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1

CDC Vital Signs: Binge Drinking  

MedlinePLUS

... Drinking Vital Signs Web Feature Motor Vehicle Safety: Impaired_Driving Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders website On Other Web ... Guide: Preventing Excessive Alcohol Consumption MedlinePlus - Alcohol MedlinePlus – Impaired Driving MedlinePlus – Alcoholism Back to Top Email page link ...

2

The reliability of vital sign measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: Vital sign measurements, specifically heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure, play a fundamental role in many medical evaluations, yet little is known about the reliability of noninvasive vital sign measurements. We sought to determine whether trained observers can reproducibly assess vital signs in the clinical setting. Methods: Two trained observers independently measured vital signs on 140 patients

Zachary V. Edmonds; William R. Mower; Luis M. Lovato; Rosaelva Lomeli

2002-01-01

3

An instruments-built Doppler radar for sensing vital signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we presented a fast solution to construct a Doppler radar system used for detecting vital signs by non-contact means. The radar system is constructed by instruments which are widely used and equipped in radio frequency and communication laboratories. Therefore, this work demonstrates the feasibility to conduct research on vital sign detection in ordinary radio frequency laboratories, while

Changzhan Gu; Jiang Long; Jiangtao Huangfu; S. Qiao; W. Z. Cui; W. Ma; Lixin Ran

2008-01-01

4

Pediatric vital signs: recording methods and interpretations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recording pediatric vital signs can be an important part oF the physical and emotional evaluation o( the child dental patient. These records are accomplished easily iF the practitioner understands the methods of recording, the normal standards, and the common causes o( abnormal vital signs. This paper contains methods For measuring blood pressure, pulse, temperature, and respiratory rate in children and

Douglas J. Macko

1984-01-01

5

Effect of vital signs on triage decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study Objective: We sought to determine whether knowledge of vital signs changes nurse triage designations (TDs). We also sought to determine whether patient age and ability to communicate modify the effect of vital signs on triage decisions. Methods: We performed a prospective observational study, in 24 emergency departments, of nurse-assigned TDs of all ED patients undergoing triage. Nurses performed their

Richelle J. Cooper; David L. Schriger; Heather L. Flaherty; Edward J. Lin; Kelly A. Hubbell

2002-01-01

6

Eliminating errors in vital signs documentation.  

PubMed

This study compared two methods of documenting vital signs: a traditional method where staff wrote vital signs on paper then keyed into an electronic medical record and a wireless system that downloaded vital signs directly into an electronic medical record. The study design was pretest and posttest. Sixty-four sets of vital signs were evaluated prior to the implementation of a wireless download system and 66 sets of vital signs were evaluated after. To compare the error rates for the two methods, ? tests were used, and t tests were used to compare the elapsed time. Questionnaires relating to the clinicians' experiences were analyzed qualitatively. The paper vital signs recording had an error rate of 18.75% and the wireless system has an error rate of 0% (P < .001). The mean (SD) elapsed time from when the vital signs were taken until they were available in the electronic medical record was 38.53 (32.87) minutes for the paper method and 5.06 (6.59) minutes for the wireless method (P < .001). The electronic vital signs documentation system resulted in significantly fewer errors and shorter elapsed time when compared with the paper system. PMID:24080751

Fieler, Vickie K; Jaglowski, Thomas; Richards, Karen

2013-09-01

7

CDC Vital Signs: Drinking and Driving  

MedlinePLUS

... interlocks prevent drivers who were convicted of alcohol-impaired driving from operating their vehicles if they have been ... Clips Related Pages Vital Signs Issue details: Alcohol-Impaired Driving Among Adults — United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality ...

8

Development of a remote vital signs sensor  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the work at Sandia National Laboratories to develop sensors that remotely detect unique life-form characteristics, such as breathing patterns or heartbeat patterns. This paper will address the Technical Support Working Group`s (TSWG) objective: to develop a remote vital signs detector which can be used to assess someone`s malevolent intent. The basic concept of operations for the projects, system development issues, and the preliminary results for a radar device currently in-house and the implications for implementation are described. A survey that identified the in-house technology currently being evaluated is reviewed, as well as ideas for other potential technologies to explore. A radar unit for breathing and heartbeat detection is being tested, and the applicability of infrared technology is being explored. The desire for rapid prototyping is driving the need for off-the-shelf technology. As a conclusion, current status and future directions of the effort are reviewed.

Ladd, M.D.; Pacheco, M.S.; Rivas, R.R.

1997-06-01

9

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Smoking among People with Mental Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease & Stroke - NEW! About Vital Signs Vital Signs Social Media Other Vital Signs Issues Related Links Download this ... Introduction Problem What Can Be Done Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 1 in 3 More than ...

10

CDC Vital Signs: Adult Smoking in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease & Stroke - NEW! About Vital Signs Vital Signs Social Media Other Vital Signs Issues Related Links Download this ... Be Done Science Behind this Issue Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 1 in 5 Nearly 1 ...

11

Algorithmic tools for interpreting vital signs.  

PubMed

Today's complex world of nursing practice challenges nurse educators to develop teaching methods that promote critical thinking skills and foster quick problem solving in the novice nurse. Traditional pedagogies previously used in the classroom and clinical setting are no longer adequate to prepare nursing students for entry into practice. In addition, educators have expressed frustration when encouraging students to apply newly learned theoretical content to direct the care of assigned patients in the clinical setting. This article presents algorithms as an innovative teaching strategy to guide novice student nurses in the interpretation and decision making related to vital sign assessment in an acute care setting. PMID:19634265

Rathbun, Melina C; Ruth-Sahd, Lisa A

2009-07-01

12

Wearable system for vital signs monitoring.  

PubMed

A new concept in healthcare, aimed at providing continuous remote monitoring of user's vital signs, is emerging. An innovative system named WEALTHY is presented, where conducting and piezoresistive materials in the form of fiber and yarn are integrated and used as sensor and electrode elements. The simultaneous recording of vital signs allows parameter extrapolation and inter-signal elaboration that contribute to producing alert messages and synoptic patient tables. Cardiac patients in the rehabilitation phase can be continuously monitored during selected time intervals, such as during physical activity or occurrence of symptoms, to discover potential threats and generate appropriate alerts to the patient and/or to an emergency center. The core of the system sensing is a textile interface, in which the sensing components are elements of the fabric: the sensorized garment is comfortable like a common article of clothing and is made with knitting machines; furthermore, the position of the electrodes and sensors is fixed and the elasticity of the fabric allows a good fitting to the body. The system is provided with a portable electronic unit, where signals are acquired, elaborated and transmitted. A monitoring system allows extrapolation of a new physiological index and data flow coordination as well as alarm management and database creation. PMID:15718653

Paradiso, Rita; Loriga, Gianni; Taccini, Nicola

2004-01-01

13

Orthostatic Vital Signs in Healthy, Young Male Marines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Orthostatic vital signs (commonly called tilts or postural vital signs) are routinely performed in emergency and ambulatory care settings. Emergency nursing and medicine texts advocate using this simple, non-invasive test to identify dehydration or other ...

M. I. Greenwood

1997-01-01

14

Detecting Vital Signs with Wearable Wireless Sensors  

PubMed Central

The emergence of wireless technologies and advancements in on-body sensor design can enable change in the conventional health-care system, replacing it with wearable health-care systems, centred on the individual. Wearable monitoring systems can provide continuous physiological data, as well as better information regarding the general health of individuals. Thus, such vital-sign monitoring systems will reduce health-care costs by disease prevention and enhance the quality of life with disease management. In this paper, recent progress in non-invasive monitoring technologies for chronic disease management is reviewed. In particular, devices and techniques for monitoring blood pressure, blood glucose levels, cardiac activity and respiratory activity are discussed; in addition, on-body propagation issues for multiple sensors are presented.

Yilmaz, Tuba; Foster, Robert; Hao, Yang

2010-01-01

15

Connected care: reducing errors through automated vital signs data upload.  

PubMed

Vital signs are a fundamental component of patient care. Omitted or inaccurately transcribed vital sign data could result in inappropriate, delayed, or missed treatment. A previous baseline study determined that error rates for vital signs captured on plain paper then entered into a paper chart or EMR were 10% and 4.4%, respectively. This study evaluated the impact of automated vital signs captured using a PDA with bar-code technology for patient identification. The PDA enabled the wireless capture and transmission of data directly from the vital sign monitor into the EMR. Researchers reviewed 1514 sets of vital signs collected electronically for accuracy and compared the error rate with data from the previous paper and EMR systems. Automated upload of vital signs directly into an EMR reduced the documentation error rate to less than 1%. This represented a significant reduction in vital sign documentation errors with the use of mobile technology when compared with traditional charting methods (P < .001). The automated vital sign data upload system helped promote a culture of patient safety by greatly reducing documentation error rates. Additional safety benefits may include improved timeliness to vital sign data and clinical work-flow processes. PMID:19726926

Smith, Laura B; Banner, Laura; Lozano, Diego; Olney, Christine M; Friedman, Bruce

16

A non-contact vital signs monitor.  

PubMed

The expansion and contraction of the lungs and heart result in movement of the chest wall that can be detected and monitored to determine respiration and heart rate. A prototype non-contact Vital Signs Monitor (VSM) has been developed which uses very low power, high frequency Doppler radar to detect these motions. Digital signal processing (DSP) techniques, imbedded in the VSM, are used to extract heart and respiration rate information from the resultant waveform. A 10-GHz prototype VSM was developed for the Air Force in the mid-1980s using analog technology. The objective was to assess a fallen soldier's clinical condition at distances up to 100 meters before committing resources to assist that individual. An updated and improved version of the original VSM was developed in 1997. This device was designed to operate at shorter distances, use a higher frequency carrier, and provide more specific heart and respiration rate information using digital signal processing techniques. The VSM radar system is a straightforward homodyne receiver. It operates using frequency modulated continuous wave (FM-CW) transmission, which allows for very low power levels. The safe human power density exposure level at its operating frequency of 35 GHz is 10 mW/cm2. A simple approximation using uniform distribution and an antenna aperture of 2 cm by 3 cm gives a power density at the antenna face of 0.017 mW/cm2, nearly a factor of 1000 below the safe level. When the VSM's antenna is trained on the chest wall of a subject, the VSM is capable of measuring and distinguishing minute movements resulting from the mechanical activity of the heart and lungs. As the subject's chest wall moves, the exact phase of the return signal changes. To avoid the possibility of phase-related dead spots, two signals differing in phase by 90 degrees are used to demodulate the signal to baseband (DC). The two resulting "time-varying DC" signals represent the sine and cosine of a phase angle corresponding to the changing position of the target, in this case the motion of the chest wall. The current VSM operates at a frequency of 35 GHz with a corresponding wavelength of only 8.6 mm. This provides a response sensitive enough to detect the small motions caused by cardiac function. The Vital Signs Monitor has several possible application areas. The fact that it is noncontacting would make it especially attractive for monitoring patients in burn units, NICUs, or trauma centers, where attaching electrodes is either inconvenient or not feasible. Results to date indicate a strong correlation between the cardiac component of the motion signal and an electrocardiogram (ECG). With careful signal processing and analysis, it may be possible to extract clinically useful information about cardiac condition, function, or performance from the surface-motion waveform. This could provide a safe, inexpensive, and painless addition to the diagnostic and monitoring tools currently available to cardiologists. Although there are technical obstacles to overcome in filtering gross motions of the subject, the VSM offers significant advances over conventional methods of measuring heart and respiration rate. PMID:10999382

Matthews, G; Sudduth, B; Burrow, M

2000-01-01

17

The Vital Nature Sign and Oriental Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Yin-Yang theory is an essential principle of the ancient chinese philosophy. This paper discusses some of its properties from the point of view of modern physics and points out its relations to vital bodies.

Zhao, D. L.

18

Representation of Vital Signs in Minimal Parameter Set  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A minimum parameter set for the representation of body vital signs was extracted, in order to reduce the power consumption and improve the communication security of the data transmission in special scenarios such as battlefields and disaster fields. Methods: ECG, RESP, EEG, TEMP and Acceleration signals were investigated, and the accuracies across the different parameter sets of vital signs

Junping Zhao; Lei Wang; Zhanyong Mei; Yanwei Guo

2010-01-01

19

Clinicians' responses to abnormal vital signs in an emergency department  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of observing patient vital signs in emergency department (ED) practice has been stressed in the literature. Failure of clinicians to respond to abnormal vital signs (AVS) has been described as a potential reason for delayed management in ED practice, with a likelihood of increased morbidity. This study aimed to explore and describe clinicians' responses to AVS in a

Janet Scott; C SALTER; L WILKES; O VONUBORICEANU

2006-01-01

20

Vital signs in older patients: age-related changes.  

PubMed

Vital signs are objective measures of physiological function that are used to monitor acute and chronic disease and thus serve as a basic communication tool about patient status. The purpose of this analysis was to review age-related changes of traditional vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate, and temperature) with a focus on age-related molecular changes, organ system changes, systemic changes, and altered compensation to stressors. The review found that numerous physiological and pathological changes may occur with age and alter vital signs. These changes tend to reduce the ability of organ systems to adapt to physiological stressors, particularly in frail older patients. Because of the diversity of age-related physiological changes and comorbidities in an individual, single-point measurements of vital signs have less sensitivity in detecting disease processes. However, serial vital sign assessments may have increased sensitivity, especially when viewed in the context of individualized reference ranges. Vital sign change with age may be subtle because of reduced physiological ranges. However, change from an individual reference range may indicate important warning signs and thus may require additional evaluation to understand potential underlying pathological processes. As a result, individualized reference ranges may provide improved sensitivity in frail, older patients. PMID:21450180

Chester, Jennifer Gonik; Rudolph, James L

2010-10-02

21

Vital Signs Monitoring and Patient Tracking Over a Wireless Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients at a disaster scene can greatly benefit from technologies that continuously monitor their vital status and track their locations until they are admitted to the hospital. We have designed and developed a real-time patient monitoring system that integrates vital signs sensors, location sensors, ad-hoc networking, electronic patient records, and Web portal technology to allow remote monitoring of patient status.

Tia Gao; Dan Greenspan; Matt Welsh; Radford R. Juang; Alm Alex

2005-01-01

22

Vital signs of life on distant worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ozone in a planet's spectrum may indicate the presence of life hi-res Size hi-res: 673 kb Credits: ESA 2001. Illustration by Medialab Ozone in a planet's spectrum may indicate the presence of life Darwin will most probably look for the spectral signature of ozone, which is unlikely to exist in any quantity for any length of time in the atmosphere of a planet that is not home to life. The background image is a view of Earth seen by the Apollo 17 crew as they traveled toward the Moon. The white patch at the bottom is Antarctica. Unobscured by clouds, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula are visible at the top of this image. The large island off the coast of Africa is the Malagasy Republic. Looking for Earth-like planets hi-res Size hi-res: 2106 Kb Credits: ESA 2002. Illustration by Medialab Looking for Earth-like planets Darwin has six telescopes that analyse the atmospheres of Earth-like planets Darwin's flotilla hi-res Size hi-res: 902 Kb Credits: ESA 2002. Illustration by Medialab Darwin's flotilla Darwin's six telescopes, a central view-combining spacecraft, and communication satellite (shown bottom left) Our radio and television broadcasts have been leaking into space since the 1930s, when the first powerful emitters were constructed. However, you can do things the other way around as well. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) has used radio telescopes to listen to the cosmos for similar signals. Nowadays, astrobiologists are pinpointing more subtle signs that all life, not just intelligent life, might radiate into space. They call these telltale signatures 'biomarkers'. When ESA's Darwin mission begins sending back data in the next decade, biomarkers will help indicate whether neighbouring planets are inhabited. If we only used radio waves as markers of life, this would exclude all forms of life that have not yet developed the means to emit radio waves. Life has been around for thousands of millions of years, but human beings have used radio waves for less than a century. Malcolm Fridlund, Project Scientist for ESA's Darwin mission says, "If other planets follow the Earth's pattern, it is much more likely that they will be inhabited by dinosaurs or even bacteria than by something that can count." In the 1970s, the British scientist James Lovelock pointed out that, just by breathing, life affects the composition of the Earth's atmosphere. He suggested looking for similar effects as a way to search with telescopes for life on other planets. You can study the composition of an atmosphere by splitting a planet's light into a rainbow of colours. This 'spectrum' will contain dark lines made by various chemicals in the planet's atmosphere. Darwin's strategy is to look for oxygen because oxygen is used by some life forms and produced as waste by others. Scientists believe that without life, all free oxygen in a planet's atmosphere would disappear within just four million years, because it reacts so easily with other chemicals. "The best estimates suggest that Darwin will be able to detect the build-up of oxygen caused within a few hundred million years of life's origin," says Fridlund. Although Darwin will not detect oxygen directly, it will 'see' ozone, a form of oxygen. It will also see carbon dioxide, water, and, in certain cases, methane. Fridlund says, "The general consensus is that if we find ozone, liquid water, and carbon dioxide simultaneously, it will be a very strong indicator of life's presence." The work will not stop once Darwin completes its survey of the nearest several thousand star-planet systems. Once it finds a living planet, the race will be on to understand the nature of its life forms. That means searching for more specific biomarkers. In future space missions, for example, scientists may use chlorophyll as a biomarker. This molecule allows plants and certain bacteria to use light as an energy source. "Finding the next generation of biomarkers is a very active field of research at the moment," says Fridlund. He can see a future in which space telescope

2003-01-01

23

Special article: universal access to essential vital signs monitoring.  

PubMed

Much more than a telephone, today's mobile device has become an integral part of the way we interface with the world. Mobile devices have the computing capability, display, and battery power to become powerful medical devices that measure vital signs and provide intelligent interpretation or immediate transmission of information. The widespread adoption of mobile devices, even in low-resource settings, promises to make vital signs monitoring available anywhere and at low cost. This readily available computing power will also extend the utility of vital signs monitoring to new clinical indications, especially with the use of additional processing and integration of information. This review will focus on the universal promotion of pulse oximetry and advanced processing of plethysmography to assess variables such as respiratory rate, capillary refill time, and fluid responsiveness, and how these measurements may assist with perioperative monitoring, diagnosis, and management of pneumonia in children and preeclampsia in pregnancy when combined with mobile devices. PMID:24023026

Ansermino, J Mark

2013-09-10

24

Telemetry-based vital sign monitoring for ambulatory hospital patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early detection of deterioration in hospital patients followed by intervention and stabilization can prevent adverse events such as a cardiac arrest, unscheduled admission to ICU, or death. Patients at step-down units of hospitals tend to have their vital signs checked by nursing staff at 4-hourly intervals. If an abnormality develops in the period between nurse observations, it is likely to

Christina Orphanidou; David Clifton; Shahab Khan; Marc Smith; Jacques Feldmar; Lionel Tarassenko

2009-01-01

25

A microwave radio for Doppler radar sensing of vital signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A microwave radio for Doppler radar sensing of vital signs is described. This radio was developed using custom DCS1800\\/PCS1900 base station RFICs. It transmits a single tone signal, demodulates the reflected signal, and outputs a baseband signal. If the object that reflects the signal has periodic motion, the magnitude of the baseband output signal is directly proportional to the periodic

Amy Droitcour; Victor Lubecke; Jenshan Lin; Olga Boric-Lubecke

2001-01-01

26

Wearable health care system for vital signs monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new concept in healthcare, aimed to providing continuous remote monitoring of user vital signs, is emerging. An innovative system named WEALTHY is presented, were smart material in fiber and yarn form endowed with a wide range of electrophysical properties (conducting, piezoresistive, etc) are integrated and used as basic elements to be woven or knitted in fabric form. The simultaneous

R. Paradiso

2003-01-01

27

CDC Vital Signs: Teen Drinking and Driving - A Dangerous Mix  

MedlinePLUS

... Only have a minute? [PODCAST - 0:59 seconds] Impaired Driving Teen Drivers VitalSigns: Drinking and Driving: A Threat ... Other Web Sites The Community Guide: Reducing Alcohol-impaired Driving MedlinePlus - Motor Vehicle Safety MedlinePlus - Impaired Driving Fatality ...

28

Random Body Movement Cancellation in Doppler Radar Vital Sign Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex signal demodulation and the arctangent demodulation are studied for random body movement cancellation in quadrature Doppler radar noncontact vital sign detection. This technique can be used in sleep apnea monitor, lie detector, and baby monitor to eliminate the false alarm caused by random body movement. It is shown that if the dc offset of the baseband signal is

Changzhi Li; Jenshan Lin

2008-01-01

29

Instrument-Based Noncontact Doppler Radar Vital Sign Detection System Using Heterodyne Digital Quadrature Demodulation Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a fast solution to build a Doppler radar system for noncontact vital sign detection (VSD) using instruments that are generally equipped in radio-frequency and communication laboratories. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of conducting research on VSD in ordinary radio-frequency laboratories. The system is designed with a heterodyne digital quadrature demodulation architecture that helps mitigate quadrature

Changzhan Gu; Changzhi Li; Jenshan Lin; Jiang Long; Jiangtao Huangfu; Lixin Ran

2010-01-01

30

Comparison of different methods of obtaining orthostatic vital signs.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to compare two lying and standing procedures for measuring orthostatic vital signs. Thirty-five normotensive participants (mean age 21.6 years)participated in a randomized crossover study. Measures of blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and dizziness were collected at different lying and standing times. AU subjects participated in a standardized walk paced at 4 miles per hour prior to lying. Using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc contrasts, the mean systolic BP differed between 5 and 10 minutes of lying (F = 21.33, p < .001) and the mean diastolic BP tended to differ between those time points (F = 5.23, p < .03). The mean standing systolic BP and dizziness rating were different between 0- and 2-minute intervals (F = 8.36, p < .01 and F = 7.15, p < .10). In normotensive participants following standardized exercise, orthostatic vital signs stabilized after lying 10 minutes. PMID:11881701

Lance, R; Link, M E; Padua, M; Clavell, L E; Johnson, G; Knebel, A

2000-11-01

31

Gaussian process regression in vital-sign early warning systems.  

PubMed

The current standard of clinical practice for patient monitoring in most developed nations is connection of patients to vital-sign monitors, combined with frequent manual observation. In some nations, such as the UK, manual early warning score (EWS) systems have been mandated for use, in which scores are assigned to the manual observations, and care escalated if the scores exceed some pre-defined threshold. We argue that this manual system is far from ideal, and can be improved using machine learning techniques. We propose a system based on Gaussian process regression for improving the efficacy of existing EWS systems, and then demonstrate the method using manual observation of vital signs from a large-scale clinical study. PMID:23367335

Clifton, Lei; Clifton, David A; Pimentel, Marco A F; Watkinson, Peter J; Tarassenko, Lionel

2012-01-01

32

Data acquisition system for Doppler radar vital-sign monitor.  

PubMed

Automatic gain control (AGC) units increase the dynamic range of a system to compensate for the limited dynamic range of analog to digital converters. This problem is compounded in wireless systems in which large changes in signal strength are effects of a changing environment. These issues are evident in the direct-conversion Doppler radar vital-sign monitor. Utilizing microwave radar signals reflecting off a human subject, a two-channel quadrature receiver can detect periodic movement resulting from cardio-pulmonary activity. The quadrature signal is analyzed using an arctangent demodulation that extracts vital phase information. A data acquisition (DAQ) system is proposed to deal with issues inherent in arctangent demodulation of a quadrature radar signal. PMID:18002443

Vergara, Alexander M; Lubecke, Victor M

2007-01-01

33

Longitudinal analysis of one million vital signs in patients in an academic medical center  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundRecognition of critically abnormal vital signs has been used to identify critically ill patients for activation of rapid response teams. Most studies have only analyzed vital signs obtained at the time of admission. The intent of this study was to examine the association of critical vital signs occurring at any time during the hospitalization with mortality.

Anthony J. Bleyer; Sri Vidya; Gregory B. Russell; Catherine M. Jones; Leon Sujata; Pirouz Daeihagh; Donald Hire

2011-01-01

34

Accurate Doppler Radar Noncontact Vital Sign Detection Using the RELAX Algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider using a Doppler radar for accurate noncontact vital sign detection. The Doppler radar first captures and downconverts the wireless signal that is phase modulated by the physiological movements, and then identifies the human heartbeat and respiration rates by processing the baseband signal. When nonlinear Doppler phase modulation is employed to monitor vital signs without contact, one of the

Changzhi Li; Jun Ling; Jian Li; Jenshan Lin

2010-01-01

35

Vital signs monitoring with a UWB radar based on a correlation receiver  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the first part of this publication, vital signs detection observing small amplitude changes due to the movement of a target in front of the radar is shown. In the context of vital signs monitoring the target is the chest of human beings. This basic principle is also used in continuous wave (CW) radars, but the presented impulse-based UWB radar

Mario Leib; Wolfgang Menzel; Bernd Schleicher; Hermann Schumacher

2010-01-01

36

A fuzzy model for processing and monitoring vital signs in ICU patients  

PubMed Central

Background The area of the hospital automation has been the subject of much research, addressing relevant issues which can be automated, such as: management and control (electronic medical records, scheduling appointments, hospitalization, among others); communication (tracking patients, staff and materials), development of medical, hospital and laboratory equipment; monitoring (patients, staff and materials); and aid to medical diagnosis (according to each speciality). Methods In this context, this paper presents a Fuzzy model for helping medical diagnosis of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients and their vital signs monitored through a multiparameter heart screen. Intelligent systems techniques were used in the data acquisition and processing (sorting, transforming, among others) it into useful information, conducting pre-diagnosis and providing, when necessary, alert signs to the medical staff. Conclusions The use of fuzzy logic turned to the medical area can be very useful if seen as a tool to assist specialists in this area. This paper presented a fuzzy model able to monitor and classify the condition of the vital signs of hospitalized patients, sending alerts according to the pre-diagnosis done helping the medical diagnosis.

2011-01-01

37

CDC Vital Signs: High Blood Pressure and Cholesterol  

MedlinePLUS

... Back to Top U.S. State Info Heart Disease Death Rates Heart Disease Death Rates 2002-2007, Adults Ages 35+, by County ... Vital Statistics System and US Census Bureau. Stroke Death Rates 2002-2007, Adults Ages 35+, by County ...

38

In Vitro and In Vivo Studies for a Bio-Impedance Vital-Sign Monitor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bio-impedance can be used for peripheral pulse detection as a non- invasive method for continuous vital sign monitoring. The objective of this study was to evaluate the commercially available electrode materials that might be useful as wearable electrodes...

F. J. Pearce M. Bodo M. Sowd

2006-01-01

39

Abnormal vital signs are associated with an increased risk for critical events in US veteran inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimEstablish the frequency of abnormal vital signs in medical and surgical ward patients; study their association with “critical events,” which for the purposes of this study, were mortality, cardiac arrests and unplanned ICU transfers.

Geoffrey K. Lighthall; Sharmin Markar; Robert Hsiung

2009-01-01

40

Vital-sign abnormalities as predictors of pneumonia in adults with acute cough illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeThis study examines the strength of the association between vital-sign abnormalities, advanced age, and the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the evaluation of adults with acute cough illness.

Brendon R. Nolt; Ralph Gonzales; Judy Maselli; Eva Aagaard; Carlos A. Camargo; Joshua P. Metlay

2007-01-01

41

Predictive Value of Initial Triage Vital Signs for Critically Ill Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Triage of patients is critical to patient safety, yet no clear information exists as to the utility of initial vital signs in identifying critically ill older emergency department (ED) patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate a set of initial vital sign thresholds as predictors of severe illness and injury among older adults presenting to the ED. Methods: We reviewed all visits by patients aged 75 and older seen during 2007 at an academic ED serving a large community of older adults. Patients’ charts were abstracted for demographic and clinical information including vital signs, via automated electronic methods. We used bivariate analysis to investigate the relationship between vital sign abnormalities and severe illness or injury, defined as intensive care unit (ICU) admission or ED death. In addition, we calculated likelihood ratios for normal and abnormal vital signs in predicting severe illness or injury. Results: 4,873 visits by patients aged 75 and above were made to the ED during 2007, and of these 3,848 had a complete set of triage vital signs. For these elderly patients, the sensitivity and specificity of an abnormal vital sign taken at triage for predicting death or admission to an ICU were 73% (66,81) and 50% (48,52) respectively (positive likelihood ratio 1.47 (1.30,1.60); negative likelihood ratio 0.54 (0.30,0.60). Conclusion: Emergency provider assessment and triage scores that rely primarily on initial vital signs are likely to miss a substantial portion of critically ill older adults.

LaMantia, Michael A.; Stewart, Paul W.; Platts-Mills, Timothy F.; Biese, Kevin J.; Forbach, Cory; Zamora, Ezequiel; McCall, Brenda K.; Shofer, Frances S.; Cairns, Charles B.; Busby-Whitehead, Jan; Kizer, John S.

2013-01-01

42

How well do vital signs identify children with serious infections in paediatric emergency care?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives:To determine whether vital signs identify children with serious infections, and to compare their diagnostic value with that of the Manchester triage score (MTS) and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) traffic light system of clinical risk factors.Design:Prospective cohort of children presenting with suspected acute infection. We recorded vital signs, level of consciousness, activity level, respiratory distress, hydration

M Thompson; N Coad; A Harnden; R Mayon-White; R Perera; D Mant

2009-01-01

43

Vital Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a statistical record of the progress of African Americans in U.S. higher education institutions, focusing on the black-white higher education equality index; statistics that measure the state of racial inequality; the superior graduation rates of black scholarship athletes; and whether the college athletic powerhouses are ignoring the…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2003

2003-01-01

44

A comparison of vital signs charted by nurses with automated acquired values using waveform quality indices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  (1) To investigate if there exist any discrepancies between the values of vital signs charted by nurses and those recorded\\u000a by bedside monitors for a group of patients admitted for neurocritical care. (2) To investigate possible interpretations of\\u000a discrepancies by exploring information in the alarm messages and the raw waveform data from monitors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Each charted vital sign value was paired

Monica Sapo; Shaozhi Wu; Shadnaz Asgari; Norma McNair; Farzad Buxey; Neil Martin; Xiao Hu

2009-01-01

45

Test and Evaluation Report of the Physio Control Vital Signs Monitor, Model VSM 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Physio Control Vital Signs Monitor, Model VSM 2, was tested for environmental and electromagnetic interference/compatibility in the UH-60A helicopter under the U.S. Army Program for Testing and Evaluation of Equipment for Aeromedical Operations. The t...

J. E. Bruckart M. Quattlebaum J. R. Licina B. Olding

1992-01-01

46

Remote Sensing of Vital Signs Using a Doppler Radar and Diversity to Overcome Null Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vital signs detection by means of several topologies based on Doppler radar are proposed in this paper with the aim of overcoming the problem of null detection. They are based on phase and frequency diversity. The proposed topologies are an alternative to I\\/Q demodulation and double-sideband transmission. Four topologies are proposed, three of them based on phase diversity and one

David Girbau; Antonio Lazaro; Ángel Ramos; Ramón Villarino

2012-01-01

47

The Effect of Live Classical Piano Music on the Vital Signs of Patients Undergoing Ophthalmic Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: Music and surgery. Objective: To determine the effect of live classical piano music on vital signs of patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Design: Retrospective case series. Setting and Patients: 203 patients who underwent various ophthalmologic procedures in a period during which a piano was present in the operating room of St. Francis Medical Center. (Note: St. Francis Medical Center has

Jorge G. Camara; Joseph M. Ruszkowski; Sandra R. Worak

48

Vital Signs. Kit No. 301. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide. [Revised.] Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual and student learning guide for a secondary-level health occupations program cover four activities that deal with measurement of vital signs. The four activities concern temperature, pulse and respiration, blood pressure, and height and weight. For each activity, the instructor's manual provides this information: the course…

Jackson, Janette; Edwards, Gloria

49

Clinical Implementation of a Head-Mounted Display of Patient Vital Signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Head-mounted displays (HMDs) can superimpose a patient's vital signs over the anesthesiologist's field of view in the operating room. Prior simulator-based studies have found that anesthesiologists wearing an HMD spend more time looking towards the patient and less time looking towards the monitors compared to standard monitoring. We review potential approaches for interfacing an HMD with clinical monitoring equipment at

David Liu; Simon A Jenkins; Penelope M Sanderson

2009-01-01

50

Reliability and validity of a computerized neurocognitive test battery, CNS Vital Signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS) is a computerized neurocognitive test battery that was developed as a routine clinical screening instrument. It is comprised of seven tests: verbal and visual memory, finger tapping, symbol digit coding, the Stroop Test, a test of shifting attention and the continuous performance test. Because CNSVS is a battery of well-known neuropsychological tests, one should expect its

C. Thomas Gualtieri; Lynda G Johnson

2006-01-01

51

A Novel Congestion Control Protocol for Vital Signs Monitoring in Wireless Biomedical Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in biosensor and wireless technology have led to rapid progress in wearable real time health monitoring. Unlike in wired networks, wireless networks are more subject to packet loss and congestion. In this paper, we propose a congestion control and service prioritization protocol for real time monitoring of patients' vital signs using wireless biomedical sensor networks. The proposed system

Mohammad Hossien Yaghmaee Moghaddam; Donald A. Adjeroh

2010-01-01

52

Quantifying Risk of Adverse Clinical Events With One Set of Vital Signs Among Primary Care Patients with Hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND Hypertension is often uncontrolled. One reason might be physi- cians' reticence to modify therapy in response to single offi ce measurements of vital signs. METHODS Using electronic records from an inner-city primary care practice, we extracted information about vital signs, diagnoses, test results, and drug therapy available on the fi rst primary care visit in 1993 for patients with

William M Tierney; Margaret Brunt; Joseph Kesterson; Xiao-Hua Zhou; Gil L'Italien; Pablo Lapuerta

53

Understanding the Significance, Reasons and Patterns of Abnormal Vital Signs after Gastric Bypass for Morbid Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anastomotic leaks and bleeding are the two most feared major complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass\\u000a (LRYGB). This study was designed to evaluate if there is a clinical correlation between abnormal vital signs and postoperative\\u000a leaks and bleeding. After IRB approval and adherence to HIPAA guidelines, a retrospective review of medical records was performed\\u000a on 518 patients who underwent

Omar Bellorin; Abraham Abdemur; Iswanto Sucandy; Samuel Szomstein; Raul J. Rosenthal

2011-01-01

54

Effect on Cessation Counseling of Documenting Smoking Status as a Routine Vital Sign: An ACORN Study  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Guidelines encourage primary care clinicians to document smoking status when obtaining patients’ blood pressure, temperature, and pulse rate (vital signs), but whether this practice promotes cessation counseling is unclear. We examined whether the vital sign intervention influences patient-reported frequency and intensity of tobacco cessation counseling. METHODS This study was a cluster-randomized, controlled trial conducted in the Virginia Ambulatory Care Outcomes Research Network (ACORN). At intervention practices, nurses and medical assistants were instructed to assess the tobacco use status of every adult patient and record it with the traditional vital signs. Control practices did not use any systematic tobacco screening or identification system. Outcomes were the proportion of smokers reporting clinician counseling of any kind and the frequency of 2 counseling subcomponents: simple quit advice and more intensive discussion. RESULTS A total of 6,729 adult patients (1,149 smokers) at 18 primary care practices completed exit questionnaires during a 6-month comparison period. Among 561 smokers at intervention practices, 61.9% reported receiving any counseling, compared with 53.4% of the 588 smokers at control practices, for a difference of 8.6% (P = .04). The effect was largely restricted to simple advice, which was reported by 59.9% of intervention patients and 51.5% of control patients (P=.04). There was no significant increase in more extensive discussion, with 32.5% and 29.3% of patients at intervention and control practices, respectively, reporting this type of counseling (P=.18). CONCLUSIONS The vital sign intervention promotes tobacco counseling at primary care practices through a modest increase in simple advice to quit. When implemented as a stand-alone intervention, it does not appear to increase intensive counseling.

Rothemich, Stephen F.; Woolf, Steven H.; Johnson, Robert E.; Burgett, Amy E.; Flores, Sharon K.; Marsland, David W.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

2008-01-01

55

Vital-sign abnormalities as predictors of pneumonia in adults with acute cough illnessB  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study examines the strength of the association between vital-sign abnormalities, advanced age, and the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the evaluation of adults with acute cough illness. Methods: A random sample of adult visits for acute cough to 15 EDs during the winter period of 2 consecutive years (2003-2005) was selected for medical record abstraction. Visits were

Brendon R. Nolt; Ralph Gonzales; Judy Maselli; Eva Aagaard; Carlos A. Camargo Jr; Joshua P. Metlay

2007-01-01

56

Verification of a non-contact vital sign monitoring system using an infant simulator.  

PubMed

In this paper, experimental result using a 5.8 GHz Doppler radar to monitor the variations of vital signs of an infant simulator under different medical conditions is presented. The infant simulator can mimic cardiovascular derangements seen in critically ill infants. The result demonstrates the system is capable of tracking a majority of the changes in heart rate and respiratory rate. Analysis suggests possible techniques for further improvement, such as direct coupling circuit, carrier frequency tuning and spectral analysis. PMID:19963860

Yan, Yan; Li, Changzhi; Yu, Xiaogang; Weiss, Michael D; Lin, Jenshan

2009-01-01

57

Effect of Visual Cues, Vital Signs, and Protocols on Triage: A Prospective Randomized Crossover Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objectives: We sought to compare triage designations derived from in-person and telephone interviews and systematically examine the effect of visual cues, vital signs, and complaint-based protocols on the triage process. Methods: We conducted a 2-phase, prospective, observational study employing a randomized, crossover design in a university teaching hospital emergency department. In both phases, every eligible patient underwent sequential in-person

Eric D Salk; David L Schriger; Kelly A Hubbell; Brad L Schwartz

1998-01-01

58

The haptic kymograph: a diagnostic tele-haptic device for sensation of vital signs.  

PubMed

The kymograph is device for measuring and presenting pressure-based signals, such as human heart beat and artery volume pressure. The Haptic Kymograph is a haptically-enhanced tele-medicine system which is used to acquire human vital signs and then to transform these signs into sensible, scalable and ubiquitous media so that a user can easily comprehend subtle and ambiguous signals in a remote place. In an experiment setup a patient's artery pressure pulse was captured at 200 Hz of sampling rate, transmitted via TCP/IP network, and replicated in a remote place using a PHANToM haptic device coupled with a real-time visual interface. In this paper we report our recent progresses in developing a low-cost input system, network interfaces and haptic replication of the human artery volume pulse signal. PMID:15718738

Kim, Youngseok; Kesavadas, T

2005-01-01

59

[Simon's bleedings as a vital sign of hanging--a literature review].  

PubMed

The intervertebral haemorrhages described by Simon in 1968 as a vital sign of hanging have been verified and endorsed by other authors. They occur in 40-50 % of hanging cases, most frequently in the lumbar spine, in younger age groups, and in cases of free suspension. The haemorrhages are not unique to hanging, but may occur in particular as a result of other traumatic elongation or overextension of the spinal column (e. g. in the course of traffic accidents). In cases of decomposition of the body, "false positive" findings are relatively common. As external findings scarcely provide any reliable vital signs of hanging, there is still a high demand for autopsies. In addition to Simon's bleedings, internal findings which are diagnostically conclusive also include microscopic examinations of the lungs and the neck musculature. More recent findings such as haemorrhages in the back and auxiliary respiratory muscles as well as the intestinal wall, if confirmed, could supplement Simon's bleedings. Frei's fibre sample and evidence of histamine in the ligature mark should not be neglected. Finally, it must be emphasized that the forensic assessment of hanging cases should always be based on a criminological and forensic evaluation of all the circumstances of the offence as well as on post-mortem findings. PMID:22834360

Geserick, Gunther; Krocker, Klaus; Schmeling, Andreas

60

Applications of a textile-based wearable system for vital signs monitoring.  

PubMed

A new textile-based wearable system, named MagIC (Maglietta Interattiva Computerizzata) has been recently developed for getting unobtrusive recordings of cardiorespiratory and motion signals during spontaneous behavior. The system is composed of a vest, including textile sensors for ECG and breathing frequency detection, and a portable electronic board for motion assessment, signal preprocessing and wireless data transmission to a remote computer. In this study the MagIC System has been used to monitor vital signs 1) in cardiac inpatients in bed and during physical exercise and 2) in healthy subjects during exercise and under gravitational stress. All recordings showed a correct identification of arrhythmic events and a correct estimation of RR Interval. The positive results obtained in this study support the routine use of the system in a clinical setting, experimental environments, daily life conditions and sport. PMID:17946505

Di Rienzo, Marco; Rizzo, Francesco; Meriggi, Paolo; Bordoni, Bruno; Brambilla, Gabriella; Ferratini, Maurizio; Castiglioni, Paolo

2006-01-01

61

Patient Reactions to Vital Sign Measures: Comparing Home Monitoring Technology to Face-to-Face Delivery  

PubMed Central

Increasingly home health agencies are using home-based technologies to monitor vital signs of chronically ill patients. Patients receive measurements such as blood pressure and weight that indicate risks to their health. Cognitive reactions to risk measures have been studied for face-to-face delivery; however, it is unknown whether the same reactions exist with technology delivery. Reported in this article are study results of a comparative content expert analysis of reactions to technology-delivered health-risk measures. Results suggest that patients have the similar reactions but may be more likely to just accept, without evaluating or considering threats to their health. As home telemonitoring applications continue to evolve, care must be taken avoid creating passive patients and develop best practices that use technology to encourage beneficial self-care behaviors.

Shea, Kimberly; Chamoff, Breanna

2012-01-01

62

Self-rated health status: a new vital sign for primary care?  

PubMed

Self-reported health status ratings depend on whether one references health problems or health behaviors. Pessimistic health perceptions may indicate underlying emotional distress or predict mortality. This study explores the association between a single-item health status question and self-reported health problems or behaviors among women in a Wisconsin family medicine clinic. All women who present for health maintenance complete a health history form that includes a single item health status rating. Health status ratings from 251 randomly selected records were compared with certain reported demographics, health behaviors (e.g. smoking, exercise), health concerns, depression and anxiety symptoms, vital signs and body mass index. Health status ratings of fair or poor were found to be associated with race, marital and employment status, obesity, exercise, and depressive symptoms. Smokers were 4.22 times more likely to report a less favorable health category than non-smokers. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:11816780

Meurer, L N; Layde, P M; Guse, C E

2001-01-01

63

Safe patient transfer system with monitoring of location and vital signs.  

PubMed

In recent years, ubiquitous computing technologies have been applied in the field of medicine. Especially radio frequency identification (RFID) and small sensor networks could provide information about medical practices and patient status in order to prevent malpractices and improve the quality of medical care. As an example of this application, we developed a new system, named "a smart stretcher," which continuously monitors the patient's vital signs and detects apnea during transfer within a hospital. This system consists of a small air-mat type pressure sensor measuring both heart rate and respiration rate and a wireless network transmitting these vital data as well as patient ID to an alerting system to notify hospital staff of patient emergencies. Results of experiments in a clinical setting indicated that the system was reliable in continuous respiration monitoring and detection of apnea during patient transfer on the stretcher; however, detection of heartbeat rate was practically difficult because of the motion noises. Moreover patient ID and location were also correctly detected in real time. These results suggested the feasibility of our system for real clinical use. PMID:19845148

Ohashi, Kumiko; Kurihara, Yosuke; Watanabe, Kajiro; Tanaka, Hiroshi

2008-03-01

64

Effects of therapeutic touch on the vital signs of patients before coronary artery bypass graft surgery  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Currently healthy heart word considered to be the objective of community health applications in many countries of the world because cardiovascular diseases are the most important factor in mortality of humans, worldwide. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is one of the most common surgery procedures for these patients. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of therapeutic touch on medical vital signs of patients before coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: The present study is a clinical trial with 44 samples that were selected by easy sampling method and based on two separate lists of random numbers for both men and women; they were divided into two groups. In the therapeutic touch group, intervention therapy was applied on patents for 20 minutes. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: Test results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean pulse rate before and after intervention in both groups (p < 0.001). Results also showed that there was a significant difference between the average number of breathing before and after intervention in both groups (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Considering the effects of therapeutic touch therapy as a safe and effective intervention on the patients which were revealed in this study, this technique can be used as a simple, cheap and applicable technique in all health care centers to help these patients.

Zare, Zahra; Shahsavari, Hooman; Moeini, Mahin

2010-01-01

65

Health technology assessment review: Remote monitoring of vital signs - current status and future challenges  

PubMed Central

Recent developments in communications technologies and associated computing and digital electronics now permit patient data, including routine vital signs, to be surveyed at a distance. Remote monitoring, or telemonitoring, can be regarded as a subdivision of telemedicine - the use of electronic and telecommunications technologies to provide and support health care when distance separates the participants. Depending on environment and purpose, the patient and the carer/system surveying, analysing or interpreting the data could be separated by as little as a few feet or be on different continents. Most telemonitoring systems will incorporate five components: data acquisition using an appropriate sensor; transmission of data from patient to clinician; integration of data with other data describing the state of the patient; synthesis of an appropriate action, or response or escalation in the care of the patient, and associated decision support; and storage of data. Telemonitoring is currently being used in community-based healthcare, at the scene of medical emergencies, by ambulance services and in hospitals. Current challenges in telemonitoring include: the lack of a full range of appropriate sensors, the bulk weight and size of the whole system or its components, battery life, available bandwidth, network coverage, and the costs of data transmission via public networks. Telemonitoring also has the ability to produce a mass of data - but this requires interpretation to be of clinical use and much necessary research work remains to be done.

2010-01-01

66

Cost-efficient speckle interferometry with plastic optical fiber for unobtrusive monitoring of human vital signs.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT. A cost-efficient plastic optical fiber (POF) system for unobtrusive monitoring of human vital signs is presented. The system is based on speckle interferometry. A laser diode is butt-coupled to the POF whose exit face projects speckle patterns onto a linear optical sensor array. Sequences of acquired speckle images are transformed into one-dimensional signals by using the phase-shifting method. The signals are analyzed by band-pass filtering and a Morlet-wavelet-based multiresolutional approach for the detection of cardiac and respiratory activities, respectively. The system is tested with 10 healthy nonhospitalized persons, lying supine on a mattress with the embedded POF. Experimental results are assessed statistically: precisions of 98.8%±1.5% and 97.9%±2.3%, sensitivities of 99.4%±0.6% and 95.3%±3%, and mean delays between interferometric detections and corresponding referential signals of 116.6±55.5 and 1299.2±437.3??ms for the heartbeat and respiration are obtained, respectively. PMID:24089254

Podbreznik, Peter; Donlagi?, Denis; Lešnik, Dejan; Cigale, Boris; Zazula, Damjan

2013-10-01

67

Emergency Victim Care. A Training Manual for Emergency Medical Technicians. Module 4. Vital Signs, Patient Assessment. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student manual, the fourth in a set of 14 modules, is designed to train emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in Ohio. The module contains two sections covering the following course content: vital signs (temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure) and patient assessment at the scene of an emergency. Each section contains objectives,…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Vocational Education.

68

Concept and modular telemedicine platform for measuring of vital signs, ADL and behavioral patterns of elderly in home settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this contribution a new centralized platform for telemedicine is presented. It combines functions for measuring of vital signs, ADL and behavioral patterns and is especially designed for home care scenarios and the use by elderly people who are not familiar with the use of a PC. Unlike many other approaches we did not use a modified standard PC but

A. Czabke; J. Loeschke; T. C. Lueth

2011-01-01

69

Emergency Victim Care. A Training Manual for Emergency Medical Technicians. Module 4. Vital Signs, Patient Assessment. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual, the fourth in a set of 14 modules, is designed to train emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in Ohio. The module contains two sections covering the following course content: vital signs (temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure) and patient assessment at the scene of an emergency. Each section contains objectives,…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Vocational Education.

70

The value of the difference between ED and prehospital vital signs in predicting outcome in trauma.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: Traditional vital signs are seen as an important part of trauma assessment, despite their poor predictive value in this regard. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether the difference between systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and shock index (SI) taken in the emergency department (ED) and prehospital can predict 48 h mortality postadmission following trauma. METHODS: Retrospective cohort was obtained from the Trauma Audit and Research Network. Subjects were excluded if head or spinal injuries, prehospital intubation or CPR were present. Main outcome was 48 h mortality. The difference (delta, ?) between ED and prehospital values were used as study variables (ie, ?SI=SI-ED minus SI-prehospital). Accuracy was assessed using area under receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC). AUROC coordinates were used to identify 95% specificity cut points and described further using sensitivity and likelihood ratios (LRs). RESULTS: Significant AUROC statistics were revealed for ?SBP (0.57) and ?RR (0.56) for the full sample, ?SBP (0.62) and ?SI (0.65) for moderate, and ?RR (0.6) for severe injury. Best LRs were 3.4 and 2.4 for ?RR and ?SI, respectively, but sensitivities were low (<=26%). Cut point values for ?SBP, ?RR and ?SI were 37 mm Hg, 8 breaths/min and 0.2, respectively. DISCUSSION: ?SBP and ?RR performed best overall, but ?SI performed best in the moderate injury group, suggesting earlier identification with ?SI. Use of ? values result in good rule-in of 48 h mortality and may supplement trauma treatment decisions. PMID:23616498

Bruijns, Stevan R; Guly, Henry R; Bouamra, Omar; Lecky, Fiona; Wallis, Lee A

2013-04-24

71

Antenna evaluation of a non-contact vital signs sensor for continuous heart and respiration rate monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

A portable non-contact vital signs sensor system that is capable of continuously monitoring heart and respiration rates is presented. The system operates based on the continuous wave (CW) Doppler radar principle and has been evaluated using several antenna types: patch, Yagi, log-periodic and helical. The sensor operates at 2.4 GHz, realized on a custom designed low-cost PCB that integrates both

Vighneshrudra Das; Alex Boothby; Royce Hwang; Tam Nguyen; Jerry Lopez; Donald Y. C. Lie

2012-01-01

72

Vital Sign Monitoring System with Life Emergency Event Detection using Wireless Sensor Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

A distributed healthcare monitoring system prototype for clinical and trauma patients, is to be developed, using wireless sensor network node. The proposed system aims to measure various vital physiological health parameters like ECG and body temperature, of patients and elderly persons and transfer his\\/her health status wirelessly in Ad-hoc network, to remote base station which is connected to a hospital's

Dae-Seok Lee; Young-Dong Lee; Wan-Young Chung; R. Myllyla

2006-01-01

73

RAPID3-an index of physical function, pain, and global status as "vital signs" to improve care for people with chronic rheumatic diseases.  

PubMed

A guide to RAPID3 (routine assessment of patient index data), an index of three patient self-report measures-physical function, pain, and patient global estimate of status-on a multidimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDAQ) is presented, including development, scoring, use in standard care, and rationale. RAPID3 and its individual components are regarded as "vital signs," which may alert a health professional to unsuspected patient problems, provide a baseline measure to support a change in therapy, and numerically document improvement or worsening over time to complement clinical impressions. MDHAQ-RAPID3 can be incorporated into the infrastructure of standard rheumatology care for completion in the waiting room by every patient with any rheumatic disease at every visit: if there is a reason for a visit, there is a reason for RAPID3 vital signs. RAPID3 is calculated in 5 to 10 seconds, providing similar information to DAS28 (disease activity score) and CDAI (clinical disease activity index), which require a mean of 114 and 106 seconds, respectively. MDHAQ-RAPID3 presents an additional advantage for the patient to optimize the office encounter by completion of the questionnaire in the waiting room. The MDHAQ also includes a review of systems and recent medical history, which can save 2 to 3 minutes per visit for other patient concerns. A physician's clinical decisions ultimately require synthesis and interpretation of all available data, ranging from laboratory tests to patient questionnaire scores. RAPID3 vital signs can contribute to this synthesis toward improved quality, outcomes, and documentation of rheumatology care. PMID:19583557

Pincus, Theodore; Bergman, Martin J; Yazici, Yusuf

2009-01-01

74

The Feasibility of Digital Pen and Paper Technology for Vital Sign Data Capture in Acute Care Settings  

PubMed Central

The transition from paper to electronic documentation systems in acute care settings is often gradual and characterized by a period in which paper and electronic processes coexist. Intermediate technologies are needed to “bridge” the gap between paper and electronic systems as a means to improve work flow efficiency through data acquisition at the point of care in structured formats to inform decision support and facilitate reuse. The purpose of this paper is to report on the findings of a study conducted on three acute care units at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, MA to evaluate the feasibility of digital pen and paper technology as a means to capture vital sign data in the context of acute care workflows and to make data available in a flow sheet in the electronic medical record.

Dykes, Patricia C.; Benoit, Angela; Chang, Frank; Gallagher, Joan; Li, Qi; Spurr, Cindy; McGrath, E. Jan; Kilroy, Susan M.; Prater, Marita

2006-01-01

75

The use of spectral skin reflectivity and laser doppler vibrometry data to determine the optimal site and wavelength to collect human vital sign signatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The carotid artery has been used extensively by researchers to demonstrate that Laser Doppler Vibrometry (LDV) is capable of exploiting vital sign signatures from cooperative human subjects at stando. Research indicates that, the carotid, although good for cooperative and non-traumatic scenarios, is one of the first vital signs to become absent or irregular when a casualty is hemorrhaging and in progress to circulatory (hypovolemic) shock. In an effort to determine the optimal site and wavelength to measure vital signs off human skin, a human subject data collection was executed whereby 14 subjects had their spectral skin reflectivity and vital signs measured at five collection sites (carotid artery, chest, back, right wrist and left wrist). In this paper, we present our findings on using LDV and re ectivity data to determine the optimal collection site and wavelength that should be used to sense pulse signals from quiet and relatively motionless human subjects at stando. In particular, we correlate maximum levels of re ectivity across the ensemble of 14 subjects with vital sign measurements made with an LDV at two ranges, for two scenarios.

Byrd, Kenneth A.; Kaur, Balvinder; Hodgkin, Van A.

2012-05-01

76

Maxillofacial prosthetics: vital signs.  

PubMed

A maxillofacial prosthetics survey was designed to record the response rate of prosthodontists regarding the frequency of maxillofacial procedures and insurance coverage in 1991. The survey explored variability with respect to membership in professional organizations, region, education, primary activity, and age of the prosthodontist. A total of 342 survey instruments were received from a total of 690 mailed. A total of 18,410 maxillofacial procedures were performed by the survey population. Members of the American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics performed procedures at a significantly higher rate than did the members of the American College of Prosthodontists. A greater procedure rate was observed for prosthodontists in the South Midwest and Southwestern regions; the hospital setting; with 2 plus 1 year additional postgraduate maxillofacial training; and the 45- to 54-year age group. Insurance covered most maxillofacial procedures, but was not uniformly distributed within predictor variables nor between procedures. PMID:8371177

Wiens, J P; Russell, J C; VanBlarcom, C B

1993-08-01

77

Earth's Vital Signs  

NASA Website

NASA launched the Earth Observing System's flagship satellite "Terra," named for Earth, on December 18, 1999. Terra has been collecting data about Earth's changing climate. On February 24, 2000, sensors on NASA's Terra ...

78

ER 101: Vital Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... sudden drop in blood pressure, however, can be life-threatening. If you experience a drop in blood pressure due to low or high body temperature, dehydration, bleeding or an allergic reaction, go to your local emergency department immediately.

79

Microwave Stethoscope: Development and Benchmarking of a Vital Signs Sensor Using Computer Controlled Phantoms and Human Studies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a new microwave-based method and associated measurement system for monitoring multiple vital signs (VS) as well as the changes in lung water content. The measurement procedure utilizes a single microwave sensor for reflection coefficient measurements, hence the name microwave stethoscope (MiSt), as opposed to the two-sensor transmission method previously proposed by the authors. To compensate for the reduced sensitivity due to reflection coefficient measurements, an improved microwave sensor design with enhanced matching to the skin and broadband operation, as well as an advanced DSP algorithm are used in developing the MiSt. Results from phantom experiments and human clinical trials are described. The results clearly demonstrate that MiSt provides reliable monitoring of multiple VS such as the respiration rate, heart rate, and the changes in lung water content through a single microwave measurement. In addition, information such as heart waveforms that correlates well with electrocardiogram (EKG) is observed from these microwave measurements. Details of the broadband sensor design, experimental procedure, DSP algorithms used for VS extraction, and obtained results are presented and discussed. PMID:23358946

Celik, N; Gagarin, R; Huang, G; Iskander, M F; Berg, B

2013-01-22

80

Abrupt discontinuation of alprazolam and cognitive style in patients with panic disorder: early effects on mood, performance, and vital signs.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to ascertain the relationship of alprazolam plasma levels and an anxiety-prone cognitive style to the characteristics and severity of early withdrawal after abrupt discontinuation of alprazolam in 26 patients with panic disorder. After 8 and 9 weeks of fixed-dose treatment, patients were hospitalized for 24 hours. On 1 admission, ordered at random, treatment was maintained; on the other, placebo was substituted double blind. The Anxious Thoughts and Tendencies questionnaire was administered before treatment. Alprazolam plasma levels were measured 7 times on the day after each admission. Before each blood sampling, the Profile of Mood States and performance tasks were administered, and vital signs were recorded. On the day after abrupt discontinuation of alprazolam, Profile of Mood States anxiety, depression, fatigue, and confusion increased; vigor and elation decreased; speed on the digit symbol substitution task improved; and systolic blood pressure increased substantially over time. High Anxious Thoughts and Tendencies scores were related specifically to more anxiety. Our findings (1) confirm that dysphoric mood, fatigue, low energy, confusion, and elevated systolic blood pressure are part of the early syndrome of withdrawal from alprazolam in patients with panic disorder, notably as the drop in plasma levels approaches 50%; (2) indicate a psychomotor deficit persisting beyond dose stabilization; (3) suggest that an anxiety-prone cognitive style measurable before undertaking treatment may be a risk factor for more severe anxiety upon discontinuation; and (4) provide a rationale for applying cognitive behavior therapy during benzodiazepine taper. PMID:16974197

Uhlenhuth, E H; Starcevic, Vladan; Qualls, Clifford; Antal, Edward J; Matuzas, William; Javaid, Javaid I; Barnhill, Jamie

2006-10-01

81

Assessing the risk of foliar injury from ozone on vegetation in parks in the U.S. National Park Service's Vital Signs Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The risk of ozone injury to plants was assessed in support of the National Park Service's Vital Signs Monitoring Network program. The assessment examined bioindicator species, evaluated levels of ozone exposure, and investigated soil moisture conditions during periods of exposure for a 5-year period in each park. The assessment assigned each park a risk rating of high, moderate, or low.

Robert Kohut

2007-01-01

82

Utility of monitoring capnography, pulse oximetry, and vital signs in the detection of airway mishaps: a hyperoxemic animal model.  

PubMed

This study was undertaken to determine the time interval for changes in end-tidal CO2, oxygen saturation (SaO2), heart rate (HR), and blood pressure (BP) in response to an acute airway obstruction or hypopharyngeal extubation in a hyperoxemic model. Complete and partial airway obstructions were simulated with complete and partial cross-clamping of an endotracheal (ET) tube in five anesthetized, nonparalyzed, mechanically ventilated Yorkshire minipigs with initial PAo2 of > 400 mm Hg. Placement of the ET tube into the hypopharynx was performed to simulate accidental extubation. Both sidestream (SS) and mainstream (MS) capnography were used. Continuous pulse oximetry monitored SaO2, femoral arterial catheter monitored systolic BP, and electrocardiograph monitored HR. The time intervals for the capnograph wave to flatten and for the monitor to display zero were recorded after each airway alteration. The time interval to a change in the initial HR of 10 beats/min, a change of initial systolic BP of 10 mm Hg, and a change of initial SaO2 of 5% were recorded. Experiments were carried out for 180 seconds, and 25 trials were performed. HR, systolic BP, and SaO2 did not change for the 180-second duration of the trials. Complete obstruction produced a flattening of the SS and MS waveform in 8 +/- 2 seconds and 6 +/- 2 seconds, respectively. The SS and MS monitors displayed zero in 19 +/- 1 seconds and 68 +/- 7 seconds, respectively. Partial obstruction did not produce flattening of the wave or a monitor displaying zero. Hypopharyngeal extubation produced a flattening of the SS and MS waveform in 7 +/- 1 seconds and 7 +/- 2 seconds, respectively. The SS and MS monitors displayed zero in 18 +/- 3 seconds and 76 +/- 16 seconds, respectively. Continuous end-tidal CO2 capnography detects acute airway obstruction and hypopharyngeal extubation more rapidly than does pulse oximetry or vital sign monitoring in a hyperoxemic porcine model. PMID:9672448

Poirier, M P; Gonzalez Del-Rey, J A; McAneney, C M; DiGiulio, G A

1998-07-01

83

Impact of vital signs screening & clinician prompting on alcohol and tobacco screening and intervention rates: a pre-post intervention comparison  

PubMed Central

Background Though screening and intervention for alcohol and tobacco misuse are effective, primary care screening and intervention rates remain low. Previous studies have increased intervention rates using vital signs screening for tobacco misuse and clinician prompts for screen-positive patients for both alcohol and tobacco misuse. This pilot study's aims were: (1) To determine the feasibility of combined vital signs screening for tobacco and alcohol misuse, (2) To assess the impact of vital signs screening on alcohol and tobacco screening and intervention rates, and (3) To assess the additional impact of tobacco assessment prompts on intervention rates. Methods In five outpatient practices, nurses measuring vital signs were trained to routinely ask a single tobacco question, a prescreening question that identified current drinkers, and the single alcohol screening question for current drinkers. After 4-8 weeks, clinicians were trained in tobacco intervention and nurses were trained to give tobacco abusers a tobacco questionnaire which also served as a clinician intervention prompt. Screening and intervention rates were measured using patient exit interviews (n = 622) at baseline, during the "screening only" period, and during the tobacco prompting phase. Changes in screening and intervention rates were compared using chi square analyses and test of linear trends. Clinic staff were interviewed regarding patient and staff acceptability. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the impact of nurse screening on clinician intervention, the impact of alcohol intervention on concurrent tobacco intervention, and the impact of tobacco intervention on concurrent alcohol intervention. Results Alcohol and tobacco screening rates and alcohol intervention rates increased after implementing vital signs screening (p < .05). During the tobacco prompting phase, clinician intervention rates increased significantly for both alcohol (12.4%, p < .001) and tobacco (47.4%, p = .042). Screening by nurses was associated with clinician advice to reduce alcohol use (OR 13.1; 95% CI 6.2-27.6) and tobacco use (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.3-5.2). Acceptability was high with nurses and patients. Conclusions Vital signs screening can be incorporated in primary care and increases alcohol screening and intervention rates. Tobacco assessment prompts increase both alcohol and tobacco interventions. These simple interventions show promise for dissemination in primary care settings.

2010-01-01

84

A1-1: "Exercise as a Vital Sign": Impact of Documenting Self-Reported Exercise in Primary Care  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims Physical inactivity is highly prevalent in US adults and significantly increases mortality risk. We examined the impact of implementing a new primary care visit process to record patient exercise frequency and intensity (“Exercise as a Vital Sign” [EVS]) at the beginning of each visit. Methods We conducted an observational, quasi-experimental cohort study of 696,267 patients and 1,188 primary care providers to examine the impact of EVS implemented between April 2010 to October 2011 in 4 of 15 regional medical centers. Patients without primary care physicians (PCPs) or with co-morbid conditions that precluded exercise were excluded. We assessed documentation of exercise in PCP progress notes; healthy lifestyle-related referrals (e.g., exercise programs, nutrition and weight loss consultation); and changes in weight or glycemic control in patients with overweight or type 2 diabetes. Results EVS implementation was associated with greater exercise-related PCP progress note documentation (26.2% vs. 23.7% of visits, odds of visit documentation increased 1.12 [95% CI:1.11–1.13] adjusting for demographic differences and repeated measures); and a small but significant increase in lifestyle-related referrals (2.1% vs. 1.7%; aOR 1.14 [1.11–1.18]), particularly in obese patients (BMI ?30 kg/m2; 4.0% vs. 3.2% visits, P <0.001) and patients with type 2 diabetes (3.5% vs. 2.6% visits, P <0.001) compared to visits without EVS. Among patients with at least two BMI measures (n = 633,864), patients in EVS medical centers had slight weight loss (?0.002 kg/m2) whereas control site patients had weight gain (+0.02 kg/m2). Difference in weight change between facilities favored EVS in linear models controlling for baseline differences (?0.03 kg/ m2 [95% CI: ?0.04 to ? 0.02 kg/m2]). Differences in A1c (n = 70,083) were similarly small but favored EVS facilities (change in A1c: ?0.06% [95% CI: ?0.08 to ?0.05%]). Conclusions Exercise data collection during initial patient intake resulted in increased PCP progress note documentation and lifestyle-related referrals. The population-level impact on weight and glycemic control was favorable but slight. We conclude that EVS is a necessary but insufficient first step towards improving the identification and treatment of physical inactivity in primary care.

Grant, Richard; Uratsu, Connie; Schmittdiel, Julie; Sternfeld, Barbara

2013-01-01

85

Overcoming the problem of diagnostic heterogeneity in applying measurement-based care in clinical practice: the concept of psychiatric vital signs.  

PubMed

Measurement-based care refers to the use of standardized scales to measure the outcome of psychiatric treatment. Diagnostic heterogeneity poses a challenge toward the adoption of a measurement-based care approach toward outcome evaluation in clinical practice. In the present article, we propose adopting the concept of psychiatric vital signs to facilitate measurement-based care. Medical vital signs are measures of basic physiologic functions that are routinely determined in medical settings. Vital signs are often a primary outcome measure, and they are also often adjunctive measurements. In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project, we examined the frequency of depression and anxiety in a diagnostically heterogeneous group of psychiatric outpatients to determine the appropriateness of considering their measurement as psychiatric vital signs. Three thousand psychiatric outpatients were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV supplemented with items from the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. We determined the frequency of depression and anxiety evaluated according to the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia items. In the entire sample of 3000 patients, 79.3% (n = 2378) reported clinically significant depression of at least mild severity, 64.4% (n = 1932) reported anxiety of at least mild severity, and 87.4% (n = 2621) reported either anxiety or depression. In all 10 diagnostic categories examined, most patients had clinically significant anxiety or depression of at least mild severity. These findings support the routine assessment of anxiety and depression in clinical practice because almost all patients will have these problems as part of their initial presentation. Even for those patients without depression or anxiety, the case could be made that the measurement of depression and anxiety is relevant and analogous to measuring certain physiologic parameters in medical practice such as blood pressure and body temperature regardless of the reason for the visit. PMID:21550031

Zimmerman, Mark; Young, Diane; Chelminski, Iwona; Dalrymple, Kristy; Galione, Janine N

2011-05-06

86

Abnormal vital signs are strong predictors for intensive care unit admission and in-hospital mortality in adults triaged in the emergency department - a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Assessment and treatment of the acutely ill patient have improved by introducing systematic assessment and accelerated protocols for specific patient groups. Triage systems are widely used, but few studies have investigated the ability of the triage systems in predicting outcome in the unselected acute population. The aim of this study was to quantify the association between the main component of the Hillerød Acute Process Triage (HAPT) system and the outcome measures; Admission to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and in-hospital mortality, and to identify the vital signs, scored and categorized at admission, that are most strongly associated with the outcome measures. Methods The HAPT system is a minor modification of the Swedish Adaptive Process Triage (ADAPT) and ranks patients into five level colour-coded triage categories. Each patient is assigned a triage category for the two main descriptors; vital signs, Tvitals, and presenting complaint, Tcomplaint. The more urgent of the two determines the final triage category, Tfinal. We retrieved 6279 unique adult patients admitted through the Emergency Department (ED) from the Acute Admission Database. We performed regression analysis to evaluate the association between the covariates and the outcome measures. Results The covariates, Tvitals, Tcomplaint and Tfinal were all significantly associated with ICU admission and in-hospital mortality, the odds increasing with the urgency of the triage category. The vital signs best predicting in-hospital mortality were saturation of peripheral oxygen (SpO2), respiratory rate (RR), systolic blood pressure (BP) and Glasgow Coma Score (GCS). Not only the type, but also the number of abnormal vital signs, were predictive for adverse outcome. The presenting complaints associated with the highest in-hospital mortality were 'dyspnoea' (11.5%) and 'altered level of consciousness' (10.6%). More than half of the patients had a Tcomplaint more urgent than Tvitals, the opposite was true in just 6% of the patients. Conclusion The HAPT system is valid in terms of predicting in-hospital mortality and ICU admission in the adult acute population. Abnormal vital signs are strongly associated with adverse outcome, while including the presenting complaint in the triage model may result in over-triage.

2012-01-01

87

20 CFR 220.113 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...acceptable laboratory diagnostic techniques. Some of these diagnostic techniques include chemical tests, electrophysiological studies (electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram, etc.) x-rays, and psychological...

2013-04-01

88

The prognostic value of blood lactate levels relative to that of vital signs in the pre-hospital setting: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Introduction A limitation of pre-hospital monitoring is that vital signs often do not change until a patient is in a critical stage. Blood lactate levels are suggested as a more sensitive parameter to evaluate a patient's condition. The aim of this pilot study was to find presumptive evidence for a relation between pre-hospital lactate levels and in-hospital mortality, corrected for vital sign abnormalities. Methods In this prospective observational study (n = 124), patients who required urgent ambulance dispatching and had a systolic blood pressure below 100 mmHg, a respiratory rate less than 10 or more than 29 breaths/minute, or a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) below 14 were enrolled. Nurses from Emergency Medical Services measured capillary or venous lactate levels using a hand-held device on arrival at the scene (T1) and just before or on arrival at the emergency department (T2). The primary outcome measured was in-hospital mortality. Results The average (standard deviation) time from T1 to T2 was 27 (10) minutes. Non-survivors (n = 32, 26%) had significantly higher lactate levels than survivors at T1 (5.3 vs 3.7 mmol/L) and at T2 (5.4 vs 3.2 mmol/L). Mortality was significantly higher in patients with lactate levels of 3.5 mmol/L or higher compared with those with lactate levels below 3.5 mmol/L (T1: 41 vs 12% and T2: 47 vs 15%). Also in the absence of hypotension, mortality was higher in those with higher lactate levels. In a multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis including systolic blood pressure, heart rate, GCS (all at T1) and delta lactate level (from T1 to T2), only delta lactate level (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.05 to 0.76, p = 0.018) and GCS (HR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.88 to 0.99, p = 0.022) were significant independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Conclusions In a cohort of patients that required urgent ambulance dispatching, pre-hospital blood lactate levels were associated with in-hospital mortality and provided prognostic information superior to that provided by the patient's vital signs. There is potential for early detection of occult shock and pre-hospital resuscitation guided by lactate measurement. However, external validation is required before widespread implementation of lactate measurement in the out-of-hospital setting.

Jansen, Tim C; van Bommel, Jasper; Mulder, Paul G; Rommes, Johannes H; Schieveld, Selma JM; Bakker, Jan

2008-01-01

89

Assessing the risk of foliar injury from ozone on vegetation in parks in the U.S. National Park Service's Vital Signs Network.  

PubMed

The risk of ozone injury to plants was assessed in support of the National Park Service's Vital Signs Monitoring Network program. The assessment examined bioindicator species, evaluated levels of ozone exposure, and investigated soil moisture conditions during periods of exposure for a 5-year period in each park. The assessment assigned each park a risk rating of high, moderate, or low. For the 244 parks for which assessments were conducted, the risk of foliar injury was high in 65 parks, moderate in 46 parks, and low in 131 parks. Among the well-known parks with a high risk of ozone injury are Gettysburg, Valley Forge, Delaware Water Gap, Cape Cod, Fire Island, Antietam, Harpers Ferry, Manassas, Wolf Trap Farm Park, Mammoth Cave, Shiloh, Sleeping Bear Dunes, Great Smoky Mountains, Joshua Tree, Sequoia and Kings Canyon, and Yosemite. PMID:17644227

Kohut, Robert

2007-07-20

90

CDC Vital Signs: Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... 2.65 MB] Read the MMWR November 2012 Breast Cancer Black Women Have Higher Death Rates from Breast Cancer Than Other Women On this Page Problem U.S. ... to Top U.S. State Info Number of Additional Breast Cancer Deaths Among Black Women, By State SOURCE: National ...

91

CDC Vital Signs: Child Injury  

MedlinePLUS

... CPR/first aid training). Health care systems can: Use technology, such as electronic medical records, to improve the ... live, work, and play. Be a good role model—wear a seat belt, use a helmet, and follow other safety tips. Learn ...

92

Multiple programs: essential to the scientific vitality of the DOE Defense Program Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of the Department of Energy� s Defense Program (DP) laboratories-Los Alamos, Livermore,;\\u000aand Sandia-has been extensively debated and examined over the past several years. To assist in this process, I;\\u000ahave asked that a set of documents be prepared, which, when taken together, present a comprehensive picture of;\\u000athe three laboratories.;\\u000aThis document describes the multiprogram nature of

P Shoemaker; P. D. Barnes; J. Cummings; R. Eagan; J. Edgeworth; R. Fortner; G. Green; A. Hazi; M. Katz; C. Poppe

1997-01-01

93

Estuarine water quality in parks of the Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network: Development and early implementation of vital signs estuarine nutrient-enrichment monitoring, 2003-06  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report documents results of pilot tests of a protocol for monitoring estuarine nutrient enrichment for the Vital Signs Monitoring Program of the National Park Service Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network. Data collected from four parks during protocol development in 2003-06 are presented: Gateway National Recreation Area, Colonial National Historic Park, Fire Island National Seashore, and Assateague Island National Seashore. The monitoring approach incorporates several spatial and temporal designs to address questions at a hierarchy of scales. Indicators of estuarine response to nutrient enrichment were sampled using a probability design within park estuaries during a late-summer index period. Monitoring variables consisted of dissolved-oxygen concentration, chlorophyll a concentration, water temperature, salinity, attenuation of downwelling photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), and turbidity. The statistical sampling design allowed the condition of unsampled locations to be inferred from the distribution of data from a set of randomly positioned "probability" stations. A subset of sampling stations was sampled repeatedly during the index period, and stations were not rerandomized in subsequent years. These "trend stations" allowed us to examine temporal variability within the index period, and to improve the sensitivity of the monitoring protocol to detecting change through time. Additionally, one index site in each park was equipped for continuous monitoring throughout the index period. Thus, the protocol includes elements of probabilistic and targeted spatial sampling, and the temporal intensity ranges from snapshot assessments to continuous monitoring.

Kopp, Blaine S.; Nielsen, Martha; Glisic, Dejan; Neckles, Hilary A.

2009-01-01

94

Vital Statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article questions the idea that quantitative methods, in particular the analysis of social statistics, is at odds with critical approaches to geography. It argues that numbers-based research is vital to highlight social injustice and oppression and that quantitative research can meet the requirements of critical geography to be reflexive, politically conscious, and activist. The article highlights two issues of

Mark Ellis

2009-01-01

95

Nuclear Material Recovery at Los Alamos National Laboratory Using TechXtract{reg_sign} Decontamination Technology  

SciTech Connect

One mission of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is to affect pollution prevention and waste minimization surrounding operations at their Plutonium Facility. Efforts are underway and technologies are being deployed to capture the actinide at the source thereby reducing the amount of nuclear material leaving the facility as transuranic waste. Traditional processing alternatives for decontamination, such as strong acid leaching and surface brushing have not achieved the desired recovery efficiencies for plastic or non-actinide metal matrices. Much of the nuclear material present is fixed in the matrix, and is not susceptible to recovery with surface cleaning techniques. In addition, the relatively large secondary waste volumes associated with the acid leaching have persuaded LANL to evaluate alternative recovery methods. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and testing of a prototype chemical decontamination and co-precipitation process installed at the Los Al amos Plutonium Facility that is based on the patented TechXtract{reg_sign} system developed by Active Environmental Technologies Inc. (AET). The technology was enhanced under a PRDA contract awarded by DOE in 1997.

Fay, S.; Dennison, D.; Fife, K.; Punjak, W.

1999-09-12

96

Smoking Status as a Vital Sign  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE We conducted this study to determine if a smoking status stamp would prompt physicians to increase the number of times they ask, advise, assist, and arrange follow-up for African-American patients about smoking-related issues. DESIGN An intervention study with a posttest assessment (after the physician visit) conducted over four 1-month blocks. The control period was the first 2 weeks of each month, while the following 2 weeks served as the intervention period. SETTING An adult walk-in clinic in a large inner-city hospital. PARTICIPANTS We consecutively enrolled into the study 2,595 African-American patients (1,229 intervention and 1,366 control subjects) seen by a housestaff physician. INTERVENTIONS A smoking status stamp placed on clinic charts during the intervention period. MAIN RESULTS Forty-five housestaff rotated through the clinic in 1-month blocks. In univariate analyses, patients were significantly more likely to be asked by their physicians if they smoke cigarettes during the intervention compared with the control period, 78.4% versus 45.6% (odds ratio [OR] 4.28; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.58, 5.10). Patients were also more likely to be told by their physician to quit, 39.9% versus 26.9% (OR 1.81; 95% CI 1.36, 2.40), and have follow-up arranged, 12.3% versus 6.2% (OR 2.16; 95% CI 1.30, 3.38). CONCLUSIONS The stamp had a significant effect on increasing rates of asking about cigarette smoking, telling patients to quit, and arranging follow-up for smoking cessation. However, the stamp did not improve the low rate at which physicians offered patients specific advice on how to quit or in setting a quit date.

Ahluwalia, Jasjit S; Gibson, Cheryl A; Kenney, R Emmet; Wallace, Dennis D; Resnicow, Ken

1999-01-01

97

CDC Vital Signs: Hospital Support for Breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... on breastfeeding during prenatal visits, and support breastfeeding in the hospital and at each pediatric doctor's visit until breastfeeding stops. Include lactation consultants and other breastfeeding experts on patient care teams. Coordinate lactation care between the hospital and ...

98

CDC Vital Signs: Asthma in the US  

MedlinePLUS

... for people with asthma. Promote improvements in indoor air quality for people with asthma through measures such as ... healthy schools and workplaces, and improvements in outdoor air quality. Health care providers can: Determine the severity of ...

99

Smoking status as a vital sign  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to determine if a smoking status stamp would prompt physicians to increase the number of times they\\u000a ask, advise, assist, and arrange follow-up for African-American patients about smoking-related issues.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: An intervention study with a posttest assessment (after the physician visit) conducted over four 1-month blocks. The control\\u000a period was the first 2 weeks of

Jasjit S. Ahluwalia; Cheryl A. Gibson; R. Emmet Kenney; Dennis D. Wallace; Ken Resnicow

1999-01-01

100

CDC Vital Signs: Access to Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Read the MMWR November 2010 Access to Health Care A record number of adults 18–64 years ... 64 years old who skipped or delayed medical care because of cost, by disability* and insurance coverage ...

101

CDC Vital Signs: Progress on Childhood Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... such as nutrition education and breastfeeding support services. Child care providers and parents can: Serve fruits and vegetables ... preschoolers watch TV or use the computer in child care and the home. Support and encourage preschoolers to ...

102

Methods of sperm vitality assessment.  

PubMed

Sperm vitality is a reflection of the proportion of live, membrane-intact spermatozoa determined by either dye exclusion or osmoregulatory capacity under hypo-osmotic conditions. In this chapter we address the two most common methods of sperm vitality assessment: eosin-nigrosin staining and the hypo-osmotic swelling test, both utilized in clinical Andrology laboratories. PMID:22992899

Moskovtsev, Sergey I; Librach, Clifford L

2013-01-01

103

Local cold exposure of the hands from cryosectioning work in histopathological and toxicological laboratories: signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy and Raynaud's phenomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To study relations between cryosectioning work, skin temperature, early signs of neuropathy in the hands, and vasospastic and neurological symptoms. Microtome work is carried out at histological and toxicological laboratories all over the world. It implicates local cold exposure of -20 degrees C on the hands of exposed laboratory technicians. METHODS: Thirty nine laboratory technicians who use microtomes at

G Wieslander; D Norbäck; C Edling

1996-01-01

104

Nuclear Material Recovery at Los Alamos National Laboratory Using TechXtract{reg_sign} Decontamination Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

One mission of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is to affect pollution prevention and waste minimization surrounding operations at their Plutonium Facility. Efforts are underway and technologies are being deployed to capture the actinide at the source thereby reducing the amount of nuclear material leaving the facility as transuranic waste. Traditional processing alternatives for decontamination, such as strong acid

S. Fay; D. Dennison; K. Fife; W. Punjak

1999-01-01

105

Vital areas at nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vital area analysis of nuclear power plants has been performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission by the Los Alamos National Laboratory from the late 1970's through the present. The Los Alamos Vital Area Study uses a fault-tree modeling technique to identify vital areas and equipment at nuclear power plants to determine their vulnerability. This technique has been applied to all

1985-01-01

106

The 6th Vital Sign in Cancer Care WHY SCREENING FOR DISTRESS IS CHANGING PRACTICE S U P P O RTIVE CARE S U P P O RTIVE CARE  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the discipline of psychosocial oncology is rela- tively new in the field of cancer care, many if not most health care providers, would say that it is a vital compo- nent of clinical care and its application is necessary to improve the patient experience along the cancer care continuum from diagnosis, treatment, recurrent dis- ease, palliative care and survivorship.

B A R RY; D. BULT

107

Vital area determination techniques at nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the vital area determination programs being conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to support the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in evaluating nuclear power plant licensees' compliance with safeguards\\/security requirements. These projects, the Vital Area Analysis (VAA) Program and the Vital Equipment Determination Techniques Research Study (VEDTRS), are designed to identify a plant's vital areas and to

1987-01-01

108

Putting vital stains in context.  

PubMed

While vital staining remains a cornerstone in the diagnosis of ocular disease and contact lens complications, there are many misconceptions regarding the properties of commonly used dyes by eye-care practitioners and what is and what is not corneal staining after instillation of sodium fluorescein. Similarly, the proper use and diagnostic utility of rose Bengal and lissamine green B, the other two ophthalmic dyes commonly used for assessing ocular complications, have similarly remained unclear. Due to the limitations of vital stains for definitive diagnosis, concomitant signs and symptoms in addition to a complete patient history are required. Over the past decade, there have been many reports of a type of corneal staining--often referred to as solution-induced corneal staining (SICS)--that is observed with the use of multipurpose solutions in combination with soft lenses, more specifically silicone hydrogel lenses. Some authors believe that SICS is a sign of lens/solution incompatibility; however, new research shows that SICS may be neither a measure of lens/solution biocompatibility nor 'true' corneal staining, as that observed in pathological situations. A large component of SICS may be a benign phenomenon, known as preservative-associated transient hyperfluorescence (PATH). There is a lack of correlated signs and/or symptoms with SICS/PATH. Several properties of SICS/PATH, such as appearance and duration, differentiate it from pathological corneal staining. This paper reviews the properties of vital stains, their use and limitations in assessment of the ocular surface, the aetiology of corneal staining, characteristics of SICS/PATH that differentiate it from pathological corneal staining and what the SICS/PATH phenomenon means for contact lens-wearing patients. PMID:23051047

Efron, Nathan

2012-10-10

109

Local cold exposure of the hands from cryosectioning work in histopathological and toxicological laboratories: signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy and Raynaud's phenomenon.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To study relations between cryosectioning work, skin temperature, early signs of neuropathy in the hands, and vasospastic and neurological symptoms. Microtome work is carried out at histological and toxicological laboratories all over the world. It implicates local cold exposure of -20 degrees C on the hands of exposed laboratory technicians. METHODS: Thirty nine laboratory technicians who use microtomes at the preclinical and clinical laboratories at the University of Uppsala, Sweden were studied. An equal number of nonexposed laboratory technicians served as controls, matched for workplace, sex, age, and smoking habits. Information on symptoms, type of work, and personal factors were assessed by means of a self administered questionnaire. Two point discrimination ability was tested, and vibration perception threshholds were measured for both hands by a bio-thesiometer. Also, skin temperature was measured during cryosectioning work in those 15 technicians performing cryosectioning work during the study period. RESULTS: Most laboratory technicians did not use any gloves during cryosectioning work, and direct contact with frozen materials sometimes occurred and resulted in a rapid cooling of the skin. In six of 15 exposed subjects (40%), the mean skin temperature during microtome work was below 20 degrees C. A later rise in skin temperature, due to a compensatory vasodilation, was found in two subjects. The group exposed to cold had signs of early neuropathy on the right hand, indicated both by vibrametry and two point discrimination test. Significant work related differences in clinical signs within the group exposed to cold was also found. No differences between exposed and nonexposed people were found for symptoms of Raynaud's phenomenon, numbness, or musculosceletal complaints. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that cryosectioning laboratory work may cause adverse health effects--for example, peripheral neuropathy--and measures should be taken to protect the hands from the local cold exposure.

Wieslander, G; Norback, D; Edling, C

1996-01-01

110

Comparing various techniques to measure tree vitality of live oaks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurately measuring tree vitality is important for arborists because urban trees are frequently impacted by various stressors. A research study was conducted to evaluate different techniques to determine vitality of live oaks (Quercus virginiana P. Miller). Glucose and starch content of trees was measured in a laboratory and compared with field techniques for assessing tree vitality, including a portable blood

Tomas Martinez-Trinidad; W. Todd Watson; Michael A. Arnold; Leonardo Lombardini; David N. Appel

2010-01-01

111

Isolation calls and retrieving behavior in laboratory and wild-derived golden hamsters—No sign for inbreeding depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated juvenile golden hamsters produce ultrasonic and audible vocalizations, so-called isolation calls, as a reaction to being separated from their mother and nest and their cooling down. Their aim is to stimulate mothers to search and retrieve the pups. In this work, the vocalization of juvenile laboratory (Zoh:GOHA; Institute of Zoology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg) and juvenile wild-derived golden hamsters (captured in

Nadine Schneider; Peter Fritzsche

2011-01-01

112

Doppler radar vital signs monitoring using wavelet transform  

Microsoft Academic Search

An algorithm using wavelets is used to detect heartbeat rate from a phase modulated Doppler radar signal. It is shown that the heartbeat rate can be detected up to 1.5m from the radar in a noisy environment without the need of filtering. Also the property of wavelet transform to preserve both time and frequency information is utilized to analyze the

A. Tariq; H. G. Shiraz

2010-01-01

113

Education Vital Signs. Leadership: The Toughest Job in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines administration, motivation, and compensation among educational leaders. Discusses the high-stakes, high-stress jobs of superintendents, assistant superintendents, subject-area supervisors, principals, and assistant principals. Also looks at the role of school board members and the importance of teamwork in education. (Contains one table…

Carr, Nora

2003-01-01

114

Walking Speed as a Geriatric Vital Sign in Primary Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary aim of this study was to determine if the walking speed of frail aged patients can be measured routinely and reliably by properly trained regular patient care staff in community primary care practices. Declines in lower extremity function, and...

D. C. Woolley S. Studenski S. Perera N. Rogers L. Gong

2004-01-01

115

Measuring and Transmitting Vital Body Signs Using MEMS Sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advancements in technology and science, electronics have been getting smaller and smaller, which enables researchers and scientist to weave the electronics and interconnections into the fabric. This new technology enables to establish a new concept called \\

M. Guler; Seniz ERTUGRUL

2007-01-01

116

Hydroacoustic estimates of fish abundance. Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1990  

SciTech Connect

Hydroacoustics, as defined in the context of this report, is the use of a scientific sonar system to determine fish densities with respect to numbers and biomass. These two parameters provide a method of monitoring reservoir fish populations and detecting gross changes in the ecosystem. With respect to southeastern reservoirs, hydroacoustic surveys represent a new method of sampling open water areas and the best technology available. The advantages of this technology are large amounts of data can be collected in a relatively short period of time allowing improved statistical interpretation and data comparison, the pelagic (open water) zone can be sampled efficiently regardless of depth, and sampling is nondestructive and noninvasive with neither injury to the fish nor alteration of the environment. Hydroacoustics cannot provide species identification and related information on species composition or length/weight relationships. Also, sampling is limited to a minimum depth of ten feet which precludes the use of this equipment for sampling shallow shoreline areas. The objective of this study is to use hydroacoustic techniques to estimate fish standing stocks (i.e., numbers and biomass) in several areas of selected Tennessee Valley Reservoirs as part of a base level monitoring program to assess long-term changes in reservoir water quality.

Wilson, W.K.

1991-03-01

117

CDC Vital Signs: Getting Blood Pressure under Control  

MedlinePLUS

... heart disease and stroke On this Page Introduction Problem What Can Be Done Science Behind this Issue Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 1 in3 Nearly 1 in 3 adults (about 67 million) have high blood pressure. 36M About 36 million adults with high blood pressure don’t have it under ...

118

CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... baby boomers saves lives On this Page Introduction Problem Infographic What Can Be Done Science Behind this Issue Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 3 Million About 3 million adults in the US are infected with the hepatitis C virus, most are baby boomers. ...

119

Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1991: Benthic macroinvertebrate community results  

SciTech Connect

As part of an extensive Reservoir Monitoring program to examine the ecological health of reservoirs in the TVA system, benthic communities were sampled and evaluated at 41 locations on 14 TVA reservoirs. Up to ten dredge samples were collected at locations from the forebay, inflow and transition zones. Surveys were conducted between mid-March and mid-April, 1991. The results of these surveys are presented and discussed in this report.

Masters, A.E.

1992-08-01

120

Benthic macroinvertebrate community results. Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1990  

SciTech Connect

As part of an extensive program to monitor the health of reservoirs in the TVA system, dredges were used to sample benthic life at 36 locations on 12 Tennessee Valley Authority reservoirs and the Tennessee River downstream from the lowest reservoir in the system. Up to ten dredge samples were collected from forebay, transition zone, and inflow locations of typical reservoirs. The survey was conducted between mid March and mid April, 1990. Results are described.

Jenkinson, J.J.

1991-06-01

121

CDC Vital Signs: More People Walk to Better Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Prevention Page maintained by: Office of the Associate Director for Communications (OADC) Home A-Z Index Site Map Policies Using this Site Link to Us All Languages CDC Mobile Contact CDC Centers for ...

122

Hydroacoustic estimates of fish abundance. Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mobile hydroacoustic surveys are a recent addition to the sampling techniques available to fisheries biologists. Hydroacoustic techniques for fish stock assessment and monitoring are efficient in providing quantitative biomass estimates, absolute populati...

W. K. Wilson

1992-01-01

123

Ethnolinguistic Vitality and Intergroup Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper argues that ethnolinguistic vitality depends on four crucial social psychological factors: perceived strength differential, intergroup distance, utilitarianism and intergroup discordance. The influence of these factors on the vitality of subordinate and dominant groups is outlined. It is proposed that the vitality of both types of groups…

Ehala, Martin

2010-01-01

124

PACU-why hand washing is vital!  

PubMed

Hand washing is one of the oldest methods of reducing infections. Recent evidence based research has re-confirmed the efficacy of proper hand hygiene and recommendations for hand hygiene by the CDC and WHO are outlined. The PACU is a unique environment; patients are in a "cross-road of infection;" many patients are exposed to infections coming from various wards brought to the PACU through the OR. The PACU nurse is not only responsible for observing and monitoring the patient's vital signs but is also responsible for making sure patients are not exposed to an additional risk, e.g. a hand-transmitted infection. PMID:19647664

Petty, William Clayton

2009-08-01

125

Wartenberg's sign  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of surgical correction is described for Wartenberg’s sign, or persistent abduction of the little finger, using a slip of the extensor digitorum communis of the ring finger. The transferred component can be either the central slip, or the ulnar slip extended by the connexus intertendineus to the little finger.This technique maintains the integrity of the extensor mechanism of

P. Voche; M. Merle

1995-01-01

126

Understanding and Forecasting Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forecasting of ethnolinguistic vitality can only be done within a well-functioning descriptive and explanatory model of the dynamics of language stability and shift. It is proposed that the Perceived Benefit Model of Language Shift, used with a taxonomy of language shift motivations, provides that model. The model, based on individual language…

Karan, Mark E.

2011-01-01

127

Refining the Notion of Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper argues that the notion of ethnolinguistic vitality has been used ambiguously in the vitality theory, denoting three distinct theoretical concepts: sustainability (Su), strength (S) and vitality (V). It is hypothesised that sustainability is a group's ability to continue existing as a group while vitality is its ability to act as a…

Ehala, Martin

2010-01-01

128

Signing off  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dress for success At a recent physics teachers meeting a colleague commented to me on the generally poor state of the throng's sartorial elegance. It's not that she thought they should all be clothes horses or catwalk models but certain rules seem to have been ignored. This didn't just apply to the older people in the crowd. In the interests of physics we drew up a few basic rules that seemed to have gone awry and we present them here for the benefit of new members of the profession: Trousers should meet shoes, or at least come within 2 cm of the laces. NB. Pedal pushers are not acceptable male attire. Sandals and socks should also be avoided. One of the few equations that all of the general public know (like E = mc2) is Socks + Sandals = Beard. Hair should be washed at least once a week (whether it needs to be or not), combing should take place more frequently. Particular styles are not important, but avoid hiding receding hair using the comb-over. If your jacket/cardigan frays at the elbow throw it away. Patching it up with leather patches is not decorous or clever. NB. Carpet samples are not an acceptable alternative. If you are watching a re-run of a 1970s television show one afternoon and you find yourself thinking how much you admire the actors' dress sense then it is time to go clothes shopping. Colours should match and complement each other. Some combinations should be banned, for example brown jacket with orange shirts are a no-no. Under no circumstances should you try to match brown tweed with anything, unless it's the inside of your dustbin. Men and ties. It is very common to want to wear one's old school or college tie to show off your origins and this is to be commended. However, it is not acceptable to wear the actual tie you wore at school, as this will be at least 20 years old, be rather frayed and will have your name sewn in the back by your mum. Ironing should be done on all outer garments, though there is no need to iron creases (fore and aft) so sharp that they cause paper cuts. Stains. If you accidentally spill some food or drink on your clothes, make sure you attempt to remove it as soon as possible and preferably within the same lunar cycle. Some teachers seem to think they should be worn with pride like the stains on a chemistry teacher's white coat. This is a myth. Materials. For scientists continually teaching about the wonder of smart materials, physics teachers are remarkably conservative in their choice of materials for their clothes. Try to break out from the traditional corduroy and tweed and practise what you teach. It is not acceptable to wear the actual tie you wore at school, as this will be at least 20 years old, be rather frayed and will have your name sewn in the back by your mum. Steven Chapman Science Year Manager, British Association for the Advancement of Science Signing Off takes a humorous and irreverent look at physics education. The views expressed here are those of the author and are not endorsed by the Editorial Board for Physics Education. Can you contribute a zany attitude or humorous anecdote? Please send your offering to ped@iop.org marked Signing Off.

2001-05-01

129

Name Signs in Greek Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Name signs have existed in Greek Deaf culture since antiquity. However, little is known about Greek Sign Language (GSL) and the Greek Deaf community. Based on interviews with 200 people, the phonological characteristics of Greek name signs are described, as well as the frequency of occurrence of specific name signs and the influence of spoken Greek. Comparisons are made with

Vassilis Kourbetis; Robert J. Hoffmeister

2002-01-01

130

Battlefield triage life signs detection techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting to wounded soldiers on the battlefield is a precarious task, and medics have a very high casualty rate. It is therefore a vital importance to prioritize which soldiers to attend to first. The first step is to detect life signs - if a soldier is dead or alive, and prioritize recovery of live soldiers. The second step is to

Olga Boric-Lubecke; Jenshan Lin; Byung-Kwon Park; Changzhi Li; Wansuree Massagram; Victor M. Lubecke; Anders Host-Madsen

2008-01-01

131

Signing off  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics Related Aptitude Test As the teacher shortage bites anyone with a degree in science expects to walk into a school and be received, with open arms, as a physics teacher. Are they really suitable? To help you decide Signing Off provides the following invaluable psychometric test. Extensively researched and, for single users only, it comes completely free to Physics Education subscribers! (Copies of this Physics Related Aptitude Test are available to credit-card customers from prat@realripoff.com priced #35 per client, 125 dollars to US customers.) This invaluable psychometric test has been extensively researched. Your first lesson of the new school year introduces the study of electricity. Do you: A Use the notes prepared by your predecessor. B Find a video on electricity and play it to the class. C Arrange a series of exciting practical demonstrations to stimulate the young inquiring mind. D Let the children design and make their own circuits to light flashlight bulbs. Your 14-year-olds have completed a written test on heat and energy. Do you: A Mark correct only the work of students who have written their names neatly at the top LEFT HAND corner, as required. B Only set multiple choice tests, so that the computer can mark them for you. C Mark carefully by hand, explaining in detail to each student exactly how and why they have made errors and adding encouraging comments with lots of praise. D Give out correct sets of answers and allow students to mark their own work. There is a staff social. Do you: A Ask for a definition of the term 'social'. B Ask for a web-based version. C Determine to go, so that you can discuss setting up cross-curricular links with colleagues. D Join the organizing committee. Who do you admire most? A Sir Isaac Newton. B Bill Gates. C Leonardo da Vinci. D Leonardo di Caprio. You are required to teach biology class. Your response is: A Denial. B To ask for an appropriate computer simulation. C To attend a specialized course for biology teachers in your own time. D Read the textbook ten minutes before the class. Mostly A's: Traditional physics teacher, will fit straight in. Within days of taking up post you will wonder why he isn't already wearing a fine coating of chalk after years of teaching. Make a good offer of a long contract. Mostly B's: Slightly trendy and progressive. Consider buying a good computer instead. Mostly C's: A dangerous and possibly offensive teacher: they make you feel old and are liable to disrupt timetabling by making teaching popular. Don't worry - they will soon burn out and retire. Mostly D's: As a normal human being, this person is totally unsuited to physics teaching - they expect to work less than 50 hours each week, and enjoy living. KP

2001-09-01

132

NETosis: how vital is it?  

PubMed

In this review, we examine the evidence that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play a critical role in innate immunity. We summarize how NETs are formed in response to various stimuli and provide evidence that NETosis is not universally a cell death pathway. Here we describe at least 2 different mechanisms by which NETs are formed, including a suicide lytic NETosis and a live cell or vital NETosis. We also evaluate the evidence for NETs in catching and killing pathogens. Finally, we examine how infections are related to the development of autoimmune and vasculitic diseases through unintended but detrimental bystander damage resulting from NET release. PMID:24009232

Yipp, Bryan G; Kubes, Paul

2013-09-05

133

Vital Statistic Divorce Data, Detail, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorces occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of states whic...

R. Heuser J. D. Farrell

1987-01-01

134

Vital Statistics Divorce Data, Detail, 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorces occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of States whic...

R. Heuser J. D. Farrell

1986-01-01

135

Vital Statistics Mortality Data, Detail, 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic and cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State...

H. Rosenberg J. D. Farrell

1981-01-01

136

46 CFR 169.642 - Vital systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Piping Systems § 169.642 Vital systems. For the...following are considered vital systemsâ (a) A marine engineering system identified by the OCMI as being crucial to the...

2011-10-01

137

Name signs in Greek sign language.  

PubMed

Name signs have existed in Greek Deaf culture since antiquity. However, little is known about Greek Sign Language (GSL) and the Greek Deaf community. Based on interviews with 200 people, the phonological characteristics of Greek name signs are described, as well as the frequency of occurrence of specific name signs and the influence of spoken Greek. Comparisons are made with American Sign Language and the naming process in general Greek culture. The Greek Deaf community uses both types of name signs, descriptive name signs (DNS) and arbitrary name signs (ANS). The most popular form of naming uses the DNS process. Name signs are not passed down within families but are assigned by members of the Deaf community or by Deaf peers in the educational setting. Once a name sign has been assigned it stays with the recipient, usually for life. Traditionally, most name signs describe personal characteristics, but with many hearing people now learning GSL, initialized signs are appearing. Whether the Greek Deaf community will accept this practice remains uncertain. PMID:12448131

Kourbetis, Vassilis; Hoffmeister, Robert J

2002-07-01

138

Sign Language Number Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sign language number recognition system lays down foundation for handshape recognition which addresses real and current problems in signing in the deaf community and leads to practical applications. The input for the sign language number recognition system is 5000 Filipino sign language number video file with 640 x 480 pixels frame size and 15 frame\\/second. The color-coded gloves uses less

Iwan Njoto Sandjaja; Nelson Marcos

2009-01-01

139

Vital Soil: Function, Value and Properties.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This article is a review of the book, Vital Soil: Function, Value and Properties. Soil vitality has been defined as the ability of soil ecosystems to stay in balance in a changing world. The soil environment and the life that it supports developed over centuries and millennia, but careless human ac...

140

NATIONAL VITAL STATISTICS SYSTEM - MORTALITY DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

In the United States, State laws require death certificates to be completed for all deaths, and Federal law mandates national collection and publication of deaths and other vital statistics data. The National Vital Statistics System, the Federal compilation of this data, is the r...

141

Advances in textile technologies for unobtrusive monitoring of vital parameters and movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research and development activity is described in the field of textile-based wearable systems for personalized health care. Sensorized shirts for vital signs monitoring and wearable systems for gesture and posture recognition are specifically illustrated, resulting from the EU funded project my heart

R. Paradiso; D. De Rossi

2006-01-01

142

Know the Signs  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... These are signs of a fake online pharmacy. Tips for identifying safe online pharmacies: ... These are signs of a safe, legal online pharmacy. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers

143

Vitiligo: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments U - W Vitiligo Signs, symptoms Vitiligo: Signs and symptoms Vitiligo causes loss of color. ... amount of color loss or type of vitiligo. Vitiligo has types and subtypes If you are diagnosed ...

144

Warts: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments U - W Warts Signs, symptoms Warts: Signs and symptoms There are a few different ... some of the different types of warts. Common warts (also called vurruca vulgaris) Wart under a child's ...

145

Improved Airport Guidance Signs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Factors affecting the acquisition and legibility of Airport Guidance Signs were studied to determine the optimum relationship between size, height and location of the signs. The studies showed the 500-foot minimum legibility requirement to be the predomin...

1964-01-01

146

Shingles: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases and treatments Q - T Shingles Signs, symptoms Shingles: Signs and symptoms Shingles tends to cause more pain and less itching ... get a fever or headache with the rash. Shingles . The rash can be very painful and widespread. ...

147

Battlefield triage life signs detection techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Getting to wounded soldiers on the battlefield is a precarious task, and medics have a very high casualty rate. It is therefore a vital importance to prioritize which soldiers to attend to first. The first step is to detect life signs - if a soldier is dead or alive, and prioritize recovery of live soldiers. The second step is to obtain vital signs from live soldiers, and use this to prioritize which are in most urgent need of attention. Our team at Kai Sensors, University of Hawaii and University of Florida is developing Doppler radar heart sensing technology that provides the means to detect life signs, respiration and/or heart beat, at a distance, even for subjects lying motionless, e.g., unconscious subjects, wearing body armor, and hidden from direct view. Since this technology can deliver heart rate information with high accuracy, it may also enable the assessment of a subject's physiological and psychological state based on heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Thus, the degree of a subject's injury may also be determined. The software and hardware developments and challenges for life signs detection and monitoring for battlefield triage will be discussed, including heart signal detection from all four sides of the human body, detection in the presence of body armor, and the feasibility of HRV parameter extraction.

Boric-Lubecke, Olga; Lin, Jenshan; Park, Byung-Kwon; Li, Changzhi; Massagram, Wansuree; Lubecke, Victor M.; Host-Madsen, Anders

2008-05-01

148

British Sign Name Customs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research presented here describes the sign names and the customs of name allocation within the British Deaf community. While some aspects of British Sign Language sign names and British Deaf naming customs differ from those in most Western societies, there are many similarities. There are also similarities with other societies outside the more…

Day, Linda; Sutton-Spence, Rachel

2010-01-01

149

Sign language and autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research findings and issues in teaching sign language to nonspeaking autistic children are reviewed. Data on over 100 children indicate that nearly all autistic children learn receptive and expressive signs, and many learn to combine signs. These children also exhibit marked improvement in adaptive behaviors. Speech skills are acquired by fewer children and may be developed through simultaneous speech and

John D. Bonvillian; Keith E. Nelson; Jane Milnes Rhyne

1981-01-01

150

On the System of Person-Denoting Signs in Estonian Sign Language: Estonian Name Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses Estonian personal name signs. According to study there are four personal name sign categories in Estonian Sign Language: (1) arbitrary name signs; (2) descriptive name signs; (3) initialized-descriptive name signs; (4) loan/borrowed name signs. Mostly there are represented descriptive and borrowed personal name signs among…

Paales, Liina

2010-01-01

151

Sign language Web pages.  

PubMed

The WORLD WIDE WEB has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The present article describes a system that allows sign language-only Web pages to be created and linked through a video-based technique called sign-linking. In two studies, 14 Deaf participants examined two iterations of signlinked Web pages to gauge the usability and learnability of a signing Web page interface. The first study indicated that signing Web pages were usable by sign language users but that some interface features required improvement. The second study showed increased usability for those features; users consequently couldnavigate sign language information with ease and pleasure. PMID:17225637

Fels, Deborah I; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G

2006-01-01

152

Cumulative Asbestos Exposure and Forced Vital Capacity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Part of the data from a retrospective study of asbestos (1332214) textile workers was used to relate loss in forced vital capacity (FVC) to cumulative asbestos exposure. Using occupational histories and the results of air sampling analyses, estimates of i...

H. Ayer J. Burg

1975-01-01

153

["First regulating vitality" is core of acupuncture].  

PubMed

In combination with long-term clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion, and repeatedly learn, comprehend and probe theoretical intension about "essence" and "vitality" of acupuncture in Neijing (Internal Classic) to guide clinical practice. By the regulative mechanisms of needling "target points" of the peripheral nerve and central "target location", form single point therapy, rapid acupuncture, taking effect in three seconds, safety and other technique characteristics. Confirm that Deqi (needling sensation) is concrete reflection of "essence of acupuncture", regulating vitality (center) is the key of "first treating the vitality". The classical theory, "First treating vitality is essence for acupuncture" in Neijing, is correct and it is theoretical core of scientific acupuncture, which is of wide practical significance and profound historic significance for guiding clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion. PMID:19391527

Wang, Wen-yuan

2009-02-01

154

HEALTH, VITAL GOALS, AND CENTRAL HUMAN CAPABILITIES  

PubMed Central

I argue for a conception of health as a person's ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt's theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths I transform Nordenfelt's argument in order to overcome three significant drawbacks. Nordenfelt makes vital goals relative to each community or context and significantly reflective of personal preferences. By doing so, Nordenfelt's conception of health faces problems with both socially relative concepts of health and subjectively defined wellbeing. Moreover, Nordenfelt does not ever explicitly specify a set of vital goals. The theory of health advanced here replaces Nordenfelt's (seemingly) empty set of preferences and society-relative vital goals with a human species-wide conception of basic vital goals, or ‘central human capabilities and functionings’. These central human capabilities come out of the capabilities approach (CA) now familiar in political philosophy and economics, and particularly reflect the work of Martha Nussbaum. As a result, the health of an individual should be understood as the ability to achieve a basic cluster of beings and doings—or having the overarching capability, a meta-capability, to achieve a set of central or vital inter-related capabilities and functionings.

Venkatapuram, Sridhar

2013-01-01

155

Sign language and autism.  

PubMed

Research findings and issues in teaching sign language to nonspeaking autistic children are reviewed. Data on over 100 children indicate that nearly all autistic children learn receptive and expressive signs, and many learn to combine signs. These children also exhibit marked improvement in adaptive behaviors. Speech skills are acquired by fewer children and may be developed through simultaneous speech and sign training. Possible explanations for these results are given, together with suggestions for future research and data collection. Recommended innovations include exposure to fluent signers and training in discourse and code-switching. Different sign language teaching methods need to be investigated more fully, including emphasis on training sign language within the children's total environment and with greater staff and parental participation. PMID:6927693

Bonvillian, J D; Nelson, K E; Rhyne, J M

1981-03-01

156

Eponymous signs in dermatology  

PubMed Central

Clinical signs reflect the sheer and close observatory quality of an astute physician. Many new dermatological signs both in clinical and diagnostic aspects of various dermatoses are being reported and no single book on dermatology literature gives a comprehensive list of these “signs” and postgraduate students in dermatology finds it difficult to have access to the description, as most of these resident doctor do not have access to the said journal articles. “Signs” commonly found in dermatologic literature with a brief discussion and explanation is reviewed in this paper.

Madke, Bhushan; Nayak, Chitra

2012-01-01

157

Eponymous signs in dermatology.  

PubMed

Clinical signs reflect the sheer and close observatory quality of an astute physician. Many new dermatological signs both in clinical and diagnostic aspects of various dermatoses are being reported and no single book on dermatology literature gives a comprehensive list of these "signs" and postgraduate students in dermatology finds it difficult to have access to the description, as most of these resident doctor do not have access to the said journal articles. "Signs" commonly found in dermatologic literature with a brief discussion and explanation is reviewed in this paper. PMID:23189246

Madke, Bhushan; Nayak, Chitra

2012-09-01

158

Sign Language Film List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In learning any language, a good way to hone your listening skills to range of common speakers is by watching movies in the language, and sign language is no exception. Although referring to it as using your listening skills may be a bit of a stretch, viewing different people sign can be good real-life practice in order to learn the nuisances of individuals' "speech." The Sign Language Film List has attempted to compile a complete of a list of films and other works available in American Sign Language, and their efforts should be rewarding to students, speakers and instructors.

Lubotsky, John

2006-11-06

159

Food Signs in Radiology  

PubMed Central

Objective: Certain diseases show classic radiological signs that resemble various types of food items like fruits, meat, vegetables, eggs, bakery, grocery and confectionary items. In this article various food signs are discussed and correlated with the various food items in a pictorial way. The objective of this pictorial essay is to provide the information and learn the characteristic radiological signs resembling various food items. These food signs are easy to recognize and allows a confident diagnosis on the basis of imaging findings alone or can narrow down the differential diagnosis.

Hussain, Mehboob; Al Damegh, Saleh

2007-01-01

160

Warning Signs of Lung Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Lungs Warning Signs of Lung Disease Top Stories Lung HelpLine Questions about your lung health? Ask an ... Warning Signs of Lung Disease Warning Signs of Lung Disease WARNING SIGNS If you have any of ...

161

Uranus: a middleware architecture for dependable AAL and vital signs monitoring applications.  

PubMed

The design and realization of health monitoring applications has attracted the interest of large communities both from industry and academia. Several research challenges have been faced and issues tackled in order to realize effective applications for the management and monitoring of people with chronic diseases, people with disabilities, elderly people. However, there is a lack of efficient tools that enable rapid and possibly cheap realization of reliable health monitoring applications. The paper presents Uranus, a service oriented middleware architecture, which provides basic functions for the integration of different kinds of biomedical sensors. Uranus has also distinguishing characteristics like services for the run-time verification of the correctness of running applications and mechanisms for the recovery from failures. The paper concludes with two case studies as proof of concept. PMID:22736998

Coronato, Antonio

2012-03-07

162

The smart car seat: personalized monitoring of vital signs in automotive applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embedded wireless sensors are important components of mobile distributed computing networks, and one of the target applications\\u000a areas is health care. The preservation of mobility for senior citizens is one of the key issues in maintaining an independent\\u000a lifestyle. Thus health technologies inside a car can contribute both to safety issues (supervision of driver fitness) as well\\u000a as healthcare issues

Marian Walter; Benjamin Eilebrecht; Tobias Wartzek; Steffen Leonhardt

163

Resolution of vital sign instability: an objective measure of medical stability in anorexia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo determine the amount of time necessary for stabilization of blood pressure and heart rate in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and the percentage of ideal body weight (IBW) at which this occurs.

Tabassum Shamim; Neville H Golden; Martha Arden; Linda Filiberto; I. Ronald Shenker

2003-01-01

164

Continuous remote vital sign\\/environment monitoring for returning soldier adjustment assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-stage study to develop and test an unobtrusive room sensor unit and subject data management system to discover correlation between sensor-based time-series measurements of sleep quality and clinical assessments of combat veterans suffering from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), is described. Experiments and results for testing sensitivity and robustness of the sensor unit and

S. Genc; D. J. Cleary; T. Yardibi; J. C. Wood; M. E. Stachura; E. V. Astapova

2011-01-01

165

Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1992: Bacteriological conditions in the Tennessee Valley. Fourth annual report  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-eight designated swimming beaches, four informal swimming areas, two canoe launching or landing sites, and two additional sites on a canoeing stream were sampled at least ten times each during 30-day sampling periods in the summer of 1992. One designated swimming beach, one informal swimming area, and two canoe launching or landing sites exceeded the recommended criterion of geometric mean concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria of 200/100 mL. In addition to these four sites, five designated swimming beaches and one informal swimming area exceeded the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended criterion by having more than 10 percent of the fecal coliform samples with concentrations greater than 400/100 mL. Rainfall was an important factor for these six sites and the four sites that did not meet the geometric mean criterion. Some sampling sites are affected by rainfall more than others. When bacteria concentrations increase after rainfall, it indicates that site is vulnerable to contamination from nonpoint sources of pollution. Recreational use of these sites following rainfall is discouraged. If samples collected within 24 hours of rainfall (one-half inch or more) are excluded, all-but one of the ten sites have better bacteriological water quality, and two meet both the geometric mean and maximum concentration criteria. Five canoe access locations on the Bear Creek floatway, plus one site upstream and another downstream of the floatway were sampled eight times each during 1992. All seven sites met recreation criteria.

Fehring, J.P.

1993-05-01

166

Blood aspiration as a vital sign detected by postmortem computed tomography imaging.  

PubMed

Blood aspiration is a significant forensic finding. In this study, we examined the value of postmortem computed tomography (CT) imaging in evaluating findings of blood aspiration. We selected 37 cases with autopsy evidence of blood in the lungs and/or in the airways previously submitted to total-body CT scanning. The CT-images were retrospectively analyzed. In one case with pulmonary blood aspiration, biopsy specimens were obtained under CT guide for histological examination. In six cases, CT detected pulmonary abnormalities suggestive of blood aspiration, not mentioned in the autopsy reports. CT reconstructions provided additional data about the distribution and extent of aspiration. In one needle-biopsied case, the pulmonary specimens showed blood in the alveoli. We suggest the use of CT imaging as a tool complementary to traditional techniques in cases of blood aspiration to avoid misdiagnosis, to guide the investigation of lung tissue, and to allow for more evidence-based inferences on the cause of death. PMID:21361932

Filograna, Laura; Ross, Steffen; Bolliger, Stephan; Germerott, Tanja; Preiss, Ulrich; Flach, Patricia M; Thali, Michael

2011-03-01

167

Telemonitoring of Vital Signs – An Effective Tool for Ambient Assisted Living  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Telemedicine and e-health solutions provide (chronic) patients and elderly people services that enhance their quality of life.\\u000a Advances in wireless sensor network technology and the overall miniaturization of their associated hardware low-power integrated\\u000a circuits have enabled the design of low-cost, miniature and precise physiological sensor modules. These modules are capable\\u000a of measuring, processing, communicating one or more physiological parameters, and

H. Costin; C. Rotariu; F. Adochiei; R. Ciobotariu; G. Andruseac; F. Corciova

168

A heart rate sensor based on seismocardiography for vital sign monitoring systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heart rate is essential in monitoring the health of an individual. Traditional use of ECG to measure the heart beat poses complication in many applications. There is need for a less intrusive, simple, easy to use, and versatile heart rate sensor. This paper describes the design and testing of a heart rate sensor using a low cost accelerometer. The design

Anh Dinh; Younhee Choi; Seok-Bum Ko

2011-01-01

169

A digital signal processor for Doppler radar sensing of vital signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A voltage waveform signal containing respiration and heartbeat signatures is low-pass filtered (0.7 Hz) for the respiration and band-pass filtered (1.0-3.0 Hz) for the heart signal. The autocorrelation function is used to calculate the rate per minute for each of these signals. To make the processor more robust, several signal processing techniques are applied. One of these techniques, a method

B. Lohman; O. Boric-Lubecke; V. M. Lubecke; P. W. Ong; M. M. Sondhi

2001-01-01

170

A digital signal processor for Doppler radar sensing of vital signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A signal processor for the determination of respiration and heart rates in Doppler radar measurements is described. The processor can reliably calculate both rates for a subject at distances as large as 2 m. The rate determination is based on autocorrelation and uses several enhancement techniques, including a center clipper. Several representative results are included to show the future potential

B. Lohman; O. Boric-Lubecke; V. M. Lubecke; P. W. Ong; M. M. Sondhi

2002-01-01

171

Testing and Evaluation of the Protocol Systems, Inc. PROPAQ 206 EL enclore Vital Signs Patient Monitor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Protocol Systems Inc., 206 EL Monitor is a portable, self- contained, general purpose monitor capable of continuous reception and display of multiple patient physiological parameters. The unit operates on 115 VAC/60- 400 Hz, external 12 VDC, and an in...

E. W. Hade J. Sylvester

1998-01-01

172

Cultural competency: beyond the vital signs. Delivering holistic care to african americans.  

PubMed

Specific knowledge of African American communities, culture, and history is crucial to achieving culturally competent care. The unique and complex relationship that belief systems have to health care outcomes must be considered for all patients. This is even more apparent in the connection between religion and health outcomes for African Americans. However, as with all ethnic groups, nothing is absolute. Therefore, one must avoid stereotyping and recognize there are differences within each cultural group. PMID:21501733

Wilson, Linda D

2011-06-01

173

Vital Signs New Fiscal Year Brings Changes to ACH Don't Forget to Watch \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

s the new fiscal year dawns, Arkansas Children's Hospital is busy preparing to open a wealth of new programs, welcome many new employees and celebrate the ground-breaking of a brand-new, $3.2 million General Pediatric Clinic. The hospital's programs and campus will grow during Fiscal Year 2007 and so will its Routine Capital Budget, expected to jump by $1.5 million to

Boyd Hutchins; Kevin Haralson; Bob Crider; Melinda Lawson

174

Assessing vital signs: Applying two participatory evaluation frameworks to the evaluation of a college of nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation research has been in progress to clarify the concept of participatory evaluation and to assess its impact. Recently, two theoretical frameworks have been offered – Daigneault and Jacob's participatory evaluation measurement index and Champagne and Smits’ model of practical participatory evaluation. In this case report, we apply these frameworks to test alignment with practitioner experience and to examine the

Susan C. Connors; Joan K. Magilvy

2011-01-01

175

CDC Vital Signs: Binge Drinking a Serious, Under-Recognized Problem Among Women and Girls  

MedlinePLUS

... Done Science Behind this Issue Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 1 in 8 Nearly 14 million US women binge drink about 3 times a month 6 Women average 6 drinks per binge. 1 in 5 1 in 5 high school girls binge drink. Binge drinking is a dangerous ...

176

75 FR 22630 - Vital Signs Minnesota, Inc., Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Paid...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Minnesota, Inc., Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Paid Through...their wages reported under a separate unemployment insurance (UI) tax account under...Minnesota, Inc., including workers whose unemployment insurance (UI) wages are paid...

2010-04-29

177

A non-contact lie detector using radar vital signs monitor (RVSM) technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional lie detector testing requires the subject to be physically attached to a variety of sensors. This is impractical for scenarios such as checkpoints where a large number of individuals are entering at a high rate, necessitating the employment of other methods. Currently, checkpoint officers must make a quick decision to determine if an individual is being deceptive, and if,

Jonathan Geisheimer

2001-01-01

178

Assessing Vital Signs: Applying Two Participatory Evaluation Frameworks to the Evaluation of a College of Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluation research has been in progress to clarify the concept of participatory evaluation and to assess its impact. Recently, two theoretical frameworks have been offered--Daigneault and Jacob's participatory evaluation measurement index and Champagne and Smits' model of practical participatory evaluation. In this case report, we apply these…

Connors, Susan C.; Magilvy, Joan K.

2011-01-01

179

Effect of individual and work characteristics of EMTs on vital sign changes during shiftwork  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of demographics, lifestyle, and work characteristics on burnout in EMTs, and then determines the interaction of various EMT risk factors on cardiovascular changes. In phase 1, EMTs voluntarily completed a demographic data sheet and the Masslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The MBI results were broken down into subgroups of Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (DP), and Personal

Steven J Weiss; Mark F Silady; Barbara Roes

1996-01-01

180

CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer -- Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now  

MedlinePLUS

... 62 MB] Read the MMWR March 2013 Making Health Care Safer Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now ... CRE infections on your state's Notifiable Diseases list. Health Care CEOs/Medical Officers can Require and strictly enforce ...

181

American Sign Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Sign Museum is the only public collection of its kind, and it is located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its fun, colorful website just may bring back memories for some visitors. Users should definitely watch the video tour of the museum with the founder, Tod Swormstedt. The link can be found near the top of the homepage, and is entitled "Take a Video Tour." The founder explains his goals in opening the museum, which are to show "the history of the sign industry and its significant contribution to commerce and the American landscape." He also goes on to reference the urban renewal program from the 1960s called SOS, which meant Scrap Our Signs, as a source of many of the museum's holdings. The excellent "Exhibits" link on the left hand menu contains a link to the museum's permanent collection and visitors will find it is divided into eight categories, including "Painted/Non-illuminated Signs," "Plastic Signs," and "Neon Signs and Displays: The Glory Days." The Exhibits link also offers to visitors half a dozen sections of signs that can be seen from the road (On the Road), while walking around (Walking Tours), or from an armchair (Sign History).

182

Signs for Instructional Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrations depict 465 new manual signs for use in high school and college instruction of deaf students. The signs represent words or phrases, usually made up of many letters, which are important to the following subject matters; sciences and mathematics (general terms), biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, psychology, humanities (general…

Kannapell, Barbara M.; And Others

183

Signed Binary Representations Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common method for computing exponentiation of random elements in Abelian groups are sliding window schemes, which enhance the eciency of the binary method at the expense of some precomputation. In groups where inversion is easy (e.g. elliptic curves), signed representations of the exponent are meaningful because they de- crease the amount of required precomputation. The asymptotic best signed

Katsuyuki Okeya; Katja Schmidt-samoa; Christian Spahn; Tsuyoshi Takagi

2004-01-01

184

Understanding road signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a three levels framework that allows accounting for the understanding of road signs. We consider that a road sign is (1) the iconic transcription of (2) a legal message about categories that is displayed and has to be interpreted (3) in context. Whereas categorization is the basic process that determines decision-making, results of two experiments

Mary Bazire; Charles Tijus

2009-01-01

185

Signs for Instructional Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Illustrations depict 465 new manual signs for use in high school and college instruction of deaf students. The signs represent words or phrases, usually made up of many letters, which are important to the following subject matters; sciences and mathematics (general terms), biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, psychology, humanities (general…

Kannapell, Barbara M.; And Others

186

The Economic Vitality Formula of Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An economic vitality formula of success can be accomplished by creating partnerships between local career and technical education (CTE), and workforce development and economic development entities. Student industry certifications; dynamic partnerships; programs and projects focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); and…

Konopnicki, Patrick M.

2012-01-01

187

Lake Mead--clear and vital  

USGS Publications Warehouse

“Lake Mead – Clear and Vital” is a 13 minute documentary relating the crucial role of science in maintaining high water quality in Lake Mead. The program was produced coincident with release of the Lakes Mead and Mohave Circular a USGS publication covering past and on-going research in the lakes and tributaries of the Lake Mead National Recreation Area.

Wessells, Stephen M.; Rosen, Michael

2013-01-01

188

Longitudinal studies based on vital registration records.  

PubMed

We describe here the increased use of routine vital event and census records to construct national follow-up and longitudinal studies. The strengths and weaknesses of these studies are discussed and examples given of their use in research into relationships between employment and mortality and socio-economic differences in mortality. PMID:2626588

Fox, A J

1989-01-01

189

Refereed Publications of Vital Business Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem: No systematic research has explored the refereed publications records of vital business educators. Data Collection Procedures: A total of 120 prominent business educators were mailed a survey about their publication practices and history, yielding a 61% usable return rate from 73 completed questionnaires. Results: The six research…

Blaszczynski, Carol; Scott, James Calvert; Green, Diana J.

2009-01-01

190

Verletzungen der großen Hirnschlagadern und vitale Reaktion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 90 forensic autopsies (Craniocerebral injury, gunshot, stabbing, blow, strangulation, etc.), semithin sections of great arteries were prepared from around 770 Epon blocks and checked for vital reactions at the mural and intimal ruptures. In 21 cases in which death had occurred immediately or soon after the trauma, with three exceptions, there was a subsequent electron microscopic investigation. In all

W. Krauland; H. Bratzke

1987-01-01

191

"A Vital Role in Uncertain Times"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The adult learning and skills sector is a diverse world, encompassing adult and community learning, apprenticeships, Train to Gain, and contracted employment programmes. The learning and skills sector plays a vital role in uncertain times by giving greater opportunities for social mobility, for example by supporting progression to further and…

Hunt, Melanie

2009-01-01

192

Th e vital staining of Amoeba proteus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The effect of keeping Amoeba proteus in dilute basic dye solutions was studied. It was found that Nile blue, neutral red, and neutral violet in particular, and also brilliant cresyl blue, methylene blue, Bismarck brown, thionin, toluidine blue, and azures A and B act as vital dyes, while at comparable molarities crystal violet, dahlia, safranin, methyl green, Janus green,

JENNIFER M. BYRNE

1963-01-01

193

The Vital Program: Transforming ICT Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing a model for effective large-scale continuous professional development (CPD) for teachers remains a significant obstacle for many governments worldwide. This article describes the development and evolution of Vital--a CPD program designed to enhance the teaching of information communication technology in state-funded primary and…

Bradshaw, Pete; Twining, Peter; Walsh, Christopher S.

2012-01-01

194

The Vital Program: Transforming ICT Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing a model for effective large-scale continuous professional development (CPD) for teachers remains a significant obstacle for many governments worldwide. This article describes the development and evolution of Vital--a CPD program designed to enhance the teaching of information communication technology in state-funded primary and…

Bradshaw, Pete; Twining, Peter; Walsh, Christopher S.

2012-01-01

195

Hazardous Material Highway Signing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first section summarizes the scope of highway hazmat operations within the United States, the major types of hazmats transported, and incidents involving hazmats. The second section briefly summarizes hazmat routing signs set forth in the Manual on Un...

S. R. Byington

1995-01-01

196

Scabies: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... form when people get crusted scabies, also called Norwegian scabies. Signs and symptoms of scabies include: Itching, ... crusted scabies. Another name for crusted scabies is Norwegian scabies. These crusts house 100s to 1,000s ...

197

Warning Signs of Bullying  

MedlinePLUS

... to talk to kids about bullying. Respond to Bullying Learn how to respond to bullying . From stopping ... away . Back to top Signs a Child is Bullying Others Kids may be bullying others if they: ...

198

The Babinski sign.  

PubMed

Joseph Babinski (1857-1932), a French neurologist of Polish descent, was the first person to describe extension of the big toe following stimulation of the sole of the foot on 22 February 1896 (Babinski, 1896). He referred to the sign as 'phénomène des orteils' (toes phenomenon) but it is now usually referred to eponymously as the 'Babinski sign' or descriptively as the extensor plantar response. PMID:22041660

Morrow, Jasper M; Reilly, Mary M

2011-10-01

199

Signs in thoracic imaging.  

PubMed

Radiologic signs are recognizable, characteristic patterns used to describe abnormalities visualized on imaging modalities that ultimately aid in the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of disease. This pictorial essay discusses 23 classic roentgenographic signs used in thoracic imaging. Its purpose is to be used as an educational review for residents, whether they are beginning their training or preparing for certification exams, and serve as a refresher and a reference to the practicing radiologist. PMID:16538167

Marshall, Geoffrey B; Farnquist, Brenda A; MacGregor, John H; Burrowes, Paul W

2006-03-01

200

Sign On to Computers: A Dictionary of Computer Signs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual defines basic computer terminology and presents sign language gestures for the terms. The manual uses the Atlanta Area School for the Deaf's Manually Coded English Sign Language System, a compilation of signs derived from Signing Exact English and American Sign Language; it also indicates those instances where fingerspelling is…

Zier, Cathy Diane; And Others

201

Automatic Sign Segmentation from Continuous Signing via Multiple Sequence Alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to build a sign language recognition framework, one needs to collect sign databases that contain multiple samples of isolated signs, which is a hard and time consum- ing task. In this study, our aim is to obtain such a database by automatically extracting isolated signs from continuou s signing, recorded from the broadcast news for the hearing- impaired.

Pinar Santemiz; Oya Aran; Murat Saraclar; Lale Akarun

202

Hot and cold ethnicities: modes of Ethnolinguistic Vitality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the summary of the special issue of JMMD ‘Ethnolinguistic vitality’. The volume shows convincingly that ethnolinguistic vitality perceptions as measured by standard methodology such as the Subjective Ethnolinguistic Vitality Questionnaires (SEVQ) are not reliable indicators of actual vitality. Evidence that ethnolinguistic behaviour is more affected by social structural factors and by members' motivations than by their subjective

Martin Ehala

2011-01-01

203

Sign detection for autonomous navigation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile robots currently cannot detect and read arbitrary signs. This is a major hindrance to mobile robot usability, since they cannot be tasked using directions that are intuitive to humans. It also limits their ability to report their position relative to intuitive landmarks. Other researchers have demonstrated some success on traffic sign recognition, but using template based methods limits the set of recognizable signs. There is a clear need for a sign detection and recognition system that can process a much wider variety of signs: traffic signs, street signs, store-name signs, building directories, room signs, etc. We are developing a system for Sign Understanding in Support of Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN), that detects signs from various cues common to most signs: vivid colors, compact shape, and text. We have demonstrated the feasibility of our approach on a variety of signs in both indoor and outdoor locations.

Goodsell, Thomas G.; Snorrason, Magnús S.; Cartwright, Dustin; Stube, Brian; Stevens, Mark R.; Ablavsky, Vitaly X.

2003-09-01

204

Vital equipment/area guidelines study: Vital area committee report: Final report  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted by the staff to (1) re-evaluate the guidelines and bases used to determine what are the vital equipment and areas to be protected against radiological sabotage in nuclear power plants and (2) to recommend revised guidance. On the basis of this study, the staff has recommended a revised vital equipment/area protection philosophy: to protect as vital the reactor coolant pressure boundary and one train of equipment that would provide the capability to achieve and maintain hot shutdown. To implement this overall protection philosophy, the saff also has recommended new analysis assumptions or guidelines to identify the specific equipment and areas in each plant that require protection as ''vital''.

Not Available

1988-02-01

205

The Meaning of Signs:  

PubMed Central

This article reconstructs the diagnostic act of the French pox in the French-disease hospital of sixteenth-century Augsburg. It focuses on how the participants in the clinical encounter imagined the configuration of the pox and its localization in the human body. Of central importance for answering this question is the early modern conception of physical signs. It has been argued that it was due to a specific understanding of bodily signs and their relationship to a disease and its causes, that disease definition and classification in the early modern period showed a high degree of flexibility and fluidity. This paper looks at how the sixteenth-century theoretical conception of physical signs not only shaped the diagnosis and treatment of the pox but also reflected the overall organization of institutions.

Stein, Claudia

2006-01-01

206

American Sign Language University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As more people become interested in learning American Sign Language, there have been a number of individuals who have begun to create websites that offer free resources related to this language. Dr. Bill Vicars is one such individual, and his site contains resources for students, teachers, parents, and your garden-variety web surfer. In the section designed for students, visitors can use the online sign language dictionary (complete with demonstration photographs), fingerspelling lessons, and numbers lessons. The section for teachers is a real gem, as it includes a number of sample syllabi, general guidelines for instructors, as well as an online library that includes subjects such as regional dialects in ASL, Chinese Sign Language and the National Theater of the Deaf. Finally, the site contains a special section for parents. Here, they can learn more about communicating effectively with their child who is deaf.

Vicars, William G.

207

Sign Language Web Pages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Wide Web has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The…

Fels, Deborah I.; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G.

2006-01-01

208

Signs of Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how to make a well-designed signage package that is effective and enhances visitor first impressions of an institution. Examines questions to ask when planning traffic-pattern signage and the significance of the different hierarchy of signs; concludes with advice on signage design. (GR)

Styles-Lopez, Robin

1998-01-01

209

The Hypodense Artery Sign  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: An acute intracranial embolus may be associ- ated with a hyperdense artery sign on CT, related to acute thrombus within the affected artery, a phenomenon that is well known and has been extensively documented. We present an unusual case of a middle cerebral artery terri- tory acute infarct with a hypodense artery on CT. The Hounsfield unit attenuation of

Thomas C. Lee; Eric S. Bartlett; Allan J. Fox; Sean P. Symons

210

Gowers' sign revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the patterns of standing in children with neuromuscular disorders and central hypotonia for Gowers' sign, and compared these two groups with healthy controls. More children with central hypotonia than controls rolled prone before standing at 36 months; at this age all children with neuromuscular disorders rolled prone. Neurological assessment is indicated in children continuing to roll prone before

G B Wallace; R W Newton

1989-01-01

211

Derivative Sign Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of the patterns of signs of infinitely differentiable real functions shows that only four patterns are possible if the function is required to exhibit the pattern at all points in its domain and that domain is the set of all real numbers. On the other hand all patterns are possible if the domain is a bounded open interval.|

Clark, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

212

The neon sign  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What are a crumpled 55-gallon steel barrel and a tavern-style neon sign doing in the hallway of the physics building at a renowned and revered educational institution? It's attracting attention, stopping people in their tracks, and sending a message: physics is about size and color, motion and interaction; it's fun and it's interesting, something to experience for yourself.

Sampere, Samuel M.

1999-03-01

213

Vital pulp therapy for the primary dentition.  

PubMed

The goal of primary tooth pulp therapy is the preservation of the primary teeth until their normal time of exfoliation. Teeth with carious involvement approaching the pulp can be treated with a variety of approaches, including three pulpotomy techniques--diluted formocresol, ferric sulfate, and mineral trioxide aggregate--and an indirect pulp therapy technique. Accurate diagnosis of the vitality status of the pulp is critical to the success of each treatment and involves careful radiographic and clinical assessment of the teeth to make sure that they are either healthy or reversibly inflamed. PMID:20478799

Seale, N Sue; Coll, James A

214

The neurology of sign language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forms of sign language have developed in a number of countries. American Sign Language, which originated from French signing, has been most extensively researched. As sign language is based on gestures executed in space and perceived visually it might be thought that it would mainly be a function of the right cerebral hemisphere when this is the non-dominant one. A

Neil Gordon

2004-01-01

215

Vital Statistics Divorce Data, Detail, 1989 (on Magnetic Tape).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics data for divorce provide information for divorces during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of States which meet reporting c...

1989-01-01

216

Vital Statistics Divorce, Detail, 1979, Tape Contents and Documenation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorces occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of States whic...

1979-01-01

217

Vital Statistics Natality Data, Local Area Summary, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to natality provide demographic and health data for births occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from birth certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State and the Dist...

R. Heuser J. D. Farrell

1983-01-01

218

Hand augmentation with stabilized hyaluronic acid (Macrolane VRF20 and Restylane Vital, Restylane Vital Light).  

PubMed

Volume augmentation of the back of the hand is a new technique which is not yet often employed. We describe the treatment of two patients who received hyaluronic acid products produced by Q-Med (Macrolane VRF20, Restylane Vital and Vital Light). The injections of Macrolane VRF 20 were done by feathering technique using a long and blunt 18 gauge canula while Restylane was injected by tunneling or tenting technique with a 30 gauge needle. Significant adverse events did not occur. After injection of the hyaluronic acid fillers, the appearance of the back of the hands was improved. Both patients were very satisfied with the result. PMID:19817949

Hartmann, Vanessa; Bachmann, Frank; Plaschke, Martina; Gottermeier, Tobias; Nast, Alexander; Rzany, Berthold

2009-10-09

219

22 CFR 92.80 - Obtaining American vital statistics records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Obtaining American vital statistics records. 92.80 Section 92.80...92.80 Obtaining American vital statistics records. Individuals who inquire...to direct their inquires to the Vital Statistics Office at the place where...

2013-04-01

220

Activated barrier for protection of special nuclear materials in vital areas  

SciTech Connect

The Argonne National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratory have recently installed an activated barrier, the Access Denial System (ADS) for the upgrade of safeguards of special nuclear materials. The technology of this system was developed in the late 70's by Sandia National Laboratory-Albuquerque. The installation was the first for the Department of Energy. Subsequently, two additional installations have been completed. The Access Denial System, combined with physical restraints, provide the system delay. The principal advantages of the activated barrier are: (1) it provides an order of magnitude improvement in delay over that of a fixed barrier, (2) it can be added to existing vital areas with a minimum of renovations, (3) existing operations are minimally impacted, and (4) health and safety risks are virtually nonexistent. Hardening of the vital areas using the ADS was accomplished in a cost-effective manner. 3 references, 1 figure, 1 table.

Timm, R.E.; Miranda, J.E.; Reigle, D.L.; Valente, A.D.

1984-07-15

221

The vital issues process: Strategic planning for a changing world  

SciTech Connect

The Vital Issues process (VIp) is a strategic planning tool initially developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for the Office of Foreign Intelligence (OFI)* of the US Department of Energy (DOE). It was further developed and refined through its application to a variety of strategic purposes for a range of public and semipublic organizations. The VIp provides a structured mechanism for assisting organizations in accomplishing specified objectives by identifying and prioritizing a portfolio of strategic issues, programmatic areas, or responses to a specified problem. It employs day-long panel meetings in a specified format to elicit a broad range of perspectives on a particular issue in a nonconfrontational manner and to facilitate the interaction and synthesis of diverse viewpoints on a specific topic. The VIp is unique in its incorporation of two primary approaches in each panel session: a qualitative or transactional segment, which entails the synthesis of the alternatives through negotiations or discussion, and a quantitative or net benefit maximization segment, an analytical approach, which involves prioritization of the alternatives using pairwise comparisons. This combination of facilitated group discussion and quantitative ranking provides input to strategic management decisions in the form of stakeholder-defined and -prioritized items as well as information on potential barriers to the implementation of policies and programs. This is the final volume in the series Identifying Vital Issues: New Intelligence Strategies for a New World, a three-volume set that gives an accounting of the VIp as implemented for OFI. This volume provides an in-depth description of the methodology used in the VIp.

Engi, D.; Glicken, J.

1995-05-01

222

Planning Sign Languages: Promoting Hearing Hegemony? Conceptualizing Sign Language Standardization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the absence of a codified standard variety in British Sign Language and German Sign Language ("Deutsche Gebardensprache") there have been repeated calls for the standardization of both languages primarily from outside the Deaf community. The paper is based on a recent grounded theory study which explored perspectives on sign language…

Eichmann, Hanna

2009-01-01

223

Sign language for telemanipulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Literal teleoperation doesn't work very well. Limited bandwidth, long latencies, non- anthropomorphic mappings all make the effort of teleoperation tedious at best and ineffective at worst. Instead, users of teleoperated and semi-autonomous systems want their robots to `just do it for them,' without sacrificing the operator's intent. Our goal is to maximize human strategic control in teleoperator assisted robotics. In our teleassisted regime, the human operator provides high-level contexts for low-level autonomous robot behaviors. The operator wears an EXOS hand master to communicate via a natural sign language, such as pointing to objects and adopting a grasp preshape. Each sign indicates intention: e.g., reaching or grasping; and, where applicable, a spatial context: e.g., the pointing axis or preshape frame. The robot, a Utah/MIT hand on a Puma arm, acts under local servo control within the proscribed contexts. This paper extends earlier work [Pook & Ballard 1994a] by adding remote visual sensors to the teleassistance repertoire. To view the robot site, the operator wears a virtual research helmet that is coupled to binocular cameras mounted on a second Puma 760. The combined hand-head sensors allows teleassistance to be performed remotely. The example task is to open a door. We also demonstrate the flexibility of the teleassistance model by bootstrapping a `pick and place' task from the door opening task.

Pook, Polly K.; Ballard, Dana H.

1995-12-01

224

Laboratory interface in support of Environmental Restoration Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A vital part of quality environmental data resides in the communication between the project and the analytical laboratory. It is essential that the project clearly identify its objectives to the laboratory and that the laboratory understands the scope and...

G. J. Pardue

1994-01-01

225

Kinship in Mongolian Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information and research on Mongolian Sign Language is scant. To date, only one dictionary is available in the United States (Badnaa and Boll 1995), and even that dictionary presents only a subset of the signs employed in Mongolia. The present study describes the kinship system used in Mongolian Sign Language (MSL) based on data elicited from…

Geer, Leah

2011-01-01

226

The Role of Sale Signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sale signs increase demand. The apparent effectiveness of this simple strategy is surprising; sale signs are inexpensive to produce and stores generally make no commitment when using them. As a result, they can be placed on any products, and as many products, as stores prefer. If stores can place sale signs on any or all of their products, why are

Eric T. Anderson; Duncan I. Simester

1998-01-01

227

Wavelets for sign language translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wavelet techniques are applied to help extract the relevant parameters of sign language from video images of a person communicating in American Sign Language or Signed English. The compression and edge detection features of two-dimensional wavelet analysis are exploited to enhance the algorithms under development to classify the hand motion, hand location with respect to the body, and handshape. These

Beth J. Wilson; Gretel Anspach

1993-01-01

228

The timing of the forced vital capacity.  

PubMed

Based on analysis of more than 2,500 forced vital capacity (FVC) maneuvers, we examined 2 aspects of the standards for spirometry recommended by the 1977 Snowbird Workshop concerning the timing of the FVC maneuver. We compared the forced expiratory volume in one sec (FEV1) when timing was initiated by the back extrapolation method with FEV1 when timing was initiated by flow or volume threshold to determine whether the latter offered a reliable equivalent. Although the mean differences appear to be relatively small, because of variability in initiating expiratory effort, neither alternative is likely to offer a uniformly accurate numeric equivalent to backward extrapolation. We also measured the volume expired before the initiation of the timing as a per cent of FVC to determine whether 10 per cent was a reasonable limit to apply for acceptability of a test. Although 2 SD from the mean of 4.35 per cent were well within this limit, it appears that the technician's judgment of acceptability is sufficient in most cases. PMID:434602

Knudson, R J; Lebowitz, M D; Slatin, R C

1979-02-01

229

The effects of temperature and salinity on vital biological functions of the Antarctic crustacean Serolis polita  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of temperature rise (from 0 to +5°C) and salinity decline (from 34 to 30 psu) on vital biological functions of the\\u000a Antarctic isopod Serolis polita were studied in laboratory experiments. Behavioural reactions to food odour, as well as righting responses and reburying\\u000a in the sediments, were measured. Both temperature increase and salinity decline impaired the ability of S. polita to

Tomasz Janecki; Anna Kidawa; Marta Potocka

2010-01-01

230

Designing new treatment strategies in vital pulp therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The development of strategies in vital pulp therapy, which aim to maintain vitality and function of the dentine–pulp complex, represents a major focus of attention. Recent progress in understanding the molecular and cellular changes during tooth development and how they are mimicked during dental tissue repair offers the opportunity to now assess whether this knowledge can be exploited to

D Tziafas; A. J Smith; H Lesot

2000-01-01

231

Vital Geographies: Life, Luck, and the Human Condition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life has been problematized anew by recent social change and scientific innovation. There are important and little studied geographical dimensions to any such understanding of “the politics of life itself,” however. A geographical perspective involves, first, highlighting the spatial aspects of both states and capital, two rather neglected dimensions of vital politics. Elaborating the geographical constitution of vital politics entails

Gerry Kearns; Simon Reid-Henry

2009-01-01

232

A PSA-based vital area identification methodology development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a vital area identification method based on the current probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) techniques. The vital area identification method in this paper is focused on core melt rather than radioactive material release. Furthermore, it describes a conceptual framework with which the risk from sabotage-induced events could be assessed.Location minimal cut sets (MCSs) are evaluated after developing a

Chang-Kue Park; Woo Sik Jung; Joon-Eon Yang; Hyun Gook Kang; Aybars G?rpinar; Sok-Chul Kim

2003-01-01

233

Research Vitality as Sustained Excellence: What Keeps the Plates Spinning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Research vitality addresses the perseverance that faculty members in the organization sciences experience in maintaining their research quantity and quality over an extended period of time. The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical model of research vitality. Design/methodology/approach: The authors propose a model consisting…

Gilstrap, J. Bruce; Harvey, Jaron; Novicevic, Milorad M.; Buckley, M. Ronald

2011-01-01

234

Signs of Change: Contemporary Attitudes to Australian Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores contemporary attitudes to Australian Sign Language (Auslan). Since at least the 1960s, sign languages have been accepted by linguists as natural languages with all of the key ingredients common to spoken languages. However, these visual-spatial languages have historically been subject to ignorance and myth in Australia and…

Slegers, Claudia

2010-01-01

235

Annual summary of vital statistics--1998.  

PubMed

Most vital statistics indicators of the health of Americans were stable or showed modest improvements between 1997 and 1998. The preliminary birth rate in 1998 was 14.6 births per 1000 population, up slightly from the record low reported for 1997 (14.5). The fertility rate, births per 1000 women aged 15 to 44 years, increased 1% to 65.6 in 1998, compared with 65.0 in 1997. The 1998 increases, although modest, were the first since 1990, halting the steady decline in the number of births and birth and fertility rates in the 1990s. Fertility rates for total white, non-Hispanic white, and Native American women each increased from 1% to 2% in 1998. The fertility rate for black women declined 19% from 1990 to 1996, but has changed little since 1996. The rate for Hispanic women, which dropped 2%, was lower than in any year for which national data have been available. Birth rates for women 30 years or older continued to increase. The proportion of births to unmarried women remained about the same at one third. The birth rate for teen mothers declined again for the seventh consecutive year, and the use of timely prenatal care (82.8%) improved for the ninth consecutive year, especially for black (73.3%) and Hispanic (74.3%) mothers. The number and rate of multiple births continued their dramatic rise; the number of triplet and higher-order multiple births jumped 16% between 1996 and 1997, accounting, in part, for the slight increase in the percentage of low birth weight (LBW) births. LBW continued to increase from 1997 to 1998 to 7.6%. The infant mortality rate (IMR) was unchanged from 1997 to 1998 (7.2 per 1000 live births). The ratio of the IMR among black infants to that for white infants (2.4) remained the same in 1998 as in 1997. Racial differences in infant mortality remain a major public health concern. In 1997, 65% of all infant deaths occurred to the 7.5% of infants born LBW. Among all of the states, Maine, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire had the lowest IMRs. State-by-state differences in IMR reflect racial composition, the percentage LBW, and birth weight-specific neonatal mortality rate for each state. The United States continues to rank poorly in international comparisons of infant mortality. Expectation of life at birth increased slightly to 76.7 years for all gender and race groups combined. Death rates in the United States continue to decline, including a drop in mortality from human immunodeficiency virus. The age-adjusted death rate for suicide declined 6% in 1998; homicide declined 14%. Death rates for children from all major causes declined again in 1998. A large proportion of childhood deaths, however, continue to occur as a result of preventable injuries. PMID:10585972

Guyer, B; Hoyert, D L; Martin, J A; Ventura, S J; MacDorman, M F; Strobino, D M

1999-12-01

236

Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Registration of births, recording deaths by age, sex and cause, and calculating mortality levels and differentials are fundamental to evidence-based health policy, monitoring and evaluation. Yet few of the countries with the greatest need for these data have functioning systems to produce them despite legislation providing for the establishment and maintenance of vital registration. Sample vital registration (SVR), when applied

Philip W. Setel; Osman Sankoh; Chalapati Rao; Victoria A. Velkoff; Colin Mathers; Yang Gonghuan; Yusuf Hemed; Prabhat Jha; Alan D. Lopez

2005-01-01

237

Symmetry in Sign Language Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the range of ways that sign languages use geometric symmetry temporally and spatially to create poetic effect. Poets use this symmetry in sign language art to highlight duality and thematic contrast, and to create symbolic representations of beauty, order and harmony. (Contains 8 tables, 14 figures and 6 notes.)

Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Kaneko, Michiko

2007-01-01

238

Symmetry in Sign Language Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers the range of ways that sign languages use geometric symmetry temporally and spatially to create poetic effect. Poets use this symmetry in sign language art to highlight duality and thematic contrast, and to create symbolic representations of beauty, order and harmony. (Contains 8 tables, 14 figures and 6 notes.)|

Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Kaneko, Michiko

2007-01-01

239

Spanish Sign in the Americas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Spanish Sign Language (SSL) is now the second most used sign language. This article introduces resources for the study of SSL, including three SSL dictionaries--two from Argentina and one from Puerto Rico. Differences in SSL between and within the two countries are noted. Implications for deaf educators in North America are drawn. (Author/DB)|

Schein, Jerome D.

1995-01-01

240

Arabic Sign Language: A Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sign language in the Arab World has been recently recognized and documented. Many efforts have been made to establish the sign language used in individual countries, including Jordan, Egypt, Libya, and the Gulf States, by trying to standardize the language and spread it among members of the Deaf community and those concerned. Such efforts…

Abdel-Fattah, M. A.

2005-01-01

241

How to Sign Digital Streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new efficient paradigm for signing digital streams. The problem of signingdigital streams to prove their authenticity is substantially different from the problemof signing regular messages. Traditional signature schemes are message oriented andrequire the receiver to process the entire message before being able to authenticate itssignature. However, a stream is a potentially very long ( or infinite) sequence

Rosario Gennaro; Pankaj Rohatgi

1997-01-01

242

Signing Apes and Evolving Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Linguistics retains from its antecedents, philology and the study of sacred writings, some of their apologetic and theological bias. Thus it has not been able to face squarely the question how linguistic function may have evolved from animal communication. Chimpanzees' use of signs from American Sign Language forces re-examination of language…

Stokoe, William C.

243

The Typology of Literary Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the usefulness for literary studies of some of Pierce's key terms and concepts: icon, index, symbol, image, and diagram. Argues that Pierce's description of signs may be usefully applied to literary signs and particularly to the problem of symbolism. Charts. (RB)|

Browne, Robert M.

1971-01-01

244

Cutaneous signs of systemic disease.  

PubMed

Commonly used dermatologic eponyms and characteristic skin signs are enormously helpful in guiding a diagnosis, even though they may not be pathonemonic. They include, on the nails, Aldrich-Mees' lines (syn.: Mees' lines), Beau's lines, Muehrcke's lines, Terry's nails, and half and half nails, often associated, respectively, with arsenic poisoning, acute stress or systemic illness, severe hypertension, liver disease and uremia, and, around the nails, Braverman's sign, associated with collagen-vascular disease. Elsewhere, one may see the Asboe-Hansen and Nikolsky's signs, indicative of the pemphigus group of diseases, Auspitz's sign, a classic finding in psoriasis, Borsieri's and Pasita's signs, seen in early scarlet fever, the butterfly rash, indicative of systemic lupus erythematosus, and the buffalo hump, seen in Cushing's disease and also in the more common corticosteroid toxicity. Gottron's papules and the heliotrope rash are signs of dermatomyositis. Janeway's lesions and Osler's nodes are seen in bacterial endocarditis. A Dennie-Morgan fold under the eye is seen in association with atopic disease. Koplik's spots are an early sign of rubeola. Fitzpatrick's sign is indicative of a benign lesion (dermatofibroma), whereas Hutchinson's sign is indicative of a malignant one (subungual melanoma). Petechiae are seen in many diseases, including fat embolization, particularly from a large bone fracture following trauma. Palpable purpura is indicative of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, and is an early, critical sign in Rickettsial diseases, including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, which must be diagnosed and treated early. Hyperpigmentation of areolae and scars is seen in Addison's disease. Acanthosis nigricans may indicate internal cancer, especially stomach cancer, whereas Bazex's syndrome occurs in synchrony with primary, usually squamous cancer, in the upper aerodigestive tract or metastatic cancer in cervical lymph nodes. Perioral pigmented macules or one or more cutaneous sebaceous neoplasms may be a sign of the Peutz-Jeghers or Muir-Torre syndrome, respectively, both associated also with intestinal polyps that have a malignant potential. Telangiectasiae in the perioral region may be associated with similar lesions internally in Osler-Weber-Rendu disease. Kerr's sign is indicative of spinal cord injury and Darier's sign of mastocytosis. Post proctoscopic periobital purpura (PPPP) is a phenomenon observed in some patients with systemic amyloidosis. Koebner's isomorphic response refers to the tendency of an established dermatosis, such as psoriasis, to arise in (a) site(s) of trauma, whereas Wolf's isotrophic response refers to a new dermatosis, such as tinea, not yet seen in the patient, arising in (a) site(s) of a former but different dermatosis, such as zoster. PMID:21855727

Patel, Laju M; Lambert, Phelps J; Gagna, Claude E; Maghari, Amin; Lambert, W Clark

245

California Department of Health Services: Vital Statistics Data Tables  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the California Department of Health Services, this Website contains data on births, deaths, fetal deaths, abortions, marriages, and divorces in the Golden State. The data posted here cover vital statistics from 1989 to 2000, including highlights from the "Advance Reports" (the main documentation of vital statistics data for the state) for 1994-1998 and data tables comparing California's vital statistics to those of the nation or breaking down these same statistics by county. There is also a link to a listing of publications of data by the department, some of which are available online.

246

ReflectiveSigns: Digital Signs That Adapt to Audience Attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents ReflectiveSigns, i.e. digital signage (public electronic displays) that automatically learns the audience\\u000a preferences for certain content in different contexts and presents content accordingly. Initially, content (videos, images\\u000a and news) are presented in a random manner. Using cameras installed on the signs, the system observes the audience and detects\\u000a if someone is watching the content (via face detection).

Jörg Müller; Juliane Exeler; Markus Buzeck; Antonio Krüger

2009-01-01

247

Vital Statistics of the United States: 1963-64.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The reports present statistical data concerning: birth-registration area; birth, stillbirth and infant mortality; death-registration area; and vital statistics of the United States beginning with 1937. Individual reports are also available as follows:

1972-01-01

248

The Basis of Individuality in Organisms. A Defense of Vitalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A. The Scientific Problem of Individuality Vitalism vs. Mechanism.--As formulated by Jennings ('14, p. 17) the problem reads: Is individuality a phenomenon not determined by the perceptual conditions, but requiring to account for it the agency of a non-perceptual agent? There are two historical answers: 1. The Thesis of Vitalism.--That ``individuality is a phenomenon not determined by the perceptual conditions

H. V. Neal

1916-01-01

249

Demographic meta-analysis: synthesizing vital rates for spotted owls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. Effective resource management ultimately influences vital rates of fecundity and survival for target species. Meta-analysis can be used to combine results from multiple demographic studies replicated in time and space to obtain estimates of vital rates as well as metrics of population growth. 2. Wo rkshop formats were used to conduct meta-analyses of mark-recapture experi- ments on spotted

MARK S. BOYCE; LARRY L. IRWIN; RICHARD BARKER

2005-01-01

250

Psoriatic Arthritis: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... is often a sign of psoriatic arthritis. Sausage digit Psoriatic arthritis can cause a finger or toe ... swollen finger or toe is called a sausage digit. Heel pain Some people who have psoriatic arthritis ...

251

Warning Signs of Youth Violence  

MedlinePLUS

... organizing video viewing and discussion programs and giving media interviews and presentations. In January 2013, the Warni ng Signs of Youth Violence guide was updated with assistance from the ...

252

Ecological thresholds as a basis for defining management triggers for National Park Service vital signs: case studies for dryland ecosystems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Threshold concepts are used in research and management of ecological systems to describe and interpret abrupt and persistent reorganization of ecosystem properties (Walker and Meyers, 2004; Groffman and others, 2006). Abrupt change, referred to as a threshold crossing, and the progression of reorganization can be triggered by one or more interactive disturbances such as land-use activities and climatic events (Paine and others, 1998). Threshold crossings occur when feedback mechanisms that typically absorb forces of change are replaced with those that promote development of alternative equilibria or states (Suding and others, 2004; Walker and Meyers, 2004; Briske and others, 2008). The alternative states that emerge from a threshold crossing vary and often exhibit reduced ecological integrity and value in terms of management goals relative to the original or reference system. Alternative stable states with some limited residual properties of the original system may develop along the progression after a crossing; an eventual outcome may be the complete loss of pre-threshold properties of the original ecosystem. Reverting to the more desirable reference state through ecological restoration becomes increasingly difficult and expensive along the progression gradient and may eventually become impossible. Ecological threshold concepts have been applied as a heuristic framework and to aid in the management of rangelands (Bestelmeyer, 2006; Briske and others, 2006, 2008), aquatic (Scheffer and others, 1993; Rapport and Whitford 1999), riparian (Stringham and others, 2001; Scott and others, 2005), and forested ecosystems (Allen and others, 2002; Digiovinazzo and others, 2010). These concepts are also topical in ecological restoration (Hobbs and Norton 1996; Whisenant 1999; Suding and others, 2004; King and Hobbs, 2006) and ecosystem sustainability (Herrick, 2000; Chapin and others, 1996; Davenport and others, 1998). Achieving conservation management goals requires the protection of resources within the range of desired conditions (Cook and others, 2010). The goal of conservation management for natural resources in the U.S. National Park System is to maintain native species and habitat unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. Achieving this goal requires, in part, early detection of system change and timely implementation of remediation. The recent National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring program (NPS I&M) was established to provide early warning of declining ecosystem conditions relative to a desired native or reference system (Fancy and others, 2009). To be an effective tool for resource protection, monitoring must be designed to alert managers of impending thresholds so that preventive actions can be taken. This requires an understanding of the ecosystem attributes and processes associated with threshold-type behavior; how these attributes and processes become degraded; and how risks of degradation vary among ecosystems and in relation to environmental factors such as soil properties, climatic conditions, and exposure to stressors. In general, the utility of the threshold concept for long-term monitoring depends on the ability of scientists and managers to detect, predict, and prevent the occurrence of threshold crossings associated with persistent, undesirable shifts among ecosystem states (Briske and others, 2006). Because of the scientific challenges associated with understanding these factors, the application of threshold concepts to monitoring designs has been very limited to date (Groffman and others, 2006). As a case in point, the monitoring efforts across the 32 NPS I&M networks were largely designed with the knowledge that they would not be used to their full potential until the development of a systematic method for understanding threshold dynamics and methods for estimating key attributes of threshold crossings. This report describes and demonstrates a generalized approach that we implemented to formalize understanding and estimating of threshold dynamics for terrestrial dryland ecosystems in nationa

Bowker, Matthew A.; Miller, Mark E.; Belote, R. Travis; Garman, Steven L.

2013-01-01

253

Single-Antenna Doppler Radars Using Self and Mutual Injection Locking for Vital Sign Detection With Random Body Movement Cancellation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a single-antenna self-injection-locked (SIL) radar to reduce the hardware complexity of continuous-wave (CW) Doppler systems. The theory provides a basis for determining the signal-to-noise spectral density ratio (SNDR) with the effects of clutter. Experimental results agree closely with the theoretical predictions, showing that the clutter does not affect the optimal SNR performance in an SIL radar. A

Fu-Kang Wang; Tzyy-Sheng Horng; Kang-Chun Peng; Je-Kuan Jau; Jian-Yu Li; Cheng-Chung Chen

2011-01-01

254

Emergency Medical Service and In-Hospital Vital Signs as Predictors of Subsequent PTSD Symptom Severity in Pediatric Injury Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The present study investigated the extent to which heart rate (HR) levels soon after a traumatic event predicted posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity assessed 6 weeks and 6 months later in child trauma victims. Methods: Participants consisted of 82 children (56 boys, 26 girls) aged 8-18 who were admitted to a…

Nugent, Nicole R.; Christopher, Norman C.; Delahanty, Douglas L.

2006-01-01

255

Effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, vital signs, and sleep quality of percutaneous coronary intervention patients in intensive care units.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6?:?2?:?0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same essential oils were inhaled another 10 times after PCI. Outcome measures patients' state anxiety, sleeping quality, and BP. An aromatherapy group showed significantly low anxiety (t = 5.99, P < .001) and improving sleep quality (t = -3.65, P = .001) compared with conventional nursing intervention. The systolic BP of both groups did not show a significant difference by time or in a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 4.63, P = .036). The diastolic BP did not show any significant difference by time or by a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups (F = 6.93, P = .011). In conclusion, the aromatherapy effectively reduced the anxiety levels and increased the sleep quality of PCI patients admitted to the ICU. Aromatherapy may be used as an independent nursing intervention for reducing the anxiety levels and improving the sleep quality of PCI patients. PMID:23476690

Cho, Mi-Yeon; Min, Eun Sil; Hur, Myung-Haeng; Lee, Myeong Soo

2013-02-17

256

Implementing routine screening for distress, the sixth vital sign, for patients with head and neck and neurologic cancers.  

PubMed

This study examined the benefits of incorporating screening for distress as a routine part of care for patients with head and neck and neurologic cancers in a tertiary cancer center. Using a comparative 2-cohort pre-post implementation sequential design, consecutive outpatients with head and neck and neurologic cancers were recruited into 2 separate cohorts. Cohort 1 included patients attending clinics during April 2010, before the implementation of the screening program. The program was then implemented and patients completed the Screening for Distress Minimum Dataset (the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System [ESAS] and the Canadian Problem Checklist [CPC]) at each clinic visit. Cohort 2 included patients attending clinics during March 2011. Consenting patients completed screening and outcome measures (ESAS, CPC, and either the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain or the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck). A total of 146 patients (78 head and neck and 68 neurologic) provided data for Cohort 1, and 143 (81 head and neck and 62 neurologic) provided data for Cohort 2. Compared with Cohort 1, patients with neurologic cancers in Cohort 2 reported significantly higher scores on the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy: General total and emotional quality of life subscale; fewer high scores (?4) on the ESAS breathlessness item; and fewer problems with fears/worries, frustration/anger, finding meaning in life, and worry about friends/family. Head and neck patients in Cohort 2 reported significantly higher emotional quality of life and fewer problems with eating and weight than those in Cohort 1. Although no definitive causal attributions can be made, patients exposed to routine screening for distress reported better well-being and fewer emotional, physical, and practical problems than historical controls. PMID:24142826

Bultz, Barry D; Waller, Amy; Cullum, Jodi; Jones, Paula; Halland, Johan; Groff, Shannon L; Leckie, Catriona; Shirt, Lisa; Blanchard, Scott; Lau, Harold; Easaw, Jacob; Fassbender, Konrad; Carlson, Linda E

2013-10-01

257

Automated, wireless, continuous, intelligent, and noninvasive systems for risk management and performance improvement in vital signs monitoring.  

PubMed

Few health professionals need to stay up-to-date on as many different problems and solutions as risk managers do. Consequently, a single solution that resolves several problems at once is really helpful for job performance, especially when it doesn't require duplicating effort in multiple areas. This article summarizes current literature about one such technology that helps risk managers address 3 of today's biggest challenges for healthcare delivery organizations: reducing costs, improving quality, and preventing harm across the continuum of clinical care; ensuring valid and reliable data for healthcare clinical and managerial decision makers; and adopting technologies that improve the medical marketplace. PMID:23861119

Bauer, Jeffrey C

2013-01-01

258

Subtle signs of zonular damage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To describe 5 subtle signs of zonular damage.Setting: Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.Methods: Three patients with a history of ocular trauma and 1 patient with Marfan's syndrome are described. During the preoperative examination, subtle signs of zonular damage were detected. As a result of the early recognition, critical modifications in cataract surgery technique and technology were made.Results: The

Daniela M. V Marques; Frederico F Marques; Robert H Osher

2004-01-01

259

About the sign ofm212  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present status of the problem of identifying the sign ofm212 is discussed in view of the development of new methods of detection of solar neutrinos. The results of solar neutrino experiments (1)-(5) plus KamLAND (6) give strong evidence that neutrinos are massive particles and do oscillate (7). The important point is that KamLAND experiment allows both signs form212 while

Anatoly Kopylov

260

Triage of the Sign Problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the sign problem in QCD at nonzero chemical potential and its relation with chiral symmetry breaking and the spectrum of the Dirac operator using the framework of chiral random matrix theory. We show that the Banks--Casher formula is not valid for theories with a sign problem and has to be replaced by an alternative mechanism that is worked out in detail for QCD in one dimension at nonzero chemical potential.

Splittorff, K.; Verbaarschot, J. J. M.

2007-12-01

261

Rethinking children's programming with contextual signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to children's programming inspired by the semiotics of comics. The idea is to build computer programs in a direct and concrete way by using a class of signs that we call contextual signs. There are two aspects that distinguish contextual signs from other sign systems used for programming. The first is that the signs are displayed

Ylva Fernaeus; Mikael Kindborg; Robert Scholz

2006-01-01

262

20 CFR 416.928 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...demonstrable phenomena that indicate specific psychological abnormalities, e.g., abnormalities of behavior, mood, thought, memory, orientation, development, or perception. They must also be shown by observable facts that can be medically described...

2013-04-01

263

20 CFR 404.1528 - Symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...tests, electrophysiological studies (electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram, etc.), roentgenological studies (X-rays), and psychological tests. [45 FR 55584, Aug. 20, 1980, as amended at 65 FR 50775, Aug. 21, 2000; 71...

2013-04-01

264

Selected publication trends in JEAB: Implications for the vitality of the experimental analysis of behavior  

PubMed Central

To provide some insight into the current vitality of the experimental analysis of behavior, we updated and extended an analysis by R. A. Williams and Buskist (1983) of selected trends in the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Specifically, the number of articles published and the percentage of those articles that were empirical, the number of different affiliations of authors and number of articles per affiliation, the types of subjects used in empirical articles, and the topics investigated were analyzed for the years 1958 through 1999. Although several trends may point to a decline in the overall well-being of the experimental analysis of behavior, they may also be interpreted as signs of progress for the field.

Saville, Bryan K.; Epting, L. Kimberly; Buskist, William

2002-01-01

265

Minimal Luminance Requirement for Official Highway Signs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the study were to establish minimal levels of sign luminance for various signing applications and conditions, and to develop a structure for determining sign maintenance priorities. The objectives were addressed via development of a syst...

D. J. Mace R. S. Hostetter L. E. Pollack W. D. Zweig

1986-01-01

266

Helpful Self-Control: Autonomy Support, Vitality, and Depletion  

PubMed Central

Why someone exerts self-control may influence how depleting a task is. Feeling compelled to exert self-control require more self-control strength than exerting self-control for more autonomous reasons. Across three experiments, individuals whose autonomy was supported while exerting self-control performed better on a subsequent test of self-control as compared to individuals who had more pressure placed upon them while exerting self-control. The differences in self-control performance were not due to anxiety, stress, unpleasantness, or reduced motivation among the controlled participants. Additional analyses suggested that the decline in self-control performance was mediated by subjective vitality. Feelings of autonomy support lead to enhanced feelings of subjective vitality. This increased vitality may help replenish lost ego-strength, which lead to better self-control performance subsequently.

Muraven, Mark; Gagne, Marylene; Rosman, Heather

2008-01-01

267

Animated American Sign Language Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Randy Stine, an ASL enthusiast, this site is designed to help users learn about ASL and the Deaf community. The heart of the site is the Dictionary, a collection of basic words that are signed in a brief video sequence, a simple, but very clever idea. The Dictionary also contains the signs for A to Z and 0 to 9. Users will also find a large number of resources for and about the Deaf community. These include related links, articles, services, and non-profit agencies.

268

Vital satisfaction as a health indicator in elderly women.  

PubMed

The long life expentancy of the elderly motivates interest in their quality of life. Our study analyzes vital satisfaction as a global indicator of the three dimensions (physical, mental, and social) of the quality of life in relation to health. The subjects were 310 women, with an average age of 71.22 years old (SD 6.72), with minimum education, and active aging. The reliability was examined with the COOP-WONCA Charts and the Nottingham Health Profile. The results show that vital satisfaction significantly correlates with the three dimensions of health, in particular with the mental domain. PMID:20391145

Requena, Carmen; Martínez, Ana Maria; Ortiz, Tomás

2010-01-01

269

Skin Signs in Anorexia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Eating disorders are becoming an epidemic in Europe, particularly among young women, but European studies concerning this topic are few. In eating disorders, significant medical complications occur in all of the primary human organ systems, including the skin. Objective: The purpose of this study was to improve the knowledge of skin signs in anorexia nervosa (AN) and verify whether

R. Strumìa; E. Varotti; E. Manzato; M. Gualandi

2001-01-01

270

The Sociolinguistics of Sign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines how sign languages are distributed around the world; what occurs when they come in contact with spoken and written languages, and how signers use them in a variety of situations. Each chapter introduces the key issues in a particular area of inquiry and provides a comprehensive review of the literature. The seven…

Lucas, Ceil, Ed.

271

Road Signs in Ethical Quicksand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some of the major moral and ethical dilemmas illustrated by authors in this special journal issue are highlighted. From an ethical viewpoint, the complexity of evaluation activities is likened to "quicksand" terrain in which directional or warning signs should be erected to aid personal choices when such issues are encountered. (Author/DWH)|

Jerrell, S. Lee; Jerrell, Jeanette M.

1985-01-01

272

Noise, Sign Problems, and Statistics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show how sign problems in simulations of many-body systems can manifest themselves in the form of heavy-tailed correlator distributions, similar to what is seen in electron propagation through disordered media. We propose an alternative statistical approach for extracting ground state energies in such systems, illustrating the method with a toy model and with lattice data for unitary fermions.

Endres, Michael G.; Kaplan, David B.; Lee, Jong-Wan; Nicholson, Amy N.

2011-11-01

273

The HyperSign Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes ongoing activities and results of the HyperSign Immersion Project developed at the Public School for the Deaf in New York City, New York. The project's objectives were to: (1) provide a means to enable Deaf students to assume a self-directed role in education; (2) provide an on-site prototype of a technologically supportive…

Abdulezer, Susan

274

The Sociolinguistics of Sign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers examines how sign languages are distributed around the world; what occurs when they come in contact with spoken and written languages, and how signers use them in a variety of situations. Each chapter introduces the key issues in a particular area of inquiry and provides a comprehensive review of the literature. The…

Lucas, Ceil, Ed.

275

Signing Shakespeare: Romeo Loves Juliet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A language arts teacher of junior high students with deafness or hearing impairments familiarized her students with "Romeo and Juliet" by telling the story in speech and signs, exploring the characters's personalities, reviewing vocabulary, putting the characters into contemporary situations, and directing the students in a full-scale production…

Goldfarb, Liz; Cambridge, Terry

1995-01-01

276

The HyperSign Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes ongoing activities and results of the HyperSign Immersion Project developed at the Public School for the Deaf in New York City, New York. The project's objectives were to: (1) provide a means to enable Deaf students to assume a self-directed role in education; (2) provide an on-site prototype of a technologically supportive…

Abdulezer, Susan

277

Poison Ivy: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... urushiol (you-ROO-shee-all). Urushiol is the oil in poison ivy, oak and sumac. You find this oil in all parts of the plants — the leaves, ... days. If you have a reaction to the oil, you can have these signs (what you see) ...

278

Sign codes and sign language: two orders of communication.  

PubMed

Deaf children, like all children, are born with a capacity for language; i.e. the symbolization and expression of cognitive functioning. Until the age at which hearing children are talking, deaf children communicate well with others, using their sight, touch, and other actions--the common gestures in the culture of their caretakers. The chief problem in communication arises when hearers reject the deaf child's gestural symbolization of his developing language knowledge. The problem is aggravated by insistence that the child use speech as do those who hear. Linguistic, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral problems may then follow, because of the attitude and actions of the hearing. All these problems can be resolved by early recognizing that the deaf person has a language and by honestly trying to learn and use it. This language is not a set of signs standing for spoken words but a complete language with its own rules for making sense in signed sentences. PMID:659651

Stokoe, W C

1978-04-01

279

The "guitar pick" sign: a novel sign of retrobulbar hemorrhage.  

PubMed

Retrobulbar hemorrhage is a rare complication of blunt ocular trauma. Without prompt intervention, permanent reduction in visual acuity can develop in as little as 90 minutes. We report a novel bedside ultrasound finding of conical deformation of the posterior ocular globe: the "guitar pick" sign. In our elderly patient, the ocular globe shape normalized post-lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis. Identifying this sonographic finding may add to the clinical examination when deciding whether to perform decompression. PMID:21524372

Theoret, Jonathan; Sanz, Geoffrey E; Matero, David; Guth, Todd; Erickson, Catherine; Liao, Michael M; Kendall, John L

2011-05-01

280

Inferring Ethnolinguistic Vitality in a Community of Northeast Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the use of ethnolinguistic vitality as the framework for a sociolinguistic survey measuring attitudes to multilingualism and reporting on the experiences of a community of Northeast Thailand (Isan) that forms part of Thailand's largest minority. The aim of the study was to examine the experiences of participants in a…

Draper, John Charles

2010-01-01

281

Crying vital capacity. Measurement of neonatal lung function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serial measurements of crying vital capacity (CVC), expressed as ml\\/cm chest circumference, were made by reverse plethysmography during the first 2 weeks of life. Clinically normal babies born at term by elective caesarean section had a smaller mean CVC in the first 2 weeks of life compared with clinically normal term babies born vaginally. In contrast, no significant difference was

M L Chiswick; R D Milner

1976-01-01

282

Media Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality in Bilingual Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses the relationships between media, media use and language retention. In pursuing this aim, we explore the utility of ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) as a fruitful conceptual tool. The extant research on the relationship between the media and language retention and development provides an encouragement to pursue in more detail…

Moring, Tom; Husband, Charles; Lojander-Visapaa, Catharina; Vincze, Laszlo; Fomina, Joanna; Manty, Nadja Nieminen

2011-01-01

283

Chapter 7 Balance and stability in vital soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil vitality is the ability of soil ecosystems to stay in balance internally in a changing world. The author develops a characterization concept based on the concept of ideal soil fertility, in relation to soil quality management.The soil community is inextricably related to soil processes such as the decomposition of organic matter and the mineralization of nutrients. This implies that

P. de Ruiter

2004-01-01

284

Guest Editorial: Cultivating the Vital Element of Youth Mentoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

''One looks back with appreciation to the brilli- ant teachers, but with gratitude to those who touched our human feeling. The curriculum is so much necessary raw material, but warmth is the vital element for the growing plant and for the soul of the child'' Jung, 1943, The Gifted Child. In drawing this analogy to plants, Carl Jung emphasized the

Belle Liang; Jean Rhodes

2007-01-01

285

Career Vitalization and Stress among Professors: An Attributional Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A model that conceptualizes career stress for faculty members and that suggests options for enhancing career vitality is considered. The model draws upon attribution theory, the locus of control in work of Julian Rotter and the literature of depression by Martin E. P. Seligman. It suggests that perceived causes, or attributions, are directly…

Bumpus, J. Frank

286

Career Vitality of Professors: A Cognitive Restructuring Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An attributional model that conceptualizes the pressures that reduce professors' personal and career vitality is presented. The model is based primarily on the locus of control literature and especially the reformulated model of learned helplessness by Lynn Abramson, Martin Seligman, and John Teasdale. The analysis deals only with the cognitive…

Bumpus, J. Frank

287

Broken communication in nursing can kill: teaching communication is vital.  

PubMed

Nursing communication is vital to quality and safe nursing care. Evidence continues to increase that communication breakdowns are responsible for medication errors, unnecessary costs, and inadequate patient care. Nursing students can be taught enhanced communication skills during clinical conferences using innovative teaching strategies, examples of which are described in this article. PMID:23798248

Judd, Maureen

2013-01-01

288

VITAL PULPOTOMY IN PRIMARY TEETH WITH MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE (MTA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Mortal pulpotomy is the most commonly used technique in Bulgaria for treatment of pulp chronic infections in primary teeth. Data from the special literature reveal another method for pulp treatment in primary teeth - vital pulpotomy associated with good adaptive healing response. During the past several years, special attention has been paid to Mineral Trioxide Aggregate -MTA as probable

N. Gateva

2009-01-01

289

Vital Statistics Rates in the United States 1940-1960.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume Vital Statistics Rates in the United States, 1900-1940 was published in 1943. The stated purpose of the volume was to bring together and summarize past time trends and the present status of important mortality and natality rates. It was also sa...

A. M. Hetzel R. D. Grove

1968-01-01

290

Social Security: Strengthening a Vital Safety Net for Latinos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1935, Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans who cannot work because of age or disability. This safety net has been especially critical for Americans of Latino decent, who number more than 50 million or nearly one out of every six Americans. Social Security is critical to Latinos because it is much more…

Cruz, Jeff

2012-01-01

291

Faculty Vitality in the Comprehensive University: Changing Context and Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two surveys of DePaul University (Illinois) faculty, in 1986 and 1992, suggest that models for improvement of faculty vitality at comprehensive universities take into account the particular institutional direction and mission articulation of such institutions, in addition to conventional factors such as workload and reward structure. (MSE)

Chan, Susy S.; Burton, John

1995-01-01

292

Hand Preference in Young Children's Early Signing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined young children's hand usage when they produced American Sign Language signs and while they played, in order to determine their hand preference in early signing and to compare their hand use in signing with their hand preference in other, nonlinguistic, motor actions. Subjects were 24 young children (from the age of 12 months or…

Bonvillian, John D.; And Others

293

Toward computational understanding of sign language  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe some of the current issues in computational sign language processing. Despite the seeming similarities between computational spoken language and sign language processing, signed languages have intrinsic properties that pose some very difficult problems. These include a high level of simultaneous actions, the intersection between signs and gestures, and the complexity of modeling grammatical processes. Additional

Christian Vogler; Siome Goldenstein

294

Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are…

Ktejik, Mish

2013-01-01

295

Eye Gaze in Creative Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the role of eye gaze in creative sign language. Because eye gaze conveys various types of linguistic and poetic information, it is an intrinsic part of sign language linguistics in general and of creative signing in particular. We discuss various functions of eye gaze in poetic signing and propose a classification of gaze…

Kaneko, Michiko; Mesch, Johanna

2013-01-01

296

Old Signs, New Signs, Whose Signs? Sociolinguistic Variation in the NZSL Lexicon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lexicographers, teachers and interpreters of New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) are challenged by the degree of lexical variation that exists in this young language. For instance, most numerals between one and twenty have two or more variants in common use (McKee, McKee, and Major 2008), a situation that contrasts with most established spoken…

McKee, Rachel; McKee, David

2011-01-01

297

[Vital confocal microscopy in evaluation of efficacy of personalized cell therapy in management of early postoperative bullous keratopathy].  

PubMed

The results of vital confocal microscopy (VCM) of 5 patients with early postoperative bullous keratopathy after cataract phakoemulsification (PE) treated with author's technique of personalized cell therapy (PCT, intracameral injection of activated patient's leukocytes in autologous serum) are presented. In 3 of all presented cases endothelial loss after PE was more than 50%. Before PCT using of VCM was not possible due to corneal edema. After 2-3 PCT sessions corneal clarity recovery was observed and signs of regenerative processes in cornea were captured by VCM: activation of keratocytes (hyperreflective nuclei) and endothelial cells (multinucleated cells), descemet membrane folds smoothening, normalization of epithelium. Results of VCM correlate with biomicroscopic signs of corneal edema resolution, corneal clarity recovery, improvement of visual acuity after PCT. PMID:22741292

Kasparova, E A; Borodina, N V; Subbot, A M

298

Science Nation: Signing Made Easy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Studies show as many as 75 percent of hearing parents of deaf children never become fluent signers. Alarmed by these statistics and with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, computer scientist and Georgia Tech professor Thad Starner began to develop interactive tools, such as video games and cell phone apps, to make sign language easier to learn for both the deaf and the hearing communities.

299

Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train  

SciTech Connect

The design of the Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train for E-815 (NuTeV) is set forth. The relevant physics requirements are explained. The optics of the beam are presented, along with an explanation of the proton dumping scheme. A discussion of rates and backgrounds follows, with special care given to backgrounds from scraping and obstructions. The relevant tolerances for beam construction are given and justified by simulations of the beamline. This leads to a discussion of the beam monitoring.

Bernstein, R.; NuTeV Collaboration

1994-05-03

300

Vital Effects in Coccolith Calcite: Cenozoic PCO2 Thresholds in the Development of Carbon Acquisition Strategies in Coccolithophores  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coccolithophores are a unique group of oceanic calcifying phytoplankton that are affected by and feed back into both the organic (via photosynthetic carbon fixation) and inorganic (via calcification) carbon cycles. Their high sensitivity to changes in carbon chemistry and their long fossil record in oceanic sediments provide us with the opportunity to study the evolution of these carbon cycle interactions through time. Deviations from equilibrium during biogenic calcification can result from kinetic or metabolic ('vital') effects. The influence of changing atmospheric partial pressures of carbon dioxide (pCO2) throughout the Cenozoic was likely crucial in driving the development of different carbon acquisition strategies (CAS) that cause the vital effects seen in modern coccolithophores. Here we present new laboratory culture and fossil data examining vital effects in coccolithophores over a range of CO2 concentrations. ODP Site 999 stable isotope data from size-separated coccolith fractions dominated by different species over the Plio-Pleistocene climate transition (PPT) (3.5 to 2 Ma) show a persistent 2 % range of interspecific vital effects in oxygen and carbon isotopes. In contrast, isotope data from extremely well preserved Paleocene/Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) size-separated coccoliths (ODP Site 174AX, Bass River) suggest an absence of interpecific vital effects within the greenhouse boundary condtions of the PETM, suggesting similar CAS among species. Our culture and PPT results indicate a clear positive trend between cell size and C and O isotopic enrichment in coccolith carbonate, likely reflecting different CAS. The insensitivity of coccolith vital effects to pCO2 changes over the range inferred for the PPT (around 400 to 280 ppm) in combination with experimental data imply that the pCO2 threshold that drove the diversification of CAS in coccolithophores was crossed after the PETM but at significantly higher pCO2 than was in place during the PPT.

Bolton, C. T.; Isensee, K.; Stoll, H. M.

2011-12-01

301

Stigma and suicide warning signs.  

PubMed

The current study explored the relationship between stigma and suicide warning signs using a case vignette methodology. Three comparable vignettes were used varying only the essential warning signs, including heart attack, suicidality without specific mention of suicidal thinking, and suicidality with specific mention of suicidal thoughts and associated intent to die. After reading the vignette, participants responded to questions gauging urgency of response, along with their appraisal of the situation across six domains including: seriousness, time (how quickly should they respond), comfort 1 (how comfortable they were with the situation in general), sureness (how sure they were in their response), comfort 2 (how comfortable they were in implementing their response), and hopefulness (how hopeful they were that their response would be helpful). Consistent with study hypotheses, results indicated that participants were significantly less comfortable, less sure, and less hopeful when responding to a suicidal crisis when compared to a heart attack. In addition, participants were significantly less likely to access emergency services for a seriously suicidal individual in comparison to someone suffering a heart attack, instead choosing to talk with family and friends first. The potential moderating effects of family and individual history of psychiatric illness and treatment, along with current individual psychological symptoms, were also explored and discussed, with no significant impact uncovered. The importance of more targeted efforts to train individuals to not just recognize suicide warning signs, but on how to specifically respond, is emphasized. PMID:23889579

Rudd, M David; Goulding, Jeffrey M; Carlisle, Cory J

2013-01-01

302

CERN single sign on solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The need for Single Sign On has always been restricted by the absence of cross platform solutions: a single sign on working only on one platform or technology is nearly useless. The recent improvements in Web Services Federation (WS-Federation) standard enabling federation of identity, attribute, authentication and authorization information can now provide real extended Single Sign On solutions. Various solutions have been investigated at CERN and now, a Web SSO solution using some parts of WS-Federation technology is available. Using the Shibboleth Service Provider module for Apache hosted web sites and Microsoft ADFS as the identity provider linked to Active Directory user, users can now authenticate on any web application using a single authentication platform, providing identity, user information (building, phone...) as well as group membership enabling authorization possibilities. A typical scenario: a CERN user can now authenticate on a Linux/Apache website using Windows Integrated credentials, and his Active Directory group membership can be checked before allowing access to a specific web page.

Ormancey, E.

2008-07-01

303

Improvement of Conspicuity of Trailblazing signs: Phase 3: Evaluation of Fluorescent Colors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents a Phase III effort to design and evaluate further a new sign design for incident route trailblazing. A serious limitation of Phases I and II was that fluorescent colors were not evaluated. Laboratory research and anecdotal evidence ...

V. L. Neale R. L. Anders C. S. Schreiner S. C. Brich

2001-01-01

304

Specification of a Video Test Imagery Library (VITAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB) is part of the Home Office. Amongst its other work, PSDB evaluates intelligent CCTV and vision-based detection systems (VBDS) for security and policing purposes. The principle aims of VITAL are to produce a collection of CCTV images that can be used to evaluate the performance of VBDS and also to provide typical real-world footage for research groups to use in their development programmes.

Botten, Richard R.; Baker, Donna

2004-12-01

305

The Measure of Human Vital Signals Complexity by Matrix Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subject of investigation is extraction of information from vital signals (ECG, accelerometer, SpO2) and using it in diagnostics and assessment of status of human physiological state and complexity. The aim of this study is presentation of data recording system and the analytical methods designed for analysis of complexity and dynamic interrelations between different signal parameters. The results show that expressing of cardiac signals with Hankel and coherence matrices could be useful for diagnostic purposes.

Bikul?ien?, Liepa; Venskaityt?, Eurelija; Gargasas, Liudas; Jurkonis, Vidmantas

306

Validating the Vitality Strategy for Fighting Drug Resistance  

PubMed Central

The current challenge in designing effective drugs against HIV-1 is to find novel candidates with high potency, but with a lower susceptibility to mutations associated with drug resistance. Trying to address this challenge we developed in our previous study1 a novel computational strategy for fighting drug resistance by predicting the likely moves of the virus through constraints on binding and catalysis. This has been based on calculating the vitality values (defined as the ratio ((Kikcat/KM)mutant/ (Kikcat/KM)wild-type) and using it as guide for the moves of the virus. The corresponding calculations of the binding affinity, Ki, were based on using the semi-macroscopic version of the protein dipole Langevin dipole (PDLD/S) in its linear response approximation (LRA) in its ? version (PDLD/S-LRA/?). We, also, calculate the proteolytic efficiency, kcat/KM, by evaluating the transition state (TS) binding free energies using the PDLD/S-LRA/? method. Here we provide an extensive validation of our strategy by calculating the vitality of six existing clinical and experimental drug candidates. It is found that the computationally determined vitalities correlate reasonably well with those derived from the corresponding experimental data. This indicates that the calculated vitality may be used to identify mutations that would be most effective for the survival of the virus. Thus, it should be possible to use our approach in screening for mutations that would provide the most effective resistance to any proposed antiviral drug. This ability should be very useful in guiding the design of drug molecules that will lead to the slowest resistance.

Singh, Nidhi; Frushicheva, Maria P.; Warshel, Arieh

2012-01-01

307

Vitality enhancement of the rehydrated active dry wine yeast.  

PubMed

In winemaking, spontaneous grape must fermentations have been replaced by inoculation of commercial active dry wine yeast (ADWY). Yeast rehydration is the key to avoiding stuck and sluggish fermentations. Despite the importance of this step, not enough is known about what this process implies for winemaking as a whole or about what kind of practices could help to improve it. The main aim of this study is to determine the best yeast rehydration conditions for ensuring good cell viability and vitality before inoculation into the must. The experimental rehydration media in this study can be divided into four groups: carbon and nitrogen compounds, metallic ions, oxidant and antioxidant agents, and membrane fluidity agents. We studied the biochemical and biophysical behaviour of ADWY after rehydration in the various media under oenological conditions, i.e. incubation at 37 degrees C for 30 min. The viability of rehydrated yeast cells was evaluated by plating, and assessed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The vitality of rehydrated cells was estimated by indirect impedance. The rehydrating solution complemented with magnesium provided the best vitality rate because the time taken to reach the activity threshold was cut by two thirds. This improvement was also illustrated by the less time needed to stop the leakage of intracellular compounds during the rehydration process. PMID:18619697

Rodríguez-Porrata, B; Novo, M; Guillamón, J; Rozès, N; Mas, A; Otero, R Cordero

2008-05-22

308

Conditional sign flip via teleportation  

SciTech Connect

We present a model to realize a probabilistic conditional sign flip gate using only linear optics. The gate operates in the space of number-state qubits and is obtained by a nonconventional use of the teleportation protocol. Both a destructive and a nondestructive version of the gate are presented. In the former case an Hadamard gate on the control qubit is combined with a projective teleportation scheme mixing control and target. The success probability is 1/2. In the latter case we need a quantum encoder realized via the interaction of the control qubit with an ancillary state composed of two maximally entangled photons. The success probability is 1/4.

Giorgi, Gian Luca; Pasquale, Ferdinando de [INFM Center for Statisical Mechanics and Complexity, 00185 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Piazzale A. Moro 2, 00185 Rome (Italy); Paganelli, Simone [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Piazzale A. Moro 2, 00185 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bologna, Via Irnerio 46, I-40126, Bologna (Italy)

2004-08-01

309

Produktion och Sjuklighet fram till Slakt Hos Grisar Med och Utan Nedsatt Vitalitet Eller Fysiska Handikapp vid Foedelsen (Productivity and the Occurrence of Disease through Slaughter in Pigs with and without Reduced Vitality or Physical Handicap at Birth),  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was to analyze the production capacity from birth to slaughter, and the occurrence of disease, among apparently normal, well developed pigs at birth, in comparison to pigs that showed signs of reduced vitality or physical handicap...

J. Svendsen A. C. Olsson D. Rantzer

1988-01-01

310

Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics.  

PubMed Central

Registration of births, recording deaths by age, sex and cause, and calculating mortality levels and differentials are fundamental to evidence-based health policy, monitoring and evaluation. Yet few of the countries with the greatest need for these data have functioning systems to produce them despite legislation providing for the establishment and maintenance of vital registration. Sample vital registration (SVR), when applied in conjunction with validated verbal autopsy procedures and implemented in a nationally representative sample of population clusters represents an affordable, cost-effective, and sustainable short- and medium-term solution to this problem. SVR complements other information sources by producing age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality data that are more complete and continuous than those currently available. The tools and methods employed in an SVR system, however, are imperfect and require rigorous validation and continuous quality assurance; sampling strategies for SVR are also still evolving. Nonetheless, interest in establishing SVR is rapidly growing in Africa and Asia. Better systems for reporting and recording data on vital events will be sustainable only if developed hand-in-hand with existing health information strategies at the national and district levels; governance structures; and agendas for social research and development monitoring. If the global community wishes to have mortality measurements 5 or 10 years hence, the foundation stones of SVR must be laid today.

Setel, Philip W.; Sankoh, Osman; Rao, Chalapati; Velkoff, Victoria A.; Mathers, Colin; Gonghuan, Yang; Hemed, Yusuf; Jha, Prabhat; Lopez, Alan D.

2005-01-01

311

A Database of Non-Manual Signs in Turkish Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sign languages are visual languages. The message is not only transferred via hand gestures (manual signs) but also head\\/body motion and facial expressions (non-manual signs). In this article, we present a database of non-manual signs in Turkish sign language (TSL). There are eight non-manual signs in the database, which are frequently used in TSL. The database contains the videos of

Oya Aran; I. Ari; A. Guvensan; H. Haberdar; Z. Kurr; I. Turkmen; A. Uyar; L. Akarun

2007-01-01

312

49 CFR 193.2917 - Warning signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Security § 193.2917 Warning signs. (a) Warning signs must...

2012-10-01

313

23 CFR 750.710 - Landmark signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.710...existence of signs lawfully in existence on October...determination that the sign was in existence on October 22...permitted. Substantial change in size, lighting, or...

2013-04-01

314

49 CFR 193.2917 - Warning signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Security § 193.2917 Warning signs. (a) Warning signs must...

2011-10-01

315

30 CFR 56.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major electrical...

2013-07-01

316

30 CFR 57.12021 - Danger signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12021 Danger signs. Suitable danger signs shall be posted at all major...

2013-07-01

317

Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis? The signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF) ... respiratory, digestive, or reproductive systems of the body. Cystic Fibrosis Figure A shows the organs that cystic fibrosis ...

318

Fixed Message Rural Voluntary Diversion Signing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new concept in traffic control signing, requiring motorists to turnout and stop to read special message signing, was evaluated. Trucks, recreational vehicles, and vehicles pulling trailers are required to turnout and stop to read these special message s...

E. M. Wilson J. L. Henderson C. L. Scrivanich

1986-01-01

319

[Danger signs in the malaria patient].  

PubMed

Danger signs are clinical indicators of severity and are useful to predict complications or death. In the malaria patient, clinical or parasitological signs can be easily be recognized during the acute phase of the illness that indicate serious complications. Danger signs include neurological change, abnormal breathing pattern, persistent vomiting and diarrhea, jaundice, bleeding, dark urine, delayed capillary refill, intense pallor, hyperpyrexia, hyperparasitemia and schizontemia. Timely recognition of these signs can lead to a decrease in cases with complications and deaths. PMID:20128356

Tobón, Alberto

2009-06-01

320

Similarities & Differences in Two Brazilian Sign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

mparison of sign language used by Urubu-Kaapor Indians in the Amazonian jungle (UKSL) and sign language used by deaf people in Sao Paulo (SPSL). In the former situation, deaf people are more integrated and accepted into their community than in Sao Paulo, because most hearing individuals are able and willing to use sign language to communicate with…

Ferreira-Brito, Lucinda

1984-01-01

321

Language Standardization and Signed Language Dictionaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the issue of the use of signed language dictionaries in the standardization of signed languages with reference to the Australian Sign language (Auslan) dictionaries. Details the structure of the Auslan dictionaries and argues that bilingual, bidirectional dictionaries of this type must be produced if communities are to encourage…

Johnston, Trevor

2003-01-01

322

Dictionaries of African Sign Languages: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article gives an overview of dictionaries of African sign languages that have been published to date most of which have not been widely distributed. After an introduction into the field of sign language lexicography and a discussion of some of the obstacles that authors of sign language dictionaries face in general, I will show problems…

Schmaling, Constanze H.

2012-01-01

323

ROAD AND TRAFFIC SIGN DETECTION AND RECOGNITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 Abstract. This paper presents an overview of the road and traffic sign detection and recognition. It describes the characteristics of the road signs, the requirements and difficulties behind road signs detection and recognition, how to deal with outdoor images, and the different techniques used in the image segmentation based on the colour analysis, shape analysis. It shows also the

Hasan FLEYEH; Mark DOUGHERTY

324

“A Legitimate Function”: Reconsidering Presidential Signing Statements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a reconsideration and reassessment of presidential signing statements. Although many scholars and commentators have weighed in on the practice since 2006—when Charlie Savage's Boston Globe stories ignited a firestorm of criticism and debate on the issue—signing statements are still frequently misunderstood. Thus, one of the key purposes of the article is to delineate what signing statement is,

Michael J. Korzi

2011-01-01

325

Enhancing Early Communication through Infant Sign Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing research suggests that there may be benefits to teaching signing to hearing infants who have not yet developed vocal communication. In the current study, each of 4 infants ranging in age from 6 to 10 months was taught a simple sign using delayed prompting and reinforcement. In addition, Experiment 1 showed that 2 children independently signed in a variety

RACHEL H. THOMPSON; Nicole M Cotnoir-Bichelman; PAIGE M. MCKERCHAR; Trista L Tate; KELLY A. DANCHO

2007-01-01

326

Generating Signed Distance Fields From Triangle Meshes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method for generating a discrete, signed 3D distance field is proposed. Distance fields are used in a number of contexts. In particular the popular level set method is usually initialized by a distance field. The main focus of our work is on simplifying the computation of the sign when generating signed distance fields. Previous methods largely rely on scan

J. Andreas Bærentzen; Henrik Aanæs

327

Locative Constructions in Turkish Sign Language (TID)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Space is one of the basic domains of human cognition. Every language has its own forms of representing spatial relations of entities. Spatial representations in sign languages are worth studying because in sign languages spatial relations are construed by using 3-D space (signing space). This paper aims to investigate perspective taking strategies and reference frames that are used in the

Engin Arik

328

The Reception of Signs in Peripheral Vision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigation of profoundly deaf adolescent students' ability to read signs in peripheral vision revealed a mean success rate of about 80 percent. Results support the supposition that peripheral vision may be linguistically and communicatively useful for deaf people, particularly as signs in isolation are more difficult to read than signs in…

Swisher, M. Virginia; And Others

1989-01-01

329

Road traffic sign detection and classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vision-based vehicle guidance system for road vehicles can have three main roles: (1) road detection; (2) obstacle detection; and (3) sign recognition. The first two have been studied for many years and with many good results, but traffic sign recognition is a less-studied field. Traffic signs provide drivers with very valuable information about the road, in order to make

A. de la Escalera; L. E. Moreno; M. A. Salichs; J. M. Armingol

1997-01-01

330

The American Sign Language Lexicon Video Dataset  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lack of a written representation for American sign language (ASL) makes it difficult to do something as commonplace as looking up an unknown word in a dictionary. The majority of printed dictionaries organize ASL signs (represented in drawings or pictures) based on their nearest English translation; so unless one already knows the meaning of a sign, dictionary look-up is

Vassilis Athitsos; Carol Neidle; Stan Sclaroff; Joan Nash; Alexandra Stefan; Quan Yuan; Ashwin Thangali

2008-01-01

331

Neural networks for sign language translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A neural network is used to extract relevant features of sign language from video images of a person communicating in American Sign Language or Signed English. The key features are hand motion, hand location with respect to the body, and handshape. A modular hybrid design is under way to apply various techniques, including neural networks, in the development of a

Beth J. Wilson; Gretel Anspach

1993-01-01

332

Sign language planning: pragmatism, pessimism and principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces the present collection of sign language planning studies. Contextualising the analyses against the backdrop of core issues in the theory of language planning and the evolution of applied sign linguistics, it is argued that – while the sociolinguistic circumstances of signed languages worldwide can, in many respects, be treated analogously to those of other minority languages –

Graham H. Turner

2009-01-01

333

A Segmental Framework for Representing Signs Phonetically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The arguments for dividing the signing stream in signed languages into sequences of phonetic segments are compelling. The visual records of instances of actually occurring signs provide evidence of two basic types of segments: postural segments and trans-forming segments. Postural segments specify an alignment of articulatory features, both…

Johnson, Robert E.; Liddell, Scott K.

2011-01-01

334

Developing New Mexico Health Care Policy: An application of the Vital Issues Process  

SciTech Connect

The Vital Issues Process, developed by the Sandia National Laboratories Strategic Technologies Department, was utilized by the Health Care Task Force Advisory Group to apply structure to their policy deliberations. By convening three expert panels, an overarching goal for the New Mexico health care system, seven desired outcomes, nine policy options, and 17 action items were developed for the New Mexico health care system. Three broadly stated evaluation criteria were articulated and used to produce relative rankings of the desired outcomes and policy options for preventive care and information systems. Reports summarizing the policy deliberations were submitted for consideration by the Health Care Task Force, a Joint Interim Committee of the New Mexico Legislature, charged with facilitating the development and implementation of a comprehensive health care delivery system for New Mexico. The Task Force reported its findings and recommendations to the Second Session of the 41st New Mexico State Legislature in January 1994.

Engi, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Icerman, L. [Icerman & Associates, Santa Fe, NM (United States)

1995-06-01

335

Laboratory and clinical correlates for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities in pediatric sickle cell anemia.  

PubMed

Children with sickle cell anemia are at risk for brain injury. Physicians obtain brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for clinical indications to determine if a patient has developed a brain injury. Controversy exists whether all children with sickle cell anemia should undergo MRI screening. This retrospective study evaluates the clinical and laboratory correlates for brain injury in 124 MRIs obtained for a variety of clinical indications. Seizure, sensory, or motor events were statistically associated with the highest risk for brain injury while less specific neurologic complaints of headache or poor school performance were not associated. Children with high systolic blood pressure, leukocytosis, and severe anemia demonstrate a higher probability for brain injury. These results indicate that brain MRI should be obtained on all children with seizure, sensory, or motor events. These data suggest that less specific neurologic symptoms should be screened if physical findings or abnormal lab or vital signs exist. PMID:21572054

Lebensburger, Jeffrey D; Hilliard, Lee M; McGrath, Tony M; Fineberg, Naomi S; Howard, Thomas H

2011-05-13

336

Sustaining librarian vitality: embedded librarianship model for health sciences libraries.  

PubMed

With biomedical information widely accessible from anywhere at any time, health sciences libraries have become less centralized, and they are challenged to stay relevant and vital to the mission and strategic goals of their home institution. One solution is to embed librarians at strategic points in health professions' education, research, and patient care. This article discusses a proposed five-level model of embedded librarianship within the context of health sciences libraries and describes different roles, knowledge, and skills desirable for health sciences librarians working as embedded librarians. PMID:23869633

Wu, Lin; Mi, Misa

2013-01-01

337

Associations between VO2max and vitality in older workers: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background To prevent early exit from work, it is important to study which factors contribute to healthy ageing. One concept that is assumed to be closely related to, and therefore may influence healthy ageing, is vitality. Vitality consists of both a mental and a physical component, and is characterised by a perceived high energy level, decreased feelings of fatigue, and feeling fit. Since VO2max gives an indication of one's aerobic fitness, which can be improved by increased levels of physical activity, and because feeling fit is one of the main characteristics of vitality, it is hypothesised that VO2max is related to vitality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the associations between VO2max and vitality. Methods In 427 older workers (aged 45 + years) participating in the Vital@Work study, VO2max was estimated at baseline using the 2-km UKK walk test. Vitality was measured by both the UWES Vitality Scale and the RAND-36 Vitality Scale. Associations were analysed using linear regression analyses. Results The linear regression models, adjusted for age, showed a significant association between VO2max and vitality measured with the RAND-36 Vitality Scale (? = 0.446; 95% CI: 0.220-0.673). There was no significant association between VO2max and vitality measured with the UWES (? = -0.006; 95% CI:-0.017 - 0.006), after adjusting for age, gender and chronic disease status. Conclusions VO2max was associated with a general measure of vitality (measured with the RAND-36 Vitality Scale), but not with occupational health related vitality (measured with the UWES Vitality Scale). The idea that physical exercise can be used as an effective tool for improving vitality was supported in this study. Trial registration NTR1240

2010-01-01

338

Diatom Oxygen Isotope Vital Effects: Evidence From The Palaeo Record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Diatom oxygen isotope measurements are commonly made on bulk mixed species assemblages due to the difficulty in purifying and separating individual taxa. As such, it is essential for vital effects in diatoms to be fully understood. Existing studies have suggested diatom oxygen isotope vital effects to be either non-existent or negligible. Here, we present a suite of diatom oxygen isotope data from the onset of major Northern Hemisphere Glaciation at ODP site 882 in the North West Pacific Ocean which display large offsets of up to 3.51 ‰ (mean = 1.14 ‰) between two different size fractions (75-150 ?m and >150 ?m) that are dominated by only two species: Coscinodiscus marginatus and Coscinodiscus radiatus. These offsets are most likely size related, although additional inter-species effects may also be important in determining the exact magnitude of the offsets. Consequently considerable care is needed when interpreting bulk diatom oxygen isotope data in relation to palaeoenvironmental change, especially when the amount of stratigraphical change is small.

Swann, G. E.; Leng, M. J.; Sloane, H. J.; Maslin, M. A.; Onodera, J.

2006-12-01

339

Congo red vital staining of cornea and conjunctiva.  

PubMed

Vital staining with an aqueous solution of 1% Congo red has been studied in the slit lamp. In 98 cases the dye was mixed with 1% lissamine green, in 120 eyes subsequent staining was performed with 0.125% fluorescein, and in 80 cases the mucous thread from the inferior conjunctival fornix was microscoped. Congo red stains dead cells, degenerate cells, and mucus. The dye discloses keratitis, corneal erosion, contact lens damages, corrosions, etc. It stains like lissamine green and rose bengal, though less frequently and less intensely than these. Congo red is a pH indicator. Acid reaction beyond its pH-range (3.0-5.2) has not been demonstrated. Amyloid-specific colour reaction (red-green dichromatic polarisation) has been noticed in mucous fibrils, most often in relation to infectious conjunctivitis and corrosion, never in normal eyes. The phenomenon is believed to indicate degeneration of the mucous fibrils (on the analogy of toluidine-blue-stained mucus), whereas not presence of genuine amyloid. It is, in other words, an important phenomenon in the differential diagnosis. Congo red is hardly indicated in ordinary clinical practice for vital staining of cornea and conjunctiva. Fluorescein, combined with rose bengal or lissamin green should be preferred. PMID:62486

Norn, M S

1976-10-01

340

Active aging promotion: results from the vital aging program.  

PubMed

Active aging is one of the terms in the semantic network of aging well, together with others such as successful, productive, competent aging. All allude to the new paradigm in gerontology, whereby aging is considered from a positive perspective. Most authors in the field agree active aging is a multidimensional concept, embracing health, physical and cognitive fitness, positive affect and control, social relationships and engagement. This paper describes Vital Aging, an individual active aging promotion program implemented through three modalities: Life, Multimedia, and e-Learning. The program was developed on the basis of extensive evidence about individual determinants of active aging. The different versions of Vital Aging are described, and four evaluation studies (both formative and summative) are reported. Formative evaluation reflected participants' satisfaction and expected changes; summative evaluations yielded some quite encouraging results using quasi-experimental designs: those who took part in the programs increased their physical exercise, significantly improved their diet, reported better memory, had better emotional balance, and enjoyed more cultural, intellectual, affective, and social activities than they did before the course, thus increasing their social relationships. These results are discussed in the context of the common literature within the field and, also, taking into account the limitations of the evaluations accomplished. PMID:23476644

Caprara, Mariagiovanna; Molina, María Ángeles; Schettini, Rocío; Santacreu, Marta; Orosa, Teresa; Mendoza-Núñez, Víctor Manuel; Rojas, Macarena; Fernández-Ballesteros, Rocío

2013-02-07

341

Conjoining Word and Image in British Sign Language (BSL): An Exploration of Metaphorical Signs in BSL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Lexicon of British Sign Language (BSL), including, and perhaps especially, the productive lexicon, is highly motivated. Many sign linguists in the last few decades have played down the role of iconicity and other types of motivation in signed language. They have suggested that because sign forms and structures conform to rules of linguistic…

Brennan, Mary

2005-01-01

342

Verification plan for equipment installation, full scale heater tests. number sign. 1 and. number sign. 2  

SciTech Connect

This Verification Plan for Equipment Installation, Full Scale Heater Test {number sign}1 and {number sign}2 (VP-FS {number sign}1 {number sign}2) presents the Hold Points and equipment items (check sheets) to document the installation effort. This plan complements, but does not duplicate, the Title 3 inspection.

Not Available

1980-01-01

343

Extraction of Isolated Signs from Sign Language Videos via Multiple Sequence Alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we present an alignment-based method to perform sign segmentation and to extract isolated signs from continuous sign language videos. Sign videos contain many modalities, the most prominent of which are hand gestures, manifested as hand motion and shape, which are represented by a variety of extracted features in this work. We compare two different align- ment approaches,

Pinar Santemiz; Oya Aran; Murat Saraclar; Lale Akarun

344

A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite vitality intervention on vigorous physical activity (VPA), fruit intake, aerobic capacity, mental health and need for recovery after work among older hospital workers (ie, 45?years and older). Methods The 6-month intervention was evaluated using a randomised controlled trial design. Workers who were randomised to the intervention group (n=367; control: n=363) received the Vital@Work intervention containing (1) a Vitality Exercise Program (VEP) combined with (2) three visits to Personal Vitality Coach. The VEP consisted of a weekly yoga session, a weekly workout session and weekly unsupervised aerobic exercising. Free fruit was provided at the VEP. Data on the outcome measures were collected (ie, year 2009–2010) at baseline (n=730) and 6?months of follow-up after baseline (n=575) using questionnaires, accelerometers and 2?km walk tests. Effects were analysed according to the intention-to-treat principle with complete cases (n=575) and imputed data (n=730) using linear regression analyses. Additional analyses were performed for high yoga and workout compliance (ie, >mean number of sessions). Results Effects were found for sports activities (?=40.4?min/week, 95% CI 13.0 to 67.7) and fruit intake (?=2.7 pieces/week, 95% CI 0.07 to 4.7) and were stronger for workers with high compliance to yoga (sport: ?=49.6?min/week, 95% CI 13.9 to 85.2; fruit: ?=3.8 pieces/week, 95% CI 1.1 to 6.4) and workout sessions (sport: ?=72.9?min/week, 95% CI 36.1 to 109.8; fruit: ?=4.0 pieces/week, 95% CI 1.1 to 6.4). The intervention group lowered their need for recovery, when compared to controls (?=?3.5, 95% CI ?6.4 to ?0.54), with stronger effects for high workout compliance (?=?5.3, 95% CI ?9.3 to ?1.3). No effects were found on VPA, aerobic capacity or mental health. Conclusions Implementation of worksite yoga and workout facilities and minimal fruit interventions should be considered by employers to promote transitions into healthier lifestyles and thereby health.

Strijk, Jorien E; Proper, Karin I; van Mechelen, Willem

2012-01-01

345

[Infective endocarditis appearing with meningeal signs].  

PubMed

The authors present the case of a 12-year old girl with infective endocarditis. Following an initial three-day period of malaise, she was admitted to the hospital with meningeal signs. The clinical symptoms and the results of the laboratory examinations, lumbar puncture and hemoculture supported the diagnosis of Staphylococcus sepsis and meningitis. The initiation of antimicrobial therapy resulted in temporary improvement while a systolic cardiac murmur appeared. Transthoracal echocardiogram raised the diagnosis of mitral valve endocarditis. Due to the subsequent deterioration in her condition, the patient was referred to the Pediatric Heart Center of the Gottsegen György National Institute of Cardiology where transoesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis. The vegetations were removed by extracorporeal cardiac surgery including mitral valve plasty. Retrospectively, septic embolisation caused multiplex brain infarcts were identified by cranial MRI scan as the underlying cause of the initial clinical symptoms and liquor results. Following her recovery, patient remained well with some mild residual mitral regurgitation and without any residual neurological symptoms. PMID:19801358

Aschenbrenner, Zsuzsanna; Simon, Gábor; Mayer, Gizella; Szokó, Márta; Hartyánszky, István; Szatmári, András; Simon, Gábor

2009-10-11

346

Vital Statistics Mortality Data, Detail, 1978. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic and cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State...

1978-01-01

347

Vital Statistics Divorce Data, Detail, 1986. Public Use Data Tape Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorces occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of States whic...

1989-01-01

348

Vital Statistics Divorce Data, Detail, 1980. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorces occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of States whic...

1983-01-01

349

Vital Statistics Divorce Data, Detail, 1987. Public Use Data Tape Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorces occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of states whic...

1990-01-01

350

Vital Statistics Divorce Data, Detail, 1978. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics relating to divorce provide demographic data for divorce occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from certificates of divorce or annulment registered in the vital statistics offices of States which...

1978-01-01

351

Vital Statistics Mortality Multiple Cause Data, Detail, 1969. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic, underlying and multiple cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics ...

1969-01-01

352

Vital Statistics Mortality Data, Local Area Summary, 1972. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic and cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State...

1972-01-01

353

Vital Statistics Instruction Manual, Geographic Reference Manual (Codes Used in Computer Operations Effective with 1962 Data).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic and cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State...

1969-01-01

354

Vital Statistics Mortality Data, Cause of Death Summary, 1973. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic and cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State...

1973-01-01

355

Vital Statistics Mortality Multiple Cause of Death, Detail, 1973. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to mortality provide demographic, underlying and multiple cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics ...

1973-01-01

356

Records Management Handbook: Managing Emergency Preparedness Files: Federal Vital Records Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The handbook covers such topics as basic assumptions, what records are vital, methods for providing security copies, mechanics of protecting vital records, ensuring adequacy of the program. It includes a suggested check list to aid in determining the need...

1968-01-01

357

46 CFR 108.403a - Fire extinguishing systems: Non-vital services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fire extinguishing systems: Non-vital services...OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Fire Extinguishing Systems § 108.403a Fire extinguishing systems: Non-vital...

2012-10-01

358

Vital Statistics, Mortality Data, Multiple Cause of Death, 1996 (Raw Data File) (on Magnetic Tape).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital Statistics relating to mortality provide demographic, underlying and cause-of-death data for deaths occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from all death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of eac...

1998-01-01

359

Vital Statistics Natality Data, Local Area Summary, 1985. Public Use Data Tape Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to natality provide demographic and health data for births occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from birth certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State and the Dist...

1987-01-01

360

Vital Statistic Natality Data, State Summary, 1983. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to natality provide demographic and health data for births occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from birth certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State and the Dist...

1985-01-01

361

Vital Statistics Natality Data, Local Area Summary, 1984. Tape Contents and Documentation Package.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vital statistics data relating to natality provide demographic and health data for births occurring during the calendar year. The data are based on information abstracted from birth certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each State and the Dist...

1986-01-01

362

[Vital capacity rapid inhalation induction (VCRII) technique with sevoflurane for a rheumatoid patient with difficult airway].  

PubMed

Successful airway management in an adult female patient with limited cervical extension and a subluxation of bilateral jaw joints caused by rheumatoid arthritis was reported. We planned to reduce the intensity of pain in her right hand through neurolysis of the ulnar nerve in her right elbow joint. Right axillary nerve blockade with 1% lidocaine 10 ml and 0.25% bupivacaine 10 ml, was employed unsuccessfully to achieve adequate anesthetic effect. Anesthesia was administered using a vital capacity rapid inhalation induction (VCRII) technique with 5% sevoflurane in the oxygen. When the patient lost consciousness, a size 3 laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was inserted under spontaneous breathing on the first trial. There was very little hemodynamic change during the insertion of the LMA. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane 1.5-2.0% in oxygen under spontaneous breathing. Emergence from anesthesia was rapid and no signs of upper airway obstruction were observed after the removal of the LMA. The use of the LMA with VCRII technique and anesthetic maintenance using sevoflurane, are likely to be an optional technique of airway management in patients with problematic airway. PMID:11995351

Inagaki, Yoshimi; Watanabe, Tomoko; Ishibe, Yuichi; Tsunoda, Yoshio; Osako, Yu

2002-04-01

363

Autonomous detection of indoor and outdoor signs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most goal-oriented mobile robot tasks involve navigation to one or more known locations. This is generally done using GPS coordinates and landmarks outdoors, or wall-following and fiducial marks indoors. Such approaches ignore the rich source of navigation information that is already in place for human navigation in all man-made environments: signs. A mobile robot capable of detecting and reading arbitrary signs could be tasked using directions that are intuitive to hu-mans, and it could report its location relative to intuitive landmarks (a street corner, a person's office, etc.). Such ability would not require active marking of the environment and would be functional in the absence of GPS. In this paper we present an updated version of a system we call Sign Understanding in Support of Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN). This system relies on cues common to most signs, the presence of text, vivid color, and compact shape. By not relying on templates, SUSAN can detect a wide variety of signs: traffic signs, street signs, store-name signs, building directories, room signs, etc. In this paper we focus on the text detection capability. We present results summarizing probability of detection and false alarm rate across many scenes containing signs of very different designs and in a variety of lighting conditions.

Holden, Steven; Snorrason, Magnus; Goodsell, Thomas; Stevens, Mark R.

2005-05-01

364

Evaluation of a wireless vital sensor for ubiquitous health monitoring systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vital sensor and wireless information communication technologies play important roles in providing continuous health monitoring systems. The key elements required for the vital sensor device are its simplicity and accuracy, whereas those for the wireless communication tool are its connectivity and comfortability. For a commercially available wireless vital sensor with capability of measuring three-dimensional acceleration, electrocardiogram and body surface temperature,

Tadayuki Inoue; Tetsuo Tsujioka; Shigeyoshi Nakajima; Shinsuke Hara; Hajime Nakamura; Kazuhide Takeuchi

2010-01-01

365

Expanding the Discussion of Faculty Vitality to Include Productive but Disengaged Senior Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay, the authors begin by examining and challenging the way in which faculty vitality has been operationalized in the past, arguing for the value of institution-specific analysis of the faculty vitality issue. They then propose alternative models for understanding previously unexplored aspects of faculty vitality, drawing on research in…

Huston, Therese A.; Norman, Marie; Ambrose, Susan A.

2007-01-01

366

Empirical Evaluation of a Mathematical Model of Ethnolinguistic Vitality: The Case of Voro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents the results of an empirical evaluation of a mathematical model of ethnolinguistic vitality. The model adds several new factors to the set used in previous models of ethnolinguistic vitality and operationalises it in a manner that would make it easier to compare the vitality of different groups. According to the model, the…

Ehala, Martin; Niglas, Katrin

2007-01-01

367

The Impact of Inter-Ethnic Discordance on Subjective Vitality Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Subjective ethno-linguistic vitality expresses a group's perception of its own ability to act as a distinctive collective entity in intergroup encounters. Although subjective vitality questionnaires have proved to be reliable instruments of measurement, there has been criticism that they underestimate actual vitality (see Yagmur, this issue). A…

Ehala, Martin; Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

2011-01-01

368

Vital exhaustion in coronary heart disease: the impact of socioeconomic status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Vital exhaustion has been shown to be a significant risk factor contributing to coronary heart disease, as well as a predictor of a worse prognosis among coronary patients. Socioeconomic differences in vital exhaustion may be part of the causal mechanism in the health and mortality inequalities connected with socioeconomic disadvantage. Our aim was to explore socioeconomic inequalities in vital

Zuzana Skodova; Iveta Nagyova; Jaroslav Rosenberger; Jitse P. van Dijk; Berrie Middel; Helena Vargova; Adriana Sudzinova; Martin Studencanb; Sijmen A. Reijneveld

2008-01-01

369

Faculty Vitality in the Comprehensive University: Changing Context and Concerns. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central to the debates surrounding accountability, cost containment, and effectiveness in higher education are issues concerning faculty vitality and productivity. This paper proposes that the nature of faculty vitality and the interactions between individual and institutional vitality are different for comprehensive universities, particularly…

Chan, Susy; Burton, John

370

Science alliance: A vital ORNL-UT partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partnerships between Department of Energy national laboratories and universities have long been keys to advancing scientific research and education in the United States. Perhaps the most enduring and closely knit of these relationships is the one between Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. Since its birth in the 1940's, ORNL has had a very special

C. R. Richmond; L. Riedinger; T. Garritano

1991-01-01

371

Sign recall by hearing signers: Evidences of dual coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deaf participants' sign recall is affected by sign similarity, sign length, irrelevant signing and manual articulatory suppression, suggesting the existence of a phonological loop for signs. In two experiments we explore whether hearing signers (who have learned Spanish Sign Language as second language) use a phonological loop for signs, whether they use their phonological loop for words or whether they

Javier García-Orza; Patricia Carratalá

2012-01-01

372

Incidence of post-operative pain following single visit endodontics in vital and non-vital teeth: An in vivo study  

PubMed Central

This clinical study was conducted to compare the post-operative pain following single visit endodontics in vital and non-vital teeth, with and without periapical radiolucency. A total of 60 adult patients requiring root canal therapy in anterior and premolar teeth were selected for this study. Single sitting root canal treatment was carried out and the subjects were recalled after 2 weeks and instructed to fill out a series of self-report questionnaires for responses about pain in the interim after 1 day, 2 day, 3 day, 1 week and 2 weeks. In vital teeth (Group I) 60% of the treated cases had pain, of which 36% had mild pain (non-significant) and 24% had moderate pain (significant). In non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency (Group II) 64% of cases had pain, of which 48% had mild pain (non-significant) and 16% had moderate pain (significant). In non-vital teeth with periapical radiolucency (Group III) 32% of the cases had pain of which 24% had mild pain (non-significant) and 8% had moderate pain (significant). None of the teeth in any of the groups had severe pain. There was no statistical difference between incidence of pain in vital and non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency. Non-vital teeth with periapical radiolucency exhibited relatively less pain as compared with non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency, but the pain continued in a significant percent of teeth even after 2 weeks. Pain incidence dropped significantly within a period of 1 day to 2 weeks in vital teeth and non-vital teeth without periapical radiolucency. There was a tendency for less incidence of significant pain after a single visit root canal treatment in these groups. Results obtained were comparable with those obtained by several investigators.

Bhagwat, Sumita; Mehta, Deepil

2013-01-01

373

Evolution and vitality of seagrasses in a Mediterranean lagoon.  

PubMed

Despite their registration on the list of the Ramsar convention sites, the Mediterranean lagoons rarely beneficiate of an effective protection, and are particularly sensitive to environmental quality. A control of these wetlands needs the creation of an inventory of knowledge for the concerned environment. In this perspective, the seagrass beds were followed up in the coastal lagoon of Urbino (Corse, France) since 1990. A cartographic study was carried out by remote sensing of aerial photography. Temporal evolution of the seagrass beds (Cymodocea nodosa principally) allows to determine the vitality of these structures. A comparison of the surface areas occupied by Cymodocea nodosa, between 1990 and 1999, did not allow seeing any significant evolution. However, some variations appear like biotopes all more fragile and coveted as the Mediterranean coastal fringe is straight and is the privileged site of appear in the localization of the beds, due to the modification of environmental conditions in the lagoon. PMID:12929800

Ferrat, Lila; Fernandez, C; Pasqualini, V; Pergent, G; Pergent-Martini, C

2003-08-01

374

Decapitation in suicidal hanging--vital reaction patterns.  

PubMed

Complete or incomplete decapitation as a consequence of suicidal hanging is very rare, few cases having been reported in the worldwide literature. Posthanging decapitation is typically related to a drop of several meters. Three cases of complete decapitation and one case of incomplete decapitation by suicidal hanging are reported with particular emphasis on internal findings and vital reaction patterns. Personal, circumstantial, autopsy, and toxicological data were analyzed to define basic characteristics of such extreme injuries. The crucial factor for the state of decapitation itself is the kinetic energy of the falling body, the strength of the human neck tissue, and the diameter and elasticity of the used ligature. Results of our case study suggest Simon's hemorrhage and air embolism as useful autopsy findings in posthanging beheading cases. Simon's hemorrhage was demonstrated in three cases of four. The test for air embolism was positive in all four cases. PMID:23127190

Hejna, Petr; Bohnert, Michael

2012-11-05

375

Maturogenesis of non-vital immature permanent teeth  

PubMed Central

Pulpal necrosis in young permanent teeth often results in teeth with open apex, thin root walls and poor crown root ratio. Out of the available treatment options maturogenesis has been the most conservative option that exploits full potential of pulp for dentin deposition. Maturogenesis involves disinfecting the root canal system followed by stimulation of blood clot from the periapical tissue, which provides a matrix into which the cell could grow and sealing the coronal excess. In the present case report, tri antibacterial paste (3 Mix) was used as an intracanal medicament that proved successful in stimulating vital pulp cells of the periapical region for maturogenesis. Five months radiograph follow-up showed thickening of lateral dentinal walls, which progress until 15 months resulting in apical closure, thickening of lateral dentinal walls and increase root length.

Kalaskar, Ritesh R.; Kalaskar, Ashita R.

2013-01-01

376

Vitality index in survival modeling: how physiological aging influences mortality.  

PubMed

We investigated the relation of the age trajectory of physiological indicators of the average metabolic activity of organisms in a population to the age-specific population mortality rate. We show that a metabolic rate indicator (MRI) can be estimated using traditional physiological measures, such as homeostatic serum glucose concentration, vital capacity, and such. Estimates of the MRI were made from data collected in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) study. The relation of the empirical mortality rate and MRI was also tested using MRFIT data. The age trajectory of MRI was evaluated using Swedish mortality data. The mortality results reproduce the "Strehler and Mildvan effect." The average rate of decline of MRI with age coincides with estimates predicted by Strehler using other methods. Possible extensions of the method are discussed. PMID:10719758

Zuev, S M; Yashin, A I; Manton, K G; Dowd, E; Pogojev, I B; Usmanov, R N

2000-01-01

377

The vital role of emollients in the treatment of eczema.  

PubMed

Eczema is one of the most common dermatological diseases, with the number of cases in the UK rising. The use of emollients to maintain skin hydration and help restore barrier function, remains the principal treatment. Unfortunately, many health professionals, and patients themselves, fail to consider emollients an active treatment and may overlook the vital role they play in the maintenance of intact, healthy skin. Despite the overwhelming acceptance of the importance of emollient therapy, there remains a lack of good quality evidence on their effectiveness or whether one is better than another. Even when appropriate emollients are supplied, they are often used incorrectly or accompanied by conflicting/limited advice from health professionals. This article aims to explore normal skin barrier function, the disruption caused by eczema, and some of the contemporary issues surrounding emollient therapy. PMID:21278653

Voegeli, David

378

Label-free monitoring of whole cell vitality.  

PubMed

The Intelligent Mobile Lab (IMOLA) delivers metabolic and morphological parameters of living cells in a label-free and real time way. It represents a key technology for the development of new cell-based assays. Electrochemical microsensors are used to measure the extracellular acidification (pH), cellular respiration (pO2), changes in cell number and morphology (electric impedance) in a controlled environment. These parameters are closely linked to the intracellular signaling network of the living cells. They are thus likely to respond sensitively to changes in cellular vitality. A wide spectrum of cell types can be tested with the system, including adherent and suspended cells, continuous cell lines, primary cells or tissue samples. The platform is described in detail and applications in the field's oncology, toxicology and environmental monitoring are shown. PMID:24110010

Weiss, D; Brischwein, M; Grothe, H; Wolf, B; Wiest, J

2013-07-01

379

Village registers for vital registration in rural Malawi.  

PubMed

Paper-based village registers were introduced 5 years ago in Malawi as a tool to measure vital statistics of births and deaths at the population level. However, usage, completeness and accuracy of their content have never been formally evaluated. In Traditional Authority Mwambo, Zomba district, Malawi, we assessed 280 of the 325 village registers with respect to (i) characteristics of village headmen who used village registers, (ii) use and content of village registers, and (iii) whether village registers provided accurate information on births and deaths. All village headpersons used registers. There were 185 (66%) registers that were regarded as 95% completed, and according to the registers, there were 115 840 people living in the villages in the catchment area. In 2011, there were 1753 births recorded in village registers, while 6397 births were recorded in health centre registers in the same catchment area. For the same year, 199 deaths were recorded in village registers, giving crude death rates per 100 000 population of 189 for males and 153 for females. These could not be compared with death rates in health centre registers due to poor and inconsistent recording in these registers, but they were compared with death rates obtained from the 2010 Malawi Demographic Health Survey that reported 880 and 840 per 100 000 for males and females, respectively. In conclusion, this study shows that village registers are a potential source for vital statistics. However, considerable inputs are needed to improve accuracy of births and deaths, and there are no functional systems for the collation and analysis of data at the traditional authority level. Innovative ways to address these challenges are discussed, including the use of solar-powered electronic village registers and mobile phones, connected with each other and the health facilities and the District Commissioner's office through the cellular network and wireless coverage. PMID:23718633

Singogo, E; Kanike, E; van Lettow, M; Cataldo, F; Zachariah, R; Bissell, K; Harries, A D

2013-05-30

380

The reversal effect of prohibition signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In public places one encounters many prohibition signs, as well as traces of the norm-violating behavior these signs are trying to reduce, like graffiti or litter. Based on goal framing theory and previous research, we argue that signs of (dis)respect of others for norms serve as norm-support cues which can weaken or strengthen the influence of norms. This norm-support mechanism

Kees Keizer; Siegwart Lindenberg; Linda Steg

2011-01-01

381

Warning signs for suicide in Internet forums.  

PubMed

The presence of 10 warning signs for suicide proposed by the American Association of Suicidology was compared in 215 postings on a suicide forum and 94 postings on a self-injury forum. The suicide forum postings received a higher score on the 10 signs than the self-injury forum postings, and significant differences were found for 6 of the 10 signs: suicidal ideation, purposelessness, trapped, hopelessness, withdrawal, and, in the reverse direction, recklessness. Overall, the findings support the usefulness of the warning signs in identifying suicidal individuals. PMID:23045860

McSwain, Stephanie; Lester, David; Gunn, John F

2012-08-01

382

Interpretation of hand signs in Buddhist art.  

PubMed

Hand signs (called mudras in Sanskrit) play an important role in Buddhist art. They represent specific events from the life of Sidharta Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. These events symbolize moral principles important to the discipline. There are six important hand signs: (1) dhyana mudra, (2) varada mudra, (3) abhaya mudra, (4) vitarka mudra, (5) dharmachakra mudra, and (6) bhumispara mudra. The use of these hand signs was popularized by Buddhist universities in India around the 4th or 5th century ad. This paper will examine the symbolism behind the six main hand signs and reveal their message, which will be valuable for modern society. PMID:17606078

Ghori, Ahmer K; Chung, Kevin C

383

23 CFR 750.154 - Standards for directional signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...directional signs: (a) General. The following signs are prohibited: (1) Signs advertising activities that are illegal under Federal or State laws or regulations in effect at the location of those signs or at the location of those...

2013-04-01

384

THE PHONOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION OF SIGN LANGUAGES  

PubMed Central

Visually perceivable and movable parts of the body – the hands, facial features, head, and upper body – are the articulators of sign language. It is through these articulators that that words are formed, constrained, and contrasted with one another, and that prosody is conveyed. This article provides an overview of the way in which phonology is organized in the alternative modality of sign language.

SANDLER, WENDY

2013-01-01

385

Sign Language and the Brain: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How are signed languages processed by the brain? This review briefly outlines some basic principles of brain structure and function and the methodological principles and techniques that have been used to investigate this question. We then summarize a number of different studies exploring brain activity associated with sign language processing…

Campbell, Ruth; MacSweeney, Mairead; Waters, Dafydd

2008-01-01

386

Prodromal Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenic Relapse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing evidence that decompensation into acute psychosis by schizophrenics can often be avoided with active pharmacological and psychosocial intervention at the early signs of relapse has stimulated research into the signs and symptoms prodromal to acute psychosis. In this study, 6-week periods prior to 17 psychotic relapses and to 11…

Subotnik, Kenneth L.; Nuechterlein, Keith H.

387

Historical Development of Hong Kong Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article traces the origins of Hong Kong Sign Language (hereafter HKSL) and its subsequent development in relation to the establishment of Deaf education in Hong Kong after World War II. We begin with a detailed description of the history of Deaf education with a particular focus on the role of sign language in such development. We then…

Sze, Felix; Lo, Connie; Lo, Lisa; Chu, Kenny

2013-01-01

388

Estimating blood alcohol level from observable signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempts to induce hosts and friends to prevent drinkers from reaching dangerous levels of alcohol impairment depend upon the ability to judge impairment from observable signs of physical appearance and behavior. In a study of this ability, researchers first observed and recorded signs of change in behavior and physical appearance among dosed drinkers in small social groups (n = 149).

A. James McKnight; Elizabeth A. Langston; Paul R. Marques; A. Scott Tippetts

1997-01-01

389

Sign Language and the Brain: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How are signed languages processed by the brain? This review briefly outlines some basic principles of brain structure and function and the methodological principles and techniques that have been used to investigate this question. We then summarize a number of different studies exploring brain activity associated with sign language processing…

Campbell, Ruth; MacSweeney, Mairead; Waters, Dafydd

2008-01-01

390

Numeral Variation in New Zealand Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lexical variation abounds in New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL) and is commonly associated with the introduction of the Australasian Signed English lexicon into Deaf education in 1979, before NZSL was acknowledged as a language. Evidence from dictionaries of NZSL collated between 1986 and 1997 reveal many coexisting variants for the numbers from one…

McKee, David; McKee, Rachel; Major, George

2011-01-01

391

Sign Language Subtitling by Highly Comprehensible "Semantroids"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We introduce a new method of sign language subtitling aimed at young deaf children who have not acquired reading skills yet, and can communicate only via signs. The method is based on: 1) the recently developed concept of "semantroid[TM]" (an animated 3D avatar limited to head and hands); 2) the design, development, and psychophysical evaluation…

Adamo-Villani, Nicolleta; Beni, Gerardo

2007-01-01

392

Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms and Signs  

MedlinePLUS

... 5/2013 Symptoms and Signs Cancer.Net Guide Head and Neck Cancer Overview Statistics Risk Factors and Prevention Symptoms and ... or click “Next” at the bottom. People with head and neck cancer often experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, ...

393

10 Warning Signs of Primary Immunodeficiency  

MedlinePLUS

Home » About PI » 10 Warning Signs Hotline 1-866-INFO-4-PI Search: Click here to Learn the 4 Stages of Immunologic Testing ... Version ] [ View PDF Version (Need Adobe® Reader® ?) ] Home | 10 Warning Signs | Find an Expert | PI Awareness Campaign | ...

394

The Subjective Assessment of Sign Language Interpreters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When hearing raters subjectively evaluated the signed and spoken output of 25 sign language interpreters, rater agreement was between 0.52-0.86; the correlation between subjective and objective evaluation was between 0.59-0.79. Raters were unsuccessful in identifying which interpreters had deaf parents. (CB)|

Strong, Michael; Rudser, Steven Fritsch

1986-01-01

395

An Assessment Instrument for Sign Language Interpreters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an instrument for objective assessment of sign language interpreters, which used videotapes to assess the accuracy of interpreted output. It categorizes the kinds of modifications made in response to cultural factors, estimates the degree of American Sign Language or English use, and records fingerspelling influence. (Author/SED)|

Strong, Michael; Rudser, Steven Fritsch

1985-01-01

396

NUMERICAL RECOVERY OF THE SIGNED DISTANCE FUNCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test several methods for computing the signed distance function which is very usefull not just for the level set methods. Both approaches, evolutinary based on the equation t = sign 0 (1 jr j) and direct based on the eikonal equation jr j = 1, are compared. We also derive new algorithm to solve more general problem jru(x)j =

TOM A S OBERHUBER

2004-01-01

397

12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 328.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY ADVERTISEMENT OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7â³ by 3â³...

2013-01-01

398

Infant Sign Training and Functional Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We taught manual signs to typically developing infants using a reversal design and caregiver-nominated stimuli. We delivered the stimuli on a time-based schedule during baseline. During the intervention, we used progressive prompting and reinforcement, described by Thompson et al. (2004, 2007), to establish mands. Following sign training, we…

Normand, Matthew P.; Machado, Mychal A.; Hustyi, Kristin M.; Morley, Allison J.

2011-01-01

399

Iconicity and Metaphor in Sign Language Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores a unique relationship between iconicity and metaphor: that seen in creative sign language, where iconic properties abound at all levels of linguistic representation. We use the idea of “iconic superstructure” to consider the way that metaphoric meaning is generated through the iconic properties of creative sign language. We focus on the interaction between the overall contextual force

Michiko Kaneko; Rachel Sutton-Spence

2012-01-01

400

A Field Guide for Sign Language Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Field researchers of sign language are the target of this methodological guide. The prospective researcher is briefed on the rationale of sign language study as language study and as distinct from the study of kinesics. Subjects covered include problems of translating, use of interpreters, and ethics. Instruments for obtaining social and language…

Stokoe, William; Kuschel, Rolf

401

Signing at the beginning makes ethics salient and decreases dishonest self-reports in comparison to signing at the end.  

PubMed

Many written forms required by businesses and governments rely on honest reporting. Proof of honest intent is typically provided through signature at the end of, e.g., tax returns or insurance policy forms. Still, people sometimes cheat to advance their financial self-interests-at great costs to society. We test an easy-to-implement method to discourage dishonesty: signing at the beginning rather than at the end of a self-report, thereby reversing the order of the current practice. Using laboratory and field experiments, we find that signing before-rather than after-the opportunity to cheat makes ethics salient when they are needed most and significantly reduces dishonesty. PMID:22927408

Shu, Lisa L; Mazar, Nina; Gino, Francesca; Ariely, Dan; Bazerman, Max H

2012-08-27

402

Consonant and sign phoneme acquisition in signing children following cochlear implantation.  

PubMed

Deaf children from signing programs provide new opportunities to investigate changes in sign and speech acquisition following cochlear implantation. We describe the acquisition of sign phonemes (location, movement, and handshapes) and speech phonemes (consonants) in 22 implanted children with diverse demographic backgrounds. New consonants and new sign phonemes emerged in developmentally expected sequences and with statistically significant correlation coefficients between cumulative number of new consonants and new sign phonemes over time. Regression slopes from plotted z scores revealed a burst in consonant and sign growth in early months post-implant, with continuous but plateauing growth over time. These results and documentation of developmental levels of sign and speech phoneme trajectories should be helpful to other researchers and to clinicians working with signing children who have cochlear implants. PMID:21756457

Seal, Brenda C; Nussbaum, Debra B; Belzner, Kate A; Scott, Susanne; Waddy-Smith, Bettie

2011-02-01

403

High-performance laboratories and cleanrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The California Energy Commission sponsored this roadmap to guide energy efficiency research and deployment for high performance cleanrooms and laboratories. Industries and institutions utilizing these building types (termed high-tech buildings) have played an important part in the vitality of the California economy. This roadmap's key objective to present a multi-year agenda to prioritize and coordinate research efforts. It also addresses

William Tschudi; Dale Sartor; Evan Mills; Tengfang Xu

2002-01-01

404

Electronic laboratory notebooks for collaborative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The laboratory notebook is a vital tool in scientific research. It is the central repository of information about the reasoning and preparation behind experiments, about the analyses done to obtain results, and about plans for future research. The notebook captures the scientific process that gives meaning to a scientist's observations. Sharing a notebook can help collaborating researchers to build a

James D. Myers; Cedrus Fox-dobbs; Justin Laird; Dai Le; Dan Reich; Thad Curtz

1996-01-01

405

School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide presents information about ordering, using, storing, and maintaining chemicals in the high school laboratory. The guide also provides information about chemical waste, safety and emergency equipment, assessing chemical hazards, common safety symbols and signs, and fundamental resources relating to chemical safety, such as Material…

Brundage, Patricia; Palassis, John

2006-01-01

406

Signed Language Working Memory Capacity of Signed Language Interpreters and Deaf Signers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of hearing status and age of signed language acquisition on signed language working memory capacity. Professional Auslan (Australian sign language)/English interpreters (hearing native signers and hearing nonnative signers) and deaf Auslan signers (deaf native signers and deaf nonnative signers) completed an…

Wang, Jihong; Napier, Jemina

2013-01-01

407

Effects of Varying Rate of Signing on ASL Manual Signs and Nonmanual Markers  

PubMed Central

Spoken languages are characterized by flexible, multivariate prosodic systems. As a natural language, American Sign Language (ASL), and other sign languages (SLs), are also expected to be characterized in the same way. Artificially created signing systems for classroom use, such as signed English, serve as a contrast to natural sign languages. The present article explores the effects of changes in signing rate on signs, pauses, and, unlike previous studies, a variety of nonmanual markers. Rate was a main effect on the duration of signs, the number of pauses and pause duration, the duration of brow raises, the duration of licensed lowered brows, the number and duration of blinks, all of which decreased with increased signing rate. This indicates that signers produced their different signing rates without making dramatic changes in the number of signs, but instead by varying the sign duration, in accordance with previous observations (Grosjean, 1978, 1979). These results can be brought to bear on three different issues: (1) the difference between grammatical nonmanuals and non-grammatical nonmanuals; (2) the fact that nonmanuals in general are not just a modality effect; and (3) the use of some nonmanuals as pragmatically determined as opposed to overt morphophonological markers reflecting the semantic–syntax–pragmatic interfaces.

Wilbur, Ronnie B.

2009-01-01

408

Signed Language Working Memory Capacity of Signed Language Interpreters and Deaf Signers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the effects of hearing status and age of signed language acquisition on signed language working memory capacity. Professional Auslan (Australian sign language)/English interpreters (hearing native signers and hearing nonnative signers) and deaf Auslan signers (deaf native signers and deaf nonnative signers) completed an…

Wang, Jihong; Napier, Jemina

2013-01-01

409

The Sign "Institute" and Its Derivatives: A Family of Culturally Important ASL Signs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The sign "institute" is the source of a family of ASL signs that are used to refer to residential schools for deaf children and to other institutions. The members of the "institute" sign family--although initialized--are well-established within the Deaf community and, importantly, are used to refer to highly-valued aspects of Deaf culture. This…

Kowalsky, Jilly; Meier, Richard P.

2013-01-01

410

Workplace Concepts in Sign and Text. A Computerized Sign Language Dictionary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a dictionary of essential vocabulary, signs, and illustrations of workplace activities to be used to train deaf or hearing-impaired adults. It contains more than 500 entries with workplace-relevant vocabulary, each including an illustration of the signed word or phrase in American Sign Language, a description of how to make the…

Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, Pittsburgh.

411

Chvostek sign, frequently found in healthy subjects, is not a useful clinical sign.  

PubMed

A healthy, 26-year-old resident (video) presented with a bilateral Chvostek sign. This finding prompted us to search for the sign in young healthy subjects in our ward, mainly residents and medical students. We found this sign in 6 of 11 subjects. PMID:23479466

Méneret, Aurélie; Guey, Stéphanie; Degos, Bertrand

2013-03-12

412

Acquisition of signs from American sign language in hearing individuals following left hemisphere damage and aphasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three severely aphasic hearing patients with no prior knowledge of sign language were able to acquire competency in aspects of American Sign Language (ASL) lexicon and finger spelling, in contrast to a near complete inability to speak the Engliih counterparts of these visuo-gestural signs. Two patients with damage in left postero-lateral temporal and inferior parietal cortices mastered production and comprehension

Steven W. Anderson; Hanna Damasio; Antonio R. Damasio; Edward Klima; Ursula Bellugi; Joan P. Brandt

1992-01-01

413

Workplace Concepts in Sign and Text. A Computerized Sign Language Dictionary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is a dictionary of essential vocabulary, signs, and illustrations of workplace activities to be used to train deaf or hearing-impaired adults. It contains more than 500 entries with workplace-relevant vocabulary, each including an illustration of the signed word or phrase in American Sign Language, a description of how to make the…

Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf, Pittsburgh.

414

The First Signs of Language: Phonological Development in British Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 1,018 signs in one deaf child's naturalistic interaction with her deaf mother, between the ages of 19 and 24 months were analyzed. This study summarizes regular modification processes in the phonology of the child sign's handshape, location, movement, and prosody. First, changes to signs were explained by the notion of phonological…

Morgan, Gary; Barrett-Jones, Sarah; Stoneham, Helen

2007-01-01

415

Recovering the linguistic components of the manual signs in American Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manual signs in American sign language (ASL) are constructed using three building blocks -handshape, motion, and place of articulations. Only when these three are successfully estimated, can a sign by uniquely identified. Hence, the use of pattern recognition techniques that use only a subset of these is inappropriate. To achieve accurate classifications, the motion, the handshape and their three-dimensional position

Liya Ding; Aleix M. Martínez

2007-01-01

416

The Sign Language Skills Classroom Observation: A Process for Describing Sign Language Proficiency in Classroom Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In collaboration with teachers and students at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID), the Sign Language Skills Classroom Observation (SLSCO) was designed to provide feedback to teachers on their sign language communication skills in the classroom. In the present article, the impetus and rationale for development of the SLSCO is discussed. Previous studies related to classroom signing and

June B. Reeves; William Newell; Barbara Ray Holcomb; Michael Stinson

2000-01-01

417

DeSIGN: An Intelligent Tutor to Teach American Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the development of DeSIGN, an educational software application for those deaf students who are taught to com- municate using American Sign Language (ASL). The software re- inforces English vocabulary and ASL signs by providing two es- sential components of a tutor, lessons and tests. The current ver- sion was designed for 5th and 6th graders, whose literacy

Ling Xu; Vinithra Varadharajan; Joyce Maravich; Rahul Tongia; Jack Mostow

418

Miniaturized pulse oximeter sensor for continuous vital parameter monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A miniaturized photoplethysmographic sensor system which utilizes the principle of pulse oximetry is presented. The sensor is designed to be implantable and will permit continuous monitoring of important human vital parameters such as arterial blood oxygen saturation as well as pulse rate and shape over a long-term period in vivo. The system employs light emitting diodes and a photo transistor embedded in a transparent elastic cu. which is directly wrapped around an arterial vessel. This paper highlights the specific challenges in design, instrumentation, and electronics associated with that sensor location. In vitro measurements were performed using an artificial circulation system which allows for regulation of the oxygen saturation and pulsatile pumping of whole blood through a section of a domestic pig's arterial vessel. We discuss our experimental results compared to reference CO-oximeter measurements and determine the empirical calibration curve. These results demonstrate the capabilities of the pulse oximeter implant for measurement of a wide range of oxygen saturation levels and pave the way for a continuous and mobile monitoring of high-risk cardiovascular patients.

Fiala, Jens; Reichelt, Stephan; Werber, Armin; Bingger, Philipp; Zappe, Hans; Förster, Katharina; Klemm, Rolf; Heilmann, Claudia; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm

2007-06-01

419

Plant roots and spectroscopic methods - analyzing species, biomass and vitality  

PubMed Central

In order to understand plant functioning, plant community composition, and terrestrial biogeochemistry, it is decisive to study standing root biomass, (fine) root dynamics, and interactions belowground. While most plant taxa can be identified by visual criteria aboveground, roots show less distinctive features. Furthermore, root systems of neighboring plants are rarely spatially segregated; thus, most soil horizons and samples hold roots of more than one species necessitating root sorting according to taxa. In the last decades, various approaches, ranging from anatomical and morphological analyses to differences in chemical composition and DNA sequencing were applied to discern species’ identity and biomass belowground. Among those methods, a variety of spectroscopic methods was used to detect differences in the chemical composition of roots. In this review, spectroscopic methods used to study root systems of herbaceous and woody species in excised samples or in situ will be discussed. In detail, techniques will be reviewed according to their usability to discern root taxa, to determine root vitality, and to quantify root biomass non-destructively or in soil cores holding mixtures of plant roots. In addition, spectroscopic methods which may be able to play an increasing role in future studies on root biomass and related traits are highlighted.

Rewald, Boris; Meinen, Catharina

2013-01-01

420

Planned oil pipeline vital to economy of Kazakhstan  

SciTech Connect

The West Kazakhstan-Kumkol pipeline project is extremely vital to the economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan`s ultimate goal of transporting crude oil produced from the western part of the country eastward to Kumkol, from where it is further transported through existing pipelines to refineries in Chimkent in the south and Pavoldar in the northeast. The two refineries are now mainly supplied with west Siberian crudes imported through a pipeline that approaches Kazakhstan via Omsk. The planned pipeline will allow increased use of local crudes, thereby considerably improving a secure supply for the consumers while also increasing the flexibility of the nation`s overall import/export situation. The importance of this project is stressed by the Kazakh government which has officially classified it as a national priority project. The technical feasibility study of the project was prepared by ILF Consulting Engineers of Germany and Price Waterhouse Financial Consultants is conducting a study to determine the economical viability of the project. The overall cost is estimated at $1.1 billion, with the cost of Phase 1 placed at $600 million.

NONE

1996-08-01

421

Laboratory Reagents  

SciTech Connect

Replaced by WMH-310, Section 4.17. This document outlined the basic methodology for preparing laboratory reagents used in the 222-S Standards Laboratory. Included were general guidelines for drying, weighing, transferring, dissolving, and diluting techniques common when preparing laboratory reagents and standards. Appendix A contained some of the reagents prepared by the laboratory.

CARLSON, D.D.

1999-10-08

422

[Collier's sign in Miller Fisher syndrome].  

PubMed

Collier's sign is well known as unilateral or bilateral eyelid retraction due to midbrain lesions. This sign is usually caused by infarction, tumor, multiple sclerosis, neuro-degenerative disease, or encephalitis. We report a case of Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) which demonstrated Collier's sign. A 54-year-old man developed ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia two weeks after common cold-like symptoms. At the same time, bilateral upper eyelid retraction (Collier's sign) was remarkably observed. Serum anti-GQ1b antibody was positive. Albumino-cytologic dissociation was seen at two weeks after onset. We treated him with high dose intravenous immunogloblins (IVIg) for five days. There was remarkable improvement after the administration of IVIg, and there was a complete recovery from his eyelid retraction. All his symptoms of MFS also disappeared. The eyelid retraction of Collier's sign has been reported to occur with lesions in the rostral midbrain and posterior commissure. Therefore, Collier's sign in this patient suggested central nervous system involvement in the MFS. To our knowledge, this is the first report of MFS associated with Collier's sign. PMID:17323781

Miyaishi, Masahiro; Hemmi, Shoji; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Murakami, Tatsufumi; Sunada, Yoshihide

2006-10-01

423

False localizing signs in traumatic brain injury  

PubMed Central

Background Hemiparesis ipsilateral to a mass-occupying lesion can be due to Kernohan-Woltman Notch Phenomenon (KWNP). This syndrome implies a false-localizing sign because clinical findings lead the examiner to an incorrect neuroanatomical diagnosis. The contralateral crus cerebri (pyramidal tract) is pressed against the tentorial incisum and a resultant hemiparesis is found on the same side of the lesion. Review A detailed literature search of false-localizing signs is presented. Conclusions Not infrequently, patients presenting to a physiatrist may have incomplete records. The existence of false localizing signs may point the physician towards the wrong underlying pathology.

MCKENNA, CRISTIN; FELLUS, JONATHAN; BARRETT, ANNA M.

2010-01-01

424

xdamp Version 3: An IDL{reg_sign}-based data and image manipulation program  

SciTech Connect

The original DAMP (DAta Manipulation Program) was written by Mark Hedemann of Sandia National Laboratories and used the CA-DISSPLA{trademark} (available from Computer Associates International, Inc., Garden City, NY) graphics package as its engine. It was used to plot, modify, and otherwise manipulate the one-dimensional data waveforms (data vs. time) from a wide variety of accelerators. With the waning of CA-DISSPLA and the increasing popularity of Unix{reg_sign}-based workstations, a replacement was needed. This package uses the IDL{reg_sign} software, available from Research Systems Incorporated in Boulder, Colorado, as the engine, and creates a set of widgets to manipulate the data in a manner similar to the original DAMP and earlier versions of xdamp. IDL is currently supported on a wide variety of Unix platforms such as IBM{reg_sign} workstations, Hewlett Packard workstations, SUN{reg_sign} workstations, Microsoft{reg_sign} Windows{trademark} computers, Macintosh{reg_sign} computers and Digital Equipment Corporation VMS{reg_sign} and Alpha{reg_sign} systems. Thus, xdamp is portable across many platforms. The author has verified operation, albeit with some minor IDL bugs, on personal computers using Windows 95 and Windows NT; IBM Unix platforms; and DEC alpha and VMS systems; HP 9000/700 series workstations; and Macintosh computers, both regular and PowerPC{trademark} versions. Version 3 adds the capability to manipulate images to the original xdamp capabilities.

Ballard, W.P.

1998-05-01

425

A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that the interplay of water, carbon and vegetation dynamics fundamentally links some global trends in the current and conceivable future Anthropocene, such as cropland expansion, freshwater use, and climate change and its impacts. Based on a review of recent literature including geographically explicit simulation studies with the process-based LPJmL global biosphere model, it demonstrates that the connectivity of water and vegetation dynamics is vital for water security, food security and (terrestrial) ecosystem dynamics alike. The water limitation of net primary production of both natural and agricultural plants - already pronounced in many regions - is shown to increase in many places under projected climate change, though this development is partially offset by water-saving direct CO2 effects. Natural vegetation can to some degree adapt dynamically to higher water limitation, but agricultural crops usually require some form of active management to overcome it - among them irrigation, soil conservation and eventually shifts of cropland to areas that are less water-limited due to more favourable climatic conditions. While crucial to secure food production for a growing world population, such human interventions in water-vegetation systems have, as also shown, repercussions on the water cycle. Indeed, land use changes are shown to be the second-most important influence on the terrestrial water balance in recent times. Furthermore, climate change (warming and precipitation changes) will in many regions increase irrigation demand and decrease water availability, impeding rainfed and irrigated food production (if not CO2 effects counterbalance this impact - which is unlikely at least in poorly managed systems). Drawing from these exemplary investigations, some research perspectives on how to further improve our knowledge of human-water-vegetation interactions in the Anthropocene are outlined.

Gerten, D.

2013-10-01

426

Bone as a source of organism vitality and regeneration.  

PubMed

The most important features that determine the vital role of bone include: a) a continuous supply of calcium, which is indispensible for every cell of the entire organism at all times, and b) the delivery of circulating blood cells and some adult stem cells to keep the body vigorous, ready for self-reparation, and continuously rebuilding throughout life. These functions of bones are no less important than protecting the body cavities, serving as mechanical levers connected to the muscles, and determining the shape and dimensions of the entire organism. The aim of this review was to address some basic cellular and molecular knowledge to better understand the complex interactions of bone structural components. The apprehension of osteoblast differentiation and its local regulation has substantially increased in recent years. It has been suggested that osteocytes, cells within the bone matrix, act as regulatory mechanosensors. Therefore immobility as well as limited activity has a dramatic effect on bone structure and influences a broad spectrum of bone physiology-related functions as well as the functions of many other organs. Lifelong bone rebuilding is modulated through several pathways, including the Wnt pathway that regulates bone formation and resorption. In the adult skeleton, bone is continuously renewed in response to a variety of stimuli, such as the specific process of remodeling dependent on RANK/ /RANKL/OPG interactions. Better understanding of bone biology provides opportunities for the development of more effective prevention and treatment modalities for a variety of bone diseases, including new approaches to adult stem cell-based therapies. PMID:22252750

Mackiewicz, Zygmunt; Nikli?ska, Wies?awa Ewa; Kowalewska, Jolanta; Chyczewski, Lech

2011-01-01

427

In-vehicle signing functions and systems concepts  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes functional requirements and system concepts for an In-Vehicle Signing (IVS) system, which will bring information from roadway signs, signals, and pavement markings into the vehicle for presentation to the driver. Information filter functions will assure that the only messages displayed are those which are important to the driver and which apply. Display functions will optimize the presentation of the message to ambient conditions, driver preferences, the number of simultaneous messages, and the urgency of the message. Timing functions will display a sign as soon as it is needed, for the entire time that it applies, and only while it applies. IVS is one of the core components of an integrated In-Vehicle Information System, which will manage and fuse all driving-related information. Two different IVS system concepts have been investigated: one based on a map database, the other on beacon technology. This work is being conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the US Federal Highway Administration as part of the Intelligent Transportation System Program.

Tufano, D.R.; Spelt, P.F.; Knee, H.E.

1996-03-01

428

Reducing signs of aging and increasing lifespan by drug synergy.  

PubMed

Disease incidence rises rapidly with age and increases both human suffering and economic hardship while shortening life. Advances in understanding the signaling pathways and cellular processes that influence aging support the possibility of reducing the incidence of age-related diseases and increasing lifespan by pharmacological intervention. Here, we demonstrate a novel pharmacological strategy that both reduces signs of aging in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and generates a synergistic increase in lifespan. By combining a low dose of rapamycin, to reduce activity of the target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) protein kinase, and myriocin, to reduce sphingolipid synthesis, we show enhancement of autophagy, genomic stability, mitochondrial function, and AMP kinase pathway activity. These processes are controlled by evolutionarily conserved signal transduction pathways that are vital for maintaining a healthy state and promoting a long life. Thus, our data show that it ought to be possible to find pharmacological approaches to generate a synergistic reduction in the incidence of human age-related diseases to improve health quality in the elderly and enhance lifespan. PMID:23601176

Huang, Xinhe; Liu, Jun; Withers, Bradley R; Samide, Aaron J; Leggas, Markos; Dickson, Robert C

2013-05-15

429

Instrumental Colorimetry of Retroreflective Sign Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Because color-coded applications of highway signs increase, specification of colors and color tolerances are required. In order to assure that the requirements are met within specified regions, a measurement technique needs to be developed and described. ...

I. Nimeroff W. A. Hall

1975-01-01

430

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver shall comply with all posted traffic and...

2012-01-01

431

15 CFR 265.14 - Signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.14 Signs. Every driver shall comply with all posted traffic and...

2013-01-01

432

Phonological "Deviance" in British Sign Language Poetry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the phonological deviance of the poetry of Dorothy Miles, who composed her work in both British Sign Language and English. Analysis is based on three poems performed by Miles herself. (Author/VWL)

Sutton-Spence, Rachel

2001-01-01

433

An approach for traffic prohibition sign detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an off-line traffic prohibition sign detection approach, whose core is based on combination with the color feature of traffic prohibition signs, shape feature and degree of circularity. Matlab-Image-processing toolbox is used for this purpose. In order to reduce the computational cost, a pre-processing of the image is applied before the core. Then, we employ the obvious redness attribute of prohibition signs to coarsely eliminate the non-redness image in the input data. Again, a edge-detection operator, Canny edge detector, is applied to extract the potential edge. Finally, Degree of circularity is used to verdict the traffic prohibition sign. Experimental results show that our systems offer satisfactory performance.

Li, Qingquan; Xu, Dihong; Li, Bijun; Zeng, Zhe

2006-10-01

434

What Are the Warning Signs of Stroke?  

MedlinePLUS

... part of the body it controls. TIAs, or transient ischemic attacks, are “warning strokes” that can happen before a ... for a short time. The signs of a TIA are like a stroke, but they usually last ...

435

Phonological "Deviance" in British Sign Language Poetry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the phonological deviance of the poetry of Dorothy Miles, who composed her work in both British Sign Language and English. Analysis is based on three poems performed by Miles herself. (Author/VWL)|

Sutton-Spence, Rachel

2001-01-01

436

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Annual Report - Fiscal Year 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The projects described in this report represent the Laboratory's investment in its future and are vital to maintaining the ability to develop creative solutions for the scientific and technical challenges faced by DOE and the nation. In accordance with DOE guidelines, the report provides, (a) a director's statement, (b) an overview of the laboratory's LDRD program, including PNNL's management process

Darrell R Fisher; Pamela J Hughes; Erik W Pearson

2001-01-01

437

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Annual Report - Fiscal Year 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The projects described in this report represent the Laboratory's investment in its future and are vital to maintaining the ability to develop creative solutions for the scientific and technical challenges faced by DOE and the nation. In accordance with DOE guidelines, the report provides, a) a director's statement, b) an overview of the laboratory's LDRD program, including PNNL's management process

Darrell R. Fisher; Pamela J. Hughes; Erik W. Pearson

2001-01-01

438

Sign-symmetry of temperature structure functions.  

PubMed

New scalar structure functions with different sign-symmetry properties are defined. These structure functions possess different scaling exponents even when their order is the same. Their scaling properties are investigated for second and third orders, using data from high-Reynolds-number atmospheric boundary layer. It is only when structure functions with disparate sign-symmetry properties are compared can the extended self-similarity detect two different scaling ranges that may exist, as in the example of convective turbulence. PMID:15244734

Aivalis, Konstantinos G; Kurien, Susan; Schumacher, Jörg; Sreenivasan, Katepalli R

2004-06-23

439

Neurological soft signs in mainstream pupils  

PubMed Central

AIMS—(1) To examine the relation between neurological soft signs and measures of cognition, coordination, and behaviour in mainstream schoolchildren. (2) To determine whether high soft sign scores may predict children with significant problems in other areas.?METHODS—A total of 169 children aged between 8 and 13 years from mainstream schools were assessed. They form part of a larger study into the outcome of meningococcal disease in childhood. Half had previous meningococcal disease and half were controls. Assessment involved measurement of six soft signs followed by assessment of motor skills (movement ABC), cognitive function (WISC-III), and behaviour (Conners' Rating Scales).?RESULTS—Children having an age corrected soft sign score above the 90th centile were considered to have an excess of soft signs. When compared to the other children they had significantly worse scores on the other three measures. Median movement ABC score was 15.3v 7. Mean total IQ scores were lower by 10.3 points. Median behaviour scores were significantly higher on both parental and teacher questionnaires. A soft sign score above the 90th centile had a sensitivity of 38% for detecting cognitive impairment, 42% for detecting coordination problems, and 25% for detecting possible attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.?CONCLUSION—In this group of children higher scores on the soft sign battery were related to significantly worse performance on measures of cognition, coordination, and behaviour. However, although soft sign assessment may be of interest it cannot accurately predict which children are likely to have impairment in other areas.??

Fellick, J; Thomson, A; Sills, J; Hart, C; STEPHENSON, P

2001-01-01

440

Reversed Halo Sign in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex  

PubMed Central

We describe a reversed halo sign in a teenage girl with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Lung manifestations of TSC include lung cysts corresponding to lymphangioleiomyomatosis and small nodules indicating multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MMPH). However, a reversed halo sign in TSC has never been reported. The lesion was microscopically consistent with MMPH. Immunohistological findings also supported the notion that the lesion is associated with TSC.

Seyama, Kuniaki; Hayashi, Takuo; Yamashiro, Yuki; Shiraishi, Akihiko; Kuwatsuru, Ryohei

2013-01-01

441

Perception of prosody in American Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal of this dissertation is to examine the ability to use prosodic cues when parsing Intonational Phrases (IPs) in American Sign Language (ASL) by four different populations, i.e. ASL signers, Hong Kong Sign Language (HKSL) signers, Non-Signers and second language (L2) signers of ASL.^ ASL signers, Non-Signers and L2 signers showed similar performance in terms of accuracy when

Carolina Gonzalez

2011-01-01

442

Dimensions et measure de la vitalite linguistique (Dimensions and Measurement of Linguistic Vitality). Volume 1. Publication G-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first volume of a study of the vitality of written Indian languages explains a computerized system for rating vitality and tests certain demographic variables, with statistical analysis, to determine their influence on the vitality rating. An introductory section examines the concept of linguistic vitality and issues of its measurement. The…

McConnell, Grant D.; Gendron, Jean-Denis

443

Beevor's sign in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy: an old sign with new implications.  

PubMed

Beevor's sign, an upward deflection of the umbilicus on flexion of the neck, is the result of paralysis of the inferior portion of the rectus abdominis muscle, so that the upper fibers predominate, pulling the umbilicus upwards. The condition may be caused by spinal cord injury at or below the level of Th10. It has also been observed in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). Positive Beevor's sign has been described as a sign of more than 90% sensitivity and specificity with regard to diagnosis of FSHD. We investigated 28 patients with FSHD, proven by genetic analysis, and 65 non-FSHD patients with other neuromuscular diseases. In 13 patients classical FSHD phenotype was observed, in 15 patients phenotype was atypical. Beevor's sign was positive in 15 out of 28 FSHD patients as well as in two of the 65 non-FSHD patients. In patients with typical FSHD phenotype, Beevor's sign was positive in 11/13. Only 4/15 patients with atypical FSHD phenotype showed Beevor's sign. Beevor's sign is less frequent in patients with atypical phenotype. Although Beevor's sign is significantly more frequent in FSHD patients than in patients with other neuromuscular diseases, Beevor's sign is not as sensitive as previously reported. However, especially in atypical cases, Beevor's sign might help in the diagnosis of FSHD. PMID:19838767

Eger, Katharina; Jordan, Berit; Habermann, Sylvia; Zierz, Stephan

2009-10-17

444

Vital aspects of nursing: the family planning component.  

PubMed

3 basic conditions are needed to accelerate the adoption of India's family planning program: social approval for the program; knowledge about family planning; and availability of services. The program is likely to succeed if an intensive drive is made to establish effective communication with people in order to create in them a recognition of the value of a small family. Nursing personnel form a vital component of the health team that has to shoulder major responsibilities in creating the above basic conditions in the country. Their knowledge, skills and devotion bring them close to the patients and communities under circumstances where most of their advice is welcomed. This, along with the nature of their tasks, can help nurses to help the families in accepting the family planning program. As educators nurses will need to integrate an educational component in their daily activities and to utilize various interactional situations to inform couples about the advantages of planned parenthood, available methods for spacing and limitation, motivate them to accept a contraceptive method, to remove doubts and fears about family planning methods, and to make people aware of the maternal and child health (MCH) component of the program. It is essential for a nurse to judge the effectiveness of her instruction. She can accomplish this by observing and studying the reactions and actions of her audience. Nurses also have a role in planning special aspects of the family planning program. As program planners, nurses must draw inferences from the collected data and apply these in developing a feasible and effective program for their respective areas. Nurses can play an important role in determining training needs of volunteers and in developing and imparting training. Every nurse functions to some degree in a supervisory capacity. In the family planning program the role of a nurse includes the supervision of auxiliary nurse midwives, traditional birth attendants, family planning depot holders, and others who are involved in the program in both clinic and community situations. In clinical settings nurses can assist in arranging clinics to follow procedures for prescribing clinical methods, in the maintenance of equipment, distribution of medicine, and preparation of case cards. In the rural areas nurses can aid in the development of an efficient supply line in the community. Nurses can also play an important role in the maintenance of family planning records. PMID:6923319

Bhandari, U; Bhandari, V

1982-05-01

445

Revitalization through Self-Regulation: The Effects of Autonomous and Controlled Motivation on Happiness and Vitality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies examined the effects of experimentally induced motivational orientations on the subtly different positive affects of vitality and happiness. We hypothesized, based on self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1991; Ryan & Frederick, 1997), that doing well when autonomously motivated would enhance subjective vitality relative to doing well when controlled in one's motivation, but that doing well under the two

Glen A. Nix; Richard M. Ryan; John B. Manly; Edward L. Deci

1999-01-01

446

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

447

The Person in the Profession: Renewing Teacher Vitality through Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher's vocational vitality, or capacity to be vital, present, and deeply connected to his or her students, is not a fixed, indelible condition, but a state that ebbs and flows with the context and challenges of the teaching life. In light of this, an emerging form of professional development programming explicitly devoted to nourishing the…

Intrator, Sam M.; Kunzman, Robert

2006-01-01

448

Comparison of several Russian populations by vital statistics and frequency of genes causing hereditary pathology  

SciTech Connect

Distances computed from vital statistics using the Euclid formula and thus termed {open_quotes}vital{close_quotes} are proposed for use in population studies. An example of use of these statistics for comparison of four large geographically separated Russian populations is given. 9 refs., 1 tab.

El`chinova, G.I.; Mamedova, R.A.; Brusintseva, O.V.; Ginter, E.K. [Medical-Genetic Research Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1994-11-01

449

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

450

Hepatitis C virus targets DC-SIGN and L-SIGN to escape lysosomal degradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major health problem. However, the mechanism of hepatocyte infection is largely unknown. We demonstrate that the dendritic cell (DC)-specific C-type lectin DC-SIGN and its liver-expressed homologue L-SIGN\\/DC-SIGNR are important receptors for HCV envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2. Mutagenesis analyses demonstrated that both HCV E1 and E2 bind the same binding site on DC-SIGN as

Irene S. Ludwig; Annemarie N. Lekkerkerker; Erik Depla; Fons Bosman; R. J. P. Musters; S. Depraetere; Kooijk van Y; T. B. H. Geijtenbeek

2004-01-01

451

Investigation of the Effectiveness of Traffic Sign Training in Terms of Training Methods and Sign Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This research investigated whether different training methods had any effect on the effectiveness of traffic sign training and whether there were any relationships between traffic sign characteristics and effectiveness of the training. Methods: Thirty-six participants were randomly assigned into 4 equal-sized groups (control, paired-associate learning, recall training, and recognition training) to study the learnability of Mainland China traffic signs.

Annie W. Y. Ng; Alan H. S. Chan

2011-01-01

452

The dangling diaphragm sign: sensitivity and comparison with existing CT signs of blunt traumatic diaphragmatic rupture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of our study were to describe a new CT sign of diaphragmatic injury, the “dangling diaphragm” sign, and assess\\u000a its comparative utility relative to other signs in the diagnosis of diaphragmatic injury resulting from blunt trauma. CT scans\\u000a of 16 blunt trauma patients (12 men and four women, mean age 36.6 years old) with surgically proven diaphragmatic injury and

Terry S. Desser; Byard Edwards; Stephen Hunt; Jarrett Rosenberg; Mary Anne Purtill; R. Brooke Jeffrey

2010-01-01

453

A Retrospective Analysis to Validate the Alarm Signs Used in the CEDAP-Plus Study.  

PubMed

Background and Study Aim. This study aimed to validate the alarm signs used in the 2007 German CEDAP-Plus study for indicating capsule endoscopy in patients who have idiopathic chronic abdominal pain. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of all patients who underwent capsule endoscopy at our institution between August 2007 and August 2009 for chronic hitherto undiagnosed abdominal pain, despite previous investigations. The demographic data, indications, findings, and diagnoses were recorded, as were the alarm signs (i.e., 10% loss of weight within 3 months, suspected small intestinal bleed or chronic anemia, and laboratory indications of inflammation). Results. Alarm signs were found in only 4 of the 62 included patients. Capsule endoscopy revealed findings that led to diagnoses of Crohn's disease (n = 4), tuberculosis (n = 1), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (n = 3), and hookworm (n = 1); these diagnoses included 100% (4/4) of the patients with alarm signs, but only 8.6% (5/58) of patients without them. However, 55.6% (5/9) of patients with clinically capsule endoscopy findings reported no alarm signs. Conclusions. Although selecting patients based on the alarm signs may increase the yield of capsule endoscopy, the alarm sign criteria appear to have low sensitivity. PMID:21991500

Zhang, Hou-De; Lin, Mu-Xian; Zhang, Qu

2011-06-16

454

xdamp Version 2: An IDL{reg_sign}-based data manipulation program  

SciTech Connect

The original DAMP (DAta Manipulation Program) was written by Mark Hedemann of Sandia National Laboratories and used the CA-DISSPLA{trademark} (available from Computer Associates International, Inc., Garden City, NY) graphics package as its engine. It was used to plot, modify, and otherwise manipulate the one-dimensional data waveforms (data vs. time) from a wide variety of accelerators. With the waning of CA-DISSPLA and the increasing popularity of UNIX{reg_sign}-based workstations, a replacement was needed. This package uses the IDL{reg_sign} software, available from Research Systems Incorporated in Boulder, Colorado, as the engine, and creates a set of widgets to manipulate the data in a manner similar to the original DAMP.IDL is currently supported on a wide variety of UNIX platforms such as IBM{reg_sign} workstations, Hewlett Packard workstations, SUN{reg_sign} workstations, Microsoft{reg_sign} Windows{trademark} computers, Macintosh{reg_sign} computers and Digital Equipment Corporation VMS{reg_sign} systems. Thus, xdamp is portable across many platforms. The authors have verified operation, albeit with some minor IDL bugs, on IBM PC computers using Windows, Windows 95 and Windows NT; IBM UNIX platforms; DEC Alpha and VMS systems; HP 9000/700 series workstations; and Macintosh computers, both regular and PowerPC{trademark} versions. Version 2 updates xdamp to require IDL version 4.0.1, adds many enhancements, and fixes a number of bugs.

Ballard, W.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Simulation Technology Research Dept.

1996-12-01

455

A Retrospective Analysis to Validate the Alarm Signs Used in the CEDAP-Plus Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Study Aim. This study aimed to validate the alarm signs used in the 2007 German CEDAP-Plus study for indicating capsule endoscopy in patients who have idiopathic chronic abdominal pain. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of all patients who underwent capsule endoscopy at our institution between August 2007 and August 2009 for chronic hitherto undiagnosed abdominal pain, despite previous investigations. The demographic data, indications, findings, and diagnoses were recorded, as were the alarm signs (i.e., 10% loss of weight within 3 months, suspected small intestinal bleed or chronic anemia, and laboratory indications of inflammation). Results. Alarm signs were found in only 4 of the 62 included patients. Capsule endoscopy revealed findings that led to diagnoses of Crohn's disease (n = 4), tuberculosis (n = 1), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (n = 3), and hookworm (n = 1); these diagnoses included 100% (4/4) of the patients with alarm signs, but only 8.6% (5/58) of patients without them. However, 55.6% (5/9) of patients with clinically capsule endoscopy findings reported no alarm signs. Conclusions. Although selecting patients based on the alarm signs may increase the yield of capsule endoscopy, the alarm sign criteria appear to have low sensitivity.

Zhang, Hou-De; Lin, Mu-Xian; Zhang, Qu

2011-01-01

456

Using Web3D technologies for visualization and search of signs in an international sign language dictionary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sign languages are visual languages used by deaf people to com- municate. As with spoken languages, sign languages vary among countries and have their own vocabulary and grammar. Therefore, the different deaf communities need a dictionary that associates signs to the words of the spoken language of their country as well as dictionaries which translate signs from a sign language

Fabio Buttussi; Luca Chittaro; Marco Coppo

2007-01-01

457

Minimal Luminance Requirement for Official Highway Signs. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the study were to establish minimal levels of sign luminance for various signing applications and conditions, and to develop a structure for determining sign maintenance priorities. The objectives were addressed via development of a syst...

D. J. Mace R. S. Hostetter L. E. Pollack W. D. Zweig

1986-01-01

458

36 CFR 504.9 - Placards, signs, banners and flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Placards, signs, banners and flags. 504.9 Section 504...GROUNDS § 504.9 Placards, signs, banners and flags. The displaying or carrying of placards, signs, banners, or flags is prohibited unless...

2009-07-01

459

36 CFR 520.10 - Placards, signs, banners, and flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Placards, signs, banners, and flags. 520.10 Section 520...INSTITUTION § 520.10 Placards, signs, banners, and flags. The displaying or carrying of placards, signs, banners, or flags is prohibited unless...

2010-07-01

460

36 CFR 520.10 - Placards, signs, banners, and flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Placards, signs, banners, and flags. 520.10 Section 520...INSTITUTION § 520.10 Placards, signs, banners, and flags. The displaying or carrying of placards, signs, banners, or flags is prohibited unless...

2009-07-01

461

36 CFR 504.9 - Placards, signs, banners and flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Placards, signs, banners and flags. 504.9 Section 504...GROUNDS § 504.9 Placards, signs, banners and flags. The displaying or carrying of placards, signs, banners, or flags is prohibited unless...

2010-07-01

462

Disappearing signs of acute myocardial infarction in a patient with viral myocarditis  

PubMed Central

A case of acute viral myocarditis with the rapid appearance and disappearance of clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, and vectorcardiographic signs of acute myocardial infarction is described in this report. Although segmentary alterations in contractility were demonstrated by ventriculography, coronary angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. Images

Bullon, F. Sarnago; Falzgraf, Sharon; Pedrero, Agustin Camacho; Jimenez, Manuel Abeytua

1980-01-01

463

MTR STACK, TRA710, DETAIL OF BASE. CAMERA FACING NORTH. SIGN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

MTR STACK, TRA-710, DETAIL OF BASE. CAMERA FACING NORTH. SIGN SAYS "DANGER, DO NOT USE THIS LADDER." TRA-605, PROCESS WATER BUILDING, IN VIEW AT LEFT. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD52-1-3. Mike Crane, Photographer, 5/2005 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

464

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Hanging Sign  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive homework problem for introductory physics students relating to torque due to frictional force. It involves a system in which a 1050 kg sign is attached to a rod perpendicular to a rough wall. A guy wire is affixed to the end of the rod and to the wall, bearing the load of the sign. Students must determine the smallest value of coefficient of friction possible for the sign to stay in place. A user-activated "help" sequence is provided for each step of the problem-solving, from conceptual analysis through quantitative calculation. To promote critical thinking, immediate feedback is received for both correct and incorrect responses. This item is part of a larger collection of interactive homework problems for introductory physics.

Gladding, Gary

2008-09-10

465

A Sign Language Screen Reader for Deaf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Screen reader technology has appeared first to allow blind and people with reading difficulties to use computer and to access to the digital information. Until now, this technology is exploited mainly to help blind community. During our work with deaf people, we noticed that a screen reader can facilitate the manipulation of computers and the reading of textual information. In this paper, we propose a novel screen reader dedicated to deaf. The output of the reader is a visual translation of the text to sign language. The screen reader is composed by two essential modules: the first one is designed to capture the activities of users (mouse and keyboard events). For this purpose, we adopted Microsoft MSAA application programming interfaces. The second module, which is in classical screen readers a text to speech engine (TTS), is replaced by a novel text to sign (TTSign) engine. This module converts text into sign language animation based on avatar technology.

El Ghoul, Oussama; Jemni, Mohamed

466

Early signs in schizophrenia spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

The frequency of various early signs of illness was examined in 96 first-episode patients suffering from schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or schizophreniform disorder. A factor analysis of these early signs was performed, and each of the five dimensions identified was examined for its relation to symptoms of psychosis at presentation and after 1 year of treatment. The results suggested five primary dimensions of early signs: emotional dysphoria and odd perceptual and cognitive content, impaired functioning, changes related to psychobiological or vegetative functioning, suspiciousness accompanied by difficulties in concentration, and irritability/aggression. Impaired functioning in the prepsychosis period was associated with higher negative symptoms at presentation for treatment, and higher levels of psychobiological changes were associated with lower positive symptoms of psychosis after a year of treatment. The latter findings may indicate that patients with more profound indications of affective disturbance or stress have a better prognosis. PMID:15674130

Norman, Ross M G; Scholten, Derek J; Malla, Ashok K; Ballageer, Trevor

2005-01-01

467

Arm levitation sign in acute right frontoparietal infarct.  

PubMed

We present the case of an 80-year-old female with acute right fronto-parietal stroke and an interesting neurological sign on clinical examination; the arm levitation sign. We discuss the imaging correlates of this sign and hypothesize on the possible functional etiology of the sign. We also discuss in brief, the possibility of neuronal misconnections causing the sign and the resultant problems with rehabilitation when patients have this sign. PMID:21206448

Alanazy, Mohammed H; Menon, Bijoy K; Demchuk, Andrew M

2011-01-01

468

Online screening for distress, the 6th vital sign, in newly diagnosed oncology outpatients: randomised controlled trial of computerised vs personalised triage  

PubMed Central

Background: This randomised controlled trial examined the impact of screening for distress followed by two different triage methods on clinically relevant outcomes over a 12-month period. Methods: Newly diagnosed patients attending a large tertiary cancer centre were randomised to one of the two conditions: (1) screening with computerised triage or (2) screening with personalised triage, both following standardised clinical triage algorithms. Patients completed the Distress Thermometer, Pain and Fatigue Thermometers, the Psychological Screen for Cancer (PSSCAN) Part C and questions on resource utilisation at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. Results: In all, 3133 patients provided baseline data (67% of new patients); with 1709 (54.5%) retained at 12 months (15.4% deceased). Mixed effects models revealed that both groups experienced significant decreases in distress, anxiety, depression, pain and fatigue over time. People receiving personalised triage and people reporting higher symptom burden were more likely to access services, which was subsequently related to greater decreases in distress, anxiety and depression. Women may benefit more from personalised triage, whereas men may benefit more from a computerised triage model. Conclusion: Screening for distress is a viable intervention that has the potential to decrease symptom burden up to 12?months post diagnosis. The best model of screening may be to incorporate personalised triage for patients indicating high levels of depression and anxiety while providing computerised triage for others.

Carlson, L E; Waller, A; Groff, S L; Zhong, L; Bultz, B D

2012-01-01

469

Monitoring physical functioning as the sixth vital sign: evaluating patient and practice engagement in chronic illness care in a primary care setting--a quasi-experimental design  

PubMed Central

Background In Canada, one in three adults or almost 9 million people report having a chronic condition. Over two thirds of total deaths result from cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and respiratory illness and 77% of persons ?65 years have at least one chronic condition. Persons with chronic disease are at risk for functional decline; as a result, there is an increased awareness of the significance of functional status as an important health outcome. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients who receive a multi-component rehabilitation intervention, including online monitoring of function with feedback and self-management workshops, showed less functional decline than case matched controls who did not receive this intervention. In addition, we wanted to determine whether capacity building initiatives within the Family Health Team promote a collaborative approach to Chronic Disease Management. Methods A population-based multi-component rehabilitation intervention delivered to persons with chronic illnesses (? 44 yrs) (n = 60) was compared to a group of age and sex matched controls (n = 60) with chronic illnesses receiving usual care within a primary healthcare setting. The population-based intervention consisted of four main components: (1) function-based individual assessment and action planning, (2) rehabilitation self-management workshops, (3) on-line self-assessment of function and (4) organizational capacity building. T-tests and chi-square tests were used for continuous and categorical variables respectively in baseline comparison between groups. Results Two MANOVA showed significant between group differences in patient reported physical functioning (? = 0.88, F = (2.86) = 5.97. p = 0.004) and for the physical performance measures collectively as the dependent variable (? = 0.80, F = (6.93) = 3.68. p = 0.0025). There were no within group differences for the capacity measures. Conclusion It is feasible to monitor physical functioning as a health outcome for persons with chronic illness in primary care. The timeline for this study was not sufficient to show an increase in the capacity within the team; however there were some differences in patient outcomes. The short timeline was likely not sufficient to build the capacity required to support this approach. Trial registration NCT00859638

2012-01-01

470

Screening for distress, the 6th vital sign: common problems in cancer outpatients over one year in usual care: associations with marital status, sex, and age  

PubMed Central

Background Very few studies examine the longitudinal prevalence of problems and the awareness or use of clinical programs by patients who report these problems. Of the studies that examine age, gender and marital status as predictors of a range of patient outcomes, none examines the interactions between these demographic variables. This study examined the typical trajectory of common practical and psychosocial problems endorsed over 12 months in a usual-care sample of cancer outpatients. Specifically, we examined whether marital status, sex, age, and their interactions predicted these trajectories. We did not actively triage or refer patients in this study in order to examine the natural course of problem reports. Methods Patients completed baseline screening (N?=?1196 of 1707 approached) and the sample included more men (N?=?696) than women (N?=?498), average age 61.1 years. The most common diagnoses were gastrointestinal (27.1%), prostate (19.2%), skin (11.1%) and gynecological (9.2%). Among other measures, patients completed a Common Problem Checklist and Psychosocial Resources Use questions at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months using paper and pencil surveys. Results Results indicated that patients reported psychosocial problems more often than practical and both decreased significantly over time. Younger single patients reported more practical problems than those in committed relationships. Younger patients and women of all ages reported more psychosocial problems. Among a number of interesting interactions, for practical problems, single older patients improved more; whereas among married people, younger patients improved more. For psychosocial problems we found that older female patients improved more than younger females, but among males, it was younger patients who improved more. Young single men and women reported the most past-and future-use of services. Conclusions Younger women are particularly vulnerable to experiencing practical and psychosocial problems when diagnosed with cancer, but being married protects these younger women. Marriage appeared to buffer reports of both practical and psychosocial problems, and led to less awareness and use of services. Unexpectedly, young men reported the highest use of psychosocial services. This study informs clinical program development with information on these risk groups.

2012-01-01

471

Cancer Patient Ethnicity and Associations with Emotional Distress—the 6th Vital Sign: A New Look at Defining Patient Ethnicity in a Multicultural Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variations in access to care, utilization of available resources and treatment outcomes in the context of ethnicity have been\\u000a recognized, but very little research of this nature exists in the oncology context. The present paper is an in-depth analysis\\u000a of data on a large representative sample of Canadian cancer patients with a focus on the role of ‘ethnicity’, its association

Bejoy C. Thomas; Linda E. Carlson; Barry D. Bultz

2009-01-01

472

0.25 ?m CMOS and BiCMOS single-chip direct-conversion Doppler radars for remote sensing of vital signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. A fully integrated direct conversion Doppler radar that detects heart and respiration movement at a distance of 50 cm is described. The 1.6 GHz transceiver is implemented in both CMOS and BiCMOS technologies, with each chip occupying 14 mm2 using a 0.25 ?m silicon processes. The effects on system sensitivity of phase noise at small offset

Amy D. Droitcour; Olga Boric-Lubecke; Victor M. Lubecke; Jenshan Lin

2002-01-01

473

Signs of Urban Vitality and of Distress: Citizen Views on the Quality of Urban Life. (RE-ANNOUNCEMENT of PB85-126944-see notes field for explanation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Americans view cities as places of culture, opportunity, and amenities but also as places containing high rates of crime, unemployment, and deteriorated housing. For black and low - income Americans, the negative aspects of urban life appear more prevalen...

P. K. Mancini M. D. Abravanel

1979-01-01

474

Symptoms and signs of acute alcoholic hepatitis  

PubMed Central

Although there is not one specific sign or symptom related to alcoholic hepatitis (AH), a constellation of symptoms and signs can help make the diagnosis of AH with reasonable accuracy. Documentation of chronic and active alcohol abuse is paramount in making a diagnosis of AH. Clinical presentation after abstinence for more than 3 m should raise doubts about the diagnosis of AH and dictate the need for considering other causes of liver disease, decompensation of alcoholic cirrhosis, sepsis and malignancy as the cause of patient’s clinical profile.

Basra, Gurjot; Basra, Sarpreet; Parupudi, Sreeram

2011-01-01

475

Emergence of a Communication System: International Sign  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International Sign (henceforth IS) is a communication system that is used widely in the international Deaf Community. The present study is one of the first to research extensively the origin of both the IS lexicon and grammatical structures. Findings demonstrate that IS is both influenced by naturally evolved sign languages used in grown deaf communities (henceforth SLs) and relies heavily on iconic, universal structures. This paper shows that IS continues to develop from a simplistic iconic system into a conventionalized system with increasingly complex rules.

Rosenstock, Rachel

476

[Imaging non motor signs in Parkinson's disease].  

PubMed

Parkinson's disease is mainly considered as a motor disorder defined by a motor triad. However, various non-motor manifestations may be encountered in Parkinson's disease, including hyposmia, pain, fatigue, sleep disorders, cognitive and behavioral disorders. The pathophysiology of these signs is complex, not univocal and remains poorly understood. Functional imaging techniques either by positron emission tomography, single photon emission tomography or functional magnetic resonance imaging provide an invaluable opportunity to better understand the pathophysiology of these signs. In this paper, we present a review of the recent advances provided by functional imaging in this area. PMID:22921250

Thobois, S; Ballanger, B; Poisson, A; Broussolle, E

2012-08-24

477

The interface sign: a computed tomographic sign for distinguishig pleural and intra-abdominal fluid  

SciTech Connect

On computed tomographic scans of the upper abdomen the interface sign can help distinguish pleural and intra-abdominal fluid readily and accurately.A hazy interface between the fluid and liver or spleen is characteristic of pleural fluid. A sharp interface is characteristic of ascites. The interface sign has proved to be accurate in 30 consecutive cases.

Teplick, J.G.; Teplick, S.K.; Goodman, L.; Haskin, M.E.

1982-07-01

478

Signs of Resistance: Peer Learning of Sign Languages within "Oral" Schools for the Deaf  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the role of the Deaf child as peer educator. In schools where sign languages were banned, Deaf children became the educators of their Deaf peers in a number of contexts worldwide. This paper analyses how this peer education of sign language worked in context by drawing on two examples from boarding schools for the deaf in…

Anglin-Jaffe, Hannah

2013-01-01

479

Early Communication Acquisition by Autistic Children: Signing & Mouthing vs. Signing & Speaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares the effectiveness of a visual only approach (mouthing and signing) with a simultaneous visual and auditory approach (signing and speaking) in teaching autistic-like children to communicate. Results suggest the simultaneous approach may be superior. In addition, receptive abilities precede expressive. Implications of therapeutic…

Konstantareas, M. Mary; Leibovitz, Sandi F.

1981-01-01

480

Fusion of digital map traffic signs and camera-detected signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present several fusion approaches to merge speed limits reported in digital maps with detected speed limit signs using an onboard camera. Digital maps holding speed limits signs are required to be updated to cover speed limit changes and are unable to support variable speed limits. On the other hand, a camera system placed onboard a vehicular

Homayoun Jamshidi; Thomas Lukaszewicz; Amin Kashi; Ansel Berghuvud; Hans-Jurgen Zepernick; Siamak Khatibi

2011-01-01

481

Brazilian Sign Language Lexicography and Technology: Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, Chereme-based Sign Retrieval, and Quadriplegic Deaf Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the Brazilian Sign language digital encyclopedia, which contains a databank of 5,600 signs glossed in Portuguese and English, along with descriptions and illustrations of their signed form. (Author/VWL)|

Capovilla, Fernando C.; Duduchi, Marcelo; Raphael, Walkiria D.; Luz, Renato D.; Rozados, Daniela; Capovilla, Alessandra G. S.; Macedo, Elizeu C.

2003-01-01

482

Fiber optic based multiparametric spectroscopy in vivo: toward a new quantitative tissue vitality index  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In our previous publication (Mayevsky et al SPIE 5326: 98-105, 2004) we described a multiparametric fiber optic system enabling the evaluation of 4 physiological parameters as indicators of tissue vitality. Since the correlation between the various parameters may differ in various pathophysiological conditions there is a need for an objective quantitative index that will integrate the relative changes measured in real time by the multiparametric monitoring system into a single number-vitality index. Such an approach to calculate tissue vitality index is critical for the possibility to use such an instrument in clinical environments. In the current presentation we are reporting our preliminary results indicating that calculation of an objective tissue vitality index is feasible. We used an intuitive empirical approach based on the comparison between the calculated index by the computer and the subjective evaluation made by an expert in the field of physiological monitoring. We used the in vivo brain of rats as an animal model in our current studies. The rats were exposed to anoxia, ischemia and cortical spreading depression and the responses were recorded in real time. At the end of the monitoring session the results were analyzed and the tissue vitality index was calculated offline. Mitochondrial NADH, tissue blood flow and oxy-hemoglobin were used to calculate the vitality index of the brain in vivo, where each parameter received a different weight, in each experiment type based on their significance. It was found that the mitochondrial NADH response was the main factor affected the calculated vitality index.

Kutai-Asis, Hofit; Barbiro-Michaely, Efrat; Deutsch, Assaf; Mayevsky, Avraham

2006-03-01

483

Türk ??aret Dili Yüz ?fadesi ve Ba? Hareketi Veritabani A Database of Non-Manual Signs in Turkish Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sign languages are visual languages. The message is not only transferred via hand gestures (manual signs) but also head\\/body motion and facial expressions (non-manual signs). In this article, we present a database of non-manual signs in Turkish Sign Language (TSL). There are eight non-manual signs in the database, which are frequently used in TSL. The database contains the videos of

Oya Aran; Amaç Güvensan; Hakan Haberdar; Zeyneb Kurt; Asli Uyar; Lale Akarun; Ismail Ari

484

From Atoms to Animals: The Vital Force in Biology  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps the most significant event in intellectual history has occurred over the past several decades, a convergence of the sciences, a blurring of the distinctions between disciplines, from physics to chemistry to biology. Fundamental questions about human existence have been answered in chemical terms. What brings matter to life? What are our origins? What is the basis of cognitive activity? These and related questions have been a fertile area for philosophy and nonscientific analysis. The long history of such alternative approaches persists to this day. Life chemistry is explained by protein catalysts, in their simplest form known as enzymes, and in their full complexity, referred to as molecular machines. An example of great significance is the so-called transcription machinery, which reads out the genetic code, to direct the formation and function of all living things. The atomic structure of the transcription machinery was determined at Stanford, with the use of intense X-ray beams and facilities at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory at SLAC. The result is an image of this complex machinery in action, bringing genetic information to life.

Kornberg, Roger (Stanford University)

2008-02-26

485

Signs of Tense in ASL Verbs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|American Sign Language verbs have several ways to indicate time: 1)reference to a specific time; 2) extension at wrist, elbow, or shoulder to indicate future time; 3) flexion at wrist, elbow, or shoulder to indicate past tense. (Author/LMO)|

Jacobowitz, E. Lynn; Stokoe, William C.

1988-01-01

486

Sign communication in Cri du chat syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents findings from a study on the use of sign supported Norwegian (SSN) in two individuals with Cri du chat syndrome (CCS). The study gives a first account of some selected aspects of production and intelligibility of SSN in CCS. Possible deviance in manual parameters, in particular inter- and\\/or intra-subject variation in the use of handshape is investigated.

Sonja Erlenkamp; Kristian Emil Kristoffersen

2010-01-01

487

Roentgen signs in diagnostic imaging. Second edition  

SciTech Connect

This book contains 13 chapters. Some of the titles are: Radiology of the diaphragm, pleura, thoracic cage, and upper air passages; Radiology of the breasts; Radiology of nodular lesions of the lung parenchyma; Roentgen signs of abnormalities in the lung: and overview; and Special examination of the larynx.

Meschan, I. Farrer-Meschan, R.M. (Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (USA))

1987-01-01

488

Looking for Signs of Alzheimer's Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the correlates of symptom-seeking behavior for Alzheimer's disease (AD) among middle-aged persons. Symptom seeking, the tendency to search for signs of disease, is one manifestation of an individual's concern about developing AD. The data were obtained from a survey of two subsamples of 40-60 year old adults: 1) 108 adult…

Hodgson, Lynne Gershenson; Cutler, Stephen J.

2003-01-01

489

Three Utilities for the Equal Sign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compare the activity of young children using a microworld and a JavaScript relational calculator with the literature on children using traditional calculators. We describe how the children constructed different meanings for the equal sign in each setting. It appears that the nature of the meaning constructed is highly dependent on specificities…

Jones, Ian; Pratt, Dave

2005-01-01

490

First Fracture May Be Warning Sign  

MedlinePLUS

... Copyright 2007 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons First Fracture May Be a Warning Sign A fracture can be more than a just a broken ... low bone density have a higher risk for fracture and refracture. Osteoporosis is a contributing factor in ...

491

Policy Search via the Signed Derivative  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider policy search for reinforcement learn- ing: learning policy parameters, for some fixed policy class, that optimize performance of a system. In this paper, we propose a novel policy gradient method based on an approximation we call the Signed Derivative; the approximation is based on the intuition that it is often very easy to guess the direction in which

J. Zico Kolter; Andrew Y. Ng

492

[Morphological sign of cardiac ventricle fibrillation].  

PubMed

An early sign of cardiac ventricle fibrillation is described: numerous surface cracks in the myocardial fibers. The formation of cracks is the initial stage of myocardial fiber fragmentation. The cracks are detected by polarization microscopy in the absence of fragmentation or in myocardial sites without focal fragmentation. PMID:10638264

Kapustin, A V

493

Inverses of Infinite Sign Regular Matrices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Let A be an infinite sign regular (SR) matrix which can be viewed as a bounded linear operator from L sub infinity to itself. It is proved here that if the range of A contains the sequence (...,1,-1,1,-1,...), then A is onto. If (inverse of A) exists then...

C. de Boor S. Friedland A. Pinkus

1980-01-01

494

Conceptual Representation of Actions in Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The idea that knowledge of events entails a universal spatial component, that is conceiving agents left of patients, was put to test by investigating native users of German sign language and native users of spoken German. Participants heard or saw event descriptions and had to illustrate the meaning of these events by means of drawing or…

Dobel, Christian; Enriquez-Geppert, Stefanie; Hummert, Marja; Zwitserlood, Pienie; Bolte, Jens

2011-01-01

495

A new cutaneous sign of mercury poisoning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic mercury poisoning is becoming a health concern because of extensive pollution of water and fish, and the increasing consumption of fish in the human diet. Mercury is extremely toxic to the body, especially the central nervous system, but diagnosis is difficult because of the lack of specific signs. A total of 11 patients were observed to have a nonpruritic

Paul I. Dantzig

2003-01-01

496

Automatic Audio Signing Literature Survey Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A literature survey was undertaken to identify all the various audio signing concepts which may have been investigated, under development, or already in use, A total of 13 systems are identified. Three of these are similar but not related to the automatic...

H. Nelson H. Bluethenthal

1981-01-01

497

Kinship Terms in Argentine Sign Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts the kinship terminology of Argentine Sign Language (LSA) with standard Spanish kinship terminology employed by nondeaf members in Argentine society. The combination of male and female terms and the frequency of reciprocal terms in LSA demonstrates that Argentine deaf society is culturally distinct in important ways from mainstream…

Massone, Maria Ignacia; Johnson, Robert E.

1991-01-01

498

Word Order in Russian Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper the results of an investigation of word order in Russian Sign Language (RSL) are presented. A small corpus of narratives based on comic strips by nine native signers was analyzed and a picture-description experiment (based on Volterra et al. 1984) was conducted with six native signers. The results are the following: the most…

Kimmelman, Vadim

2012-01-01

499

23 CFR 750.707 - Nonconforming signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...including a change of advertising message, is not a change which would terminate...and reerected in kind, exception...nonconforming outdoor advertising sign is terminated...reasonable period for change of message...highway for repair in front of the...

2009-04-01

500

23 CFR 750.707 - Nonconforming signs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...including a change of advertising message, is not a change which would terminate...and reerected in kind, exception...nonconforming outdoor advertising sign is terminated...reasonable period for change of message...highway for repair in front of the...

2010-04-01