Sample records for voluntary employee turnover

  1. Voluntary Turnover and Job Performance: Curvilinearity and the Moderating Influences of Salary Growth and Promotions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlie O. Trevor; Barry A. Gerhart; John W. Boudreau

    1997-01-01

    [Excerpt] The relationship between job performance and voluntary employee turnover was investigated for 5,143 exempt employees in a single firm. As hypothesized, support was found for E. F Jackofsky's (1984) curvilinear hypothesis, as turnover was higher for low and high performers than it was for average performers. Two potential moderators of the curvilinearity were examined in an attempt to explain

  2. Predictive models of employee voluntary turnover in a North American professional sales force using data-mining analysis 

    E-print Network

    Kane-Sellers, Marjorie Laura

    2009-05-15

    that measure the return on investment for training and development interventions. Further, these results that emerged from comprehensive data mining suggest that a structured training and development program embeds aspects of employee socialization that can...

  3. Retaining Your High Performers: Moderators of the Performance–Job Satisfaction–Voluntary Turnover Relationship

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony Nyberg

    2010-01-01

    Two divergent ideas explain the relationship between performance and voluntary turnover. One suggests that higher performing employees, who are rewarded for their superior work product, will desire to remain with an organization that values their performance and will, consequently, be less likely than lower performing employees to voluntarily leave. An alternative idea suggests that higher performing employees, who are more

  4. A longitudinal method of evaluating employee turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shan P. Tsai; Edward J. Bernacki; Lorraine J. Lucas

    1989-01-01

    This study presents a longitudinal method of evaluating employee turnover patterns using the life table technique. Whereas traditional cross-sectional analysis examines turnover at a given point in time, the life table method is a simple analytic technique to summarize employee turnover trends over time. Turnover probabilities calculated using this method are particularly useful in evaluating the effectiveness of job retention

  5. A Model of Voluntary Turnover in Male Canadian Forces Recruits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Renata Godlewski; Theresa Kline

    2012-01-01

    This study of voluntary turnover was conducted on Canadian Forces (CF) recruits (N = 459) undergoing basic military training. In response to growing voluntary attrition concerns, a model of early voluntary turnover was tested. The model included pre-entry individual characteristics (pre-entry normative commitment, desire for military career, and mental toughness), postentry work attitudes and intentions (normative CF commitment, affective commitment,

  6. Dynamic Aspects of Voluntary Turnover: An Integrated Approach to Curvilinearity in the Performance-Turnover Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, William J.; Cropanzano, Russell

    2011-01-01

    Previous research pertaining to job performance and voluntary turnover has been guided by 2 distinct theoretical perspectives. First, the push-pull model proposes that there is a quadratic or curvilinear relationship existing between these 2 variables. Second, the unfolding model of turnover posits that turnover is a dynamic process and that a…

  7. Determinants of turnover among nursing department employees.

    PubMed

    Curry, J P; Wakefield, D S; Price, J L; Mueller, C W; McCloskey, J C

    1985-12-01

    A causal model of turnover, or quitting, among hospital nursing department employees was evaluated. This model includes job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intent to leave as intervening variables that mediate 13 determinants of turnover. The sample consisted of 841 female nursing department employees selected from five hospitals in a western state. Attitudinal and background data were obtained through a mail questionnaire survey, and turnover was monitored for 18 months following the survey. Intent to leave had a strong direct effect on turnover while kinship responsibility, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment had indirect effects on turnover through intent to leave. Task repetitiveness, autonomy, promotional opportunities, and fairness of rewards were important determinants of jobs satisfaction and thus provide a mechanism whereby hospital management may enhance commitment to the organization while reducing turnover. PMID:3853253

  8. Developmental Climate: A Cross-level Analysis of Voluntary Turnover and Job Performance

    PubMed Central

    Spell, Hannah B.; Eby, Lillian T.; Vandenberg, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    This research investigates the influence of shared perceptions of developmental climate on individual-level perceptions of organizational commitment, engagement, and perceived competence, and whether these attitudes mediate the relationship between developmental climate and both individual voluntary turnover and supervisor-rated job performance. Survey data were collected from 361 intact employee-supervisory mentoring dyads and matched with employee turnover data collected one year later to test the proposed framework using multilevel modeling techniques. As expected, shared perceptions of developmental climate were significantly and positively related to all three individual work attitudes. In addition, both organizational commitment and perceived competence were significant mediators of the positive relationship between shared perceptions of developmental climate and voluntary turnover, as well as shared perceptions of developmental climate and supervisor-rated job performance. By contrast, no significant mediating effects were found for engagement. Theoretical implications, limitations, and future research are discussed. PMID:24748681

  9. Developmental Climate: A Cross-level Analysis of Voluntary Turnover and Job Performance.

    PubMed

    Spell, Hannah B; Eby, Lillian T; Vandenberg, Robert J

    2014-06-01

    This research investigates the influence of shared perceptions of developmental climate on individual-level perceptions of organizational commitment, engagement, and perceived competence, and whether these attitudes mediate the relationship between developmental climate and both individual voluntary turnover and supervisor-rated job performance. Survey data were collected from 361 intact employee-supervisory mentoring dyads and matched with employee turnover data collected one year later to test the proposed framework using multilevel modeling techniques. As expected, shared perceptions of developmental climate were significantly and positively related to all three individual work attitudes. In addition, both organizational commitment and perceived competence were significant mediators of the positive relationship between shared perceptions of developmental climate and voluntary turnover, as well as shared perceptions of developmental climate and supervisor-rated job performance. By contrast, no significant mediating effects were found for engagement. Theoretical implications, limitations, and future research are discussed. PMID:24748681

  10. Commitment Profiles and Employee Turnover

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley, Laura; Vandenberghe, Christian; Vandenberg, Robert; Bentein, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    We examined how affective (AC), normative (NC), perceived sacrifice (PS), and few alternatives (FA) commitments combine to form profiles and determine turnover intention and turnover. We theorized that three mechanisms account for how profiles operate, i.e., the degree to which membership is internally regulated, the perceived desirability and…

  11. Unit-level voluntary turnover rates and customer service quality: implications of group cohesiveness, newcomer concentration, and size.

    PubMed

    Hausknecht, John P; Trevor, Charlie O; Howard, Michael J

    2009-07-01

    Despite substantial growth in the service industry and emerging work on turnover consequences, little research examines how unit-level turnover rates affect essential customer-related outcomes. The authors propose an operational disruption framework to explain why voluntary turnover impairs customers' service quality perceptions. On the basis of a sample of 75 work units and data from 5,631 employee surveys, 59,602 customer surveys, and organizational records, results indicate that unit-level voluntary turnover rates are negatively related to service quality perceptions. The authors also examine potential boundary conditions related to the disruption framework. Of 3 moderators studied (group cohesiveness, group size, and newcomer concentration), results show that turnover's negative effects on service quality are more pronounced in larger units and in those with a greater concentration of newcomers. PMID:19594245

  12. Addressing employee turnover and retention: keeping your valued performers.

    PubMed

    McConnell, Charles R

    2011-01-01

    Employee turnover and employee retention are inextricably linked; to control turnover is to enhance retention. Turnover is a relatively simple concept; however, considerable confusion often results when addressing turnover because of differences in how it is defined; that is, what is counted, how it is counted, and how the turnover rates are expressed. Turnover is also costly, although not enough attention is paid to its cost because so much of it is indirect and thus not readily visible. There are a variety of causes of turnover, some that can be corrected and some that cannot be avoided. Reducing or otherwise controlling turnover requires continuing management attention to its causes and constant recognition of what can and should be controlled and what cannot be controlled. Ongoing attention to turnover is an essential part of the department manager's role; every improvement in turnover is a direct improvement in retention, with eventual positive effects on the bottom line. PMID:21808181

  13. Nonlicensed employee turnover in a long-term care facility.

    PubMed

    Gaddy, T; Bechtel, G A

    1995-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze nonlicensed employee turnover in a long-term care facility using Maslow's hierarchy of needs as a framework. During exit interviews, a convenience sample of 34 employees completed an attitudes and beliefs survey regarding their work environment. Findings were mixed; 39.6 percent of the employees stated positive personal relationships were a strength of the organization, although 24.3 percent resigned because of personal/staff conflicts. Financial concerns were not a major factor in their resignations. The study suggests that decreasing nonlicensed employee stress and increasing their personal satisfaction with patient care may decrease employee turnover. PMID:10142543

  14. How Multiple Interventions Influenced Employee Turnover: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatcher, Timothy

    1999-01-01

    A 3-year study of 46 textile industry workers identified causes of employee turnover (supervision, training, organizational communication) using performance analysis. A study of multiple interventions based on the analysis resulted in changes in orientation procedures, organizational leadership, and climate, reducing turnover by 24%. (SK)

  15. Reviewing Employee Turnover: Focusing on Proximal Withdrawal States and an Expanded Criterion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hom, Peter W.; Mitchell, Terence R.; Lee, Thomas W.; Griffeth, Rodger W.

    2012-01-01

    We reconceptualize employee turnover to promote researchers' understanding and prediction of why employees quit or stay in employing institutions. A literature review identifies shortcomings with prevailing turnover dimensions. In response, we expand the conceptual domain of the turnover criterion to include multiple types of turnover (notably,…

  16. Employees' views on outsourcing and its impact on employee turnover: A phenomenological study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Przybelinski, Steven A.

    Increasing use of outsourcing gives employees concern about personal job security. Using a modified van Kaam approach, this qualitative phenomenological study examined perceptions and experiences of 12 employees' on the influence outsourcing had on employee turnover. Five themes describing employee perceptions emerged: (a) preparation---education gives job security, (b) plausibility---all believed job loss plausible, (c) emotional influence---feelings of stress, threat, betrayal, and not being valued, (d) environment---value of communication and interaction with leaders, and (e) confidence---gained from increased education, skills, and knowledge protected from outsourcing. Significance of this study to leadership is the identification of employee perceptions of outsourcing and motivating factors influencing employee turnover during times of outsourcing. Findings might present new information and assist leaders with employee retention concerns for future outsourcing activities.

  17. Are Female Managers Quitters? The Relationships of Gender, Promotions, and Family Leaves of Absence to Voluntary Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen S. Lyness; Michael K. Judiesch

    2001-01-01

    This study examined the relationships of gender, promotions, and leaves of absence to voluntary turnover for 26,359 managers in a financial services organization. Using Cox regression analyses and controlling for human capital, the authors found that, contrary to their prediction, female managers' voluntary turnover rates were slightly lower than those of their male counterparts. Managers who had been promoted were

  18. The effect of the social organization of work on the voluntary turnover rate of hospital nurses in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan R. Bloom; Jeffrey A. Alexander; Beverly A. Nichols

    1992-01-01

    In light of current concerns over nursing shortages and productivity, voluntary turnover among hospital nurses in the United States has assumed renewed importance as a managerial issue. This study examines the thesis that the social organization of work in hospitals is an important determinant of the voluntary turnover rate among registered nurses. This perspective differs from previous work in this

  19. An exploratory study of employee turnover indicators as predictors of customer satisfaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert F. Hurley; Hooman Estelami

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The service profit chain postulates that higher employee satisfaction levels lead to high customer satisfaction, and ultimately affect consumer loyalty and profitability. One construct that has largely been ignored in most of this research has been the role of employee turnover. This paper proposes that employee turnover can also be a powerful predictor of employee sentiment and resulting

  20. Intraorganizational Career Advancement and Voluntary Turnover in a Multinational Bank in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Wei; Zhou, Xueguang

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to investigate how various aspects of intraorganizational career advancement--current career attainments, recent pace of upward mobility, and future prospect of career advancement--affect voluntary turnover, drawing empirical evidence from a multinational corporation (MNC) in Taiwan's cultural and labor market environment.…

  1. 26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-4 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; inurement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...shareholders, or highly compensated employees will not be considered disproportionate...prohibited inurement. A voluntary employees' beneficiary association...in the association, after satisfaction of all liabilities to existing...shareholders, or highly compensated employees of the employer....

  2. The effects of polychronic-orientation upon retail employee satisfaction and turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aaron Arndt; Todd J. Arnold; Timothy D. Landry

    2006-01-01

    Keeping front-line retail employees satisfied, and subsequently reducing their turnover, is important in retail management. This study introduces polychronic-orientation, or an employee's preference for switching between multiple tasks within the same time-block, as an employee trait with important implications for retail employee turnover. It demonstrates empirically that a polychronic-orientation has both direct (employee fit) and indirect (through fairness perceptions) effects

  3. Intermediate linkages in the relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William H. Mobley

    1977-01-01

    The relationship between job satisfaction and turnover is significant and consistent, but not particularly strong. A more complete understanding of the psychology of the withdrawal decision process requires investigation beyond the replication of the satisfaction–turnover relationship. Toward this end, a heuristic model of the employee withdrawal decision process, which identifies possible intermediate linkages in the satisfaction–turnover relationship, is presented. Previous

  4. Human Resource Practices as Predictors of Work-Family Outcomes and Employee Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosemary Batt; P. Monique Valcour

    2001-01-01

    Drawing on a non-random sample of 557 dual- earner white collar employees, this paper explores the relationship between human resource practices and three outcomes of interest to firms and employees: work-family conflict, employees’ control over managing work and family demands, and employeesturnover intentions. We analyze three types of human resource practices: work-family policies, HR incentives designed to induce attachment

  5. Labor Pains: Change in Organizational Models and Employee Turnover in Young, High-Tech Firms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James N. Baron; Michael T. Hannan; M. Diane Burton

    2001-01-01

    [Excerpt] Organizational theories, especially ecological perspectives, emphasize the disruptive effects of change. However, the mechanisms producing these effects are seldom examined explicitly. This article ex-amines one such mechanism-employee turnover. Analyzing a sample of high-technology start-ups, we show that changes in the employment models or blueprints embraced by organizational leaders increase turnover, which in turn adversely affects subsequent organizational performance. Turnover

  6. The influence of ethical fit on employee satisfaction, commitment and turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Randi L. Sims; K. Galen Kroeck

    1994-01-01

    This study examines the influence of ethical fit on employee attitudes and intentions to turnover. The results of this investigation provides support for the conjecture that ethical work climate is an important variable in the study of person-organization fit. Ethical fit was found to be significantly related to turnover intentions, continuance commitment, and affective commitment, but not to job satisfaction.

  7. A Study on the Employee Turnover Antecedents in ITES/BPO Sector

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sree Rekha, K. R.; Kamalanabhan, T. J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims at testing a conceptual model connecting variables of the internal and external work environment to ITES/BPO employee turnover. Based on the gaps identified from the literature that no single model explains in a comprehensive way as to why, people choose to leave and the lack of turnover studies on call centers located in India.…

  8. Impact Of Stress On Employee Productivity, Performance And Turnover; An Important Managerial Issue

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Subha Imtiaz; Shakil Ahmad

    2009-01-01

    Stress is a universal element and persons from nearly every walk of life have to face stress. Employers today are critically analyzing the stress management issues that contribute to lower job performance of employee originating from dissatisfaction &high turnover ultimately affecting organizational goals and objectives. How stress affects employee performance, managerial responsibility, & consequences high stress are basic aims of

  9. Job and organizational determinants of nursing home employee commitment, job satisfaction and intent to turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Karsh; B. C. Booske; F. Sainfort

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether job characteristics, the work environment, participation in quality improvement activities and facility quality improvement environment predicted employee commitment and job satisfaction in nursing homes, and whether those same predictors and commitment and satisfaction predicted turnover intention. A total of 6584 nursing home employees from 76 nursing homes in a midwestern state

  10. College and University Foodservice Perceptions of Employee Training on Productivity and Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. L. Hackes; F. L. Hamouz

    1995-01-01

    Three major types of training--orientation, skill based and growth and development--may be used to change employee performance. Employee training is common in college and university foodservice but its impact on productivity and turnover is not well defined. A survey instrument was developed to assess differences between training for part-time and full-time employees and to determine if training programs were effective

  11. Corporate social responsibility and labor turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald F. Vitaliano

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to estimate empirically the effect on the voluntary turnover (quit) rate of employees when a large public corporation already judged as an outstanding employer is also ranked as being socially responsible by an external review organization. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper employs a cross-section regression of the turnover rate of 84 of Fortune magazine's “100 Best

  12. Race Effects on the Employee Engagement-Turnover Intention Relationship

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James R. Jones; James K. Harter

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we review extant research findings on employee engagement. We then outline and test potential differences in the relationship between engagement and intent to remain with the organization, based upon variations in the racial composition of the supervisor-employee dyad. Our analyses revealed an interaction whereby at low levels of engagement, members of different-race dyads report a lower tendency

  13. The Impact of Employee Engagement Factors and Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Mary Lynn; Morris, Michael L.

    2008-01-01

    The current literature review examined a proposed relationship between the antecedent-employee engagement factors--and the outcome variable turnover intent mediated by job satisfaction. Kahn's Personal Engagement Theory, Equity Theory, and Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Job Satisfaction were used as the theoretical underpinnings for the review.…

  14. Employee Safety Training VOLUNTARY USE OF FILTERING FACEPIECE RESPIRATORS

    E-print Network

    Slatton, Clint

    seal between the respirator and the face. Skin afflictions, such as dermatitis, or scars, could affect the ability to produce a seal. User seal checks confirm that an adequate seal with the face is achieved when-adjusted on the face. ­ Review manufacturers' instructions for conducting user seal checks with employee. 3

  15. 5 CFR 317.303 - Status of employees who decline voluntary conversion to the Senior Executive Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...employees who decline voluntary conversion to the Senior Executive Service. 317.303 Section 317...CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Conversion to the Senior Executive Service § 317.303 Status...

  16. Predicting Customer Service Employees’ Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intentions: The Roles of Customer Interactional Injustice and Interdependent Self-Construal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Camilla M. Holmvall; Jasleen Sidhu

    2007-01-01

    Research has primarily examined supervisors and coworkers as sources of unfair interpersonal treatment (i.e., interactional\\u000a injustice) in the workplace. Unfair treatment, however, can also originate with customers. Using a cross-sectional, correlational\\u000a research design (N = 172), we examined the associations among customer injustice, employee job satisfaction, and turnover intentions. Drawing\\u000a on relational theories of fairness, we also examined whether employees who more

  17. The Role of Perceived Organizational Support and Supportive Human Resource Practices in the Turnover Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David G. Allen; Lynn M. Shore; Rodger W. Griffeth

    2003-01-01

    A model investigating antecedents of perceived organizational support (POS) and the role of POS in predicting voluntary turnover was developed and tested in two samples via structural equation modeling. Both samples of employees (N = 215 department store salespeople; N = 197 insurance agents) completed attitude surveys that were related to turnover data collected approximately 1 year later. Results suggest

  18. The Rise of Voluntary Work in Higher Education and Corporate Social Responsibility in Business: Perspectives of Students and Graduate Employees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin Gray

    2010-01-01

    The Higher Education and Employment strand of the Learning for Life project focused on exploring some of the values of 169 students and graduate employees (Arthur et al. 2009a, b). A major theme suggested by participants, which arose naturally from the data and emerged from people’s accounts during\\u000a in-depth interviews, involved the close relationship they felt existed between voluntary work

  19. Causes and consequences of collective turnover: a meta-analytic review.

    PubMed

    Heavey, Angela L; Holwerda, Jacob A; Hausknecht, John P

    2013-05-01

    Given growing interest in collective turnover (i.e., employee turnover at unit and organizational levels), the authors propose an organizing framework for its antecedents and consequences and test it using meta-analysis. Based on analysis of 694 effect sizes drawn from 82 studies, results generally support expected relationships across the 6 categories of collective turnover antecedents, with somewhat stronger and more consistent results for 2 categories: human resource management inducements/investments and job embeddedness signals. Turnover was negatively related to numerous performance outcomes, more strongly so for proximal rather than distal outcomes. Several theoretically grounded moderators help to explain average effect-size heterogeneity for both antecedents and consequences of turnover. Relationships generally did not vary according to turnover type (e.g., total or voluntary), although the relative absence of collective-level involuntary turnover studies is noted and remains an important avenue for future research. PMID:23668597

  20. Predicting Turnover Intentions and Turnover Behavior: A Multivariate Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parasuraman, Saroj

    1982-01-01

    Assessed the relative influence of personal, attitudinal, and behavioral variables on behavioral intentions and voluntary turnover among nonsupervisory plant workers. Results show that personal variables have little direct effect on turnover; rather, their influence on turnover is channeled through their effects on behavioral intentions. (Author)

  1. Relationship of Job Stress and Type-A Behavior to Employees' Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, Psychosomatic Health Problems, and Turnover Motivation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Jamal

    1990-01-01

    The present study examined the relationship of job stress, job stressors, and Type-A behavior pattern with employees' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, psychosomatic health problems, and turnover motivation among full-time nurses (N = 215) working in a large Canadian hospital. Both job stress and stressors (role ambiguity, overload, conflict, and resource inadequacy) were significantly related to four outcome variables. Type-A behavior

  2. How Serious of a Problem is Staff Turnover in Substance Abuse Treatment? A Longitudinal Study of Actual Turnover1

    PubMed Central

    Eby, Lillian T.; Burk, Hannah; Maher, Charleen P.

    2010-01-01

    In the substance abuse treatment field, the annual turnover rate is cited as being anywhere between 19 and 50 percent (Johnson & Roman, 2002; Gallon, Gabriel, & Knudsen, 2003; Knudsen et al., 2003; McLellan et al., 2003). However, no research to date has evaluated these claims by tracking turnover longitudinally using organizational turnover data from substance abuse treatment centers. This research presents the results of a longitudinal study designed to systematically examine actual turnover among counselors and clinical supervisors. Twenty-seven geographically dispersed treatment organizations, serving a wide range of clients in the public and private sector, provided data for the study over a two year time span (2008–2009). The annual turnover rate was 33.2% for counselors and 23.4% for clinical supervisors. For both groups the majority of turnover was voluntary (employee-initiated). Specific reasons for turnover were largely consistent across the two groups, with the most common reason being a new job or new opportunity. The findings are discussed in terms of the unique employment context of substance abuse treatment. Practical recommendations are also discussed to help stem the tide of turnover in the field of substance abuse treatment. PMID:20675097

  3. How Fleet Bank fought employee flight.

    PubMed

    Nalbantian, Haig R; Szostak, Anne

    2004-04-01

    In the late 1990s, Fleet Bank was facing high and rising employee turnover, particularly in its retail operations. Overall turnover had reached 25% annually, and among some groups, such as tellers and customer service reps, turnover was as high as 40%. Using a new methodology developed by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, Fleet set out to determine why so many employees were leaving and what could be done to retain them. It began examining data from HR, finance, operations, and sales about employee behavior and the factors that influence it in different locations and labor markets, departments or work groups, in positions with different pay and benefits, and under different supervisors. Fleet's analysis showed that people were leaving not so much for better pay--their personal testimony notwithstanding--but for broader experience, which they thought would enhance their marketability. Additionally, the analysis revealed a link between the turnover problem and the company's busy history of mergers and acquisitions. Fleet's mergers and acquisitions. frequently meant that it had to consolidate operations. That consolidation resulted in layoffs, which provoked higher levels of voluntary turnover, perhaps because remaining employees began worrying about their job security. While the obvious solution to the turnover problem might have been to compensate the remaining employees--say, with higher pay--the more effective and less costly solution, Fleet discovered, was to focus on employees' career opportunities within the company. Those who moved up the hierarchy, or who even made lateral moves, stayed longer. By offering better internal opportunities for career development, the bank was able to stanch much of the hemorrhaging in personnel. Its solutions required only modest investments, which in the end saved the company millions of dollars. PMID:15077372

  4. Turnover Begets Turnover

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castle, Nicholas G.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This study examined the association between turnover of caregivers and turnover of nursing home top management. The top managers examined were administrators and directors of nursing, and the caregivers examined were registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and nurse aides. Design and Methods: The data came from a survey of 419…

  5. The Delta Dental PPO Plus Premier Incented Voluntary Plan is an employee-paid dental plan, that will enable you and your family to enjoy the benefits of quality, affordable dental care from dentists in Massachusetts and across the country.

    E-print Network

    Dennett, Daniel

    The Delta Dental PPO Plus Premier Incented Voluntary Plan is an employee-paid dental plan participate in the Delta Dental PPO or Delta Dental Premier networks is shown below. Any limitations that may the backside of this document for information about how to use your plan. Delta Dental PPO Plus Premier

  6. Does Public Service Motivation Really Make a Difference on the Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intentions of Public Employees?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonard Bright

    2008-01-01

    Many in public administration hypothesize that public service motivation (PSM) has a direct positive impact on the attitudes and behaviors of public employees. However, there are inconsistencies in the PSM literature that challenge this hypothesis. This study sought to find out whether person-organization (P-O) fit can provide a reason for these inconsistencies. Specifically, this study explored whether the relationships among

  7. Job performance and turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas N. Martin; J. L. Price; Charles W. Mueller

    1981-01-01

    The literature on job performance and turnover generally indicates that employees who leave their organization are better performers. This hypothesized relationship was tested for 162 female registered nurses who were evaluated by their supervisors using the Slater Nursing Competence Rating Scale. Nurses who left their jobs did not perform significantly better than those who stayed. Four issues related to performance–withdrawal

  8. Involuntary Turnover Among Small-Town Superintendents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, William L.; Eaton, William E.

    1996-01-01

    Two studies investigated the involuntary turnover of small-town school superintendents. The studies involved interviewing county superintendents and examining state financial records from Illinois. Results indicated that it was personal and political conflicts that most often dictated the high superintendent turnover (both voluntary and…

  9. Employees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biggs, Thomas S., Jr.

    In 1979 judicial activity continued to add to the body of law available relative to relationships between universities and colleges and their employees. Cases touched on the nature of the contract when an offer of employment has been made and accepted, benefits and working conditions, and termination and the procedural safeguards involved.…

  10. Job satisfaction and turnover in the Chinese retail industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate employee turnover in a leading Chinese retail organisation, where high turnover rates are recognised as being a major issue for human resource strategy. The study seeks to focus on the job satisfaction-turnover relationship, examining how this is moderated by occupation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review on employee job satisfaction and

  11. Employee Retention of the X and Y Generation Employees at ABC

    E-print Network

    Shatto, Sean

    2009-05-15

    Cost of Turnover.......................................................................................................................... 14 Reasons Employees Leave................................................................................................................... 17 How to... Hire.......................................................................................................................................... 20 What To Pay......................................................................................................................................... 23 Orientation Leads to...

  12. Turnover: strategies for staff retention.

    PubMed

    SnowAntle, S

    1990-01-01

    This discussion has focused on a number of areas where organizations may find opportunities for more effectively managing employee retention. Given the multitude of causes and consequences, there is no one quick fix. Effective management of employee retention requires assessment of the entire human resources process, that is, recruitment, selection, job design, compensation, supervision, work conditions, etc. Regular and systematic diagnosis of turnover and implementation of multiple strategies and evaluation are needed (Mobley, 1982). PMID:10106673

  13. Voluntary euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Brewin, Thurstan B

    1986-05-10

    Brewin comments upon James Rachels' The End of Life (Oxford University Press; 1986) and Voluntary Euthanasia (Peter Owen; 1986), a compilation edited by A.B. Downing and B. Smoker that is an expanded version of a 1969 work by Britain's Voluntary Euthanasia Society. Rachels maintains that it is illogical to distinguish between active and passive euthanasia. In Voluntary Euthanasia, 17 contributors argue the pros and cons of the issue. The Voluntary Euthanasia Society proposes that mentally competent persons be allowed by law to request euthanasia, either when taken ill or by advance directive. Brewin says he is almost but not quite convinced by the arguments for legalized voluntary euthanasia. He is concerned about the "slippery slope," the uncertainties of prognosis and quality of life judgments, the pressures to which the terminally ill or aged might be subjected, and the potentially negative impact of euthanasia on the physician patient relationship. PMID:11644495

  14. Turnover Time

    EPA Science Inventory

    Ecosystems contain energy and materials such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water, and are open to their flow-through. Turnover time refers to the amount of time required for replacement by flow-through of the energy or substance of interest contained in the system, and is ...

  15. 34 CFR 32.4 - Employee response.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Secretary. An employee who arranges for a voluntary repayment schedule may nonetheless request a waiver of the overpayment under paragraph (b) of this section. (b) Waiver. An employee seeking a waiver of collection of the debt that is authorized...

  16. Employee Exit Interviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulk, Larry J.

    1984-01-01

    Describes an exit interview procedure for employees leaving the school system designed to identify potential personnel problems, maintain good employee relations, provide statistics on reasons for turnover, and provide assessment data for inservice education programs. Reports statistical data based on interview implementation, 1981-83. (TE)

  17. Turnover and Mobility: A Management Problem for Small Dailies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tharp, Marty

    A study examined the effects of employee turnover (employees who were fired, laid off, retired, or left for other reasons) and mobility (employees who left one newspaper to work for another newspaper or other journalism medium) on small daily newspapers (under 25,000 circulation). The study surveyed 300 newsroom editors and 600 reporters (with a…

  18. Staff turnover in the NHS: a preliminary economic analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alastair Gray; Charles Normand; Elizabeth Currie

    1988-01-01

    Drawing on evidence collected from 8 Regional Health Authorities and 47 District Health Authorities, this pilot study explores the level, causes and costs of staff turnover in the NHS. It finds: 1. Previous research has ignored turnover costs and neglected staff groups other than nurses. 2. One in four non-medical employees leave their job each year. 3. A lower proportion

  19. Career Adaptability, Turnover and Loyalty during Organizational Downsizing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klehe, Ute-Christine; Zikic, Jelena; Van Vianen, Annelies E. M.; De Pater, Irene E.

    2011-01-01

    During organizational restructuring and downsizing, employees often worry about being redundant, actually are redundant, and/or feel unsatisfied with their jobs. Employees, in turn, often react with poor loyalty to and high voluntary exit from the organization. The current study addresses this process from a careers' perspective, showing that…

  20. Examining the Job Search-Turnover Relationship: The Role of Embeddedness, Job Satisfaction, and Available Alternatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swider, Brian W.; Boswell, Wendy R.; Zimmerman, Ryan D.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined factors that may help explain under what conditions employee job search effort may most strongly (or weakly) predict subsequent turnover. As predicted, the job search-turnover relationship was stronger when employees had lower levels of job embeddedness and job satisfaction and higher levels of available alternatives. These…

  1. Effect of diversity on turnover: A large case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan S. Leonard; David I. Levine

    2006-01-01

    Using longitudinal data collected in 1996-98 from over 800 similar workplaces owned and operated by a single corporation, the authors examine how workplace diversity and employee isolation along the dimensions of gender, race, and age affected employee turnover. Their design controls for much of the variation in job characteristics and labor markets that have confounded other studies of diversity. They

  2. Predictors of Staff Turnover and Turnover Intentions within Addiction Treatment Settings: Change Over Time Matters.

    PubMed

    Garner, Bryan R; Hunter, Brooke D

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which changes over time in clinicians' responses to measures of work attitude (eg, job satisfaction) and psychological climate (eg, supervisor support) could predict actual turnover and turnover intentions above and beyond absolute levels of these respective measures. Longitudinal data for this study were collected from a sample of clinicians (N = 96) being trained to implement an evidence-based treatment for adolescent substance use disorders. Supporting findings from a recent staff turnover study, we found job satisfaction change was able to predict actual turnover above and beyond average levels of job satisfaction. Representing new contributions to the staff turnover literature, we also found that change over time in several other key measures (eg, job satisfaction, role manageability, role clarity) explained a significant amount of variance in turnover intentions above and beyond the absolute level of each respective measure. A key implication of the current study is that organizations seeking to improve their ability to assess risk for staff turnover may want to consider assessing staff at multiple points in time in order to identify systematic changes in key employee attitudes like turnover intentions and job satisfaction. PMID:25336960

  3. The satisfaction and retention of frontline employees : A customer satisfaction measurement approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roland T. Rust; Greg L. Stewart; Heather Miller; Debbie Pielack

    1996-01-01

    Argues that employee turnover is highest among employees who are not satisfied with their jobs. Because qualified employees are becoming more scarce and difficult to retain, organizations need to focus on increasing employee satisfaction. Suggests that one useful approach for increasing employee satisfaction is to view workers as customers. Based on the notion of employee as customer, illustrates how a

  4. Enhancing Precision in the Prediction of Voluntary Turnover and Retirement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Daryl R.; Holtom, Brooks C.; Mitchell, Terence R.

    2011-01-01

    The present research examines the differential validity of the facets of organizational commitment and job embeddedness to predict who will reenlist or retire from a branch of the armed services. We tested hypotheses with survey data from 1839 enlisted personnel in the U.S. Air Force. For personnel facing the decision to reenlist or separate,…

  5. EMPLOYEE RIGHTS EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Venkat

    EMPLOYEE RIGHTS EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT PROHIBITIONS EXEMPTIONS EXAMINEE RIGHTS permits polygraph (a kind of lie detector) tests to be administered in the private sector, subject), and of pharmaceutical manufacturers, distributors and dispensers. The Act also permits polygraph testing, subject

  6. Does Enhancing Work-Time Control and Flexibility Reduce Turnover? A Naturally Occurring Experiment

    PubMed Central

    Moen, Phyllis; Kelly, Erin L.; Hill, Rachelle

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the turnover effects of an organizational innovation (ROWE—Results Only Work Environment) aimed at moving away from standard time practices to focus on results rather than time spent at work. To model rates of turnover, we draw on survey data from a sample of employees at a corporate headquarters (N = 775) and institutional records of turnover over eight months following the ROWE implementation. We find the odds of turnover are indeed lower for employees participating in the ROWE initiative, which offers employees greater work-time control and flexibility, and that this is the case regardless of employees’ gender, age, or family life stage. ROWE also moderates the turnover effects of organizational tenure and negative home-to-work spillover, physical symptoms, and job insecurity, with those in ROWE who report these situations generally less likely to leave the organization. Additionally, ROWE reduces turnover intentions among those remaining with the corporation. This research moves the “opting-out” argument from one of private troubles to an issue of greater employee work-time control and flexibility by showing that an organizational policy initiative can reduce turnover. PMID:21532909

  7. Occupational turnover intentions among substance abuse counselors

    PubMed Central

    Rothrauff, Tanja C.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Bride, Brian E.; Roman, Paul M.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined predictor, moderator, and mediator variables of occupational turnover intention (OcTI) among substance abuse counselors. Data were obtained via questionnaires from 929 counselors working in 225 private substance abuse treatment (SAT) programs across the U.S. Hierarchical multiple regression models were conducted to assess predictor, moderator, and mediator variables of OcTI. OcTI scores were relatively low on a 7-point scale, indicating that very few counselors definitely intended to leave the SAT field. Age, certification, positive perceptions of procedural and distributive justice, and hospital-based status negatively predicted OcTI. Counselors’ substance use disorder impacted history moderated the association between organizational commitment and OcTI. Organizational turnover intention partially mediated the link between organizational commitment and OcTI. Workforce stability might be achieved by promoting perceptions of advantages to working in a particular treatment program, organizational commitment, showing appreciation for counselors’ work, and valuing employees from diverse backgrounds. PMID:20947285

  8. Voluntary Short-Term Disability Insurance SUMMARY OF BENEFITS

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Voluntary Short-Term Disability Insurance SUMMARY OF BENEFITS Sponsored by: Georgia Southern University Effective date: January 1, 2012 Employees with a 60% Benefit / 11 week benefit Short for coverage on the policy effective date. Maximum Weekly Benefit 60% of weekly salary up to $1,500 per week

  9. THE IMPACT OF INCREASED EMPLOYEE RETENTION UPON PERFORMANCE IN A CUSTOMER CONTACT CENTER

    E-print Network

    Whitt, Ward

    by low employee job satisfaction, as evidenced by high turnover, referred to as churn [11]. There is good employee job satisfaction, can improve performance. The employees we are thinking of are customer serviceTHE IMPACT OF INCREASED EMPLOYEE RETENTION UPON PERFORMANCE IN A CUSTOMER CONTACT CENTER by Ward

  10. Avifauna: Turnover on Islands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ernst Mayr

    1965-01-01

    The percentage of endemic species of birds on islands increases with island area at a double logarithmic rate. This relation is apparently due to extinction, which is more rapid the smaller the island. The turnover resulting from extinction and replacement appears to be far more rapid than hitherto suspected.

  11. Firm and Employee Effects of an Enterprise Information System: Micro-econometric Evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek C. Jones; Panu Kalmi; Antti Kauhanen

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the impact of adopting an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system on performance changes and employee outcomes in a retail chain. We find that: (i) sales and inventory turnover initially drop by 7 % and recover in 6-12 months; (ii) inventory turnover recovers more quickly for establishments that adopt ERP later; (iii) employee outcomes, including increased workload, greater job

  12. A Qualitative Study of the Effects of Employee Retention on the Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Tara Lynn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences and perceptions of 20 customer service agents regarding employee turnover. Building upon the Herzberg 2-factor theory, research was conducted to identify factors contributing to employee turnover. Data were collected through participant interviews and explored using…

  13. How Has CEO Turnover Changed?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven N. Kaplan; Bernadette A. Minton

    2012-01-01

    AbstractWe study CEO turnover – both internal (board driven) and external (through takeover and bankruptcy) – from 1992 to 2007 for a sample of large US companies. Annual CEO turnover is higher than that estimated in previous studies over earlier periods. Turnover is 15.8% from 1992 to 2007, implying an average tenure as CEO of less than 7 years. In

  14. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Assessment of Annex A Requirements #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Annex A Committee · Thomas Hettenhouser Laboratory Accreditation Program Recent Committee Discussions · Lack of NVLAP symbol use · Interpretation

  15. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Assessment Techniques #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Outline · Purpose of the Types of Assessments Accreditation Program Assessment - Definition · Process undertaken by an accreditation body to assess

  16. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Calibration Certificate Review Discussion #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Calibration Certificate Review do not have the staff with the competency your account deserves." This is a quote from an accredited

  17. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Assessing Traceability and Uncertainty Impacts on Traceability #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Pertinent Accreditation Program The Requirements: Handbook 150 5.6.1 General All equipment used for tests and

  18. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training NIST Handbook 150 ISO/IEC 17025 #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NIST Handbook 150 2006 Edition NVLAP 3 Accreditation process 4 Management requirements for accreditation 5 Technical requirements

  19. An Investigation of the Influence of the IS Context on the Determinants of Turnover Intentions in Korea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyootai Lee; Kailash Joshi; Mueun Bae

    2010-01-01

    Management of IS employees' turnover has been one of the important areas of research in the IS discipline. Prior IS studies have focused on personality factors that differentiate IS personnel from non-IS personnel. Unlike prior studies, this study examines job contextual factors that may be salient in IS personnel turnover. Seven variables that have been frequently employed as determinants of

  20. The effects of inter-role conflicts on turnover intention among frontline service providers: does gender matter?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Min-Hsin Huang; Zhao-Hong Cheng

    2011-01-01

    This study contrasts the different levels of the work and family conflict on turnover intention between male and female service employees. A conceptual model of the relationship between work-family conflicts (WFCs), family-work conflicts (FWCs), job stress, job satisfaction, and turnover intention is proposed and empirically tested across male and female service providers. The moderated multiple regression models are applied to

  1. The effects of inter-role conflicts on turnover intention among frontline service providers: does gender matter?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Min-Hsin Huang; Zhao-Hong Cheng

    2012-01-01

    This study contrasts the different levels of the work and family conflict on turnover intention between male and female service employees. A conceptual model of the relationship between work-family conflicts (WFCs), family-work conflicts (FWCs), job stress, job satisfaction, and turnover intention is proposed and empirically tested across male and female service providers. The moderated multiple regression models are applied to

  2. What does nurse turnover rate mean and what is the rate?

    PubMed

    Kovner, Christine T; Brewer, Carol S; Fatehi, Farida; Jun, Jin

    2014-01-01

    Registered nurse turnover is an important indicator of the nurse job market. Despite its wide use as a measure for health-care system analysis, there is a lack of consistency in the definition of turnover. Some definitions include any nurse leaving an organization; others may include involuntary and voluntary leaving. These inconsistent definitions also result in various turnover rates. The RN Work Project is a 10-year panel study of new nurses. Data were collected from the new nurses, rather than from a specific organization. About 17.5% of new nurses leave their first job within 1 year of starting their jobs. Consistent and accurate measurement of turnover is an important step in addressing organizational work environments and policies about the nursing workforce. PMID:25156041

  3. Substance Use Disorder Counselors’ Job Performance and Turnover after 1 Year: Linear or Curvilinear Relationship?1

    PubMed Central

    Laschober, Tanja C.; de Tormes Eby, Lillian Turner

    2013-01-01

    The main goals of the current study were to investigate whether there are linear or curvilinear relationships between substance use disorder counselors’ job performance and actual turnover after 1 year utilizing four indicators of job performance and three turnover statuses (voluntary, involuntary, and no turnover as the reference group). Using longitudinal data from 440 matched counselor-clinical supervisor dyads, results indicate that overall, counselors with lower job performance are more likely to turn over voluntarily and involuntarily than not to turn over. Further, one of the job performance measures shows a significant curvilinear effect. We conclude that the negative consequences often assumed to be “caused” by counselor turnover may be overstated because those who leave both voluntarily and involuntarily demonstrate generally lower performance than those who remain employed at their treatment program. PMID:22527711

  4. Substance use disorder counselors' job performance and turnover after 1 year: linear or curvilinear relationship?

    PubMed

    Laschober, Tanja C; de Tormes Eby, Lillian Turner

    2013-07-01

    The main goals of the current study were to investigate whether there are linear or curvilinear relationships between substance use disorder counselors' job performance and actual turnover after 1 year utilizing four indicators of job performance and three turnover statuses (voluntary, involuntary, and no turnover as the reference group). Using longitudinal data from 440 matched counselor-clinical supervisor dyads, results indicate that overall, counselors with lower job performance are more likely to turn over voluntarily and involuntarily than not to turn over. Further, one of the job performance measures shows a significant curvilinear effect. We conclude that the negative consequences often assumed to be "caused" by counselor turnover may be overstated because those who leave both voluntarily and involuntarily demonstrate generally lower performance than those who remain employed at their treatment program. PMID:22527711

  5. Integrating Turnover Reasons and Shocks with Turnover Decision Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maertz, Carl P., Jr.; Kmitta, Kayla R.

    2012-01-01

    We interviewed and classified 186 quitters from many jobs and organizations via a theoretically-based protocol into five decision process types. We then tested exploratory hypotheses comparing users of these types on their propensity to report certain turnover reasons and turnover shocks. "Impulsive-type quitters," with neither a job offer in hand…

  6. On voluntary ocular accommodation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert R. Provine; Jay M. Enoch

    1975-01-01

    Young observers were challenged to induce a marked monocular accommodative response to a relatively weak accommodative stimulus\\u000a by placing a-9 diopter contact lens on the eye. At first, observers could not produce the desired response, but with training,\\u000a three of four subjects achieved criterion. Both a voluntary accommodative response and a response to an adequate accommodative\\u000a stimulus were apparently involved.

  7. Protein turnover in retina.

    PubMed

    Ames, A; Parks, J M; Nesbett, F B

    1980-07-01

    Rabbit retinas were exposed in vitro to 0.5-h pulses of [3H]leucine or [14C]leucine. Some retinas were harvested promptly after labeling to measure synthesis. These were combined, in double-labeling experiments, with retinas that had been returned to unlabeled medium for a subsequent 1 h or 3.75 h to measure degradation. All of the proteins were solubilized, and separated according to size by gel electrophoresis. The gels were cut into 95 slices, and each slice was differentially counted. The amount of protein in the slice was estimated from the Coomassie blue staining, and its molecular weight from the distribution of molecular weight (MW) standards. Turnover rates of the various sizes of proteins were calculated from these data using certain well-defined assumptions. Retinal protein contained about 32 X 10(3) nmol of polypeptide per g, with a median MW of 27,000. Total synthesis was at the rate of 103 nmol/g of protein/h, with the most rapid synthesis in the 33,000--43,000 MW range, at 2 nmol/g/h for every 1000 increment in MW. Protein renewal averaged 0.52%/h, but varied directly (p < 0.0001) with MW, so that proteins of 10,000 MW were being renewed at about 0.1%/h and proteins of 140,000 MW at about 1.4%/h. Taken together, the measurements of fractional renewal and the measurements of degradation of the newly synthesized proteins demonstrated that each slice contained proteins with markedly different breakdown coefficients, and provided enough information to characterize the proteins in the slice in terms of a fast and slow subgroup. This analysis indicated that: breakdown coefficients varied much more than rates of synthesis and were therefore the prime determinant of the amount of each protein that was present; as MW increased, breakdown coefficients of the long-lived proteins increased (p < 0.0001), accounting in major part for the correlation between size and turnover; most staining bands were due to proteins with peculiarly long lifespans; the proteins with the slowest turnover of all appeared to be histones; there was an unusually rapid synthesis of a 138,000 MW polypeptide with a moderately short half-life (about 3 h). PMID:7452249

  8. HRM Practices and Organizational Commitment: A Study about IT Employees from Chinese Private-Owned Enterprises

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kun Qiao; Xiaolin Luan; Xiaoyun Wang

    2008-01-01

    Due to the high turnover rates and costs, organizations of information technology (IT) industry have shifted from perceiving employees as a replaceable workforce to seeing them as a valued asset. Attracting, managing and retaining valuable employees become urgent to Chinese private-owned IT enterprises in this competitive environment. The aim of this paper was to distinguish the perceptions of Chinese employees

  9. Understanding China's Post80 employees' work attitudes: an explorative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qinxuan Gu; Lihong Wang; Judy Y. Sun; Yanni Xu

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationships among job and career satisfactions, work commitment, and turnover intentions for the Post-80 employees in China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 290 of China's Post-80 employees from 19 knowledge-intensive companies were surveyed. Structural equation modeling was used for data analysis. Findings – The perceptions of selected Post-80 employees

  10. [Voluntary euthanasia in the Netherlands].

    PubMed

    Gordijn, B

    2001-11-16

    On 10 April last, the Dutch Senat accepted a new bill concerning voluntary active euthanasia and physician assisted suicide. This bill legally embodies a ground for exemption from punishment for physicians who conducted voluntary active euthanasia or physician assisted suicide and who complied with certain requirements. Hence, the old policy of tolerance has been transformed into a legal system of acceptance of certain forms of voluntary active euthanasia and physician assisted suicide. This contribution describes these legal changes as the final stage of a process of integration of voluntary active euthanasia and physician assisted suicide in Dutch society. In this way, it endeavours to contribute to a constructive debate. PMID:11709738

  11. The Role of Pay Satisfaction in Instructor Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Jackson

    2009-01-01

    Voluntary employee turnover is a major factor affecting adventure education (AE) organizations (Garret, 2003). Voluntary turnover often is dysfunctional for both employees and organizations (Birmingham, 1989; Podsakoff, LePine, & LePine, 2007). Turnover can result in increased employee and organizational costs (e.g., McKinney, Bartlett, &…

  12. Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James K. Harter; Frank L. Schmidt; Theodore L. Hayes

    2002-01-01

    Based on 7,939 business units in 36 companies, this study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship at the business-unit level between employee satisfaction- engagement and the business-unit outcomes of customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, and accidents. Generalizable relationships large enough to have substantial practical value were found between unit-level employee satisfaction- engagement and these business-unit outcomes. One implication is

  13. Business-Unit-Level Relationship Between Employee Satisfaction, Employee Engagement, and Business Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James K. Harter; Frank L. Schmidt; Theodore L. Hayes

    2002-01-01

    Based on 7,939 business units in 36 companies, this study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship at the business-unit level between employee satisfaction–engagement and the business-unit outcomes of customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, and accidents. Generalizable relationships large enough to have substantial practical value were found between unit-level employee satisfaction–engagement and these business-unit outcomes. One implication is that changes

  14. Operant Variability and Voluntary Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuringer, Allen; Jensen, Greg

    2010-01-01

    A behavior-based theory identified 2 characteristics of voluntary acts. The first, extensively explored in operant-conditioning experiments, is that voluntary responses produce the reinforcers that control them. This bidirectional relationship--in which reinforcer depends on response and response on reinforcer--demonstrates the functional nature…

  15. Voluntary Simplicity: A Lifestyle Option.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pestle, Ruth E.

    This guide provides practical ideas for incorporating the concept of voluntary simplicity into home economics classes. Discussed in the first chapter are the need to study voluntary simplicity, its potential contributions to home economics, and techniques and a questionnaire for measuring student attitudes toward the concept. The remaining…

  16. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Evaluating Assessor Performance #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Why NVLAP Evaluates? ISO/IEC 17011 - 6.3 Monitoring 6.3.1 The accreditation body shall ensure the satisfactory performance of the assessment

  17. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Completing the Assessment Report 1 #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program ISO/IEC 17011:2004 5.3 Document control The accreditation body shall establish procedures to control all documents (internal and external

  18. Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases

    EIA Publications

    2011-01-01

    The Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program was suspended May 2011. It was a mechanism by which corporations, government agencies, individuals, voluntary organizations, etc., could report to the Energy Information Administration, any actions taken that have or are expected to reduce/avoid emissions of greenhouse gases or sequester carbon.

  19. 7 CFR 56.72 - Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Denial of Service § 56.72 Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS. Any...

  20. 7 CFR 56.72 - Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Denial of Service § 56.72 Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS. Any...

  1. 7 CFR 56.72 - Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Denial of Service § 56.72 Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS. Any...

  2. 7 CFR 56.72 - Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Denial of Service § 56.72 Interfering with a grader or employee of the AMS. Any...

  3. 75 FR 34768 - Division of Federal Employees' Compensation; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-18

    ...variety of voluntary Customer Satisfaction Surveys of regulated/non-regulated...11, 1993. These Customer Satisfaction Surveys provide information...addition to conducting Customer Satisfaction Surveys, the Department...collection. The Federal Employees' Compensation Act...

  4. Work-Family Climate, Organizational Commitment, and Turnover: Multilevel Contagion Effects of Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, John W.; Harrison, Michelle M.; Cleveland, Jeannette; Almeida, David; Stawski, Robert; Crouter, Anne C.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents empirical research analyzing the relationship between work-family climate (operationalized in terms of three work-family climate sub-scales), organizational leadership (i.e., senior manager) characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intent among 526 employees from 37 different hotels across the US. Using…

  5. THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON TURNOVER, PRODUCTIVITY, AND CORPORATE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MARK A. HUSELID

    1995-01-01

    This study comprehensively evaluated the links between systems of High Performance Work Practices and firm performance. Results based on a national sample of nearly one thousand firms indicate that these practices have an economically and statistically significant im- pact on both intermediate employee outcomes (turnover and produc- tivity) and short- and long-term measures of corporate financial per- formance. Support for

  6. Perceived competence mobilization: an explorative study of predictors and impact on turnover intentions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Lai; Janne C. Kapstad

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores predictors of perceived competence mobilization, as well as their direct and indirect impact on turnover intentions. Findings from a survey of 840 employees of a public civil service organization support the predictions that perceived competence mobilization is positively related to intrinsic motivation, peer support and supervisor support, career system satisfaction, and pay system satisfaction. Moreover, findings

  7. Voluntary or Mandatory Enrollment in Training and the Motivation to Transfer Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curado, Carla; Henriques, Paulo Lopes; Ribeiro, Sofia

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the motivation to transfer training in a multidimensional way. It investigates autonomous and controlled motivation and explores the difference in motivation to transfer according to whether the employee is enrolled in training on a voluntary or mandatory basis. This is a cross-sectional hypotheses-testing…

  8. Role of leadership in the employee withdrawal process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George B. Graen; Robert C. Liden; William Hoel

    1982-01-01

    During a 1-yr period, 20 of 48 systems analysts and computer programmers of the information systems department of a large public utility terminated their employment. As hypothesized, leader–member exchange was an effective predictor of employee turnover. However, the overall style of a leader (i.e., average leadership style) was no more helpful than the base rate in predicting turnover. Implications for

  9. Firm and employee effects of an enterprise information system: Micro-econometric evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek C. Jones; Panu Kalmi; Antti Kauhanen

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the impact of adopting an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system in a retail chain and find interesting parallels between firm and employee outcomes. Concerning performance: (i) sales and inventory turnover initially drop by 7% and recover in 6–12 months; (ii) inventory turnover recovers more quickly for establishments adopting ERP later; and (iii) broader training produces faster sales recovery.

  10. Corporate governance and voluntary disclosure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. L. Eng; Y. T. Mak

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of ownership structure and board composition on voluntary disclosure. Ownership structure is characterized by managerial ownership, blockholder ownership and government ownership, and board composition is measured by the percentage of independent directors. Voluntary disclosure is proxied by an aggregated disclosure score of non-mandatory strategic, non-financial and financial information.Our results show that ownership structure and board

  11. Fitness and employee productivity.

    PubMed

    Howard, J; Mikalachki, A

    1979-09-01

    What should management consider when deciding whether to sponsor a company fitness program? This article gives pragmatic answers to the business community as well as outlining critical avenues for future research for both academics and corporations. Understanding the nature of the commitment is a prerequisite for success. Whether the program should be short term and serve as a catalyst for future individual efforts, or a long-term commitment, is a question which must be considered. Decisions of this type are partially dependent on what criteria are used to evaluate success. As measurements of employee productivity are very subjective or non-existent, absenteeism and turnover are potential yardsticks. Details of employee programs must also address the issue of participation as well as the frequency, intensity and duration. Future research must separate the effect of the fitness improvement from the benfits derived from just being in a program. The measurement of productivity and the long-term effect of fitness programs, especially short-term programs, are also areas for future work. PMID:540412

  12. Turnover in the Advancement Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iarrobino, Jon D.

    2006-01-01

    Recruitment and retention is an area with which most organizations are concerned. Excessive turnover has exorbitant costs and wastes valuable time. Institutions of higher education are no exception. One of the most vital operations in nonprofit colleges and universities is its Office of Institutional Advancement. More and more, an institution of…

  13. Measuring Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas G. Castle

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: In this study the levels of staff turnover reported in the nursing home literature (1990-2003) are reviewed, as well as the definitions of turnover used in these prior studies. With the use of primary data collected from 354 facilities, the study addresses the various degrees of bias that result, depend- ing on how staff turnover is defined in nursing

  14. Estimating Teacher Turnover Costs: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levy, Abigail Jurist; Joy, Lois; Ellis, Pamela; Jablonski, Erica; Karelitz, Tzur M.

    2012-01-01

    High teacher turnover in large U.S. cities is a critical issue for schools and districts, and the students they serve; but surprisingly little work has been done to develop methodologies and standards that districts and schools can use to make reliable estimates of turnover costs. Even less is known about how to detect variations in turnover costs…

  15. Measuring Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castle, Nicholas G.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: In this study the levels of staff turnover reported in the nursing home literature (1990-2003) are reviewed, as well as the definitions of turnover used in these prior studies. With the use of primary data collected from 354 facilities, the study addresses the various degrees of bias that result, depending on how staff turnover is defined…

  16. Delivering ideal employee experiences.

    PubMed

    Weiss, Marjorie D; Tyink, Steve; Kubiak, Curt

    2009-05-01

    Employee-centric strategies have moved from employee satisfaction and brand awareness to employee "affinity" or "attachment." In today's marketplace, occupational health nurses understand that differentiation (i.e., the perception of uniqueness) is the direct result of superior employee interactions, which lead to better employee care, enduring employee relationships, loyal employees, and satisfied employers. What drives employees to occupational health nurse attachment? The answer is a passion for rising above the competition to create ideal employee experiences. PMID:19492760

  17. The impact of sexual harassment on job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and absenteeism: findings from Pakistan compared to the United States.

    PubMed

    Merkin, Rebecca S; Shah, Muhammad Kamal

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast how differences in perceptions of sexual harassment impact productive work environments for employees in Pakistan as compared to the US; in particular, how it affects job satisfaction, turnover, and/or absenteeism. This study analyzed employee responses in Pakistan (n?=?146) and the United States (n?=?102, 76) using questionnaire data. Significant results indicated that employees who were sexually harassed reported (a) a decrease in job satisfaction (b) greater turnover intentions and (c) a higher rate of absenteeism. Cross-cultural comparisons indicated that (a) Pakistani employees who were sexually harassed had greater job dissatisfaction and higher overall absenteeism than did their US counterparts and (b) Pakistani women were more likely to use indirect strategies to manage sexual harassment than were US targets. PMID:24851198

  18. Social and economic exchange in the employee-organization relationship: the moderating role of reciprocation wariness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn M. Shore; William H. Bommer; Alaka N. Rao; Jai Seo

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – This paper examines the relationships that social and economic exchanges, two elements of the employee-organization relationship (EOR), had with affective commitment, turnover intentions, employer trust, and altruism. The paper also aims to determine whether reciprocation wariness, reflecting fear of exploitation in reciprocation, moderated relationships that exchange elements had with outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 453 employees of

  19. 43 CFR 4.1111 - Voluntary dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Voluntary dismissal. 4.1111 Section 4.1111 Public Lands: Interior...and Appeals General Provisions § 4.1111 Voluntary dismissal...withdraw by moving to dismiss at any stage of a proceeding and the...

  20. 43 CFR 4.1111 - Voluntary dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Voluntary dismissal. 4.1111 Section 4.1111 Public Lands: Interior...and Appeals General Provisions § 4.1111 Voluntary dismissal...withdraw by moving to dismiss at any stage of a proceeding and the...

  1. 43 CFR 4.1111 - Voluntary dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Voluntary dismissal. 4.1111 Section 4.1111 Public Lands: Interior...and Appeals General Provisions § 4.1111 Voluntary dismissal...withdraw by moving to dismiss at any stage of a proceeding and the...

  2. 43 CFR 4.1111 - Voluntary dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Voluntary dismissal. 4.1111 Section 4.1111 Public Lands: Interior...and Appeals General Provisions § 4.1111 Voluntary dismissal...withdraw by moving to dismiss at any stage of a proceeding and the...

  3. Voluntariness and Contract Interpretation Aditi Bagchi

    E-print Network

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    [DRAFT] 1 Voluntariness and Contract Interpretation Aditi Bagchi Voluntary obligation is the hallmark of contract but the choices we make in contract are highly constrained. Philosophical theories of contract that emphasize its moral significance as a voluntary practice do not respond to the social facts

  4. Employee engagement: an examination of antecedent and outcome variables

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brad Shuck; Thomas G. Reio Jr; Tonette S. Rocco

    2011-01-01

    This correlational study (n = 283) examined the links between job fit, affective commitment, psychological climate, and employee engagement, and the dependent variables, discretionary effort, and intention to turnover. An Internet-based survey battery of six scales was administered to a heterogeneous sampling of organizations from service, technology, healthcare, retail, banking, nonprofit, and hospitality fields. Hypotheses were tested through correlational and hierarchical regression

  5. The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation

    E-print Network

    The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) An Introduction #12;What is NVLAP? NVLAP is: · A system for accrediting laboratories found competent to perform specific tests by the Numbers · Established in 1976 · Accreditation offered in 18 fields of testing; 8 fields of calibration

  6. Voluntary Bodies as Learning Organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian Robinson

    1994-01-01

    Tests the hypothesis that voluntary groups, generally, are learning organizations. Reviews the literature on non-profit organizations and concludes that many of the well-known charities, for example, have now become established hierarchies following an inital period of mission formulation and organizational evolution when they could be considered as learning organizations. Discovers that, once the primary objective has been attained and funds

  7. Rapid Cellular Turnover in Adipose Tissue

    PubMed Central

    Lau, Frank; Cowan, Chad A.

    2011-01-01

    It was recently shown that cellular turnover occurs within the human adipocyte population. Through three independent experimental approaches — dilution of an inducible histone 2B-green fluorescent protein (H2BGFP), labeling with the cell cycle marker Ki67 and incorporation of BrdU — we characterized the degree of cellular turnover in murine adipose tissue. We observed rapid turnover of the adipocyte population, finding that 4.8% of preadipocytes are replicating at any time and that between 1–5% of adipocytes are replaced each day. In light of these findings, we suggest that adipose tissue turnover represents a possible new avenue of therapeutic intervention against obesity. PMID:21407813

  8. Position Summary Employee Details

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Position Summary Employee Details Employee First Name: Employee Last Name: Open Position Employee Overtime Eligible: (FLSA) Non-Exempt Employee Relations Unit: (Bargaining Unit) SX Representation: Covered as a resource for lifelong education and community engagement. Visitor safety and comfort are essential

  9. Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boyan Jovanovic

    1979-01-01

    A long-run equilibrium theory of turnover is presented and is shown to explain the important regularities that have been observed by empirical investigators. A worker's productivity in a particular job is not known ex ante and becomes known more precisely as the worker's job tenure increases. Turnover is generated by the exis- tence of a nondegenerate distribution of the worker's

  10. SDS/form/voluntary statement of Special learning neeeds Voluntary Statement of Special Learning Needs

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    SDS/form/voluntary statement of Special learning neeeds Voluntary Statement of Special Learning: Check if: Physical Disability Hearing Related Vision Related Mobility Related Fine Motor Related/form/voluntary statement of Special learning neeeds Dear New Student, Congratulations on your acceptance to the University

  11. NEW EMPLOYEE #EMPLOYEE # DATE PERSONAL DATA FORM

    E-print Network

    Krstic, Miroslav

    NEW EMPLOYEE #EMPLOYEE # DATE PERSONAL DATA FORM UPAY544-6 (R9/00) FO-2195 PERSONNELDEPARTMENT MODIFICATION RETN FO 2195 ACCOUNTING OFFICE (complete only if permanent address has changed) PERMANENT ADDRESS

  12. 44 CFR 332.3 - Carrying out voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Carrying out voluntary agreements. 332.3 Section...1950, AS AMENDED § 332.3 Carrying out voluntary agreements. (a) Purpose and...approved voluntary agreement shall carry out the agreement. (b)...

  13. 44 CFR 332.3 - Carrying out voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Carrying out voluntary agreements. 332.3 Section...1950, AS AMENDED § 332.3 Carrying out voluntary agreements. (a) Purpose and...approved voluntary agreement shall carry out the agreement. (b)...

  14. 44 CFR 332.3 - Carrying out voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Carrying out voluntary agreements. 332.3 Section...1950, AS AMENDED § 332.3 Carrying out voluntary agreements. (a) Purpose and...approved voluntary agreement shall carry out the agreement. (b)...

  15. 27 CFR 25.221 - Voluntary destruction of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Voluntary destruction of beer. 25.221 Section 25.221 Alcohol...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Voluntary Destruction § 25.221 Voluntary destruction of beer. (a) On brewery premises....

  16. 27 CFR 25.221 - Voluntary destruction of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Voluntary destruction of beer. 25.221 Section 25.221 Alcohol...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Voluntary Destruction § 25.221 Voluntary destruction of beer. (a) On brewery premises....

  17. Bringing social identity to work: the influence of manifestation and suppression on perceived discrimination, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions.

    PubMed

    Madera, Juan M; King, Eden B; Hebl, Michelle R

    2012-04-01

    In the current article, we explored whether manifesting or suppressing an identity (race/ethnicity, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, or disability) at work is related to perceived discrimination, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions. Participants included 211 working adults who completed an online survey. The results showed that efforts to suppress a group identity were positively (and behavioral manifestations of group identity negatively) related to perceived discrimination, which predicted job satisfaction and turnover intentions. These results suggest that diverse employees actively manage their nonwork identities while at work and that these identity management strategies have important consequences. PMID:22506819

  18. On the road to the OSHA voluntary protection program.

    PubMed

    Adamus, Mary Sgarlata

    2004-01-01

    In 1998, representatives from the Employee Health Services, Safety and Security, Physical Therapy, Human Resources, and Legal Affairs Departments and the Risk Management Program at Robert Packer Hospital (RPH) in Sayre, PA began a project to create a "culture of safety." The journey would ultimately lead to application to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Voluntary Protection Program (OSHA VPP). Four years later, because of the dedication and collaboration of many individuals, RPH received notification that its application for OSHA VPP participation was approved by the Assistant Secretary of Labor. This article describes that journey and provides other healthcare organizations with the information needed to begin their own journey to successful project implementation. PMID:15060956

  19. Dynamics of Voluntary Cough Maneuvers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naire, Shailesh

    2008-11-01

    Voluntary cough maneuvers are characterized by transient peak expiratory flows (PEF) exceeding the maximum expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) curve. In some cases, these flows can be well in excess of the MEFV, generally referred to as supramaximal flows. Understanding the flow-structure interaction involved in these maneuvers is the main goal of this work. We present a simple theoretical model for investigating the dynamics of voluntary cough and forced expiratory maneuvers. The core modeling idea is based on a 1-D model of high Reynolds number flow through flexible-walled tubes. The model incorporates key ingredients involved in these maneuvers: the expiratory effort generated by the abdominal and expiratory muscles, the glottis and the flexibility and compliance of the lung airways. Variations in these allow investigation of the expiratory flows generated by a variety of single cough maneuvers. The model successfully reproduces PEF which is shown to depend on the cough generation protocol, the glottis reopening time and the compliance of the airways. The particular highlight is in simulating supramaximal PEF for very compliant tubes. The flow-structure interaction mechanisms behind these are discussed. The wave speed theory of flow limitation is used to characterize the PEF. Existing hypotheses of the origin of PEF, from cough and forced expiration experiments, are also tested using this model.

  20. 28 CFR 549.44 - Voluntary hospitalization in a suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary administration of psychiatric...SERVICES Psychiatric Evaluation and Treatment § 549.44 Voluntary hospitalization...suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary administration of...

  1. 28 CFR 549.44 - Voluntary hospitalization in a suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary administration of psychiatric...SERVICES Psychiatric Evaluation and Treatment § 549.44 Voluntary hospitalization...suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary administration of...

  2. 28 CFR 549.44 - Voluntary hospitalization in a suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary administration of psychiatric...SERVICES Psychiatric Evaluation and Treatment § 549.44 Voluntary hospitalization...suitable facility for psychiatric care or treatment, and voluntary administration of...

  3. Mandatory versus voluntary approaches to food safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen Segerson

    1999-01-01

    Food safety policy is currently based on a combination of voluntary measures undertaken by producers and regulatory measures imposed, for example, by the US Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration (e.g., mandatory HACCP systems). This article addresses the question of whether reliance on voluntary approaches is likely to lead to adequate consumer protection. Drawing on recent literature

  4. Voluntary Task Switching: Chasing the Elusive Homunculus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arrington, Catherine M.; Logan, Gordon D.

    2005-01-01

    In the voluntary task switching procedure, subjects choose the task to perform on a series of bivalent stimuli, requiring top-down control of task switching. Experiments 1-3 contrasted voluntary task switching and explicit task cuing. Choice behavior showed small, inconsistent effects of external stimulus characteristics, supporting the assumption…

  5. 9 CFR 332.14 - Voluntary withdrawal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Voluntary withdrawal. 332.14 Section 332.14 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND...PARTS OF CARCASSES, MEAT, AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS § 332.14 Voluntary withdrawal. A selected...

  6. Changing Dynamics in the Voluntary Market (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Heeter, J.

    2014-12-01

    Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. This presentation, presented at the Renewable Energy Markets Conference in December 2014, outlines the voluntary market in 2013, including community choice aggregation and community solar.

  7. 43 CFR 4.1111 - Voluntary dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 true Voluntary dismissal. 4.1111 Section 4.1111 Public Lands: Interior...and Appeals General Provisions § 4.1111 Voluntary dismissal...withdraw by moving to dismiss at any stage of a proceeding and the...

  8. 76 FR 78814 - National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ...National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures...National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). Regulations...establishment of laboratory accreditation programs (LAPs) within...

  9. Employee Information Middle Name

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Spouse's Name: Date of Birth: Dependant's Name: Date of Birth: Signatures Employee Name Employee, and the alternate coverage is terminated for any reason beyond the employee's control, the employee has 31 days from-law spouse/partner who cohabitate for at least 1 year; birth, adoption or change in custody of a child

  10. The costs of nurse turnover, part 2: application of the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology.

    PubMed

    Jones, Cheryl Bland

    2005-01-01

    This is the second article in a 2-part series focusing on nurse turnover and its costs. Part 1 (December 2004) described nurse turnover costs within the context of human capital theory, and using human resource accounting methods, presented the updated Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology. Part 2 presents an application of this method in an acute care setting and the estimated costs of nurse turnover that were derived. Administrators and researchers can use these methods and cost information to build a business case for nurse retention. PMID:15647669

  11. Nursing Turnover and Hospital Efficiency: An Organization Level Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey A. Alexander; Joan R. Bloom; Beverly A. Nuchols

    1991-01-01

    This study tests the competing arguments that organizational turnover rates are positively associated with organizational inefficiency or, alternatively, that turnover rates are positively related to organizational inefficiency only in those organizations experiencing very high or very low rates of turnover. The findings strongly support the former argument: in a national sample of 407 hospitals, turnover among registered nurses was found

  12. Communicating with the Workforce During Emergencies: Developing an Employee Text Messaging Program in a Local Public Health Setting

    PubMed Central

    Bogan, Sharon; Bosslet, Lindsay

    2014-01-01

    Short message service (SMS) text messaging can be useful for communicating information to public health employees and improving workforce situational awareness during emergencies. We sought to understand how the 1,500 employees at Public Health – Seattle & King County, Washington, perceived barriers to and benefits of participation in a voluntary, employer-based SMS program. Based on employee feedback, we developed the system, marketed it, and invited employees to opt in. The system was tested during an ice storm in January 2012. Employee concerns about opting into an SMS program included possible work encroachment during non-work time and receiving excessive irrelevant messages. Employees who received messages during the weather event reported high levels of satisfaction and perceived utility from the program. We conclude that text messaging is a feasible form of communication with employees during emergencies. Care should be taken to design and deploy a program that maximizes employee satisfaction. PMID:25355976

  13. The costs of nurse turnover: part 1: an economic perspective.

    PubMed

    Jones, Cheryl Bland

    2004-12-01

    Nurse turnover is costly for healthcare organizations. Administrators and nurse executives need a reliable estimate of nurse turnover costs and the origins of those costs if they are to develop effective measures of reducing nurse turnover and its costs. However, determining how to best capture and quantify nurse turnover costs can be challenging. Part 1 of this series conceptualizes nurse turnover via human capital theory and presents an update of a previously developed method for determining the costs of nurse turnover, the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Method. Part 2 (January 2005) presents a recent application of the methodology in an acute care hospital. PMID:15632752

  14. Selection related to musculoskeletal complaints among employees.

    PubMed Central

    de Zwart, B C; Broersen, J P; van der Beek, A J; Frings-Dresen, M H; Van Dijk, F J

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe differences in the outcome of cross sectional and longitudinal analysis on musculoskeletal complaints relative to age and work demands, and (b) to assess the entrance and drop out selection on musculoskeletal complaints among groups of employees relative to age and work demands. METHODS: A study population was selected on the basis of questionnaire data from periodical occupational health surveys of almost 45,000 employees collected between 1982 and 1993. From all companies within this data base that participated twice in company wide surveys four years apart, male employees were selected, and stratified for age and work demands. There were several populations: follow up (participation in both surveys); drop out (participation only in the first survey); entrance (participation only at the second survey); and two cross sectional populations (all participants at each survey). Prevalences of back complaints and turnover rates were analysed. RESULTS: Reported back complaints in the cross sectional analysis declined over the oldest age groups in heavy physical work versus a small increase in the longitudinal analysis. The age group 50-9 and back complaints were identified as predictors at the first survey for not participating at the second survey. Neither age nor work demands at the first survey indicated drop out among those employees with back complaints at the first survey. The effects of entrance selection on estimated prevalences were small. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that musculoskeletal disorders lead to selection out of work, affecting the validity of both cross sectional and longitudinal epidemiological studies. In future studies analyses of turnover figures on musculoskeletal complaints relative to work demands and age are recommended. PMID:9538352

  15. Labour turnover in the British National Health Service: a local labour market analysis.

    PubMed

    Gray, A M; Phillips, V L

    1996-06-01

    This study uses regression analyses to examine the relationship between staff turnover in the British National Health Service (NHS) and a range of labour market, job and worker characteristics. Data relating to nine staff groups in up to 103 District Health Authority areas, and covering over 300,000 employees, form the basis for the analysis. In the regression analysis, two variables consistently emerge as significantly related to turnover across a range of staff groups: the size of the private nursing homes, and the pay of the staff group relative to the local average for comparable workers. The results suggest that staff groups of different skill levels each have distinct labour markets, and this needs to be recognised in the future design of human resources management policies. PMID:10158269

  16. Combined effects of positive and negative affectivity and job satisfaction on job performance and turnover intentions.

    PubMed

    Bouckenooghe, Dave; Raja, Usman; Butt, Arif Nazir

    2013-01-01

    Capturing data from employee-supervisor dyads (N = 321) from eight organizations in Pakistan, including human service organizations, an electronics assembly plant, a packaging material manufacturing company, and a small food processing plant, we used moderated regression analysis to examine whether the relationships between trait affect (positive affectivity [PA] and negative affectivity [NA]) and two key work outcome variables (job performance and turnover) are contingent upon the level of job satisfaction. We applied the Trait Activation Theory to explain the moderating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between affect and performance and between affect and turnover. Overall, the data supported our hypotheses. Positive and negative affectivity influenced performance and the intention to quit, and job satisfaction moderated these relationships. We discuss in detail the results of these findings and their implications for research and practice. PMID:23469474

  17. Inova Employee Assistance Employee Assistance Program

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    health, nursing homes, transportation services · Education information about schools, financial aid, and many other concierge related services On-line Resources Inova Employee Assistance offers an interactive

  18. The relationship between employees' perceptions of human resource management and their retention: from the viewpoint of attitudes toward job-specialties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroshi Yamamoto

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is threefold. The first one is to investigate the relationship between employees' perceptions of human resource management (HRM) based on the commitment model and their turnover intentions (retention). The second one examines the relationship between employees' attitudes toward job-specialties and retention. The third one analyzes the impact of attitudes toward job-specialties on the relationship between

  19. When Generational Employees Leave Higher Education, What Do We Lose, and What Do They Leave Behind?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pena, Andrew M., Sr.

    2012-01-01

    Given the state of the economy, lack of competitive jobs and decreasing number of voluntary retirements, by the year 2018 many institutions of higher education may see five generations working side by side. This study examined three of the four generations working at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP): Baby Boomers, who are those employees

  20. 77 FR 72941 - Voluntary Education Programs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ...comments were received with alternative language for the provision on tuition assistance...D). Response: Several recommended language alternatives were submitted and a combination...extent that any provision of the standard language of the DoD Voluntary Education...

  1. 34 CFR 108.7 - Voluntary sponsorship.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EQUAL ACCESS TO PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES FOR THE BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA AND OTHER DESIGNATED YOUTH GROUPS § 108.7 Voluntary sponsorship. Nothing in the Act or this part shall be...

  2. 14 CFR 234.7 - Voluntary reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS AIRLINE SERVICE QUALITY PERFORMANCE REPORTS § 234.7 Voluntary reporting. (a) In addition to the data for each reportable...

  3. Turnover of human lactoferrin in the rabbit.

    PubMed

    Karle, H; Hansen, N E; Malmquist, J; Karle, A K; Larsson, I

    1979-10-01

    Lactoferrin turnover was studied in the rabbit with 125I- and 131I-labelled human lactoferrin. Plasma lactoferrin activity showed a rapid decrease during the first 24 h, followed by a 'final slope' with a T1/2 of about 25 h. Turnover studies after transfer of plasma from one rabbit (A) 3 h after injection to another rabbit (B), showed a recovery of 100% compared to 30% in A rabbits but otherwise a similar disappearance curve. The rapid turnover was confirmed in whole body studies. Concomitantly with the initial dissapearance from the plasma, there was a marked accumulation of proteinbound activity only in the liver in both A and B rabbits. From these results, the rate of synthesis in normal man can be estimated at around 25 mg per d. The disappearance pattern and hepatic uptake are discussed in relation to knowledge about lactoferrin receptors in macrophages, asialo elimination, and fucose group recognition. Concerning the significance of lactoferrin turnover for iron metabolism it is concluded that the plasma turnover results are insufficient to explain the disturbance in iron kinetics seen in the anaemia of chronic disorders; however, it is likely that lactoferrin plays a role in iron metabolism within the extravascular space. PMID:120004

  4. Relationships among employees' working conditions, mental health, and intention to leave in nursing homes.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yuan; Punnett, Laura; Gore, Rebecca

    2014-02-01

    Employee turnover is a large and expensive problem in the long-term care environment. Stated intention to leave is a reliable indicator of likely turnover, but actual predictors, especially for nursing assistants, have been incompletely investigated. This quantitative study identifies the relationships among employees' working conditions, mental health, and intention to leave. Self-administered questionnaires were collected with 1,589 employees in 18 for-profit nursing homes. A working condition index for the number of beneficial job features was constructed. Poisson regression modeling found that employees who reported four positive features were 77% less likely to state strong intention to leave (PR = 0.23, p < .001). The strength of relationship between working conditions and intention to leave was slightly mediated by employee mental health. Effective workplace intervention programs must address work organization features to reduce employee intention to leave. Healthy workplaces should build better interpersonal relationships, show respect for employee work, and involve employees in decision-making processes. PMID:24652941

  5. SPA EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK SPA Employee Handbook

    E-print Network

    Howitt, Ivan

    SPA EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK SPA Employee Handbook This handbook contains brief summary statements-0669. The information contained in this handbook is subject to change. It should be understood that explanations in this handbook cannot alter, modify, or otherwise change the controlling legal documents or general statutes

  6. UHR Employee Development 1 Counseling Your Employees

    E-print Network

    Brodie III, Edmund D.

    UHR ­ Employee Development 1 Counseling Your Employees The Role of a Good Supervisor Counseling has boundaries that must be respected. Counseling is not: An opportunity for you to practice psychiatric therapy you perform the counseling role? A good counselor: Is easy to talk to. Listens well. Helps people

  7. Employee's Name: Evaluation Due Date: OBP ANNUAL EMPLOYEE EVALUATION FORM

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Tim

    and where the employee could improve. please use job related examples. Customer Satisfaction: EmployeesEmployee's Name: Evaluation Due Date: OBP ANNUAL EMPLOYEE EVALUATION FORM Form Instructions: A. Employee Self Analysis: Prior to the annual evaluation, the employee must use this form to evaluate

  8. Employee Job Embeddedness: A Quantitative Study of Information Technology Personnel in the Workplace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berrios-Ortiz, Edwin J.

    2012-01-01

    This research examined the relationship between job embeddedness, self-efficacy, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction as predictors of an IT employee's desire to stay (turnover intentions) at his or her position with his or her current employer. A survey instrument was administered to a sample of a population of IT professionals…

  9. The voluntary health sector: some reflections.

    PubMed

    Narayan, R; Narayan, T

    1993-06-01

    A discussion of voluntary organizations contributions to health efforts identifies the challenges for the 1990s. Questions are posed which will determine the voluntary organizational effort will be subverted. The emerging needs and new directions indicated are ones which voluntary organizations are committed to pursuing in the decades ahead. The role of the voluntary health sectors will be determined by increasing self-reflection and a collective effort. Voluntary organizations direct their efforts to broader social and societal dimensions of health than do governmental health agencies. Voluntary is distinguished from nongovernmental in order to avoid the confusion between voluntary and for profit groups. It is also important to recognize that citizen efforts are just as much a part of the government system as those of the government system as those of government functionaries. The term primary health care is also avoided, because it denotes primary actions devoted to individuals. The term community health is preferred, as it shifts the focus to individual, group, community, and societal action. Voluntary organizations, thus, are committed to awareness building and autonomy, demystifying education, participatory decision making processes, community building processes, and creative means of challenging and going beyond the conflicts of interest groups. The assumption is that alternative health care is a necessary part of providing health for all in an "alternative socio-political-economic-cultural system." The goals have been materialized as a de-emphasis on the over professionalism of skills and knowledge an a de-emphasis on the focus on physical health only. Lobbying efforts are directed to changing health and medical policy to meet the health needs of the people and to be accountable. Examples of voluntary groups in India are the Medio Friends Circle, Kerala Shastra Sahitya Parishad, All India Drug Action Network, Lok Swasthya Parampara Samvardhan Samithi, and All India Peoples Science Network. One of the questions posed was whether the government was purposefully obscuring the differences between the profit and not-for-profit sectors. The Policy Delphi analysis in 1992 forecasted the need for a new philosophical framework and identified 11 basic goals, such as preferential treatment for the poor and marginalized. An overview is given of how the voluntary sector operates, and its activities are indicated. PMID:12318296

  10. LASP New Employee Quiz

    Cancer.gov

    This course was designed to provide new employees working with animals in the Laboratory Animal Sciences Program (LASP) with a basic overview of issues pertaining to the care and use of animals at the NCI-Frederick. NCI employees working with animals are encouraged to take this course also. This course can also be utilized as a periodic refresher for any employee working with animals. Additionally, new employees working with animals are required to attend the Animal Health Overview Course.

  11. Whistleblowing and employee loyalty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert A. Larmer

    1992-01-01

    Discussions of whistleblowing and employee loyalty usually assume either that the concept of loyalty is irrelevant to the issue or, more commonly, that whistleblowing involves a moral choice in which the loyalty that an employee owes an employer comes to be pitted against the employee's responsibility to serve public interest. I argue that both these views are mistaken and propose

  12. CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AWARD

    E-print Network

    Oregon, University of

    2011 CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AWARD Marcy Dirckx, Early Childhood CARES Tina Hammock, Office, University Health Center Dale Smith, Information Services 2010 CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AWARD Chris, Oregon Center for Optics #12;2009 CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AWARD Annie Elling Sherry Stahl OFFICER

  13. Quantification of isotopic turnover in agricultural systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Braun, A.; Auerswald, K.; Schnyder, H.

    2012-04-01

    The isotopic turnover, which is a proxy for the metabolic rate, is gaining scientific importance. It is quantified for an increasing range of organisms, from microorganisms over plants to animals including agricultural livestock. Additionally, the isotopic turnover is analyzed on different scales, from organs to organisms to ecosystems and even to the biosphere. In particular, the quantification of the isotopic turnover of specific tissues within the same organism, e.g. organs like liver and muscle and products like milk and faeces, has brought new insights to improve understanding of nutrient cycles and fluxes, respectively. Thus, the knowledge of isotopic turnover is important in many areas, including physiology, e.g. milk synthesis, ecology, e.g. soil retention time of water, and medical science, e.g. cancer diagnosis. So far, the isotopic turnover is quantified by applying time, cost and expertise intensive tracer experiments. Usually, this comprises two isotopic equilibration periods. A first equilibration period with a constant isotopic input signal is followed by a second equilibration period with a distinct constant isotopic input signal. This yields a smooth signal change from the first to the second signal in the object under consideration. This approach reveals at least three major problems. (i) The input signals must be controlled isotopically, which is almost impossible in many realistic cases like free ranging animals. (ii) Both equilibration periods may be very long, especially when the turnover rate of the object under consideration is very slow, which aggravates the first problem. (iii) The detection of small or slow pools is improved by large isotopic signal changes, but large isotopic changes also involve a considerable change in the input material; e.g. animal studies are usually carried out as diet-switch experiments, where the diet is switched between C3 and C4 plants, since C3 and C4 plants differ strongly in their isotopic signal. The additional change in nutrition induces changes in physiology that are likely to bias the estimation of the isotopic turnover. We designed an experiment with lactating cows which were successively exposed to the diet's natural isotopic variation and a diet-switch. We examined whether the same turnover information can be obtained from the natural (uncontrolled, short-term) isotopic variation as from the diet-switch experiment. Statistical methods to retrieve the turnover characteristics comprised multi-pool compartmental modeling for the diet-switch experiment as well as correlation analysis to perform wiggle-matching and quantification of autocorrelation (geostatistics) for the analysis of the natural variation. All three methods yielded similar results but differed in their strengths and weaknesses that will be highlighted. Combining the strengths of the new methods can make this tool even more advantageous than diet-switch experiments in many cases. In particular, the new approach empowers studying isotope turnover under a wider range of keepings, wildlife conditions and species, yielding turnover estimates that are not biased by changes in nutrition.

  14. Unemployment, Job Retention, and Productivity Loss Among Employees With Depression

    PubMed Central

    Lerner, Debra; Adler, David A.; Chang, Hong; Lapitsky, Leueen; Hood, Maggie Y.; Perissinotto, Carla; Reed, John; McLaughlin, Thomas J.; Berndt, Ernst R.; Rogers, William H.

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study comprehensively assessed the work outcomes of employees with depression. Methods We collected baseline and six-month follow-up survey data from 229 employees with depression and two employee comparison groups: a group of healthy patients for the control group (N=173) and a group with rheumatoid arthritis (N=87), a frequent source of work disability. Outcomes included new unemployment and, within the employed subgroup, job retention (versus job turnover), presenteeism (that is, diminished on-the-job performance and productivity), and absenteeism. Results At the six-month follow-up, persons with depression had more new unemployment—14 percent for persons in the dysthymia group, 12 percent for persons in the major depression group, and 15 percent for persons in the group with both dysthymia and major depression, compared with 2 percent for persons in the control group and 3 percent for persons in the rheumatoid arthritis group. Among participants who were still employed, those with depression had significantly more job turnover, presenteeism, and absenteeism. Conclusions In addition to helping employees with depression obtain high-quality depression treatment, new interventions may be needed to help them to overcome the substantial job upheaval that this population experiences. PMID:15572564

  15. MSFC personnel management tasks: Recruitment and orientation of new employees

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brindley, T. A.

    1980-01-01

    In order to encourage highly motivated young students to learn about NASA and consider it for a career, a formal program is to be initiated whereby selected students can work on a voluntary basis at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The first task was to develop the working plan and procedures for this program, called Student Volunteer Service Program, in the writing of MSFC official guidelines, the Marshall Management Instruction (the MMI) which is a binding document that defines policy and establishes procedures and guidelines. Particular considerations written into the MMI after numerous consultations, interviews, and discussions about a satisfactory policy, include: arrangements to be made between the student, the school authorities, and concerned MSFC employees; management of the work assignments; and procedures for the student's welfare and safety. The second task was the development of a recruitment brochure for the attraction of new employees, especially scientists and engineers. The third task assigned was to develop a plan called Orientation of New Employees.

  16. Nursing Turnover and Hospital Efficiency: An Organization Level Analysis

    E-print Network

    Alexander, Jeffrey A.; Bloom, Joan R.; Nuchols, Beverly A.

    1991-01-01

    The association between nursing turnover rates and hospitalModerated Effects of Nursing Turnover Rate on Hospitalturnover rates to operational outcomes, and in a manner analogous to individual level exit behavior. Nursing

  17. Calculating nursing turnover in New South Wales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Battersby; Stephen Kermode; Colin Boylan; Judith van der Wal; Ron Kerr; Brian King

    1989-01-01

    A study of nursing staff turnover is being carried out by the Nursing Research Team from the Riverina-Murray Institute of Higher Education for the New South Wales College of Nursing and the New South Wales Department of Health. The general aim of the study is to provide information about the annual rate of loss of registered nurses from public hospitals

  18. Financial distress, corporate control, and management turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philipp Jostarndt; Zacharias Sautner

    2008-01-01

    We empirically investigate the effect of financial distress on corporate ownership and control. Our analysis is based on a panel of 267 German firms that suffered from repeated interest coverage shortfalls between 1996 and 2004. We track each firm’s development over the distress cycle with particular attention to corporate ownership, restructuring, and management turnover. We find a significant decrease in

  19. State Differences and Facility Differences in Nursing Home Staff Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas G. Castle

    2008-01-01

    The author uses data from 8,023 nursing homes to examine state differences in turnover and vacancy rates and organizational characteristics associated with turnover rates. The analyses focus on nurse aides, licensed practical nurses, and registered nurses as caregivers. Findings show that the 2004 turnover and vacancy rates for these caregivers were high and that there were differences across states for

  20. Primary Care Provider Turnover and Quality in Managed Care Organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary E. Plomondon; David J. Magid; John F. Steiner; Samantha MaWhinney; Blair D. Gifford; Sarah C. Shih; Gary K. Grunwald; John S. Rumsfeld

    Although associations with continuity of care have been studied, little is known about associations with a specific aspect of continuity of care, namely, primary care provider turnover. From literature, primary care provider turnover is the rate at which primary care providers leave a health plan organization. Known to be costly, healthcare turnover, including physicians, nurses, allied health personnel, and staff,

  1. Job Turnover and Job Satisfaction among Nursing Home Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waxman, Howard M.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Interviewed 234 aides in seven nursing homes concerning job turnover rate, job satisfaction, and perception of milieu. A positive association found between turnover rate and aides' perceptions of the homes' order, organization, and control suggested that job turnover would lessen with more involvement in the decision-making process. (JAC)

  2. 41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Stores inventory turnover ratio. 109-27.5002 Section 109-27...109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover ratio. Comparison of investment in stores...comparison may be expressed either as a turnover ratio (dollar value of issues divided...

  3. Turn-over in pulsar spectra above 1 GHz

    E-print Network

    J. Kijak; Y. Gupta; K. Krzeszowski

    2007-01-09

    We present the first direct evidence for turn-over in pulsar radio spectra at high frequencies. Two pulsars are now shown to have a turn-over frequency > 1GHz. We also find some evidence that the peak frequency of turn-over in pulsar spectra appears to depend on dispersion measure and pulsar age.

  4. Salary and Ranking and Teacher Turnover: A Statewide Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Cynthia Martinez; Slate, John R.; Delgado, Carmen Tejeda

    2009-01-01

    This study examined three years of data obtained from the Academic Excellence Indicator System of the State of Texas regarding teacher turnover rate and teacher salary. Across all public school districts, teacher salary was consistently negatively related to teacher turnover; that is, where salary was lower, turnover rate was higher When data were…

  5. Firm performance, corporate governance, and top executive turnover in Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun-Koo Kang; Anil Shivdasani

    1995-01-01

    We examine the role of corporate governance mechanisms during top executive turnover in Japanese corporations. Consistent with evidence from U.S. data, the likelihood of nonroutine turnover is significantly related to industry-adjusted return on assets, excess stock returns, and negative operating income, but is not related to industry performance. The sensitivity of nonroutine turnover to earnings performance is higher for firms

  6. Guilty and helpful: an emotion-based reparatory model of voluntary work behavior.

    PubMed

    Ilies, Remus; Peng, Ann Chunyan; Savani, Krishna; Dimotakis, Nikolaos

    2013-11-01

    This study proposes a dynamic reparatory model of voluntary work behavior. We test the hypothesis that when people are made aware of their high level of negative behavior at work (i.e., counterproductive work behavior) and are informed that their behavior is counternormative and undesirable, the knowledge that they violated social norms induces guilt. This guilt, in turn, results in compensatory behavior that is positive in nature (i.e., organizational citizenship behavior). We report results from a field experiment involving normative feedback about employees' counterproductive work behavior to support this model. The findings indicate that undesirable behaviors in the workplace can be redressed by making employees aware of the negative consequences of these behaviors. PMID:24041120

  7. A longitudinal investigation of workplace bullying, basic need satisfaction, and employee functioning.

    PubMed

    Trépanier, Sarah-Geneviève; Fernet, Claude; Austin, Stéphanie

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on self-determination theory, this study proposes and tests a model investigating the role of basic psychological need satisfaction in relation to workplace bullying and employee functioning (burnout, work engagement, and turnover intention). For this study, data were collected at 2 time points, over a 12-month period, from a sample of 699 nurses. The results from cross-lagged analyses support the proposed model. Results show that workplace bullying thwarts the satisfaction of employees' basic psychological needs and fosters burnout 12 months later. In addition, when taking into account the cross-lagged effect of workplace bullying on employee functioning, basic need satisfaction fosters work engagement and hinders turnover intention over time. Implications for workplace bullying research and managerial practices are discussed. PMID:25151460

  8. The empirical slippery slope from voluntary to non-voluntary euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Penney

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the evidence for the empirical argument that there is a slippery slope between the legalization of voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia. The main source of evidence in relation to this argument comes from the Netherlands. The argument is only effective against legalization if it is legalization which causes the slippery slope. Moreover, it is only effective if it is used comparatively-to show that the slope is more slippery in jurisdictions which have legalized voluntary euthanasia than it is in jurisdictions which have not done so. Both of these elements are examined comparatively. PMID:17341228

  9. 28 CFR 549.41 - Voluntary admission and psychotropic medication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Voluntary admission and psychotropic medication. 549.41 Section 549.41 Judicial...Safeguards for Psychiatric Treatment and Medication § 549.41 Voluntary admission and psychotropic medication. (a) A sentenced inmate may...

  10. 28 CFR 549.41 - Voluntary admission and psychotropic medication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Voluntary admission and psychotropic medication. 549.41 Section 549.41 Judicial...Safeguards for Psychiatric Treatment and Medication § 549.41 Voluntary admission and psychotropic medication. (a) A sentenced inmate may...

  11. 47 CFR 80.1151 - Voluntary radio operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Voluntary radio operations. 80.1151...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General...

  12. 47 CFR 80.1151 - Voluntary radio operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Voluntary radio operations. 80.1151...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General...

  13. 47 CFR 80.1151 - Voluntary radio operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Voluntary radio operations. 80.1151...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General...

  14. 47 CFR 80.1151 - Voluntary radio operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Voluntary radio operations. 80.1151...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General...

  15. 47 CFR 80.1151 - Voluntary radio operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Voluntary radio operations. 80.1151...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General...

  16. 44 CFR 332.2 - Developing voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Developing voluntary agreements. 332.2 Section 332.2 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.2 Developing voluntary agreements. (a)...

  17. 44 CFR 332.3 - Carrying out voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Carrying out voluntary agreements. 332.3 Section 332.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.3 Carrying out voluntary agreements. (a)...

  18. 44 CFR 332.2 - Developing voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Developing voluntary agreements. 332.2 Section 332.2 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.2 Developing voluntary agreements. (a)...

  19. 44 CFR 332.4 - Termination or modifying voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Termination or modifying voluntary agreements. 332.4 Section 332.4 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.4 Termination or modifying voluntary...

  20. 44 CFR 332.3 - Carrying out voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 true Carrying out voluntary agreements. 332.3 Section 332.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.3 Carrying out voluntary agreements. (a)...

  1. 44 CFR 332.2 - Developing voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 true Developing voluntary agreements. 332.2 Section 332.2 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.2 Developing voluntary agreements. (a)...

  2. 44 CFR 332.4 - Termination or modifying voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...true Termination or modifying voluntary agreements. 332.4 Section 332.4 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.4 Termination or modifying voluntary...

  3. 44 CFR 332.2 - Developing voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Developing voluntary agreements. 332.2 Section 332.2 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.2 Developing voluntary agreements. (a)...

  4. 44 CFR 332.2 - Developing voluntary agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Developing voluntary agreements. 332.2 Section 332.2 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL...OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED § 332.2 Developing voluntary agreements. (a)...

  5. 76 FR 17367 - National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ...RIN 0693-AB61 National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program; Operating Procedures...operation of the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). NIST...description of how NVLAP establishes laboratory accreditation programs (LAPs)....

  6. Treatment staff turnover in organizations implementing evidence-based practices: Turnover rates and their association with client outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bryan R. Garner; Brooke D. Hunter; Kathryn C. Modisette; Pamela C. Ihnes; Susan H. Godley

    High staff turnover has been described as a problem for the substance use disorder treatment field. This assertion is based primarily on the assumption that staff turnover adversely impacts treatment delivery and effectiveness. This assumption, however, has not been empirically tested. In this study, we computed annualized rates of turnover for treatment staff (n=249) participating in an evidence-based practice implementation

  7. Employees’ Organizational Identification and Affective Organizational Commitment: An Integrative Approach

    PubMed Central

    Stinglhamber, Florence; Marique, Géraldine; Caesens, Gaëtane; Desmette, Donatienne; Hansez, Isabelle; Hanin, Dorothée; Bertrand, Françoise

    2015-01-01

    Although several studies have empirically supported the distinction between organizational identification (OI) and affective commitment (AC), there is still disagreement regarding how they are related. Precisely, little attention has been given to the direction of causality between these two constructs and as to why they have common antecedents and outcomes. This research was designed to fill these gaps. Using a cross-lagged panel design with two measurement times, Study 1 examined the directionality of the relationship between OI and AC, and showed that OI is positively related to temporal change in AC, confirming the antecedence of OI on AC. Using a cross-sectional design, Study 2 investigated the mediating role of OI in the relationship between three work experiences (i.e., perceived organizational support, leader-member exchange, and job autonomy) and AC, and found that OI partially mediates the influence of work experiences on AC. Finally, Study 3 examined longitudinally how OI and AC combine in the prediction of actual turnover, and showed that AC totally mediates the relationship between OI and turnover. Overall, these findings suggest that favorable work experiences operate via OI to increase employees' AC that, in turn, decreases employee turnover. PMID:25875086

  8. Turnover intention in new graduate nurses: a multivariate analysis

    PubMed Central

    Beecroft, Pauline C; Dorey, Frederick; Wenten, Madé

    2008-01-01

    Title Turnover intention in new graduate nurses: a multivariate analysis Aim This paper is a report of a study to determine the relationship of new nurse turnover intent with individual characteristics, work environment variables and organizational factors and to compare new nurse turnover with actual turnover in the 18 months of employment following completion of a residency. Background Because of their influence on patient safety and health outcomes nurse turnover and turnover intent have received considerable attention worldwide. When nurse staffing is inadequate, especially during nursing shortages, unfavourable clinical outcomes have been documented. Method Prospective data collection took place from 1999 to 2006 with 889 new paediatric nurses who completed the same residency. Scores on study instruments were related to likelihood of turnover intent using logistic regression analysis models. Relationships between turnover intent and actual turnover were compared using Kaplan–Meier survivorship. Results The final model demonstrated that older respondents were more likely to have turnover intent if they did not get their ward choice. Also higher scores on work environment and organizational characteristics contributed to likelihood that the new nurse would not be in the turnover intent group. These factors distinguish a new nurse with turnover intent from one without 79% of the time. Increased seeking of social support was related to turnover intent and older new graduates were more likely to be in the turnover intent group if they did not get their ward choice. Conclusion When new graduate nurses are satisfied with their jobs and pay and feel committed to the organization, the odds against turnover intent decrease. What is already known about this topic There is concern in many countries about nurse turnover and the resulting effects on patient safety and quality of care. Decreasing ability to recruit experienced nurses has increased the emphasis on recruitment of new graduate nurses, particularly in the United States of America. Historically, new graduate nurses have a high turnover rate within the first year of employment. What this paper adds When new graduate nurses are satisfied with their jobs and pay and feel committed to the organization, the odds of turnover intent decrease. Increased seeking social support to cope with the transition from student to competent Registered Nurse is related to turnover intent. Older graduates (>30) are 4·5 times more likely to have turnover intent if they do not get their ward of choice. PMID:18352963

  9. Cow-Calf Producer Preferences for Voluntary Traceability Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lee L. Schulz; Glynn T. Tonsor

    2010-01-01

    This article identifies preferences of US cow-calf producers for voluntary traceability systems to better identify the potential success of alternative voluntary traceability systems. Results suggest that notable heterogeneity exists between cow-calf producers in their preferences and the welfare effects of mandating traceability adoption. Producers are sensitive to price, managing entity and information requirements. We provide forecasts of voluntary participation rates

  10. Voluntary Product Standard PS 1-09 Structural Plywood

    E-print Network

    #12;Voluntary Product Standard PS 1-09 Structural Plywood May 2010 U.S. Department of Commerce Gary Page left blank on purpose #12;iii DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (DOC) VOLUNTARY PRODUCT STANDARDS DOC Voluntary Product Standards are developed under procedures published by the Department of Commerce in Title

  11. Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-05 American Softwood Lumber

    E-print Network

    #12;Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-05 American Softwood Lumber Standard Supersedes Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-99 September 2005 U.S. Department of Commerce Carlos M. Gutierrez, Secretary & Technology Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-05 Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Prod. Stand. PS 20-05, 50 pages

  12. Improvement of voluntary quadriceps muscle activation after total knee arthroplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Berth; Dietmar Urbach; Friedemann Awiszus

    2002-01-01

    Berth A, Urbach D, Awiszus F. Improvement of voluntary quadriceps muscle activation after total knee arthroplasty. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:1432-6. Objective: To evaluate the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force and the voluntary activation of the quadriceps femoris muscle in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Design: A prospective intervention study. Setting: University hospital

  13. Promoting Philanthropy? News Publicity and Voluntary Organizations in Canada

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josh Greenberg; David Walters

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports exploratory data from a broader study that examines media representations of the voluntary sector in Canada. It specifically identifies the resources and organizational attributes of Canadian voluntary groups that appear to be important for receiving mainstream news coverage. The data identifies four sets of characteristics of more than 500 voluntary organizations: demographic variables, association type, noneconomic resources,

  14. 47 CFR 80.310 - Watch required by voluntary vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz...Voluntary vessels equipped with VHF-DSC equipment must maintain a watch on 2182...Voluntary vessels equipped with MF-HF DSC equipment must have the radio turned...

  15. 47 CFR 80.310 - Watch required by voluntary vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz...Voluntary vessels equipped with VHF-DSC equipment must maintain a watch on 2182...Voluntary vessels equipped with MF-HF DSC equipment must have the radio turned...

  16. Chronic Teacher Turnover in Urban Elementary Schools

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Education Policy Analysis Archives is well regarded for its peer-reviewed articles that deal with a broad range of topics related to education policy, ranging from articles on college graduation rates to developing culturally sensitive teaching materials. One of the most recent articles will be of great interest to those with an interest in the problem of teacher turnover and attrition in urban elementary schools. This 30-page paper from August 2004 was authored by Kacey Guin, a researcher at the Center on Reinventing Public Education at the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington. The study presented here examines the "characteristics of elementary schools that experience chronic teacher turnover" and also makes several interesting policy suggestions, including the contention that school districts should provide effective incentive programs so that high quality teachers will remain in low-performing schools.

  17. New Employee Benefits Packet

    E-print Network

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    New Employee Benefits Packet University Benefits Administration University of Memphis 165 Administration Bldg. (901) 678-3573 benefits@memphis.edu #12;Contents Retirement ......................................................................................................16 Flexible Benefits Plan

  18. Subtotal of Paid Employees

    E-print Network

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    -Other Faculty Clinical Professors, Adjunct Professors, Lecturers Visting Professors, Clinical Professors, coordinators, and specialists Affiliates Non-Employees are individuals who have a role recognized by the campus

  19. Subtotal of Paid Employees

    E-print Network

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    Clinical Professors, Adjunct Professors, Lecturers Visting Professors, Clinical Professors, Adjunct, coordinators, and specialists Affiliates Non-Employees are individuals who have a role recognized by the campus

  20. Effectiveness of the Voluntary Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Federico E.; Joy, Ernest H.; Reese, David L.

    The Navy's Voluntary Education (VOLED) program provides off-duty sailors seeking to enhance their professional and personal growth with educational opportunities integrating various continuing education. VOLED's four major components are tuition assistance, the Program for Afloat College Education (PACE), academic skills learning centers, and…

  1. The Voluntary Euthanasia (Legalization) Bill (1936) revisited.

    PubMed

    Helme, T

    1991-03-01

    In view of the continuing debate on euthanasia, the restrictions and safeguards which were introduced into the Voluntary Euthanasia (Legislation) Bill 1936 are discussed. Proposals for a new Terminal Care and Euthanasia Bill are suggested, based on some of the principles of the Mental Health Act 1983. PMID:2033626

  2. Voluntary Flammability Regulations for Residential Upholstered Furniture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waxman, Lisa K.; Moore, Mary Ann; Fox, Amy

    2008-01-01

    This article provides merchandising, housing, and design professionals, as well as educators, with a clear understanding of the program objectives and development of the Upholstered Furniture Action Council (UFAC), an industry-driven voluntary product safety association. The central mission of UFAC is to conduct research on cigarette-ignition…

  3. Voluntary Environmental Programs: A Comparative Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prakash, Aseem; Potoski, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    Voluntary environmental programs (VEPs) are institutions for inducing firms to produce environmental goods beyond legal requirements. A comparative perspective on VEPs shows how incentives to sponsor and participate in VEPs vary across countries in ways that reveal their potential and limitations. Our brief survey examines conditions under which…

  4. Voluntary disclosures and information production by analysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nisan Langberg; K. Sivaramakrishnan

    2008-01-01

    We analyze the voluntary disclosure decision of a manager when analysts scrutinize the quality of disclosure. We derive an equilibrium in which managers voluntarily disclose unfavorable information only if sufficiently precise, but disclose favorable news with lower levels of accuracy. We show that analysts cover good news disclosures with higher scrutiny. To the extent analysts rely on mandatory financial reports

  5. Staff's perceptions of voluntary assertiveness skills training.

    PubMed

    McVanel, Sarah; Morris, Beth

    2010-01-01

    Clinicians' ability to be assertive when unsure or concerned about procedures, treatment modalities, or patients' symptoms is key in reducing risk and preventing sentinel events. In this article, the authors provide a framework for generic, voluntary assertiveness communication skills workshops that any educator can implement. PMID:21119378

  6. Ganglioside\\/glycosphingolipid turnover: New concepts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Tettamanti

    2003-01-01

    In this review focus is given to the metabolic turnover of gangliosides\\/glycosphingolipids. The metabolism and accompanying\\u000a intracellular trafficking of gangliosides\\/glycosphingolipids is illustrated with particular attention to the following events:\\u000a (a) the de novo biosynthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, followed by vesicular sorting to the plasma membrane; (b)\\u000a the enzyme-assisted chemical modifications occurring at the plasma membrane level;

  7. Policy burdens, firm performance, and management turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guanmin LIAO; Xin CHEN; Xin JING; Jianfei SUN

    2009-01-01

    Lin, Cai, and Li [Lin, Y., Cai, F., Li, Z., 1998. Competition, policy burdens, and state-owned enterprise reform. American Economic Review 88, 422–327] argue that under information asymmetry, SOE managers can use state-imposed policy burdens as excuses of poor performance and make the State accountable for it. The argument implies that turnover–performance sensitivity of SOEs decreases as policy burdens increase

  8. UCLA Employee Safety Handbook COVER1 2013 UCLA Employee

    E-print Network

    Koehler, Carla

    ...................................................................................................................................................... 10 Electrical SafetyUCLA Employee Safety Handbook COVER1 2013 UCLA Employee Safety Handbook ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY #12;UCLA Employee Safety Handbook ii 2013 The content of this Handbook is not all

  9. Health and Turnover of Working Mothers After Childbirth Via the Work–Family Interface: An Analysis Across Time

    PubMed Central

    Carlson, Dawn S.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Ferguson, Merideth; Hunter, Emily M.; Clinch, C. Randall; Arcury, Thomas A.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined organizational levers that impact work–family experiences, participant health, and subsequent turnover. Using a sample of 179 women returning to full-time work 4 months after childbirth, we examined the associations of 3 job resources (job security, skill discretion, and schedule control) with work-to-family enrichment and the associations of 2 job demands (psychological requirements and nonstandard work schedules) with work-to-family conflict. Further, we considered subsequent impact of work-to-family conflict and enrichment on women’s health (physical and mental health) 8 months after women returned to work and the impact of health on voluntary turnover 12 months after women returned to work. Having a nonstandard work schedule was directly and positively related to conflict, whereas schedule control buffered the effect of psychological requirements on conflict. Skill discretion and job security, both job resources, directly and positively related to enrichment. Work-to-family conflict was negatively related to both physical and mental health, but work-to-family enrichment positively predicted only physical health. Physical health and mental health both negatively influenced turnover. We discuss implications and opportunities for future research. PMID:21604833

  10. On voluntary rhythmic leg movement behaviour and control during pedalling.

    PubMed

    Hansen, E A

    2015-06-01

    The overall purpose of the present dissertation was to contribute to the understanding of voluntary human rhythmic leg movement behaviour and control. This was achieved by applying pedalling as a movement model and exposing healthy and recreationally active individuals as well as trained cyclists to for example cardiopulmonary and mechanical loading, fatiguing exercise, and heavy strength training. As a part of the background, the effect of pedalling frequency on diverse relevant biomechanical, physiological, and psychophysiological variables as well as on performance was initially explored. Freely chosen pedalling frequency is considerably higher than the energetically optimal pedalling frequency. This has been shown by others and was confirmed in the present work. As a result, pedal force is relatively low while rates of VO2 and energy turnover are relatively high during freely chosen pedalling as compared to a condition where a lower and more efficient pedalling frequency is imposed. The freely chosen pedalling frequency was in the present work, and by others, found to most likely be less advantageous than the lower energetically optimal pedalling frequency with respect to performance during intensive cycling following prolonged submaximal cycling. This stimulates the motivation to understand the behaviour and control of the freely chosen pedalling frequency during cycling. Freely chosen pedalling frequency was in the present work shown to be highly individual. In addition, the pedalling frequency was shown to be steady in a longitudinal perspective across 12 weeks. Further, it was shown to be unaffected by both fatiguing hip extension exercise and hip flexion exercise as well as by increased loading on the cardiopulmonary system at constant mechanical loading, and vice versa. Based on this, the freely chosen pedalling frequency is considered to be characterised as a highly individual, steady, and robust innate voluntary motor rhythm under primary influence of central pattern generators. The last part of the characterisation is largely based on, and supported by, work of other researchers in the field. Despite the robustness of the freely chosen pedalling frequency, it may be affected by some particular factors. As an example from the present work, freely chosen pedalling frequency during treadmill cycling increased by on average 15 to 17 rpm when power output was increased from a value corresponding to 86% and up to 165% of Wmax . This phenomenon is supported by other studies. As another example from the present work, freely chosen pedalling frequency decreased by on average 9 to 14 rpm following heavy strength training that involved both hip extension and hip flexion. Further, the present work suggested that the latter phenomenon occurred within the first week of training and was caused by in particular the hip extension strength training rather than the hip flexion strength training. The fast response to the strength training indicated that neural adaptations presumably caused the observed changes in movement behaviour. The internal organisation of the central pattern generator is by some other researchers in the field considered to be functionally separated into two components, in which, one is responsible for movement frequency and another is responsible for movement pattern. For the present dissertation, the freely chosen pedalling frequency was considered to reflect the rhythmic movement frequency of the voluntary rhythmic leg movement of pedalling. The tangential pedal force profile was considered to reflect the rhythmic movement pattern. The present work showed that fatiguing hip flexion exercise in healthy and recreationally active individuals modified the tangential pedal force profile during cycling at a pre-set target pedalling frequency in a way that the minimum tangential pedal force became more negative, the maximum tangential pedal force increased, and the phase with negative tangential pedal force increased. In other words, the legs were "actively lifted" to a lesser extent in the upstroke

  11. Employee Drug Testing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Neuhaus Jr; Richard Caplan

    1992-01-01

    The authors examine the limitations of employee drug testing as a method of improving productivity and safety in the workplace. Attempts to modify licit and illicit drug use, including prohibition, are briefly reviewed, and the importance of social setting is underscored. The authors discourage the widespread use of employee drug testing because of problems in interpreting the significance of test

  12. Theme: Employee Ownership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Michael E.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Includes "Introduction" (Gordon); "Employee Ownership: Opportunities for Unions" (Blasi, Kruse); "Participation, Control, and Performance" (Rosen); Beyond the Contract: Taking on Ownership" (Mackin); "Worker Participation on Boards of Directors" (Hammer); and "Case Study of Employee Ownership and Governance in the Shipbuilding and Maritime…

  13. Employee engagement – completely

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Townsend; Joan Gebhardt

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – Looks at how the world has changed in terms of providing goods and services and what that means to the employees providing them Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Examines how a complete quality process can encourage employee engagement. Findings – A complete quality process takes concentration and times: surprisingly little time. The elapsed time between the decision to pursue this option

  14. Job and industry turnover for registered and licensed vocational nurses.

    PubMed

    Spetz, Joanne; Rickles, Jordan; Chapman, Susan; Ong, Paul M

    2008-09-01

    Most studies of nurse turnover focus on job turnover, which could reflect nurse advancement and thus not be detrimental to the workforce. The authors discuss findings from a study that involved 2 cohorts of graduates from registered nursing and licensed vocational nursing community college programs in California. The duration of employment in the healthcare industry, as well as with specific employers, is tracked, lending a more thorough analysis of nursing job and industry turnover than found in other studies. PMID:18791420

  15. Characterization of the mammalian miRNA turnover landscape

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Yanwen; Liu, Jun; Elfenbein, Sarah J.; Ma, Yinghong; Zhong, Mei; Qiu, Caihong; Ding, Ye; Lu, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Steady state cellular microRNA (miRNA) levels represent the balance between miRNA biogenesis and turnover. The kinetics and sequence determinants of mammalian miRNA turnover during and after miRNA maturation are not fully understood. Through a large-scale study on mammalian miRNA turnover, we report the co-existence of multiple cellular miRNA pools with distinct turnover kinetics and biogenesis properties and reveal previously unrecognized sequence features for fast turnover miRNAs. We measured miRNA turnover rates in eight mammalian cell types with a combination of expression profiling and deep sequencing. While most miRNAs are stable, a subset of miRNAs, mostly miRNA*s, turnovers quickly, many of which display a two-step turnover kinetics. Moreover, different sequence isoforms of the same miRNA can possess vastly different turnover rates. Fast turnover miRNA isoforms are enriched for 5? nucleotide bias against Argonaute-(AGO)-loading, but also additional 3? and central sequence features. Modeling based on two fast turnover miRNA*s miR-222-5p and miR-125b-1-3p, we unexpectedly found that while both miRNA*s are associated with AGO, they strongly differ in HSP90 association and sensitivity to HSP90 inhibition. Our data characterize the landscape of genome-wide miRNA turnover in cultured mammalian cells and reveal differential HSP90 requirements for different miRNA*s. Our findings also implicate rules for designing stable small RNAs, such as siRNAs. PMID:25653157

  16. High bone turnover in Irish professional jockeys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Waldron-Lynch; B. F. Murray; J. J. Brady; M. J. McKenna; A. McGoldrick; G. Warrington; G. O’Loughlin; J. M. Barragry

    2010-01-01

    Summary  Professional jockeys are routinely exposed to high impact trauma and sustain fractures frequently. We found that jockeys restrict\\u000a their caloric intake in order to maintain regulation weights, and that bone turnover is high. There are significant health\\u000a and safety implications for the racing industry.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Introduction  Professional jockeys routinely sustain fractures from high impact falls. Jockeys maintain a low percentage body fat

  17. Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program 

    E-print Network

    Wolf, C. A., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    themselves with the Voluntary Task Force system. TIlE PROGRAM The question that can reasonably be asked is ''Why would industrial firms choose to voluntarily practise energy conservation and commit to reporting via the Sector Task Force programme... people is necessary to improve efficiencies. Sane examples of "retrofit" projects would be: double glazing windows, adding insulation to pipes and walls, installing control devices on boilers and electrical circuits, replacing equipment like motors...

  18. Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Voluntary Reporting

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    This document, provided by the US Energy Information Agency, summarizes emission data reported for 1995 as part of the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program. Global warming is caused by increasing quantities of greenhouse gases being emitted into the atmosphere. Such gases include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and toxic pollutants. Estimates of temperature increase range from 2-6.5 degrees Fahrenheit in the next 100 years.

  19. The Relationship between Interpersonal Trust, Employee Satisfaction, and Employee Loyalty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kurt Matzler; Birgit Renzl

    2006-01-01

    Employee satisfaction is considered to be one of the most important drivers of quality, customer satisfaction and productivity. In this study we investigate an important driver of employee satisfaction. We argue that interpersonal trust (trust in management and trust in peers) strongly influences employee satisfaction and, as a consequence, employee loyalty. To test the relationships between these constructs we measured

  20. Antecedents of turnover intention and actual turnover among information systems personnel in South Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. C. Smith; H. L. Speight

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates Information Systems (IS) personnel turnover in South Africa. The results indicate that there is significant positive correlation between job satisfaction, career satisfaction and organisational commitment, whereby individuals experiencing job satisfaction are more likely to be committed to their organisation and experience career satisfaction. In addition, job satisfaction, career satisfaction and organisational commitment were all found to be

  1. Voluntary Green Power Market Forecast through 2015

    SciTech Connect

    Bird, L.; Holt, E.; Sumner, J.; Kreycik, C.

    2010-05-01

    Various factors influence the development of the voluntary 'green' power market--the market in which consumers purchase or produce power from non-polluting, renewable energy sources. These factors include climate policies, renewable portfolio standards (RPS), renewable energy prices, consumers' interest in purchasing green power, and utilities' interest in promoting existing programs and in offering new green options. This report presents estimates of voluntary market demand for green power through 2015 that were made using historical data and three scenarios: low-growth, high-growth, and negative-policy impacts. The resulting forecast projects the total voluntary demand for renewable energy in 2015 to range from 63 million MWh annually in the low case scenario to 157 million MWh annually in the high case scenario, representing an approximately 2.5-fold difference. The negative-policy impacts scenario reflects a market size of 24 million MWh. Several key uncertainties affect the results of this forecast, including uncertainties related to growth assumptions, the impacts that policy may have on the market, the price and competitiveness of renewable generation, and the level of interest that utilities have in offering and promoting green power products.

  2. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions: Voluntary reporting

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The Voluntary Reporting Program, developed pursuant to Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, permits corporations, government agencies, households, and voluntary organizations to report on their emissions of greenhouse gases, and on actions taken that have reduced or avoided emissions or sequestered carbon, to the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This, the second annual report of the Voluntary Reporting Program, describes information provided by the participating organizations on their aggregate emissions and emissions reductions, as well as their emissions reduction or avoidance projects, through 1995. This information has been compiled into a database that includes reports from 142 organizations and descriptions of 967 projects that either reduced greenhouse gas emissions or sequestered carbon. Fifty-one reporters also provided estimates of emissions, and emissions reductions achieved, for their entire organizations. The projects described actions taken to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide from energy production and use; to reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions from energy use, waste management, and agricultural processes; to reduce emissions of halocarbons, such as CFCs and their replacements; and to increase carbon sequestration.

  3. Turn-over in pulsar spectra around 1 GHz

    E-print Network

    J. Kijak; Y. Gupta; K. Krzeszowski

    2006-11-14

    The main aim is to investigate the possibility of a high frequency turn-over in the radio spectrum of pulsars. Using the GMRT, multi-frequency flux density measurements of several candidate pulsars have been carried out and their spectra have been extended to lower frequencies. We present the first direct evidence for turn-over in pulsar radio spectra at high frequencies. A total of 3 pulsars (including 2 new ones from this study) are now shown to have a turn-over frequency > 1 GHz, and one is shown to have a turn-over at ~600 MHz.

  4. Turnover of Dhurrin in Green Sorghum Seedlings

    PubMed Central

    Adewusi, Steve R. A.

    1990-01-01

    The turnover of dhurrin in green seedlings of Sorghum bicolor (Linn) Moench var Redland x Greenleaf, Sudan 70 has been investigated using glyphosate and pulse-labeling studies with 14C-tyrosine and [14C]shikimic acid. The rate of dhurrin breakdown was 4.8 nanomoles per hour in the shoot and 1.4 nanomoles per hour in the root. The rate of dhurrin accumulation in the shoot of 4- to 5-day-old seedlings was high but decreased with age until at the peak period of dhurrin accumulation, the rates of dhurrin synthesis and breakdown were equal. Using a first order equation (an approximation) the rate of dhurrin synthesis (which equals accumulation plus breakdown rates) was 17.4 nanomoles per hour in the shoot and 4.1 nanomoles per hour in the root. In both tissues, the breakdown rate was between 27 and 34% of their synthetic capacity within the experimental period. Dhurrin synthesis in green sorghum seedlings occurred in both the light and dark photoperiods but was faster in the dark period. The result is discussed in relation to the possible metabolic roles of the turnover. PMID:16667820

  5. Employees with Migraine Headaches

    MedlinePLUS

    ... employees need training regarding migraine headaches? Accommodation Ideas Lighting Triggers: Add fluorescent light filters to existing fluorescent lights to create a more natural lighting Change lighting completely Provide an anti-glare filter ...

  6. Employee Handbook Bryant University

    E-print Network

    Blais, Brian

    Harassment 7 1. Reporting Procedures 9 2. Information/Counseling Resources 11 3. Internal Contact List 11 III. Responsible Use of Electronic Mail, Voice Mail and the Internet 13 E. Employee Identification Card 14 F

  7. USGS Employee At Work

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources employees measure current velocity and dissolved oxygen as part of a Long Term Resource Monitoring Program (LTRMP) partnership with the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center (UMESC), Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS) Pool 8...

  8. Confidentiality Agreement Employee Name

    E-print Network

    Kelly, Scott David

    Confidentiality Agreement Employee Name: I understand that my access to the confidential data, information, and records (hereinafter "Confidential Information") maintained in UNC Charlotte's electronic of performing my duties as a University faculty or staff member. Confidential Information includes

  9. Intrapreneurship: tapping employee creativity.

    PubMed

    Marszalek-Gaucher, E; Elsenhans, V D

    1988-12-01

    Seeking ways to produce new products, processes, and programs that would result in cost savings or increased revenue for nursing services and the institution, as well as attracting and retaining bright, creative nursing employees, the authors developed a pilot program to allow intrapreneurs to "run with" their ideas. The authors discuss the mechanics of their program development, implementation, and evaluation as well as examples of innovative projects under development by nursing employees. PMID:3057132

  10. Current State of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Market (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Heeter, J.

    2013-09-01

    This presentation highlights the status of the voluntary green power market in 2012. The voluntary green power market totaled more than 48 million MWh in 2012, with about 1.9 million customers participating. The supply continues to be dominated by wind, though solar is increasing its share of utility green pricing programs. Prices for voluntary renewable energy certificates (RECs) increased to above $1/MWh.

  11. Employee Interest Survey This employee interest survey is designed to assess employee interests in worksite wellness

    E-print Network

    Employee Interest Survey This employee interest survey is designed to assess employee interests plan a wellness program that meets the needs of employees at your worksite. All information to control my weight 3. Learning more about the benefits of physical activity 4. Engaging in a walking

  12. Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae)

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Mike

    Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae) Joseph A. Ross1,2¤ , James R, United States of America Abstract Diverse sex-chromosome systems are found in vertebrates, particularly been proposed for the rapid turnover of sex chromosomes, including the transposition of an existing sex

  13. Organizational Characteristics Associated With Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas G. Castle; John Engberg

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The association between certified nurse aide, licensed practical nurse, and registered nurse turnover and the organizational characteristics of nursing homes are examined. Design and Meth- ods: Hypotheses for eight organizational character- istics are examined (staffing levels, top management turnover, resident case mix, facility quality, owner- ship, chain membership, size, and Medicaid census), using Online Survey, Certification, and Reporting (known

  14. Organizational Characteristics Associated with Staff Turnover in Nursing Homes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castle, Nicholas G.; Engberg, John

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The association between certified nurse aide, licensed practical nurse, and registered nurse turnover and the organizational characteristics of nursing homes are examined. Design and Methods: Hypotheses for eight organizational characteristics are examined (staffing levels, top management turnover, resident case mix, facility quality,…

  15. Managing Nursing Personnel Turnover Rates: Strategies for Nursing Home Professionals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernice Halbur

    1986-01-01

    With turnover rates for nursing personnel in nursing homes documented as high and assumed to be detrimental for quality resident care, it is important to identify strategies that nursing home professionals may use to manage such rates. This article does so, using as a base the major findings of a 1978 study of annual turnover rates for nursing personnel and

  16. Analysis of the Educational Personnel System: IV. Teacher Turnover.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Emmett B.

    This report attempts to predict the rates of teacher turnover in the 1970s, which teachers will leave the profession, and what the effects of turnover will be on the educational personnel system. The overall termination rate has varied from six to 11 percent over the last 15 years. An analysis of recent changes in the teaching profession is used…

  17. Quantitative Interpretation of the Randomness in Single Enzyme Turnover Times

    E-print Network

    Cao, Jianshu

    Quantitative Interpretation of the Randomness in Single Enzyme Turnover Times Seongeun Yang ABSTRACT Fluctuating turnover times of a single enzyme become observable with the advent of modern cutting-edge, single enzyme experimental techniques. Although the conventional chemical kinetics and its modern

  18. Estimation of Water Turnover Rate in Captive Dugongs ( Dugong dugon)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet M. Lanyon; Keith Newgrain; Teuku Sahir Syah Alli

    2006-01-01

    Water turnover rate was measured for two cap- tive dugongs (Dugong dugon) using deuterated water. Body water content of 69.5% in a dugong was high compared to other marine mammals. A water turnover of 257.2 ml kg -1 day -1 measured in one dugong was almost twice as high as the highest rates measured in studies of captive West Indian

  19. Caloric restriction and lifespan: a role for protein turnover?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nektarios Tavernarakis; Monica Driscoll

    2002-01-01

    Oxidative damage to cellular macromolecules has been postulated to be a major contributor to the ageing of diverse organisms. Oxidative damage can be limited by maintaining high anti-oxidant defenses and by clearing\\/repairing damage efficiently. Protein turnover is one of the main routes by which functional proteins are maintained and damaged proteins are removed. Protein turnover rates decline with age, which

  20. Key Personnel: Identification and Assessment of Turnover Risk Craig Schreiber

    E-print Network

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    , Pennsylvania 15213 Tel: (412) 268-7527 Email: craigs@andrew.cmu.edu Keywords: Key Personnel, Turnover, HumanKey Personnel: Identification and Assessment of Turnover Risk Craig Schreiber Kathleen Carley. ______________________________________________________________ Contact: Craig Schreiber Institute for Software Research, International Center for the Computational

  1. Factors Affecting Principal Turnover: A Study of Three Midwestern Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belt, Charles M.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose. This dissertation addresses the problem of principal turnover. Using state and city level administrative data, a study of principals and their schools in greater Kansas City, Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was conducted with the goal of discovering themes that emerge regarding the factors associated with turnover

  2. Creating a nursing residency: decrease turnover and increase clinical competence.

    PubMed

    Welding, Nicole M

    2011-01-01

    New graduates are the largest source of registered nurses available for recruitment, and graduates are expected to transition quickly into professional practice. Stress of this transition can lead to high turnover within the first year. The design and goals of a graduate nurse residency program to increase competence, leadership, and job satisfaction, and ultimately decrease turnover are reported. PMID:21446293

  3. Understanding the Impacts of Induction Programs on Beginning Teacher Turnover

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Seok

    2010-01-01

    This study examines impacts of mentoring and induction activities on beginning teacher turnover using the School and Staffing Survey (SASS) of 1999-2000 and the Teacher Follow-up Survey (TFS) of 2000-2001. In order to improve understanding of the influence of induction programs on beginning teacher turnover, three models are developed to achieve…

  4. Pineal Gland: 24Hour Rhythm in Norepinephrine Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Brownstein; Julius Axelrod

    1974-01-01

    There is a 24-hour rhythm in the turnover of norepinephrine in sympathetic nerves innervating the pineal gland. This rhythm persists in blinded animals but is suppressed in normal rats by light. The rhythm in norepinephrine turnover generates the rhythms in pineal indoleamines and N-acetyltransferase.

  5. A Supervisor like Me: Race, Representation, and the Satisfaction and Turnover Decisions of Public Sector Employees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grissom, Jason A.; Keiser, Lael R.

    2011-01-01

    Studies of race representation in public organizations illustrate the importance of bureaucrat race in determining client-level outcomes. Building "upward" from this research, this study examines how supervisor race impacts outcomes for street-level bureaucrats using data from a nationally representative sample of public schools. Employing…

  6. Determinants of Employee Job Satisfaction: An Empirical Test of a Causal Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Augustine O. Agho; Charles W. Mueller; James L. Price

    1993-01-01

    The job satisfaction model embedded in the Price-Mueller turnover model was revised and estimated. The revised model examined the effects of a series of environmental, job characteristics, and personality variables that were excluded from the Price-Mueller model. Two-wave longitudinal data were collected from 405 employees of a 327-bed Veterans Administration Medical Center. Four different models representing refinements of the proposed

  7. 77 FR 15352 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Expanding Incentives for Voluntary Conservation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ...Expanding Incentives for Voluntary Conservation Actions Under the Endangered Species...landowners and others to take voluntary conservation actions to benefit species that may...that the benefits of such voluntary conservation actions will be recognized as...

  8. 40 CFR 90.1203 - Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. 90.1203 Section 90.1203...BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Voluntary In-Use Testing § 90.1203 Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. (a) Manufacturers may...

  9. 40 CFR 90.1203 - Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... false Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. 90.1203 Section 90.1203...BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Voluntary In-Use Testing § 90.1203 Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. (a) Manufacturers may...

  10. 40 CFR 90.1203 - Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... true Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. 90.1203 Section 90.1203...BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Voluntary In-Use Testing § 90.1203 Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. (a) Manufacturers may...

  11. 40 CFR 90.1203 - Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... false Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. 90.1203 Section 90.1203...BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Voluntary In-Use Testing § 90.1203 Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. (a) Manufacturers may...

  12. 40 CFR 90.1203 - Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... false Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. 90.1203 Section 90.1203...BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Voluntary In-Use Testing § 90.1203 Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. (a) Manufacturers may...

  13. 75 FR 60773 - Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification Preparedness Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ...Docket ID FEMA-2008-0017] Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification...small business concerns in the Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification...mandated DHS to establish a voluntary private sector preparedness accreditation...

  14. 75 FR 34148 - Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification Preparedness Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ...Docket ID FEMA-2008-0017] Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification...adoption of three standards for the Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification...DHS to develop and implement a Voluntary Private Sector Preparedness Accreditation...

  15. TOWARDS A NEW PARADIGM: EMPLOYEE ENLIGHTENMENT

    E-print Network

    M M, Sulphey

    2008-01-01

    satisfaction, commitment, organisational citizenship behaviour, employeethat job Satisfaction is a result of employee’s perceptionSatisfaction and Organisational Commitment as Predictors of Behavioural Intentions and Employee

  16. A qualitative evidence synthesis of employees’ views of workplace smoking reduction or cessation interventions

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The need to reduce smoking rates is a recognised public health policy issue in many countries. The workplace offers a potential context for offering smokers’ programmes and interventions to assist smoking cessation or reduction. A qualitative evidence synthesis of employees’ views about such programmes might explain why some interventions appear effective and others not, and can be used to develop evidence-based interventions for this population and setting. Methods A qualitative evidence synthesis of primary research exploring employees’ views about workplace interventions to encourage smoking cessation, including both voluntary programmes and passive interventions, such as restrictions or bans. The method used was theory-based “best fit” framework synthesis. Results Five relevant theories on workplace smoking cessation were identified and used as the basis for an a priori framework. A comprehensive literature search, including interrogation of eight databases, retrieved 747 unique citations for the review. Fifteen primary research studies of qualitative evidence were found to satisfy the inclusion criteria. The synthesis produced an evidence-based conceptual model explaining employees’ experiences of, and preferences regarding, workplace smoking interventions. Conclusion The synthesis suggests that workplace interventions should employ a range of different elements if they are to prove effective in reducing smoking among employees. This is because an employee who feels ready and able to change their behaviour has different needs and preferences from an employee who is not at that stage. Only a multi-faceted intervention can satisfy the requirements of all employees. PMID:24274158

  17. Employee Address Change Form Current Employee There are two options

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Employee Address Change Form Current Employee ­ There are two options ­ There are two options 1. Can update their address via BroncoWeb, instructions below Login Personal Information" Select "Addresses" There are three Address Types and not all

  18. Can Influenza Epidemics Be Prevented by Voluntary Vaccination?

    E-print Network

    Blower, Sally

    Can Influenza Epidemics Be Prevented by Voluntary Vaccination? Raffaele Vardavas, Romulus Breban the vaccination coverage level necessary for preventing influenza epidemics, but have not shown whether, whether the critical coverage for influenza can be achieved by voluntary vaccination. We construct a novel

  19. A Chain-Retrieval Model for Voluntary Task Switching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandierendonck, Andre; Demanet, Jelle; Liefooghe, Baptist; Verbruggen, Frederick

    2012-01-01

    To account for the findings obtained in voluntary task switching, this article describes and tests the chain-retrieval model. This model postulates that voluntary task selection involves retrieval of task information from long-term memory, which is then used to guide task selection and task execution. The model assumes that the retrieved…

  20. Accommodations for Students with Disabilities Voluntary Self-Identification Form

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    Accommodations for Students with Disabilities ­ Voluntary Self-Identification Form SyracuseServices,oryouwishtodiscussaccommodations,youmaycalltheOfficeofDisabilityServicesat315-443-4498 (voice) or 315-443-5019 (TDD and voice). ODS contact: Director of the Office for Students with Disabilities Voluntary Self-Identification Form If you have a disability of which you would

  1. Investment Opportunity Set, Ownership Control and Voluntary Disclosures in Malaysia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Akhtaruddin; M. Hossain

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the association between investment opportunity set and voluntary disclosures. The influence of ownership control as a mediator in this relationship is also examined. The results obtained in the analyses are consistent with the predictions. This study indicates that growth firms benefit from higher level of voluntary disclosures and higher level of ownership control by outside shareholders due

  2. The efficiency of voluntary incentive policies for preventing biodiversity loss

    E-print Network

    Weiblen, George D

    Heritage Data Center Network, 1993). Voluntary incentives are the most common mechanism used to encourageThe efficiency of voluntary incentive policies for preventing biodiversity loss David J. Lewis a Accepted 26 April 2010 Available online 6 May 2010 JEL classification: Q24 Q57 Keywords: Incentive policies

  3. 15 CFR 12.3 - Development of voluntary product standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...such a conclusion, the Secretary will publish a proposed determination that a voluntary...this section, the Secretary shall either publish a final determination that a voluntary...standard will not be published, or he shall publish a notice withdrawing his proposed...

  4. 15 CFR 12.3 - Development of voluntary product standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...such a conclusion, the Secretary will publish a proposed determination that a voluntary...this section, the Secretary shall either publish a final determination that a voluntary...standard will not be published, or he shall publish a notice withdrawing his proposed...

  5. 15 CFR 12.3 - Development of voluntary product standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...such a conclusion, the Secretary will publish a proposed determination that a voluntary...this section, the Secretary shall either publish a final determination that a voluntary...standard will not be published, or he shall publish a notice withdrawing his proposed...

  6. 15 CFR 12.3 - Development of voluntary product standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...such a conclusion, the Secretary will publish a proposed determination that a voluntary...this section, the Secretary shall either publish a final determination that a voluntary...standard will not be published, or he shall publish a notice withdrawing his proposed...

  7. 15 CFR 12.3 - Development of voluntary product standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...such a conclusion, the Secretary will publish a proposed determination that a voluntary...this section, the Secretary shall either publish a final determination that a voluntary...standard will not be published, or he shall publish a notice withdrawing his proposed...

  8. Factors Influencing Voluntary Corporate Disclosure by Kenyan Companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dulacha G. Barako; Phil Hancock; H. Y. Izan

    2006-01-01

    There has been considerable research in respect of voluntary disclosure by companies and factors that may explain such disclosure. However, most of the research has been centred in developed countries. This study extends the previous literature by examining voluntary disclosure in a developing country, namely Kenya. Over the last decade, the Kenyan Government has initiated several far-reaching reforms at the

  9. VOLUNTARY OBSERVING SHIPS (VOS) CLIMATE SUBSET PROJECT (VOSCLIM) PROJECT DOCUMENT

    E-print Network

    WMO IOC JCOMM VOLUNTARY OBSERVING SHIPS (VOS) CLIMATE SUBSET PROJECT (VOSCLIM) PROJECT DOCUMENT #12 observations 4. Selection of ships 5. Instrumentation and observations 6. Data collection and verification 7 FOR THE VOLUNTARY OBSERVING SHIPS (VOS) CLIMATE SUBSET PROJECT (VOSCLIM) 1. Objectives The primary objective

  10. 29 CFR 1960.59 - Training of employees and employee representatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Training of employees and employee representatives... Training § 1960.59 Training of employees and employee representatives...appropriate safety and health training for employees including specialized...

  11. EMPLOYEE LEARNING ORIENTATION, TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, AND EMPLOYEE CREATIVITY: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF EMPLOYEE CREATIVE SELF-EFFICACY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YAPING GONG; JIA-CHI HUANG; JIING-LIH FARH

    We examined the relationship between employee creativity and job performance. Further- more, we identified two learning-related personal and situational variables—employee learning orientation and transformational leadership—and examined their effects on employee creativity through employee creative self-efficacy. We found that employee creativity was positively related to employee sales and to supervisor-rated employee job performance. Employee learning orientation and transformational leadership were posi-

  12. Employee Perceptions of Quality Management: Effects of Employee Orientation Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akdere, Mesut; Schmidt, Steven W.

    2008-01-01

    This empirical study examines employee perceptions of quality management at three different time periods. New employees at a large United States manufacturing organization were surveyed regarding their perceptions of their organization's quality management practices before they attended a new employee orientation training, immediately after the…

  13. 78 FR 57818 - Commission Participation and Commission Employee Involvement in Voluntary Standards Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-20

    ...standards development group for leadership positions. Staff's leadership role may involve helping the...regarding definitions, lists the types of activities that may comprise...voting member of, or in a leadership position on, a...

  14. Food intake, nutrient utilization and water turnover in the lesser mouse-deer (Tragulus javanicus) given lundai (Sapium baccatum).

    PubMed

    Nolan, J V; Liang, J B; Abdullah, N; Kudo, H; Ismail, H; Ho, Y W; Jalaludin, S

    1995-05-01

    Voluntary food intake, digestibility and water turnover were determined in adult Malaysian lesser mouse-deer (Tragulus javanicus) given unlimited access to lundai foliage (Sapium baccatum). Daily dry matter (DM) intake was 42.4 g/kg metabolic live mass (M0.73) or 3.7% M. Digestible energy intake was 853 kJ/day (571 kJ metabolisable energy per M0.73), calculated to be used with 79% efficiency. Apparent digestibility (%) of organic matter was 83.8, crude fibre 63.7, acid detergent fibre 60.5, neutral detergent fibre 72.1 and crude protein 65.0. Urinary excretion of the purine derivative, allantoin, was 0.05 mg/g digestible DM intake suggesting rumen microbial yield efficiency may be lower than in other ruminant species. Total water intake was 182 ml/M0.82. The body-water content of the fed mouse-deer, from tritiated water dilution, was 77% M, consistent with a very lean carcass. Turnover of body water was 17% per day. The mouse-deer produced relatively dry, well-defined faecal pellets. PMID:7735907

  15. Employee guide to respiratory protection

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, E.M.

    1982-01-01

    This employee guide discusses use of respiratory protective equipment for particulates, gases, vapors, supplied air, and self-contained breathing apparatus. It also covers equipment selection medical factors, fitting criteria; care; and employee responsibilities. (PSB)

  16. EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION

    E-print Network

    Bolch, Tobias

    Page | 0 EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION _________________ Risk, Safety & Security 3333 University Way to be acquainted with the safety program, welcome! Risk, Safety & Security at UNBC is dynamic. With more than 3 worksite and safe work procedures which pertain to your job. The role of the Risk and Safety Office

  17. Opportunities Dartmouth Employees

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    AND RESOURCES artmouth's Real Estate Office can assist employees with renting, owning, or financing a home in the Upper Valley. F/EAP offers cost- free counseling services to faculty, staff, and family members. IDE.dartmouth.edu/~eap/> International Office Office of Institutional Diversity & Equity (IDE)

  18. Enhancing Employee Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    This document contains four symposium papers on enhancing employee skills. "The Effect of Study Skills Training Intervention on United States Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices" (John C. Griffith) demonstrates how study skills intervention resulted in a significant increase in the end-of-course scores of a sample of 90 randomly selected Air Force…

  19. Employees on the Move!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Sarah

    This paper describes a method for designing, implementing, and evaluating a work-site physical activity campaign aimed at employees who are currently sedentary in their leisure time. Inactivity is a major but modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease. Increasing the activity levels of underactive adults would have a positive impact on…

  20. Food Service Employee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech. Univ., Lubbock. School of Home Economics.

    This course of study for the food service employee is one of a series available for use by teacher- coordinators and students in Grade 11 and 12 home economics cooperative education programs. Based on job analysis interviews with food service personnel, it was prepared by teachers and Instructional Materials Center staff, field-tested, and revised…

  1. Managing Employee Assistance Programmes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidenberg, Olive C.; Cordery, John L.

    1990-01-01

    Interviews with 20 branch managers and 20 accountants in an Australian bank determined factors influencing the success of an employee assistance program (EAP). It was found that policies requiring supervisors to act against normal managerial practice doom EAPs to failure. Organizational analysis to integrate the EAP within existing organizational…

  2. Assessing Employee Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    This document contains four symposium papers on assessing employee performance. In "Influence of Liking and Similarity on Multi-rater Proficiency Ratings of Managerial Competencies" (Reid A. Bates), the pattern of correlations identified between raters, independent variables, and different competencies suggests that raters may react differently to…

  3. Assessing Employee Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on assessing employee skills. "Bridging the Training Gap: Identifying Work Place Transferable Skills Needs in Manufacturing Organizations in East Central Minnesota" (K. Peter Kuchinke, James M. Brown, Howie Anderson, Joe Hobson) reports a study of a workplace education program in rural Minnesota…

  4. Turnover of cytokeratin polypeptides in mouse hepatocytes

    SciTech Connect

    Denk, H.; Lackinger, E.; Zatloukal, K. (Univ. of Graz (Austria)); Franke, W.W. (German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (West Germany))

    1987-11-01

    The turnover of cytokeratin polypeptides A (equivalent to No. 8 of the human cytokeratin catalog) and D (equivalent to human cytokeratin No. 18) of mouse hepatocytes was studied by pulse-labeling of mouse liver proteins after intraperitoneal injection of L-(guanido{sup 14}C)arginine and ({sup 14}C)sodium bicarbonate. With L-(guanido-{sup 14}C)arginine a rapid increase in the specific radioactivity of both cytokeratins was observed which reached a plateau between 12 and 24 h. With ({sup 14}C)sodium bicarbonate maximal specific radioactivity was obtained at 6 h followed by a rapid decrease to half maximum values within the subsequent 6 h and then a slower decrease. Half-lives were determined from the decrease of specific radioactivities after pulse-labeling by least-squares plots and found to be 84 h (for cytokeratin component A) and 104 h (component D) for arginine labeling . Values obtained after bicarbonate labeling were similar (95 h for A and 98 h for D). These results show that liver cytokeratins are relatively stable proteins and suggest that components A and D are synthesized and degraded at similar rates, probably in a coordinate way.

  5. February 7, 2011 Employee Engagement Survey

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    February 7, 2011 Employee Engagement Survey Employee Feedback Continues to Shape the Health System, the Health System will conduct an Employee Engagement Survey in follow up to the employee engagement surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009. The Employee Engagement Survey provides employees with an opportunity to take

  6. Autoradiographic imaging of phosphoinositide turnover in the brain

    SciTech Connect

    Hwang, P.M.; Bredt, D.S.; Snyder, S.H. (Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (USA))

    1990-08-17

    With ({sup 3}H)cytidine as a precursor, phosphoinositide turnover can be localized in brain slices by selective autoradiography of the product ({sup 3}H)cytidine diphosphate diacylglycerol, which is membrane-bound. In the cerebellum, glutamatergic stimulation elicits an increase of phosphoinositide turnover only in Purkinje cells and the molecular layer. In the hippocampus, both glutamatergic and muscarinic cholinergic stimulation increase phosphoinositide turnover, but with distinct localizations. Cholinergic stimulation affects CA1, CA3, CA4, and subiculum, whereas glutamatergic effects are restricted to the subiculum and CA3. Imaging phosphoinositide turnover in brain slices, which are amenable to electrophysiologic studies, will permit a dynamic localized analysis of regulation of this second messenger in response to synaptic stimulation of specific neuronal pathways.

  7. Quantitative Interpretation of the Randomness in Single Enzyme Turnover Times

    E-print Network

    Yang, Seongeun

    Fluctuating turnover times of a single enzyme become observable with the advent of modern cutting-edge, single enzyme experimental techniques. Although the conventional chemical kinetics and its modern generalizations could ...

  8. Inhibition of phosphoinositide turnover by praziquantel in Schistosoma mansoni.

    PubMed

    Wiest, P M; Li, Y; Olds, G R; Bowen, W D

    1992-08-01

    The effect of praziquantel on phosphoinositide turnover was examined in Schistosoma mansoni to determine if this anthelminthic modulates signal transduction pathways in parasites. Adult worms were radiolabeled with [3H]myoinositol for 24 hr and total inositol phosphate levels determined in the presence of praziquantel. Praziquantel inhibited inositol phosphate turnover when activated with NaF plus AlCl3 or with the nonhydrolyzable guanine nucleotide-binding protein analogue GTP gamma S. Furthermore, praziquantel decreased basal turnover of inositol phosphates. Inhibition was seen in both male and female worms as well as in schistosomula. These data indicate that inhibition of phosphoinositide turnover may contribute to the effect of praziquantel on parasite survival within the definitive host. PMID:1321906

  9. Engineering cyanogen synthesis and turnover in cassava (Manihot esculenta)

    E-print Network

    Meier, Iris

    Engineering cyanogen synthesis and turnover in cassava (Manihot esculenta) Dimuth Siritunga: cyanogenesis, cyanogenic glycoside, cytochrome P450, hydroxynitrile lyase, linamarin Abstract Cassava ability to grow in adverse environments and the food security it provides. Cassava contains potentially

  10. The turnover of cell surface proteins of carrot protoplasts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kim Crooks; Julian Coleman; Chris Hawes

    1999-01-01

    .   The covalent modification of cell surface proteins with N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of biotin was used to develop a strategy for following the turnover of proteins on the surface\\u000a of carrot (Daucus carota L.) protoplasts. A biotinylation\\/internalisation assay was established which enabled the turnover of cell surface proteins\\u000a to be examined by biochemical and immunocytochemical techniques. The detection of biotinylated proteins

  11. Improving Nursing Assistant Turnover and Stability Rates in a Long-term Care Facility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin E. Remsburg; Karen A. Armacost; Richard G. Bennett

    1999-01-01

    Abstract: In this study, we developed formulas to calculate nursing assistant turnover and stability rates, identified reasons for termination and facility-specific strategies to reduce turnover, and evaluated the effectiveness of implemented strategies. Although turnover remained relatively unchanged (23% in year 1, 28% in year 2), the stability rate remained high (76% in year 1, 75% in year 2). Tracking turnover

  12. Internal Monitoring Mechanisms and CEO Turnover: A Long-Term Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MARK R. HUSON; ROBERT PARRINO; LAURA T. STARKS

    1979-01-01

    We report evidence on chief executive officer ~CEO! turnover during the 1971 to 1994 period. We find that the nature of CEO turnover activity has changed over time. The frequencies of forced CEO turnover and outside succession both in- creased. However, the relation between the likelihood of forced CEO turnover and firm performance did not change significantly from the beginning

  13. Beyond regulations: industry voluntary ban in arsenic use.

    PubMed

    Hsueh, Lily

    2013-12-15

    Firms play a key role in pollution abatement and control by engaging in beyond-compliance actions without the force of law in voluntary programs. This study examines the effectiveness of a bilateral voluntary agreement, one type of voluntary programs, negotiated between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the pressure-treated wood industry to phase-out the use of chromated copper arsenate (CCA), a poisonous arsenic compound. Arsenic is ranked number one on the EPA's priority list of hazardous substances. Unlike a majority of earlier studies on voluntary programs, dynamic panel estimation and structural break analysis show that while a technological innovation in semiconductors is associated with arsenic use increases, the CCA voluntary agreement is associated with a reduction in arsenic use to levels not seen since the 1920s. A voluntary ban in arsenic acid by pesticide manufacturers in the agriculture sector has also contributed to arsenic reductions. Furthermore, the results suggest that environmental activism has played a role in curbing arsenic use. Increasing stakeholder pressures, as measured by membership in the Sierra Club, improves voluntary agreement effectiveness. PMID:24239811

  14. Ecological Research of the Voluntary Disclosure about Listed Companies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Jing-Jing; Yan, Guang-Le

    In the paper, the research subject is the ecological relationship between the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises(SMEs) and the Large-scale Enterprises(Les). From the perspective of ecology, setting up the competitive model basic on the Logistic model, and carrying out further analysis about the voluntary information disclosure of listed company, then getting the strategic choice about the voluntary information disclosure and the ecological explanation of false information, and the dynamic mechanism and strategy of the voluntary information disclosure of listed company.

  15. The spinal reflex cannot be perceptually separated from voluntary movements.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Arko; Haggard, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Both voluntary and involuntary movements activate sensors in the muscles, skin, tendon and joints. As limb movement can result from a mixture of spinal reflexes and voluntary motor commands, the cortical centres underlying conscious proprioception might either aggregate or separate the sensory inputs generated by voluntary movements from those generated by involuntary movements such as spinal reflexes. We addressed whether healthy volunteers could perceive the contribution of a spinal reflex during movements that combined both reflexive and voluntary contributions. Volunteers reported the reflexive contribution in leg movements that were partly driven by the knee-jerk reflex induced by a patellar tendon tap and partly by voluntary motor control. In one condition, participants were instructed to kick back in response to a tendon tap. The results were compared to reflexes in a resting baseline condition without voluntary movement. In a further condition, participants were instructed to kick forwards after a tap. Volunteers reported the perceived reflex contribution by repositioning the leg to the perceived maximum displacement to which the reflex moved the leg after each tendon tap. In the resting baseline condition, the reflex was accurately perceived. We found a near-unity slope of linear regressions of perceived on actual reflexive displacement. Both the slope value and the quality of regression fit in individual volunteers were significantly reduced when volunteers were instructed to generate voluntary backward kicks as soon as they detected the tap. In the kick forward condition, kinematic analysis showed continuity of reflex and voluntary movements, but the reflex contribution could be estimated from electromyography (EMG) recording on each trial. Again, participants' judgements of reflexes showed a poor relation to reflex EMG, in contrast to the baseline condition. In sum, we show that reflexes can be accurately perceived from afferent information. However, the presence of voluntary movement significantly impairs reflex perception. We suggest that perceptual separation between voluntary and reflex movement is poor at best. Our results imply that the brain has no clear marker for perceptually separating voluntary and involuntary movement. Attribution of body movement to voluntary or involuntary motor commands is surprisingly poor when both are present. PMID:24060990

  16. Sildenafil stimulates aqueous humor turnover in rabbits.

    PubMed

    Alvarez, Lawrence J; Zamudio, Aldo C; Candia, Oscar A

    2013-06-01

    Sildenafil citrate increases ocular blood flow and accelerates the rate of anterior chamber refilling after paracentesis. The latter effect could have resulted from a reduction in outflow facility or from an increase in aqueous humor (AH) production. In this study, we used scanning ocular fluorophotometry to examine the effects of sildenafil on AH turnover, and thus, AH production in eyes of live normal rabbits. For this, the rate of aqueous humor flow (AHF) was quantified with a commercially available fluorophotometer that measured the rate of fluorescein clearance from the anterior segment, which predominantly occurs via the trabecular meshwork. After ?2 h of control scans to determine the baseline rate of AHF, the rabbits were fed 33 mg of sildenafil and allowed ?45 min for the drug to enter the systemic circulation. Thereafter, fluorescence scans were retaken for an additional 90-120 min. Sildenafil ingestion increased AHF by about 36%, from 2.31 ?L/min to 3.14 ?L/min (P < 0.001, as two-tailed paired data, n = 20 eyes). This observation indicates that sildenafil citrate, which is a phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor currently marketed as a vasodilator (e.g., Viagra, Revatio), stimulates AHF in rabbits. Our results seem consistent with reports indicating that the drug dilates intraocular arteries and augments intraocular vascular flow. These physiological responses to the agent apparently led to increased fluid entry into the anterior chamber. As such, the drug might have utility in patients with ocular hypotony resulting from insufficient AH formation. PMID:23562660

  17. Turnover of matrix proteins in mammalian mitochondria.

    PubMed Central

    Huth, Walter; Rolle, Stefan; Wunderlich, Ilona

    2002-01-01

    In cultured hepatocytes the turnover of several mitochondrial matrix proteins (e.g. acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase) appears to be initiated by CoA-mediated, sequential transformation into CoA-modified forms. This modification favours the notion that intramitochondrial degradation by a matrix-resident ATP-dependent protease may be preceded by a specific modification by CoA. In a mitochondrial matrix fraction the MgATP-dependent decrease in anti-CoA immunoreactivity coincided with both a decrease in the anti-protein immunoreactivity of acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase and/or of 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, and with the appearance of proteolytic fragments. A closer analysis of the degradation pattern revealed, however, a breakdown of the unmodified acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase and of its CoA-modified form, A1, whereas the form that is more highly modified by CoA, A2, proved to be inaccessible towards an ATP-dependent protease. In mammalian mitochondrial matrix, proteins can be degraded selectively by a matrix-resident ATP-dependent protease. The process of CoA modification results finally in the protection of matrix proteins from degradation. In cultured hepatocytes, leupeptin, an inhibitor of lysosomal proteases, did not affect the steady-state level of the mitochondrial matrix protein acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase. However, leupeptin mediated a specific accumulation of mitochondrial matrix proteins in the cytosolic fractions of hepatocytes cultured over a 24 h period. The levels of acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase, 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase and glutamate dehydrogenase proteins increased 1.9-, 2.0- and 2.2-fold respectively. Their status as mature, oligomeric, but enzymically inactive enzymes strongly suggests that they originate from a leakage of autophagosomes, a constituent of the non-selective autophagic/lysosomal pathway for degradation of whole mitochondria. PMID:11988101

  18. voluntary product standard ps 1-07 National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Structural Plywood voluntary product standard ps 1-07 National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce #12;Voluntary Product Standard PS 1) VOLUNTARY PRODUCT STANDARDS DOC Voluntary Product Standards are developed under procedures published

  19. The promise of spirit at work: increasing job satisfaction and organizational commitment and reducing turnover and absenteeism in long-term care.

    PubMed

    Kinjerski, Val; Skrypnek, Berna J

    2008-10-01

    The effectiveness of a spirit at work program in long-term care was evaluated using a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design. These findings, along with focus group results, provide strong support that the program increased spirit at work, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational culture (particularly teamwork and morale), leading to a reduction in turnover and absenteeism--two major concerns in the long-term care sector. This study suggests that implementation of a spirit at work program is a relatively inexpensive way to enhance the work satisfaction of employees, increase their commitment to the organization (thus reducing turnover and absenteeism), and ultimately improve the quality of resident care. PMID:18942536

  20. Employee recruitment: using behavioral assessments as an employee selection tool.

    PubMed

    Collins, Sandra K

    2007-01-01

    The labor shortage of skilled health care professionals continues to make employee recruitment and retention a challenge for health care managers. Greater accountability is being placed on health care managers to retain their employees. The urgency to retain health care professionals is largely an issue that should be considered during the initial recruitment of potential employees. Health care managers should analyze candidates rigorously to ensure that appropriate hiring decisions are made. Behavioral assessments can be used as a useful employee selection tool to assist managers in the appropriate placement and training of potential new employees. When administered appropriately, these tools can provide managers with a variety of useful information. This information can assist health care managers in demystifying the hiring process. Although there are varying organizational concerns to address when using behavioral assessments as an employee selection tool, the potential return on investment is worth the effort. PMID:17938588

  1. How to Manage Mid-Career Transitions: Voluntary and Involuntary

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Marian R. Walters (Tulane University Medical School Dept. of Physiology)

    2008-04-07

    From the EB 2008 Careers Symposium "Mid-Career Transitions: Choices and Challenges." This recorded presentation discusses the challenges of voluntary and involuntary career changes and also provides suggestions on how to make a career change.

  2. How to Manage Mid-Career Transitions: Voluntary and Involuntary

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Marian R. Walters (Tulane University Medical School Dept. of Physiology)

    2008-04-07

    From the EB 2008 Careers Symposium "Mid-Career Transitions: Choices and Challenges." This powerpoint presentation file discusses the challenges of voluntary and involuntary career changes and also provides suggestions on how to make a career change.

  3. 76 FR 61563 - Voluntary Surrender of Certificate of Registration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ...21 CFR Parts 1301 and 1309 [Docket No. DEA-304F] RIN 1117-AB27 Voluntary Surrender...AGENCY: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Department of Justice. ACTION: Final...SUMMARY: DEA is amending its regulations to clarify...

  4. 31 CFR 800.402 - Contents of voluntary notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...needed technology, equipment, and manufacturing process capabilities) for any such agencies and whether there are other...gov/offices/international-affairs/cfius/index.shtml. (m) Persons filing a voluntary...

  5. 31 CFR 800.402 - Contents of voluntary notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...needed technology, equipment, and manufacturing process capabilities) for any such agencies and whether there are other...gov/offices/international-affairs/cfius/index.shtml. (m) Persons filing a voluntary...

  6. 47 CFR 80.165 - Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Station Operator Requirements § 80.165 Operator requirements for voluntary stations. Minimum Operator License Ship Morse telegraph T. Ship direct-printing telegraph MP. Ship telephone, with or without DSC, more than 250 watts...

  7. 47 CFR 80.165 - Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Station Operator Requirements § 80.165 Operator requirements for voluntary stations. Minimum Operator License Ship Morse telegraph T2. Ship direct-printing telegraph MP. Ship telephone, with or without DSC, more than 250 watts...

  8. 47 CFR 80.165 - Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Station Operator Requirements § 80.165 Operator requirements for voluntary stations. Minimum Operator License Ship Morse telegraph T-2. Ship direct-printing telegraph MP. Ship telephone, with or without DSC, more than 250...

  9. 47 CFR 80.165 - Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Station Operator Requirements § 80.165 Operator requirements for voluntary stations. Minimum Operator License Ship Morse telegraph T. Ship direct-printing telegraph MP. Ship telephone, with or without DSC, more than 250 watts...

  10. 47 CFR 80.165 - Operator requirements for voluntary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Station Operator Requirements § 80.165 Operator requirements for voluntary stations. Minimum Operator License Ship Morse telegraph T-2. Ship direct-printing telegraph MP. Ship telephone, with or without DSC, more than 250...

  11. Improving Voluntary Environmental Management Programs: Facilitating Learning and Adaptation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Genskow, Kenneth D.; Wood, Danielle M.

    2011-05-01

    Environmental planners and managers face unique challenges understanding and documenting the effectiveness of programs that rely on voluntary actions by private landowners. Programs, such as those aimed at reducing nonpoint source pollution or improving habitat, intend to reach those goals by persuading landowners to adopt behaviors and management practices consistent with environmental restoration and protection. Our purpose with this paper is to identify barriers for improving voluntary environmental management programs and ways to overcome them. We first draw upon insights regarding data, learning, and adaptation from the adaptive management and performance management literatures, describing three key issues: overcoming information constraints, structural limitations, and organizational culture. Although these lessons are applicable to a variety of voluntary environmental management programs, we then present the issues in the context of on-going research for nonpoint source water quality pollution. We end the discussion by highlighting important elements for advancing voluntary program efforts.

  12. Economic Analysis of Voluntary Carbon Offset Market and Bioenergy Policies

    E-print Network

    Shiva, Layla

    2014-08-27

    This work studies the economic implications of some United States greenhouse gas mitigation related policies. The main items focused on in this work are: 1) possible agricultural entry into a voluntary carbon offset market, 2) use of marginal land...

  13. Diabetes, Biochemical Markers of Bone Turnover, Diabetes Control, and Bone

    PubMed Central

    Starup-Linde, Jakob

    2012-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is known to have late complications including micro vascular and macro vascular disease. This review focuses on another possible area of complication regarding diabetes; bone. Diabetes may affect bone via bone structure, bone density, and biochemical markers of bone turnover. The aim of the present review is to examine in vivo from humans on biochemical markers of bone turnover in diabetics compared to non-diabetics. Furthermore, the effect of glycemic control on bone markers and the similarities and differences of type 1- and type 2-diabetics regarding bone markers will be evaluated. A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, and SveMed+ with the search terms: “Diabetes mellitus,” “Diabetes mellitus type 1,” “Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus,” “Diabetes mellitus type 2,” “Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus,” “Bone,” “Bone and Bones,” “Bone diseases,” “Bone turnover,” “Hemoglobin A Glycosylated,” and “HbA1C.” After removing duplicates from this search 1,188 records were screened by title and abstract and 75 records were assessed by full text for inclusion in the review. In the end 43 records were chosen. Bone formation and resorption markers are investigated as well as bone regulating systems. T1D is found to have lower osteocalcin and CTX, while osteocalcin and tartrate-resistant acid are found to be lower in T2D, and sclerostin is increased and collagen turnover markers altered. Other bone turnover markers do not seem to be altered in T1D or T2D. A major problem is the lack of histomorphometric studies in humans linking changes in turnover markers to actual changes in bone turnover and further research is needed to strengthen this link. PMID:23482417

  14. Students’ Vocational Choices and Voluntary Action: A 12Nation Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Debbie Haski-Leventhal; Ram A. Cnaan; Femida Handy; Jeffrey L. Brudney; Kristen Holmes; Lesley Hustinx; Chulhee Kang; Meenaz Kassam; Lucas C. P. M. Meijs; Bhagyashree Ranade; Naoto Yamauchi; Anne Birgitta Yeung; Sinisa Zrinscak

    2008-01-01

    Previous research on student involvement suggested that business and engineering students manifest lowest rates of voluntary\\u000a action. Similarly, it was thought that social science students are the most involved in voluntary action, with students of\\u000a natural sciences and humanities in the middle. However, there were very few studies that empirically compared these assertions.\\u000a Furthermore, these assertions were not investigated from

  15. Acetylcholine turnover in an autoactive molluscan neuron.

    PubMed

    Barry, S R; Gelperin, A

    1984-03-01

    We have studied acetylcholine (ACh) turnover at the cholinergic synapse between an identified motoneuron, the salivary burster (SB), and the muscle cells of the salivary duct (SD) in the terrestrial mollusk Limax maximus. Electrophysiological recordings were made of the SB action potentials and the SB-elicited junction potentials (JPs) on the SD. The amplitude of the JP was used as a measure of ACh release by the SB. The SB is an autoactive neuron that discharges 1 to 12 bursts of action potentials per min. During sustained bursting activity, the SB is able to maintain transmitter release for 18 hr even in the absence of exogenous choline. The size of SB-elicited JPs does not vary during 18 hr of activity. If the choline uptake blocker, hemicholinium-3 (HC-3; 20 microM), is present in the saline, transmitter release and JP size are depressed by about 30% after 14 hr of activity. Thus, the SB is partially dependent upon choline reuptake for maintained ACh synthesis and release. In high (9.45 mM)-potassium (K+) saline, the SB fired tonically at twice its average spike frequency. JP amplitude initially increased, then declined to an amplitude which was 60% of the initial level. The addition of 20 microM HC-3 to the high-K+ saline caused a 75 to 100% decrease in JP size within 30 min. Thus, during high-frequency tonic firing, the SB was primarily dependent on choline reuptake for ACh synthesis and release. After JP size had been reduced in high-K+ saline containing HC-3, the SB-SD synapse was returned to normal choline-free saline. The SB resumed bursting activity. JP amplitude gradually increased over the next 30 min. Thus, high-frequency firing in HC-3 had not depleted the SB of its entire endogenous store of choline or ACh. If the synapse was fatigued in high-K+ saline containing HC-3 and then placed in saline enriched with 300 microM choline, JP size increased within minutes. Thus, uptake of choline for ACh synthesis and release may be a more rapid process than mobilization of an endogenous transmitter store. Finally, the SB-SD synapse was fatigued in high-K+ saline containing HC-3. HC-3 was then removed from the saline. The SB maintained high-frequency tonic activity. JP size did not increase unless choline was added to the saline.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:6744367

  16. Substrate Turnover during Prolonged Exercise in Man

    PubMed Central

    Ahlborg, Gunvor; Felig, Philip; Hagenfeldt, Lars; Hendler, Rosa; Wahren, John

    1974-01-01

    Arterial concentrations and substrate exchange across the leg and splanchnic vascular beds were determined for glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glycerol, individual acidic and neutral amino acids, and free fatty acids (FFA) in six subjects at rest and during 4 h of exercise at approximately 30% of maximal oxygen uptake. FFA turnover and regional exchange were evaluated using 14C-labeled oleic acid. The arterial glucose concentration was constant for the first 40 min of exercise, but fell progressively thereafter to levels 30% below basal. The arterial insulin level decreased continuously, while the arterial glucagon concentration had risen fivefold after 4 h of exercise. Uptake of glucose and FFA by the legs was markedly augmented during exercise, the increase in FFA uptake being a consequence of augmented arterial levels rather than increased fractional extraction. As exercise was continued beyond 40 min, the relative contribution of FFA to total oxygen metabolism rose progressively to 62%. In contrast, the contribution from glucose fell from 40% to 30% between 90 and 240 min. Leg output of alanine increased as exercise progressed. Splanchnic glucose production, which rose 100% above basal levels and remained so throughout exercise, exceeded glucose uptake by the legs for the first 40 min but thereafter failed to keep pace with peripheral glucose utilization. Total estimated splanchnic glucose output was 75 g in 4 h, sufficient to deplete approximately 75% of liver glycogen stores. Splanchnic uptake of gluconeogenic precursors (lactate, pyruvate, glycerol, alanine) had increased 2- to 10-fold after 4 h of exercise, and was sufficient to account for 45% of glucose release at 4 h as compared to 20-25% at rest and at 40 min of exercise. In the case of alanine and lactate, the increase in precursor uptake was a consequence of a rise in splanchnic fractional extraction. It is concluded that during prolonged exercise at a low work intensity (a) blood glucose levels fall because hepatic glucose output fails to keep up with augmented glucose utilization by the exercising legs; (b) a large portion of hepatic glycogen stores is mobilized and an increasing fraction of the splanchnic glucose output is derived from gluconeogenesis; (c) blood-borne substrates in the form of glucose and FFA account for a major part of leg muscle metabolism, the relative contribution from FFA increasing progressively; and (d) augmented secretion of glucagon may play an important role in the metabolic adaptation to prolonged exercise by its stimulatory influence on hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. PMID:4815076

  17. Climate change creates rapid species turnover in montane communities

    PubMed Central

    Gibson-Reinemer, Daniel K; Sheldon, Kimberly S; Rahel, Frank J

    2015-01-01

    Recent decades have seen substantial changes in patterns of biodiversity worldwide. Simultaneously, climate change is producing a widespread pattern of species’ range shifts to higher latitudes and higher elevations, potentially creating novel assemblages as species shift at different rates. However, the direct link between species’ turnover as a result of climate-induced range shifts has not yet been empirically evaluated. We measured rates of species turnover associated with species’ range shifts in relatively undisturbed montane areas in Asia, Europe, North America, South America, and the Indo-Pacific. We show that species turnover is rapidly creating novel assemblages, and this can be explained by variable changes in species’ range limits following warming. Across all the areas we analyzed, mean species’ turnover was 12% per decade, which was nearly balanced between the loss of existing co-occurrences and the gain of novel co-occurrences. Turnover appears to be more rapid among ectothermic assemblages, and some evidence suggests tropical assemblages may be responding at more rapid rates than temperate assemblages. PMID:26120424

  18. Dynamics of Cell Generation and Turnover in the Human Heart.

    PubMed

    Bergmann, Olaf; Zdunek, Sofia; Felker, Anastasia; Salehpour, Mehran; Alkass, Kanar; Bernard, Samuel; Sjostrom, Staffan L; Szewczykowska, Miros?awa; Jackowska, Teresa; Dos Remedios, Cris; Malm, Torsten; Andrä, Michaela; Jashari, Ramadan; Nyengaard, Jens R; Possnert, Göran; Jovinge, Stefan; Druid, Henrik; Frisén, Jonas

    2015-06-18

    The contribution of cell generation to physiological heart growth and maintenance in humans has been difficult to establish and has remained controversial. We report that the full complement of cardiomyocytes is established perinataly and remains stable over the human lifespan, whereas the numbers of both endothelial and mesenchymal cells increase substantially from birth to early adulthood. Analysis of the integration of nuclear bomb test-derived (14)C revealed a high turnover rate of endothelial cells throughout life (>15% per year) and more limited renewal of mesenchymal cells (<4% per year in adulthood). Cardiomyocyte exchange is highest in early childhood and decreases gradually throughout life to <1% per year in adulthood, with similar turnover rates in the major subdivisions of the myocardium. We provide an integrated model of cell generation and turnover in the human heart. VIDEO ABSTRACT. PMID:26073943

  19. Employee Perceived Training Effectiveness Relationship to Employee Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahinidis, Alexandros G.; Bouris, John

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between perceived employee training effectiveness and job satisfaction, motivation and commitment. Design/methodology/approach: The study examined the responses of 134 employees and lower managers, of five large Greek organizations, after they had completed a training program.…

  20. Human turnover dynamics during sleep: statistical behavior and its modeling.

    PubMed

    Yoneyama, Mitsuru; Okuma, Yasuyuki; Utsumi, Hiroya; Terashi, Hiroo; Mitoma, Hiroshi

    2014-03-01

    Turnover is a typical intermittent body movement while asleep. Exploring its behavior may provide insights into the mechanisms and management of sleep. However, little is understood about the dynamic nature of turnover in healthy humans and how it can be modified in disease. Here we present a detailed analysis of turnover signals that are collected by accelerometry from healthy elderly subjects and age-matched patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease. In healthy subjects, the time intervals between consecutive turnover events exhibit a well-separated bimodal distribution with one mode at ?10 s and the other at ?100 s, whereas such bimodality tends to disappear in neurodegenerative patients. The discovery of bimodality and fine temporal structures (?10 s) is a contribution that is not revealed by conventional sleep recordings with less time resolution (?30 s). Moreover, we estimate the scaling exponent of the interval fluctuations, which also shows a clear difference between healthy subjects and patients. We incorporate these experimental results into a computational model of human decision making. A decision is to be made at each simulation step between two choices: to keep on sleeping or to make a turnover, the selection of which is determined dynamically by comparing a pair of random numbers assigned to each choice. This decision is weighted by a single parameter that reflects the depth of sleep. The resulting simulated behavior accurately replicates many aspects of observed turnover patterns, including the appearance or disappearance of bimodality and leads to several predictions, suggesting that the depth parameter may be useful as a quantitative measure for differentiating between normal and pathological sleep. These findings have significant clinical implications and may pave the way for the development of practical sleep assessment technologies. PMID:24730888

  1. Copper-deficient mice have higher cardiac norepinephrine turnover

    SciTech Connect

    Gross, A.M.; Prohaska, J.R. (Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth (USA))

    1989-02-01

    Male Swiss albino mice were studied at 6 weeks of age. Their dams were fed a copper-deficient diet (modified AIN-76A) starting 4 days after birth and given deionized water (-Cu) or water with CuSO{sub 4} added (+Cu) (20 {mu}g Cu/ml). When 3 weeks of age mice were weaned and housed in stainless steel cages on the respective treatment of their dams. Turnover of norepinephrine (NE) was studied in 8 experiments using 2 separate techniques. The first procedure used {alpha}-methyl-p-tyrosine methyl ester (300 mg/kg i.p.) to inhibit tyrosine hydroxlase activity. The loss of residual NE was determined by HPLC with electrochemical detection. Regression lines were constructed and fractional turnover (%/h) and calculated turnover (ng/g/h) were determined for heart, cerebellum and adrenal gland. In 4 experiments loss of NE in cerebellum of -Cu ad +Cu mice was equivalent. Loss of NE from adrenal gland could not be detected in the 8 h time course. Loss of NE, both fractional turnover and calculated turnover, from heart of -Cu mice was 4-5 fold higher compared to +Cu controls. A second method using m- hydroxybenzylhydrazine (NSD-1015) (100 mg/kg i.p.), which inhibits aromatic amino acid decarboxylase, confirmed the results. For all 4 experiments the cardiac accumulation of L-DOPA (measured by HPLC) was faster in -Cu mice compared to controls. The higher turnover rate of NE in heart and perhaps other sympathetic nerves may contribute to the higher urinary NE output observed previously.

  2. Mechanosensitive Adaptation of E-Cadherin Turnover across adherens Junctions

    PubMed Central

    de Beco, Simon; Perney, Jean-Baptiste; Coscoy, Sylvie; Amblard, François

    2015-01-01

    In the natural and technological world, multi-agent systems strongly depend on how the interactions are ruled between their individual components, and the proper control of time-scales and synchronization is a key issue. This certainly applies to living tissues when multicellular assemblies such as epithelial cells achieve complex morphogenetic processes. In epithelia, because cells are known to individually generate actomyosin contractile stress, each individual intercellular adhesive junction line is subjected to the opposed stresses independently generated by its two partner cells. Contact lines should thus move unless their two partner cells mechanically match. The geometric homeostasis of mature epithelia observed at short enough time-scale thus raises the problem to understand how cells, if considered as noisy individual actuators, do adapt across individual intercellular contacts to locally balance their time-average contractile stress. Structural components of adherens junctions, cytoskeleton (F-actin) and homophilic bonds (E-cadherin) are quickly renewed at steady-state. These turnovers, if they depend on forces exerted at contacts, may play a key role in the mechanical adaptation of epithelia. Here we focus on E-cadherin as a force transducer, and we study the local regulation and the mechanosensitivity of its turnover in junctions. We show that E-cadherin turnover rates match remarkably well on either side of mature intercellular contacts, despite the fact that they exhibit large fluctuations in time and variations from one junction to another. Using local mechanical and biochemical perturbations, we find faster turnover rates with increased tension, and asymmetric rates at unbalanced junctions. Together, the observations that E-cadherin turnover, and its local symmetry or asymmetry at each side of the junction, are mechanosensitive, support the hypothesis that E-cadherin turnover could be involved in mechanical homeostasis of epithelia. PMID:26046627

  3. [Pharmaceutical logistic in turnover of pharmaceutical products of Azerbaijan].

    PubMed

    Dzhalilova, K I

    2009-11-01

    Development of pharmaceutical logistic system model promotes optimal strategy for pharmaceutical functioning. The goal of such systems is organization of pharmaceutical product's turnover in required quantity and assortment, at preset time and place, at a highest possible degree of consumption readiness with minimal expenses and qualitative service. Organization of the optimal turnover chain in the region is offered to start from approximate classification of medicaments by logistic characteristics. Supplier selection was performed by evaluation of timeliness of delivery, quality of delivered products (according to the minimum acceptable level of quality) and time-keeping of time spending for orders delivery. PMID:19996506

  4. 5 CFR 9701.507 - Employee rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Employee rights. 9701.507 Section 9701.507... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...Relations § 9701.507 Employee rights. Each employee has the...

  5. 40 CFR 273.16 - Employee training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employee training. 273.16 Section 273...Universal Waste § 273.16 Employee training. A small quantity handler of universal waste must inform all employees who handle or have...

  6. 28 CFR 105.24 - Employee's rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Employee's rights. 105.24 Section 105.24 Judicial... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security...Employment § 105.24 Employee's rights. An employee is entitled...

  7. Supervisor Toolkit Employee Coaching and Feedback

    E-print Network

    Marsh, David

    Supervisor Toolkit Employee Coaching and Feedback Performance Development #12;Objectives for Today Understand how coaching and feedback support employee performance and development Identify and utilize coaching and feedback models for employee communication Enhance supervisor communication competencies

  8. 10 CFR 72.10 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  9. 10 CFR 71.9 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  10. 10 CFR 71.9 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  11. 10 CFR 40.7 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  12. 10 CFR 70.7 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  13. 10 CFR 71.9 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  14. 10 CFR 72.10 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  15. 10 CFR 50.7 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  16. 10 CFR 30.7 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  17. 10 CFR 61.9 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  18. 10 CFR 40.7 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  19. 10 CFR 71.9 - Employee protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...or others, which adversely affect an employee may be predicated upon nondiscriminatory...the adverse action occurs because the employee has engaged in protected activities. An employee's engagement in protected activities does not...

  20. 5 CFR 9701.507 - Employee rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Employee rights. 9701.507 Section 9701.507... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...Relations § 9701.507 Employee rights. Each employee has the...

  1. Substance Abuse-Specific Knowledge Transfer or Loss? Treatment Program Turnover versus Professional Turnover among Substance Abuse Clinicians

    PubMed Central

    Eby, Lillian T.; Curtis, Sara L.

    2014-01-01

    This longitudinal study investigated the extent to which substance abuse (SA) clinician turnover is associated with SA-specific knowledge loss due to change in professions (professional turnover) versus SA-specific knowledge transfer due to movement from one SA clinical setting to another (treatment program turnover). For this study, clinicians had to voluntarily leave their current treatment program. Eligible clinicians completed a quantitative survey while employed and a qualitative post-employment exit interview 1 year later. Compared to those that exited the SA profession (N = 99), clinicians who changed treatment programs (N = 120) had greater SA-specific formal knowledge and were more likely to be personally in recovery. No differences were found between the two groups in terms of SA-specific practical knowledge. PMID:25115318

  2. Substance abuse-specific knowledge transfer or loss? Treatment program turnover versus professional turnover among substance abuse clinicians.

    PubMed

    Eby, Lillian T; Laschober, Tanja C; Curtis, Sara L

    2014-01-01

    This longitudinal study investigated the extent to which substance abuse (SA) clinician turnover is associated with SA-specific knowledge loss due to change in professions (professional turnover) versus SA-specific knowledge transfer due to movement from one SA clinical setting to another (treatment program turnover). For this study, clinicians had to have voluntarily left their current treatment program. Eligible clinicians completed a quantitative survey while employed and a qualitative post-employment exit interview 1 year later. Compared to those that exited the SA profession (n = 99), clinicians who changed treatment programs (n = 120) had greater SA-specific formal knowledge and were more likely to be personally in recovery. No differences were found between the two groups in terms of SA-specific practical knowledge. PMID:25115318

  3. Assessing New Employee Orientation Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acevedo, Jose M.; Yancey, George B.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine the importance of new employee orientation (NEO) programs, the quality of typical NEOs, and how to improve NEOs. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides a viewpoint of the importance of new employee orientation programs, the quality of typical NEOs, and how to improve NEOs. Findings: Although western…

  4. Training Guidelines for Employee Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hotel and Catering Training Board, Wembley (England).

    This set of guidelines is intended for use by employers desiring to establish the training needs of those involved in employee relations. The 16 guidelines cover the following principal activities normally associated with employee relations: staff management policy and aims, staff recruitment and selection, terms and conditions of employment,…

  5. Sexual Misconduct by School Employees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mawdsley, Ralph D.

    1992-01-01

    The recent United States Supreme Court decision in "Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools" highlights the additional risks facing school districts and employees under federal statutes and the common law as a result of sexual misconduct by school employees. The "Franklin" case illustrates that damages could be available to the student and that…

  6. Public Sector Employee Assistance Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemp, Donna R.; Verlinde, Beverly

    This document discusses employee assistance programs (EAPs), programs which have been developed to help employees deal with personal problems that seriously affect job performance. It reviews literature which specifically addresses EAPs in the public sector, noting that there are no exact figures on how many public entities have EAPs. Previous…

  7. Employee Handbook Revised January, 2010

    E-print Network

    Marsh, David

    Employee Handbook Revised January, 2010 #12;About this edition · The Handbook has been reorganized on the resources and benefits available to University employees. · The Faculty Handbook is also undergoing a major revision and some of the sections (such as Benefits and University Policies) will appear in both handbooks

  8. Results Report Employee Engagement Survey

    E-print Network

    Results Report Employee Engagement Survey October 2011 Report for: Colorado School of Mines (033 or strongly agreed to an item) - the percent of employees who feel good about a topic. Internal Best: Average Percent Favorable across the most engaged groups across the organization (i.e., top 20% on Engagement

  9. Employee Ownership, Motivation and Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michie, Jonathan; Oughton, Christine; Bennion, Yvonne

    The relationship between employee ownership, motivation, and productivity was explored. The main data collection activities were as follows: (1) a literature review; (2) interviews with management and employees from 10 selected companies across the United Kingdom; (3) surveys of ICOM (the federation of worker cooperatives) member companies and…

  10. Market Brief: Status of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Market (2011 Data)

    SciTech Connect

    Heeter, J.; Armstrong, P.; Bird, L.

    2012-09-01

    This report documents the status and trends of U.S. 'voluntary' markets -- those in which consumers and institutions purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs on a voluntary basis. Voluntary REC markets continue to exhibit growth and spur renewable energy development. Voluntary green power markets provide an additional revenue stream for renewable energy projects and raise consumer awareness of the benefits of renewable energy. Although a full estimate of the size of the voluntary market is not available for 2011, this review uses indicative metrics to capture 2011 voluntary market trends.

  11. Deterring and remedying employee theft.

    PubMed

    Buzogany, Bill; Mueller, Michael J

    2010-01-01

    Employee theft of patient-related information for personal financial gain is a serious threat to the success and financial viability of many healthcare providers. You can safeguard your financial interest in your patient base by taking three preventative measures designed to dissuade your employees from stealing from you. The first step is the implementation of policies and procedures that inform your employees that patient-related information is a valuable business asset that you vigorously protect from misappropriation. The second step is strictly limiting and monitoring employee access to patient-related information. The third step is educating your employees of the potential legal consequences to them in the event they steal from you and, in the event of theft, pursuing all legal remedies available to you. PMID:20480784

  12. Stress, health and well-being: the mediating role of employee and organizational commitment.

    PubMed

    Jain, Ajay K; Giga, Sabir I; Cooper, Cary L

    2013-10-01

    This study investigates the mediating impact of organizational commitment on the relationship between organizational stressors and employee health and well-being. Data were collected from 401 operator level employees working in business process outsourcing organizations (BPOs) based in New Delhi, India. In this research several dimensions from ASSET, which is an organizational stress screening tool, were used to measure employee perceptions of stressors, their commitment to the organization, their perception of the organization's commitment to them, and their health and well-being. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling on AMOS software. Results of the mediation analysis highlight both employee commitment to their organization and their perceptions of the organization's commitment to them mediate the impact of stressors on physical health and psychological well-being. All indices of the model fit were found to be above standard norms. Implications are discussed with the view to improving standards of health and well-being within the call center industry, which is a sector that has reported higher turnover rates and poor working conditions among its employees internationally. PMID:24157512

  13. The effects of midwives’ job satisfaction on burnout, intention to quit and turnover: a longitudinal study in Senegal

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Despite working in a challenging environment plagued by persistent personnel shortages, public sector midwives in Senegal play a key role in tackling maternal mortality. A better understanding of how they are experiencing their work and how it is affecting them is needed in order to better address their needs and incite them to remain in their posts. This study aims to explore their job satisfaction and its effects on their burnout, intention to quit and professional mobility. Methods A cohort of 226 midwives from 22 hospitals across Senegal participated in this longitudinal study. Their job satisfaction was measured from December 2007 to February 2008 using a multifaceted instrument developed in West Africa. Three expected effects were measured two years later: burnout, intention to quit and turnover. Descriptive statistics were reported for the midwives who stayed and left their posts during the study period. A series of multiple regressions investigated the correlations between the nine facets of job satisfaction and each effect variable, while controlling for individual and institutional characteristics. Results Despite nearly two thirds (58.9%) of midwives reporting the intention to quit within a year (mainly to pursue new professional training), only 9% annual turnover was found in the study (41/226 over 2?years). Departures were largely voluntary (92%) and entirely domestic. Overall the midwives reported themselves moderately satisfied; least contented with their “remuneration” and “work environment” and most satisfied with the “morale” and “job security” facets of their work. On the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, very high levels of emotional exhaustion (80.0%) and depersonalization (57.8%) were reported, while levels of diminished personal accomplishment were low (12.4%). Burnout was identified in more than half of the sample (55%). Experiencing emotional exhaustion was inversely associated with “remuneration” and “task” satisfaction, actively job searching was associated with being dissatisfied with job “security” and voluntary quitting was associated with dissatisfaction with “continuing education”. Conclusions This study found that although midwives seem to be experiencing burnout and unhappiness with their working conditions, they retain a strong sense of confidence and accomplishment in their work. It also suggests that strategies to retain them in their positions and in the profession should emphasize continuing education. PMID:22546053

  14. Modelling nitrate transport and turnover in a lowland catchment system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunter Wriedt; Michael Rode

    2006-01-01

    Nitrate transport in groundwater dominated lowland catchment systems is influenced by complex and spatially distributed physical and chemical interactions. A modelling approach was developed combining a distributed soil nitrogen model with a three-dimensional groundwater model and a reactive transport model linking nitrate turnover and availability of reaction partners such as pyrite and organic matter. The modelling approach was applied to

  15. The Effects of Top Management Professional Development on Administrator Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas G. Castle; Lisa R. Shugarman

    2005-01-01

    This study examines how characteristics associated with professional development of the top management team in 406 nursing homes can affect administrator turnover. Tenure, education, and membership in a professional association are the characteristics investigated. Data used in this investigation came from a survey of nursing facilities and the 1999 On-line Survey, Certification, and Reporting system. Using logistic regression analyses, the

  16. Administrator Turnover and Quality of Care in Nursing Homes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas G. Castle

    2001-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: In this article, I examine the asso- ciation between turnover of nursing home administrators and five important quality of care outcomes. Design and Methods: The data came from a survey of 420 nurs- ing facilities and the 1999 On-line Survey, Certification, and Reporting System. Using multivariate logistic regres- sion analyses, I looked at the effects of

  17. Labor Turnover in Manufacturing: The Survey in Retrospect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utter, Carol M.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the now defunct monthly survey of labor turnover, predominantly in manufacturing. The statistics were used primarily for economic and labor market analysis and for research. The program's major shortcoming was its limited scope--its coverage was not representative of overall economic behavior. (JOW)

  18. Bioturbation of Burrowing Crabs Promotes Sediment Turnover and

    E-print Network

    Bertness, Mark D.

    Bioturbation of Burrowing Crabs Promotes Sediment Turnover and Carbon and Nitrogen Movements the recent decades, and crab burrowing has been considered as one of the major bioturbations affecting the physical and chemical processes in salt marshes. This study assessed the integrated effects of crab

  19. Nitrogen turnover on organic and conventional mixed farms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Halberg; E. Steen Kristensen; I. Sillebak Kristensen

    1995-01-01

    Separate focus on crop fertilization or feeding practices inadequately describes nitrogen (N) loss from mixed dairy farms because of (1) interaction between animal and crop production and between the production system and the manager, and (2) uncertainties of herd N production and crop N utilization. Therefore a systems approach was used to study N turnover and N efficiency on 16

  20. Faculty Turnover: Discipline-Specific Attention Is Warranted

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Yonghong Jade

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the importance of discipline variations in understanding faculty turnover behaviors. A representative sample of university faculty in Research and Doctoral universities was obtained from a national database. Faculty members, self-identified into a primary academic area, were grouped into eight discipline clusters according…

  1. Serum concentration of biochemical bone turnover markers in vegetarian children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ambroszkiewicz J; Klemarczyk W; Gajewska J

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: In general, most children on well-planed vege- tarian diets can achieve normal growth and development. How- ever, elimination of animal products from the diet decreases the intake of some essential nutrients, such as calcium and vita- min D, and may influence bone metabolism. This is especially important in childhood and adolescence, when growth and bone turnover are most intensive.

  2. Interlaboratory Variation of Biochemical Markers of Bone Turnover

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Markus J. Seibel; Matthias Lang; Wolf-Jochen Geilenkeuser

    Background: Biochemical markers of bone metabolism are used to assess skeletal turnover, but the variability of marker assays is still an issue of practical concern. We describe the results of an international proficiency test- ing program for biochemical bone markers among clin- ical laboratories. Methods: Two serum and two urine pools (normal and increased marker concentrations) were sent on dry

  3. Climate change hastens the turnover of stream fish assemblages

    E-print Network

    Grenouillet, Gael

    Climate change hastens the turnover of stream fish assemblages L A E¨ T I T I A B U I S S O N *w Grenoble Cedex 9, France Abstract Stream fish are expected to be significantly influenced by climate change a deleter- ious effect of climate change, whereas downstream species would expand their range by migrating

  4. Aldosterone increases the maximal turnover rate of the sodium pump

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Halevy; E. L. Boulpaep; H. J. Binder; J. P. Hayslett

    1987-01-01

    These experiments were performed to determine whether aldosterone-dependent effects in apical and basolateral membranes could be temporarily dissociated and whether aldosterone increases the maximal capacity, or maximum turnover rate of the sodium pump. Tissue from rat distal colon exposed to the action of high plasma levels of aldosterone for 4 h, 24 h and 7–10 days was compared to control

  5. Teacher Turnover in Eight Cognate Areas: National Trends and Predictors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boe, Erling E.; Bobbitt, Sharon A.; Cook, Lynne H.; Barkanic, Gema; Maislin, Greg

    This report contains national trend and predictor data for the turnover of K-12 public school teachers in eight cognate areas: general elementary education; mathematics and science education; language education; social studies education; arts, physical, and health education; business and vocational education; other general education; and special…

  6. Longitudinal Study of Bone Turnover after Acute Spinal Cord Injury

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DAVID ROBERTS; WINNIFRED LEE; ROSS C. CUNEO; JOHANNES WITTMANN; GREG WARD; ROBERT FLATMAN; BRETT MCWHINNEY; PETER E. HICKMAN

    Increased bone turnover is a sequel of spinal cord injury (SCI) and predisposes to a number of clinically relevant complications, includ- ing osteoporosis and fractures. There are limited data available re- garding the changes in modern markers of bone metabolism after SCI. We report a 6-month longitudinal follow-up of biochemical markers of bone metabolism (free and total deoxypyridinoline, total pyridino-

  7. Teachers' Perceptions of Administrative Support and Antecedents of Turnover

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Elizabeth Morgan; Williams, Sue W.; Gleason-Gomez, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the degree to which teachers' age, perceptions of fair pay, receipt of employer-sponsored health insurance, and administrative support, as operationalized by the Competing Values Framework, predicted antecedents of turnover. Teachers' thoughts of leaving their current job and commitment to a center…

  8. Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lyman W. Porter; Richard M. Steers; Richard T. Mowday; Paul V. Boulian

    1974-01-01

    Studied changes across time in measures of organizational commitment and job satisfaction as each related to subsequent turnover among 60 recently employed psychiatric technician trainees. A longitudinal study across a 101\\/2-mo period was conducted, with attitude measures (Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Job Descriptive Index) collected at 4 points in time. Results of a discriminant analysis indicate that significant relationships existed

  9. Turnover and metabolism of phosphatidylglycerol acyl moieties in E. coli

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, C.L.; Rock, C.O. (St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (USA))

    1987-05-01

    Fatty acids synthesized in mutants (plsB) blocked in de novo phospholipid biosynthesis were preferentially transferred to phosphatidylglycerol (PtdGro). The ratio of phospholipid species labeled with {sup 32}P and ({sup 3}H)acetate in the absence of glycerol-3-P acyltransferase activity indicated that ({sup 3}H)acetate incorporation into PtdGro was due to fatty acid turnover. The magnitude of the turnover process was difficult to estimate due to a significant contraction of the acetyl-CoA pool following the inhibition of phospholipid synthesis. A possible connection between PtdGro turnover and protein acylation was investigated in an E. coli strain containing a lipoprotein expression vector. Cells were prelabeled with ({sup 3}H)acetate and lipoprotein expression was induced concomitant with the addition of exogenous ({sup 14}C)-palmitate. ({sup 14}C) Palmitate was assimilated into the l-position of phosphatidylethanolamine and transferred to the amino terminus of the lipoprotein. In contrast, the ester-linked lipoprotein fatty acids and PtdGro were not enriched in carbon-14 implying a metabolic relationship between these two pools. The data suggest that turnover of PtdGro acyl moieties is related to protein acylation, but a direct link between the two processes remains to be established.

  10. Allelopathic Effects of Goldenrod Species on Turnover in Successional Communities

    E-print Network

    of each goldenrod species on community turnover. Germination percentages in the lab were reduced by leaf, 1960; Muller, 1965; Jackson and Willemsen, 1976). However, this process is more complex because allelopathic plants are also capable of stimulatory effects (Jackson and Willemsen, 1976). The chemical

  11. Teacher Turnover in Malawi's Ministry of Education: Realities and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayuni, Happy; Tambulasi, Richard

    2007-01-01

    The teaching profession is no longer a concern of academicians but the public in general who yearn for positive results. Internationally, the profession is continuously beset by several serious problems. One of the most serious problems in the teaching profession is teacher turnover. Governments are finding it difficult to retain teachers in…

  12. Impairment of bone turnover in elderly women with hip fracture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristina Åkesson; Philippe Vergnaud; Evelyne Gineyts; Pierre D. Delmas; Karl J. Obrant

    1993-01-01

    Summary Hip fracture is one of the most severe consequences of osteoporosis affecting aged women. However, abnormalities of bone turnover responsible for bone loss in this condition have not been clearly defined. To further evaluate the bone metabolic status of women sustaining hip fracture, we have prospectively measured serum osteocalcin as a marker of bone formation and urinary excretion of

  13. TURNOVER AND DISPERSAL OF PRAIRIE FALCONS IN SOUTHWESTERN IDAHO

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ROBERT N. LEHMAN; KAREN STEENHOF; LESLIE B. CARPENTER; MICHAEL N. KOCHERT

    We studied Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) breeding dispersal, natal dispersal, and turn- over at nesting areas in the Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area (NCA) froin 1971- 95. Of 61 nesting areas where falcons identified one year were known to be present or absent the following year, 57% had a different falcon. This turnover rate was 2-3 tiines

  14. How Teaching Conditions Predict Teacher Turnover in California Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loeb, Susanna; Darling-Hammond, Linda; Luczak, John

    2005-01-01

    A number of studies have found that teachers are prone to leave schools serving high proportions of low-achieving, low-income, and minority students for more economically and educationally advantaged schools. In schools with very high turnover rates, this can pose a number of challenges, including lack of continuity in instruction, lack of…

  15. Original article Effect of dietary lysine on muscle protein turnover

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Effect of dietary lysine on muscle protein turnover in growing chickens/kg). At 3 weeks of age, protein frac- tional synthesis rates in the pectoralis major muscle were determined using a large dose injection of 120 umol per kg body weight of L-[4-3H] phenylalanine. Protein gain

  16. CEO Turnover after Acquisitions: Are Bad Bidders Fired?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KENNETH M. LEHN; MENGXIN ZHAO

    2006-01-01

    We examine the relation between bidder returns and the probability of chief executive officer (CEO) turnover in acquiring firms. Using a sample of 714 acquisitions during 1990 to 1998, we find that 47% of CEOs of acquiring firms are replaced within 5 years, including 27% by internal governance, 16% by takeovers, and 4% by bankruptcy. A significant inverse relation exists

  17. Motivating pharmacy employees.

    PubMed

    White, S J; Generali, J A

    1984-07-01

    Concepts from theories of motivation are used to suggest methods for improving the motivational environment of hospital pharmacy departments. Motivation--the state of being stimulated to take action to achieve a goal or to satisfy a need--comes from within individuals, but hospital pharmacy managers can facilitate motivation by structuring the work environment so that it satisfies employees' needs. Concepts from several theories of motivation are discussed, including McGregor's theory X and theory Y assumptions, Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, Herzberg's motivation hygiene theory, and Massey's value system theory. Concepts from the Japanese style of management that can be used to facilitate motivation, such as quality circles, also are described. The autocratic, participative, and laissez faire styles of leadership are discussed in the context of the motivation theories, and suggested applications of theoretical concepts to practice are presented. PMID:6465152

  18. Bone turnover in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Effect of calcitonin treatment.

    PubMed Central

    Civitelli, R; Gonnelli, S; Zacchei, F; Bigazzi, S; Vattimo, A; Avioli, L V; Gennari, C

    1988-01-01

    To investigate the effectiveness of calcitonin treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in relation to bone turnover, we examined 53 postmenopausal osteoporotic women before and after one year of therapy with salmon calcitonin (sCT), at the dose of 50 IU every other day. Baseline evaluation revealed that 17 (32%) patients had high turnover (HTOP), and 36 (68%) normal turnover osteoporosis (NTOP) as assessed by measurement of whole body retention (WBR) of 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate. The two groups did not differ in terms of bone mineral content (BMC) measured by dual photon absorptiometry at both lumbar spine and femoral diaphysis. However, HTOP patients had higher levels of serum osteocalcin (OC) and urinary hydroxyproline excretion (HOP/Cr). Multivariate regression analysis showed no correlation between parameters of bone turnover (WBR, OC, HOP/Cr) and both femoral and vertebral bone density; the latter being negatively correlated only with the years elapsed since menopause (R2 = 0.406). Treatment with sCT resulted in a significant increase of vertebral BMC in the 53 patients taken as a whole group (+/- 7%, P less than 0.001). When the results obtained in HTOP and NTOP were analyzed separately, only those with HTOP showed a marked increment of spinal BMC (+22%, P less than 0.001), NTOP subjects neither gained nor lost bone mineral during the study. Femoral BMC decreased in the whole group after sCT therapy (-3%, P less than 0.003). However, HTOP patients maintained initial BMC values, whereas those with NTOP lost a significant amount of bone during the study period (-5%, P less than 0.001). The increase of vertebral bone mass was associated with a marked depression of bone turnover detectable in both subsets of patients and in the whole group. In conclusion: (a) assessment of bone turnover cannot help predict the severity of bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis; (b) calcitonin therapy appears to be particularly indicated for patients with high-turnover osteoporosis, resulting in a net gain of bone mineral in the axial skeleton and a slowing of bone loss in the appendicular bones. PMID:3262626

  19. Turnover's relationships with sales, tips and service across restaurants in a chain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Lynn

    2002-01-01

    This study used restaurant level data from a casual-dining restaurant chain in the Midwestern United States to examine turnover's relationships with sales, tips and service. Turnover was negatively correlated with sales and service among high-volume restaurants but not among low-volume restaurants. Interestingly, the opposite pattern was observed for turnovers’ relationship with tip percentages—turnover was negatively correlated with tip percentages among

  20. Hypoxic cell turnover in different solid tumor lines

    SciTech Connect

    Ljungkvist, Anna S.E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands) and Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeaa University, Umeaa (Sweden)]. E-mail: a.ljungkvist@rther.umcn.nl; Bussink, Johan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Kaanders, Johannes H.A.M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Rijken, Paulus F.J.W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Begg, Adrian C. [Division of Experimental Therapy, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Raleigh, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Kogel, Albert J. van der [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2005-07-15

    Purpose: Most solid tumors contain hypoxic cells, and the amount of tumor hypoxia has been shown to have a negative impact on the outcome of radiotherapy. The efficacy of combined modality treatments depends both on the sequence and timing of the treatments. Hypoxic cell turnover in tumors may be important for optimal scheduling of combined modality treatments, especially when hypoxic cell targeting is involved. Methods and Materials: Previously we have shown that a double bioreductive hypoxic marker assay could be used to detect changes of tumor hypoxia in relation to the tumor vasculature after carbogen and hydralazine treatments. This assay was used in the current study to establish the turnover rate of hypoxic cells in three different tumor models. The first hypoxic marker, pimonidazole, was administered at variable times before tumor harvest, and the second hypoxic marker, CCI-103F, was injected at a fixed time before harvest. Hypoxic cell turnover was defined as loss of pimonidazole (first marker) relative to CCI-103F (second marker). Results: The half-life of hypoxic cell turnover was 17 h in the murine C38 colon carcinoma line, 23 h and 49 h in the human xenograft lines MEC82 and SCCNij3, respectively. Within 24 h, loss of pimonidazole-stained areas in C38 and MEC82 occurred concurrent with the appearance of pimonidazole positive cell debris in necrotic regions. In C38 and MEC82, most of the hypoxic cells had disappeared after 48 h, whereas in SCCNij3, viable cells that had been labeled with pimonidazole were still observed after 5 days. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that the double hypoxia marker assay can be used to study changes in both the proportion of hypoxic tumor cells and their lifespan at the same time. The present study shows that large differences in hypoxic cell turnover rates may exist among tumor lines, with half-lives ranging from 17-49 h.

  1. Final voluntary release assessment/corrective action report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-11-12

    The US Department of Energy, Carlsbad Area Office (DOE-CAO) has completed a voluntary release assessment sampling program at selected Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This Voluntary Release Assessment/Corrective Action (RA/CA) report has been prepared for final submittal to the Environmental protection Agency (EPA) Region 6, Hazardous Waste Management Division and the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) Hazardous and Radioactive Materials Bureau to describe the results of voluntary release assessment sampling and proposed corrective actions at the SWMU sites. The Voluntary RA/CA Program is intended to be the first phase in implementing the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation (RFI) and corrective action process at the WIPP. Data generated as part of this sampling program are intended to update the RCRA Facility Assessment (RFA) for the WIPP (Assessment of Solid Waste Management Units at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant), NMED/DOE/AIP 94/1. This Final Voluntary RA/CA Report documents the results of release assessment sampling at 11 SWMUs identified in the RFA. With this submittal, DOE formally requests a No Further Action determination for these SWMUs. Additionally, this report provides information to support DOE`s request for No Further Action at the Brinderson and Construction landfill SWMUs, and to support DOE`s request for approval of proposed corrective actions at three other SWMUs (the Badger Unit Drill Pad, the Cotton Baby Drill Pad, and the DOE-1 Drill Pad). This information is provided to document the results of the Voluntary RA/CA activities submitted to the EPA and NMED in August 1995.

  2. Investigation of factors affecting voluntary and involuntary culling in expanding dairy herds in Wisconsin using survival analysis.

    PubMed

    Weigel, K A; Palmer, R W; Caraviello, D Z

    2003-04-01

    Trends in the relative risk of voluntary culling of low-producing cows and involuntary culling of high-producing cows were examined in 186 Wisconsin dairy herds that expanded significantly between 1994 and 1998. A Weibull model for survival analysis was applied to data of 72,456 Holstein cows with first calving from 1981 to 2000; this model included a time-independent effect of age at first calving and time-dependent effects of year-season, age-parity, and within herd-year quintile for combined fat + protein yield (by time period). The relative risk of (involuntary) culling of high-producing cows (versus average cows) increased from 0.5 in 1981 to 1989 to 0.68 in 1996 to 2000. Meanwhile, the relative risk of (voluntary) culling of low-producing cows decreased from 4.20 to 2.55 over the same time period. Variables related to facilities, labor, and management were obtained via survey, and the relative risk of culling for high-and low-producing cows after expansion (1996 to 2000) was calculated for different levels of each variable. Herds with fewer cows per employee and a greater percentage of labor supplied by family members tended to have lower risk of involuntary culling of profitable cows. Likewise, high-producing cows in herds with fans, sprinklers, self-locking manger stalls, palpation rails, and maternity pens had a significantly lower risk of culling than cows in herds without such facilities. Herds that used 100% artificial insemination (AI) had lower risk of involuntary culling than non-AI herds or herds with a cleanup bull, but 3x milking and use of a custom heifer grower led to unfavorable trends in involuntary culling. In summary, this study documented the unfavorable trends in voluntary and involuntary culling in expanding herds and quantified the gains producers can expect in cow survival by investing in improvements in facilities, labor, and management. PMID:12741574

  3. Turnover in an amphibian metacommunity: the role of local and regional factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Earl E. Werner; Kerry L. Yurewicz; David K. Skelly; Rick A. Relyea

    2007-01-01

    Ecologists have long realized that stable species richness values can mask rapid turnover in species composition. Because turnover occurs as a consequence of both local and regional processes, understanding the responsible factors provides insight on processes influencing community structure at different scales. Despite the insights to be gained from data on species turnover, they remain relatively uncommon. We present data

  4. Nursing Home Staff Turnover and RetentionAn Analysis of National Level Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Donoghue

    2010-01-01

    The goals of this study are to provide national estimates of turnover and retention for registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and certified nursing assistants in nursing homes, and to examine the associations between management tenure, organizational characteristics, local economic conditions, turnover, and retention. The 2004 National Nursing Home Survey is used as the primary source of data. The annualized turnover

  5. Exploring Factors Associated With Turnover Among Registered Nurse (RN) Supervisors in Nursing Homes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bita A. Kash; George S. Naufal; Leslie Cortés; Christopher E. Johnson

    2010-01-01

    Because most turnover studies focus on certified nursing assistants (CNAs), licensed vocational nurses (LVNs), and administrators, little is known about registered nurses’ (RNs) higher turnover. This study builds on the current body of knowledge about turnover among RN supervisors in nursing homes. The article discusses a survey of RN nurse supervisors administered in more than 1,000 nursing homes that was

  6. Nursing Personnel Turnover Rates Turned Over: Potential Positive Effects on Resident Outcomes in Nursing Homes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halbur, Bernice T.; Fears, Neil

    1986-01-01

    Examines the assumed negative effects of nursing personnel turnover rates and nursing home and aggregate resident characteristics on resident discharge and death rates. Although the effects of nursing home and aggregate resident characteristics were expected, the unanticipated influence of nursing personnel turnover rates suggest that turnover

  7. Personal Care Aide Turnover in Residential Care Settings: An Assessment of Ownership, Economic, and Environmental Factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Tamara Konetzka; Sally C. Stearns; T. Robert Konrad; Jay Magaziner; Sheryl Zimmerman

    2005-01-01

    Turnover among personal care aides is a chronic problem facing long-term-care industries. High turnover leads to high recruitment and training costs and to the potential for substandard care. Studies in nursing homes have found environmental factors to be more important than economic factors in predicting turnover rates, but no studies have been done in an assisted living setting or have

  8. The Role of Temporal Shifts in Turnover Processes: It's About Time

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John D. Kammeyer-Mueller; Connie R. Wanberg; Theresa M. Glomb; Dennis Ahlburg

    2005-01-01

    To better understand the process of organizational withdrawal, a turnover model incorporating dynamic predictors measured at 5 distinct points in time was examined by following a large occupationally and organizationally diverse sample over a 2-year period. Results demonstrated that turnover can be predicted by perceived costs of turnover, organizational commitment, and critical events measured soon after entry into the organization.

  9. Numbers of Simultaneous Turnovers Calculated from Anesthesia or Operating Room Information Management System Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franklin Dexter; Eric Marcon; John Aker; Richard H. Epstein

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: More personnel are needed to turn over operating rooms (ORs) promptly when there are more simultaneous turnovers. Anesthesia and\\/or OR information management system data can be analyzed statistically to quantify simultaneous turnovers to evaluate whether to add an additional turnover team. METHODS: Data collected for each case at a six OR facility were room, date of surgery, time of

  10. Comparison of turnover in the olfactory organ of early juvenile stage and adult Caribbean spiny lobsters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles D. Derby; Holly S. Cate; Pascal Steullet; Paul J. H. Harrison

    2003-01-01

    Proliferation and turnover of neurons occurs in the olfactory systems of many animals. In this study, we examined developmental changes in turnover in the olfactory organ of the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus by examining two life-history stages—early juveniles and young adults. Turnover was compared using external morphology of the olfactory organ before and after molting to determine addition and

  11. Blind Spots: Small Rural Communities and High Turnover in the Superintendency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamrath, Barry; Brunner, C. Cryss

    2014-01-01

    This article examines high superintendency turnover through rural community members' perceptions of such attrition in their districts. Findings indicate that community members perceived high turnover as negative and believed that turnover was created by financial pressures, rural community resistance to educational trends, and bias against…

  12. How has CEO Turnover Changed? Increasingly Performance Sensitive Boards and Increasingly Uneasy CEOs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven N. Kaplan; Bernadette A. Minton

    2006-01-01

    We study CEO turnover – both internal (board driven) and external (through takeover and bankruptcy) – from 1992 to 2005 for a sample of large U.S. companies. Annual CEO turnover is higher than that estimated in previous studies over earlier periods. Turnover is 14.9% from 1992 to 2005, implying an average tenure as CEO of less than seven years. In

  13. Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project: Report from the DOE voluntary protection program onsite review, November 17--21, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-01-28

    This report summarizes the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) Review Team`s findings from the five-day onsite evaluation of the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP), conducted November 17--21, 1997. The site was evaluated against the program requirements contained in ``US Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program, Part 1: Program Elements`` to determine its success in implementing the five tenets of DOE-VPP. DOE-VPP consists of three programs, with names and functions similar to those in OSHA`s VPP. These programs are STAR, MERIT, and DEMONSTRATION. The STAR program is the core of DOE-VPP. The program is aimed at truly outstanding protectors of employee safety and health. The MERIT program is a steppingstone for contractors and subcontractors that have good safety and health programs but need time and DOE guidance to achieve STAR status. The DEMONSTRATION program is rarely used; it allows DOE to recognize achievements in unusual situations about which DOE needs to learn more before determining approval requirements for the STAR status.

  14. Examining Job Embeddedness Survey Items for an Adventure Education Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Jackson

    2010-01-01

    Dysfunctional voluntary employee turnover is an issue that leads to major direct and indirect costs (e.g., Sagie, Birati, & Tziner, 2002). Although job satisfaction has classically been the predominant construct used to explain turnover, recently a new construct, job embeddedness, has been relatively successful at helping explain additional…

  15. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Fatigue in high-versus low-force voluntary and evoked

    E-print Network

    Griffin, Lisa

    contraction (MVC), and (4) low-force voluntary contrac- tions (20% MVC). Short (5s) trains of 10, 20, 30, 40 voluntary contractions of 35% MVC versus contractions of 65% MVC that induced the same reductions in maximal

  17. 45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

  18. 45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

  19. 45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

  20. 45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

  1. 45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

  2. 77 FR 43366 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Voluntary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ...Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Voluntary Magazine Questionnaire for Agencies/ Entities Who Store Explosives...collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Voluntary Magazine Questionnaire for Agencies/Entities Who Store...

  3. 77 FR 59665 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Voluntary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-28

    ...Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Voluntary Magazine Questionnaire for Agencies/ Entities Who Store Explosives...collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Voluntary Magazine Questionnaire for Agencies/Entities Who Store Explosive...

  4. 76 FR 7853 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Apollo Publishing, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ...Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Apollo Publishing, Inc. AGENCY...SUMMARY: Apollo Publishing, Inc...voluntary relinquishment from Apollo Publishing, Inc., of its status as a Patient Safety Organization...

  5. 76 FR 60495 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Illinois PSO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...Voluntary Relinquishment From Illinois PSO AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research...SUMMARY: Illinois PSO: AHRQ has accepted a notification of voluntary relinquishment from the Illinois PSO of its status as a Patient Safety...

  6. 76 FR 60494 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From HPI-PSO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From HPI- PSO AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research...SUMMARY: HPI-PSO: AHRQ has accepted a notification of voluntary relinquishment from the HPI-PSO, a component entity of Healthcare...

  7. 78 FR 60020 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request for Voluntary Customer Satisfaction Surveys

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-30

    ...Comment Request for Voluntary Customer Satisfaction Surveys ACTION: Notice and...soliciting comments concerning the Customer Satisfaction Survey. DATES: Written...INFORMATION: Title: Voluntary Customer Satisfaction Survey to Implement...

  8. 13 CFR 120.857 - Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. 120.857 Section 120...Development Company Loan Program (504) Other Cdc Requirements § 120.857 Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. A CDC may not...

  9. 13 CFR 120.857 - Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. 120.857 Section 120...Development Company Loan Program (504) Other Cdc Requirements § 120.857 Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. A CDC may not...

  10. 13 CFR 120.857 - Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. 120.857 Section 120...Development Company Loan Program (504) Other Cdc Requirements § 120.857 Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. A CDC may not...

  11. 13 CFR 120.857 - Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. 120.857 Section 120...Development Company Loan Program (504) Other Cdc Requirements § 120.857 Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. A CDC may not...

  12. 13 CFR 120.857 - Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. 120.857 Section 120...Development Company Loan Program (504) Other Cdc Requirements § 120.857 Voluntary transfer and surrender of CDC certification. A CDC may not...

  13. 12 CFR 563b.610 - Do my members have rights in a voluntary supervisory conversion?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01... false Do my members have rights in a voluntary supervisory...610 Section 563b.610 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT...610 Do my members have rights in a voluntary...

  14. 25 CFR 700.137 - Final date for voluntary relocation application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...voluntary relocation application. 700.137 Section...voluntary relocation application. (a) In order...relocation assistance benefits, an applicant must have filed a completed application form with the...

  15. 75 FR 67992 - Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification Preparedness Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ...Management Agency [Docket ID FEMA-2008-0017] Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification Preparedness Program...business plan to address small business concerns in the Voluntary Private Sector Accreditation and Certification Preparedness...

  16. 76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Emergency Medicine Patient Safety...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ...Voluntary Relinquishment From Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation AGENCY: Agency...voluntary relinquishment from Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation of its status...accepted a notification from Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation, PSO...

  17. 76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ...Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc...of voluntary relinquishment from Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc...has accepted a notification from Child Health Patient Safety Organization,...

  18. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  19. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  20. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  1. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  2. 29 CFR 1919.7 - Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. 1919.7 Section 1919.7...CERTIFICATION Procedure Governing Accreditation § 1919.7 Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. The accreditation of any...

  3. 29 CFR 1919.7 - Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. 1919.7 Section 1919.7...CERTIFICATION Procedure Governing Accreditation § 1919.7 Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. The accreditation of any...

  4. 29 CFR 1919.7 - Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. 1919.7 Section 1919.7...CERTIFICATION Procedure Governing Accreditation § 1919.7 Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. The accreditation of any...

  5. 29 CFR 1919.7 - Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. 1919.7 Section 1919.7...CERTIFICATION Procedure Governing Accreditation § 1919.7 Voluntary amendment or termination of accreditation. The accreditation of any...

  6. 45 CFR 1170.52 - Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation. 1170.52...1170.52 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial...following completion of the self-evaluation: (i) A...

  7. 75 FR 64951 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Illinois; Voluntary Nitrogen Oxides Controls

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ...Implementation Plans; Illinois; Voluntary Nitrogen Oxides Controls AGENCY: Environmental...revision for regulations governing Nitrogen Oxides (NO X ) emission allowances...request? III. Illinois' Voluntary Nitrogen Oxides Control Rule IV. Why did...

  8. 38 CFR 18.406 - Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation. 18.406 Section 18.406 Pensions, Bonuses...18.406 Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. (1) If the...

  9. 45 CFR 1232.7 - Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation. 1232.7 Section 1232.7 Public Welfare...1232.7 Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. (1) If the...

  10. 45 CFR 1170.52 - Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation. 1170.52 Section 1170.52 Public Welfare...1170.52 Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. (1) If the...

  11. 15 CFR 8b.6 - Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... false Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation. 8b.6 Section 8b.6 Commerce and Foreign...8b.6 Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. (1) If the...

  12. 10 CFR 708.11 - Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee... § 708.11 Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests? No. The identity of an employee who files a...

  13. 10 CFR 708.11 - Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee... § 708.11 Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests? No. The identity of an employee who files a...

  14. 10 CFR 708.11 - Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee... § 708.11 Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests? No. The identity of an employee who files a...

  15. 10 CFR 708.11 - Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee... § 708.11 Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests? No. The identity of an employee who files a...

  16. 10 CFR 708.11 - Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee... § 708.11 Will an employee's identity be kept confidential if the employee so requests? No. The identity of an employee who files a...

  17. 49 CFR 225.12 - Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee...Attributed to Employee Human Factor; Employee Statement Supplementing...Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, RRS-22, Mail Stop...

  18. Employee Assistance Program Issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gettleman, Alan G.; McGuire, William

    1999-01-01

    Employee Assistance Program (EAP) officers, as well as personnel in other disciplines from eight NASA Centers, attended this breakout session. Ms. Brenda Blair, MA, CEAP, a guest speaker at the conference, also attended as a consultant. Representatives from the NASA Centers introduced themselves and spoke briefly about their programs. In a discussion related to the conference theme on benchmarking, quality control issues within the EAP community and adequate documentation of cases were addressed. Disposition and provision for quality assurance checks for EAP providers in single person offices were also discussed. Ms. Blair presented methods for consulting with other NASA personnel in single person EAP offices as a quality control measure. EAP intervention in critical incidents was discussed. The question of whether EAP assistance is an asset or a potential liability in those situations was addressed. Suggestions were made of topics for future EAP video-teleconference topics. A program on EAP ethics was planned for a September video teleconference. Each person was asked to provide intake forms they use to Mr. Gettleman or Ms. Blair. Ms. Blair said she would review the forms to ensure that adequate notification is provided to the client for confidentiality. She would also review them to ensure they have adequate limits of confidentiality--a topic for future video teleconferencing. Mr. Gettleman described the NASA initiative to reduce stresses in the workplace, and the activities of an ad-hoc EAP group that will make recommendations to NASA senior management. Alternative training methods were discussed for reaching target audiences such as employees at risk, supervisors, and others. Pfc. David A. Pendleton, Victim Assistance Coordinator, U.S. Capitol Police. U.S. House of Representatives made a special presentation. Pfc. Pendleton was on duty during the tragic shooting of two Federal guards at the U.S. Capitol. He related the events immediately after the incident. He described the nature and structure of the EAP's and the separate nature of the House and Senate programs. This episode was a particularly difficult situation as large numbers of tourists were involved. William S. Barry, MD, the new Manager of the NASA Occupational Health Program Office was introduced to those attending the breakout session.

  19. Solving Employee Timetabling Problems Using Boolean Satisfiability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fadi Aloul; Bashar Al-Rawi; Anas Al-Farra; Basel Al-Roh

    2006-01-01

    The employee timetabling problem (ETP) is concerned with assigning a number of employees into a given set of shifts over a fixed period of time, e.g. a week, while meeting the employee's preferences and organizational work regulations. The problem also attempts to optimize the performance criteria and distribute the shifts equally among the employees. The problem is considered a classical

  20. Employee Satisfaction: Does Kano's Model Apply?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kurt Matzler; Matthias Fuchs; Astrid Schubert

    2004-01-01

    Employee satisfaction has become one of the critical issues in total quality management. Numerous studies investigate the antecedences and consequences of the construct. It has been found that employee satisfaction drives productivity and customer satisfaction. In order to better understand the drivers of employee satisfaction, the authors investigate whether Kano's model of customer satisfaction also applies to employee satisfaction. Kano's

  1. 28 CFR 97.12 - Employee training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employee training. 97.12 Section 97.12...DETAINEE SERVICES § 97.12 Employee training. Private prisoner transport...of a minimum of 100 hours of employee training before an employee may...

  2. Evaluation of Classified Employees. Research into Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Ronald

    2012-01-01

    Evaluation is an important tool to develop and retain skilled employees. It should be used to recognize employees that are performing well, to identify areas for growth and to provide employees with clear, explicit feedback about their performance. An agreed upon appraisal system lets employees know what is expected, what is recognized and…

  3. A policy analysis of voluntary agreements for energy efficiency in industry

    SciTech Connect

    Larsen, A.; Karup, S.; Kraemer, T.P.

    1998-07-01

    To a growing degree voluntary agreements are used as an energy policy instrument in industrial energy policy in Europe. This paper investigates voluntary agreements of Great Britain, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden. The paper analyses the design and effects of these agreements and on this background discusses general implications of using voluntary agreements as a policy instrument in industrial energy policy.

  4. Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-10 American Softwood Lumber Standard

    E-print Network

    #12;Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-10 American Softwood Lumber Standard Supersedes Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-05 June 2010 U.S. Department of Commerce Gary Locke, Secretary National Institute Voluntary Product Standard PS 20-10 Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Prod. Stand. PS 20-10, 50 pages (June 2010

  5. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data)

    SciTech Connect

    Heeter, J.; Nicholas, T.

    2013-10-01

    Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. Voluntary action provides a revenue stream for renewable energy projects and raises consumer awareness of the benefits of renewable energy. These markets continued to exhibit growth and stimulate renewable energy development in 2012. This paper reviews the voluntary market and identifies market trends.

  6. Perceptual load, voluntary attention, and aging: An event-related potential study , Shimin Fu b

    E-print Network

    Parasuraman, Raja

    Perceptual load, voluntary attention, and aging: An event-related potential study Yan Wang Aging Perceptual load Voluntary attention The locus of attentional selection is known to vary with perceptual load (Lavie et al., 2004). Under voluntary attention, perceptual load modulates selective visual

  7. Global distribution of carbon turnover times in terrestrial ecosystems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvalhais, Nuno; Forkel, Matthias; Khomik, Myroslava; Bellarby, Jessica; Jung, Martin; Migliavacca, Mirco; Mu, Mingquan; Saatchi, Sassan; Santoro, Maurizio; Thurner, Martin; Weber, Ulrich; Ahrens, Bernhard; Beer, Christian; Cescatti, Alessandro; Randerson, James T.; Reichstein, Markus

    2015-04-01

    The response of the carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems to climate variability remains one of the largest uncertainties affecting future projections of climate change. This feedback between the terrestrial carbon cycle and climate is partly determined by the response of carbon uptake and by changes in the residence time of carbon in land ecosystems, which depend on climate, soil, and vegetation type. Thus, it is of foremost importance to quantify the turnover times of carbon in terrestrial ecosystems and its spatial co-variability with climate. Here, we develop a global, spatially explicit and observation-based assessment of whole-ecosystem carbon turnover times (?) to investigate its co-variation with climate at global scale. Assuming a balance between uptake (gross primary production, GPP) and emission fluxes, ? can be defined as the ratio between the total stock (C_total) and the output or input fluxes (GPP). The estimation of vegetation (C_veg) stocks relies on new remote sensing-based estimates from Saatchi et al (2011) and Thurner et al (2014), while soil carbon stocks (C_soil) are estimated based on state of the art global (Harmonized World Soil Database) and regional (Northern Circumpolar Soil Carbon Database) datasets. The uptake flux estimates are based on global observation-based fields of GPP (Jung et al., 2011). Globally, we find an overall mean global carbon turnover time of 23-4+7 years (95% confidence interval). A strong spatial variability globally is also observed, from shorter residence times in equatorial regions to longer periods at latitudes north of 75°N (mean ? of 15 and 255 years, respectively). The observed latitudinal pattern reflect the clear dependencies on temperature, showing increases from the equator to the poles, which is consistent with our current understanding of temperature controls on ecosystem dynamics. However, long turnover times are also observed in semi-arid and forest-herbaceous transition regions. Furthermore, based on a local correlation analysis, our results reveal a similarly strong association between ? and precipitation. A further analysis of carbon turnover times as simulated by state-of-the-art coupled climate carbon-cycle models from the CMIP5 experiments reveals wide variations between models and a tendency to underestimate the global ? by 36%. The latitudinal patterns correlate significantly with the observation-based patterns. However, the models show stronger associations between ? and temperature than the observation-based estimates. In general, the stronger relationship between ? and precipitation is not reproduced and the modeled turnover times are significantly faster in many semi-arid regions. Ultimately, these results suggest a strong role of the hydrological cycle in the carbon cycle-climate interactions, which is not currently reproduced by Earth system models.

  8. The impact of civility interventions on employee social behavior, distress, and attitudes.

    PubMed

    Leiter, Michael P; Laschinger, Heather K Spence; Day, Arla; Oore, Debra Gilin

    2011-11-01

    Although incivility has been identified as an important issue in workplaces, little research has focused on reducing incivility and improving employee outcomes. Health care workers (N = 1,173, Time 1; N = 907, Time 2) working in 41 units completed a survey of social relationships, burnout, turnover intention, attitudes, and management trust before and after a 6-month intervention, CREW (Civility, Respect, and Engagement at Work). Most measures significantly improved for the 8 intervention units, and these improvements were significantly greater than changes in the 33 contrast units. Specifically, significant interactions indicating greater improvements in the intervention groups than in the contrast groups were found for coworker civility, supervisor incivility, respect, cynicism, job satisfaction, management trust, and absences. Improvements in civility mediated improvements in attitudes. The results suggest that this employee-based civility intervention can improve collegiality and enhance health care provider outcomes. PMID:21744942

  9. 49 CFR 219.403 - Voluntary referral policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Identification of Troubled Employees ...troubled by alcohol or drug abuse problems, consistent with the railroad's...by an alcohol or drug use problem may maintain an employment...employee's alcohol or drug use problem or is referred for...

  10. 49 CFR 219.403 - Voluntary referral policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE Identification of Troubled Employees ...troubled by alcohol or drug abuse problems, consistent with the railroad's...by an alcohol or drug use problem may maintain an employment...employee's alcohol or drug use problem or is referred for...

  11. Below the Salary Line: Employee Engagement of Non-Salaried Employees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuck, Brad; Albornoz, Carlos

    2007-01-01

    This exploratory empirical phenomological study looks at employee engagement using Kahn (1990) and Maslow's (1970) motivational theories to understand the experience of non-salaried employees. This study finds four themes that seem to affect employee engagement: work environment, employee's supervisor, individual characteristics of the employee,…

  12. The refractory phase of voluntary and associative responses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. W. Telford

    1931-01-01

    Since refractory phase is regarded as a universal post-stimulation phenomenon of sensitive tissues, the question arises whether a similar effect may be observed which is characteristic of voluntary and associative responses. Three sets of experiments were made, using reaction time, judging the longer of two parallel lines, and nonsense syllable-number sequences after the method employed by Thorndike. Variations in the

  13. Procedures for the Interruption and Voluntary Withdrawal of Taught Students

    E-print Network

    Mumby, Peter J.

    Procedures for the Interruption and Voluntary Withdrawal of Taught Students TQA Manual the timeframe for completion of a programme and a student is not required to undertake academic study, nor will they receive any tuition or supervision, nor be required to pay tuition fees. 1.2 On interruption, students

  14. Voluntary exercise increases axonal regeneration from sensory neurons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raffaella Molteni; Jun-Qi Zheng; Zhe Ying; Fernando Gómez-Pinilla; Jeffery L. Twiss

    2004-01-01

    Recent advances in understanding the role of neurotrophins on activity-dependent plasticity have provided insight into how behavior can affect specific aspects of neuronal biology. We present evidence that voluntary exercise can prime adult dorsal root ganglion neurons for increased axonal regeneration through a neurotrophin-dependent mechanism. Dorsal root ganglion neurons showed an increase in neurite outgrowth when cultured from animals that

  15. Voluntary Economics Content Standards for America's Schools: Rationale and Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegfried, John J.; Meszaros, Bonnie T.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the creation and implementation of voluntary standards and benchmarks for the teaching and learning of economics at the precollege level. The standards, established by the National Council on Economic Education in 1997, outline fundamental economic concepts to be taught at each grade level. Includes copies of the standards. (MJP)

  16. Carbon Code Requirements for voluntary carbon sequestration projects

    E-print Network

    Woodland Carbon Code Requirements for voluntary carbon sequestration projects ® Version 1.2 July trademark 10 3. Carbon sequestration 11 3.1 Units of carbon calculation 11 3.2 Carbon baseline 11 3.3 Carbon leakage 12 3.4 Project carbon sequestration 12 3.5 Net carbon sequestration 13 4. Environmental quality 14

  17. Altruism in insect societies and beyond: voluntary or enforced?

    E-print Network

    Wenseleers, Tom

    Altruism in insect societies and beyond: voluntary or enforced? Francis L.W. Ratnieks1 and Tom University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium The altruism of insect workers has puzzled researchers for decades. Inclusive fitness theory suggests that high relatedness has been key in promoting such altruism. Recent

  18. [Voluntary poisoning by intravenous injection of caustic soda].

    PubMed

    Blin, F; Rochette, J; Taulet, G; Pellerin, M; Marsepoil, T; Starkman, M

    1983-01-01

    A voluntary intoxication by injection in the left basilic vein of 10 ml of concentrated caustic soda is reported. The main effects were, besides local necrosis, haemolysis, acute renal failure with initial anuresis, intravascular coagulation and cyanosis with a normal Pao2 due to methaemalbuminaemia. This was confirmed by using the usual spectrophotometric methods as well as electrophoretic methods. PMID:6625254

  19. Brief Communication Voluntary attention modulates the brightness of

    E-print Network

    Bucci, David J.

    of voluntary attention in the absence of eye movements. These effects may arise from top-down or mid will appear brighter against a dark background and darker against a bright back- ground. The earliest models among adjacent neurons. More recent models incorpo- rate both low-level factors, such as lateral

  20. CITY OF MILWAUKEE VOLUNTARY AIR TOXICS REDUCTION PROJECT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Development and coordination of a broad-based stakeholder workgroup that will meet to discuss, review and recommend strategies to USEPA on practical, cost-effective and voluntary methods for achieving air toxics reductions within a specified neighborhood, locale or region within ...

  1. Duration of Voluntary Breath Holding and Blood Parameters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. I. Irzhak; P. V. Polyakov

    2002-01-01

    Stange's and Genci's functional tests performed at rest and during exercise and blood tests have shown that the duration of voluntary breath holding depends on appearance in the blood of hypoxia, hypercapnia, and acidosis signs only after the influence of fatigue of respiratory muscles and respiratory center has become insufficient.

  2. Assessing voluntary muscle activation with the twitch interpolation technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony Shield; Shi Zhou

    2004-01-01

    The twitch interpolation technique is commonly employed to assess the completeness of skeletal muscle activation during voluntary contractions. Early applications of twitch interpolation suggested that healthy human subjects could fully activate most of the skeletal muscles to which the technique had been applied. More recently, however, highly sensitive twitch interpolation has revealed that even healthy adults routinely fail to fully

  3. Role of stretch reflex in voluntary movements. [of human foot

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gottlieb, G. L.; Agarwal, G. C.

    1975-01-01

    The stretch reflex is often described as a spinal servomechanism, a device for assisting in the regulation of muscle length. Observation of the EMG response to mechanical interruption of voluntary movements fails to demonstrate a significant role for spinal reflexes at 40 msec latency. Two functional responses with latencies of 120 msec and 200 msec, implying supraspinal mediation, are observed.

  4. Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

    This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

  5. Removing the "Silent" from SSR: Voluntary Reading as Social Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parr, Judy M.; Maguiness, Colleen

    2005-01-01

    This article describes a small-scale project designed to help engage reluctant adolescent readers in voluntary reading practice during sustained silent reading (SSR). Three teachers worked with a secondary school reading expert to identify and agree on elements of effective instructional conversations and then implemented these "book talks" with a…

  6. Types of Voluntary Service and Adolescents' Civic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Edward; McLellan, Jeffrey; Youniss, James

    2003-01-01

    This study examined whether and which types of voluntary service might facilitate adolescents' civic development. Analyses showed that social-cause service participation was positively related to concern for social issues, future unconventional civic intentions, and future intended service. Findings suggest a developmental connection between…

  7. Modulation of postural reflexes by voluntary movement1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald L. Gottlieb; Gyan C. Agarwal

    1973-01-01

    We have observed that there is a brief, 400 msec period of widespread facilitation of both the Hoffmann and the tendon-jerk reflexes associated with the initiation of a variety of local, voluntary, isometric efforts. It is suggested that the site of this facilitation lies within the spinal cord. We have also observed that this period is followed, for the Hoffmann

  8. Right Size, Right Way: Smith College's Successful Voluntary Separation Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovell, Jonathan B.; Keefe, Janice A.

    1992-01-01

    The program of voluntary separation at Smith College (Massachusetts), implemented as an alternative to forced staff layoffs, is described. The plan included generous separation benefits and counseling services. Related issues are discussed, including tax considerations, eligibility, cost estimation, the plan's timeline, information dissemination,…

  9. Building Career Guidance Capacity in the Voluntary and Community Sector

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Vivienne; Watts, A. G.; Sharpe, Tricia; Edwards, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    A programme designed to develop the capacity of voluntary agencies and community groups to deliver information, advice and guidance (IAG) on learning and work to their clients and members is outlined. Four forms of capacity building are distinguished: internal IAG capacity building, based on developing IAG resources within the agency or group…

  10. Compliance with a Voluntary Hepatitis B Vaccination Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Todd K.; Douglass, Chester W.

    1988-01-01

    Three years after the introduction of a voluntary hepatitis B vaccination program, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine has achieved a high vaccination rate among predoctoral students and a moderate rate among postdoctoral students and faculty. However, an unexpectedly low immunity was achieved, even among vaccinated individuals. (MSE)

  11. National voluntary laboratory accreditation program: Thermal insulation materials. Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Knab, L.I.

    1995-05-01

    NIST Handbook 150-15 presents the technical requirements of the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) for Thermal Insulation Materials. It is intended for information and use by staff of accredited laboratories, those laboratories seeking accreditation, other laboratory accreditation systems, users of laboratory services, and others needing information on the requirements for accreditation under the Thermal Insulation Materials program.

  12. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Fee Payment Instructions and Form

    E-print Network

    National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Fee Payment Instructions and Form Lab Name Name of Accreditation Program (For the full listing of accreditation programs, go to http be received by NVLAP before the accreditation process can begin. NVLAP Fee Payment Information: 1

  13. Social Contact Networks and Disease Eradicability under Voluntary Vaccination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Perisic; Chris T. Bauch

    2009-01-01

    Certain theories suggest that it should be difficult or impossible to eradicate a vaccine-preventable disease under voluntary vaccination: Herd immunity implies that the individual incentive to vaccinate disappears at high coverage levels. Historically, there have been examples of declining coverage for vaccines, such as MMR vaccine and whole-cell pertussis vaccine, that are consistent with this theory. On the other hand,

  14. VOLUNTARY SUPPLY CHAIN SECURITY PROGRAMS: A SYSTEMATIC COMPARISON

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ximena Gutierrez; Juha Hintsa

    2006-01-01

    International crime and terrorism has become a major concern to both governments and businesses, due to the vulnerability of international supply chains of being either a direct target for crime and terrorism, or a means to deliver weapons. In response to this new threat, several voluntary supply chain security programs have been created or modified. This paper analyses and compares

  15. The Voluntary Control of Facial Action Units in Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Gosselin; Mélanie Perron; Martin Beaupré

    2010-01-01

    We investigated adults’ voluntary control of 20 facial action units theoretically associated with 6 basic emotions (happiness, fear, anger, surprise, sadness, and disgust). Twenty young adults were shown video excerpts of facial action units and asked to reproduce them as accurately as possible. Facial Action Coding System (FACS; Ekman & Friesen, 1978a) coding of the facial productions showed that young

  16. The Voluntary System of Accountability for Accountability and Institutional Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Christine M.; Hammang, John M.

    2008-01-01

    The Voluntary System of Accountability (VSA) provides a framework for public universities to provide evidence of success and increase public confidence. The goals of the VSA are threefold: (1) Demonstrate greater accountability and stewardship to the public; (2) Enhance effective educational practices by measuring educational outcomes; and (3)…

  17. Study of the Voluntary Public School Choice Program. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yin, Robert K.; Ahonen, Pirkko S.

    2008-01-01

    The Voluntary Public School Choice (VPSC) Program supports the emergence and growth of choice initiatives across the country, by assisting states and local school districts in developing innovative strategies to expand public school choice options for students. This report contains the final assessment of the first five years of the VPSC Program…

  18. Study of the Voluntary Public School Choice Program. Interim Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yin, Robert K.; Ahonen, Pirkko; Kim, Dawn

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the Voluntary Public School Choice (VPSC) Program is to assist states and local school districts in the development of innovative strategies to expand options for students, and to encourage transfers of students from low-performing to higher-performing schools. This report presents interim findings from the National Evaluation of…

  19. Final Technical Report ITS for Voluntary Emission Reduction

    E-print Network

    Denver, University of

    Final Technical Report for ITS for Voluntary Emission Reduction: An ITS Operational Test for Real-Time system capable of delivering real-time vehicle emissions information for a long term cost of only $0 emissions sensing into an advanced ITS public information system. This operational test has demonstrated

  20. Investing in Resilience: Public Education and Voluntary Sector Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huddart, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    Many new ideas arise at the borders of systems. Academics and educators engage in research and reform of the education system itself, but much that is innovative in today's schools originates outside the classroom, in a burgeoning set of programs and partnerships with the voluntary or community sector, and in the relationships being established by…