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1

Vital Signs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity (on pages 16-23) lets learners measure each other's vital signsâthe signs that help doctors understand what's going on in a patient body. Learners measure human body temperature, respiration rate, and pulse, and compare them to vital signs of other mammals large and small, such as a cow and a rabbit. A "think it over" writing exercise finishes the activity.

Museum, University O.; Nebraska Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth Development

2002-01-01

2

Vital Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an excerpt from the first edition of Vital Signs, a Worldwide Institute publication that provides an annual update on global environmental trends. Includes discussion of the dismantling of nuclear arms, reduction in chlorofluorocarbon production, growth in bicycle production, the decline in cigarette smoking, and decline in military…

Brown, Lester R.

1993-01-01

3

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Adult Obesity Obesity Rises Among Adults August 2010 72M+ More than ... eating and active living. Issue Details Problem Adult Obesity Obesity is a national epidemic, causing higher medical ...

4

Sharing Vital Signs between mobile phone applications.  

PubMed

We propose a communication library, ShareVital-Signs, for the standardized exchange of vital sign information between health applications running on mobile platforms. The library allows an application to request one or multiple vital signs from independent measurement applications on the Android OS. Compatible measurement applications are automatically detected and can be launched from within the requesting application, simplifying the work flow for the user and reducing typing errors. Data is shared between applications using intents, a passive data structure available on Android OS. The library is accompanied by a test application which serves as a demonstrator. The secure exchange of vital sign information using a standardized library like ShareVitalSigns will facilitate the integration of measurement applications into diagnostic and other high level health monitoring applications and reduce errors due to manual entry of information. PMID:25570781

Karlen, Walter; Dumont, Guy A; Scheffer, Cornie

2014-08-01

5

CDC Vital Signs: HIV Among Youth in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs Secondhand Smoke About Vital Signs Vital Signs Social Media Other Vital Signs Issues Related Links Download this ... Index Policies Using this Site Link to Us Social Media Contact CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...

6

CDC Vital Signs: More People Walk to Better Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs Secondhand Smoke About Vital Signs Vital Signs Social Media Other Vital Signs Issues Related Links Download this ... Index Policies Using this Site Link to Us Social Media Contact CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...

7

CDC Vital Signs: Hospital Support for Breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Hospital Support for Breastfeeding Preventing obesity begins in hospitals August 2011 30% ... Details Problem Most hospitals do not fully support breastfeeding. Breastfeeding helps protect against childhood obesity and other ...

8

CDC Vital Signs: Alcohol Poisoning Deaths  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Alcohol Poisoning Deaths A deadly consequence of binge drinking ... drinking. Issue Details Problem There are 2,200 alcohol poisoning deaths in the US each year. Alcohol ...

9

CDC Vital Signs: Teen Drinking and Driving  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Teen Drinking and Driving A Dangerous Mix October 2012 ... Drinking and driving can be deadly, especially for teens Fewer teens are drinking and driving, but this ...

10

CDC Vital Signs: Preventing Repeat Teen Births  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Preventing Repeat Teen Births April 2013 1 in 5 Nearly 1 ... before age 20. Issue Details Problem Too many teens, ages 15–19, have repeat births. Nearly 1 ...

11

CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Making Health Care Safer Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now ... CRE infections on your state's Notifiable Diseases list. Health Care CEOs/Medical Officers can Require and strictly enforce ...

12

CDC Vital Signs: Alcohol Screening and Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Alcohol Screening and Counseling An effective but underused health service January 2014 ... about their drinking. 25% Alcohol screening and brief counseling can reduce the amount consumed on an occasion ...

13

Development of a remote vital signs sensor  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the work at Sandia National Laboratories to develop sensors that remotely detect unique life-form characteristics, such as breathing patterns or heartbeat patterns. This paper will address the Technical Support Working Group`s (TSWG) objective: to develop a remote vital signs detector which can be used to assess someone`s malevolent intent. The basic concept of operations for the projects, system development issues, and the preliminary results for a radar device currently in-house and the implications for implementation are described. A survey that identified the in-house technology currently being evaluated is reviewed, as well as ideas for other potential technologies to explore. A radar unit for breathing and heartbeat detection is being tested, and the applicability of infrared technology is being explored. The desire for rapid prototyping is driving the need for off-the-shelf technology. As a conclusion, current status and future directions of the effort are reviewed.

Ladd, M.D.; Pacheco, M.S.; Rivas, R.R.

1997-06-01

14

CDC Vital Signs: Prescription Painkiller Overdoses  

MedlinePLUS

... Vital Signs™, enter your email address. What's this? Contact Us: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd Atlanta, GA 30329- ... Using this Site Link to Us Social Media Contact CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30329- ...

15

Detecting Vital Signs with Wearable Wireless Sensors  

PubMed Central

The emergence of wireless technologies and advancements in on-body sensor design can enable change in the conventional health-care system, replacing it with wearable health-care systems, centred on the individual. Wearable monitoring systems can provide continuous physiological data, as well as better information regarding the general health of individuals. Thus, such vital-sign monitoring systems will reduce health-care costs by disease prevention and enhance the quality of life with disease management. In this paper, recent progress in non-invasive monitoring technologies for chronic disease management is reviewed. In particular, devices and techniques for monitoring blood pressure, blood glucose levels, cardiac activity and respiratory activity are discussed; in addition, on-body propagation issues for multiple sensors are presented. PMID:22163501

Yilmaz, Tuba; Foster, Robert; Hao, Yang

2010-01-01

16

CDC Vital Signs: Preventing Pregnancies in Younger Teens  

MedlinePLUS

... Vital Signs Share Compartir Preventing Pregnancies in Younger Teens April 2014 1 in 4 More than 1 ... including HIV/AIDS. Issue Details Problem Many younger teens give birth at ages 15 to 17. More ...

17

CDC Vital Signs: New Hope for Stopping HIV  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir New Hope for Stopping HIV Testing and Medical Care ... AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and early death. There's new hope today for stopping HIV in the US. ...

18

CDC Vital Signs: Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries: Costly but Preventable  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries Costly but Preventable October 2014 1M ... to prevent future crashes. Issue Details Problem Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury in ...

19

CDC Vital Signs: High Blood Pressure and Cholesterol  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir High Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Out of Control February 2011 39 ... http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/GISCVH2/ High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol Among US Adults SOURCES: National ...

20

CDC Vital Signs: Getting Blood Pressure under Control  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Getting Blood Pressure Under Control Many missed opportunities to prevent heart ... high blood pressure. Issue Details Problem Controlling blood pressure has to be a priority. Why is blood ...

21

Are vital signs indicative for bacteremia in newborns?  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: Neonatal systemic infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality both in industrialized and developing countries. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate if vital signs had a predictive power in neonatal sepsis as an early marker. Methods: This study was designed as a matched case-control study. Vital signs were monitorized prior to infection in newborns that had healthcare-associated blood stream infection (BSI). Maximum and minimum values of the vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and temperature) of the babies at rest were recorded from the nurse observation charts five days prior to clinical sepsis and compared with vital signs of healthy, age-matched babies. Results: Maximum mean heart rates, respiratory rates and systolic blood pressure levels of the patients in BSI group were significantly higher than the control group in the past three days prior to clinical deterioration. Conclusion: Monitoring vital signs closely might be helpful in a newborn infant to define a BSI. In future, a respiratory and blood pressure predictive monitoring system such as heart rate variability index may be developed for newborn patients with sepsis. PMID:25367556

Yap?c?o?lu, Hacer; Ozlü, Ferda; Sertdemir, Ya?ar

2014-12-01

22

[CW bio-radar vital sign detector and experiment study].  

PubMed

Non-contact vital sign detection technique provides an effective usage in health monitoring applications. A vital sign detector was designed based on microwave bio-radar technique. Using Doppler principle, continuous wave bioradar was designed for tiny body movement detection, short-time Fourier transform and interpolation algorithm were adopted for heart and respiration rate extraction, embedded system was used for system integration, real-time signal processing software was designed on it. Experiments were done by using simulation device and human body for research and performance evaluation. The result shows that the proposed prototype can be used for single target vital signs detection at the distance of 90 cm, and the heart rate result shows a 96% recognition rate. PMID:24941771

Hu, Wei; Wang, Yunfeng; Zhao, Zhangyan; Zhang, Haiying

2014-03-01

23

Vital Signs Monitoring during Injectable and Inhalant Anesthesia in Mice.  

PubMed

Selecting the appropriate anesthetic protocol for the individual animal is an essential part of laboratory animal experimentation. The present study compared the characteristics of four anesthetic protocols in mice, focusing on the vital signs. Thirty-two male ddY mice were divided into four groups and administered anesthesia as follows: pentobarbital sodium monoanaesthesia; combined ketamine and xylazine combined (K/X); medetomidine, midazolam, and butorphanol combined (M/M/B); and isoflurane. In each group, rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and O2 saturation (SPO2) were measured, and the changes over time and instability in these signs were compared. The anesthetic depth was also evaluated in each mouse, and the percentage of mice achieving surgical anesthesia was calculated. K/X anesthesia caused remarkable bradycardia, while the respiratory rate and SPO2 were higher than for the others, suggesting a relatively strong cardiac influence and less respiratory depression. The M/M/B group showed a relatively lower heart rate and SPO2, but these abnormalities were rapidly reversed by atipamezole administration. The pentobarbital group showed a lower SPO2, and 62.5% of mice did not reach a surgical anesthetic depth. The isoflurane group showed a marked decrease in respiratory rate compared with the injectable anesthetic groups. However, it had the most stable SPO2 among the groups, suggesting a higher tidal volume. The isoflurane group also showed the highest heart rate during anesthesia. In conclusion, the present study showed the cardiorespiratory characteristics of various anesthetic protocols, providing basic information for selecting an appropriate anesthetic for individual animals during experimentation. PMID:25312399

Tsukamoto, Atsushi; Serizawa, Kazuya; Sato, Reiichiro; Yamazaki, Jumpei; Inomata, Tomo

2014-10-10

24

Vital signs monitoring during injectable and inhalant anesthesia in mice  

PubMed Central

Selecting the appropriate anesthetic protocol for the individual animal is an essential part of laboratory animal experimentation. The present study compared the characteristics of four anesthetic protocols in mice, focusing on the vital signs. Thirty-two male ddY mice were divided into four groups and administered anesthesia as follows: pentobarbital sodium monoanaesthesia; ketamine and xylazine combined (K/X); medetomidine, midazolam, and butorphanol combined (M/M/B); and isoflurane. In each group, rectal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and O2 saturation (SPO2) were measured, and the changes over time and instability in these signs were compared. The anesthetic depth was also evaluated in each mouse, and the percentage of mice achieving surgical anesthesia was calculated. K/X anesthesia caused remarkable bradycardia, while the respiratory rate and SPO2 were higher than with the others, suggesting a relatively strong cardiac influence and less respiratory depression. The M/M/B group showed a relatively lower heart rate and SPO2, but these abnormalities were rapidly reversed by atipamezole administration. The pentobarbital group showed a lower SPO2, and 62.5% of mice did not reach a surgical anesthetic depth. The isoflurane group showed a marked decrease in respiratory rate compared with the injectable anesthetic groups. However, it had the most stable SPO2 among the groups, suggesting a higher tidal volume. The isoflurane group also showed the highest heart rate during anesthesia. In conclusion, the present study showed the cardiorespiratory characteristics of various anesthetic protocols, providing basic information for selecting an appropriate anesthetic for individual animals during experimentation.

Tsukamoto, Atsushi; Serizawa, Kazuya; Sato, Reiichiro; Yamazaki, Jumpei; Inomata, Tomo

2014-01-01

25

Vital signs monitoring and patient tracking over a wireless network.  

PubMed

Patients at a disaster scene can greatly benefit from technologies that continuously monitor their vital status and track their locations until they are admitted to the hospital. We have designed and developed a real-time patient monitoring system that integrates vital signs sensors, location sensors, ad-hoc networking, electronic patient records, and web portal technology to allow remote monitoring of patient status. This system shall facilitate communication between providers at the disaster scene, medical professionals at local hospitals, and specialists available for consultation from distant facilities. PMID:17282121

Gao, Tia; Greenspan, Dan; Welsh, Matt; Juang, Radford; Alm, Alex

2005-01-01

26

Vital Signs building work-up: The Museum of Anthropology  

SciTech Connect

The paper will present the structure and the results of an in depth study of the Museum of Anthropology, designed by Arthur Erickson Architects for the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and completed in 1976. Part of the Vital Signs Curriculum Project created by Cris Benton and administered through the University of California at Berkeley, this analytic project was designed and carried out by a faculty/student team in the Department of Architecture at the University of Washington. The significance of this study is the simultaneous presentation of qualitative and quantitative information about the thermal and luminous environment of this building.

Millet, M.S. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Architecture; Erwine, B. [Lighting Design Lab., Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-12-31

27

Extending role by Japanese pharmacists after training for performing vital signs monitoring  

PubMed Central

Background In Japan, the circumstances in which pharmacists work are changing. Pharmacists are expected to assess conditions of patients subject to medication to ensure proper use of pharmaceutical products. To ensure fulfilment of these roles, there have already been pharmacists’ efforts in performing vital signs monitoring. Objective To clarify the necessity and related issues, by investigating the state of vital sign monitoring in clinical field by pharmacists who have been trained in vital sign monitoring. Method A web survey was conducted from 4th October to 3rd December 2012, subjecting 1,026 pharmacists who completed the vital signs training hosted by The Japanese Association of Home Care Pharmacies (JAHCP). Survey items were 1) basic information of a respondent, 2) situation of homecare conducted by pharmacists, 3) seminar attendance status, and 4) vital signs monitoring status after the seminar. Results The number of valid respondents was 430 and the response rate was 41.9%. As a result of the present research, it was revealed that 168 pharmacists (41.4%), had the opportunity to perform vital signs monitoring. By conducting vital sign monitoring, effects such as 1) improved motivation of pharmacists and better communication with patients, 2) proper use of medication, and 3) cost reduction were confirmed. Conclusion Judging from the results of the survey, pharmacists can improve medication therapy for patients by attaining vital sign skills and conduct vital sign monitoring. Pharmacists who perform vital sign monitoring should share cases where they experienced positive patient outcomes. PMID:25243033

Hasegawa, Fujiko; Hazama, Kenji; Ikeda, Shunya; Takeda, Hiroshi

2014-01-01

28

Vital sign sensing method based on EMD in terahertz band  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-contact respiration and heartbeat rates detection could be applied to find survivors trapped in the disaster or the remote monitoring of the respiration and heartbeat of a patient. This study presents an improved algorithm that extracts the respiration and heartbeat rates of humans by utilizing the terahertz radar, which further lessens the effects of noise, suppresses the cross-term, and enhances the detection accuracy. A human target echo model for the terahertz radar is first presented. Combining the over-sampling method, low-pass filter, and Empirical Mode Decomposition improves the signal-to-noise ratio. The smoothed pseudo Wigner-Ville distribution time-frequency technique and the centroid of the spectrogram are used to estimate the instantaneous velocity of the target's cardiopulmonary motion. The down-sampling method is adopted to prevent serious distortion. Finally, a second time-frequency analysis is applied to the centroid curve to extract the respiration and heartbeat rates of the individual. Simulation results show that compared with the previously presented vital sign sensing method, the improved algorithm enhances the signal-to-noise ratio to 1 dB with a detection accuracy of 80%. The improved algorithm is an effective approach for the detection of respiration and heartbeat signal in a complicated environment.

Xu, Zhengwu; Liu, Tong

2014-12-01

29

CDC Vital Signs: Prescription Painkiller Overdoses in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... version SOURCES: National Vital Statistics System, 1999-2008; Automation of Reports and Consolidated Orders System (ARCOS) of ... 10,000 people (2010) Read text version SOURCE: Automation of Reports and Consolidated Orders System (ARCOS) of ...

30

CDC Vital Signs: Preventable Deaths from Heart Disease and Stroke  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs Share Compartir Preventable Deaths from Heart Disease & Stroke Improving care can save more lives September 2013 ... Details Problem Many deaths from heart disease and stroke can be prevented. What do we know about ...

31

CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer Antibiotic Rx in Hospitals  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Making Health Care Safer Antibiotic Rx in Hospitals: Proceed with Caution ... resistance and improving prescribing practices. Work with other health care facilities to prevent infections, transmission, and resistance. Issue ...

32

Monitors Track Vital Signs for Fitness and Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Have you ever felt nauseous reading a book in the back seat of a car? Or woken from a deep sleep feeling disoriented, unsure which way is up? Momentary mixups like these happen when the sensory systems that track the body's orientation in space become confused. (In the case of the backseat bookworm, the conflict arises when the reader s inner ear, part of the body s vestibular system, senses the car s motion while her eyes are fixed on the stationary pages of the book.) Conditions like motion sickness are common on Earth, but they also present a significant challenge to astronauts in space. Human sensory systems use the pull of gravity to help determine orientation. In the microgravity environment onboard the International Space Station, for example, the body experiences a period of confusion before it adapts to the new circumstances. (In space, even the body s proprioceptive system, which tells the brain where the arms and legs are oriented without the need for visual confirmation, goes haywire, meaning astronauts sometimes lose track of where their limbs are when they are not moving them.) This Space Adaptation Syndrome affects a majority of astronauts, even experienced ones, causing everything from mild disorientation to nausea to severe vomiting. "It can be quite debilitating," says William Toscano, a research scientist in NASA s Ames Research Center Psychophysiology Laboratory, part of the Center s Human Systems Integration Division. "When this happens, as you can imagine, work proficiency declines considerably." Since astronauts cannot afford to be distracted or incapacitated during critical missions, NASA has explored various means for preventing and countering motion sickness in space, including a range of drug treatments. Many effective motion sickness drugs, however, cause undesirable side effects, such as drowsiness. Toscano and his NASA colleague, Patricia Cowings, have developed a different approach: Utilizing biofeedback training methods, the pair can teach astronauts, military pilots, and others susceptible to motion sickness to self-regulate their own physiological responses and suppress the unpleasant symptoms. This NASA-patented method invented by Cowings is called the Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (ATFE), and several studies have demonstrated its promise

2012-01-01

33

Robust overnight monitoring of human vital signs by a non-contact respiration and heartbeat detector.  

PubMed

A positive answer is given to the question intrigued by our previous work reported in EMBC 2005: whether it is possible for a non-contact physiological movement detector to detect vital signs from four sides of a human body. In addition to the proof from measured data, theoretical analysis confirms the surprising advantage of detection from the back of the body. Based on this observation, a non-contact system was set up to perform overnight monitoring of vital signs using low power radio waves. Measurement data is presented and analyzed. The challenges and key technologies that improved the performance of our system for overnight monitoring are discussed. PMID:17946100

Li, Changzhi; Lin, Jenshan; Xiao, Yanming

2006-01-01

34

Assessment of cognitive performance using CNS vital signs after electroconvulsive treatment of schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Little is known how electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) affects cognitive functions in subjects with schizophrenia. Assessment of cognitive functions in subjects with schizophrenia treated with ECT was performed using CNS Vital Signs computerized battery of tests. Thirteen patients treated with ECT plus antipsychotics were assessed before and after 12 to 15 bilateral ECT sessions. We did not find any important changes between pre-ECT and post-ECT cognitive performance. We also found that CNS Vital Signs is a useful computerized battery test for assessing cognitive functions of subjects treated with ECT. PMID:24080543

Wysoki?ski, Adam; Dzienniak, Ma?gorzata; K?oszewska, Iwona

2014-03-01

35

Clinical Implementation of a Head-Mounted Display of Patient Vital Signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Head-mounted displays (HMDs) can superimpose a patient's vital signs over the anesthesiologist's field of view in the operating room. Prior simulator-based studies have found that anesthesiologists wearing an HMD spend more time looking towards the patient and less time looking towards the monitors compared to standard monitoring. We review potential approaches for interfacing an HMD with clinical monitoring equipment at

David Liu; Simon A Jenkins; Penelope M Sanderson

2009-01-01

36

Estimation of confidence levels for physiology variables measured by a vital signs detection system  

E-print Network

, 21702 b U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts, 01760 ABSTRACT,2 The Vital Signs Detection System (VSDS) tested by the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine qualification algorithm, including data pre- processing, estimation of representative values, feature extraction

37

The Sixth Vital Sign Fna Forms New Committee To Tackle Low Health Literacy  

E-print Network

The Sixth Vital Sign Fna Forms New Committee To Tackle Low Health Literacy Nearly half of all rate of health literacy in the U.S. is cause for concern for leaders of the Florida Nurses Association. In an effort to make headway on this complex issue, the FNA has formed a new Health Literacy Committee

Belogay, Eugene A.

38

Displaying computerized ECG recordings and vital signs on Windows Phone 7 smartphones  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the Windows Phone 7 Microsoft will release a new mobile operating system this fall. By displaying ECG recordings and vital signs on this new platform it could be shown that devices with the new mobile operating system can be used as mobile monitoring units. Due to their multiple wireless communication capabilities they can be useful for the mobile transmission

Stefan Klug; Kai Krupka; Hartmut Dickhaus; Hugo A Katus; Thomas Hilbel

2010-01-01

39

dartmed.dartmouth.edu | Dartmouth Medicine 17Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

-vessel plaques, which are the cause of heart attack and stroke. Our mouse studies indicate that HSAT+ protectsdartmed.dartmouth.edu | Dartmouth Medicine 17Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS National Public Radio. "I think is director of the Heart and Vascular Research CenteratDartmouth. His lab studies the role of a specific type

Myers, Lawrence C.

40

When and how do GPs record vital signs in children with acute infections? A cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background NICE recommendations and evidence from ambulatory settings promotes the use of vital signs in identifying serious infections in children. This appears to differ from usual clinical practice where GPs report measuring vital signs infrequently. Aim To identify frequency of vital sign documentation by GPs, in the assessment of children with acute infections in primary care. Design and setting Observational study in 15 general practice surgeries in Oxfordshire and Somerset, UK. Method A standardised proforma was used to extract consultation details including documentation of numerical vital signs, and words or phrases used by the GP in assessing vital signs, for 850 children aged 1 month to 16 years presenting with acute infection. Results Of the children presenting with acute infections 31.6% had one or more numerical vital signs recorded (269, 31.6%), however GP recording rate improved if free text proxies were also considered: at least one vital sign was then recorded in over half (54.1%) of children. In those with recorded numerical values for vital signs, the most frequent was temperature (210, 24.7%), followed by heart rate (62, 7.3%), respiratory rate (58, 6.8%), and capillary refill time (36, 4.2%). Words or phrases for vital signs were documented infrequently (temperature 17.6%, respiratory rate 14.6%, capillary refill time 12.5%, and heart rate 0.5%), Text relating to global assessment was documented in 313/850 (36.8%) of consultations. Conclusion GPs record vital signs using words and phrases as well as numerical methods, although overall documentation of vital signs is infrequent in children presenting with acute infections. PMID:23265227

Blacklock, Claire; Haj-Hassan, Tanya Ali; Thompson, Matthew J

2012-01-01

41

Does Size and Location of the Vital Signs Monitor Matter? A Study of Two Trauma Centers  

PubMed Central

We report the results of an observational study in which we compared how the size and location of the vital signs monitor impact teamwork at two trauma centers. Our observations focused on three factors: information exchange, situational awareness, and ergonomic issues. We found that the smaller display was difficult to view and required more team communication and workarounds, such as periodic verbal reports. The larger and closer display, although accessible to more team members, did not uniformly improve team’s situational awareness because vital signals were not verbalized and the monitor was often ignored. We suggest introducing multiple larger and closer displays, while keeping the practice of periodic verbal reporting. PMID:21347070

Sarcevic, Aleksandra; Marsic, Ivan; Burd, Randall S.

2010-01-01

42

Ebola Triage Screening and Public Health: The New "Vital Sign Zero"  

PubMed

During public health emergencies of international concern such as the 2014 Ebola event, health care leaders need to educate clinicians on the front lines to make uncomfortable, but real triage decisions that focus on optimization of population health outcomes over individual care. Health care workers must consider their own protection first before direct contact with potentially contagious patients. In an era of globalization and emerging infectious disease, routine triage including evaluation of the standard vital signs must shift to include public health considerations with immediate consequences. A new "vital sign zero" should be taken at the time of initial patient evaluation to assess for risk and exposure to potentially contagious infectious diseases. PMID:25351634

Koenig, Kristi L

2014-10-29

43

Whole body massage for reducing anxiety and stabilizing vital signs of patients in cardiac care unit  

PubMed Central

Background: Patients admitted in coronary care units face various stressors. Ambiguity of future life conditions and unawareness of caring methods intensifies the patients’ anxiety and stress. This study was conducted to assess the effects of whole body massage on anxiety and vital signs of patients with acute coronary disorders. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 120 patients. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group received a session of whole body massage and the control group received routine care. The levels of State, Trait and overall anxiety and vital signs were assessed in both groups before and after intervention. Independent sample t-test, paired t-test, Chi-square and Fischer exact tests were used for data analysis. Results: The baseline overall mean score of anxiety was 79.43±29.34 in the intervention group and was decreased to 50.38±20.35 after massage therapy (p=0.001). However, no significant changes were occurred in the overall mean anxiety in the control group during the study. The baseline diastolic blood pressure was 77.05±8.12 mmHg and was decreased to 72.18±9.19 mmHg after the intervention (p=0.004). Also, significant decreases were occurred in heart rate and respiration rate of intervention group after massage therapy (p=0.001). However, no significant changes were occurred in vital signs of the control group during the study. Conclusion: The results suggest that whole body massage was effective in reducing anxiety and stabilizing vital signs of patients with acute coronary disorders. PMID:25405113

Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Abasi, Ali; Rajabi-Beheshtabad, Rahman

2014-01-01

44

Home telemonitoring of vital signs-technical challenges and future directions.  

PubMed

The telemonitoring of vital signs from the home is an essential element of telehealth services for the management of patients with chronic conditions, such as congestive heart failure (CHF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes, or poorly controlled hypertension. Telehealth is now being deployed widely in both rural and urban settings, and in this paper, we discuss the contribution made by biomedical instrumentation, user interfaces, and automated risk stratification algorithms in developing a clinical diagnostic quality longitudinal health record at home. We identify technical challenges in the acquisition of high-quality biometric signals from unsupervised patients at home, identify new technical solutions and user interfaces, and propose new measurement modalities and signal processing techniques for increasing the quality and value of vital signs monitoring at home. We also discuss use of vital signs data for the automated risk stratification of patients, so that clinical resources can be targeted to those most at risk of unscheduled admission to hospital. New research is also proposed to integrate primary care, hospital, personal genomic, and telehealth electronic health records, and apply predictive analytics and data mining for enhancing clinical decision support. PMID:25163076

Celler, Branko G; Sparks, Ross S

2015-01-01

45

Embedded validity indicators on CNS vital signs in youth with neurological diagnoses.  

PubMed

Computerized screening measures can provide valuable information on cognition. However, determining the validity of obtained data is critical for interpretation. The purpose of this study was to examine the embedded validity indicators on the CNS Vital Signs battery in a sample of youth with neurological diagnoses. The sample included 275 children and adolescents (mean = 13.9, SD = 3.0) with neurological disorders. Six out of seven subtests and six of the nine domain scores on CNS Vital Signs had fewer than 5% of the sample flagged as invalid on the embedded indicators. However, the Shifting Attention Test and its derived domain scores had higher rates of being flagged. Patients with one or more flagged scores (18% of sample) were younger and had lower intellectual abilities, psychomotor speed, verbal memory, and performance on other validity tests. Compared to stand-alone validity tests, CNS Vital Signs embedded validity indicators had low sensitivity. More research is needed with the embedded indicators in youth. PMID:25034266

Brooks, Brian L; Sherman, Elisabeth M S; Iverson, Grant L

2014-08-01

46

Non-contact, Wavelet-based Measurement of Vital Signs using Thermal Imaging S. Yu. Chekmenev, H. Rara, and Aly A. Farag  

E-print Network

. Rara, and Aly A. Farag Computer Vision and Image Processing Laboratory University of Louisville In this paper we evaluate the potential of using non intrusive remote passive thermal imaging for measurements, physiological variables, intent identification. 1. Introduction Vital signs are physical signals that indicate

Farag, Aly A.

47

Continuous remote vital sign/environment monitoring for returning soldier adjustment assessment.  

PubMed

A three-stage study to develop and test an unobtrusive room sensor unit and subject data management system to discover correlation between sensor-based time-series measurements of sleep quality and clinical assessments of combat veterans suffering from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), is described. Experiments and results for testing sensitivity and robustness of the sensor unit and data management protocol are provided. The current sensitivity of remote vital sign monitoring system is below 20% and 10% for respiration and heart rates, respectively. PMID:22254780

Genc, S; Cleary, D J; Yardibi, T; Wood, J C; Stachura, M E; Astapova, E V

2011-01-01

48

Vital signs in intensive care: automatic acquisition and consolidation into electronic patient records.  

PubMed

The integration of computer systems into clinical practice is a consequence of the growing sophistication of medical machinery. The fact that patient management in large institutions is handled by complex information systems brings about the need for integration between applications on both sides. The paper describes a prototype for automatic data collection from intensive care devices developed at Pedro Hispano Hospital in Portugal. The system acts as an application gateway between the network of patient monitoring devices and the general-purpose hospital network. The conformance to medical standards is one of the main concerns. The international standard Health Level 7 (HL7) has been adopted to import vital signs, as well as to prepare data for visualization in departmental applications and to organize archives. The design has followed the administrative and clinical processes in the hospital closely, leading to a successful interaction with the health professionals. Automatic acquisition eliminates transcription errors, improves the quality of records and allows the assembly of large electronic archives of vital sign data. The concern with data archiving in standard formats opens many possibilities for further analysis of the collected data sets. The possibility of communicating via the HL7 standard makes the whole system easily interoperable with applications in related domains. PMID:19238896

Fonseca, Telmo; Ribeiro, Cristina; Granja, Cristina

2009-02-01

49

Development of a baby friendly non-contact method for measuring vital signs: First results of clinical measurements in an open incubator at a neonatal intensive care unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For infants and neonates in an incubator vital signs, such as heart rate, breathing, skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation are measured by sensors and electrodes sticking to the skin. This can damage the vulnerable skin of neonates and cause infections. In addition, the wires interfere with the care and hinder the parents in holding and touching the baby. These problems initiated the search for baby friendly 'non-contact' measurement of vital signs. Using a sensitive color video camera and specially developed software, the heart rate was derived from subtle repetitive color changes. Potentially also respiration and oxygen saturation could be obtained. A thermal camera was used to monitor the temperature distribution of the whole body and detect small temperature variations around the nose revealing the respiration rate. After testing in the laboratory, seven babies were monitored (with parental consent) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) simultaneously with the regular monitoring equipment. From the color video recordings accurate heart rates could be derived and the thermal images provided accurate respiration rates. To correct for the movements of the baby, tracking software could be applied. At present, the image processing was performed off-line. Using narrow band light sources also non-contact blood oxygen saturation could be measured. Non-contact monitoring of vital signs has proven to be feasible and can be developed into a real time system. Besides the application on the NICU non-contact vital function monitoring has large potential for other patient groups.

Klaessens, John H.; van den Born, Marlies; van der Veen, Albert; Sikkens-van de Kraats, Janine; van den Dungen, Frank A.; Verdaasdonk, Rudolf M.

2014-02-01

50

Ontology-Driven Monitoring of Patient's Vital Signs Enabling Personalized Medical Detection and Alert  

PubMed Central

A major challenge related to caring for patients with chronic conditions is the early detection of exacerbations of the disease. Medical personnel should be contacted immediately in order to intervene in time before an acute state is reached, ensuring patient safety. This paper proposes an approach to an ambient intelligence (AmI) framework supporting real-time remote monitoring of patients diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF). Its novelty is the integration of: (i) personalized monitoring of the patients health status and risk stage; (ii) intelligent alerting of the dedicated physician through the construction of medical workflows on-the-fly; and (iii) dynamic adaptation of the vital signs’ monitoring environment on any available device or smart phone located in close proximity to the physician depending on new medical measurements, additional disease specifications or the failure of the infrastructure. The intelligence lies in the adoption of semantics providing for a personalized and automated emergency alerting that smoothly interacts with the physician, regardless of his location, ensuring timely intervention during an emergency. It is evaluated on a medical emergency scenario, where in the case of exceeded patient thresholds, medical personnel are localized and contacted, presenting ad hoc information on the patient's condition on the most suited device within the physician's reach. PMID:24445411

Hristoskova, Anna; Sakkalis, Vangelis; Zacharioudakis, Giorgos; Tsiknakis, Manolis; De Turck, Filip

2014-01-01

51

Logistic Regression Function for Detection of Suspicious Performance During Baseline Evaluations Using Concussion Vital Signs.  

PubMed

This study utilized logistic regression to determine whether performance patterns on Concussion Vital Signs (CVS) could differentiate known groups with either genuine or feigned performance. For the embedded measure development group (n = 174), clinical patients and undergraduate students categorized as feigning obtained significantly lower scores on the overall test battery mean for the CVS, Shipley-2 composite score, and California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition subtests than did genuinely performing individuals. The final full model of 3 predictor variables (Verbal Memory immediate hits, Verbal Memory immediate correct passes, and Stroop Test complex reaction time correct) was significant and correctly classified individuals in their known group 83% of the time (sensitivity = .65; specificity = .97) in a mixed sample of young-adult clinical cases and simulators. The CVS logistic regression function was applied to a separate undergraduate college group (n = 378) that was asked to perform genuinely and identified 5% as having possibly feigned performance indicating a low false-positive rate. The failure rate was 11% and 16% at baseline cognitive testing in samples of high school and college athletes, respectively. These findings have particular relevance given the increasing use of computerized test batteries for baseline cognitive testing and return-to-play decisions after concussion. PMID:25371976

Hill, Benjamin David; Womble, Melissa N; Rohling, Martin L

2014-11-01

52

A W-Band MMIC Radar System for Remote Detection of Vital Signs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In medical and personal health systems for vital sign monitoring, contact-free remote detection is favourable compared to wired solutions. For example, they help to avoid severe pain, which is involved when a patient with burned skin has to be examined. Continuous wave (CW) radar systems have proven to be good candidates for this purpose. In this paper a monolithic millimetre-wave integrated circuit (MMIC) based CW radar system operating in the W-band (75-110 GHz) at 96 GHz is presented. The MMIC components are custom-built and make use of 100 nm metamorphic high electron mobility transistors (mHEMTs). The radar system is employing a frequency multiplier-by-twelve MMIC and a receiver MMIC both packaged in split-block modules. They allow for the determination of respiration and heartbeat frequency of a human target sitting in 1 m distance. The analysis of the measured data is carried out in time and frequency domain and each approach is shown to have its advantages and drawbacks.

Diebold, Sebastian; Ayhan, Serdal; Scherr, Steffen; Massler, Hermann; Tessmann, Axel; Leuther, Arnulf; Ambacher, Oliver; Zwick, Thomas; Kallfass, Ingmar

2012-12-01

53

Minimal gender differences on the CNS vital signs computerized neurocognitive battery.  

PubMed

Normative test scores often are corrected for demographic variables that can have an impact on neurocognitive abilities (e.g., gender, age, education, and ethnicity). The purpose of this study is to determine whether there are gender differences on the CNS Vital Signs computerized neurocognitive test battery. Participants, selected from a large normative database, were 100 healthy adults aged 18 to 68 years old (M(age) = 35.8 years, SD = 13.6) with 15.5 years of education (SD = 2.2). Men (n = 50) and women (n = 50) were individually and precisely matched on age, education, ethnicity, computer use, occupation, and handedness. This battery of seven tests yields 23 test scores, 5 domain scores (Memory, Psychomotor Speed, Reaction Time, Complex Attention, and Cognitive Flexibility), and a total score. Men had significantly better scores than did women on the Finger-Tapping Test for the right hand (p = .006, Cohen's d = 0.57). No other scores were significantly different, although there were small-medium effect sizes in favor of women on Symbol-Digit Coding (d = .39) and Verbal Memory (d = .37). The trends toward gender differences in word-list recognition memory and processing speed are consistent with the literature, but because they were nonsignificant and the effect sizes were modest, the clinician likely does not need to factor this into test interpretation. PMID:24826494

Iverson, Grant L; Brooks, Brian L; Ashton Rennison, V Lynn

2014-01-01

54

Integration of CEN\\/TC251\\/PT5-021 “VITAL” preENV standard and of “DICOM supplement 30.0” into a telemedicine system for vital signs monitoring from home  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the applicability of two `standards' addressing the robust interchange of waveform and related medical data, namely of the CEN\\/TC251\\/PT5-021 Vital Signs Information Representation (VITAL) preENV standard and the DICOM Supplement 30.0, in the context of a telemedicine application for the vital signs monitoring from their home of patients needing after-hospitalization attendance. This paper presents an object-oriented design

A. Anagnostaki; E. Kyriacou; M. Reynolds; S. Pavlopoulos; D. Koutsouris

2000-01-01

55

Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Newest Vital Sign: a preliminary study.  

PubMed

Health literacy (HL) refers to the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services, and is thus needed to make appropriate health decisions. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) is comprised of 6 questions about an ice cream nutrition label and assesses HL numeracy skills. We developed a Japanese version of the NVS (NVS-J) and evaluated the validity and reliability of the NVS-J in patients with chronic pain. The translation of the original NVS into Japanese was achieved as per the published guidelines. An observational study was subsequently performed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the NVS-J in 43 Japanese patients suffering from chronic pain. Factor analysis with promax rotation, using the Kaiser criterion (eigenvalues ?1.0), and a scree plot revealed that the main component of the NVS-J consists of three determinative factors, and each factor consists of two NVS-J items. The criterion-related validity of the total NVS-J score was significantly correlated with the total score of Ishikawa et al.'s self-rated HL Questionnaire, the clinical global assessment of comprehensive HL level, cognitive function, and the Brinkman index. In addition, Cronbach's coefficient for the total score of the NVS-J was adequate (alpha?=?0.72). This study demonstrated that the NVS-J has good validity and reliability. Further, the NVS-J consists of three determinative factors: "basic numeracy ability," "complex numeracy ability," and "serious-minded ability." These three HL abilities comprise a 3-step hierarchical structure. Adequate HL should be promoted in chronic pain patients to enable coping, improve functioning, and increase activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QOL). PMID:24762459

Kogure, Takamichi; Sumitani, Masahiko; Suka, Machi; Ishikawa, Hirono; Odajima, Takeshi; Igarashi, Ataru; Kusama, Makiko; Okamoto, Masako; Sugimori, Hiroki; Kawahara, Kazuo

2014-01-01

56

Validity and Reliability of the Japanese Version of the Newest Vital Sign: A Preliminary Study  

PubMed Central

Health literacy (HL) refers to the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services, and is thus needed to make appropriate health decisions. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) is comprised of 6 questions about an ice cream nutrition label and assesses HL numeracy skills. We developed a Japanese version of the NVS (NVS-J) and evaluated the validity and reliability of the NVS-J in patients with chronic pain. The translation of the original NVS into Japanese was achieved as per the published guidelines. An observational study was subsequently performed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the NVS-J in 43 Japanese patients suffering from chronic pain. Factor analysis with promax rotation, using the Kaiser criterion (eigenvalues ?1.0), and a scree plot revealed that the main component of the NVS-J consists of three determinative factors, and each factor consists of two NVS-J items. The criterion-related validity of the total NVS-J score was significantly correlated with the total score of Ishikawa et al.'s self-rated HL Questionnaire, the clinical global assessment of comprehensive HL level, cognitive function, and the Brinkman index. In addition, Cronbach's coefficient for the total score of the NVS-J was adequate (alpha?=?0.72). This study demonstrated that the NVS-J has good validity and reliability. Further, the NVS-J consists of three determinative factors: “basic numeracy ability,” “complex numeracy ability,” and “serious-minded ability.” These three HL abilities comprise a 3-step hierarchical structure. Adequate HL should be promoted in chronic pain patients to enable coping, improve functioning, and increase activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QOL). PMID:24762459

Kogure, Takamichi; Sumitani, Masahiko; Suka, Machi; Ishikawa, Hirono; Odajima, Takeshi; Igarashi, Ataru; Kusama, Makiko; Okamoto, Masako; Sugimori, Hiroki; Kawahara, Kazuo

2014-01-01

57

Permutation entropy analysis of vital signs data for outcome prediction of patients with severe traumatic brain injury.  

PubMed

Permutation entropy is computationally efficient, robust to outliers, and effective to measure complexity of time series. We used this technique to quantify the complexity of continuous vital signs recorded from patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Using permutation entropy calculated from early vital signs (initial 10-20% of patient hospital stay time), we built classifiers to predict in-hospital mortality and mobility, measured by 3-month Extended Glasgow Outcome Score (GOSE). Sixty patients with severe TBI produced a skewed dataset that we evaluated for accuracy, sensitivity and specificity. The overall prediction accuracy achieved 91.67% for mortality, and 76.67% for 3-month GOSE in testing datasets, using the leave-one-out cross validation. We also applied Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis to compare classifiers built from different learning methods. Those results support the applicability of permutation entropy in analyzing the dynamic behavior of TBI vital signs for early prediction of mortality and long-term patient outcomes. PMID:25464358

Kalpakis, Konstantinos; Yang, Shiming; Hu, Peter F; Mackenzie, Colin F; Stansbury, Lynn G; Stein, Deborah M; Scalea, Thomas M

2015-01-01

58

A New Paradigm of Technology-Enabled 'Vital Signs' for Early Detection of Health Change for Older Adults.  

PubMed

Environmentally embedded (nonwearable) sensor technology is in continuous use in elder housing to monitor a new set of 'vital signs' that continuously measure the functional status of older adults, detect potential changes in health or functional status, and alert healthcare providers for early recognition and treatment of those changes. Older adult participants' respiration, pulse, and restlessness are monitored as they sleep. Gait speed, stride length, and stride time are calculated daily, and automatically assess for increasing fall risk. Activity levels are summarized and graphically displayed for easy interpretation. Falls are detected when they occur and alerts are sent immediately to healthcare providers, so time to rescue may be reduced. Automated health alerts are sent to healthcare staff, based on continuously running algorithms applied to the sensor data, days and weeks before typical signs or symptoms are detected by the person, family members, or healthcare providers. Discovering these new functional status 'vital signs', developing automated methods for interpreting them, and alerting others when changes occur have the potential to transform chronic illness management and facilitate aging in place through the end of life. Key findings of research in progress at the University of Missouri are discussed in this viewpoint article, as well as obstacles to widespread adoption. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25428525

Rantz, Marilyn J; Skubic, Marjorie; Popescu, Mihail; Galambos, Colleen; Koopman, Richelle J; Alexander, Gregory L; Phillips, Lorraine J; Musterman, Katy; Back, Jessica; Miller, Steven J

2014-11-26

59

20 CFR 220.113 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...mental impairment(s). (b) Signs are anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which can be observed...evaluated. (c) Laboratory findings are anatomical, physiological, or psychological phenomena which can be shown by the...

2011-04-01

60

ER 101: Vital Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... able to do so. Some glass thermometers contain mercury (the silver-colored liquid in the thermometer), which ... to humans and the environment. Glass thermometers containing mercury are no longer recommended. According to The Environmental ...

61

Education Vital Signs 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lawrence Hardy's lead article details a year of diminished expectations, highlighting teacher shortages, failing teacher competency scores, 12th graders' dismal TIMSS scores, affirmative-action setbacks, and Milwaukee voucher triumphs. Kevin Bushweller probes school violence issues. Others discuss leadership trends, school-success indicators, and…

American School Board Journal, 1998

1998-01-01

62

Microwave stethoscope: development and benchmarking of a vital signs sensor using computer-controlled phantoms and human studies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a new microwave-based method and associated measurement system for monitoring multiple vital signs (VS) as well as the changes in lung water content. The measurement procedure utilizes a single microwave sensor for reflection coefficient measurements, hence the name "microwave stethoscope (MiSt)," as opposed to the two-sensor transmission method previously proposed by the authors. To compensate for the reduced sensitivity due to reflection coefficient measurements, an improved microwave sensor design with enhanced matching to the skin and broadband operation, as well as an advanced digital signal processing algorithm are used in developing the MiSt. Results from phantom experiments and human clinical trials are described. The results clearly demonstrate that MiSt provides reliable monitoring of multiple VS such as the respiration rate, heart rate, and the changes in lung water content through a single microwave measurement. In addition, information such as heart waveforms that correlates well with electrocardiogram is observed from these microwave measurements. Details of the broadband sensor design, experimental procedure, DSP algorithms used for VS extraction, and obtained results are presented and discussed. PMID:23358946

Celik, Nuri; Gagarin, Ruthsenne; Huang, Gui Chao; Iskander, Magdy F; Berg, Benjamin W

2014-08-01

63

ISBN:0-86341-520-2 2005 IEE 141 CIMED2005 Proceedings WIRELESS PERSONAL MONITORING OF PATIENT MOVEMENT AND VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

MOVEMENT AND VITAL SIGNS J. Boyle T. Wark M. Karunanithi e-Health Research Centre, Australia ABSTRACT We of a specialist geriatrician. The trial is managed and sponsored by the e-Health Research Centre (http pressure, hence resulting in orthostatic or cardiac arrhythmia syncope. The previous arrangement

Chen, Zhuo

64

Record Review to Explore the Adequacy of Post-Operative Vital Signs Monitoring Using a Local Modified Early Warning Score (Mews) Chart to Evaluate Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objectives 1) To explore the adequacy of: vital signs’ recordings (respiratory and heart rate, oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure (BP), temperature, level of consciousness and urine output) in the first 8 post-operative hours; responses to clinical deterioration. 2) To identify factors associated with death on the ward between transfer from the theatre recovery suite and the seventh day after operation. Design Retrospective review of records of 11 patients who died plus four controls for each case. Participants We reviewed clinical records of 55 patients who met inclusion criteria (general anaesthetic, age >13, complete records) from six surgical wards in a teaching hospital between 1 May and 31 July 2009. Methods In the absence of guidelines for routine post-operative vital signs’ monitoring, nurses’ standard practice graphical plots of recordings were recoded into MEWS formats (0?=?normal, 1–3 upper or lower limit) and their responses to clinical deterioration were interpreted using MEWS reporting algorithms. Results No patients’ records contained recordings for all seven parameters displayed on the MEWS. There was no evidence of response to: 22/36 (61.1%) abnormal vital signs for patients who died that would have triggered an escalated MEWS reporting algorithm; 81/87 (93.1%) for controls. Death was associated with age, ?61 years (OR 14.2, 3.0–68.0); ?2 pre-existing co-morbidities (OR 75.3, 3.7–1527.4); high/low systolic BP on admission (OR 7.2, 1.5–34.2); tachycardia (?111–129 bpm) (OR 6.6, 1.4–30.0) and low systolic BP (?81–100 mmHg), as defined by the MEWS (OR 8.0, 1.9–33.1). Conclusions Guidelines for post-operative vital signs’ monitoring and reporting need to be established. The MEWS provides a useful scoring system for interpreting clinical deterioration and guiding intervention. Exploration of the ability of the Cape Town MEWS chart plus reporting algorithm to expedite recognition of signs of clinical and physiological deterioration and securing more skilled assistance is essential. PMID:24498075

Kyriacos, Una; Jelsma, Jennifer; Jordan, Sue

2014-01-01

65

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2011-04-01

66

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2011-04-01

67

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2012-04-01

68

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2014-04-01

69

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2010-04-01

70

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2010-04-01

71

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2012-04-01

72

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2013-04-01

73

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2013-04-01

74

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described and evaluated. (c) Laboratory...

2014-04-01

75

CDC Vital Signs: Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Americans. Investing in the use of electronic health records and case management services in federally-funded health clinics so women get the timely followup care. For example, over $80 million were invested to help ... records (EHR) and other health information technology (HIT) system. ...

76

Aging changes in vital signs  

MedlinePLUS

... Normal body temperature does not change much with aging. But as you get older, it becomes harder ... to wear layers of clothing to feel warm. Aging decreases your ability to sweat. You may have ...

77

CDC Vital Signs: Child Injury  

MedlinePLUS

... Issue Details Injuries are the #1 cause of death among children. Car crashes, suffocation, drowning, poisoning, fires, and falls are some of the most common causes of injury. Learn how you can help save lives and prevent these injuries. View larger image and text. What Can Be Done States and ...

78

Estuarine water quality in parks of the Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network: Development and early implementation of vital signs estuarine nutrient-enrichment monitoring, 2003-06  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report documents results of pilot tests of a protocol for monitoring estuarine nutrient enrichment for the Vital Signs Monitoring Program of the National Park Service Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network. Data collected from four parks during protocol development in 2003-06 are presented: Gateway National Recreation Area, Colonial National Historic Park, Fire Island National Seashore, and Assateague Island National Seashore. The monitoring approach incorporates several spatial and temporal designs to address questions at a hierarchy of scales. Indicators of estuarine response to nutrient enrichment were sampled using a probability design within park estuaries during a late-summer index period. Monitoring variables consisted of dissolved-oxygen concentration, chlorophyll a concentration, water temperature, salinity, attenuation of downwelling photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), and turbidity. The statistical sampling design allowed the condition of unsampled locations to be inferred from the distribution of data from a set of randomly positioned "probability" stations. A subset of sampling stations was sampled repeatedly during the index period, and stations were not rerandomized in subsequent years. These "trend stations" allowed us to examine temporal variability within the index period, and to improve the sensitivity of the monitoring protocol to detecting change through time. Additionally, one index site in each park was equipped for continuous monitoring throughout the index period. Thus, the protocol includes elements of probabilistic and targeted spatial sampling, and the temporal intensity ranges from snapshot assessments to continuous monitoring.

Kopp, Blaine S.; Nielsen, Martha; Glisic, Dejan; Neckles, Hilary A.

2009-01-01

79

Design an easy-to-use infection screening system for non-contact monitoring of vital-signs to prevent the spread of pandemic diseases.  

PubMed

The outbreak of infectious diseases such as influenza, dengue fever, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) are threatening the global health. Especially, developing countries in the South-East Asia region have been at serious risk. Rapid and highly reliable screening of infection is urgently needed during the epidemic season at mass gathering places, such as airport quarantine facilities, public health centers, and hospital outpatients units, etc. To meet this need, our research group is currently developing a multiple vital-signs based infection screening system that can perform human medical inspections within 15 seconds. This system remotely monitors facial temperature, heart and respiration rates using a thermopile array and a 24-GHz microwave radar, respectively. In this work, we redesigned our previous system to make a higher performance with a user-friendly interface. Moreover, the system newly included a multivariable logistic regression model (MLRM) to determine the possibility of infection. We tested the system on 34 seasonal influenza patients and 35 normal control subjects at the Japan Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital. The sensitivity and specificity of the screening system using the MLRM were 85.3% and 88.6%, respectively. PMID:25571068

Guanghao Sun; Nguyen Quang Vinh; Matsuoka, Ayumu; Miyata, Keisuke; Chen, Chris; Ueda, Akiko; Seokjin Kim; Hakozaki, Yukiya; Abe, Shigeto; Takei, Osamu; Matsui, Takemi

2014-08-01

80

Vital Pulpotomy  

MedlinePLUS

... nerve tissue. This tissue is found in the pulp, the center of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. A vital pulpotomy removes less pulp than root canal treatment. Vital pulpotomy removes tissue ...

81

CDC Vital Signs: Cervical Cancer is Preventable  

MedlinePLUS

... vaccinated against HPV as recommended . State and local public health can Encourage women to get screened by working with state Medicaid programs, community health centers, and community-based groups. Help women get screened, get ... MMWR Science Clips Related ...

82

CDC Vital Signs: Opioid Painkiller Prescribing  

MedlinePLUS

... most prescriptions per person for painkillers, especially Alabama, Tennessee, and West Virginia. The Northeast, especially Maine and ... for oxymorphone (a specific type of painkiller) in Tennessee as were written in Minnesota. What might be ...

83

CDC Vital Signs: Drinking and Driving  

MedlinePLUS

... to prevent people from drinking and driving. At sobriety checkpoints, police stop drivers to judge if they ... legal drinking age laws. Expand the use of sobriety checkpoints. Require ignition interlocks for everyone convicted of ...

84

CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... and/or weight requirements. View larger graphic Motor vehicle crash deaths have gone down in the past ... and seat belt use and reducing child motor vehicle injuries and deaths. Options for effective strategies include: ...

85

CDC Vital Signs: Prescription Painkiller Overdoses  

MedlinePLUS

... Compartir Prescription Painkiller Overdoses Use and Abuse of Methadone as a Painkiller July 2012 1 in 3 ... oxycodone), Opana (oxymorphone), and methadone. Issue Details Problem Methadone use poses risks Methadone is frequently prescribed for ...

86

CDC Vital Signs: Adults with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... health behavior to help avoid these chronic diseases. 82% Adults with disabilities were 82% more likely to be physically active if their ... get physical activity. Yet adults with disabilities were 82% more likely to be physically active if their ...

87

CDC Vital Signs: Where's the Sodium?  

MedlinePLUS

... tell how much sodium is in restaurant foods. Brands of foods matter: Different brands of the same foods may have different sodium ... can: Develop and implement efforts that: Increase public awareness about the amount of sodium added to processed ...

88

CDC Vital Signs: Asthma in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... triggers. Triggers can include tobacco smoke, mold, outdoor air pollution, and colds and flu. In 2008 less than ... as tobacco smoke, mold, pet dander, and outdoor air pollution. Prescribe inhaled corticosteroids for all patients with persistent ...

89

CDC Vital Signs: Progress on Childhood Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... such as nutrition education and breastfeeding support services. Child care providers and parents can: Serve fruits and vegetables ... preschoolers watch TV or use the computer in child care and the home. Support and encourage preschoolers to ...

90

CDC Vital Signs: Preventing Norovirus Outbreaks  

MedlinePLUS

... outbreaks using genome sequencing and analysis. State and local governments can: Adopt and enforce all provisions of the ... against norovirus. Immediately block off, clean, and disinfect areas where ... to your local health department. Visit www.FoodSafety.gov for the ...

91

Nuclear Material Recovery at Los Alamos National Laboratory Using TechXtract{reg_sign} Decontamination Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

One mission of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is to affect pollution prevention and waste minimization surrounding operations at their Plutonium Facility. Efforts are underway and technologies are being deployed to capture the actinide at the source thereby reducing the amount of nuclear material leaving the facility as transuranic waste. Traditional processing alternatives for decontamination, such as strong acid

S. Fay; D. Dennison; K. Fife; W. Punjak

1999-01-01

92

VitalDust: Wireless Sensor Networks for Emergency Medical Care  

E-print Network

and enter into field report collect vital signs (pulse ox, heart rate, etc.) Motes attached to patients Ambulance system makes Correlate with patient records at hospital PDAs carried by EMTs receive vital signs energy conservation Mass Casualty Events and Disasters Biochemical Attack Scenario · EMTs easily identify

Malan, David J.

93

EMFLUX{reg_sign} soil-gas survey of Technical Area 54, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This EMFLUXR Soil-Gas Survey was conducted on Material Disposal Areas (MDAS) G, J, and L in Technical Area 54 at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), New Mexico. MDA L has been used for disposal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and MDA G (comprising sub-areas G-1 through G-8) for disposal of both VOCs and radioactive waste; MDA I has reportedly been used for disposal of waste without either of these contaminants. All three of the sites are currently active. Figure 1 shows the location of the three MDAs within Technical Area 54 of operable Unit 1148. The purpose of the EMFLUX{reg_sign} Soil-Gas Survey was to determine the presence, identities, and relative strengths of contaminants within the three areas of LANL investigated. Quadrel understands that this information will be used in Phase-I assessment of these areas to determine flux rates of -- VOCs emanating from the ground.

NONE

1993-09-30

94

American Sign Language Browser  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Sign Language (ASL) Browser, developed by the Communication Technology Laboratory at Michigan State University, indexes video clips that demonstrate thousands of ASL signs. To view a video clip illustrating an ASL sign, users select a word or phrase from 1 of 26 alphabetical lists. Written instructions explaining how to make each sign accompany every video clip. Each clip in this visual dictionary is a Quicktime movie of about 100K.

95

Records Management Guidance: Vital Records 1. What are Vital Records?  

E-print Network

CHD April 2010 1 Records Management Guidance: Vital Records 1. What are Vital Records? 1.1 Vital of losing the records and decide how to manage the records accordingly. 3.2 There are surprisingly few vital records are those records that the University requires to continue running. In the event of a disaster

Mumby, Peter J.

96

[Vital dyes in chromovitrectomy].  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to present the current data with regard to the application of vital dyes during vitreoretinal surgery, 'chromovitrectomy', as well as to overview the current literature regarding the properties of dyes, techniques of application, indications and complications in chromovitrectomy. A large body of published research has recently addressed the toxicity profile of indocyanine green for chromovitrectomy. Experimental data demonstrate dose-dependent toxicity of indocyanine green to various retinal cells. Newer generation vital dyes for chromovitrectomy include trypan blue, patent blue, triamcinolone acetonide, infracyanine green, sodium fluorescein, bromophenol blue, fluorometholone acetate and brilliant blue. Novel instruments may enable a selective painting of preretinal tissues during chromovitrectomy. This review suggests that the field of chromovitrectomy represents an expanding area of research. The first line agents for internal limiting membrane staining in chromovitrectomy are indocyanine green, infracyanine green, and brilliant blue. Patent blue, bromophenol blue and trypan blue arose as outstanding biostains for visualization of epiretinal membranes. Novel dyes available for chromovitrectomy deserve further investigation. PMID:20098913

Dib, Eduardo; Rodrigues, Eduardo Büchelle; Maia, Maurício; Meyer, Carsten H; Penha, Fernando Marcondes; Furlani, Bruno de Albuquerque; Costa, Elaine de Paula Fiod; Farah, Michel Eid

2009-01-01

97

Hydroacoustic estimates of fish abundance. Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1990  

SciTech Connect

Hydroacoustics, as defined in the context of this report, is the use of a scientific sonar system to determine fish densities with respect to numbers and biomass. These two parameters provide a method of monitoring reservoir fish populations and detecting gross changes in the ecosystem. With respect to southeastern reservoirs, hydroacoustic surveys represent a new method of sampling open water areas and the best technology available. The advantages of this technology are large amounts of data can be collected in a relatively short period of time allowing improved statistical interpretation and data comparison, the pelagic (open water) zone can be sampled efficiently regardless of depth, and sampling is nondestructive and noninvasive with neither injury to the fish nor alteration of the environment. Hydroacoustics cannot provide species identification and related information on species composition or length/weight relationships. Also, sampling is limited to a minimum depth of ten feet which precludes the use of this equipment for sampling shallow shoreline areas. The objective of this study is to use hydroacoustic techniques to estimate fish standing stocks (i.e., numbers and biomass) in several areas of selected Tennessee Valley Reservoirs as part of a base level monitoring program to assess long-term changes in reservoir water quality.

Wilson, W.K.

1991-03-01

98

Vital signs: alcohol poisoning deaths - United States, 2010-2012.  

PubMed

Excessive alcohol use accounted for an average of one in 10 deaths among working-age adults (aged 20-64 years) in the United States each year during 2006-2010, and cost the United States $223.5 billion in 2006. Binge drinking, defined as consuming four or more drinks for women or five or more drinks for men on an occasion, was responsible for more than half of these deaths and three fourths of the economic costs. Binge drinking also is responsible for many health and social problems, including alcohol poisoning. Yet, approximately 38 million U.S. adults report binge drinking an average of four times per month, and consume an average of eight drinks per binge episode. Most binge drinkers (90%) are not alcohol dependent. PMID:25577989

Kanny, Dafna; Brewer, Robert D; Mesnick, Jessica B; Paulozzi, Leonard J; Naimi, Timothy S; Lu, Hua

2015-01-01

99

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Smoking among People with Mental Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... in place. More progress can be achieved: By mental health professionals Asking their patients if they use tobacco; ... in people trying to quit using tobacco. By mental health facilities Including quitting treatments as part of mental ...

100

CDC Vital Signs: Cancer Screenings: Colorectal Cancer and Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin ... Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin ...

101

Physical03.Doc (10/31/07) VITAL SIGNS VISION  

E-print Network

/Diphtheria Chickenpox Hepatitis B Series Mumps BCG Measles MMR Rubella Varicella Other: Polio Other: PPD Pos Neg TB TESTING DATE RESULTS Rubeola POSITIVE NEGATIVE Rubella POSITIVE NEGATIVE Varicella POSITIVE NEGATIVE Occupational Health Program's policy statement: Individual has immunity to Rubeola, Rubella, Varicella

102

CDC Vital Signs: Colorectal Cancer Tests Save Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... is right for them. Know their own family history and any personal risks they may have for CRC. Encourage friends and family members to be tested for CRC . Contact their local health department to learn how they can get tested for CRC. Science Behind the Issue MMWR Science Clips Related Pages ...

103

CDC Vital Signs: Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke  

MedlinePLUS

... 26% of adults smoke in both states. Fewer people smoke in the West (about 16%), and more people smoke in the Southeast (about 22%) and Midwest (about ... onitor tobacco use and prevention policies P rotect people from tobacco smoke O ffer help to quit W arn about ...

104

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Seat Belt Use in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... enforcement seat belt laws achieved 88% use.* Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for ... to the driver just because someone in the vehicle is not wearing a seat belt. A secondary ...

105

CDC Vital Signs: Reducing Sodium in Children's Diets  

MedlinePLUS

... caregivers can When cooking at home, try different spices, herbs, and vegetables instead of salt. Use 'low ... reduce added sodium. Replace sodium with alternatives like spices, herbs, and vegetables. Shop around for lower sodium ...

106

Education Vital Signs. Leadership: The Toughest Job in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines administration, motivation, and compensation among educational leaders. Discusses the high-stakes, high-stress jobs of superintendents, assistant superintendents, subject-area supervisors, principals, and assistant principals. Also looks at the role of school board members and the importance of teamwork in education. (Contains one table…

Carr, Nora

2003-01-01

107

Vital Signs Perspectives of the president of APHA  

E-print Network

vaccine suppliers for this country. The United States should com mit to buy ing back unused vaccine of a shortage, incen tives for drug companies to manufacture flu vaccine and a federal purchase pro gram

108

Vitalism, purpose and superstition.  

PubMed

Developmental studies have shown that children assign purpose to objects more liberally than adults, and that they explain biological processes in terms of vitalistic causality. This study tested the hypothesis that similar misconceptions can be found among superstitious adults. The results from 116 superstitious and 123 sceptical individuals showed that more than sceptics, superstitious individuals attributed purpose to objects, and explained biological processes in terms of organ intentionality and energy transmission. In addition, they thought of energy as a vital force, attributing life and mental properties to it. These conceptual confusions were positively associated to all types of superstitions as well as belief in alternative medicine. The results support the argument that category mistakes and ontological confusions underlie superstitious and vitalistic thinking. PMID:17319049

Lindeman, Marjaana; Saher, Marieke

2007-02-01

109

Development of a portable vital sensing system for home telemedicine.  

PubMed

For safe and effective home medical care, a network system for observing one's vital signs noninvasively and evaluating one's health conditions is highly desirable. In this paper, we described a portable vital sensing system and a home medical server to establish a home telemedicine system. In order to develop a portable vital sensing system, physiological sensing circuit, digital signal processor and wireless communication device are integrated into a small electrical circuit, called "smart telecom unit" with a size of 25mm * 37mm. By using a smart telecom unit, noninvasive vital sensing units including blood pressure, electrocardiograph, pulse wave and body temperature were developed. These sensing units are able to communicate vital records to a home medical server, which consists of a small computer and virtual physiological model to estimate health conditions and can seamlessly connect to the Internet. The accuracy and stability were evaluated in the system performance test. As a result of a performance test of a portable vital sensing system, these vital data could be measured easily and noninvasively. In addition, vital sensing system is able to communicate vital records to home medical server. Hence, it could be confirmed that it was useful to analyze daily health condition in order to prevent a lifestyle disease like hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes. PMID:18003350

Ichihashi, F; Sankai, Y

2007-01-01

110

Problems associated with the diagnosis of vitality in burned bodies.  

PubMed

The most important signs of vitality in burned bodies are soot deposits in the respiratory tract, the esophagus and the stomach as well as elevated CO-Hb values in the blood. But these findings show only that a person was exposed to fire fumes while alive; they are no indicator for vital heat exposure. As the external findings in burned bodies are often not very conclusive due to postmortem consumption by the fire, the internal findings are all the more important. Macroscopic signs that hot fumes were inhaled may be edematous swelling and vesicular detachment of the mucosa in the pharynx, the larynx and/or the upper section of the esophagus. As histological changes in the respiratory tract soot deposits, vesicular detachment of the epithelium, hyperemia and edema of the tracheal and bronchial mucosa as well as increased secretion of mucus have been described. These findings may partly be absent although the victim was alive during the fire, which can make diagnosis more difficult. Especially in peracute deaths vitality findings are usually sparse. The significance of the macroscopic and histological parameters of vitality was systematically investigated on the basis of our own autopsy material from the years 1996-2002 (88 cases) and compared with the statements found in the literature. In our study material, the vitality parameters were incomplete in 23% of the burned corpses. In 3% of the cases the question whether there was an antemortem heat exposure could not be answered. PMID:12927397

Bohnert, Michael; Werner, Christoph R; Pollak, Stefan

2003-08-27

111

Dollar Signs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use number sense and mental math strategies to estimate the price of a sign. Learners pretend they are in charge of making signs for businesses and must calculate the cost of three orders using estimation. This activity provides an opportunity for learners to practice making estimates of the sum of more than two numbers. This activity guide contains sample questions to ask, literary connections, extensions, and alignment to local and national standards.

Children's Museum of Houston

2014-09-19

112

American Sign Language  

MedlinePLUS

... Infections, and Deafness American Sign Language American Sign Language On this page: What is American Sign Language? ... signs "I love you." What is American Sign Language? American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex ...

113

Wilderness Sign  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Wilderness sign beside a mountain hiking trail in the Wasatch-Cache National Forest. This image was taken while the photographer was participating in the 2009 Joint Annual Meeting of these leading scientific societies: Mycological Society of America, American Bryological and Lichenological Society, ...

114

Vitalism in Naive Biological Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments investigated use of vitalistic explanations for biological phenomena by 5- and 10-year-olds and by adults. Results replicated the original Japanese finding of vitalistic thinking among English-speaking 5-year-olds, identified the more active component of vitalism as a belief in the transfer of energy during biological processes,…

Morris, Suzanne C.; Taplin, John E.; Gelman, Susan A.

2000-01-01

115

Understanding and Forecasting Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forecasting of ethnolinguistic vitality can only be done within a well-functioning descriptive and explanatory model of the dynamics of language stability and shift. It is proposed that the Perceived Benefit Model of Language Shift, used with a taxonomy of language shift motivations, provides that model. The model, based on individual language…

Karan, Mark E.

2011-01-01

116

Tongue protrusion as an indicator of vital burning.  

PubMed

In the forensic assessment of burned bodies, the question of whether the victim was exposed to the fire before or after death is of crucial importance. Several external signs have been used in the past to indicate heat exposure prior to the death of the victim but these did not include tongue protrusion. The internal signs of heat exposure are generally regarded as much more important than those observed externally. No one factor has been found to be totally reliable. This study found a statistically significant dependence between tongue protrusion and presence of soot in the respiratory tract and stomach, the latter being a good indicator of vital burning. The results of this study confirm that tongue protrusion can be used as an additional indicator of vital burning. PMID:23609218

Bernitz, Herman; van Staden, Paul J; Cronjé, Christine M; Sutherland, René

2014-03-01

117

A chair-type interface for long-term and ambient vital sensing.  

PubMed

We investigate a novel type of interface that enables long-term vital sensing through noninvasive direct-contact vital sign detection and observation of body motion and feedback of health conditions through an illuminated display. Although various types of vital sign measuring equipment are currently commercially available, their complexity and inconvenient user interfaces coupled with human reluctance to continue long-term use discourage their daily use. Consequently, in this research we propose a method for involuntary measurement of vital signs of a user who is relaxing in a normal living environment. This study also investigates physical and physiological activity regarding body motion. In addition, a trend analysis is also performed with the help of past data automatically stored after each session. PMID:22254524

Shimokakimoto, Tomoya; Suzuki, Kenji

2011-01-01

118

Physical activity and cognitive vitality.  

PubMed

We examine evidence supporting the associations among physical activity (PA), cognitive vitality, neural functioning, and the moderation of these associations by genetic factors. Prospective epidemiological studies provide evidence for PA to be associated with a modest reduction in relative risk of cognitive decline. An evaluation of the PA-cognition link across the life span provides modest support for the effect of PA on preserving and even enhancing cognitive vitality and the associated neural circuitry in older adults, with the majority of benefits seen for tasks that are supported by the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. The literature on children and young adults, however, is in need of well-powered randomized controlled trials. Future directions include a more sophisticated understanding of the dose-response relationship, the integration of genetic and epigenetic approaches, inclusion of multimodal imaging of brain-behavior changes, and finally the design of multimodal interventions that may yield broader improvements in cognitive function. PMID:25251492

Prakash, Ruchika Shaurya; Voss, Michelle W; Erickson, Kirk I; Kramer, Arthur F

2015-01-01

119

FACULTY DEVELOPMENT: EFFECTIVE SIGN-OFFS  

E-print Network

training, this potential has increased with the greater number of transitions of care due to the ACGME duty care professionals effective communication is vital to achieve the best patient outcomes possible. "Sign-offs", the mechanism of transferring information and responsibility from one set of care- givers

120

Vitalism, complexity and the concept of spin.  

PubMed

Vital Force is a concept that has suffered at the hands of the current medical model. An attempt is made to show how it might be possible to explain Vital Force in terms of complexity theory. A metaphor is introduced for the operation of Vital Force in terms of gyroscopic motion. PMID:12371447

Milgrom, L R

2002-01-01

121

Power equipment: The vital link  

SciTech Connect

New power plants throughout the industry have operational environments that function according to a continuously cutting edge. Monitoring, simulation and control equipment is the vital link to all processes in today`s generating facilities; such systems are changing to meet the demand for higher overall plant efficiencies, lower emissions and minimum staffing levels. Furthermore, the fast-paced march of new, powerful computer hardware and software solutions continues to challenge manufacturers of these technologies. During the past few years the power industry has moved away form the large main control rooms (MCR) concept filled with conventional instrumentation and controls toward the screen, track-ball and colorful computer monitors common to distributed control systems (DCS). In this power equipment market overview, Independent Energy profiles several new developments in control and monitoring systems technology in power plants from around the globe.

Hennagir, T. [ed.

1996-01-01

122

Signing off  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dress for success At a recent physics teachers meeting a colleague commented to me on the generally poor state of the throng's sartorial elegance. It's not that she thought they should all be clothes horses or catwalk models but certain rules seem to have been ignored. This didn't just apply to the older people in the crowd. In the interests of physics we drew up a few basic rules that seemed to have gone awry and we present them here for the benefit of new members of the profession: Trousers should meet shoes, or at least come within 2 cm of the laces. NB. Pedal pushers are not acceptable male attire. Sandals and socks should also be avoided. One of the few equations that all of the general public know (like E = mc2) is Socks + Sandals = Beard. Hair should be washed at least once a week (whether it needs to be or not), combing should take place more frequently. Particular styles are not important, but avoid hiding receding hair using the comb-over. If your jacket/cardigan frays at the elbow throw it away. Patching it up with leather patches is not decorous or clever. NB. Carpet samples are not an acceptable alternative. If you are watching a re-run of a 1970s television show one afternoon and you find yourself thinking how much you admire the actors' dress sense then it is time to go clothes shopping. Colours should match and complement each other. Some combinations should be banned, for example brown jacket with orange shirts are a no-no. Under no circumstances should you try to match brown tweed with anything, unless it's the inside of your dustbin. Men and ties. It is very common to want to wear one's old school or college tie to show off your origins and this is to be commended. However, it is not acceptable to wear the actual tie you wore at school, as this will be at least 20 years old, be rather frayed and will have your name sewn in the back by your mum. Ironing should be done on all outer garments, though there is no need to iron creases (fore and aft) so sharp that they cause paper cuts. Stains. If you accidentally spill some food or drink on your clothes, make sure you attempt to remove it as soon as possible and preferably within the same lunar cycle. Some teachers seem to think they should be worn with pride like the stains on a chemistry teacher's white coat. This is a myth. Materials. For scientists continually teaching about the wonder of smart materials, physics teachers are remarkably conservative in their choice of materials for their clothes. Try to break out from the traditional corduroy and tweed and practise what you teach. It is not acceptable to wear the actual tie you wore at school, as this will be at least 20 years old, be rather frayed and will have your name sewn in the back by your mum. Steven Chapman Science Year Manager, British Association for the Advancement of Science Signing Off takes a humorous and irreverent look at physics education. The views expressed here are those of the author and are not endorsed by the Editorial Board for Physics Education. Can you contribute a zany attitude or humorous anecdote? Please send your offering to ped@iop.org marked Signing Off.

2001-05-01

123

Does Ethnolinguistic Vitality Theory account for the actual vitality of ethnic groups? A critical evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnolinguistic vitality theory asserts that Status, Demographic, Institutional Support and Control factors make up the vitality of ethnolinguistic groups. An assessment of a group's strengths and weaknesses in each of these dimensions provides a rough classification of ethnolinguistic groups into those having low, medium, or high vitality. Low vitality groups are most likely to go through linguistic assimilation and may

Kutlay Yagmur

2011-01-01

124

Signing off  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics Related Aptitude Test As the teacher shortage bites anyone with a degree in science expects to walk into a school and be received, with open arms, as a physics teacher. Are they really suitable? To help you decide Signing Off provides the following invaluable psychometric test. Extensively researched and, for single users only, it comes completely free to Physics Education subscribers! (Copies of this Physics Related Aptitude Test are available to credit-card customers from prat@realripoff.com priced #35 per client, 125 dollars to US customers.) This invaluable psychometric test has been extensively researched. Your first lesson of the new school year introduces the study of electricity. Do you: A Use the notes prepared by your predecessor. B Find a video on electricity and play it to the class. C Arrange a series of exciting practical demonstrations to stimulate the young inquiring mind. D Let the children design and make their own circuits to light flashlight bulbs. Your 14-year-olds have completed a written test on heat and energy. Do you: A Mark correct only the work of students who have written their names neatly at the top LEFT HAND corner, as required. B Only set multiple choice tests, so that the computer can mark them for you. C Mark carefully by hand, explaining in detail to each student exactly how and why they have made errors and adding encouraging comments with lots of praise. D Give out correct sets of answers and allow students to mark their own work. There is a staff social. Do you: A Ask for a definition of the term 'social'. B Ask for a web-based version. C Determine to go, so that you can discuss setting up cross-curricular links with colleagues. D Join the organizing committee. Who do you admire most? A Sir Isaac Newton. B Bill Gates. C Leonardo da Vinci. D Leonardo di Caprio. You are required to teach biology class. Your response is: A Denial. B To ask for an appropriate computer simulation. C To attend a specialized course for biology teachers in your own time. D Read the textbook ten minutes before the class. Mostly A's: Traditional physics teacher, will fit straight in. Within days of taking up post you will wonder why he isn't already wearing a fine coating of chalk after years of teaching. Make a good offer of a long contract. Mostly B's: Slightly trendy and progressive. Consider buying a good computer instead. Mostly C's: A dangerous and possibly offensive teacher: they make you feel old and are liable to disrupt timetabling by making teaching popular. Don't worry - they will soon burn out and retire. Mostly D's: As a normal human being, this person is totally unsuited to physics teaching - they expect to work less than 50 hours each week, and enjoy living. KP

2001-09-01

125

Qualitative research: a vital resource for  

E-print Network

Qualitative research: a vital resource for ethical healthcare Proceedings of the conference Trust, London WC10-2221a/tbcK/01-2001/JW #12;Qualitative research: a vital resource for ethical newly established Biomedical Ethics Programme. Both research projects involved using qualitative methods

Rambaut, Andrew

126

Vital Soil: Function, Value and Properties.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This article is a review of the book, Vital Soil: Function, Value and Properties. Soil vitality has been defined as the ability of soil ecosystems to stay in balance in a changing world. The soil environment and the life that it supports developed over centuries and millennia, but careless human ac...

127

Does Ethnolinguistic Vitality Theory Account for the Actual Vitality of Ethnic Groups? A Critical Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethnolinguistic vitality theory asserts that Status, Demographic, Institutional Support and Control factors make up the vitality of ethnolinguistic groups. An assessment of a group's strengths and weaknesses in each of these dimensions provides a rough classification of ethnolinguistic groups into those having low, medium, or high vitality. Low…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2011-01-01

128

"Interns are vital to the laboratory. They are excited  

E-print Network

- to help improve their "soft skills." In addition, they can attend lectures that feature world' writing and communication strategies- to help improve their "soft skills." In addition, they can attend skills. This is a paid opportunity. Application deadline is April 11. Decisions will follow in mid

Demirel, Melik C.

129

Artificial Vision A vital component of  

E-print Network

Artificial Vision A vital component of transhumanism #12;Machinehead · Merger of human and machine. · Transhumanism ­ Our design is flawed. · Blind spot · Blinking #12;Beyond the blind spot · Eventually plug

La Rosa, Andres H.

130

Battlefield triage life signs detection techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Getting to wounded soldiers on the battlefield is a precarious task, and medics have a very high casualty rate. It is therefore a vital importance to prioritize which soldiers to attend to first. The first step is to detect life signs - if a soldier is dead or alive, and prioritize recovery of live soldiers. The second step is to obtain vital signs from live soldiers, and use this to prioritize which are in most urgent need of attention. Our team at Kai Sensors, University of Hawaii and University of Florida is developing Doppler radar heart sensing technology that provides the means to detect life signs, respiration and/or heart beat, at a distance, even for subjects lying motionless, e.g., unconscious subjects, wearing body armor, and hidden from direct view. Since this technology can deliver heart rate information with high accuracy, it may also enable the assessment of a subject's physiological and psychological state based on heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Thus, the degree of a subject's injury may also be determined. The software and hardware developments and challenges for life signs detection and monitoring for battlefield triage will be discussed, including heart signal detection from all four sides of the human body, detection in the presence of body armor, and the feasibility of HRV parameter extraction.

Boric-Lubecke, Olga; Lin, Jenshan; Park, Byung-Kwon; Li, Changzhi; Massagram, Wansuree; Lubecke, Victor M.; Host-Madsen, Anders

2008-04-01

131

Vital physical signals measurements using a webcam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-contact and remote measurements of vital physical signals are important for reliable and comfortable physiological self-assessment. In this paper, we provide a new video-based methodology for remote and fast measurements of vital physical signals such as cardiac pulse and breathing rate. A webcam is used to track color video of a human face or wrist, and a Photoplethysmography (PPG) technique is applied to perform the measurements of the vital signals. A novel sequential blind signal extraction methodology is applied to the color video under normal lighting conditions, based on correlation analysis between the green trace and the source signals. The approach is successfully applied in the measurement of vital signals under the condition of different illuminating in which the target signal can also be found out accurately. To assess the advantages, the measuring time of a large number of cases is recorded correctly. The experimental results show that it only takes less than 30 seconds to measure the vital physical signals using presented technique. The study indicates the proposed approach is feasible for PPG technique, which provides a way to study the relationship of the signal for different ROI in future research.

Ouyang, Jianfei; Yan, Yonggang; Yao, Lifeng

2013-10-01

132

Vitiligo: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments U - W Vitiligo Signs, symptoms Vitiligo: Signs and symptoms Vitiligo causes loss of color. ... amount of color loss or type of vitiligo. Vitiligo has types and subtypes If you are diagnosed ...

133

Shingles: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments Q - T Shingles Signs, symptoms Shingles: Signs and symptoms Shingles tends to cause more ... painful before the shingles appeared. Learn more about shingles: Shingles Shingles: Who gets, causes Shingles: Diagnosis, treatment, ...

134

Rosacea: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments Q - T Rosacea Signs, symptoms Rosacea: Signs and symptoms Rosacea causes more than a ... ophthalmologist (doctor who specializes in treating eye diseases). Rosacea can affect quality of life Rosacea can affect ...

135

[Novelty of vital dyes in ophthalmic surgery].  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to present recent developments in the area of novelty of vital dyes in intraocular surgery. The authors present the advantages and disadvantages of several vital dyes currently used in ophthalmic surgery. Vital dyes are used to allow better intraoperative visualization of both the anterior and posterior segments. Indocyanine green and trypan blue are the most frequently used and the most efficacious dyes for staining the important anatomic areas but often are associated with significant side effects. These dyes are used in cataract and vitreo-retinal surgery. Other dyes including rhodamine 6G, E68, bromophenol blue, light green and Chicago blue are still under preclinical assessment. PMID:20825072

Rejdak, Robert; Oleszczuk, Agnieszka; Ma?kowska, Anna; Kiczy?ska, Magdalena; Zagórski, Zbigniew; Zarnowski, Tomasz

2010-01-01

136

Objective Local Vitality and Linguistic Networks as Predictors of Perceived Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper investigates the relationship between objective ethnolinguistic vitality, individual networks of linguistic contacts (INLCs) and perceived vitality among German-speaking (N = 415) and Italian-speaking (N = 379) adolescents in South Tyrol, Italy. Supporting our hypothesis, we found that INLC has a greater effect on perceived…

Vincze, László; Harwood, Jake

2014-01-01

137

The Vital Program: Transforming ICT Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing a model for effective large-scale continuous professional development (CPD) for teachers remains a significant obstacle for many governments worldwide. This article describes the development and evolution of Vital--a CPD program designed to enhance the teaching of information communication technology in state-funded primary and…

Bradshaw, Pete; Twining, Peter; Walsh, Christopher S.

2012-01-01

138

The Economic Vitality Formula of Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An economic vitality formula of success can be accomplished by creating partnerships between local career and technical education (CTE), and workforce development and economic development entities. Student industry certifications; dynamic partnerships; programs and projects focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); and…

Konopnicki, Patrick M.

2012-01-01

139

Refereed Publications of Vital Business Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: No systematic research has explored the refereed publications records of vital business educators. Data Collection Procedures: A total of 120 prominent business educators were mailed a survey about their publication practices and history, yielding a 61% usable return rate from 73 completed questionnaires. Results: The six research…

Blaszczynski, Carol; Scott, James Calvert; Green, Diana J.

2009-01-01

140

Protecting & Preserving a Vital Natural Resource  

E-print Network

Protecting & Preserving a Vital Natural Resource C h e s a p e a k e B ay R e s e a R C h #12;The natural resources. The Chesapeake Bay watershed stretches across 64,000 square miles in six states and antimicrobials, such as Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), that may remain in treated wastewater. amy R. sapkota

Hill, Wendell T.

141

Vital epidemiologic clues in heart failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The epidemiologic investigation of heart failure evolution by the Framingham Heart Study has provided vital clues concerning the pathogenesis, predisposing conditions, other predictive risk factors, and indicators of deteriorating ventricular function related to the disease. This information is important in the early detection of those susceptible to heart failure who are candidates for preventive measures—of importance because the prevalence of

W. B Kannel

2000-01-01

142

46 CFR 169.642 - Vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...this part, the following are considered vital systems— (a) A marine engineering system identified by the OCMI as being crucial to the survival of the vessel or to the protection of the personnel on board; and (b) On vessels greater than 120 feet...

2010-10-01

143

75 FR 22630 - Vital Signs Minnesota, Inc., Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Paid...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Insurance (UI) Wages Are Paid Through Biomedical Dynamics Corporation, Including On-Site...insurance (UI) tax account under the name Biomedical Dynamics Corporation. Accordingly...insurance (UI) wages are paid through Biomedical Dynamics Corporation, including...

2010-04-29

144

Vital signs: disparities in nonsmokers' exposure to secondhand smoke - United States, 1999-2012.  

PubMed

Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) from burning tobacco products causes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers. No risk-free level of SHS exposure exists. SHS exposure causes more than 41,000 deaths among nonsmoking adults and 400 deaths in infants each year, and approximately $5.6 billion annually in lost productivity. Although population exposure to SHS has declined over the past 2 decades, many nonsmokers remain exposed to SHS in workplaces, public places, homes, and vehicles. PMID:25654612

Homa, David M; Neff, Linda J; King, Brian A; Caraballo, Ralph S; Bunnell, Rebecca E; Babb, Stephen D; Garrett, Bridgette E; Sosnoff, Connie S; Wang, Lanqing

2015-02-01

145

12 Dartmouth Medicine | dartmed.dartmouth.edu Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

for fitness and community action, and they saw a chance to bring those interests together to help the women acknowledges that they could use help setting goals, particularly fitness goals. Many of the women the past seven years with young women with children through a program called Families Learning Together

Myers, Lawrence C.

146

The fifth vital sign: implementation of the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale.  

PubMed

Several psychometric tools are available to assess pain in the neonate. Although clinically tested, most of these tools have not been integrated into the assessment of the well newborn. Information is lacking regarding the implementation of such tools and their effects in clinical practice. The Neonatal Infant Pain Scale provides a measure of the intensity of an infant's response to pain. This article describes a hospital's implementation of the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale, including the education provided to nurses and utilization of the tool in the assessment of well newborns. PMID:12685671

Gallo, Ana-Maria

2003-01-01

147

Vital Signs: Food categories contributing the most to sodium consumption - United States, 2007-2008  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Most of the U.S. population consumes sodium in excess of daily guidelines (<2,300 mg overall and 1,500 mg for specific populations). Excessive sodium consumption raises blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, the nation’s first and fourth leading causes of death. I...

148

Assessing Vital Signs: Applying Two Participatory Evaluation Frameworks to the Evaluation of a College of Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation research has been in progress to clarify the concept of participatory evaluation and to assess its impact. Recently, two theoretical frameworks have been offered--Daigneault and Jacob's participatory evaluation measurement index and Champagne and Smits' model of practical participatory evaluation. In this case report, we apply these…

Connors, Susan C.; Magilvy, Joan K.

2011-01-01

149

The Robert Tiffany Lectureship. Vital signs at the millennium: becoming more than we are.  

PubMed

Presenting this lecture named for my colleague, the late Robert Tiffany, is an honor. He was part of the first International Conference on Cancer Nursing 20 years ago, which was my first international meeting. It was part of what expanded our Texas--only cancer prevention and detection program for nurses into an international effort. Lessons acquired through this work in the past include learning to respect and honor cultural differences, adapting control programs to the resources at hand, accepting a role as a leader and being an agent for change, and passing on what has been learned to others. The challenges of today include the worldwide death and disability toll of lung cancer, the threat of breast cancer and the promise of regular screening to lower its morbidity and mortality, and the hope that a willingness to adapt screening for cervical cancer in developing countries will lower its mortality rate. Twenty years in the future we can expect nurses to remain educators, exemplars, and agents of change; cancer prevention and early detection to rise in the hierarchy of care; continued collaborative care between physicians and nurses; enhanced patient care through information access; and a larger role for cancer genetics in nursing practice. PMID:9990751

Hilton, L W

1999-02-01

150

Uranus: A Middleware Architecture for Dependable AAL and Vital Signs Monitoring Applications  

PubMed Central

The design and realization of health monitoring applications has attracted the interest of large communities both from industry and academia. Several research challenges have been faced and issues tackled in order to realize effective applications for the management and monitoring of people with chronic diseases, people with disabilities, elderly people. However, there is a lack of efficient tools that enable rapid and possibly cheap realization of reliable health monitoring applications. The paper presents Uranus, a service oriented middleware architecture, which provides basic functions for the integration of different kinds of biomedical sensors. Uranus has also distinguishing characteristics like services for the run-time verification of the correctness of running applications and mechanisms for the recovery from failures. The paper concludes with two case studies as proof of concept. PMID:22736998

Coronato, Antonio

2012-01-01

151

Uranus: a middleware architecture for dependable AAL and vital signs monitoring applications.  

PubMed

The design and realization of health monitoring applications has attracted the interest of large communities both from industry and academia. Several research challenges have been faced and issues tackled in order to realize effective applications for the management and monitoring of people with chronic diseases, people with disabilities, elderly people. However, there is a lack of efficient tools that enable rapid and possibly cheap realization of reliable health monitoring applications. The paper presents Uranus, a service oriented middleware architecture, which provides basic functions for the integration of different kinds of biomedical sensors. Uranus has also distinguishing characteristics like services for the run-time verification of the correctness of running applications and mechanisms for the recovery from failures. The paper concludes with two case studies as proof of concept. PMID:22736998

Coronato, Antonio

2012-01-01

152

Effects of Static Magnetic Fields on Cognition, Vital Signs, and Sensory Perception: A Meta-analysis  

E-print Network

for mapping the structure and function of tissues and organs. It avoids the adverse effects of ionizing effects such as those known for other medical technologies--for example, radiation or drug side effects (1 fields have been shown to impair the visual system (eg, 4) as well as long-term memory (5) and reaction

Reber, Paul J.

153

CDC Vital Signs: Progress on Children Eating More Fruit, Not Vegetables  

MedlinePLUS

... and dried) except juice. **Includes child care centers, day care homes, Head Start programs, preschool, and pre-kindergarten ... farm to school and farm to preschool initiatives. Child care, schools, and school districts can Meet or exceed ...

154

CDC Vital Signs: Binge Drinking a Serious, Under-Recognized Problem Among Women and Girls  

MedlinePLUS

... those recommended by the Community Guide. Women and girls can: Avoid binge drinking. If you choose to drink alcohol, follow the US Dietary Guidelines. Choose not to drink alcohol if you are underage or if there is any chance you could ...

155

The smart car seat: personalized monitoring of vital signs in automotive applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embedded wireless sensors are important components of mobile distributed computing networks, and one of the target applications\\u000a areas is health care. The preservation of mobility for senior citizens is one of the key issues in maintaining an independent\\u000a lifestyle. Thus health technologies inside a car can contribute both to safety issues (supervision of driver fitness) as well\\u000a as healthcare issues

Marian Walter; Benjamin Eilebrecht; Tobias Wartzek; Steffen Leonhardt

156

Design and analysis of artifact-resistive finger photoplethysmographic sensors for vital sign monitoring  

E-print Network

A miniaturized, telemetric, photoplethysmograph sensor for long-term, continuous monitoring is presented in this thesis. The sensor, called a "ring sensor," is attached to a finger base for monitoring beat-to-beat pulsation, ...

Rhee, Sokwoo

2000-01-01

157

12 Dartmouth Medicine | dartmed.dartmouth.edu Spring 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

outcomes and patient satisfaction, and a recent essay in the New England Journal of Medicine referred on their own preferences and values, they have better outcomes, they are less likely to have regret to shared decision- making as "the pinnacle of patient-centered care." But despite the growing recognition

Myers, Lawrence C.

158

Facilities Performance Indicators Report 2011-12: Tracking Your Facilities Vital Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an expanded Web-based "Facilities Performance Indicators (FPI) Report." The purpose of APPA's Facilities Performance Indicators is to provide a representative set of statistics about facilities in educational institutions. APPA's Information and Research Committee's goal for this year was to enhance the…

APPA: Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers, 2013

2013-01-01

159

Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1992: Bacteriological conditions in the Tennessee Valley. Fourth annual report  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-eight designated swimming beaches, four informal swimming areas, two canoe launching or landing sites, and two additional sites on a canoeing stream were sampled at least ten times each during 30-day sampling periods in the summer of 1992. One designated swimming beach, one informal swimming area, and two canoe launching or landing sites exceeded the recommended criterion of geometric mean concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria of 200/100 mL. In addition to these four sites, five designated swimming beaches and one informal swimming area exceeded the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended criterion by having more than 10 percent of the fecal coliform samples with concentrations greater than 400/100 mL. Rainfall was an important factor for these six sites and the four sites that did not meet the geometric mean criterion. Some sampling sites are affected by rainfall more than others. When bacteria concentrations increase after rainfall, it indicates that site is vulnerable to contamination from nonpoint sources of pollution. Recreational use of these sites following rainfall is discouraged. If samples collected within 24 hours of rainfall (one-half inch or more) are excluded, all-but one of the ten sites have better bacteriological water quality, and two meet both the geometric mean and maximum concentration criteria. Five canoe access locations on the Bear Creek floatway, plus one site upstream and another downstream of the floatway were sampled eight times each during 1992. All seven sites met recreation criteria.

Fehring, J.P.

1993-05-01

160

Facilities Performance Indicators Report 2012-13: Tracking Your Facilities Vital Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper features an expanded Web-based "Facilities Performance Indicators (FPI) Report." The purpose of APPA's Facilities Performance Indicators is to provide a representative set of statistics about facilities in educational institutions. "The Facilities Performance Indicators Report" is designed for survey…

APPA: Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers, 2014

2014-01-01

161

Facilities Performance Indicators Report 2010-11: Tracking Your Facilities Vital Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

APPA's Information and Research Committee's goal for this year was to enhance the survey and report tools by making them both more navigable, user friendly, and accurate. Significant progress has been made with all of these initiatives. APPA also automated many of the internal processes for the survey and report, which resulted in a…

APPA: Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers, 2012

2012-01-01

162

Management in the Ministry of Health: what are the vital signs?  

PubMed

Effective and efficient management of health services is becoming more and more important in all countries and in all organizations whether profit or non-profit. Management practices and attitudes which may have been accepted in previous years are no longer appropriate. A study was conducted in the Ministry of Health, State of Bahrain to determine the current status of management skills and attitudes. Participants were asked to identify the best and the worst practices of managers. Eight key areas of concern were identified: participative vs. non-participative style, communication, motivation, delegation, human relations skills, style of supervision, goal-oriented behavior, and use of supervisory power. In each of these management-related skill areas, examples of best and worst practices are provided in order to aid the manager/leader in self-assessing his/her abilities as a first step toward improving management. PMID:10169450

Benjamin, S; Ahmed, A A; al-Darazi, F

1997-01-01

163

MILLIKAN CHAPTER 3 NATURAL SIGNS AND INTENTIONAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

, not natural law but statistical frequencies at the source end of the information channel appearMILLIKAN CHAPTER 3 PART II NATURAL SIGNS AND INTENTIONAL SIGNS CHAPTER THREE LOCAL NATURAL SIGNS AND INFORMATION Intentional signs are signs that can be false or unsatisfied. Natural signs cannot. Black clouds

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

164

Sign Language Film List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In learning any language, a good way to hone your listening skills to range of common speakers is by watching movies in the language, and sign language is no exception. Although referring to it as using your listening skills may be a bit of a stretch, viewing different people sign can be good real-life practice in order to learn the nuisances of individuals' "speech." The Sign Language Film List has attempted to compile a complete of a list of films and other works available in American Sign Language, and their efforts should be rewarding to students, speakers and instructors.

Lubotsky, John

2006-11-06

165

Warning Signs of Lung Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Lungs Warning Signs of Lung Disease Top Stories Lung HelpLine Questions about your lung health? Need help ... Warning Signs of Lung Disease Warning Signs of Lung Disease WARNING SIGNS If you have any of ...

166

Optical Sensor for Measuring American Lobster Vitality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vitality of the American Lobster (Homarus americanus) is correlated to the total hemolymph protein (THP) in lobster hemolymph (blood). The standard technique for determining lobster vitality is to draw blood from a lobster and measure THP with a refractometer. This technique is invasive and endangers the lobster's health since blood must be drawn from the lobster. In the present work an optical sensor is developed to measure a lobster's vitality in vivo. It is comprised of a broadband light source, a monochromator, a fiber optic reflection probe, a spectrometer and a computer. This sensor measures protein concentrations by exciting a lobster with 280 nm and 334 nm wavelength light sources and measuring the corresponding absorbance peaks for THP and the fluorescence peak for hemocyanin (Hc), the majority protein in hemolymph. In this work several lobsters are tested. For each lobster, absorbance and fluorescence peaks are measured using the sensor and compared to protein concentrations measured using a refractometer. It is found that the shell thickness and muscle density, which correspond directly to protein concentration and the molting stage of the lobster have a significant effect on the absorbance and fluorescence measurements. It is also found that within specific molting stages, such as pre-molt and post-molt, protein concentration measured with a refractometer correlates linearly to absorbance and fluorescence measurements with the optical sensor.

Tomassetti, Brian R. A.; Vetelino, John F.

2011-06-01

167

Optical sensor for measuring American Lobster vitality  

SciTech Connect

The vitality of the American Lobster (Homarus americanus) is correlated to the total hemolymph protein (THP) in lobster hemolymph (blood). The standard technique for determining lobster vitality is to draw blood from a lobster and measure THP with a refractometer. This technique is invasive and endangers the lobster's health since blood must be drawn from the lobster. In the present work an optical sensor is developed to measure a lobster's vitality in vivo. It is comprised of a broadband light source, a monochromator, a fiber optic reflection probe, a spectrometer and a computer. This sensor measures protein concentrations by exciting a lobster with 280 nm and 334 nm wavelength light sources and measuring the corresponding absorbance peaks for THP and the fluorescence peak for hemocyanin (Hc), the majority protein in hemolymph. In this work several lobsters are tested. For each lobster, absorbance and fluorescence peaks are measured using the sensor and compared to protein concentrations measured using a refractometer. It is found that the shell thickness and muscle density, which correspond directly to protein concentration and the molting stage of the lobster have a significant effect on the absorbance and fluorescence measurements. It is also found that within specific molting stages, such as pre-molt and post-molt, protein concentration measured with a refractometer correlates linearly to absorbance and fluorescence measurements with the optical sensor.

Tomassetti, Brian R. A.; Vetelino, John F. [LASST, University of Maine, Orono, ME (United States)

2011-06-10

168

Signs of Duchenne  

MedlinePLUS

Signs of Duchenne If a boy has a combination of the traits listed below, he should be tested for Duchenne: Has a hard time lifting his head or ... hollow back) These are the common signs of Duchenne. Learn more about How Duchenne is Identified , or ...

169

Sign-a-Palooza  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A halo of signs, some stuffed into thick plastic sheaths while others curled under yellow tape, cluttered the service desks of the New City Library. They bleated out messages of closings, procedures, and warnings. Their number undermined their cause. All too often a customer would ask a question that was answered by the very sign they had pushed…

McMorran, Charles; Reynolds, Veronica

2010-01-01

170

Ghost Signs of Louisville  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the altogether mysterious "ghost sign?" Simply put, it is a painted advertisement on a building, most prominent prior to the 1930s. Many of these advertisements appear on brick walls in urban settings. This unique collection came out of a partnership between the University of Louisville Libraries and the school's Fine Arts department. Students in a course titled Documentary Photography explored different neighborhoods in Louisvlle, and they took over 200 photographs of various ghost signs. 122 of those images were selected for inclusion in this digital collection, and they are all available here. Visitors can browse the images at their leisure and also use the interactive map of sign collections. Some of the signs are particularly interesting, such as the H.G. Young Druggist sign and the one for the Acme Wholesale Furnace supply.

2012-05-25

171

Signs of Labor  

MedlinePLUS

... for labor > Signs of labor Get ready for labor Use a birth plan to make choices about childbirth. Take a ... of labor can help you feel ready for labor and birth. You may be close to starting labor if ...

172

Every sign of life  

E-print Network

Every Sign of Life introduces an approach to and motivational schema for personal health monitoring. It is an exploration of how to make information collected by personal health-monitoring devices fun and engaging, and ...

Gerasimov, Vadim, 1969-

2003-01-01

173

Warning Signs of Bullying  

MedlinePLUS

... to talk to kids about bullying. Respond to Bullying Learn how to respond to bullying . From stopping ... ask for help? Signs a Child is Being Bullied Look for changes in the child. However, be ...

174

Acne: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs, symptoms Who gets, causes Diagnosis, treatment Tips Acne scars Actinic keratosis Alopecia areata Atopic dermatitis Basal cell ... skin. When a nodule heals, it leaves an acne scar. Acne cyst An acne cyst forms when the ...

175

36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.16...records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those that are needed to...

2010-07-01

176

46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section... ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General. A branch circuit that supplies...

2012-10-01

177

46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section... ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General. A branch circuit that supplies...

2011-10-01

178

46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section... ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General. A branch circuit that supplies...

2014-10-01

179

46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section... ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General. A branch circuit that supplies...

2010-10-01

180

46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section... ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General. A branch circuit that supplies...

2013-10-01

181

36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.16...records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those that are needed to...

2011-07-01

182

36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.16...records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those that are needed to...

2014-07-01

183

36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.16...records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those that are needed to...

2012-07-01

184

36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.16...records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those that are needed to...

2013-07-01

185

22 CFR 92.80 - Obtaining American vital statistics records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Obtaining American vital statistics records. 92.80 Section 92.80...92.80 Obtaining American vital statistics records. Individuals who inquire...to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where...

2013-04-01

186

22 CFR 92.80 - Obtaining American vital statistics records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Obtaining American vital statistics records. 92.80 Section 92.80...92.80 Obtaining American vital statistics records. Individuals who inquire...to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where...

2010-04-01

187

22 CFR 92.80 - Obtaining American vital statistics records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Obtaining American vital statistics records. 92.80 Section 92.80...92.80 Obtaining American vital statistics records. Individuals who inquire...to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where...

2012-04-01

188

22 CFR 92.80 - Obtaining American vital statistics records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Obtaining American vital statistics records. 92.80 Section 92.80...92.80 Obtaining American vital statistics records. Individuals who inquire...to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where...

2011-04-01

189

22 CFR 92.80 - Obtaining American vital statistics records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Obtaining American vital statistics records. 92.80 Section 92.80...92.80 Obtaining American vital statistics records. Individuals who inquire...to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where...

2014-04-01

190

Skin Cancer: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... treatments Q - T Skin cancer Signs, symptoms Skin cancer: Signs and symptoms The most common warning sign ... appears in many ways. Learn more about skin cancer: Skin cancer Skin cancer: Who gets and causes ...

191

Prosthodontic treatment using vital and non vital submerged roots-two case reports.  

PubMed

Residual ridge resorption has been considered as an inevitable consequence after extraction of the teeth. There is a gradual loss of the alveolar bone due to the pattern of bone remodeling. In spite of the availability of newer treatment modalities like endodontic restoration and periodontic procedures for preservation of the remaining teeth they are not feasible for the patients in severe stages where restoration might not be possible. The only reliable method of preserving the remaining bone is by maintaining the functional health of the teeth. Over the years, many studies showed that roots which are fractured and left behind during extractions are retained into the alveolar bone with no evidence of pathosis. Over denture as a treatment option was developed in an effort to preserve the remaining alveolar bone by retaining the natural teeth or roots. In over denture treatment, the teeth selected as abutments are prone to caries and periodontal disease over a period of time, hence evolved the vital or non vital root submergence concept. After a thorough radiographic and clinical examination, few teeth without pathosis are retained that eventually are surgically submerged in the alveolar ridge. After healing, the over denture with reaining vital or non vital teeth preserve the integrity of the bone, making the treatment an effective and successfull preventive prosthodontic treatment. PMID:24298542

Shankar, Y Ravi; Srinivas, K; Surapaneni, Hemchand; Reddy, S V Sudhakar

2013-10-01

192

Computational triadic algebras of signs  

SciTech Connect

We present a finite model of Peirce`s ten classes of signs. We briefly describe Peirce`s taxonomy of signs; we prove that any finite collection of signs can be extended to a finite algebra of signs in which all interpretants are themselves being interpreted; and we argue that Peirce`s ten classes of signs can be defined using constraints on algebras of signs. The paper opens the possibility of defining multimodal cognitive agents using Peirce`s classes of signs, and is a first step towards building a computational logic of signs based on Peirce`s taxonomies.

Zadrozny, W. [T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States)

1996-12-31

193

The Meaning of Signs:  

PubMed Central

This article reconstructs the diagnostic act of the French pox in the French-disease hospital of sixteenth-century Augsburg. It focuses on how the participants in the clinical encounter imagined the configuration of the pox and its localization in the human body. Of central importance for answering this question is the early modern conception of physical signs. It has been argued that it was due to a specific understanding of bodily signs and their relationship to a disease and its causes, that disease definition and classification in the early modern period showed a high degree of flexibility and fluidity. This paper looks at how the sixteenth-century theoretical conception of physical signs not only shaped the diagnosis and treatment of the pox but also reflected the overall organization of institutions. PMID:17242549

Stein, Claudia

2006-01-01

194

The vital issues process: Strategic planning for a changing world  

SciTech Connect

The Vital Issues process (VIp) is a strategic planning tool initially developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for the Office of Foreign Intelligence (OFI)* of the US Department of Energy (DOE). It was further developed and refined through its application to a variety of strategic purposes for a range of public and semipublic organizations. The VIp provides a structured mechanism for assisting organizations in accomplishing specified objectives by identifying and prioritizing a portfolio of strategic issues, programmatic areas, or responses to a specified problem. It employs day-long panel meetings in a specified format to elicit a broad range of perspectives on a particular issue in a nonconfrontational manner and to facilitate the interaction and synthesis of diverse viewpoints on a specific topic. The VIp is unique in its incorporation of two primary approaches in each panel session: a qualitative or transactional segment, which entails the synthesis of the alternatives through negotiations or discussion, and a quantitative or net benefit maximization segment, an analytical approach, which involves prioritization of the alternatives using pairwise comparisons. This combination of facilitated group discussion and quantitative ranking provides input to strategic management decisions in the form of stakeholder-defined and -prioritized items as well as information on potential barriers to the implementation of policies and programs. This is the final volume in the series Identifying Vital Issues: New Intelligence Strategies for a New World, a three-volume set that gives an accounting of the VIp as implemented for OFI. This volume provides an in-depth description of the methodology used in the VIp.

Engi, D.; Glicken, J.

1995-05-01

195

Signing the Alphabet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson you will review several sources to help you learn the signs for each letter of the American Alphabet as well as the numbers 1 through 10. Using signs to spell individual words is known as finger spelling. It talkes lots of practice to become a good finger speller. Before we begin learning the letters, we\\'ll start with an overview of finger spelling. Use the link below to read about some facts and tips on finger spelling: Fingerspelling Quiz One of ...

Hemingway, Mark

2008-10-15

196

Stroke Warning Signs  

MedlinePLUS

THINK YOU ARE HAVING A STROKE? CALL 9-1-1 IMMEDIATELY! F.A.S.T. is an easy way to remember the sudden signs of stroke. When you ... A.S.T. PSA (opens in new window) Understanding Stroke About Stroke Why Getting Quick Treatment Is Important ...

197

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE  

E-print Network

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE /RENEWAL WEB SITE ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 www.unitir.edu.al/ ALBANIA University "Aleksander Moisiu Durres " 15.05.2010 www.uamd.edu.al/ ALBANIA Universiteti Pavaresia of Vlore 20.04.2010 www.unipavaresia.edu.al/ ALBANIA Polis Universiteti 21.03.2014 www

Di Pillo, Gianni

198

Sign Language Web Pages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Wide Web has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The…

Fels, Deborah I.; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G.

2006-01-01

199

Derivative Sign Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the patterns of signs of infinitely differentiable real functions shows that only four patterns are possible if the function is required to exhibit the pattern at all points in its domain and that domain is the set of all real numbers. On the other hand all patterns are possible if the domain is a bounded open interval.

Clark, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

200

Signing in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes British Sign Language (BSL) as a viable option for teaching science. BSL is used by a vast number of people in Britain but is seldom taught in schools or included informally alongside lessons. With its new addition of a large scientific glossary, invented to modernise the way science is taught to deaf children, BSL breaks…

Ashby, Rachael

2013-01-01

201

Handspeak: A Sign Language Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently renamed and updated, this "practical sign language online dictionary" features approximately 2,800 signs and is being added to on a regular basis. Visitors can use a search engine to find American Sign Language (ASL) signs for words or browse by an alphabetical index as well as by a limited subject index. Also included here are four fables told in sign language, a description of International Sign Language (ISL), and some brief, bullet-point discussions of SL culture and language. Note: the signs are demonstrated in stop-action GIF animation, so users need browsers that support this application.

202

Utilization of the wastes of vital activity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The recycling of wastes from the biological complex for use in life-support systems is discussed. Topics include laboratory equipment, heat treatment of waste materials, mineralization of waste products, methods for production of ammonium hydroxide and nitric acid, the extraction of sodium chloride from mineralized products, and the recovery of nutrient substances for plants from urine.

Gusarov, B. G.; Drigo, Y. A.; Novikov, V. M.; Samsonov, N. M.; Farafonov, N. S.; Chizhov, S. V.; Yazdovskiy, V. I.

1979-01-01

203

European Molecular Biology Laboratory  

E-print Network

On 10 May an Agreement was signed at CERN setting up a new European Laboratory. It will be concerned with research in molecularbiology and will be located at Heidelberg in the Federal Republic of Germany.

1973-01-01

204

New Approaches in Vital Pulp Therapy in Permanent Teeth  

PubMed Central

Vitality of dental pulp is essential for long-term tooth survival. The aim of vital pulp therapy is to maintain healthy pulp tissue by eliminating bacteria from the dentin-pulp complex. There are several different treatment options for vital pulp therapy in extensively decayed or traumatized teeth. Pulp capping or pulpotomy procedures rely upon an accurate assessment of the pulp status, and careful management of the remaining pulp tissue. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of new approaches in vital pulp therapy in permanent teeth. PMID:24396371

Ghoddusi, Jamileh; Forghani, Maryam; Parisay, Iman

2014-01-01

205

Placing subway signs Pragmatical properties of signs at work  

E-print Network

in situation these semiotics properties. Keywords Subway signs, Ethnography, Placement Work, Pragmatics traditional semiotics that generally interprets isolated signs. The work of R. Scollon and S.W. Scollon (2003

Boyer, Edmond

206

Workforce and Economic Vitality Issue Paper. Aging Initiative: Project 2030.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A public policy study in Minnesota, conducted as part of Project 2030, looked at the impacts of the aging of the baby boom generation on the work force and the economic vitality of the state by the year 2030. The study found the following general trends affecting the work force and economic vitality and noted the relation of each to the aging…

Minnesota State Dept. of Human Services, St. Paul.

207

The Vital Core Connectivity Problem Sylvia Boyd and Amy Cameron  

E-print Network

at least l-edge connected even if some or all of the secondary vertices are removed. The VCC arises at least l-edge connected even if some or all of the secondary centres are lost. We show that the VCC is, the vital core of the network (consisting of the vital centres) remains l-edge connected. We call

Boyd, Sylvia

208

An Expanded Model of Faculty Vitality in Academic Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many faculty in today's academic medical centers face high levels of stress and low career satisfaction. Understanding faculty vitality is critically important for the health of our academic medical centers, yet the concept is ill-defined and lacking a comprehensive model. Expanding on previous research that examines vital faculty in higher…

Dankoski, Mary E.; Palmer, Megan M.; Laird, Thomas F. Nelson; Ribera, Amy K.; Bogdewic, Stephen P.

2012-01-01

209

Research Vitality as Sustained Excellence: What Keeps the Plates Spinning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Research vitality addresses the perseverance that faculty members in the organization sciences experience in maintaining their research quantity and quality over an extended period of time. The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical model of research vitality. Design/methodology/approach: The authors propose a model consisting of…

Gilstrap, J. Bruce; Harvey, Jaron; Novicevic, Milorad M.; Buckley, M. Ronald

2011-01-01

210

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... treatments E - H Hidradenitis suppurativa Signs and symptoms Hidradenitis suppurativa: Signs and symptoms Hidradenitis suppurativa : In its ... suppurativa: Who gets and causes. Learn more about hidradenitis suppurativa: Hidradenitis suppurativa Hidradenitis suppurativa: Who gets and ...

211

3 CFR - Presidential Signing Statements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Presidents have issued statements addressing constitutional or other legal questions upon...use of signing statements to raise constitutional objections to statutory provisions...issuing such statements can be abused. Constitutional signing statements should not...

2010-01-01

212

Contact Dermatitis: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... treatments A - D Contact dermatitis Signs and symptoms Contact dermatitis: Signs and symptoms Allergic contact dermatitis : Testing ... these symptoms, you need immediate medical care. Allergic contact dermatitis This skin condition occurs when you have ...

213

Herpes Simplex: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... and treatments E - H Herpes simplex Signs, symptoms Herpes simplex: Signs and symptoms Herpes simplex: If a ... 6 weeks (the first outbreak) Learn more about herpes simplex: Herpes simplex Herpes simplex: Who gets and ...

214

INFINITY construction contract signed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Key state and community leaders celebrated April 6 with the signing of a construction contract for the state-of-the-art INFINITY Science Center planned near John C. Stennis Space Center in south Mississippi. Gulfport Mayor George Schloegel (l to r), chair of non-profit INFINITY Science Center Inc., was joined for the signing ceremony at the Hancock Bank in Gulfport by Virginia Wagner, sister of late Hancock Bank President Leo Seal Jr.; and Roy Anderson III, president and CEO of Roy Anderson Corp. Seal was the first chair of INFINITY Science Center Inc., which has led in development of the project. Roy Anderson Corp. plans to begin construction on the 72,000-square-foot, $28 million science and education center in May. The Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) also is set to begin construction of a $2 million access road to the new center. The April 6 ceremony was attended by numerous officials, including former Stennis Space Center Directors Jerry Hlass and Roy Estess; Mississippi Senate President Pro Tempore Billy Hewes, R-Gulfport; Mississippi Rep. Diane Peranich, D-Pass Christian; and MDOT Southern District Commissioner Wayne Brown.

2010-01-01

215

Buffering and plasticity in vital rates of oldfield rodents.  

PubMed

1. Under the hypothesis of environmental buffering, populations are expected to minimize the variance of the most influential vital rates; however, this may not be a universal principle. Species with a life span <1 year may be less likely to exhibit buffering because of temporal or seasonal variability in vital rate sensitivities. Further, plasticity in vital rates may be adaptive for species in a variable environment with reliable cues. 2. We tested for environmental buffering and plasticity in vital rates using stage-structured matrix models from long-term data sets in four species of grassland rodents. We used periodic matrices to estimate stochastic elasticity for each vital rate and then tested for correlations with a standardized coefficient of variation for each rate. 3. We calculated stochastic elasticities for individual months to test for an association between increased reproduction and the influence of reproduction, relative to survival, on the population growth rate. 4. All species showed some evidence of buffering. The elasticity of vital rates of Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque, 1818), Sigmodon hispidus Say & Ord, 1825 and Microtus ochrogaster (Wagner, 1842) was negatively related to vital rate CV. Elasticity and vital rate CV were negatively related in Peromyscus maniculatus (Wagner, 1845), but the relationship was not statistically significant. Peromyscus leucopus and M. ochrogaster showed plasticity in vital rates; reproduction was higher following months where elasticity for reproduction exceeded that of survival. 5. Our results suggest that buffering is common in species with fast life histories; however, some populations that exhibit buffering are capable of responding to short-term variability in environmental conditions through reproductive plasticity. PMID:22375923

Reed, Aaron W; Slade, Norman A

2012-09-01

216

Ergonomics and design: traffic sign and street name sign.  

PubMed

This work proposes a design methodology using ergonomics and anthropometry concepts applied to traffic sign and street name sign projects. Initially, a literature revision on cognitive ergonomics and anthropometry is performed. Several authors and their design methodologies are analyzed and the aspects to be considered in projects of traffic and street name signs are selected and other specific aspects are proposed for the design methodology. A case study of the signs of "Street of Antiques" in Porto Alegre city is presented. To do that, interviews with the population are made to evaluate the current situation of signs. After that, a new sign proposal with virtual prototyping is done using the developed methodology. The results obtained with new interviews about the proposal show the user satisfaction and the importance of cognitive ergonomics to development of this type of urban furniture. PMID:22316934

Moroni, Janaina Luisa da Silva; Aymone, José Luís Farinatti

2012-01-01

217

Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly Patients were six times more ... 21, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Emergency Medical Services Stroke FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke outcomes ...

218

[The vitalism of Paul-Joseph Barthez (1734-1806)].  

PubMed

In The Logic of Life (1970), Francois Jacob (1920- ), Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (1965), proclaimed the end of vitalism based on the concept of life. More than two decades before this capital sentence condemning vitalism was pronounced, Georges Canguilhem (1904-1995), a French philosopher of medicine, already acknowledged that eighteenth-century vitalism was scientifically retrograde and politically reactionary or counter-revolutionary insofar as it was rooted in the animism of Georg Ernst Stahl (1660-1734). The negative preconception of the term 'vitalism' came to be established as an orthodox view, since Claude Bernard (1813-1878) unfairly criticized contemporary vitalism in order to propagate his idea of experimental medicine. An eminent evolutionary biologist like Ernst Mayr (1904-2005) still defended similar views in This is Biology (1997), arguing that if vitalists were decisive and convincing in their rejection of the Cartesian model (negative heuristics), however they were equally indecisive and unconvincing in their own explanatory endeavors (positive heuristics). Historically speaking, vitalists came to the forefront for their outstanding criticism of Cartesian mechanism and physicochemical reductionism, while their innovative concepts and theories were underestimated and received much less attention. Is it true that vitalism was merely a pseudo-science, representing a kind of romanticism or mysticism in biomedical science? Did vitalists lack any positive heuristics in their biomedical research? Above all, what was actually the so.called 'vitalism'? This paper aims to reveal the positive heuristics of vitalism defined by Paul.Joseph Barthez (1734-1806) who was the founder of the vitalist school of Montpellier. To this end, his work and idea are introduced with regard to the vying doctrines in physiology and medicine. At the moment when he taught at the medical school of Montpellier, his colleagues advocated the mechanism of Rene Descartes (1596-1650), the iatromechanism of Herman Boerhaave (1668-1738), the iatrochemistry of Jan Baptist van Helmont (1579-1644), the animism of Stahl, and the organicism of Theophile de Bordeu (1722-1776). On the contrary, Barthez devoted himself to synthesize diverse doctrines and his vitalism consequently illustrated an eclectic character. Always taking a skeptical standpoint regarding the capacity of biomedical science, he defined his famous concept of 'vital principle (principe vital)' as the 'x (unknown variable)' of physiology. He argued that the hypothetical concept of vital principle referred to the 'experimental cause (cause experimentale)' verifiable by positive science. Thus, the vital principle was not presupposed as an a priori regulative principle. It was an a posteriori heuristic principle resulting from several experiments. The 'positivist hypothetism' of Barthez demonstrates not only pragmatism but also positivism in his scientific terminology. Furthermore, Barthez established a guideline for clinical practice according to his own methodological principles. It can be characterized as a 'humanist pragmatism' for the reason that all sort of treatments were permitted as far as they were beneficial to the patient. Theoretical incoherence or incommensurability among different treatments did not matter to Barthez. His practical strategy for clinical medicine consisted of three principles: namely, the natural, analytic, and empirical method. This formulation is indebted to the 'analytic method (methode analytique)' of the French empiricist philosopher Etienne Bonnot de Condillac (1714-1780). In conclusion, the eighteenth.century French vitalism conceived by Barthez pursued pragmatism in general, positivism in methodology, and humanism in clinics. PMID:20671403

Han, Hee Jin

2010-06-30

219

Correcting vital information: estimating infant mortality, Brazil, 2000-2009  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To propose a simplified method of correcting vital information and estimating the coefficient of infant mortality in Brazil. METHODS Vital data in the information systems on mortality and live births were corrected using correction factors, estimated based on events not reported to the Brazilian Ministry of Health and obtained by active search. This simplified method for correcting vital information for the period 2000-2009 for Brazil and its federal units establishes the level of adequacy of information on deaths and live births by calculating the overall coefficient of mortality standardized by age and the ratio between reported and expected live births, respectively, in each Brazilian municipality. By applying correction factors to the number of deaths and live births reported in each county, the vital statistics were corrected, making it possible to estimate the coefficient of infant mortality. RESULTS The highest correction factors were related to infant deaths, reaching values higher than 7 for municipalities with very precarious mortality information. For deaths and live births, the correction factors exhibit a decreasing gradient as indicators of adequacy of the vital information improve. For the year 2008, the vital information corrected by the simplified method per state were similar to those obtained in the research of active search. Both the birth rate and the infant mortality rate decreased in the period in all Brazilian regions. In the Northeast, the annual rate of decline was 6.0%, the highest in Brazil (4.7%). CONCLUSIONS The active search of deaths and births allowed correction factors to be calculated by level of adequacy of mortality information and live births. The simplified method proposed here allowed vital information to be corrected per state for the period 2000-2009 and the progress of the coefficient of infant mortality in Brazil, its regions and states to be assessed. PMID:24626543

de Frias, Paulo Germano; Szwarcwald, Célia Landmann; de Souza, Paulo Roberto Borges; de Almeida, Wanessa da Silva; Lira, Pedro Israel Cabral

2013-01-01

220

Vital effects in coccolith calcite: Cenozoic climate-pCO2 drove the diversity of carbon acquisition strategies in coccolithophores?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coccoliths, calcite plates produced by the marine phytoplankton coccolithophores, have previously shown a large array of carbon and oxygen stable isotope fractionations (termed "vital effects"), correlated to cell size and hypothesized to reflect the varying importance of active carbon acquisition strategies. Culture studies show a reduced range of vital effects between large and small coccolithophores under high CO2, consistent with previous observations of a smaller range of interspecific vital effects in Paleocene coccoliths. We present new fossil data examining coccolithophore vital effects over three key Cenozoic intervals reflecting changing climate and atmospheric partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2). Oxygen and carbon stable isotopes of size-separated coccolith fractions dominated by different species from well preserved Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM, ˜56 Ma) samples show reduced interspecific differences within the greenhouse boundary conditions of the PETM. Conversely, isotope data from the Plio-Pleistocene transition (PPT; 3.5-2 Ma) and the last glacial maximum (LGM; ˜22 ka) show persistent vital effects of ˜2‰. PPT and LGM data show a clear positive trend between coccolith (cell) size and isotopic enrichment in coccolith carbonate, as seen in laboratory cultures. On geological timescales, the degree of expression of vital effects in coccoliths appears to be insensitive topCO2 changes over the range ˜350 ppm (Pliocene) to ˜180 ppm (LGM). The modern array of coccolith vital effects arose after the PETM but before the late Pliocene and may reflect the operation of more diverse carbon acquisition strategies in coccolithophores in response to decreasing Cenozoic pCO2.

Bolton, Clara T.; Stoll, Heather M.; Mendez-Vicente, Ana

2012-12-01

221

Symmetry in Sign Language Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the range of ways that sign languages use geometric symmetry temporally and spatially to create poetic effect. Poets use this symmetry in sign language art to highlight duality and thematic contrast, and to create symbolic representations of beauty, order and harmony. (Contains 8 tables, 14 figures and 6 notes.)

Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Kaneko, Michiko

2007-01-01

222

Signing Apes and Evolving Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linguistics retains from its antecedents, philology and the study of sacred writings, some of their apologetic and theological bias. Thus it has not been able to face squarely the question how linguistic function may have evolved from animal communication. Chimpanzees' use of signs from American Sign Language forces re-examination of language…

Stokoe, William C.

223

36 CFR 1223.24 - When can vital records be destroyed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...24 Section 1223.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.24 When can vital records be destroyed? The disposition of vital...

2010-07-01

224

36 CFR 1223.24 - When can vital records be destroyed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...24 Section 1223.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.24 When can vital records be destroyed? The disposition of vital...

2012-07-01

225

36 CFR 1223.24 - When can vital records be destroyed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...24 Section 1223.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.24 When can vital records be destroyed? The disposition of vital...

2013-07-01

226

36 CFR 1223.24 - When can vital records be destroyed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...24 Section 1223.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.24 When can vital records be destroyed? The disposition of vital...

2011-07-01

227

36 CFR 1223.24 - When can vital records be destroyed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...24 Section 1223.24 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.24 When can vital records be destroyed? The disposition of vital...

2014-07-01

228

Automatic Recognition of Road Signs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increase in traffic accidents is becoming a serious social problem with the recent rapid traffic increase. In many cases, the driver"s carelessness is the primary factor of traffic accidents, and the driver assistance system is demanded for supporting driver"s safety. In this research, we propose the new method of automatic detection and recognition of road signs by image processing. The purpose of this research is to prevent accidents caused by driver"s carelessness, and call attention to a driver when the driver violates traffic a regulation. In this research, high accuracy and the efficient sign detecting method are realized by removing unnecessary information except for a road sign from an image, and detect a road sign using shape features. At first, the color information that is not used in road signs is removed from an image. Next, edges except for circular and triangle ones are removed to choose sign shape. In the recognition process, normalized cross correlation operation is carried out to the two-dimensional differentiation pattern of a sign, and the accurate and efficient method for detecting the road sign is realized. Moreover, the real-time operation in a software base was realized by holding down calculation cost, maintaining highly precise sign detection and recognition. Specifically, it becomes specifically possible to process by 0.1 sec(s)/frame using a general-purpose PC (CPU: Pentium4 1.7GHz). As a result of in-vehicle experimentation, our system could process on real time and has confirmed that detection and recognition of a sign could be performed correctly.

Inoue, Yasuo; Kohashi, Yuuichirou; Ishikawa, Naoto; Nakajima, Masato

2002-11-01

229

Emergency Medical Service and In-Hospital Vital Signs as Predictors of Subsequent PTSD Symptom Severity in Pediatric Injury Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The present study investigated the extent to which heart rate (HR) levels soon after a traumatic event predicted posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity assessed 6 weeks and 6 months later in child trauma victims. Methods: Participants consisted of 82 children (56 boys, 26 girls) aged 8-18 who were admitted to a…

Nugent, Nicole R.; Christopher, Norman C.; Delahanty, Douglas L.

2006-01-01

230

Vital Signs: Fatalities and Binge Drinking Among High School Students: A Critical Issue to Emergency Departments and Trauma Centers  

PubMed Central

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published significant data and trends related to drinking and driving among United States (U.S.) high school students. National data from 1991–2011 shows an overall 54% relative decrease (from 22% to 10.3%) in drinking and driving among U.S. high school students aged ? 16 years. In 2011, this still represents approximately 950,000 high school students ages 16–19 years. The decrease in drinking and driving among teens is not fully understood, but is believed to be due to policy developments, enforcement of laws, graduated licenses, and economic impacts. Most significant to emergency physicians is that even with these restrictions, in 2010 approximately 2,700 teens (ages 16–19) were killed in the U.S. and about 282,000 were treated and released from emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor-vehicle accidents. In the same year, 1 in 5 drivers between the ages of 16–19 who were involved in fatal crashes had positive (>0.00%) blood alcohol concentration (BAC). We present findings from the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report with commentary on current recommendations and policies for reducing drinking and driving among adolescents. PMID:23687547

Cisneros, Victor; Chakravarthy, Bharath

2013-01-01

231

Real-Time Detection and Tracking of Vital Signs with an Ambulatory Subject Using Millimeter-Wave Interferometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finding a subject's heart rate from a distance without any contact is a difficult and very practical problem. This kind of technology would allow more comfortable patient monitoring in hospitals or in home settings. It would also allow another level of security screening, as a person's heart rate increases in stressful situations, such as when lying or hiding malicious intent. In addition, the fact that the heart rate is obtained remotely means that the subject would not have to know he/she is being monitored at all, adding to the efficacy of the measurement. Using millimeter-wave interferometry, a signal can be obtained that contains composite chest wall motion made up of component motions due to cardiac activity, respiration, and interference. To be of use, these components have to be separated from each other by signal processing. To do this, the quadrature and in-phase components of the received signal are analyzed to get a displacement waveform. After that, processing can be done on that waveform in either the time or frequency domains to find the individual heartbeats. The first method is to find the power spectrum of the displacement waveform and to look for peaks corresponding to heartbeats and respiration. Another approach is to examine the signal in the time domain using wavelets for multiresolution analysis. One more method involves studying the statistics of the wavelet-processed signal. The final method uses a heartbeat model along with probabilistic processing to find heartbeats. For any of the above methods to work, the millimeter-wave sensor has to be accurately pointed at the subject's chest. However, even small subject motions can render the rest of the gathered data useless as the antenna may have lost its aim. To combat this, a color and a depth camera are used with a servo-pan/tilt base. My program finds a face in the image and subsequently tracks that face through upcoming frames. The pan/tilt base adjusts the aim of the antenna depending on the subject's position. This makes the entire system self-aiming and also allows the subject to move to a new location and to have data acquisition continue.

Mikhelson, Ilya V.

232

Ecological thresholds as a basis for defining management triggers for National Park Service vital signs: case studies for dryland ecosystems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Threshold concepts are used in research and management of ecological systems to describe and interpret abrupt and persistent reorganization of ecosystem properties (Walker and Meyers, 2004; Groffman and others, 2006). Abrupt change, referred to as a threshold crossing, and the progression of reorganization can be triggered by one or more interactive disturbances such as land-use activities and climatic events (Paine and others, 1998). Threshold crossings occur when feedback mechanisms that typically absorb forces of change are replaced with those that promote development of alternative equilibria or states (Suding and others, 2004; Walker and Meyers, 2004; Briske and others, 2008). The alternative states that emerge from a threshold crossing vary and often exhibit reduced ecological integrity and value in terms of management goals relative to the original or reference system. Alternative stable states with some limited residual properties of the original system may develop along the progression after a crossing; an eventual outcome may be the complete loss of pre-threshold properties of the original ecosystem. Reverting to the more desirable reference state through ecological restoration becomes increasingly difficult and expensive along the progression gradient and may eventually become impossible. Ecological threshold concepts have been applied as a heuristic framework and to aid in the management of rangelands (Bestelmeyer, 2006; Briske and others, 2006, 2008), aquatic (Scheffer and others, 1993; Rapport and Whitford 1999), riparian (Stringham and others, 2001; Scott and others, 2005), and forested ecosystems (Allen and others, 2002; Digiovinazzo and others, 2010). These concepts are also topical in ecological restoration (Hobbs and Norton 1996; Whisenant 1999; Suding and others, 2004; King and Hobbs, 2006) and ecosystem sustainability (Herrick, 2000; Chapin and others, 1996; Davenport and others, 1998). Achieving conservation management goals requires the protection of resources within the range of desired conditions (Cook and others, 2010). The goal of conservation management for natural resources in the U.S. National Park System is to maintain native species and habitat unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. Achieving this goal requires, in part, early detection of system change and timely implementation of remediation. The recent National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring program (NPS I&M) was established to provide early warning of declining ecosystem conditions relative to a desired native or reference system (Fancy and others, 2009). To be an effective tool for resource protection, monitoring must be designed to alert managers of impending thresholds so that preventive actions can be taken. This requires an understanding of the ecosystem attributes and processes associated with threshold-type behavior; how these attributes and processes become degraded; and how risks of degradation vary among ecosystems and in relation to environmental factors such as soil properties, climatic conditions, and exposure to stressors. In general, the utility of the threshold concept for long-term monitoring depends on the ability of scientists and managers to detect, predict, and prevent the occurrence of threshold crossings associated with persistent, undesirable shifts among ecosystem states (Briske and others, 2006). Because of the scientific challenges associated with understanding these factors, the application of threshold concepts to monitoring designs has been very limited to date (Groffman and others, 2006). As a case in point, the monitoring efforts across the 32 NPS I&M networks were largely designed with the knowledge that they would not be used to their full potential until the development of a systematic method for understanding threshold dynamics and methods for estimating key attributes of threshold crossings. This report describes and demonstrates a generalized approach that we implemented to formalize understanding and estimating of threshold dynamics for terrestrial dryland ecosystems in nationa

Bowker, Matthew A.; Miller, Mark E.; Belote, R. Travis; Garman, Steven L.

2013-01-01

233

Abstract--During medical procedures, such as surgery, a patient's vital signs are typically monitored using a web of  

E-print Network

and displayed on a laptop computer. I. INTRODUCTION n the ambulance, the operating room, and the intensive care monitoring systems [2-5], and electrode technology for skinless contacts [6-8]. However, neither approach can interaction to either place or determine the appropriate electrodes to use. Mobile monitoring systems still

Ma, Hongshen

234

A Review on Vital Pulp Therapy in Primary Teeth  

PubMed Central

Maintaining deciduous teeth in function until their natural exfoliation is absolutely necessary. Vital pulp therapy (VPT) is a way of saving deciduous teeth. The most important factors in success of VPT are the early diagnosis of pulp and periradicular status, preservation of the pulp vitality and proper vascularization of the pulp. Development of new biomaterials with suitable biocompatibility and seal has changed the attitudes towards preserving the reversible pulp in cariously exposed teeth. Before exposure and irreversible involvement of the pulp, indirect pulp capping (IPC) is the treatment of choice, but after the spread of inflammation within the pulp chamber and establishment of irreversible pulpitis, removal of inflamed pulp tissue is recommended. In this review, new concepts in preservation of the healthy pulp tissue in deciduous teeth and induction of the reparative dentin formation with new biomaterials instead of devitalization and the consequent destruction of vital tissues are discussed. PMID:25598803

Parisay, Iman; Ghoddusi, Jamileh; Forghani, Maryam

2015-01-01

235

Mechanical insufflation/exsufflation improves vital capacity in neuromuscular disorders.  

PubMed

Inherited neuromuscular disorders inevitably result in severe lung volume restriction associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the long-term effects of the regular use of mechanical insufflation/exsufflation on the course of the vital capacity. This retrospective data analysis included 21 patients (16.1 ± 6.5 years) with neuromuscular disorders and severe lung volume restriction using nocturnal noninvasive ventilation. The patients were advised to regularly use the mechanical insufflation/exsufflation twice a day for 10 minutes applying sets of three insufflation/exsufflation breath via face mask irrespective of respiratory tract infection. Data on the course of vital capacity were collected 2 years prior and 2 years after the introduction of regular use of mechanical insufflation/exsufflation. Before the introduction of mechanical insufflation/exsufflation vital capacity decreased from 0.71 ± 0.38 L to 0.50 ± 0.24 L in the last year and from 0.88 ± 0.45 L to 0.71 ± 0.38 L in the next to last year. In the first year, after regular use of mechanical insufflation/exsufflation vital capacity significantly increased by 28% (from 0.50 L to 0.64 L)-after the second year the vital capacity increase remained stable (0.64 vs. 0.65 L). These data suggest that the regular use of mechanical insufflation/exsufflation improves vital capacity in patients with neuromuscular disorders and severe lung volume restriction. PMID:25472495

Stehling, Florian; Bouikidis, Anastasios; Schara, Ulrike; Mellies, Uwe

2015-02-01

236

Vital satisfaction as a health indicator in elderly women.  

PubMed

The long life expentancy of the elderly motivates interest in their quality of life. Our study analyzes vital satisfaction as a global indicator of the three dimensions (physical, mental, and social) of the quality of life in relation to health. The subjects were 310 women, with an average age of 71.22 years old (SD 6.72), with minimum education, and active aging. The reliability was examined with the COOP-WONCA Charts and the Nottingham Health Profile. The results show that vital satisfaction significantly correlates with the three dimensions of health, in particular with the mental domain. PMID:20391145

Requena, Carmen; Martínez, Ana Maria; Ortiz, Tomás

2010-01-01

237

Signs and Symptoms of COPD  

MedlinePLUS

... Why is shortness of breath a symptom of COPD? Shortness of breath (or breathlessness ) is a common ... better or worse. Signs and Symptoms of COPD COPD MINI-SERIES #2 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ...

238

Poison Ivy: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Media contacts Public service advertisements Stats and facts Gold Triangle Awards Stories and news News releases Press ... or a few days. If you have a reaction to the oil, you can have these signs ( ...

239

Diagnosing Dementia—Positive Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Diagnosing Dementia—Positive Signs Past Issues / Fall 2007 Table of ... easy, affordable blood test that could accurately diagnose Alzheimer's disease (AD)—even before symptoms began to show? Researchers ...

240

xdamp: An IDL{reg_sign}-based Data Manipulation Program  

SciTech Connect

The original DAMP (DAta Manipulation Program) was written by Mark Hedemann of Sandia National Laboratories and used the CA-DISSPLA{trademark} (available from Computer Associates International, Inc., Garden City, NY) graphics package as its engine. It was used to plot, modify, and otherwise manipulate the one-dimensional data waveforms (data vs time) from a wide variety of accelerators. With the waning of CA-DISSPLA and the increasing popularity of UNIX{reg_sign}-based workstations, a replacement was needed. This package uses the IDL{reg_sign} software, available from Research Systems Incorporated in Boulder, Colorado, as the engine, and creates a set of widgets to manipulate the data in a manner similar to the original DAMP. IDL is currently supported on a wide variety of UNIX platforms such as IBM{reg_sign} workstations, Hewlett Packard workstations, SUN{reg_sign} workstations, Microsoft{reg_sign} Windows{trademark} computers, Macintosh{reg_sign} computers and Digital Equipment Corporation VMS{reg_sign} systems. Thus, this program should be portable across many platforms. We have verified operation, albeit with some IDL bugs, on IBM UNIX platforms, DEC Alpha systems, HP 9000/7OO series workstations, and Macintosh computers, both regular and PowerPC{trademark} versions.

Ballard, W.P.

1995-04-01

241

Curiosity-driven `Blue Sky' Research: a threatened vital activity?  

E-print Network

Curiosity-driven `Blue Sky' Research: a threatened vital activity? Sir John Cadogan Inaugural BY NC SA 2.0] via Flickr; `Airbus A380 at SFO' By Todd Lapin [CC BY NC 2.0] via Flickr; Alexander Fleming (1881-1955)' via ArtiFact; `MRI' By Liz West [CC BY2.0] via Wikipedia Commons; Page 1: `Treatment

Grant, P. W.

242

Social Security: Strengthening a Vital Safety Net for Latinos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1935, Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans who cannot work because of age or disability. This safety net has been especially critical for Americans of Latino decent, who number more than 50 million or nearly one out of every six Americans. Social Security is critical to Latinos because it is much more…

Cruz, Jeff

2012-01-01

243

Cosmologicopolitics: The Transcendental Economy of the Vital Meets Biopower  

Microsoft Academic Search

If political discourse is, as Clausewitz would have it, a discourse of war by other, if it is infused with an imagery of death and violence, it is also infused with an imagery of vitality, of fecundity, of life itself. Nor does it always rest with well-tried metaphors of the \\

James D. Faubion

244

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy  

E-print Network

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy Bryan Martin, The Colorado Mountain Club #12;Colorado's Recreation Economy The Colorado Mountain Club · 8,000 Members · 14 Chapters's Recreation Economy By the Numbers · $10 Billion Annually · 107,000 Jobs · $500 Million in State Tax Revenue

245

From cancer gene expression data to simple vital rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microarray gene expression profiling technology generates huge high-dimensional data. Finding analysis techniques that can cope with such data characteristics is crucial in Bioinformatics. This paper proposes a variation of an ensemble learning approach combined with a clustering technique to extract “simple” and yet “vital” rules from genomic data. The paper describes the approach and evaluates it on cancer gene expression

Rattikorn Hewett; Ali Goksu; Soma Datta

2006-01-01

246

Dental pulp vitality measurement based on multiwavelength photoplethysmography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observation of the intradental blood supply is important in cases of dental trauma, but difficult. As the methods used by dentists to measure pulp vitality are not very reliable, a dental pulp vitalometer based on fiberoptic reflectance measurement and measurement of the absorption of blood has been designed and built. In addition to the fiber optic probe and reflectance sensor electronics, the vitalometer includes a data acquisition card, a PC and data processing programs. The thick dentin and enamel layers and the small amount of blood in a tooth are major problems for optical measurement of its vitality, and scattered light from the enamel and the dentin surrounding the pulpa also causes a problem in measurements based on reflectance. These problems are assessed here by means of theoretical models and calculations. The advantage of reflectance measurement is that only one probe is used, which is easy to put against the tooth. Thus measurements are simple to make. Three wavelengths (560 nm, 650 nm, 850 nm) are used to measure photoplethysmographic signals, and these should allow the oxygen saturation of the blood in a tooth to be measured as well in the future. Series of measurements have been performed on vital and non-vital teeth by recording photoplethysmographic signals, using the vitalometer and using a commercial laser-Doppler instrument. Verifications of the laser-Doppler and vitalometer results are presented and deduced here.

Sarkela, Ville; Kopola, Harri K.; Oikarinen, Kyosti; Herrala, Esko

1995-01-01

247

Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography  

E-print Network

Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography Gangjun Liu1 hasbeenacceptedin forensics sincethenineteenth century, and the fingerprint has become one of the most widely used biometric characteristics. Most of the modern fingerprint recognition systems are based on the print pattern

Rose, Michael R.

248

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Economic Contribution of Museums in  

E-print Network

on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation. Minnesota museums are diverse. Minnesota hosts history museums (manyEXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Economic Contribution of Museums in Minnesota A REPORT, Professor, University of Minnesota Department of Forest Resources, and Director, Tourism Center Bruce Sorte

Amin, S. Massoud

249

Formal Specification and Validation of a Vital Communication Protocol ?  

E-print Network

Formal Specification and Validation of a Vital Communication Protocol ? A. Cimatti 1 , P understandable also by software developers which were not expert in formal methods. Finally, the specification Pescatori 35, Genova, Italy pieraccini@ansaldo.it Abstract. Formal methods have a great potential

Sebastiani, Roberto

250

California Department of Public Health Vital Records MS 5103  

E-print Network

-7410 (916) 445-2684 www.cdph.ca.gov CA Relay: 711/1-800-735-2929 Vital Records maintains California divorce "Application for Certified Copy of Divorce Record" (VS 113- B). 2) $14 fee per copy requested. Complete's offices cannot be transferred to our office. How to Obtain Certified Copies of Divorce Records January 1

251

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2011-07-01

252

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2012-07-01

253

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2014-07-01

254

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2013-07-01

255

Differential diagnosis of leukocoria and strabismus, first presenting signs of retinoblastoma  

PubMed Central

Leukocoria in infants is always a danger signal as retinoblastoma, a malignant retinal tumor, is responsible for half of the cases in this age group. More common signs should also be considered suspicious until proved otherwise, such as strabismus, the second most frequent sign of retinoblastoma. Less frequent manifestations are inflammatory conditions resistant to treatment, hypopyon, orbital cellulitis, hyphema or heterochromia. Other causal pathologies, including persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV), Coats’ disease, ocular toxocariasis or retinopathy of prematurity, may also manifest the same warning signs and require specialized differential diagnosis. Members of the immediate family circle are most likely to notice the first signs, the general practitioner, pediatrician or general ophthalmologist the first to be consulted. On their attitude will depend the final outcome of this vision and life-threatening disease. Early diagnosis is vital. PMID:19668520

Balmer, Aubin; Munier, Francis

2007-01-01

256

Skin signs in anorexia nervosa  

PubMed Central

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among adolescent females and young women. AN is associated with severe medical and psychological consequences, including death, osteoporosis, growth delay, and developmental delay. Skin signs are almost always detectable in severe AN and awareness of them may help in the early diagnosis of hidden AN. Skin signs are the expression of the medical consequences of starvation, vomiting, abuse of drugs, such as laxatives and diuretics, and of the psychiatric morbidity. They include xerosis, lanugo-like body hair, telogen effluvium, carotenoderma, acne, hyperpigmentation, seborrhoeic dermatitis, acrocyanosis, perniosis, petechiae, livedo reticularis, interdigital intertrigo, paronychia, acquired striae distensae, acral coldness. The most characteristic cutaneous sign of vomiting is Russell’s sign (knuckle calluses). Symptoms due to laxative or diuretic abuse include adverse reactions by drugs. Symptoms due to psychiatric morbidity (artefacta) include the consequences of self-induced trauma. The role of the dermatologist in the management of eating disorders is to make an early diagnosis of the “hidden” signs of eating disorders in patients who tend to minimize or deny their disorder. PMID:20808514

2009-01-01

257

Signed Networks in Social Media  

E-print Network

Relations between users on social media sites often reflect a mixture of positive (friendly) and negative (antagonistic) interactions. In contrast to the bulk of research on social networks that has focused almost exclusively on positive interpretations of links between people, we study how the interplay between positive and negative relationships affects the structure of on-line social networks. We connect our analyses to theories of signed networks from social psychology. We find that the classical theory of structural balance tends to capture certain common patterns of interaction, but that it is also at odds with some of the fundamental phenomena we observe --- particularly related to the evolving, directed nature of these on-line networks. We then develop an alternate theory of status that better explains the observed edge signs and provides insights into the underlying social mechanisms. Our work provides one of the first large-scale evaluations of theories of signed networks using on-line datasets, as ...

Leskovec, Jure; Kleinberg, Jon

2010-01-01

258

Specification of a Video Test Imagery Library (VITAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB) is part of the Home Office. Amongst its other work, PSDB evaluates intelligent CCTV and vision-based detection systems (VBDS) for security and policing purposes. The principle aims of VITAL are to produce a collection of CCTV images that can be used to evaluate the performance of VBDS and also to provide typical real-world footage for research groups to use in their development programmes.

Botten, Richard R.; Baker, Donna

2004-12-01

259

Animated American Sign Language Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Randy Stine, an ASL enthusiast, this site is designed to help users learn about ASL and the Deaf community. The heart of the site is the Dictionary, a collection of basic words that are signed in a brief video sequence, a simple, but very clever idea. The Dictionary also contains the signs for A to Z and 0 to 9. Users will also find a large number of resources for and about the Deaf community. These include related links, articles, services, and non-profit agencies.

260

Strengthening ecological mindfulness through hybrid learning in vital coalitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution a key policy `tool' used in the Dutch Environmental Education and Learning for Sustainability Policy framework is introduced as a means to develop a sense of place and associated ecological mindfulness. The key elements of this tool, called the vital coalition, are described while an example of its use in practice, is analysed using a form of reflexive monitoring and evaluation. The example focuses on a multi-stakeholder learning process around the transformation of a somewhat sterile pre-school playground into an intergenerational green place suitable for play, discovery and engagement. Our analysis of the policy-framework and the case leads us to pointing out the importance of critical interventions at so-called tipping points within the transformation process and a discussion of the potential of hybrid learning in vital coalitions in strengthening ecological mindfulness. This paper does not focus on establishing an evidence base for the causality between this type of learning and a change in behavior or mindfulness among participants as a result contributing to a vital coalition but rather focusses on the conditions, processes and interventions that allow for such learning to take place in the first place.

Sol, Jifke; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2014-06-01

261

Astrological birth signs in suicide: hypothesis or speculation?  

PubMed

Astrology is no longer regarded as a science by many, because its claims are almost impossible to test empirically in controlled laboratory conditions and it can not meet the scientific need to be reproducible. However, the majority of those who read their 'star signs' can identify aspects of their personality in what they read and it is possible that this may influence their attitudes and actions. The literature has neglected astrological signs as a possible predictor of suicide ideation. To see whether astrological birth signs are associated with suicide and the method used, data was collected from the Public Health Department in North Cheshire representing all the Cheshire Coroner's verdicts of suicide, and open verdicts, in all deceased aged 60 and above between 1989 and 2000. The observed occurrence of deaths due to natural causes, and suicide, in relation to birth signs did not differ significantly from what would be expected from chance. However, the distribution of suicide by hanging appeared significantly higher in those with a birth sign of Virgo and lowest in Sagittarius and Scorpio. The distribution of violent and non-violent suicides in relation to star signs showed higher occurences of violent death in persons born in the summer months. PMID:12741653

Salib, Emad

2003-04-01

262

Laboratory inspection follow up required Laboratory inspection completed  

E-print Network

and used properly Biological safety cabinets located away from doors and heavily traveled areas and other present Biosafety documentation present (ECP, Protocols, HBV Docs, etc.) Biological cabinets certified Vegas LABORATORY SAFETY INSPECTION CHECKLIST To be completed and signed by the Laboratory Supervisor

Hemmers, Oliver

263

Divided attention in a reaction time index of traffic sign perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory studies of traffic sign perception have often neglected to duplicate the divided attention demands of the driving task, even though it has been suggested that the inclusion of a loading task would increase the validity of such research. The present experiment examined the need for this division of attention by requiring subjects to identify traffic sign messages while performing

Frank J. Testin; Robert E. Dewar

1981-01-01

264

Signs of Life on Venus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for "habitable zones" in extrasolar planetary systems is based on the premise of "normal" physical conditions in a habitable zone, i.e. pressure, temperature range, and atmospheric composition similar to those on the Earth. However, one should not exclude completely the possibility of the existence of life at relatively high temperatures, despite the fact that at the first glance it seems impossible. The planet Venus with its dense, hot (735 K), oxigenless CO2 - atmosphere and high 92 bar-pressure at the surface could be the natural laboratory for the studies of this type. Amid exoplanets, celestial bodies with the physical conditions similar to the Venusian can be met. The only existing data of actual close-in observations of Venus' surface are the results of a series of missions of the soviet VENERA landers which took place the 1970's and 80's in the atmosphere and on the surface of Venus. For 36 and 29 years since these missions, respectively, I repeatedly returned to the obtained images of the Venus' surface in order to reveal on them any unusual objects observed in the real conditions of Venus. The new analysis of the Venus' panoramas was based on the search of unusual elements in two ways. Since the efficiency of the VENERA landers maintained for a long time they produced a large number of primary television panoramas during the lander's work. Thus, one can try to detect: (a) any differences in successive images (appearance or disappearance of parts of the image or change of their shape), and understand what these changes are related to (e.g., wind), and whether they are related to hypothetical habitability of a planet. Another sign (b) of the wanted object is their morphological peculiarities which distinguishes them from the ordinary surface details. The results of VENERA-9 (1975) and VENERA -13 (1982) are of the main interest. A few relatively large objects ranging from a decimeter to half meter and with unusual morphology were observed in some images, but were absent in the other or altered their shape. What sources of energy, in principle, could be used by life in the high temperature oxigenless atmosphere? The objects found are large enough, they are not micro-organisms. It is most natural to assume that, like on Earth, Venusian fauna is heterotrophic, and the source of its life is hypothetical autotrophic flora. There is enough light for flora's photosynthesis. Since the critical temperature of water on Venus is about 320°C and the temperature at the surface is about 460°C, the metabolism of organisms on Venus (if any) should be built without water, on the basis of some other liquid medium. Based on data analyzed it has been suggested that because of the limited energy capacity of the Venusian fauna, the temporal characteristics of their physical actions can be much longer than that of the Earth.

Ksanfomality, L.

2012-04-01

265

Skin Signs in Anorexia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Eating disorders are becoming an epidemic in Europe, particularly among young women, but European studies concerning this topic are few. In eating disorders, significant medical complications occur in all of the primary human organ systems, including the skin. Objective: The purpose of this study was to improve the knowledge of skin signs in anorexia nervosa (AN) and verify whether

R. Strumìa; E. Varotti; E. Manzato; M. Gualandi

2001-01-01

266

What Do the Signs Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students progress through primary school, they are introduced to a growing collection of notation and symbols. From a teaching perspective, before introducing new mathematical symbols it is important to consider the role they play. If students cannot see a meaningful relationship between these signs and symbols and mathematical concepts, coming…

Heath, Bryony

2010-01-01

267

How informed is signed consent?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assurance that patients fully understand the information given to them before they sign the consent form for operation has never been validated in this country. One hundred patients were interviewed by an independent medical observer in one surgical unit in a teaching hospital between two and five days after their operation. Although all the patients interviewed were fully aware

D J Byrne; A Napier; A Cuschieri

1988-01-01

268

Signing Shakespeare: Romeo Loves Juliet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A language arts teacher of junior high students with deafness or hearing impairments familiarized her students with "Romeo and Juliet" by telling the story in speech and signs, exploring the characters's personalities, reviewing vocabulary, putting the characters into contemporary situations, and directing the students in a full-scale production…

Goldfarb, Liz; Cambridge, Terry

1995-01-01

269

Structural Analysis of Sign Bridge  

E-print Network

been found in many sign support structures composed of welded round hollow structural shapes (HSS). The purpose of the research conducted was to provide fatigue life estimates for these structures, which could-Mast Luminaire Support Structures, Fatigue Life Prediction, Finite Element Analysis 18. Distribution Statement

Foley, Christopher M.

270

An automatic sign recognition and translation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sign is something that suggests the presence of a fact, condition, or quality. Signs are everywhere in our lives. They make our lives easier when we are familiar with them. But sometimes they pose problems. For example, a tourist might not be able to understand signs in a foreign country. This paper discusses problems of automatic sign recognition and

Jie Yang; Jiang Gao; Ying Zhang; Xilin Chen; Alex Waibel

2001-01-01

271

Eye Gaze in Creative Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the role of eye gaze in creative sign language. Because eye gaze conveys various types of linguistic and poetic information, it is an intrinsic part of sign language linguistics in general and of creative signing in particular. We discuss various functions of eye gaze in poetic signing and propose a classification of gaze…

Kaneko, Michiko; Mesch, Johanna

2013-01-01

272

Tactile Signing with One-Handed Perception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tactile signing among persons with deaf-blindness is not homogenous; rather, like other forms of language, it exhibits variation, especially in turn taking. Early analyses of tactile Swedish Sign Language, tactile Norwegian Sign Language, and tactile French Sign Language focused on tactile communication with four hands, in which partially blind or…

Mesch, Johanna

2013-01-01

273

47 CFR 2.302 - Call signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...sign to each station in a different class. (In addition to the U.S. call sign allocations listed below, call sign blocks AAA through AEZ and ALA through ALZ have been assigned to the Department of the Army; call sign block AFA through AKZ has...

2010-10-01

274

Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are…

Ktejik, Mish

2013-01-01

275

Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics.  

PubMed Central

Registration of births, recording deaths by age, sex and cause, and calculating mortality levels and differentials are fundamental to evidence-based health policy, monitoring and evaluation. Yet few of the countries with the greatest need for these data have functioning systems to produce them despite legislation providing for the establishment and maintenance of vital registration. Sample vital registration (SVR), when applied in conjunction with validated verbal autopsy procedures and implemented in a nationally representative sample of population clusters represents an affordable, cost-effective, and sustainable short- and medium-term solution to this problem. SVR complements other information sources by producing age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality data that are more complete and continuous than those currently available. The tools and methods employed in an SVR system, however, are imperfect and require rigorous validation and continuous quality assurance; sampling strategies for SVR are also still evolving. Nonetheless, interest in establishing SVR is rapidly growing in Africa and Asia. Better systems for reporting and recording data on vital events will be sustainable only if developed hand-in-hand with existing health information strategies at the national and district levels; governance structures; and agendas for social research and development monitoring. If the global community wishes to have mortality measurements 5 or 10 years hence, the foundation stones of SVR must be laid today. PMID:16184280

Setel, Philip W.; Sankoh, Osman; Rao, Chalapati; Velkoff, Victoria A.; Mathers, Colin; Gonghuan, Yang; Hemed, Yusuf; Jha, Prabhat; Lopez, Alan D.

2005-01-01

276

Evaluation of alternative sign replacement strategies  

E-print Network

SHEETING MATERIALS There are four sign-related factors that aA'ect a driver's visibility (7): 1. Brightness, or the amount of light reflected from the sign that reaches the driver's eye, 2. Contrast: internal (background-legend) and external (sign... warning signs (nine with symbol legends and four with word legends), three white-on-red regulatory signs, and two white-on-green guide signs. In addition, flve of the signs were tested in two different sizes. The tests were conducted at 55 mph and 30 mph...

McCaleb, James Bradley

2012-06-07

277

The "guitar pick" sign: a novel sign of retrobulbar hemorrhage.  

PubMed

Retrobulbar hemorrhage is a rare complication of blunt ocular trauma. Without prompt intervention, permanent reduction in visual acuity can develop in as little as 90 minutes. We report a novel bedside ultrasound finding of conical deformation of the posterior ocular globe: the "guitar pick" sign. In our elderly patient, the ocular globe shape normalized post-lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis. Identifying this sonographic finding may add to the clinical examination when deciding whether to perform decompression. PMID:21524372

Theoret, Jonathan; Sanz, Geoffrey E; Matero, David; Guth, Todd; Erickson, Catherine; Liao, Michael M; Kendall, John L

2011-05-01

278

Water is Vital--Especially after a Disaster (Spanish)  

E-print Network

ER-030S 10-07 El agua es vital ? especialmente despu?s de un desastre La deshidrataci?n tiene lugar cuando el cuerpo pierde demasiada agua. Cuando usted deja de tomar agua, sus c?lulas y tejidos pierden fluidos esenciales, sus m?sculos comienzan... a cansarse y puede sufrir calambres en las piernas o sentirse d?bil. La deshidrataci?n extrema puede colapsar los vasos sangu?neos. Una persona normalmente activa necesita beber al menos 2 cuartos de gal?n de agua por d?a. En un ambiente caluroso...

Crocker, Andrew

2007-10-08

279

Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography.  

PubMed

Using fingerprints as a method to identify an individual has been accepted in forensics since the nineteenth century, and the fingerprint has become one of the most widely used biometric characteristics. Most of the modern fingerprint recognition systems are based on the print pattern of the finger surface and are not robust against spoof attaching. We demonstrate a novel vital vascular fingerprint system using Doppler optical coherence tomography that provides highly sensitive and reliable personal identification. Because the system is based on blood flow, which only exists in a livng person, the technique is robust against spoof attaching. PMID:23913068

Liu, Gangjun; Chen, Zhongping

2013-08-01

280

Chronic Pruritus: a Paraneoplastic Sign  

PubMed Central

Chronic itch could be a presenting sign of malignancy. Pruritus of lymphoma is the common prototype of paraneoplastic itch and can precede other clinical signs by weeks and months. Paraneopalstic pruritus has also been associated with solid tumors and is an important clinical symptom in paraneoplastic skin diseases such as erythroderma, Grovers disease, malignant acanthosis nigricans, generalized granuloma annulare, Bazex syndrome and dermatomyositis. In any case with high index of suspicion a thorough work-up is required. This review highlights the association between itch and malignancy and presents new findings related to pathophysiological mechanisms and the treatment of itch associated with malignancy. Combinative therapies reducing itch sensitization and transmission using selective serotonin and neuroepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, Kappa opioids and Neuroleptics are of prime importance in reducing this bothersome symptom. PMID:21054705

Yosipovitch, Gil

2011-01-01

281

The pivotal sign of CANVAS.  

PubMed

A 75-year-old woman complained about insecure gait since age 55. Clinical examination revealed signs of cerebellar ataxia, bilateral vestibulopathy, and peripheral sensory impairment. Sensory nerve action potentials were absent. The visually enhanced vestibulo-ocular reflex (VVOR) was impaired (video on the Neurology(®) Web site at www.neurology.org, figure 1) and the diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia (figure 2) with neuropathy and bilateral vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS) was made.(1) CANVAS is considered to be a recessive disorder with a mean age at onset of 60 years.(2) VVOR impairment is its characteristic clinical sign.(2) It can only be elicited if both smooth-pursuit eye movements and the vestibulo-ocular reflex are deficient. Normally, both are redundant at low head velocities.(2.) PMID:24166963

Petersen, Jens Alexander; Wichmann, Werner W; Weber, Konrad Peter

2013-10-29

282

Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train  

SciTech Connect

The design of the Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train for E-815 (NuTeV) is set forth. The relevant physics requirements are explained. The optics of the beam are presented, along with an explanation of the proton dumping scheme. A discussion of rates and backgrounds follows, with special care given to backgrounds from scraping and obstructions. The relevant tolerances for beam construction are given and justified by simulations of the beamline. This leads to a discussion of the beam monitoring.

Bernstein, R.; NuTeV Collaboration

1994-05-03

283

CERN single sign on solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The need for Single Sign On has always been restricted by the absence of cross platform solutions: a single sign on working only on one platform or technology is nearly useless. The recent improvements in Web Services Federation (WS-Federation) standard enabling federation of identity, attribute, authentication and authorization information can now provide real extended Single Sign On solutions. Various solutions have been investigated at CERN and now, a Web SSO solution using some parts of WS-Federation technology is available. Using the Shibboleth Service Provider module for Apache hosted web sites and Microsoft ADFS as the identity provider linked to Active Directory user, users can now authenticate on any web application using a single authentication platform, providing identity, user information (building, phone...) as well as group membership enabling authorization possibilities. A typical scenario: a CERN user can now authenticate on a Linux/Apache website using Windows Integrated credentials, and his Active Directory group membership can be checked before allowing access to a specific web page.

Ormancey, E.

2008-07-01

284

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...14 Section 1223.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include? To achieve...

2010-07-01

285

36 CFR 1223.20 - What are the requirements for accessing vital records during an emergency?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...20 Section 1223.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.20 What are the requirements for accessing vital records during an...

2010-07-01

286

36 CFR 1223.22 - How must agencies protect vital records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...22 Section 1223.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.22 How must agencies protect vital records? Agencies must take...

2010-07-01

287

36 CFR 1223.18 - Must vital records be in a particular form or format?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.18 ...records or copies of records. Consult NARA records management guidance on vital records at...

2010-07-01

288

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2013-10-01

289

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2010-10-01

290

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2011-10-01

291

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2014-10-01

292

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2012-10-01

293

36 CFR 1223.22 - How must agencies protect vital records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...22 Section 1223.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.22 How must agencies protect vital records? Agencies must take...

2012-07-01

294

36 CFR 1223.22 - How must agencies protect vital records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...22 Section 1223.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.22 How must agencies protect vital records? Agencies must take...

2014-07-01

295

36 CFR 1223.18 - Must vital records be in a particular form or format?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.18 ...records or copies of records. Consult NARA records management guidance on vital records at...

2012-07-01

296

36 CFR 1223.22 - How must agencies protect vital records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...22 Section 1223.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.22 How must agencies protect vital records? Agencies must take...

2011-07-01

297

36 CFR 1223.18 - Must vital records be in a particular form or format?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.18 ...records or copies of records. Consult NARA records management guidance on vital records at...

2011-07-01

298

36 CFR 1223.22 - How must agencies protect vital records?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...22 Section 1223.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.22 How must agencies protect vital records? Agencies must take...

2013-07-01

299

36 CFR 1223.18 - Must vital records be in a particular form or format?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.18 ...records or copies of records. Consult NARA records management guidance on vital records at...

2013-07-01

300

36 CFR 1223.18 - Must vital records be in a particular form or format?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION RECORDS MANAGEMENT MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.18 ...records or copies of records. Consult NARA records management guidance on vital records at...

2014-07-01

301

Active Aging Promotion: Results from the Vital Aging Program  

PubMed Central

Active aging is one of the terms in the semantic network of aging well, together with others such as successful, productive, competent aging. All allude to the new paradigm in gerontology, whereby aging is considered from a positive perspective. Most authors in the field agree active aging is a multidimensional concept, embracing health, physical and cognitive fitness, positive affect and control, social relationships and engagement. This paper describes Vital Aging, an individual active aging promotion program implemented through three modalities: Life, Multimedia, and e-Learning. The program was developed on the basis of extensive evidence about individual determinants of active aging. The different versions of Vital Aging are described, and four evaluation studies (both formative and summative) are reported. Formative evaluation reflected participants' satisfaction and expected changes; summative evaluations yielded some quite encouraging results using quasi-experimental designs: those who took part in the programs increased their physical exercise, significantly improved their diet, reported better memory, had better emotional balance, and enjoyed more cultural, intellectual, affective, and social activities than they did before the course, thus increasing their social relationships. These results are discussed in the context of the common literature within the field and, also, taking into account the limitations of the evaluations accomplished. PMID:23476644

Caprara, Mariagiovanna; Molina, María Ángeles; Schettini, Rocío; Santacreu, Marta; Orosa, Teresa; Mendoza-Núñez, Víctor Manuel; Rojas, Macarena; Fernández-Ballesteros, Rocío

2013-01-01

302

Vital phase of space science. [solar terrestrial interactions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space science began with the indirect phase where the activity in space was inferred from such terrestrial phenomena as geomagnetic storms, ionospheric variations, and fluctuations in the cosmic ray intensity. The direct phase was initiated with spaceflight placing instruments directly in space and permitting the direct observation of UV and X rays, as well as precision observations of solar luminosity variations. The evidence from these many direct studies, together with the historical record of terrestrial conditions, shows that the variations of the luminosity of the Sun affect the terrestrial atmosphere at all levels, with devastating changes in climate tracking the major changes in the activity level and luminosity of the Sun. The quantification and understanding of this vital connection should be the first priority of space science and geophysics, from oceans and atmosphere through the ionosphere, magnetosphere, and all the way to the convective zone of the Sun. It becomes the vital phase of space science, focused on the basic science of the changing habitability of Earth.

Parker, E. N.

1994-01-01

303

Multiparametric monitoring of tissue vitality in clinical situations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The monitoring of various tissue's physiological and biochemical parameters is one of the tools used by the clinicians to improve diagnosis capacity. As of today, the very few devices developed for real time clinical monitoring of tissue vitality are based on a single parameter measurement. Tissue energy balance could be defined as the ratio between oxygen or energy supply and demand. In order to determine the vitality of the brain, for example, it is necessary to measure at least the following 3 parameters: Energy Demand--potassium ion homeostasis; Energy Supply-- cerebral blood flow; Energy Balance--mitochondrial NADH redox state. For other tissues one can measure various energy demand processes specific to the tested organ. We have developed a unique multiparametric monitoring system tested in various experimental and clinical applications. The multiprobe assembly (MPA) consists of a fiber optic probe for measurement of tissue blood flow and mitochondrial NADH redox state, ion selective electrodes (K+, Ca2+, H+), electrodes for electrical activities (ECoG or ECG and DC potential), temperature probe and for monitoring the brain - Intra Cranial Pressure probe (ICP). The computerized monitoring system was used in the neurological intensive care unit to monitor comatose patients for a period of 24-48 hours. Also, a simplified MPA was used in the neurosurgical operating room or during organ transplantation procedure. It was found that the MPA could be used in clinical situations and that the data collected has a significant diagnosis value for the medical team.

Mayevsky, Avraham; Manor, Tamar; Meilin, Sigal; Razon, Nisim; Ouknine, George E.; Ornstein, Eugene

2001-05-01

304

The Impact of Inter-Ethnic Discordance on Subjective Vitality Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subjective ethno-linguistic vitality expresses a group's perception of its own ability to act as a distinctive collective entity in intergroup encounters. Although subjective vitality questionnaires have proved to be reliable instruments of measurement, there has been criticism that they underestimate actual vitality (see Yagmur, this issue). A…

Ehala, Martin; Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

2011-01-01

305

Exploring the Ancestral Roots of American Sign Language: Lexical Borrowing from Cistercian Sign Language and French Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Sign Language (ASL) is the natural and preferred language of the Deaf community in both the United States and Canada. Woodward (1978) estimated that approximately 60% of the ASL lexicon is derived from early 19th century French Sign Language, which is known as "langue des signes francaise" (LSF). The lexicon of LSF and ASL may be derived…

Cagle, Keith Martin

2010-01-01

306

[Electric signs of experimental pericarditis].  

PubMed

Utilizing 25 mongrel dogs, we studied the electrocardiographic (direct and surface records) and lesional changes induced by the instillation of 7.5% Methyl-salicilate solution and by the acute pericardial effusion produced by the injection of 50 ml of mixed blood-saline solution. Ten unipolar records on the parietal pericardium, right atrium, right and left intraventricular unipolar leads and cavitary tensional curves were obtained. Light and electronic microscopy changes were analized in 11 cases. The anatomical data showed pericardial hemorrhage and injury of 3 to 6 lines of superficial myocytes. On ECG (direct and surface leads) an elevation of RST-T was observed from chest and pericardial unipolar leads and depressed ST in the chambers of the heart, and from a VR and a VL. RST-T displacement as well as developing negative T waves were outstanding on the rigth chest leads (V5R to V3R), on the left (V4-to V6), in DII, DIII, aVF and abdominal leads. A straight RST-T elevation with notch at the juntional point was observed, suggesting atrial injury. No alteration of intrinsic or intrinsicoid velocity were apparent. All of these signs, together with depressed ST in leads aVR and unipolar right chamber leads are signs which suggest pericardial involvement. The P wave became bimodal on the middle chest leads and +/- on right chest leads indicating atrial damage (68%). Thus, an RST-T upward displacement in V3R-V4R, can be a sign of pericarditis as well as right ventricular infarction. The pressure curves were altered only by artificial acute effusion: RA = 20.6, pericardial sac 20.6 and late diastolic of RV = 13.2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3159363

Medrano, G A; de Micheli, A; Osornio Vargas, A; Rentería, V

1985-01-01

307

30 CFR 57.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major...

2012-07-01

308

30 CFR 56.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major electrical...

2013-07-01

309

30 CFR 56.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major electrical...

2011-07-01

310

30 CFR 57.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major...

2011-07-01

311

30 CFR 57.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major...

2010-07-01

312

30 CFR 57.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major...

2013-07-01

313

Cooperative Sign Language Tutoring: A Multiagent Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sign languages can be learned effectively only with frequent feedback from an expert in the field. The expert needs to watch a performed sign, and decide whether the sign has been performed well based on his/her previous knowledge about the sign. The expert's role can be imitated by an automatic system, which uses a training set as its knowledge base to train a classifier that can decide whether the performed sign is correct. However, when the system does not have enough previous knowledge about a given sign, the decision will not be accurate. Accordingly, we propose a multiagent architecture in which agents cooperate with each other to decide on the correct classification of performed signs. We apply different cooperation strategies and test their performances in varying environments. Further, through analysis of the multiagent system, we can discover inherent properties of sign languages, such as the existence of dialects.

Y?ld?r?m, Ilker; Aran, Oya; Yolum, P?nar; Akarun, Lale

314

Global Warming: Early Warning Signs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This science-based world map depicts the local and regional consequences of global climate change. It identifies direct manifestations of a warming trend (fingerprints), and events that are consistent with the projections for global climate change and are likely to become more frequent and widespread with continued warming (harbingers). These signs are linked to a full description of conditions in that part of the world which indicate warming. A curriculum guide engages students in an exploration of the impacts of global climate change.

315

Cutaneous signs of diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

Cutaneous signs of diabetes mellitus are extremely valuable to both the clinician and the researcher. Lesions such as necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic dermopathy, carotenemia idiopathic bullous eruptions of granuloma anulare alert the physician to consider the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Xanthomas reflect the status of glucose and lipid metabolism. Diabetic dermopathy might be a useful monitor of angiopathic changes in the heart, kidney and brain. Finally, the accessibility of the skin makes it an ideal organ for studying the pathogenesis of diabetes and the effect of medications on the vascular and neurological complications of diabetes. PMID:797552

Stawiski, M A; Voorhees, J J

1976-09-01

316

Eagle's syndrome: signs and symptoms.  

PubMed

Eagle's syndrome, an uncommon sequela of an elongated styloid process, can manifest itself as a sensation of a foreign body in the throat and a retrogoniac or anterolateral neck pain often referred to the TMJ and the ear. When treating patients affected by temporomandibular disorders (TMD), complaining of atypical orofacial pain, and with a concomitant radiographic finding of a bilaterally elongated styloid, the possible coexistence of Eagle's syndrome should always be considered. The aim of this review is to present an overview of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapy for Eagle's syndrome and to help the clinician in differential diagnosis with other conditions that can provide similar signs and symptoms. PMID:23461263

Costantinides, Fulvia; Vidoni, Gabriele; Bodin, Christiane; Di Lenarda, Roberto

2013-01-01

317

The lepton flavor violating decay {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup Minus-Or-Plus-Sign} at LHCb  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of improving the limit on the branching fraction of the lepton flavor violating decay {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup {+-}} Micro-Sign {sup Minus-Or-Plus-Sign} at LHCb is discussed. It is shown that a simple, cut-based analysis is sufficient to improve the upper limit on this branching fraction within the lifetime of LHCb.

Keune, A., E-mail: anne.keune@epfl.ch [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Laboratoire de Physique des Hautes Energies (Switzerland)

2012-09-15

318

Maturogenesis of non-vital immature permanent teeth  

PubMed Central

Pulpal necrosis in young permanent teeth often results in teeth with open apex, thin root walls and poor crown root ratio. Out of the available treatment options maturogenesis has been the most conservative option that exploits full potential of pulp for dentin deposition. Maturogenesis involves disinfecting the root canal system followed by stimulation of blood clot from the periapical tissue, which provides a matrix into which the cell could grow and sealing the coronal excess. In the present case report, tri antibacterial paste (3 Mix) was used as an intracanal medicament that proved successful in stimulating vital pulp cells of the periapical region for maturogenesis. Five months radiograph follow-up showed thickening of lateral dentinal walls, which progress until 15 months resulting in apical closure, thickening of lateral dentinal walls and increase root length. PMID:24015025

Kalaskar, Ritesh R.; Kalaskar, Ashita R.

2013-01-01

319

Similarities & Differences in Two Brazilian Sign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

mparison of sign language used by Urubu-Kaapor Indians in the Amazonian jungle (UKSL) and sign language used by deaf people in Sao Paulo (SPSL). In the former situation, deaf people are more integrated and accepted into their community than in Sao Paulo, because most hearing individuals are able and willing to use sign language to communicate with…

Ferreira-Brito, Lucinda

1984-01-01

320

A Segmental Framework for Representing Signs Phonetically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The arguments for dividing the signing stream in signed languages into sequences of phonetic segments are compelling. The visual records of instances of actually occurring signs provide evidence of two basic types of segments: postural segments and trans-forming segments. Postural segments specify an alignment of articulatory features, both manual…

Johnson, Robert E.; Liddell, Scott K.

2011-01-01

321

Signs, involutions and Jacquet modules  

E-print Network

Let $G$ be a connected reductive $p$-adic group and let $\\theta$ be an automorphism of $G$ of order at most two. Suppose $\\pi$ is an irreducible smooth representation of $G$ that is taken to its dual by $\\theta$. The space $V$ of $\\pi$ then carries a non-zero bilinear form $(\\mspace{7mu},\\mspace{6mu})$, unique up to scaling, with the invariance property $(\\pi(g)v, \\pi({}^{\\theta}g)w) = (v,w)$, for $g \\in G$ and $v, w \\in V$. The form is easily seen to be symmetric or skew-symmetric and we set $\\varepsilon_\\theta(\\pi) = \\pm1$ accordingly. We use Cassleman's pairing (in commonly observed circumstances) to express $\\varepsilon_\\theta(\\pi)$ in terms of certain Jacquet modules of $\\pi$ and thus, via the Langlands classification, reduce the problem of determining the sign to the case of tempered representations. For the transpose-inverse involution of the general linear group, we show that the associated signs are always one.

Roche, Alan

2012-01-01

322

Cutaneous signs of classical dermatomyositis.  

PubMed

Idiopathic immune myopathies (IIM) are an heterogeneous group of autoimmune muscle disorders characterized by progressive muscle involvement. Dermatomyositis (DM) is the most common form of IIM. It is a multisystem disorder characterized by symmetric proximal, extensor, inflammatory myopathy, vascular involvement and a characteristic cutaneous eruption. Six types of DM have been identified: idiopathic, juvenile (JDM), cancer-related other autoimmune diseases-related, iatrogenic DM and amyopathic DM. Cutaneous manifestations of DM are the most important aspect of this disease and can precede from several months to years muscle or systemic involvement. Three groups of signs have been described: pathognomonic, highly characteristic and compatible. Although differences exist among the different clinical presentation of skin lesions, they share common histological findings including the presence of interface dermatitis with epidermal atrophy, basement membrane degeneration, vacuolar alteration of basal keratinocytes, and dermal changes consisting of interstitial mucin deposition and a sparse lymphocytic infiltrate. DM is a serious disease; the correct evaluation of any skin lesion suggesting an early diagnosis is of utmost importance. Skin signs may, also, represent a marker of treatment efficacy even though systemic symptoms worsening may not always be followed by more severe skin lesions. PMID:25014587

Auriemma, M; Capo, A; Meogrossi, G; Amerio, P

2014-10-01

323

Laboratory Safety Survey Sec. Area of Interest  

E-print Network

Laboratory Safety Survey Room: PI: Date: Sec. Area of Interest A General Lab Safety Y N N/A COS 1? MSDS Available? 4 Do lab personnel know location of safety plan? 5 Is there disinfectant Biohazard signs properly posted? 2 Radiation signs properly posted? 3 Do lab personnel know MSDS location

Gelfond, Michael

324

The Physicochemical Origin of Trace Element Vital Effects in Coral Skeleton  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aragonite skeletons of scleractinian corals exhibit high-frequency compositional variability that does not correspond to changes in known environmental variables [1-4]. In addition, many of the empirical relationships between skeletal composition and environmental variables are inconsistent with both thermodynamic equilibrium and relationships derived from abiogenic aragonite grown experimentally. These observations have prompted a range of explanations that invoke physiological processes to explain so-called "vital effects" [3-5]. However, none of these models provides a quantitative explanation for the full range of observations. Results from the precipitation experiments of Gaetani and Cohen [6] provide a framework within which "vital effects" can be understood as originating from a process that is primarily physicochemical in nature. Experimentally determined aragonite-seawater partition coefficients indicate that significant Mg2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+ enrichments exist in abiogenic aragonite. These enrichments are independent of whether the predicted equilibrium partition coefficients are greater than or less than unity, and they decrease with increasing temperature. This is consistent with surface entrapment, a kinetic process that operates in regimes where the competition between crystal growth rate and diffusivity in the near-surface region limits the extent to which equilibrium can be achieved [7]. Therefore, the composition of aragonite precipitated at ambient temperatures is kinetically - not thermodynamically - controlled, even in the absence of physiological influences. Experimentally calibrated Rayleigh fractionation calculations demonstrate that the composition of coral skeletons is determined by 3 factors. First, selective transport of ions across the basal epithelium produces a calcifying fluid that is compositionally distinct from seawater. The cation ratios in this fluid do not vary significantly over the course of the year and, therefore, do not contribute to variability in the skeleton. The magnitude and sign of the compositional variations in coral aragonite and their relationship to temperature are controlled by a combination of temperature-dependent element partitioning (surface entrapment), and fluctuations in the mass fraction of aragonite precipitated from a given batch of calcifying fluid. Compositional variations in the aragonite are expected to occur on timescales ranging from minutes to years, depending on the rate at which the mass fraction of aragonite precipitated changes, and the rate at which the calcifying fluid is replenished. References: [1] Hart & Cohen (1996) Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 60, 3075-3084; [2] Cohen et al. (2001) Paleoceanography 16, 20-26; [3] Meibom et al. (2004) Geophys Res Lett L2336, doi:10.1029/2004GL021313; [4] Sinclair (2005) Geochim Cosmochim Acta 69, 3265-3284; [5] Sinclair (2006) Geophys Res Lett (in press); [6] Gaetani and Cohen (2006) Geochim Cosmochim Acta (in press); [7] Watson E. B. (2004) Geochim Cosmochim Acta 68, 1473-1488.

Schneider, D. L.; Gaetani, G. A.; Cohen, A. L.

2006-12-01

325

Engineering Program Sign-up | 2014 Page 1 ENGINEERING PROGRAM SIGN-UP (EPS) SYSTEM  

E-print Network

Engineering Program Sign-up | 2014 Page 1 ENGINEERING PROGRAM SIGN-UP (EPS) SYSTEM Students who want to apply for a second-year major program in Engineering will sign up via will sign up via in the EPS System. You need to do that even if you applied for a specific major program back when you first

Calgary, University of

326

Sign-Sign Algorithm for Unbiased IIR Filtering in Impulsive Noise  

E-print Network

Sign-Sign Algorithm for Unbiased IIR Filtering in Impulsive Noise H. C. So Department of Computer : ithcso@cityu.edu.hk February 22, 2006 Index terms : Adaptive Algorithm, Infinite Impulse Response Filtering, Impulsive Noise Abstract : A new equation-error based sign-sign algorithm, which is derived from

So, Hing-Cheung

327

Life sign decision support algorithms.  

PubMed

There is a pressing need in the military for a system that interprets data from a suite of wearable physiological sensors to infer a soldier's current clinical state on the battlefield. The Warfighter Physiological Status Monitoring (WPSM) concept is envisioned by the US Army to address this need. Life sign detection is a key component. The future WPSM system will consist of a body-worn network of biosensors with a central processing control unit containing firmware for assessing the soldier's physiological status. In the present application, the system will diagnose a Dead, Alive, or Unknown (DAU) physiological state, and this information will be made available to field medics and others over separate communication channels. This paper describes the various modules in the DAU determination algorithms and how they interact with each other, as well as a simulator system built for parametric studies of the overall system. PMID:15361056

Savell, C Thomas; Borsotto, Maurizio; Reifman, Jaques; Hoyt, Reed W

2004-01-01

328

NASA's Propulsion Research Laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The grand opening of NASA's new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies located at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, took place in July 2004. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory (PRL) serves as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of innovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The facility is the epicenter of the effort to move the U.S. space program beyond the confines of conventional chemical propulsion into an era of greatly improved access to space and rapid transit throughout the solar system. The laboratory is designed to accommodate researchers from across the United States, including scientists and engineers from NASA, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, universities, and industry. The facility, with 66,000 square feet of useable laboratory space, features a high degree of experimental capability. Its flexibility allows it to address a broad range of propulsion technologies and concepts, such as plasma, electromagnetic, thermodynamic, and propellant propulsion. An important area of emphasis is the development and utilization of advanced energy sources, including highly energetic chemical reactions, solar energy, and processes based on fission, fusion, and antimatter. The Propulsion Research Laboratory is vital for developing the advanced propulsion technologies needed to open up the space frontier, and sets the stage of research that could revolutionize space transportation for a broad range of applications.

2004-01-01

329

Identifying vital effects in Halimeda algae with Ca isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geochemical records of biogenic carbonates provide some of the most valuable records of the geological past, but are often difficult to interpret without a mechanistic understanding of growth processes. In this experimental study, Halimeda algae are used as a test organism to untangle some of the specific factors that influence their skeletal composition, in particular their Ca-isotope composition. Algae were stimulated to precipitate both calcite and aragonite by growth in artificial Cretaceous seawater, resulting in experimental samples with somewhat malformed skeletons. The Ca-isotope fractionation of the algal calcite (-0.6‰) appears to be much smaller than that for the algal aragonite (-1.4‰), similar to the behaviour observed in inorganic precipitates. However, the carbonate from Halimeda has higher Ca-isotope ratios than inorganic forms by approximately 0.25‰, likely because of Rayleigh distillation within the algal intercellular space. In identifying specific vital effects and the magnitude of their influence on Ca-isotope ratios, this study suggests that mineralogy has a first-order control on the marine Ca-isotope cycle.

Blättler, C. L.; Stanley, S. M.; Henderson, G. M.; Jenkyns, H. C.

2014-12-01

330

An innovative nonintrusive driver assistance system for vital signal monitoring.  

PubMed

This paper describes an in-vehicle nonintrusive biopotential measurement system for driver health monitoring and fatigue detection. Previous research has found that the physiological signals including eye features, electrocardiography (ECG), electroencephalography (EEG) and their secondary parameters such as heart rate and HR variability are good indicators of health state as well as driver fatigue. A conventional biopotential measurement system requires the electrodes to be in contact with human body. This not only interferes with the driver operation, but also is not feasible for long-term monitoring purpose. The driver assistance system in this paper can remotely detect the biopotential signals with no physical contact with human skin. With delicate sensor and electronic design, ECG, EEG, and eye blinking can be measured. Experiments were conducted on a high fidelity driving simulator to validate the system performance. The system was found to be able to detect the ECG/EEG signals through cloth or hair with no contact with skin. Eye blinking activities can also be detected at a distance of 10 cm. Digital signal processing algorithms were developed to decimate the signal noise and extract the physiological features. The extracted features from the vital signals were further analyzed to assess the potential criterion for alertness and drowsiness determination. PMID:25375690

Sun, Ye; Yu, Xiong Bill

2014-11-01

331

Use of vital wheat gluten in aquaculture feeds  

PubMed Central

Summary In aquaculture, when alternative protein sources of Fish Meal (FM) in diets are investigated, Plant Proteins (PP) can be used. Among them, Vital Wheat Gluten (VWG) is a proteinaceous material obtained from wheat after starch extraction. “It is mainly composed of two types of proteins, gliadins and glutenins, which confer specific visco-elasticity that’s to say ability to form a network providing suitable binding. This will lead to specific technological properties that are notably relevant to extruded feeds”. Besides these properties, VWG is a high-protein ingredient with an interesting amino-acid profile. Whereas it is rather low in lysine, it contains more sulfur amino acids than other PP sources and it is high in glutamine, which is known to improve gut health and modulate immunity. VWG is a protein source with one of the highest nitrogen digestibility due to a lack of protease inhibitor activity and to the lenient process used to make the product. By this way, addition of VWG in diet does not adversely affect growth performance in many fish species, even at a high level, and may secure high PP level diets that can induce health damages. PMID:24237766

2013-01-01

332

A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that the interplay of water, carbon and vegetation dynamics is fundamental to some global trends in the current and conceivable future Anthropocene. Supported by simulations with a process-based biosphere model and a literature review, it demonstrates that the connectivity of freshwater and vegetation dynamics is vital for water security, food security and (terrestrial) ecosystem integrity alike. The water limitation of net primary production of both natural and agricultural plants - already pronounced in many regions - is shown to increase in many places under projected climate change, though this development is partially offset by water-saving direct CO2 effects. Natural vegetation can to some degree adapt dynamically to higher water limitation, but agricultural crops require some form of active management to overcome it - among them irrigation, soil conservation and expansion into still uncultivated areas. While crucial to secure food production for a growing world population, such human interventions in water-vegetation systems have, as also shown, repercussions to the water cycle. Indeed, land use changes have been shown to be the second-most important influence on the terrestrial water balance in recent times. Furthermore, climate change regionally increases irrigation demand and decreases freshwater availability, impeding on rainfed and irrigated food production (if not CO2 effects counterbalance this impact - which is unlikely at least in poorly managed systems). Drawing from these exemplary investigations, some research perspectives on how to further improve our quantitative knowledge of human-water-vegetation interactions in the Anthropocene are outlined.

Gerten, D.

2013-04-01

333

The animal economy as object and program in Montpellier vitalism.  

PubMed

Our aim in this paper is to show the importance of the notion of éonomie animale in Montpellier vitalism as a hybrid concept which brings together the structural and functional dimensions of the living body--dimensions which hitherto had primarily been studied according to a mechanistic model, or were discussed within the framework of Stahlian animism. The celebrated image of the bee-swarm expresses this structural-functional understanding of living bodies quite well: "One sees them press against each other, mutually supporting each other, forming a kind of whole, in which each living part, in its own way, by means of the correspondence and directions of its motions, enables this kind of life to be sustained in the body" (Ménuret 1765c, Enc. XI, 319a). What is important here is that every component part is always a living part, i.e., every structural unit is always functional. Interestingly, while the twin notions of "animal economy" and organisation are presented as improvements over a mechanistic perspective, they are nonetheless compatible with an expanded sense of mechanism, and by extension, with materialism as reflected notably in the writings of Ménuret and Bordeu. We thus propose both a revision and reconstruction of the historical status of the "animal economy," and a reflection on its conceptual status. PMID:19245106

Wolfe, Charles T; Terada, Motoichi

2008-12-01

334

VITALITY AFFECTS IN DANIEL STERN’S THINKING—A PSYCHOLOGICAL AND NEUROBIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE  

PubMed Central

The goal of the present article is to deepen the theme of vitality, the topic of Daniel N. Stern’s last book, Forms of Vitality, published in 2010, which further conceptualized the vitality affects originally proposed in his book The Interpersonal World of the Infant, published in 1985. Vitality forms characterize personal feelings as well dynamics of movements. They are therefore related to feelings of agency and efficacy, and may be shaped and influenced by early interactions between caregivers and infants. In this ambit, infants experience a sense of personal efficacy and a hedonic pleasure when they are recognized and confirmed by their caregivers. The interactional perspective is further discussed considering psychoanalytical contributions and recent infant research. However, vitality, as Stern (2010) highlighted, is grounded in the body and more specifically in the brain. From a neurobiological perspective, we discuss the role of mirror neurons by considering inter subjective exchanges and infantile matching experiences, which influence the sense of vitality.

Ammaniti, Massimo; Ferrari, Pierfrancesco

2014-01-01

335

Bush Signs CAFTA into law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This past Tuesday, President Bush signed into law the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), but only after a rather protracted period of difficult and contentious debate in Congress. After signing the bill, Bush remarked that the agreement would defend against âÂÂforces that oppose democracy, seek to limit economic freedom and want to drive a wedge between the United States and the rest of the Americas." Essentially, CAFTA eliminates a number of tariffs and opens up the region to goods and services originating in the United States. A number of critics emerged during the process of approving CAFTA, including those in organized labor and other industries, many of whom claimed that the agreement would result in fewer jobs in the sugar and textile industries. As CAFTA only squeaked by in the House during the approval process, a number of commentators have suggested that this does not bode well for other free trade agreements with Thailand and Bahrain that have been under development as of late.The first link leads to a Los Angeles Times piece that provides coverage of the recent passage of CAFTA into law. The second link leads to an online article from this WednesdayâÂÂs San Francisco Chronicle about CAFTA, along with some informed commentary from Jon Haverman, a research fellow with the Public Policy Institute of California. The third link will lead visitors to a helpful news article from the Detroit News which discusses the potential effects that the passage of CAFTA may have on various labor groups. The fourth link leads to a Financial Times article (requiring a free trial subscription) that looks at the broader transformation of organized labor, with specific reference to CAFTA. The fifth link leads to a very helpful page maintained by the International Trade Administration within the US Department of Commerce where users can read official factsheets and press releases about CAFTA. The sixth and final link leads to a statement issued by AFL-CIO President John Sweeney on the passage of CAFTA by the House of Representatives.

336

Symptoms and signs in interpreting Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) intoxication - an explorative study  

PubMed Central

Background Acute poisoning with gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been a serious medical and social problem in different parts of the world including Sweden. GHB is a drug of abuse which acts primarily as central nervous system (CNS) depressants. GHB has serious toxicity, although many young users do not recognise GHB as a dangerous drug. The aim of this pilot study was to explore how symptoms with risk of failure in vital functions would be valued among professionals that encounter GHB intoxication in the emergency phase. Methods A web-based survey focusing on the assessment of vital clinical signs for possible GHB intoxication using a numeric scale was carried out during April and May 2011. The participants, n 105, are all professionals who encounter GHB intoxicated in the emergency phase, but have different levels of training in GHB intoxication, mainly Registered Nurses (RNs) in southwest Sweden, employed in pre-hospital or emergency departments at somatic and most psychiatric health care facilities, as well as police officers who in their work come into contact with drug users. Responses in the survey were scored according to risk of GHB intoxication with serious failure of vital functions. The score value was then referred to a so-called evidence based priority (EBP) scale and analysed using descriptive statistics and Fisher's exact test. Results Cardiac arrest, coma, hypoxia, general convulsions, slow respiratory and heart rate and pale skin are symptoms with the highest risk of serious failure in vital physical functions and were predominantly recognised as such. Conclusion Despite the professionals' different levels of training in GHB intoxication, all of them were relatively well aware of and in accordance regarding the most risky symptoms. The interpretation score for the less risky symptoms and signs of GHB intoxication varied depending on their degree of training. The results should be viewed cautiously, as the size of the professional groups and their general knowledge of critical symptoms of GHB poisoning varied. PMID:24758357

2014-01-01

337

Signs and Symptoms of Impending Death in End-of-life Elderly Dementia Sufferers: Point of View of Formal Caregivers in Rural Areas  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of the present study was to clarify the signs and symptoms of impending death in end-of-life senile dementia from the point of view of formal caregivers in rural areas. Patient/Materials and Methods: We used qualitative data based on retrospective analyses. The data was gathered following a workshop on end-of-life care of the elderly with dementia attended by formal caregivers that was held in Iga City, Mie Prefecture, Japan, in September 2011. There was a total of 29 workshop participants. The workshop products were created in the first session of the workshop entitled “Signs of death.” During the session, we used the brainstorming method, and participants took turns stating at least two signs, symptoms or premonitions of death. In the end, there were 93 cards in total displaying signs of impending death observed in the end stage of dementia. These 93 entries were then classified into clear categories. Results: The categories defined were breathing disorder, consciousness decline, vital power decline, reduced oral intake, feces disorder, calm and peaceful character, blood pressure decline, change in skin color, patient odor, edema, preagonal vital power, body temperature decline, bedsore/wound deterioration, body weight reduction, cyanosis, and oliguria. The most frequently cited symptoms fell in the breathing disorder category (12 cards), followed by consciousness decline (9 cards), vital power decline (9 cards), reduced oral intake (6 cards), and feces disorder (6 cards). Also frequently mentioned were symptoms falling in the calm and peaceful character, patient odor and preagonal vital power categories. Conclusion: The results show that formal caregivers in rural areas identified breathing disorder as a top indicator of impending death in end-of-life senile dementia cases. The results also highlight some other characteristic signs of impending death, such as preagonal vital power and calm and peaceful character. This research could help develop formal caregivers’ observational skills in the end-of-life care settings.

Hirakawa, Yoshihisa; Uemura, Kazumasa

2012-01-01

338

Virtual reality in introductory physics laboratories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physicists consider laboratories to be a vital part of any introductory course, yet The Ohio State University's existing labs are not meeting their educational goals and students consistently rate them as having low value. This paper explores some of the reasons that standard introductory physics laboratories are not having the expected impact, and describes the implementation of Virtual Reality based experiments to improve upon lab effectiveness. Student response to these experiments and preliminary results regarding their impact on student learning will be discussed.

Demaree, Dedra; Stonebraker, Stephen; Zhao, Wenhui; Bao, Lei

2010-01-18

339

School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents information about ordering, using, storing, and maintaining chemicals in the high school laboratory. The guide also provides information about chemical waste, safety and emergency equipment, assessing chemical hazards, common safety symbols and signs, and fundamental resources relating to chemical safety, such as Material…

Brundage, Patricia; Palassis, John

2006-01-01

340

A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that the interplay of water, carbon and vegetation dynamics fundamentally links some global trends in the current and conceivable future Anthropocene, such as cropland expansion, freshwater use, and climate change and its impacts. Based on a review of recent literature including geographically explicit simulation studies with the process-based LPJmL global biosphere model, it demonstrates that the connectivity of water and vegetation dynamics is vital for water security, food security and (terrestrial) ecosystem dynamics alike. The water limitation of net primary production of both natural and agricultural plants - already pronounced in many regions - is shown to increase in many places under projected climate change, though this development is partially offset by water-saving direct CO2 effects. Natural vegetation can to some degree adapt dynamically to higher water limitation, but agricultural crops usually require some form of active management to overcome it - among them irrigation, soil conservation and eventually shifts of cropland to areas that are less water-limited due to more favourable climatic conditions. While crucial to secure food production for a growing world population, such human interventions in water-vegetation systems have, as also shown, repercussions on the water cycle. Indeed, land use changes are shown to be the second-most important influence on the terrestrial water balance in recent times. Furthermore, climate change (warming and precipitation changes) will in many regions increase irrigation demand and decrease water availability, impeding rainfed and irrigated food production (if not CO2 effects counterbalance this impact - which is unlikely at least in poorly managed systems). Drawing from these exemplary investigations, some research perspectives on how to further improve our knowledge of human-water-vegetation interactions in the Anthropocene are outlined.

Gerten, D.

2013-10-01

341

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease? The signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease ( ... will have signs and symptoms of the disease. Heart Disease Signs and Symptoms The illustration shows the major ...

342

Signing at the beginning makes ethics salient and decreases dishonest self-reports in comparison to signing at the end  

PubMed Central

Many written forms required by businesses and governments rely on honest reporting. Proof of honest intent is typically provided through signature at the end of, e.g., tax returns or insurance policy forms. Still, people sometimes cheat to advance their financial self-interests—at great costs to society. We test an easy-to-implement method to discourage dishonesty: signing at the beginning rather than at the end of a self-report, thereby reversing the order of the current practice. Using laboratory and field experiments, we find that signing before—rather than after—the opportunity to cheat makes ethics salient when they are needed most and significantly reduces dishonesty. PMID:22927408

Shu, Lisa L.; Mazar, Nina; Gino, Francesca; Ariely, Dan; Bazerman, Max H.

2012-01-01

343

Sign Detection Theory and Its Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers characterization of sign-transmission which is more general than conventional signal-transmission theory. Concepts and terminology, formal description of individual communications process, reconciliation with classical signal-detection theory, applications of sign-detection formalism to information retrieval on MEDLINE database, and a…

Heine, M. H.

1984-01-01

344

The earliest signs of Alzheimer's Disease  

E-print Network

;Neurofibrillary Tangles #12;Alzheimer's Disease-Tangles #12;Brain Areas Affected by AD Frontal Lobe: BehaviorThe earliest signs of Alzheimer's Disease Sterling Johnson, PhD Professor Wisconsin Alzheimers "Earliest Signs of Alzheimer's Disease" · FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: NONE · UNLABELED/UNAPPROVED USES DISCLOSURE

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

345

Infant Sign Training and Functional Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We taught manual signs to typically developing infants using a reversal design and caregiver-nominated stimuli. We delivered the stimuli on a time-based schedule during baseline. During the intervention, we used progressive prompting and reinforcement, described by Thompson et al. (2004, 2007), to establish mands. Following sign training, we…

Normand, Matthew P.; Machado, Mychal A.; Hustyi, Kristin M.; Morley, Allison J.

2011-01-01

346

Fatigue Risks in the Connections of Sign  

E-print Network

mrogram Fatigue Risks in the Connections of Sign archP Support Structures Phase 1 Reseahway SPR. Report No. WHRP 08-05 2. Government Accession No 3. Recipient's Catalog No 4. Title and Subtitle Fatigue. Abstract Wisconsin sought to assess the risk of fatigue-induced fracture in its existing sign support

Foley, Christopher M.

347

Audience Effects in American Sign Language Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a system of English mouthing during interpretation that appears to be the result of language contact between spoken language and signed language. English mouthing is a voiceless visual representation of words on a signer's lips produced concurrently with manual signs. It is a type of borrowing prevalent among English-dominant…

Weisenberg, Julia

2009-01-01

348

Phonological Awareness for American Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the concept of phonological awareness (PA) as it relates to the processing of American Sign Language (ASL). We present data from a recently developed test of PA for ASL and examine whether sign language experience impacts the use of metalinguistic routines necessary for completion of our task. Our data show that deaf signers…

Corina, David P.; Hafer, Sarah; Welch, Kearnan

2014-01-01

349

Sign Language Varieties in Costa Rica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a preliminary examination of several sign language varieties in use in Costa Rica and attempts to explain the relationship among these varieties. Based on comparative lexical data, it is postulated that at least four distinct sign languages exist in Costa Rica. Implications for future research are also discussed. (eight references) (JL)

Woodward, James

1991-01-01

350

Sign Language Subtitling by Highly Comprehensible "Semantroids"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We introduce a new method of sign language subtitling aimed at young deaf children who have not acquired reading skills yet, and can communicate only via signs. The method is based on: 1) the recently developed concept of "semantroid[TM]" (an animated 3D avatar limited to head and hands); 2) the design, development, and psychophysical evaluation…

Adamo-Villani, Nicolleta; Beni, Gerardo

2007-01-01

351

World-line approach to Sign Problems  

E-print Network

World-line approach to Sign Problems Shailesh Chandrasekharan Duke University #12;Outline XY model + chemical potential world-line approach solving the silver blaze problem! Two component bosons + Abelian world-line approach solving the silver blaze problem! more flavors + solving sign problems

Aarts, Gert

352

Bimodal Communication, Signing Skill, and Tenseness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the use of bimodal communication (BC), sign language with spoken English, by hearing college students in five scenarios and during informal discussions between scenarios. The results indicated that varying signing ability affected signers' BC rate and that skilled signers adapted the amount of BC they used to the social situation. (three…

Messing, Lynn

1994-01-01

353

Microminiature Monitor for Vital Electrolyte and Metabolite Levels of Astronauts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ions, such as proton (pH) and potassium, play a crucial role in body fluids to maintain proper basic functioning of cells and tissues. Metabolites, such as glucose, control the energy available to the entire human body in normal as well as stress situations, and before, during, and after meals. These molecules diffuse easily between blood in the capillaries and the interstitial fluid residing between cells and tissues. We have developed and approach to monitoring of critical ions (called electrolytes) and glucose in the interstitial fluid under the human skin. Proton and potassium levels sensed using optode technology that translates the respective ionic concentrations into variable colors of corresponding ionophore/dye/polymeric liquid membranes. Glucose is monitored indirectly, by coupling through immobilized glucose oxidase with local pH that is then detected using a similar color scheme. The monitor consists of a tiny plastic bar, 100-200 microns wide and 1-2 mm long, placed just under the skin, with color changing spots for each analyte as well as blanks. The colors are read and translated into concentration values by a CCD camera. Direct optical coupling between the in vivo sensing bar and the ex vivo detector device requires no power, and thus eliminates the need for wires or optical fibers crossing the skin. The microminiature bar penetrates the skin easily and painlessly, so that astronauts could insert it themselves. The approach is fully compatible with telemetry in space, and thus, in vivo clinical data will be available real time in the Earth based command center once the device is fully developed. The information provided can be used for collecting hitherto unavailable vital data on clinical effects of space travel. Managing clinical emergencies in space with the sensor already in place should also become much more efficient than without a continuous monitor, as is currently the case. Civilian applications may include better glucose control of patients with moderate to severe diabetes: a growing health problem in the US and World-wide.

Tohda, Koji; Gratzl, Miklos

2004-01-01

354

Effect of caffeine on motility and vitality of sperm and in vitro fertilization of outbreed mouse in T6 and M16 media  

PubMed Central

Background: Caffeine increases the CAMP production that stimulates spermatozoa movement. Caffeine is also used for induction of in vitro acrosome reaction in mammalian spermatozoa, an important step in achieving fertilization. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of caffeine on sperm's motility, vitality and laboratory fertilization rates in mouse in two T6 and M16 media. Materials and Methods: Epididymal mouse sperms were collected and treated by caffine in T6 and M16 media and their motility and vitality rates were evaluated. The pretreated sperms were added to oocytes in T6 and M16 media with and without caffeine and fertilization rates were recorded after 24 hours incubation. Results: Sperm's motility (81.7±1.67%) and vitality (88.7±1.33%) rates and percentage of fertilized oocytes (67.52±8.16%) in T6 medium plus caffeine compare to control group have increased and shown significant differences at p?0.01. While the percentages of these parameters in M16 medium supplemented with caffeine were 68.3±6.01%, 78±6.11%, and 42.6±12.96 respectively and in comparison to control group (M16 without caffeine) have not shown significant differences. Conclusion: Addition of caffeine to T6 medium promotes the sperm's motility and vitality and enhances fertilization and early in vitro development of mouse embryos. This article extracted from M.Sc. thesis. (Narges Navabi) PMID:24639814

Nabavi, Narges; Todehdehghan, Fatemeh; Shiravi, Abdollhossein

2013-01-01

355

Effects of Ethnolinguistic Vitality, Ethnic Identification, and Linguistic Contacts on Minority Language Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in ethnolinguistic vitality research appear to place agreater emphasis on interpersonal language experiences than on the wider intergroup context of ethnolinguistic phenomena. A questionnaire was administered to second-generation Italian Australians to predict Italian language competence and use from (a) subjective ethnolinguistic vitality (SEV), (b) ethnolinguistic identification, (c) societal language support, and (d) interpersonal language experience (interpersonal networks oflinguistic

Michael A. Hogg; Ninetta Rigoli

1996-01-01

356

Language use and ethnolinguistic vitality of Turkish compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers’ ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire, a Language Use–Choice Questionnaire, and a language rating

Kutlay Yagmur

2009-01-01

357

Subjective Vitality as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Subjective Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the mediator and moderator effects of subjective vitality on the relationship between life satisfaction and subjective happiness were investigated. The participants were 378 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Subjective Vitality Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Subjective…

Uysal, Recep; Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Satici, Begüm; Akin, Ahmet

2014-01-01

358

Digital literacy: A vital competence for 2010? Denise Leahy, Dudley Dolan  

E-print Network

Digital literacy: A vital competence for 2010? Denise Leahy, Dudley Dolan School of Computer literacy and has included this in the definition of eInclusion [2]. This paper defines digital literacy as a competence which is vital for all citizens, examines the changing definitions of digital literacy, looks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

Structure of the Heme d of Penicillium vitale and Escherichia coli Catalases*  

E-print Network

Structure of the Heme d of Penicillium vitale and Escherichia coli Catalases* (Received-hydroxychlorin -spirolactone has been found in the crystal structures of Penicillium vitale catalase and Escherichia coli catalase hydroperoxidase II (HPII). The absolute stereochemistry of the two heme d chiral car- bon atoms

360

Contributions of vital rates to growth of a protected population of American black bears  

E-print Network

Contributions of vital rates to growth of a protected population of American black bears Michael S have evaluated such contributions of vital rates to l for American black bears (Ursus americanus). We rates to variation in growth rate (l) of a population of black bears inhabiting the Pisgah Bear

Mitchell, Mike

361

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain  

E-print Network

EXTENSION CENTER FOR COMMUNITY VITALITY Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain of the Newcomers Fellow, University of Minnesota Extension Center for Community Vitality #12;Brain Gain 2010 i Report Reviewers: Neil Linscheid Scott Chazdon Continuing the Trend: The Brain Gain of the Newcomers A GENERATIONAL

Minnesota, University of

362

The Person in the Profession: Renewing Teacher Vitality through Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher's vocational vitality, or capacity to be vital, present, and deeply connected to his or her students, is not a fixed, indelible condition, but a state that ebbs and flows with the context and challenges of the teaching life. In light of this, an emerging form of professional development programming explicitly devoted to nourishing the…

Intrator, Sam M.; Kunzman, Robert

2006-01-01

363

Ethnolinguistic vitality, self?confidence and second language proficiency: An investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past studies of the social?psychological factors involved in second language acquisition have primarily been focussed on individual determinants of second language competence. Recent theoretical attempts at integrating contextual or environmental determinants have underlined the possible role of ethnolinguistic vitality. The present study was conducted to assess the influence of ethnolinguistic vitality on different constructs of Clément's model of second language

Normand Labrie; Richard Clément

1986-01-01

364

Does floor heating around parturition affect the vitality of piglets born to loose housed sows?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most critical period for the survival of piglets is during the first 2 days of life. Causes of early piglet mortality include reduced vitality due to hypoxia during parturition, hypothermia and lack of adequate colostrum intake. Besides, low vitality piglets may run a larger risk of being crushed by the sow. In the light of the thermoregulatory challenges facing

Jens Malmkvist; Lene Juul Pedersen; Birthe Marie Damgaard; Karen Thodberg; Erik Jørgensen; Rodrigo Labouriau

2006-01-01

365

THE PARADOX OF SIGN LANGUAGE MORPHOLOGY  

PubMed Central

Sign languages have two strikingly different kinds of morphological structure: sequential and simultaneous. The simultaneous morphology of two unrelated sign languages, American and Israeli Sign Language, is very similar and is largely inflectional, while what little sequential morphology we have found differs significantly and is derivational. We show that at least two pervasive types of inflectional morphology, verb agreement and classifier constructions, are iconically grounded in spatiotemporal cognition, while the sequential patterns can be traced to normal historical development. We attribute the paucity of sequential morphology in sign languages to their youth. This research both brings sign languages much closer to spoken languages in their morphological structure and shows how the medium of communication contributes to the structure of languages.* PMID:22223926

Aronoff, Mark; Meir, Irit; Sandler, Wendy

2011-01-01

366

Automated extraction of signs from continuous sign language sentences using Iterated Conditional Modes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognition of signs in sentences requires a training set constructed out of signs found in continuous sentences. Currently, this is done manually, which is a tedious process. In this work, we consider a framework where the modeler just provides multiple video sequences of sign language sentences, constructed to contain the vocabulary of interest. We learn the models of the recurring

Sunita Nayak; Sudeep Sarkar; Barbara Loeding

2009-01-01

367

The Sign "Institute" and Its Derivatives: A Family of Culturally Important ASL Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sign "institute" is the source of a family of ASL signs that are used to refer to residential schools for deaf children and to other institutions. The members of the "institute" sign family--although initialized--are well-established within the Deaf community and, importantly, are used to refer to highly-valued aspects of Deaf culture. This is…

Kowalsky, Jilly; Meier, Richard P.

2013-01-01

368

Sign Vocabulary in Deaf Toddlers Exposed to Sign Language since Birth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lexical comprehension and production is directly evaluated for the first time in deaf signing children below the age of 3 years. A Picture Naming Task was administered to 8 deaf signing toddlers (aged 2-3 years) who were exposed to Sign Language since birth. Results were compared with data of hearing speaking controls. In both deaf and hearing…

Rinaldi, Pasquale; Caselli, Maria Cristina; Di Renzo, Alessio; Gulli, Tiziana; Volterra, Virginia

2014-01-01

369

Workplace Concepts in Sign and Text. A Computerized Sign Language Dictionary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a dictionary of essential vocabulary, signs, and illustrations of workplace activities to be used to train deaf or hearing-impaired adults. It contains more than 500 entries with workplace-relevant vocabulary, each including an illustration of the signed word or phrase in American Sign Language, a description of how to make the…

Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, Pittsburgh.

370

In-vehicle signing functions and systems concepts  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes functional requirements and system concepts for an In-Vehicle Signing (IVS) system, which will bring information from roadway signs, signals, and pavement markings into the vehicle for presentation to the driver. Information filter functions will assure that the only messages displayed are those which are important to the driver and which apply. Display functions will optimize the presentation of the message to ambient conditions, driver preferences, the number of simultaneous messages, and the urgency of the message. Timing functions will display a sign as soon as it is needed, for the entire time that it applies, and only while it applies. IVS is one of the core components of an integrated In-Vehicle Information System, which will manage and fuse all driving-related information. Two different IVS system concepts have been investigated: one based on a map database, the other on beacon technology. This work is being conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the US Federal Highway Administration as part of the Intelligent Transportation System Program.

Tufano, D.R.; Spelt, P.F.; Knee, H.E.

1996-03-01

371

Diabetes and parkinsonian signs in older persons.  

PubMed

We examined the relation of type 2 diabetes mellitus to parkinsonian signs in older persons. Participants were 1030 women and men (mean age 80.3 y, education 14.5 y, Mini-Mental State Examination 27.9) without dementia or Parkinson disease, enrolled in the Rush Memory and Aging Project, an epidemiologic study of aging. We used separate linear and logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, and education, to examine the relation of diabetes, identified by history and medication inspection, to each of the scores of global parkinsonian signs and 4 separate parkinsonian signs. Diabetes was present in 140 (14%) participants. Most participants had mild parkinsonian signs. Diabetes was associated with a more severe global parkinsonian signs score (beta=0.20, SE=0.10, P=0.05) and postural reflex impairment-gait disturbance (beta=0.40, SE=0.17, P=0.02), but not with bradykinesia, rigidity, or tremor. Associations were no longer significant after controlling for vascular risk factors or conditions, particularly body mass index and congestive heart failure. Overall, there was no evidence that vascular variables modified the relation of diabetes to parkinsonian signs. In summary, we found that diabetes was associated with parkinsonian signs, especially postural reflex impairment-gait disturbance, and that vascular factors may play a role in this association. PMID:17545740

Arvanitakis, Zoe; Wilson, Robert S; Bienias, Julia L; Bennett, David A

2007-01-01

372

Laboratory examination in nerve agent intoxication.  

PubMed

Diagnosis of nerve agent intoxication is based on anamnestic data, clinical signs and laboratory examination. For acute poisoning, cholinesterase activity in the blood (erythrocyte AChE, plasma/serum BuChE) is sensitive, simple and most frequent laboratory examination performed in biochemical laboratories. Specialized examinations to precise treatment (reactivation test) or to make retrospective diagnosis (fluoride induced reactivation etc.) can be conducted. Other sophisticated methods are available, too. PMID:24592745

Bajgar, Jirí

2013-01-01

373

Population-specific vital rate contributions influence management of an endangered ungulate.  

PubMed

To develop effective management strategies for the recovery of threatened and endangered species, it is critical to identify those vital rates (survival and reproductive parameters) responsible for poor population performance and those whose increase will most efficiently change a population's trajectory. In actual application, however, approaches identifying key vital rates are often limited by inadequate demographic data, by unrealistic assumptions of asymptotic population dynamics, and of equal, infinitesimal changes in mean vital rates. We evaluated the consequences of these limitations in an analysis of vital rates most important in the dynamics of federally endangered Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis sierrae). Based on data collected from 1980 to 2007, we estimated vital rates in three isolated populations, accounting for sampling error, variance, and covariance. We used analytical sensitivity analysis, life-stage simulation analysis, and a novel non-asymptotic simulation approach to (1) identify vital rates that should be targeted for subspecies recovery; (2) assess vital rate patterns of endangered bighorn sheep relative to other ungulate populations; (3) evaluate the performance of asymptotic vs. non-asymptotic models for meeting short-term management objectives; and (4) simulate management scenarios for boosting bighorn sheep population growth rates. We found wide spatial and temporal variation in bighorn sheep vital rates, causing rates to vary in their importance to different populations. As a result, Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep exhibited population-specific dynamics that did not follow theoretical expectations or those observed in other ungulates. Our study suggests that vital rate inferences from large, increasing, or healthy populations may not be applicable to those that are small, declining, or endangered. We also found that, while asymptotic approaches were generally applicable to bighorn sheep conservation planning; our non-asymptotic population models yielded unexpected results of importance to managers. Finally, extreme differences in the dynamics of individual bighorn sheep populations imply that effective management strategies for endangered species recovery may often need to be population-specific. PMID:20945773

Johnson, Heather E; Mills, L Scott; Stephenson, Thomas R; Wehausen, John D

2010-09-01

374

Applications of the 3-D Deterministic Transport Attila{reg_sign} for Core Safety Analysis  

SciTech Connect

An LDRD (Laboratory Directed Research and Development) project is ongoing at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for applying the three-dimensional multi-group deterministic neutron transport code (Attila{reg_sign}) to criticality, flux and depletion calculations of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). This paper discusses the model development, capabilities of Attila, generation of the cross-section libraries, and comparisons to an ATR MCNP model and future.

Lucas, D.S.; Gougar, D.; Roth, P.A.; Wareing, T.; Failla, G.; McGhee, J.; Barnett, A.

2004-10-06

375

Animal experiments, vital forces and courtrooms: Mateu Orfila, François Magendie and the study of poisons in nineteenth-century France.  

PubMed

The paper follows the lives of Mateu Orfila and François Magendie in early nineteenth-century Paris, focusing on their common interest in poisons. The first part deals with the striking similarities of their early careers: their medical training, their popular private lectures, and their first publications. The next section explores their experimental work on poisons by analyzing their views on physical and vital forces in living organisms and their ideas about the significance of animal experiments in medicine. The last part describes their contrasting research on the absorption of poisons and the divergences in their approaches, methods, aims, standards of proof, and intended audiences. The analysis highlights the connections between nineteenth-century courtrooms and experimental laboratories, and shows how forensic practice not only prompted animal experimentation but also provided a substantial body of information and new research methods for dealing with major theoretical issues like the absorption of poisons. PMID:22530381

Bertomeu-Sánchez, José Ramón

2012-01-01

376

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATIONS GOVERNING TRAFFIC AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver...

2010-01-01

377

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS GOVERNING TRAFFIC AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver...

2013-01-01

378

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver shall comply with all posted traffic...

2014-01-01

379

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver shall comply with all posted traffic...

2012-01-01

380

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver shall comply with all posted traffic...

2011-01-01

381

Signs of Drug Abuse and Addiction  

MedlinePLUS

... to this page Signs of Drug Abuse and Addiction People with drug problems might act differently than ... En español "I feel so helpless against his addiction." Matt's brother Stephen is addicted to meth. Matt ...

382

Flemion {reg_sign}S and PEFC  

SciTech Connect

Asahi Glass Co., Ltd. (AGC) had commercialized chloro-alkali electrolysis process using perfluorinated ion exchange membranes (Flemion{reg_sign}). AGC participated in the PEFC project of NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) which started in the fiscal year 1992. In this program, AGC selected Flemion{reg_sign}S as one of the candidate membranes for PEFC. The properties of Flemion{reg_sign}S and Nafion{reg_sign}117 such as thermal stability, mechanical strength in dry and wet state, water content, AC specific resistance and gas permeability in dry and wet state, were evaluated and a new method of the preparation of membrane-electrode composites was developed.

Yoshitake, M.; Yoshida, N.; Ishisaki, T. [Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa (Japan)

1996-12-31

383

Ex vivo imaging of excised tissue using vital dyes and confocal microscopy.  

PubMed

Vital dyes routinely used for staining cultured cells can also be used to stain and image live tissue slices ex vivo. Staining tissue with vital dyes allows researchers to collect structural and functional data simultaneously and can be used for qualitative or quantitative fluorescent image collection. The protocols presented here are useful for structural and functional analysis of viable properties of cells in intact tissue slices, allowing for the collection of data in a structurally relevant environment. With these protocols, vital dyes can be applied as a research tool to disease processes and properties of tissue not amenable to cell culture-based studies. PMID:22752953

Johnson, Simon; Rabinovitch, Peter

2012-07-01

384

Neurological soft signs in mainstream pupils  

PubMed Central

AIMS—(1) To examine the relation between neurological soft signs and measures of cognition, coordination, and behaviour in mainstream schoolchildren. (2) To determine whether high soft sign scores may predict children with significant problems in other areas.?METHODS—A total of 169 children aged between 8 and 13 years from mainstream schools were assessed. They form part of a larger study into the outcome of meningococcal disease in childhood. Half had previous meningococcal disease and half were controls. Assessment involved measurement of six soft signs followed by assessment of motor skills (movement ABC), cognitive function (WISC-III), and behaviour (Conners' Rating Scales).?RESULTS—Children having an age corrected soft sign score above the 90th centile were considered to have an excess of soft signs. When compared to the other children they had significantly worse scores on the other three measures. Median movement ABC score was 15.3v 7. Mean total IQ scores were lower by 10.3 points. Median behaviour scores were significantly higher on both parental and teacher questionnaires. A soft sign score above the 90th centile had a sensitivity of 38% for detecting cognitive impairment, 42% for detecting coordination problems, and 25% for detecting possible attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.?CONCLUSION—In this group of children higher scores on the soft sign battery were related to significantly worse performance on measures of cognition, coordination, and behaviour. However, although soft sign assessment may be of interest it cannot accurately predict which children are likely to have impairment in other areas.?? PMID:11668095

Fellick, J; Thomson, A; Sills, J; Hart, C; STEPHENSON, P

2001-01-01

385

Being and Sign in the "Enneads"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this work is to show that Plotinus' metaphysics, his theory of Intellect, can be interpreted as a philosophy of the sign. The fact that Plotinus describes Intellect, the world of real beings, as a sign or a trace of the One is well-known, and we use this aspect in our work. However, what is even more important from our perspective…

Tomulet, Daniel

2010-01-01

386

THE PHONOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION OF SIGN LANGUAGES  

PubMed Central

Visually perceivable and movable parts of the body – the hands, facial features, head, and upper body – are the articulators of sign language. It is through these articulators that that words are formed, constrained, and contrasted with one another, and that prosody is conveyed. This article provides an overview of the way in which phonology is organized in the alternative modality of sign language. PMID:23539295

SANDLER, WENDY

2013-01-01

387

Reversed Halo Sign in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex  

PubMed Central

We describe a reversed halo sign in a teenage girl with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Lung manifestations of TSC include lung cysts corresponding to lymphangioleiomyomatosis and small nodules indicating multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MMPH). However, a reversed halo sign in TSC has never been reported. The lesion was microscopically consistent with MMPH. Immunohistological findings also supported the notion that the lesion is associated with TSC. PMID:24159404

Seyama, Kuniaki; Hayashi, Takuo; Yamashiro, Yuki; Shiraishi, Akihiko; Kuwatsuru, Ryohei

2013-01-01

388

A Retrospective Analysis to Validate the Alarm Signs Used in the CEDAP-Plus Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Study Aim. This study aimed to validate the alarm signs used in the 2007 German CEDAP-Plus study for indicating capsule endoscopy in patients who have idiopathic chronic abdominal pain. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of all patients who underwent capsule endoscopy at our institution between August 2007 and August 2009 for chronic hitherto undiagnosed abdominal pain, despite previous investigations. The demographic data, indications, findings, and diagnoses were recorded, as were the alarm signs (i.e., 10% loss of weight within 3 months, suspected small intestinal bleed or chronic anemia, and laboratory indications of inflammation). Results. Alarm signs were found in only 4 of the 62 included patients. Capsule endoscopy revealed findings that led to diagnoses of Crohn's disease (n = 4), tuberculosis (n = 1), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (n = 3), and hookworm (n = 1); these diagnoses included 100% (4/4) of the patients with alarm signs, but only 8.6% (5/58) of patients without them. However, 55.6% (5/9) of patients with clinically capsule endoscopy findings reported no alarm signs. Conclusions. Although selecting patients based on the alarm signs may increase the yield of capsule endoscopy, the alarm sign criteria appear to have low sensitivity. PMID:21991500

Zhang, Hou-De; Lin, Mu-Xian; Zhang, Qu

2011-01-01

389

Reaction Time as an Index of Traffic Sign Perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Verbal reaction times to identify and to classify 20 traffic sign messages were measured under three conditions-sign alone, sign plus visual loading task, and sign plus visual loading task plus visual distraction. Similar trends were found in the three experiments: reaction times were smaller for the classification task than for the identification task, smaller for warning than for regulatory signs,

Robert E. Dewar; Jerry G. Ells; Glen Mundy

1976-01-01

390

Fast Shape-based Road Sign Detection for a Driver Assistance System  

E-print Network

and Active Perception Laboratory Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Stockholm, Sweden Email: gareth show a detection rate of over 95%. The method is efficient enough for real-time applications reaction or lack of it, e.g. not slowing down in response to speed signs, or failing to react to stop

Barnes, Nick

391

IET control building (TAN620). interior personnel service room. sign next ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

IET control building (TAN-620). interior personnel service room. sign next to shower stall says, "fight athlete's foot with sani-mist." INEEL negative no. HD-21-1-1 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

392

Characterization of the duplicate L-SIGN and DC-SIGN genes in miiuy croaker and evolutionary analysis of L-SIGN in fishes.  

PubMed

Dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN/CD209) and liver/lymph node-specific ICAM-grabbing non-integrin (L-SIGN/CD299) which are homologues of DC-SIGN are important members in C-type lectin receptors family as key molecules to recognize and eliminate pathogens in the innate immune system. DC-SIGN and L-SIGN have become hot topics in recent studies which both served as cell adhesion and phagocytic pathogen recognition receptors in mammals. However, there have been almost no studies of DC-SIGN and L-SIGN structure and characters in fish, only DC-SIGN in the zebrafish had been studied. In our study, we identified and characterized the full-length miiuy croaker (Miichthys miiuy) DC-SIGN (mmDC-SIGN) and L-SIGN (mmL-SIGN) genes. The sequence analysis results showed that mmDC-SIGN and mmL-SIGN have the same domains with other vertebrates except primates, and share some conserved motifs in CRD among all the vertebrates which play a crucial role in interacting with Ca(2+) and for recognizing mannose-containing motifs. Gene synteny of DC-SIGN and L-SIGN were analyzed for the first time and gene synteny of L-SIGN was conserved among the five fishes. Interestingly, one gene next to L-SIGN from gene synteny had high similarity with L-SIGN gene that was described as L-SIGN-like in fish species. While only one L-SIGN gene existed in other vertebrates, two L-SIGN in fish may be in consequence of the fish-specific genome duplication to adapt the specific environment. The evolutionary analysis showed that the ancestral lineages of L-SIGN gene in fishes experienced purifying selection and the current lineages of L-SIGN gene in fishes underwent positive selection, indicating that the ancestral lineages and current lineages of L-SIGN gene in fishes underwent different evolutionary patterns. Both mmDC-SIGN and mmL-SIGN were expressed in all tested tissues and ubiquitously up-regulated in infected liver, spleen and kidney at different sampling time points, indicating that the mmDC-SIGN and mmL-SIGN participated in the immune response to defense against bacteria infection. PMID:25596146

Shu, Chang; Wang, Shanchen; Xu, Tianjun

2015-05-01

393

Language Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This history of the language laboratory and the factors influencing its growth are briefly traced. Materials and equipment are described, and the problems involved in a laboratory operation are indicated. Also considered is the use of the language laboratory as a teaching machine and as a research device for education in general. A bibliography…

Mathieu, Gustave

1962-01-01

394

A receiver diversity technique for ensuring high reliability of wireless vital data gathering in hospital rooms.  

PubMed

Sensing and wireless technologies have made remarkable advance recently, so wireless vital sensors for medical use, which are light-weight but accurate, have been commercially available. However, because of the low reliability of the wireless data transmission, sensed vital data are often lost in the wireless channel and this is a fatal drawback of the devices for continuous monitoring of patients in hospitals. This paper investigates the effect of using multiple receivers (receiver diversity technique) on the improvement of data loss rate for wireless vital data gathering. Experiments with a wireless vital sensor in hospital rooms reveal that putting receivers to higher positions such as ceiling is advantageous and the use of three receivers can sufficiently improve the data loss rate as compared with the use of a single receiver. PMID:21096972

Hara, Shinsuke; Sugano, Hiroto; Inoue, Tadayuki; Tsujioka, Tetsuo; Nakajima, Shigeyoshi; Nakamura, Hajime; Takeuchi, Kazuhide

2010-01-01

395

RACE AND NATIONALITY DESCRIPTIONS FROM THE 2000 CENSUS AND BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS  

Cancer.gov

SEER Coding And Staging Manual 2004, Revision 1 APPENDIX D RACE AND NATIONALITY DESCRIPTIONS FROM THE 2000 CENSUS AND BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS SEER Coding And Staging Manual 2004, Revision 1 SEER Coding And Staging Manual 2004, Revision 1 Appendix

396

The vital force "reincarnated": modeling entelechy as a quantized spinning gyroscopic metaphor for integrated medicine.  

PubMed

The ancient concept of the Vital Force receives a modern incarnation as a metaphorical multidimensional spinning gyroscope. The consequences for a different understanding of health and disease are examined in the context of integrated medicine. PMID:25416115

Milgrom, Lionel R

2015-01-01

397

75 FR 52950 - National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics: Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS), Full Committee Meeting...regarding sensitive information in medical records. On the morning of the...NCVHS, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control...

2010-08-30

398

Historical aspects and evolution of the application of vital dyes in vitreoretinal surgery and chromovitrectomy.  

PubMed

Lobeck and coworkers performed the first intravitreal application of vital dyes to visualize preretinal structures in 1932. Since then numerous investigators in the 20th century examined the use of biological stains through the endovenous, subretinal and intravitreal delivery route in order to identify vitreoretinal tissues and breaks. However, in the year 2000, a new surgical approach, recently coined chromovitrectomy, has arisen, which consists in the intraoperative application of vital dyes during vitrectomy. Initially fluorescein, and more recently indocyanine green, trypan blue, bromophenol blue, triamcinolone acetonide and patent blue have been used for the staining of preretinal membranes and tissues. Currently, many vital stains are under evaluation in animals for future clinical application during chromovitrectomy such as indigo carmine or light green. In this paper, several historical considerations in regard to the application of vital dyes in chromovitrectomy are discussed. PMID:18535378

Rodrigues, Eduardo B; Penha, Fernando M; Furlani, Bruno; Meyer, Carsten H; Maia, Mauricio; Farah, Michel E

2008-01-01

399

The efficacy of a single pocket irrigation on subgingival microbial vitality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The object of this study was to monitor the proportion of vital bacteria (microbial vitality: VF in %) present in subgingival\\u000a dental plaque following one single subgingival irrigation with saline (S), chlorhexidine (CHX) or povidone iodine (I2), but without any subgingival instrumentation. Its effect on the main composition of the microflora was also assessed. Seventeen\\u000a patients with adult periodontitis took

C. von Ohle; R. Weiger; E. Decker; U. Schlagenhauf; M. Brecx

1998-01-01

400

36 CFR 1192.105 - Priority seating signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.105 Priority seating signs. (a) Each car shall contain sign(s) which indicate that certain seats are priority seats for...

2014-07-01

401

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Veins?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Veins? The signs and symptoms of varicose veins include: ... signs of other, more serious conditions. Complications of Varicose Veins Varicose veins can lead to dermatitis (der-ma- ...

402

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Carotid Artery Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Carotid Artery Disease? Carotid artery disease may not cause signs or symptoms until it severely narrows or blocks a carotid artery. Signs and symptoms may include a bruit (broo- ...

403

Warning Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs and Symptoms Warning Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Illness Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Muscle cramping might be the first sign of heat-related illness, and may lead to heat exhaustion ...

404

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sarcoidosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sarcoidosis? Many people who have sarcoidosis have no signs ... symptom is more common in women than men. Sarcoidosis Signs and Symptoms The illustration shows the major ...

405

36 CFR 520.10 - Placards, signs, banners, and flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Placards, signs, banners, and flags. 520.10 Section 520.10 Parks...10 Placards, signs, banners, and flags. The displaying or carrying of placards, signs, banners, or flags is prohibited unless officially...

2010-07-01

406

36 CFR 504.9 - Placards, signs, banners and flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Placards, signs, banners and flags. 504.9 Section 504.9 Parks...504.9 Placards, signs, banners and flags. The displaying or carrying of placards, signs, banners, or flags is prohibited unless officially...

2010-07-01

407

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure? The most common signs and symptoms of heart ... in your lungs. The condition requires emergency treatment. Heart Failure Signs and Symptoms The image shows the major ...

408

20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...of the institution may sign the application. ...why the claimant cannot sign an application, we may...alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2014-04-01

409

20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the institution may sign the application. ...why the claimant cannot sign an application, we may...alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2010-04-01

410

20 CFR 408.315 - Who may sign your application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of the institution may sign your application. ...cause why you could not sign the application, we...widower, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2012-04-01

411

20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of the institution may sign the application. ...why the claimant cannot sign an application, we may...alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2012-04-01

412

20 CFR 408.315 - Who may sign your application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of the institution may sign your application. ...cause why you could not sign the application, we...widower, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2011-04-01

413

20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the institution may sign the application. ...why the claimant cannot sign an application, we may...alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2013-04-01

414

20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of the institution may sign the application. ...why the claimant cannot sign an application, we may...alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2011-04-01

415

20 CFR 408.315 - Who may sign your application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the institution may sign your application. ...cause why you could not sign the application, we...widower, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2013-04-01

416

20 CFR 408.315 - Who may sign your application?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the institution may sign your application. ...cause why you could not sign the application, we...widower, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital...possible to have Mr. Jones sign and file the...

2010-04-01

417

Brazilian Sign Language Lexicography and Technology: Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, Chereme-based Sign Retrieval, and Quadriplegic Deaf Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Brazilian Sign language digital encyclopedia, which contains a databank of 5,600 signs glossed in Portuguese and English, along with descriptions and illustrations of their signed form. (Author/VWL)

Capovilla, Fernando C.; Duduchi, Marcelo; Raphael, Walkiria D.; Luz, Renato D.; Rozados, Daniela; Capovilla, Alessandra G. S.; Macedo, Elizeu C.

2003-01-01

418

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Hanging Sign  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive homework problem for introductory physics students relating to torque due to frictional force. It involves a system in which a 1050 kg sign is attached to a rod perpendicular to a rough wall. A guy wire is affixed to the end of the rod and to the wall, bearing the load of the sign. Students must determine the smallest value of coefficient of friction possible for the sign to stay in place. A user-activated "help" sequence is provided for each step of the problem-solving, from conceptual analysis through quantitative calculation. To promote critical thinking, immediate feedback is received for both correct and incorrect responses. This item is part of a larger collection of interactive homework problems for introductory physics.

Gladding, Gary

2008-09-10

419

Phonological awareness for american sign language.  

PubMed

This paper examines the concept of phonological awareness (PA) as it relates to the processing of American Sign Language (ASL). We present data from a recently developed test of PA for ASL and examine whether sign language experience impacts the use of metalinguistic routines necessary for completion of our task. Our data show that deaf signers exposed to ASL from infancy perform better than deaf signers exposed to ASL later in life and that this relationship remains even after controlling for the number of years of experience with a signed language. For a subset of participants, we examine the relationship between PA for ASL and performance on a PA test of English and report a positive correlation between ASL PA and English PA in native signers. We discuss the implications of these findings in relation to the development of reading skills in deaf children. PMID:25149961

Corina, David P; Hafer, Sarah; Welch, Kearnan

2014-10-01

420

A Sign Language Screen Reader for Deaf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Screen reader technology has appeared first to allow blind and people with reading difficulties to use computer and to access to the digital information. Until now, this technology is exploited mainly to help blind community. During our work with deaf people, we noticed that a screen reader can facilitate the manipulation of computers and the reading of textual information. In this paper, we propose a novel screen reader dedicated to deaf. The output of the reader is a visual translation of the text to sign language. The screen reader is composed by two essential modules: the first one is designed to capture the activities of users (mouse and keyboard events). For this purpose, we adopted Microsoft MSAA application programming interfaces. The second module, which is in classical screen readers a text to speech engine (TTS), is replaced by a novel text to sign (TTSign) engine. This module converts text into sign language animation based on avatar technology.

El Ghoul, Oussama; Jemni, Mohamed

421

Signs of Resistance: Peer Learning of Sign Languages within "Oral" Schools for the Deaf  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the role of the Deaf child as peer educator. In schools where sign languages were banned, Deaf children became the educators of their Deaf peers in a number of contexts worldwide. This paper analyses how this peer education of sign language worked in context by drawing on two examples from boarding schools for the deaf in…

Anglin-Jaffe, Hannah

2013-01-01

422

Fusion of digital map traffic signs and camera-detected signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present several fusion approaches to merge speed limits reported in digital maps with detected speed limit signs using an onboard camera. Digital maps holding speed limits signs are required to be updated to cover speed limit changes and are unable to support variable speed limits. On the other hand, a camera system placed onboard a vehicular

Homayoun Jamshidi; Thomas Lukaszewicz; Amin Kashi; Ansel Berghuvud; Hans-Jurgen Zepernick; Siamak Khatibi

2011-01-01

423

Seat Belt Sign and Its Significance  

PubMed Central

Safety belts are the most important safety system in motor vehicles and when worn intend to prevent serious injuries. However, in unusual circumstances (high velocity motor vehicle collisions) these safety measures (seat belts) can be the source and cause of serious injuries. The seat belt syndrome was first described as early by Garrett and Braunste in but the term “seat belt sign” was discussed by Doersch and Dozier. Medical personnel's involved in emergency care of trauma patients should be aware of seat belt sign and there should a higher index of suspicion to rule out underlying organ injuries. PMID:24479100

Agrawal, Amit; Inamadar, Praveenkumar Ishwarappa; Subrahmanyam, Bhattara Vishweswar

2013-01-01

424

Signing of ESO-Poland Accession Agreement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An agreement was signed by Professor Lena Kolarska-Bobi?ska, the Polish Minister of Science and Higher Education, and the ESO Director General Tim de Zeeuw in Warsaw on 28 October 2014 that will lead to the country joining ESO. The signing of the agreement followed its unanimous approval by the ESO Council during an extraordinary meeting on 8 October 2014. Poland will be welcomed as a new Member State, following subsequent ratification of the accession agreement by the Polish Parliament. Tim de Zeeuw’s speech at this ceremony is reproduced below.

2014-12-01

425

Conceptual Representation of Actions in Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea that knowledge of events entails a universal spatial component, that is conceiving agents left of patients, was put to test by investigating native users of German sign language and native users of spoken German. Participants heard or saw event descriptions and had to illustrate the meaning of these events by means of drawing or arranging…

Dobel, Christian; Enriquez-Geppert, Stefanie; Hummert, Marja; Zwitserlood, Pienie; Bolte, Jens

2011-01-01

426

“Playboy Bunny” Sign of Congestive Heart Failure  

PubMed Central

In emergency, ultrasound has been widely used as a noninvasive and effective examination to evaluate congestive heart failure. We highlight “Playboy Bunny” sign as a reliable marker and an important clue to the diagnosis of passive hepatic congestion, caused by congestive heart failure. PMID:22224133

Hokama, Akira; Arakaki, Shingo; Shibata, Daisuke; Maeshiro, Tatsuji; Kinjo, Fukunori; Fujita, Jiro

2011-01-01

427

"Playboy bunny" sign of congestive heart failure.  

PubMed

In emergency, ultrasound has been widely used as a noninvasive and effective examination to evaluate congestive heart failure. We highlight "Playboy Bunny" sign as a reliable marker and an important clue to the diagnosis of passive hepatic congestion, caused by congestive heart failure. PMID:22224133

Hokama, Akira; Arakaki, Shingo; Shibata, Daisuke; Maeshiro, Tatsuji; Kinjo, Fukunori; Fujita, Jiro

2011-11-01

428

Signs and Symptoms of Wilms Tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... Find Support & Treatment Explore Research Get Involved Find Local ACS Learn About Cancer » Wilms Tumor » Detailed Guide » Signs and symptoms of ... Making Strides Against Breast Cancer Walks Coaches vs. Cancer Relay For Life Events College Relay For ... Offices Volunteer Employment Become a Supplier Report Fraud ...

429

Three Utilities for the Equal Sign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compare the activity of young children using a microworld and a JavaScript relational calculator with the literature on children using traditional calculators. We describe how the children constructed different meanings for the equal sign in each setting. It appears that the nature of the meaning constructed is highly dependent on specificities…

Jones, Ian; Pratt, Dave

2005-01-01

430

Sign communication in Cri du chat syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents findings from a study on the use of sign supported Norwegian (SSN) in two individuals with Cri du chat syndrome (CCS). The study gives a first account of some selected aspects of production and intelligibility of SSN in CCS. Possible deviance in manual parameters, in particular inter- and\\/or intra-subject variation in the use of handshape is investigated.

Sonja Erlenkamp; Kristian Emil Kristoffersen

2010-01-01

431

Sign Communication in Cri du Chat Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a study on the use of sign supported Norwegian (SSN) in two individuals with Cri du chat syndrome (CCS). The study gives a first account of some selected aspects of production and intelligibility of SSN in CCS. Possible deviance in manual parameters, in particular inter- and/or intra-subject variation in the use…

Erlenkamp, Sonja; Kristoffersen, Kristian Emil

2010-01-01

432

The Minus Sign in Faraday's Law Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By introducing the mathematical concept of orientation, the significance of the minus sign in Faraday's law may be made clear to students with some knowledge of vector calculus. For many students, however, the traditional approach of treating the law as a relationship between positive scalars and of relying on Lenz's law to provide the information…

O'Sullivan, Colm; Hurley, Donal

2013-01-01

433

A Signing Deaf Child's Use of Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal study of a deaf child's (with deaf signing and speaking parents) speech functions revealed that the child, before age three, rarely attempted speech imitation. By age five, the child had acquired new words through speechreading and had adjusted language modes to listener needs for flexible communication, and speech behavior assumed…

Maxwell, Madeline M.

1989-01-01

434

Harold Varmus Attends White House Signing  

Cancer.gov

Harold Varmus (center, in blue shirt) joined Cabinet members, members of Congress, and other stem cell research advocates to witness President Barack Obama signing an Executive Order lifting the government's ban on federal funding for stem cell research at a White House ceremony on March 9.

435

Sign Language in Astronomy and Space Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teaching science to school children with hearing deficiency and impairment can be a rewarding and valuable experience for both teacher and student, and necessary to society as a whole in order to reduce the discriminative policies in the formal educational system. The one most important obstacle to the teaching of science to students with hearing deficiency and impairments is the lack of vocabulary in sign language to express the precise concepts encountered in scientific endeavor. In a collaborative project between Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía ``Francisco J. Duarte'' (CIDA), Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador-Instituto Pedagógico de Maturín (UPEL-IPM) and Unidad Educativa Especial Bolivariana de Maturín (UEEBM) initiated in 2006, we have attempted to fill this gap by developing signs for astronomy and space sciences terminology. During two three-day workshops carried out at CIDA in Mérida in July 2006 and UPEL-IPM in Maturín in March 2007 a total of 112 concepts of astronomy and space sciences were coined in sign language using an interactive method which we describe in the text. The immediate goal of the project is to incorporate these terms into Venezuelan Sign Language (LSV).

Cova, J.; Movilio, V.; Gómez, Y.; Gutiérrez, F.; García, R.; Moreno, H.; González, F.; Díaz, J.; Villarroel, C.; Abreu, E.; Aparicio, D.; Cárdenas, J.; Casneiro, L.; Castillo, N.; Contreras, D.; La Verde, N.; Maita, M.; Martínez, A.; Villahermosa, J.; Quintero, A.

2009-05-01

436

The Sign System in Chinese Landscape Paintings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paintings emerge from a culture field and must be interpreted in relation to the net of culture. A given culture will be implicated by the sign system used by the painter. Everyone agrees that in Chinese landscape paintings, the most important cultural bond is to ancient Chinese Taoism, and to a lesser degree, to Confucianism. Obviously, then, the…

McMahon, Cliff G.

2003-01-01

437

The Role of Iconicity in International Sign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the role of iconicity in International Sign Language (ISL), as used by interpreters for Deaf people at international conferences. In analyses of ISL, specific issues of iconicity (e.g., degree of abstractness, levels of application, competing motivations, and universality) are considered and applied to ISL data. The data…

Rosenstock, Rachel

2008-01-01

438

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis & septicaemia  

E-print Network

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis & septicaemia © Meningitis Trust July 2011 · Next review July at all. Early symptoms can include fever, headache, vomiting, muscle pain and fever with cold hands, cold hands & feet Unusual cry, moaning Tense, bulging fontanelle Neck stiffness, dislike bright lights

439

Cooperative Sign Language Tutoring: A Multiagent Approach  

E-print Network

is the natural means of communication for the hearing-impaired. These visual languages are based on signs, which system has its own data and own set of classifiers and there is no communication between different and a classifier, where every tutoring system acts as a client. Clients then need to to be connected in order

DeAngelis, Gregory

440

SIGN: Science, Inclusion and Growth in Norfolk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science, Inclusion, and Growth in Norfolk (SIGN) is a Public Understanding of Science project that seeks to use the understanding of plant and soil science to demonstrate that people with severe learning difficulties can find the scientific method of inquiry a relevant and rewarding route to self-confidence and an understanding of the events that…

Lefever, David; Symonds, Lynne

2000-01-01

441

Psychological Testing of Sign Language Interpreters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight sign language interpreters participated in a battery of tests to determine if a profile of cognitive, motor, attention, and personality attributes might distinguish them as a group and at different credential levels. Eight interpreters held Level II and nine held Level III Virginia Quality Assurance Screenings (VQAS); the other 11…

Seal, Brenda C.

2004-01-01

442

American Sign Language Curricula: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an exponential growth in the number of schools that offer American Sign Language (ASL) for foreign language credit and the different ASL curricula that were published. This study analyzes different curricula in its assumptions regarding language, learning, and teaching of second languages. It is found that curricula vary in their…

Rosen, Russell S.

2010-01-01

443

A fair protocol for signing contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two parties, A and B, want to sign a contract C over a communication network. To do so, they must simultaneously exchange their commitments to C. Since simultaneous exchange is usually impossible in practice, protocols are needed to approximate simultaneity by exchanging partial commitments in piece-by-piece manner. During such a protocol, one party or another may have a slight advantage;

Michael Ben-or; Oded Goldreich; Silvio Micali; Ronald L. Rivest

1990-01-01

444

Why Young Athletes Sign Up for Sports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students participate in sports because of several reasons. A coach may effectively guide his team if he knows what motivates each player. In this article, the authors investigate the reasons why athletes sign up for sports. They designed a questionnaire with open-ended and close-ended questions which focuses on how students perceived sports, why…

McGee, Zach; Strasser, Joe; McKenzie, Isaac; Stoll, Sharon

2005-01-01

445

Identifying Depiction in American Sign Language Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines depiction in American Sign Language (ASL) presentations. The impetus for this study came from my work as an instructor in an interpreter education program. The majority of ASL/English interpreters are second language learners of ASL, and many of them find some features of ASL challenging to learn. These features are…

Thumann, Mary Agnes

2010-01-01

446

[Skin changes as signs of gastrointestinal disorders].  

PubMed

In many gastrointestinal disorders associated skin diseases and cutaneous signs can be seen as first manifestations and make a diagnosis of the internal disease possible. Gastrointestinal disorders with characteristic skin lesions include various tumors, inflammatory and vascular diseases. Knowledge of the clinical presentations and their associations is important both for dermatologists and gastroenterologists. PMID:24983198

Kulichová, D; Schauber, J; Ruzicka, T

2014-07-01

447

Grammar, Gesture, and Meaning in American Sign Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In sign languages of the Deaf, now recognized as fully legitimate human languages, some signs can meaningfully point toward things or can be meaningfully placed in the space ahead of the signer. Such spatial uses of sign are an obligatory part of fluent grammatical signing. There is no parallel for this in vocally produced languages. This book…

Liddell, Scott K.

448

Rapid Microscopy and Use of Vital Dyes: Potential to Determine Viability of Cryptococcus neoformans in the Clinical Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Background Cryptococcus neoformans is the commonest cause of fungal meningitis, with a substantial mortality despite appropriate therapy. Quantitative culture of cryptococci in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during antifungal therapy is of prognostic value and has therapeutic implications, but is slow and not practicable in many resource-poor countries. Methods We piloted two rapid techniques for quantifying viable cryptococci using mixtures of live and heat-killed cryptococci cultured in vitro: (i) quantitative microscopy with exclusion staining using trypan blue dye, and (ii) flow cytometry, using the fluorescent dye 2?-7?-Bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(6)-carboxyfluorescein, acetoxymethyl ester (BCECF-AM). Results were compared with standard quantitative cryptococcal cultures. Quantitative microscopy was also performed on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. Results Both microscopy and flow cytometry distinguished between viable and non-viable cryptococci. Cell counting (on log scale) by microscopy and by quantitative culture were significantly linearly associated (p<0.0001) and Bland-Altman analysis showed a high level of agreement. Proportions of viable cells (on logit scale), as detected by flow cytometry were significantly linearly associated with proportions detected by microscopy (p<0.0001) and Bland-Altman analysis showed a high level of agreement. Conclusions Direct microscopic examination of trypan blue-stained cryptococci and flow-cytometric assessment of BCECF-AM-stained cryptococci were in good agreement with quantitative cultures. These are promising strategies for rapid determination of the viability of cryptococci, and should be investigated in clinical practice. PMID:25625210

McMullan, Brendan J.; Desmarini, Desmarini; Djordjevic, Julianne T.; Chen, Sharon C-A.; Roper, Michael; Sorrell, Tania C.

2015-01-01

449

[Catatonia de novo, report on a case: immediate vital prognosis and psychiatric prognosis in longer term].  

PubMed

We report on the case of a 20 year old woman with no previous psychiatric history, who displayed a first episode of catatonia with acute onset. Symptoms started plainly with sudden general impairment, intense asthenia, headache, abdominal pain and confusion. After 48 hours, the patient was first admitted to an emergency unit and transferred to an internal medicine ward afterwards. She kept confused. Her behaviour was bizarre with permanent swinging of pelvis, mannerism, answers off the point and increasingly poor. The general clinical examination was normal, except for the presence of a regular tachycardia (120 bpm). The paraclinical investigations also showed normal: biology, EEG, CT Scan, lumbar puncture. Confusion persisted. The patient remained stuporous, with fixed gazing and listening-like attitudes. She managed to eat and move with the help of nurses but remained bedridden. The neurological examination showed hypokinaesia, extended hypotonia, sweating, urinary incontinence, bilateral sharp reflexes with no Babinski's sign and an inexhaustible nasoorbicular reflex. The patient was mute and contrary, actively closed her eyes, but responded occasionally to simple instructions. For short moments, she suddenly engaged in inappropriate behaviors (wandering around) while connecting back to her environment answering the telephone and talking to her parents. The patient's temperature rose twice in the first days but with no specific etiology found. During the first 8 days of hospitalization, an antipsychotic treatment was administered: haloperidol 10 mg per os daily and cyamemazine 37.5 mg i.m. daily. Despite these medications, the patient worsened and was transferred to our psychiatric unit in order to manage this catatonic picture with rapid onset for which no organic etiology was found. On admission, the patient was stuporous, immobile, unresponsive to any instruction, with catalepsy, maintenance of postures, severe negativism and refusal to eat. A first treatment by benzodiazepine (clorazepate 20 mg i.v.) did not lead to any improvement. The organic investigations were completed with cerebral MRI and the ruling out of a Wilson's disease. Convulsive therapy was then decided. It proved dramatically effective from the first attempt; 4 shocks were carried out before the patient's relatives ask for her discharge from hospital. The patient revealed she had experienced low delirium during her catatonic state. The clinical picture that followed showed retardation with anxiety. She was scared with fear both for the other patients and the nursing team. She kept distant and expressed few affects. The treatment at the time of discharge was olanzapine 10 mg per os. She was discharged with a diagnosis of catatonia but with no specific psychiatric etiological diagnosis associated. She discontinued her follow-up a few weeks later. After one year, we had no information about her. Catatonia has now become rare but remains a problem for clinicians. We reviewed data concerning short term vital prognosis and psychiatric long term prognosis in catatonia. Lethal catatonia is associated with acute onset, both marked psychomotor and neurovegetative symptoms. In the light of literature, there is no proband clinical criterion during the episode that is of relevant diagnostic value to ascertain the psychiatric etiology. PMID:12640330

Patry, L; Guillem, E; Pontonnier, F; Ferreri, M

2003-01-01

450

Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.  

PubMed

The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology. PMID:25168014

Gambarotto, Andrea

2014-12-01

451

Syllabus Organic Chemistry Laboratory CHEM 222, Session A, summer 2013  

E-print Network

Syllabus Organic Chemistry Laboratory CHEM 222, Session A, summer 2013 Location Rooms 145 and 149 Sterling Chemistry Lab (SCL) Time 12:30-4:30pm M and W Instructor: Dr. Christine DiMeglio, 103 SCL, 203.vitale@yale.edu), 145 SCL, 432-3964. Teaching assistants: TBA Required materials: Lab textbook: Techniques in Organic

452

HURRICANE KATRINA: PERSPECTIVE FROM THE SOUTHERN HORTICULTURAL LABORATORY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This paper chronicles how the Southern Horticultural Laboratory reacted to the devastation of Hurricane Katrina. It also evaluates economic vitality of commodities researched at the station in contrast with storm effects on pecan and the demise of tung production. Surviving extremes of climate is a ...

453

A computer program for analyses of vital statistics-based occupational mortality data.  

PubMed

Routinely collected vital statistics mortality data (death certificate data) on occupation and industry are useful for (1) generating hypotheses about potential occupational hazards and (2) identifying occupational mortality differentials possibly associated with socioeconomic and life-style factors. This paper presents a Fortran program that analyzes occupational mortality using vital statistics and census data. The user can form any desired grouping of age, race, occupation (or industry), and cause of death codes for analysis. The program also allows stratification on social class or other user-defined correlates of occupation such as smoking behavior. Furthermore, program output can be used for Poisson regression analysis of mortality rates. PMID:2776451

Singleton, J A; Beaumont, J J; Doebbert, G

1989-10-01

454

Bleaching of a non-vital anterior tooth to remove the intrinsic discoloration  

PubMed Central

Intrinsic discoloration of a non-vital permanent incisor tooth due to trauma may have a significant esthetic and social impact on children and adolescents. Treatment options for discolored Non-vital teeth are bleaching, crowns or veneers. However, this restorative crown or veneer approach has a significant drawback of being an invasive technique. Intervention should be minimal destruction of tooth structure and should not compromise future restorative options. The advantage bleaching over crown is that it offers simple conservative approach in removal of stain and whitening discolored teeth without damaging tooth structure. PMID:25097441

Patil, Anandkumar G.; Hiremath, Vinaykumar; Kumar, R. Sheetal; Sheetal, Aparna; Nagaral, Suresh

2014-01-01

455

Paleomagnetics Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, the California Institute of Technology's Paleomagnetics Laboratory promotes its research of weakly magnetic geologic and biological materials. Users can learn about the facilities such as the biomagnetics lab and the automatic sampler. The website features the laboratory's recent research on many topics including extraterrestrial magnetism, magnetofossils, and historical geomagnetic field behavior. Visitors can find out more about the many laboratory members' research activities through links to their home pages. Researchers can download a selection of the group's publications. Everyone can enjoy the amazing images from recent geologic field trips across the globe.

456

PALILALIA IN SIGN LANGUAGE Sign languages, which use the hands and arms as  

E-print Network

describes the first known case of a deaf sign language user with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). PSP a progressive condition, and a consulting neurologist with expertise in movement disorders confirmed a diagnosis

457

Clinical laboratory accreditation in India.  

PubMed

Test results from clinical laboratories must ensure accuracy, as these are crucial in several areas of health care. It is necessary that the laboratory implements quality assurance to achieve this goal. The implementation of quality should be audited by independent bodies,referred to as accreditation bodies. Accreditation is a third-party attestation by an authoritative body, which certifies that the applicant laboratory meets quality requirements of accreditation body and has demonstrated its competence to carry out specific tasks. Although in most of the countries,accreditation is mandatory, in India it is voluntary. The quality requirements are described in standards developed by many accreditation organizations. The internationally acceptable standard for clinical laboratories is ISO15189, which is based on ISO/IEC standard 17025. The accreditation body in India is the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories, which has signed Mutual Recognition Agreement with the regional cooperation the Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation and with the apex cooperation the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation. PMID:22727005

Handoo, Anil; Sood, Swaroop Krishan

2012-06-01

458

Hydromechanics Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hydromechanics Laboratory supports midshipmen education, as well as midshipmen, faculty and staff research, in the areas of naval architecture and ocean engineering. The laboratory facilities include a large towing tank (380-ft long, 26- ft wide, and 16-ft deep), a small towing tank (120-ft long, 8-ft wide, and 5-ft deep), a coastal engineering wave basin (52-ft long, 48-ft wide, and

David L. Kriebel

459

PV3 at the Princeton CFD Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scientific activity in the CFD laboratory in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Princeton is centered on the development of advanced computational simulation techniques in the aerodynamic de- sign of modern aircraft, and the prediction hydrodynamic performance of ships. Computer codes based on on both structured body-fitted meshes and unstructured tetrahedral meshes have been developed in the

L. Martinelli; G. W. Cowles

2000-01-01

460

Signed Digit Representations of Minimal Hamming Weight  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors give an online algorithm for computing a canonical signed digit representation of minimal Hamming weight for any integer n. Using combinatorial techniques, the probability distributions Pr[Kr=h], where Kr is taken to be a random variable on the uniform probability space of k-digit integers is computed. Also, using a Markov chain analysis, it is shown that E(Kr)~(r-1)k \\/(r+1) as

Steven Arno; Ferrell S. Wheeler

1993-01-01

461

Brief assessment of negative dysmorphic signs  

PubMed Central

Body dysmorphic disorder is a body image dysperception, characterized either by an excessive preoccupation with a presumed or minimal flaw in appearance, or by unrecognition, denial, or even neglect regarding an obvious defect. These features are evaluated by a novel questionnaire, the Brief Assessment of Negative Dysmorphic Signs (BANDS). Moreover, the temperament and character background is examined. The relationship with addictive mentality/behavior and schizoaffectivity is also highlighted. Lastly, the potential shift toward cognitive impairment and dementia is considered. PMID:20856921

Fiori, Patrizia; Monaco, Antonio; Luigi, Maria Giannetti

2010-01-01

462

Vestibular disease: diseases causing vestibular signs.  

PubMed

Having determined whether a patient has central or peripheral vestibular disease, clinicians must then determine what diseases are likely to result in such a presentation. This article describes the more common diseases causing vestibular disease in dogs and cats. Having formulated a list of potential causes of vestibular disease, clinicians should proceed through a systematic investigation to diagnose the underlying condition. A companion article describes the anatomy, physiology, and clinical signs associated with vestibular disease. PMID:22847321

Lowrie, Mark

2012-07-01

463

Zone methods and the fermion sign problem  

E-print Network

We review a recently proposed approach to the problem of alternating signs for fermionic many body Monte Carlo simulations in finite temperature simulations. We derive an estimate for fermion wandering lengths and introduce the notion of permutation zones, special regions of the lattice where identical fermions may interchange and outside of which they may not. Using successively larger permutation zones, one can extrapolate to obtain thermodynamic observables in regimes where direct simulation is impossible.

Dean Lee

2002-09-03

464

Sign language aphasia from a neurodegenerative disease.  

PubMed

While Alois Alzheimer recognized the effects of the disease he described on speech and language in his original description of the disease in 1907, the effects of Alzheimer's disease (AD) on language in deaf signers has not previously been reported. We evaluated a 55-year-old right-handed congenitally deaf woman with a 2-year history of progressive memory loss and a deterioration of her ability to communicate in American Sign Language, which she learned at the age of eight. Examination revealed that she had impaired episodic memory as well as marked impairments in the production and comprehension of fingerspelling and grammatically complex sentences. She also had signs of anomia as well as an ideomotor apraxia and visual-spatial dysfunction. This report illustrates the challenges in evaluation of a patient for the presence of degenerative dementia when the person is deaf from birth, uses sign language, and has a late age of primary language acquisition. Although our patient could neither speak nor hear, in many respects her cognitive disorders mirror those of patients with AD who had normally learned to speak. PMID:22823942

Falchook, Adam D; Mayberry, Rachel I; Poizner, Howard; Burtis, David Brandon; Doty, Leilani; Heilman, Kenneth M

2013-01-01

465

Sign Language Aphasia from a Neurodegenerative Disease  

PubMed Central

While Alois Alzheimer recognized the effects of the disease he described on speech and language in his original description of the disease in 1907, the effects of Alzheimer disease on language in deaf signers has not previously been reported. We evaluated a 55 year old right handed congenitally deaf woman with a two year history of progressive memory loss and a deterioration of her ability to communicate in American Sign Language, which she learned at the age of eight. Examination revealed that she had impaired episodic memory as well as marked impairments in the production and comprehension of fingerspelling and grammatically complex sentences. She also had signs of anomia as well as an ideomotor apraxia and visual-spatial dysfunction. This report illustrates the challenges in evaluation of a patient for the presence of degenerative dementia when the person is deaf from birth, uses sign language, and has a late age of primary language acquisition. Although our patient could neither speak nor hear, in many respects her cognitive disorders mirror those of patients with Alzheimer disease who had normally learned to speak. PMID:22823942

Falchook, Adam D.; Mayberry, Rachel I.; Poizner, Howard; Burtis, David Brandon; Doty, Leilani; Heilman, Kenneth M.

2012-01-01

466

Phonological reduplication in sign language: Rules rule  

PubMed Central

Productivity—the hallmark of linguistic competence—is typically attributed to algebraic rules that support broad generalizations. Past research on spoken language has documented such generalizations in both adults and infants. But whether algebraic rules form part of the linguistic competence of signers remains unknown. To address this question, here we gauge the generalization afforded by American Sign Language (ASL). As a case study, we examine reduplication (X?XX)—a rule that, inter alia, generates ASL nouns from verbs. If signers encode this rule, then they should freely extend it to novel syllables, including ones with features that are unattested in ASL. And since reduplicated disyllables are preferred in ASL, such a rule should favor novel reduplicated signs. Novel reduplicated signs should thus be preferred to nonreduplicative controls (in rating), and consequently, such stimuli should also be harder to classify as nonsigns (in the lexical decision task). The results of four experiments support this prediction. These findings suggest that the phonological knowledge of signers includes powerful algebraic rules. The convergence between these conclusions and previous evidence for phonological rules in spoken language suggests that the architecture of the phonological mind is partly amodal. PMID:24959158

Berent, Iris; Dupuis, Amanda; Brentari, Diane

2014-01-01

467

PT Symmetry and the Sign Problem  

E-print Network

Generalized PT symmetry provides crucial insight into the sign problem for two classes of models. In the case of quantum statistical models at non-zero chemical potential, the free energy density is directly related to the ground state energy of a non-Hermitian, but generalized PT-symmetric Hamiltonian. There is a corresponding class of PT-symmetric classical statistical mechanics models with non-Hermitian transfer matrices. For both quantum and classical models, the class of models with generalized PT symmetry is precisely the class where the complex weight problem can be reduced to real weights, i.e., a sign problem. The spatial two-point functions of such models can exhibit three different behaviors: exponential decay, oscillatory decay, and periodic behavior. The latter two regions are associated with PT symmetry breaking, where a Hamiltonian or transfer matrix has complex conjugate pairs of eigenvalues. The transition to a spatially modulated phase is associated with PT symmetry breaking of the ground state, and is generically a first-order transition. In the region where PT symmetry is unbroken, the sign problem can always be solved in principle. Moreover, there are models with PT symmetry which can be simulated for all parameter values, including cases where PT symmetry is broken.

Peter N. Meisinger; Michael C. Ogilvie; Timothy D. Wiser

2010-09-03

468

Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy correlates to vital parameters during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in children.  

PubMed

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can monitor changes in cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) and tissue hemoglobin content (HbT). The relation between cerebral NIRS readings and vital parameters has not been analyzed before at a fine temporal scale. This study analyzed this relation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery in 10 children (0-9 years, 1,770 min of data records) by using a novel random-coefficient model. The analysis indicated that a small number of patients is sufficient for obtaining significant results with this model. Changes of vital parameters explained 84.7 % of rSO2 changes and 90.7 % of HbT changes. Cerebral rSO2 correlated positively with perfusion pressure and inversely with body temperature (P < 0.05). Cerebral HbT correlated positively with perfusion pressure, central venous pressure, and temperature and inversely with arterial oxygen saturation (P < 0.05). During hypothermic circulatory arrest, the half-life of the exponential rSO2 decay correlated to the rSO2 reserve (P = 0.016). In conclusion, NIRS readings of cerebral hemoglobin content and tissue oxygen saturation correlate well to vital parameters during CPB surgery in children. NIRS may therefore become a monitoring device for the neuroprotective optimization of those vital parameters. PMID:23852460

Menke, Jan; Möller, Gerhard

2014-01-01

469

Water: A Vital Resource. Environmental Education Supplementary Instructional Guide. Sixth Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Water related activities for sixth-grade students are presented as one possible way to incorporate environmental education into the existing curriculum of Hawaii schools. Designed as an interdisciplinary approach, the activities integrate numerous thematic and subject areas to teach that fresh water is a limited but vital natural resource. Topics…

Young, Donald B.; And Others

470

Science and Technology Pre-Service Teachers' Tendencies to Explain Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was carried out to determine the Science and Technology pre-service teachers' tendencies to explain vitality in a university located in Southeast Anatolia of Turkey in 2010-2011 academic year. The data were collected through the administration of a questionnaire developed by the researcher to 1st and 4th year Science and…

Ozdemir, Oguz

2012-01-01

471

Those parts of Mexico that border the United States play a vital role in the  

E-print Network

Those parts of Mexico that border the United States play a vital role in the Mexican economy investment and providing local jobs, Mexico's northern states have the highest growth rate and high- est per's economic development may come at a cost. In the communities that have sprung up around Mexico

Shyy, Wei

472

Small Mammals: Pests or Vital Components of the Ecosystem1 Carolyn Hull Sieg2  

E-print Network

Small Mammals: Pests or Vital Components of the Ecosystem1 Carolyn Hull Sieg2 ABSTRACT.--Small mammals regarded as "pests" should not be viewed separately'from other components in the ecosystem. Small mammals have significant influences on vegetation and soils, exert predatory pressure on other animals

473

The Value of Adopting Multiple Approaches and Methodologies in the Investigation of Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of "Ethnolinguistic Vitality" (EV) has received variable acceptance and support since its introduction by Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor. It has especially proven to be a valuable heuristic in studies of language maintenance and shift. However, the reliability and validity of the instruments used to investigate EV, especially…

McEntee-Atalianis, Lisa J.

2011-01-01

474

The effects of centrifugation, various synthetic media and temperature on the motility and vitality  

E-print Network

The effects of centrifugation, various synthetic media and temperature on the motility and vitality staining. Centrifugation of semen (diluted 1 : 1 with Tyrode) at forces of 500, 800, 1 800 and 2 500 x g (Al), dilution, centrifugation and influence of incubation temperature must also be evaluated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

Good nutrition is vital to life, like air and water, its a basic need.  

E-print Network

Good nutrition is vital to life, like air and water, its a basic need. Let's treat it like one. Who for all health and social care professionals, nutritional care in all curricula of health and social care professionals. G Increased knowledge: Measure the burden of illness and outcome of improved nutritional care

Manstein, Dietmar J.

476

Translating Basic Science into Commercial Opportunities the vitality of thought is in adventure  

E-print Network

Translating Basic Science into Commercial Opportunities the vitality of thought is in adventure #12 by utilizing the vast intellectual and physical resources of Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National universities participate in the translation of basic science into life enhancing technologies. We ask for your

Ge, Qiaode Jeff

477

Vital exhaustion, temperament, and cardiac reactivity in task-induced stress.  

PubMed

The associations between vital exhaustion (long-term stress), temperament, and cardiac reactivity were studied during an experimentally induced stress in a sample of 76 healthy subjects. Vital exhaustion was assessed with the Maastricht Questionnaire(MQ), and temperament with Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Cardiac reactivity was measured in terms of heart rate, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and pre-ejection period. They were continuously measured during three stressors, i.e. mental arithmetic, reaction time, and giving speech. Results showed that vital exhaustion (long-term stress) was first of all associated with parasympathetic withdrawal. In addition, among exhausted persons the initial parasympathetic tone had no effect on task-induced parasympathetic reactivity, whereas in non-exhausted subjects parasympathetic reactivity was greatest when initial parasympathetic tone was high. Vital exhaustion interacted with temperament and gender: exhausted, persistent women expressed the highest level of physiological stress reactivity. Findings suggest that background stress may diminish one's capacity to cope with acute stress. PMID:14706435

Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa; Heponiemi, Tarja

2004-01-01

478

The English-Only Movement: A Communication Analysis of Changing Perceptions of Language Vitality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers an extensive literature review across disciplines and media reports on the potential impact of the English-only movement. Examines how Anglo support for English-only policies limits the use, promotion, and salience of minority languages like Spanish in institutional settings and in the linguistic landscape. Examines language vitality

Barker, Valerie; Giles, Howard; Noels, Kimberly; Duck, Julie; Hecht, Michael; Clement, Richarde

2001-01-01

479

Demographic vital rates determine the performance advantage of crop-wild hybrids in lettuce  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Hybridization seems possible for many crop species after pollen transfer from crops to wild relatives in the surrounding vegetation. Subsequent introgression of crop-specific traits into wild relatives could lead to invasive introgressants. This process has become a public concern following the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops. Until now, few studies have used demographic vital rates to compare the

D. A. P. Hooftman; J. G. B. Oostermeijer; M. Jacobs; Nijs den J. C. M

2005-01-01

480

An Analysis of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role of Local Civic Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This paper addresses the issue of neighborhood,vitality from the perspective of social capital building. Numerous studies have shown that social capital - a complex of networks, norms, and social trust that promotes citizens involvement,in local affairs - is crucial for the continuous well-being of communities. Among many political, economic, and cultural factors influencing social capital, the spatial dimension is

Irina V. Sharkova; Thomas W. Sanchez

481

Creative Collaboration between Chevron and CSUB: Research Experience Vitalizing Science -- University Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2007, Chevron has funded the Research Experience Vitalizing Science -- University Program (REVS-UP), which lasts four weeks each summer to develop Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) projects at CSUB [California State University, Bakersfield]. Over the past six years, a total of 26 STEM professors have led the…

Wang, Jianjun

2013-01-01

482

Evaluation of Efficacy of a Pulse Oximeter to Assess Pulp Vitality  

PubMed Central

Background: To evaluate the efficacy of pulse oximeter as a pulp vitality tester. Materials and Methods: The sample group consisted of 60 patients of age 15 to 30 years with normal maxillary anterior teeth. Thirty nonvital teeth with complete endodontic fillings were tested as control group. Systemic oxygen saturation values from the patient’s fingers served as the control sample for comparison of pulp oxygen saturation values. Readings were recorded on index fingers first; teeth were then evaluated by placing sensor onto the tooth. Results: Nonvital teeth recorded oxygen saturation values of 0%. The mean value for central incisor was 85.11 (SD ± 2.07), for lateral incisors 80.21 (SD ± 2.03) and for canines 89.55 (SD ± 1.09). Their control values (patient’s index fingers) averaged 95.88% (SD ± 0.66). Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a correlation of 0.11 for central incisors, 0.19 for lateral incisors and 0.12 for canines. Conclusion: This study confirms that pulse oximeter is effective equipment for pulp vitality testing. Pulse oximeter evidences the actual method of evaluating the pulp vitality compared to contemporary methods. How to cite the article: Sadique M, Ravi SV, Thomas K, Dhanapal P, Simon EP, Shaheen M. Evaluation of efficacy of a pulse oximeter to assess pulp vitality. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(3):70-2. PMID:25083036

Sadique, Mohammed; Ravi, S V; Thomas, Kunjamma; Dhanapal, Prasanth; Simon, Elsy P; Shaheen, Mohammed

2014-01-01

483

Centro vital Jueves, 04 de Septiembre de 2014 09:51  

E-print Network

Centro vital Jueves, 04 de Septiembre de 2014 09:51 {ifactumpie pie=5171} Recuperación Centro Tradicional de Bogotá. El foco de intervención es una zona que cubre un territorio de 471 como la protección del patrimonio cultural, mantenimiento de la diversidad de la zona, la permanencia

Amézquita, Adolfo

484

VIEW Handbook: Vital Information for Education and Work. Applications for the Local School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

VIEW (Vital Information for Education and Work) is essentially an information-gathering, storing, and dissemination system which uses microfiche application for information retrieval. It provides a means for giving current occupational information at a local level. The State of Michigan has made the VIEW project available to every junior and…

Marshall, John L.

485

Relationships, Variety & Synergy: The Vital Ingredients for Scholarship in Engineering Education? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins with the argument that within modern-day society, engineering has shifted from being the scientific and technical mainstay of industrial, and more recently digital change to become the most vital driver of future advancement. In order to meet the inevitable challenges resulting from this role, the nature of engineering education…

Clark, Robin; Andrews, Jane

2014-01-01

486

Un diagnostic vitalLe paludisme peut provoquer la mort, mais il est possible  

E-print Network

Un diagnostic vitalLe paludisme peut provoquer la mort, mais il est possible d'en guérir si la espèce peut provoquer un coma, des convulsions, des problèmes respiratoires ou une anémie. La mort peut

487

Wetlands and Fish: A Vital Connection 2 What is a Wetland? 3  

E-print Network

#12;Wetlands and Fish: A Vital Connection 2 What is a Wetland? 3 Are Wetlands Important? 4 Wetlands and their Surroundings 5 Wetlands in the U.S. Caribbean Region 6 Distribution 6 Common Wetland Types 7 Saltwater wetlands 7 Freshwater wetlands 7 Wetland Loss and Consequences 9 Fish Need Wetlands 10 Wetlands as Habitat 10

488

Reading VITALS (Visualizing, Interacting, and Talking while Applying Literacy Strategies) and Seventh-grade Students’ Reading Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

This quasi-experimental, concurrent mixed methods study investigated whether less-proficient readers in seventh-grade language arts classes using the Reading VITALS supplemental curricular intervention exhibited improved reading comprehension. VITALS is an acronym for Visualizing, Interacting, and Thinking while Applying Literacy Strategies. VITALS used a balanced approach of explicit reading instruction and collaborative classroom discussions in which the teacher shifted to the role

Barbara J. Radcliffe

2010-01-01

489

Students' Assessment of Interactive Distance Experimentation in Nuclear Reactor Physics Laboratory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory experiments develop students' skills in dealing with laboratory instruments and physical processes with the objective of reinforcing the understanding of the investigated subject. In nuclear engineering, where research reactors play a vital role in the practical education of students, the high cost and long construction time of…

Malkawi, Salaheddin; Al-Araidah, Omar

2013-01-01

490

Lung vital capacity and oxygen saturation in adults with cerebral palsy  

PubMed Central

Background Individuals with infantile cerebral palsy have multiple disabilities. The most conspicuous syndrome being investigated from many aspects is motor movement disorder with a spastic gait pattern. The lung function of adults with spasticity attracts less attention in the literature. This is surprising because decreased thoracic mobility and longstanding scoliosis should have an impact on lung function. With increasing age and the level of disability, individuals become susceptible to lung infections and reflux illness, and these are accompanied by increased aspiration risk. This study examined, with different methods, to what extent adults with congenital cerebral palsy and acquired spastic paresis – following traumatic brain injury – showed restriction of lung function. It also assessed the contribution of disability level on this restriction. Methods The oxygen saturation of 46 adults with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy was measured with an oximeter. Lung vital capacity was measured with a mobile spirometer and excursion of the thorax was clinically registered. The gross motor function levels and the presence or absence of scoliosis were determined. Results A significantly positive correlation between lung vital capacity and chest expansion was established. Both the lung vital capacity and the thorax excursion decreased with increases in gross motor function level. Oxygen saturation remained within the normal range in all persons, in spite of reduced values of the measured lung parameters. No statistically significant dependency between lung vital capacity and oxygen saturation, and between chest expansion and oxygen saturation was found. The scoliotic deformities of the spine were associated with an additional decrease in the vital capacity, but this did not affect blood oxygen supply. Conclusion Despite the decreased chest expansion and the significantly reduced lung volume in adults with cerebral palsy, sufficient oxygen supply was registered. PMID:25525345

Lampe, Renée; Blumenstein, Tobias; Turova, Varvara; Alves-Pinto, Ana

2014-01-01

491

Claude Bernard and an introduction to the study of experimental medicine: "physical vitalism," dialectic, and epistemology.  

PubMed

This article explores the profound impact of the thought of Claude Bernard (1813-78) and his philosophy of experimentalism elaborated in his masterwork An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. I argue that Bernard's far-ranging theoretical impact on medicine and biology marks the end of conventional vitalism and the elusive notion of a "vital force" as a legitimate scientific concept. His understanding of medicine is as epistemologically significant in its time as Newton's contribution was to the physical sciences in the seventeenth century. This essay treats Bernard's philosophical ambitions seriously, exploring his important, even central, role in the mental world of nineteenth-century France. This includes his influence on Henri Bergson (1859-1941) and other late-nineteenth century thinkers. The subtext of Bernard's experimental epistemology is also contrasted with a key idealist philosopher of the period, the German Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), and placed in the context of the larger European philosophical sphere. In contrast to much of mid-nineteenth-century philosophy, Bernard, in creating the framework for experimental medicine, argued for an experimental approach in which a priori assumptions were to be strictly constrained. Bernard's thoughts on the nature of experiment put an end to "systems" in medicine, ironically by replacing all previous medical philosophies with the all-embracing "system" of experiment. And yet, while "vital forces" fade after Bernard, a form of vitalism still flourishes. Even in Bernard's own work, in the struggle with concepts like determinism, complexity, and causality, there is a realization of the unique character of living function in a kind of "physical vitalism." PMID:17576723

Normandin, Sebastian

2007-10-01

492

Atlas international de la vitalite linguistique. Volume 2: L'Europe Occidentale = International Atlas of Language Vitality. Volume 2: Western Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The atlas offers a cartography of language functions, quantitatively measured in vitality rates, for Western Europe. The atlas has three parts: vitality by language; vitality by domain; and vitality by country. Eighty-three minority languages are covered. Domains considered include: global; religion; schools; mass media; administration; courts;…

McConnell, Grant D., Ed.; Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.

493

Simulation laboratory for evaluating dynamic traffic management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simulation laboratory for performance evaluation and design refinement of dynamic traffic management systems. The laboratory consists of four integrated components: (1) a traffic management simulator, which mimics the generation of route guidance and operations of traffic signals and signs; (2) a traffic flow simulator, which models individual vehicle movements and drivers` route choice decisions in the

M. E. Ban-Akiva; R. G. Mishalani; Q. Yang; H. N. Koutsopoulos

1997-01-01

494

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis? The signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF) ... respiratory, digestive, or reproductive systems of the body. Cystic Fibrosis Figure A shows the organs that cystic fibrosis ...

495

30 CFR 77.511 - Danger signs at electrical installations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Danger signs at electrical installations. 77.511 Section...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Electrical Equipment-General § 77.511 Danger signs at electrical installations. Suitable danger...

2010-07-01

496

30 CFR 77.511 - Danger signs at electrical installations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Danger signs at electrical installations. 77.511 Section...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Electrical Equipment-General § 77.511 Danger signs at electrical installations. Suitable danger...

2013-07-01

497

30 CFR 77.511 - Danger signs at electrical installations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Danger signs at electrical installations. 77.511 Section...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Electrical Equipment-General § 77.511 Danger signs at electrical installations. Suitable danger...

2011-07-01

498

30 CFR 77.511 - Danger signs at electrical installations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Danger signs at electrical installations. 77.511 Section...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Electrical Equipment-General § 77.511 Danger signs at electrical installations. Suitable danger...

2012-07-01

499

30 CFR 77.511 - Danger signs at electrical installations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Danger signs at electrical installations. 77.511 Section...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Electrical Equipment-General § 77.511 Danger signs at electrical installations. Suitable danger...

2014-07-01

500

Sign Language From the Space Station - Duration: 5:50.  

NASA Video Gallery

Astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson sent a special sign language message to Earth. Interpretation done by non-certified users of American Sign Language (ASL) who are fluent in conversational ASL; syntax...