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1

The first VOC intercomparison exercise within the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2003 the World Calibration Centre for volatile organic compounds (WCC-VOC) which forms part of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program coordinated the first comprehensive intercomparison exercise among the GAW-VOC community. The intercomparison focused on a synthetic C2–C11 VOC standard mixture in nitrogen (N2) and involved nine different stations\\/laboratories (10 instruments) from seven countries (Brazil, Canada [two labs], Czech Republic,

B. Rappenglück; E. Apel; M. Bauerfeind; J. Bottenheim; P. Brickell; P. ?avolka; J. Cech; L. Gatti; H. Hakola; J. Honzak; R. Junek; D. Martin; C. Noone; Ch. Plass-Dülmer; D. Travers; D. Wang

2006-01-01

2

GAW (Gamma Air Watch): a Wide Field of View Imaging Cherenkov Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

GAW (Gamma Air Watch) is a novel imaging Cherenkov telescope designed primarily for the observation of very high-energy gamma-ray sources. It is equipped with a 3 meter diameter light collector Fresnel lens and with an array of 300 multi-anode Hamamatsu photomultipliers (R7900-03-M64) at the focal plane. A total Field of View (FoV) of 10.5 degrees and an actual pixel size

G. Cusumano; G. Agnetta; B. Biondo; O. Catalano; S. Giarrusso; G. Gugliotta; A. La Barbera; A. Mangano; T. Mineo; F. Russo; B. Sacco

2002-01-01

3

The Wmo Global Atmosphere Watch Programme: Global Framework for Atmospheric Composition Observations and Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme is the only existing long-term international global programme providing an international coordinated framework for observations and analysis of the chemical composition of the atmosphere. GAW is a partnership involving contributors from about 80 countries. It includes a coordinated global network of observing stations along with supporting facilities (Central Facilities) and expert groups (Scientific Advisory Groups, SAGs and Expert Teams, ETs). Currently GAW coordinates activities and data from 27 Global Stations and a substantial number of Regional and Contributing Stations. Station information is available through the GAW Station Information System GAWSIS (http://gaw.empa.ch/gawsis/). There are six key groups of variables which are addressed by the GAW Programme, namely: ozone, reactive gases, greenhouse gases, aerosols, UV radiation and precipitation chemistry. GAW works to implement integrated observations unifying measurements from different platforms (ground based in situ and remote, balloons, aircraft and satellite) supported by modeling activities. GAW provides data for ozone assessments, Greenhouse Gas Bulletins, Ozone Bulletins and precipitation chemistry assessments published on a regular basis and for early warnings of changes in the chemical composition and related physical characteristics of the atmosphere. To ensure that observations can be used for global assessments, the GAW Programme has developed a Quality Assurance system. Five types of Central Facilities dedicated to the six groups of measurement variables are operated by WMO Members and form the basis of quality assurance and data archiving for the GAW global monitoring network. They include Central Calibration Laboratories (CCLs) that host primary standards (PS), Quality Assurance/Science Activity Centres (QA/SACs), World Calibration Centers (WCCs), Regional Calibration Centers (RCCs), and World Data Centers (WDCs) with responsibility for archiving and access to GAW data. Education, training, workshops, comparison campaigns, station audits/visits and twinning are also provided to build capacities in atmospheric sciences in Member countries.

Tarasova, O. A.; Jalkanen, L.

2010-12-01

4

The first VOC intercomparison exercise within the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2003 the World Calibration Centre for volatile organic compounds (WCC-VOC) which forms part of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program coordinated the first comprehensive intercomparison exercise among the GAW-VOC community. The intercomparison focused on a synthetic C 2-C 11 VOC standard mixture in nitrogen (N 2) and involved nine different stations/laboratories (10 instruments) from seven countries (Brazil, Canada [two labs], Czech Republic, Finland, Germany [two labs; three instruments], Ireland, and Slovakia), representing four measurement programs (GAW, EMEP, CAPMoN, LBA). These sites either run canister or online measurements. WCC-VOC provided each participant of the intercomparison exercise with standard gas canisters which contained 73 VOCs prepared and certified by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder. The participating laboratories were expected to identify and quantify as many compounds of the WCC-VOC standard canister as possible based on their routine identification and calibration methods. The primary objective of this first intercomparison was to examine the current performance status of the analytical facilities of each laboratory and to check whether the results meet the Data Quality Objectives (DQO) developed by WCC-VOC. An additional objective was to establish a ranking of properly determined compounds among all laboratories in order to identify compounds which could be most accurately determined by all laboratories. Due to the variety of sampling and analytical methods among the participants both the number of identified species (16-150 VOCs) and their proper quantification differed largely. Focusing on a subset of 28 VOCs recognized as primary GAW target compounds the results show that the DQOs for repeatability are met in most cases. However for the deviation from the WCC-VOC reference values the picture is different. For some VOCs the concentrations differed significantly among the different laboratories. In terms of both uncertainty and repeatability a significant number of atmospherically relevant VOCs (e.g. propane, propylene, isoprene, and benzene) are properly determined by most labs. However, difficulties occur with other important VOCs (e.g. acetylene, i-pentane, toluene). From this subset of VOC results it appears imperative to strengthen harmonization procedures particular with regard to real air samplings. These processes have been initiated and include more frequent intercomparisons also covering ambient air samples, individual performance audits, and a future networkwide calibration standard.

Rappenglück, B.; Apel, E.; Bauerfeind, M.; Bottenheim, J.; Brickell, P.; ?avolka, P.; Cech, J.; Gatti, L.; Hakola, H.; Honzak, J.; Junek, R.; Martin, D.; Noone, C.; Plass-Dülmer, Ch.; Travers, D.; Wang, D.

5

World Calibration Center for VOC (WCC-VOC), a new Facility for the WMO-GAW-Programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volatile organic compounds (VOC) are recognized to be important precursors of tropospheric ozone as well as other oxidants and organic aerosols. In order to design effective control measures for the reduction of photooxidants, photochemical processes have to be understood and the sources of the precursors known. Reliable and representative measurements of VOCs are necessary to describe the anthropogenic and biogenic sources, to follow the photochemical degradation of VOCs in the troposphere. Measurement of VOCs is of key importance for the understanding of tropospheric chemistry. Tropospheric VOCs have been one of the recommended measurements to be made within the GAW programme. The purpose will be to monitor their atmospheric abundance, to characterize the various compounds with regard to anthropogenic and biogenic sources and to evaluate their role in the tropospheric ozone formation process. An international WMO/GAW panel of experts for VOC measurements developed the rational and objectives for this GAW activity and recommended the configuration and required activities of the WCC-VOC. In reflection of the complexity of VOC measurements and the current status of measurement technology, a "staged" approach was adopted. Stage 1 measurements: C2-C9 hydrocarbons, including alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, dienes and monocyclics. (The WCC-VOC operates currently under this mode). Stage 2 measurements: C10-C14 hydrocarbons, including higher homologs of the Stage 1 set as well as biogenic hydrocarbon compounds. Stage 3 measurements: Oxygenated VOCs, including alcohols, carbonyls, carboxylic acids. The Quality Assurance/Science Activity Centre (QA/SAC) Germany currently has established the World Calibration Centre for VOC (WCC-VOC). The WCC-VOC has operated in the research mode und has become operational recently. From now on, the WCC-VOC conducts one round-robin calibration audit per year at all global stations that measure VOCs and assists other stations in setting up VOC measurement capabilities. Furthermore, the WCC-VOC will promote inter-com-parison experiments with networks related to other programmes, notably EMEP and IGAC.

Rappenglueck, B.-

2002-12-01

6

Foreign-Grammar Acquisition while Watching Subtitled Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Past research has shown that watching a subtitled foreign movie (i.e. foreign language in the soundtrack and native language in the subtitles) leads to considerable foreign-language vocabulary acquisition; however, acquisition of the grammatical rules has failed to emerge. Aims: The aim of this study was to obtain evidence for the…

Van Lommel, Sven; Laenen, Annouschka; d'Ydewalle, Gery

2006-01-01

7

WATCH IT: a community based programme for obese children and adolescents  

PubMed Central

Background The WATCH IT programme was developed to address the needs of obese children from disadvantaged communities in Leeds and has been running since January 2004. Results of the pilot phase, prior to a randomised controlled trial, are presented. Methods A process evaluation to assess success of implementation was conducted in December 2004. User views (parent and child) were obtained by semi?structured interviews and focus groups. Change in BMI?SD score was calculated for children attending between January 2004 and November 2005. Results A total of 94 children (49 girls, 45 boys), mean age (SD) 12.2 (2.0) years attended. They were moderately to severely obese (mean BMI?SDS 3.09 (0.45), with low quality of life and self?image scores. There was a significant reduction in overweight at 6 months (?BMI?SD ?0.07), especially for teenagers (?BMI?SD ?0.13) and girls (?BMI?SD ?0.07). The programme was successfully implemented. By December 2004 mean attendance was 2.1 (0.7) clinics per month, and sports sessions 3.3 (1.7) sessions per month. Fourteen children dropped out and non?attendance was low (only 7.5% sessions missed in 12?months). Qualitative research indicated significant appreciation of the service, with reported increase in self?confidence and friendships, and reduction in self?harm. Conclusion WATCH IT offers a model for a community based service for obese children. The programme suggests that effective care can be delivered by health trainers supervised by health professionals, and so potentially provides a cost effective programme within children's communities. These findings are encouraging, and need to be substantiated by extension to other locations and evaluation by randomised controlled trial.

Rudolf, M; Christie, D; McElhone, S; Sahota, P; Dixey, R; Walker, J; Wellings, C

2006-01-01

8

Trace organic contamination in the Americas: An overview of the US National Status & Trends and the International ‘Mussel Watchprogrammes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Status & Trends (NS&T, 1986–1993) and the International Mussel Watch (IMW, 1991–1992) programmes provide a good coverage of a broad range of environmental conditions along the North, Central and South American coasts. Total concentrations of DDTs, chlordane-related compounds, PCBs and PAHs present fairly homogeneous distributions along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast, with very few sites showing extremely

J. L. Sericano; T. L. Wade; T. J. Jackson; J. M. Brooks; B. W. Tripp; J. W. Farrington; L. D. Mee; J. W. Readmann; J.-P. Villeneuve; E. D. Goldberg

1995-01-01

9

Results of a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) for WATCH IT: a programme for obese children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background In the evaluation of childhood obesity interventions, few researchers undertake a rigorous feasibility stage in which the design and procedures of the evaluation process are examined. Consequently, phase III studies often demonstrate methodological weaknesses.Purpose Our aim was to conduct a feasibility trial of the evaluation of WATCH IT, a community obesity intervention for children and adolescents. We sought to

Maria Bryant; Amanda Farrin; Deborah Christie; Susan A Jebb; Ashley R Cooper; Mary Rudolf

2011-01-01

10

(137)Cs baseline levels in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: a cross-basin survey of the CIESM Mediterranean Mussel Watch programme.  

PubMed

The common mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis was selected as unique biomonitor species to implement a regional monitoring programme, the CIESM Mediterranean Mussel Watch (MMW), in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. As of today, and upon standardization of the methodological approach, the MMW Network has been able to quantify (137)Cs levels in mussels from 60 coastal stations and to produce the first distribution map of this artificial radionuclide at the scale of the entire Mediterranean and Black Seas. While measured (137)Cs levels were found to be very low (usually < 1 Bq kg(-1) wet wt) (137)Cs activity concentrations in the Black Sea and North Aegean Sea were up to two orders of magnitude higher than those in the western Mediterranean Basin. Such effects, far from representing a threat to human populations or the environment, reflect a persistent signature of the Chernobyl fallout in this area. PMID:18314143

Thébault, Hervé; Rodriguez Y Baena, Alessia M; Andral, Bruno; Barisic, Delko; Albaladejo, José Benedicto; Bologa, Alexandru S; Boudjenoun, Redouane; Delfanti, Roberta; Egorov, Victor N; El Khoukhi, Tahar; Florou, Heleni; Kniewald, Goran; Noureddine, Abdelkader; Patrascu, Vasile; Pham, Mai Khanh; Scarpato, Alfonso; Stokozov, Nikolay A; Topcuoglu, Sayhan; Warnau, Michel

2008-03-07

11

Representativeness and climatology of carbon monoxide and ozone at the global GAW station Mt. Kenya in equatorial Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tropics strongly influence the global atmospheric chemistry budget. However, continuous in-situ observations of trace gases are rare especially in equatorial Africa. The WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) programme aimed to close this gap with the installation of the Mt. Kenya (MKN) baseline station. Here, the first continuous measurements of carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O3) at this site covering the period June 2002 to June 2006 are presented. The representativeness of the site was investigated by means of statistical data analysis, air mass trajectory clustering, interpretation of biomass burning variability and evaluation of O3-CO relationships. Because of its location in eastern equatorial Africa, the site was rarely directly influenced by biomass burning emissions, making it suitable for background observations. Located at 3678 m above sea level the night-time (21:00 04:00 UTC) measurements of CO and O3 were in general representative of the free troposphere, while day-time measurements were influenced by atmospheric boundary layer air. Increased night-time concentrations were observed in 25% of all nights and associated with residual layers of increased CO and water vapour in the free troposphere. Six representative flow regimes towards Mt. Kenya were determined: eastern Africa (21% of the time), Arabian Peninsula and Pakistan (16%), northern Africa free tropospheric (6%), northern Indian Ocean and India (17%), south-eastern Africa (18%) and southern India Ocean (21%) flow regimes. The seasonal alternation of these flow regimes was determined by the monsoon circulation and caused a distinct semi-annual cycle of CO with maxima during February (primary) and August (secondary, annually variable) and with minima in April (primary) and November (secondary, annually variable). O3 showed a weaker annual cycle with a minimum in November and a broad summer maximum. Inter-annual variations were explained with differences in southern African biomass burning and transport towards MKN. Although biomass burning had little direct influence on the measurements at MKN it introduces inter-annual variability in the background concentrations of the southern hemisphere that subsequently reaches Kenya. The measurements at MKN were representative of air masses with little photochemical activity as indicated by weak O3-CO correlations, underlining the baseline character of the site. Inter-comparison of O3 at MKN with sounding data from Nairobi revealed a positive offset of the sounding data, most likely due to additional photochemical production of O3 in the Nairobi city plume. Future extensions of the measurement programme will provide better understanding of the atmospheric chemistry of this globally important region.

Henne, S.; Klausen, J.; Junkermann, W.; Kariuki, J. M.; Aseyo, J. O.; Buchmann, B.

2008-06-01

12

Journal Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Newly online are all nine editions of The Massachusetts Medical Society's series Journal Watch, providing "clinical research summaries and commentary by physician-editors." Note that the electronic version of this journal is free through the end of 2000.

13

Gendercide Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website from Gendercide Watch is devoted to raising awareness, facilitating research, and disseminating educational resources on gendercide (i.e. gender-selective mass killing). Undoubtedly the most comprehensive and up-to-date Website of its kind, Gendercide Watch features an annotated listing of current gendercide articles and reports in the news, a comprehensive discussion and definition of the phenomenon, as well as detailed case studies of gendercide occurrences in several countries and contexts, including Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Colombia, and gendercide elements in the Jewish Holocaust and the Armenian genocide of 1915-1916. Institutional case studies of gendercide elements in the application of penal punishment -- including the death penalty, maternal mortality, and military conscription are also posted. The site emphasizes male gendercide, reflecting the creators's "conviction that men are, indeed, generally the victims of the most severe gender-selective atrocities in such situations." An extensive, annotated list of gendercide and genocide links is given along with news releases from Gendercide Watch about current gendercide issues around the world. Human rights advocates are likely to want to bookmark this site. Gendercide Watch is "a project of the Gender Issues Education Foundation (GIEF), a registered charitable foundation based in Edmonton, Alberta."

14

Regent Watching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although government and order in colleges are the object of almost constant public discussion, there is little public discussion of the governing boards themselves. "Regent watching" should be encouraged because the regents, or the trustee model of university government, is better than its alternatives, and it should be studied, criticized, and…

Cheit, Earl F.

15

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

In this issue of Water Watch, a summary of precipitation, drought, and streamflow conditions during the summer is presented. In addition, short-term streamflow forecasts (through October) for each region are given. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data presented can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in July.

Not Available

1991-10-01

16

Bird Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this group or individual activity, learners are encouraged to watch birds near home or schoolâpossibly where birds are nesting in a tree, pecking in a park, feeding from a feeder, or flying through the sky. The PDF provides drawings of the heads and bills of many kinds of birds, under categories including nectar feeding, mud probing, dip netting, scavenging, and raptorial.

Science, Lawrence H.

2010-01-01

17

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture and fall streamflow, particularly in the Western US. The information is based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology, the US Dept. of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, the California Dept. of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through October 1992. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in July.

Not Available

1992-10-01

18

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture conditions across the country as of the first of April. In addition, the department describes streamflow conditions across the US forecast for April through July. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service. For purposes of providing this information, the US is divided into six regions. The Hydropower Generation Report can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in March.

Not Available

1991-06-01

19

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture and fall streamflow. A map depicts soil moisture conditions in the US through early October. The analysis is based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology, the US Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, the California Department of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through November 1992. For purposed of reporting, the US is divided into six regions as indicated on a figure and in a table. The data presented in the table, the Hydropower Generation Report, can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in September.

Gruber, N. (C.T. Male Associates, P.C., Syracuse, NY (United States))

1992-12-01

20

Social Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Taken as a whole, Social Watch as an international network of citizens' groups concerned with the "fulfillment of internationally agreed commitments on poverty eradication and equality." These citizens' groups are also responsible for submitting national reports, promoting dialogue about these development priorities, and developing an inclusive strategy in order to bring other groups into the fold. For persons with an interest in these matters, this site will prove quite indispensable. Along the top of their homepage, visitors can view country reports, learn about development indicators through interactive maps, and also read up on the progress towards these goals. Visitors should also take a look at their annual reports, which provide both an executive summary and detailed regional reports on such matters as gender equity and poverty eradication efforts. The site also contains links to other relevant organizations and conferences, including the World Summit for Social Development and the World Conference on Women.

21

Monarch Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational outreach program aims to further science education, to promote the conservation of monarch butterflies, and to involve students and adults in a cooperative study of the fall migration of monarchs. Monarch Watch is a collaborative network of students, teachers, volunteers and researchers dedicated to the tagging, rearing, and study of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus. Other projects include life history studies, flight vector analysis, and butterfly gardening. A K-8 science curriculum, Monarchs in the Classroom (available through the mail), offers lessons congruent with K-8 National Science Education standards. Each spring, a Season Summary is published that contains tag recovery data, tips and ideas for teachers and students, observations on monarch populations, and new information on monarch biology.

2007-12-12

22

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on summer streamflow. In addition, a summary of streamflow, soil moisture, and water supply conditions through the end of May is presented. In addition, short-term streamflow forecasts are given. Forecasts are based on the National Weather Service US Climate Analysis Center's 90-day outlook. Temperature and precipitation probability estimates given in the outlook are based primarily on the average of monthly forecasts since 1974 and seasonal forecasts since 1959 at 100 US weather reporting stations. Regional analyses are based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology and River Forecast Centers, the US Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, the California Department of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data presented can be used to observe how weather conditions affect hydro generation in April.

Gruber, N.

1993-06-01

23

Mountain Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you've ever wanted to turn your hiking skills into helpful information, the Mountain Watch section of the Appalachian Mountain Club website may be of great interest. The site is designed to turn hikers into "citizen scientists" who can "aid in the collection of data that measures the ecological health of our mountains." The site contains four areas (including "Mountain Plants" and "Mountain Weather") where visitors can submit their own recent findings and observations. First-time visitors will need to fill out the volunteer data section, and this takes just a few minutes. After this, visitors will receive a password which will allow them to report on alpine flowers, air quality, and related subjects. Visitors can also read the observations of others, and read up on their "Naturalist Blog".

24

BEACH Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency has released data from the third annual National Health Protection Survey of Beaches for the 1999 swimming season. Based on voluntarily returned surveys, the site offers information on water quality at 1,891 beaches in the US. Using an interactive map, users can find out if the water at a selected beach is being monitored, who is responsible for monitoring, and if any advisories or closures have been issued. Initial entries for each beach include basic monitoring information, contact information, and a map. Users can also read the submitted survey form in full. Additional resources at the BEACH Watch site include summary results from the survey, a fact sheet, technical reports and reference, brochures amd pamphlets, a FAQ, and related links.

25

Wetland Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive site allows students to learn about wetlands while conducting several activities on the computer. These include two games: Croaker concentration, in which the sounds of frogs are matched, and Secrets of the marsh, which allows students to construct a marsh food chain. Another activity allows students to watch what happens to the wetland as the seasons change. The topics of a section named 'What's happening with our wetlands?' include: Learn about wetland threats, Take a walk on the wild side, and Dip into our marsh's past. One feature invites students to meet some local marsh inhabitants, such as a beaver, red fox, great blue heron, wood duck, carp (Goldfish or Koi), green darner dragonfly, and cattails.

26

Mussel watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contamination of U.S. coastal areas may be decreasing as a result of environmental regulations that have banned or curtailed toxic chemicals, concludes a report by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The report, “Recent Trends in Coastal Environmental Quality: Results from the Mussel Watch Project,” presents results of analyzing chemical concentrations found in mussel and oyster tissues collected every year since 1986.These mollusks are collected once a year at more than 240 sites nationwide and analyzed for over 70 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, chlorinated pesticides, butyltins, and toxic trace elements such as copper, cadmium, and lead. The report states that from 1986 to 1993 there were many more decreases than increases in chemical concentrations in coastal regions. These decreasing trends were not unexpected; all of the monitored chlorinated hydrocarbons have been banned for use in the United States, and tributyltin has been banned as a biocide on recreational boats.

27

Social Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1995, Social Watch was first established to provide a global platform for non-governmental organizations to monitor and promote the effective implementation of the commitments made by national governments during the United Nations World Summit on Social Development. Since that time, the group's work has continued in the areas of monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality and users with interests in these areas will appreciate both the organization's annual report (available from the homepage) and its country-by-country reports. One very well-developed interactive graphic feature is the development indicator section of the site. Here, visitors can view representations of such indicators as female adult literacy, deforestation, and fertility across the globe, along with discrete data from each country. Additionally, many of the materials offered here are available in Spanish as well.

28

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

The Hydropower Generation Report provides generation figures for the largest hydropower producers in each of six regions in the US. The report compares, for each month, the amount of hydroelectricity generated (in thousands of megawatt-hours) by each producers in the last two years to the ten-year average for that month. This database is used to figure long-term generation averages and percent of averages. The producers regularly provide current generation data to update the database. This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on winter snow conditions across the US as of mid-January. In addition, the department provides an outlook of spring flood potential. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service.

Not Available

1991-02-01

29

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Since the advent of hybridoma technology, dating back to 1975, monoclonal antibodies have become an irreplaceable diagnostic and therapeutic tool for a wide array of human diseases. During the last 15 years, several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been approved by FDA for cancer therapy. These mAbs are designed to (1) activate the immune system against tumor cells, (2) inhibit cancer cell-intrinsic signaling pathways, (3) bring toxins in the close proximity of cancer cells, or (4) interfere with the tumor-stroma interaction. More recently, major efforts have been made for the development of immunostimulatory mAbs that either enhance cancer-directed immune responses or limit tumor- (or therapy-) driven immunosuppression. Some of these antibodies, which are thought to facilitate tumor eradication by initiating or sustaining a tumor-specific immune response, have already entered clinical trials. In this Trial Watch, we will review and discuss the clinical progress of the most important mAbs that are have entered clinical trials after January 2008.

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vacchelli, Erika; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zucman-Rossi, Jessica; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

30

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have first been characterized for their capacity to detect conserved microbial components like lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and double-stranded RNA, resulting in the elicitation of potent (innate) immune responses against invading pathogens. More recently, TLRs have also been shown to promote the activation of the cognate immune system against cancer cells. Today, only three TLR agonists are approved by FDA for use in humans: the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) and imiquimod. BCG (an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis) is mainly used as a vaccine against tuberculosis, but also for the immunotherapy of in situ bladder carcinoma. MPL (derived from the LPS of Salmonella minnesota) is included in the formulation of Cervarix®, a vaccine against human papillomavirus-16 and -18. Imiquimod (a synthetic imidazoquinoline) is routinely employed for actinic keratosis, superficial basal cell carcinoma, and external genital warts (condylomata acuminata). In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recently completed clinical trials and discuss the progress of ongoing studies that have evaluated/are evaluating FDA-approved TLR agonists as off-label medications for cancer therapy.

Vacchelli, Erika; Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

31

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

During the last two decades, several approaches for the activation of the immune system against cancer have been developed. These include rather unselective maneuvers such as the systemic administration of immunostimulatory agents (e.g., interleukin-2) as well as targeted interventions, encompassing highly specific monoclonal antibodies, vaccines and cell-based therapies. Among the latter, adoptive cell transfer (ACT) involves the selection of autologous lymphocytes with antitumor activity, their expansion/activation ex vivo, and their reinfusion into the patient, often in the context of lymphodepleting regimens (to minimize endogenous immunosuppression). Such autologous cells can be isolated from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes or generated by manipulating circulating lymphocytes for the expression of tumor-specific T-cell receptors. In addition, autologous lymphocytes can be genetically engineered to prolong their in vivo persistence, to boost antitumor responses and/or to minimize side effects. ACT has recently been shown to be associated with a consistent rate of durable regressions in melanoma and renal cell carcinoma patients and holds great promises in several other oncological settings. In this Trial Watch, we will briefly review the scientific rationale behind ACT and discuss the progress of recent clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of adoptive cell transfer as an anticancer therapy.

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve?; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

32

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Prophylactic vaccination constitutes one of the most prominent medical achievements of history. This concept was first demonstrated by the pioneer work of Edward Jenner, dating back to the late 1790s, after which an array of preparations that confer life-long protective immunity against several infectious agents has been developed. The ensuing implementation of nation-wide vaccination programs has de facto abated the incidence of dreadful diseases including rabies, typhoid, cholera and many others. Among all, the most impressive result of vaccination campaigns is surely represented by the eradication of natural smallpox infection, which was definitively certified by the WHO in 1980. The idea of employing vaccines as anticancer interventions was first theorized in the 1890s by Paul Ehrlich and William Coley. However, it soon became clear that while vaccination could be efficiently employed as a preventive measure against infectious agents, anticancer vaccines would have to (1) operate as therapeutic, rather than preventive, interventions (at least in the vast majority of settings), and (2) circumvent the fact that tumor cells often fail to elicit immune responses. During the past 30 y, along with the recognition that the immune system is not irresponsive to tumors (as it was initially thought) and that malignant cells express tumor-associated antigens whereby they can be discriminated from normal cells, considerable efforts have been dedicated to the development of anticancer vaccines. Some of these approaches, encompassing cell-based, DNA-based and purified component-based preparations, have already been shown to exert conspicuous anticancer effects in cohorts of patients affected by both hematological and solid malignancies. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating purified peptides or full-length proteins as therapeutic interventions against cancer.

Vacchelli, Erika; Martins, Isabelle; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2012-01-01

33

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) represents a prominent form of immunotherapy against malignant diseases. ACT is conceptually distinct from dendritic cell-based approaches (which de facto constitute cellular vaccines) and allogeneic transplantation (which can be employed for the therapy of hematopoietic tumors) as it involves the isolation of autologous lymphocytes exhibiting antitumor activity, their expansion/activation ex vivo and their reintroduction into the patient. Re-infusion is most often performed in the context of lymphodepleting regimens (to minimize immunosuppression by host cells) and combined with immunostimulatory interventions, such as the administration of Toll-like receptor agonists. Autologous cells that are suitable for ACT protocols can be isolated from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes or generated by engineering their circulating counterparts for the expression of transgenic tumor-specific T-cell receptors. Importantly, lymphocytes can be genetically modified prior to re-infusion for increasing their persistence in vivo, boosting antitumor responses and minimizing side effects. Moreover, recent data indicate that exhausted antitumor T lymphocytes may be rejuvenated in vitro by exposing them to specific cytokine cocktails, a strategy that might considerably improve the clinical success of ACT. Following up the Trial Watch that we published on this topic in the third issue of OncoImmunology (May 2012), here we summarize the latest developments in ACT-related research, covering both high-impact studies that have been published during the last 13 months and clinical trials that have been initiated in the same period to assess the antineoplastic profile of this form of cellular immunotherapy.

Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

34

Adults Watching Children Watch "South Park."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the satirical cartoon television series called "South Park." Discusses who watches this program, noting its immense popularity and the way it has entered the everyday lives of school children the world over. Looks at its cult appeal, and speculates as to reasons why some children might enjoy watching the program. (SR)|

Nixon, Helen

1999-01-01

35

YELLOWSTONE RIVER WATCH (YRW)  

EPA Science Inventory

Yellowstone River Watch seeks to expand its monitoring and education efforts throughout the Yellowstone River Basin by actively recruiting and training new teacher members. Yellowstone River Watch also seeks to advance existing school programs by offering quality assurance/quali...

36

Aerosol decadal trends - Part 2: In-situ aerosol particle number concentrations at GAW and ACTRIS stations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have analysed the trends of total aerosol particle number concentrations (N) measured at long-term measurement stations involved either in the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and/or EU infrastructure project ACTRIS. The sites are located in Europe, North America, Antarctica, and on Pacific Ocean islands. The majority of the sites showed clear decreasing trends both in the full-length time series, and in the intra-site comparison period of 2001-2010, especially during the winter months. Several potential driving processes for the observed trends were studied, and even though there are some similarities between N trends and air temperature changes, the most likely cause of many northern hemisphere trends was found to be decreases in the anthropogenic emissions of primary particles, SO2 or some co-emitted species. We could not find a consistent agreement between the trends of N and particle optical properties in the few stations with long time series of all of these properties. The trends of N and the proxies for cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) were generally consistent in the few European stations where the measurements were available. This work provides a useful comparison analysis for modelling studies of trends in aerosol number concentrations.

Asmi, A.; Collaud Coen, M.; Ogren, J. A.; Andrews, E.; Sheridan, P.; Jefferson, A.; Weingartner, E.; Baltensperger, U.; Bukowiecki, N.; Lihavainen, H.; Kivekäs, N.; Asmi, E.; Aalto, P. P.; Kulmala, M.; Wiedensohler, A.; Birmili, W.; Hamed, A.; O'Dowd, C.; Jennings, S. G.; Weller, R.; Flentje, H.; Fjaeraa, A. M.; Fiebig, M.; Myhre, C. L.; Hallar, A. G.; Swietlicki, E.; Kristensson, A.; Laj, P.

2013-01-01

37

Aerosol decadal trends - Part 2: In-situ aerosol particle number concentrations at GAW and ACTRIS stations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have analysed the trends of total aerosol particle number concentrations (N) measured at long-term measurement stations involved either in the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and/or EU infrastructure project ACTRIS. The sites are located in Europe, North America, Antarctica, and on Pacific Ocean islands. The majority of the sites showed clear decreasing trends both in the full-length time-series, and in the intra-site comparison period of 2001-2010, especially during the winter months. Several potential driving processes for the observed trends were studied, and even though there are some similarities between N trends and air temperature changes, the most likely cause of many Northern Hemisphere trends was found to be decreases in the anthropogenic emissions of primary particles, SO2 or some co-emitted species. We could not find a consistent agreement between the trends of N and particle optical properties in the few stations with long timeseries of all of these properties. The trends of N and the proxies for cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) were generally consistent in the few European stations where the measurements were available. This work provides a useful comparison analysis for modelling studies of trends in aerosol number concentrations.

Asmi, A.; Collaud Coen, M.; Ogren, J. A.; Andrews, E.; Sheridan, P.; Jefferson, A.; Weingartner, E.; Baltensperger, U.; Bukowiecki, N.; Lihavainen, H.; Kivekäs, N.; Asmi, E.; Aalto, P. P.; Kulmala, M.; Wiedensohler, A.; Birmili, W.; Hamed, A.; O'Dowd, C.; Jennings, S. G.; Weller, R.; Flentje, H.; Fjaeraa, A. Mari; Fiebig, M.; Myhre, C. Lund; Hallar, A. G.; Laj, P.

2012-08-01

38

Project Feeder Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project FeederWatch is a winter-long survey of birds that visit feeders at backyards, nature centers, community areas, and other locales in North America. FeederWatchers periodically count the birds they see at their feeders from November through early April and send their counts to Project FeederWatch. FeederWatch data help scientists track broadscale movements of winter bird populations and long-term trends in bird distribution and abundance. Anyone with an interest in birds can participate. FeederWatch is conducted by people of all skill levels and backgrounds, including children, families, individuals, classrooms, retired persons, youth groups, nature centers, and bird clubs

2004-01-01

39

Swatch Watch in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For centuries, Swiss firms manufactured and sold precision watches and were the undisputed leaders in timekeeping. All this came to an abrupt end when, in the mid-1970s, the Japanese began to make reliable digital watches at a fraction of the cost of the expensive, labor-intensive Swiss product. In 1983, Switzerland answered with the introduction…

Osterer, Irv

2010-01-01

40

The GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION) as a source of near-real time aerosol profile data for model evaluation and assimilation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2007, the WMO Global Atmospheric Watch’s Science Advisory Group on Aerosols described a global network of lidar networks called GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION). GALION has a purpose of providing expanded coverage of aerosol observations for climate and air quality use. Comprised of networks in Asia (AD-NET), Europe (EARLINET and CIS-LINET), North America (CREST and CORALNET), South America (ALINE) and with contribution from global networks such as MPLNET and NDACC, the collaboration provides a unique capability to define aerosol profiles in the vertical. GALION is designed to supplement existing ground-based and column profiling (AERONET, PHOTONS, SKYNET, GAWPFR) stations. In September 2010, GALION held its second workshop and one component of discussion focussed how the network would integrate into model needs. GALION partners have contributed to the Sand and Dust Storm Warning and Analysis System (SDS-WAS) and to assimilation in models such as DREAM. This paper will present the conclusions of those discussions and how these observations can fit into a global model analysis framework. Questions of availability, latency, and aerosol parameters that might be ingested into models will be discussed. An example of where EARLINET and GALION have contributed in near-real time observations was the suite of measurements during the Eyjafjallajokull eruption in Iceland and its impact on European air travel. Lessons learned from this experience will be discussed.

Hoff, R. M.; Pappalardo, G.

2010-12-01

41

AccessWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AccessWatch, provided by David Maher, is a shareware utility that provides a regularly updated summary of WWW server hits and accesses, and gives a graphical representation of available statistics. It generates statistics for hourly server load, page demand, accesses by domain, and accesses by host. AccessWatch can run on Unix or Windows NT servers. The AccessWatch page provides sample output, a FAQ, installation instructions, and the Perl script that makes the product work. It is free for government, non-commercial home, and academic use. See the license agreement for more information.

42

Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a seven-unit program for grades K-6 which addresses such topics as litter control, recycling, and resources recovery. It is designed to instill in students positive feelings about the environment. (DS)|

Groover, Richard S.

1981-01-01

43

WatchList  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Audubon has launched this site identifying North American bird species that are "faced with population decline, limited geographic range, and/or threats such as habitat loss on their breeding and wintering grounds." Compiled by Partners in Flight, the list is provided as a citizen science initiative to shift conservation agendas away from "reactive, last-minute rescue attempts" and towards preventative measures. In addition to the continental WatchList, the site posts state WatchLists. To access a state list, simply click on the US map (or state name) to browse the list of bird species or read about the criteria used to establish the list. Each highlighted species account includes a color photograph, common and scientific name, and indicators of relative abundance, distribution, threats to breeding and non-breeding ranges, and population trends. The site also includes a FAQ section, Five Ways to Help WatchList Birds, and Kids WatchList Action.

44

Monitoring of Atmospheric Mercury at a Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) Site on An-Myun Island, Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate the regional background concentration levels of mercury (Hg), measurements were routinely recorded\\u000a on An-Myun Island off the coast of Korea (December 2004 to April 2006). The mean concentration of Hg computed from the entire\\u000a measurement period was 4.61???2.21 ng m?3 with a range of 0.10–25.4 ng m?3 (N?=?10,485). Using these data, we inspected various aspects of Hg behavior

Hang Thi Nguyen; Ki-Hyun Kim; Min-Young Kim; Sungmin Hong; Yong-Hoon Youn; Zang-Ho Shon; Jeong Soon Lee

2007-01-01

45

In-situ measurement of atmospheric CO2 at the four WMO/GAW stations in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) mole fractions were continuously measured from January 2009 to December 2011 at 4 atmospheric observatories in China ((Lin'an, LAN), (Longfengshan, LFS), (Shangdianzi, SDZ), and (Waliguan, WLG)) using Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy instruments. All sites are regional (LAN, LFS, SDZ) or global (WLG) measurement stations of the World Meteorological Organization/Global Atmosphere Watch program (WMO/GAW). LAN is located near the megacity of Shanghai, in China's most economically developed region. LFS is in a forest and rice production area, close to the city of Harbin in the northern east of China. SDZ is located 150 km north east of Beijing. WLG, hosting the longest record of measured CO2 mole fractions in China, is a high altitude site in northwest China recording background CO2 values. The CO2 growth rates are 2.2 ± 0.2 ppm yr-1 for LAN, 2.3 ± 0.2 ppm yr-1 for LFS, 2.0 ± 0.2 ppm yr-1 for SDZ, and 1.2 ± 0.1 ppm yr-1 (1?) for WLG, during the period of 2009 to 2011. The growth rate at WLG may be underestimated due to the data gaps during the observation period. The highest annual mean CO2 mole fraction of 404.1 ± 4.1 ppm was observed at LAN in 2011. A comprehensive analysis of CO2 variations, their diurnal and seasonal cycles as well as the analysis of the influence of different wind regimes on the CO2 mole fractions allows a thorough characterization of the sampling sites and of the key processes driving the CO2 mole fractions. These data form a basis to improve our understanding of atmospheric CO2 variations in China and the underlying fluxes, using atmospheric inversion models.

Fang, S. X.; Zhou, L. X.; Tans, P. P.; Ciais, P.; Steinbacher, M.; Xu, L.; Luan, T.

2013-10-01

46

One-year aerosol profiling with EUCAARI Raman lidar at Shangdianzi GAW station: Beijing plume and seasonal variations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study examines seasonal and air-flow-dependent variations of the vertical distribution of aerosols at the Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) station of Shangdianzi in the North China Plain 100 km northeast of Beijing. One-year Raman lidar observations of profiles of aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients at 532 nm were performed from April 2009 to March 2010 in the framework of the European Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions (EUCAARI) project. In the nighttime statistics a two-layer structure with the main haze layer reaching to 1-1.5 km height asl and an elevated aerosol layer on top with a top height of 2.5-5 km height asl was generally observed. A case study of a Beijing haze plume is presented to document the drastic changes in the environmental conditions over the background monitoring station during the passage of a strong haze front. Aerosol optical depth (AOD) and extinction coefficients increased from 0.2 to 1.2 and from 200 Mm-1 to 1000 Mm-1, respectively, within less than two hours. The statistical analysis revealed layer mean extinction coefficients of the haze layer most frequently from 200-600 Mm-1 and typically from 50-100 Mm-1in the elevated layer. The AOD ranged from about 0.3 for northerly air flows to, on average, 0.95 during southerly air flows. The lidar ratio shows a narrow distribution peaking at 60 sr in the haze layer caused by anthropogenic fine-mode aerosol and a broad distribution from 40-90 sr in the elevated layer caused by the complex mixture of aged desert dust, biomass burning smoke, and industrial pollution over eastern Asia.

HäNel, A.; Baars, H.; Althausen, D.; Ansmann, A.; Engelmann, R.; Sun, J. Y.

2012-07-01

47

Whale-Watching-Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite, by Rauno Lauhakangas of the University of Helsinki, Finland, includes a myriad of whale-related topics, some of which are scientific. The research-oriented sections include: Oceanographic Research (a collection of links to research sites, i.e. The Radio Acoustic Positioning and Telemetry Network -- a useful technique for monitoring whale/fish behavior); Cetacean's Rights (a section providing examples of legislation regulating whale-watching in Argentina, New Zealand, and elsewhere); and Bioacoustics (a section of links dedicated to Cetacean Research Technology). Educators will find useful information and compelling photographic images in the Cetacean Encyclopaedia (an introduction to whale species); Cetacean Pictures; and Virtual Whale Watching (a high-tech, state-of-the-art introduction to virtual whale-watching).

48

Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Newsletter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in 1998 and funded by a combination of organizations, the Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse collects, compiles, and disseminates information on the tools, techniques, and strategies necessary to manage "growth" (human expansion) while promoting "the best land use practices." The Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Newsletter is a free, weekly electronic newsletter that summarizes current news and provides links to related news stories and Websites. Users may browse issues online (archive is listed at the bottom of the last page) or receive issues through a free email subscription.

49

Computer programmer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What do computer programmers actually do? This is the introductory page for a set of materials about computer programming as a career. Here the job of a computer programmer is defined and described. Computer programmers write and maintain computer software. In the rest of the resource, students can examine a specialized job title associated with computer programming: software developer. Students can view a six-minute video clip of the software developer as he works on writing software and debugging programs. He is the leader of a project using three software developers to write software. Students watch as the software developer explains and demonstrates how to write a program that prints a phrase on the screen when an icon is clicked. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2002-01-01

50

Airway conductance (Gaw) and FEV 1 changes with aerosol bronchodilator and underlying mechanics.  

PubMed

Airway conductance and FEV1 were measured in 25 patients before and after bronchodilator: Following bronchodilator, the correlation coefficient, r, between Gaw and FEV1 increased from 0.58 to 0.70 while there was almost negligible correlation (r = 0.1) between the respective Gaw and FEV1 changes. The lack of correlation is explained by the occurrence of saturated flow during a forced expiration, the saturated flow value also depending on the small airway resistance, the lung elastic recoil and the compressibility of the airway walls. It is concluded that the measurements are complementary but that the flow-alveolar pressure curve of a forced expiration or, better still, the measurement of the iso-volume alveolar pressure, flow curves, would contain the most information. PMID:3953111

Imberger, H

1986-01-01

51

The Monarch Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education can be an exciting process of observation and discovery. This article describes the use of the Monarch Watch project by environmental educators to study migratory behavior and scientific research through the tagging of Monarch butterflies. Discusses reasons the national project has been successful. (LZ)

Brown, Ken

1994-01-01

52

The Monarch Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science education can be an exciting process of observation and discovery. This article describes the use of the Monarch Watch project by environmental educators to study migratory behavior and scientific research through the tagging of Monarch butterflies. Discusses reasons the national project has been successful. (LZ)|

Brown, Ken

1994-01-01

53

Watching the TV Audience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data were collected for this study of the relationship between television watching and family life via a recording device (C-Box) consisting of a television set and a video camera. Designed for the study, this device was installed in 20 homes for one week to record the viewing area in front of the television set together with information on…

Collett, Peter

54

The International Leonid watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A brief history of the Leonid Meteor Shower is given with emphasis on the storms of 1833, 1866, and 1966. With conditions favorable for a return of a storm toward the end of this decade, the International Leonid Watch is described.

Davis, Mark A.

1993-10-01

55

Why Am I Watching This?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, after a few minutes of watching TV, I grew bored and abruptly asked my boyfriend, “Why are we watching this?” He agreed it was boring and changed it to the Bruins game, but my question continued to circulate in my head. Why were we watching it? Using a variety of sociological perspectives and concepts—such as phenomenology, symbolic interactionism, exchange

Kristen Slavin

2005-01-01

56

National Weather Service: Watch, Warning, Advisory Display  

MedlinePLUS

... Outlooks RSS Feeds E-Mail Alerts Weather Information Storm Reports NWS Hazards Map Watch/Warning Map National ... Severe Thunderstorm Warning* Hurricane Watch Hurricane Warning Tropical Storm Watch Tropical Storm Warning Flash Flood Watch Flash ...

57

[TV and video watching among 11-15-year old children--a sociomedical perspective].  

PubMed

A material of 1,671 schoolchildren replied to a questionnaire about health, time spent watching television, the demographic and social situation, social network, and life satisfaction. These pupils spend two hours daily watching television and one tenth of this time is spent on video programmes. 48% of the children spend 0-10 hours weekly watching television, 35% 11-27 hours, 15% 28-37 hours and 3% more than 37 hours. Boys spend more time watching television than girls, younger pupils more than older and children from lower social classes more than children from higher social classes. The time spent watching television increases with increasing degree of urbanisation. Children who spend many hours watching television have more problems in life satisfaction, health and social network compared with children who spend a few hours watching television. PMID:2058032

Holstein, B E; Due, P; Ito, H; Deckert, H

1991-06-01

58

CoralWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Built on a research project at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, CoralWatch has developed a cheap, simple, non-invasive method for the monitoring of coral bleaching, and assessment of coral health. In the field, users simply use the Coral Health Chart to compare colors of corals with colors on the chart and record matching codes. Students submit their data and can view data from reefs around the world. Virtual components are also available.

59

New Water Watch Editor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new Eos editor for hydrology is Ivan Johnson, a water and soils engineering consultant from Arvada, Colo. He succeeds Mary Anderson, the editor for the last few years and the initiator of the special WaterWatch section in Eos. In taking over the job, Johnson stated, “I look forward to the assistance of all members of the AGU Hydrology Section in providing me with papers, meeting summaries, and news so I can maintain the excellent quality of reporting started by Mary.”

60

The International Halley Watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An International Halley Watch has been established to coordinate worldwide ground-based observations of Halley's Comet in the upcoming apparition. Channels have been created for cooperation with the space missions being sent to Halley in order to maximize the value of the collective scientific results. Details are given of the IHW organization already established, which includes 722 astronomers from 42 countries. The ultimate goal of the IHW is the 1989 production of a 'Halley Archive' of all Halley scientific data.

Newburn, R. L., Jr.; Rahe, J.

1984-01-01

61

Global Forest Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Global Forest Watch maps include interactive regional forest maps for countries around the world and raw GIS data layers available to download. There are case studies and reports of different countries showing the state of frontier forests and rainforests and their level of protection. These products provide a comprehensive look at the development pressures affecting forests in key regions of the world, and detailed mapping of remaining intact (old-growth and primary) forests.

62

Study of atmospheric CH4 mole fractions at three WMO/GAW stations in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CH4 mole fractions were continuously measured from 2009 to 2011 at three WMO/GAW stations in China (Lin'an, LAN; Longfengshan, LFS; and Waliguan, WLG) using three Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy instruments. LAN and LFS are GAW regional measurement stations. LAN is located in China's most economically developed region, and LFS is in a rice production area (planting area > 40,000 km2). WLG is a global measurement station in remote northwest China. At LAN, high methane mole fractions are observed in all seasons. Surface winds from the northeast enhance CH4 values, with a maximum increase of 32 ± 15 ppb in summer. The peak to peak amplitude of the seasonal cycle is 77 ± 35 ppb. At LFS, the diurnal cycle amplitude is approximately constant throughout the year except summer, when a value of 196 ± 65 ppb is observed. CH4 values at LFS reach their peak in July, which is different from seasonal variations typically observed in the northern hemisphere. CH4 mole fractions at WLG show both the smallest values and the lowest variability. Maximum values occur during summer, which is different from other northern hemisphere WMO/GAW global stations. The seasonal cycle amplitude is 17 ± 11 ppb. The linear growth rates at LAN, LFS, and WLG are 8.0 ± 1.2, 7.9 ± 0.9, and 9.4 ± 0.2 ppb yr-1, respectively, which are all larger than the global mean over the same 3 year period. Results from this study attempt to improve our basic understanding of observed atmospheric CH4 in China.

Fang, Shuang-Xi; Zhou, Ling-Xi; Masarie, Kenneth A.; Xu, Lin; Rella, Chris W.

2013-05-01

63

World Monuments Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether from civil unrest or environmental degradation, many of the world's great cultural and historical landmarks remain threatened. Fortunately, there are groups like the World Monument Watch who keep close tabs on the state of these important resources. On the site, visitors can traipse on through an interactive map of the world to learn about each site. For each site, visitors will find a photograph of the landmark, a short essay on the history of each landmark, and some explanation of the reasons for its inclusion on the list.

2008-01-01

64

The First Quartz Electronic Watch  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper is to present the history of the quartz electronic watch. The first quartz watch was a Swiss wristwatch\\u000a presented in 1967. It was exactly 20 years after the invention of the transistor. Today Switzerland and Japan are dominant\\u000a on the market of electronic watches. In Switzerland, the competencies in low-power electronics come directly from the

Christian Piguet

2002-01-01

65

A new 5?,8?-Epidioxysterol from the soft coral Sinularia gaweli.  

PubMed

A new sterol, (22R,23R,24R)-5?,8?-epidioxy-22,23-methylene-24-methyl-cholest-6,9(11)-dien-3?-ol (1), and two known sterols, (22R,23R,24R)-5?,8?-epidioxy-22,23-methylene-24-methylcholest-6-en-3?-ol (2) and 24-methylenecholestane-1?,3?,5?, 6?,11?-pentol (3), were isolated from the soft coral Sinularia gaweli. The structure of sterol 1 was established by spectroscopic methods and by comparison of the spectral data with those of known analogues. The cytotoxicity of sterols 1-3 towards various tumor cells is reported. PMID:23459300

Yen, Wei-Hsuan; Chen, Wu-Fu; Cheng, Ching-Hsiao; Dai, Chang-Feng; Lu, Mei-Chin; Su, Jui-Hsin; Su, Yin-Di; Chen, Yu-Hsin; Chang, Yu-Chia; Chen, Yung-Husan; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Lin, Chan-Hsing; Wen, Zhi-Hong; Sung, Ping-Jyun

2013-03-04

66

Pseudo-global, long-term consistency of satellite occultation and limb ozone profilers with Global Atmosphere Watch ozonometric networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last 20 years, several contiguous satellite missions have recorded the vertical distribution of stratospheric and upper tropospheric ozone at 1-3 km vertical resolution. Among them, several are based on the solar occultation technique, either in the visible or the infrared spectral range. Operating from 57° inclination orbits, NASA's Stratospheric Aerosols and Gas Experiment II (SAGE-II) aboard Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) in 1984-2005 and Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) aboard Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) in 1991-2005 yielded ozone profile time series with a meridian coverage from about 80° N to 80° S. Operating from a near-polar orbit with sun-synchronous precession, Naval Research Laboratory's Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement II and III (POAM-II/III) aboard the French platforms SPOT-3/4 extended in 1993-1996 and in 1998-2005, respectively, the SAGE-II and HALOE data records towards polar regions, focusing on the 63° /88° S and 55° /71° N latitude zones. More recently, Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) aboard Canadian Space Agency's SCISAT-1, started in 2003 a new ozone profile data record, now from a 75° inclination orbit. Complementarily to solar occultation sensors, of which observations are limited to a maximum of 14 or 28 sunrise/sunset events a day, ESA's Envisat caries since 2002 Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars (GOMOS) and Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS), based on stellar occultation and limb infrared emission observations. GOMOS and MIPAS have both recorded ozone profile time series with a nearly daily pole-to-pole coverage. The present paper aims at exploring the long-term and global consistency between contiguous ozone profile data records acquired by the aforementioned satellite sensors. To deal with the differences in meridian coverage and in time period, we confront those data records to the same common reference, consisting in ground-based observations by ozonesonde and lidar networks. Networks considered here are affiliated to WMO's Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) programme and contributing networks such as the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesonde (SHADOZ).

Clercq Coralie, De

67

Why People Watch Reality TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the appeal of reality TV by asking 239 adults to rate themselves on each of 16 basic motives using the Reiss Profile standardized instrument and to rate how much they watched and enjoyed various reality television shows. The results suggested that the people who watched reality television had above-av- erage trait motivation to feel self-important and, to a

Steven Reiss; James Wiltz

2004-01-01

68

Television Watching and Family Tension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between the amount of television watching and level of family tension was studied through interviews carried out in 64 Minneapolis households. Tension levels were found to be higher in families with high levels of television watching, particularly in households with a high population density. There appears to be a strong…

Rosenblatt, Paul C.; Cunningham, Michael R.

69

67 FR 77407 - Changes in the Insular Possessions Watch, Watch Movement and Jewelry Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...quantity of watches and watch movements which may be entered free...territorial watch and watch movement producer based on the company's...and to maintain his or her principal office for day-to-day...PART 303--WATCHES, WATCH MOVEMENTS AND JEWELRY PROGRAM 1....

2002-12-18

70

67 FR 55375 - Changes in the Insular Possessions Watch, Watch Movement and Jewelry Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...quantity of watches and watch movements which may be entered free...territorial watch and watch movement producer based on the company's...and to maintain his or her principal office for day-to-day...PART 303--WATCHES, WATCH MOVEMENTS AND JEWELRY PROGRAM 1....

2002-08-29

71

USGS: WaterWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey pays keen attention to a number of physical processes around the country, and they are no less vigilant in their efforts to study water resources. Visitors to this site will first notice the map of real-time streamflow activity right in the middle of the homepage. The data is organized into seven percentile classes that draw on historical data to illustrate how the current streamflow activity compares to activity in the past. Using a series of drop-down menus on the top allows users to look for current flood and drought watches and also access historical maps and graphs that offer some perspective on monthly streamflow. Finally, the site also contains a thorough explanation of streamflow data and how such data is compiled and analyzed.

72

Executive PayWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Executive PayWatch is provided by the AFL-CIO, a trade union group. The site aims to be a "working family's guide to monitoring and curtailing the excessive salaries, bonuses and perks in CEO compensation packages." Visitors can conduct a comparison of CEO and worker pay increases, and evaluate the reasons given for high CEO salary increases. There is also a database of the salaries of the CEOs of Standard & Poor (S&P 500) corporations. Users can find instructions on how to obtain details of CEO compensation for companies not in the S&P 500 from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) web site. A guide on what actions workers can take to restrain CEO pay increases rounds up the site.

73

Neighborhood Environmental Watch Network  

SciTech Connect

The Neighborhood Environmental Watch Network (NEWNET) is a regional network of environmental monitoring stations and a data archival center that supports collaboration between communities, industry, and government agencies to solve environmental problems. The stations provide local displays of measurements for the public and transmit measurements via satellite to a central site for archival and analysis. Station managers are selected from the local community and trained to support the stations. Archived data and analysis tools are available to researchers, educational institutions, industrial collaborators, and the public across the nation through a communications network. Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Environmental Protection Agency have developed a NEWNET pilot program for the Department of Energy. The pilot program supports monitoring stations in Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, and California. Additional stations are being placed in Colorado and New Mexico. Pilot stations take radiological and meteorological measurements. Other measurements are possible by exchanging sensors.

Sanders, L.D.

1993-10-01

74

Global Forest Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the Forest Frontiers Initiative (described in the September 30, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering), the World Resources Institute (WRI) has launched Global Forest Watch, an ambitious, international effort to assemble and provide "objective, quality data" on the state of the world's forests. The site's main function is to introduce viewers to the project, calling attention to regional centers (Central Africa, North America, Southeast Asia, South America, and Russia), and providing "comprehensive information on logging, mining, and other development activities within and around frontier forests as, or before, it happens." A brochure (English or French) can be downloaded (.pdf format) in the Resources section, and the Newsroom will serve as a spotlight for recent information.

75

Drought Watch '99  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blistering summer temperatures have brought drought conditions across large sections of the United States, especially in the Mid-Atlantic, Northeast, and upper Ohio Valley regions. This new site from the US Geological Survey (USGS) offers a number of drought resources. These include the latest condition reports for selected states and realtime streamflow data from the mid-Atlantic region; links to current information from the National Weather Service and the Department of Agriculture; drought definitions; and notes from a recent Congressional Briefing on drought in the Middle Atlantic states. The last item includes a number of graphs and streamflow maps. Numerous links to related sites and sources for more information are provided throughout Drought Watch.

76

Scholastic: Weather Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weather Watch series of online projects investigates seasonal weather phenomena. Students discover the scientific explanations for these events, and use tools and resources for enhanced research. The Hurricanes project allows students to monitor patterns and plot the progression of hurricanes. The Winter Storms project contains an interactive weather maker allowing students to create different weather patterns by changing factors. A winter storm timeline provides stories of the harshest blizzards that have occurred in the U.S. The Weather Reporters project includes a selection of hands-on science experiments for classroom participation, leading up to sharing results online with students worldwide. Each project provides assessment tools and lesson plan suggestions for educators. Links are provided for additional resources.

77

Frontline: On Our Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the situation in Darfur continues to unfold, a number of media outlets have continued to investigate the United Nations involvement in the region. The journalists and researchers at the PBS program Frontline embarked on their own investigation into the subject. Along the way, they explored China's economic interests in the region, the actions of the Security Council, and those of various UN member nations. Visitors to this site can watch the documentary program in its entirety, and they can also read essays on various aspects of Darfur written by activists, historians, and policy experts. Other features on the site include a map of the region, a list of suggested readings and links, and journal entries from the show's producer, Neil Doherty.

78

Country watch. Brazil.  

PubMed

A fictional story using publicity-type language was depicted in an AIDS prevention video produced by the Health in Prostitution Project in Rio de Janeiro to support its work with prostitutes. The video was produced through the volunteer efforts of a professional cast and crew who used cultural entertainment codes to raise awareness. Although both established and new actors participated, the cast was comprised of largely famous soap opera and movie artists. This approach was chosen was the understanding that Brazilians watch soap operas 4-5 hours/day and would therefore readily recognize and pay attention to messages conveyed by the protagonists. The video was shot 2 weeks before Carnival when most actors usually rest and received wide media coverage and attention from the public sector. Prostitutes participated in all stages of production, from script-writing to casting to final editing. The video, Venus Fire, describes a pleasure lottery of which the prize is a lucky condom. The video was officially released on World AIDS Day 1992, and broadcast nationwide in January 1993. It was then subsequently aired in public squares and other street worker sites with question-and-answer sessions and public debates among average audience of 200-300 people. Similar health projects elsewhere in Brazil have also show the film with very good audience response. The prostitutes are happy that their profession is being treated with respect, while clients are attracted by the sexy images. PMID:12345382

Szterenfeld, C; Lopes, V

1993-01-01

79

Urban Bird-Watching II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In "Urban Bird-Watching," previously published in Science Scope , the author described an activity designed to get students out of the classroom and into the outdoors (Rodenberg, 1993). In that activity, suggestions were offered to familiarize stu

Rodenberg, Barbara

1999-09-01

80

Reduction and elimination of watch batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A watch that does not require battery replacement has been developed and launched on the market. There are two types of such watch: one that uses arm movement to generate electricity, and the other a mechanical watch run by a spring with quartz accuracy. It is not easy to get batteries in some parts of the world, making such watches

Y. Hirashima

2001-01-01

81

Country watch: Malawi.  

PubMed

The Drought Network for information sharing eventually led to the establishment of the more formal Southern Region AIDS Network (SORAN) where representatives from government and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) focused on awareness raising, lobbying, and advocacy. As an initial step towards networking on HIV/AIDS issues, a festival was organized in Blantyre on December 4, 1993, by NGOs, private companies, church groups, school children, and volunteers to bring about behavior change. About 2000 people gathered to listen to music, learn about HIV transmission through drama group presentations, watch videos with HIV/STD prevention messages, and learn about proper condom use. The participants officially established SORAN in February 1994 to act as a coordinating body for organizations working in prevention and care for HIV/STD-infected persons and their families. Network activities endeavored: to assist organizations interested in developing HIV/AIDS programs and activities; to encourage the business communities to participate in multisectoral coordination and to help channel funds from them to HIV/AIDS programs; to act as a resource center for information about HIV/AIDS; and to lobby among politicians as well as traditional local and religious leaders. When the first multi-party parliamentary election approached in May 1994, SORAN challenged representatives of 7 political parties and a women's organization to speak out publicly on what they envisioned doing about HIV/AIDS. The Grand Walk was also organized by SORAN members representing the Catholic Episcopal Conference of Malawi, the Protestant Blantyre Synod, a local brewery, and UNICEF. About 500 walkers received support from passersby. 70% were school children 10-18 years old who sang AIDS awareness songs and passed out flyers. Three months later the National AIDS Program's Big Walk for AIDS, following a National AIDS Crisis Conference, signaled the government's public recognition of the need for a multisectoral approach to combatting HIV/AIDS. PMID:12289026

Knox, G

1995-01-01

82

Physical and Chemical Characterisation of Alpine Aerosols At The Gaw Observatory Schneefernerhaus On Mount Zugspitze  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The physical and chemical characterisation of alpine aerosols is one of the central ob- jectives of the research project SCAVEX (Schneefernerhaus Aerosol and Reactive Ni- trogen Experiment), which was started in 2001. The techniques applied during the first comprehensive aerosol measurement campaigns at the GAW observatory Schneefern- erhaus on Mount Zugspitze and first results (particle number and mass concentration, size distribution, chemical composition) are presented. Depending on the meteorological situation, the observed total particle number concen- trations varied typically from a few hundred up to a few thousand particles per cubic centimetre. At low particle concentrations, i.e. under clean conditions such as free tropospheric air, the number size distributions exhibited a maximum in the accumu- lation mode (particle diameter ca. 100 nm). At high particle concentrations different size distribution patterns were observed, on some occasions a strong nucleation mode (particle diameter ca. 20 nm) dominated the total number concentration, on others also the accumulation mode was enhanced. The PM2.5 mass concentration varied between 0.5 and 10 µg/m3 (NTP, 3-10 day averages).

Zerrath, A.; Krause, K.; Franze, T.; Schauer, C.; Messerer, A.; Kamm, S.; Niessner, R.; Pöschl, U.

83

Watch Microelectronics: Pioneer in Portable Consumer Electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, Mougahed Darwish, Marc Degrauwe, Thomas E. Gyger, Gunther Meusburger and Jean Claude Robert -- a group of Swiss engineers at ETA and EM Microelectronic, the semiconductor manufacturer of the Swatch Group -- describe the consraints of the watch-making industry that have shaped watch microelectronics, and relate how the pioneering skills and solutions of quartz watch-making have diffused

Mougahed Darwish; Marc Degrauwe; Thomas E. Gyger; Günther Meusburger; Jean Claude Robert

2008-01-01

84

Watching together: integrating text chat with video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this

Justin D. Weisz; Sara B. Kiesler; Hui Zhang; Yuqing Ren; Robert E. Kraut; Joseph A. Konstan

2007-01-01

85

Watching Together: Integrating Conversation with Video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video-watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this paper,

Justin D. Weisz; Sara Kiesler; Hui Zhang; Yuqing Ren; Robert E. Kraut; Joseph A. Konstan

86

OPEN PRIMARY EDUCATION SCHOOL STUDENTS' OPINIONS ABOUT MATHEMATICS TELEVISION PROGRAMMES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine open primary education school students' opinions about mathematics television programmes. This study indicated that to determine differences among open primary education school students' opinions about mathematics television programmes point of view students' characteristics like gender, age, grade, frequency of watching mathematics television programmes and living place. The sample consists of 99 students

Kursat YENILMEZ

2008-01-01

87

TV watching, soap opera and happiness.  

PubMed

One hundred and fourteen subjects reported the amount of time they spent watching television in general, and soap opera in particular. They also completed scales measuring happiness and other personality variables, such as extraversion and cooperativeness. In the multiple regression analysis, having controlled for the demographic variables, watching TV was related to unhappiness, whereas watching soap opera was related to happiness. Discriminant analysis showed that females, higher happiness and extraversion distinguished regular soap watchers (who nevertheless watched little TV in general) from irregular soap watchers (who nevertheless watched a lot of TV in general). PMID:8271323

Lu, L; Argyle, M

1993-09-01

88

A Coupled Programme of Aerosol Research Within the OP3 and ACES Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The oxidation of organic compounds in the troposphere plays a central role in the generation of ozone, and leads to the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and other secondary pollutants. Approximately 90% of organic material emitted globally is estimated to originate from biogenic sources, with almost half of all reactive biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) being emitted from tropical and sub-tropical forests. It is becoming increasingly clear from observational studies that biogenic SOA (BSOA) is the dominant source of aerosol organic carbon concentrations in remote environments. This provides part of the motivation for the OP3 project. Ground-based aerosol measurements at the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) site in Danum Valley Conservation Area in OP3 were provided by a suite of instrumentation for full composition and physical property characterisation (size distribution, hygroscopicity and CCN activation). To further enhance our understanding of aerosol processes in the Borneo rainforest, additional capability was assembled within the UK NERC funded "Aerosol Coupling in the Earth System" (ACES) programme. Field component enhancements to the OP3 aerosol payload by ACES included a deployment of aerosol and precursor flux measurements within the forest canopy to characterise primary bioaerosol sources and in-canopy chemistry leading to formation of secondary aerosol components. In addition, measurements of VOCs and aerosol composition were made above an oil palm plantation to assess the impact of land-use change on aerosol processes. ACES is a coupled programme of field, chamber, mechanism development and modelling investigations aiming to reduce uncertainties in our fundamental understanding of BSOA formation and the subsequent impact on atmospheric composition. In addition to summarising aerosol field measurements within ACES / OP3, we will present an overview of the status of the ACES chamber and modelling results with the overall aim to: i) improve quantitative descriptions of fundamental emission processes from plant surfaces, particularly for native and commercial tropical species, ii) provide quantitative descriptions of key biogenic flux processes between organic aerosols and their precursor gases, iii) develop evaluated mechanisms for degradation of biogenic VOCs to produce SOA precursors iv) assess the impact of such processes on regional aerosol burden and v) assess the impact of land-use changes on aerosol emission / formation and deposition and develop predictive capability.

McFiggans, G.; Aces Aerosol Teams, P A

2008-12-01

89

Representativeness and climatology of carbon monoxide and ozone at the global GAW station Mt.~Kenya in equatorial Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tropics strongly influence the global atmospheric chemistry budget. However, continuous in-situ observations of trace gases are rare especially in equatorial Africa. The WMO Global Atmosphere Watch programme aimed to close this gap with the installation of the Mt. Kenya baseline station. Here, the first continuous measurements of carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone O3 at this site are presented. The representativeness of the site was investigated by means of statistical data analysis, air mass trajectory clustering, interpretation of biomass burning variability and evaluation of O3-CO relationships. Despite its location in equatorial Africa the site was rarely directly influenced by biomass burning emissions, making it suitable for background observations. Located at 3678 m above sea level the night-time (21:00-04:00 UTC) measurements were in general representative of the free troposphere, while day-time measurements were influenced by atmospheric boundary layer air. Six representative flow regimes towards Mt. Kenya were determined: eastern Africa (21% of the time), Arabian Peninsula and Pakistan (16%), northern Africa free tropospheric (6%), northern Indian Ocean and India (17%), south-eastern Africa (18%) and southern India Ocean (21%). The seasonal alternation of these flow regimes was determined by the monsoon circulation and caused a distinct semi-annual cycle of CO with maxima during February and August and with minima in April and less pronounced in November. O3 showed a weaker annual cycle with a minimum in November and a broad summer maximum. Inter-annual variations were explained with variations in southern African biomass burning and in transport patterns. The measurements at MKN were representative of air masses with little photochemical activity as indicated by weak O3-CO correlations, underlining the baseline character of the site. Future extensions of the measurement programme will provide better understanding of the atmospheric chemistry of this globally important region.

Henne, S.; Klausen, J.; Junkermann, W.; Kariuki, J. M.; Aseyo, J. O.; Buchmann, B.

2007-12-01

90

BATSE repeaters in the context of the WATCH/EURECA and WATCH/GRANAT catalogues  

SciTech Connect

We have correlated the positions of 57 GRBs observed by WATCH-GRANAT and WATCH-EURECA with 1905 bursts detected by BATSE. Comparing the so called {open_quotes}added correlation{close_quotes} between the WATCH and BATSE bursts with that obtained with simulated WATCH catalogues, we conclude that there is no indication of recurrent activity of WATCH bursts in the BATSE sample. We derive a 94{percent} confidence level upper limit of 15.8{percent} for the number of WATCH GRBs that could represent a population of repeaters in the BATSE sample. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Gorosabel, J.; Castro-Tirado, A.J. [Laboratorio de Astrofisica Espacial y Fisica Fundamental (LAEFF-INTA) P.O. Box 50727, E-28080, Madrid (Spain); Brandt, S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS D436, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Lund, N. [Danish Space Research Institute, Julianne Maries Vej 30 DK-2100 Copenhagen O/ (Denmark)

1998-05-01

91

Welcome to WaterWatch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With this issue we inaugurate WaterWatch, which is intended to bring news of water and of AGU's Hydrology Section to all readers of Eos at least every 3 months. One member of each of the Hydrology Section's technical committees is serving as a topical reporter, feeding information to Mary Anderson, editor of Eos for hydrology, but that is not enough. Quarterly publication of a substantial feature will require the active participation of many more. I appeal to all members of the Hydrology Section to provide Man Anderson with newsworthy items.

Eagleson, Peter S.

92

About Seafood Watch® and the Seafood Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch® program evaluates the ecological sustainability of wild-caught and farmed seafood commonly found in the United States marketplace. Seafood Watch® defines sustainable seafood as originating from sources, whether wild-caught or farmed, which can maintain or increase production in the long-term without jeopardizing the structure or function of affected ecosystems. Seafood Watch® makes its science-based recommendations available

Lucile Packard

2006-01-01

93

A Low Speed Two-Dimensional Study of Flow Separation on the GA(W)-1 Airfoil with 30-Percent Chord Fowler Flap.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Measurements of flow fields with low speed turbulent boundary layers were made for the GA(W)-1 airfoil with a 0.30 c Fowler flap deflected 40 deg at angles of attack of 2.7 deg, 7.7 deg, and 12.8 deg, at a Reynolds number of 2.2 million, and a Mach number...

H. C. Seetharam W. H. Wentz

1977-01-01

94

Temporal Patterns of TV watching for Portuguese Viewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Audiometer systems provide enormous amounts of detailed TV watching data. Several relevant and interdependent factors may influence TV viewers' behavior. In this work we focus on the tune factor and derive temporal patterns of TV watching, based on panel data. Clustering base attributes are originated from 1440 binary minute-related attributes, capturing the TV watching status (watch\\/not watch). Since there are

N. Datia; J. Moura-Pires; M. Cardoso; H. Pita

2005-01-01

95

IBM's Linux Watch: The Challenge of Miniaturization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly four years in development, the IBM Linux watch contains a complete computer system that runs Linux, displays X11 graphics, and has wireless connectivity. The system fits in a case that could pass as a slightly unusual analog timepiece with a somewhat odd shape and an extraordinarily brilliant face. The developers have created two versions of the watch, one with

Chandrasekhar Narayanaswami; Noboru Kamijoh; Mandayam T. Raghunath; Tadanobu Inoue; Thomas M. Cipolla; James L. Sanford; Eugene S. Schlig; Sreekrishnan Venkiteswaran; Dinakar Guniguntala; Vishal Kulkarni; Kazuhiko Yamazaki

2002-01-01

96

GOES Weather Satellite Watches The Sun  

NASA Video Gallery

NASA satellites such as STEREO, SOHO, and SDO are dedicated to studying the sun. GOES is a weather satellite but also watches the sun constantly. Watch this video and learn why space weather data is so important for every day life here on Earth.

Katherine Lewis

2010-04-27

97

Does Watching TV Make Us Happy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies a major human activity ? that of watching TV - where many individuals have incomplete control over, and foresight into, their own behavior. As a consequence, they watch more TV than they consider optimal for themselves and their well-being is lower than what could be achieved. Mainly people with significant opportunity costs of time regret the amount

Bruno S. Frey; Christine Benesch; Alois Stutzer

2005-01-01

98

Citizen Court Watching: The Consumer's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a state-of-the-art review of citizen court watching projects. It examines two particularly well-documented projects, and offers guidelines for citizen effort in court improvement. Citizen court watching is interpreted to include unofficial court monitoring, observation, and recommendation for reform by citizen groups and…

Carlson, Kenneth; And Others

99

LITTLE BROTHERS AND SISTERS ARE WATCHING  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we study the recent phenomenon of the individualized civic watch emerging on the Internet. ‘Civic watch’ from below allows people to monitor elites and organizations in order to make their actions more transparent, fair and accountable. The use of information and communication technologies increases the ability of people to publish information regarding the unethical behaviour or mishandling

Tapio Häyhtiö; Jarmo Rinne

2009-01-01

100

Does watching TV make us happy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watching TV is a major human activity. Because of its immediate benefits at negligible immediate marginal costs it is for many people tempting to view TV rather than to pursue more engaging activities. As a consequence, individuals with incomplete control over, and foresight into, their own behavior watch more TV than they consider optimal for themselves and their well-being is

Bruno S. Frey; Christine Benesch; Alois Stutzer

2007-01-01

101

Why College Students Watch Soap Operas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 549 college students investigated the size and motivation of the campus audience for soap operas. About half the student population (40% of the women and 10% of the men) claimed to watch the daytime serials. Most of the women viewing the soap operas watched two or three serials per week, with 83.3% following at least two regularly, and…

Breen, Myles P.; Powell, Jon T.

102

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Watch requirements for ship stations. 80.1123 Section 80.1123 ...Communications § 80.1123 Watch requirements for ship stations. (a) While at sea, all ships must maintain a continuous watch: (1)...

2011-10-01

103

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Watch requirements for ship stations. 80.1123 Section 80.1123 ...Communications § 80.1123 Watch requirements for ship stations. (a) While at sea, all ships must maintain a continuous watch: (1)...

2012-10-01

104

The Development of Programmes for Young Children in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan is one of the countries which have been producing and broadcasting a large number of programmes for children, both educational and entertainment, and both types of programme have been widely watched by children in other countries in recent years. This article introduces the characteristics of Japanese children's television viewing and some examples of studies on the development of new

S. I. Kodaira

1990-01-01

105

Watching the Moon from Tenerife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Where does the Sun go at night?" or "Why don't the Australians fall off?" are typical of the innocent questions that children ask. A new "Earth and Beyond" primary science learning programme from the University of Bradford is piloting some exciting ways to engage children with these questions and providing opportunities for them to find answers…

Baruch, John; Machell, James; Norris, Kath

2005-01-01

106

Watching the Moon from Tenerife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Where does the Sun go at night?" or "Why don't the Australians fall off?" are typical of the innocent questions that children ask. A new "Earth and Beyond" primary science learning programme from the University of Bradford is piloting some exciting ways to engage children with these questions and providing opportunities for them to find answers…

Baruch, John; Machell, James; Norris, Kath

2005-01-01

107

Radon Emissions from Radium-Dial Watches.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preliminary research during the latter half of 2011 has indicated that significant and potentially hazardous radon concentrations can arise from radium-dial watches stored in the built environment. Radium (226Ra) decays via alpha-particle emission to radon (222Rn); in addition, mesothorium (228Ra) and radiothorium (228Th) were also used in such watches and decay to thoron (220Rn). In the main experiments conducted to date, a set of radium-dial watches representative of a small private collection, was placed in a controlled access room, of volume 67 m3, that is continuously ventilated to the external environment. Prior to placing the watches in the room, the radon level at the maximum ventilation rate was ca. 10 Bq/m3. This rose to ca. 190-230 Bq/m3 following the placing of the watches in the room, again under conditions of maximum ventilation. When the ventilation rate decreased to a 'standby' setting, the radon concentration increased rapidly to ca. 2-3 kBq/m3, then decreased rapidly to the lower concentration when the ventilation rate returned to maximum. Extrapolation of results of monitoring a single watch under zero-ventilation conditions indicates that the zero-ventilation equilibrium concentration in the room arising from the set of watches exceeds 5 kBq/m3 and Monte-Carlo simulation indicates this could exceed 10 kBq/m3, both of which are greatly in excess of the UK Action Levels. Observation of such levels is largely unreported in the literature and our preliminary conclusion is that whilst collectors might be aware of the radiation hazard that arises directly from the radioactive material content of such watches, they are probably not aware of the large radon (and thoron) hazard that can arise, particularly if the watches are kept in a poorly ventilated room in a private house.

Gillmore, G.; Crockett, R.

2012-04-01

108

Development of a new concept diver's watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 'Scuba Master' diver's watch represents a new concept. It was developed and announced in 1990. This watch automatically displays information necessary for safe scuba diving and records diving data. The watch was well accepted by divers all over the world. Safe diving techniques were investigated. This led to the need for developing a highly accurate, highly reliable depth measurement system. The functions and features of 'Scuba Masters' are described. The way to make the depth measurement system highly accurate and highly reliable is explained.

Tsunoda, Takeo; Aizawa, Hitomi

109

Development of Watch Schedule Using Rules Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The software for schedule creation and optimization solves a difficult, important and practical problem. The proposed solution is an online employee portal where administrator users can create and manage watch schedules and employee requests. Each employee can login with his/her own account and see his/her assignments, manage requests, etc. Employees set as administrators can perform the employee scheduling online, manage requests, etc. This scheduling software allows users not only to see the initial and optimized watch schedule in a simple and understandable form, but also to create special rules and criteria and input their business. The system using rules automatically will generate watch schedule.

Jurkevicius, Darius; Vasilecas, Olegas

110

Context effects of cognitively involving, entertaining and enjoyable television programmes on two types of advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experiment tested the hypothesis that different types of advertisements are differentially affected by surrounding television programme contexts. Ninety participants watched one of three television programmes in which were embedded three favourably rated and persuasive advertisements and three advertisements rated low on favourabiliry and persuasiveness. Participants then responded to a series of questionnaires designed to measure perceptions of the programme

Claire E. Norris; Andrew M. Colman; Paulo A. Aleixo

111

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...certificate of inspection take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject...

2012-10-01

112

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...certificate of inspection take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject...

2011-10-01

113

Human Rights Watch: Limits of Tolerance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch has recently posted a new report. "Limits of Tolerance: Freedom of Expression and the Public Debate in Chile," examines the extreme restrictions on freedom of speech and freedom of information in the ostensibly democratic nation of Chile.

114

The power of the programme: TV programme involvement and ad viewing behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study that examined the relationship between audience involvement with particular TV programmes and the degree of attention paid to the advertisements. An in-home video-recording device was used to collect 'live' recordings of individuals as they watched television. Using a frame-by-frame analysis, the proportion of time each individual had 'eyes-on-screen' was measured for different types of programmes

Maureen Syn; Mike Brennan

2008-01-01

115

67 FR 39343 - Application of License To Enter Watches and Watch Movements Into the Customs Territory of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of License To Enter Watches and Watch Movements Into the Customs Territory of the United...its benefits. Form ITA-334P is the principal program form used for recording the operational...form is completed by watch and watch movement manufacturers and has been modified...

2002-06-07

116

Observations of Black Carbon characteristics and radiative forcing over a Global Atmosphere Watch supersite in Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an account of observed variations in Black carbon (BC) mass concentrations and BC induced radiative forcing for the first time over a background Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) site, Anmyeon in South Korea. BC concentrations were continuously measured over the site during January 2003–December 2004 periods using an Aethalometer. BC showed higher concentrations during 2003 in majority of the months (except in January, August and October). BC found to be showing higher concentrations in September 2003, with values reaching up to 3 ?g m?3 over the site. It also showed higher peaks in May and December in 2003. BC values were found to be comparatively less during wet season (July–August; especially august), which could be associated with the rainout and washout associated with the Changma season (summer monsoon). Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds (OPAC) model in combination with a radiative transfer model (SBDART) were used to estimate aerosol radiative forcing separately for composite aerosols (total aerosols) and solely for BC aerosols using chemical composition data sets of Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) and BC. The atmospheric forcing for composite aerosols found to be +14.9 to +25.9 W m?2 during spring, +13.4 to +20.4 W m?2 in summer, +12.9 to +19.1 W m?2 in autumn and +16 to +18.2 W m?2 during winter,respectively. The respective BC atmospheric forcings were +8.1 to +11.8 W m?2, +8.4 to +11.1 W m?2, +8.7 to +11.4 W m?2 and +8.8 to +11.7 W m?2 during spring, summer, autumn and winter. The study suggests that BC induced atmospheric forcing can contribute up to 88% of total aerosol induced atmospheric warming.

Panicker, A. S.; Park, Sung-Hwa; Lee, Dong-In; Kim, Dong-Chul; Jung, Woon-Seon; Jang, Sang-Min; Jeong, Jong-Hoon; Kim, Dong-Soon; Yu, Jegyu; Jeong, Harrison

2013-10-01

117

The Verification of MACC-II Global Reactive Gas Forecasts with Global Atmosphere Watch Surface Observations and Ozonesonde Measurements from the NDACC, WOUDC, NILU and SHADOZ Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate- phase II) project, funded under the 7th framework program of the European Union, provides a comprehensive monitoring and operational forecasting system for atmospheric constituents relevant to climate and air quality issues and surface solar radiation. The MACC-II forecast system is based on the global weather forecasting system operated by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) coupled with the chemistry transport models MOZART (Model for OZone and Related chemical Tracers) and TM5. On a near real time (NRT) basis observational data and forecasts, as well as reanalyses are made available for greenhouse and reactive gases, UV radiation and aerosol optical density. The sub group "VAL" is focusing on the evaluation of reactive gases, thus, stratospheric and tropospheric ozone as well as its precursors and aerosols. The GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch) network provides the ground-based observational data for the evaluation of model simulation forecast and reanalysis of the reactive gases CO and O3 at surface levels on a global scale. Contributing stations in this validation process provide their data in rapid delivery mode (within 1 day to 1 month), thus enabling a fast evaluation process. Currently, there are 12 stations providing data in Near-Real-Time. The validation process is performed online and daily updates of the results are displayed on the MACC website (http://www.gmes-atmosphere.eu/d/services/gac/verif/grg/gaw/). For the validation of stratospheric and free tropospheric ozone forecasts, balloon sonde measurements from the data bases NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change), WOUDC (World Ozone and Ultraviolet Radiation Data Centre), NILU (Norwegian Institute for Air Research) and SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional OZon Sondes) are used. Here, we will give an overview on the status and the results of this Near-Real-Time (NRT) validation of the coupled forecast system for surface O3 and CO, based on GAW observational data, as well as for stratospheric ozone based on NDACC, WOUDC, NILU and SHADOZ sonde data. This work is supported by the EU-funded project MACC-II.

Wagner, A.

2012-04-01

118

Disassembly of a Liquid Crystal Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of videos, presented by the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, deals with the disassembly of a liquid crystal watch. The experiment involves more than just involving the disassembly, the videos present the reaction of the LCD panel when exposed to things such as pressure, high temperatures, and a hot water bath. Not everything is these videos are reversible, so please use an inexpensive watch. But, other than that, this is a cheap and fun activity for any science classroom. It presents students with ways that science permeates our everyday lives.

2009-01-23

119

Whale Watching in the Gulf of Maine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a variety of teaching strategies to prepare a class for a whale watching field trip. Guidelines for recording a sighting, pictures and statistics for commonly and/or occasionally seen whales, and hints for avoiding sea sickness are included. (DH)|

Carkin, Clayton A.

1985-01-01

120

CMOS\\/SOS for electronic watch applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crystal-controlled watch circuits using CMOS\\/SOS technology will be discussed. The low-power high-speed features of this technology allows the use of less costly, high-frequency, thermally-stable, AT-cut quartz crystals. Circuits have operated at 1.4 V\\/4 MHz, consuming less than 12?W.

A. Ipri; J. Sarace

1974-01-01

121

The physics of clocks and watches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mode of operation of the component mechanisms of clocks and watches is reviewed, and the errors in timekeeping which they introduce discussed together with the steps which are taken to rectify them. A review of mechanical clocks includes a consideration of the pendulum and circular, temperature, barometric and escapement errors. Specific escapements are discussed.Spring, temperature and escapement errors in

J F W Bishop

1955-01-01

122

The Quartz Analog Watch: A Wonder Machine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes how a quartz watch works. Discusses the quartz crystal, its form, and how its frequency is set to a standard; the integrated circuit chip that drives the crystal in vibration, scales its frequency down, and forms pulses that turn the motor; and the motor that drives the gear train that turns the hands. (ZWH)|

Crane, H. Richard, Ed.

1993-01-01

123

Quartz analog watch with perpetual calendar  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Caliber ETA 252.411 with perpetual calendar, which is similar in dimensions and display to classic quartz watch movements, is described. The main characteristics are: the date display in the window is always correct (until 28 Feb. 2100); the change of time zones is operated without losing minute and second by means of a date correction at each midnight passage;

Eric Favre; Pierre Schmidli; Bruno Erni

1992-01-01

124

Should I Let My Child Watch Television?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the prevalence of autism has been increasing globally, there is a search for the causative factors behind the rise. The point of view presented here examines the possibility of children brought up in social deprivation and watching television being at higher risk for developing autistic symptoms. The association is evident in the clinical…

Bharadwaj, Balaji

2013-01-01

125

Perceptions of Learning among Swiss Watch Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore managers' perceptions of learning within a sample of Swiss watch firms. Design/methodology/approach: A purposeful (judgmental) stratified sampling method was employed, where in-depth interviews with 13 marketing managers and owners were carried out over a three-month period. Meaning units (MUs) were abstracted,…

Tajeddini, Kayhan

2009-01-01

126

Free Willy: the whale-watching legacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore contemporary issues in film tourism with reference to the growth in related tourism fields. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines the relationship between growth in dolphin and whale watching and the popularity of the Free Willy series of films. Findings – Observes that films can significantly influence aspects of ecotourism, especially

Stephen Wearing; Anne Buchmann; Chantelle Jobberns

2011-01-01

127

EarthWatch: Weather on Demand  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides weather headlines, a StormWatch center, a national forecast center, satellite and radar information, maps of current weather conditions (including temperature, wind chill, radar, and satellite images across the United States), and a hurricane and tropical storm satellite image archive. The satellite image coverage also includes Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

128

A favorite waste of time: The experience of watching TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

TV watching is one of the most important ways of spending leisure time, the average daily watching time in the Swedish population is about 141 minutes – about 15 % of non-sleep time. Yet, there is little research on the psychological processes taking place while watching TV. In the present study using still-relevant data from a 1985-86 data base, the

Lennart Sjöberg; Rutger Magneberg

2006-01-01

129

70 FR 53332 - Application of License To Enter Watches and Watch Movements Into the Customs Territory of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Application of License To Enter Watches and Watch Movements Into the Customs Territory of the United States (Proposed...equitable distribution of its benefits. Form ITA-334P is the principal program form used for recording operational data which...

2005-09-08

130

Programmable Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of important innovations are creating a paradigm shift in networking leading to higher levels of network programmability. These innovations include the separation between transmission hardware and control software, availability of open programmable network interfaces and the accelerated virtualization of networking infrastructure. The ability to rapidly create, deploy and manage new network services in response to user demands is

Andrew T. Campbell; Michael E. Kounavis; John B. Vicente

2001-01-01

131

Rescue-facilitating communicating wrist watch  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A rescue-facilitating, preferably water resistant communicating wrist watch. A housing is attachable to a user's wrist by a wristband with a microprocessor is disposed therein. A display is provided in communication with the microprocessor and has at least one visible data field. A communication module for transmitting at least one message is provided and connected to the microprocessor and has at least one antenna and a transceiver. A user-activated interface allows the user to select at least one message for transmission, preferably an emergency call for help on at least one preselected frequency. The interface preferably allows the user to control the display and the data displayed thereon. The watch may include a memory module in communication with the microprocessor, adapted to store a plurality of pre-recorded messages for selection of one or more and transmission by the communication module upon selection via the user-activated interface.

2011-11-15

132

What Can I Watch on TV Tonight?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the methods used in a TV Recommender System that helps users in the difficult task of finding an interesting\\u000a TV program from among the hundreds of channels that we can find nowadays on TV. Our aim is to cover not only user preferences\\u000a but also user restrictions while watching TV. The recommendations use a hybrid method, combining

David Bueno; Ricardo Conejo; David Martín; Jorge León; Javier G. Recuenco

2008-01-01

133

Quartz analog watch with perpetual calendar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Caliber ETA 252.411 with perpetual calendar, which is similar in dimensions and display to classic quartz watch movements, is described. The main characteristics are: the date display in the window is always correct (until 28 Feb. 2100); the change of time zones is operated without losing minute and second by means of a date correction at each midnight passage; and the use of nonvolatile memories for information concerning the perpetual calendar allows an easy time resetting after change of battery.

Favre, Eric; Schmidli, Pierre; Erni, Bruno

134

Australian Weather Watch Radar Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology's Weather Watch Radar website provides up-to-date radar images of the locations of rain in Australia in relation to local features such as coast lines. The newly developed Loops provide four consecutive radar images so that users can view how the weather has been changing in the last forty to fifty minutes. The website provides radar images of past cyclone events as well as updates on severe weather throughout Australia. Those interested in radar systems can discover how the weather radars work and how to interpret the maps. [RME

135

Star Watching Promoted by the Ministry of the Environment, Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1987 the author suggested to Japanese government authorities to promote star watching as a means of campaigning for the prevention of air pollution. The “Star Watching” program still continues today. Recently, it became a campaign not only for the prevention of air pollution, but also a campaign to educate about light pollution, energy-saving, and the reduction of greenhouse gas. This paper summarizes twenty years of activity in the “Star Watching” program.

Sakuma, S.

2012-06-01

136

Watching People Watching Television: What Goes on in Front of the TV Set?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An observational study of families watching television was conducted in six households, using a video camera. Results show that family members were absent for substantial proportions of the time the television set was in operation, and when present, for most of the time did not pay full attention. Thirteen tables depict information. (AEF)|

Gunter, Barrie; And Others

1995-01-01

137

Sleep, Sleepiness, and Neurobehavioral Performance While on Watch in a Simulated 4 Hours on/8 Hours off Maritime Watch System.  

PubMed

Seafarer sleepiness jeopardizes safety at sea and has been documented as a direct or contributing factor in many maritime accidents. This study investigates sleep, sleepiness, and neurobehavioral performance in a simulated 4?h on/8?h off watch system as well as the effects of a single free watch disturbance, simulating a condition of overtime work, resulting in 16?h of work in a row and a missed sleep opportunity. Thirty bridge officers (age 30?±?6 yrs; 29 men) participated in bridge simulator trials on an identical 1-wk voyage in the North Sea and English Channel. The three watch teams started respectively with the 00-04, the 04-08, and the 08-12 watches. Participants rated their sleepiness every hour (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale [KSS]) and carried out a 5-min psychomotor vigilance test (PVT) test at the start and end of every watch. Polysomnography (PSG) was recorded during 6 watches in the first and the second half of the week. KSS was higher during the first (mean?±?SD: 4.0?±?0.2) compared with the second (3.3?±?0.2) watch of the day (p?watch (p?watch (4.1?±?0.2). The free watch disturbance increased KSS profoundly (p?watch of the day (p?watch (289?±?6?ms) compared with the start (281?±?6?ms; p?=?0.001). The free watch disturbance increased reaction times (p?watches. Sleep on watch was most abundant in the team working 00-04 and it increased following the free watch disturbance. This study reveals that-within a 4?h on/8?h off shift system-subjective and objective sleepiness peak during the night and early morning watches, coinciding with a time frame in which relatively many maritime accidents occur. In addition, we showed that overtime work strongly increases sleepiness. Finally, a striking amount of participants fell asleep while on duty. PMID:23879695

van Leeuwen, Wessel M A; Kircher, Albert; Dahlgren, Anna; Lützhöft, Margareta; Barnett, Mike; Kecklund, Göran; Akerstedt, Torbjörn

2013-07-23

138

Improving recommendations using WatchingNetworks in a social tagging system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to examine whether users' watching networks can improve collaborative filtering-based recommendations (CF). Watching networks are established by users upon their perceived usefulness or interests about other users' information collections. The networks do not require mutual agreement between a watching party and a watched party. The typical example of this network is 'following' in Twitter, 'watching' on CiteULike,

Danielle H. Lee; Peter Brusilovsky

2011-01-01

139

Examining What Older Adults Read and Watch on TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reading and television preferences of 58 adults over 65 and 39 younger adults were compared. More younger people watched entertainment programs. More older blacks than whites read religious materials and watched TV for news; more older whites read leisure materials and viewed entertainment. More older people disliked TV violence. Overall, most…

Scales, Alice M.

1996-01-01

140

Frequency of College Students' Night-Sky Watching Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N = 112) completed the Noctcaelador Inventory, a measure of psychological attachment to the night-sky, and estimated various night-sky watching related activities: frequency and duration of night-sky watching, astro-tourism, ownership of night-sky viewing equipment, and attendance of observatories or planetariums. The results…

Kelly, William E.; Kelly, Kathryn E.; Batey, Jason

2006-01-01

141

Gender Roles and Night-Sky Watching among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the relationship between gender roles and night-sky watching in a sample of college students (N=161). The Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Noctcaelador Inventory (NI) were used to investigate the differences between gender role groups for night-sky watching. The results supported the hypothesis that androgynous…

Kelly, William E.; McGee, Catherine M.

2012-01-01

142

What Children Talk About While They Watch Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored what children talk about when they watch television as a means of learning more about how and why children verbally encode information. Preschool and third-grade children watched four animated television programs that varied in amount of dialog (one high-dialog, two moderate, and one no-dialog). Their comments while viewing…

Rice, Mabel

143

Optimal Selection of TV Shows for Watching and Recording  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we address a problem from the area of personalized electronic program guides (EPGs), concerning the selection of a number of TV shows for watching and recording, given a number of available tuners, such that the total value of the selected shows is maximized. Furthermore, the shows selected for watching are to be scheduled in a given time

Wim F. J. Verhaegh

144

Human Rights Watch World Report 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch issued their annual world report last week, summarizing the state of human rights in 66 countries around the globe. Written with the clarity and detail that marked previous annual issues, this year's report is distinguished by its note of guarded optimism. The report cites two main trends as evidence of a partial dismantling of national sovereignty as an impenetrable defense for human rights violators: international courts are increasingly attempting to bring sovereign leaders to justice and nations are more willing to act in concert against a single nation to oppose human rights violations. Separate sections of the report address special topics, such as academic freedom, child soldiers, the international campaign to ban landmines, and lesbian and gay rights.

Human Rights Watch (Organization).

145

Excessive TV watching in patients with frontotemporal dementia.  

PubMed

The "environmental dependency syndrome" refers to a loss of personal autonomy such that a person's environment almost entirely controls their actions. The goal of this study is to learn if patients with frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) exhibit prolonged TV watching, a behavior which may be a symptom of environmental dependency. We recruited 40 patients with FTD and 48 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and asked these participants' caregivers about TV watching behaviors including total viewing time and channel/show preference, along with other behaviors indicative of environmental dependency. Compared to AD patients, FTD patients watched TV for a longer time. In addition, the patients who watched more TV showed more signs of environmental dependency. Increased TV watching may be a sign of environmental dependency, however further research is needed to explore other hypotheses. PMID:22827619

Shin, Ji Soo; Kim, Michael Sunmin; Kim, Nicholas Sunyong; Kim, Geon Ha; Seo, Sang Won; Kim, Eun-Joo; Heilman, Kenneth M; Na, Duk L

2012-07-25

146

63 FR 10001 - Application of License To Enter Watches and Watch Movements Into the Customs Territory of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Application of License To Enter Watches and Watch Movements Into the Customs Territory of the United States ACTION: Proposed...equitable distribution of its benefits. Form ITA-334P is the principal program form used for recording the annual operational...

1998-02-27

147

Watching The Daily Show in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global distribution of a popular American television programme – Jon Stewart's Daily Show – offers a rare opportunity to examine transnational contingencies of meaning in political satire. Drawing on focus group discussions in Kenya, this analysis shows how some East Africans appropriated and reinterpreted – indeed unexpectedly subverted – The Daily Show's political content, deriving from it insights that Stewart

Angelique Haugerud; Dillon Mahoney; Meghan Ference

2012-01-01

148

Characterising Radon Emanations from Radium-Dial Watches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research during the latter half of 2011 has indicated that in addition to the hazard arising from the radium content of radium-dial watches, significant radon concentrations that exceed the UK Domestic and Workplace Action Levels of 200 Bq/m3 and 400 Bq/m3, respectively, can arise from watches stored in the built environment (1). In an extension to that earlier research, the radon emanations from the watches are being investigated in order to evaluate the radon hazard and the effective radium content of the watches. These radon measurements are made by placing the watches in a sealed chamber in a closed loop with a Durridge RAD7. We report here preliminary results from this ongoing investigation which suggest that radon emanation is not necessarily a straightforward function of radium content, as anticipated, but also depends on chamber temperature and humidity impacting upon watch-dependent factors such as design, construction, materials and wear-and-tear. Reference. 1. Gillmore G K, Crockett R G M, Denman A R, Flowers A, Harris R; Radium dial watches, a potentially hazardous legacy? Environment International. 45, 91-98. 2012. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2012.03.013.

Crockett, Robin; Gillmore, Gavin

2013-04-01

149

Watching outside while under a carpet cloak of invisibility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate in this work a unique approach for watching outside while hiding in a carpet cloaking based on transformation optics. Unlike conventional carpet cloaking, which screens all the incident electromagnetic waves, we break the cloak and allow incident light get into the carpet. Hence outside information is detected inside the cloak. To recover the invisible cloaking, complementary techniques are applied in the broken space. Consequently, a hiding-inside and watching-outside (HIWO) carpet cloak is sewed, which works as an invisible cloaking and allows surveillance of the outside at the same time. Our work provides a strategy for an ideal cloak with “hiding” and “watching” functions simultaneously.

Zhao, Jin-Zhu; Wang, De-Lin; Peng, Ru-Wen; Hu, Qing; Wang, Mu

2011-10-01

150

Human Rights Watch World Report 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch issued their annual world report yesterday, summarizing the state of human rights in 70 countries around the globe. Written with the clarity and detail that have marked previous annual issues, this year's report offers both good and bad news. On the positive side, it notes the popular overthrow of the Milosevic regime in Yugoslavia, the conclusion of a treaty barring the use of children as soldiers, and the UN Commission on Human Rights's first formal criticism of a permanent member of the UN Security Council (Russia, for its abuses in Chechnya). On the negative, the report cites the continued failure of the UN Commission to condemn China and the failure of the US to require the Colombian army to sever ties with paramilitaries as a condition for the recent huge military aid package to that country. The report begins with an essay on the global economy and then covers human rights developments by region. Separate sections of the report address special topics such as academic freedom, censorship, access to education, children's rights, and women's human rights. The report is available in both HTML and .rtf (zipped or uncompressed) formats.

151

"Walking and watching" in queer London: Sarah Waters' Tipping The Velvet and The Night Watch.  

PubMed

This article argues that Sarah Waters' representation of London in her historical fictions Tipping the Velvet and The Night Watch is used to delineate the gendered bodies and sexual identities of her characters. A historical summary demonstrates that female masculinity was slowly mapped onto sexual identity between the 1880s and 1940s in Britain. The article argues that Waters' "inventive" use of this history allows her to question the construction of both historical and contemporary identifications. The way that Waters' characters are constricted and liberated by London's urban landscape demonstrates the spatial and temporal contingency of both gender and sexuality. PMID:23855943

Wood, Rachel

2013-01-01

152

Climatology of new particle formation events in the subtropical North Atlantic free troposphere at Izańa GAW observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A climatology of new particle formation (NPF) events in the subtropical North Atlantic free troposphere is presented. A four year data set (June 2008-June 2012), which includes number size distributions (10-600 nm), reactive gases (SO2, NOx, and O3), several components of solar radiation and meteorological parameters, measured at Izańa Global Atmospheric Watch observatory (2400 m above sea level; Tenerife, Canary Islands) was analysed. On average, NPF occurred during 30% of the days,the mean values of the formation and growth rates during the study period were 0.49 cm-3 s-1 and 0.42 nm h-1, correspondingly. There is a clearly marked NPF season (May to August), when these events account for 50 to 60% of the days/month. Monthly mean values of the formation and growth rates exhibit higher values during this season (0.50-0.95 cm-3 s-1 and 0.48-0.58 nm h-1, respectively) than during other periods. The two steps (formation and growth) of the NPF process mostly occur under the prevailing northern winds typical of this region. Sulphur dioxide and UV radiation show higher levels during NPF events than in other type of episodes. The presence of Saharan dust in the free troposphere is associated with a decrease in the formation rates of new particles. In the analysis of the year-to-year variability, mean sulphur dioxide concentration (within the range 60-300 ppt) was the parameter that exhibited the highest correlation with the frequency of NPF episodes. The availability of this trace gas (i.e. their oxidation products) seems also to have a influence on the duration of the events, number of formed nucleation particles, formation rates and growth rates. We identified a set of NPF events in which two nucleation modes (that may evolve at different rates) occur simultaneously and for which further investigations are necessary.

García, M. I.; Rodríguez, S.; González, Y.; García, R. D.

2013-09-01

153

33 CFR 157.168 - Crew member: Main deck watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) POLLUTION RULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.168 Crew member: Main deck watch. During COW...

2013-07-01

154

MedWatch: Managing Risks at the FDA  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... of cerebrovascular problems, including stroke, in elderly people with ... to the agency and we want to get ... Just visit the MedWatch home page at www ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers

155

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a...suicide, or (2) Arrange for the inmate's transfer to a medical referral center or health care...

2013-07-01

156

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2009-07-01

157

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2010-07-01

158

Flammable gas project: Criteria for flammable gas watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

The Flammable Gas Watch List is the listing of tanks that are subject to the provisions of Public Law 101-510, Section 3137, ``Safety Measures for Waste Tanks at Hanford Nuclear Reservation`` (Appendix A). Tanks on the Flammable Gas Watch List are judged to have a serious potential for release of high-level waste due to the ignition of flammable gases released from the waste in the tank. The purpose of this document is to provide criteria for identifying and categorizing the Hanford Site high4evel waste tanks to be included on the Flammable Gas Watch List. This document also provides criteria on which to base a recommendation to remove tanks from the Flammable Gas Watch List.

Cash, R.J.

1997-01-29

159

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2012-10-01

160

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2011-10-01

161

To watch or not to watch? That is the question. Identifying the common characteristics of the reality television viewing audience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reality television shows are increasingly appearing on network and cable outlets each sea¬son. Not only are they advancing in number, they are consistently dominating the weekly Nielsen’s Top 10 ratings as well. This study seeks to identify the reality television show viewing audience, why captivated their interest to begin watching these shows and what kept them watching week-to-week. By identifying

Laura Sipple

2008-01-01

162

The Impact of the National Family Planning Programme on the Quality of Care in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past 10 years studies conducted on the quality of family planning services have examined the strengths and weaknesses of family planning in many developing countries. China's national family planning programme in the past two decades has achieved extremely successful benchmarks, and accelerated the pace of fertility transi tion. It is one of the world's most closely watched family

Xiaoming Sun

2000-01-01

163

Pre-Learning Low-Frequency Vocabulary in Second Language Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the potential of pre-learning frequently occurring low-frequency vocabulary as a means to increase comprehension of television and incidental vocabulary learning through watching television. Eight television programmes, each representing different television genres, were analysed using the RANGE program to determine the 10…

Webb, Stuart

2010-01-01

164

NewsWatch: A Consumer's Guide to the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).

165

Watch - a low-cost, secure-item monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a remote sensor package that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Originally, the package was intended for use in valve monitoring, but it is now possible to use it in any sensor application where hardwire installation is impractical or uneconomical. Full system implementation includes a receiver/controller which correlates the arrival time of RF signals generated by item-monitoring transmitters to increase communication security. Wireless Alarm Transmission of Contained Handling (WATCH) is such a system. One important application of WATCH is in storage vaults where there are a number of material containers. Applying WATCH to inventory control reduces inventory workload and employee exposure rates; the system also provides quick access to inventory information by interfacing the system with plant site computer systems.

Sanderson, S.N.

1987-07-01

166

It's About Time:Mark Twain's ``My Watch'' and Relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over three decades before Einstein's year of miracles, the American humorist Mark Twain published an essay titled ``My Watch,''1 in which he recounts his experiences with a previously reliable pocket watch and those who tried to rehabilitate it. He begins his essay by confessing his first error: My beautiful new watch had run eighteen months without losing or gaining, and without breaking any part of its machinery or stopping. I had come to believe it infallible in its judgments about the time of day, and to consider its constitution and its anatomy imperishable. But at last, one night, I let it run down. I grieved about it as if it were a recognized messenger and forerunner of calamity. Twain then sets the watch by guess, and takes it to the ``chief jeweler's to set it by the exact time.'' To Twain's dismay, the jeweler insists on opening it up and adjusting the regulator inside the watch, and the watch begins to gain time. It gained faster and faster day by day. Within a week it sickened to a raging fever, and its pulse went up to a hundred and fifty in the shade. At the end of two months, it had left all the timepieces of the town far in the rear, and was a fraction over thirteen days ahead of the almanac. It was away into November enjoying the snow, while the October leaves were still turning. It hurried up house rent, bills payable, and such things, in such a ruinous way that I could not abide it.

Henderson, Hugh

2005-09-01

167

WomenWatch: Feature on Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Millions of women around the world live with disabilities, and this site from the United Nations' Women Watch initiative provides information on this particular group of individuals. On this site, visitors can learn about the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and also look over a related fact sheet about girls and women with disabilities. Visitors should also look over the "Resources" section, which includes links to online materials from other UN websites, including the Regional Commission for Asia and the Pacific and the World Health Organization. Finally, visitors can also watch a webcast of the United Nations committee Ad Hoc Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

168

A Neighborhood Watch Program for Inner-City School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a multimethod study of a neighborhood watch program designed to protect inner city school children from violence while traveling from home and school. Analysis indicated that in addition to contributing to perceptions of enhanced safety, the program also served to improve the quality of neighborhood interaction. Discusses implications…

Salcido, Ramon M.; Ornelas, Vincent; Garcia, John A.

2002-01-01

169

Trash Trends, Level 3. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

170

Trash Treasures, Level 5. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

171

Watch Out for Children: A Mothers' Statement to Advertisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report explains that all adults must watch out for all children, cautioning that marketing is harmful to children. Advertisers are aggressively targeting age groups that, until recently, have been considered off-limits and occupying more of children's psychic and physical space. The report presents a commitment by mothers to all children to…

Institute for American Values, New York, NY.

172

Failure analysis of zirconia ceramic watch bracelet components  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the failure of one particular design of component used in the production of ceramic bracelets for watches. A ceramic bracelet is made up of many ceramic “links”. The ceramic link components are interconnected using a metal skeletal frame to produce the bracelet. However, in service a number of the ceramic link components experienced fracture and subsequently failure.

J. Kuebler; G. Blugan

2011-01-01

173

Beginning Bird-Watching: New Programming Ideas Made More Affordable.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through corporate support, a bird-watching program was implemented at a summer camp for underprivileged New York City children. The program featured oversized flashcards containing color photos and facts about each bird, instruction on use of binoculars, and a hands-on experience in which campers used binoculars to identify bird cards placed in…

Strauss, Mitchell

1994-01-01

174

Trash Trends, Level 3. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

175

Watch Out for Children: A Mothers' Statement to Advertisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report explains that all adults must watch out for all children, cautioning that marketing is harmful to children. Advertisers are aggressively targeting age groups that, until recently, have been considered off-limits and occupying more of children's psychic and physical space. The report presents a commitment by mothers to all children to…

Institute for American Values, New York, NY.

176

Litter Pollution, Level 2. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

177

Long Lake Whale Watch: Outdoor Education Comes Alive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Promotes the experiential learning benefits of outdoor education. Describes the experiences of students in grades 4-6 who planned, raised funds for, and participated in a field trip that included a visit to the New England Aquarium, a whale watch cruise, and camping on Cape Cod during a tropical storm. (LP)|

Briggs, James N.

1993-01-01

178

Porch Talk: Reading "Their Eyes Were Watching God."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a four-week unit of study for an 11th-grade honors class on Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." Notes how they listened to the novel on audiocassette; discussed it in "Porch Groups"; reflected on what they read and heard in their notebooks; responded to each other's entries during Notebook Swaps; and invited a visiting…

Garrigues, Lisa

2003-01-01

179

Moon Watch: A Parental-Involvement Homework Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the goals, philosophy, and methods of the SPLASH (Student-Parent Laboratories Achieving Science at Home) program. Describes an at-home, parental-involvement activity called Moon Watch in which students and their parents observe how the phases of the moon and the moon's position in the sky change over a two-week period. (WRM)

Rillero, Peter; Gonzalez-Jensen, Margarita; Moy, Tracy

2000-01-01

180

Time Teachers Spend Reading Versus Time They Spend Watching TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Predicated on the assumption that if teachers are to have a positive influence on the reading and television viewing habits of their students it is important for them to be aware of their own reading and viewing habits, a study was conducted to determine whether teachers spent more time reading or watching television. Fifty-six teachers in an…

Vieth, Mary

181

Summary of information on flammable gas watch list tanks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document compiles and summarizes available, relevant information pertaining to Hanford Site waste tanks designated as Flammable Gas Watch List (FGWL) tanks. There are four primary objectives of this document. First, it provides summary data, including surface level readings, chemical composition, and temperature readings for each FGWL tank. This document also is intended to be used as a source of

Brager

1994-01-01

182

Autumn Hawk Migration: Activities for a Schoolyard Hawk Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests activities for the study of hawk migration: development of identification skills using the accompanying flying hawk silhouettes, photographs, and drawings; binocular spotting games; selection and outfitting of a hawk watching station; follow-up map study; ecological and historical perspectives. (NEC)

Highsmith, R. Tod

1980-01-01

183

Beyond the Mussel Watch — new directions for monitoring marine pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing numbers and types of potential pollutants in the world oceans calls for novel strategies for their assays. The ‘Mussel Watch’ well served the latter decades of the 20th century. For the immediate future, individual assays of the chemicals of concern should be replaced by the analyses of groups of pollutants which have a common impact upon marine organisms.

Edward D Goldberg; Kathe K Bertine

2000-01-01

184

African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

2004-01-01

185

A ‘Basement’ Cinephilia. Indian Diaspora women watch Bollywood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article results from survey?based research on the actual and situated viewing practices of Indian diaspora women who watch Bollywood. I argue that they thereby construct – and not merely consume – new definitions of national and diasporic identity and motherhood through this mediation. Further, I argue that the personal and communal identities constructed by diaspora female Bollywood?watchers are not

Nandini Bhattacharya

2004-01-01

186

Does Watching Court TV `Cultivate' People's Perceptions of Crime?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we aim to determine people's motives for watching Court TV and whether this is related to their perceptions of crime. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 305 adults (18 plus) in the vicinities of Boston and New York. Inspired by Greenberg's and Rubin's television viewing motives scales, we developed a Court TV viewing motives scale.

Patti M. Valkenburg; Marquérite Patiwael

1998-01-01

187

New Knit Watch Cap: A Design and Field Evaluation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Navy Clothing and Textile Research Facility (NCTRF) conducted a field evaluation study of a knit watch cap made of 100% wool and with a process representative of many hat manufacturers throughout the related specialty knitting trade to determine its f...

M. W. Pine

1977-01-01

188

Boosters Barred from Recruiting; Coaches' Income to Be Watched.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues addressed at the National Collegiate Athletic Association meeting include banning boosters and alumni from recruitment activities, closer scrutiny of coaches' income, distribution of complimentary game passes, a rule prohibiting a college coach from watching his son's high school football games, improvement of regulation enforcement, and…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1987

1987-01-01

189

Watch TV Upside Down on a Piece of Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this optics activity, learners use a television to generate an image with a magnifying glass. Learners will be surprised to see how they can watch TV on a piece of paper, albeit upside down! Use this activity to demonstrate the behavior of light refraction and reflection.

Cobb, Vicki; Cobb, Josh

2008-01-01

190

MUSSEL WATCH: INTERCOMPARISON OF TRACE LEVEL CONSTITUENT DETERMINATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. National Mussel Watch Program initially used split-sample analyses for interlaboratory quality control purposes. These indicated the possibility of interlaboratory analytical discrepancies as well as problems in the split-sample technique itself. For the third year of th...

191

Watching Television in Australia: A Story of Innocence and Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The excitement and naiveté of early viewers have become central to narratives of the Australian viewing past. These stories are of simpler times when the pleasure of watching television was unmediated by modern self-consciousness and cynicism. This popular way of 'remembering' television seems both natural and inevitable, but its role as a discursive strategy is highlighted by the alacrity with

Susan Bye

192

Cable Television Watching Habits of the Youth in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the expansion of Cable Television service to much of the nation over the past six years, concern has grown about the Cable TV watching habits of the youth in Pakistan. This study is aimed at collecting precise data to analyze the \\

Anjum Zia

193

Excessive TV watching in patients with frontotemporal dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “environmental dependency syndrome” refers to a loss of personal autonomy such that a person's environment almost entirely controls their actions. The goal of this study is to learn if patients with frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) exhibit prolonged TV watching, a behavior which may be a symptom of environmental dependency. We recruited 40 patients with FTD and 48 patients with Alzheimer's

Ji Soo Shin; Michael Sunmin Kim; Nicholas Sunyong Kim; Geon Ha Kim; Sang Won Seo; Eun-Joo Kim; Kenneth M. Heilman; Duk L. Na

2012-01-01

194

Profile Generation from TV Watching Behavior Using Sentiment Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a method for generating user profile from user's TV watching behavior using sentiment analysis. Personalized technologies such as information recommendation are currently hot topic of Web intelligence. Among them, TV program recommendation is expected to be one of the practical applications in near future, as digital TV service and partner robots providing personalized support are getting into

Yasufumi Takama; Y. Muto

2007-01-01

195

33 CFR 401.60 - Listening watch and notice of arrival.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Radio Communications § 401.60 Listening watch and notice of arrival. (a) Vessels shall be on radio listening watch on the applicable assigned frequency while...

2013-07-01

196

Evaluation of Digital Liquid Crystal Display Quartz Movement Watches for Military/Government Use.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PRAM Program Office conducted an evaluation to determine the feasibility of replacing mechanical analog watches with a commercially marketed quartz crystal digital display watch for those military and civilian personnel who normally use a government i...

C. Forzono D. Gunning D. Stevens G. Boughton L. E. Ulman

1979-01-01

197

Custom, Adjudication, and Petrushevsky’s Watch: Some Notes from the Intellectual Property Front  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Russian absurdist writer Daniil Kharms told the following story about Pushkin: Once Petrushevsky broke his watch and sent for Pushkin. Pushkin came, looked at Petrushevsky's watch, and put it back on the chair. \\

Stephen L. Carter

1992-01-01

198

Terrorist Watch List Screening: Efforts to Help Reduce Adverse Effects on the Public.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A consolidated watch list managed by the FBI's Terrorist Screening Center (TSC) contains the names of known or suspected terrorists, both international and domestic. Various agencies whose missions require screening for links to terrorism use watch list r...

2006-01-01

199

The Global Economic Impact of Manta Ray Watching Tourism  

PubMed Central

As manta rays face increased threats from targeted and bycatch fisheries, manta ray watching tourism, if managed properly, may present an attractive economic alternative to consumptive use of these species. Both species in the genus Manta (Manta alfredi and Manta birostris) are classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List as species Vulnerable to extinction in the wild, and are considered unsustainable as fisheries resources due to their conservative life history characteristics, which considerably reduce their ability to recover population numbers when depleted. Utilising dive operator surveys, Internet research, and a literature review, this study provides the first global estimate of the direct economic impact of manta ray watching tourism and examines the potential socio-economic benefits of non-consumptive manta ray watching operations relative to consumptive use of manta rays as a fishery resource. In the 23 countries in which manta ray watching operations meeting our criteria were identified, we estimated direct revenue to dive operators from manta ray dives and snorkels at over US$73 million annually and direct economic impact, including associated tourism expenditures, of US$140 million annually. Ten countries account for almost 93% of the global revenue estimate, specifically Japan, Indonesia, the Maldives, Mozambique, Thailand, Australia, Mexico, United States, Federated States of Micronesia and Palau. In many of the areas where directed fisheries for manta rays are known to occur, these activities overlap with manta ray tourism sites or the migratory range of the mantas on which these sites depend, and are likely to be unsustainable and detrimental to manta ray watching tourism.

O'Malley, Mary P.; Lee-Brooks, Katie; Medd, Hannah B.

2013-01-01

200

Globe Watch. Teachers' Guide for Globe Watch IV: Mexico, Canada, Finland, Japan, the Arms Race, the Iran-Iraq War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To enhance the use of the Globe Watch IV public television series, produced jointly by Hampden-Sydney College (Virginia) and the University of North Carolina Center for Public Television, each lesson in this guide provides: (1) a statement of the objective of the program; (2) a synopsis of the issue discussed; (3) background information; (4)…

Turner, Ginny

201

Watching your weight? The relations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating in young girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although previous research showed that the thin ideal provided by the media affects body image and eating behaviour in young children, less is known about specific media contents that are related to body image and eating behaviour. This study tested the associations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating directly, and indirectly through thin ideal

Doeschka Anschutz; Rutger Engels; J. F. J. van Leeuwe; Tatjana van Strien

2009-01-01

202

33 CFR 80.155 - Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY. 80.155 Section 80.155 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Atlantic Coast § 80.155 Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY. (a) A line drawn from Watch Hill Light to East Point...

2013-07-01

203

The Gesture Watch: A Wireless Contact-free Gesture based Wrist Interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the Gesture Watch, a mobile wireless device worn on a user's wrist that allows hand gesture control of other devices. The Gesture Watch utilizes an array of infrared proximity sensors to sense hand gestures made over the device and interprets the gestures using hidden Markov models. The Gesture Watch maps intuitive gross hand gestures to control signals such

Jungsoo Kim; Jiasheng He; Kent Lyons; Thad Starner

2007-01-01

204

47 CFR 80.303 - Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). 80.303 Section 80.303... § 80.303 Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). (a) During its hours...discontinuing the watch, or in the case of new stations, at least thirty days...

2011-10-01

205

47 CFR 80.303 - Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). 80.303 Section 80.303... § 80.303 Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). (a) During its hours...discontinuing the watch, or in the case of new stations, at least thirty days...

2012-10-01

206

Losing Sleep to Watch the Night-Sky: The Relationship between Sleep-Length and Noctcaelador  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of history, humans have been watching the night-sky (Hawkins, 1983). Historically, individuals have watched the night-sky for aesthetic appreciation and to gain insights and knowledge (Brecher & Feirtag, 1979). Despite the long history of night-sky watching among humans and the apparent importance of the behavior to large groups of…

Kelly, William E.; Rose, Callie

2005-01-01

207

Effects of sleep loss and stress upon radar watching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied detection performance in a 40-min radar-watching task using 2 matched groups of 20 soldiers each. The experimental group was deprived of sleep for 78 hrs, and both groups were then subjected to stress induced by unpleasant electric shocks. It was hypothesized that the effects of sleep loss and stress oppose each other through de-arousing and overarousing, respectively. Results indicate

Bengt Bergstrom; Mats Gillberg; Peter Arnberg

1973-01-01

208

The experience of watching dance: phenomenological–neuroscience duets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses possible correspondences between neuroscientific findings and phenomenologically informed methodologies\\u000a in the investigation of kinesthetic empathy in watching dance. Interest in phenomenology has recently increased in cognitive\\u000a science (Gallagher and Zahavi 2008) and dance scholars have recently contributed important new insights into the use of phenomenology in dance studies (e.g.\\u000a Legrand and Ravn (Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

Corinne Jola; Shantel Ehrenberg; Dee Reynolds

209

Ethiopia: Human Rights Watch Report, 2/5/98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The African Studies Center site at the University of Pennsylvania has posted this 1997 report on the political and social condition of Ethiopia. It is an announcement released by Human Rights Watch (HRW)/Africa in December 1997, which criticizes "the failure of the Ethiopian government to live up to its professed commitment to human rights, and calling on the US in particular to put pressure for the government to live up to its human rights obligations."

1998-01-01

210

How you “act your age” when you watch TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans watch a great deal of television. But the factors traditionally considered to determine or explain television usage—availability of free time, low income or class status, low education, emotional difficulties, and lack of structured social interactions—are not generalizable across the adult life span. The television viewing of people over the age of 30 has been understudied—a research bias that mirrors

Mary Chayko

1993-01-01

211

Evaluating the Completeness and Accuracy of MedWatch Data.  

PubMed

The Food and Drug Administration's MedWatch system-a voluntary surveillance program-received 600,000 adverse event reports on marketed drugs and devices in 2011. The Food and Drug Administration credits the MedWatch system with improving awareness, and expediting early detection, of drug and device risks and in illuminating the adoption of medical treatments. Reporting bias has been acknowledged as a limitation of the MedWatch system. No systematic assessment of the accuracy and completeness of adverse event reporting has been conducted, yet inaccurate adverse event reporting may lead drug safety professionals to draw incorrect conclusions, manufacturers may be wrongly forced to suspend and withdraw medications and interventions, health professionals may mistakenly alter their clinical practices, and patients may be denied safe and effective treatments. In 2011, the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development gathered and analyzed 10.2 million adverse event reports filed with the MedWatch system. Patient information was generally complete and accurate. Suspect product information, on the other hand, showed high levels of incomplete and inaccurate data. Start and end dates of suspect product use had 37% and 23% completion rates, respectively. Dosage level was completed only 31% of the time, and product lot numbers had only a 9% completion rate. More than 25% of the names of reported suspect products were inaccurate, and 31% of suspect product start dates were inaccurate. Higher levels of completion and accuracy were associated with reports filed closer to the date when the adverse event was observed. Implications of the results and suggested improvements are discussed. PMID:23011177

Getz, Kenneth A; Stergiopoulos, Stella; Kaitin, Kenneth I

2012-09-24

212

Edit while watching: home video editing made easy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, more and more people capture their experiences in home videos. However, home video editing still is a difficult and time-consuming task. We present the Edit While Watching system that allows users to automatically create and change a summary of a home video in an easy, intuitive and lean-back way. Based on content analysis, video is indexed, segmented, and combined with proper music and editing effects. The result is an automatically generated home video summary that is shown to the user. While watching it, users can indicate whether they like certain content, so that the system will adapt the summary to contain more content that is similar or related to the displayed content. During the video playback users can also modify and enrich the content, seeing immediately the effects of their changes. Edit While Watching does not require a complex user interface: a TV and a few keys of a remote control are sufficient. A user study has shown that it is easy to learn and to use, even if users expressed the need for more control in the editing operations and in the editing process.

Campanella, Marco; Weda, Hans; Barbieri, Mauro

2007-01-01

213

Water watch. [streamflow conditions in US and hydropower generation  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] describes streamflow conditions across the US for January and February. In addition, the department focuses on the availability of water from April through July along rivers in the US. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service. Handar has then collected and analyzed these data. For purposes of providing this information, the US is divided into six regions as indicated on the accompanying figure and table. The data presented in the Hydropower Generation Report can be used to observe how past streamflow conditions affected hydro generation.

Not Available

1991-04-01

214

Regional Development Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Broad-focusing development programmes at a regional level have been a major thrust by governments of developing countries over the last three decades. Most of the programmes addressed here have been entirely or partly financed by donor agencies. They have tended to concentrate on augmenting activities of government line agencies, and have mainly emphasized physical and social infrastructure, standardized support facilities

Reidar Dale

2000-01-01

215

Economic tradeoffs in the Gulf of Maine ecosystem: Herring and whale-watching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research attempts to quantify some of the effects of localized depletion of herring by examining the search times of commercial whale-watching vessels. Whale-watching vessels are indirect users of herring; whales feed on herring and may disperse when prey availability is low. A dataset of daily whale-watching outcomes is combined with fishing effort and oceanographic data to test the hypothesis

Min-Yang Lee

2010-01-01

216

The television will be revolutionized: effects of PVRs and filesharing on television watching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates television-watching practices amongst early adopters of personal hard-disk video recorders (PVRs such as TiVo tm ) and Internet downloading of shows. Through in-depth interviews with early adopters, we describe how the rhythms of television watching change when decoupled from broadcast TV. For both the PVR users and downloaders TV watching has become less of a passive process,

Barry Brown; Louise Barkhuus

2006-01-01

217

Decent Work Pilot Programme  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New from the International Labour Organization, the Decent Work Pilot Programme was mandated in October 2000 "to develop and test methods to design effective country programmes and policies to promote decent work." Decent work is defined as the ability to "to secure work to sustain themselves and their families in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity," however the ILO allows each country to define what these elements mean in terms of its own relative conditions. The site highlights a small collection of documents from the three initial countries: Denmark, Panama, and the Philippines as well as the Decent Work Pilot Programme's initiatives. Both the Pilot Programme and the Website are quite new, so information tends to be a little scant. In time, however, the Decent Work Pilot Programme promises to add new resources as they are published.

218

Analysing the Types of TV Programmes Viewed by Children from Different Socio-Economic Strata Based on Their Self-Report in the Turkish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research investigated the amount of time that children from different socio-economic strata spend watching television per week and whether there was a difference among children from low, middle and upper socio-economic strata with regard to viewing programme types, including action adventure, news and information, competitions, sports,…

Kabadayi, Abdulkadir

2006-01-01

219

Analysing the types of TV programmes viewed by children from different socio?economic strata based on their self?report in the Turkish context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the amount of time that children from different socio?economic strata spend watching television per week and whether there was a difference among children from low, middle and upper socio?economic strata with regard to viewing programme types, including action adventure, news and information, competitions, sports, paparazzi shows, cartoons, child informative and musical and comedy. Preparing and conducting this

Abdülkadir Kabaday?

2006-01-01

220

Programmable Physiological Infusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A programmable physiological infusion device and method are provided wherein a program source, such as a paper tape, is used to actuate an infusion pump in accordance with a desired program. The system is particularly applicable for dispensing calcium in ...

W. H. Howard D. R. Young R. R. Adachi

1974-01-01

221

Programmable Physiological Infusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A programmable physiological infusion device which is particularly applicable for dispensing calcium in a variety of waveforms. The device utilizes a program source such as a paper tape together with an automatically actuated infusion pump. The device pro...

W. H. Howard D. R. Young R. R. Adachi

1972-01-01

222

Microminiature Programmable Logic Elements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was primarily concerned with the hardware phase of a program for research and development on microminiature programmable logic elements which would constitute the digital section of a pattern recognition system called a parapropagation pattern...

S. Idzik L. Misewicz R. Guye R. Gudis

1964-01-01

223

WORLD WATER ASSESSMENT PROGRAMME  

EPA Science Inventory

The overall objective of the World Water Assessment Programme is to support the building of global security - food, environment, economic, social and political security -- through an integrated comprehensive freshwater assessment. The specific objectives within the assessment pr...

224

Programmable Calculator Stress Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Advanced programmable alphanumeric calculators are well suited for closed-form calculation of pressure-vessel stresses. They offer adequate computing power, portability, special programming features, and simple interactive execution procedures. Representa...

L. A. Van Gulick

1983-01-01

225

Programmable Multichannel Sonobuoy Transmitter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A programmable phase-locked loop frequency synthesizer for a multi-channel sonobuoy transmitter is disclosed. The phase-locked loop, including a counter/dividr utilizing variable modulus prescaling techniques, is modulated at its voltage-controlled oscill...

A. M. Bates W. H. Sandford M. T. Junod

1984-01-01

226

Physical Activity and Television Watching in Relation to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Television (TV) watching, a major sed- entary behavior in the United States, has been associ- ated with obesity. We hypothesized that prolonged TV watching may increase risk for type 2 diabetes. Methods: In 1986, 37918 men aged 40 to 75 years and free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer com- pleted a detailed physical activity questionnaire. Start- ing from

Frank B. Hu; Michael F. Leitzmann; Meir J. Stampfer; Graham A. Colditz; Walter C. Willett; Eric B. Rimm

2001-01-01

227

Do GPs have the techniques for 'watchful waiting' in glue ear?  

PubMed Central

'Watchful waiting' for glue ear in children within primary care as a precursor or alternative to surgery is one of the increasing pressures on general practitioners (GPs) to limit outpatient referrals. An equipment survey questions whether primary care is properly equipped to 'watch', given the limited access to audiological equipment that might objectively underpin a decision on when 'waiting' should end.

Bennett, K; Higson, J; Haggard, M

1998-01-01

228

Media Richness and Social Norms in the Choice to Attend Lectures or to Watch Them Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lectures in a large psychology course were taped and posted online where they could be viewed by streaming video. All students in the course had the option to attend lectures or watch them online, a choice that could be exercised on a lecture-by-lecture basis. The proportion of lectures watched online revealed that students chose between…

Bassili, John N.

2008-01-01

229

Dyad of Papers Concerning Joint Verification of Severe Local Storm Watches and Warnings during Tornado Events.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Weather Service issues watches and warnings to alert the public to the threat of severe local storms. The study is based upon a tabulation of whether watches or warnings were in effect during tornado events during 1982-1988. Percentages of to...

P. W. Leftwich J. E. Hales

1990-01-01

230

Viewing Preferences, Symptoms of Psychological Trauma, and Violent Behaviors Among Children Who Watch Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo examine the extent to which children's television-viewing practices are associated with symptoms of psychological trauma and aggressive behaviors. The following three hypotheses were tested: (1) children who report watching greater amounts of television per day will report higher levels of trauma symptoms than children who report lesser amounts of television viewing; (2) children who report watching greater amounts of

MARK I. SINGER; KAREN SLOVAK; TRACEY FRIERSON; PETER YORK

1998-01-01

231

Intertwining of Campaign News and Advertising: The Content and Electoral Effects of Newspaper Ad Watches  

Microsoft Academic Search

By integrating content analysis and experimental analysis of newspaper ad watches, this study examines the interactive qualities of news and candidate ads as well as the effects of those interactions. First, the content analysis shows that negative issue advertising is the most frequent focus of ad watch journalism. The tone of journalistic assessments of political ads is not invariably critical;

Young Min

2002-01-01

232

MedWatch, the FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program  

MedlinePLUS

... Event Reporting Contact Information MedWatch Partners - MedWatch: The FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program Search ... DD. Updated 10/21/2013 More What's New - - FDA Approved Safety Information DailyMed (National Library of Medicine) ...

233

GRANAT\\/WATCH catalogue of cosmic gamma-ray bursts: December 1989 to September 1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the catalogue of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) observed with the WATCH all-sky monitor on board the GRANAT satellite during the period December 1989 to September 1994. The cosmic origin of 95 bursts comprising the catalogue is confirmed either by their localization with WATCH or by their detection with other GRB experiments. For each burst its time history and information

S. Y. Sazonov; R. A. Sunyaev; Oleg V. Terekhov; Niels Lund; Soren Brandt; A. J. Castro-Tirado

1998-01-01

234

Writing, reading, watching: a task-based analysis and review of learners' programming environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper identifies three fundamental learning activities in the development of literary skills-writing, reading, and watching and describes the potential benefits of supporting these activities when learning to program computers. We analyse the support for writing, reading and watching provided by current educational programming environments and show that no current systems offer comprehensive and integrated support for the three activities.

Tim Wright; Andy Cockburn

2000-01-01

235

Digitality and materiality of new media: online TV watching in china  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines issues of digitality and materiality of new media, grounded in a study of online TV watching in China. Particularly, by looking at how people make choices and decisions regarding TV watching in everyday life, we highlight material and digital properties of new media TV, and how they support and condition actions and interactions around them. The study

Qi Wang; Xianghua Ding; Tun Lu; Ning Gu

2012-01-01

236

Television watching during lunch increases afternoon snack intake of young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eating while watching television has been shown to increase food intake in part due to the distracting effects of television viewing. It is also known that enhancing memory for the specific attributes of foods eaten in the recent past decreases subsequent food intake. Because distraction at the time of encoding interferes with memory formation, we predicted that television watching during

Suzanne Higgs; Morgan Woodward

2009-01-01

237

Professional Wrestling: Can Watching It Bring Out Aggressive and Violent Behaviors in Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the effect of viewing professional wrestling programs on first grade boys' violent and aggressive behavior. Interviews were conducted, in focus groups of 4 children, with 16 students who watched wrestling 4-6 hours a week. The children indicated that they enjoyed watching professional wrestling and that after viewing, they…

O'Sullivan, Caroline

238

WatchMe: Communication and Awareness Between Members of a Closely-Knit Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. WatchMe is a personal communicator with context awareness in a wristwatch form; it is meant to keep intimate friends and family always connected via awareness cues and text, voice instant message, or synchronous voice connectivity. Sensors worn with the watch track location (via GPS), acceleration, and speech activity; this is classified and conveyed to the other party, where it

Natalia Marmasse; Chris Schmandt; David Spectre

2004-01-01

239

Media Richness and Social Norms in the Choice to Attend Lectures or to Watch Them Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lectures in a large psychology course were taped and posted online where they could be viewed by streaming video. All students in the course had the option to attend lectures or watch them online, a choice that could be exercised on a lecture-by-lecture basis. The proportion of lectures watched online revealed that students chose between…

Bassili, John N.

2008-01-01

240

Since They Are Going to Watch TV Anyway, Why Not Connect It To Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In view of the great amount of television viewing among poor readers, the Learning Model for Watching Television was developed to capitalize on students' television watching proclivities. The model encompasses three major overlapping component skill areas to reinforce classroom learning: active listening skills, auditory word recognition skills,…

Hutchison, Laveria F.

241

Watching films with magical content facilitates creativity in children.  

PubMed

Two experiments examined the possible link between magical thinking and creativity in preschool children. In Exp. 1, 4- and 6-yr.-old children were shown a film with either a magical or nonmagical theme. Results indicated that the mean scores of children shown the magical film was significantly higher than that of children watching the nonmagical film on the majority of subsequent creativity tests for both age groups. This trend was also found for 6-yr.-olds' drawings of impossible items. In Exp. 2, Exp. 1 was replicated successfully with 6- and 8-yr.-old children. Exposing children to a film with a magical theme did not affect their beliefs about magic. The results were interpreted to accentuate the role of magical thinking in children's cognitive development. Classroom implications of the results were also discussed. PMID:21058605

Subbotsky, Eugene; Hysted, Claire; Jones, Nicola

2010-08-01

242

Development of ultrasonic motor and application to silent alarm analog quartz watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ultrasonic motor was developed for use in new generation watches and portable information devices. This motor shows promise as a new principle actuator. Measuring 10 mm in diameter and 4.5 mm thick, this ultrasonic motor is the world's smallest for practical use. Powered by a single lithium coin battery, this motor is expected to be applied to a broad range of miniature devices, including watches. The structure of the motor makes it possible to reduce its size and drive frequency. This motor was used to incorporate a silent alarm into an analog quartz watch. Unlike conventional electronic alarm watches, an eccentric weight rotates intermittently at high speed generating gentle vibration which notifies the wearer. The silent alarm analog quartz watch which incorporates the new ultrasonic motor, as well as the influence of design parameters on the performance of the ultrasonic motor, are described.

Kasuga, Masao; Satoh, Takashi; Hirotomi, Jun; Kawata, Masayuki

243

A survey of programmable networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a programmable networking model that provides a common framework for understanding the state-of-the-art in programmable networks. A number of projects are reviewed and discussed against a set of programmable network characteristics. We believe that a number of important innovations are creating a paradigm shift in networking leading to higher levels of network programmability. These innovations

Andrew T. Campbell; Herman G. De Meer; Michael E. Kounavis; Kazuho Miki; John B. Vicente; Daniel A. Villela

1999-01-01

244

47 CFR 80.302 - Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch. 80.302 Section 80.302 Telecommunication...discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch. (a) When changes occur in the...

2011-10-01

245

47 CFR 80.302 - Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch. 80.302 Section 80.302 Telecommunication...discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch. (a) When changes occur in the...

2012-10-01

246

Reducing TV Watching During Adult Obesity Treatment: Two Pilot Randomized Controlled Trials.  

PubMed

The more time adults spend being sedentary, the greater the risk of obesity. The effect of reducing television (TV) watching, a prominent sedentary behavior, on weight loss has not been tested in an adult standard behavioral obesity intervention, and the mechanisms by which reducing TV watching influences energy balance behaviors are not well understood. Two, 8-week, pilot, randomized controlled trials were conducted examining the effect of a reduced TV watching prescription on energy balance behaviors and weight loss within an adult standard behavioral obesity intervention. In the first study, participants (n=24) were randomized into one of two conditions: (a) reduce energy intake and increase moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (INCREASE PA); or (b) reduce energy intake and decrease TV watching (DECREASE TV). As findings from the first pilot study did not show an increase in MVPA in the DECREASE TV group, the second study was designed to examine the effect of adding a reduced TV prescription to a standard intervention to optimize outcomes. In Pilot Study 2, participants (n=28) were randomized to INCREASE PA or to INCREASE PA+DECREASE TV. Outcomes included objectively measured TV watching and MVPA, self-reported light physical activity (LPA-Pilot Study 2 only), self-reported dietary intake while watching TV, and weight. Conditions with TV watching prescriptions significantly reduced TV watching. Both studies showed medium to large effect sizes for conditions with TV watching prescriptions to show greater reductions in dietary intake while watching TV. Pilot Study 1 found a trend for an increase in MVPA in INCREASE PA and Pilot Study 2 found significant increases in MVPA in both conditions. Pilot Study 2 found a significant increase in LPA in the INCREASE PA+DECREASE TV. Results indicate adding a TV watching prescription to a standard obesity intervention did not enhance increases in MVPA, but may assist with reducing dietary intake while TV watching and increasing LPA. Future research should examine the effect of reducing TV watching during obesity treatment over a longer time frame in a larger sample. PMID:24094792

Raynor, Hollie A; Steeves, Elizabeth Anderson; Bassett, David R; Thompson, Dixie L; Gorin, Amy A; Bond, Dale S

2013-05-06

247

Vagotonicity of Violence: Biochemical and Cardiac Responses to Violent Films and Television Programmes  

PubMed Central

In a search for a reproducible means of evoking different types of emotional stress it was found that in spite of increased adrenaline secretion slowing of the heart occurred when watching violent television programmes. Further evidence of increased vagal tone was provided by the “sinus arrhythmia” effect, a widening of the gap between the maximum and minimum heart rates during the respiratory cycle in parts of the humour, violence, and suspense sections of the television programme. Groups of people taken to see two particularly violent films showed similar evidence suggesting vagal overactivity, together with increases in plasma free fatty acids and decreases in triglycerides. As these changes occurred even with ?-blockade it is suggested that they might be caused by non-sympathetically mediated changes in the levels of hormones, such as growth hormone, producing lipolysis. The ability to assess objectively an individual's reaction to viewing violence might make it possible to judge the likely social impact of violent films and television programmes.

Carruthers, Malcolm; Taggart, Peter

1973-01-01

248

Watching pornography: gender differences, violence and victimization. An exploratory study in Italy.  

PubMed

The aims of this article are to analyze exposure to pornography, its content, and the associations between victimization and pornography in a sample of 303 students (49.2% female). The questionnaire included questions on pornography exposure, psychological and physical family violence, and sexual violence. Almost all male students and 67% of female students had ever watched pornography; 42% and 32%, respectively, had watched violence against women. Female students exposed to family psychological violence and to sexual violence were significantly more likely to watch pornography, especially violent pornography than those who had not been exposed. No such association was found among male students. PMID:21997464

Romito, Patrizia; Beltramini, Lucia

2011-10-13

249

Comparison of watch and IPN locations of gamma-ray bursts  

SciTech Connect

The WATCH all sky monitors aboard the Granat and EURECA spacecraft have the capability of independently localizing gamma-ray bursts to error circles whose 3 sigma radii are 1 degree or less. These are the most accurate single-experiment localizations currently achievable. In those cases where both WATCH and one or more experiments from the IPN detect a burst, the localizations may be refined considerably. We have identified approximately 35 bursts between 1991 and 1993 in this category. Some were detected by WATCH, Ulysses, PVO, and BATSE, and so on. We present and compare the locations of some of these bursts.

Hurley, K. (University of California Space Sciences Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)); Lund, N.; Brandt, S.; Castro-Tirado, A.J. (Danish Space Research Institute, DK-2800 Copenhagen (Denmark)); Sommer, M. (Max-Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, D8046 Garching (Germany)); Lapshov, I. (Institute for Space Research, 117810 Moscow (Russian Federation)); Laros, J.; Klebesadel, R. (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)); Fishman, G.; Kouveliotou, C.; Meegan, C. (NASA-MSFC, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States)); Cline, T. (NASA-GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)); Boer, M.; Niel, M. (Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, 31029 Toulouse (France))

1994-07-01

250

Programmable Optical Sensor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A programmable optical sensor is formed by coupling a proximity focused channel intensifier tube to a silicon target vidicon. The photocathode is gated by a first time programmed voltage and the gain of the microchannel plate is also controlled by a secon...

D. A. Contini T. E. Carsten R. J. Basta

1984-01-01

251

Bus Programmable Slave Module.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A bus programmable slave module card for use in a computer control system is disclosed which comprises a master computer and one or more slave computer modules interfacing by means of a bus. Each slave module includes its own microprocessor, memory, and c...

W. A. Hall

1989-01-01

252

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Learning Invention Lab provides students exposure to and experience with industrial automation. This is achieved through the use and application of current programmable industrial control systems. This Learning Activity has students automate a plastics injection molding machine in industrial automation coursework. This was part of the Learning Invention Labs that MATEC held. Visit the MATEC.org homepage for more information.

Bentley, John

2012-12-28

253

Fast reactor programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

India's fast reactor programme is described in detail. A 15 MW(e) Fast ; Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) under construction in the Reactor Research Centre at ; Kalpakkam, will provide experience in construction and operation of a sodium ; cooled fast reactor. Fuel and material testing is an essential aspect of fast ; reactor development. For this purpose, FBTR will serve

Srinivasan

1973-01-01

254

Programmable calculators (Review)  

SciTech Connect

This paper surveys domestic and foreign programmable calculators and the instruction sets and programming features of the more advanced models. The use of calculators for theoretical relations, experimental design, processing of experimental equipment and instruments is examined. Programs for the development of PCs, especially programs in high-level language, should be tied, it is noted, to developments in personal computers.

Dyakonov, V.P.

1986-05-01

255

Programmable optical bistable  

Microsoft Academic Search

A programmable optical bistable device, based on a ring fiber optic circuit in which is inserted an optical amplifier, is presented. The optical amplifier has the purpose both to obtain the bistable duration and to reset the device by means of the loop gain compression effect.

Paola Parolari; Lucia Marazzi; Pierpaolo Boffi; Mario Martinelli

1998-01-01

256

Programmable calculator stress analysis  

SciTech Connect

Advanced programmable alphanumeric calculators are well suited for closed-form calculation of pressure-vessel stresses. They offer adequate computing power, portability, special programming features, and simple interactive execution procedures. Representative programs that demonstrate calculator capabilities are presented. Problems treated are stress and strength calculations in thick-walled pressure vessels and the computation of stresses near head/pressure-vessel junctures.

Van Gulick, L.A.

1983-01-01

257

Organising mentoring programmes: how to be a great programme coordinator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to initiate discussion on the qualities of effective mentoring programme coordinators. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This observation is based on non-empirical observation of practice through: assisting the design of hundreds of programmes over two decades; programme co-ordinator training courses; and critical appraisal of coordinator training to comply with EMCC kitemarking. Findings – The paper

David Clutterbuck

2006-01-01

258

Speeding-Up of HF Radiotransmissions and Broadcasts (World Weather Watch Study T.21).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical problems arising from the use of HF radio circuits for the global telecommunication system in the World Weather Watch (WWW) plan are reviewed. Propagation factors affecting HF communications are delineated, modulation-demodulation techniques as ...

H. Akima

1967-01-01

259

World mussel watch database. National status and trends program for marine environmental quality: Technical memo  

SciTech Connect

The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) is an internationally cooordinated system for systematic operational data collection and analysis. This contribution to GOOS is an attempt to determine the levels of contaminants in mussels and oysters collected worldwide and to compare the results with the long-term Mussel Watch programs of the United States and France. A comprehensive literature search of studies using any species of mussels and/or oysters worldwide to monitor the levels of trace metals and organic contaminants was conducted and the data compiled into the World Mussel Watch database. Data sources and statistics of the database are included. Results of the World Mussel Watch and the US and France Mussel Watch programs were compared and typical levels of some trace metals in uncontaminated mussels and oysters were calculated.

Cantillo, A.Y.

1997-04-01

260

Using Autumn Hawk Watch to track raptor migration and to monitor ...  

Treesearch

Many North American populations of raptors are migratory however, and on ... Autumn Hawk Watch provides participants and interested parties with near ... Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight ...

261

76 FR 74788 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From HealthWatch, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment...from HealthWatch, Inc. of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...

2011-12-01

262

Fed Watching and Central Bank Transparency in an Overlapping Generations Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simple general equilibrium model that integrates fed watching with central bank opaqueness is developed. With the intergenerational conflict, opaqueness can solve a Ramsey problem. With monetary uncertainty as the only source of randomness, transparency...

J. H. Haslag

2001-01-01

263

Traditional Sex Role Development and Amount of Time Spent Watching Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tested the hypothesis that the amount of time spent watching television would be significantly related to the strength of traditional sex role development. Subjects were 80 kindergarten and elementary school children. (SDH)|

Frueh, Terry; McGhee, Paul E.

1975-01-01

264

The association between watching television and obesity in children of school-age in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background: There is little information on the association between watching Television (TV) and obesity in the Arabian Peninsula. Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to explore the association between the watching of television and obesity in Saudi children of school-age. Materials and Methods: A case-controlled study was conducted with students between the ages of 9 and 14 years who attended the school health clinic in King Abdulaziz Housing for National Guard (Iskan), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the study period (February to April 2012). During each clinic, children were selected by simple random sampling (five obese and five non-obese). For data collection, two trained physicians interviewed the participants using a 20-item Arabic questionnaire. Well-trained nurses collected the anthropometric measurements of weight and height. Results: The study included 397 students. Higher (body mass index) BMI was associated with a higher number of televisions at home (P < 0.001), watching TV for more than three hours per day at the weekend (P = 0.047), eating more than three snacks per day (P = 0.005), watching TV at night (P = 0.026), and siblings’ decisions on how much TV to watch (P = 0.025). The prevalence of childhood obesity was significantly lower among those whose mothers determined how much TV they could watch (P = 0.03). In logistic regression analysis, the increase in the child's age, the presence of more than one TV at home, having his or her own TV, and an increase in the number of hours of watching TV over the weekend were significantly associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity. Personal computers and the Internet were not significantly associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity. Conclusion: The present investigation revealed that watching TV represents an important risk factor for obesity in children of school-age.

Al-Ghamdi, Sameer H.

2013-01-01

265

Corporate entrepreneurship in Switzerland: evidence from a case study of Swiss watch manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which Swiss companies engage in corporate entrepreneurship. To that\\u000a end, a case study was undertaken to better understand how corporate entrepreneurship is practiced in the watch-making industry.\\u000a Using a stratified sampling method, 18 corporate-level managers of Swiss watch manufacturers were interviewed over a 5-month\\u000a period to determine their perception

Kayhan Tajeddini; Stephen L. Mueller

266

Feasibility of using the automatic generating system for quartz watches as a leadless pacemaker power source  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automatic power-generating system (AGS) which converts kinetic energy into electric energy for quartz watches was tested\\u000a as a power source for implantable cardiac pacemakers. An automatic power-generating mechanism and a capacitor (0.33 F) were\\u000a removed from a quartz watch (SEIKO) and encapsulated in a polyvinyl case. Characteristics of the AGS were investigated by\\u000a acceleration equipment. The capacitor in the

H. Goto; T. Sugiura; Y. Harada; T. Kazui

1999-01-01

267

Obesity and Television Watching in Preschoolers in Greece: The GENESIS Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the current work was to evaluate the effect of preschoolers' television (TV) watching time on the prevalence of obesity even after controlling for their total energy intake and their physical activity status. A representative sample of 2,374 Greek children aged 1–5 years was examined (“Growth, Exercise and Nutrition Epidemiological Study in preSchoolers”, GENESIS study). Children's TV watching

Yannis Manios; Georgia Kourlaba; Katerina Kondaki; Evangelia Grammatikaki; Anastasia Anastasiadou; Eleytheria Roma-Giannikou

2009-01-01

268

Watershed Watch Undergraduate Research Projects: Monitoring Environmental Impacts on Tree Growth - Urban Development and Hurricanes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watershed Watch (NSF 0525433) is designed to engage early undergraduate students from two-year and four-year colleges in student-driven full inquiry-based instruction in the biogeosciences. Program goals for Watershed Watch are to test if inquiry-rich student-driven projects sufficiently engage undeclared students (or noncommittal STEM majors) to declare a STEM major (or remain with their STEM major). The program is a partnership

B. N. Rock; S. Hale

2009-01-01

269

CAMAC Modular Programmable Function Generator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A CAMAC modular programmable function generator has been developed. The device contains a 1024 word by 12-bit memory, a 12-bit digital-to-analog converter with a 600 ns settling time, an 18-bit programmable frequency register, and two programmable trigger...

G. W. Turner S. Suehiro R. W. Hendricks

1980-01-01

270

Programmer-Friendly Refactoring Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tools that perform semi-automated refactoring are currently under-utilized by programmers. If more programmers adopted refactoring tools, software projects could make enormous productivity gains. However, as more advanced refactoring tools are designed, a great chasm widens between how the tools must be used and how programmers want to use them. The proposed research will bridge this chasm by exposing usability guidelines

Emerson Murphy-Hill

271

Trial watch: Dendritic cell-based interventions for cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Dendritic cells (DCs) occupy a central position in the immune system, orchestrating a wide repertoire of responses that span from the development of self-tolerance to the elicitation of potent cellular and humoral immunity. Accordingly, DCs are involved in the etiology of conditions as diverse as infectious diseases, allergic and autoimmune disorders, graft rejection and cancer. During the last decade, several methods have been developed to load DCs with tumor-associated antigens, ex vivo or in vivo, in the attempt to use them as therapeutic anticancer vaccines that would elicit clinically relevant immune responses. While this has not always been the case, several clinical studies have demonstrated that DC-based anticancer vaccines are capable of activating tumor-specific immune responses that increase overall survival, at least in a subset of patients. In 2010, this branch of clinical research has culminated with the approval by FDA of a DC-based therapeutic vaccine (sipuleucel-T, Provenge(®)) for use in patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Intense research efforts are currently dedicated to the identification of the immunological features of patients that best respond to DC-based anticancer vaccines. This knowledge may indeed lead to personalized combination strategies that would extend the benefit of DC-based immunotherapy to a larger patient population. In addition, widespread enthusiasm has been generated by the results of the first clinical trials based on in vivo DC targeting, an approach that holds great promises for the future of DC-based immunotherapy. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recently completed clinical trials and discuss the progress of ongoing studies that have evaluated/are evaluating DC-based interventions for cancer therapy. PMID:23170259

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Senovilla, Laura; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautčs-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-10-01

272

Optically programmable excitonic traps  

PubMed Central

With atomic systems, optically programmed trapping potentials have led to remarkable progress in quantum optics and quantum information science. Programmable trapping potentials could have a similar impact on studies of semiconductor quasi-particles, particularly excitons. However, engineering such potentials inside a semiconductor heterostructure remains an outstanding challenge and optical techniques have not yet achieved a high degree of control. Here, we synthesize optically programmable trapping potentials for indirect excitons of bilayer heterostructures. Our approach relies on the injection and spatial patterning of charges trapped in a field-effect device. We thereby imprint in-situ and on-demand electrostatic traps into which we optically inject cold and dense ensembles of excitons. This technique creates new opportunities to improve state-of-the-art technologies for the study of collective quantum behavior of excitons and also for the functionalisation of emerging exciton-based opto-electronic circuits.

Alloing, Mathieu; Lemaitre, Aristide; Galopin, Elisabeth; Dubin, Francois

2013-01-01

273

Optically programmable excitonic traps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With atomic systems, optically programmed trapping potentials have led to remarkable progress in quantum optics and quantum information science. Programmable trapping potentials could have a similar impact on studies of semiconductor quasi-particles, particularly excitons. However, engineering such potentials inside a semiconductor heterostructure remains an outstanding challenge and optical techniques have not yet achieved a high degree of control. Here, we synthesize optically programmable trapping potentials for indirect excitons of bilayer heterostructures. Our approach relies on the injection and spatial patterning of charges trapped in a field-effect device. We thereby imprint in-situ and on-demand electrostatic traps into which we optically inject cold and dense ensembles of excitons. This technique creates new opportunities to improve state-of-the-art technologies for the study of collective quantum behavior of excitons and also for the functionalisation of emerging exciton-based opto-electronic circuits.

Alloing, Mathieu; Lemaître, Aristide; Galopin, Elisabeth; Dubin, François

2013-04-01

274

Programmable calculator stress analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper assesses the suitability of advanced programmable alphanumeric calculators for closed form calculation of pressure vessel stresses and offers, as their advantages, adequate computing power, portability, special programming features, and simple interactive execution procedures. Representative programs which demonstrate their capacities are presented. Problems dealing with stress and strength calculations in thick-walled pressure vessels and with the computation of stresses near head/pressure vessel junctures are treated. Assessed favorably in this paper as useful contributors to computeraided design of pressure vessels, programmable alphanumeric calculators have areas of implementation in checking finite element results, aiding in the development of an intuitive understanding of stresses and their parameter dependencies, and evaluating rapidly a variety of preliminary designs.

Van Gulick, L.A.

1983-01-01

275

Indian remote sensing programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design and development of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS?1A and the successful operation of the space and ground segments of IRS?1A over the past three years form a major milestone in the Indian Remote Sensing Programme. Significant growth in Remote Sensing application\\/activities in almost all the sectors of natural resources survey and management, supply of various remote sensing data products

M. G. Chandrasekhar; K. Radhakrishnan; V. Jayaraman; B. Manikiam

1991-01-01

276

Current Mirror with Programmable Floating Gate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Systems and methods are discussed for using a floating-gate MOSFET as a programmable reference circuit. One example of the programmable reference circuit is a programmable voltage reference source, while a second example of a programmable reference circui...

G. J. Serrano P. E. Hasler

2006-01-01

277

Assessing the Impact of Ad Watches on the Strategic Decision-Making ProcessA Comparative Analysis of Ad Watches in the 1992 and 1996 Presidential Elections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The percentage of presidential ads containing a misleading statement rose to 52% in 1996, up from 14% in 1992. At the same time, there was a drop both in broadcast and print press coverage of the presidential election, as well as in ad watches. The amount of broadcast coverage of the election was down 55% from 1992. Front-page newspaper campaign

Courtney Bennett

1997-01-01

278

A programmable Fortran preprocessor  

SciTech Connect

A programmable Fortran preprocessor is described. It allows users to define compile time operations that can examine and modify the source tree before it is compiled with a traditional compiler. This intermediate step allows the definition of routines and operations that adapt to the context in which they are used. Context sensitive operations increase the flexibility of abstractions that can be built without degrading efficiency, as compared to using traditional run time based abstractions such as libraries or objects. The preprocessor is described briefly along with an example of how it is used to add CMFortran array operations to Fortran77. Other preprocessors that have been implemented are also briefly described.

Rosing, M.

1995-06-01

279

Programmable Logic Devices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

PLDs are specialized integrated circuits (ICs) used to implement digital circuits. These circuits are programmable meaning that they can be preconfigured to create almost any design. Over the years, PLDs have grown in size and complexity and new versions have been created. They give designers a variety of options in developing digital circuits and systems. Today, PLDs have virtually replaced most previously used types of digital logic circuits in modern electronic equipment. This module introduces the concepts of PLDs, describes the various types, and summarizes the basic approach to design, testing, and troubleshooting.

2012-10-29

280

Watershed Watch: A Curriculum Model for an Undergraduate Biogeoscience Course Designed to Attract Undeclared and Undecided Students into STEM Majors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watershed Watch (NSF-DUE-STEP 0525433) engages early undergraduate students from two-year and four-year colleges in student-driven full inquiry-based instruction in biogeoscience. Program goals for Watershed Watch are to test if inquiry-rich student-driven projects sufficiently engage undeclared students (or noncommittal STEM majors) to declare a STEM major (or remain with their STEM major). The curriculum model for Watershed Watch includes a Summer

S. Hale; B. N. Rock; J. A. Schloss; M. T. Gagnon; C. Perry; J. Yuan; B. D. Branch; M. A. Lecompte; L. Mitchell; K. Traore; L. B. Hayden

2009-01-01

281

Associations among physical activity, television watching, and obesity in adult Pima Indians.  

PubMed

It has been suggested that television watching and physical activity are related to obesity. This association, however, has been investigated mainly in children. This study provided the opportunity to examine the relationship between television watching, physical activity, and body mass index in adult Pima Indians, a population with a high prevalence of obesity. Hours per day of television watched, past-year physical levels (MET-h/wk; leisure and occupational combined) and BMI (kg.m-2) were measured in 2452 men and women subjects 21-59 yr old. In adults between the ages of 21 and 39 yr, TV and physical activity levels were negatively correlated (r = -0.11 for men and -0.10 for women). Weaker associations were found between TV and BMI (r = 0.08 for men and 0.04 for women). There were no significant relationships among these variables in older adults (49-59 yr), possibly because of low reported levels of physical activity and TV. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that physical activity and television watching in men and activity in women were significantly related to BMI. These data suggest that increasing activity levels and decreasing the time spent in sedentary behavior such as watching television should both be considered as potential intervention strategies in obesity prevention programs. PMID:9243490

Fitzgerald, S J; Kriska, A M; Pereira, M A; de Courten, M P

1997-07-01

282

Sleep patterns in Spanish adolescents: associations with TV watching and leisure-time physical activity.  

PubMed

We aimed to describe the sleep patterns in Spanish adolescents and to examine the relationships of sleep duration and morning tiredness with participation in leisure-time physical-sporting activities (LT-PA) and television (TV) watching. Sleep duration, morning tiredness, participation in LT-PA and time spent on watching TV were reported by 2,179 (1,139 females) Spanish adolescents (AVENA study). Data were analyzed by binary logistic regression. One-fifth of the adolescents reported insufficient night sleep (<8 h) on school days. The review of the literature (30 studies) showed that the Spanish adolescents sleep as long as adolescents from central Europe, and longer than those from other Mediterranean countries, South Africa, Asia and North America. Insufficient sleep duration doubled the odds of excessive TV watching (?3 h/day) in males, regardless of morning tiredness (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.42-3.27). Morning tiredness reduced the odds of participating in any LT-PA in both males and females (0.49, 0.34-0.70 and 0.49, 0.35-0.69, respectively), and increased the odds of excessive TV watching in females, regardless of sleep duration (2.49, 1.64-3.79). We conclude that non-participation in LT-PA is associated with morning tiredness in male and female adolescents, while excessive TV watching is more associated with short sleep or morning tiredness depending on gender. PMID:20556419

Ortega, Francisco B; Chillón, Palma; Ruiz, Jonatan R; Delgado, Manuel; Albers, Ulrike; Alvarez-Granda, Jesús L; Marcos, Ascensión; Moreno, Luis A; Castillo, Manuel J

2010-06-17

283

CAMAC modular programmable function generator  

SciTech Connect

A CAMAC modular programmable function generator has been developed. The device contains a 1024 word by 12-bit memory, a 12-bit digital-to-analog converter with a 600 ns settling time, an 18-bit programmable frequency register, and two programmable trigger output registers. The trigger registers can produce programmed output logic transitions at various (binary) points in the output function curve, and are used to synchronize various other data acquisition devices with the function curve.

Turner, G.W.; Suehiro, S.; Hendricks, R.W.

1980-12-01

284

WATCH (Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling): A low-cost, secure-item monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developd a remote sensor package that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Originally, the package was intended for use in valve monitoring, but it is now possible to use it in any sensor application where hardware installation is impractical or uneconomical. Full system implementation includes a receiver/controller which correlates the arrival time of rf signals generated by item-monitoring transmitters to increase communication security. Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) is such a system. One important application of WATCH is in storage vaults where there are a number of material containers. Applying WATCH to inventory control reduces inventory workload and employee exposure rates; the system also provides quick access to inventory information by interfacing the system with plant site computer systems.

Sanderson, S.N.

1987-07-01

285

Physical activity and television watching in relation to semen quality in young men.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Semen quality appears to have declined over the past decades but reasons for this decline are unresolved. The concurrent increase in sedentary behaviour may be a contributing factor. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of physical activity and television (TV) watching with sperm parameters in a population of young, healthy men. METHODS: Men aged 18-22 years (n=189) from the Rochester Young Men's Study (2009-2010) participated in this analysis. Physical activity (h/week of moderate and vigorous exercise) and TV watching (h/week of TV, video or DVD watching) over the past 3 months were assessed via questionnaire. Semen quality was assessed by sperm concentration, motility, morphology and total sperm count. RESULTS: Sperm concentration and total sperm count were directly related to physical activity after multivariable adjustment (p-trend=0.01 and 0.04); men in the highest quartile of moderate-to-vigorous activity (?15 h/week) had 73% (95% CI 15% to 160%) higher sperm concentration than men in the lowest quartile (<5 h/week). TV watching was inversely associated with sperm concentration and total sperm count in multivariable analyses (p-trend=0.05 and 0.06); men in the highest quartile of TV watching (>20 h/week) had 44% (95% CI 15 to 63%) lower sperm concentration than men in the lowest quartile (0 h/week). These measures of physical and leisure time activities were not significantly associated with sperm motility or morphology. CONCLUSIONS: In this population of healthy men, higher moderate-to-vigorous activity and less TV watching were significantly associated with higher total sperm count and sperm concentration. PMID:23380634

Gaskins, Audrey Jane; Mendiola, Jaime; Afeiche, Myriam; Jřrgensen, Niels; Swan, Shanna H; Chavarro, Jorge E

2013-02-01

286

Sleep patterns in Spanish adolescents: associations with TV watching and leisure-time physical activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We aimed to describe the sleep patterns in Spanish adolescents and to examine the relationships of sleep duration and morning\\u000a tiredness with participation in leisure-time physical-sporting activities (LT-PA) and television (TV) watching. Sleep duration,\\u000a morning tiredness, participation in LT-PA and time spent on watching TV were reported by 2,179 (1,139 females) Spanish adolescents\\u000a (AVENA study). Data were analyzed by binary

Francisco B. Ortega; Palma Chillón; Jonatan R. Ruiz; Manuel Delgado; Ulrike Albers; Jesús L. Álvarez-Granda; Ascensión Marcos; Luis A. Moreno; Manuel J. Castillo

2010-01-01

287

Reducing disruptive behaviors of elementary physical education students with sit and watch.  

PubMed Central

This study reduced the disruptive behaviors of students in two elementary physical education classes: a regular fourth-grade class comprised of 30 students and an alternative education class containing 14 fourth- and fifth-grade boys with severe behavior problems. Using a multiple baseline design, we introduced a modified time-out procedure called "Sit and Watch." The procedure reduced the frequency of disruptive behaviors by 95%. Sit and Watch proved to be socially acceptable to parents, school personnel, and the physical education teacher.

White, A G; Bailey, J S

1990-01-01

288

Programmable multimode quantum networks  

PubMed Central

Entanglement between large numbers of quantum modes is the quintessential resource for future technologies such as the quantum internet. Conventionally, the generation of multimode entanglement in optics requires complex layouts of beamsplitters and phase shifters in order to transform the input modes into entangled modes. Here we report the highly versatile and efficient generation of various multimode entangled states with the ability to switch between different linear optics networks in real time. By defining our modes to be combinations of different spatial regions of one beam, we may use just one pair of multi-pixel detectors in order to measure multiple entangled modes. We programme virtual networks that are fully equivalent to the physical linear optics networks they are emulating. We present results for N=2 up to N=8 entangled modes here, including N=2, 3, 4 cluster states. Our approach introduces the highly sought after attributes of flexibility and scalability to multimode entanglement.

Armstrong, Seiji; Morizur, Jean-Francois; Janousek, Jiri; Hage, Boris; Treps, Nicolas; Lam, Ping Koy; Bachor, Hans-A.

2012-01-01

289

Programmable shot controller development  

SciTech Connect

A foam processor equipped with a flowmetering system has also been equipped with a computer-controlled shot dispensing system, or programmable shot controller (PSC). The addition of the PSC to the control system enables the shot size to be calculated and the timer set by the controller; it also provides a printout of assembly MC, shot size, flow rates of polyurethane components, pressures and temperatures of components, and operator clock number. The PSC will also provide checks to ensure that the mixer has been turned on, the system has been completely purged, and a waste shot has been taken prior to encapsulation of the unit. This complete process control system, of which the PSC is an integral part, will ensure that the mixed encapsulant being introduced into an assembly is correct, thereby reducing scrap of expensive final assemblies. 24 figs.

Blasnitz, W.S.; Simmons, P.J.

1991-07-01

290

Context Matters in Programme Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper seeks to report on the evaluation of Zippy's Friends, an international emotional wellbeing programme, for primary school children in disadvantaged schools in Ireland. The paper aims to present case studies of the profile and ethos of two specific schools participating in the programme, their links with the local community, the…

Clarke, Aleisha M.; O'Sullivan, Maeve; Barry, Margaret M.

2010-01-01

291

Designing effective employee training programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the elements of a successful employee training programme. Explains the distinction between training and education, along with a discussion of why “soft skills” training initiatives are less effective than skills-based approaches. Discusses the critical role of the training manager in implementing a training programme, as well as important considerations when developing a strategic training plan. Finally, describes several key

Aaron W. Hughey; Kenneth J. Mussnug

1997-01-01

292

Field Programmable Stateful Logic Array  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kyosun Kim, Sangho Shin, Member, IEEE, and Sung-Mo Kang, Fellow, IEEE Abstract—Recently, researchers have demonstrated that mem- ristive switches can be used to implement logic and latches as well as memory and programmable interconnects. In this paper, we propose a novel stateful logic pipeline architecture based on memristive switches. The proposed architecture mapped to the field programmable nanowire interconnect fabric

Kyosun Kim; Sangho Shin; Sung-Mo Kang

2011-01-01

293

Programmable spatial filtering with bacteriorhodopsin.  

PubMed

We describe a programmable spatial-filtering system using bacteriorhodopsin (BR) film as a programmable, optically addressed spatial light modulator illuminated by a single wavelength of light. We use a computer-controlled mirror scanning system to write time-varying filter functions to the BR film and present proof-of-principle experimental results that demonstrate several elementary filtering operations. PMID:21102884

Storrs, M; Mehrl, D J; Walkup, J F

1996-08-10

294

Japan's Eco-School Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1997, several ministries in Japan have collaborated on an eco-school programme, which applies to both newly constructed and renovated school buildings, in an effort to make its schools more environmentally friendly. The programme equips school buildings with ecological features such as photovoltaic cells, solar thermal collectors, other new…

Mori, Masayuki

2007-01-01

295

Accounting honours programmes: perceived benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study extended the findings of a previous study that honours programmes provide substantial benefits to faculty academics, students and professional accounting recruiters. Seventy-seven accounting recruiters, 78 faculty academics and 101 honours students were surveyed on the perceived benefits of accounting honours programmes. Significant differences were found between recruiters and academics and between recruiters and honours students on all

Claudio A. Romano; Kosmas X. Smyrnios

1996-01-01

296

A programmable, modular CNN cell  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental monolithic implementation of a programmable cellular neural network (CNN) is reported. It overcomes some of the characteristics and restrictions inherent in CMOS VLSI technologies, and allows an arbitrarily large continuous-time analog CNN to be built up by modularly connecting CNN chips with a modest number of cells. The template values are step-wise programmable, with values chosen for functionality

D. Lim; G. S. Moschytz

1994-01-01

297

Japan's Eco-School Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1997, several ministries in Japan have collaborated on an eco-school programme, which applies to both newly constructed and renovated school buildings, in an effort to make its schools more environmentally friendly. The programme equips school buildings with ecological features such as photovoltaic cells, solar thermal collectors, other new…

Mori, Masayuki

2007-01-01

298

Cognitive skills programmes for offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the impact of the meta-analyses and ‘What Works’ in offender treatment, cognitive skills programmes for offenders have become widely used in both the community and in custody. This overview is primarily concerned with the issue of effectiveness: do cognitive skills programmes have an effect on reoffending? The extant evidence suggests that there are lower rates of reoffending among offenders

Clive R. Hollin; Emma J. Palmer

2009-01-01

299

Context matters in programme implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to report on the evaluation of Zippy's Friends, an international emotional wellbeing programme, for primary school children in disadvantaged schools in Ireland. The paper aims to present case studies of the profile and ethos of two specific schools participating in the programme, their links with the local community, the degree of parental involvement and the

Aleisha M. Clarke; Maeve OSullivan; Margaret M. Barry

2010-01-01

300

WHALES: MORE VALUABLE ALIVE THAN DEAD? A QUESTION FOR DECISION MAKERS IN EASTERN CARIBBEAN WHALE-WATCHING DESTINATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper utilizes preliminary information from four islands in the eastern Caribbean (Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadines and Grenada) where whale watching is currently being promoted and marketed. The goal is to demonstrate that whales are potentially worth more alive than dead and that responsible and sustainable whale watching can serve as the basis for a profitable ecotourism

KELVIN ALIE

301

Naturally Occurring Changes in Time Spent Watching Television Are Inversely Related to Frequency of Physical Activity during Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between changes in time spent watching television and playing video games with frequency of leisure-time physical activity across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls (N=4594). Latent growth modelling indicated that a decrease in time spent watching television was associated with…

Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Birnbaum, Amanda S.; Lytle, Leslie A.

2006-01-01

302

Feasibility of the automatic generating system (AGS) for quartz watches as a leadless pacemaker power source: a preliminary report  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automatic power generating system developed for quartz watches was tested as a power source for implantable cardiac pacemakers. An automatic power generating mechanism and a capacitor (0.33 F) were taken out of a quartz watch and encapsulated in a polyvinyl case (AGS). Characteristics of the AGS were investigated by reciprocating equipment (2 Hz). The capacitor in the AGS was

H. Goto; T. Sugiura; T. Kazui

1998-01-01

303

Copycat suicidal attempt by a 7 year old boy after watching homicidal behavior in media: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Suicidal behavior in media may promote others towards suicide. No published study was found about suicidal attempt in children less than 10 years old after watching a homicidal behavior. CASE PRESENTATION: This is a report of a 7 year old boy referred because he hanged himself after watching homicidal behavior of hanging in a fictional movie. DISCUSSION: To the

Ahmad Ghanizadeh

2009-01-01

304

Influence of leisure time physical activity and television watching on atherosclerosis risk factors in the NHLBI Family Heart Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical activity favorably influences atherosclerosis risk factors but only a few studies in adults considered the time watching television (TV) as a measure of physical inactivity. We therefore determined in a population-based sample of 1778 subjects from the NHLBI Family Heart Study (FHS) whether leisure time physical activity and TV watching have independent or interactive associations with cardiovascular disease risk

Florian Kronenberg; Mark A. Pereira; M. Kathryn H. Schmitz; Donna K. Arnett; Kelly R. Evenson; Robert O. Crapo; Robert L. Jensen; Gregory L. Burke; Phyliss Sholinsky; R. Curtis Ellison; Steven C. Hunt

2000-01-01

305

Promoting interdisciplinary education - the Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems (DK-WRS) is a programme that aims to educate students in interdisciplinary water science through cutting edge research at an international level. It is funded by the Austrian Science Fund and designed to run over a period of 12 yr during which 80 doctoral students are anticipated to graduate. This paper reports on our experiences of setting up and implementing the Programme. We identify three challenges: integrating the disciplines, maintaining depth in an interdisciplinary programme, and teaching subjects remote to each student's core expertise. To address these challenges we adopt a number of approaches. We use three levels of instruments to foster integration across the disciplines: joint groups (e.g. a joint study programme), joint science questions (e.g. developed in annual symposia), and joint study sites. To maintain depth we apply a system of quality control including regular feedback sessions, theses by journal publications and international study exchange. For simultaneously teaching students from civil and environmental engineering, biology, geology, chemistry, mathematics we use visually explicit teaching, learning by doing, extra mentoring and by cross relating associated subjects. Our initial assessment of the Programme shows some very positive outcomes. Joint science questions formed between students from various disciplines indicate integration is being achieved. The number of successful publications in top journals suggests that depth is maintained. Positive feedback from the students on the variety and clarity of the courses indicates the teaching strategy is working well. Our experiences have shown that implementing and running an interdisciplinary doctoral programme has its challenges and is demanding in terms of time and human resources but seeing interactions progress and watching people grow and develop their way of thinking in an interdisciplinary environment is a valuable reward.

Blöschl, G.; Carr, G.; Bucher, C.; Farnleitner, A. H.; Rechberger, H.; Wagner, W.; Zessner, M.

2012-02-01

306

Promoting interdisciplinary education - the Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems (DK-WRS) is a programme that aims to educate students in interdisciplinary water science through cutting edge research at an international level. It is funded by the Austrian Science Fund and designed to run over a period of 12 yr during which 80 doctoral students are anticipated to graduate. This paper reports on our experiences of setting up and implementing the Programme. We identify three challenges: integrating the disciplines, maintaining depth in an interdisciplinary programme, and teaching subjects remote to each student's core expertise. To address these challenges we adopted a number of approaches. We use three levels of instruments to foster integration across the disciplines: joint groups (e.g. a joint study programme), joint science questions (e.g. developed in annual symposia), and joint study sites. To maintain depth we apply a system of quality control including regular feedback sessions, theses by journal publications and international study exchange. For simultaneously teaching students from civil and environmental engineering, biology, geology, chemistry, mathematics we use visually explicit teaching, learning by doing, extra mentoring and by cross relating associated subjects. Our initial assessment of the Programme shows some very positive outcomes. Joint science questions formed between students from various disciplines indicate integration is being achieved. The number of successful publications in top journals suggests that depth is maintained. Positive feedback from the students on the variety and clarity of the courses indicates the teaching strategy is working well. Our experiences have shown that implementing and running an interdisciplinary doctoral programme has its challenges and is demanding in terms of time and human resources but seeing interactions progress and watching people grow and develop their way of thinking in an interdisciplinary environment is a valuable reward.

Blöschl, G.; Carr, G.; Bucher, C.; Farnleitner, A. H.; Rechberger, H.; Wagner, W.; Zessner, M.

2011-11-01

307

21 CFR 870.3700 - Pacemaker programmers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Pacemaker programmers. 870.3700 Section 870...Cardiovascular Prosthetic Devices § 870.3700 Pacemaker programmers. (a) Identification. A pacemaker programmer is a device used to...

2013-04-01

308

"Princess Alice Is Watching You": Children's Belief in an Invisible Person Inhibits Cheating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two child groups (5-6 and 8-9 years of age) participated in a challenging rule-following task while they were (a) told that they were in the presence of a watchful invisible person ("Princess Alice"), (b) observed by a real adult, or (c) unsupervised. Children were covertly videotaped performing the task in the experimenter's absence. Older…

Piazza, Jared; Bering, Jesse M.; Ingram, Gordon

2011-01-01

309

Watch, Discover, Think, and Act: A Model for Patient Education Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development of the Watch, Discover, Think, and Act asthma self-management computer program for inner-city children with asthma. The intervention focuses on teaching two categories of behaviors: asthma specific behaviors such as taking preventive medication, and self-regulatory processes such as monitoring symptoms and solving asthma…

Bartholomew, L. K.; Shegog, R.; Parcel, G. S.; Gold, R. S.; Fernandez, M.; Czyzewski, D. I.; Sockrider, M. M.; Berlin, N.

2000-01-01

310

Traditional sex role development and amount of time spent watching television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested the hypothesis that the amount of time spent watching TV is significantly related to the strength of traditional sex-role development. Data from 80 kindergartners and 2nd, 4th, and 6th graders support the hypothesis and suggest that this relationship holds equally for both sexes and does not change with increasing age.

Terry Frueh; Paul E. McGhee

1975-01-01

311

Watching Learning Happen: Results of a Longitudinal Study of Journalism Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The results from a five-year study of the information skills of journalism students provide insights into what students use and how that usage evolves, and have implications for information literacy instruction. Using a simple tool, the author watched learning happen in response to classes, work, and the changing information environment.…

MacMillan, Margy

2009-01-01

312

Validity of the Smarthealth Watch to Measure Heart Rate during Rest and Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the Smarthealth watch (Salutron, Inc., Fremont, California, USA), a heart rate monitor that includes a wristwatch without an accompanying chest strap. Twenty-five individuals participated in 3-min periods of standing, 2.0 mph walking, 3.5 mph walking, 4.5 mph jogging, and 6.0 mph running.…

Lee, C. Matthew; Gorelick, Mark

2011-01-01

313

Watch, wait, and wonder: Testing the effectiveness of a new approach to mother-infant psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research compared two forms of psychodynamic psychotherapeutic interventions for 67 clinically referred infants and their mothers. One was an infant-led psychotherapy delivered through a program called Watch, Wait, and Wonder (WWW). The other was a mother- infant psychotherapy (PPT). Infants ranged in age from 10 to 30 months at the outset of treatment, which took place in weekly sessions

Nancy J. Cohen; Elisabeth Muir; Mirek Lojkasek; Roy Muir; Carol Jane Parker; Melanie Barwick; Myrna Brown

1999-01-01

314

Car Riding Behavior in Television Programs Watched by Adolescents in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for adolescents in the United States and a leading cause of death for adolescents around the world. This exploratory study used quantitative content analysis to assess car riding behavior messages in television programs popular with adolescents. The sample included three randomly selected episodes from the top 15 television programs watched

Jennifer A. Manganello; Amit G. Chauhan

2011-01-01

315

Developing a Critical View on E-Learning Trend Reports: Trend Watching or Trend Setting?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trend watching reports are an indispensable resource in the e-learning domain. Many HRD departments consider these reports as essential cornerstones for the development of their e-learning strategy. But what is the quality of the forecasts made in these reports? In this article, several methods of forecasting trends are discussed, resulting in a…

Boon, Jo; Rusman, Ellen; van der Klink, Marcel; Tattersall, Colin

2005-01-01

316

Natural and Man-Made Objects, Level K. Teacher's Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

317

Waste Out of Place, Level 1. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

318

Let's Waste Less Waste, Level 4. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

319

The development of a portuguese version of a media watch system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the work that has been done concern- ing the Portuguese language in the scope of the ALERT project during its first year. The media watch system that is the goal of this project comprises many different modules, some of them common among the three languages of the project. This paper concentrates on the definition and collection of

Rui Amaral; Thibault Langlois; Hugo Meinedo; Joăo Paulo Neto; Nuno Souto; Isabel Trancoso

2001-01-01

320

Volunteer Watershed Health Monitoring by Local Stakeholders: New Mexico Watershed Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volunteers monitor watershed health in more than 700 programs in the US, involving over 400,000 local stakeholders. New Mexico Watershed Watch is a student-based watershed monitoring program sponsored by the state's Department of Game and Fish which provides high school teachers and students with instruction on methods for water quality…

Fleming, William

2003-01-01

321

Steller Watch time-lapse photography system for remote Steller Sea Lion sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultimate goal of the Steller Watch system is a tool that would provide comprehensive imagery data from remote locations for analyzing Steller Sea Lion behavior and a rich data set for scientific analyses. This project directly addresses three of the thirteen funding priorities for Steller Sea Lions: (1) predation by other mammals; (2) juvenile and pup survival rates; and

Alexander B. Kulinchenko; Eric O. Rogers; Yuliya Kopylova; Eddie Olsen; John Andrews; Patrick K. Simpson; Marc Jones

2004-01-01

322

Folklore in Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Zora Neale Hurston's work is lively, lyrical, funny, and poignant, but this consummate literary craftsperson was also a first-rate ethnographer, conducting field work for Franz Boas and for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). "Their Eyes Were Watching God," often acclaimed as Hurston's masterpiece, is perhaps the richest beneficiary of her…

2002

323

Is the "Idiot's Box" Raising Idiocy? Early and Middle Childhood Television Watching and Child Cognitive Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is widespread belief that exposure to television has harmful effects on children's cognitive development. Most studies that point to a negative correlation between hours of television watching and cognitive outcomes, fail to establish causality. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) we study young children between 5 and 10…

Munasib, Abdul; Bhattacharya, Samrat

2010-01-01

324

Does Watching Television Rot Your Mind? Estimates of the Effect on Test Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines whether the number of hours of television watched by young adults is associated with performance on standardized exams and whether any such relationship is causal. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the High School and Beyond survey and the National Education Longitudinal Study all indicate a negative…

Zavodny, Madeline

2006-01-01

325

Montre a Quartz Analogique Avec Quantieme Perpetuel (Quartz Analog Watch with Perpetual Calendar).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Caliber ETA 252.411 with perpetual calendar, which is similar in dimensions and display to classic quartz watch movements, is described. The main characteristics are: the date display in the window is always correct (until 28 Feb. 2100); the change of...

E. Favre P. Schmidli B. Erni

1992-01-01

326

Development of ultrasonic motor and application to silent alarm analog quartz watch  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ultrasonic motor was developed for use in new generation watches and portable information devices. This motor shows promise as a new principle actuator. Measuring 10 mm in diameter and 4.5 mm thick, this ultrasonic motor is the world's smallest for practical use. Powered by a single lithium coin battery, this motor is expected to be applied to a broad

Masao Kasuga; Takashi Satoh; Jun Hirotomi; Masayuki Kawata

1992-01-01

327

Analysis and modeling of electrostatic discharge in a tactile glass featured watch  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) in quartz watches is becoming more and more important due to the use of plastic materials and tactile sensors. The discharge can lead to different type of dysfunction such as a simple reset, a latch-up or the destruction of the electronics. In this paper, only the reversible dysfunction is considered. Electrostatic finite element (FEM) simulation completed with

Paolo GERMANO; Mircea CRIVII; D. Demarco; Y. Perriard; L. Paratte; R. Marquis

2004-01-01

328

Analysis and Modeling of Electrostatic Discharge in a Tactile Glass Featured Watch  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrostatic discharge in quartz watches is becoming more and more important due to the use of plastic materials and tactile sensors. The discharge can lead to different type of dysfunction such as a simple reset, a latch-up, or the destruction of the electronics. In this paper, only the reversible dysfunction is considered. Electrostatic finite-element model (FEM) simulation, which is completed

Paolo Germano; Mircea Crivii; Daniele Demarco; Lionel Paratte; Roger Marquis; Yves Perriard

2007-01-01

329

The work of being watched: interactive media and the exploitation of self-disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing that privacy rights are complicit in the very forms of economic monitoring and data gathering they ostensibly oppose, this essay offers a critique of corporate surveillance as a technique for exploiting the work of being watched. Consumers who submit to comprehensive surveillance in response to offers of convenience and participation perform valuable work for corporations and marketers. The model

Mark Andrejevic

2002-01-01

330

Watch, Discover, Think, and Act: A Model for Patient Education Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the Watch, Discover, Think, and Act asthma self-management computer program for inner-city children with asthma. The intervention focuses on teaching two categories of behaviors: asthma specific behaviors such as taking preventive medication, and self-regulatory processes such as monitoring symptoms and solving asthma…

Bartholomew, L. K.; Shegog, R.; Parcel, G. S.; Gold, R. S.; Fernandez, M.; Czyzewski, D. I.; Sockrider, M. M.; Berlin, N.

2000-01-01

331

A study on the precision of mechanical watch movement with Tourbillon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its long history, detailed studies on the dynamics of mechanical watch movement are still lacking. In this paper, extending our previous mechanics model, the dynamical wave motion of the hairspring—balance wheel assembly, the core of the timekeeping mechanism called the escapement, is analyzed by partial differential equations. It is found that the corresponding eigenfunctions may be formulated into a

Gu Xu; P. H. Ko; R. Du

2011-01-01

332

Bias and variability in distance estimation on the water: implications for the management of whale watching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance regulations or guidelines are the most common method used by regulatory agencies to manage interactions between whale watching vessels and whales. In Hawaiian waters, a distance rule prohibits vessels from approaching humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) closer than 100 yards (91 m). Vessel captains and government enforcement agents rely almost entirely on estimating distance to whales, yet research on distance

Robin W. Baird; Stephanie M. Burkhart

333

All We Need to Know About Software Project Management, We Can Learn from Watching Star Trek.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A few months ago, I watched a cable TV show which asserted that a Star Trek actor had changed the world. While the idea that William Shatner had single-handedly brought about the 21st century as we know it was funny, the information presented was pretty c...

D. R. Webb

2006-01-01

334

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using responses of school personnel to a statewide survey, this study examined the perceived level of implementation of key tenets of the middle school concept as outlined by This We Believe: Successful Schools for Young Adolescents (National Middle School Association, 2003) in schools designated a Kentucky School to Watch as compared to nondesignated schools.

Cook, Christopher M.; Faulkner, Shawn A.; Kinne, Lenore J.

2009-01-01

335

Strategic Failure of Operation Southern Watch and the Need for a New Coalition Based Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The credibility and effectiveness of no-fly zones have been very contentious issues. Operation Southern Watch has been operating for over eight years, in an effort to change the behavior of the Iraqi regime. Politicians and military leaders praise the eff...

R. A. Marrazzo

2001-01-01

336

Technology Watch and Competitive Intelligence: A New Challenge in Education for Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the need for education of information professionals in France to change because of changing needs for scientific, technological, and economic information. The functions of technology watch and competitive intelligence based on an organization's critical success factor are shown to be important. (13 references) (EAM)|

Dou, Henri; And Others

1993-01-01

337

Court Watching: A Promising Method to Increase Legal Socialization in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The experience of court watching, an extended period of supervised direct observation in the courtroom, can aid students in the process of legal socialization, conceptualized as the capacity for critical reflection, expertise in deliberation, and sound judgment about profoundly divisive issues in the American legal system. It takes advantage of…

Lindahl, Mary W.

2007-01-01

338

Community Solutions for Solid Waste Pollution, Level 6. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

339

Why do adolescent girls watch their weight? An interview study examining sociocultural pressures to be thin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Body concerns, dieting, and weight watching were examined in 30 year 10 adolescent girls. Semistructured interviews consisting of open-ended and rated questions assessed descriptions of and reasons for weight loss attempts, with an emphasis on noting sociocultural influences. Audiotaped and transcribed interviews were assessed for themes, coded and rated. Findings suggested a strong role of sociocultural influences leading to both

E. H. Wertheim; S. J. Paxton; H. K. Schutz; S. L. Muir

1997-01-01

340

Watching elderly and disabled person's physical condition by remotely controlled monorail robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are developing a nursing system using robots and cameras. The cameras are mounted on a remote controlled monorail robot which moves inside a room and watches the elderly. It is necessary to pay attention to the elderly at home or nursing homes all time. This requires staffs to pay attention to them at every time. The purpose of our

Yasunori Nagasaka; Yoshinori Matsumoto; Yasutoshi Fukaya; Tomoichi Takahashi; Toru Takeshita

2001-01-01

341

Technology Watch and Competitive Intelligence: A New Challenge in Education for Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for education of information professionals in France to change because of changing needs for scientific, technological, and economic information. The functions of technology watch and competitive intelligence based on an organization's critical success factor are shown to be important. (13 references) (EAM)

Dou, Henri; And Others

1993-01-01

342

Development of Ultrasonic Motor and Application to Silent Alarm Analog Quartz Watch.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An ultrasonic motor was developed for use in new generation watches and portable information devices. This motor shows promise as a new principle actuator. Measuring 10 mm in diameter and 4.5 mm thick, this ultrasonic motor is the world's smallest for pra...

M. Kasuga T. Satoh J. Hirotomi M. Kawata

1992-01-01

343

Fuel Cell APU for Silent Watch and Mild Electrification of a Medium Tactical Truck  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the opportunities for improving truck fuel economy through the use of a Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit (FC APU) for silent watch, as well as for powering electrified engine accessories during driving. The particular vehicle selected as the platform for this study is a prototype of the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) capable of carrying a

Zoran Filipi; Loucas Louca; Anna Stefanopoulou; Huei Peng

344

Children's vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language through watching subtitled television programs at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subtitled television programs seem to provide a rich context for foreign language acquisition. Moreover, viewers are generally quite motivated to understand what is shown and said on television. The present study investigated whether children in Grades 4 and 6 (N = 246) learn English words through watching a television program with an English soundtrack and Dutch subtitles. Children were randomly

Cees M. Koolstra; Jonannes W. J. Beentjes

1999-01-01

345

TV Sports Programs—Who is Willing to Pay to Watch?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the factors that influence the willingness of TV viewers to pay for watching sports programs. An empirical survey of Norwegian TV viewers revealed that individual winter sports, such as biathlon and cross-country skiing, headed the popularity list, with soccer coming third. However, it also showed that soccer fans were significantly more motivated to pay than were fans

Randi Hammervold; Harry Arne Solberg

2006-01-01

346

“I like to watch”: Analyzing a participation-and-denial phenomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps no activity in contemporary culture is more marked by the copresence of high participation and high denial than is television watching. Furthermore, anecdotal evidence suggests that people with years of advanced education - e.g., academics engaged in human science research are more intent on denial than are less formally-educated members of the population. My colleagues invariably preface remarks on

Lenore Langsdorf

1994-01-01

347

Interest in News and Politics—or Situational Determinants? Why People Watch the News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared and integrated the influence of motivational and situational determinants on news viewing behavior. Individual people-meter data allowed the unobtrusive study of news viewing situations. The finding is that the viewing context is much more important than motivations. However, interest in the news and politics can reinforce or reverse situational influences. For interested viewers, watching more TV in

Anke Wonneberger; Klaus Schoenbach; Lex van Meurs

2011-01-01

348

How a cell phone can change dramatically the way we watch tv  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents two new approaches related to how TV is watched, using a Bluetooth cell phone and a Bluetooth set-top box connected to a digital TV network with return channel. The first approach is related to user's behavior analysis and program recommendation. Supposing that every viewer has Bluetooth cell phone, each cell phone will identify its owner to the

Aislan G. Foina; Javier Ramirez-Fernandez

2009-01-01

349

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-performing middle schools are a critical link in the educational continuum. In an effort to stimulate the sluggish reform efforts of middle schools, the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform established the Schools to Watch recognition program. Using responses of school personnel to a statewide survey, this study examined the…

Cook, Christopher M.; Faulkner, Shawn A.; Kinne, Lenore J.

2009-01-01

350

76 FR 4284 - Foreign-Trade Zone 49-Newark, NJ Area; Application for Subzone; LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board [Docket 5-2011] Foreign-Trade Zone 49--Newark, NJ Area; Application for Subzone; LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc. (Watches, Jewelry Products and Leather...

2011-01-25

351

Forest Peoples Programme  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Almost all of the forests that cover the Earth are inhabited. Despite this fact, the forest policies of most countries regard the forest land as empty and exploitable. Additionally, some conservation projects that hope to establish wildlife preserves also deny the rights of forest people. The website of the Forest Peoples Programme, a 20-year-old British based-group, offers insight into what they do, their "publications and reports", "how to donate", and an e-newsletter in English, Portuguese, and French that is published every two months. The "What We Do" option in the menu across the top of the page has numerous sections to show visitors "Strategies", "Success Stories", and "Themes of Work". Some of the "Themes of Work" include "Environmental Governance", "Legal and Human Rights Support", "Extractive Industries", and "Intellectual Property Rights". There are dozens of publications available free online, or visitors can also order hard copies for a fee. The purpose of the publications is to "influence debate, support legal interventions and inform peoples internationally".

352

ESO's Astronomy Education Programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, has operated a programme of astronomy education for some years, with a dedicated Educational Office established in 2001. We organise a range of activities, which we will highlight and discuss in this presentation. Many are run in collaboration with the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE), such as the "Catch a Star!" competition for schools, now in its fourth year. A new endeavour is the ALMA Interdisciplinary Teaching Project (ITP). In conjunction with the EAAE, we are creating a set of interdisciplinary teaching materials based around the Atacama Large Millimeter Array project. The unprecedented astronomical observations planned with ALMA, as well as the uniqueness of its site high in the Atacama Desert, offer excellent opportunities for interdisciplinary teaching that also encompass physics, engineering, earth sciences, life sciences, and culture. Another ongoing project in which ESO takes part is the "Science on Stage" European science education festival, organised by the EIROforum - the group of seven major European Intergovernmental Research Organisations, of which ESO is a member. This is part of the European Science Teaching Initiative, along with Science in School, a newly-launched European journal for science educators. Overviews of these projects will be given, including results and lessons learnt. We will also discuss possibilities for a future European Astronomy Day project, as a new initiative for European-wide public education.

Pierce-Price, D. P. I.; Boffin, H.; Madsen, C.

2006-08-01

353

Obesity and television watching in preschoolers in Greece: the GENESIS study.  

PubMed

The aim of the current work was to evaluate the effect of preschoolers' television (TV) watching time on the prevalence of obesity even after controlling for their total energy intake and their physical activity status. A representative sample of 2,374 Greek children aged 1-5 years was examined ("Growth, Exercise and Nutrition Epidemiological Study in preSchoolers", GENESIS study). Children's TV watching time on a usual weekday and at a usual weekend was recorded. The overall mean of children's TV viewing time was 1.32 h/day. The majority of participants (74.0%) spent <2 h/day watching TV whereas only 3.1% spent >4 h/day in front of a TV set. Overall, 65.2% of participants were normal weight, 17.2% were overweight, and the rest 17.6% were obese. The prevalence of obesity was significantly higher among those with TV viewing time >or=2 h/day (21.7%) compared to those watching TV <2 h/day (16.1%, P = 0.003). TV viewing time remained significantly associated with the likelihood of being obese even after controlling for potential confounders (i.e., socio demographic and other characteristics and physical activity status) only among children aged 3-5 years. However, further adjusting for children's total energy intake revealed that the association between the TV viewing time and the probability of being obese was no longer statistically significant. On the other hand, physical activity status continued to be an independent factor of being obese. The current findings support the hypothesis that the effect of TV viewing time on childhood obesity is independent of physical activity status and may be attributed to the increased total energy intake during TV watching. PMID:19282823

Manios, Yannis; Kourlaba, Georgia; Kondaki, Katerina; Grammatikaki, Evangelia; Anastasiadou, Anastasia; Roma-Giannikou, Eleytheria

2009-03-12

354

Automatic TLI recognition system, programmer`s guide  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the software of an automatic target recognition system (version 14), from a programmer`s point of view. The intent is to provide information that will help people who wish to modify the software. In separate volumes are a general description of the ATR system, Automatic TLI Recognition System, General Description, and a user`s manual, Automatic TLI Recognition System, User`s Guide. 2 refs.

Lassahn, G.D.

1997-02-01

355

The comeback of the Swiss watch industry on the world market: a business history of the Swatch Group (1983-2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the comeback of the Swiss watch industry on the world market since the end of the 1980s. It focuses on the Swatch Group (SG), currently the world’s biggest watch company. In 1983, the merger of the largest watch group (SSIH) and of the trust controlling the production

Pierre-Yves Donzé

2011-01-01

356

The Comeback of the Swiss Watch Industry on the World Market: A Business History of the Swatch Group (1983-2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the comeback of the Swiss watch industry on the world market since the end of the 1980s. It focuses on the Swatch Group (SG), currently the worldfs biggest watch company. In 1983, the merger of the largest watch group (SSIH) and of the trust controlling the production

Pierre-Yves DONZÉ

2011-01-01

357

Programmable Master-Timer System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) master-timer system provides a 96-channel timing solution of programmable signals and eight predefined system signals required for accelerator operation. Each signal may differ in delay, length, and r...

J. M. Potter M. L. Barnes E. A. Bjorklund

1987-01-01

358

Monolithic Optical Programmable Spectrograph (MOPS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Monolithic Optical Programmable Spectrograph (MOPS) is a rugged, vibration resistant, inexpensive, compact spectrograph. It is capable of simultaneous multi-channel measurements of wavelengths and bandwidths of sources in the visible light and near in...

P. B. Dorain J. Snow

1989-01-01

359

Optimality of programmable quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We prove that for a programmable measurement device that approximates every POVM with an error {<=}{delta}, the dimension of the program space has to grow at least polynomially with (1/{delta}). In the case of qubits we can improve the general result by showing a linear growth. This proves the optimality of the programmable measurement devices recently designed in G. M. D'Ariano and P. Perinotti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 090401 (2005)

Perez-Garcia, D. [Max Planck Institut fuer Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, Garching, D-85748 (Germany) and Departamento de Matematica Aplicada, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/Tulipan s/n, 28933 Mostoles (Madrid) (Spain)

2006-05-15

360

Assessment of a portable monitoring device WatchPAT 200 in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea.  

PubMed

We assessed the accuracy of a wrist-worn device WatchPAT 200 for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep and wakefulness indicators compared to standard polysomnography (PSG) using American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) criteria. Twenty-eight adults with suspected OSA underwent a standard in-hospital PSG while wearing a WatchPAT 200. PSG events were manually scored using AASM criteria; WatchPAT 200 data were collected and analyzed by an automatic algorithm. The accuracy of WatchPAT 200 algorithm in apnea hypopnea index (AHI) and sleep-wake detection was compared to standard PSG methodology. The study population consisted of 21 males and 7 females, mean age of 47.45 ± 13.46 years, and mean body mass index of 29.99 ± 5.74 kg/m(2). For AHI, the mean PSG score for events per hour was 23.00 ± 21.55 compared to a mean score of 25.99 ± 19.09 for WatchPAT (r = 0.92, P < 0.001). The agreement of the sleep-wake assessment based on 30-s bins between the PSG and the WatchPAT was 89 ± 6 %. WatchPAT 200 detected OSA based on AHI with comparable accuracy, and provided a reasonably accurate estimation of sleep and wakefulness in patients with OSA on an epoch-by-epoch basis. PMID:23708441

Weimin, Li; Rongguang, Wang; Dongyan, Huang; Xiaoli, Liu; Wei, Jin; Shiming, Yang

2013-05-25

361

The role of intergenerational influence in waste education programmes: The THAW project  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: > Children can be effective advocates in changing their parents' lifestyles. > We investigated the role of intergenerational influence in waste education programmes. > Waste Watch's Take Home Action on Waste project worked with 6705 children in 39 schools. > The results showed increased participation in recycling and declines in residual waste. > The study shows that recycling behaviour is positively impacted by intergenerational influence. - Abstract: Whilst the education of young people is often seen as a part of the solution to current environmental problems seeking urgent attention, it is often forgotten that their parents and other household members can also be educated/influenced via home-based educational activities. This paper explores the theory of intergenerational influence in relation to school based waste education. Waste Watch, a UK-based environmental charity ((www.wastewatch.org.uk)), has pioneered a model that uses practical activities and whole school involvement to promote school based action on waste. This methodology has been adopted nationally. This paper outlines and evaluates how effective school based waste education is in promoting action at a household level. The paper outlines Waste Watch's 'Taking Home Action on Waste (THAW)' project carried out for two and half years in Rotherham, a town in South Yorkshire, England. The project worked with 6705 primary age children in 39 schools (44% of primary schools in the project area) to enable them to take the 'reduce, reuse and recycle message' home to their families and to engage these (i.e. families) in sustainable waste management practices. As well as substantial increases in students' knowledge and understanding of waste reduction, measurement of the impact of the project in areas around 12 carefully chosen sample schools showed evidence of increased participation in recycling and recycling tonnages as well as declining levels of residual waste. Following delivery of the project in these areas, an average increase of 8.6% was recorded in recycling set out rates which led to a 4.3% increase in paper recycling tonnages and an 8.7% increase in tonnages of cans, glass and textiles collected for recycling. Correspondingly, there was a 4.5% fall in tonnages of residual waste. Waste Watch's THAW project was the first serious attempt to measure the intergenerational influence of an education programme on behaviour at home (i.e. other than schools' own waste). It clearly shows that household recycling behaviour can be positively impacted by intergenerational influence via a practical school-based waste education model. However, although the model could potentially have a big impact if rolled out nationally, it will require seed funding and the long-term durability of the model has not yet been fully quantified.

Maddox, P.; Doran, C. [Waste Watch, 56-64 Leonard Street, London EC2A 4LT (United Kingdom); Williams, I.D., E-mail: idw@soton.ac.uk [School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, University Rd., Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Kus, M. [School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, University Rd., Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)

2011-12-15

362

Influence of biomass burning and anthropogenic emissions on ozone, carbon monoxide and black carbon concentrations at the Mt. Cimone GAW-WMO global station (Italy, 2165 m a.s.l.)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work investigates the variability of ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO) and equivalent black carbon (BC) concentrations at the Italian Climate Observatory "O. Vittori" (ICO-OV), part of the Mt. Cimone global GAW-WMO station (Italy). For this purpose, ICO-OV observations carried out in the period January 2007-June 2009, have been analysed and correlated with the output of the FLEXPART Lagrangian dispersion model to specifically evaluate the influence of biomass burning (BB) and anthropogenic emissions younger than 20 days. During the investigation period, the average O3, CO and BC concentrations at ICO-OV were 54 ± 3 ppbv, 122 ± 7 ppbv and 213 ± 34 ng m-3 (mean ± expanded uncertainty with p<95%), with clear seasonal cycles characterized by summer maxima and winter minima for O3 and BC and spring maximum and summer minimum for CO. According to FLEXPART output, BB impact is maximized during the warm months from July to September but appeared to have a significant contribution to the observed tracer concentrations only during specific transport events. We characterised in detail five major events with respect to transport scales (i.e. global, regional and local), source regions and O3, CO and BC variations. For these events, very large variability of enhancement ratios O3/CO (from -0.22 to 0.71) and BC/CO (from 2.69 to 29.83 ng m-3 ppbv-1) were observed. CO related with anthropogenic emissions (COant) contributed to 17.4% of the mean CO value observed at ICO-OV, with the warm months appearing particularly affected by transport events of air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution. The proportion of tracer variability that is described by FLEXPART COant peaked to 37% (in May-September) for CO, 19% (in May-September) for O3 and 32% (in January-April) for BC. During May-September, the analysis of the correlation among CO, O3 and BC as a function of the COant indicated that ICO-OV was influenced by air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution transported from the regional to the global scale. On the other side, CO and O3 were negatively correlated during October-December, when FLEXPART does not show significant presence of recent anthropogenic emissions and only a few observations are characterized by enhanced BC. Such behaviour may be attributed to an ensemble of processes concurrent in enhancing O3 with low CO (upper troposphere/lower stratosphere intrusions) and O3 titration by NO in polluted air-masses along with lower photochemical activity. An intermediate situation occurs in January-April when CO and O3 were almost uncorrelated and BC enhancements were associated to relatively old (10 days) anthropogenic emissions.

Cristofanelli, P.; Fierli, F.; Marinoni, A.; Duchi, R.; Burkhart, J.; Stohl, A.; Maione, M.; Arduini, J.; Bonasoni, P.

2012-08-01

363

Influence of biomass burning and anthropogenic emissions on ozone, carbon monoxide and black carbon at the Mt. Cimone GAW-WMO global station (Italy, 2165 m a.s.l.)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work investigates the variability of ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO) and equivalent black carbon (BC) at the Italian Climate Observatory "O. Vittori" (ICO-OV), part of the Mt. Cimone global GAW-WMO station (Italy). For this purpose, ICO-OV observations carried out in the period January 2007-June 2009, have been analyzed and correlated with the outputs of the FLEXPART Lagrangian dispersion model to specifically evaluate the influence of biomass burning (BB) and anthropogenic emissions younger than 20 days. During the investigation period, the average O3, CO and BC at ICO-OV were 54 ± 3 ppb, 122 ± 7 ppb and 213 ± 34 ng m-3 (mean ± expanded uncertainty with p < 95%), with clear seasonal cycles characterized by summer maxima and winter minima for O3 and BC and spring maximum and summer minimum for CO. According to FLEXPART outputs, BB impact is maximized during the warm months from July to September but appeared to have a significant contribution to the observed tracers only during specific transport events. We characterised in detail five "representative" events with respect to transport scales (i.e. global, regional and local), source regions and O3, CO and BC variations. For these events, very large variability of enhancement ratios O3/CO (from -0.22 to 0.71) and BC/CO (from 2.69 to 29.83 ng m-3 ppb-1) were observed. CO contributions related with anthropogenic emissions (COant) contributed to 17.4% of the mean CO value observed at ICO-OV, with the warm months appearing particularly affected by transport events of air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution. The proportion of tracer variability that is described by FLEXPART COant peaked to 37% (in May-September) for CO, 19% (in May-September) for O3 and 32% (in January-April) for BC. During May-September, the analysis of the correlation among CO, O3 and BC as a function of the COant indicated that ICO-OV was influenced by air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution transported from the regional to the global scale. On the other side, CO and O3 were negatively correlated during October-December, when FLEXPART does not show significant presence of recent anthropogenic emissions and only a few observations are characterized by enhanced BC. Such behaviour may be attributed to an ensemble of processes concurrent in enhancing O3 with low CO (upper troposphere/lower stratosphere intrusions) and to O3 titration by NO in polluted air-masses along with lower photochemical activity. An intermediate situation occurs in January-April when CO and O3 were almost uncorrelated and BC enhancements were associated to relatively old (10 days) anthropogenic emissions.

Cristofanelli, P.; Fierli, F.; Marinoni, A.; Calzolari, F.; Duchi, R.; Burkhart, J.; Stohl, A.; Maione, M.; Arduini, J.; Bonasoni, P.

2013-01-01

364

Assessing the Financial Viability of Academic Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews and examines approaches to determining the financial viability of academic programmes as a critical component of assessing a programme's overall sustainability. Key to assessing the financial viability of a programme is understanding the teaching activities required to deliver the programme and the cost of those activities. A…

Swift, Lynette

2012-01-01

365

Alternative Submarine Watch Systems: Recommendation for a New CF Submarine Watch Schedule (Systemes Differents d'Horaire de Garde a Bord des Sous-Marins: Nouvel Horaire Recommande Pour les Sous-Marins des FC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The summer 2007 at-sea trial to evaluate the Canadian Forces (CF) submarine watch schedule revealed dangerously low levels of modeled cognitive effectiveness among the crew. In response, Defence Research and Development (DRDC) Toronto hosted an Internatio...

J. C. Miller M. A. Paul S. R. Hursh

2010-01-01

366

Where people look when watching movies: Do all viewers look at the same place?  

PubMed Central

Magnification around the most important point of a movie scene (center of interest - COI) might aid people with visual impairments that cause resolution loss. This will be effective only if most people look at the same place when watching a movie. We recorded the eye movements of 20 normally-sighted subjects as each watched 6 movie clips, totaling 37.5 minutes. More than half of the time the distribution of subject gaze points fell within an area statistic that was less than 12% of the movie scene. Male and older subjects were more likely to look in the same place than female and younger subjects, respectively. We conclude that the between-subject agreement is sufficient to make the approach practical.

Goldstein, Robert B.; Woods, Russell L.; Peli, Eli

2006-01-01

367

Mussel watch update: Long-term trends in selected contaminants from coastal California, 1977-2010.  

PubMed

This study examined trends in contaminants measured during three decades of "Mussel Watch" monitoring on the California coast. Chlorinated organic contaminants and butyltins declined the most rapidly, with tissue concentrations in 2010 that were up to 75% lower than during the 1980s. Silver and lead declined at about half of the stations statewide, but generally exhibited slower rates of decline relative to the organic compounds. In contrast, copper increased at many stations, and PAHs showed little evidence for declines. Mussels from San Francisco Bay and the Southern California Bight were historically the most contaminated and have had the steepest declines. Overall, these data show that the "Mussel Watch" approach to monitoring contaminants in California has provided some of the best evidence of the effectiveness of actions to improve water quality over the past 30years. These datasets also highlight challenges that remain in managing PAHs and copper. PMID:23711838

Melwani, Aroon R; Gregorio, Dominic; Jin, Yujie; Stephenson, Mark; Ichikawa, Gary; Siegel, Emily; Crane, Dave; Lauenstein, Gunnar; Davis, Jay A

2013-05-24

368

Watch the clock-engineering biological systems to be on time.  

PubMed

Inspired by natural time-keeping devices controlling the circadian clock, managing information processing in the brain and coordinating physiological activities on a daily (feeding and sleeping) or seasonal timescale (reproductive activity or hibernation), synthetic biologists have successfully assembled functional synthetic clocks from cataloged genetic components with standardized activities and arranging them in transcription circuits containing positive and negative feedback loops with integrated time-delay dynamics. While the positive feedback loop drives the clock like the (balance) spring in a mechanical watch the negative time-delay circuit represents the pulse generator defining a minimal time unit and precision of the clock like the pendulum fallback or the movement of the balance wheel in a classical mechanic watch. This basic design principle enabled the construction of a variety of synthetic oscillators whose design details are concisely covered in this review. PMID:20934319

Aubel, Dominique; Fussenegger, Martin

2010-10-08

369

Use of the GlucoWatch Biographer in Children With Type 1 Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine whether use of the GlucoWatch biographer improves glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods. Forty children in poor glucose control (gly- cohemoglobin (HbA1c) >8%) were randomized to diabe- tes management with or without glucose monitoring us- ing the biographer. Conventional glucose monitoring was performed 4 times daily in both groups. Those ran- domized

H. Peter Chase; Mary D. Roberts; Clare Wightman; Georgeanna Klingensmith; Satish K. Garg; Michelle Van Wyhe; Shashi Desai; Wesley Harper; Margarita Lopatin; Miroslaw Bartkowiak; Janet Tamada; Richard C. Eastman

2010-01-01

370

“Turtle watching” conservation guidelines: green turtle ( Chelonia mydas ) tourism in nearshore coastal environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a conservational opportunity for humans to ‘use’ the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in a non-consumptive manner. Although the concept of a social safe-minimum standard analysis, as applied to the sustainability\\u000a of tourism-dependent turtle watching, has focused on beach-nesting habitats, other tourist activities like diving and snorkelling\\u000a also occur in shallow coastal habitats frequented by juvenile and adult turtles.

Melissa S. Landry; Christopher T. Taggart

2010-01-01

371

TMPRSS2:ERG gene fusion associated with lethal prostate cancer in a watchful waiting cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification of the TMPRSS2:ERG fusion in prostate cancer suggests that distinct molecular subtypes may define risk for disease progression. In surgical series, TMPRSS2:ERG fusion was identified in 50% of the tumors. Here, we report on a population-based cohort of men with localized prostate cancers followed by expectant (watchful waiting) therapy with 15% (17\\/111) TMPRSS2:ERG fusion. We identified a statistically

F Demichelis; K Fall; S Perner; O Andrén; F Schmidt; S R Setlur; Y Hoshida; J-M Mosquera; Y Pawitan; C Lee; H-O Adami; L A Mucci; P W Kantoff; S-O Andersson; A M Chinnaiyan; J-E Johansson; M A Rubin

2007-01-01

372

Incidental Foreign-Language Acquisition by Children Watching Subtitled Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on adults has demonstrated incidental foreign-language acquisition by watching subtitled television programs in a foreign language. Based on these findings and the literature about the sensitive period for language acquisition, we expected the acquisition to be larger with children. A short subtitled cartoon was presented to Dutch-speaking children (8–12 years old). We varied the channel in which the

Géry d'Ydewalle; Marijke Van de Poel

1999-01-01

373

Polar Activity Watch 200: a new device to accurately assess energy expenditure  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesEnergy expenditure (EE) based on movement detection is calculated by a new device, the Activity Watch 200 (AW200). The aim of this study was to validate EE measured by this device against indirect calorimetry (IC) and to assess the reproducibility of AW200 measurements.DesignEE was assessed during a 9.7 km hike. 10 men and 10 women in the age range 35–45

J. V. Brugniaux; A. Niva; I. Pulkkinen; R. M. T. Laukkanen; J.-P. Richalet; A. P. Pichon

2010-01-01

374

Television watching increases motivated responding for food and energy intake in children1-3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Sedentaryactivities,suchaswatchingtelevision,may disrupthabituationtofoodcues,therebyincreasingmotivationtoeat and energy intake. Objective: These experiments were designed to examine the effect of television watching on habituation of ingestive behavior in children. Design: In experiment 1, all children worked for access to cheese- burgers in trials 1-7 (habituating stimulus). In trials 8-10, children inthecontrolgroupcontinuedtoworkforcheeseburgerswithoutany dishabituatingstimuli,whereaschildrenintheothergroupsreceived either a novel food (French fries) or television as dishabituating stimuli. Responding for

Jennifer L Temple; April M Giacomelli; Kristine M Kent; James N Roemmich; Leonard H Epstein

375

Test report of evaluation of primary exhaust ventilation flowmeters for double shell hydrogen watch list tanks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document reports the results of testing four different flowmeters for use in the primary exhaust ventilation ducts of Double Shell Tanks on the hydrogen watch list that do not already have this capability. This currently includes tanks 241-AW-101,241-AN- 103, 241-AN-104, 241-AN-105 and 241-SY-103. The anticipated airflow velocity in these tanks range from 0.25 m\\/s(50 ft\\/min) to 1\\/78 m\\/s (350

Willingham; Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

376

Who Watched The Children's Pinafore?: Age Transvestism on the Nineteenth-Century Stage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this tarted-up talk, I coin the term “age transvestism” in order to ponder the appeal of the nineteenth-century theatrical craze for watching child actors play adult roles and vice versa. I sketch out the history of a phenomenally popular yet critically ignored tradition of all-child productions in which juvenile performers played every role in dance concerts, dramas, and operettas

Marah Gubar

2012-01-01

377

Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association of time watching television (TV) and physical activity with obesity in the Mediterranean area of Spain with the highest prevalence of obesity.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SETTING: Valencia Region in Spain.PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 814 men and 958 women, aged 15 y and older, participating in a Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 1994.MEASUREMENTS: Height and weight

J Vioque; A Torres; J Quiles

2000-01-01

378

Isotemporal substitution analysis for physical activity, television watching, and risk of depression.  

PubMed

The isotemporal substitution model (ISM) was previously developed as a methodology to study the time-substitution effects of 1 type of activity for another in a data setting with continuous outcomes. To demonstrate the application of ISM with a dichotomous outcome, we prospectively examined the associations of different activities with various activity displacements with depression risk among 32,900 US women from the Nurses' Health Study who were free from depressive symptoms at baseline (in 1996). During a 10-year follow-up, 5,730 incident depression cases were documented. Results from the ISMs indicated that for each physical activity, differences in magnitude of effects of each activity type were observed, dependent on the activity being displaced/substituted. Notably, an isotemporal substitution gradient was found for television watching, in which its association with depression risk varied by its substitution for slow-, average-, or brisk-paced walking in a gradient toward high depression risk when television watching replaced a faster walking pace (relative risk = 1.18, 95% confidence interval: 1.05, 1.31). Conversely, no association with depression was found for replacement of television watching with 60 minutes/day of slow walking, whereas a lower depression risk (relative risk = 0.85, 95% confidence interval: 0.76, 0.95) was found when 60 minutes/day of brisk walking replaced 60 minutes/day of television watching. Thus, the ISM could offer a more meaningful alternative to the standard nonsubstitution models to support public health recommendations. PMID:23785112

Mekary, Rania A; Lucas, Michel; Pan, An; Okereke, Olivia I; Willett, Walter C; Hu, Frank B; Ding, Eric L

2013-06-19

379

Collective SME Approach to Technology Watch and Competitive Intelligence: The Role of Intermediate Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been demonstrated that Technology Watch (TW) and Competitive Intelligence (CI) are important tools for the development\\u000a of R&D activities and the enhancement of competitiveness in enterprises. TW activities are able to detect opportunities and\\u000a threats at an early stage and facilitate the information in to decide and carry out the appropriate strategies. The base of\\u000a TW is the

Jorge Izquierdo; Sergio Larreina

380

Parental influences on television watching among children living on the Texas–Mexico border  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeWe examined the association of parental television (TV) rules and compliance with the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) recommendations of ?2h of television per day in a primarily Hispanic sample of elementary school children (n=734) living on the U.S. side of the Texas–Mexico border. The potential modifying effects of children's home environment (parental TV watching, parent at home after school,

Andrew E. Springer; Steven H. Kelder; Cristina S. Barroso; Kelli L. Drenner; Ross Shegog; Nalini Ranjit; Deanna M. Hoelscher

2010-01-01

381

PSA doubling time of prostate carcinoma managed with watchful observation alone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To study prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time of untreated, favorable grade, prostate carcinoma.Methods and Materials: A prospective single-arm cohort study has been in progress to assess the feasibility of a watchful observation protocol with selective delayed intervention using clinical, histologic, or PSA progression as treatment indication in untreated, localized, favorable grade prostate adenocarcinoma (T1b–T2bN0 M0, Gleason Score ? 7,

Richard Choo; Gerrit DeBoer; Lawrence Klotz; Cyril Danjoux; Gerard C Morton; Eileen Rakovitch; Neil Fleshner; Peter Bunting; Linda Kapusta; George Hruby

2001-01-01

382

Migration Watch: an Internet survey to monitor spring migration in Britain and Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The arrival patterns of summer visitors to Britain and Ireland were monitored from 2002 to 2004 using large numbers of birdwatching\\u000a lists collected by Migration Watch, an Internet-based survey. Records were only accepted from registered observers, and procedures\\u000a for data validation were implemented. We show here how data on the frequency of occurrence from birdwatching lists can be\\u000a analysed to

Stephen R. Baillie; Dawn E. Balmer; Iain S. Downie; Karen H. M. Wright

2006-01-01

383

Watching Your Troubles Away: Television Viewing as a Stimulus for Subjective Self-Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies explored the role of television viewing in eliciting subjective self-awareness and positive self-feelings. Study 1 assessed the effects of self-awareness manipulations via exposure to a neutral television program on actual-ideal discrepancies. Those who watched television showed significantly smaller self- discrepancies than those who did not, independent of mood. Study 2 demonstrated the ecological validity of this finding by

Sophia Moskalenko; Steven J. Heine

2003-01-01

384

Reliability of the Watch-PAT 200 in Detecting Sleep Apnea in Highway Bus Drivers  

PubMed Central

Objective: To predict the validity of Watch-PAT (WP) device for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) among highway bus drivers. Method: A total number of 90 highway bus drivers have undergone polysomnography (PSG) and Watch-PAT test simultaneously. Routine blood tests and the routine ear-nose-throat (ENT) exams have been done as well. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 89.1%, 76.9%, 82% and 85.7% for RDI > 15, respectively. WRDI, WODI, W < 90% duration and Wmean SaO2 results were well correlated with the PSG results. In the sensitivity and specificity analysis, when diagnosis of sleep apnea was defined for different cut-off values of RDI of 5, 10 and 15, AUC (95%CI) were found as 0.84 (0.74-0.93), 0.87 (95%CI: 0.79-0.94) and 0.91 (95%CI: 0.85-0.97), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between Stage1+2/Wlight and Stage REM/WREM. The percentage of Stage 3 sleep had difference significant statistically from the percentage of Wdeep. Total sleep times in PSG and WP showed no statistically important difference. Total NREM duration and total WNREM duration had no difference either. Conclusion: Watch-PAT device is helpful in detecting SDB with RDI > 15 in highway bus drivers, especially in drivers older than 45 years, but has limited value in drivers younger than 45 years old who have less risk for OSA. Therefore, WP can be used in the former group when PSG is not easily available. Citation: Yuceege M; Firat F; Demir A; Ardic S. Reliability of the Watch-PAT 200 in detecting sleep apnea in highway bus drivers. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(4):339-344.

Yuceege, Melike; Firat, Hikmet; Demir, Ahmet; Ardic, Sadik

2013-01-01

385

Watch, Discover, Think, and Act: a model for patient education program development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report we describe the development of the Watch, Discover, Think and Act asthma self-management computer program for inner-city children with asthma. The intervention focused on teaching two categories of behaviors – asthma specific behaviors such as taking preventive medication and self-regulatory processes such as monitoring symptoms and solving asthma problems. These asthma self-management behaviors were then linked with

L. K Bartholomew; R Shegog; G. S Parcel; R. S Gold; M Fernandez; D. I Czyzewski; M. M Sockrider

2000-01-01

386

Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting.  

PubMed

We examined the effect of an image of a pair of eyes on contributions to an honesty box used to collect money for drinks in a university coffee room. People paid nearly three times as much for their drinks when eyes were displayed rather than a control image. This finding provides the first evidence from a naturalistic setting of the importance of cues of being watched, and hence reputational concerns, on human cooperative behaviour. PMID:17148417

Bateson, Melissa; Nettle, Daniel; Roberts, Gilbert

2006-09-22

387

[Smoking initiation and watching television, video, DVD among adolescents in Poland].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between smoking initiation and the time spent watching TV, video, DVD by adolescents 11, 13, and 15-year-old in Poland. The research was conducted in 2010 as a part of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: A WHO Collaborative Cross-national Study (HBSC) in a sample of 4751 students, using a standard, international HBSC questionnaire. It was found that there is a relationship between smoking attempts made by the young people and time spent watching TV during weekdays. In the analyzes using logistic regression combined variable relating to the time to watch TV on weekdays and weekends was used. Nearly a quarter of respondents (24.3%) were qualified to the group of adolescents spending too much time in front of the screen. Age was the strongest predictor of smoking onset. Between 11 and 13 years of age the risk of taking the first cigarette increased three times, and between 11 and 15 years of age more than seven times. Relative risk of smoking attempts related to gender and frequency of watching television, video or DVD was both equal to 1.5. In smoking prevention focused on adolescents it is should be better to pay more attention on constructive leisure time activities, and the role of parents in shaping pro-health attitudes. This is particularly important in the initial stages of schooling, when to develop and enhance the psychosocial competences as a the protective factor of risk taking behaviors among adolescents. PMID:23421048

Kowalewska, Anna; Mazur, Joanna

2012-01-01

388

Video Preference Assessment of Students with Autism for Watching Self, Adults, or Peers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preferences of students with autism for watching themselves, a familiar adult, or a familiar peer in video recordings were examined. A multi-stimulus video preference assessment was used to evaluate the preferences of five students with autism. Three video options of a preferred activity (e.g., vacuuming) or daily\\/routine activity (e.g., snack time) were available to students via a computer-based program.

Linda C. Mechling; Sara V. Moser

2010-01-01

389

The carbon footprint of watching television, comparing digital terrestrial television with video-on-demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimated the carbon footprint of watching broadcast television using digital terrestrial television and online delivery of video-on-demand. The carbon footprint for digital terrestrial television was found to be 0.088 kg CO2e\\/viewer-hour and for online delivery of video-on-demand ranges from 0.030-0.086 kg CO2e\\/viewer-hour. This was based mainly on the energy consumption in the use phase. Results were sensitive to

Jigna Chandaria; Jeff Hunter; Adrian Williams

2011-01-01

390

Testosterone and cortisol release among Spanish soccer fans watching the 2010 World Cup final.  

PubMed

This field study investigated the release of testosterone and cortisol of a vicarious winning experience in Spanish fans watching the finals between Spain and the Netherlands in the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer. Spanish fans (n = 50) watched the match with friends or family in a public place or at home and also participated in a control condition. Consistent with hypotheses, results revealed that testosterone and cortisol levels were higher when watching the match than on a control day. However, neither testosterone nor cortisol levels increased after the victory of the Spanish team. Moreover, the increase in testosterone secretion was not related to participants' sex, age or soccer fandom, but the increase in total cortisol secretion during the match was higher among men than among women and among fans that were younger. Also, increases in cortisol secretion were greater to the degree that people were a stronger fan of soccer. Level of fandom further appeared to account for the sex effect, but not for the age effect. Generally, the testosterone data from this study are in line with the challenge hypothesis, as testosterone levels of watchers increased to prepare their organism to defend or enhance their social status. The cortisol data from this study are in line with social self-preservation theory, as higher cortisol secretion among young and greater soccer fans suggests that especially they perceived that a negative outcome of the match would threaten their own social esteem. PMID:22529940

van der Meij, Leander; Almela, Mercedes; Hidalgo, Vanesa; Villada, Carolina; Ijzerman, Hans; van Lange, Paul A M; Salvador, Alicia

2012-04-18

391

The Watcher and the Watched: Social Judgments about Privacy in a Public Place  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digitally capturing and displaying real-time images of people in public places raises concerns for individual privacy. Applying the principles of Value Sensitive Design, we conducted two studies of people's social judgments about this topic. In Study I, 750 people were surveyed as they walked through a public plaza that was being captured by a HDTV camera and displayed in real-time in the office of a building overlooking the plaza. In Study II, 120 individuals were interviewed about the same topic. Moreover, Study II controlled for whether the participant was a direct stakeholder of the technology (inside the office watching people on the HDTV large-plasma display window) or an indirect stakeholder (being watched in the public venue). Taking both studies together, results (showed the following): (a) the majority of participants upheld some modicum of privacy in public; (b) people's privacy judgments were not a one-dimensional construct, but often involved considerations based on physical harm, psychological well-being, and informed consent; and (c) more women than men expressed concerns about the installation, and, unlike the men, equally brought forward their concerns, whether they were The Watcher or The Watched.

Friedman, Batya; Kahn, Peter H.; Hagman, Jennifer; Severson, Rachel L.; Gill, Brian

392

Audience influence on EGM gambling: the protective effects of having others watch you play.  

PubMed

One component of social facilitation on gambling is the potential for an audience of people to observe the play of Electronic Gaming Machine (EGM) gamblers and influence their behaviour without participating directly in gambling themselves. An experiment was conducted with an audience of onlookers, purported to be students of research methods, taking notes while watching the participants play an EGM. Forty-three male and 82 female participants (N = 125), aged 18-79 (M = 49.2, SD = 15.6), played a laptop simulated 3-reel EGM using a $20 stake in three conditions: (1) alone, (2) watched by a simulated audience of six persons, or (3) watched by an audience of 26. Outcomes on the poker machine were rigged with a fixed sequence of five wins in the first 20 spins and indefinite losses thereafter. The results found smaller bet-sizes associated with larger audiences of onlookers, and this outcome is consistent with a hypothesized motivation to display more wins to the audience. Moreover, final payouts were greater in the audience conditions compared to the control, further suggesting that an audience may be a protective factor limiting player losses. PMID:20714792

Rockloff, Matthew J; Greer, Nancy

2011-09-01

393

Treatment of indolent lymphomas: watchful waiting v aggressive combined modality treatment  

SciTech Connect

Patients with advanced indolent lymphoma often have long survival (median, 4 to 8 years) in spite of frequent relapses. The inability of combination chemotherapy or radiation therapy (RT) to render patients disease free has led to radically divergent treatment approaches. Initial treatment may vary from aggressive combined modality therapy to no initial treatment. We sought to evaluate these two divergent approaches in a randomized trial of advanced indolent lymphomas (nodular, poorly differentiated lymphocytic; nodular mixed; diffuse, well-differentiated lymphocytic; diffuse, intermediately differentiated lymphocytic; and diffuse, poorly differentiated lymphocytic). A total of 104 patients were entered: 44 were randomly assigned to watch and wait in which only carefully defined, limited RT was administered if necessary; 45 were randomly assigned to aggressive combined modality treatment with prednisone, methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, plus etoposide plus mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone (ProMACE-MOPP), followed by total nodal irradiation (TNI); and 15, with symptoms requiring initial therapy, received the identical combined treatment but were not randomly assigned. Of 41 evaluable patients on watch and wait, 23 (56%) have still not required systemic therapy, although 16 (39%) have received limited RT. Median time to crossover was 34 months. Of 18 patients crossed over, seven of the 16 who completed therapy (43%) achieved CR; two (11%) have relapsed. Histologic progression was seen in six (15%) of 41 patients on watch and wait without intervening chemotherapy. Of 45 patients randomly assigned to chemotherapy, 37 (82%) have completed induction therapy, and 29 of the 37 (78%) achieved CR.

Young, R.C.; Longo, D.L.; Glatstein, E.; Ihde, D.C.; Jaffe, E.S.; DeVita, V.T. Jr.

1988-04-01

394

Television watching, diet quality, and physical activity and diabetes among three ethnicities in the United States.  

PubMed

Diabetes is a world-wide epidemic associated with multiple environmental factors. Prolonged television viewing (TV) time has been related to increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in several studies. TV viewing has been positively associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, lower energy expenditure, over-eating high-calorie and high-fat foods. The objective of this study was to assess the associations of hours of TV viewing with dietary quality, obesity and physical activity for three ethnic minorities with and without type 2 diabetes. Diet quality and physical activity were inversely related to prolonged TV viewing. African Americans and participants with type 2 diabetes were more likely to watch more than 4 hours of TV per day as compared to their counterparts. Diet quality was inversely associated with physical activity level. Future studies are needed to establish the risk factors of prolonged TV watching in adult populations for the development of diabetes or diabetes-related complications. Although strategies to reduce TV watching have been proven effective among children, few trials have been conducted in adults. Intervention trials aimed at reducing TV viewing targeting people with type 2 diabetes may be beneficial to improve dietary quality and physical activity, which may reduce diabetes complications. PMID:22851980

Huffman, Fatma G; Vaccaro, Joan A; Exebio, Joel C; Zarini, Gustavo G; Katz, Timothy; Dixon, Zisca

2012-07-17

395

Television Watching, Diet Quality, and Physical Activity and Diabetes among Three Ethnicities in the United States  

PubMed Central

Diabetes is a world-wide epidemic associated with multiple environmental factors. Prolonged television viewing (TV) time has been related to increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in several studies. TV viewing has been positively associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, lower energy expenditure, over-eating high-calorie and high-fat foods. The objective of this study was to assess the associations of hours of TV viewing with dietary quality, obesity and physical activity for three ethnic minorities with and without type 2 diabetes. Diet quality and physical activity were inversely related to prolonged TV viewing. African Americans and participants with type 2 diabetes were more likely to watch more than 4 hours of TV per day as compared to their counterparts. Diet quality was inversely associated with physical activity level. Future studies are needed to establish the risk factors of prolonged TV watching in adult populations for the development of diabetes or diabetes-related complications. Although strategies to reduce TV watching have been proven effective among children, few trials have been conducted in adults. Intervention trials aimed at reducing TV viewing targeting people with type 2 diabetes may be beneficial to improve dietary quality and physical activity, which may reduce diabetes complications.

Huffman, Fatma G.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Exebio, Joel C.; Zarini, Gustavo G.; Katz, Timothy; Dixon, Zisca

2012-01-01

396

Television watching and the emotional impact on social modeling of food intake among children.  

PubMed

The main goal of this study was to test whether exposure to happy, neutral, or sad media content influences social modeling effects of (snack) food intake in young children. The study was conducted at 14 Dutch urban and suburban primary schools. The participants (N=112) were asked to watch a movie with a same-sex normal-weight confederate who was instructed to eat either nothing or a standardized amount of snack food (10 chocolate-coated peanuts). The study involved a 3 (movie clips: happy, neutral, and sad)×2 (peer's food intake: no intake versus a standardized intake) between-participants design. A significant interaction between the movie clip condition and intake condition was found (F(2,102)=3.30, P=.04, Cohen's f(2)=.20). Positive as well as negative emotions were found to lead to adjustment to the intake of a peer, as compared to that of children in the neutral movie condition. The findings suggest that children eat more mindlessly when watching an emotional movie and, therefore, respond more automatically to a peer's food intake, whereas children may be less susceptible to a peer's intake while watching a neutral movie. As young children are not in the position to choose their food consumption environment yet, parents and schools should provide consumption settings that limit eating in front of the television. PMID:23274126

Bevelander, Kirsten E; Meiselman, Herbert L; Anschütz, Doeschka J; Engels, Rutger C M E

2012-12-28

397

Monarch Watch (Last reviewed in the September 17, 1997 edition of the Scout Report)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Monarch Watch is a research program based at the University of Kansas and its goal is to encourage citizen scientists of all ages to help in Monarch conservation efforts. Visitors interested in participating in the conservation efforts will not only find tagging activities, in which more than 100,000 children and adults participate every fall, but also projects that teach about providing food and shelter to Monarchs - mainly planting milkweed and growing butterfly gardens. The "Research Projects" section of the homepage provides links to five scientist/student partnership projects that classrooms can try. The "Monarch Size and Mass" project teaches students how to safely take different types of measurements of live Monarchs, record the data, and send it to the Monarch Watch program. The purpose of the project is to learn what enables some Monarchs to survive their yearly 2,500 mile migration to Mexico, and what prevents some from surviving the migration. Some of the other projects for the classroom include "Tagging Monarchs" and "Larval Monitoring". There is also a Monarch Watch Blog, Forums, an email list as well as links to follow them on Facebook and Twitter.

398

The Archive of the Amateur Observation Network of the International Halley Watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Halley Watch (IHW) was organized for the purpose of gathering and archiving the most complete record of the apparition of a comet, Comet Halley (1982i = 1986 III = 1P/Halley), ever compiled. The redirection of the International Cometary Explorer (ICE), toward Comet Giacobini-Zinner (1984e = 1985 XIII = 21P/Giacobini-Zinner) prompted the initiation of a formal watch on that comet. All the data collected on P/Giacobini-Zinner and P/Halley have been published on CD-ROM in the Comet Halley Archive. This document contains a printed version of the archive data, collected by amateur astronomers, on these two comets. Volume 1 contains the Comet Giacobini-Zinner data archive and Volume 2 contains the Comet Halley archive. Both volumes include information on how to read the data in both archives, as well as a history of both comet watches (including the organizing of the network of astronomers and lessons learned from that experience).

Edberg, Stephen J.

1996-02-01

399

The Archive of the Amateur Observation Network of the International Halley Watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Halley Watch (IHW) was organized for the purpose of gathering and archiving the most complete record of the apparition of a comet, Comet Halley (1982i = 1986 III = 1P/Halley), ever compiled. The redirection of the International Cometary Explorer (ICE), toward Comet Giacobini-Zinner (1984e = 1985 XIII = 21P/Giacobini-Zinner) prompted the initiation of a formal watch on that comet. All the data collected on P/Giacobini-Zinner and P/Halley have been published on CD-ROM in the Comet Halley Archive. This document contains a printed version of the archive data, collected by amateur astronomers, on these two comets. Volume 1 contains the Comet Giacobini-Zinner data archive and Volume 2 contains the Comet Halley archive. Both volumes include information on how to read the data in both archives, as well as a history of both comet watches (including the organizing of the network of astronomers and lessons learned from that experience).

Edberg, Stephen J.

1996-10-01

400

The Archive of the Amateur Observation Network of the International Halley Watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Halley Watch (IHW) was organized for the purpose of gathering and archiving the most complete record of the apparition of a comet, Halley's Comet (1982i = 1986 III = 1P/Halley), ever compiled. The redirection of the International Sun-Earth Explorer 3 (ISEE-3) spacecraft, subsequently renamed the International Cometary Explorer (ICE), toward Comet Giacobini- Zinner (1984e = 1985 XIII = 21P/Giacobini-Zinner) prompted the initiation of a formal watch on that comet. All the data collected on P/Giacobini-Zinner and P/Halley have been published on CD-ROM in the Comet Halley Archive. This document contains a printed version of the archive data, collected by amateur astronomers, on these two comets. Volume 1 contains the Comet Giacobini-Zinner data archive and Volume 2 contains the Comet Halley archive. Both volumes include information on how to read the data in both archives, as well as a history of both comet watches (including the organizing of the network of astronomers and lessons learned from that experience).

Edberg, Stephen J.

1996-02-01

401

Testosterone and Cortisol Release among Spanish Soccer Fans Watching the 2010 World Cup Final  

PubMed Central

This field study investigated the release of testosterone and cortisol of a vicarious winning experience in Spanish fans watching the finals between Spain and the Netherlands in the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer. Spanish fans (n?=?50) watched the match with friends or family in a public place or at home and also participated in a control condition. Consistent with hypotheses, results revealed that testosterone and cortisol levels were higher when watching the match than on a control day. However, neither testosterone nor cortisol levels increased after the victory of the Spanish team. Moreover, the increase in testosterone secretion was not related to participants' sex, age or soccer fandom, but the increase in total cortisol secretion during the match was higher among men than among women and among fans that were younger. Also, increases in cortisol secretion were greater to the degree that people were a stronger fan of soccer. Level of fandom further appeared to account for the sex effect, but not for the age effect. Generally, the testosterone data from this study are in line with the challenge hypothesis, as testosterone levels of watchers increased to prepare their organism to defend or enhance their social status. The cortisol data from this study are in line with social self-preservation theory, as higher cortisol secretion among young and greater soccer fans suggests that especially they perceived that a negative outcome of the match would threaten their own social esteem.

van der Meij, Leander; Almela, Mercedes; Hidalgo, Vanesa; Villada, Carolina; IJzerman, Hans; van Lange, Paul A. M.; Salvador, Alicia

2012-01-01

402

How chocolate keeps you slim. The effect of food temptations on weight watching goal importance, intentions, and eating behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Western rich food environment, people are constantly confronted with palatable but unhealthy food products. For those who would like to watch their weight, the appeal of immediate satisfaction is in conflict with their long-term weight watching goal, constituting a classic self-control dilemma. The current studies were designed to test the effect of food temptations on self-regulation mechanisms. Hypotheses

Floor M. Kroese; Catharine Evers; Denise T. D. De Ridder

2009-01-01

403

Short and Long-term Effects of Whale Watching on Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) in British Columbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of cetacean studies have shown that whale watching causes short-term behavioral changes in individuals, but none have yet demonstrated long-term population effects. This is particularly true of killer whales ( Orcinus orca). In British Columbia, killer whales have precisely known population dynamics and there is a well-documented history of whale watching activity. Studies of the effects of vessels

Andrew W. Trites; David E. Bain

404

Watch-and-Comment as an Approach to Collaboratively Annotate Points of Interest in Video and Interactive-TV Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In earlier work we proposed the Watch-and-Comment (WaC) paradigm as the seamless capture of multimodal comments made by one\\u000a or more users while watching a video, resulting in the automatic generation of multimedia documents specifying annotated interactive\\u000a videos. The aim is to allow services to be offered by applying document engineering techniques to the multimedia document\\u000a generated automatically. The WaC

Maria da Graça C. Pimentel; Renan G. Cattelan; Erick L. Melo; Giliard B. Freitas; Cesar A. Teixeira

405

Multiple channel programmable coincidence counter  

DOEpatents

A programmable digital coincidence counter having multiple channels and featuring minimal dead time. Neutron detectors supply electrical pulses to a synchronizing circuit which in turn inputs derandomized pulses to an adding circuit. A random access memory circuit connected as a programmable length shift register receives and shifts the sum of the pulses, and outputs to a serializer. A counter is input by the adding circuit and downcounted by the serializer, one pulse at a time. The decoded contents of the counter after each decrement is output to scalers.

Arnone, G.J.

1989-02-27

406

Radon programme: presence and future.  

PubMed

An overview of radon programme experience is presented. The paper summarises broad topics concerning radon issue: philosophy of radon policy, radon measurements strategies with respect to indoor radon variation, progress in radon measurement of an individual house (radon diagnosis), national programmes, the role of preventive measures and interventions with respect to existing and future exposure and knowledge of radon risk, problems of remediation strategies, radon mapping process and sense of delineation of radon prone areas, public awareness on radon issue and publicity campaign. Some research activities are proposed aiming at effective solutions for radon issues in the future. PMID:18420575

Hulka, J

2008-04-16

407

NMG documentation. Part II. Programmer`s guide  

SciTech Connect

This is the 2nd of a 3-part report documenting NMG, the Numerical Mathematics Guide. This part is aimed at the programmer and contains Chapter 2, how it works. (Part I is aimed at the user of the system; Part III is aimed at the maintainer of NMG and will receive only limited distribution.)

Fritsch, F.N.; Dickinson, R.P. Jr.

1996-07-01

408

Progress of French Nuclear Programme.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aims of the French nuclear programme launched in 1974 are briefly recalled to mind, as are the projects completed at the end of 1980. The operating results mentioned, particularly concern the new PWR units brought into commercial service in 1980. (Ato...

J. H. Pierrard

1981-01-01

409

Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

2009-01-01

410

Evaluation of quality improvement programmes  

PubMed Central

?? In response to increasing concerns about quality, many countries are carrying out large scale programmes which include national quality strategies, hospital programmes, and quality accreditation, assessment and review processes. Increasing amounts of resources are being devoted to these interventions, but do they ensure or improve quality of care? There is little research evidence as to their effectiveness or the conditions for maximum effectiveness. Reasons for the lack of evaluation research include the methodological challenges of measuring outcomes and attributing causality to these complex, changing, long term social interventions to organisations or health systems, which themselves are complex and changing. However, methods are available which can be used to evaluate these programmes and which can provide decision makers with research based guidance on how to plan and implement them. This paper describes the research challenges, the methods which can be used, and gives examples and guidance for future research. It emphasises the important contribution which such research can make to improving the effectiveness of these programmes and to developing the science of quality improvement.

Ovretveit, J; Gustafson, D

2002-01-01

411

Benefits—Satisfaction—Loyalty Linkages in Retail Loyalty Card Programme Model: Exploring the Roles of Programme Trust and Programme Commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigations to determine whether benefits that members derived from a loyalty programme could influence their satisfaction, trust, commitment, loyalty with the programme, and ultimately store loyalty are critical to elucidating the roles and significance of constructs and advancing management practise. With this in mind, our research aims to assess the effects of the loyalty programme's benefits offered by one of

Rosidah Musa; Nor Asiah Omar; Musramaini Mustapha

412

Watch It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the school chief information officer (CIO), safeguarding students and facilities is as much a part of the job description as keeping the data networks running and the servers protected from hackers. This article describes how two districts, Miami-Dade County Public Schools and Taos Municipal Schools, secured their surveillance systems. The…

Bolch, Matt

2008-01-01

413

Weather Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests a number of ways in which Federal Aviation Agency weather report printouts can be used in teaching the weather section of meteorology. These weather sequence reports can be obtained free of charge at most major airports. (JR)

Bratt, Herschell Marvin

1973-01-01

414

Cloud Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this activity is to explore the connections between cloud type, cloud cover, and weather and stimulate student interest in taking cloud type observations. Students observe cloud type and coverage and weather conditions over a five-day period and correlate these observations. Students make and test predictions using these observations. The intended outcome is that students learn to draw inferences from observations and use them to make and test predictions.

The GLOBE Program, UCAR (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research)

2003-08-01

415

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This report gives past and forecast streamflow conditions for the Northeast, South, Great Lakes, Plains, Southwest, and Northwest regions of the US. Also included are statistics on total hydro operating capacity for those regions, as well as a 10-year average for March. The operating capacity is for selected power producers in each region, such as TVA and the Corps of Engineers.

Gruber, N. (C. T. Male Associates, Syracuse, NY (United States))

1993-05-01

416

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

It is now clear that the immune system plays a critical role not only during oncogenesis and tumor progression, but also as established neoplastic lesions respond to therapy. Selected cytotoxic chemicals can indeed elicit immunogenic cell death, a functionally peculiar type of apoptosis that stimulates tumor-specific cognate immune responses. Such immunogenic chemotherapeutics include cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and oxaliplatin (which are approved by FDA for the treatment of various hematological and solid malignancies), mitoxantrone (which is currently employed both as an anticancer agent and against multiple sclerosis) and patupilone (a microtubular poison in clinical development). One year ago, in the second issue of OncoImmunology, we discussed the scientific rationale behind immunogenic chemotherapy and reviewed the status of recent clinical trials investigating the off-label use of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, oxaliplatin and mitoxantrone in cancer patients. Here, we summarize the latest developments in this area of clinical research, covering both high-impact studies that have been published during the last 13 months and clinical trials that have been initiated in the same period to assess the antineoplastic profile of immunogenic chemotherapeutics.

Vacchelli, Erika; Senovilla, Laura; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

417

Television watching  

MedlinePLUS

... fewer than 2 hours per day for older children. Excessive television viewing may cause some of the following problems: ... Committee on Public Education. Children, adolescents, and ... Christakis DA. A systematic review for the effects of television ...

418

Standing Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Russlynn Ali, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights at the Department of Education, is charged with enforcing a wide range of education equity laws. Ali was a passionate activist in California helping champion educational equity for minorities. Today, as Ali approaches her third year working as assistant secretary for civil rights, she says she…

Stuart, Reginald

2011-01-01

419

Monarch Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Classroom study ideas, questions, and multimedia dealing with Monarch butterflies as classroom study organisms. Information about conservation, migration and tagging, biology, and live butterflies for sale is presented.

0002-11-30

420

Watch It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the school chief information officer (CIO), safeguarding students and facilities is as much a part of the job description as keeping the data networks running and the servers protected from hackers. This article describes how two districts, Miami-Dade County Public Schools and Taos Municipal Schools, secured their surveillance systems. The…

Bolch, Matt

2008-01-01

421

Planet Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity explores the potential impact of climate variability and change on one of Earth's increasingly vulnerable resources, forests. Although this activity is designed to tap specific skills and knowledge through scientific inquiry, its broader intent is to stimulate thought about the long-term impacts of a warmer planet. The activity focuses on a specific aspect of the climate variability and change issue - the impact of climate variability and change on New England forests. Its scenario invites students to examine higher level issues of climate variability and change by creating a practical, scientifically sound model to address specific points of a localized socioeconomic situation. Students will explore contemporary thought about the issue of climate variability and change, examine the issues as they relate to a specific, socially relevant situation, investigate claims supporting opposing viewpoints, determine whether the issues constitute a realistic problem, analyze scientific evidence about the situation, and present and defend their recommendations for action. This module is one of twelve of an overall series entitled The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change.

Hornyak, John

422

Nature Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children are naturally curious about the world in which they live. To focus this sense of wonder, have your students investigate their local habitat as it changes over the year. This multiseason study will build connections and add relevance to the habitats that children learn about. This series of activities for grades 4-6 explores the changing…

Sterling, Donna R.

2010-01-01

423

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have long been known for their ability to initiate innate immune responses upon exposure to conserved microbial components such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and double-stranded RNA. More recently, this family of pattern recognition receptors has been attributed a critical role in the elicitation of anticancer immune responses, raising interest in the development of immunochemotherapeutic regimens based on natural or synthetic TLR agonists. In spite of such an intense wave of preclinical and clinical investigation, only three TLR agonists are currently licensed by FDA for use in cancer patients: bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG), an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis that operates as a mixed TLR2/TLR4 agonist; monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a derivative of Salmonella minnesota that functions as a potent agonist of TLR4; and imiquimod, a synthetic imidazoquinoline that activates TLR7. One year ago, in the August and September issues of OncoImmunology, we described the main biological features of TLRs and discussed the progress of clinical studies evaluating the safety and therapeutic potential of TLR agonists in cancer patients. Here, we summarize the latest developments in this exciting area of research, focusing on preclinical studies that have been published during the last 13 mo and clinical trials launched in the same period to investigate the antineoplastic activity of TLR agonists.

Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Galon, Jerome; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

424

Ever watchful  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ESA Ground Infrastructure described is generally classified under: (1) facilities for the development phases; (2) launch and landing facilities; (3) ground operations facilities; (4) the European Astronauts Centre; and (5) data handling and data arching facilities. The Ground Infrastructure encompasses support during all stages of the projects from their conception and operational control during the launch and in-orbit phases.

Longdon, Norman

1991-10-01

425

Number Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

John Brignell, Professor Emeritus from the Department of Electronics & Computer Science at the University of Southampton, is the author of this informal website "devoted to the monitoring of the misleading numbers that rain down on us via the media." Brignell says he aims to "nail" a few of the "Single Issue Fanatics (SIFs), politicians, bureaucrats, quasi-scientists (junk, pseudo- or just bad)," who use misleading numbers to write catchy articles or who try to keep numbers away from public notice. Since April 2000, he has been posting a "number of the month" as well as a "number for the year," which offer his commentary on media usage of misleading numbers and explanations for why the numbers are misleading. He also posts book reviews and an extensive list of online resources on statistics and statistics education. The FAQ section includes answers to some interesting questions, such as "Is there such a thing as average global temperature?" and some more basic questions such as "What is the Normal Distribution and what is so normal about it?" The Bits and Pieces section includes a variety of short articles on statistics and his definitions for some terms he uses on the website. Visitors are also invited to join the discussion forum (complete with a few advertisements) and view comments by others who want to discuss "wrong numbers in science, politics and the media." A few comments sent to Brignell and his responses are also posted online. This site is also reviewed in the February 11, 2005_NSDL MET Report_.

426

Suicide Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers say the best way to prevent suicide is to find and treat kids with depression and substance-abuse problems. Schools should also develop a suicide-prevention policy, make curriculum decisions wisely, train staff as detectives, notify parents, make sure affected children get help, and attend to survivors. (Contains 13 references.) (MLH)|

Jones, Rebecca

2001-01-01

427

Bird Watching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief Web page from Enchanted Learning.com is actually a broader resource than it appears at first glance. By clicking on the highlighted links kids can learn a bit about how to become a knowledgeable bird watcher, and how to attract birds to their yards. The Zoom Birds link takes the user to a more extensive Enchanted Learning.com page about birds in general.

1997-01-01

428

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

During the past two decades, the notion that cancer would merely constitute a cell-intrinsic disease has gradually been complemented by a model postulating that the immune system plays a relevant role during all stages of oncogenesis and tumor progression. Along with this conceptual shift, several strategies have been devised to stimulate tumor-specific immune responses, including relatively unselective approaches such as the systemic administration of adjuvants or immunomodulatory cytokines. One year ago, in the July issue of OncoImmunology, we described the main biological features of this large group of proteins and discussed the progress of ongoing clinical studies evaluating their safety and therapeutic potential in cancer patients. Here, we summarize the latest developments in this area of clinical research, focusing on high impact studies that have been published during the last 13 mo and clinical trials launched in the same period to investigate which cytokines can be employed as safe and efficient immunostimulatory interventions against cancer.

Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

429

Nature watch  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) and the Peepul (Ficus religiosa) trees associated with the Buddha come under a family of trees with murderous tendencies. These trees belonging to the genus Ficus, also found in the forests of the Western Ghats, end up killing the trees which nurture them in their infancy! Unlike its civilized urban counterpart, the wild banyan strangles its

Vidya R. Athreya

1997-01-01

430

National Radiobiology Archives distributed access programmer`s guide  

SciTech Connect

The National Radiobiology Archives is a comprehensive effort to gather, organize, and catalog original data, representative specimens, and supporting materials related to significant radiobiology studies. This provides researchers with information for analyses which compare or combine results of these and other studies and with materials for analysis by advanced molecular biology techniques. This Programmer`s Guide document describes the database access software, NRADEMO, and the subset loading script NRADEMO/MAINT/MAINTAIN, which comprise the National Laboratory Archives Distributed Access Package. The guide is intended for use by an experienced database management specialist. It contains information about the physical and logical organization of the software and data files. It also contains printouts of all the scripts and associated batch processing files. It is part of a suite of documents published by the National Radiobiology Archives.

Prather, J.C. [Linfield Coll., McMinnville, OR (United States); Smith, S.K.; Watson, C.R. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1991-12-01

431

Young children in urban areas: Links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watching  

PubMed Central

Although research consistently demonstrates a link between residential context and physical activity for adults and adolescents, less is known about young children’s physical activity. Using data from the U.S. Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=1822, 51% male), we explored whether outdoor play and television watching were associated with children’s body mass indexes (BMIs) at age five using OLS regression models, controlling for a wide array of potential confounders, including maternal BMI. We also tested whether subjective and objective neighborhood measures - socioeconomic status (from U.S. Census tract data), type of dwelling, perceived collective efficacy, and interviewer-assessed physical disorder of the immediate environment outside the home -were associated with children’s activities, using negative binomial regression models. Overall, 19% of the sample were overweight (between the 85th and 95th percentiles), and 16% were obese (?95th percentile). Hours of outdoor play were negatively associated with BMI, and hours of television were positively associated with BMI. Moreover, a ratio of outdoor play to television time was a significant predictor of BMI. Higher maternal perceptions of neighborhood collective efficacy were associated with more hours of outdoor play, fewer hours of television viewing, and more trips to a park or playground. In addition, we found that neighborhood physical disorder was associated with both more outdoor play and more television watching. Finally, contrary to expectations, we found that children living in public housing had significantly more hours of outdoor play and watched more television, than other children. We hypothesize that poorer children may have more unstructured time, which they fill with television time but also with outdoor play time; and that children in public housing may be likely to have access to play areas on the grounds of their housing facilities.

Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; McLanahan, Sara

2011-01-01

432

Seagrass-Watch: Engaging Torres Strait Islanders in marine habitat monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Involvement in scientifically structured habitat monitoring is a relatively new concept to the peoples of Torres Strait. The approach we used was to focus on awareness, and to build the capacity of groups to participate using Seagrass-Watch as the vehicle to provide education and training in monitoring marine ecosystems. The project successfully delivered quality scientifically rigorous baseline information on the seasonality of seagrasses in the Torres Strait—a first for this region. Eight seagrass species were identified across the monitoring sites. Seagrass cover varied within and between years. Preliminary evidence indicated that drivers for seagrass variability were climate related. Generally, seagrass abundance increased during the north-west monsoon ( Kuki), possibly a consequence of elevated nutrients, lower tidal exposure times, less wind, and higher air temperatures. Low seagrass abundance coincided with the presence of greater winds and longer periods of exposure at low tides during the south-east trade wind season ( Sager). No seasonal patterns were apparent when frequency of disturbance from high sedimentation and human impacts was high. Seagrass-Watch has been incorporated in to the Thursday Island High School's Marine Studies Unit ensuring continuity of monitoring. The students, teachers, and other interested individuals involved in Seagrass-Watch have mastered the necessary scientific procedures to monitor seagrass meadows, and developed skills in coordinating a monitoring program and skills in mentoring younger students. This has increased the participants' self-esteem and confidence, and given them an insight into how they may participate in the future management of their sea country.

Mellors, Jane E.; McKenzie, Len J.; Coles, Robert G.

2008-09-01

433

Young children in urban areas: links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watching.  

PubMed

Although research consistently demonstrates a link between residential context and physical activity for adults and adolescents, less is known about young children's physical activity. Using data from the U.S. Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=1822, 51% male), we explored whether outdoor play and television watching were associated with children's body mass indexes (BMIs) at age five using OLS regression models, controlling for a wide array of potential confounders, including maternal BMI. We also tested whether subjective and objective neighborhood measures - socioeconomic status (from U.S. Census tract data), type of dwelling, perceived collective efficacy, and interviewer-assessed physical disorder of the immediate environment outside the home - were associated with children's activities, using negative binomial regression models. Overall, 19% of the sample were overweight (between the 85th and 95th percentiles), and 16% were obese (? 95th percentile). Hours of outdoor play were negatively associated with BMI, and hours of television were positively associated with BMI. Moreover, a ratio of outdoor play to television time was a significant predictor of BMI. Higher maternal perceptions of neighborhood collective efficacy were associated with more hours of outdoor play, fewer hours of television viewing, and more trips to a park or playground. In addition, we found that neighborhood physical disorder was associated with both more outdoor play and more television watching. Finally, contrary to expectations, we found that children living in public housing had significantly more hours of outdoor play and watched more television, than other children. We hypothesize that poorer children may have more unstructured time, which they fill with television time but also with outdoor play time; and that children in public housing may be likely to have access to play areas on the grounds of their housing facilities. PMID:21324574

Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; McLanahan, Sara

2011-01-25

434

An implementation model for lean programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

While lean programmes continue to be implemented in many companies, there is a rising concern regarding the failures of these programmes. Many of them fail because we do not know how to implement them. Using the experience with a lean programme in an aircraft maintenance and repair operation, the purpose of the research was to develop an implementation model which

Satya S. Chakravorty

2010-01-01

435

Handwashing programme in kindergarten: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of a structured programme on handwashing which has taken into account of the developmental stage of children. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a pilot study using a structured handwashing programme as intervention. The intervention group (n=15) receives the structured education programme on handwashing in addition to their existing curriculum,

W. H. Au; L. K. P. Suen; Y. L. Kwok

2010-01-01

436

Unesco’s Ethics Education Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unesco initiated the Ethics Education Programme in 2004 at the request of member states to reinforce and increase the capacities in the area of ethics teaching. The programme is focused on providing detailed information about existing teaching programmes. It also develops and promotes teaching through proposals for core curricula, through a training course for ethics teachers and by distributing educational

H. A. M. J. ten Have

2008-01-01

437

Effectiveness of sterile needle and syringe programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first comprehensive international review of the evidence for needle syringe programmes. The major, and now overwhelmingly strong, finding is that needle syringe programmes reduce HIV transmission effectively, safely and cost effectively. The size of the benefit is substantial. There is compelling evidence that needle syringe programmes reduce HIV incidence and HIV prevalence by reducing HIV risk behaviour.

Alex Wodak; Annie Cooney

2005-01-01

438

Teaching and Learning National Transformation Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a research project undertaken on behalf of the Standards Unit to research the impact of the Teaching and Learning National Transformation Programme for the Learning and Skills sector. The transformational programme is best described as having three enablers, namely teaching and learning resources to support practitioners, subject coaching network meetings, and a professional training programme for

Liz Browne

2006-01-01

439

Ray tracing on programmable graphics hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently a breakthrough has occurred in graphics hardware: fixed function pipelines have been replaced with programmable vertex and fragment processors. In the near future, the graphics pipeline is likely to evolve into a general programmable stream processor capable of more than simply feed-forward triangle rendering.In this paper, we evaluate these trends in programmability of the graphics pipeline and explain how

Timothy J. Purcell; Ian Buck; William R. Mark; Pat Hanrahan

2002-01-01

440

Unlikely Scenario: Halt Of Iranian Nuclear Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes if a change in domestic political dynamics might lead to a change of attitude toward abandoning Iranian nuclear programme, focusing on the attitudes of Iranian political factions, namely radical conservatives, pragmatic conservatives and reformists toward the Iranian nuclear programme. Presently, there is a common agreement among the political factions on how to continue on nuclear programme. Though

Irem ASKAR KARAKIR; Nilufer KARACASULU

2010-01-01

441

Stakeholder Perspectives: CLIL Programme Management in Estonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2000, Estonia launched a voluntary Estonian language CLIL programme for seven year-olds in four Russian-medium schools. The programme has expanded rapidly to a total of 48 kindergartens and schools. This paper reports on research into stakeholder perspectives on programme management. In addition to surveying parents, teachers, vice-principals…

Mehisto, Peeter; Asser, Hiie

2007-01-01

442

School Security Assessment Programme in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a successful security risk management programme in Australia. The state-wide programme follows a structured risk management approach focusing on the safety and security of people, information, provision, and assets in the school environment. To assist school principals, a Security Risk Assessment Programme was developed on…

Marrapodi, John

2007-01-01

443

Assessing an academic library liaison programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liaison programmes have been in existence in academic libraries for a number of years. A liaison programme is a co-operative agreement between the library and academic units to foster better communication, improve services and enhance collection development. In order for it to be operated effectively such a programme needs to be assessed on an ongoing basis. Reports the findings of

Cynthia C. Ryans; Raghini S. Suresh; Wei-Ping Zhang

1995-01-01

444

Spontaneous-Idiopathic Left Anterior Descending Artery Dissection: Is Watchful Waiting Better Than Immediate Stenting?  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare, complex disease, nowadays poorly understood yet. The lack of firm recommendations about this issue is a great limitation which makes any therapeutic decision controversial. The case described is that of a young, otherwise healthy woman, who presented with an ostial dissection of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Due to patient's stable clinical and hemodynamic parameters, we used a cautious approach based on watchful waiting and medical therapy, postponing stenting in order to achieve a partial vessel reopening with a more comfortable access to PCI.

Arrivi, A.; Bazzucchi, M.; De Paolis, M.; Placanica, A.; Bock, C.; Milici, C.; Boschetti, E.; Dominici, M.

2013-01-01

445

Vigilant watching over: mothers' actions to safeguard their premature babies in the newborn intensive care nursery.  

PubMed

The critical ethnography described in this article explored how a diverse group of 12 mothers describe and interpret their experience of having a hospitalized premature baby, including the mothers' actions in a newborn intensive care unit (NICU) and conditions affecting their descriptions, interpretations, and actions throughout 448 hours of participant observation. A central feature of their experience encompassed a repertoire of actions to vigilantly watch over their babies in the NICU. The results of this study suggest that health care providers often interpreted mothers' actions differently than intended, which creates barriers to achieving family-centered care in the NICU. PMID:11785577

Hurst, I

2001-12-01

446

Forest Watch: Using Student Data to Monitor Forest Response to Ground-Level Ozone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forest Watch, a k-12 science outreach program begun at the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in 1991, has engaged pre-college students in providing UNH researchers with data on the annual response of white pine (Pinus strobus; a bio-indicator species for ozone exposure) to ground-level ozone across the New England region. Each year, student-collected growth and foliar symptomology data for 5 pine trees adjacent to their schools, along with first-year foliar samples, are submitted to UNH. Key foliar symptoms and student data are compared with summer monthly (JJA) maximum ozone concentrations collected by state and federal ozone monitoring stations across the region. To date, tree health indicators are inversely correlated (r2=0.83;p=0.10) with ozone concentrations: low ozone levels correlate with symptoms of good health (spectral indices diagnostic of high foliar chlorophyll levels and moisture content, normal incremental growth, low number of foliar symptoms), while summers characterized by high ozone concentrations correlate with symptoms of reduced health (low chlorophyll indices and moisture content, reduced incremental growth, increased number of foliar symptoms). In drought years (1999, 2001, 2002, 2003) few foliar symptoms of ozone damage are seen even though ozone levels were high, likely due to drought-induced stomatal closure. Based on student data since 1998, either low ozone summers, or drought summers have resulted in improved health in the sampled trees (n=30). Based on the success of Forest Watch in New England, we are exploring the extension of the program to Colorado as Front Range Forest Watch, operated from Colorado State University (CSU). The primary objective is to develop a student-scientist-local agency project that addresses real ecological issues in northern Colorado, including ozone pollution, and to provide pre-college students and teachers authentic science experiences. CSU runs a GK-12 program with Poudre School District in northern Colorado, which infuses ecology graduate students into the public school system to assist in the delivery of science content. The extension of Forest Watch to northern Colorado will provide a test-bed for the possible extension of the program to the rest of the state.

Spencer, S.; Rock, B. N.

2006-12-01

447

Watching a Protein as it Functions with 150-ps Time-Resolved X-ray Crystallography  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report picosecond time-resolved x-ray diffraction from the myoglobin (Mb) mutant in which Leu29 is replaced by Phe (L29F mutant). The frame-by-frame structural evolution, resolved to 1.8 angstroms, allows one to literally ``watch'' the protein as it executes its function. Time-resolved mid-infrared spectroscopy of flash-photolyzed L29F MbCO revealed a short-lived CO intermediate whose 140-ps lifetime is shorter than that found

Friedrich Schotte; Manho Lim; Timothy A. Jackson; Aleksandr V. Smirnov; Jayashree Soman; John S. Olson; George N. Phillips; Michael Wulff; Philip A. Anfinrud

2003-01-01

448

Watch glasses exposed to 6 MV photons and 10 MeV electrons analysed by means of ESR technique: A preliminary study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we report a case study of the ESR response of watch glasses exposed to 6 MV photons and to 10 MeV electrons. The choice of watch glasses is justified by the fact that watch glasses are very close to the exposed individual. For both types of radiation beams, the absorbed doses belong to the range between 1 and 20 Gy.

M. Marrale; A. Longo; M. C. D’Oca; A. Bartolotta; M. Brai

2011-01-01

449

A Language for Programmable Controllers  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Programmable controllers are playing an increasing role inthe construction of critical systems. The standard IEC 1131-3 defines anumber of interrelated languages for the expression of PLC programs.Here we consider one of the IEC 1131-3 languages, that of functionblocks. We present a rational reconstruction of the language with aformal semantics and argue that this reconstruction is faithful to the originallanguage.

Stuart Anderson; Konstantinos Tourlas

450

Programmable spark counter of tracks  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the purpose, a new set—the programmable all-automatic spark counter AIST-4—has been developed and manufactured. Compared to our previous automated spark counter ISTRA, which was operated by the integrated fixed program, the new set is operated completely by a personal computer. The mechanism for pressing and pulling the aluminized foil is put into action by a step motor operated by

A. E. Denisov; V. A. Nikolaev; I. B. Vorobjev

2005-01-01

451

Programmable nanowire circuits for nanoprocessors.  

PubMed

A nanoprocessor constructed from intrinsically nanometre-scale building blocks is an essential component for controlling memory, nanosensors and other functions proposed for nanosystems assembled from the bottom up. Important steps towards this goal over the past fifteen years include the realization of simple logic gates with individually assembled semiconductor nanowires and carbon nanotubes, but with only 16 devices or fewer and a single function for each circuit. Recently, logic circuits also have been demonstrated that use two or three elements of a one-dimensional memristor array, although such passive devices without gain are difficult to cascade. These circuits fall short of the requirements for a scalable, multifunctional nanoprocessor owing to challenges in materials, assembly and architecture on the nanoscale. Here we describe the design, fabrication and use of programmable and scalable logic tiles for nanoprocessors that surmount these hurdles. The tiles were built from programmable, non-volatile nanowire transistor arrays. Ge/Si core/shell nanowires coupled to designed dielectric shells yielded single-nanowire, non-volatile field-effect transistors (FETs) with uniform, programmable threshold voltages and the capability to drive cascaded elements. We developed an architecture to integrate the programmable nanowire FETs and define a logic tile consisting of two interconnected arrays with 496 functional configurable FET nodes in an area of ?960 ?m(2). The logic tile was programmed and operated first as a full adder with a maximal voltage gain of ten and input-output voltage matching. Then we showed that the same logic tile can be reprogrammed and used to demonstrate full-subtractor, multiplexer, demultiplexer and clocked D-latch functions. These results represent a significant advance in the complexity and functionality of nanoelectronic circuits built from the bottom up with a tiled architecture that could be cascaded to realize fully integrated nanoprocessors with computing, memory and addressing capabilities. PMID:21307937

Yan, Hao; Choe, Hwan Sung; Nam, SungWoo; Hu, Yongjie; Das, Shamik; Klemic, James F; Ellenbogen, James C; Lieber, Charles M

2011-02-10

452

A programmable neural oscillator cell  

SciTech Connect

A programmable analog neural oscillator cell architecture is presented. The proposed neuron circuit is of hysteretic neural nature with its implementation based on operational transconductance amplifiers (OTA's). The hysteresis loop as well as the frequency of oscillation are voltage (or current) dependent. The architecture, which involves two OTA's, a current mirror, a capacitor, a diode, and a resistor is very suitable for monolithic integrated circuits. Experimental results confirm the expected flexibilty of the synthetic neuron.

Linares-Barranco, B.; Sanchez-Sinencio, E. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); RodriguezVazquez, A.; Huertas, J.L. (Dept. of Electronics and Electromagnets, Faculty of Physics, Univ. of Seville, 41012 Seville (ES))

1989-05-01

453

Programmable Master-Timer System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) master-timer system provides a 96-channel timing solution of programmable signals and eight predefined system signals required for accelerator operation. Each signal may differ in delay, length, and rate of repetition. Timing solutions are calculated in the LAMPF central control computer, a VAX 11\\/780, and down-loaded to the master-timer computer, a ..mu..VAX-II. The

J. M. Potter; M. L. Barnes; E. A. Bjorklund

1987-01-01

454

The Venus Transit 2004 Programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why did Captain Cook travel to Tahiti? How big is the Solar System? How is it possible to detect Earth-sized planets in orbit around other stars? And how is it possible to participate actively, together with many other people on other continents, in an extremely rare celestial event - one that has never been seen before by any person now alive? These and others are questions that the ambitious 'VT-2004' programme tries to answer.

West, R.; Boffin, H. M. J.

2004-03-01

455

VarioWatch: providing large-scale and comprehensive annotations on human genomic variants in the next generation sequencing era.  

PubMed

VarioWatch (http://genepipe.ncgm.sinica.edu.tw/variowatch/) has been vastly improved since its former publication GenoWatch in the 2008 Web Server Issue. It is now at least 10?000-times faster in annotating a variant. Drastic speed increase, through complete re-design of its working mechanism, makes VarioWatch capable of annotating millions of human genomic variants generated from next generation sequencing in minutes, if not seconds. While using MegaQuery of VarioWatch to quickly annotate variants, users can apply various filters to retrieve a subgroup of variants according to the risk levels, interested regions, etc. that satisfy users' requirements. In addition to performance leap, many new features have also been added, such as annotation on novel variants, functional analyses on splice sites and in/dels, detailed variant information in tabulated form, plus a risk level decision tree regarding the analyzed variant. Up to 1000 target variants can be visualized with our carefully designed Genome View, Gene View, Transcript View and Variation View. Two commonly used reference versions, NCBI build 36.3 and NCBI build 37.2, are supported. VarioWatch is unique in its ability to annotate comprehensively and efficiently millions of variants online, immediately delivering the results in real time, plus visualizes up to 1000 annotated variants. PMID:22618869

Cheng, Yu-Chang; Hsiao, Fang-Chih; Yeh, Erh-Chan; Lin, Wan-Jia; Tang, Cheng-Yang Louis; Tseng, Huan-Chin; Wu, Hsing-Tsung; Liu, Chuan-Kun; Chen, Chih-Cheng; Chen, Yuan-Tsong; Yao, Adam

2012-05-22

456

Analog-to-Digital Converter with Programmable Floating Gate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Systems and methods are discussed for using a floating-gate MOSFET as a programmable reference circuit. One example of the programmable reference circuit is a programmable voltage reference source, while a second example of a programmable reference circui...

2006-01-01

457

Digital-to-Analog Converter with Programmable Floating Gate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Systems and methods are discussed for using a floating-gate MOSFET as a programmable reference circuit. One example of the programmable reference circuit is a programmable voltage reference source, while a second example of a programmable reference circui...

G. J. Serrano M. R. Kucic P. E. Hasler

2006-01-01

458

WHO's special programmes: undermining from above.  

PubMed Central

Despite the World Health Organisation's spoken commitment to developing integrated primary health care, its most visible and successful activities are not integrated within countries; they are its disease specific intervention programmes, such as the Global Programme on AIDS and the programmes for the control of diarrhoeal and acute respiratory diseases. The 10 or so special programmes, all but one of which (the onchocerciasis control programme) are based in Geneva, have found increasing favour among donors, but critics say that they undermine WHO's attempts to integrate its activities at country level and discourage countries from developing their own capacity. Images p181-a

Godlee, F.

1995-01-01

459

An Environmental Watch System for the Andean Countries: El Observatorio Andino  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An experimental Environmental Watch System, the so-called Observatorio Andino-OA (Observatorio Andino), has been implemented in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile over the past two years. The OA is a collaborative and regional network that aims to monitor several environmental variables and develop accurate forecasts based on different scientific tools. Its overall goal is to improve risk assessments, set up Early Warning Systems, support decision-making processes, and provide easily- and intuitively-understandable spatial maps to end-users. The initiative works under the scientific and logistic coordination of the Centro de Modelado Cient\\'ifico (CMC) at Zulia University, Venezuela, and the Centro Internacional para la Investigaci\\'on del Fen\\'omeno 'El Ni\\~no' (CIIFEN), and is operated at a local level by the National Weather Services (NWSs) of the aforementioned six Andean nations. The OA provides several freely-available model outputs including meteorological and hydrological forecasts, droughts, fire and flood indices, ecosystems dynamics, climate and health applications, and five-day high-resolution oceanographic predictions for the Eastern Pacific. This article briefly describes the current products, methodologies and dynamical and statistical modeling outputs provided by the OA. Also, a discussion on how these sets of tools have been put together as a coordinated, scientific watch and forecast system for each country and for the entire region is presented. Our experiences over the past two years suggest that this initiative would significantly improve the current decision-making processes in Andean countries.

Muńoz, Ángel G.; López, Patricio; Velásquez, Ramón; Monterrey, Luis; León, Gloria; Ruiz, Franklyn; Recalde, Cristina; Cadena, Jaime; Mejía, Raúl; Paredes, Marcos; Bazo, Juan; Reyes, Carmen; Carrasco, Gualberto; Castellón, Yaruska; Villarroel, Claudia; Quintana, Juan; Urdaneta, Avel

2010-12-01

460

Repeated Vergence Adaptation Causes the Decline of Visual Functions in Watching Stereoscopic Television  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To evaluate visual fatigue when viewing stereoscopic TV, a technology expected to become the broadcasting display system of the future. Wide public acceptance of stereoscopic TV awaits resolution of many issues, including visual fatigue on viewing TV images. Visual fatigue was induced using a visual function simulator, consisting of prism and lens optical systems, while viewing stereoscopic TV. We assessed subject visual fatigue through subjective reports of symptoms and by the changes in visual functions. These functions included: viewer B [Js fusional break point, recovery point, accommodation step response, and visual evoked cortical potentials (VECP)]. Significant changes of some visual functions were found after watching simulated stereoscopic TV when the vergence load was heavy or when it changed over time; relative vergence limits decreased and the latency of VECP increased after watching, reflecting visual fatigue. After subjects rested, relative vergence limits recovered to pre-viewing levels. Our findings lead us to conclude that, aside from excessive horizontal binocular parallax, discontinuous changes in parallax is also a major factor that contributes to visual fatigue in the viewing of stereoscopic images. It also causes a decreased range of relative vergence, accommodation response, and a delay in the P100 latency of VECP.

Emoto, Masaki; Niida, Takahiro; Okano, Fumio

2005-12-01

461

Student cognition and motivation during the Classroom BirdWatch citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the ways various stakeholders (CBW project developer/coordinator, elementary and middle school teachers, and 5th through 8th grade students) envisioned, implemented and engaged in the citizen science project, eBird/Classroom BirdWatch. A multiple case study mixed-methods research design was used to examine student engagement in the cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry as part of citizen science participation. Student engagement was described based on a sense of autonomy, competence, relatedness and intrinsic motivation. A goal of this study was to expand the taxonomy of differences between authentic scientific inquiry and simple inquiry to include those inquiry tasks associated with participation in citizen science by describing how students engaged in this type of science. This research study built upon the existing framework of cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry described by Chinn and Malhotra (2002). This research provides a systematic analysis of the scientific processes and related reasoning tasks associated with the citizen science project eBird and the corresponding curriculum Classroom BirdWatch . Data consisted of responses to surveys, focus group interviews, document analysis and individual interviews. I suggest that citizen science could be an additional form of classroom-based science inquiry that can promote more authentic features of scientific inquiry and engage students in meaningful ways.

Tomasek, Terry Morton

462

Training programmes for developing countries.  

PubMed

Unprecedented gains have been made in the early detection and prevention of childhood metabolic diseases. Over the last 12 years under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Technical Cooperation Programme there have been newborn screening (NBS) projects in all the key regions--Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe. A total of 29 projects have been undertaken at an estimated total cost of US$6.7 million, mainly focused on establishing and supporting NBS for congenital hypothyroidism. Under these projects professional training has been one of the key objectives. This short report provides a summary of the training efforts under these projects. PMID:17643196

Solanki, K K

2007-07-23

463

Programmable Multi-Chip Module  

SciTech Connect

A multi-chip module comprising a low-temperature co-fired ceramic substrate having a first side on which are mounted active components and a second side on which are mounted passive components, wherein this segregation of components allows for hermetically sealing the active components with a cover while leaving accessible the passive components, and wherein the passive components are secured using a reflow soldering technique and are removable and replaceable so as to make the multi-chip module substantially programmable with regard to the passive components.

Kautz, David (Lenexa, KS); Morgenstern, Howard (Lee's Summit, MO); Blazek, Roy J. (Overland Park, KS)

2004-11-16

464

Programmable Multi-Chip Module  

SciTech Connect

A multi-chip module comprising a low-temperature co-fired ceramic substrate having a first side on which are mounted active components and a second side on which are mounted passive components, wherein this segregation of components allows for hermetically sealing the active components with a cover while leaving accessible the passive components, and wherein the passive components are secured using a reflow soldering technique and are removable and replaceable so as to make the multi-chip module substantially programmable with regard to the passive components.

Kautz, David (Lenexa, KS); Morgenstern, Howard (Lee's Summit, MO); Blazek, Roy J. (Overland Park, KS)

2005-05-24

465

International Social Survey Programme: ISSP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is an ongoing project that promotes the cross-national collaboration of social science research. Each year, the 29 member countries of the ISSP contribute data from national social science research projects to an international survey. The topic for the international survey changes every year; past topics have included social inequality, role of government, religion, and national identity. This Website provides general information about the program, a list of international surveys from 1985 to 1999, an archive of data sets used by the ISSP, profiles of participating countries, and a bibliography of publications.

466

Television Watching, Energy Intake, and Obesity in US Children Results From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine the relationship between tele- vision watching, energy intake, physical activity, and obe- sity status in US boys and girls, aged 8 to 16 years. Methods: We used a nationally representative cross- sectional survey with an in-person interview and a medi- cal examination, which included measurements of height and weight, daily hours of television watching, weekly par- ticipation

Carlos J. Crespo; Ellen Smit; Richard P. Troiano; Susan J. Bartlett; Caroline A. Macera; Ross E. Andersen

467

Management of the Herschel/Planck Programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of the Herschel and Planck Programme, the largest scientific space programme of the European Space Agency (ESA), has culminated in May 2009 with the successful launch of the Herschel and Planck satellites onboard an Ariane 5 from the European Spaceport in Kourou. Both satellites are operating flawlessly since then and the scientific payload instruments provide world-class science. The Herschel/Planck Programme is a multi national cooperation with the managerial lead being taken by the European Space Agency with the major contributions from European industry for the spacecraft development and from scientific institutes, organized in five international consortia, for the payload instruments. The overall programme complexity called for various, adapted, management approaches to resolve technical and programmatic difficulties. Some of the management experiences of over a decade needed to realize such a satellite programme will be presented giving the lessons learnt for future programmes with the similar complexities.

Passvogel, Thomas; Crone, Gerald

2010-07-01

468

Interactive multi-pass programmable shading  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programmable shading is a common technique for production animation, but interactive programmable shading is not yet widely available. We support interactive programmable shading on virtually any 3D graphics hardware using a scene graph library on top of OpenGL. We treat the OpenGL architecture as a general SIMD computer, and translate the high-level shading description into OpenGL rendering passes. While our

Mark S. Peercy; Marc Olano; John Airey; P. Jeffrey Ungar

2000-01-01

469

Field programmable gate arrays and reconfigurable computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-system programmable, SRAM-based field programmable gate arrays (FPGAa) can be used to create processors and coprocessors whose internal architecture as well as interconnections can be reconfigured to match the needs of a given application. Exploiting the inherent speed and parallelism of a hardware solution, FPGA-based coprocessors can execute computationally-intensive tasks while maintaining the flexibility of a programmable solution. The subject

Bradly K. Fawcett

1995-01-01

470

WomenWatch: UN Information and Resources on Gender Equality and Empowerment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The WomenWatch website is dedicated to providing "information and resources on gender equality and empowerment of women." It is an initiative of the United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality (IANWGE) and the site is a veritable cornucopia of information on this vast and timely subject. In the Quick Links and Features, visitors can view the UN Gender Equality News Feed, which is a great way to get a sense of the main issues affecting women around the world. Moving on, the Documents and Publications area contains seminal reports such as "Seeing Beyond the State: Grassroots Women's Perspectives on Corruption and Anti-Corruption." Also, the News and Highlights area contains links to partner organizations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. These links include radio clips, news releases, and other key pieces of information.

2013-02-28

471

Listening, Watching, and Reading: The Structure and Correlates of Entertainment Preferences  

PubMed Central

People spend considerable amounts of time and money listening to music, watching TV and movies, and reading books and magazines, yet almost no attention in psychology has been devoted to understanding individual differences in preferences for such entertainment. The present research was designed to examine the structure and correlates of entertainment genre preferences. Analyses of the genre preferences of over 3,000 individuals revealed a remarkably clear factor structure. Using multiple samples, methods, and geographic regions, data converged to reveal five entertainment-preference dimensions: Communal, Aesthetic, Dark, Thrilling, and Cerebral. Preferences for these entertainment dimensions were uniquely related to demographics and personality traits. Results also indicated that personality accounted for significant proportions of variance in entertainment preferences over and above demographics. The results provide a foundation for developing and testing hypotheses about the psychology of entertainment preferences.

Rentfrow, Peter J.; Goldberg, Lewis R.; Zilca, Ran

2010-01-01

472

Points of view: where do we look when we watch TV?  

PubMed

How is our gaze dispersed across the screen when watching television? An exploratory eyetracker study with a custom-designed show indicated a very strong center-of-screen bias with gaze points following a roughly normal distribution peaked near screen center. Examining the show across time revealed that people were rarely all looking at the same location, and the amount of gaze dispersion within frames was highly variable. Different forms of programming yielded different levels of dispersion: static network 'bumpers' created the tightest visual groupings, and gaze dispersion for frames with show content was less than the dispersion for commercials. Advertising frames with brand logos generated higher dispersion than the non-branded advertisement portions, and repeated advertisements generated higher dispersion than their first-run counterparts. PMID:19227380

Brasel, S Adam; Gips, James

2008-01-01

473

Listening, watching, and reading: the structure and correlates of entertainment preferences.  

PubMed

People spend considerable amounts of time and money listening to music, watching TV and movies, and reading books and magazines, yet almost no attention in psychology has been devoted to understanding individual differences in preferences for such entertainment. The present research was designed to examine the structure and correlates of entertainment genre preferences. Analyses of the genre preferences of more than 3,000 individuals revealed a remarkably clear factor structure. Using multiple samples, methods, and geographic regions, data converged to reveal five entertainment-preference dimensions: Communal, Aesthetic, Dark, Thrilling, and Cerebral. Preferences for these entertainment dimensions were uniquely related to demographics and personality traits. Results also indicated that personality accounted for significant proportions of variance in entertainment preferences over and above demographics. The results provide a foundation for developing and testing hypotheses about the psychology of entertainment preferences. PMID:20649744

Rentfrow, Peter J; Goldberg, Lewis R; Zilca, Ran

2011-04-01

474

A study on the precision of mechanical watch movement with Tourbillon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite its long history, detailed studies on the dynamics of mechanical watch movement are still lacking. In this paper, extending our previous mechanics model, the dynamical wave motion of the hairspring—balance wheel assembly, the core of the timekeeping mechanism called the escapement, is analyzed by partial differential equations. It is found that the corresponding eigenfunctions may be formulated into a Fourier series, through which the relative amplitudes of high order harmonics can be obtained. The relative error incurred owing to the high order harmonics is estimated to be around 10-3, or 102 s/day, much higher than the needed accuracy. This is why manual adjustment is needed in practice. Moreover, addition of the pricy Tourbillon mechanism, which is designed to counteract the gravity effect, is found to trigger complexity in the motion and hence, may not be worth much.

Xu, Gu; Ko, P. H.; Du, R.

2011-08-01

475

Forest Watch: An educational research program of the New Hampshire Space Grant Consortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Forest Watch is a student-scientist partnership and education outreach program to study white pine health in New England. Primary and secondary students collect and process data on air pollution damage to forests near their schools, which is used by University of New Hampshire researchers, and compared with spectral data. These are then compared to tropospheric ozone data, beginning from 1991. Data spreadsheets for the student to enter forest biometric data and spectral curves are provided, as well as EOS-Webster satellite imagery, and GPS, ALTA, and Topo-Map activities forms. The student activities include forest stand assessment, laboratory assessment of damage symptoms, and image processing and data analysis of Thematic Mapper data around their school. There is information on teacher workshops and a message board.

476

Watch for those fragments of evidence: the use of an automatic timepiece to help correlate a helicopter crash site from the Vietnam War.  

PubMed

This case study illustrates the use of the date function on an automatic wristwatch to help identify a Vietnam War helicopter crash site. The location of a crash incident can sometimes be uncertain because of inadequate or inaccurate wartime records and the passage of time. Artifacts recovered from a prospective crash scene are regularly used to correlate the loss incident. In this case study, a recovered automatic watch displayed a date 2 days later than the reported loss incident. Although the date conflicts with the aircraft crash incident report, it is observed that a fully wound automatic watch continues to work for c. 2 days after movement of the watch ceases. Thus, the watch's date in fact correlates with the aircraft crash incident report. It is noted that automatic watches may also be used to date scenes of crime. PMID:21939442

Tuller, Hugh; Paolello, Josephine M

2011-09-21

477

Feasibility of using the automatic generating system for quartz watches as a leadless pacemaker power source.  

PubMed

An automatic power-generating system (AGS) which converts kinetic energy into electric energy for quartz watches was tested as a power source for implantable cardiac pacemakers. An automatic power-generating mechanism and a capacitor (0.33 F) were removed from a quartz watch (SEIKO) and encapsulated in a polyvinyl case. Characteristics of the AGS were investigated by acceleration equipment. The capacitor in the AGS was charged to 2.0 V (0.66 J) by placing it on the equipment for about 30 minutes. The equipment has a 2 Hz cycle and generates +/- 1.7 G at the end of each half cycle. The AGS (fully charged to 2.0 V) was used as the power source for a pulse generator circuit built using commercially available CMOS IC. The circuit generated pulses of 0.5 ms width at 1 Hz (60 pulses min-1). The voltage of the AGS was maintained at 1.6 V while it was being charged by the accelerations. The generator supplied pulses of 0.75 V, 1.47 mA through a 510 omega load. With fully charged AGS, the generator was also used to pace a mongrel dog's heart at 140 beats min-1 for 60 minutes. During pacing, the AGS supplied 420 mJ to the circuit and the cardiac muscle. The AGS was placed on the right ventricular wall of the mongrel dog under anaesthesia. Energy of 80 mJ is stored in a capacitor by the heart beating at about 200 beats/min for 30 minutes. Thus the AGS generated 13 microJ per heart beat. This result suggests that the AGS may supply enough energy for use in a cardiac pacemaker. PMID:10505390

Goto, H; Sugiura, T; Harada, Y; Kazui, T

1999-05-01

478

A leadership programme for critical care.  

PubMed

This paper describes the genesis, design and implementation of a leadership programme for critical care. This was an initiative funded by the National Health Service (NHS) Nursing Leadership Project and had at the core of its design flexibility to meet the needs of the individual hospitals, which took part in it. Participation was from the multi-disciplinary critical care team. Six NHS hospitals took part in the programme which was of 20 days duration and took place on hospital sites. The programme used the leadership model of as its template and had a number of distinct components; a baseline assessment, personal development, principles of leadership and critical case reviews. The programme was underpinned by three themes; working effectively in multi-professional teams to provide patient focussed care, managing change through effective leadership and developing the virtual critical care service. Each group set objectives pertinent to their own organisation's needs. The programme was evaluated by a self-reporting questionnaire; group feedback and feedback from stakeholders. Programme evaluation was positive from all the hospitals but it was clear that the impact of the programme varied considerably between the groups who took part. It was noted that there was some correlation between the success of the programme and organisational 'buy in' as well as the organisational culture within which the participants operated. A key feature of the programme success was the critical case reviews, which were considered to be a powerful learning tool and medium for group learning and change management. PMID:16621563

Crofts, Linda

2006-04-18

479

Programmable valve shunts: are they really better?  

PubMed

Programmable valve shunts allows selection of opening pressure of shunt valve. In the presented article, a unique complication pertaining to programmable shunts has been discussed. A 5-year-old boy who had tectal plate low grade glioma with obstructive hydrocephalus was managed with Codman programmable ventriculoperitoneal shunt. There was a spontaneous change in the opening pressure of the shunt valve leading to shunt malfunction. Routinely used household appliances produce a magnetic field strong enough to cause change in the setting of shunt valve pressure and may lead to valve malfunction. Other causes of programmable valve malfunction also discussed. PMID:22437300

Kataria, Rashim; Kumar, Vimal; Mehta, Veer Singh

2012-01-01

480

Attending to early relationship difficulties: Applying the ‘Watch Wait and Wonder’ approach in a pilot project for babies and parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a pilot project for parents and babies up to one year of age where there was concern about the parent-infant relationship. The project offered a relatively brief therapeutic intervention based on the Watch Wait and Wonder approach, which aims to enhance the parents’ sensitivity and responsiveness to the infant by helping them to observe

Sara Rance

2005-01-01

481

Children's Hostile Attribution Bias Is Reduced after Watching Realistic Playful Fighting, and the Effect Is Mediated by Prosocial Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hostile attribution bias (HAB) has been found to characterize aggressive children. Watching prosocial media has been shown to have positive effects on children, and the general learning model has been used to account for these observations. This study tested the hypotheses derived from this theory that exposure to playful fighting would lead to a…

Boulton, Michael J.

2012-01-01

482

Relationship between Noctcaelador and Aesthetic Sensitivity: Art-Related Personality Factors Associated with College Students' Night-Sky Watching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the relationship between positive attitudes and behaviors concerning night-sky watching (noctcaelador) and aesthetic sensitivity. College students (N = 106) completed the Noctcaelador Inventory (Kelly, 2004a) and a shortened version of the Sensitivity Questionnaire (Child, 1965). Noctcaelador was significantly, positively…

Kelly, William E.

2008-01-01

483

A Need For Correction: Reforming New York's Juvenile Justice System. Child Welfare Watch. Vol. 18, Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the wake of a U.S. Justice Department investigation that found widespread use of excessive force by staff at upstate psychiatric care facilities for mentally ill children, this new edition of Child Welfare Watch identifies shortcomings in mental health services and explores possible solutions, including the expansion of alternatives to…

White, Andrew; Hemphill, Clara; Hurley, Kendra

2009-01-01

484

Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God" and the Influence of Jens Peter Jacobsen's "Marie Grubbe."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that Harlem Renaissance literary figure, Zora Neale Hurston, may have written her novel of a three-times married woman, "Their Eyes Were Watching God," under the influence of and in response to "Marie Grubbe," a novel by a nineteenth-century Danish man. (JB)|

Woodson, Jon

1992-01-01

485

[Children and their television watching habits. A comparative study in rural and urban environments. Considerations on the effects].  

PubMed

In order to establish differences among television watching habits, surveys were conducted in a group of 80 children; 40 from rural areas and another 40 from the urban area, who were attending elementary school at the time. The children were randomly selected; their responses were compared to a national and local listing of television programs, excluding those which were contradictory. Both groups of children spent the same amount of time at school (P = Not significant) while the urban group spent an average of 3.5 hours watching television and the rural group spent 2.3 hours (P = 0.001). Thirty percent of the children from the urban area watched TV with an adult while those from the rural zone were accompanied in 32% (P:NS). The number of television sets per home was significantly greater in the urban areas (P = 0.001). All of the children watched programs which were transmitted after 9 p.m. Both groups chose unneeded food commercials as their favorite programs (P = Not significant). PMID:2390187

Morán-Vázquez, J O; Alatorre-Montoya, L E; García-Pérez, J; Guillén-Baumgarten, N; Novoa-Menchaca, A

1990-05-01

486

The Relationship Between Watching Professional Wrestling on Television and Engaging in Date Fighting Among High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTEXT. Previous research has found that exposure to violence in the home, com- munity, and electronic media are associated with children's and adolescents' normative expectations concerning the use of violence and with other indicators of the violent behaviors by youth. OBJECTIVE. Our purpose with this study was to examine the relationships between the frequency that high school students reported watching

Robert H. DuRant; Heather Champion; Mark Wolfson

2010-01-01

487

Solomon Islands: Summary Report. Educational Experience Survey: Education, Language and Literacy Experience. Asia-South Pacific Education Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Education Watch initiative is being implemented in the Solomon Islands by the Coalition on Education Solomon Islands (COESI) in partnership with Asian South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education (ASPBAE). COESI aims to generate a reliable body of information that will: (1) Accurately explain how much the national government has done and can do to…

de Guzman, Sylvia

2007-01-01

488

Towards the implementation of an internet-based neighbourhood watch scheme-Impacts of inclusive technologies on societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we discuss the current state of our work regarding the development and planned in-situ testing of a computer-based system to enhance community relations through the Neighbourhood Watch scheme. The system is intended for use in a community to help the residents interact with each other more easily and to encourage the reporting of suspicious behaviour or crime.

Budi Arief; Aad van Moorsel; David Greathead; Lynne Coventry

2011-01-01

489

Pick a Hand, Any Hand: Mixed-Handedness and Night-Sky Watching in a College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the relationship between handedness and interest in night-sky watching. University students (N= 128) completed the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory (Oldfield, 1971) and the Noctcaelador Inventory (Kelly, 2004). The findings indicated that mixed-handed participants scored highest on noctcaelador relative to those classified as…

Kelly, William E.

2009-01-01

490

Planning Teaching an Unfamiliar Mathematics Problem: The Role of Teachers' Experience in Solving the Problem and Watching Pupils Solving It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During individual interviews, secondary school mathematics teachers were asked to plan teaching an unfamiliar and challenging mathematics problem. Each teacher watched a special video-clip showing a pair of pupils successfully coping with the task. Teachers' planning was analyzed at three stages: before they solved the problem, after solving it,…

Leikin, Roza; Kawass, Sally

2005-01-01

491

NWS (National Weather Service) Watch/Warning Verification Flash Flood, Winter Storm, and High Wind, January 1980-June 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study presents flash flood, winter storm, and high wind watch and warning statistics of lead time, probability of detection, false alarm ratio, and critical success index. The period of record is 1980 through 1985 for flash floods and 1980 through Jun...

R. E. LaPlante

1987-01-01

492

Keeping Terrorists Out of America by Unifying Terrorist Watch Lists: Ten Requirements for an Effective Terrorist Screening Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lack of an integrated terrorist watch list has long been described as a critical shortfall in homeland security and the war against Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. Unfortunately, in the two years following September 11, 2001, the Bush Administrat...

2003-01-01

493

What Kids Say about What They Watch and How Prime Time Programming Can Help Them in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews sixth to eighth grade students' attitudes about what they watch on television, and discusses how prime time programming can help students in school by encouraging reading of books connected with television shows, providing scripts for students, and use of television as a source of classroom discussion and to encourage family…

Potter, Rosemary Lee

1986-01-01

494

Addressing Race, Class, and Gender in Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Are Watching God": Strategies and Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an educator's attempt to raise multicultural issues in the classroom through a course centered on Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Are Watching God." Maintains that educators have a responsibility to raise issues of cultural diversity in learning communities that provide ways for student to engage in thinking that expands their world…

Greene, Brenda M.

1995-01-01

495

Programme Theory, Programme Documents and State Standards in Evaluating Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Across the USA as well as worldwide, numerous universities offer teacher preparation programmes and award such degrees. However, there are no consistent valid or reliable indicators for determining the coherence and quality of these programmes. An effective way of starting to evaluate these programmes is by looking at their standards and their…

Papanastasiou, Elena C.; Tatto, Maria Teresa; Neophytou, Lefkios

2012-01-01

496

'Oh goodness, I am watching reality TV'How methods make class in audience research  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most striking challenges encountered during the empirical stages of our audience research project, `Making Class and the Self through Televised Ethical Scenarios' (funded as part of the ESRC's Identities and Social Action programme), stemmed from how the different discursive resources held by our research participants impacted upon the kind of data collected. We argue that social class

Bev Skeggs; Nancy Thumim; Helen Wood

2008-01-01

497

A socio-technical framework for supporting programmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have shown that programmers frequently seek external information during programming, from source code and documents, as well as from other programmers because much of the information remains in the heads of programmers. Programmers therefore often ask other programmers questions to seek information in a timely fashion to carry out their work. This information seeking entails several conflicting factors. From

Yunwen Ye; Yasuhiro Yamamoto; Kumiyo Nakakoji

2007-01-01

498

Programmable aperture photography: multiplexed light field acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a system including a novel component called programmable aperture and two associated post-processing algorithms for high-quality light field acquisition. The shape of the programmable aperture can be adjusted and used to capture light field at full sensor resolution through multiple exposures without any additional optics and without moving the camera. High acqui- sition efficiency is

Chia-kai Liang; Tai-hsu Lin; Bing-yi Wong; Chi Liu; Homer H. Chen

2008-01-01

499

Programmable aperture photography: multiplexed light field acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a system including a novel component called programmable aperture and two associated post-processing algorithms for high-quality light field acquisition. The shape of the programmable aperture can be adjusted and used to capture light field at full sensor resolution through multiple exposures without any additional optics and without moving the camera. High acquisition efficiency is achieved

Chia-Kai Liang; Tai-Hsu Lin; Bing-Yi Wong; Chi Liu; Homer H. Chen

2008-01-01

500

Gender Differences in Peace Education Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peace education programmes have become part of the school curriculum all over the world, as a way to enhance positive relationships between conflict groups. However, although gender differences are being taken into account when planning various educational programmes, this is usually not the case with peace education. The present study aimed to…

Yablon, Yaacov Boaz

2009-01-01