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1

Vital signs monitoring system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system is disclosed for monitoring vital physiological signs. Each of the system components utilizes a single hybrid circuit with each component having high accuracy without the necessity of repeated calibration. The system also has low power requirements, provides a digital display, and is of sufficiently small size to be incorporated into a hand-carried case for portable use. Components of the system may also provide independent outputs making the component useful, of itself, for monitoring one or more vital signs. The overall system preferably includes an ECG amplifier and cardiotachometer signal conditioner unit, an impedance pneumograph and respiration rate signal conditioner unit, a heart/breath rate processor unit, a temperature monitoring unit, a selector switch, a clock unit, and an LCD driver unit and associated LCDs, with the system being capable of being expanded as needed or desired, such as, for example, by addition of a systolic/diastolic blood pressure unit.

Steffen, Dale A. (Inventor); Sturm, Ronald E. (Inventor); Rinard, George A. (Inventor)

1981-01-01

2

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Adult Obesity Obesity Rises Among Adults August 2010 72M+ More than ... eating and active living. Issue Details Problem Adult Obesity Obesity is a national epidemic, causing higher medical ...

3

CDC Vital Signs: Alcohol Screening and Counseling  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Alcohol Screening and Counseling An effective but underused health ... for alcohol screening and counseling. Key points on alcohol consumption from the 2010 US Dietary Guidelines for ...

4

CDC Vital Signs: Progress on Childhood Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Progress on Childhood Obesity Many States Show Declines August 2013 1 in ... 8 preschoolers is obese in the US. 19 Obesity among low-income preschoolers declined, from 2008 through ...

5

CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Child Passenger Safety Buckle up every age, every trip ... on the road. Parents and caregivers can keep children safe by: Knowing how to use car seats, ...

6

CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Making Health Care Safer Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now ... CRE infections on your state's Notifiable Diseases list. Health Care CEOs/Medical Officers can Require and strictly enforce ...

7

Universal access to essential vital signs monitoring.  

PubMed

Much more than a telephone, today's mobile device has become an integral part of the way we interface with the world. Mobile devices have the computing capability, display, and battery power to become powerful medical devices that measure vital signs and provide intelligent interpretation or immediate transmission of information. The widespread adoption of mobile devices, even in low-resource settings, promises to make vital signs monitoring available anywhere and at low cost. This readily available computing power will also extend the utility of vital signs monitoring to new clinical indications, especially with the use of additional processing and integration of information. This review will focus on the universal promotion of pulse oximetry and advanced processing of plethysmography to assess variables such as respiratory rate, capillary refill time, and fluid responsiveness, and how these measurements may assist with perioperative monitoring, diagnosis, and management of pneumonia in children and preeclampsia in pregnancy when combined with mobile devices. PMID:24023026

Ansermino, J Mark

2013-10-01

8

A Physical Assessment Skills Module on Vital Signs  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To implement and evaluate a physical assessment module for pharmacy students. Design. A physical assessment module focusing on vital signs was incorporated into the curriculum for third-year pharmacy students. This module consisted of an online component, a practical skills workshop, and a clinical practice site. Assessment. The mean score on the in-class quiz, which evaluated students’ knowledge of physical assessment after completion of the online module, was 94%. During the practical skills laboratory, 48% of student-measured systolic blood pressure (BP) readings and 60% of student-measured diastolic BP readings were within 5 mmHg of the machine reading. In the assessment of blood pressure technique, areas of difficulty included detection of Korotkoff sounds; steady deflation of cuff; and hand-eye coordination. Conclusion. Students more frequently underestimated systolic BP than the diastolic BP when compared to the automated machine readings. Findings from this study will be used to improve existing modules and evaluation methods on the physical assessment of vital signs. PMID:25258442

Louizos, Christopher; Frankel, Grace; Iacovides, Harris; Falk, Jamie; Dunford, Drena; Brink, Kelly; Kleiman, Nancy; Davis, Christine; Renaud, Robert

2014-01-01

9

CDC Vital Signs: Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries: Costly but Preventable  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries Costly but Preventable October 2014 1M ... to prevent future crashes. Issue Details Problem Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury in ...

10

CDC Vital Signs: High Blood Pressure and Cholesterol  

MedlinePLUS

... Vital Signs Share Compartir High Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Out of Control February 2011 39 Every 39 ... cdc.gov/GISCVH2/ High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol Among US Adults SOURCES: National Health and Nutrition ...

11

CDC Vital Signs: New Hope for Stopping HIV  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir New Hope for Stopping HIV Testing and Medical Care ... AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and early death. There's new hope today for stopping HIV in the US. ...

12

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Smoking among People with Mental Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Adult Smoking Focusing on People with Mental Illness February 2013 ... developmental or substance abuse disorder. Issue Details Problem Smoking is much more common in adults with mental ...

13

CDC Vital Signs: HIV Among Youth in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir HIV Among Youth in the US Protecting a Generation ... Issue Details Problem Many people get infected with HIV as a teen or young adult New HIV ...

14

Vital signs of life on distant worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ozone in a planet's spectrum may indicate the presence of life hi-res Size hi-res: 673 kb Credits: ESA 2001. Illustration by Medialab Ozone in a planet's spectrum may indicate the presence of life Darwin will most probably look for the spectral signature of ozone, which is unlikely to exist in any quantity for any length of time in the atmosphere of a planet that is not home to life. The background image is a view of Earth seen by the Apollo 17 crew as they traveled toward the Moon. The white patch at the bottom is Antarctica. Unobscured by clouds, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula are visible at the top of this image. The large island off the coast of Africa is the Malagasy Republic. Looking for Earth-like planets hi-res Size hi-res: 2106 Kb Credits: ESA 2002. Illustration by Medialab Looking for Earth-like planets Darwin has six telescopes that analyse the atmospheres of Earth-like planets Darwin's flotilla hi-res Size hi-res: 902 Kb Credits: ESA 2002. Illustration by Medialab Darwin's flotilla Darwin's six telescopes, a central view-combining spacecraft, and communication satellite (shown bottom left) Our radio and television broadcasts have been leaking into space since the 1930s, when the first powerful emitters were constructed. However, you can do things the other way around as well. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) has used radio telescopes to listen to the cosmos for similar signals. Nowadays, astrobiologists are pinpointing more subtle signs that all life, not just intelligent life, might radiate into space. They call these telltale signatures 'biomarkers'. When ESA's Darwin mission begins sending back data in the next decade, biomarkers will help indicate whether neighbouring planets are inhabited. If we only used radio waves as markers of life, this would exclude all forms of life that have not yet developed the means to emit radio waves. Life has been around for thousands of millions of years, but human beings have used radio waves for less than a century. Malcolm Fridlund, Project Scientist for ESA's Darwin mission says, "If other planets follow the Earth's pattern, it is much more likely that they will be inhabited by dinosaurs or even bacteria than by something that can count." In the 1970s, the British scientist James Lovelock pointed out that, just by breathing, life affects the composition of the Earth's atmosphere. He suggested looking for similar effects as a way to search with telescopes for life on other planets. You can study the composition of an atmosphere by splitting a planet's light into a rainbow of colours. This 'spectrum' will contain dark lines made by various chemicals in the planet's atmosphere. Darwin's strategy is to look for oxygen because oxygen is used by some life forms and produced as waste by others. Scientists believe that without life, all free oxygen in a planet's atmosphere would disappear within just four million years, because it reacts so easily with other chemicals. "The best estimates suggest that Darwin will be able to detect the build-up of oxygen caused within a few hundred million years of life's origin," says Fridlund. Although Darwin will not detect oxygen directly, it will 'see' ozone, a form of oxygen. It will also see carbon dioxide, water, and, in certain cases, methane. Fridlund says, "The general consensus is that if we find ozone, liquid water, and carbon dioxide simultaneously, it will be a very strong indicator of life's presence." The work will not stop once Darwin completes its survey of the nearest several thousand star-planet systems. Once it finds a living planet, the race will be on to understand the nature of its life forms. That means searching for more specific biomarkers. In future space missions, for example, scientists may use chlorophyll as a biomarker. This molecule allows plants and certain bacteria to use light as an energy source. "Finding the next generation of biomarkers is a very active field of research at the moment," says Fridlund. He can see a future in which space telescope

2003-01-01

15

SECURE CRITICAL CARE RESOURCE OPTIMIZATION BASED ON HETEROGENEOUS VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

SECURE CRITICAL CARE RESOURCE OPTIMIZATION BASED ON HETEROGENEOUS VITAL SIGNS by MOHAMED KHEDR A UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK #12;iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank the members of my committee Professors support and patience. #12;v Abstract Secure Critical Care Resource Optimization based on Heterogeneous

Khan, Bilal

16

BMI: a vital sign for patients and health professionals.  

PubMed

Body mass index (BMI) is a significant indicator of health and well-being.The notion of considering BMI as a vital sign was first put forward over a decade ago; however, many health-care professionals do not routinely measure height and weight, or calculate BMI. Given the current obesity epidemic, this oversight has implications for the diagnosis and management of obesity and for appropriate healthcare delivery for obese patients. The authors propose that BMI should be considered a vital sign.They suggest that protocols be put in place to encourage health-care providers to record BMI routinely and to take action to address a BMI that is outside the normal range. Promoting the routine calculation of BMI on admission or initial assessment may encourage health-care professionals to become more aware of obesity and its impact on the patient and the health system. PMID:19149054

Kirk, Sara F L; Cramm, C Lisa; Price, Sheri L; Penney, Tarra L; Jarvie, Lorraine; Power, Hilda

2009-01-01

17

Vital Signs building work-up: The Museum of Anthropology  

SciTech Connect

The paper will present the structure and the results of an in depth study of the Museum of Anthropology, designed by Arthur Erickson Architects for the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and completed in 1976. Part of the Vital Signs Curriculum Project created by Cris Benton and administered through the University of California at Berkeley, this analytic project was designed and carried out by a faculty/student team in the Department of Architecture at the University of Washington. The significance of this study is the simultaneous presentation of qualitative and quantitative information about the thermal and luminous environment of this building.

Millet, M.S. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Architecture; Erwine, B. [Lighting Design Lab., Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-12-31

18

Validation of vital signs recorded via a new telecare system.  

PubMed

A telecare system (Medic4All) has been developed that relies on a wireless wristwatch-like sensor to measure the pulse wave from the radial artery. From this, the heart rate and respiration rate are derived. The system's performance was examined by comparing the results obtained from the pulse wave signal with those obtained from conventional electrocardiographic and spirometer devices. A total of 144 patients participated in the study; their mean (SD) age was 43 (18) years. There were 44 cardiac patients in group 1 and 100 healthy patients, who were studied in their homes, in group 2. There was a significant correlation between the heart rates measured by the two monitoring methods. A 'difference versus average' analysis showed that the error distribution had a mean (SD) value of -0.1 (3.3) beats/min. Similarly, the respiration rates measured by the two techniques were significantly correlated. The error distribution had a mean (SD) value of 0.1 (1.9) respirations/min. The present study suggests that the wrist-worn sensor represents a promising tool for online detection and monitoring of vital signs in the home. PMID:14680516

Kornowski, Ran; Zlochiver, Sharon; Botzer, Lior; Tirosh, Roy; Abboud, Shimon; Misan, Shai

2003-01-01

19

Vital sign sensing method based on EMD in terahertz band  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-contact respiration and heartbeat rates detection could be applied to find survivors trapped in the disaster or the remote monitoring of the respiration and heartbeat of a patient. This study presents an improved algorithm that extracts the respiration and heartbeat rates of humans by utilizing the terahertz radar, which further lessens the effects of noise, suppresses the cross-term, and enhances the detection accuracy. A human target echo model for the terahertz radar is first presented. Combining the over-sampling method, low-pass filter, and Empirical Mode Decomposition improves the signal-to-noise ratio. The smoothed pseudo Wigner-Ville distribution time-frequency technique and the centroid of the spectrogram are used to estimate the instantaneous velocity of the target's cardiopulmonary motion. The down-sampling method is adopted to prevent serious distortion. Finally, a second time-frequency analysis is applied to the centroid curve to extract the respiration and heartbeat rates of the individual. Simulation results show that compared with the previously presented vital sign sensing method, the improved algorithm enhances the signal-to-noise ratio to 1 dB with a detection accuracy of 80%. The improved algorithm is an effective approach for the detection of respiration and heartbeat signal in a complicated environment.

Xu, Zhengwu; Liu, Tong

2014-12-01

20

Transmission and display technology for vital signs based on HTML5 canvas and COMET machanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vital sign's transmission and display is key point for telemedicine application. the usual solution is based on C\\/S architecture, which has poor compatibility and lacks of flexibility. In this paper, we push data from server to browser automatically using COMET mechanism and display vital signs data such as ECG data in browser using HTML5 canvas tag, which explores one new

Xie Yue

2011-01-01

21

Harmonic Path (HAPA) Algorithm for Noncontact Vital Signs Monitoring with IRUWB Radar  

E-print Network

is needed not only for patient's comfort but also their safety. Impulse Radio Ultra-Wideband (IR-UWB) radar. INTRODUCTION Vital sign monitoring is fundamental in health care as knowledge of the patient's heart rate (HR consistently and accurately [1]. Currently the most common form of vital sign monitoring in hospitals is pulse

Ingram, Mary Ann

22

Validating Emergency Department Vital Signs Using a Data Quality Engine for Data Warehouse  

PubMed Central

Background : Vital signs in our emergency department information system were entered into free-text fields for heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, temperature and oxygen saturation. Objective : We sought to convert these text entries into a more useful form, for research and QA purposes, upon entry into a data warehouse. Methods : We derived a series of rules and assigned quality scores to the transformed values, conforming to physiologic parameters for vital signs across the age range and spectrum of illness seen in the emergency department. Results : Validating these entries revealed that 98% of free-text data had perfect quality scores, conforming to established vital sign parameters. Average vital signs varied as expected by age. Degradations in quality scores were most commonly attributed logging temperature in Fahrenheit instead of Celsius; vital signs with this error could still be transformed for use. Errors occurred more frequently during periods of high triage, though error rates did not correlate with triage volume. Conclusions : In developing a method for importing free-text vital sign data from our emergency department information system, we now have a data warehouse with a broad array of quality-checked vital signs, permitting analysis and correlation with demographics and outcomes. PMID:24403981

Genes, N; Chandra, D; Ellis, S; Baumlin, K

2013-01-01

23

CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer Antibiotic Rx in Hospitals  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Making Health Care Safer Antibiotic Rx in Hospitals: Proceed with Caution ... resistance and improving prescribing practices. Work with other health care facilities to prevent infections, transmission, and resistance. Issue ...

24

NASA life sciences. An improvement in vital signs.  

PubMed

Last week a hefty Russian module with living and working quarters for astronauts docked with the pieces of the international space station already in orbit, a critical step in creating a full-time orbiting laboratory. Meanwhile, NASA bureaucrats put the finishing touches on a realignment of the agency's struggling biology effort that should bolster fundamental research and allow scientists to make better use of the facility, scheduled to be completed in 2005. The two events raise the hopes of U.S. academic space life scientists that their discipline is at last on the ascent at NASA. PMID:10950708

Lawler, A

2000-08-01

25

The effect of reflexotherapy on patients' vital signs before coronary artery bypass graft surgery  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Medical operation is an anxious factor that causes physiological reactions in body which consequently increases respiratory rate, heart rate and blood pressure. The aim of this study is assessing the effect of reflexotherapy on vital signs of patients before coronary artery bypass surgery in Shahid Chamran hospital of Isfahan. METHODS: Fifty volunteer patients candidated for coronary artery bypass surgery were enrolled in this clinical trial. They were divided in two (control and treatment) groups. Vital signs were measured pre and post 30 minutes reflexotherapy in treatment group. Vital signs were also measured in patients in control group at the same condition of the treatment group, but reflexotherapy was not performed. RESULTS: The mean differences of vital signs was not significant in control and treatment groups at the baseline. But post reflexotherapy intervention, systolic and diastolic blood pressure lowered significantly in the treatment group in comparison with control group (p < 0.05). No significant changes were observed for other vital sign. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study shows that reflexotherapy is a safe, effective, cheep nursing intervention in reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure of patients before coronary artery bypass surgery. PMID:22039373

Moeini, Mahin; Kahangi, Leila Sadat; Valiani, Mahboobeh; Heshmat, Reza

2011-01-01

26

The detection of 4 vital signs of in-patients Using fuzzy database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Actually in order to improve in the performance of the Hospital's administrator, by serve patients effectively and efficiently, the role of information technology become the dominant support. Especially when it comes to patient's conditions, such that it will be reported to a physician as soon as possible, including monitoring the patient's conditions regularly. For this reason it is necessary to have a Hospital Monitoring Information System, that is able to provide information about the patient's condition which is based on the four vital signs, temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration. To monitor the 4 vital signs, the concept of fuzzy logic is used, where the vital signs number approaches 1 then the patient is close to recovery, and on the contrary, when the vital signs number approaches 0 then the patient still has problems. This system also helps nurses to provide answers to the relatives of patients, who wants to know the development of the patient's condition, including the recovery percentage based on the average of Fuzzy max from the 4 vital signs. Using Fuzzy-based monitoring system, the monitoring of the patient's condition becomes simpler and easier.

Haris Rangkuti, A.; Erlisa Rasjid, Zulfany

2014-03-01

27

Monitors Track Vital Signs for Fitness and Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Have you ever felt nauseous reading a book in the back seat of a car? Or woken from a deep sleep feeling disoriented, unsure which way is up? Momentary mixups like these happen when the sensory systems that track the body's orientation in space become confused. (In the case of the backseat bookworm, the conflict arises when the reader s inner ear, part of the body s vestibular system, senses the car s motion while her eyes are fixed on the stationary pages of the book.) Conditions like motion sickness are common on Earth, but they also present a significant challenge to astronauts in space. Human sensory systems use the pull of gravity to help determine orientation. In the microgravity environment onboard the International Space Station, for example, the body experiences a period of confusion before it adapts to the new circumstances. (In space, even the body s proprioceptive system, which tells the brain where the arms and legs are oriented without the need for visual confirmation, goes haywire, meaning astronauts sometimes lose track of where their limbs are when they are not moving them.) This Space Adaptation Syndrome affects a majority of astronauts, even experienced ones, causing everything from mild disorientation to nausea to severe vomiting. "It can be quite debilitating," says William Toscano, a research scientist in NASA s Ames Research Center Psychophysiology Laboratory, part of the Center s Human Systems Integration Division. "When this happens, as you can imagine, work proficiency declines considerably." Since astronauts cannot afford to be distracted or incapacitated during critical missions, NASA has explored various means for preventing and countering motion sickness in space, including a range of drug treatments. Many effective motion sickness drugs, however, cause undesirable side effects, such as drowsiness. Toscano and his NASA colleague, Patricia Cowings, have developed a different approach: Utilizing biofeedback training methods, the pair can teach astronauts, military pilots, and others susceptible to motion sickness to self-regulate their own physiological responses and suppress the unpleasant symptoms. This NASA-patented method invented by Cowings is called the Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (ATFE), and several studies have demonstrated its promise

2012-01-01

28

Assessment of cognitive performance using CNS vital signs after electroconvulsive treatment of schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Little is known how electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) affects cognitive functions in subjects with schizophrenia. Assessment of cognitive functions in subjects with schizophrenia treated with ECT was performed using CNS Vital Signs computerized battery of tests. Thirteen patients treated with ECT plus antipsychotics were assessed before and after 12 to 15 bilateral ECT sessions. We did not find any important changes between pre-ECT and post-ECT cognitive performance. We also found that CNS Vital Signs is a useful computerized battery test for assessing cognitive functions of subjects treated with ECT. PMID:24080543

Wysoki?ski, Adam; Dzienniak, Ma?gorzata; K?oszewska, Iwona

2014-03-01

29

Vital Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a statistical record of the progress of African Americans in U.S. higher education institutions, focusing on the black-white higher education equality index; statistics that measure the state of racial inequality; the superior graduation rates of black scholarship athletes; and whether the college athletic powerhouses are ignoring the…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2003

2003-01-01

30

The Sixth Vital Sign Fna Forms New Committee To Tackle Low Health Literacy  

E-print Network

The Sixth Vital Sign Fna Forms New Committee To Tackle Low Health Literacy Nearly half of all rate of health literacy in the U.S. is cause for concern for leaders of the Florida Nurses Association. In an effort to make headway on this complex issue, the FNA has formed a new Health Literacy Committee

Belogay, Eugene A.

31

The effect of reflexotherapy on some of the patients' vital signs before CABG surgery  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The operation is a anxious factor that causes physiological reactions in body, and consequently increase respiratory, pulse and blood pressure physiological responses. The aim of this study is assessing the effect of reflexotherapy on some of physiological indicators of patients before coronary artery bypass surgery in shahid chamrnn hospital of Isfahan. METHODS: This study is a clinical trial. Fifty volunteer patients for coronary artery bypass surgery divided in control and treatment groups. vital sign were measured pre and post 30 minutes reflexotherapy in treatment group also for patients in control group vital sign were measured pre and post 30 minutes as same as conditions with treatment group but reflexotherapy was not performed in control group. Descriptive and inferential statistics methods of chi square, paired t test, independent t test with spss soft ware was applied for data analysis. RESULTS: The mean differences of vital sign at baseline in control and treatment groups not significant, but post reflexotherapy intervention systolic and diastolic blood pressure lowered significantly in the treatment group in comparison with control group (p < 0.05). No significant changes were observed for other vital sign. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study show that reflexotherapy is a safe, effective, cheep nursing intervention in reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure of patients before coronary artery bypass surgery. PMID:21772918

Moeini, Mahin; Kahangi, Leila Sadat; Valiani, Mahboobeh; Heshmat, Reza

2011-01-01

32

14 Dartmouth Medicine | dartmed.dartmouth.edu Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

14 Dartmouth Medicine | dartmed.dartmouth.edu Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS Getting medical students. Joseph O'Donnell ('71), the senior advising dean and a professor of medicine, select several first and a variety of health-care providers at both tribal and Indian Health Service facilities. Most useful, he

Myers, Lawrence C.

33

Reliability and validity of a computerized neurocognitive test battery, CNS Vital Signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS) is a computerized neurocognitive test battery that was developed as a routine clinical screening instrument. It is comprised of seven tests: verbal and visual memory, finger tapping, symbol digit coding, the Stroop Test, a test of shifting attention and the continuous performance test. Because CNSVS is a battery of well-known neuropsychological tests, one should expect its

C. Thomas Gualtieri; Lynda G Johnson

2006-01-01

34

Quantifying Risk of Adverse Clinical Events With One Set of Vital Signs Among Primary Care Patients with Hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND Hypertension is often uncontrolled. One reason might be physi- cians' reticence to modify therapy in response to single offi ce measurements of vital signs. METHODS Using electronic records from an inner-city primary care practice, we extracted information about vital signs, diagnoses, test results, and drug therapy available on the fi rst primary care visit in 1993 for patients with

William M Tierney; Margaret Brunt; Joseph Kesterson; Xiao-Hua Zhou; Gil L'Italien; Pablo Lapuerta

35

Whole body massage for reducing anxiety and stabilizing vital signs of patients in cardiac care unit  

PubMed Central

Background: Patients admitted in coronary care units face various stressors. Ambiguity of future life conditions and unawareness of caring methods intensifies the patients’ anxiety and stress. This study was conducted to assess the effects of whole body massage on anxiety and vital signs of patients with acute coronary disorders. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 120 patients. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group received a session of whole body massage and the control group received routine care. The levels of State, Trait and overall anxiety and vital signs were assessed in both groups before and after intervention. Independent sample t-test, paired t-test, Chi-square and Fischer exact tests were used for data analysis. Results: The baseline overall mean score of anxiety was 79.43±29.34 in the intervention group and was decreased to 50.38±20.35 after massage therapy (p=0.001). However, no significant changes were occurred in the overall mean anxiety in the control group during the study. The baseline diastolic blood pressure was 77.05±8.12 mmHg and was decreased to 72.18±9.19 mmHg after the intervention (p=0.004). Also, significant decreases were occurred in heart rate and respiration rate of intervention group after massage therapy (p=0.001). However, no significant changes were occurred in vital signs of the control group during the study. Conclusion: The results suggest that whole body massage was effective in reducing anxiety and stabilizing vital signs of patients with acute coronary disorders.

Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Abasi, Ali; Rajabi-Beheshtabad, Rahman

2014-01-01

36

Vital Signs Investigation in Subjects Undergoing MR Imaging at 8T  

Microsoft Academic Search

METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Eighteen normal subjects and 74 subjects with cerebral pathology con- sented for 8T UHF MR imaging. T2*-weighted gradient-echo and T2-weighted rapid acquisition relaxation excitement sequences were used. Physiologic vital signs measured included systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, electrocardiogram, heart rate (HR), respi- ratory rate (RR), and pulse oxygen saturation rate. They were collected

M. Yang; G. Christoforidis; A. Abduljali; D. Beversdorf

37

Effects of a Multimodal Preparation Package on Vital Signs of Patients Waiting for Coronary Angiography  

PubMed Central

Background: Patients waiting for coronary angiography are often anxious and worried, experiencing considerable emotional problems before the procedure, which can result in an increase in blood pressure (BP), heart rate, respiratory rate and the myocardial oxygen demand. Such maladaptive responses may not only increase the patients need for sedative drugs, but also could increase the length of post angiography hospitalization. Therefore, it is important to implement some supportive actions to decrease the patients’ anxiety and to stabilize their vital signs before coronary angiography. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a multimodal preparation package on vital signs of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Patients and Methods: A matched trial was conducted on 66 patients waiting for coronary angiography. Patients were assigned in intervention (n = 33) and control (n = 33) groups. A multimodal preparation package was implemented in intervention group, two hours before angiography. The data collection instrument consisted of questions on demographic characteristics and a table for recording the patients’ vital signs including systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), heart rate, respiratory rate and body temperature. Vital signs were measured three times, the day before angiography, 30 minutes before and 30 minutes after the angiography, using a thermometer and a monitoring device. Data analysis was performed using the Kolmogo-Smirnov test, t test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: From the total number of 66 patients, the 63.3% were male and married. No significant differences were observed between the mean of SBP and DBP and also the heart rate in the intervention and control groups, on the day before angiography. However, the mean SBP and DBP and heart rate of the intervention group were significantly lower compared to the control group, both 30 minutes before and 30 minutes after angiography. The intervention did not significantly change the respiration rate and temperature in the intervention group. Conclusions: The study showed that preparation package was effective in decreasing SBP and DBP, as well as heart rate. Therefore, using multimodal comprehensive preparation packages, such as the package used in the present report, is suggested.

Adib Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Moradi, Tayebeh; Mohseni, Raheleh

2014-01-01

38

Noncontact proximity vital sign sensor based on PLL for sensitivity enhancement.  

PubMed

In this paper, a noncontact proximity vital sign sensor, using a phase locked loop (PLL) incorporated with voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) built-in planar type circular resonator, is proposed to enhance sensitivity in severe environments. The planar type circular resonator acts as a series feedback element of the VCO as well as a near-field receiving antenna. The frequency deviation of the VCO related to the body proximity effect ranges from 0.07 MHz/mm to 1.8 MHz/mm (6.8 mV/mm to 205 mV/mm in sensitivity) up to a distance of 50 mm, while the amount of VCO drift is about 21 MHz in the condition of 60 (°)C temperature range and discrete component tolerance of ± 5%. Total frequency variation occurs in the capture range of the PLL which is 60 MHz. Thus, its loop control voltage converts the amount of frequency deviation into a difference of direct current (DC) voltage, which is utilized to extract vital signs regardless of the ambient temperature. The experimental results reveal that the proposed sensor placed 50 mm away from a subject can reliably detect respiration and heartbeat signals without the ambiguity of harmonic signals caused by respiration signal at an operating frequency of 2.4 GHz. PMID:24235311

Hong, Yunseog; Kim, Sang-Gyu; Kim, Byung-Hyun; Ha, Sung-Jae; Lee, Hee-Jo; Yun, Gi-Ho; Yook, Jong-Gwan

2014-08-01

39

20 CFR 220.113 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

...RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Medical Considerations § 220.113 Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings. Medical findings consist of symptoms, signs...chemical tests, electrophysiological studies (electrocardiogram,...

2014-04-01

40

Abstract--In this study, we analyzed a dataset of time-series vital-signs data collected by standard Propaq travel monitor  

E-print Network

Abstract--In this study, we analyzed a dataset of time-series vital-signs data collected of the vital-signs variables, and used the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC AUC and diagnostic decision-aid methods, we reviewed a dataset of time-series vital-signs data measured by a standard

41

Patient Reactions to Vital Sign Measures: Comparing Home Monitoring Technology to Face-to-Face Delivery  

PubMed Central

Increasingly home health agencies are using home-based technologies to monitor vital signs of chronically ill patients. Patients receive measurements such as blood pressure and weight that indicate risks to their health. Cognitive reactions to risk measures have been studied for face-to-face delivery; however, it is unknown whether the same reactions exist with technology delivery. Reported in this article are study results of a comparative content expert analysis of reactions to technology-delivered health-risk measures. Results suggest that patients have the similar reactions but may be more likely to just accept, without evaluating or considering threats to their health. As home telemonitoring applications continue to evolve, care must be taken avoid creating passive patients and develop best practices that use technology to encourage beneficial self-care behaviors. PMID:22337499

Shea, Kimberly; Chamoff, Breanna

2012-01-01

42

Safe patient transfer system with monitoring of location and vital signs.  

PubMed

In recent years, ubiquitous computing technologies have been applied in the field of medicine. Especially radio frequency identification (RFID) and small sensor networks could provide information about medical practices and patient status in order to prevent malpractices and improve the quality of medical care. As an example of this application, we developed a new system, named "a smart stretcher," which continuously monitors the patient's vital signs and detects apnea during transfer within a hospital. This system consists of a small air-mat type pressure sensor measuring both heart rate and respiration rate and a wireless network transmitting these vital data as well as patient ID to an alerting system to notify hospital staff of patient emergencies. Results of experiments in a clinical setting indicated that the system was reliable in continuous respiration monitoring and detection of apnea during patient transfer on the stretcher; however, detection of heartbeat rate was practically difficult because of the motion noises. Moreover patient ID and location were also correctly detected in real time. These results suggested the feasibility of our system for real clinical use. PMID:19845148

Ohashi, Kumiko; Kurihara, Yosuke; Watanabe, Kajiro; Tanaka, Hiroshi

2008-03-01

43

A magnetic induction measurement system for adult vital sign monitoring: evaluation of capacitive and inductive effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic induction (MI) measurement technique could provide an unobtrusive contactless method for continuous monitoring of vital signs such as breathing and cardiac activity in bed. In this paper, we present a magnetic induction system to evaluate the feasibility of monitoring heart and lung activity and the preliminary measurement results. The excitation and detection coils are designed to be implemented in a single printed circuit board, allowing the use of the system in a bed with coils under the mattress. The electronic system is based on a 16 bit arbitrary waveform generator (PXI-5422, National instrument) operating at a sample rate of 200 MS/s for the excitation signal and the detected amplified signal is then, sampled at 100 MS/s by a 14 bit digitizer (PXI-5122, National Instruments). The preliminary results at 10 MHz show the ability of the system to detect solutions with different conductivities. However the capacitive effect is in the same order of magnitude as the inductive effect due to eddy currents. Safety of the system has been evaluated to be in accordance with the standards of human exposure to the magnetic fields.

Mahdavi, H.; Rosell-Ferrer, J.

2013-04-01

44

Ontology-Driven Monitoring of Patient's Vital Signs Enabling Personalized Medical Detection and Alert  

PubMed Central

A major challenge related to caring for patients with chronic conditions is the early detection of exacerbations of the disease. Medical personnel should be contacted immediately in order to intervene in time before an acute state is reached, ensuring patient safety. This paper proposes an approach to an ambient intelligence (AmI) framework supporting real-time remote monitoring of patients diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF). Its novelty is the integration of: (i) personalized monitoring of the patients health status and risk stage; (ii) intelligent alerting of the dedicated physician through the construction of medical workflows on-the-fly; and (iii) dynamic adaptation of the vital signs’ monitoring environment on any available device or smart phone located in close proximity to the physician depending on new medical measurements, additional disease specifications or the failure of the infrastructure. The intelligence lies in the adoption of semantics providing for a personalized and automated emergency alerting that smoothly interacts with the physician, regardless of his location, ensuring timely intervention during an emergency. It is evaluated on a medical emergency scenario, where in the case of exceeded patient thresholds, medical personnel are localized and contacted, presenting ad hoc information on the patient's condition on the most suited device within the physician's reach. PMID:24445411

Hristoskova, Anna; Sakkalis, Vangelis; Zacharioudakis, Giorgos; Tsiknakis, Manolis; De Turck, Filip

2014-01-01

45

"Interns are vital to the laboratory. They are excited  

E-print Network

to a graduate program Survey (part of online application process) eligible for internships if they attend. Internships help us build collaborations with universities and expose the next generation of scientists-MECHANICAL MODELER INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITY The Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory is soliciting

Demirel, Melik C.

46

Laboratory Emergency Information Signs What Are They?  

E-print Network

Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Hazard Identification System. FLAMMABILITY (0-4) HEALTH (0-4) SPECIAL (W - Minimal The NFPA system uses a "diamond shape" to succinctly display the type and severity of hazards PDF version of the sign is available online at: http://safety.caltech.edu/documents/70-nfpa_2008.pdf

Heaton, Thomas H.

47

The association between vital signs and major hemorrhagic injury is significantly improved after controlling for sources  

E-print Network

Reifman PhDa, a Bioinformatics Cell, Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC), US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), ATTN: MCMR-TT, 504 Scott Street, Fort Detrick, MD 21702 care; Prehospital; Trauma Abstract Purpose: Measurement error and transient variability affect vital

48

Drug Evaluation and Classification Training: Session VII: Examination of Vital Signs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Upon successfully completing this session the student will be able to: (1) explain the purpose of the various signs examinations in the drug influence evaluation procedure; (2) explain the administrative procedures for these examinations; (3) explain the ...

2010-01-01

49

Effect of Massage Therapy on Vital Signs and GCS Scores of ICU Patients: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Background: Unalleviated complications related to hospitalization, including stress, anxiety, and pain, can easily influence different structures, like the neural system, by enhancing the stimulation of sympathetic nervous pathways and causing unstable vital signs and deterioration in the level of consciousness. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of massage therapy by family members on vital signs and Glasgow Coma Scale Score (GCS) of patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at the ICU of the Shariati Hospital during 2012; 45 ICU patients and 45 family members in the experimental group and the same number of patients and family members in the control group were consecutively selected . The data collection instrument consisted of two parts. The first part included demographic data (age, marital status and Body Mass Index) and the second part included a checklist to record the patient’s vital signs (systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), respiratory rate (RR), pulse rate (PR)) and GCS. All measurements were done at the same time in both groups before the intervention (full body massage therapy), and 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours, and 4 hours after intervention. The patients were provided with a 60-minute full body massage The massage protocol included static, surface tension, stretching, superficial lymph unload, transverse friction, and myofacial releasing techniques. Results: Significant differences were observed between experimental and control groups in the SBP at 1 hour, SBP 2 hours, and SBP 3 hours, and also in GCS at 1 hour to GCS at 4 hours (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed a significant difference between experimental and control groups in SBP at all time points (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Massage via family members had several positive effects on the patients’ clinical conditions, and therefore, it should be recognized as one of the most important clinical considerations in hospitalized patients. PMID:25337518

Vahedian-Azimi, Amir; Ebadi, Abbas; Asghari Jafarabadi, Mohammad; Saadat, Soheil; Ahmadi, Fazlollah

2014-01-01

50

Non-contact video-based vital sign monitoring using ambient light and auto-regressive models.  

PubMed

Remote sensing of the reflectance photoplethysmogram using a video camera typically positioned 1 m away from the patient's face is a promising method for monitoring the vital signs of patients without attaching any electrodes or sensors to them. Most of the papers in the literature on non-contact vital sign monitoring report results on human volunteers in controlled environments. We have been able to obtain estimates of heart rate and respiratory rate and preliminary results on changes in oxygen saturation from double-monitored patients undergoing haemodialysis in the Oxford Kidney Unit. To achieve this, we have devised a novel method of cancelling out aliased frequency components caused by artificial light flicker, using auto-regressive (AR) modelling and pole cancellation. Secondly, we have been able to construct accurate maps of the spatial distribution of heart rate and respiratory rate information from the coefficients of the AR model. In stable sections with minimal patient motion, the mean absolute error between the camera-derived estimate of heart rate and the reference value from a pulse oximeter is similar to the mean absolute error between two pulse oximeter measurements at different sites (finger and earlobe). The activities of daily living affect the respiratory rate, but the camera-derived estimates of this parameter are at least as accurate as those derived from a thoracic expansion sensor (chest belt). During a period of obstructive sleep apnoea, we tracked changes in oxygen saturation using the ratio of normalized reflectance changes in two colour channels (red and blue), but this required calibration against the reference data from a pulse oximeter. PMID:24681430

Tarassenko, L; Villarroel, M; Guazzi, A; Jorge, J; Clifton, D A; Pugh, C

2014-05-01

51

Frequency of Vital Signs Monitoring and its Association with Mortality among Adults with Severe Sepsis Admitted to a General Medical Ward in Uganda  

PubMed Central

Introduction Optimal vital signs monitoring of patients with severe sepsis in resource-limited settings may improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of vital signs monitoring of patients with severe sepsis and its association with mortality in a regional referral hospital in Uganda. Methods We reviewed medical records of patients admitted to Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital in Southwestern Uganda with severe sepsis defined by the presence of infection plus ?2 of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria, and ?1 organ dysfunction (altered mental state, hypotension, jaundice, or thrombocytopenia). We recorded frequency of vital signs monitoring in addition to socio-demographic, clinical, and outcome data. We analyzed the data using logistic regression. Results We identified 202 patients with severe sepsis. The median age was 35 years (IQR, 25–47) and 98 (48%) were female. HIV infection and anemia was present in 115 (57%) and 83 (41%) patients respectively. There were 67 (33%) in-hospital deaths. The median monitoring frequency per day was 1.1 (IQR 0.9–1.5) for blood pressure, 1.0 (IQR, 0.8–1.3) for temperature and pulse, and 0.5 (IQR, 0.3–1.0) for respiratory rate. The frequency of vital signs monitoring decreased during the course of hospitalization. Patients who died had a higher frequency of vital signs monitoring (p<0.05). The admission respiratory rate was associated with both frequency of monitoring (coefficient of linear regression 0.6, 95% CI 0.5–0.8, p<0.001) and mortality (AOR 2.5, 95% CI 1.3–5.3, p?=?0.01). Other predictors of mortality included severity of illness, HIV infection, and anemia (p<0.05). Conclusions More research is needed to determine the optimal frequency of vital signs monitoring for severely septic patients in resource-limited settings such as Uganda. PMID:24587094

Asiimwe, Stephen B.; Okello, Samson; Moore, Christopher C.

2014-01-01

52

ER 101: Vital Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... able to do so. Some glass thermometers contain mercury (the silver-colored liquid in the thermometer), which ... to humans and the environment. Glass thermometers containing mercury are no longer recommended. According to The Environmental ...

53

Microwave stethoscope: development and benchmarking of a vital signs sensor using computer-controlled phantoms and human studies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a new microwave-based method and associated measurement system for monitoring multiple vital signs (VS) as well as the changes in lung water content. The measurement procedure utilizes a single microwave sensor for reflection coefficient measurements, hence the name "microwave stethoscope (MiSt)," as opposed to the two-sensor transmission method previously proposed by the authors. To compensate for the reduced sensitivity due to reflection coefficient measurements, an improved microwave sensor design with enhanced matching to the skin and broadband operation, as well as an advanced digital signal processing algorithm are used in developing the MiSt. Results from phantom experiments and human clinical trials are described. The results clearly demonstrate that MiSt provides reliable monitoring of multiple VS such as the respiration rate, heart rate, and the changes in lung water content through a single microwave measurement. In addition, information such as heart waveforms that correlates well with electrocardiogram is observed from these microwave measurements. Details of the broadband sensor design, experimental procedure, DSP algorithms used for VS extraction, and obtained results are presented and discussed. PMID:23358946

Celik, Nuri; Gagarin, Ruthsenne; Huang, Gui Chao; Iskander, Magdy F; Berg, Benjamin W

2014-08-01

54

Measuring Health Literacy in Caregivers of Children: A Comparison of the Newest Vital Sign and S-TOFHLA.  

PubMed

Objective. We examined the performance of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) and the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) in caregivers of children. Method. Caregivers of children ?12 years old seeking care for their child in a pediatric emergency department (ED) were tested using the NVS and the S-TOFHLA to measure health literacy. The results were compared with ED use outcomes. Result. The S-TOFHLA was found to have a ceiling effect as compared to the NVS; few caregivers scored in low literacy categories (P < .0001). This finding was demonstrated in both lower (P = .01) and higher (P < .001) educational attainment groups. The NVS was predictive of ED use outcomes (P = .02 and P < .01) whereas the S-TOFHLA was not (P = .21 and P = .11). Conclusions. The measures do not seem to function similarly nor predict health outcomes equally. The NVS demonstrates sensitivity in identifying limited health literacy in younger adult populations. PMID:25006116

Morrison, Andrea K; Schapira, Marilyn M; Hoffmann, Raymond G; Brousseau, David C

2014-11-01

55

ISBN:0-86341-520-2 2005 IEE 141 CIMED2005 Proceedings WIRELESS PERSONAL MONITORING OF PATIENT MOVEMENT AND VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

trial is evaluating personal monitoring devices designed to record movement, heart rate and respirationISBN:0-86341-520-2 © 2005 IEE 141 CIMED2005 Proceedings WIRELESS PERSONAL MONITORING OF PATIENT MOVEMENT AND VITAL SIGNS J. Boyle T. Wark M. Karunanithi e-Health Research Centre, Australia ABSTRACT We

Chen, Zhuo

56

Record Review to Explore the Adequacy of Post-Operative Vital Signs Monitoring Using a Local Modified Early Warning Score (Mews) Chart to Evaluate Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objectives 1) To explore the adequacy of: vital signs’ recordings (respiratory and heart rate, oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure (BP), temperature, level of consciousness and urine output) in the first 8 post-operative hours; responses to clinical deterioration. 2) To identify factors associated with death on the ward between transfer from the theatre recovery suite and the seventh day after operation. Design Retrospective review of records of 11 patients who died plus four controls for each case. Participants We reviewed clinical records of 55 patients who met inclusion criteria (general anaesthetic, age >13, complete records) from six surgical wards in a teaching hospital between 1 May and 31 July 2009. Methods In the absence of guidelines for routine post-operative vital signs’ monitoring, nurses’ standard practice graphical plots of recordings were recoded into MEWS formats (0?=?normal, 1–3 upper or lower limit) and their responses to clinical deterioration were interpreted using MEWS reporting algorithms. Results No patients’ records contained recordings for all seven parameters displayed on the MEWS. There was no evidence of response to: 22/36 (61.1%) abnormal vital signs for patients who died that would have triggered an escalated MEWS reporting algorithm; 81/87 (93.1%) for controls. Death was associated with age, ?61 years (OR 14.2, 3.0–68.0); ?2 pre-existing co-morbidities (OR 75.3, 3.7–1527.4); high/low systolic BP on admission (OR 7.2, 1.5–34.2); tachycardia (?111–129 bpm) (OR 6.6, 1.4–30.0) and low systolic BP (?81–100 mmHg), as defined by the MEWS (OR 8.0, 1.9–33.1). Conclusions Guidelines for post-operative vital signs’ monitoring and reporting need to be established. The MEWS provides a useful scoring system for interpreting clinical deterioration and guiding intervention. Exploration of the ability of the Cape Town MEWS chart plus reporting algorithm to expedite recognition of signs of clinical and physiological deterioration and securing more skilled assistance is essential. PMID:24498075

Kyriacos, Una; Jelsma, Jennifer; Jordan, Sue

2014-01-01

57

Making pain visible: an audit and review of documentation to improve the use of pain assessment by implementing pain as the fifth vital sign.  

PubMed

Pain has been promoted as the fifth vital sign for a decade, but there is little empirical evidence to suggest that doing so has affected the care of individuals suffering pain. This was a three-stage audit of pain assessment in one large teaching hospital in the Northwest of England. Stage one measured the baseline pain assessment activity on surgical and medical wards and identified that the pain assessment tool was not visible to nurses. Stage two redesigned the patient observation charts held at the end of the bed and piloted two versions for clinical utility. Version 2 which had pain assessment alongside the early warning score was adopted and introduced throughout the hospital. Stage three audited pain assessment and management 8 months after the introduction of the new charts. Pain was assessed more regularly at the stage three audit than at the baseline audit. On average, pain was assessed alongside other routine observations 70% of the time across surgical and medical wards. Medical wards appeared to improve their pain assessment using the philosophy of pain being the fifth vital sign better than surgical wards, because they assessed pain alongside routine observations in >90% of cases. Stage three identified that where a high pain score was recorded, analgesia was delivered in the majority of cases (88%). Introducing the philosophy of pain as the fifth vital sign and making pain assessment more visible on the patient observation chart improved the uptake of pain assessment. Pain management strategies were stimulated when high pain scores were identified. PMID:24602432

Purser, Liz; Warfield, Kelly; Richardson, Cliff

2014-03-01

58

CDC Vital Signs: Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... than white women. The reasons for this difference result from many factors including having more aggressive cancers and fewer social and economic resources. To improve this disparity, black women need ...

59

Aging changes in vital signs  

MedlinePLUS

... Normal body temperature does not change much with aging. But as you get older, it becomes harder ... to wear layers of clothing to feel warm. Aging decreases your ability to sweat. You may have ...

60

Estuarine water quality in parks of the Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network: Development and early implementation of vital signs estuarine nutrient-enrichment monitoring, 2003-06  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report documents results of pilot tests of a protocol for monitoring estuarine nutrient enrichment for the Vital Signs Monitoring Program of the National Park Service Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network. Data collected from four parks during protocol development in 2003-06 are presented: Gateway National Recreation Area, Colonial National Historic Park, Fire Island National Seashore, and Assateague Island National Seashore. The monitoring approach incorporates several spatial and temporal designs to address questions at a hierarchy of scales. Indicators of estuarine response to nutrient enrichment were sampled using a probability design within park estuaries during a late-summer index period. Monitoring variables consisted of dissolved-oxygen concentration, chlorophyll a concentration, water temperature, salinity, attenuation of downwelling photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), and turbidity. The statistical sampling design allowed the condition of unsampled locations to be inferred from the distribution of data from a set of randomly positioned "probability" stations. A subset of sampling stations was sampled repeatedly during the index period, and stations were not rerandomized in subsequent years. These "trend stations" allowed us to examine temporal variability within the index period, and to improve the sensitivity of the monitoring protocol to detecting change through time. Additionally, one index site in each park was equipped for continuous monitoring throughout the index period. Thus, the protocol includes elements of probabilistic and targeted spatial sampling, and the temporal intensity ranges from snapshot assessments to continuous monitoring.

Kopp, Blaine S.; Nielsen, Martha; Glisic, Dejan; Neckles, Hilary A.

2009-01-01

61

Evaluation of the A&D UA-767 and Welch Allyn Spot Vital Signs noninvasive blood pressure monitors using a blood pressure simulator.  

PubMed

The performance of five units of the A&D UA-767 NIBP monitor and five units of the Welch Allyn Spot Vital Signs noninvasive blood pressure monitor was evaluated with the Biotek BP Pump blood pressure simulator under a variety of conditions. Using the simulator to provide a normal blood pressure waveform at 80 bpm over a range of pressures, it was found that the mean bias for the combined results from the A&D monitors was 1.9+/-2.8 mmHg and from the Welch Allyn monitors was 0.7+/-2.4 mmHg. No individual measurement showed a bias greater than 10 mmHg. A bias of greater than 5 mmHg was present in 28 out of 150 measurements for the A&D monitor and 10 out of 150 measurements for the Welch Allyn monitor. These results are comparable with ratings achieved by the instruments when tested previously according to the British Hypertension Society protocol, but testing with a simulator allowed assessment of aspects of performance which were not included in the British Hypertension Society protocol. PMID:15565174

Davis, P D; Dennis, J L; Railton, R

2005-03-01

62

The effect of intravenous Dexamethasone on post-cesarean section pain and vital signs: A double-blind randomized clinical trial  

PubMed Central

Objective: Any operation leads to body stress and tissue injury that causes pain and its complications. Glucocorticoids such as Dexamethasone are strong anti-inflammatory agents, which can be used for a short time post-operative pain control in various surgeries. Main purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of administration of intravenous (IV) Dexamethasone on reducing the pain after cesarean. Methods: A double-blind prospective randomized clinical trial was performed on 60 patients candidate for elective caesarean section. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups: A (treatment: 8 mg IV Dexamethasone) and B (control: 2 mL normal saline). In both groups, variables such as mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), pain and vomiting severity (based on visual analog scale) were recorded in different time points during first 24 h after operation. Statistical methods using repeated measure analysis of variances and t-test, Mann-Whitney and Chi-square tests were used for analyzing data. Findings: The results indicated that within-group comparisons including severity of pain, MAP, RR and HR have significant differences (P < 0.001 for all variables) during the study period. Between group comparisons indicated significant differences in terms of pain severity (P < 0.001), MAP (P = 0.048) and HR (P = 0.078; marginally significant), which in case group were lower than the control group. Conclusion: IV Dexamethasone could efficiently reduce post-operative pain severity and the need for analgesic consumption and improve vital signs after cesarean section. PMID:24991614

Shahraki, Azar Danesh; Feizi, Awat; Jabalameli, Mitra; Nouri, Shadi

2013-01-01

63

Vital Statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article questions the idea that quantitative methods, in particular the analysis of social statistics, is at odds with critical approaches to geography. It argues that numbers-based research is vital to highlight social injustice and oppression and that quantitative research can meet the requirements of critical geography to be reflexive, politically conscious, and activist. The article highlights two issues of

Mark Ellis

2009-01-01

64

Vital Pulpotomy  

MedlinePLUS

... you see above the gum line. Root canal treatment removes all of the nerve tissue, including the part in the roots of the tooth, below the gum line. Vital pulpotomy usually is done in children when decay has reached the crown part of the pulp, but the nerve in the root of the ...

65

Reactor vital equipment determination techniques  

SciTech Connect

The Reactor Vital Equipment Determination Techniques program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is discussed. The purpose of the program is to provide the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) with technical support in identifying vital areas at nuclear power plants using a fault-tree technique. A reexamination of some system modeling assumptions is being performed for the Vital Area Analysis Program. A short description of the vital area analysis and supporting research on modeling assumptions is presented. Perceptions of program modifications based on the research are outlined, and the status of high-priority research topics is discussed.

Bott, T.F.; Thomas, W.S.

1983-01-01

66

CDC Vital Signs: HIV Care Saves Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... through the Affordable Care Act. Doctors, nurses, and health care systems can Test patients for HIV as a regular part of medical care. Counsel patients who do not have HIV on how to prevent ... or mental health services. Work with health departments to get and ...

67

CDC Vital Signs: Recipe for Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... because When someone eats food contaminated with Listeria , sickness or miscarriage may not occur until weeks later ... suspect can be contaminated with Listeria and cause sickness and outbreaks, such as cantaloupe and celery. Listeria ...

68

CDC Vital Signs: Cervical Cancer is Preventable  

MedlinePLUS

... and HPV vaccination are due. Strongly recommend that preteens and teens get vaccinated against HPV. Issue Details ... and HPV vaccination are due. Strongly recommend that preteens and teens get vaccinated against HPV. Women can: ...

69

Real-Time Monitoring of Vital Signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many people, young or old, adult or children live with life-threatening health conditions and deal with frequent visits to the doctor's office or a healthcare facility for blood tests. Blood tests are one of the key processes that aid in examining people's health. Although people with certain illness can check certain blood properties at home without professional help, most people

Birhan Payli; Arjan Durresi; Deniz U. Dincer; Leonard Barolli

2009-01-01

70

CDC Vital Signs: Cervical Cancer is Preventable  

MedlinePLUS

... No woman should die of cervical cancer. Doctors, nurses, and health systems can: Help women understand what ... Early Detection Program , Title X Family Planning Doctors, nurses, and health systems can Help women understand which ...

71

CDC Vital Signs: Where's the Sodium?  

MedlinePLUS

... cuts and cured meats Pizza Poultry Soups Sandwiches Cheese Pasta dishes Meat dishes Snacks Types of foods ... and processed poultry, soups, sandwiches such as cheeseburgers, cheese, pasta dishes,* meat- mixed dishes such as meat ...

72

Vital areas at nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vital area analysis of nuclear power plants has been performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission by the Los Alamos National Laboratory from the late 1970's through the present. The Los Alamos Vital Area Study uses a fault-tree modeling technique to identify vital areas and equipment at nuclear power plants to determine their vulnerability. This technique has been applied to all

1985-01-01

73

Vital area determination techniques at nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the vital area determination programs being conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to support the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in evaluating nuclear power plant licensees' compliance with safeguards\\/security requirements. These projects, the Vital Area Analysis (VAA) Program and the Vital Equipment Determination Techniques Research Study (VEDTRS), are designed to identify a plant's vital areas and to

1987-01-01

74

Laboratory preparation of DNPH derivatives of carbonyl compounds on Sep-Pak{reg_sign} cartridges for quality assurance purposes  

SciTech Connect

Aldehydes and ketones are receiving increased attention both as hazardous substances and as promoters in the photochemical formation of ozone in the atmosphere. They enter the atmosphere in the exhaust of motor vehicles and other equipment using hydrocarbon and alcohol fuels. Formaldehyde, the most prevalent aldehyde, is widely used as a preservative, a textile-treatment agent, and an intermediate in the manufacture of urea-formaldehyde and phenol-formaldehyde resins. The formaldehyde concentration ranges for several types of environments are presented. Waters Sep-Pak{reg_sign} DNPH-Silica cartridges are convenient, reproducible sampling devices for quantifying aldehydes and ketones in gases, including air. These cartridges trap the compounds by reacting them with the DNPH, 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine, on the cartridge to form stable hydrazone derivatives. Derivatives are later eluted and analyzed by HPLC. Cartridges spiked in the laboratory are used for quality assurance and instrument performance verification.

Harrell, R.M. [ManTech Environmental Technology Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1994-12-31

75

Vital pulp therapy.  

PubMed

Vital pulp therapy is performed to preserve the health status of the tooth and its ultimate position in the arch. These procedures are performed routinely in primary and permanent teeth. This review is divided into 2 parts: the first aims to illustrate the basic biology of the pulp and the effects on the pulp due to various procedures; the second focuses on the clinical aspects of treatment and the use of various dental materials during different vital pulp therapy procedures performed in the primary and permanent teeth. PMID:23174610

Cohenca, Nestor; Paranjpe, Avina; Berg, Joel

2013-01-01

76

Protecting Religious Vitality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jerry Cammarata's poignant article provides a valuable opportunity to discuss the Supreme Court's wisdom in prohibiting nondenominational prayer in public schools in 1962 ("Engel v. Vitale") and to review current case law. The Constitution permits prayer chosen and spoken privately by a student, supported by family, friends, and clergy. The…

Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin

1998-01-01

77

Collegial Environment Vitality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commission on Instruction of the New York State Association of Two-Year Colleges sponsored a competition which solicited papers on exemplary practices and procedures that improve the spirit of vitality and morale in two-year colleges. This special journal issue includes the brief papers accepted for the competition. After Richard L. Rinehart's…

Rinehart, Richard L., Ed.

1982-01-01

78

Education Vital Signs. Common Measures: A Challenging Year for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the state of education. Through text and graphs, describes enrollment trends; spending on school construction, maintenance, and operations; changes in ACT and SAT scores; public opinion of educational vouchers and charter schools; and the growth of educational technology. (Contains eight graphs.) (WFA)

Flanigan, Robin L.

2003-01-01

79

Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1991: Benthic macroinvertebrate community results  

SciTech Connect

As part of an extensive Reservoir Monitoring program to examine the ecological health of reservoirs in the TVA system, benthic communities were sampled and evaluated at 41 locations on 14 TVA reservoirs. Up to ten dredge samples were collected at locations from the forebay, inflow and transition zones. Surveys were conducted between mid-March and mid-April, 1991. The results of these surveys are presented and discussed in this report.

Masters, A.E.

1992-08-01

80

Benthic macroinvertebrate community results. Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1990  

SciTech Connect

As part of an extensive program to monitor the health of reservoirs in the TVA system, dredges were used to sample benthic life at 36 locations on 12 Tennessee Valley Authority reservoirs and the Tennessee River downstream from the lowest reservoir in the system. Up to ten dredge samples were collected from forebay, transition zone, and inflow locations of typical reservoirs. The survey was conducted between mid March and mid April, 1990. Results are described.

Jenkinson, J.J.

1991-06-01

81

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Smoking in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... by sex Percent of adults who smoke by poverty level Read text version Percent of adults who smoke by racial/ethnic group Read text version Percent of adults who smoke by education level Education estimates are among individuals ? 25 years ...

82

CDC Vital Signs: Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke  

MedlinePLUS

... rates are higher among people with a lower education level. For example, nearly 1 in 2 of all US adults who have a GED smoke; only around 6% of people with a graduate degree smoke. About 31% of people who live below the poverty level smoke. Although the number of teenagers in ...

83

Physical03.Doc (10/31/07) VITAL SIGNS VISION  

E-print Network

/Diphtheria Chickenpox Hepatitis B Series Mumps BCG Measles MMR Rubella Varicella Other: Polio Other: PPD Pos Neg TB TESTING DATE RESULTS Rubeola POSITIVE NEGATIVE Rubella POSITIVE NEGATIVE Varicella POSITIVE NEGATIVE Occupational Health Program's policy statement: Individual has immunity to Rubeola, Rubella, Varicella

84

Vital Signs Perspectives of the president of APHA  

E-print Network

's Health estimates that a pandemic flu outbreak in the United States could result in 89,000 to 207 for concern on influenza. Outbreaks of avian flu have been docu mented in Southeast Asia and the Netherlands areas of the country (see story, Page 5). Despite the best efforts of public health and medical workers

85

CDC Vital Signs: Prescription Painkiller Overdoses in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... overdoses. Rates of prescription painkiller sales, deaths and substance abuse treatment admissions (1999-2010) Read text version SOURCES: ... health care providers and the public about prescription drug abuse and overdose. Developing, evaluating and promoting programs and ...

86

Considerations in measuring vital signs cross section with Doppler radar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the different considerations and challenges in measuring human cardiopulmonary radar cross section (RCS). The effect of clutter on the received signal is explained as well as the importance of preserving baseband dc content for valid readings. The center estimation algorithm with dc- cancellation is presented as a solution to restore dc content in the baseband signals and

John E. Kiriazi; Olga Boric-Lubecke; Victor M. Lubecke

2011-01-01

87

CDC Vital Signs: Cancer Screenings: Colorectal Cancer and Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... date with mammography screening. Cancer Screening Colorectal Cancer Breast Cancer 22M 22 million adults aged 50–75 need ... of people who get screened for colon or breast cancer is very different from state to state. The ...

88

Vital tooth whitening.  

PubMed

Vital tooth whitening, when administered correctly, is by all accounts one of the safest, most conservative, least expensive, and most effective aesthetic procedures currently available to patients. This article traces the evolution of the technology, describes what is known about the mechanism of action and explores such issues as toxicology and side effects associated with tooth whitening. The article also describes the various tooth-whitening systems, which include dentist-supervised night-guard bleaching, in-office or power bleaching, and bleaching with over-the-counter bleaching products. Combination treatments and light-activated treatments are also discussed. Finally, the article summarizes the areas of research needed in this field. PMID:17532915

Kihn, Patricia W

2007-04-01

89

The use of HANDIDET{reg_sign} non-electric detonator assemblies to reduce blast-induced overpressure at AECL`s Underground Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

A number of aspects of the Canadian concept for nuclear fuel waste disposal are being assessed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) in a series of experiments at its Underground Research Laboratory (URL) near Lac du Bonnet, Manitoba, Canada. One of the major objectives of the work being carried out at the URL is to develop and evaluate the methods and technology to ensure safe, permanent disposal of Canada`s nuclear fuel waste. In 1994, AECL excavated access tunnels and a laboratory room for the Quarried Block Fracture Migration Experiment (QBFME) at the 240 Level of the URL. This facility will be used to study the transport of radionuclides in natural fractures in quarried blocks of granite under in-situ groundwater conditions. The experiment is being carried out under a cooperative agreement with the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. The excavation of the QBFME access tunnels and laboratory was carried out using controlled blasting techniques that minimized blast-induced overpressure which could have damaged or interrupted other ongoing experiments in the vicinity. The majority of the blasts used conventional long delay non-electric detonators but a number of blasts were carried out using HANDIDET 250/6000 non-electric long delay detonator assemblies and HTD{reg_sign} non-electric short delay trunkline detonator assemblies. The tunnel and laboratory excavation was monitored to determine the levels of blast-induced overpressure. This paper describes the blasting and monitoring results of the blasts using HANDIDET non-electric detonator assemblies and the effectiveness of these detonators in reducing blast-induced overpressure.

Onagi, D.P.; Keith, S.G.; Kuzyk, G.W. [AECL, Pinawa, Manitoba (Canada). Underground Research Lab.; Proudfoot, D.F. [ICI Explosives Canada, North Delta, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-12-01

90

When longevity meets vitality.  

PubMed

Alarmed by the sustainability of our health and social security systems, longevity has become a great societal challenge. In line with evolutionary logic we see a continuous increase of average life expectancy and maximal lifespan. Striving for a healthy old age, however, is an infelicitous expression as for human subjects the ageing process cannot be ultimately postponed. Not disregarding the huge variation in health trajectories, in old age we will all suffer from frailty and infirmity. As yet efforts of the biomedical arena are almost exclusively focused on stalling the ageing process and preventing dysfunction. Too little effort is spend on how to inspire and coach the great majority of people who still feel relatively well notwithstanding the presence of multiple age-related disorders. There is a strong rationale to separate the quest to live in good health for longer from actively and effectively negotiating the challenge of functional decline in old age. In particular, we emphasise a focus on adjusting the environment in order to correct the gene-environment mismatch that contributes to ill health. An additional strategy is to empower people to set ambitions and to realise appropriate goals, in spite of infirmity. Striving for vitality presents a striking opportunity to achieve subjective feelings of life satisfaction when ageing. PMID:24804992

Westendorp, Rudi G J; Schalkwijk, Frank H

2014-08-01

91

Dollar Signs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use number sense and mental math strategies to estimate the price of a sign. Learners pretend they are in charge of making signs for businesses and must calculate the cost of three orders using estimation. This activity provides an opportunity for learners to practice making estimates of the sum of more than two numbers. This activity guide contains sample questions to ask, literary connections, extensions, and alignment to local and national standards.

Houston, Children'S M.

2014-09-19

92

Vital Topics in School Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to determine the topics considered vital by principals and members of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA) is described in this paper. Questionnaires mailed to two random samples of 61 AEFA members and 181 elementary/secondary principals respectively, yielded 35 returns, a 57 percent response rate, and 113 returns, a 62…

Garber, Darrell H.

93

Original article Investigations on vitality  

E-print Network

. The stands were affected by the 'European oak decline'. The registered traits of every tree were branching and in the crowns. The several traits were integrated into a vitality coefficient. Isozyme analyses were carried out génétique / sélection / dépérissement INTRODUCTION Oak trees are dominant forest tree species in Germany

Boyer, Edmond

94

PULP REACTION TO VITAL BLEACHING  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This study evaluated the histological changes in dental pulp after nightguard vital bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide gel. Fifteen patients between 12 and 26 years of age with caries-free first premolars scheduled for orthodontic extraction were treated with 10% Opalescence (Ultradent Products, Inc). Tooth #5 had four days of bleaching, tooth #12 was treated for two weeks, tooth #21

JO FUGARO; I NORDAHL; OJ FUGARO; BA MATIS; IA MJR

95

Understanding and Forecasting Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forecasting of ethnolinguistic vitality can only be done within a well-functioning descriptive and explanatory model of the dynamics of language stability and shift. It is proposed that the Perceived Benefit Model of Language Shift, used with a taxonomy of language shift motivations, provides that model. The model, based on individual language…

Karan, Mark E.

2011-01-01

96

United States Vital Records Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amateur genealogists beginning their searches through the vital records at the state or county level will find useful resources on this web site. Organized by state and then by county, these pages present instructions on how to make inquiries concerning vital records. In addition to general guidelines on what data to include in a request for birth, marital, and death records, each state's page has addresses for both state and county records offices and information about fees. All fifty states and several US possessions are included. There are also links to other local and national genealogy resources, as well as state and local historical societies, which can often be a good source for genealogical information.

97

FACULTY DEVELOPMENT: EFFECTIVE SIGN-OFFS  

E-print Network

training, this potential has increased with the greater number of transitions of care due to the ACGME duty care professionals effective communication is vital to achieve the best patient outcomes possible. "Sign-offs", the mechanism of transferring information and responsibility from one set of care- givers

98

46 CFR 169.642 - Vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Vital systems. 169.642 Section 169.642 Shipping... SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Piping Systems § 169.642 Vital systems. For the purpose of this part, the...

2010-10-01

99

Vital phase of space science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space science began with the indirect phase where the activity in space was inferred from such terrestrial phenomena as geomagnetic storms, ionospheric variations, and fluctuations in the cosmic ray intensity. The direct phase was initiated with spaceflight placing instruments directly in space and permitting the direct observation of UV and X rays, as well as precision observations of solar luminosity variations. The evidence from these many direct studies, together with the historical record of terrestrial conditions, shows that the variations of the luminosity of the Sun affect the terrestrial atmosphere at all levels, with devastating changes in climate tracking the major changes in the activity level and luminosity of the Sun. The quantification and understanding of this vital connection should be the first priority of space science and geophysics, from oceans and atmosphere through the ionosphere, magnetosphere, and all the way to the convective zone of the Sun. It becomes the vital phase of space science, focused on the basic science of the changing habitability of Earth.

Parker, E. N.

1994-10-01

100

Vital phase of space science  

SciTech Connect

Space science began with the indirect phase where the activity in space was inferred from such terrestrial phenomena as geomagnetic storms, ionospheric variations, and fluctuations in the cosmic ray intensity. The direct phase was initiated with spaceflight placing instruments directly in space and permitting the direct observation of UV and X rays, as well as precision observations of solar luminosity variations. The evidence from these many direct studies, together with the historical record of terrestrial conditions, shows that the variations of the luminosity of the Sun affect the terrestrial atmosphere at all levels, with devastating changes in climate tracking the major changes in the activity level and luminosity of the Sun. The quantification and understanding of this vital connection should be the first priority of space science and geophysics, from oceans and atmosphere through the ionosphere, magnetosphere, and all the way to the convective zone of the Sun. It becomes the vital phase of space science, focused on the basic science of the changing habitability of Earth. 13 refs.

Parker, E.N. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)

1994-10-01

101

Vitalism and the Darwin Debate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are currently both scientific and public debates surrounding Darwinism. In the scientific debate, the details of evolution are in dispute, but not the central thesis of Darwin's theory; in the public debate, Darwinism itself is questioned. I concentrate on the public debate because of its direct impact on education in the United States. Some critics of Darwin advocate the teaching of intelligent design theory along with Darwin's theory, and others seek to eliminate even the mention of evolution from science classes altogether. Many of these critics base their objections on the claim that non-living matter cannot give rise to living matter. After considering some of the various meanings assigned to `vitalism' over the years, I argue that a considerable portion of Darwin deniers support a literal version of vitalism that is not scientifically respectable. Their position seems to be that since life cannot arise naturally, Darwin's theory accomplishes nothing: If it can only account for life forms changing from one to another (even this is disputed by some) but not how life arose in the first place, what's the point? I argue that there is every reason to believe that living and non-living matter differ only in degree, not in kind, and that all conversation about Darwinism should start with the assumption that abiogenesis is possible unless or until compelling evidence of its impossibility is presented. That is, I advocate a position that the burden of proof lies with those who claim "Life only comes from life." Until that case is made, little weight should be given to their position.

Henderson, James

2012-08-01

102

Signing off  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics Related Aptitude Test As the teacher shortage bites anyone with a degree in science expects to walk into a school and be received, with open arms, as a physics teacher. Are they really suitable? To help you decide Signing Off provides the following invaluable psychometric test. Extensively researched and, for single users only, it comes completely free to Physics Education subscribers! (Copies of this Physics Related Aptitude Test are available to credit-card customers from prat@realripoff.com priced #35 per client, 125 dollars to US customers.) This invaluable psychometric test has been extensively researched. Your first lesson of the new school year introduces the study of electricity. Do you: A Use the notes prepared by your predecessor. B Find a video on electricity and play it to the class. C Arrange a series of exciting practical demonstrations to stimulate the young inquiring mind. D Let the children design and make their own circuits to light flashlight bulbs. Your 14-year-olds have completed a written test on heat and energy. Do you: A Mark correct only the work of students who have written their names neatly at the top LEFT HAND corner, as required. B Only set multiple choice tests, so that the computer can mark them for you. C Mark carefully by hand, explaining in detail to each student exactly how and why they have made errors and adding encouraging comments with lots of praise. D Give out correct sets of answers and allow students to mark their own work. There is a staff social. Do you: A Ask for a definition of the term 'social'. B Ask for a web-based version. C Determine to go, so that you can discuss setting up cross-curricular links with colleagues. D Join the organizing committee. Who do you admire most? A Sir Isaac Newton. B Bill Gates. C Leonardo da Vinci. D Leonardo di Caprio. You are required to teach biology class. Your response is: A Denial. B To ask for an appropriate computer simulation. C To attend a specialized course for biology teachers in your own time. D Read the textbook ten minutes before the class. Mostly A's: Traditional physics teacher, will fit straight in. Within days of taking up post you will wonder why he isn't already wearing a fine coating of chalk after years of teaching. Make a good offer of a long contract. Mostly B's: Slightly trendy and progressive. Consider buying a good computer instead. Mostly C's: A dangerous and possibly offensive teacher: they make you feel old and are liable to disrupt timetabling by making teaching popular. Don't worry - they will soon burn out and retire. Mostly D's: As a normal human being, this person is totally unsuited to physics teaching - they expect to work less than 50 hours each week, and enjoy living. KP

2001-09-01

103

Protecting Vital Records in a Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second a student enters kindergarten, a set of vital records is created, and this body of information expands throughout a child's academic career. Vital school records contain highly sensitive, private information, and there is no shortage of laws and policies to govern the handling, management and protection of such information. Schools…

Carlisle, Van

2005-01-01

104

Advances in textile technologies for unobtrusive monitoring of vital parameters and movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research and development activity is described in the field of textile-based wearable systems for personalized health care. Sensorized shirts for vital signs monitoring and wearable systems for gesture and posture recognition are specifically illustrated, resulting from the EU funded project my heart

R. Paradiso; D. De Rossi

2006-01-01

105

Shingles: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments Q - T Shingles Signs, symptoms Shingles: Signs and symptoms Shingles tends to cause more ... painful before the shingles appeared. Learn more about shingles: Shingles Shingles: Who gets, causes Shingles: Diagnosis, treatment, ...

106

Vitiligo: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments U - W Vitiligo Signs, symptoms Vitiligo: Signs and symptoms Vitiligo causes loss of color. ... amount of color loss or type of vitiligo. Vitiligo has types and subtypes If you are diagnosed ...

107

Signs of Overload  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs of Overload Healthy Living Listen Signs of Overload Article Body Although stress is a part of ... 12 (Copyright © 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics) The information contained on this Web site should not be ...

108

Sign, Symbol and Form.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Signs are such a commonplace sight in our everyday lives, that we can easily miss the artistic beauty and graphic harmony of the symbols used. Thoughtfully well designed and planned signs communicate with a simplicity and directness that signmakers and designers have adhered to for ages. Even contemporary signs still reflect their timelessness…

Ballinger, Louise Bowen; Ballinger, Raymond A.

109

36 CFR 1223.16 - How are vital records identified?  

...RECORDS § 1223.16 How are vital records identified? Agencies identify vital records in the context of the emergency management function. Vital records are those that are needed to perform the most critical functions of the agency...

2014-07-01

110

Linking growth, survival, and heterogeneity through vitality.  

PubMed

We model the cross-stage effect of juvenile growth on future cohort survival with vitality, a single stochastic measure of an organism's survival capacity that results in death when it reaches 0. In this construct, the distribution of vitality at the end of a growth treatment stage, which is a measure of survival capacity heterogeneity, determines a cohort's susceptibility to starvation in a subsequent challenge stage. The model predicts that the treatment-stage duration and mass gain determine the mean and variance of the initial vitality distribution of the challenge stage, which in turn determine the effect of a challenge-stage stressor on survival. Studies linking the effect of juvenile growth on time to starvation for chinook salmon and yellow perch are compared to model predictions. The feasibility of predicting survival and heterogeneity in overwintering fish populations from first-year growth is considered. Some limitations and potential extensions of the model to other scenarios are discussed. PMID:18171141

Anderson, James J; Gildea, Molly C; Williams, Drew W; Li, Ting

2008-01-01

111

Objective Local Vitality and Linguistic Networks as Predictors of Perceived Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper investigates the relationship between objective ethnolinguistic vitality, individual networks of linguistic contacts (INLCs) and perceived vitality among German-speaking (N = 415) and Italian-speaking (N = 379) adolescents in South Tyrol, Italy. Supporting our hypothesis, we found that INLC has a greater effect on perceived…

Vincze, László; Harwood, Jake

2014-01-01

112

Ethnolinguistic Vitality, Prejudice, and Family Language Transmission.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of Mexican American parents in East Austin (Texas) and rural southern Arizona found that parents' ethnolinguistic vitality was an important determinant of family transmission of Spanish to children, but parental experience of ethnic and language prejudice was an equally potent negative determinant. Implications for language maintenance,…

Evans, Carol

1996-01-01

113

"A Vital Role in Uncertain Times"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The adult learning and skills sector is a diverse world, encompassing adult and community learning, apprenticeships, Train to Gain, and contracted employment programmes. The learning and skills sector plays a vital role in uncertain times by giving greater opportunities for social mobility, for example by supporting progression to further and…

Hunt, Melanie

2009-01-01

114

Refereed Publications of Vital Business Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: No systematic research has explored the refereed publications records of vital business educators. Data Collection Procedures: A total of 120 prominent business educators were mailed a survey about their publication practices and history, yielding a 61% usable return rate from 73 completed questionnaires. Results: The six research…

Blaszczynski, Carol; Scott, James Calvert; Green, Diana J.

2009-01-01

115

Protecting & Preserving a Vital Natural Resource  

E-print Network

Protecting & Preserving a Vital Natural Resource C h e s a p e a k e B ay R e s e a R C h #12;The natural resources. The Chesapeake Bay watershed stretches across 64,000 square miles in six states and antimicrobials, such as Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), that may remain in treated wastewater. amy R. sapkota

Hill, Wendell T.

116

Ethical decision making in neonatal units — The normative significance of vitality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will be concerned with the phenomenon of vitality, which emerged as one of the main findings in a larger grounded theory study about life and death decisions in hospitals'\\u000a neonatal units. Definite signs showing the new-born infant's energy and vigour contributed to the clinician's judgements about\\u000a life expectancy and the continuation or termination of medical treatment. In this

Berit Støre Brinchmann; Per Nortvedt

2001-01-01

117

Assessing Vital Signs: Applying Two Participatory Evaluation Frameworks to the Evaluation of a College of Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation research has been in progress to clarify the concept of participatory evaluation and to assess its impact. Recently, two theoretical frameworks have been offered--Daigneault and Jacob's participatory evaluation measurement index and Champagne and Smits' model of practical participatory evaluation. In this case report, we apply these…

Connors, Susan C.; Magilvy, Joan K.

2011-01-01

118

12 Dartmouth Medicine | dartmed.dartmouth.edu Spring 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

of the third-year family medicine clerkship. Today, this curriculum remains the only one of its kind at a U the development of a shared decision-making curriculum. Cathleen Morrow, M.D., the director of the family medicine that teaching these shared decision-making skills in parallel with the core curriculum in family medicine

Myers, Lawrence C.

119

CDC Vital Signs: Binge Drinking a Serious, Under-Recognized Problem Among Women and Girls  

MedlinePLUS

... Binge Drinking A Serious, Under-Recognized Problem Among Women and Girls January 2013 1 in 8 Nearly ... too much can seriously affect the health of women and girls. Drinking too much can seriously affect ...

120

Vital Signs: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Other Interventions to Combat Prescription Opioid Abuse  

E-print Network

in preventing prescription drug abuse. Lifeline. 2012; 1:10-America’s prescription drug abuse crisis. thewhitehouse.govPrescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Other Interventions to Combat Prescription Opioid Abuse

Chakravarthy, Bharath; Shah, Shyam; Lotfipour, Shahram

2012-01-01

121

Estimation of confidence levels for physiology variables measured by a vital signs detection system  

E-print Network

role in making trustworthy decisions about the physiological status of a soldier. We developed Reifman*a a Bioinformatics Cell, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland is to develop a suite of wearable sensors and decision-support algorithms to provide critical physiologic

122

Vital Signs: HIV Diagnosis, Care, and Treatment Among Persons Living with HIV - United States, 2011.  

PubMed

In the United States, an estimated 1.2 million persons are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a serious infection that, if untreated, leads to illness and premature death. Persons living with HIV who use antiretroviral therapy (ART) and achieve very low levels of the virus (suppressed viral load) can have a nearly normal life expectancy and have very low risk for transmitting HIV to others. However, each year in the United States, nearly 50,000 persons become infected with HIV. Each step along the HIV care continuum (HIV diagnosis, prompt and sustained HIV medical care, and ART) is essential for achieving a suppressed viral load. PMID:25426654

Bradley, Heather; Hall, H Irene; Wolitski, Richard J; Van Handel, Michelle M; Stone, Amy E; LaFlam, Michael; Skarbinski, Jacek; Higa, Darrel H; Prejean, Joseph; Frazier, Emma L; Patel, Roshni; Huang, Ping; An, Qian; Song, Ruiguang; Tang, Tian; Valleroy, Linda A

2014-11-28

123

Characterizing distress, the 6th vital sign, in an oncology pain clinic  

PubMed Central

Context The delineation of populations of cancer patients with complex symptoms can inform the planning and delivery of supportive care services. Objectives We explored the physical, psychosocial, and practical concerns experienced by patients attending an ambulatory oncology symptom control clinic. Methods Patients attending a Pain Clinic at a large tertiary cancer centre were invited to complete screening measures assessing distress, pain, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and practical and psychosocial problems. A matched sample of patients who did not attend the Pain Clinic were selected as a comparison group. Results Of all eligible Pain Clinic patients, 46 (77%) completed the measures; so did 46 comparison group patients. The percentages of patients reporting distress (78.3%), pain (93.5%), and fatigue (93.5%) were higher among Pain Clinic patients than among the comparison patients. A higher percentage of Pain Clinic patients also reported multiple, severe, concurrent symptoms: 87% scored 7 or higher in at least one of the pain, fatigue, or distress scales, and 30.4% of the patients scored 7 or higher on all three. The most common problem areas were feeling a burden to others, trouble talking with friends and family, spirituality, and sleep difficulties. Conclusions Higher levels of multiple, concurrent symptoms and psychosocial problems were found in Pain Clinic patients than in a group of patients who did not attend the Pain Clinic. Routine screening and triaging of cancer patients using a comprehensive and standardized panel of questions can facilitate symptom assessment and management, and can inform program planning. PMID:22514497

Waller, A.; Groff, S.L.; Hagen, N.; Bultz, B.D.; Carlson, L.E.

2012-01-01

124

Design and analysis of artifact-resistive finger photoplethysmographic sensors for vital sign monitoring  

E-print Network

A miniaturized, telemetric, photoplethysmograph sensor for long-term, continuous monitoring is presented in this thesis. The sensor, called a "ring sensor," is attached to a finger base for monitoring beat-to-beat pulsation, ...

Rhee, Sokwoo

2000-01-01

125

dartmed.dartmouth.edu | Dartmouth Medicine 11Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

as a clinical investigator, and is a top-notch physician," says Dean Chip Souba. Rothstein joined the Geisel that will focus on the problem of obesity. A sec- ond project is a collaboration with the Association of American and I appreciate the opportunity to do so," Rothstein says. "We will face the future to- gether

Myers, Lawrence C.

126

Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1992: Bacteriological conditions in the Tennessee Valley. Fourth annual report  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-eight designated swimming beaches, four informal swimming areas, two canoe launching or landing sites, and two additional sites on a canoeing stream were sampled at least ten times each during 30-day sampling periods in the summer of 1992. One designated swimming beach, one informal swimming area, and two canoe launching or landing sites exceeded the recommended criterion of geometric mean concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria of 200/100 mL. In addition to these four sites, five designated swimming beaches and one informal swimming area exceeded the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended criterion by having more than 10 percent of the fecal coliform samples with concentrations greater than 400/100 mL. Rainfall was an important factor for these six sites and the four sites that did not meet the geometric mean criterion. Some sampling sites are affected by rainfall more than others. When bacteria concentrations increase after rainfall, it indicates that site is vulnerable to contamination from nonpoint sources of pollution. Recreational use of these sites following rainfall is discouraged. If samples collected within 24 hours of rainfall (one-half inch or more) are excluded, all-but one of the ten sites have better bacteriological water quality, and two meet both the geometric mean and maximum concentration criteria. Five canoe access locations on the Bear Creek floatway, plus one site upstream and another downstream of the floatway were sampled eight times each during 1992. All seven sites met recreation criteria.

Fehring, J.P.

1993-05-01

127

Customer service, access and capacity: vital signs for developing a marketing plan.  

PubMed

Marketing plans that do not include an analysis of customer service, access and capacity issues are incomplete documents. Unresolved customer service, access and capacity issues can undermine an otherwise well-designed marketing plan. The medical and administrative leadership of the group practice or clinical department must work together to identify customer service, access and capacity issues which are affecting the practice's ability to respond to the needs of the marketplace. Someone with marketing expertise can provide valuable input to this process. The resulting solutions need to be developed which are realistic and in keeping with the general marketing direction of the practice. PMID:10137357

Bendycki, N; Zeroske, J

1994-01-01

128

EXPLORATION OF PREHOSPITAL VITAL SIGN TRENDS FOR THE PREDICTION OF TRAUMA OUTCOMES  

E-print Network

-acuity patients experience episodes Received October 17, 2008, from the Bioinformatics Cell, Telemedicine requests to: Jaques Reifman, PhD, Bioinformatics Cell, Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center

129

The Use of Postural Vital Signs in the Assessment of Fluid Volume Status.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blood pressure and pulse are measured in supine and upright positions, and certain differences between the values are said to indicate fluid volume disturbance. Most discussions of this "orthostatic test" do not explain how it should be done, and they differ from what has been observed in a practice setting. (MLW)

Wandel, Jane Corrigan

1990-01-01

130

12 Dartmouth Medicine | dartmed.dartmouth.edu Fall 2012 VITAL SIGNS  

E-print Network

bombarded with well-meaning public service messages: Don't smoke. Lose weight. Get some exercise. But an aggressive dog. Things that you should actually start to think about if you're going to do any kind comments such as "This physically active stuff is not for me," or "I never exercise." So Everhart

Myers, Lawrence C.

131

Textile technology for the vital signs monitoring in telemedicine and extreme environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates two extensive applications of a smart garment we previously developed for the monitoring of ECG, respiration, and movement. In the first application, the device, named Maglietta Interattiva Computerizzata (MagIC), was used for the home monitoring of cardiac patients. The used platform included MagIC for signals collection, a touchscreen computer with a dedicated software for data handling, and

Marco Di Rienzo; Paolo Meriggi; Francesco Rizzo; Paolo Castiglioni; Carolina Lombardi; Maurizio Ferratini; Gianfranco Parati

2010-01-01

132

Effect of individual and work characteristics of EMTs on vital sign changes during shiftwork.  

PubMed

This study examines the effects of demographics, lifestyle, and work characteristics on burnout in EMTs, and then determines the interaction of various EMT risk factors on cardiovascular changes. In phase 1, EMTs voluntarily completed a demographic data sheet and the Masslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The MBI results were broken down into subgroups of Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (DP), and Personal Achievement (PA); these were then compared to national averages. Subgroup analysis was performed on the basis of sex, race, marital status, years with the service, smoking, and caffeine drinking habits. In phase 2, EMTs carried logbooks for 1 month, during which they recorded preshift and postshift blood pressure and pulse. Other information recorded for each shift was the amount of caffeine and cigarettes used, the number of advanced life support (ALS) and total runs, and whether the shift worked was day or night. Per-shift average caffeine use, average number of ALS and total runs, and average cross-shift changes in MAP (deltaMAP) and P (deltaP) were calculated for each EMT. The deltaMAP and deltaP were compared for discrete variables (sex, race, training levels, smoker v nonsmoker, marital status, and shift worked) and continuous variable (age, years with the service, total runs, ALS runs, and MBI subscale scores). Continuous variables were split into two groups using the median as a separator. Differences were detected at P < .05 by confidence interval analysis. Sixty-nine EMTs enrolled in phase 1. The EMTs scored significantly lower on the PA scale than the national average (28.1 v 34.6). The low PA score was only seen in the subgroup of EMTs with the service longer than 3 years (26.1 v 30.0). Forty EMTs completed phase 2 of the study. There were no significant differences in deltaMAP detected in any subgroup. There was a significant difference in deltaP based on marital status (single, -4.5 v married, 2.6), and age (younger than 32, -4.5 v older than 32, 0.6). There were no other detected deltaP changes. In conclusion, these results showed that PA is lower in our EMTs than in the general population; EMTs with the service longer than 3 years had the lowest values. There were no significant preshift to postshift changes in blood pressure in any subgroup. There was a statistically significant preshift to postshift decrease in pulse in unmarried EMTs and in those younger than 32 years of age. These results indicate little variation in stress between EMTs and the general population and do not indicate a need for more intensive intervention programs for the management of heart rate or pulse. PMID:8906760

Weiss, S J; Silady, M F; Roes, B

1996-11-01

133

Wearable Doppler radar with integrated antenna for patient vital sign monitoring  

E-print Network

A 2.45 GHz wearable Doppler radar unit with radio data link is presented for use in portable patient monitoring and emergency response. Unlike portable Electrocardiograms (ECG) or Photoplethysmography (PPG), the near-field ...

Fletcher, Richard Ribon

134

The Fifth Vital Sign: Implementation of the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several psychometric tools are available to assess pain in the neonate. Although clinically tested, most of these tools have not been integrated into the assessment of the well newborn. Information is lacking regarding the implementation of such tools and their effects in clinical practice. The Neonatal Infant Pain Scale provides a measure of the intensity of an infant's response to

Ana-Maria Gallo

135

Vision and Manipulation-based Signs in Taiwan Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

An fMRI experiment was conducted to investigate how iconic elements are represented in sign languages and how such representation affects the linkage be- tween language and brain. Iconic signs are those that clearly resemble the actions, objects, or characteristics they represent. In Taiwan Sign Language (TSL), expres- sions involve two kinds of signs: vision-based signs and manipulation- based signs. It

Yi-Hsuan Chiu; Jen-Chuen Hsieh; Wen-Jui Kuo; Daisy L. Hung; Ovid J. L. Tzeng

2005-01-01

136

Eponymous signs in dermatology  

PubMed Central

Clinical signs reflect the sheer and close observatory quality of an astute physician. Many new dermatological signs both in clinical and diagnostic aspects of various dermatoses are being reported and no single book on dermatology literature gives a comprehensive list of these “signs” and postgraduate students in dermatology finds it difficult to have access to the description, as most of these resident doctor do not have access to the said journal articles. “Signs” commonly found in dermatologic literature with a brief discussion and explanation is reviewed in this paper. PMID:23189246

Madke, Bhushan; Nayak, Chitra

2012-01-01

137

Warning Signs of Lung Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Warning Signs of Lung Disease Warning Signs of Lung Disease WARNING SIGNS If you have any of these ... production has lasted a month, this could indicate lung disease. Wheezing - Noisy breathing or wheezing is a sign ...

138

Annual summary of vital statistics--1985.  

PubMed

Data for this article, as in previous reports, are drawn principally from Monthly Vital Statistics Report, published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The international data come from the Demographic Yearbook and the quarterly Population and Vital Statistics Reports, both published by the Statistical Office of the United Nations, which has also been kind enough to provide directly more recent data. Except for mortality data by cause and age, which are based on a 10% sample, all the US data for 1984 are estimates by place of occurrence, based upon a count of certificates received in state offices between two dates, 1 month apart, regardless of when the event occurred. Experience has shown that for the country as a whole the estimates, with few exceptions, are close to the subsequent final figures. There are, however, considerable variations in some states, particularly in comparing data by place of occurrence and place of residence. State information should be interpreted cautiously. PMID:3786054

Wegman, M E

1986-12-01

139

Understanding road signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a three levels framework that allows accounting for the understanding of road signs. We consider that a road sign is (1) the iconic transcription of (2) a legal message about categories that is displayed and has to be interpreted (3) in context. Whereas categorization is the basic process that determines decision-making, results of two experiments

Mary Bazire; Charles Tijus

2009-01-01

140

American Sign Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Sign Museum is the only public collection of its kind, and it is located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its fun, colorful website just may bring back memories for some visitors. Users should definitely watch the video tour of the museum with the founder, Tod Swormstedt. The link can be found near the top of the homepage, and is entitled "Take a Video Tour." The founder explains his goals in opening the museum, which are to show "the history of the sign industry and its significant contribution to commerce and the American landscape." He also goes on to reference the urban renewal program from the 1960s called SOS, which meant Scrap Our Signs, as a source of many of the museum's holdings. The excellent "Exhibits" link on the left hand menu contains a link to the museum's permanent collection and visitors will find it is divided into eight categories, including "Painted/Non-illuminated Signs," "Plastic Signs," and "Neon Signs and Displays: The Glory Days." The Exhibits link also offers to visitors half a dozen sections of signs that can be seen from the road (On the Road), while walking around (Walking Tours), or from an armchair (Sign History).

141

Signs for Instructional Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrations depict 465 new manual signs for use in high school and college instruction of deaf students. The signs represent words or phrases, usually made up of many letters, which are important to the following subject matters; sciences and mathematics (general terms), biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, psychology, humanities (general…

Kannapell, Barbara M.; And Others

142

Traffic Sign Recognition Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. The rst part of this paper provides an overview of previous work on tra c sign recognition. Various components are discussed, such as detection, classi cation and temporal integration. The second part of this paper covers a recently developed shape-based system, based on dis-tance transforms. This system has been quite successful in detecting and recognizing tra c signs in

Dariu Gavrila

1999-01-01

143

City Signs and Lights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Signs/Lights/Boston, a project investigating environmental information systems in urban areas, was undertaken as the first step in a process of planning and controlling signs and lights for purposes of improving the flow of information in the city. This resulting report takes the city as it is and develops explicit means for revealing its form,…

Carr, Stephen

144

Optical sensor for measuring American Lobster vitality  

SciTech Connect

The vitality of the American Lobster (Homarus americanus) is correlated to the total hemolymph protein (THP) in lobster hemolymph (blood). The standard technique for determining lobster vitality is to draw blood from a lobster and measure THP with a refractometer. This technique is invasive and endangers the lobster's health since blood must be drawn from the lobster. In the present work an optical sensor is developed to measure a lobster's vitality in vivo. It is comprised of a broadband light source, a monochromator, a fiber optic reflection probe, a spectrometer and a computer. This sensor measures protein concentrations by exciting a lobster with 280 nm and 334 nm wavelength light sources and measuring the corresponding absorbance peaks for THP and the fluorescence peak for hemocyanin (Hc), the majority protein in hemolymph. In this work several lobsters are tested. For each lobster, absorbance and fluorescence peaks are measured using the sensor and compared to protein concentrations measured using a refractometer. It is found that the shell thickness and muscle density, which correspond directly to protein concentration and the molting stage of the lobster have a significant effect on the absorbance and fluorescence measurements. It is also found that within specific molting stages, such as pre-molt and post-molt, protein concentration measured with a refractometer correlates linearly to absorbance and fluorescence measurements with the optical sensor.

Tomassetti, Brian R. A.; Vetelino, John F. [LASST, University of Maine, Orono, ME (United States)

2011-06-10

145

Ghost Signs of Louisville  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the altogether mysterious "ghost sign?" Simply put, it is a painted advertisement on a building, most prominent prior to the 1930s. Many of these advertisements appear on brick walls in urban settings. This unique collection came out of a partnership between the University of Louisville Libraries and the school's Fine Arts department. Students in a course titled Documentary Photography explored different neighborhoods in Louisvlle, and they took over 200 photographs of various ghost signs. 122 of those images were selected for inclusion in this digital collection, and they are all available here. Visitors can browse the images at their leisure and also use the interactive map of sign collections. Some of the signs are particularly interesting, such as the H.G. Young Druggist sign and the one for the Acme Wholesale Furnace supply.

2012-05-25

146

Every sign of life  

E-print Network

Every Sign of Life introduces an approach to and motivational schema for personal health monitoring. It is an exploration of how to make information collected by personal health-monitoring devices fun and engaging, and ...

Gerasimov, Vadim, 1969-

2003-01-01

147

The du Bois sign.  

PubMed

According to the current literature, the term "du Bois sign" characterizes the condition of a shortened fifth finger as a symptom of congenital syphilis, Down syndrome, dyscrania, and encephalic malformation. Modern medical dictionaries and text books attribute the eponym to the French gynecologist Paul Dubois (1795-1871). Yet, a literature analysis revealed incorrect references to the person and unclear definitions of the term. Our findings showed that the origin of the term is based on observations made by the Swiss dermatologist Charles du Bois (1874-1947) in connection with congenital syphilis. In addition, a further eponymical fifth finger sign is closely associated with the du Bois sign. In conclusion, the du Bois sign has only limited diagnostic value and is frequently occurring in the normal healthy population. PMID:21263293

Voelpel, James H; Muehlberger, Thomas

2011-03-01

148

Suicide Warning Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... Feeling rage or uncontrolled anger or seeking revenge Suicide Warning Signs n Acting reckless or engaging in ... you or someone you love at risk of suicide? Get the facts and take appropriate action. Printed: ...

149

Vital pulp therapy for the primary dentition.  

PubMed

The goal of primary tooth pulp therapy is the preservation of the primary teeth until their normal time of exfoliation. Teeth with carious involvement approaching the pulp can be treated with a variety of approaches, including three pulpotomy techniques--diluted formocresol, ferric sulfate, and mineral trioxide aggregate--and an indirect pulp therapy technique. Accurate diagnosis of the vitality status of the pulp is critical to the success of each treatment and involves careful radiographic and clinical assessment of the teeth to make sure that they are either healthy or reversibly inflamed. PMID:20478799

Seale, N Sue; Coll, James A

2010-01-01

150

HPA Vitals: May 9 Princeton University  

E-print Network

Events & Announcements Local Area Events/Announcements Undergraduate Clinical, Research and Job · Points to Ponder For More Information HPA Sponsored Events and Announcements See additional clinical-Shadowing Program in Tanzania, Thailand or Czech Republic this Summer (fee required) Global Service Corps Sign up

Bou-Zeid, Elie

151

Clinical Signs and Symptoms Predicting Influenza Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: New antiviral drugs are available for the treatment of influenza type A and type B infec- tions. In clinical practice, antiviral use has rarely been guided by antecedent laboratory diagnosis. Defined clinical predictors of an influenza infection can help guide timely therapy and avoid unnecessary antibiotic use. Objective: To examine which clinical signs and symp- toms are most predictive

Arnold S. Monto; Stefan Gravenstein; Michael Elliott; Michael Colopy; Jo Schweinle

2000-01-01

152

Scientists Detect Early Sign of Pancreatic Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Scientists Detect Early Sign of Pancreatic Cancer Finding might lead one day to test for ... September 29, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Laboratory Tests Pancreatic Cancer SUNDAY, Sept. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say ...

153

An overview of bleaching techniques: 2. Night guard vital bleaching and non-vital bleaching.  

PubMed

Night Guard Vital Bleaching (NGVB) or dentist-monitored bleaching technique is probably the most widely used bleaching technique because of its relative ease of use, low cost, safety and high success rate. There are many non-vital bleaching techniques available, all of which have one thing in common, usually a successful result in the procedure returning the discoloured tooth to its original colour and beyond that when required. This article will give an overview of various home bleaching techniques: materials and regimens used, bleaching procedure and treatment of side-effects. In addition, it will review various in-surgery and at home techniques used for bleaching non-vital teeth. PMID:17165249

Sulieman, M

2006-09-01

154

An overview of bleaching techniques: 2. Night Guard Vital Bleaching and non-vital bleaching.  

PubMed

Night Guard Vital Bleaching (NGVB) or dentist-monitored bleaching technique is probably the most widely used bleaching technique because of its relative ease of use, low cost, safety and high success rate. There are many non-vital bleaching techniques available, all of which have one thing in common, usually a successful result in the procedure returning the discoloured tooth to its original colour and beyond that when required. This article will give an overview of various home bleaching techniques: materials and regimens used, bleaching procedure and treatment of side-effects. In addition, it will review various in-surgery and at home techniques used for bleaching non-vital teeth. PMID:15739663

Sulieman, M

2005-01-01

155

Vital Statistics Mortality Multiple Cause Data, Detail, 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic, underlying and multiple cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics ...

H. Rosenberg, J. D. Farrell

1972-01-01

156

Annual summary of vital statistics--1987.  

PubMed

Data for this article, as in previous reports, are drawn principally from Monthly Vital Statistics Report, published in the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The international data come from the annual Demographic Yearbook and the quarterly Population and Vital Statistics Report, both published by the Statistical Office of the United Nations, which has also been kind enough to provide directly more recent data reported by various countries. US data for 1987 are estimates by place of occurrence, based upon a count of all certificates received in state offices between two dates, one month apart, regardless of when the event occurred. Mortality data by cause and age, however, come from the Current Mortality Sample, a systematic 10% of those certificates, and thus may not correspond to the actual month of death. For the US as a whole the estimates, with few exceptions, are close to the subsequent final figures. There are considerable variations in some states, however, particularly in comparing provisional figures by place of occurrence and final data by place of residence. State information should be interpreted cautiously. Careful attention should be paid to differing denominators when studying rates presented in this article. For overall rates, like the birth rate or death rate, the standard denominator is 1,000 total population. In instances in which more refined analysis is possible, other denominators are used, such as 100,000; the character of the population is specified. The particular denominator is indicated in the table or in the context. PMID:3245863

Wegman, M E

1988-12-01

157

Annual summary of vital statistics--1986.  

PubMed

Data from this article, as in previous reports, are drawn principally from Monthly Vital Statistics Report, published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The international data come from the Demographic Yearbook and the quarterly Population and Vital Statistics Report, both published by the Statistical Office of the United Nations, which has also been kind enough to provide directly more recent data. Except for mortality data by cause and age, which are based on a 10% sample, all the US data for 1986 are estimates by place of occurrence, based upon a count of certificates received in state offices between two dates, 1 month apart, regardless of when the event occurred. Experience has shown that for the country as a whole the estimates, with few exceptions, are close to the subsequent final figures. There are considerable variations in some states, however, particularly in comparing provisional figures by place of occurrence and final data by place of residence. State information should be interpreted cautiously. Careful attention should be paid to the denominator when studying rates presented in this article. For overall rates, like the birth rate or death rate, the standard denominator is 1,000 total population. In instances where more refined analysis is possible, the denominator may be 100,000 and the character of the population specified. The particular denominator is indicated in the table or in the context. PMID:3684391

Wegman, M E

1987-12-01

158

Annual summary of vital statistics--1980.  

PubMed

Data for this article, as in previous reports, are drawn principally from the Monthly Vital Statistics Report, published by the National Center for Health Statistics. The international data come from the Demographic Yearbook and the quarterly Population and Vital Statistics Report, both published by the Statistical Office of the United Nations, which has also been kind enough to provide directly more recent data. Except for mortality data by cause and age, which are based on a 10% sample, all the United States data for 1980 are estimates by place of occurrence based upon a count of certificates received in state offices between two dates, one month apart, regardless of when the event occurred. Experience has shown that for the country as a whole the estimate is very close to the subsequent final figures. There are, however, considerable variations in a few of the states, particularly in comparing data by place of occurrence with data by place of residence. State information should be interpreted cautiously. PMID:7322710

Wegman, M E

1981-12-01

159

Annual summary of vital statistics--1982.  

PubMed

Data for this article, as in previous reports, are drawn principally from the Monthly Vital Statistics Report, published by the National Center for Health Statistics. The international data come from the Demographic Yearbook and the quarterly Population and Vital Statistics Report, both published by the Statistical Office of the United Nations, which has also been kind enough to provide directly more recent data. Except for mortality data by cause and age, which are based on a 10% sample, all the US data for 1982 are estimates by place of occurrence based upon a count of certificates received in state offices between two dates, one month apart, regardless of when the event occurred. Experience has shown that for the country as a whole the estimates are very close to the subsequent final figures. There are, however, considerable variations in a few of the states, particularly in comparing data by place of occurrence with data by place of residence. State information should be interpreted cautiously. PMID:6646920

Wegman, M E

1983-12-01

160

Annual summary of vital statistics--1983.  

PubMed

Data for this article, as in previous reports, are drawn principally from the Monthly Vital Statistics Report, published by the National Center for Health Statistics. The international data come from the Demographic Yearbook and the quarterly Population and Vital Statistics Report, both published by the Statistical Office of the United Nations, which has also been kind enough to provide directly more recent data. Except for mortality data by cause and age, which are based on a 10% sample, all the US data for 1983 are estimates by place of occurrence based upon a count of certificates received in state offices between two dates, one month apart, regardless of when the event occurred. Experience has shown that for the country as a whole the estimates are very close to the subsequent final figures. There are, however, considerable variations in a few of the states, particularly in comparing data by place of occurrence with data by place of residence. State information should be interpreted cautiously. PMID:6504642

Wegman, M E

1984-12-01

161

46 CFR 119.710 - Piping for vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) Vital systems are those systems that are vital to a vessel's survivability and safety. For the purpose of this part the following are vital systems: (1) Fuel systems; (2) Fire main; (3) CO2 and Halon systems; (4) Bilge system; (5) Steering...

2010-10-01

162

Prosthodontic Treatment Using Vital and Non Vital Submerged Roots-Two Case Reports  

PubMed Central

Residual ridge resorption has been considered as an inevitable consequence after extraction of the teeth. There is a gradual loss of the alveolar bone due to the pattern of bone remodeling. In spite of the availability of newer treatment modalities like endodontic restoration and periodontic procedures for preservation of the remaining teeth they are not feasible for the patients in severe stages where restoration might not be possible. The only reliable method of preserving the remaining bone is by maintaining the functional health of the teeth. Over the years, many studies showed that roots which are fractured and left behind during extractions are retained into the alveolar bone with no evidence of pathosis. Over denture as a treatment option was developed in an effort to preserve the remaining alveolar bone by retaining the natural teeth or roots. In over denture treatment, the teeth selected as abutments are prone to caries and periodontal disease over a period of time, hence evolved the vital or non vital root submergence concept. After a thorough radiographic and clinical examination, few teeth without pathosis are retained that eventually are surgically submerged in the alveolar ridge. After healing, the over denture with reaining vital or non vital teeth preserve the integrity of the bone, making the treatment an effective and successfull preventive prosthodontic treatment. PMID:24298542

Shankar, Y. Ravi; Srinivas, K.; Surapaneni, Hemchand; Reddy, S.V. Sudhakar

2013-01-01

163

Sign problem and MEM  

E-print Network

The sign problem is notorious in Monte Carlo simulations of lattice QCD with the finite density, lattice field theory (LFT) with a $\\theta$ term and quantum spin models. In this report, to deal with the sign problem, we apply the maximum entropy method (MEM) to LFT with the $\\theta$ term and investigate to what extent the MEM is applicable to this issue. Based on this study, we also make a brief comment about lattice QCD with the finite density in terms of the MEM.

Masahiro Imachi; Yasuhiko Shinno; Hiroshi Yoneyama

2006-01-13

164

Sign problem and MEM  

E-print Network

The sign problem is notorious in Monte Carlo simulations of lattice QCD with the finite density, lattice field theory (LFT) with a $\\theta$ term and quantum spin models. In this report, to deal with the sign problem, we apply the maximum entropy method (MEM) to LFT with the $\\theta$ term and investigate to what extent the MEM is applicable to this issue. Based on this study, we also make a brief comment about lattice QCD with the finite density in terms of the MEM.

Imachi, M; Yoneyama, H; Imachi, Masahiro; Shinno, Yasuhiko; Yoneyama, Hiroshi

2006-01-01

165

Signing the Alphabet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson you will review several sources to help you learn the signs for each letter of the American Alphabet as well as the numbers 1 through 10. Using signs to spell individual words is known as finger spelling. It talkes lots of practice to become a good finger speller. Before we begin learning the letters, we\\'ll start with an overview of finger spelling. Use the link below to read about some facts and tips on finger spelling: Fingerspelling Quiz One of ...

Hemingway, Mark

2008-10-15

166

Signs in Speare's "The Sign of the Beaver."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of signs in Elizabeth George Speare's "The Sign of the Beaver," in which a settler youth and a young Indian learn to communicate by signs, and how the signs reveal much about each character's culture. Summarizes the plot elements of the book, including characters who are not as sympathetic to the Indian point of view. (PA)

Moseley, Ann

1995-01-01

167

Hydrometrocolpos: the Fjord sign.  

PubMed

We want to stress a diagnostic sign in the diagnosis of pelvic cysts in newborns. In these cases the detection of an attached uterus is proof of a hydrocolpos or in cases with a dilated uterine cavity of a hydrometrocolpos. PMID:17599284

Schumacher, R; Brzezinska, R

2007-10-01

168

Derivative Sign Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the patterns of signs of infinitely differentiable real functions shows that only four patterns are possible if the function is required to exhibit the pattern at all points in its domain and that domain is the set of all real numbers. On the other hand all patterns are possible if the domain is a bounded open interval.

Clark, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

169

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE  

E-print Network

COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE /RENEWAL WEB SITE IRAN Institute of Higher Education of Alaodoleh Semnani 03.10.2011 www.asihe.ac.ir/en IRAN The University of Isfahn 15.03.2011 www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Islamic-Aviv University 04.03.2010 www.tau.ac.il ISRAEL Technion Israel Institute of Technology 03.12.2013 www

Di Pillo, Gianni

170

Signing in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes British Sign Language (BSL) as a viable option for teaching science. BSL is used by a vast number of people in Britain but is seldom taught in schools or included informally alongside lessons. With its new addition of a large scientific glossary, invented to modernise the way science is taught to deaf children, BSL breaks…

Ashby, Rachael

2013-01-01

171

The neurology of sign language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forms of sign language have developed in a number of countries. American Sign Language, which originated from French signing, has been most extensively researched. As sign language is based on gestures executed in space and perceived visually it might be thought that it would mainly be a function of the right cerebral hemisphere when this is the non-dominant one. A

Neil Gordon

2004-01-01

172

Handspeak: A Sign Language Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently renamed and updated, this "practical sign language online dictionary" features approximately 2,800 signs and is being added to on a regular basis. Visitors can use a search engine to find American Sign Language (ASL) signs for words or browse by an alphabetical index as well as by a limited subject index. Also included here are four fables told in sign language, a description of International Sign Language (ISL), and some brief, bullet-point discussions of SL culture and language. Note: the signs are demonstrated in stop-action GIF animation, so users need browsers that support this application.

173

Adverse Outcomes Among Women Presenting with Signs and Symptoms of Ischemia and No Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: Findings from the NHLBI-sponsored Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) Angiographic Core Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Background Women presenting with signs and symptoms of myocardial ischemia frequently have no or non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Objective To investigate associations between angiographic measures and longer-term clinical outcomes among women with signs and symptoms of ischemia referred for coronary angiography. Methods Prospective cohort analysis of women referred for coronary angiography and enrolled in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE). An angiographic severity score was prospectively developed, assigning points for any stenosis weighted by stenosis severity, location and collaterals, and then tested for prediction for adverse outcome in 917 women over a median 9.3 years. Setting Referral centers. Patients Women, with signs and/or symptoms of myocardial ischemia, referred for coronary angiography were consecutively consented and enrolled in a prospective study. Main Outcome Measures First occurrence of cardiovascular death or non-fatal myocardial infarction. Hospitalization for angina was a secondary outcome. Results Cardiovascular death or myocardial infarction at 10 years occurred in 6.7%, 12.8% and 25.9% of women with no, non-obstructive, and obstructive CAD (p<0.0001), respectively. Cumulative 10-year cardiovascular death or MI rates showed progressive, near linear, increases for each WISE CAD severity score range of 5, 5.1–10, 10.1–20, 20.1–50, and >50. The optimal threshold in the WISE severity score classifications for predicting cardiovascular mortality was >10 (e.g. 5.0–10 vs. 10.1–89), with both a sensitivity and specificity of 0.64 and an area under the curve of 0.64 (p=0.02, 95% CI = 0.59, 0.68). Conclusions Among women with signs and symptoms of ischemia, non-obstructive CAD is common, and associated with adverse outcomes over the longer-term. The new WISE angiographic score appears to be useful for risk prediction in this population. PMID:23816032

Sharaf, Barry; Wood, Todd; Shaw, Leslee; Johnson, B. Delia; Kelsey, Sheryl; Anderson, R. David; Pepine, Carl J.; Merz, Noel Bairey

2013-01-01

174

Current status of nightguard vital bleaching.  

PubMed

Indications for using a 10% carbamide peroxide material in a custom-fitted tray to whiten teeth include teeth discolored from aging, chromogenic foods and drinks, and smoking, and also brown fluorosis-stained teeth, single dark teeth, and tetracycline-stained teeth. Tetracycline-stains may require 2 to 6 months of nightly treatment, whereas after discolorations generally resolve in 2 to 6 weeks. After an initial relapse in the first 2 weeks after the end of treatment, color tends to be stable for 1 to 3 years, with some treatments being permanent. The ADA has approved only six 10% carbamide peroxide materials, which have extensive research and publications on safety and efficacy. Considering the average cost of $196 per arch, and the noninvasive nature of this treatment, nightguard vital bleaching is probably the safest, most cost-effective, patient-pleasing method to improve the appearance of a smile. However, it should be supervised by a dentist for the proper examination, diagnosis of the cause of discoloration, treatment options, and fabrication and fitting of the carrier. Sensitivity during whitening may be treated with fluoride and potassium nitrate. PMID:11908343

Haywood, V B

2000-01-01

175

Manual Signing in Adults with Intellectual Disability: Influence of Sign Characteristics on Functional Sign Vocabulary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of sign characteristics in a key word signing (KWS) system on the functional use of those signs by adults with intellectual disability (ID). Method: All 507 signs from a Flemish KWS system were characterized in terms of phonological, iconic, and referential characteristics.…

Meuris, Kristien; Maes, Bea; De Meyer, Anne-Marie; Zink, Inge

2014-01-01

176

To Capture a Face: A Novel Technique for the Analysis and Quantification of Facial Expressions in American Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Sign Language uses the face to express vital components of grammar in addition to the more universal expressions of emotion. The study of ASL facial expressions has focused mostly on the perception and categorization of various expression types by signing and nonsigning subjects. Only a few studies of the production of ASL facial…

Grossman, Ruth B.; Kegl, Judy

2006-01-01

177

Utilization of the wastes of vital activity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The recycling of wastes from the biological complex for use in life-support systems is discussed. Topics include laboratory equipment, heat treatment of waste materials, mineralization of waste products, methods for production of ammonium hydroxide and nitric acid, the extraction of sodium chloride from mineralized products, and the recovery of nutrient substances for plants from urine.

Gusarov, B. G.; Drigo, Y. A.; Novikov, V. M.; Samsonov, N. M.; Farafonov, N. S.; Chizhov, S. V.; Yazdovskiy, V. I.

1979-01-01

178

Math and Science: Vitality through Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of science and math instruction for elementary and secondary students highlights the use of microcomputer-based laboratories (MBL). Data collection, storage, and display are discussed, the use of databases to organize and manage information is described, and the exchange of ideas with other students through telecommunications is…

Kapisovsky, Peggy M.

1990-01-01

179

Faculty vitality in the comprehensive university: Changing context and concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the current research on faculty vitality—including studies of faculty workload, reward structures, and morale—are focused on research universities and liberal arts colleges. Results of two surveys of faculty vitality at DePaul University, administered in 1986 and 1992, suggest that the earlier models of faculty vitality, although useful, need to be reexamined for comprehensive universities. This case study suggests

Susy S. Chan; John Burton

1995-01-01

180

New Approaches in Vital Pulp Therapy in Permanent Teeth  

PubMed Central

Vitality of dental pulp is essential for long-term tooth survival. The aim of vital pulp therapy is to maintain healthy pulp tissue by eliminating bacteria from the dentin-pulp complex. There are several different treatment options for vital pulp therapy in extensively decayed or traumatized teeth. Pulp capping or pulpotomy procedures rely upon an accurate assessment of the pulp status, and careful management of the remaining pulp tissue. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of new approaches in vital pulp therapy in permanent teeth. PMID:24396371

Ghoddusi, Jamileh; Forghani, Maryam; Parisay, Iman

2014-01-01

181

Vital Elements Score Comments Introduction: Well defined & motivated  

E-print Network

Vital Elements Score Comments � Introduction: Well defined & motivated problem, question, &/or Elements Total Presentation Mechanics � Text legibility, size, amount � Clarity/understandability of plots

Ito, Garrett

182

Growth and vitality of epiphytic lichens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photosynthetic and respiratory CO2 gas exchange was measured under controlled climate conditions in the laboratory in two epiphytic lichens, Lobaria pulmonaria and Platismatia glauca, with the aim of modelling their net productivity using field microclimate data. For both, the thallus water content (WC)\\u000a and the light intensity had the greatest impact on photosynthesis. L. pulmonaria had optimum net photosynthesis (NP)

Bodil Sundberg; K. Palmqvist; Per-Anders Esseen; Karl-Erik Renhorn

1996-01-01

183

Gesture in Signing: A Case Study from Taiwan Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sign languages are understood to be fully formed, natural human languages. Studies of the phonological, morphological, and syntactic structure of sign lan- guages, also of the psycholinguistic and neurological processes involved in sign language production and comprehension, reveal analogs to spoken language struc- tures and processing at every level. It seems reasonable to assume, therefore, that the gradient gestural, prosodic,

Susan Duncan

2005-01-01

184

Signs of a Heart Attack  

MedlinePLUS

... attack Heart Health and Stroke Signs of a heart attack Related information Make the Call. Don't Miss ... to top More information on Signs of a heart attack Read more from womenshealth.gov Make the Call, ...

185

Contact Dermatitis: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... treatments A - D Contact dermatitis Signs and symptoms Contact dermatitis: Signs and symptoms Allergic contact dermatitis : Testing ... these symptoms, you need immediate medical care. Allergic contact dermatitis This skin condition occurs when you have ...

186

Vital Geographies: Life, Luck, and the Human Condition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life has been problematized anew by recent social change and scientific innovation. There are important and little studied geographical dimensions to any such understanding of “the politics of life itself,” however. A geographical perspective involves, first, highlighting the spatial aspects of both states and capital, two rather neglected dimensions of vital politics. Elaborating the geographical constitution of vital politics entails

Gerry Kearns; Simon Reid-Henry

2009-01-01

187

Perceived Change in Ethnolinguistic Vitality by Dominant and Minority Subgroups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived ethnolinguistic vitality of Vietnamese Australians and Anglo Australians in Brisbane is reported, as well as differences based on sex, level of education, and, for Anglo Australians, residence in areas with either high or low concentrations of Vietnamese Australians. Anglo Australians were perceived as much higher in vitality.…

Pittam, Jeffrey; And Others

1991-01-01

188

An Expanded Model of Faculty Vitality in Academic Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many faculty in today's academic medical centers face high levels of stress and low career satisfaction. Understanding faculty vitality is critically important for the health of our academic medical centers, yet the concept is ill-defined and lacking a comprehensive model. Expanding on previous research that examines vital faculty in higher…

Dankoski, Mary E.; Palmer, Megan M.; Laird, Thomas F. Nelson; Ribera, Amy K.; Bogdewic, Stephen P.

2012-01-01

189

California Department of Public Health Vital Records MS 5103  

E-print Network

California Department of Public Health Vital Records ­ MS 5103 P.O. Box 997410 Sacramento, CA 95899 should be mailed to: California Department of Public Health Vital Records ­ MS 5103 P.O. Box 997410 Services Agency California Department of Public Health APPLICATION

190

Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities  

E-print Network

Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II Studies 15 Mankato: Wireless technologies 17 Alexandria: Automation technologies 25 Northwest Minnesota challenges to prosperity and vitality in a knowledge-based global economy. Traditional sources of rural

Levinson, David M.

191

Warning Signs of Heart Failure  

MedlinePLUS

Warning Signs of Heart Failure Updated:Jul 18,2014 By themselves, any one sign of heart failure may not be cause for alarm. But ... content was last reviewed on 08/20/2012." Heart Failure • Home • About Heart Failure • Warning Signs of Heart ...

192

Sign Standards Table of Contents  

E-print Network

;Sign Standards 4 Exterior Signage Street Identification - Street identification signs are designed hardware. Design Blade style street sign with color matching Pantone 286 blue on top and color matching · Street Identification Page 5 · Parking Lot Identification Page 5 · Monument Page 6 · Off campus locations

Hartman, Chris

193

Linking vital rates to invasiveness of a perennial herb.  

PubMed

Invaders generally show better individual performance than non-invaders and, therefore, vital rates (survival, growth, fecundity) could potentially be used to predict species invasiveness outside their native range. Comparative studies have usually correlated vital rates with the invasiveness status of species, while few studies have investigated them in relation to population growth rate. Here, I examined the influence of five vital rates (plant establishment, survival, growth, flowering probability, seed production) and their variability (across geographic regions, habitat types, population sizes and population densities) on population growth rate (?) using data from 37 populations of an invasive, iteroparous herb (Lupinus polyphyllus) in a part of its invaded range in Finland. Variation in vital rates was often related to habitat type and population density. The performance of the populations varied from declining to rapidly increasing independently of habitat type, population size or population density, but differed between regions. The population growth rate increased linearly with plant establishment, and with the survival and growth of vegetative individuals, while the survival of flowering individuals and annual seed production were not related to ?. The vital rates responsible for rapid population growth varied among populations. These findings highlight the importance of both regional and local conditions to plant population dynamics, demonstrating that individual vital rates do not necessarily correlate with ?. Therefore, to understand the role of individual vital rates in a species ability to invade, it is necessary to quantify their effect on population growth rate. PMID:24390414

Ramula, Satu

2014-04-01

194

Buffering and plasticity in vital rates of oldfield rodents.  

PubMed

1. Under the hypothesis of environmental buffering, populations are expected to minimize the variance of the most influential vital rates; however, this may not be a universal principle. Species with a life span <1 year may be less likely to exhibit buffering because of temporal or seasonal variability in vital rate sensitivities. Further, plasticity in vital rates may be adaptive for species in a variable environment with reliable cues. 2. We tested for environmental buffering and plasticity in vital rates using stage-structured matrix models from long-term data sets in four species of grassland rodents. We used periodic matrices to estimate stochastic elasticity for each vital rate and then tested for correlations with a standardized coefficient of variation for each rate. 3. We calculated stochastic elasticities for individual months to test for an association between increased reproduction and the influence of reproduction, relative to survival, on the population growth rate. 4. All species showed some evidence of buffering. The elasticity of vital rates of Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque, 1818), Sigmodon hispidus Say & Ord, 1825 and Microtus ochrogaster (Wagner, 1842) was negatively related to vital rate CV. Elasticity and vital rate CV were negatively related in Peromyscus maniculatus (Wagner, 1845), but the relationship was not statistically significant. Peromyscus leucopus and M. ochrogaster showed plasticity in vital rates; reproduction was higher following months where elasticity for reproduction exceeded that of survival. 5. Our results suggest that buffering is common in species with fast life histories; however, some populations that exhibit buffering are capable of responding to short-term variability in environmental conditions through reproductive plasticity. PMID:22375923

Reed, Aaron W; Slade, Norman A

2012-09-01

195

Sign language comprehension: the case of Spanish sign language.  

PubMed

This study aims to answer the question, how much of Spanish Sign Language interpreting deaf individuals really understand. Study sampling included 36 deaf people (deafness ranging from severe to profound; variety depending on the age at which they learned sign language) and 36 hearing people who had good knowledge of sign language (most were interpreters). Sign language comprehension was assessed using passages of secondary level. After being exposed to the passages, the participants had to tell what they had understood about them, answer a set of related questions, and offer a title for the passage. Sign language comprehension by deaf participants was quite acceptable but not as good as that by hearing signers who, unlike deaf participants, were not only late learners of sign language as a second language but had also learned it through formal training. PMID:18079141

Rodríguez Ortiz, I R

2008-01-01

196

Ergonomics and design: traffic sign and street name sign.  

PubMed

This work proposes a design methodology using ergonomics and anthropometry concepts applied to traffic sign and street name sign projects. Initially, a literature revision on cognitive ergonomics and anthropometry is performed. Several authors and their design methodologies are analyzed and the aspects to be considered in projects of traffic and street name signs are selected and other specific aspects are proposed for the design methodology. A case study of the signs of "Street of Antiques" in Porto Alegre city is presented. To do that, interviews with the population are made to evaluate the current situation of signs. After that, a new sign proposal with virtual prototyping is done using the developed methodology. The results obtained with new interviews about the proposal show the user satisfaction and the importance of cognitive ergonomics to development of this type of urban furniture. PMID:22316934

Moroni, Janaina Luisa da Silva; Aymone, José Luís Farinatti

2012-01-01

197

The effect of colored borders and age on the conspicuity of warning signs in a complex visual environment  

E-print Network

This laboratory study examined the effect of colored borders and age on the conspicuity of roadside warning signs embedded in cluttered urban environments. Prior research has suggested that a uniform border surrounding a sign will increase its...

Chard, Joshua Turner

2012-06-07

198

Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly Patients were six times more ... 21, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Emergency Medical Services Stroke FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke outcomes ...

199

46 CFR 119.710 - Piping for vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...survivability and safety. For the purpose of this part the following are vital systems: (1) Fuel systems; (2) Fire main; (3) Carbon dioxide, Halon 1301, and clean agent systems; (4) Bilge system; (5) Steering system;...

2012-10-01

200

46 CFR 182.710 - Piping for vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...survivability and safety. For the purpose of this part the following are vital systems: (1) Fuel system; (2) Fire main; (3) Carbon dioxide, Halon 1301, and clean agent systems; (4) Bilge system; (5) Steering system;...

2013-10-01

201

46 CFR 182.710 - Piping for vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...survivability and safety. For the purpose of this part the following are vital systems: (1) Fuel system; (2) Fire main; (3) Carbon dioxide, Halon 1301, and clean agent systems; (4) Bilge system; (5) Steering system;...

2012-10-01

202

46 CFR 119.710 - Piping for vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...survivability and safety. For the purpose of this part the following are vital systems: (1) Fuel systems; (2) Fire main; (3) Carbon dioxide, Halon 1301, and clean agent systems; (4) Bilge system; (5) Steering system;...

2013-10-01

203

Allergy to laboratory animals in laboratory technicians and animal keepers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of allergy to laboratory animals (LAA) was investigated in laboratory technicians and animal keepers. In a questionnaire 41 of 101 technicians reported symptoms provoked by work with laboratory animals. On clinical investigation 30 were found to have symptoms and signs related to contact with animals, and allergy was confirmed by radioallergosorbent tests (RAST) and skin tests in 19.

G Agrup; L Belin; L Sjöstedt; S Skerfving

1986-01-01

204

Born under a bad sign? Astrological sign and suicide ideation.  

PubMed

This study tests the thesis that the internalization of the traits associated with astrological signs affects suicide ideation. Data are from a national sample (N = 7,508). Only the most negativistic sign of Pisces was significantly associated with suicide ideation. PMID:3399320

Stack, S; Lester, D

1988-04-01

205

Symmetry in Sign Language Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the range of ways that sign languages use geometric symmetry temporally and spatially to create poetic effect. Poets use this symmetry in sign language art to highlight duality and thematic contrast, and to create symbolic representations of beauty, order and harmony. (Contains 8 tables, 14 figures and 6 notes.)

Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Kaneko, Michiko

2007-01-01

206

Keresan Pueblo Indian Sign Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the use of Keresan Pueblo Indian Sign Language (KPISL) in one small, Keresan-speaking pueblo in central New Mexico, where 15 out of 650 tribal members have severe to profound hearing loss (twice the national average). KPISL did not originate for the same purposes as the Plains Indian Sign Language, (PISL) which was developed…

Kelley, Walter P.; McGregor, Tony L.

207

Viewpoint invariant sign language recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewpoint invariance is a grand challenge for sign language recognition. In this paper, we propose a novel viewpoint invariant method for sign language recognition. The recognition task is converted to a verification task under the proposed method. This conversion is based on the geometric constraint that the fundamental matrix associated with two views SHOULD BE UNIQUE when the observation and

Qi Wang; Xilin Chen; Liangguo Zhang; Chunli Wang; Wen Gao

2005-01-01

208

Kinematic Parameters of Signed Verbs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Sign language users recruit physical properties of visual motion to convey linguistic information. Research on American Sign Language (ASL) indicates that signers systematically use kinematic features (e.g., velocity, deceleration) of dominant hand motion for distinguishing specific semantic properties of verb classes in production…

Malaia, Evie; Wilbur, Ronnie B.; Milkovic, Marina

2013-01-01

209

Sign Program for a University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A co-ordinated sign program for a multi-campus university not only helps students and visitors find their way around, but is a design element that adds identification and unity. Graphic designer, Paul Arthur, has designed a modular sign system for the University of Tennessee with all elements having standard color, lettering, size and materials.…

Architectural and Engineering News, 1968

1968-01-01

210

NUHOMS{reg_sign} update  

SciTech Connect

NUHOMS{reg_sign} is the dry spent fuel storage and transportation technology selected to date by the majority of commercial nuclear utilities. The author first gives a system overview of the NUHOMS{reg_sign}. Next she discusses the project status and licensing status. She closes with an update of the multi-purpose canister.

Rich, N. [Vectra Technologies, San Jose, CA (United States)

1995-12-31

211

Cutaneous signs of systemic disease.  

PubMed

Commonly used dermatologic eponyms and characteristic skin signs are enormously helpful in guiding a diagnosis, even though they may not be pathonemonic. They include, on the nails, Aldrich-Mees' lines (syn.: Mees' lines), Beau's lines, Muehrcke's lines, Terry's nails, and half and half nails, often associated, respectively, with arsenic poisoning, acute stress or systemic illness, severe hypertension, liver disease and uremia, and, around the nails, Braverman's sign, associated with collagen-vascular disease. Elsewhere, one may see the Asboe-Hansen and Nikolsky's signs, indicative of the pemphigus group of diseases, Auspitz's sign, a classic finding in psoriasis, Borsieri's and Pasita's signs, seen in early scarlet fever, the butterfly rash, indicative of systemic lupus erythematosus, and the buffalo hump, seen in Cushing's disease and also in the more common corticosteroid toxicity. Gottron's papules and the heliotrope rash are signs of dermatomyositis. Janeway's lesions and Osler's nodes are seen in bacterial endocarditis. A Dennie-Morgan fold under the eye is seen in association with atopic disease. Koplik's spots are an early sign of rubeola. Fitzpatrick's sign is indicative of a benign lesion (dermatofibroma), whereas Hutchinson's sign is indicative of a malignant one (subungual melanoma). Petechiae are seen in many diseases, including fat embolization, particularly from a large bone fracture following trauma. Palpable purpura is indicative of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, and is an early, critical sign in Rickettsial diseases, including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, which must be diagnosed and treated early. Hyperpigmentation of areolae and scars is seen in Addison's disease. Acanthosis nigricans may indicate internal cancer, especially stomach cancer, whereas Bazex's syndrome occurs in synchrony with primary, usually squamous cancer, in the upper aerodigestive tract or metastatic cancer in cervical lymph nodes. Perioral pigmented macules or one or more cutaneous sebaceous neoplasms may be a sign of the Peutz-Jeghers or Muir-Torre syndrome, respectively, both associated also with intestinal polyps that have a malignant potential. Telangiectasiae in the perioral region may be associated with similar lesions internally in Osler-Weber-Rendu disease. Kerr's sign is indicative of spinal cord injury and Darier's sign of mastocytosis. Post proctoscopic periobital purpura (PPPP) is a phenomenon observed in some patients with systemic amyloidosis. Koebner's isomorphic response refers to the tendency of an established dermatosis, such as psoriasis, to arise in (a) site(s) of trauma, whereas Wolf's isotrophic response refers to a new dermatosis, such as tinea, not yet seen in the patient, arising in (a) site(s) of a former but different dermatosis, such as zoster. PMID:21855727

Patel, Laju M; Lambert, Phelps J; Gagna, Claude E; Maghari, Amin; Lambert, W Clark

2011-01-01

212

Vital Signs: Fatalities and Binge Drinking Among High School Students: A Critical Issue to Emergency Departments and Trauma Centers  

PubMed Central

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published significant data and trends related to drinking and driving among United States (U.S.) high school students. National data from 1991–2011 shows an overall 54% relative decrease (from 22% to 10.3%) in drinking and driving among U.S. high school students aged ? 16 years. In 2011, this still represents approximately 950,000 high school students ages 16–19 years. The decrease in drinking and driving among teens is not fully understood, but is believed to be due to policy developments, enforcement of laws, graduated licenses, and economic impacts. Most significant to emergency physicians is that even with these restrictions, in 2010 approximately 2,700 teens (ages 16–19) were killed in the U.S. and about 282,000 were treated and released from emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor-vehicle accidents. In the same year, 1 in 5 drivers between the ages of 16–19 who were involved in fatal crashes had positive (>0.00%) blood alcohol concentration (BAC). We present findings from the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report with commentary on current recommendations and policies for reducing drinking and driving among adolescents. PMID:23687547

Cisneros, Victor; Chakravarthy, Bharath

2013-01-01

213

Real-Time Detection and Tracking of Vital Signs with an Ambulatory Subject Using Millimeter-Wave Interferometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finding a subject's heart rate from a distance without any contact is a difficult and very practical problem. This kind of technology would allow more comfortable patient monitoring in hospitals or in home settings. It would also allow another level of security screening, as a person's heart rate increases in stressful situations, such as when lying or hiding malicious intent. In addition, the fact that the heart rate is obtained remotely means that the subject would not have to know he/she is being monitored at all, adding to the efficacy of the measurement. Using millimeter-wave interferometry, a signal can be obtained that contains composite chest wall motion made up of component motions due to cardiac activity, respiration, and interference. To be of use, these components have to be separated from each other by signal processing. To do this, the quadrature and in-phase components of the received signal are analyzed to get a displacement waveform. After that, processing can be done on that waveform in either the time or frequency domains to find the individual heartbeats. The first method is to find the power spectrum of the displacement waveform and to look for peaks corresponding to heartbeats and respiration. Another approach is to examine the signal in the time domain using wavelets for multiresolution analysis. One more method involves studying the statistics of the wavelet-processed signal. The final method uses a heartbeat model along with probabilistic processing to find heartbeats. For any of the above methods to work, the millimeter-wave sensor has to be accurately pointed at the subject's chest. However, even small subject motions can render the rest of the gathered data useless as the antenna may have lost its aim. To combat this, a color and a depth camera are used with a servo-pan/tilt base. My program finds a face in the image and subsequently tracks that face through upcoming frames. The pan/tilt base adjusts the aim of the antenna depending on the subject's position. This makes the entire system self-aiming and also allows the subject to move to a new location and to have data acquisition continue.

Mikhelson, Ilya V.

214

Utility of monitoring capnography, pulse oximetry, and vital signs in the detection of airway mishaps: A hyperoxemic animal model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to determine the time interval for changes in end-tidal CO2, oxygen saturation (Sao2), heart rate (HR), and blood pressure (BP) in response to an acute airway obstruction or hypopharyngeal extubation in a hyperoxemic model. Complete and partial airway obstructions were simulated with complete and partial cross-clamping of an endotracheal (ET) tube in five anesthetized, nonparalyzed, mechanically

Michael P Poirier; Javier A Gonzalez Del-Rey; Constance M McAneney; Gregg A Digiulio

1998-01-01

215

Vital signs: health burden and medical costs of nonfatal injuries to motor vehicle occupants - United States, 2012.  

PubMed

Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury and death. Previous research has shown that motor vehicle crashes result in substantial mortality, with 22,912 motor vehicle occupants killed in 2012 in the United States, and an estimated 265,000 years of potential life lost in 2011 (CDC's Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System [WISQARS], unpublished data, 2014). The estimated medical cost of such fatalities was $226 million. Because the burden of nonfatalinjuries caused by motor vehicle crashes has been less well documented, this report estimates the U.S. health burden and medical and work loss costs of nonfatal motor vehicle crash injuries; the most recent available data on emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations were examined. PMID:25299606

Bergen, Gwen; Peterson, Cora; Ederer, David; Florence, Curtis; Haileyesus, Tadesse; Kresnow, Marcie-Jo; Xu, Likang

2014-10-10

216

Ecological thresholds as a basis for defining management triggers for National Park Service vital signs: case studies for dryland ecosystems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Threshold concepts are used in research and management of ecological systems to describe and interpret abrupt and persistent reorganization of ecosystem properties (Walker and Meyers, 2004; Groffman and others, 2006). Abrupt change, referred to as a threshold crossing, and the progression of reorganization can be triggered by one or more interactive disturbances such as land-use activities and climatic events (Paine and others, 1998). Threshold crossings occur when feedback mechanisms that typically absorb forces of change are replaced with those that promote development of alternative equilibria or states (Suding and others, 2004; Walker and Meyers, 2004; Briske and others, 2008). The alternative states that emerge from a threshold crossing vary and often exhibit reduced ecological integrity and value in terms of management goals relative to the original or reference system. Alternative stable states with some limited residual properties of the original system may develop along the progression after a crossing; an eventual outcome may be the complete loss of pre-threshold properties of the original ecosystem. Reverting to the more desirable reference state through ecological restoration becomes increasingly difficult and expensive along the progression gradient and may eventually become impossible. Ecological threshold concepts have been applied as a heuristic framework and to aid in the management of rangelands (Bestelmeyer, 2006; Briske and others, 2006, 2008), aquatic (Scheffer and others, 1993; Rapport and Whitford 1999), riparian (Stringham and others, 2001; Scott and others, 2005), and forested ecosystems (Allen and others, 2002; Digiovinazzo and others, 2010). These concepts are also topical in ecological restoration (Hobbs and Norton 1996; Whisenant 1999; Suding and others, 2004; King and Hobbs, 2006) and ecosystem sustainability (Herrick, 2000; Chapin and others, 1996; Davenport and others, 1998). Achieving conservation management goals requires the protection of resources within the range of desired conditions (Cook and others, 2010). The goal of conservation management for natural resources in the U.S. National Park System is to maintain native species and habitat unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. Achieving this goal requires, in part, early detection of system change and timely implementation of remediation. The recent National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring program (NPS I&M) was established to provide early warning of declining ecosystem conditions relative to a desired native or reference system (Fancy and others, 2009). To be an effective tool for resource protection, monitoring must be designed to alert managers of impending thresholds so that preventive actions can be taken. This requires an understanding of the ecosystem attributes and processes associated with threshold-type behavior; how these attributes and processes become degraded; and how risks of degradation vary among ecosystems and in relation to environmental factors such as soil properties, climatic conditions, and exposure to stressors. In general, the utility of the threshold concept for long-term monitoring depends on the ability of scientists and managers to detect, predict, and prevent the occurrence of threshold crossings associated with persistent, undesirable shifts among ecosystem states (Briske and others, 2006). Because of the scientific challenges associated with understanding these factors, the application of threshold concepts to monitoring designs has been very limited to date (Groffman and others, 2006). As a case in point, the monitoring efforts across the 32 NPS I&M networks were largely designed with the knowledge that they would not be used to their full potential until the development of a systematic method for understanding threshold dynamics and methods for estimating key attributes of threshold crossings. This report describes and demonstrates a generalized approach that we implemented to formalize understanding and estimating of threshold dynamics for terrestrial dryland ecosystems in nationa

Bowker, Matthew A.; Miller, Mark E.; Belote, R. Travis; Garman, Steven L.

2013-01-01

217

Implementing routine screening for distress, the sixth vital sign, for patients with head and neck and neurologic cancers.  

PubMed

This study examined the benefits of incorporating screening for distress as a routine part of care for patients with head and neck and neurologic cancers in a tertiary cancer center. Using a comparative 2-cohort pre-post implementation sequential design, consecutive outpatients with head and neck and neurologic cancers were recruited into 2 separate cohorts. Cohort 1 included patients attending clinics during April 2010, before the implementation of the screening program. The program was then implemented and patients completed the Screening for Distress Minimum Dataset (the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System [ESAS] and the Canadian Problem Checklist [CPC]) at each clinic visit. Cohort 2 included patients attending clinics during March 2011. Consenting patients completed screening and outcome measures (ESAS, CPC, and either the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain or the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck). A total of 146 patients (78 head and neck and 68 neurologic) provided data for Cohort 1, and 143 (81 head and neck and 62 neurologic) provided data for Cohort 2. Compared with Cohort 1, patients with neurologic cancers in Cohort 2 reported significantly higher scores on the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy: General total and emotional quality of life subscale; fewer high scores (? 4) on the ESAS breathlessness item; and fewer problems with fears/worries, frustration/anger, finding meaning in life, and worry about friends/family. Head and neck patients in Cohort 2 reported significantly higher emotional quality of life and fewer problems with eating and weight than those in Cohort 1. Although no definitive causal attributions can be made, patients exposed to routine screening for distress reported better well-being and fewer emotional, physical, and practical problems than historical controls. PMID:24142826

Bultz, Barry D; Waller, Amy; Cullum, Jodi; Jones, Paula; Halland, Johan; Groff, Shannon L; Leckie, Catriona; Shirt, Lisa; Blanchard, Scott; Lau, Harold; Easaw, Jacob; Fassbender, Konrad; Carlson, Linda E

2013-10-01

218

Effects of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Sleep Quality of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients in Intensive Care Units  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6?:?2?:?0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same essential oils were inhaled another 10 times after PCI. Outcome measures patients' state anxiety, sleeping quality, and BP. An aromatherapy group showed significantly low anxiety (t = 5.99, P < .001) and improving sleep quality (t = ?3.65, P = .001) compared with conventional nursing intervention. The systolic BP of both groups did not show a significant difference by time or in a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 4.63, P = .036). The diastolic BP did not show any significant difference by time or by a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 6.93, P = .011). In conclusion, the aromatherapy effectively reduced the anxiety levels and increased the sleep quality of PCI patients admitted to the ICU. Aromatherapy may be used as an independent nursing intervention for reducing the anxiety levels and improving the sleep quality of PCI patients. PMID:23476690

Cho, Mi-Yeon; Min, Eun Sil; Hur, Myung-Haeng; Lee, Myeong Soo

2013-01-01

219

A vital signs telemonitoring system - interoperability supported by a personal health record systema and a cloud service.  

PubMed

This article presents the development process of an acquisition and data storage system managing clinical variables through a cloud storage service and a Personal Health Record (PHR) System. First, the paper explains how a Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) that captures data from two sensors corresponding to arterial pressure and heart rate is designed. Second, this paper illustrates how data collected by the WBAN are transmitted to a cloud storage service. It is worth mentioning that this cloud service allows the data to be stored in a persistent way on an online database system. Finally, the paper describes, how the data stored in the cloud service are sent to the Indivo PHR System, where they are registered and charted for future revision by health professionals. The research demonstrated the feasibility of implementing WBAN networks for the acquisition of clinical data, and particularly for the use of Web technologies and standards to provide interoperability with PHR Systems at technical and syntactic levels. PMID:24851975

Gutiérrez, Miguel F; Cajiao, Alejandro; Hidalgo, José A; Cerón, Jesús D; López, Diego M; Quintero, Víctor M; Rendón, Alvaro

2014-01-01

220

Effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, vital signs, and sleep quality of percutaneous coronary intervention patients in intensive care units.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6?:?2?:?0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same essential oils were inhaled another 10 times after PCI. Outcome measures patients' state anxiety, sleeping quality, and BP. An aromatherapy group showed significantly low anxiety (t = 5.99, P < .001) and improving sleep quality (t = -3.65, P = .001) compared with conventional nursing intervention. The systolic BP of both groups did not show a significant difference by time or in a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 4.63, P = .036). The diastolic BP did not show any significant difference by time or by a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 6.93, P = .011). In conclusion, the aromatherapy effectively reduced the anxiety levels and increased the sleep quality of PCI patients admitted to the ICU. Aromatherapy may be used as an independent nursing intervention for reducing the anxiety levels and improving the sleep quality of PCI patients. PMID:23476690

Cho, Mi-Yeon; Min, Eun Sil; Hur, Myung-Haeng; Lee, Myeong Soo

2013-01-01

221

Respiratory parameters as a surrogate marker for duration of intubation: potential application of automated vital sign collection.  

PubMed

Prolonged time during endotracheal tube placement has been associated with poor outcomes, including cardiac arrest and death. For this reason, the accurate measurement of the duration of intubation time is an important metric in studies that evaluate interventions to improve airway outcomes. In the current study we correlated the gaps in routinely measured ventilatory parameters with duration of the intubation procedure to determine if these intervals could be used to accurately calculate the intubation time. Fifty-six random airway management encounters were video recorded along with a continuous video feed of the patient monitor. Intubation event times were measured and correlated with "gap" times of end-tidal carbon dioxide, airway pressure, airway flow, tidal volume, and respiratory rate defined as the disappearance of the parameter at the end of mask ventilation to the reappearance after intubation. Scatter plots were generated for intubation times versus each parameter time gap and correlation coefficients were calculated. Of the 56 recordings 50 of were suitable for analysis. The correlation of the gaps in airway pressure and airway flow correlated best with the duration of intubation (R(2) = 0.88) and were available on all cases. The gap in measured tidal volume of 39 ± 53 s most closely approximated the actual duration of intubation of 38 ± 28 s, (R(2) = 0.85, y = x - 0.87). During intubation, the disappearance gaps in tidal volume, and the airway pressure and flow waveforms highly correlate with the duration of the intubation procedure and may be useful in the evaluation of airway management interventions. However, just as there are limitations to a labor-intensive method of recording airway management timing, there are limitations to using an automated method. PMID:23584572

Hester, Doug; McGrane, Stuart; Higgins, Michael S

2013-10-01

222

Helpful Self-Control: Autonomy Support, Vitality, and Depletion  

PubMed Central

Why someone exerts self-control may influence how depleting a task is. Feeling compelled to exert self-control require more self-control strength than exerting self-control for more autonomous reasons. Across three experiments, individuals whose autonomy was supported while exerting self-control performed better on a subsequent test of self-control as compared to individuals who had more pressure placed upon them while exerting self-control. The differences in self-control performance were not due to anxiety, stress, unpleasantness, or reduced motivation among the controlled participants. Additional analyses suggested that the decline in self-control performance was mediated by subjective vitality. Feelings of autonomy support lead to enhanced feelings of subjective vitality. This increased vitality may help replenish lost ego-strength, which lead to better self-control performance subsequently. PMID:18496610

Muraven, Mark; Gagne, Marylene; Rosman, Heather

2008-01-01

223

Nightguard vital bleaching: a review and clinical study.  

PubMed

Based on current clinical experience and research, dentist-prescribed home bleaching, also referred to as nightguard vital bleaching, is a safe and effective technique for whitening teeth when a carbamide peroxide material (up to 10 percent) is used. The bleaching material should be produced by a recognised and reputable manufacturer and must be used under a dentist's supervision over a relatively short time. Mild thermal sensitivity is a common side effect; however, no long-term pulpal effects have been shown. The reduction in the bond strength of resin to freshly bleached enamel and dentine has been shown to be transient, and no clinically significant changes in surface morphology or physical properties have been shown to occur to teeth or dental restorative materials as a result of vital bleaching. As a consequence, vital bleaching has gained favour with patients and dentists alike. Significant benefit was obtained in 12 subjects using two nightguard bleaching systems which were equally effective. PMID:9775640

Lyons, K; Ng, B

1998-09-01

224

3 CFR - Presidential Signing Statements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provisions do not require a veto of the entire bill. In recent years, there has been considerable public discussion and criticism of the use of signing statements to raise constitutional objections to statutory provisions. There is no doubt...

2010-01-01

225

xdamp: An IDL{reg_sign}-based Data Manipulation Program  

SciTech Connect

The original DAMP (DAta Manipulation Program) was written by Mark Hedemann of Sandia National Laboratories and used the CA-DISSPLA{trademark} (available from Computer Associates International, Inc., Garden City, NY) graphics package as its engine. It was used to plot, modify, and otherwise manipulate the one-dimensional data waveforms (data vs time) from a wide variety of accelerators. With the waning of CA-DISSPLA and the increasing popularity of UNIX{reg_sign}-based workstations, a replacement was needed. This package uses the IDL{reg_sign} software, available from Research Systems Incorporated in Boulder, Colorado, as the engine, and creates a set of widgets to manipulate the data in a manner similar to the original DAMP. IDL is currently supported on a wide variety of UNIX platforms such as IBM{reg_sign} workstations, Hewlett Packard workstations, SUN{reg_sign} workstations, Microsoft{reg_sign} Windows{trademark} computers, Macintosh{reg_sign} computers and Digital Equipment Corporation VMS{reg_sign} systems. Thus, this program should be portable across many platforms. We have verified operation, albeit with some IDL bugs, on IBM UNIX platforms, DEC Alpha systems, HP 9000/7OO series workstations, and Macintosh computers, both regular and PowerPC{trademark} versions.

Ballard, W.P.

1995-04-01

226

Curiosity rover zaps Mars for life signs July 30, 2012  

E-print Network

Los Alamos technologies are aboard the Mars Science Laboratory mission's Curiosity rover, set to touch with the mission, which is designed to answer the burning question of whether Mars is or was habitable. More than- 1 - Curiosity rover zaps Mars for life signs July 30, 2012 Curiosity rover zaps Mars for life

227

International Road Signs: Interpretability and Training Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The drivers in a battalion about to be deployed to Germany were taught the meanings of international road signs using one of the following techniques: Sign Only, in which the road signs were presented via a slide projector and the names of the slides provided orally by the instructor; Sign Elaboration, which was identical to the Sign Only…

Griffith, Douglas; Actkinson, Tomme R.

228

Effects of metabolic inhibitors on vital staining with methylene blue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The peripheral innervation of murine skin was vitally stained with methylene blue and the effects of various metabolic inhibitors on the staining process were investigated. The observed effects suggest that uptake of the dye is dependent on the integrity of a membrane-associated adenosine triphosphatase and an unidentified metallo-enzyme. Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and the cytochrome system are not necessary

J. A. Kiernan

1974-01-01

229

Social Security: Strengthening a Vital Safety Net for Latinos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1935, Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans who cannot work because of age or disability. This safety net has been especially critical for Americans of Latino decent, who number more than 50 million or nearly one out of every six Americans. Social Security is critical to Latinos because it is much more…

Cruz, Jeff

2012-01-01

230

Media Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality in Bilingual Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the relationships between media, media use and language retention. In pursuing this aim, we explore the utility of ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) as a fruitful conceptual tool. The extant research on the relationship between the media and language retention and development provides an encouragement to pursue in more detail…

Moring, Tom; Husband, Charles; Lojander-Visapaa, Catharina; Vincze, Laszlo; Fomina, Joanna; Manty, Nadja Nieminen

2011-01-01

231

Transformative and Restorative Learning: A Vital Dialectic for Sustainable Societies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the potential of critical transformative learning for revitalizing citizen action, particularly action toward a sustainable society. Through an action research process with 14 university extension participants, it was found that a dialectic of transformative and restorative learning is vital for fostering active citizenship.…

Lange, Elizabeth A.

2004-01-01

232

Curiosity-driven `Blue Sky' Research: a threatened vital activity?  

E-print Network

Curiosity-driven `Blue Sky' Research: a threatened vital activity? Sir John Cadogan Inaugural............................................... 10 Appendix 3: Comments on the ROPA scheme... ............. 48 #12;1 Curiosity-driven `Blue Sky.manchester.ac.uk Page 6: `Cisplatin': By Larry Ostby [Public domain] via Wikipedia Commons #12;Curiosity-driven `Blue

Grant, P. W.

233

Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography  

E-print Network

Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography Gangjun Liu1 hasbeenacceptedin forensics sincethenineteenth century, and the fingerprint has become one of the most widely used biometric characteristics. Most of the modern fingerprint recognition systems are based on the print pattern

Rose, Michael R.

234

Population Ecology Managing Multiple Vital Rates to Maximize  

E-print Network

Population Ecology Managing Multiple Vital Rates to Maximize Greater Sage-Grouse Population Growth on greater sage-grouse, range-wide demographic data have yet to be synthesized into a sensitivity analysis to guide management actions. We reviewed range-wide demographic rates for greater sage-grouse from 1938

Mills, L. Scott

235

Organizational Diversity, Vitality and Outcomes in the Civil Rights Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociologists often assert, but rarely test, the claim that organizational diversity benefi ts social movements by invigorating movement vitality and facilitating success. Our analysis of black civil rights organizations shows that goal and tactical diversity of a social movement is largely a function of organizational density, level of resources available to the movement, and the number of protests initiated by

Susan. Olzak; Emily. Ryo

2007-01-01

236

Private Providers in State Pre-K: Vital Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although state pre-K initiatives vary from state to state, they all share common characteristics in pursuing their goal of educating young children. Private providers have played a vital role of expanding access in states that have established rapid timelines for pre-K implementation or expansion, such as New Jersey (to comply with a court order)…

Hustedt, Jason T.; Barnett, W. Steven

2011-01-01

237

Career Vitality of Professors: A Cognitive Restructuring Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An attributional model that conceptualizes the pressures that reduce professors' personal and career vitality is presented. The model is based primarily on the locus of control literature and especially the reformulated model of learned helplessness by Lynn Abramson, Martin Seligman, and John Teasdale. The analysis deals only with the cognitive…

Bumpus, J. Frank

238

California Department of Public Health Vital Records MS 5103  

E-print Network

California Department of Public Health Vital Records ­ MS 5103 P.O. Box 997410 Sacramento, CA 95899 law. If we cannot locate the record based on the information you provide, California Health -- but the sworn statement must include the name of each person whose record is being requested and your

239

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy  

E-print Network

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy Bryan Martin, The Colorado Mountain Club #12;Colorado's Recreation Economy The Colorado Mountain Club · 8,000 Members · 14 Chapters's Recreation Economy By the Numbers · $10 Billion Annually · 107,000 Jobs · $500 Million in State Tax Revenue

240

EMERGENCIES Only VITAL State Business Calls Are to Be Placed  

E-print Network

IN PROGRESS A. If you witness a crime in progress or discover a crime scene, note vital information and report until the police arrive. C. Important Reminders: 1. Do not disturb the crime scene. 2. Note other. #12;REPORT CRIMES AND PROPERTY LOSS TO LOCAL CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL OFFICE I. CRIMES OR CRIMES

241

Updated May 2012 MILITARY ACCESSIONS VITAL TO NATIONAL INTEREST (MAVNI)  

E-print Network

Updated May 2012 MILITARY ACCESSIONS VITAL TO NATIONAL INTEREST (MAVNI) RECRUITMENT PILOT The Secretary of Defense authorized the military services to recruit certain legal aliens whose skills value in enhancing military readiness, the limited pilot program will recruit up to 1,500 people per

Hall, Daniel

242

VitalDust: Wireless Sensor Networks for Emergency Medical Care  

E-print Network

Mote with processor and radio Antenna Finger sensor · Mica2 motes transmit blood oxygen and pulseVitalDust: Wireless Sensor Networks for Emergency Medical Care Breanne Duncan, David Malan Wireless Sensor Networks Family of UC Berkeley "mote" designs WeC (1999) René (2000) DOT (2001) Exciting

Malan, David J.

243

Analysis of safety properties for vital system communication protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Railway signaling systems is a vital control system which is responsible for preventing the train collision from functions such as speed control and route control between trains. As the recent advances of electronic and telecommunication technologies, the existing signaling system has been replaced with new electronic ones. When it comes to the configuration by micro-processors, the interface link among those

Jong-gyu Hwang; Hyun-jeong Jo; Rak-gyo Jeong

2007-01-01

244

Career Vitalization and Stress among Professors: An Attributional Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model that conceptualizes career stress for faculty members and that suggests options for enhancing career vitality is considered. The model draws upon attribution theory, the locus of control in work of Julian Rotter and the literature of depression by Martin E. P. Seligman. It suggests that perceived causes, or attributions, are directly…

Bumpus, J. Frank

245

ShowMeTheSign Accessibility App  

E-print Network

systems are presented and how these systems are used to translate speech to text and then to sign language language, signing, mobile application, voice recognition, speech to text systems, and speech to sign

Painter, Kevin

246

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2013-07-01

247

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2011-07-01

248

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2012-07-01

249

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2010-07-01

250

36 CFR 1223.14 - What elements must a vital records program include?  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What elements must a vital records program include...MANAGING VITAL RECORDS § 1223.14 What elements must a vital records program include...vital records program must contain all elements listed in FCD 1, Annex I...

2014-07-01

251

Chickenpox (Varicella) Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Laboratory Testing Collecting VZV Specimens CDC National VZV Laboratory ... get the disease. Chickenpox most commonly causes an illness that lasts about 5-10 days. The classic symptom of chickenpox is ...

252

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

...Determining Disability and Blindness Medical Considerations § 404.1528 Symptoms...chemical tests, electrophysiological studies (electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram, etc.), roentgenological studies (X-rays), and psychological...

2014-04-01

253

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

...Determining Disability and Blindness Medical Considerations § 416.928 Symptoms...chemical tests, electrophysiological studies (electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram, etc.), roentgenological studies (X-rays), and psychological...

2014-04-01

254

Signed Networks in Social Media  

E-print Network

Relations between users on social media sites often reflect a mixture of positive (friendly) and negative (antagonistic) interactions. In contrast to the bulk of research on social networks that has focused almost exclusively on positive interpretations of links between people, we study how the interplay between positive and negative relationships affects the structure of on-line social networks. We connect our analyses to theories of signed networks from social psychology. We find that the classical theory of structural balance tends to capture certain common patterns of interaction, but that it is also at odds with some of the fundamental phenomena we observe --- particularly related to the evolving, directed nature of these on-line networks. We then develop an alternate theory of status that better explains the observed edge signs and provides insights into the underlying social mechanisms. Our work provides one of the first large-scale evaluations of theories of signed networks using on-line datasets, as ...

Leskovec, Jure; Kleinberg, Jon

2010-01-01

255

The aurora sign: an ultrasonographic sign suggesting parenchymal lung disease.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to clarify the cause and clinical significance of a large number of ring-down artefact (RA) observed on the dorsal side of the right hepatic lobe on abdominal ultrasound (US). 2000 abdominal US examinations were evaluated to investigate the frequency and number of RA behind the right lobe of the liver. In this study, RA observed by subcostal or intercostal US were described as the "aurora sign" when they were numerous. US findings were correlated with high resolution CT or three-dimensional CT of the right lung base. Experimental study was also performed to investigate the mechanism of the aurora sign. The results were as follows. (1). Aurora sign was noted in 43 patients. In 37 of these 43 patients (86.0%), chest CT or plain radiography revealed diffuse interstitial changes in the right lower lung field. Three-dimensional CT of the lung and the experimental model revealed that the aurora sign derived from the irregularity of air spaces immediately below the pleura associated with interstitial pulmonary disorders. (2). One or more bands of RA were observed in 907 of the 2000 patients (45.4%). Of 177 patients with fatty liver, RA was observed in 14 (7.9%), while of the 1823 patients with no fatty liver, RA was observed in 893 (49.0%). The frequency of RA was significantly different (p<0.001) between the patients with and without fatty liver. In conclusion, parenchymal lung disease should be suspected when the aurora sign is noted on the dorsal side of the right hepatic lobe. However, RAs are rare in patients with fatty liver. PMID:12857701

Kohzaki, S; Tsurusaki, K; Uetani, M; Nakanishi, K; Hayashi, K

2003-07-01

256

Development anomaly and non-vitality: Two case reports  

PubMed Central

Anatomic aberrations are seen in human dentition. The maxillary incisor region of the permanent dentition where these anatomical aberrations are commonly seen is considered an area of embryonic hazard. Aberrations affecting the internal and external morphology can at times be the cause of complex pathological conditions involving the pulpal and periodontal tissues and can pose a challenge to the clinician for the diagnosis and clinical management. Detecting and treating the anomalies at an early phase is essential as it poses a threat for the loss of vitality of the concerned teeth. The aim of this paper is to highlight the fact two different developmental anomalies of maxillary incisors, namely palatoradicular groove and Turner's hypoplasia, led to the loss of vitality of the same. PMID:23066269

Kailasam, Sivakumar; Thangavel, Boopathi; Mathew, Sebeena; Das, Arjun Kesavan Purushotaman; Jayakodi, Harikaran; Kumaravadivel, Karthick

2012-01-01

257

Vital tooth bleaching: biologic adverse effects-a review.  

PubMed

Depending on etiology, the esthetic treatment of dyschromia may involve vital tooth- bleaching techniques. Hydrogen peroxide is the active molecule used for such procedures; however, its action mechanism is not clearly understood. Moreover, a variety of contradictory studies make difficult the evaluation of the safety of bleaching techniques. The purpose of this article is therefore to review the available literature (1) to describe the physicochemical properties of hydrogen peroxide and (2) to assess the safety of its use as a vital tooth-bleaching agent. Indeed, based on hydrogen peroxide's capacity to generate free radicals that diffuse throughout the dental hard tissues, concerns have been addressed regarding the adverse effects that bleaching products can induce on the enamel and dentin structures, pulp, and bonding to a composite resin system. Moreover, during self-application of home bleaching products, hydrogen peroxide is released into the oral cavity and ingested. Some questions have therefore arisen concerning its toxicity and its possible carcinogenicity. PMID:19107251

Minoux, Maryline; Serfaty, Rene

2008-09-01

258

Astrological birth signs in suicide: hypothesis or speculation?  

PubMed

Astrology is no longer regarded as a science by many, because its claims are almost impossible to test empirically in controlled laboratory conditions and it can not meet the scientific need to be reproducible. However, the majority of those who read their 'star signs' can identify aspects of their personality in what they read and it is possible that this may influence their attitudes and actions. The literature has neglected astrological signs as a possible predictor of suicide ideation. To see whether astrological birth signs are associated with suicide and the method used, data was collected from the Public Health Department in North Cheshire representing all the Cheshire Coroner's verdicts of suicide, and open verdicts, in all deceased aged 60 and above between 1989 and 2000. The observed occurrence of deaths due to natural causes, and suicide, in relation to birth signs did not differ significantly from what would be expected from chance. However, the distribution of suicide by hanging appeared significantly higher in those with a birth sign of Virgo and lowest in Sagittarius and Scorpio. The distribution of violent and non-violent suicides in relation to star signs showed higher occurences of violent death in persons born in the summer months. PMID:12741653

Salib, Emad

2003-04-01

259

Specification of a Video Test Imagery Library (VITAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB) is part of the Home Office. Amongst its other work, PSDB evaluates intelligent CCTV and vision-based detection systems (VBDS) for security and policing purposes. The principle aims of VITAL are to produce a collection of CCTV images that can be used to evaluate the performance of VBDS and also to provide typical real-world footage for research groups to use in their development programmes.

Botten, Richard R.; Baker, Donna

2004-12-01

260

Paths of Local Learning and Change in Vital Industrial Districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Vital industrial districts are characterised by, among other complementary conditions, processes of innovation not strictly\\u000a dependent on strategies of large investment in R&D (Section 9.2). This decentralised industrial creativity is one of the building\\u000a blocks of a virtuous circle of relations promoting local development. This circle has its limits and threats (Section 9.3),\\u000a against which mechanisms and agents of possible

Marco Bellandi

261

Using Multiple Sensors for Mobile Sign Language Recognition Helene Brashear & Thad Starner  

E-print Network

Using Multiple Sensors for Mobile Sign Language Recognition Helene Brashear & Thad Starner College}@cc.gatech.edu Paul Lukowicz & Holger Junker ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Wearable Computing Laboratory-based Sign Language recognition system with the goal of making it a mobile assis- tive technology. We examine

Starner, Thad E.

262

Signs of Life on Venus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for "habitable zones" in extrasolar planetary systems is based on the premise of "normal" physical conditions in a habitable zone, i.e. pressure, temperature range, and atmospheric composition similar to those on the Earth. However, one should not exclude completely the possibility of the existence of life at relatively high temperatures, despite the fact that at the first glance it seems impossible. The planet Venus with its dense, hot (735 K), oxigenless CO2 - atmosphere and high 92 bar-pressure at the surface could be the natural laboratory for the studies of this type. Amid exoplanets, celestial bodies with the physical conditions similar to the Venusian can be met. The only existing data of actual close-in observations of Venus' surface are the results of a series of missions of the soviet VENERA landers which took place the 1970's and 80's in the atmosphere and on the surface of Venus. For 36 and 29 years since these missions, respectively, I repeatedly returned to the obtained images of the Venus' surface in order to reveal on them any unusual objects observed in the real conditions of Venus. The new analysis of the Venus' panoramas was based on the search of unusual elements in two ways. Since the efficiency of the VENERA landers maintained for a long time they produced a large number of primary television panoramas during the lander's work. Thus, one can try to detect: (a) any differences in successive images (appearance or disappearance of parts of the image or change of their shape), and understand what these changes are related to (e.g., wind), and whether they are related to hypothetical habitability of a planet. Another sign (b) of the wanted object is their morphological peculiarities which distinguishes them from the ordinary surface details. The results of VENERA-9 (1975) and VENERA -13 (1982) are of the main interest. A few relatively large objects ranging from a decimeter to half meter and with unusual morphology were observed in some images, but were absent in the other or altered their shape. What sources of energy, in principle, could be used by life in the high temperature oxigenless atmosphere? The objects found are large enough, they are not micro-organisms. It is most natural to assume that, like on Earth, Venusian fauna is heterotrophic, and the source of its life is hypothetical autotrophic flora. There is enough light for flora's photosynthesis. Since the critical temperature of water on Venus is about 320°C and the temperature at the surface is about 460°C, the metabolism of organisms on Venus (if any) should be built without water, on the basis of some other liquid medium. Based on data analyzed it has been suggested that because of the limited energy capacity of the Venusian fauna, the temporal characteristics of their physical actions can be much longer than that of the Earth.

Ksanfomality, L.

2012-04-01

263

Signing Shakespeare: Romeo Loves Juliet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A language arts teacher of junior high students with deafness or hearing impairments familiarized her students with "Romeo and Juliet" by telling the story in speech and signs, exploring the characters's personalities, reviewing vocabulary, putting the characters into contemporary situations, and directing the students in a full-scale production…

Goldfarb, Liz; Cambridge, Terry

1995-01-01

264

Traffic Sign Maintenance/ Management Handbook  

E-print Network

Traffic Sign Maintenance/ Management Handbook #12;Acknowledgements #12;Document Information Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices ­ Background Minnesota Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices MN MUTCD May 2005 #12;Minnesota Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices #12;Old Guidelines New

Minnesota, University of

265

Cutaneous signs of systemic disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commonly used dermatologic eponyms and characteristic skin signs are enormously helpful in guiding a diagnosis, even though they may not be pathonemonic. They include, on the nails, Aldrich-Mees' lines (syn.: Mees' lines), Beau's lines, Muehrcke's lines, Terry's nails, and half and half nails, often associated, respectively, with arsenic poisoning, acute stress or systemic illness, severe hypertension, liver disease and uremia,

Laju M. Patel; Phelps J. Lambert; Claude E. Gagna; Amin Maghari; W. Clark Lambert

2011-01-01

266

The HyperSign Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes ongoing activities and results of the HyperSign Immersion Project developed at the Public School for the Deaf in New York City, New York. The project's objectives were to: (1) provide a means to enable Deaf students to assume a self-directed role in education; (2) provide an on-site prototype of a technologically supportive…

Abdulezer, Susan

267

Sign Language House Program Directors  

E-print Network

of hearing people learn, and new technologies that help them in their homes as well as in public. Action to the Campus Children Center as well as some elementary schools in Downtown Burlington, and we are going to go teach the children American Sign Language. ASL can be an important communication skill for children

Hayden, Nancy J.

268

The Sociolinguistics of Sign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines how sign languages are distributed around the world; what occurs when they come in contact with spoken and written languages, and how signers use them in a variety of situations. Each chapter introduces the key issues in a particular area of inquiry and provides a comprehensive review of the literature. The seven…

Lucas, Ceil, Ed.

269

Road Signs in Ethical Quicksand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the major moral and ethical dilemmas illustrated by authors in this special journal issue are highlighted. From an ethical viewpoint, the complexity of evaluation activities is likened to "quicksand" terrain in which directional or warning signs should be erected to aid personal choices when such issues are encountered. (Author/DWH)

Jerrell, S. Lee; Jerrell, Jeanette M.

1985-01-01

270

Sign Language Interpreter Needs Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, a study was conducted by Oakland Community College (OCC) in order to evaluate the need for a proposed Sign Language Interpreter program. OCC's study focused on validating and updating findings from a similar research project begun in fall 1989 by Macomb Community College (MCC) in Warren, Michigan. Federal and state legislation, data from…

Oakland Community Coll., Farmington, MI. Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis.

271

Tactile Signing with One-Handed Perception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tactile signing among persons with deaf-blindness is not homogenous; rather, like other forms of language, it exhibits variation, especially in turn taking. Early analyses of tactile Swedish Sign Language, tactile Norwegian Sign Language, and tactile French Sign Language focused on tactile communication with four hands, in which partially blind or…

Mesch, Johanna

2013-01-01

272

What is the VITAL-EQA Program? The maintenance of high quality laboratories  

E-print Network

then be used to: · Eliminate bias or precision problems in the assay system, and · Confirm the quality in monitoring the degree of variability and bias in their assays. Information received from the program can

273

Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics.  

PubMed Central

Registration of births, recording deaths by age, sex and cause, and calculating mortality levels and differentials are fundamental to evidence-based health policy, monitoring and evaluation. Yet few of the countries with the greatest need for these data have functioning systems to produce them despite legislation providing for the establishment and maintenance of vital registration. Sample vital registration (SVR), when applied in conjunction with validated verbal autopsy procedures and implemented in a nationally representative sample of population clusters represents an affordable, cost-effective, and sustainable short- and medium-term solution to this problem. SVR complements other information sources by producing age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality data that are more complete and continuous than those currently available. The tools and methods employed in an SVR system, however, are imperfect and require rigorous validation and continuous quality assurance; sampling strategies for SVR are also still evolving. Nonetheless, interest in establishing SVR is rapidly growing in Africa and Asia. Better systems for reporting and recording data on vital events will be sustainable only if developed hand-in-hand with existing health information strategies at the national and district levels; governance structures; and agendas for social research and development monitoring. If the global community wishes to have mortality measurements 5 or 10 years hence, the foundation stones of SVR must be laid today. PMID:16184280

Setel, Philip W.; Sankoh, Osman; Rao, Chalapati; Velkoff, Victoria A.; Mathers, Colin; Gonghuan, Yang; Hemed, Yusuf; Jha, Prabhat; Lopez, Alan D.

2005-01-01

274

Signs and Practices: Coordinating Service and Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world is full of signs (symbols, signifiers). They guide us in supermarkets, on highways and in airports. They even guide\\u000a us to the right bathroom. Signs have a huge impact if they are used as logos or in advertisements. Signs also help us when\\u000a we read manuals or when we use a remote control. Signs are used everywhere. Signs

Helge Löbler

2010-01-01

275

Old Signs, New Signs, Whose Signs? Sociolinguistic Variation in the NZSL Lexicon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lexicographers, teachers and interpreters of New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) are challenged by the degree of lexical variation that exists in this young language. For instance, most numerals between one and twenty have two or more variants in common use (McKee, McKee, and Major 2008), a situation that contrasts with most established spoken…

McKee, Rachel; McKee, David

2011-01-01

276

Developing New Mexico Health Care Policy: An application of the Vital Issues Process  

SciTech Connect

The Vital Issues Process, developed by the Sandia National Laboratories Strategic Technologies Department, was utilized by the Health Care Task Force Advisory Group to apply structure to their policy deliberations. By convening three expert panels, an overarching goal for the New Mexico health care system, seven desired outcomes, nine policy options, and 17 action items were developed for the New Mexico health care system. Three broadly stated evaluation criteria were articulated and used to produce relative rankings of the desired outcomes and policy options for preventive care and information systems. Reports summarizing the policy deliberations were submitted for consideration by the Health Care Task Force, a Joint Interim Committee of the New Mexico Legislature, charged with facilitating the development and implementation of a comprehensive health care delivery system for New Mexico. The Task Force reported its findings and recommendations to the Second Session of the 41st New Mexico State Legislature in January 1994.

Engi, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Icerman, L. [Icerman & Associates, Santa Fe, NM (United States)

1995-06-01

277

Science Nation: Signing Made Easy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Studies show as many as 75 percent of hearing parents of deaf children never become fluent signers. Alarmed by these statistics and with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, computer scientist and Georgia Tech professor Thad Starner began to develop interactive tools, such as video games and cell phone apps, to make sign language easier to learn for both the deaf and the hearing communities.

278

Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train  

SciTech Connect

The design of the Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train for E-815 (NuTeV) is set forth. The relevant physics requirements are explained. The optics of the beam are presented, along with an explanation of the proton dumping scheme. A discussion of rates and backgrounds follows, with special care given to backgrounds from scraping and obstructions. The relevant tolerances for beam construction are given and justified by simulations of the beamline. This leads to a discussion of the beam monitoring.

Bernstein, R.; NuTeV Collaboration

1994-05-03

279

Living with the Wrong Sign  

E-print Network

We describe a UV complete asymptotically fragile Lorentz-invariant theory exhibiting superluminal signal propagation. Its low energy effective action contains "wrong" sign higher dimensional operators. Nevertheless, the theory gives rise to an S-matrix, which is defined at all energies. As expected for a non-local theory, the corresponding scattering amplitudes are not exponentially bounded on the physical sheet, but otherwise are healthy. We study some of the physical consequences of this S-matrix.

Patrick Cooper; Sergei Dubovsky; Ali Mohsen

2013-12-06

280

Water is Vital--Especially after a Disaster (Spanish)  

E-print Network

ER-030S 10-07 El agua es vital ? especialmente despu?s de un desastre La deshidrataci?n tiene lugar cuando el cuerpo pierde demasiada agua. Cuando usted deja de tomar agua, sus c?lulas y tejidos pierden fluidos esenciales, sus m?sculos comienzan... a cansarse y puede sufrir calambres en las piernas o sentirse d?bil. La deshidrataci?n extrema puede colapsar los vasos sangu?neos. Una persona normalmente activa necesita beber al menos 2 cuartos de gal?n de agua por d?a. En un ambiente caluroso...

Crocker, Andrew

2007-10-08

281

A juvenile-adult model with periodic vital rates.  

PubMed

A global branch of positive cycles is shown to exist for a general discrete time, juvenile-adult model with periodically varying coefficients. The branch bifurcates from the extinction state at a critical value of the mean, inherent fertility rate. In comparison to the autonomous system with the same mean fertility rate, the critical bifurcation value can either increase or decrease with the introduction of periodicities. Thus, periodic oscillations in vital parameter can be either advantageous or deleterious. A determining factor is the phase relationship among the oscillations in the inherent fertility and survival rates. PMID:16636871

Cushing, J M

2006-10-01

282

Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography  

PubMed Central

Using fingerprints as a method to identify an individual has been accepted in forensics since the nineteenth century, and the fingerprint has become one of the most widely used biometric characteristics. Most of the modern fingerprint recognition systems are based on the print pattern of the finger surface and are not robust against spoof attaching. We demonstrate a novel vital vascular fingerprint system using Doppler optical coherence tomography that provides highly sensitive and reliable personal identification. Because the system is based on blood flow, which only exists in a livng person, the technique is robust against spoof attaching. PMID:23913068

Liu, Gangjun; Chen, Zhongping

2014-01-01

283

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2010-10-01

284

46 CFR 128.220 - Class II non-vital systems-materials and pressure design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...non-vital systems-materials and pressure design. 128.220 Section 128...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Materials and Pressure Design § 128.220 Class II non-vital systems—materials and pressure design. (a) Except as...

2011-10-01

285

Curiosity Rover Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)  

E-print Network

Curiosity Rover Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12.nasa.gov/msl, http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl Mars Science Laboratory/Curiosity Seeking Signs of Life NASA's Mars Planet. Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is the next mission intended to unlock the history of Mars

286

Vital phase of space science. [solar terrestrial interactions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space science began with the indirect phase where the activity in space was inferred from such terrestrial phenomena as geomagnetic storms, ionospheric variations, and fluctuations in the cosmic ray intensity. The direct phase was initiated with spaceflight placing instruments directly in space and permitting the direct observation of UV and X rays, as well as precision observations of solar luminosity variations. The evidence from these many direct studies, together with the historical record of terrestrial conditions, shows that the variations of the luminosity of the Sun affect the terrestrial atmosphere at all levels, with devastating changes in climate tracking the major changes in the activity level and luminosity of the Sun. The quantification and understanding of this vital connection should be the first priority of space science and geophysics, from oceans and atmosphere through the ionosphere, magnetosphere, and all the way to the convective zone of the Sun. It becomes the vital phase of space science, focused on the basic science of the changing habitability of Earth.

Parker, E. N.

1994-01-01

287

Active Aging Promotion: Results from the Vital Aging Program  

PubMed Central

Active aging is one of the terms in the semantic network of aging well, together with others such as successful, productive, competent aging. All allude to the new paradigm in gerontology, whereby aging is considered from a positive perspective. Most authors in the field agree active aging is a multidimensional concept, embracing health, physical and cognitive fitness, positive affect and control, social relationships and engagement. This paper describes Vital Aging, an individual active aging promotion program implemented through three modalities: Life, Multimedia, and e-Learning. The program was developed on the basis of extensive evidence about individual determinants of active aging. The different versions of Vital Aging are described, and four evaluation studies (both formative and summative) are reported. Formative evaluation reflected participants' satisfaction and expected changes; summative evaluations yielded some quite encouraging results using quasi-experimental designs: those who took part in the programs increased their physical exercise, significantly improved their diet, reported better memory, had better emotional balance, and enjoyed more cultural, intellectual, affective, and social activities than they did before the course, thus increasing their social relationships. These results are discussed in the context of the common literature within the field and, also, taking into account the limitations of the evaluations accomplished. PMID:23476644

Caprara, Mariagiovanna; Molina, Maria Angeles; Schettini, Rocio; Santacreu, Marta; Orosa, Teresa; Mendoza-Nunez, Victor Manuel; Rojas, Macarena; Fernandez-Ballesteros, Rocio

2013-01-01

288

Underestimates of unintentional firearm fatalities: comparing Supplementary Homicide Report data with the National Vital Statistics System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A growing body of evidence suggests that the nation’s vital statistics system undercounts unintentional firearm deaths that are not self inflicted. This issue was examined by comparing how unintentional firearm injuries identified in police Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) data were coded in the National Vital Statistics System.Methods: National Vital Statistics System data are based on death certificates and divide

C Barber; D Hemenway; J Hochstadt; D Azrael

2002-01-01

289

On Energy, Personality, and Health: Subjective Vitality as a Dynamic Reflection of Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iti this article, we examine subjective vitality, a positive feeling of aliveness and energy, in six studies. Subjective vitality is hypothesized to reflect organismic well-being and thus should covary with both psychological and somatic factors that impact the energy available to the self. Associations are shown between subjective vitality and several indexes of psychological well-being; somatic factors such as physical

Richard M. Ryan; Christina Frederick

1997-01-01

290

Empirical Evaluation of a Mathematical Model of Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Case of Voro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents the results of an empirical evaluation of a mathematical model of ethnolinguistic vitality. The model adds several new factors to the set used in previous models of ethnolinguistic vitality and operationalises it in a manner that would make it easier to compare the vitality of different groups. According to the model, the…

Ehala, Martin; Niglas, Katrin

2007-01-01

291

Global Warming: Early Warning Signs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This science-based world map depicts the local and regional consequences of global climate change. It identifies direct manifestations of a warming trend (fingerprints), and events that are consistent with the projections for global climate change and are likely to become more frequent and widespread with continued warming (harbingers). These signs are linked to a full description of conditions in that part of the world which indicate warming. A curriculum guide engages students in an exploration of the impacts of global climate change.

292

Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms and Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... Cancer: Symptoms and Signs Request Permissions Download PDF Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms and Signs This section has been ... and Neck Cancer - Diagnosis › f t g e + Head and Neck Cancer Guide Cancer.Net Guide Head and Neck ...

293

The Paget-Gorman Sign System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Paget-Gorman Sign System, a signed English approach shown to be effective with deaf or hard of hearing children, has been helpful in developing phrase structure in hearing impaired mentally retarded students. (CL)

Rowe, Jacqueline

1981-01-01

294

12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 328.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY ADVERTISEMENT OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7? by 3?...

2012-01-01

295

12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.  

...Section 328.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY ADVERTISEMENT OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7? by 3?...

2014-01-01

296

12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 328.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY ADVERTISEMENT OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7? by 3?...

2010-01-01

297

30 CFR 56.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major electrical...

2013-07-01

298

30 CFR 57.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major...

2013-07-01

299

Derivative Sign Patterns in Two Dimensions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given a function defined on a subset of the plane whose partial derivatives never change sign, the signs of the partial derivatives form a two-dimensional pattern. We explore what patterns are possible for various planar domains.

Schilling, Kenneth

2013-01-01

300

Researchers Identify Early Sign of Pancreatic Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... of pancreatic cancer Researchers identify early sign of pancreatic cancer September 28, 2014 Tags: PancreaticCancer Brian Wolpin, MD ... discovered a sign of the early development of pancreatic cancer – an upsurge in certain amino acids that occurs ...

301

30 CFR 57.4101 - Warning signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Fire Prevention and Control Prohibitions/precautions/housekeeping § 57.4101 Warning signs. Readily visible signs prohibiting smoking and open flames shall be posted where a fire or explosion hazard...

2013-07-01

302

Sign Language From the Space Station  

NASA Video Gallery

Astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson sent a special sign language message to Earth. Interpretation done by non-certified users of American Sign Language (ASL) who are fluent in conversational ASL; syntax...

303

Sign Programs with Nonverbal Hearing Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included is a framework for determining if a young severely language delayed child is an appropriate candidate for sign programs; a discussion of specific sign objectives; and guidelines for classroom implementation and family intervention. (Author)

Kriegsmann, Elinor; And Others

1982-01-01

304

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Share Compartir Signs and Symptoms What are the signs, symptoms and potential health consequences of HPV? Most people with HPV do not develop symptoms ...

305

LPT. Low power test control building (TAN641) east facade. Sign ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LPT. Low power test control building (TAN-641) east facade. Sign says "Energy and Systems Technology Laboratory, INEL" (Post-ANP-use). Camera facing west. INEEL negative no. HD-40-3-2 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

306

Residual noise reduction in sign algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The residual noise of the sign algorithm can be reduced by adding a uniformly distributed noise (dithering) to the sign algorithm input signal. In this paper, a simple equation for the residual noise reduction factor (RNRF) is derived for the case in which the noise in the sign algorithm input signal has a two-level discrete amplitude distribution. It is demonstrated

Saso Tomazic

2000-01-01

307

Library Sign Systems. Workshop Program Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These program materials from the Library Sign Systems Workshop include a news story on the workshop; notes in outline form for a speech presented by Joe Sonderman, president of a graphic designs firm; and an annotated bibliography on signs and sign systems. The news release summarizes a presentation by Dorothy Pollet and Peter Haskell, editors of…

Ridgeway, Patricia M.

308

47 CFR 2.302 - Call signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...survival craft Call sign of the parent ship followed by 2 digits KAAA20...marker buoy Call sign of the parent ship followed by the letters...is assigned, call sign of the parent aircraft followed by a single digit other than 0 or 1...

2013-10-01

309

47 CFR 2.302 - Call signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...survival craft Call sign of the parent ship followed by 2 digits KAAA20...marker buoy Call sign of the parent ship followed by the letters...is assigned, call sign of the parent aircraft followed by a single digit other than 0 or 1...

2010-10-01

310

47 CFR 2.302 - Call signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...survival craft Call sign of the parent ship followed by 2 digits KAAA20...marker buoy Call sign of the parent ship followed by the letters...is assigned, call sign of the parent aircraft followed by a single digit other than 0 or 1...

2012-10-01

311

47 CFR 2.302 - Call signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...survival craft Call sign of the parent ship followed by 2 digits KAAA20...marker buoy Call sign of the parent ship followed by the letters...is assigned, call sign of the parent aircraft followed by a single digit other than 0 or 1...

2011-10-01

312

Coronectomy of a lower third molar in combination with vital pulp therapy  

PubMed Central

Coronectomy is a procedure that intentionally spares the vital root after removal of the crown of the lower third molar to avoid damage to the inferior alveolar nerve. Vital pulp therapy is one option for managing exposed pulp tissue to reduce the risk of pulpal inflammation or necrosis. Among various dental materials, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been successfully used for vital pulp therapy. Thus, this case report discusses a coronectomy procedure in combination with vital pulp therapy using MTA. This case also attempts to highlight the formation of tertiary dentin, evidence of successful vital pulp therapy. PMID:25202226

Kim, Young-Bin; Joo, Woo-Hee; Min, Kyung-San

2014-01-01

313

Morphofunctional analysis of human platelets by vital staining.  

PubMed

We developed a method for differential staining of human platelets preserving their functional activity based on vital fl uorochrome stains trypafl avin and acridine orange. Platelets stained with trypafl avin and acridine orange exhibited under a fl uorescent microscope green fl uorescence of the cytoplasm and red-orange fl uorescence of the granules. Morphofunctional analysis of platelets was carried out on the cells from donor blood, donor concentrated platelets, and cells from hematological patients and patients with thromboembolic complications. Populations with low (16 %) and high (2 %) morphofunctional activities of platelets were detected among donors. The morphofunctional parameters of platelets were sharply reduced in hematological patients with the hemorrhagic syndrome and elevated signifi cantly in patients with thromboembolic complications in comparison with donors. The method seemed to be effective for evaluating the platelet quality in donor and patients' blood components. PMID:24771387

Makarov, M S; Kobzeva, E N; Vysochin, I V; Borovkova, N V; Khvatov, V T

2014-01-01

314

Vital Statistics of the United States, 1997, Volume I, Natality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000 the National Center for Health Statistics released the second installment of Vital Statistics of the United States, 1997, Volume I, Natality, adding twelve tables of data on births and fertility in the US to the twelve released in April. (There are 39 tables total with the remaining 15 to be released later this year.) The tables break down data on births, birth rates, and fertility rates by race, age, state and region, residency status, martial status, place of delivery, prenatal care, and other indicators. Many of the tables include data from previous years for the sake of comparison, reaching back in some cases to 1909. The Technical Appendix offers detailed descriptions of the data included, and all tables are posted individually in .pdf format.

2000-01-01

315

Nightguard vital bleaching: dark stains and long-term results.  

PubMed

Since its introduction to dentistry in 1989, nightguard vital bleaching has proven to be a simple and safe procedure for lightening discolored teeth. Efficacy of the technique is 98% for non-tetracycline-stained teeth, and with extended treatment time, tetracycline-stained teeth can be expected to lighten in 86% of cases. Satisfactory retention of the shade change without additional treatment can be expected in 63% of patients 3 years post-treatment and in at least 42% of patients at 7 years. Side effects are usually mild and transient, disappearing within days of treatment completion. Patients report that they are glad they went through the procedure and 98% recommend the procedure to a friend. PMID:11908344

Leonard, R H

2000-01-01

316

Maturogenesis of non-vital immature permanent teeth  

PubMed Central

Pulpal necrosis in young permanent teeth often results in teeth with open apex, thin root walls and poor crown root ratio. Out of the available treatment options maturogenesis has been the most conservative option that exploits full potential of pulp for dentin deposition. Maturogenesis involves disinfecting the root canal system followed by stimulation of blood clot from the periapical tissue, which provides a matrix into which the cell could grow and sealing the coronal excess. In the present case report, tri antibacterial paste (3 Mix) was used as an intracanal medicament that proved successful in stimulating vital pulp cells of the periapical region for maturogenesis. Five months radiograph follow-up showed thickening of lateral dentinal walls, which progress until 15 months resulting in apical closure, thickening of lateral dentinal walls and increase root length. PMID:24015025

Kalaskar, Ritesh R.; Kalaskar, Ashita R.

2013-01-01

317

Nodular fasciitis of the hand: excision preserving 'vital' structures.  

PubMed

Nodular fasciitis is an extremely rare benign fibrous tumour of the hand. Although benign, the tumour is frequently adherent to tendons/nerves and joints of the hand. However, the tumour may spontaneously regress and does not tend to recur following excision with histologically positive margins. For the last 20 years, the author has adopted a specific management approach for these and other benign fibrous tumours of the hand. Following the clinical/radiological diagnosis, tumour excision is done preserving 'vital' structures within the hand. The diagnosis is confirmed histologically and by immune stains, and the patient is then followed up for local recurrence. Over a 20-year period, the author has treated four cases of nodular fasciitis of the hand using this management approach. Despite the positive margins in all cases, there were no recurrences at a minimum follow-up interval of 3 years. PMID:24080437

Al-Qattan, M M; Arafah, M M

2014-10-01

318

Estimation of fertility-inhibiting indices using vital registration data.  

PubMed

The Bongaarts model quantifies intermediate variables that have a direct impact on fertility and it is related to the classical analytic framework of intermediate fertility variables (IFVs) introduced by Davis and Blake. The model requires data on age-specific proportions of women currently married, age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs), estimates of postpartum infecundability, and proportion of women currently using effective contraceptive methods. Horne, El-Khorazaty, and Suchindran (1990) developed a childbearing model estimating projected ages at 1st and last birth (AFB, ALB) and the reproductive life span (RLS), making use of only ASFRs available from either vital statistics or sample surveys. The correspondence between Bongaarts-type indices of marriage, contraception, and infecundability and the childbearing indices is discussed. Data on both fertility-inhibiting and childbearing indices were available for 225 subpopulations. Application 1: Characterization of the fertility-inhibiting indices by the childbearing indices. Contraceptive practice is the major fertility-inhibiting factor among women who stop childbearing before age 35 years, but for those women who stop reproducing in their late thirties, long duration of breastfeeding is. Application 2: Decomposition of fertility decline by the childbearing indices. For societies with a low TFR of only 2 births, contraceptive use plays the major role in achieving this low fertility level, regardless of age at 1st birth, and age at last birth not exceeding 35 years. Application 3: Annual fertility-inhibiting indices using ASFRs. In Kuwait the TFR declined from 4.7 births in the early 1960s to well below 2 births in the late 1970s and 1980s owing to direct government support to family planning programs. The correspondence model, using only macro-level vital statistics data, can predict indirectly fertility-inhibiting indices on an annual basis for countries lacking the micro-level data necessary for estimating those indices directly. PMID:12317871

El-khorazaty, M N

1992-01-01

319

NASA's Propulsion Research Laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The grand opening of NASA's new, world-class laboratory for research into future space transportation technologies located at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, took place in July 2004. The state-of-the-art Propulsion Research Laboratory (PRL) serves as a leading national resource for advanced space propulsion research. Its purpose is to conduct research that will lead to the creation and development of innovative propulsion technologies for space exploration. The facility is the epicenter of the effort to move the U.S. space program beyond the confines of conventional chemical propulsion into an era of greatly improved access to space and rapid transit throughout the solar system. The laboratory is designed to accommodate researchers from across the United States, including scientists and engineers from NASA, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, universities, and industry. The facility, with 66,000 square feet of useable laboratory space, features a high degree of experimental capability. Its flexibility allows it to address a broad range of propulsion technologies and concepts, such as plasma, electromagnetic, thermodynamic, and propellant propulsion. An important area of emphasis is the development and utilization of advanced energy sources, including highly energetic chemical reactions, solar energy, and processes based on fission, fusion, and antimatter. The Propulsion Research Laboratory is vital for developing the advanced propulsion technologies needed to open up the space frontier, and sets the stage of research that could revolutionize space transportation for a broad range of applications.

2004-01-01

320

Sign recall by hearing signers: Evidences of dual coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deaf participants' sign recall is affected by sign similarity, sign length, irrelevant signing and manual articulatory suppression, suggesting the existence of a phonological loop for signs. In two experiments we explore whether hearing signers (who have learned Spanish Sign Language as second language) use a phonological loop for signs, whether they use their phonological loop for words or whether they

Javier García-Orza; Patricia Carratalá

2012-01-01

321

Bush Signs CAFTA into law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This past Tuesday, President Bush signed into law the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), but only after a rather protracted period of difficult and contentious debate in Congress. After signing the bill, Bush remarked that the agreement would defend against âÂÂforces that oppose democracy, seek to limit economic freedom and want to drive a wedge between the United States and the rest of the Americas." Essentially, CAFTA eliminates a number of tariffs and opens up the region to goods and services originating in the United States. A number of critics emerged during the process of approving CAFTA, including those in organized labor and other industries, many of whom claimed that the agreement would result in fewer jobs in the sugar and textile industries. As CAFTA only squeaked by in the House during the approval process, a number of commentators have suggested that this does not bode well for other free trade agreements with Thailand and Bahrain that have been under development as of late.The first link leads to a Los Angeles Times piece that provides coverage of the recent passage of CAFTA into law. The second link leads to an online article from this WednesdayâÂÂs San Francisco Chronicle about CAFTA, along with some informed commentary from Jon Haverman, a research fellow with the Public Policy Institute of California. The third link will lead visitors to a helpful news article from the Detroit News which discusses the potential effects that the passage of CAFTA may have on various labor groups. The fourth link leads to a Financial Times article (requiring a free trial subscription) that looks at the broader transformation of organized labor, with specific reference to CAFTA. The fifth link leads to a very helpful page maintained by the International Trade Administration within the US Department of Commerce where users can read official factsheets and press releases about CAFTA. The sixth and final link leads to a statement issued by AFL-CIO President John Sweeney on the passage of CAFTA by the House of Representatives.

322

An innovative nonintrusive driver assistance system for vital signal monitoring.  

PubMed

This paper describes an in-vehicle nonintrusive biopotential measurement system for driver health monitoring and fatigue detection. Previous research has found that the physiological signals including eye features, electrocardiography (ECG), electroencephalography (EEG) and their secondary parameters such as heart rate and HR variability are good indicators of health state as well as driver fatigue. A conventional biopotential measurement system requires the electrodes to be in contact with human body. This not only interferes with the driver operation, but also is not feasible for long-term monitoring purpose. The driver assistance system in this paper can remotely detect the biopotential signals with no physical contact with human skin. With delicate sensor and electronic design, ECG, EEG, and eye blinking can be measured. Experiments were conducted on a high fidelity driving simulator to validate the system performance. The system was found to be able to detect the ECG/EEG signals through cloth or hair with no contact with skin. Eye blinking activities can also be detected at a distance of 10 cm. Digital signal processing algorithms were developed to decimate the signal noise and extract the physiological features. The extracted features from the vital signals were further analyzed to assess the potential criterion for alertness and drowsiness determination. PMID:25375690

Sun, Ye; Yu, Xiong Bill

2014-11-01

323

A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that the interplay of water, carbon and vegetation dynamics is fundamental to some global trends in the current and conceivable future Anthropocene. Supported by simulations with a process-based biosphere model and a literature review, it demonstrates that the connectivity of freshwater and vegetation dynamics is vital for water security, food security and (terrestrial) ecosystem integrity alike. The water limitation of net primary production of both natural and agricultural plants - already pronounced in many regions - is shown to increase in many places under projected climate change, though this development is partially offset by water-saving direct CO2 effects. Natural vegetation can to some degree adapt dynamically to higher water limitation, but agricultural crops require some form of active management to overcome it - among them irrigation, soil conservation and expansion into still uncultivated areas. While crucial to secure food production for a growing world population, such human interventions in water-vegetation systems have, as also shown, repercussions to the water cycle. Indeed, land use changes have been shown to be the second-most important influence on the terrestrial water balance in recent times. Furthermore, climate change regionally increases irrigation demand and decreases freshwater availability, impeding on rainfed and irrigated food production (if not CO2 effects counterbalance this impact - which is unlikely at least in poorly managed systems). Drawing from these exemplary investigations, some research perspectives on how to further improve our quantitative knowledge of human-water-vegetation interactions in the Anthropocene are outlined.

Gerten, D.

2013-04-01

324

Use of vital wheat gluten in aquaculture feeds  

PubMed Central

Summary In aquaculture, when alternative protein sources of Fish Meal (FM) in diets are investigated, Plant Proteins (PP) can be used. Among them, Vital Wheat Gluten (VWG) is a proteinaceous material obtained from wheat after starch extraction. “It is mainly composed of two types of proteins, gliadins and glutenins, which confer specific visco-elasticity that’s to say ability to form a network providing suitable binding. This will lead to specific technological properties that are notably relevant to extruded feeds”. Besides these properties, VWG is a high-protein ingredient with an interesting amino-acid profile. Whereas it is rather low in lysine, it contains more sulfur amino acids than other PP sources and it is high in glutamine, which is known to improve gut health and modulate immunity. VWG is a protein source with one of the highest nitrogen digestibility due to a lack of protease inhibitor activity and to the lenient process used to make the product. By this way, addition of VWG in diet does not adversely affect growth performance in many fish species, even at a high level, and may secure high PP level diets that can induce health damages. PMID:24237766

2013-01-01

325

Plant roots and spectroscopic methods - analyzing species, biomass and vitality  

PubMed Central

In order to understand plant functioning, plant community composition, and terrestrial biogeochemistry, it is decisive to study standing root biomass, (fine) root dynamics, and interactions belowground. While most plant taxa can be identified by visual criteria aboveground, roots show less distinctive features. Furthermore, root systems of neighboring plants are rarely spatially segregated; thus, most soil horizons and samples hold roots of more than one species necessitating root sorting according to taxa. In the last decades, various approaches, ranging from anatomical and morphological analyses to differences in chemical composition and DNA sequencing were applied to discern species’ identity and biomass belowground. Among those methods, a variety of spectroscopic methods was used to detect differences in the chemical composition of roots. In this review, spectroscopic methods used to study root systems of herbaceous and woody species in excised samples or in situ will be discussed. In detail, techniques will be reviewed according to their usability to discern root taxa, to determine root vitality, and to quantify root biomass non-destructively or in soil cores holding mixtures of plant roots. In addition, spectroscopic methods which may be able to play an increasing role in future studies on root biomass and related traits are highlighted. PMID:24130565

Rewald, Boris; Meinen, Catharina

2013-01-01

326

Plant roots and spectroscopic methods - analyzing species, biomass and vitality.  

PubMed

In order to understand plant functioning, plant community composition, and terrestrial biogeochemistry, it is decisive to study standing root biomass, (fine) root dynamics, and interactions belowground. While most plant taxa can be identified by visual criteria aboveground, roots show less distinctive features. Furthermore, root systems of neighboring plants are rarely spatially segregated; thus, most soil horizons and samples hold roots of more than one species necessitating root sorting according to taxa. In the last decades, various approaches, ranging from anatomical and morphological analyses to differences in chemical composition and DNA sequencing were applied to discern species' identity and biomass belowground. Among those methods, a variety of spectroscopic methods was used to detect differences in the chemical composition of roots. In this review, spectroscopic methods used to study root systems of herbaceous and woody species in excised samples or in situ will be discussed. In detail, techniques will be reviewed according to their usability to discern root taxa, to determine root vitality, and to quantify root biomass non-destructively or in soil cores holding mixtures of plant roots. In addition, spectroscopic methods which may be able to play an increasing role in future studies on root biomass and related traits are highlighted. PMID:24130565

Rewald, Boris; Meinen, Catharina

2013-01-01

327

Meibomian orifices and Marx's line. Studied by triple vital staining.  

PubMed

The ciliary margins of the lower lids have been vital stained by the lipid-specific Sudan III powder, fluorescein 0.1% and the bottom of the lacrimal river (Marx's line) by lissamine green 1% in 100 cases. The Meibomian orifices are situated in a straight row just in front of the Marx's line in the lipid phase. With increasing age (greater than 50 years) the orifices are more often displaced and also discharge their lipid in the depth of the aqueous phase. The number averaged 21.5 in the lipid phase and 1.7 in the aqueous phase. Active orifices staining with lipid were found in 45% of all orifices in normals, independent of age, and were increased in conjunctivitis in the lipid phase. Lissamine green-stained orifices were independent of age, phase and diagnosis. The anterior edge of Marx's line may run an irregular course in elderly normals (greater than 50 years), significantly more often in conjunctivitis and blepharitis. PMID:2420147

Norn, M

1985-12-01

328

Infantile acne as the initial sign of an adrenocortical tumor.  

PubMed

A 23-month-old boy with persistent acne since 6 months of age had signs of virilization and accelerated growth. Hormone evaluation indicated increased levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and testosterone. Ultrasound and abdominal computed tomographic scan revealed a large adrenal mass consistent with an adrenocortical tumor. The patient underwent surgical excision of the well-encapsulated tumor with normalization of his hormones and no subsequent recurrence. Although rare, childhood adrenocortical tumors have a poor prognosis, with the majority of tumors having regional and metastatic disease. Because early diagnosis and complete surgical excision improve prognosis, children with refractory infantile acne should be evaluated for signs of virilization and accelerated growth. Laboratory evaluation should include luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, total and free testosterone cortisol, DHEA, and its sulfate (DHEA-S). Elevated levels of DHEA and DHEA-S should prompt an aggressive diagnostic evaluation for an adrenocortical tumor. PMID:17097383

Mann, Margaret Wing-Yan; Ellis, Susan Schroeder; Mallory, Susan Bayliss

2007-02-01

329

Signed directed acyclic graphs for causal inference  

PubMed Central

Summary Formal rules governing signed edges on causal directed acyclic graphs are described in this paper and it is shown how these rules can be useful in reasoning about causality. Specifically, the notions of a monotonic effect, a weak monotonic effect and a signed edge are introduced. Results are developed relating these monotonic effects and signed edges to the sign of the causal effect of an intervention in the presence of intermediate variables. The incorporation of signed edges into the directed acyclic graph causal framework furthermore allows for the development of rules governing the relationship between monotonic effects and the sign of the covariance between two variables. It is shown that when certain assumptions about monotonic effects can be made then these results can be used to draw conclusions about the presence of causal effects even when data is missing on confounding variables.

VanderWeele, Tyler J.; Robins, James M.

2014-01-01

330

A Signing Avatar on the WWW  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work presented is part of the European project ViSiCAST. In a semi-automatic way, written material is transposed to sequences of signs. The signs are then displayed using computer animation of an avatar. As an application of this technology an avatar signing the weather forecast has been developed. Through a browser plug-in, this application can work on the world- wide-web.

Margriet Verlinden; Corrie Tijsseling; Han Frowein

2001-01-01

331

New initiatives a condition of weapons lab's vitality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directors of the nation's three nuclear weapons research laboratories say shrinking budgets and loss of staff may seriously affect defense capabilities in the coming years. To safeguard this capacity, the steady recent erosion of funding for defense-related activities must be halted, and the federal government must commit to building large new research instruments that are needed to evaluate weapons performance

1994-01-01

332

Mediating effect of Facebook addiction on the relationship between subjective vitality and subjective happiness.  

PubMed

This study examined the mediating effects of Facebook addiction on the relationship between subjective vitality and subjective happiness. 297 university students (157 women, 140 men; M age = 20.1 yr., SD = 1.3) were administered the Facebook Addiction Scale, the Subjective Vitality Scale, and the Subjective Happiness Scale. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that Facebook addiction partially mediated the relationship between subjective vitality and subjective happiness. PMID:24693824

Uysal, Recep; Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Akin, Ahmet

2013-12-01

333

Interpretation of hand signs in Buddhist art.  

PubMed

Hand signs (called mudras in Sanskrit) play an important role in Buddhist art. They represent specific events from the life of Sidharta Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. These events symbolize moral principles important to the discipline. There are six important hand signs: (1) dhyana mudra, (2) varada mudra, (3) abhaya mudra, (4) vitarka mudra, (5) dharmachakra mudra, and (6) bhumispara mudra. The use of these hand signs was popularized by Buddhist universities in India around the 4th or 5th century ad. This paper will examine the symbolism behind the six main hand signs and reveal their message, which will be valuable for modern society. PMID:17606078

Ghori, Ahmer K; Chung, Kevin C

2007-01-01

334

The CT halo sign in invasive aspergillosis  

PubMed Central

Key Clinical Message In immunocompromised patients, the pulmonary computed tomography halo sign is highly suggestive of angioinvasive aspergillosis. Early recognition may be life-saving. PMID:25356263

Shroff, Sheetal; Shroff, Girish S; Yust-Katz, Shlomit; Olar, Adriana; Tummala, Sudhakar; Tremont-Lukats, Ivo W

2014-01-01

335

Warning signs for suicide in Internet forums.  

PubMed

The presence of 10 warning signs for suicide proposed by the American Association of Suicidology was compared in 215 postings on a suicide forum and 94 postings on a self-injury forum. The suicide forum postings received a higher score on the 10 signs than the self-injury forum postings, and significant differences were found for 6 of the 10 signs: suicidal ideation, purposelessness, trapped, hopelessness, withdrawal, and, in the reverse direction, recklessness. Overall, the findings support the usefulness of the warning signs in identifying suicidal individuals. PMID:23045860

McSwain, Stephanie; Lester, David; Gunn, John F

2012-08-01

336

Signing at the beginning makes ethics salient and decreases dishonest self-reports in comparison to signing at the end  

PubMed Central

Many written forms required by businesses and governments rely on honest reporting. Proof of honest intent is typically provided through signature at the end of, e.g., tax returns or insurance policy forms. Still, people sometimes cheat to advance their financial self-interests—at great costs to society. We test an easy-to-implement method to discourage dishonesty: signing at the beginning rather than at the end of a self-report, thereby reversing the order of the current practice. Using laboratory and field experiments, we find that signing before—rather than after—the opportunity to cheat makes ethics salient when they are needed most and significantly reduces dishonesty. PMID:22927408

Shu, Lisa L.; Mazar, Nina; Gino, Francesca; Ariely, Dan; Bazerman, Max H.

2012-01-01

337

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease? The signs and symptoms of coronary heart ... will have signs and symptoms of the disease. Heart Disease Signs and Symptoms The illustration shows the ...

338

A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that the interplay of water, carbon and vegetation dynamics fundamentally links some global trends in the current and conceivable future Anthropocene, such as cropland expansion, freshwater use, and climate change and its impacts. Based on a review of recent literature including geographically explicit simulation studies with the process-based LPJmL global biosphere model, it demonstrates that the connectivity of water and vegetation dynamics is vital for water security, food security and (terrestrial) ecosystem dynamics alike. The water limitation of net primary production of both natural and agricultural plants - already pronounced in many regions - is shown to increase in many places under projected climate change, though this development is partially offset by water-saving direct CO2 effects. Natural vegetation can to some degree adapt dynamically to higher water limitation, but agricultural crops usually require some form of active management to overcome it - among them irrigation, soil conservation and eventually shifts of cropland to areas that are less water-limited due to more favourable climatic conditions. While crucial to secure food production for a growing world population, such human interventions in water-vegetation systems have, as also shown, repercussions on the water cycle. Indeed, land use changes are shown to be the second-most important influence on the terrestrial water balance in recent times. Furthermore, climate change (warming and precipitation changes) will in many regions increase irrigation demand and decrease water availability, impeding rainfed and irrigated food production (if not CO2 effects counterbalance this impact - which is unlikely at least in poorly managed systems). Drawing from these exemplary investigations, some research perspectives on how to further improve our knowledge of human-water-vegetation interactions in the Anthropocene are outlined.

Gerten, D.

2013-10-01

339

Research and Teaching Laboratories Signage System Manual  

E-print Network

SERVICE - CHEMICAL SPILL - 24 hour CALL IMMEDIATELY FOR ANY EMERGENCY, INCLUDING CHEMICAL SPILL, FIRE. These laboratory signs do not list every hazard associated within a lab and they do not replace basic laboratory exists in the area. The specific hazards are indicated by symbols and/or hazard warnings affixed

Berdichevsky, Victor

340

Infant Sign Training and Functional Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We taught manual signs to typically developing infants using a reversal design and caregiver-nominated stimuli. We delivered the stimuli on a time-based schedule during baseline. During the intervention, we used progressive prompting and reinforcement, described by Thompson et al. (2004, 2007), to establish mands. Following sign training, we…

Normand, Matthew P.; Machado, Mychal A.; Hustyi, Kristin M.; Morley, Allison J.

2011-01-01

341

PROFICIENCY TESTING IN FOREIGN & AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGES  

E-print Network

PROFICIENCY TESTING IN FOREIGN & AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGES For More Information JLCAV Revised 1 characters) Hebrew Lithuanian Swahili Exam Fee: To take the exam at NYU, an exam fee will be charged the QC Foreign Language Requirement with American Sign Language (ASL) Students who intend to fulfill

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

342

Japanese Signs as a Learning Resource?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The abundance of signs and similar print in the urban environment of Japan can provide authentic materials to support the learning of written Japanese. While there have been some past attempts to use pictures of signs for the teaching of Japanese reading, digital photography now makes it easy to develop electronic resources for a more systematic approach to exploiting these

Paul Black; Masumi Nakahara

343

Sign Language Subtitling by Highly Comprehensible "Semantroids"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We introduce a new method of sign language subtitling aimed at young deaf children who have not acquired reading skills yet, and can communicate only via signs. The method is based on: 1) the recently developed concept of "semantroid[TM]" (an animated 3D avatar limited to head and hands); 2) the design, development, and psychophysical evaluation…

Adamo-Villani, Nicolleta; Beni, Gerardo

2007-01-01

344

Sign Language Varieties in Costa Rica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a preliminary examination of several sign language varieties in use in Costa Rica and attempts to explain the relationship among these varieties. Based on comparative lexical data, it is postulated that at least four distinct sign languages exist in Costa Rica. Implications for future research are also discussed. (eight references) (JL)

Woodward, James

1991-01-01

345

Audience Effects in American Sign Language Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a system of English mouthing during interpretation that appears to be the result of language contact between spoken language and signed language. English mouthing is a voiceless visual representation of words on a signer's lips produced concurrently with manual signs. It is a type of borrowing prevalent among English-dominant…

Weisenberg, Julia

2009-01-01

346

The earliest signs of Alzheimer's Disease  

E-print Network

The earliest signs of Alzheimer's Disease Sterling Johnson, PhD Professor Wisconsin Alzheimers Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center (GRECC) Wisconsin Alzheimer's Institute #12;Institute "Earliest Signs of Alzheimer's Disease" · FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: NONE · UNLABELED/UNAPPROVED USES DISCLOSURE

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

347

High performance signed-digit decimal adders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decimal arithmetic is desirable for high precision requirements of many financial, industrial and scientific applications. Furthermore, hardware support for decimal arithmetic has gained momentum with the revision of the IEEE 754 standard. This paper presents a new scheme for carry-free decimal addition using a signed-digit representation. In order to simplify the hardware requirements, each signed decimal digit uses a two's

Jeff Rebacz; Erdal Oruklu; Jafar Saniie

2009-01-01

348

Fatigue Risks in the Connections of Sign  

E-print Network

mrogram Fatigue Risks in the Connections of Sign archP Support Structures Phase 1 Reseahway SPR. Report No. WHRP 08-05 2. Government Accession No 3. Recipient's Catalog No 4. Title and Subtitle Fatigue. Abstract Wisconsin sought to assess the risk of fatigue-induced fracture in its existing sign support

Foley, Christopher M.

349

A Natural Interface for Sign Language Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general goal of our research is the creation of a natu- ral and intuitive interface for input and recognition of American Sign Language (ASL) math signs. The specific objective of this work is the development of two new interfaces for the Mathsignertm application. Mathsignertm is an interactive, 3D animation-based game designed to increase the mathematical skills of deaf children.

Nicoletta Adamo-villani; Bedrich Benes; Matt Brisbin; Bryce Hyland

2006-01-01

350

The ATIS Sign Language Corpus Jan Bungeroth  

E-print Network

, Ireland {smorri,away}@computing.dcu.ie Computer Science Department, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa lynette@cs.sun.ac.za Abstract Systems that automatically process sign language rely on appropriate and South African sign language. The corpus can be used for different tasks like automatic statistical

van Zijl, Lynette

351

Prodromal Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenic Relapse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing evidence that decompensation into acute psychosis by schizophrenics can often be avoided with active pharmacological and psychosocial intervention at the early signs of relapse has stimulated research into the signs and symptoms prodromal to acute psychosis. In this study, 6-week periods prior to 17 psychotic relapses and to 11 relapses…

Subotnik, Kenneth L.; Nuechterlein, Keith H.

352

An Opinion Spreading Model in Signed Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The opinion spreading process can be modeled as the spread of an epidemic through a network, which assumes homogeneous relationships between individuals. However, positive and negative relationships in signed networks play different roles in the opinion spreading process, following the general rule that the same opinion will diffuse through friends, while the opposite opinion will likely emerge out of interactions between enemies. In order to explore opinion spreading behavior in signed networks, we proposed a simple opinion spreading model based on the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) epidemic model. Under the assumption of homogeneous mixing, we also analyzed the phase transition of opinion spreading in signed networks and found that critical spreading rates were closely related to the fraction of positive relationships in signed networks. Finally, we confirmed the correctness of our solutions using numerical simulations of the opinion spreading model in signed networks.

Li, Wei; Fan, Pengyi; Li, Pei; Wang, Hui; Pan, Yiguang

2013-05-01

353

Effects of Varying Rate of Signing on ASL Manual Signs and Nonmanual Markers  

PubMed Central

Spoken languages are characterized by flexible, multivariate prosodic systems. As a natural language, American Sign Language (ASL), and other sign languages (SLs), are also expected to be characterized in the same way. Artificially created signing systems for classroom use, such as signed English, serve as a contrast to natural sign languages. The present article explores the effects of changes in signing rate on signs, pauses, and, unlike previous studies, a variety of nonmanual markers. Rate was a main effect on the duration of signs, the number of pauses and pause duration, the duration of brow raises, the duration of licensed lowered brows, the number and duration of blinks, all of which decreased with increased signing rate. This indicates that signers produced their different signing rates without making dramatic changes in the number of signs, but instead by varying the sign duration, in accordance with previous observations (Grosjean, 1978, 1979). These results can be brought to bear on three different issues: (1) the difference between grammatical nonmanuals and non-grammatical nonmanuals; (2) the fact that nonmanuals in general are not just a modality effect; and (3) the use of some nonmanuals as pragmatically determined as opposed to overt morphophonological markers reflecting the semantic–syntax–pragmatic interfaces. PMID:19624032

Wilbur, Ronnie B.

2009-01-01

354

Signed Language Working Memory Capacity of Signed Language Interpreters and Deaf Signers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of hearing status and age of signed language acquisition on signed language working memory capacity. Professional Auslan (Australian sign language)/English interpreters (hearing native signers and hearing nonnative signers) and deaf Auslan signers (deaf native signers and deaf nonnative signers) completed an…

Wang, Jihong; Napier, Jemina

2013-01-01

355

Workplace Concepts in Sign and Text. A Computerized Sign Language Dictionary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a dictionary of essential vocabulary, signs, and illustrations of workplace activities to be used to train deaf or hearing-impaired adults. It contains more than 500 entries with workplace-relevant vocabulary, each including an illustration of the signed word or phrase in American Sign Language, a description of how to make the…

Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, Pittsburgh.

356

The Sign "Institute" and Its Derivatives: A Family of Culturally Important ASL Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sign "institute" is the source of a family of ASL signs that are used to refer to residential schools for deaf children and to other institutions. The members of the "institute" sign family--although initialized--are well-established within the Deaf community and, importantly, are used to refer to highly-valued aspects of Deaf culture. This is…

Kowalsky, Jilly; Meier, Richard P.

2013-01-01

357

Adapting the "Assessing British Sign Language Development: Receptive Skills Test" into American Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Signed languages continue to be a key element of deaf education programs that incorporate a bilingual approach to teaching and learning. In order to monitor the success of bilingual deaf education programs, and in particular to monitor the progress of children acquiring signed language, it is essential to develop an assessment tool of signed

Enns, Charlotte J.; Herman, Rosalind C.

2011-01-01

358

Comparison of several Russian populations by vital statistics and frequency of genes causing hereditary pathology  

SciTech Connect

Distances computed from vital statistics using the Euclid formula and thus termed {open_quotes}vital{close_quotes} are proposed for use in population studies. An example of use of these statistics for comparison of four large geographically separated Russian populations is given. 9 refs., 1 tab.

El`chinova, G.I.; Mamedova, R.A.; Brusintseva, O.V.; Ginter, E.K. [Medical-Genetic Research Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1994-11-01

359

Digital literacy: A vital competence for 2010? Denise Leahy, Dudley Dolan  

E-print Network

Digital literacy: A vital competence for 2010? Denise Leahy, Dudley Dolan School of Computer literacy and has included this in the definition of eInclusion [2]. This paper defines digital literacy as a competence which is vital for all citizens, examines the changing definitions of digital literacy, looks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Structure of the Heme d of Penicillium vitale and Escherichia coli Catalases*  

E-print Network

Structure of the Heme d of Penicillium vitale and Escherichia coli Catalases* (Received-hydroxychlorin -spirolactone has been found in the crystal structures of Penicillium vitale catalase and Escherichia coli catalase hydroperoxidase II (HPII). The absolute stereochemistry of the two heme d chiral car- bon atoms

361

Ethnolinguistic Vitality and Language Use amongst Eastern European Migrants in East Anglia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses language usage patterns amongst Eastern European migrants living in the East Anglia region of Great Britain. It examines the relationship between individual speakers' language use and societal factors, with an emphasis of respondents' perceptions of ethnic, cultural and linguistic vitality. A linguistic vitality and language…

Rasinger, Sebastian M.

2010-01-01

362

“What's Everybody So Excited About?”: The Effects of Teacher Enthusiasm on Student Intrinsic Motivation and Vitality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on teacher behaviors that actively promote student intrinsic motivation to learn has been relatively scarce. In this article, 2 studies exploring the effects of teacher enthusiasm on both students' intrinsic motivation to learn and their pychological vitality are presented (Ryan & Frederick, 1997). In Study 1, a questionnaire including measures of intrinsic motivation, vitality, teacher enthusiasm, and numerous other

Brian C. Patrick; Jennifer Hisley; Toni Kempler

2000-01-01

363

Subjective Vitality as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Subjective Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the mediator and moderator effects of subjective vitality on the relationship between life satisfaction and subjective happiness were investigated. The participants were 378 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Subjective Vitality Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Subjective…

Uysal, Recep; Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Satici, Begüm; Akin, Ahmet

2014-01-01

364

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

365

In-vehicle signing functions and systems concepts  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes functional requirements and system concepts for an In-Vehicle Signing (IVS) system, which will bring information from roadway signs, signals, and pavement markings into the vehicle for presentation to the driver. Information filter functions will assure that the only messages displayed are those which are important to the driver and which apply. Display functions will optimize the presentation of the message to ambient conditions, driver preferences, the number of simultaneous messages, and the urgency of the message. Timing functions will display a sign as soon as it is needed, for the entire time that it applies, and only while it applies. IVS is one of the core components of an integrated In-Vehicle Information System, which will manage and fuse all driving-related information. Two different IVS system concepts have been investigated: one based on a map database, the other on beacon technology. This work is being conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the US Federal Highway Administration as part of the Intelligent Transportation System Program.

Tufano, D.R.; Spelt, P.F.; Knee, H.E.

1996-03-01

366

False localizing signs in traumatic brain injury  

PubMed Central

Background Hemiparesis ipsilateral to a mass-occupying lesion can be due to Kernohan-Woltman Notch Phenomenon (KWNP). This syndrome implies a false-localizing sign because clinical findings lead the examiner to an incorrect neuroanatomical diagnosis. The contralateral crus cerebri (pyramidal tract) is pressed against the tentorial incisum and a resultant hemiparesis is found on the same side of the lesion. Review A detailed literature search of false-localizing signs is presented. Conclusions Not infrequently, patients presenting to a physiatrist may have incomplete records. The existence of false localizing signs may point the physician towards the wrong underlying pathology. PMID:19557561

MCKENNA, CRISTIN; FELLUS, JONATHAN; BARRETT, ANNA M.

2010-01-01

367

Applications of the 3-D Deterministic Transport Attila{reg_sign} for Core Safety Analysis  

SciTech Connect

An LDRD (Laboratory Directed Research and Development) project is ongoing at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for applying the three-dimensional multi-group deterministic neutron transport code (Attila{reg_sign}) to criticality, flux and depletion calculations of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). This paper discusses the model development, capabilities of Attila, generation of the cross-section libraries, and comparisons to an ATR MCNP model and future.

Lucas, D.S.; Gougar, D.; Roth, P.A.; Wareing, T.; Failla, G.; McGhee, J.; Barnett, A.

2004-10-06

368

14 CFR 406.111 - Signing documents.  

...or reversal of existing law; and (3) Not unreasonable or...section, the administrative law judge or the FAA decisionmaker must: (1) Strike the pleading signed in violation...discovery by the party; (3) Deny the motion or...

2014-01-01

369

14 CFR 406.111 - Signing documents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or reversal of existing law; and (3) Not unreasonable or...section, the administrative law judge or the FAA decisionmaker must: (1) Strike the pleading signed in violation...discovery by the party; (3) Deny the motion or...

2012-01-01

370

14 CFR 406.111 - Signing documents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or reversal of existing law; and (3) Not unreasonable or...section, the administrative law judge or the FAA decisionmaker must: (1) Strike the pleading signed in violation...discovery by the party; (3) Deny the motion or...

2013-01-01

371

14 CFR 406.111 - Signing documents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or reversal of existing law; and (3) Not unreasonable or...section, the administrative law judge or the FAA decisionmaker must: (1) Strike the pleading signed in violation...discovery by the party; (3) Deny the motion or...

2011-01-01

372

14 CFR 406.111 - Signing documents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or reversal of existing law; and (3) Not unreasonable or...section, the administrative law judge or the FAA decisionmaker must: (1) Strike the pleading signed in violation...discovery by the party; (3) Deny the motion or...

2010-01-01

373

Sign iconicity and receptive vocabulary testing.  

PubMed

Development of valid receptive sign vocabulary tests and the influence of sign iconicity on test performance were investigated. Forty items were taken from the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (Lloyd M. Dunn & Leota M. Dunn, 1982). For each target item, three alternative distractor items were developed to draw nonsigning participants away from a perceptual matching strategy. The sample comprised 34 deaf signing undergraduates and 36 hearing nonsigning undergraduates. Deaf students outperformed hearing students on both sets of items. Hearing students' scores on the original items were significantly higher than on the manipulated items, but both exceeded chance level (25%), indicating that many of the items were iconic for this sample. Complete elimination of iconicity is difficult for sophisticated participants. Recommendations for development of tests for signing deaf students include involvement of nonsigning hearing participants to reduce the effects of iconicity in obtaining valid results. PMID:18488532

Miller, Margery

2008-01-01

374

Rim sign: association with acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

In a retrospective analysis of 218 hepatobiliary studies in patients clinically suspected of acute cholecystitis, a rim of increased hepatic activity adjacent to the gallbladder fossa (the rim sign) has been evaluated as a scintigraphic predictor of confirmed acute cholecystitis. Of 28 cases with pathologic confirmation of acute cholecystitis in this series, 17 (60%) demonstrated this sign. When associated with nonvisualization of the gallbladder at 1 hr, the positive predictive value of this photon-intense rim for acute cholecystitis was 94%. When the rim sign was absent, the positive predictive value of nonvisualization of the gallbladder at 1 hr for acute cholecystitis was only 36%. As this sign was always seen during the first hour postinjection, it can, when associated with nonvisualization, reduce the time required for completion of an hepatobiliary examination in suspected acute cholecystitis.

Bushnell, D.L.; Perlman, S.B.; Wilson, M.A.; Polcyn, R.E.

1986-03-01

375

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis & septicaemia  

E-print Network

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis & septicaemia � Meningitis Trust July 2011 � Next review July rates may vary. The Meningitis Trust relies on voluntary donations to provide lifelong support for people affected by meningitis Meningitis Septicaemia Meningitis & Septicaemia Meningococcal Septicaemia

376

Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early  

MedlinePLUS

... 13MB] Request a higher resolution file Share this Video Embed: What do you think of our videos? Your feedback about CDC-TV and our videos ...

377

33 CFR 127.113 - Warning signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas § 127.113 Warning signs. ...Dangerous Cargo No Visitors No Smoking No Open Lights (b) Each...

2010-07-01

378

American Sign Language & Heterogeneous Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to understand American Sign Language (ASL) as heterogeneous communication and to use it as a model for developing in other modalities alternative heterogeneous communication systems with the same advantages. (26 references) (CK)

Macken, Elizabeth; And Others

1995-01-01

379

Discovering How to Sign for Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An elementary school class that learned sign language also benefited from several positive side effects. As the students developed a new means of communication, they also become more aware of deaf individuals and their needs. (DF)

Silliman, Deborah

1985-01-01

380

Approaches to quality management and accreditation in a genetic testing laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical laboratories, and specifically genetic testing laboratories, provide vital medical services to different clients: clinicians requesting a test, patients from whom the sample was collected, public health and medical-legal instances, referral laboratories and authoritative bodies. All expect results that are accurate and obtained in an efficient and effective manner, within a suitable time frame and at acceptable cost. There are

Sarah Berwouts; Michael A Morris; Elisabeth Dequeker

2010-01-01

381

Sign-symmetry of temperature structure functions.  

PubMed

New scalar structure functions with different sign-symmetry properties are defined. These structure functions possess different scaling exponents even when their order is the same. Their scaling properties are investigated for second and third orders, using data from high-Reynolds-number atmospheric boundary layer. It is only when structure functions with disparate sign-symmetry properties are compared can the extended self-similarity detect two different scaling ranges that may exist, as in the example of convective turbulence. PMID:15244734

Aivalis, Konstantinos G; Kurien, Susan; Schumacher, Jörg; Sreenivasan, Katepalli R

2004-06-01

382

THE PHONOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION OF SIGN LANGUAGES  

PubMed Central

Visually perceivable and movable parts of the body – the hands, facial features, head, and upper body – are the articulators of sign language. It is through these articulators that that words are formed, constrained, and contrasted with one another, and that prosody is conveyed. This article provides an overview of the way in which phonology is organized in the alternative modality of sign language. PMID:23539295

SANDLER, WENDY

2013-01-01

383

[Minor neurological signs and pediatric psychiatric vulnerability].  

PubMed

In the present study we investigate the quantity of Neurologic Soft Signs in connection with the type of Psychiatric Disorders in a sample of thirty boys and thirty girls of age between four and fifteen years. The results shaw that the Neurologic Soft Signs mentioned are present in a significant quantity with regard to the gravity of the psychiatric disorders. Likewise, their evaluation can be very useful to determine the child's neuro-maturational condition and psychiatry vulnerability. PMID:1699394

Díaz Atienza, J; Blánquez Rodríguez, M P

1990-01-01

384

Neurological soft signs in mainstream pupils  

PubMed Central

AIMS—(1) To examine the relation between neurological soft signs and measures of cognition, coordination, and behaviour in mainstream schoolchildren. (2) To determine whether high soft sign scores may predict children with significant problems in other areas.?METHODS—A total of 169 children aged between 8 and 13 years from mainstream schools were assessed. They form part of a larger study into the outcome of meningococcal disease in childhood. Half had previous meningococcal disease and half were controls. Assessment involved measurement of six soft signs followed by assessment of motor skills (movement ABC), cognitive function (WISC-III), and behaviour (Conners' Rating Scales).?RESULTS—Children having an age corrected soft sign score above the 90th centile were considered to have an excess of soft signs. When compared to the other children they had significantly worse scores on the other three measures. Median movement ABC score was 15.3v 7. Mean total IQ scores were lower by 10.3 points. Median behaviour scores were significantly higher on both parental and teacher questionnaires. A soft sign score above the 90th centile had a sensitivity of 38% for detecting cognitive impairment, 42% for detecting coordination problems, and 25% for detecting possible attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.?CONCLUSION—In this group of children higher scores on the soft sign battery were related to significantly worse performance on measures of cognition, coordination, and behaviour. However, although soft sign assessment may be of interest it cannot accurately predict which children are likely to have impairment in other areas.?? PMID:11668095

Fellick, J; Thomson, A; Sills, J; Hart, C; STEPHENSON, P

2001-01-01

385

Being and Sign in the "Enneads"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this work is to show that Plotinus' metaphysics, his theory of Intellect, can be interpreted as a philosophy of the sign. The fact that Plotinus describes Intellect, the world of real beings, as a sign or a trace of the One is well-known, and we use this aspect in our work. However, what is even more important from our perspective…

Tomulet, Daniel

2010-01-01

386

Sonographic windsock sign of a duodenal web.  

PubMed

We report a neonate with a duodenal web demonstrating the windsock appearance on US. In neonates, duodenal web is rare and its windsock appearance is also rarely seen. The windsock sign of duodenal web has been a well-known finding on upper gastrointestinal series. The corresponding windsock appearance may be demonstrated on US. Duodenal web can, therefore, be accurately diagnosed by identifying the sonographic windsock sign even in neonates. PMID:11727020

Yoon, C H; Goo, H W; Kim, E A; Kim, K S; Pi, S Y

2001-12-01

387

xdamp Version 2: An IDL{reg_sign}-based data manipulation program  

SciTech Connect

The original DAMP (DAta Manipulation Program) was written by Mark Hedemann of Sandia National Laboratories and used the CA-DISSPLA{trademark} (available from Computer Associates International, Inc., Garden City, NY) graphics package as its engine. It was used to plot, modify, and otherwise manipulate the one-dimensional data waveforms (data vs. time) from a wide variety of accelerators. With the waning of CA-DISSPLA and the increasing popularity of UNIX{reg_sign}-based workstations, a replacement was needed. This package uses the IDL{reg_sign} software, available from Research Systems Incorporated in Boulder, Colorado, as the engine, and creates a set of widgets to manipulate the data in a manner similar to the original DAMP.IDL is currently supported on a wide variety of UNIX platforms such as IBM{reg_sign} workstations, Hewlett Packard workstations, SUN{reg_sign} workstations, Microsoft{reg_sign} Windows{trademark} computers, Macintosh{reg_sign} computers and Digital Equipment Corporation VMS{reg_sign} systems. Thus, xdamp is portable across many platforms. The authors have verified operation, albeit with some minor IDL bugs, on IBM PC computers using Windows, Windows 95 and Windows NT; IBM UNIX platforms; DEC Alpha and VMS systems; HP 9000/700 series workstations; and Macintosh computers, both regular and PowerPC{trademark} versions. Version 2 updates xdamp to require IDL version 4.0.1, adds many enhancements, and fixes a number of bugs.

Ballard, W.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Simulation Technology Research Dept.

1996-12-01

388

Population-specific vital rate contributions influence management of an endangered ungulate.  

PubMed

To develop effective management strategies for the recovery of threatened and endangered species, it is critical to identify those vital rates (survival and reproductive parameters) responsible for poor population performance and those whose increase will most efficiently change a population's trajectory. In actual application, however, approaches identifying key vital rates are often limited by inadequate demographic data, by unrealistic assumptions of asymptotic population dynamics, and of equal, infinitesimal changes in mean vital rates. We evaluated the consequences of these limitations in an analysis of vital rates most important in the dynamics of federally endangered Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis sierrae). Based on data collected from 1980 to 2007, we estimated vital rates in three isolated populations, accounting for sampling error, variance, and covariance. We used analytical sensitivity analysis, life-stage simulation analysis, and a novel non-asymptotic simulation approach to (1) identify vital rates that should be targeted for subspecies recovery; (2) assess vital rate patterns of endangered bighorn sheep relative to other ungulate populations; (3) evaluate the performance of asymptotic vs. non-asymptotic models for meeting short-term management objectives; and (4) simulate management scenarios for boosting bighorn sheep population growth rates. We found wide spatial and temporal variation in bighorn sheep vital rates, causing rates to vary in their importance to different populations. As a result, Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep exhibited population-specific dynamics that did not follow theoretical expectations or those observed in other ungulates. Our study suggests that vital rate inferences from large, increasing, or healthy populations may not be applicable to those that are small, declining, or endangered. We also found that, while asymptotic approaches were generally applicable to bighorn sheep conservation planning; our non-asymptotic population models yielded unexpected results of importance to managers. Finally, extreme differences in the dynamics of individual bighorn sheep populations imply that effective management strategies for endangered species recovery may often need to be population-specific. PMID:20945773

Johnson, Heather E; Mills, L Scott; Stephenson, Thomas R; Wehausen, John D

2010-09-01

389

Hepatitis C Virus Targets DC-SIGN and L-SIGN To Escape Lysosomal Degradation  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major health problem. However, the mechanism of hepatocyte infection is largely unknown. We demonstrate that the dendritic cell (DC)-specific C-type lectin DC-SIGN and its liver-expressed homologue L-SIGN/DC-SIGNR are important receptors for HCV envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2. Mutagenesis analyses demonstrated that both HCV E1 and E2 bind the same binding site on DC-SIGN as the pathogens human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and mycobacteria, which is distinct from the cellular ligand ICAM-3. HCV virus-like particles are efficiently captured and internalized by DCs through binding of DC-SIGN. Antibodies against DC-SIGN specifically block HCV capture by both immature and mature DCs, demonstrating that DC-SIGN is the major receptor on DCs. Interestingly, internalized HCV virus-like particles were targeted to nonlysosomal compartments within immature DCs, where they are protected from lysosomal degradation in a manner similar to that demonstrated for HIV-1. Lewis X antigen, another ligand of DC-SIGN, was internalized to lysosomes, demonstrating that the internalization pathway of DC-SIGN-captured ligands may depend on the structure of the ligand. Our results suggest that HCV may target DC-SIGN to “hide” within DCs and facilitate viral dissemination. L-SIGN, expressed by THP-1 cells, internalized HCV particles into similar nonlysosomal compartments, suggesting that L-SIGN on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells may capture HCV from blood and transmit it to hepatocytes, the primary target for HCV. We therefore conclude that both DCs and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells may act as reservoirs for HCV and that the C-type lectins DC-SIGN and L-SIGN, as important HCV receptors, may represent a molecular target for clinical intervention in HCV infection. PMID:15254204

Ludwig, Irene S.; Lekkerkerker, Annemarie N.; Depla, Erik; Bosman, Fons; Musters, Rene J. P.; Depraetere, Stany; van Kooyk, Yvette; Geijtenbeek, Teunis B. H.

2004-01-01

390

Waste Evaluation Request Fill in on-line then print and sign  

E-print Network

Waste Evaluation Request Fill in on-line then print and sign Fax to: 206-685-2915 Otherwise mail to Box Number Waste Name WASTE COMPOSITION List all components of waste. For solutions and mixtures will be correctly packaged and labeled according to the University of Washington Laboratory Safety Manual. I also

Wilcock, William

391

CHANGEABLE MESSAGE SIGN MESSAGES FOR WORK ZONES: TIME OF DAY, DAYS OF WEEK, AND MONTH DATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New Jersey Department of Transportation initiated a research study designed in part to further the state of knowledge of changeable message sign message design with specific application to the needs in New Jersey. Laboratory studies of human factors are described here; the studies were conducted in New Jersey to evaluate shorter alternative messages than those currently used to display

Conrad L. Dudek

1999-01-01

392

From Atoms to Animals: The Vital Force in Biology  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps the most significant event in intellectual history has occurred over the past several decades, a convergence of the sciences, a blurring of the distinctions between disciplines, from physics to chemistry to biology. Fundamental questions about human existence have been answered in chemical terms. What brings matter to life? What are our origins? What is the basis of cognitive activity? These and related questions have been a fertile area for philosophy and nonscientific analysis. The long history of such alternative approaches persists to this day. Life chemistry is explained by protein catalysts, in their simplest form known as enzymes, and in their full complexity, referred to as molecular machines. An example of great significance is the so-called transcription machinery, which reads out the genetic code, to direct the formation and function of all living things. The atomic structure of the transcription machinery was determined at Stanford, with the use of intense X-ray beams and facilities at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory at SLAC. The result is an image of this complex machinery in action, bringing genetic information to life.

Kornberg, Roger (Stanford University) [Stanford University

2008-02-26

393

Hepatitis C virus targets DC-SIGN and L-SIGN to escape lysosomal degradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major health problem. However, the mechanism of hepatocyte infection is largely unknown. We demonstrate that the dendritic cell (DC)-specific C-type lectin DC-SIGN and its liver-expressed homologue L-SIGN\\/DC-SIGNR are important receptors for HCV envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2. Mutagenesis analyses demonstrated that both HCV E1 and E2 bind the same binding site on DC-SIGN as

Irene S. Ludwig; Annemarie N. Lekkerkerker; Erik Depla; Fons Bosman; R. J. P. Musters; S. Depraetere; Kooijk van Y; T. B. H. Geijtenbeek

2004-01-01

394

Signs of trespass/signs of play: proper reading and Under the volcano  

E-print Network

SIGNS OF TRESPASS/SIGNS OF PLAY: PROPER READING AND UNDER THE VOLCANO A Thesis by LISA GAIL HOUSTON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ALM University in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS December 1989 Major Subject: English SIGNS OF TRESPASS/SIGNS OF PLAY: PROPER READING AND UNDER THE VOLCANO A Thesis by LISA GAIL HOUSTON Approved as to style and content by: Ro er ewman (Chair of Committee) e ante aw orne (Member) ic...

Houston, Lisa Gail

2012-06-07

395

RACE AND NATIONALITY DESCRIPTIONS FROM THE 2000 CENSUS AND BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS  

Cancer.gov

SEER Coding And Staging Manual 2004, Revision 1 APPENDIX D RACE AND NATIONALITY DESCRIPTIONS FROM THE 2000 CENSUS AND BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS SEER Coding And Staging Manual 2004, Revision 1 SEER Coding And Staging Manual 2004, Revision 1 Appendix

396

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure?  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure? The most common signs and symptoms of heart ... in your lungs. The condition requires emergency treatment. Heart Failure Signs and Symptoms The image shows the major ...

397

36 CFR 1192.55 - Priority seating signs.  

...BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Rapid Rail Vehicles and Systems § 1192.55 Priority seating signs. (a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which...

2014-07-01

398

36 CFR 1192.75 - Priority seating signs.  

...BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Light Rail Vehicles and Systems § 1192.75 Priority seating signs. (a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which...

2014-07-01

399

36 CFR 1192.105 - Priority seating signs.  

...DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.105 Priority seating signs. (a) Each car shall contain sign(s) which indicate that certain seats are priority seats for...

2014-07-01

400

30 CFR 816.11 - Signs and markers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Signs and markers. 816.11 Section 816.11 Mineral...MINING ACTIVITIES § 816.11 Signs and markers. (a) Specifications. Signs and markers required under this part shall—...

2010-07-01

401

30 CFR 817.11 - Signs and markers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Signs and markers. 817.11 Section 817.11 Mineral...MINING ACTIVITIES § 817.11 Signs and markers. (a) Specifications. Signs and markers required under this part shall—...

2010-07-01

402

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia? Lower than normal numbers of red blood cells, ... most of the signs and symptoms of aplastic anemia. Signs and Symptoms of Low Blood Cell Counts ...

403

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION...signs, other than automotive traffic signs specified in paragraph...white background. (g) Traffic signs. (1)...

2010-07-01

404

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION...signs, other than automotive traffic signs specified in paragraph...white background. (g) Traffic signs. (1)...

2012-07-01

405

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION...signs, other than automotive traffic signs specified in paragraph...white background. (g) Traffic signs. (1)...

2013-07-01

406

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION...signs, other than automotive traffic signs specified in paragraph...white background. (g) Traffic signs. (1)...

2011-07-01

407

Cardiovascular risk assessment in primary care: a new vital sign? An evidence-based approach for integrating the cardiovascular risk assessment approach in family practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Framingham Heart Study has taken the lead in developing the concept of risk factors, a concept that is now widely accepted and used. In 2000, the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation Study (HOPE study) has emphasized the importance and benefits of treating high cardiovascular risk patients.Major organizations see a role for medical office assessment in the detection of risk factors

Denis Drouin; J. L. Guy Tremblay; Paule Maltais; Francine Borduas

2002-01-01

408

Online screening for distress, the 6th vital sign, in newly diagnosed oncology outpatients: randomised controlled trial of computerised vs personalised triage  

PubMed Central

Background: This randomised controlled trial examined the impact of screening for distress followed by two different triage methods on clinically relevant outcomes over a 12-month period. Methods: Newly diagnosed patients attending a large tertiary cancer centre were randomised to one of the two conditions: (1) screening with computerised triage or (2) screening with personalised triage, both following standardised clinical triage algorithms. Patients completed the Distress Thermometer, Pain and Fatigue Thermometers, the Psychological Screen for Cancer (PSSCAN) Part C and questions on resource utilisation at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. Results: In all, 3133 patients provided baseline data (67% of new patients); with 1709 (54.5%) retained at 12 months (15.4% deceased). Mixed effects models revealed that both groups experienced significant decreases in distress, anxiety, depression, pain and fatigue over time. People receiving personalised triage and people reporting higher symptom burden were more likely to access services, which was subsequently related to greater decreases in distress, anxiety and depression. Women may benefit more from personalised triage, whereas men may benefit more from a computerised triage model. Conclusion: Screening for distress is a viable intervention that has the potential to decrease symptom burden up to 12?months post diagnosis. The best model of screening may be to incorporate personalised triage for patients indicating high levels of depression and anxiety while providing computerised triage for others. PMID:22828610

Carlson, L E; Waller, A; Groff, S L; Zhong, L; Bultz, B D

2012-01-01

409

Screening for distress, the 6th vital sign: common problems in cancer outpatients over one year in usual care: associations with marital status, sex, and age  

PubMed Central

Background Very few studies examine the longitudinal prevalence of problems and the awareness or use of clinical programs by patients who report these problems. Of the studies that examine age, gender and marital status as predictors of a range of patient outcomes, none examines the interactions between these demographic variables. This study examined the typical trajectory of common practical and psychosocial problems endorsed over 12 months in a usual-care sample of cancer outpatients. Specifically, we examined whether marital status, sex, age, and their interactions predicted these trajectories. We did not actively triage or refer patients in this study in order to examine the natural course of problem reports. Methods Patients completed baseline screening (N?=?1196 of 1707 approached) and the sample included more men (N?=?696) than women (N?=?498), average age 61.1 years. The most common diagnoses were gastrointestinal (27.1%), prostate (19.2%), skin (11.1%) and gynecological (9.2%). Among other measures, patients completed a Common Problem Checklist and Psychosocial Resources Use questions at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months using paper and pencil surveys. Results Results indicated that patients reported psychosocial problems more often than practical and both decreased significantly over time. Younger single patients reported more practical problems than those in committed relationships. Younger patients and women of all ages reported more psychosocial problems. Among a number of interesting interactions, for practical problems, single older patients improved more; whereas among married people, younger patients improved more. For psychosocial problems we found that older female patients improved more than younger females, but among males, it was younger patients who improved more. Young single men and women reported the most past-and future-use of services. Conclusions Younger women are particularly vulnerable to experiencing practical and psychosocial problems when diagnosed with cancer, but being married protects these younger women. Marriage appeared to buffer reports of both practical and psychosocial problems, and led to less awareness and use of services. Unexpectedly, young men reported the highest use of psychosocial services. This study informs clinical program development with information on these risk groups. PMID:23031647

2012-01-01

410

Non-contact, Wavelet-based Measurement of Vital Signs using Thermal Imaging S. Yu. Chekmenev, H. Rara, and Aly A. Farag  

E-print Network

approaches for measuring heart rate and respiration. The proposed method has potential applications in non on the measurement of the breathing rate and heart rate. The baseline standard for pulse measurement that a piezoelectric device on an elastic belt can non-invasively measure both heart rate and breathing rate on small

Farag, Aly A.

411

Vasectomy with rivanol injection and fertility control by vital staining with eosin.  

PubMed

A material is presented of 66 males who were treated with Rivanol injection during vasectomy in order to obtain immediate sterility. The fertility control was established using vital eosin staining on seminal fluid at home. One case of recanalization occurred. All patients had infertile spermatozoa or aspermia 10 days after surgery. Increased frequency of complications was not observed. Vital staining with eosin is found to be practical and easily used. PMID:2448262

Lauritsen, N P; Kløve-Mogensen, M; Glavind, K

1987-01-01

412

Laboratory 10 Control Systems Laboratory ECE3557 Laboratory 10  

E-print Network

Laboratory 10 Control Systems Laboratory ECE3557 Laboratory 10 State Feedback Controller.87 Ã? 10-7 kg-m2 , and Jl = 3 Ã? 10-5 kg-m2 . Page 1 of 7 #12;Laboratory 10 Control Systems Laboratory ECE;Laboratory 10 Control Systems Laboratory ECE3557 10.3 Laboratory Preparation 1. Write a MATLAB script

413

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Hypotension?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Hypotension? Orthostatic Hypotension and Neurally Mediated Hypotension The signs and symptoms of orthostatic hypotension and neurally mediated hypotension (NMH) are similar. ...

414

Brazilian Sign Language Lexicography and Technology: Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, Chereme-based Sign Retrieval, and Quadriplegic Deaf Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Brazilian Sign language digital encyclopedia, which contains a databank of 5,600 signs glossed in Portuguese and English, along with descriptions and illustrations of their signed form. (Author/VWL)

Capovilla, Fernando C.; Duduchi, Marcelo; Raphael, Walkiria D.; Luz, Renato D.; Rozados, Daniela; Capovilla, Alessandra G. S.; Macedo, Elizeu C.

2003-01-01

415

Vital area identification for U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission nuclear power reactor licensees and new reactor applicants  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission nuclear power plant licensees and new reactor applicants are required to provide protection of their plants against radiological sabotage, including the placement of vital equipment in vital areas. This document describes a systematic process for the identification of the minimum set of areas that must be designated as vital areas in order to ensure that all

Donnie Wayne Whitehead; G. Bruce Varnado

2008-01-01

416

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Hanging Sign  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive homework problem for introductory physics students relating to torque due to frictional force. It involves a system in which a 1050 kg sign is attached to a rod perpendicular to a rough wall. A guy wire is affixed to the end of the rod and to the wall, bearing the load of the sign. Students must determine the smallest value of coefficient of friction possible for the sign to stay in place. A user-activated "help" sequence is provided for each step of the problem-solving, from conceptual analysis through quantitative calculation. To promote critical thinking, immediate feedback is received for both correct and incorrect responses. This item is part of a larger collection of interactive homework problems for introductory physics.

Gladding, Gary

2008-09-10

417

Sign ambiguity in the K Sigma channel  

E-print Network

Ambiguities of the signs of $N\\to \\Sigma K$ coupling constants are studied in a multichannel partial wave analysis of a large body of pion and photo-induced reactions. It is shown that the signs are not free from some ambiguities, and further experimental data are needed. Data on the reactions $\\pi^+p\\to \\Sigma^+K^+$ and $\\gamma p\\to K^+\\Sigma^0$ define rather well the isospin 3/2 contributions to these channels. However the lack of information on polarization observables for the reactions $\\pi^-p\\to \\Sigma^0K^0$, $\\pi^-p\\to \\Sigma^-K^+$ and $\\gamma p\\to K^0\\Sigma^+$ does not allow us to fix uniquely the signs of $N\\to \\Sigma K$ coupling constants. As a consequence, also the contributions of nucleon resonances to these channels remain uncertain.

A. V. Anisovich; E. Klempt; V. A. Nikonov; A. V. Sarantsev; U. Thoma

2013-10-14

418

A Sign Language Screen Reader for Deaf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Screen reader technology has appeared first to allow blind and people with reading difficulties to use computer and to access to the digital information. Until now, this technology is exploited mainly to help blind community. During our work with deaf people, we noticed that a screen reader can facilitate the manipulation of computers and the reading of textual information. In this paper, we propose a novel screen reader dedicated to deaf. The output of the reader is a visual translation of the text to sign language. The screen reader is composed by two essential modules: the first one is designed to capture the activities of users (mouse and keyboard events). For this purpose, we adopted Microsoft MSAA application programming interfaces. The second module, which is in classical screen readers a text to speech engine (TTS), is replaced by a novel text to sign (TTSign) engine. This module converts text into sign language animation based on avatar technology.

El Ghoul, Oussama; Jemni, Mohamed

419

Signs of Resistance: Peer Learning of Sign Languages within "Oral" Schools for the Deaf  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the role of the Deaf child as peer educator. In schools where sign languages were banned, Deaf children became the educators of their Deaf peers in a number of contexts worldwide. This paper analyses how this peer education of sign language worked in context by drawing on two examples from boarding schools for the deaf in…

Anglin-Jaffe, Hannah

2013-01-01

420

LANGUAGE LABORATORIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE USE OF THE LANGUAGE LABORATORY HAS GIVEN MANY THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS GOOD LISTENING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE AND HAS BECOME AN EFFECTIVE LEARNING TOOL. THE BASIC PIECE OF EQUIPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE LABORATORY IS THE TAPE RECORDER-AND-PLAYBACK, DESIGNED TO BE USED WITH AUDIOPASSIVE STUDY, AUDIOACTIVE STUDY, AUDIOACTIVE-COMPARATIVE STUDY, AND…

BRUBAKER, CHARLES WILLIAM

421

Sign Communication in Cri du Chat Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a study on the use of sign supported Norwegian (SSN) in two individuals with Cri du chat syndrome (CCS). The study gives a first account of some selected aspects of production and intelligibility of SSN in CCS. Possible deviance in manual parameters, in particular inter- and/or intra-subject variation in the use…

Erlenkamp, Sonja; Kristoffersen, Kristian Emil

2010-01-01

422

What Are the Signs of Dyslexia?  

MedlinePLUS

... of 7. But, if several signs exist and reading problems persist, or if you have a family history of dyslexia, you may want to have your child evaluated. Elementary Aged Children Does Your 1st, 2nd or 3rd-Grader: ...

423

Harold Varmus Attends White House Signing  

Cancer.gov

Harold Varmus (center, in blue shirt) joined Cabinet members, members of Congress, and other stem cell research advocates to witness President Barack Obama signing an Executive Order lifting the government's ban on federal funding for stem cell research at a White House ceremony on March 9.

424

33 CFR 127.1113 - Warning signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...following text: Warning Dangerous Cargo No visitors No Smoking No Open Lights (b) Each letter on the sign must be...7.6 centimeters (3 inches) high. (c) The words “No Smoking” and “No Open Lights” may be omitted when the product...

2013-07-01

425

NOAAINMFS Developments The Federal government signed off  

E-print Network

NOAAINMFS Developments The Federal government signed off in late September on a $5 million of foreign fishing effort. The long-term debt portion of the vessel's $7 million construction cost XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, uses the private capital market to arrange long-term debt

426

Conceptual Representation of Actions in Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea that knowledge of events entails a universal spatial component, that is conceiving agents left of patients, was put to test by investigating native users of German sign language and native users of spoken German. Participants heard or saw event descriptions and had to illustrate the meaning of these events by means of drawing or arranging…

Dobel, Christian; Enriquez-Geppert, Stefanie; Hummert, Marja; Zwitserlood, Pienie; Bolte, Jens

2011-01-01

427

Psychological Testing of Sign Language Interpreters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-eight sign language interpreters participated in a battery of tests to determine if a profile of cognitive, motor, attention, and personality attributes might distinguish them as a group and at different credential levels. Eight interpreters held Level II and nine held Level III Virginia Quality Assurance Screenings (VQAS); the other 11…

Seal, Brenda C.

2004-01-01

428

Why Young Athletes Sign Up for Sports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students participate in sports because of several reasons. A coach may effectively guide his team if he knows what motivates each player. In this article, the authors investigate the reasons why athletes sign up for sports. They designed a questionnaire with open-ended and close-ended questions which focuses on how students perceived sports, why…

McGee, Zach; Strasser, Joe; McKenzie, Isaac; Stoll, Sharon

2005-01-01

429

SIGN: Science, Inclusion and Growth in Norfolk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science, Inclusion, and Growth in Norfolk (SIGN) is a Public Understanding of Science project that seeks to use the understanding of plant and soil science to demonstrate that people with severe learning difficulties can find the scientific method of inquiry a relevant and rewarding route to self-confidence and an understanding of the events that…

Lefever, David; Symonds, Lynne

2000-01-01

430

Three Utilities for the Equal Sign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compare the activity of young children using a microworld and a JavaScript relational calculator with the literature on children using traditional calculators. We describe how the children constructed different meanings for the equal sign in each setting. It appears that the nature of the meaning constructed is highly dependent on specificities…

Jones, Ian; Pratt, Dave

2005-01-01

431

Error Bounds for the Sign Function  

E-print Network

The Overlap operator fulfills the Ginsparg-Wilson relation exactly and therefore represents an optimal discretization of the QCD Dirac operator with respect to chiral symmetry. When computing propagators or in HMC simulations, where one has to invert the overlap operator using some iterative solver, one has to approxomate the action of the sign function of the (symmetrized) Wilson fermion matrix Q on a vector b in each iteration. This is usually done iteratively using a "primary" Lanczos iteration. In this process, it is very important to have good stopping criteria which allow to reliably assess the quality of the approximation to the action of the sign function computed so far. In this work we show how to cheaply recover a secondary Lanczos process, starting at an arbitrary Lanczos vector of the primary process and how to use this secondary process to efficiently obtain computable error estimates and error bounds for the Lanczos approximations to sign(Q)b, where the sign function is approximated by the Zolotarev rational approximation.

Andreas Frommer; Karsten Kahl; Thomas Lippert; H. Rittich

2011-12-15

432

Inverses of Infinite Sign Regular Matrices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Let A be an infinite sign regular (SR) matrix which can be viewed as a bounded linear operator from L sub infinity to itself. It is proved here that if the range of A contains the sequence (...,1,-1,1,-1,...), then A is onto. If (inverse of A) exists then...

C. de Boor, S. Friedland, A. Pinkus

1980-01-01

433

The Minus Sign in Faraday's Law Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By introducing the mathematical concept of orientation, the significance of the minus sign in Faraday's law may be made clear to students with some knowledge of vector calculus. For many students, however, the traditional approach of treating the law as a relationship between positive scalars and of relying on Lenz's law to provide the information…

O'Sullivan, Colm; Hurley, Donal

2013-01-01

434

Traffic control with variable message signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

One way to provide dynamic route information to travellers is by means of Variable Message Signs (VMS). Owing to the availability of reasonable alternative routes for several important traffic relations, the Ring Road around Amsterdam, which was completed in September, 1990, offers an almost ideal situation for the use of VMS. The first VMS will be installed on this Ring

Mark G. M. Brocken; Martie J. M. van der Vlist

1991-01-01

435

33 CFR 127.113 - Warning signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...be seen from the shore and the water; and (3) Have the following text: Warning Dangerous Cargo No Visitors No Smoking No Open Lights (b) Each letter in the words on the sign must be— (1) Block style; (2) Black on a white...

2013-07-01

436

Sign Language in Astronomy and Space Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teaching science to school children with hearing deficiency and impairment can be a rewarding and valuable experience for both teacher and student, and necessary to society as a whole in order to reduce the discriminative policies in the formal educational system. The one most important obstacle to the teaching of science to students with hearing deficiency and impairments is the lack of vocabulary in sign language to express the precise concepts encountered in scientific endeavor. In a collaborative project between Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía ``Francisco J. Duarte'' (CIDA), Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador-Instituto Pedagógico de Maturín (UPEL-IPM) and Unidad Educativa Especial Bolivariana de Maturín (UEEBM) initiated in 2006, we have attempted to fill this gap by developing signs for astronomy and space sciences terminology. During two three-day workshops carried out at CIDA in Mérida in July 2006 and UPEL-IPM in Maturín in March 2007 a total of 112 concepts of astronomy and space sciences were coined in sign language using an interactive method which we describe in the text. The immediate goal of the project is to incorporate these terms into Venezuelan Sign Language (LSV).

Cova, J.; Movilio, V.; Gómez, Y.; Gutiérrez, F.; García, R.; Moreno, H.; González, F.; Díaz, J.; Villarroel, C.; Abreu, E.; Aparicio, D.; Cárdenas, J.; Casneiro, L.; Castillo, N.; Contreras, D.; La Verde, N.; Maita, M.; Martínez, A.; Villahermosa, J.; Quintero, A.

2009-05-01

437

46 CFR 154.1830 - Warning sign.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1830 Warning...Cargo. (3) No Visitors. (4) No Smoking. (5) No Open Lights. (c) Each...borders of the sign. (e) The words “No Smoking” and “No Open Lights” may be...

2010-10-01

438

33 CFR 127.1113 - Warning signs.  

...following text: Warning Dangerous Cargo No visitors No Smoking No Open Lights (b) Each letter on the sign must be...7.6 centimeters (3 inches) high. (c) The words “No Smoking” and “No Open Lights” may be omitted when the product...

2014-07-01

439

Macquarie University Design Standards UNIVERSITY STANDARD SIGNS  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Studies Section L1 C8A LINCOLN BUILDING Macquarie Transition Program L2 Dean of Students Office L2 All Student Enquiries NORTH-EASTSOUTH-WEST C8A LINCOLN BUILDING - Medical, Equity & Disability External Building Directory Sign Alumni Office L3 Systems Support Services L4 Student Records L4 Dyna

Wang, Yan

440

46 CFR 154.1830 - Warning sign.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (2) Dangerous Cargo. (3) No Visitors. (4) No Smoking. (5) No Open Lights. (c) Each letter in the words...2 in.) at the borders of the sign. (e) The words “No Smoking” and “No Open Lights” may be omitted when the cargoes...

2011-10-01

441

JAMA Patient Page: Warning Signs of Stroke  

MedlinePLUS

... 2014 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. JAMA PATIENT PAGE| Neurology Warning Signs of a Stroke A stroke happens ... be photocopied noncommercially by physicians and other health care professionals to share with patients. To purchase bulk reprints, call 312/464-0776. ...

442

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Signs and Symptoms Language: English Español Français Share Compartir Symptoms of Ebola include Fever Severe ... Ebola Outbreak  Language: English Español Français File Formats Help: How do I view different ...

443

Prevention Signs---ew esigns Co pared  

E-print Network

not stopped in this time period, 1,197 drivers were interviewed. All vehicles were marked with bumper tape population at the time of exposure. A roadside fire prevention sign, though, must influence specific t s the first of a series which is being conducted to he 1panswer such questions. The work is being carried 0 u

Standiford, Richard B.

444

Identifying Depiction in American Sign Language Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines depiction in American Sign Language (ASL) presentations. The impetus for this study came from my work as an instructor in an interpreter education program. The majority of ASL/English interpreters are second language learners of ASL, and many of them find some features of ASL challenging to learn. These features are…

Thumann, Mary Agnes

2010-01-01

445

Paleomagnetics Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, the California Institute of Technology's Paleomagnetics Laboratory promotes its research of weakly magnetic geologic and biological materials. Users can learn about the facilities such as the biomagnetics lab and the automatic sampler. The website features the laboratory's recent research on many topics including extraterrestrial magnetism, magnetofossils, and historical geomagnetic field behavior. Visitors can find out more about the many laboratory members' research activities through links to their home pages. Researchers can download a selection of the group's publications. Everyone can enjoy the amazing images from recent geologic field trips across the globe.

446

Sign elements in symmetric groups Jrn B. Olsson  

E-print Network

Sign elements in symmetric groups Jørn B. Olsson Dept. of Mathematical Sciences University of Copenhagen, Denmark Nagoya, September 4, 2008 Jørn B. Olsson Sign elements in symmetric groups #12 definition of sign elements and sign classes in finite groups. Content of talk: · Generalities about group

Takahashi, Ryo

447

Visual Feedback and Self-Monitoring of Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceptual loop theory of self-monitoring posits that auditory speech output is parsed by the comprehension system. For sign language, however, visual input from one's own signing is distinct from visual input received from another's signing. Two experiments investigated the role of visual feedback in the production of American Sign Language…

Emmorey, Karen; Bosworth, Rain; Kraljic, Tanya

2009-01-01

448

Grammar, Gesture, and Meaning in American Sign Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In sign languages of the Deaf, now recognized as fully legitimate human languages, some signs can meaningfully point toward things or can be meaningfully placed in the space ahead of the signer. Such spatial uses of sign are an obligatory part of fluent grammatical signing. There is no parallel for this in vocally produced languages. This book…

Liddell, Scott K.

449

Conspicuity, memorability, comprehension, and priming in road hazard warning signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed driver reactions to 16 road hazard warning signs of various formats by projecting life-sized video of road scenes to drivers in a driving simulator. A range of measures, including attentional and search conspicuity, implicit and explicit recognition, dynamic and static comprehension, and sign priming were collected. Of the signs tested, road works and school warning signs were

Samuel G. Charlton

2006-01-01

450

Newborn calf vitality: risk factors, characteristics, assessment, resulting outcomes and strategies for improvement.  

PubMed

Dystocia is a stressful and traumatic event for both the cow and calf. As the prevalence of dystocia has increased over time, attention has been focused on maintaining the health and longevity of the cow. Lack of vitality in the newborn calf may go unnoticed and result in short or long-term implications for calf health and performance. A prolonged or assisted delivery may increase birth stress in calves causing a variety of effects including injury, inflammation, hypoxia, acidosis, pain and an inability to maintain homeostasis. Each of these effects can further contribute to a reduced state of vitality in the newborn calf. Newborn vitality is essential to the health, survival and welfare of the calf. If the calf is not vital at birth, it may be unwilling or unable to get up and suckle colostrum in a timely manner. Early colostrum intake improves passive transfer of immunoglobulins, energy uptake and thermoregulation. Intervention may be required to assist these calves such as respiratory and thermal support, manual feeding of colostrum or the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to aid health and long-term survival. However, more research is needed to determine ways in which newborn calf vitality can be assessed and improved in order to reduce the increased risk of morbidity and mortality and long-term effects on performance. PMID:23932652

Murray, Christine F; Leslie, Ken E

2013-11-01

451

Quantification of vital adherent Streptococcus sanguinis cells on protein-coated titanium after disinfectant treatment.  

PubMed

The quantification of vital adherent bacteria is challenging, especially when efficacy of antimicrobial agents is to be evaluated. In this study three different methods were compared in order to quantify vital adherent Streptococcus sanguinis cells after exposure to disinfectants. An anaerobic flow chamber model accomplished initial adhesion of S. sanguinis on protein-coated titanium. Effects of chlorhexidine, Betadine®, Octenidol®, and ProntOral® were assessed by quantifying vital cells using Live/Dead BacLight™, conventional culturing and isothermal microcalorimetry (IMC). Results were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance. Live/dead staining revealed highest vital cell counts (P < 0.05) and demonstrated dose-dependent effect for all disinfectants. Microcalorimetry showed time-delayed heat flow peaks that were proportioned to the remaining number of viable cells. Over 48 h there was no difference in total heat between treated and untreated samples (P > 0.05), indicating equivalent numbers of bacteria were created and disinfectants delayed growth but did not eliminate it. In conclusion, contrary to culturing, live/dead staining enables detection of cells that may be viable but non-cultivable. Microcalorimetry allows unique evaluation of relative disinfectant effects by quantifying differences in time delay of regrowth of remaining vital cells. PMID:21670995

Astasov-Frauenhoffer, Monika; Braissant, Olivier; Hauser-Gerspach, Irmgard; Daniels, A U; Wirz, Dieter; Weiger, Roland; Waltimo, Tuomas

2011-09-01

452

Reinventing vital statistics. The impact of changes in information technology, welfare policy, and health care.  

PubMed Central

Vital statistics offers a case study in the potential of new information technology and reengineering to achieve better public sector performance. New technology--notably the shift from a paper to an electronic process for recording vital events and transmitting the data to public agencies--is creating opportunities to produce more timely, accurate, and useful information. The furthest advanced innovation is the electronic birth certificate. At the same time, changes in welfare policy and health care--including efforts to establish paternity at the time of birth and to improve health care outcomes--are creating pressures for more policy-relevant data about vital events. In addition, the rise of integrated health plans and health information networks is radically altering the organizational context of vital statistics. On the basis of a State-by-State survey of vital statistics officials, the authors estimate that at the end of 1994, 58 percent of all births in the United States were being recorded on an electronic birth certificate and communicated to a public agency electronically. Nearly all respondents reported that the electronic birth certificate brought improvements in both timeliness and accuracy of data. Achieving the full promise of the new technology, however, will require more fundamental changes in institutions and policies and a reconceptualization of the birth certificate as part of a broader perinatal information system. Images p537-a PMID:7480607

Starr, P; Starr, S

1995-01-01

453

Predicting subjective vitality and performance in sports: the role of passion and achievement goals.  

PubMed

The major purpose of this study was to test the hypothesized paths from dualistic passions through achievement goals to subjective vitality and performance in sports. 645 high school athletes participated. The proposed structural equation model, with relationships between dualistic passions and subjective vitality and sports performance mediated by achievement goals, fit the data well, especially for mastery-approach and performance-approach goals. Harmonious and obsessive passions may lead athletes to high performance via the adoption of mastery-approach goals. However, these passions seem to have two paths influencing personal functioning: direct effects make players feel energetic, and indirect effects on subjective vitality through adoption of mastery-approach and performance-approach goals. PMID:20865990

Li, Chiung-Huang

2010-06-01

454

Making Dictionaries of Technical Signs: from Paper and Glue through SW-DOS to SignBank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching mathematics and physics in upper secondary school for the deaf since 1975, this author has felt the need to collect signs for the various concepts. In the beginning illustration of signs were pasted into a booklet. Then SignWriting appeared, and signs were hand-written and later typed into the booklet. With the 3.1 version of SignWriter, the dictionary program appeared,

Ingvild Roald

455

DC-SIGN: Binding receptor for HCV?  

Microsoft Academic Search

DC-SIGN, a dendritic Cell-specific adhesion receptor and a type II transmembrane mannose-binding C-type lectin, is very important in the function of DC, both in mediating naive T cell interactions through ICAM-3 and as a rolling receptor that mediates the DC-specific ICAM-2-dependent migration processes. It can be used by viral and bacterial pathogens including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), HCV, Ebola Virus,

Zhi-Hua Feng; Quan-Chu Wang; Qing-He Nie; Zhan-Sheng Jia; Yong-Xin Zhou

2004-01-01

456

Stylistic features in American sign language literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

American Deaf culture intergenerationally transmits a rich heritage of traditions through American Sign Language (ASL). Deaf culture is clearly an oral—or, more accurately, manual—culture in that ASL does not exist in writing; it is also, however, a “literate” culture in that it is now producing a body of literature that is both single?authored and preserved in permanent form on videotape.

Heidi M. Rose

1994-01-01

457

Dynamic lane assignment using fiberoptic signing  

E-print Network

identified as being a possible source of confusion to the driver, which would effectively reduce the overall efficiency of the sign in providing information to the driver. An inverse relationship between legibility and target value was identified.... Central Vision - vision associated with the fovea of the eye. Central vision corresponds to the portion of the visual field within approximately 2 degrees of the line of sight (I't ). Color distinctions and sharp images are associated with central...

Gisler, Wayne Lee

2012-06-07

458

Laboratory 11 Control Systems Laboratory ECE3557 Laboratory 11  

E-print Network

Laboratory 11 Control Systems Laboratory ECE3557 Laboratory 11 State Feedback Controller of the combined system (i.e., servomotor and flexible joint) introduced in the Laboratory 8 (refer to [1 of the flexible joint: Page 1 of 7 #12;Laboratory 11 Control Systems Laboratory ECE3557 · : motor shaft position

459

[Signs of the zodiac and personality].  

PubMed

3074 young men resident in the canton of Zurich, representing 50% of the 19 year old male population, form the fully representative sample of our large scale investigation. We investigated whether personality traits measured by means of the differentiated "Freiburger personality inventory" (FPI) could in any way be correlated to the signs of the zodiac under which the young men were born. The statistical analysis did not reveal any correlation between signs of the zodiac and personality. The claim made by astrologers that people can be characterized according to their sign of the zodiac (sagitarius, taurus, cancer, scorpion) must be refuted. Of course the astrologically founded description of human personality does not base itself on the position of the sun only, however the latter does form a very essential part of the astrological evaluation of people. This, at any rate has been shown to be without any scientific basis. The fact that astrological evaluation of human personality is so popular nowadays can be explained by the fact that even modern people are inclined towards magical thinking. PMID:969917

Angst, J; Scheidegger, P

1976-01-01

460

Sign Language Aphasia from a Neurodegenerative Disease  

PubMed Central

While Alois Alzheimer recognized the effects of the disease he described on speech and language in his original description of the disease in 1907, the effects of Alzheimer disease on language in deaf signers has not previously been reported. We evaluated a 55 year old right handed congenitally deaf woman with a two year history of progressive memory loss and a deterioration of her ability to communicate in American Sign Language, which she learned at the age of eight. Examination revealed that she had impaired episodic memory as well as marked impairments in the production and comprehension of fingerspelling and grammatically complex sentences. She also had signs of anomia as well as an ideomotor apraxia and visual-spatial dysfunction. This report illustrates the challenges in evaluation of a patient for the presence of degenerative dementia when the person is deaf from birth, uses sign language, and has a late age of primary language acquisition. Although our patient could neither speak nor hear, in many respects her cognitive disorders mirror those of patients with Alzheimer disease who had normally learned to speak. PMID:22823942

Falchook, Adam D.; Mayberry, Rachel I.; Poizner, Howard; Burtis, David Brandon; Doty, Leilani; Heilman, Kenneth M.

2012-01-01

461

Students' Assessment of Interactive Distance Experimentation in Nuclear Reactor Physics Laboratory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory experiments develop students' skills in dealing with laboratory instruments and physical processes with the objective of reinforcing the understanding of the investigated subject. In nuclear engineering, where research reactors play a vital role in the practical education of students, the high cost and long construction time of…

Malkawi, Salaheddin; Al-Araidah, Omar

2013-01-01

462

Estimation of recognition distances for static symbolic highway warning signs  

E-print Network

Ranking among Participants 6 Ranking Comparison of Recognition Distance (RD) and FOM . . Page . . . 21 22 . . 26 28 7 Ranhngs of FOM and Zwahlen (1991) Recognition Distance (RD) Study. . . . . 32 8 Rankings of FOM and Paniati (1988) Recognition... Spreadsheet for Sign W7-1 FOM Calculation Spreadsheet for Sign W8-3a FOM Calculation Spreadsheet for Sign Wg-5 . FOM Calculation Spreadsheet for Sign W10-2 FOM Calculation Spreadsheet for Sign W10-3 . FOM Calculation Spreadsheet for Sign W10-4 FOM...

Bowen, Charles Kent

2012-06-07

463

Underestimates of unintentional firearm fatalities: comparing Supplementary Homicide Report data with the National Vital Statistics System  

PubMed Central

Objective: A growing body of evidence suggests that the nation's vital statistics system undercounts unintentional firearm deaths that are not self inflicted. This issue was examined by comparing how unintentional firearm injuries identified in police Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) data were coded in the National Vital Statistics System. Methods: National Vital Statistics System data are based on death certificates and divide firearm fatalities into six subcategories: homicide, suicide, accident, legal intervention, war operations, and undetermined. SHRs are completed by local police departments as part of the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports program. The SHR divides homicides into two categories: "murder and non-negligent manslaughter" (type A) and "negligent manslaughter" (type B). Type B shooting deaths are those that are inflicted by another person and that a police investigation determined were inflicted unintentionally, as in a child killing a playmate after mistaking a gun for a toy. In 1997, the SHR classified 168 shooting victims this way. Using probabilistic matching, 140 of these victims were linked to their death certificate records. Results: Among the 140 linked cases, 75% were recorded on the death certificate as homicides and only 23% as accidents. Conclusion: Official data from the National Vital Statistics System almost certainly undercount firearm accidents when the victim is shot by another person. PMID:12226128

Barber, C; Hemenway, D; Hochstadt, J; Azrael, D

2002-01-01

464

Relationships, Variety & Synergy: The Vital Ingredients for Scholarship in Engineering Education? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins with the argument that within modern-day society, engineering has shifted from being the scientific and technical mainstay of industrial, and more recently digital change to become the most vital driver of future advancement. In order to meet the inevitable challenges resulting from this role, the nature of engineering education…

Clark, Robin; Andrews, Jane

2014-01-01

465

Relationship of Cardiovascular Disease to Stress and Vital Exhaustion in an Urban, Midwestern Police Department  

PubMed Central

This study explored risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among 336 officers of a Midwestern police force. Instruments used included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Maastricht Questionnaire (measuring vital exhaustion), and a general Health Risk Appraisal. Rates of CVD, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were 3%, 28%, and 43%, respectively. The relative risk of hypercholesterolemia for male officers, compared to female officers, was 1.98 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10 to 3.56). The officers’ average body mass index was 28.6 (SD = 4.9), with 80% being overweight or obese. The average vital exhaustion score was higher for female officers than male officers (p < .05). Bivariate relationships of CVD with perceived stress, vital exhaustion, and age were statistically significant (p < .05). When controlling for age, odds ratios were 1.20 (95% CI, 1.03 to 1.39; p < .05) for perceived stress and 1.31 (95% CI, 1.12 to 1.53; p < .01) for vital exhaustion. PMID:21534494

Ramey, Sandra L.; Perkhounkova, Yelena; Downing, Nancy R.; Culp, Kennith R.

2011-01-01

466

The Search for Definitions: The Vitality of Politics and the Issue of Corruption.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to reconcile classical and modern ways of thinking about corruption by emphasizing the connection between the idea of corruption and the vitality of the political process. Discusses the differences between behavior-specific conceptions of corruption and those emphasizing social and political processes. (MJP)

Johnston, Michael

1996-01-01

467

Demographic vital rates determine the performance advantage of crop-wild hybrids in lettuce  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Hybridization seems possible for many crop species after pollen transfer from crops to wild relatives in the surrounding vegetation. Subsequent introgression of crop-specific traits into wild relatives could lead to invasive introgressants. This process has become a public concern following the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops. Until now, few studies have used demographic vital rates to compare the

D. A. P. Hooftman; J. G. B. Oostermeijer; M. Jacobs; Nijs den J. C. M

2005-01-01

468

South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Autistic kids love water, which makes safety sessions vital  

E-print Network

South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Autistic kids love water, which makes safety sessions vital By Nick. Instructors here must go through an extra layer of certification to work with special-needs children. And kids side, kids with autism have a special interest with water," he said. A National Autism Association poll

Belogay, Eugene A.

469

Bilateral femoral artery compression as a technique to increase vital organ perfusion during intraoperative hypotension.  

PubMed

Intraoperative hypotension is associated with adverse outcomes. The preferred treatment for intraoperative hypotension is to address its cause. In the interim the blood pressure can be supported by the anesthesia team with volume resuscitation and vasopressors. Additionally, preferential perfusion of vital organs, such as the myocardium and cerebrum, at the expense of non-vital vascular beds, such as the extremities, is desirable. In the state of shock, the flight or fight response will ensure perfusion of the extremities in order to prepare the organism for a physical confrontation. However, in the context of intraoperative hypotension this response is counter-productive. Therefore we propose bilateral femoral artery compression as a new technique to increase vital organ perfusion during intraoperative hypotension. This results in shunting of blood flow from the legs and towards the vital organs. Bilateral femoral artery compression can be employed by the surgical team to immediately improve blood pressure until other counter-measures against intraoperative hypotension take effect. PMID:24746515

Rajab, Taufiek Konrad; Schmitto, Jan Dieter

2014-07-01

470

The Vitality of American Catholic Higher Education Today: The Literature of the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the existence of vitality in American Catholic higher education by showing that scholars are serious about research, literature, and teaching to serve their God and society. A selective bibliography lists an estimated 150 books, articles, and doctoral dissertations from 1987 to 1994. A list of relevant organizations and their serial…

Karetzky, Stephen

1995-01-01

471

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Vitale, Tommaso  

E-print Network

How Political Culture Changes: Catholic Activism and the Secular Left in Italian Peace Movements;Explaining How Political Culture Changes: Catholic Activism and the Secular Left in Italian Peace Movements and Vitale, Tommaso(2009)'Explaining How Political Culture Changes: Catholic Activism and the Secular Left

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

472

Vitality and the course of limitations in activities in osteoarthritis of the hip or knee  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of the study was to determine whether psychological and social factors predict the course of limitations in activities in elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee, in addition to established somatic and cognitive risk factors. Methods A longitudinal cohort study with a follow-up period of three years was conducted. Patients (N = 237) with hip or knee osteoarthritis were recruited from rehabilitation centers and hospitals. Body functions, comorbidity, cognitive functioning, limitations in activities and psychological and social factors (mental health, vitality, pain coping and perceived social support) were assessed. Statistical analyses included univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Psychological and social factors were added to a previously developed model with body functions, comorbidity and cognitive functioning. Results In knee OA, low vitality has a negative impact on the course of self-reported and performance-based limitations in activities, after controlling for somatic and cognitive factors. In hip OA, psychological and social factors had no additional contribution to the model. Conclusion Low vitality predicts deterioration of limitations in activities in elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, in addition to established somatic and cognitive risk factors. However, the contribution of vitality is relatively small. Results of this study are relevant for the group of patients with knee or hip OA, attending hospitals and rehabilitation centers. PMID:22111943

2011-01-01

473

Assessment of work ability and vitality—a study of teachers of different age groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was performed to analyse work ability and vitality of teachers of different age groups (group 1: <45 years, group 2: ?45 years) working at comprehensive secondary schools. Particularly, we were interested in detecting factors influencing work ability. 100 female teachers were included in this analysis. A multidisciplinary approach was applied, including life style analysis, work anamnesis, work ability

Gabriele Freude; Reingard Seibt; Eberhard Pech; Peter Ullsperger

2005-01-01

474

Water: A Vital Resource. Environmental Education Supplementary Instructional Guide. Sixth Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Water related activities for sixth-grade students are presented as one possible way to incorporate environmental education into the existing curriculum of Hawaii schools. Designed as an interdisciplinary approach, the activities integrate numerous thematic and subject areas to teach that fresh water is a limited but vital natural resource. Topics…

Young, Donald B.; And Others

475

The Value of Adopting Multiple Approaches and Methodologies in the Investigation of Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of "Ethnolinguistic Vitality" (EV) has received variable acceptance and support since its introduction by Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor. It has especially proven to be a valuable heuristic in studies of language maintenance and shift. However, the reliability and validity of the instruments used to investigate EV, especially…

McEntee-Atalianis, Lisa J.

2011-01-01

476

Un diagnostic vitalLe paludisme peut provoquer la mort, mais il est possible  

E-print Network

Un diagnostic vitalLe paludisme peut provoquer la mort, mais il est possible d'en guérir si la espèce peut provoquer un coma, des convulsions, des problèmes respiratoires ou une anémie. La mort peut

477

Translating Basic Science into Commercial Opportunities the vitality of thought is in adventure  

E-print Network

Translating Basic Science into Commercial Opportunities the vitality of thought is in adventure #12 by utilizing the vast intellectual and physical resources of Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National universities participate in the translation of basic science into life enhancing technologies. We ask for your

Ge, Qiaode Jeff

478

Evaluation of Efficacy of a Pulse Oximeter to Assess Pulp Vitality  

PubMed Central

Background: To evaluate the efficacy of pulse oximeter as a pulp vitality tester. Materials and Methods: The sample group consisted of 60 patients of age 15 to 30 years with normal maxillary anterior teeth. Thirty nonvital teeth with complete endodontic fillings were tested as control group. Systemic oxygen saturation values from the patient’s fingers served as the control sample for comparison of pulp oxygen saturation values. Readings were recorded on index fingers first; teeth were then evaluated by placing sensor onto the tooth. Results: Nonvital teeth recorded oxygen saturation values of 0%. The mean value for central incisor was 85.11 (SD ± 2.07), for lateral incisors 80.21 (SD ± 2.03) and for canines 89.55 (SD ± 1.09). Their control values (patient’s index fingers) averaged 95.88% (SD ± 0.66). Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a correlation of 0.11 for central incisors, 0.19 for lateral incisors and 0.12 for canines. Conclusion: This study confirms that pulse oximeter is effective equipment for pulp vitality testing. Pulse oximeter evidences the actual method of evaluating the pulp vitality compared to contemporary methods. How to cite the article: Sadique M, Ravi SV, Thomas K, Dhanapal P, Simon EP, Shaheen M. Evaluation of efficacy of a pulse oximeter to assess pulp vitality. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(3):70-2. PMID:25083036

Sadique, Mohammed; Ravi, S V; Thomas, Kunjamma; Dhanapal, Prasanth; Simon, Elsy P; Shaheen, Mohammed

2014-01-01

479

Wetlands and Fish: A Vital Connection 2 What is a Wetland? 3  

E-print Network

#12;Wetlands and Fish: A Vital Connection 2 What is a Wetland? 3 Are Wetlands Important? 4 Wetlands and their Surroundings 5 Wetlands in the U.S. Caribbean Region 6 Distribution 6 Common Wetland Types 7 Saltwater wetlands 7 Freshwater wetlands 7 Wetland Loss and Consequences 9 Fish Need Wetlands 10 Wetlands as Habitat 10

480

Intracoronal bleaching of discolored non-vital teeth using laser irradiation: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dissemination of blood into the dentinal tubules caused by pulp extirpation or traumatically induced internal pulp bleeding is a possible cause of discoloration of non-vital teeth. Discolored teeth, especially in the anterior region, can result in considerable cosmetic impairment. The whitening of these teeth is an alternative therapeutic method that is relatively non-invasive and conserves dental hard tissue. Recently, intracoronal

Melissa A. Marchesan; Fabiana C. de Castro; Alexandre T. Matarazzo; Jesus D. Pecora; Fatima A. Zanin; Aldo Brugnera Jr.

2004-01-01

481

Vital rate sensitivity analysis as a tool for assessing management actions for the desert tortoise  

E-print Network

Elasticity Turtle Head-starting Translocation a b s t r a c t Sensitivity analyses of population growth the question of what actions would be most effective. We com- pared 13 management alternatives using a vital the same effect as releasing juveniles, but differences among adult age classes were trivial. A single

Reed, Michael

482

Regional Security in the Gulf of Guinea; A Vital Interest of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, the Gulf of Guinea region of Africa has become a vital interest of the United States. The United States will import up to 25% of its oil from this region within the next 10 years and may be willing to conduct a military intervention to pr...

C. M. Guinan

2010-01-01

483

Contributions of vital rates to growth of a protected population of American black bears  

E-print Network

have evaluated such contributions of vital rates to l for American black bears (Ursus americanus). We are consistent with predictions from studies on polar bears (U. maritimus) and grizzly bears (U. arctos Carolina, population growth rate, population modeling, sensitivity, Southern Appalachians, Ursus americanus

Mitchell, Mike

484

Sick and tired: does sleep have a vital role in the immune system?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a common belief that we are more susceptible to infections when deprived of sleep. Consistent with this, there is increasing evidence that sleep deprivation has detrimental effects on the immune response, indicating that sleep should be considered a vital part of the immune system and that there is a reciprocal relationship between sleep and immunity. This relationship is

Penelope A. Bryant; John Trinder; Nigel Curtis

2004-01-01

485

Added Sugars Displaced the Use of Vital Nutrients in the National Food Stamp Program Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent increases in consumption of added sugars in the US can reduce intake of vital nutrients and increase the overall energy intakes. A comprehensive framework is necessary for addressing the controversy surrounding the effects of added sugars on nutrient intakes while controlling for dietary knowledge, behavioral factors, and total energy intakes, especially among low-income households. This paper analyzed the proximate

Alok Bhargava; Aliaksandr Amialchuk

486

Making Education Relevant to Vital Social Change: The Higher Learning and Our National Destiny.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It now seems clear that the decade of the seventies will be a new era of vital social change during which the US will be forced to come to grips with the issues of war, poverty, and racism. Today's student unrest already indicates that a new order is emerging. Moderates seek change through reform and militants seek it through revolution, but both…

Cheek, James E.

487

Simulation laboratory for evaluating dynamic traffic management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simulation laboratory for performance evaluation and design refinement of dynamic traffic management systems. The laboratory consists of four integrated components: (1) a traffic management simulator, which mimics the generation of route guidance and operations of traffic signals and signs; (2) a traffic flow simulator, which models individual vehicle movements and drivers` route choice decisions in the

M. E. Ban-Akiva; R. G. Mishalani; Q. Yang; H. N. Koutsopoulos

1997-01-01

488

Cleanup at Los Alamos National Laboratory - the challenges - 9493  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of environmental cleanup at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and some of the unique aspects and challenges. Cleanup of the 65-year old Department of Energy Laboratory is being conducted under a RCRA Consent Order with the State of New Mexico. This agreement is one of the most recent cleanup agreements signed in the DOE

Susan G Stiger; Kenneth M Hargis; Michael J Graham; George J Rael

2008-01-01

489

Appalachian Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Frostburg, Maryland, AL conducts research in aquatic ecology, landscape and watershed ecology, conservation biology and restoration ecology, behavioral and evolutionary ecology, and study both freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems of Maryland and other locations in the United States and the world. Site contains information regarding the facilities, faculty, on going research, education opportunities, and seminars. Also features information on the other UMCES laboratories.

490

Appalachian Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Frostburg, Maryland, AL conducts research in aquatic ecology, landscape and watershed ecology, conservation biology and restoration ecology, behavioral and evolutionary ecology, and study both freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems of Maryland and other locations in the United States and the world. Site contains information regarding the facilities, faculty, on going research, education opportunities, and seminars. Also features information on the other UMCES laboratories.

2011-06-14

491

BROOKHAVEN LABORATORY  

E-print Network

, and decision-making processes. We will endeavor to support parents in their critical role. 2. Children develop that stimulates academic/cognitive growth, language, social-emotional development and physical developmentBROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Child Development Center Parent Handbook Revised 2009

Ohta, Shigemi

492

Laboratory Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for flexibility in science research facilities is discussed, with emphasis on the effect of that need on the design of laboratories. The relationship of office space, bench space, and special equipment areas, and the location and distribution of piping and air conditioning, are considered particularly important. This building type study…

Barnett, Jonathan

493

Driver distraction and performance effects of highway logo sign design.  

PubMed

Driver distraction and safety concerns have been identified for new highway logo sign configurations. This study assessed driver perception of logo signs and distraction under nine-panel, overflow-combination, or standard six-panel formats. A nine-panel sign has nine business panels within a single sign; a six-panel sign has six panels within a sign; an overflow-combination consists of a standard six-panel sign and a six-panel sign displaying two different services (e.g., food and gas). In this study, twenty-four participants searched for target food business logos while driving in a high-fidelity driving simulation under each signage condition. Gas and lodging signs were also displayed along the road in conventional six-panel formats. Dependent variables included signal detection, visual attention allocation, and vehicle control measures. Experiment results showed nine-panel signs drew greater visual attention and produced lower average speed than overflow-combination signs, and produced a lower speeding percentage compared to six-panel signs. However, there was no evidence the new configurations (nine-panel and overflow) caused substantive performance changes with safety implications. This study suggested the use of nine-panel and overflow-combination logo signs may be suitable for interchanges where there are more than six qualifying businesses in a category in terms of driver performance and safety. PMID:23141432

Zhang, Yu; Harris, Elizabeth; Rogers, Meghan; Kaber, David; Hummer, Joseph; Rasdorf, William; Hu, Jia

2013-05-01

494

Laboratory Directed Research and Development annual report, fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Order 413.2(a) establishes DOE`s policy and guidelines regarding Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) at its multiprogram laboratories. As described in 413.2, LDRD is research and development of a creative and innovative nature which is selected by the Laboratory Director or his or her designee, for the purpose of maintaining the scientific and technological vitality of the Laboratory and to respond to scientific and technological opportunities in conformance with the guidelines in this Order. DOE Order 413.2 requires that each laboratory submit an annual report on its LDRD activities to the cognizant Secretarial Officer through the appropriate Operations Office Manager. The report provided in this document represents Pacific Northwest National Laboratory`s LDRD report for FY 1997.

NONE

1998-03-01

495

Stroke awareness in the general population: knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs in older adults  

PubMed Central

Background Stroke is a leading cause of death and functional impairment. While older people are particularly vulnerable to stroke, research suggests that they have the poorest awareness of stroke warning signs and risk factors. This study examined knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors among community-dwelling older adults. Methods Randomly selected community-dwelling older people (aged 65+) in Ireland (n = 2,033; 68% response rate). Participants completed home interviews. Questions assessed knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors, and personal risk factors for stroke. Results Of the overall sample, 6% had previously experienced a stroke or transient ischaemic attack. When asked to identify stroke risk factors from a provided list, less than half of the overall sample identified established risk factors (e.g., smoking, hypercholesterolaemia), hypertension being the only exception (identified by 74%). Similarly, less than half identified established warning signs (e.g., weakness, headache), with slurred speech (54%) as the exception. Overall, there were considerable gaps in awareness with poorest levels evident in those with primary level education only and in those living in Northern Ireland (compared with Republic of Ireland). Conclusion Knowledge deficits in this study suggest that most of the common early symptoms or signs of stroke were recognized as such by less than half of the older adults surveyed. As such, many older adults may not recognise early symptoms of stroke in themselves or others. Thus, they may lose vital time in presenting for medical attention. Lack of public awareness about stroke warning signs and risk factors must be addressed as one important contribution to reducing mortality and morbidity from stroke. PMID:19656359

Hickey, Anne; O'Hanlon, Ann; McGee, Hannah; Donnellan, Claire; Shelley, Emer; Horgan, Frances; O'Neill, Desmond

2009-01-01

496

Facial Expressions, Emotions, and Sign Languages  

PubMed Central

Facial expressions are used by humans to convey various types of meaning in various contexts. The range of meanings spans basic possibly innate socio-emotional concepts such as “surprise” to complex and culture specific concepts such as “carelessly.” The range of contexts in which humans use facial expressions spans responses to events in the environment to particular linguistic constructions within sign languages. In this mini review we summarize findings on the use and acquisition of facial expressions by signers and present a unified account of the range of facial expressions used by referring to three dimensions on which facial expressions vary: semantic, compositional, and iconic. PMID:23482994

Elliott, Eeva A.; Jacobs, Arthur M.

2013-01-01

497

Back-to-work bill signed.  

PubMed

President Clinton signed the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act in December. The law could make it possible for people with AIDS to go back to work without fear of losing their Medicaid or Medicare coverage. States will have the option of offering a Medicaid buy-in plan for workers with disabilities. There are also funding incentives for the States to begin such programs and for developing programs for people whose disability is not so severe that they cannot work. PMID:11367217

2000-01-21

498

Reversed halo sign: a systematic review.  

PubMed

A reversed halo sign (RHS) is defined as the presence of a focal ring-shaped area of ground-glass opacity within a peripheral rim of consolidation. Although originally described in patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, it has been described with several other noninfectious and infectious diseases, including fungal infections. Thus, it is imperative that a proper diagnosis be established before initiating treatment. In this article, we systematically review the literature (PubMed and Embase) for the associations of the RHS. We have also proposed a diagnostic algorithm for an approach to a patient with an RHS. PMID:24782557

Maturu, Venkata N; Agarwal, Ritesh

2014-09-01

499

PET: [number sign]1 is number one  

SciTech Connect

Subsidized in the beginning by bottle deposits, now spurred by the ability of curbside recycling to collect more than soda bottles, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) recycling has made great strides in the last 10 years. Its growth rate and increased market demand are the envy of many other materials. Appropriate, if not deliberately, this number-one resin is listed under the Society for the Plastics Industry's resin identification code as [number sign]1. Unlike most recyclables, the market demand for recycled PET is greater than the supply. As a result, demand not supply, is fueling the increase in PET recycling.

Miller, C.

1994-09-01

500

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia?  

MedlinePLUS

... What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia? The signs and symptoms of sickle cell ... who have sickle cell anemia. Complications of Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell crises can affect many parts ...