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1

Seattle Bulk Mail Center, Federal Way, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The statement presents potential effects of locating a proposed U.S. Postal Service (U.S.P.S.) facility at a site in the unincorporated area of Federal Way, south of Seattle, Washington. The site under study is in a 151-acre business park which is part of...

1973-01-01

2

Western Boundary of the Seattle Uplift, Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lidar topographic scarps and aeromagnetic anomalies define a northeast-striking, en echelon sequence of faults along the southeastern Olympic Peninsula of Washington, all active in Holocene time and possibly linked kinematically with the Seattle fault. The northeast-striking Saddle Mountain fault, the northernmost fault in the sequence, was first recognized in the early 1970s and is now well mapped in the Hoodsport area on the basis of lidar surveys, aerial photography, and trench excavations. Drowned trees and trench excavations demonstrate Holocene deformation on the Saddle Mountain fault approximately contemporaneous with the MW 7.5 Seattle fault earthquake 1100 years ago and with a wide variety of other fault and landslide activity observed over much of the eastern Olympic Peninsula and central and southern Puget Lowland. The northwest-striking Frigid Creek and Canyon River faults, lying 4 km and 27 km to the southwest of Saddle Mountain, respectively, also show evidence of late Holocene deformation. A detailed analysis of aeromagnetic data suggests that the Saddle Mountain fault extends at least 35 km, from 6 km southwest of Lake Cushman to the latitude of the Seattle fault as mapped east of Hood Canal. Regional aeromagnetic data also indicate that the Seattle fault may extend westward across Hood Canal and into the Olympic Mountains, where it terminates near the magnetically inferred northern end of the Saddle Mountain fault. The en echelon alignment of the Saddle Mountain, Frigid Creek, and Canyon River faults, all active in late Holocene time, reflects a >45-km-long, northeast-trending zone of deformation that may accommodate the northward shortening of Puget Lowland crust inboard of the Olympic massif. In this model, the Seattle fault and Saddle Mountain deformation zone form the northern and western boundaries of the northward advancing Seattle uplift.

Blakely, R. J.; Sherrod, B. L.; Hughes, J. F.; Anderson, M. L.; Wells, R. E.; Weaver, C. S.

2008-12-01

3

78 FR 39591 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The deviation is...3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The requested...

2013-07-02

4

A Lead Bioassay Interpretation of Blood Specimens Collected at the Seattle Times Publishing Company, Seatle, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Worker exposure to lead (7439921) (Pb) was investigated at the Seattle Times Publishing Company (SIC-2711), Seattle, Washington, on May 31, 1966. The medical survey was requested by the Department of Labor and Industries of Washington State. Fourteen bloo...

D. P. Discher

1966-01-01

5

78 FR 26249 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA...University Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle,...

2013-05-06

6

Shallow landslide hazard map of Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Landslides, particularly debris flows, have long been a significant cause of damage and destruction to people and property in the Puget Sound region. Following the years of 1996 and 1997, the Federal Emergency Management Agency designated Seattle as a “Project Impact” city with the goal of encouraging the city to become more disaster resistant to landslides and other natural hazards. A major recommendation of the Project Impact council was that the city and the U.S. Geological Survey collaborate to produce a landslide hazard map. An exceptional data set archived by the city containing more than 100 yr of landslide data from severe storm events allowed comparison of actual landslide locations with those predicted by slope-stability modeling. We used an infinite-slope analysis, which models slope segments as rigid friction blocks, to estimate the susceptibility of slopes to debris flows, which are water-laden slurries that can form from shallow failures of soil and weathered bedrock and can travel at high velocities down steep slopes. Data used for the analysis consisted of a digital slope map derived from recent light detection and ranging (LiDAR) imagery of Seattle, recent digital geologic mapping of the city, and shear-strength test data for the geologic units found in the surrounding area. The combination of these data layers within a geographic information system (GIS) platform allowed us to create a shallow landslide hazard map for Seattle.

Harp, Edwin L.; Michael, John A.; Laprade, William T.

2008-01-01

7

78 FR 45056 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to accommodate vehicular traffic attending football games at Husky Stadium at the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position......

2013-07-26

8

77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1 (Ballard-Salmon...

2012-09-17

9

77 FR 25079 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA...Montlake Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the...

2012-04-27

10

77 FR 25590 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...University Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle, WA...University Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 4.3 and while in the...

2012-05-01

11

78 FR 55214 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1 (Ballard-Salmon...

2013-09-10

12

76 FR 69131 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA...Bascule Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, for vessel...

2011-11-08

13

77 FR 33307 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard...Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA...Montlake Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the...

2012-06-06

14

Cervical Cancer Screening Among Chinese Immigrants in Seattle, Washington  

PubMed Central

Introduction Chinese American women have high rates of invasive cervical cancer, compared to the general population. However, little is known about the Pap testing behavior of ethnic Chinese immigrants. Methods We conducted a community-based survey of Chinese immigrants living in Seattle, Washington, during 1999. Two indicators of cervical cancer screening participation were examined: at least one previous Pap smear and Pap testing in the last 2 years. Results The overall estimated response rate was 64%, and the cooperation rate was 72%. Our study sample for this analysis included 647 women. Nearly one quarter (24%) of the respondents had never had a Pap test, and only 60% had been screened recently. Factors independently associated with cervical cancer screening use included marital status, housing type, and age at immigration. Conclusion Our findings confirm low levels of cervical cancer screening among Chinese immigrants to North America. Culturally and linguistically appropriate Pap testing intervention programs for less acculturated Chinese women should be developed, implemented, and evaluated.

Do, H. Hoai; Taylor, Victoria M.; Yasui, Yutaka; Jackson, J. Carey; Tu, Shin-Ping

2006-01-01

15

Industrial hygiene survey report of Seattle Metro, Ryerson Base, Seattle, Washington, September 12-14, 1989  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to evaluate worker exposure, personal protective equipment and engineering controls during the refueling, repairing, and operating methanol (67561) powered transit buses, a visit was made to the Seattle Metro Ryerson Base (SIC-4111) located in Seattle, Washington. The worst case 8 hour time weighted average was estimated to be only 5 parts per million (ppm). Instantaneous measurements occasionally indicated concentrations up to 2200ppm while draining fuel lines and up to 1400ppm during refueling. No quantifiable methanol vapors were found in the passenger compartment of an operating bus nor were any combustion products detected except in the immediate exhaust stream. Improvements in personal protection and work practices were suggested which included the regular wearing of safety goggles and impermeable elbow length gloves when fueling or opening fuel lines, modifying work practices, regular inspection and immediate repair of fuel line fittings, utilizing engineering controls which minimize the release of methanol liquid or vapors, and developing a plan of action between all responsible parties and providing the appropriate training in the event of a methanol spill or fire.

Piacitelli, G.

1990-08-10

16

Skewed Riskscapes and Gentrified Inequities: Environmental Exposure Disparities in Seattle, Washington  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Few studies have considered the sociohistorical intersection of environmental injustice and gentrification; a gap addressed by this case study of Seattle, Washington. This study explored the advantages of integrating air toxic risk screening with gentrification research to enhance proximity and health equity analysis methodologies. It was hypothesized that Seattle's industrial air toxic exposure risk was unevenly dispersed, that gentrification stratified the city's neighborhoods, and that the inequities of both converged. Methods. Spatial characterizations of air toxic pollution risk exposures from 1990 to 2007 were combined with longitudinal cluster analysis of census block groups in Seattle, Washington, from 1990 to 2000. Results. A cluster of air toxic exposure inequality and socioeconomic inequity converged in 1 area of south central Seattle. Minority and working class residents were more concentrated in the same neighborhoods near Seattle's worst industrial pollution risks. Conclusions. Not all pollution was distributed equally in a dynamic urban landscape. Using techniques to examine skewed riskscapes and socioeconomic urban geographies provided a foundation for future research on the connections among environmental health hazard sources, socially vulnerable neighborhoods, and health inequity.

White, Jonah

2011-01-01

17

Late Holocene earthquakes on the Toe Jam Hill fault, Seattle fault zone, Bainbridge Island, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five trenches across a Holocene fault scarp yield the first radiocarbon-measured earthquake recurrence intervals for a crustal fault in western Washington. The scarp, the first to be revealed by laser im- agery, marks the Toe Jam Hill fault, a north-dipping backthrust to the Seattle fault. Folded and faulted strata, liquefac- tion features, and forest soil A horizons buried by hanging-wall-collapse

Alan R. Nelson; Samuel Y. Johnson; Harvey M. Kelsey; Ray E. Wells; Brian L. Sherrod; Silvio K. Pezzopane; Lee-Ann Bradley; Rich D. Koehler; Robert C. Bucknam

2003-01-01

18

Northwest Health Policy Research Conference. Held in Seattle, Washington on June 23, 1997. Abstract, Executive Summary, Monograph and Appendix.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In June 1997, 250 health and health care researchers and policy makers came together in Seattle for the one-day, inaugural Northwest Health Policy Research Conference. The attendees evenly divided between researchers and policy makers from Washington, Ala...

A. Katz

1997-01-01

19

Developing Concurrency Messages for the Black Community in Seattle, Washington  

PubMed Central

In the United States, Blacks are disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS. Sexual networks and concurrent relationships have emerged as important contributors to the heterosexual transmission of HIV. To date, Africa is the only continent where an understanding of the impact of sexual concurrency has been conveyed in HIV prevention messaging. This project was developed by researchers and members of the Seattle, WA African American and African-Born communities, using the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Interest in developing concurrency messaging came from the community and resulted in the successful submission of a community-academic partnership proposal to develop and disseminate HIV prevention messaging around concurrency. We describe: (a) the development of concurrency messaging through the integration of collected formative data and findings from the scientific literature; (b) the process of disseminating the message in the local Black community; and (c) important factors to consider in the development of similar campaigns.

Chapman, Caitlin Hughes; Clad, Rachel; Murray, Kate; Foster, Jennifer; Morris, Martina; Parks, Malcolm R.; Kurth, Ann Elizabeth

2013-01-01

20

Modeling spatial variability of airborne levoglucosan in Seattle, Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many urban areas residential wood burning is a significant source of wintertime fine particles and has an important influence on spatial variability of particle concentrations. Although woodsmoke fine particles are usually within the size range thought to be most damaging to human health, their chemical composition is different from those derived from fossil fuel combustion, on which most health-effects studies have focused. Development of an exposure assessment tool for identification of the spatial distribution of woodsmoke will improve future epidemiological studies that rely on such intra-urban variability. For land-use regression (LUR) models, uniform buffers (i.e., circular areas or grids) are often applied to model spatial variability of pollutant concentrations. However, when winter woodsmoke levels are expected to be at a maximum, the surface wind is influenced by drainage flow and a given receptor location is systematically downwind of uphill sources. This research extends our previously developed GIS-based catchment air flow modeling approach of wintertime average woodsmoke levels to Seattle, WA, with emphasis on the use of levoglucosan as a marker of wood combustion. We further compare our regression model to a historical data set of mobile light-scattering measurements taken 15-20 years ago. Although fine particle levels have decreased significantly over this period, the spatial models for current levoglucosan ( R2=0.57) and historical light scattering ( R2=0.49) predict similar spatial patterns. This research demonstrates the usefulness of using both light scattering and levoglucosan to model ambient woodsmoke concentrations and further demonstrates the usefulness of the concept of drainage catchments to identify elevated, persistent nighttime levels of fine particles.

Su, J. G.; Buzzelli, M.; Brauer, M.; Gould, T.; Larson, T. V.

21

Seismic amplification within the Seattle Basin, Washington State: Insights from SHIPS seismic tomography experiments  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Recent observations indicate that the Seattle sedimentary basin, underlying Seattle and other urban centers in the Puget Lowland, Washington, amplifies long-period (1-5 sec) weak ground motions by factors of 10 or more. We computed east-trending P- and S-wave velocity models across the Seattle basin from Seismic Hazard Investigations of Puget Sound (SHIPS) experiments to better characterize the seismic hazard the basin poses. The 3D tomographic models, which resolve features to a depth of 10 km, for the first time define the P- and S-wave velocity structure of the eastern end of the basin. The basin, which contains sedimentary rocks of Eocene to Holocene, is broadly symmetric in east-west section and reaches a maximum thickness of 6 km along our profile beneath north Seattle. A comparison of our velocity model with coincident amplification curves for weak ground motions produced by the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake suggests that the distribution of Quaternary deposits and reduced velocity gradients in the upper part of the basement east of Seattle have significance in forecasting variations in seismic-wave amplification across the basin. Specifically, eastward increases in the amplification of 0.2- to 5-Hz energy correlate with locally thicker unconsolidated deposits and a change from Crescent Formation basement to pre-Tertiary Cascadia basement. These models define the extent of the Seattle basin, the Seattle fault, and the geometry of the basement contact, giving insight into the tectonic evolution of the Seattle basin and its influence on ground shaking.

Snelson, C. M.; Brocher, T. M.; Miller, K. C.; Pratt, T. L.; Trehu, A. M.

2007-01-01

22

Geologic Map of Northeastern Seattle (Part of the Seattle North 7.5' x 15' Quadrangle), King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This geologic map, approximately coincident with the east half of the Seattle North 7.5 x 15' quadrangle (herein, informally called the 'Seattle NE map'), covers nearly half of the City of Seattle and reaches from Lake Washington across to the Puget Sound shoreline. Land uses are mainly residential, but extensive commercial districts are located in the Northgate neighborhood, adjacent to the University of Washington, and along the corridors of Aurora Avenue North and Lake City Way. Industrial activity is concentrated along the Lake Washington Ship Canal and around Lake Union. One small piece of land outside of the quadrangle boundaries, at the west edge of the Bellevue North quadrangle, is included on this map for geographic continuity. Conversely, a small area in the northeast corner of the Seattle North quadrangle, on the eastside of Lake Washington, is excluded from this map. Within the boundaries of the map area are two large urban lakes, including the most heavily visited park in the State of Washington (Green Lake Park); a stream (Thornton Creek) that still hosts anadromous salmon despite having its headwaters in a golfcourse and a shopping center; parts of three cities, with a combined residential population of about 300,000 people; and the region's premier research institution, the University of Washington. The north boundary of the map is roughly NE 168th Street in the cities of Shoreline and Lake Forest Park, and the south boundary corresponds to Mercer Street in Seattle. The west boundary is 15th Avenue W (and NW), and the east boundary is formed by Lake Washington. Elevations range from sea level to a maximum of 165 m (541 ft), the latter on a broad till-covered knob in the city of Shoreline near the northwest corner of the map. Previous geologic maps of this area include those of Waldron and others (1962), Galster and Laprade (1991), and Yount and others (1993). Seattle lies within the Puget Lowland, an elongate structural and topographic basin between the Cascade Range and Olympic Mountains. The Seattle area has been glaciated repeatedly during the past two million years by coalescing glaciers that advanced southward from British Columbia. The landscape we see today was molded by cyclic glacial scouring and deposition and later modified by landsliding and stream erosion. The last ice sheet reached the central Puget Sound region about 14,500 years ago, as measured by 14C dating, and it had retreated from this area by 13,650 14C yr B.P. (equivalent calendar years are about 17,600 and 16,600 years ago; Porter and Swanson, 1998). Seattle now sits atop a complex and incomplete succession of interleaved glacial and nonglacial deposits that overlie an irregular bedrock surface. These glacial and nonglacial deposits vary laterally in both texture and thickness, and they contain many local unconformities. In addition, they have been deformed by faults and folds, at least as recently as 1,100 years ago, and this deformation further complicates the geologic record. The landforms and near-surface deposits that cover much of the Seattle NE map area record a relatively brief, recent interval of the region's geologic history. The topography is dominated in the north by a broad, fluted, and south-sloping upland plateau, which gives way to a more complex set of elongated hills in the map's southern half. The valleys of Pipers Creek, Green Lake, and Thornton Creek mark the transition between these two topographic areas. Most of the uplands are mantled by a rolling surface of sand (unit Qva) and till (unit Qvt) deposited during the last occupation of the Puget Lowland by a continental ice sheet. Beneath these ice sheet deposits is a complex succession of older sediments that extends far below sea level across most of the map area. These older sediments are now locally exposed where modern erosion and landslides have sliced through the edge of the upland, and where subglacial processes apparently left these older sedimen

Booth, Derek B.; Troost, Kathy Goetz; Shimel, Scott A.

2009-01-01

23

Revisiting Granite Falls:Why the Seattle Monorail Project Requires Re-examination of Washington's Prohibition on Taxation without Representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The composition and actions of the un-elected Seattle Monorail Project (SMP) Board raise the question of whether the Washington State Constitution permits the legislature to delegate its taxing power to municipal corporations governed by unelected boards. Stated differently, the SMP Board and its actions present the question of whether the Washington State Constitution requires that local taxes be imposed only

Matthew Senechal

2005-01-01

24

Late Holocene earthquakes on the Toe Jam Hill fault, Seattle fault zone, Bainbridge Island, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Five trenches across a Holocene fault scarp yield the first radiocarbon-measured earthquake recurrence intervals for a crustal fault in western Washington. The scarp, the first to be revealed by laser imagery, marks the Toe Jam Hill fault, a north-dipping backthrust to the Seattle fault. Folded and faulted strata, liquefaction features, and forest soil A horizons buried by hanging-wall-collapse colluvium record three, or possibly four, earthquakes between 2500 and 1000 yr ago. The most recent earthquake is probably the 1050-1020 cal. (calibrated) yr B.P. (A.D. 900-930) earthquake that raised marine terraces and triggered a tsunami in Puget Sound. Vertical deformation estimated from stratigraphic and surface offsets at trench sites suggests late Holocene earthquake magnitudes near M7, corresponding to surface ruptures >36 km long. Deformation features recording poorly understood latest Pleistocene earthquakes suggest that they were smaller than late Holocene earthquakes. Postglacial earthquake recurrence intervals based on 97 radiocarbon ages, most on detrital charcoal, range from ???12,000 yr to as little as a century or less; corresponding fault-slip rates are 0.2 mm/yr for the past 16,000 yr and 2 mm/yr for the past 2500 yr. Because the Toe Jam Hill fault is a backthrust to the Seattle fault, it may not have ruptured during every earthquake on the Seattle fault. But the earthquake history of the Toe Jam Hill fault is at least a partial proxy for the history of the rest of the Seattle fault zone.

Nelson, A. R.; Johnson, S. Y.; Kelsey, H. M.; Wells, R. E.; Sherrod, B. L.; Pezzopane, S. K.; Bradley, L. -A.; Koehler, III, R. D.; Bucknam, R. C.

2003-01-01

25

Final Site Specific Decommissioning Inspection Report #2 for the University of Washington Research and Test Reactor, Seattle, Washington  

SciTech Connect

During the period of August through November 2006, ORISE performed a comprehensive IV at the University of Washington Research and Test Reactor Facility. The objective of the ORISE IV was to validate the licensee’s final status survey processes and data, and to assure the requirements of the DP and FSSP were met.

S.J. Roberts

2007-03-20

26

HEPATITIS B KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES AMONG CAMBODIAN AMERICAN WOMEN IN SEATTLE, WASHINGTON  

PubMed Central

Southeast Asians have higher liver cancer rates than any other racial/ethnic group in the US. Approximately 80 percent of liver cancers are etiologically associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is endemic in Southeast Asia. An in-person survey of Cambodian women (n = 320) was conducted in Seattle, Washington, during 1999. The questionnaire included items about HBV knowledge, beliefs, and practices. Prior to being provided with a description of the disease, only about one-half (56 percent) of our respondents had heard of HBV infection. Less than one-quarter (23 percent) of the study group thought that asymptomatic individuals can transmit the disease to others. Most thought that HBV infection can cause liver cancer (54 percent) and death (72 percent). However, a minority thought that infection can be lifelong (24 percent) and incurable (15 percent). Only 38 percent reported they had been serologically tested for HBV. Finally, of those who had been tested and thought they were susceptible, two-thirds (67 percent) had not been vaccinated. Lower levels of education were associated with lower levels of HBV knowledge and serologic testing. Our findings suggest that Cambodian immigrants have low levels of HBV knowledge, serologic testing, and vaccination; and demonstrate a need for targeted educational interventions aimed at reducing HBV-related liver cancer mortality among Southeast Asian communities.

Taylor, Victoria M.; Jackson, J. Carey; Chan, Nadine; Kuniyuki, Alan; Yasui, Yutaka

2006-01-01

27

Local amplification of seismic waves from the Denali earthquake and damaging seiches in Lake Union, Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Mw7.9 Denali, Alaska earthquake of 3 November, 2002, caused minor damage to at least 20 houseboats in Seattle, Washington by initiating water waves in Lake Union. These water waves were likely initiated during the large amplitude seismic surface waves from this earthquake. Maps of spectral amplification recorded during the Denali earthquake on the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network (PNSN) strong-motion instruments show substantially increased shear and surface wave amplitudes coincident with the Seattle sedimentary basin. Because Lake Union is situated on the Seattle basin, the size of the water waves may have been increased by local amplification of the seismic waves by the basin. Complete hazard assessments require understanding the causes of these water waves during future earthquakes. Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.

Barberopoulou, A.; Qamar, A.; Pratt, T. L.; Creager, K. C.; Steele, W. P.

2004-01-01

28

Seismic Hazard Maps for Seattle, Washington, Incorporating 3D Sedimentary Basin Effects, Nonlinear Site Response, and Rupture Directivity  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents probabilistic seismic hazard maps for Seattle, Washington, based on over 500 3D simulations of ground motions from scenario earthquakes. These maps include 3D sedimentary basin effects and rupture directivity. Nonlinear site response for soft-soil sites of fill and alluvium was also applied in the maps. The report describes the methodology for incorporating source and site dependent amplification factors into a probabilistic seismic hazard calculation. 3D simulations were conducted for the various earthquake sources that can affect Seattle: Seattle fault zone, Cascadia subduction zone, South Whidbey Island fault, and background shallow and deep earthquakes. The maps presented in this document used essentially the same set of faults and distributed-earthquake sources as in the 2002 national seismic hazard maps. The 3D velocity model utilized in the simulations was validated by modeling the amplitudes and waveforms of observed seismograms from five earthquakes in the region, including the 2001 M6.8 Nisqually earthquake. The probabilistic seismic hazard maps presented here depict 1 Hz response spectral accelerations with 10%, 5%, and 2% probabilities of exceedance in 50 years. The maps are based on determinations of seismic hazard for 7236 sites with a spacing of 280 m. The maps show that the most hazardous locations for this frequency band (around 1 Hz) are soft-soil sites (fill and alluvium) within the Seattle basin and along the inferred trace of the frontal fault of the Seattle fault zone. The next highest hazard is typically found for soft-soil sites in the Duwamish Valley south of the Seattle basin. In general, stiff-soil sites in the Seattle basin exhibit higher hazard than stiff-soil sites outside the basin. Sites with shallow bedrock outside the Seattle basin have the lowest estimated hazard for this frequency band.

Frankel, Arthur D.; Stephenson, William J.; Carver, David L.; Williams, Robert A.; Odum, Jack K; Rhea, Susan

2007-01-01

29

78 FR 78311 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Washington: Kent, Seattle, and Tacoma Second...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Clean Air Act Amendments. The Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) and the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency (PSCAA) worked...international pollution. The second comment requested that Ecology expand the Kent maintenance area boundary and...

2013-12-26

30

Tenth annual scientific conference of the Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (USA), July 19, 1995, Seattle, Washington  

SciTech Connect

Each year for the last 10 years, scientists conducting research on Prader-Willi syndrome have come together to exchange information during a scientific conference held in conjunction with the annual Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (USA) meeting. Presentations based on submitted abstracts encompass such varied fields as genetics, endocrinology, pediatrics, nutrition, psychology, psychiatry, and education. This year`s scientific conference was held in Seattle, Washington, on July 19, 1995, in conjunction with the 14th PWSA (USA) meeting held July 20-23. Seventeen reports were presented at the scientific meeting, the abstracts of which follow.

Holm, V.A.; Hudgins, L. [Univ. of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA (United States)] [Univ. of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA (United States); Cassidy, S.B. [Univ. of Washington School of Medicine, and Children`s Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States)] [Univ. of Washington School of Medicine, and Children`s Hospital and Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); [Univ. Hospitals of Cleveland, OH (United States)

1996-09-06

31

Simulation of broadband ground motion including nonlinear soil effects for a magnitude 6.5 earthquake on the Seattle fault, Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Seattle fault poses a significant seismic hazard to the city of Seattle, Washington. A hybrid, low-frequency, high-frequency method is used to calculate broadband (0-20 Hz) ground-motion time histories for a M 6.5 earthquake on the Seattle fault. Low frequencies (1 Hz) are calculated by a stochastic method that uses a fractal subevent size distribution to give an ??-2 displacement spectrum. Time histories are calculated for a grid of stations and then corrected for the local site response using a classification scheme based on the surficial geology. Average shear-wave velocity profiles are developed for six surficial geologic units: artificial fill, modified land, Esperance sand, Lawton clay, till, and Tertiary sandstone. These profiles together with other soil parameters are used to compare linear, equivalent-linear, and nonlinear predictions of ground motion in the frequency band 0-15 Hz. Linear site-response corrections are found to yield unreasonably large ground motions. Equivalent-linear and nonlinear calculations give peak values similar to the 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake and those predicted by regression relationships. Ground-motion variance is estimated for (1) randomization of the velocity profiles, (2) variation in source parameters, and (3) choice of nonlinear model. Within the limits of the models tested, the results are found to be most sensitive to the nonlinear model and soil parameters, notably the over consolidation ratio.

Hartzell, S.; Leeds, A.; Frankel, A.; Williams, R. A.; Odum, J.; Stephenson, W.; Silva, W.

2002-01-01

32

Potential social, institutional, and environmental impacts of selected energy-conservation measures in two Washington communities. [Seattle and Yakima  

SciTech Connect

The likely environmental, social, and institutional impacts of selected energy-conservation measures in two communities in Washington state are reported. The five conservation measures investigated in this study were: (1) retrofitting existing buildings; (2) district heating and Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES); (3) small automobiles and vehicle redesign; (4) land-use and housing modifications; and (5) electric-utility rate reform. Twenty potential impact areas were selected for analysis. These areas were divided into five categories of environmental impacts, economic impacts, community impacts, personal impacts, and overall quality of life in the community. The research was conducted in Seattle and Yakima, Washington. In each location, about two dozen public officials and business, labor, and community leaders were interviewed. Their diverse views are summarized. The Seattle respondents saw energy conservation as a highly desirable policy with a number of temporary, transitional problems arising as energy-conservation measures were implemented. Yakima respondents, in contrast, did not expect to encounter many serious energy problems in the foreseeable future and consequently viewed energy conservation as a relatively minor community concern. Moreover, they anticipated that many conservation measures, if implemented by the government, would encounter either apathy or resistance in their community. Two broad generalizations can bedrawn from these interviews: (1) energy conservation will basically be beneficial for the natural environment and our society; and (2) if energy conservation does become a dominant thrust in our society, it could stimulate and reinforce a much broader process of fundamental social change. (LCL)

Edelson, E.; Olsen, M.

1980-03-01

33

78 FR 59955 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Correction AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington...

2013-09-30

34

Assessing deep-seated landslide susceptibility using 3-D groundwater and slope-stability analyses, southwestern Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In Seattle, Washington, deep-seated landslides on bluffs along Puget Sound have historically caused extensive damage to land and structures. These large failures are controlled by three-dimensional (3-D) variations in strength and pore-water pressures. We assess the slope stability of part of southwestern Seattle using a 3-D limit-equilibrium analysis coupled with a 3-D groundwater flow model. Our analyses use a high-resolution digital elevation model (DEM) combined with assignment of strength and hydraulic properties based on geologic units. The hydrogeology of the Seattle area consists of a layer of permeable glacial outwash sand that overlies less permeable glacial lacustrine silty clay. Using a 3-D groundwater model, MODFLOW-2000, we simulate a water table above the less permeable units and calibrate the model to observed conditions. The simulated pore-pressure distribution is then used in a 3-D slope-stability analysis, SCOOPS, to quantify the stability of the coastal bluffs. For wet winter conditions, our analyses predict that the least stable areas are steep hillslopes above Puget Sound, where pore pressures are elevated in the outwash sand. Groundwater flow converges in coastal reentrants, resulting in elevated pore pressures and destabilization of slopes. Regions predicted to be least stable include the areas in or adjacent to three mapped historically active deep-seated landslides. The results of our 3-D analyses differ significantly from a slope map or results from one-dimensional (1-D) analyses.

Brien, Dianne L.; Reid, Mark E.

2008-01-01

35

Public health assessment for Pacific Sound Resources, Seattle, King County, Washington, Region 10. Cerclis No. WAD009248287. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Sound Resources (PSR) was a wood preserving facility located in King County, Washington, on the southern shore of Elliott Bay near the city of Seattle. Wood preserving activities have occurred on the PSR property since 1909 and have resulted in releases of contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pentachlorophenol (PCP), and metal solutions into on-site surface soil, subsurface soil, groundwater, and Elliott Bay sediments. The PSR site is presently considered an indeterminate public health hazard because existing environmental data is not sufficient to document human exposure. There is potential for human exposure to have occurred in the past, to be presently occurring, or to occur in the future, to contaminant levels which may be expected to result in adverse health effects. Contaminants of concern at the PSR site include: arsenic, PAHs, lead, mercury, and pentachlorophenol.

Not Available

1994-11-23

36

Building Bridges VII: Assessing Policy Decisions and Their Impact on Health Care Delivery. Conference Held in Seattle, Washington, on April 25-27, 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The conference Building Bridges VII: Assessing Policy Decisions and Their Impact on Health Care Delivery was held in Seattle, Washington on April 26-27, 2001. The conference was a collaboration of the American Association of Health Plans (AAHP), the Agenc...

B. D. Lardy

2001-01-01

37

The Facets of Digital Reference. Proceedings of the Virtual Reference Desk Annual Digital Reference Conference (2nd, Seattle, Washington, October 16-17, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication features work presented at the Second Annual Virtual Reference Desk Digital Reference Conference (October 6-17, 2000, Seattle, Washington). These proceedings include papers and presentations by conference presenters representing public, academic, and government libraries, as well as subject-specific AskA services, from the United…

Kasowitz, Abby S., Ed.; Stahl, Joan, Ed.

38

Northwest Washington State  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Portions of northwest Washington State (48.0N, 122.5) can be seen in this view as well as portions of British Columbia, Canada. The snow covered Cascade Mountains are on the eastern side of the scene. Vancouver Island is visible in the northeast corner of the photo. The strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Islannd from the northwest corner of Washington. Seattle is near the center and the snow covered Olympic Mountains are to the east.

1973-01-01

39

Sedimentary basin effects in Seattle, Washington: Ground-motion observations and 3D simulations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Seismograms of local earthquakes recorded in Seattle exhibit surface waves in the Seattle basin and basin-edge focusing of S waves. Spectral ratios of Swaves and later arrivals at 1 Hz for stiff-soil sites in the Seattle basin show a dependence on the direction to the earthquake, with earthquakes to the south and southwest producing higher average amplification. Earthquakes to the southwest typically produce larger basin surface waves relative to S waves than earthquakes to the north and northwest, probably because of the velocity contrast across the Seattle fault along the southern margin of the Seattle basin. S to P conversions are observed for some events and are likely converted at the bottom of the Seattle basin. We model five earthquakes, including the M 6.8 Nisqually earthquake, using 3D finite-difference simulations accurate up to 1 Hz. The simulations reproduce the observed dependence of amplification on the direction to the earthquake. The simulations generally match the timing and character of basin surface waves observed for many events. The 3D simulation for the Nisqually earth-quake produces focusing of S waves along the southern margin of the Seattle basin near the area in west Seattle that experienced increased chimney damage from the earthquake, similar to the results of the higher-frequency 2D simulation reported by Stephenson et al. (2006). Waveforms from the 3D simulations show reasonable agreement with the data at low frequencies (0.2-0.4 Hz) for the Nisqually earthquake and an M 4.8 deep earthquake west of Seattle.

Frankel, Arthur.; Stephenson, William; Carver, David

2009-01-01

40

Interpretation of the Seattle uplift, Washington, as a passive-roof duplex  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We interpret seismic lines and a wide variety of other geological and geophysical data to suggest that the Seattle uplift is a passive-roof duplex. A passive-roof duplex is bounded top and bottom by thrust faults with opposite senses of vergence that form a triangle zone at the leading edge of the advancing thrust sheet. In passive-roof duplexes the roof thrust slips only when the floor thrust ruptures. The Seattle fault is a south-dipping reverse fault forming the leading edge of the Seattle uplift, a 40-km-wide fold-and-thrust belt. The recently discovered, north-dipping Tacoma reverse fault is interpreted as a back thrust on the trailing edge of the belt, making the belt doubly vergent. Floor thrusts in the Seattle and Tacoma fault zones, imaged as discontinuous reflections, are interpreted as blind faults that flatten updip into bedding plane thrusts. Shallow monoclines in both the Seattle and Tacoma basins are interpreted to overlie the leading edges of thrust-bounded wedge tips advancing into the basins. Across the Seattle uplift, seismic lines image several shallow, short-wavelength folds exhibiting Quaternary or late Quaternary growth. From reflector truncation, several north-dipping thrust faults (splay thrusts) are inferred to core these shallow folds and to splay upward from a shallow roof thrust. Some of these shallow splay thrusts ruptured to the surface in the late Holocene. Ages from offset soils in trenches across the fault scarps and from abruptly raised shorelines indicate that the splay, roof, and floor thrusts of the Seattle and Tacoma faults ruptured about 1100 years ago.

Brocher, T. M.; Blakely, R. J.; Wells, R. E.

2004-01-01

41

Reptiles of Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource on the Reptiles of Washington State has recently been placed online. Created by Brad Moon at the University of Washington at Seattle's Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (Herpetology Section), the Website features northwestern reptiles. The Website is organized by Order, Family, and Species, with details provided for some species, including a color photograph, written description, and information on Distribution, Habitat, Cool Biology Facts, and Conservation status. Other information accessible via links includes distribution maps, identification keys, phylogenetic information, and online bibliographies. For students and researchers seeking basic information and natural history facts on Washington's reptiles, this resource is a nice reference.

Moon, Brad.

42

Interpretation of the Seattle Uplift, Washington, as a Passive Roof Duplex  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic reflection, tomography, aeromagnetic, geologic mapping, paleoseismic excavations, seismicity, and borehole data provide evidence that the Seattle uplift is a passive-roof duplex. A roof duplex, also known as a triangle wedge, is defined as wedge bounded at top and bottom by thrust faults with opposite senses of vergence; in a passive-roof duplex the upper thrust moves only when the lower thrust slips. The Seattle fault is a south-dipping reverse fault that we propose is the leading edge of a 40-km-wide fold-and-thrust belt. The recently discovered, north-dipping reverse Tacoma fault is interpreted as a back thrust along the trailing edge of the belt, thus making the belt doubly vergent. Divergent, e.g. north and south dipping, seismic reflections from Tertiary sedimentary strata in both the Seattle and Tacoma basins, define triangle wedges that uplift and tilt sedimentary rocks in the hanging walls. Master floor thrusts defining the base of the wedges in the Seattle and Tacoma fault zones are interpreted as flattening updip into bedding plane thrusts, and are thus blind structures. Along the eastern end of the Seattle uplift, between the Seattle and Tacoma faults, the seismic data image several shallow, short-wavelength folds that are more compatible with shallow thrusting than with a deeper reverse fault. From reflector truncations, at least 10 north-dipping thrust faults are inferred in the cores of these shallow folds. These faults, often interpreted as bedding plane thrusts, appear to root into shallow roof thrusts overlying the triangle wedges. Only a few of these shallow thrusts appear to have been activated during recent slip events on the underlying master floor thrusts of the Seattle fault, and all are currently aseismic, but they nevertheless pose a seismic hazard due to their ability to deform the surface over a broad area. These thrusts actively fold and uplift the seafloor at Alki, Restoration, Three Tree, and Robinson Points. These folds are evident in aeromagnetic data, where short-wavelength aeromagnetic anomalies in Puget Sound are compatible with the shallow folding of Miocene conglomerate rich in Crescent Formation clasts. The doubly vergent thrust fault system beneath the Seattle uplift provides an explanation for the widespread vertical offset of coastal marsh deposits at about 1100 years ago in central and southern Puget Sound.

Brocher, T. M.; Blakely, R. J.; Wells, R. E.

2003-12-01

43

Interpretation of the Seattle Uplift, Washington, as a Passive Roof Duplex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seismic reflection, tomography, aeromagnetic, geologic mapping, paleoseismic excavations, seismicity, and borehole data provide evidence that the Seattle uplift is a passive-roof duplex. A roof duplex, also known as a triangle wedge, is defined as wedge bounded at top and bottom by thrust faults with opposite senses of vergence; in a passive-roof duplex the upper thrust moves only when the lower

T. M. Brocher; R. J. Blakely; R. E. Wells

2003-01-01

44

Washington University  

Cancer.gov

The Washington University Small Animal Imaging Resource (WUSAIR), one of the five original Small Animal Imaging Resource Program (SAIRP) centers funded in 1999, provides state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure for MRI, PET, CT and optical imaging of mice, rats and other small laboratory animals. Located in the heart of the Washington University Medical Center, WUSAIR combines instrumental and intellectual capabilities found at few other institutions.

45

Rainfall thresholds for forecasting landslides in the Seattle, Washington, area - exceedance and probability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Empirical rainfall thresholds and related information form a basis for forecasting landslides in the Seattle area. A formula for a cumulative rainfall threshold (CT), P3=3.5-0.67P15, defined by rainfall amounts (in inches) during the last 3 days (72 hours), P3, and the previous 15 days (360 hours), P15, was developed from analysis of historical data for 91 landslides that occurred as part of 3-day events of three or more landslides between 1933 and 1997. Comparison with historical records for 577 landslides (including some used in developing the CT) indicates that the CT captures more than 90 percent of historical landslide events of three or more landslides in 1-day and 3-day periods that were recorded from 1978 to 2003. However, the probability of landslide occurrence on a day when the CT is exceeded at any single rain gage (8.4 percent) is low, and additional criteria are needed to confidently forecast landslide occurrence. Exceedance of a rainfall intensity-duration threshold I=3.257D-1.13, for intensity, I, (inch per hour) and duration, D, (hours), corresponds to a higher probability of landslide occurrence (42 percent at any 3 rain gages or 65 percent at any 10 rain gages), but it predicts fewer landslides. Both thresholds must be used in tandem to forecast landslide occurrence in Seattle.

Chleborad, Alan F.; Baum, Rex L.; Godt, Jonathan W.

2006-01-01

46

78 FR 59956 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA...The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum), and Central Washington University have...

2013-09-30

47

Nonlinear and linear site response and basin effects in Seattle for the M 6.8 Nisqually, Washington, earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We used recordings of the M 6.8 Nisqually earthquake and its ML 3.4 aftershock to study site response and basin effects for 35 locations in Seattle, Washington. We determined site amplification from Fourier spectral ratios of the recorded horizontal ground motions, referenced to a soft-rock site. Soft-soil sites (generally National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program [NEHRP] class E) on artificial fill and young alluvium have the largest 1-Hz amplifications (factors of 3-7) for both the mainshock and aftershock. These amplifications are correlated with areas of higher damage from the mainshock to major buildings and liquefaction. There are several indications of nonlinear response at the soft-soil sites for the mainshock ground motions, despite relatively modest peak accelerations in the S waves of 15%-22%g. First, the mainshock spectral ratios do not show amplification at 2-8 Hz as do the aftershock spectral ratios. Spectral peaks at frequencies below 2 Hz generally occur at lower frequencies for the mainshock spectral ratios than for the aftershock ratios. At one soft-soil site, there is a clear shift of the resonant frequency to a lower frequency for the mainshock compared with the aftershock. The frequency of this resonance increases in the coda of the mainshock record, indicating that the site response during the weaker motions of the coda is more linear than that of the initial S wave. Three of the soft-soil sites display cusped, one-sided mainshock accelerograms after the S wave. These soft-soil sites also show amplification at 10-20 Hz in the S wave, relative to the rock site, that is not observed for the aftershock. The cusped waveforms and 10-20-Hz amplification are symptomatic of nonlinear response at the soft-soil sites. These sites had nearby liquefaction. The largest amplifications for 0.5 Hz occur at soft-soil sites on the southern portion of the Seattle Basin. Stiff-soil sites (NEHRP classes D and C) on Pleistocene-age glacial deposits display similar spectral amplification for the mainshock and aftershock, indicating approximately linear response. The stiff-soil sites generally have moderate amplification (factors of 1.1-2.4) at 0.5 and 1 Hz. Amplifications at 1 and 5 Hz for all sites generally increase with decreasing shear-wave velocity measured in the top 30 m (Vs 30). However, larger amplifications at 0.5 and 1 Hz for sites with similar Vs 30 values are observed for sites in the Seattle Basin, illustrating the amplification from the deeper (>30 m) sediments and the contribution from basin surface waves. Record sections for the mainshock and aftershock show that basin surface waves produce the peak velocities for many of the sites in the Seattle Basin and often dominate the amplitude at 1 Hz and lower frequencies.

Frankel, A. D.; Carver, D. L.; Williams, R. A.

2002-01-01

48

Efficacy, fate, and potential effects on salmonids of mosquito larvicides in catch basins in Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We investigated the efficacy, fate, and potential for direct effects on salmonids of 4 common mosquito larvicides (Mosquito Dunks® and Bits® (AI: Bacillis thuringiensis var. israelensis, [Bti]), VectoLex® WSP (AI: Bacillus sphaericus [Bs], VectoLex CG [AI: Bs], and Altosid® Briquets [AI: s-methoprene]) in Seattle, WA, during 3 summers. During efficacy trials in 2006, all treatments resulted in a rapid reduction in number of mosquito pupae (Mosquito Dunks and Bits and VectoLex WSP) or emergence success (Altosid Briquets). VectoLex CG was chosen for city-wide application in 2007 and 2008. The average counts of pupae within round-top basins remained significantly below the control average for 11 wk in 2007, whereas efficacy in grated-top basins was short-lived. In 2008 the average counts of pupae within grated-top basins remained significantly below the control average for 10 wk. Altosid XR was also effective in reducing adult emergence within grated basins in 2008. In 2007 and 2008, frequent precipitation events made the evaluation of efficacy difficult due to reductions in pupae across control and treated basins. Four separate analyses of VectoLex products revealed that the product was a combination of Bs and Bti. Both Bs and Bti were detected in 3 urban creeks connected to treated basins in 2007 and 2008. Laboratory toxicity test results suggest that concentrations of Bs and Bti detected in each of the watersheds pose little direct hazard to juvenile salmonids.

Sternberg, Morgan; Grue, Christian; Conquest, Loveday; Grassley, James; King, Kerensa

2012-01-01

49

Source apportionment of PM2.5 at an urban IMPROVE site in Seattle, Washington.  

PubMed

The multivariate receptor models Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and Unmix were used along with the EPA's Chemical Mass Balance model to deduce the sources of PM2.5 at a centrally located urban site in Seattle, WA. A total of 289 filter samples were obtained with an IMPROVE sampler from 1996 through 1999 and were analyzed for 31 particulate elements including temperature-resolved fractions of the particulate organic and elemental carbon. All three receptor models predicted that the major sources of PM2.5 were vegetative burning (including wood stoves), mobile sources, and secondary particle formation with lesser contributions from resuspended soil and sea spray. The PMF and Unmix models were able to resolve a fuel oil combustion source as well as distinguish between diesel emissions and other mobile sources. In addition, the average source contribution estimates via PMF and Unmix agreed well with an existing emissions inventory. Using the temperature-resolved organic and elemental carbon fractions provided in the IMPROVE protocol, rather than the total organic and elemental carbon, allowed the Unmix model to separate diesel from other mobile sources. The PMF model was able to do this without the additional carbon species, relying on selected trace elements to distinguish the various combustion sources. PMID:14655699

Maykut, Naydene N; Lewtas, Joellen; Kim, Eugene; Larson, Timothy V

2003-11-15

50

Factors initiating phytoplankton blooms and resulting effects on dissolved oxygen in Duwamish River estuary, Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Phytoplankton productivity, standing stock, and related environmental factors were studied during 1964-66 in the Duwamish River estuary, at Seattle, Wash., to ascertain the factors that affect phytoplankton growth in the estuary; a knowledge of these factors in turn permits the detection and evaluation of the influence that effluent nutrients have on phytoplankton production. The factors that control the concentration of dissolved oxygen were also evaluated because of the importance of dissolved oxygen to the salmonid populations that migrate through the estuary. Phytoplankton blooms, primarily of diatoms, occurred in the lower estuary during August 1965 and 1966. No bloom occurred during 1964, but the presence of oxygen-supersaturated surface water in August 1963 indicates that a bloom did occur then. Nutrients probably were not the primary factor controlling the timing of phytoplankton blooms. Ammonia ,and phosphate concentrations increased significantly downstream from the Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle's Renton Treatment Plant outfall after the plant began operation in June 1965, and concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus were relatively high before operation of the Renton Treatment Plant and during nonbloom periods. The consistent coincidence of blooms with minimum fresh-water discharge and tidal exchange during August throughout the study period indicates that bloom timing probably was controlled mostly by hydrographic factors that determine retention time and stability of the surface-water layer. This control was demonstrated in part by a highly significant correlation of gross productivity with retention time (as indicated by fresh-water discharge) and vertical stability (as indicated by the difference between mean surface and mean bottom temperatures). The failure of a bloom to develop in 1964 is related to a minimum fresh-water discharge that was much greater than normal during that summer. Hydrographic factors are apparently important because, as shown by studies of other estuarine environments by other workers, phytoplankton production increases when the zone of vertical turbulent mixing is not markedly deeper than the compensation depth. Phytoplankton cells produced in the surface waters sink, thereby contributing oxidizable organic matter to the bottom saline-water wedge. The maximum BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) in this bottom wedge occurs in the same section of the estuary and ,at the same time as the maximum phytoplankton biomass (as indicated by chlorophyll a) and minimum DO (dissolved oxygen). Other sources of BOD occur in the estuary, and conditions of minimum discharge and tidal exchange assist in reducing DO. Nonetheless, the highly significant correlation of chlorophyll a with BOD throughout the summer indicates that respiration and decomposition of phytoplankton cells is dearly an important contributor of BOD. Increases in the biomass and resultant B0D of blooms because of increased effluent nutrients presumably would further decrease the concentration of DO. This possible effect of effluent nutrients was evaluated by laboratory .bioassays and by a comparison of mean annual biomasses in the estuary. A green algal population in vitro did increase in response to added effluent nutrients; however, the available field data suggest that a 46-percent increase in effluent discharge between 1965 and 1966 did not increase the estuary's phytoplankton biomass significantly.

Welch, Eugene Brummer

1969-01-01

51

A prototype system for forecasting landslides in the Seattle, Washington, area  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Empirical rainfall thresholds and related information form the basis of a prototype system for forecasting landslides in the Seattle area. The forecasts are tied to four alert levels, and a decision tree guides the use of thresholds to determine the appropriate level. From analysis of historical landslide data, we developed a formula for a cumulative rainfall threshold (CT), P3 ?=? 88.9 ? 0.67P15, defined by rainfall amounts in millimeters during consecutive 3?d (72?h) periods, P3, and the 15?d (360?h) period before P3, P15. The variable CT captures more than 90% of historical events of three or more landslides in 1?d and 3?d periods recorded from 1978 to 2003. However, the low probability of landslide occurrence on a day when the CT is exceeded at one or more rain gauges (8.4%) justifies a low-level of alert for possible landslide occurrence, but it does trigger more vigilant monitoring of rainfall and soil wetness. Exceedance of a rainfall intensity-duration threshold I ?=? 82.73D?1.13, for intensity, I (mm/hr), and duration, D (hr), corresponds to a higher probability of landslide occurrence (30%) and forms the basis for issuing warnings of impending, widespread occurrence of landslides. Information about the area of exceedance and soil wetness can be used to increase the certainty of landslide forecasts (probabilities as great as 71%). Automated analysis of real-time rainfall and subsurface water data and digital quantitative precipitation forecasts are needed to fully implement a warning system based on the two thresholds.

Chleborad, Alan F.; Baum, Rex L.; Godt, Jonathan W.; Powers, Philip S.

2008-01-01

52

Ground-water contamination at an inactive coal and oil gasification plant site, Gas Works Park, Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Gas Works Park, in Seattle, Washington, is located on the site of a coal and oil gasification plant that ceased operation in 1956. During operation, many types of wastes, including coal, tar, and oil, accumulated on site. The park soil is presently (1986) contaminated with compounds such as polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, trace metals, and cyanide. Analyses of water samples from a network of observation wells in the park indicate that these compounds are also present in the groundwater. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds were identified in groundwater samples in concentrations as large as 200 mg/L. Concentrations of organic compounds were largest where groundwater was in contact with a nonaqueous phase liquid in the soil. Concentrations in groundwater were much smaller where no nonaqueous phase liquid was present, even if the groundwater was in contact with contaminated soils. This condition is attributed to weathering processes at the site, such as dissolution, volatilization, and biodegradation. Soluble, volatile, low-molecular-weight organic compounds are preferentially dissolved from the nonaqueous phase liquid into the groundwater. Where no nonaqueous phase liquid is present, only stained soils containing relatively insoluble, high-molecular-weight compounds remain; therefore, contaminant concentrations in the groundwater are much smaller. Concentrations of organic contaminants in the soils may still remain large. Values of specific conductance were as large as 5,280 microsiemens/cm, well above a background of 242 microsiemens/cm, suggesting large concentrations of minerals in the groundwater. Trace metal concentrations, however , were generally < 0.010 mg/L, and below limits of US EPA drinking water standards. Cyanide was present in groundwater samples from throughout the park, ranging in concentration from 0.01 to 8.6 mg/L. (Author 's abstract)

Turney, G. L.; Goerlitz, D. F.

1989-01-01

53

Workforce: Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Washington, the demand for well-educated employees will only increase over the next several years. In the decade leading up to 2012, healthcare occupations will see growth of 20 percent. Teachers will be in demand: nearly 9,000 new elementary and middle-school educators will need to be hired. Computer fields will undergo growth of 24 percent,…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

54

Washington University  

Cancer.gov

Washington University Medical School's concept of an In vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center (ICMIC) envisions a process that will permit the Center to become the focal point for the development of novel in vivo molecular imaging initiatives on campus. This involves further expanding and reinforcing collaborations and enhancing the productivity of multidisciplinary programs in basic cancer cell biology and molecular imaging research.

55

Fault Scarp Detection Beneath Dense Vegetation Cover: Airborne Lidar Mapping of the Seattle Fault Zone, Bainbridge Island, Washington State.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The emergence of a commercial airborne laser mapping industry is paying major dividends in an assessment of earthquake hazards in the Puget Lowland of Washington State. Geophysical observations and historical seismicity indicate the presence of active upp...

D. J. Harding G. S. Berghoff

2000-01-01

56

Earthquake Induced Water Waves in Washington State  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mw 7.9 Denali earthquake of 3 November 2002 caused minor damage to at least 20 houseboats by initiating water waves in Lake Union, Seattle, Washington. Damage caused by unusual water activity is not uncommon in Washington State. Newspaper reports show that damage also has been caused by water waves in the Seattle area during local or distant earthquakes in

A. Barberopoulou; A. Qamar; T. L. Pratt

2003-01-01

57

Unbuilt Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As we look across an urban landscape, sometimes we may wonder: "What might have been here?" Monuments and dramatic buildings are often part of the picture, and in a federal city, there are frequently many structures that are proposed, but never built. This exhibition from the National Building Museum "reveals the Washington that could have been by presenting architectural and urban design projects that were proposed but, for widely varied reasons, never executed." The site has information about the in situ exhibit, along with a fine introductory essay by curator Martin Moeller titled "What Should a Capitol Look Like?" Next up is the interactive "Unbuilt Washington" map, which allows users the opportunity to learn about noteworthy unbuilt projects from the 1790s to the present. Visitors shouldn't miss the rendering of the proposed executive mansion from 1898 created by architect Paul Pelz or the proposal for a National Stadium from 1932.

58

78 FR 50109 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum), in consultation with the appropriate...

2013-08-16

59

78 FR 64006 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum), has completed an inventory of human...

2013-10-25

60

78 FR 59955 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum), has completed an inventory of human...

2013-09-30

61

77 FR 59649 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of Washington, has completed an...

2012-09-28

62

78 FR 44595 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington (Burke Museum), has completed an inventory of human...

2013-07-24

63

Washington Week  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beginning with its first program on February 23, 1967, Washington Week has provided intelligent and provocative roundtable discussion of major news events. Featured on PBS, the public affairs program has seen a number of hosts since its inception, and is currently under the direction of moderator Gwen Ifill, who has been in that position since 1999. The show is broadcast once a week, and addresses such timely topics as national security and the domestic economy. Visitors to the website can view each show in its entirety, and read transcripts of each program as well. Another nice feature of the site is âÂÂChat with GwenâÂÂ, which allows visitors to chat online with Ifill once a month. If visitors are looking for certain video clips, they can also search through the video archive to find commentaries by such distinguished columnists such as David Brooks and Thomas Friedman.

64

Annual Housing Survey: 1976. Housing Characteristics for Selected Metropolitan Areas: Seattle-Everett, Washington. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Statistics are presented on neighborhood and housing and household characteristics obtained from the 1976 - 1977 annual housing survey conducted in the Seattle - Everett, Wash., region, 1 of 20 standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSA's) selected for...

E. E. Beach J. S. Maynard E. D. Montfort

1978-01-01

65

George Washington Carver  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This month is Black History Month. This week we are going to learn about a famouse African American named George Washington Carver. The following clip is a biography about George Washington Carver George Washington Carver Bio Watch the Flip Book and see what happens! George Wshington Carver Flip Book The following clip is the story of George Washington Carver told my a child using leggos. George Washington Carver Leggo Man ...

Turner, Miss A.

2012-01-26

66

76 FR 58031 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), in consultation with the appropriate Indian...

2011-09-19

67

76 FR 58039 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), has completed an inventory of human remains,...

2011-09-19

68

76 FR 58033 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), has completed an inventory of human remains,...

2011-09-19

69

78 FR 11675 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum) has completed an inventory of human remains,...

2013-02-19

70

77 FR 46117 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum) has completed an inventory of human remains and...

2012-08-02

71

Deformation in the Seattle Fault Zone, Washington, Revealed by Airborne Laser Swath Mapping of an Uplifted Holocene Marine Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airborne laser swath mapping (ALSM) conducted by the Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (http:\\/\\/www.pugetsoundlidar.org) has been used to define uplift, folding, and faulting of marine terraces in the Seattle fault zone (SFZ). The SFZ is a 5- to 7-km-wide, east-west trending zone of south-dipping thrust faults, north-dipping backthrusts, and folds. Puget Sound marine terraces record uplift of a wave-cut platform about

D. J. Harding; R. A. Haugerud; S. Y. Johnson

2002-01-01

72

Science Education in the Early Childhood & Special Education Setting: An Analysis of Science Education Across Lake Washington, Bellevue & Seattle School Districts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This survey based research illustrates science education in the early childhood setting, specifically across Lake Washington, Seattle and Bellevue Public School Districts, with a lens on programs serving children with special needs. Taking current best practice into consideration, this research compares the amount of time that teachers currently spend teaching their students science across these settings, with recommendations urging educators to expose their students to the scientific inquiry process early and often. Additionally, the results of this survey align with findings regarding teacher self-efficacy in the area of science, demonstrating that educators who have a science background and/or have received professional development opportunities in the area of science, are likely to teach science more often and lead higher quality lessons. The survey results also demonstrate that the provision of curriculum and training opportunities are indicative of a community that supports science education, and therefore predictive of the amount and quality of science education that students in an early childhood setting receive.

Coffin, Tara B.

73

Use of medical services during a 2-month period in the Seattle-King County (Washington) jail.  

PubMed Central

Total health care utilization in the Seattle-King County jail over a 2-month period in spring 1979 was studied. The annualized visit rate for men was 48 per prisoner per year, 2.6 times the rate for men studied in a long-term prison and almost 20 times the rate for men studied in the general population. The annualized rate for female prisoners was three times that of male prisoners. For all prisoners, the most common problems seen were skin conditions (9.7 percent), musculoskeletal (8.3 percent), and psychiatric (8.2 percent). An examination of practitioners' patterns in providing care demonstrated the primary role of registered nurses, who saw 70 percent of the patients. During the study period, 125 transfers were made to a hospital; 48.8 percent were for medical problems, 41.6 percent for trauma, and 9.6 percent for psychosocial problems.

Demers, R; Walsh, K

1981-01-01

74

Low flows and temperatures of streams in the Seattle-Tacoma urban complex and adjacent areas, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Data on the minimum flows of streams and water temperature are necessary for the proper planning and development of the water resources of urban Seattle-Tacoma and adjacent areas. The data on low flows are needed for such purposes as (1) designing and operating municipal and industrial water-supply systems; (2) classifying streams as to their potential for waste disposal; (3) defining the amount of water available for irrigation, for maintaining streamflow as required by law or agreement, and for fish propagation; and (4) designing water-storage facilities. Data on stream temperatures are important to many water users because of the many biological, chemical, and physical properties of water that are dependent on temperature. Agricultural and domestic users as well as municipal, industrial and fishery agencies are concerned with water temperatures. In this report, low-flow data are accompanied by information on seasonal variations in water temperatures at sites selected as representing regional stream-temperature patterns. Because low flows and high water temperatures commonly occur together, they may impose constraints on various uses of the region's streams. The following discussion deals first with low-flow trends in the region, then with stream temperatures, and finally with some of the resulting constraints.

Hidaka, F. T.

1972-01-01

75

Geodetic strain measurements in Washington.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Two new geodetic measurements of strain accumulation in the state of Washington for the interval 1972-1979 are reported. Near Seattle the average principal strain rates are 0.07 + or - 0.03 mu strain/yr N19oW and -0.13 + or - 0.02 mu strain/yr N71oE, and near Richland (south central Washington) the average principal strain rates are -0.02 + or - 0.01 mu strain/yr N36oW and -0.04 + or - 0.01 mu strain/yr N54oE. Extension is taken as positive, and the uncertainties quoted are standard deviations. A measurement of shear strain accumulation (dilation not determined) in the epoch 1914- 1966 along the north coast of Vancouver Island by the Geodetic Survey of Canada indicates a marginally significant accumulation of right-lateral shear (0.06 + or - 0.03 mu rad/yr) across the plate boundary (N40oW strike). Although there are significant differences in detail, these strain measurements are roughly consistent with a crude dislocation model that represents subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate. The observed accumulation of strain implies that large, shallow, thrust earthquakes should be expected off the coast of Washington and British Columbia. However, this conclusion is not easily reconciled with either observations of elevation change along the Washington coast or the focal mechanism solutions for shallow earthquakes in Washington. -Authors

Savage, J. C.; Lisowski, M.; Prescott, W. H.

1981-01-01

76

Deformation in the Seattle Fault Zone, Washington, Revealed by Airborne Laser Swath Mapping of an Uplifted Holocene Marine Platform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Airborne laser swath mapping (ALSM) conducted by the Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (http://www.pugetsoundlidar.org) has been used to define uplift, folding, and faulting of marine terraces in the Seattle fault zone (SFZ). The SFZ is a 5- to 7-km-wide, east-west trending zone of south-dipping thrust faults, north-dipping backthrusts, and folds. Puget Sound marine terraces record uplift of a wave-cut platform about A.D. 900 (Bucknam et al., 1992) during a large earthquake in the SFZ. Bald Earth digital elevation models (DEMs) for Kitsap County and part of King County with a 1.8-m grid spacing document spatial patterns of terrace uplift, as measured from the elevation of shoreline angles at the landward edge of the uplifted platform. Shoreline angles were identified using profiles and slope images interactively generated from the DEMs. The bald Earth DEMs were produced by applying a virtual deforestation, despike filtering algorithm to point clouds of laser data acquired by the TerraPoint ALTMS instrument, a small-footprint, discrete-return system that records up to four returns per laser pulse. A data density of ~ 1 pulse per square meter was acquired using 50% sidelap between adjacent swaths. To maximize returns from the ground, data acquisition was conducted during leaf-off conditions in the winters of 2000 and 2001. The absolute accuracy of the DEM was established by comparison to GPS-measured ground control points (GCP). The mean and RMSE of DEM minus GCP elevation differences for 38 bare ground sites are -1.8 and 19.1 cm, respectively. Locally the DEM is biased upwards due to low vegetation cover; the mean differences for 20 tall-grass and 28 forest sites are -7.4 and -35.5 cm, respectively. RMSE for the tall-grass and forest sites are 21.7 and 58.6 cm. A 1996 bald Earth survey of Bainbridge Island conducted for Kitsap Public Utility District by Airborne Laser Mapping was also used in the terrace analysis. On the east side of Puget Sound, terraces from Williams Point to north of Alki Point define a 5-km-wide, north-vergent anticline with planar limbs. The fold amplitude is 6 m, and the limbs dip more steeply north (0.25o) than south (0.10o). The fold hinge, located at Alki Point, is above the SFZ Frontal thrust. Three 1- to 2-m-high terrace steps in the south limb align with the projection of thrusts mapped offshore in seismic-reflection profiles. Western Puget Sound terraces also define a broad anticline extending 13 km west from southern Bainbridge Island to Dyes Inlet, but the structure is more complex with significant along-strike heterogeneity over short distances. The anticline hinge is locally modified by backthrusts producing a tightened, south-vergent fold with an amplitude as large as 8 m. The terrace fringing Waterman Point is ruptured by two en-echelon backthrusts expressed as 3-m-high, south-facing scarps. Farther south, localized terrace uplifts as large as 3 m suggest slip may have also occurred on two unnamed thrusts. Terrace deformation patterns suggest that slip on the Frontal thrust during the ~ A.D. 900 earthquake produced the anticlinal folding and that lesser slip occurred at that time, or more recently, on structurally higher thrusts and backthrusts within the SFZ.

Harding, D. J.; Haugerud, R. A.; Johnson, S. Y.

2002-05-01

77

George Washington's Secret Code  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online interactive, learners decipher codes used by George Washington to safeguard messages during the American Revolution. Learners use a key to decode an excerpt from "Rules of Civility & Decent Behaviour in Company and Conversation," which Washington copied as a writing exercise when he was a teenager and historians believed influenced the development of his character.

Service, National P.

2011-08-20

78

Booker T. Washington Rediscovered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Booker T. Washington, a founding father of African American education in the United States, has long been studied, revered, and reviled by scholars and students. Born into slavery, freed and raised in the Reconstruction South, and active in educational reform through the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Washington sought to use…

Bieze, Michael Scott, Ed.; Gasman, Marybeth, Ed.

2012-01-01

79

Aquaculture in Washington State,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The simply written and illustrated brochure provides an overview of culture methods used in Washington State by commercial growers of salmon and trout, oysters, clams, mussels, abalone, and nori (an edible seaweed). It also lists associations and agencies...

A. H. Bill T. Y. Nosho

1988-01-01

80

Defense Telecommunications Service, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Telecommunications Service, Washington, provides telecommunications equipment, facilities, and services, including support for command, control, communications, and intelligence organizations for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Militar...

1996-01-01

81

Giardiasis in Washington State.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in ex...

F. Frost L. Harter B. Plan K. Fukutaki B. Holman

1982-01-01

82

Partnership for Modeling the Marine Environment of Puget Sound, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Puget Sound, Washington, is both the largest fjord in the lower forty-eight states and closest to the substantial urban centers of Seattle, Tacoma, Everett and surrounding communities. The sound has seasonally high annual phytoplankton standing stock and ...

A. Devol M. Kawase M. Logsdon M. Warner W. Winn

2004-01-01

83

Partnership for Modeling the Marine Environment of Puget Sound, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Puget Sound, Washington, is both the largest fjord in the lower forty-eight states and closest to the substantial urban centers of Seattle, Tacoma, Everett and surrounding communities. The sound has seasonally high annual phytoplankton standing stock and ...

A. Devol M. Kawase M. Logsdon M. Warner W. Winn

2006-01-01

84

Programs, Problems and Needs in Women's Continuing Education; Proceedings of a Statewide Conference for Institutions of Higher Education, Community and Government Representatives (Seattle, Washington, November 8, 1968).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference on women's continuing education explored ways in which institutions of higher education in the State of Washington can develop innovative programs to meet the needs of women, particularly those in their middle years. Exploration involved (1) identifying the communities' needs for more effective use of woman power, both paid and…

Washington Univ., Seattle. Office of Women's Continuing Education.

85

University of Washington Digital Library Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries present this collection of a dozen image databases created as part of an ongoing digital library program. There are ten collections of photographs from University of Washington Special Collections that include views of Seattle dated 1891 - 1940, Harriman's expedition to Alaska in 1899, the Klondike gold rush, and a photo album from 1925 promoting Mount Rainier National Park. There are also two image databases created in collaboration with other groups: 26 images of Jacob Lawrence paintings, with the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, and the Cities and Buildings Database, 5,000 architectural images, with the University of Washington Architecture Department. All of the databases use the CONTENT software suite developed by the Center for Information Systems Optimization (CISO) at the University of Washington, and so all have the same search interface regardless of the subject. Information about CONTENT is also available at the site.

86

Washington's Instant University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the problems involved in merging Federal City College (FCC), District of Columbia Teachers College (DCTC), and Washington Technical Institute (WTI) into the University of the District of Columbia (DCU) by September 1976. Background of the three public institutions and legislation by the 93rd Congress mandating the consolidation are…

Gordon, Suzanne

1976-01-01

87

University of Washington  

Cancer.gov

The mechanism to be used by the investigators is the development and testing of methods in tandem with existing clinical cancer trials that include PET imaging. This includes imaging studies performed locally at the University of Washington, in small multi-center trials as part of a regional network directed by our cancer center, and as a participant in national multi-center trials.

88

Washington Street's "Soul Survivors"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes as an example of what a non-school agency is doing to ease desegregation the Greater Dallas Human Relations Commission's sponsorship of the Washington Street "Soul Survivors," a group of 12 blacks and 12 whites performing race relations-oriented entertainment. (JM)

Simms, Richard

1973-01-01

89

GIARDIASIS IN WASHINGTON STATE  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...

90

Washington: Hanford Nuclear Reservation  

... "before and after" views of the area around the Hanford Nuclear Reservation near Richland, Washington. On June 27, 2000, a fire in the ... since 1996. MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, ...

2013-04-18

91

Washington on board  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

President Clinton has tapped Warren Washington, a climate circulation and climate system modeler with the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo., to be one of six new members of the National Science Board. The Senate must still approve the nominations of the 24-member board, which oversees the National Science Foundation and serve 6-year terms.

92

The Washington Notebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to enhance participation in the Close-Up Program's week of study in Washington, D.C. for secondary students, the materials on political processes and issues provided in this student handbook can be useful in secondary level social studies, political science, and current events courses. The booklet is arranged into three sections. Section…

Delaney, Mary Kay; And Others

93

Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Maps of Seattle, Washington, Including 3D Sedimentary Basin Effects and Rupture Directivity: Implications of 3D Random Velocity Variations (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have produced probabilistic seismic hazard maps of Seattle for 1 Hz spectral acceleration, using over five hundred 3D finite-difference simulations of earthquakes on the Seattle fault, Southern Whidbey Island fault, and Cascadia subduction zone, as well as for random deep and shallow earthquakes at various locations. The 3D velocity model was validated by modeling the observed waveforms for the

A. D. Frankel; W. J. Stephenson; D. Carver; J. Odum; R. A. Williams; S. Rhea

2010-01-01

94

Civil War Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was Washington, D.C. like during the Civil War? It's an arresting and interesting question, and the people at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Center for Digital Research in the Humanities have created this digital archive to look into it. As their introductory statement notes, this collection "examines the U.S. national capital from multiple perspectives as a case study of social, political, cultural, and medical/scientific/transitions provoked or accelerated by the Civil War." On the homepage, visitors will find six sections, including Maps, Texts, Visual Works, and Data. For those with a spatial bent, the Maps area is a real find. Visitors can use the interactive GIS-enabled map to look at the layers of history throughout the city with a grain of detail that is remarkable. Moving along, the Interpretations area includes scholarly essays, such as "Washington, the Strategic Capital."

2012-08-24

95

Washington Post Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington Post has an online version on the Web. The site includes the full text of the daily edition, plus news from the 50 states, a daily congressional calendar, and over 1000 pages of links to news, reference and Web sites for over 200 countries around the world. Features include movie reviews, book reviews (along with selected first chapters of books), links to over fifteen online comic strips, and sports features. A searchable archive of the previous two weeks papers is available and, in the near future, an archive from 1986 to the present will be available. There are also several chat rooms on various subjects ranging from business to local Washington, DC issues. While the Post is well known for its international and national coverage, the online version is also very strong with respect to local area news.

1996-01-01

96

Holocene fault scarps near Tacoma, Washington, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Airborne laser mapping confirms that Holocene active faults traverse the Puget Sound metropolitan area, northwestern continental United States. The mapping, which detects forest-floor relief of as little as 15 cm, reveals scarps along geophysical lineaments that separate areas of Holocene uplift and subsidence. Along one such line of scarps, we found that a fault warped the ground surface between A.D. 770 and 1160. This reverse fault, which projects through Tacoma, Washington, bounds the southern and western sides of the Seattle uplift. The northern flank of the Seattle uplift is bounded by a reverse fault beneath Seattle that broke in A.D. 900-930. Observations of tectonic scarps along the Tacoma fault demonstrate that active faulting with associated surface rupture and ground motions pose a significant hazard in the Puget Sound region.

Sherrod, B. L.; Brocher, T. M.; Weaver, C. S.; Bucknam, R. C.; Blakely, R. J.; Kelsey, H. M.; Nelson, A. R.; Haugerud, R.

2004-01-01

97

Holocene fault scarps near Tacoma, Washington, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Airborne laser mapping confirms that Holocene active faults traverse the Puget Sound metropolitan area, northwestern continental United States. The mapping, which detects forest-floor relief of as little as 15 cm, reveals scarps along geophysical lineaments that separate areas of Holocene uplift and subsidence. Along one such line of scarps, we found that a fault warped the ground surface between A.D. 770 and 1160. This reverse fault, which projects through Tacoma, Washington, bounds the southern and western sides of the Seattle uplift. The northern flank of the Seattle uplift is bounded by a reverse fault beneath Seattle that broke in A.D. 900 930. Observations of tectonic scarps along the Tacoma fault demonstrate that active faulting with associated surface rupture and ground motions pose a significant hazard in the Puget Sound region.

Sherrod, Brian L.; Brocher, Thomas M.; Weaver, Craig S.; Bucknam, Robert C.; Blakely, Richard J.; Kelsey, Harvey M.; Nelson, Alan R.; Haugerud, Ralph

2004-01-01

98

Libby South Fire, Washington  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On July 9, 2001, a fire burned about 15 miles south of Twisp, Washington, that officials believe was caused by human error. NASA's Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on the Terra satellite observed the fire, indicated with a red dot in this image, on July 10, after the fire had already consumed about 1,240 acres. On July 10, another fire-called the Thirty Mile Fire-trapped 21 firefighters and 2 civilians in a narrow canyon in the Chewuch River Valley, north of Winthrop, WA. (That fire did not erupt until later in the day after this image was acquired and is therefore not visible.) Tragically, four firefighters were killed and six people were injured, including the two civilians. Rolling debris, rugged and steep terrain, and limited access are impeding efforts to contain the now 8,200-acre fire, which according to current fire incident reports, is completely uncontained. Nearly all the areas in the full-size image, including Washington (center), Idaho (right), Oregon (bottom) are in a state of severe drought, which means the region could be in for another devastating fire season. Another fire is visible in Idaho in the full-size image just east of where Idaho borders with Washington and Oregon. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team

2002-01-01

99

APEC ISTWG Special Seminar on Emerging Infections in Asia Pacific (17th): Proceedings. Held in Seattle, Washington on August 16, 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Even as financial ills linger for many of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) member economies, a recent Seattle meeting of the trade group focused squarely on that other kind of health: human. The meeting, held in August as part of the APEC Indu...

A. M. Kimball, T. G. Harris

2000-01-01

100

Occurrence of Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli in retail fresh seafood, beef, lamb, pork, and poultry from grocery stores in Seattle, Washington.  

PubMed Central

Fresh meat, poultry, and seafood purchased from Seattle area grocery stores were investigated for the presence of Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli by using DNA probes for Shiga-like toxin (SLT) genes I and II. Of the 294 food samples tested, 17% had colonies with sequence homology to SLT I and/or SLT II genes.

Samadpour, M; Ongerth, J E; Liston, J; Tran, N; Nguyen, D; Whittam, T S; Wilson, R A; Tarr, P I

1994-01-01

101

Early Learning in Washington State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 80,000 children enter kindergarten in Washington each year, and many lack basic language and behavioral skills--such as knowing letters and colors, following directions, getting along with others, and exhibiting impulse-control. In 2006, based on the recommendation of the Washington Learns Commission, Governor Christine Gregoire created the…

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2011

2011-01-01

102

The Diaries of George Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Library of Congress (LOC) has recently announced a very significant update to one of their most important American Memory project collections, the George Washington Papers. Produced by the editors of the Papers of George Washington at the University of Virginia, the documentary edition of The Diaries of George Washington includes all 51 diaries and diary fragments written by Washington between 1748 and December 13, 1799, the day before his death. Originally published in six volumes between 1976 and 1979, the documentary edition offers "diary introductions and annotations that identify all persons mentioned in the texts, explain their relationship to Washington and his activities, and are often accompanied by portrait reproductions." The diaries may be keyword-searched from the main George Washington Papers page or browsed from the Diary page. Also included in this release is the remainder of Series 4, General Correspondence, which completes the online collection of the George Washington Papers. Content at the site is available as either directly viewable images, TIFF images, or text. The collection is an invaluable resources for scholars, students, and librarians.

103

Washington Post Weather  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington Post makes a bid for the already crowded Internet weather market with WeatherPost. Coverage includes current conditions and four-day forecasts for 3,600 cities worldwide, as well as snapshot and time-lapse satellite maps (provided by Accu Weather). For US cities, users may also access UV and air quality maps and data, as well as seasonal maps (snow cover, tanning index, heat index, and BeachCast) and other radar images such as precipitation. Users may enter a city name into the homepage search box, or may browse by country or state/province. The historical weather database offers compiled monthly average weather data for nearly 1,000 cities worldwide; the database is searchable. An aspect of the site that sets it apart from many other weather pages is the weather reference desk, which includes a weather glossary, weather calculators (JavaScript converters for temperature, wind chill, heat index, etc.) and a page devoted to storm chasers.

1997-01-01

104

Seattle Quake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By watching this National Geographic video, you will learn about the seismic activity of Seattle, Washington. Seattle sits on the type of ground that would amplify the effects of an earthquake. Watch how scientists are preparing for the inevitable next quake.

2010-01-01

105

Fog Climatology at Spokane, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fog climatology at Spokane, Washington is established to aid in the preparation of terminal aviation forecasts. Two software applications correlate specific surface weather to fog for parameters five winters of hourly surface observations. The programs on...

P. Frisbie

1995-01-01

106

Washington State gasoline prices study  

SciTech Connect

In spring 1990, responding to strong public and private concern over gasoline supplies and pricing policies, the Washington Legislature commissioned the Washington State Energy Office (WSEO) to study this issue. The responsible committee-the Legislative Transportation Committee asked WSEO to clearly explain why gasoline prices differ from city to city in the state of Washington. This report summarizes the conclusions of a 1 year investigation. To support this investigation, WSEO collected data from 51 cities throughout the state of Washington, representing 750 gasoline stations, 10 refiners, and 131 gasoline wholesalers. To try to explain city-to-city and region-to-region differences, we collected information prices, volumes sold, suppliers, on-site convenience stores, cash discounts, whether a station was independently owned or oil company owned, and a host of other factors. About 150 factors were sought to assist in the analysis.

Anderson, M.; Lagerberg, B.; Byers, D.

1991-07-01

107

Dispersion of metals from abandoned mines and their effects on biota in the Methow River, Okanogan County, Washington. Annual report 3/15/00-3/14/01.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Washington, College of Forest Resources and the Center for Streamside Studies in Seattle, Washington, is being funded by the Bonneville Power Administration to conduct a three-year research project to measure the watershed scale response...

D. Peplow R. Edmonds

2001-01-01

108

The Impact of Interstate Migration on Human Capital Development in Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Washington State is a leader in the innovation economy largely due to the combination of aerospace, software, and biomedical industries centered in the greater Seattle area; and, the state's high level of international trade. Despite Washington's national ranking, the state is overly reliant on importing educated workers from other states and…

Spaulding, Randy

2010-01-01

109

Nisqually, Washington Intraplate Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On February 28, 2001, the M6.8 Nisqually earthquake shook the Pacific Northwest. This intraplate event occurred within the subducting Juan de Fuca plate along the Cascadia margin. Although the damage was less than observed at most large urban earthquakes, serious damage was found in Olympia, Seattle, and Tacoma. To better serve Oregon public safety needs, DOGAMI and others surveyed the Puget Sound damage to expand our technical understanding of seismic ground response, building and lifeline behavior, and secondary hazards (landslides and liquefaction). Damage was observed in structures and areas that, for the most part, would be predicted to be vulnerable. These included: old buildings (URMs), old lifelines (4th Ave bridge in Olympia), areas with poor soil conditions (Harbor Island, Seattle; Sunset Lake, Tumwater), and steep slopes (Salmon Beach; Burien). Damage types included: structural, nonstructural, contents, lifelines, landslides, liquefaction, lateral spreading, sand boils, and settlement. In several notable places, seismic-induced ground failures significantly increased the damage. Estimated costs developed from HAZUS evaluations ranged from \\2 billion to \\3.9 billion. Historic intraplate earthquakes in the Puget Sound region, including the 1949 M7.1, 1965 M6.5, and 1999 M5.9, were not accompanied by significant aftershock events or associated with earthquake sequences. However, a recent El Salvador earthquake sequence suggests there may be particular cases of increased seismicity following large intraplate events, with implications for post-earthquake response and mitigation. The January 13, 2001 M7.6 El Salvador intraplate earthquake was followed by a M6.6 crustal event February 13, 2001 and a M5.4 intraplate event February 28, 2001.

Wang, Y.; Hofmeister, R.

2001-05-01

110

Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri  

Cancer.gov

The primary goal for the Washington University NTR Research Center is to provide and validate a multimodal imaging platform as a novel real-time clinical imaging tool for sentinel lymph node mapping and axillary staging. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become the standard method of axillary staging for patients with breast cancer and clinically negative axillae.

111

Exploring Washington, DC, from Space  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem set, learners will analyze an image of Washington, DC, taken from orbit. They will determine scale and take measurements of several features in the image. A link to more images taken from the International Space Station and the answer key are provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

112

Teaching the March on Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most historical events in American history, the non-violent protest "March on Washington," August 28, 1963, is detailed in an article of remembrance by William P. Jones. His article is crowned by highlights from the "I Have a Dream" speech by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., but also highlights the lessor known role…

Jones, William P.; Euchner, Charles; Hill, Norman; Hill, Velma Murphy

2013-01-01

113

Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative, an accountability system implemented in 2005-06 that measures students' gains in college readiness, college credits earned, and degree or certificate completion. The goal of the initiative is to increase educational attainment by focusing on the critical momentum points…

Pettitt, Maureen; Prince, David

2010-01-01

114

Washington Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Washington State has participated in the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) since its inception in 1995. We have participated in the tsunami inundation hazard mapping, evacuation planning, education, and outreach efforts that generally characterize the NTHMP efforts. We have also investigated hazards of significant interest to the Pacific Northwest. The hazard from locally generated earthquakes on the Cascadia subduction zone, which threatens tsunami inundation in less than hour following a magnitude 9 earthquake, creates special problems for low-lying accretionary shoreforms in Washington, such as the spits of Long Beach and Ocean Shores, where high ground is not accessible within the limited time available for evacuation. To ameliorate this problem, we convened a panel of the Applied Technology Council to develop guidelines for construction of facilities for vertical evacuation from tsunamis, published as FEMA 646, now incorporated in the International Building Code as Appendix M. We followed this with a program called Project Safe Haven (http://www.facebook.com/ProjectSafeHaven) to site such facilities along the Washington coast in appropriate locations and appropriate designs to blend with the local communities, as chosen by the citizens. This has now been completed for the entire outer coast of Washington. In conjunction with this effort, we have evaluated the potential for earthquake-induced ground failures in and near tsunami hazard zones to help develop cost estimates for these structures and to establish appropriate tsunami evacuation routes and evacuation assembly areas that are likely to to be available after a major subduction zone earthquake. We intend to continue these geotechnical evaluations for all tsunami hazard zones in Washington.

Walsh, T. J.; Schelling, J.

2012-12-01

115

Social Studies for Washington Students and Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Studies for Washington Students and Teachers (Originally entitled, BESST -- Building Excellence in Social Studies through Technology) was developed by a group of Social Studies teachers in Washington State. This Web page is an effort to assemble in one place a wide range of information about Washington state, its history, government and lifestyle. Related sections link to U.S. History, World History, Social Studies software, research tools, and student projects, as well as Washington listservs and museums.

1995-01-01

116

Oversight Hearing on the Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act of 1965. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (Seattle, Washington).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is considered in this report of a hearing. Factors that affect students' financing of their college studies in Washington are addressed, including the tax structure, tuition, and the state's financial system. Recommendations for the legislation include: fund student financial aid at levels that…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

117

Standards and Accountability in Washington State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, Washington State was in the vanguard of the standards movement. By 1994, the National Business Roundtable rated Washington as one of four states that had enacted the most complete standards-based reform program. Washington political and business leaders intended to transform public education from a bureaucracy controlled by…

Hill, Paul Thomas; Lake, Robin J.

2002-01-01

118

Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Columbia River is experiencing a far too common problem of disastrous coastal erosion that has been causing grave concern in its community. Because of this, the US Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program and the Washington Department of Ecology created the Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study to predict management scale coastal change, and provide "coastal communities with decision support tools for integrating scientific research with coastal decision making and long-term land use planning efforts." Visitors can discover the study's approach, findings, and participants. The lengthy, informative research link provides information about the study's five key components: coastal change, sediment budget, coastal processes, predictive modeling, and management support. The authors are currently compiling the data collected. Presently, researchers can find data about the beach profiles and the shorelines. The website offers a great, thorough glossary to assist users with unfamiliar terminology. This site is also reviewed in the June 11, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.

119

Tsunami Preparedness in Washington (video)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Tsunamis are a constant threat to the coasts of our world. Although tsunamis are infrequent along the West coast of the United States, it is possible and necessary to prepare for potential tsunami hazards to minimize loss of life and property. Community awareness programs are important, as they strive to create an informed society by providing education and training. This video about tsunami preparedness in Washington distinguishes between a local tsunami and a distant event and focus on the specific needs of this region. It offers guidelines for correct tsunami response and community preparedness from local emergency managers, first-responders, and leading experts on tsunami hazards and warnings, who have been working on ways of making the tsunami affected regions safer for the people and communities on a long-term basis. This video was produced by the US Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with Washington Emergency Management Division (EMD) and with funding by the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.

Loeffler, Kurt; Gesell, Justine, editors/cinematographers

2010-01-01

120

A tsunami about 1000 years ago in Puget Sound, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water surged from Puget Sound sometime between 1000 and 1100 years ago, overrunning tidal marshes and mantling them with centimeters of sand. One overrun site is 10 kilometers northwest of downtown Seattle; another is on Whidbey Island, some 30 kilometers farther north. Neither site has been widely mantled with sand at any other time in the past 2000 years. Deposition of the sand coincided - to the year or less - with abrupt, probably tectonic subsidence at the Seattle site and with landsliding into nearby Lake Washington. These findings show that a tsunami was generated in Puget Sound, and they tend to confirm that a large shallow earthquake occurred in the Seattle area about 1000 years ago.

Atwater, B. F.; Moore, A. L.

1992-01-01

121

George Washington: A National Treasure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When people think of George Washington, they frequently think of the very famous portrait of the man himself painted by Gilbert Stuart. Visitors to this site will get a chance to explore every angle of that painting on this site, along with puzzles, quizzes, and historical features that offer insight into Washington's life and times. The site was created by the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery, with generous support from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. Visitors should start their exploration by clicking on the "Explore the Portrait" link. Here they can take in the portrait through three vantage points: the symbolic, the biographic, and the artistic. It's a fantastic and multifaceted portrait of, well, a portrait, and it's worth several visits. Moving on, "The Patriot Papers" area of the site contains several fun activities, including a tile game, and a feature titled "CROSS-ing the Delaware". Finally, this section also contains some fun articles that answer timely questions like "What were George Washington's teeth really made of?"

122

Prehistoric Earthquakes in the Puget Lowland, Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal marsh deposits and lidar topographic data show evidence for past earthquakes on at least seven fault zones in the Puget lowland. Three major fault zones, the Seattle fault zone, Tacoma fault, and the Southern Whidbey Island fault zone (SWIFZ), cut through the heavily populated portions of central Puget Sound. Faults in four other areas, namely the Darrington-Devils Mountain fault zone, Olympia fault, the northern margin of the Olympic Mountains, and the southeastern Olympic Mountains, show that the area of active Holocene faulting extends over the entire Puget Sound lowlands. As recently as 1998, field evidence could confirm only one fault with evidence of past earthquake activity. Uplifted coastlines and surface ruptures are the field evidence for past Seattle fault earthquakes. Raised intertidal platforms along the Seattle fault zone show that regional uplift of as much as 7 meters accompanied a large earthquake about 1100 years. This earthquake also caused a tsunami, which inundated low-lying coastal areas north of Seattle. All of the lidar scarps found in the Seattle fault zone are north-side-up, opposite the vergence suggested for the Seattle fault from regional geological studies. Excavations across these scarps reveal north-dipping thrust faults that roughly follow bedding planes in bedrock and disrupt late Holocene soils. Soil stratigraphy and radiocarbon ages suggest as many as three surface-rupturing earthquakes in the past 2500 years. Lidar mapping revealed several en echelon scarps along the trace of the Tacoma fault. Existence of the Tacoma fault was previously hypothesized on the basis of large-amplitude gravity, aeromagnetic, and seismic-velocity anomalies, shallow marine seismic reflection surveys, glaciolacustrine strandlines, and coastal marsh stratigraphy. Coastal marsh deposits and scarp excavations suggest that the scarps formed during an earthquake on the Tacoma fault ~1100 years ago, possibly by folding above a buried reverse fault. Coastal marsh stratigraphy, lidar mapping, and fault scarp excavations help define recent activity along the Southern Whidbey Island fault zone (SWIFZ). Abrupt uplift of more than one meter at a coastal marsh on south-central Whidbey Island suggests that a MW 6.5 - 7.0 earthquake on the SWIFZ shook the region between 3200 and 2800 years B.P. Subtle scarps on Pleistocene surfaces are visible on high-resolution lidar topography at a number of locations in the mainland region, often closely associated with aeromagnetic lineaments. In the field, scarps exhibit northeast-side-up vertical relief of 1 to 5 m. Four excavations across two lidar scarps show that the SWIFZ produced at least four events since deglaciation about 16,400 years ago, the most recent after 2700 years ago. The evidence for Holocene deformation across the entire Puget Sound lowlands is now very pervasive, but still incomplete. Lidar scarps have been identified in several areas not associated with the seven zones noted here, but have yet to be investigated. Lidar data covers about 70 percent of the Puget Sound basin, but key areas with suspected crustal faults in northwestern Washington have yet to be flown. Still, the combination of paleoseismological field investigations and lidar imaging allowed remarkable progress in understanding the Holocene earthquake history of greater Puget Sound in just seven years. The new observations will be an important addition to observations used to calculate the National Hazard Maps.

Sherrod, B. L.

2005-12-01

123

GLACIER PEAK ROADLESS AREA, WASHINGTON.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A mineral survey outlined areas of mineral-resource potential in the Glacier Peak Roadless Area, Washington. Substantiated resource potential for base and precious metals has been identified in four mining districts included in whole or in part within the boundary of the roadless area. Several million tons of demonstrated base- and precious-metal resources occur in numerous mines in these districts. Probable resource potential for precious metals exists along a belt of fractured and locally mineralized rock extending northeast from Monte Cristo to the northeast edge of the roadless area.

Church, S. E.; Johnson, F. L.

1984-01-01

124

View of southeastern Washington State  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A vertical view of southeastern Washington States as photographed from Earth orbit by one of the six lenses of the Itek-furnished S190-A Multispectral Photographic Facility Experiment aboard the Skylab space station. The Snake River flows into the Columbia River in the most southerly corner of the picture. The Wallula Lake is below the junction of the two rivers. The Yakima Valley is at the southwestern edge of the photograph. The Columbia Basin is in the center of the picture. The Cascade Range extends across the northwest corner of the photograph.

1973-01-01

125

Washington: a guide to geothermal energy development  

SciTech Connect

Washington's geothermal potential is discussed. The following topics are covered: exploration, drilling, utilization, legal and institutional setting, and economic factors of direct use projects. (MHR)

Bloomquist, R.G.; Basescu, N.; Higbee, C.; Justus, D.; Simpson, S.

1980-06-01

126

Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver: A Tandem of Adult Educators at Tuskegee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver espoused adult education principles through their efforts to eradicate illiteracy, teach practical knowledge to Black farmers and poor Blacks, and instill the value of education in Black adults. (SK)

McGee, Leo

1984-01-01

127

Contributors to Adult Education: Booker T. Washington, George Washington Carver, Alain L. Locke, and Ambrose Caliver.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the lives and the contributions to adult education made by the following African American educators: (1) Booker T. Washington; (2) George Washington Carver; (3) Alain L. Locke; and (4) Ambrose Caliver. (BJV)

Gyant, LaVerne

1988-01-01

128

University of Washington Libraries: Moving Image Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Once again, the University of Washington Digital Collections group has gone above and beyond the call of digital collection duty and service with this small, yet very satisfying, collection. This particular collection brings together 23 compelling short films that include home movies from the Seattle World's Fair in 1962, aerial views of the University campus in the post-World War II period, and footage of a group of Japanese Americans picnicking on Mt. Rainier in 1935. Visitors can browse through the entire collection by name, look around by subject heading, or perform a more sophisticated and nuanced search across the entire collection. That's not all, as the site also includes a handy film preservation manual titled "Low-Cost and No-Cost Suggestions To Care For Your Film". On a related note, visitors shouldn't leave the site without viewing a film of a motorcycle race from 1915 and the delightful images of farmers packing the world's largest box of apples in Yakima.

129

INDIAN HEAVEN ROADLESS AREA, WASHINGTON.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On the basis of geologic, geochemical, and mining activity surveys the Indian Heaven Roadless Area, Washington offers little promise for the occurrence of metallic or nonmetallic mineral resources. Preliminary investigations of the geothermal potential of the area are inconclusive; however, a hot spring is located approximately 10 mi south of the roadless area, and the data indicate an aquifer of unknown extent at a temperature of less than 212 degree F. Geothermal lease applications were filed on about 23. 5 sq mi of the roadless area indicating potential interest in the development of a geothermal resource. In addition, about 39 sq mi of the roadless area have been leased for oil and gas exploration.

Church, S. E.; Barnes, D. J.

1984-01-01

130

EAGLE ROCK ROADLESS AREA, WASHINGTON.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The results of geologic, geochemical, aeromagnetic, and mine and prospect investigations define the mineral-resource potential of the Eagle Rock Roadless Area of north-central Washington. The area has probable and substantiated resource potential for base and precious metals where the eastern part of the Index mining district extends into the roadless area; the Sunset mine, 400 ft outside the area, has inferred copper resources, and 10 other properties in the roadless area have demonstrated resources for base and precious metals. The resource potential in the area is related to the Index batholith, which makes up the western part of the roadless area, and rocks to the east in the roadless area that are intruded by the Index batholith. There is little promise for the occurrence of energy resources in the roadless area.

Church, S. E.; Johnson, F. L.

1984-01-01

131

George Washington Carver Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

George Washington Carver was many things to many people: at various points in his life he was a scholar, teacher, inventor, and student. From humble roots in southwestern Missouri, Carver went on to wear many hats. This fine digital collection from the Iowa State University brings together over 200 photographs, letters, and other items held in the ISU archives. The majority of the correspondence here is between Carver and his mentor, Dr. Louis Pammel, and their words cover a wide variety of topics, including peanuts, scientific experimentation, and so on. There are many wonderful photos of Carver, including his graduation photo from 1893, taken the year before he formally graduated from the Iowa Agricultural College. Visitors who might be less familiar with the contours of Carver life may also wish to read the narrative essay on his life by Toby Fishbein.

2012-06-08

132

Washington State biomass data book  

SciTech Connect

This is the first edition of the Washington State Biomass Databook. It assess sources and approximate costs of biomass fuels, presents a view of current users, identifies potential users in the public and private sectors, and lists prices of competing energy resources. The summary describes key from data from the categories listed above. Part 1, Biomass Supply, presents data increasing levels of detail on agricultural residues, biogas, municipal solid waste, and wood waste. Part 2, Current Industrial and Commercial Use, demonstrates how biomass is successfully being used in existing facilities as an alternative fuel source. Part 3, Potential Demand, describes potential energy-intensive public and private sector facilities. Part 4, Prices of Competing Energy Resources, shows current suppliers of electricity and natural gas and compares utility company rates. 49 refs., 43 figs., 72 tabs.

Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

1991-07-01

133

Labor Archives of Washington State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently the Special Collections Division of the University of Washington Libraries collaborated with the Harry Bridge Center for Labor Studies to create this rather special digital collection of materials related to Pacific Northwest labor history. It's an impressive endeavor, and visitors can make their way through five topical areas here. The areas include "The I.W.W. in the Pacific Northwest" and "Labor and the New Deal". Each area features a brief introductory essay with embedded links to primary sources relevant to each topic, such as historic photographs, documents, pamphlets, and so on. The website could be effectively used in a labor history course, and it is also does a great job of making much of this material accessible to a wider audience. A search engine and a list of additional resources round out the site.

134

Astronomy 101 in Washington State High Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Washington in the High School (UWHS) program enables high schools to offer the 5 quarter credits Astronomy 101 (Astr 101) course for college credits. The credits are transferable to most colleges and universities. The course provides an alternative to advance placement courses and programs such as Washington's Running Start whereby high school students take courses at community

Julie H. Lutz; S. Garner; T. Stetter; J. McKeever; V. Santo Pietro

2011-01-01

135

Booker T. Washington: Rural West Virginia Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The biographical sketch focuses on the early teaching career of Booker T. Washington at Tinkersville School in his hometown of Malden, West Virginia, from 1876-1878. Recollections of Washington's own education in Sunday school, the Tinkersville School, and Hampton Institute are included. (NEC)

King, Althea M.

1985-01-01

136

Survey of Dry Bean Farmers in Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In 2002, we surveyed dry bean farmers in Washington to better understand farmers' perceptions regarding dry bean production, storage and marketing in the region. We developed a short questionnaire and distributed it to 124 farmers by mail and conducted a follow up through email (30) and telephone interviews (88). Forty-six farmers from 18 counties in Washington responded to our

Carol A. Miles; Madhu Sonde

137

Washington State Survey of Adolescent Health Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1992 Washington State Survey of Adolescent Health Behaviors (WSSAHB) was created to collect information regarding a variety of adolescent health behaviors among students in the state of Washington. It expands on two previous administrations of a student tobacco, alcohol, and other drug survey and includes questions about medical care, safety,…

Washington State Dept. of Social and Health Services, Olympia.

138

Current Conditions in Washington State School Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Washington State assumes full responsibility for funding a basic education program for K-12 public schools. Full funding of basic education includes special education programs, transitional bilingual programs, remediation-assistance programs, and certain pupil transportation costs. This paper describes conditions in Washington State school finance…

Plecki, Margaret L.

139

Early Childhood Injury Deaths in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses data on the deaths of children aged 1-4 years in Washington State. A two-fold approach was used in the analysis. First, Washington State death certificate data for 1979-85 were used to characterize the deaths and identify hazardous situations. Second, death certificates were linked to birth certificates of children born in…

Starzyk, Patricia M.

140

University of Washington Department of Radiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Department of Radiology Webserver offers an online learning center with Continuing Medical Education (CME) credits are available online through the Webserver. The University of Washington School of Medicine has designated the digital teaching file on the Webserver for credit hours in Category I of the Physicians Recognition Award of the American Medical Association.

141

Cowlitz Falls Project No. 2833 - Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Public Utility District No. 1 of Lewis County (Applicant), of Chehalis, Washington, proposes to construct a hydroelectric project with an installed capacity of 70 MW on the Cowlitz River in the vicinity of Morton and Randle, Washington. The project wo...

1982-01-01

142

Early Washington Maps: A Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Documenting "the struggle between Britain and America for the ownership of the region, and the further development of one of the last frontiers on the continent" is one of the primary goals of this digital collection of maps relating the history and development of the area that eventually would become Washington state. Created by a partnership between the University of Washington and Washington State University, the digital collection includes a timeline of early Washington maps that orients its users to the breadth and depth of the digital collection. There is also a drop-down menu that allows visitors to look at thumbnails of each map, organized by different themes such as forests, Puget Sound, and railroads. A general searchable index to the collection is also available for visitors looking for any number of thematic maps. The site will be of special interest to those curious about Washington state history, historical geography, and the practice of cartography over the past few centuries.

143

ASTER Washington, D.C.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The White House, the Jefferson Memorial, and the Washington Monument with its shadow are all visible in this image of Washington, D.C. With its 15-meter spatial resolution, ASTER can see individual buildings. Taken on June 1, 2000, this image covers an area 14 kilometers (8.5 miles) wide and 13.7 kilometers (8.2 miles) long in three bands of the reflected visible and infrared wavelength region. The combination of visible and near infrared bands displays vegetation in red and water in dark grays. The Potomac River flows from the middle left to the bottom center. The large red area west of the river is Arlington National Cemetery.

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. science team leader; Moshe Pniel of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high-resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The primary goal of the ASTER mission is to obtain high-resolution image data in 14 channels over the entire land surface, as well as black and white stereo images. With revisit time of between 4 and 16 days, ASTER will provide the capability for repeat coverage of changing areas on Earth's surface.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Examples of applications include monitoring glacial advances and retreats, potentially active volcanoes, thermal pollution, and coral reef degradation; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; evaluating wetlands; mapping surface temperature of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

2000-01-01

144

6. VIEW OF WASHINGTON CIRCLE WITH LOOKING WEST PAST STATUE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF WASHINGTON CIRCLE WITH LOOKING WEST PAST STATUE ALONG K STREET VISTA TO THE KEY BRIDGE AND THE PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE VISTA TO GEORGETOWN - Washington Circle, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

145

VIEW OF NOS. 217 AND 219 WASHINGTON AVENUE LOOKING NORTHEAST, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF NOS. 217 AND 219 WASHINGTON AVENUE LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING WEST FACADES - Apollo Iron & Steel Works, Company Housing, West of Washington & Lincoln Avenues, Vandergrift, Westmoreland County, PA

146

View of book shop on elevator reboarding level Washington ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of book shop on elevator reboarding level - Washington Monument, High ground West of Fifteenth Street, Northwest, between Independence & Constitution Avenues, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

147

Elevator Reboarding Level Plan & Observation Level Plan Washington ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Elevator Reboarding Level Plan & Observation Level Plan - Washington Monument, High ground West of Fifteenth Street, Northwest, between Independence & Constitution Avenues, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

148

Third release of the George Washington Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress (LOC) National Digital Library has recently made the third Web release of the George Washington Papers (last discussed in the August 28, 1998 Scout Report). Totalling about 19,000 images, this release includes incoming correspondence, military reports and records, letters of reference for applicants for Federal office, military commissions and honorary degrees received by Washington, and notes he wrote on political and agricultural topics between 1760-99. Images are available in both GIF and JPEG formats. The three releases of the Washington Papers total approximately 50,000 images, one-third of the 147,000 that will eventually make up the complete online collection.

149

Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains information about the geology of Washington State, provided by the Division of Natural Resources (DNR). It includes details about geologic hazards, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, tsunamis, and coal mine subsidence; geologic mapping, including a geologic map of the state; mine reclamation programs and energy regulation; downloadable publications; geology of the state by region, and by major geologic events from the Precambrian to Cenozoic; and information about the library with a Digital Bibliography of the Geology and Mineral Resources of Washington. The education section contains the Earth Connections series with lessons and experiments relating to geology within Washington state. There are many links provided for more information.

150

Asians in Washington: A Statistical Profile.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Asians and Pacific Islanders constitute a major racial group in Washington. Culturally, it is perhaps the most diverse, comprised of the Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, Hawaiians, Indochinese, and Samoans. Numerically, not including the Indochinese...

P. M. Ong J. T. Fujita S. Chin K. Fujita

1976-01-01

151

Occupational Injuries and Illnesses-Washington, 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains 52 tabulations of characteristics of occupational injuries and illnesses related to industry, occupation, and age of injured or ill worker. Data were compiled by the Washington Department of Labor and Industries from records of work...

1980-01-01

152

Charging Up in King County, Washington  

ScienceCinema

King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

Constantine, Dow; Oliver, LeAnn; Inslee, Jay; Sahandy, Sheida; Posthuma, Ron; Morrison, David;

2013-05-29

153

The Genome Center at Washington University  

SciTech Connect

Bob Fulton of Washington University discusses the sequencing platforms in use at this large scale genome center on June 2, 2010 at the "Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future" meeting in Santa Fe, NM

Fulton, Bob [Washington University

2010-06-02

154

Wells Project No. 2149, Washington Wildlife Proceedings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The final environmental statement relates to an administrative action involving the Public Utility District No. 1 of Douglas County (Licensee) and the Washington State Department of Game, regarding a determination of the extent of wildlife losses directly...

1973-01-01

155

Charging Up in King County, Washington  

SciTech Connect

King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

Constantine, Dow; Oliver, LeAnn; Inslee, Jay; Sahandy, Sheida; Posthuma, Ron; Morrison, David

2011-01-01

156

The Development of the Washington Library Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The computer design of the system serving the 58 library systems of the Washington Library Network provides nine online files through its integrated bibliographic and acquisitions subsystems. The bibliographic subsystem provides an authority file of autho...

R. G. Swartz

1979-01-01

157

Charging Up in King County, Washington  

ScienceCinema

King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

158

A Special Treat Awaits Zoophiles in Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Amazonia exhibit at the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, in Washington DC. The exhibit provides an example of the plant and animal life that exist in a tropical rain forest. (MDH)

Park, Edwards

1993-01-01

159

Psychotropic Drug Cost in Washington State.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Costs incurred by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services in the provision of psychotropic drugs to persons discharged from State institutions are reviewed as of 1976. Psychotropic medication includes antipsychotic agents and antidep...

W. S. Day C. H. Dupee' P. F. Gronnert

1976-01-01

160

Pan Around the Washington DC Mall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A brief tour of the Washington, DC mall as seen by the IKONOS satellite. The tour starts at the Capitol building (the end point of the DC Zoom-in) and moves down the Mall, passing the Washinton Monument and reaching the Lincoln Memorial. From there it turns southeast over the tidal basin to the Jefferson Memorial and finally turns north, passing back over the Washington Monument before ending at the White House.

Bridgman, Tom; Williams, Darrel

2001-03-30

161

12 CFR 4.4 - Washington office and web site.  

...2014-01-01 false Washington office and web site. 4.4 Section 4.4 Banks and...Functions § 4.4 Washington office and web site. The Washington office...Washington, DC 20219. The OCC's Web site is at...

2014-01-01

162

Dacthal and chlorophenoxy herbicides and chlorothalonil fungicide in eggs of osprey ( Pandion haliaetus) from the Duwamish–Lake Washington–Puget Sound area of Washington state, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current-use chlorophenoxy herbicides including 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dicamba, triclopyr, dicamba, dimethyl tetrachloroterephthalate (DCPA or dacthal), and the metabolite of pyrethroids, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), and the fungicide, chlorothalonil, were investigated in the eggs of osprey (Pandion haliaetus) that were collected from 15 sites from five study areas Puget Sound\\/Seattle area of Washington State, USA. DCPA differs from acidic chlorophenoxy herbicides, and is

Shaogang Chu; Charles J. Henny; James L. Kaiser; Ken G. Drouillard; G. Douglas Haffner; Robert J. Letcher

2007-01-01

163

Geologic datasets for weights of evidence analysis in Northeast Washington: 4. mineral industry activity in Washington, 1985-1997  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report includes a table of 339 sites representing mineral activities for mining and mineral exploration in the State of Washington from 1985 through 1997. The table was primarily compiled from annual reports in Washington Geologic Newsletter and Washington Geology. The information was compiled for use in a weights-of-evidence analysis of mineral resources in northeastern Washington.

Boleneus, D. E.; Derkey, R. E.

2000-01-01

164

Three-Dimensional Modeling of Fecal Coliform in the Tidal Basin and Washington Channel, Washington, DC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fecal coliform are widely used as bacterial indicator in the United States and around the world. Fecal coliform impaired water is highly possible to be polluted by pathogenic bacteria. The Tidal Basin and Washington Channel in Washington, DC are on the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) list due to the high fecal coliform level. To support TMDL development, a three-dimensional

SEN BAI; WU-SENG LUNG

2006-01-01

165

Digital Encyclopedia: George Washington's Mount Vernon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was George Washington's life like at Mount Vernon? This frequent question is answered in fine form by this Digital Encyclopedia, compiled by a variety of scholars in collaboration with the Mount Vernon Estate. It is particularly appropriate that there is such a copious compendium of facts on the goings-on at Mt. Vernon, as Washington was enamored of encyclopedias during his life. Drawing on a range of primary sources, this project brings together hundreds of entries divided into over a dozen topics, including Military, Slavery, Food and Drink, and Animals. The Personal area is quite compelling, as it includes entries on Barbados, smallpox and, of course, the celebrated myths surrounding Washington's false teeth.

166

Nuclear Physics Laboratory, University of Washington annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington in Seattle pursues a broad program of nuclear physics. These activities are conducted locally and at remote sites. The current programs include in-house research using the local tandem Van de Graaff and superconducting linac accelerators and non-accelerator research in solar neutrino physics at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in Canada and at SAGE in Russia, and gravitation as well as user-mode research at large accelerators and reactor facilities around the world. Summaries of the individual research projects are included. Areas of research covered are: fundamental symmetries, weak interactions and nuclear astrophysics; neutrino physics; nucleus-nucleus reactions; ultra-relativistic heavy ions; and atomic and molecular clusters.

NONE

1998-04-01

167

Endangered Plants in Oregon and Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a partial list of the 132 Oregon and Washington plants which have been proposed for federal protection under the Endangered Species Act. Suggestions for student/citizen involvement in preserving these species and a description of a videotape about rare/endangered species of the Willamette Valley (Oregon) are included. (DH)

Love, Rhoda M.

1985-01-01

168

Goldman visits Washington, D.C.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Stennis Space Center Director Gene Goldman (right) visited Washington, D.C,. last month, where he called on Louisiana and Mississippi leaders to update them on work at the rocket engine testing facility. Rep. Gene Taylor, D-Miss., was among those visited by Goldman on March 24.

2009-01-01

169

The Successful Transfer Structure in Washington State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How did Washington create a clear organizational structure that assigns responsibility for each aspect of transfer policy to the group that is best suited to manage it (Kisker, Wagoner, and Cohen, 2011)? In this chapter, the authors will introduce the agencies, organizations, and entities that have played a key role in gathering information,…

Sherman, Jane; Andreas, Michelle

2012-01-01

170

Eutrophication model for Lake Washington (USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed a complex eutrophication model to simulate the current chemical and biological properties of Lake Washington (USA). The model reproduces the key epilimnetic and hypolimnetic temporal patterns of the system and results in a good fit between simulated and observed monthly values. The relative error of model estimates was below 20% for most of the water quality parameters (phytoplankton,

George B. Arhonditsis; Michael T. Brett

2005-01-01

171

Natural phenomena hazards, Hanford Site, Washington  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the natural phenomena hazard loads for use in implementing DOE Order 5480.28, Natural Phenomena Hazards Mitigation, and supports development of double-shell tank systems specifications at the Hanford Site in south-central Washington State. The natural phenomena covered are seismic, flood, wind, volcanic ash, lightning, snow, temperature, solar radiation, suspended sediment, and relative humidity.

Conrads, T.J.

1998-09-29

172

Washington Schools Learn from Value Engineering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of two value engineering studies have shown that a review early in the design process can help save costs in school construction, maintenance, operation, and replacement. The value engineering concepts and technical manual are being presented throughout the state of Washington. (MLF)

Doleae, Michael L.; Childs, Harvey C.

1983-01-01

173

Sales Housing Market: Washington Metropolitan Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1981, the Washington, D.C., Metropolitan Area had the third highest conventionally financed new and existing home prices in the country. From 1973 to 1981, new home prices rose by 158 percent, and existing home prices by 138 percent. However, between 1...

1982-01-01

174

Gravity Data for the State of Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Washington state gravity data in ASCII format are contained on a 9-track magnetic tape described in this report. The tape was written at a density of 1600 BPI and contains one file of 24,526 records of 80 ASCII characters each. The data consists of statio...

C. Finn

1985-01-01

175

Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission Implements GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC) recently completed a cooperative pilot project with Montgomery and Prince George's counties, Md., in which a complete 59-layer geographic information system (GIS) data base was developed for a portion of its service area. During the pilot project described in this article, planimetric and parcel data were developed, and water and sewer facility maps were

James R. Cannistra; Richard Leadbeater; Ray Humphries

1992-01-01

176

Laptop Circulation at Eastern Washington University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, Eastern Washington University's Libraries began a laptop circulation program with seventeen laptops. Today, there are 150 laptops in the circulation pool, as well as seventeen digital cameras, eleven digital handycams, and thirteen digital projectors. This article explains how the program has grown to its present size, the growing pains…

Munson, Doris; Malia, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

177

Teaching about George Washington. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No generation in U.S. history has matched that of the founding era for its array of talented and influential political thinkers and actors. These individuals (such as George Washington, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison) possessed traits of character and intellect that significantly shaped the…

Vontz, Thomas S.; Nixon, William A.

178

1984 Population Trends for Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of April 1, 1984, Washington's population was estimated at 4,328,100, an increase of 43,000 over last year's population. This report provides data pertaining to the: official April 1, 1984 population and housing estimates for cities, towns, and counties and components of population change. The following special reports are also presented:…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.

179

Famous Americans: George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides background information and ideas for teaching about George Washington and Abraham Lincoln at the primary grade level. Cross-curricular activities include work in music, writing, art, research, plays, and games. A pull-out poster with a poem on "President's Day" is stapled in the center of the book. Chapters in the book are: (1)…

Fleming, Maria

180

Famous Americans: George Washington & Abraham Lincoln.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing students in grade 1-3 to George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, this book presents thematic units that present biographical information, and literature links such as poems, songs, stories, cross-curricular activities, and hands-on reproducibles. Chapters in the book are: (1) Getting to Know George; (2) The Father and His Country; (3)…

Fleming, Maria

181

Alternative Maternity Services in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of maternity services has changed in the past 20 years, with a movement away from traditional (physician delivery in a hospital) towards other alternative services. This study examined alternative maternity services in Washington State, which ranks eighth in the country in the use of such services. Data were collected from birth and…

Starzyk, Patricia M.

182

Laptop Circulation at Eastern Washington University  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, Eastern Washington University's Libraries began a laptop circulation program with seventeen laptops. Today, there are 150 laptops in the circulation pool, as well as seventeen digital cameras, eleven digital handycams, and thirteen digital projectors. This article explains how the program has grown to its present size, the growing pains encountered, and the evolution of current policies.

Doris Munson; Elizabeth Malia

2008-01-01

183

Licensed Child Care in Washington State: 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is one of an ongoing series of biennial surveys of all child care centers and some licensed family home providers by Washington State's Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS). A total of 1,137 child care centers and 1,527 family home providers were interviewed in spring 1998. Major findings include: (1) Over the period 1990 to…

Miller, Marna Geyer; Schrager, Laura

184

George Washington Carver: A Most Inventive Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the life of George Washington Carver. Explains how he achieved his goals of educating a better southern farmer and creating a better southern citizen based on his principles of agriculture economics. Discusses Carver's educational and teaching experiences that eventually lead to an expansion of human potential. (JS)

Davis, Marci

1989-01-01

185

Forest Health Highlights in Washington, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Washington has nearly 22 million acres of forestland. In 2008, over 1.36 million acres of this land contained elevated levels of tree mortality, tree defoliation or foliar diseases. This is almost unchanged from the 1.4 million acres reported in 2007. Dro...

A. Nelson A. Ramsey G. Kohler J. Moore K. Ripley

2008-01-01

186

Forest Health Highlights in Washington, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Washington has nearly 22 million acres of forestland. In 2009, over 1.73 million acres of this land contained elevated levels of tree mortality, tree defoliation, or foliar diseases. This is an increase from the 1.36 million acres reported in 2008. Simila...

A. Ramsey-Kroll D. Omdal G. Kohler K. Ripley M. Johnson

2009-01-01

187

Connect the Book. George Washington's Teeth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

February celebrates both National Children's Dental Health Month and President's Day (February 21), so this month's "Connect the Book" column features a book with connections to both events. George Washington, the first President of the United States (1789-1797) and known as the "Father of Our Country," had a serious dental health problem that…

Brodie, Carolyn S.

2005-01-01

188

Spatial distribution of tropospheric ozone in western Washington, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We quantified the distribution of tropospheric ozone in topographically complex western Washington state, USA (total area a??6000 km2), using passive ozone samplers along nine river drainages to measure ozone exposure from near sea level to high-elevation mountain sites. Weekly average ozone concentrations were higher with increasing distance from the urban core and at higher elevations, increasing a mean of 1.3 ppbv per 100 m elevation gain for all mountain transects. Weekly average ozone concentrations were generally highest in Cascade Mountains drainages east and southeast of Seattle (maximum=55a??67 pbv) and in the Columbia River Gorge east of Portland (maximum=59 ppbv), and lowest in the western Olympic Peninsula (maximum=34 ppbv). Higher ozone concentrations in the Cascade Mountains and Columbia River locations downwind of large cities indicate that significant quantities of ozone and ozone precursors are being transported eastward toward rural wildland areas by prevailing westerly winds. In addition, temporal (week to week) variation in ozone distribution is synchronous within and between all drainages sampled, which indicates that there is regional coherence in air pollution detectable with weekly averages. These data provide insight on large-scale spatial variation of ozone distribution in western Washington, and will help regulatory agencies optimize future monitoring networks and identify locations where human health and natural resources could be at risk.

Cooper, S. M.; Peterson, D. L.

2000-01-01

189

PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF COMPANYBUILT HOUSING ON EAST SIDE OF WASHINGTON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF COMPANY-BUILT HOUSING ON EAST SIDE OF WASHINGTON AVENUE, VIEWED FROM FRANKLIN AVENUE LOOKING NORTH - Apollo Iron & Steel Works, Company Housing, West of Washington & Lincoln Avenues, Vandergrift, Westmoreland County, PA

190

Trends and Determinants of Cycling in the Washington, DC Region.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report analyzes cycling trends, policies, and commuting in the Washington, DC area. The analysis is divided into two parts. Part 1 focuses on cycling trends and policies in Washington (DC), Alexandria (VA), Arlington County (VA), Fairfax County (VA),...

A. Hamre D. Sonenklar P. Goger R. Buehler

2011-01-01

191

Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington. 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington" provides vital data to chart higher education's progress and challenges. First published in 2002 by the Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, this annual report highlights "Key Facts" about Washington's postsecondary institutions--including faculty, students,…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2012

2012-01-01

192

The Computer Science teaching Laboratory at the University of Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to describe the Computer Science Laboratory at the University of Washington, explain how it is run, and to examine both its benefits and costs to the University. In order to do so, it is necessary to discuss briefly the University of Washington itself. The University of Washington is a very large, single-campus, state university.

Earl Hunt

1970-01-01

193

1979-1980 Geothermal Resource Assessment Program in Washington  

SciTech Connect

Separate abstracts were prepared for seven papers. Also included are a bibliography of geothermal resource information for the State of Washington, well temperature information and locations in the State of Washington, and a map of the geology of the White Pass-Tumac Mountain Area, Washington. (MHR)

Korosec, M.A.; Schuster, J.E.

1980-01-01

194

The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Washington Monument (District of Columbia) is one of the most recognizable structures in the United States. Its prominence comes because it commemorates George Washington, who remains one of this country's most admired leaders. The history of the monument reflects Washington's contributions to the development of the United States and shows how…

Kopin, Stephanie A.

195

University of Washington Yearbooks and Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For many people, purchasing a college yearbook was (and is) an important rite of passage from college life to young adulthood. One could savor football games, an honor society membership, or perhaps a memory of beloved professor, all by turning the pages. The University of Washington has long published such a volume, called Tyee. The work was published from 1900 to 1994, and recently digitized by the University of Washington Digital Collections. Visitors can browse the collection here and also search by keyword. New users may wish to start with the 1904 volume, which contains a droll section titled "Wit, Wisdom and Folly," along with the usual homages to fraternities, faculty, and the campus.

196

Low-temperature geothermal resources of Washington  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information on the location, physical characteristics, and water chemistry of low-temperature geothermal resources in Washington. The database includes 941 thermal (>20C or 68F) wells, 34 thermal springs, lakes, and fumaroles, and 238 chemical analyses. Most thermal springs occur in the Cascade Range, and many are associated with stratovolcanoes. In contrast, 97 percent of thermal wells are located in the Columbia Basin of southeastern Washington. Some 83.5 percent are located in Adams, Benton, Franklin, Grant, Walla Walla, and Yakima Counties. Yakima County, with 259 thermal wells, has the most. Thermal wells do not seem to owe their origin to local sources of heat, such as cooling magma in the Earth`s upper crust, but to moderate to deep circulation of ground water in extensive aquifers of the Columbia River Basalt Group and interflow sedimentary deposits, under the influence of a moderately elevated (41C/km) average geothermal gradient.

Schuster, J.E. [Washington State Dept. of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA (United States). Div. of Geology and Earth Resources] [Washington State Dept. of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA (United States). Div. of Geology and Earth Resources; Bloomquist, R.G. [Washington State Energy Office, Olympia, WA (United States)] [Washington State Energy Office, Olympia, WA (United States)

1994-06-01

197

University of Washington: Osteoporosis and Bone Physiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Dr. Susan Ott, professor of medicine at the University of Washington, this informative website was developed as an educational resource for both physicians and patients. The website offers sections on Osteoporosis, Bone Density, Osteomalacia, Basic Prevention, Pharmaceutical Treatment, and more. The website provides a list of real cases, references, related links, and an interactive Osteoporosis quiz. The site also includes animations of bone metabolic units, and a gallery of images including photomicrographs, biopsies, and x-rays.

198

Preparing for climate change in Washington State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change is expected to bring potentially significant changes to Washington State’s natural, institutional, cultural,\\u000a and economic landscape. Addressing climate change impacts will require a sustained commitment to integrating climate information\\u000a into the day-to-day governance and management of infrastructure, programs, and services that may be affected by climate change.\\u000a This paper discusses fundamental concepts for planning for climate change and

Lara C. Whitely Binder; Jennifer Krencicki Barcelos; Derek B. Booth; Meriel Darzen; Marketa McGuire Elsner; Richard Fenske; Thomas F. Graham; Alan F. Hamlet; John Hodges-Howell; J. Elizabeth Jackson; Catherine Karr; Patrick W. Keys; Jeremy S. Littell; Nathan Mantua; Jennifer Marlow; Don McKenzie; Michael Robinson-Dorn; Eric A. Rosenberg; Claudio O. Stöckle; Julie A. Vano

2010-01-01

199

ALPINE LAKES WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, WASHINGTON.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Alpine Lakes Wilderness study area, located in the central part of the Cascade Mountains of Washington was examined for its mineral-resource potential. On the basis of that study the area was found to contain deposits of copper, other base metals, and gold and silver. Probable or substantiated mineral-resource potential exists for these commodities in the southwest-central, northwest, and southeast-central parts of the area. The geologic terrane precludes the occurrence of fossil fuel resources.

Gualtieri, J. L.; Thurber, H. K.

1984-01-01

200

Petroleum potential of Oregon and Washington  

SciTech Connect

The states of Oregon and Washington border the Pacific Ocean within an area of diverse topography, climate, and vegetation with altitudes ranging from sea level to more than 8,000 ft. The Mesozoic and Paleozoic rocks are quasi-eugeosynclinal but badly indurated and/or metamorphosed, implying that almost all the pre-Tertiary rocks were unfavorable for oil and gas except some 700 mi{sup 2} of outcropping Mesozoic rocks exposed through windows in the overlying volcanics along the SW extension of the Blue and the Klamath mountains, accordingly. A profound angular and erosional unconformity separates the Tertiary sediments and volcanics from the older rocks. During Late Mesozoic and Tertiary time, uplift accompanied by erosion caused the removal of large areas of metamorphosed sediments and the development of pre-Miocene surface of large relief. Crustal movements of Late Miocene age produced NW-SE folds in Washington, and NS folds in the Coast range of Oregon. Some of the exploration methods (excluding wildcat drilling) were inconvenient. Seismic and gravity methods are impeded, the first by glacial till, basalt flows, sills, and dikes, and the second by laccoliths. Although the region is not the best place for hustling, drilling activity for development of potential oil and gas ushered 78% success rate in Oregon, and Shell and Exxon earned significant bonus bids in Washington.

Billo, S.M. (King Saul Univ., Riyadh (Saudi Arabia))

1990-06-01

201

Babesia divergens-like Infection, Washington State  

PubMed Central

Most reported U.S. zoonotic cases of babesiosis have occurred in the Northeast and been caused by Babesia microti. In Washington State, three cases of babesiosis have been reported previously, which were caused by WA1 (for “Washington 1”)-type parasites. We investigated a case of babesiosis in Washington in an 82–year-old man whose spleen had been removed and whose parasitemia level was 41.4%. The complete 18S ribosomal RNA gene of the parasite was amplified from specimens of his whole blood by polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis showed the parasite is most closely related, but not identical, to B. divergens (similarity score, 99.5%), a bovine parasite in Europe. By indirect fluorescent-antibody testing, his serum reacted to B. divergens but not to B. microti or WA1 antigens. This case demonstrates that babesiosis can be caused by novel parasites detectable by manual examination of blood smears but not by serologic or molecular testing for B. microti or WA1-type parasites.

Herwaldt, Barbara L.; de Bruyn, Guy; Pieniazek, Norman J.; Homer, Mary; Lofy, Kathryn H.; Slemenda, Susan B.; Fritsche, Thomas R.; Persing, David H.

2004-01-01

202

Three-dimensional modeling of fecal coliform in the Tidal Basin and Washington Channel, Washington, DC.  

PubMed

Fecal coliform are widely used as bacterial indicator in the United States and around the world. Fecal coliform impaired water is highly possible to be polluted by pathogenic bacteria. The Tidal Basin and Washington Channel in Washington, DC are on the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) list due to the high fecal coliform level. To support TMDL development, a three-dimensional numerical model of fecal coliform was developed using the EFDC framework. The model calculates the transport of fecal coliform under the influences of flap gate operations and tidal elevation. The original EFDC code was modified to calculate the die-off of fecal coliform under the impact of temperature and solar radiation intensity. The watershed contribution is expressed as storm water inflow and the load carried by the runoff. Model results show that fecal coliform vary strongly in space in both the Tidal Basin and Washington Channel. The storm water only impacts a small area around the storm water outfall in the Tidal Basin and the impacts are negligible in the Washington Channel due to dilution. The water from the Potomac River may affect the fecal coliform level in the area close to the flap gate in the Tidal Basin. The fecal coliform level in the Washington Channel is mainly controlled by the fecal coliform level in the Anacostia River, which is located at the open boundary of the Washington Channel. The potential sediment layer storage of fecal coliform was analyzed and it was found that the sediment layer fecal coliform level could be much higher than the water column fecal coliform level and becomes a secondary source under high bottom shear stress condition. The developed model built solid connection of fecal coliform source and concentration in the water column and has been used to develop TMDL. PMID:16854806

Bai, Sen; Lung, Wu-Seng

2006-01-01

203

WashingtonPost.com: Watergate 25  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington Post commemorates the twenty-fifth anniversary of its most famous story with a site featuring a timeline of the Watergate scandal that contains links to full text selections of original articles. It also offers short biographies of the twenty key players in the Nixon administration and the investigation, some speculations on the true identity of the still unidentified informer "Deep Throat," and selected memories from Post staffers. A summary of post-Watergate reforms details their lasting impact and provides links to stories on current political scandals.

1997-01-01

204

University of Washington N-Body Shop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Washington's N-Body Shop is "in the business of designing and running software that enables high-performance computing on a variety of astronomy-related problems, including large-scale structure formation and planet formation." At the N-Body Shop site you can browse the multimedia picture gallery, featuring simulations of planet and galaxy formations and physical properties, read pre-prints by researchers, and download N-body simulation software. The site's K-12 outreach page features links to astronomical images and animations, sites on the history of astronomy, hyperlinked newsletters and announcements, and curriculum materials. This is the place to learn how a star is born.

205

Baltimore - Washington: 200 Years of Urban Growth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of animated maps portrays the growth and gradual merger over the past 200 years of Washington and Baltimore. Researchers incorporated historical maps and census information dating back to 1792, as well as satellite photographs and other data collected from NASA satellites and space shuttles over the past 25 years. The animated maps provide a powerful tool that could help manage the regions suburban sprawl in the near future. These animations were developed using provisional data, which may contain anomalies. The final database is scheduled for completion after June, 1996.

Foresman, Timothy; Masuoka, Penny

1996-04-15

206

University of Washington: Database Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington's Database Research Group âÂÂis focused on broadening the scope of database and data management techniques beyond their traditional scope.â Its work focuses on databases and the Web, XML, data management for ubiquitous computing, data integration, and data mining. For example, the Mangrove project seeks to facilitate the move to the semantic Web by creating âÂÂan environment in which users are motivated to create semantic content because of the existence of useful semantic services.â The various projects are described on this website along with related publications, which are available to download.

207

Modeling spatial variability of airborne levoglucosan in Seattle, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many urban areas residential wood burning is a significant source of wintertime fine particles and has an important influence on spatial variability of particle concentrations. Although woodsmoke fine particles are usually within the size range thought to be most damaging to human health, their chemical composition is different from those derived from fossil fuel combustion, on which most health-effects

J. G. Su; M. Buzzelli; M. Brauer; T. Gould; T. V. Larson

2008-01-01

208

78 FR 46258 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation Lake Washington, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...schedule that governs the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge (State Route 520 across Lake...the draw span of the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge (State Route 520 across Lake...road traffic onto the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge. The closure of the...

2013-07-31

209

78 FR 67027 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...schedule that governs the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge (State Route 520) across Lake...the draw span of the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge (State Route 520) remain closed...game football traffic. Evergreen Point Floating Bridge (State Route 520) provides...

2013-11-08

210

77 FR 37317 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...accommodate the running of the Seafair Rock and Roll Marathon. This deviation allows the bridge to remain...of participants of the Seafair Rock and Roll Marathon. The Rock and Roll Marathon is the largest distance running event in...

2012-06-21

211

Seismic Stability of the Duwamish River Delta, Seattle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The delta front of the Duwamish River valley near Elliott Bay and Harbor Island is founded on young Holocene deposits shaped by sea-level rise, episodic volcanism, and seismicity. These river-mouth deposits are highly susceptible to seismic soil liquefaction and are potentially prone to submarine landsliding and disintegrative flow failure. A highly developed commercial-industrial corridor, extending from the City of Kent to the Elliott Bay/Harbor Island marine terminal facilities, is founded on the young Holocene deposits of the Duwamish River valley. The deposits of this Holocene delta have been shaped not only by relative sea-level rise but also by episodic volcanism and seismicity. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR), cores, in situ testing, and outcrops are being used to examine the delta stratigraphy and to infer how these deposits will respond to future volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in the region. A geotechnical investigation of these river-mouth deposits indicates high initial liquefaction susceptibility during earthquakes, and possibly the potential for unlimited-strain disintegrative flow failure of the delta front.

Kayen, Robert E.; Barnhardt, Walter A.

2007-01-01

212

Tuberculosis Outbreak in Marijuana Users, Seattle, Washington, 2004  

PubMed Central

Matching Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were noted among 11 young tuberculosis patients socially linked through illicit drug–related activities. A large proportion of their friends, 14 (64%) of 22, had positive tuberculin skin-test results. The behavior of "hotboxing" (smoking marijuana inside a closed car with friends to repeatedly inhale exhaled smoke) fueled transmission.

Oren, Eyal; Haddad, Maryam B.; Lake, Linda K.; Harrington, Theresa A.; Ijaz, Kashef; Narita, Masahiro

2006-01-01

213

Social Marketing and the "New" Technology: Proceedings of a Washington Roundtable (Washington, DC, March 25, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines some of the key issues raised during the second Washington Roundtable on Social Marketing, convened by the Academy for Educational Development (AED) in 1998. AED invited participants to examine whether the interactive technologies that are revolutionizing commercial marketing--personal computers, the Internet (especially the…

Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.

214

Alternative Fuels for Washington's School Buses: A Report to the Washington State Legislature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents findings of a study that evaluated the use of both propane and compressed natural gas as alternative fuels for Washington State school buses. It discusses air quality improvement actions by state- and federal-level regulators and summarizes vehicle design, development, and commercialization activities by all major engine,…

Lyons, John Kim; McCoy, Gilbert A.

215

Greenhouse gas mitigation options for Washington State  

SciTech Connect

President Clinton, in 1993, established a goal for the United States to return emissions of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. One effort established to help meet this goal was a three part Environmental Protection Agency state grant program. Washington State completed part one of this program with the release of the 1990 greenhouse gas emissions inventory and 2010 projected inventory. This document completes part two by detailing alternative greenhouse gas mitigation options. In part three of the program EPA, working in partnership with the States, may help fund innovative greenhouse gas reduction strategies. The greenhouse gas control options analyzed in this report have a wide range of greenhouse gas reductions, costs, and implementation requirements. In order to select and implement a prudent mix of control strategies, policy makers need to have some notion of the potential change in climate, the consequences of that change and the uncertainties contained therein. By understanding the risks of climate change, policy makers can better balance the use of scarce public resources for concerns that are immediate and present against those that affect future generations. Therefore, prior to analyzing alternative greenhouse gas control measures, this report briefly describes the phenomenon and uncertainties of global climate change, and then projects the likely consequences for Washington state.

Garcia, N.

1996-04-01

216

Hydrocarbon exploration in Western Oregon and Washington  

SciTech Connect

Continuing development of the Mist gas field and stepout discovery wells affirm the hydrocarbon prospectivity of western Oregon and Washington. Reservoir sandstones in the Mist area are in the Cowlitz Formation of middle to late Eocene age. Reservoir-quality sandstones have average porosities of 25% and average permeabilities of 200 md. The reservoir sands are wellsorted feldspathic-quartzose sandstones and are less susceptible to diagenetically formed pore-filling authigenic minerals than are the more lithic sandstones of other horizons and less well-sorted depositional environments. Potential hydrocarbon source rocks consist of marine shale to coaly facies. Organic matter is predominately terrestrially derived. Mist gas field pools are small and have variable gas types, suggesting to some workers that the gas is generated from rocks immediately adjacent to the reservoir. Gas wetness and delta/sup 13/C values indicate that gas from the Bruer, Flora, and Newton pools is probably thermally generated. Shales encasing the Mist gas field sandstone reservoirs are thermally immature, having vitrinite reflectance values less than 0.4%. Thermal gas most likely would have been generated downdip within nearby depocenters and migrated into the reservoir. The integration of paleogeographic models for mineralogic provenance, well-sorted sand accumulation, and thermal maturation within Cenozoic depocenters provides an exploration strategy for defining areas of highest hydrocarbon potential in western Oregon and Washington.

Armentrout, J.M.; Suek, D.H.

1985-04-01

217

Overview of Mount Washington Icing Sensors Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA, the FAA, the Department of Defense, the National Center for Atmospheric Research and NOAA are developing techniques for retrieving cloud microphysical properties from a variety of remote sensing technologies. The intent is to predict aircraft icing conditions ahead of aircraft. The Mount Washington Icing Sensors Project MWISP), conducted in April, 1999 at Mt. Washington, NH, was organized to evaluate technologies for the prediction of icing conditions ahead of aircraft in a natural environment, and to characterize icing cloud and drizzle environments. April was selected for operations because the Summit is typically in cloud, generally has frequent freezing precipitation in spring, and the clouds have high liquid water contents. Remote sensing equipment, consisting of radars, radiometers and a lidar, was placed at the base of the mountain, and probes measuring cloud particles, and a radiometer, were operated from the Summit. NASA s Twin Otter research aircraft also conducted six missions over the site. Operations spanned the entire month of April, which was dominated by wrap-around moisture from a low pressure center stalled off the coast of Labrador providing persistent upslope clouds with relatively high liquid water contents and mixed phase conditions. Preliminary assessments indicate excellent results from the lidar, radar polarimetry, radiosondes and summit and aircraft measurements.

Ryerson, Charles C.; Politovich, Marcia K.; Rancourt, Kenneth L.; Koenig, George G.; Reinking, Roger F.; Miller, Dean R.

2003-01-01

218

It's Not Really Over: Thurston County, Washington's Vegetation Management Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the establishment and results of a study committee asked to review existing pesticide policy, vegetation management programs and provide improvement recommendations in Thurston County, Washington. (MCO)

MacGregor, Jean

1992-01-01

219

Civil Rights Oral History Interviews: Spokane, Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there are numerous civil rights oral history projects, there are few organized around the remembrances and memories of persons from a particular geographic locale. This collection of eight oral history interviews, conducted by Rebecca Nappi, was created in part by the Washington State University Library in collaboration with the Spokane Spokesman-Review. Visitors to the site can listen to the eight interviews, which range from the experiences of Flip Schulke (a photographer working in the South during the 1960s) to the racial prejudice encountered by Emelda and Manuel Brown as they tried to raise a family in Spokane. In order to hone in on specific subject areas, a search engine allows users to search the interviews by keyword. This site will be of great interest to those interested in the history of civil rights in the United States, especially given the ability to hear the voices of those who were there during this tumultuous era.

220

Washington State Department of Natural Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're interested in learning about forest conservation, geology, wetland restoration, and myriad other topics in Washington, this site presents a wealth of material to pique your interest. Visitors can click on over to the About area to learn about the Department's mission, its various boards and councils, and the commissioner. Moving along, the Science & Environment area contains six different sections dealing with geology, conservation, forestry, and marine science. Each section contains information about long-term projects in the thematic area, along with How-Toââ¾ guides that answer commonly asked questions. Also, there is a range of publications within each area, including environmental impact reports and animal population studies. Finally, the site features a complete listing of Meetings & Events and a link to an in-house blog.

2013-01-15

221

Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) (Worley+ 1984)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0 (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (Jeffers et al., 1963), which is usually denoted as the IDS. The WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published through the end of 1983. The reader is reminded that the WDS is therefore not inclusive of all pairs which have been more casually noted, although it does, in fact, include some of them. Approximately 384000 individual means, representing over a million individual observations, form the basic material from which the WDS is constructed. Not included are a small amount of data because of unresolved questions concerning it. The WDS contains 73610 double stars, counting, as did the IDS, multiple components in the same system as separate pairs. (2 data files).

Worley, C. E.; Douglass, G. G.

1996-05-01

222

Washington Post: International Special Report:Iraq  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The site provided by the Washington Post offers the latest news, background documents and analysis of the standoff as a whole including several related issues. The current crisis with Iraq began on October 29, 1997 when Iraq declared it would expel American weapons inspectors working with the UN and shoot down American U-2 spy planes flying over the country. On Friday, November 14 American inspectors were told to leave Iraq and the UN pulled out most of the other inspectors as well. Over the weekend, both the US military presence in the region and Iraqi declarations of defiance increased. However, it now seems that progress is being made towards a diplomatic solution, with the US looking to Russia and France to convince Iraq to comply with the UN disarmament resolution.

223

A Successful Alternative to Traditional Education: Seattle Middle College High School at Seattle Central Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Middle College High School (MCHS) at Seattle (Washington) Central Community College, a public schools cooperative venture among the school system, community college, Seattle Housing Authority, and corporate sponsor. The MCHS enrolls students at risk of dropping out and boasts an impressive effort in retaining and educating these…

Houston, Alice V.; And Others

1992-01-01

224

The Washington National Cathedral: A Place to Gather Together  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Washington, D.C. is a city widely recognized for its monuments, memorials, and landmarks. Visitors are routinely drawn to the great sites that mark the nation's history such as the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Arlington National Cemetery, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Washington Memorial, among others. One site that is often overlooked is the…

Groce, Eric; Groce, Robin

2011-01-01

225

An Analysis of Wintertime Winds in Washington, D.C  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report consists of a description of the wintertime climatology of wind speed and wind direction around the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Meteorological data for this study were collected at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (Reagan National), Dulles International Airport (Dulles), and a set of surface meteorological stations that are located on a number of building tops around the

Larry K. Berg; K Jerry Allwine

2006-01-01

226

Passbands and Theoretical Colors for the Washington System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The passbands of the Washington system (C, M, T1, T2) have been checked through synthetic photometry of the Vilnius spectra and comparison of observed and synthetic color-color relations. Using the derived passbands, theoretical colors were computed using the grid of ATLAS no-overshoot models of Castelli. These can be used for calibration of the Washington system.

Bessell, Michael S.

2001-01-01

227

BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON SPATIAL DYNAMICS AND HUMAN IMPACTS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Baltimore-Washington Spatial Dynamics and Human Impacts data set is an integrated and flexible temporal urban land characteristics database for the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. The compilation of this data is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Surv...

228

Competency-Based Admissions Standards in Washington: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of the purpose and process of establishing competency-based standards for college admissions in the state of Washington. The state's Higher Education Coordinating Board is required by law to establish minimum requirements for admission to Washington's public baccalaureate institutes. The current policy, adopted…

Sherman, Jane C.; Scrima, Douglas P.

229

An acid rain study in the Washington, D. C. area  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study in the Washington, D.C. area explored the impact of urban emissions and mesoscale meteorology on precipitation chemistry. The study was a follow-up to an earlier, considerably more industrialized, study in the Philadelphia area; emissions along the Delaware Valley were found to affect the deposition of nitrate and sulfate on the urban mesoscale. The Washington studies were designed

A. A. N. Patrinos; M. J. Leach; R. M. Brown; R. L. Tanner; F. S. Binkowski

1989-01-01

230

30 CFR 947.700 - Washington Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...are applicable to surface coal mining operations in Washington which...been adopted under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act...regulations in this chapter. The full text of a rule is in the permanent...part apply to all surface coal mining operations in Washington...

2013-07-01

231

30 CFR 947.700 - Washington Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are applicable to surface coal mining operations in Washington which...been adopted under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act...regulations in this chapter. The full text of a rule is in the permanent...part apply to all surface coal mining operations in Washington...

2009-07-01

232

30 CFR 947.700 - Washington Federal program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are applicable to surface coal mining operations in Washington which...been adopted under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act...regulations in this chapter. The full text of a rule is in the permanent...part apply to all surface coal mining operations in Washington...

2010-07-01

233

Educator Supply and Demand in Washington State. 2004 Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the findings of the third Educator Supply and Demand Research study in the State of Washington. The intent of these Washington studies is to provide data to inform and shape decisions and activities in the following ways: (1) Provide useful information for educational policymakers, including the legislature, the State Board…

Lashway, Larry; Maloney, Rick; Hathaway, Randy; Bryant, B. J.

2005-01-01

234

Population trajectory of burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia) in eastern Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Anecdotal evidence suggests that burrowing owls have declined in Washington. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is currently conducting a status review for burrowing owls which will help determine whether they should be listed as threatened or endangered in the state. To provide insights into the current status of burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia), we analyzed data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey using two analytical approaches to determine their current population trajectory in eastern Washington. We used a one-sample t-test to examine whether trend estimates across all BBS routes in Washington differed from zero. We also used a mixed model analysis to estimate the rate of decline in number of burrowing owls detected between 1968 and 2005. The slope in number of burrowing owls detected was negative for 12 of the 16 BBS routes in Washington that have detected burrowing owls. Numbers of breeding burrowing owls detected in eastern Washington declined at a rate of 1.5% annually. We suggest that all BBS routes that have detected burrowing owls in past years in eastern Washington be surveyed annually and additional surveys conducted to track population trends of burrowing owls at finer spatial scales in eastern Washington. In the meantime, land management and regulatory agencies should ensure that publicly managed areas with breeding burrowing owls are not degraded and should implement education and outreach programs to promote protection of privately owned areas with breeding owls.

Conway, C. J.; Pardieck, K.L.

2006-01-01

235

Population Trajectory of Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) in Eastern Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anecdotal evidence suggests that burrowing owls have declined in Washington. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is currently conducting a status review for burrowing owls which will help determine whether they should be listed as threatened or endangered in the state. To provide insights into the current status of burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia) , we analyzed data from the

Courtney J. Conway; USGS Arizona; Keith L. Pardieck

2006-01-01

236

75 FR 71139 - Land Acquisitions; Puyallup Tribe of Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...M., in Pierce County, Washington, lying Northerly of Primary State Highway No...M., in Pierce County, Washington, lying South of the South line of Pacific Highway...20 North, Range 4 East of the W.M., lying South of the South line of Pacific...

2010-11-22

237

Evaluation of Early Intervention in Washington State: Options and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes options for study designs to evaluate the effect of early intervention on infants and toddlers, birth to three, with disabilities or developmental delays and their families in Washington state. Information was gathered from extensive literature reviews, a survey of local assessment efforts in Washington, a technical data…

Campbell, Janet; Cawthon, Laurie; Keenan, Trisha; Lyons, Dorothy; Schrager, Laura

238

33 CFR 110.228 - Columbia River, Oregon and Washington.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Columbia River, Oregon and Washington. 110.228...Anchorage Grounds § 110.228 Columbia River, Oregon and Washington. (a) Anchorage...Anchorage. The waters of the Columbia River bounded by a line connecting the...

2013-07-01

239

Washington State Board of Education Strategic Plan, 2010-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the Washington State Legislature significantly changed the role of the State Board of Education (SBE). While the Board retains some administrative duties, SBE is now mandated to play a broad leadership role in strategic oversight and policy for K-12 education in the state. This paper presents the strategic plan of Washington State Board…

Washington State Board of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

240

Expanding Access and Opportunity: The Washington State Achievers Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation launched the multi-year, multi-million dollar Washington State Achievers Scholarship program. Concerned about disparities in college participation for low-income students in the state of Washington versus their wealthier peers, the Gates Foundation partnered with the College Success Foundation (CSF),…

O'Brien, Colleen

2011-01-01

241

Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington: 2009-10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First published in 2002, "Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington" provides valuable information on the ways higher education serves the state and its people. The most current data and information available is presented throughout this report to highlight the "Key Facts" about Washington's postsecondary…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2010

2010-01-01

242

Prevalence and restrictiveness of smoking policies in King County, Washington, manufacturing worksites.  

PubMed Central

This study examined prevalence of smoking policies and of significant smoking restrictions in a 1988 random sample of 1,528 manufacturing companies in the Seattle, Washington area, and related these characteristics to worksite size and industry type. Sixty-nine percent of companies had formal smoking policies and 85 percent regulated smoking to some degree. Workforce size was directly related to prevalence of significant smoking restrictions, but when type of industry was controlled, the linear trend in the size/prevalence relationship was sustained in only three of the 18 industry groupings.

Kinne, S

1990-01-01

243

77 FR 4276 - Eastern Washington Cascades Provincial Advisory Committee and the Yakima Provincial Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Headquarters Office, 215 Melody Lane, Wenatchee, WA. During this meeting information will be shared about Washington State Discover Pass, wolf management in Washington State and Forest Plan Revision update and public response. All Eastern Washington...

2012-01-27

244

78 FR 57073 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Washington: Puget Sound Clean Air Agency...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SIP) submitted by the Washington State Department of Ecology on February 4, 2005 and August 2, 2006. The submissions...the Director of the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) submitted revisions to the Washington SIP to...

2013-09-17

245

10. SOUTHWEST SIDE OF BRIDGE LOOKING NORTHEAST TOWARD WASHINGTON D.C. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. SOUTHWEST SIDE OF BRIDGE LOOKING NORTHEAST TOWARD WASHINGTON D.C. FROM BOUNDARY CHANNEL. WASHINGTON MONUMENT IN BACKGROUND. - Boundary Channel Bridge, Spanning Boundary Channel, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

246

77 FR 48535 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission...SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission...human remains may contact the Washington State Parks and Recreation...

2012-08-14

247

75 FR 23798 - Boundary Revision at George Washington Carver National Monument  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Boundary Revision at George Washington Carver National Monument AGENCY...revision of the boundary of George Washington Carver National Monument, Newton...Heaney, Superintendent, George Washington Carver National Monument,...

2010-05-04

248

The Great Seattle Fire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It seems that many acts of destruction (human or otherwise) seem to acquire the seemingly inappropriate prefix of âÂÂgreatâÂÂ, and the tremendous fire that swept through Seattle on June 6, 1889 is no exception. Like the fires that consumed other cities such as Chicago and London, the Great Seattle Fire was the cumulative product of a number of factors working in the favor of such an incendiary blaze. The summer in Seattle had been a rather dry one when a glue pot boiled over in Victor ClairmontâÂÂs woodworking shop in downtown Seattle that fateful afternoon. The fires spread quickly, SeattleâÂÂs water supply was more than problematic, and some 15 hours later, 25 city blocks had been completely destroyed. Out of this tragedy came a drive to rebuild, and Seattle went on to become the most successful metropolis in the Pacific Northwest. The photographic documentation of the aftermath of this event is offered here online in a lovely collection created by the University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections initiative. Here visitors can browse through a number of collections that contain images from the likes of photographers William F. Boyd and Ashael Curtis. The Prosch Seattle View collection is definitely worth a look, as it contains 26 rather dramatic views of the urban landscape during this tumultuous time.

249

Biological Opinion: State Route 410, White River Chronic Environmental Deficiency (MP 414-42.0), Pierce and King County, Washington. Endangered Species Act - Section 7 Consultation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), Seattle District, propose to raise a 0.5 mile (mi) segment of State Route (SR) 410 and construct a series of six engineered log jams (ELJs) and groins alon...

2010-01-01

250

GLACIER PEAK WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, WASHINGTON.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geologic, geochemical, gravity, aeromagnetic, and mine and prospect surveys were conducted to evaluate the mineral-resource potential of the Glacier Peak Wilderness study area and proposed additions in Washington. In the study area, six areas containing several base and precious metals have been identified that have substantiated mineral-resource potential, two of which are in areas recommended for wilderness addition. An additional 10 areas have probable mineral-resource potential. The most important demonstrated resource identified is the porphyry copper-molybdenum deposit at Glacier Peak mine near the center of the wilderness study area, where a deposit totaling 1. 9 billion tons of mineralized rock has been delineated by drilling. A possible geothermal potential exists on the east side of the Glacier Peak volcano, and a possible 24-million-cu-yd cinder resource is identified at the White Chuck Cinder Cone in the wilderness study area, but both are remote and no resources were identified. No other energy resource potential was identified in this study.

Church, S. E.; Stotelmeyer, R. B.

1984-01-01

251

Natural phenomena analyses, Hanford Site, Washington  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site has been the subject of numerous natural hazard studies. These studies have supported the siting and construction of nuclear reactors, the siting and characterization of a potential high-level nuclear waste repository, the routine operation of process facilities, and waste management. The natural hazard models resulting from these studies are compared to the models promulgated by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for use in the design and evaluation guidelines for US Department of Energy facilities. Probabailistic seismic hazard studies completed for the Washington Public Power Supply System's Nuclear Plant 2 and for the US Department of Energy's N Reactor sites, both on the Hanford Site, suggested that the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory seismic exposure estimates were lower than appropriate, especially for sites near potential seismic sources. A probabilistic seismic hazard assessment was completed for those areas that contain process and/or waste management facilities. The lower bound magnitude of 5.0 is used in the hazard analysis and the characteristics of small-magnitude earthquakes relatively common to the Hanford Site are addressed. 24 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Tallman, A.M.

1989-09-01

252

Presidential Symposia and Events: Washington, DC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACS President Thomas H. Lane has designated two presidential events (both organized by Sadiq Shah, Associate Vice President, Office of Research and Economic Development, Western Kentucky University) at the Washington, DC meeting to highlight the theme: "Chemistry and Global Security: Challenges and Opportunities". The location and the timing of the meeting give ACS a unique opportunity to address questions related to chemistry and global security. The location will facilitate access to the funding agencies that can present the global security challenges and opportunities to be addressed over the next decade or so, as well as to a new administration that will be looking for ideas and a dialogue with the scientific community to set an agenda for the next four years or more. Most importantly, this is a unique opportunity for the ACS divisional program planning leadership to showcase the creative solutions of chemistry by creating programming that addresses these themes. This broad theme allows chemists from all specialties to participate by assembling innovative symposia that they feel best showcase their efforts.

Walworth, Frank

2009-08-01

253

Development of LIGO: A View From Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

LIGO is an audacious project attempting both to confirm the essence of dynamical gravitation, and to harness gravitational waves as a new probe of the cosmos. Achieving its already-demonstrated sensitivity required many technologies to advance many orders of magnitude beyond the state of the art before its initiation. The development of LIGO transformed Gravitational Physics from a small-scale individual-investigator effort into a major new international Big Science collaboration. For three decades, the participant community experienced all the struggle and pain that normally accompanies such a transition. It has been a high-risk, high-reward gamble, always full of high promise that has yet to pay off. This talk will explore the development of LIGO as seen from the perspective of its patron in Washington. Construction of this new facility required a 100-fold expansion of the annual budget for research in this subfield. In the face of this challenge and opportunity, the U.S. Government invested scarce research funds with vision and patience, and managed a very long-term, new, risky, and expensive investment with some wisdom.

Isaacson, Richard

2007-04-01

254

Washington in `97: Positive energy moves expected  

SciTech Connect

After the stormy closing weeks of the 1996 electrons, when the fog finally lifted, a strong indication of the direction American politics is taking emerged. It is still moving clearly to the right. Donald Lambro, chief political correspondent of The Washington Times, put it this way, ``Contemporary liberalism may not be dead and buried yet, but it remains comatose and continues to wither away--without a clear and relevant agenda, without a credible champion, and without a majority party. Meanwhile, the Congress that will be sworn in next January will be one of the most conservative in decades.`` Why that will likely bode well for the US oil and gas industry is the theme of the following discussion. Outlined therein are: some thoughts on why Clinton won; a wrapup of key seats and committee members of the 105th Congress; news of a bipartisan forum for the oil/gas industry; improved outlook for movement on the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR); progress on the national public education program; and a list of industry`s challenges for the next few years.

Matthews, C.D. [Charles Matthews and Co., Arlington, VA (United States)

1997-02-01

255

THE SETTLERS PHOTOGRAPHIC COLLECTION 1894 - 1945 & THE DUPONT PHOTOGRAPHIC COLLECTION 1943 - 1945 BRINGING HISTORY TO LIFE IN SOUTH CENTRAL WASHINGTON  

SciTech Connect

Washington is called the 'Evergreen State' and it evokes images like this of lush forests, lakes and mountains. However, such images apply primarily to the half of the state west of the Cascade Mountains, where we are today. Eastern Washington state is quite a different matter and I want to draw your attention to a portion of Eastern Washington that is the focus ofmy presentation to you this morning. This image was taken on a part of the Department of Energy's Hanford Site, a 586-square mile government reservation, the second largest DOE facility in the nation . Here you can see where I am talking about, roughly 220 miles southeast of Seattle and about the same distance northeast of Portland.

SHULTZ CR (KIT) PH.D.

2009-07-13

256

Prehistoric Earthquakes in the Puget Lowland, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coastal marsh deposits and lidar topographic data show evidence for past earthquakes on at least seven fault zones in the Puget lowland. Three major fault zones, the Seattle fault zone, Tacoma fault, and the Southern Whidbey Island fault zone (SWIFZ), cut through the heavily populated portions of central Puget Sound. Faults in four other areas, namely the Darrington-Devils Mountain fault

B. L. Sherrod

2005-01-01

257

George and Martha Washington: Portraits from the Presidential Years  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thanks to Web technology, visitors can take in all three of these small, geographically distant exhibitions, sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and its affiliates, in less than an afternoon. The first exhibit, mounted by the National Portrait Gallery in Washington D.C., includes a dozen portraits of George and Martha Washington, painted during the eight years that Washington served as first President of the United States. View all twelve as a page of thumbnails or browse the larger images and their lengthy captions.

258

Seattle Cleans Up  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the damage from Wednesday's earthquake has been estimated at $2 billion, many in Seattle and western Washington feel rather lucky. The 6.8-magnitude quake has been linked to only one death (a heart attack), and the physical damage could have been considerably worse. Experts attribute the relatively moderate damage to the fact that the quake began 30 miles underground and to the retrofit measures taken since the mid-1980s to brace area roads, bridges, and buildings. Still, a number of counties in western Washington have been declared federal disaster areas making available federal funds and loans for uninsured losses, emergency housing, and to repair public facilities. While some people remain hospitalized, for the most part Seattle has returned to daily business, with most schools and highways open. The clean-up and repairs, however, will likely take several weeks.

De Nie, Michael W.

2001-01-01

259

Circulation exchange patterns in Sinclair Inlet, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1994, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Navy, deployed three sets of moorings in Sinclair Inlet, which is a relatively small embayment on the western side of Puget Sound (fig. 1). This inlet is home to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. One purpose of the measurement program was to determine the transport pathways and fate of contaminants known to be present in Sinclair Inlet. Extensive descriptions of the program and the resultant information about contaminant pathways have been reported in Gartner and others (1998). This report primarily focused on the bottom boundary layer and the potential for resuspension and transport of sediments on the seabed in Sinclair Inlet as a result of tides and waves. Recently (2013), interest in transport pathways for suspended and dissolved materials in Sinclair Inlet has been rekindled. In particular, the USGS scientists in Washington and California have been asked to reexamine the datasets collected in the earlier study to refine not only our understanding of transport pathways through the inlet, but to determine how those transport pathways are affected by subtidal currents, local wind stress, and fresh water inputs. Because the prior study focused on the bottom boundary layer and not the water column, a reanalysis of the datasets could increase our understanding of the dynamic forces that drive transport within and through the inlet. However, the early datasets are limited in scope and a comprehensive understanding of these transport processes may require more extensive datasets or the development of a detailed numerical model of transport processes for the inlet, or both.

Noble, Marlene A.; Rosenberger, Kurt J.; Paulson, Anthony J.; Gartner, Anne L.

2013-01-01

260

1. West Street & High Street Bridges. Westerly, Washington Co., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. West Street & High Street Bridges. Westerly, Washington Co., RI. sec. 4215, mp 141.67/.77. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between CT & MA state lines, Providence, Providence County, RI

261

Complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map, Cascade Mountains, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the Cascade Mountains is presented. The map includes a large area of South Central Washington State. Information contained in the legend includes bouguer reduction density, potsdam correction, and terrain corrections.

Z. F. Danes; W. M. Phillips

1983-01-01

262

Washington County, Kansas Pipe and Steel Company Feasibility Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this analysis is to determine the overall feasibility of establishing a retail steel product supply operation in Washington County, Kansas. Physical expansion costs, financing of the physical expansion, opportunities for reducing operatin...

1981-01-01

263

BENTHIC MACROFAUNA-HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS IN WILLAPA BAY, WASHINGTON, USA  

EPA Science Inventory

Estuary-wide benthic macrofauna-habitat associations in Willapa Bay, Washington, United States, were determined for 4 habitats (eelgrass [Zostera marina], Atlantic cordgrass [Spartina alterniflora], mud shrimp [Upogebia pugettensis], ghost shrimp [Neotrypaea californiensis]) in 1...

264

Monsanto Gives Washington U. $23.5 Million.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews various provisions of a five-year, $23.5-million research agreement between Washington University and the Monsanto Company. The scientific focus of this venture will be on proteins and peptides which modify cellular behavior. (SK)

Culliton, Barbara J.

1982-01-01

265

Public Health Assessment for Northport Area, Northport. Stevens County, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1995, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) was petitioned to prepare a public health assessment (PHA) to address reported health concerns in Northport, Washington. The health concerns reported included inflammatory bowel disease...

2004-01-01

266

COMMUNITY AND URBAN FORESTRY IN WASHINGTON AND OREGON1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal and state government involvement in community and urban forestry in Washington and Oregon plays a key role in initiating urban forestry programs. An analysis of case studies throughout the area reveals that even without all the components of the \\

N. Robin Morgan

1989-01-01

267

Scientific Summary of Ocean Acidification in Washington State Marine Waters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estuarine and coastal waters of Washington State provide important resources and services for supporting and sustaining the lives and culture of its population, including food, recreation, nutrient cycling, and moderating climate, all of which contrib...

2012-01-01

268

All-Electric School Profile: Washington Elementary Educational Park  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing elementary schools in Washington, Pennsylvania, were replaced by an educational park with two two-story buildings. A heat recovery system and an additional thickness of insulation conserve energy. (MLF)

Modern Schools, 1977

1977-01-01

269

Washington Metropolitan Area Water Supply Study Report. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of feasible alternative solutions to the Washington Metropolitan Area (WMA) water supply problems. It is primarily concerned with the identification of water supply needs and regional management programs that ...

1975-01-01

270

Stennis Space Center goes to Washington Folklife Festival  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A visitor to the Smithsonian Folklife Festival in Washington, D.C., examines a space shuttle main engine display provided by Stennis Space Center. Since 1975, Stennis has been responsible for testing every engine used in NASA's Space Shuttle Program.

2008-01-01

271

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial, Washington, DC. Environmental Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Park Service (NPS) and the Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation, Inc. (Foundation) have proposed to establish and operate a national memorial to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on an approved site in Washing...

2005-01-01

272

11. OVERALL VIEW OF 800 AND 900 BLOCKS OF WASHINGTON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. OVERALL VIEW OF 800 AND 900 BLOCKS OF WASHINGTON STREET, WITH KRETSCHMER MANUFACTURING COMPANY FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE IN LEFT FOREGROUND AND KLAUER MANUFACTURING COMPANY FACTORY IN RIGHT FOREGROUND. VIEW TO NORTH. - Dubuque Commercial & Industrial Buildings, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA

273

Washington Mill Survey 1968: Wood Consumption and Mill Characteristics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document presents the findings of a survey of wood consumption by Washington's primary wood processing industries for the year 1968 and differs from earlier surveys in that it includes information on the charcteristics of the processing facilities. (A...

J. A. Bergvall D. R. Gedney

1970-01-01

274

Volcanic hazards at Mount Rainier, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Mount Rainier is a large stratovolcano of andesitic rock in the Cascade Range of western Washington. Although the volcano as it now stands was almost completely formed before the last major glaciation, geologic formations record a variety of events that have occurred at the volcano in postglacial time. Repetition of some of these events today without warning would result in property damage and loss of life on a catastrophic scale. It is appropriate, therefore, to examine the extent, frequency, and apparent origin of these phenomena and to attempt to predict the effects on man of similar events in the future. The present report was prompted by a contrast that we noted during a study of surficial geologic deposits in Mount Rainier National Park, between the present tranquil landscape adjacent to the volcano and the violent events that shaped parts of that same landscape in the recent past. Natural catastrophes that have geologic causes - such as eruptions, landslides, earthquakes, and floods - all too often are disastrous primarily because man has not understood and made allowance for the geologic environment he occupies. Assessment of the potential hazards of a volcanic environment is especially difficult, for prediction of the time and kind of volcanic activity is still an imperfect art, even at active volcanoes whose behavior has been closely observed for many years. Qualified predictions, however, can be used to plan ways in which hazards to life and property can be minimized. The prediction of eruptions is handicapped because volcanism results from conditions far beneath the surface of the earth, where the causative factors cannot be seen and, for the most part, cannot be measured. Consequently, long-range predictions at Mount Rainier can be based only on the past behavior of the volcano, as revealed by study of the deposits that resulted from previous eruptions. Predictions of this sort, of course, cannot be specific as to time and locale of future events, and clearly are valid only if the past behavior is, as we believe, a reliable guide. The purpose of this report is to infer the events recorded by certain postglacial deposits at Mount Rainier and to suggest what bearing similar events in the future might have on land use within and near the park. In addition, table 2 (page 22) gives possible warning signs of an impending eruption. We want to increase man's understanding of a possibly hazardous geologic environment around Mount Rainier volcano, yet we do not wish to imply for certain that the hazards described are either immediate or inevitable. However, we do believe that hazards exist, that some caution is warranted, and that some major hazards can be avoided by judicious planning. Most of the events with which we are concerned are sporadic phenomena that have resulted directly or indirectly from volcanic eruptions. Although no eruptions (other than steam emission) of the volcano in historic time are unequivocally known (Hopson and others, 1962), pyroclastic (air-laid) deposits of pumice and rock debris attest to repeated, widely spaced eruptions during the 10,000 years or so of postglacial time. In addition, the constituents of some debris flows indicate an origin during eruptions of molten rock; other debris flows, because of their large size and constituents, are believed to have been caused by steam explosions. Some debris flows, however, are not related to volcanism at all.

Crandell, Dwight Raymond; Mullineaux, Donal Ray

1967-01-01

275

Hydrogeology and history of Washington, D.C.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For Washington, D.C., inhabitants or anyone planning a trip to the area, interesting information on the hydrology, geology, and natural and cultural history is available.To provide geographic and historical background for field trips in the area, a book was published for the 28th International Geological Congress, held in Washington in July 1989. Geology, Hydrology, and History of the Washington, D.C. Area, edited by John E. Moore of the U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Va., and Julia A. Jackson of the American Geological Institute, Alexandria, Va., describes such interesting items as the Washington Canal, which ran from the Potomac River to the Capitol and is now Constitution Avenue, and the Cabin John Aqueduct, where a 297-foot granite arch was the longest masonry arch in the world for 40 years. The aqueduct has carried water to Washington since 1863. The 114-page book contains many historic photographs and maps and can be purchased from the American Geological Institute, 4220 King Street, Alexandria, VA 22302-1507, tel. 703-379-2480.

276

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

2010-11-01

277

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

2012-11-01

278

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

2009-10-01

279

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

2011-11-01

280

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

2013-11-01

281

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2014)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

2014-02-01

282

Space Radar Image of Mt. Rainer, Washington  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a radar image of Mount Rainier in Washington state. The volcano last erupted about 150 years ago and numerous large floods and debris flows have originated on its slopes during the last century. Today the volcano is heavily mantled with glaciers and snowfields. More than 100,000 people live on young volcanic mudflows less than 10,000 years old and, consequently, are within the range of future, devastating mudslides. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C and X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on its 20th orbit on October 1, 1994. The area shown in the image is approximately 59 kilometers by 60 kilometers (36.5 miles by 37 miles). North is toward the top left of the image, which was composed by assigning red and green colors to the L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically, and the L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. Blue indicates the C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. In addition to highlighting topographic slopes facing the space shuttle, SIR-C records rugged areas as brighter and smooth areas as darker. The scene was illuminated by the shuttle's radar from the northwest so that northwest-facing slopes are brighter and southeast-facing slopes are dark. Forested regions are pale green in color; clear cuts and bare ground are bluish or purple; ice is dark green and white. The round cone at the center of the image is the 14,435-foot (4,399-meter) active volcano, Mount Rainier. On the lower slopes is a zone of rock ridges and rubble (purple to reddish) above coniferous forests (in yellow/green). The western boundary of Mount Rainier National Park is seen as a transition from protected, old-growth forest to heavily logged private land, a mosaic of recent clear cuts (bright purple/blue) and partially regrown timber plantations (pale blue). The prominent river seen curving away from the mountain at the top of the image (to the northwest) is the White River, and the river leaving the mountain at the bottom right of the image (south) is the Nisqually River, which flows out of the Nisqually glacier on the mountain. The river leaving to the left of the mountain is the Carbon River, leading west and north toward heavily populated regions near Tacoma. The dark patch at the top right of the image is Bumping Lake. Other dark areas seen to the right of ridges throughout the image are radar shadow zones. Radar images can be used to study the volcanic structure and the surrounding regions with linear rock boundaries and faults. In addition, the recovery of forested lands from natural disasters and the success of reforestation programs can also be monitored. Ultimately this data may be used to study the advance and retreat of glaciers and other forces of global change. Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C and X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. The radars illuminate Earth with microwaves, allowing detailed observations at any time, regardless of weather or sunlight conditions. SIR-C/X-SAR uses three microwave wavelengths: the L-band (24 cm), the C-band (6 cm) and the X-band (3 cm). The multi-frequency data will be used by the international scientific community to better understand the global environment and how it is changing. The SIR-C/X-SAR data, complemented by aircraft and ground studies, will give scientists clearer insights into those environmental changes which are caused by nature and those changes which are induced by human activity. SIR-C was developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. X-SAR was developed by the Dornier and Alenia Spazio companies for the German space agency, Deutsche Agentur fuer Raumfahrtangelegenheiten (DARA), and the Italian space agency, Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI), with the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft und Raumfahrt e.v.(DLR), the major partner in science, operations and data processing of X-SAR.

1994-01-01

283

Science in the New Millennium: Where Is Washington Headed?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After more than five years of declining federal science budgets, Washington turned the corner in Fiscal Year 1998. In February, the President released his budget request for Fiscal Year 2001, with extraordinary increases for science. Politicians in both parties are now waxing eloquent about R&D. How much of it is real, and how much, simply political rhetoric? If the story has legs, how long will it survive? And how did the epiphany occur? We'll take a look behind the scenes at how Washington functions and use our scientific crystal ball to predict the future. Hold your bets until you get the inside line.

Lubell, Michael S.

2000-04-01

284

Innovate Washington Group Looks to Create State Business  

SciTech Connect

Monthly column for TCH - April 2012. Excerpt here: Change is inevitable. In fact, many say it’s the only constant. One can either wait for the waves to hit and try not to drown, or get ahead of them and maximize the ride. I believe being proactive is the harder, but more powerful option. Over the past couple years numerous people have proactively worked to effect a particular change across the state of Washington: create a thriving ecosystem to accelerate technology-based economic development and achieve sustainable job growth. The result is an organization called Innovate Washington.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-04-11

285

Many Paths, Many Voices: Oral Histories from the University of Washington Special Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gary Greaves was a researcher who interviewed hundreds of people around Seattle in the late 1980s and 1990s. He went around the city and talked to the homeless, citizen activists, and many others. Regrettably, he passed away in 2009 before he could compile all of these observations into the book he was working on. This digital collection from the University of Washington Special Collections department brings together many of these interviews. First-time visitors can read a news article on his work from the UW Today newspaper before starting their exploration through the site. It's quite a trove and includes observations from politicians Cheryl Chow and Paul Schell, along with community activists such as Aaron Dixon, the founder of the local Black Panthers chapter.

Greaves, Gary

286

Real-time monitoring of bluff stability at Woodway, Washington, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On January 15, 1997, a landslide of approximately 100,000-m3 from a coastal bluff swept five cars of a freight train into Puget Sound at Woodway, Washington, USA, 25 km north of downtown Seattle. The landslide resulted from failure of a sequence of dense sands and hard silts of glacial and non-glacial origin, including the Lawton Clay, a hard, jointed clayey silt that rarely fails in natural slopes. Joints controlled ground-water seepage through the silt and break-up of the landslide mass. During September of 1997, the US Geological Survey began measuring rainfall, ground-water pressures, and slope movement at the bluff where the landslide occurred. Data are collected every 15 minutes and updated hourly on the World-Wide-Web. Pore pressures observed from September 1997 to February 1998 generally were low and pressures near the bluff face, in the upper few meters of the hard clayey silt, increased gradually.

Baum, R. L.; Harp, E. L.; Likos, W. J.; Powers, P. S.; Lahusen, R. G.

1998-01-01

287

Eelgrass (Zostera marina L. ) transplant monitoring in Grays Harbor, Washington, after 29 months  

SciTech Connect

In 1992, the US Army Corps of Engineers-Seattle District, placed oyster shell on tidal flats to mitigate for Dungeness crab mortalities caused by dredging in Grays Harbor, Washington, in 1990. Shell placement damaged isolated patches of eelgrass. To help assess the potential for the recovery of eelgrass in plots that may have been significantly affected, eelgrass transplanting experiments were initiated in 1990. Eelgrass was transplanted into 16 ponded areas that were created by the uneven placement of the shell. Transplanting was carried out in spring 1990, and sampling of the survival of the transplants was conducted in August of 1990 and 1991. Quantitative samples collected August 1992 indicated that transplanted eelgrass increased significantly in terms of shoot abundance since transplantation. The variation and rate of increase in shoot abundance among transplant plots can be partially explained by desiccation stress, with deeper ponds showing enhanced growth rate and plant size.

Thom, R.M.

1993-01-01

288

Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) transplant monitoring in Grays Harbor, Washington, after 29 months  

SciTech Connect

In 1992, the US Army Corps of Engineers-Seattle District, placed oyster shell on tidal flats to mitigate for Dungeness crab mortalities caused by dredging in Grays Harbor, Washington, in 1990. Shell placement damaged isolated patches of eelgrass. To help assess the potential for the recovery of eelgrass in plots that may have been significantly affected, eelgrass transplanting experiments were initiated in 1990. Eelgrass was transplanted into 16 ponded areas that were created by the uneven placement of the shell. Transplanting was carried out in spring 1990, and sampling of the survival of the transplants was conducted in August of 1990 and 1991. Quantitative samples collected August 1992 indicated that transplanted eelgrass increased significantly in terms of shoot abundance since transplantation. The variation and rate of increase in shoot abundance among transplant plots can be partially explained by desiccation stress, with deeper ponds showing enhanced growth rate and plant size.

Thom, R.M.

1993-01-01

289

Seattle Sawdust: Bits and Pieces  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you enjoy the Pacific Northwest, you have probably encountered many tales of Seattle's storied past. It is, after all, known in some parts as the "Emerald City," and is full of tales of its rough-and-tumble Skid Row, pioneer settlers from Scandinavia, and a whole host of intriguing characters. This particular website from the Seattle Public Library offers a cornucopia of ephemera related to the city's history. As the site notes, "This collection presents some of Seattle's historical 'sawdust'--unique and interesting materials." Many of these documents have not been widely accessible for many years, a situation this archive remedies. There are 25 items here, including "A Survey of Comic Books in the State of Washington: A Report Made to the Washington State Council for Children and Youth" and a fascinating document on regrading projects in Seattle titled "How Seattle Changed Its Face." Visitors can search all of the texts and browse at their leisure; those interested in urban planning and the like will probably end up whiling away a few hours enjoying these unique items. [KMG

290

Booker T. Washington's Audacious Vocationalist Philosophy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Booker T. Washington was born a slave in the American South, rising remarkably in the period after slavery to become a leader of his race. His advocacy of appeasement with the Southern white establishment incurred the ire of his black peers, given the withdrawal of the franchise from ex-slaves in southern states after a brief period of positive…

Lewis, Theodore

2014-01-01

291

Washington State Asian Pacific American Organizations Resources Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource directory was prepared to assist educators, the media, government officials, students, and the general public in locating accurate and up-to-date information about Asian Pacific Americans (APAs) in Washington State. It was also prepared to help APAs find the services that are available to them throughout the state. This guide lists…

Washington State Commission on Asian-American Affairs, Olympia.

292

47. ALLEY ON 800 BLOCK BETWEEN JACKSON AND WASHINGTON STREETS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

47. ALLEY ON 800 BLOCK BETWEEN JACKSON AND WASHINGTON STREETS, WITH WIENEKE-HOERR COMPANY FACTORY IN LEFT FOREGROUND, KRETSCHMER MANUFACTURING COMPANY FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE IN RIGHT FOREGROUND AND CARR, RYDER AND ADAMS COMPANY FACTORY IN CENTER BACKGROUND. VIEW TO NORTH. - Dubuque Commercial & Industrial Buildings, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA

293

PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF MULTIPHASE RESTORATION EFFORTS AT LIBERTY LAKE, WASHINGTON  

EPA Science Inventory

Liberty Lake is a 288 ha body of water located in Eastern Washington. In 1974 an alum treatment of the lake, aimed at late summer and fall release of phosphorus, successfully demonstrated the need to control internal cycling of nutrients (especially phosphorus) as well as surface...

294

Cancer Control Research among Cambodian Americans in Washington  

PubMed Central

Purpose We summarized previous and ongoing cancer control research among Cambodian immigrants in Washington. Methods A literature review of articles and published abstracts was conducted. Findings Cambodian Americans have a limited understanding of Western biomedical concepts, and low levels of cancer screening participation. Conclusions Culturally appropriate cancer control interventions for Cambodian Americans should be developed, implemented, and evaluated.

Taylor, Victoria M.; Jackson, J. Carey; Tu, Shin-Ping

2006-01-01

295

Visual image repositories at the Washington State University Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Civilizations Image Repository (WCIR) and Photos Online are two collaborative image database projects under way at the Washington State University (WSU) Libraries. These projects demonstrate how the WSU Libraries have employed OCLC\\/DiMeMa's (Digital Media Management) CONTENTdm in partnership with other University departments to develop visual collections free from copyright restrictions, as well as to manage “born digital” images

Trevor J. Bond

2004-01-01

296

Tectonic deformation in western Washington from continuous GPS measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of 3 years of continuous data from 7 permanent GPS stations along the western Washington section of the Cascadia Subduction Zone indicates that the direction of the observed horizontal velocities (with respect to station DRAO, nominally representing the stable North American continent) is roughly parallel to the relative plate convergence direction of the Juan de Fuca and North

Giorgi Khazaradze; Anthony Qamar; Herb Dragert

1999-01-01

297

Behavior of sea otters in Washington and California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These are databases on the population biology of the respective populations. They include data on movements, reproduction, foraging, and behavior. Data were obtained using known individuals either tagged, radio instrumented or both. California project ended in 1994. Washington work is ongoing. These data sets are located in Corvallis.

Jameson, R. J.

2000-01-01

298

Standard Giant Branches in the Washington Photometric System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We have obtained CCD photometry in the Washington system C, T(sub 1) filters for some 850,000 objects associated with 10 Galactic globular clusters and 2 old open clusters. These clusters have well-known metal abundances, spanning a metallicity range of 2...

D. Geisler A. Sarajedini

1998-01-01

299

A Better Windmill: Teacher Education at the University of Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many ways, the changing history of the Dutch windmills reminds the author of the many teacher education programs she has worked with and, in particular, the one she now works with at the University of Washington. To those who are unfamiliar with the inner workings of teacher education, programs that prepare teachers probably appear much as they…

Wasley, Patricia A.

2004-01-01

300

Washington State Vocational Education Annual Performance Report. Program Year 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This performance report for program year 1994 outlines the accomplishments and benefits to individuals in Washington State as a result of programs funded by the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act of 1990, PL 101-392. The report records enrollment information, projects conducted, accomplishments, and future needs for…

Washington State Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board, Olympia.

301

Status and Nesting of Ferruginous Hawks (Buteo Regalis) in Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nesting of ferruginous hawks in Washington is confined to the shrubsteppe region in the eastern part of the state. The birds nest in two entirely different situations, either on outcroppings of basalt on the slopes of hillsides and canyons, or on the cano...

R. E. Fitzner, L. L. Boyd, D. Berry, C. Rieck

1975-01-01

302

ECOREGION BIOASSESSMENT PILOT PROJECT BY WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY  

EPA Science Inventory

Washington Department of Ecology conducted an ecoregion bioassessment project to evaluate the usefulness of a monitoring protocol to detect water resource impacts due to forest practices. Funded by the Timber-Fish-Wildlife Program, Phase I of the project concentrated on defining ...

303

The State of Washington's Children, Fall 2001. [Ninth Annual Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report is the ninth to examine annually statewide trends in the well-being of Washington's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators of child well-being in five areas: (1) family and community, including teen birth rate, teen pregnancy rate, divorces involving children, and births to unmarried mothers; (2) economic…

Washington Univ., Seattle. School of Public Health and Community Medicine.

304

Booker T. Washington and the Adult Education Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Born into slavery in 1856, Booker T. Washington overcame staggering obstacles to lead emancipated blacks into a quiet revolution against illiteracy and economic dependence. In his lifetime, the national focus became more democratic, and the education of adults proliferated, bringing social change. The first public efforts to educate freed slaves…

Denton, Virginia Lantz

305

DYNAMICS OF PORT ANGELES HARBOR AND APPROACHES, WASHINGTON  

EPA Science Inventory

Historical oceanographic data in Port Angeles Harbor, located behind a spit on the northern coast of Washington, have been analyzed with emphasis on the physical processes that transport and disperse spilled oil. The data base spans 1932-1979 and includes observations of tides, c...

306

Beam diagnostics for the University of Washington superconducting booster  

SciTech Connect

The beam diagnostic system for the University of Washington superconducting booster provides the operator with a visualization of beam shape, position, intensity, time structure, energy and emittance. Control circuitry, interface structure, display graphics and sensors are described. Measurement of the emittance of the tandem injector and the booster for a variety of beams is in progress. 8 refs., 3 figs.

Weitkamp, W.G.; Amsbaugh, J.F.; Connolly, R.C.; Fauska, H.; Irwin, T.J.; Howe, M.A.; LaCroix, J.M.; Leach, D.D.; Readdy, H.P.

1989-01-01

307

Implementing the Washington State Social Service Delivery System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results of a study on the Washington State Social Service Delivery System (SSDS) are presented. The research was conducted to assess the impact of the organizational changes on frontline staff and clients, as well as the efficacy of the change process its...

R. Weatherley C. Byrum D. Lishner K. Reid G. Roset

1979-01-01

308

Reproduction of Northern Anchovy, 'Engraulis mordax', Off Oregon and Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mean relative fecundity of 21 anchovies from the northern subpopulation off Oregon and Washington was 826 + or - 49 oocytes per g ovary-free body weight, or 720 + or - 40 oocytes per g total body weight. Sexual maturity is not reached in most anchovies of...

J. L. Laroche S. L. Richardson

1980-01-01

309

An Evaluation of Washington State's Job Skills Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Job Skills Program (JSP) in Washington State provides job training customized to meet the needs of employers through partnerships of employers and training institutions. The JSP funds up to one-half the cost of training, with employers providing a match. Training can be provided for new employees, for upgrading employees receiving promotions,…

Washington State Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board, Olympia.

310

NY 32633 VIEW ALONG WASHINGTON ROAD, LOOKING (RIGHT TO LEFT) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

NY -326-33 VIEW ALONG WASHINGTON ROAD, LOOKING (RIGHT TO LEFT) TOWARD CARPENTER AND BLACKSMITH SHOP (BUILDING 65 I), ORDINANCE OFFICE AND STOREHOUSE (BUILDING 653) AND Q.M. STABLES AND WAGON SHED (BUILDING 657). VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Plattsburgh Air Force Base, U.S. Route 9, Plattsburgh, Clinton County, NY

311

Processes Controlling Spessartite Generation beneath Mt. Rainier, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mt. Rainier is a composite volcano located in the Cascade volcanic arc about 60km SE of Tacoma, Washington (Crowley et at., 1997). The volcanism at Mt. Rainier is a consequence of subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate under the North American plate at an average rate of 50mmyr-1 (Lowrie, 2007). Based on a compilation of data representing basaltic andesites

W. A. Bohrson; S. R. Scott

2008-01-01

312

Tectonics and conductivity structures in the Southern Washington Cascades  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tectonic setting of the southern Washington Cascades has been studied with the aid of magnetotelluric (MT) and other geophysical data. The main feature of interest in the geophysical data is a broad high-conductivity anomaly mapped with MT and geomagnetic variation (GMV) data. This anomaly is located roughly within the triangle formed by the volcanoes Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens,

William D. Stanley; Carol Finn; Joseph L. Plesha

1987-01-01

313

Washington University's DNA sequencing lays foundation for personalized cancer treatment  

Cancer.gov

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis are using powerful DNA sequencing technology not only to identify mutations at the root of a patient's tumor – considered key to personalizing cancer treatment – but to map the genetic evolution of disease and monitor response to treatment.

314

Parks, Trees, and Environmental Justice: Field Notes from Washington, DC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enrolled in a graduate seminar benefited in multiple ways from an intensive 3-day field trip to Washington, DC. Constructed around the theme of environmental justice, the trip gave students a chance to learn about street tree distribution, park quality, and racial segregation "up close." Working with personnel from the United…

Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Whitmer, Ali; Grove, J. Morgan

2013-01-01

315

41. Photocopy of engraving from History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

41. Photocopy of engraving from History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford and Gasconade Counties, Missouri (Chicago: Goodpeed Publishing Co., 1888) Wittenberg-Sorber, St. Louis, engraver, ca. 1888 'STONE HILL VINEYARDS AND CELLARS OF THE STONE HILL WINE COMPANY, HERMANN, MO.' - Stone Hill Winery, 401 West Twelfth Street, Hermann, Gasconade County, MO

316

WEISER RIVER STUDY, ADAMS AND WASHINGTON COUNTIES, IDAHO, 1979  

EPA Science Inventory

During the 1979 water year, a water quality study was conducted on the Weiser and Little Weiser Rivers (17050124) in Washington and Adams Counties, Idaho. The study was completed to obtain background information on effluent limitations for the cities of Cambridge and Council and...

317

The Washington DC Metro Area Lightning Mapping Array  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the spring and summer of 2006, a network of eight lightning mapping stations has been set up in the greater DC metropolitan area to monitor the total lightning activity in storms over Virginia, Maryland and the Washington DC area. The network is a joint project between New Mexico Tech, NASA, and NOAA\\/National Weather Service, with real-time data being provided

P. Krehbiel; W. Rison; H. Edens; N. O'Connor; G. Aulich; R. Thomas; S. Kieft; S. Goodman; R. Blakeslee; J. Hall; J. Bailey

2006-01-01

318

RISK FACTORS FOR ENDEMIC GASTROINTESTINAL ILLNESS AMONG A WASHINGTON COHORT  

EPA Science Inventory

RISK FACTORS FOR ENDEMIC GASTROINTESTINAL ILLNESS AMONG A WASHINGTON COHORT *Christina A. Peterson 1,2,3 and Rebecca L. Calderon 2 1 Department of Epidemiology School of Public Health (SPH) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH), 27516 2 Nat...

319

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON ELECTROSTATIC SCRUBBER TESTS AT A STEEL PLANT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a demonstration of the effectiveness of a 1700 cu m/hr (1000 acfm) University of Washington (UW) Electrostatic Spray Scrubber in controlling fine particle emissions from an electric-arc steel furnace. The two-stage portable pilot plant operates by comb...

320

The Washington State Migrant Education Program, 1974-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Washington State Migrant Education Program legally defines migratory children as interstate, intrastate, or formerly migratory. Program goals are intended to serve the legislative mandate that requires establishment of "...programs and projects to meet the special education needs of migratory children of migratory agricultural workers and to…

Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia. Migrant Education Program.

321

Functional Evaluation of the Washington-Area Teleradiology Demonstration Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Teleradiology is an automated system whereby an electronic representation of an X-ray image is transmitted via telephone wires from one location to another. Study of the performance of a teleradiology system in five hospitals and clinics in the Washington...

1982-01-01

322

Performance Funding for Improvement in Washington Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 1997-99 performance funding report for the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges (SBCTC). The state legislature mandated that community and technical colleges must develop a biennial plan to achieve measurable and specific improvements in the following areas: (1) increasing the average earning wage of job-training…

Seppanen, Loretta; Yoshiwara, Jan

323

Rural Vocational Assessment: Lincoln County, Washington. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven small rural school districts (averaging less than 100 high school students each) in Lincoln County, Washington, joined to perform a vocational assessment of their districts. All grade 9-12 students were mailed questionnaires; 520 surveys were mailed and 212 were returned. Only 26% of the students indicated that they were thoroughly familiar…

Emerson, L. J.

324

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska Exports of Edible Fishery Products, 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (defined in the report as the Pacific Northwest) exports of edible fishery products in 1991 increased 4% in quantity over 1990 to 1.47 billion pounds (lb) or 666,400 metric tons (t). The value of these fishery exports increa...

R. K. Kinoshita J. M. Terry

1993-01-01

325

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska Exports of Edible Fishery Products, 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (defined in this report as the Pacific Northwest) exports of edible fishery products in 1995 declined slightly in quantity from 1994 to 1.4 billion pounds (lb) or 633,188 metric tons (t). The value of these fishery exports i...

R. K. Kinoshita J. M. Terry

1996-01-01

326

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska Exports of Edible Fishery Products, 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (defined in the report as the Pacific Northwest) exports of edible fishery products in 1990 increased 42% in quantity over 1989 to over 1.4 billion pounds (lb) or 640,000 metric tons (t). The value of these fishery exports i...

R. K. Kinoshita D. A. Colpo J. M. Terry

1991-01-01

327

Huxley College of Environmental Studies, Western Washington University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the programs of Huxley College (Washington) which were designed to provide an environmental studies thread through all of its academic endeavors. Addresses the development of the curriculum of both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Discusses its research focal points and its prospects for the future. (TW)

Miles, John C.

1987-01-01

328

ACT Profile Report: State. Graduating Class 2012. Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the performance of Washington's 2012 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2012 and tested under standard time conditions. This report focuses on: (1) Performance: student test performance in the…

ACT, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

329

9. Typical 'furnished rooms' overlook the Washington Street alley. Each ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Typical 'furnished rooms' overlook the Washington Street alley. Each has two double-hung windows that are fitted with roller-shade brackets. The plaster was formulated with lime and is heavily laden with animal hair. Each room is provided with a stove-pipe connection. Credit GADA/MRM. - Stroud Building, 31-33 North Central Avenue, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

330

76 FR 377 - Land Acquisitions; Cowlitz Indian Tribe of Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...portion of the following described land lying West of the Westerly line of Interstate...County, Washington. Except any portion lying within NW. 31st Avenue. Also except that...Point of Beginning. Except that portion lying within the right of way of NW. 319th...

2011-01-04

331

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska Exports of Edible Fishery Products, 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (defined in this report as the Pacific Northwest) exports of edible fishery products in 1994 declined 7% in quantity from 1993 to 1.39 billion pounds (lb) or 629,048 metric tons (t). The value of these fishery exports declin...

R. K. Kinoshita J. M. Terry

1996-01-01

332

Impacts of Climate Change on the Coasts of Washington State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Climate change on the Washington coast will trigger significant physical and chemical stressors: (a) inundation of low-lying areas by high tides as sea level rises; (b) flooding of coasts during major storm events, especially near river mouths; (c) accelerated erosion of coastal bluffs; (d) shifting of beach profiles, moving the position of the Mean High Water line landward; (e)

Daniel D. Huppert; Amber Moore; Karen Dyson

333

Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington. 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its establishment in the 1860s, Washington's higher education system has evolved rapidly to meet a myriad of state needs in fields as diverse as agriculture, bioscience, chemistry, environmental sciences, engineering, medicine, law, business, computer science, and architecture. Today, higher education, like other vital state functions,…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2011

2011-01-01

334

Eleventh Annual Report of Special Education Services in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report is designed to present relevant demographic and program data on the provision of special education services to eligible students in Washington State. Program decisions in special education must be data-driven to enable to adequately respond to the accountability concerns inherent in No Child Left Behind and other important federal and…

Bergeson, Terry; Heuschel, Mary Alice; Harmon, Bob; Gill, Douglas H.; Grummick, Sandy

2004-01-01

335

Washington State Student Achievement Initiative Policy Study: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges launched a performance funding policy called the Student Achievement Initiative (SAI) both to improve public accountability by more accurately describing what students achieve from enrolling in community colleges and to provide incentives to colleges through financial rewards…

Jenkins, Davis; Wachen, John; Moore, Colleen; Shulock, Nancy

2012-01-01

336

Building the George Washington Bridge: A First Grade Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a class project that used donated materials to build a replica of the George Washington Bridge. The children read books related to bridges and created "vehicles" out of milk cartons for the bridge crossing. They also created stories for their vehicles that were transcribed by older students. (MJP)

McMillan, Elizabeth P.

1998-01-01

337

Chemical Contaminants in Marine Mammals from Washington State.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of this study were to report the results of recent analyses of environmental toxicants in Washington marine mammals and evaluate the evidence for pollutant-related effects in marine mammals. In the last eight years, samples of close to 100 ...

J. Calambokidis J. Peard G. H. Steiger J. C. Cubbage R. L. DeLong

1984-01-01

338

Earthquake monitoring of eastern Washington: Annual technical report, 1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report covers operations and research on the seismicity and structure of eastern Washington and northeastern Oregon for the year, July 1, 1986 to June 30, 1987. The report covers the operation of the regional seismograph network including station maintenance and calibration, data processing and operational problems. A detailed description of the current network including telemetry routing through the BPA

Malone

1987-01-01

339

Washington Community and Technical Colleges Fall Enrollment & Staffing Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a 2001 report on student enrollment and staff statistics for Washington's community and technical colleges. The report provides data on student enrollment demographics, enrollment by program type, and faculty demographics. Results indicated that: (1) over 250,000 students were enrolled in a community or technical college; (2) over 17,000…

Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia.

340

61. PAGE THREE OF PLANS FOR GRAND CANAL AT WASHINGTON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

61. PAGE THREE OF PLANS FOR GRAND CANAL AT WASHINGTON STREET TIDEGATE SYSTEM REHABILITATION Plan Sheet D-28451, Sheet No. 3 of 3 (delineated by H. V. Nguyen, November 1985) - Venice Canals, Community of Venice, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

341

60. PAGE TWO OF PLANS FOR GRAND CANAL AT WASHINGTON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. PAGE TWO OF PLANS FOR GRAND CANAL AT WASHINGTON STREET TIDEGATE SYSTEM REHABILITATION Plan Sheet D-28451, Sheet No. 2 of 3 (delineated by H. V. Nguyen, November 1985) - Venice Canals, Community of Venice, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

342

George Washington Community High School: Analysis of a Partnership Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After five years with no public schools in their community, residents and neighborhood organizations of the Near Westside of Indianapolis advocated for the opening of George Washington Community High School (GWCHS). As a neighborhood in close proximity to the campus of Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, the Near Westside and campus…

Bringle, Robert G.; Officer, Starla D. H.; Grim, Jim; Hatcher, Julie A.

2009-01-01

343

Fishes of George Washington Carver National Monument, Missouri, 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fish were collected at six sites at George Washington Carver National Monument by seining and electrofishing during a base-flow period on July 17-18, 2003. Approximately 700 fish were collected and identified at the six sampling sites. Those individuals r...

J. C. Peterson B. G. Justus

2005-01-01

344

The State of Washington's Children. [Seventh Annual Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT seventh annual report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Washington's children. The statistical portrait is based 24 key indicators of well-being: (1) teen birth rate; (2) teen pregnancy rate; (3) births to unmarried mothers; (4) divorces involving children; (5) family foster caseload; (6) average real wages; (7) per…

Marvinney, Sandy, Ed.

345

Health Systems Plan. Health Service Area 1 Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Puget Sound Health Systems Agency devised this health systems plan (HSP) as a statement of what the health system in Northwest Washington ought to look like. General goals and guidelines contained in the plan have been or will be translated into speci...

1977-01-01

346

Summary of Seepage Investigations in the Yakima River Basin, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Discharge data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey, Washington State Department of Ecology, and Yakama Nation for seepage investigations in the Yakima River basin are made available as downloadable Microsoft Excel files. These data were collected for more than a century at various times for several different studies and are now available in one location to facilitate future analysis by interested parties.

Magirl, C. S.; Julich, R. J.; Welch, W. B.; Curran, C. R.; Mastin, M. C.; Vaccaro, J. J.

2009-01-01

347

The Organization of Vocational Education in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational technical institutes in Washington were developed in some common school districts as single-purpose institutions for vocational training programs. These institutes have offered secondary and post secondary vocational education programs. Since the 1967 Community College Act there have been several studies concerning the structure and…

Washington State Legislature, Olympia. Senate.

348

Beyond the Border: Environmental Management in Washington and British Columbia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides an introduction to U.S. and Canadian systems of government as well as an overview of the major environmental agencies and laws in Washington and British Columbia. It summarizes the regulations and policies regarding different aspects o...

C. Nasser

1992-01-01

349

Beyond the border: Environmental management in Washington and British Columbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report provides an introduction to U.S. and Canadian systems of government as well as an overview of the major environmental agencies and laws in Washington and British Columbia. It summarizes the regulations and policies regarding different aspects of water quality and resource management, and highlights differences and similarities between the programs implemented. Final sections of the report feature existing

Nasser

1992-01-01

350

Deformation of quaternary strata and its relationship to crustal folds and faults, south-central Puget Lowland, Washington State  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Folded Quaternary deposits across the south-central Puget Lowland, an area just south of the Seattle fault that extends across the Seattle uplift and its boundary with the adjacent Tacoma basin, provide increased resolution of the character and rate of crustal deformation. They also constrain alternative, and partly incompatible, views of crustal structure previously suggested by geophysical investigations. Tectonic deformation has been progressive for at least the past few hundred thousand years: older sediments display greater deformation than the youngest exposed deposits in the study area. Strain rates across the Seattle uplift have probably been between 0.25 and 1.0 mm/yr during this period, accounting for ???10% of the total strain shortening of the western Washington crust. The Seattle uplift displays Quaternary deformation across its full north-south extent and has structural discontinuities at both its northern and southern boundaries. Previous workers have already established the faulted nature of its northern boundary; exposed Quaternary strata across its southern boundary display intense folding, the location of which generally corresponds to the projection of a "Tacoma fault" suggested by prior geophysical studies. ?? 2004 Geological Society of America.

Booth, D. B.; Troost, K. G.; Hagstrum, J. T.

2004-01-01

351

Educational Opportunities in Washington's High Schools under State Education Reform: Case Studies of Eight Washington High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes interviews with Washington state administrators, teachers, staff, students, parents, and community members at eight public high schools. Respondents identified several common themes regarding strategies to improve learning, the impact of state standardized tests, options and strategies for making learning more relevant, and…

McLain, Barbara; Thompson, Madeleine

352

Connecting Crustal Faults and Tectonics from Puget Sound across the Cascade Range to the Yakima Fold and Thrust Belt, Washington: Evidence from New High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of regional-scale faults in the Cascadia forearc, including the Tacoma, Seattle, and southern Whidbey Island faults, cuts the Puget Sound lowland in response to 6 mm\\/yr of north-south compression. The Cascadia backarc of Washington, on the other hand, currently migrates <3 mm\\/yr northeastward relative to stable North America (McCaffrey et al., 2007). The tectonic connection between these two

R. J. Blakely; B. L. Sherrod; C. S. Weaver; R. E. Wells

2009-01-01

353

75 FR 36717 - Washington State University; Notice of Acceptance for Docketing and Opportunity for Hearing on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...currently authorizes the Washington State University (the licensee, WSU) to operate the Washington State University Modified TRIGA Nuclear Radiation Center Reactor (WSU Reactor) at a maximum steady-state thermal power of 1000 kilowatts (kW)...

2010-06-28

354

Results of the 1988 geothermal gradient test drilling project for the State of Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During late summer and early fall of 1988, the Washington Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Earth Resources (DGER) completed drilling eight shallow geothermal gradient test wells in the southern Washington Cascade Range. This report...

D. B. Barnett M. A. Korosec

1989-01-01

355

78 FR 37104 - Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Washington, DC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Washington...establishes five RNAV routes in support of the Washington, DC, Optimization of Airspace and...descriptions of RNAV routes T-291 and T-295...points in radio communications and onboard...

2013-06-20

356

77 FR 13238 - Partial Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Washington: Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...submittal from the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) to demonstrate that the SIP meets the requirements...Washington Clean Air Act; Chapter 43.21 RCW Department of Ecology; Chapter 34.05 RCW Administrative Procedure...

2012-03-06

357

Institutional Paralysis in the Press: The Cold War in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis of four Washington state newspapers published in 1948 reveals that they did not provide fair coverage of the House UnAmerican Activities Committee's investigation of communist infiltration at the University of Washington. (FL)

Baldasty, Gerald J.; Winfield, Betty Houchin

1981-01-01

358

33 CFR 162.225 - Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration and navigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration... § 162.225 Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration...supervision over the Columbia and Willamette Rivers, and is charged with...

2013-07-01

359

33 CFR 162.225 - Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration and navigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration... § 162.225 Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration...supervision over the Columbia and Willamette Rivers, and is charged with...

2009-07-01

360

33 CFR 162.225 - Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration and navigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration... § 162.225 Columbia and Willamette Rivers, Washington and Oregon; administration...supervision over the Columbia and Willamette Rivers, and is charged with...

2010-07-01

361

Vegetation Classification and Mapping of George Washington Carver National Monument. Project Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

George Washington Carver National Monument (GWCA) is situated on the original Moses Carver homestead, where George Washington Carver spent about ten years of his early life. Although the plant communities were almost certainly highly disturbed during that...

D. D. Diamond D. L. Pursell K. M. James L. F. Elliott M. D. DeBacker

2013-01-01

362

33 CFR 100.1305 - Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races. 100.1305 Section 100.1305 Navigation and Navigable...1305 Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races. (a) Regulated area. By this...

2010-07-01

363

33 CFR 100.1305 - Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races. 100.1305 Section 100.1305 Navigation and Navigable...1305 Richland, Washington, west coast outboard championship hydro races. (a) Regulated area. By this...

2009-07-01

364

36 CFR 223.203 - Indirect substitution exception for National Forest System timber from within Washington State.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Forest System timber from within Washington State. 223.203 Section 223...Forest System timber from within Washington State. (a) Exception limits...timber originating from within Washington State could have been acquired...

2010-07-01

365

36 CFR 223.203 - Indirect substitution exception for National Forest System timber from within Washington State.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Forest System timber from within Washington State. 223.203 Section 223...Forest System timber from within Washington State. (a) Exception limits...timber originating from within Washington State could have been acquired...

2009-07-01

366

15 CFR 922.154 - Consultation with the State of Washington, affected Indian tribes, and adjacent county governments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Consultation with the State of Washington, affected Indian tribes...154 Consultation with the State of Washington, affected Indian tribes...regularly consult with the State of Washington, the governing...

2010-01-01

367

15 CFR 922.154 - Consultation with the State of Washington, affected Indian tribes, and adjacent county governments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Consultation with the State of Washington, affected Indian tribes...154 Consultation with the State of Washington, affected Indian tribes...regularly consult with the State of Washington, the governing...

2009-01-01

368

SEATTLE AIR TOXICS MONITORING PILOT PROJECT  

EPA Science Inventory

Since January, 2000, the Washington Department of Ecology has been monitoring for air toxics at two sites in Seattle, Beacon Hill and Georgetown. The Beacon Hill site is in an area of high population density that reflects conditions in a "typical" urban residential neighborhood a...

369

Acoustical design of Benaroya Hall, Seattle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benaroya Hall in Seattle, Washington, was inaugurated on September 12, 1998. This 2500-seat concert hall has a rectangular plan, follows the traditional ``shoebox'' form, and has a volume of 680 000 ft3 (19 244 m3). To obtain excellent diffusion over a wide frequency range requires surface irregularities of different sizes and shapes; to obtain excellent diffusion at very low frequencies

Cyril M. Harris

2001-01-01

370

The Power of PreK-3rd: How a Small Foundation Helped Push Washington State to the Forefront of the PreK-3rd Movement. FCD Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New School Foundation was not born from a commission, legislative mandate, research project, think tank, or even the mind of a leading education scholar. One of Washington state's pioneering PreK-3rd initiatives began as the brainchild of a wealthy Seattle businessman, Stuart Sloan, 20 years ago. The New School Foundation and its ideas were…

Nyhan, Paul

2011-01-01

371

School Finance in Washington State 1997-98: Emerging Equity Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-six percent of Washington's state operating budget is devoted to K-12 education. This paper provides an overview of key features of Washington's school finance system. It examines sources and levels of revenues and expenditures for K-12 public education and outlines major principles of Washington's revenue distribution system. An examination…

Plecki, Margaret L.

372

BLACK BEAR FOREST DAMAGE IN WASHINGTON STATE, USA: ECONOMIC, ECOLOGICAL, SOCIAL ASPECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Black bear (Ursus americanus) damage to coniferous forests can be detrimental to the forest products industry in Washington state. Value of timber damage, west of the Cascade Mountains is millions of dollars every year. The Washington Forest Protection Association’s (WFPA) Animal Damage Control Program (ADCP) manages bear damage in cooperation with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). Bears

Georg J. Ziegltrum; Dale L. Nolte

2001-01-01

373

78 FR 62961 - Apricots Grown in Designated Counties in Washington; Increased Assessment Rate  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.50 to $1.50 per ton of Washington apricots...and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.50 to $1.50 per ton of Washington apricots...and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.50 to $1.50 per ton of Washington...

2013-10-23

374

78 FR 21518 - Apricots Grown in Designated Counties in Washington; Decreased Assessment Rate  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subsequent fiscal periods from $1.50 to $0.50 per ton of Washington apricots handled...subsequent fiscal periods from $1.50 to $0.50 per ton of Washington apricots handled...subsequent fiscal periods from $1.50 to $0.50 per ton of Washington apricots...

2013-04-11

375

78 FR 51098 - Apricots Grown in Designated Counties in Washington; Increased Assessment Rate  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.50 to $1.50 per ton of Washington apricots...and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.50 to $1.50 per ton for Washington apricots...and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.50 to $1.50 per ton of Washington...

2013-08-20

376

Long-Term Economic and Labor Forecast Trends for Washington. 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides actual historical and long-term forecast data on labor force, total wage and salary employment, industry employment, and personal income for the state of Washington. The data are based upon the Washington Office of Financial Management long-term population forecast. Chapter 1 presents long-term forecasts of Washington

Lefberg, Irv; And Others

377

Dealing with Disproportionality in the Juvenile Justice System: The State of Washington's Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, a report on the Washington state juvenile justice system found that minority youth were four times more likely than white youth to be sentenced to confinement. This report reviews aspects of disproportionality in Washington's juvenile justice system, summarizes inquiries by the Washington Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil…

Pilla, Thomas V.

378

Washington State's English Language Learners Instructors: The Need for Additional Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to determine the level of preparedness of English Language Learner (ELL) instructors in Washington State. The study utilized information from Washington State's educational system and findings were further explored through use of an informal questionnaire sent to 25 selected Western Washington school district…

Reigle, Rosemary R.

2007-01-01

379

76 FR 81011 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Light Rail Project in Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Light Rail Project in Washington AGENCY: Federal...The actions relate to the East Link Light Rail Transit Project in King County Washington...in the State of Washington: East Link Light Rail Transit Project, King County,...

2011-12-27

380

Home energy rating system business plan feasibility study in Washington state  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Fall of 1993, the Washington State Energy Office funded the Washington Home Energy Rating System project to investigate the benefits of a Washington state HERS. WSEO established a HERS and EEM Advisory Group. Composed of mortgage lenders\\/brokers, realtors, builders, utility staff, remodelers, and other state agency representatives, the Advisory Group met for the first time on November 17,

Lineham

1995-01-01

381

University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections: Salmon Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington presents the Salmon Collection, an online digital collection of "documents, photographs, and other original material describing the roots of the salmon crisis in the Pacific Northwest in the late 19th and early 20th centuries." Users may search for items by keyword or browse the entire collection, organized into the following categories: Native Americans, Traps and Fishwheels, Salmon Industry in Washington, Salmon on the Columbia River, Fish Drying, Salmon Industry in Alaska, Salmon Canneries, and Salmon Hatcheries. For a brief overview of the salmon crisis in the Pacific Northwest, click on About this Site (also provides technical information about the collection and its content). The photographs are particularly compelling. The entire collection should appeal to ecologists and history buffs alike.

382

Progress report on Washington Photometry of Several Galactic Globular Clusters.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Washington photometry of M2, M72, M92 and NGC 4147 was carried out, at the JPL 0.6-m telescope at Table Mountain Facility, between June 1997 and December 1999. The long-term aim is to better estimate the ages of these objects and to better estimate the age of the Universe. The aim of the last two years has been to develop and refine techniques for taking exposures of up to 1 hour without the use of an auto-guider. This paper will discuss the advantages of long exposures over stacks of shorter ones, techniques for correcting telescope pointing for atmospheric refraction, the advantages of Washington System filters, and present some early results of the program. This work was carried out under a NASA Faculty Award for Research grant (P.I. Dr. William Taylor CSULA) and the NSF-funded JPL/CSULA Consortion for Undergraduate Research Experience.

Gillam, S.; Foster, J.; Atienza-Rosel, J.; Ates, A.; Gibson, H.; Rodriguez, M.; Bruton, C.; Osuji, B.; Bledsoe, E.

2000-05-01

383

Geology of the Moses Lake North quadrangle, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The geology of the Moses Lake North quadrangle was mapped in 1954 and 1958 by the U.S. Geological Survey. Some of the basic hydrologic data has been collected by the Geological Survey during the early investigations of ground-water conditions in the Quincy Basin (Henshaw, written communication, 1917; Schwennesen and Meinzer, 1918). Most of the data, however, were obtained by the Geological Survey since 1941, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and the Washington State Department of Conservation under continuing programs in the area of the Columbia Basin Project of the Bureau of Reclamation. Some preliminary geologic field work in the Moses Lake North quadrangle was done by the Geological Survey in 1954 in cooperation with the Washington State Department of Conservation.

Grolier, Maurice J.; Foxworthy, Bruce L.

1961-01-01

384

Wind Powering America State Outreach. Final Technical Report: Washington State  

SciTech Connect

The Washington Department of Commerce, via a U.S. Department of Energy grant, supported research into siting and permitting processes for wind projects by Skagit County, Washington. The goal was to help a local government understand key issues, consider how other areas have addressed wind siting, and establish a basis for enacting permitting and zoning ordinances that provided a more predictable permitting path and process for landowners, citizens, government and developers of small and community wind projects. The County?s contractor developed a report that looked at various approaches to wind siting, interviewed stakeholders, and examined technology options. The contractor outlined key issues and recommended the adoption of a siting process. The Skagit County Commission considered the report and directed the Skagit County Planning & Development Services Department to add development of wind guidelines to its work plan for potential changes to development codes.

Stearns, Tim

2013-09-30

385

Routine environmental audit of the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the routine environmental audit of the Hanford Site (Hanford), Richland, Washington. During this audit, the activities conducted by the audit team included reviews of internal documents an reports from previous audits and assessments; interviews with US Department of Energy (DOE), State of Washington regulatory, and contractor personnel; and inspections and observations of selected facilities and operations. The onsite portion of the audit was conducted May 2--13, 1994, by the DOE Office of Environmental Audit (EH-24), located within the Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The audit evaluated the status of programs to ensure compliance with Federal, State, and local environmental laws and regulations; compliance with DOE orders, guidance, and directives; and conformance with accepted industry practices and standards of performance. The audit also evaluated the status and adequacy of the management systems developed to address environmental requirements.

Not Available

1994-05-01

386

4. View looking from the north of George Washington's 'Potowmack' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. View looking from the north of George Washington's 'Potowmack' Canal at Great Falls on the Potomac River, taken September 1, 1943. The low water of the Potomac is definitely shown by the markings on the bank of the river, immediately across stream from where photograph was taken. The usual water mark existing under normal conditions, is shown on the rock in the immediate foreground at a point about even with the spectator's pipe. The spectator is pointing to the evidences of old drillings made in this hard rock by General Washington and his courageous crew, who either blasted or cleaved this opening in the solid wall of rock, to permit boats to pass around the Great Falls and thence into the Potomac River. In the foreground, a slab of stone is ... - Potowmack Company: Great Falls Canal, Locks No. 3, 4, 5, Great Falls, Fairfax County, VA

387

Occupational pesticide poisoning in apple orchards--Washington, 1993.  

PubMed

During July-December 1993, the Washington Department of Health (WDOH) received and conducted follow-up investigations of 26 reports of occupational illness related to exposure to mevinphos (Phosdrin), an organophosphate (OP) insecticide. The reports involved illnesses during June 13-August 18, 1993, in persons working in 19 different apple orchards; all involved use of mevinphos to control apple aphids. This report summarizes the results of these investigations by WDOH. PMID:8272043

1994-01-01

388

Terrestrial organic carbon contributions to sediments on the Washington margin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elemental and stable carbon isotopic compositions and biomarker concentrations were determined in sediments from the Columbia River basin and the Washington margin in order to evaluate geochemical approaches for quantifying terrestrial organic matter in marine sediments. The biomarkers include: an homologous series of long-chain n-alkanes derived from the surface waxes of higher plants; phenolic and hydroxyalkanoic compounds produced by CuO

F. G. Prahl; M. A. Sparrow; B. Eversmeyer; J. R. Ertel; M. A. Goni

1994-01-01

389

Washington State's 45Year Experiment in Government Liability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Washington's waiver of sovereign immunity has been in force for nearly forty-five years, during which time many questions have been answered. New litigation, however, continues to expand the scope of the waiver, and the extent of liability continues to raise new questions and present difficult problems. Major problems include the uncertainty of case-by-case determinations of government liability and the cost

Michael Tardif; Rob McKenna

2005-01-01

390

Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show  

ScienceCinema

Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need at the 2010 Washington Auto Show. He also announced that the Department of Energy had closed on a $1.4 billion loan to Nissan to build the all-electric LEAF in Tennessee and create up to 1,300 American jobs.

Secretary Chu

2010-09-01

391

Washington University study finds chemotherapy may influence leukemia relapse:  

Cancer.gov

The chemotherapy drugs required to push a common form of adult leukemia into remission may contribute to DNA damage that can lead to a relapse of the disease in some patients, findings of a new study suggest. The research, by a team of physicians and scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, is published Jan. 11 in the advance online edition of Nature.

392

Late quaternary dynamics of pollen influx at mineral lake, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pollen influx analysis at Mineral Lake, Washington, indicates that immediately south of the Puget Lobe of the Fraser Glaciation,\\u000a tundra was a characteristic vegetation until 16,300 years ago. Invasion ofPinus contorta began 17,500 years B.P., and boreal climax conifers (Abies, Picea andTsuga mertensiana), 16,300, but was temporarily interrupted by the Vashon advance (14,500–14,000 yr B.P.).Pseudotsuga menziesii began to grow in

Matsuo Tsukada; Shinya Sugita

1982-01-01

393

Geophysical characterization of the Muckleshoot Basin, northwestern Washington State  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterize the Muckleshoot Basin and examine its relationship with the Tacoma and White River fault systems to the west and east, respectively. The Muckleshoot Basin, located east of Tacoma, Washington, was initially defined by seismic tomography data as a 20x25 km basin that extends to 7-9 km depth. A new analysis of gravity and vintage industry seismic-reflection data suggests

S. Carley; L. M. Liberty; T. L. Pratt

2007-01-01

394

Forest ecosystems, disturbance, and climatic change in Washington State, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climatic change is likely to affect Pacific Northwest (PNW) forests in several important ways. In this paper, we address the\\u000a role of climate in four forest ecosystem processes and project the effects of future climatic change on these processes across\\u000a Washington State. First, we relate Douglas-fir growth to climatic limitation and suggest that where Douglas-fir is currently\\u000a water-limited, growth is

Jeremy S. Littell; Elaine E. Oneil; Donald McKenzie; Jeffrey A. Hicke; James A. Lutz; Robert A. Norheim; Marketa M. Elsner

2010-01-01

395

Stennis Space Center goes to Washington Folklife Festival  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bryon Maynard (left), an aerospace technologist for Propulsion Systems & Tech in Stennis' Engineering and Science Directorate, uses a 'pocket rocket' to demonstrate the concept of rocket propulsion as part of NASA's exhibit at the Smithsonian Folklife Festival in Washington, D.C. Maynard is joined by Bradley Messer (right), chief of the Systems Engineering & Integration Division in Stennis' Engineering and Science Directorate, and a pair of exhibit visitors.

2008-01-01

396

Wound botulism among black tar heroin users--Washington, 2003.  

PubMed

During August 22-26, 2003, four injection-drug users (IDUs) in Yakima County, Washington, sought medical care at the same hospital with complaints of several days of weakness, drooping eyelids, blurred vision, and difficulty speaking and swallowing. All four were regular, nonintravenous injectors of black tar heroin (BTH), and one also snorted BTH. This report summarizes the investigation of these cases, which implicated wound botulism (WB) as the cause of illness. PMID:13679792

2003-09-19

397

22. View looking north on Central Avenue from Washington Street. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. View looking north on Central Avenue from Washington Street. The Stroud Building (with awnings on the second story) is located on the east (right) side of the street near the center of the block. The original Adams Hotel is seen at the right rear of the photograph Circa 1901-1910. Credit ADLAPR. - Stroud Building, 31-33 North Central Avenue, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

398

Fish species richness and stream order in Washington State streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis  We sampled fish at pairs of sites of the same stream order on opposite sides of drainage divides in the Cascade Mountains\\u000a and in the southwest portion of Washington state. Elevation, gradient, drainage area, and stream order were significantly\\u000a correlated with number of fish species collected at a site. Elevation accounted for the greatest portion of the variation\\u000a in number

Hal A. Beecher; Eric R. Dott; Robert F. Fernau

1988-01-01

399

Assessment of climate change impact on Eastern Washington agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

An assessment of the potential impact of climate change and the concurrent increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration on eastern Washington State agriculture was conducted. Climate projections from four selected general circulation\\u000a models (GCM) were chosen, and the assessment included the crops with larger economic value for the state (apples, potatoes,\\u000a and wheat). To evaluate crop performance, a cropping system simulation

Claudio O. Stöckle; Roger L. Nelson; Stewart Higgins; Jay Brunner; Gary Grove; Rick Boydston; Mathew Whiting; Chad Kruger

2010-01-01

400

Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010 Washington Auto Show  

SciTech Connect

Secretary Chu lays out a roadmap for how the U.S. can lead the world in making the clean vehicles we need at the 2010 Washington Auto Show. He also announced that the Department of Energy had closed on a $1.4 billion loan to Nissan to build the all-electric LEAF in Tennessee and create up to 1,300 American jobs.

Secretary Chu

2010-02-03

401

Carbon cycle for Lake Washington - a stable isotope study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate the carbon cycle in Lake Washington for the year 1980 using monthly measurements of the dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and its ¹³C:¹²C isotopic composition. Mass balances of DIC and its ¹³C:¹²C yield estimates of COâ gas exchange rates and net organic carbon production rates. Between 24 June and 13 August, the calculated COâ gas invasion rate of

P. D. Quay; S. R. Emerson; B. M. Quay; A. H. Devol

1986-01-01

402

75 FR 23589 - Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2010-0347] Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle...Washington, WA for the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show from 10 a.m. on August...Lake Washington for the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance. The...

2010-05-04

403

Reaching Higher. A Parent's Guide to the Washington Assessment of Learning. Revised = Para llegar mas arriba. Una guia para padres sobre la evaluacion del aprendizaje de los estudiantes del estado de Washington (Washington Assessment of Student Learning). Revisado.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide in English and Spanish is designed to answer questions parents may have about the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL), including how it will help improve their children's education, how it is scored, and how to use the information it provides. In Washington, clear educational goals for subject content, thinking skills, and…

Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.

404

A citywide breeding bird survey for Washington, DC  

USGS Publications Warehouse

`DC Birdscape' was initiated in 1993 to systematically count the birds occurring throughout Washington D.C. during the breeding season. It involved a coordinated planning effort and partnership between the Audubon Naturalist Society, the National Park Service, and the National Biological Survey, and engaged the participation of more than 100 volunteers. A method for rapidly assessing the status of bird populations over a large area was developed and incorporated into a Geographic Information System to allow a multidimensional analysis of species presence and abundance across a variety of urban land use areas. A total of 91 species were observed, with an estimated total number of 115, making Washington D.C. almost as `bird rich' as nearby suburban counties. Data from the study clearly indicate that avian species are not randomly distributed throughout the Washington D.C. metropolitan area, and show affinity, at least in part, to some of the most broadly recognized land use patterns that are commonly used to zone and classify urban areas under development schemes. This study represents a prototype that will allow efficient and economical monitoring of urban bird populations.

Hadidian, J.; Sauer, J.R.; Swarth, C.; Handly, P.; Droege, S.; Williams, C.; Huff, J.; Didden, G.

1997-01-01

405

Terrestrial organic carbon contributions to sediments on the Washington margin  

SciTech Connect

Elemental and stable carbon isotopic compositions and biomarker concentrations were determined in sediments from the Columbia River basin and the Washington margin in order to evaluate geochemical approaches for quantifying terrestrial organic matter in marine sediments. The biomarkers include: an homologous series of long-chain n-alkanes derived from the surface waxes of higher plants; phenolic and hydroxyalkanoic compounds produced by CuO oxidation of two major vascular plant biopolymers, lignin and cutin. All marine sediments, including samples collected from the most remote sites in Cascadia Basin, showed organic geochemical evidence for the presence of terrestrial organic carbon. Using endmember values for the various biomarkers determined empirically by two independent means, the authors estimate that the terrestrial contribution to the Washington margin is [approximately] 60% for shelf sediments, [approximately] 30% for slope sediments, and decreases further to [le] 15% in basin sediments. Results from the same geochemical measurements made with depth in gravity core 6705-7 from Cascadia Seachannel suggest that this approach to assess terrestrial organic carbon contributions to contemporary deposits on the Washington margin can be applied to the study of sediments depositing in this region since the last glacial period.

Prahl, F.G.; Sparrow, M.A.; Eversmeyer, B. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)); Ertel, J.R. (Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)); Goni, M.A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA (United States))

1994-07-01

406

The regionalization of perinatal care in Wales and Washington State.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to compare perinatal regionalization and neonatal mortality in Wales and Washington State. METHODS. The 28 hospitals in Wales and the 80 hospitals in Washington State that offered maternity services and the 218,326 births that occurred in these hospitals in 1989 and 1990 were studied. Surveys were used to identify the neonatal technology and the referral policies of each hospital, and linked data from birth and death certificates were used to examine birthweight-specific neonatal mortality rates for all babies born in these hospitals. RESULTS. Welsh district general hospitals (broadly equivalent to Level II perinatal centers in the United States) have more sophisticated neonatal technology than their Washington State counterparts and appear less likely to refer small or preterm babies to regional or subregional centers. Neonatal mortality rates were quite similar in the two settings. CONCLUSIONS. Perinatal care in Wales appears to be less regionalized than in a similar region in the United States. The relative lack of perinatal regionalization in Wales may contribute to duplication and underutilization of expensive neonatal technologies. National health care systems do not, in and of themselves, lead to optimal regionalization of services. Images FIGURE 1

Rosenblatt, R A; Macfarlane, A; Dawson, A J; Cartlidge, P H; Larson, E H; Hart, L G

1996-01-01

407

Dacthal and chlorophenoxy herbicides and chlorothalonil fungicide in eggs of osprey (Pandion haliaetus) from the Duwamish-Lake Washington-Puget Sound area of Washington state, USA.  

PubMed

Current-use chlorophenoxy herbicides including 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dicamba, triclopyr, dicamba, dimethyl tetrachloroterephthalate (DCPA or dacthal), and the metabolite of pyrethroids, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), and the fungicide, chlorothalonil, were investigated in the eggs of osprey (Pandion haliaetus) that were collected from 15 sites from five study areas Puget Sound/Seattle area of Washington State, USA. DCPA differs from acidic chlorophenoxy herbicides, and is not readily hydrolyzed to free acid or acid metabolites, and thus we developed a new method. Of the 12 chlorophenoxy herbicides and chlorothalonil analyzed only DCPA could be quantified at six of these sites (2.0 to 10.3 pg/g fresh weight). However, higher levels (6.9 to 85.5 pg/g fresh weight) of the unexpected DCPA structural isomer, dimethyl tetrachlorophthalate (diMe-TCP) were quantified in eggs from all sites. diMe-TCP concentrations tended to be higher in eggs from the Everett Harbor area. As diMe-TCP is not an industrial product, and not commercially available, the source of diMe-TCP is unclear. Regardless, these findings indicate that DCPA and diMe-TCP can be accumulated in the food chain of fish-eating osprey, and transferred in ovo to eggs, and thus may be of concern to the health of the developing chick and the general reproductive health of this osprey population. PMID:16707197

Chu, Shaogang; Henny, Charles J; Kaiser, James L; Drouillard, Ken G; Haffner, G Douglas; Letcher, Robert J

2007-01-01

408

Self-revegetation of disturbed ground in the deserts of Nevada and Washington  

SciTech Connect

Plant cover established without purposeful soil preparation or seeding was measured on ground disturbed by plowing in Washington and by aboveground nuclear explosions in Nevada. After a time lapse of three decades in Washington and two decades in Nevada, fewer species were self-established on the disturbed ground than the nearby undisturbed ground. Alien annual plants were the dominants on the disturbed ground. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) dominated abandoned fields in Washington, and filaree (Erodium cicutarium) dominated disturbed ground in Nevada. Perennial grasses and shrubs appeared to be more successful as invaders in Nevada than in Washington. This distinction is attributed to the superior competitive ability of cheatgrass in Washington.

Rickard, W.H.; Sauer, R.H.

1982-01-01

409

Biologic Monitoring to Characterize Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure among Children and Workers: An Analysis of Recent Studies in Washington State  

PubMed Central

We examined findings from five organophosphorus pesticide biomonitoring studies conducted in Washington State between 1994 and 1999. We compared urinary dimethylthiophosphate (DMTP) concentrations for all study groups and composite dimethyl alkylphosphate (DMAP) concentrations for selected groups. Children of pesticide applicators had substantially higher metabolite levels than did Seattle children and farmworker children (median DMTP, 25 ?g/L; p < 0.0001). Metabolite levels of children living in agricultural communities were elevated during periods of crop spraying. Median DMTP concentrations for Seattle children and farmworker children did not differ significantly (6.1 and 5.8 ?g/L DMTP, respectively; p = 0.73); however, the DMAP concentrations were higher for Seattle children than for farmworker children (117 and 87 nmol/L DMAP, respectively; p = 0.007). DMTP concentrations of U.S. children 6–11 years of age (1999–2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey population) were higher than those of Seattle children and farmworker children at the 75th, 90th, and 95th percentiles. DMTP concentrations for workers actively engaged in apple thinning were 50 times higher than DMTP concentrations for farmworkers sampled outside of peak exposure periods. We conclude that workers who have direct contact with pesticides should continue to be the focus of public health interventions and that elevated child exposures in agricultural communities may occur during active crop-spraying periods and from living with a pesticide applicator. Timing of sample collection is critical for the proper interpretation of pesticide biomarkers excreted relatively soon after exposure. We surmise that differences in dietary exposure can explain the similar exposures observed among farmworker children, children living in the Seattle metropolitan area, and children sampled nationally.

Fenske, Richard A.; Lu, Chensheng; Curl, Cynthia L.; Shirai, Jeffry H.; Kissel, John C.

2005-01-01

410

As dams are removed on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington, many are hopeful for the future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Special Reports: Elwha River Valleyhttp://seattletimes.nwsource.com/flatpages/specialreports/elwha/Elwha ceremony recalls how treaty fight changed Northwesthttp://voices.idahostatesman.com/2011/09/19/rockybarker/franks_impromptu_comments_elwha_recognize_treaty_fightsWild-fish groups to sue over Elwha River hatcheryhttp://www.chron.com/news/article/Wild-fish-groups-to-sue-over-Elwha-River-hatchery-2177879.phpFarewell, Dams. Hello, Salmon?http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/09/20/farewell-dams-hello-salmon/Olympic National Park: Elwha River Restorationhttp://www.nps.gov/olym/naturescience/elwha-ecosystem-restoration.htmMan to Machine: Peninsula Logginghttp://content.lib.washington.edu/cmpweb/exhibits/logging/This weekend, a number of scientists, engineers, tribal representatives, and government officials gathered in Washington's Olympic Peninsula to commemorate the start of a major dam removal project. Over the next few years, the Elwha Dam and the Glines Canyon Dam will be removed in attempt to restore the Elwha River to its natural course. The removal of these dams will be completed by 2014, but restoring the salmon runs in the area (a major goal of the project) may take much longer. The start of this project is a big victory for dam removal advocates, who are also looking into dam removal initiatives along much larger rivers in the West, such as the Snake and Columbia. Commenting on the potential salmon runs in the future, Adeline Smith, 93, a member of the Lower Elwha Klallam tribe, remarked, "I probably won't see it, but my grandchildren and great-grandchildren probably will." The first link will take interested parties to an excellent special report from the Seattle Times on this massive project. The site includes interviews, planning documents, blogs, and first-hand reporting. The second link will take users to a piece by Rocky Barker from this Monday's Idaho Statesman about the tribal presence at these recent celebrations for the dam removal project. The third link will take users to a piece from this Monday's Houston Chronicle about the ongoing battle between wild-fish advocates in Washington and those who want to use hatchery fish to restock the Elwha River. Moving along, the fourth link leads to a post from the New York Times' "Green" blog about the dam removal project by Sean Patrick Farrell. The fifth link leads to the National Park Service website about the Elwha River Restoration. It includes official planning documents and a set of webcams for a first-hand look at the project. The final link leads to a fine digital collection from the University of Washington which offers photographs and other documents that tell the story of logging on the Olympic Peninsula.

Grinnell, Max

2011-09-23

411

The western extension of the Seattle fault: new insights from seismic reflection data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seismic reflection profiling across the Seattle fault west of Puget Sound, western Washington State, reveals near-surface deformation as far west as Hood Canal. North of Green Mountain and in line with the trend of the Seattle fault, folding within late Pleistocene sediments and a deflected stream channel indicate active deformation. Here, we observe folding in late Pleistocene deposits overlying more

P. Karel; L. M. Liberty

2008-01-01

412

1990 Washington State directory of biomass energy facilities  

SciTech Connect

This second edition is an update of biomass energy production and use in Washington State for 1989. The purpose of this directory is to provide a listing of known biomass users within the state and some basic information about their facilities. The data can be helpful to persons or organizations considering the use of biomass fuels. The directory is divided into three sections of biomass facilities with each section containing a map of locations and a data summary table. In addition, a conversion table, a glossary and an index are provided in the back of the directory. The first section deals with biogas production from wastewater treatment plants. The second section provides information on the wood combustion facilities in the state. This section is subdivided into two categories. The first is for facilities connected with the forest products industries. The second category include other facilities using wood for energy. The third section is composed of three different types of biomass facilities -- ethanol, municipal solid waste, and solid fuel processing. Biomass facilities included in this directory produce over 64 trillion Btu (British thermal units) per year. Wood combustion facilities account for 91 percent of the total. Biogas and ethanol facilities each produce close to 800 billion Btu per year, MSW facilities produce 1845 billion BTU, and solid fuel processing facilities produce 2321 billion Btu per year. To put these numbers in perspective, Washington`s industrial section uses 200 trillion Btu of fuels per year. Therefore, biomass fuels used and/or produced by facilities listed in this directory account for nearly 32 percent of the state`s total industrial fuel demand. This is a sizable contribution to the state`s energy needs.

Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

1990-12-31

413

Space Radar Image of Washington D.C.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The city of Washington, D.C., is shown is this space radar image. Images like these are useful tools for urban planners and managers, who use them to map and monitor land use patterns. Downtown Washington is the bright area between the Potomac (upper center to lower left) and Anacostia (middle right) rivers. The dark cross shape that is formed by the National Mall, Tidal Basin, the White House and Ellipse is seen in the center of the image. Arlington National Cemetery is the dark blue area on the Virginia (left) side of the Potomac River near the center of the image. The Pentagon is visible in bright white and red, south of the cemetery. Due to the alignment of the radar and the streets, the avenues that form the boundary between Washington and Maryland appear as bright red lines in the top, right and bottom parts of the image, parallel to the image borders. This image is centered at 38.85 degrees north latitude, 77.05 degrees west longitude. North is toward the upper right. The area shown is approximately 29 km by 26 km (18 miles by 16 miles). Colors are assigned to different frequencies and polarizations of the radar as follows: Red is the L-band horizontally transmitted, horizontally received; green is the L-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received; blue is the C-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture (SIR-C/X-SAR) imaging radar when it flew aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on April 18, 1994. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program.

1994-01-01

414

Organics Verification Study for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Washington  

SciTech Connect

Sinclair and Dyes Inlets near Bremerton, Washington, are on the State of Washington 1998 303(d) list of impaired waters because of fecal coliform contamination in marine water, metals in sediment and fish tissue, and organics in sediment and fish tissue. Because significant cleanup and source control activities have been conducted in the inlets since the data supporting the 1998 303(d) listings were collected, two verification studies were performed to address the 303(d) segments that were listed for metal and organic contaminants in marine sediment. The Metals Verification Study (MVS) was conducted in 2003; the final report, Metals Verification Study for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Washington, was published in March 2004 (Kohn et al. 2004). This report describes the Organics Verification Study that was conducted in 2005. The study approach was similar to the MVS in that many surface sediment samples were screened for the major classes of organic contaminants, and then the screening results and other available data were used to select a subset of samples for quantitative chemical analysis. Because the MVS was designed to obtain representative data on concentrations of contaminants in surface sediment throughout Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, Port Orchard Passage, and Rich Passage, aliquots of the 160 MVS sediment samples were used in the analysis for the Organics Verification Study. However, unlike metals screening methods, organics screening methods are not specific to individual organic compounds, and are not available for some target organics. Therefore, only the quantitative analytical results were used in the organics verification evaluation. The results of the Organics Verification Study showed that sediment quality outside of Sinclair Inlet is unlikely to be impaired because of organic contaminants. Similar to the results for metals, in Sinclair Inlet, the distribution of residual organic contaminants is generally limited to nearshore areas already within the actively managed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility Superfund Site, where further source-control actions and monitoring are under way.

Kohn, Nancy P.; Brandenberger, Jill M.; Niewolny, Laurie A.; Johnston, Robert K.

2006-09-28

415

Movements, home range, and control of porcupines in western Washington.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Radio-telemetry was used to monitor the movements of 18 porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum) in typical west Cascase habitat near Mount St. Helens, Washington. Average linear movement ranged from 249 m in 24 hr to 1,585 m for periods of more than 30 days. The greatest linear movement was 31.1 km in 66 days. Average home range of animals tracked for 10 months or more was 83.5 hectares; the average range of males (106.6 hectares) exceeded that of females (81.2 hectares). Concentration of animals at den sites was not observed. Hunting porcupines with dogs is probably the most effective control measure.

Dodge, Wendell E.; Victor G. Barnes, Jr.

1975-01-01

416

Prehistoric rock avalanches in the Olympic Mountains, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Rock avalanches blocked streams in the Olympic Mountains southwest of Puget Sound during the past few thousand years. Limiting radiocarbon ages indicated that three or four of six avalanches occurred from 1000 to 1300 years ago or shortly thereafter. Most of the dates were from the outer preserved rings of trees drowned behind avalanche dams. These three or four avalanches may be coeval not only with one another but also with abrupt tectonic deformation in western Washington. No rock avalanches in the Olympic Mountains are known to have resulted from storms or earthquakes during the past century. The avalanches strengthen the case that a large prehistoric earthquake occurred in the Puget Sound region.

Schuster, R. L.; Logan, R. L.; Pringle, P. T.

1992-01-01

417

The Alzheimer Page: Washington University in St. Louis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alzheimer Disease Research Center server is provided by the Washington University Medical Center in St. Louis. It is hoped that professional and caregivers alike will find the gopher server useful in relaying information about Alzheimer disease and related dementias. This server contains a large number of links to WWW and Gopher material and houses the archives of the ALZHEIMER mailing list. Presently, there are nearly 500 professionals and caregivers who share their thoughts on this list which is over 1.5 years old.

1997-01-01

418

Tectonics and seismicity of the southern Washington Cascade range  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geophysical, geological, and seismicity data are combined to develop a transpressional strain model for the southern Washington Cascades region. We use this model to explain oblique fold and fault systems, transverse faults, and a linear seismic zone just west of Mt. Rainier known as the western Rainier zone. We also attempt to explain a concentration of earthquakes that connects the northwest-trending Mount St. Helens seismic zone to the north-trending western Rainier zone. Our tectonic model illustrates the pervasive effects of accretionary processes, combined with subsequent transpressive forces generated by oblique subduction, on Eocene to present crustal processes, such as seismicity and volcanism.

Stanley, W. D.; Johnson, S. Y.; Qamar, A. I.; Weaver, C. S.; Williams, J. M.

1996-01-01

419

Inventory of Glaciers in the North Cascades, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Perennial bodies of ice in the North Cascades having areas of at least 0.1 km2 (square kilometer) are tabulated and classified. The inventory, a contribution to the International Hydrological Decade, includes 756 glaciers, covering 267 km2, about half of the glacier area in the United States south of Alaska. Listings include each glacier's location, drainage basin, area, length, orientation, altitude, and classification as to form, source, surface, nature of terminus, and activity. These glaciers contribute annually about 800 million cubic meters of water to streamflow in the State of Washington.

Post, Austin; Richardson, Don; Tangborn, Wendell V.; Rosselot, F. L.

1971-01-01

420

Fluid-temperature logs for selected wells in eastern Washington  

SciTech Connect

This Open-File Report consists of fluid temperature logs compiled during studies of the geohydrology and low temperature geothermal resources of eastern Washington. The fluid temperature logs are divided into two groups. Part A consists of wells which are concentrated in the Moses Lake-Ritzville-Connell area. Full geophysical log suites for many of these wells are presented in Stoffel and Widness (1983) and discussed in Widness (1983, 1984). Part B consists of wells outside of the Moses Lake-Ritzville-Connell study area.

Stoffel, K.L.; Widness, S. (comps.)

1983-12-01

421

A history of Pacific Northwest earthquakes recorded in Holocene sediments from Lake Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large earthquakes can trigger slumping of the steep walls of lake basins and landslides in the drainage area, resulting in turbidite deposition in the lake and increased detrital flux from inlets. Holocene sediments in piston cores from Lake Washington contain a series of terrigenous layers that were episodically deposited in the lake. Sedimentological, geochemical, and paleomagnetic analyses on nine piston cores show that the detrital layers are temporally and areally correlatable, indicating basinwide disruptions. These layers are opaque on X-radiographs, are coincident with magnetic susceptibility peaks, have abundant aluminosilicate minerals, are relatively coarse grained, and have low organic carbon and biogenic silica contents. The thicknesses and geographic distributions of the layers suggest that they are not due to floods or delta destabilization. Side scan swath imagery and subbottom profiling show that large slumps, subaqueous landslides, and debris flows are common along the margins of the lake. A detailed chronology, established from 21 radiocarbon ages on five cores, show that a prominent turbidite was deposited about 1000-1100 years ago. This turbidite apparently was triggered by a large earthquake that probably occurred on the Seattle fault. Other depositional events in the sediment record at 1500-1700, 2400-2500, and 2800-3200 years ago coincide with periods of landsliding that have been previously inferred from the dating of drowned trees in the lake. More than 30 depositional events have occurred in the last 12,000 years and 21 disturbances have occurred since the deposition of the Mazama ash about 7,600 years ago. If all the events are due to earthquakes, the Puget Sound region has been subject to major shaking every 300 to 400 years. The strong intensities needed to trigger subaqueous slides may not be generated by just local sources such as the Seattle fault but could also be caused by great subduction earthquakes occurring along the coast.

Karlin, Robert E.; Abella, S. E. B.

1996-03-01

422

Education outreach programs at the Eastern Washington Section  

SciTech Connect

The Eastern Washington Section of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) has tried a number of different approaches to reach out to the local communities and to work alongside educators to increase their awareness of nuclear technology. Some of the programs that the authors have started may serve as examples for other sections in their outreach activities. The Eastern Washington Section of the ANS has an education committee coordinator who is assigned the task of working with high school and college students to increase the awareness of nuclear energy. The most effective approach that the authors have found to reach out to the area schools is to get directly involved with community activities that already interface with the schools and get to know the science teachers at the local schools. The Hanford project has a student internship program called ``Inquiry into Science``. The program allows students to work at Hanford for Science credits. Another program that the local section sponsors is grants to high schools to promote the awareness of nuclear technology. The local section has also worked alongside local community groups to increase nuclear science education. For years the authors have been active in the local science fair, providing awards to nuclear-related science projects. Other community events that the ANS has been involved in include the US Department of Energy Knowledge Bowl and National Engineers.

Schwarz, R.A. [Battelle, Richland, WA (United States)

1998-09-01

423

Fatal logging injuries in Washington state, 1977 to 1983.  

PubMed

The logging fatalities in Washington state during the years 1977 to 1983 were analyzed using death certificates and the investigations of the Washington Department of Labor and Industries. Each source identified more than 92% of the 135 fatalities. The annual injury mortality rate for logging was approximately 2/1,000 workers. Loggers were killed by falling trees in 34% of fatalities and by equipment in 24% of fatalities. None of the 12 men killed in vehicle rollovers were wearing seat belts. Risk was greatest for tree fellers and choker-setters. Risk was also greatest during the morning, during the first two days of the workweek, and during the month of June. Size of logging company was inversely related to risk of injury, with the smallest companies having mortality ratios ten times higher than the largest companies. The study suggests that routinely collected occupational data on injuries and employment can be combined to identify high-risk categories in specific industries and thereby target inspection activities or suggest new regulations addressing specific occupational hazards. PMID:3819888

Paulozzi, L J

1987-02-01

424

Estimated Domestic, Irrigation, and Industrial Water Use in Washington, 2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Since 1950, the U.S. Geological Survey has published a series of Circulars and other reports on the estimated use of water in the United States at 5-year intervals. This report presents State, regional, and county estimates of the amount of water used for domestic, irrigation, and industrial purposes in the State of Washington during the year 2000. Domestic water use was estimated to be 674 million gallons per day and the per-capita rate, 114 gallons per day. Crop-irrigation water use was estimated to be 3,005 million gallons per day and the application rate, 2.2 acre-feet per acre per year, or feet per year. Golf-course irrigation water use was estimated to be 23.6 million gallons per day and the application rate, 1.4 feet per year. Industrial water use was estimated to be 681 million gallons per day. Historically, these core categories account for about 92 percent of the estimated offstream water used in Washington.

Lane, R. C.

2004-01-01

425

Environmental cleanup: The challenge at the Hanford Site, Washington, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerous challenges face those involved with developing a coordinated and consistent approach to cleaning up the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Hanford Site in southeastern Washington. These challenges are much greater than those encountered when the site was selected and the world’s first nuclear complex was developed almost 50 years ago. This article reviews Hanford’s history, operations, waste storage/disposal activities, environmental monitoring, and today’s approach to characterize and clean up Hanford under a Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, signed by DOE, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Washington Sate Department of Ecology. Although cleanup of defense-related waste at Hanford holds many positive benefits, negative features include high costs to the US taxpayer, numerous uncertainties concerning the technologies to be employed and the risks involved, and the high probability that special interest groups and activists at large will never be completely satisfied. Issues concerning future use of the site, whether to protect and preserve its natural features or open it to public exploitation, remain to be resolved.

Gray, Robert H.; Becker, C. Dale

1993-07-01

426

The fishes of George Washington Carver National Monument, Missouri, 2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fish were collected at six sites at George Washington Carver National Monument by seining and electrofishing during a base-flow period on July 17-18, 2003. Approximately 700 fish were collected and identified at the six sampling sites. Those individuals represented 17 species (and 1 hybrid) and 13 genera. The number of species collected at the five stream sites ranged from 9 to 12; a hybrid sunfish and 4 species were collected from a pond. Fish collected at stream sites were typical of small headwater streams and no species collected in this study are federally-listed threatened or endangered species. The three most common species were the southern redbelly dace, central stoneroller, and green sunfish. Some differences existed between the assemblages (groups of species) collected in 2003 and in the previous inventories. Four of the 17 fish species collected in this inventory previously had not been collected at the monument. However, 11 species collected in one or more of the previous inventories were not collected in this effort. There is no indication that a change in environmental conditions is responsible for the absence of these species; more likely reasons are seasonal variability, extirpation, low population density, and misidentification. Four species collected at George Washington Carver National Monument may be of special interest to National Park Service managers and others. The cardinal shiner and stippled darter are endemic to the Ozark Plateaus. The Arkansas darter is considered a species of conservation concern by the State of Missouri. The grass carp is an introduced species.

Justus, B. G.; Petersen, James C.

2005-01-01

427

Deep long-period earthquakes beneath Washington and Oregon volcanoes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Deep long-period (DLP) earthquakes are an enigmatic type of seismicity occurring near or beneath volcanoes. They are commonly associated with the presence of magma, and found in some cases to correlate with eruptive activity. To more thoroughly understand and characterize DLP occurrence near volcanoes in Washington and Oregon, we systematically searched the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network (PNSN) triggered earthquake catalog for DLPs occurring between 1980 (when PNSN began collecting digital data) and October 2009. Through our analysis we identified 60 DLPs beneath six Cascade volcanic centers. No DLPs were associated with volcanic activity, including the 1980-1986 and 2004-2008 eruptions at Mount St. Helens. More than half of the events occurred near Mount Baker, where the background flux of magmatic gases is greatest among Washington and Oregon volcanoes. The six volcanoes with DLPs (counts in parentheses) are Mount Baker (31), Glacier Peak (9), Mount Rainier (9), Mount St. Helens (9), Three Sisters (1), and Crater Lake (1). No DLPs were identified beneath Mount Adams, Mount Hood, Mount Jefferson, or Newberry Volcano, although (except at Hood) that may be due in part to poorer network coverage. In cases where the DLPs do not occur directly beneath the volcanic edifice, the locations coincide with large structural faults that extend into the deep crust. Our observations suggest the occurrence of DLPs in these areas could represent fluid and/or magma transport along pre-existing tectonic structures in the middle crust. ?? 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Nichols, M. L.; Malone, S. D.; Moran, S. C.; Thelen, W. A.; Vidale, J. E.

2011-01-01

428

Patterns and mechanisms of phytoplankton variability in Lake Washington (USA).  

PubMed

Temporal variability in lake phytoplankton is controlled largely by a complex interplay between hydrodynamic and chemical factors, and food web interactions. We explored mechanisms underlying phytoplankton interannual variability in Lake Washington (USA), using a 25-yr time series of water quality data (1975-1999). Time-series analysis and PCA were used to decompose chlorophyll data into modes of variability. We found that phytoplankton dynamics in Lake Washington were characterized by four seasonal modes, each of which was associated with different ecological processes. The first mode coincided with the period when the system was light limited (January-March) and phytoplankton patterns were driven by the amount of available solar radiation. The second mode (April-June) coincided with the peak of the spring bloom and the subsequent decline of phytoplankton biomass, and was largely controlled by total phosphorus levels and grazing pressure from cladoceran zooplankton. Evidence of co-dependence and tight relationship between phytoplankton and cladoceran dynamics were also found from July to October when a large portion of the phosphorus supply in the mixed layer was provided by zooplankton excretion. The fourth mode (November-December) was associated with the transition to thermal and chemical homogeneity and the winter phytoplankton minima (2-2.5 microg/l). Finally, we examined the effects of meteorological forcing and large-scale oceanic climate fluctuations (ENSO and PDO) on phytoplankton dynamics and assessed the significance of their role on the interannual variability in the lake. PMID:15380991

Arhonditsis, George B; Winder, Monika; Brett, Michael T; Schindler, Daniel E

2004-11-01

429

Solar composition noble gases in the Washington County iron meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sample of the Washington County iron meteorite is analyzed for its light noble gases by a combustion technique in two steps at 1160 C. The ratio of trapped to spallogenic noble gases in the sample was high enough to allow the resolution of trapped and spallogenic components in both combustion steps. The He:Ne:Ar elemental ratios in the trapped component are comparable to present-day solar-wind ratios. The (Ne-20)/(Ne-22) ratio, while subject to some uncertainty due to possible variation in either the spallation or the trapped component between the two steps, is in the range 13.3 + or 0.5, also comparable to present-day solar wind. Unless the Washington County iron formed by some unique process in a solar-wind-irradiated regolith, the fact that the trapped gas is of solar composition has implications with regard to the compositional history of the solar wind, to conditions in the early solar nebula during grain formation or accretion, and to primordial helium in the earth.

Becker, R. H.; Pepin, R. O.

1984-01-01

430

Standard Giant Branches in the Washington Photometric System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have obtained CCD photometry in the Washington system C, T(sub 1) filters for some 850,000 objects associated with 10 Galactic globular clusters and 2 old open clusters. These clusters have well-known metal abundances, spanning a metallicity range of 2.5 dex from [Fe/H] approx -2.25 to +0.25 at a spacing of approx. 0.2 dex. Two independent observations were obtained for each cluster and internal checks, as well as external comparisons with existing photoelectric photometry, indicate that the final colors and magnitudes have overall uncertainties of 0.03 mag. Analogous to the method employed by Da Costa and Armandroff for V, I photometry , we then proceed to construct standard ((M(sub T),(C - T(sub 1))(sub 0)) giant branches for these clusters adopting the Lee et distance scale, using some 350 stars per globular cluster to define the giant branch. We then determine the metallicity sensitivity of the ((C - T(sub 1))(sub 0) color at a given M((sub T)(sub 1)) value. The Washington system technique is found to have three times the metallicity sensitivity of the V, I technique. At M((sub T)(sub 1)) = -2 (about a magnitude below the tip of the giant branch, roughly equivalent to M(sub I) = -3), the giant branches of 47 Tuc and M15 are separated by 1.16 magnitudes in (V - l)(sub 0) and only 0.38 magnitudes in (V - I)(sub 0). Thus, for a given photometric accuracy, metallicities can be determined three times more precisely with the Washington technique. We find a linear relationship between (C - T(sub l)(sub 0) (at M(sub T)(sub 1) = -2) and metallicity exists over the full metallicity range, with an rms of only 0.04 dex. We also derive metallicity calibrations for M(sub T)(sub 1) = -2.5 and -1.5, as well as for two other metallicity scales. The Washington technique retains almost the same metallicity sensitivity at faint magnitudes , and indeed the standard giant branches are still well separated even below the horizontal branch. The photometry is used to set upper limits in the range 0.03 - 0.09 dex for any intrinsic metallicity dispersion in the calibrating clusters. The calibrations are applicable to objects with ages approx. greater than 5 Gyr - any age effects are small or negligible for such objects. This new technique is found to have many advantages over the old two-color diagram technique for deriving metallicities from Washington photometry. In addition to only requiring 2 filters instead of 3 or 4, the new technique is generally much less sensitive to reddening and photometric errors, and the metallicity sensitivity is many times higher. The new technique is especially advantageous for metal-poor objects. The five metal-poor clusters determined by Geisler et al., using the old technique, to be much more metal-poor than previous indications, yield metallicities using the new technique which are in excellent agreement with the Zinn scale.

Geisler, Doug; Sarajedini, Ata

1998-01-01

431

Results of the 1988 geothermal gradient test drilling project for the State of Washington  

SciTech Connect

During late summer and early fall of 1988, the Washington Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Earth Resources (DGER) completed drilling eight shallow geothermal gradient test wells in the southern Washington Cascade Range. This report describes the preliminary results of the 1988 drilling and gradient measuring, and summarizes our current perspectives on distribution and magnitude of the geothermal resource potential in the southern Washington Cascades. 18 refs., 11 figs., 11 tabs.

Barnett, D.B.; Korosec, M.A.

1989-05-01

432

Investigating crustal structure in western Washington and in the Rocky Mountains: Implications for seismic hazards and crustal growth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation consists of two seismic studies, one in western Washington State and one in the Rocky Mountains. The study in western Washington State is one component of the SHIPS (Seismic Hazards Investigations of Puget Sound) experiments, a continuing effort to define Cenozoic basin and fault geometry beneath the densely populated Puget Lowland. In September 1999, the U.S. Geological Survey and a number of university collaborators collected the "Dry" SHIPS seismic profile across the Seattle basin of western Washington State. The objectives of the "Dry" SHIPS study were to define the geometry of the Seattle basin in an E-W direction and to determine the structure of the eastern and western boundaries of the basin. In addition, the experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that N-S trending faults lie beneath Puget Sound or the adjacent Lowland. One of these faults may form the eastern boundary of the Siletz terrane. The "Dry" SHIPS data are characterized by travel time advances associated with the Siletz terrane to the west and the Cascades to the east and by delays of as much as 2 s in the Seattle basin. The study in the Rocky Mountains is one component of the Continental Dynamics-Rocky Mountains Project (CD-RoM '99), a collaborative interdisciplinary study involving 14 American universities and the University of Karlsruhe, Germany that focuses on Precambrian features and their effects on Phanerozoic deformation. One of the major field efforts in the CD-RoM project took place during August, 1999. The University of Texas at El Paso and the University of Karlsruhe, with the assistance of several other institutions, collected data along a ˜950 km long seismic refraction/wide-angle reflection profile extending from Fort Sumner, New Mexico to the Gas Hills, Wyoming. Station spacing was nominally 800 m using ˜600 instruments during two deployments. Eleven shots were fired ranging in size from 167.2--4540.9 kg and were nominally spaced at ˜100 km intervals along the profile. The profile crosses major structural features of the continent including the Jemez lineament, the Colorado mineral belt, and the Cheyenne belt (a prominent Proterozoic suture). (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Snelson, Catherine Mary

2001-07-01

433

75 FR 28851 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

2010-05-24

434

75 FR 65706 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington State  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington State AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

2010-10-26

435

76 FR 53706 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

2011-08-29

436

76 FR 55459 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in Washington AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

2011-09-07

437

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington). Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

438

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington) Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

439

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington). Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

440

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

441

The Landscape Architect's Guide to Washington, D.C.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To take a trip through Washington, D.C. is altogether marvelous. To take a trip through this fair city through the eyes of expert landscape architects is even better. This fine online publication is offered to the public by the good folks at the American Society of Landscape Architects. Visitors can make their way through different neighborhoods, including the National Mall, Capitol Hill, Georgetown, and Dupont Circle. The U Street section should not be missed, as it includes profiles of Howard University's Quadrangle and the African American Civil War Memorial. Each entry here includes photographs, external website links, information about nearby public transportation options, and narrative descriptions. It's truly a unique resource and one that can be part of an excellent visit to the District.

2012-01-01

442

Truly intensive clinical ethics immersion at the Washington Hospital Center.  

PubMed

Opportunities for practical, hospital-based training in those skills demanded by clinical ethics consultation (CEC) have been limited. Given the number of individuals who provide part-time CEC, greater access to condensed, practical training such as the clinical ethics immersion course offered by the Washington Hospital Center, is necessary. Two participants in the initial cohort evaluate their CE training at a busy, urban referral center, exploring prior expectations, perceptions of its utility and suggestions for improvement. Such training will prove valuable not only for bioethicists who lack practical CEC experience "at the bedside" but also for ethics consultants whose ethics services have a low consult volume who wish to sharpen their skills. PMID:22822703

Church, Christopher L; Arawi, Thalia

2012-01-01

443

GOAT ROCKS WILDERNESS AND ADJACENT ROADLESS AREAS, WASHINGTON.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Goat Rocks Wilderness and adjacent roadless areas are a rugged, highly forested, scenic area located on the crest of the Cascade Range in south-central Washington. Several mineral claims have been staked in the area. Mineral surveys were conducted. Geochemical, geophysical, and geologic investigations indicate that three areas have probable mineral-resource potential for base metals in porphyry-type deposits. Available data are not adequate to permit definition of the potential for oil and gas. There is little likelihood for the occurrence of other kinds of energy resources in the area. Evaluation of resource potential in the three areas identified as having probable mineral-resource potential could be improved by more detailed geochemical studies and geologic mapping.

Church, S. E.; Close, T. J.

1984-01-01

444

Strontium isotopes in some Cenozoic lavas from Oregon and Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 87Sr/86Sr ratios have been determined in 22 volcanic rocks from Oregon and Washington. The emphasis of the study was on andesites and dacites, but several basalts were included. Most of the samples have a very limited range in strontium isotopic composition and all fall within variations previously defined for oceanic basalts. There are no systematic differences between lavas erupted through the pre-Cenozoic basement and those erupted in the Columbia River Embayment. It is concluded that the role played by crustal rocks in the generation of these andesites and dacites is minor or nonexistent, but assimiliation of crustal material may have been a factor for some of the basalts of the Columbia River Group. ?? 1970.

Hedge, C. E.; Hildreth, R. A.; Henderson, W. T.

1970-01-01

445

3. View of the mouth of George Washington's 'Potowmack' Canal ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of the mouth of George Washington's 'Potowmack' Canal at the Great Falls of the Potomac River. The view is taken from a rock in the Potomac River looking up into the Canal. Trees and dense growth now fill the old aperture which once permitted barges to come down the Ohio Valley onto the broad expanse of the Potomac River. This view, taken September 1, 1943, evidences the very low water then existing on the Potomac River, as is clearly shown by the water marks on the rocks on the left hand side of the photograph. That portion where the individual is standing, up to the height of his hat, is normally underwater. Deep in the sand at this spot was found a part of one of the old hand brought lock hinges which formerly swung the first lock gates ... - Potowmack Company: Great Falls Canal, Locks No. 3, 4, 5, Great Falls, Fairfax County, VA

446

University of Washington: Center for Engineering, Learning, and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington's Center for Engineering, Learning, and Teaching (CELT) works on a range of projects designed to enhance and improve the world of engineering education. The Research area of the site includes information on CELT's research agenda, which is focused on student knowledge retention and the integration of research and teaching. After reading about this work, visitors should head on over to the Publications area. In this area, visitors can read some of CELT's referred journal articles and look over a few presentations. Additionally, visitors can learn more about the Center's funding sources on the site, along with reading about the staff members who make the Center a vibrant place. Finally, the site includes a list of links to like-minded research institutes committed to improving engineering education.

2012-07-20

447

Pythium abappressorium--a new species from eastern Washington.  

PubMed

A new species of Pythium isolated from wheat and apple roots in eastern Washington is described. Pythium abappressorium sp. nov. is characterized by abundant appressoria. Plerotic oospores and sporangia are formed from the appressoria and remnants of the appressoria remain attached to the base of sporangia at maturity. Smaller appressorial swellings, reminiscent of hyphal swellings, are also formed within the appressoria. Pythium abappressorium is pathogenic to wheat, causing damping-off and stunting, but is not pathogenic to apples. The fungus can grow in the temperature range 5 to 30 C, with an optimum of 20 C. The sequence of the ITS1 region of the rDNA did not match the sequences from a worldwide collection of over 1200 isolates, including types and neotypes, suggesting that this species has not been previously described. PMID:21156591

Paulitz, Timothy C; Adams, Karen; Mazzola, Mark

2003-01-01

448

Washington Double Star Catalog Cross Index (1950 position sort)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A machine-readable version of the Washington Catalog of Visual Double Stars (WDS) was prepared in 1984 on the basis of a data file that was collected and maintained for more than a century by a succession of double-star observers. Although this catalog is being continually updated, a new copy for distribution is not expected to be available for a few years. The WDS contains DM numbers, but many of these are listed only in the notes, which makes it difficult to search for double-star information, except by position. Hence, a cross index that provides complete DM identifications is desirable, and it appears useful to add HD numbers for systems in that catalog. Aitken Double Star (ADS) numbers were retained from the WDS, but no attempt was made to correct these except for obvious errors.

1993-01-01

449

University of Washington, Nuclear Physics Laboratory annual report, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington supports a broad program of experimental physics research. The current program includes in-house research using the local tandem Van de Graff and superconducting linac accelerators and non-accelerator research in double beta decay and gravitation as well as user-mode research at large accelerator and reactor facilities around the world. This book is divided into the following areas: nuclear astrophysics; neutrino physics; nucleus-nucleus reactions; fundamental symmetries and weak interactions; accelerator mass spectrometry; atomic and molecular clusters; ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions; external users; electronics, computing, and detector infrastructure; Van de Graff, superconducting booster and ion sources; nuclear physics laboratory personnel; degrees granted for 1994--1995; and list of publications from 1994--1995.

NONE

1995-04-01

450

The Washington File for Middle East and North Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new email list from the US Department of State's Office of International Information Programs, the Washington File for Middle East and North Africa offers email reports about US policies in the Middle East and North Africa. Mostly transcripts, excerpts, and text statements, the materials provided should give interested users primary source knowledge of US State Department positions, unfiltered by newspapers or other media. Each report has a summary list of all enclosed topics, making browsing much quicker and easier, especially considering the amount of information that some reports provide. Two examples of issues covered by the report are: "Transcript: Rumsfeld Sees Progress Toward Afghan National Army" and "Text: U.S. Sees No Credible Evidence of Ukraine Arms Transfers to Iraq." Interested readers should note that, while never unnecessary, a lot of information is provided, meaning that it could take some time to sort through all material in each report.

451

Stromgren & Washington Photometry of dSph Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the APO 3.5-m telescope, we have investigated the metallicity and age distributions of the dwarf spheroidal systems, Bootes I, CVn II, UMa II and Bootes II using a combination of Washington and Stromgren colors and indices. Our data shows that Bootes I and UMa II have a spread in [Fe/H] > 1 dex, using the red giant branch and the main sequence turn-off. Previous photometry and spectroscopy of the RGB stars in Bootes I have shown a spread in [Fe/H], but the use of the m1-index allows us to break the age-metallicity degeneracy and investigate the star formation history of these dark matter-dominated systems.

Hughes, Joanne D.

2009-05-01

452

Modeling and analysis of the 1949 Narrows landslide, Tacoma, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A large landslide failed catastrophically along steep, 90-m (300-ft) high bluffs overlooking the waters of Puget Sound at Tacoma, Washington, in April of 1949, three days after the region was struck by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. The area of failure was investigated to estimate the static and seismic stability of the pre-earthquake slope and to identify factors that contributed to the failure. Comparison of predicted displacements with a reported displacement suggests that the ground motion could have initiated the large-scale failure. Results of the study provide a basis for discussion and comparison of similar bluffs in the Pugent Sound region that may be susceptible to catastrophic, earthquake-induced slope failure. -Author

Chleborad, A. F.

1994-01-01

453

County portraits of Washington state. Forest Service general technical report  

SciTech Connect

The publication provides a general picture of the population, economy, and natural resources of the counties in Washington State. The intent of this report is to provide insight to changes in a county over the last 10 to 20 years, to compare county trends to statewide trends (and state trends to national trends), and to provide information on all the counties in a similar format. The report provides a context and a place to start in examining social and economic trends and conditions, and the importance of natural resources locally. In addition, technical notes for each data series follow the last county profile so that it is clear what is included, how estimates were made, and when cation is advised in using the data. Data sources are provided for readers interested in obtaining raw data or updated data.

McGinnis, W.J.; Phillips, R.H.; Raettig, T.L.; Connaughton, K.P.

1997-04-01

454

Examples of sequential radar images from Washington, Arizona and Alaska  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Radar image time sequences of three areas were obtained to illustrate the capability for change detection over time intervals that range from two to fourteen years. The image sequences show geomorphic changes caused by volcanic eruption at Mount St. Helens, Washington, changes that have resulted from mining activities in the Sierrita Mining District, Arizona, and differences in the Ikpikpuk River drainage area, Alaska, that are mostly dependent on imaging system characteristics. Enhancement, suppression or distortion of features on the images are related in each case to interaction between the illumination geometry of the imaging system and the characteristics of the terrane surface. The radar images are contrasted with Landsat multispectral scanner images to illustrate the importance of resolution and shadowing for feature perception.

Ford, J. P.; Rebillard, PH.

1982-01-01

455

1. Remnants of the last lock on the George Washington ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Remnants of the last lock on the George Washington 'Potowmack Canal, just before the barge entered the Potomac River. The latter can be seen through the foliage of the tree which has grown up in the old canal bed. On the left hand side of the photograph, not shown here in its entirety, are the old iron studdings which held the gates, to permit the barges to pass easily into the river. On the right hand side of the photograph is shown the crumbling remains of the lock with their receased oval space clearly shown, into which the lock gate retrieved when the barge was lowered to the next level. The depth from the spot where the individual is shown pointing to the top of the lock, is about 24 or 25 ft., and the canal has been filled up with broken ... - Potowmack Company: Great Falls Canal, Locks No. 3, 4, 5, Great Falls, Fairfax County, VA

456

1994 Washington State directory of Biomass Energy Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth edition of the Washington Directory of Biomass Energy Facilities, the first edition was published in 1987. The purpose of this directory is to provide a listing of and basic information about known biomass producers and users within the state to help demonstrate the importance of biomass energy in fueling our state`s energy needs. In 1992 (latest statistical year), estimates show that the industrial sector in Washington consumed nearly 128 trillion Btu of electricity, nearly 49.5 trillion Btu of petroleum, over 82.2 trillion Btu of natural gas, and over 4.2 trillion Btu of coal. Facilities listed in this directory generated approximately 114 trillion Btu of biomass energy - 93 trillion were consumed from waste wood and spent chemicals. In the total industrial energy picture, wood residues and chemical cooking liquors placed second only to electricity. This directory is divided into four main sections biogas production, biomass combustion, ethanol production, and solid fuel processing facilities. Each section contains maps and tables summarizing the information for each type of biomass. Provided in the back of the directory for reference are a conversion table, a table of abbreviations, a glossary, and an index. Chapter 1 deals with biogas production from both landfills and sewage treatment plants in the state. Biogas produced from garbage and sewage can be scrubbed and used to generate electricity. At the present time, biogas collected at landfills is being flared on-site, however four landfills are investigating the feasibility of gas recovery for energy. Landfill biogas accounted for approximately 6 percent of the total biomass reported. Sewage treatment biogas accounted for 0.6 percent. Biogas generated from sewage treatment plants is primarily used for space and process heat, only one facility presently scrubs and sells methane. Together, landfill and sewage treatment plant biogas represented over 6.6 percent of the total biomass reported.

Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

1994-03-01

457

1990 Washington State directory of biomass energy facilities  

SciTech Connect

This second edition is an update of biomass energy production and use in Washington State for 1989. The purpose of this directory is to provide a listing of known biomass users within the state and some basic information about their facilities. The data can be helpful to persons or organizations considering the use of biomass fuels. The directory is divided into three sections of biomass facilities with each section containing a map of locations and a data summary table. In addition, a conversion table, a glossary and an index are provided in the back of the directory. The first section deals with biogas production from wastewater treatment plants. The second section provides information on the wood combustion facilities in the state. This section is subdivided into two categories. The first is for facilities connected with the forest products industries. The second category include other facilities using wood for energy. The third section is composed of three different types of biomass facilities -- ethanol, municipal solid waste, and solid fuel processing. Biomass facilities included in this directory produce over 64 trillion Btu (British thermal units) per year. Wood combustion facilities account for 91 percent of the total. Biogas and ethanol facilities each produce close to 800 billion Btu per year, MSW facilities produce 1845 billion BTU, and solid fuel processing facilities produce 2321 billion Btu per year. To put these numbers in perspective, Washington's industrial section uses 200 trillion Btu of fuels per year. Therefore, biomass fuels used and/or produced by facilities listed in this directory account for nearly 32 percent of the state's total industrial fuel demand. This is a sizable contribution to the state's energy needs.

Deshaye, J.A.; Kerstetter, J.D.

1990-01-01

458

The Church Mountain Sturzstrom (Mega-Landslide), Glacier, Washington  

SciTech Connect

Detailed investigation of an ancient sturzstrom or mega-landslide near Glacier, Washington has revealed it areal extent, approximate volume, age, geomorphology, source area, and possible causes. Stratigraphic and lithologic investigations indicate Church Mountain as the source area; therefore, this mega-landslide has been named the Church Mountain Sturzstrom (CMS). The CMS deposit is approximately 9 km in length, averages about 1 km in width, and has an estimated volume of 3 [times] 10[sup 8] m[sup 3]. Characteristics of the morphology and stratigraphy of the CMS deposit are suggestive of a sturzstrom origin, and may be indicative of sturzstrom elsewhere in the world. The overall stratigraphy of the deposit mimics the stratigraphy of the source area. The deposit is very compact, poorly sorted, matrix supported, and composed of highly angular clasts. Over steepening of the mountain due to glacial erosion may have contributed to the cause of failure, although the age of the CMS is at least 7,000 years younger than deglaciation. Four trees were C[sup 14] dated, yielding ages of about 2,700 B.P. for the CMS. Several other mega-landslides have been identified within 5--30 km of the CMS. The close proximity of these mega-landslides to the CMS suggests the possibility that they may have been triggered by an earthquake, although the ages of the other slides are currently unknown. The age of the CMS correlates approximately with age ranges of co-seismic events occurring along the west coast of Washington, further suggesting the possibility of an earthquake triggering mechanism.

Carpenter, M.R.; Easterbrook, D.J. (Western Washington Univ., Bellingham, WA (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1993-04-01

459

The 1980-1982 Geothermal Resource Assessment Program in Washington  

SciTech Connect

Since 1978, the Division of Geology and Earth Resources of the Washington Department of Natural Resources has participated in the U.S. Department of Energy's (USDOE) State-Coupled Geothermal Resource Program. Federal and state funds have been used to investigate and evaluate the potential for geothermal resources, on both a reconnaissance and area-specific level. Preliminary results and progress reports for the period up through mid-1980 have already been released as a Division Open File Report (Korosec, Schuster, and others, 1981). Preliminary results and progress summaries of work carried out from mid-1980 through the end of 1982 are presented in this report. Only one other summary report dealing with geothermal resource investigations in the state has been published. An Information Circular released by the Division (Schuster and others, 1978) compiled the geology, geochemistry, and heat flow drilling results from a project in the Indian Heaven area in the south Cascades. The previous progress report for the geothermal program (Korosec, Schuster, and others, 1981) included information on temperature gradients measured throughout the state, heat flow drilling in the southern Cascades, gravity surveys for the southern Cascades, thermal and mineral spring investigations, geologic mapping for the White Pass-Tumac Mountain area, and area specific studies for the Camas area of Clark County and Mount St. Helens. This work, along with some additional studies, led to the compilation of the Geothermal Resources of Washington map (Korosec, Kaler, and others, 1981). The map is principally a nontechnical presentation based on all available geothermal information, presented as data points, tables, and text on a map with a scale of 1:500,000.

Korosec, Michael A.; Phillips, William M.; Schuster, J.Eric

1983-08-01

460

Generalization of stream-temperature data in Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The effect of water temperature on the ecosystem of streams necessitates an analysis of various physical characteristics that influence stream temperatures. This study was conducted to determine (1) the effective relations that define site-to-site variation in stream temperatures, (2) equations and methods to estimate stream temperatures at sites where little or no data are now available, and (3) a procedure to evaluate the effect of water impoundment on natural stream temperatures. Statistical multiple-regression analyses were used to develop equations for relations between stream temperatures and topographic and climatic characteristics of the drainage basins. Multiple-regression techniques, generally, produced more accurate equations for estimating temperatures of streams in western Washington than for those in eastern Washington. A standard error of estimate was used to show how precisely stream temperatures may be defined by air-temperature and topographic drainage-basin characteristics. Of 24 original parameters tested, 15 were found effective to determine the equations of one or more of the 15 stream-temperature characteristics. Effects of holding reservoirs on downstream water temperatures may be evaluated by the use of harmonic curves of probable maximum and minimum stream temperatures. By examples, it was shown that (1) below a hydroelectric-power dam winter-minimum river temperatures were raised and occur 9 days later than they would under natural conditions; and (2) below a flood-control dam, which also augments natural flows during low-flow periods, summer-minimum river temperatures were raised and occur 4 days earlier than they would under natural conditions.

Collings, M. R.

1973-01-01

461

History of smoking from the Washington State death certificate.  

PubMed

Beginning in 1988, a question added to the Washington State death certificate asked whether the decedent had smoked during the last 15 years of life. We analyzed death certificate data to evaluate the effectiveness of this question in identifying groups with high smoking rates and occupations with high rates of respiratory disease death among nonsmokers. We obtained statistical death certificate data from the Washington State Department of Health for resident deaths occurring between 1988 and 1991. Analyses included information on age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, underlying cause of death, high school graduation, smoking during the last 15 years of life, and occupation. Based on logistic regression analysis, we found that male sex, youth, divorced status, or death from lung cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease, or ischemic heart disease predicted a higher risk of smoking during the last 15 years of life. Hispanic ethnicity, single or widowed status, high school graduation, or death from breast cancer, diabetes, motor vehicle accidents, other accidents, or homicide predicted a lower risk of smoking. In farming occupations, there was an excess number of chronic obstructive lung disease deaths among nonsmokers. Findings from this study suggest that patterns of smoking during the last 15 years of life among decedents can provide useful public health surveillance information. The collection of risk factor information, such as smoking, should be recommended for the U.S. standard death certificate. Questions on smoking should be both simple and answerable by informants who may not have known the decedent for a lifetime. Additional studies on the accuracy of smoking history from the death certificate should be conducted. PMID:7880552

Frost, F; Tollestrup, K; Starzyk, P

1994-01-01

462

Utility of aeromagnetic studies for mapping of potentially active faults in two forearc basins: Puget Sound, Washington, and Cook Inlet, Alaska  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-resolution aeromagnetic surveys over forearc basins can detect faults and folds in weakly magnetized sed-iments, thus providing geologic constraints on tectonic evolution and improved understanding of seismic hazards in convergent-margin settings. Puget Sound, Washington, and Cook Inlet, Alaska, provide two case histories. In each lowland region, shallow-source magnetic anomalies are related to active folds and/or faults. Mapping these structures is critical for understanding seismic hazards that face the urban regions of Seattle, Washington, and Anchorage, Alaska. Similarities in aeromagnetic anomaly patterns and magnetic stratigraphy between the two regions suggest that we can expect the aeromagnetic method to yield useful structural information that may contribute to earth-hazard and energy resource investigations in other forearc basins.

Saltus, R. W.; Blakely, R. J.; Haeussler, P. J.; Wells, R. E.

2005-08-01

463

Utility of aeromagnetic studies for mapping of potentially active faults in two forearc basins: Puget Sound, Washington, and Cook Inlet, Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

High-resolution aeromagnetic surveys over forearc basins can detect faults and folds in weakly magnetized sediments, thus providing geologic constraints on tectonic evolution and improved understanding of seismic hazards in convergent-margin settings. Puget Sound, Washington, and Cook Inlet, Alaska, provide two case histories. In each lowland region, shallow-source magnetic anomalies are related to active folds and/or faults. Mapping these structures is critical for understanding seismic hazards that face the urban regions of Seattle, Washington, and Anchorage, Alaska. Similarities in aeromagnetic anomaly patterns and magnetic stratigraphy between the two regions suggest that we can expect the aeromagnetic method to yield useful structural information that may contribute to earth-hazard and energy resource investigations in other forearc basins.

Saltus, R. W.; Blakely, R. J.; Haeussler, P. J.; Wells, R. E.

2005-01-01

464

Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections associated with drinking unpasteurized commercial apple juice--British Columbia, California, Colorado, and Washington, October 1996.  

PubMed

On October 30, 1996, the Seattle-King County Department of Public Health and the Washington State Department of Health reported an outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections epidemiologically associated with drinking Odwalla brand unpasteurized apple juice or Odwalla juice mixtures containing apple juice from a coffee shop chain, grocery stores, or other locations. A case was defined as hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) or a stool culture yielding E. coli O157:H7 in a person who became ill after September 30, 1996, and drank Odwalla juice within 10 days before illness onset. As of November 6, British Columbia, California, Colorado, and Washington had reported a total of 45 cases. PMID:8965797

1996-11-01

465

Chemical and Geochemical Studies off the Coast of Washington. Report of Progress, September 1976--August 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Progress is reported on a series of marine chemical and geochemical investigations involving both laboratory studies and field studies off the coast of Washington. Most of the field work the past few years has been on the Washington continental shelf, slo...

R. Carpenter

1977-01-01

466

77 FR 33456 - Public Water Supply Supervision Program; Program Revision for the State of Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Notice is hereby given that the State of Washington has revised its approved State Public Water Supply Supervision Primacy Program. Washington has adopted regulations analogous to EPA's Lead and Copper Short-Term Regulatory Revisions and Clarifications Rule. EPA has determined that these revisions are no less stringent than the corresponding federal regulations. Therefore, EPA intends to approve......

2012-06-06

467

Facing the Rising Sun: A History of Black Educators in Washington, DC, 1800-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 50 years after the monumental decision of "Brown v. Board of Education," many U.S. schools remain separate and unequal. This includes schools in the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. The article discusses how in the two centuries of public education in Washington, D.C., Black educators used a variety of subversive tactics to educate their…

Frederick, Rona M.; View, Jenice L.

2009-01-01

468

Our Nation's Capital: Activities and Projects for Learning about Washington, DC. Grades 2-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource book provides facts and activities about Washington, D.C., the nation's capital. The book introduces the structure and functions of government and connects the study of Washington's key places, people, and purposes to students' own communities. The activities are interdisciplinary and accommodate different ability levels and learning…

Russell, Elizabeth F.

469

The Location Decisions and Operations of High Technology Organizations in Washington State  

Microsoft Academic Search

HAUG P. (1991) The location decisions and operations of high technology organizations in Washington State, Reg. Studies25, 525–541. Numerous studies exist on high technology industry regional development theories, location decisions, and agglomerations in the United States, but no major research has studied Washington State, which represents a leading high technology region. This paper presents findings from a mail survey of

Peter Haug

1991-01-01

470

Washington Readies for High School Exit Exam: State Already Enacted Various Alternatives to Passing Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author reports that sophomores who take the Washington Assessment of Student Learning this week will be the first who must pass the state exam to graduate. The long-awaited testing has caused anxiety across the state, as hopes that Washington will enter a new era of educational accountability are balanced by fears of turmoil…

Trotter, Andrew

2006-01-01

471

The Equal Rights Amendment in Washington State: An Analysis and Interpretation of Voting Patterns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was undertaken in Washington state to investigate voting behavior on the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which was approved by Washington state voters in 1972. Specifically, research objectives were to determine who was for or against the ERA, to assess the nature of objections to the ERA, and to consider implications of the ERA for family…

Gecas, Viktor; And Others

472

The Real Facts of Life for Children of Color in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the conditions of children of color in the state of Washington, with statistics about economic support, health, and safety. Comments from leaders of color and other true stories help explain the situations reflected by the numerical data. It is important to note that most children of color in Washington live in solid families…

Washington Univ., Seattle. Human Services Policy Center.

473

Characteristics of Ozone in the Baltimore-Washington Area: 1-Hour Average Concentrations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was develop a 15-year climatology (1981-1995) for the 1-hour diurnal maximum ozone concentration (DMOC) at the surface for the Baltimore-Washington area. The area was divided into four regions: Baltimore, Washington, non-urban Ma...

F. M. Vukovich R. Wayland

1998-01-01

474

Pragmatism and Progressivism in the Educational Thought and Practices of Booker T. Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this article asserts that African-American author and educator Booker T. Washington's work situates him within the educational traditions of pragmatism and progressivism. The article uncovers some of Washington's hidden complexity by drawing upon and extending arguments for labeling him both an educational pragmatist and…

Chennault, Ronald E.

2013-01-01

475

The Future of Washington's Branch Campuses. HECB Report on Branch Campus Development Plans-HB 2707  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Washington's research university branch campuses were created in 1989 to increase opportunities for students in several regions of the state to complete their baccalaureate and graduate-level studies at public universities close to their homes. Currently, the University of Washington operates branch campuses in Bothell and Tacoma. The Bothell…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2005

2005-01-01

476

Appraising a post-Washington paradigm: What Professor Rodrik means by policy reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay critically reviews an important new school of thought in the ‘post-Washington’ era, that of Professor Dani Rodrik and his collaborators. The review first provides some background on the substantive differences between the Washington Consensus and more heterodox development paradigms, such as Robert Wade's East Asian revisionism. The paper then outlines Rodrik's own developmental vision, which could be termed

Derek Headey

2009-01-01

477

Collection Development Policy: Federal Government Publications at Eastern Washington University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection development policy serves as a guide for the selection and retention of depository government documents by the Government Publications Unit of the Kennedy Memorial Library of Eastern Washington University (EWU) in Cheney, Washington. The library selects approximately 65 percent of the depository items distributed by the U.S.…

Roselle, Ann; Chan, Karen

478

Making Standards Meaningful: High School Reform Efforts in Washington State. Making Standards Work, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 10th grade Washington Assessment of Student Learning, researchers selected 26 high schools across the state of Washington that had made greater gains in school improvement than other schools serving similar populations of students. Interviews were held with the principals of these schools and with 13 comparison schools that had…

Taggart, Sara

479

Heavy metal concentrations in a lichen of Mt. Rainier and Olympic National Parks, Washington, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly assumed that the larger National Parks in the United States are pristine places which can provide baseline environmental conditions for comparisons with more developed areas. However, recently it has been recognized that many National Pars are threatened by atmospheric pollution. Until 1985, a copper smelter at Tacoma, Washington, 50 km northwest of Mount Rainier National Park, Washington

R. W. Frenzel; G. W. Witmer; E. E. Starkey

1990-01-01

480

Legislators Offer Plan to Gain Sex Equality in Washington State Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of sex equity in college athletics was brought to a head in 1987 in a decision by Washington state's Supreme Court in a case brought against Washington State University by former female athletes and coaches. To add two women's programs, the university asked the Legislature for additional money. (MLW)

Monaghan, Peter

1989-01-01

481

ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMICS OF WATER SUPPLY IN THE WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA  

EPA Science Inventory

As a result of a controversy arising over available water supply in the Washington Metropolitan Area, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, administrator for Region III, requested that a cost analysis of the water supply system in the Washington, D.C. area be made. The analys...

482

Professional Negotiations in the Washington State Community Colleges: A Database and Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides background information and recommendations for administrators pertaining to collective bargaining in the Washington State Community College System. It begins with a brief overview of the history of the laws and statutes relating to negotiations in the community colleges of Washington, followed by an inventory of the contents…

Perryman, Gerald; And Others

483

77 FR 72681 - Apricots Grown in Designated Counties in Washington; Decreased Assessment Rate  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subsequent fiscal periods from $1.50 to $0.50 per ton of Washington apricots handled...subsequent fiscal periods from $1.50 to $0.50 per ton of Washington apricots handled...recommended an assessment rate of $0.50 per ton of apricots. The...

2012-12-06

484

Washington Online Virtual Campus: Infusing Culture in Dispersed Web-Based Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Started in 1997, Washington Online Virtual Campus (WAOL) consists of a consortium of 34 community colleges around Washington State to provide asynchronous online learning. WAOL bears many of the features of a loosely coupled organization with its geographically dispersed frontline instructors, fragmented external environment, modularity of courses…

Hai-Jew, Shalin

2004-01-01

485

78 FR 57781 - Honoring the Victims of the Tragedy at the Washington Navy Yard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2013 Honoring the Victims of the Tragedy at the Washington Navy Yard By the President of the United States of America A Proclamation...violence perpetrated on September 16, 2013, at the Washington Navy Yard, by the authority vested in me as President of the United...

2013-09-19

486

A joint seismic and acoustic study of the Washington State bolide: Observations and modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 3 June 2004, a bolide was observed over British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. In addition to eyewitness accounts, the event was recorded on videotape and at ?100 seismometers located in Washington State and southern British Columbia. Seismic records are consistent with a terminal burst rather than the hypersonic shock of the meteors passage through the atmosphere. Arrival times

Stephen J. Arrowsmith; Douglas P. Drob; Michael A. H. Hedlin; Wayne Edwards

2007-01-01

487

77 FR 48431 - Safety Zone for Fireworks Display, Pamlico and Tar Rivers; Washington, NC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Fireworks Display, Pamlico and Tar Rivers; Washington, NC AGENCY: Coast Guard...temporary safety zone on the Pamlico and Tar Rivers, Washington, NC. This action is necessary...vessels from a portion of the Pamlico River and Tar River during Beaufort...

2012-08-14

488

P-20 Education Policy: School to College Transition Policy in Washington State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Washington State's attempt to move toward an integrated, P-20 system of education that enhances student transitions from high school to college. In analyzing Washington as a single case study, a profile of the state is developed on key access related characteristics. Data for this study were gathered utilizing fundamental case…

Pitre, Paul E.

2011-01-01

489

Inconsistent Funding and Use of Learning Resources in Western Washington State: A Case for Stratified Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to determine whether a direct relationship existed between funding models for ELL student learning resources in Western Washington and ELL student achievement in Reading as measured by the WASL. The literature review utilized information from Washington State's educational system as well as legal documents and…

Reigle, Rosemary R.

2007-01-01

490

Profiles in Excellence: Washington State. Using a Statewide Coalition to Transform Teaching through National Board Certification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, Washington State had 51,512 classroom teachers, but only 29 of them were National Board Certified Teachers (NBCTs). By 2009, the number of NBCTs in Washington had grown to 3,975--5th in the nation in total numbers, and 2nd in the nation in new teachers certifying that year. The state's successful strategy for increasing the number of…

National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 2010

2010-01-01

491

Washington State's Model and Programs: Applied Baccalaureate Degrees at Community and Technical Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama is calling for an increase in educational attainment among citizens of the United States (Obama, 2009). Prior to this national call, Washington State recognized the need to increase the educational attainment of its residents to maintain a globally competitive economy. By 2018, 67 percent of jobs in Washington will require a…

England-Siegerdt, Christy; Andreas, Michelle

2012-01-01

492

Predicting fish passage design flows at ungaged streams in eastern Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife recently established statewide guidelines for incorporating adult fish migration into culvert design. One of the design options requires an estimate of fish passage design flow for ungaged culvert sites. A new model is presented for estimating fish passage design flows at ungaged sites in Eastern Washington. The model is founded on a unique

Erik R. Rowland; Rollin H. Hotchkiss; Michael E. Barber

2003-01-01

493

2ND International Symposium on HIFU Therapy 'HIFU Seattle 2002'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This book is a compilation of papers presented at the 2nd International Symposium on Therapeutic Ultrasound, held in Seattle, Washington, July 29-August 1,2002. The Symposium attracted 200 participants from 14 different countries. A list of the author att...

L. A. Crum M. A. Andrew S. Vaezy

2002-01-01

494

Urban seismic experiments investigate Seattle Fault and Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, Earth scientists have recognized the seismic hazards that crustal faults and sedimentary basins pose to Seattle, Washington (Figure 1). In 1998, the US. Geological Survey and its collaborators initiated a series of urban seismic studies of the upper crust to better map seismogenic structures and sedimentary basins in the Puget Lowland. These studies are called the

Thomas M. Brocher; Thomas L. Pratt; Ken C. Creager; Robert S. Crosson; William P. Steele; Craig S. Weaver; Arthur D. Frankel; TrØhu Anne M; Catherine M. Snelson; Kate C. Miller; Steven H. Harder; Uri S. ten Brink

2000-01-01

495

Developing Tech Prep Guidance Programs. Seattle Tech Prep.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information on the strategies used by Seattle (Washington) Public Schools' counseling service and tech prep counselor to integrate the tech prep concept into comprehensive counseling activities. It begins with a rationale for tech prep and information on enrollment. These six strategies are then detailed: (1) appoint a…

Seattle Community Coll. District, Washington.

496

Geologic map of the Richland 1:100,000 quadrangle, Washington  

SciTech Connect

This map of the Richland 1:100,000-scale quadrangle, Washington, shows the geology of one of fifteen complete or partial 1:100,000-scale quadrangles that cover the southeast quadrant of Washington. Geologic maps of these quadrangles have been compiled by geologists with the Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources (DGER) and Washington State University and are the principal data sources for a 1:250,000-scale geologic map of the southeast quadrant of Washington, which is in preparation. Eleven of these quadrangles are being released as DGER open-file reports. The map of the Wenatchee quadrangle has been published by the US Geological Survey, and the Moses Lake, Ritzville quadrangles have already been released.

Reidel, S.P.; Fecht, K.R. [comps.

1993-09-01

497

To what extent are free testosterone (FT) values reproducible between the two Washingtons, and can calculated FT be used in lieu of expensive direct measurements?  

PubMed

Free testosterone (FT) measurement by equilibrium dialysis and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (LCMS/MS) is the "gold standard." We hypothesized that calculated FT values could substitute for measured values; compared FT results reported by Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC), Washington, DC, with results reported by the Seattle Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Seattle, WA, for 3 patient groups; and evaluated the calculated FT values by gold-standard measurements. Groups 1 and 2 included samples from 54 patients evaluated in Seattle and 94 evaluated at a primary care clinic in Alaska whose samples were analyzed in Seattle, respectively, whose care resulted in ordering an FT measurement. Group 3 included samples from 64 patients evaluated in endocrine WRAMC clinics. Calculated FT values between the 2 facilities demonstrated a strong correlation (R2 = 0.98) for all 212 patients. In a comparison of calculated FT values with measured levels, group 3 had an R2 = 0.93; however, samples with FT values less than 50 pg/mL had a poorer correlation (R2 = 0.45). Calculated FT values may accurately reflect and be substituted in the clinical setting for gold-standard values when levels are more than 50 pg/mL. PMID:18285270

DeVan, Michael L; Bankson, Daniel D; Abadie, Jude M

2008-03-01

498

The Seattle Times: Martin Luther King Jr.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Seattle Times commemorates the life and legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. with a Web site including sections on the man, the movement, the legacy, and the holiday. Timed to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the national King holiday, the site also offers a photo tour of key events in the fight for civil rights, dialogue between students in Alabama and Washington states, a quiz study guide, and sound clips from his speeches.

1996-01-01

499

33 CFR 165.1310 - Strait of Juan de Fuca and adjacent coastal waters of Northwest Washington; Makah Whale Hunting...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...coastal waters of Northwest Washington; Makah Whale Hunting-Regulated Navigation Area...coastal waters of Northwest Washington; Makah Whale Hunting—Regulated Navigation Area...W. Datum: NAD 1983. (b) During a whale hunt, while the international...

2010-07-01

500

33 CFR 165.1310 - Strait of Juan de Fuca and adjacent coastal waters of Northwest Washington; Makah Whale Hunting...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...coastal waters of Northwest Washington; Makah Whale Hunting-Regulated Navigation Area...coastal waters of Northwest Washington; Makah Whale Hunting—Regulated Navigation Area...W. Datum: NAD 1983. (b) During a whale hunt, while the international...

2011-07-01