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1

Job Characteristics and Voluntary Employee Turnover: Direct and Moderated Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine Hackman and Oldham's job characteristics model in predicting voluntary employee turnover. Using a sample of 120 production workers, the study provided some support for the model's most demanding assumption of a moderating effect of growth need strength on the job characteristics-turnover relationship. In addition, some direct associations were also found. The

Klaus-Helmut Schmidt; Burkard Daume

1993-01-01

2

Retail employee turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to the majority of studies relating to employee turnover reported in the marketing literature in general and retailing in particular, which have essentially been from the point of view of the organization selecting a person for a retail position, this study is an attempt to understand retail employee turnover from the perspective of an individual applicant selecting an

B. Ramaseshan

1997-01-01

3

Voluntary Turnover and Women Administrators in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A salient characteristic about the U.S. workforce is the continual process of voluntary employee turnover, which can be problematic for employers who invest a substantial amount of time and money in recruiting and training employees. This paper discusses the effects of workplace policies and practices on the voluntary turnover of women…

Jo, Victoria H.

2008-01-01

4

A conceptual and empirical analysis of the cognitive ability-voluntary turnover relationship.  

PubMed

Despite much research into cognitive ability as a selection tool and a separate large literature on the causes of voluntary turnover, little theoretical or empirical work connects the two. We propose that voluntary turnover is also a potentially key outcome of cognitive ability. Incorporating ideas from the person-environment fit literature and those regarding push and pull influences on turnover, we posit a theoretical connection between cognitive ability and voluntary turnover that addresses both why and how voluntary turnover is related to cognitive ability. Integrating data from 3 different sources, our empirical analyses support the theoretical perspective that the relationship between cognitive ability and voluntary turnover depends on the cognitive demands of the job. When the cognitive demands of a job are high, our findings support the hypothesized curvilinear relationship between cognitive ability and voluntary turnover, such that employees of higher and lower cognitive ability are more likely than medium cognitive ability employees to leave voluntarily. With regard to jobs with low cognitive demands, our data are more consistent with a negative linear relationship between cognitive ability and voluntary turnover, such that higher cognitive ability employees are less likely to leave voluntarily. We also examine the role of job satisfaction, finding that job satisfaction is more strongly linked to voluntary turnover in jobs with high cognitive demands. PMID:20718520

Maltarich, Mark A; Nyberg, Anthony J; Reilly, Greg

2010-11-01

5

The effects of autonomy and empowerment on employee turnover: test of a multilevel model in teams.  

PubMed

Extending research on voluntary turnover in the team setting, this study adopts a multilevel self-determination theoretical approach to examine the unique roles of individual and social-contextual motivational precursors, autonomy orientation and autonomy support, in reducing team member voluntary turnover. Analysis of multilevel time-lagged data collected from 817 employees on 115 teams indicates that psychological empowerment mediates the main effect of autonomy orientation and the interactive effect of autonomy support and its differentiation on a team member's voluntary turnover. The findings have meaningful implications for the turnover and self-determination literatures as well as for managers who endeavor to prevent voluntary turnover in teams. PMID:21744939

Liu, Dong; Zhang, Shu; Wang, Lei; Lee, Thomas W

2011-11-01

6

Employees as Customers: Exploring Service Climate, Employee Patronage, and Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of retail employees as customers was explored by quantitatively examining the influence of service climate and employee patronage on employee turnover intentions. Employees representing all shifts in two stores of a national retailer participated. Results indicated that employee patronage partially mediates the effects of service climate…

Abston, Kristie A.; Kupritz, Virginia W.

2011-01-01

7

Employee Turnover: Individual and Organizational Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Drawing on both the psychological and economic literatures and methodologies, the conceptual basis for modeling aggregate employee turnover in an organization is presented. The objective is to develop an analytic framework that will be useful at the polic...

B. D. Baysinger W. H. Mobley

1982-01-01

8

Dynamic Aspects of Voluntary Turnover: An Integrated Approach to Curvilinearity in the Performance-Turnover Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research pertaining to job performance and voluntary turnover has been guided by 2 distinct theoretical perspectives. First, the push-pull model proposes that there is a quadratic or curvilinear relationship existing between these 2 variables. Second, the unfolding model of turnover posits that turnover is a dynamic process and that a…

Becker, William J.; Cropanzano, Russell

2011-01-01

9

The Impact of Employee Voice and Compliance Mechanisms on Absenteeism, Discipline, and Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of employee voice and compliance mechanisms on voluntary turnover and other workplace behaviors. Results from analysis of a unique, nationally representative sample of establishments in the telecommunications industry show that voice mechanisms in the form of unions and problem-solving groups are associated with significantly reduced quit rates and dismissal rates. In addition, voice mechanisms in

Alexander J. S. Colvin; Rosemary Batt; Jeffrey Keefe

2005-01-01

10

Work, Family and Career Considerations in Understanding Employee Turnover Intentions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An overview of the literature on employee turnover is presented. The review discusses, in turn, literatures related to work (organizational, job and task), organizational impact on career, and organizational impact on family, as correlates of turnover. Li...

B. Schneider H. P. Dachler

1978-01-01

11

Quality of working life: an antecedent to employee turnover intention.  

PubMed

Background: The purpose of this study was to measure the level of quality of work life (QWL) among hospital employees in Iran. Additionally, it aimed to identify the factors that are critical to employees' QWL. It also aimed to test a theoretical model of the relationship between employees' QWL and their intention to leave the organization. Methods: A survey study was conducted based on a sample of 608 hospital employees using a validated questionnaire. Face, content and construct validity were conducted on the survey instrument. Results: Hospital employees reported low QWL. Employees were least satisfied with pay, benefits, job promotion, and management support. The most important predictor of QWL was management support, followed by job proud, job security and job stress. An inverse relationship was found between employees QWL and their turnover intention. Conclusion: This study empirically examined the relationships between employees' QWL and their turnover intention. Managers can take appropriate actions to improve employees' QWL and subsequently reduce employees' turnover. PMID:24596835

Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad

2013-06-01

12

Addressing employee turnover and retention: keeping your valued performers.  

PubMed

Employee turnover and employee retention are inextricably linked; to control turnover is to enhance retention. Turnover is a relatively simple concept; however, considerable confusion often results when addressing turnover because of differences in how it is defined; that is, what is counted, how it is counted, and how the turnover rates are expressed. Turnover is also costly, although not enough attention is paid to its cost because so much of it is indirect and thus not readily visible. There are a variety of causes of turnover, some that can be corrected and some that cannot be avoided. Reducing or otherwise controlling turnover requires continuing management attention to its causes and constant recognition of what can and should be controlled and what cannot be controlled. Ongoing attention to turnover is an essential part of the department manager's role; every improvement in turnover is a direct improvement in retention, with eventual positive effects on the bottom line. PMID:21808181

McConnell, Charles R

2011-01-01

13

Voluntary Retirement and Organizational Turnover Intentions: The Differential Associations with Work and Non-Work Commitment Constructs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships of voluntary retirement and organizational turnover intentions to various commitment constructs in work\\u000a and non-work settings were examined using a sample of 345 employees near retirement age (mean age = 53.71). The results demonstrated\\u000a that work centrality and commitment to leisure activities were unique predictors of retirement intentions, while affective\\u000a organizational commitment predicted turnover intentions but not retirement. Occupational commitment

Joseph A. Schmidt; Kibeom Lee

2008-01-01

14

Unit-level voluntary turnover rates and customer service quality: implications of group cohesiveness, newcomer concentration, and size.  

PubMed

Despite substantial growth in the service industry and emerging work on turnover consequences, little research examines how unit-level turnover rates affect essential customer-related outcomes. The authors propose an operational disruption framework to explain why voluntary turnover impairs customers' service quality perceptions. On the basis of a sample of 75 work units and data from 5,631 employee surveys, 59,602 customer surveys, and organizational records, results indicate that unit-level voluntary turnover rates are negatively related to service quality perceptions. The authors also examine potential boundary conditions related to the disruption framework. Of 3 moderators studied (group cohesiveness, group size, and newcomer concentration), results show that turnover's negative effects on service quality are more pronounced in larger units and in those with a greater concentration of newcomers. PMID:19594245

Hausknecht, John P; Trevor, Charlie O; Howard, Michael J

2009-07-01

15

Review and conceptual analysis of the employee turnover process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on employee turnover since L. W. Porter and R. M. Steers's analysis of the literature reveals that age, tenure, overall satisfaction, job content, intentions to remain on the job, and commitment are consistently and negatively related to turnover. Generally, however, less than 20% of the variance in turnover is explained. Lack of a clear conceptual model, failure to consider

William H. Mobley; Rodger W. Griffeth; Herbert H. Hand; B. M. Meglino

1979-01-01

16

Job Attachment, Satisfaction, and Turnover Among Public Sector Employees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study sought to: (1) Compare the relative predictive powers of job attachment and job satisfaction with respect to turnover among a sample of public employees; and (2) Compare the relative influences on both attitudes of individual and job characteri...

J. L. Koch R. M. Steers

1976-01-01

17

Enhancing Employee Voice: Are Voluntary Employer–Employee Partnerships Enough?  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the essential ethical issues in the employment relationship is the loss of employee voice. Many of the ways employees\\u000a have previously exercised voice in the employment relationship have been rendered less effective by (1) the changing nature\\u000a of work, (2) employer preferences for flexibility that often work to the disadvantage of employees, and (3) changes in public\\u000a policy

Harry J. Van Buren; Michelle Greenwood

2008-01-01

18

Antecedents to Temporary Employee's Turnover Intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an exploratory study using temporary workers, a model based on social exchange and social identity theories was developed and tested. Results revealed that, for both the temporary employee attitudes toward the client organization and the temporary employee attitudes toward the temporary agency, there was a positive association between job satisfaction and organization commitment and negative associations between job satisfaction

Jeffrey P. Slattery; T. T. Rajan Selvarajan

2005-01-01

19

Employee Development and Turnover Intention: Theory Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to examine the pattern of behavior of turnover intentions in developing countries "vis-a-vis" the one in advanced countries through the empirical data from public universities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study provides empirical evidence from academia in Pakistan, thereby enriching the understanding of…

Rahman, Wali; Nas, Zekeriya

2013-01-01

20

Some Determinants of Employee Turnover in a Psychiatric Facility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used research from illness-prevention and job-enrichment approaches to enhancing quality of work environments to create instruments assessing number of job stressors and level of task interest on psychiatric hospital units. Instruments successfully predicted employee turnover during one year. Job stress and interaction between job stress and task…

Zautra, Alex J.; And Others

1987-01-01

21

Level and Time Effects of Recruitment Sources on Early Voluntary Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

To better understand the effects of recruitment source on the level and timing of organizational departure, a turnover model incorporating dynamic predictors was examined. A large, longitudinal sample containing both stayers and leavers was analyzed with parametric survival models. Results indicate that the turnover hazard function for individuals recruited through personal recruitment sources was lower early in an employee’s tenure

Ingo Weller; Brooks C. Holtom; Wenzel Matiaske; Thomas Mellewigt

2009-01-01

22

The Effects of Autonomy and Empowerment on Employee Turnover: Test of a Multilevel Model in Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extending research on voluntary turnover in the team setting, this study adopts a multilevel self-determination theoretical approach to examine the unique roles of individual and social-contextual motivational precursors, autonomy orientation and autonomy support, in reducing team member voluntary turnover. Analysis of multilevel time-lagged data…

Liu, Dong; Zhang, Shu; Wang, Lei; Lee, Thomas W.

2011-01-01

23

Level and time effects of recruitment sources on early voluntary turnover.  

PubMed

To better understand the effects of recruitment source on the level and timing of organizational departure, a turnover model incorporating dynamic predictors was examined. A large, longitudinal sample containing both stayers and leavers was analyzed with parametric survival models. Results indicate that the turnover hazard function for individuals recruited through personal recruitment sources was lower early in an employee's tenure than for individuals recruited through formal sources. Moreover, the peak of the turnover hazard was delayed significantly for such employees. However, the turnover rate differential due to the use of personal recruitment methods clearly diminished as tenure increased. Further, the recruitment source effect on the turnover hazard was partially mediated by job satisfaction. The pattern of results observed expands understanding of the unfolding model of turnover. PMID:19702362

Weller, Ingo; Holtom, Brooks C; Matiaske, Wenzel; Mellewigt, Thomas

2009-09-01

24

The effect of the social organization of work on the voluntary turnover rate of hospital nurses in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of current concerns over nursing shortages and productivity, voluntary turnover among hospital nurses in the United States has assumed renewed importance as a managerial issue. This study examines the thesis that the social organization of work in hospitals is an important determinant of the voluntary turnover rate among registered nurses. This perspective differs from previous work in this

Joan R. Bloom; Jeffrey A. Alexander; Beverly A. Nichols

1992-01-01

25

Intraorganizational Career Advancement and Voluntary Turnover in a Multinational Bank in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to investigate how various aspects of intraorganizational career advancement--current career attainments, recent pace of upward mobility, and future prospect of career advancement--affect voluntary turnover, drawing empirical evidence from a multinational corporation (MNC) in Taiwan's cultural and labor market environment.…

Zhao, Wei; Zhou, Xueguang

2008-01-01

26

Toward a Theoretical Model of Employee Turnover: A Human Resource Development Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sets forth the Organizational Model of Employee Persistence, influenced by traditional turnover models and a student attrition model. The model was developed to clarify the impact of organizational practices on employee turnover from a human resource development (HRD) perspective and provide a theoretical foundation for research on…

Peterson, Shari L.

2004-01-01

27

The effect of work-life balance policies on women employees turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we explore the relationship between work-life balance policies and three outcomes of interest to employers and employees: the job tenure of women employees, turnover rate of women employees and retention rate of new women graduates. In the cross sectional analysis, we find that firms with work-life balance policies such as the full amount of maternity pay practice

Chiang Hui-Yu; Noriaki Mamiko Takeuchi

2008-01-01

28

Using job embeddedness factors to explain voluntary turnover in four European countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aging of the European workforce coupled with existing deficits of skilled workers in vital sectors (e.g., information and communication technology) make the attraction and retention of skilled workers a critical strategic human resource management issue. The large-scale, multi-country study reported in this article investigates the causes of voluntary turnover. The study is based on a large European dataset that

Cem Tanova; Brooks C. Holtom

2008-01-01

29

Employee voice and employee retention.  

PubMed

This study investigates the relationship between the extent to which employees have opportunities to voice dissatisfaction and voluntary turnover in 111 short-term, general care hospitals. Results show that, whether or not a union is present, high numbers of mechanisms for employee voice are associated with high retention rates. Implications for theory and research as well as management practice are discussed. PMID:10278801

Spencer, D G

1986-09-01

30

The Consequences of Employee Commitment, Turnover, and Absenteeism: An Exploratory Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Previous research on employee attachment to organizations has been more concerned with identifying the antecedents of commitment, turnover, and absenteeism than in understanding their consequences in organizations. As a result, we do not as yet have a com...

R. T. Mowday R. M. Steers L. W. Porter

1981-01-01

31

A Study on the Employee Turnover Antecedents in ITES/BPO Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at testing a conceptual model connecting variables of the internal and external work environment to ITES/BPO employee turnover. Based on the gaps identified from the literature that no single model explains in a comprehensive way as to why, people choose to leave and the lack of turnover studies on call centers located in India.…

Sree Rekha, K. R.; Kamalanabhan, T. J.

2010-01-01

32

Comparing the Effects of Determinants of Turnover Intentions between Taiwanese and U.S. Hospital Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research assesses how the direct effects of career satisfaction and job satisfaction on turnover intentions and the indirect effects through organizational commitment differ between Taiwanese and U.S. hospital employees. Using data collected from 179 Taiwanese and 144 U.S. hospital employees, the test results find the following differences:…

Ding, Cherng G.; Lin, Chieh-Peng

2006-01-01

33

Job and organizational determinants of nursing home employee commitment, job satisfaction and intent to turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine whether job characteristics, the work environment, participation in quality improvement activities and facility quality improvement environment predicted employee commitment and job satisfaction in nursing homes, and whether those same predictors and commitment and satisfaction predicted turnover intention. A total of 6584 nursing home employees from 76 nursing homes in a midwestern state

B. Karsh; B. C. Booske; F. Sainfort

2005-01-01

34

Exploring turnover intentions among three professional groups of employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although considerable research effort has been devoted to understanding work attitudes, behaviours and outcomes regarding turnover intentions, little has been done to explore it across different professions. This study takes a step in this direction and examines the effect of affective commitment, job satisfaction and job performance on turnover intentions across three professions. To this end, we surveyed three professional

Abraham Carmeli; Jacob Weisberg

2006-01-01

35

The Impact of Flexible Scheduling on Employee Attendance and Turnover.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementation of an experimental flexible scheduling program was basis for a naturally occurring field experiment. Results of a six-year assessment indicate significant reductions in employee absenteeism in a large subunit of a public utility company after the flexible scheduling intervention for the experimental group. No such changes were…

Dalton, Dan R.; Mesch, Debra J.

1990-01-01

36

The Impact of Employee Engagement Factors and Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current literature review examined a proposed relationship between the antecedent-employee engagement factors--and the outcome variable turnover intent mediated by job satisfaction. Kahn's Personal Engagement Theory, Equity Theory, and Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Job Satisfaction were used as the theoretical underpinnings for the review.…

Berry, Mary Lynn; Morris, Michael L.

2008-01-01

37

Chinese Employee's Turnover Intentions in Relation to Organizational Identification, Work Values, Job Satisfactions in Service Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated relationships between Chinese employee's turnover intentions and organizational identification (OI), work values and job satisfactions in a sample of 330 from 25 firms in service industry. All of subjects are distributed from service industries. The service firms include professional service firms and traditional service firms. The study aims to discuss mediating effect of job satisfaction, and moderating

Xueyan Wei; Long Hai

2007-01-01

38

A Meta-Analytical Structural Equations Analysis of a Model of Employee Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study combined meta-analysis with structural equations modeling (SEM) to validate Mobley, Horner, and Hollingsworth's (1978) turnover theory as well as alternative structural networks proposed by Dalessio, Silverman, and Schuck (1986), Hom, Griffeth, and Sellaro (1984), and Bannister and Griffeth (1986). We aggregated correlations from 17 studies (N = 5,013 employees), correcting for unreliability and sampling error. Then we

Peter W. Hom; Fanny Caranikas-Walker; Gregory E. Prussia; Rodger W. Griffeth

1992-01-01

39

A study of relationship between job stress, quality of working life and turnover intention among hospital employees.  

PubMed

Job stress is a serious threat to the quality of working life (QWL) of health-care employees and can cause hostility, aggression, absenteeism and turnover, as well as reduced productivity. In addition, job stress among employees affects the quality of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the relationships between job stress and QWL of employees, and their impact on turnover intention at Isfahan hospitals, Iran. The study employed a cross-sectional research design. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data from hospital employees. Overall, 26% of employees graded their job stress high. The major sources of stress were inadequate pay, inequality at work, too much work, staff shortage, lack of recognition and promotion prospects, time pressure, lack of job security and lack of management support. An inverse relationship was found between job stress and QWL among hospital employees. The most important predictor of QWL was disturbance handling, followed by job proud, job security and job stress. Finally, while QWL was negatively associated with turnover intentions, job stress was positively related to employees' intention to quit. Since job stress has a strong correlation with employee QWL and turnover intention, it is very important to apply the right human resources policies to increase employees' QWL and decrease subsequent turnover. This study invites further research to explore, implement and evaluate intervention strategies for prevention of occupational stress and improvement in QWL. PMID:22040944

Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad; Ferlie, Ewan; Rosenberg, Duska

2011-11-01

40

IT employee retention: employee expectations and workplace environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT employee retention is a serious problem facing many organizations. Building on person-environment fit theory and utilizing survey data drawn from 21 state government IT departments, in this paper we examine the relationship between voluntary turnover and various aspects of the working environments which IT employees perceive to be unique to their profession (i.e., a departmental disposition toward learning and

Myria W. Allen; Deborah J. Armstrong; Margaret F. Reid; Cynthia K. Riemenschneider

2009-01-01

41

Take this job and shove it: An exploratory study of turnover intent among jail staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of any organization usually rests on the shoulders of its employees. As such, voluntary personnel turnover presents administrative challenges that have substantial and far reaching effects. Understanding the factors that lead to staff turnover intentions can assist organizational leaders in possibly altering the work environment to address employee concerns. Among correctional organizations, the few studies that have been

Eric Lambert; Eugene A. Paoline III

2010-01-01

42

An Analysis of the Cause of Employee Turnover Intention in Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research constructs theoretical model of staff's turnover intention based on organization commitment and work stress. In this paper, 378 staffs in hotels in Yangtze River Delta cities are adopted as the trail samples. The result shows that career development and intercommunication tend to become the primary factor to influence staff turnover intention while organization commitment and work stress have

Wang Xiancheng; Jiaxing Zhejiang

2010-01-01

43

The implications of linking the dynamic performance and turnover literatures.  

PubMed

This article examines how the literatures of dynamic performance and the performance-turnover relationship inform each other. The nonrandom performance turnover relationship suggests that dynamic performance studies may be biased by their elimination of participants who do not remain for the entire study period. The authors demonstrated that the performance slopes of those who leave an organization differ from the performance slopes of those who remain. This finding suggests that studies of the performance-turnover relationship need to consider employee performance trends when predicting turnover. Replicating and extending the research of D. A. Harrison, M. Virick, and S. William (1996), the authors found that performance changes from the previous month and performance trends measured over a longer time period explained variance in voluntary turnover beyond current performance. Finally, the authors showed that performance trends interacted with current performance in the prediction of voluntary turnover. PMID:11519652

Sturman, M C; Trevor, C O

2001-08-01

44

Are you interested? A meta-analysis of relations between vocational interests and employee performance and turnover.  

PubMed

A common belief among researchers is that vocational interests have limited value for personnel selection. However, no comprehensive quantitative summaries of interests validity research have been conducted to substantiate claims for or against the use of interests. To help address this gap, we conducted a meta-analysis of relations between interests and employee performance and turnover using data from 74 studies and 141 independent samples. Overall validity estimates (corrected for measurement error in the criterion but not for range restriction) for single interest scales were .14 for job performance, .26 for training performance, -.19 for turnover intentions, and -.15 for actual turnover. Several factors appeared to moderate interest-criterion relations. For example, validity estimates were larger when interests were theoretically relevant to the work performed in the target job. The type of interest scale also moderated validity, such that corrected validities were larger for scales designed to assess interests relevant to a particular job or vocation (e.g., .23 for job performance) than for scales designed to assess a single, job-relevant realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, or conventional (i.e., RIASEC) interest (.10) or a basic interest (.11). Finally, validity estimates were largest when studies used multiple interests for prediction, either by using a single job or vocation focused scale (which tend to tap multiple interests) or by using a regression-weighted composite of several RIASEC or basic interest scales. Overall, the results suggest that vocational interests may hold more promise for predicting employee performance and turnover than researchers may have thought. PMID:21744941

Van Iddekinge, Chad H; Roth, Philip L; Putka, Dan J; Lanivich, Stephen E

2011-11-01

45

The Prediction of Employee Turnover in a Part-Time Military Organization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three approaches to the prediction of turnover were compared. Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and Fishbein's model predicted reenlistment intentions and reenlistment behaviors of 484 National Guardsmen with high accuracy. Moreover, Fishbein's...

P. W. Hom R. Katerberg C. L. Hulin

1978-01-01

46

Employee Voice and Private Sector Workplace Outcomes in Britain, 1980-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-union direct voice has replaced union representative voice as the primary avenue for employee voice in the British private sector. This paper provides a framework for examining the relationship between employee voice and workplace outcomes that explains this development. As exit-voice theory predicts, voice is associated with lower voluntary turnover, especially in the case of union voice. Union voice is

Alex Bryson; Rafael Gomez; Tobias Kretschmer; Paul Willman

2009-01-01

47

Predicting absenteeism and turnover intentions by past absenteeism and work attitudes : An empirical examination of female employees in long term nursing care facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of prior absenteeism, demographic variables, and work attitudes (job satisfaction, perceptions of health, and work commitments forms) on absenteeism and turnover intentions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study is a longitudinal survey. The questionnaire used established scales of the research instruments. The sample was composed of 119 female employees working

Aaron Cohen; Ronit Golan

2007-01-01

48

Relationship of Job Stress and Type-A Behavior to Employees' Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, Psychosomatic Health Problems, and Turnover Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship of job stress, job stressors, and Type-A behavior pattern with employees' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, psychosomatic health problems, and turnover motivation among full-time nurses (N = 215) working in a large Canadian hospital. Both job stress and stressors (role ambiguity, overload, conflict, and resource inadequacy) were significantly related to four outcome variables. Type-A behavior

Muhammad Jamal

1990-01-01

49

Causes and consequences of collective turnover: a meta-analytic review.  

PubMed

Given growing interest in collective turnover (i.e., employee turnover at unit and organizational levels), the authors propose an organizing framework for its antecedents and consequences and test it using meta-analysis. Based on analysis of 694 effect sizes drawn from 82 studies, results generally support expected relationships across the 6 categories of collective turnover antecedents, with somewhat stronger and more consistent results for 2 categories: human resource management inducements/investments and job embeddedness signals. Turnover was negatively related to numerous performance outcomes, more strongly so for proximal rather than distal outcomes. Several theoretically grounded moderators help to explain average effect-size heterogeneity for both antecedents and consequences of turnover. Relationships generally did not vary according to turnover type (e.g., total or voluntary), although the relative absence of collective-level involuntary turnover studies is noted and remains an important avenue for future research. PMID:23668597

Heavey, Angela L; Holwerda, Jacob A; Hausknecht, John P

2013-05-01

50

Modeling Turnover Intentions and Their Antecedents Using the Locus of Control as a Moderator: A Case of Customer Service Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychological model of organizational commitment (OC) has been extensively investigated in U.S. workers (Near, 1989), but less frequently applied in cross-personality studies. The investigation proposes a model of turnover intentions (TI) that uses locus of control (LOC) as a moderator. A causal model and a firm-specific sample were used to…

Chiu, Chou-Kang; Lin, Chieh-Peng; Tsai, Yuan Hui; Hsiao, Ching-Yun

2005-01-01

51

The role of supervisor autonomy support, organizational support, and autonomous and controlled motivation in predicting employees' satisfaction and turnover intentions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2008) as the guiding theoretical framework, the present study tested a model that incorporates workers' perceptions of organizational support and supervisor autonomy support, global and domain specific (i.e., work) motivation, work satisfaction, and turnover intentions. The hypothesized model was tested using a sample of 735 workers (362 men and 373 women). Results revealed that

Nicolas Gillet; Marylène Gagné; Séverine Sauvagère; Evelyne Fouquereau

2012-01-01

52

How serious of a problem is staff turnover in substance abuse treatment? A longitudinal study of actual turnover.  

PubMed

In the substance abuse treatment field, the annual turnover rate is cited as being anywhere between 19% and 50% (J.A. Johnson & P.M. Roman, 2002; S.L. Gallon, R.M. Gabriel, J.R.W. Knudsen, 2003; H.K. Knudsen, J.A. Johnson, & P.M. Roman, 2003; A.T. McLellan, D. Carise, & H.D. Kleber, 2003). However, no research to date has evaluated these claims by tracking turnover longitudinally using organizational turnover data from substance abuse treatment centers. This research presents the results of a longitudinal study designed to systematically examine actual turnover among counselors and clinical supervisors. Twenty-seven geographically dispersed treatment organizations, serving a wide range of clients in the public and private sector, provided data for the study over a 2-year time span (2008-2009). The annual turnover rate was 33.2% for counselors and 23.4% for clinical supervisors. For both groups, the majority of turnover was voluntary (employee-initiated). Specific reasons for turnover were largely consistent across the two groups, with the most common reason being a new job or new opportunity. The findings are discussed in terms of the unique employment context of substance abuse treatment. Practical recommendations are also discussed to help stem the tide of turnover in the field of substance abuse treatment. PMID:20675097

Eby, Lillian T; Burk, Hannah; Maher, Charleen P

2010-10-01

53

Voluntary use of respirators.  

PubMed

Allowing voluntary use of respirators can provide workers with an added level of comfort and relief from nuisance levels of particulates, gases, or vapors. But misuse can result in illness or injury to the worker. Understanding and following OSHA's guidelines on voluntary use of respirators is one of the many ways you help provide a safe workplace and ensure your employees stay healthy. PMID:19927871

Feiner, Lynn

2009-11-01

54

The use of the psychological contract to explain turnover intentions in the hospitality industry: a research study on the impact of gender on the turnover intentions of highly educated employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this study is the psychological contract approach to the employment relationship within the hospitality industry with special reference to highly educated employees. The purpose was to research the differences in the psychological contract and its relation to the intention to leave between highly-educated male and female employees. The research study conducted among this specific group worldwide provided

R. J. Blomme; A. van Rheede; D. M. Tromp

2010-01-01

55

Job satisfaction and turnover in the Chinese retail industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate employee turnover in a leading Chinese retail organisation, where high turnover rates are recognised as being a major issue for human resource strategy. The study seeks to focus on the job satisfaction-turnover relationship, examining how this is moderated by occupation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review on employee job satisfaction and

2009-01-01

56

A turnover model for the Mexican maquiladoras  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing turnover models have been developed and tested almost exclusively in Anglo cultures. Thus, there is reason to question whether these models apply to workers elsewhere. We addressed this question using as participants 47 Mexican maquiladora workers. Through interview responses analyzed using a variation of grounded theory-building, we inductively created a model of voluntary turnover with research propositions. We then

Carl P. Maertz; Michael J. Stevens; Michael A. Campionc

2003-01-01

57

Does Public Service Motivation really make a difference on the job satisfaction and turnover intention of U.S. Federal Senior Professional Employees?  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. Federal Senior Level & Scientific or Professional Employees (SL\\/ST) play crucial roles in the operation of federal government, thus it is necessary to study this group of employees and the corresponding managerial system in order to promote their work performance and creativity. This study seeks to find out the effects of Public Service Motivation (PSM) on SL\\/ST's job satisfaction

Pan Na; Zhu Li-yan

2010-01-01

58

Manager's guide to reducing dental hygiene turnover.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to address the issue of dental hygiene turnover and provide managers with strategies for preventing and reducing turnover. Employee turnover is a problem which affects dental health care delivery and the health of the public. Employee turnover is costly to work settings and creates a stressful working environment which has an impact on professional-client relationships. To reduce or prevent turnover in a private practice setting, office managers must be informed about the causes and effects of this problem and be able to implement solutions. Some strategies managers can use to reduce turnover are hiring employees who have the same goals as the organization; improving the working climate; rewarding longevity; encouraging the active participation of all staff members in office management; improving office communication; and providing opportunities for self-growth, recognition, and greater responsibilities. PMID:2637341

Loiacono, C

1989-09-01

59

Voluntary euthanasia.  

PubMed

Brewin comments upon James Rachels' The End of Life (Oxford University Press; 1986) and Voluntary Euthanasia (Peter Owen; 1986), a compilation edited by A.B. Downing and B. Smoker that is an expanded version of a 1969 work by Britain's Voluntary Euthanasia Society. Rachels maintains that it is illogical to distinguish between active and passive euthanasia. In Voluntary Euthanasia, 17 contributors argue the pros and cons of the issue. The Voluntary Euthanasia Society proposes that mentally competent persons be allowed by law to request euthanasia, either when taken ill or by advance directive. Brewin says he is almost but not quite convinced by the arguments for legalized voluntary euthanasia. He is concerned about the "slippery slope," the uncertainties of prognosis and quality of life judgments, the pressures to which the terminally ill or aged might be subjected, and the potentially negative impact of euthanasia on the physician patient relationship. PMID:11644495

Brewin, Thurstan B

1986-05-10

60

The Effect of Management Commitment to Service Quality on Frontline Employees' Job Attitudes, Turnover Intentions and Service Recovery Performance in a New Public Management Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present and test a model of behavioural job outcomes grounded in Bagozzi's (1992) reformulation of attitude theory in the important and novel context of a former public sector government department that has undergone corporatisation. Frontline employees (FLEs) completed a self?administered questionnaire on how factors characterising management commitment to service quality (MCSQ) affect their job satisfaction and organisational commitment, and

Nicholas J. Ashill; Michel Rod; Janet Carruthers

2008-01-01

61

Turnover: strategies for staff retention.  

PubMed

This discussion has focused on a number of areas where organizations may find opportunities for more effectively managing employee retention. Given the multitude of causes and consequences, there is no one quick fix. Effective management of employee retention requires assessment of the entire human resources process, that is, recruitment, selection, job design, compensation, supervision, work conditions, etc. Regular and systematic diagnosis of turnover and implementation of multiple strategies and evaluation are needed (Mobley, 1982). PMID:10106673

SnowAntle, S

1990-01-01

62

Fulfilling obligations: why Chinese employees stay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on a longitudinal study examining how employer and employee psychological contract (PC) fulfilment influences employee turnover. The boundary conditional role of Chinese traditional values on the influence process is also examined. Results show that traditional employees are more likely to leave their employers when they fail to fulfil their PCs than less traditional employees. On the other

Jun Liu; Chun Hui; Cynthia Lee; Zhen Xiong Chen

2012-01-01

63

Fulfilling obligations: why Chinese employees stay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on a longitudinal study examining how employer and employee psychological contract (PC) fulfilment influences employee turnover. The boundary conditional role of Chinese traditional values on the influence process is also examined. Results show that traditional employees are more likely to leave their employers when they fail to fulfil their PCs than less traditional employees. On the other

Jun Liu; Chun Hui; Cynthia Lee; Zhen Xiong Chen

2011-01-01

64

The importance of work conditions and health for voluntary job mobility: a two-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Changing jobs is part of modern working life. Within occupational health, job mobility has mainly been studied in terms of employees’ intentions to leave their jobs. In contrast to actual turnover, turnover intentions are not definite and only reflect the probability that an individual will change job. The aim of this study was to determine what work conditions predict voluntary job mobility and to examine if good health or burnout predicts voluntary job mobility. Methods The study was based on questionnaire data from 792 civil servants. The data were analysed using logistic regressions. Results Low variety and high autonomy were associated with increased voluntary job mobility. However, the associations between health and voluntary job mobility did not reach significance. Possible explanations for the null results may be that the population was homogeneous, and that the instruments for measuring global health are too coarse for a healthy, working population. Conclusions Voluntary job mobility may be predicted by high autonomy and low variety. The former may reflect that individuals with high autonomy have stronger career development motives; the latter may reflect the fact that low variety leads to job dissatisfaction. In contrast to our results on job content, global health measurements are not strong predictors of voluntary job mobility. This may be because good health affects job mobility through several offsetting channels, involving the resources and ability to seek a new job. Future work should use more detailed measurements of health or examine other work settings so that we may learn more about which of the offsetting effects of health dominate in different contexts.

2012-01-01

65

Further Clarifying Proximal Withdrawal States and the Turnover Criterion Space: Comment on Hom, Mitchell, Lee, and Griffeth (2012)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Reviewing Employee Turnover: Focusing on Proximal Withdrawal States and an Expanded Criterion," Hom, Mitchell, Lee, and Griffeth (2012) brought together many of the most important content and process factors in the employee turnover literature. In this paper, I attempt to clarify the true contributions of this framework for the turnover area…

Maertz, Carl P., Jr.

2012-01-01

66

The Influence of Job Scope on the Personality - Turnover Relationship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examined the influence of job scope on the relationship between selected personality characteristics of employees and turnover. Individuals employed as machine operators (low scope jobs) and scientific and technical personnel (high scope jobs) ...

R. M. Steers R. T. Mowday E. F. Stone L. W. Porter

1976-01-01

67

The Measurement and Antecedents of Turnover Intentions among IT Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to present and test an integrated model of turnover intentions that addresses the unique nature of the IT profession. We identified a multidimensional set of HR practices likely to increase retention among IT employees and considered citizenship behaviors as well as two distinct types of organizational commitment as key antecedents of turnover intentions. A

Guy Paré; Michel Tremblay

2000-01-01

68

Staff Retention and Turnover in a Residential Treatment Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Staff retention is a major problem facing residential treatment programs serving referred children and adolescents. High rates of staff turnover undermine the educational and therapeutic mission of residential treatment. Variables associated with residential staff job retention and turnover were investigated in a sample of 402 employees from a single residential treatment center. Over a 3.5 year interval the rate of

Daniel F. Connor; E. K. McIntyre; Kevin Miller; Cathy Brown; Hanya Bluestone; Donna Daunais; Suzanne LeBeau

2003-01-01

69

Staff turnover in the NHS: a preliminary economic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on evidence collected from 8 Regional Health Authorities and 47 District Health Authorities, this pilot study explores the level, causes and costs of staff turnover in the NHS. It finds: 1. Previous research has ignored turnover costs and neglected staff groups other than nurses. 2. One in four non-medical employees leave their job each year. 3. A lower proportion

Alastair Gray; Charles Normand; Elizabeth Currie

1988-01-01

70

Economic Literacy among Corporate Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a telephone survey of employees (n=1001) of large corporations (n=7) conducted for the Business Roundtable. Embeds 20 questions keyed to the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics to measure economic literacy. Finds that economic literacy was associated with education level, courses in economics, high income, and…

Wood, William C.; Doyle, Joanne M.

2002-01-01

71

Economic Literacy Among Corporate Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the results of a telephone survey of 1,001 employees of seven large corporations conducted for the Business Roundtable as part of its public policy program. A set of 20 questions keyed to the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics was embedded in the survey. A measure of economic literacy was constructed from the survey results. Greater

William C. Wood; Joanne M. Doyle

2002-01-01

72

Costing Child Protective Services Staff Turnover.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details process of determining a child welfare agency's actual dollar costs directly attributed to protective services staff turnover, using the agency's human resources database and interviews with administrative personnel. Provides formulas and process for calculating specific cost elements due to employee separation, replacement, and training.…

Graef, Michelle I.; Hill, Erick L.

2000-01-01

73

The effect of culture on the curvilinear relationship between performance and turnover.  

PubMed

Although researchers have theorized that there exists a curvilinear relationship between job performance and voluntary turnover, their research has been tested in the United States or culturally similar Switzerland. Through a study of the performance-turnover relationship from a multinational service-oriented organization in 24 countries, we demonstrate that the general relationship between performance and turnover is similar across countries but the details of that relationship change across countries. Using 4 cultural dimensions--in-group collectivism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and performance orientation--we find that cultural factors alter the overall probability of voluntary turnover and influence the degree of curvilinearity in the performance-turnover relationship. Our findings have implications for research on the performance-turnover relationship, turnover research, and practice. PMID:22023074

Sturman, Michael C; Shao, Lian; Katz, Jan H

2012-01-01

74

Using Job Involvement and Organizational Commitment Interactively to Predict Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently Blau and Boal (1987) have proposed a conceptual model describing how an interaction of job involvement and organizational commitment can be usefulfor predicting employee turnover and absenteeism. This study partially tested their conceptual model. The study sample consisted of 129field office employees from an insurance company. The results showed that an interaction ofjob involvement and organizational commitment accounted for

Gary Blau; Kimberly Boal

1989-01-01

75

Soft Skills Will Produce Hard Results Through Reduced Staff Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In the war for talent between Project Management Organisations (PMOs), it shall be those that successfully implement employer of choice best practices that retain their valued employees and reduce the costs of staff turnover which directly undermine the return on project investment. These costs are conservatively estimated at 25% of a departing employee's compensation amount, and potentially the equivalent

N. V. Watts

76

A Review of the Literature on Administrator Turnover: Why They Move on or Are Displaced.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employee turnover contributes to lost production, disrupts normal business practices, and is expensive. This literature review examines turnover of three administrator positions: the school superintendent, the executive director of nonprofit agencies, and the chief executive officer of for-profit corporations. The most cited reason for turnover of…

Shields, Bruce A.

77

Mentoring and turnover intentions in public accounting firms: A research note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turnover in public accounting firms is a critically important issue as firms seek to retain quality accounting personnel in the face of skilled labour shortages. Mentoring is one initiative that has been suggested as a means of reducing the high costs associated with employee turnover. However, prior accounting research examining the association between mentoring and turnover intentions has produced mixed

Matthew Hall; David Smith

2009-01-01

78

The longitudinal study of turnover and the cost of turnover in EMS  

PubMed Central

Purpose Few studies have examined employee turnover and associated costs in emergency medical services (EMS). The purpose of this study was to quantify the mean annual rate of turnover, total median cost of turnover, and median cost per termination in a diverse sample of EMS agencies. Methods A convenience sample of 40 EMS agencies was followed over a 6 month period. Internet, telephone, and on-site data collection methods were used to document terminations, new hires, open positions, and costs associated with turnover. The cost associated with turnover was calculated based on a modified version of the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology (NTCCM). The NTCCM identified direct and indirect costs through a series of questions that agency administrators answered monthly during the study period. A previously tested measure of turnover to calculate the mean annual rate of turnover was used. All calculations were weighted by the size of the EMS agency roster. The mean annual rate of turnover, total median cost of turnover, and median cost per termination were determined for 3 categories of agency staff mix: all paid staff, mix of paid and volunteer (mixed), and all-volunteer. Results The overall weighted mean annual rate of turnover was 10.7%. This rate varied slightly across agency staffing mix: (all-paid=10.2%, mixed=12.3%, all-volunteer=12.4%). Among agencies that experienced turnover (n=25), the weighted median cost of turnover was $71,613.75, which varied across agency staffing mix: (all-paid=$86,452.05, mixed=$9,766.65, and all-volunteer=$0). The weighted median cost per termination was $6,871.51 and varied across agency staffing mix: (all-paid=$7,161.38, mixed=$1,409.64, and all-volunteer=$0). Conclusions Annual rates of turnover and costs associated with turnover vary widely across types of EMS agencies. The study’s mean annual rate of turnover was lower than expected based on information appearing in the news media and EMS trade magazines. Findings provide estimates of two key workforce measures – turnover rates and costs – where previously none have existed. Local EMS directors and policymakers at all levels of government may find the results and study methodology useful towards designing and evaluating programs targeting the EMS workforce.

Patterson, P. Daniel; Jones, Cheryl B.; Hubble, Michael W.; Carr, Matthew; Weaver, Matthew D.; Engberg, John; Castle, Nicholas

2010-01-01

79

Incremental Voluntary Disclosure on Corporate Websites, Determinants and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyses the determinants and consequences of internet financial reporting (IFR). Our evidence indicates that firms use the internet to report complementary information on firm background, management forecasts, intangible assets and on social and environmental issues. Our results indicate that the decision to provide additional voluntary financial disclosures through corporate websites is mostly influenced by share turnover, the future

Samir Trabelsi; Réal Labelle; Pascal Dumontier

2008-01-01

80

The Impact of Job Satisfaction Affect on Turnover Intention: An Empirical Study Based on the Circumstances of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on social exchange theory and the principle of reciprocity, this paper discusses the relationships among employees' perceived organizational support (POS), job satisfaction, turnover intention and locus of control, and proposes a theoretical model that job satisfaction mediates the relationship between perceived organizations and turnover intention, and 384 employees were assessed as a sample of the empirical research. This paper

Qin Zhou

2009-01-01

81

Enhancing Precision in the Prediction of Voluntary Turnover and Retirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research examines the differential validity of the facets of organizational commitment and job embeddedness to predict who will reenlist or retire from a branch of the armed services. We tested hypotheses with survey data from 1839 enlisted personnel in the U.S. Air Force. For personnel facing the decision to reenlist or separate,…

Smith, Daryl R.; Holtom, Brooks C.; Mitchell, Terence R.

2011-01-01

82

Employee Compensation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of selected literature about employee compensation. Highlights include the foundations of reward and recognition systems, incentive plans, problems with merit pay, a historical perspective on performance pay, evaluation criteria and processes, self-rating, job motivation and satisfaction, employee attitudes, collective…

Osif, Bonnie A.; Harwood, Richard L.

1995-01-01

83

Group disability income: new policies emphasize employee appeal.  

PubMed

Group disability insurance is a voluntary benefit that offers advantages to both employers and employees. Employees who want this kind of coverage realize that their employers have done much of the homework for them in terms of comparing benefits, rates and contract provisions. Employers recognize an opportunity to add a benefit that may help attract and retain valuable employees with little additional cost or administrative burden. PMID:11272514

Yokota, C M

2001-03-01

84

Every employee an owner. Really.  

PubMed

Surveys indicate that when new rules on expensing stock options take effect, many companies are likely to limit the number of employees who can receive equity compensation. But companies that reserve equity for executives are bound to suffer in the long run. Study after study proves that broad-based ownership, when done right, leads to higher productivity, lower workforce turnover, better recruits, and bigger profits. "Done right" is the key. Here are the four most important factors in implementing a broad-based employee equity plan: A significant portion of the workforce--generally, most of the full-time people--must hold equity; employees must think the amounts they hold can significantly improve their financial prospects; managerial practices and policies must reinforce the plan; and employees must feel a true sense of company ownership. Those factors add up to an ownership culture in which employees' interests are aligned with the company's. The result is a workforce that is loyal, cooperative, and willing to go above and beyond to make the organization successful. A wide variety of companies have recorded exceptional business performance with the help of employee-ownership programs supported by management policies. The authors examine two: Science Applications International, a research and development contractor, and Scot Forge, which shapes metal and other materials for industrial machinery. At both companies, every employee with a year or so of service holds equity, and employees who stay on can accumulate a comfortable nest egg. Management's sharing of financial information reinforces workers' sense of ownership. So does the expectation that employees will accept the responsibilities of ownership. Workers with an ownership stake internalize their responsibilities and feel they have an obligation not only to management but to one another. PMID:15938443

Rosen, Corey; Case, John; Staubus, Martin

2005-06-01

85

Does Enhancing Work-Time Control and Flexibility Reduce Turnover? A Naturally Occurring Experiment  

PubMed Central

We investigate the turnover effects of an organizational innovation (ROWE—Results Only Work Environment) aimed at moving away from standard time practices to focus on results rather than time spent at work. To model rates of turnover, we draw on survey data from a sample of employees at a corporate headquarters (N = 775) and institutional records of turnover over eight months following the ROWE implementation. We find the odds of turnover are indeed lower for employees participating in the ROWE initiative, which offers employees greater work-time control and flexibility, and that this is the case regardless of employees’ gender, age, or family life stage. ROWE also moderates the turnover effects of organizational tenure and negative home-to-work spillover, physical symptoms, and job insecurity, with those in ROWE who report these situations generally less likely to leave the organization. Additionally, ROWE reduces turnover intentions among those remaining with the corporation. This research moves the “opting-out” argument from one of private troubles to an issue of greater employee work-time control and flexibility by showing that an organizational policy initiative can reduce turnover.

Moen, Phyllis; Kelly, Erin L.; Hill, Rachelle

2011-01-01

86

A study on psychological contract, job satisfaction and turnover intention in banking industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the critical role of employees' job satisfaction and psychological contract in turnover intention. The discussion arises primarily based on the considerable phenomenon arise in the post financial crisis era: the rising rate of turnover intention in the banking industry. There is little research has been done concerning the facts in the banking industry according to present literature.

Zhu Xiaoyan; Li Yanping

2010-01-01

87

Occupational stressors, turnover intention and the mediating influence of job satisfaction: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the relationship between occupational stressors and job satisfaction, and turnover intention among Chinese knowledge workers. A sample of 1670 employees was investigated by Occupational Stress Scale (OSS), Turnover Intention Scale (TIS) and Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS) in this research. The author obtained six dimensionalities of occupational stressors which were work overload, co-workers, physical conditions, role conflict\\/ambiguity,

Li Yuhui

2011-01-01

88

ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS OF SOUTH CAROLINA'S JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS, INSIGHT INTO THE TURNOVER EPIDEMIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employee turnover has long been a problematic issue in the field of corrections. In the past, research has attempted to identify causal factors to address the staff attrition issue, but has failed to complete the void of information regarding staff turnover among the juvenile correctional officers. The current study examines juvenile correctional staff's degree of job satisfaction and their retention

Jeffrey A. Tipton

2002-01-01

89

Strategies for improving employee retention.  

PubMed

This article proposes a solution to the perennial problem of talent retention in the clinical laboratory. It includes the presentation of 12 strategies that may be used to significantly improve institutional identity formation and establishment of the psychological contract that employees form with laboratory management. Identity formation and psychological contracting are deemed as essential in helping reduce employee turnover and increase retention. The 12 conversational strategies may be used as a set of best practices for all employees, but most importantly for new employees, and should be implemented at the critical moment when employees first join the laboratory. This time is referred to as "retention on-boarding"--the period of induction and laboratory orientation. Retention on-boarding involves a dialogue between employees and management that is focused on the psychological, practical, cultural, and political dimensions of the laboratory. It is placed in the context of the modern clinical laboratory, which is faced with employing and managing Generation X knowledge workers. Specific topics and broad content areas of those conversations are outlined. PMID:17394785

Verlander, Edward G; Evans, Martin R

2007-01-01

90

Employee Absenteeism: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on employee absenteeism as a form of withdrawal behavior apart from turnover. Studies examining the psychometric properties of absence measures are reviewed, along with the relationship between absenteeism and personal, attitudinal, and organizational variables. (Author)

Muchinsky, Paul M.

1977-01-01

91

Health insurance, cost expectations, and adverse job turnover.  

PubMed

Because less healthy employees value health insurance more than the healthy ones, when health insurance is newly offered job turnover rates for healthier employees decline less than turnover rates for the less healthy. We call this adverse job turnover, and it implies that a firm's expected health costs will increase when health insurance is first offered. Health insurance premiums may fail to adjust sufficiently fast because state regulations restrict annual premium changes, or insurers are reluctant to change premiums rapidly. Even with premiums set at the long run expected costs, some firms may be charged premiums higher than their current expected costs and choose not to offer insurance. High administrative costs at small firms exacerbate this dynamic selection problem. Using 1998-1999 MEDSTAT MarketScan and 1997 Employer Health Insurance Survey data, we find that expected employee health expenditures at firms that offer insurance have lower within-firm and higher between-firm variance than at firms that do not. Turnover rates are systematically higher in industries in which firms are less likely to offer insurance. Simulations of the offer decision capturing between-firm health-cost heterogeneity and expected turnover rates match the observed pattern across firm sizes well. PMID:20104505

Ellis, Randall P; Albert Ma, Ching-To

2011-01-01

92

Reducing Turnover in Public Accounting Firms: An Internal Marketing Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

If one considers that public accounting firms are involved in a labor-intensive service, dependent on staff members for their input, the seriousness of high employee turnover levels becomes evident. Thus, it is imperative that public accounting firms find a means to retain experienced accountants if they are to successfully service clients. This requires a change in philosophy for accounting firms.

Susan Lee Taylor; Robert M. Cosenza

1998-01-01

93

Understanding China's Post80 employees' work attitudes: an explorative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationships among job and career satisfactions, work commitment, and turnover intentions for the Post-80 employees in China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 290 of China's Post-80 employees from 19 knowledge-intensive companies were surveyed. Structural equation modeling was used for data analysis. Findings – The perceptions of selected Post-80 employees

Qinxuan Gu; Lihong Wang; Judy Y. Sun; Yanni Xu

2010-01-01

94

The Effects of Job Demands, Job Resources and Intrinsic Motivation on Emotional Exhaustion and Turnover Intentions: A Study in the Turkish Hotel Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops and tests a model which investigates the simultaneous effects of job demands, job resources, and a personal resource (intrinsic motivation) on emotional exhaustion and turnover intentions. Frontline hotel employees in Ankara, Turkey serve as the study setting. Among others, results show that job demands (role conflict and role ambiguity) trigger frontline employees' emotional exhaustion and turnover intentions.

Emin Babakus; Ugur Yavas; Osman M. Karatepe

2008-01-01

95

Employee recruitment.  

PubMed

The way an organization recruits can influence the type of employees it hires, how they perform, and their retention rate. This article provides a selective review of research that has addressed recruitment targeting, recruitment methods, the recruitment message, recruiters, the organizational site visit, the job offer, and the timing of recruitment actions. These and other topics (e.g., the job applicant's perspective) are discussed in terms of their potential influence on prehire (e.g., the quality of job applicants) and posthire (e.g., new employee retention) recruitment outcomes. In reviewing research, attention is given to the current state of scientific knowledge, limitations of previous research, and important issues meriting future investigation. PMID:23121331

Breaugh, James A

2013-01-01

96

Role of leadership in the employee withdrawal process  

Microsoft Academic Search

During a 1-yr period, 20 of 48 systems analysts and computer programmers of the information systems department of a large public utility terminated their employment. As hypothesized, leader–member exchange was an effective predictor of employee turnover. However, the overall style of a leader (i.e., average leadership style) was no more helpful than the base rate in predicting turnover. Implications for

George B. Graen; Robert C. Liden; William Hoel

1982-01-01

97

Employee training, incentives boost conservation programs  

SciTech Connect

Hotel energy managers are finding that a cooperative and trained staff is a major factor in the success of conservation projects. Some managers go beyond training to offer cash bonus and other incentives. Training must be continuous because of the high turnover in personnel. Most of the training is geared to increasing employee awareness of conservation basics, such as turning off lights, heat, and air conditioning. It is as important for employees to take a personal interest in the size of the utility bill as it is for them to understand the sophisticated control devices. (DCK)

Alejandro, C.

1982-10-04

98

78 FR 49382 - Voluntary Education Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...advice, and program management related to voluntary education programs have access to...information for the Voluntary Education Management Information System (VEMIS...programs for the Voluntary Education Management Information System...

2013-08-14

99

Understanding Voluntary Travel Behaviour Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the late 1990s, there have been examples of travel behaviour change programs using what are termed 'voluntary behaviour change methods' - primarily in Europe and Australia. At the same time, in the attempt to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in water, energy and waste, there has been a considerable amount of research and experience in household voluntary behaviour change methods

Elizabeth Ampt

2003-01-01

100

Operant Variability and Voluntary Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A behavior-based theory identified 2 characteristics of voluntary acts. The first, extensively explored in operant-conditioning experiments, is that voluntary responses produce the reinforcers that control them. This bidirectional relationship--in which reinforcer depends on response and response on reinforcer--demonstrates the functional nature…

Neuringer, Allen; Jensen, Greg

2010-01-01

101

Voluntary Sector Policy Research Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was concerned with defining the scope and specifying in some detail the range of policy-relevant research needed to provide the voluntary sector as a whole and specific kinds of voluntary organizations with knowledge and information that will ...

D. H. Smith F. Penna C. N. Orme

1974-01-01

102

Organizational Commitment for Knowledge Workers: The Roles of Perceived Organizational Learning Culture, Leader-Member Exchange Quality, and Turnover Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the impact of perceived organizational learning culture and leader-member exchange (LMX) quality on organizational commitment and eventually on employee turnover intention. Employees exhibited the highest organizational commitment when they perceived a higher learning culture and when they were supervised in a supportive…

Joo, Baek-Kyoo

2010-01-01

103

The Role of Pay Satisfaction in Instructor Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary employee turnover is a major factor affecting adventure education (AE) organizations (Garret, 2003). Voluntary turnover often is dysfunctional for both employees and organizations (Birmingham, 1989; Podsakoff, LePine, & LePine, 2007). Turnover can result in increased employee and organizational costs (e.g., McKinney, Bartlett, &…

Wilson, Jackson

2009-01-01

104

Substance Use Disorder Counselors' Job Performance and Turnover after 1 Year: Linear or Curvilinear Relationship?1  

PubMed Central

The main goals of the current study were to investigate whether there are linear or curvilinear relationships between substance use disorder counselors’ job performance and actual turnover after 1 year utilizing four indicators of job performance and three turnover statuses (voluntary, involuntary, and no turnover as the reference group). Using longitudinal data from 440 matched counselor-clinical supervisor dyads, results indicate that overall, counselors with lower job performance are more likely to turn over voluntarily and involuntarily than not to turn over. Further, one of the job performance measures shows a significant curvilinear effect. We conclude that the negative consequences often assumed to be “caused” by counselor turnover may be overstated because those who leave both voluntarily and involuntarily demonstrate generally lower performance than those who remain employed at their treatment program.

Laschober, Tanja C.; de Tormes Eby, Lillian Turner

2013-01-01

105

Employee empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment : An in-depth empirical investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between perceived empowerment practices and Chinese service employee service effort and turnover intention, also to examine the mediating role of employee job attitudes in this relationship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To test hypotheses about the relationships above, survey data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire from frontline service workers at

Sut I Wong Humborstad; Chad Perry

2011-01-01

106

Fairness perceptions of supervisor feedback, LMX, and employee well-being at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a field study we examined employees' fairness perceptions of supervisor feedback and their relationships with employee well-being (job depression, job anxiety, job satisfaction, turnover intentions) and perceived control at work. We hypothesized quality of leader – member exchange (LMX) to partially mediate these relationships. We measured the above constructs in two different industries at two separate times over an interval of

Jennifer L. Sparr; Sabine Sonnentag

2008-01-01

107

Integrating Turnover Reasons and Shocks with Turnover Decision Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We interviewed and classified 186 quitters from many jobs and organizations via a theoretically-based protocol into five decision process types. We then tested exploratory hypotheses comparing users of these types on their propensity to report certain turnover reasons and turnover shocks. "Impulsive-type quitters," with neither a job offer in hand…

Maertz, Carl P., Jr.; Kmitta, Kayla R.

2012-01-01

108

Employee engagement: an examination of antecedent and outcome variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

This correlational study (n = 283) examined the links between job fit, affective commitment, psychological climate, and employee engagement, and the dependent variables, discretionary effort, and intention to turnover. An Internet-based survey battery of six scales was administered to a heterogeneous sampling of organizations from service, technology, healthcare, retail, banking, nonprofit, and hospitality fields. Hypotheses were tested through correlational and hierarchical regression

Brad Shuck; Thomas G. Reio Jr; Tonette S. Rocco

2011-01-01

109

Overworked RNs, social workers cause high nursing assistant turnover in nursing homes.  

PubMed

Using benchmarking to stanch the loss of employees. Many nursing homes and long-term care facilities have a burdensome employee turnover rate, in some cases approaching 400% annually. A benchmarking study conducted by Southern University and the Louisiana State Nursing Home Association revealed that the factors widely believed to cause the problem--wages, benefits, and workload--are not to blame. Take a look at the results. PMID:10557961

1999-04-01

110

Managing Unsatisfactory Employee Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers supervisors a standard procedure for managing an employee's unsatisfactory job performance that gives the employee a second chance, yet protects the organization in the event of a termination. Discusses notifying the employee through a meeting and follow-up letter; performance improvement reviews; and employee, supervisor, and company…

Davies, Warnock; And Others

1997-01-01

111

Employee voice to supervisors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of two studies examining some factors that increase the likelihood that employees will voice to their supervisors. The way employees perceive that their supervisors manage employee voice was identified as a major cause of the likelihood that employees will voice upward. The Supervisor as Voice Manager Scale is presented along with data demonstrating its reliability

David M. Saunders; Blair H. Sheppard; Virginia Knight; Jonelle Roth

1992-01-01

112

Managers Empowering Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: This article looked at the behavior of organization s as an important factor for empowering employees. This allowed for a greater level of partnering between managers and employees. The more that top management wants an internal commitment from its employees, the more it must involve employees in defining work obj ectives, specifying how to achieve them and setting

J. D. Tony Carter

2009-01-01

113

Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Turnover  

PubMed Central

Mitochondrial biogenesis is a complex process involving the coordinated expression of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, the import of the products of the latter into the organelle and turnover. The mechanisms associated with these events have been intensively studied in the last twenty years and our understanding of their details is much improved. Mitochondrial biogenesis requires the participation of calcium signaling that activates a series of calcium dependent protein kinases that in turn activate transcription factors and coactivators such as PGC-1? that regulates the expression of genes coding for mitochondrial components. In addition, mitochondrial biogenesis involves the balance of mitochondrial fission-fusion. Mitochondrial malfunction or defects in any of the many pathways involved in mitochondrial biogenesis can lead to degenerative diseases and possibly play an important part in aging.

Diaz, Francisca; Moraes, Carlos T.

2011-01-01

114

Work-Family Climate, Organizational Commitment, and Turnover: Multilevel Contagion Effects of Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents empirical research analyzing the relationship between work-family climate (operationalized in terms of three work-family climate sub-scales), organizational leadership (i.e., senior manager) characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intent among 526 employees from 37 different hotels across the US. Using…

O'Neill, John W.; Harrison, Michelle M.; Cleveland, Jeannette; Almeida, David; Stawski, Robert; Crouter, Anne C.

2009-01-01

115

Exit and Voice: Turnover and Militancy Intentions in Elementary and Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Hirschman's conception of exit (turnover) and voice (militancy) as employee responses to objectionable working conditions, this article examines the degree to which teacher job satisfaction and stress symptomology and two hypothesized antecedents (role conflict and ambiguity) are likely to have the same effect on voicing and exiting…

Bacharach, Samuel B.; Bamberger, Peter

1990-01-01

116

THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON TURNOVER, PRODUCTIVITY, AND CORPORATE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study comprehensively evaluated the links between systems of High Performance Work Practices and firm performance. Results based on a national sample of nearly one thousand firms indicate that these practices have an economically and statistically significant im- pact on both intermediate employee outcomes (turnover and produc- tivity) and short- and long-term measures of corporate financial per- formance. Support for

MARK A. HUSELID

1995-01-01

117

Associations between perceived employability, employee well-being, and its contribution to organizational success: a matter of psychological contracts?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated interactions between perceived employability and employees' perceptions about psychological contract obligations made by the employer in relation to life and job satisfaction, self-rated performance, and turnover intention. We hypothesized that perceived employability relates positively to job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and self-rated performance and negatively to turnover intention under the condition of many promises. Conversely, perceived employability relates negatively

Nele De Cuyper; Beatrice I. J. M. Van der Heijden; Hans De Witte

2011-01-01

118

Genetic determinants of voluntary exercise.  

PubMed

Variation in voluntary exercise behavior is an important determinant of long-term human health. Increased physical activity is used as a preventative measure or therapeutic intervention for disease, and a sedentary lifestyle has generally been viewed as unhealthy. Predisposition to engage in voluntary activity is heritable and induces protective metabolic changes, but its complex genetic/genomic architecture has only recently begun to emerge. We first present a brief historical perspective and summary of the known benefits of voluntary exercise. Second, we describe human and mouse model studies using genomic and transcriptomic approaches to reveal the genetic architecture of exercise. Third, we discuss the merging of genomic information and physiological observations, revealing systems and networks that lead to a more complete mechanistic understanding of how exercise protects against disease pathogenesis. Finally, we explore potential regulation of physical activity through epigenetic mechanisms, including those that persist across multiple generations. PMID:23351966

Kelly, Scott A; Pomp, Daniel

2013-06-01

119

Work-family climate, organizational commitment, and turnover: Multilevel contagion effects of leaders.  

PubMed

This paper presents empirical research analyzing the relationship between work-family climate (operationalized in terms of three work-family climate sub-scales), organizational leadership (i.e., senior manager) characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intent among 526 employees from 37 different hotels across the US. Using multilevel modeling, we found significant associations between work-family climate, and both organizational commitment and turnover intent, both within and between hotels. Findings underscored the importance of managerial support for employee work-family balance, the relevance of senior managers' own work-family circumstances in relation to employees' work outcomes, and the existence of possible contagion effects of leaders in relation to work-family climate. PMID:19412351

O'Neill, John W; Harrison, Michelle M; Cleveland, Jeannette; Almeida, David; Stawski, Robert; Crouter, Anne C

2009-01-01

120

Theory of Employee Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the Theory of Employee Survival, which states that an applicant's initial attraction and selection into an organization, and an employee's retention and promotion within the organization are dependent on an authoritarianism congruence between the applicant and/or employee, and the employer. (Contains 1 figure.)

Natoli, Vincent J., Jr.

2004-01-01

121

Change and employee behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the relationship between perceived change implementation in an organization is related to employee self-rated behaviour. The change implementation processes measured were communication, support and participation. The relationship between these processes and employee behaviour was examined by testing a theoretical model, in which two mediating concepts are used: the psychological contract and employee job attitudes. The research was

René Schalk; Jennifer W. Campbell; Charissa Freese

1998-01-01

122

12 CFR 546.4 - Voluntary dissolution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Voluntary dissolution. 546.4 Section 546.4 Banks...MUTUAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-MERGER, DISSOLUTION, REORGANIZATION, AND CONVERSION § 546.4 Voluntary dissolution. A Federal savings...

2009-01-01

123

12 CFR 546.4 - Voluntary dissolution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary dissolution. 546.4 Section 546.4 Banks...MUTUAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-MERGER, DISSOLUTION, REORGANIZATION, AND CONVERSION § 546.4 Voluntary dissolution. A Federal savings...

2010-01-01

124

Organizational culture: does it affect employee and organizational outcomes?  

PubMed

This study determined the type of organizational culture (bureaucratic, innovative, or supportive), and determined the relationships among organizational commitment, and behavioural outcomes (turnover, absenteeism, and productivity) in hospital foodservice departments. The sample included 423 foodservice employees from nine hospitals in eastern Canada and nine hospitals in East Tennessee. Two research instruments were used for data collection. The historical data instrument, completed by the department director, obtained data to calculate productivity, turnover, and absenteeism rates. The four-part employee instrument included the 24-item Organizational Culture Index, the 15-item Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, five questions to determine perceptions of job satisfaction, and demographic items. Multiple linear regression analysis tested relationships among variables. The predominant culture was bureaucratic (14.9 +/- 4.3 of a possible 24). Means were lower for innovative (13.2 +/- 4.3) and supportive (12.7 +/- 5.0) cultures. Supportive and innovative cultures had positive relationships with both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Organizational culture was not related to turnover, absenteeism, or productivity. Mean productivity was 3.8 +/- 3.2 meals per labour hour, ranging from 0.8 to 15.1. Employees rated satisfaction with co-workers highest, and satisfaction with pay lowest. These findings will help hospital foodservice managers understand the relationship of culture to organizational and employee outcomes; changing culture may improve desired outcomes. PMID:10119752

Gilbert, N M; Sneed, J

1992-01-01

125

Voluntary Support of Education 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents results of the Voluntary Support of Education Survey (VSE), which is designed to obtain information about the private support of education. Specifically, the survey gathered data about the amounts, sources, donor-specified purposes, and forms of private gifts, grants, and bequests received by educational institutions for…

Council for Aid to Education, New York, NY.

126

Voluntary control of hypothalamic temperature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports 3 experiments in which 7 male Sprague-Dawley rats were given direct voluntary control of hypothalamic temperature by having their responses produce temperature changes in the water perfusing their hypothalamic thermodes. When heat stressed, Ss worked vigorously for hypothalamic cooling; brain cooling is thus a reward for a warm animal. Exp. II compared rates of responding for brain cooling and

John D. Corbit

1973-01-01

127

Voluntary standards for peace education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peace education is comprehensive. It encompasses instruction by all members of a school. These standards, which were recommended by researchers and practitioners from many areas of the world, prescribe comprehensive and simultaneous instruction with informal as well as formal curriculum. Although the voluntary standards are a response to neoliberal policies in the field of education, they were born of enduring

Candice C. Carter

2008-01-01

128

The impact of sexual harassment on job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and absenteeism: findings from Pakistan compared to the United States.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast how differences in perceptions of sexual harassment impact productive work environments for employees in Pakistan as compared to the US; in particular, how it affects job satisfaction, turnover, and/or absenteeism. This study analyzed employee responses in Pakistan (n?=?146) and the United States (n?=?102, 76) using questionnaire data. Significant results indicated that employees who were sexually harassed reported (a) a decrease in job satisfaction (b) greater turnover intentions and (c) a higher rate of absenteeism. Cross-cultural comparisons indicated that (a) Pakistani employees who were sexually harassed had greater job dissatisfaction and higher overall absenteeism than did their US counterparts and (b) Pakistani women were more likely to use indirect strategies to manage sexual harassment than were US targets. PMID:24851198

Merkin, Rebecca S; Shah, Muhammad Kamal

2014-01-01

129

Plasma acetate turnover and oxidation.  

PubMed Central

Plasma acetate turnover and oxidation were determined in 11 healthy subjects by the constant infusion of a trace amount of [1-14C]acetate for 6 h. The subjects ages ranged from 22 to 57 yr. There was a positive correlation (P less than 0.001) between plasma acetate concentration and turnover rate, and a negative correlation (P less than 0.001) between turnover and age. The plasma acetate concentration in the subjects 22--28 yr old was 0.17 vs. 0.13 mM (P less than 0.02) in subjects 40--57 yr old. The plasma acetate turnover rate was also greater in the younger age group (8.23 +/- 0.66 vs. 4.98 +/- 0.64 mumol/min . kg, P less than 0.01). Approximately 90% of the plasma acetate turnover was immediately oxidized to CO2 in both age groups, however, 13.2 +/- 0.89% of the CO2 output in the younger group was derived from plasma acetate oxidation compared to 7.9 +/- 0.94% in the older group (P less than 0.01). The mean plasma acetate concentration, turnover, and oxidation in six cancer patients 47--63 yr old were similar to the values observed in the age-matched healthy subjects. Uptake or output of acetate by various tissues was measured by arterial-venous plasma acetate concentration differences. In seven of eight subjects undergoing elective surgery, the arterial-portal venous concentration difference was negative, which indicated that the gastrointestinal tract can contribute to plasma acetate production. Uptake of plasma acetate by both the leg and liver appeared to be dictated by the arterial acetate concentration. Net production of acetate by both the leg and liver was most often observed at arterial plasma acetate concentrations less than 0.08 mM.

Skutches, C L; Holroyde, C P; Myers, R N; Paul, P; Reichard, G A

1979-01-01

130

Peer-to-Peer Computing in Health-Promoting Voluntary Organizations: A System Design Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large part of the health promotion in today's society is performed as peer-to-peer empowerment in voluntary organisations such as sports clubs, charities, and trade unions. In order to prevent work-related illness and long-term sickness absence, the aim of this study is to explore computer network services for empowerment of employees by peer-to-peer communication. The ‘technique trade-off’ method was used

Magnus Irestig; Niklas Hallberg; Henrik Eriksson; Toomas Timpka

2005-01-01

131

Turning on Turnover in Your Store.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improvement of turnover (the rate of merchandise activity in a store) can mean more sales and more profits for college stores. Some ways to improve merchandise turnover include improved store layout, merchandise mix, and purchasing techniques. (MLW)

Perry, Michael J.

1981-01-01

132

What Triggers Top Management Turnovers in China?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on management turnover in Chinese companies typically find that turnover decisions are associated with companies' accounting performance. Using a sample of Chinese company turnovers during 2000–2003, we disaggregate their net-earnings into core, recurring non-core, and other non-recurring components. Analyzing these earnings components, we show that turnover decisions for government firms are related negatively only to recurring earnings which consist

Peter Cheng; Jack Lin Li; Wilson H. S. Tong

2008-01-01

133

Measuring Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study the levels of staff turnover reported in the nursing home literature (1990-2003) are reviewed, as well as the definitions of turnover used in these prior studies. With the use of primary data collected from 354 facilities, the study addresses the various degrees of bias that result, depending on how staff turnover is defined…

Castle, Nicholas G.

2006-01-01

134

Estimating Teacher Turnover Costs: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High teacher turnover in large U.S. cities is a critical issue for schools and districts, and the students they serve; but surprisingly little work has been done to develop methodologies and standards that districts and schools can use to make reliable estimates of turnover costs. Even less is known about how to detect variations in turnover costs…

Levy, Abigail Jurist; Joy, Lois; Ellis, Pamela; Jablonski, Erica; Karelitz, Tzur M.

2012-01-01

135

Using Turnover as a Recruitment Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher turnover is notoriously high in the field of early childhood education with an estimated 33% of staff exiting the workplace each year. Turnover is costly. Not only do high levels of turnover negatively impact children's growth and development, it also erodes the program's economic stability and wherewithal to provide effective operations…

Duncan, Sandra

2009-01-01

136

Understanding Staff Perceptions of Turnover in Corrections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Correctional staff turnover is a critically important but under-researched topic, and studies are lacking of how staff perceive the problem. By using a descriptive survey method, this study examined such perceptions of turnover among a sample of correctional officers. Staff attributed turnover to insufficient pay and benefits as well as to key areas of the work environment, including interpersonal conflicts,

Kevin I. Minor; Cherie Dawson-Edwards; James B. Wells; Carl Griffith; Earl Angel

2009-01-01

137

A study of child care staff turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study grew out of the concern for the high level of child care turnover existing in group care facilities. The results indicate that demographic variables are far superior in predicting turnover than organizational factors. The demographic variable most closely associated with turnover is found to be age. Controlling for tenure revealed that during the first two years of employment,

Andrew L. Ross

1984-01-01

138

Measuring Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In this study the levels of staff turnover reported in the nursing home literature (1990-2003) are reviewed, as well as the definitions of turnover used in these prior studies. With the use of primary data collected from 354 facilities, the study addresses the various degrees of bias that result, depend- ing on how staff turnover is defined in nursing

Nicholas G. Castle

2006-01-01

139

How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and policymakers often assume that teacher turnover harms student achievement, though recent studies suggest this may not be the case. Using a unique identification strategy that employs school-by-grade level turnover and two classes of fixed-effects models, this study estimates the effects of teacher turnover on over 850,000 New York…

Ronfeldt, Matthew; Loeb, Susanna; Wyckoff, James

2013-01-01

140

Supervisor–Subordinate Guanxi and Employee Work Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we attempt to explain the divergent results found in the relationships between supervisor–subordinate guanxi\\u000a and employee work outcomes. Specifically, we propose that the relationships between supervisor–subordinate guanxi and participatory\\u000a management, turnover intentions, and organizational commitment are mediated by job satisfaction. Based on the data collected\\u000a from a sample of 196 employees of three local manufacturing firms in

Millissa F. Y. Cheung; Wei-Ping Wu; Allan K. K. Chan; May M. L. Wong

2009-01-01

141

Theme: Employee Ownership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Introduction" (Gordon); "Employee Ownership: Opportunities for Unions" (Blasi, Kruse); "Participation, Control, and Performance" (Rosen); Beyond the Contract: Taking on Ownership" (Mackin); "Worker Participation on Boards of Directors" (Hammer); and "Case Study of Employee Ownership and Governance in the Shipbuilding and Maritime…

Gordon, Michael E.; And Others

1991-01-01

142

Employee Family Care Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the full range of family care responsibilities, including care for children and for ill and disabled adults, among employees of a government-funded research center. Employees with childcare responsibilities were found to experience higher levels of caregiving strain and occupational impacts than those caring for adults alone. (Author/GCP)

Fredriksen, Karen I.; Scharlach, Andrew E.

1999-01-01

143

Employees with Sleep Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... episodes that occur daily. Individuals with hypersomnia often sleep 8 to 12 hours a night and have difficultly waking up (American ... every day due to amount and quality of sleep. The employer provided this employee with a half an hour flexible start time. Depending on when the employee ...

144

MSFC personnel management tasks: Recruitment and orientation of new employees  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to encourage highly motivated young students to learn about NASA and consider it for a career, a formal program is to be initiated whereby selected students can work on a voluntary basis at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The first task was to develop the working plan and procedures for this program, called Student Volunteer Service Program, in the writing of MSFC official guidelines, the Marshall Management Instruction (the MMI) which is a binding document that defines policy and establishes procedures and guidelines. Particular considerations written into the MMI after numerous consultations, interviews, and discussions about a satisfactory policy, include: arrangements to be made between the student, the school authorities, and concerned MSFC employees; management of the work assignments; and procedures for the student's welfare and safety. The second task was the development of a recruitment brochure for the attraction of new employees, especially scientists and engineers. The third task assigned was to develop a plan called Orientation of New Employees.

Brindley, T. A.

1980-01-01

145

Rethinking the use of personal history information: The value of theory-based biodata for predicting turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues the case for the use of theoretically-grounded biodata information as valid predictors of employee behavior and outlines a procedure for the use of biodata variables with relatively small samples. The usefulness of this approach was demonstrated in a study assessing the ability of theory-based biodata items to predict the turnover of bank tellers. The results of this

James A. Breaugh; Dennis L. Dossett

1989-01-01

146

Career satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention : The effects of goal orientation, organizational learning culture and developmental feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of personal characteristics (goal orientation) and contextual characteristics (organizational learning culture and developmental feedback) on employees' career satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Subjects were drawn from four Fortune Global 500 companies in Korea. Descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to explain the

Sunyoung Park

2010-01-01

147

Biochemical markers of bone turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in biomarkers in many fields of medicine have expanded the array of tools health care providers can use\\u000a today for disease management. Essentially, biomarkers assist clinicians today in four main ways: screening, diagnosis, assessment\\u000a of severity or risk, and monitoring of, or deciding on, treatment (1). Surrogate markers known as biochemical markers of bone turnover have been used

John J. Carey; Angelo A. Licata; Miriam F. Delaney

2006-01-01

148

Dynamics of Voluntary Cough Maneuvers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Voluntary cough maneuvers are characterized by transient peak expiratory flows (PEF) exceeding the maximum expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) curve. In some cases, these flows can be well in excess of the MEFV, generally referred to as supramaximal flows. Understanding the flow-structure interaction involved in these maneuvers is the main goal of this work. We present a simple theoretical model for investigating the dynamics of voluntary cough and forced expiratory maneuvers. The core modeling idea is based on a 1-D model of high Reynolds number flow through flexible-walled tubes. The model incorporates key ingredients involved in these maneuvers: the expiratory effort generated by the abdominal and expiratory muscles, the glottis and the flexibility and compliance of the lung airways. Variations in these allow investigation of the expiratory flows generated by a variety of single cough maneuvers. The model successfully reproduces PEF which is shown to depend on the cough generation protocol, the glottis reopening time and the compliance of the airways. The particular highlight is in simulating supramaximal PEF for very compliant tubes. The flow-structure interaction mechanisms behind these are discussed. The wave speed theory of flow limitation is used to characterize the PEF. Existing hypotheses of the origin of PEF, from cough and forced expiration experiments, are also tested using this model.

Naire, Shailesh

2008-11-01

149

Employee Resignation: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Louisiana teacher resignation case wherein the trial court ruled and the appeals court affirmed that the resignation was not made under duress and thus the district had not breached the teacher's contract. Discusses other court decisions dealing with issues of voluntary resignation and withdrawal and their implications for principals.…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2002-01-01

150

15 CFR 764.5 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary self-disclosure. 764.5 Section 764...MEASURES § 764.5 Voluntary self-disclosure. (a) General policy...issued thereunder. Voluntary self-disclosure is a mitigating factor in...

2010-01-01

151

15 CFR 764.5 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Voluntary self-disclosure. 764.5 Section 764...MEASURES § 764.5 Voluntary self-disclosure. (a) General policy...issued thereunder. Voluntary self-disclosure is a mitigating factor in...

2009-01-01

152

78 FR 54444 - Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...committee meetings, agency decisions and rulings, delegations of...Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid Meeting AGENCY: United States...Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid (ACVFA). Date: Wednesday...Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid (ACVFA), U.S. Agency...

2013-09-04

153

Mandatory versus voluntary approaches to food safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food safety policy is currently based on a combination of voluntary measures undertaken by producers and regulatory measures imposed, for example, by the US Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration (e.g., mandatory HACCP systems). This article addresses the question of whether reliance on voluntary approaches is likely to lead to adequate consumer protection. Drawing on recent literature

Kathleen Segerson

1999-01-01

154

Voluntary Environmental Disclosures by Large UK Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:?This paper examines the patterns in voluntary environmental disclosures made by a sample of large UK companies. The analysis distinguishes between the decision to make a voluntary environmental disclosure and decisions concerning the quality of such disclosures and examines how each type of decision is determined by firm and industry characteristics. We find that larger, less indebted companies with dispersed

Stephen Brammer; Stephen Pavelin

2006-01-01

155

Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, required by Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, records the results of voluntary measures to reduce, avoid, or sequester greenhouse gas emissions. A total of 228 U.S. companies and other o...

2004-01-01

156

Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Archive  

EIA Publications

The Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program established a mechanism by which corporations, government agencies, individuals, voluntary organizations, etc., can report to the EIA, any actions taken that have or are expected to reduce/avoid emissions of greenhouse gases or sequester carbon.

Information Center

2011-02-01

157

Employee Selection Process: Integrating Employee Needs and Employer Motivators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers suggestions for managers relative to the employee selection process, focusing on the identification of a potential employee's needs and the employer's motivators that affect employee productivity. Discusses the use of a preemployment survey and offers a questionnaire that allows matching of the employee's needs with employment…

Carroll, Brian J.

1989-01-01

158

Diversity climate impact on employee of color outcomes: does justice matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purposes of this paper are three-fold: first, to examine the effect of diversity climate on professional employee of color outcomes, organizational commitment and turnover intentions; second, to investigate the moderating and mediating roles of interactional and procedural justice on the relationships between diversity climate and the outcomes; and third, to explore the interactive effect of racial awareness

E. Holly Buttner; Kevin B. Lowe; Lenora Billings-Harris

2010-01-01

159

Employee Job Embeddedness: A Quantitative Study of Information Technology Personnel in the Workplace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined the relationship between job embeddedness, self-efficacy, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction as predictors of an IT employee's desire to stay (turnover intentions) at his or her position with his or her current employer. A survey instrument was administered to a sample of a population of IT professionals…

Berrios-Ortiz, Edwin J.

2012-01-01

160

The Impact of Civility Interventions on Employee Social Behavior, Distress, and Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although incivility has been identified as an important issue in workplaces, little research has focused on reducing incivility and improving employee outcomes. Health care workers (N = 1,173, Time 1; N = 907, Time 2) working in 41 units completed a survey of social relationships, burnout, turnover intention, attitudes, and management trust before and after a 6-month intervention, CREW (Civility,

Michael P. Leiter; Heather K. Spence Laschinger; Arla Day; Debra Gilin Oore

2011-01-01

161

Life Skills Training as Part of Employee Assistance Programs in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reason employees resign from their jobs is not always for better pay and benefits elsewhere. Statistics show that one of the leading hospital groups in South Africa has a staff turnover rate of 23%. Research by Taute (1992) proved that the social functioning of people is hampered by too much frustration, too little satisfaction and insufficient contentment with life.

Florinda Taute

2008-01-01

162

OSHA: Employee Workplace Rights.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act of 1970 created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) within the Department of Labor and encouraged employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and to implement safety and health prog...

2000-01-01

163

OSHA: Employee Workplace Rights.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act of 1970 created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) within the Department of Labor and encouraged employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and to implement safety and health prog...

2003-01-01

164

Employees with Chronic Pain  

MedlinePLUS

... employee Move workstation close to other work areas, office equipment, and break rooms Muscle Pain and Stiffness: Implement ergonomic workstation design, e.g., ergonomic chair and adjustable workstation to ...

165

Voluntary association membership and psychological distress.  

PubMed

Does voluntary association reduce psychological distress and can these effects be distinguished from the more commonly recognized benefits of social support? This paper attempts to answer this question by reporting the results of an investigation, guided by the stress process model, into the effects of voluntary group membership on psychological distress. I conducted this research through a secondary analysis of a community sample of 850 persons residing in southwestern Ontario in 1984. I find that voluntary group membership results in a reduction in depressive symptoms for men and women ranging in age from 22-89. In addition, voluntary group members suffer lower levels of depressive symptoms in the presence of increasing stress burdens than do those who are not group members, indicating stress buffering effects. Controlling for individual psychosocial resources including mastery, self-esteem, and social support does not reduce these effects, thus leading to the conclusion that voluntary association membership itself makes a unique contribution to distress reduction. PMID:9919856

Rietschlin, J

1998-12-01

166

Voluntary action and causality in temporal binding.  

PubMed

Previous studies have documented temporal attraction in perceived times of actions and their effects. While some authors argue that voluntary action is a necessary condition for this phenomenon, others claim that the causal relationship between action and effect is the crucial ingredient. In the present study, we investigate voluntary action and causality as the necessary and sufficient conditions for temporal binding. We used a variation of the launching effect proposed by Michotte, in which participants controlled the launch stimulus in some blocks. Volunteers reported causality ratings and estimated the interval between the two events. Our results show dissociations between causality ratings and temporal estimation. While causality ratings are not affected by voluntary action, temporal bindings were only found in the presence of both voluntary action and high causality. Our results indicate that voluntary action and causality are both necessary for the emergence of temporal binding. PMID:19680639

Cravo, Andre M; Claessens, Peter M E; Baldo, Marcus V C

2009-10-01

167

Range of employee voice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voice, recently defined as employees' response to job dissatisfaction, is redefined to encompass a wide range of symbolic communicative behaviors. Variations of employee voice are described in light of the concern for corporate conformity. Voice in the workplace is explained as rooted in moral, political-economic, and psychological grounds. The model presented positions voice on active\\/passive and constructive\\/destructive axes. Voice in

William I. Gorden

1988-01-01

168

76 FR 78814 - National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0693-AB61 National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures...the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). Regulations...concerning the establishment of laboratory accreditation programs (LAPs)...

2011-12-20

169

76 FR 17367 - National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0693-AB61 National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures...the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). NIST...how NVLAP establishes laboratory accreditation programs (LAPs)....

2011-03-29

170

Sexual Harassment by School Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph was designed to assist school attorneys, school board members, and administrators in their efforts to prevent, respond to, and defend against claims of sexual harassment by employees. It includes discussion of the law relating to harassment of employees by other employees and employee harassment of students. Practical advice is…

Borkowski, John W.; Brown, Lisa A.; Dodge, Jean Arnold; Ford, Tonya L.; Hoffman, Adam; Jacobs, Jennifer W.; Jaffe, Geraldine; Krent, Nancy Fredman; Schwartz, Richard A.; Shaw, Brian C.; Sneed, Maree

171

Guide to good practices for operations turnover  

SciTech Connect

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operations Turnover, Chapter XII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operations turnover programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Operations Turnover is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a formal operations turnover program to promote safe and efficient operations.

NONE

1998-12-01

172

The impact of participative management perceptions on customer service, medical errors, burnout, and turnover intentions.  

PubMed

Numerous challenges confront managers in the healthcare industry, making it increasingly difficult for healthcare organizations to gain and sustain a competitive advantage. Contemporary management challenges in the industry have many different origins (e.g., economic, financial, clinical, and legal), but there is growing recognition that some of management's greatest problems have organizational roots. Thus, healthcare organizations must examine their personnel management strategies to ensure that they are optimized for fostering a highly committed and productive workforce. Drawing on a sample of 2,522 employees spread across 312 departments within a large U.S. healthcare organization, this article examines the impact of a participative management climate on four employee-level outcomes that represent some of the greatest challenges in the healthcare industry: customer service, medical errors, burnout, and turnover intentions. This study provides clear evidence that employee perceptions of the extent to which their work climate is participative rather than authoritarian have important implications for critical work attitudes and behavior. Specifically, employees in highly participative work climates provided 14 percent better customer service, committed 26 percent fewer clinical errors, demonstrated 79 percent lower burnout, and felt 61 percent lower likelihood of leaving the organization than employees in more authoritarian work climates. These findings suggest that participative management initiatives have a significant impact on the commitment and productivity of individual employees, likely improving the patient care and effectiveness of healthcare organizations as a whole. PMID:19413167

Angermeier, Ingo; Dunford, Benjamin B; Boss, Alan D; Boss, R Wayne

2009-01-01

173

Opening up the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program.  

PubMed

The Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP) can serve as a vehicle to extend access to private health insurance to nonfederal workers. Opening up the FEHBP may also be a politically feasible incremental change because it potentially appeals to those at both ends of the political spectrum. Each of the various ways of enabling nonfederal workers to participate in the FEHBP has its pros and cons. This paper looks at using the FEHBP as a voluntary buy-in opportunity to help those who lack health insurance--without displacing or disrupting existing sources of health coverage or creating an expensive federal program. PMID:7657259

McArdle, F B

1995-01-01

174

Evidence of voluntary accounting disclosures in the Athens Stock Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the motives for providing voluntary accounting disclosures and investigate the financial differences between voluntary and non-voluntary disclosers. The paper also examines the association between the provision of voluntary disclosures and earnings management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study utilises logistic regressions to test the hypothetical relations set up in the study. The

George Iatridis; Panayotis Alexakis

2012-01-01

175

The Extracellular Space on Voluntary Muscle Tissues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume occupied by the extracellular space has been investigated in six types of voluntary muscles: sartorius (frog), semitendinosus (frog), tibialis anticus longus (frog), iliofibularis (frog), rectus abdominis (frog), and diaphragm (rat). With the a...

G. N. Ling M. H. Kromash

1966-01-01

176

Management of Voluntary Agencies: Some Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary, nongovernmental organizations must consider a number of issues, such as purpose and mission, philosophy, values and culture, organizational environment and structure, and growth and development, if they are to be creative and purposeful in their work. (JOW)

Tandon, Rajesh

1988-01-01

177

Voluntary Prayer and the Public School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the proposed Constitutional amendment regulating voluntary prayer in public schools, and charges that it would undermine precedents ensuring the separation of church and state. Discusses the nature of prayer and the role of the public schools. (JAC)

Burnes, Bruce B.; Sand, Paul O.

1984-01-01

178

Effectiveness of the Voluntary Education Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Voluntary Education (VOLED) Program provides off duty educational opportunities integrating a variety of continuing education programs to Sailors seeking to enhance their professional and personal growth. VOLED supplements military training and allows...

F. E. Garcia E. H. Joy D. L. Reese

1998-01-01

179

Voluntary Guidelines for Methamphetamine Laboratory Cleanup.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA prepared this document to provide voluntary cleanup guidelines to homeowners, cleanup contractors, industrial hygienists, policy makers and others involved in meth lab remediation. It does not set requirements, but rather suggests a way of approaching...

2009-01-01

180

25 CFR 38.14 - Voluntary services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION EDUCATION PERSONNEL § 38.14 Voluntary services. ...their work (i.e., student teaching) from an education institution, the agreement will be jointly...

2011-04-01

181

Voluntary Reading in Content-Area Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that content-area teachers can encourage students' voluntary reading by maintaining classroom collections of subject-related books and magazines and by providing class time for independent reading. (SJL)

Memory, David M.

1981-01-01

182

77 FR 72941 - Voluntary Education Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...institutions. The homepage for DoD Voluntary Education (http://apps.mhf.dod.mil/voled) also contains a link where personnel...leadership-ready force. Today's fast-paced and highly mobile environment, where frequent deployments and mobilizations...

2012-12-07

183

First generation of turnover control devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the problems solved by the first generation of turnover control devices using GPRS terminals for sending data from fiscal electronic cash registers and fiscal printers to the server of Tax Administration. The comparison with ordinary fiscal cash registers and non-fiscal cash registers is also provided. The implementation of the first generation of turnover control devices already provided

Milan Prokin; Dragana Prokin

2011-01-01

184

Principal Turnover. Information Capsule. Volume 0914  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent studies indicate that school districts are facing increasing rates of principal turnover. Frequent principal changes deprive schools of the leadership stability they need to succeed, disrupt long-term school reform efforts, and may even be linked to increased teacher turnover and lower levels of student achievement. This Information Capsule…

Blazer, Christie

2010-01-01

185

Contextual Factors Related to Elementary Principal Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of school leadership instability and how it affects schools and student achievement has been studied. The question of how to predict turnover of the principal remains an unknown. The purpose of this research was to search for possible relationships between certain contextual variables and principal turnover and to test the independent…

Partlow, Michelle C.

2007-01-01

186

Bringing social identity to work: the influence of manifestation and suppression on perceived discrimination, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions.  

PubMed

In the current article, we explored whether manifesting or suppressing an identity (race/ethnicity, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, or disability) at work is related to perceived discrimination, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions. Participants included 211 working adults who completed an online survey. The results showed that efforts to suppress a group identity were positively (and behavioral manifestations of group identity negatively) related to perceived discrimination, which predicted job satisfaction and turnover intentions. These results suggest that diverse employees actively manage their nonwork identities while at work and that these identity management strategies have important consequences. PMID:22506819

Madera, Juan M; King, Eden B; Hebl, Michelle R

2012-04-01

187

Motivation of voluntary plasmapheresis donors.  

PubMed

A totally voluntary plasmapheresis program recruits 900 individual donors per year at a cancer institute, where 500 to 900 units of platelets are transfused each month. Staff and donors use a film and brochures to recruit donors from the local community. Television and radio spots, with donor recognition pins, certificates, receptions, and picnics are utilized. Donor motivation was studied by use of: 1) California Psychological Inventory--measures a variety of "normal" personality traits; 2) Study of values--measures theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social, political, religious values; 3) Internal-External Control Scale--measures degree to which a person blames self vs. external events for what happens to him; 4) Faith in People Scale--measures individual's confidence in his fellow man; 5) Anomia Scale--measure of feelings of self-to-others alienation; 6) Mach IV Scale--measure of persons tendency to manipulate others; and 7) Biographical Data Form. Results are presented for 25 male donor subjects studied, as they compare with normative data for the scales used. Donors appeared to have the same traits as do the general population, but appeared lower in Machiavellianism than non-plasmapheresis donors. Prospective study plans include additional subjects to provide appropriate control groups. PMID:951736

Cataldo, J F; Cohen, E; Morganti, J B

1976-01-01

188

Mitochondrial Turnover in the Heart  

PubMed Central

Mitochondrial quality control is increasingly recognized as an essential element in maintaining optimally functioning tissues. Mitochondrial quality control depends upon a balance between biogenesis and autophagic destruction. Mitochondrial dynamics (fusion and fission) allows for the redistribution of mitochondrial components. We speculate that this permits sorting of highly functional components into one end of a mitochondrion, while damaged components are segregated at the other end, to be jettisoned by asymmetric fission followed by selective mitophagy. Ischemic preconditioning requires autophagy/mitophagy, resulting in selective elimination of damaged mitochondria, leaving behind a population of robust mitochondria with a higher threshold for opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. In this review we will consider the factors that regulate mitochondrial biogenesis and destruction, the machinery involved in both processes, and the biomedical consequences associated with altered mitochondrial turnover.

Gustafsson, Asa B.

2010-01-01

189

Voluntary Versus Spontaneous Swallowing in Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review examines the evidence regarding the clinical and neurophysiological differences between voluntary and spontaneous\\u000a swallows. From the clinical point of view, voluntary swallow (VS) occurs when a human has a desire to eat or drink during\\u000a the awake and aware state. Spontaneous swallow (SS) is the result of accumulated saliva and\\/or food remnants in the mouth.\\u000a It occurs without

Cumhur Ertekin

2011-01-01

190

Enhancing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four symposium papers on enhancing employee skills. "The Effect of Study Skills Training Intervention on United States Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices" (John C. Griffith) demonstrates how study skills intervention resulted in a significant increase in the end-of-course scores of a sample of 90 randomly selected Air Force…

1999

191

Assessing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four papers from a symposium on assessing employee skills. "Bridging the Training Gap: Identifying Work Place Transferable Skills Needs in Manufacturing Organizations in East Central Minnesota" (K. Peter Kuchinke, James M. Brown, Howie Anderson, Joe Hobson) reports a study of a workplace education program in rural Minnesota…

1997

192

Employee Diversity Team | Poster  

Cancer.gov

The NCI at Frederick Employee Diversity Team (EDT) has made some changes for 2014. With the help of Data Management Services (DMS) staff, the EDT website has been revamped to have a more streamlined look and act as a “one-stop shop” for anything related to the EDT.

193

Training of Operative Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of the Devils Lake Manufacturing Corporation (a successful enterprise between the Brunswick Corporation and the Sioux Indians on the Fort Totten Indian Reservation) is discussed. It shows how the thorough training of operative employees in a minority enterprise has been a factor in the organization's success. (Author/BP)

Watson, John G.; Rowe, Clair D.

1976-01-01

194

Employee Perceptions of Quality Management: Effects of Employee Orientation Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study examines employee perceptions of quality management at three different time periods. New employees at a large United States manufacturing organization were surveyed regarding their perceptions of their organization's quality management practices before they attended a new employee orientation training, immediately after the…

Akdere, Mesut; Schmidt, Steven W.

2008-01-01

195

Employee Attitudes toward an Internal Employee Assistance Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys employees (N=16,603) who had used a large multinational company's employee assistance program (EAP), adult dependents who had used the EAP, employees who had not used the EAP, and adult dependents who had not used the EAP. Findings indicate that EAP users viewed the EAP more positively than nonusers. (Author/MKA)

Harlow, Kirk C.

1998-01-01

196

Bereaved Employee: Returning to Work  

MedlinePLUS

The Bereaved Employee: Returning to Work By Helen Fitzgerald, CT After a death in the family, the time comes when grieving ... One employer called a grief therapist to help employees after a co-worker reported the death of ...

197

Exploratory Research on Employee Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project to study characteristics of employee publications. Identifies three potential editorial strategies, and concludes that most publications tend toward noncontroversial, "trivial" content like employee recognition themes. (MS)

Clampitt, Phillip G.; And Others

1986-01-01

198

Broadening Your Employee Benefit Portfolio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cost increases and realization of the diverse needs of employees have prompted organizations to review the cost and value of employee benefits. Examines alternatives including "cafeteria plans," managed care programs, and disability income plans. (MLF)

Blaski, Nancy J.; And Others

1989-01-01

199

Managerial Responsibility for Employee Discipline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses corrective action and employee discipline in library management, covering: (1) factors affecting the library manager's right to discipline; (2) employee orientation and training; (3) employee performance measurement; (4) corrective strategies; (5) termination as an option; (6) the importance of fairness; and (7) positive results of…

Hafner, Arthur W.; Kibble-Smith, Brian G.

1988-01-01

200

RNA turnover in Trypanosoma brucei.  

PubMed Central

Regulation of variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) mRNA turnover in Trypanosoma brucei was studied in bloodstream forms, in procyclic cells, and during in vitro transformation of bloodstream forms to procyclic cells by approach-to-equilibrium labeling and pulse-chase experiments. Upon initiation of transformation at 27 degrees C in the presence of citrate-cis-aconitate, the half-life of VSG mRNA was reduced from 4.5 h in bloodstream forms to 1.2 h in transforming cells. Concomitantly, an approximately 25-fold decrease in the rate of transcription was observed, resulting in a 100-fold reduction in the steady-state level of de novo-synthesized VSG mRNA. This low level of expression was maintained for at least 7 h, finally decreasing to an undetectable level after 24 h. Transcription of the VSG gene in established procyclic cells was undetectable. For comparison, the turnover of polyadenylated and nonpolyadenylated RNA, beta-tubulin mRNA, and mini-exon-derived RNA (medRNA) was studied. For medRNA, no significant changes in the rate of transcription or stability were observed during differentiation. In contrast, while the rate of transcription of beta-tubulin mRNA in in vitro-cultured bloodstream forms, transforming cells, and established procyclic cells was similar, the half life was four to five times longer in procyclic cells (t1/2, 7 h) than in cultured bloodstream forms (t1/2, 1.4 h) or transforming cells (t1/2, 1.7 h). Inhibition of protein synthesis in bloodstream forms at 37 degrees Celsius caused a dramatic 20-fold decrease in the rate of VSG mRNA synthesis and a 6-fold decrease in half-life to 45 min, while beta-tubulin mRNA was stabilized 2- to 3-fold and mRNA stability remained unaffected. It is postulated that triggering transformation or inhibiting protein synthesis induces changes in the abundance of the same regulatory molecules which effect the shutoff of VSG gene transcription in addition to shortening the half-life of VSG mRNA. Images

Ehlers, B; Czichos, J; Overath, P

1987-01-01

201

The Role of Organizational Commitment and Citizenship Behaviors in Understanding Relations between Human Resources Practices and Turnover Intentions of IT Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of this study is to present and test an integrated model of turnover intentions which addresses the unique nature of the information technology (IT) profession. It identifies a multidimensional set of human resources (HR) practices likely to increase retention among IT employees. It also considers organizational citizenship behaviors and two distinct types of organizational commitment as key

Patrick Lalonde; Guy Paré; Michel Tremblay

2001-01-01

202

Guilty and helpful: an emotion-based reparatory model of voluntary work behavior.  

PubMed

This study proposes a dynamic reparatory model of voluntary work behavior. We test the hypothesis that when people are made aware of their high level of negative behavior at work (i.e., counterproductive work behavior) and are informed that their behavior is counternormative and undesirable, the knowledge that they violated social norms induces guilt. This guilt, in turn, results in compensatory behavior that is positive in nature (i.e., organizational citizenship behavior). We report results from a field experiment involving normative feedback about employees' counterproductive work behavior to support this model. The findings indicate that undesirable behaviors in the workplace can be redressed by making employees aware of the negative consequences of these behaviors. PMID:24041120

Ilies, Remus; Peng, Ann Chunyan; Savani, Krishna; Dimotakis, Nikolaos

2013-11-01

203

Leaders, managers, and employee care.  

PubMed

With the economic and market changes currently taking place, organizations cannot survive or prosper without quality employees. Key to employee loyalty, performance, and retention is the relationship between the leader, manager, and employee. Leaders are visionaries who make sure that the right things are done for the organization. Managers are in a position to make sure that things are done right within the organization. There are traits and qualities that good leaders and managers must possess to ensure organizational success. Displaying these characteristics will ensure that employees are taken care of, which will benefit both the employees and the organization. PMID:22282003

Stewart, Della W

2012-01-01

204

A Study of Job Factors Affecting Current Public Library Employees' Desire to Remain with or Leave Their Employer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey on employee turnover was administered in five Ohio public libraries, eliciting information on common reasons for and against remaining at a given position. The study found that although there are many reasons for staying, as many as 45% of respondents say they have thought seriously about leaving their job in the last 12 months. Contains…

Rubin, Richard

1995-01-01

205

Exploratory study of understanding hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues. In-depth interviews and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the data. Factor analysis discovered seven factors: (1) enough time-off from work; (2) workplace support on work–life balance; (3) allegiance to work; (4) flexibility on work schedule; (5) life orientation; (6) voluntary reduction of contracted hours to cater for personal needs;

Simon Chak-keung Wong; Annie Ko

2009-01-01

206

Understanding the Consequences of High Staff Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the clearest indicators that an organization is in trouble is high faculty and staff turnover. This churning of personnel drains energy and resources, keeping all from focusing on continuos improvements.

Ellen Lowrie Black

2005-01-01

207

Gravity Dependence of Pleural Liquid Turnover.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The turnover rate of pleural fluid as an experimental model to investigate the interstitial space physiology, in particular its dependence on the gravitational field was studied. Data was gathered in anesthetized animals (rabbits and dogs) breathing spont...

G. Miserocchi D. Negrini

1990-01-01

208

Turnover of Cadmium through Soil Arthropods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The thesis focuses on the turnover of cadmium through the soil arthropod community and the role of soil arthropods in the distribution of cadmium over the soil environment. Traditionally the distribution of cadmium over soil invertebrates has been explain...

M. P. M. Janssen

1991-01-01

209

A threat-appraisal perspective on employees' fears about antisocial workplace behavior.  

PubMed

This article uses a threat-appraisal model to examine the antecedents and consequences of antisocial behavior in an urban public school system. Teachers (compared with nonteachers) and middle and high school employees (compared with elementary school employees) reported higher levels of exposure to and fears about antisocial behavior. A path analysis demonstrated that threat appraisals partially mediate the relationship between antisocial behavior and job satisfaction and indirectly affect turnover intentions. These effects were consistent across high- and low-contact job types and across elementary, middle, and high school employees. The authors used the threat-appraisal model to describe the consequences of different interventions and found empirical evidence for employee voice and security measures as intervening variables. PMID:11827232

Sinclair, Robert R; Martin, James E; Croll, Lee W

2002-01-01

210

Multiple Dimensions of Organizational Identification and Commitment as Predictors of Turnover Intentions and Psychological Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is recognized that identification and commitment are closely related aspects of employees' psychological attachment to the organization, there has been no analysis of the overlap between multiple dimensions of each construct. In this study, three-component models of organizational identification and commitment were investigated as predictors of turnover intentions and psychological well-being (self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and self-efficacy) among

Gregory E. Harris; James E. Cameron

2005-01-01

211

Combined effects of positive and negative affectivity and job satisfaction on job performance and turnover intentions.  

PubMed

Capturing data from employee-supervisor dyads (N = 321) from eight organizations in Pakistan, including human service organizations, an electronics assembly plant, a packaging material manufacturing company, and a small food processing plant, we used moderated regression analysis to examine whether the relationships between trait affect (positive affectivity [PA] and negative affectivity [NA]) and two key work outcome variables (job performance and turnover) are contingent upon the level of job satisfaction. We applied the Trait Activation Theory to explain the moderating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between affect and performance and between affect and turnover. Overall, the data supported our hypotheses. Positive and negative affectivity influenced performance and the intention to quit, and job satisfaction moderated these relationships. We discuss in detail the results of these findings and their implications for research and practice. PMID:23469474

Bouckenooghe, Dave; Raja, Usman; Butt, Arif Nazir

2013-01-01

212

Nursing staff turnover: does leadership matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to study the relation between leadership behaviour of nursing managers and staff turnover with respect to the intervening variables “work climate” and “job satisfaction”. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Three different well-documented questionnaires were used to assess perceived leadership behaviour, work climate and job satisfaction. Data on staff turnover were collected from a computerized follow-up

Stina Sellgren; Goran Ekvall; Goran Tomson

2007-01-01

213

Voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Voluntary Reporting Program for greenhouse gases is part of an attempt by the U.S. Government to develop innovative, low-cost, and nonregulatory approaches to limit emissions of greenhouse gases. It is one element in an array of such programs introduced in recent years as part of the effort being made by the United States to comply with its national commitment to stabilize emissions of greenhouse gases under the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Voluntary Reporting Program, developed pursuant to Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, permits corporations, government agencies, households, and voluntary organizations to report to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) on actions taken that have reduced or avoided emissions of greenhouse gases.

NONE

1996-07-01

214

The costs of nurse turnover, part 2: application of the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology.  

PubMed

This is the second article in a 2-part series focusing on nurse turnover and its costs. Part 1 (December 2004) described nurse turnover costs within the context of human capital theory, and using human resource accounting methods, presented the updated Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology. Part 2 presents an application of this method in an acute care setting and the estimated costs of nurse turnover that were derived. Administrators and researchers can use these methods and cost information to build a business case for nurse retention. PMID:15647669

Jones, Cheryl Bland

2005-01-01

215

Earnings management surrounding CEO turnover: evidence from Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the empirical relation between CEO turnover and earnings management in Korea using a sample of 317 CEO turnovers and 634 non-turnover control firms during the period of 2001-2008. We classify CEO turnovers into four types depending on whether the departure of outgoing CEO is peaceful or forced and the incoming CEO is promoted from within or recruited

Jong-Seo Choi; Young-Min Kwak; Chongwoo Choe

2012-01-01

216

Automatic and voluntary focusing of attention.  

PubMed

In this study, we investigate whether attentional focusing, like attentional orienting, comprises two independent mechanisms. We provide direct empirical evidence in favor of the existence of two mechanisms--one exogenous, or automatic, and one endogenous, or voluntary--that play a role in adjusting the size of the focus of attention. When a new object suddenly occurs in the visual field, the focus is first automatically fitted to it, and then an endogenous effort has to be exerted to maintain attention in the focused mode. Also, we provide evidence that voluntary focusing needs a perceptual object in order to operate. PMID:10997040

Turatto, M; Benso, F; Facoetti, A; Galfano, G; Mascetti, G G; Umiltà, C

2000-07-01

217

Employee recruitment: using behavioral assessments as an employee selection tool.  

PubMed

The labor shortage of skilled health care professionals continues to make employee recruitment and retention a challenge for health care managers. Greater accountability is being placed on health care managers to retain their employees. The urgency to retain health care professionals is largely an issue that should be considered during the initial recruitment of potential employees. Health care managers should analyze candidates rigorously to ensure that appropriate hiring decisions are made. Behavioral assessments can be used as a useful employee selection tool to assist managers in the appropriate placement and training of potential new employees. When administered appropriately, these tools can provide managers with a variety of useful information. This information can assist health care managers in demystifying the hiring process. Although there are varying organizational concerns to address when using behavioral assessments as an employee selection tool, the potential return on investment is worth the effort. PMID:17938588

Collins, Sandra K

2007-01-01

218

The costs of nurse turnover: part 1: an economic perspective.  

PubMed

Nurse turnover is costly for healthcare organizations. Administrators and nurse executives need a reliable estimate of nurse turnover costs and the origins of those costs if they are to develop effective measures of reducing nurse turnover and its costs. However, determining how to best capture and quantify nurse turnover costs can be challenging. Part 1 of this series conceptualizes nurse turnover via human capital theory and presents an update of a previously developed method for determining the costs of nurse turnover, the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Method. Part 2 (January 2005) presents a recent application of the methodology in an acute care hospital. PMID:15632752

Jones, Cheryl Bland

2004-12-01

219

26 CFR 31.3402(p)-1 - Voluntary withholding agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Voluntary withholding agreements. 31.3402(p)-1 Section 31.3402(p)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. (a)...

2013-04-01

220

NVLAP (National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program) Assessment and Evaluation Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP), established in 1976, is administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) formerly the National Bureau of Standards (NBS). NVLAP is a voluntary system for assessing a...

R. L. Gladhill

1989-01-01

221

Voluntary Incentive Design for Endangered Species Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Herein we examine the theory and practical limits of designing a voluntary incentive scheme to protect endangered species on private land. We consider both an ex-ante scheme, in which a contract to the landholder depends only on what the landholder reports, and an ex-post scheme, in which a contract to the landholder depends on reports from all landowners. Except in

Rodney B. W. Smith; Jason F. Shogren

2002-01-01

222

The Voluntary Effort in Disaster Relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

The disaster relief service of the American National Red Cross is seventy-five years old. During this period it has engaged in over 6,700 disaster relief operations, all financed by voluntary contributions. The principles gov erning the work of the Red Cross in these operations are explained, and a de scription is given of the national, regional, and local structure and

Ellsworth Bunker

1957-01-01

223

Patient and Staff Safety: Voluntary Reporting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central to efforts to assure the quality of patient care in hospitals is having accurate data about quality and patient problems. The purpose was to describe the reporting rates of medication administration errors (MAE), patient falls, and occupational injuries. A questionnaire was distributed to staff nurses (N = 1105 respondents) in a national sample of 25 hospitals. This addressed voluntary

Mary A. Blegen; Thomas Vaughn; Ginette Pepper; Carol Vojir; Karen Stratton; Michal Boyd; Gail Armstrong

2004-01-01

224

Effectiveness of the Voluntary Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Navy's Voluntary Education (VOLED) program provides off-duty sailors seeking to enhance their professional and personal growth with educational opportunities integrating various continuing education. VOLED's four major components are tuition assistance, the Program for Afloat College Education (PACE), academic skills learning centers, and…

Garcia, Federico E.; Joy, Ernest H.; Reese, David L.

225

A Decade of Voluntary Childlessness: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography focuses on the subject of voluntary childlessness. The first section lists studies, papers, and dissertations completed after 1970 that examine individuals who have chosen to remain childless and the psychological and social implications of their decision. Another section highlights comparing childless couples to those…

McKirdy, Gail; Nissley, Debbie

226

Voluntary disclosures and information production by analysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the voluntary disclosure decision of a manager when analysts scrutinize the quality of disclosure. We derive an equilibrium in which managers voluntarily disclose unfavorable information only if sufficiently precise, but disclose favorable news with lower levels of accuracy. We show that analysts cover good news disclosures with higher scrutiny. To the extent analysts rely on mandatory financial reports

Nisan Langberg; K. Sivaramakrishnan

2008-01-01

227

Voluntary approaches to food safety: New insights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food safety economists have raised numerous questions according to the emergence and the multiplication of safety quality management system within the food supply chain. However, few research deal with the voluntary implementation by firms of these systems (Segerson, 1999; Venturini, 2003; Noelke- Caswell, 2000). Our paper aims to develop a unified analytical framework of these research. We obtain three results.

MHand Fares; Elodie Rouviere

2006-01-01

228

Voluntary Flammability Regulations for Residential Upholstered Furniture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides merchandising, housing, and design professionals, as well as educators, with a clear understanding of the program objectives and development of the Upholstered Furniture Action Council (UFAC), an industry-driven voluntary product safety association. The central mission of UFAC is to conduct research on cigarette-ignition…

Waxman, Lisa K.; Moore, Mary Ann; Fox, Amy

2008-01-01

229

Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), with the Energy Information Administration (EIA) as the implementing agency, to develop a program to document voluntary actions that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases o...

2005-01-01

230

Analysis of voluntary movements for robotic control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the characterization and control of voluntary movements by analyzing motor command patterns, ensuing analysis from involuntary limb movements. As a result, a neuromuscular-like model with two muscle-reflex models is proposed, and motor command patterns are approximated identified from the experimental data. Based on the identified motor command patterns, a control strategy, muscle modulation control, is proposed

Chi-haur Wu; Kuu-Young Young; Kao-Shing Hwang

1991-01-01

231

Voluntary Environmental Programs: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary environmental programs (VEPs) are institutions for inducing firms to produce environmental goods beyond legal requirements. A comparative perspective on VEPs shows how incentives to sponsor and participate in VEPs vary across countries in ways that reveal their potential and limitations. Our brief survey examines conditions under which…

Prakash, Aseem; Potoski, Matthew

2012-01-01

232

Social orienting: reflexive versus voluntary control  

PubMed Central

Many studies have shown that the direction of gaze of a face covertly facilitates the response to a target presented in the matching direction. In this study we seek to determine whether there exist separate reflexive and voluntary forms of such covert social orienting and how they interact with each other. We measured the effect of the predictive value of a gaze cue on manual choice reaction times. When the predictive value of the gaze cue was zero, a facilitatory cueing effect was still observed which peaked at a Cue onset to Target onset Delay (CTD) of 150 ms and largely diminished beyond a CTD of 500 ms. When the gaze cue was 100% predictive of the future location of the target, at CTDs greater than 200, the predictive cue resulted in a significantly greater facilitation of response than occurred with a non-predictive cue. These results suggest that given enough time (about 200 ms), the social cue is interpreted and a willful or voluntary spatially-specific social cueing effect occurs. In addition, we found that a predictive cue resulted in a significant slowing of the observer’s responses up to a CTD of 200 ms. These findings show that, similar to non-social spatial orienting, there appear to be two forms of social orienting including a reflexive component and voluntary component. We suggest a model of social orienting in which the voluntary social orienting system modulates tonic inhibition of the reflexive social orienting system.

Hill, Julia L.; Patel, Saumil; Gu, Xue; Seyedali, Nassim S.; Bachevalier, Jocelyne; Sereno, Anne B.

2010-01-01

233

Employee referrals and efficiency wages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many workers believe personal contacts are crucial for obtaining jobs in high-wage sectors. On the other hand, firms in high-wage sectors report using employee referrals to screen and monitor new employees. This paper develops a matching model that can explain the link between inter-industry wage differentials and employee referrals. Referrals lower monitoring costs because high-effort referees can exert peer pressure

Adriana D. Kugler

2003-01-01

234

78 FR 69793 - Voluntary Remedial Actions and Guidelines for Voluntary Recall Notices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...proposed rule would set forth the Commission's expectations for voluntary remedial actions and recall notices, bearing in mind that certain elements of product recalls vary and each notice should be tailored appropriately. The proposed rule also...

2013-11-21

235

15 CFR 30.74 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Voluntary self-disclosure. 30.74 Section 30.74...Penalties § 30.74 Voluntary self-disclosure. (a) General policy...violation of the FTR. Voluntary self-disclosure is a mitigating factor...

2009-01-01

236

15 CFR 30.74 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary self-disclosure. 30.74 Section 30.74...Penalties § 30.74 Voluntary self-disclosure. (a) General policy...violation of the FTR. Voluntary self-disclosure is a mitigating factor...

2010-01-01

237

7 CFR 993.162 - Voluntary prune plum diversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Voluntary prune plum diversion. 993.162 Section...Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DRIED PRUNES PRODUCED IN CALIFORNIA Administrative...Voluntary Diversion § 993.162 Voluntary prune plum diversion. (a) Quantity to...

2009-01-01

238

Moving from voluntary euthanasia to non-voluntary euthanasia: equality and compassion.  

PubMed

The recent Dutch law legalising active voluntary euthanasia will reignite the euthanasia debate. An illuminating method for evaluating the moral status of a practice is to follow the implications of the practice to its logical conclusion. The argument for compassion is one of the central arguments in favour of voluntary active euthanasia. This argument applies perhaps even more forcefully in relation to incompetent patients. If active voluntary euthanasia is legalised, arguments based on compassion and equality will be directed towards legalising active non-voluntary euthanasia in order to make accelerated termination of death available also to the incompetent. The removal of discrimination against the incompetent has the potential to become as potent a catch-cry as the right to die. However, the legalisation of non-voluntary euthanasia is undesirable. A review of the relevant authorities reveals that there is no coherent and workable "best interests" test which can be invoked to decide whether an incompetent patient is better off dead. This provides a strong reason for not stepping onto the slippery path of permitting active voluntary euthanasia. PMID:16602214

Amaraskekara, Kumar; Bagaric, Mirko

2004-09-01

239

The prospective effects of workplace violence on physicians' job satisfaction and turnover intentions: the buffering effect of job control  

PubMed Central

Background Health care professionals, including physicians, are at high risk of encountering workplace violence. At the same time physician turnover is an increasing problem that threatens the functioning of the health care sector worldwide. The present study examined the prospective associations of work-related physical violence and bullying with physicians’ turnover intentions and job satisfaction. In addition, we tested whether job control would modify these associations. Methods The present study was a 4-year longitudinal survey study, with data gathered in 2006 and 2010.The present sample included 1515 (61% women) Finnish physicians aged 25–63 years at baseline. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) were conducted while adjusting for gender, age, baseline levels, specialisation status, and employment sector. Results The results of covariance analyses showed that physical violence led to increased physician turnover intentions and that both bullying and physical violence led to reduced physician job satisfaction even after adjustments. We also found that opportunities for job control were able to alleviate the increase in turnover intentions resulting from bullying. Conclusions Our results suggest that workplace violence is an extensive problem in the health care sector and may lead to increased turnover and job dissatisfaction. Thus, health care organisations should approach this problem through different means, for example, by giving health care employees more opportunities to control their own work.

2014-01-01

240

Conceptualizing Employee Silence and Employee Voice as Multidimensional Constructs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employees often have ideas, information, and opinions for constructive ways to improve work and work organizations. Sometimes these employees exercise voice and express their ideas, information, and opinions; and other times they engage in silence and withhold their ideas, information, and opinions. On the surface, expressing and withholding behaviours might appear to be polar opposites because silence implies not speaking

Linn Van Dyne; Isabel C. Botero

2003-01-01

241

Employee Perceived Training Effectiveness Relationship to Employee Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between perceived employee training effectiveness and job satisfaction, motivation and commitment. Design/methodology/approach: The study examined the responses of 134 employees and lower managers, of five large Greek organizations, after they had completed a training program.…

Sahinidis, Alexandros G.; Bouris, John

2008-01-01

242

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-4 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; inurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...association, other than as a life, sick, accident...considered a benefit within the meaning of § 1.501(c...purchase of insurance, life, sick, accident or other benefits within the meaning of §...

2013-04-01

243

Authorization for Voluntary Services of Certain Students; Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Manpower and Civil Service of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service; House of Representatives; Ninety-Fourth Congress; First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hearing considered two bills, H.R. 2162 introduced by Charles Wilson of California, and H.R. 3522 by C. W. Bill Young of Florida, which authorize any officer or employee of the United States to accept the voluntary services of certain students for the United States. This was advocated by President Ford in his commencement address to the Ohio…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.

244

49 CFR 225.12 - Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement...Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor...

2010-10-01

245

49 CFR 225.12 - Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement...Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor...

2009-10-01

246

Motivating pharmacy employees.  

PubMed

Concepts from theories of motivation are used to suggest methods for improving the motivational environment of hospital pharmacy departments. Motivation--the state of being stimulated to take action to achieve a goal or to satisfy a need--comes from within individuals, but hospital pharmacy managers can facilitate motivation by structuring the work environment so that it satisfies employees' needs. Concepts from several theories of motivation are discussed, including McGregor's theory X and theory Y assumptions, Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, Herzberg's motivation hygiene theory, and Massey's value system theory. Concepts from the Japanese style of management that can be used to facilitate motivation, such as quality circles, also are described. The autocratic, participative, and laissez faire styles of leadership are discussed in the context of the motivation theories, and suggested applications of theoretical concepts to practice are presented. PMID:6465152

White, S J; Generali, J A

1984-07-01

247

Community College Employee Wellness Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program information…

Thornton, L. Jay; Johnson, Sharon

2010-01-01

248

Counseling Employees: A Multifaceted Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is divided into five major sections that focus on the various perspectives, needs, and concerns of employees in the workplace. Chapters include: (1) Work: Meaning, Mattering, and Job Satisfaction (K. M. Connolly); (2) Spirituality in the Workplace: An Overview (E. J. Looby and D. S. Sandhu); (3) Developing the Whole Employee: Some…

Sandhu, Daya Singh, Ed.

249

Helping the New Employee Adjust.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A manager training a new employee should explain what is expected, encourage questions, allow flexibility, expect mistakes, and review procedures. When problems arise, the manager must be honest, set guidelines, and inform the employee of his/her progress. (Author/MLF)

Hayes, James L.

1981-01-01

250

Employee Ownership, Motivation and Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between employee ownership, motivation, and productivity was explored. The main data collection activities were as follows: (1) a literature review; (2) interviews with management and employees from 10 selected companies across the United Kingdom; (3) surveys of ICOM (the federation of worker cooperatives) member companies and…

Michie, Jonathan; Oughton, Christine; Bennion, Yvonne

251

Leadership behavior and employee effectiveness.  

PubMed

A research study shows how leaders can significantly impact employee productivity, job satisfaction and commitment. Five leadership skills basic to good management are developed and implemented to complement the nurse manager's own unique style. Employees, in turn, will respond to the manager's examples of high standards and values. PMID:8265078

McNeese-Smith, D

1993-05-01

252

Assessing New Employee Orientation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to examine the importance of new employee orientation (NEO) programs, the quality of typical NEOs, and how to improve NEOs. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides a viewpoint of the importance of new employee orientation programs, the quality of typical NEOs, and how to improve NEOs. Findings: Although western…

Acevedo, Jose M.; Yancey, George B.

2011-01-01

253

Public Sector Employee Assistance Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses employee assistance programs (EAPs), programs which have been developed to help employees deal with personal problems that seriously affect job performance. It reviews literature which specifically addresses EAPs in the public sector, noting that there are no exact figures on how many public entities have EAPs. Previous…

Kemp, Donna R.; Verlinde, Beverly

254

The Employee Assistance Industry Alliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The employee assistance industry faces unique challenges as the behavioral health field continues to change. The following is a characterization of how collaboration is emerging around a national Employee Assistance Industry Alliance (hereafter called the Alliance) to provide leadership for the field. This article discusses the context in which the Alliance is developing and the initial vision for the Alliance.

Ronald W. Manderscheid; Dale Masi; George Watkins; Christopher D. Carroll; Evelyn Santiago-Fernandez

2005-01-01

255

Motivating employees for environmental improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a theoretical framework for environmental performance by looking at the crucial employer and employee factors affecting environmental performance. The model focuses on the integration between top management commitment, employee empowerment, rewards, feedback and review, and environmental performance. Suggestions for managers on implementing core concepts from the model, in addition to the challenges they may encounter are discussed

Nalini Govindarajulu; Bonnie F. Daily

2004-01-01

256

Telecommunications Mega-Mergers: Impact On Employee Morale And Turnover Intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of mergers and acquisitions grew at record rates in the United States over the past 10 years, and mega telecommunications mergers have been no exception. Three very high-profile telecommunications mergers included MCI and Verizon, Sprint and Nextel, and BellSouth and AT&T. These megamergers have changed the competitive landscape dramatically in the telecom arena. Despite the popularity of mergers

Keisha Chambers; Faculty Mentor; Chair JOHN C. HANNON

2009-01-01

257

Deterring and remedying employee theft.  

PubMed

Employee theft of patient-related information for personal financial gain is a serious threat to the success and financial viability of many healthcare providers. You can safeguard your financial interest in your patient base by taking three preventative measures designed to dissuade your employees from stealing from you. The first step is the implementation of policies and procedures that inform your employees that patient-related information is a valuable business asset that you vigorously protect from misappropriation. The second step is strictly limiting and monitoring employee access to patient-related information. The third step is educating your employees of the potential legal consequences to them in the event they steal from you and, in the event of theft, pursuing all legal remedies available to you. PMID:20480784

Buzogany, Bill; Mueller, Michael J

2010-01-01

258

28 CFR 105.24 - Employee's rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Employee's rights. 105.24 Section 105.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.24 Employee's rights. An employee is entitled...

2013-07-01

259

Public Employee Unions and the Post Commander.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The last two decades revealed a trend toward unionization by public sector employees including civilian employees on military installations. In this paper, LTC Daniel examines public sector employee unions and specifically their propensity to strike. Sinc...

E. L. Daniel

1982-01-01

260

Cooperation: Key to Employee Career Development Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Employee Development Program which offers free career development services to employees. Attributes the program's seven successful years to cooperation between the counselor education program and the employee relations/personnel office. (NB)

McDaniels, Carl; Watts, Gail A.

1987-01-01

261

Voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases 1997  

SciTech Connect

The Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, required by Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, records the results of voluntary measures to reduce, avoid, or sequester greenhouse gas emissions. In 1998, 156 US companies and other organizations reported to the Energy information Administration that, during 1997, they had achieved greenhouse gas emission reductions and carbon sequestration equivalent to 166 million tons of carbon dioxide, or about 2.5% of total US emissions for the year. For the 1,229 emission reduction projects reported, reductions usually were measured by comparing an estimate of actual emissions with an estimate of what emissions would have been had the project not been implemented.

NONE

1999-05-01

262

The valuation consequences of voluntary accounting changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firm management typically claims that voluntary accounting method changes (VACs) are made to enhance the informativeness of\\u000a earnings by better matching accounting practices with economic reality. In contrast, skeptics argue that managers adopt new\\u000a accounting procedures to opportunistically manage earnings and influence their firm’s stock price. In this paper, we investigate\\u000a these alternative motives for VACs. Specifically, we investigate whether

James S. Linck; Thomas J. Lopez; Lynn Rees

2007-01-01

263

Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Voluntary Reporting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document, provided by the US Energy Information Agency, summarizes emission data reported for 1995 as part of the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program. Global warming is caused by increasing quantities of greenhouse gases being emitted into the atmosphere. Such gases include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and toxic pollutants. Estimates of temperature increase range from 2-6.5 degrees Fahrenheit in the next 100 years.

1997-01-01

264

Assessing Voluntary Programs to Improve Environmental Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade has seen a dramatic increase in the use of voluntaryapproaches (VAs) to environmental protection, which has\\u000a spurned agrowing literature on the relative merits of voluntary vs. mandatoryapproaches. This paper draws on that literature\\u000a to discuss both thetheoretical and empirical issues that arise in the evaluation orassessment of a particular VA. We consider\\u000a both the environmentaleffectiveness and the

Anna Alberini; Kathleen Segerson

2002-01-01

265

Muscle activation level during maximal voluntary effort.  

PubMed

To assess the extent of the level of muscle activation during maximal voluntary effort, a method of superimposed trains of electrical impulses delivered at 100 Hz was employed. During a maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in isometric knee extension, a submaximal superimposed electrical stimulation (ES) of differing train durations was induced to the quadriceps muscle, when maximal voluntary torque was achieved. For all train durations the force increased during ES. During 100 ms and longer trains, the additional torque reached a plateau. The same principle of submaximal electrical stimulation superimposed over MVC was used in explosive isometric knee extensions, comparing the rate of force growth in trials with and without ES. In all subjects ES had an augmenting effect during the increase in force and up to the maximal force. It was concluded that the subjects were not able voluntarily to activate fully their quadriceps muscle. This was true both for maximal force and for the increase in force. It seems that the existence of an activation deficit is a fact, the question is how to quantify it in a reliable and valid way. PMID:8789585

Strojnik, V

1995-01-01

266

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions: Voluntary reporting  

SciTech Connect

The Voluntary Reporting Program, developed pursuant to Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, permits corporations, government agencies, households, and voluntary organizations to report on their emissions of greenhouse gases, and on actions taken that have reduced or avoided emissions or sequestered carbon, to the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This, the second annual report of the Voluntary Reporting Program, describes information provided by the participating organizations on their aggregate emissions and emissions reductions, as well as their emissions reduction or avoidance projects, through 1995. This information has been compiled into a database that includes reports from 142 organizations and descriptions of 967 projects that either reduced greenhouse gas emissions or sequestered carbon. Fifty-one reporters also provided estimates of emissions, and emissions reductions achieved, for their entire organizations. The projects described actions taken to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide from energy production and use; to reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions from energy use, waste management, and agricultural processes; to reduce emissions of halocarbons, such as CFCs and their replacements; and to increase carbon sequestration.

NONE

1997-10-01

267

Dynamics of telomeric DNA turnover in yeast.  

PubMed Central

Telomerase adds telomeric DNA repeats to telomeric termini using a sequence within its RNA subunit as a template. We characterized two mutations in the Kluyveromyces lactis telomerase RNA gene (TER1) template. Each initially produced normally regulated telomeres. One mutation, ter1-AA, had a cryptic defect in length regulation that was apparent only if the mutant gene was transformed into a TER1 deletion strain to permit extensive replacement of basal wild-type repeats with mutant repeats. This mutant differs from previously studied delayed elongation mutants in a number of properties. The second mutation, TER1-Bcl, which generates a BclI restriction site in newly synthesized telomeric repeats, was indistinguishable from wild type in all phenotypes assayed: cell growth, telomere length, and in vivo telomerase fidelity. TER1-Bcl cells demonstrated that the outer halves of the telomeric repeat tracts turn over within a few hundred cell divisions, while the innermost few repeats typically resisted turnover for at least 3000 cell divisions. Similarly deep but incomplete turnover was also observed in two other TER1 template mutants with highly elongated telomeres. These results indicate that most DNA turnover in functionally normal telomeres is due to gradual replicative sequence loss and additions by telomerase but that there are other processes that also contribute to turnover.

McEachern, Michael J; Underwood, Dana Hager; Blackburn, Elizabeth H

2002-01-01

268

Issues related to staff retention and turnover.  

PubMed

Retention and turnover of staff, particularly highly skilled nurses, are important issues for administrators in the current health care environment. The purpose of this article is to review the literature to improve our understanding of factors related to staff retention. Group cohesion, job stress, manager style, and autonomy are examined. Strategies to improve retention, which focus on these critical factors, are described. PMID:12271763

Wells, Nancy; Roberts, Laura; Medlin, Lisa Cagle

2002-09-01

269

Minor psychiatric morbidity and labour turnover.  

PubMed Central

The relation of minor psychiatric morbidity with labour turnover is examined, using data from a study of young, predominantly middle class, white collar men and women. The results suggest that the presence of psychiatric symptomatology is at least as important as occupational attitudes in identifying individuals who would subsequently leave the organisation.

Jenkins, R

1985-01-01

270

Director Turnover: An Australian Academic Development Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it can be argued that directors of central academic development units (ADUs) are critical to the implementation of university teaching and learning strategies, it would appear there is a high director turnover rate. While research in the USA, the UK, and Australia illustrates that ADUs are frequently closed or restructured, that research…

Fraser, Kym; Ryan, Yoni

2012-01-01

271

Teacher Turnover in Charter Schools. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed to contribute to a deeper understanding of the organizational conditions of charter schools by examining teacher turnover. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS), researchers from the National Center on School…

Stuit, David; Smith, Thomas M.

2010-01-01

272

Calculating nursing turnover in New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of nursing staff turnover is being carried out by the Nursing Research Team from the Riverina-Murray Institute of Higher Education for the New South Wales College of Nursing and the New South Wales Department of Health. The general aim of the study is to provide information about the annual rate of loss of registered nurses from public hospitals

David Battersby; Stephen Kermode; Colin Boylan; Judith van der Wal; Ron Kerr; Brian King

1989-01-01

273

Employee Assistance Program Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Employee Assistance Program (EAP) officers, as well as personnel in other disciplines from eight NASA Centers, attended this breakout session. Ms. Brenda Blair, MA, CEAP, a guest speaker at the conference, also attended as a consultant. Representatives from the NASA Centers introduced themselves and spoke briefly about their programs. In a discussion related to the conference theme on benchmarking, quality control issues within the EAP community and adequate documentation of cases were addressed. Disposition and provision for quality assurance checks for EAP providers in single person offices were also discussed. Ms. Blair presented methods for consulting with other NASA personnel in single person EAP offices as a quality control measure. EAP intervention in critical incidents was discussed. The question of whether EAP assistance is an asset or a potential liability in those situations was addressed. Suggestions were made of topics for future EAP video-teleconference topics. A program on EAP ethics was planned for a September video teleconference. Each person was asked to provide intake forms they use to Mr. Gettleman or Ms. Blair. Ms. Blair said she would review the forms to ensure that adequate notification is provided to the client for confidentiality. She would also review them to ensure they have adequate limits of confidentiality--a topic for future video teleconferencing. Mr. Gettleman described the NASA initiative to reduce stresses in the workplace, and the activities of an ad-hoc EAP group that will make recommendations to NASA senior management. Alternative training methods were discussed for reaching target audiences such as employees at risk, supervisors, and others. Pfc. David A. Pendleton, Victim Assistance Coordinator, U.S. Capitol Police. U.S. House of Representatives made a special presentation. Pfc. Pendleton was on duty during the tragic shooting of two Federal guards at the U.S. Capitol. He related the events immediately after the incident. He described the nature and structure of the EAP's and the separate nature of the House and Senate programs. This episode was a particularly difficult situation as large numbers of tourists were involved. William S. Barry, MD, the new Manager of the NASA Occupational Health Program Office was introduced to those attending the breakout session.

Gettleman, Alan G.; McGuire, William

1999-01-01

274

Addressing problems of employee performance.  

PubMed

Employee performance problems are essentially of 2 kinds: those that are motivational in origin and those resulting from skill deficiencies. Both kinds of problems are the province of the department manager. Performance problems differ from problems of conduct in that traditional disciplinary processes ordinarily do not apply. Rather, performance problems are addressed through educational and remedial processes. The manager has a basic responsibility in ensuring that everything reasonable is done to help each employee succeed. There are a number of steps the manager can take to address employee performance problems. PMID:21537142

McConnell, Charles R

2011-01-01

275

Employee assistance programs.  

PubMed

The substance abuser brings his problems to the workplace. Ninety-five percent or more of all individuals experiencing alcohol-or drug-related problems are either employed or the spouse or dependent of someone who is working. It is clear we are facing a problem which transcends the boundaries of the workplace. The result in the workplace, of course, is increased costs, lower productivity, more accidents on the job, but most importantly additional suffering for the individuals involved. It is important to remember that neither GM, the UAW, nor the IUE can be expected to accept responsibility for those individuals who have the ability to control their own "wellness" and productivity. Any joint union-management substance abuse program can only be a catalyst to help individuals confront their problems. Along with the other groups and institutions concerned with these problems, GM, in cooperation with the UAW, IUE, and the other unions that represent our employees, is trying to help individuals with addictive diseases confront and obtain treatment for their problems. We believe our programs are moving in the right direction and will continue to make progress. PMID:3677407

Austin, R L

1987-10-01

276

[Unemployment of elderly employees].  

PubMed

Due to social security provisions and collective bargaining agreements, older employees are less frequently confronted with unemployment in comparison with other age groups in the labour force. In September 1984, 422,000 older workers aged 50 years and over were unemployed. To this figure an additional 250,000 older workers must be added, who are no longer registered as unemployed but nevertheless would be interested in finding another job. Only in exceptional cases do the older unemployed find permanent jobs with the help of labour exchange or by their own initiative. A proportion of roughly 80% of the older unemployed aged 50 plus is not re-integrated into the working process before retirement. Older unemployed workers suffer particularly from the financial and perhaps even to a greater extent from the psychological effects of unemployment. In a situation, in which renumerated employment is no longer available, they pass through a rather long period of re-orientation towards a meaningful life. PMID:4072337

Preiser, K

1985-01-01

277

Top Executives, Turnover and Firm Performance in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines executive turnover -- both for management and supervisory boards -- and its relation to firm performance in the largest companies in Germany in the 1980s. Turnover of the management board increases significantly with poor stock performance and particularly poor (i.e. negative) earnings, but is unrelated to sales growth and earnings growth. These turnover- performance relations do not

Steven N Kaplan

1994-01-01

278

Investing in Leadership: The District's Role in Managing Principal Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of research into the impact of principal turnover on schools, and the ability of schools to mitigate the negative effects of frequent turnover by distributing leadership in the schools. The findings from this qualitative and quantitative analysis show that rapid principal turnover does indeed have a negative…

Mascall, Blair; Leithwood, Kenneth

2010-01-01

279

State Differences and Facility Differences in Nursing Home Staff Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author uses data from 8,023 nursing homes to examine state differences in turnover and vacancy rates and organizational characteristics associated with turnover rates. The analyses focus on nurse aides, licensed practical nurses, and registered nurses as caregivers. Findings show that the 2004 turnover and vacancy rates for these caregivers were high and that there were differences across states for

Nicholas G. Castle

2008-01-01

280

High School Band Students' Perspectives of Teacher Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher turnover remains an important issue in education. The least researched perspectives, though, are those of the students who experience teacher turnover. The purpose of this study was to examine how high school band students experience teacher turnover. A total of twelve students were interviewed, representing three schools that experienced…

Kloss, Thomas E.

2013-01-01

281

A closer look at decisions to quit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aspects of March and Simon’s (1958) subjective expected utility model and a prediction of Lee and Mitchell’s (1994) unfolding model of voluntary employee turnover were tested. A policy capturing simulation that varied high, moderate, and low levels of five job characteristics was used to model voluntary turnover decision processes for 532 nurses. Survey measures of these job characteristics obtained over

Craig J. Russell; Mary Van Sell

282

Implementing an Employee Assistance Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes in detail the implementation of an employee assistance program in a textile plant. Reviews the historical development, referral process, and termination guidelines of the program and contains descriptive statistics for six periods of the program's operation. (Author/JAC)

Gam, John; And Others

1983-01-01

283

Treatment staff turnover in organizations implementing evidence-based practices: Turnover rates and their association with client outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

High staff turnover has been described as a problem for the substance use disorder treatment field. This assertion is based primarily on the assumption that staff turnover adversely impacts treatment delivery and effectiveness. This assumption, however, has not been empirically tested. In this study, we computed annualized rates of turnover for treatment staff (n=249) participating in an evidence-based practice implementation

Bryan R. Garner; Brooke D. Hunter; Kathryn C. Modisette; Pamela C. Ihnes; Susan H. Godley

284

Reversal of optic neuropathy secondary to voluntary globe luxation.  

PubMed

Luxation of the globe is rare in the general population and may be spontaneous, voluntary, or traumatic. Spontaneous or voluntary globe luxation results from shallow orbit, floppy eyelids, lax orbital ligaments, backward displacement of orbital septum, or proptotic eyes due to orbital tumors or infiltrative processes, as in Grave's ophthalmopathy. The authors report a case with unilateral voluntary globe luxation presented with unilateral progressive visual loss. PMID:19157936

Yaman, Aylin; Ozturk, Taylan; Soylev, Meltem F

2009-04-01

285

Turnover intention in new graduate nurses: a multivariate analysis  

PubMed Central

Title Turnover intention in new graduate nurses: a multivariate analysis Aim This paper is a report of a study to determine the relationship of new nurse turnover intent with individual characteristics, work environment variables and organizational factors and to compare new nurse turnover with actual turnover in the 18 months of employment following completion of a residency. Background Because of their influence on patient safety and health outcomes nurse turnover and turnover intent have received considerable attention worldwide. When nurse staffing is inadequate, especially during nursing shortages, unfavourable clinical outcomes have been documented. Method Prospective data collection took place from 1999 to 2006 with 889 new paediatric nurses who completed the same residency. Scores on study instruments were related to likelihood of turnover intent using logistic regression analysis models. Relationships between turnover intent and actual turnover were compared using Kaplan–Meier survivorship. Results The final model demonstrated that older respondents were more likely to have turnover intent if they did not get their ward choice. Also higher scores on work environment and organizational characteristics contributed to likelihood that the new nurse would not be in the turnover intent group. These factors distinguish a new nurse with turnover intent from one without 79% of the time. Increased seeking of social support was related to turnover intent and older new graduates were more likely to be in the turnover intent group if they did not get their ward choice. Conclusion When new graduate nurses are satisfied with their jobs and pay and feel committed to the organization, the odds against turnover intent decrease. What is already known about this topic There is concern in many countries about nurse turnover and the resulting effects on patient safety and quality of care. Decreasing ability to recruit experienced nurses has increased the emphasis on recruitment of new graduate nurses, particularly in the United States of America. Historically, new graduate nurses have a high turnover rate within the first year of employment. What this paper adds When new graduate nurses are satisfied with their jobs and pay and feel committed to the organization, the odds of turnover intent decrease. Increased seeking social support to cope with the transition from student to competent Registered Nurse is related to turnover intent. Older graduates (>30) are 4·5 times more likely to have turnover intent if they do not get their ward of choice.

Beecroft, Pauline C; Dorey, Frederick; Wenten, Made

2008-01-01

286

Employee Satisfaction: Does Kano's Model Apply?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employee satisfaction has become one of the critical issues in total quality management. Numerous studies investigate the antecedences and consequences of the construct. It has been found that employee satisfaction drives productivity and customer satisfaction. In order to better understand the drivers of employee satisfaction, the authors investigate whether Kano's model of customer satisfaction also applies to employee satisfaction. Kano's

Kurt Matzler; Matthias Fuchs; Astrid Schubert

2004-01-01

287

LGBT Employee Groups: Goals and Organizational Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem and the solution. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) employees oftentimes face isolation, difficult workplace climates, and inequitable benefits and policies. LGBT employee groups offer a space for social support and provide an organized platform from which employees can advocate for changes within their workplaces.We provide a social and historical background on LGBT employee groups and provide a

Rod P. Githens; Steven R. Aragon

2009-01-01

288

Replicator dynamics with turnover of players.  

PubMed

We study adaptive dynamics in games where players abandon the population at a given rate and are replaced by naive players characterized by a prior distribution over the admitted strategies. We demonstrate how such a process leads macroscopically to a variant of the replicator equation, with an additional term accounting for player turnover. We study how Nash equilibria and the dynamics of the system are modified by this additional term for prototypical examples such as the rock-paper-scissors game and different classes of two-action games played between two distinct populations. We conclude by showing how player turnover can account for nontrivial departures from Nash equilibria observed in data from lowest unique bid auctions. PMID:24032882

Juul, Jeppe; Kianercy, Ardeshir; Bernhardsson, Sebastian; Pigolotti, Simone

2013-08-01

289

Replicator dynamics with turnover of players  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study adaptive dynamics in games where players abandon the population at a given rate and are replaced by naive players characterized by a prior distribution over the admitted strategies. We demonstrate how such a process leads macroscopically to a variant of the replicator equation, with an additional term accounting for player turnover. We study how Nash equilibria and the dynamics of the system are modified by this additional term for prototypical examples such as the rock-paper-scissors game and different classes of two-action games played between two distinct populations. We conclude by showing how player turnover can account for nontrivial departures from Nash equilibria observed in data from lowest unique bid auctions.

Juul, Jeppe; Kianercy, Ardeshir; Bernhardsson, Sebastian; Pigolotti, Simone

2013-08-01

290

Ganglioside\\/glycosphingolipid turnover: New concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review focus is given to the metabolic turnover of gangliosides\\/glycosphingolipids. The metabolism and accompanying\\u000a intracellular trafficking of gangliosides\\/glycosphingolipids is illustrated with particular attention to the following events:\\u000a (a) the de novo biosynthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, followed by vesicular sorting to the plasma membrane; (b)\\u000a the enzyme-assisted chemical modifications occurring at the plasma membrane level;

G. Tettamanti

2003-01-01

291

Turnover of soil monosaccharides: Recycling versus Stabilization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil organic matter (SOM) represents a mixture of differently degradable compounds. Each of these compounds are characterised by different dynamics due to different chemical recalcitrance, transformation or stabilisation processes in soil. Carbohydrates represent one of these compounds and contribute up to 25 % to the soil organic matter. Vascular plants are the main source of pentose sugars (Arabinose and Xylose), whereas hexoses (Galactose and Mannose) are primarily produced by microorganisms. Several studies suggest that the mean turnover times of the carbon in soil sugars are similar to the turnover dynamics of the bulk carbon in soil. The aim of the study is to characterise the influence of stabilisation and turnover of soil carbohydrates. Soil samples are collected from (i) a continuous maize cropping experiment ('Höhere Landbauschule' Rotthalmünster, Bavaria) established 1979 on a Stagnic Luvisol and (ii) from a continuous wheat cropping, established 1969, as reference site. The effect of stabilisation is estimated by the comparison of turnover times of microbial and plant derived soil carbohydrates. As the dynamics of plant derived carbohydrate are solely influenced by stabilisation processes, whereas the dynamics of microbial derived carbohydrates are affected by recycling of organic carbon compounds derived by C3 plant substrate as well as stabilisation processes. The compound specific isotopic analysis (CSIA) of soil carbohydrates was performed using a HPLC/o/IRMS system. The chromatographic and mass spectrometric subunits were coupled with a LC-Isolink interface. Soil sugars were extracted after mild hydrolysis using 4 M trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Chromatographic separation of the sugars was achieved using a low strength 0.25 mM NaOH solution as mobile phase at a ?ow rate of 250 ?L min-1 at 10 ° C.

Basler, Anna; Dyckmans, Jens

2014-05-01

292

Forest turnover rates follow global and regional patterns of productivity  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Using a global database, we found that forest turnover rates (the average of tree mortality and recruitment rates) parallel broad-scale patterns of net primary productivity. First, forest turnover was higher in tropical than in temperate forests. Second, as recently demonstrated by others, Amazonian forest turnover was higher on fertile than infertile soils. Third, within temperate latitudes, turnover was highest in angiosperm forests, intermediate in mixed forests, and lowest in gymnosperm forests. Finally, within a single forest physiognomic type, turnover declined sharply with elevation (hence with temperature). These patterns of turnover in populations of trees are broadly similar to the patterns of turnover in populations of plant organs (leaves and roots) found in other studies. Our findings suggest a link between forest mass balance and the population dynamics of trees, and have implications for understanding and predicting the effects of environmental changes on forest structure and terrestrial carbon dynamics. ??2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.

Stephenson, N. L.; Van Mantgem, P. J.

2005-01-01

293

Glucose turnover and recycling in colorectal carcinoma.  

PubMed Central

Glucose metabolism is affected by various pathologic states including tumors. In this project, glucose turnover and recycling rates in 11 patients with colorectal carcinoma were measured using a double-labelled 3-3H and 1-14C glucose injection technique. Fasting blood glucose, lactate, pyruvate, alanine, glycerol, 3-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, plasma cortisol, and plasma insulin concentrations were also measured. No patient in the study had a history of diabetes mellitus or endocrine disorders, nor any abnormal liver function tests. The findings demonstrated a significantly elevated glucose turnover rate in patients with Dukes C and D lesions in comparison to patients with Dukes B lesions. Cori recycling rates were not significantly different between Dukes B vs. Dukes C and D patients. There were no differences between Dukes B and Dukes C and D patients in any of the metabolites measured. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in glucose turnover or recycling rates as a function of pre-illness weight loss. These data suggest that, when colorectal carcinoma extends beyond the limits of the bowel wall, glucose metabolism is significantly altered.

Kokal, W A; McCulloch, A; Wright, P D; Johnston, I D

1983-01-01

294

Are happy employees healthy employees? Researching the effects of employee engagement on absenteeism.  

PubMed

In 2007, a survey was conducted to measure the levels of workplace engagement for British Columbian civil servants. Following the Heskett et al. model of the “service profit chain” (1994, 2002), the government's primary concerns were the increasing attrition rates and their effects on service delivery. Essentially, the model demonstrated that employees who were more engaged were more committed to their work and more likely to stay within the civil service and that this culminated in improved customer service. Under the joint rubrics of absenteeism and job satisfaction, this study uses a construct of engagement (i.e., job satisfaction) to test whether different levels of engagement have any effect on the amount of sick time (absenteeism) an employee incurs. Specifically, the author looks at whether there is any correlation between the amount of sick time used and an individual's level of engagement and proposes that there is an inverse negative relationship: as job engagement increases, sick time used decreases. Testing the old adage “A happy employee is a healthy employee,” this research demonstrates that, though a more engaged employee may use less sick time, the differences in use between highly engaged employees and those not engaged are fairly marginal and that correlations are further confounded by a host of other (often missing) factors. PMID:21132939

Hoxsey, Dann

2010-01-01

295

Health and Turnover of Working Mothers After Childbirth Via the Work-Family Interface: An Analysis Across Time  

PubMed Central

This study examined organizational levers that impact work–family experiences, participant health, and subsequent turnover. Using a sample of 179 women returning to full-time work 4 months after childbirth, we examined the associations of 3 job resources (job security, skill discretion, and schedule control) with work-to-family enrichment and the associations of 2 job demands (psychological requirements and nonstandard work schedules) with work-to-family conflict. Further, we considered subsequent impact of work-to-family conflict and enrichment on women’s health (physical and mental health) 8 months after women returned to work and the impact of health on voluntary turnover 12 months after women returned to work. Having a nonstandard work schedule was directly and positively related to conflict, whereas schedule control buffered the effect of psychological requirements on conflict. Skill discretion and job security, both job resources, directly and positively related to enrichment. Work-to-family conflict was negatively related to both physical and mental health, but work-to-family enrichment positively predicted only physical health. Physical health and mental health both negatively influenced turnover. We discuss implications and opportunities for future research.

Carlson, Dawn S.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Ferguson, Merideth; Hunter, Emily M.; Clinch, C. Randall; Arcury, Thomas A.

2013-01-01

296

Health and turnover of working mothers after childbirth via the work-family interface: an analysis across time.  

PubMed

This study examined organizational levers that impact work-family experiences, participant health, and subsequent turnover. Using a sample of 179 women returning to full-time work 4 months after childbirth, we examined the associations of 3 job resources (job security, skill discretion, and schedule control) with work-to-family enrichment and the associations of 2 job demands (psychological requirements and nonstandard work schedules) with work-to-family conflict. Further, we considered subsequent impact of work-to-family conflict and enrichment on women's health (physical and mental health) 8 months after women returned to work and the impact of health on voluntary turnover 12 months after women returned to work. Having a nonstandard work schedule was directly and positively related to conflict, whereas schedule control buffered the effect of psychological requirements on conflict. Skill discretion and job security, both job resources, directly and positively related to enrichment. Work-to-family conflict was negatively related to both physical and mental health, but work-to-family enrichment positively predicted only physical health. Physical health and mental health both negatively influenced turnover. We discuss implications and opportunities for future research. PMID:21604833

Carlson, Dawn S; Grzywacz, Joseph G; Ferguson, Merideth; Hunter, Emily M; Clinch, C Randall; Arcury, Thomas A

2011-09-01

297

What we think before a voluntary movement.  

PubMed

A central feature of voluntary movement is the sense of volition, but when this sense arises in the course of movement formulation and execution is not clear. Many studies have explored how the brain might be actively preparing movement before the sense of volition; however, because the timing of the sense of volition has depended on subjective and retrospective judgments, these findings are still regarded with a degree of scepticism. EEG events such as beta event-related desynchronization and movement-related cortical potentials are associated with the brain's programming of movement. Using an optimized EEG signal derived from multiple variables, we were able to make real-time predictions of movements in advance of their occurrence with a low false-positive rate. We asked participants what they were thinking at the time of prediction: Sometimes they were thinking about movement, and other times they were not. Our results indicate that the brain can be preparing to make voluntary movements while participants are thinking about something else. PMID:23363409

Schneider, Logan; Houdayer, Elise; Bai, Ou; Hallett, Mark

2013-06-01

298

Teacher Turnover and Non-Pecuniary Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies teacher mobility using matched employee-employer panel data from Norwegian primary and lower secondary schools. The Norwegian institutional setup with completely centralized wage setting for teachers is ideal to analyze the effect of non-pecuniary job attributes on quit decisions. We find that teachers tend to leave schools with…

Falch, Torberg; Strom, Bjarne

2005-01-01

299

15 CFR 764.8 - Voluntary self-disclosures for boycott violations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary self-disclosures for boycott violations. ...MEASURES § 764.8 Voluntary self-disclosures for boycott violations. ...antiboycott provisions. Voluntary self-disclosures are a mitigating factor...

2010-01-01

300

75 FR 4833 - National Protection and Programs Directorate; Assessment Questionnaire-Voluntary Chemical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool (VCAT) AGENCY: National...Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool (VCAT). DHS previously...forms of information technology, e.g., permitting...automated assessment tool for voluntary use by...assessments, response planning, and risk...

2010-01-29

301

75 FR 78257 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Voluntary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program AGENCY: Food and...associated with the Agency's Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program (VCRP). DATES...of information technology. Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program--21 CFR...

2010-12-15

302

78 FR 9709 - Draft Guidance Regarding Voluntary Inspection of Vessels for Compliance With the Maritime Labour...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Voluntary Inspection of Vessels for Compliance With the Maritime Labour Convention...inspection of U.S. vessels for voluntary compliance with the Maritime Labour Convention...issuance of the Statement of Voluntary Compliance, Declaration of Maritime Labour...

2013-02-11

303

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence. 5.201 Section 5...Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence. (a) A holder may...case where there is evidence of mental or physical incompetence. A voluntary...

2010-10-01

304

77 FR 67743 - Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Coverage for Certain Intermittent Employees  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...under the Federal Employees Health Benefits...addition, in recognition of the fact that...other groups of employees not currently...quickly and in recognition of the hazardous conditions those employees often face,...

2012-11-14

305

Employee work–life balance outcomes in Ireland: a multilevel investigation of supervisory support and perceived organizational support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how employee perceptions of supervisory and organizational support for work–life balance, in addition to the number of work–life balance programmes available, predict a number of work–life balance outcomes including role conflict, job satisfaction, family satisfaction and turnover intentions in a sample of large private and public sector organizations in Ireland. The attitudes of HR managers towards work–life

Alma McCarthy; Jeanette N. Cleveland; Sam Hunter; Colette Darcy; Geraldine Grady

2012-01-01

306

A Chain-Retrieval Model for Voluntary Task Switching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To account for the findings obtained in voluntary task switching, this article describes and tests the chain-retrieval model. This model postulates that voluntary task selection involves retrieval of task information from long-term memory, which is then used to guide task selection and task execution. The model assumes that the retrieved…

Vandierendonck, Andre; Demanet, Jelle; Liefooghe, Baptist; Verbruggen, Frederick

2012-01-01

307

Canada's Voluntary ARET Program: Limited Success Despite Industry Cosponsorship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxins (ARET) Challenge was a voluntary program initiated in 1994 by the Government of Canada. Unlike the U.S. 33/50 Program, ARET involved industry partners in negotiation and cosponsorship of the program, with the intention that early involvement would yield stronger commitment to voluntary reductions. We…

Antweiler, Werner; Harrison, Kathryn

2007-01-01

308

The implementation mechanisms of voluntary food safety systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent food scares have been the motivation for voluntary programmes on food safety being promoted by public authorities and voluntarily implemented by food operators. In this article, we take into account the nature of the contamination risk to investigate the complementarities between private and public mechanisms for those voluntary systems to be implemented by a firm. We show two

M’hand Fares; Elodie Rouviere

2010-01-01

309

A SIMPLE MODEL OF VOLUNTARY VS MANDATORY LABELLING OF GMOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the welfare impact of the mandatory and voluntary labelling to inform consumers on GMOs content in foods. With a model of vertical differentiation in competitive markets, we evaluate the effects on price equilibrium and welfare levels. We find that the mandatory labelling scheme would be optimal in those countries with more GMO-averse consumers and no-GMOs practices producers. Voluntary

Stefanie Kirchhoff; Angelo M. Zago

2001-01-01

310

Voluntary Participation and Public Opinion in Milwaukee School Desegregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this study was to determine if a voluntary school desegregation approach is well received by the public and, if so, to see if this reception is accompanied by a significant amount of voluntary action. (Author/AM)

Smith, Philip L.

1977-01-01

311

Stress, health and well-being: the mediating role of employee and organizational commitment.  

PubMed

This study investigates the mediating impact of organizational commitment on the relationship between organizational stressors and employee health and well-being. Data were collected from 401 operator level employees working in business process outsourcing organizations (BPOs) based in New Delhi, India. In this research several dimensions from ASSET, which is an organizational stress screening tool, were used to measure employee perceptions of stressors, their commitment to the organization, their perception of the organization's commitment to them, and their health and well-being. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling on AMOS software. Results of the mediation analysis highlight both employee commitment to their organization and their perceptions of the organization's commitment to them mediate the impact of stressors on physical health and psychological well-being. All indices of the model fit were found to be above standard norms. Implications are discussed with the view to improving standards of health and well-being within the call center industry, which is a sector that has reported higher turnover rates and poor working conditions among its employees internationally. PMID:24157512

Jain, Ajay K; Giga, Sabir I; Cooper, Cary L

2013-10-01

312

Stress, Health and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Employee and Organizational Commitment  

PubMed Central

This study investigates the mediating impact of organizational commitment on the relationship between organizational stressors and employee health and well-being. Data were collected from 401 operator level employees working in business process outsourcing organizations (BPOs) based in New Delhi, India. In this research several dimensions from ASSET, which is an organizational stress screening tool, were used to measure employee perceptions of stressors, their commitment to the organization, their perception of the organization’s commitment to them, and their health and well-being. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling on AMOS software. Results of the mediation analysis highlight both employee commitment to their organization and their perceptions of the organization’s commitment to them mediate the impact of stressors on physical health and psychological well-being. All indices of the model fit were found to be above standard norms. Implications are discussed with the view to improving standards of health and well-being within the call center industry, which is a sector that has reported higher turnover rates and poor working conditions among its employees internationally.

Jain, Ajay K.; Giga, Sabir I.; Cooper, Cary L.

2013-01-01

313

Employee contract issues for dermatologists.  

PubMed

Employees and employers routinely face negotiating and preparing physician employment contracts. It is important for both sides to know and understand the basic information on what a comprehensive employment contract for a dermatologist should contain. There are various employment contract provisions from both the employee's perspective and the employer's perspective that must be considered when preparing physician employment contracts. This article provides basic advice and recommendations on requirements that should be included in such contracts. It suggests legal pitfalls that can be avoided through various contract clauses. PMID:24800433

Brown, Christopher E; Indest, George F

2013-12-01

314

76 FR 16199 - Hours of Service of Railroad Employees; Substantive Regulations for Train Employees Providing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Substantive Regulations for Train Employees Providing Commuter...Substantive Regulations for Train Employees Providing Commuter...Association (ASLRRA); American Train Dispatchers' Association... Institute of Makers of Explosives; International...

2011-03-22

315

Creating value for employees: investment in employee development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relying on a social exchange theory we examine the relationships among perceived investment in employees' development (PIED), job satisfaction, organizational commitment and intent to leave. Individual-level analyses from a sample of 405 nurses from two countries indicate that PIED is positively associated with job satisfaction and affective commitment but not with continuance commitment. As expected, job satisfaction and affective commitment

Chay Hoon Lee; Norman T. Bruvold

2003-01-01

316

Exploring Employee Engagement from the Employee Perspective: Implications for HRD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine an employee's unique experience of being engaged in their work. Design/methodology/approach: Following Yin's case study design method, researchers collected documents, conducted semi-structured interviews and recorded observations at a large multinational service corporation ranked as one of the…

Shuck, M. Brad; Rocco, Tonette S.; Albornoz, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

317

Exploring employee engagement from the employee perspective: implications for HRD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine an employee's unique experience of being engaged in their work. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Following Yin's case study design method, researchers collected documents, conducted semi-structured interviews and recorded observations at a large multinational service corporation ranked as one of the best places to work. Post data collection, content analysis is used to

M. Brad Shuck; Tonette S. Rocco; Carlos A. Albornoz

2011-01-01

318

Water turnover of healthy children measured by deuterated water elimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

For healthy children up to 15 years of age, no data exist regarding water turnover as directly measured using stable isotope techniques. Water turnover was measured in 171 healthy children (88 girls, 83 boys, age: 6 weeks–15 years) whilst living in their normal environment. Water turnover was calculated from the equilibrium of2H2O concentration reached in the urine 2–3 h after

C. Fusch; E. Hungerland; B. Scharrer; H. Moeller

1993-01-01

319

5 CFR 3902.104 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Confidentiality of employees' statements. 3902...DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR EMPLOYEES OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS...COMMISSION § 3902.104 Confidentiality of employees' statements....

2010-01-01

320

5 CFR 3902.104 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Confidentiality of employees' statements. 3902...DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR EMPLOYEES OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS...COMMISSION § 3902.104 Confidentiality of employees' statements....

2009-01-01

321

Constitutional Rights of Government Employees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The intent of this research paper is to study the evolution of the constitutional rights of government employees. There is a perception by many young and old citizens that one must give up some constitutional rights to work for the federal government. Is ...

L. L. Thomas

2001-01-01

322

Strategy, employee resistance and integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends the bulk of serious research on mergers and acquisitions (M&A) has so far focused on various fragments of the management and performance of M&A, these are: strategy research; economics research; finance research; organizational research; and human resource research. Chronicles three drivers of synergy realization: combination potential; organizational integration; and employee resistance — and their findings — finds each of

B Gould

1998-01-01

323

Valuable Employees: People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how disabled people have proven to be valuable employees, as well as how employers can accommodate their special needs. Announces availability of specific examples of how disabled people are being integrated into the work force at better than entry-level positions that provide good benefits. (Author/CH)

Tindall, Lloyd

1988-01-01

324

Assessing Employee Potentials for Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered questionnaires to abusive (N=21) and nonabusive (N=21) employees to identify potential for institutional child abuse. Results corroborated earlier findings of institutional child abuse and demonstrated an attempt at developing an assessment tool needed to screen staff who are working with the developmentally disabled and children in…

Haddock, M. Dean; McQueen, William M.

1983-01-01

325

Recruiting Employees for ESL Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Specific ideas and procedures for motivating employees to sign up for and attend classes in English are outlined. The roles of the management in general and the supervisor in particular in supporting and encouraging attendance are emphasized. These individuals are seen as important in motivating, scheduling, implementing and retaining students,…

Arlington County Public Schools, VA. REEP, Arlington Education and Employment Program.

326

Work Stress and Employee Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review and summarize the literature on work stress with particular emphasis on those studies that examined the effects of work characteristics on employee health. Although there is not convincing evidence that job stressors cause health effects, the indirect evidence is strongly suggestive of a work stress effect. This evidence comes from occupational studies that show differences in health and

Daniel C. Ganster; John Schaubroeck

1991-01-01

327

NASA grievance system: Employee handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This revised handbook updates the minimum provisions of the agency-wide Grievance System and applies to NASA Headquarters and field installations. All grievances initiated on or after June 15, 1981, will be processed under these provisions. NASA recognizes and endorses the importance of bringing to light and adjusting grievances promptly and of treating all employees reasonably and fairly. Achieving these objectives requires great competence, mature judgment, and true willingness to reach a satisfactory solution. Provisions of the NASA Grievance System are directed to this purpose. Grievances and misunderstandings can arise in almost any working situation. It follows then that an employee's initiation of a grievance in good faith should not cast any reflection on the employee's standing with his or her supervisor or loyalty and importance to the organization. At the same time, the initiation of a grievance should not automatically be considered as a reflection on the employee's supervisor or on the general management of the activity. This handbook should be used in conjunction with Office of Personnel Management regulations in 5 CFR Part 771 and Chapter 771 of the Federal Personnel Manual. Installations may issue implementing instructions, e.g. specifying when fact-finding is required or when an unresolved grievance must be referred to a higher level of authority.

1981-01-01

328

Dynamics of Adipocyte Turnover in Humans  

SciTech Connect

Obesity is increasing in an epidemic fashion in most countries and constitutes a public health problem by enhancing the risk for cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes. Owing to the increase in obesity, life expectancy may start to decrease in developed countries for the first time in recent history. The factors determining fat mass in adult humans are not fully understood, but increased lipid storage in already developed fat cells is thought to be most important. We show that adipocyte number is a major determinant for the fat mass in adults. However, the number of fat cells stays constant in adulthood in lean and obese and even under extreme conditions, indicating that the number of adipocytes is set during childhood and adolescence. To establish the dynamics within the stable population of adipocytes in adults, we have measured adipocyte turnover by analyzing the integration of {sup 14}C derived from nuclear bomb tests in genomic DNA. Approximately 10% of fat cells are renewed annually at all adult ages and levels of body mass index. Neither adipocyte death nor generation rate is altered in obesity, suggesting a tight regulation of fat cell number that is independent of metabolic profile in adulthood. The high turnover of adipocytes establishes a new therapeutic target for pharmacological intervention in obesity.

Spalding, K; Arner, E; Westermark, P; Bernard, S; Buchholz, B; Bergmann, O; Blomqvist, L; Hoffstedt, J; Naslund, E; Britton, T; Concha, H; Hassan, M; Ryden, M; Frisen, J; Arner, P

2007-07-16

329

The "Seven Cs" for Employee Retention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines the "Seven Cs," traditional yet effective business fundamentals used to engage employees. Discusses how many companies are leveraging the basics of good employee relations in order to inspire staff productivity and loyalty. (GCP)

Taguchi, Sherrie Gong

2001-01-01

330

Retaining Employees in Your Worksite Wellness Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Keep Employees on the Job and Healthy (Exploring the Wellness Needs of Employees with Disabilities); Diversify & Strengthen Your Worksite Wellness Activities (Designing Incentives & Accommodations); Aging Into Disabilities in the Workplace (The ...

2012-01-01

331

38 CFR 17.507 - Employee responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 17.507 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.507 Employee responsibilities. (a) All VA employees and other...

2013-07-01

332

The Employee Diversity Team Needs You! | Poster  

Cancer.gov

The Employee Diversity Team (EDT) is looking for bright, talented, and committed Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research (FNL) employees—both government and contractor—who want to share in the team’s mission.

333

The spinal reflex cannot be perceptually separated from voluntary movements.  

PubMed

Both voluntary and involuntary movements activate sensors in the muscles, skin, tendon and joints. As limb movement can result from a mixture of spinal reflexes and voluntary motor commands, the cortical centres underlying conscious proprioception might either aggregate or separate the sensory inputs generated by voluntary movements from those generated by involuntary movements such as spinal reflexes. We addressed whether healthy volunteers could perceive the contribution of a spinal reflex during movements that combined both reflexive and voluntary contributions. Volunteers reported the reflexive contribution in leg movements that were partly driven by the knee-jerk reflex induced by a patellar tendon tap and partly by voluntary motor control. In one condition, participants were instructed to kick back in response to a tendon tap. The results were compared to reflexes in a resting baseline condition without voluntary movement. In a further condition, participants were instructed to kick forwards after a tap. Volunteers reported the perceived reflex contribution by repositioning the leg to the perceived maximum displacement to which the reflex moved the leg after each tendon tap. In the resting baseline condition, the reflex was accurately perceived. We found a near-unity slope of linear regressions of perceived on actual reflexive displacement. Both the slope value and the quality of regression fit in individual volunteers were significantly reduced when volunteers were instructed to generate voluntary backward kicks as soon as they detected the tap. In the kick forward condition, kinematic analysis showed continuity of reflex and voluntary movements, but the reflex contribution could be estimated from electromyography (EMG) recording on each trial. Again, participants' judgements of reflexes showed a poor relation to reflex EMG, in contrast to the baseline condition. In sum, we show that reflexes can be accurately perceived from afferent information. However, the presence of voluntary movement significantly impairs reflex perception. We suggest that perceptual separation between voluntary and reflex movement is poor at best. Our results imply that the brain has no clear marker for perceptually separating voluntary and involuntary movement. Attribution of body movement to voluntary or involuntary motor commands is surprisingly poor when both are present. PMID:24060990

Ghosh, Arko; Haggard, Patrick

2014-01-01

334

Ecological Research of the Voluntary Disclosure about Listed Companies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the paper, the research subject is the ecological relationship between the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises(SMEs) and the Large-scale Enterprises(Les). From the perspective of ecology, setting up the competitive model basic on the Logistic model, and carrying out further analysis about the voluntary information disclosure of listed company, then getting the strategic choice about the voluntary information disclosure and the ecological explanation of false information, and the dynamic mechanism and strategy of the voluntary information disclosure of listed company.

Hu, Jing-Jing; Yan, Guang-Le

335

Patterning employee voice in multinational companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employee voice has been an enduring theme within the employment relations literature.This article profiles the incidence of a range of direct and indirect employee voice mechanisms within multinational companies (MNCs) and, using an analytical framework, identifies a number of different approaches to employee voice. Drawing from a highly representative sample of MNCs in Ireland, we point to quite a significant

Jonathan Lavelle; Patrick Gunnigle; Anthony McDonnell

2010-01-01

336

Employee Ownership and Democracy in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains three American forms of employee-owned companies. The Mock Conventional firm models its legal structure after conventional enterprises, with shares held primarily by employees. The Employee Stock Ownership Plan regulates the shareholding patterns of ESOP firms. The Producer Cooperative guarantees each member an equal voice in corporate…

Toscano, David J.

1981-01-01

337

Employees' Perceptions of Restaurant Brand Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how employees perceive restaurant brand image and the factors that affect those perceptions. An extensive review of the literature indicated a need for a better understanding of this area, which is related to both employee training and job satisfaction, and how it affects a restaurants brand image. Using survey data collected from employees in casual-dining chain restaurants,

Yoonkyung Hur; Howard Adler

2011-01-01

338

Sexual Harassment: Experiences of University Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined Central Michigan University employees' (N=449) sexual harassment experiences through employee survey. Found that (1) more women than men reported sexual harassment; (2) most common harassers cited were male co-workers, administrators, and maintenance employees; (3) harassment most frequently attributed to working conditions and hours; (4)…

Goodwin, Megan P.; And Others

1989-01-01

339

Employers' Perspectives of Employees' Personal Financial Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to determine employers' perspectives of employees' personal financial literacy. Executives rated credit card use and budgeting as the most important personal financial literacy skills that employees should have. They stated that strong personal financial literacy skills allow an employee to focus on work activity…

Davis, Rita; Carnes, Lana

2005-01-01

340

Corporate social responsibility and employee commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective corporate social responsibility policies are a requirement for today's companies. Policies have not only to be formulated, they also have to be delivered by corporate employees. This paper uses existing research findings to identify two types of factors that may impact on employee motivation and commitment to CSR ‘buy-in’. The first of these is contextual: employee attitudes and behaviours

Jane Collier; Rafael Esteban

2007-01-01

341

5 CFR 843.309 - Basic employee death benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Basic employee death benefit. 843.309 Section 843.309... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.309 Basic employee death benefit. (a) Except as...

2009-01-01

342

The Relationship between Occupational Stress, Burnout, and Turnover Intention among Managerial Staff from a Sino-Japanese Joint Venture in Guangzhou, China.  

PubMed

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the associations between occupational stress, burnout and turnover intention and explore their associated factors among managerial staff in Guangzhou, China. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 288 managerial employees from a Sino-Japanese joint venture automobile manufacturing enterprise in Guangzhou. The questionnaire included questions about sociodemographic characteristics, smoking, drinking and physical activity and the Chinese versio ns of the Occupational Stress Indicator (OSI), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS). The response rate was 57.6%. Stepwise regression analysis was performed to examine the associations between burnout and occupational stress and turnover intention and related factors. Results: The respondents had a high level burnout on the personal accomplishment subscale and had a high prevalence of turnover intention. Neuroticism, psychoticism, job satisfaction, occupational stress and social support were strong predictors of emotional exhaustion. Psychoticism, passive coping, occupational stress, objective support, utilization of support, male gender and job satisfaction were strong predictors of depersonalization. Active and passive coping and job satisfaction were strong predictors of personal accomplishment. Job dissatisfaction and emotional exhaustion were strong predictors of turnover intention.Conclusions: High occupational stress and low job satisfaction were associated with high burnout, particularly in the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization dimensions. Low job satisfaction and high emotional exhaustion were associated with high turnover intention among employees. Personality traits, social support and coping style were also found to be associated with burnout.(J Occup Health 2013; 55: 458-467). PMID:24025859

Lin, Qiu-Hong; Jiang, Chao-Qiang; Lam, Tai Hing

2014-03-19

343

Alterations in bone turnover in HIV-positive patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Changes in mineral metabolism have recently been described in AIDS patients. To determine whether such changes affect bone turnover and bone mass, we studied 16 HIV-seropositive patients, classified according to Centers for Disease Control criteria, and 27 healthy controls. Biochemical markers of bone turnover and bone mineral density were analyzed. Serum concentrations of osteocalcin were abnormally low (0.5 ±

J. Hernández Quero; N. Ortega Centeno; M. Mufioz-Torres; Maria Angeles Martinez Pérez; J. M. de la Higuera Torres-Puchol

1993-01-01

344

Analysis of the Educational Personnel System: IV. Teacher Turnover.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report attempts to predict the rates of teacher turnover in the 1970s, which teachers will leave the profession, and what the effects of turnover will be on the educational personnel system. The overall termination rate has varied from six to 11 percent over the last 15 years. An analysis of recent changes in the teaching profession is used…

Keeler, Emmett B.

345

Organizational Characteristics Associated with Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The association between certified nurse aide, licensed practical nurse, and registered nurse turnover and the organizational characteristics of nursing homes are examined. Design and Methods: Hypotheses for eight organizational characteristics are examined (staffing levels, top management turnover, resident case mix, facility quality,…

Castle, Nicholas G.; Engberg, John

2006-01-01

346

Understanding the Impacts of Induction Programs on Beginning Teacher Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines impacts of mentoring and induction activities on beginning teacher turnover using the School and Staffing Survey (SASS) of 1999-2000 and the Teacher Follow-up Survey (TFS) of 2000-2001. In order to improve understanding of the influence of induction programs on beginning teacher turnover, three models are developed to achieve…

Kang, Seok

2010-01-01

347

Estimating Cause: Teacher Turnover and School Effectiveness in Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is investigate issues related to within-school teacher supply and school-specific teacher turnover within the state of Michigan using state administrative data on Michigan's teaching force. This paper 1) investigates the key predictors of teacher turnover and mobility, 2) develops a profile of schools that are likely to…

Keesler, Venessa; Schneider, Barbara

2010-01-01

348

Predicting Turnover: Validating the Intent to Leave Child Welfare Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of proxies have been used in child welfare workforce research to represent actual turnover; however, there have been no psychometric studies to validate a scale specifically designed for this purpose. The Intent to Leave Child Welfare Scale is a proxy for actual turnover that measures workers' intention to leave. This scale was…

Auerbach, Charles; Schudrich, Wendy Zeitlin; Lawrence, Catherine K.; Claiborne, Nancy; McGowan, Brenda G.

2014-01-01

349

Organizational Characteristics Associated With Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The association between certified nurse aide, licensed practical nurse, and registered nurse turnover and the organizational characteristics of nursing homes are examined. Design and Meth- ods: Hypotheses for eight organizational character- istics are examined (staffing levels, top management turnover, resident case mix, facility quality, owner- ship, chain membership, size, and Medicaid census), using Online Survey, Certification, and Reporting (known

Nicholas G. Castle; John Engberg

2006-01-01

350

Adjustment, turnover, and performance: the deployment of minority expatriates  

Microsoft Academic Search

While in the domestic work environment, minorities are more likely to have turnover intentions and receive lower performance evaluations; the findings in this study indicate that minorities, when deployed overseas, receive higher performance evaluations than Caucasian expatriates. For Caucasian expatriates, cultural adaptability improved interaction adjustment and reduced turnover intentions, but not to the extent to which minority status improved these

Marshall Pattie; Laura Parks

2011-01-01

351

Employee incentives in the healthcare industry.  

PubMed

*Employee incentives are an important part of a radiology department's ability to attract and maintain employees. For incentive programs to be successful, radiology managers must diligently look for the incentives that motivate each particular employee. *The types of incentives being used frequently in the field of healthcare vary between technical, managerial, and executive positions. The process of identifying the right employee incentive for each group of individuals may be challenging, but if the result is a more productive and satisfied group of employees, the process is worth the effort. PMID:18318359

McKinnies, Richard C; Collins, Sandra K; Collins, Kevin S

2008-01-01

352

NVLAP (National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program) Assessor Selection and Training,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The role and importance of 'peer' assessors in the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) is discussed. Procedures for identification, evaluation, and selection of assessors are described, and the elements of assessor orientation and ...

H. W. Berger

1987-01-01

353

44 CFR 332.3 - Carrying out voluntary agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01...voluntary agreements. 332.3 Section 332.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...

2013-10-01

354

44 CFR 332.2 - Developing voluntary agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01...voluntary agreements. 332.2 Section 332.2 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...

2013-10-01

355

44 CFR 332.4 - Termination or modifying voluntary agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01...voluntary agreements. 332.4 Section 332.4 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...

2013-10-01

356

Voluntary and Involuntary Attention Affect Face Discrimination Differently  

PubMed Central

Do voluntary (endogenous) and involuntary (exogenous) attention have the same perceptual consequences? Here we used fMRI to examine activity in the fusiform face area (FFA-a region in ventral visual cortex responsive to faces) and frontal-parietal areas (dorsal regions involved in spatial attention) under voluntary and involuntary spatial cueing conditions. The trial and stimulus parameters were identical for both cueing conditions. However, the cue predicted the location of an upcoming target face in the voluntary condition but was nonpredictive in the involuntary condition. The predictable cue-condition led to increased activity in the FFA compared to the nonpredictable cue-condition. These results show that voluntary attention leads to more activity in areas of the brain associated with face processing than involuntary attention, and they are consistent with differential behavioral effects of attention on recognition-related processes.

Esterman, Michael; Prinzmetal, William; DeGutis, Joe; Landau, Ayelet; Hazeltine, Eliot; Verstynen, Timothy; Robertson, Lynn

2008-01-01

357

NVLAP (National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program) Assessment and Evaluation Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual explains the role of an assessor and evaluator under the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). Policies, procedures, and techniques for conducting a NVLAP on-site assessment of a testing laboratory are described. Deficie...

P. S. Unger

1985-01-01

358

Improving voluntary environmental management programs: facilitating learning and adaptation.  

PubMed

Environmental planners and managers face unique challenges understanding and documenting the effectiveness of programs that rely on voluntary actions by private landowners. Programs, such as those aimed at reducing nonpoint source pollution or improving habitat, intend to reach those goals by persuading landowners to adopt behaviors and management practices consistent with environmental restoration and protection. Our purpose with this paper is to identify barriers for improving voluntary environmental management programs and ways to overcome them. We first draw upon insights regarding data, learning, and adaptation from the adaptive management and performance management literatures, describing three key issues: overcoming information constraints, structural limitations, and organizational culture. Although these lessons are applicable to a variety of voluntary environmental management programs, we then present the issues in the context of on-going research for nonpoint source water quality pollution. We end the discussion by highlighting important elements for advancing voluntary program efforts. PMID:21384272

Genskow, Kenneth D; Wood, Danielle M

2011-05-01

359

Improving Voluntary Environmental Management Programs: Facilitating Learning and Adaptation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental planners and managers face unique challenges understanding and documenting the effectiveness of programs that rely on voluntary actions by private landowners. Programs, such as those aimed at reducing nonpoint source pollution or improving habitat, intend to reach those goals by persuading landowners to adopt behaviors and management practices consistent with environmental restoration and protection. Our purpose with this paper is to identify barriers for improving voluntary environmental management programs and ways to overcome them. We first draw upon insights regarding data, learning, and adaptation from the adaptive management and performance management literatures, describing three key issues: overcoming information constraints, structural limitations, and organizational culture. Although these lessons are applicable to a variety of voluntary environmental management programs, we then present the issues in the context of on-going research for nonpoint source water quality pollution. We end the discussion by highlighting important elements for advancing voluntary program efforts.

Genskow, Kenneth D.; Wood, Danielle M.

2011-05-01

360

Time-Frequency Methods in a Study of Voluntary Movements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two methods operating in time-frequency space were applied to analysis of brain activity accompanying voluntary finger movements. The first one, based on Matching Pursuit approach, provided high-resolution distributions of power in time-frequency space. T...

J. J. Ginter K. J. Blinowska M. Kaminski P. J. Durka

2001-01-01

361

75 FR 72751 - Voluntary Mergers of Federal Home Loan Banks  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2590-AA37 Voluntary Mergers of Federal Home Loan Banks AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION: Notice...HERA) amended section 26 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (Bank Act) to permit any Federal Home Loan Bank (Bank)...

2010-11-26

362

Prevention of infection in voluntary surgical contraception.  

PubMed

The prevention of infections requires serious attention from personnel of voluntary surgical contraception programs. Preoperative antisepsis of the skin, use of careful surgical handwashing, sterilization of high-level disinfection of surgical equipment, and meticulous surgical technique are essential to prevent the occurrence of all types of infection. Screening clients for pre-existing infection, especially tubal infection, is important. Preferred antiseptics for both the surgical scrub and skin preparation of the patient are iodophors such as Betadine and chlorhexidine preparation such as Hibitane. Also effective are hexochlorophene (e.g., pHisoHex) for the surgical scrub and tincture of iodine for the operative site. Thorough cleaning and steam autoclaving to sterilize heat stable items and glutaraldehyde soaking to disinfect laparoscopes have become accepted standards. Small incisions, careful nontraumatic tissue handling, and excellent hemostasis all contribute to reduce infection risks. If unsuspected active pelvic infection is encountered at the time of minilaparotomy or laparoscopy, the tubes should not be occluded. Clients undergoing surgical sterilization should be instructed in how to care for their incision, what side effects to expect, when to resume normal activity, and what to do if complications develop. Clients must understand the importance of seeking immediate medical care if the incision becomes inflamed or tender, if there is bleeding, or if fever develops. Good follow up and reporting of infections will also produce data that can identify programs with excessive rates of poststerilization infection so that remedial measures can be taken. PMID:12341653

Porter, C W

1987-03-01

363

Perceived coercion in voluntary hospital admission.  

PubMed

The legal status of service users admitted to psychiatric wards is not synonymous with the level of coercion that they can perceive during the admission. This study aimed to identify and describe the proportion of individuals who were admitted voluntarily but experienced levels of perceived coercion comparable to those admitted involuntarily. Individuals admitted voluntarily and involuntarily to three psychiatric hospitals were interviewed using the MacArthur Admission Experience Interview and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV diagnoses. One hundered sixty-one individuals were interviewed and 22% of the voluntarily admitted service users had levels of perceived coercion similar to that of the majority of involuntarily admitted service users. Voluntarily admitted service users who experienced high levels of perceived coercion were more likely to have more severe psychotic symptoms, have experienced more negative pressures and less procedural justices on admission. Individuals brought to hospital under mental health legislation but who subsequently agreed to be admitted voluntarily and those treated on a secure ward also reported higher levels of perceived coercion. It needs to be ensured that if any service user, whether voluntary or involuntary, experiences treatment pressures or coercion that there is sufficient oversight of the practice, to ensure that individual's rights are respected. PMID:24210740

O'Donoghue, Brian; Roche, Eric; Shannon, Stephen; Lyne, John; Madigan, Kevin; Feeney, Larkin

2014-01-30

364

Monetary reward speeds up voluntary saccades  

PubMed Central

Past studies have shown that reward contingency is critical for sensorimotor learning, and reward expectation speeds up saccades in animals. Whether monetary reward speeds up saccades in human remains unknown. Here we addressed this issue by employing a conditional saccade task, in which human subjects performed a series of non-reflexive, visually-guided horizontal saccades. The subjects were (or were not) financially compensated for making a saccade in response to a centrally-displayed visual congruent (or incongruent) stimulus. Reward modulation of saccadic velocities was quantified independently of the amplitude-velocity coupling. We found that reward expectation significantly sped up voluntary saccades up to 30°/s, and the reward modulation was consistent across tests. These findings suggest that monetary reward speeds up saccades in human in a fashion analogous to how juice reward sped up saccades in monkeys. We further noticed that the idiosyncratic nasal-temporal velocity asymmetry was highly consistent regardless of test order, and its magnitude was not correlated with the magnitude of reward modulation. This suggests that reward modulation and the intrinsic velocity asymmetry may be governed by separate mechanisms that regulate saccade generation.

Chen, Lewis L.; Chen, Y. Mark; Zhou, Wu; Mustain, William D.

2014-01-01

365

Do associations between employee self-reported organizational assessments and attitudinal outcomes change over time? An analysis of four Veterans Health Administration surveys using structural equation modelling.  

PubMed

This paper evaluates relationships between healthcare employees' perceptions of three hospital organizational constructs (Leadership, Support and Resources), and their assessment of two employee-related outcomes (employee satisfaction and retention) and two patient-related outcomes (patient satisfaction and quality of care). Using four all-employee surveys conducted by the Veterans Health Administration in the United States between 1997 and 2006, we examine the strength of these relationships and their changes over time. Exposure and outcome measures are employee-assessed in all the surveys. Because it can accommodate both latent and measured variables into the model, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) is used to capture and quantify the relationship structure. The aim of the project is to identify possible intervention foci. The analyses revealed that employee-related outcomes are improved by increases in Leadership and Support, and, not surprisingly, the outcome variable of employee satisfaction reduced turnover intention. The employee assessed patient-related outcomes of satisfaction and quality of care were most improved by increases in Resources. Results also indicate that the three organizational constructs and the web of associations characterized by SEM underwent changes over the study period, perhaps in relation to changes in VHA policy emphases, changes in survey wording and other possible unmeasured factors. PMID:22025392

Das, Sonali; Chen, Ming-Hui; Warren, Nicholas; Hodgson, Michael

2011-12-01

366

Enrollment in Mental Health Courts: Voluntariness, Knowingness, and Adjudicative Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health courts (MHCs) are rapidly expanding as a form of diversion from jails and prisons for persons with mental illness\\u000a charged with crimes. Although intended to be voluntary, little is known about this aspect of the courts. We examined perceptions\\u000a of voluntariness, and levels of knowingness and legal competence among 200 newly enrolled clients of MHCs at two courts.

Allison D. Redlich; Steven Hoover; Alicia Summers; Henry J. Steadman

2010-01-01

367

Design of voluntary sustainability initiatives for supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Voluntary sustainability initiatives such as codes of conduct, certification schemes or environmental\\/social management systems\\u000a have become the predominant applied approach for companies to specify proactive environmental or social obligations for supply\\u000a chains. However, companies face two main challenges in the design of voluntary sustainability initiatives for their supply\\u000a chains: Firstly, they recognize acceptance problems by stakeholders and supply chain partners

Nils Peters

368

Voluntary Anonymous Reporting of Medical Errors for Neonatal Intensive Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Medical errors cause signifi- cant morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Specialty-based, voluntary reporting of medical errors by health care providers is an important strategy that may enhance patient safety. We developed a voluntary, anon- ymous, Internet-based reporting system for medical er- rors in neonatal intensive care, evaluated its feasibility, and identified errors that affect high-risk neonates and their

Gautham Suresh; Jeffrey D. Horbar; Paul Plsek; James Gray; William H. Edwards; Patricia H. Shiono; Robert Ursprung

2010-01-01

369

Voluntary childlessness and the nurse's role.  

PubMed

Society's pronatalist orientation puts tremendous pressure on couples who prefer to be childfree. Nurses play an important role in assisting couples in making rational, educated decisions about parenthood. However, before they can counsel couples on the issue of parenthood vs. voluntary childlessness, nurses should examine their own feelings toward parenthood. In counseling, nurses should be nonjudgmental and should be supportive of a couple's decision to have or not to have children. Other steps can be taken, including: 1) organizing a self-help group for young couples who are coping with parenting questions and pressures, or referring couples to a local branch of the National Alliance for Optional Parenthood, a community, non-profit organization that serves parents, staunch childfree couples, and those trying to make up their minds; and 2) suggesting good reading materials on topic of optional parenthood (A Baby? Maybe: A Guide... by E.M. Whelan; The Baby Trap by Ellen Peck; Mother's Day is Over by Shirley Radl). Economic concerns, marital problems, or responsibilities toward older parents may complicate a couple's decision to have a baby or not. The nurse can help the couple in these matters, by helping them assess the pros and cons of each situation, if possible pointing out such facts as: 1) increase in divorce rate and in marital separation after the birth of the first child or when the child leaves home; 2) the unhappiness of aging parents at nursing homes who are seldom contacted by their children; and 3) childfree marriages do survive and in some cases are happier than those with children. Couples who like children but do not want any of their own can be encouraged to contribute their time, energy, and talents to their community and society. PMID:6776373

Rosenthal, T

1980-01-01

370

Exploring Increased Productivity Through Employee Engagement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Disengaged employees cost U.S. companies billions of dollars annually in lowered productivity, a cost which has been compounded by the difficult economic situations in the country. The potential for increasing productivity through increased employee engagement was examined in this study. Using personal engagement theory and the theory of planned behavior, the purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore how the experiences of salaried aerospace employees affected productivity and the financial performance of an organization. Interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 20 aerospace employees whose responses were codified and analyzed to identify themes. The analysis indicated that (a) the lived experiences of employees influenced employee engagement, (b) employee engagement affects organizational commitment and performance, and (c) trust and respect and leadership are essential components to keep employees engaged. Eighty percent of the participants indicated that as employee engagement increases so too does organizational performance. The implications for positive social change include new insights for leaders seeking to increase productivity and financial performance, and to support employee engagement for maintaining sustainability, retaining talent, increasing profits, and improving the economy.

Richards, Wayne K., Jr.

371

Morphine and endorphins modulate dopamine turnover in rat median eminence.  

PubMed Central

The is evidence that some of the actions of both endogenous and exogenous opioids (e.g., stimulation of prolactin release) are mediated by interaction with catecholaminergic systems. Morphine (1.67, 5, and 15 mg/kg of body weight, intraperitoneally) altered dopamine turnover as measured by the alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine method in the median eminence, neostriatum, and frontal cortex of male Sprague-Dawley rats. The turnover rate of dopamine was reduced in the median eminence and frontal cortex but accelerated in the neostriatum. In the frontal cortex all doses were effective in decreasing dopamine turnover; however, in the median eminence the lowest dose of morphine did not significantly alter dopamine turnover. All three doses accelerated dopamine turnover in the neostriatum. Naloxone effectively reversed the effects of morphine at all doses in all brain areas, whereas it had no effect on turnover when given alone. In the median eminence, neostriatum, and frontal cortex, intraventricular injection of [D-Ala2,D-Leu5]-enkephalin (25 micrograms) or beta-endorphin (15 micrograms) produced the same effects on dopamine turnover as morphine. The actions of these peptides were blocked by naloxone. It is hypothesized that opiates and opioid peptides increase prolactin release by reducing the activity of the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic system.

Deyo, S N; Swift, R M; Miller, R J

1979-01-01

372

Evaluating an employee wellness program.  

PubMed

What criteria should be used to evaluate the impact of a new employee wellness program when the initial vendor contract expires? Published academic literature focuses on return-on-investment as the gold standard for wellness program evaluation, and a recent meta-analysis concludes that wellness programs can generate net savings after one or two years. In contrast, surveys indicate that fewer than half of these programs report net savings, and actuarial analysts argue that return-on-investment is an unrealistic metric for evaluating new programs. These analysts argue that evaluation of new programs should focus on contract management issues, such as the vendor's ability to: (i) recruit employees to participate and (ii) induce behavior change. We compute difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimates of the impact of a wellness program implemented by a mid-sized employer. The analysis includes one year of pre-implementation data and three years of post-implementation data. We find that the program successfully recruited a broad spectrum of employees to participate, and it successfully induced short-term behavior change, as manifested by increased preventive screening. However, the effects on health care expenditures are positive (but insignificant). If it is unrealistic to expect new programs to significantly reduce healthcare costs in a few years, then focusing on return-on-investment as the gold standard metric may lead to early termination of potentially useful wellness programs. Focusing short-term analysis of new programs on short-term measures may provide a more realistic evaluation strategy. PMID:23749214

Mukhopadhyay, Sankar; Wendel, Jeanne

2013-12-01

373

Prepare employees for customer contact  

SciTech Connect

Company policies that should be established to assist management to direct employees to want to do whatever must be done to achieve the company's goals are discussed. Each service department should have a written policy on how to deal with customers so that the company's image of high quality service will be maintained, no matter what the service technician may run into in the field. Many companies spend considerable money each year to promote their image through advertising. They should also continue to promote their image after the service call has been dispatched.

Keeler, J.A.

1984-12-01

374

Turnover of cytokeratin polypeptides in mouse hepatocytes  

SciTech Connect

The turnover of cytokeratin polypeptides A (equivalent to No. 8 of the human cytokeratin catalog) and D (equivalent to human cytokeratin No. 18) of mouse hepatocytes was studied by pulse-labeling of mouse liver proteins after intraperitoneal injection of L-(guanido{sup 14}C)arginine and ({sup 14}C)sodium bicarbonate. With L-(guanido-{sup 14}C)arginine a rapid increase in the specific radioactivity of both cytokeratins was observed which reached a plateau between 12 and 24 h. With ({sup 14}C)sodium bicarbonate maximal specific radioactivity was obtained at 6 h followed by a rapid decrease to half maximum values within the subsequent 6 h and then a slower decrease. Half-lives were determined from the decrease of specific radioactivities after pulse-labeling by least-squares plots and found to be 84 h (for cytokeratin component A) and 104 h (component D) for arginine labeling . Values obtained after bicarbonate labeling were similar (95 h for A and 98 h for D). These results show that liver cytokeratins are relatively stable proteins and suggest that components A and D are synthesized and degraded at similar rates, probably in a coordinate way.

Denk, H.; Lackinger, E.; Zatloukal, K. (Univ. of Graz (Austria)); Franke, W.W. (German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (West Germany))

1987-11-01

375

Sildenafil Stimulates Aqueous Humor Turnover in Rabbits  

PubMed Central

Sildenafil citrate increases ocular blood flow and accelerates the rate of anterior chamber refilling after paracentesis. The latter effect could have resulted from a reduction in outflow facility or from an increase in aqueous humor (AH) production. In this study, we used scanning ocular fluorophotometry to examine the effects of sildenafil on AH turnover, and thus, AH production in eyes of live normal rabbits. For this, the rate of aqueous humor flow (AHF) was quantified with a commercially available fluorophotometer that measured the rate of fluorescein clearance from the anterior segment, which predominantly occurs via the trabecular meshwork. After ? 2 hrs of control scans to determine the baseline rate of AHF, the rabbits were fed 33 mg of sildenafil and allowed ? 45 min for the drug to enter the systemic circulation. Thereafter, fluorescence scans were retaken for an additional 90–120 min. Sildenafil ingestion increased AHF by about 36%, from 2.31 ?L/min to 3.14 ?L/min (P< 0.001, as two-tailed paired data, n= 20 eyes). This observation indicates that sildenafil citrate, which is a phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor currently marketed as a vasodilator (e.g., Viagra, Revatio), stimulates AHF in rabbits. Our results seem consistent with reports indicating that the drug dilates intraocular arteries and augments intraocular vascular flow. These physiological responses to the agent apparently led to increased fluid entry into the anterior chamber. As such, the drug might have utility in patients with ocular hypotony resulting from insufficient AH formation.

Alvarez, Lawrence J.; Zamudio, Aldo C.; Candia, Oscar A.

2013-01-01

376

Employee and customer satisfaction in healthcare.  

PubMed

There were multiple factors identified in a literature review that have a relationship to customer satisfaction, customer loyalty, employee satisfaction, and links between employee and customer satisfaction. Some of the factors identified were communication, wait times, perceived value, trust, dissatisfaction with management, changes in the workplace, vision,and fun at work. Managers must identify these topics to ensure customer satisfaction, customer loyalty,and employee satisfaction which will ultimately have a positive impact on their organizations. PMID:22279715

Jackson, Todd; Wood, Ben D

2010-01-01

377

Employee stock option exercises an empirical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the exercise behavior of over 50,000 employees who hold longterm options on employer stock at eight corporations. Employees typically exercise options years before expiration, commonly sacrificing half of the Black-Scholes value. Exercise is strongly associated with recent stock price movements, the market-to-strike ratio, proximity to vesting dates, time to maturity, volatility, and the employee's level within the

Steven Huddart; Mark Lang

1996-01-01

378

Role ambiguity, employee gender, and workplace friendship.  

PubMed

The importance of workplace friendship is recognized by researchers and practitioners, but its antecedents with respect to work roles are not well understood. Employees' gender might moderate a relationship between work roles and friendships. Data from a survey of 221 international tourist hotel employees showed that a key aspect of job support, role ambiguity, was negatively related to having workplace friendships. However, employees' gender did not moderate this relationship. Role clarity (the opposite of role ambiguity) may facilitate workplace friendships. PMID:22897079

Chen, Chien-Yu; Mao, Hsiao-Yen; Hsieh, An-Tien

2012-06-01

379

76 FR 50359 - Hours of Service of Railroad Employees; Substantive Regulations for Train Employees Providing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Substantive Regulations for Train Employees Providing Commuter...significantly different approach. Train employees on freight railroads...Association (ASLRRA); American Train Dispatchers' Association... Institute of Makers of Explosives; International...

2011-08-12

380

41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 27-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.50-Inventory Management Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines § 109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover...

2013-07-01

381

41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 27-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.50-Inventory Management Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines § 109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover...

2010-07-01

382

41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 27-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.50-Inventory Management Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines § 109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover...

2009-07-01

383

Predictors of workforce turnover in a transported treatment program.  

PubMed

This study examined relations between workforce turnover and select clinician (demographic and professional characteristics and perceptions of treatment model features and job requirements) organizational (perceptions of organizational climate and structure) and program level (salary, case mix) variables in a sample of 453 clinicians across 45 organizations participating in a transportability study of an empirically supported adolescent treatment (i.e., MST). At 20% annually, turnover was lower than in the national mental health workforce (i.e., 50-60%). Clinician demographic, professional background, and perceptions of the treatment model and demands did not predict turnover. Perceptions of an emotionally demanding organizational climate, program salary level, and program case mix of youth did predict turnover. PMID:16767507

Sheidow, Ashli J; Schoenwald, Sonja K; Wagner, H Ryan; Allred, Charlene A; Burns, Barbara J

2007-01-01

384

Organisational Commitment and Committee Turnover of Volunteers in Sport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 328 volunteers serving on sports committees in Australia found that organizational commitment was higher in organizations with open decision making, conflict resolution, and attention to group process. Positive, effective committee functioning led to lower turnover. (SK)

Cuskelly, Graham

1998-01-01

385

Autoradiographic imaging of phosphoinositide turnover in the brain  

SciTech Connect

With ({sup 3}H)cytidine as a precursor, phosphoinositide turnover can be localized in brain slices by selective autoradiography of the product ({sup 3}H)cytidine diphosphate diacylglycerol, which is membrane-bound. In the cerebellum, glutamatergic stimulation elicits an increase of phosphoinositide turnover only in Purkinje cells and the molecular layer. In the hippocampus, both glutamatergic and muscarinic cholinergic stimulation increase phosphoinositide turnover, but with distinct localizations. Cholinergic stimulation affects CA1, CA3, CA4, and subiculum, whereas glutamatergic effects are restricted to the subiculum and CA3. Imaging phosphoinositide turnover in brain slices, which are amenable to electrophysiologic studies, will permit a dynamic localized analysis of regulation of this second messenger in response to synaptic stimulation of specific neuronal pathways.

Hwang, P.M.; Bredt, D.S.; Snyder, S.H. (Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (USA))

1990-08-17

386

Organizational Commitment and Managerial Turnover: A Longitudinal Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study investigates the relationship between organizational commitment and turnover among management trainees. The study utilized a fifteen-month longitudinal design which was carried out from the first day of each of the trainee's employment through t...

L. W. Porter W. J. Crampon F. J. Smith

1972-01-01

387

Target Director Turnover in Acquisitions: A Conceptual Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTManuscript Type: ConceptualResearch Question/Issue: Post-acquisition director turnover is a complex and multi-faceted phenomenon that needs to be examined beyond the agency lens. In this article, we examine the likelihood of non-executive director turnover in target firms following an acquisition.Research Findings/Result: Acquisitions present an interesting case where conflict of interests may arise between shareholders and directors. This study proposes that the

Yong Li; Ruth V. Aguilera

2008-01-01

388

49 CFR 219.403 - Voluntary referral policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...control over the employee's alcohol or drug problem. The policy...to have been involved in an alcohol or drug-related disciplinary...that, in order to invoke its benefits, the employee must report...compliance with the railroad's alcohol and drug rules consistent...

2013-10-01

389

Towards Effective Employee Communications: A Uses and Gratifications Approach to Employee Newsletter Readership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 320 employees of Honeywell, Inc., was conducted to collect data on interactions between employees' levels of integration into the organizational hierarchy, amount and type of employee newsletter reading, and purposes for reading newsletters (keeping track of friends, finding out what was going on in the company, improving one's…

Pavlik, John V.; And Others

390

Elder Care, Employees, and the Workplace. Findings from a Survey of Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was distributed to 27,832 employees of 33 Portland-area businesses in 1987 to determine how many employees had responsibilities to care for elderly persons and what those responsibilities were. A total of 9,573 survey forms were returned and analyzed. The results of the survey showed that nearly one in four employees reported caring for…

Neal, Margaret B.; And Others

391

Give the Employee What He Wants in the Corporate Newspaper: Improve Employee Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undertaken to isolate employee characteristics and to determine how they relate to several aspects of employee attitudes toward the corporate newspaper, this study measured the characteristics of employee tenure, job rank, and perceived "self-newspaper" agreement on the manner in which topics were handled within corporate publications. The random…

Surlin, Stuart H.; Walker, Barry

392

Employee Protection and Tax Deductibility Issues when Insuring Employee Benefits through a Captive Insurance Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two recent Department of Labor (DOL) decisions have cleared the way for captive insurance subsidiaries to insure the employee benefits of their parent firms. This paper examines whether using captives for this purpose is beneficial for employees and whether employee benefit premiums should be tax deductible in this case. We conclude that under the DOL’s conditions, the practice is advantageous

Gene C. Lai; Michael J. McNamara

2004-01-01

393

Employee Perceptions of Vision and Leadership: Effects of Employee Orientation Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study examines employee perceptions of organizational vision and leadership at three different time periods. New employees at a large manufacturing organization were surveyed regarding their perceptions of their organization's vision and leadership before they attended new employee orientation training, immediately after new…

Schmidt, Steven W.; Akdere, Mesut

2007-01-01

394

Oncology nurses' attitudes toward the legalization of voluntary active euthanasia.  

PubMed

Euthanasia is not a new concept. However, there is a growing trend to legalize voluntary active euthanasia. The purpose of this study was to explore oncology nurses' attitudes toward voluntary active euthanasia. The population consisted of 200 registered nurses who were members of the Oncology Nurses' Society and who resided in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, and Missouri. I developed a questionnaire using a Likert-type scale to measure the attitudes. A one-way analysis of variance was used for data analysis. Relationships among religious beliefs, personal experience, educational preparation, and years of practice as an oncology nurse were investigated. Religious belief was the only variable that was significant in the formation of attitudes toward voluntary active euthanasia. PMID:7954382

Richardson, D S

1994-08-01

395

Enrollment in mental health courts: voluntariness, knowingness, and adjudicative competence.  

PubMed

Mental health courts (MHCs) are rapidly expanding as a form of diversion from jails and prisons for persons with mental illness charged with crimes. Although intended to be voluntary, little is known about this aspect of the courts. We examined perceptions of voluntariness, and levels of knowingness and legal competence among 200 newly enrolled clients of MHCs at two courts. Although most clients claimed to have chosen to enroll, at the same time, most claimed not to have been told the court was voluntary or told of the requirements prior to entering. The majority knew the "basics" of the courts, but fewer knew more nuanced information. A minority also were found to have impairments in legal competence. Implications are discussed. PMID:19116721

Redlich, Allison D; Hoover, Steven; Summers, Alicia; Steadman, Henry J

2010-04-01

396

Voluntary and involuntary attention vary as a function of impulsivity.  

PubMed

In the present study we examined, first, whether voluntary and involuntary attention manifest differently in people who differ in impulsivity (measured with the Barratt Impulsivity Scale). For Experiment 1, we used the spatial cueing task with informative and noninformative spatial cues to probe voluntary and involuntary attention, respectively. We found that participants with high impulsivity scores exhibited larger involuntary attention effects, whereas participants with low impulsivity scores exhibited larger voluntary attention effects. For Experiment 2, we used the correlated-flanker task to determine whether the differences between groups in Experiment 1 were due to high-impulsive participants being less sensitive to the display contingencies or to high-impulsive participants having a greater spread of spatial attention. Surprisingly, high-impulsive participants showed a greater sensitivity to contingencies in the environment (correlated-flanker effect). Our results illustrate one situation in which involuntary attention associated with high impulsivity can play a useful role. PMID:22450570

Landau, Ayelet N; Elwan, Deena; Holtz, Sarah; Prinzmetal, William

2012-06-01

397

Sildenafil stimulates aqueous humor turnover in rabbits.  

PubMed

Sildenafil citrate increases ocular blood flow and accelerates the rate of anterior chamber refilling after paracentesis. The latter effect could have resulted from a reduction in outflow facility or from an increase in aqueous humor (AH) production. In this study, we used scanning ocular fluorophotometry to examine the effects of sildenafil on AH turnover, and thus, AH production in eyes of live normal rabbits. For this, the rate of aqueous humor flow (AHF) was quantified with a commercially available fluorophotometer that measured the rate of fluorescein clearance from the anterior segment, which predominantly occurs via the trabecular meshwork. After ?2 h of control scans to determine the baseline rate of AHF, the rabbits were fed 33 mg of sildenafil and allowed ?45 min for the drug to enter the systemic circulation. Thereafter, fluorescence scans were retaken for an additional 90-120 min. Sildenafil ingestion increased AHF by about 36%, from 2.31 ?L/min to 3.14 ?L/min (P < 0.001, as two-tailed paired data, n = 20 eyes). This observation indicates that sildenafil citrate, which is a phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor currently marketed as a vasodilator (e.g., Viagra, Revatio), stimulates AHF in rabbits. Our results seem consistent with reports indicating that the drug dilates intraocular arteries and augments intraocular vascular flow. These physiological responses to the agent apparently led to increased fluid entry into the anterior chamber. As such, the drug might have utility in patients with ocular hypotony resulting from insufficient AH formation. PMID:23562660

Alvarez, Lawrence J; Zamudio, Aldo C; Candia, Oscar A

2013-06-01

398

Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of forest net primary production (NPP) demand accurate estimates of root production and turnover. We assessed root turnover with the use of an isotope tracer in two forest free-air carbon dioxide enrichment experiments. Growth at elevated carbon dioxide did not accelerate root turnover in either the pine or the hardwood forest. Turnover of fine root carbon varied from 1.2

Roser Matamala; Miquel A. Gonzalez-Meler; Julie D. Jastrow; Richard J. Norby; William H. Schlesinger

2003-01-01

399

Explaining the Gap in Charter and Traditional Public School Teacher Turnover Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses national survey data to examine why charter school teachers are more likely to turnover than their traditional public school counterparts. We test whether the turnover gap is explained by different distributions of factors that are empirically and theoretically linked to turnover risk. We find that the turnover rate of charter…

Stuit, David A.; Smith, Thomas M.

2012-01-01

400

Corporate conditions conducive to employee voice: A subordinate perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employees' voice is conceptualized as a necessary condition for organizational success. A model of employee voice is proposed that encompasses employee predispositions, receptivity to employee voice in the microstructure, and affirmative norms for voice in the societal macrostructure. The model was examined by testing the hypothesis that subordinates' satisfaction will be greater when corporate conditions are receptive to employee voice

William I. Gorden; Dominic A. Infante; Elizabeth E. Graham

1988-01-01

401

Effects of voluntary movements on early auditory brain responses.  

PubMed

It has not been clear whether or not early information processing in the human auditory cortex is altered by voluntary movements. We report a movement-related, complex event-related potential consisting of relatively long-lasting amplitude and phase perturbations induced in an ongoing auditory steady-state response (SSR) by brief self-paced finger movements. Our results suggest that processing in the auditory cortex during the first 50-100 ms after stimulus delivery is affected before, during, and after voluntary movements, beginning with a 1- to 2-ms delay in the SSR wave form starting 1-2 s before the movement. PMID:8871108

Makeig, S; Müller, M M; Rockstroh, B

1996-08-01

402

TRC Texas Railroad Commission urges continued voluntary gas allocation  

SciTech Connect

TRC (Texas Railroad Commission) urges continued voluntary gas allocation, specifically, continued reliance on natural gas transmission and distribution companies to make voluntary supply allocation during peak periods. The Texas Independent Producers and Royalty Owners Association has supported this policy. According to F. Pitts (Tex. Independent Prod. R. Owners Assoc.), increased natural gas supplies will reduce the likelihood of prolonged periods of allocation. All U.S. oil and natural gas have come from 2% of the country's sedimentary basins, and more than 3 million sq mi, including some areas of special interest, remain untested by drilling.

Pitts, F.

1980-11-17

403

Voluntary vs directed siting -- or somewhere in-between?  

SciTech Connect

Waste siting gridlock in the United States and Canada has led to experimentation with voluntary and hybrid or ``mixed mode`` siting. We review nuclear and hazardous waste voluntary siting (VS) results for selected cases in the U.S, and Canada. Findings indicate that VS is not a panacea, but that current siting efforts are inadequate tests of its potential. We suggest trials of improved VS protocols and more effort on hybrid approaches in which the developer chooses the site but is required to reach agreement on conditions with local stakeholders. Mixed mode siting may be better suited to the US context and its three-tiered governmental system.

Peelle, E.B.

1994-04-01

404

How serious of a problem is staff turnover in substance abuse treatment? A longitudinal study of actual turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the substance abuse treatment field, the annual turnover rate is cited as being anywhere between 19% and 50% (J.A. Johnson & P.M. Roman, 2002; S.L. Gallon, R.M. Gabriel, J.R.W. Knudsen, 2003; H.K. Knudsen, J.A. Johnson, & P.M. Roman, 2003; A.T. McLellan, D. Carise, & H.D. Kleber, 2003). However, no research to date has evaluated these claims by tracking turnover

Lillian T. Eby; Hannah Burk; Charleen P. Maher

2010-01-01

405

Competency Mapping of the Employees  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human resource management is a process of bringing people and organizations together so that the goals of each other are met. Nowadays it is not possible to show a good financial or operating report unless your personnel relations are in order. Over the years, highly skilled and knowledge based jobs are increasing while low skilled jobs are decreasing. Competency Mapping is a process of identifying key competencies for an organization, the jobs and functions within it. Competency mapping, the buzz word in any industry is not complicated as it may appear. At the heart of any successful activity lies a competence or skill. In the recent years, various thought leaders in business strategy have emphasized the need to identify what competencies a business needs, in order to compete in a specific environment. In this article explains the why competencies needed and how is measured competency of employees in the organization.

Anisha, N.

2012-10-01

406

Employee voice on human resource management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research on human resource management (HRM) practice has mainly assessed and evaluated the activity from an employer’s perspective. Concern has been expressed about the lack of empirical analysis conducted from the employees’ perspective. This exploratory study begins to fill this gap in the literature by examining the current views that 626 New Zealand employees have about HRM in their

Fiona Edgar; Alan J. Geare

2005-01-01

407

Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Employee engagement has become a hot topic in recent years among consulting firms and in the popular business press. However, employee engagement has rarely been studied in the academic literature and relatively little is known about its antecedents and consequences. The purpose of this study was to test a model of the antecedents and consequences of job and

Alan M. Saks

2006-01-01

408

A Collaborative University Model for Employee Wellness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are taking a more active approach in understanding and monitoring employees' modifiable health risk factors and chronic care conditions by developing strategies to encourage employees to start and sustain healthy behaviors. WellBama, the University of Alabama's signature health and wellness program, utilizes a collaborative model in…

Carter, Melondie R.; Kelly, Rebecca C.; Alexander, Chelley K.; Holmes, Lauren M.

2011-01-01

409

Motivating Student Employees: Examples from Collections Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses common challenges in motivating student employees, recommends motivational methods and supervisory management styles, and describes how the system works when these recommendations are used. It is concluded that supervisors need to implement student employment policies and activities that maximize student employee usefulness and…

Baird, Brian

1995-01-01

410

The psychological antecedents of employee referrals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how different psychological antecedents lead to different components of organizational commitment and employee referrals or employment recommendations in a people-based financial services context. Specifically, we consider the impact of position involvement, volitional choice, and informational complexity on affective, calculative, and normative commitment, which ultimately influences employee referrals in the context of a Flemish bank. Our conceptual model

Josée Bloemer

2010-01-01

411

Employee Assistance Programs Among Fortune 500 Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since their inception fifty years ago, employee assistance programs (EAPs) have undergone fundamental changes. EAPs have widened the scope and deepened the intensity of the services they offer to employees. Currently many EAPs provide a wider range of counseling. As the number of EAPs has grown, their organizational structure has become increasingly more complex. By reviewing major trends, reporting on

Mark Sciegaj; Deborah W. Garnick; Constance M. Horgan; Elizabeth L. Merrick; David Goldin; Matthew Urato; Dominic Hodgkin

2001-01-01

412

Organisational Learning and Employees' Intrinsic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of organisational learning initiatives on employee motivation. Four initiatives consistent with theories of organisational learning were a priori ranked in terms of concepts that underpin intrinsic-motivation theory. Eighteen employees in a UK petrochemical company were interviewed to ascertain their experiences of…

Remedios, Richard; Boreham, Nick

2004-01-01

413

Employees' Knowledge of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined employees' knowledge of the causes of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), its prevention, and their legal rights after being diagnosed with CTS. A 24-item questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 30 Chicago-area employees who had been afflicted with CTS. Of those surveyed, 99% considered their CTS injury related to their…

Gandy-Goldston, Terrie M.

414

Employee Based Brand Equity: A Third Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite academics and practitioners alike promoting the positive outcomes of employees being aware of the organization's brand in the context of their work environment, there appears to be no evidence thus far to understand the impact of such brand building efforts from an employee perspective. This article promotes that there is, in fact, a third perspective of brand equity, that

Ceridwyn King; Debra Grace

2009-01-01

415

Client-Centered Employee Assistance Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses delivery aspects and benefits of client-centered Employee Assistance Program (EAP) services through a review of the literature and research. EAP services are described as educational and mental health services utilized to assist employees and their families to respond constructively to job, personal, interpersonal or…

Bayer, Darryl Lee

416

Employee Assistance and Work-Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a description of employee assistance programs (EAPs) and work-life programs as perceived by human resource professionals and the “purchasers” or employers that offer their workforce these benefits. This description unveils the purchasers' needs, preferences and concerns regarding such programs. Moreover, efforts that the Employee Assistance Industry Alliance (The Alliance) has been involved with that directly affect the

Paul Courtois; Ruhal Dooley; Renee Kennish; Rich Paul; Michael Reddy

2005-01-01

417

Speaking Up: Identifying Employees' Upward Dissent Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses strategies employees use to express upward dissent within contemporary organizations. Indicates that employees used direct-factual appeal, repetition, solution presentation, circumvention, and threatening-resignation strategies for expressing upward dissent. Provides support for the exit-voice-loyalty model (and subsequent revisions) of…

Kassing, Jeffrey W.

2002-01-01

418

Employee Career Development: The Virginia Tech Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The progress of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University's model of an Employee Career Development Program is reported. The program's roots and relationships are explored as well as the results of a cooperative effort between an employee relations/personnel office and a university counselor education program area. (Author/MLW)

McDaniels, Carl O.; Butt, Albin T.

1984-01-01

419

Getting Personal with Employee Self-Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the need for companies to educate their employees on the true value of their benefits, both monetary and service related, and on the policies and expectations of the organizations they work for. Doing so is not only costeffective but can actually help a great deal with employee retention. The best way to get relevant, personalized knowledge of

Tod Loofbourrow

2001-01-01

420

Motivating employees. Applying motivational theories to nursing.  

PubMed

Managers provide the critical link between the delivery of nursing care and the administration. It is vital for nurse managers to provide a work environment that supports professional nursing practices. Staff nurses are taught how to carry out clinical functions. For them to develop and practice advanced clinical skills, managers have to buffer the pressures of daily operations. They must ask themselves, "Am I committed to my employees?" "Am I an enthusiastic role model for my employees?" "Do I use positive motivating techniques?" "Do I know each of my employees personally as a unique individual?" "What can I do to create an environment that supports my employees?" and "How can I make each of my employees feel respected and worthy?" If the manager, whether experienced or not, can answer these questions honestly and apply motivational techniques differently, he or she will be the best kind of manager: a true leader. PMID:2619295

Pustai, I

1989-12-01

421

78 FR 48413 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Voluntary Self-Disclosure of Violations of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Comment Request; Voluntary Self- Disclosure of Violations of the Export Administration Regulations...to reach a settlement with violators. Voluntary self-disclosure of EAR violations strengthens BIS's...

2013-08-08

422

75 FR 28780 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Procedure for Voluntary Self-Disclosure of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Procedure for Voluntary Self-Disclosure of Violations of the Export Administration Regulations...to reach a settlement with violators. Voluntary self-disclosure of EAR violations strengthens BIS's...

2010-05-24

423

40 CFR 157.30 - Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging. 157.30 Section 157.30 ...CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.30 Voluntary use of...

2013-07-01

424

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence. 5.201...201 Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence. (a...in any case where there is evidence of mental or physical incompetence. A...

2013-10-01

425

76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc...of voluntary relinquishment from Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc...has accepted a notification from Child Health Patient Safety Organization,...

2011-11-17

426

76 FR 62 - Interpretive Standards for Systemic Compensation Discrimination and Voluntary Guidelines for Self...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Standards for Systemic Compensation Discrimination and Voluntary Guidelines for Self-Evaluation...documents addressing compensation discrimination: Interpreting Nondiscrimination Requirements...with respect to Systemic Compensation Discrimination (Standards) and Voluntary...

2011-01-03

427

76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Emergency Medicine Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Voluntary Relinquishment From Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation AGENCY: Agency...voluntary relinquishment from Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation of its status...accepted a notification from Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation, PSO...

2011-11-17

428

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...similar to life, sick, or accident benefits. A benefit...to a life, sick, or accident benefit if: (1...fares, the provision of accident or homeowner's insurance...benefit is determined by reference to the...

2010-04-01

429

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...similar to life, sick, or accident benefits. A benefit...to a life, sick, or accident benefit if: (1...fares, the provision of accident or homeowner's insurance...benefit is determined by reference to the...

2009-04-01

430

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other... (a) In general. The life, sick, accident, or other...minor or a student (within the meaning of section 151(e)(4...described in section 152(a). Life, sick, accident, or...

2013-04-01

431

Westinghouse Savannah River Company: Report from the DOE Voluntary Protection Program onsite reviews, February 24--March 7, 1997, and June 15--19, 1998  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) Initial and Update Review Teams` findings from the onsite evaluations of the Westinghouse Savannah River Site (SRS), conducted February 24--March 7, 1997, and June 15-19, 1998. The site was evaluated against the program requirements contained in US Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program, Part 1: Program Elements to determine its success in implementing the five tenets of DOE-VPP. The Initial Review Team concluded that WSRC met or surpassed all DOE-VPP requirements, with the exception of 12 minor findings and 5 recommendations. WSRC was asked to resolve the findings within 90 days. During a follow-up visit in January 1996, representatives of the Team verified that all 90-day actions were completed. The Update Team detected though that the program did not demonstrate thorough and meaningful employee involvement. The ability to attain and sustain VPP-level performance on employee involvement is a significant challenge. Large companies with multiple layers of management and geographically disperse personnel have particular difficulty.

NONE

1999-05-01

432

29 CFR 541.400 - General rule for computer employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false General rule for computer employees. 541.400 Section 541.400...EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Computer Employees § 541.400 General rule...

2009-07-01

433

29 CFR 541.400 - General rule for computer employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false General rule for computer employees. 541.400 Section 541.400...EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Computer Employees § 541.400 General rule...

2010-07-01

434

29 CFR 1910.165 - Employee alarm systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...system also serves as the employee alarm system, all emergency...employers with 10 or fewer employees in a particular workplace, direct voice communication is an acceptable...sounding the alarm provided all employees can hear the alarm....

2009-07-01

435

29 CFR 1910.165 - Employee alarm systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...system also serves as the employee alarm system, all emergency...employers with 10 or fewer employees in a particular workplace, direct voice communication is an acceptable...sounding the alarm provided all employees can hear the alarm....

2010-07-01

436

29 CFR 1910.165 - Employee alarm systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...system also serves as the employee alarm system, all emergency...employers with 10 or fewer employees in a particular workplace, direct voice communication is an acceptable...sounding the alarm provided all employees can hear the alarm....

2013-07-01

437

29 CFR 541.400 - General rule for computer employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false General rule for computer employees. 541.400 Section 541.400...EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Computer Employees § 541.400 General rule...

2013-07-01

438

29 CFR 541.402 - Executive and administrative computer employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Executive and administrative computer employees. 541.402 Section 541.402...EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Computer Employees § 541.402 Executive and...

2013-07-01

439

26 CFR 801.3 - Measuring employee performance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2002-04-01 true Measuring employee performance. 801.3 Section...REVENUE PRACTICE BALANCED SYSTEM FOR MEASURING ORGANIZATIONAL AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE § 801.3 Measuring employee performance. (a) In...

2009-01-01

440

26 CFR 801.3 - Measuring employee performance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Measuring employee performance. 801.3 Section...REVENUE PRACTICE BALANCED SYSTEM FOR MEASURING ORGANIZATIONAL AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE § 801.3 Measuring employee performance. (a) In...

2010-04-01

441

26 CFR 801.3 - Measuring employee performance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Measuring employee performance. 801.3 Section...REVENUE PRACTICE BALANCED SYSTEM FOR MEASURING ORGANIZATIONAL AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE § 801.3 Measuring employee performance. (a) In...

2009-04-01

442

29 CFR 541.100 - General rule for executive employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS DEFINING AND DELIMITING THE EXEMPTIONS FOR EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Executive Employees § 541.100 General rule for executive employees. (a) The...

2013-07-01

443

29 CFR 541.104 - Two or more other employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS DEFINING AND DELIMITING THE EXEMPTIONS FOR EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Executive Employees § 541.104 Two or more other employees. (a) To qualify...

2013-07-01

444

22 CFR 1203.735-409 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Confidentiality of employees' statements. 1203...DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AGENCY EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT...Interests § 1203.735-409 Confidentiality of employees' statements. An...

2009-04-01

445

48 CFR 1552.227-76 - Project employee confidentiality agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Project employee confidentiality agreement. 1552.227-76...1552.227-76 Project employee confidentiality agreement. As prescribed...following clause: Project Employee Confidentiality Agreement (MAY...

2009-10-01

446

48 CFR 1552.227-76 - Project employee confidentiality agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true Project employee confidentiality agreement. 1552.227-76...1552.227-76 Project employee confidentiality agreement. As prescribed...following clause: Project Employee Confidentiality Agreement (MAY...

2010-10-01

447

19 CFR 200.735-121 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Confidentiality of employees' statements. 200.735-121...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT...Interests § 200.735-121 Confidentiality of employees' statements....

2009-04-01

448

19 CFR 200.735-121 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Confidentiality of employees' statements. 200.735-121...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT...Interests § 200.735-121 Confidentiality of employees' statements....

2010-04-01

449

22 CFR 1203.735-409 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 true Confidentiality of employees' statements. 1203...DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AGENCY EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT...Interests § 1203.735-409 Confidentiality of employees' statements. An...

2010-04-01

450

75 FR 67431 - State-40, Employee Contact Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice: 7221] State-40, Employee Contact Records SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given...Phone)'' be changed to ``Employee Contact Records.'' It is also proposed that...amended system description, ``Employee Contact Records, State- 40,'' will read...

2010-11-02

451

33 CFR 104.107 - Employee access area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY: VESSELS General § 104.107 Employee access area. (a) A ferry or passenger vessel, excluding cruise ships, may designate areas within the vessel as employee access areas. (b) An employee access area is a...

2013-07-01

452

75 FR 20314 - Federal Employees Health Benefits Program; Miscellaneous Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...coverage for certain former Senate Restaurant employees who transferred to employment...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background Senate Restaurants Employees Public Law 110-279, enacted...for certain employees of the Senate Restaurants after the operations of the Senate...

2010-04-19

453

Initiation of health-behaviour change among employees participating in a web-based health risk assessment with tailored feedback  

PubMed Central

Background Primary prevention programs at the worksite can improve employee health and reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. Programs that include a web-based health risk assessment (HRA) with tailored feedback hold the advantage of simultaneously increasing awareness of risk and enhancing initiation of health-behaviour change. In this study we evaluated initial health-behaviour change among employees who voluntarily participated in such a HRA program. Methods We conducted a questionnaire survey among 2289 employees who voluntarily participated in a HRA program at seven Dutch worksites between 2007 and 2009. The HRA included a web-based questionnaire, biometric measurements, laboratory evaluation, and tailored feedback. The survey questionnaire assessed initial self-reported health-behaviour change and satisfaction with the web-based HRA, and was e-mailed four weeks after employees completed the HRA. Results Response was received from 638 (28%) employees. Of all, 86% rated the program as positive, 74% recommended it to others, and 58% reported to have initiated overall health-behaviour change. Compared with employees at low CVD risk, those at high risk more often reported to have increased physical activity (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.52-7.45). Obese employees more frequently reported to have increased physical activity (OR 3.35, 95% CI 1.72-6.54) and improved diet (OR 3.38, 95% CI 1.50-7.60). Being satisfied with the HRA program in general was associated with more frequent self-reported initiation of overall health-behaviour change (OR 2.77, 95% CI 1.73-4.44), increased physical activity (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.06-3.39), and improved diet (OR 2.89, 95% CI 1.61-5.17). Conclusions More than half of the employees who voluntarily participated in a web-based HRA with tailored feedback, reported to have initiated health-behaviour change. Self-reported initiation of health-behaviour change was more frequent among those at high CVD risk and BMI levels. In general employees reported to be satisfied with the HRA, which was also positively associated with initiation of health-behaviour change. These findings indicate that among voluntary participating employees a web-based HRA with tailored feedback may motivate those in greatest need of health-behaviour change and may be a valuable component of workplace health promotion programs.

2011-01-01

454

Voluntary Consent: Why a Value-Neutral Concept Won't Work  

PubMed Central

Some maintain that voluntariness is a value-neutral concept. On that view, someone acts involuntarily if subject to a controlling influence or has no acceptable alternatives. I argue that a value-neutral conception of voluntariness cannot explain when and why consent is invalid and that we need a moralized account of voluntariness. On that view, most concerns about the voluntariness of consent to participate in research are not well founded.

Wertheimer, Alan

2012-01-01

455

Moving On: Voluntary Staff Departures at Small Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although voluntary departures are frequent among new professional student affairs staff members at small colleges and universities, there is little systematic study of the processes involved in departing a job at one campus to accept a student affairs position at another. Potentially awkward dynamics surrounding staff departures can complicate…

Kortegast, Carrie A.; Hamrick, Florence A.

2009-01-01

456

CITY OF MILWAUKEE VOLUNTARY AIR TOXICS REDUCTION PROJECT  

EPA Science Inventory

Development and coordination of a broad-based stakeholder workgroup that will meet to discuss, review and recommend strategies to USEPA on practical, cost-effective and voluntary methods for achieving air toxics reductions within a specified neighborhood, locale or region within ...

457

The National Voluntary Content Standards in Economics. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students today face a wide range of economic decisions. To be wise consumers, prudent savers, and knowledgeable investors, they need basic economic concepts and decision-making skills. To this end the National Council on Economic Education (NCEE) developed the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics (1997) for students in kindergarten…

VanFossen, Phillip J.

458

Teacher and Parent Scaffolding of Voluntary Summer Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors designed and implemented a voluntary reading program that was intended to reduce loss in reading achievement over the summer months, particularly for low-income and ethnic minority children. The program had two major components: (1) providing eight books that were well matched to each child's reading level and interests; and (2)…

White, Thomas G.; Kim, James S.

2008-01-01

459

Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles: Evaluating a Trade Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors evaluate the voluntary export restraint that was initially placed on exports of automobiles from Japan in 1981. They evaluate the impact this policy had on U.S. consumer welfare, firm profits, and foregone tariff revenue from its initiation through 1990.

Steven Berry; James Levinsohn; Ariel Pakes

1999-01-01

460

National voluntary laboratory accreditation program: Energy efficient lighting products. Handbook  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this handbook is to set out procedures and technical requirements for the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) accreditation of laboratories which perform test methods covered by the Energy Efficient Lighting (EEL) Products program. It complements and supplements the NVLAP programmatic procedures and general requirements found in NIST Handbook 150 (PB94-178225). The interpretive comments and additional requirements

L. S. Galowin; W. Hall; W. J. Rossiter

1994-01-01

461

How do regulated and voluntary carbon-offset schemes compare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has become a key instrument for climate change mitigation. Parties with emission targets are using it to buy greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions for compliance against the Protocol's emission reduction targets. In parallel, the purchase of emission reductions through a voluntary carbon market has become a mainstream practice across business and individuals who,

Esteve Corbera; Manuel Estrada; Katrina Brown

2009-01-01

462

Reciprocal Ia inhibition during voluntary movements in man  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects on the H-reflex of the triceps surae muscle from the volleys in the common peroneal nerve were investigated in normal human subjects at rest and during voluntary ankle movements. A depressive effect was revealed during active dorsiflexion but not at rest. Since this depression was evoked by volleys of low-threshold afferents and had a very short latency which suggests

R. Tanaka

1974-01-01

463

Voluntary Household Travel Behaviour Change - Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Since the late 1990s, there have been examples of travel behaviour change programs using what are termed ‘voluntary behaviour change methods’ –primarily in Europe and Australia. At the same time, in the attempt to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in water, energy and

Elizabeth Ampt; Steer Davies Gleave

2003-01-01

464

Chapter 636, Voluntary Integration in Massachusetts. Successful Programs of Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide study was conducted to identify and describe successful voluntary school desegregation programs funded under Chapter 636, a 1974 amendment to Massachussets' Racial Imbalance Law. Programs selected were of four types: (1) school-based (elementary, middle, and high); (2) school system- or district-wide; (3) part-time and full-time…

Spier, Adele W.; And Others

465

Voluntary Online-Teaching Standards Come Amid Concerns over Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As learning over the Internet grows in both popularity and controversy, experts are hoping that a new set of national standards for online teaching may help bring clarity and credibility to an industry that some analysts say sorely needs both. The voluntary standards, released February 21 by the North American Council for Online Learning, or…

Trotter, Andrew

2008-01-01

466

Continuing Professional Education Programs of Voluntary Health Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizational objectives and professional continuing education programs of ten voluntary health agencies--Allergy Foundation of America, American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, Arthritis Foundation, National Association for Mental Health, National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, National Society for the Prevention of Blindness,…

American Medical Association, Chicago, IL.

467

Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

468

The Proposed Department of Commerce 'Voluntary' Labeling Program. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The features of the Department of Commerce Program for the voluntary labeling of major household appliances and equipment to effect energy conservation are presented. These procedures were published in the Federal Register on October 26. The steps involved in carrying out the program are (1) setting of priorities among products, (2) establishment of product classes where appropriate, (3) setting of

Meyerson

1973-01-01

469

Voluntary Cough Production and Swallow Dysfunction in Parkinson's Disease  

PubMed Central

Cough is important for airway clearance, particularly if penetration/aspiration of foreign material occurs during swallow. Measures of voluntary cough production from ten male participants with stage II–III Parkinson’s disease (PD) who showed no videofluorographic evidence of penetration/aspiration (Group 1) were examined and compared with those of ten male participants with stage II–III PD who showed videofluorographic evidence of penetration/aspiration (Group 2). The degree of penetration/ aspiration was expertly judged from the videofluorographic examinations of the participants’ sequential swallow of a thin, 30-cc bolus. Measured cough parameters included inspiratory phase duration, inspiratory peak flow, compression phase duration, expiratory peak flow, expiratory rise time, and cough volume acceleration. Results indicated significant group differences for the majority of cough measures, except for inspiratory phase duration and inspiratory peak flow. A modest relationship existed between voluntary cough parameters and penetration/aspiration scores. Decreased ability to adequately clear material from the airway with voluntary cough may exacerbate symptoms resulting from penetration/aspiration, particularly for those with neurodegenerative disease. Measurement of voluntary cough may be useful for the evaluation of airway clearance ability.

Bolser, Donald; Rosenbek, John; Troche, Michelle; Sapienza, Christine

2014-01-01

470

Voluntary gait speed adaptation for robot-assisted treadmill training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robot-assisted gait training currently lacks the possibility of the robot to automatically adapt to the patient's needs and demands (so called ldquobio-cooperative control strategiesrdquo). It is desired to give the patient voluntary control over training parameters such as gait speed or joint trajectories. We implemented a control algorithm for the driven gait orthosis Lokomat that allows severely disabled stroke patients

Alexander KOENIG; Carmen BINDER; J. v. Zitzewitz; X. Omlin; M. Bolliger; R. Riener

2009-01-01

471

Role of stretch reflex in voluntary movements. [of human foot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The stretch reflex is often described as a spinal servomechanism, a device for assisting in the regulation of muscle length. Observation of the EMG response to mechanical interruption of voluntary movements fails to demonstrate a significant role for spinal reflexes at 40 msec latency. Two functional responses with latencies of 120 msec and 200 msec, implying supraspinal mediation, are observed.

Gottlieb, G. L.; Agarwal, G. C.

1975-01-01

472

Governing the coffee chain: The role of voluntary regulatory Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. — The coffee crisis has coincided with the emergence of a number of voluntary regula- tory systems in the global coffee chain. The present article explores the advantages and limitations of such schemes, their impact on the chain's governance, and their implications for farmers' upgrading. We conclude that participation in these systems does not ensure a better economic per-

Roldan Muradian; Wim Pelupessy

2005-01-01

473

Cerebral metabolism after forced or voluntary physical exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pathophysiology of stroke, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, is still in the process of being understood. Pre-ischemic exercise has been known to be beneficial in reducing the severity of stroke-induced brain injury in animal models. Forced exercise with a stressful component, rather than voluntary exercise, was better able to induce neuroprotection. This study further determined the changes

Harish Kinni; Miao Guo; Jamie Y. Ding; Sanjay Konakondla; David Dornbos; Raymond Tran; Murali Guthikonda; Yuchuan Ding

2011-01-01

474

Voluntary Approaches to Food Safety : A Unified Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence and the multiplication of safety quality management system within the food supply chain were extensively analyzed in the food safety literature. Some papers deal more specifically with the voluntary implementation by firms of these systems (Segerson, 1999; Venturini, 2003; Noelke & Caswell, 2000). Our paper develops a unified analytical framework of this burgeoning literature. We show three original

M. Fares; E. Rouvière

2006-01-01

475

VOLUNTARY SUPPLY CHAIN SECURITY PROGRAMS: A SYSTEMATIC COMPARISON  

Microsoft Academic Search

International crime and terrorism has become a major concern to both governments and businesses, due to the vulnerability of international supply chains of being either a direct target for crime and terrorism, or a means to deliver weapons. In response to this new threat, several voluntary supply chain security programs have been created or modified. This paper analyses and compares

Ximena Gutierrez; Juha Hintsa

2006-01-01

476

A chain-retrieval model for voluntary task switching.  

PubMed

To account for the findings obtained in voluntary task switching, this article describes and tests the chain-retrieval model. This model postulates that voluntary task selection involves retrieval of task information from long-term memory, which is then used to guide task selection and task execution. The model assumes that the retrieved information consists of acquired sequences (or chains) of tasks, that selection may be biased towards chains containing more task repetitions and that bottom-up triggered repetitions may overrule the intended task. To test this model, four experiments are reported. In Studies 1 and 2, sequences of task choices and the corresponding transition sequences (task repetitions or switches) were analyzed with the help of dependency statistics. The free parameters of the chain-retrieval model were estimated on the observed task sequences and these estimates were used to predict autocorrelations of tasks and transitions. In Studies 3 and 4, sequences of hand choices and their transitions were analyzed similarly. In all studies, the chain-retrieval model yielded better fits and predictions than statistical models of event choice. In applications to voluntary task switching (Studies 1 and 2), all three parameters of the model were needed to account for the data. When no task switching was required (Studies 3 and 4), the chain-retrieval model could account for the data with one or two parameters clamped to a neutral value. Implications for our understanding of voluntary task selection and broader theoretical implications are discussed. PMID:22609806

Vandierendonck, André; Demanet, Jelle; Liefooghe, Baptist; Verbruggen, Frederick

2012-09-01

477

Voluntary Activities in Lifelong Integrated Education in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the history and activities of the Japanese Nomura Center for Lifelong Education. With a membership consisting mainly of homemakers, the Center is a nationwide organization which carries out various voluntary activities. The importance of lifelong integrated education in solving global problems is discussed. (AM)

Nomura, Yoshiko

1982-01-01

478

Low and Variable Visitor Compliance Rates at Voluntary Trail Registers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Only 20 percent of the visitors to the Bob Marshall Wilderness, Mont., during 1981 complied at voluntary trail registers. Rates varied from 0 for day-use horseback riders to 47 percent for backpackers. Summer rates were seven times as high as fall rates. ...

R. C. Lucas

1983-01-01

479

Voluntary Contribution Games: Efficient Private Provision of Public Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a series of laboratory experiments designed to evaluate a mechanism for the voluntary provision of public good. The public good is provided if the total contributions meet or exceed a threshold and all contributions are returned if the public good is not provided. The members of the group all know the threshold, the incomes, and the

Mark Bagnoli; Michael McKee

1991-01-01

480

On the Voluntary and Involuntary Provision of Public Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends pre-existing results concerning voluntary private funding of public goods. The assumption that individuals care about themagnitude of their own contributions only insofar as these contributions affect the aggregate level of expenditures is shown to have untenable implications. The analysis suggests that a reexaminationof the factors that motivate individuals to make contributions is in order. Copyright 1986 by

B Douglas Bernheim

1986-01-01

481

Some Effects of Voluntary Transfer on Predominantly Minority Sending Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The voluntary transfer policy that is part of the desegregation plan of the Chicago (Illinois) public schools appears to have negative effects on the "sending" schools that students elect to leave. Fourteen sending schools were selected for study from a population of 105 low-achieving, low-income, predominantly minority neighborhood elementary…

Easton, John Q.; Bennett, Albert

482

Compliance with a Voluntary Hepatitis B Vaccination Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three years after the introduction of a voluntary hepatitis B vaccination program, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine has achieved a high vaccination rate among predoctoral students and a moderate rate among postdoctoral students and faculty. However, an unexpectedly low immunity was achieved, even among vaccinated individuals. (MSE)

Rowe, Todd K.; Douglass, Chester W.

1988-01-01

483

Hormonal regulatory adjustments during voluntary diving in Weddell seals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subadult male Weddell seals were instrumented with microcomputer-based backpacks and were then monitored during voluntary diving and recovery periods in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Depth and duration of diving, swim speed, and dive pattern were routinely monitored. An indwelling venous catheter was used to collect plasma samples at various time periods before and following diving episodes, so that changes in plasma

P. W. Hochachka; G. C. Liggins; G. P. Guyton; R. C. Schneider; K. S. Stanek; W. E. Hurford; R. K. Creasy; D. G. Zapol; W. M. Zapol

1995-01-01

484

Differential cortical activation during voluntary and reflexive saccades in man  

Microsoft Academic Search

A saccade involves both a step in eye position and an obligatory shift in spatial attention. The traditional division of saccades into two types, the “reflexive” saccade made in response to an exogenous stimulus change in the visual periphery and the “voluntary” saccade based on an endogenous judgement to move gaze, is supported by lines of evidence which include the

Dominic J Mort; Richard J Perry; Sabira K Mannan; Timothy L Hodgson; Elaine Anderson; Rebecca Quest; Donald McRobbie; Alan McBride; Masud Husain; Christopher Kennard

2003-01-01

485

Advocacy and compliance factors in a voluntary selective screening program.  

PubMed

To evaluate factors responsible for compliance with a voluntary selective screening program, we surveyed 495 participants and 212 nonparticipants in a screening program for Tay-Sachs disease. Knowledge about the program and motivation are the most important factors in compliance. The primary incentive for participation was to avoid having abnormal children in future generations. PMID:841398

Rothschild, H; Ivker, F B

1977-02-01

486

Effect of Emotional Picture Viewing on Voluntary Eyeblinks  

PubMed Central

Eyeblinks, whether reflexive or voluntary, play an important role in protecting our vision. When viewing pictures, reflexive eyeblinks are known to be modulated by the emotional state induced thereby. More specifically, the hedonic valence (unpleasantness-pleasantness) induced by the picture has been shown to have a linear relationship with the amplitude of a startle blink elicited during picture viewing. This effect has been attributed to congruence between an ongoing state and task demands: an unpleasant emotional state is assumed to bias our attention towards potentially harmful stimuli, such as startle tones. However, recent research suggests that the valence-specific modulation may not be limited to the sensory parts of the reflexive pathway related to startle responses. Here, we examined the effect of emotional picture viewing on voluntary (in response to a written command) eyeblinks in adult humans. Emotional modulation of startle blinks was also evaluated. We found that when viewing unpleasant pictures, the amplitude of reflexive eyeblinks was augmented, but the amplitude of voluntary eyeblinks was unaffected. Nevertheless, the response latencies of voluntary eyeblinks were found to be delayed during the viewing of pleasant and unpleasant relative to neutral pictures. We conclude that these results support the theory that emotional experience augments sensory processing specific to potentially harmful stimuli. Further, the emotional state seems not to exert an effect on voluntarily elicited motor activity.

Karla, Suvi; Ruusuvirta, Timo; Wikgren, Jan

2014-01-01

487

Line managers and workplace learning: Learning from the voluntary sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interface between the workplace as a site of learning and the behaviours of developmental managers, those who develop self, staff and peers. The paper provides a brief literature review, outlines the research methodology utilized, and presents and discusses findings from empirical research in the voluntary sector. It is hoped that the findings will enhance understanding of

Rona S. Beattie

2006-01-01

488

Is Greener Whiter? Voluntary Environmental Performance of Western Ski Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the initial implementation of the Sustainable Slopes Program a voluntary envi- ronmental initiative established by the U.S. National Ski Areas Association in partnership with federal and state government agencies. Our findings indicate that participation of western ski areas in the Sustainable Slopes Program is related to institutional pressures in the form of enhanced federal over- sight and

Jorge Rivera; Peter de Leon

2004-01-01

489

42 CFR 137.204 - How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? 137.204 Section...How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? IHS will work...mutually-defined annual voluntary uniform subset of data that is consistent with Congressional...

2012-10-01

490

Real-Time Changes in Corticospinal Excitability during Voluntary Contraction with Concurrent Electrical Stimulation  

PubMed Central

While previous studies have assessed changes in corticospinal excitability following voluntary contraction coupled with electrical stimulation (ES), we sought to examine, for the first time in the field, real-time changes in corticospinal excitability. We monitored motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation and recorded the MEPs using a mechanomyogram, which is less susceptible to electrical artifacts. We assessed the MEPs at each level of muscle contraction of wrist flexion (0%, 5%, or 20% of maximum voluntary contraction) during voluntary wrist flexion (flexor carpi radialis (FCR) voluntary contraction), either with or without simultaneous low-frequency (10 Hz) ES of the median nerve that innervates the FCR. The stimulus intensity corresponded to 1.2× perception threshold. In the FCR, voluntary contraction with median nerve stimulation significantly increased corticospinal excitability compared with FCR voluntary contraction without median nerve stimulation (p<0.01). In addition, corticospinal excitability was significantly modulated by the level of FCR voluntary contraction. In contrast, in the extensor carpi radialis (ECR), FCR voluntary contraction with median nerve stimulation significantly decreased corticospinal excitability compared with FCR voluntary contraction without median nerve stimulation (p<0.05). Thus, median nerve stimulation during FCR voluntary contraction induces reciprocal changes in cortical excitability in agonist and antagonist muscles. Finally we also showed that even mental imagery of FCR voluntary contraction with median nerve stimulation induced the same reciprocal changes in cortical excitability in agonist and antagonist muscles. Our results support the use of voluntary contraction coupled with ES in neurorehabilitation therapy for patients.

Yamaguchi, Tomofumi; Sugawara, Kenichi; Tanaka, Satoshi; Yoshida, Naoshin; Saito, Kei; Tanabe, Shigeo; Muraoka, Yoshihiro; Liu, Meigen

2012-01-01

491

Muscle protein turnover in endurance training: a review.  

PubMed

There has been much debate about skeletal muscle capacity to adapt to long-lasting endurance exercise. Exercise in the aerobic zone of metabolism does not result in hypertrophy of skeletal muscle fibres but increases their oxidative capacity. The duration and intensity of an exercise session determines the time period of depressed muscle protein synthesis and increased degradation rate during the recovery period after exercise. Protein turnover characterizes the renewal processes of muscle proteins and the functional capacity of muscle. The turnover rate of myofibrillar proteins is slow in comparison with mitochondrial proteins and depends on the oxidative capacity of muscle fibres. The turnover rate of myofibrillar proteins in the same muscle is different and is also different within the myosin molecule between myosin heavy and light chain isoforms. The turnover rate of muscle proteins in endurance training shows the adaptation of skeletal muscle to long-lasting exercise via remodelling of muscle structures. Adaptational coordination between myofibrillar and mitochondrial compartments shows the physiological role and adaptational capacity of skeletal muscle to endurance training. It is challenging to use muscle protein turnover for the purposes of monitoring the training process of endurance athletes, optimizing training programs and preventing overtraining. PMID:22068931

Seene, T; Kaasik, P; Alev, K

2011-12-01

492

Turnover of recently assimilated carbon in arctic bryophytes.  

PubMed

Carbon (C) allocation and turnover in arctic bryophytes is largely unknown, but their response to climatic change has potentially significant impacts on arctic ecosystem C budgets. Using a combination of pulse-chase experiments and a newly developed model of C turnover in bryophytes, we show significant differences in C turnover between two contrasting arctic moss species (Polytrichum piliferum and Sphagnum fuscum). (13)C abundance in moss tissues (measured up to 1 year) and respired CO(2) (traced over 5 days) were used to parameterise the bryophyte C model with four pools representing labile and structural C in photosynthetic and stem tissue. The model was optimised using an Ensemble Kalman Filter to ensure a focus on estimating the confidence intervals (CI) on model parameters and outputs. The ratio of aboveground NPP:GPP in Polytrichum piliferum was 23% (CI 9-35%), with an average turnover time of 1.7 days (CI 1.1-2.5 days). The aboveground NPP:GPP ratio in Sphagnum fuscum was 43% (CI 19-65%) with an average turnover time of 3.1 days (CI 1.6-6.1 days). These results are the first to show differences in C partitioning between arctic bryophyte species in situ and highlight the importance of modelling C dynamics of this group separately from vascular plants for a realistic representation of vegetation in arctic C models. PMID:21499905

Street, L E; Subke, J A; Sommerkorn, M; Heinemeyer, A; Williams, M

2011-10-01

493

The impact of individual and job characteristics on 'burnout' among civil engineers in Australia and the implications for employee turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was undertaken to explore the experience of ‘burnout’ among engineers working in the Australian construction industry. The most widely recognized model of burnout, comprising emotional exhaustion, cynicism and a diminished sense of personal accomplishment was found to be valid. However, Australian engineers experience a strong sense of the social worth of their professional activity, independently of believing in

Helen Lingard

2003-01-01

494

Research to determine the feasibility of utilizing employee-assistance programs for the mining industry. Open File Report (Final)  

SciTech Connect

The report examines the feasibility of employee-assistance plans for the coal industry. Three issues are examined in detail. First, the prevalence of off-the-job factors such as alcoholism, drug abuse, and marital problems are examined in a sample of miners from the eastern, midwestern, and western underground coalfields. Then, data are presented from examination of the link between these off-the-job factors and behaviors critical to the mines such as absenteeism and turnover. Lastly, the effectiveness of the major employee-assistance program in underground coal mining - the HELP Program was examined. The report contains recommendations on whether coal-mining companies should implement these programs and how these programs should be designed.

Goodman, P.S.

1986-01-01

495

A collaborative university model for employee wellness.  

PubMed

Universities are taking a more active approach in understanding and monitoring employees' modifiable health risk factors and chronic care conditions by developing strategies to encourage employees to start and sustain healthy behaviors. WellBama, the University of Alabama's signature health and wellness program, utilizes a collaborative model in partnership with select colleges and departments to implement strategies to improve employees' health status. The program provides onsite health screenings and assessments, timely health advising sessions, assistance in setting and monitoring individual health goals to promote improved health, and preventive examination referrals. PMID:21950259

Carter, Melondie R; Kelly, Rebecca C; Alexander, Chelley K; Holmes, Lauren M

2011-01-01

496

The manager's approach to employee performance problems.  

PubMed

Employee performance problems essentially take two forms: those that are motivational in origin and those resulting from skill deficiencies. Both fall within the province of the department manager. Performance problems differ from problems of conduct in that traditional disciplinary processes do not apply. Rather, performance problems are addressed through educational and remedial processes. The manager has a basic responsibility to ensure that everything reasonable is done to help each employee succeed. There are a number of steps the manager can take to address employee performance problems. PMID:12688614

McConnell, Charles R

2003-01-01

497

Hypothesis: cyclic AMP turnover in S49 cells  

SciTech Connect

The fractional turnover constant (ke) of cAMP in S49 lymphoma cells stimulated by epinephrine was essentially identical to the decay constant for cAMP in these cells. This was in sharp distinction to the situation in the human diploid lung fibroblast WI-38, in which ke was much lower in hormone stimulated cells. In this study we report a new method for the determination of cAMP turnover. The method was based on the assumption that for tritium label to be incorporated into cAMP on treatment of cells with (/sup 3/H)-adenine, the label must first pass through ATP. An equation relating the rate of change in cAMP specific radioactivity with cAMP and ATP specific radioactivities was thereby determined. The equation was expressed in a form that gave a linear graphical plot with the fractional turnover constant as the slope of the line.

Barber, R.; Goka, T.J.

1981-01-01

498

Soman-induced seizures impair norepinephrine-stimulated phosphoinositide turnover  

SciTech Connect

Seizure activity increases turnover of phosphoinositide bisphosphate (PIP2). Turnover of PIP2 is thought to be modulated by neurotransmitter interactions. The effect of soman-induced seizures on neurotransmitter-stimulated PIP 2 turnover was examined in rats. Thirty minutes after induction of seizure activity, rats were euthanized and slices prepared from the hippocampus or cerebral cortex were incubated with myo-(2-3H) inositol for incorporation into phospholipids. Hydrolysis of phosphoinositides was determined by measuring the accumulation of (3H) inositol-l-phosphate (IP1) in the presence of LiCl. Carbachol, norepinephrine (NE) and high K+ increased accumulation of IP1 in slices from control rats. GABA was without effect on IP1 accumulation but potentiated the stimulation of PIP, hydrolysis by NE. NE-stimulated IP1 accumulation in slices from rats undergoing seizures was significantly reduced. GABA potentiation of the NE-stimulated hydrolysis was also reduced.

Filbert, M.G.; Phann, S.; Forster, J.; Ballough, G.P.; Cann, F.J.

1993-05-13

499

Human turnover dynamics during sleep: statistical behavior and its modeling.  

PubMed

Turnover is a typical intermittent body movement while asleep. Exploring its behavior may provide insights into the mechanisms and management of sleep. However, little is understood about the dynamic nature of turnover in healthy humans and how it can be modified in disease. Here we present a detailed analysis of turnover signals that are collected by accelerometry from healthy elderly subjects and age-matched patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease. In healthy subjects, the time intervals between consecutive turnover events exhibit a well-separated bimodal distribution with one mode at ?10 s and the other at ?100 s, whereas such bimodality tends to disappear in neurodegenerative patients. The discovery of bimodality and fine temporal structures (?10 s) is a contribution that is not revealed by conventional sleep recordings with less time resolution (?30 s). Moreover, we estimate the scaling exponent of the interval fluctuations, which also shows a clear difference between healthy subjects and patients. We incorporate these experimental results into a computational model of human decision making. A decision is to be made at each simulation step between two choices: to keep on sleeping or to make a turnover, the selection of which is determined dynamically by comparing a pair of random numbers assigned to each choice. This decision is weighted by a single parameter that reflects the depth of sleep. The resulting simulated behavior accurately replicates many aspects of observed turnover patterns, including the appearance or disappearance of bimodality and leads to several predictions, suggesting that the depth parameter may be useful as a quantitative measure for differentiating between normal and pathological sleep. These findings have significant clinical implications and may pave the way for the development of practical sleep assessment technologies. PMID:24730888

Yoneyama, Mitsuru; Okuma, Yasuyuki; Utsumi, Hiroya; Terashi, Hiroo; Mitoma, Hiroshi

2014-03-01

500

Metabolic constrains on organic matter turnover within subsurface soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil represents one of the largest dynamic stocks of C on earth; therefore, understanding soil organic matter (SOM) turnover and its stabilization mechanisms are critical to forecasting changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Despite advances in our understanding of SOM mineralization, predicting changes in C turnover times remains challenging. In particular, little is known about how C is stabilized in subsurface soils where the physical structure (soil architecture) is a critical feature dictating the flow of solutes and gas. Owing to the contrast in advective-dominated transport along preferential flow paths in comparison to diffusive-dominated transport within the soil matrix, strong gradients in oxygen develop, and, as a consequence, a diversity of anaerobic metabolisms transpire even in seemingly aerated soil. Currently, we lack a detailed understanding of how the soil physical structure influences chemical environments, which then control microbial processing of C. Here we examine SOM stabilization mechanisms within subsurface soils that maintain their native structure and test if metabolic constrains exerts impact on net SOM turnover time. Our study site, Pu'u Eke forest on Kohala Mountain, Hawaii receives 3 m of rain annually and exhibits heterogeneity in flow paths due to shrink-swell property of hydrated short-range ordered minerals. Turnover time of C as well as SOM quality, mineralogy and microbial distribution and metabolisms were evaluated at millimeter resolution to quantitatively evaluate the importance of ped-based heterogeneity in processes controlling C. Our study shows the critical need to consider soil architecture when assessing SOM turnover rates, and micro-scale variation in chemical environment leading to anaerobic metabolisms is likely linked to SOM turnover rate.

Masue-Slowey, Y.; Chadwick, O.; Fendorf, S.

2011-12-01