and Its Treatment on Substance Abuse in Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy E. Wilens

    Attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for substance abuse in adults. Ad- ditional psychiatric comorbidity increases this risk. ADHD is associated with different characteristics of substance abuse: substance abuse transitions more rapidly to dependence, and lasts longer in adults with ADHD than those without ADHD. Self-medication may be a factor in the high rate of substance abuse in adults

  11. Parental substance abuse and child maltreatment: Review and implications for intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Magura; Alexandre B. Laudet

    1996-01-01

    This paper reviews the link between the incidence of child abuse and neglect and parental substance abuse. Parenting and women-specific components are needed in existing drug abuse treatment programs. In addition, parenting and pregnant women who are substance abusers can benefit from comprehensive, family-centered treatment services where recovery is addressed in the context of total family needs. The paper reviews

  12. Facilitating Healthy Parenting Among Mothers with Substance Abuse or Dependence Problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheryl L. Mejta; Rachel Lavin

    1996-01-01

    More than one and one-half million children in the United States experience abuse or neglect. Research has identified parental substance abuse or dependence as one of the primary risk factors for child abuse. Along with this recognition, there are increased efforts to provide appropriate treatment to maltreating, substance-abusing or dependent parents. Parenting interventions may be required or recommended in conjunction

  13. Religiosity and Substance Abuse: Need for Systematic Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharma, Manoj

    2006-01-01

    Religion plays a significant role in human life, yet its potential to influence health and health-related conditions is not well studied. This article cites several studies that examine the correlation between religiosity and substance abuse. This article also suggests that more systematic researches are needed to validate the correlation of…

  14. Oxford House: Deaf-Affirmative Support for Substance Abuse Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Josefina; Adebanjo, Aderonke M.; Davidson, Michelle K.; Jason, Leonard A.; Davis, Margaret I.

    2006-01-01

    Deaf individuals seeking substance abuse recovery are less likely to have access to treatment and aftercare services because of a lack of culturally and linguistically specific programs and insufficient information about existing services. Previous research indicates that Oxford House, a network of resident-run recovery homes, serves a diverse…

  15. CLINICAL REVIEW Circadian rhythms, sleep, and substance abuse

    E-print Network

    Schumaker, Mark

    in the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders. Ó 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Introduction t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 6 July 2010 Received in revised form 15 March 2011 abuse is linked to numerous mental and physical health problems, including disturbed sleep

  16. One Christian's Understanding of Substance Abuse: Disease, Decision, Addiction, Dependency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Otto B. Schultz

    1998-01-01

    This paper sees both sin and disease as involved in varying degrees in different substance abusers. Moreover, two additional elements come into play. One is addiction, the physical need for a drug characterized by withdrawal sickness. The other is dependency, the spiritual need for the drug in which the drug becomes a god in the individual's life. It may be

  17. Sexual Objectification and Substance Abuse in Young Adult Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Erika R.; Szymanski, Dawn M.

    2011-01-01

    Objectification Theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) provides an important perspective for understanding the experiences of women living in a culture that sexualizes and objectifies the female body. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between interpersonal sexual objectification experiences and women's substance abuse in a…

  18. Growth and Empowerment for Indigenous Australians in Substance Abuse Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Stacey L.; Crowe, T. P.; Deane, F. P.; Billingham, M.; Bhagerutty, Y.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes psychosocial outcomes of an Indigenous residential substance abuse rehabilitation centre in Australia, examines the sensitivity to change of the new Growth and Empowerment Measure (GEM), and explores the degree to which service users value cultural components of the treatment program. Participants were 57 Indigenous and 46…

  19. Understanding and Treating Substance Abusers and Their Infants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jansson, Lauren M.; Velez, Martha

    1999-01-01

    Describes the multiple needs of the substance-abusing mother and her infant, challenges faced by people working with this population, and the experience of a comprehensive-care treatment facility in meeting those needs. General recommendations for practitioners treating this unique population are also included. (Author/CR)

  20. CSAP Substance Abuse Resource Guide: Parents, Guardians, and Caregivers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Andrea B., Ed.

    Parents and guardians have a tremendous influence on the attitudes and behavior of their children, especially when it comes to substance abuse. Information and referrals to assist parents and guardians, as well as information and resources for prevention specialists and community leaders, are provided in this resource guide. The guide was compiled…

  1. Hope-Focused Interventions in Substance Abuse Counselling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehn, Corinne; O'Neill, Linda; Sherry, John

    2012-01-01

    Hope is a vital component of psychological healing and plays a critical role in counselling. With despair so prominent for individuals with serious substance abuse problems, the question arises as to how to foster hope in such clients. There are recent suggestions in the general counselling literature that some of the work in counselling involve…

  2. Adolescents and Substance Abuse: Warning Signs and School Counseling Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, LaShonda B.

    2012-01-01

    Adolescence is a challenging time for many young persons. Navigating the academic, personal/social, and career planning challenges associated with adolescence indeed is challenging even with excellent school, family, and community support. For those adolescents struggling with substance use and abuse, these challenges become even greater. School…

  3. The Inspiration of Hope in Substance Abuse Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehn, Corinne; Cutcliffe, John R.

    2012-01-01

    This study used a grounded theory method to explore how counselors inspire hope in clients struggling with substance abuse. Findings from 10 participants revealed that hope inspiration occurred in 3 phases and consisted of several categories of hope-inspiring processes. Implications for counseling practice, counselor education, and research are…

  4. Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Organizational Change and Quality of Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieckmann, Traci; Fussell, Holly; Doyle, Kevin; Ford, Jay; Riley, Katherine J.; Henderson, Stuart

    2011-01-01

    Substance abuse treatment agencies serving youth face unique barriers to providing quality care. Interviews with 17 adolescent programs found that family engagement, community involvement, and gender and diversity issues affected treatment delivery. Programs report organizational change efforts with implications for future process improvement…

  5. Substance Abuse Counselors and Moral Reasoning: Hypothetical and Authentic Dilemmas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sias, Shari M.

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the assumption that the level of moral reasoning (Defining Issues Test; J. R. Rest, 1986) used in solving hypothetical and authentic dilemmas is similar for substance abuse counselors (N = 188). The statistical analyses used were paired-sample t tests, Pearson product-moment correlation, and simultaneous multiple…

  6. A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GILBERT J. BOTVIN; ELI BAKER; NANCY L. RENICK; ANNE D. FILAZZOLA; ELIZABETH M. BOTVIN

    1984-01-01

    The effectiveness of a 20 session cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention was tested on seventh grade students (n = 1,311) from 10 suburban New York junior high schools. The prevention strategy attempted to reduce intrapersonal pressure to smoke, drink excessively, or use marijuana by fostering the development of general life skills as well as teaching students tactics for resisting

  7. Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse. Initial Findings. Research Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huizinga, David; Loeber, Rolf; Thornberry, Terence P.

    In collaborative efforts three research teams have investigated the problems of urban delinquency and substance abuse in longitudinal studies that have gone on since 1986. The Denver Youth Study is a longitudinal survey that involves annual interviews with probability samples of five different birth cohorts and their parents from areas of Denver…

  8. Medical Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Sakai, Joseph T.; Thurstone, Christian; Corley, Robin; Hopfer, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To assess the prevalence and frequency of medical marijuana diversion and use among adolescents in substance abuse treatment and to identify factors related to their medical marijuana use. Method: This study calculated the prevalence and frequency of diverted medical marijuana use among adolescents (n = 164), ages 14-18 years (mean age…

  9. Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Holly Barrett Waldron; Charles W. Turner

    2008-01-01

    This review synthesized findings from 17 studies since 1998 regarding evaluation of outpatient treatments for adolescent substance abuse. These studies represented systematic design advances in adolescent clinical trial science. The research examined 46 different intervention conditions with a total sample of 2,307 adolescents. The sample included 7 individual cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) replications (n = 367), 13 group CBT replications (n = 771), 17

  10. Volatile Substance Abuse: A Review of Findings in ESPAD 2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ives, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Volatile substance abuse (VSA) is an under-recognized worldwide problem. Data, especially international comparisons, are limited. The 2005 ESPAD report published data on VSA from 35 countries, collected in 2003. Lifetime prevalence of VSA can be as high as 22%, with little difference between boys and girls in most countries. Perceived risk of VSA…

  11. Curricular Guidelines for Pharmacy Education: Substance Abuse and Addictive Disease.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy guidelines for required and elective instructional content concerning substance abuse for pharmacy students is presented. Recommended required content includes psychosocial aspects of drug use; pharmacology and toxicology; identification, intervention, and treatment of addiction; and legal issues.…

  12. Antisocial Personality Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Substance Abuse in Schizophrenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kim T. Mueser; Robert E. Drake; Theimann H. Ackerson; Arthur I. Alterman; Keith M. Miles; Douglas L. Noordsy

    1997-01-01

    The validity of subtypes based on antisocial personality disorder (APD) or childhood conduct disorder without adult APD (CD only) in patients with schizophrenia (or schizoaffective disorder) and a substance use disorder (abuse or dependence) was examined. APD patients scored lower on personality measures related to socialization and higher on antisocial behavior, psychopathy, and aggression. APD patients also reported higher rates

  13. Substance Abuse Treatment Clinician Opinions and Infectious Disease Service Delivery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathlene Tracy; Lawrence S. Brown; Steven Kritz; Donald Alderson; Jim Robinson; Edmund J. Bini; Michael Levy; Donald Calsyn; Traci Rieckmann; Bret Fuller; Pat McAuliffe; John Rotrosen

    2009-01-01

    Substance abuse treatment programs are an important platform for delivery of services for infectious diseases associated with drug and alcohol use. However, important components of infectious disease care are not universally provided. Clinician training often focuses on information about infectious diseases and less attention is paid to provider opinions and attitudes that may be barriers to providing infectious diseases services.

  14. State substance abuse and mental health managed care evaluation program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis McCarty; Joan Dilonardo; Milton Argeriou

    2003-01-01

    The articles in this special section of the Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research (30:1) present results from evaluations of publicly funded managed care initiatives for substance abuse and mental health treatment in Arizona, Iowa, Maryland, and Nebraska. This overview outlines the four managed care programs and summarizes the results from the studies. The evaluations used administrative data and

  15. Parental consent in adolescent substance abuse treatment outcome studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas C. Smith; Shamra Boel-Studt; Leah Cleeland

    2009-01-01

    No systematic review has focused on parental consenting procedures used in adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes research. To address this gap, we examined parental consenting procedures in adolescent outcome studies (n = 34) published between 1980 and 2007. Although parental consent was required in 89% of adolescent treatment outcome studies we reviewed, consenting procedures were not routinely reported. We argue

  16. The Substance Abuse Treatment Workforce of South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sodano, Ruthlyn; Watson, Donnie W.; Rataemane, Solomon; Rataemane, Lusanda; Ntlhe, Nomvuyo; Rawson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe characteristics of substance abuse treatment counselors in the Republic of South Africa, including demographics, education, training, and job duties. Counselors recruited from 24 treatment centers completed a survey after signing informed consent. Counselors were primarily female (75%), racially diverse…

  17. Cost-Effectiveness of Case Management in Substance Abuse Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saleh, Shadi S.; Vaughn, Thomas; Levey, Samuel; Fuortes, Laurence; Uden-Holmen, Tanya; Hall, James A.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study, which is part of a larger clinical trial, was to examine the cost-effectiveness of case management for individuals treated for substance abuse in a residential setting. Method: Clients who agreed to participate were randomly assigned to one of four study groups. Two groups received face-to-face case management…

  18. A national survey of substance abuse treatment for juvenile offenders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas W. Young; Richard Dembo; Craig E. Henderson

    2007-01-01

    Despite consensus about the value of substance abuse treatment for delinquent youth, information about its prevalence and availability is inadequate and inconsistent. This article presents findings about treatment and other correctional service provision from a national survey of directors of 141 juvenile institutional and community corrections (CC) facilities. Educational\\/General Educational Development programming and drug and alcohol education were the most

  19. Interdisciplinary Service-Learning Substance Abuse Projects: Processes and Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Straussner, S. Lala A.; Marcus, Marianne T.; Brown, Richard L.; Madden, Theresa; Graham, Antonnette V.; Schoener, Eugene P.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and implementation of community-based, service-learning field projects by 30 health professional faculty fellows of Project MAINSTREAM, a faculty development program on substance abuse. The fellows worked together for two years in 10 Interdisciplinary Faculty Learning Groups (IFLGs), which…

  20. Substance Abuse by Elders and Self-Enhancement Bias

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane

    2009-01-01

    Human service professionals regularly do not recognize the symptoms of substance abuse in older populations and are unlikely to provide intervention. In this study, human service students (N = 242) were given one of three vignettes in which the main character was an 80-year-old man, an 80-year-old woman, or they were asked to imagine themselves at…

  1. The Relationship between Domestic Violence and Animal Abuse: An Australian Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volant, Anne M.; Johnson, Judy A.; Gullone, Eleonora; Coleman, Grahame J.

    2008-01-01

    Several North American studies have found a connection between domestic violence and animal abuse. This article reports on the first Australian research to examine this connection. A group of 102 women recruited through 24 domestic violence services in the state of Victoria and a nondomestic violence comparison group (102 women) recruited from the…

  2. Does Living with a Substance Abusing Father Increase Substance Abuse Risk in Male Offspring? Impact on Individual, Family, School, and Peer Vulnerability Factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph E. Tarter; Katie Schultz; Levent Kirisci; Marija Dunn

    2001-01-01

    To determine whether magnitude of risk in offspring of fathers with substance use disorders differs with respect to liability severity according to presence or absence of the father in the home. Boys age 10–12 having biological substance abusing fathers living at home were compared to a matched group of boys where the biological substance abusing fathers were separated from their

  3. Substance abuse in Hawaii: Perspectives of key local human service organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beth E. Waitzfelder; Charles C. Engel Jr; Fred I. Gilbert Jr

    1998-01-01

    Available evidence suggests that substance abuse in Hawaii is a substantial problem. The three major objectives of this study were to determine qualitatively Hawaii's human service organizations’ perspective regarding (1) the magnitude of the statewide substance abuse problem, (2) the unmet needs of the state's substance abuse treatment system, and (3) the features of the problem unique to Hawaii's many

  4. Substance Abuse in Hawaii: Perspectives of Key Local Human Service Organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beth E. Waitzfelder; Charles C. Engel; Fred I. Gilbert

    1998-01-01

    Available evidence suggests that substance abuse in Hawaii is a substantial problem. The three major objectives of this study were to determine qualitatively Hawaii's human service organizations' perspective regarding (1) the magnitude of the statewide substance abuse problem, (2) the unmet needs of the state's substance abuse treatment system, and (3) the features of the problem unique to Hawaii's many

  5. A Practical Framework for Evaluating a Culturally Tailored Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Programme in Molokai, Hawaii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kelley M. Withy; Wayde Lee; Ralph F. Renger

    2007-01-01

    Objective. Successful substance abuse treatment requires many changes in behavior, attitude and skills. Culturally tailored approaches to substance abuse treatment have shown initial success, but are not yet accepted as best practice models. In order to document programme effectiveness of a new culturally tailored substance abuse treatment programme on the rural island of Molokai, Hawaii, the authors worked to develop

  6. REPORT ON SUBSTANCE USE,ABUSE, AND ADDICTION RESEARCH AT NIH

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    REPORT ON SUBSTANCE USE,ABUSE, AND ADDICTION RESEARCH AT NIH SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW BOARD National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland #12;iii SUBSTANCE USE, ABUSE, AND ADDICTION WORKING GROUP MANAGEMENT REVIEW BOARD NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NOVEMBER, 2010 REPORT ON SUBSTANCE USE,ABUSE

  7. Considerations in the Development of a Research to Practice Curriculum for Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel L. Yalisove

    2005-01-01

    Most current substance abuse counselor certification education curricula do not include a systematic introduction to alcohol and substance abuse research. I believe that such an introduction would enhance counselor cooperation in research to practice efforts that are currently underway. In this paper I give a brief history of alcoholism and substance abuse counseling, and then review the education requirements for

  8. Substance abuse, adherence with antiretroviral therapy, and clinical outcomes among HIV-infected individuals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory M. Lucas

    2011-01-01

    Substance abuse and addiction are highly prevalent in HIV-infected individuals. Substance abuse is an important comorbidity that affects the delivery and outcomes of HIV medical management. In this paper I will review data examining the associations between substance abuse and HIV treatment and potential strategies to improve outcomes in this population that warrant further investigation. Current — but not past

  9. A Review of Recent Findings on Substance Abuse Treatment for Pregnant Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Embry M. Howell; Nancy Heiser; Mary Harrington

    1999-01-01

    Recent years have brought an increased interest in the treatment needs of pregnant substance abusers. This article reviews the literature on this subject, providing an overview of what is known about the prevalence of substance abuse during pregnancy; the factors in women’s lives, especially pregnant women, that lead to substance abuse and that facilitate and impede treatment success; and the

  10. Services for substance abuse-affected families: The project connect experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lenore J. Olsen

    1995-01-01

    With more families entering the child welfare system with problems of substance abuse, there is an increasing need for programs that can respond effectively to these families' needs. This article describes one community-based program designed to support and strengthen families with an identified problem of substance abuse. parents' progress in addressing their problems with substance abuse, reduction of risk in

  11. Economic costs of residential substance abuse treatment for pregnant and parenting women and their children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth Burgdorf; Mary Layne; Tracy Roberts; Dan Miles; James M. Herrell

    2004-01-01

    This paper provides basic information about the economic cost of substance abuse treatment provided in 39 demonstration projects funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, under its Residential Women and Children and Pregnant and Postpartum Women (RWC\\/PPW) programs. It integrates data assembled in two studies, a study of annual project

  12. Parental Substance Abuse and Child Well-BeingA Consideration of Parents' Gender and Coresidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia Osborne; Lawrence M. Berger

    2009-01-01

    Parental substance abuse is associated with adverse health and developmental outcomes for children. Existing research, however, has not fully explored the relative magnitude of the associations between maternal, paternal, and both parents' substance abuse and child outcomes, nor has it examined these associations in regard to substance abuse among nonresident fathers. We use data from the Fragile Families and Child

  13. Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Aged 12 to 14. The TEDS Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This report uses data from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) for 2008 to provide information on the characteristics of youths aged 12 to 14 admitted to substance abuse treatment. In 2008, approximately 23,770 substance abuse treatment admissions were adolescents aged 12 to 14. The two most frequently reported primary substances of abuse among…

  14. Parental Substance Abuse and Child Well-Being: A Consideration of Parents' Gender and Coresidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Cynthia; Berger, Lawrence M.

    2009-01-01

    Parental substance abuse is associated with adverse health and developmental outcomes for children. Existing research, however, has not fully explored the relative magnitude of the associations between maternal, paternal, and both parents' substance abuse and child outcomes, nor has it examined these associations in regard to substance abuse among…

  15. Perceived Self-Efficacy of Licensed Counselors to Provide Substance Abuse Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chandler, Nichelle; Balkin, Richard S.; Perepiczka, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    This nationwide, quantitative study documented licensed counselors' perceived self-efficacy of adequately providing substance abuse services. Despite their lack of substance abuse training, counselors were highly confident in their ability to provide quality substance abuse services. Counselor training implications are discussed. (Contains 3…

  16. 29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

  17. Job Title Substance Abuse Counselor Clinical Supervision (Corpus Christi, TX) Employer/ Agency Danya International, Inc.

    E-print Network

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    Job Title Substance Abuse Counselor Clinical Supervision (Corpus Christi, TX) Employer/ Agency Navy substance abuse counselors stationed in Corpus Christi, Texas. This is a part-time contract treatment. Seven years full-time direct counseling experience with substance abusers. Four years experience

  18. 29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

  19. Best Practices for Families with Children Who Experience Substance Abuse, Juvenile

    E-print Network

    McLendon, Tara; McLendon, Don; Petr, Chris; Radohl, Tami

    2007-03-01

    Best Practices Report # 19 Best Practices for Families with Children Who Experience Substance Abuse, Juvenile Delinquency, and Serious Emotional Disturbance Table of Contents Heading Page Executive Sumary 3... Family Therapy with Children Who Experience Substance Abuse, Juvenile Delinquency, and Serious Emotional Disturbance Executive Summary The needs of children who experience substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, and Serious Emotional...

  20. Substance Abuse Information State and federal law, as well as University policy, prohibit the

    E-print Network

    Substance Abuse Information State and federal law, as well as University policy, prohibit fines and prison sentences. Getting Help Substance abuse is harmful to your health, with effects ranging and alcohol is designed to address the University's concerns about substance abuse and to ensure

  1. 29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

  2. 29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

  3. The effect of alcohol and substance abuse on the course of bipolar affective disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jessica A. Feinman; David L. Dunner

    1996-01-01

    It has been found that > 60% of bipolar I and almost 50% of bipolar II patients have a history of substance abuse (Regier et al., 1990). While previous studies have examined comorbidity of bipolar disorder and substance abuse, little has been done to examine the effect of substance abuse on the course of bipolar disorder. There has also been

  4. 29 CFR 825.119 - Leave for treatment of substance abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Leave for treatment of substance abuse. 825.119 Section 825.119 Labor...Act § 825.119 Leave for treatment of substance abuse. (a) Substance abuse may be a serious health condition if the...

  5. UMBC SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY* UMBC Policy # III-5.00.04

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    UMBC SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY* UMBC Policy # III-5.00.04 I. PURPOSE It is the purpose of the UMBC Substance Abuse Policy to A. foster a safe and healthy campus environment in which students, faculty, and staff can live, work, and study free of the consequences associated with substance abuse B. inform

  6. Perceived Competence in Addressing Student Substance Abuse: A National Survey of Middle School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrow-Sanchez, Jason J.; Lopez, Adriana L.; Slagle, Clark P.

    2008-01-01

    Background: Student substance abuse is a serious concern for middle school personnel. School counselors are most likely to deliver mental health services, including substance abuse, in school settings. However, limited research is available on the perceived competence of middle school counselors for addressing student substance abuse concerns. The…

  7. Play Therapy and Art Therapy for Substance Abuse Clients Who Have a History of Incest Victimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Noreen M. Glover

    1999-01-01

    This article discusses the use of play therapy and art therapy treatment techniques for persons in substance abuse treatment who have a history of incest victimization. While substance abuse treatment focuses on substance abuse, neglecting to address issues related to past incest contact may increase the potential for relapse. This population displays unique characteristics that may prevent them from participating

  8. The Education of Iowa's Professionals in Substance Abuse by Pregnant Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Mary Alice; And Others

    1994-01-01

    This article reports on a survey of 115 schools of education and training for health professionals, inquiring into the recognition of substance abuse and substance abuse in pregnancy as a curriculum concern. Although most schools reported that substance abuse falls within their curricula, some respondents requested continuing education on the…

  9. Nutrition education is positively associated with substance abuse treatment program outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louise P. Grant; Betsy Haughton; Dileep S. Sachan

    2004-01-01

    The scope and types of nutrition services provided in substance abuse treatment programs has not been well defined nor has there been an attempt to determine if associations exist between the provision of nutrition services and substance abuse treatment outcomes. The objectives of this study were to assess the provision (use and extent) of nutrition education in substance abuse treatment

  10. Mothers in Substance Abuse Treatment: Differences in Characteristics Based on Involvement with Child Welfare Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grella, Christine E.; Hser, Yih-Ing; Huang; Yu-Chuang

    2006-01-01

    Problem: Greater awareness of the role of parental substance abuse in child maltreatment makes it imperative that the substance abuse treatment and child welfare systems coordinate services for these parents. Yet little is known about the characteristics of child-welfare involved parents (primarily mothers) who enter into substance abuse

  11. Defining engagement in adolescent substance abuse treatment.

    PubMed

    Pullmann, Michael D; Ague, Starcia; Johnson, Tamara; Lane, Stephanie; Beaver, Kevon; Jetton, Elizabeth; Rund, Evangejalynn

    2013-12-01

    Youth engagement in substance use treatment is an important construct for research and practice, but it has been thinly and inconsistently defined in the literature. Most research has measured engagement by initiation, attendance, and retention in treatment. Because youth generally enter substance use treatment as a result of compliance with external requirements, defining engagement in this way might be insufficient. This qualitative participatory research study describes five focus groups with 31 adults working with youth in substance use treatment. Focus groups were designed and conducted by youth researchers in collaboration with university-based partners. We categorized participants' descriptions of engagement into five domains, identified as "CARES": Conduct, Attitudes, Relationships, Empowerment, and Social Context. These domains represent a comprehensive and ecologically-based definition of engagement that situates engagement in the context and trajectory of youth development, has clear implications for assertive clinical practice, and provides a foundation for developing an operationalized measure. PMID:24046184

  12. Cultural Similarities and Differences Between a Sample of Black\\/African and Colored Women in South Africa: Convergence of Risk Related to Substance Use, Sexual Behavior, and Violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyla Marie Sawyer; Wendee M. Wechsberg; Bronwyn J. Myers

    2006-01-01

    South Africa is one of the six southern African countries where the HIV levels for childbearing women are 20% or higher. We conducted two focus groups aimed at developing an understanding of the intersections of substance abuse, sexual behavior, and violence affecting the lives of women of color in Cape Town, South Africa. Both Colored and Black\\/African participants reported using

  13. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Substance Abuse Patients: Relationship to 1Year Posttreatment Outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paige Crosby Ouimette; Courtney Ahrens; Rudolf H. Moos; John W. Finney

    1997-01-01

    Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse (SA–PTSD) diagnoses were compared with patients with only substance use diagnoses (SA only) and those with substance abuse and Axis I psychiatric diagnoses other than PTSD (SA–PSY) on outcomes 1 year after substance abuse treatment. At follow-up, patients with PTSD reported more problems that directly resulted from substance use, had more

  14. Domestic Violence. Technical Assistance Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Join Together, Boston, MA.

    Substance abuse has long been recognized as a precipitating factor in many domestic violence incidents. The main type of substance abuse is alcohol usage. Forty-six percent of the offenders reported being dependent on or abusing alcohol, while another 28% were found to be dependent on opiates, cocaine, marijuana, or inhalants. Nearly two-fifths of…

  15. Examining the relationship among substance abuse, negative emotionality and impulsivity across subtypes of antisocial and psychopathic substance abusers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melissa S. Magyar; John F. Edens; Scott O. Lilienfeld; Kevin S. Douglas; Norman G. Poythress Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Growing evidence suggests that individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) can be categorized into theoretically meaningful subtypes. This study builds on earlier cluster-analytic research (Poythress et al., 2010) that identified four subtypes of ASPD in a large sample of prison inmates and offenders ordered into mandatory substance abuse treatment. These four subtypes (primary, secondary, and “fearful” psychopathic and non-psychopathic ASPD)

  16. Substance abuse and schizophrenia: Pharmacotherapeutic intervention

    PubMed Central

    Green, Alan I.; Noordsy, Douglas L.; Brunette, Mary F.; O'Keefe, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Substance use disorder is common in patients with schizophrenia and dramatically worsens their outcome. The typical antipsychotic medications, introduced over 50 years ago, are effective for the treatment of psychosis but may have only limited efficacy in patients with these co-occurring disorders because patients continue to use substances while taking them. In preliminary studies, however, several of the atypical antipsychotic medications have shown promise for reducing alcohol and drug use in patients with schizophrenia. A neurobiologic formulation is discussed, suggesting that the use of substances in patients with schizophrenia may be based on a dysfunction within the dopamine-mediated brain reward circuitry, and that clozapine in particular, may potentially ameliorate this dysfunction and lessen the desire for substance use. Medications for the treatment of alcohol use disorders, such as disulfiram, naltrexone and acamprosate, as well as other adjunctive medications, may also be useful. Further studies are required to establish a solid evidence base of best practices for the use of medications in these patients. PMID:17574793

  17. Substance Abuse among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Shawna L. Carroll; Wu, Li-Tzy

    2012-01-01

    Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7-8 million people in the U.S. with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform…

  18. Medical Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Sakai, Joseph T.; Thurstone, Christian; Corley, Robin; Hopfer, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Objective To assess the prevalence and frequency of medical marijuana diversion and use among adolescents in substance abuse treatment and to identify factors related to their medical marijuana use. Method This study calculated the prevalence and frequency of diverted medical marijuana use among adolescents (N = 164), ages 14–18 (x? age = 16.09, SD = 1.12), in substance abuse treatment in the Denver metropolitan area. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were completed to determine factors related to adolescents' use of medical marijuana. Results Approximately 74% of the adolescents had used someone else's medical marijuana and they reported using diverted medical marijuana a median of 50 times. After adjusting for gender and race/ethnicity, adolescents who used medical marijuana had an earlier age of regular marijuana use, more marijuana abuse and dependence symptoms, and more conduct disorder symptoms compared to those who did not use medical marijuana. Conclusions Medical marijuana use among adolescent patients in substance abuse treatment is very common, implying substantial diversion from registered users. These results support the need for policy changes that protect against diversion of medical marijuana and reduce adolescent access to diverted medical marijuana. Future studies should examine patterns of medical marijuana diversion and use in general population adolescents. PMID:22721592

  19. Adolescent Onset of Maternal Substance Abuse: Descriptive Findings from a Feasibility Trial

    PubMed Central

    Saldana, Lisa; Smith, Dana K.; Weber, Elisa

    2013-01-01

    Although maternal substance abuse in child welfare populations is a well-documented occurrence, little is known about the onset of these behaviors or the substance abuse histories of these mothers. Descriptive data from a small feasibility trial of mothers referred for substance abuse and child neglect suggest adolescent onset of hard substance use. Age of onset was associated with family history of use. The majority of mothers reported polysubstance abuse starting at an early age and quickly escalating patterns of behavior including IV drug use. Implications for prevention efforts for children of families identified with substance abuse problems are discussed. PMID:23908582

  20. Potential therapeutic strategy to treat substance abuse related disorders.

    PubMed

    Chang, Sulie L

    2013-12-01

    The "Potential Therapeutic Strategy to Treat Substance Abuse Related Disorders" session was chaired by Dr. Sulie Chang, director of NeuroImmune Phamacology at Seton University. The four presenters (and their topics) were: Dr. Wen-zhe Ho (Miniway to stop HIV/HCV), Dr. Ru-Band Lu (Low dose of memantine in the treatment of opioid dependence in human), Dr. Ping Zhang (Treatment of alcohol-related disorders-Learning from stem/progenitor cell), and Chia-Hsiang Chen (Treatment of methamphetamine abuse: an antibody-based immunotherapy approach). PMID:25267886