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1

Predictive models of employee voluntary turnover in a North American professional sales force using data-mining analysis  

E-print Network

............................................................. 123 30 Goodness of Fit Indices for Non-VTO Caucasian Employees................ 124 31 Classification Table for Non-VTO Caucasian Employees...................... 125 32 Classification Table for Non-VTO Caucasians... expected annual growth of 1% will be outpaced by economic growth predictions of 2- 3% per annum (Fullerton & Toossi, 2001; Karoly & Panis, 2004). Impending labor shortages are creating a ground swell throughout U.S. firms as executives turn their attention...

Kane-Sellers, Marjorie Laura

2009-05-15

2

Using Absenteeism and Performance To Predict Employee Turnover: Early Detection through Company Records.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a comparison of 113 insurance company employees who left voluntarily with 113 who stayed supported a relationship between absenteeism, performance ratings, and voluntary turnover. There was no significant interaction effect. (SK)

Morrow, Paula C.; McElroy, James C.; Laczniak, Kathleen S.; Fenton, James B.

1999-01-01

3

Developmental Climate: A Cross-level Analysis of Voluntary Turnover and Job Performance.  

PubMed

This research investigates the influence of shared perceptions of developmental climate on individual-level perceptions of organizational commitment, engagement, and perceived competence, and whether these attitudes mediate the relationship between developmental climate and both individual voluntary turnover and supervisor-rated job performance. Survey data were collected from 361 intact employee-supervisory mentoring dyads and matched with employee turnover data collected one year later to test the proposed framework using multilevel modeling techniques. As expected, shared perceptions of developmental climate were significantly and positively related to all three individual work attitudes. In addition, both organizational commitment and perceived competence were significant mediators of the positive relationship between shared perceptions of developmental climate and voluntary turnover, as well as shared perceptions of developmental climate and supervisor-rated job performance. By contrast, no significant mediating effects were found for engagement. Theoretical implications, limitations, and future research are discussed. PMID:24748681

Spell, Hannah B; Eby, Lillian T; Vandenberg, Robert J

2014-06-01

4

Does a Corresponding Set of Variables for Explaining Voluntary Organizational Turnover Transfer to Explaining Voluntary Occupational Turnover?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposed and tested corresponding sets of variables for explaining voluntary organizational versus occupational turnover for a sample of medical technologists. This study is believed to be the first test of the Rhodes and Doering (1983) occupational change model using occupational turnover data. Results showed that corresponding job…

Blau, Gary

2007-01-01

5

Review and conceptual analysis of the employee turnover process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on employee turnover since L. W. Porter and R. M. Steers's analysis of the literature reveals that age, tenure, overall satisfaction, job content, intentions to remain on the job, and commitment are consistently and negatively related to turnover. Generally, however, less than 20% of the variance in turnover is explained. Lack of a clear conceptual model, failure to consider

William H. Mobley; Rodger W. Griffeth; Herbert H. Hand; B. M. Meglino

1979-01-01

6

Employees' views on outsourcing and its impact on employee turnover: A phenomenological study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing use of outsourcing gives employees concern about personal job security. Using a modified van Kaam approach, this qualitative phenomenological study examined perceptions and experiences of 12 employees' on the influence outsourcing had on employee turnover. Five themes describing employee perceptions emerged: (a) preparation---education gives job security, (b) plausibility---all believed job loss plausible, (c) emotional influence---feelings of stress, threat, betrayal, and not being valued, (d) environment---value of communication and interaction with leaders, and (e) confidence---gained from increased education, skills, and knowledge protected from outsourcing. Significance of this study to leadership is the identification of employee perceptions of outsourcing and motivating factors influencing employee turnover during times of outsourcing. Findings might present new information and assist leaders with employee retention concerns for future outsourcing activities.

Przybelinski, Steven A.

7

Employee Age and Voluntary Development Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 1798 workers involved in tuition reimbursement, employee-development programs, staff-development centers, or keeping personal-development logs showed that older workers generally had less education and more limited learning motivation. Those who had participated in development activities were as positive about lifelong learning as…

Warr, Peter; Birdi, Kamal

1998-01-01

8

The effect of the social organization of work on the voluntary turnover rate of hospital nurses in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of current concerns over nursing shortages and productivity, voluntary turnover among hospital nurses in the United States has assumed renewed importance as a managerial issue. This study examines the thesis that the social organization of work in hospitals is an important determinant of the voluntary turnover rate among registered nurses. This perspective differs from previous work in this

Joan R. Bloom; Jeffrey A. Alexander; Beverly A. Nichols

1992-01-01

9

Causes and Consequences of Employee Turnover in a Financial Institution in Kenya  

E-print Network

Employee turnover is expensive and disruptive to organizations. However not many employers appreciate the value lost in quality of human capital, and dollar value of lost productivity and time due to turnover. This study identified the causes...

Obiero, Dan

2012-07-16

10

Intermediate linkages in the relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between job satisfaction and turnover is significant and consistent, but not particularly strong. A more complete understanding of the psychology of the withdrawal decision process requires investigation beyond the replication of the satisfaction–turnover relationship. Toward this end, a heuristic model of the employee withdrawal decision process, which identifies possible intermediate linkages in the satisfaction–turnover relationship, is presented. Previous

William H. Mobley

1977-01-01

11

Labor Pains: Change in Organizational Models and Employee Turnover in Young, High-Tech Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Organizational theories, especially ecological perspectives, emphasize the disruptive effects of change. However, the mechanisms producing these effects are seldom examined explicitly. This article ex-amines one such mechanism-employee turnover. Analyzing a sample of high-technology start-ups, we show that changes in the employment models or blueprints embraced by organizational leaders increase turnover, which in turn adversely affects subsequent organizational performance. Turnover

James N. Baron; Michael T. Hannan; M. Diane Burton

2001-01-01

12

A Study on the Employee Turnover Antecedents in ITES/BPO Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at testing a conceptual model connecting variables of the internal and external work environment to ITES/BPO employee turnover. Based on the gaps identified from the literature that no single model explains in a comprehensive way as to why, people choose to leave and the lack of turnover studies on call centers located in India.…

Sree Rekha, K. R.; Kamalanabhan, T. J.

2010-01-01

13

ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY -VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE Our voluntary Employee-paid term life insurance plan can be designed to meet the needs of each  

E-print Network

- 43 - ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY - VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE Our voluntary Employee-paid term life insurance plan can be designed to meet the needs of each individual or family. This insurance allows you. See your Human Resources/Benefits Office if this applies to you. Voluntary Term Life and Accidental

14

Job and organizational determinants of nursing home employee commitment, job satisfaction and intent to turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine whether job characteristics, the work environment, participation in quality improvement activities and facility quality improvement environment predicted employee commitment and job satisfaction in nursing homes, and whether those same predictors and commitment and satisfaction predicted turnover intention. A total of 6584 nursing home employees from 76 nursing homes in a midwestern state

B. Karsh; B. C. Booske; F. Sainfort

2005-01-01

15

Job and organizational determinants of nursing home employee commitment, job satisfaction and intent to turnover.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine whether job characteristics, the work environment, participation in quality improvement activities and facility quality improvement environment predicted employee commitment and job satisfaction in nursing homes, and whether those same predictors and commitment and satisfaction predicted turnover intention. A total of 6,584 nursing home employees from 76 nursing homes in a midwestern state participated. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. The results supported the hypotheses that job and organizational factors predicted commitment and satisfaction while commitment and satisfaction predicted turnover intentions. The implications for retaining nursing home employees are discussed. PMID:16253944

Karsh, B; Booske, B C; Sainfort, F

2005-08-15

16

Development of a Global Measure of Job Embeddedness and Integration Into a Traditional Model of Voluntary Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research on job embeddedness has found that both on- and off-the-job forces can act to bind people to their jobs. The present study extended this line of research by examining how job embeddedness may be integrated into a traditional model of voluntary turnover. This study also developed and tested a global, reflective measure of job embeddedness that overcomes important

Craig D. Crossley; Rebecca J. Bennett; Steve M. Jex; Jennifer L. Burnfield

2007-01-01

17

The Impact of Employee Engagement Factors and Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current literature review examined a proposed relationship between the antecedent-employee engagement factors--and the outcome variable turnover intent mediated by job satisfaction. Kahn's Personal Engagement Theory, Equity Theory, and Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Job Satisfaction were used as the theoretical underpinnings for the review.…

Berry, Mary Lynn; Morris, Michael L.

2008-01-01

18

A study of relationship between job stress, quality of working life and turnover intention among hospital employees.  

PubMed

Job stress is a serious threat to the quality of working life (QWL) of health-care employees and can cause hostility, aggression, absenteeism and turnover, as well as reduced productivity. In addition, job stress among employees affects the quality of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the relationships between job stress and QWL of employees, and their impact on turnover intention at Isfahan hospitals, Iran. The study employed a cross-sectional research design. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data from hospital employees. Overall, 26% of employees graded their job stress high. The major sources of stress were inadequate pay, inequality at work, too much work, staff shortage, lack of recognition and promotion prospects, time pressure, lack of job security and lack of management support. An inverse relationship was found between job stress and QWL among hospital employees. The most important predictor of QWL was disturbance handling, followed by job proud, job security and job stress. Finally, while QWL was negatively associated with turnover intentions, job stress was positively related to employees' intention to quit. Since job stress has a strong correlation with employee QWL and turnover intention, it is very important to apply the right human resources policies to increase employees' QWL and decrease subsequent turnover. This study invites further research to explore, implement and evaluate intervention strategies for prevention of occupational stress and improvement in QWL. PMID:22040944

Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad; Ferlie, Ewan; Rosenberg, Duska

2011-11-01

19

The threat of litigation and voluntary partner\\/manager turnover in big six firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In debates over tort reform, various sources (e.g., Berton 1991, p. A1, 1994, p. A1; Dalton et al. 1994, p. 56) have asserted that the threat of litigation contributes to the voluntary departure of partners and managers from the Big Six public accounting firms, possibly detracting from their auditing capabilities. Others have countered that increased legal liability would improve audit

Dan R. Dalton; John W. Hill; Robert J. Ramsay

1997-01-01

20

41 CFR 301-70.703 - If we grant an exemption, does that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.703...Government Contractor-Issued Travel Charge Card for Official Travel § 301-70.703...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? No, an...

2013-07-01

21

41 CFR 301-70.703 - If we grant an exemption, does that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.703...Government Contractor-Issued Travel Charge Card for Official Travel § 301-70.703...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? No, an...

2014-07-01

22

41 CFR 301-70.703 - If we grant an exemption, does that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.703...Government Contractor-Issued Travel Charge Card for Official Travel § 301-70.703...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? No, an...

2012-07-01

23

41 CFR 301-70.703 - If we grant an exemption, does that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.703...Government Contractor-Issued Travel Charge Card for Official Travel § 301-70.703...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? No, an...

2011-07-01

24

41 CFR 301-70.703 - If we grant an exemption, does that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.703...Government Contractor-Issued Travel Charge Card for Official Travel § 301-70.703...that prevent the employee from using the card on a voluntary basis? No, an...

2010-07-01

25

The Role of Perceived Organizational Support and Supportive Human Resource Practices in the Turnover Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model investigating antecedents of perceived organizational support (POS) and the role of POS in predicting voluntary turnover was developed and tested in two samples via structural equation modeling. Both samples of employees (N = 215 department store salespeople; N = 197 insurance agents) completed attitude surveys that were related to turnover data collected approximately 1 year later. Results suggest

David G. Allen; Lynn M. Shore; Rodger W. Griffeth

2003-01-01

26

78 FR 57818 - Commission Participation and Commission Employee Involvement in Voluntary Standards Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...millions of small businesses that conform to voluntary...standards related to consumer product [[Page 57822...obligations on small businesses that conform to voluntary...in 16 CFR Part 1031 Business and industry, Consumer protection,...

2013-09-20

27

5 CFR 576.103 - Offering Voluntary Separation Incentive Payments to employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Separation Incentive Payments to employees. (a) Agencies may...Separation Incentive Payments to employees who agree to voluntarily separate by resignation, early retirement, or...may limit offers to its employees based on an...

2010-01-01

28

5?Turnover and Retention Research: A Glance at the Past, a Closer Review of the Present, and a Venture into the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the extensive research on the topic of voluntary employee turnover in the past decade as well as new managerial approaches to employee retention, labor market dynamism, and evolution in research methodology and technology, it is important that researchers evaluate the current state of the field. In this chapter, we critically review prior research to provide a solid foundation and

Brooks C. Holtom; Terence R. Mitchell; Thomas W. Lee; Marion B. Eberly

2008-01-01

29

How Serious of a Problem is Staff Turnover in Substance Abuse Treatment? A Longitudinal Study of Actual Turnover1  

PubMed Central

In the substance abuse treatment field, the annual turnover rate is cited as being anywhere between 19 and 50 percent (Johnson & Roman, 2002; Gallon, Gabriel, & Knudsen, 2003; Knudsen et al., 2003; McLellan et al., 2003). However, no research to date has evaluated these claims by tracking turnover longitudinally using organizational turnover data from substance abuse treatment centers. This research presents the results of a longitudinal study designed to systematically examine actual turnover among counselors and clinical supervisors. Twenty-seven geographically dispersed treatment organizations, serving a wide range of clients in the public and private sector, provided data for the study over a two year time span (2008–2009). The annual turnover rate was 33.2% for counselors and 23.4% for clinical supervisors. For both groups the majority of turnover was voluntary (employee-initiated). Specific reasons for turnover were largely consistent across the two groups, with the most common reason being a new job or new opportunity. The findings are discussed in terms of the unique employment context of substance abuse treatment. Practical recommendations are also discussed to help stem the tide of turnover in the field of substance abuse treatment. PMID:20675097

Eby, Lillian T.; Burk, Hannah; Maher, Charleen P.

2010-01-01

30

The Delta Dental PPO Plus Premier Incented Voluntary Plan is an employee-paid dental plan, that will enable you and your family to enjoy the benefits of quality, affordable dental care from dentists in Massachusetts and across the country.  

E-print Network

The Delta Dental PPO Plus Premier Incented Voluntary Plan is an employee-paid dental plan participate in the Delta Dental PPO or Delta Dental Premier networks is shown below. Any limitations that may the backside of this document for information about how to use your plan. Delta Dental PPO Plus Premier

Dennett, Daniel

31

Turnover Begets Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examined the association between turnover of caregivers and turnover of nursing home top management. The top managers examined were administrators and directors of nursing, and the caregivers examined were registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and nurse aides. Design and Methods: The data came from a survey of 419…

Castle, Nicholas G.

2005-01-01

32

5 CFR 317.303 - Status of employees who decline voluntary conversion to the Senior Executive Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4) or § 317.302(d)(4) shall remain in his/her current appointment and pay system, and shall retain the grade, seniority, and other rights and benefits associated with such type of appointment and pay system. The employee may continue in...

2010-01-01

33

The use of the psychological contract to explain turnover intentions in the hospitality industry: a research study on the impact of gender on the turnover intentions of highly educated employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this study is the psychological contract approach to the employment relationship within the hospitality industry with special reference to highly educated employees. The purpose was to research the differences in the psychological contract and its relation to the intention to leave between highly-educated male and female employees. The research study conducted among this specific group worldwide provided

R. J. Blomme; A. van Rheede; D. M. Tromp

2010-01-01

34

Turnover Time  

EPA Science Inventory

Ecosystems contain energy and materials such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water, and are open to their flow-through. Turnover time refers to the amount of time required for replacement by flow-through of the energy or substance of interest contained in the system, and is ...

35

5 CFR 842.213 - Voluntary early retirement-substantial delayering, reorganization, reduction in force, transfer...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary early retirement-substantial delayering, reorganization...CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.213 Voluntary early retirement-substantial delayering,...

2010-01-01

36

5 CFR 842.204 - Immediate voluntary retirement-basic age and service requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Immediate voluntary retirement-basic age and service requirements...CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility...842.204 Immediate voluntary retirement—basic age and service...

2010-01-01

37

15 CFR 8b.6 - Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...voluntary action, and self-evaluation. 8b.6 Section...voluntary action, and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial...respect to employees and applicants for employment...individuals. (c) Self-evaluation. (1) A...

2010-01-01

38

29 CFR 32.6 - Remedial action, voluntary action, and self-evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...voluntary action, and self-evaluation. 32.6 Section...voluntary action, and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial...respect to employees and applicants for employment...individuals. (c) Self-evaluation. (1) A...

2010-07-01

39

A phenomenological study| Human resource professionals perceptions of leader emotional intelligence and employee affective commitment.  

E-print Network

?? This phenomenological study examined the perceptions of Human Resource professionals regarding the leaders’ emotional intelligence and employees’ affective commitment. Employee turnover is at significant… (more)

Stephens, Brent William

2008-01-01

40

Further Clarifying Proximal Withdrawal States and the Turnover Criterion Space: Comment on Hom, Mitchell, Lee, and Griffeth (2012)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Reviewing Employee Turnover: Focusing on Proximal Withdrawal States and an Expanded Criterion," Hom, Mitchell, Lee, and Griffeth (2012) brought together many of the most important content and process factors in the employee turnover literature. In this paper, I attempt to clarify the true contributions of this framework for the turnover area…

Maertz, Carl P., Jr.

2012-01-01

41

VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE & AD&D INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY  

E-print Network

- 37 - VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE & AD&D INSURANCE ANTHEM LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY VOLUNTARY TERM LIFE Life at 1-866-594-0516. Our voluntary Employee-paid term life insurance plan can be designed to meet the needs of each individual or family. This insurance allows you to add protection, above the Basic Term

42

Career Adaptability, Turnover and Loyalty during Organizational Downsizing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During organizational restructuring and downsizing, employees often worry about being redundant, actually are redundant, and/or feel unsatisfied with their jobs. Employees, in turn, often react with poor loyalty to and high voluntary exit from the organization. The current study addresses this process from a careers' perspective, showing that…

Klehe, Ute-Christine; Zikic, Jelena; Van Vianen, Annelies E. M.; De Pater, Irene E.

2011-01-01

43

The longitudinal study of turnover and the cost of turnover in EMS  

PubMed Central

Purpose Few studies have examined employee turnover and associated costs in emergency medical services (EMS). The purpose of this study was to quantify the mean annual rate of turnover, total median cost of turnover, and median cost per termination in a diverse sample of EMS agencies. Methods A convenience sample of 40 EMS agencies was followed over a 6 month period. Internet, telephone, and on-site data collection methods were used to document terminations, new hires, open positions, and costs associated with turnover. The cost associated with turnover was calculated based on a modified version of the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology (NTCCM). The NTCCM identified direct and indirect costs through a series of questions that agency administrators answered monthly during the study period. A previously tested measure of turnover to calculate the mean annual rate of turnover was used. All calculations were weighted by the size of the EMS agency roster. The mean annual rate of turnover, total median cost of turnover, and median cost per termination were determined for 3 categories of agency staff mix: all paid staff, mix of paid and volunteer (mixed), and all-volunteer. Results The overall weighted mean annual rate of turnover was 10.7%. This rate varied slightly across agency staffing mix: (all-paid=10.2%, mixed=12.3%, all-volunteer=12.4%). Among agencies that experienced turnover (n=25), the weighted median cost of turnover was $71,613.75, which varied across agency staffing mix: (all-paid=$86,452.05, mixed=$9,766.65, and all-volunteer=$0). The weighted median cost per termination was $6,871.51 and varied across agency staffing mix: (all-paid=$7,161.38, mixed=$1,409.64, and all-volunteer=$0). Conclusions Annual rates of turnover and costs associated with turnover vary widely across types of EMS agencies. The study’s mean annual rate of turnover was lower than expected based on information appearing in the news media and EMS trade magazines. Findings provide estimates of two key workforce measures – turnover rates and costs – where previously none have existed. Local EMS directors and policymakers at all levels of government may find the results and study methodology useful towards designing and evaluating programs targeting the EMS workforce. PMID:20199235

Patterson, P. Daniel; Jones, Cheryl B.; Hubble, Michael W.; Carr, Matthew; Weaver, Matthew D.; Engberg, John; Castle, Nicholas

2010-01-01

44

Effect of diversity on turnover: A large case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data collected in 1996-98 from over 800 similar workplaces owned and operated by a single corporation, the authors examine how workplace diversity and employee isolation along the dimensions of gender, race, and age affected employee turnover. Their design controls for much of the variation in job characteristics and labor markets that have confounded other studies of diversity. They

Jonathan S. Leonard; David I. Levine

2006-01-01

45

Predictors of Staff Turnover and Turnover Intentions within Addiction Treatment Settings: Change Over Time Matters  

PubMed Central

This study examined the extent to which changes over time in clinicians’ responses to measures of work attitude (eg, job satisfaction) and psychological climate (eg, supervisor support) could predict actual turnover and turnover intentions above and beyond absolute levels of these respective measures. Longitudinal data for this study were collected from a sample of clinicians (N = 96) being trained to implement an evidence-based treatment for adolescent substance use disorders. Supporting findings from a recent staff turnover study, we found job satisfaction change was able to predict actual turnover above and beyond average levels of job satisfaction. Representing new contributions to the staff turnover literature, we also found that change over time in several other key measures (eg, job satisfaction, role manageability, role clarity) explained a significant amount of variance in turnover intentions above and beyond the absolute level of each respective measure. A key implication of the current study is that organizations seeking to improve their ability to assess risk for staff turnover may want to consider assessing staff at multiple points in time in order to identify systematic changes in key employee attitudes like turnover intentions and job satisfaction. PMID:25336960

Garner, Bryan R; Hunter, Brooke D

2014-01-01

46

New Employee Checklist EMPLOYEE INFORMATION  

E-print Network

1 New Employee Checklist EMPLOYEE INFORMATION Employee Name: (First, Last, Middle Initial) Employee Number Hire Date Department Name Job Title Check off each item after discussion between new employee File. Section I: Preparing for Your New Employee's Arrival Create the new employee's first impression

Leistikow, Bruce N.

47

How to Calculate an Employee Relations Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes using an employee relations index (ERI) to measure factors affecting employee relations and job performance ability. Examines five of ten major ERI factors: attenance, turnover, safety, grievances/complaints, and motor vehicle accidents. Discusses weighing the factors and interpreting the outcome. (CSS)

Cash, William B., Jr.

1979-01-01

48

The Soft Underbelly of System Change: The Role of Leadership and Organizational Climate in Turnover during Statewide Behavioral Health Reform  

PubMed Central

This study examined leadership, organizational climate, staff turnover intentions, and voluntary turnover during a large-scale statewide behavioral health system reform. The initial data collection occurred nine months after initiation of the reform with a follow-up round of data collected 18 months later. A self-administered structured assessment was completed by 190 participants (administrators, support staff, providers) employed by 14 agencies. Key variables included leadership, organizational climate, turnover intentions, turnover, and reform-related financial stress (“low” versus “high”) experienced by the agencies. Analyses revealed that positive leadership was related to a stronger empowering climate in both high and low stress agencies. However, the association between more positive leadership and lower demoralizing climate was evident only in high stress agencies. For both types of agencies empowering climate was negatively associated with turnover intentions, and demoralizing climate was associated with stronger turnover intentions. Turnover intentions were positively associated with voluntary turnover. Results suggest that strong leadership is particularly important in times of system and organizational change and may reduce poor climate associated with turnover intentions and turnover. Leadership and organizational context should be addressed to retain staff during these periods of systemic change. PMID:22229021

Aarons, Gregory A.; Sommerfeld, David H.; Willging, Cathleen E.

2011-01-01

49

California Voluntary Drought Initiative VOLUNTARYDROUGHTAGREEMENT  

E-print Network

California Voluntary Drought Initiative VOLUNTARYDROUGHTAGREEMENT Sacramento River Tributaries Antelope Creek Goals of the Voluntary Drought Initiative NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is among the State and Federal agencies that recognize the severe constraints the 2014 drought is likely

50

HRM Practices and Organizational Commitment: A Study about IT Employees from Chinese Private-Owned Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the high turnover rates and costs, organizations of information technology (IT) industry have shifted from perceiving employees as a replaceable workforce to seeing them as a valued asset. Attracting, managing and retaining valuable employees become urgent to Chinese private-owned IT enterprises in this competitive environment. The aim of this paper was to distinguish the perceptions of Chinese employees

Kun Qiao; Xiaolin Luan; Xiaoyun Wang

2008-01-01

51

Metabolic turnover of myelin glycerophospholipids.  

PubMed

The apparent half life for metabolic turnover of glycerophospholipids in the myelin sheath, as determined by measuring the rate of loss of label in a myelin glycerophospholipid following radioactive precursor injection, varies with the radioactive precursor used, age of animal, and time after injection during which metabolic turnover is studied. Experimental strategies for resolving apparent inconsistencies consequent to these variables are discussed. Illustrative data concerning turnover of phosphatidylcholine (PC) in myelin of rat brain are presented. PC of the myelin membrane exhibits heterogeneity with respect to metabolic turnover rates. There are at least two metabolic pools of PC in myelin, one with a half life of the order of days, and another with a half life of the order of weeks. To a significant extent biphasic turnover is due to differential turnover of individual molecular species (which differ in acyl chain composition). The two predominant molecular species of myelin PC turnover at very different rates (16:0, 18:1 PC turning over several times more rapidly than 18:0, 18:1 PC). Therefore, within the same membrane, individual molecular species of a phospholipid class are metabolized at different rates. Possible mechanisms for differential turnover of molecular species are discussed, as are other factors that may contribute to a multiphasic turnover of glycerophospholipids. PMID:7800124

Morell, P; Ousley, A H

1994-08-01

52

Integrating Turnover Reasons and Shocks with Turnover Decision Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We interviewed and classified 186 quitters from many jobs and organizations via a theoretically-based protocol into five decision process types. We then tested exploratory hypotheses comparing users of these types on their propensity to report certain turnover reasons and turnover shocks. "Impulsive-type quitters," with neither a job offer in hand…

Maertz, Carl P., Jr.; Kmitta, Kayla R.

2012-01-01

53

Organizational Commitment for Knowledge Workers: The Roles of Perceived Organizational Learning Culture, Leader-Member Exchange Quality, and Turnover Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the impact of perceived organizational learning culture and leader-member exchange (LMX) quality on organizational commitment and eventually on employee turnover intention. Employees exhibited the highest organizational commitment when they perceived a higher learning culture and when they were supervised in a supportive…

Joo, Baek-Kyoo

2010-01-01

54

Metabolic turnover of myelin glycerophospholipids  

Microsoft Academic Search

The apparent half life for metabolic turnover of glycerophospholipids in the myelin sheath, as determined by measuring the rate of loss of label in a myelin glycerophospholipid following radioactive precursor injection, varies with the radioactive precursor used, age of animal, and time after injection during which metabolic turnover is studied. Experimental strategies for resolving apparent inconsistencies consequent to these variables

Pierre Morell; Andrea H. Ousley

1994-01-01

55

Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases  

EIA Publications

The Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program was suspended May 2011. It was a mechanism by which corporations, government agencies, individuals, voluntary organizations, etc., could report to the Energy Information Administration, any actions taken that have or are expected to reduce/avoid emissions of greenhouse gases or sequester carbon.

2011-01-01

56

Operant Variability and Voluntary Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A behavior-based theory identified 2 characteristics of voluntary acts. The first, extensively explored in operant-conditioning experiments, is that voluntary responses produce the reinforcers that control them. This bidirectional relationship--in which reinforcer depends on response and response on reinforcer--demonstrates the functional nature…

Neuringer, Allen; Jensen, Greg

2010-01-01

57

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

procedure lists all the items Handbook 150 requires be covered in a management review. The records do and Management Reviews #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Pre-assessment... · A laboratory;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Pre-assessment... · A laboratory's management review

58

The Role of Pay Satisfaction in Instructor Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary employee turnover is a major factor affecting adventure education (AE) organizations (Garret, 2003). Voluntary turnover often is dysfunctional for both employees and organizations (Birmingham, 1989; Podsakoff, LePine, & LePine, 2007). Turnover can result in increased employee and organizational costs (e.g., McKinney, Bartlett, &…

Wilson, Jackson

2009-01-01

59

Employee Turnover in Christian College/University Admissions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few campus offices bear the weight of organizational health and vitality more directly than college and university admissions offices. This is particularly true for Christian colleges and universities where annual operating budgets depend largely on student tuition dollars. The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to explore rates…

Dougherty, Kevin D.; Andrews, Megan

2007-01-01

60

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA EMPLOYEE'S VOLUNTARY CERTIFICATION OF DISABILITY  

E-print Network

disorders 520 ­ Alcoholism 521 ­ Drug addiction 530 ­ Mental retardation ­ mild 532 ­ Mental retardation ­ moderate 534 ­ Mental retardation ­ severe 600 ­ Malignancies 610 ­ Allergies 620 -- Diseases of the blood any person who (1) has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or More major

Acton, Scott

61

Fitness and employee productivity.  

PubMed

What should management consider when deciding whether to sponsor a company fitness program? This article gives pragmatic answers to the business community as well as outlining critical avenues for future research for both academics and corporations. Understanding the nature of the commitment is a prerequisite for success. Whether the program should be short term and serve as a catalyst for future individual efforts, or a long-term commitment, is a question which must be considered. Decisions of this type are partially dependent on what criteria are used to evaluate success. As measurements of employee productivity are very subjective or non-existent, absenteeism and turnover are potential yardsticks. Details of employee programs must also address the issue of participation as well as the frequency, intensity and duration. Future research must separate the effect of the fitness improvement from the benfits derived from just being in a program. The measurement of productivity and the long-term effect of fitness programs, especially short-term programs, are also areas for future work. PMID:540412

Howard, J; Mikalachki, A

1979-09-01

62

What HR managers do versus what employees value : Exploring both parties' views on retention management from a psychological contract perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore HR managers' and employees' views on the factors affecting employee retention using the perspective of the psychological contract. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two studies were conducted. First, a sample of HR managers gave their view on the factors affecting employee retention and turnover and described their retention practices. Second, a large sample

Ans De Vos; Annelies Meganck

2009-01-01

63

Voluntary action and neural causation.  

PubMed

Abstract I agree with Nachev and Hacker's general approach. However, their criticism of claims of covert automaticity can be strengthened. I first say a few words on what voluntary action involves and on the consequent limited relevance of brain research for the determination of voluntariness. I then turn to Nachev and Hacker's discussion of possible covert automaticity and show why the case for it is weaker than they allow. PMID:25157693

Ben-Yami, Hanoch

2014-01-01

64

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-2 - Membership in a voluntary employees' beneficiary association; employees; voluntary association of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...constitute an employment-related common bond among such individuals. Typically...are defined by reference to a common employer (or affiliated...to share an employment-related common bond with members of the...

2012-04-01

65

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-2 - Membership in a voluntary employees' beneficiary association; employees; voluntary association of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...constitute an employment-related common bond among such individuals. Typically...are defined by reference to a common employer (or affiliated...to share an employment-related common bond with members of the...

2013-04-01

66

Voluntary sterilization in Flanders.  

PubMed

In a follow-up of males and females after voluntary sterilization, the social characteristics of the applicants, their fertility and contraceptive history, their motivations, the indication for and mode of surgical contraception, the physical and psychological consequences of the operation, and the outcome of the selection and counseling procedures applied, were studied in a sample of 275 applications with a total of 540 subjects. The survey comprised the preoperative examination, the 1st postoperative evaluation 4 months after surgery, and the 2nd after 12 months. The main reasons for applying for sterilization were excess fertility due to contraceptive failures and side-effects of reversible contraceptive methods. Almost all of the patients were satisfied with the operation, one of the highest proportions reported so far. Nevertheless, many experienced a real adjustment period. Notwithstanding the careful preoperative information and counseling, serious fears were often observed, and many found the operation more severe than expected. For the vast majority of the patients the operation had no influence on their family relations. The sexual relationship too was usually unchanged. If there were changes, the positive effects always exceeded the negative ones. The high response to both the evaluations and the high proportions of satisfied individuals are in favor of the selection procedures and multidisciplinary counseling and follow-up practiced. PMID:7462268

Cliquet, R L; Thiery, M; Staelens, R; Lambert, G

1981-01-01

67

THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON TURNOVER, PRODUCTIVITY, AND CORPORATE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study comprehensively evaluated the links between systems of High Performance Work Practices and firm performance. Results based on a national sample of nearly one thousand firms indicate that these practices have an economically and statistically significant im- pact on both intermediate employee outcomes (turnover and produc- tivity) and short- and long-term measures of corporate financial per- formance. Support for

MARK A. HUSELID

1995-01-01

68

Work-Family Climate, Organizational Commitment, and Turnover: Multilevel Contagion Effects of Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents empirical research analyzing the relationship between work-family climate (operationalized in terms of three work-family climate sub-scales), organizational leadership (i.e., senior manager) characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intent among 526 employees from 37 different hotels across the US. Using…

O'Neill, John W.; Harrison, Michelle M.; Cleveland, Jeannette; Almeida, David; Stawski, Robert; Crouter, Anne C.

2009-01-01

69

Sustainable Labor Practices? Hotel Human Resource Managers Views on Turnover and Skill Shortages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through this research, the authors investigate the recruiting practices and causative factors of labor turnover and skill shortages in four- and five-star hotels in Australia using a web-based questionnaire survey. Their findings in this study confirmed that labor shortages are a major industry concern. In selecting new employees, personal presentation, interpersonal and customer skills are paramount. The key findings present

Michael C. G. Davidson; Ying Wang

2011-01-01

70

Delivering ideal employee experiences.  

PubMed

Employee-centric strategies have moved from employee satisfaction and brand awareness to employee "affinity" or "attachment." In today's marketplace, occupational health nurses understand that differentiation (i.e., the perception of uniqueness) is the direct result of superior employee interactions, which lead to better employee care, enduring employee relationships, loyal employees, and satisfied employers. What drives employees to occupational health nurse attachment? The answer is a passion for rising above the competition to create ideal employee experiences. PMID:19492760

Weiss, Marjorie D; Tyink, Steve; Kubiak, Curt

2009-05-01

71

Employee Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents another approach to individual motivation--participative management--which concerns an emotional rather than financial commitment to the job through involvement and job satisfaction. The author favors within this approach: employee participation in decision-making, entitlement to information, and the establishment of…

Jarratt, Alex

1975-01-01

72

Work-family climate, organizational commitment, and turnover: Multilevel contagion effects of leaders.  

PubMed

This paper presents empirical research analyzing the relationship between work-family climate (operationalized in terms of three work-family climate sub-scales), organizational leadership (i.e., senior manager) characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intent among 526 employees from 37 different hotels across the US. Using multilevel modeling, we found significant associations between work-family climate, and both organizational commitment and turnover intent, both within and between hotels. Findings underscored the importance of managerial support for employee work-family balance, the relevance of senior managers' own work-family circumstances in relation to employees' work outcomes, and the existence of possible contagion effects of leaders in relation to work-family climate. PMID:19412351

O'Neill, John W; Harrison, Michelle M; Cleveland, Jeannette; Almeida, David; Stawski, Robert; Crouter, Anne C

2009-01-01

73

Work–family climate, organizational commitment, and turnover: Multilevel contagion effects of leaders ?  

PubMed Central

This paper presents empirical research analyzing the relationship between work–family climate (operationalized in terms of three work–family climate sub-scales), organizational leadership (i.e., senior manager) characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intent among 526 employees from 37 different hotels across the US. Using multilevel modeling, we found significant associations between work–family climate, and both organizational commitment and turnover intent, both within and between hotels. Findings underscored the importance of managerial support for employee work–family balance, the relevance of senior managers’ own work–family circumstances in relation to employees’ work outcomes, and the existence of possible contagion effects of leaders in relation to work–family climate. PMID:19412351

O’Neill, John W.; Harrison, Michelle M.; Cleveland, Jeannette; Almeida, David; Stawski, Robert; Crouter, Anne C.

2009-01-01

74

Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program  

E-print Network

Industrial Energy Conservation in Canada is organized and promoted through a voluntary program that is administered by industry. Industry is divided into fifteen sectors, each of which is represented by a Voluntary Task Force. Information exchange...

Wolf, C. A., Jr.

1980-01-01

75

77 FR 72941 - Voluntary Education Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...0790-AI50 Voluntary Education Programs AGENCY: Office...with the installation education advisor before enrolling...resources in print or online format that are appropriate...pre-built into the USAF online Voluntary Education System. b....

2012-12-07

76

22 CFR 513.210 - Voluntary exclusion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GOVERNORS GOVERNMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) AND GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) Effect of Action § 513.210 Voluntary exclusion. Persons who accept voluntary exclusions under §...

2010-04-01

77

22 CFR 513.210 - Voluntary exclusion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GOVERNORS GOVERNMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) AND GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) Effect of Action § 513.210 Voluntary exclusion. Persons who accept voluntary exclusions under §...

2011-04-01

78

22 CFR 513.210 - Voluntary exclusion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...GOVERNORS GOVERNMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) AND GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) Effect of Action § 513.210 Voluntary exclusion. Persons who accept voluntary exclusions under §...

2014-04-01

79

22 CFR 513.210 - Voluntary exclusion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GOVERNORS GOVERNMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) AND GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) Effect of Action § 513.210 Voluntary exclusion. Persons who accept voluntary exclusions under §...

2013-04-01

80

22 CFR 513.210 - Voluntary exclusion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GOVERNORS GOVERNMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) AND GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) Effect of Action § 513.210 Voluntary exclusion. Persons who accept voluntary exclusions under §...

2012-04-01

81

14 CFR 234.7 - Voluntary reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS AIRLINE SERVICE QUALITY PERFORMANCE REPORTS § 234.7 Voluntary...a reporting carrier may report to DOT for every other...schedules. (c) Voluntary reports containing...

2010-01-01

82

Informal Learning and the Voluntary Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While people might not be familiar with the term "voluntary arts", they are probably either involved with some voluntary arts activity themselves or they know someone who is. They use "voluntary arts" to mean any situation in which someone is voluntarily participating in an art form for pleasure, social reasons, skills development, and so on, but…

Simpson, Robin

2011-01-01

83

In order to assist you in planning for the future, you have the opportunity to choose from several voluntary tax-deferred retirement plan investment options, as well as having benefits provided on  

E-print Network

several voluntary tax-deferred retirement plan investment options, as well as having benefits provided the Employee and the employer are set by the individual institutions; this contribution is not subject. Voluntary Tax Deferred Retirement Plan Options You have a number of tax-deferred retirement plans available

84

Estimating Teacher Turnover Costs: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High teacher turnover in large U.S. cities is a critical issue for schools and districts, and the students they serve; but surprisingly little work has been done to develop methodologies and standards that districts and schools can use to make reliable estimates of turnover costs. Even less is known about how to detect variations in turnover costs…

Levy, Abigail Jurist; Joy, Lois; Ellis, Pamela; Jablonski, Erica; Karelitz, Tzur M.

2012-01-01

85

Employee motivation in laboratory animal science: creating the conditions for a happy and productive staff.  

PubMed

High rates of employee turnover are the source of a considerable loss of time and resources, but managers are not always aware of the reasons that motivate employees to stay in their positions. The author compares prominent theories of employee motivation and then puts them to the test by surveying 82 cagewashers, animal caretakers, animal technicians, and supervisors working in a laboratory animal facility to determine the job characteristics that motivate them. PMID:16382232

Chick, John F

2006-01-01

86

International Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of international voluntary renewable energy markets, with a focus on the United States and Europe. The voluntary renewable energy market is the market in which consumers and institutions purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs on a voluntary basis. In 2010, the U.S. voluntary market was estimated at 35 terawatt-hours (TWh) compared to 300 TWh in the European market, though key differences exist. On a customer basis, Australia has historically had the largest number of customers, pricing for voluntary certificates remains low, at less than $1 megawatt-hour, though prices depend on technology.

Heeter, J.

2012-06-01

87

New Employee New Employee Onboarding Checklist  

E-print Network

contacts, PSU Alerts, and your directory profile. Getting Access Visit ID Card Services in Neuberger Hall Profile Visit banweb, the PSU Employee Information System website (Employee Self-Serve) Policies You Need) Complete the online training session "Creating a Culture of Respect" (required for all PSU employees

Caughman, John

88

Lived Experiences of Information Technology Middle Managers Regarding Voluntary Turnover: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaving information technology (IT) management positions voluntarily can have adverse effects on productivity and knowledge retention among ethnic minorities. Despite organizational efforts to leverage diversity across leadership positions and to comply with governmental laws that protect ethnic minorities from discriminatory practices, ethnic…

Dailey, Felecia Ann

2011-01-01

89

Why Do They Leave? Voluntary Turnover of South African Women Executives  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter continues our analysis of the various systemic dynamics that may undermine women’s leadership in organizations.\\u000a Just as not all networks, even professional women’s networks, produce positive experiences, similarly, not all systems create\\u000a positive climates, particularly for women. In their study of South African women executives, Clark and Kleyn demonstrate how\\u000a social and cultural conditions in South Africa, such

Desray Clark; Nicola Kleyn

90

Dynamics of Voluntary Cough Maneuvers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Voluntary cough maneuvers are characterized by transient peak expiratory flows (PEF) exceeding the maximum expiratory flow-volume (MEFV) curve. In some cases, these flows can be well in excess of the MEFV, generally referred to as supramaximal flows. Understanding the flow-structure interaction involved in these maneuvers is the main goal of this work. We present a simple theoretical model for investigating the dynamics of voluntary cough and forced expiratory maneuvers. The core modeling idea is based on a 1-D model of high Reynolds number flow through flexible-walled tubes. The model incorporates key ingredients involved in these maneuvers: the expiratory effort generated by the abdominal and expiratory muscles, the glottis and the flexibility and compliance of the lung airways. Variations in these allow investigation of the expiratory flows generated by a variety of single cough maneuvers. The model successfully reproduces PEF which is shown to depend on the cough generation protocol, the glottis reopening time and the compliance of the airways. The particular highlight is in simulating supramaximal PEF for very compliant tubes. The flow-structure interaction mechanisms behind these are discussed. The wave speed theory of flow limitation is used to characterize the PEF. Existing hypotheses of the origin of PEF, from cough and forced expiration experiments, are also tested using this model.

Naire, Shailesh

2008-11-01

91

Implementation of an Initial Training Program for New Employees in a Profoundly Mentally and Physically Handicapped Children and Adult Residential Facility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was designed to reduce the turnover of direct care staff in a community-based residential facility that provides a home and educational or adult day training services for 54 severely or profoundly mentally and physically handicapped children and adults. The project sought to reduce total staff turnover by 40%, reduce employee

Hoeft, Linda A.

92

Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

A long-run equilibrium theory of turnover is presented and is shown to explain the important regularities that have been observed by empirical investigators. A worker's productivity in a particular job is not known ex ante and becomes known more precisely as the worker's job tenure increases. Turnover is generated by the exis- tence of a nondegenerate distribution of the worker's

Boyan Jovanovic

1979-01-01

93

Ohio's Resource Guide for Voluntary Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary skill standards are industry-based, industry-verified performance specifications that identify the knowledge, skills, and abilities individuals need for success in an industry. This resource guide is designed to raise awareness of voluntary skill standards, identify their benefits, and encourage stakeholder involvement in implementation…

Springfield-Clark Joint Vocational School, Springfield, OH.

94

Voluntary Task Switching: Chasing the Elusive Homunculus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the voluntary task switching procedure, subjects choose the task to perform on a series of bivalent stimuli, requiring top-down control of task switching. Experiments 1-3 contrasted voluntary task switching and explicit task cuing. Choice behavior showed small, inconsistent effects of external stimulus characteristics, supporting the assumption…

Arrington, Catherine M.; Logan, Gordon D.

2005-01-01

95

Changing Dynamics in the Voluntary Market (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. This presentation, presented at the Renewable Energy Markets Conference in December 2014, outlines the voluntary market in 2013, including community choice aggregation and community solar.

Heeter, J.

2014-12-01

96

Managing employee commitment in the not-for-profit sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The voluntary and not-for-profit sector accounts for an important and growing proportion of employment in the UK though it remains highly under-researched. Rates of pay are often relatively low, necessitating forms of human resource management that emphasise non-financial means of eliciting employee motivation and commitment. This paper examines HRM in a major charity that provides services to adults with learning

José Alatrista; James Arrowsmith

2004-01-01

97

Communicating with the workforce during emergencies: developing an employee text messaging program in a local public health setting.  

PubMed

Short message service (SMS) text messaging can be useful for communicating information to public health employees and improving workforce situational awareness during emergencies. We sought to understand how the 1,500 employees at Public Health--Seattle & King County, Washington, perceived barriers to and benefits of participation in a voluntary, employer-based SMS program. Based on employee feedback, we developed the system, marketed it, and invited employees to opt in. The system was tested during an ice storm in January 2012. Employee concerns about opting into an SMS program included possible work encroachment during non-work time and receiving excessive irrelevant messages. Employees who received messages during the weather event reported high levels of satisfaction and perceived utility from the program. We conclude that text messaging is a feasible form of communication with employees during emergencies. Care should be taken to design and deploy a program that maximizes employee satisfaction. PMID:25355976

Karasz, Hilary N; Bogan, Sharon; Bosslet, Lindsay

2014-01-01

98

Bringing social identity to work: the influence of manifestation and suppression on perceived discrimination, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions.  

PubMed

In the current article, we explored whether manifesting or suppressing an identity (race/ethnicity, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, or disability) at work is related to perceived discrimination, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions. Participants included 211 working adults who completed an online survey. The results showed that efforts to suppress a group identity were positively (and behavioral manifestations of group identity negatively) related to perceived discrimination, which predicted job satisfaction and turnover intentions. These results suggest that diverse employees actively manage their nonwork identities while at work and that these identity management strategies have important consequences. PMID:22506819

Madera, Juan M; King, Eden B; Hebl, Michelle R

2012-04-01

99

Employees with Epilepsy  

MedlinePLUS

... epilepsy, see: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/living/wellness/transportation/drivinglaws.cfm Pair the employee with a co- ... Adjust schedule so the employee can access public transportation Help facilitate a carpool with co-workers for ...

100

A pattern to regenerate through turnover.  

PubMed

Tissues of animals and plants are maintained through balanced cell growth, movement, and elimination. Although cells are exchanged perpetually, the whole structure of the tissue is maintained. This form of maintenance is called cell turnover. Here I propose a bio-inspired model of patterns that regenerate through turnover. This model is derived from the Dachsous-Fat system, which has recently attracted much attention because it is considered to facilitate regeneration in insect legs. In this model, I parameterized the manner of the redistribution of Dachsous and Fat during cell division, and then derived equations in the parameters that enable the patterns to regenerate and maintain themselves through turnover. I extended the equations derived in the one-dimensional model into a two-dimensional model. Finally, I discuss a possible relationship between regeneration and turnover. PMID:22917582

Yoshida, Hiroshi

2012-10-01

101

78 FR 49382 - Voluntary Education Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...American Council on Education (ACE) Guide to the...Military-Guide-Online.aspx), take tests...enroll in postsecondary education programs that lead...pre-built into the USAF online Voluntary Education System. b....

2013-08-14

102

Regulation of Animal Use: Voluntary and Involuntary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The regulation (voluntary and involuntary) of animal care and use throughout history in research and teaching is reviewed. The role of several organizations concerned with various aspects of animal quality, care, and use is discussed. (BH)

Clark, J. Derrell

1979-01-01

103

25 CFR 38.14 - Voluntary services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...subject to the approval of the local school board concerned, accept voluntary services on behalf of Bureau schools from the private sector, including...where public services, special projects, or school operations are improved...

2013-04-01

104

25 CFR 38.14 - Voluntary services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...subject to the approval of the local school board concerned, accept voluntary services on behalf of Bureau schools from the private sector, including...where public services, special projects, or school operations are improved...

2014-04-01

105

25 CFR 38.14 - Voluntary services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...subject to the approval of the local school board concerned, accept voluntary services on behalf of Bureau schools from the private sector, including...where public services, special projects, or school operations are improved...

2010-04-01

106

25 CFR 38.14 - Voluntary services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...subject to the approval of the local school board concerned, accept voluntary services on behalf of Bureau schools from the private sector, including...where public services, special projects, or school operations are improved...

2012-04-01

107

25 CFR 38.14 - Voluntary services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...subject to the approval of the local school board concerned, accept voluntary services on behalf of Bureau schools from the private sector, including...where public services, special projects, or school operations are improved...

2011-04-01

108

The costs of nurse turnover, part 2: application of the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology.  

PubMed

This is the second article in a 2-part series focusing on nurse turnover and its costs. Part 1 (December 2004) described nurse turnover costs within the context of human capital theory, and using human resource accounting methods, presented the updated Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Methodology. Part 2 presents an application of this method in an acute care setting and the estimated costs of nurse turnover that were derived. Administrators and researchers can use these methods and cost information to build a business case for nurse retention. PMID:15647669

Jones, Cheryl Bland

2005-01-01

109

Voluntary Task Switching: Chasing the Elusive Homunculus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the voluntary task switching procedure, subjects choose the task to perform on a series of bivalent stimuli, requiring top-down control of task switching. Experiments 1–3 contrasted voluntary task switching and explicit task cuing. Choice behavior showed small, inconsistent effects of external stimulus characteristics, supporting the assumption of top-down control of task choice. Switch costs were smaller when subjects chose

Catherine M. Arrington; Gordon D. Logan

2005-01-01

110

The costs of nurse turnover: part 1: an economic perspective.  

PubMed

Nurse turnover is costly for healthcare organizations. Administrators and nurse executives need a reliable estimate of nurse turnover costs and the origins of those costs if they are to develop effective measures of reducing nurse turnover and its costs. However, determining how to best capture and quantify nurse turnover costs can be challenging. Part 1 of this series conceptualizes nurse turnover via human capital theory and presents an update of a previously developed method for determining the costs of nurse turnover, the Nursing Turnover Cost Calculation Method. Part 2 (January 2005) presents a recent application of the methodology in an acute care hospital. PMID:15632752

Jones, Cheryl Bland

2004-12-01

111

Do you know that one of your employees is looking for a new employer?  

PubMed

Turnover of employees is a natural event. It is sometimes a relief when a particular employee leaves the office. On the other hand, the cost of losing any employee can be high because of the costs related to lost productivity, training, and the time required for recruiting a replacement. Because of these cost elements, it makes sense to try to delay an employee's departure. By "buying time," the manager can minimize the time required to recruit a replacement and possibly even redistribute the workload among current employees before the job-hunting employee leaves the organization. This approach allows the manager to control the situation. Sometimes it is better to let the employee leave immediately upon submitting a resignation if this will avoid disruption in work flow or the "chemistry" among the rest of the employees. Some employees become negative in their behavior patterns once they decide to leave the organization. The knowledge that an employee is looking for a new position is vitally important information to a manager. The clues provided by the job-hunting employee can go a long way toward maintaining the stability of the work force and the effectiveness of the manager in achieving the goals of the organization. PMID:10127912

Wilson, C N; Moore, G B; Paulson, S K

1993-09-01

112

Combined effects of positive and negative affectivity and job satisfaction on job performance and turnover intentions.  

PubMed

Capturing data from employee-supervisor dyads (N = 321) from eight organizations in Pakistan, including human service organizations, an electronics assembly plant, a packaging material manufacturing company, and a small food processing plant, we used moderated regression analysis to examine whether the relationships between trait affect (positive affectivity [PA] and negative affectivity [NA]) and two key work outcome variables (job performance and turnover) are contingent upon the level of job satisfaction. We applied the Trait Activation Theory to explain the moderating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between affect and performance and between affect and turnover. Overall, the data supported our hypotheses. Positive and negative affectivity influenced performance and the intention to quit, and job satisfaction moderated these relationships. We discuss in detail the results of these findings and their implications for research and practice. PMID:23469474

Bouckenooghe, Dave; Raja, Usman; Butt, Arif Nazir

2013-01-01

113

Unemployment, Job Retention, and Productivity Loss Among Employees With Depression  

PubMed Central

Objective This study comprehensively assessed the work outcomes of employees with depression. Methods We collected baseline and six-month follow-up survey data from 229 employees with depression and two employee comparison groups: a group of healthy patients for the control group (N=173) and a group with rheumatoid arthritis (N=87), a frequent source of work disability. Outcomes included new unemployment and, within the employed subgroup, job retention (versus job turnover), presenteeism (that is, diminished on-the-job performance and productivity), and absenteeism. Results At the six-month follow-up, persons with depression had more new unemployment—14 percent for persons in the dysthymia group, 12 percent for persons in the major depression group, and 15 percent for persons in the group with both dysthymia and major depression, compared with 2 percent for persons in the control group and 3 percent for persons in the rheumatoid arthritis group. Among participants who were still employed, those with depression had significantly more job turnover, presenteeism, and absenteeism. Conclusions In addition to helping employees with depression obtain high-quality depression treatment, new interventions may be needed to help them to overcome the substantial job upheaval that this population experiences. PMID:15572564

Lerner, Debra; Adler, David A.; Chang, Hong; Lapitsky, Leueen; Hood, Maggie Y.; Perissinotto, Carla; Reed, John; McLaughlin, Thomas J.; Berndt, Ernst R.; Rogers, William H.

2014-01-01

114

Impact of organisational characteristics on turnover intention among care workers in nursing homes in Korea: a structural equation model.  

PubMed

Objective The aim of the present study was to analyse the impact of organisational characteristics on the turnover intention of care workers working at nursing homes in Korea. Methods Study participants included 504 care workers working at 14 nursing homes in Korea. The variables measured were: high-performance work practices, consisting of five subfactors (official training, employment stability, autonomy, employee participation and group-based payment); organisational commitment, consisting of three subfactors (affective, normative and continuance commitment); organisational support; and turnover intention. The inter-relationship between high-performance work practices, organisational support, organisational commitment and turnover intention and the fit of the hypothetical model were analysed using structural equation modelling. Results According to our analysis, high-performance work practices not only had a direct effect on turnover intention, but also an indirect effect by mediating organisational support and commitment. The factor having the largest direct influence on turnover intention was organisational commitment. Conclusions The results of the present study suggest that to improve health conditions for frail elderly patients at nursing homes, as well as the efficiency of nursing homes through the continuance of nursing service and enhancement of quality of service, long-term care facilities should reduce the turnover intention of care workers by increasing their organisational commitment by actively implementing high-performance work practices. What is known about the topic? Considerable studies have shown that the adoption of high-performance work practices is related to an organisation's performance and job satisfaction. In addition, previous studies found that job satisfaction is inversely related to the turnover intention of employees. What does this paper add? This paper identified that high-performance work practices are closely related to the turnover intention of care workers in nursing homes. These findings could improve our understanding of the factors that impact on labour management in nursing homes. What are the implications for practitioners? The turnover of care workers is one of the major managerial challenges for nursing home managers. The findings of this study suggest that managers should be focused on high-performance work practices to improve the efficiency of their organisations. PMID:24870928

Ha, Jong Goon; Man Kim, Ji; Hwang, Won Ju; Lee, Sang Gyu

2014-09-01

115

The kinematic signature of voluntary actions.  

PubMed

Research in the field of psychology and cognitive neuroscience has begun to explore the functional underpinnings of voluntary actions and how they differ from stimulus-driven actions. From these studies one can conclude that the two action modes differ with respect to their neural and behavioural correlates. So far, however, no study has investigated whether the voluntary and stimulus-driven actions also differ in terms of motor programming. We report two experiments in which participants had to perform either voluntary or stimulus-driven reach-to-grasp actions upon the same stimulus. Using kinematic methods, in Experiment 1 we obtained evidence that voluntary actions and stimulus-driven actions translate into differential movement patterns. Results for Experiments 2 suggest that selecting what to do, when to act, and whether to act are characterized by specific kinematic signatures and affect different aspects of the reach-to-grasp movement in a selective fashion. These findings add to current models of volition suggesting that voluntary action control results from an interplay of dissociable subfunctions related to specific decision components: what action execute, when to execute an action, and whether to execute any action. PMID:25264611

Becchio, Cristina; Zanatto, Debora; Straulino, Elisa; Cavallo, Andrea; Sartori, Giuseppe; Castiello, Umberto

2014-10-01

116

Voluntary attention increases perceived spatial frequency  

PubMed Central

Voluntary covert attention selects relevant sensory information for prioritized processing. The behavioral and neural consequences of such selection have been extensively documented, but its phenomenology has received little empirical investigation. Involuntary attention increases perceived spatial frequency (Gobell & Carrasco, 2005), but involuntary attention can differ from voluntary attention in its effects on performance in tasks mediated by spatial resolution (Yeshurun, Montagna, & Carrasco, 2008). Therefore, we ask whether voluntary attention affects the subjective appearance of spatial frequency—a fundamental dimension of visual perception underlying spatial resolution. We used a demanding rapid serial visual presentation task to direct voluntary attention and measured perceived spatial frequency at the attended and unattended locations. Attention increased the perceived spatial frequency of suprathreshold stimuli and also improved performance on a concurrent orientation discrimination task. In the control experiment, we ruled out response bias as an alternative account by using a lengthened interstimulus interval, which allows observers to disengage attention from the cued location. In contrast to the main experiment, the observers showed neither increased perceived spatial frequency nor improved orientation discrimination at the attended location. Thus, this study establishes that voluntary attention increases perceived spatial frequency. This phenomenological consequence links behavioral and neurophysiological studies on the effects of attention. PMID:20675797

Abrams, Jared; Barbot, Antoine; Carrasco, Marisa

2010-01-01

117

Turnover of plasma cholesterol in man  

PubMed Central

Cholesterol-4-14C was injected intravenously into a series of normal men, untreated hyperlipidemic patients, and hyperlipidemic patients being treated with cholestyramine. The specific radioactivity of plasma total cholesterol was measured during the ensuing 10 wk. 16 studies were carried out in 10 subjects. Analysis of the turnover curves of plasma cholesterol revealed that in every study the turnover of plasma cholesterol conformed to a two-pool model. Each turnover curve was analyzed in terms of this model, as expressed by the equation: specific activity = CAe-?t + CBe-?t. The parameters which were calculated included the constants CA, CB, ?, and ?; the size of the first pool (MA); the rate constants for the total rate of removal of cholesterol from each pool (kAA and kBB); and the production rate in pool A (PRA). In two normal men and five untreated patients the average size of pool A was 25g. The effect of cholestyramine was assessed by comparing the results obtained without therapy with those obtained during therapy in five subjects studied under both conditions. Cholestyramine therapy produced a large increase in PRA (from 0.98 to 1.98 g/day) and in the rate of removal of cholesterol from pool A. Cholestyramine did not significantly alter the size of pool A. It is not possible to calculate the size of the total body exchangeable pool of cholesterol from the turnover curve of plasma cholesterol. It is also not possible to calculate the metabolic turnover rate, i.e., the rate of cholesterol degradation and excretion, in the whole body. This parameter can, however, be estimated by assuming that cholesterol is removed from the body only by way of the tissue pools that comprise pool A. Under these conditions the metabolic turnover rate is equal to the production rate in pool A. PMID:12066772

Goodman, DeWitt S.; Noble, Robert P.

1968-01-01

118

A longitudinal investigation of workplace bullying, basic need satisfaction, and employee functioning.  

PubMed

Drawing on self-determination theory, this study proposes and tests a model investigating the role of basic psychological need satisfaction in relation to workplace bullying and employee functioning (burnout, work engagement, and turnover intention). For this study, data were collected at 2 time points, over a 12-month period, from a sample of 699 nurses. The results from cross-lagged analyses support the proposed model. Results show that workplace bullying thwarts the satisfaction of employees' basic psychological needs and fosters burnout 12 months later. In addition, when taking into account the cross-lagged effect of workplace bullying on employee functioning, basic need satisfaction fosters work engagement and hinders turnover intention over time. Implications for workplace bullying research and managerial practices are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25151460

Trépanier, Sarah-Geneviève; Fernet, Claude; Austin, Stéphanie

2015-01-01

119

Voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Voluntary Reporting Program for greenhouse gases is part of an attempt by the U.S. Government to develop innovative, low-cost, and nonregulatory approaches to limit emissions of greenhouse gases. It is one element in an array of such programs introduced in recent years as part of the effort being made by the United States to comply with its national commitment to stabilize emissions of greenhouse gases under the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Voluntary Reporting Program, developed pursuant to Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, permits corporations, government agencies, households, and voluntary organizations to report to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) on actions taken that have reduced or avoided emissions of greenhouse gases.

NONE

1996-07-01

120

Theme: Employee Ownership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Introduction" (Gordon); "Employee Ownership: Opportunities for Unions" (Blasi, Kruse); "Participation, Control, and Performance" (Rosen); Beyond the Contract: Taking on Ownership" (Mackin); "Worker Participation on Boards of Directors" (Hammer); and "Case Study of Employee Ownership and Governance in the Shipbuilding and Maritime…

Gordon, Michael E.; And Others

1991-01-01

121

Quantification of isotopic turnover in agricultural systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The isotopic turnover, which is a proxy for the metabolic rate, is gaining scientific importance. It is quantified for an increasing range of organisms, from microorganisms over plants to animals including agricultural livestock. Additionally, the isotopic turnover is analyzed on different scales, from organs to organisms to ecosystems and even to the biosphere. In particular, the quantification of the isotopic turnover of specific tissues within the same organism, e.g. organs like liver and muscle and products like milk and faeces, has brought new insights to improve understanding of nutrient cycles and fluxes, respectively. Thus, the knowledge of isotopic turnover is important in many areas, including physiology, e.g. milk synthesis, ecology, e.g. soil retention time of water, and medical science, e.g. cancer diagnosis. So far, the isotopic turnover is quantified by applying time, cost and expertise intensive tracer experiments. Usually, this comprises two isotopic equilibration periods. A first equilibration period with a constant isotopic input signal is followed by a second equilibration period with a distinct constant isotopic input signal. This yields a smooth signal change from the first to the second signal in the object under consideration. This approach reveals at least three major problems. (i) The input signals must be controlled isotopically, which is almost impossible in many realistic cases like free ranging animals. (ii) Both equilibration periods may be very long, especially when the turnover rate of the object under consideration is very slow, which aggravates the first problem. (iii) The detection of small or slow pools is improved by large isotopic signal changes, but large isotopic changes also involve a considerable change in the input material; e.g. animal studies are usually carried out as diet-switch experiments, where the diet is switched between C3 and C4 plants, since C3 and C4 plants differ strongly in their isotopic signal. The additional change in nutrition induces changes in physiology that are likely to bias the estimation of the isotopic turnover. We designed an experiment with lactating cows which were successively exposed to the diet's natural isotopic variation and a diet-switch. We examined whether the same turnover information can be obtained from the natural (uncontrolled, short-term) isotopic variation as from the diet-switch experiment. Statistical methods to retrieve the turnover characteristics comprised multi-pool compartmental modeling for the diet-switch experiment as well as correlation analysis to perform wiggle-matching and quantification of autocorrelation (geostatistics) for the analysis of the natural variation. All three methods yielded similar results but differed in their strengths and weaknesses that will be highlighted. Combining the strengths of the new methods can make this tool even more advantageous than diet-switch experiments in many cases. In particular, the new approach empowers studying isotope turnover under a wider range of keepings, wildlife conditions and species, yielding turnover estimates that are not biased by changes in nutrition.

Braun, A.; Auerswald, K.; Schnyder, H.

2012-04-01

122

77 FR 55487 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Voluntary Customer Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...information. Title: Voluntary Customer Survey. OMB Number: 1651-0135. Abstract...plans to conduct a customer survey of international travelers seeking entry into the...entry. This voluntary customer survey will be conducted using...

2012-09-10

123

75 FR 27563 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...collection: Title: Voluntary Customer Survey. OMB Number: Will be assigned...plans to conduct a customer survey of international travelers seeking entry into the...entry. This voluntary customer survey will be conducted through...

2010-05-17

124

77 FR 36566 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...collection: Title: Voluntary Customer Survey. OMB Number: 1651-0135. Abstract...plans to conduct a customer survey of international travelers seeking entry into the...entry. This voluntary customer survey will be conducted using...

2012-06-19

125

75 FR 47607 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...information. Title: Voluntary Customer Survey. OMB Number: Will be assigned...plans to conduct a customer survey of international travelers seeking entry into the...entry. This voluntary customer survey will be conducted through...

2010-08-06

126

26 CFR 31.3402(p)-1 - Voluntary withholding agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Voluntary withholding agreements. 31.3402(p)-1 Section 31.3402(p)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. (a)...

2011-04-01

127

26 CFR 31.3402(p)-1 - Voluntary withholding agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Voluntary withholding agreements. 31.3402(p)-1 Section 31.3402(p)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. (a)...

2013-04-01

128

26 CFR 31.3402(p)-1 - Voluntary withholding agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Voluntary withholding agreements. 31.3402(p)-1 Section 31.3402(p)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. (a)...

2014-04-01

129

26 CFR 31.3402(p)-1 - Voluntary withholding agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Voluntary withholding agreements. 31.3402(p)-1 Section 31.3402(p)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. (a)...

2010-04-01

130

26 CFR 31.3402(p)-1 - Voluntary withholding agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Voluntary withholding agreements. 31.3402(p)-1 Section 31.3402(p)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. (a)...

2012-04-01

131

75 FR 57281 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary delisting AGENCY...voluntary relinquishment from the Florida Patient Safety Corporation of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient...

2010-09-20

132

National Voluntary Environmental Assessment Information System (NVEAIS) Notice of Participation  

E-print Network

Voluntary Environmental Assessment Information System (NVEAIS) Notice of Participation This document identifies the agency/program and personnel participating in the National Voluntary Environmental Assessment all foodborne illness outbreak environmental assessment data into the NVEAIS. Information collected

133

47 CFR 80.1151 - Voluntary radio operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Voluntary radio operations. 80.1151 Section 80...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General § 80.1151...

2010-10-01

134

Industrial substation commissioning and turnover planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The commissioning and turnover of an industrial substation from construction through normal operation requires a significant planning effort. This paper is a guide for planning the commissioning of a substation in a safe and timely manner. The guide recommends defining the safe work practices that will be used during commissioning, writing switching procedures for the energization and live tests and

J. Bowen

1998-01-01

135

Director Turnover: An Australian Academic Development Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it can be argued that directors of central academic development units (ADUs) are critical to the implementation of university teaching and learning strategies, it would appear there is a high director turnover rate. While research in the USA, the UK, and Australia illustrates that ADUs are frequently closed or restructured, that research…

Fraser, Kym; Ryan, Yoni

2012-01-01

136

Home Visitor Job Satisfaction and Turnover.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes findings of a 3-year study of the job satisfaction and turnover of home visitors, both professional and paraprofessional, in programs which link families-at-risk for impaired functioning to medical home care and other resources. Specifically, the study examined: (1) home visitor personal characteristics that influence…

Buchbinder, Sharon B.; Duggan, Anne K.; Young, Elizabeth; Fuddy, Loretta; Sia, Cal

137

Voluntary disclosure in Malaysian corporate annual reports: views of stakeholders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify “qualitative” factors influencing voluntary information disclosure in annual reports. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Semi-structured interviews were held with twenty-seven market participants in Malaysia to elicit opinions on issues related to voluntary information disclosure. Findings – Analysis of interview responses revealed that factors influencing voluntary disclosure in annual reports include the quality of

Nazli A. Mohd Ghazali

2008-01-01

138

47 CFR 80.310 - Watch required by voluntary vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz...Voluntary vessels equipped with VHF-DSC equipment must maintain a watch on 2182...Voluntary vessels equipped with MF-HF DSC equipment must have the radio turned...

2010-10-01

139

78 FR 69793 - Voluntary Remedial Actions and Guidelines for Voluntary Recall Notices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...provides that the Commission's Spanish translation of a press release should be used on...the Commission's discretion, such translations are necessary or appropriate to adequately...public. Such voluntary recall notice translations should be transmitted in the same...

2013-11-21

140

Voluntary Flammability Regulations for Residential Upholstered Furniture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides merchandising, housing, and design professionals, as well as educators, with a clear understanding of the program objectives and development of the Upholstered Furniture Action Council (UFAC), an industry-driven voluntary product safety association. The central mission of UFAC is to conduct research on cigarette-ignition…

Waxman, Lisa K.; Moore, Mary Ann; Fox, Amy

2008-01-01

141

Voluntary Incentive Design for Endangered Species Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Herein we examine the theory and practical limits of designing a voluntary incentive scheme to protect endangered species on private land. We consider both an ex-ante scheme, in which a contract to the landholder depends only on what the landholder reports, and an ex-post scheme, in which a contract to the landholder depends on reports from all landowners. Except in

Rodney B. W. Smith; Jason F. Shogren

2002-01-01

142

A Phenomenographical Study of Voluntary Digital Exclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally scholars have used the digital divide and technology acceptance model definitions when examining why some people elect not to use certain information and communications technologies. When examining the phenomenon referred to as voluntary digital exclusion, the use of these classic definitions is woefully inadequate. They do not…

Anderson, Derrick L.

2012-01-01

143

Evaluating Voluntary Climate Programs in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Voluntary programs,are playing an increasingly important role in environmentalmanagement., Despite their growing importance, however, they have been subject to limited evaluation. As is well known, program evaluation in the absence of randomizedexperiments is difficult because the decision to participate may not be random and, in particular, may be correlated with the outcomes. The present research is designed to overcome

Richard Morgenstern; William A. Pizer

2007-01-01

144

Voluntary Organizations: Commitment, Leadership, and Organizational Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary organizations offer a unique opportunity to interpret participant relationships, leadership influences, and organizational effectiveness unencumbered by employment relationships. Regardless of organizational structure or purpose, all organizations are affected to some degree by their leadership and their membership. Based on the…

Ekeland, Terry P.

2004-01-01

145

Effects of adenosine 5?-monophosphate on epidermal turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structure and function of the epidermis is maintained by cell renewal based on epidermal turnover. Epidermal turnover\\u000a is delayed by aging, and it is thought that the delay of the epidermal turnover is a cause of aging alternation of skin. The\\u000a epidermal turnover is related to the energy metabolism of epidermal basal cells. Adenosine 5?-triphosphate (ATP) is needed\\u000a for

Fukumi Furukawa; Shoko Kanehara; Fumiki Harano; Shigeo Shinohara; Junko Kamimura; Shigekatsu Kawabata; Sachiyo Igarashi; Mitsuaki Kawamura; Yuki Yamamoto; Yoshiki Miyachi

2008-01-01

146

Employee Replacement Costs  

E-print Network

labor cost function using United Kingdom Institute for Personnel Development datadata set to a spurious positive association between the wage and labor costs.data for a single company (International Harvester) and reported estimates of turnover costs as 7.3 percent of total labor

Dube, Arindrajit; Freeman, Eric; Reich, Michael

2010-01-01

147

Lipid Turnover in Alcoholics Before and After an Ethanol Load  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol ingestion decreases plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) and lipid oxidation. This study was conducted to determine palmitate turnover in alcoholics during a short abstinence period and after an ethanol load and in a group of nonalcoholic control subjects, looking for correlations between palmitate turnover, FFA, acetate, and acetoacetate\\/? hydroxybutyrate ratio (AKBR). Palmitate C14 turnover was studied in five alcoholics

Sandra Hirsch; M. Pía de la Maza; Margarita Petermann; Daniel Bunout

1998-01-01

148

Salary and Ranking and Teacher Turnover: A Statewide Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined three years of data obtained from the Academic Excellence Indicator System of the State of Texas regarding teacher turnover rate and teacher salary. Across all public school districts, teacher salary was consistently negatively related to teacher turnover; that is, where salary was lower, turnover rate was higher When data were…

Garcia, Cynthia Martinez; Slate, John R.; Delgado, Carmen Tejeda

2009-01-01

149

Employees Who Use Wheelchairs  

MedlinePLUS

... grooming, and eating Allow the person to take periodic rest breaks for repositioning, toileting, or grooming needs ... an adjustable keyboard tray. The employer also allowed periodic rest breaks and moved the employee closer to ...

150

CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AWARD  

E-print Network

Joan Nelson #12;1997 CLASSIFIED EMPLOYEE RECOGNITION AWARD Teresa Benedict Brett Giles Nick Miller Jerry Reese Jane Spagnola Sandra Stewart Debbie Thurman MANAGEMENT SERVICE RECOGNITION AWARD Sharon Fox

Oregon, University of

151

Sexual Harassment by School Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph was designed to assist school attorneys, school board members, and administrators in their efforts to prevent, respond to, and defend against claims of sexual harassment by employees. It includes discussion of the law relating to harassment of employees by other employees and employee harassment of students. Practical advice is…

Borkowski, John W.; Brown, Lisa A.; Dodge, Jean Arnold; Ford, Tonya L.; Hoffman, Adam; Jacobs, Jennifer W.; Jaffe, Geraldine; Krent, Nancy Fredman; Schwartz, Richard A.; Shaw, Brian C.; Sneed, Maree

152

Replicator dynamics with turnover of players  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study adaptive dynamics in games where players abandon the population at a given rate and are replaced by naive players characterized by a prior distribution over the admitted strategies. We demonstrate how such a process leads macroscopically to a variant of the replicator equation, with an additional term accounting for player turnover. We study how Nash equilibria and the dynamics of the system are modified by this additional term for prototypical examples such as the rock-paper-scissors game and different classes of two-action games played between two distinct populations. We conclude by showing how player turnover can account for nontrivial departures from Nash equilibria observed in data from lowest unique bid auctions.

Juul, Jeppe; Kianercy, Ardeshir; Bernhardsson, Sebastian; Pigolotti, Simone

2013-08-01

153

Chronic Teacher Turnover in Urban Elementary Schools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Education Policy Analysis Archives is well regarded for its peer-reviewed articles that deal with a broad range of topics related to education policy, ranging from articles on college graduation rates to developing culturally sensitive teaching materials. One of the most recent articles will be of great interest to those with an interest in the problem of teacher turnover and attrition in urban elementary schools. This 30-page paper from August 2004 was authored by Kacey Guin, a researcher at the Center on Reinventing Public Education at the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington. The study presented here examines the "characteristics of elementary schools that experience chronic teacher turnover" and also makes several interesting policy suggestions, including the contention that school districts should provide effective incentive programs so that high quality teachers will remain in low-performing schools.

154

Policy burdens, firm performance, and management turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lin, Cai, and Li [Lin, Y., Cai, F., Li, Z., 1998. Competition, policy burdens, and state-owned enterprise reform. American Economic Review 88, 422–327] argue that under information asymmetry, SOE managers can use state-imposed policy burdens as excuses of poor performance and make the State accountable for it. The argument implies that turnover–performance sensitivity of SOEs decreases as policy burdens increase

Guanmin LIAO; Xin CHEN; Xin JING; Jianfei SUN

2009-01-01

155

Turnover of soil monosaccharides: Recycling versus Stabilization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil organic matter (SOM) represents a mixture of differently degradable compounds. Each of these compounds are characterised by different dynamics due to different chemical recalcitrance, transformation or stabilisation processes in soil. Carbohydrates represent one of these compounds and contribute up to 25 % to the soil organic matter. Vascular plants are the main source of pentose sugars (Arabinose and Xylose), whereas hexoses (Galactose and Mannose) are primarily produced by microorganisms. Several studies suggest that the mean turnover times of the carbon in soil sugars are similar to the turnover dynamics of the bulk carbon in soil. The aim of the study is to characterise the influence of stabilisation and turnover of soil carbohydrates. Soil samples are collected from (i) a continuous maize cropping experiment ('Höhere Landbauschule' Rotthalmünster, Bavaria) established 1979 on a Stagnic Luvisol and (ii) from a continuous wheat cropping, established 1969, as reference site. The effect of stabilisation is estimated by the comparison of turnover times of microbial and plant derived soil carbohydrates. As the dynamics of plant derived carbohydrate are solely influenced by stabilisation processes, whereas the dynamics of microbial derived carbohydrates are affected by recycling of organic carbon compounds derived by C3 plant substrate as well as stabilisation processes. The compound specific isotopic analysis (CSIA) of soil carbohydrates was performed using a HPLC/o/IRMS system. The chromatographic and mass spectrometric subunits were coupled with a LC-Isolink interface. Soil sugars were extracted after mild hydrolysis using 4 M trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Chromatographic separation of the sugars was achieved using a low strength 0.25 mM NaOH solution as mobile phase at a ?ow rate of 250 ?L min-1 at 10 ° C.

Basler, Anna; Dyckmans, Jens

2014-05-01

156

Radiographic measurement of bone turnover: microfocal radiography  

Microsoft Academic Search

The radiograph is a shadow image of the X-ray beam as it passes through a bone. Variations in mineral content or subtle changes\\u000a in the shape or contour of the tissue can indicate either an increase or loss of mineral consistent with alterations in bone\\u000a turnover. The ability of standard X-ray units to detect such changes is limited by the

J. Chris Buckland-Wright; John A. Lynch

157

Voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases 1997  

SciTech Connect

The Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, required by Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, records the results of voluntary measures to reduce, avoid, or sequester greenhouse gas emissions. In 1998, 156 US companies and other organizations reported to the Energy information Administration that, during 1997, they had achieved greenhouse gas emission reductions and carbon sequestration equivalent to 166 million tons of carbon dioxide, or about 2.5% of total US emissions for the year. For the 1,229 emission reduction projects reported, reductions usually were measured by comparing an estimate of actual emissions with an estimate of what emissions would have been had the project not been implemented.

NONE

1999-05-01

158

Health and turnover of working mothers after childbirth via the work-family interface: an analysis across time.  

PubMed

This study examined organizational levers that impact work-family experiences, participant health, and subsequent turnover. Using a sample of 179 women returning to full-time work 4 months after childbirth, we examined the associations of 3 job resources (job security, skill discretion, and schedule control) with work-to-family enrichment and the associations of 2 job demands (psychological requirements and nonstandard work schedules) with work-to-family conflict. Further, we considered subsequent impact of work-to-family conflict and enrichment on women's health (physical and mental health) 8 months after women returned to work and the impact of health on voluntary turnover 12 months after women returned to work. Having a nonstandard work schedule was directly and positively related to conflict, whereas schedule control buffered the effect of psychological requirements on conflict. Skill discretion and job security, both job resources, directly and positively related to enrichment. Work-to-family conflict was negatively related to both physical and mental health, but work-to-family enrichment positively predicted only physical health. Physical health and mental health both negatively influenced turnover. We discuss implications and opportunities for future research. PMID:21604833

Carlson, Dawn S; Grzywacz, Joseph G; Ferguson, Merideth; Hunter, Emily M; Clinch, C Randall; Arcury, Thomas A

2011-09-01

159

Antecedents of Employee Lateness  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Lateness behavior can be described as arriving at work after the scheduled time (Shafritz, 1980). Typically, lateness is addressed in the literature as a withdrawal behavior, a category that includes absence and turnover\\u000a as well (Herzberg, Maunser, Peterson, & Capwell, 1957; Mobley, 1987). Compared to the latter behaviors, lateness is a milder form of withdrawal; not every case of late

Abraham Sagie; Meni Koslowsky; Yair Amichai Hamburger

160

Voluntary Green Power Market Forecast through 2015  

SciTech Connect

Various factors influence the development of the voluntary 'green' power market--the market in which consumers purchase or produce power from non-polluting, renewable energy sources. These factors include climate policies, renewable portfolio standards (RPS), renewable energy prices, consumers' interest in purchasing green power, and utilities' interest in promoting existing programs and in offering new green options. This report presents estimates of voluntary market demand for green power through 2015 that were made using historical data and three scenarios: low-growth, high-growth, and negative-policy impacts. The resulting forecast projects the total voluntary demand for renewable energy in 2015 to range from 63 million MWh annually in the low case scenario to 157 million MWh annually in the high case scenario, representing an approximately 2.5-fold difference. The negative-policy impacts scenario reflects a market size of 24 million MWh. Several key uncertainties affect the results of this forecast, including uncertainties related to growth assumptions, the impacts that policy may have on the market, the price and competitiveness of renewable generation, and the level of interest that utilities have in offering and promoting green power products.

Bird, L.; Holt, E.; Sumner, J.; Kreycik, C.

2010-05-01

161

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions: Voluntary reporting  

SciTech Connect

The Voluntary Reporting Program, developed pursuant to Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, permits corporations, government agencies, households, and voluntary organizations to report on their emissions of greenhouse gases, and on actions taken that have reduced or avoided emissions or sequestered carbon, to the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This, the second annual report of the Voluntary Reporting Program, describes information provided by the participating organizations on their aggregate emissions and emissions reductions, as well as their emissions reduction or avoidance projects, through 1995. This information has been compiled into a database that includes reports from 142 organizations and descriptions of 967 projects that either reduced greenhouse gas emissions or sequestered carbon. Fifty-one reporters also provided estimates of emissions, and emissions reductions achieved, for their entire organizations. The projects described actions taken to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide from energy production and use; to reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions from energy use, waste management, and agricultural processes; to reduce emissions of halocarbons, such as CFCs and their replacements; and to increase carbon sequestration.

NONE

1997-10-01

162

Exploratory study of understanding hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues. In-depth interviews and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the data. Factor analysis discovered seven factors: (1) enough time-off from work; (2) workplace support on work–life balance; (3) allegiance to work; (4) flexibility on work schedule; (5) life orientation; (6) voluntary reduction of contracted hours to cater for personal needs;

Simon Chak-keung Wong; Annie Ko

2009-01-01

163

Mitochondrial protein turnover: methods to measure turnover rates on a large scale.  

PubMed

Mitochondrial proteins carry out diverse cellular functions including ATP synthesis, ion homeostasis, cell death signaling, and fatty acid metabolism and biogenesis. Compromised mitochondrial quality control is implicated in various human disorders including cardiac diseases. Recently it has emerged that mitochondrial protein turnover can serve as an informative cellular parameter to characterize mitochondrial quality and uncover disease mechanisms. The turnover rate of a mitochondrial protein reflects its homeostasis and dynamics under the quality control systems acting on mitochondria at a particular cell state. This review article summarizes some recent advances and outstanding challenges for measuring the turnover rates of mitochondrial proteins in health and disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Mitochondria: From Basic Mitochondrial Biology to Cardiovascular Disease". PMID:25451168

Chan, X'avia C Y; Black, Caitlin M; Lin, Amanda J; Ping, Peipei; Lau, Edward

2015-01-01

164

A threat-appraisal perspective on employees' fears about antisocial workplace behavior.  

PubMed

This article uses a threat-appraisal model to examine the antecedents and consequences of antisocial behavior in an urban public school system. Teachers (compared with nonteachers) and middle and high school employees (compared with elementary school employees) reported higher levels of exposure to and fears about antisocial behavior. A path analysis demonstrated that threat appraisals partially mediate the relationship between antisocial behavior and job satisfaction and indirectly affect turnover intentions. These effects were consistent across high- and low-contact job types and across elementary, middle, and high school employees. The authors used the threat-appraisal model to describe the consequences of different interventions and found empirical evidence for employee voice and security measures as intervening variables. PMID:11827232

Sinclair, Robert R; Martin, James E; Croll, Lee W

2002-01-01

165

A Supervisor like Me: Race, Representation, and the Satisfaction and Turnover Decisions of Public Sector Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of race representation in public organizations illustrate the importance of bureaucrat race in determining client-level outcomes. Building "upward" from this research, this study examines how supervisor race impacts outcomes for street-level bureaucrats using data from a nationally representative sample of public schools. Employing…

Grissom, Jason A.; Keiser, Lael R.

2011-01-01

166

Relations of Job Characteristics From Multiple Data Sources With Employee Affect, Absence, Turnover Intentions, and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the evidence in support of job characteristics theory is limited to incumbent reports of job characteristics. In this study, job characteristics data from three independent sources—incumbents, ratings from job descriptions, and the Dictionary of Occupational Titles—were used. Convergent validities of incumbent reports with other sources were quite modest. Although incumbent reports of job characteristics correlated significantly with several

Paul E. Spector; Steve M. Jex

1991-01-01

167

Current State of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Market (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation highlights the status of the voluntary green power market in 2012. The voluntary green power market totaled more than 48 million MWh in 2012, with about 1.9 million customers participating. The supply continues to be dominated by wind, though solar is increasing its share of utility green pricing programs. Prices for voluntary renewable energy certificates (RECs) increased to above $1/MWh.

Heeter, J.

2013-09-01

168

The Voluntary and the Involunatry in Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics  

E-print Network

THE VOLUNTARY AND THE INVOLUNTARY IN ARISTOTLE'S NICOMACHEAN ETHICS Robert Hadley Hall In what follows I shall be concerned with Aristotle's voluntary/involuntary distinction as it is presented in the Nicomachean Ethics. In particular, I... will first point out that Aristotle has several criteria for making the distinction. Second, I will suggest that, despite the deficiencies of these criteria, Aristotle does offer, though implicitly, an account of the voluntary/ involuntary distinction...

Hall, Robert Hadley

169

Employee Attitudes toward an Internal Employee Assistance Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys employees (N=16,603) who had used a large multinational company's employee assistance program (EAP), adult dependents who had used the EAP, employees who had not used the EAP, and adult dependents who had not used the EAP. Findings indicate that EAP users viewed the EAP more positively than nonusers. (Author/MKA)

Harlow, Kirk C.

1998-01-01

170

Job and industry turnover for registered and licensed vocational nurses.  

PubMed

Most studies of nurse turnover focus on job turnover, which could reflect nurse advancement and thus not be detrimental to the workforce. The authors discuss findings from a study that involved 2 cohorts of graduates from registered nursing and licensed vocational nursing community college programs in California. The duration of employment in the healthcare industry, as well as with specific employers, is tracked, lending a more thorough analysis of nursing job and industry turnover than found in other studies. PMID:18791420

Spetz, Joanne; Rickles, Jordan; Chapman, Susan; Ong, Paul M

2008-09-01

171

The influence of ethical climate on marketing employees' job attitudes and behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, two data sets were used to test the validity of the Babin, Boles, and Robin (Babin BJ, Boles JS, Robin DP. Representing the perceived ethical work climate among marketing employees. J Acad Mark Sci 2000;28(3):345–358.) measure of ethical work climate and its relationship with role stress, pay satisfaction, supervisor satisfaction, organizational commitment, performance, and turnover. The results

James B. DeConinck

2010-01-01

172

Health Resources Employee Assistance Program  

E-print Network

· Exercise Mental - Cognitive Stress · Meditation · Hatha Yoga · Deep Breathing with Visualization · Active attention · Hatha Yoga SSTRESSTRESS MMANAGEMENTANAGEMENT Types of Stress & Relaxation TechniquesHealth Resources Employee Assistance Program Managing Stress Useful Information For Employees

Fraden, Seth

173

TEMPORARY HOURLY EMPLOYEE GENERAL INFORMATION  

E-print Network

in the CEMML office no later than 48 hours before an employee may start working. Liability insurance coverage/Equal Opportunity Employer." Advertising for hourly employee positions is typically done locally. However

174

Employee guide to respiratory protection  

SciTech Connect

This employee guide discusses use of respiratory protective equipment for particulates, gases, vapors, supplied air, and self-contained breathing apparatus. It also covers equipment selection medical factors, fitting criteria; care; and employee responsibilities. (PSB)

Wright, E.M.

1982-01-01

175

Human resource management, high performer turnover, and firm performance.  

E-print Network

?? This dissertation includes three separate but interrelated papers. I attempt to examine the relationships among human resource systems, high performers' organizational commitment and turnover,… (more)

Kwon, Ki-Wook

2009-01-01

176

Employee Retraining Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reports on a survey of 64 human resources managers. Forty-eight percent of the respondents indicated that their organizations had some type of retraining program. Topics covered include (1) retraining topics, (2) employee types, (3) program content, (4) trainee scheduling, (5) completion rates, (6) payment, and (7) program success. (CH)

Blocklyn, Paul L.

1988-01-01

177

Employees on the Move!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a method for designing, implementing, and evaluating a work-site physical activity campaign aimed at employees who are currently sedentary in their leisure time. Inactivity is a major but modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease. Increasing the activity levels of underactive adults would have a positive impact on…

Levin, Sarah

178

[Granulocyte turnover in advanced Hodgkin's disease].  

PubMed

In 30 adult patients with III and IV Hodgkin's disease the studies of granulocytic turnover were performed. Bone marrow storage pool was measured by hydrocortisone test. Total blood granulocyte pool was judged by the estimation of muramidase activity and serum unsaturated vitamin B12 binding capacity. The epinephrine test was used for the marginated granulocyte pool determination. The circulating granulocyte pool was calculated from the count of granulocytes in the samples of venous blood. The tissue mobilization of granulocytes was measured by Senn's et al. method. After hydrocortisone application the releasing of the mature granulocytes from the bone-marrow was significantly lower in patients with Hodgkin's disease than in controls. The circulating and marginated pools of granulocytes in Hodgkin's disease did not differ from the normal persons. The tissue migration of granulocytes was decreased in patients with Hodgkin's disease. It is concluded that these abnormalities of granulocytic turnover in advanced Hodgkin's disease may be considered to be an additional cause of the defence mechanism in this disease. PMID:7314751

Prazmowska-Owczarek, B; Hansz, J

1981-09-15

179

Dynamics of Adipocyte Turnover in Humans  

SciTech Connect

Obesity is increasing in an epidemic fashion in most countries and constitutes a public health problem by enhancing the risk for cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes. Owing to the increase in obesity, life expectancy may start to decrease in developed countries for the first time in recent history. The factors determining fat mass in adult humans are not fully understood, but increased lipid storage in already developed fat cells is thought to be most important. We show that adipocyte number is a major determinant for the fat mass in adults. However, the number of fat cells stays constant in adulthood in lean and obese and even under extreme conditions, indicating that the number of adipocytes is set during childhood and adolescence. To establish the dynamics within the stable population of adipocytes in adults, we have measured adipocyte turnover by analyzing the integration of {sup 14}C derived from nuclear bomb tests in genomic DNA. Approximately 10% of fat cells are renewed annually at all adult ages and levels of body mass index. Neither adipocyte death nor generation rate is altered in obesity, suggesting a tight regulation of fat cell number that is independent of metabolic profile in adulthood. The high turnover of adipocytes establishes a new therapeutic target for pharmacological intervention in obesity.

Spalding, K; Arner, E; Westermark, P; Bernard, S; Buchholz, B; Bergmann, O; Blomqvist, L; Hoffstedt, J; Naslund, E; Britton, T; Concha, H; Hassan, M; Ryden, M; Frisen, J; Arner, P

2007-07-16

180

42 CFR 137.204 - How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? 137.204 Section...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? IHS will work...annual voluntary uniform subset of data that is consistent with...

2012-10-01

181

42 CFR 137.204 - How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? 137.204 Section...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? IHS will work...annual voluntary uniform subset of data that is consistent with...

2014-10-01

182

42 CFR 137.204 - How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? 137.204 Section...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? IHS will work...annual voluntary uniform subset of data that is consistent with...

2010-10-01

183

42 CFR 137.204 - How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? 137.204 Section...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? IHS will work...annual voluntary uniform subset of data that is consistent with...

2011-10-01

184

42 CFR 137.204 - How will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? 137.204 Section...will this voluntary national uniform data set be developed? IHS will work...annual voluntary uniform subset of data that is consistent with...

2013-10-01

185

77 FR 15352 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Expanding Incentives for Voluntary Conservation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Expanding Incentives for Voluntary Conservation Actions Under the Endangered Species...landowners and others to take voluntary conservation actions to benefit species that may...that the benefits of such voluntary conservation actions will be recognized as...

2012-03-15

186

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2011-01-01

187

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2013-01-01

188

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... true Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2014-01-01

189

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2012-01-01

190

40 CFR 90.1203 - Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. 90.1203 Section 90.1203...BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Voluntary In-Use Testing § 90.1203 Voluntary Manufacturer In-Use Testing Program. (a) Manufacturers may...

2010-07-01

191

Brain potentials related to voluntary sustained effort.  

PubMed

The task of the present study was the investigation of the brain potentials while performing a complex motor task, including voluntary sustained contraction (thumb opposition to the index finger). The fast press of a transducer was sustained for periods of 1.5, 5 or 10 seconds, followed by fast release. Potentials related to the start of the contraction were registered (Bereitschaftspotential, N2, etc.) with considerable interindividual variability. The end of the contraction was preceded, too, by a slow potential, similar to Bereitschaftspotential, with prevailing positivity over frontal areas and negativity over postcentral areas; N2 at the release was well expressed, regardless of the polarity of the preceding slow potential. During the sustained contraction a steady positivity was registered. The presence of potentials related to the start as well as to the end of the voluntary effort suggests the existence of two separate commands. The positivity sustained throughout the contraction, strongly expressed frontally and decreasing postcentrally, implies a decisive role for central processes including the organization and preprogramming of the motor task, but not direct reflection of feedback kinaesthetic afferentation. PMID:7185259

Ganchev, G; Popivanov, D; Dimitrov, B

1982-01-01

192

Leaders, managers, and employee care.  

PubMed

With the economic and market changes currently taking place, organizations cannot survive or prosper without quality employees. Key to employee loyalty, performance, and retention is the relationship between the leader, manager, and employee. Leaders are visionaries who make sure that the right things are done for the organization. Managers are in a position to make sure that things are done right within the organization. There are traits and qualities that good leaders and managers must possess to ensure organizational success. Displaying these characteristics will ensure that employees are taken care of, which will benefit both the employees and the organization. PMID:22282003

Stewart, Della W

2012-01-01

193

A SIMPLE MODEL OF VOLUNTARY VS MANDATORY LABELLING OF GMOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the welfare impact of the mandatory and voluntary labelling to inform consumers on GMOs content in foods. With a model of vertical differentiation in competitive markets, we evaluate the effects on price equilibrium and welfare levels. We find that the mandatory labelling scheme would be optimal in those countries with more GMO-averse consumers and no-GMOs practices producers. Voluntary

Stefanie Kirchhoff; Angelo M. Zago

2001-01-01

194

Voluntary control and the dynamics of perceptual bi-stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluntary control and conscious perception seem to be related: when we are confronted with ambiguous images we are in some cases and to some extent able to voluntarily select a percept. However, to date voluntary control has not been used in neurophys- iological studies on the correlates of conscious perception, presumably because the dynamic of perceptual reversals was not suitable.

R. van Ee; L. C. J. van Dam; G. J. Brouwer

2005-01-01

195

Can Influenza Epidemics Be Prevented by Voluntary Vaccination?  

E-print Network

Can Influenza Epidemics Be Prevented by Voluntary Vaccination? Raffaele Vardavas, Romulus Breban the vaccination coverage level necessary for preventing influenza epidemics, but have not shown whether, whether the critical coverage for influenza can be achieved by voluntary vaccination. We construct a novel

Blower, Sally

196

A Chain-Retrieval Model for Voluntary Task Switching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To account for the findings obtained in voluntary task switching, this article describes and tests the chain-retrieval model. This model postulates that voluntary task selection involves retrieval of task information from long-term memory, which is then used to guide task selection and task execution. The model assumes that the retrieved…

Vandierendonck, Andre; Demanet, Jelle; Liefooghe, Baptist; Verbruggen, Frederick

2012-01-01

197

Voluntary euthanasia under control? Further empirical evidence from The Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nineteen ninety-six saw the publication of a major Dutch survey into euthanasia in the Netherlands. This paper outlines the main statistical findings of this survey and considers whether it shows that voluntary euthanasia is under effective control in the Netherlands. The paper concludes that although there has been some improvement in compliance with procedural requirements, the practice of voluntary euthanasia

H Jochemsen; J Keown

1999-01-01

198

American Indian Voluntary Associations in Greater Los Angeles: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With its large and heterogeneous Indian population, the Los Angeles area offers an excellent opportunity to study patterns in the origin, growth, and structure of Indian voluntary associations, and the leisure time institutions. Since the 1920's more than 100 Indian voluntary associations formed in the area. Established groups influenced the…

Bramstedt, Wayne

199

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Reduced CSF turnover and decreased ventricular  

E-print Network

in CSF turnover in A4b2 deposit formation is up to now poorly known. We therefore investigated a possible relationship between a reduced CSF turnover and the CSF levels of the A4b2 peptide. To this aim, CSF of 31 be reabsorbed by capillaries via specific receptors, the most charaterized being LRP-1 [2], degraded by several

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae)  

E-print Network

Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae) Joseph A. Ross1,2¤ , James R, United States of America Abstract Diverse sex-chromosome systems are found in vertebrates, particularly been proposed for the rapid turnover of sex chromosomes, including the transposition of an existing sex

Shapiro, Mike

201

Nitrogen Turnover in Drying Sediments of an Amazon Floodplain Lake  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Amazon floodplain large areas are subject to annual cycles of drying and rewetting. The turnover of nitrogen in the periodically drying sediments is an important regulator of floodplain fertility. In the present study the transition of a lake sediment from flooded to dry conditions was studied with respect to microbial nitrogen turnover. Soil nitrogen pools, as well as

Matthias Koschorreck

2005-01-01

202

Pineal Gland: 24Hour Rhythm in Norepinephrine Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a 24-hour rhythm in the turnover of norepinephrine in sympathetic nerves innervating the pineal gland. This rhythm persists in blinded animals but is suppressed in normal rats by light. The rhythm in norepinephrine turnover generates the rhythms in pineal indoleamines and N-acetyltransferase.

Michael Brownstein; Julius Axelrod

1974-01-01

203

Quantitative Interpretation of the Randomness in Single Enzyme Turnover Times  

E-print Network

Quantitative Interpretation of the Randomness in Single Enzyme Turnover Times Seongeun Yang ABSTRACT Fluctuating turnover times of a single enzyme become observable with the advent of modern cutting-edge, single enzyme experimental techniques. Although the conventional chemical kinetics and its modern

Cao, Jianshu

204

Factors Affecting Principal Turnover: A Study of Three Midwestern Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. This dissertation addresses the problem of principal turnover. Using state and city level administrative data, a study of principals and their schools in greater Kansas City, Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was conducted with the goal of discovering themes that emerge regarding the factors associated with turnover

Belt, Charles M.

2009-01-01

205

9 CFR 381.443 - Significant participation for voluntary nutrition labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Significant participation for voluntary nutrition labeling. 381.443 Section 381...PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Nutrition Labeling § 381.443 Significant participation for voluntary nutrition labeling. Link to an...

2011-01-01

206

Folate biosynthesis, turnover, and transport in plants.  

PubMed

Folates are essential cofactors for one-carbon transfer reactions and are needed in the diets of humans and animals. Because plants are major sources of dietary folate, plant folate biochemistry has long been of interest but progressed slowly until the genome era. Since then, genome-enabled approaches have brought rapid advances: We now know (a) all the plant folate synthesis genes and some genes of folate turnover and transport, (b) certain mechanisms governing folate synthesis, and (c) the subcellular locations of folate synthesis enzymes and of folates themselves. Some of this knowledge has been applied, simply and successfully, to engineer folate-enriched food crops (i.e., biofortification). Much remains to be discovered about folates, however, particularly in relation to homeostasis, catabolism, membrane transport, and vacuolar storage. Understanding these processes, which will require both biochemical and -omics research, should lead to improved biofortification strategies based on transgenic or conventional approaches. PMID:21275646

Hanson, Andrew D; Gregory, Jesse F

2011-01-01

207

Ecological Research of the Voluntary Disclosure about Listed Companies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the paper, the research subject is the ecological relationship between the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises(SMEs) and the Large-scale Enterprises(Les). From the perspective of ecology, setting up the competitive model basic on the Logistic model, and carrying out further analysis about the voluntary information disclosure of listed company, then getting the strategic choice about the voluntary information disclosure and the ecological explanation of false information, and the dynamic mechanism and strategy of the voluntary information disclosure of listed company.

Hu, Jing-Jing; Yan, Guang-Le

208

Interaction of Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, both compliance and voluntary markets have emerged to help support the development of renewable energy resources. Both of these markets are growing rapidly and today about half of U.S. states have RPS policies in place, with a number of these policies adopted in the last several years. In addition, many states have recently increased the stringency of their RPS policies. This paper examines key market interaction issues between compliance and voluntary renewable energy markets. It provides an overview of both the compliance and voluntary markets, addressing each market's history, purpose, size, scope, and benefits while addressing issues, including double counting.

Bird, L.; Lokey, E.

2007-10-01

209

Morning employees are perceived as better employees: employees' start times influence supervisor performance ratings.  

PubMed

In this research, we draw from the stereotyping literature to suggest that supervisor ratings of job performance are affected by employees' start times-the time of day they first arrive at work. Even when accounting for total work hours, objective job performance, and employees' self-ratings of conscientiousness, we find that a later start time leads supervisors to perceive employees as less conscientious. These perceptions in turn cause supervisors to rate employees as lower performers. In addition, we show that supervisor chronotype acts as a boundary condition of the mediated model. Supervisors who prefer eveningness (i.e., owls) are less likely to hold negative stereotypes of employees with late start times than supervisors who prefer morningness (i.e., larks). Taken together, our results suggest that supervisor ratings of job performance are susceptible to stereotypic beliefs based on employees' start times. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24911178

Yam, Kai Chi; Fehr, Ryan; Barnes, Christopher M

2014-11-01

210

Fatty Acids Suppress Autophagic Turnover in ?-Cells*  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have shown that autophagy is essential for proper ?-cell function and survival. However, it is yet unclear under what pathogenic conditions autophagy is inhibited in ?-cells. Here, we report that long term exposure to fatty acids and glucose block autophagic flux in ?-cells, contributing to their toxic effect. INS1 cells expressing GFP-LC3 (an autophagosome marker) were treated with 0.4 mm palmitate, 0.4 mm oleate, and various concentrations of glucose for 22 h. Kinetics of the effect of fatty acids on autophagy showed a biphasic response. During the second phase of autophagy, the size of autophagosomes and the content of autophagosome substrates (GFP-LC3, p62) and endogenous LC3 was increased. During the same phase, fatty acids suppressed autophagic degradation of long lived protein in both INS1 cells and islets. In INS1 cells, palmitate induced a 3-fold decrease in the number and the acidity of Acidic Vesicular Organelles. This decrease was associated with a suppression of hydrolase activity, suppression of endocytosis, and suppression of oxidative phosphorylation. The combination of fatty acids with glucose synergistically suppressed autophagic turnover, concomitantly suppressing insulin secretion. Rapamycin treatment resulted in partial reversal of the inhibition of autophagic flux, the inhibition of insulin secretion, and the increase in cell death. Our results indicate that excess nutrient could impair autophagy in the long term, hence contributing to nutrient-induced ?-cell dysfunction. This may provide a novel mechanism that connects diet-induced obesity and diabetes. PMID:21859708

Las, Guy; Serada, Sam B.; Wikstrom, Jakob D.; Twig, Gilad; Shirihai, Orian S.

2011-01-01

211

Original article Whole body glucose turnover in growing  

E-print Network

and their hormonal status have a clear impact on glu- cose turnover [7­9]. No literature review specifically focused, exists. Besides, considering the assumed link between glucose metabolism and meat quality [3], and when

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Quantitative Interpretation of the Randomness in Single Enzyme Turnover Times  

E-print Network

Fluctuating turnover times of a single enzyme become observable with the advent of modern cutting-edge, single enzyme experimental techniques. Although the conventional chemical kinetics and its modern generalizations could ...

Yang, Seongeun

213

41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 27-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.50-Inventory Management Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines § 109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover...

2014-01-01

214

41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 27-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.50-Inventory Management Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines § 109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover...

2013-07-01

215

41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 27-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.50-Inventory Management Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines § 109-27.5002 Stores inventory turnover...

2012-01-01

216

Fact File: Voluntary Support of Higher Education, 1987-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tables showing voluntary sources of financial support for public and private institutions are presented. Purposes of support, sources of support, forms of giving, alumni giving, gifts of property, and corporations' matching gifts are listed. (MLW)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1989

1989-01-01

217

Voluntary Associations and Their Involvement in Collaborative Forest Management  

E-print Network

of voluntary associations; (2) exploring organizational concerns about forest management issues; (3) examining organizational leaders’ experiences in collaborating with the Forest Service; (4) evaluating the perceived effectiveness of collaboration efforts...

Lu, Jiaying

2012-02-14

218

Essays on Voluntary Contribution with Private Information and Threshold Uncertainty  

E-print Network

This dissertation concerns individual voluntary contributions in the subscription game with three important model considerations: private information on public good valuations, threshold uncertainty and the timing of the contribution — simultaneous...

Peng, Hui-Chun

2014-07-08

219

15 CFR 30.74 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...provided with the required narrative, it will promptly notify CBP, ICE, and the OEE of the voluntary disclosure, acknowledge the...further investigation, it deems appropriate. As quickly as the facts and circumstances of a given case permit, the Census...

2011-01-01

220

15 CFR 30.74 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provided with the required narrative, it will promptly notify CBP, ICE, and the OEE of the voluntary disclosure, acknowledge the...further investigation, it deems appropriate. As quickly as the facts and circumstances of a given case permit, the Census...

2013-01-01

221

15 CFR 30.74 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...provided with the required narrative, it will promptly notify CBP, ICE, and the OEE of the voluntary disclosure, acknowledge the...further investigation, it deems appropriate. As quickly as the facts and circumstances of a given case permit, the Census...

2012-01-01

222

15 CFR 30.74 - Voluntary self-disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...provided with the required narrative, it will promptly notify CBP, ICE, and the OEE of the voluntary disclosure, acknowledge the...further investigation, it deems appropriate. As quickly as the facts and circumstances of a given case permit, the Census...

2014-01-01

223

75 FR 63498 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting AGENCY...Technology Foundation of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...

2010-10-15

224

75 FR 75472 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting AGENCY...Technology Group, Inc. of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...

2010-12-03

225

75 FR 57477 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting AGENCY...Creighton Center for Health Services Research and Patient Safety (CHRP) Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety...

2010-09-21

226

75 FR 75473 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting AGENCY...Harbor Medical, Inc., of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...

2010-12-03

227

75 FR 75472 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting...relinquishment from Helmet Fire, Inc. Patient Safety Group (A Component of Helmet Fire, Inc. of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The...

2010-12-03

228

75 FR 75471 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting AGENCY...relinquishment from ORQA, LLC of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...

2010-12-03

229

75 FR 57048 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting...the Coalition for Quality and Patient Safety of Chicagoland (CQPS) of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The...

2010-09-17

230

How to Manage Mid-Career Transitions: Voluntary and Involuntary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2008 Careers Symposium "Mid-Career Transitions: Choices and Challenges." This recorded presentation discusses the challenges of voluntary and involuntary career changes and also provides suggestions on how to make a career change.

PhD Marian R. Walters (Tulane University Medical School Dept. of Physiology)

2008-04-07

231

How to Manage Mid-Career Transitions: Voluntary and Involuntary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2008 Careers Symposium "Mid-Career Transitions: Choices and Challenges." This powerpoint presentation file discusses the challenges of voluntary and involuntary career changes and also provides suggestions on how to make a career change.

PhD Marian R. Walters (Tulane University Medical School Dept. of Physiology)

2008-04-07

232

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Emission-Related Defect Reporting...voluntary emissions recall campaign involving a locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...

2014-07-01

233

Guard cells undergo constitutive and pressure-driven membrane turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.  During stomatal movement, guard cells undergo large and reversible changes in cell volume and consequently surface area. These\\u000a alterations in surface area require addition and removal of plasma membrane material. How this is achieved is largely unknown.\\u000a Here we summarize recent studies of membrane turnover in guard cells using electrophysiology and fluorescent imaging techniques.\\u000a The results implicate that membrane turnover

T. Meckel; A. C. Hurst; G. Thiel; U. Homann

2005-01-01

234

The development of predictors of nonadherence to voluntary exercise programs  

E-print Network

THE DEVELOPMENT OF PREDICTORS OF NONADHERENCE TO VOLUNTARY EXERCISE PROGRAMS A Thesis by LINDA LOUISE MARX HOSEA Submitted to the Graduated College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major Subject: Psychology THE DEVELOPMENT OF PREDICTORS OF NONADHERENCE TO VOLUNTARY EXERCISE PROGRAMS A Thesis by LINDA LOUISE MARX HOSEA Approved as to style and content by eff ey M. Kern ai n of Committee) Arnold . Le...

Hosea, Linda Louise Marx

2012-06-07

235

Students’ Vocational Choices and Voluntary Action: A 12Nation Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on student involvement suggested that business and engineering students manifest lowest rates of voluntary\\u000a action. Similarly, it was thought that social science students are the most involved in voluntary action, with students of\\u000a natural sciences and humanities in the middle. However, there were very few studies that empirically compared these assertions.\\u000a Furthermore, these assertions were not investigated from

Debbie Haski-Leventhal; Ram A. Cnaan; Femida Handy; Jeffrey L. Brudney; Kristen Holmes; Lesley Hustinx; Chulhee Kang; Meenaz Kassam; Lucas C. P. M. Meijs; Bhagyashree Ranade; Naoto Yamauchi; Anne Birgitta Yeung; Sinisa Zrinscak

2008-01-01

236

Employee theft as social control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employee theft is generally regarded as a serious offense not only by those responsible for assuring organizations operate as efficiently as possible, but by social scientists studying this phenomenon. Futhermore, in most modern settings, it is defined as criminal and subject to punishment. Although usually classified as deviant, theft is in many instances also a reaction to what employees consider

James Tucker

1989-01-01

237

Employee Ownership, Motivation and Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between employee ownership, motivation, and productivity was explored. The main data collection activities were as follows: (1) a literature review; (2) interviews with management and employees from 10 selected companies across the United Kingdom; (3) surveys of ICOM (the federation of worker cooperatives) member companies and…

Michie, Jonathan; Oughton, Christine; Bennion, Yvonne

238

Public Sector Employee Assistance Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses employee assistance programs (EAPs), programs which have been developed to help employees deal with personal problems that seriously affect job performance. It reviews literature which specifically addresses EAPs in the public sector, noting that there are no exact figures on how many public entities have EAPs. Previous…

Kemp, Donna R.; Verlinde, Beverly

239

To Employees-YOUR EMPLOYER  

E-print Network

To Employees- YOUR EMPLOYER is registered with the Department of Revenue as a liable employer by the employer and, by law, cannot be deducted from employee's wages. You may be eligible to receive sufficient employment and wages. 4. You must be ABLE to work and AVAILABLE for work. You may file a claim

Meyers, Steven D.

240

Professional Employees and Collective Bargaining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of professional employees at colleges and their role within the unionized workplace are considered in two articles. In "The Position of Professional Employees," Eliot Freidson discusses findings of a study on professionals and implications for college collective bargaining. Attention is directed to the validity of the position held by…

Douglas, Joel M., Ed.

1987-01-01

241

Community College Employee Wellness Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program information…

Thornton, L. Jay; Johnson, Sharon

2010-01-01

242

Applying Employee Involvement in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the applicability of employee-involvement approaches to the management of schools. Three approaches are described for organizations in general and then applied to schools in particular. We conclude with a discussion of the design issues facing schools if they were to consider a comprehensive employee-involvement strategy as a means to improve their performance.

Susan Albers Mohrman; Edward E. Lawler; Allan M. Mohrman

1992-01-01

243

45 CFR 1226.12 - Sponsor employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PROHIBITIONS ON ELECTORAL AND LOBBYING ACTIVITIES Sponsor Employee Activities § 1226.12 Sponsor employees. Sponsor employees whose...

2011-10-01

244

45 CFR 1226.12 - Sponsor employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PROHIBITIONS ON ELECTORAL AND LOBBYING ACTIVITIES Sponsor Employee Activities § 1226.12 Sponsor employees. Sponsor employees whose...

2010-10-01

245

Understanding the Attitudes of Generation Y Employees  

E-print Network

and retaining these Generation Y employees. This project delves into comparisons between Generation Y and Baby Boomers to determine the best methods of retention. Employee retention is one of the most important issues companies face. Replacing an employee...

Dumler, Bryan A.

2013-05-17

246

Employee Wellness: A Cost-Saving Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employee ill health causes high health costs. Employee "wellness" programs are instrumental in helping control rising health costs. Presents discussion on how to develop effective wellness programs and their benefits. Includes an employee survey. (MD)

Friedman, Glenn

1987-01-01

247

28 CFR 105.24 - Employee's rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Employee's rights. 105.24 Section 105.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.24 Employee's rights. An employee is entitled...

2014-07-01

248

Monetary reward speeds up voluntary saccades  

PubMed Central

Past studies have shown that reward contingency is critical for sensorimotor learning, and reward expectation speeds up saccades in animals. Whether monetary reward speeds up saccades in human remains unknown. Here we addressed this issue by employing a conditional saccade task, in which human subjects performed a series of non-reflexive, visually-guided horizontal saccades. The subjects were (or were not) financially compensated for making a saccade in response to a centrally-displayed visual congruent (or incongruent) stimulus. Reward modulation of saccadic velocities was quantified independently of the amplitude-velocity coupling. We found that reward expectation significantly sped up voluntary saccades up to 30°/s, and the reward modulation was consistent across tests. These findings suggest that monetary reward speeds up saccades in human in a fashion analogous to how juice reward sped up saccades in monkeys. We further noticed that the idiosyncratic nasal-temporal velocity asymmetry was highly consistent regardless of test order, and its magnitude was not correlated with the magnitude of reward modulation. This suggests that reward modulation and the intrinsic velocity asymmetry may be governed by separate mechanisms that regulate saccade generation. PMID:24994970

Chen, Lewis L.; Chen, Y. Mark; Zhou, Wu; Mustain, William D.

2014-01-01

249

Explaining the Gap in Charter and Traditional Public School Teacher Turnover Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses national survey data to examine why charter school teachers are more likely to turnover than their traditional public school counterparts. We test whether the turnover gap is explained by different distributions of factors that are empirically and theoretically linked to turnover risk. We find that the turnover rate of charter…

Stuit, David A.; Smith, Thomas M.

2012-01-01

250

Predicted Relative Metabolomic Turnover (PRMT): determining metabolic turnover from a coastal marine metagenomic dataset  

PubMed Central

Background The world's oceans are home to a diverse array of microbial life whose metabolic activity helps to drive the earth's biogeochemical cycles. Metagenomic analysis has revolutionized our access to these communities, providing a system-scale perspective of microbial community interactions. However, while metagenome sequencing can provide useful estimates of the relative change in abundance of specific genes and taxa between environments or over time, this does not investigate the relative changes in the production or consumption of different metabolites. Results We propose a methodology, Predicted Relative Metabolic Turnover (PRMT) that defines and enables exploration of metabolite-space inferred from the metagenome. Our analysis of metagenomic data from a time-series study in the Western English Channel demonstrated considerable correlations between predicted relative metabolic turnover and seasonal changes in abundance of measured environmental parameters as well as with observed seasonal changes in bacterial population structure. Conclusions The PRMT method was successfully applied to metagenomic data to explore the Western English Channel microbial metabalome to generate specific, biologically testable hypotheses. Generated hypotheses linked organic phosphate utilization to Gammaproteobactaria, Plantcomycetes, and Betaproteobacteria, chitin degradation to Actinomycetes, and potential small molecule biosynthesis pathways for Lentisphaerae, Chlamydiae, and Crenarchaeota. The PRMT method can be applied as a general tool for the analysis of additional metagenomic or transcriptomic datasets. PMID:22587810

2011-01-01

251

Granulocyte turnover in the feline intestine.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the turnover rate of the extravascular pool of granulocytes in different regions of the feline gastrointestinal tract. Leukocyte emigration from the vasculature was prevented over a 48-h period by repeated intravenous injections of a monoclonal antibody (MAb IB4) directed against the leukocyte adhesion glycoprotein complex CD11/CD18. Tissue-associated myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was used to monitor the total tissue granulocyte pool at 0.5, 12, 24, and 48 h after MAb IB4 administration. The mucosal layer of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon exhibited different kinetics of granulocyte clearance, with average life-spans (t1/2) ranging between 6.9 (colon) and 10.4 h (duodenum). Granulocyte clearance rates of 0.5 x 10(6) and 2.4 x 10(6) cells/h/g tissue were estimated (from measured values of t1/2 and tissue granulocyte pool) for the small bowel and colonic mucosae, respectively. The submucosal layer of the intestine exhibited a biphasic reduction in tissue MPO activity following immunoneutralization of CD11/CD18, with an initial t1/2 < or = 0.5 h followed by a t1/2 of 36-60 h. The initial rapid decline in tissue MPO suggests that a significant fraction of granulocytes in the submucosa is localized in a readily exchangeable pool (e.g., marginated cells within the vasculature). The results of this study indicate that the average life-span of resident granulocytes varies significantly between different regions of the gastrointestinal tract, with the intestinal mucosa exhibiting a t1/2 comparable to that previously reported for circulating feline neutrophils (approximately 8 h). PMID:1330926

Arndt, H; Kubes, P; Grisham, M B; Gonzalez, E; Granger, D N

1992-10-01

252

Sildenafil stimulates aqueous humor turnover in rabbits.  

PubMed

Sildenafil citrate increases ocular blood flow and accelerates the rate of anterior chamber refilling after paracentesis. The latter effect could have resulted from a reduction in outflow facility or from an increase in aqueous humor (AH) production. In this study, we used scanning ocular fluorophotometry to examine the effects of sildenafil on AH turnover, and thus, AH production in eyes of live normal rabbits. For this, the rate of aqueous humor flow (AHF) was quantified with a commercially available fluorophotometer that measured the rate of fluorescein clearance from the anterior segment, which predominantly occurs via the trabecular meshwork. After ?2 h of control scans to determine the baseline rate of AHF, the rabbits were fed 33 mg of sildenafil and allowed ?45 min for the drug to enter the systemic circulation. Thereafter, fluorescence scans were retaken for an additional 90-120 min. Sildenafil ingestion increased AHF by about 36%, from 2.31 ?L/min to 3.14 ?L/min (P < 0.001, as two-tailed paired data, n = 20 eyes). This observation indicates that sildenafil citrate, which is a phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor currently marketed as a vasodilator (e.g., Viagra, Revatio), stimulates AHF in rabbits. Our results seem consistent with reports indicating that the drug dilates intraocular arteries and augments intraocular vascular flow. These physiological responses to the agent apparently led to increased fluid entry into the anterior chamber. As such, the drug might have utility in patients with ocular hypotony resulting from insufficient AH formation. PMID:23562660

Alvarez, Lawrence J; Zamudio, Aldo C; Candia, Oscar A

2013-06-01

253

Sildenafil Stimulates Aqueous Humor Turnover in Rabbits  

PubMed Central

Sildenafil citrate increases ocular blood flow and accelerates the rate of anterior chamber refilling after paracentesis. The latter effect could have resulted from a reduction in outflow facility or from an increase in aqueous humor (AH) production. In this study, we used scanning ocular fluorophotometry to examine the effects of sildenafil on AH turnover, and thus, AH production in eyes of live normal rabbits. For this, the rate of aqueous humor flow (AHF) was quantified with a commercially available fluorophotometer that measured the rate of fluorescein clearance from the anterior segment, which predominantly occurs via the trabecular meshwork. After ? 2 hrs of control scans to determine the baseline rate of AHF, the rabbits were fed 33 mg of sildenafil and allowed ? 45 min for the drug to enter the systemic circulation. Thereafter, fluorescence scans were retaken for an additional 90–120 min. Sildenafil ingestion increased AHF by about 36%, from 2.31 ?L/min to 3.14 ?L/min (P< 0.001, as two-tailed paired data, n= 20 eyes). This observation indicates that sildenafil citrate, which is a phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor currently marketed as a vasodilator (e.g., Viagra, Revatio), stimulates AHF in rabbits. Our results seem consistent with reports indicating that the drug dilates intraocular arteries and augments intraocular vascular flow. These physiological responses to the agent apparently led to increased fluid entry into the anterior chamber. As such, the drug might have utility in patients with ocular hypotony resulting from insufficient AH formation. PMID:23562660

Alvarez, Lawrence J.; Zamudio, Aldo C.; Candia, Oscar A.

2013-01-01

254

Human Resource Management: Employee Compensation Guide  

E-print Network

Employee compensation is important to successful employee recruitment, retention, motivation, performance, feedback and satisfaction. This publication explains the many alternatives employers have for creating compensation packages....

Fogleman, Sarah L.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-04-08

255

Acetylcholine turnover in an autoactive molluscan neuron.  

PubMed

We have studied acetylcholine (ACh) turnover at the cholinergic synapse between an identified motoneuron, the salivary burster (SB), and the muscle cells of the salivary duct (SD) in the terrestrial mollusk Limax maximus. Electrophysiological recordings were made of the SB action potentials and the SB-elicited junction potentials (JPs) on the SD. The amplitude of the JP was used as a measure of ACh release by the SB. The SB is an autoactive neuron that discharges 1 to 12 bursts of action potentials per min. During sustained bursting activity, the SB is able to maintain transmitter release for 18 hr even in the absence of exogenous choline. The size of SB-elicited JPs does not vary during 18 hr of activity. If the choline uptake blocker, hemicholinium-3 (HC-3; 20 microM), is present in the saline, transmitter release and JP size are depressed by about 30% after 14 hr of activity. Thus, the SB is partially dependent upon choline reuptake for maintained ACh synthesis and release. In high (9.45 mM)-potassium (K+) saline, the SB fired tonically at twice its average spike frequency. JP amplitude initially increased, then declined to an amplitude which was 60% of the initial level. The addition of 20 microM HC-3 to the high-K+ saline caused a 75 to 100% decrease in JP size within 30 min. Thus, during high-frequency tonic firing, the SB was primarily dependent on choline reuptake for ACh synthesis and release. After JP size had been reduced in high-K+ saline containing HC-3, the SB-SD synapse was returned to normal choline-free saline. The SB resumed bursting activity. JP amplitude gradually increased over the next 30 min. Thus, high-frequency firing in HC-3 had not depleted the SB of its entire endogenous store of choline or ACh. If the synapse was fatigued in high-K+ saline containing HC-3 and then placed in saline enriched with 300 microM choline, JP size increased within minutes. Thus, uptake of choline for ACh synthesis and release may be a more rapid process than mobilization of an endogenous transmitter store. Finally, the SB-SD synapse was fatigued in high-K+ saline containing HC-3. HC-3 was then removed from the saline. The SB maintained high-frequency tonic activity. JP size did not increase unless choline was added to the saline.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:6744367

Barry, S R; Gelperin, A

1984-03-01

256

Employee Assistance Program Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Employee Assistance Program (EAP) officers, as well as personnel in other disciplines from eight NASA Centers, attended this breakout session. Ms. Brenda Blair, MA, CEAP, a guest speaker at the conference, also attended as a consultant. Representatives from the NASA Centers introduced themselves and spoke briefly about their programs. In a discussion related to the conference theme on benchmarking, quality control issues within the EAP community and adequate documentation of cases were addressed. Disposition and provision for quality assurance checks for EAP providers in single person offices were also discussed. Ms. Blair presented methods for consulting with other NASA personnel in single person EAP offices as a quality control measure. EAP intervention in critical incidents was discussed. The question of whether EAP assistance is an asset or a potential liability in those situations was addressed. Suggestions were made of topics for future EAP video-teleconference topics. A program on EAP ethics was planned for a September video teleconference. Each person was asked to provide intake forms they use to Mr. Gettleman or Ms. Blair. Ms. Blair said she would review the forms to ensure that adequate notification is provided to the client for confidentiality. She would also review them to ensure they have adequate limits of confidentiality--a topic for future video teleconferencing. Mr. Gettleman described the NASA initiative to reduce stresses in the workplace, and the activities of an ad-hoc EAP group that will make recommendations to NASA senior management. Alternative training methods were discussed for reaching target audiences such as employees at risk, supervisors, and others. Pfc. David A. Pendleton, Victim Assistance Coordinator, U.S. Capitol Police. U.S. House of Representatives made a special presentation. Pfc. Pendleton was on duty during the tragic shooting of two Federal guards at the U.S. Capitol. He related the events immediately after the incident. He described the nature and structure of the EAP's and the separate nature of the House and Senate programs. This episode was a particularly difficult situation as large numbers of tourists were involved. William S. Barry, MD, the new Manager of the NASA Occupational Health Program Office was introduced to those attending the breakout session.

Gettleman, Alan G.; McGuire, William

1999-01-01

257

Stress, Health and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Employee and Organizational Commitment  

PubMed Central

This study investigates the mediating impact of organizational commitment on the relationship between organizational stressors and employee health and well-being. Data were collected from 401 operator level employees working in business process outsourcing organizations (BPOs) based in New Delhi, India. In this research several dimensions from ASSET, which is an organizational stress screening tool, were used to measure employee perceptions of stressors, their commitment to the organization, their perception of the organization’s commitment to them, and their health and well-being. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling on AMOS software. Results of the mediation analysis highlight both employee commitment to their organization and their perceptions of the organization’s commitment to them mediate the impact of stressors on physical health and psychological well-being. All indices of the model fit were found to be above standard norms. Implications are discussed with the view to improving standards of health and well-being within the call center industry, which is a sector that has reported higher turnover rates and poor working conditions among its employees internationally. PMID:24157512

Jain, Ajay K.; Giga, Sabir I.; Cooper, Cary L.

2013-01-01

258

Redefining RECs: Additionality in the voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the United States, electricity consumers are told that they can "buy" electricity from renewable energy projects, versus fossil fuel-fired facilities, through participation in a voluntary green power program. The marketing messages communicate to consumers that their participation and premium payments for a green label will cause additional renewable energy generation and thereby allow them to claim they consume electricity that is absent pollution as well as reduce pollutant emissions. Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) and wind energy are the basis for the majority of the voluntary green power market in the United States. This dissertation addresses the question: Do project developers respond to the voluntary REC market in the United States by altering their decisions to invest in wind turbines? This question is investigated by modeling and probabilistically quantifying the effect of the voluntary REC market on a representative wind power investor in the United States using data from formal expert elicitations of active participants in the industry. It is further explored by comparing the distribution of a sample of wind power projects supplying the voluntary green power market in the United States against an economic viability model that incorporates geographic factors. This dissertation contributes the first quantitative analysis of the effect of the voluntary REC market on project investment. It is found that 1) RECs should be not treated as equivalent to emission offset credits, 2) there is no clearly credible role for voluntary market RECs in emissions trading markets without dramatic restructuring of one or both markets and the environmental commodities they trade, and 3) the use of RECs in entity-level GHG emissions accounting (i.e., "carbon footprinting") leads to double counting of emissions and therefore is not justified. The impotence of the voluntary REC market was, at least in part, due to the small magnitude of the REC price signal and lack of long-term contracts that would reduce the risk of relying on revenue the voluntary green power market. Although no simple solutions are identified, a proposal for integrating RECs into a load based cap-and-trade system is presented. Keywords: Renewable Energy Certificate (REC); Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS); emission offset; additionality; attributes

Gillenwater, Michael Wayne

259

EPA Employees TIM Reference Guide  

E-print Network

EPA Employees June 2012 PART 1 TIM Reference Guide (Non-Java Version) #12;EPA Reference Guide Page 2 Table of Contents LOG INTO TIM (NON-JAVA VERSION) .................................................................................................................... 3 LOG OFF TIM

Crews, Stephen

260

Communication Correlates of Employee Morale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study of the relationship of managerial communication and employee morale by means of a questionnaire covering variables such as the quality of relationship, quality of communication, job satisfaction, willingness to move, and identification with a work group. (JMF)

Baird, John E.; Bradley, Patricia H.

1978-01-01

261

y State Employees Charitable New Jersey State  

E-print Network

NewJerse y State Employees Charitable Campaign 2013 New Jersey State Employees Charitable Campaign-WORKER #12;New Jersey State Employees Charitable Campaign WHY GIVE? · Because your contribution can address to a particular agency or federation listed on the inside of this brochure. #12;3 NEW JERSEY STATE EMPLOYEES

Hanson, Stephen José

262

Employee Motivation and Communication Methods  

E-print Network

,000 figure. There are pros and cons on the question of prizes. One of the most-voiced complaints when prizes are discontinued the signal is given that the program is ended. This is a val id point, and the answer must be decided at each location, based...EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND COMMUNICATION METHODS David t~. Heller Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Paulsboro, New Jersey ABSTRACT This paper discusses the compelling reasons for involving all employees in the plant energy con servation effort...

Heller, D. M.

1982-01-01

263

Turn-over rate of academic faculty at the College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University: a 20-year analysis (1991 to 2011)  

PubMed Central

Background Faculty turn-over affects both workers and organizations. Turnover of faculty and researchers is increasing alarmingly and costing the universities and the country at large. Fast turnover of health professionals from the health system and from academic institutions has recently received substantial attention from both academia and health sector managers. This paper calculates the faculty turnover rate at the College of Health Sciences of Addis Ababa University during the period of September 1991 to August 2011. Methods The study was conducted at the College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University. Retrospective analysis of employee records was done. All records of the faculty that were working in the College during the 20-year period, starting from September 1991 to August 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from the employee records accessed from the College’s human resources database and supplemented by payroll sheets and different reports. A structured checklist was used to extract the required data from the database. The crude turnover rate for academic faculty was calculated. Results Within the 20-year period of September 1991 to August 2011, a total of 120 faculty members left. The overall turn-over rate was 92.8 %. The rate in the most recent five years (172 %) is 8.5 times higher than the rate for the first five years (20 %). The average retention period before the termination of an employment contract was 4.9 years. The top five departments where employment contracts were relatively higher include: Nursing 15 (15.6 %), Internal Medicine 12 (12.5%), Public Health 10 (10.4%), Pediatrics 9 (9.4%) and Surgery 9 (9.4%). About two thirds (66.6%) of the faculty who were leaving were at the ranks of assistant professorship and above. Conclusion This study revealed that outflow of faculty has been continuously increasing in the period reviewed. This implies that the College had been losing highly skilled professionals with considerably higher costs in monetary terms. In this regard, an urgent response is required to retain or significantly decrease the outflow of faculty. Different motivation and retention mechanisms should be identified and implemented. Various modalities of faculty development programs should also be initiated. PMID:24289666

2013-01-01

264

Below the Salary Line: Employee Engagement of Non-Salaried Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory empirical phenomological study looks at employee engagement using Kahn (1990) and Maslow's (1970) motivational theories to understand the experience of non-salaried employees. This study finds four themes that seem to affect employee engagement: work environment, employee's supervisor, individual characteristics of the employee,…

Shuck, Brad; Albornoz, Carlos

2007-01-01

265

Proteome dynamics: revisiting turnover with a global perspective.  

PubMed

Although bulk protein turnover has been measured with the use of stable isotope labeled tracers for over half a century, it is only recently that the same approach has become applicable to the level of the proteome, permitting analysis of the turnover of many proteins instead of single proteins or an aggregated protein pool. The optimal experimental design for turnover studies is dependent on the nature of the biological system under study, which dictates the choice of precursor label, protein pool sampling strategy, and treatment of data. In this review we discuss different approaches and, in particular, explore how complexity in experimental design and data processing increases as we shift from unicellular to multicellular systems, in particular animals. PMID:23125033

Claydon, Amy J; Beynon, Robert

2012-12-01

266

Metabolic constrains on organic matter turnover within subsurface soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil represents one of the largest dynamic stocks of C on earth; therefore, understanding soil organic matter (SOM) turnover and its stabilization mechanisms are critical to forecasting changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Despite advances in our understanding of SOM mineralization, predicting changes in C turnover times remains challenging. In particular, little is known about how C is stabilized in subsurface soils where the physical structure (soil architecture) is a critical feature dictating the flow of solutes and gas. Owing to the contrast in advective-dominated transport along preferential flow paths in comparison to diffusive-dominated transport within the soil matrix, strong gradients in oxygen develop, and, as a consequence, a diversity of anaerobic metabolisms transpire even in seemingly aerated soil. Currently, we lack a detailed understanding of how the soil physical structure influences chemical environments, which then control microbial processing of C. Here we examine SOM stabilization mechanisms within subsurface soils that maintain their native structure and test if metabolic constrains exerts impact on net SOM turnover time. Our study site, Pu'u Eke forest on Kohala Mountain, Hawaii receives 3 m of rain annually and exhibits heterogeneity in flow paths due to shrink-swell property of hydrated short-range ordered minerals. Turnover time of C as well as SOM quality, mineralogy and microbial distribution and metabolisms were evaluated at millimeter resolution to quantitatively evaluate the importance of ped-based heterogeneity in processes controlling C. Our study shows the critical need to consider soil architecture when assessing SOM turnover rates, and micro-scale variation in chemical environment leading to anaerobic metabolisms is likely linked to SOM turnover rate.

Masue-Slowey, Y.; Chadwick, O.; Fendorf, S.

2011-12-01

267

Human turnover dynamics during sleep: Statistical behavior and its modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turnover is a typical intermittent body movement while asleep. Exploring its behavior may provide insights into the mechanisms and management of sleep. However, little is understood about the dynamic nature of turnover in healthy humans and how it can be modified in disease. Here we present a detailed analysis of turnover signals that are collected by accelerometry from healthy elderly subjects and age-matched patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease. In healthy subjects, the time intervals between consecutive turnover events exhibit a well-separated bimodal distribution with one mode at ?10 s and the other at ?100 s, whereas such bimodality tends to disappear in neurodegenerative patients. The discovery of bimodality and fine temporal structures (?10 s) is a contribution that is not revealed by conventional sleep recordings with less time resolution (?30 s). Moreover, we estimate the scaling exponent of the interval fluctuations, which also shows a clear difference between healthy subjects and patients. We incorporate these experimental results into a computational model of human decision making. A decision is to be made at each simulation step between two choices: to keep on sleeping or to make a turnover, the selection of which is determined dynamically by comparing a pair of random numbers assigned to each choice. This decision is weighted by a single parameter that reflects the depth of sleep. The resulting simulated behavior accurately replicates many aspects of observed turnover patterns, including the appearance or disappearance of bimodality and leads to several predictions, suggesting that the depth parameter may be useful as a quantitative measure for differentiating between normal and pathological sleep. These findings have significant clinical implications and may pave the way for the development of practical sleep assessment technologies.

Yoneyama, Mitsuru; Okuma, Yasuyuki; Utsumi, Hiroya; Terashi, Hiroo; Mitoma, Hiroshi

2014-03-01

268

78 FR 9678 - Multi-stakeholder Process To Develop a Voluntary Code of Conduct for Smart Grid Data Privacy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...development of an Voluntary Code of Conduct for utility and third parties...for developing voluntary codes of conduct that, if adopted by businesses, would instill consumer...process to develop a Voluntary Code of Conduct (VCC) for utilities...

2013-02-11

269

Final voluntary release assessment/corrective action report  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy, Carlsbad Area Office (DOE-CAO) has completed a voluntary release assessment sampling program at selected Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This Voluntary Release Assessment/Corrective Action (RA/CA) report has been prepared for final submittal to the Environmental protection Agency (EPA) Region 6, Hazardous Waste Management Division and the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) Hazardous and Radioactive Materials Bureau to describe the results of voluntary release assessment sampling and proposed corrective actions at the SWMU sites. The Voluntary RA/CA Program is intended to be the first phase in implementing the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation (RFI) and corrective action process at the WIPP. Data generated as part of this sampling program are intended to update the RCRA Facility Assessment (RFA) for the WIPP (Assessment of Solid Waste Management Units at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant), NMED/DOE/AIP 94/1. This Final Voluntary RA/CA Report documents the results of release assessment sampling at 11 SWMUs identified in the RFA. With this submittal, DOE formally requests a No Further Action determination for these SWMUs. Additionally, this report provides information to support DOE`s request for No Further Action at the Brinderson and Construction landfill SWMUs, and to support DOE`s request for approval of proposed corrective actions at three other SWMUs (the Badger Unit Drill Pad, the Cotton Baby Drill Pad, and the DOE-1 Drill Pad). This information is provided to document the results of the Voluntary RA/CA activities submitted to the EPA and NMED in August 1995.

NONE

1996-11-12

270

Beneficiary Reported Experience and Voluntary Disenrollment in Medicare Managed Care  

PubMed Central

Disenrollment rates have often been used as indicators of health plan quality, because they are readily available and easily understood by purchasers, health plans, and consumers. Over the past few years, however, indicators that more directly measure technical quality and consumer experiences with care have become available. In this observational study, we examined the relationship between voluntary disenrollment rates from Medicare managed care (MMC) plans and other measures of health plan quality. The results demonstrate that voluntary disenrollment rates are strongly related to direct measures of patient experiences with care and are an important complement to other measures of health plan performance. PMID:14997693

Lied, Terry R.; Sheingold, Steven H.; Landon, Bruce E.; Shaul, James A.; Cleary, Paul D.

2003-01-01

271

Voluntary vs directed siting -- or somewhere in-between?  

SciTech Connect

Waste siting gridlock in the United States and Canada has led to experimentation with voluntary and hybrid or ``mixed mode`` siting. We review nuclear and hazardous waste voluntary siting (VS) results for selected cases in the U.S, and Canada. Findings indicate that VS is not a panacea, but that current siting efforts are inadequate tests of its potential. We suggest trials of improved VS protocols and more effort on hybrid approaches in which the developer chooses the site but is required to reach agreement on conditions with local stakeholders. Mixed mode siting may be better suited to the US context and its three-tiered governmental system.

Peelle, E.B.

1994-04-01

272

Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project: Report from the DOE voluntary protection program onsite review, November 17--21, 1997  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) Review Team`s findings from the five-day onsite evaluation of the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP), conducted November 17--21, 1997. The site was evaluated against the program requirements contained in ``US Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program, Part 1: Program Elements`` to determine its success in implementing the five tenets of DOE-VPP. DOE-VPP consists of three programs, with names and functions similar to those in OSHA`s VPP. These programs are STAR, MERIT, and DEMONSTRATION. The STAR program is the core of DOE-VPP. The program is aimed at truly outstanding protectors of employee safety and health. The MERIT program is a steppingstone for contractors and subcontractors that have good safety and health programs but need time and DOE guidance to achieve STAR status. The DEMONSTRATION program is rarely used; it allows DOE to recognize achievements in unusual situations about which DOE needs to learn more before determining approval requirements for the STAR status.

NONE

1998-01-28

273

5 CFR 831.114 - Voluntary early retirement-substantial delayering, reorganization, reduction in force, transfer...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary early retirement-substantial delayering, reorganization...SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Administration and General Provisions... § 831.114 Voluntary early retirement-substantial delayering,...

2010-01-01

274

38 CFR 18.406 - Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation. 18.406 Section 18.406 ...Remedial action, voluntary action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. ...qualified handicapped persons. (c) Self-evaluation. (1) A recipient shall,...

2010-07-01

275

75 FR 4833 - National Protection and Programs Directorate; Assessment Questionnaire-Voluntary Chemical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...accordance with 5 CFR 1320.10...and vulnerability assessment methodologies that...Web-based, automated assessment tool for voluntary...Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool (VCAT...VCAT Assessment questionnaire and will answer...address facility assessments, response...

2010-01-29

276

78 FR 60020 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request for Voluntary Customer Satisfaction Surveys  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request for Voluntary Customer Satisfaction Surveys ACTION: Notice and...soliciting comments concerning the Customer Satisfaction Survey. DATES: Written...INFORMATION: Title: Voluntary Customer Satisfaction Survey to Implement...

2013-09-30

277

16 CFR 1031.4 - Effect of voluntary standards activities on Commission activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...The evaluation of voluntary standards will be conducted by Commission staff members, including representatives of legal, economics, engineering, epidemiological, health sciences, human factors, other appropriate interests, and the Voluntary...

2014-01-01

278

76 FR 62 - Interpretive Standards for Systemic Compensation Discrimination and Voluntary Guidelines for Self...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Standards for Systemic Compensation Discrimination and Voluntary Guidelines for Self-Evaluation...documents addressing compensation discrimination: Interpreting Nondiscrimination Requirements...with respect to Systemic Compensation Discrimination (Standards) and Voluntary...

2011-01-03

279

76 FR 79192 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From HSMS Patient Safety Organization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From HSMS Patient Safety Organization AGENCY: Agency for...voluntary relinquishment from the HSMS Patient Safety Organization of its status...

2011-12-21

280

76 FR 60495 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From the Patient Safety Group  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From the Patient Safety Group AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare...voluntary relinquishment from The Patient Safety Group of its status as a...

2011-09-29

281

Essays on Mandatory and Voluntary Disclosure: The Stock Market Reaction to Mandatory Segment Reporting  

E-print Network

Essays on Mandatory and Voluntary Disclosure: The Stock Market Reaction to Mandatory Segment dissertation examines the stock market's assessment of corporate mandatory and voluntary disclosure. Specifically, the first part of the dissertation investigates the stock market reaction to the mandatory

Sadeh, Norman M.

282

National Voluntary Environmental Assessment Information System (NVEAIS) State Notice and Acknowledgment of Local Participation  

E-print Network

Voluntary Environmental Assessment Information System (NVEAIS) State Notice and Acknowledgment of Local/program) _______________________________ in the National Voluntary Environmental Assessment Information System (NVEAIS) of the National Center all foodborne illness outbreak environmental assessment data to the system. Information collected

283

45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

2011-10-01

284

45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. 33.8 Section 33.8 Public...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In...

2010-10-01

285

40 CFR 157.30 - Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging. 157.30 Section 157.30 ...CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.30 Voluntary use of...

2011-07-01

286

40 CFR 157.30 - Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging. 157.30 Section 157.30 ...CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.30 Voluntary use of...

2012-07-01

287

40 CFR 157.30 - Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging. 157.30 Section 157.30 ...CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.30 Voluntary use of...

2013-07-01

288

40 CFR 157.30 - Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging. 157.30 Section 157.30 ...CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.30 Voluntary use of...

2010-07-01

289

40 CFR 157.30 - Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Voluntary use of child-resistant packaging. 157.30 Section 157.30 ...CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.30 Voluntary use of...

2014-07-01

290

9 CFR 317.343 - Significant participation for voluntary nutrition labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Significant participation for voluntary nutrition labeling. 317.343 Section 317...MARKING DEVICES, AND CONTAINERS Nutrition Labeling § 317.343 Significant participation for voluntary nutrition labeling. Link to an...

2011-01-01

291

9 CFR 317.345 - Guidelines for voluntary nutrition labeling of single-ingredient, raw products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Guidelines for voluntary nutrition labeling of single-ingredient, raw...MARKING DEVICES, AND CONTAINERS Nutrition Labeling § 317.345 Guidelines for voluntary nutrition labeling of single-ingredient,...

2012-01-01

292

The effects of midwives’ job satisfaction on burnout, intention to quit and turnover: a longitudinal study in Senegal  

PubMed Central

Background Despite working in a challenging environment plagued by persistent personnel shortages, public sector midwives in Senegal play a key role in tackling maternal mortality. A better understanding of how they are experiencing their work and how it is affecting them is needed in order to better address their needs and incite them to remain in their posts. This study aims to explore their job satisfaction and its effects on their burnout, intention to quit and professional mobility. Methods A cohort of 226 midwives from 22 hospitals across Senegal participated in this longitudinal study. Their job satisfaction was measured from December 2007 to February 2008 using a multifaceted instrument developed in West Africa. Three expected effects were measured two years later: burnout, intention to quit and turnover. Descriptive statistics were reported for the midwives who stayed and left their posts during the study period. A series of multiple regressions investigated the correlations between the nine facets of job satisfaction and each effect variable, while controlling for individual and institutional characteristics. Results Despite nearly two thirds (58.9%) of midwives reporting the intention to quit within a year (mainly to pursue new professional training), only 9% annual turnover was found in the study (41/226 over 2?years). Departures were largely voluntary (92%) and entirely domestic. Overall the midwives reported themselves moderately satisfied; least contented with their “remuneration” and “work environment” and most satisfied with the “morale” and “job security” facets of their work. On the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, very high levels of emotional exhaustion (80.0%) and depersonalization (57.8%) were reported, while levels of diminished personal accomplishment were low (12.4%). Burnout was identified in more than half of the sample (55%). Experiencing emotional exhaustion was inversely associated with “remuneration” and “task” satisfaction, actively job searching was associated with being dissatisfied with job “security” and voluntary quitting was associated with dissatisfaction with “continuing education”. Conclusions This study found that although midwives seem to be experiencing burnout and unhappiness with their working conditions, they retain a strong sense of confidence and accomplishment in their work. It also suggests that strategies to retain them in their positions and in the profession should emphasize continuing education. PMID:22546053

2012-01-01

293

TURNOVER AND DISPERSAL OF PRAIRIE FALCONS IN SOUTHWESTERN IDAHO  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) breeding dispersal, natal dispersal, and turn- over at nesting areas in the Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area (NCA) froin 1971- 95. Of 61 nesting areas where falcons identified one year were known to be present or absent the following year, 57% had a different falcon. This turnover rate was 2-3 tiines

ROBERT N. LEHMAN; KAREN STEENHOF; LESLIE B. CARPENTER; MICHAEL N. KOCHERT

294

Teachers' Perceptions of Administrative Support and Antecedents of Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the degree to which teachers' age, perceptions of fair pay, receipt of employer-sponsored health insurance, and administrative support, as operationalized by the Competing Values Framework, predicted antecedents of turnover. Teachers' thoughts of leaving their current job and commitment to a center were significantly predicted by perceptions of their directors' coordinating skills

Elizabeth Morgan Russell; Sue W. Williams; Cheryl Gleason-Gomez

2010-01-01

295

Quantifying Assemblage Turnover and Species Contributions at Ecologic Boundaries  

PubMed Central

Not all boundaries, whether stratigraphical or geographical, are marked by species-level changes in community composition. For example, paleodata for some sites do not show readily discernible glacial-interglacial contrasts. Rather, the proportional abundances of species can vary subtly between glacials and interglacials. This paper presents a simple quantitative measure of assemblage turnover (assemblage turnover index, ATI) that uses changes in species' proportional abundances to identify intervals of community change. A second, functionally-related index (conditioned-on-boundary index, CoBI) identifies species contributions to the total assemblage turnover. With these measures we examine benthonic foraminiferal assemblages to assess glacial/interglacial contrasts at abyssal depths. Our results indicate that these measures, ATI and CoBI, have potential as sequence stratigraphic tools in abyssal depth deposits. Many peaks in the set of values of ATI coincide with terminations at the end of glaciations and delineate peak-bounded ATI intervals (PATIs) separated by boundaries that approximate to glacial terminations and to transgressions at neritic depths. These measures, however, can be used to evaluate the assemblage turnover and composition at any defined ecological or paleoecological boundary. The section used is from Ocean Drilling Program (OPD) Hole 994C, drilled on the Blake Ridge, offshore SE USA. PMID:24130679

Hayek, Lee-Ann C.; Wilson, Brent

2013-01-01

296

Quantifying assemblage turnover and species contributions at ecologic boundaries.  

PubMed

Not all boundaries, whether stratigraphical or geographical, are marked by species-level changes in community composition. For example, paleodata for some sites do not show readily discernible glacial-interglacial contrasts. Rather, the proportional abundances of species can vary subtly between glacials and interglacials. This paper presents a simple quantitative measure of assemblage turnover (assemblage turnover index, ATI) that uses changes in species' proportional abundances to identify intervals of community change. A second, functionally-related index (conditioned-on-boundary index, CoBI) identifies species contributions to the total assemblage turnover. With these measures we examine benthonic foraminiferal assemblages to assess glacial/interglacial contrasts at abyssal depths. Our results indicate that these measures, ATI and CoBI, have potential as sequence stratigraphic tools in abyssal depth deposits. Many peaks in the set of values of ATI coincide with terminations at the end of glaciations and delineate peak-bounded ATI intervals (PATIs) separated by boundaries that approximate to glacial terminations and to transgressions at neritic depths. These measures, however, can be used to evaluate the assemblage turnover and composition at any defined ecological or paleoecological boundary. The section used is from Ocean Drilling Program (OPD) Hole 994C, drilled on the Blake Ridge, offshore SE USA. PMID:24130679

Hayek, Lee-Ann C; Wilson, Brent

2013-01-01

297

Analysis of turnover dynamics of the submembranous actin cortex  

PubMed Central

The cell cortex is a thin network of actin, myosin motors, and associated proteins that underlies the plasma membrane in most eukaryotic cells. It enables cells to resist extracellular stresses, perform mechanical work, and change shape. Cortical structural and mechanical properties depend strongly on the relative turnover rates of its constituents, but quantitative data on these rates remain elusive. Using photobleaching experiments, we analyzed the dynamics of three classes of proteins within the cortex of living cells: a scaffold protein (actin), a cross-linker (?-actinin), and a motor (myosin). We found that two filament subpopulations with very different turnover rates composed the actin cortex: one with fast turnover dynamics and polymerization resulting from addition of monomers to free barbed ends, and one with slow turnover dynamics with polymerization resulting from formin-mediated filament growth. Our data suggest that filaments in the second subpopulation are on average longer than those in the first and that cofilin-mediated severing of formin-capped filaments contributes to replenishing the filament subpopulation with free barbed ends. Furthermore, ?-actinin and myosin minifilaments turned over significantly faster than F-actin. Surprisingly, only one-fourth of ?-actinin dimers were bound to two actin filaments. Taken together, our results provide a quantitative characterization of essential mechanisms under­lying actin cortex homeostasis. PMID:23345594

Fritzsche, Marco; Lewalle, Alexandre; Duke, Tom; Kruse, Karsten; Charras, Guillaume

2013-01-01

298

Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied changes across time in measures of organizational commitment and job satisfaction as each related to subsequent turnover among 60 recently employed psychiatric technician trainees. A longitudinal study across a 101\\/2-mo period was conducted, with attitude measures (Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Job Descriptive Index) collected at 4 points in time. Results of a discriminant analysis indicate that significant relationships existed

Lyman W. Porter; Richard M. Steers; Richard T. Mowday; Paul V. Boulian

1974-01-01

299

Faculty Turnover: An Analysis by Rank, Gender, Ethnicity and Reason.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1992, a study was conducted to determine factors associated with the attrition of faculty at the University of Florida (UF) from fiscal year (FY) 1989 through FY 1990. Specifically, the study sought to determine the relative level of turnover at UF compared to other institutions, the demographics of and motives given by leaving faculty,…

Honeyman, David S., Jr.; Summers, Susan Robinson

300

CARBON TURNOVER AND ACCUMULu..TION BY CORAL REEFS  

E-print Network

CARBON TURNOVER AND ACCUMULu..TION BY CORAL REEFS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE GIVIS the other sites. There is great operational unifor~ity in coral reef metabolism apparentiy re- gardless ism is great, probably at all latitudes at which coral reefs are found. Unperturbed systems

Luther, Douglas S.

301

Lipid turnover in alcoholics before and after an ethanol load.  

PubMed

Alcohol ingestion decreases plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) and lipid oxidation. This study was conducted to determine palmitate turnover in alcoholics during a short abstinence period and after an ethanol load and in a group of nonalcoholic control subjects, looking for correlations between palmitate turnover, FFA, acetate, and acetoacetate/beta hydroxybutyrate ratio (AKBR). Palmitate C14 turnover was studied in five alcoholics during early abstinence and after a 0.8 g/kg ethanol load, and in five nonalcoholic normal controls. Plasma levels of FFA, acetate, acetoacetate, and beta hydroxybutyrate were measured before and during the ethanol load. A needle hepatic biopsy was performed in alcoholics. FFA levels, palmitate flux, oxidation, and nonoxidative disposal were similar in alcoholics compared with control subjects, decreasing significantly after the ethanol load in both groups. AKBR and ketone bodies were similar in both groups in the basal period. After the alcohol infusion, AKBR decreased significantly. Acetoacetate levels did not change, and beta hydroxybutyrate and total ketone bodies increased significantly in alcoholics and control subjects. A positive correlation was found between FFA levels and palmitate flux. Liver biopsies showed mild changes in the patients studied. The similar inhibition of lipid turnover, FFA release, and the drop in AKBR observed after an alcohol load in alcoholics and control subjects suggest that this effect is mediated by alcohol metabolism and not by metabolic alterations present in alcoholics. PMID:9614308

Hirsch, S; De La Maza, M P; Petermann, M; Bunout, D

1998-05-01

302

Nitrogen turnover on organic and conventional mixed farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separate focus on crop fertilization or feeding practices inadequately describes nitrogen (N) loss from mixed dairy farms because of (1) interaction between animal and crop production and between the production system and the manager, and (2) uncertainties of herd N production and crop N utilization. Therefore a systems approach was used to study N turnover and N efficiency on 16

N. Halberg; E. Steen Kristensen; I. Sillebak Kristensen

1995-01-01

303

Organizational Career Growth, Affective Occupational Commitment and Turnover Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey data, collected from the People's Republic of China, were used to test Weng's (2010) four facet model of career growth and to examine its effect on occupational commitment and turnover intentions. Weng conceptualized career growth as consisting of four factors: career goal progress, professional ability development, promotion speed, and…

Weng, Qingxiong; McElroy, James C.

2012-01-01

304

The High Cost of Teacher Turnover. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future (NCTAF) completed an 18-month study of the costs of teacher turnover in five school districts. The selected districts varied in size, location, and demographics enabling exploration of how these variations affected costs. Costs of recruiting, hiring, processing, and training…

National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, 2007

2007-01-01

305

Chinese Teachers' Work Stress and Their Turnover Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey study employed qualitative dominant mixed research to explore the sources of teacher stress in China and the possible reasons for Chinese teachers' turnover intention. The data were collected in Jilin Province of China, and 510 teachers participated in the survey. Quantitatively, 40.4% of the surveyed teachers reported that they…

Liu, Shujie; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2012-01-01

306

Climate change hastens the turnover of stream fish assemblages  

E-print Network

Climate change hastens the turnover of stream fish assemblages L A E¨ T I T I A B U I S S O N *w Grenoble Cedex 9, France Abstract Stream fish are expected to be significantly influenced by climate change a deleter- ious effect of climate change, whereas downstream species would expand their range by migrating

Grenouillet, Gael

307

Original article Effect of dietary lysine on muscle protein turnover  

E-print Network

Original article Effect of dietary lysine on muscle protein turnover in growing chickens to the requirement. lysine / protein synthesis / protein breakdown / chicken Résumé ― Influence de la lysine (Received 11 March 1991; accepted 3 March 1992) Summary ― Day-old male chickens were fed ad libitum

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

308

An Investigation into Teacher Turnover in International Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored expatriate teacher turnover in international schools. Two hundred and eighty-one international teachers completed a questionnaire identifying which variables influenced their decision to leave at the end of their first contract. Using both quantitative and qualitative data, this study revealed that three causal factors were…

Odland, Glenn; Ruzicka, Mary

2009-01-01

309

Storage and turnover of organic matter in soil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, attention on soil organic matter (SOM) has focused on the central role that it plays in ecosystem fertility and soil properties, but in the past two decades the role of soil organic carbon in moderating atmospheric CO concentrations has emerged as a critical research area. This chapter will focus on the storage and turnover of natural organic matter in

M. S. Torn; C. W. Swanston; C. Castanha; S. E. Trumbore

2008-01-01

310

The Influence of Classroom Characteristics on High School Teacher Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effect of class load and other factors on teacher turnover. Unlike previous studies, class load characteristics--class size, number of classes taught, and percentage of class time spent in areas outside a teacher's certification area--are included along with salary, personal characteristics, and district characteristics in a discrete time hazard model to simulate the effects of changing classroom

Daniel Mont; Daniel I. Rees

1996-01-01

311

CEO Turnover after Acquisitions: Are Bad Bidders Fired?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the relation between bidder returns and the probability of chief executive officer (CEO) turnover in acquiring firms. Using a sample of 714 acquisitions during 1990 to 1998, we find that 47% of CEOs of acquiring firms are replaced within 5 years, including 27% by internal governance, 16% by takeovers, and 4% by bankruptcy. A significant inverse relation exists

KENNETH M. LEHN; MENGXIN ZHAO

2006-01-01

312

21 CFR 20.112 - Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians and hospitals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC...20.112 Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians... (a) A voluntary drug experience report to the Food and...

2010-04-01

313

21 CFR 20.112 - Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians and hospitals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC...20.112 Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians... (a) A voluntary drug experience report to the Food and...

2014-04-01

314

21 CFR 20.112 - Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians and hospitals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC...20.112 Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians... (a) A voluntary drug experience report to the Food and...

2013-04-01

315

21 CFR 20.112 - Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians and hospitals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC...20.112 Voluntary drug experience reports submitted by physicians... (a) A voluntary drug experience report to the Food and...

2011-04-01

316

Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data)  

SciTech Connect

Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. Voluntary action provides a revenue stream for renewable energy projects and raises consumer awareness of the benefits of renewable energy. These markets continued to exhibit growth and stimulate renewable energy development in 2012. This paper reviews the voluntary market and identifies market trends.

Heeter, J.; Nicholas, T.

2013-10-01

317

[Voluntary poisoning by intravenous injection of caustic soda].  

PubMed

A voluntary intoxication by injection in the left basilic vein of 10 ml of concentrated caustic soda is reported. The main effects were, besides local necrosis, haemolysis, acute renal failure with initial anuresis, intravascular coagulation and cyanosis with a normal Pao2 due to methaemalbuminaemia. This was confirmed by using the usual spectrophotometric methods as well as electrophoretic methods. PMID:6625254

Blin, F; Rochette, J; Taulet, G; Pellerin, M; Marsepoil, T; Starkman, M

1983-01-01

318

12 CFR 239.65 - Voluntary supervisory conversions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Conversions From Mutual to Stock Form § 239.65 Voluntary...public; (2) Convert into stock form by merging into a state-chartered...the Board. (4) Financial data. (i) The most recent...bylaws. (ii) The proposed stock certificate form. (6)...

2013-01-01

319

12 CFR 239.65 - Voluntary supervisory conversions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Conversions From Mutual to Stock Form § 239.65 Voluntary...public; (2) Convert into stock form by merging into a state-chartered...the Board. (4) Financial data. (i) The most recent...bylaws. (ii) The proposed stock certificate form. (6)...

2014-01-01

320

12 CFR 239.65 - Voluntary supervisory conversions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Conversions from Mutual to Stock Form § 239.65 Voluntary...public; (2) Convert into stock form by merging into a state-chartered...the Board. (4) Financial data. (i) The most recent...bylaws. (ii) The proposed stock certificate form. (6)...

2012-01-01

321

Stanford Community Leave Bank A voluntary leave time donation program  

E-print Network

Stanford Community Leave Bank A voluntary leave time donation program July 1, 2012 h t t p : / / h of accrued vacation to the Stanford Community Leave Bank (SCLB) central leave bank. In accordance with tax vacation leave hours from their unused balance to a central leave bank fund. This central leave bank fund

Straight, Aaron

322

Right Size, Right Way: Smith College's Successful Voluntary Separation Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program of voluntary separation at Smith College (Massachusetts), implemented as an alternative to forced staff layoffs, is described. The plan included generous separation benefits and counseling services. Related issues are discussed, including tax considerations, eligibility, cost estimation, the plan's timeline, information dissemination,…

Lovell, Jonathan B.; Keefe, Janice A.

1992-01-01

323

CHANGES IN MOTONEURONE FIRING RATES DURING SUSTAINED MAXIMAL VOLUNTARY CONTRACTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY 1. Tungsten micro-electrodes have been used to record the electrical activity of single motor units in the human adductor pollicis during maximal voluntary contractions. The potentials were characteristic of those from single muscle fibres. 2. In brief maximal contractions, the firing rates of over 200 motor units were obtained from five normal subjects. Four subjects had a similar range

BRENDA BIGLAND-RITCHIE; R. JOHANSSON; C. J. LIPPOLDT; J. J. WOODS

324

Prism adaptation improves voluntary but not automatic orienting in neglect  

E-print Network

Prism adaptation improves voluntary but not automatic orienting in neglect Tanja C.W. Nijboera; accepted 24 November 2007 Prism adaptation has been shown to temporarily ameliorate the symptoms patient. We suggest that prism adaptation may ameliorate neglect by improving compensatory processes

McIntosh, Rob

325

Forced and voluntary exercise differentially affect brain and behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of physical exercise to decrease body weight, alleviate depression, combat aging and enhance cognition has been well-supported by research studies. However, exercise regimens vary widely across experiments, raising the question of whether there is an optimal form, intensity and duration of exertion that would produce maximal benefits. In particular, a comparison of forced and voluntary exercise is needed,

J. L. Leasure; M. Jones

2008-01-01

326

Continuing Professional Education Programs of Voluntary Health Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizational objectives and professional continuing education programs of ten voluntary health agencies--Allergy Foundation of America, American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, Arthritis Foundation, National Association for Mental Health, National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, National Society for the Prevention of Blindness,…

American Medical Association, Chicago, IL.

327

A Proposed Life Cycle for Voluntary Childfree Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluntary childfree couples have unique characteristics and problems from couples with children, including developing ways to escape the pressure from society and others to reproduce. Because of these unique challenges, the normative family life cycle may not adequately describe the stages through which these couples pass or the tasks they complete during the course of the relationship. In this article,

Sara L. Pelton; Katherine M. Hertlein

2011-01-01

328

Voluntary Professional Credentialing Programs. A Resource Handbook for Continuing Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook describes 77 voluntary programs offering professional credentialing for people in a wide range of professional and occupational fields. Each description lists credentials, organization offering credentials, initial credentialing requirements, credential renewal requirements (if any), continuing education approval process, and other…

Hanniford, Barbara, Ed.

329

Voluntary Withdrawal: Why Don't They Return?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors that influence voluntary withdrawal from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill are investigated. A survey based on a cohort of students admitted for the first time in fall 1977 was conducted with a response rate of approximately 50 percent. Major and minor reasons for not returning to the university are tabulated for males and…

Ironside, Ellen M.

330

Evaluating Voluntary Climate Programs in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Despite the growing importance of voluntary programs as tools for environmental management, they have been subject to quite limited evaluation. Program evaluation in the absence of randomized experiments is difficult because the decision to participate may not be random and, in particular, may be correlated with the outcomes. The present study is designed to overcome these problems by gauging

William A. Pizer; Richard Morgenstern

2008-01-01

331

Voluntary versus Mandatory Approaches To Climate Change Mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Executive Summary U.S. policy on climate change throughout the Clinton and Bush administrations has promised mandatory controls on greenhouse gases (GHGs) but delivered voluntary programs instead. Clinton proposed a carbon tax upon taking office, but domestic political resistance to it, as well as to the Kyoto Protocol, proved overwhelming. As a result, Clinton's Climate Change Action Program put forward a

Thomas P. Lyon

332

Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles: Evaluating a Trade Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors evaluate the voluntary export restraint that was initially placed on exports of automobiles from Japan in 1981. They evaluate the impact this policy had on U.S. consumer welfare, firm profits, and foregone tariff revenue from its initiation through 1990.

Steven Berry; James Levinsohn; Ariel Pakes

1999-01-01

333

BRIEF REPORT Interactions between voluntary and involuntary attention  

E-print Network

distribution of finite neural resources. Voluntary (endogenous) covert spatial attention selectively allocates, but it is possible to voluntarily diminish distraction by irrelevant events in the periphery. Keywords Covert spatial is immediately rele- vant, we need also the ability to track sudden changes that may require further action

Carrasco, Marisa

334

Supporting Voluntary Faculty Members in Departments of Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Unpaid voluntary faculty members do substantial amounts of teaching in medical schools. This article discusses strategies for recruitment, retention, and development for these individuals. Method: The authors describe a compendium of literature searches and their own experience administering a large medical student education program and…

Magen, Jed; Ley, Alyse

2011-01-01

335

The Recognition System for the Voluntary Wink with EMG  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many reports about the system controlled by the eye movement in the medical instruments and human technology. In this study, we report a new way of recognition for the voluntary wink with EMG, which can use for the controller about some systems with free hand.

Mizutani, Kengi

336

Voluntary Product Standard PS 72-76: Toy Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this voluntary product standard is to establish nationally recognized safety requirements and test methods for toys intended for use by children in age groups through 14 years. The standard relates to possible hazards that may not be readily recognized and which may be encountered in,normal use or after reasonably foreseeable abuse.…

National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

337

Early Experiences Implementing Voluntary School District Mergers in Vermont  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the implementation of an initiative to encourage voluntary school district mergers in Vermont. The law was intended to increase educational opportunities for Vermont students while reducing costs. Three research activities were conducted to understand how districts and supervisory unions around the state responded to the new…

Rogers, John D.; Glesner, Talia J.; Meyers, Herman W.

2014-01-01

338

Effect of Emotional Picture Viewing on Voluntary Eyeblinks  

PubMed Central

Eyeblinks, whether reflexive or voluntary, play an important role in protecting our vision. When viewing pictures, reflexive eyeblinks are known to be modulated by the emotional state induced thereby. More specifically, the hedonic valence (unpleasantness-pleasantness) induced by the picture has been shown to have a linear relationship with the amplitude of a startle blink elicited during picture viewing. This effect has been attributed to congruence between an ongoing state and task demands: an unpleasant emotional state is assumed to bias our attention towards potentially harmful stimuli, such as startle tones. However, recent research suggests that the valence-specific modulation may not be limited to the sensory parts of the reflexive pathway related to startle responses. Here, we examined the effect of emotional picture viewing on voluntary (in response to a written command) eyeblinks in adult humans. Emotional modulation of startle blinks was also evaluated. We found that when viewing unpleasant pictures, the amplitude of reflexive eyeblinks was augmented, but the amplitude of voluntary eyeblinks was unaffected. Nevertheless, the response latencies of voluntary eyeblinks were found to be delayed during the viewing of pleasant and unpleasant relative to neutral pictures. We conclude that these results support the theory that emotional experience augments sensory processing specific to potentially harmful stimuli. Further, the emotional state seems not to exert an effect on voluntarily elicited motor activity. PMID:24599182

Karla, Suvi; Ruusuvirta, Timo; Wikgren, Jan

2014-01-01

339

Study of the Voluntary Public School Choice Program. Interim Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Voluntary Public School Choice (VPSC) Program is to assist states and local school districts in the development of innovative strategies to expand options for students, and to encourage transfers of students from low-performing to higher-performing schools. This report presents interim findings from the National Evaluation of…

Yin, Robert K.; Ahonen, Pirkko; Kim, Dawn

2007-01-01

340

The efficiency of voluntary incentive policies for preventing biodiversity loss  

E-print Network

The efficiency of voluntary incentive policies for preventing biodiversity loss David J. Lewis a Biodiversity Conservation Land use Spatial modeling A B S T R A C T Habitat loss is a primary cause of loss;1. Introduction Land-use change is the leading driver of biodiversity loss in terrestrial ecosystems

Weiblen, George D

341

Differential cortical activation during voluntary and reflexive saccades in man  

Microsoft Academic Search

A saccade involves both a step in eye position and an obligatory shift in spatial attention. The traditional division of saccades into two types, the “reflexive” saccade made in response to an exogenous stimulus change in the visual periphery and the “voluntary” saccade based on an endogenous judgement to move gaze, is supported by lines of evidence which include the

Dominic J Mort; Richard J Perry; Sabira K Mannan; Timothy L Hodgson; Elaine Anderson; Rebecca Quest; Donald McRobbie; Alan McBride; Masud Husain; Christopher Kennard

2003-01-01

342

Refreshing the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second edition of the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics" was published by the Council for Economic Education in 2010. The authors examine the process for revising these precollege content standards and highlight several changes that appear in the new document. They also review the impact the standards have had on precollege…

MacDonald, Richard A.; Siegfried, John J.

2012-01-01

343

Voluntary Service, Peer Group Orientation, and Civic Engagement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from high school students were analyzed to identify associations among peer group orientation, voluntary service, and civic engagement measures. Specific crowd types were constructed through cluster analysis of reputational group activities and described as school, disengaged, all-around, fun, and average. Findings support the theory of…

Youniss, James; McLellan, Jeffrey A.; Mazer, Barbara

2001-01-01

344

Chapter 636, Voluntary Integration in Massachusetts. Successful Programs of Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide study was conducted to identify and describe successful voluntary school desegregation programs funded under Chapter 636, a 1974 amendment to Massachussets' Racial Imbalance Law. Programs selected were of four types: (1) school-based (elementary, middle, and high); (2) school system- or district-wide; (3) part-time and full-time…

Spier, Adele W.; And Others

345

Compliance with a Voluntary Hepatitis B Vaccination Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three years after the introduction of a voluntary hepatitis B vaccination program, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine has achieved a high vaccination rate among predoctoral students and a moderate rate among postdoctoral students and faculty. However, an unexpectedly low immunity was achieved, even among vaccinated individuals. (MSE)

Rowe, Todd K.; Douglass, Chester W.

1988-01-01

346

29 CFR 541.400 - General rule for computer employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false General rule for computer employees. 541.400...ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES Computer Employees § 541.400...specifications; (2) The design, development, documentation,...

2010-07-01

347

Whole body and tissue cholesterol turnover in the baboon  

SciTech Connect

Cholesterol turnover was studied in four baboons by injecting (/sup 14/C)cholesterol 186 days and (/sup 3/H)cholesterol 4 days before necropsy, and fitting a two- or three-pool model to the resulting specific activity-time data. At necropsy, cholesterol mass and specific activity were determined for the total body and for many tissues. The principal aim of this study was to estimate the extent of cholesterol synthesis in the side pools of the model, by computing the amount of side pool synthesis needed to equal the measured total body cholesterol. Central pool synthesis varied from 61 to 89% of the total cholesterol production rate. Moreover, the finding that the measured total body cholesterol fell within the range obtained from the kinetic analysis by using reasonable assumptions, provides evidence for the physiological validity of the model. A second aim of this study was to explore cholesterol turnover in various tissues. A pool model predicts that rapidly turning over tissues will have higher specific activities at early times and lower specific activities at later times after injection of tracer relative to slowly turning over tissues, except where significant synthesis occurs. Results in all four baboons were similar. Turnover rates for the different tissues loosely fell into three groups which were turning over at fast, intermediate, and slow rates. Finally, the magnitude of variation of cholesterol specific activity was moderate for several distributed tissues (fat, muscle, arteries, and the alimentary tract), but was small for liver. Cholesterol turnover in serial biopsies of skin, muscle, and fat could, however, be fitted with a single pool to estimate tissue turnover rates.

Dell, R.B.; Mott, G.E.; Jackson, E.M.; Ramakrishnan, R.; Carey, K.D.; McGill, H.C. Jr.; Goodman, D.S.

1985-03-01

348

Westinghouse Savannah River Company: Report from the DOE Voluntary Protection Program onsite reviews, February 24--March 7, 1997, and June 15--19, 1998  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) Initial and Update Review Teams` findings from the onsite evaluations of the Westinghouse Savannah River Site (SRS), conducted February 24--March 7, 1997, and June 15-19, 1998. The site was evaluated against the program requirements contained in US Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program, Part 1: Program Elements to determine its success in implementing the five tenets of DOE-VPP. The Initial Review Team concluded that WSRC met or surpassed all DOE-VPP requirements, with the exception of 12 minor findings and 5 recommendations. WSRC was asked to resolve the findings within 90 days. During a follow-up visit in January 1996, representatives of the Team verified that all 90-day actions were completed. The Update Team detected though that the program did not demonstrate thorough and meaningful employee involvement. The ability to attain and sustain VPP-level performance on employee involvement is a significant challenge. Large companies with multiple layers of management and geographically disperse personnel have particular difficulty.

NONE

1999-05-01

349

Question # Complete Wording Short Phrase Dimension 1 Overall, I am a satisfied UCSD employee. Satisfied Employee Employee Effectiveness/Satisfaction  

E-print Network

Department Effectiveness 15 My department routinely measures customer satisfaction with services and products delivered. Measures Customer Satisfaction Department Effectiveness 16 My department routinely takes action. Satisfied Employee Employee Effectiveness/Satisfaction 2 I understand my department's mission. Understand

Jun, Suckjoon

350

Exploring Employee Engagement from the Employee Perspective: Implications for HRD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine an employee's unique experience of being engaged in their work. Design/methodology/approach: Following Yin's case study design method, researchers collected documents, conducted semi-structured interviews and recorded observations at a large multinational service corporation ranked as one of the…

Shuck, M. Brad; Rocco, Tonette S.; Albornoz, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

351

Examining Job Embeddedness Survey Items for an Adventure Education Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dysfunctional voluntary employee turnover is an issue that leads to major direct and indirect costs (e.g., Sagie, Birati, & Tziner, 2002). Although job satisfaction has classically been the predominant construct used to explain turnover, recently a new construct, job embeddedness, has been relatively successful at helping explain additional…

Wilson, Jackson

2010-01-01

352

The influence of individualism and uncertainty avoidance on per capita gambling turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study examined the effect of culture on per capita gross casino and lottery gambling turnover in a country-level analysis. Employing Hofstede's individualism and uncertainty avoidance, this study found that culture could provide some explanations why international gaming jurisdictions differed in their per capita gambling turnover. Individualism was found to be positively correlated with per capita casino gambling turnover,

Bernadete Ozorio; Desmond Lam; Hoc Nang Fong

2010-01-01

353

Species turnover and the order versus chaos controversy concerning reef fish community structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Species turnover of coral reef fishes was examined on small artificial natural and coral heads. Data show that the time interval between samples has a small effect on measurements of absolute turnover but greatly affects estimates of turnover rate. Results suggest that differences between the order and chaos schools of reef fish community structure may have originated in part as

James A. Bohnsack

1983-01-01

354

Blind Spots: Small Rural Communities and High Turnover in the Superintendency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines high superintendency turnover through rural community members' perceptions of such attrition in their districts. Findings indicate that community members perceived high turnover as negative and believed that turnover was created by financial pressures, rural community resistance to educational trends, and bias against…

Kamrath, Barry; Brunner, C. Cryss

2014-01-01

355

25 CFR 700.549 - Employee organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...may not knowingly be a member of an organization of Government employees that advocates the overthrow of the United States' constitutional form of government (5 U.S.C. 7311). Employees are also prohibited from striking against the Federal Government....

2010-04-01

356

9 CFR 3.32 - Employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of Guinea Pigs and Hamsters Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.32 Employees. A sufficient number of employees shall...

2010-01-01

357

28 CFR 115.31 - Employee training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Employee training. 115.31 Section 115.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Training and Education § 115.31 Employee...

2014-07-01

358

28 CFR 115.31 - Employee training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Employee training. 115.31 Section 115.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Training and Education § 115.31 Employee...

2012-07-01

359

28 CFR 115.331 - Employee training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Employee training. 115.331 Section 115.331 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Training and Education § 115.331 Employee...

2014-07-01

360

The Employee Diversity Team Needs You! | Poster  

Cancer.gov

The Employee Diversity Team (EDT) is looking for bright, talented, and committed Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research (FNL) employees—both government and contractor—who want to share in the team’s mission.

361

SPA Student & Temporary Employees TIM Reference Guide  

E-print Network

SPA Student & Temporary Employees June 2012 PART 1 TIM Reference Guide (Non-Java Version) #12;SPA Student & Temporary Employee Reference Guide Page 2 Table of Contents LOG INTO TIM (NON-JAVA VERSION) .................................................................................................................... 3 LOG OFF TIM

Crews, Stephen

362

29 CFR 516.28 - Tipped employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tipped employees. 516.28 Section 516.28 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...Exemptions Under the Act; Other Special Requirements § 516.28 Tipped employees. (a) With respect...

2010-07-01

363

38 CFR 17.507 - Employee responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 17.507 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.507 Employee responsibilities. (a) All VA employees and other...

2011-07-01

364

38 CFR 17.507 - Employee responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Section 17.507 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.507 Employee responsibilities. (a) All VA employees and other...

2014-07-01

365

38 CFR 17.507 - Employee responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 17.507 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.507 Employee responsibilities. (a) All VA employees and other...

2013-07-01

366

38 CFR 17.507 - Employee responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 17.507 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.507 Employee responsibilities. (a) All VA employees and other...

2012-07-01

367

38 CFR 17.507 - Employee responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 17.507 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.507 Employee responsibilities. (a) All VA employees and other...

2010-07-01

368

UCSD WORKPLACE VIOLENCE EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK  

E-print Network

UCSD WORKPLACE VIOLENCE EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK (Understanding & Preventing) TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION of violence or actual violence. To the extent that a better informed community is a safer community, this handbook has been prepared to aid in the understanding and prevention of workplace violence. You

Jun, Suckjoon

369

NASA grievance system: Employee handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This revised handbook updates the minimum provisions of the agency-wide Grievance System and applies to NASA Headquarters and field installations. All grievances initiated on or after June 15, 1981, will be processed under these provisions. NASA recognizes and endorses the importance of bringing to light and adjusting grievances promptly and of treating all employees reasonably and fairly. Achieving these objectives requires great competence, mature judgment, and true willingness to reach a satisfactory solution. Provisions of the NASA Grievance System are directed to this purpose. Grievances and misunderstandings can arise in almost any working situation. It follows then that an employee's initiation of a grievance in good faith should not cast any reflection on the employee's standing with his or her supervisor or loyalty and importance to the organization. At the same time, the initiation of a grievance should not automatically be considered as a reflection on the employee's supervisor or on the general management of the activity. This handbook should be used in conjunction with Office of Personnel Management regulations in 5 CFR Part 771 and Chapter 771 of the Federal Personnel Manual. Installations may issue implementing instructions, e.g. specifying when fact-finding is required or when an unresolved grievance must be referred to a higher level of authority.

1981-01-01

370

Employee reactions to job characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed and tested a conceptual framework specifying the conditions under which jobs will facilitate the development of internal motivation for effective performance. Ss were 62 supervisors and 208 telephone company employees who worked on 13 different jobs. Primary independent variables were (a) a measure of strength of desire for the satisfaction of higher order needs (e.g., obtaining feelings of accomplishment,

J. Richard Hackman; Edward E. Lawler

1971-01-01

371

MEDICAL LEAVE CHECKLIST EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY  

E-print Network

MEDICAL LEAVE CHECKLIST EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY 1. Discuss your Leave of Absence with your Supervisor. 2. For additional information on Leaves of Absence, and to obtain the UCF Medical Leave Request of Medical Leave Request Form" which is part of the Request form. Be sure you understand your

Wu, Shin-Tson

372

Applying Employee Involvement in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The applicability of employee-involvement approaches to the management of schools is explored, describing three approaches (parallel-suggestion involvement, job involvement, and high involvement). Design issues (technology; organizational structure; leadership; organizational boundaries, customer definition, and relation to stakeholder; measures;…

Mohrman, Susan Albers; And Others

1992-01-01

373

Microbial carbon turnover in the plant-rhizosphere-soil continuum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil microbial biomass contributes significantly to maintenance of soil organic matter (SOM). It is well known that biochemical fractions of soil microorganisms have varying turnover and therefore contribute differentially to soil C storage. Here we compare the turnover rates of different microbial biochemical fractions using a pulse chase 13CO2 plant labelling experiment. The isotope signal was temporally traced into rhizosphere soil microorganisms using the following biomarkers: DNA, RNA, fatty acids and chloroform fumigation extraction derived microbial biomass size classes. C flow into soil microbial functional groups was assessed through phospholipid and neutral lipid fatty acid (PLFA/NLFA) analyses. Highest 13C enrichment was seen in the low molecular weight (LMW) size class of microbial biomass (??13C =151) and in nucleic acids (DNA: 38o RNA: 66) immediately after the pulse followed by a sharp drop. The amount of 13C in the high molecular weight (HMW) microbial biomass (17-81) and total fatty acids (32-54) was lower initially and stayed relatively steady over the 4 weeks experimental period. We found significant differences in turnover rates of different microbial biochemical and size fractions. We infer that LMW cytosolic soluble compounds are rapidly metabolized and linked to respiratory C fluxes, whereas mid-sized products of microbial degradation and HMW polymeric compounds have lower renewal rate in that order. The turnover of cell wall fatty acids was also very slow. DNA and RNA showed faster turnover rate; and as expected RNA renewal was the fastest due to its rapid production by active microorganisms independent of cell replication. 13C incorporation into different functional groups confirmed that mutualistic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi rely on root C and are important in the initial plant C flux. We substantiated through measurements of isotope incorporation into bacterial RNA that rhizosphere bacteria are also important in the initial C conduit from plants. Other saprophytic fungi and bacteria show a delayed 13C incorporation pattern which could suggest secondary 13C assimilation often indicative of trophic interactions. Thus, different soil microbial biochemical fractions as well as functional groups show differential C turnover which could have implications on soil C storage.

Malik, Ashish; Dannert, Helena; Griffiths, Robert; Thomson, Bruce; Gleixner, Gerd

2014-05-01

374

20 CFR 226.12 - Employee vested dual benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Section 226.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT COMPUTING EMPLOYEE, SPOUSE...requirements: (1) Employee worked in the railroad industry in 1974. An employee who...

2014-04-01

375

5 CFR 843.309 - Basic employee death benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Basic employee death benefit. 843.309 Section 843.309... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.309 Basic employee death benefit. (a) Except as...

2013-01-01

376

5 CFR 843.309 - Basic employee death benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Basic employee death benefit. 843.309 Section 843.309... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.309 Basic employee death benefit. (a) Except as...

2014-01-01

377

5 CFR 843.309 - Basic employee death benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Basic employee death benefit. 843.309 Section 843.309... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.309 Basic employee death benefit. (a) Except as...

2012-01-01

378

5 CFR 843.309 - Basic employee death benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Basic employee death benefit. 843.309 Section 843.309... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.309 Basic employee death benefit. (a) Except as...

2011-01-01

379

5 CFR 843.309 - Basic employee death benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Basic employee death benefit. 843.309 Section 843.309... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Current...Benefits § 843.309 Basic employee death benefit. (a) Except as...

2010-01-01

380

Employee Stock Ownership Plans: Issues and Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employee stock ownership schemes have been gaining increased attention in Australia. Recent statements by the opposition federal coalition concerning their industrial relations policy, as well as initiatives by the employee ownership lobby, have contributed to the re-emergence of the idea of employee owned or managed business enterprises as a viable form of organization. However, unlike the situation in countries such

Michael J. Aitken; Robert E. Wood

1989-01-01

381

General employee training: Initial needs assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

US Department of Energy Orders, including those for Emergency Preparedness, require that DOE facility employees receive a preparatory course on certain basic work practices and employee responsibilities before receiving any job-specific training. Most of this general information is required for employees to either prevent or to handle emergency situations that may arise in the workplace. While the categories are general,

E. Jones; E. D. Copenhaver

1987-01-01

382

DTS Employee Electronic Timecard Quick Step Guide  

E-print Network

1 DTS Employee Electronic Timecard Quick Step Guide 1. Login to Duke@Work (work.duke.edu) 2. Select entry later or Click Submit to send to approver for approval. #12;2 DTS Employees Login To Duke. Click Here to Launch Timecard (work.duke.edu) #12;DTS Electronic Timecard Layout 1. Employee & Secondary

McShea, Daniel W.

383

Quantification of cell turnover kinetics using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine.  

PubMed

5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) is frequently used to measure the turnover of cell populations in vivo. However, due to a lack of detailed mathematical models that describe the uptake and loss of BrdU in dividing cell populations, assessments of cell turnover kinetics have been largely qualitative rather than quantitative. In this study, we develop a mathematical framework for the analysis of BrdU-labeling experiments. We derive analytical expressions for the fraction of labeled cells within cell populations that are growing, declining, or at equilibrium. Fitting the analytical functions to data allows us to quantify the rates of cell proliferation and cell loss, as well as the rate of cell input from a source. We illustrate this for the BrdU labeling of T lymphocytes of uninfected and SIV-infected rhesus macaques. PMID:10799860

Bonhoeffer, S; Mohri, H; Ho, D; Perelson, A S

2000-05-15

384

Employee Interest Survey This employee interest survey is designed to assess employee interests in worksite wellness  

E-print Network

in worksite wellness programs and to find out more about their health habits. Information will be used to help plan a wellness program that meets the needs of employees at your worksite. All information-Purcell, PhD, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service health specialist, at (979) 845-1804, or email at ncpurcell

385

Enterprise performance and management turnover in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effect of management turnover on changes in enterprise performance, using a cross-section of 706 Czech firms over the 1993–1997 period. Controlling for initial conditions, equity holdings by managers, and firm- and sector-specific effects, we find that the appointment of new managers is associated with improvements in profit margins and labor productivity, particularly if those managers were selected

Stijn Claessens; Simeon Djankov

1999-01-01

386

The Holocene Turnover - A global climatic shift at ~4 Ka  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the Holocene there was arguably only one global climate shift that involved significant reorganizations of ocean and atmosphere circulation patterns as well as various terrestrial systems. Based on a recent compilation of glacier records we posit that this significant climatic transition occurred ~4000 cal yrs BP and we refer to it as 'the Holocene Turnover' (Paasche et al., 2004). As opposed to the discussions concerning timing, magnitude and the spatial extent of climatic episodes such as 'The Little Ice Age' (LIA) and the 'Medieval Warm Period' (MWP) (e.g. Bradley et al., 2003), we demonstrate in this study that the Holocene Turnover seems to represent a dynamical adjustment that subsequently resulted in the establishment of a new climate regime or mode rather than being a multi-decadal or centennial deviation from mean conditions. Glaciers all over Scandinavia, including Spitsbergen, reformed and advanced shortly after 5-4 ka and without exception they still exist today. A number of glacier records from South America corroborate the very same pattern, underlying the global imprint of this transition. Moreover, a number of observations from the North Atlantic suggest that the overall trend indicates that the climate not only became cooler at that time, but also that the winter precipitation increased, at least over Western Scandinavia. Ice core data from Greenland are among the many land records that demonstrate such cooling (Dahl-Jensen et al., 1998). Several high-resolution marine records from the Nordic Seas reveal cooler surface waters and alternating currents (Risebrobakken et al., 2004). The onset of the Holocene Turnover coincides with reduced temperature difference between the eastern and western part of the North Sea (Andersen et al., 2004). Here we seek to synthesise available data, with special emphasis on glacier records, in order to better document and understand what the forcing mechanisms for the Holocene Turnover might have been.

Paasche, Ø.; Bakke, J.

2009-04-01

387

Pattern and process in Amazon tree turnover, 1976-2001.  

PubMed

Previous work has shown that tree turnover, tree biomass and large liana densities have increased in mature tropical forest plots in the late twentieth century. These results point to a concerted shift in forest ecological processes that may already be having significant impacts on terrestrial carbon stocks, fluxes and biodiversity. However, the findings have proved controversial, partly because a rather limited number of permanent plots have been monitored for rather short periods. The aim of this paper is to characterize regional-scale patterns of 'tree turnover' (the rate with which trees die and recruit into a population) by using improved datasets now available for Amazonia that span the past 25 years. Specifically, we assess whether concerted changes in turnover are occurring, and if so whether they are general throughout the Amazon or restricted to one region or environmental zone. In addition, we ask whether they are driven by changes in recruitment, mortality or both. We find that: (i) trees 10 cm or more in diameter recruit and die twice as fast on the richer soils of southern and western Amazonia than on the poorer soils of eastern and central Amazonia; (ii) turnover rates have increased throughout Amazonia over the past two decades; (iii) mortality and recruitment rates have both increased significantly in every region and environmental zone, with the exception of mortality in eastern Amazonia; (iv) recruitment rates have consistently exceeded mortality rates; (v) absolute increases in recruitment and mortality rates are greatest in western Amazonian sites; and (vi) mortality appears to be lagging recruitment at regional scales. These spatial patterns and temporal trends are not caused by obvious artefacts in the data or the analyses. The trends cannot be directly driven by a mortality driver (such as increased drought or fragmentation-related death) because the biomass in these forests has simultaneously increased. Our findings therefore indicate that long-acting and widespread environmental changes are stimulating the growth and productivity of Amazon forests. PMID:15212092

Phillips, O L; Baker, T R; Arroyo, L; Higuchi, N; Killeen, T J; Laurance, W F; Lewis, S L; Lloyd, J; Malhi, Y; Monteagudo, A; Neill, D A; Vargas, P Núñez; Silva, J N M; Terborgh, J; Martínez, R Vásquez; Alexiades, M; Almeida, S; Brown, S; Chave, J; Comiskey, J A; Czimczik, C I; Di Fiore, A; Erwin, T; Kuebler, C; Laurance, S G; Nascimento, H E M; Olivier, J; Palacios, W; Patiño, S; Pitman, N C A; Quesada, C A; Saldias, M; Lezama, A Torres; Vinceti, B

2004-03-29

388

Belowground carbon turnover in a temperate ombrotrophic bog  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine belowground carbon (C) turnover in peatlands, we measured fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) by chamber measurements, estimated respiration by in situ incubations of peat, and in situ production of dissolved carbon (CO2; CH4; and dissolved organic carbon, DOC) by pore water modeling at an ombrotrophic temperate bog. Ecosystem respiration (ER) averaged 205 mmol m-2 d-1

Christian Blodau; Nigel T. Roulet; Tobias Heitmann; Heather Stewart; Julia Beer; Peter Lafleur; Tim R. Moore

2007-01-01

389

Belowground carbon turnover in a temperate ombrotrophic bog  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine belowground carbon (C) turnover in peatlands, we measured fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) by chamber measurements, estimated respiration by in situ incubations of peat, and in situ production of dissolved carbon (CO2; CH4; and dissolved organic carbon, DOC) by pore water modeling at an ombrotrophic temperate bog. Ecosystem respiration (ER) averaged 205 mmol m?2 d?1

Christian Blodau; Nigel T. Roulet; Tobias Heitmann; Heather Stewart; Julia Beer; Peter Lafleur; Tim R. Moore

2007-01-01

390

Plant turnover and productivity growth in Canadian manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entry is important because new firms and new plants provide an important source of competition to incumbents. They are a source of new products and technologies. In this article, we outline the size of the turnover in plants that have entered and exited the Canadian manufacturing sector over each of three periods--1973--1979, 1979--1988, and 1988--1997. We also examine the contribution

John R. Baldwin; Wulong Gu

2006-01-01

391

Biochemical Measurements of Bone Turnover in Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

:   Biochemical measurements of bone turnover are helpful in the study of the pathophysiology of skeletal metabolism and growth.\\u000a However, interpretation of their results is difficult because they depend on age, pubertal stage, growth velocity, mineral\\u000a accrual, hormonal regulation, nutritional status, circadian variation, day-to-day variation, method of expression of results\\u000a of urinary markers, specificity for bone tissue, sensitivity and specificity

P. Szulc; E. Seeman; P. D. Delmas

2000-01-01

392

Pattern and process in Amazon tree turnover, 1976-2001.  

PubMed Central

Previous work has shown that tree turnover, tree biomass and large liana densities have increased in mature tropical forest plots in the late twentieth century. These results point to a concerted shift in forest ecological processes that may already be having significant impacts on terrestrial carbon stocks, fluxes and biodiversity. However, the findings have proved controversial, partly because a rather limited number of permanent plots have been monitored for rather short periods. The aim of this paper is to characterize regional-scale patterns of 'tree turnover' (the rate with which trees die and recruit into a population) by using improved datasets now available for Amazonia that span the past 25 years. Specifically, we assess whether concerted changes in turnover are occurring, and if so whether they are general throughout the Amazon or restricted to one region or environmental zone. In addition, we ask whether they are driven by changes in recruitment, mortality or both. We find that: (i) trees 10 cm or more in diameter recruit and die twice as fast on the richer soils of southern and western Amazonia than on the poorer soils of eastern and central Amazonia; (ii) turnover rates have increased throughout Amazonia over the past two decades; (iii) mortality and recruitment rates have both increased significantly in every region and environmental zone, with the exception of mortality in eastern Amazonia; (iv) recruitment rates have consistently exceeded mortality rates; (v) absolute increases in recruitment and mortality rates are greatest in western Amazonian sites; and (vi) mortality appears to be lagging recruitment at regional scales. These spatial patterns and temporal trends are not caused by obvious artefacts in the data or the analyses. The trends cannot be directly driven by a mortality driver (such as increased drought or fragmentation-related death) because the biomass in these forests has simultaneously increased. Our findings therefore indicate that long-acting and widespread environmental changes are stimulating the growth and productivity of Amazon forests. PMID:15212092

Phillips, O L; Baker, T R; Arroyo, L; Higuchi, N; Killeen, T J; Laurance, W F; Lewis, S L; Lloyd, J; Malhi, Y; Monteagudo, A; Neill, D A; Vargas, P Núñez; Silva, J N M; Terborgh, J; Martínez, R Vásquez; Alexiades, M; Almeida, S; Brown, S; Chave, J; Comiskey, J A; Czimczik, C I; Di Fiore, A; Erwin, T; Kuebler, C; Laurance, S G; Nascimento, H E M; Olivier, J; Palacios, W; Patiño, S; Pitman, N C A; Quesada, C A; Saldias, M; Lezama, A Torres; Vinceti, B

2004-01-01

393

Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diverse sex-chromosome systems are found in vertebrates, particularly in teleost fishes, where different systems can be found in closely related species. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the rapid turnover of sex chromosomes, including the transposition of an existing sex-determination gene, the appearance of a new sex-determination gene on an autosome, and fusions between sex chromosomes and autosomes. To better

Joseph A. Ross; James R. Urton; Jessica Boland; Michael D. Shapiro; Catherine L. Peichel

2009-01-01

394

Organic carbon turnover time in deep-sea benthos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ratio of organic carbon supply to the deep-sea floor estimated with sediment traps to total benthic biomass (in terms of organic carbon concentration) was used to calculate “average” turnover or residence times for the benthic community over a broad depth interval in the western North Atlantic. Ratios indicate that the biomass carbon turns over on average time scales of months, with little predictable variation over the depth interval (70m to 5300m). Detrital organic carbon in sediments at the same stations turned over on scales of years to centuries. The shortest detrital carbon turnover was just over 8 years in a sandy continental shelf environment versus 609 years at 5.3km depth on the Hatteras Abyssal Plain. The turnover time estimates calculated with POC fluxes were assessed by comparing POC fluxes with estimates of total community respiration. At each location the POC flux rates were greater than the sediment oxygen demand flux rates (in mg Carbon m -2d -1), and the disparity was much greater in the deep sea than on the continental margin. We suggest that this difference is primarily the result of a decline in the quality of the organic compounds in the rain of sinking POC, rather than physiological responses to cold or pressure. This implies that caution must be used when interpreting the relationships between the total organic carbon fluxes measured with sediment traps at great depths and rates of metabolic processes.

Rowe, Gilbert T.; Sibuet, Myriam; Deming, Jody; Tietjen, John; Khripounoff, Alexis

395

Rapid skeletal turnover in a radiographic mimic of osteopetrosis.  

PubMed

Among the high bone mass disorders, the osteopetroses reflect osteoclast failure that prevents skeletal resorption and turnover, leading to reduced bone growth and modeling and characteristic histopathological and radiographic findings. We report an 11-year-old boy with a new syndrome that radiographically mimics osteopetrosis (OPT), but features rapid skeletal turnover. He presented at age 21 months with a parasellar, osteoclast-rich giant cell granuloma. Radiographs showed a dense skull, generalized osteosclerosis and cortical thickening, medullary cavity narrowing, and diminished modeling of tubular bones. His serum alkaline phosphatase was >5000 IU/L (normal <850 IU/L). After partial resection, the granuloma re-grew but then regressed and stabilized during 3 years of uncomplicated pamidronate treatment. His hyperphosphatasemia transiently diminished, but all bone turnover markers, especially those of apposition, remained elevated. Two years after pamidronate therapy stopped, bone mineral density (BMD) Z-scores reached +9.1 and +5.8 in the lumbar spine and hip, respectively, and iliac crest histopathology confirmed rapid bone remodeling. Serum multiplex biomarker profiling was striking for low sclerostin. Mutation analysis was negative for activation of lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4), LRP5, or TGF?1, and for defective sclerostin (SOST), osteoprotegerin (OPG), RANKL, RANK, SQSTM1, or sFRP1. Microarray showed no notable copy number variation. Studies of his nonconsanguineous parents were unremarkable. The etiology and pathogenesis of this unique syndrome are unknown. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. PMID:24919763

Whyte, Michael P; Madson, Katherine L; Mumm, Steven; McAlister, William H; Novack, Deborah V; Blair, Jo C; Helliwell, Timothy R; Stolina, Marina; Abernethy, Laurence J; Shaw, Nicholas J

2014-12-01

396

Teacher turnover and teacher shortages: An organizational analysis  

E-print Network

Teacher Turnover and Teacher Shortages: An Organizational Analysis Contemporary educational theory holds that one of the pivotal causes of inadequate school performance is the inability of schools to adequately staff classrooms with qualified teachers. This theory also holds that these school staffing problems are primarily due to shortages of teachers, which, in turn, are primarily due to recent increases in teacher retirements and student enrollments. This analysis investigates the possibility that there are other factors- those tied to the organizational characteristics and conditions of schools- that are driving teacher turnover and, in turn, school staffing problems. The data utilized in this investigation are from the Schools and Staffing Survey and its supplement, the Teacher Followup Survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics. The results of the analysis indicate that school staffing problems are not primarily due to teacher shortages, in the technical sense of an insufficient supply of qualified teachers. Rather, the data indicate that school staffing problems are primarily due to excess demand resulting from a "revolving door "- where large numbers of qualified teachers depart their jobs for reasons other than retirement. Moreover, the data show that the amount of turnover accounted for by retirement is relatively minor when compared to that associated with other factors, such as teacher job dissatisfaction and teachers pursuing other

Richard Ingersoll

2001-01-01

397

Turnover and dispersal of prairie falcons in southwestern Idaho  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We studied Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) breeding dispersal, natal dispersal, and turnover at nesting areas in the Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area (NCA) from 1971- 95. Of 61 nesting areas where falcons identified one year were known to be present or absent the following year, 57% had a different falcon. This turnover rate was 2-3 times higher than that reported elsewhere for large falcons, and may have been related to high nesting densities in the NCA. Turnover at nesting areas was independent of nesting success in the previous year, but was significantly higher for females nesting on large cliffs. Mean distance between natal and breeding locations for 26 falcons banded as nestlings and later encountered as nesting adults was 8.9 km. Natal dispersal distances were similar for males and females, but more than twice as many males marked as nestlings were later encountered nesting in the NCA. Fourteen adult falcons found on different nesting areas in successive years moved an average of 1.5 km between nesting areas; males dispersed significantly farther than females. Natal and breeding dispersal distances in the NCA were lower than those reported for Prairie Falcons in other study areas. Only four falcons banded as nestlings were found outside NCA boundaries during the breeding period, and only one of these birds was known to be occupying a nesting area. We encountered no falcons banded outside the NCA occupying nesting areas in the NCA during this study.

Lehman, Robert N.; Steenhof, Karen; Carpenter, L.B.; Kochert, Michael N.

2000-01-01

398

Meta-analysis of the turnover of intestinal epithelia in preclinical animal species and humans.  

PubMed

Due to the rapid turnover of the small intestinal epithelia, the rate at which enterocyte renewal occurs plays an important role in determining the level of drug-metabolizing enzymes in the gut wall. Current physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models consider enzyme and enterocyte recovery as a lumped first-order rate. An assessment of enterocyte turnover would enable enzyme and enterocyte renewal to be modeled more mechanistically. A literature review together with statistical analysis was employed to establish enterocyte turnover in human and preclinical species. A total of 85 studies was identified reporting enterocyte turnover in 1602 subjects in six species. In mice, the geometric weighted combined mean (WX) enterocyte turnover was 2.81 ± 1.14 days (n = 169). In rats, the weighted arithmetic mean enterocyte turnover was determined to be 2.37 days (n = 501). Humans exhibited a geometric WX enterocyte turnover of 3.48 ± 1.55 days for the gastrointestinal epithelia (n = 265), displaying comparable turnover to that of cytochrome P450 enzymes in vitro (0.96-4.33 days). Statistical analysis indicated humans to display longer enterocyte turnover as compared with preclinical species. Extracted data were too sparse to support regional differences in small intestinal enterocyte turnover in humans despite being indicated in mice. The utilization of enterocyte turnover data, together with in vitro enzyme turnover in PBPK modeling, may improve the predictions of metabolic drug-drug interactions dependent on enzyme turnover (e.g., mechanism-based inhibition and enzyme induction) as well as absorption of nanoparticle delivery systems and intestinal metabolism in special populations exhibiting altered enterocyte turnover. PMID:25233858

Darwich, Adam S; Aslam, Umair; Ashcroft, Darren M; Rostami-Hodjegan, Amin

2014-12-01

399

National voluntary laboratory accreditation program: Energy efficient lighting products. Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this handbook is to set out procedures and technical requirements for the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) accreditation of laboratories which perform test methods covered by the Energy Efficient Lighting (EEL) Products program. It complements and supplements the NVLAP programmatic procedures and general requirements found in NIST Handbook 150 (PB94-178225). The interpretive comments and additional requirements contained in this handbook make the general NVLAP criteria specifically applicable to the EEL program.

Galowin, L.S.; Hall, W.; Rossiter, W.J.

1994-07-01

400

Evaluating Voluntary Climate Programs in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite serving as the principal basis of U.S. climate policy over the past two decades, corporate voluntary environmental programs have been subject to quite limited evaluation. The self-selection of participants—an essential element of such initiatives—poses particular challenges to researchers because the decision to participate may not be random and, in fact, may be correlated with the outcomes. The present study

William A. Pizer; Richard Morgenstern; Jhih-Shyang Shih

2010-01-01

401

Factors associated with variation in financial condition among voluntary hospitals.  

PubMed Central

This article uses multiple regression analysis to identify factors which affect variations in the financial condition of voluntary hospitals in New York State. Six separate ratios are used to measure financial condition and 18 independent variables are considered. The factors affecting financial conditions were found to vary among dimensions of financial health, and different causal relationships were evident among hospitals in New York City than among those in the rest of the state. PMID:4019212

Brecher, C; Nesbitt, S

1985-01-01

402

A voluntary logistics security program and international supply chain partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate the practices and value of a voluntary logistics security program, C-TPAT certification, and its impact on international supply chain collaboration. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Both case study and secondary data research methods were used to collect data from five companies (one customs broker, three importers, and one transporter\\/freight forwarder) at different supply chain positions. A case study protocol

Chwen Sheu; Lilly Lee; Brian Niehoff

2006-01-01

403

Core State Preconception Health Indicators: A Voluntary, Multistate Selection Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the consensus-based selection process undertaken by a voluntary committee of policy\\/program leaders\\u000a and epidemiologists from seven states to identify core state indicators to monitor the health of reproductive age women (aged\\u000a 18–44 years). Domains of preconception health were established based on priority areas within maternal and child health and\\u000a women’s health. Measures (i.e., potential indicators) addressing the domains

Danielle L. BroussardWilliam; William B. Sappenfield; Chris Fussman; Charlan D. Kroelinger; Violanda Grigorescu

2011-01-01

404

The impact of individual and job characteristics on 'burnout' among civil engineers in Australia and the implications for employee turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was undertaken to explore the experience of ‘burnout’ among engineers working in the Australian construction industry. The most widely recognized model of burnout, comprising emotional exhaustion, cynicism and a diminished sense of personal accomplishment was found to be valid. However, Australian engineers experience a strong sense of the social worth of their professional activity, independently of believing in

Helen Lingard

2003-01-01

405

Quantification method affects estimates of voluntary quadriceps activation.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of quantification method on estimates of voluntary quadriceps muscle activation. Twenty-two people with no history of serious lower extremity injuries underwent voluntary quadriceps activation testing at 60 degrees of knee flexion. Estimates of quadriceps activation were derived with: (1) a formula based on the interpolated twitch technique (ITT); (2) the central activation ratio (CAR); and (3) a modified central activation ratio. Predictive equations were developed that describe the relationships between the three methods. Significant differences (P < 0.001) were observed between the estimates of voluntary quadriceps muscle activation obtained using the three methods (ITT percent activation = 93.0 +/- 6.4%, CAR = 95.9 +/- 3.8%, modified CAR = 98.5 +/- 4.1%). Excellent correlation (r = 0.995) was observed between ITT-based percent activation and the CAR method. The associations between these methods and the modified CAR approach were weaker. Quantification method affects activation estimates. The equations developed will assist scientists in accurately comparing the results of studies that use different methods of quantifying activation. PMID:20229578

Krishnan, Chandramouli; Williams, Glenn N

2010-06-01

406

Individuals with intellectual disability have lower voluntary muscle activation level.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to explore the voluntary activation level during maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) versus individuals without ID using the twitch interpolation technique. Ten individuals with mild ID (ID group) and 10 sedentary men without ID (control group) participated in this study. The evaluation of neuromuscular function consisted in three brief MVCs (3s) of the knee extension superimposed with electrical nerve stimulation (NES) to measure voluntary activation. Muscle activity levels were also measured with surface EMG. The root mean square (RMS) was extracted from the EMG signal. The RMS/Mmax ratio and the neuromuscular efficiency (NME) were calculated. Our results reported that individuals with ID present lower muscle strength (p < 0.001), lower voluntary activation level (p < 0.001), lower RMS values of vastus lateralis (p < 0.05), vastus medialis (p < 0.05), and rectus femoris (p < 0.001) muscles. In addition, our results showed lower RMS/Mmax values in the ID group than in the control group for the VM (0.05 ± 0.01 mV vs. 0.04 ± 0.01 mV; p < 0.05) and the RF (0.06 ± 0.02 mV vs. 0.05 ± 0.02 mV; p < 0.05) muscles. However, no significant difference was reported for the VL muscle (0.05 ± 0.02 mV vs. 0.05 ± 0.02 mV; p=0.463). Moreover, Individuals with ID present smaller potentiated twitch (p < 0.001). However, no significant difference was reported in the NME ratio. These results suggest that the lower muscle strength known in individuals with ID is related to a central nervous system failure to activate motor units and to some abnormal intrinsic muscle properties. It seems that the inactive lifestyle adopted by individuals with ID is one of the most important factors of their lower voluntary activation levels. Therefore, physical activities should be introduced in life style of individuals with ID to improve their neuromuscular function. PMID:25241117

Borji, Rihab; Zghal, Firas; Zarrouk, Nidhal; Sahli, Sonia; Rebai, Haithem

2014-12-01

407

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in section 152(a). Life, sick, accident, or other benefits may take the form of cash or noncash benefits...the purpose of providing life, sick, accident...to a member. The term life benefit does not include...may be settled in the form of an annuity to...

2010-04-01

408

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. 1.501(c...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. (a) In general. The life, sick, accident, or other benefits provided...

2014-04-01

409

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. 1.501(c...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. (a) In general. The life, sick, accident, or other benefits provided...

2012-04-01

410

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. 1.501(c...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. (a) In general. The life, sick, accident, or other benefits provided...

2011-04-01

411

26 CFR 1.501(c)(9)-3 - Voluntary employees' beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. 1.501(c...beneficiary associations; life, sick, accident, or other benefits. (a) In general. The life, sick, accident, or other benefits provided...

2013-04-01

412

Effects of resistance training and protein supplementation on bone turnover in young adult women  

PubMed Central

Background The strength of aging bone depends on the balance between the resorption and formation phases of the remodeling process. The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction of two factors with the potential to exert opposing influences on bone turnover, resistance exercise training and high dietary protein intake. It was hypothesized that resistance training by young, healthy, untrained women with protein intakes near recommended levels (0.8 g·kg-1·d-1) would promote bone formation and/or inhibit bone resorption, and that subsequent supplementation to provide 2.4 g protein·kg-1·d-1 would reverse these effects. Methods Bone formation was assessed with serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and osteocalcin (OC), and bone resorption with urinary calcium and deoxypyridinoline (DPD). Biochemical, strength, anthropometric, dietary, and physical activity data were obtained from 24 healthy, untrained, eumenorrheic women (18–29y) at baseline, after eight weeks of resistance training (3 d·wk-1, ~1 hr·d-1; 3 sets, 6–10 repetitions, 13 exercises, 75–85% maximum voluntary contraction), and after 12 weeks of resistance training and 10 days of protein/placebo supplementation. Subjects were randomized (double-blind) to either a high protein (HP) or training control (TC) group and, during the final 10 days, consumed either enough purified whey protein to bring daily protein intake to 2.4 g·kg-1·d-1, or an equivalent dose of isoenergetic, carbohydrate placebo. Results Strength, lean tissue mass, and DPD increased significantly in both groups over time, while percent body fat and BAP decreased (repeated measures ANOVA, p ? 0.05, Bonferroni correction). No significant changes were observed for serum OC or urinary calcium, and no significant group (TC, HP) × time (baseline, week 8, week 12) interactions emerged for any of the biochemical measures. Conclusion (1) Twelve weeks of high-intensity resistance training did not appear to enhance bone formation or inhibit bone resorption in young adult women, as assessed by biochemical markers of bone metabolism. (2) Subsequent maintenance of a high protein intake for 10 days in these regularly-training, calcium-replete women also showed no effects on bone metabolism. PMID:16098231

Mullins, Nicole M; Sinning, Wayne E

2005-01-01

413

Moving towards universal coverage in South Africa? Lessons from a voluntary government insurance scheme  

PubMed Central

Background In 2005, the South African government introduced a voluntary, subsidised health insurance scheme for civil servants. In light of the global emphasis on universal coverage, empirical evidence is needed to understand the relationship between new health financing strategies and health care access thereby improving global understanding of these issues. Objectives This study analysed coverage of the South African government health insurance scheme, the population groups with low uptake, and the individual-level factors, as well as characteristics of the scheme, that influenced enrolment. Methods Multi-stage random sampling was used to select 1,329 civil servants from the health and education sectors in four of South Africa's nine provinces. They were interviewed to determine factors associated with enrolment in the scheme. The analysis included both descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression. Results Notwithstanding the availability of a non-contributory option within the insurance scheme and access to privately-provided primary care, a considerable portion of socio-economically vulnerable groups remained uninsured (57.7% of the lowest salary category). Non-insurance was highest among men, black African or coloured ethnic groups, less educated and lower-income employees, and those living in informal-housing. The relatively poor uptake of the contributory and non-contributory insurance options was mostly attributed to insufficient information, perceived administrative challenges of taking up membership, and payment costs. Conclusion Barriers to enrolment include insufficient information, unaffordability of payments and perceived administrative complexity. Achieving universal coverage requires good physical access to service providers and appropriate benefit options within pre-payment health financing mechanisms. PMID:23364093

Govender, Veloshnee; Chersich, Matthew F.; Harris, Bronwyn; Alaba, Olufunke; Ataguba, John E.; Nxumalo, Nonhlanhla; Goudge, Jane

2013-01-01

414

Soil microbial carbon turnover decreases with increasing molecular size  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is well established that soil microorganisms play an important role in respiration of newly fixed plant carbon. Recent results show that they also contribute significantly to soil organic matter (SOM) formation. We hypothesized that different molecular size classes of compounds in soil microbial biomass (SMB) have variable turnover time and in consequence influence SOM formation differentially. Here we used natural differences in carbon stable isotope signatures (?13C values) after C3-C4 vegetation change to track newly fixed C4 plant carbon into SMB molecular size classes. SMB was obtained by chloroform fumigation extraction and ?13C values of its size classes were measured using size exclusion chromatography coupled online to liquid chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (SEC-LC-IRMS). Resolved SMB was assigned to 5 size classes: 1800-9800 Da, 800-1800 Da, 380-800 Da, 180-380 Da and 50-180 Da. The contribution of recent C4 plant carbon to size classes of SMB decreased with increasing molecular weight (MW). It ranged from 77±19% in the lowest MW size class size class to 41±14% in the 1800-9800 Da size class in 'Sandy' soil and from 59±18% in the lowest MW size class to 8±15% in the highest MW size class in 'Clayey' soil. A decreasing carbon turnover of compounds in SMB extracts along a continuum of molecular size from small to large implies that low molecular weight microbial compounds are rapidly metabolized products that link to fast respiratory carbon fluxes, whereas high molecular weight ones could be products of microbial synthesis like structural compounds that have slower turnover rates and link to slower SOM formation.

Malik, Ashish; Gleixner, Gerd

2014-05-01

415

Centennial black carbon turnover observed in a Russia steppe soil  

SciTech Connect

Black carbon (BC), from incomplete combustion of fuels and biomass, has been considered highly recalcitrant and a substantial sink for carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown that BC can be degraded in soils. We use two soils with very low spatial variability sampled 100 years apart in a Russian steppe preserve to generate the first whole-profile estimate of BC stocks and turnover in the field. Quantities of fire residues in soil changed significantly over a century. Black carbon stock was 2.5 kg m{sup -2}, or about 7-10% of total organic C in 1900. With cessation of biomass burning, BC stocks decreased 25% over a century, which translates into a centennial soil BC turnover (293 years best estimate; range 182-541 years), much faster than so-called inert or passive carbon in ecosystem models. The turnover time presented here is for loss by all processes, namely decomposition, leaching, and erosion, although the latter two were probably insignificant in this case. Notably, at both time points, the peak BC stock was below 30 cm, a depth interval, which is not typically accounted for. Also, the quality of the fire residues changed with time, as indicated by the use benzene poly carboxylic acids (BPCA) as molecular markers. The proportions of less-condensed (and thus more easily degradable) BC structures decreased, whereas the highly condensed (and more recalcitrant) BC structures survived unchanged over the 100-year period. Our results show that BC cannot be assumed chemically recalcitrant in all soils, and other explanations for very old soil carbon are needed.

Hammes, K.; Torn, M.S.; Lapenas, A.G.; Schmidt, M.W.I.

2008-09-15

416

Building Muscles, Keeping Muscles: Protein Turnover During Space Flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As we age we lose muscle mass and strength. The problem is a matter of use it or lose it and more - a fact to which any active senior can attest. An imbalance in the natural cycle of protein turnover may be a contributing factor to decreased muscle mass. But the answer is not so simple, since aging is associated with changes in hormones, activity levels, nutrition, and often, disease. The human body constantly uses amino acids to build muscle protein, which then breaks down and must be replaced. When protein turnover gets out of balance, so that more protein breaks down than the body can replace, the result is muscle loss. This is not just the bane of aging, however. Severely burned people may have difficulty building new muscle long after the burned skin has been repaired. Answers to why we lose muscle mass and strength - and how doctors can fix it - may come from space. Astronauts usually eat a well-balanced diet and maintain an exercise routine to stay in top health. During long-duration flight, they exercise regularly to reduce the muscle loss that results from being in a near-weightless environment. Despite these precautions, astronauts lose muscle mass and strength during most missions. They quickly recover after returning to Earth - this is a temporary condition in an otherwise healthy population. Members of the STS-107 crew are participating in a study of the effects of space flight, hormone levels, and stress on protein turnover. When we are under stress, the body responds with a change in hormone levels. Researchers hypothesize that this stress-induced change in hormones along with the near-weightlessness might result in the body synthesizing less muscle protein, causing muscles to lose their strength and size. Astronauts, who must perform numerous duties in a confined and unusual environment, experience some stress during their flight, making them excellent candidates for testing the researchers' hypothesis.

Ferrando, Arny; Bloomberg, Jacob; Lee, Angie (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

417

Transformational leadership moderates the relationship between emotional exhaustion and turnover intention among community mental health providers.  

PubMed

Public sector mental health care providers are at high risk for burnout and emotional exhaustion which negatively affect job performance and client satisfaction with services. Few studies have examined ways to reduce these associations, but transformational leadership may have a positive effect. We examine the relationships between transformational leadership, emotional exhaustion, and turnover intention in a sample of 388 community mental health providers. Emotional exhaustion was positively related to turnover intention, and transformational leadership was negatively related to both emotional exhaustion and turnover intention. Transformational leadership moderated the relationship between emotional exhaustion and turnover intention, indicating that having a transformational leader may buffer the effects of providers' emotional exhaustion on turnover intention. Investing in transformational leadership development for supervisors could reduce emotional exhaustion and turnover among public sector mental health providers. PMID:22052429

Green, Amy E; Miller, Elizabeth A; Aarons, Gregory A

2013-08-01

418

[Protein turnover during and after extended space flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A 15N-glycine tracer technique was used to study protein turnover in four Russian cosmonauts and two U.S. astronauts who had spent long time aboard the Russian orbital station MIR. As was shown, in space flight protein synthesis falls by 46% on the average, which substantially exceeds estimations made on the basis of data about bed-rested human subjects. Reduction in protein synthesis during space flight is connected with the negative energy balance; therefore, it appears imperative to keep balance between energy intake (foodstuffs) and expenditure by cosmonauts on long-term mission.

Stein, T. P.; Larina, I. M.; Leskiv, M. J.; Schluter, M. D.

2000-01-01

419

16 CFR 1031.5 - Criteria for Commission involvement in voluntary standards activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION ...voluntary safety standards for consumer products: (a) The likelihood...distributors, retailers, consumers, small business, public interests and...

2010-01-01

420

76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc. AGENCY...relinquishment from Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc. of its...

2011-11-17

421

76 FR 9350 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Rocky Mountain Patient Safety Organization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Rocky Mountain Patient Safety Organization AGENCY: Agency for...SUMMARY: Rocky Mountain Patient Safety Organization: AHRQ has...

2011-02-17

422

78 FR 40146 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Northern Metropolitan Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Northern Metropolitan Patient Safety Institute AGENCY: Agency for...SUMMARY: The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act...

2013-07-03

423

78 FR 59036 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Cogent Patient Safety Organization, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Cogent Patient Safety Organization, Inc. AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act...

2013-09-25

424

Managing employee apprehension toward handling cytotoxic drugs.  

PubMed

A strategy for dealing with employee apprehension about handling cytotoxic agents without a biological safety cabinet is described. Available evidence in the literature concerning the health risks of handling cytotoxic drugs was reviewed with employees. A committee was appointed to evaluate the institution's needs and current practices for handling cytotoxic agents. Airflow studies were conducted in the pharmacy department's sterile preparation areas, and policies and procedures were developed for use until biological safety cabinets could be installed. Plans were developed for dealing with special situations, such as exemption of certain employees from preparation of cytotoxic drugs or refusal of an employee to prepare these drugs. Managers can substantially reduce employees' apprehension about handling cytotoxic drugs by keeping employees informed about departmental plans, listening to their concerns, and developing procedures for safe handling of these agents. PMID:4014233

Moore, T D; Hale, K M; Cortese, L M; Fillmore, A D; Jozefczyk, K G; Scala, S M; Wellman, G S

1985-04-01

425

Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this chapter is to offer an overview and analysis of all the cases rendered during 1980 concerning the legal parameters of employment issues in institutions of higher education. Judicial review of employment decisions encompassed a broad range of actions, including selection and appointment; dismissal and nonrenewal; the termination…

Jones, Thomas N.

426

Employee motivation: training, idea generation, incentive approaches.  

PubMed

If the terms "skill-building," "idea generation" and "rewards programming system" are not part of your vocabulary or strategy to motivate employees in your medical record department, this article will provide some valuable insights. A successful motivation program based on these elements will benefit both employee and employer by providing stronger employee participation, more job satisfaction, enhanced productivity and overall increased success. PMID:10276715

Alpert, M S

1986-05-01

427

Forearm muscle oxygenation decreases with low levels of voluntary contraction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of our investigation was to determine if the near infrared spectroscopy technique was sensitive to changes in tissue oxygenation at low levels of isometric contraction in the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle. Nine subjects were seated with the right arm abducted to 45 degrees, elbow flexed to 85 degrees, forearm pronated 45 degrees, and wrist and forearm supported on an armrest throughout the protocol. Altered tissue oxygenation was measured noninvasively with near infrared spectroscopy. The near infrared spectroscopy probe was placed over the extensor carpi radialis brevis of the subject's right forearm and secured with an elastic wrap. After 1 minute of baseline measurements taken with the muscle relaxed, four different loads were applied just proximal to the metacarpophalangeal joint such that the subjects isometrically contracted the extensor carpi radialis brevis at 5, 10, 15, and 50% of the maximum voluntary contraction for 1 minute each. A 3-minute recovery period followed each level of contraction. At the end of the protocol, with the probe still in place, a value for ischemic tissue oxygenation was obtained for each subject. This value was considered the physiological zero and hence 0% tissue oxygenation. Mean tissue oxygenation (+/-SE) decreased from resting baseline (100% tissue oxygenation) to 89 +/- 4, 81 +/- 8, 78 +/- 8, and 47 +/- 8% at 5, 10, 15, and 50% of the maximum voluntary contraction, respectively. Tissue oxygenation levels at 10, 15, and 50% of the maximum voluntary contraction were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than the baseline value. Our results indicate that tissue oxygenation significantly decreases during brief, low levels of static muscle contraction and that near infrared spectroscopy is a sensitive technique for detecting deoxygenation noninvasively at low levels of forearm muscle contraction. Our findings have important implications in occupational medicine because oxygen depletion induced by low levels of muscle contraction may be directly linked to muscle fatigue.

Murthy, G.; Kahan, N. J.; Hargens, A. R.; Rempel, D. M.

1997-01-01

428

Multi-class EEG classification of voluntary hand movement directions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective. Studies have shown that low frequency components of brain recordings provide information on voluntary hand movement directions. However, non-invasive techniques face more challenges compared to invasive techniques. Approach. This study presents a novel signal processing technique to extract features from non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG) recordings for classifying voluntary hand movement directions. The proposed technique comprises the regularized wavelet-common spatial pattern algorithm to extract the features, mutual information-based feature selection, and multi-class classification using the Fisher linear discriminant. EEG data from seven healthy human subjects were collected while they performed voluntary right hand center-out movement in four orthogonal directions. In this study, the movement direction dependent signal-to-noise ratio is used as a parameter to denote the effectiveness of each temporal frequency bin in the classification of movement directions. Main results. Significant (p < 0.005) movement direction dependent modulation in the EEG data was identified largely towards the end of movement at low frequencies (?6 Hz) from the midline parietal and contralateral motor areas. Experimental results on single trial classification of the EEG data collected yielded an average accuracy of (80.24 ± 9.41)% in discriminating the four different directions using the proposed technique on features extracted from low frequency components. Significance. The proposed feature extraction strategy provides very high multi-class classification accuracies, and the results are proven to be more statistically significant than existing methods. The results obtained suggest the possibility of multi-directional movement classification from single-trial EEG recordings using the proposed technique in low frequency components.

Robinson, Neethu; Guan, Cuntai; Vinod, A. P.; Keng Ang, Kai; Tee, Keng Peng

2013-10-01

429

Prepare employees for customer contact  

SciTech Connect

Company policies that should be established to assist management to direct employees to want to do whatever must be done to achieve the company's goals are discussed. Each service department should have a written policy on how to deal with customers so that the company's image of high quality service will be maintained, no matter what the service technician may run into in the field. Many companies spend considerable money each year to promote their image through advertising. They should also continue to promote their image after the service call has been dispatched.

Keeler, J.A.

1984-12-01

430

High-speed camera characterization of voluntary eye blinking kinematics  

E-print Network

of eyelids and tears in corneal wetting and the dynamics of the normal human eye 89, 507–516. 4. Bologna M, Agostin Ottaviani D, Colosim 2009 Voluntary, spo patients with clinic supranuclear palsy. 1093/brain/awn317bbrini G, Berardelli A. s and reflex... blinking in able progressive 32, 502–510. (doi:10. Eng. Comput. 41, 146–150. (doi:10.1007/ BF02344882) 6. Choi SH, Yoon TH, Lee KS, Ahn JH, Chung JW. 2007 Blepharokymographic analysis of eyelid motion in Bell’s palsy. Laryngoscope 117,tary blink could...

Kwon, Kyung-Ah; Shipley, Rebecca J.; Edirisinghe, Mohan; Ezra, Daniel G.; Rose, Geoff; Best, Serena M.; Cameron, Ruth E.

2013-06-12

431

Benzyl alcohol increases voluntary ethanol drinking in rats.  

PubMed

The anabolic steroid nandrolone decanoate has been reported to increase voluntary ethanol intake in Wistar rats. In recent experiments we received opposite results, with decreased voluntary ethanol intake in both high drinking AA and low drinking Wistar rats after nandrolone treatment. The difference between the two studies was that we used pure nandrolone decanoate in oil, whereas in the previous study the nandrolone product Deca-Durabolin containing benzyl alcohol (BA) was used. The aims of the present study were to clarify whether the BA treatment could promote ethanol drinking and to assess the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-gonadal axes (HPAGA) in the potential BA effect. Male AA and Wistar rats received subcutaneously BA or vehicle oil for 14 days. Hereafter followed a 1-week washout and consecutively a 3-week voluntary alcohol consumption period. The median (± median absolute deviation) voluntary ethanol consumption during the drinking period was higher in BA-treated than in control rats (4.94 ± 1.31 g/kg/day vs. 4.17 ± 0.31 g/kg/day, p = 0.07 and 1.01 ± 0.26 g/kg/day vs. 0.38 ± 0.27 g/kg/day, p = 0.05, for AA and Wistar rats, respectively; combined effect p < 0.01). The present results can explain the previous discrepancy between the two nandrolone studies. No significant BA effects on basal and ethanol-mediated serum testosterone and corticosterone levels were observed in blood samples taken at days 1, 8 and 22. However, 2h after ethanol administration significantly (p = 0.02) higher frequency of testosterone elevations was detected in high drinking AA rats compared to low drinking Wistars, which supports our previous hypotheses of a role of testosterone elevation in promoting ethanol drinking. Skin irritation and dermatitis were shown exclusively in the BA-treated animals. Altogether, the present results indicate that earlier findings obtained with Deca-Durabolin containing BA need to be re-evaluated. PMID:24871566

Etelälahti, T J; Eriksson, C J P

2014-09-01

432

Myoelectric alterations after voluntary induced high - and low - frequency fatigue.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to find whether voluntary induced high- and low-frequency peripheral fatigue exhibit specific alteration in surface EMG signal (SEMG) during evoked and maximum voluntary contractions. Ten male students of physical education performed 60 s long stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) exercise with maximal intensity and 30 s long concentric (CON) exercise with maximal intensity. To verify voluntary induced peripheral fatigue, knee torques during low- (T20) and high-frequency electrical stimulation (T100) of relaxed vastus lateralis muscle (VL) were obtained. Contractile properties of the VL were measured with passive twitch and maximal voluntary knee extension test (MVC). Changes in M-waves and SEMG during MVC test were used to evaluate the differences in myoelectrical signals. T100/T20 ratio decreased by 10.9 ± 8.4 % (p < 0.01) after the SSC exercise and increased by 35.9 ± 17.5 % (p < 0.001) after the CON exercise. Significant SEMG changes were observed only after the CON exercise where peak to peak time of the M-waves increased by 9.2 ± 13.3 % (p < 0.06), SEMG amplitude during MVC increased by 32.9 ± 21.6 % (p < 0.001) and SEMG power spectrum median frequency decreased by 11.0 ± 10.5 % (p < 0.05). It is concluded that high frequency fatigue wasn't reflected in SEMG, however the SEMG changes after the CON seemed to reflect metabolic changes due to acidosis. Key pointsThe SSC exercise induced high-frequency fatigue which was not reflected in any SEMG change.The CON exercise induced dominantly low-frequency fatigue where only SEMG during MVC changedMuscle fibre membrane excitability was not changed due to low- and high-frequency fatigue but mainly reflected metabolic changes.Changes in muscle compound action potential did not follow those changes seen after electrically elicited HF and LF fatigue. PMID:24149456

Tomazin, Katja; Sarabon, Nejc; Strojnik, Vojko

2008-01-01

433

Voluntary cleanup of the Ames chemical disposal site.  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy completed a voluntary removal action at the Ames chemical disposal site, a site associated with the early days of the Manhattan Project. It contained chemical and low-level radioactive wastes from development of the technology to extract uranium from uranium oxide. The process included the preparation of a Remedial Investigation, Feasibility Study, Baseline Risk Assessment, and, ultimately, issuance of a Record of Decision. Various stakeholder groups were involved, including members of the regulatory community, the general public, and the landowner, Iowa State University. The site was restored and returned to the landowner for unrestricted use.

Taboas, A. L.; Freeman, R.; Peterson, J.; Environmental Assessment; USDOE

2003-01-01

434

VCP Network State of Florida Employees  

E-print Network

sclerosis, brain tumors, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.2 Exceptional service You expect exceptional symptoms, your employees may be unaware of problems. Early diagnosis and treatment are important

Fernandez, Eduardo

435

40 CFR 68.83 - Employee participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Program 3 Prevention Program § 68.83 Employee participation. (a) The owner or operator shall...

2010-07-01

436

Turnover of dhurrin in green sorghum seedlings. [Sorghum bicolor  

SciTech Connect

The turnover of dhurrin in green seedlings of Sorghum bicolor (Linn) Moench var Redland x Greenleaf, Sudan 70 has been investigated using glyphosate and pulse-labeling studies with {sup 14}C-tyrosine and ({sup 14}C)shikimic acid. The rate of dhurrin breakdown was 4.8 nanomoles per hour in the shoot and 1.4 nanomoles per hour in the root. The rate of dhurrin accumulation in the shoot of 4- to 5-day-old seedlings was high but decreased with age until at the peak period of dhurrin accumulation, the rates of dhurrin synthesis and breakdown were equal. Using a first order equation (an approximation) the rate of dhurrin synthesis (which equals accumulation plus breakdown rates) was 17.4 nanomoles per hour in the shoot and 4.1 nanomoles per hour in the root. In both tissues, the breakdown rate was between 27 and 34% of their synthetic capacity within the experimental period. Dhurrin synthesis in green sorghum seedlings occurred in both the light and dark photoperiods but was faster in the dark period. The result is discussed in relation to the possible metabolic roles of the turnover.

Adewusi, S.R.A. (Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (Nigeria))

1990-11-01

437

Occupational Stress and Turnover Intention: Implications for Nursing Management  

PubMed Central

Background: The main purpose of this study was to explore the status of occupational stress among hospital nurses in Isfahan, Iran. It also aimed to examine the relationship between nurses’ occupational stress and their intention to leave the hospital. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional research design. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data from 296 nurses. Respondents were asked to rate the intensity of 30 common occupational stressors using a five-point scale. Results: A third of hospital nurses rated their occupational stress high. The major sources of stress were inadequate pay, inequality at work, too much work, staff shortage, lack of promotion, job insecurity and lack of management support. More than 35% of nurses stated that they are considering leaving the hospital, if they could find another job opportunity. Occupational stress was positively associated with nurses’ turnover intentions. Conclusion: Hospital managers should develop and apply appropriate policies and strategies to reduce occupational stress and consequently nurses’ turnover intention. PMID:24596858

Mosadeghrad, Ali Mohammad

2013-01-01

438

Nitrogen turnover in drying sediments of an Amazon floodplain lake.  

PubMed

In the Amazon floodplain large areas are subject to annual cycles of drying and rewetting. The turnover of nitrogen in the periodically drying sediments is an important regulator of floodplain fertility. In the present study the transition of a lake sediment from flooded to dry conditions was studied with respect to microbial nitrogen turnover. Soil nitrogen pools, as well as the activity and abundance of denitrifying and nitrifying bacteria, were investigated during one dry season. During the first weeks after drying, most of the inorganic nitrogen vanished from the sediment. The process was inhibited by a nitrification inhibitor, showing that coupled nitrification-denitrification was responsible for the nitrogen loss. Assimilation by plants or microbes, as well as leaching, were not important mechanisms of nitrogen loss. During a period of only 10 days, 59% of the total denitrification and 94% of the total N2O emission during the dry period occurred. Cell numbers of denitrifiers were not correlated with activities. Denitrification was not correlated with other sediment variables but was regulated by the patchy distribution of reduced and oxidized zones in the uppermost centimeters of the sediment. This heterogeneity was probably introduced by the bioturbation of small insects, which was restricted to a rather short time period shortly after drying. PMID:16047095

Koschorreck, Matthias

2005-05-01

439

Mathematical modeling of collagen turnover in biological tissue.  

PubMed

We present a theoretical and computational model for collagen turnover in soft biological tissues. Driven by alterations in the mechanical environment, collagen fiber bundles may undergo important chronic changes, characterized primarily by alterations in collagen synthesis and degradation rates. In particular, hypertension triggers an increase in tropocollagen synthesis and a decrease in collagen degradation, which lead to the well-documented overall increase in collagen content. These changes are the result of a cascade of events, initiated mainly by the endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Here, we represent these events collectively in terms of two internal variables, the concentration of growth factor TGF-? and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases TIMP. The upregulation of TGF-? increases the collagen density. The upregulation of TIMP also increases the collagen density through decreasing matrix metalloproteinase MMP. We establish a mathematical theory for mechanically-induced collagen turnover and introduce a computational algorithm for its robust and efficient solution. We demonstrate that our model can accurately predict the experimentally observed collagen increase in response to hypertension reported in literature. Ultimately, the model can serve as a valuable tool to predict the chronic adaptation of collagen content to restore the homeostatic equilibrium state in vessels with arbitrary micro-structure and geometry. PMID:23129392

Sáez, Pablo; Peña, Estefanía; Ángel Martínez, Miguel; Kuhl, Ellen

2013-12-01

440

Turnover of sex chromosomes in the stickleback fishes (gasterosteidae).  

PubMed

Diverse sex-chromosome systems are found in vertebrates, particularly in teleost fishes, where different systems can be found in closely related species. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the rapid turnover of sex chromosomes, including the transposition of an existing sex-determination gene, the appearance of a new sex-determination gene on an autosome, and fusions between sex chromosomes and autosomes. To better understand these evolutionary transitions, a detailed comparison of sex chromosomes between closely related species is essential. Here, we used genetic mapping and molecular cytogenetics to characterize the sex-chromosome systems of multiple stickleback species (Gasterosteidae). Previously, we demonstrated that male threespine stickleback fish (Gasterosteus aculeatus) have a heteromorphic XY pair corresponding to linkage group (LG) 19. In this study, we found that the ninespine stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) has a heteromorphic XY pair corresponding to LG12. In black-spotted stickleback (G. wheatlandi) males, one copy of LG12 has fused to the LG19-derived Y chromosome, giving rise to an X(1)X(2)Y sex-determination system. In contrast, neither LG12 nor LG19 is linked to sex in two other species: the brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans) and the fourspine stickleback (Apeltes quadracus). However, we confirmed the existence of a previously reported heteromorphic ZW sex-chromosome pair in the fourspine stickleback. The sex-chromosome diversity that we have uncovered in sticklebacks provides a rich comparative resource for understanding the mechanisms that underlie the rapid turnover of sex-chromosome systems. PMID:19229325

Ross, Joseph A; Urton, James R; Boland, Jessica; Shapiro, Michael D; Peichel, Catherine L

2009-02-01

441

Turnover of Sex Chromosomes in the Stickleback Fishes (Gasterosteidae)  

PubMed Central

Diverse sex-chromosome systems are found in vertebrates, particularly in teleost fishes, where different systems can be found in closely related species. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the rapid turnover of sex chromosomes, including the transposition of an existing sex-determination gene, the appearance of a new sex-determination gene on an autosome, and fusions between sex chromosomes and autosomes. To better understand these evolutionary transitions, a detailed comparison of sex chromosomes between closely related species is essential. Here, we used genetic mapping and molecular cytogenetics to characterize the sex-chromosome systems of multiple stickleback species (Gasterosteidae). Previously, we demonstrated that male threespine stickleback fish (Gasterosteus aculeatus) have a heteromorphic XY pair corresponding to linkage group (LG) 19. In this study, we found that the ninespine stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) has a heteromorphic XY pair corresponding to LG12. In black-spotted stickleback (G. wheatlandi) males, one copy of LG12 has fused to the LG19-derived Y chromosome, giving rise to an X1X2Y sex-determination system. In contrast, neither LG12 nor LG19 is linked to sex in two other species: the brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans) and the fourspine stickleback (Apeltes quadracus). However, we confirmed the existence of a previously reported heteromorphic ZW sex-chromosome pair in the fourspine stickleback. The sex-chromosome diversity that we have uncovered in sticklebacks provides a rich comparative resource for understanding the mechanisms that underlie the rapid turnover of sex-chromosome systems. PMID:19229325

Ross, Joseph A.; Urton, James R.; Boland, Jessica; Shapiro, Michael D.; Peichel, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

442

How to Turn Employees into Brand Ambassadors? A Conceptualization of Antecedents of Employees' Brand Citizenship  

E-print Network

#12;How to Turn Employees into Brand Ambassadors? A Conceptualization of Antecedents of Employees' Brand Citizenship Behavior and the Mediating Role of Organizational Identification. #12;Author Jeanette;Abstract In their role as brand ambassadors, employees are essential for building a strong corporate brand

Vellekoop, Michel

443

A Survey of Nondisabled Employees' Attitudes toward Supported Employees with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey administered to 212 co-workers of supported employees with mental retardation found that the co-workers' attitudes concerning supported employees' competence were not significantly affected by contact in the workplace or by the level of mental retardation. The majority of contacts between nondisabled and supported employees concentrated…

Shafer, Michael S.; And Others

1989-01-01

444

Employee Perceptions of Vision and Leadership: Effects of Employee Orientation Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study examines employee perceptions of organizational vision and leadership at three different time periods. New employees at a large manufacturing organization were surveyed regarding their perceptions of their organization's vision and leadership before they attended new employee orientation training, immediately after new…

Schmidt, Steven W.; Akdere, Mesut

2007-01-01

445

5 CFR 843.204 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2011-01-01

446

5 CFR 843.204 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2013-01-01

447

5 CFR 843.203 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2012-01-01

448

5 CFR 843.203 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2011-01-01

449

5 CFR 843.204 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2014-01-01

450

5 CFR 843.204 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2010-01-01

451

5 CFR 843.203 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2013-01-01

452

5 CFR 843.203 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2010-01-01

453

5 CFR 843.203 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2014-01-01

454

5 CFR 843.204 - Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee, or retiree if...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated employee... FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS One-time...Eligibility for a one-time payment upon death of an employee, separated...

2012-01-01

455

Diabetes, employment and fatigue-related complaints: a comparison between diabetic employees, "healthy" employees, and employees with other chronic diseases.  

PubMed

The work situation and fatigue-related complaints of employees with diabetes (N = 141) were compared with "healthy" employees (N = 8946) and employees with other chronic diseases (N = 1883). Baseline data from a Dutch Cohort Study on Fatigue at Work were used to test differences in background variables, work characteristics, lifestyle factors, and fatigue-related complaints. Odds ratios were calculated for prolonged fatigue, the need for recovery, burnout, and psychological distress. Results showed that employees with diabetes work more daytime hours and work less overtime than the other groups. If they have no comorbidity, they are no more likely to report fatigue-related complaints than "healthy" employees, except for a depressed mood. Comorbidity (the presence of one or more additional chronic diseases) is associated with increased fatigue-related complaints. Therefore, this group will need special attention from professionals. PMID:15300135

Weijman, Iris; Kant, Ijmert; Swaen, Gerard M; Ros, Wynand J G; Rutten, Guy E H M; Schaufeli, Wilmar B; Schabracq, Marc J; Winnubst, Jacques A M

2004-08-01

456

Persistence of Internal Representations of Alternative Voluntary Actions  

PubMed Central

We have investigated a situation in which externally available response alternatives and their internal representations could be dissociated, by suddenly removing some action alternatives from the response space during the interval between the free selection and the execution of a voluntary action. Choice reaction times in this situation were related to the number of initially available response alternatives, rather than to the number of alternatives available effectively available after the change in the external environment. The internal representations of response alternatives appeared to persist after external changes actually made the corresponding action unavailable. This suggests a surprising dynamics of voluntary action representations: counterfactual response alternatives persist, and may even be actively maintained, even when they are not available in reality. Our results highlight a representational basis for the counterfactual course of action. Such representations may play a key role in feelings of regret, disappointment, or frustration. These feelings all involve persistent representation of counterfactual response alternatives that may not actually be available in the environment. PMID:23653608

Filevich, Elisa; Haggard, Patrick

2013-01-01

457

The dead donor rule, voluntary active euthanasia, and capital punishment.  

PubMed

We argue that the dead donor rule, which states that multiple vital organs should only be taken from dead patients, is justified neither in principle nor in practice. We use a thought experiment and a guiding assumption in the literature about the justification of moral principles to undermine the theoretical justification for the rule. We then offer two real world analogues to this thought experiment, voluntary active euthanasia and capital punishment, and argue that the moral permissibility of terminating any patient through the removal of vital organs cannot turn on whether or not the practice violates the dead donor rule. Next, we consider practical justifications for the dead donor rule. Specifically, we consider whether there are compelling reasons to promulgate the rule even though its corresponding moral principle is not theoretically justified. We argue that there are no such reasons. In fact, we argue that promulgating the rule may actually decrease public trust in organ procurement procedures and medical institutions generally - even in states that do not permit capital punishment or voluntary active euthanasia. Finally, we examine our case against the dead donor rule in the light of common arguments for it. We find that these arguments are often misplaced - they do not support the dead donor rule. Instead, they support the quite different rule that patients should not be killed for their vital organs. PMID:19860747

Coons, Christian; Levin, Noah

2011-06-01

458

Elective Change of Surgeon During the OR Day Has an Operationally Negligible Impact on Turnover Time  

PubMed Central

Study Objective To compare turnover times for a series of elective cases with surgeons following themselves to turnover times for a series of previously scheduled, elective procedures where the following surgeon differed from the preceding surgeon. We also considered the effect of changing procedure types and the time of day on turnover time. Design Retrospective, cohort study. Setting University-affiliated teaching hospital. Measurements We used the operating room statistical database to gather 32 months of turnover data from a large academic institution. Turnover time data for the same-surgeon and surgeon-swap groups were batched by month to minimize autocorrelation and achieve data normalization. A two-way ANOVA using the monthly batched data was performed with surgeon swapping and changes in procedure category as variables of turnover time. Similar analyses were performed using individual surgical services and using hourly time intervals during the surgical day as additional covariates to surgeon swapping. Main Results The mean (95% confidence interval) same-surgeon turnover time was 43.6 (43.2 – 44.0) min versus 51.0 (50.5 – 51.6) min for a planned surgeon swap (p < 0.0001). This resulted in a difference (95% confidence interval) of 7.4 (6.8 – 8.1) min. The exact increase in turnover time was dependent on surgical service, change in subsequent procedure type, time of day when the turnover occurred, and turnover frequency per OR. Conclusions The investigated institution averages 2.5 cases per OR per day. The cumulative additional turnover time (far less than one hour per operating room per day) for switching surgeons definitely does not allow the addition of another elective procedure if the difference could be eliminated. A flexible scheduling policy allowing surgeon swapping rather than requiring full blocks incurs minimal additional staffed time during the OR day while allowing the schedule to be filled with available elective cases. PMID:25074630

Austin, Thomas M.; Lam, Humphrey V.; Shin, Naomi S.; Daily, Bethany J.; Dunn, Peter F.; Sandberg, Warren S.

2014-01-01

459

The psychological antecedents of employee referrals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how different psychological antecedents lead to different components of organizational commitment and employee referrals or employment recommendations in a people-based financial services context. Specifically, we consider the impact of position involvement, volitional choice, and informational complexity on affective, calculative, and normative commitment, which ultimately influences employee referrals in the context of a Flemish bank. Our conceptual model

Josée Bloemer

2010-01-01

460

Human Capital Development Policies: Enhancing Employees Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose--The aim of this article is to gain insight into some of the human capital development (HCD) policies that enhance employee satisfaction. A salient focus of the study is to assess whether employees in globalised foreign-owned MNCs are likely to be more satisfied with the HCD policies than with the practices employed by locally owned MNCs.…

Wan, Hooi Lan

2007-01-01

461

Speaking Up: Identifying Employees' Upward Dissent Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses strategies employees use to express upward dissent within contemporary organizations. Indicates that employees used direct-factual appeal, repetition, solution presentation, circumvention, and threatening-resignation strategies for expressing upward dissent. Provides support for the exit-voice-loyalty model (and subsequent revisions) of…

Kassing, Jeffrey W.

2002-01-01

462

HUMAN RESOURCES MANUAL SECTION 5: STUDENT EMPLOYEES  

E-print Network

HUMAN RESOURCES MANUAL SECTION 5: STUDENT EMPLOYEES 1 | P a g e S e c t i o n 4 Program, but are subject to withholdings for the Student Employee Retirement Plan (Refer to Section 1 of the Human comply with the University's nondiscrimination policy outlined in Section 1 of the Human Resources Manual

463

Organisational Learning and Employees' Intrinsic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of organisational learning initiatives on employee motivation. Four initiatives consistent with theories of organisational learning were a priori ranked in terms of concepts that underpin intrinsic-motivation theory. Eighteen employees in a UK petrochemical company were interviewed to ascertain their experiences of…

Remedios, Richard; Boreham, Nick

2004-01-01

464

Commonly overlooked dimensions of employee selection.  

PubMed

Most failures on the job are not due to lack of skills or ability. Therefore, according to psychologist Witkin, the employee selection process must also consider such factors as employee motivation, past performance, potential for failure, the emotional demands of the job, and the proper use of testing tools. PMID:10247395

Witkin, A A

1980-07-01

465

UNAPPROVED MINUTES PROVOST LEVEL EMPLOYEE COMMUNICATION COUNCIL  

E-print Network

UNAPPROVED MINUTES PROVOST LEVEL EMPLOYEE COMMUNICATION COUNCIL November 14, 2001 Meeting 99 and drug co-pays are directly related to the rise in healthcare costs. Many state employees are insured and it would benefit the plan and us. Long-term care insurance is available through Aetna U.S. Healthcare

Whittle, Mark

466

Factors Predicting Employees' Approval of Lean Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of influential studies advocate the adoption of a lean production system (LPS) in order to improve quality and efficiency in Western automotive plants. Critics argue that such systems place excessive demands upon employees. Very little survey data, however, is available on employees' attitudes toward lean production since companies are frequently reluctant to grant such access. Our survey of

Mark A. Shadur; John J. Rodwell; Greg J. Bamber

1995-01-01

467

A Collaborative University Model for Employee Wellness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are taking a more active approach in understanding and monitoring employees' modifiable health risk factors and chronic care conditions by developing strategies to encourage employees to start and sustain healthy behaviors. WellBama, the University of Alabama's signature health and wellness program, utilizes a collaborative model in…

Carter, Melondie R.; Kelly, Rebecca C.; Alexander, Chelley K.; Holmes, Lauren M.

2011-01-01

468

Catalyzing Employee Change with Transformative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Businesses, organizations, and government agencies have invested heavily in employee training. The American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) reports these costs as 2.15% of payroll (ASTD, 2008). A large amount of this investment is directed at improving employee knowledge and skills. Although most organizations are good at this, often a…

Franz, Nancy

2010-01-01

469

Theory versus practice in employee publications  

E-print Network

. Harriet Curtis, one of the woman employees, put the essays and papers written by the work force into magazine form and distributed it to the women working in the mills to increase their interest in their fellow employees. From this and other humble...

Godwin, Robbie Don

1962-01-01

470

Effective Managerial Communication through Employee Newsletters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the employee newsletter as a medium of managerial communication, and details the newsletter's usual contents and functions. Illustrates how managers can use newsletters to communicate information, as well as motivate employees and unify an organization. Describes the newsletter editor's role and typical problems editors encounter. (MM)

Waltman, John L.; Golen, Steven P.

1989-01-01

471

Smoking habits of oil refinery employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent epidemiologic studies of the mortality of oil refinery workers have reported low Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMRs) for lung cancer and other cancers linked to cigarette smoking. A suggested explanation is that refinery employees do not smoke because of the obvious danger of, and prohibition against, smoking in many refinery areas. To evaluate this hypothesis, data were analyzed from employees

P. F. D. Van Peenen; A. G. Blanchard; P. M. Wolkonsky

1984-01-01

472

Searching for Solutions: Supervising Student Employees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lending services units at Indiana State University's Cunningham Memorial Library depend heavily on student employees to fulfill their specific missions. Problems attributed to poor communication and lack of motivation among student employees were causing negative impacts on the units' abilities to function well. To resolve these problems,…

Comer, Alberta Davis

2003-01-01

473

Employee communication strategies for organizational crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps at no time is it more important for an organization to communicate sensitively and openly with its employees than during a crisis. Such efforts, however, are driven by management's view of a crisis situation, which frequently fails to consider employees' stress-induced responses to management communication behavior. This paper draws on research findings on life situations, crisis management, communication, stress,

J. David Pincus; Lalit Acharya I

1988-01-01

474

5 CFR 551.210 - Computer employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Computer employees. 551... (2) The design, development, documentation, analysis...of skills. (c) Computer manufacture and repair...exemption for employees in computer occupations does not...manufacture or repair of computer hardware and related...facilitated by, the use of computers and computer...

2010-01-01

475

Policy Title: Policy Number: Employee Reward,  

E-print Network

to the individual. The $100 limit for non-cash rewards/bonuses applies to the total value of all non-cash rewardsPolicy Title: Policy Number: Employee Reward, Recognition and Acknowledgement 3.3.1 Category: Human Resources Payroll Operations Tax Compliance University of Cincinnati Employee Reward Recognition

Papautsky, Ian

476

TO: All Universities Employees FROM: Payroll Office  

E-print Network

TO: All Universities Employees FROM: Payroll Office RE: W-2 Federal Wage and Tax Statements 1 for Auto Leases or Graduate Class Fee Waivers for Employees and/or dependents are shown in Box 14 on the Payroll web site http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/payroll/index.html or new forms may be completed

Moore, Paul A.

477

DEATH OF AN EMPLOYEE HUMAN RESOURCES GUIDELINE  

E-print Network

DEATH OF AN EMPLOYEE HUMAN RESOURCES GUIDELINE Human Resources | One Washington Square | San José, CA 95192-0046 | 408-924-2250 408-924-2284 (fax) I. PURPOSE / DESCRIPTION The death of an employee. 3. In reporting the death to HR, share as many details as are known at the time. 4. Designate

Su, Xiao

478

Employee Assistance Programmes in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes what American organizations are doing with respect to employees with alcohol, drug, mental, and personality problems and other emotional difficulties affecting job performance. Specifically, this article is devoted to a more thorough description of American employee assistance programs and a discussion of factors that are…

Hollmann, Robert W.

1982-01-01

479

Cortical Networks for Control of Voluntary Arm Movements under Variable Force  

E-print Network

Cortical Networks for Control of Voluntary Arm Movements under Variable Force Conditions Daniel. The model circuit maintains accurate proprioception while controlling voluntary reaches to 5;patial targets the mechanical equilibrium point. Anterior area 5 cells compute the position of the limb using corollary

Spence, Harlan Ernest

480

Green Clubs and Voluntary Governance: ISO 14001 and Firms' Regulatory Compliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluntary programs have become widespread tools for governments and non-governmental actors looking to improve industry's environmental and regulatory performance. Voluntary programs can be conceptualized as club goods that provide non-rival but potentially excludable benefits to members. For firms, the value of joining a green club over taking the same actions unilaterally is to appropriate the club's positive brand reputation. Our

Matthew Potoski; Aseem Prakash

2005-01-01

481

3 CFR - Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary...Documents Memorandum of January 23, 2009 Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary...Reagan of what has become known as the “Mexico City Policy” directed the...

2010-01-01

482

Public Financing of Voluntary Agency Foster Care: 1975 Compared with 1957.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between public and voluntary agencies in the child care field is examined in this discussion of how patterns of public financing of voluntary agency foster care have been influenced by recent changes in public policy. Responses to a 1975 questionnaire sent to state departments administering or supervising services for dependent…

Werner, Ruth M.

483

Static lifting strength and maximal isometric voluntary contractions of back, arm and shoulder muscles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adult men and women (nine of each) performed maximal voluntary contractions (isometric) of the back extensors, shoulder flexors (45 and 135), elbow flexorsand grip. Each subject also exerted maximal voluntary isometric lift on a tray in a 12 point positional matrix consisting of three horizontal distances (18, 36 and 51 cm from the ankles) and four vertical heights (33,

J. W. YATES; E. KAMON; S. H. RODGERS

1980-01-01

484

Voluntary Contribution of Service: A Priceless Resource for the Potsdam Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1978-79 about 50 organizations and 50 individuals in Potsdam, New York, were surveyed by questionnaire to: (1) identify services performed by voluntary social organizations and other publicly supported social organizations using voluntary help; (2) estimate the amount of volunteer work contributed; (3) analyze "reasons" which motivate…

Chugh, Ram L.

485

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit E to Subpart A of Part 1924 Agriculture Regulations...Construction and Other Development Pt. 1924, Subpt. A, Exh. E Exhibit E to Subpart A of Part 1924—Voluntary...

2010-01-01

486

40 CFR 52.2495 - Voluntary limits on potential to emit  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voluntary limits on potential to emit 52.2495 Section 52.2495 Protection of Environment...CONTINUED) Washington § 52.2495 Voluntary limits on potential to emit Terms and conditions of regulatory orders...

2010-07-01

487

Bottom-Up Influences on Voluntary Task Switching: The Elusive Homunculus Escapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluntary action can be studied by giving participants free choice over which task to perform in response to each presented stimulus. In such experiments, performance costs are observed when participants choose to switch tasks from the previous trial. It has been proposed that these costs primarily index the time-consuming operation of top-down control processes that support voluntary action. The present

Nick Yeung

2010-01-01

488

Promises and Pitfalls: Experience in Collaboration between the Canadian Federal Government and the Voluntary Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Canadian federal government faced a difficult policy problem. It wanted to make greater use of voluntary sector organizations to deliver government programs and to shape social policy. A first question for government was whom in the voluntary sector to engage. Unlike the United Kingdom, Canada does not have a tradition of national…

Good, David A.

2003-01-01

489

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use of or addiction to dangerous drugs, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use or addiction to alcohol, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...

2013-10-01

490

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use of or addiction to dangerous drugs, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use or addiction to alcohol, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...

2010-10-01

491

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use of or addiction to dangerous drugs, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use or addiction to alcohol, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...

2014-10-01

492

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use of or addiction to dangerous drugs, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use or addiction to alcohol, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...

2011-10-01

493

46 CFR 5.201 - Voluntary deposits in event of mental or physical incompetence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use of or addiction to dangerous drugs, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...holder of a credential or endorsement is caused by use or addiction to alcohol, a voluntary deposit will only be accepted...

2012-10-01

494

Nebula: Data Intensive Computing over Widely Distributed Voluntary Resources Technical Report  

E-print Network

Nebula: Data Intensive Computing over Widely Distributed Voluntary Resources Technical Report Minneapolis, MN 55455-0159 USA TR 13-007 Nebula: Data Intensive Computing over Widely Distributed Voluntary Resources Mathew Ryden, Abhishek Chandra, and Jon Weissman March 14, 2013 #12;#12;Nebula: Data Intensive

Chandra, Abhishek

495

Comparing Voluntary Policy Instruments for Sustainable Tourism: The Experience of the Spanish Hotel Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the voluntary policy instruments most commonly applied by the hotel sector: codes of conduct, best environmental practices, ecolabels, environmental management systems (EMSs) and environmental performance indicators. Based on a qualitative study of Spanish hotel companies that have applied one or more of these voluntary tools, each instrument is reviewed and analysed with regard

Silvia Ayuso

2007-01-01

496

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 20632073 Implications of carbon cap-and-trade for US voluntary  

E-print Network

. Introduction Voluntary markets for renewable energy, or ``green power markets,'' provide an avenueEnergy Policy 36 (2008) 2063­2073 Implications of carbon cap-and-trade for US voluntary renewable energy markets Lori A. Birda,�, Edward Holtb , Ghita Levenstein Carrollc a National Renewable Energy

497

The Autonomic Cloud: A Vision of Voluntary, Peer-2-Peer Cloud Computing  

E-print Network

1 The Autonomic Cloud: A Vision of Voluntary, Peer-2-Peer Cloud Computing Philip Mayer1, Annabelle. In this paper, we explore the idea of an autonomic cloud in the form of a platform-as-a-service computing is a vision of an autonomic cloud: A cloud which is based on voluntary computing and using peer

498

The appeal of voluntary environmental programs: which firms participate and why?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do firms participate in the EPA's voluntary environmental programs? Possible reasons include: (1) to appeal to consumers who demand 'green' products; (2) to preempt government regulation; (3) to seek regulatory relief from the agency; and (4) to gain a competitive advantage over competitors. This article examines the determinants of participation in voluntary environmental programs, focusing on testing hypotheses 1

JULIO VIDERAS; ANNA ALBERINI

2000-01-01

499

76 FR 32242 - Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages AGENCY...employees covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) Act of 1986. DATES...Public Law 99-335, created a new retirement system intended to cover most...

2011-06-03

500

75 FR 35098 - Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages AGENCY...employees covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) Act of 1986. DATES...Public Law 99-335, created a new retirement system intended to cover most...

2010-06-21