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Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition: Eco Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (SVTC) works "to document and expose the hazards of the high-tech industry and to promote environmental and economic sustainability and accountability in the electronics industry, the fastest growing manufacturing sector in the world." To those ends, the SVTC Website offers three interactive Eco Maps showing Toxic Chemical Point Sources, Cumulative Exposure (including demographics and cancer risk), and Contaminated Groundwater Sites in the San Jose, California area. Pollution sources are identified by name and year, with an internal reference code. Helpful instructions accompany all maps.


Creating a Community Coalition to Prevent Childhood Obesity in Yakima County, Washington: Rev It Up! 2008  

PubMed Central

Background One-third of the US population is obese, and childhood obesity has tripled since the late 1970s. Childhood obesity is a significant health issue requiring interventions on individual, interpersonal, community, organizational, and policy levels. Community coalitions offer successful strategies for engaging community partners with health improvement goals. Community Context In 2008, Yakima County, an agricultural community in eastern Washington, was ranked the eighth fattest city in the United States. Recognizing the obesity problem, the Yakima Health District (YHD) established 2 objectives: to decrease rates of childhood obesity in Yakima County and to recruit and establish a community coalition of key stakeholders and experts to help address the problem. Methods The YHD spearheaded a movement to create a community coalition. The coalition applied for and received state and federal grants. In September 2008, the YHD held the first recruitment event for Rev It Up!, its community-based effort to address the obesity problem in Yakima. YHD invited the Washington State Department of Health to advise the coalition-building and action-planning process. Outcome The community coalition achieved 5 of 7 objectives, including developing a common vision, creating an advisory committee, and conducting a community inventory, prioritization process, and action plan. However, unexpected public health challenges in the YHD delayed coalition efforts. Interpretation Creating the Rev It Up! coalition met a community need and engaged community partners. Some potential partners were dissuaded by the 6-month period required to establish the coalition. Rev It Up! continues as a community effort to reduce rates of obesity in Yakima County. PMID:22765932

Brown, Jessica; Bindler, Ruth C.; Miller, Kris



Coalition for Pulmonary Fibrosis  


... Patient Education Resources Accomplishments About Us Coalition for Pulmonary Fibrosis 10866 W. Washington Blvd #343 • Culver City, CA ... of their respective owners. ©2001 – 2011 Coalition for Pulmonary Fibrosis Site Last Updated: March 25, 2015


Science Coalition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Coalition of Science and Technology (NCST) has elected S. Thomas Moser, of the international accounting firm Peat Marwick, to their board of advisors. Moser is the national director of Marwick's high-technology practice.NCST, based in Washington, D.C., is a broad-based science and technology advocacy organization that seeks to bridge the political interests of the scientific and academic research community with the business community.


NW Energy Coalition Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Coalition is an alliance of environmental, civic and human service organizations, progressive utilities and businesses from Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Alaska and British Columbia that promotes energy conservation and renewable energy resources, consumer and low-income protection, and fish and wildlife restoration.


75 FR 38417 - Carbaryl; Order Denying Washington Toxics Coalition Petition to Revoke Tolerances and Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...inhalation exposure studies required for aerial application of carbaryl bait used in the USDA Rangeland Grasshopper and Mormon Cricket Suppression Program due to a recent reduction in the maximum application rate, which eliminated remaining uncertainties...



Modelling Coalitions: . . .  

E-print Network

In the last few years, argumentation frameworks have been successfully applied to multi agent systems. Recently, argumentation has been used to provide a framework for reasoning about coalition formation. At the same time alternatingtime temporal logic has been used to reason about the behavior and abilities of coalitions of agents. However, ATL operators account only for the existence of successful strategies of coalitions. They do not consider whether coalitions can be actually formed. This paper is an attempt to combine both frameworks and to develop a logic through which we can reason at the same time (1) about abilities of coalitions of agents and (2) about the formation of coalitions. We provide a formal extension of ATL, ATL c, in which the actual computation of the coalition is modelled in terms of argumentation semantics. We show that ATL c ’s proof theory can be understood as a natural extension of the model checking procedure used in ATL.

Nils Bulling; Jürgen Dix; Carlos I. Chesñevar



Oligochaete respiration as a measure of sediment toxicity in Puget Sound, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Respiration rate measurements were conducted with the marine oligochaete Monopylephorus cuticulatus Baker and Brinkhurst to determine the sublethal toxicity of sediments collected from Puget Sound, Washington. Worms were exposed to elutriates prepared from centrifuged sediment slurries. Standard respiration rates were measured at high dissolved oxygen levels for each sample tested and were compared with control and other test results. A

Peter M. Chapman




EPA Science Inventory

Creosote-contaminated sediment from one station (EH08) in Eagle Harbor, Washington, is among the most toxic sediment yet tested from U.S. estuaries and coastal waters. he total concentration of 13 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in EH08 sediment was 6,461 mg/kg (dry wt.). he cn...



EPA Science Inventory

The toxicity of 175 sediment samples from Commencement Bay, Washington, was measured by the survival of marine infaunal amphipods (Rhepoxynius abronius) during ten-day exposure to test sediment. Survival was high in sediment from offshore, deeper parts of the Bay, including two d...


Triangle Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Triangle Coalition is to "bring together the voices of government, business, and education to improve the quality and outcome of [STEM] education." Visitors should check out the "Legislative News" section of their website to get a taste of the changes and improvements the Triangle Coalition is working on. One notable item here is the audio and video from a February 2011 webinar that the Coalition held on the "Implications for STEM Education in the 2012 Budget Request". On the right side of this page visitors should check out "Key Topics", where they will find such topics as "Educate to Innovate", "National Lab Day", and "Arne Duncan". The "TECB" link on the left side of any page leads to the Triangle Coalition Electronic Bulletin which comes out weekly, and is available to Coalition members. The current and archived issues, which date back to January 2010, are available on the website for any visitors to view. The " Resources" link is also worth a visit, as it includes links to resources on grants, collaboration, and more.


Acute toxicity of sediment from Eagle Harbor, Washington, to the infaunal amphipod Rhepoxynius abronius  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creosote-contaminated sediment from one station (EH08) in Eagle Harbor, Washington, is among the most toxic sediment yet tested from U.S. estuaries and coastal waters. The total concentration of 13 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in EH08 sediment was 6,461 mg\\/kg (dry wt.). The concentrations of phenanthrene and fluoranthene in this sediment were more than two orders of magnitude greater than their acutely

Richard C. Swartz; Paul F. Kemp; Donald W. Schults; George R. Ditsworth; Robert J. Ozretich



Toxicity of imidacloprid to Galendromus occidentalis, Neoseiulus fallacis and Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from hops in Washington State, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The toxicity of systemic and spray formulations of imidacloprid to Galendromus occidentalis Nesbitt, Neoseiulus fallacis Garman and Amblyseius andersoni (Chant) from hop yards in Washington State was evaluated in laboratory bioassays. The field rate of imidacloprid for hop\\u000a aphids (0.13 g a.i. l) was highly toxic (100% mortality) to G.\\u000a occidentalis and N. fallacis but less so (35.6% mortality) to

David G. James



Maine Department of Environmental Protection Washington State Department of Ecology California Environmental Protection Agency State House Station 17 Hazardous Waste & Toxics Reduction 1001 I Street  

E-print Network

Maine Department of Environmental Protection Washington State Department of Ecology California, said Ted Sturdevant, Director of the Washington State Department of Ecology. We need a federal law Environmental Protection Agency State House Station 17 Hazardous Waste & Toxics Reduction 1001 I Street Augusta


Sustainable Energy Coalition Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Sustainable Energy Coalition brings together business, environmental, and consumer organizations that advocate federal energy policies that will lead to "a cleaner environment, safe reliable energy technologies, and a secure, prosperous future for all Americans."


STEM Education Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education Coalition is an educational lobbying group that promotes "policies to improve STEM education at all levels." A coalition consisting of 500 organizations, it aims to educate policymakers about the importance of STEM education in keeping the U.S. competitive in the global marketplace. Visitors can find testimony and letters from the Coalition to various lawmakers in the "Positions and Activities" tab, including Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, and President Obama himself. The "STEM Resources" tab has multiple links to fact sheets, report cards, and various reports that indicate the state of STEM education in the U.S. Visitors will also find an extensive number of panel discussions, commissions, and reports, beginning with a report from September 1996 on teaching and America's future to a more recent report titled "Tapping America's Potential: Gaining Momentum, Losing Ground."


Contextual Coalitional Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of cooperation among agents is of central interest in multi-agent systems research. A popular way to model cooperation is through coalitional game theory. Much research in this area has had limited practical applicability as regards real-world multi-agent systems due to the fact that it assumes deterministic payoffs to coalitions and in addition does not apply to multi-agent environments that are stochastic in nature. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to modeling such scenarios where coalitional games will be contextualized through the use of logical expressions representing environmental and other state, and probability distributions will be placed on the space of contexts in order to model the stochastic nature of the scenarios. More formally, we present a formal representation language for representing contextualized coalitional games embedded in stochastic environments and we define and show how to compute expected Shapley values in such games in a computationally efficient manner. We present the value of the approach through an example involving robotics assistance in emergencies.

Doherty, Patrick; Michalak, Tomasz; Sroka, Jacek; Sza?as, Andrzej



EPA Science Inventory

The Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC) is a collaboration of 14 member drinking and wastewater research organizations. The USEPA is currently a partner to the GWRC membership. Through the GWRC, the members are able to leverage research funds on mutually desired efforts to m...


International Clean Energy Coalition  

SciTech Connect

In 2003, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and National Energy Technology Laboratories (NETL) collaboratively established the International Clean Energy Coalition (ICEC). The coalition consisting of energy policy-makers, technologists, and financial institutions was designed to assist developing countries in forming and supporting local approaches to greenhouse gas mitigation within the energy sector. ICEC's work focused on capacity building and clean energy deployment in countries that rely heavily on fossil-based electric generation. Under ICEC, the coalition formed a steering committee consisting of NARUC members and held a series of meetings to develop and manage the workplan and define successful outcomes for the projects. ICEC identified India as a target country for their work and completed a country assessment that helped ICEC build a framework for discussion with Indian energy decisionmakers including two follow-on in-country workshops. As of the conclusion of the project in 2010, ICEC had also conducted outreach activities conducted during United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Ninth Conference of Parties (COP 9) and COP 10. The broad goal of this project was to develop a coalition of decision-makers, technologists, and financial institutions to assist developing countries in implementing affordable, effective and resource appropriate technology and policy strategies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Project goals were met through international forums, a country assessment, and in-country workshops. This project focused on countries that rely heavily on fossil-based electric generation.

Erin Skootsky; Matt Gardner; Bevan Flansburgh



Measuring Coalition Functioning: Refining Constructs through Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internal and external coalition functioning is an important predictor of coalition success that has been linked to perceived coalition effectiveness, coalition goal achievement, coalition ability to support evidence-based programs, and coalition sustainability. Understanding which aspects of coalition functioning best predict coalition success…

Brown, Louis D.; Feinberg, Mark E.; Greenberg, Mark T.



Toxicity of Anacostia River, Washington, DC, USA, sediment fed to mute swans (Cygnus olor)  

SciTech Connect

Sediment ingestion is sometimes the principal route by which waterfowl are exposed to environmental contaminants, and at severely contaminated sites waterfowl have been killed by ingesting sediment. Mute swans (Cygnus olor) were fed a diet for 6 weeks with a high but environmentally realistic concentration (24%) of sediment from the moderately polluted Anacostia River in the District of Columbia, USA, to estimate the sediment's toxicity. Control swans were fed the same diet without the sediment. Five organochlorine compounds were detected in the treated diets, but none of 22 organochlorine compounds included in the analyses was detected in livers of the treated swans. The concentrations of 24 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons measured in the treated diet were as high as 0.80 mg/kg, and they were thought to have been responsible for the observed induction of hepatic microsomal monooxygenase activity in livers. A concentration of 85 mg/kg of lead in the diet was enough to decrease red blood cell ALAD activity but was not high enough to cause more serious effects of lead poisoning. The dietary concentrations of Al, Fe, V, and Ba were high compared to the concentrations of these elements known to be toxic in laboratory feeding studies. However, the lack of accumulation in the livers of the treated swans suggested that these elements were not readily available from the ingested sediment. The authors did not study all potential toxic effects, but, on the basis of those that they did consider, they concluded that the treated swans were basically healthy after a chronic exposure to the sediment.

Beyer, W.N.; Day, D.; Melancon, M.J.; Sileo, L.



Toxicity of Anacostia River, Washington, DC, USA, sediment fed to mute swans (Cygnus olor)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Sediment ingestion is sometimes the principal route by which waterfowl are exposed to environmental contaminants, and at severely contaminated sites waterfowl have been killed by ingesting sediment. Mute swans (Cygnus olor) were fed a diet for six weeks with a high but environmentally realistic concentration (24%) of sediment from the moderately polluted Anacostia River in the District of Columbia, to estimate the sediment?s toxicity. Control swans were fed the same diet without the sediment. Five organochlorine compounds were detected in the treated diets but none of 22 organochlorine compounds included in the analyses were detected in livers of the treated swans. The concentrations of 24 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons measured in the treated diet were as high as 0.80 mg/kg and they were thought to have been responsible for the observed induction of hepatic microsomal monooxygenase activity in livers. A concentration of 85 mg/kg of lead in the diet was enough to decrease red blood cell ALAD activity but was not high enough to cause more serious effects of lead poisoning. The dietary concentrations of Al, Fe, V, and Ba were high compared to the concentrations of these elements known to be toxic in laboratory feeding studies, but these elements did not accumulate in the livers of the treated swans and probably were not readily available in the sediment. Although ingestion of the Anacostia River sediment caused subtle toxicological effects in swans, we concluded from pathological examinations and weight data that the treated swans remained basically healthy.

Beyer, W.N.; Day, D.; Melancon, M.J.; Sileo, L.



Management of coalition sensor networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The management of sensor networks in coalition settings has been treated in a piecemeal fashion in the current literature without taking a comprehensive look at the complete life cycle of coalition networks, and determining the different aspects of network management that need to be taken into account for the management of sensor networks in those contexts. In this paper, we provide a holistic approach towards managing sensor networks encountered in the context of coalition operations. We describe how the sensor networks in a coalition ought to be managed at various stages of the life cycle, and the different operations that need to be taken into account for managing various aspects of the networks. In particular, we look at the FCAPS model for network management, and assess the applicability of the FCAPS model to the different aspects of sensor network management in a coalition setting.

Verma, Dinesh Chandra; Brown, Theodore; Ortega, Carolyn



Sierra Student Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Sierra Student Coalition (SSC) is the student-run arm of the Sierra Club, one of the leading conservation organizations in North America. The SSC Website offers information for students wishing to become involved in environmental protection, with an emphasis on activism. The site includes an Events calendar, contact information for regional offices, training and internship opportunities, and a list of resources for incoming activists. Although not all sections of the site are updated, this site, for and by students, is a fine resource that provides opportunities for further student involvement.


Coalition of Essential Schools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) seeks to "create and sustain equitable, intellectually vibrant, personalized schools and to make such schools the norm of American public education." CES schools enact the CES Common Principles -- emphasizing equity, personalization, and intellectual vibrancy - to create "schools that will nurture students to reach their fullest potential." The CES schools are expected to serve as models to other schools and demonstrations to the public about what is possible. More information on the goals and Common Principles is available online, along with research on the learning and development of students in CES schools. Also online is the CES National quarterly journal, Horace, which provides research and examples of innovative and effective practices from CES schools. The articles are initially only available at cost and for members, but are later posted on this website. The most recent Winter 2004 issue is titled, Making Math Personal.


Child Labor Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formed in 1989, the Child Labor Coalition is a provider of informational and educational outreach about child labor in the public and private sectors. On their website, visitors will find sections on "Child Labor in the U.S." and "Child Labor Around the World", as well as a "Photo Gallery and Media Library". The Child Labor in the U.S. section provides history, causes, and results of child labor in the U.S. Visitors will also find a link to the report "Fields of Peril - Child Labor in U.S. Agriculture", which addresses the lack of rights of child farmworkers on commercial farms. Visitors with teenagers will be interested in the "Parents' Primer: When Your Teen Works" report that emphasizes the hours of employment governed by child labor laws, and provides information on how these laws "restrict teens from working in hazardous occupations or operating dangerous machinery." The photo gallery contains several albums, including heartrending stills from the documentary "Stolen Childhoods". Visitors will see a child working at a brick kiln in India, and a Kenyan coffee plantation where children work without protective gear from pesticides or the sharp spines of the coffee plant. [KMG


Coalition building and functioning Mobilizing communities for teen pregnancy prevention: Associations between coalition characteristics and perceived accomplishments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To describe coalition membership, examine associations between coalition processes and short-term coalition outcomes, and assess the relative contribution of key coalition processes to perceived accomplishments in teen pregnancy prevention coalitions. Methods: A self-administered survey was distributed to active members of 21 teen pregnancy prevention coalitions in 13 communities. The overall response rate was 67%, with 471 surveys returned. Process

Michelle C. Kegler; Clayton W. Williams; Carol M. Cassell; John Santelli; Scott R. Kegler; Susanne B. Montgomery; Mary Lou Bell; Yolanda G. Martinez; Jonathan D. Klein; Peter Mulhall; Jeffry A. Will; Toni L. Felice; Sharon C. Hunt


Information sharing and security in dynamic coalitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, information sharing is critical to almost every institution. There is no more critical need for information sharing than during an international crisis, when international coalitions dynamically form. In the event of a crisis, whether it is humanitarian relief, natural disaster, combat operations, or terrorist incidents, international coalitions have an immediate need for information. These coalitions are formed with international

Charles E. Phillips Jr.; T. C. Ting; Steven A. Demurjian



Transatlantic Perspectives Forging Legitimizing Coalitions  

E-print Network

Transatlantic Perspectives Forging Legitimizing Coalitions: Comparing EU/U.S. Financial Consumer Policy | Tags: Economic & Financial Policy, History What is the role of non-state actors--corporate and civic--in influencing and redirecting regulatory reforms? How do critical junctures like financial

Boyer, Edmond


Coalitions to engineer the climate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solar geoengineering is the deliberate reduction of the amount of incoming solar radiation absorbed by Earth's climate system with the aim of reducing impacts of anthropogenic climate change. The international politics of solar geoengineering differ markedly from those of greenhouse-gas emissions reductions. A central question is who will decide whether and how much solar geoengineering will be deployed. It is unlikely that a single small actor could implement and sustain global-scale geoengineering that harms much of the world without intervention from harmed world powers. Thus, in practice, some minimum amount of aggregate power would be needed to successfully impose will upon the rest of the world. Here we formulate a series of games, calibrated with physical and economic models of climate change, to evaluate how international coalitions to implement geoengineering may form. In the scenarios examined, climate models are assumed to correctly predict the future and damage is parameterized in terms of regional temperature and precipitation changes only, and do not consider other, possibly formidable, risks. The coalitions set the "global thermostat" to maximize benefit to coalition members. As a result, non-members would be better off under a global optimum solution, but would be worse off with no geoengineering at all. Nonetheless, it appears unlikely that solar geoengineering could be implemented by actors who are perceived in advance to be harming the interests of a majority of the world's powers.; Comparison of results under a globally optimal versus >50% military-spending power coalition over 6 decades of solar geoengineering implementation. (a) shows how the amount of solar geoengineering (in units of stratospheric aerosol optical depth, AOD) implemented by a Power Proportionate Distribution coalition under a military-spending-weighted power scheme (dotted), compared to the amount that minimizes net global damages (thick grey) (the population and GDP-weighted results from Figure 2 in the Main Text shown in grey, solid and dashed); (b) shows how the coalition members (in green) and non-members (in red) reduce their damages from climate change using solar geoengineering compared to reductions at the global optimum (thick grey). (c) shows the regional membership of the winning coalition in each decade.

Moreno-Cruz, J. B.; Ricke, K.; Caldeira, K.



Toxicity of sediment pore water in Puget Sound (Washington, USA): a review of spatial status and temporal trends  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Data from toxicity tests of the pore water extracted from Puget Sound sediments were compiled from surveys conducted from 1997 to 2009. Tests were performed on 664 samples collected throughout all of the eight monitoring regions in the Sound, an area encompassing 2,294.1 km2. Tests were performed with the gametes of the Pacific purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, to measure percent fertilization success as an indicator of relative sediment quality. Data were evaluated to determine the incidence, degree of response, geographic patterns, spatial extent, and temporal changes in toxicity. This is the first survey of this kind and magnitude in Puget Sound. In the initial round of surveys of the eight regions, 40 of 381 samples were toxic for an incidence of 10.5 %. Stations classified as toxic represented an estimated total of 107.1 km2, equivalent to 4.7 % of the total area. Percent sea urchin fertilization ranged from >100 % of the nontoxic, negative controls to 0 %. Toxicity was most prevalent and pervasive in the industrialized harbors and lowest in the deep basins. Conditions were intermediate in deep-water passages, urban bays, and rural bays. A second round of testing in four regions and three selected urban bays was completed 5–10 years following the first round. The incidence and spatial extent of toxicity decreased in two of the regions and two of the bays and increased in the other two regions and the third bay; however, only the latter change was statistically significant. Both the incidence and spatial extent of toxicity were lower in the Sound than in most other US estuaries and marine bays.

Long, Edward R.; Carr, R. Scott; Biedenbach, James M.; Weakland, Sandra; Partridge, Valerie; Dutch, Margaret



Rational Instability in the Natural Coalition Forming  

E-print Network

We are investigating a paradigm of instability in coalition forming among countries, which indeed is intrinsic to any collection of individual groups or other social aggregations. Coalitions among countries are formed by the respective attraction or repulsion caused by the historical bond propensities between the countries, which produced an intricate circuit of bilateral bonds. Contradictory associations into coalitions occur due to the independent evolution of the bonds. Those coalitions tend to be unstable and break down frequently. The model extends some features of the physical theory of Spin Glasses. Within the frame of this model, the instability is viewed as a consequence of decentralized maximization processes searching for the best coalition allocations. In contrast to the existing literature, a rational instability is found to result from forecast rationality of countries. Using a general theoretical framework allowing to analyze the countries' decision making in coalition forming, we feature a sys...

Vinogradova, Galina



Coalitional Games in MISO Interference Channels: Epsilon-Core and Coalition Structure Stable Set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The multiple-input single-output interference channel is considered. Each transmitter is assumed to know the channels between itself and all receivers perfectly and the receivers are assumed to treat interference as additive noise. In this setting, noncooperative transmission does not take into account the interference generated at other receivers which generally leads to inefficient performance of the links. To improve this situation, we study cooperation between the links using coalitional games. The players (links) in a coalition either perform zero forcing transmission or Wiener filter precoding to each other. The $\\epsilon$-core is a solution concept for coalitional games which takes into account the overhead required in coalition deviation. We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for the strong and weak $\\epsilon$-core of our coalitional game not to be empty with zero forcing transmission. Since, the $\\epsilon$-core only considers the possibility of joint cooperation of all links, we study coalitional games in partition form in which several distinct coalitions can form. We propose a polynomial time distributed coalition formation algorithm based on coalition merging and prove that its solution lies in the coalition structure stable set of our coalition formation game. Simulation results reveal the cooperation gains for different coalition formation complexities and deviation overhead models.

Mochaourab, Rami; Jorswieck, Eduard A.



Mobilizing communities for teen pregnancy prevention: Associations between coalition characteristics and perceived accomplishments  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo describe coalition membership, examine associations between coalition processes and short-term coalition outcomes, and assess the relative contribution of key coalition processes to perceived accomplishments in teen pregnancy prevention coalitions.

Michelle C. Kegler; Clayton W. Williams; Carol M. Cassell; John Santelli; Scott R. Kegler; Susanne B. Montgomery; Mary Lou Bell; Yolanda G. Martinez; Jonathan D. Klein; Peter Mulhall; Jeffry A. Will; Vicki Harris Wyatt; Toni L. Felice; Sharon C. Hunt



Health care coalitions: continuity and change.  


The purpose of this study has been to investigate how coalitions have changed during 1983-1986, to describe the current characteristics of coalitions, and to speculate about their future roles and likely evolution. Several insights emerge from the empirical findings of this study. First, the number of operational health care coalitions has greatly expanded over the last several years to the point where almost every state and metropolitan area of the country has at least one. Second, the service area of most coalitions is generally county-wide, although there has been significant growth in the number of coalitions that serve states. Third, coalitions are expanding their membership composition and including not only business members but also hospitals, physicians, insurance companies, and labor organizations. Fourth, coalitions are becoming more financially secure; most have annual cash budgets, and most rely on dues. Fifth, coalitions are increasingly hiring and using paid professional staff. Last, coalitions are expanding their agendas beyond investigating direct health care costs to examine some of the underlying issues (such as hospital and medical professional liability issues, the financing of uncompensated care, and ethical issues) and are developing programs to address them. For the near future, the extension of recent trends suggests how coalitions will look and function. Further down the road, health care coalitions may evolve into health care public/private policy forums or associations of health benefits managers and/or associations for managed care purchasers. In conclusion, the trends we documented and the projections of the future of coalitions appear to be in keeping with the summary perspective of John T. Dunlop (1987) who indicates: Coalitions provide a continuing forum in which parties become more interested and informed about health care costs, utilization and the problems and operations of the other participants. The discourse encourages a more extensive and informed development and sharing of data. Coalitions reflect and need to recognize the inevitable internal conflicts and interests of the constituent organizations. While some coalitions tend to flounder on internal conflicts and capacity to generate effective leadership; many are fruitfully addressing the hard issues of health care in a community, such as managed care, capitation payments, excess beds and capital requirements, and access to health care by the uninsured. As coalitions mature, beyond discourse and data, they are likely to concentrate on a few of the distinctive problems of their communities and the interaction within the health care environment to address these problems. PMID:10304443

Mullner, R M; Young, G W; Andersen, R M



Coalition Education Policy: Thatcherism's Long Shadow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coalition education policy threatens to transform the school system in England. A combination of public spending cuts, and the drive to making all schools Academies, represents a key moment in the restructuring of the education service along neo-liberal lines. This article argues that there is nothing distinctively "new" about Coalition schools…

Stevenson, Howard



Campus and Community Coalitions. Issues in Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Issues in Prevention" focuses on campus and community coalitions. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Campus and Community Coalitions: Implementing Environmental Prevention Strategies (John D. Clapp); (2) Campus Brief: University of Rhode Island; (3) International Town & Gown Association; (4) Q&A With Traci Toomey and…

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012



Assessing Rural Coalitions That Address Safety and Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community coalitions can help national organizations meet their objectives. Farm Safety 4 Just Kids depends on coalitions of local people to deliver farm safety and health educational programs to children and their families. These coalitions are called chapters. An evaluation was developed to identify individual coalition's strengths and…

Burgus, Shari; Schwab, Charles; Shelley, Mack



National Coalition for Homeless Veterans  


... in Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania who are committed to improving the health of ... 3838 for 24/7 assistance. 333 1/2 Pennsylvania Avenue SE | Washington, D.C. | 20003 | t-f. ...


Developmental Stages and Work Capacities of Community Coalitions: How Extension Educators Address and Evaluate Changing Coalition Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extension educators provide resources to community coalitions. The study reported here adds to what is known about community coalitions and applies an assessment framework to a state-level coalition-based Extension program on healthy relationships and marriages. The study combines the Internal Coalition Outcome Hierarchy (ICOH) framework with four…

Nichols, Allison; Riffe, Jane; Peck, Terrill; Kaczor, Cheryl; Nix, Kelly; Faulkner-Van Deysen, Angela



Strength determines coalitional strategies in humans  

PubMed Central

Coalitions enhance survival and reproductive success in many social species, yet they generate contradictory impulses. Whereas a coalition increases the probability of successfully obtaining rewards for its members, it typically requires a division of rewards among members, thereby diminishing individual benefits. Non-human primate data indicate that coalition formation is more likely when an individual's probability of success is low when competing alone. No comparable studies exist for humans. Here we show using a computerized competitive game that humans exhibit a systematic, intuitive strategy for coalition formation based on their own and others' levels of perceived strength, a pattern that resembles coalition formation in chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Despite equal expected pay-offs for all strategies, subjects were more likely to form coalitions as their own level of perceived strength waned. Those chosen as coalition partners tended to be stronger individuals or arbitrarily designated ‘friends’. Results suggest a heuristic for human coalitionary decisions that rests on the perception of relative power rather than on the assessment of pay-offs. PMID:19364733

Benenson, Joyce F.; Markovits, Henry; Emery Thompson, Melissa; Wrangham, Richard W.



Introduction: All Ireland Fatigue Coalition.  


The first professional meeting and educational symposium of the All Ireland Fatigue Coalition (AIFC) convened in Dublin in September 2002, with an attendance of 350 health professionals who work in cancer research and cancer patient care. The AIFC is a multidisciplinary team of doctors, nurses, and other health care professionals from Ireland, Northern Ireland, and the U.S. whose mission is to champion the proactive management of cancer-related fatigue. The major goals of the symposium were to better understand the status and prevalence of cancer fatigue on the island of Ireland and to learn how to better assess and manage fatigue in cancer patients. An international faculty presented on topics ranging from defining the condition to developing an international protocol implementing a fatigue algorithm. PMID:12626779

Daly, Peter A



IPv6 for Coalition Network Enabled Capability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the role of IPv6 in achieving a coalition network enabled capability (NEC). The massive address space of IPv6 enables seamless end-to-end secure communication with a simpler network design, leading to improved reliability, functionality, and manageability of the network. The IPv6 feature set of QoS, mobility, and scalability support the NEC networking requirements. To achieve coalition interoperability, coordination

Rob Goode; Patrice Guivarch; Peter Sevenich



Distal metatarsal coalition: A rare case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Metatarsal coalition is an extremely rare condition. We report the second documented case of 4th and 5th distal metatarsal coalition in the literature. Presentation of case An eight-year-old girl was referred to an orthopaedic clinic with a four-month history of forefoot pain and swelling on the plantar aspect of the right little toe. Radiograph and clinical examination confirmed distal metatarsal coalition between the 4th and 5th metatarsals. Following a period of conservative treatment, excision was eventually performed due to worsening symptoms. Patient re-attended two years later with a recurrence of the coalition confirmed by computed tomography (CT) scan. The case was discussed at a tertiary paediatric orthopaedic insititution. Decision was made to manage patient conservatively with insole and physiotherapy until skeletal maturity. A year later, patient’s symptoms did not worsen, and her foot displayed no evidence of change in the arch and shape. Discussion The timing of ossification of coalition varies from one anatomical site to another. Surgery when performed before ossification is complete runs the risk of recurrence. Conclusion Our case report illustrates the importance of restoring normal weight bearing dynamics and pain relief when managing metatarsal coalition, or synostosis in skeletally immature patients. We recommend persevering with conservative treatment, with operative treatment reserved only as a later option, and ideally, until skeletal maturity is achieved. PMID:25670408

Vun, Shen Hwa; Drampalos, Efstathios; Shareef, Sajan; Sinha, Satyajit; Bramley, Diane



Miami thrives: weaving a poverty reduction coalition.  


In an environment where community based organizations are asked to do increasingly more to alleviate the effects of complex social problems, networks and coalitions are becoming the answer for increasing scale, efficiency, coordination, and most importantly, social impact. This paper highlights the formation of a poverty reduction coalition in south Florida. Our case study approach chronicles a developing coalition in Miami-Dade County and the role of one organization acting as lead to the initiative. Drawing on interviews with lead organization staff, participant observation field notes, network mapping and analysis of documents and artifacts from the initiative, we analyze the local organizational context and illuminate important processes associated with supporting a developing coalition. Findings offer a picture of the interorganizational relationships in the community using social network analysis and identify the organizational capacity factors that contribute to and inhibit the formation of a cohesive and effective coalition in this context. This study also highlights the utility of an action research approach to organizational learning about coalition-building in such a way that informs decision making. PMID:24748284

Evans, Scotney D; Rosen, Adam D; Kesten, Stacey M; Moore, Wendy



The Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy's aim is to increase government effectiveness by using evidence of what works based on rigorous policy analysis. On the "Mission & Activities" tab near the top of any page, visitors can read of the ineffective policies the Coalition targets. For example, the site details government-funded social programs that have failed to make progress in the areas they are supposed to help, such as "poverty reduction", "K-12 education", and "economic mobility." Further down the page is a list of programs that have been deemed effective by the Coalition - "Nurse-Family Partnership," "Career Academies," and "Success for All in Grades K-2." The "Publications" tab lists the five types of publications of the Coalition, including "Rigorous Evidence," their monthly e-newsletter that can be subscribed to for free for anyone interested in evidence-based policy. Some of the other publications include "Published Op-Eds/Letters to the Editor" and "Coalition Policy Proposals," which have covered, among other things, "Technology Development," "Crime/Substance Abuse," and "Health Care."


How does community context influence coalitions in the formation stage? a multiple case study based on the Community Coalition Action Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Community coalitions are rooted in complex and dynamic community systems. Despite recognition that environmental factors affect coalition behavior, few studies have examined how community context impacts coalition formation. Using the Community Coalition Action theory as an organizing framework, the current study employs multiple case study methodology to examine how five domains of community context affect coalitions in the formation

Michelle C Kegler; Jessica Rigler; Sally Honeycutt



Differential Challenges in Coalition Building among HIV Prevention Coalitions Targeting Specific Youth Populations  

PubMed Central

Coalitions provide the potential for merging the power, influence, and resources of fragmented individuals and institutions into one collective group that can more effectively focus its efforts on a specific community health issue. Connect to Protect® coalitions devote resources to address the HIV epidemic at a structural level. This research examines differential challenges in coalition processes that may facilitate/hinder coalition building to achieve HIV prevention through structural change. Qualitative interviews conducted with community partners participating across 10 coalitions were analyzed to compare responses of those individuals working on HIV prevention coalitions targeting adolescent and young adult gay and bisexual men versus those targeting adolescent and young adult heterosexual women. Community partner responses revealed differences across several key areas including: a) acceptability and goals in discussing sexual issues with adolescents, b) goals of sexual health promotion activities, and c) competition among collaborating agencies. Themes highlighted in this research can complement existing community intervention literature by helping community mobilizers, interventionists, and researchers understand how cultural norms affect youth-specific coalition work. PMID:24188354

Robles-Schrader, Grisel M.; Harper, Gary W.; Purnell, Marjorie; Monarrez, Veronica; Ellen, Jonathan M.



Statewide Coalitions and State Systems. Issues in Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Issues in Prevention" focuses on statewide coalitions and state systems. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Statewide Coalitions for Prevention; (2) Louisiana Higher Education Coalition; (3) Statewide Initiative Grantees; (4) The Ohio College Initiative; and (5) Higher Education Center Resources.

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012



Rethinking the Factors of Success: Social Support and Community Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Coalitions are often the strategy of choice when needs are great, resources are few, and individual efforts have proven unsuccessful in addressing serious health issues. Despite the widespread use of coalitions and extensive research, no definitive list of factors predicting coalition success has been identified. One factor, social…

Haithcox-Dennis, Melissa; DeWeese, Amanda; Goodman, Jessica



Coalition Cooperation Defines Roadmap for E85 and Biodiesel  

SciTech Connect

This Clean Cities success story relates how Colorado's Colorado Biofuels Coalition was formed and provides guidance on forming other such coalitions. This Colorado's coalition sucessfully increase the number of fueling stations providing biofuels and has goals to the number even more. Plans also include assisting with financing infrastructure, making alternative fuels available to more fleets, and educating about E85 and biodiesel use.

Not Available



Emergence and Evolution of Coalitions in Buyer-Seller Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the dynamics of the creation, development, and breakup of social networks formed by coalitions of agents. As an application, we consider coalition formation in a consumer electronic market. In our model, agents have benefits and costs from establishing a social network by participating in a coalition. Buyers benefit in terms of volume discount and better match of their

Frank Edward Walter; Stefano Battiston; Frank Schweitzer



Coalition models: Lessons learned from the CDC’s Community Coalition Partnership Programs for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo describe the models created by the 13 communities in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Community Coalition Partnership Program (CCPP), and the relationship between key organizational features of the coalitions and the perception by coalition members of interim and community-wide outcomes.

Jane S. Kramer; Susan Philliber; Claire D. Brindis; Stephanie L. Kamin; Amy E. Chadwick; Michelle L. Revels; Doryn D. Chervin; Anne Driscoll; Debra Bartelli; Richard S. Wike; Sara A. Peterson; Cathleen K. Schmidt; L. Teresa Valderrama



What explains community coalition effectiveness?: a review of the literature.  


Community coalitions have become popular vehicles for promoting health. Which factors make coalitions effective, however, is unclear. The study's aim was to identify coalition-building factors related to indicators of coalition effectiveness through a review of the empirical literature. Published articles from 1980 to 2004 that empirically examined the relationships among coalition-building factors and indicators of coalition effectiveness were reviewed. Two indicators of coalition effectiveness were examined: coalition functioning and community-wide changes. A two-phase strategy was employed to identify articles by reviewing citations from previous literature reviews and then searching electronic reference databases. A total of 1168 non-mutually exclusive citations were identified, their abstracts reviewed, and 145 unique full articles were retrieved. The review yielded 26 studies that met the selection criteria. Collectively, these studies assessed 26 indicators of coalition effectiveness, with 19 indicators (73%) measuring coalition functioning, and only two indicators (7%) measuring changes in rates of community-wide health behaviors. The 26 studies identified 55 coalition-building factors that were associated with indicators of coalition effectiveness. Six coalition-building factors were found to be associated with indicators of effectiveness in five or more studies: formalization of rules/procedures, leadership style, member participation, membership diversity, agency collaboration, and group cohesion. However, caution is warranted when drawing conclusions about these associations due to the wide variations in indicators of coalition effectiveness and coalition-building factors examined across relatively few studies, discrepancies in how these variables were measured, and the studies' reliance on cross-sectional designs. PMID:16530624

Zakocs, Ronda C; Edwards, Erika M



Coalition formation in proportionally fair divisible auctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

One method for agents to improve their performance is to form coalitions with other agents. One reason why this might occur is because different agents could have been created by the same owner so an incentive to cooperate naturally exists. Competing agents can also choose to coordinate their actions when there is a mutually beneficial result. The emergence and effects

Rajiv T. Maheswaran; Tamer Baçar



Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (Ceres)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ceres is a coalition of environmental, investor, and advocacy groups working together to help create a sustainable future. On the site, visitors can find the issues addressed by Ceres: Climate Change, Energy, Water, and Supply Chains. Each section has accompanying reports and podcasts. You can also find out about Ceres Investor and Company Networks, as well as initiatives, awards, and resources.


[C-sign and talocalcaneal coalition].  


Talocalcaneal coalition is an abnormal bridge between talus and calcaneus, causing pain and restriction of subtalar movement; its incidence is less than 1 %. The signs and symptoms usually become manifest in the second decade of life with ossification of the lesion. They involve flat foot, peroneal muscle spasm, tarsal tunnel syndrome, or valgus tilt of the heel. The sings need not be noticeable and may appear only as tiredness and vague pain in the hind foot after exercise or an easily twisted ankle. The authors describe the case of talocalcaneal coalition in a 20-year-old man, incidentally diagnosed at ankle fracture. The presence of C-sign led to CT examination and the exact diagnosis. Radiological demonstration of this abnormality may be difficult because plain X-ray images in both projections may show normal findings. Literature data report, in addition to C-sign, further secondary signs of talocalcaneal coalition present on lateral radiographs of the ankle joint. Although these signs do not directly point to talocalcaneal coalition, they reveal abnormal anatomy or movement of the joint and may initiate more thorough examination by CT or MRI and the establishment of an exact diagnosis. Therefore, to know the secondary signs and pay attention to them is very useful. PMID:22094164

Tom?ov?ík, L




E-print Network

LEARN MORE @ ETHANOL E85 CENTRALINA CLEAN FUELS COALITION GROWTH ENERGY www fuel made by fermenting plant-based sugars. Corn is the primary feedstock for ethanol in the U, providing jobs while decreasing U.S. dependence on imported oil. Ethanol production helps fill the hole left


Situation awareness and ability in coalitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a discussion on the formal links between the situation calculus and the semantics of interpreted systems as far as they relate to higher-level information fusion tasks. Among these tasks situation analysis require to be able to reason about the decision processes of coalitions. Indeed in higher levels of information fusion, one not only need to know that

Anne-Laure Jousselme; Patrick Maupin; Christophe Garion; Laurence Cholvy; Claire Saurel



Washington Correlator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the activities of the Washington Correlator for 2012. The Washington Correlator provides up to 80 hours of attended processing per week plus up to 40 hours of unattended operation, primarily supporting Earth Orientation and astrometric observations. In 2012, the major programs supported include the IVS-R4, IVS-INT, APSG, and CRF observing sessions.

Hall, David M.; Boboltz, David



Sustainability in a state comprehensive cancer control coalition: lessons learned.  


The Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Control Coalition (ACCCC) has developed an integrated and coordinated approach to reducing cancer incidence, morbidity, and mortality, and to improving the quality of life for cancer survivors, their families, and their caregivers. The ACCCC is currently in a maintenance phase and a formal plan for sustainability of the coalition was needed to keep the members engaged and productive. A training session in coalition sustainability conducted in 2013 identified the following elements as essential to success: (1) increased marketing of the coalition by simplifying its mission; (2) improved networking including flexibility in coalition meeting location and attendance; (3) increased membership satisfaction through transformational leadership; (4) revision of the working structure of committees and improved accountability; and (5) enhancement of partner satisfaction with coalition activities designed to recruit and retain new partners. A self-administered membership satisfaction survey was given to assess coalition mission, meeting logistics, organization, capacity building, and coalition goals. Results indicated that the subcategories of communication, mission, and meeting logistics were rated satisfied to very satisfied on a five-point scale. Although the ACCCC had clearly written goals, improvement could be made in leadership participation and new member orientation could be improved. Most members rated their parent organization as highly involved with the ACCCC and many offered suggestions on capacity building. Results of the sustainability training have clarified the ACCCC's plans to ensure coalition viability and improve strategies to inform stakeholders of the benefits of participation in the coalition. PMID:24132542

Desmond, Renee A; Chapman, Kathryn; Graf, Gavin; Stanfield, Bret; Waterbor, John W



Building a State Coalition for Nursing Home Excellence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This article describes the successful evolution of a state coalition for nursing home excellence that brought together organizations that had once worked in silos to improve the quality of care through the implementation of culture change for Arkansas’ 240 nursing homes with 27,700 residents. Design and Methods: The Coalition was established in 2004 when stakeholders were invited to participate in a retreat to explore how they could come together with a common goal to improve the care of older Arkansans. These stakeholders were encouraged to bring their organization’s perspectives to the Coalition and determine ways to work with others. The continuous refinement of the Coalition’s activities involved revisiting goals of the Coalition, assessing the need for other stakeholders, identifying gaps and overlaps in quality and culture change programming, and providing feedback to Coalition members. Results: The Coalition stakeholders had the leadership to articulate and mobilize others around a common vision of improving quality of care in nursing homes through culture change. Over time, the Coalition members developed a willingness to share resources and to speak as one voice. Implications: Stakeholders from diverse organizations and governing bodies can come together to complement each other’s work and collaborate on programs to build a better system of care for the frail and elderly persons across a state. The success of this statewide effort lends support for policies that encourage regional coalitions of providers to improve care. PMID:24443610

Beck, Cornelia



A comparative study of the clinical presentation of tarsal coalitions.  


Twenty patients have received the radiographic diagnosis of tarsal coalition. Seven were talocalcaneal (35 per cent), seven were calcaneonavicular (35 per cent), and six were talonavicular (30 per cent). The average age at time of diagnosis was 19.3 years for talocalcaneal coalition, 14.7 years for calcaneonavicular coalition, and 15.2 years for talonavicular coalition. Bilateral involvement was seen in more than half of the talocalcaneal and talonavicular coalitions. Symptoms were more severe in talocalcaneal and calcaneonavicular coalitions. All patients in these two groups had pain. Talonavicular coalitions either were asymptomatic (picked up on radiographs taken for other complaints) or were associated with painful medial navicular masses. In our study, five of the six patients (81 per cent) had this mass. We report a surprisingly high number of talonavicular coalitions for such a small group. In studies based on the investigation of peroneal spastic flatfoot, this form of coalition is not as frequently encountered. This suggests that talonavicular coalitions may be much more common than the literature to date has suggested. PMID:3129173

Lahey, M D; Zindrick, M R; Harris, E J



State of Washington Department of Ecology criteria pollutants and toxic air polluntants phase II notice of construction for the Hanford Site spent nuclear fuel project--cold vacuum dryingfacility, Project W-441  

SciTech Connect

This Phase 11 notice of construction (NOC) provides the additional information committed to in the Phase I NOC submittal (DOE/RL-96- 55) regarding the air toxic and criteria pollutants that could potentially be emitted during operation of the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). This Phase 11 NOC is being submitted to ensure the CVDF is in full compliance with Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173-460-040(8), `Commencement of Construction`. The Phase I NOC (approved September 30, 1996) was defined as constructing the substructure, including but not limited to, pouring the concrete for the floor, and construction of the exterior. This Phase 11 NOC is being submitted for approval before installation and operation of the process equipment that will generate any potential air emissions at the CVDF, and installation and operation of the emissions control equipment.

Jansky, M.T., Westinghouse Hanford



Lessons Learned and Challenges in Building a Filipino Health Coalition  

PubMed Central

In recent years, community-based coalitions have become an effective channel to addressing various health problems within specific ethnic communities. The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to describe the process involved in building the Kalusugan Coalition (KC), a Filipino American health coalition based in New York City, and (b) to highlight the lessons learned and the challenges from this collaborative venture. The challenges described also offer insights on how the coalition development process can be greatly affected by the partnership with an academic institution on a community-based research project. Because each cultural group has unique issues and concerns, the theoretical framework used by KC offers creative alternatives to address some of the challenges regarding coalition infrastructures, leadership development, unexpected change of coalition dynamics, and cultural nuances. PMID:19098260

Aguilar, David E.; Abesamis-Mendoza, Noilyn; Ursua, Rhodora; Divino, Lily Ann M.; Cadag, Kara; Gavin, Nicholas P.



A model for perceived coalition effectiveness: the relationship of coalition variables to predict cancer councils' organizational capacity to achieve effective community outcomes  

E-print Network


Torrence, William Alvin



Global alliances effect in coalition forming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coalition forming is investigated among countries, which are coupled with short range interactions, under the influence of externally-set opposing global alliances. The model extends a recent Natural Model of coalition forming inspired from Statistical Physics, where instabilities are a consequence of decentralized maximization of the individual benefits of actors. In contrast to physics where spins can only evaluate the immediate cost/benefit of a flip of orientation, countries have a long horizon of rationality, which associates with the ability to envision a way up to a better configuration even at the cost of passing through intermediate loosing states. The stabilizing effect is produced through polarization by the global alliances of either a particular unique global interest factor or multiple simultaneous ones. This model provides a versatile theoretical tool for the analysis of real cases and design of novel strategies. Such analysis is provided for several real cases including the Eurozone. The results shed a new light on the understanding of the complex phenomena of planned stabilization in the coalition forming.

Vinogradova, Galina; Galam, Serge



Washington Monument  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Washington Monument, made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, commemorates the first president of the United States. The monument was damaged in the 2011 Virginia earthquake, but has since been repaired....


Washington University

The Washington University Small Animal Imaging Resource (WUSAIR), one of the five original Small Animal Imaging Resource Program (SAIRP) centers funded in 1999, provides state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure for MRI, PET, CT and optical imaging of mice, rats and other small laboratory animals. Located in the heart of the Washington University Medical Center, WUSAIR combines instrumental and intellectual capabilities found at few other institutions.


Europa Uomo: the European Prostate Cancer Coalition.  


Europa Uomo is a patient-led, non-governmental association (NGO), launched formally in Milan in 2004 with a legal base in Antwerp. As a coalition of prostate cancer patient groups with representation in 18 European countries, the NGO focusses on awareness, early detection, optimal treatment, multi-professional care and, above all, quality of life and patient advocacy. In the majority of European countries prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer affecting men beyond middle age. The incidence and substantial mortality rises with age, peaking in the seventh decade. Standards of diagnosis and treatment vary across Europe and attitudes differ. Information about the early detection and awareness of prostate cancer available to the public leaves much to be desired. Since 2002, involved individuals, patient support groups, patients, family members, physicians, urologists, oncologists and nurses joined in the formation of an independent, international, non-profit association of patient-led prostate cancer support groups from European countries known as Europa Uomo, the European Prostate Cancer Coalition. This Coalition was legally established as an NGO in June 2004 in Milan with the headquarters and secretariat in Antwerp, Belgium. Its membership represents 18 countries by the national or regional groups listed in Table 16.1 with their respective contact persons. The coalition is led by a steering committee under the control of the annual general assembly. The steering committee members and their co-ordinates are listed in Table 16.2. Scientific advice is given by a scientific committee chaired by Prof. H. Van Poppel as the liaison officer with the European Association of Urology (EAU). The support for EAU guidelines appears on the Web site and will be linked to all members in their own language ( The goals and activities of Europa Uomo have been condensed in a series of slides at the request of the Eurocan+Plus collaboration to facilitate international collaboration. These slides have been listed in Tables 16.3, 16.4 16.5, 16.6, 16.7, 16.8, 16.9, 16.10, 16.11, 16.12, 16.13 and 16.14. It should be noted that membership includes supporting activities for patients and adherence to our 10 objectives listed in the manifest (Tables 16.4-16.6). The bottom line is that the coalition focuses on peer-to-peer support, information and education, as well as partnership with professional associations. We in Europa Uomo hope to see the decrease in over-treatment and mortality of prostate cancer by the clinical activities, trials and research of the professional organizations. We have the great opportunity to be supported and sponsored by the European School of Oncology (ESO) and its director Dr. A. Costa. The European Society of Medical oncology (ESMO), the International Consultation of Urological Diseases (ICUD) and the International Prostate Health Council (IPHC) support our advice on scientific data. It is quite natural that all of our members have joined the European Cancer Patients Coalition (ECPC) to speak for all European patients with one voice. We are a young association but ambitious enough to launch several projects in addition to the Web site, such as the Prostate Passport, a global coalition of patient support organizations, and a series of patient symposia. In this way we are able to show our support and collaboration with all health workers, including nurses, social workers, nutritionists and psychologists. We like to conclude this contribution with a list of questions to the experts from our participation in the 6th International Consultation of Urological Diseases (ICUD) symposium in Paris (Hudson et al. 2006). PMID:17432565

Hudson, Tom; Denis, Louis J



Autonomous Protection Mechanism for Joint Networks in Coalition Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any successful coalition cooperation requires efficient communication network connecting the coalition members. Protection of this joint network requires special techniques as it is highly dynamic, heterogenous and a joint network management team can not always be established. To address the requirements for joint network protection, we propose a design of a highly autonomous, adaptive and decentralized agent-based mechanism for network

Martin Rehak; J. Tozicka; M. Pechoucek; M. Prokopova; L. Foltyn



Coalition Building: Cultivating New Partners for Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A coalition is about building power to accomplish change that no one group can reasonably accomplish on its own. A well-defined coalition not only builds power and influence, it broadens support, maximizes resources (e.g., time, money, people and connections), enhances legitimacy, creates synergy, and offers diverse perspectives on issues.…

Curva, Fely; Mosteller, James



Growing Pains: An Evaluation of the SUCCEED Coalition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SUCCEED coalition, one of the NSF Engineering Education Coalitions, was founded on a vision in which all engineering graduates will possess not only highly developed technical skills, but also the attitudes and awareness needed to prosper in the contemporary workplace. This vision manifested itself within SUCCEED by the development of…

Brawner, Catherine E.; Serow, Robert C.


Social Norms Tactics to Promote a Campus Alcohol Coalition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Social norms posters usually contain a normative message, branding, campaign tagline and sponsoring coalition/contact information. There are limited data on which campaign components promote recognition of Campus Alcohol Coalitions (CAC). Purpose: To determine the most effective media channels/incentives to promote recognition of CAC…

Vinci, Debra M.; Philen, Robert C.; Walch, Susan E.; Kennedy, Rebecca; Harrell, Mica; Rime, Carla; Matthews, Jaclyn



A Brief Manual on the Building of a Neighborhood Coalition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for the organization and operation of neighborhood development programs are provided, based on the experiences of a community coalition coordinated by Northern Essex Community College (NECC). This neighborhood development project attempted to provide staff support to local neighborhood associations, structure a coalition among the…

Brown, Stephen; Margolis, Arlene


Quantum Coalition of "n Equipartition" Compound Mode in Minority Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the quantum coalition in an N-player quantum minority game proposed by Benjamin. N players share an initial entangled state and the measure of entanglement of the initial state is p. The coalition size is n (n < N). When N is odd and when N is even with the restricted condition n? N/2, we find a best quantum strategy which can make the expected payoff of each coalition player reach the maximal value in this paper. We compare the expected payoffs of the coalition players before and after the best coalition, and get that whether the players coalition or not is related to p when N is even; when N is odd, the expected payoff can always be improved by coalition which is independent of p. This result provides a theory basis for the choice of the initial state in a minority game. Moreover we propose a quantum minority game with clique-wise entanglement state which can make the expected payoff reach the upper limit and reduce the possibility of coalition.

Zhou, Xiao-fei; Guo, Fen-zhuo; Zhang, Ke-jia



Coalition releases declaration for healthy and productive oceans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coalition releases declaration for healthy and productive oceans A coalition of 13 countries or federal agencies participating in a new Global Partnership for Oceans (GPO) indicated its support for a “Declaration for Healthy and Productive Oceans to Help Reduce Poverty” on 16 June, just prior to the Rio+20 conference in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Showstack, Randy



Building Community Capacity to Prevent Violence through Coalitions and Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the most effective strategy roles that coalitions can play in the prevention of complex, entrenched, social and health problems such as violence, alcoholism, and other substance abuse problems. The paper also outlines the key internal capacities a coalition will need in order to establish a support system for prevention initiatives. (GR)

Chavis, David M.



The National Home Visiting Coalition: A History of Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Home Visiting Coalition represents more than 75 organizations working together to articulate the effectiveness of home visiting to a range of policymakers and stakeholders in the early childhood field. Despite varying program goals and service delivery strategies, the Coalition participants share a commitment to expanding access to…

Callahan, Jane; Gavaghan, Bridget; Howard, Karen; Kelley, Melissa L.; Schwartz, Marvin; Walzer, Sarah



Coalition Brokers or Breakers? Brazilian Governors and Legislative Voting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforms to decentralize political power have taken place in scores of countries during recent decades. Gubernatorial influence can complicate the formation and maintenance of national-level political coalitions. This paper examines the relationship between state-level politics and legislative coalitions through an analysis of voting in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies. We demonstrate that Brazilian legislative parties are relatively disunified in comparative

John M. Carey; Gina Yannitell Reinhardt



Community Health Coalitions in Context: Associations between Geographic Context, Member Type and Length of Membership with Coalition Functions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The coalition literature recognizes context (geography, demographics and history) as a variable of interest, yet few coalition evaluation studies have focused on it. This study explores the association between geographic context and structures (e.g. member type) with functional characteristics (e.g. decision making or levels of conflict) in a…

Sánchez, V.; Sanders, M.; Andrews, M. L.; Hale, R.; Carrillo, C.



The Influence of Community Context on How Coalitions Achieve HIV-Preventive Structural Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community coalition action theory (CCAT) depicts the processes and factors that affect coalition formation, maintenance, institutionalization, actions, and outcomes. CCAT proposes that community context affects coalitions at every phase of development and operation. We analyzed data from 12 "Connect to Protect" coalitions using inductive…

Reed, Sarah J.; Miller, Robin Lin; Francisco, Vincent T.



Coalitional Games in Gaussian Interference Suhas Mathur, Lalitha Sankaranarayanan and Narayan B. Mandayam  

E-print Network

other coalitions. The issue of fairness in allocating rates to members of a grand coalition is addressed using proportional fairness is also presented and the results are illustrated with examples. I in the coalition. The value of a coalition is the maximum information-theoretic rate that can be achieved between

Sankar, Lalitha


Mayors and Local Governing Coalitions in Democratic Countries: A Cross-National Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the form or ‘morphology’ of mayor governing coalitions in municipalities of 11 democratic countries. If there exists an ‘analytical consensus’ regarding the form that these coalitions can adopt, the ‘empirical consensus’ seems to lean toward a modal form: the ‘pro-growth coalition’. Nevertheless, our results show the existence of two other forms of mayor governing coalitions which

Antonia Ramírez Pérez; Clemente J. Navarro Yáñez; Terry N. Clark



Washington Monument  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Washington Monument, made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, commemorates the first president of the United States. It is the tallest stone structure, and is made of two kinds of marble due to a gap in funding. The monument was damaged in the 2011 Virginia earthquake, but has since been r...


Workforce: Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Washington, the demand for well-educated employees will only increase over the next several years. In the decade leading up to 2012, healthcare occupations will see growth of 20 percent. Teachers will be in demand: nearly 9,000 new elementary and middle-school educators will need to be hired. Computer fields will undergo growth of 24 percent,…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2006



Washington University

Washington University Medical School's concept of an In vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center (ICMIC) envisions a process that will permit the Center to become the focal point for the development of novel in vivo molecular imaging initiatives on campus. This involves further expanding and reinforcing collaborations and enhancing the productivity of multidisciplinary programs in basic cancer cell biology and molecular imaging research.


Appalachian regional model for organizing and sustaining county-level diabetes coalitions.  


This article describes a model for developing diabetes coalitions in rural Appalachian counties and presents evidence of their sustainability. The rural Appalachian coalition model was developed through a partnership between two federal agencies and a regional university. Coalitions go through a competitive application process to apply for one-time $10,000 grants. The project has funded 7 to 9 coalitions annually since 2001, reaching 66 total coalitions in 2008. Sustainability of the coalitions is defined by the number of coalitions that voluntarily report on their programs and services. In 2008, 58 of 66 (87%) coalitions in the Appalachian region continue to function and voluntarily submit reports even after their grant funds have been depleted. The factors that may contribute to sustainability are discussed in the article. This model for organizing coalitions has demonstrated that it is possible for coalitions to be maintained over time in rural underserved areas in Appalachia. PMID:21427262

Crespo, Richard; Shrewsberry, Molly; Cornelius-Averhart, Darrlyn; King, Henry B



Cooperation and competition within coalitions of male lions: kin selection or game theory?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male lions form cooperative coalitions which compete against other coalitions for exclusive access to female groups1,2. This cooperation and the apparently low level of intra-coalition competition over oestrous females, have been considered to be due to the close genetic relatedness of the males in the coalition1-4. However, we now present evidence that breeding coalitions of male lions include non-relatives much

Craig Packer; Anne E. Pusey



Unbuilt Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As we look across an urban landscape, sometimes we may wonder: "What might have been here?" Monuments and dramatic buildings are often part of the picture, and in a federal city, there are frequently many structures that are proposed, but never built. This exhibition from the National Building Museum "reveals the Washington that could have been by presenting architectural and urban design projects that were proposed but, for widely varied reasons, never executed." The site has information about the in situ exhibit, along with a fine introductory essay by curator Martin Moeller titled "What Should a Capitol Look Like?" Next up is the interactive "Unbuilt Washington" map, which allows users the opportunity to learn about noteworthy unbuilt projects from the 1790s to the present. Visitors shouldn't miss the rendering of the proposed executive mansion from 1898 created by architect Paul Pelz or the proposal for a National Stadium from 1932.


45 CFR 1370.4 - State domestic violence coalition grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR




Poliheuristic Theory and Alliance Dependence: Understanding Military Coalitions  

E-print Network

the multimethod approach is suggestive of the strength of the poliheuristic theory, with a supporting role of alliance dependence thesis, in understanding participation and burden-sharing decisions on military coalitions. Moreover, though in large part the second...

Park, Joon Guan



Algorithms for the Coalitional Manipulation Problem Michael Zuckerman  

E-print Network

Algorithms for the Coalitional Manipulation Problem Michael Zuckerman Ariel D. Procaccia Jeffrey S grant which supported this work. Microsoft Israel R&D Center, 13 Shenka Street, Herzliya 46725, Israel

Rosenschein, Jeff


COADA: Leveraging Dynamic Coalition P2P Network for Adaptive Content Download COADA: Leveraging Dynamic Coalition Peer-to-Peer Network for Adaptive Content  

E-print Network

COADA: Leveraging Dynamic Coalition P2P Network for Adaptive Content Download 1 COADA: Leveraging,klara,rmalik4,qwang26} #12;COADA: Leveraging Dynamic Coalition P2P Network for Adaptive Content Download 2 Abstract In this paper, we argue that Dynamic Coalition Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Network

Nahrstedt, Klara


Cast Metal Coalition Research and Development Closeout Report  

SciTech Connect

The Cast Metal Coalition, composed of more than 22 research providers and universities and 149 industrial partners, has completed a four-year research and development partnership with the Department of Energy. This report provides brief summaries of the 29 projects performed by the Coalition. These projects generated valuable information in such aspects of the metals industry as process prediction technologies, quality control, improved alloys, product machinability, and casting process improvements.

Allen, D.



Coalitions as a Model for Intersectionality: From Practice to Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual paper uses the concept of coalition to theorize an alternative to categorical approaches to intersectionality\\u000a based on review of an archive of oral history interviews with feminist activists who engage in coalitional work. Two complementary\\u000a themes were identified: the challenge of defining similarity in order to draw members of diverse groups together, and the\\u000a need to address power

Elizabeth R. Cole



Adaptive Coalition Structure Generation in Cooperative Multi-agent Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In multiagent systems a coalition structure is a col- lection of pair-wise disjoint subsets of agents whose union yields the entire population. Given a characteristic funct ion quantifying the worth of agent subsets, searching for optimal coalition structures (i.e. where the sum of subsets' worth i s maximal) is a well-known NP-hard combinatorial optimiza- tion problem. While existing algorithms (either

Giovanni Rossi; Gabriele D'Angelo



The agencies method for coalition formation in experimental games.  


In society, power is often transferred to another person or group. A previous work studied the evolution of cooperation among robot players through a coalition formation game with a non-cooperative procedure of acceptance of an agency of another player. Motivated by this previous work, we conduct a laboratory experiment on finitely repeated three-person coalition formation games. Human players with different strength according to the coalition payoffs can accept a transfer of power to another player, the agent, who then distributes the coalition payoffs. We find that the agencies method for coalition formation is quite successful in promoting efficiency. However, the agent faces a tension between short-term incentives of not equally distributing the coalition payoff and the long-term concern to keep cooperation going. In a given round, the strong player in our experiment often resolves this tension approximately in line with the Shapley value and the nucleolus. Yet aggregated over all rounds, the payoff differences between players are rather small, and the equal division of payoffs predicts about 80% of all groups best. One reason is that the voting procedure appears to induce a balance of power, independent of the individual player's strength: Selfish subjects tend to be voted out of their agency and are further disciplined by reciprocal behaviors. PMID:23175792

Nash, John F; Nagel, Rosemarie; Ockenfels, Axel; Selten, Reinhard



Model Checking Coalition Nash Equilibria in MAD Distributed Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present two OBDD based model checking algorithms for the verification of Nash equilibria in finite state mechanisms modeling Multiple Administrative Domains (MAD) distributed systems with possibly colluding agents (coalitions) and with possibly faulty or malicious nodes (Byzantine agents). Given a finite state mechanism, a proposed protocol for each agent and the maximum sizes f for Byzantine agents and q for agents collusions, our model checkers return PASS if the proposed protocol is an ?-f-q-Nash equilibrium, i.e. no coalition of size up to q may have an interest greater than ? in deviating from the proposed protocol when up to f Byzantine agents are present, FAIL otherwise. We implemented our model checking algorithms within the NuSMV model checker: the first one explicitly checks equilibria for each coalition, while the second represents symbolically all coalitions. We present experimental results showing their effectiveness for moderate size mechanisms. For example, we can verify coalition Nash equilibria for mechanisms which corresponding normal form games would have more than 5 ×1021 entries. Moreover, we compare the two approaches, and the explicit algorithm turns out to outperform the symbolic one. To the best of our knowledge, no model checking algorithm for verification of Nash equilibria of mechanisms with coalitions has been previously published.

Mari, Federico; Melatti, Igor; Salvo, Ivano; Tronci, Enrico; Alvisi, Lorenzo; Clement, Allen; Li, Harry


Does ethico-moral coalition complement to economic coalition? : A response in the periphery of Islamic economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To reason whether the ethical–moral cum economic coalition among the different sets of economy is more efficient with objectives of Islamic Shariah. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a theoretical paper based on the modified model of layers of economic coalition which was initially developed by W. Leontief and P.N. Mathur and tries to evaluate the impact of ethical–moral cum

Toseef Azid; Mehmet Asutay



International Womenâ??s Health Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The growing interest in womenâ??s health and rights can be gauged effectively by the recent emphasis placed on these matters by important leaders such as UN Secretary General Kofi Annan who remarked that â??â?¦the best way for the world to thrive is to ensure that its women have the freedom, power, and knowledge to make decisions affecting their own lives and those of their families and communities.â? The International Womenâ??s Health Coalition (IWHC), founded in 1984, is committed to providing financial assistance to local womenâ??s groups in Africa, Asia, and Latin America as well as through their own advocacy work at intergovernmental conferences. One of the highlights of their site is their â??Featured Resourcesâ? area, which includes a number of recent publications, and a topical list of publications dealing with such issues as youth health, contraception, and HIV/AIDS. Visitors can also search their fact sheet collection, along with annual reports, and speeches. The site is rounded out by a providing visitors the opportunity to sign up to receive email updates in English or Spanish.



An Assessment of the Pacific Regional Cancer Coalition: Outcomes and Implications of a Regional Coalition Internal and External Assessment  

PubMed Central

Significance The Pacific Regional Cancer Coalition Signifi(PRCC) provides regional leadership in the US Affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPI) to implement the Regional Comprehensive Control Plan: 2007–2012, and to evaluate its coalition and partnerships. The Pacific Center of Excellence in the Elimination of Disparities (CEED), aims to reduce cancer disparities and conducts evaluation activities relevant to cancer prevention and control in the USAPI. Purpose The PRCC Self (internal) and Partner (external) Assessments were conducted to assess coalition functioning, regional and national partnerships, sustainability, and the role of regionalism for integrating all chronic disease prevention and control in the Pacific. Methods Self-administered questionnaires and key informant telephone interviews with PRCC members (N=20), and representatives from regional and national partner organizations were administered (N=26). Validated multi item measures using 5-point scales on coalition and partnership characteristics were used. Chronbach's alphas and averages for the measures were computed. Results Internal coalition measures: satisfaction (4.2, SD=0.48) communication (4.0, SD=0.56), respect (4.0, SD=0.60) were rated more highly than external partnership measures: resource sharing (3.5, SD=0.74), regionalism (3.9, SD=0.47), use of findings (3.9, SD=0.50). The PRCC specifically identified its level of “collaboration” with external partners including Pacific CEED. External partners identified its partnership with the PRCC in the “coalition” stage. Principal Conclusions PRCC members and external partners are satisfied with their partnerships. All groups should continue to focus on building collaboration with partners to reflect a truly regional approach to sustain the commitment, the coalitions and the programming to reduce cancer in the USAPI. PRCC and partners should also work together to integrate all chronic disease prevention and control efforts in the Pacific. PMID:22235160

Heckert, Karen A; Buenconsejo-Lum, Lee; Hedson, Johnny; Tamang, Suresh; Palafox, Neal



Evaluating community coalitions for prevention of substance abuse: The case of project freedom  

E-print Network

of coalitions for the prevention of substance abuse. The evaluation addresses five key questions: (a) Was the community mobilized to address substance abuse (Process)? (b) What changes in the community resulted from the coalition (Outcome)? (c) Is there a change...

Fawcett, Stephen B.; Lewis, Rhonda K.; Paine-Andrews, Adrienne; Francisco, Vincent T.; Richter, Kimber P.; Williams, Ella L.; Copple, Barbara



Studying bio-inspired coalition formation of robots for detecting intrusions using game theory.  


In this paper, inspired by the society of animals, we study the coalition formation of robots for detecting intrusions using game theory. We consider coalition formation in a group of three robots that detect and capture intrusions in a closed curve loop. In our analytical model, individuals seek alliances if they think that their detect regions are too short to gain an intrusion capturing probability larger than their own. We assume that coalition seeking has an investment cost and that the formation of a coalition determines the outcomes of parities, with the detect length of a coalition simply being the sum of those of separate coalition members. We derive that, for any cost, always detecting alone is an evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS), and that, if the cost is below a threshold, always trying to form a coalition is an ESS (thus a three-way coalition arises). PMID:19933008

Liang, Xiannuan; Xiao, Yang



77 FR 14393 - Family Violence Prevention and Services/Grants to State Domestic Violence Coalitions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Children and Families Family Violence Prevention and Services/Grants to State Domestic Violence Coalitions AGENCY: Family...and lifelong success in school, community, and at home...Annual State Domestic Violence Coalition Grantee...



Addressing disparities through coalition building: Alabama REACH 2010 lessons learned.  


Community-based coalitions have become accepted vehicles for addressing complex health problems. Few articles have described the challenges and lessons learned from such a process. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: 1) to describe the processes involved in building and maintaining the REACH 2010 Alabama Breast and Cervical Cancer Control Coalition (ABCCCC) and 2) to highlight the lessons learned from this venture. Principles from community-based participatory research were used 1) to establish and maintain the ABCCCC, 2) to build coalition capacity, and 3) to develop breast and cervical cancer interventions. Over 95% of our coalition has been maintained over a 7-year period. The ABCCCC received a total of 17 breast and cervical cancer mini-grants. Adherence to ground rules such as exhibiting respect and trust and practicing open communication helped to solidify our partnership. Lessons learned from the ABCCCC can provide others with an in-depth exploration of the processes involved in coalition formation and maintenance. PMID:16809875

Wynn, Theresa Ann; Johnson, Rhoda E; Fouad, Mona; Holt, Cheryl; Scarinci, Isabel; Nagy, Christine; Partridge, Edward; Dignan, Mark B; Person, Sharina; Parham, Groesbeck



Endoscopic Resection of a Talocalcaneal Coalition Using a Posteromedial Approach  

PubMed Central

Resection is a standard surgical procedure for a talocalcaneal coalition (TCC). A posterior approach is the representative technique for hindfoot endoscopy, and there is only 1 report of endoscopic resection of TCC using this approach. Disadvantages of the posterior approach for TCC are as follows: (1) the indication is limited to posterior-facet coalition, (2) the flexor hallucis longus can be an obstacle in approaching the coalition, (3) the acute insertion angle between the endoscope and instrument reduces operability, and (4) a position change and additional skin incision are essential for conversion to an open procedure. In contrast, a posteromedial approach for TCC with established portals at the entrance and exit of the flexor retinaculum is a useful technique because (1) the indication is allow to middle- and posterior-facet coalitions, (2) increased perfusion pressure allows the creation of sufficient working space, (3) operating the instrument only at the coalition site decreases the risk of tendon injury and neurovascular damage, (4) the obtuse insertion angle between the endoscope and instrument improves operability, and (5) a position change and additional skin incision are unnecessary for conversion to an open procedure. PMID:24749021

Hayashi, Koji; Kumai, Tsukasa; Tanaka, Yasuhito



Perspectives of Community Partners and Researchers about Factors Impacting Coalition Functioning Over Time  

PubMed Central

This study explores organizational and contextual factors impacting coalition functioning across 15 community-researcher coalitions. A mixed methods approach was administered across three time points to assess factors associated with coalition development.. Results indicate benefits and barriers to members’ participation; importance of a clear vision, mission and goals; clear member roles; and impact of historical collaborative efforts. Current findings specified factors in three primary areas that influenced coalition development and sustainability: relationships, infrastructure and processes, and context/environment. PMID:24188351

Doll, Mimi; Harper, Gary W.; Robles-Schrader, Grisel; Johnson, Jason; Bangi, Audrey K.; Velagaleti, Sunaina



Strategies for Building Local Literacy Coalitions as Seen through a Social Capital Lens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy coalitions have been organized in various settings, from small towns and cities to counties and states. Coalitions are alliances "created for the purpose of joint action [and] drawn together by common interests." Literacy coalitions promote the power and pleasure of reading and stimulate community conversations about literacy. This…

Jewiss, Jennifer; Pickard, Larissa Vigue



Academic Health Sciences Library Outreach and a State Cancer Coalition: Collaborative Efforts in the Cancer Battle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Virginia's Claude Moore Health Sciences Library Southwest Virginia Outreach Program provides information services and resources to health organizations, health professionals, students, patients, health consumers, and community coalitions. Extending the Outreach Program partnership to a broader level has allowed the Outreach Librarian to work with a state coalition, the Virginia Cancer Plan Action Coalition. This enhanced program has

Ann Duesing



Testing a Comprehensive Community Problem-Solving Framework for Community Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community problem solving is believed to help coalitions achieve community changes and subsequent population-level reductions in targeted community health problems. This study empirically examined a community problem solving model used by CADCA, a national coalition training organization, to determine if the model explains how coalitions become…

Yang, Evelyn; Foster-Fishman, Pennie; Collins, Charles; Ahn, Soyeon



George Washington Carver  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This month is Black History Month. This week we are going to learn about a famouse African American named George Washington Carver. The following clip is a biography about George Washington Carver George Washington Carver Bio Watch the Flip Book and see what happens! George Wshington Carver Flip Book The following clip is the story of George Washington Carver told my a child using leggos. George Washington Carver Leggo Man ...

Miss Ashton Turner



Building successful coalitions to promote advance care planning.  


This qualitative study explored the challenges and successes of an advance care planning (ACP) coalition formed at the University of Wisconsin called Life Planning 2000. Data were obtained from key informant interviews (n = 24) and grounded theory. Major themes included commitment (the need for leadership, recruitment of key persons, and funding); cohesiveness (disparate groups collaborating toward a common purpose); and outcomes (including educational tool development). Coalitions need to define short-, intermediate-, and long-term goals that result in measurable outcomes and an evaluation process. Resources must be commensurate with goals. Results indicate that strong leadership, paid staff adequate funding, and the collaboration of diverse groups working toward a common goal are essential if a coalition promoting end-of-life (EOL) care planning is to be successful. PMID:16323714

Marchand, Lucille; Fowler, Kathryn J; Kokanovic, Obrad



The rare cuboid-navicular coalition presenting as chronic foot pain.  


Tarsal coalitions are relatively rare diagnoses affecting adolescent patients that typically present with progressive foot pain. Cuboid-navicular coalition, a type of tarsal coalition, is extremely rare with less than 10 reported cases to date. Most prevailing theories reported have described this specific type of coalition as asymptomatic except at specific moments of stress and exercise. The purpose in presenting this case is to demonstrate that cuboid-navicular coalition can be associated with chronic unremitting pain, as in our patient. We present a case of cuboid-navicular fibrocartilaginous coalition in an adolescent patient presenting with chronic foot pain. Furthermore, from an imaging standpoint, radiographic findings are often subtle and radiologists cannot rely on indirect signs such as talar beak in clinching the diagnosis of cuboid-navicular coalition. Instead, abnormal articulation between the cuboid and navicular must be sought. PMID:25688320

Awan, Omer; Graham, James Allen



The Influence of Community Context on How Coalitions Achieve HIV-Preventive Structural Change  

PubMed Central

Community coalition action theory (CCAT) depicts the processes and factors that affect coalition formation, maintenance, institutionalization, actions, and outcomes. CCAT proposes that community context affects coalitions at every phase of development and operation. We analyzed data from 12 Connect to Protect coalitions using inductive content analysis to examine how contextual factors (e.g., economics, collaboration, history, norms, and politics) enhance or impede coalitions’ success in achieving outcomes. Consistent with CCAT, context affected the objectives that coalitions developed and those they completed. Results suggest that local prevention history and political support have particular impact on coalitions’ success in creating structural changes. These data underscore the heuristic value of CCAT, yet also imply that the contextual constructs that affect outcomes are issue specific. PMID:23855017

Reed, Sarah J.; Miller, Robin Lin; Francisco, Vincent T.



The Rare Cuboid-Navicular Coalition Presenting as Chronic Foot Pain  

PubMed Central

Tarsal coalitions are relatively rare diagnoses affecting adolescent patients that typically present with progressive foot pain. Cuboid-navicular coalition, a type of tarsal coalition, is extremely rare with less than 10 reported cases to date. Most prevailing theories reported have described this specific type of coalition as asymptomatic except at specific moments of stress and exercise. The purpose in presenting this case is to demonstrate that cuboid-navicular coalition can be associated with chronic unremitting pain, as in our patient. We present a case of cuboid-navicular fibrocartilaginous coalition in an adolescent patient presenting with chronic foot pain. Furthermore, from an imaging standpoint, radiographic findings are often subtle and radiologists cannot rely on indirect signs such as talar beak in clinching the diagnosis of cuboid-navicular coalition. Instead, abnormal articulation between the cuboid and navicular must be sought. PMID:25688320

Awan, Omer; Graham, James Allen



Reciprocal relations between coalition functioning and the provision of implementation support.  


Community coalitions have been promoted as a strategy to help overcome challenges to the dissemination and implementation of evidence-based prevention programs. This paper explores the characteristics of coalitions that enable the provision of implementation support for prevention programs in general and for the implementation of evidence-based prevention programs with fidelity. Longitudinal cross-lagged panel models were used to study 74 Communities That Care (CTC) coalitions in Pennsylvania. These analyses provide evidence of a unidirectional influence of coalition functioning on the provision of implementation support. Coalition member knowledge of the CTC model best predicted the coalition's provision of support for evidence-based program implementation with fidelity. Implications for developing and testing innovative methods for delivering training and technical assistance to enhance coalition member knowledge are discussed. PMID:24323363

Brown, Louis D; Feinberg, Mark E; Shapiro, Valerie B; Greenberg, Mark T



Hospital-Based Coalition to Improve Regional Surge Capacity  

PubMed Central

Introduction Surge capacity for optimization of access to hospital beds is a limiting factor in response to catastrophic events. Medical facilities, communication tools, manpower, and resource reserves exist to respond to these events. However, these factors may not be optimally functioning to generate an effective and efficient surge response. The objective was to improve the function of these factors. Methods Regional healthcare facilities and supporting local emergency response agencies developed a coalition (the Healthcare Facilities Partnership of South Central Pennsylvania; HCFP-SCPA) to increase regional surge capacity and emergency preparedness for healthcare facilities. The coalition focused on 6 objectives: (1) increase awareness of capabilities and assets, (2) develop and pilot test advanced planning and exercising of plans in the region, (3) augment written medical mutual aid agreements, (4) develop and strengthen partnership relationships, (5) ensure National Incident Management System compliance, and (6) develop and test a plan for effective utilization of volunteer healthcare professionals. Results In comparison to baseline measurements, the coalition improved existing areas covered under all 6 objectives documented during a 24-month evaluation period. Enhanced communications between the hospital coalition, and real-time exercises, were used to provide evidence of improved preparedness for putative mass casualty incidents. Conclusion The HCFP-SCPA successfully increased preparedness and surge capacity through a partnership of regional healthcare facilities and emergency response agencies. PMID:23316266

Terndrup, Thomas E.; Leaming, James M.; Adams, R. Jerry; Adoff, Spencer



Strengthening Ecological Mindfulness through Hybrid Learning in Vital Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this contribution a key policy "tool" used in the Dutch Environmental Education and Learning for Sustainability Policy framework is introduced as a means to develop a sense of place and associated ecological mindfulness. The key elements of this tool, called the vital coalition, are described while an example of its use in practice,…

Sol, Jifke; Wals, Arjen E. J.



Reasoning about Joint Administration of Access Policies for Coalition  

E-print Network

, applications, services Diverse membership Multiple, autonomous domains of security policy administration liabilities or punt implementation to the application layer (w/o a solution) We enforce joint-action via for administration of jointly owned resources minimize trust liabilities #12;Joint Ownership of Coalition Resources

Gligor, Virgil D.


Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization  

E-print Network

Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization Robert Kurzban , John Tooby 28, 2001) Previous studies have established that people encode the race of each individual, this conclusion would be important, because categorizing others by their race is a precondition for treating them

Cosmides, Leda


Omnishambles: Reactions to the Second Year of Coalition Education Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK's Coalition Government completed its second year in office in May 2012. Many of its policies and pronouncements have been divisive and are contributing to the dismantling of the state education system as we have known it. Here, reflecting George Orwell's observation that "Every joke against the established order is a tiny revolution", Colin…

Richards, Colin



Coalition formation with communication ranges and moving targets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A team of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with limited communication ranges and limited resources are deployed in a region to search and destroy stationary and moving targets. When a UAV detects a target, depending on the target resource requirement, it is tasked to form a coalition over the dynamic network formed by the UAVs. In this paper, we develop a

J. M. George; P. B. Sujit; J. B. Sousa; F. L. Pereira



Guide to Performance Management for Community Literacy Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coalitions have key roles in helping their communities accomplish the following: (1) Track the level of literacy in the community; (2) Use that information to help identify what, and how much, literacy assistance is needed; (3) Assess the extent to which community literacy programs are meeting the need, including how well existing literacy…

Hatry, Harry; Morley, Elaine



Talocalcaneal coalition in a 15 year old female basketball player  

PubMed Central

This case reports an adolescent athlete with activity related chronic bilateral dorsal foot pain and stiffness. A 15 year old competitive female basketball player presented to a chiropractor subsequent to an unsuccessful course of conservative treatment for posterior tibial dysfunction. The patient’s plain films were incorrectly read as normal and a CT scan obtained by the radiologist called the findings bilateral osteoarthritis. The patient was awaiting a referral to a rheumatologist at the time of initial consultation with the chiropractor. Examination revealed limited subtalar mobility and review of the images revealed bilateral non-osseous talocalcaneal coalition. The patient was subsequently directed to a pediatric orthopedic surgeon and is scheduled for a resection of the coalition. Primary care practitioners should be aware of this uncommon, but not rare, variable clinical presentation as misdiagnosis and mismanagement could lead to suboptimal patient outcomes. To our knowledge this is the first case report of a patient with tarsal coalition published in chiropractic literature. In addition, this case is the first to report radiographic evidence of chronic mechanical stress to the second metatarsal associated with tarsal coalition. PMID:21120013

Schenkel, David; deGraauw, Jennifer; deGraauw, Christopher



Faculty Practice as Partnership with a Community Coalition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A coalition of community agencies and a nursing school involves nursing students in nontraditional delivery of health-care services to the elderly. Elders report satisfaction with the program but not as much ownership, despite the goal of involving them in program planning and evaluation. (SK)

Gale, Betty J.



Designing Profit Shares in Matching and Coalition Formation Games  

E-print Network

their current partners. Applications of this model include, e.g., matching in job markets, hospitals, colleges a profit that is shared equally among the involved agents. This model has favor- able properties, eDesigning Profit Shares in Matching and Coalition Formation Games Martin Hoefer1 and Lisa Wagner2 1


Unusual coalition seeks tighter NOx standards in northeast  

SciTech Connect

A coalition of environmentalists and major Northeast-based companies, including one utility, have called for stringent new regionwide controls on nitrogen oxides emissions from power plants and industrial facilities. A letter to the Northeastern Governors said the North east could not effectively address its urban smog problem with out significantly tighter limits.

Lobsenz, G.



About the Authors The Muslim American Civil Liberties Coalition (MACLC) is a New York-based coalition of citizens,  

E-print Network

#12;#12;1 About the Authors The Muslim American Civil Liberties Coalition (MACLC) is a New York enforcement, and civil rights, especially as they impact Muslim communities in post-9/11 New York City. MACLC to allow him to hear Muslim communities' concerns with suspicionless surveillance. To date, that invitation

Brinkmann, Peter


Who's who in the crew? Exploring participant involvement in the Active Living Coalition.  


Health coalitions serve as an important "vehicle" to strengthen horizontal and vertical ties between organizations, community groups, and individuals whose intent and purpose is to improve wellness. Having a strong and diverse group of participants is essential for highly effective coalitions to carry out their mission in an organized and participatory manner. However, the extent that individuals become involved in coalition operations and activities remains ambiguous. A grounded theory approach was used to explore expressions of participant involvement of a local health coalition known as the Active Living Coalition (ALC). Open, axial, as well as domain and taxonomic coding were used to analyze transcripts from four focus groups (n=37 participants) in order to develop a participant continuum that captured six network aggregates within the coalition. Findings suggest that participation, for the most part, was heterogeneous and ever-changing given the expectations of the level of partnership that best individuals' personal and professional interests. Differentiating the type of participants in health coalitions can help coalition leaders more successfully "manage" new and existing relationships. Findings imply that health coalitions can maximize coalition capacity by drawing upon the full range of potential human and material resources by further understanding the types of individuals that make up their network. PMID:25812479

Barnes, Priscilla A; Schaefer, Samantha; Middlestadt, Susan; Knoblock, Heidi



Measuring Dimensions of Coalition Functioning for Effective and Participatory Community Practice  

PubMed Central

Social Work has a long history of community practice, but community practice models have been understudied. An important first step in conducting such studies is the establishment of psychometrically sound measures relevant for evaluations of community practice. In this paper, data are used from a community-randomized trial of Communities That Care (CTC), a coalition-based model of community practice shown to be effective at transforming communities and changing rates of youth problem behavior. Coalition functioning is reported by coalition members in 12 communities across intervention implementation phases. A four-dimensional model of coalition functioning (goal-directedness, efficiency, opportunities for participation, and cohesion) was confirmed using factor analysis and the dimensions were found to be invariant across time. One test of validity of these dimensions is conducted by correlating coalition members' ratings of coalition functioning with those of external observers. PMID:24778545

Shapiro, Valerie B.; Oesterle, Sabrina; Abbott, Robert D.; Arthur, Michael W.; Hawkins, J. David



Community coalitions to control chronic disease: Allies against asthma as a model and case study.  


There is a rich and extensive literature regarding coalitions as vehicles for amassing resources, influence, and energy in pursuit of a health goal. Despite insufficient empirical data regarding outcome, a number of observers have posited the aspects of coalition processes thought to lead to goal attainment. The supplement, which this article is part of, is devoted to an examination of how these elements fitted together (or did not) in the seven areas across the United States where Allies coalitions devoted themselves to achieving asthma control. The aim of this article is to present the theoretical bases for the work of the coalitions. It illustrates and emphasizes how the community context influenced coalition development, how membership was involved in and assessed coalition processes and structures, and the community-wide actions that were instituted and the capacities they were trying to strengthen. PMID:16636152

Clark, Noreen M; Doctor, Linda Jo; Friedman, Amy R; Lachance, Laurie L; Houle, Christy R; Geng, Xin; Grisso, Jeane Ann



Health GAP coalition--new group for international treatment access.  


The Health GAP (Global Access Project) Coalition is sending activists to the March meeting on compulsory licensing of patents on essential medical technologies. The new group, which aims to increase global access to essential AIDS and other treatments, is also mobilizing support for the HOPE for Africa Act. The HOPE for Africa Act was introduced in Congress by Rep. Jesse Jackson, Jr., and has 30 cosponsors. The act would prevent the U.S. government from pressuring sub-Saharan African countries into taking more action than required by GATT to protect intellectual property rights. The Health GAP Coalition was started by Dr. Alan Berkman, a New York physician who works with low-income and formerly homeless people and who has worked with national and international AIDS organizations. Contact information is provided. PMID:11366560



Multiplatform GMTI tracking for surveillance and reconnaissance coalition environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is to describe several recent applications of multi-platform ground moving target indicator (GMTI) tracking technology for surveillance and reconnaissance coalition environments. As part of the U.S. Air Force's 1999 Joint Expeditionary Force experiment (JEFX), we demonstrated (in stand-alone mode) GMTI tracking technology for a simulated ground target scenario consisting of 20,000+ military and civilian ground

Robert Popp; Harold Maney; Jon Jones



CPSC 502 - Project paper Complexity and Representation of Coalitional Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coalitional game theory is a sub-area of game theory that models situations where agents can benefit from cooperation. Its representations and solution concepts are NP-hard in the general case. I describe some of the major solution concepts and survey two papers that deal with this general-case in- tractability. The first studies a specific well-motivated coali- tional game and finds that

James Wright


Determinant of coalitional behavior of men and women: Sex roles or situational requirements?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Challenges W. E. Vinacke, J. R. Bond, and T. T. Vesgi's (see PA, Vol. 36:1GE61B, and Vol. 38:2592) hypothesis that women adopt an accommodative or anticompetitive strategy related to sex role. A Coalition Expected Utility (CEU) theory of coalition formation explains the coalition formation of women; no differences are found in strategies adopted between men and women that are related

Sidney I. Lirtzman; Mahmoud A. Wahba



A Multi-Agent Coalition Formation Method Based on Preference Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coordination is one of the fundamental research issues in distributed artificial intelligence and multi-agent systems. Current multi-agent coalition formation methods present two major problems. First, some of these methods can be applied only to cooperative multi-agent systems; second, the algorithms proposed may fail in the formation of the coalitions. This article proposes two methods for problems of agent coalition formation

Samir Aknine; Suzanne Pinson; Melvin F. Shakun



Building and Maintaining an Effective Campus-Wide Coalition for Suicide Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preventing suicide is a commonly shared priority among college administrators, faculty, staff, students, and family members. Coalitions are popular health promotion mechanisms for solving community-wide problems and are valuable in campus-wide suicide prevention efforts. This article provides an example of an effective suicide prevention coalition. Recommendations are offered for other campus-based suicide prevention coalitions. These suggestions are based upon the

Nadine J. Kaslow; Amanda Garcia-Williams; Lauren Moffitt; Mark McLeod; Heather Zesiger; Rachel Ammirati; John P. Berg; Belinda J. McIntosh



Strengthening ecological mindfulness through hybrid learning in vital coalitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution a key policy `tool' used in the Dutch Environmental Education and Learning for Sustainability Policy framework is introduced as a means to develop a sense of place and associated ecological mindfulness. The key elements of this tool, called the vital coalition, are described while an example of its use in practice, is analysed using a form of reflexive monitoring and evaluation. The example focuses on a multi-stakeholder learning process around the transformation of a somewhat sterile pre-school playground into an intergenerational green place suitable for play, discovery and engagement. Our analysis of the policy-framework and the case leads us to pointing out the importance of critical interventions at so-called tipping points within the transformation process and a discussion of the potential of hybrid learning in vital coalitions in strengthening ecological mindfulness. This paper does not focus on establishing an evidence base for the causality between this type of learning and a change in behavior or mindfulness among participants as a result contributing to a vital coalition but rather focusses on the conditions, processes and interventions that allow for such learning to take place in the first place.

Sol, Jifke; Wals, Arjen E. J.



Examination and management of a patient with tarsal coalition.  


The purpose of this case report is to illustrate how the literature can be used to guide clinical decisions related to a relatively uncommon pathological condition of the foot. This case report describes the approach used to examine and treat a 14-year-old boy referred by a physician for physical therapy with a diagnosis of peroneal spastic flatfoot (PSFF). Peroneal spastic flatfoot is a syndrome typically characterized by limited tarsal joint motion, a clonus response of the evertors, and a pes planus deformity. The patient reported having a limp for several years, but he said he was pain-free until he had an inversion injury of his foot. Because the physical therapists had not seen a patient with a diagnosis of PSFF, they reviewed the literature related to PSFF. They describe how their review enhanced their understanding of PSFF and how PSFF is related to the diagnosis of tarsal coalition, a pathological condition eventually identified in this child. Following 5 unsuccessful physical therapy sessions, they referred the patient to another physician who diagnosed a talocalcaneal coalition, a type of tarsal coalition. PMID:9597065

Kelo, M J; Riddle, D L



Coalitions in the quantum Minority game: classical cheats and quantum bullies  

E-print Network

In a one-off Minority game, when a group of players agree to collaborate they gain an advantage over the remaining players. We consider the advantage obtained in a quantum Minority game by a coalition sharing an initially entangled state versus that obtained by a coalition that uses classical communication to arrive at an optimal group strategy. In a model of the quantum Minority game where the final measurement basis is randomized, quantum coalitions outperform classical ones when carried out by up to four players, but an unrestricted amount of classical communication is better for larger coalition sizes.

Flitney, A P; Flitney, Adrian P.; Greentree, Andrew D.



Washington Secretary of State-Washington History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It would seem that every state has a special site dedicated to exploring local and regional history, and Washington is no exception. Working with materials provided by the state library and the state archives, the Secretary of State's office has created these thematic collections of documents, photographs, and archival records for the curious public and researchers. The collections include a number of searchable record databases, including the Washington Census and Naturalization Records, a remembrance of World War I Soldiers, and a territorial timeline that features photographs and documents related to the area's history during this long period. The real standout feature of the site is the Classics in Washington History area, where visitors can peruse the original versions of such narratives as "Ox-team days on the Oregon Trail" by Ezra Meeker and "Pioneer days on Puget Sound" by Seattle founding father, Arthur Denny.


Washington University Financial Statements  

E-print Network

presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, we consider internalWashington University Financial Statements June 30, 2013 and 2012 #12;Washington University Index

Subramanian, Venkat


Washington Update August, 2007  

E-print Network

Washington Update August, 2007 Appropriations Update Congress left Washington for its month-long. "The Administration has asked that Congress demonstrate a path to live within the President's top line to conduct the research vital to the nation's future security." President Signs Innovation Legislation Last


Information Sharing and Security in Dynamic Coalitions Charles E. Phillips, Jr.  

E-print Network

Information Sharing and Security in Dynamic Coalitions Charles E. Phillips, Jr. Computer Science in one crisis and adversaries in another, raising difficult security issues with respect to information on the information sharing and security risks when coalitions are formed in response to a crisis. This paper defines

Lee, Ruby B.


Sustainability: Building Program and Coalition Support. A Prevention 101 Series Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the prevalence of alcohol and other drug abuse and violence on campuses and in communities, programs and coalitions developed to prevent or intervene in these problems are faced with a challenging and long-term task. While the development of coalitions or campus-based prevention programs is a healthy start, these efforts must be sustained…

Glider, Peggy



U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2011-2012  

E-print Network

U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2011-2012 Name #12;U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2011-2012 Lisa Womack Open to Preventing Eating Disorders Page Zakas Undergrad Student, Inter

Acton, Scott


U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2013-2014  

E-print Network

U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2013-2014 Name Department.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2013-2014 Kristina Brown Undergrad Student Undergrad student (CIO Male Educators on Disordered Eating) #12;

Acton, Scott


Using Social Network Analysis to Predict Early Collaboration within Health Advocacy Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within coalitions of consumer advocates formed to advance health insurance coverage expansions, engaging in united advocacy activities soon after formation might be an important precursor to attaining coalition effectiveness in shaping policy. In this article, the authors apply social network analysis (SNA) to examine how organizational…

Honeycutt, Todd C.; Strong, Debra A.



Seven Principles of Success: A Primer for Business-Led Coalitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help business-led coalitions master the seven principles of success in education and workforce development, this primer begins with a discussion of the problems stemming from the structural transition underway in the U.S. economy, an overview of the 21st century workforce system, and the potential role of business-led coalitions in…

Theis, Audrey; Creticos, Peter; McMahon, Amanda


Agent Reasoning Mechanism for Long-term Coalitions Based on Decision Making and Trust  

E-print Network

that are formed of both customer and vendor agents. We present a coalition formation mechanism designed coalitions, agent trust model, agent decision making, evaluation 1. Introduction Group formation and activity received an increasing amount of attention in recent years, as the potential benefits of such close agent

Vassileva, Julita



E-print Network

COALITION FOR A SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL WORKFORCE 2013 AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE WORKFORCE CENSUS #12;Summary SUMMARY In January 2013, CSAW (Coalition for a Sustainable Agricultural Workforce) conducted understand their projected, near-term needs for hiring domestic agricultural scientists. Answers from the six

Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"


MPRAMunich Personal RePEc Archive Core and Coalitional Fairness: The Case  

E-print Network

MPRAMunich Personal RePEc Archive Core and Coalitional Fairness: The Case of Information Sharing, posted 18. July 2014 05:16 UTC #12;CORE AND COALITIONAL FAIRNESS: THE CASE OF INFORMATION SHARING RULE fairness. The set of agents is modelled by a mixed market consisting of some large agents and an ocean

Bandyopadhyay, Antar


Small Coalitions: Lightweight Collaboration for Efficient P2P Downloads Ghassan Karame  

E-print Network

Small Coalitions: Lightweight Collaboration for Efficient P2P Downloads Ghassan Karame ETH Zürich--Peer-to-peer (P2P) architectures are gaining in- creasing popularity in disseminating content to a large number of current P2P architectures. Small coalitions bridge the gap between ineffi- cient non-cooperative and fully

Capkun, Srdjan


Adaptation to Climate Change: How does Heterogeneity in Adaptation Costs Affect Climate Coalitions?  

E-print Network

Adaptation to Climate Change: How does Heterogeneity in Adaptation Costs Affect Climate Coalitions? Itziar Lazkano Walid Marrouch Bruno Nkuiya§ Abstract We examine how adaptation to climate change affects of two aspects of adaptation on the incentives to join a coalition. First, we analyze cross

Spino, Claude


An Investigation of Systemic Conceptualizations of Parent–Child Coalitions and Symptom Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two important theoretical assumptions of family therapy were examined: (a) Child behavior problems are associated with cross-generational coalitions, and (b) treatment of these coalitions using family therapy leads to decreases in individual symptomatology. Ss were 45 delinquent adolescents assigned to multisystemic therapy (MST) or individual therapy and 16 well-adjusted adolescents. Pretreatment and posttreatment assessments included measures of observed family relations

Barton J. Mann; Charles M. Borduin; Scott W. Henggeler; David M. Blaske



One Step Forward, Two Steps Back? Skills Policy in England under the Coalition Government  

E-print Network

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back? Skills Policy in England under the Coalition Government SKOPE Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition government, and considers the prospects for a more integrative to break decisively with New Labour's debt-fuelled growth model, which he alleged had culminated in a `near

Davies, Christopher


Analysis of calcaneonavicular coalitions using multi-planar three-dimensional computed tomography  

PubMed Central

Purpose Computed tomography (CT) is the current imaging standard for confirming the diagnosis of a calcaneonavicular coalition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate three-dimensional (3D) multi-planar CT images of calcaneonavicular coalitions and adjacent tarsal relationships, compared to controls, in order to obtain an understanding of the 3D anatomy for classification and as an aid to surgical resection. Methods All patients who underwent CT of bilateral feet at our institution to evaluate a suspected calcaneonavicular coalition between 9/2005 and 3/2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Seventy-four feet (37 patients) were included in this analysis. In addition, 12 patients with a presumed normal calcaneonavicular relationship, who underwent CT of bilateral feet for various other diagnoses, were included as a control cohort. Seven measurements were performed on the 3D reconstructions to quantify the shape of the coalition (dorsal and plantar widths of the calcaneal and navicular contributions, coalition depth of the calcaneal and navicular contributions, and coalition length). The coalitions were classified into four types based on their appearance and their relationship to adjacent tarsal bones. Results 32/37 patients (86%) were noted to have bilateral involvement (69 coalitions). Coalitions were categorized into four types: Type I (forme fruste)—28%, Type II (fibrous)—23%, Type III (cartilaginous)—45% and Type IV (osseous)—4%. The average shape of the coalition was found to be a curved wedge, which was on average 16 mm wide dorsally, 7 mm wide on the plantar surface, 10 mm in length, and 25 mm in depth. Conclusions 3D CT reconstructions enabled the classification of the spectrum of calcaneonavicular coalitions. The shape of the cuboid was found to correlate with the extent of ossification. In Type I or II coalitions, the cuboid extended medially plantar to the fibrous connection. In more complete Type III or IV coalitions, the cuboid was “squared off” and remained lateral to the osseous bridge. An understanding of the 3D anatomy is important when diagnosing milder forms of coalitions, and during resection in order to avoid iatrogenic injury to the calcaneus, head of the talus, or cuboid. PMID:19308558

Upasani, Vidyadhar V.; Chambers, Reid C.



In Washington, the energy industry isn't going to be the enemy anymore  

SciTech Connect

Lobbyists from the energy industries anticipate a return to easier times when the pro-business Republicans take office. The power and influence lodged in corporate headquarters, trade groups, paid lobbyists, and lawyers will become more visible in Washington, although the exact nature of the power will probably remain difficult to define because of its fluid structure. Several new coalitions and associations have formed to be sure that all the policy questions are covered. Shifts in Congressional committee leadership will intensify the changes. The already cordial communications between the White House and the energy industry are expected to improve even more now that industry won't be viewed as the enemy. (DCK)

Madison, C.



Amphibians of Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource on the Amphibians of Washington State has recently been placed online. Created by Brad Moon at the University of Washington at Seattle's Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (Herpetology Section), the Website features northwestern amphibians. The Website is organized by Order, Family, and Species, with details provided for some species, including a color photograph, written description, and information on Distribution, Habitat, Cool Biology Facts, and Conservation status. Other information accessible via links includes distribution maps, identification keys, phylogenetic information, and online bibliographies. For students and researchers seeking basic information and natural history facts on Washington's amphibians, this resource is a nice reference.

Moon, Brad.


ACM Washington Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ACM Washington Update is a biweekly electronic publication of the US Public Policy Office of the Association for Computing Machinery (USACM). The Association for Computing Machinery is an international professional society whose 75,000 members (60,000 in the US) represent a critical mass of computer scientists in education, industry, and government. The USACM provides a means for promoting dialogue on technology policy issues with US policy makers and the general public. The Washington Update reports on activities in Washington that may be of interest to those in the computing and information policy communities and will highlight USACM's involvement in many of these issues.


Energy Matters in Washington State  

E-print Network

Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

Collins, Gary S.


Eider females form non-kin brood-rearing coalitions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Kin selection is a powerful tool for understanding cooperation among individuals, yet its role as the sole explanation of cooperative societies has recently been challenged on empirical grounds. These studies suggest that direct benefits of cooperation are often overlooked, and that partner choice may be a widespread mechanism of cooperation. Female eider ducks (Somateria mollissima) may rear broods alone, or they may pool their broods and share brood-rearing. Females are philopatric, and it has been suggested that colonies may largely consist of related females, which could promote interactions among relatives. Alternatively, shared brood care could be random with respect to relatedness, either because brood amalgamations are accidental and nonadaptive, or through group augmentation, assuming that the fitness of all group members increases with group size. We tested these alternatives by measuring the relatedness of co-tending eider females in enduring coalitions with microsatellite markers. Females formed enduring brood-rearing coalitions with each other at random with respect to relatedness. However, based on previous data, partner choice is nonrandom and dependent on female body condition. We discuss potential mechanisms underlying eider communal brood-rearing decisions, which may be driven by the specific ecological conditions under which sociality has evolved in this species.

Ost, M.; Vitikainen, E.; Waldeck, P.; Sundstrom, L.; Lindstrom, K.; Hollmen, Tuula; Franson, J.C.; Kilpi, Mikael



The Coalition for Sustainable Egg Supply project: An introduction.  


In the United States, empirical information on the sustainability of commercial-scale egg production is lacking. The passage of state regulations specific to hen housing created urgency to better understand the effects of different housing systems on the sustainability of the egg supply, and stimulated the formation of a coalition, the Coalition for a Sustainable Egg Supply (CSES), to conduct research on this topic. The CSES is a multi-stakeholder group with 27 members, including food manufacturers, research institutions, scientists, restaurants, food service, retail food companies, egg suppliers, and nongovernmental organizations. A commercial-scale study was developed to better understand the effect of 3 housing systems (conventional cage, enriched colony, and cage-free aviary) on 5 areas related to a sustainable egg supply. These 5 sustainability areas represent effects on people, animals, and the environment: animal health and well-being, environment, food safety, worker health and safety, and food affordability. Five teams of scientists, each associated with a sustainability area, conducted an integrated field study at a commercial site in the upper Midwest through 2 flock cycles in 3 housing systems. This paper provides a brief overview of the CSES project to serve as an introduction for the papers that follow in this volume of Poultry Science. PMID:25737565

Swanson, J C; Mench, J A; Karcher, D



My own, private Washington  

E-print Network

Recent affairs in Washington D.C. are beginning to lay the foundation for a new exploration of architecture. The division line between national and corporate identities, their spatial relationship to the public realm are ...

Galletly, Adam Benjamin



Bilateral Tarsal Coalition in a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Basketball Player: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Objective To present a case of bilateral subtalar joint coalition in a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I basketball player and the treatment plan that was used to manage the coalition from the beginning of conference play through the postseason. Background A 20-year-old male basketball athlete (height = 182.8 cm, mass = 83.4 kg) presented with bilateral subtalar joint tarsal coalition that became symptomatic in 2006 and resulted in constant pain with any form of activity. Differential Diagnosis Traumatic injury of the talocalcaneal joint. Treatment Nonsurgical intervention of conservative therapy was elected. Uniqueness Less than 13% of the overall population is affected with tarsal coalition, so it is safe to assume that very few athletes competing at the collegiate or elite level suffer from this condition. This is the first report in the literature to document conservative manual therapies used to manage the symptoms of subtalar joint tarsal coalition in a Division I basketball player. Conclusions After the intensive treatment program for tarsal coalition was implemented, the patient experienced pain relief and was able to continue to compete at a competitive level. This case represents the need to further explore and document a conservative treatment protocol for tarsal coalition. PMID:23182021

Suits, Julie M.; Oliver, Gretchen D.



Tarsal coalitions in the adult population: does treatment differ from the adolescent?  


There is a paucity of information on adult coalitions without large, well-designed outcome studies. Current recommendations are thus similar to those for adolescents. Based on the available literature, current recommendations include an initial trial of adequate nonoperative treatment in symptomatic coalitions. Unlike adolescent coalitions, nonoperative treatment may be even more effective in the adult patient as many are asymptomatic or discovered after injury. If nonoperative treatment fails, then surgical intervention is considered and tailored to the location of the coalition, existing advanced arthrosis, and any existing deformity. Similar to the adolescent, surgical treatment for adult calcaneonavicular coalitions typically involves an attempt at resection with some type of interposition. Resection can be attempted for talocalcaneal coalitions that do not present with advanced arthrosis or significant hindfoot malalignment. For those patients with advanced arthrosis, more than 50% involvement of the joint hindfoot malalignment, subtalar or triple arthrodesis is recommended. The decision between resection and arthrodesis is controversial in the adolescent population. With few outcome studies in adults, it is even more difficult to make definitive treatment recommendations; however, the indications for resection are likely even more limited. It is likely that the adult subtalar coalition that becomes symptomatic and fails nonoperative treatment will require arthrodesis for full pain relief and improvement in objective outcome measures, such as the AOFAS hindfoot score. Our treatment algorithm focuses first on a trial of nonoperative treatment of at least 3 months regardless of coalition location. After failed nonoperative treatment, calcaneonavicular coalitions are in most cases treated with excision and interpositional fat graft. For talocalcaneal coalitions, resection is offered to patients with neutral hindfoot alignment, some preservation of subtalar joint motion and no adjacent joint arthrosis. The patients are advised that the outcome after resection of talocalcaneal coalitions is less predictable than resection of calcaneonavicular coalitions. Those patients with absent subtalar motion and relatively normal hindfoot alignment are candidates for in situ fusion of the subtalar joint. For those patients with greater than 15° of valgus hindfoot malalignment on a weight-bearing hindfoot alignment view or adjacent joint arthrosis, a triple arthrodesis is recommended with or without medial displacement osteotomy of the calcaneus. Adjacent joint arthrosis may be determined by radiographs, CT scan, or preoperative MRI. PMID:22541520

Thorpe, Steven W; Wukich, Dane K



Global change information support: A north-south coalition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On a daily basis we become more aware that our planet, earth, exists in a delicate balance; we, its inhabitants, must be informed caretakers. Global change communities have emerged around the globe to address this multidisciplinary subject. Information systems that integrate text, bibliographic, numeric and visual data are needed to support these global change communities. No one information center can hope to collect all the relevant data. Rather, we must form a coalition, North and South, to collect and provide access to disparate, multidisciplinary sources of information, and to develop standardized tools for documenting and manipulating this data and information. International resources need to be mobilized in a coordinated manner to move us towards this goal. This paper looks at emerging information technologies that can be utilized to build such a system, and outlines some cooperative North/South strategies.

Blados, Walter R.; Cotter, Gladys A.



Stable structures of coalitions in competitive and altruistic military teams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In heterogeneous battlefield teams, the balance between team and individual objectives forms the basis for the internal topological structure of teams. The stability of team structure is studied by presenting a graphical coalitional game (GCG) with Positional Advantage (PA). PA is Shapley value strengthened by the Axioms of value. The notion of team and individual objectives is studied by defining altruistic and competitive contribution made by an individual; altruistic and competitive contributions made by an agent are components of its total or marginal contribution. Moreover, the paper examines dynamic team effects by defining three online sequential decision games based on marginal, competitive and altruistic contributions of the individuals towards team. The stable graphs under these sequential decision games are studied and found to be structurally connected, complete, or tree respectively.

Aurangzeb, M.; Mikulski, D.; Hudas, G.; Lewis, F. L.; Gu, Edward



Discovery day: A community coalition for science awareness  

SciTech Connect

This is a science awareness outreach program which drew approximately half a percent of Monterey County`s inhabitants for one day of hands-on science activities. Monterey County is about half the size of Massachusetts, but with a relatively small population (376,000). Yet, children from more than 120 rural and urban schools, along with their parents participated in DISCOVERY DAY 1993. Discovery Day is an outgrowth of a 1989 science fair workshop attended by about 60 students. Explosive growth came after changing from a goal-oriented workshop theme to an activity-based hands-on program emphasizing participation, enjoyment and the fascination value of science. Scaled to larger metropolitan areas, this six hour science program drew as many attendees as a professional sports team; the difference for our event being that participants far outnumbered spectators. The event is sponsored by the Monterey County Science and Engineering Fair Coalition, which includes the Monterey County Herald, First National Bank of Central California, Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey County Office of Education, Lyceum of Monterey County, Junior League of Monterey County, Naval Postgraduate School and the California American Water Company. The ownership of this event has expanded to a truly community-wide coalition as members of other organizations interested in science education provide activities, experiments and personnel. These include teachers from local elementary, middle and high schools, both public and private, community colleges, staff from the community hospital and the Monterey City Library, members of MOOSE (Monterey Organization Of Science Educators) and the local Sigma Xi Club. Local merchants contributed to insure success of this science awareness day. It was gratifying to observe that support for science education extended beyond our parocial circle of scientists.

Maruyama, X.K.; Sanders, J. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States); Bull, E. [Monte Vista School, Monterey, CA (United States)



Rebuild America Program – Brazos Valley Energy Conservation Coalition – Quarterly Report for July – September 1998  

E-print Network

The Brazos Valley Energy Conservation Coalition (BVECC), administered by the Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL) of Texas A&M University, in College Station, Texas received notification of the U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE)-Rebuild America award...

Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.



U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2010-2011  

E-print Network

U.Va. Coalition on Eating Disorders Exercise Concerns Membership List, 2010-2011 Name Department (Medicine, CAPS) Amy Chestnutt Women's Center Amy Kokemor Intramural

Whittle, Mark


A kernel-oriented model for coalition-formation in general environments: Implementation and results  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a model for coalition formation and payoff distribution in general environments. We focus on a reduced complexity kernel-oriented coalition formation model, and provide a detailed algorithm for the activity of the single rational agent. The model is partitioned into a social level and a strategic level, to distinguish between regulations that must be agreed upon and are forced by agent-designers, and strategies by which each agent acts at will. In addition, we present an implementation of the model and simulation results. From these we conclude that implementing the model for coalition formation among agents increases the benefits of the agents with reasonable time consumption. It also shows that more coalition formations yield more benefits to the agents.

Shehory, O.; Kraus, S. [Bar Ilan Univ., Ramat Gan (Israel)



Coalitions for Impacting the Health of a Community: The Summit County, Ohio, Experience  

PubMed Central

Abstract Community coalitions have the potential to catalyze important changes in the health and well-being of populations. The authors demonstrate how communities can benefit from a multisector coalition to conduct a community-wide surveillance, coordinate activities, and monitor health and wellness interventions. Data from Summit County, Ohio are presented that illustrate how this approach can be framed and used to impact community health positively across communities nationwide. By jointly sharing the responsibility and accountability for population health through coalitions, communities can use the Health Impact Pyramid framework to assess local assets and challenges and to identify and implement programmatic and structural needs. Such a coalition is well poised to limit duplication and to increase the efficiency of existing efforts and, ultimately, to positively impact the health of a population. (Population Health Management 2013;16:246—254) PMID:23537155

Janosky, Janine E.; Armoutliev, Erin M.; Benipal, Anureet; Kingsbury, Diana; Snyder, Karen L.; Riley, Penny



77 FR 42738 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From the Coalition for Quality and Patient...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From the Coalition for Quality and Patient Safety of Chicagoland (CQPS PSO) AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act...



Interracial political coalitions: an analysis of justice for janitors campaigns in Houston, TX  

E-print Network

oppressed groups have been relatively rare in United States' history. Political scientists and sociologists have revised downward early predictions of coalitions among these groups. Most contemporary social science details the problems confronting...

Bracey, Glenn Edward



Membership rules and stability of coalition structures in positive externality games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the stability of coalition structures under six institutional settings of treaty formation in positive\\u000a externality games. We argue that many economic problems belong to the class of positive externality games (i.e. outsiders\\u000a benefit from the formation of coalitions) and hence our results can be applied to many situations. It is shown that it is\\u000a easier to sustain

Michael Finus; Bianca Rundshagen



How much does a vote count? Voting power, coalitions, and the Electoral College  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an election the probability that a single voter is decisive is afiected by the electoral system|that is, the rule for aggregating votes into a single outcome. Under the assumption that all votes are equally likely (i.e., ran- domvoting),weprovethattheaverageprobabilityofavotebeingdecisiveis maximizedunderapopular-vote(orsimplemajority)ruleandislowerunder any coalition system, such as the U.S. Electoral College system, no matter how complicated. Forming a coalition increases the decisive

Jonathan N. Katzz


Evaluation of a successful fetal alcohol spectrum disorder coalition in Ontario, Canada.  


Leading a successful coalition that benefits both the members and the community is a difficult task. Coalitions are complex and require a great deal of skill to initiate, lead, and evaluate. This article examines a successful coalition, developed to build community capacity to address fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). FASD is a complex, multidimensional health issue common in many communities. Coalitions can be effective in tackling these types of issues and fit with community capacity-building approaches to health promotion. The Internal Coalition Outcome Hierarchy (ICOH) model (Cramer, Atwood, & Stoner, 2006a, 2006b) is used to retrospectively examine the internal constructs of the FASD Action Network and provide useful lessons learned for other coalition leaders and public health nurses. This hierarchical model demonstrates that sound internal processes lead to more successful outcomes and ultimately an increased impact on community issues. The usefulness of ICOH as a tool in evaluating the FASD Action Network and its application to other health-promotion situations with community capacity goals is described in this article. PMID:20525096

Clarke-McMullen, Donna M



Southeast Washington Subbasin Planning Ecoregion  

E-print Network

Southeast Washington Subbasin Planning Ecoregion Wildlife Assessment Paul R. Ashley and Stacey H. Stovall 2004 #12;DRAFT SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON SUBBASIN PLANNING ECOREGION WILDLIFE ASSESSMENT i Table .................................................................57 Eastside (Interior) Riparian Wetlands


Southeast Washington Subbasin Planning Ecoregion  

E-print Network

Southeast Washington Subbasin Planning Ecoregion Wildlife Assessment Paul R. Ashley and Stacey H. Stovall 2004 #12;SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON SUBBASIN PLANNING ECOREGION WILDLIFE ASSESSMENT i Table of Contents .................................................................57 Eastside (Interior) Riparian Wetlands


November 2012 Washington Shellfish Initiative  

E-print Network

November 2012 Washington Shellfish Initiative Scientific Summary of Ocean Acidification Panel on Ocean Acidification #12;NOTICE from NOAA Mention of a commercial company or product does and Back Cover Graphic: Acknowledgments: Scientific Summary of Ocean Acidification in Washington State


Washington University Consolidated Financial Statements  

E-print Network

of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In makingWashington University Consolidated Financial Statements June 30, 2014 and 2013 #12;Washington ................................................................................................................1 Consolidated Financial Statements Statements of Financial Position

Grant, Gregory


The people vote on abortion funding: Colorado and Washington.  


On Election Day 1984, Colorado voters narrowly approved an amendment to the state constitution cutting off all public funds for abortion. That same Election Day saw an effort to end abortion funding in the state of Washington fail decisively. In both states, the effort to terminate funding was led by antiabortion activists who sought to characterize the issue as an economic one. Failure of the Colorado Taxpayers for Choice to emphasize the economic impact of the amendment appears to have been a fatal mistake. The coalition, for example, never publicized the fact that the state pays US$400 for prenatal care and US$1,400 for normal delivery, compared with an average of US$269 for an abortion. It emphasized more than any other theme that the amendment would threaten the rights of all women in Colorado to obtain an abortion--claims that were perceived by the public to be exaggerated, even hysterical. The Washington Taxpayers for Choice, on the other hand, confronted the cost issue directly and provided convincing evidence that that the new law would ultimately cost taxpayers millions of dollars. In addition, some political experts believe that that a "grass roots" network of local political activists who go door-to-door canvassing, public speaking and telephoning is essential to prevailing in a referendum. This appears to have been the case in Washington, where abortion foes did not have nearly as extensive a grass roots organization as Washington Taxpayes for Choice. In Colorado, grass roots support for abortion rights has never been fully developed, largely because the governor has maintained a strong prochoice stand for the past 11 years. Groups in California, Oregon, Washington and Massachusetts have announced their intention to terminate public funding for abortions through voter initiatives in the 1986 elections. In any antifunding referendum, voters must be shown clearly that a cutoff of abortion funds could actually cost taxpayers millions of dollars for prenatal care, childbirth and public assistance expenses. Taxpayers for Choice in Washington made that argument successfully. PMID:3842805

Donovan, P




EPA Science Inventory

Since January, 2000, the Washington Department of Ecology has been monitoring for air toxics at two sites in Seattle, Beacon Hill and Georgetown. The Beacon Hill site is in an area of high population density that reflects conditions in a "typical" urban residential neighborhood a...


2014 Landslide in Washington State  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Photograph from an aerial survey showing the extent and impacts from the landslide in northwest Washington that occurred on March 22, 2014. The survey was conducted by the Washington State Department of Transportation, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, USGS, and King County Sheriff's...


GW University Washington Circle  

E-print Network

of Professional and Healthcare MBA Programs The George Washington University 2201 G Street, Duques Hall, Suite 550 of the possibilities. The "2+2" brings 2 high school students and 2 mentors together in a learning team. The students of the day, "2+2" will be greater than 4. Through a series of workshops and training programs led by GWSB MBA

Vertes, Akos


Washington: Hanford Nuclear Reservation  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

... "before and after" views of the area around the Hanford Nuclear Reservation near Richland, Washington. On June 27, 2000, a fire in the ... since 1996. MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, ...



University of Washington

The mechanism to be used by the investigators is the development and testing of methods in tandem with existing clinical cancer trials that include PET imaging. This includes imaging studies performed locally at the University of Washington, in small multi-center trials as part of a regional network directed by our cancer center, and as a participant in national multi-center trials.


Washington's Instant University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the problems involved in merging Federal City College (FCC), District of Columbia Teachers College (DCTC), and Washington Technical Institute (WTI) into the University of the District of Columbia (DCU) by September 1976. Background of the three public institutions and legislation by the 93rd Congress mandating the consolidation are…

Gordon, Suzanne



Washington County Comprehensive plan  

E-print Network

Washington County Comprehensive plan · 2010 4. makIng The Case for PlannIng 17 Collective vs. Individual Inventory & Assessment - Bodies of Water: Lakes, Rivers, and Streams 81 Inventory & Assessment - Forests and Parkland 82 Inventory & Assessment - Wetlands 82 Inventory & Assessment - Agricultural/Farmland 82


Washington's Bold Reformer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a year, the debate, press coverage, and buzz in Washington, D.C., have swirled over whether someone so different--and so relatively inexperienced--can deliver sweeping change. And presidential hopeful Barack Obama hasn't been the only one receiving that kind of unrelenting scrutiny. This article describes Michelle Rhee who became…

Schachter, Ron



Initiative Process in Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an introduction to the Seattle University Law Review's Symposium on the initiative process in Washington. In this Symposium, the authors address a variety of issues associated with the initiative process in our state. They examine the specific case of Initiative 695, the role of the courts in reviewing initiatives, the application of the Republican Government Clause in the

Philip A. Talmadge




EPA Science Inventory

The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...


An ecological assessment of community-based interventions for prevention and health promotion: Approaches to measuring community coalitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented an ecological assessment of a community coalition to prevent alcohol, tobacco, and other drug abuse, and related\\u000a risks. Ecological assessment is defined as occurring at multiple social levels and along a continuum of stages of coalition\\u000a readiness. The assessment is aided by the triangulation, or combining of assessment methods and strategies. Measures used\\u000a to assess the coalition's formation, implementation

Robert M. Goodman; Abraham Wandersman; Matthew Chinman; Pam Imm; Erin Morrissey



Maternal toxicity.  


Although demonstration of some degree of maternal toxicity is required in regulatory developmental toxicology studies, marked maternal toxicity may be a confounding factor in data interpretation. Reduction in maternal body weight gain is the far most frequently used endpoint of toxicity, but alternative endpoints, like organ toxicity or exaggerated pharmacological response, can also be taken into consideration. The following conclusions are based on literature data and discussions at maternal toxicity workshops attended by representatives from regulatory agencies, academia, and industry: (1) Available results do not support that maternal toxicity (defined as clinical signs, decreased body weight gain or absolute body weight loss of up to 15% in rats or 7% in rabbits) can be used to explain the occurrence of major malformations. (2) There is clear evidence that substantial reductions in maternal weight gain (or absolute weight loss) are linked with other manifestations of developmental toxicity. Among these can be mentioned decreased fetal weight, and skeletal anomalies (e.g., wavy ribs) in rats and decreased fetal weights, post implantation loss, abortions, and some skeletal anomalies in rabbits. (3) There are several examples of misinterpretation among companies, where it was incorrectly expected that regulatory authorities would not label chemicals/drugs as "teratogens/developmental toxicants" because embryo fetal adverse effects were only observed at doses also causing signs of maternal toxicity. (4) Similarly, even if mechanistic studies indicate that a substance causes developmental toxicity via exaggerated pharmacological effects in the mother, such a mechanism does not automatically negate the observed fetal adverse effects.From a regulatory perspective, an observed developmental toxic finding is considered to be of potential human relevance (even if it is mediated via maternal pharmacological effects or occur at doses causing signs of maternal toxicity) unless the company can provide appropriate mechanistic and/or other convincing evidence to the contrary. PMID:23138914

Danielsson, Bengt R



Coalition Building and Functioning Selecting, implementing, and evaluating teen pregnancy prevention interventions: Lessons from the CDC's Community Coalition Partnership Programs for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To summarize 13 communities' experiences with selecting, implementing, and evaluat- ing teen pregnancy prevention interventions within the CDC Community Coalition Partnership Programs for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy. The study focuses on decision-making processes and barriers encountered in five categories of interventions: reproductive health services, reproduc- tive health education, parent-child communication, male involvement, and programs for pregnant and parenting

Darlene L. Shearer; Susan L. Gyaben; Kaia M. Gallagher; Lorraine V. Klerman; Rhea Chiles


Washington Wildlife Mitigation Projects : Final Programmatic Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact.  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to fund the portion of the Washington Wildlife Mitigation Agreement (Agreement) pertaining to wildlife habitat mitigation projects to be undertaken in a cooperative effort with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). This Agreement serves to establish a monetary budget funded by BPA for projects proposed by Washington Wildlife Coalition members and approved by BPA to protect, mitigate, and improve wildlife and/or wildlife habitat within the State of Washington that has been affected by the construction of Federal dams along the Columbia River. This Environmental Assessment examines the potential environmental effects of acquiring and/or improving wildlife habitat within five different project areas. These project areas are located throughout Grant County and in parts of Okanogan, Douglas, Adams, Franklin, Kittias, Yakima, and Benton Counties. The multiple projects would involve varying combinations of five proposed site-specific activities (habitat improvement, operation and maintenance, monitoring and evaluation, access and recreation management, and cultural resource management). All required Federal, State, and tribal coordination, permits and/or approvals would be obtained prior to ground-disturbing activities.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; Washington (State). Dept. of Fish and Wildlife.



Coalition for Plasma Science (CPS) Education and Outreach Activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Coalition for Plasma Science (, is a group of ``ldots institutions, organizations, and companies joining forces to increase awareness and understanding of plasma science and its many applications and benefits for society.'' Some examples of CPS educational activities to be presented are: (1) Construction and maintenance of a web page. The web page includes a ``Plasma Page,'' a compilation of brief, clear summaries of plasma-related news; a section (under development) with demonstrations for teachers and students; and a ``A Teacher's Guide to Plasma Science on the Web,'' a page that provides links to a wide range of plasma-related education sites. Most of the educational sites are analyzed for consistency with national science standards. (2) Luncheon presentations on plasma topics of broad interest to Members of Congress and their staffs. Speakers for these luncheons have addressed such topics as the value of plasmas in K-12 science education, and the use of plasma propulsion for space travel. (3) The organization of media panels at professional society meetings.

Berry, L. A.; Ripin, B. H.



Hormonal mechanisms for regulation of aggression in human coalitions.  


Coalitions and alliances are core aspects of human behavior. All societies recognize alliances among communities, usually based in part on kinship and marriage. Aggression between groups is ubiquitous, often deadly, fueled by revenge, and can have devastating effects on general human welfare. Given its significance, it is surprising how little we know about the neurobiological and hormonal mechanisms that underpin human coalitionary behavior. Here we first briefly review a model of human coalitionary behavior based on a process of runaway social selection. We then present several exploratory analyses of neuroendocrine responses to coalitionary social events in a rural Dominican community, with the objective of understanding differences between in-group and out-group competition in adult and adolescent males. Our analyses indicate: (1) adult and adolescent males do not elevate testosterone when they defeat their friends, but they do elevate testosterone when they defeat outsiders; (2) pre-competition testosterone and cortisol levels are negatively associated with strength of coalitionary ties; and (3) adult males usually elevate testosterone when interacting with adult women who are potential mates, but in a striking reversal, they have lower testosterone if the woman is a conjugal partner of a close friend. These naturalistic studies hint that reciprocity, dampening of aggression, and competition among friends and allies may be biologically embedded in unique ways among humans. PMID:22415579

Flinn, Mark V; Ponzi, Davide; Muehlenbein, Michael P



A university, community coalition, and town partnership to promote walking.  


Less than half of all US adults report meeting physical activity recommendations of 30 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity on at least 5 days per week. Thus, community-wide ecological initiatives are needed to create environments that support incorporating physical activity into residents' daily lives. In this article we describe an ongoing collaborative service-learning partnership between Clemson University, a community coalition, and a neighboring small rural town to address local social and physical environment supports for walking. Years 1 to 3 of this collaborative initiative were evaluated using a mixed-method approach to assess physical environment changes, social environment changes, community perceptions of support for walking, community perceptions of collaborating with university students, and students' skill development. Results revealed several key environmental changes such as mapping and marking 3 walking trails in the community, development of broad marketing efforts linked to the trails that promote community health and heritage, and annual community events to promote walking and the newly developed walking trails. Interview data with community leaders identified several key themes critical to facilitating and enhancing our university and community collaboration. Lastly, students developed skills in developing partnerships, mapping, advocacy, event planning, critical reflection, and qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. Through this process community members and students learn evidence-based public health skills for using data and planning frameworks to guide local initiatives, engage community members in decision making, and conducting evaluations. PMID:21617413

Griffin, Sarah F; Williams, Joel E; Hickman, Powell; Kirchner, Amber; Spitler, Hugh



Civil War Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was Washington, D.C. like during the Civil War? It's an arresting and interesting question, and the people at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Center for Digital Research in the Humanities have created this digital archive to look into it. As their introductory statement notes, this collection "examines the U.S. national capital from multiple perspectives as a case study of social, political, cultural, and medical/scientific/transitions provoked or accelerated by the Civil War." On the homepage, visitors will find six sections, including Maps, Texts, Visual Works, and Data. For those with a spatial bent, the Maps area is a real find. Visitors can use the interactive GIS-enabled map to look at the layers of history throughout the city with a grain of detail that is remarkable. Moving along, the Interpretations area includes scholarly essays, such as "Washington, the Strategic Capital."



Washington Post Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington Post has an online version on the Web. The site includes the full text of the daily edition, plus news from the 50 states, a daily congressional calendar, and over 1000 pages of links to news, reference and Web sites for over 200 countries around the world. Features include movie reviews, book reviews (along with selected first chapters of books), links to over fifteen online comic strips, and sports features. A searchable archive of the previous two weeks papers is available and, in the near future, an archive from 1986 to the present will be available. There are also several chat rooms on various subjects ranging from business to local Washington, DC issues. While the Post is well known for its international and national coverage, the online version is also very strong with respect to local area news.


Navigating the tension between the master narrative of the academy and the counter-narrative of reform: personal case studies from within an engineering education coalition  

E-print Network

This qualitative study inquired into the personal experience of three engineering professors and one associate dean who participated in an engineering education coalitionÂ?the Foundation CoalitionÂ?a National Science Foundation-funded project which...

Merton, Prudence



About Air Toxics  


... are here: EPA Home Air & Radiation TTN Web - Technology Transfer Network Air Toxics Web site About Air Toxics About Air Toxics What are toxic air pollutants? What are the health & environmental effects of toxic air pollutants? Where do toxic ...


Toxic Encephalopathy  

PubMed Central

This article schematically reviews the clinical features, diagnostic approaches to, and toxicological implications of toxic encephalopathy. The review will focus on the most significant occupational causes of toxic encephalopathy. Chronic toxic encephalopathy, cerebellar syndrome, parkinsonism, and vascular encephalopathy are commonly encountered clinical syndromes of toxic encephalopathy. Few neurotoxins cause patients to present with pathognomonic neurological syndromes. The symptoms and signs of toxic encephalopathy may be mimicked by many psychiatric, metabolic, inflammatory, neoplastic, and degenerative diseases of the nervous system. Thus, the importance of good history-taking that considers exposure and a comprehensive neurological examination cannot be overemphasized in the diagnosis of toxic encephalopathy. Neuropsychological testing and neuroimaging typically play ancillary roles. The recognition of toxic encephalopathy is important because the correct diagnosis of occupational disease can prevent others (e.g., workers at the same worksite) from further harm by reducing their exposure to the toxin, and also often provides some indication of prognosis. Physicians must therefore be aware of the typical signs and symptoms of toxic encephalopathy, and close collaborations between neurologists and occupational physicians are needed to determine whether neurological disorders are related to occupational neurotoxin exposure. PMID:23251840

Kim, Jae Woo



Achieving organizational change: findings from case studies of 20 California healthy cities and communities coalitions.  


As part of an evaluation of the California Healthy Cities and Communities (CHCC) Program, we assessed the extent to which coalitions implementing the healthy cities and communities model demonstrated capacity to leverage financial resources, expand programs and influence organizational policies. The evaluation design was a multiple case study of 20 participating communities with cross-case analysis. Participating communities spanned the state's diverse geographic regions and ranged from remote areas within rural counties to neighborhoods within large cities. Data included: semi-structured interviews with coordinators and community leaders, focus groups with coalition members and document review. Many CHCC coalitions were able to leverage significant financial resources across a diverse array of funding sources, including federal, state, county and city governments. In addition, all CHCC coalitions developed at least one new program, most commonly focused on youth development, civic capacity-building or lifelong learning. Changes in policies, reported by 19 of the 20 coalitions, were consistent with healthy cities and communities principles and were implemented in community-based organizations, county and city governments, and school districts. Typical changes included an increased willingness to collaborate, increased emphasis on engaging diverse parts of the community, greater responsiveness to community needs and more opportunities for resident input into decision-making. Our findings suggest the healthy cities and communities model has the potential to strengthen the organizational infrastructure of communities to promote health. PMID:18359785

Kegler, Michelle C; Norton, Barbara L; Aronson, Robert



Coalitional Games in Partition Form for Joint Spectrum Sensing and Access in Cognitive Radio Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlicensed secondary users (SUs) in cognitive radio networks are subject to an inherent tradeoff between spectrum sensing and spectrum access. Although each SU has an incentive to sense the primary user (PU) channels for locating spectrum holes, this exploration of the spectrum can come at the expense of a shorter transmission time, and, hence, a possibly smaller capacity for data transmission. This paper investigates the impact of this tradeoff on the cooperative strategies of a network of SUs that seek to cooperate in order to improve their view of the spectrum (sensing), reduce the possibility of interference among each other, and improve their transmission capacity (access). The problem is modeled as a coalitional game in partition form and an algorithm for coalition formation is proposed. Using the proposed algorithm, the SUs can make individual distributed decisions to join or leave a coalition while maximizing their utilities which capture the average time spent for sensing as well as the capacity achieved while accessing the spectrum. It is shown that, by using the proposed algorithm, the SUs can self-organize into a network partition composed of disjoint coalitions, with the members of each coalition cooperating to jointly optimize their sensing and access performance. Simulation results show the performance improvement that the proposed algorithm yields with respect to the non-cooperative case. The results also show how the algorithm allows the SUs to self-adapt to changes in the environment such as the change in the traffic of the PUs, or slow mobility.

Saad, Walid; Han, Zhu; Zheng, Rong; Hjorungnes, Are; Basar, Tamer; Poor, H. Vincent



Implementing Education for All—Whose agenda, whose change? The case study of the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the onset of the Education for All (EFA) agenda in 1990, the international development community has seen new forms of international cooperation forming around the pledge for EFA. This paper analyzes a case study of activities and challenges of a civil society coalition, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition (GNECC), in pursuing the goals of Education for All within

Courtney Strutt; Thembela Kepe



The National Coalition for Sustained Optimal Iodine intake (NSOI): a case study of a successful experience from India.  


Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) constitute the single most important preventable cause of mental handicap at global level. Recognizing the importance of coordination and synergy of the activities of wide range of universal salt iodisation (USI) stakeholders, WHO/ Unicef/ ICCIDD has prescribed a national multi-sectoral coalition as one of the ten indicators essential for attaining sustainable elimination of IDD at national level. Challenge for coordination among different stakeholders of IDD/USI is even greater in democratic and diverse country like India. In the present article we present successful experience from India regarding formation of a national coalition and contributions made by the coalition towards promoting USI in India. The activities of the national coalition in India are classified into three phases; 1) Phase 1- year 2006 to 2009- the inception; 2) Phase 2- year 2009 to 2012- consolidation; 3) Phase 3- year 2013 and ongoing- expansion. The National coalition for Sustained Optimal Iodine Intake (NSOI) has been instrumental in ensuring greater coordination and synergy amongst IDD and USI stakeholders in India and partially responsible for the current 71 percentage household level coverage of adequately iodised salt. The most significant contribution of the national coalition has been to act as a high level advocacy channel and provide a platform for regular dialogue for all partners of the coalition. With "mission" approach and allocation of optimal resource, India can achieve and should achieve USI by 2015, an apt culmination of a decade of existence of the national coalition. PMID:25384725

Yadav, Kapil; Chakrabarty, Arijit; Rah, Jee Hyun; Kumar, Rakesh; Aguayo, Victor; Ansari, Mohammad Anas; Sankar, Rajan; Karmarkar, Madhu Ganesh; Pandav, Chandrakant S



A Case Study of Conflict Management in Bonobos: How Does a Bonobo (Pan paniscus) Mother Manage Conflicts between Her Sons and Her Female Coalition Partner?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Female coalitions are an important part of the social organization of bonobos. The strength of the mother-son relationship is another essential part of this social structure. A bonobo mother is therefore facing a dilemma when a conflict arises between her sons and her female coalition partners. Will she take her coalition partner’s side and favour the social organization of the

L. Legrain; J. Stevens; J. Alegria Iscoa; A. Destrebecqz



Coalitional Games in Partition Form for Joint Spectrum Sensing and Access in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Unlicensed secondary users (SUs) in cognitive radio networks are subject to an inherent tradeoff between spectrum sensing and spectrum access. Although each SU has an incentive to sense the primary user (PU) channels for locating spectrum holes, this exploration of the spectrum can come at the expense of a shorter transmission time, and, hence, a possibly smaller capacity for data transmission. This paper investigates the impact of this tradeoff on the cooperative strategies of a network of SUs that seek to cooperate in order to improve their view of the spectrum (sensing), reduce the possibility of interference among each other, and improve their transmission capacity (access). The problem is modeled as a coalitional game in partition form and an algorithm for coalition formation is proposed. Using the proposed algorithm, the SUs can make individual distributed decisions to join or leave a coalition while maximizing their utilities which capture the average time spent for sensing as well as the capacity achi...

Saad, Walid; Zheng, Rong; Hjørungnes, Are; Ba?ar, Tamer; Poor, H Vincent



of Washington WINTER QUARTER 1994  

E-print Network

University of Washington Bulletin WINTER QUARTER 1994 Student Telephone Assisted Registration..............................................................................................6 On-leave - GraduateStudents...............................................................10 Address ChangeTelephone Service....:..................................................7 Overload

Kaminsky, Werner


Supporting tobacco control: stimulating local newspaper coverage with a technical assistance website for local coalitions.  


A large and growing literature confirms that well-designed web-based programs can be effective in preventing or treating several chronic diseases. This study examined how the Internet can deliver information and train community activists and specifically tested the effects of web-based technical assistance on local tobacco control coalitions' efforts to use media advocacy to advance their agendas. The authors compared a highly interactive, Enhanced website (intervention) to a noninteractive, Basic text-based website (comparison) in Colorado communities. A total of 24 tobacco control coalitions led by local county health departments and nursing services were enrolled in the project and randomly assigned to use either the intervention or comparison website. A total of 73 local daily and weekly newspapers were identified in the service areas of 23 of the 24 coalitions. A posttest assessment of newspaper coverage was conducted to locate all newspaper articles with tobacco control information published between January 1 and April 9, 2004, the last 3 months of the intervention. Although there was no evidence of a treatment effect on the frequency of newspaper articles on tobacco-related issues, there was, however, evidence that newspapers in counties where the coalition had access to the Enhanced website printed more stories focused on local/regional issues and more anti-tobacco local/regional stories than in the counties where coalitions had access to the Basic website. Coalitions can improve their influence on local media for community tobacco control when high-quality online technical assistance, training, and resources are available to them. PMID:22068581

Buller, David B; Bettinghaus, Erwin P; Helme, Donald; Young, Walter F; Borland, Ron; Maloy, Julie A; Cutter, Gary R; Andersen, Peter A; Walther, Joseph B



Copyright Washington State Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. WASHINGTON STATE  

E-print Network

Copyright © Washington State Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. i SCIENCE WASHINGTON STATE by Phellinus Sulphurascens in Washington's Forests #12;#12;Copyright © Washington State Academy of Sciences Sulphurascens in Washington's Forests A Report from the Washington State Academy of Sciences, In cooperation


Effectiveness of a Community Coalition for Improving Child Vaccination Rates in New York City  

PubMed Central

We used a retrospective, matching, birth cohort design to evaluate a comprehensive, coalition-led childhood immunization program of outreach, education, and reminders in a Latino, urban community. After we controlled for Latino ethnicity and Medicaid, we found that children enrolled in the program were 53% more likely to be up-to-date (adjusted odds ratio = 1.53; 95% confidence interval = 1.33, 1.75) and to receive timely immunizations than were children in the control group (t = 3.91). The coalition-led, community-based immunization program was effective in improving on-time childhood immunization coverage. PMID:18799778

Irigoyen, Matilde; Sanchez, Martha; Stockwell, Melissa S.; Mejia, Miriam; Guzman, Letty; Ferreira, Richard; Pena, Oscar; Chen, Shaofu; Andres-Martinez, Raquel



Beryllium Toxicity  


... Favorites Digg Facebook Google Bookmarks Yahoo MyWeb Beryllium Toxicity Patient Education Care Instruction Sheet ... Favorites Digg Facebook Google Bookmarks Yahoo MyWeb Page last reviewed: May 23, 2008 Page ...


Antimony Toxicity  

PubMed Central

Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans. Improvements in working conditions have remarkably decreased the incidence of antimony toxicity in the workplace. As a therapeutic, antimony has been mostly used for the treatment of leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis. The major toxic side-effects of antimonials as a result of therapy are cardiotoxicity (~9% of patients) and pancreatitis, which is seen commonly in HIV and visceral leishmaniasis co-infections. Quality control of each batch of drugs produced and regular monitoring for toxicity is required when antimonials are used therapeutically. PMID:21318007

Sundar, Shyam; Chakravarty, Jaya



Toxic megacolon  


... a complication of inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease , and infections of the colon. ... Treating diseases that cause toxic megacolon, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, can prevent this condition.


40 CFR 81.348 - Washington.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...unless otherwise noted. Washington—PM2.5 (Annual NAAQS) Designated area...unless otherwise noted. Washington—PM2.5 [24-hour NAAQS] Designated...the tables titled “Washington—PM2.5 (Annual NAAQS)” and...



Washington Technical Institute WRRC REPORT No. 7  

E-print Network

Washington Technical Institute WRRC REPORT No. 7 ANNUAL REPORT VOL.II JULY 1, 1974 TO JUNE 30 1975 TECHNICAL INSTITUTE ...................................... 2 DIRECTOR'S REPORT Research Center Washington Technical Institute Washington, D. C. 20008 August 1975 The work upon which

District of Columbia, University of the


Biofuels in Oregon and Washington  

E-print Network

PNNL-17351 Biofuels in Oregon and Washington A Business Case Analysis of Opportunities and Challenges Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory #12;#12;Biofuels in Oregon and Washington, particularly in light of the recent growth experienced by the biofuels industry in the Midwest. Policymakers


Early Learning in Washington State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 80,000 children enter kindergarten in Washington each year, and many lack basic language and behavioral skills--such as knowing letters and colors, following directions, getting along with others, and exhibiting impulse-control. In 2006, based on the recommendation of the Washington Learns Commission, Governor Christine Gregoire created the…

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2011



The Transformative Power of Youth Action Coalition's Multimodal Arts-for-Change Programming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the potential of a series of Youth Action Coalition's (YAC) Arts-for-Change (AfC) youth programs for literacy and identity development, as well as for engaging youth in addressing issues of social justice. Drawing primarily on transcripts of interviews, surveys, and participant-observation fieldnotes inventorying changes in…

Turner, K. C. Nat; Way, Kate; Gray, Robin R. R.



Policy and System Change and Community Coalitions: Outcomes from Allies against Asthma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: We assessed policy and system changes and health outcomes produced by the Allies Against Asthma program, a 5-year collaborative effort by 7 community coalitions to address childhood asthma. We also explored associations between community engagement and outcomes. Methods: We interviewed a sample of 1,477 parents of children with asthma…

Clark, Noreen M.; Lachance, Laurie; Doctor, Linda Jo; Gilmore, Lisa; Kelly, Cindy; Krieger, James; Lara, Marielena; Meurer, John; Friedman Milanovich, Amy; Nicholas, Elisa; Rosenthal, Michael; Stoll, Shelley C.; Wilkin, Margaret



Research collaboration in the discovery, development, and delivery networks of a statewide cancer coalition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines and evaluates collaborative network involvement among 18 organizations within the Arizona Cancer Coalition. All were involved in one or more of three types of research activity: discovery, development, and delivery, consistent with the 3D continuum developed by the National Cancer Institute. Data were collected in 2007 using surveys of key informants in each organization. Using network analysis

Keith G. Provan; Scott J. Leischow; Judith Keagy; Jesse Nodora



Coalitions of arguments in bipolar argumentation frameworks Claudette Cayrol MarieChristine LagasquieSchiex  

E-print Network

Coalitions of arguments in bipolar argumentation frameworks Claudette Cayrol Marie­Christine Lagasquie­Schiex IRIT, UPS, 31062 Toulouse Câ?? edex 09, France {ccayrol, lagasq} Abstract Bipolar and conflict. In this paper, we turn a bipolar argumentation framework into a ``meta­argumentation'' framework

Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba


Religion, Advocacy Coalitions, and the Politics of U.S. Public Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing the Advocacy Coalition Framework to ground the analysis, this article begins with an historical overview of the US Protestant Right and its involvement with the politics of public schooling. It then moves to a discussion of a few current legal and policy issues (intelligent design, evolution, the Kansas state board of education, school…

Lugg, Catherine A.; Robinson, Malila N.



Coalitional Games for Distributed Collaborative Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

Coalitional Games for Distributed Collaborative Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks Walid for large periods of time [1]. In order to efficiently exploit these spectrum holes, cognitive radio (CR, University of Houston, Houston, USA, 3 Alcatel-Lucent Chair in Flexible Radio, SUP

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


A Social Reasoning Mechanism Based on a New Approach for Coalition Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to enable an agent to co-ordinate its activities with other agents and to participate in coalitions, one of the elements to take into account in its conception should be a social reasoning mechanism that allows the agent to reason about the other agents. This paper presents a social reasoning mechanism that extends, in some aspects, the models presented

Luís Morgado; Graça Gaspar


Unconscious Vigilance: Worldview Defense Without Adaptations for Terror, Coalition, or Uncertainty Management  

PubMed Central

Individuals subtly reminded of death, coalitional challenges, or feelings of uncertainty display exaggerated preferences for affirmations and against criticisms of their cultural in-groups. Terror management, coalitional psychology, and uncertainty management theories postulate this “worldview defense” effect as the output of mechanisms evolved either to allay the fear of death, foster social support, or reduce anxiety by increasing adherence to cultural values. In 4 studies, we report evidence for an alternative perspective. We argue that worldview defense owes to unconscious vigilance, a state of accentuated reactivity to affective targets (which need not relate to cultural worldviews) that follows detection of subtle alarm cues (which need not pertain to death, coalitional challenges, or uncertainty). In Studies 1 and 2, death-primed participants produced exaggerated ratings of worldview-neutral affective targets. In Studies 3 and 4, subliminal threat manipulations unrelated to death, coalitional challenges, or uncertainty evoked worldview defense. These results are discussed as they inform evolutionary interpretations of worldview defense and future investigations of the influence of unconscious alarm on judgment. PMID:21644809

Holbrook, Colin; Sousa, Paulo; Hahn-Holbrook, Jennifer



Policy-based dynamic provision of IP services in a secure VPN coalition scenario  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a recent R&D result in supporting secure and dynamic coalition internetworking scenarios, where a number of military and civil subnetworks are combined using IPsec in a higher-level IP secure military network. It is part of the work undertaken in the VPN workshop initiative, where a set of national defense and research organizations are meeting together to align

A. F. G. Skarmeta; G. M. Perez



Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition -Annual Science Meeting April 15-17, 2014  

E-print Network

:40 Innovative 3D digital map demonstration Abigail Burt, MNDMF 9:00 The passive-seismic experiment (HVSRGreat Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition - Annual Science Meeting April 15-17, 2014 AGENDA Where someplace to renew acquaintances Wednesday, April 16 Mapping, Analysis, and Interpretation Theory Meeting

Polly, David


SUCCEED (Southeastern University and College Coalition for Engineering Education) Strategic Plan Revision, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Strategic Plan Revision of the Southeastern University and College Coalition for Engineering Education (SUCCEED). SUCCEED aims to institute a sustainable version of its curriculum model on each of the selected campuses. The areas of expertise in the program include faculty development, outcomes assessment,…

Ohland, Matthew W., Ed.; Anderson, Tim J., Ed.


SUCCEED (Southeastern University and College Coalition for Engineering Education) Strategic Plan Revision, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Strategic Plan Revision of the Southeastern University and College Coalition for Engineering Education (SUCCEED). SUCCEED aims to institute a sustainable version of its curriculum model on each of the selected campuses. The areas of expertise in the program include faculty development, outcomes assessment,…

Ohland, Matthew W., Ed.; Anderson, Tim J., Ed.


Patterns of coalition formation by adult female baboons in Amboseli, Kenya  

E-print Network

Patterns of coalition formation by adult female baboons in Amboseli, Kenya JOAN B. SILK*, SUSAN C in shaping the pattern of coalitionary activity among adult female savannah baboons, Papio cynocephalus, are thought to be functionally linked to the existence of alliances between females. Female savannah baboons

Alberts, Susan C


False Dawns, Bleak Sunset: The Coalition Government's Policies on Career Guidance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coalition Government's policies on career guidance are analysed. Its rhetorical concern for career guidance provision is based largely on its support for social mobility, and its recognition of the role of career guidance in moving towards a demand-led skills system. Initial policy statements affirmed its intention to establish an all-age…

Watts, A. G.



Evaluation and Community Prevention Coalitions: Validation of an Integrated Web-Based/Technical Assistance Consultant Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community coalitions (CCs) have labored with some difficulty to demonstrate empirical evidence of effectiveness in preventing a wide range of adolescent problem behaviors. Training and technical assistance (TA) have been identified as important elements in promoting improved functioning of CCs. A reliable, valid, and inexpensive method to assess…

Feinberg, Mark E.; Gomez, Brendan J.; Puddy, Richard W.; Greenberg, Mark T.



Drugs, Alcohol, and Women's Health: An Alliance of Regional Coalitions. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs of women and the content of existing information programs concerned with drug and alcohol abuse and general health were investigated through a nationwide Alliance of Regional Coalitions on Drugs, Alcohol, and Women's Health sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Results indicated that: (1) multi-substance abuse is common, but…

Nellis, Muriel; And Others


Provider-Customer Coalitional Games Chandramani Singh*, Saswati Sarkar, Alireza Aram  

E-print Network

Provider-Customer Coalitional Games Chandramani Singh*, Saswati Sarkar, Alireza Aram Abstract--Efficacy the formulations and results to the cases, where players assume more general payoff sharing relations, that is, sub-groups Communications Eng., Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and his research has been supported by an INRIA

Sarkar, Saswati


Coalition Building for Systems Advocacy: A National Teleconference (August 21, 2002). Participant's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The participant's manual contains training materials for a national teleconference on coalition building for systems advocacy in agencies concerned with independent living for people with disabilities. Preliminary materials include the conference agenda, background information about the trainers, and organizational information on Independent…

Rowley, Corey; Townes, Courtland, III; Jones, Darrell Lynn; Buppapong, Raweewan; Langbehn, Kristy; George, Carri; Petty, Richard; Heinsohn, Dawn


IQ-ASyMTRe: Synthesizing Coalition Formation and Execution for Tightly-Coupled Multirobot Tasks  

E-print Network

the sharing of robot ca- pabilities. Inspired by information invariant theory, ASyMTRe was introduced which Zhang and Lynne E. Parker Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems different robots via communication. However, ASyMTRe does not provide a solution for how a coalition should

Parker, Lynne E.


The Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition Government's "Free Schools" in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Free schools are new state-funded but privately-run schools set up under the academies legislation. Free schools represent the most overtly market-oriented policy within the Conservative-led Coalition government's school reform programme in England and have provoked intense controversy, centering on issues of pupil attainment, social equality,…

Hatcher, Richard



The Coming Black/Hispanic Coalition. A Black View and An Hispanic View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two journalists discuss political, economic, and social issues which unite Blacks and Hispanics and consider the problems which impede the formation of a formal political coalition between the two groups. Among the common issues identified are police brutality, voter registration, unemployment, health, housing, and the media. (GC)

Calhoun, Lillian; Arias, Ron



Grassroots Responsiveness to Human Rights Abuse: History of the Washtenaw Interfaith Coalition for Immigrant Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss how a community agency based in Washtenaw County, the Washtenaw Interfaith Coalition for Immigration Rights (WICIR), emerged in response to increasing punitive immigration practices and human rights abuses toward the Latino community. The article discusses how WICIR is engaged in advocacy, community…

Sanders, Laura; Martinez, Ramiro; Harner, Margaret; Harner, Melanie; Horner, Pilar; Delva, Jorge



Arthroscopic resection of the calcaneonavicular coalition or the "too long" anterior process of the calcaneus.  


Calcaneonavicular coalition and the "too long" anterior process (TLAP) of the calcaneus can manifest as lateral foot pain, peroneal spastic flatfoot, and repeated ankle sprain. Surgical resection of the bone bar is frequently required. We present here an arthroscopic approach that can be used to accurately assess pathoanatomy and resect the bone bar. A portal is established slightly dorsal to the angle of Gissane. This is the primary visualization portal. The working portal, which is identified under an image intensifier, is located at the space between the talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints, directly over the TLAP or the calcaneonavicular coalition. With the 2.7-mm 30 degrees arthroscope placed at the primary visualization portal, soft tissue around the TLAP or the calcaneonavicular coalition is cleared up with the use of an arthroscopic shaver at the working portal. After the TLAP or the calcaneonavicular coalition is clearly visualized, it can be resected with an arthroscopic burr through the working portal. The bone bar is resected proximally until the medial side of the calcaneocuboid joint, the lateral side of the taloavicular joint, and the plantar-lateral aspect of the talar head are clearly seen. Inversion stress should then be applied to the foot to prevent further impingement of the anteromedial process of the calcaneus to the plantar-lateral part of the talar head. PMID:16904593

Lui, Tun Hing



MSI-CIEC: MSI Cyberinfrastructure Empowerment Coalition and the TeraGrid  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss some of the challenges and opportunities for Minority Serving Institutions (MSI) with the emergence of Cyberinfrastructure for science and engineering. We discuss the approach of MSI-CIEC (Cyberinfrastructure Empowerment Coalition) and pay particular attention to the TeraGrid.

Richard Alo; Karl Barnes; Diane Baxter; Geoffrey Fox; Calvin Lowe


Building and Maintaining an Effective Campus-Wide Coalition for Suicide Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preventing suicide is a commonly shared priority among college administrators, faculty, staff, students, and family members. Coalitions are popular health promotion mechanisms for solving community-wide problems and are valuable in campus-wide suicide prevention efforts. This article provides an example of an effective suicide prevention…

Kaslow, Nadine J.; Garcia-Williams, Amanda; Moffitt, Lauren; McLeod, Mark; Zesiger, Heather; Ammirati, Rachel; Berg, John P.; McIntosh, Belinda J.



Member and Affiliate Contact Directory. Triangle Coalition for Science and Technology Education. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory is designed to assist local action groups (existing local alliances; science mathematics, and technology teachers; superintendents, principals, and supervisors; guidance counselors and resource specialists; and university and college professors) in making contact with the local structure of the Triangle Coalition for Science and…

Triangle Coalition for Science and Technology Education, College Park, MD.


Practical Child Safety Education in England: A National Survey of the Child Safety Education Coalition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the provision of practical safety education by Child Safety Education Coalition (CSEC) organizations in England. Design: A postal survey. Setting: Providers of child practical safety education who were also part of CSEC. Methods: In February 2010 all CSEC organizations were sent a self-completion postal questionnaire which…

Mulvaney, Caroline A.; Watson, Michael C.; Walsh, Patrick



Coalition Formation in Multi-Agent Systems Based on Bottlenose Dolphin Alliances  

E-print Network

Coalition Formation in Multi-Agent Systems Based on Bottlenose Dolphin Alliances Musad A. Haque and Magnus Egerstedt Abstract-- Male bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, found off the coast of Western of mating. One such alliance, known as the first-order alliance, consists of 2-3 dolphins that share a very

Egerstedt, Magnus


The Social Construction of Young People within Education Policy: Evidence from the UK's Coalition Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since assuming power in May 2010, the UK's Coalition government has devoted considerable energy to formulating its policies with respect to young people. Evidence of this can be found in "Positive for youth: a new approach to cross-government policy for young people aged 13-19", a policy text that outlines a wide range of measures to be…

Brooks, Rachel



Fantasies of Empowerment: Mapping Neoliberal Discourse in the Coalition Government's Schools Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The swift nature of school reform enacted by the new Conservative-led coalition government has sparked debate over the future of state education in Britain. While the government rhetoric suggests a decisive break with past policies, there is evidence to suggest that these reforms constitute the next stage of a long revolution in education reform,…

Wright, Adam



Glacier Peak, Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features links to all aspects of Glacier Peak, a volcano in the Cascade Range, including its geographic setting, and geologic and eruptive history. Glacier Peak is not prominently visible from any major metropolitan centers, and thus its attractions, as well as its hazards, tend to be overlooked. Yet, Glacier Peak has produced larger and more explosive eruptions than any other Washington volcano except Mount St. Helens. Glacier Peak was not known by settlers to be a volcano until the 1850s, when Native Americans mentioned it to naturalist George Gibbs. Not until 1898 did Glacier Peak appear on a published map under its current name. Links labeled 'Special Items of Interest' include information about volcanic highlights and features, and points of interest. Other links lead to maps, graphics, images, publications, reports, and other items of interest involving this volcano and others.


Recent developments: Washington focus  

SciTech Connect

A new US president, as well as an altered balance of power in Congress, has changed the political landscape in Washington. In the overall composition of Congress, Republicans improved their position, the House gaining seven Republican seats. While the Democrats gained one seat in the Senate, they do not have the 60 votes necessary to defeat a filibuster. Of the 110 new congressmen and women arriving for the 103rd Congress next year, the freshmen are more liberal than President-elect Clinton or, if Republican, much more conservative than he. It is likely the Senate will be more liberal than the 102nd Congress, and the House may move toward the middle of the road. It is uncertain how the new Congress will address nuclear-related issues. Prior to the election, Johns Hopkins Univ. sponsored a conference addressing the topic of the future of nuclear power in the US.

Gunter, L.L.



Toxic remediation  


What is disclosed is a novel toxic waste remediation system designed to provide on-site destruction of a wide variety of hazardous organic volatile hydrocarbons, including but not limited to halogenated and aromatic hydrocarbons in the vapor phase. This invention utilizes a detoxification plenum and radiation treatment which transforms hazardous organic compounds into non-hazardous substances.

Matthews, Stephen M. (Alamed County, CA); Schonberg, Russell G. (Santa Clara County, CA); Fadness, David R. (Santa Clara County, CA)



Thallium toxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thallium (Tl+) is a toxic heavy metal which was accidentally discovered by Sir William Crookes in 1861 by burning the dust from a sulfuric acid industrial plant. He observed a bright green spectral band that quickly disappeared. Crookes named the new element ‘Thallium’ (after thallos meaning young shoot). In 1862, Lamy described the same spectral line and studied both the

Sonia Galván-Arzate; Abel Santamar??a



George Washington's Acts of Congress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

George Washington's personal copy of the Laws of the United States, First Session 1789 has returned from a whirlwind tour of the Presidential Libraries and has taken up permanent residence at Mount Vernon. This historic publication, also known as the Acts of Congress, offers a rare glimpse into the establishment of the American government. On this site, visitors can look over a photo gallery featuring more than a dozen images of this rare item, complete with Washington's own annotations. The site offers insights into Washington's thoughts about the presidency, his own role as chief executive, and much more. A pamphlet on the traveling exhibition and Teacher Resources are also available.


Quijotada en Washington, D. C.  

E-print Network

FALL 1998 167 Quijotada en Washington D.C. Víctor Bogado, Jr. El matrimonio compuesto por Nucky Walder, paraguaya, y Mario Marcel, argentino, vive en Washington, D.C. desde principios de la década de los ochenta donde vienen realizando una... cargos estatales dentro del quehacer cultural. En 1983 Marcel emigra a Washington, D.C. donde colabora con el Centro de Arte, el Centro de la Juventud Latinoamericana y con el grupo Panamericano de teatro de funcionarios de la OEA. En 1983 se integra...

Bogado, Ví ctor



Cast Metals Coalition Technology Transfer and Program Management Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Cast Metals Coalition (CMC) partnership program was funded to ensure that the results of the Department of Energy's (DOE) metalcasting research and development (R&D) projects are successfully deployed into industry. Specifically, the CMC program coordinated the transfer and deployment of energy saving technologies and process improvements developed under separately funded DOE programs and projects into industry. The transition of these technologies and process improvements is a critical step in the path to realizing actual energy savings. At full deployment, DOE funded metalcasting R&D results are projected to save 55% of the energy used by the industry in 1998. This closely aligns with DOE's current goal of driving a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity by 2017. In addition to benefiting DOE, these energy savings provide metalcasters with a significant economic advantage. Deployment of already completed R&D project results and those still underway is estimated to return over 500% of the original DOE and industry investment. Energy savings estimates through December 2008 from the Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT) portfolio of projects alone are 12 x 1012 BTUs, with a projection of over 50 x 1012 BTUs ten years after program completion. These energy savings and process improvements have been made possible through the unique collaborative structure of the CMC partnership. The CMC team consists of DOE's Office of Industrial Technology, the three leading metalcasting technical societies in the U.S: the American Foundry Society; the North American Die Casting Association; and the Steel Founders Society of America; and the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), a recognized leader in distributed technology management. CMC provides collaborative leadership to a complex industry composed of approximately 2,100 companies, 80% of which employ less than 100 people, and only 4% of which employ more than 250 people. Without collaboration, new technologies enabling energy efficiencies and environment-friendly improvements are slow to develop, and have trouble obtaining a broad application. The CMC team was able to effectively and efficiently transfer the results of DOE's metalcasting R&D projects to industry by utilizing and delivering the numerous communication vehicles identified in the proposal. The three metalcasting technical associations achieved significant technology transition results under this program. In addition to reaching over 23,000 people per year through Modern Casting and 28,000 through Engineered Casting Solutions, AFS had 84 national publications and reached over 1,200 people annually through Cast Metals Institute (CMI) education courses. NADCA's education department reached over 1,000 people each year through their courses, in addition to reaching over 6,000 people annually through Die Casting Engineer, and publishing 58 papers. The SFSA also published 99 research papers and reached over 1,000 people annually through their member newsletters. In addition to these communication vehicles, the CMC team conducted numerous technical committee meetings, project reviews, and onsite visits. All of these efforts to distribute the latest metalcasting technologies contributed to the successful deployment of DOE's R&D projects into industry. The DOE/CMC partnership demonstrated significant success in the identification and review of relevant and easy-to-implement metalcasting energy-saving processes and technologies so that the results are quickly implemented and become general practice. The results achieved in this program demonstrate that sustained technology transfer efforts are a critical step in the deployment of R&D projects to industry.

Gwyn, Mike



Imitating Franklin: Booker T. Washington?s Gospel of Wealth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the uneasy relationship between economic self-help and civic virtue in American political thought by examining how they are treated in Benjamin Franklin?s ?Autobiography? and Booker T. Washington?s ?Up From Slavery.? Both authors seek make room for material self-interest in republican government by tying it to the pursuit of the common good. In so doing, they articulate a

Matthew Voorhees


Talocalcaneal Coalition in Muenke Syndrome: Report of a patient, review of the literature in FGFR-related craniosynostoses, and consideration of mechanism  

PubMed Central

Muenke syndrome is an autosomal dominant craniosynostosis syndrome resulting from a defining point mutation in the FGFR3 gene. Muenke syndrome is characterized by coronal craniosynostosis (bilateral more often than unilateral), hearing loss, developmental delay and carpal and/or tarsal bone coalition. Tarsal coalition is a distinct feature of Muenke syndrome and has been reported since the initial description of the disorder in the 1990s. Although talocalcaneal coalition is the most common tarsal coalition in the general population, it has never been previously been reported in a patient with Muenke syndrome. We present a 7-year-old female patient with Muenke syndrome and symptomatic talocalcaneal coalition. She presented at the age of 7 with limping, tenderness and pain in her right foot following a fall and strain of her right foot. She was treated with ibuprofen, shoe inserts, a CAM walker boot and stretching exercises without much improvement in symptoms. A Computed Tomography (CT) scan revealed bilateral talocalcaneal coalitions involving the middle facet. She underwent resection of the talocalcaneal coalitions, remaining pain-free postoperatively with an improvement in her range of motion, gait and mobility. This report expands the phenotype of tarsal coalition in Muenke syndrome to include talocalcaneal coalition. A literature review revealed a high incidence of tarsal coalition in all FGFR related craniosynostosis syndromes when compared to the general population, a difference that is statistically significant. The most common articulation involved in all syndromic craniosynostoses associated with FGFR mutations is the calcaneocuboid articulation. PMID:23378035

Agochukwu, Nneamaka B.; Solomon, Benjamin D.; Benson, Laurel J.; Muenke, Maximilian



Transformative Wave Technologies Kent, Washington  

E-print Network

Transformative Wave Technologies Kent, Washington #12;#12;North America are shifted to off peak times #12;#12;Transformative Wave Technologies #12

California at Davis, University of


Patient Initals University of Washington  

E-print Network

_________ Patient Initals University of Washington Patient Acknowledgement for Kidney Transplantation in Donor Exchange KIDNEY RECIPIENT You have been given the opportunity to participate in the Paired Kidney Donation Exchange program because you and your prospective kidney donor

Borenstein, Elhanan


coalitions, emerge as critical challenges for the child. Predicting what one's social environment will be as an adult and modifying  

E-print Network

coalitions, emerge as critical challenges for the child. Predicting what one's social environment provide detailed data on links among hormone levels, family environment, affiliative bonds, and long evolutionary functional accounts as indispensable for any comprehensive theory of attachment (as initially

Pillow, Jonathan


This coalition is an educational outreach effort and partnering the PBS NOVA series called Making Stuff that focuses on  

E-print Network

This coalition is an educational outreach effort and partnering the PBS NOVA series called Making towards materials science and scientists. Making Stuff at Princeton: PCCM partners with NOVA (DMR-0819860

Petta, Jason


31 CFR 542.523 - Certain services to the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces authorized.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Revolutionary and Opposition Forces authorized. 542.523 ...OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...Revolutionary and Opposition Forces authorized. (a) Except...Revolutionary and Opposition Forces (“the Coalition”)...



Northwest Energy Coalition Renewable Northwest Project Sierra Club Natural Resources Defense Council Citizens' Utility Board of Oregon  

E-print Network

Northwest Energy Coalition Renewable Northwest Project Sierra Club Natural Resources Defense Club, Natural Resources Defense Council, Citizens' Utility Board of Oregon, and Climate Solutions discussions concerning the customers' proposal. Sincerely, Sheryl Carter Natural Resources Defense Council


Networking expertise: Discursive coalitions and collaborative networks of experts in a public creationism controversy in the UK  

PubMed Central

Experts do play a particular role in public socio-scientific debates, even more so if they form heterogeneous coalition with other actors and experts. A case study about a public science education controversy surrounding the teaching of evolution/creationism in the UK press is used to investigate in detail how connections and coalitions between experts and other actors involved in the controversy emerged and played out. The research focuses on the question of what role collaborative and other networks of experts played in terms of influence, visibility, credibility, consensus and weight of argument. Issues that are considered in the research are the status of the members of the coalitions forming during the debate and how it is displayed in media representations and letters and petitions, and also how these networks and coalitions of experts perform in relation to each other. PMID:23045882

Allgaier, Joachim



Washington: A DC Circuit Tour  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I explore the history of physics in Washington, D.C., and its environs through a tour of notable sites and personalities. Highlights include visits to the Smithsonian and Carnegie Institutions, stops at the Einstein Memorial, George Washington University, the University of Maryland, and the American Center for Physics, and biographical sketches of physicists Joseph Henry, George Gamow, Edward Teller, and others who worked in the District of Columbia.

Halpern, Paul



Washington: A DC Circuit Tour  

Microsoft Academic Search

I explore the history of physics in Washington, D.C., and its environs through a tour of notable sites and personalities.\\u000a Highlights include visits to the Smithsonian and Carnegie Institutions, stops at the Einstein Memorial, George Washington\\u000a University, the University of Maryland, and the American Center for Physics, and biographical sketches of physicists Joseph\\u000a Henry, George Gamow, Edward Teller, and others

Paul Halpern; Sylvester James Gates; George Ellery Hale; Joseph Henry; Robert Herman; Edwin Hubble; Shirley Ann Jackson; Vera C. Rubin; Edward Teller; John S. Toll; Merle Tuve; Erskine Williamson; Marion Koshland



Power and uneven globalization: Coalitions and energy trade dependence in the newly independent states of Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economies of the European former Soviet Union were dependent upon energy subsidies in the form of virtually free oil and natural gas imports from Russia, the loss of which implied dramatic shocks to domestic production structures, and the maintenance of which implied continued policy concessions to Russia. Yet some of these states actively pursued integration into the global economy while others sought to maintain the shelter of domestic markets and Russian energy subsidies. While the economic costs of openness and restructuring would be high in all cases in the short term, it is the political costs of openness and restructuring that determine the policy of the state. Where the high costs of restructuring are borne by a politically disenfranchised group, a consensus coalition can emerge in favor of rapid restructuring and energy reorientation. Where the benefits of the status quo accrue to a well-organized coalition closely allied with the state, a consensus coalition emerges in favor of maintenance of energy subsidies from and political relationship with Russia. Where the costs of restructuring are borne broadly or by a well-organized minority group, power oscillation and fragmentation will lead to inconsistent policy and slow progress toward energy reorientation and reform. Integrating a state-in-society approach to coalition formation within the field of international political economy, the author argues that states dominated by globalist-liberalizing-nationalist coalitions were able to implement energy trade reorientation by politically disenfranchising the ethnic minorities who populated the sector most vulnerable to energy contraction, heavy industry. These "globalizers," Estonia and Latvia, bore the high costs of restructuring industries and importing energy at world prices. Belarus, dominated by pro-Moscow-statist-leftist coalitions, sought to preserve energy subsidies through political and economic reintegration with Russia. States ruled by divided governments or an oscillation of power failed to implement either policy consistently, resulting in continued energy dependence on Russia. Lithuania, Moldova, and Ukraine, the "hybrids," sought to limit their energy dependence on Russia, but could not meet their energy needs at world-market prices. They remained dependent on Russian energy, while struggling toward energy trade diversification.

Linden, Corina Herron



Beyond toxicity  

PubMed Central

In non-cyanogenic plants, cyanide is a co-product of ethylene and camalexin biosynthesis. To maintain cyanide at non-toxic levels, Arabidopsis plants express the mitochondrial ?-cyanoalanine synthase CYS-C1. CYS-C1 knockout leads to an increased level of cyanide in the roots and leaves and a severe defect in root hair morphogenesis, suggesting that cyanide acts as a signaling factor in root development. During compatible and incompatible plant-bacteria interactions, cyanide accumulation and CYS-C1 gene expression are negatively correlated. Moreover, CYS-C1 mutation increases both plant tolerance to biotrophic pathogens and their susceptibility to necrotrophic fungi, indicating that cyanide could stimulate the salicylic acid-dependent signaling pathway of the plant immune system. We hypothesize that CYS-C1 is essential for maintaining non-toxic concentrations of cyanide in the mitochondria to facilitate cyanide’s role in signaling. PMID:24398435

García, Irene; Gotor, Cecilia; Romero, Luis C



Cadmium toxicity  

PubMed Central

Cadmium is a well-known environmental pollutant with distinctly toxic effects on plants. It can displace certain essential metals from a wealth of metalloproteins, and thus disturb many normal physiological processes and cause severe developmental aberrant. The harmful effects of cadmium stress include, but are not limited to: reactive oxygen species overproduction, higher lipid hydroperoxide contents, and chloroplast structure change, which may lead to cell death. Plants have developed diverse mechanisms to alleviate environmental cadmium stress, e.g., cadmium pump and transporting cadmium into the leaf vacuoles. This mini-review focuses on the current research into understanding the cellular mechanisms of cadmium toxicity on cytoskeleton, vesicular trafficking and cell wall formation in plants. PMID:22499203

Wan, Lichuan; Zhang, Haiyan



Coalition and Opposition: Heredity, Culture, and the Boundaries of Anthropology in the Work of Alfred L. Kroeber  

Microsoft Academic Search

When, in turn-of-the-20th-century America, Alfred L. Kroeber continued the work of Franz Boas in establishing anthropology as an academic discipline in the US and defined culture as a phenomenon sui generis, he asked geneticists to enter into a coalition. The goal of this coalition was to build a strong opposition against hereditarian thoughts prevalent at that time in the US.

Maria E. Kronfeldner


Shellfish Toxicity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This eMedicine Clinical Knowledge Base webpage features information about shellfish toxicity for physicians and other healthcare professionals. Highlighting the four distinct shellfish poisoning syndromes - Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), Neurologic shellfish poisoning (NSP), Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP), and Amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) this webpage discusses background, pathophysiology, frequency, mortality/morbidity, age, and clinical descriptions. It also takes a deeper look at differentials, laboratory workup, treatment, medication, follow-up, medical/legal pitfalls, special concerns, and a bibliography.

Arnold, Thomas


Washington Post Weather  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington Post makes a bid for the already crowded Internet weather market with WeatherPost. Coverage includes current conditions and four-day forecasts for 3,600 cities worldwide, as well as snapshot and time-lapse satellite maps (provided by Accu Weather). For US cities, users may also access UV and air quality maps and data, as well as seasonal maps (snow cover, tanning index, heat index, and BeachCast) and other radar images such as precipitation. Users may enter a city name into the homepage search box, or may browse by country or state/province. The historical weather database offers compiled monthly average weather data for nearly 1,000 cities worldwide; the database is searchable. An aspect of the site that sets it apart from many other weather pages is the weather reference desk, which includes a weather glossary, weather calculators (JavaScript converters for temperature, wind chill, heat index, etc.) and a page devoted to storm chasers.


Studying toxicity  

USGS Publications Warehouse

With funding from the George Mitchell Center for the Environment at the University of Maine, a team of scientists used a simple laboratory-based sediment resuspension design, and two well-established aquatic toxicology models, fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and zebrafish (Danio rerio), to evaluate if resuspension of Penobscot river sediment significantly elevates the toxicity of river water and to provide preliminary information on the types of chemicals likely to desorb during resuspension. The group collected sediments from two sites with known chemical contamination downstream of the Great Works and Veazie dams. The sediments were examined to determine the dynamics of PAH desorption and degradation under different resuspension frequencies. The scientists used clarified water from resuspension experiments for toxicity tests with the water-flea Ceriodaphnia dubia, and other aquatic test organisms to infer toxicity from sediments from northern California rivers. Data from the study will help ascertain whether metals and/or xenoestrogens are present in the desorption water and give insight into possible avenues of sediment remediation.

Elkus, A.; LeBlanc, L.; Kim, C.; Van Beneden, R.; Mayer, G.



75 FR 20776 - Security Zone; Potomac River, Washington Channel, Washington, DC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...establishing a temporary security zone in certain waters of Washington Channel...Maryland is establishing a security zone upon certain waters of the Washington Channel...The following area is a security zone: All waters of the Washington...



75 FR 10446 - Security Zone; Potomac River, Washington Channel, Washington, DC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...establish a temporary security zone in certain waters of Washington Channel...proposes to establish a security zone upon certain waters of the Washington Channel...The following area is a security zone: all waters of the Washington...



78 FR 15053 - Simpson Lumber Company, LLC, Shelton, Washington; Simpson Lumber Company, LLC, Tacoma, Washington...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...TA-W-81,372; TA-W-81,372A; TA-W-81,372B] Simpson Lumber Company, LLC, Shelton, Washington; Simpson Lumber Company, LLC, Tacoma, Washington; Simpson Lumber Company, LLC, Longview, Washington; Notice of...



Evaluation of soil bioassays for use at Washington state hazardous waste sites: A pilot study  

SciTech Connect

The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) is developing guidelines to assess soil toxicity at hazardous waste sites being investigated under the Washington Model Toxics Control Act Cleanup Regulation. To evaluate soil toxicity, Ecology selected five bioassay protocols -- Daphnia, Earthworm, Seedling, Fathead Minnow, and Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay Xenopus (FETAX) -- for use as screening level assessment tools at six State hazardous waste sites. Sites contained a variety of contaminants including metals, creosote, pesticides, and petroleum products (leaking underground storage tanks). Three locations, representing high, medium, and low levels of contamination, were samples at each site. In general, the high contaminant samples resulted in the highest toxic response in all bioassays. The order of site toxicity, as assessed by overall toxic response, is creosote, petroleum products, metals, and pesticides. Results indicate that human health standards, especially for metals, may not adequately protect some of the species tested. The FETAX bioassay had the greatest overall number of toxic responses and lowest variance. The seedling and Daphnia bioassays had lower and similar overall toxic response results, followed by the earthworm and fathead minnow. Variability was markedly highest for the seedling. The Daphnia and fathead minnow variability were similar to the FETAX level, while the earthworm variability was slightly higher.

Blakley, N.; Norton, D.; Stinson, M. [Washington Department of Ecology, Olympia, WA (United States); Boyer, R. [WCFWRU, Seattle, WA (United States). School of Fisheries



Reducing diabetes health disparities through community-based participatory action research: the Chicago Southeast Diabetes Community Action Coalition.  

PubMed Central

To address disproportionately high rates of diabetes morbidity and mortality in some of Chicago's medically underserved minority neighborhoods, a group of community residents, medical and social service providers, and a local university founded the Chicago Southeast Diabetes Community Action Coalition, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention REACH 2010 Initiative. A community-based participatory action research model guided coalition activities from conceptualization through implementation. Capacity building activities included training on: diabetes, coalition building, research methods, and action planning. Other activities sought to increase coalition members' understanding of the social causes and potential solutions for health disparities related to diabetes. Trained coalition members conducted epidemiologic analyses, focus groups, a telephone survey, and a community inventory. All coalition members participated in decisions. The participatory process led to increased awareness of the complexities of diabetes in the community and to a state of readiness for social action. Data documented disparities in diabetes. The participatory action research approach (a) encouraged key stakeholders outside of the health care sector to participate (e.g., business sector, church groups); (b) permitted an examination of the sociopolitical context affecting the health of the community; (c) provided an opportunity to focus on preventing the onset of diabetes and its complications; (d) increased understanding of the importance of community research in catalyzing social action aimed at community and systems change and change among change agents. PMID:12815078

Giachello, Aida L.; Arrom, Jose O.; Davis, Margaret; Sayad, Judith V.; Ramirez, Dinah; Nandi, Chandana; Ramos, Catalina



Biological toxicity evaluation of Hanford Site waste grouts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liquid wastes containing radioactive, hazardous, and regulated chemicals have been generated throughout the 50 years of operation of the Hanford Site of the US Department of Energy near Richland, Washington. These wastes are currently stored onsite in single- and double-shell carbon steel tanks. To effectively handle and treat these wastes, their degree of toxicity must be determined. The disposal of

Rebagay; D. A. T. V. Dodd; J. A. Voogd



Albert Sabin and the Coalition to Eliminate Polio From the Americas  

PubMed Central

Albert B. Sabin, MD, developer of the oral polio vaccine, was also a major proponent of its use in annual vaccination campaigns aimed at the elimination of polio. Sabin argued that administering his vaccine simultaneously to every child in a country would break polio's chains of transmission. Although he was already promoting mass vaccination by the 1960s, Sabin's efforts expanded considerably when he became an adviser to groups fighting polio in the Americas in the 1980s. Sabin's experiences provide a window into both the formation of the coalition that eliminated poliomyelitis from the Western Hemisphere and what can happen when biomedical researchers become public health policy advisers. Although the polio elimination coalition succeeded in part because member groups often accommodated each other's priorities, Sabin was often limited by his indifference to the interests of those he was advising and to the shortcomings of his vaccine. PMID:19008524



Tobacco-free community coalitions: Opportunities for enhancing oral cancer prevention programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. This study identified oral cancer (OC) education and tobacco reduction collaboration within tobacco-free community coalitions\\u000a (TFCC). Methods. Data from 4 TFCC were collected via educational intervention surveys and structured focused group Interviews. Results. Of the 52 participants, 96% were aware that tobacco products are risk factors for OC, yet 33% were unaware of the high OC\\u000a impact locally. About

Judith G. Calhoun; Justine L. Kolker; Joan M. Mcgowan; Woosung Sohn; Amid I. Ismail



Mobilizing communities: An overview of the Community Coalition Partnership Programs for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Community Coalition Partnership Programs for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy (CCPP) was a seven-year (1995–2002) demonstration program funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Reproductive Health conducted in 13 U.S cities. The purpose of the CCPP was to demonstrate whether community partners could mobilize and organize community resources in support of comprehensive, effective, and

Carol Cassell; John Santelli; Brenda Colley Gilbert; Michael Dalmat; Jane Mezoff; Mary Schauer



The Brazos Valley Energy Conservation Coalition, Part of the Rebuild America Program in Texas: Program Update  

E-print Network

by sponsorship through the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at the United States Department of Energy (USDOE). Rebuild America has 250 partnerships in 47 states, Native American Tribes and in three U.S. Territories. Rebuild America's goal... Coalition (BVECC), administered by the Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL) of Texas A&M University, received a Rebuild America Partnership from the U.S. Department of Energy in June, 1996. BVECC is one of six Rebuild America Partners currently in Texas...

Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Myers, M.



I-P2 - Intelligent Process Panels to Support Coalition Operations   

E-print Network

I-X is a research programme with a number of different aspects intended to create a well-founded approach to allow humans and computer systems to cooperate in the creation or modification of some product or products such as documents, plans...The I-X research draws on earlier work on O-Plan (Tate, 1998; Tate, 2000; Tate, 2002), I-N-OVA> (Tate, 1996), the Enterprise Project (Fraser and Tate, 1995; Stader, 1996); Uschold,, 1998) and the TBPM project (Stader, 2000) but seeks to make the framework generic and to clarify terminology, simplify the approach taken, and increase re-usability and applicability of the core ideas....I-X Applications are being studied in a variety of areas. These currently include:...· Coalition Operations (CoAX: I-LEED, I-DEEL)...· Emergency and Unusual Procedure Assistance (I-Rescue)...· Help Desk Support (I-Help)...· Multi-Perspective Knowledge Modelling and Management (I-AKT)...· Contextualised Presentations of Procedures and Plans (I-Tell)...· Collaborative Meeting and Task Support (I-Room, I-Space)...An application of I-X Process Panels within a military Coalition context - part of the Coalition Agents eXperiment - CoAX (Allsopp, 2001; Allsopp, 2002) will be described in this paper....

Tate, Austin; Dalton, J; Stader, J


Thallium toxicity.  


Thallium (T1+) is a toxic heavy metal which was accidentally discovered by Sir William Crookes in 1861 by burning the dust from a sulfuric acid industrial plant. He observed a bright green spectral band that quickly disappeared. Crookes named the new element 'Thallium' (after thallos meaning young shoot). In 1862, Lamy described the same spectral line and studied both the physical and chemical properties of this new element (Prick, J.J.G., 1979. Thallium poisoning. In: Vinkrn, P.J., Bruyn, G.W. (Eds.), Intoxication of the Nervous System, Handbook of Clinical Neurology, vol. 36. North-Holland, New York. pp. 239-278). PMID:9801025

Galván-Arzate, S; Santamaría, A



Geodetic strain measurements in Washington.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Two new geodetic measurements of strain accumulation in the state of Washington for the interval 1972-1979 are reported. Near Seattle the average principal strain rates are 0.07 + or - 0.03 mu strain/yr N19oW and -0.13 + or - 0.02 mu strain/yr N71oE, and near Richland (south central Washington) the average principal strain rates are -0.02 + or - 0.01 mu strain/yr N36oW and -0.04 + or - 0.01 mu strain/yr N54oE. Extension is taken as positive, and the uncertainties quoted are standard deviations. A measurement of shear strain accumulation (dilation not determined) in the epoch 1914- 1966 along the north coast of Vancouver Island by the Geodetic Survey of Canada indicates a marginally significant accumulation of right-lateral shear (0.06 + or - 0.03 mu rad/yr) across the plate boundary (N40oW strike). Although there are significant differences in detail, these strain measurements are roughly consistent with a crude dislocation model that represents subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate. The observed accumulation of strain implies that large, shallow, thrust earthquakes should be expected off the coast of Washington and British Columbia. However, this conclusion is not easily reconciled with either observations of elevation change along the Washington coast or the focal mechanism solutions for shallow earthquakes in Washington. -Authors

Savage, J.C.; Lisowski, M.; Prescott, W.H.



Toxic chemicals and toxic laws  

SciTech Connect

Recently there was consternation when it was discovered that a program intended to help minorities and the underprivileged in Detroit might have to be canceled. The reason was that some of the land on which new buildings were built was thought to contain toxic chemicals and therefore fell under the provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (or Superfund). This collision of two valuable programs illustrates how a program originally heralded to carry out a worthwhile goal can become flawed. Since 1980, when the Superfund Act was passed by an overwhelming majority in Congress, only 34 of 1,245 identified priority sites have been cleaned up while approximately 40% of the money has been spent in trial litigation and administrative oversight. Critics, many of them within the EPA, point out that if the chemical danger level had been scientifically determined, approximately 90% of the truly important sites could have been cleaned up by now and the money wisely spent. However, the program was designed so that Congress initially did not have to raise much money or raise taxes and instead could argue that the program would not cost the taxpayer anything because it soaked the corporations. What needs to be done First, priority decisions should be taken out of the hands of nonscientists and lawyers and placed in those of scientists who are knowledgeable about toxic agents, who can identify effective targets objectively and who can establish workable priorities for removal of toxic waste. Second, a significant fraction of the money should be dedicated to research and to new programs that are more cost-effective. The purpose is to get chemical manufacturers thinking about reducing pollutants and the cost of cleanup when they plan to manufacture a chemical.

Koshland, D.E. Jr.



Natural Resources Building 1111 Washington St SE  

E-print Network

, the Puget Sound Partnership, the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority, the Oregon Watershed · Salmon Recovery Funding Board · Washington Biodiversity Council Washington Invasive Species Council · Forum on Monitoring Salmon Recovery and Watershed Health May 18, 2009 Nancy Leonard, Ph


40 CFR 81.348 - Washington.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Clark County (part) Air Quality Maintenance Area... Washington—Ozone (1-Hour Standard...Clark County (part) Air Quality Maintenance Area... Washington—Ozone (8-Hour Standard...Unclassifiable/Attainment Air Quality Maintenance...



Mass insurgency: the ratepayers' revolt and the Washington Public Power Supply System crisis  

SciTech Connect

This essay critically examines the conditions leading to the emergence of mass insurgency in the American political setting and expands the traditional debate over the influence of social discontent versus organizational infrastructure in the outbreak of mass insurgency. It focuses on the ratepayer unrest in Washington during the first half of 1982 as a case of mass insurgency, and describes both the influence of the preceding Initiative 394 campaign in triggering mass ratepayer protests and the subsequent attempt at formal coalition among the various groups. The essay includes an account of both the institutional development surrounding the Washington Public Power Supply System's nuclear-power-generating projects and the organized opposition by local anti-nuclear challengers in the series of public initiative campaigns between 1976 and 1981. The discussion of antinuclear opposition is highlighted by an analysis of the I-394 campaign that argues the influence of the structured campaign setting in establishing the triggering effect of the termination of WPPSS projects 4 and 5 for the ratepayer insurgency. Based upon empirical data showing a historically unique combination of severe rate escalation and high unemployment, comparison with earlier unsuccessful initiative campaigns suggests the underlying economic basis of I-394's passage.

Sugai, W.H.



State of Washington Population Trends, 1976. Washington State Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of April 1, 1976, Washington's population was estimated at 3,571,591--an increase of 158,341 since 1970. This annual report presents data pertaining to: official April 1 population estimates for cities, towns, and counties; components of population change; changes in household size from 1970 to 1976; assessment of accuracy of population…

Washington State Office of Program Planning and Fiscal Management, Olympia.


State of Washington Population Trends, 1977. Washington State Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of April 1, 1977, Washington's population was estimated at 3,661,975--an increase of 248,725 since 1970. Prepared yearly, this report presents data on the official April 1 population estimates for cities, towns, and counties; components of population change; planned population forecasting activities; procedures which help make the housing unit…

Washington State Office of Program Planning and Fiscal Management, Olympia.


State of Washington Population Trends, 1975. Washington State Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of April 1, 1975, Washington's population was estimated at 3,494,124--an increase of 80,874 since 1970. Prepared yearly, this report presents tabular data pertaining to: (1) current April 1 estimates for cities, towns, and counties; (2) current decline in household size; (3) the use of postal vacancy surveys in estimating vacancy rates; and (4)…

Washington State Office of Program Planning and Fiscal Management, Olympia.


Toxic terror  

SciTech Connect

A review of toxic materials in the environment explores the evolution of public awareness of the problem, public and governmental reaction, the effort to establish standards of safe levels and danger thresholds, and the struggle to implement and enforce environmental policy. Separate chapters deal with environmental premises and scientific realities, the DDT debate and birth of environmentalism, the disaster of Love Canal, pesticides, PCBs, PBBs, formaldehyde, dioxin, air pollution, water pollution, nuclear energy and radioactive materials, acid rain, and the status of American health. The book concludes with a chapter on the need for scientific research and hard evidence to either prove or disprove the pessimism of those who warn of a threat to human health and survival.

Whelan, E.M.



Toward a Unique UnderstandingToward a Unique Understanding Washington SquareWashington Square  

E-print Network

Toward a Unique UnderstandingToward a Unique Understanding ofof Washington SquareWashington Square Robert Z. Selden Jr.Robert Z. Selden Jr. Dan J. KaminskiDan J. Kaminski #12;Washington SquareWashington Square Photograph courtesy of Anthropology and Archaeology Laboratory ­ Stephen F. Austin State

Hung, I-Kuai



E-print Network

WASHINGTON TECHNICAL INSTITUTE WASHINGTON, D. C. 20008 WRRC REPORT NO. 5 FEASIBILITY OF ALUM SLUDGE Resources Research Center Washington Technical Institute Washington, D. C. 20008 July 1975 by Michael L. Goldman 1/ Frederick Watson FINAL REPORT Project No. A-001-DC The work upon which

District of Columbia, University of the



E-print Network

breeding; genetics and genomics; soilborne- disease resistance; plant germplasm exploration, col- lectionTHE NEW WASHINGTON GRAINS PLANT GROWTH FACILITY Washington State University's plant science to enhance the university's plant growth facilities. Construction for a new, state-of-the-art Washington

Collins, Gary S.


University of Washington Herbarium Image Collection: Plants of Washington, Lichens of Washington  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the Burke Museum of National History and Culture, and the University of Washington Herbarium, this website features 5,713 beautiful photographs of 1,183 plant species found in the many diverse ecosystems of Washington State. Site visitors may browse for plant species by scientific or common name, genus, and family. The website also offers an identification key and a search engine with fields for family, genus, species, and common name. Species pages contain excellent photographs; distribution maps; descriptive information; synonymy; links to subtaxa; and related links. The website is still being developed, and the site's managers utilize nifty check marks to indicate levels of completion for each species page.


Washington State Department of Ecology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains information, reports, data and policies about environmental issues in the state of Washington. Topics include soil contamination, hazardous and solid waste management, the Columbia River, mercury, water quality, air quality and more. Environmental tips and a searchable database are also available on the site.

Washington State Department of Ecology


Washington State 1995 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to present, in tables and graphs, a diversity of information on Washington State, its people, economy, and government. The information was obtained from state and federal agencies and from private businesses. The data are organized into 11 major chapters which cover the following topics (sample subtopics in parentheses):…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.


Teaching the March on Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most historical events in American history, the non-violent protest "March on Washington," August 28, 1963, is detailed in an article of remembrance by William P. Jones. His article is crowned by highlights from the "I Have a Dream" speech by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., but also highlights the lessor known role…

Jones, William P.; Euchner, Charles; Hill, Norman; Hill, Velma Murphy



George Washington: A National Treasure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

George Washington: A National Treasure is a national exhibit that focuses on the Lansdowne portrait of George Washington, painted by Gilbert Stuart in 1796 (the last painting of Washington before his death). An historic tour from the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery, this painting will travel across the country to eight major cities for the first time. The portrait is currently at the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, Texas, and will remain there until June 16, 2002. Over the next two years, the painting will travel to seven other cities: Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Seattle, Minneapolis, Oklahoma City, Little Rock, and New York City. Currently, Internet users may explore this historical portrait at the above listed site using three different filters: symbolic, biographic, and artistic. Each filter highlights a distinct component of the portrait, provides background information, and offers an interpretation of each individual element. In addition, the site contains biographical information on Washington's life, an exhibition schedule, and a teaching section for kids.


Washington Update January 26, 2011  

E-print Network

Washington Update January 26, 2011 1. In State of the Union address, Obama calls for national focus Section Head - CLOSES 2/18/11 In State of the Union address, Obama calls for national focus on education, research, and innovation In his third State of the Union address last night, President Obama called


Exploring Washington, DC, from Space  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem set, learners will analyze an image of Washington, DC, taken from orbit. They will determine scale and take measurements of several features in the image. A link to more images taken from the International Space Station and the answer key are provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.



Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative, an accountability system implemented in 2005-06 that measures students' gains in college readiness, college credits earned, and degree or certificate completion. The goal of the initiative is to increase educational attainment by focusing on the critical momentum points…

Pettitt, Maureen; Prince, David



The 1963 March on Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides historical information on the "March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom" and the role of A. Philip Randolph who originally conceived the idea for the March. Features a letter from A. Philip Randolph to President John F. Kennedy. Includes a list of teaching activities. (CMK)

Lloyd, Natalie; Schamel, Wynell; Potter, Lee Ann



Washington Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Washington State has participated in the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) since its inception in 1995. We have participated in the tsunami inundation hazard mapping, evacuation planning, education, and outreach efforts that generally characterize the NTHMP efforts. We have also investigated hazards of significant interest to the Pacific Northwest. The hazard from locally generated earthquakes on the Cascadia subduction zone, which threatens tsunami inundation in less than hour following a magnitude 9 earthquake, creates special problems for low-lying accretionary shoreforms in Washington, such as the spits of Long Beach and Ocean Shores, where high ground is not accessible within the limited time available for evacuation. To ameliorate this problem, we convened a panel of the Applied Technology Council to develop guidelines for construction of facilities for vertical evacuation from tsunamis, published as FEMA 646, now incorporated in the International Building Code as Appendix M. We followed this with a program called Project Safe Haven ( to site such facilities along the Washington coast in appropriate locations and appropriate designs to blend with the local communities, as chosen by the citizens. This has now been completed for the entire outer coast of Washington. In conjunction with this effort, we have evaluated the potential for earthquake-induced ground failures in and near tsunami hazard zones to help develop cost estimates for these structures and to establish appropriate tsunami evacuation routes and evacuation assembly areas that are likely to to be available after a major subduction zone earthquake. We intend to continue these geotechnical evaluations for all tsunami hazard zones in Washington.

Walsh, T. J.; Schelling, J.



Testing the metals hypothesis in Spokane, Washington.  

PubMed Central

A >7-year, time-series, epidemiologic study is ongoing in Spokane, Washington, to examine the associations between ambient particulate constituents or sources and health outcomes such as emergency department (ED) visits for asthma or respiratory problems. One of the hypotheses being tested is that particulate toxic metals are associated with these health outcomes. Spokane is a desirable city in which to conduct this study because of its relatively high concentrations of particulate matter, low concentrations of potentially confounding air pollutants, variability of particulate sources, and presence of several potential particulate metals sources. Daily fine- and coarse-fraction particulate samples are analyzed for metals via energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and instrumental neutron activation analysis. Particulate sources are determined using receptor modeling, including chemical mass balancing and positive matrix factorization coupled with partial source contribution function analysis. Principal component analysis has also been used to examine the influence of sources on the daily variability of the chemical composition of particulate samples. Based upon initial analyses using the EDXRF elemental analyses, statistically significant associations were observed between ED visits for asthma and increased combustion products, air stagnation, and fine particulate Zn. Although there is a significant soil particulate component, increased crustal particulate levels were not found to be associated with ED visits for asthma. Further research will clarify whether there is an association between specific health outcomes and either coarse or fine particulate metal species. PMID:12194884

Claiborn, Candis S; Larson, Timothy; Sheppard, Lianne



COALITION FOR ACTIVE LIVING Working to ensure that the environments where Canadians live, learn, work and play support regular physical activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

On behalf of the core 40 national, provincial\\/territorial and community health and active living organizations of the Coalition for Active Living, I wish to offer to you the expertise and passion of the members of the Coalition for Active Living as you consider the options and challenges facing Canada's health care system. To this end please find attached a short


Relating coalition capacity to the adoption of science-based prevention in communities: evidence from a randomized trial of Communities That Care.  


Coalition-based efforts that use a science-based approach to prevention can improve the wellbeing of community youth. This study measured several coalition capacities that are hypothesized to facilitate the adoption of a science-based approach to prevention in communities. Using data from 12 coalitions participating in a community-randomized trial of the prevention strategy Communities That Care (CTC), this paper describes select measurement properties of five salient coalition capacities (member substantive knowledge of prevention, member acquisition of new skills, member attitudes toward CTC, organizational linkages, and influence on organizations), as reported by coalition members, and examines the degree to which these capacities facilitated the community leader reports of the community-wide adoption of a science-based approach to prevention. Findings indicated that the five coalition capacities could be reliably measured using coalition member reports. Meta-regression analyses found that CTC had a greater impact on the adoption of a science-based prevention approach in 12 matched pairs of control and CTC communities where the CTC coalition had greater member (new skill acquisition) and organizational capacities (organizational linkages). PMID:25323784

Shapiro, Valerie B; Oesterle, Sabrina; Hawkins, J David



Historical Changes to Lake Washington and Route of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, King County, Washington  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Historical shoreline changes to hydrologic characteristics were studied for Lake Washington and the route of Lake Washington Ship Canal. The study is based on comparison of maps made during the period 1875-1907 and modern topographic maps, supplemented with historical documents that describe the once-natural setting of the lakes and streams in the Lake Washington drainage basin. The observed shoreline changes range from minor to substantial. The water-surface area has been historically reduced by about 6 square kilometers, and total shoreline has been reduced by 20 kilometers. Approximately 4 square kilometers of the historical wetland area has been eliminated, or about 93 percent of the natural wetland extent. The changes have resulted from construction of the Lake Washington Ship Canal and accompanying water-level adjustments, shoreline modification from urban growth of the area, and limited natural processes. The map comparison documents (1) extent of shoreline changes (2) historical loss of wetlands area, (3) loss of small streams that historically entered the lakes and bays, and (4) historical vegetation and land-use patterns around the lakeshore and canal route. The identification of historical shorelines, wetlands, and small streams that have no expression on today 's landscape is information of value to land-use planning and local engineering activities. (USGS)

Chrzastowski, Michael J.



Optimal control for competitive-cooperative systems: Modeling flexible coalitions in tomorrow`s competitive world  

SciTech Connect

The last years have witnessed a dramatic shift of the world`s military, political, and economic paradigm from a bi-polar competitive gridlock to a more fluid, multi-player environment. This change has necessarily been followed by a re-evaluation of the strategic thinking and by a reassessment of mutual positions, options, and decisions. The essential attributes of the new situation are modeled by a system of nonlinear evolution equations with competitive/cooperative interactions. The mathematical setting is quite general to accommodate models related to military confrontation, arms control, economic competition, political negotiations, etc. Irrespective of the specific details, all these situations share a common denominator, namely the presence of various players with different and often changing interests and goals. The interests, ranging from conflicting to consensual, are defined in a context of interactions between the players that vary from competitive to cooperative. Players with converging interests tend to build up cooperative coalitions while coalitions with diverging interests usually compete among themselves, but this is not an absolute requirement (namely, one may have groups with converging interests and competitive interactions, and vice-versa). Appurtenance to a coalition may change in time according to the shift in one`s perceptions, interests, or obligations. During the time evolution, the players try to modify their strategies as to best achieve their respective goals. An objective functional quantifying the rate of success (payoff) vs. effort (cost) measures the degree of goal attainment for all players involved, thus selecting an optimal strategy based on optimal controls. While the technical details may vary from problem to problem, the general approach described here establishes a standard framework for a host of concrete situations that may arise from tomorrow`s {open_quotes}next competition{close_quotes}.

Lenhart, S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)]|[Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Mathematics; Protopopescu, V. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)



San Francisco hep B free: a grassroots community coalition to prevent hepatitis B and liver cancer.  


Chronic hepatitis B is the leading cause of liver cancer and the largest health disparity between Asian/Pacific Islanders (APIs) and the general US population. The Hep B Free model was launched to eliminate hepatitis B infection by increasing hepatitis B awareness, testing, vaccination, and treatment among APIs by building a broad, community-wide coalition. The San Francisco Hep B Free campaign is a diverse public/private collaboration unifying the API community, health care system, policy makers, businesses, and the general public in San Francisco, California. Mass-media and grassroots messaging raised citywide awareness of hepatitis B and promoted use of the existing health care system for hepatitis B screening and follow-up. Coalition partners reported semi-annually on activities, resources utilized, and system changes instituted. From 2007 to 2009, over 150 organizations contributed approximately $1,000,000 in resources to the San Francisco Hep B Free campaign. 40 educational events reached 1,100 healthcare providers, and 50% of primary care physicians pledged to screen APIs routinely for hepatitis B. Community events and fairs reached over 200,000 members of the general public. Of 3,315 API clients tested at stand-alone screening sites created by the campaign, 6.5% were found to be chronically infected and referred to follow-up care. A grassroots coalition that develops strong partnerships with diverse organizations can use existing resources to successfully increase public and healthcare provider awareness about hepatitis B among APIs, promote routine hepatitis B testing and vaccination as part of standard primary care, and ensure access to treatment for chronically infected individuals. PMID:21125320

Bailey, Meredith B; Shiau, Rita; Zola, Janet; Fernyak, Susan E; Fang, Ted; So, Samuel K S; Chang, Ellen T



Assessing the educational and support needs of nursing staff serving older adults: a case study of a community coalition/university partnership.  


Given the expected changes in demography and dependent care ratios, communities are preparing for the needs of older populations. Sometimes, communities form coalitions to address health-care needs. This case study evaluates a coalition/university partnership formed to assess the educational and support needs of nursing staff who are taking care of older adults across all service settings in one geographically defined community. A 17-member community-based coalition contracted with researchers from an external university to determine the perceptions of three key stakeholder groups: older adults and their families, all levels of nursing staff, and agency administrators. By applying principles of Participatory Action Research (PAR), this case study presents the challenges faced in the community-based coalition/university research team partnership. This coalition/research partnership is unique, differing from most academic examples of PAR because nursing professionals initiated the partnership. PMID:24652930

Perry, Tam E; Ziemba, Rosemary



Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan



Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Columbia River is experiencing a far too common problem of disastrous coastal erosion that has been causing grave concern in its community. Because of this, the US Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program and the Washington Department of Ecology created the Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study to predict management scale coastal change, and provide "coastal communities with decision support tools for integrating scientific research with coastal decision making and long-term land use planning efforts." Visitors can discover the study's approach, findings, and participants. The lengthy, informative research link provides information about the study's five key components: coastal change, sediment budget, coastal processes, predictive modeling, and management support. The authors are currently compiling the data collected. Presently, researchers can find data about the beach profiles and the shorelines. The website offers a great, thorough glossary to assist users with unfamiliar terminology. This site is also reviewed in the June 11, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.


Father Secchi Goes to Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1848 a small group of Jesuit refugees arrived at Georgetown College near Washington, D.C. Among them was a young priest, Angelo Secchi, who had finished theology studies in Rome, but had not been able to complete his final examinations. This done successfully, Secchi turned to astronomy and the new facilities of the Georgetown College Observatory, directed by its founder, Fr. James Curley. During his two years in Washington, Secchi studied physics, wrote an article on Electrical Rheometry for the Smithsonian Institution, and formed a friendship with Matthew Fontaine Maury of the U.S. Navy, who headed the Chart Service and in 1844 was named superintendent of the National Observatory. This was later named the U.S. Naval Observatory. Secchi's friendships formed during the Washington visit proved most helpful for relations between European astronomers and U.S. colleagues. Secchi, after his return to Rome constructed the Observatory of the Collegio Romano atop the baroque Church of St. Ignatius in Rome and began his work in spectral classification of stars.

McCarthy, M. F.



George Washington: A National Treasure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When people think of George Washington, they frequently think of the very famous portrait of the man himself painted by Gilbert Stuart. Visitors to this site will get a chance to explore every angle of that painting on this site, along with puzzles, quizzes, and historical features that offer insight into Washington's life and times. The site was created by the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery, with generous support from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. Visitors should start their exploration by clicking on the "Explore the Portrait" link. Here they can take in the portrait through three vantage points: the symbolic, the biographic, and the artistic. It's a fantastic and multifaceted portrait of, well, a portrait, and it's worth several visits. Moving on, "The Patriot Papers" area of the site contains several fun activities, including a tile game, and a feature titled "CROSS-ing the Delaware". Finally, this section also contains some fun articles that answer timely questions like "What were George Washington's teeth really made of?"


Flexible procedural interoperability across security and coalition boundaries using rapidly reconfigurable boundary protection definitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Existing configuration of boundary protection devices, which validate the content and context of information crossing between security domains, uses a set of accreditor-agreed steps individually agreed for every situation. This has traditionally been a slow and exacting process of negotiation between integrators and accreditors. The Decentralized Operation Procedure (DOP) technique allows interoperability definitions of system interactions to be created as XML files and deployed across the battlefield environment. By extending the security information definitions within the DOP technique, it is intended to provide sufficient incorporated information to allow boundary protection devices to also immediately load and utilize a DOP XML file and then apply established standards of security. This allows boundary devices to be updated with the same dynamism as the deployment of new DOPs and DOP interoperability definitions to also exploit coalitional capabilities having crossed security boundaries. The proposal describes an open and published boundary definition to support the aims of the MOD 23-13 Generic Base Architecture Defense Standard when working with coalition partners. The research aims are; a) to identify each element within a DOP that requires security characteristics to be described; b) create a means to define security characteristics using XML; c) determine whether external validation of an approved DOP requires additional authentication; d) determine the actions that end users will have to perform on boundary protection devices in support of these aims. The paper will present the XML security extensions and the results of a practical implementation achieved through the modification of an existing accredited barrier device.

Peach, Nicholas



Rise and fall of endrin usage in Washington state fruit orchards: Effects on wildlife  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A study of the effects of endrin on wildlife was conducted from 1981 to 1983 in fruit orchards in central Washington state. The single post-harvest application of endrin as a rodenticide resulted in both acute and chronic toxicity to a variety of avian species. Most mortality occurred soon after application, but several raptors died during the spring and summer. Most wildlife sampled in the orchard system contained residues of endrin. There was on evidence that endrin depressed reproductive success.

Blus, L.J.; Henny, C.J.; Grove, R.A.



Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium Proceedings (3rd, Bradford Woods, Indiana, January 12-14, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings includes 18 papers and abstracts of papers presented at the third biennial research symposium of the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors. Following an introduction, "Strengthening the Foundations of Outdoor Education" (Anderson B. Young, Leo H. McAvoy), the papers and abstracts are: "Research in Outdoor Education: Our Place on…

McAvoy, Leo H., Ed.; Stringer, L. Allison, Ed.; Bialeschki, M. Deborah, Ed.; Young, Anderson B., Ed.


Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium Proceedings (4th, Bradford Woods, Indiana, January 9-11, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains 13 papers from the 1998 Research Symposium of the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors. Following a preface "Building the Research Foundations of Outdoor Education" (Karen M. Fox, Leo H. McAvoy, Anderson B. Young), the entries are: (1) "An Integrative Review of the Literature on Women in the Outdoors" (Karla A.…

Fox, Karen M., Ed.; Foti, Pamela E., Ed.; McAvoy, Leo H., Ed.; Young, Anderson B., Ed.; Ryan, Sean, Ed.; Johnson, Rebecca, Ed.; Bialeschki, M. Deborah, Ed.


Over the last two years, The National Business Coalition on Health (NBCH) and the Centers for Disease Control  

E-print Network

, support for health fairs and other worksite programs, assessment of health plan benefit design#12;#12;3 Over the last two years, The National Business Coalition on Health (NBCH) and the Centers our roles in the development of scientific and practical knowledge about health risk appraisals


Into the Fray: How a Funders Coalition Restored Momentum for Early Learning in Minnesota. FCD Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 2008, a coalition of Minnesota foundations commissioned a local research organization to assess the state's ability to undertake a major improvement in school readiness and early learning services for disadvantaged children. The findings were discouraging. Richard Chase, working at the research arm of St. Paul's Amherst H. Wilder…

Hage, Dave



Theorizing a Coalition-Engendered Education: The Case of the Boston Women's Health Book Collective's Body Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concurring with Cunningham's assessment of the need for a counter-hegemonic vision of critical pedagogy in adult education thought and practice, this article theorizes a coalition-engendered education as a specific type of emancipatory pedagogy common in North America. Examining the Boston Women's Health Book Collective's body education as an…

Birden, Susan



Wind-Power Development in Germany and the U.S.: Multiple Streams, Advocacy Coalitions, and Turning Points  

E-print Network

Wind-Power Development in Germany and the U.S.: Multiple Streams, Advocacy Coalitions, and Turning especially large. Wind power produces relatively low levels of environmental damage over its life cycle (like capacity of wind power rose an average of 26% a year from 2001 to 2010, to a total of about 197

Qiu, Weigang


A Qualitative Study of Occupational Therapy's Role in Adolescent Transition in a Midwestern Coalition of Many School Districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two years after high school, adolescents with disabilities struggle with employment, independent living, and continuing education. These struggles call for school-based occupational therapists to take a role to impact outcomes. The perceptions of occupational therapists within transition services in a large Midwestern coalition were examined. Through semistructured interviews with 4 nonoccupational therapy transition professionals and a focus group with occupational

Candice Gangl; Peggy Strecker Neufeld; Christine Berg



Community capacity building in CDC’s Community Coalition Partnership Programs for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo describe lessons learned from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Community Coalition Partnership Program (CCPP) about building a community’s capacity to prevent teen pregnancy through strengthening of partnerships, mobilization of community resources, and changes in the number and quality of community programs.

Doryn D. Chervin; Susan Philliber; Claire D. Brindis; Amy E. Chadwick; Michelle L. Revels; Stephanie L. Kamin; Richard S. Wike; Jane S. Kramer; Debra Bartelli; Cathleen K. Schmidt; Sara A. Peterson; L. Teresa Valderrama



Mobilizing Communities around HIV Prevention for Youth: How Three Coalitions Applied Key Strategies to Bring about Structural Changes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, HIV prevention efforts must focus on altering features of the social and physical environment to reduce risks associated with HIV acquisition and transmission. Community coalitions provide a vehicle for bringing about sustainable structural changes. This article shares lessons and key strategies regarding how three community…

Chutuape, Kate S.; Willard, Nancy; Sanchez, Kenia; Straub, Diane M.; Ochoa, Tara N.; Howell, Kourtney; Rivera, Carmen; Ramos, Ibrahim; Ellen, Jonathan M.



National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington, DC  

E-print Network

Washington, DC NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL Human Exploration and Operations Committee July 23-24, 2012 Goddard...................................................................................................... 8 Mars--The Search for Life. ............................................................................................................................ 8 Mars Program Planning Group

Waliser, Duane E.


Washington: a guide to geothermal energy development  

SciTech Connect

Washington's geothermal potential is discussed. The following topics are covered: exploration, drilling, utilization, legal and institutional setting, and economic factors of direct use projects. (MHR)

Bloomquist, R.G.; Basescu, N.; Higbee, C.; Justus, D.; Simpson, S.



Thermal stress and toxicity.  


Elevating ambient temperature above thermoneutrality exacerbates toxicity of most air pollutants, insecticides, and other toxic chemicals. On the other hand, safety and toxicity testing of toxicants and drugs is usually performed in mice and rats maintained at sub-thermoneutral temperatures of ~22?C. When exposed to chemical toxicants under these relatively cool conditions, rodents typically undergo a regulated hypothermic response, characterized by preference for cooler ambient temperatures and controlled reduction in core temperature. Reducing core temperature delays the clearance of most toxicants from the body; however, a mild hypothermia also improves recovery and survival from the toxicant. Raising ambient temperature to thermoneutrality and above increases the rate of clearance of the toxicant but also exacerbates toxicity. Furthermore, heat stress combined with work or exercise is likely to worsen toxicity. Body temperature of large mammals, including humans, does not decrease as much in response to exposure to a toxicant. However, heat stress can nonetheless worsen toxic outcome in humans through a variety of mechanisms. For example, heat-induced sweating and elevation in skin blood flow accelerates uptake of some insecticides. Epidemiological studies suggest that thermal stress may exacerbate the toxicity of airborne pollutants such as ozone and particulate matter. Overall, translating results of studies in rodents to that of humans is a formidable task attributed in part to the interspecies differences in thermoregulatory response to the toxicants and to thermal stress. PMID:24944028

Gordon, Christopher J; Johnstone, Andrew F M; Aydin, Cenk



Strain accumulation in western Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Juan de Fuca plate is subducted beneath the North American plate off the coast of Washington at a rate of about 40 mm/yr N68°E. The average principal strain rates (extension reckoned positive) measured in northwestern Washington are as follows: Olympic peninsula 25 km south of Port Angeles from 1982 through 1990, ??1=0.011±0.027 ?strain/yr N31°E±6.6° and ??2=-0.092±0.028 ?strain/yr N59°W±6.6° and near Seattle from 1972 through 1985, ??1=0.027±0.019 ?strain/yr N22°E±6.4° and ??2=-0.036±0.013 ?strain/yr N68°W±6.4°. Both strain measurements are consistent with uniaxial contraction in the direction of plate convergence. Uplift rates inferred from tide gage recordings are about 4 mm/yr on the Pacific coast and near 0 mm/yr farther inland near Seattle. These deformation rates are consistent with a model of the Cascadia subduction zone in which the plate interface beneath the continental slope and outer continental shelf is locked but free to slip farther landward. The limited downdip extent of the locked segment of the plate interface is consistent with a shallow depth (˜20 km) of the isotherm (˜450°C) that defines the brittle-ductile transition. Small thrust events diagnostic of seismic subduction should then occur only offshore and at shallow depths. The principal strain rates measured from 1972 through 1983 in the back arc region near Richland, Washington, are ??1=-0.016±0.013 ?strain/yr N03°W±34° and ??2=-0.024±0.013 ?strain/yr N87°E±34°.

Savage, J. C.; Lisowski, M.; Prescott, W. H.



Mechanisms underlying Children's susceptibility to environmental toxicants.  

PubMed Central

An important public health challenge has been the need to protect children's health. To accomplish this goal, the scientific community needs scientifically based child-specific risk assessment methods. Critical to their development is the need to understand mechanisms underlying children's sensitivity to environmental toxicants. Risk is defined as the probability of adverse outcome and when applied to environmental risk assessment is usually defined as a function of both toxicity and exposure. To adequately evaluate the potential for enhanced health risks during development, both child-specific factors affecting toxicity and exposure need to be considered. In the first section of this article, example mechanisms of susceptibility relevant for toxicity assessment are identified and discussed. In the second section, examples of exposure factors that help define children's susceptibility are presented. Examples of pesticide research from the newly funded Child Health Center at the University of Washington will be given for illustration. The final section discusses the importance of putting these considerations of children's susceptibility into an overall framework for ascertaining relevancy for human risk assessment. Images Figure 1 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 PMID:10698720

Faustman, E M; Silbernagel, S M; Fenske, R A; Burbacher, T M; Ponce, R A



36 CFR 1253.4 - Washington National Records Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Washington National Records Center. 1253.4 Section 1253.4 Parks...HOURS OF USE § 1253.4 Washington National Records Center. Washington National Records Center is located at 4205 Suitland...



Buddy D. Ratner University of Washington Engineered Biomaterials (UWEB)  

E-print Network

Buddy D. Ratner University of Washington Engineered Biomaterials (UWEB) University of Washington BIO Buddy D. Ratner is Director of the University of Washington Engineered Biomaterials (UWEB21 of UWEB (now UWEB21). His interests include biomaterials, tissue engineering, polymers, biocompatibility


76 FR 16323 - Irish Potatoes Grown in Washington; Continuance Referendum  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AMS-FV-11-0010; FV11-946-1 CR] Irish Potatoes Grown in Washington; Continuance...conducted among eligible Washington potato growers to determine whether they...order regulating the handling of Irish potatoes grown in Washington....



7 CFR 923.322 - Washington cherry handling regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Washington cherry handling regulation. 923.322 Section...Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWEET CHERRIES GROWN IN DESIGNATED COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON...Regulation § 923.322 Washington cherry handling regulation. (a)...



Human dynamics of spending: Longitudinal study of a coalition loyalty program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large-scale data of a coalition loyalty program is analyzed in terms of the temporal dynamics of customers' behaviors. We report that the two main activities of a loyalty program, earning and redemption of points, exhibit very different behaviors. It is also found that as customers become older from their early 20's, both male and female customers increase their earning and redemption activities until they arrive at the turning points, beyond which both activities decrease. The positions of turning points as well as the maximum earned and redeemed points are found to differ for males and females. On top of these temporal behaviors, we identify that there exists a learning effect and customers learn how to earn and redeem points as their experiences accumulate in time.

Yi, Il Gu; Jeong, Hyang Min; Choi, Woosuk; Jang, Seungkwon; Lee, Heejin; Kim, Beom Jun



Grooming and coalitions in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata): partner choice and the time frame reciprocation.  


Evidence of a reciprocal exchange of grooming and agonistic support in primates is mixed. In this study, the authors analyzed a large database of grooming and coalitions in captive female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) to investigate their within-group distribution and temporal relations. Macaques groomed preferentially those individuals that groomed them most and supported preferentially those individuals that supported them most. They also supported preferentially those individuals that groomed them most and groomed preferentially those individuals that supported them most. These results were not explained by covariation of grooming and support with third variables such as kinship, rank, or time spent in proximity. However, receiving grooming did not increase the short-term probability of supporting a partner, and being supported did not increase the short-term probability of grooming a partner. The proximate mechanisms underlying the exchange of services were discussed in relation to the time frame of the behavioral choices made by the monkeys. PMID:17516796

Schino, Gabriele; di Sorrentino, Eugenia Polizzi; Tiddi, Barbara



Political Coalitions for Mutual Advantage: The Case of the Tobacco Institute’s Labor Management Committee  

PubMed Central

In 1984, the tobacco workers’ union and the Tobacco Institute, which represents US tobacco companies, formed a labor management committee (LMC). The institute relied on LMC unions to resist smoke-free worksite rules. In a review of the internal tobacco industry documents now publicly available, we found that the LMC succeeded for 2 primary reasons. First, the LMC furthered members’ interests, allowing them to overcome institutional barriers to policy success. Second, the LMC used an “institutions, ideas, and interests” strategy to encourage non-LMC unions to oppose smoke-free worksite rules. While public health advocates missed an opportunity to partner with unions on the issue of smoke-free worksites during the era studied, they can use a similar strategy to form coalitions with unions. PMID:15914820

Balbach, Edith D.; Barbeau, Elizabeth M.; Manteufel, Viola; Pan, Jocelyn



Activism today: the Coalition for Salvage Therapy. Interview with Linda Grinberg. Interview by John S. James.  


The article details an interview with activist Linda Grinberg of Foundation for AIDS and Immune Research (FAIR) on the activities of the Coalition for Salvage Therapy (CST), advocates for persons with advanced HIV infection and multiple treatment failures; CST seeks to improve research, and promote the earliest possible access to drugs for patients who urgently need new treatments. Although heavily pre-treated or multi-drug resistant patients appear to be the most realistic test for new drugs, companies often recruit treatment-naive patients, where success may be more easily shown. By working with pharmaceutical companies to persuade them to conduct trials such as "proof of concept" studies, CST and other groups are trying to improve treatment for persons with HIV infection. Contact information is provided. PMID:11367171

Grinberg, L



Game theoretical multi-agent modelling of coalition formation for multilateral trades  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, the electric utility industries world wide have been undergoing deregulation to introduce competitiveness in the generation, transmission , and distribution of electric power. The once centralized system planning and operation management must be remodelled to adapt to the new market structure. In particular, the trading mechanism needs to be totally revised as any party may get involved in this free-market, subject to the unavoidable constraints such as generation volumes, physical transmission means, and days-ahead scheduling. This paper presents a multi-agent model in conjunction with game theory to resolve the coalition formation for multilateral trades. The authors have implemented the model using the Java programming language and the JATLite/JAT0.3 agent development tools developed by Stanford University.

Yeung, C.S.K.; Poon, A.S.Y.; Wu, F.F. [Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical Engineering



Tablet PC Enhanced Curricula University of Washington  

E-print Network

Tablet PC Enhanced Curricula University of Washington Richard Anderson 2. Students write answers on slides on their tablets and send them back to the instructor Classroom · Tablet PC based classroom interaction system · Supports inking on slides to integrate slide based content

Anderson, Richard


Women's Leadership Roles and Washington Internships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to explore the value of experiential education in the context of Washington internships and to consider the importance of role mentoring for female students in political science. The central question for this paper is whether the presence of female leadership role models and mentors in Washington internship programs…

Casamayou, Maureen Hogan; Mikhalevsky, Nina


Reshaping the Image of Booker T. Washington  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Booker T. Washington, founder of the Tuskegee Institute and the recognized leader of American black people from 1895 until his death in 1915, has been viewed as an accommodationist to segregation, an African-American leader who traded black equality and voting rights for his own influence among white bigots. Washington rose to national fame with a…

Norrell, Robert J.



Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Washington, 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper profiles the student subgroup achievement and gap trends in Washington for 2010. In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Washington showed across-the-board gains in math--improvements at the basic, proficient, and advanced levels for all racial/ethnic subgroups, low-income students, and…

Center on Education Policy, 2010



University of Washington Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee  

E-print Network

University of Washington Montlake Landfill Oversight Committee Montlake Landfill Project Guide April 2009 This document is maintained by the University of Washington Environmental Health and Safety Area, shorelines, wetlands and a riparian corridor. The area is currently used for vehicle parking

Wilcock, William


Transfer Programs for Washington Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is in three parts--(1) general information about Washington State University, including admission policy, application procedures, transfer of credits, housing, visitation program, military training (ROTC), and scholarships and loans; (2) the general university graduation requirements and, for each Washington community college,…

Washington State Univ., Pullman. Office of Admissions.


Industrial & Systems Engineering University of Washington  

E-print Network

Industrial & Systems Engineering University of Washington Linda Ng Boyle, Ph.D. Associate Professor #12;Agenda · What is Industrial & Systems Engineering? · Where do Industrial Engineers get jobs? · What classes would you take in ISE? · Where do UW graduates with ISE degrees

Anderson, Richard


Frustration at Heart of Washington Rally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thousands of educators, parent activists, and others are expected to convene in the heat and humidity of Washington next month for a march protesting the current thrust of education policy in the United States, especially the strong emphasis on test-based accountability. Organizers of the Washington say U.S. policymakers are moving in the wrong…

Robelen, Erik W.



University of Washington Department of Radiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Department of Radiology Webserver offers an online learning center with Continuing Medical Education (CME) credits are available online through the Webserver. The University of Washington School of Medicine has designated the digital teaching file on the Webserver for credit hours in Category I of the Physicians Recognition Award of the American Medical Association.


Stategic Plan 2008 Washington State University  

E-print Network

and education mission to the people of Washington and the state's in- creasing global involvement, the College, encouraging work- place environment. #12;2 College of Agricultural, Human, and Natural Resource SciencesStategic Plan 2008 Washington State University College of Agricultural, Human, and Natural

Collins, Gary S.


View of book shop on elevator reboarding level Washington ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of book shop on elevator reboarding level - Washington Monument, High ground West of Fifteenth Street, Northwest, between Independence & Constitution Avenues, Washington, District of Columbia, DC



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF NOS. 217 AND 219 WASHINGTON AVENUE LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING WEST FACADES - Apollo Iron & Steel Works, Company Housing, West of Washington & Lincoln Avenues, Vandergrift, Westmoreland County, PA


Washington University School of Medicine Telephone Numbers (Area Code 314)  

E-print Network

Washington University School of Medicine FACTS 2012 Telephone Numbers (Area Code 314) Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .TOP-DOCS (867-3627) Pediatrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454-KIDS (454

Baloh, Bob



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING EAST TOWARDS LINCOLN MEMORIAL AND WASHINGTON MONUMENT - Arlington Memorial Bridge, Spanning Potomac River between Lincoln Memorial & Arlington National Cemetery, Washington, District of Columbia, DC


Elevation of grove looking northeast toward Washington Monument 1910 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Elevation of grove looking northeast toward Washington Monument - 1910 Japanese Flowering Cherry Trees , East Potomac Golf Course, East Potomac Park, Hains Point vicinity, Washington, District of Columbia, DC


How Toxic Is It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relative danger from toxicity of some typical chemicals. Notes that some materials in solutions have low toxicity, but in dust form have high toxicity. Suggests that more chemical compounds should be treated as the dangerous compounds they are. Lists common compounds found in the lab. (MVL)

Crellin, John R.



Chromium toxicity in plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its wide industrial use, chromium is considered a serious environmental pollutant. Contamination of soil and water by chromium (Cr) is of recent concern. Toxicity of Cr to plants depends on its valence state: Cr(VI) is highly toxic and mobile whereas Cr(III) is less toxic. Since plants lack a specific transport system for Cr, it is taken up by

Arun K. Shanker; Carlos Cervantes; Herminia Loza-Tavera; S. Avudainayagam




E-print Network

Community coalitions and partnerships are commonly used strategies to prevent substance abuse and address other public health issues. These alliances among multiple organizations aim to prevent substance abuse by changing conditions related...

Keene Woods, Nicole Candace



Assessing the Educational and Support Needs of Nursing Staff Serving Older Adults: A Case Study of a Community Coalition/ University Partnership  

PubMed Central

Given expected changes in demography and dependent care ratios, communities are preparing for the needs of older populations. Sometimes communities form coalitions to address health care needs. This case study evaluates a coalition/university partnership formed to assess the educational and support needs of nursing staff who are taking care of older adults across all service settings in one geographically defined community. A community-based coalition of 17 service providers contracted with researchers from an external university to determine the perceptions of three key stakeholder groups: older adults and their families; all levels of nursing staff; and agency administrators. By applying principles of Participatory Action Research (PAR) this case study presents the challenges faced in the community-based coalition/university research team partnership. This community/research partnership is unique, differing from most academic examples of PAR because nursing professionals as community members initiated the partnership. PMID:24652930

Perry, Tam E.; Ziemba, Rosemary



Toxics release inventory: List of toxic chemicals  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a quick reference list of the chemicals for which reporting is required under Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) (commonly referred to as the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) List). Certain businesses are required to submit reports each year on the amounts of toxic chemicals that their facilities release into the environment, either routinely or as a result of accidents. The purpose of this reporting requirement is to inform government officials and the public about releases of toxic chemicals into the environment.

Not Available



Is the coal industry worth protecting? an examination of the effects of competing advocacy coalitions on implementation of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977  

E-print Network


Pennington, Michael Sean



Skewed Riskscapes and Gentrified Inequities: Environmental Exposure Disparities in Seattle, Washington  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Few studies have considered the sociohistorical intersection of environmental injustice and gentrification; a gap addressed by this case study of Seattle, Washington. This study explored the advantages of integrating air toxic risk screening with gentrification research to enhance proximity and health equity analysis methodologies. It was hypothesized that Seattle's industrial air toxic exposure risk was unevenly dispersed, that gentrification stratified the city's neighborhoods, and that the inequities of both converged. Methods. Spatial characterizations of air toxic pollution risk exposures from 1990 to 2007 were combined with longitudinal cluster analysis of census block groups in Seattle, Washington, from 1990 to 2000. Results. A cluster of air toxic exposure inequality and socioeconomic inequity converged in 1 area of south central Seattle. Minority and working class residents were more concentrated in the same neighborhoods near Seattle's worst industrial pollution risks. Conclusions. Not all pollution was distributed equally in a dynamic urban landscape. Using techniques to examine skewed riskscapes and socioeconomic urban geographies provided a foundation for future research on the connections among environmental health hazard sources, socially vulnerable neighborhoods, and health inequity. PMID:21836115

White, Jonah




USGS Publications Warehouse

The results of geologic, geochemical, aeromagnetic, and mine and prospect investigations define the mineral-resource potential of the Eagle Rock Roadless Area of north-central Washington. The area has probable and substantiated resource potential for base and precious metals where the eastern part of the Index mining district extends into the roadless area; the Sunset mine, 400 ft outside the area, has inferred copper resources, and 10 other properties in the roadless area have demonstrated resources for base and precious metals. The resource potential in the area is related to the Index batholith, which makes up the western part of the roadless area, and rocks to the east in the roadless area that are intruded by the Index batholith. There is little promise for the occurrence of energy resources in the roadless area.

Church, S.E.; Johnson, F.L.



George Washington Carver Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

George Washington Carver was many things to many people: at various points in his life he was a scholar, teacher, inventor, and student. From humble roots in southwestern Missouri, Carver went on to wear many hats. This fine digital collection from the Iowa State University brings together over 200 photographs, letters, and other items held in the ISU archives. The majority of the correspondence here is between Carver and his mentor, Dr. Louis Pammel, and their words cover a wide variety of topics, including peanuts, scientific experimentation, and so on. There are many wonderful photos of Carver, including his graduation photo from 1893, taken the year before he formally graduated from the Iowa Agricultural College. Visitors who might be less familiar with the contours of Carver life may also wish to read the narrative essay on his life by Toby Fishbein.



Eastern Washington University Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Eastern Washington University (EWU) Libraries has been working over the past several years to put a number of collections online, and this website includes some of their latest offerings. The materials are all housed at the John F. Kennedy Memorial Library on the EWU campus, and they include "Pacific Railroad Survey Prints" and "Historic Images of Cheney, WA". In the "Pacific Railroad Survey Prints" collection, visitors can browse through 69 items from the 1860 War Department Reports of Explorations and Survey. They present some of the earliest published images of the Northwest, and they will be a true delight to historians and artists. Moving on, the "Women of a Small College Town" collection includes 15 transcriptions of oral history interviews conducted with women from Cheney, which is the home of EWU.


Water Resources of Washington State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains information and water resource data on rivers and streams, ground water, and water quality. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) operates a satellite network of stream-gaging stations in the state, many of which form the backbone of flood-warning systems, and conducts studies of water resources, such as watersheds and aquifers. These studies help define the quantity and quality of the water, conditions of ecological habitat, and relations to land use and natural features. The site features publications and reports about the data and information from these studies. There is information on USGS projects related to regional water issues such as salmon recovery and the Endangered Species Act; floods, droughts and other natural hazards; and water availability. The site also provides water resource news such as a drought watch section and earthquake news for Washington State.


A case study of conflict management in bonobos: how does a bonobo (Pan paniscus) mother manage conflicts between her sons and her female coalition partner?  


Female coalitions are an important part of the social organization of bonobos. The strength of the mother-son relationship is another essential part of this social structure. A bonobo mother is therefore facing a dilemma when a conflict arises between her sons and her female coalition partners. Will she take her coalition partner's side and favour the social organization of the group or support her son in order to defend her offspring? In order to address this issue, we performed an observational study of the captive group at Planckendael (Belgium) and used social grooming and proximity to assess the relationship between individuals. As a case study, we focused on the relationships between Hortense, one of the group's mothers, her 3 sons Redi, Vifijo and Zamba, and her coalition partner Hermien. Surprisingly, we observed that Hortense preferentially supported her female coalition partner. For Hortense's social status in the group, it may be more important to maintain the strong relationship with her higher-ranking female coalition partner than to support her sons. PMID:22286277

Legrain, L; Stevens, J; Alegria Iscoa, J; Destrebecqz, A



Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains information about the geology of Washington State, provided by the Division of Natural Resources (DNR). It includes details about geologic hazards, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, tsunamis, and coal mine subsidence; geologic mapping, including a geologic map of the state; mine reclamation programs and energy regulation; downloadable publications; geology of the state by region, and by major geologic events from the Precambrian to Cenozoic; and information about the library with a Digital Bibliography of the Geology and Mineral Resources of Washington. The education section contains the Earth Connections series with lessons and experiments relating to geology within Washington state. There are many links provided for more information.


Bringing Health Policy Issues Front and Center in the Community: Expanding the Role of Community Health Coalitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Systemic, environmental, and socioeconomic conditions create the context in which community members deal with their health concerns. Comprehensive, community-based chronic disease prevention interventions should address community-wide or regional policy issues that influence lifestyle behaviors associated with chronic diseases. Context In two communities along the Arizona-Mexico border, community coalitions that administered a comprehensive diabetes prevention and control intervention expanded their

Joel S. Meister; Jill Guernsey de Zapien


Energy Matters in Washington State Page 1 Energy Matters  

E-print Network

Energy Matters in Washington State ­ Page 1 Energy Matters in Washington State June 2008 Updated November 2009 Updated and Revised October 2013 Grand Coulee Dam #12;Energy Matters in Washington State ­ Page 2 Copyright © 2013 Washington State University Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, P.O. Box 43169

Collins, Gary S.


State of Washington Water Research Center Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

State of Washington Water Research Center Annual Technical Report FY 2008 State of Washington Water Research Center Annual Technical Report FY 2008 1 #12;Introduction The mission of the State of Washington-related research important to the State of Washington and the region, ii) Educate and train engineers, scientists


State of Washington Water Research Center Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

State of Washington Water Research Center Annual Technical Report FY 2012 State of Washington Water, the overarching strategic mission of the State of Washington Water Research Center (SWWRC) has been to: i) facilitate, coordinate, conduct, and administer water-related research important to the State of Washington


12 CFR 4.4 - Washington office and web site.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Washington office and web site. 4.4 Section 4.4 Banks and...Functions § 4.4 Washington office and web site. The Washington office...Washington, DC 20219. The OCC's Web site is at...



12 CFR 4.4 - Washington office and web site.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Washington office and web site. 4.4 Section 4.4 Banks and...Functions § 4.4 Washington office and web site. The Washington office...Washington, DC 20219. The OCC's Web site is at...



12 CFR 4.4 - Washington office and web site.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Washington office and web site. 4.4 Section 4.4 Banks and...Functions § 4.4 Washington office and web site. The Washington office...Washington, DC 20219. The OCC's Web site is at...



Reducing disparities for African Americans with diabetes: progress made by the REACH 2010 Charleston and Georgetown Diabetes Coalition.  

PubMed Central

Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH 2010) is a U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention demonstration program that responds to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' goal to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in health status by the year 2010. As part of REACH 2010, community projects were funded to develop, implement, and evaluate community action plans to improve health care and outcomes for racial and ethnic populations. This article describes the program and details the progress of the REACH 2010: Charleston and Georgetown Diabetes Coalition in reducing disparities in care. Approaches employed by the Coalition included community development, empowerment, and education related to diabetes; health systems change associated with access, care, and education; and coalition advocacy. Racial disparities were identified for 12,000 African Americans with diabetes in this urban/rural South Carolina community. After 24 months, significant differences that initially ranged from 11% to 28% in African Americans (when compared with whites/others) were not observed on 270 chart audits for A1C, lipid and kidney testing, eye examinations, and blood pressure control. Future efforts will focus on maintaining progress, eliminating other disparities, and identifying the contributions of each intervention in eliminating racial disparities. PMID:15158111

Jenkins, Carolyn; McNary, Sara; Carlson, Barbara A.; King, Marilyn Givens; Hossler, Charles L.; Magwood, Gayenell; Zheng, Deyi; Hendrix, Katharine; Beck, Lorna Shelton; Linnen, Florene; Thomas, Virginia; Powell, Sheila; Ma'at, Imani



Toxic substances alert program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A toxicity profile is provided, of 187 toxic substances procured by NASA Lewis Research Center during a 3 1/2 year period, including 27 known or suspected carcinogens. The goal of the program is to assure that the center's health and safety personnel are aware of the procurement and use of toxic substances and to alert and inform the users of these materials as to the toxic characteristics and the control measures needed to ensure their safe use. The program also provides a continuing record of the toxic substances procured, who procured them, what other toxic substances the user has obtained in the past, and where similar materials have been used elsewhere at the center.

Junod, T. L.



A Special Treat Awaits Zoophiles in Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Amazonia exhibit at the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, in Washington DC. The exhibit provides an example of the plant and animal life that exist in a tropical rain forest. (MDH)

Park, Edwards



Charging Up in King County, Washington  


King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

Constantine, Dow; Oliver, LeAnn; Inslee, Jay; Sahandy, Sheida; Posthuma, Ron; Morrison, David;



University of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

University of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 Annual Report #12;ERM 2010 Annual Report 2 December 2010 "Enterprise Risk Management" (ERM) - a process - to integrate risk into strategic UW Enterprise Risk Management Framework . . . . . . . . . 6 Illustration of ERM Components

Kaminsky, Werner


University of Washington Digital Library Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries present this collection of a dozen image databases created as part of an ongoing digital library program. There are ten collections of photographs from University of Washington Special Collections that include views of Seattle dated 1891 - 1940, Harriman's expedition to Alaska in 1899, the Klondike gold rush, and a photo album from 1925 promoting Mount Rainier National Park. There are also two image databases created in collaboration with other groups: 26 images of Jacob Lawrence paintings, with the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, and the Cities and Buildings Database, 5,000 architectural images, with the University of Washington Architecture Department. All of the databases use the CONTENT software suite developed by the Center for Information Systems Optimization (CISO) at the University of Washington, and so all have the same search interface regardless of the subject. Information about CONTENT is also available at the site.


77 FR 15179 - Disaster Declaration for Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Only for the State of Washington (FEMA- 4056-DR), dated 03/05/2012. Incident: Severe Winter Storm, Flooding, Landslides, and Mudslides. Incident Period: 01/14/2012 through 01/23/2012. Effective Date: 03/05/2012. Physical...



Geologic datasets for weights of evidence analysis in Northeast Washington: 4. mineral industry activity in Washington, 1985-1997  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report includes a table of 339 sites representing mineral activities for mining and mineral exploration in the State of Washington from 1985 through 1997. The table was primarily compiled from annual reports in Washington Geologic Newsletter and Washington Geology. The information was compiled for use in a weights-of-evidence analysis of mineral resources in northeastern Washington.

Boleneus, D.E.; Derkey, R.E.



ASTER Washington, D.C.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The White House, the Jefferson Memorial, and the Washington Monument with its shadow are all visible in this image of Washington, D.C. With its 15-meter spatial resolution, ASTER can see individual buildings. Taken on June 1, 2000, this image covers an area 14 kilometers (8.5 miles) wide and 13.7 kilometers (8.2 miles) long in three bands of the reflected visible and infrared wavelength region. The combination of visible and near infrared bands displays vegetation in red and water in dark grays. The Potomac River flows from the middle left to the bottom center. The large red area west of the river is Arlington National Cemetery.

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. science team leader; Moshe Pniel of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high-resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The primary goal of the ASTER mission is to obtain high-resolution image data in 14 channels over the entire land surface, as well as black and white stereo images. With revisit time of between 4 and 16 days, ASTER will provide the capability for repeat coverage of changing areas on Earth's surface.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Examples of applications include monitoring glacial advances and retreats, potentially active volcanoes, thermal pollution, and coral reef degradation; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; evaluating wetlands; mapping surface temperature of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.



Toxicity of cycads  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a review of the literature on the use of cycads as food and medicine, with special attention to their toxic properties.\\u000a In the tropics and subtropics, where the plants are indigenous, their toxicity has long been known. Both gastrointestinal\\u000a and neurological effects have been reported. Although several toxic components of the plants have been investigated, none\\u000a has yet

Marjorie Grant Whiting




E-print Network,, Peter Rhines Subject: GFD1- PS4.1 and PS4.2 I have added some new notes regarding the bullet `could this flow have been started from rest?' in PS4.1 and at the end regarding the density field in problem PS4.2. pbr 17 ii 2004 3.30 pm PS4.1 This afternoon I have


Oral Health Coalition: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice Behaviours among Gynaecologists and Dental Practitioners  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Every expectant mother should receive a comprehensive oral health education & risk assessment. Numerous reports have shown association between oral diseases and preterm, low birth weight and gestational diabetes. The purpose of this study is to understand the attitude, knowledge regarding prenatal and perinatal oral health care among obstetricians and knowledge, attitude & practice skills of dental professionals. Materials and Methods: The study involved a survey of 36 each gynaecologists and general dental practitioners. The pre tested questionnaire on oral health for expectant mothers was used to collect data related. The data collected was subjected to statistical analysis using frequency of responses and standard deviation. Results: Analysis of data demonstrated that 98% of general dental practitioners felt that delay in dental treatment effect both the mother and the child. 85.7% (p>0.05) of gynaecologist never examined the oral cavity of the patient during routine checkup. Conclusion: The findings of this survey with dentists and gynaecologist showed that dental management during pregnancy still presents some deviations from scientific literature recommendations, indicating the need to update these health care professionals in order to establish guidelines for prenatal dental care. How to cite this article: Patil S, Thakur R, Madhu K, Paul S T, Gadicherla P. Oral Health Coalition: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice Behaviours among Gynaecologists and Dental Practitioners. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(1):8-15. PMID:24155572

Patil, Sandya; Thakur, Rachna; K, Madhu; Paul, Santhosh T; Gadicherla, Prahlad



The social construction of occupational health and safety: barriers to environmental-labor health coalitions.  


Occupational and environmental health advocates promote the potential of alliances between workers and community members to address shared health problems resulting from industrial processes. Advocates recognize the need to overcome job blackmail, which has successfully pitted these groups against one another by threatening job loss in the face of calls for improved standards. This strategic form of issue management represents a dualism between good health and clean environments on one hand and jobs and tax bases on the other. The author argues that overcoming job blackmail requires attention not only to this dualism, but to the broader social construction of occupational and environmental health. The article describes a series of oppositional constructions, in both strategic organizational rhetoric and everyday cultural discourse, which reinforces job blackmail and impedes the development of solidarity among workers, neighbors, and environmental advocates. These dualisms polarize our views of work and environment, science, and social identity, thereby producing barriers to coalition formation. Understanding these reifications helps to build an activist agenda and identify potential resources for organizing to overcome these barriers. PMID:19778829

Zoller, Heather M



Hazardous and toxic materials  

SciTech Connect

Among the topics covered are: the Toxic Substances Control Act, SARA and Superfund, fires and explosions in standard and nuclear facilities, personal protective equipment and respiratory equipment, long-term toxicity, medical care and surveillance for hazardous waste workers, aqueous foams, remediation of contaminated sites, and much more. This edition also includes scenarios of mock trials designed to help train lawyers in this specialty.

Fawcett, H.



REBECCA C. HARRIS Washington and Lee University Associate Professor of Politics 204 W. Washington Street  

E-print Network

REBECCA C. HARRIS Washington and Lee University Associate Professor of Politics 204 W. Washington, Judicial Politics, Public Policy, Biopolicy Publications Rebecca C. Harris. 2013. "Understanding Policy & Social Science. Vol 4 No. 6:196-207. Rebecca C. Harris. 2012. "Gatekeeping" in Leadership in Science

Marsh, David


Dubois and Washington -- Opposite or Similar: An Evaluation of the Philosophies of Washington and Dubois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although comparative analysis of the philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois reveals significant differences in preferred solutions to problems of blacks in the United States, the philosophies of the two men are not as diametrically opposed as scholars have generally maintained. Washington's philosophy was one of conciliation…

Reedom, John Anthony


Early Adopter PDC AtEarly Adopter PDC At Washington and LeeWashington and Lee  

E-print Network

Early Adopter ­ PDC AtEarly Adopter ­ PDC At Washington and LeeWashington and Lee Four-year Liberal with and manipulation of collections of stuff.manipulation of collections of stuff. · PDC applications: sorting, recursive treePDC applications: sorting, recursive tree structures, image processing,...structures, image

Stough, Joshua


BOSTON UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON PROGRAMS 1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036  

E-print Network

­ journalism, marketing, advertising, etc. ­ in and around Washington, D.C. · Professional the Washington, D.C. market. · The historical evolution of public relations throughout the nation.C. · Practical guidelines for utilizing written, spoken and visual techniques to reach selected target audiences

Hutyra, Lucy R.


Mechanisms of Phosphine Toxicity  

PubMed Central

Fumigation with phosphine gas is by far the most widely used treatment for the protection of stored grain against insect pests. The development of high-level resistance in insects now threatens its continued use. As there is no suitable chemical to replace phosphine, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of phosphine toxicity to increase the effectiveness of resistance management. Because phosphine is such a simple molecule (PH3), the chemistry of phosphorus is central to its toxicity. The elements above and below phosphorus in the periodic table are nitrogen (N) and arsenic (As), which also produce toxic hydrides, namely, NH3 and AsH3. The three hydrides cause related symptoms and similar changes to cellular and organismal physiology, including disruption of the sympathetic nervous system, suppressed energy metabolism and toxic changes to the redox state of the cell. We propose that these three effects are interdependent contributors to phosphine toxicity. PMID:21776261

Nath, Nisa S.; Bhattacharya, Ishita; Tuck, Andrew G.; Schlipalius, David I.; Ebert, Paul R.



Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Outmigrant Juvenile Chinook Salmon from the Lower Columbia River and Estuary and Puget Sound, Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have examined the presence, distribution, and concentrations of toxic contaminants in two major waterways\\u000a in the Pacific Northwest: the lower Columbia River and Estuary (LCR&E) and Puget Sound, Washington. However, those studies\\u000a have not reported on the levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorynchus tshawytscha). Populations of Chinook salmon from the LCR&E and Puget

Catherine A. Sloan; Bernadita F. Anulacion; Jennie L. Bolton; Daryle Boyd; O. Paul Olson; Sean Y. Sol; Gina M. Ylitalo; Lyndal L. Johnson



Assessing Nanoparticle Toxicity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanoparticle toxicology, an emergent field, works toward establishing the hazard of nanoparticles, and therefore their potential risk, in light of the increased use and likelihood of exposure. Analytical chemists can provide an essential tool kit for the advancement of this field by exploiting expertise in sample complexity and preparation as well as method and technology development. Herein, we discuss experimental considerations for performing in vitro nanoparticle toxicity studies, with a focus on nanoparticle characterization, relevant model cell systems, and toxicity assay choices. Additionally, we present three case studies (of silver, titanium dioxide, and carbon nanotube toxicity) to highlight the important toxicological considerations of these commonly used nanoparticles.

Love, Sara A.; Maurer-Jones, Melissa A.; Thompson, John W.; Lin, Yu-Shen; Haynes, Christy L.



Evaluation of the test of significant toxicity for determining the toxicity of effluents and ambient water samples.  


The test of significant toxicity (TST) is a hypothesis-testing approach based on bioequivalence developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) for analyzing whole-effluent toxicity (WET) and ambient toxicity data. The present study compares results of acute and chronic toxicity tests of effluent, storm-water, and ambient (i.e., receiving-water) samples using both the TST and the standard no-observed-effect concentration (NOEC) approach. Valid WET data were analyzed from 890 tests provided by more than 25 dischargers in California and Washington, USA, representing the majority of test methods used in the U.S. WET program. An additional 3,201 freshwater chronic toxicity tests, obtained from ambient monitoring programs in California, were also analyzed. The TST and NOEC approaches both declared a low number (<6.5%) of tests toxic if effects were below the unacceptable toxicity regulatory management decision (RMD) of 25% effect in chronic tests or 20% effect in acute tests. However, those test methods having generally lower within-test variability and greater test power (e.g., urchin fertilization test) had a much lower percentage of tests declared toxic than the NOEC approach when effects were below the unacceptable toxicity RMD. In addition, the TST showed fewer tests to be nontoxic than NOEC if the test exhibited effects greater than the toxicity RMD (0.1 and 9.6% for TST and NOEC, respectively, for effluents and 0 and 9.5%, respectively, for ambient samples). Our results demonstrate that the TST is more likely to identify a toxic sample when effects are fairly substantial (? 25% effect in chronic testing and ? 20% effect in acute tests) and less likely to identify a sample as toxic when effects are negligible (? 10% effect). Furthermore, these results demonstrate that appropriate WET data interpretation benefits from having well-designed test methods with sufficient power to identify significant toxicity or biologically insignificant effects when they occur. PMID:23400869

Diamond, Jerry M; Denton, Debra L; Roberts, John W; Zheng, Lei



Digital Encyclopedia: George Washington's Mount Vernon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was George Washington's life like at Mount Vernon? This frequent question is answered in fine form by this Digital Encyclopedia, compiled by a variety of scholars in collaboration with the Mount Vernon Estate. It is particularly appropriate that there is such a copious compendium of facts on the goings-on at Mt. Vernon, as Washington was enamored of encyclopedias during his life. Drawing on a range of primary sources, this project brings together hundreds of entries divided into over a dozen topics, including Military, Slavery, Food and Drink, and Animals. The Personal area is quite compelling, as it includes entries on Barbados, smallpox and, of course, the celebrated myths surrounding Washington's false teeth.


Context-rich semantic framework for effective data-to-decisions in coalition networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a coalition context, data fusion involves combining of soft (e.g., field reports, intelligence reports) and hard (e.g., acoustic, imagery) sensory data such that the resulting output is better than what it would have been if the data are taken individually. However, due to the lack of explicit semantics attached with such data, it is difficult to automatically disseminate and put the right contextual data in the hands of the decision makers. In order to understand the data, explicit meaning needs to be added by means of categorizing and/or classifying the data in relationship to each other from base reference sources. In this paper, we present a semantic framework that provides automated mechanisms to expose real-time raw data effectively by presenting appropriate information needed for a given situation so that an informed decision could be made effectively. The system utilizes controlled natural language capabilities provided by the ITA (International Technology Alliance) Controlled English (CE) toolkit to provide a human-friendly semantic representation of messages so that the messages can be directly processed in human/machine hybrid environments. The Real-time Semantic Enrichment (RTSE) service adds relevant contextual information to raw data streams from domain knowledge bases using declarative rules. The rules define how the added semantics and context information are derived and stored in a semantic knowledge base. The software framework exposes contextual information from a variety of hard and soft data sources in a fast, reliable manner so that an informed decision can be made using semantic queries in intelligent software systems.

Grueneberg, Keith; de Mel, Geeth; Braines, Dave; Wang, Xiping; Calo, Seraphin; Pham, Tien



Geophysical constraints on Washington convergent margin structure  

SciTech Connect

Gravity and magnetic maps of western Washington reveal the lateral structure and fabric of the Washington Coast Range, Puget Basin, and southern Washington Cascade Range. The magnetic and gravity maps show large amplitude positive anomalies associated with the shallow but largely buried section of Washington Coast Range mafic rocks which are separated by negative anomalies over deep sedimentary basins. The positive anomalies indicate that the Coast Range mafic basement extends farther east than previously thought, at least as far east as the longitude of Seattle. Linear and steep gravity and magnetic gradients indicate many unmapped, often buried faults in the Washington Coast Range Province. Magnetic highs are also associated with mapped batholiths in the Cascade arc. Two-dimensional gravity and magnetic modeling constrained with geological and other geophysical data indicate that the Coast Range Province rocks are about 1 km thick at the coast, thickening to as much as 30 km near their postulated eastern edge. A maximum boundary on the average density of the upper 15-20 km of the rocks that compose the Coast Range Province of 2,920 kg/m{sup 3} was established by the modeling, suggesting a composition largely of basalt and gabbro with little interbedded sediments. The author's Washington model requires that the proposed subduction complex be more dense than the trench sediments and, therefore, that material denser than sediments be incorporated within it. The absence of continental mantle and the modeled wedge shape of the Coast Range Province upper crust suggest that erosion of the bottom of the overriding plate by subduction processes may have occurred.

Finn, C. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA))



78 FR 44595 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington...



78 FR 59955 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle...SUMMARY: The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington...




EPA Science Inventory

Identification and verification of anatomical, endocrine, cellular and molecular biomarkers is crucial for successful clinical diagnosis and treatment of toxicity and disease, as well as basic toxicological, epidemiological and other research. Various in situ biomarkers of repro...



EPA Science Inventory

Contemporary developmental toxicity testing focuses on the evaluation of a variety of adverse developmental effects which include structural malformations, intrauterine death, growth retardation, and deficits in postnatal function. n the extrapolation of information from animal s...


Acute Toxicity Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This searchable database (by species or chemical) from the US Geological Survey was initially developed in 1986 using some 4,900 acute toxicity tests (since 1969) with 410 chemicals and 66 species of aquatic animals. Two databases may be viewed online (or downloaded): the ID Database (CSV format), including Chemical ID, Chemical Name, Units of Measure, Use of Chemical, and CAS number, and Acute Toxicity Test Results Database, a CSV file with acute toxicity data by Chemical ID. Also available onsite is the "Manual of Acute Toxicity: Interpretation and DataBase for 410 Chemicals and 66 Species of Freshwater Animals." The manual describes the database structure and contents, data quality, and metadata reference information.


Aspects of aluminum toxicity  

SciTech Connect

Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the earth's crust. The widespread occurrence of aluminum, both in the environment and in foodstuffs, makes it virtually impossible for man to avoid exposure to this metal ion. Attention was first drawn to the potential role of aluminum as a toxic metal over 50 years ago, but was dismissed as a toxic agent as recently as 15 years ago. The accumulation of aluminum, in some patients with chronic renal failure, is associated with the development of toxic phenomena; dialysis encephalopathy, osteomalacic dialysis osteodystrophy, and an anemia. Aluminum accumulation also occurs in patients who are not on dialysis, predominantly infants and children with immature or impaired renal function. Aluminum has also been implicated as a toxic agent in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease, Guamiam amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and parkinsonism-dementia. 119 references.

Hewitt, C.D.; Savory, J.; Wills, M.R. (Univ. of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville (USA))



Toxic inhalational exposures.  


Respirable toxicants are a spectrum of irritant and nonirritant gases, vapors, fumes, and airborne particles that can be entrained into the body through the respiratory tract, resulting in exposures that cause pulmonary injury and/or systemic disease. Sources of respirable toxicants include structural fires, industrial accidents, domestic mishaps, and intentional releases of injurious agents on the battleground (warfare) or in civilian settings (acts of terrorism). Acute toxic inhalational exposures may result in respiratory failure, multisystem organ dysfunction, and death. Management of victims includes assessment and protection of the airway, monitoring and treatment of systemic toxicity, and delivery of exposure-specific and nonspecific therapies that improve outcomes. Treatments may include antidotes, hyperbaric oxygen, and other nonspecific life-supporting interventions. PMID:22232204

Chen, Tze-Ming Benson; Malli, Harjoth; Maslove, David M; Wang, Helena; Kuschner, Ware G



Cadmium Toxicity and Treatment  

PubMed Central

Cadmium is a heavy metal of considerable toxicity with destructive impact on most organ systems. It is widely distributed in humans, the chief sources of contamination being cigarette smoke, welding, and contaminated food and beverages. Toxic impacts are discussed and appear to be proportional to body burden of cadmium. Detoxification of cadmium with EDTA and other chelators is possible and has been shown to be therapeutically beneficial in humans and animals when done using established protocols. PMID:23844395

Bernhoft, Robin A.



Toxic & Harmful Algal Blooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching unit investigates differences between toxic and non-toxic harmful algal blooms (HABs), where they occur in U.S. waters, causative phytoplankton species, technologies for detecting blooms, which organisms in the food web are affected and how, effects of specific toxins on humans. Five lessons contain: background and glossary; instructions for classroom and lab activities; online data; web links for further study. Lessons are aligned to teaching standards.



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF COMPANY-BUILT HOUSING ON EAST SIDE OF WASHINGTON AVENUE, VIEWED FROM FRANKLIN AVENUE LOOKING NORTH - Apollo Iron & Steel Works, Company Housing, West of Washington & Lincoln Avenues, Vandergrift, Westmoreland County, PA



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. 'A' INTERLOCKING TOWER AND TURNTABLE BEHIND UNION STATION. WASHINGTON, D. C. Sec. 1201, MP 137.50. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak Route between Union Station & DC/MD State Line, Washington, District of Columbia, DC


75 FR 71139 - Land Acquisitions; Puyallup Tribe of Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Bureau of Indian Affairs Land Acquisitions; Puyallup Tribe of Washington AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs...9-acre tract of land into trust for the Puyallup Tribe of Washington (Tribe) on November 10, 2010. FOR FURTHER...




Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey



Thou hast need of me: the role of Marshal Jean Lannes in the War of the Fourth Coalition, 1806-1807  

E-print Network

"THOU HAST NEED OF ME": THE ROLE OF MARSHAL JEAN LANNES IN THE WAR OF THE FOURTH COALITION, 1806-1807 A Thesis by CHARLTON JOHN MATOVSKY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1988 Major Subject: History "THOU HAST NEED OF ME": THE ROLE OF MARSHAL JEAN LANNES IN THE WAR OF THE FOURTH COALITION, 1806-1807 A Thesis by CHARLTON JOHN MATOVSKY Approved as to style...

Matovsky, Charlton John



No Easy Answers: Persistent Poverty in the Metropolitan Washington Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the extent and nature of poverty in Metropolitan Washington, D.C., how it compares to poverty in other similar metropolitan areas, and what can be done to reduce the numbers of persons suffering from persistent poverty in Washington. According to 1970 and 1980 U.S. Census Bureau data, poverty in the Washington, D.C.,…

Maxwell, Joan Paddock


new in Art And Art history UNIVERSITY of WASHINGTON PRESS  

E-print Network

new in Art And Art history UNIVERSITY of WASHINGTON PRESS #12; ebooks availableUniversity of Washington Press new in art and art history ART HISTORY PUBLICATION INITIATIVE funded.00 hardcover, 9780295991542 ART BY THE BOOK Painting Manuals and the Leisure Life in Late Ming China J. p. park

Manchak, John


1979-1980 Geothermal Resource Assessment Program in Washington  

SciTech Connect

Separate abstracts were prepared for seven papers. Also included are a bibliography of geothermal resource information for the State of Washington, well temperature information and locations in the State of Washington, and a map of the geology of the White Pass-Tumac Mountain Area, Washington. (MHR)

Korosec, M.A.; Schuster, J.E.



Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington. 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Key Facts about Higher Education in Washington" provides vital data to chart higher education's progress and challenges. First published in 2002 by the Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, this annual report highlights "Key Facts" about Washington's postsecondary institutions--including faculty, students,…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2012



Seattle Pacific University Washington Dental Service, a Delta Dental Plan  

E-print Network

Seattle Pacific University Washington Dental Service, a Delta Dental Plan Plan No. 00333 Effective your dental benefits plan, you may call: Washington Dental Service Customer Service (206) 522-2300 (800) 554-1907 Written inquiries may be sent to: Washington Dental Service Customer Service Department P

Nelson, Tim


33 CFR 117.1051 - Lake Washington Ship Canal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lake Washington Ship Canal. 117.1051 Section 117.1051 Navigation and Navigable...Requirements Washington § 117.1051 Lake Washington Ship Canal. (a) When fog prevails by day or by night, the...



33 CFR 117.1051 - Lake Washington Ship Canal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Lake Washington Ship Canal. 117.1051 Section 117.1051 Navigation and Navigable...Requirements Washington § 117.1051 Lake Washington Ship Canal. (a) When fog prevails by day or by night, the...



33 CFR 117.1051 - Lake Washington Ship Canal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lake Washington Ship Canal. 117.1051 Section 117.1051 Navigation and Navigable...Requirements Washington § 117.1051 Lake Washington Ship Canal. (a) When fog prevails by day or by night, the...



33 CFR 117.1051 - Lake Washington Ship Canal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lake Washington Ship Canal. 117.1051 Section 117.1051 Navigation and Navigable...Requirements Washington § 117.1051 Lake Washington Ship Canal. (a) When fog prevails by day or by night, the...



2011 Pest Management Guide for Grapes in Washington  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The 2011 Pest Management Guide for Grapes in Washington presents all the various chemicals and their uses against pest problems common to Washington vineyards. While the recommendations are based on eastern Washington conditions, the information may often be applied to similar pest problems found t...


Washington University in St. Louis Washington, DC 5/16/07  

E-print Network

/16/07 In VivoIn Vivo StudiesStudies Performed on nude mice attached to submerged angled tray bilaterally in a manner similar to that for in vitro experiments Nude Mouse: ti102 spine femur #12;Washington University

Arthur, R. Martin


Endangered Plants in Oregon and Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a partial list of the 132 Oregon and Washington plants which have been proposed for federal protection under the Endangered Species Act. Suggestions for student/citizen involvement in preserving these species and a description of a videotape about rare/endangered species of the Willamette Valley (Oregon) are included. (DH)

Love, Rhoda M.



Impervious Data of the Washington, DC Area.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here we see an image of the Washington,DC area taken with the Landsat satellite. The dates of the images are from 1986, 1990, 1996, 2000. For over 26 years, Landsat images have been used to help urban planners understand where growth is taking place and help geographers evaluate how different urban planning programs effect population growth and land use.

Stuart Snodgrass



Washington Irving and the American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some modern scholars feel that Washington Irving vacillated between romanticism and realism in his literary treatment of the American Indian. However, a study of all his works dealing with Indians, placed in context with his non-Indian works, reveals that his attitude towards Indians was intelligent and enlightened for his time. (CM)

Littlefield, Daniel F., Jr.



Retrieving Sediment Instrumentation, Elwha River, Washington  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS researchers Chris Curran and Raegan Huffman retrieve instrumentation to measure sediment concentration from the Elwha River, Washington. Two large dams on the Elwha River are being incrementally removed from 2011 to 2013 to restore river function in an important salmon-bearing river. The USGS i...


Human Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense Infection in Washington State.  


A patient in Washington State harbored a fish tapeworm most likely acquired from eating raw salmon. Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense was identified by cox1 sequence analysis. Although this is the first documented human D. nihonkaiense infection in the United States, the parasite may have been present earlier but misidentified as Diphyllobothrium latum. PMID:25609724

Fang, Ferric C; Billman, Zachary P; Wallis, Carolyn K; Abbott, April N; Olson, John C; Dhanireddy, Shireesha; Murphy, Sean C



Marine Water And Sediment Monitoring In Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) conducts several statewide monitoring programs including marine water and sediment monitoring. The marine water program, which encompasses Puget Sound and two coastal estuaries, was initiated in 1967. Since then, long-term monthly water quality data have been collected at over fifty-five stations. The goals of the program include characterizing spatial and temporal trends in

Carol Janzen; Pete Striplin



Lucas Patzek Washington State University, Mount Vernon  

E-print Network

- 1 - Lucas Patzek Address: Washington State University, Mount Vernon Department of Crop and Soil) 360-848-6159 (Fax) Education Ph.D. candidate, Crop Science (3.95 Grade Point Average and wheat variety on the phenolic acid (antioxidant) levels in whole wheat flour using HPLC methods. Norman

Patzek, Tadeusz W.


Washington State Annual Rural Manpower Report, 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report contains information on significant developments in the 1971 Washington State Farm Labor and Rural Manpower Program. Part I, the Annual Summary, recommends that state agencies should devote more effort to the Annual Worker Plan and that farm placement personnel should try to advise persons who have job commitments of any delays in the…

Washington State Dept. of Employment Security, Olympia.



E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON DIVING MEDICAL HISTORY Instructions: To be completed by Applicant only with your well-being and safety. Please respect the advice and the intent of this medical history below. Do you smoke? Do you drink alcoholic beverages? Is there a family history of high cholesterol

Wilcock, William


Washington Public Libraries Online: Collaborating in Cyberspace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of public libraries, the Internet, and the World Wide Web focuses on development of a Web site in Washington. Highlights include access to the Internet through online public access catalogs; partnerships between various types of libraries; hardware and software; HTML training; content design; graphics design; marketing; evaluation; and…

Wildin, Nancy



Urban Growth: Washington, District of Columbia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Starting with a view of the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, the D.C. border and the Beltway fade in. The view then pushes in, indicating urban growth with red dots. Data sets for 1973, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1996 are presented chronologically.

Stuart Snodgrass



Famous Americans: George Washington & Abraham Lincoln.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing students in grade 1-3 to George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, this book presents thematic units that present biographical information, and literature links such as poems, songs, stories, cross-curricular activities, and hands-on reproducibles. Chapters in the book are: (1) Getting to Know George; (2) The Father and His Country; (3)…

Fleming, Maria


76 FR 44976 - Washington Disaster # WA-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 a notice of an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of Washington dated 07/19/2011. Incident: White Swan Fire. Incident Period: 02/12/2011 through 02/13/2011. Effective Date: 07/19/2011. Physical Loan...




E-print Network

SSN because it is your unique employee identification number, and will enable the UniversityUNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON PERSONAL DATA FORM Name of Employee (Last, First, M.I.) Student Number (If (e.g. Dr. of Education, Dr. of Science) Employee's Signature Date *The University has requested your

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha


Population Trends for Washington State. 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides tables and figures of current demographic data for the state, counties, cities, and towns of Washington. The report is divided into two main sections: (1) "State, County, City Populations"; and (2) "Selected Estimates and Information". Section 1 presents such data as: population change and net migration for 1950-1993;…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.



E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON MEDICAL EVALUATION OF FITNESS FOR SCUBA DIVING REPORT ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH fitness is requested. Scuba diving requires heavy exertion. The diver must be free of significant cardiovascular and respiratory disease. An absolute requirement is the ability of the lungs, middle ear

Wilcock, William


Famous Americans: George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides background information and ideas for teaching about George Washington and Abraham Lincoln at the primary grade level. Cross-curricular activities include work in music, writing, art, research, plays, and games. A pull-out poster with a poem on "President's Day" is stapled in the center of the book. Chapters in the book are: (1)…

Fleming, Maria



Microsoft Academic Search

The Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus) has expanded its range west over the past 50 years at least. It has occurred annually in Washington since the 1970s, and its subsequent numbers there have increased steadily. Records extend from late April to late September, with spring migration likely peaking during late May and early June and fall migration peaking during early September.



Employee Benefits Washington and Lee University  

E-print Network

, resolve insurance claims, arrange wellness services and more. Available to employees, their spouseEmployee Benefits Summary Full-Time Faculty Washington and Lee University Lexington, VA Revised. Supplemental Life Insurance through MetLife Optional employee paid term life insurance benefit based on age

Marsh, David



E-print Network

STRUCTURAL ALIGNMENT USING STOCHASTIC CONTEXT-FREE GRAMMARS by Robin D. Dowell B.S., B.S., M.S. Prepared under the direction of Sean R. Eddy A dissertation presented to the Sever Institute of Washington ADVISOR: Sean R. Eddy December, 2004 Saint Louis, Missouri Noncoding RNAs are any transcript

Eddy, Sean


Washington: The State and Its Educational System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile of Washington is presented, which examines trends in the state's economy, environment, population, and educational system. A contradiction exists between the state's beautiful scenery and well-educated population and its high crime and suicide rates. The state is characterized by a highly educated work force, a less diversified economy,…

Hodgkinson, Harold L.


Indians of Washington State. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit supplements social studies curriculum in Washington state schools and is offered to help teachers design courses on Indians of the Pacific Northwest. The unit is designed to build understanding and appreciation for historical and contemporary Indian culture, and to examine how people meet their needs using natural resources and…

Milhafer, Judith; And Others


Natural phenomena hazards, Hanford Site, Washington  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the natural phenomena hazard loads for use in implementing DOE Order 5480.28, Natural Phenomena Hazards Mitigation, and supports development of double-shell tank systems specifications at the Hanford Site in south-central Washington State. The natural phenomena covered are seismic, flood, wind, volcanic ash, lightning, snow, temperature, solar radiation, suspended sediment, and relative humidity.

Conrads, T.J.



Recidivism of Supermax Prisoners in Washington State  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of recidivism among Washington supermax prisoners used a retrospective matched control design, matching supermax prisoners one-to-one with nonsupermax prisoners on mental illness status and up to eight recidivism predictors. Supermax prisoners committed new felonies at a higher rate than nonsupermax controls, but the difference was not statistically significant. Prisoners released directly from supermax to the community, however, showed

David Lovell; L. Clark Johnson; Kevin C. Cain




E-print Network




ERIC Educational Resources Information Center





E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON | HUMAN RESOURCES Workplace Violence What Faculty & Supervisors Must Do on Violence in the Workplace, here are the steps you must take: If direct threat to harm persons or property. References to or preoccupation with other incidents of workplace violence. Intimidating, belligerent

Kaminsky, Werner



E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY Subject: Inclement Weather and Suspended Operations are the Inclement Weather and Suspended Operations Policies in effect? The School of Dentistry Inclement Weather. The School of Dentistry Suspended Operations Plan is in effect only when the University suspends operations

Washington at Seattle, University of


Washington State University Physics Lab Syllabus  

E-print Network

Washington State University Physics Lab Syllabus (PHYS 201, 202; updated December 27, 2012) What technical writing. STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES · Read the syllabus. The regulations/guidelines in this syllabus to the Requests for Make-up Labs section of this syllabus about arranging a make-up laboratory. · Make sure

Collins, Gary S.


Washington State University Physics Lab Syllabus  

E-print Network

Washington State University Physics Lab Syllabus (PHYS 201, 202; updated August 1, 2012) What in relatively simple terms. STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES · Read the syllabus. The regulations/guidelines in this syllabus take precedence over any oral commitments that may be made. The Lab Director is responsible

Collins, Gary S.



E-print Network

University of Washington EIP PRESIDENTIAL SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION AND AWARD SCHEDULE Application of Awards Thursday, September 30, 2010 GENERAL INFORMATION The Presidential Scholarship is intended to apply for this award are required to: APPLICATION PROCESS 1. Discuss their interest in the scholarship

Kaminsky, Werner



E-print Network

University of Washington EIP PRESIDENTIAL SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION AND AWARD SCHEDULE Application Wednesday, September 28, 2011 GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION OF THE AWARD The Presidential Scholarship for this award are required to: 1. Discuss their interest in the scholarship with an EIP or McNair staff member

Kaminsky, Werner


8 of 11 DOCUMENTS The Washington Post  

E-print Network

8 of 11 DOCUMENTS The Washington Post October 6, 1991, Sunday, Final Edition A Scientific Method will contribute to the general economic and social welfare of the nation across a wide spectrum -- from atomic.S. scientific enterprise to meet these expectations will depend largely on how well the federal government

Deutch, John


University of Washington Temperature/stratification  

E-print Network

blooms, which sink and their decomposition consumes oxygen. Changes in the strength and patternJan Newton University of Washington NANOOS #12; Temperature/stratification Hypoxia (lack of oxygen #12; Concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the northeast Pacific Ocean are expected to decrease


1988 Population Trends for Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statistical profile provides current demographic data for Washington State and its counties, incorporated cities and towns. Seventeen tables show population by age and sex; population for counties, incorporated cities and towns, and the state; components of population change; a rank order of total persons in incorporated cities and towns;…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.


1987 Population Trends for Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statistical profile provides current demographic data for Washington State and is also broken down by counties, incorporated cities, and towns. Fifteen tables show population figures; components of population change; housing units by structure type; annexations, incorporations and municipal boundary changes; growth of households; estimates of…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.


1984 Population Trends for Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of April 1, 1984, Washington's population was estimated at 4,328,100, an increase of 43,000 over last year's population. This report provides data pertaining to the: official April 1, 1984 population and housing estimates for cities, towns, and counties and components of population change. The following special reports are also presented:…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.


National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington, DC  

E-print Network

Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington, DC NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL Human Exploration and Operations reviewed the reasons for human space exploration. It expands human knowledge and experience, ignites. These missions involve traveling beyond LEO with the Space Launch System (SLS) and the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew

Waliser, Duane E.


Washington State University Physics Lab Syllabus  

E-print Network

Washington State University Physics Lab Syllabus (PHYS 201, 202; updated Aug. 10, 2011) Lab experimental uncertainties and in using them to interpret results. STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES · Read the syllabus. The regulations/guidelines in this syllabus take precedence over any oral commitments that may be made. (The Lab

Collins, Gary S.


Organization and Financing of Washington Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a handbook on school organization and finance in Washington State. It encompasses legislation passed during the 1990 and 1991 legislative sessions and school district fiscal data through the 1990-91 school year. The guide attempts to simplify the complex subject of school finance for use by educators, policy makers, and the…

Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.



E-print Network

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: Phone: toll free (866) 512­1800; DC area (202) 512 Director SAM E. FOWLER, Chief Counsel FRANK MACCHIAROLA, Republican Staff Director JUDITH K. PENSABENE



E-print Network

Assembly Whereas the First Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees the right to peaceable Association of University Professors, the American Association of University Administrators, the United States1 SAN JOSE STATE UNIVERSITY ONE WASHINGTON SQUARE SAN JOSE, CA 95192 SS-F11-2, Sense of the Senate

Gleixner, Stacy


Laptop Circulation at Eastern Washington University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, Eastern Washington University's Libraries began a laptop circulation program with seventeen laptops. Today, there are 150 laptops in the circulation pool, as well as seventeen digital cameras, eleven digital handycams, and thirteen digital projectors. This article explains how the program has grown to its present size, the growing pains…

Munson, Doris; Malia, Elizabeth



Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission Implements GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC) recently completed a cooperative pilot project with Montgomery and Prince George's counties, Md., in which a complete 59-layer geographic information system (GIS) data base was developed for a portion of its service area. During the pilot project described in this article, planimetric and parcel data were developed, and water and sewer facility maps were

James R. Cannistra; Richard Leadbeater; Ray Humphries



Connect the Book. George Washington's Teeth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

February celebrates both National Children's Dental Health Month and President's Day (February 21), so this month's "Connect the Book" column features a book with connections to both events. George Washington, the first President of the United States (1789-1797) and known as the "Father of Our Country," had a serious dental health problem that…

Brodie, Carolyn S.



Profile of Small Farms in Washington State  

E-print Network

, and direct market farms. Introduction Small farms comprise 91% of all farms in the United States and account availability, type of crop, and the farming strategies employed. Figure 1. Percent of Washington State farms- etables, and flowers to meats, dairy products, grains, and seed crops. The number of small farms in Wash

Collins, Gary S.


WWU Sustainability Academy Western Washington University  

E-print Network

WWU Sustainability Academy Western Washington University Dear colleagues, We cordially extend to you this invitation to join the WWU Sustainability Academy! Following several years of discussion, a group of faculty has started the (tentatively named) "WWU Sustainability Academy." Our goal is to build

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.


2 of 11 DOCUMENTS The Washington Post  

E-print Network

2 of 11 DOCUMENTS The Washington Post October 13, 1997, Monday, Final Edition Coming to Terms-efficient and emission-avoiding technologies in developing countries. These credits would permit developing countries, the Soviet Union and other Eastern European countries since the end of the Cold War, adoption of a 1990

Deutch, John


Doctors of Osteopathy Licensed in Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on information gathered by the Health Manpower Project through a survey cosponsored with the Washington Osteopathic Medical Association, this report begins with a statement of philosophy of osteopathic medicine and proceeds to comment on where such professional education is available. Remarks on the type of educational background of the…

Senters, Jo


Haptic Paddle: Getting Started University of Washington  

E-print Network

1 Haptic Paddle: Getting Started University of Washington Department of Electrical Engineering Bio;6 Your computer will search for a few seconds (be patient), and should then give you the following prompt on to the software section. So what did we just do? Since the Cypress chip has no onboard EEPROM, and the PCB doesn


Exchange Between Washington and Lee University  

E-print Network

at the host institution, save intercollegiate athletics. h. The student will pay all the fees of the host a student to take a program that duplicates programs offered at Washington and Lee: a. The exchange. It will be limited to five students in any given semester, but will not be an exchange on a one-for-one basis. c

Marsh, David


University of Washington Company Website Company Type  

E-print Network

University of Washington Company Website Company Type Army Corps of Engineers Public Works Cary Kopczynski & Company Structural Engineering Consulting CDM cdm:// Non-profit Harder Mechanical Contractors Mechanical Contractor Harriott Smith


Adding to the HIV Prevention Portfolio – the Achievement of Structural Changes by 13 Connect to Protect® Coalitions  

PubMed Central

Opportunities to control risk factors that contribute to HIV transmission and acquisition extend far beyond individuals and include addressing social and structural determinants of HIV risk, such as inadequate housing, poor access to healthcare and economic insecurity. The infrastructure within communities, including the policies and practices that guide institutions and organizations, should be considered crucial targets for change. This paper examines the extent to which 13 community coalitions across the U.S. and Puerto Rico were able to achieve “structural change” objectives (i.e., new or modified practices or policies) as an intermediate step toward the long-term goal of reducing HIV risk among adolescents and young adults (12-24 years old). The study resulted in the completion of 245 objectives with 70% categorized as structural in nature. Coalitions targeted social services, education and government as primary community sectors to adopt structural changes. A median of 12 key actors and six new key actors contributed to accomplishing structural changes. Structural change objectives required a median of seven months to complete. The structural changes achieved offer new ideas for community health educators and practitioners seeking to bolster their HIV prevention agenda. PMID:25632407

Chutuape, Kate S.; Muyeed, Adaline Z.; Willard, Nancy; Greenberg, Lauren; Ellen, Jonathan M.



The evolutionary significance of Red Sox nation: sport fandom as a by-product of coalitional psychology.  


Sport fandom has received considerable attention from social scientists, yet few have considered it from an evolutionary perspective. To redress this gap, we develop the hypothesis that team sports exhibit characteristics that activate mechanisms which evolved to facilitate the development of coalitions in the context of small-scale warfare. Based on this by-product hypothesis, we predicted a correlation between fandom and binding (i.e. group-relevant) concerns, especially loyalty. To test this prediction, we administered the Sport Spectator Identification Scale (SSI) and the Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) to 495 undergraduates. The MFQ measures three binding concerns, including loyalty, and two individualizing ones, harm and fairness. As predicted, fandom correlated significantly with loyalty (r = .27) and, within men, the two other binding concerns, authority (r =.22) and purity (r = .24). By contrast, fandom did not significantly correlate with harm or fairness. In addition, we predicted and found that men reported significantly higher levels of fandom (Cohen's d =.45) and loyalty (d = .27) than did women. In conclusion, this study presents data supporting the coalitional by-product hypothesis of fandom and should spur further research using fandom as a window into our evolved psychology. PMID:22947811

Winegard, Benjamin; Deaner, Robert O



What Renders TAU Toxic  

PubMed Central

TAU is a microtubule-associated protein that under pathological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) forms insoluble, filamentous aggregates. When 20?years after TAU’s discovery the first TAU transgenic mouse models were established, one declared goal that was achieved was the modeling of authentic TAU aggregate formation in the form of neurofibrillary tangles. However, as we review here, it has become increasingly clear that TAU causes damage much before these filamentous aggregates develop. In fact, because TAU is a scaffolding protein, increased levels and an altered subcellular localization (due to an increased insolubility and impaired clearance) result in the interaction of TAU with cellular proteins with which it would otherwise either not interact or do so to a lesser degree, thereby impairing their physiological functions. We specifically discuss the non-axonal localization of TAU, the role phosphorylation has in TAU toxicity and how TAU impairs mitochondrial functions. A major emphasis is on what we have learned from the four available TAU knock-out models in mice, and the knock-out of the TAU/MAP2 homolog PTL-1 in worms. It has been proposed that in human pathological conditions such as AD, a rare toxic TAU species exists which needs to be specifically removed to abrogate TAU’s toxicity and restore neuronal functions. However, what is toxic in one context may not be in another, and simply reducing, but not fully abolishing TAU levels may be sufficient to abrogate TAU toxicity. PMID:23772223

Götz, Jürgen; Xia, Di; Leinenga, Gerhard; Chew, Yee Lian; Nicholas, Hannah R.



Environmental Assessment: Waste Tank Safety Program, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) needs to take action in the near-term, to accelerate resolution of waste tank safety issues at the Hanford Site near the City of Richland, Washington, and reduce the risks associated with operations and management of the waste tanks. The DOE has conducted nuclear waste management operations at the Hanford Site for nearly 50 years. Operations have included storage of high-level nuclear waste in 177 underground storage tanks (UST), both in single-shell tank (SST) and double-shell tank configurations. Many of the tanks, and the equipment needed to operate them, are deteriorated. Sixty-seven SSTs are presumed to have leaked a total approximately 3,800,000 liters (1 million gallons) of radioactive waste to the soil. Safety issues associated with the waste have been identified, and include (1) flammable gas generation and episodic release; (2) ferrocyanide-containing wastes; (3) a floating organic solvent layer in Tank 241-C-103; (4) nuclear criticality; (5) toxic vapors; (6) infrastructure upgrades; and (7) interim stabilization of SSTs. Initial actions have been taken in all of these areas; however, much work remains before a full understanding of the tank waste behavior is achieved. The DOE needs to accelerate the resolution of tank safety concerns to reduce the risk of an unanticipated radioactive or chemical release to the environment, while continuing to manage the wastes safely.

Not Available



Advocacy Coalitions and Punctuated Equilibrium in the Same-Sex Marriage Debate: Learning from Pro-LGBT Policy Changes in Minneapolis and Minnesota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy change to actualize same-sex marriage requires planning and practices that can be most effective to advance marriage equality. This case study examines how building and maintaining strong coalitions aided in attainment and preservation of civil rights and protections for same-sex couples in Minnesota. As a historical policy analysis, it dissects collaborative strategies and events that led to a municipal

Lake Dziengel



The FSU Harris Institute for Infant Mental Health In the late 1990's, a coalition of organizations in Florida cooperated in the development of the  

E-print Network

The FSU Harris Institute for Infant Mental Health In the late 1990's, a coalition of organizations in Florida cooperated in the development of the Florida Strategic Plan for Infant Mental Health (insert link for Infant Mental Health Training. The FSU Center for Prevention & Early Intervention Policy's contributions

McQuade, D. Tyler


Toxic Substances Hydrology Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Initiated in 1982, this United States Geological Survey (USGS) Toxics Program provides objective scientific information on the behavior of toxic substances in the Nation's hydrologic environments. It conducts intensive field investigations of representative cases of subsurface contamination at local releases, and watershed- and regional-scale investigations of contamination affecting aquatic ecosystems from nonpoint and distributed point sources. The website covers contamination of surface water, groundwater, soil, sediment, and the atmosphere, and provides a photo gallery of contamination, which includes excessive nutrients, organic chemicals, metals, and pathogens. Other topics studied and documented include natural attenuation, models and applications, environmental measurements, abandoned mine lands, site remediation, and agricultural chemicals.


Postinfluenza toxic shock syndrome.  


Postinfluenza toxic shock syndrome is a recently described entity that results from a respiratory tract infection with toxin-producing Staphylococcus aureus following an episode of influenza or influenzalike illness. This report describes a 19-year-old man who developed an influenza B respiratory infection complicated by staphylococcal pneumonia and toxic shock syndrome. The patient improved rapidly with specific antibiotic therapy, emphasizing the importance of considering this otherwise highly lethal syndrome in any individual who becomes critically ill after an initial influenzalike illness. PMID:2651040

Prechter, G C; Gerhard, A K



Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant technical background document for toxics best available control technology demonstration  

SciTech Connect

This document provides information on toxic air pollutant emissions to support the Notice of Construction for the proposed Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP) to be built at the the Department of Energy Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. Because approval must be received prior to initiating construction of the facility, state and federal Clean Air Act Notices of construction are being prepared along with necessary support documentation.





EPA Science Inventory

The chapter cites examples of the common methods used to determine the toxicity of chemicals to bacteria. It covers only the most common methods, particularly those that are easy to perform. Numerous literature citations have been included to help illustrate how a method is used ...


Keeping tabs on toxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace amounts of toxic materials in the environment are difficult to monitor accurately. A decade-long National Bureau of Standards (NBS) environmental measurement program has been working to develop sophisticated measuring techniques, such as the tools to measure polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with fossil fuels and considered to be carcinogenic. More than 75 Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) have been disseminated,




Hormesis and toxic torts.  


Policy implementation of hormesis has to date focused on regulatory applications. Toxic-tort litigation may provide an alternative policy venue for real-world applications of hormesis. Businesses and government entities, who are sued by individuals claiming to have been injured by exposure to very low levels of toxic substances may defend those cases by deploying hormesis to argue that such exposures were unlikely to be harmful. The threshold issue in using hormesis in toxic-tort defense is whether such evidence will be admissible under applicable standards for scientific evidence, which will likely turn on whether hormesis is deemed to be ;generally accepted' in the relevant scientific community. Given the relatively novel status of hormesis, its admissibility will likely be a close call, but is likely to be held admissible in favorable circumstances. If admissible, hormesis is likely to receive a fairer and more even-handed consideration than in regulatory decisions, where regulatory agencies are bound by policy-based default assumptions that limit their receptivity to new concepts such as hormesis. The perception of hormesis by juries will likely be the critical factor for determining the utility of hormesis in toxic-tort litigation, and this perception is likely to be affected by the presentation and circumstances in the individual case. PMID:18480129

Marchant, Gary E



Productivity in Toxicity Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal bibliographies were obtained through a survey of the members of the Society of Toxicology. A group of 183 members showed a 16 percent increase in document output during 1968-1969 compared to 1960-1967. During 1960-1969, 221 members published or made available 1873 documents containing original toxicity data. (5 references) (Author)

Montgomery, Ruth Reinke



Toxic Popcorn Design Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore the engineering design process (EDP)—the process engineers use to solve design challenges. Learners work in teams to solve the challenge by designing both a product and process to safely remove “toxic” popcorn and save the city.




Toxics and Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents information about the staggering amount of toxic chemicals in our environment and some of their adverse heath effects, such as endocrine disruption, cancer, and neurodevelopmental effects. The site focuses on persistent organic pollutants, pesticides, heavy metals, hazardous waste, phthalates, and hospital wastes such as dioxin and mercury. The site also features links to current related news and additional chemical health resources.

Physicians for Social Responsibility