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1

The Wmo Global Atmosphere Watch Programme: Global Framework for Atmospheric Composition Observations and Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme is the only existing long-term international global programme providing an international coordinated framework for observations and analysis of the chemical composition of the atmosphere. GAW is a partnership involving contributors from about 80 countries. It includes a coordinated global network of observing stations along with supporting facilities (Central Facilities) and expert groups (Scientific Advisory Groups, SAGs and Expert Teams, ETs). Currently GAW coordinates activities and data from 27 Global Stations and a substantial number of Regional and Contributing Stations. Station information is available through the GAW Station Information System GAWSIS (http://gaw.empa.ch/gawsis/). There are six key groups of variables which are addressed by the GAW Programme, namely: ozone, reactive gases, greenhouse gases, aerosols, UV radiation and precipitation chemistry. GAW works to implement integrated observations unifying measurements from different platforms (ground based in situ and remote, balloons, aircraft and satellite) supported by modeling activities. GAW provides data for ozone assessments, Greenhouse Gas Bulletins, Ozone Bulletins and precipitation chemistry assessments published on a regular basis and for early warnings of changes in the chemical composition and related physical characteristics of the atmosphere. To ensure that observations can be used for global assessments, the GAW Programme has developed a Quality Assurance system. Five types of Central Facilities dedicated to the six groups of measurement variables are operated by WMO Members and form the basis of quality assurance and data archiving for the GAW global monitoring network. They include Central Calibration Laboratories (CCLs) that host primary standards (PS), Quality Assurance/Science Activity Centres (QA/SACs), World Calibration Centers (WCCs), Regional Calibration Centers (RCCs), and World Data Centers (WDCs) with responsibility for archiving and access to GAW data. Education, training, workshops, comparison campaigns, station audits/visits and twinning are also provided to build capacities in atmospheric sciences in Member countries.

Tarasova, O. A.; Jalkanen, L.

2010-12-01

2

The first VOC intercomparison exercise within the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2003 the World Calibration Centre for volatile organic compounds (WCC-VOC) which forms part of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program coordinated the first comprehensive intercomparison exercise among the GAW-VOC community. The intercomparison focused on a synthetic C 2-C 11 VOC standard mixture in nitrogen (N 2) and involved nine different stations/laboratories (10 instruments) from seven countries (Brazil, Canada [two labs], Czech Republic, Finland, Germany [two labs; three instruments], Ireland, and Slovakia), representing four measurement programs (GAW, EMEP, CAPMoN, LBA). These sites either run canister or online measurements. WCC-VOC provided each participant of the intercomparison exercise with standard gas canisters which contained 73 VOCs prepared and certified by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder. The participating laboratories were expected to identify and quantify as many compounds of the WCC-VOC standard canister as possible based on their routine identification and calibration methods. The primary objective of this first intercomparison was to examine the current performance status of the analytical facilities of each laboratory and to check whether the results meet the Data Quality Objectives (DQO) developed by WCC-VOC. An additional objective was to establish a ranking of properly determined compounds among all laboratories in order to identify compounds which could be most accurately determined by all laboratories. Due to the variety of sampling and analytical methods among the participants both the number of identified species (16-150 VOCs) and their proper quantification differed largely. Focusing on a subset of 28 VOCs recognized as primary GAW target compounds the results show that the DQOs for repeatability are met in most cases. However for the deviation from the WCC-VOC reference values the picture is different. For some VOCs the concentrations differed significantly among the different laboratories. In terms of both uncertainty and repeatability a significant number of atmospherically relevant VOCs (e.g. propane, propylene, isoprene, and benzene) are properly determined by most labs. However, difficulties occur with other important VOCs (e.g. acetylene, i-pentane, toluene). From this subset of VOC results it appears imperative to strengthen harmonization procedures particular with regard to real air samplings. These processes have been initiated and include more frequent intercomparisons also covering ambient air samples, individual performance audits, and a future networkwide calibration standard.

Rappenglück, B.; Apel, E.; Bauerfeind, M.; Bottenheim, J.; Brickell, P.; ?avolka, P.; Cech, J.; Gatti, L.; Hakola, H.; Honzak, J.; Junek, R.; Martin, D.; Noone, C.; Plass-Dülmer, Ch.; Travers, D.; Wang, D.

3

World Calibration Center for VOC (WCC-VOC), a new Facility for the WMO-GAW-Programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volatile organic compounds (VOC) are recognized to be important precursors of tropospheric ozone as well as other oxidants and organic aerosols. In order to design effective control measures for the reduction of photooxidants, photochemical processes have to be understood and the sources of the precursors known. Reliable and representative measurements of VOCs are necessary to describe the anthropogenic and biogenic sources, to follow the photochemical degradation of VOCs in the troposphere. Measurement of VOCs is of key importance for the understanding of tropospheric chemistry. Tropospheric VOCs have been one of the recommended measurements to be made within the GAW programme. The purpose will be to monitor their atmospheric abundance, to characterize the various compounds with regard to anthropogenic and biogenic sources and to evaluate their role in the tropospheric ozone formation process. An international WMO/GAW panel of experts for VOC measurements developed the rational and objectives for this GAW activity and recommended the configuration and required activities of the WCC-VOC. In reflection of the complexity of VOC measurements and the current status of measurement technology, a "staged" approach was adopted. Stage 1 measurements: C2-C9 hydrocarbons, including alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, dienes and monocyclics. (The WCC-VOC operates currently under this mode). Stage 2 measurements: C10-C14 hydrocarbons, including higher homologs of the Stage 1 set as well as biogenic hydrocarbon compounds. Stage 3 measurements: Oxygenated VOCs, including alcohols, carbonyls, carboxylic acids. The Quality Assurance/Science Activity Centre (QA/SAC) Germany currently has established the World Calibration Centre for VOC (WCC-VOC). The WCC-VOC has operated in the research mode und has become operational recently. From now on, the WCC-VOC conducts one round-robin calibration audit per year at all global stations that measure VOCs and assists other stations in setting up VOC measurement capabilities. Furthermore, the WCC-VOC will promote inter-com-parison experiments with networks related to other programmes, notably EMEP and IGAC.

Rappenglueck, B.-

2002-12-01

4

Long-term observations of tropospheric ozone: GAW Measurement Guidelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) coordinates long-term observations of the chemical composition and physical properties of the atmosphere which are relevant for understanding of atmospheric chemistry and climate change. Atmospheric observations of reactive gases (tropospheric ozone, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides) coordinated by the GAW Programme complement local and regional scale air quality monitoring efforts. As part of the GAW quality assurance (QA) system detailed measurement guidelines for atmospheric trace species are developed by international expert teams at irregular intervals. The most recent report focuses on continuous in-situ measurements of ozone in the troposphere, performed in particular at continental or island sites with altitudes ranging from sea level to mountain tops. Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) are defined for different applications of the data (e.g. trend analysis and verification of global model forecasts). These DQOs include a thorough discussion of the tolerable level of measurement uncertainty and data completeness. The guidelines present the best practices and practical arrangements adopted by the GAW Programme in order to enable the GAW station network to approach or achieve the defined tropospheric ozone DQOs. The document includes information on the selection of station and measurement locations, required skills and training of staff, recommendations on the measurement technique and the necessary equipment to perform highest quality measurements, rules for conducting the measurements, preparing the data and archiving them, and more. Much emphasis is given to discussions about how to ensure the quality of the data through tracing calibrations back to primary standards, proper calibration and data analysis, etc. In the GAW Programme the QA system is implemented through Central Facilities (Central Calibration Laboratories, World and Regional Calibration Centers and World Data Centers), Scientific Advisory Groups and GAW Training and Education Center. These bodies support primary standards, provide calibration and data archiving facilities, coordinate comparison campaigns, perform stations audit, provide documentation and training of personnel.

Tarasova, Oksana; Galbally, Ian E.; Schultz, Martin G.

2013-04-01

5

An analysis of historical Mussel Watch Programme data from the west coast of the Cape Peninsula, Cape Town.  

PubMed

The concentrations of metals in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) prevalent along the west coast of the Cape Peninsula, Cape Town are presented. The mussels were sampled during the routine "Mussel Watch Programme" (MWP) between 1985 and 2008. Levels of Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn, Hg, Fe and Mn at Cape Point, Hout Bay, Sea Point, Milnerton and Bloubergstrand were analysed for autumn and spring and showed consistent similar mean values for the five sites. There was a highly significant temporal (annual and seasonal) difference between all metals as well as a significant difference in metal concentrations between the five sites. The concentrations of Zn, Fe, Cd and Pb were higher than previous investigations and possibly indicative of anthropogenic sources of metals. The results provide a strong motivation to increase efforts in marine pollution research in the area. PMID:25127737

Sparks, Conrad; Odendaal, James; Snyman, Reinette

2014-10-15

6

ACTRIS non-methane hydrocarbon intercomparison experiment in Europe to support WMO-GAW and EMEP observation networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of 20 European laboratories involved in long-term non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) measurements within the framework of Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) was assessed with respect to the ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) and GAW data quality objectives (DQOs). Compared to previous intercomparisons the DQOs of ACTRIS are much more demanding with deviations to a reference value of less than 5% and repeatability of better than 2% for mole fractions above 0.1 nmol mol-1. The participants were asked to measure both a 30 component NMHC mixture in nitrogen (NMHC_N2) at approximately 1 nmol mol-1 and whole air (NMHC_air), following a standardised operation procedure including zero- and calibration gas measurements. Furthermore, they had to report details on their instruments and they were asked to assess measurement uncertainties. The NMHCs were analysed either by gas chromatography-flame ionisation detection or gas chromatography-mass spectrometer methods. Most systems performed well for the NMHC_N2 measurements (88% of the reported values were within the GAW DQOs and even 58% within the ACTRIS DQOs). For NMHC_air generally more frequent and larger deviations to the assigned values were observed compared to NMHC_N2 (77% of the reported values were within the GAW DQOs, but only 48% within the ACTRIS DQOs). Important contributors to the poorer performance in NMHC_air compared to NMHC_N2 were a more complex matrix and a larger span of NMHC mole fractions (0.03-2.5 nmol mol-1). Issues, which affected both NMHC mixtures, are the usage of direct vs. two-step calibration, breakthrough of C2-C3 hydrocarbons, blank values in zero-gas measurements (especially for those systems using a Nafion® Dryer), adsorptive losses of aromatic compounds, and insufficient chromatographic resolution. Essential for high-quality results are experienced operators, a comprehensive quality assurance and quality control, well characterised systems, and sufficient man-power to operate the systems and evaluate the data.

Hoerger, C. C.; Werner, A.; Plass-Duelmer, C.; Reimann, S.; Eckart, E.; Steinbrecher, R.; Aalto, J.; Arduini, J.; Bonnaire, N.; Cape, J. N.; Colomb, A.; Connolly, R.; Diskova, J.; Dumitrean, P.; Ehlers, C.; Gros, V.; Hakola, H.; Hill, M.; Hopkins, J. R.; Jäger, J.; Junek, R.; Kajos, M. K.; Klemp, D.; Leuchner, M.; Lewis, A. C.; Locoge, N.; Maione, M.; Martin, D.; Michl, K.; Nemitz, E.; O'Doherty, S.; Pérez Ballesta, P.; Ruuskanen, T. M.; Sauvage, S.; Schmidbauer, N.; Spain, T. G.; Straube, E.; Vana, M.; Vollmer, M. K.; Wegener, R.; Wenger, A.

2014-10-01

7

Long-range transport and its impact on trace gas variability at selected GAW stations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To improve our understanding of the impact and the time-scales of atmospheric pollution transport and to understand the mixing ratios of non- or weakly reactive gases observed within monitoring programmes such as the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) programme global scale atmospheric transport models provide valuable and requisite information. Atmospheric transport described in a Lagrangian framework, contrary to the Eulerian approach, does not suffer from numerical diffusion. In addition, information on transport times of newly released emissions is easily accessible in the Lagragian concept. Therefore, Lagrangian models are the ideal tool to answer the questions raised above. To this end the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART (Version 8.0) was extended and set up on the global domain with 3 million particles that are permanently transported based on ECMWF wind fields. All particles carry 9 different counters that indicate times since certain atmospheric regions were left: 1 counter for each of the 6 WMO regions keeping track of atmospheric boundary layer contact, 2 counters for inter-hemispheric transport, and 1 counter for stratosphere-troposphere exchange. Thirteen different species are represented with each particle: 1 atmospheric air tracer, 6 carbon monoxide (CO) and 6 methane (CH4) tracers according to emissions from the 6 WMO regions. Gridded emissions are taken up by particles passing through the atmospheric boundary layer of each grid cell and are based on constant EDGAR3.2FT2000 (anthropogenic) and 8-daily GFED (v2) (biomass-burning) emission inventories. Degradation of CO and CH4 (and also CO production from CH4 degradation) is considered by temperature and pressure dependent reaction with hydroxyl radicals (OH). Monthly OH fields are taken from HTAP. Global monthly mean fields for each species, each clock and 11 age-classes are produced by the model and offer detailed insight into the time-scales of transport and the contributions from different source regions. Furthermore, receptor concentrations (daily temporal resolution) are produced for selected GAW sites and allow for model inter-comparison and interpretation of observations. In this contribution we present details on the model concept and first results obtained for an iterative spin-up run for the year 2001.

Henne, S.; Brunner, D.; Klausen, J.; Buchmann, B.

2009-04-01

8

A statistical approach to quantify uncertainty in carbon monoxide measurements at the Izaña global GAW station: 2008-2011  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric CO in situ measurements are carried out at the Izaña (Tenerife) global GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch Programme of the World Meteorological Organization - WMO) mountain station using a Reduction Gas Analyser (RGA). In situ measurements at Izaña are representative of the subtropical Northeast Atlantic free troposphere, especially during nighttime. We present the measurement system configuration, the response function, the calibration scheme, the data processing, the Izaña 2008-2011 CO nocturnal time series, and the mean diurnal cycle by months. We have developed a rigorous uncertainty analysis for carbon monoxide measurements carried out at the Izaña station, which could be applied to other GAW stations. We determine the combined standard measurement uncertainty taking into consideration four contributing components: uncertainty of the WMO standard gases interpolated over the range of measurement, the uncertainty that takes into account the agreement between the standard gases and the response function used, the uncertainty due to the repeatability of the injections, and the propagated uncertainty related to the temporal consistency of the response function parameters (which also takes into account the covariance between the parameters). The mean value of the combined standard uncertainty decreased significantly after March 2009, from 2.37 nmol mol-1 to 1.66 nmol mol-1, due to improvements in the measurement system. A fifth type of uncertainty we call representation uncertainty is considered when some of the data necessary to compute the temporal mean are absent. Any computed mean has also a propagated uncertainty arising from the uncertainties of the data used to compute the mean. The law of propagation depends on the type of uncertainty component (random or systematic). In situ hourly means are compared with simultaneous and collocated NOAA flask samples. The uncertainty of the differences is computed and used to determine whether the differences are significant. For 2009-2011, only 24.5% of the differences are significant, and 68% of the differences are between -2.39 and 2.5 nmol mol-1. Total and annual mean differences are computed using conventional expressions but also expressions with weights based on the minimum variance method. The annual mean differences for 2009-2011 are well within the ±2 nmol mol-1 compatibility goal of GAW.

Gomez-Pelaez, A. J.; Ramos, R.; Gomez-Trueba, V.; Novelli, P. C.; Campo-Hernandez, R.

2013-03-01

9

Nature Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nature Watch is a series of volunteer environmental monitoring programs coordinated by the Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network (EMANCO), the Canadian Nature Federation, and the University of Guelph. Nature Watch is a growing network that currently includes Frog Watch, Ice Watch, Plant Watch, and Worm Watch. Site visitors can access the home pages of each of the participating programs for details about each program, how to collect and contribute data, and to view data that has already been collected.

10

Nature Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nature Watch is a partnership program of the U.S. Forest Service that provides nature viewing opportunities and encourages safe and sound viewing ethics. The Nature Watch program is for people to experience wildlife, fish, and flowers in their natural settings; to promote recreational viewing opportunities, facilitate learning about the environment, and to promote conservation efforts and wise use of natural resources. This site contains information on Nature Watch programs, coloring books, links to environmental science journals, and information on educational curricula.

11

Metadata for WIS and WIGOS: GAW Profile of ISO19115 and Draft WIGOS Core Metadata Standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) is a key WMO priority to underpin all WMO Programs and new initiatives such as the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS). The development of the WIGOS Operational Information Resource (WIR) is central to the WIGOS Framework Implementation Plan (WIGOS-IP). The WIR shall provide information on WIGOS and its observing components, as well as requirements of WMO application areas. An important aspect is the description of the observational capabilities by way of structured metadata. The Global Atmosphere Watch is the WMO program addressing the chemical composition and selected physical properties of the atmosphere. Observational data are collected and archived by GAW World Data Centres (WDCs) and related data centres. The Task Team on GAW WDCs (ET-WDC) have developed a profile of the ISO19115 metadata standard that is compliant with the WMO Information System (WIS) specification for the WMO Core Metadata Profile v1.3. This profile is intended to harmonize certain aspects of the documentation of observations as well as the interoperability of the WDCs. The Inter-Commission-Group on WIGOS (ICG-WIGOS) has established the Task Team on WIGOS Metadata (TT-WMD) with representation of all WMO Technical Commissions and the objective to define the WIGOS Core Metadata. The result of this effort is a draft semantic standard comprising of a set of metadata classes that are considered to be of critical importance for the interpretation of observations relevant to WIGOS. The purpose of the presentation is to acquaint the audience with the standard and to solicit informal feed-back from experts in the various disciplines of meteorology and climatology. This feed-back will help ET-WDC and TT-WMD to refine the GAW metadata profile and the draft WIGOS metadata standard, thereby increasing their utility and acceptance.

Klausen, Jörg; Howe, Brian

2014-05-01

12

Identifying rare variants from exome scans: the GAW17 experience.  

PubMed

Genetic Analysis Workshop 17 (GAW17) provided a platform for evaluating existing statistical genetic methods and for developing novel methods to analyze rare variants that modulate complex traits. In this article, we present an overview of the 1000 Genomes Project exome data and simulated phenotype data that were distributed to GAW17 participants for analyses, the different issues addressed by the participants, and the process of preparation of manuscripts resulting from the discussions during the workshop. PMID:22373325

Ghosh, Saurabh; Bickeböller, Heike; Bailey, Julia; Bailey-Wilson, Joan E; Cantor, Rita; Culverhouse, Robert; Daw, Warwick; Destefano, Anita L; Engelman, Corinne D; Hinrichs, Anthony; Houwing-Duistermaat, Jeanine; König, Inke R; Kent, Jack; Laird, Nan; Pankratz, Nathan; Paterson, Andrew; Pugh, Elizabeth; Suarez, Brian; Sun, Yan; Thomas, Alun; Tintle, Nathan; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Ziegler, Andreas; Maccluer, Jean W; Almasy, Laura

2011-01-01

13

Journal Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Newly online are all nine editions of The Massachusetts Medical Society's series Journal Watch, providing "clinical research summaries and commentary by physician-editors." Note that the electronic version of this journal is free through the end of 2000.

14

Worm Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Worm Watch is part of NatureWatch (first reported on in the May 31, 2002, NSDL Scout Report for Life Sciences), which is series of programs--administered collaboratively by the Canadian Nature Federation, the University of Guelph, and the Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network--that "encourage schools, community groups, individuals, naturalists, backyard enthusiasts, Scouts and Guides to engage in the monitoring of soil, air, water and other aspects of environmental quality." For students and teachers, the Worm Watch site offers a number of hands-on activities "designed to help participants learn about the role earthworms play in the ecosystem, as well as the care and handling of these organisms." Other site features include an interactive Taxonomic Key for identifying earthworm species, an animated tour of a worm's digestive system, and a Glossary. For Canadian residents, the website provides information about participating in the National Worm Survey. This site is available in both French and English.

15

Gendercide Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website from Gendercide Watch is devoted to raising awareness, facilitating research, and disseminating educational resources on gendercide (i.e. gender-selective mass killing). Undoubtedly the most comprehensive and up-to-date Website of its kind, Gendercide Watch features an annotated listing of current gendercide articles and reports in the news, a comprehensive discussion and definition of the phenomenon, as well as detailed case studies of gendercide occurrences in several countries and contexts, including Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Colombia, and gendercide elements in the Jewish Holocaust and the Armenian genocide of 1915-1916. Institutional case studies of gendercide elements in the application of penal punishment -- including the death penalty, maternal mortality, and military conscription are also posted. The site emphasizes male gendercide, reflecting the creators's "conviction that men are, indeed, generally the victims of the most severe gender-selective atrocities in such situations." An extensive, annotated list of gendercide and genocide links is given along with news releases from Gendercide Watch about current gendercide issues around the world. Human rights advocates are likely to want to bookmark this site. Gendercide Watch is "a project of the Gender Issues Education Foundation (GIEF), a registered charitable foundation based in Edmonton, Alberta."

16

Ozone Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Ozone Hole Watch web site, where you can check on the latest status of the ozone layer over the South Pole. Satellite instruments monitor the ozone layer, and their data is used to create the images that depict the amount of ozone. The web site also contains links for classroom activities and instructional materials.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

17

Congress Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Congress Watch: An Update on Current National Information Infrastructure (NII) Legislation" gives an overview of United States congressional legislation introduced in the past few years concerning the NII. The article features a list of current legislation, including bill name, number, sponsor, date introduced, a brief description, and current status. It is part of the latest issue of the _NSF Network News_, InterNIC Information Services' bimonthly publication.

18

Monarch watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Monarch Watch is a cooperative network of students, teachers, volunteers and researchers dedicated to the study of the Monarch butterfly. There are extensive educational resources and projects on the site, including tagging the butterflies and monitoring the larvae, as well as the creation of Monarch Waystations by planting milkweeds needed for restoring the species' habitat (schools and non-profits can apply for free milkweed).

Monarch Watch

19

Weather Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The weather watch activity is designed to provide instruction on how to collect weather data from on-line databases. Following completion of this activity the user will be able to look up weather conditions for any city in North America, know what radar maps are used for and how to access them, and know how to access satellite images and make estimated guesses on cloud conditions for their area from them.

R. Hopson

20

Mining gene networks with application to GAW15 Problem 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Genetic Analysis Workshop 15 (GAW15) Problem 1 contained baseline expression levels of 8793 genes in immortalized B cells from 194 individuals in 14 Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain (CEPH) Utah pedigrees. Previous analysis of the data showed linkage and association and evidence of substantial individual variations. In particular, correlation was examined on expression levels of 31 genes and 25

Jing Hua Zhao; M Fazil Baksh; Qihua Tan; Earley Gate

2007-01-01

21

Mountain Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mountain Watch is a group of ongoing trail-side citizen science programs that track reproductive (flower/fruit development) plant phenology of a small set of alpine and forest plants in the U.S.'s Eastern Appalachian mountains and other northeast areas. The program encourages hikers, families, school groups and conservationists to help scientists make observations along the trails on the timing of plant flower and fruit development for inclusion in a long-term study to understand how shifts in climate trends may impact mountain flora. Resources to help teachers get started are available at the website.

2014-05-14

22

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture and fall streamflow, particularly in the Western US. The information is based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology, the US Dept. of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, the California Dept. of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through October 1992. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in July.

Not Available

1992-10-01

23

Water Watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch,[close quotes] focusing on streamflow, is based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of hydrology and River Forecast Centers, US Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, Soil Conservation Service, California Department of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through August. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data presented can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in May.

Gruber, N.

1993-08-01

24

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on spring flood potential based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology, the US Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through June 1992. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data presented in the Hydropower Generation Report can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in March.

Not Available

1992-06-01

25

Water watch  

SciTech Connect

This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture conditions across the country as of the first of April. In addition, the department describes streamflow conditions across the US forecast for April through July. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service. For purposes of providing this information, the US is divided into six regions. The Hydropower Generation Report can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in March.

Not Available

1991-06-01

26

Social Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1995, Social Watch was first established to provide a global platform for non-governmental organizations to monitor and promote the effective implementation of the commitments made by national governments during the United Nations World Summit on Social Development. Since that time, the group's work has continued in the areas of monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality and users with interests in these areas will appreciate both the organization's annual report (available from the homepage) and its country-by-country reports. One very well-developed interactive graphic feature is the development indicator section of the site. Here, visitors can view representations of such indicators as female adult literacy, deforestation, and fertility across the globe, along with discrete data from each country. Additionally, many of the materials offered here are available in Spanish as well.

27

Monarch Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational outreach program aims to further science education, to promote the conservation of monarch butterflies, and to involve students and adults in a cooperative study of the fall migration of monarchs. Monarch Watch is a collaborative network of students, teachers, volunteers and researchers dedicated to the tagging, rearing, and study of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus. Other projects include life history studies, flight vector analysis, and butterfly gardening. A K-8 science curriculum, Monarchs in the Classroom (available through the mail), offers lessons congruent with K-8 National Science Education standards. Each spring, a Season Summary is published that contains tag recovery data, tips and ideas for teachers and students, observations on monarch populations, and new information on monarch biology.

2007-12-12

28

ICANN Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which essentially governs much of the Internet's operation, is often the subject of controversy due primarily to conflicting opinions of countries and individuals about how the Internet should be run. Since the organization is such a hot topic for speculation and discussion, the ICANN Watch Web site provides a "news and comment forum for people interested in" ICANN's plans and initiatives. While access to ICANN-related stories is immediately available, users must complete a free registration to participate in the forums or submit other news stories. An excellent section of the site, called ICANN for Beginners, attempts to explain the true function and purpose of the organization.

29

Mountain Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you've ever wanted to turn your hiking skills into helpful information, the Mountain Watch section of the Appalachian Mountain Club website may be of great interest. The site is designed to turn hikers into "citizen scientists" who can "aid in the collection of data that measures the ecological health of our mountains." The site contains four areas (including "Mountain Plants" and "Mountain Weather") where visitors can submit their own recent findings and observations. First-time visitors will need to fill out the volunteer data section, and this takes just a few minutes. After this, visitors will receive a password which will allow them to report on alpine flowers, air quality, and related subjects. Visitors can also read the observations of others, and read up on their "Naturalist Blog".

30

BEACH Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency has released data from the third annual National Health Protection Survey of Beaches for the 1999 swimming season. Based on voluntarily returned surveys, the site offers information on water quality at 1,891 beaches in the US. Using an interactive map, users can find out if the water at a selected beach is being monitored, who is responsible for monitoring, and if any advisories or closures have been issued. Initial entries for each beach include basic monitoring information, contact information, and a map. Users can also read the submitted survey form in full. Additional resources at the BEACH Watch site include summary results from the survey, a fact sheet, technical reports and reference, brochures amd pamphlets, a FAQ, and related links.

31

River Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Weather Service of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has launched the River Watch site, providing up-to-date river forecast information for the nation's largest river basins: the Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois, and Ohio River Basins). Daily river level summaries are provided for each basin, in addition to five-day forecasts for river stage heights (in feet). This site also offers hyperlinks to river forecast sites for the other major regions of the US (Southern, Central, and Eastern Regions), and other related sites. For current information on river level conditions in the US, this is a top-notch resource, made more valuable by the geographical extent of its coverage.

32

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

During the past 2 decades, the possibility that preparations capable of eliciting tumor-specific immune responses would mediate robust therapeutic effects in cancer patients has received renovated interest. In this context, several approaches to vaccinate cancer patients against their own malignancies have been conceived, including the administration of DNA constructs coding for one or more tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Such DNA-based vaccines conceptually differ from other types of gene therapy in that they are not devised to directly kill cancer cells or sensitize them to the cytotoxic activity of a drug, but rather to elicit a tumor-specific immune response. In spite of an intense wave of preclinical development, the introduction of this immunotherapeutic paradigm into the clinical practice is facing difficulties. Indeed, while most DNA-based anticancer vaccines are well tolerated by cancer patients, they often fail to generate therapeutically relevant clinical responses. In this Trial Watch, we discuss the latest advances on the use of DNA-based vaccines in cancer therapy, discussing the literature that has been produced around this topic during the last 13 months as well as clinical studies that have been launched in the same time frame to assess the actual therapeutic potential of this intervention. PMID:24800178

Pol, Jonathan; Bloy, Norma; Obrist, Florine; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jérôme; Hervé Fridman, Wolf; Cremer, Isabelle; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

33

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Since the advent of hybridoma technology, dating back to 1975, monoclonal antibodies have become an irreplaceable diagnostic and therapeutic tool for a wide array of human diseases. During the last 15 years, several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been approved by FDA for cancer therapy. These mAbs are designed to (1) activate the immune system against tumor cells, (2) inhibit cancer cell-intrinsic signaling pathways, (3) bring toxins in the close proximity of cancer cells, or (4) interfere with the tumor-stroma interaction. More recently, major efforts have been made for the development of immunostimulatory mAbs that either enhance cancer-directed immune responses or limit tumor- (or therapy-) driven immunosuppression. Some of these antibodies, which are thought to facilitate tumor eradication by initiating or sustaining a tumor-specific immune response, have already entered clinical trials. In this Trial Watch, we will review and discuss the clinical progress of the most important mAbs that are have entered clinical trials after January 2008. PMID:22720209

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vacchelli, Erika; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zucman-Rossi, Jessica; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

34

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are an evolutionarily conserved group of enzymatically inactive, single membrane-spanning proteins that recognize a wide panel of exogenous and endogenous danger signals. Besides constituting a crucial component of the innate immune response to bacterial and viral pathogens, TLRs appear to play a major role in anticancer immunosurveillance. In line with this notion, several natural and synthetic TLR ligands have been intensively investigated for their ability to boost tumor-targeting immune responses elicited by a variety of immunotherapeutic and chemotherapeutic interventions. Three of these agents are currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or equivalent regulatory agencies for use in cancer patients: the so-called bacillus Calmette-Guérin, monophosphoryl lipid A, and imiquimod. However, the number of clinical trials testing the therapeutic potential of both FDA-approved and experimental TLR agonists in cancer patients is stably decreasing, suggesting that drug developers and oncologists are refocusing their interest on alternative immunostimulatory agents. Here, we summarize recent findings on the use of TLR agonists in cancer patients and discuss how the clinical evaluation of FDA-approved and experimental TLR ligands has evolved since the publication of our first Trial Watch dealing with this topic. PMID:25083332

Aranda, Fernando; Vacchelli, Erika; Obrist, Florine; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jérôme; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Cremer, Isabelle; Henrik ter Meulen, Jan; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

35

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have first been characterized for their capacity to detect conserved microbial components like lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and double-stranded RNA, resulting in the elicitation of potent (innate) immune responses against invading pathogens. More recently, TLRs have also been shown to promote the activation of the cognate immune system against cancer cells. Today, only three TLR agonists are approved by FDA for use in humans: the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) and imiquimod. BCG (an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis) is mainly used as a vaccine against tuberculosis, but also for the immunotherapy of in situ bladder carcinoma. MPL (derived from the LPS of Salmonella minnesota) is included in the formulation of Cervarix®, a vaccine against human papillomavirus-16 and -18. Imiquimod (a synthetic imidazoquinoline) is routinely employed for actinic keratosis, superficial basal cell carcinoma, and external genital warts (condylomata acuminata). In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recently completed clinical trials and discuss the progress of ongoing studies that have evaluated/are evaluating FDA-approved TLR agonists as off-label medications for cancer therapy. PMID:23162757

Vacchelli, Erika; Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

36

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds sharing the ability to operate as potent inhibitors of the plasma membrane Na+/K+-ATPase, hence promoting—via an indirect mechanism—the intracellular accumulation of Ca2+ ions. In cardiomyocytes, increased intracellular Ca2+ concentrations exert prominent positive inotropic effects, that is, they increase myocardial contractility. Owing to this feature, two CGs, namely digoxin and digitoxin, have extensively been used in the past for the treatment of several cardiac conditions, including distinct types of arrhythmia as well as contractility disorders. Nowadays, digoxin is approved by the FDA and indicated for the treatment of congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter with rapid ventricular response, whereas the use of digitoxin has been discontinued in several Western countries. Recently, CGs have been suggested to exert potent antineoplastic effects, notably as they appear to increase the immunogenicity of dying cancer cells. In this Trial Watch, we summarize the mechanisms that underpin the unsuspected anticancer potential of CGs and discuss the progress of clinical studies that have evaluated/are evaluating the safety and efficacy of CGs for oncological indications. PMID:23525565

Menger, Laurie; Vacchelli, Erika; Kepp, Oliver; Eggermont, Alexander; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

37

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

During the last two decades, a number of approaches for the activation of the immune system against cancer has been developed. These include highly specific interventions, such as monoclonal antibodies, vaccines and cell-based therapies, as well as relatively unselective strategies, such as the systemic administration of adjuvants and immunomodulatory cytokines. Cytokines constitute a huge group of proteins that, taken together, regulate not only virtually all the aspects of innate and cognate immunity, but also several other cellular and organismal functions. Cytokines operate via specific transmembrane receptors that are expressed on the plasma membrane of target cells and, depending on multiple variables, can engage autocrine, paracrine or endocrine signaling pathways. The most appropriate term for defining the cytokine network is “pleiotropic”: cytokines are produced by - and operate on - multiple, often overlapping, cell types, triggering context-depend biological outcomes as diverse as cell proliferation, chemotaxis, differentiation, inflammation, elimination of pathogens and cell death. Moreover, cytokines often induce the release of additional cytokines, thereby engaging self-amplificatory or self-inhibitory signaling cascades. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the biological properties of cytokines and discuss the progress of ongoing clinical studies evaluating their safety and efficacy as immunomodulatory agents against cancer. PMID:22754768

Vacchelli, Erika; Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

38

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Dendritic cells (DCs) occupy a central position in the immune system, orchestrating a wide repertoire of responses that span from the development of self-tolerance to the elicitation of potent cellular and humoral immunity. Accordingly, DCs are involved in the etiology of conditions as diverse as infectious diseases, allergic and autoimmune disorders, graft rejection and cancer. During the last decade, several methods have been developed to load DCs with tumor-associated antigens, ex vivo or in vivo, in the attempt to use them as therapeutic anticancer vaccines that would elicit clinically relevant immune responses. While this has not always been the case, several clinical studies have demonstrated that DC-based anticancer vaccines are capable of activating tumor-specific immune responses that increase overall survival, at least in a subset of patients. In 2010, this branch of clinical research has culminated with the approval by FDA of a DC-based therapeutic vaccine (sipuleucel-T, Provenge®) for use in patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Intense research efforts are currently dedicated to the identification of the immunological features of patients that best respond to DC-based anticancer vaccines. This knowledge may indeed lead to personalized combination strategies that would extend the benefit of DC-based immunotherapy to a larger patient population. In addition, widespread enthusiasm has been generated by the results of the first clinical trials based on in vivo DC targeting, an approach that holds great promises for the future of DC-based immunotherapy. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recently completed clinical trials and discuss the progress of ongoing studies that have evaluated/are evaluating DC-based interventions for cancer therapy. PMID:23170259

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Senovilla, Laura; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

39

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Oncolytic virotherapy is emerging as a promising approach for the treatment of several neoplasms. The term “oncolytic viruses” is generally employed to indicate naturally occurring or genetically engineered attenuated viral particles that cause the demise of malignant cells while sparing their non-transformed counterparts. From a conceptual standpoint, oncolytic viruses differ from so-called “oncotropic viruses” in that only the former are able to kill cancer cells, even though both display a preferential tropism for malignant tissues. Of note, such a specificity can originate at several different steps of the viral cycle, including the entry of virions (transductional specificity) as well as their intracellular survival and replication (post-transcriptional and transcriptional specificity). During the past two decades, a large array of replication-competent and replication-incompetent oncolytic viruses has been developed and engineered to express gene products that would specifically promote the death of infected (cancer) cells. However, contrarily to long-standing beliefs, the antineoplastic activity of oncolytic viruses is not a mere consequence of the cytopathic effect, i.e., the lethal outcome of an intense, productive viral infection, but rather involves the elicitation of an antitumor immune response. In line with this notion, oncolytic viruses genetically modified to drive the local production of immunostimulatory cytokines exert more robust therapeutic effects than their non-engineered counterparts. Moreover, the efficacy of oncolytic virotherapy is significantly improved by some extent of initial immunosuppression (facilitating viral replication and spread) followed by the administration of immunostimulatory molecules (boosting antitumor immune responses). In this Trial Watch, we will discuss the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating the safety and antineoplastic potential of oncolytic virotherapy. PMID:23894720

Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Galon, Jérôme; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

40

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

The foundation of modern vaccinology dates back to the 1790s, when the English physician Edward Jenner uncovered the tremendous medical potential of prophylactic vaccination. Jenner’s work ignited a wave of nationwide vaccination campaigns abating the incidence of multiple life-threatening infectious diseases and culminating with the eradication of natural smallpox virus, which was definitively certified by the WHO in 1980. The possibility of using vaccines against cancer was first proposed at the end of the 19th century by Paul Ehrlich and William Coley. However, it was not until the 1990s that such a hypothesis began to be intensively investigated, following the realization that the immune system is not completely unresponsive to tumors and that neoplastic cells express immunogenic tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Nowadays, anticancer vaccines are rapidly moving from the bench to the bedside, and a few prophylactic and therapeutic preparations have already been approved by FDA for use in humans. In this setting, one interesting approach is constituted by DNA vaccines, i.e., TAA-encoding circularized DNA constructs, often of bacterial origin, that are delivered to patients as such or by means of specific vectors, including (but not limited to) liposomal preparations, nanoparticles, bacteria and viruses. The administration of DNA vaccines is most often performed via the intramuscular or subcutaneous route and is expected to cause (1) the endogenous synthesis of the TAA by myocytes and/or resident antigen-presenting cells; (2) the presentation of TAA-derived peptides on the cell surface, in association with MHC class I molecules; and (3) the activation of potentially therapeutic tumor-specific immune responses. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating DNA vaccines as therapeutic interventions against cancer. PMID:23734328

Senovilla, Laura; Vacchelli, Erika; Garcia, Pauline; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jérôme; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

41

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Prophylactic vaccination constitutes one of the most prominent medical achievements of history. This concept was first demonstrated by the pioneer work of Edward Jenner, dating back to the late 1790s, after which an array of preparations that confer life-long protective immunity against several infectious agents has been developed. The ensuing implementation of nation-wide vaccination programs has de facto abated the incidence of dreadful diseases including rabies, typhoid, cholera and many others. Among all, the most impressive result of vaccination campaigns is surely represented by the eradication of natural smallpox infection, which was definitively certified by the WHO in 1980. The idea of employing vaccines as anticancer interventions was first theorized in the 1890s by Paul Ehrlich and William Coley. However, it soon became clear that while vaccination could be efficiently employed as a preventive measure against infectious agents, anticancer vaccines would have to (1) operate as therapeutic, rather than preventive, interventions (at least in the vast majority of settings), and (2) circumvent the fact that tumor cells often fail to elicit immune responses. During the past 30 y, along with the recognition that the immune system is not irresponsive to tumors (as it was initially thought) and that malignant cells express tumor-associated antigens whereby they can be discriminated from normal cells, considerable efforts have been dedicated to the development of anticancer vaccines. Some of these approaches, encompassing cell-based, DNA-based and purified component-based preparations, have already been shown to exert conspicuous anticancer effects in cohorts of patients affected by both hematological and solid malignancies. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating purified peptides or full-length proteins as therapeutic interventions against cancer. PMID:23264902

Vacchelli, Erika; Martins, Isabelle; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2012-01-01

42

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Dendritic cells (DCs) occupy a privileged position at the interface between innate and adaptive immunity, orchestrating a large panel of responses to both physiological and pathological cues. In particular, whereas the presentation of antigens by immature DCs generally results in the development of immunological tolerance, mature DCs are capable of priming robust, and hence therapeutically relevant, adaptive immune responses. In line with this notion, functional defects in the DC compartment have been shown to etiologically contribute to pathological conditions including (but perhaps not limited to) infectious diseases, allergic and autoimmune disorders, graft rejection and cancer. Thus, the possibility of harnessing the elevated immunological potential of DCs for anticancer therapy has attracted considerable interest from both researchers and clinicians over the last decade. Alongside, several methods have been developed not only to isolate DCs from cancer patients, expand them, load them with tumor-associated antigens and hence generate highly immunogenic clinical grade infusion products, but also to directly target DCs in vivo. This intense experimental effort has culminated in 2010 with the approval by the US FDA of a DC-based preparation (sipuleucel-T, Provenge®) for the treatment of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic castration-refractory prostate cancer. As an update to the latest Trial Watch dealing with this exciting field of research (October 2012), here we summarize recent advances in DC-based anticancer regimens, covering both high-impact studies that have been published during the last 13 mo and clinical trials that have been launched in the same period to assess the antineoplastic potential of this variant of cellular immunotherapy. PMID:24286020

Vacchelli, Erika; Vitale, Ilio; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Fu?íková, Jitka; Cremer, Isabelle; Galon, Jérôme; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

43

YELLOWSTONE RIVER WATCH (YRW)  

EPA Science Inventory

Yellowstone River Watch seeks to expand its monitoring and education efforts throughout the Yellowstone River Basin by actively recruiting and training new teacher members. Yellowstone River Watch also seeks to advance existing school programs by offering quality assurance/quali...

44

Mount Chacaltaya Regional GAW Station in the Central Andes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory (MCL), located 30 km from the city of La Paz , at 5300 m asl, is well known as a cosmic ray laboratory that made important contributions to the Elementary Particles Physics in the 40's and 50's of the last century. Since its beginnings, the MCL has also hosted instruments and experiments devoted to atmospheric research and health studies at high altitude locations. In addition, the Chacaltaya glacier has attracted the interest of worldwide climatologists, due to its dramatic retreat. In fact, this glacier does not exist almost anymore. Recently, the Atmospheric Physics Laboratory (LFA-UMSA) has begun to take permanent and field measurements of some relevant atmospheric parameters at MCL, such as carbon dioxide, aerosols and ultraviolet irradiance. In this work we show some characteristics that made Chacaltaya a Regional GAW Station (CHC), recently nominated by WMO. In addition we show some pioneering steps of this project, supported by research institutes from France, Italy, Switzerland and USA. Finally, thanks to the vigorous co-operation of the Raman lidar group at Goddard Space Flight Center, a new YAG Laser is being installed, to be operated together with the "old" Alexandrite Lidar in the study of aerosols at La Paz.

Zaratti, Francesco; Forno, Ricardo N.; Lolli, Simone

2010-05-01

45

Swatch Watch in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For centuries, Swiss firms manufactured and sold precision watches and were the undisputed leaders in timekeeping. All this came to an abrupt end when, in the mid-1970s, the Japanese began to make reliable digital watches at a fraction of the cost of the expensive, labor-intensive Swiss product. In 1983, Switzerland answered with the introduction…

Osterer, Irv

2010-01-01

46

BrowserWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the BrowserWatch site is to keep you current on the newest developments in Web browsers. It contains a news section offering a variety of newsgroup postings about the latest in browsers; the BrowserWatch Browser Listing, with over 60 browsers, platforms supported, and links to their sites; a "Plug-in Plaza", with a list of plug-ins, their availability by platform, what they do, and links to download sites; and statistics on which browsers have visited the BrowserWatch page. http://browserwatch.internet.com/ For more information on browsers, see the Scout Toolkit browser page. webtools/browsers.html

47

AccessWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AccessWatch, provided by David Maher, is a shareware utility that provides a regularly updated summary of WWW server hits and accesses, and gives a graphical representation of available statistics. It generates statistics for hourly server load, page demand, accesses by domain, and accesses by host. AccessWatch can run on Unix or Windows NT servers. The AccessWatch page provides sample output, a FAQ, installation instructions, and the Perl script that makes the product work. It is free for government, non-commercial home, and academic use. See the license agreement for more information.

48

Treasure Valley Watershed Watch  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS biologist Dorene MacCoy and a group of citizen volunteers prepare to collect and record water-quality data as part of the October 27 Watershed Watch citizen science event on the Boise River in Boise, ID....

49

Treasure Valley Watershed Watch  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS biologist Dorene MacCoy and a group of citizen volunteers collect and record water-quality data as part of the October 27 Watershed Watch citizen science event on the Boise River in Boise, ID....

50

Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operation Waste Watch is a seven-unit program for grades K-6 which addresses such topics as litter control, recycling, and resources recovery. It is designed to instill in students positive feelings about the environment. (DS)

Groover, Richard S.

1981-01-01

51

WatchList  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Audubon has launched this site identifying North American bird species that are "faced with population decline, limited geographic range, and/or threats such as habitat loss on their breeding and wintering grounds." Compiled by Partners in Flight, the list is provided as a citizen science initiative to shift conservation agendas away from "reactive, last-minute rescue attempts" and towards preventative measures. In addition to the continental WatchList, the site posts state WatchLists. To access a state list, simply click on the US map (or state name) to browse the list of bird species or read about the criteria used to establish the list. Each highlighted species account includes a color photograph, common and scientific name, and indicators of relative abundance, distribution, threats to breeding and non-breeding ranges, and population trends. The site also includes a FAQ section, Five Ways to Help WatchList Birds, and Kids WatchList Action.

52

Choices and Trade-Offs: Reply to McGaw  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contrasts the role and approach taken by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) with that of the OECD in the conduct of their respective large-scale assessment programmes. It is argued that the differences in the approaches taken in the conduct of the respective assessments are not merely…

Wagemaker, Hans

2008-01-01

53

Computer programmer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What do computer programmers actually do? This is the introductory page for a set of materials about computer programming as a career. Here the job of a computer programmer is defined and described. Computer programmers write and maintain computer software. In the rest of the resource, students can examine a specialized job title associated with computer programming: software developer. Students can view a six-minute video clip of the software developer as he works on writing software and debugging programs. He is the leader of a project using three software developers to write software. Students watch as the software developer explains and demonstrates how to write a program that prints a phrase on the screen when an icon is clicked. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Iowa Public Television. School to Careers Project

2002-01-01

54

The GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION) as a source of near-real time aerosol profile data for model evaluation and assimilation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2007, the WMO Global Atmospheric Watch’s Science Advisory Group on Aerosols described a global network of lidar networks called GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION). GALION has a purpose of providing expanded coverage of aerosol observations for climate and air quality use. Comprised of networks in Asia (AD-NET), Europe (EARLINET and CIS-LINET), North America (CREST and CORALNET), South America (ALINE) and with contribution from global networks such as MPLNET and NDACC, the collaboration provides a unique capability to define aerosol profiles in the vertical. GALION is designed to supplement existing ground-based and column profiling (AERONET, PHOTONS, SKYNET, GAWPFR) stations. In September 2010, GALION held its second workshop and one component of discussion focussed how the network would integrate into model needs. GALION partners have contributed to the Sand and Dust Storm Warning and Analysis System (SDS-WAS) and to assimilation in models such as DREAM. This paper will present the conclusions of those discussions and how these observations can fit into a global model analysis framework. Questions of availability, latency, and aerosol parameters that might be ingested into models will be discussed. An example of where EARLINET and GALION have contributed in near-real time observations was the suite of measurements during the Eyjafjallajokull eruption in Iceland and its impact on European air travel. Lessons learned from this experience will be discussed.

Hoff, R. M.; Pappalardo, G.

2010-12-01

55

Whale-Watching-Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite, by Rauno Lauhakangas of the University of Helsinki, Finland, includes a myriad of whale-related topics, some of which are scientific. The research-oriented sections include: Oceanographic Research (a collection of links to research sites, i.e. The Radio Acoustic Positioning and Telemetry Network -- a useful technique for monitoring whale/fish behavior); Cetacean's Rights (a section providing examples of legislation regulating whale-watching in Argentina, New Zealand, and elsewhere); and Bioacoustics (a section of links dedicated to Cetacean Research Technology). Educators will find useful information and compelling photographic images in the Cetacean Encyclopaedia (an introduction to whale species); Cetacean Pictures; and Virtual Whale Watching (a high-tech, state-of-the-art introduction to virtual whale-watching).

56

Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Newsletter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in 1998 and funded by a combination of organizations, the Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse collects, compiles, and disseminates information on the tools, techniques, and strategies necessary to manage "growth" (human expansion) while promoting "the best land use practices." The Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Newsletter is a free, weekly electronic newsletter that summarizes current news and provides links to related news stories and Websites. Users may browse issues online (archive is listed at the bottom of the last page) or receive issues through a free email subscription.

57

Uncertainty and bias of surface ozone measurements at selected Global Atmosphere Watch sites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program currently coordinates 22 ground-based atmospheric background monitoring stations of global scope. The GAW World Calibration Centre for Surface Ozone, Carbon Monoxide and Methane (WCC-EMPA) is responsible for tracing surface ozone measurements at these stations to the designated reference within the GAW program, the Standard Reference Photometer SRP 2 maintained at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The recommended method for surface ozone measurements is based on UV absorption at 254 nm (Hg line). Repeated and regular intercomparisons of station instruments are necessary to achieve and maintain high and known data quality. In this paper, the traceability chain is explained, and standard uncertainties for each element are evaluated. Data of 26 intercomparisons performed at 14 stations between 1996 and 2002 are analyzed. On 23 occasions, the instruments passed the audit with "good" agreement, in one case with "sufficient" agreement. On 2 occasions, both first audits at the site, the audited instrument did not comply with the minimal data quality requirements. The best instruments in use exhibit a median absolute bias of approximately 0.32 ppbv and a standard uncertainty of approximately 0.8 ppbv (0-100 ppbv). The quantitative improvement of data quality as a result of repeated audits can be demonstrated with several stations.

Klausen, JöRg; Zellweger, Christoph; Buchmann, Brigitte; Hofer, Peter

2003-10-01

58

Wrist-watch dosimeter  

DOEpatents

The disclosure is directed to a wristwatch dosimeter utilizing a CdTe detector, a microprocessor and an audio and/or visual alarm. The dosimeter is entirely housable within a conventional digital watch case having an additional aperture enabling the detector to receive radiation.

Wolf, M.A.; Waechter, D.A.; Umbarger, C.J.

1982-04-16

59

The Monarch Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education can be an exciting process of observation and discovery. This article describes the use of the Monarch Watch project by environmental educators to study migratory behavior and scientific research through the tagging of Monarch butterflies. Discusses reasons the national project has been successful. (LZ)

Brown, Ken

1994-01-01

60

cameras are watching you  

E-print Network

of software expands the small field of view that traditional pan-tilt-zoom security cameras offer. When the viewspaces of all the security cameras in an area overlap. Then it can determine the geocameras are watching you New surveillance camera being developed by Ohio

Davis, James W.

61

Capitol Watch Daily News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Capitol Watch On Line offers content on what's going on in the nations capital daily. A dozen or more headline stories plus a special interests section and links to the Federal News Service and other government sites. "Live chat with candidates and the leaders of our nation" is promised to be coming in 2 weeks.

1999-01-01

62

Yourlittleones watching you.  

E-print Network

Yourlittleones learn from watching you. If you eat whole grains, your kids will too! Whole Grains Happy Kids, Happy Tummies Whole Grain Know-How Whole-grains are great for your heart and digestion. Make Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion

Liskiewicz, Maciej

63

Corn blight watch experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The corn blight problem is briefly described how the experiment was organized and conducted, the effect of the blight on the 1971 crop, and some conclusions that may be drawn as a result of the experiment. The information is based on preliminary reports of the Corn Blight Watch Steering Committee and incorporates much illustrative material conceived at Purdue University.

1974-01-01

64

Moon Watch Flip Book!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners observe the moon each night for a month and draw their observations in a Moon Watch Log. After twenty-nine days of observations, learners put the pages together to create a flip book to see the Moon pass through all its phases in just a few seconds.

2011-08-20

65

CoralWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Built on a research project at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, CoralWatch has developed a cheap, simple, non-invasive method for the monitoring of coral bleaching, and assessment of coral health. In the field, users simply use the Coral Health Chart to compare colors of corals with colors on the chart and record matching codes. Students submit their data and can view data from reefs around the world. Virtual components are also available.

66

Bumble Bee Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bumble Bee Watch is a collaborative effort to track and conserve North America's bumble bees. This citizen science project allows for individuals to upload photos of bumble bees to start a virtual bumble bee collection, identify the bumble bees in their photos, have identifications verified by experts, help researchers determine the status and conservation needs of bumble bees, help locate rare or endangered populations of bumble bees, learn about bumble bees, their ecology, and ongoing conservation efforts, and connect with other citizen scientists.

2014-04-01

67

The International Halley Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In preparation for the 1985 to 1986 apparition of Halley's Comet, the International Halley Watch (IHW) has initiated a comprehensive program to simulate, encourage, and coordinate scientific observation of the apparition. The observing groups with which the IHW plans to interact are discussed and the ground based observing nets are described in detail. An outline of the history of observations of Halley's Comet and a synopsis of comet properties and physics are included.

1980-01-01

68

Search Engine Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Search Engine Watch is a resource designed to provide information to two distinct groups of users: web professionals (commercial webmasters, site designers and promoters), and web searchers. The Webmaster's Guide to Search Engines contains information on search engine design, ranking, and tips on how to make sure your site receives a high relevance rating. Search Engine Facts and Fun contains information on the major search services and links to selected search engine tutorials and ratings articles, among other features.

69

Colorado River Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Colorado River Watch mission is to work with voluntary stewards to monitor water quality and other indicators of watershed health and utilize this high quality data to educate citizens and inform decision makers about the condition of Colorado's waters. This data is also used in the Clean Water Act decision-making process. See their website for a training schedule, with scholarships available for groups.

2014-05-14

70

Logistic transmission models of insulin dependent diabetes from GAW5 data  

SciTech Connect

A nonparametric and general method of linkage analysis has been developed. The repeated measure strategy of Speilman has been adapted to the conditional logistic function to establish linkage by stepwise modeling of transmission from parent to progeny. No foreknowledges of genetic association, linkage nor mode of inheritance is required. The effects at multiple loci are easily modelled. Such logistic transmission models have been developed from GAW5 data. Serology at HLA-DR is more closely linked to the phenotype than are the other GAW5 HLA loci with coefficients at DR2 of -1.4 (S.E. of 0.4), DR3 of 1.1 (S.E. of 0.2), and DR4 of 1.2 (S.E. of 0.2). Relative to the random transmission of alleles, the model achieves a {chi}{sub 3}{sup 2} of 114 (p<10{sup -24}). From the GAW5 subset with insulin gene data, models incorporating either the insulin gene 1 or the 3 alleles are similar. Overall models from this GAW5 subset are also consistent with genetic heterogeneity at HLA and the insulin gene (e.g., {chi}{sub 1}{sup 2} for improvement > 4.6, overall model {chi}{sub 4}{sup 2} = 71, p=10{sup -18}). Properties of the logistic transmission model suggest this approach will be useful when linkage is sought over small recombination distances, when resistance and susceptibility alleles coexist at a locus, and when a complex mode of inheritance is suspected.

Neas, B.R.; Harley, J.B. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

1994-09-01

71

World Monuments Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether from civil unrest or environmental degradation, many of the world's great cultural and historical landmarks remain threatened. Fortunately, there are groups like the World Monument Watch who keep close tabs on the state of these important resources. On the site, visitors can traipse on through an interactive map of the world to learn about each site. For each site, visitors will find a photograph of the landmark, a short essay on the history of each landmark, and some explanation of the reasons for its inclusion on the list.

2008-01-01

72

Illinois RiverWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Illinois RiverWatch Network is a volunteer stream monitoring program that seeks to engage Illinois citizens by training them as Citizen Scientists. Each year at adopted stream sites in their communities, Citizen Scientists conduct habitat and biological surveys, including the collection and identification of small stream organisms called macroinvertabrates that serve as bioindicators of water quality. The program strives to collect consistent, high-quality data on the conditions of local streams and provide citizens with a hands-on opportunity to be better stewards of our watersheds.

2014-05-14

73

CoastWatch/OceanWatch Proving Ground: VIIRS Ocean Color  

E-print Network

CoastWatch/OceanWatch Proving Ground: VIIRS Ocean Color User Engagement, Quality Assessment Science Seminar #12;Outline Overview of VIIRS Ocean Color Proving Ground (Hughes) VIIRS Ocean Color Independent Quality Assessment (Ramachandran) Ocean Color Data Usage in the Atlantis Ecosystem Model (Ihde

74

75 FR 17944 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5411-N-01] Credit Watch Termination Initiative AGENCY: Office...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2010-04-08

75

29 CFR 1915.504 - Fire watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Fire watches. 1915.504 Section 1915.504...HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment § 1915.504 Fire watches. (a) Written fire watch...

2014-07-01

76

29 CFR 1915.504 - Fire watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fire watches. 1915.504 Section 1915.504...HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment § 1915.504 Fire watches. (a) Written fire watch...

2011-07-01

77

29 CFR 1915.504 - Fire watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fire watches. 1915.504 Section 1915.504...HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment § 1915.504 Fire watches. (a) Written fire watch...

2013-07-01

78

29 CFR 1915.504 - Fire watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fire watches. 1915.504 Section 1915.504...HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Fire Protection in Shipyard Employment § 1915.504 Fire watches. (a) Written fire watch...

2012-07-01

79

Scholastic: Weather Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weather Watch series of online projects investigates seasonal weather phenomena. Students discover the scientific explanations for these events, and use tools and resources for enhanced research. The Hurricanes project allows students to monitor patterns and plot the progression of hurricanes. The Winter Storms project contains an interactive weather maker allowing students to create different weather patterns by changing factors. A winter storm timeline provides stories of the harshest blizzards that have occurred in the U.S. The Weather Reporters project includes a selection of hands-on science experiments for classroom participation, leading up to sharing results online with students worldwide. Each project provides assessment tools and lesson plan suggestions for educators. Links are provided for additional resources.

80

Drought Watch '99  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blistering summer temperatures have brought drought conditions across large sections of the United States, especially in the Mid-Atlantic, Northeast, and upper Ohio Valley regions. This new site from the US Geological Survey (USGS) offers a number of drought resources. These include the latest condition reports for selected states and realtime streamflow data from the mid-Atlantic region; links to current information from the National Weather Service and the Department of Agriculture; drought definitions; and notes from a recent Congressional Briefing on drought in the Middle Atlantic states. The last item includes a number of graphs and streamflow maps. Numerous links to related sites and sources for more information are provided throughout Drought Watch.

81

Operation Crane Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the title suggests a military orientation, Operation Crane Watch is actually a US Geological Survey site that tracks the migratory movements of twenty Sandhill Cranes en route to their respective breeding grounds. Captured in the Platte River Valley in March and April, each bird is tracked by a satellite transmitter affixed to a band placed above the crane's knee joint. The Website provides a brief overview (and photographs) of the capture methods, as well as several sound clips (MPEG) of cranes calling. The main value of the site, however, is the series of maps showing each bird's movements, and a combined map indicating the most recent locations of all marked birds with latitude and longitude record and date of each individual sighting. The combined map is an excellent illustration of the wide breeding range of Sandhill Cranes. Students and educators will find this site particularly useful.

82

Global Forest Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is happening in forests right now? You can find out with this amazing resource from the World Resources Institute. This interactive map of the world includes remarkable specialty features that allow users to learn about tree cover loss over time, along with some success stories from around the world. In short the Global Forest Watch (GFW) is a "dynamic online forest monitoring and alert system that empowers people everywhere to better manage forests." After first agreeing to terms of use, visitors to the site can navigate to the Map tab to use a sophisticated set of tools that track tree cover loss and gain from 2000 to the present. Additionally, users can toggle on and off various themes such as "Forest Use" and "Conversation" as they see fit. The Stories area is a real delight as it allows users to learn about the folks who are working to conserve and enhance existing forested areas from Ecuador to Egypt.

83

CorpWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Corporate Watch is an online magazine and resource center affiliated with the Institute for Global Communications (discussed in the November 15, 1996 Scout Report) and the Transnational Resource and Action Center (TRAC), among others. An array of full text news articles, photo galleries, and useful links to activist groups and government data keep users abreast of corporate activity. All articles and photos are archived and contributors include the Los Angeles Times and Greenpeace International. An online research guide, TNCs and India, produced by the Public Interest Research Group in New Delhi, and the bibliography, From the Horse's Mouth: Corporate Links also provide lesser-known tactics for company investigation. Interested parties may join a Corporate Watchers listserv for future news alerts concerning violations of human and environmental rights by corporations around the world.

84

Global Forest Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the Forest Frontiers Initiative (described in the September 30, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering), the World Resources Institute (WRI) has launched Global Forest Watch, an ambitious, international effort to assemble and provide "objective, quality data" on the state of the world's forests. The site's main function is to introduce viewers to the project, calling attention to regional centers (Central Africa, North America, Southeast Asia, South America, and Russia), and providing "comprehensive information on logging, mining, and other development activities within and around frontier forests as, or before, it happens." A brochure (English or French) can be downloaded (.pdf format) in the Resources section, and the Newsroom will serve as a spotlight for recent information.

85

Neighborhood Environmental Watch Network  

SciTech Connect

The Neighborhood Environmental Watch Network (NEWNET) is a regional network of environmental monitoring stations and a data archival center that supports collaboration between communities, industry, and government agencies to solve environmental problems. The stations provide local displays of measurements for the public and transmit measurements via satellite to a central site for archival and analysis. Station managers are selected from the local community and trained to support the stations. Archived data and analysis tools are available to researchers, educational institutions, industrial collaborators, and the public across the nation through a communications network. Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Environmental Protection Agency have developed a NEWNET pilot program for the Department of Energy. The pilot program supports monitoring stations in Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, and California. Additional stations are being placed in Colorado and New Mexico. Pilot stations take radiological and meteorological measurements. Other measurements are possible by exchanging sensors.

Sanders, L.D.

1993-10-01

86

Frontline: On Our Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the situation in Darfur continues to unfold, a number of media outlets have continued to investigate the United Nations involvement in the region. The journalists and researchers at the PBS program Frontline embarked on their own investigation into the subject. Along the way, they explored China's economic interests in the region, the actions of the Security Council, and those of various UN member nations. Visitors to this site can watch the documentary program in its entirety, and they can also read essays on various aspects of Darfur written by activists, historians, and policy experts. Other features on the site include a map of the region, a list of suggested readings and links, and journal entries from the show's producer, Neil Doherty.

87

USGS: WaterWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey pays keen attention to a number of physical processes around the country, and they are no less vigilant in their efforts to study water resources. Visitors to this site will first notice the map of real-time streamflow activity right in the middle of the homepage. The data is organized into seven percentile classes that draw on historical data to illustrate how the current streamflow activity compares to activity in the past. Using a series of drop-down menus on the top allows users to look for current flood and drought watches and also access historical maps and graphs that offer some perspective on monthly streamflow. Finally, the site also contains a thorough explanation of streamflow data and how such data is compiled and analyzed.

88

Executive PayWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Executive PayWatch is provided by the AFL-CIO, a trade union group. The site aims to be a "working family's guide to monitoring and curtailing the excessive salaries, bonuses and perks in CEO compensation packages." Visitors can conduct a comparison of CEO and worker pay increases, and evaluate the reasons given for high CEO salary increases. There is also a database of the salaries of the CEOs of Standard & Poor (S&P 500) corporations. Users can find instructions on how to obtain details of CEO compensation for companies not in the S&P 500 from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) web site. A guide on what actions workers can take to restrain CEO pay increases rounds up the site.

89

A new 5?,8?-Epidioxysterol from the soft coral Sinularia gaweli.  

PubMed

A new sterol, (22R,23R,24R)-5?,8?-epidioxy-22,23-methylene-24-methyl-cholest-6,9(11)-dien-3?-ol (1), and two known sterols, (22R,23R,24R)-5?,8?-epidioxy-22,23-methylene-24-methylcholest-6-en-3?-ol (2) and 24-methylenecholestane-1?,3?,5?, 6?,11?-pentol (3), were isolated from the soft coral Sinularia gaweli. The structure of sterol 1 was established by spectroscopic methods and by comparison of the spectral data with those of known analogues. The cytotoxicity of sterols 1-3 towards various tumor cells is reported. PMID:23459300

Yen, Wei-Hsuan; Chen, Wu-Fu; Cheng, Ching-Hsiao; Dai, Chang-Feng; Lu, Mei-Chin; Su, Jui-Hsin; Su, Yin-Di; Chen, Yu-Hsin; Chang, Yu-Chia; Chen, Yung-Husan; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Lin, Chan-Hsing; Wen, Zhi-Hong; Sung, Ping-Jyun

2013-01-01

90

Cembrane Derivatives from the Soft Corals, Sinularia gaweli and Sinularia flexibilis  

PubMed Central

A new norcembranoidal diterpene, 1-epi-sinulanorcembranolide A (1), and a new cembranoidal diterpene, flexibilin D (2), were isolated from the soft corals, Sinularia gaweli and Sinularia flexibilis, respectively. The structures of new metabolites 1 and 2 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and compound 2 was found to significantly inhibit the accumulation of the pro-inflammatory iNOS and COX-2 proteins of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells. In addition, S. flexibilis yielded a known cembrane, 5-dehydrosinulariolide (3); the structure, including its absolute stereochemistry, was further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. PMID:23774887

Hu, Li-Chung; Yen, Wei-Hsuan; Su, Jui-Hsin; Chiang, Michael Yen-Nan; Wen, Zhi-Hong; Chen, Wu-Fu; Lu, Ting-Jang; Chang, Yu-Wei; Chen, Yung-Husan; Wang, Wei-Hsien; Wu, Yang-Chang; Sung, Ping-Jyun

2013-01-01

91

Cembrane derivatives from the soft corals, Sinularia gaweli and Sinularia flexibilis.  

PubMed

A new norcembranoidal diterpene, 1-epi-sinulanorcembranolide A (1), and a new cembranoidal diterpene, flexibilin D (2), were isolated from the soft corals, Sinularia gaweli and Sinularia flexibilis, respectively. The structures of new metabolites 1 and 2 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and compound 2 was found to significantly inhibit the accumulation of the pro-inflammatory iNOS and COX-2 proteins of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells. In addition, S. flexibilis yielded a known cembrane, 5-dehydrosinulariolide (3); the structure, including its absolute stereochemistry, was further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. PMID:23774887

Hu, Li-Chung; Yen, Wei-Hsuan; Su, Jui-Hsin; Chiang, Michael Yen-Nan; Wen, Zhi-Hong; Chen, Wu-Fu; Lu, Ting-Jang; Chang, Yu-Wei; Chen, Yung-Husan; Wang, Wei-Hsien; Wu, Yang-Chang; Sung, Ping-Jyun

2013-06-01

92

Proposing a tornado watch scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis provides an overview of language used in tornado safety recommendations from various sources, along with developing a rubric for scaled tornado safety recommendations, and subsequent development and testing of a tornado watch scale. The rubric is used to evaluate tornado refuge/shelter adequacy responses of Tuscaloosa residents gathered following the April 27, 2011 Tuscaloosa, Alabama EF4 tornado. There was a significant difference in the counts of refuge adequacy for Tuscaloosa residents when holding the locations during the April 27th tornado constant and comparing adequacy ratings for weak (EF0-EF1), strong (EF2-EF3) and violent (EF4-EF5) tornadoes. There was also a significant difference when comparing future tornado refuge plans of those same participants to the adequacy ratings for weak, strong and violent tornadoes. The tornado refuge rubric is then revised into a six-class, hierarchical Tornado Watch Scale (TWS) from Level 0 to Level 5 based on the likelihood of high-impact or low-impact severe weather events containing weak, strong or violent tornadoes. These levels represent maximum expected tornado intensity and include tornado safety recommendations from the tornado refuge rubric. Audio recordings similar to those used in current National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather radio communications were developed to correspond to three levels of the TWS, a current Storm Prediction Center (SPC) tornado watch and a particularly dangerous situation (PDS) tornado watch. These were then used in interviews of Alabama residents to determine how changes to the information contained in the watch statements would affect each participant's tornado safety actions and perception of event danger. Results from interview participants (n=38) indicate a strong preference (97.37%) for the TWS when compared to current tornado watch and PDS tornado watch statements. Results also show the TWS elicits more adequate safety decisions from participants along with a more appropriate perception of the danger being conveyed by each statement.

Mason, Jonathan Brock

93

Tropospheric CH4 signals as observed by NDACC FTIR at globally distributed sites and comparison to GAW surface in situ measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present lower/middle tropospheric column-averaged CH4 mole fraction time series measured by nine globally distributed ground-based FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) remote sensing experiments of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC). We show that these data are well representative of the tropospheric regional-scale CH4 signal, largely independent of the local surface small-scale signals, and only weakly dependent on upper tropospheric/lower stratospheric (UTLS) CH4 variations. In order to achieve the weak dependency on the UTLS, we use an a posteriori correction method. We estimate a typical precision for daily mean values of about 0.5% and a systematic error of about 2.5%. The theoretical assessments are complemented by an extensive empirical study. For this purpose, we use surface in situ CH4 measurements made within the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) network and compare them to the remote sensing data. We briefly discuss different filter methods for removing the local small-scale signals from the surface in situ data sets in order to obtain the in situ regional-scale signals. We find good agreement between the filtered in situ and the remote sensing data. The agreement is consistent for a variety of timescales that are interesting for CH4 source/sink research: day-to-day, monthly, and inter-annual. The comparison study confirms our theoretical estimations and proves that the NDACC FTIR measurements can provide valuable data for investigating the cycle of CH4.

Sepúlveda, E.; Schneider, M.; Hase, F.; Barthlott, S.; Dubravica, D.; García, O. E.; Gomez-Pelaez, A.; González, Y.; Guerra, J. C.; Gisi, M.; Kohlhepp, R.; Dohe, S.; Blumenstock, T.; Strong, K.; Weaver, D.; Palm, M.; Sadeghi, A.; Deutscher, N. M.; Warneke, T.; Notholt, J.; Jones, N.; Griffith, D. W. T.; Smale, D.; Brailsford, G. W.; Robinson, J.; Meinhardt, F.; Steinbacher, M.; Aalto, T.; Worthy, D.

2014-07-01

94

DCC Technology Watch Papers: Fedora   

E-print Network

of repository models and systems are available and used by a variety of communities. They can take many forms and carry out many different functions. This technology watch paper provides an introduction to the features and functionality of the Fedora digital...

Pennock, Maureen

95

DCC Technology Watch Papers: EPrints   

E-print Network

of repository models and systems are available and used by a variety of communities. They can take many forms and carry out many different functions. This technology watch paper provides an introduction to the features and functionality of the EPrints digital...

Pennock, Maureen

96

Our Future Clocks and Watches  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT is to be hoped that the absurd dial of which you give a drawing will not come into general use. Why not adopt the convenient shape which for more than a century has been in use on the continent for some jewelled watches?:-A is the shape of the visible dial; c is the minute hand; D is the second-hand

Chatel

1885-01-01

97

Exploration Medical Capability - Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the Technology Watch process are to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current ExMC development efforts, and to work with academia, industry, and other government agencies to accelerate the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues that could occur during space exploration missions. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion. Such collaborations also further NASA s goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. The Tech Watch project addresses requirements and capabilities identified by knowledge and technology gaps that are derived from a discrete set of medical conditions that are most likely to occur on exploration missions. These gaps are addressed through technology readiness level assessments, market surveys, collaborations and distributed innovation opportunities. Ultimately, these gaps need to be closed with respect to exploration missions, and may be achieved through technology development projects. Information management is a key aspect to this process where Tech Watch related meetings, research articles, collaborations and partnerships are tracked by the HRP s Exploration Medical Capabilities (ExMC) Element. In 2011, ExMC will be introducing the Tech Watch external website and evidence wiki that will provide access to ExMC technology and knowledge gaps, technology needs and requirements documents.

Krihak, Michael; Watkins, Sharmila; Barr, Yael; Barsten, Kristina; Fung, Paul; Baumann, David

2011-01-01

98

ExMC Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technology Watch (Tech Watch) project is a NASA endeavor conducted under the Human Research Programs (HRP) Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element, and focusing on ExMC technology gaps. The project involves several NASA centers, including the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Glenn Research Center (GRC), Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Langley Research Center (LaRC). The objective of Tech Watch is to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current NASA HRP technology development efforts. Identifying such technologies accelerates the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues encountered during human space exploration missions. The aim of this process is to leverage technologies developed by academia, industry and other government agencies and to identify the effective utilization of NASA resources to maximize the HRP return on investment. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion and further NASAs goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. In 2011, the major focus areas for Tech Watch included information dissemination, education outreach and public accessibility to technology gaps and gap reports. The dissemination of information was accomplished through site visits to research laboratories and/or companies, and participation at select conferences where Tech Watch objectives and technology gaps were presented. Presentation of such material provided researchers with insights on NASA ExMC needs for space exploration and an opportunity to discuss potential areas of common interest. The second focus area, education outreach, was accomplished via two mechanisms. First, several senior student projects, each related to an ExMC technology gap, were sponsored by the various NASA centers. These projects presented ExMC related technology problems firsthand to collegiate laboratories. Second, a RASC-AL (Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts Academic Linkage) topic for FY12 was developed for medical systems and astronaut health under the Human-Focused Mars Mission Systems and Technologies theme. Announcement of the competition was made to the public in August 2011. Finally, critical Tech Watch information was prepared for public release in the form of gap reports. Complementing the ExMC technology gaps in the public domain, gap reports were generated, reviewed and revised through a series of technical, medical and subject matter expert reviews before approval for public release. An important vehicle for the public release of such documents was development of the ExMC wiki website, which will continue to be populated with gap reports and relevant documents throughout the upcoming year.

Krihak, M.; Barr, Y.; Watkins, S.; Fung, P.; McGrath, T.; Baumann, D.

2012-01-01

99

National CyberWatch Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CyberWatch has been funded as an Advanced Technological Education (ATE) Regional Center of Excellence since 2005 (NSF Award Nos. 0501828 and 0902747) and has expanded its membership to 94 colleges in 29 states. With this award, the center transitions to an even broader scope as an ATE National Center of Excellence.The mission of CyberWatch is "to advance cybersecurity education by leading collaborative efforts to strengthen the national cybersecurity workforce." The center is building a culture of collaboration among colleges and universities to:* promote the growth of cybersecurity education programs nationally, especially in community colleges;* build program and faculty capacity by sharing replicable models of excellence;* promote the cybersecurity profession through a national dissemination program;* strengthen student capacity and expand pathways to cybersecurity careers; and* support research on cybersecurity education.By promoting "models of excellence," CyberWatch is expanding high-quality cybersecurity programs at community colleges around the nation. The center is mentoring colleges to achieve the Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education - 2 Year (CAE2Y) designation; increasing students' awareness of cybersecurity careers and their participation in cybersecurity competitions at the K-12 and college levels; growing the number of faculty able to teach cybersecurity topics; assisting with curriculum development at all levels; expanding the knowledge base of what works (and what does not) in cybersecurity education at all levels; and continuing effective dissemination mechanisms, including the center's Web sites, newsletters, reports, conference presentations, and workshops and institutes, all of which advertise the center's services to a broad community.As a national center, CyberWatch is leading the effort to bring cybersecurity education at community colleges to the forefront of the national dialogue, thereby helping employers across the nation to meet a critical workforce need.

100

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Management  

E-print Network

, operations and management, together with the individual and corporate behaviours and cultures which exist, economics, strategy, marketing, finance, human resources, and business information systems, and allows you1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Management Award BSc

Weyde, Tillman

101

ExMC Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technology Watch (Tech Watch) project is directed by the NASA Human Research Programs (HRP) Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element, and primarily focuses on ExMC technology gaps. The project coordinates the efforts of multiple NASA centers, including the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Glenn Research Center (GRC), Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Langley Research Center (LaRC). The objective of Tech Watch is to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current NASA HRP technology development efforts. Identifying such technologies accelerates the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues encountered during human space exploration missions. The aim of this process is to leverage technologies developed by academia, industry and other government agencies and to identify the effective utilization of NASA resources to maximize the HRP return on investment. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion, and advance NASAs goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. In fiscal year 2013, the Tech Watch project maintained student project activity aimed at specific ExMC gaps, completed the gap report review cycle for all gaps through a maturated gap report review process, and revised the ExMC Tech Watch Sharepoint site for enhanced data content and organization. Through site visits, internships and promotions via aerospace journals, several student projects were initiated and completed this past year. Upon project completion, the students presented their results via telecom or WebEx to the ExMC Element as a whole. The upcoming year will continue to forge strategic alliances and student projects in the interest of technology and knowledge gap closure. Through the population of Sharepoint with technologies assessed by the gap owners, the database expansion will develop a more comprehensive technology set for each gap. By placing such data in Sharepoint, the gap report updates in fiscal year 2014 are anticipated to be streamlined since the evaluated technologies will be readily available to the gap owners in a sortable archive, and may be simply exported into the final gap report presentation.

Krihak, M.; Watkins, S.; Shaw, T.

2014-01-01

102

ExMC Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technology Watch (Tech Watch) project is directed by the NASA Human Research Program's (HRP) Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element, and primarily focuses on ExMC technology gaps. The project coordinates the efforts of multiple NASA centers, including the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Glenn Research Center (GRC), Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Langley Research Center (LaRC). The objective of Tech Watch is to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current NASA HRP technology development efforts. Identifying such technologies accelerates the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues encountered during human space exploration missions. The aim of this process is to leverage technologies developed by academia, industry and other government agencies and to identify the effective utilization of NASA resources to maximize the HRP return on investment. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion, and advance NASA's goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. In fiscal year 2013, the Tech Watch project maintained student project activity aimed at specific ExMC gaps, completed the gap report review cycle for all gaps through a maturated gap report review process, and revised the ExMC Tech Watch Sharepoint site for enhanced data content and organization. Through site visits, internships and promotions via aerospace journals, several student projects were initiated and completed this past year. Upon project completion, the students presented their results via telecom or WebEx to the ExMC Element as a whole. The upcoming year will continue to forge strategic alliances and student projects in the interest of technology and knowledge gap closure. Through the population of Sharepoint with technologies assessed by the gap owners, the database expansion will develop a more comprehensive technology set for each gap. By placing such data in Sharepoint, the gap report updates in fiscal year 2014 are anticipated to be streamlined since the evaluated technologies will be readily available to the gap owners in a sortable archive, and may be simply exported into the final gap report presentation

Krihak, M.; Watkins, S.; Shaw, T.

2014-01-01

103

ExMC Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technology Watch (Tech Watch) project is a NASA project that is operated under the Human Research Programs (HRP) Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element, and focuses on ExMC technology gaps. The project coordinates the efforts of several NASA centers, including the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Glenn Research Center (GRC), Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Langley Research Center (LaRC). The objective of Tech Watch is to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current NASA HRP technology development efforts. Identifying such technologies accelerates the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues encountered during human space exploration missions. The aim of this process is to leverage technologies developed by academia, industry and other government agencies and to identify the effective utilization of NASA resources to maximize the HRP return on investment. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion and further NASAs goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. In 2012, the Tech Watch project expanded the scope of activities to cultivate student projects targeted at specific ExMC gaps, generate gap reports for a majority of the ExMC gaps and maturate a gap report review process to optimize the technical and managerial aspects of ExMC gap status. Through numerous site visits and discussions with academia faculty, several student projects were initiated and/or completed this past year. A key element to these student projects was the ability of the project to align with a specific ExMC technology or knowledge gap. These projects were mentored and reviewed by Tech Watch leads at the various NASA centers. Another result of the past years efforts was the population of the ExMC wiki website that now contains more the three quarters of the ExMC gap reports. The remaining gap reports will be completed in FY13. Finally, the gap report review process for all ExMC gaps was initiated. This review process was instrumental in ensuring that each gap report was thoroughly reviewed for accuracy and relevant content prior to its public release. In the upcoming year, the gap report review process will be refined such that in addition to the gap report update, programmatic information related to gap closure will also be emphasized.

Krihak, M.; Watkins, S.; Fung, Paul P.

2013-01-01

104

About Seafood Watch® and the Seafood Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch® program evaluates the ecological sustainability of wild-caught and farmed seafood commonly found in the United States marketplace. Seafood Watch® defines sustainable seafood as originating from sources, whether wild-caught or farmed, which can maintain or increase production in the long-term without jeopardizing the structure or function of affected ecosystems. Seafood Watch® makes its science-based recommendations available

Lucile Packard

2006-01-01

105

Automatic soldering for watch circuit components  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automatic welding systems for watch circuits were developed to automate large variety small quantity production processes. The aim of the development was achieved by solving problems involving prevention of solder ball generation and development of a new heating method for components with low heat resistance, and development of a system that permits production of various watch circuits operations. As a result, it was possible to produce systems for stable soldering and switchover production of a variety of watch circuits with reduced switchover time.

Furuyama, Tohru; Furutani, Toshio; Takemoto, Mikio

106

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH INSULAR POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. (a) The...

2013-04-01

107

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH INSULAR POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. (a) The...

2011-04-01

108

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH INSULAR POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. (a) The...

2012-04-01

109

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH INSULAR POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. (a) The...

2010-04-01

110

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH INSULAR POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. (a) The...

2014-04-01

111

Notewothy Chemsitry and Patent Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This American Chemical Society website helps users stay up to date on the latest chemistry research articles and patents. Each week, Noteworthy reliable summaries of the latest and most exciting publications in the chemistry-related journals. The Patent Watch helps users understand the importance of new drugs and other chemical innovations to our society. Visitors can find archives of both of these reports since 2002. While the website does not provide copies of the articles because of copyright regulations, the authors do provide references so that users can easily consult the literature.

112

Antibodies to watch in 2015.  

PubMed

The commercial pipeline of recombinant antibody therapeutics is robust and dynamic. As of early December 2014, a total of 6 such products (vedolizumab, siltuximab, ramucirumab, pembrolizumab, nivolumab, blinatumomab) were granted first marketing approvals in 2014. As discussed in this perspective on antibodies in late-stage development, the outlook for additional approvals, potentially still in 2014 and certainly in 2015, is excellent as marketing applications for 7 antibody therapeutics (secukinumab, evolocumab, mepolizumab, dinutuximab, nivolumab, blinatumomab, necitumumab) are undergoing a first regulatory review in the EU or US. Of the 39 novel mAbs currently in Phase 3 studies, a marketing application for one (alirocumab) may be submitted in late 2014, and marketing application submissions for at least 4 (reslizumab, ixekizumab, ocrelizumab, obiltoxaximab) are expected in 2015. Other 'antibodies to watch' are those in Phase 3 studies with estimated primary completion dates in late 2014 or 2015, which includes 13 for non-cancer indications (brodalumab, bimagrumab, bococizumab, MABp1, gevokizumab, dupilumab, sirukumab, sarilumab, tildrakizumab, guselkumab, epratuzumab, combination of actoxumab + bezlotoxumab, romosozumab) and 2 (racotumomab and clivatuzumab tetraxetan) undergoing evaluation as treatments for cancer. In addition to the novel antibody therapeutics mentioned, biosimilar infliximab and biosimilar trastuzumab are 'antibodies to watch' in 2015 because of their potential for entry into the US market and regulatory review, respectively. PMID:25484055

Reichert, Janice M

2015-01-01

113

46 CFR 78.30-5 - Pilothouse watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pilothouse watch. 78.30-5 Section 78.30-5 ...VESSELS OPERATIONS Lookouts, Pilothouse Watch, Patrolmen, and Watchmen § 78.30-5 Pilothouse watch. (a) In addition to the...

2010-10-01

114

46 CFR 15.1109 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watches. 15.1109 Section 15.1109 Shipping COAST GUARD...REQUIREMENTS Vessels Subject to Requirements of STCW § 15.1109 Watches. Each master of a vessel that operates beyond the...

2010-10-01

115

International safeguards applications for the WATCH system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) System, which was described in a previous INMM paper, was initially developed for domestic security use, within vaults or storage areas containing many discrete items. The system is composed of remote transmitters and a central receiver. With some modifications the WATCH System could be used in a variety of International Safeguards applications.

D. D. Drayer; C. Sonnier; K. Ystesund

1988-01-01

116

CoastWatch Data in Google Earth  

E-print Network

CoastWatch Data in Google Earth: A How-to Guide Peter Hollemans, Terrenus Earth Sciences Consultant for NOAA/NESDIS CoastWatch Operations Managers Meeting, June, 2007 #12;Peter Hollemans, Terrenus Earth Sciences Consultant for NOAA/NESDISJune, 2007 Talk Outline · About Google Earth · Preparing Data

117

29 CFR 1915.504 - Fire watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...fire watches. The employer must post a fire watch if during hot work any of the following conditions are present: (1) Slag, weld splatter, or sparks might pass through an opening and cause a fire; (2) Fire-resistant guards or curtains...

2010-07-01

118

Uranium Watch REGULATORY CONFUSION: FEDERALAND STATE  

E-print Network

Uranium Watch Report REGULATORY CONFUSION: FEDERALAND STATE ENFORCEMENT OF 40 C.F.R. PART 61 SUBPART W INTRODUCTION 1. This Uranium Watch Report, Regulatory Confusion: Federal and State Enforcement at the White Mesa Uranium Mill, San Juan County, Utah. 2. The DAQ, a Division of the Utah Department

119

SEA TURTLES Guidelines for watching turtles  

E-print Network

SEA TURTLES Guidelines for watching turtles At night on the beach please follow the following code, turtle watching is best on a full moon. Walk the beach looking for turtle tracks, these will be about 1 metre wide. Follow the tracks carefully and quietly to locate the turtle. Avoid approaching turtles

Exeter, University of

120

Watching Together: Integrating Conversation with Video  

E-print Network

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video-watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this paper, we empirically examine the activity of chatting while watching video online. We examine how groups of friends and strangers interact, and find that chat has a positive influence on social relationships, and people chat despite being distracted. We discuss the benefits and opportunities provided by mixing chat and video, uncover some of the attentional and social challenges inherent in this combination of media, and provide guidance for structuring the video-watching experience.

Justin D. Weisz; Sara Kiesler; Hui Zhang; Yuqing Ren; Robert E. Kraut; Joseph A. Konstan

121

76 FR 62760 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; LVMH Watch and Jewelry U.S.A., Inc.; (Watches, Jewelry...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; LVMH Watch and Jewelry U.S.A., Inc.; (Watches, Jewelry Products and Leather Goods) Springfield...warehouse and distribution facility of LVMH Watch and Jewelry U.S.A., Inc., located...

2011-10-11

122

FIRST teams watch the competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FIRST teams watch robots in action during the FIRST competition. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

123

Watching the Moon from Tenerife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Where does the Sun go at night?" or "Why don't the Australians fall off?" are typical of the innocent questions that children ask. A new "Earth and Beyond" primary science learning programme from the University of Bradford is piloting some exciting ways to engage children with these questions and providing opportunities for them to find answers…

Baruch, John; Machell, James; Norris, Kath

2005-01-01

124

Development of a new concept diver's watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 'Scuba Master' diver's watch represents a new concept. It was developed and announced in 1990. This watch automatically displays information necessary for safe scuba diving and records diving data. The watch was well accepted by divers all over the world. Safe diving techniques were investigated. This led to the need for developing a highly accurate, highly reliable depth measurement system. The functions and features of 'Scuba Masters' are described. The way to make the depth measurement system highly accurate and highly reliable is explained.

Tsunoda, Takeo; Aizawa, Hitomi

125

Antibodies to watch in 2014  

PubMed Central

Since 2010, mAbs has documented the biopharmaceutical industry’s progress in transitioning antibody therapeutics to first Phase 3 clinical studies and regulatory review, and its success at gaining first marketing approvals for antibody-based products. This installment of the “Antibodies to watch” series outlines events anticipated to occur between December 2013 and the end of 2014, including first regulatory actions on marketing applications for vedolizumab, siltuximab, and ramucirumab, as well as the Fc fusion proteins Factor IX-Fc and Factor VIII-Fc; and the submission of first marketing applications for up to five therapeutics (secukinumab, ch14.18, onartuzumab, necitumumab, gevokizumab). Antibody therapeutics in Phase 3 studies are described, with an emphasis on those with study completion dates in 2014, including antibodies targeting interleukin-17a or the interleukin-17a receptor (secukinumab, ixekizumab, brodalumab), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (alirocumab, evolocumab, bococizumab), and programmed death 1 receptor (lambrolizumab, nivolumab). Five antibodies with US Food and Drug Administration’s Breakthrough Therapy designation (obinutuzumab, ofatumumab, lambrolizumab, bimagrumab, daratumumab) are also discussed. PMID:24284914

Reichert, Janice M

2014-01-01

126

National Weather Service: Watch, Warning, Advisory Display  

MedlinePLUS

... Fire Wx Outlooks RSS Feeds E-Mail Alerts Weather Information Storm Reports Exp. Storm Reports NWS Hazards ... Watch/Warning Map National RADAR Product Archive NOAA Weather Radio Research Non-op. Products Forecast Tools Svr. ...

127

Watching together: integrating text chat with video  

E-print Network

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this paper, we empirically examine the activity of chatting while watching video online. We examine how groups of friends and strangers interact, and find that chat has a positive influence on social relationships, and people chat despite being distracted. We discuss the benefits and opportunities provided by mixing chat and video, uncover some of the attentional and social challenges inherent in this combination of media, and provide guidance for structuring the viewing experience. Author Keywords Video, interactive television, social TV, chat, strangers,

Justin D. Weisz; Sara Kiesler; Hui Zhang; Yuqing Ren; Robert E. Kraut; Joseph A. Konstan

2007-01-01

128

Watching Together: Integrating Text Chat with Video  

E-print Network

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this paper, we empirically examine the activity of chatting while watching video online. We examine how groups of friends and strangers interact, and find that chat has a positive influence on social relationships, and people chat despite being distracted. We discuss the benefits and opportunities provided by mixing chat and video, uncover some of the attentional and social challenges inherent in this combination of media, and provide guidance for structuring the viewing experience. Author Keywords Video, interactive television, social TV, chat, strangers,

unknown authors

129

Human Rights Watch: Limits of Tolerance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch has recently posted a new report. "Limits of Tolerance: Freedom of Expression and the Public Debate in Chile," examines the extreme restrictions on freedom of speech and freedom of information in the ostensibly democratic nation of Chile.

130

Human Rights Watch: Chemical Warfare in Bosnia?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch has recently posted a new report. "Chemical Warfare in Bosnia? The Strange Experiences of the Srebrenica Survivors," investigates whether or not Serb forces used chemical agents in an attack against people fleeing Srebrenica in Bosnia and Hercegovina.

131

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...certificate of inspection take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject...

2013-10-01

132

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...certificate of inspection take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject...

2010-10-01

133

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...manning document take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject to...

2014-10-01

134

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...certificate of inspection take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject...

2012-10-01

135

46 CFR 15.705 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...certificate of inspection take into consideration routine maintenance requirements and ability of the crew to perform all operational evolutions, including emergencies, as well as those functions which may be assigned to persons in watches. (b) Subject...

2011-10-01

136

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Music  

E-print Network

School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Music Programme code PSMUSC Type of study in music, in performance, contemporary composition, journalism, librarianship, arts administration

Weyde, Tillman

137

Video face recognition against a watch list  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to a large increase in the video surveillance data recently in an effort to maintain high security at public places, we need more robust systems to analyze this data and make tasks like face recognition a realistic possibility in challenging environments. In this paper we explore a watch-list scenario where we use an appearance based model to classify query faces from low resolution videos into either a watch-list or a non-watch-list face. We then use our simple yet a powerful face recognition system to recognize the faces classified as watch-list faces. Where the watch-list includes those people that we are interested in recognizing. Our system uses simple feature machine algorithms from our previous work to match video faces against still images. To test our approach, we match video faces against a large database of still images obtained from a previous work in the field from Yahoo News over a period of time. We do this matching in an efficient manner to come up with a faster and nearly real-time system. This system can be incorporated into a larger surveillance system equipped with advanced algorithms involving anomalous event detection and activity recognition. This is a step towards more secure and robust surveillance systems and efficient video data analysis.

Abbas, Jehanzeb; Dagli, Charlie K.; Huang, Thomas S.

2007-10-01

138

World Report 2010: Human Rights Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch is an organization whose goal is the following: "focusing international attention where human rights are violated, we give voice to the oppressed and hold oppressors accountable for their crimes." Every year over the past twenty years Human Rights Watch has published their World Report, which is an evaluation of more than 90 countries' human rights conditions. The staff of Human Rights Watch works closely with the human rights activists in each country, so as to get an accurate picture. The interactive map on the lower half of the homepage allows visitors to scroll over the map, which will highlight a country, and a dialogue box will open to reveal the country highlighted, and a link to read the chapter from the current World Report, reports from the prior year, and a multimedia feature on the selected country. As a note, only the blue colored countries have had human rights data collected on their human rights condition.

139

Human Rights Watch World Report 2002  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch has just released its twelfth annual review of human rights practices around the globe in the 2002 Human Rights Watch World Report. This report addresses developments in sixty-six countries, covering the period from November 2000 through November 2001. Most of the chapters examine significant human rights developments in a particular country, the response of global actors (such as the European Union, Japan, the United States, the United Nations, and various regional organizations), and the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work. Other chapters address important thematic concerns.

140

International safeguards applications for the WATCH system  

SciTech Connect

The Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) System, which was described in a previous INMM paper, was initially developed for domestic security use, within vaults or storage areas containing many discrete items. The system is composed of remote transmitters and a central receiver. With some modifications the WATCH System could be used in a variety of International Safeguards applications. This paper describes the potential applications and what changes would be required, including enclosure of the transmitters within a tamper resistant container, one-way authentication of the transmitted messages, and improved data presentation.

Drayer, D.D.; Sonnier, C.; Ystesund, K.

1988-01-01

141

GOES Weather Satellite Watches The Sun - Duration: 4:47.  

NASA Video Gallery

NASA satellites such as STEREO, SOHO, and SDO are dedicated to studying the sun. GOES is a weather satellite but also watches the sun constantly. Watch this video and learn why space weather data i...

142

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name MSc Health Policy  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name MSc Health Policy Award MSc School Health Sciences Department or equivalent Health Services Research and Management PROGRAMME SUMMARY Advances in health technologies, rising consumer expectations, increasing longevity

Weyde, Tillman

143

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Social Research Methods  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Social Research Methods Award MSc School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Department PROGRAMME SUMMARY Social Research Methods at City University draws on the expertise available within

Weyde, Tillman

144

Whale Watching in the Gulf of Maine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of teaching strategies to prepare a class for a whale watching field trip. Guidelines for recording a sighting, pictures and statistics for commonly and/or occasionally seen whales, and hints for avoiding sea sickness are included. (DH)

Carkin, Clayton A.

1985-01-01

145

Whale Watching: 1. BE CAUTIOUS and COURTEOUS  

E-print Network

Whale Watching: 1. BE CAUTIOUS and COURTEOUS: approach areas of known or suspected marine mammal DOWN: reduce speed to less than 7 knots when within 400 metres/yards of the nearest whale. Avoid abrupt course changes. 3. AVOID approaching closer than 100 metres/yards to any whale. 4. If your vessel

Acevedo, Alejandro

146

Should I Let My Child Watch Television?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the prevalence of autism has been increasing globally, there is a search for the causative factors behind the rise. The point of view presented here examines the possibility of children brought up in social deprivation and watching television being at higher risk for developing autistic symptoms. The association is evident in the clinical…

Bharadwaj, Balaji

2013-01-01

147

Scope on the Skies: Bird watching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In addition to offering great opportunities for planet viewing, this summer is also a god time for observing Earth-orbiting satellites, or "bird-watching." There are several thousand satellites (not counting our Moon) in orbit around our planet. However,

Bob Riddle

2010-07-01

148

Student Motives for Watching Soap Operas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of 301 undergraduates which was designed to determine their motives for watching soap operas. Responses to a questionnaire were analyzed to determine perceived gratifications and consequences of viewing. Convergence of motives was studied, and the diversity of motives and resultant implications for subgroup analyses were also…

Babrow, Austin S.

1987-01-01

149

The physics of clocks and watches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mode of operation of the component mechanisms of clocks and watches is reviewed, and the errors in timekeeping which they introduce discussed together with the steps which are taken to rectify them. A review of mechanical clocks includes a consideration of the pendulum and circular, temperature, barometric and escapement errors. Specific escapements are discussed.Spring, temperature and escapement errors in

J F W Bishop

1955-01-01

150

10 Trends to Watch in Campus Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university presidents are increasingly called upon to make informed choices about technology. The rapidly shifting landscape makes it tough to keep up with change and innovation, let alone stay ahead of the curve. In this article, the authors discuss 10 trends to watch in campus technology. These trends are the following: (1) increased…

Martin, James; Samels, James E.

2007-01-01

151

47 CFR 80.303 - Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). 80...STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Coast Station Safety Watches § 80.303 Watch on 156.800...

2010-10-01

152

46 CFR 131.980 - Lookouts and watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Lookouts and watches. 131.980 Section 131.980 Shipping...Miscellaneous § 131.980 Lookouts and watches. Nothing in this part exonerates any master or officer of the watch from the consequences of any...

2010-10-01

153

47 CFR 80.882 - 2182 kHz watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false 2182 kHz watch. 80.882 Section 80.882 Telecommunication...Subject to Subpart W § 80.882 2182 kHz watch. Ships subject to this subpart must maintain a watch on the frequency 2182 kHz pursuant to §...

2010-10-01

154

Sun Watching Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock  

E-print Network

29 Sun Watching Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock A major factor;31 Sun Watching Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock 6. Before going outside to use the Sun Clocks, check the time on a clock or watch. If it is daylight saving time (depending on your locale, between the first

Maxwell, Bruce D.

155

It's About Time:Mark Twain's ``My Watch'' and Relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over three decades before Einstein's year of miracles, the American humorist Mark Twain published an essay titled ``My Watch,''1 in which he recounts his experiences with a previously reliable pocket watch and those who tried to rehabilitate it. He begins his essay by confessing his first error: My beautiful new watch had run eighteen months without losing or gaining, and

Hugh Henderson

2005-01-01

156

'Forest Watch' A Partners and Community Crime Prevention  

E-print Network

and anti-social behaviour in the forests of South Wales and to increase the amount of information regarding01/06/07 'Forest Watch' A Partners and Community Crime Prevention Initiative What is 'Forest Watch'? · 'Forest Watch' is a Partners and Community Crime Prevention Initiative to reduce the amount of crime

157

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Research Methods and Psychology  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Research Methods PROGRAMME SUMMARY The programme provides training in social science research methods including philosophical in a flexible manner across both years. The programme draws on the existing MSc in Social Research Methods which

Weyde, Tillman

158

StopWatch: A Module for Portable Measurement of Execution Time  

E-print Network

clocks. StopWatch is used by instrumenting your code with subroutine calls that mimic the operation of watch groups to allow functions to operate on multiple watches simultaneously. The terms watch and clock. Each watch contains four clocks: wall, CPU, user and system. Within each watch the user can select

Mitchell, William F.

159

NISTIR 5971 StopWatch User's Guide Version 1.0  

E-print Network

, and the precision of those clocks. StopWatch is used by instrumenting your code with subroutine calls that mimic Quick Start 4 3 Obtaining and Compiling StopWatch 5 4 Using StopWatch 7 4.1 Watches, Clocks and WatchNISTIR 5971 StopWatch User's Guide Version 1.0 William F. Mitchell U. S. Department of Commerce

Mitchell, William F.

160

PFISTER et al.: LARGE-SCALE LEARNING OF SIGN LANGUAGE BY WATCHING TV 1 Large-scale Learning of Sign Language by  

E-print Network

PFISTER et al.: LARGE-SCALE LEARNING OF SIGN LANGUAGE BY WATCHING TV 1 Large-scale Learning of Sign is to automatically learn a large number of signs from sign language-interpreted TV broadcasts. We achieve five hours of sign language-interpreted TV programmes are broadcast every day by the BBC. This data

Magee, Derek

161

1 Programme Title Programme Title  

E-print Network

1 1 Programme Title Programme Title: International Diploma in Business Management, Accounting, which is appropriately paced and supported, with a generous allocation of teaching time (on average 22 and third years of undergraduate study. A broad range of learning & teaching methods is used, including

Mumby, Peter J.

162

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Economics  

E-print Network

of the full-time degree programme. Each part consists of study units or modules to a credit value of 120 is an extremely popular field of study and covers the broad areas of production, distribution, and consumption concepts and theories and provides you with an opportunity to study more specialised subject areas as you

Weyde, Tillman

163

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Economics  

E-print Network

of the full-time degree programme. Each part consists of study units or modules to a credit value of 120 of transferable skills that will be of value in employment and self-employment 7) To provide students is an extremely popular field of study and covers the broad areas of production, distribution, and consumption

Weyde, Tillman

164

Astronaut Pedro Duque Watches A Water Bubble  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aboard the International Space Station (ISS), European Space Agency astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain watches a water bubble float between a camera and himself. The bubble shows his reflection (reversed). Duque was launched aboard a Russian Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on October 18th, along with expedition-8 crew members Michael C. Foale, Mission Commander and NASA ISS Science Officer, and Cosmonaut Alexander Y. Kaleri, Soyuz Commander and flight engineer.

2003-01-01

165

Monarch Watch: Planting a Butterfly Garden  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Planting a Butterfly Garden website from Monarch Watch is a great introductory resource for teachers interested in starting an educational butterfly garden at their school. This site provides several useful information pages including Good Nectar Sources and lists of Larval Host Plants organized both by butterfly and by plant. The site also features a simple step-by-step teacher's guide written by a teacher from Maryland who planned and planted a butterfly garden at her middle school.

166

Quartz analog watch with perpetual calendar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Caliber ETA 252.411 with perpetual calendar, which is similar in dimensions and display to classic quartz watch movements, is described. The main characteristics are: the date display in the window is always correct (until 28 Feb. 2100); the change of time zones is operated without losing minute and second by means of a date correction at each midnight passage; and the use of nonvolatile memories for information concerning the perpetual calendar allows an easy time resetting after change of battery.

Favre, Eric; Schmidli, Pierre; Erni, Bruno

167

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Medical Ultrasound  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Medical Ultrasound credits 180 Total ECTS 90 PROGRAMME SUMMARY The part-time, day release, medical ultrasound programme enables a flexible approach to ultrasound education, providing exit routes at PgCert, PgDip and MSc

Weyde, Tillman

168

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Politics  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name International Politics Politics Programme code PSINPO Type of study Full Time / Part Time Total UK credits 180 Total ECTS 90 PROGRAMME SUMMARY At the heart of contemporary international politics are new challenges to enduring

Weyde, Tillman

169

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Counselling Psychology  

E-print Network

their professional practice. Students undertake four taught modules that explore the relationship between counselling and psychology. Experimental learning and skills practice are central to this course. These modules1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Counselling Psychology

Weyde, Tillman

170

Reliability control for wrist watches and their casements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reliability tests developed for controlling wrist watch movements and their casements are summarized. For controlling the watch movements, ageing accelerated tests and impact tests were performed. Testing the performance of a wrist watch casement is of great importance: since it is this which is initially attacked by the environment. The casement is submitted to impact, fatigue, vibration, and corrosion tests. The waterproof capabilities and ageing behavior of the casements are examined.

Schneider, Jean-Claude

171

Programmable Pacemaker  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

St. Jude Medical's Cardiac Rhythm Management Division, formerly known as Pacesetter Systems, Inc., incorporated Apollo technology into the development of the programmable pacemaker system. This consists of the implantable pacemaker together with a physician's console containing the programmer and a data printer. Physician can communicate with patient's pacemaker by means of wireless telemetry signals transmitted through the communicating head held over the patient's chest. Where earlier pacemakers deliver a fixed type of stimulus once implanted, Programalith enables surgery free "fine tuning" of device to best suit the patient's changing needs.

1980-01-01

172

Boreal Forest Watch: A BOREAS Outreach Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Boreal Forest Watch program was initiated in the fall of 1994 to act as an educational outreach program for the BOREAS project in both the BOREAS Southern Study Area (SSA) and Northern Study Area (NSA). Boreal Forest Watch (13FW) was designed to introduce area high school teachers and their students to the types of research activities occurring as part of the BOREAS study of Canadian boreal forests. Several teacher training workshops were offered to teachers from central and northern Saskatchewan and northern Manitoba between May, 1995 and February, 1999; teachers were introduced to techniques for involving their students in on-going environmental monitoring studies within local forested stands. Boreal Forest Watch is an educational outreach program which brings high school students and research scientists together to study the forest and foster a sustainable relationship between people and the planetary life-support system we depend upon. Personnel from the University of New Hampshire (UNH), Complex Systems Research Center (CSRC), with the cooperation from the Prince Albert National Park (PANP), instituted this program to help teachers within the BOREAS Study Areas offer real science research experience to their students. The program has the potential to complement large research projects, such as BOREAS, by providing useful student- collected data to scientists. Yet, the primary goal of BFW is to allow teachers and students to experience a hands-on, inquiry-based approach to leaming science - emulating the process followed by research scientists. In addition to introducing these teachers to on-going BOREAS research, the other goals of the BFW program were to: 1) to introduce authentic science topics and methods to students and teachers through hands-on, field-based activities; and, 2) to build a database of student-collected environmental monitoring data for future global change studies in the boreal region.

Rock, Barrett N.

1999-01-01

173

Australian Weather Watch Radar Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology's Weather Watch Radar website provides up-to-date radar images of the locations of rain in Australia in relation to local features such as coast lines. The newly developed Loops provide four consecutive radar images so that users can view how the weather has been changing in the last forty to fifty minutes. The website provides radar images of past cyclone events as well as updates on severe weather throughout Australia. Those interested in radar systems can discover how the weather radars work and how to interpret the maps. [RME

174

International Halley Watch: Discipline specialists for astronomy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Astrometry Network of the International Halley Watch (IHW) has organized and coordinated more than 300 astrometric observers from 47 countries in an effort to provide for accurate positional information on comets Halley and Giacobini-Zinner. This information is being used to constantly update the existing orbits and ephemerides for the various flight projects to these two comets and also for the other ground-based observers within the IHW organization. The astrometric data, as well as the resultant orbits and ephemerides, are being distributed to all requesting observers and they will be cataloged within the general IHW archive system.

Yeomans, D. K.; West, R.; Harrington, R.; Marsden, B.

1986-01-01

175

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme name Health Services Research  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION KEY FACTS Programme name Health Services Research Award Masters in Science (MSc) School Health Sciences Department or equivalent Health Services Research and Management Programme What is Health Services Research? Health Services Research is an interdisciplinary field of scientific

Weyde, Tillman

176

The Weight-Watch Program for Subdwarfs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mass-luminosity relation {MLR} is one of the most important map in stellar astronomy. The empirical MLR for dwarfs has been done for many years, but we do not even have enough low metallicity stars, the counterpart of dwarfs, for their MLR. This project of "Weight-Watch Program for Subdwarfs" is to establish such empirical MLR for low metallicity stars. We propose to use HST/FGS1r to finish mapping the visual orbit of one important benchmark low metallicity binary, G006-026. We resolved this double-lined spectroscopic binary in our Cycle 15 HST/FGS program. By combining the SB2 data and our single-epoch HST/FGS1r result, we have estimated their masses and visual orbit, but with errors in excess of 10%. By combining that effort with four additional orbits proposed in Cycle 19, we will reduce the mass errors to 5% {or less} and finish this star's "Weight-Watch program".

Jao, Wei-Chun

2011-10-01

177

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Global Political Economy  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Global Political Economy programme in Global Political Economy at City University, you will engage in advanced study of various MA degree in global political economy with a mixture of core courses covering general concepts

Weyde, Tillman

178

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Air Transport Management  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Air Transport Management delivery PROGRAMME SUMMARY MSc Air Transport Management is for those of you who are experienced aviation technical, operational and financial pressures impacting on flight operations. The MSc in Air Transport

Weyde, Tillman

179

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Maritime Law in Greece  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Maritime Law in Greece in Maritime Law in Greece is a Masters programme that enables you to develop a full understanding of maritime Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent City Law School - Academic Courses

Weyde, Tillman

180

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name MSc Health Informatics  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name MSc Health Informatics Award MSc School School of Informatics Department or equivalent Centre for Health Informatics Programme of the fundamental principles of the areas of health Informatics and cognate subjects contained within the chosen

Weyde, Tillman

181

76 FR 22120 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR- 5511-N-01] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-04-20

182

77 FR 38817 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5644-N-02] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2012-06-29

183

76 FR 4364 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5411-N-08] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-01-25

184

76 FR 38407 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5511-N-04] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-06-30

185

76 FR 53148 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5511-N-05] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-08-25

186

76 FR 66035 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Application for Insular Watch and Jewelry...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Comment Request; Application for Insular Watch and Jewelry Program Benefits AGENCY: International...Departments) to administer the distribution of watch duty-exemptions and watch and jewelry duty-refunds to program producers...

2011-10-25

187

76 FR 22119 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5511-N-02] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-04-20

188

75 FR 67388 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5411-N-06] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2010-11-02

189

77 FR 38818 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5644-N-01] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2012-06-29

190

77 FR 9622 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Applications for Watch Duty-Exemption and 7113...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Comment Request; Applications for Watch Duty-Exemption and 7113 Jewelry Duty-Refund Program...Law 108-429, to administer the distribution of watch duty- exemptions and watch and jewelry duty-refunds to program producers...

2012-02-17

191

76 FR 38406 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5511-N-03] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-06-30

192

Gender Roles and Night-Sky Watching among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the relationship between gender roles and night-sky watching in a sample of college students (N=161). The Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Noctcaelador Inventory (NI) were used to investigate the differences between gender role groups for night-sky watching. The results supported the hypothesis that androgynous…

Kelly, William E.; McGee, Catherine M.

2012-01-01

193

Frequency of College Students' Night-Sky Watching Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N = 112) completed the Noctcaelador Inventory, a measure of psychological attachment to the night-sky, and estimated various night-sky watching related activities: frequency and duration of night-sky watching, astro-tourism, ownership of night-sky viewing equipment, and attendance of observatories or planetariums. The results…

Kelly, William E.; Kelly, Kathryn E.; Batey, Jason

2006-01-01

194

33 CFR 157.168 - Crew member: Main deck watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Crew member: Main deck watch. 157.168 Section 157.168 Navigation and Navigable...Vessels Cow Operations § 157.168 Crew member: Main deck watch. During COW operations, the master shall ensure that at...

2010-07-01

195

CoastWatch Software Library and Utilities User's Guide  

E-print Network

CoastWatch Software Library and Utilities User's Guide Version 3.3.0 Revised October 22, 2013, AND INFORMATION SERVICE COASTWATCH PROGRAM #12;i Copyright Notice CoastWatch Software Library and Utilities this software and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above

196

Volcano watch Monitoring risk on Auckland's volcanic field  

E-print Network

Volcano watch Monitoring risk on Auckland's volcanic field Lest we forget Our Memory Lab@auckland.ac.nz Volcano watchThe recent eruptions at Mt Tongariro and White Island are a timely reminder for Auckland (pictured with Lucy McGee, who has recently completed her doctorate) is dating the city's 50 volcanoes

Auckland, University of

197

Solenoid permits remote control of stop watch and assures restarting  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Stop watch which may be remotely controlled by the use of a solenoid mechanism is described. When the solenoid is energized, the coil spring pulls the lever arm and starts the balance wheel. When it is not energized, the spring pulls the lever and stops the watch.

Kodai, C.

1964-01-01

198

What Children Talk About While They Watch Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored what children talk about when they watch television as a means of learning more about how and why children verbally encode information. Preschool and third-grade children watched four animated television programs that varied in amount of dialog (one high-dialog, two moderate, and one no-dialog). Their comments while viewing…

Rice, Mabel

199

Binge-Watching TV May Be Sign of Depression, Loneliness  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Binge-Watching TV May Be Sign of Depression, Loneliness Researchers say hours and hours of viewing ... Preidt Thursday, January 29, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page Depression THURSDAY, Jan. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Binge-watching ...

200

NOAA Coral Reef Watch Calcification Index of Coral Reef Ecosystems  

E-print Network

in the management, study and assessment of impacts of environmental change on coral reef ecosystems. #12;ValueNOAA Coral Reef Watch Calcification Index of Coral Reef Ecosystems NOAANOAA''ss Coral Reef Watch:Coral) NOAA/NESDIS/STAR/SO and Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) NOAA Coral Matrix Silver Spring

Kuligowski, Bob

201

47 CFR 80.310 - Watch required by voluntary vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz...Voluntary vessels equipped with VHF-DSC equipment must maintain a watch on 2182...Voluntary vessels equipped with MF-HF DSC equipment must have the radio turned...

2010-10-01

202

BRIEF COMMUNICATION ``Turtle watching'' conservation guidelines: green turtle  

E-print Network

BRIEF COMMUNICATION ``Turtle watching'' conservation guidelines: green turtle (Chelonia mydas.V. 2009 Abstract We propose a conservational opportunity for humans to `use' the green turtle (Chelonia, as applied to the sustainability of tourism-dependent turtle watching, has focused on beach-nesting habitats

Taggart, Christopher

203

A SERVICE TO THE VICTORIAN COMMUNITY What is Flood Watch?  

E-print Network

to 36 hours in advance of any likely flooding and issue updates as required. If at any time duringA SERVICE TO THE VICTORIAN COMMUNITY What is Flood Watch? Flood Watch is a service provided by the Bureau of Meteorology to notify the Victorian community of the potential flood threat from a developing

Greenslade, Diana

204

Still Watching, from the Edge of Extinction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, human behavior drives many extinctions and preserves some species. To help understand such behavior, we published a book in 1999 that viewed selected endangered species through the eyes of those who have watched them decline and, in some cases, vanish from the wild. Here we revisit those stories to document what has happened in the interim 10 years, a period that is very short in evolutionary time but that has proven decisive for some endangered species. One species is now extinct in the wild; others have been devastated or scattered; several are on â??life support.â? Some things have not changed: Too many people consume too much, and disagreements among conservationists still impede progress. Some issues have become more prominent, such as emerging diseases and global economic crises. Although there have been some striking successes, it is very clear that more species now depend on human support for their survival than may be sustainable.

Beverly Peterson Stearns (freelance writer; )

2010-02-01

205

Monterey Bay Aquarium: Seafood Watch Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As an old saying goes, "There are only so many fish in the sea", and this is a saying that is becoming more and more true each year. With that in mind, the Monterey Bay Aquarium has developed the Seafood Watch site to help people make informed decisions about purchasing different types of seafood. The site contains sections such as "Which Seafood To Buy & Why" and "What You Can Do". In the "Which Seafood to Buy & Why" section, visitors can take a look at some regional seafood guides and also learn which types of seafood are most endangered. Visitors can also order free copies of these guides online and also sign up to receive their free newsletter.

206

Microcomputer keeps watch at Emerald Mine  

SciTech Connect

Where there's smoke, there's fire. Take the old adage a step further: ''Where there's carbon monoxide, there's likely to be a fire.'' That's the principle behind the mine monitoring system being used at the Emerald Mine operated by Emway Resources. Instead of watching for smoke or temperature rises, the system uses carbon monoxide (CO) sensors to detect fires - before they break out. CO, a gaseous product of incomplete combustion, is present in the early stages of a fire. Carried by the mine ventilation air, CO can be quickly traced by electrochemical gas sensors that are wired to a central computer. When preset levels are reached, alarms can alert mine personnel of the trouble. The Emerald Mine is located in southwestern Pennsylvania, near Waynesburg, and mines the Pittsburgh Seam, the nation's most heavily mined seam. Emerald is one of a number of progressive mines that are turning to computers to improve safety and productivity.

Not Available

1987-04-01

207

Human Rights Watch World Report 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch issued their annual world report last week, summarizing the state of human rights in 66 countries around the globe. Written with the clarity and detail that marked previous annual issues, this year's report is distinguished by its note of guarded optimism. The report cites two main trends as evidence of a partial dismantling of national sovereignty as an impenetrable defense for human rights violators: international courts are increasingly attempting to bring sovereign leaders to justice and nations are more willing to act in concert against a single nation to oppose human rights violations. Separate sections of the report address special topics, such as academic freedom, child soldiers, the international campaign to ban landmines, and lesbian and gay rights.

Human Rights Watch (Organization).

208

Human Rights Watch: Reports on China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch/Asia offers a number of reports and press releases on human rights abuses in China and Tibet. The State Visit of Chinese President Jiang Zemin last week represented a thaw in official Sino-US Relations, which have been somewhat chilly since Tiananmen in 1989. Despite reaching agreements on a broad range of security, economic, environmental and law-enforcement issues, the two Presidents were clearly far apart on the issue of human rights. While President Clinton made mention of the right to political and religious expression, President Jiang expressed the need for political and social stability in his country. On the whole, both leaders have achieved their goals. President Clinton has secured China's cooperation on several issues, most importantly arms control and trade, while the state dinner and formal ceremony recognized China's role as a key player in the world economy and Jiang's international position as its head of state.

Human Rights Watch (Organization).

1998-01-01

209

Whitney Museum of American Art: Watch & Listen  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As 2010, the Whitney Biennial, approaches, the museum has mounted Watch & Listen, a collection of both current and archival online audio and video. There is a wide selection of material to browse, including previews of 2010, such as Ari Marcopoulos: FIFA 10- a movie showing one of the 2010 curators, Gary Carrion-Murayari, visiting Marcopoulos at home, where they play FIFA 10, while ambient noise plays in the background. Other materials include a video of artist Aki Sasamoto talking about the ways in which Japanese fishcakes and donuts inspire her art, filmed at a Brooklyn coffee shop, Building on Bond and curators Francesco Bonami and Gary Carrion-Murayari announcing the artist list. Videos not related to the Biennial include interviews with photographer William Eggleston on the opening of his retrospective Democratic Camera, Photographs and Video, 1961-2008, conducted between late 2008 and early 2009; and footage of recent events and performances at the Whitney Museum.

210

Master's programme in Maritime Engineering Programme outline  

E-print Network

Master's programme in Maritime Engineering Programme outline The Nordic Master Programme in Maritime Engineering is a two-year (120 higher education credits) Master Programme at advanced level is structured in two parts: 1. In Year1 focus is on general maritime engineering topics and naval architecture

Haviland, David

211

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention. ...305 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY...305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety...

2011-10-01

212

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention. ...305 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY...305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety...

2013-10-01

213

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention. ...305 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY...305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety...

2012-10-01

214

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention. ...305 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY...305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety...

2010-10-01

215

Global positioning system watches for estimating energy expenditure.  

PubMed

Global positioning system (GPS) watches have been introduced commercially, converting frequent measurements of time, location, speed (pace), and elevation into energy expenditure (EE) estimates. The purpose of this study was to compare EE estimates of 4 different GPS watches (Forerunner, Suunto, Polar, Adeo), at various walking speeds, with EE estimate from a triaxial accelerometer (RT3), which was used as a reference measure in this study. Sixteen healthy young adults completed the study. Participants wore 4 different GPS watches and an RT3 accelerometer and walked at 6-minute intervals on an outdoor track at 3 speeds (3, 5, and 7 km/hr). The statistical significance of differences in EE between the 3 watches was assessed using linear contrasts of the coefficients from the overall model. Reliability across trials for a given device was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients as estimated in the mixed model. The GPS watches demonstrated lower reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient) across trials when compared with the RT3, particularly at the higher speed, 7 km/hr. Three GPS watches (Forerunner, Polar, and Suunto) significantly and consistently underestimated EE compared with the reference EE given by the RT3 accelerometer (average mean difference: Garmin, -50.5%; Polar, -41.7%; and Suunto, -41.7%; all p < 0.001). Results suggested that caution should be exercised when using commercial GPS watches to estimate EE in athletes during field-based testing and training. PMID:23439338

Hongu, Nobuko; Orr, Barron J; Roe, Denise J; Reed, Rebecca G; Going, Scott B

2013-11-01

216

Pre-Learning Low-Frequency Vocabulary in Second Language Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the potential of pre-learning frequently occurring low-frequency vocabulary as a means to increase comprehension of television and incidental vocabulary learning through watching television. Eight television programmes, each representing different television genres, were analysed using the RANGE program to determine the 10…

Webb, Stuart

2010-01-01

217

Vagotonicity of Violence: Biochemical and Cardiac Responses to Violent Films and Television Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a search for a reproducible means of evoking different types of emotional stress it was found that in spite of increased adrenaline secretion slowing of the heart occurred when watching violent television programmes. Further evidence of increased vagal tone was provided by the “sinus arrhythmia” effect, a widening of the gap between the maximum and minimum heart rates during

Malcolm Carruthers; Peter Taggart

1973-01-01

218

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Automotive Engineering  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Automotive Engineering modules followed by a relevant project which will involve current issues in Automotive Engineering-of-the-art aspects in specific areas of Automotive Engineering and closely related Mechanical Engineering subjects

Weyde, Tillman

219

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Library Science  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Library Science Award understanding of the fundamental principles of library science, and how such principles inform the design. Be able to understand the significance of new developments in library science, so as to assess what

Weyde, Tillman

220

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name MSc Psychology (Health)  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name MSc Psychology (Health Health Psychology is a discipline devoted to furthering an understanding of scientific relationships between behavioural principles on the one hand and physical health and illness on the other. It looks

Weyde, Tillman

221

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Food Policy  

E-print Network

assessment. The dissertation module will give you additional choice to conduct work in an area of food policy1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Food Policy Award MSc variety of experience, expertise and professions. This broad vision is deliberate. Food policy sits

Weyde, Tillman

222

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Criminal Litigation  

E-print Network

and practice of criminal litigation and also of the legal rules through which substantive criminal law. The policies, law, practice and procedure that underpin the criminal justice system are constantly in public1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Criminal Litigation

Weyde, Tillman

223

Human Rights Watch World Report 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch issued their annual world report yesterday, summarizing the state of human rights in 70 countries around the globe. Written with the clarity and detail that have marked previous annual issues, this year's report offers both good and bad news. On the positive side, it notes the popular overthrow of the Milosevic regime in Yugoslavia, the conclusion of a treaty barring the use of children as soldiers, and the UN Commission on Human Rights's first formal criticism of a permanent member of the UN Security Council (Russia, for its abuses in Chechnya). On the negative, the report cites the continued failure of the UN Commission to condemn China and the failure of the US to require the Colombian army to sever ties with paramilitaries as a condition for the recent huge military aid package to that country. The report begins with an essay on the global economy and then covers human rights developments by region. Separate sections of the report address special topics such as academic freedom, censorship, access to education, children's rights, and women's human rights. The report is available in both HTML and .rtf (zipped or uncompressed) formats.

224

Y2K Global Status Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Will Y2K be a big yawner or the end of the world as we know it? Either way, users can keep track of worldwide events via this site (provided, of course, they have power and a working phone line). Created by the International Y2K Cooperation Center, the Global Status Watch will serve as a central source for country-specific information on Y2K and infrastructure status. Other governments and the general public can visit the site during the date rollover to view a country summary Webpage which will show the status of all reporting countries and when the information was submitted. The summary page will also offer links to each country's individual report and its national Y2K Webpage. The country summary will be available beginning December 28 and continuing into January as long as needed. A selection of additional Y2K resources is available at the International Y2K Cooperation Center homepage, including surveys, a calender, Y2K coordinator contact information, conference proceedings, and tools and templates.

225

Trial watch: Cardiac glycosides and cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds sharing the ability to operate as potent inhibitors of the plasma membrane Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, hence promoting-via an indirect mechanism-the intracellular accumulation of Ca(2+) ions. In cardiomyocytes, increased intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations exert prominent positive inotropic effects, that is, they increase myocardial contractility. Owing to this feature, two CGs, namely digoxin and digitoxin, have extensively been used in the past for the treatment of several cardiac conditions, including distinct types of arrhythmia as well as contractility disorders. Nowadays, digoxin is approved by the FDA and indicated for the treatment of congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter with rapid ventricular response, whereas the use of digitoxin has been discontinued in several Western countries. Recently, CGs have been suggested to exert potent antineoplastic effects, notably as they appear to increase the immunogenicity of dying cancer cells. In this Trial Watch, we summarize the mechanisms that underpin the unsuspected anticancer potential of CGs and discuss the progress of clinical studies that have evaluated/are evaluating the safety and efficacy of CGs for oncological indications. PMID:23525565

Menger, Laurie; Vacchelli, Erika; Kepp, Oliver; Eggermont, Alexander; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-02-01

226

Watching and Feeling Proteins at Work Rede uitgesproken door  

E-print Network

Watching and Feeling Proteins at Work Rede uitgesproken door Thomas Schmidt Bij de aanvaarding van fascinerend de biowetenschappen zijn ­ tenminste voor mij en ik hoop door deze rede iets van deze betovering

Schmidt, Thomas

227

47 CFR 80.304 - Watch requirement during silence periods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...This watch must be maintained at least twice each hour for 3 minutes commencing at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) using either a loudspeaker or headphone. Except for distress, urgency or safety messages, ship...

2012-10-01

228

47 CFR 80.304 - Watch requirement during silence periods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...This watch must be maintained at least twice each hour for 3 minutes commencing at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) using either a loudspeaker or headphone. Except for distress, urgency or safety messages, ship...

2011-10-01

229

47 CFR 80.304 - Watch requirement during silence periods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...This watch must be maintained at least twice each hour for 3 minutes commencing at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) using either a loudspeaker or headphone. Except for distress, urgency or safety messages, ship...

2013-10-01

230

47 CFR 80.304 - Watch requirement during silence periods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...This watch must be maintained at least twice each hour for 3 minutes commencing at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) using either a loudspeaker or headphone. Except for distress, urgency or safety messages, ship...

2014-10-01

231

47 CFR 80.304 - Watch requirement during silence periods.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...This watch must be maintained at least twice each hour for 3 minutes commencing at x h.00 and x h.30 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) using either a loudspeaker or headphone. Except for distress, urgency or safety messages, ship...

2010-10-01

232

Developing a Student-Scientist Partnership: Boreal Forest Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the functions of the Boreal Forest Watch including the scope, level of student involvement, goals, and nature of the data collection. Details student involvement at the forest site. Contains 18 references. (DDR)

Spencer, Shannon; Huczek, George; Muir, Bradley

1998-01-01

233

Electronic digital display watch having solar and geographical functions  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide easily accessible knowledge of the correlations between time, the geographical locale and the solar positions, the watch in question in addition to time-keeping means capable of displaying the current time also provides means capable of storing, processing in a microprocessor mode and displaying in a particular panel mode data of solar elevation and azimuth as well as date data, a computer performing correlating operations between these various values. Pushbuttons (BPH', BPM', BPB') allow using this watch in various operational and correction situations, and other pushbuttons (BPH, BPM, BPB) allow more specific commands for correction, for search operations regarding date and place based on the solar data, for storage and call from memory of the various processed data. This watch can easily be implemented as a small wrist watch. It will be advantageously used by those interested in knowing the solar positions, by solar facility engineers, architects, airline pilots, believers in the Moslem faith etc.

Salah, I.M.

1984-10-30

234

47 CFR 80.1153 - Station log and radio watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Station log and radio watches. 80.1153 Section 80.1153...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General § 80.1153...

2011-10-01

235

47 CFR 80.1153 - Station log and radio watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Station log and radio watches. 80.1153 Section 80.1153...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General § 80.1153...

2012-10-01

236

47 CFR 80.1153 - Station log and radio watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Station log and radio watches. 80.1153 Section 80.1153...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General § 80.1153...

2010-10-01

237

47 CFR 80.1153 - Station log and radio watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Station log and radio watches. 80.1153 Section 80.1153...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations General § 80.1153...

2013-10-01

238

Watching the clock: Studying variation in rates of molecular evolution  

E-print Network

Watching the clock: Studying variation in rates of molecular evolution between species Robert at different rates in different species. Indeed, contrary to hopes that molecular evolution would be clock

Hohenlohe, Paul A.

239

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2012-07-01

240

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2011-07-01

241

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2014-07-01

242

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2013-07-01

243

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2010-10-01

244

GeoWatch: Online detection of Geo-Correlated Information Trends In Social Networks  

E-print Network

GeoWatch: Online detection of Geo-Correlated Information Trends In Social Networks Ceren Budak, in this paper we pro- pose a new algorithmic tool, GeoWatch, to detect geo-trends. Ge- oWatch is a data streams as the sliding window size can be set to arbi- trary values thus enabling a flexible framework. GeoWatch has the

California at Santa Barbara, University of

245

Coral Reef Watch activities in Australia: An Overview of Collaborators and Collaborations  

E-print Network

? · Coral Reef Watch (CRW) aims to assist in the management, study and assessment of impacts1 Coral Reef Watch activities in Australia: An Overview of Collaborators and Collaborations scott. HeronScott F. Heron NOAA/NESDISNOAA/NESDIS ­­ Coral Reef WatchCoral Reef Watch #12;2 What Does CRW Do

Kuligowski, Bob

246

Setting the Record StraightDo Ad Watches Help or Hurt?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ad watches are a technique that broadcasters use to critique political ads. Research evaluating their effectiveness by Stephen Ansolabehere and Shanto lyengar (1996) found that ad watches actually helped the candidates being criticized. These results may be due to the authors' choice of ad watches, which were more supportive than critical. Ad watches using critical commentary can reframe the targeted

Kathleen Hall Jamieson; Joseph N. Cappella

1997-01-01

247

"Walking and watching" in queer London: Sarah Waters' Tipping The Velvet and The Night Watch.  

PubMed

This article argues that Sarah Waters' representation of London in her historical fictions Tipping the Velvet and The Night Watch is used to delineate the gendered bodies and sexual identities of her characters. A historical summary demonstrates that female masculinity was slowly mapped onto sexual identity between the 1880s and 1940s in Britain. The article argues that Waters' "inventive" use of this history allows her to question the construction of both historical and contemporary identifications. The way that Waters' characters are constricted and liberated by London's urban landscape demonstrates the spatial and temporal contingency of both gender and sexuality. PMID:23855943

Wood, Rachel

2013-01-01

248

Estimating the Impact of Whaling on Global Whale Watching  

E-print Network

1 Estimating the Impact of Whaling on Global Whale Watching by Hsiao-I Kuo, Chi-Chung Chen and Michael McAleer No: 30/2010 #12;2 WORKING PAPER No. 30/2010 Estimating the Impact of Whaling on Global Whale Watching Hsiao-I Kuo1 , Chi-Chung Chen2 and Michael McAleer3 May 24, 2010 Abstract: After

Hickman, Mark

249

A mobile learning system for scaffolding bird watching learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a mobile learning system for scaffolding students learning about bird-watching. The aim is to construct an outdoor mobile-learning activity using up-to-date wireless technology. The proposed Bird-Watching Learning (BWL) system is designed using a wireless mobile ad-hoc network. In the BWL system, each learner has a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) with a Wi-Fi-based (IEEE 802.11b) wireless network card.

Yuh-shyan Chen; Tai-chien Kao; Jay-ping Sheu

2003-01-01

250

Watch Dog detector for beam diagnostic in hadrontherapy application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Watch Dog" is a beam monitor designed for medical accelerators, that will be installed at the end of the CNAO (Centro Nazionale di Adroterapia Oncologica) extraction lines. Its main goal is to achieve a real time monitoring of the beam position during patient treatments; the system can generate an interlock signal in case the measured quantity is out of the nominal range. In this paper the Watch Dog is described, and preliminary tests are presented.

Rojatti, E.; Bazzano, G.; Bosser, J.; Caldara, M.; Calvi, G.; Lanzavecchia, L.; Parravicini, A.; Pullia, M.; Viviani, C.

2013-12-01

251

Master's programme in Aerospace Engineering Programme outline  

E-print Network

Master's programme in Aerospace Engineering Programme outline The structure of the programme aerospace engineers is strong and will remain so for the foreseeable future. Airbus is the main Euro- pean grade is given for a degree and students are not ranked. EMAiL aerospace@kth.se aeronautical engineering

Haviland, David

252

Progress in Heat Watch Warning System Technology.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Among all atmospheric hazards, heat is the most deadly. With such recent notable heat events as the Chicago Heat Wave of 1995, much effort has gone into redeveloping both the methods by which it is determined whether a day will be “oppressive,” as well as the mitigation plans that are implemented when an oppressive day is forecast to occur.This article describes the techniques that have been implemented in the development of new synoptic-based heat watch warning systems. These systems are presently running for over two dozen locations worldwide, including Chicago, Illinois; Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Rome, Italy; and Shanghai, China; with plans for continued expansion. Compared to traditional systems based on arbitrary thresholds of one or two meteorological variables, these new systems account for the local human response by focusing upon the identification of the weather conditions most strongly associated with historical increases in mortality. These systems must be constructed based on the premise that weather conditions associated with increased mortality show considerable variability on a spatial scale. In locales with consistently hot summers, weather/mortality relationships are weaker, and it is only the few hottest days each year that are associated with a response. In more temperate climates, relationships are stronger, and a greater percentage of days can be associated with an increase in mortality.Considering the ease of data transfer via the World-Wide Web, the development of these systems includes Internet file transfers and Web page creation as components. Forecasts of mortality and recommendations to call excessive-heat warnings are available to local meteorological forecasters, local health officials, and other civic authorities, who ultimately determine when warnings are called and when intervention plans are instituted.

Sheridan, Scott C.; Kalkstein, Laurence S.

2004-12-01

253

Trial watch: Oncolytic viruses for cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Oncolytic virotherapy is emerging as a promising approach for the treatment of several neoplasms. The term "oncolytic viruses" is generally employed to indicate naturally occurring or genetically engineered attenuated viral particles that cause the demise of malignant cells while sparing their non-transformed counterparts. From a conceptual standpoint, oncolytic viruses differ from so-called "oncotropic viruses" in that only the former are able to kill cancer cells, even though both display a preferential tropism for malignant tissues. Of note, such a specificity can originate at several different steps of the viral cycle, including the entry of virions (transductional specificity) as well as their intracellular survival and replication (post-transcriptional and transcriptional specificity). During the past two decades, a large array of replication-competent and replication-incompetent oncolytic viruses has been developed and engineered to express gene products that would specifically promote the death of infected (cancer) cells. However, contrarily to long-standing beliefs, the antineoplastic activity of oncolytic viruses is not a mere consequence of the cytopathic effect, i.e., the lethal outcome of an intense, productive viral infection, but rather involves the elicitation of an antitumor immune response. In line with this notion, oncolytic viruses genetically modified to drive the local production of immunostimulatory cytokines exert more robust therapeutic effects than their non-engineered counterparts. Moreover, the efficacy of oncolytic virotherapy is significantly improved by some extent of initial immunosuppression (facilitating viral replication and spread) followed by the administration of immunostimulatory molecules (boosting antitumor immune responses). In this Trial Watch, we will discuss the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating the safety and antineoplastic potential of oncolytic virotherapy. PMID:23894720

Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Galon, Jérôme; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-06-01

254

Trial watch: DNA vaccines for cancer therapy.  

PubMed

The foundation of modern vaccinology dates back to the 1790s, when the English physician Edward Jenner uncovered the tremendous medical potential of prophylactic vaccination. Jenner's work ignited a wave of nationwide vaccination campaigns abating the incidence of multiple life-threatening infectious diseases and culminating with the eradication of natural smallpox virus, which was definitively certified by the WHO in 1980. The possibility of using vaccines against cancer was first proposed at the end of the 19th century by Paul Ehrlich and William Coley. However, it was not until the 1990s that such a hypothesis began to be intensively investigated, following the realization that the immune system is not completely unresponsive to tumors and that neoplastic cells express immunogenic tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Nowadays, anticancer vaccines are rapidly moving from the bench to the bedside, and a few prophylactic and therapeutic preparations have already been approved by FDA for use in humans. In this setting, one interesting approach is constituted by DNA vaccines, i.e., TAA-encoding circularized DNA constructs, often of bacterial origin, that are delivered to patients as such or by means of specific vectors, including (but not limited to) liposomal preparations, nanoparticles, bacteria and viruses. The administration of DNA vaccines is most often performed via the intramuscular or subcutaneous route and is expected to cause (1) the endogenous synthesis of the TAA by myocytes and/or resident antigen-presenting cells; (2) the presentation of TAA-derived peptides on the cell surface, in association with MHC class I molecules; and (3) the activation of potentially therapeutic tumor-specific immune responses. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating DNA vaccines as therapeutic interventions against cancer. PMID:23734328

Senovilla, Laura; Vacchelli, Erika; Garcia, Pauline; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jérôme; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-04-01

255

Trial watch: Peptide vaccines in cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Prophylactic vaccination constitutes one of the most prominent medical achievements of history. This concept was first demonstrated by the pioneer work of Edward Jenner, dating back to the late 1790s, after which an array of preparations that confer life-long protective immunity against several infectious agents has been developed. The ensuing implementation of nation-wide vaccination programs has de facto abated the incidence of dreadful diseases including rabies, typhoid, cholera and many others. Among all, the most impressive result of vaccination campaigns is surely represented by the eradication of natural smallpox infection, which was definitively certified by the WHO in 1980. The idea of employing vaccines as anticancer interventions was first theorized in the 1890s by Paul Ehrlich and William Coley. However, it soon became clear that while vaccination could be efficiently employed as a preventive measure against infectious agents, anticancer vaccines would have to (1) operate as therapeutic, rather than preventive, interventions (at least in the vast majority of settings), and (2) circumvent the fact that tumor cells often fail to elicit immune responses. During the past 30 y, along with the recognition that the immune system is not irresponsive to tumors (as it was initially thought) and that malignant cells express tumor-associated antigens whereby they can be discriminated from normal cells, considerable efforts have been dedicated to the development of anticancer vaccines. Some of these approaches, encompassing cell-based, DNA-based and purified component-based preparations, have already been shown to exert conspicuous anticancer effects in cohorts of patients affected by both hematological and solid malignancies. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating purified peptides or full-length proteins as therapeutic interventions against cancer. PMID:23264902

Vacchelli, Erika; Martins, Isabelle; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2012-12-01

256

FIRE WATCH PROCEDURES FOR GREEK FACILITIES A Fire Watch is a physical inspection conducted when a building's fire alarm and/or sprinkler system is not  

E-print Network

FIRE WATCH PROCEDURES FOR GREEK FACILITIES Background A Fire Watch is a physical inspection conducted when a building's fire alarm and/or sprinkler system is not operational. During a Fire Watch, a responsible occupant actively looks for evidence of smo ke and fire, listens for in-room smoke detectors

Rubloff, Gary W.

257

Abstract --A company uses several watch types for different needs. The main idea is to offer a generic watch system that  

E-print Network

present, in this paper, these various watch process from information management to added-value information. Finally, we propose the architecture for our generic watch system. Index Terms -- Information retrieval system, generic watch system, collaborative platform, information processing, added-value information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Music (Performance)  

E-print Network

) Award MA School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Music Programme code PSMPER in music, in performance, contemporary composition, journalism, librarianship, arts administration

Weyde, Tillman

259

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Music (Ethnomusicology)  

E-print Network

) Award MA School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Music Programme code PSMETH in music, in performance, contemporary composition, journalism, librarianship, arts administration

Weyde, Tillman

260

Making the Venus Concept Watch 1.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past year we have celebrated the 50th anniversary of planetary exploration, which started with the Venus flyby of Mariner-2; and the 35th anniversary of the Pioneer-Venus multi-probe mission where one large and three small probes descended to the surface of Venus, encountering extreme environmental conditions. At the surface of Venus the temperature is about 460 °C, and the pressure is 92 bar, with a highly corrosive super-critical CO2 atmosphere. At a Venusian altitude of 50 km the pressure and temperature conditions are near Earth-like, but the clouds carry sulfuric acid droplets. Deep probe missions to Jupiter and Saturn, targeting the 100 bar pressure depth encounter similar pressure and temperature conditions as the Pioneer-Venus probes did. Mitigating these environments is highly challenging and requires special considerations for designs and materials. While assessing such space mission concepts, we have found that there is an overlap between the extreme environments in planetary atmospheres and the environments experienced by deep-sea explorers back on Earth. Consequently, the mitigation approaches could be also similar between planetary probes and diver watches. For example, both need to tolerate about 100 bar of pressure-although high temperatures are not factors on Earth. Mitigating these environments, the potential materials are: titanium for the probe and the watch housing; sapphire for the window and glass; resin impregnated woven carbon fiber for the aeroshell's thermal protection system and for the face of the watch; and nylon ribbon for the parachute and for the watch band. Planetary probes also utilize precision watches; thus there is yet another crosscutting functionality with diver watches. Our team, from the Innovation Design Engineering Program of the Royal College of Art, has designed and built a concept watch to commemorate these historical events, while highlighting advances in manufacturing processes over the past three to five decades, relevant to both future planetary mission designs and can be used to produce deep diver watches. In this paper we describe our design considerations; give a brief overview of the extreme environments these components would experience on both Venus and Earth; the manufacturing techniques and materials we used to build the Venus Watch; and its outreach potential to bring a distant concept of planetary exploration closer to Earth. We will also address lessons learned from this project and new ideas forward, for the next generation of this concept design.

Balint, Tibor S.; Melchiorri, Julian P.

2014-08-01

261

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Professional Engineering (Civil Engineering)  

E-print Network

Engineering (Civil Engineering) Award MSc School School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences Department in Civil Engineering Structures that enables work-based learning but retains focus on structural analysis and design. It is a prerequisite for this programme that students work in civil engineering. The programme

Weyde, Tillman

262

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Electrical & Electronic Engineering  

E-print Network

& Electronic Engineering Award MEng School School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences Department or equivalent Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering UCAS Code H604 Programme code USELEM Type in Electrical and Electronic Engineering is a four-year Master Undergraduate Programme. The main aim

Weyde, Tillman

263

Tropospheric ozone variations at the Everest-Pyramid GAW-WMO station (5079 m a.s.l., Nepal): natural and anthropogenic contributions.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Surface ozone is a key species controlling the oxidizing capacity of the troposphere and a powerful greenhouse gas. Since March 2006, continuous measurements of its concentration have been carried out at the Everest-Pyramid GAW-WMO station (5079 m a.s.l., Nepal), which is considered representative for the South-East Himalayas. The aim of this activity, conducted in the framework of Ev-K2-CNR "SHARE ASIA" and UNEP -"ABC" projects, is twofold: (a) to characterize the atmospheric background composition at the high Himalayan altitudes; and (b) to investigate the possible influence of polluted air mass transports. In this work, we present the first systematic evaluation about the influence played by natural (i.e. stratospheric intrusion events) and anthropogenic (i.e. transport of polluted air masses) processes in determining the ozone variations at this measurement site. For this purpose, we analysed two years of continuous measurements concerning in-situ surface ozone, black carbon and meteorological parameters as well as total ozone values from OMI satellite measurements. Further information about the origin of air masses affecting the measurement site was gained from three-dimensional backward trajectories (calculated with the LAGRANTO model) and consideration of potential vorticity values along these trajectories. Preliminary results suggest that the stratospheric intrusions and the pollution transport events significantly affect tropospheric ozone levels during pre-monsoon and dry seasons, even if strong episodes of pollution transport are also observed during the onset period of the monsoon season.

Cristofanelli, P.; Bonasoni, P.; Marinoni, A.; Duchi, R.; Calzolari, F.; Bonafe', U.; Roccato, F.; Vuillermoz, E.; Verza, G. P.; Sprenger, M.

2009-04-01

264

Square Kilometre Array Project Programme BURSARIES AND FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

Square Kilometre Array Project Programme BURSARIES AND FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAMME The Square Kilometre Array Project Programme (SKA) is pleased to announce provisional awards for the Square Kilometre Array

Jarrett, Thomas H.

265

WomenWatch: Feature on Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Millions of women around the world live with disabilities, and this site from the United Nations' Women Watch initiative provides information on this particular group of individuals. On this site, visitors can learn about the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and also look over a related fact sheet about girls and women with disabilities. Visitors should also look over the "Resources" section, which includes links to online materials from other UN websites, including the Regional Commission for Asia and the Pacific and the World Health Organization. Finally, visitors can also watch a webcast of the United Nations committee Ad Hoc Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

266

NAWCC: The National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, Inc.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NAWCC has developed a Web site illustrating the non-profit organization's activities and services dedicated to the study of horology (timekeeping). Utilizing the message board, visitors can take part in discussions with others interested in the art and science of timekeeping. Users can have their watch and clock research questions answered by The Library and Research Center at the National Watch and Clock Museum. Collectors who have lost valuable timepieces can list their items on the stolen articles board. Apprentices can also obtain information about technical repair and restoration training of horological artifacts. With the ability to interact with other horologists, anyone interested in horology should visit this site.

267

78 FR 2683 - Carriage Standards for Bridge Navigational Watch Alarm Systems (BNWAS) Aboard U.S. Flagged Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Carriage Standards for Bridge Navigational Watch Alarm Systems (BNWAS) Aboard U.S...carriage standards for Bridge Navigational Watch Alarm Systems (BNWAS), in accordance...monitors the awareness of the Officer of the Watch (OOW) and automatically alerts the...

2013-01-14

268

47 CFR 80.302 - Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...impairment of service involving a distress watch. 80.302 Section 80.302 Telecommunication...STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Coast Station Safety Watches § 80.302 Notice of...

2010-10-01

269

Master's programme in Industrial Management Programme outline  

E-print Network

program in Industrial Managemnt offers a unique pos- sibility to combine and develop deep engineering for students with a profound engineering background who aim to take on leadership positions in industrialMaster's programme in Industrial Management Programme outline The main focus of the master

Lagergren, Jens

270

POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Clinical Optometry  

E-print Network

of ocular and systemic disease affecting the eye -Evaluate and critically appraise new and up-dated research medical disciplines and the expansion of the optometrist's role in ocular therapeutics. The programme to ocular health care and vision science during their professional careers. The programme will provide you

Weyde, Tillman

271

47 CFR 80.308 - Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. 80.308 ...80.308 Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. (a) Each...station for compliance with the Great Lakes Radio Agreement must when...

2014-10-01

272

78 FR 30389 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel LITTLE BAY WATCH; Invitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel LITTLE BAY WATCH; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...the applicant the intended service of the vessel LITTLE BAY WATCH is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Snorkel trips...

2013-05-22

273

47 CFR 80.308 - Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. 80.308 ...80.308 Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. (a) Each...station for compliance with the Great Lakes Radio Agreement must when...

2012-10-01

274

47 CFR 80.308 - Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. 80.308 ...80.308 Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. (a) Each...station for compliance with the Great Lakes Radio Agreement must when...

2013-10-01

275

47 CFR 80.308 - Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. 80.308 ...80.308 Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. (a) Each...station for compliance with the Great Lakes Radio Agreement must when...

2010-10-01

276

47 CFR 80.308 - Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. 80.308 ...80.308 Watch required by the Great Lakes Radio Agreement. (a) Each...station for compliance with the Great Lakes Radio Agreement must when...

2011-10-01

277

Design of programmable matter  

E-print Network

Programmable matter is a proposed digital material having computation, sensing, actuation, and display as continuous properties active over its whole extent. Programmable matter would have many exciting applications, like ...

Knaian, Ara N. (Ara Nerses), 1977-

2008-01-01

278

WORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

of energy; addressing the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing (coordinated call with Brazil). #12;FP7 Cooperation Work Programme: Energy Page 3 of 57 ANNUAL WORK PROGRAMME

Milano-Bicocca, Università

279

FROM WHALE HARVESTING TO WHALE WATCHING: TANGALOOMA 30 YEARS ON  

E-print Network

FROM WHALE HARVESTING TO WHALE WATCHING: TANGALOOMA 30 YEARS ON Mark B. Orams and Paul H. Forestell Whale Foundation, Kealia Beach Plaza, 10 I N. Kihei Road, Kihei, Hawaii 96753, U.S.A. ABSTRACT Tourism on interactions with wild cetaceans. Tangalooma Whaling Station was located in South-east Queensland, Australia

280

Long Lake Whale Watch: Outdoor Education Comes Alive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promotes the experiential learning benefits of outdoor education. Describes the experiences of students in grades 4-6 who planned, raised funds for, and participated in a field trip that included a visit to the New England Aquarium, a whale watch cruise, and camping on Cape Cod during a tropical storm. (LP)

Briggs, James N.

1993-01-01

281

Invitation/Program Technology Watch Day on Future Biofuels  

E-print Network

Invitation/Program Technology Watch Day on Future Biofuels and 4. TMFB International Workshop;International Research Centers Focussing on Future Biofuels are Presenting Their Research Approaches and Current Concerning Future Biofuels DBFZ ­ Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum M. Seiffert, F. Mueller-Langer German

282

Autumn Hawk Migration: Activities for a Schoolyard Hawk Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests activities for the study of hawk migration: development of identification skills using the accompanying flying hawk silhouettes, photographs, and drawings; binocular spotting games; selection and outfitting of a hawk watching station; follow-up map study; ecological and historical perspectives. (NEC)

Highsmith, R. Tod

1980-01-01

283

Berry Head - SeaWatch SW in 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In 2008 I put in 276 hours of seawatching at Berry Head, between 18 June-10 November, as a contribution to the SeaWatch SW Project. An extremely unsettled summer contributed to ideal seawatching conditions on many days. Good numbers of Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus (the main target species) were seen, with over 700 birds recorded and a mean passage rate

Mark Darlaston

284

Watching MOOCs Together: Investigating Co-Located MOOC Study Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that massive open online course (MOOC) students prefer to study in groups, and that social facilitation within the study groups may render the learning of difficult concepts a pleasing experience. We report on a longitudinal study that investigates how co-located study groups watch and study MOOC videos together. The study was…

Li, Nan; Verma, Himanshu; Skevi, Afroditi; Zufferey, Guillaume; Blom, Jan; Dillenbourg, Pierre

2014-01-01

285

MUSSEL WATCH: INTERCOMPARISON OF TRACE LEVEL CONSTITUENT DETERMINATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. National Mussel Watch Program initially used split-sample analyses for interlaboratory quality control purposes. These indicated the possibility of interlaboratory analytical discrepancies as well as problems in the split-sample technique itself. For the third year of th...

286

Kathleen England watches her image transmitted to shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kathleen England watches her image transmitted to her husband in the shuttle via the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX). Looking on are amateur radio operators employed at JSC: Gil Carman (WA5NOM); Lou McFaddin (WSDIO), and Candy Torres (KASUKJ).

1985-01-01

287

Kathleen England watches her image transmitted to shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kathleen England (foreground and on monitor) watches her image transmitted to her husband in the shuttle via the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX). Looking on are amateur radio operators employed at JSC: Gil Carman (WA5NOM); Lou McFaddin (WSDIO), and Candy Torres (KASUKJ).

1985-01-01

288

Seeing with Cameras watching public spaces, laser radar detectors measuring  

E-print Network

- pret data from security cameras so as to automatically raise alarms in dangerous situations. HoweverSeeing with Computers Cameras watching public spaces, laser radar detectors measuring distances, such as airports, that are monitored by many cameras. The researchers are working to analyze cues like appearance

Hill, Wendell T.

289

African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

2004-01-01

290

Litter Pollution, Level 2. Teacher Guide. Operation Waste Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operation Waste Watch is a series of seven sequential learning units which addresses the subject of litter control and solid waste management. Each unit may be used in a variety of ways, depending on the needs and schedules of individual schools, and may be incorporated into various social studies, science, language arts, health, mathematics, and…

Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

291

Watching Ronald Reagan: Viewers' Reactions to the President on Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing open-ended, in-depth interviews, this article explores the reactions of viewers shortly after they watched a televised press conference and an address to the nation by President Reagan. The majority of our subjects chose from two alternate value systems and images of America, and evaluated Reagan's performances in light of those values and images. Perceptions of the president's character and

Roberta Glaros; Bruce Miroff

1983-01-01

292

Watch Out! A Framework for Evaluating Steering Behaviors  

E-print Network

Watch Out! A Framework for Evaluating Steering Behaviors Shawn Singh, Mishali Naik, Mubbasir environment is the problem of steering. While there are many approaches to steering, to our knowledge of an agent to navigate to a goal destination, through an environment that includes static obstacles

Faloutsos, Petros

293

Monarch Watch: Dedicated to Education, Conservation and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Monarch Watch contains information on monarch butterfly natural history and research, with an emphasis on opportunities for amateur and professional involvement in monarch monitoring and conservation. This site adds an important new avenue for collaboration between professional and amateur entomologists in the growing field of insect conservation.

294

Inflammasome Activation: How Macrophages Watch What They Eat  

E-print Network

Inflammasome Activation: How Macrophages Watch What They Eat Russell E. Vance1,* 1Division of lysozyme in the phagosome and activation of the Nlrp3 inflammasome, a cytosolic regulator of inflammation ``inflammasomes,'' which reside in the cytosol and respond to a variety of infectious or noxious stimuli

Vance,. Russell

295

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552...Each institution must have one or more rooms designated specifically for housing an inmate on suicide watch. The designated room must allow staff to maintain adequate...transfer to a medical referral center or health care......

2010-07-01

296

Framework for a Technology-Watch Relay Station  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the centre of the PRIME Faraday Partnership's Technology Watch service is a growing series of technology and market reviews for managers and engineers in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) producing "smart" products. Its aim is to help them maintain their awareness of new technologies and markets and thereby seize opportunities to…

Stokes, C. A.; Palmer, P. J.

2004-01-01

297

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities  

E-print Network

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics, monitors employment trends in Milwaukee and the nation's 50 largest cities. In addition, the Center also compares employment trends in Milwaukee to a smaller and more

Saldin, Dilano

298

Watch Out for Children: A Mothers' Statement to Advertisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report explains that all adults must watch out for all children, cautioning that marketing is harmful to children. Advertisers are aggressively targeting age groups that, until recently, have been considered off-limits and occupying more of children's psychic and physical space. The report presents a commitment by mothers to all children to…

Institute for American Values, New York, NY.

299

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...maintain a continuous watch: (1) On VHF DSC channel 70, if the ship is fitted with...2); (2) On the distress and safety DSC frequency 2187.5 kHz, if the ship is...3); (3) On the distress and safety DSC frequencies 2187.5 kHz and 8414.5...

2010-10-01

300

Electromagnetic Dancer: Connect Her Up and Watch Her Dance!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use a nail and magnet wire to build an electromagnet, which controls the movements of a paper dancer. Learners will enjoy watching the dancer swirl around when they activate the electromagnet. Use this activity to help learners explore circuits, electromagnets, and currents. Includes pictures, detailed steps for construction, and focus questions to enhance learning.

Watsonville Environmental Science Workshop

2011-01-01

301

18 PharmaGenomics June 2004 Industry Watch  

E-print Network

advance and streamline the drug development process. Why small animals? With in vivo imaging, it enables18 PharmaGenomics June 2004 Industry Watch Medical Imaging in Drug Discovery, Part III `Whole body take a closer look at how molecular imaging in small animals -- and even in humans -- is helping

Sinskey, Anthony J.

302

Watch TV Upside Down on a Piece of Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this optics activity, learners use a television to generate an image with a magnifying glass. Learners will be surprised to see how they can watch TV on a piece of paper, albeit upside down! Use this activity to demonstrate the behavior of light refraction and reflection.

Vicki Cobb

2008-01-01

303

Watch Upper Number on Blood Pressure for Younger Adults  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Watch Upper Number on Blood Pressure for Younger Adults: Study Systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg or more raises risk ... 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Heart Diseases High Blood Pressure TUESDAY, Jan. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Young and ...

304

FOREST WATCH DATA BOOK 2010-2011 Published January 2012  

E-print Network

, the needles make less sugar. The pines show reduced growth in needle length and reduced needle retention Watch program studies the effects of ground-level ozone on the health of New England's forests. K-12, reducing chlorophyll and cellular water concentrations. With reduced photosynthesis and less water

Pringle, James "Jamie"

305

3-year chemical composition of free tropospheric PM1 at the Mt. Cimone GAW global station - South Europe - 2165 m a.s.l.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nocturnal organic and inorganic chemical characterization of fine (PM1) aerosol was carried out at the GAW global high mountain station of Mt. Cimone (CMN), from January 2009 to December 2011, in the framework of the EU-EUSAAR and ACTRIS programs. The station is located at the summit of the Northern Italian Apennines (2165 m a.s.l.) overlooking the polluted Po river basin and is considered representative of background conditions for Southern Europe/Northern Mediterranean. The concentrations of carbonaceous and ionic aerosol follow a typical seasonal trend, with maxima during summer and minima during winter. The average PM1 mass apportioned by the chemical analyses ranged between 1.2 ± 0.68 ?g m-3 (winter) and 5.0 ± 2.7 ?g m-3 (summer), with ca. 80% and 60%, respectively, accounted for by organic matter, mainly water-soluble (yearly average WSOC/TC ratio 0.67 ± 0.18), the remainder taking the form of ammonium salts. The fine fraction turned out to be mostly neutralized by ammonia, with a slight tendency to acidity during colder months. This seasonal cycle can be explained by the interplay between the local/mesoscale (vertical) and large-scale (advective) circulations. From mid-spring to late summer, stable anticyclonic conditions and increased turbulent mixing in the lower troposphere, associated to the thermal mountain wind system, induce convective/thermal uplift of air masses from the Po Valley to CMN, strongly altering the free tropospheric aerosol features. Conversely, higher vertical stability at the low levels and variable transport patterns related to the passage of synoptic disturbances over Northern Italy, determine a weaker influence of vertical transport of pollution on aerosol composition, during midfall-winter. At CMN, the synoptic-scale circulation regimes presented four principal contributions: Mediterranean, Western Europe, continental Europe and Eastern Europe.

Carbone, Claudio; Decesari, Stefano; Paglione, Marco; Giulianelli, Lara; Rinaldi, Matteo; Marinoni, Angela; Cristofanelli, Paolo; Didiodato, Attilio; Bonasoni, Paolo; Fuzzi, Sandro; Facchini, Maria Cristina

2014-04-01

306

[Atmospheric CO2 data filtering method and characteristics of the molar fractions at the Longfengshan WMO/GAW regional station in China].  

PubMed

Based on the in-situ observation results of atmospheric CO2 molar fractions at two levels (10 m and 80 m above the ground) at Longfengshan (LFS) regional background station in Heilongjiang Province during January 2009 to December 2011, this study mainly focused on the results from 10 m above the ground level (a. g. l.). The results indicated that the observed data from 10 m were strongly affected by the local sources/sinks. The differences between the 10 m and 80 m results were relatively small during the daytime (08:00-17:00) with values smaller than (0.5 +/- 0.5) x 10(-6). In spring, summer and winter, higher CO2 molar fractions were observed when surface winds came from the E-ESE-SE-SSE sectors, while, in winter, surface winds from the N-NNW-NW-WNW sectors obviously enhanced the observed values. Generally, lower CO2 values were accompanied with higher wind speed in the four seasons. This phenomenon was most obvious in winter. Based on the analysis of the observed diurnal cycles and the local meteorological conditions, the observed data from 10 m were filtered into background/non-background events. About 30.7% valid hourly data were filtered as regional background representative. The background CO2 variation displayed a peak in winter and a valley in summer with a seasonal peak to peak amplitude of (36.3 +/- 1.4) x 10(-6), which was higher than the values at similar latitude from Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) References and WMO/GAW stations. The yearly CO2 increasing rate at LFS was roughly estimated to be 2.4 x 10(-6) a(-1). PMID:25338353

Luan, Tian; Zhou, Ling-Xi; Fang, Shuang-Xi; Yao, Bo; Wang, Hong-Yang; Liu, Zhao

2014-08-01

307

Programmable Syntax Macros  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Lisp has shown that a programmable syntax macro system acts as an adjunct to the compiler that gives the programmer important and powerful abstraction facilities not provided by the language Unlike simple token substitution macros, such as are provided by CPP (the C preprocessor), syntax macros operate on Abstract Syntax Trees (ASTs) Programmable syntax macro systems have not yet

Daniel Weise; Roger F. Crew

1993-01-01

308

Structural adjustment programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank's structural adjustment programmes have gained prominence in recent years but have failed to live up to expectations. The literature on these programmes contains empirical evaluation and description of the policy experience in aid?receiving countries. This article offers an analytical framework for evaluating them. The framework also helps in evaluating the empirical research on the programmes reported in

PDF Strydom; FH Fišer

1995-01-01

309

49 CFR 1560.107 - Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft operators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft operators...Transmission of Secure Flight Passenger Data for Watch List Matching § 1560.107 Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft...

2010-10-01

310

33 CFR 110.47 - Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I. 110.47 Section 110...Areas § 110.47 Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I. All of the navigable waters of Watch Hill Cove southeasterly of a line...

2010-07-01

311

33 CFR 401.60 - Listening watch and notice of arrival.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Listening watch and notice of arrival. 401.60 Section...Communications § 401.60 Listening watch and notice of arrival. (a) Vessels shall be on radio listening watch on the applicable assigned...

2010-07-01

312

76 FR 4126 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR- 5411-N-07] Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2011-01-24

313

75 FR 61164 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5411-N-03] Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2010-10-04

314

77 FR 5262 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5511-N-07] Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Direct...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2012-02-02

315

75 FR 67387 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-4211-N-05] Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2010-11-02

316

75 FR 61165 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5411-N-04] Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Direct...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2010-10-04

317

77 FR 5263 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination Approval Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FR-5511-N-06] Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Origination...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2012-02-02

318

47 CFR 80.147 - Watch on 2182 kHz.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watch on 2182 kHz. 80.147 Section 80.147 Telecommunication...Requirements and Procedures Shipboard General Purpose Watches § 80.147 Watch on 2182 kHz. Ship stations must maintain a...

2010-10-01

319

Losing Sleep to Watch the Night-Sky: The Relationship between Sleep-Length and Noctcaelador  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of history, humans have been watching the night-sky (Hawkins, 1983). Historically, individuals have watched the night-sky for aesthetic appreciation and to gain insights and knowledge (Brecher & Feirtag, 1979). Despite the long history of night-sky watching among humans and the apparent importance of the behavior to large groups of…

Kelly, William E.; Rose, Callie

2005-01-01

320

33 CFR 80.145 - Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI. 80...DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.145 Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI...coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island from Race Point to Watch Hill. (b) A...

2014-07-01

321

33 CFR 80.145 - Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI. 80...DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.145 Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI...coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island from Race Point to Watch Hill. (b) A...

2010-07-01

322

33 CFR 80.145 - Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI. 80...DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.145 Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI...coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island from Race Point to Watch Hill. (b) A...

2012-07-01

323

33 CFR 80.145 - Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI. 80...DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.145 Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI...coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island from Race Point to Watch Hill. (b) A...

2011-07-01

324

33 CFR 80.145 - Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI. 80...DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.145 Race Point, MA, to Watch Hill, RI...coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island from Race Point to Watch Hill. (b) A...

2013-07-01

325

The Global Economic Impact of Manta Ray Watching Tourism  

PubMed Central

As manta rays face increased threats from targeted and bycatch fisheries, manta ray watching tourism, if managed properly, may present an attractive economic alternative to consumptive use of these species. Both species in the genus Manta (Manta alfredi and Manta birostris) are classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List as species Vulnerable to extinction in the wild, and are considered unsustainable as fisheries resources due to their conservative life history characteristics, which considerably reduce their ability to recover population numbers when depleted. Utilising dive operator surveys, Internet research, and a literature review, this study provides the first global estimate of the direct economic impact of manta ray watching tourism and examines the potential socio-economic benefits of non-consumptive manta ray watching operations relative to consumptive use of manta rays as a fishery resource. In the 23 countries in which manta ray watching operations meeting our criteria were identified, we estimated direct revenue to dive operators from manta ray dives and snorkels at over US$73 million annually and direct economic impact, including associated tourism expenditures, of US$140 million annually. Ten countries account for almost 93% of the global revenue estimate, specifically Japan, Indonesia, the Maldives, Mozambique, Thailand, Australia, Mexico, United States, Federated States of Micronesia and Palau. In many of the areas where directed fisheries for manta rays are known to occur, these activities overlap with manta ray tourism sites or the migratory range of the mantas on which these sites depend, and are likely to be unsustainable and detrimental to manta ray watching tourism. PMID:23741450

O’Malley, Mary P.; Lee-Brooks, Katie; Medd, Hannah B.

2013-01-01

326

Watching your weight? The relations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating in young girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although previous research showed that the thin ideal provided by the media affects body image and eating behaviour in young children, less is known about specific media contents that are related to body image and eating behaviour. This study tested the associations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating directly, and indirectly through thin ideal

Doeschka Anschutz; Rutger Engels; J. F. J. van Leeuwe; Tatjana van Strien

2009-01-01

327

Globe Watch. Teachers' Guide for Globe Watch IV: Mexico, Canada, Finland, Japan, the Arms Race, the Iran-Iraq War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the use of the Globe Watch IV public television series, produced jointly by Hampden-Sydney College (Virginia) and the University of North Carolina Center for Public Television, each lesson in this guide provides: (1) a statement of the objective of the program; (2) a synopsis of the issue discussed; (3) background information; (4) brief…

Turner, Ginny

328

Can positive matrix factorization help to understand patterns of organic trace gases at the continental Global Atmosphere Watch site Hohenpeissenberg?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From the rural Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) site Hohenpeissenberg in the pre-alpine area of southern Germany, a data set of 24 C2-C8 non-methane hydrocarbons over a period of 7 years was analyzed. Receptor modeling was performed by positive matrix factorization (PMF) and the resulting factors were interpreted with respect to source profiles and photochemical aging. Differing from other studies, no direct source attribution was intended because, due to chemistry along transport, mass conservation from source to receptor is not given. However, at remote sites such as Hohenpeissenberg, the observed patterns of non-methane hydrocarbons can be derived from combinations of factors determined by PMF. A six-factor solution showed high stability and the most plausible results. In addition to a biogenic and a background factor of very stable compounds, four additional anthropogenic factors were resolved that could be divided into two short- and two long-lived patterns from evaporative sources/natural gas leakage and incomplete combustion processes. The volume or mass contribution at the site over the entire period was, in decreasing order, from the following factor categories: background, gas leakage and long-lived evaporative, residential heating and long-lived combustion, short-lived evaporative, short-lived combustion, and biogenic. The importance with respect to reactivity contribution was generally in reverse order, with the biogenic and the short-lived combustion factors contributing most. The seasonality of the factors was analyzed and compared to results of a simple box model using constant emissions and the photochemical decay calculated from the measured annual cycles of OH radicals and ozone. Two of the factors, short-lived combustion and gas leakage/long-lived evaporative, showed winter/summer ratios of about 9 and 7, respectively, as expected from constant source estimations. Contrarily, the short-lived evaporative emissions were about 3 times higher in summer than in winter, while residential heating/long-lived combustion emissions were about 2 times higher in winter than in summer.

Leuchner, M.; Gubo, S.; Schunk, C.; Wastl, C.; Kirchner, M.; Menzel, A.; Plass-Dülmer, C.

2015-02-01

329

EIGHT CHANNEL PROGRAMMABLE PULSE GENERATOR  

E-print Network

-- Clearing the memory 15 -- Ways to check 16 -- The clock, stop-watch and timer 17 -- Master-8-cp (Interval Time), M (No. o[ pulses per train),' f , ' i ' -1) The clock keys: CLOCK-DISPLAY, STOP-WATCH features a clock that counts the time that has passed from pressing the CLOC^K-RESET key (e

Kleinfeld, David

330

Long-term surface ozone variability at Mt. Cimone WMO/GAW global station (2165 m a.s.l., Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mediterranean basin represents a hot spot area for short-term O3 distribution and anthropogenic contributions to it. This is why we analysed in this work the surface O3 variability observed at Mt. Cimone WMO/GAW global station (CMN, 44°12? N, 10°42? E, 2165 m a.s.l., Italy) from 1991 to 2011. The measurements performed at this mountain observatory represent the longest surface O3 record at a baseline site in the Mediterranean basin. Monthly O3 averages at CMN show a typical seasonal cycle characterised by a winter minimum and a spring - summer maxima. The shape of the mean annual variation of O3 is well comparable with those observed at other four baseline sites in the Alps and in the Mediterranean region: Jungfraujoch - Swiss Alps, Sonnblick - Austrian Alps, Mt. Krvavec- Slovenia and Giordan Lightouse - Island of Gozo, Malta. In general, O3 levels at CMN show higher values during warm months, which is likely to be related both to vertical transport of polluted air-masses at regional and continental scales and to enhanced photochemistry. Here, we also investigate the influence of specific atmospheric processes (i.e. the occurrence of heat-waves, North Atlantic Oscillation, thermal transport of air-masses from the regional PBL and stratospheric intrusions) in affecting O3 variability at CMN. Overall, a significant positive (95% confidence level) linear trend in monthly O3 mole fraction was observed over the period 1991-2011 (0.21 ± 0.10 nmol/mol yr-1) while no trend (-0.02 ± 0.12 nmol/mol yr-1) was detected for the 1996-2011, when measurements were carried out by an homogeneous experimental set-up. On a seasonal basis, a positive trend has been observed for 1996-2011 (0.34 ± 0.32 nmol/mol yr-1) only for spring. Significant decreases of the seasonal O3 growth-rates have been detected at CMN during 1991-2011 from winter to spring and only for summer during 1996-2011.

Cristofanelli, P.; Scheel, H.-E.; Steinbacher, M.; Saliba, M.; Azzopardi, F.; Ellul, R.; Fröhlich, M.; Tositti, L.; Brattich, E.; Maione, M.; Calzolari, F.; Duchi, R.; Landi, T. C.; Marinoni, A.; Bonasoni, P.

2015-01-01

331

Ad-hoc Processing with the CoastWatch Utilities  

E-print Network

_249_2137_n18_wn.hdf Contents of file 2006_249_2137_n18_wn.hdf Global information: Satellite: noaa-18 Sensor.hdf satellite = noaa-18 sensor = avhrr origin = USDOC/NOAA/NESDIS CoastWatch cwhdf_version = 3.4 pass_type = day_249_2137_n18_wn.hdf 1024 phollema@bean hdatt --name satellite 2006_249_2137_n18_wn.hdf noaa-18 phollema

332

Ethiopia: Human Rights Watch Report, 2/5/98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The African Studies Center site at the University of Pennsylvania has posted this 1997 report on the political and social condition of Ethiopia. It is an announcement released by Human Rights Watch (HRW)/Africa in December 1997, which criticizes "the failure of the Ethiopian government to live up to its professed commitment to human rights, and calling on the US in particular to put pressure for the government to live up to its human rights obligations."

1998-01-01

333

Watching an Enzyme at Work: a Mass Spectrometry View of  

E-print Network

;#12;4000 6000 8000 10000 m/z 100 % 0 CS Wild Type 19+ 32+ Ayed et al., Rapid Commun. Mass Spec. 12: 339, 1998Watching an Enzyme at Work: a Mass Spectrometry View of Allosteric Citrate Synthase Lynda J. Donald #12;4000 6000 8000 10000 m/z 100 % 0 CS Wild Type + NADH 19+ 32+ 32+ Ayed et al., Rapid Commun. Mass

Ens, Werner

334

The experience of watching dance: phenomenological–neuroscience duets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses possible correspondences between neuroscientific findings and phenomenologically informed methodologies\\u000a in the investigation of kinesthetic empathy in watching dance. Interest in phenomenology has recently increased in cognitive\\u000a science (Gallagher and Zahavi 2008) and dance scholars have recently contributed important new insights into the use of phenomenology in dance studies (e.g.\\u000a Legrand and Ravn (Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

Corinne Jola; Shantel Ehrenberg; Dee Reynolds

335

75 FR 10463 - Office of Insular Affairs; Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2010 for Watch...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2010 for Watch Producers Located...SUMMARY: This action allocates calendar year 2010 duty exemptions for watch assembly...insular watches and watch movements for calendar year 2010 is 1,866,000 units...

2010-03-08

336

76 FR 12700 - Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2011 for Watch Producers Located in the United...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...INTERIOR Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2011 for Watch Producers Located...SUMMARY: This action allocates calendar year 2011 duty exemptions for watch assembly...insular watches and watch movements for calendar year 2011 is 1,866,000 units...

2011-03-08

337

78 FR 14266 - Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2013 for Watch Producers Located in the United...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...INTERIOR Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2013 for Watch Producers Located...SUMMARY: This action allocates calendar year 2013 duty exemptions for watch assembly...insular watches and watch movements for calendar year 2013 is 1,866,000 units...

2013-03-05

338

77 FR 13533 - Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2012 for Watch Producers Located in the United...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...INTERIOR Allocation of Duty-Exemptions for Calendar Year 2012 for Watch Producers Located...SUMMARY: This action allocates calendar year 2012 duty exemptions for watch assembly...insular watches and watch movements for calendar year 2012 is 1,866,000 units...

2012-03-07

339

Towards a Programmable TPM  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore a new model for trusted computing in which an existing fixed-function Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is coupled\\u000a with user application code running on a programmable smart card. We will show that with appropriate coupling the resulting\\u000a system approximates a “field-programmable TPM.” A true field-programmable TPM would provide higher levels of security for\\u000a user-functions that would otherwise need to

Paul England; Talha Tariq

2009-01-01

340

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Creative Writing (Non Fiction)  

E-print Network

-provoking and challenging environment for narrative non-fiction writers to develop their skills, experiment with approaches a narrative non-fiction book. This is not a programme designed to explore different genres of writing but is for those who know that they want to research, and to write, a full-length narrative non-fiction book. Most

Weyde, Tillman

341

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Professional Practice  

E-print Network

critical insights into the evidence base surrounding your own area of professional practice. #12 ECTS 60 PROGRAMME SUMMARY The BSc (Hons) Professional Practice is a modular work-based / work. Demonstrate a systematic understanding of research and evidence-based knowledge and apply this to your own

Weyde, Tillman

342

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law  

E-print Network

in International Commercial Law with specialisation in the following areas: International Competition Law Maritime by taking 4 modules and the dissertation in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law Commercial Law Award M.Jur School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme

Weyde, Tillman

343

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law  

E-print Network

with specialisation in the following areas: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International Energy Commercial Law Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme code

Weyde, Tillman

344

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Health Economics  

E-print Network

MSc School School of Social Sciences Department or equivalent Department of Economics Programme code for specialists in health economics continues to increase as the demand for more advanced and expensive health. · Critically assess the principal theoretical models developed by economists to explain in the health

Weyde, Tillman

345

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Journalism (Science)  

E-print Network

in the best practices in professional science and health journalism. It helps students develop skills the independent learning required for continuing professional development - Communicate conclusions clearly) Award MA School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Journalism Programme code

Weyde, Tillman

346

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Politics  

E-print Network

Politics Award BSc (Hons) School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Department of International Politics UCAS Code L240 Programme code USIPOL Type of study Full Time Total UK credits 360 Total, challenging education in International Politics, focusing on the extent to which there are global political

Weyde, Tillman

347

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Politics and Sociology  

E-print Network

Politics and Sociology Award BSc (Hons) School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Department of International Politics UCAS Code LL23 Programme code UJIPOS Type of study Full Time Total UK quality, challenging education, both in International Politics and in Sociology, that focuses

Weyde, Tillman

348

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Politics  

E-print Network

Politics Award BSc (Hons) School School of Arts and Social Sciences Department or equivalent Department of International Politics UCAS Code L240 Programme code USIPOL Type of study Full Time Total UK credits 360 Total in International Politics, focusing on the extent to which there are global political systems, engaged in policy

Weyde, Tillman

349

From: Volcano Watch, September 26, 1997 Volcano Watch, a weekly feature written by scientists at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, is  

E-print Network

From: Volcano Watch, September 26, 1997 Volcano Watch, a weekly feature written by scientists at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, is posted on the HVO Web site (http zone of Mauna Loa Volcano in historic time. The 1919 Alika eruption was the most voluminous historical

350

Analysing the Types of TV Programmes Viewed by Children from Different Socio-Economic Strata Based on Their Self-Report in the Turkish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the amount of time that children from different socio-economic strata spend watching television per week and whether there was a difference among children from low, middle and upper socio-economic strata with regard to viewing programme types, including action adventure, news and information, competitions, sports,…

Kabadayi, Abdulkadir

2006-01-01

351

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme name Engineering with Management and Entrepreneurship  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION KEY FACTS Programme name Engineering with Management and Entrepreneurship brings different engineering disciplines together to educate engineering graduates with management a multi-disciplinary environment. On the programme, you will study a mix of engineering and management

Weyde, Tillman

352

Resource Engineering MSc Programme  

E-print Network

materials can be recycled from waste. Beyond engineering, the programme also covers business economics of minerals and recycling technologies. The Resource Engineering programme focuses on practical applications the techniques that should be employed in order to recover valuable resources from waste streams. Metallurgy

Langendoen, Koen

353

Conceptualizing Programme Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main thrust of this paper deals with the conceptualization of theory-driven evaluation pertaining to a tutor training programme. Conceptualization of evaluation, in this case, is an integration between a conceptualization model as well as a theoretical framework in the form of activity theory. Existing examples of frameworks of programme…

Hassan, Salochana

2013-01-01

354

Programmable Logic Controllers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a 40-hour course in programmable logic controllers (PLC), developed for a business-industry technology resource center for firms in eastern Pennsylvania by Northampton Community College. The 10 units of the course cover the following: (1) introduction to programmable logic controllers; (2) DOS primer; (3) prerequisite…

Insolia, Gerard; Anderson, Kathleen

355

Decent Work Pilot Programme  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New from the International Labour Organization, the Decent Work Pilot Programme was mandated in October 2000 "to develop and test methods to design effective country programmes and policies to promote decent work." Decent work is defined as the ability to "to secure work to sustain themselves and their families in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity," however the ILO allows each country to define what these elements mean in terms of its own relative conditions. The site highlights a small collection of documents from the three initial countries: Denmark, Panama, and the Philippines as well as the Decent Work Pilot Programme's initiatives. Both the Pilot Programme and the Website are quite new, so information tends to be a little scant. In time, however, the Decent Work Pilot Programme promises to add new resources as they are published.

356

Academia-Industry Training Programme  

E-print Network

Academia-Industry Training Programme Discover the market potential of your high-level research for the Academia Industry Programme #12;The AIT programme aims to support scien- tists in transforming their high

Laemmli, Ulrich

357

Master's programme in Machine Learning Programme outline  

E-print Network

importance for the design of search engines, robots, and sensor systems, and for the processing of large Learning. The programme consists of a basic curriculum followed by one of three tracks: (i) Perception for Information Retrieval, but also with technology for database construction and data security. track iii: com

Lagergren, Jens

358

Master's programme in Engineering Design Programme outline  

E-print Network

to work in product development, engineering design or research within leading companies. The Mechatronics systems, simulators). The Internal Combustion Engines track covers a broad range of topics in depth- chatronics, and internal combustion engines.the main objective of this programme is to produce engineers

Lagergren, Jens

359

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme title: Economics and Statistics  

E-print Network

. For (b), as in G300 PS. B: Skills and other attributes Intellectual (thinking) skills: (a) as stated in L for a career as an economist or statistician or, by profiting from the general numeracy and transferable skills acquired during the programme, to take up trainee positions in accountancy, insurance or management

Guillas, Serge

360

Watchful waiting for ventral hernias: a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Ventral hernias are a common clinical problem. Immediate repair is recommended for most ventral hernias despite significant recurrence rates. This practice may be related to a lack of understanding of the natural history of ventral hernias. The purpose of this study was to determine the natural history of ventral hernias and to determine if watchful waiting is an acceptable and safe option. Forty-one patients with ventral hernias were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study of watchful waiting. Primary outcomes were functional impairment resulting from hernia disease as measured by the Activities Assessment Scale (AAS) and changes from baseline to two years in the physical and mental component score of the SF-36 Health Survey. Secondary outcomes included complications such as incarceration. Mixed-effects model for repeated measures and Student's t tests were used to evaluate scale performance. The mean age of enrollees was 64 years, and the mean hernia size was 239 cm(2). Eleven patients were lost to follow-up, and seven patients died of other causes. All remaining patients were followed for two years. There was one incarceration during the follow-up period. There was no deterioration in the AAS score (baseline vs 24 months = 28 vs 25, P = 0.60). There was deterioration of the physical functioning dimension of the SF-36 (baseline vs 24 months = 40 vs 32, P < 0.01), but the mental functioning dimension was improved (45 vs 51; P = 0.01). Watchful waiting was a safe option for patients in this study with ventral hernias. PMID:24666865

Bellows, Charles F; Robinson, Celia; Fitzgibbons, Robert J; Webber, Larry S; Berger, David H

2014-03-01

361

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering with Industrial Placement  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering with Industrial Placement Award BEng (Hons) School School of Engineering Board of Moderators that includes the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Institution of Structural

Weyde, Tillman

362

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Energy and Environmental Technology and  

E-print Network

-effective management of energy resources, environmental conservation and the development of new and renewable, renewable Assess the economic factors affecting energy production and supply Know the economics governing1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Energy

Weyde, Tillman

363

STS-113 visitors watch the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Watching the launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 are NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe (left) and Associate Administrator of Public Affairs Glen Mahone. Liftoff occurred ontime at 7:49:47 p.m. EST. The launch is the 19th for Endeavour, and the 112th flight in the Shuttle program. Mission STS-113 is the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station, carrying another structure for the Station, the P1 integrated truss. Also onboard are the Expedition 6 crew, who will replace Expedition 5. Endeavour is scheduled to land at KSC after an 11-day journey.

2002-01-01

364

The Canadian Ozone Watch and UV-B advisory programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ozone Watch, initiated in March, 1992, is a weekly bulletin describing the state of the ozone layer over Canada. The UV-B advisory program, which started in May, 1992, produces daily forecasts of clear-sky UV-B radiation. The forecast procedures use daily ozone measurements from the eight-station monitoring network, the output from the Canadian operational forecast model and a UV-B algorithm based on three years of spectral UV-B measurements with the Brewer spectrophotometer.

Kerr, J. B.; Mcelroy, C. T.; Tarasick, D. W.; Wardle, D. I.

1994-01-01

365

ESR response of watch glasses to proton beams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we have analyzed the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal of watch glasses irradiated with ?60 MeV proton beams in the dose range between 1 and 105 Gy. The composition of samples expressed in oxides weight percentages has been obtained carrying out X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF) measurements. The ESR signal has been studied in terms of its dependence on microwave power and modulation field in order to choose the optimal recording parameters. The dependence of the radioinduced signal on the exposure dose has been investigated. A numerical procedure aimed at improving the sensitivity in the low dose range has been developed.

Longo, A.; Basile, S.; Brai, M.; Marrale, M.; Tranchina, L.

2010-09-01

366

2. PROGRAMME OVERVIEW 2.1 UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMMES  

E-print Network

honours programme has a `home school'. The School of Mathematics is the home school for each of the joint honours degree programmes, for which the other school is the home school and fulfils some of the functions12 2. PROGRAMME OVERVIEW 2.1 UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMMES Undergraduate students in the School

Glendinning, Paul

367

Antibody-based therapeutics to watch in 2011.  

PubMed

This overview of 25 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and 5 Fc fusion protein therapeutics provides brief descriptions of the candidates, recently published clinical study results and on-going Phase 3 studies. In alphanumeric order, the 2011 therapeutic antibodies to watch list comprises AIN-457, bapineuzumab, brentuximab vedotin, briakinumab, dalotuzumab, epratuzumab, farletuzumab, girentuximab (WX-G250), naptumomab estafenatox, necitumumab, obinutuzumab, otelixizumab, pagibaximab, pertuzumab, ramucirumab, REGN88, reslizumab, solanezumab, T1h , teplizumab, trastuzumab emtansine, tremelimumab, vedolizumab, zalutumumab and zanolimumab. In alphanumeric order, the 2011 Fc fusion protein therapeutics to watch list comprises aflibercept, AMG-386, atacicept, Factor VIII and Factor IX-Fc. Commercially-sponsored mAb and Fc fusion therapeutics that have progressed only as far as Phase 2/3 or 3 were included. Candidates undergoing regulatory review or products that have been approved may also be in Phase 3 studies, but these were excluded. Due to the large body of primary literature about the candidates, only selected references are given and results from recent publications and articles that were relevant to Phase 3 studies are emphasized. Current as of September 2010, the information presented here will serve as a baseline against which future progress in the development of antibody-based therapeutics can be measured. PMID:21051951

Reichert, Janice M

2011-01-01

368

WORLD WATER ASSESSMENT PROGRAMME  

EPA Science Inventory

The overall objective of the World Water Assessment Programme is to support the building of global security - food, environment, economic, social and political security -- through an integrated comprehensive freshwater assessment. The specific objectives within the assessment pr...

369

Master's programme Biofabrication  

E-print Network

have a strong reputation in the field of Biofabrication and are in the forefront of 3D printing in Biofabrication, students completing this programme are expected to help shape the biofabrication and 3D printing

Utrecht, Universiteit

370

Architecture master's programme  

E-print Network

Landscape Architecture ­ master's programme at SLU, Alnarp, Sweden* Starts in September 2011. Last a possibility to in-depth studies in varied areas in the field of Landscape Architecture, for example in open

371

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This column will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter's column will include some announcements and some recent radiation test results and evaluations of interest. Specifically, the following topics will be covered: the Military and Aerospace Applications of Programmable Devices and Technologies Conference to be held at GSFC in September, 1998, proton test results, and some total dose results.

Katz, Richard

1998-01-01

372

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This column will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter's column will include some announcements and some recent radiation test results and evaluations of interest. Specifically, the following topics will be covered: the Military and Aerospace Applications of Programmable Devices and Technologies Conference to be held at GSFC in September, 1998, proton test results, heavy ion test results, and some total dose results.

Katz, Richard

1998-01-01

373

76 FR 4284 - Foreign-Trade Zone 49-Newark, NJ Area; Application for Subzone; LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Newark, NJ Area; Application for Subzone; LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc. (Watches, Jewelry Products and Leather Goods); Springfield...status for the distribution facility of LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc. (LVMH),...

2011-01-25

374

International Halley watch amateur observers' manual for scientific comet studies. Part 1: Methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Halley Watch is described as well as comets and observing techniques. Information on periodic Comet Halley's apparition for its 1986 perihelion passage is provided. Instructions are given for observation projects valuable to the International Halley Watch in six areas of study: (1) visual observations; (2) photography; (3) astrometry; (4) spectroscopic observations; (5) photoelectric photometry; and (6) meteor observations.

Edberg, S. J.

1983-01-01

375

Media Richness and Social Norms in the Choice to Attend Lectures or to Watch Them Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lectures in a large psychology course were taped and posted online where they could be viewed by streaming video. All students in the course had the option to attend lectures or watch them online, a choice that could be exercised on a lecture-by-lecture basis. The proportion of lectures watched online revealed that students chose between…

Bassili, John N.

2008-01-01

376

From Whale Hunting to Whale Watching in Tonga: A Sustainable Future?  

E-print Network

From Whale Hunting to Whale Watching in Tonga: A Sustainable Future? Mark B. Orams Centre reputation as a whale-watching destination. The pro-whaling organisation, the World Council of Whalers, with some local people, has, however, been actively promoting a resumption of whaling in Tonga. This study

Stockin, Karen

377

Male red-winged blackbirds ( Agelaius phoeniceus ) assess the RHP of neighbors by watching contests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation to fight and willingness to risk the use of dangerous weapons, two factors which can be decisive in predicting the winners of asymmetric animal contests, are readily bluffed in display. When contests are decided by motivation to fight or “daring”, more reliable information about contest asymmetries may be gained by watching actual fights than by watching displays. By presenting

Scott Freeman

1987-01-01

378

Incidental Foreign-Language Acquisition by Children Watching Subtitled Television Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Series of international studies have shown that subtitled television programs provide a rich context for foreign language acquisition. This study investigated whether incidental language acquisition occurs from watching a television program with/without subtitles. Children in the experimental conditions watch: (a) a 15 minute snapshot of a well…

Ina, Lekkai

2014-01-01

379

CaregiverWatch LLC Safety for Your Loved One, Peace of Mind for You  

E-print Network

disruption, daytime fatigue, worry, depression, and poorer physical health. As a group, dementia caregiversCaregiverWatch LLC Safety for Your Loved One, Peace of Mind for You CaregiverWatch LLC develops advanced nighttime alert and in-home tracking systems to assist the caregivers of individuals

Jawitz, James W.

380

The Problem History DPLL Resolution WatchLit Conclusion SAT Solvers  

E-print Network

Valuation for atoms v : P {0, 1} Marcelo Finger IME-USP SAT Solvers #12;The Problem History DPLL Resolution History DPLL Resolution WatchLit Conclusion The Setting: semantics Valuation for atoms v : P {0, 1 History DPLL Resolution WatchLit Conclusion The Setting: semantics Valuation for atoms v : P {0, 1

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

381

Uranium Watch 76 South Main Street, # 7 | P.O. Box 344  

E-print Network

Uranium Watch 76 South Main Street, # 7 | P.O. Box 344 Moab, Utah 84532 435-26O-8384, May 2, 2014. Dear Mr. Rosnick: REQUEST FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO SUBMIT COMMENTS Uranium Watch requests Rosnick/EPA 2 June 10, 2014 1 http://www.radiationcontrol.utah.gov/Uranium_Mills/uraniumone/docs/2012

382

47 CFR 80.148 - Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...general communications using digital selective calling and the watch on 156.800 MHz is provided so that ships not fitted with DSC will be able to call GMDSS ships, thus providing a link between GMDSS and non-GMDSS compliant ships. The watch on...

2010-10-01

383

Physical Activity and Television Watching in Relation to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Television (TV) watching, a major sed- entary behavior in the United States, has been associ- ated with obesity. We hypothesized that prolonged TV watching may increase risk for type 2 diabetes. Methods: In 1986, 37918 men aged 40 to 75 years and free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer com- pleted a detailed physical activity questionnaire. Start- ing from

Frank B. Hu; Michael F. Leitzmann; Meir J. Stampfer; Graham A. Colditz; Walter C. Willett; Eric B. Rimm

2001-01-01

384

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Civil Engineering with Foundation Year  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Civil Engineering programme in Civil Engineering. The foundation year is studied at Westminster Kingsway College at their Gray that includes the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Institution of Structural Engineers. The entry point

Weyde, Tillman

385

Watching as an ordinary affect: Care and mothers’ preemption of injury in child supervision  

PubMed Central

As unintentional injuries continue to be the leading cause of hospitalization and death for toddlers between the ages of 1 and 4, the Centers for Disease Control has argued that child supervision is a key factor in reducing these injuries and fatalities. This article focuses on the affective relationships in the concept of supervision and practice of watching as an injury prevention method. Three parts frame our argument. First, we describe how watching is an ordinary affect. Second, as part of the ethos of caring, watching is embedded in a temporal frame of anticipation and gives rise to an affectsphere of watching and to a parents’ subjectivity as ‘good’ or ‘bad’ supervisors. Third, these affective relationships generate seemingly contradictory outcomes wherein children are expected to gain independence and experience injury. The affective qualities of watching provide a critique of the individualizing forces of supervision and an analysis of subjectivities generated by gender and class. PMID:25114724

Dao, Amy

2014-01-01

386

Development of ultrasonic motor and application to silent alarm analog quartz watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ultrasonic motor was developed for use in new generation watches and portable information devices. This motor shows promise as a new principle actuator. Measuring 10 mm in diameter and 4.5 mm thick, this ultrasonic motor is the world's smallest for practical use. Powered by a single lithium coin battery, this motor is expected to be applied to a broad range of miniature devices, including watches. The structure of the motor makes it possible to reduce its size and drive frequency. This motor was used to incorporate a silent alarm into an analog quartz watch. Unlike conventional electronic alarm watches, an eccentric weight rotates intermittently at high speed generating gentle vibration which notifies the wearer. The silent alarm analog quartz watch which incorporates the new ultrasonic motor, as well as the influence of design parameters on the performance of the ultrasonic motor, are described.

Kasuga, Masao; Satoh, Takashi; Hirotomi, Jun; Kawata, Masayuki

387

75 FR 18787 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; The Swatch Group (U.S.) Inc. (Watch and Jewelry...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Authority for Subzone Status; The Swatch Group (U.S.) Inc. (Watch and Jewelry Warehousing and Distribution), Secaucus, NJ Pursuant...grants authority for subzone status for activity related to watch and jewelry warehousing and distribution at the facility...

2010-04-13

388

President and Mrs. Clinton watch launch of Space Shuttle Discovery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Watching a successful launch of Space Shuttle Discovery from the roof of the Launch Control Center are (left to right) Astronaut Eileen Collins (in flight suit) with unidentified companions, NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin, Astronaut Robert Cabana, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, and U.S. President Bill Clinton. This was the first launch of a Space Shuttle to be viewed by President Clinton, or any President to date. They attended the launch to witness the return to space of American legend John H. Glenn Jr., payload specialist on mission STS-95. Collins will command the crew of STS-93, the first woman to hold that position. Cabana will command the crew of STS-88, the first Space Shuttle mission to carry hardware to space for the assembly of the International Space Station, targeted for liftoff on Dec. 3.

1998-01-01

389

President and Mrs. Clinton watch launch of Space Shuttle Discovery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Watching a successful launch of Space Shuttle Discovery from the roof of the Launch Control Center are (left to right) U.S. President Bill Clinton, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, Astronaut Robert Cabana and NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin. This was the first launch of a Space Shuttle to be viewed by President Clinton, or any President to date. They attended the launch to witness the return to space of American legend John H. Glenn Jr., payload specialist on mission STS-95. Cabana will command the crew of STS-88, the first Space Shuttle mission to carry hardware to space for the assembly of the International Space Station, targeted for liftoff on Dec. 3.

1998-01-01

390

STS-113 visitors watch the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Among the visitors watching the launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 are NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe (top, center) and Glen Mahone, associate administrator for public affairs, NASA (left of O'Keefe). Liftoff occurred ontime at 7:49:47 p.m. EST. The launch is the 19th for Endeavour, and the 112th flight in the Shuttle program. Mission STS-113 is the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station, carrying another structure for the Station, the P1 integrated truss. Also onboard are the Expedition 6 crew, who will replace Expedition 5. Endeavour is scheduled to land at KSC after an 11-day journey.

2002-01-01

391

Agnew and Johnson Watch Apollo 11 Lift Off  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Amidst a crowd of other onlookers, U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew (right) and former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson watch the Saturn V vehicle roar skyward carrying the Apollo 11 manned spacecraft into the vast regions of space. On a trajectory to the Moon, the craft lifted off from launch pad 39 at Kennedy Space Flight Center (KSC) on July 16, 1969. The moon bound crew included astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The mission finalized with splashdown on July 24, 1969. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished. The Saturn V was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Werher von Braun.

1969-01-01

392

Experimental study for rechargeable sealed Ni/Cd watch batteries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The potential feasibility of using Ni/Cd cells as energy storage devices in electronic wrist watches powered by solar cells was evaluated. It is shown that the necessary special requirements can only be met, if the following conditions are fulfilled: a minimal capacity of 35 mAh in a cell of the dimensions 11,4 mm in diameter and 5,1 mm in height; and a hermetic seal to prevent leakage. Long periods of overcharge with currents higher than 50 microns must be avoided in order to achieve a service life of 10 years. The minimal charge current must be 350 mA to provide an autonomy of 6 months, with a discharge current of 5 micro A.

Haelbig, H.

1981-08-01

393

Which are the antibodies to watch in 2013?  

PubMed Central

The start of the new year signals that it is time for mAbs’ annual review of the therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in active Phase 2/3 or Phase 3 clinical studies. The entire clinical pipeline currently includes ~350 mAbs, but most of these are in early development. As of the beginning of 2013, our “Antibodies to watch” list includes 28 single mAbs and one mAb mixture that are undergoing evaluation in Phase 3 studies for inflammatory or immunological disorders, cancers, high cholesterol, osteoporosis, Alzheimer disease and infectious disease. In alphabetical order, the 28 mabs are alirocumab, AMG 145, elotuzumab, epratuzumab, farletuzumab, gantenerumab, gevokizumab, inotuzumab ozogamicin, itolizumab, ixekizumab, lebrikizumab, mepolizumab, naptumomab estafenatox, necitumumab, nivolumab, obinutuzumab, ocrelizumab, onartuzumab, racotumomab, ramucirumab, reslizumab, romosozumab, sarilumab, secukinumab, sirukumab, solanezumab, tabalumab, and vedolizumab. The mixture of actoxumab and bezlotoxumab is being evaluated in two Phase 3 studies as a treatment for Clostridium difficile infection. PMID:23254906

Reichert, Janice M.

2013-01-01

394

Watching TV and Food Intake: The Role of Content  

PubMed Central

Obesity is a serious and growing health concern worldwide. Watching television (TV) represents a condition during which many habitually eat, irrespective of hunger level. However, as of yet, little is known about how the content of television programs being watched differentially impacts concurrent eating behavior. In this study, eighteen normal-weight female students participated in three counter-balanced experimental conditions, including a ‘Boring’ TV condition (art lecture), an ‘Engaging’ TV condition (Swedish TV comedy series), and a no TV control condition during which participants read (a text on insects living in Sweden). Throughout each condition participants had access to both high-calorie (M&Ms) and low-calorie (grapes) snacks. We found that, relative to the Engaging TV condition, Boring TV encouraged excessive eating (+52% g, P?=?0.009). Additionally, the Engaging TV condition actually resulted in significantly less concurrent intake relative to the control ‘Text’ condition (?35% g, P?=?0.05). This intake was driven almost entirely by the healthy snack, grapes; however, this interaction did not reach significance (P?=?0.07). Finally, there was a significant correlation between how bored participants were across all conditions, and their concurrent food intake (beta?=?0.317, P?=?0.02). Intake as measured by kcals was similarly patterned but did not reach significance. These results suggest that, for women, different TV programs elicit different levels of concurrent food intake, and that the degree to which a program is engaging (or alternately, boring) is related to that intake. Additionally, they suggest that emotional content (e.g. boring vs. engaging) may be more associated than modality (e.g. TV vs. text) with concurrent intake. PMID:24983245

Chapman, Colin D.; Nilsson, Victor C.; Thune, Hanna Å.; Cedernaes, Jonathan; Le Grevès, Madeleine; Hogenkamp, Pleunie S.; Benedict, Christian; Schiöth, Helgi B.

2014-01-01

395

Watching TV and food intake: the role of content.  

PubMed

Obesity is a serious and growing health concern worldwide. Watching television (TV) represents a condition during which many habitually eat, irrespective of hunger level. However, as of yet, little is known about how the content of television programs being watched differentially impacts concurrent eating behavior. In this study, eighteen normal-weight female students participated in three counter-balanced experimental conditions, including a 'Boring' TV condition (art lecture), an 'Engaging' TV condition (Swedish TV comedy series), and a no TV control condition during which participants read (a text on insects living in Sweden). Throughout each condition participants had access to both high-calorie (M&Ms) and low-calorie (grapes) snacks. We found that, relative to the Engaging TV condition, Boring TV encouraged excessive eating (+52% g, P?=?0.009). Additionally, the Engaging TV condition actually resulted in significantly less concurrent intake relative to the control 'Text' condition (-35% g, P?=?0.05). This intake was driven almost entirely by the healthy snack, grapes; however, this interaction did not reach significance (P?=?0.07). Finally, there was a significant correlation between how bored participants were across all conditions, and their concurrent food intake (beta?=?0.317, P?=?0.02). Intake as measured by kcals was similarly patterned but did not reach significance. These results suggest that, for women, different TV programs elicit different levels of concurrent food intake, and that the degree to which a program is engaging (or alternately, boring) is related to that intake. Additionally, they suggest that emotional content (e.g. boring vs. engaging) may be more associated than modality (e.g. TV vs. text) with concurrent intake. PMID:24983245

Chapman, Colin D; Nilsson, Victor C; Thune, Hanna Å; Cedernaes, Jonathan; Le Grevès, Madeleine; Hogenkamp, Pleunie S; Benedict, Christian; Schiöth, Helgi B

2014-01-01

396

76 FR 38671 - Qualification for an STCW Endorsement as Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for an STCW Endorsement as Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) AGENCY...qualification for a STCW endorsement as Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW). The...for an STCW endorsement for Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW)....

2011-07-01

397

Punch Card Programmable Microfluidics  

E-print Network

Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes a series of operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series ...

Korir, George

2014-01-01

398

Master's programme in Nuclear Energy Engineering Programme outline  

E-print Network

Master's programme in Nuclear Energy Engineering Programme outline The two-year Master's programme to work abroad. career ProsPects Nuclear power is a significant part of the current energy balance.With advances in science and technology, nuclear energy is increasingly re- garded as an eminent part

Haviland, David

399

Master's programme in Sustainable Urban Planning and Design Programme outline  

E-print Network

Master's programme in Sustainable Urban Planning and Design Programme outline The programme covers: Urban Planning and Design (UPD) Urban and Regional Planning (URP) Environment and Planning (EP) The three tracks represent different professional competences that are involved in urban planning and design

Lagergren, Jens

400

Computer Programmer/Analyst.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 25 subjects appropriate for use in a competency list for the occupation of computer programmer/analyst, 1 of 12 occupations within the business/computer technologies cluster. Each unit consists of a number of competencies; a list of competency builders is provided for each competency. Titles of the 25 units are as…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

401

Programmable physiological infusion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A programmable physiological infusion device and method are provided wherein a program source, such as a paper tape, is used to actuate an infusion pump in accordance with a desired program. The system is particularly applicable for dispensing calcium in a variety of waveforms.

Howard, W. H.; Young, D. R.; Adachi, R. R. (inventors)

1974-01-01

402

ESO's Astronomy Education Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, has operated a programme of astronomy education for some years, with a dedicated Educational Office established in 2001. We organise a range of activities, which we will highlight and discuss in this presentation. Many are run in collaboration with the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE), such as the

D. P. I. Pierce-Price; H. Boffin; C. Madsen

2006-01-01

403

Neuroscience with DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Neuroscience with Psychology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Neuroscience with Psychology Introduction Degree Aims and Outcomes General Enquiries General Requirements Neuroscience is the study of nerve cells and how they work together. The nervous system regulates many internal

Levi, Ran

404

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This column will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter will start a series of notes concentrating on analysis techniques with this issues section discussing worst-case analysis requirements.

Katz, Richard

2000-01-01

405

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter will continue a series of notes concentrating on analysis techniques with this issue's section discussing the use of Root-Sum-Square calculations for digital delays.

Katz, Richard; Day, John H. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

406

Pharmacology DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Pharmacology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Pharmacology Introduction - Year 4 Introduction Pharmacology is concerned primarily with the characterisation of the properties, the Scientific Civil Service and Hospitals. Alternatively, it may lead on to non-research or non-pharmacological

Levi, Ran

407

Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Molecular biology aims to understand living systems by focusing on the molecular components upon which they are built. Molecular biology is one of great successes of 20th century

Levi, Ran

408

Doctoral Programme Aalborg University  

E-print Network

and Swedish market for commercial sex Daniel Gustafsson #12;© 2011 Daniel Gustafsson A study-7783 A study of the operational strategies and organisational structures of traffickers operating the Danish for commercial sex SPIRIT ­ Doctoral Programme Aalborg University Denmark SPIRIT PhD Series Thesis no. 28 ISSN

Hansen, René Rydhof

409

Backgrounder: The MAB Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) was launched in November 1971 under the auspices of Unesco. Its aim is to help to develop scientific knowledge with a view to the rational management and conservation of natural resources, to train qualified personnel in this field, and to disseminate the knowledge acquired both to the decision-makers and…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Office of Public Information.

410

WORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

)........................................ 46 Area 2.3.3 Industrial biotechnology: novel high added-value bio-products and bioWORK PROGRAMME 2009 COOPERATION THEME 2 FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES, AND BIOTECHNOLOGY and Fisheries, and Biotechnology Page 2 of 72 Contents ­ Theme 2: Food, Agriculture and Fisheries

Milano-Bicocca, Università

411

Biotechnology DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

engineering of those organisms to improve an industrial process. The study of biotechnology at UniversityBSc (Hons) Biotechnology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Biotechnology Introduction Degree Aims and Outcomes General Enquiries General Requirements Industrial Placements Looking

Levi, Ran

412

WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

)........................................ 53 Area 2.3.3 Industrial biotechnology: novel high added-value bio-products and bioWORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION THEME 2 FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES, AND BIOTECHNOLOGY and Fisheries, and Biotechnology Page 2 of 95 Table of contents OBJECTIVE

Milano-Bicocca, Università

413

MSc Programme Materials Science  

E-print Network

, for example, self-healing materials. Covering subjects from atoms to applications and from design to disposal aluminium alloys without causing residual stresses or distortion; · Development of self-healing coatingsMSc Programme Materials Science & Engineering FacultyofMechanical,Maritime andMaterials

Langendoen, Koen

414

WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION  

E-print Network

the European Space Agency. I CONTEXT Policy context Europe has been active in the space sector for severalWORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION THEME 9 SPACE (European Commission C(2009) 5893 of 29 July 2009.1 Space-based applications at the service of European Society 11 Area 9.1.1: Pre-operational validation

Milano-Bicocca, Università

415

Microbiology DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Microbiology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Microbiology Introduction - Year 4 Introduction Microbiology is the study of all microscopic organisms, principally bacteria, fungi and viruses. Microbiology is one of the foundation biological sciences. Through study of microorganisms has

Levi, Ran

416

Sustainability Masters Programmes  

E-print Network

Sustainability Masters Programmes School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT #12 for sustainability (e.g. a low-carbon economy, or economic development that considers environmental and social issues) needs people with an in-depth understanding of sustainability and climate change issues. Forward

417

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Learning Invention Lab provides students exposure to and experience with industrial automation. This is achieved through the use and application of current programmable industrial control systems. This Learning Activity has students automate a plastics injection molding machine in industrial automation coursework. This was part of the Learning Invention Labs that MATEC held. Visit the MATEC.org homepage for more information.

Bentley, John

418

Fixed Automation Drum Programmers  

E-print Network

Y3 Fixed Automation Drum Programmers Pneumatic or Hydraulic Cylinders Xn - Pumps Heaters Data Motors X1 X3 ..................... - Conveyor Belts X4 Y1 Y4 - Robot Arms Solenoid Valves Moving U E N C E C O N T R O L Pneumatic or Hydraulic Motors L O G I C C I R C U I T - Lifting Devices

Rimon, Elon

419

Biochemistry DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Biochemistry DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Biochemistry Introduction interacting with one another. Biochemistry attempts to understand the behaviour of these molecules and explain. Biochemistry is central to our understanding of how commonly used pharmaceutical drugs function, enabling

Levi, Ran

420

Comparison of watch and IPN locations of gamma-ray bursts  

SciTech Connect

The WATCH all sky monitors aboard the Granat and EURECA spacecraft have the capability of independently localizing gamma-ray bursts to error circles whose 3 sigma radii are 1 degree or less. These are the most accurate single-experiment localizations currently achievable. In those cases where both WATCH and one or more experiments from the IPN detect a burst, the localizations may be refined considerably. We have identified approximately 35 bursts between 1991 and 1993 in this category. Some were detected by WATCH, Ulysses, PVO, and BATSE, and so on. We present and compare the locations of some of these bursts.

Hurley, K. (University of California Space Sciences Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)); Lund, N.; Brandt, S.; Castro-Tirado, A.J. (Danish Space Research Institute, DK-2800 Copenhagen (Denmark)); Sommer, M. (Max-Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, D8046 Garching (Germany)); Lapshov, I. (Institute for Space Research, 117810 Moscow (Russian Federation)); Laros, J.; Klebesadel, R. (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)); Fishman, G.; Kouveliotou, C.; Meegan, C. (NASA-MSFC, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States)); Cline, T. (NASA-GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)); Boer, M.; Niel, M. (Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, 31029 Toulouse (France))

1994-07-01

421

Master programme in Ecology & Evolution  

E-print Network

Master programme in Ecology & Evolution Jointly organized by the Institute of Ecology and Evolution at the University of Bern Selected specialisation within the MSc programme in Ecology & Evolution Programme start and conservation Plant ecology Behaviour Evolution autumn semester spring semester year: 20.. 3 semester 4 semester

Richner, Heinz

422

Watchful waiting in the treatment of the small renal mass.  

PubMed

Objectives : To evaluate the role and feasibility of observation with regard to the small renal mass. Methods : We performed a literature search of MEDLINE, reviewing the world literature relevant to the natural history, role of percutaneous biopsy and surveillance of the small renal mass. Results : The average yearly growth rate of most small renal masses ranges from 0.1 to 0.70 cm/yr with obvious exceptions. Clinical predictors of growth such as radiographic size at presentation, age, gender and tumor characteristics are not reliable. Approximately 1% develops metastatic disease while under surveillance. Contemporary series of percutaneous biopsy of small renal masses report sensitivity for malignancy to be 90%-98%. However, false-negative results can occur. For the majority of patients, the gold standard remains surgical extirpation. Conclusions : Watchful waiting is an acceptable option for management of small renal masses in the surgically unfit and elderly population. More information regarding the natural history and metastatic potential of small renal masses is needed. Percutaneous needle biopsy can be successful in detecting malignancy in selected patients with small renal masses. The role of needle biopsy for the small renal mass continues to evolve. PMID:19955675

Cary, K Clint; Sundaram, Chandru P

2009-01-01

423

The French Ambassador in Firing Room to watch launch.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On hand in the Firing Room to watch the launch of STS-103 are (left to right) Joseph Rothenberg, associate administrator, Office of Space Flight; JoAnn Morgan, associate director for Advanced Development and Shuttle Upgrades; and Francois Bujon de L'Estang, ambassador of France. Behind the ambassador is his wife, Madam de L'Estang. One of the STS-103 crew, Mission Specialist Jean-Francois Clervoy, is from France, and a member of the European Space Agency (ESA). Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. , Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.) and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland (also with ESA). The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 19 at 7:50 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 7-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST

1999-01-01

424

Confined quantum Zeno dynamics of a watched atomic arrow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a quantum world, a watched arrow never moves. This is the quantum Zeno effect. Repeatedly asking a quantum system `are you still in your initial state?' blocks its coherent evolution through measurement back-action. Quantum Zeno dynamics (QZD; refs , ) gives more freedom to the system. Instead of pinning it to a single state, it sets a border in its evolution space. Repeatedly asking the system `are you beyond the border?' makes this limit impenetrable. As the border can be designed by choosing the measured observable, QZD allows one to dynamically tailor the system's Hilbert space. Recent proposals, particularly in the cavity quantum electrodynamics context, highlight the interest of QZD for quantum state engineering tasks, which are the key to quantum-enabled technologies and quantum information processing. We report the observation of QZD in the 51-dimensional Hilbert space of a large angular momentum J = 25. Continuous selective interrogation limits the evolution of this angular momentum to an adjustable multi-dimensional subspace. This confined dynamics leads to the production of non-classical `Schrödinger cat' states, quantum superpositions of angular momenta pointing in different directions. These states are promising for sensitive metrology of electric and magnetic fields. This QZD approach could also be generalized to cavity and circuit quantum electrodynamics experiments by replacing the angular momentum with a photonic harmonic oscillator.

Signoles, Adrien; Facon, Adrien; Grosso, Dorian; Dotsenko, Igor; Haroche, Serge; Raimond, Jean-Michel; Brune, Michel; Gleyzes, Sébastien

2014-10-01

425

Antibodies to watch in 2014: mid-year update.  

PubMed

The commercial pipeline of monoclonal antibodies is highly dynamic, with a multitude of transitions occurring during the year as product candidates advance through the clinical phases and onto the market. The data presented here add to that provided in the extensive "Antibodies to watch in 2014" report published in the January/February 2014 issue of mAbs. Recent phase transition data suggest that 2014 may be a banner year for first approvals of antibody therapeutics. As of May 2014, three products, ramucirumab (Cyramza®), siltuximab (Sylvant®) and vedolizumab (Entyvio™), had been granted first approvals in the United States, and four additional antibody therapeutics (secukinumab, dinutuximab, nivolumab, pembrolizumab) are undergoing regulatory review in either the US or the European Union. Other notable events include the start of first Phase 3 studies for seven antibody therapeutics (dupilumab, SA237, etrolizumab, MPDL3280A, bavituximab, clivatuzumab tetraxetan, blinatumomab). Relevant data for these product candidates are summarized, and metrics for antibody therapeutics development are discussed. PMID:24846335

Reichert, Janice M

2014-01-01

426

9649 forensic web watch--DNA in forensic science.  

PubMed

In 1923, within the Manual of Police technique, Edmond Locard published what is commonly known as the Doctrine of Exchange; a series of rules related to the exchange of trace evidence between the victim and offender. Although at the time of publication these rules principally applied to trace evidence related to print (for exchange finger print or shoeprint), fibre and blood, today one can add the very substance that defines each human being -- DNA. Since th first use of DNA evidence to help identify an offender in the Pitchfork Murders of 1986, the use of DNA within forensic science has developed from its humble days within a single experimental laboratory at the University of Leicester to a multi-million pound industry. It thus seams fitting that this forensic web watch should originate from the very University where the use of DNA in forensic science was conceived, drawing the readers attention to a number of sites which can be used as an introduction to the concept of the use of DNA in forensic science today. PMID:15704281

Bowyer, V L; Graham, E A M; Rutty, G N

2004-10-01

427

Spontaneous action representation in smokers when watching movie characters smoke.  

PubMed

Do smokers simulate smoking when they see someone else smoke? For regular smokers, smoking is such a highly practiced motor skill that it often occurs automatically, without conscious awareness. Research on the brain basis of action observation has delineated a frontoparietal network that is commonly recruited when people observe, plan, or imitate actions. Here, we investigated whether this action observation network would be preferentially recruited in smokers when viewing complex smoking cues, such as those occurring in motion pictures. Seventeen right-handed smokers and 17 nonsmokers watched a popular movie while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging. Using a natural stimulus, such as a movie, allowed us to keep both smoking and nonsmoking participants naive to the goals of the experiment. Brain activity evoked by movie scenes of smoking was contrasted with nonsmoking control scenes that were matched for frequency and duration. Compared with nonsmokers, smokers showed greater activity in left anterior intraparietal sulcus and inferior frontal gyrus, regions involved in the simulation of contralateral hand-based gestures, when viewing smoking versus control scenes. These results demonstrate that smokers spontaneously represent the action of smoking when viewing others smoke, the consequence of which may make it more difficult to abstain from smoking. PMID:21248113

Wagner, Dylan D; Dal Cin, Sonya; Sargent, James D; Kelley, William M; Heatherton, Todd F

2011-01-19

428

Confined quantum Zeno dynamics of a watched atomic arrow  

E-print Network

In a quantum world, a watched arrow never moves. This is the Quantum Zeno Effect (QZE). Repeatedly asking a quantum system "are you still in your initial state?" blocks its coherent evolution through measurement back-action. Quantum Zeno Dynamics (QZD) leaves more freedom to the system. Instead of pinning it to a single state, it sets a border in its evolution space. Repeatedly asking the system "did you cross the border?" makes it impenetrable. Since the border can be designed at will by choosing the measured observable, QZD allows one to tailor the system's evolution space. Recent proposals, particularly in the Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (CQED) context, highlight the interest of QZD for quantum state engineering tasks, which are the key to quantumenabled technologies and quantum information processing. We report the observation of QZD in the 51-dimension Hilbert space of a large angular momentum J = 25. Continuous selective interrogation limits the evolution of this angular momentum to an adjustable multi-dimensional subspace. This confined dynamics leads to the production of non-classical "Schr\\"odinger cat" states, quantum superpositions of angular momentums pointing in different directions. These states are promising for sensitive metrology of electric and magnetic fields. This QZD approach could be generalized to other systems, opening novel perspectives for quantum information processing.

Adrien Signoles; Adrien Facon; Dorian Grosso; Igor Dotsenko; Serge Haroche; Jean-Michel Raimond; Michel Brune; Sébastien Gleyzes

2014-05-06

429

Safety evaluation of interim stabilization of non-stabilized single-shell watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a summation of the status of safety issues associated with interim stabilization of Watch List SSTs (organic, ferrocyanide, and flammable gas), as extracted from recent safety analyses, including the Tank Farms Accelerated Safety Analysis efforts.

Stahl, S.M.

1994-12-30

430

76 FR 74788 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From HealthWatch, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment...from HealthWatch, Inc. of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of...

2011-12-01

431

33 CFR 157.420 - Vessel specific watch policy and procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...Without Double Hulls Carrying Petroleum Oils § 157.420 Vessel specific watch policy...each newly employed individual to receive essential information in a language the...

2010-07-01

432

Structural changes in the digestive lysosomal system of sentinel mussels as biomarkers of environmental stress in mussel-watch programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study has been carried out to validate the measure of structural changes in the digestive lysosomal system of sentinel mussels as biomarkers of environmental stress. Previous laboratory studies demonstrated that the digestive lysosomal system of molluscs reponds to a variety of pollutants and to different stress situations by exhibiting significant changes in its structure. Mussels were collected monthly

I. Marigómez; A. Orbea; I. Olabarrieta; M. Etxeberria; M. P. Cajaraville

1996-01-01

433

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Public Health (Health Visiting, School Nursing or District  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Public Health (Health Visiting, School Nursing or District Nursing) Award Postgraduate Diploma/MSc School School of Health of the Health Visitor, School Nurse or District Nurse in the new NHS is changing in response to the health

Weyde, Tillman

434

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Civil Engineering with Architecture, Civil Engineering with  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Civil Engineering with Architecture, Civil Engineering with Architecture with Industrial Placement Award BEng (Hons) School School Board of Moderators that includes the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Institution of Structural

Weyde, Tillman

435

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Civil Engineering with Architecture, Civil Engineering with  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Civil Engineering with Architecture, Civil Engineering with Architecture with Industrial Placement Award MEng (Hons) School School Board of Moderators that includes the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Institution of Structural

Weyde, Tillman

436

Watching you watching you  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of four parts. Part one is a written dialogue in which I respond to the words and the thoughts of the photographer, Diane Arbus. Through responding to Arbus' thoughts, I had hoped to make clear my own ...

Nagura, Hideji

1982-01-01

437

Effect of Watching 3-Dimensional Television on Refractive Error in Children  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the effect of watching 3-dimensional (3D) television (TV) on refractive error in children. Methods Sixty healthy volunteers, aged 6 to 12 years, without any ocular abnormalities other than refractive error were recruited for this study. They watched 3D TV for 50 minutes at a viewing distance of 2.8 meters. The image disparity of the 3D contents was from -1 to 1 degree. Refractive errors were measured both before and immediately after watching TV and were rechecked after a 10-minute rest period. The refractive errors before and after watching TV were compared. The amount of refractive change was also compared between myopes and controls. The refractive error of the participants who showed a myopic shift immediately after watching TV were compared across each time point to assure that the myopic shift persisted after a 10-minute rest. Results The mean age of the participants was 9.23 ± 1.75 years. The baseline manifest refractive error was -1.70 ± 1.79 (-5.50 to +1.25) diopters. The refractive errors immediately after watching and after a 10-minute rest were -1.75 ± 1.85 and -1.69 ± 1.80 diopters, respectively, which were not different from the baseline values. Myopic participants (34 participants), whose spherical equivalent was worse than -0.75 diopters, also did not show any significant refractive change after watching 3D TV. A myopic shift was observed in 31 participants with a mean score of 0.29 ± 0.23 diopters, which resolved after a 10-minute rest. Conclusions Watching properly made 3D content on a 3D TV for 50 minutes with a 10-minute intermission at more than 2.8 meters of viewing distance did not affect the refractive error of children. PMID:25646061

Kim, Seung-Hyun; Choi, Yong-Min; Han, Ji-Yoon; Nam, Gi-Tae; You, Eun-Joo; Cho, Yoonae A.

2015-01-01

438

Apple watch: has its time come? Charles Arthur for guardian.co.uk  

E-print Network

Watch", Tognazzini says that the product ­ which he thinks would link to an iPhone via Bluetooth ­ is probably more than a billion dollars per quarter on average. In the three months over Christmas, Apple sold 12.6. But as a controller accessory to an iPhone, an iWatch would be able to attract buyers who already have iPhones and i

South Bohemia, University of

439

THE RADIATION EXPOSURE OF THE POPULATION THROUGH LUMINOUS DIALS OF WATCHES AND CLOCKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counts on 38 clocks and watches revealed average radium equivalent ; contents of 0.12 mu g on big alarm-clocks, 0.08 mu g on travel alarm-clocks, ; 0.03 mu g on small alarmclocks, and 0.04 mu g on wrist watches. The radiation ; exposure of the owners was accordingly 0.15, 0.10, 0.05, and 0.06 mu r per hour. ; Counts and

W. Seelentag; E. Klotz

1959-01-01

440

Race\\/ethnicity and the receipt of watchful waiting for the initial management of prostate cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Several recent studies have noted that African Americans disproportionately receive “watchful waiting” for the initial management\\u000a of their prostate cancer. To determine whether racial\\/ethnic differences in the receipt of watchful waiting are explained\\u000a by differences in clinical presentation and life expectancy at the time of diagnosis, we examined Surveillance, Epidemiology,\\u000a and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data for men diagnosed with

Vickie L. Shavers; Martin L. Brown; Arnold L. Potosky; Carrie N. Klabunde; W. W. Davis; Judd W. Moul; Angela Fahey

2004-01-01

441

Optically programmable excitonic traps  

PubMed Central

With atomic systems, optically programmed trapping potentials have led to remarkable progress in quantum optics and quantum information science. Programmable trapping potentials could have a similar impact on studies of semiconductor quasi-particles, particularly excitons. However, engineering such potentials inside a semiconductor heterostructure remains an outstanding challenge and optical techniques have not yet achieved a high degree of control. Here, we synthesize optically programmable trapping potentials for indirect excitons of bilayer heterostructures. Our approach relies on the injection and spatial patterning of charges trapped in a field-effect device. We thereby imprint in-situ and on-demand electrostatic traps into which we optically inject cold and dense ensembles of excitons. This technique creates new opportunities to improve state-of-the-art technologies for the study of collective quantum behavior of excitons and also for the functionalisation of emerging exciton-based opto-electronic circuits. PMID:23546532

Alloing, Mathieu; Lemaître, Aristide; Galopin, Elisabeth; Dubin, François

2013-01-01

442

Programmable mechanical metamaterials.  

PubMed

We create mechanical metamaterials whose response to uniaxial compression can be programmed by lateral confinement, allowing monotonic, nonmonotonic, and hysteretic behavior. These functionalities arise from a broken rotational symmetry which causes highly nonlinear coupling of deformations along the two primary axes of these metamaterials. We introduce a soft mechanism model which captures the programmable mechanics, and outline a general design strategy for confined mechanical metamaterials. Finally, we show how inhomogeneous confinement can be explored to create multistability and giant hysteresis. PMID:25379923

Florijn, Bastiaan; Coulais, Corentin; van Hecke, Martin

2014-10-24

443

Punch card programmable microfluidics.  

PubMed

Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series of holes in punched paper tapes, we demonstrate independent control of 15 on-chip pumps with enhanced mixing, normally-closed valves and a novel on-demand impact-based droplet generator. We demonstrate robustness of operation by encoding a string of characters representing the word "PUNCHCARD MICROFLUIDICS" using the droplet generator. Multiplexing is demonstrated by implementing an example colorimetric water quality assays for pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate content in different water samples. With its portable and robust design, low cost and ease-of-use, we envision punch card programmable microfluidics will bring complex control of microfluidic chips into field-based applications in low-resource settings and in the hands of children around the world. PMID:25738834

Korir, George; Prakash, Manu

2015-01-01

444

Punch Card Programmable Microfluidics  

PubMed Central

Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series of holes in punched paper tapes, we demonstrate independent control of 15 on-chip pumps with enhanced mixing, normally-closed valves and a novel on-demand impact-based droplet generator. We demonstrate robustness of operation by encoding a string of characters representing the word “PUNCHCARD MICROFLUIDICS” using the droplet generator. Multiplexing is demonstrated by implementing an example colorimetric water quality assays for pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate content in different water samples. With its portable and robust design, low cost and ease-of-use, we envision punch card programmable microfluidics will bring complex control of microfluidic chips into field-based applications in low-resource settings and in the hands of children around the world. PMID:25738834

Korir, George; Prakash, Manu

2015-01-01

445

Programmable Mechanical Metamaterials  

E-print Network

We create mechanical metamaterials whose response to uniaxial compression can be programmed by lateral confinement, allowing monotonic, non-monotonic and hysteretic behavior. These functionalities arise from a broken rotational symmetry which causes highly nonlinear coupling of deformations along the two primary axes of these metamaterials. We introduce a soft mechanism model which captures the programmable mechanics, and outline a general design strategy for confined mechanical metamaterials. Finally, we show how inhomogeneous confinement can be explored to create multi stability and giant hysteresis.

Bastiaan Florijn; Corentin Coulais; Martin van Hecke

2014-07-17

446

Programmability in AIPS++  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AIPS++ is an Astronomical Information Processing System being designed and implemented by an international consortium of NRAO and six other radio astronomy institutions in Australia, India, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the USA. AIPS++ is intended to replace the functionality of AIPS, to be more easily programmable, and will be implemented in C++ using object-oriented techniques. Programmability in AIPS++ is planned at three levels. The first level will be that of a command-line interpreter with characteristics similar to IDL and PV-Wave, but with an intensive set of operations appropriate to telescope data handling, image formation, and image processing. The third level will be in C++ with extensive use of class libraries for both basic operations and advanced applications. The third level will allow input and output of data between external FORTRAN programs and AIPS++ telescope and image databases. In addition to summarizing the above programmability characteristics, this talk will given an overview of the classes currently being designed for telescope data calibration and editing, image formation, and the 'toolkit' of mathematical 'objects' that will perform most of the processing in AIPS++.

Hjellming, R. M.

1992-01-01

447

Programmable matter by folding  

PubMed Central

Programmable matter is a material whose properties can be programmed to achieve specific shapes or stiffnesses upon command. This concept requires constituent elements to interact and rearrange intelligently in order to meet the goal. This paper considers achieving programmable sheets that can form themselves in different shapes autonomously by folding. Past approaches to creating transforming machines have been limited by the small feature sizes, the large number of components, and the associated complexity of communication among the units. We seek to mitigate these difficulties through the unique concept of self-folding origami with universal crease patterns. This approach exploits a single sheet composed of interconnected triangular sections. The sheet is able to fold into a set of predetermined shapes using embedded actuation. To implement this self-folding origami concept, we have developed a scalable end-to-end planning and fabrication process. Given a set of desired objects, the system computes an optimized design for a single sheet and multiple controllers to achieve each of the desired objects. The material, called programmable matter by folding, is an example of a system capable of achieving multiple shapes for multiple functions. PMID:20616049

Hawkes, E.; An, B.; Benbernou, N. M.; Tanaka, H.; Kim, S.; Demaine, E. D.; Rus, D.; Wood, R. J.

2010-01-01

448

Los Angeles Times: Cameras to Keep Watch in Hollywood http://www.latimes.com/news/yahoo/la-me-watching28oct28,1,87494.story  

E-print Network

will train their electronic eyes on one of the world's most famous -- and infamous -- streets as early will find the personnel to watch the cameras, and how the city will ensure that the sophisticated devices as crime plummeted, gangs, drug dealers and pimps disappeared, and families with children began returning

Redmiles, David F.

449

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This column will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter the focus is on some experimental data on low voltage drop out regulators to support mixed 5 and 3.3 volt systems. A discussion of the Small Explorer WIRE spacecraft will also be given. Lastly, we show take a first look at robust state machines in Hardware Description Languages (VHDL) and their use in critical systems. If you have information that you would like to submit or an area you would like discussed or researched, please give me a call or e-mail.

Katz, Richard

1999-01-01

450

Flexible programmable logic module  

DOEpatents

The circuit module of this invention is a VME board containing a plurality of programmable logic devices (PLDs), a controlled impedance clock tree, and interconnecting buses. The PLDs are arranged to permit systolic processing of a problem by offering wide data buses and a plurality of processing nodes. The board contains a clock reference and clock distribution tree that can drive each of the PLDs with two critically timed clock references. External clock references can be used to drive additional circuit modules all operating from the same synchronous clock reference.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Hutchinson, Robert L. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierson, Lyndon G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01

451

NASCAP programmer's reference manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Charging Analyzer Program (NASCAP) is a computer program designed to model the electrostatic charging of complicated three-dimensional objects, both in a test tank and at geosynchronous altitudes. This document is a programmer's reference manual and user's guide. It is designed as a reference to experienced users of the code, as well as an introduction to its use for beginners. All of the many capabilities of NASCAP are covered in detail, together with examples of their use. These include the definition of objects, plasma environments, potential calculations, particle emission and detection simulations, and charging analysis.

Mandell, M. J.; Stannard, P. R.; Katz, I.

1993-01-01

452

A programmable Fortran preprocessor  

SciTech Connect

A programmable Fortran preprocessor is described. It allows users to define compile time operations that can examine and modify the source tree before it is compiled with a traditional compiler. This intermediate step allows the definition of routines and operations that adapt to the context in which they are used. Context sensitive operations increase the flexibility of abstractions that can be built without degrading efficiency, as compared to using traditional run time based abstractions such as libraries or objects. The preprocessor is described briefly along with an example of how it is used to add CMFortran array operations to Fortran77. Other preprocessors that have been implemented are also briefly described.

Rosing, M.

1995-06-01

453

Electrically-programmable diffraction grating  

DOEpatents

An electrically-programmable diffraction grating. The programmable grating includes a substrate having a plurality of electrodes formed thereon and a moveable grating element above each of the electrodes. The grating elements are electrostatically programmable to form a diffraction grating for diffracting an incident beam of light as it is reflected from the upper surfaces of the grating elements. The programmable diffraction grating, formed by a micromachining process, has applications for optical information processing (e.g. optical correlators and computers), for multiplexing and demultiplexing a plurality of light beams of different wavelengths (e.g. for optical fiber communications), and for forming spectrometers (e.g. correlation and scanning spectrometers).

Ricco, Antonio J. (Albuquerque, NM); Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM); Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); Senturia, Stephen D. (Brookline, MA)

1998-01-01

454

Programmable digital modem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of the Programmable Digital Modem (PDM) is outlined. The PDM will be capable of operating with numerous modulation techniques including: 2-, 4-, 8- and 16-ary phase shift keying (PSK), minimum shift keying (MSK), and 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), with spectral occupancy from 1.2x to 2x the data symbol rate. It will also be programmable for transmission rates ranging from 2.34 to 300 Mbit/s, where the maximum symbol rate is 75 Msymbol/s. Furthermore, these parameters will be executable in independent burst, dependent burst, or continuous mode. In dependent burst mode the carrier and clock oscillator sources are common from burst to burst. To achieve as broad a set of requirements as these, it is clear that the essential signal processing must be digital. In addition, to avoid hardware changes when the operational parameters are changed, a fixed interface to an analog intermediate frequency (IF) is necessary for transmission; and, common system level architectures are necessary for the modulator and demodulator. Lastly, to minimize size and power, as much of the design as possible will be implemented with application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chips.

Poklemba, John J.

1991-01-01

455

Copernicus Earth observation programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

European Earth observation program Copernicus is an EU-wide programme that integrates satellite data, in-situ data and modeling to provide user-focused information services to support policymakers, researchers, businesses and citizens. Land monitoring service and Emergency service are fully operational already, Atmosphere monitoring service and Marine environment monitoring service are preoperational and will become fully operational in the following year, while Climate change service and Security service are in an earlier development phase. New series of a number of dedicated satellite missions will be launched in the following years, operated by the European Space Agency and EUMETSAT, starting with Sentinel 1A satellite early this year. Ground based, air-borne and sea-borne in-situ data are provided by different international networks and organizations, EU member states networks etc. European Union is devoting a particular attention to secure a sustainable long-term operational provision of the services. Copernicus is also stated as a European Union’s most important contribution to Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The status and the recent development of the Copernicus programme will be presented, together with its future perspective. As Copernicus services have already demonstrated their usability and effectiveness, some interesting cases of their deployment will be presented. Copernicus free and open data policy, supported by a recently adopted EU legislative act, will also be presented.

Žlebir, Silvo

456

Programmability of nanowire networks.  

PubMed

Electrical connectivity in networks of nanoscale junctions must be better understood if nanowire devices are to be scaled up from single wires to functional material systems. We show that the natural connectivity behaviour found in random nanowire networks presents a new paradigm for creating multi-functional, programmable materials. In devices made from networks of Ni/NiO core-shell nanowires at different length scales, we discover the emergence of distinct behavioural regimes when networks are electrically stressed. We show that a small network, with few nanowire-nanowire junctions, acts as a unipolar resistive switch, demonstrating very high ON/OFF current ratios (>10(5)). However, large networks of nanowires distribute an applied bias across a large number of junctions, and thus respond not by switching but instead by evolving connectivity. We demonstrate that these emergent properties lead to fault-tolerant materials whose resistance may be tuned, and which are capable of adaptively reconfiguring under stress. By combining these two behavioural regimes, we demonstrate that the same nanowire network may be programmed to act both as a metallic interconnect, and a resistive switch device with high ON/OFF ratio. These results enable the fabrication of programmable, multi-functional materials from random nanowire networks. PMID:24990707

Bellew, A T; Bell, A P; McCarthy, E K; Fairfield, J A; Boland, J J

2014-08-21

457

Nottingham Trent University Programme Specification Basic Programme Information  

E-print Network

1 Nottingham Trent University Programme Specification Basic Programme Information 1 Awarding Institution: Nottingham Trent University 2 School/Campus: School of Arts and Humanities 3 Final Award, the Broadcast Journalism Training Council (BJTC) in 1998. Since then it has had continuous accreditation

Evans, Paul

458

New indicators for global crop monitoring in CropWatch -case study in North China Plain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CropWatch is a monitoring system developed and operated by the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (Chinese Academy of Sciences) to provide global-scale crop information. Now in its 15th year of operation, CropWatch was modified several times to be a timely, comprehensive and independent global agricultural monitoring system using advanced remote sensing technology. Currently CropWatch is being upgraded with new indicators based on new sensors, especially those on board of China Environmental Satellite (HJ-1 CCD), the Medium Resolution Spectral Imager (MERSI) on Chinese meteorological satellite (FY-3A) and cloud classification products of FY-2. With new satellite data, CropWatch will generate new indicators such as fallow land ratio (FLR), crop condition for irrigated (CCI) and non-irrigated (CCNI) areas separately, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), radiation use efficiency for the photosynthetically active radiation (RUEPAR) and cropping index (CI) with crop rotation information (CRI). In this paper, the methods for monitoring the new indicators are applied to the North China Plain which is one of the major grain producing areas in China. This paper shows the preliminary results of the new indicators and methods; they still need to be thoroughly validated before being incorporated into the operational CropWatch system. In the future, the new and improved indicators will help us to better understand the global situation of food security.

Bingfang, Wu; Miao, Zhang; Hongwei, Zeng; Guoshui, Liu; Sheng, Chang; Gommes, René

2014-03-01

459

Fast Flux Watch: A mechanism for online detection of fast flux networks  

PubMed Central

Fast flux networks represent a special type of botnets that are used to provide highly available web services to a backend server, which usually hosts malicious content. Detection of fast flux networks continues to be a challenging issue because of the similar behavior between these networks and other legitimate infrastructures, such as CDNs and server farms. This paper proposes Fast Flux Watch (FF-Watch), a mechanism for online detection of fast flux agents. FF-Watch is envisioned to exist as a software agent at leaf routers that connect stub networks to the Internet. The core mechanism of FF-Watch is based on the inherent feature of fast flux networks: flux agents within stub networks take the role of relaying client requests to point-of-sale websites of spam campaigns. The main idea of FF-Watch is to correlate incoming TCP connection requests to flux agents within a stub network with outgoing TCP connection requests from the same agents to the point-of-sale website. Theoretical and traffic trace driven analysis shows that the proposed mechanism can be utilized to efficiently detect fast flux agents within a stub network. PMID:25685515

Al-Duwairi, Basheer N.; Al-Hammouri, Ahmad T.

2014-01-01

460

Fast Flux Watch: A mechanism for online detection of fast flux networks.  

PubMed

Fast flux networks represent a special type of botnets that are used to provide highly available web services to a backend server, which usually hosts malicious content. Detection of fast flux networks continues to be a challenging issue because of the similar behavior between these networks and other legitimate infrastructures, such as CDNs and server farms. This paper proposes Fast Flux Watch (FF-Watch), a mechanism for online detection of fast flux agents. FF-Watch is envisioned to exist as a software agent at leaf routers that connect stub networks to the Internet. The core mechanism of FF-Watch is based on the inherent feature of fast flux networks: flux agents within stub networks take the role of relaying client requests to point-of-sale websites of spam campaigns. The main idea of FF-Watch is to correlate incoming TCP connection requests to flux agents within a stub network with outgoing TCP connection requests from the same agents to the point-of-sale website. Theoretical and traffic trace driven analysis shows that the proposed mechanism can be utilized to efficiently detect fast flux agents within a stub network. PMID:25685515

Al-Duwairi, Basheer N; Al-Hammouri, Ahmad T

2014-07-01

461

Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults  

PubMed Central

Background Television (TV) viewing has been associated with obesity although the effects of specific TV content on health and other behaviours remains unknown. We examined the association between watching sport on TV, physical activity levels, and risk of obesity. Methods We studied 6,733 (aged 64.9?±?9.2 yrs) men and women from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a prospective study of community dwelling older adults. Data were collected on self reported TV time and content, and physical activity. Nurses measured height and weight for the calculation of body mass index. Results On average, participants reported viewing TV for 5.3?±?4.1 hours per day and 30.3% of the sample watched sport on TV at least twice a week. There was no association between watching sport and physical activity levels. Participants that watched sports every day were at higher risk of obesity [odds ratio?=?1.39, 95% CI, 1.15, 1.68) after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, total TV time, disability, and self-rated health. Conclusions Watching elite athletes may have no role in the promotion of physical activity in older adults, which has implications for staging large sporting events with physical activity legacy promises. PMID:24400697

2014-01-01

462

Promoting interdisciplinary education - the Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems (DK-WRS) is a programme that aims to educate students in interdisciplinary water science through cutting edge research at an international level. It is funded by the Austrian Science Fund and designed to run over a period of 12 yr during which 80 doctoral students are anticipated to graduate. This paper reports on our experiences of setting up and implementing the Programme. We identify three challenges: integrating the disciplines, maintaining depth in an interdisciplinary programme, and teaching subjects remote to each student's core expertise. To address these challenges we adopted a number of approaches. We use three levels of instruments to foster integration across the disciplines: joint groups (e.g. a joint study programme), joint science questions (e.g. developed in annual symposia), and joint study sites. To maintain depth we apply a system of quality control including regular feedback sessions, theses by journal publications and international study exchange. For simultaneously teaching students from civil and environmental engineering, biology, geology, chemistry, mathematics we use visually explicit teaching, learning by doing, extra mentoring and by cross relating associated subjects. Our initial assessment of the Programme shows some very positive outcomes. Joint science questions formed between students from various disciplines indicate integration is being achieved. The number of successful publications in top journals suggests that depth is maintained. Positive feedback from the students on the variety and clarity of the courses indicates the teaching strategy is working well. Our experiences have shown that implementing and running an interdisciplinary doctoral programme has its challenges and is demanding in terms of time and human resources but seeing interactions progress and watching people grow and develop their way of thinking in an interdisciplinary environment is a valuable reward.

Blöschl, G.; Carr, G.; Bucher, C.; Farnleitner, A. H.; Rechberger, H.; Wagner, W.; Zessner, M.

2011-11-01

463

Promoting interdisciplinary education - the Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna Doctoral Programme on Water Resource Systems (DK-WRS) is a programme that aims to educate students in interdisciplinary water science through cutting edge research at an international level. It is funded by the Austrian Science Fund and designed to run over a period of 12 yr during which 80 doctoral students are anticipated to graduate. This paper reports on our experiences of setting up and implementing the Programme. We identify three challenges: integrating the disciplines, maintaining depth in an interdisciplinary programme, and teaching subjects remote to each student's core expertise. To address these challenges we adopt a number of approaches. We use three levels of instruments to foster integration across the disciplines: joint groups (e.g. a joint study programme), joint science questions (e.g. developed in annual symposia), and joint study sites. To maintain depth we apply a system of quality control including regular feedback sessions, theses by journal publications and international study exchange. For simultaneously teaching students from civil and environmental engineering, biology, geology, chemistry, mathematics we use visually explicit teaching, learning by doing, extra mentoring and by cross relating associated subjects. Our initial assessment of the Programme shows some very positive outcomes. Joint science questions formed between students from various disciplines indicate integration is being achieved. The number of successful publications in top journals suggests that depth is maintained. Positive feedback from the students on the variety and clarity of the courses indicates the teaching strategy is working well. Our experiences have shown that implementing and running an interdisciplinary doctoral programme has its challenges and is demanding in terms of time and human resources but seeing interactions progress and watching people grow and develop their way of thinking in an interdisciplinary environment is a valuable reward.

Blöschl, G.; Carr, G.; Bucher, C.; Farnleitner, A. H.; Rechberger, H.; Wagner, W.; Zessner, M.

2012-02-01

464

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

Miall, Chris

465

General purpose programmable accelerator board  

DOEpatents

A general purpose accelerator board and acceleration method comprising use of: one or more programmable logic devices; a plurality of memory blocks; bus interface for communicating data between the memory blocks and devices external to the board; and dynamic programming capabilities for providing logic to the programmable logic device to be executed on data in the memory blocks.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01

466

ERASMUS MUNDUS MASTER'S PROGRAMME IN  

E-print Network

, Sweden (kth) Aalto University, Finland (Aalto) técnico Lisboa, Portugal (ISt) Partner universities an excellent education with a spearheaded competence profile, participating in this programme provides-quality European education to attract the best students from all over the world. The programmes are offered

Lagergren, Jens

467

Designing effective employee training programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the elements of a successful employee training programme. Explains the distinction between training and education, along with a discussion of why “soft skills” training initiatives are less effective than skills-based approaches. Discusses the critical role of the training manager in implementing a training programme, as well as important considerations when developing a strategic training plan. Finally, describes several key

Aaron W. Hughey; Kenneth J. Mussnug

1997-01-01

468

Programmable Logic Controllers. Teacher Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials were developed for a seven-unit secondary or postsecondary education course on programmable logic controllers (PLCs) that treats most of the skills needed to work effectively with PLCs as programming skills. The seven units of the course cover the following topics: fundamentals of programmable logic controllers; contracts, timers,…

Rauh, Bob; Kaltwasser, Stan

469

Masters programmes in environmental subjects  

E-print Network

Masters programmes in environmental subjects and tourism Work placements, field trips and guest postgraduate community in the university town of Dumfries #12;The University of Glasgow Founded in 1451 programmes in environmental subjects and tourism are based at the Dumfries Campus, two hours from Glasgow

Guo, Zaoyang

470

Programme Specification 1. General Information  

E-print Network

of the Textiles programme and underpin all the specialisms of Print, Knit, Mixed Media and Weave. 3. Educational of the creative, sociological, cultural, commercial and sustainable context of textiles; · encourage students and intelligently; · encourage involvement with the postgraduate culture of the College as a whole. #12;Programme

Subramanian, Sriram

471

Japan's Eco-School Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1997, several ministries in Japan have collaborated on an eco-school programme, which applies to both newly constructed and renovated school buildings, in an effort to make its schools more environmentally friendly. The programme equips school buildings with ecological features such as photovoltaic cells, solar thermal collectors, other new…

Mori, Masayuki

2007-01-01

472

New current reduction system for watches with integrated current regulation motors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An optimized system, comprising watch motor and an Integrated Current (IC) with motor current regulation enables a reduction of the system current (IC and motor) up to 50% when compared to a solution with no motor current regulation. This leads to a significantly longer battery life, or alternatively permits the development of even flatter modules, and reduces the noise level. This kind of system improvement is not only applicable to watches, but also to clocks (IC with motor current regulation). However only watch applications are considered. In order to cover the complete spectrum of application areas, two algorithms are offered for motor current regulation. These can for example supply the means to system optimization for 1.5 V and 3 V applications.

Lehmann, Stephan

473

Programmable ferroelectric tunnel memristor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report an analogously programmable memristor based on genuine electronic resistive switching combining ferroelectric switching and electron tunneling. The tunnel current through an 8 unit cell thick epitaxial Pb(Zr[0.2]Ti[0.8])O[3] film sandwiched between La[0.7]Sr[0.3]MnO[3] and cobalt electrodes obeys the Kolmogorov-Avrami-Ishibashi model for bidimensional growth with a characteristic switching time in the order of 10^-7 seconds. The analytical description of switching kinetics allows us to develop a characteristic transfer function that has only one parameter viz. the characteristic switching time and fully predicts the resistive states of this type of memristor.

Quindeau, Andy; Hesse, Dietrich; Alexe, Marin

2014-02-01

474

Programmability of nanowire networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electrical connectivity in networks of nanoscale junctions must be better understood if nanowire devices are to be scaled up from single wires to functional material systems. We show that the natural connectivity behaviour found in random nanowire networks presents a new paradigm for creating multi-functional, programmable materials. In devices made from networks of Ni/NiO core-shell nanowires at different length scales, we discover the emergence of distinct behavioural regimes when networks are electrically stressed. We show that a small network, with few nanowire-nanowire junctions, acts as a unipolar resistive switch, demonstrating very high ON/OFF current ratios (>105). However, large networks of nanowires distribute an applied bias across a large number of junctions, and thus respond not by switching but instead by evolving connectivity. We demonstrate that these emergent properties lead to fault-tolerant materials whose resistance may be tuned, and which are capable of adaptively reconfiguring under stress. By combining these two behavioural regimes, we demonstrate that the same nanowire network may be programmed to act both as a metallic interconnect, and a resistive switch device with high ON/OFF ratio. These results enable the fabrication of programmable, multi-functional materials from random nanowire networks.Electrical connectivity in networks of nanoscale junctions must be better understood if nanowire devices are to be scaled up from single wires to functional material systems. We show that the natural connectivity behaviour found in random nanowire networks presents a new paradigm for creating multi-functional, programmable materials. In devices made from networks of Ni/NiO core-shell nanowires at different length scales, we discover the emergence of distinct behavioural regimes when networks are electrically stressed. We show that a small network, with few nanowire-nanowire junctions, acts as a unipolar resistive switch, demonstrating very high ON/OFF current ratios (>105). However, large networks of nanowires distribute an applied bias across a large number of junctions, and thus respond not by switching but instead by evolving connectivity. We demonstrate that these emergent properties lead to fault-tolerant materials whose resistance may be tuned, and which are capable of adaptively reconfiguring under stress. By combining these two behavioural regimes, we demonstrate that the same nanowire network may be programmed to act both as a metallic interconnect, and a resistive switch device with high ON/OFF ratio. These results enable the fabrication of programmable, multi-functional materials from random nanowire networks. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Nanowire statistics (length, diameter statistics, and oxide thickness) are provided. Forming curves for single junctions and networks. Passive voltage contrast image demonstrating selectivity of conductive pathways in 100 ?m network. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr02338b

Bellew, A. T.; Bell, A. P.; McCarthy, E. K.; Fairfield, J. A.; Boland, J. J.

2014-07-01

475

GCS programmer's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A variety of instructions to be used in the development of implementations of software for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project is described. This document fulfills the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics RTCA/DO-178A guidelines, 'Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification' requirements for document No. 4, which specifies the information necessary for understanding and programming the host computer, and document No. 12, which specifies the software design and implementation standards that are applicable to the software development and testing process. Information on the following subjects is contained: activity recording, communication protocol, coding standards, change management, error handling, design standards, problem reporting, module testing logs, documentation formats, accuracy requirements, and programmer responsibilities.

Lowman, Douglas S.; Withers, B. Edward; Shagnea, Anita M.; Dent, Leslie A.; Hayhurst, Kelly J.

1990-01-01

476

Programmable Cadence Timer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electronic metronome paces users through wide range of exercise routines. Conceptual programmable cadence timer provides rhythmic aural and visual cues. Timer automatically changes cadence according to program entered by the user. It also functions as clock, stopwatch, or alarm. Modular pacer operated as single unit or as two units. With audiovisual module moved away from base module, user concentrates on exercise cues without distraction from information appearing on the liquid-crystal display. Variety of uses in rehabilitative medicine, experimental medicine, sports, and gymnastics. Used in intermittent positive-pressure breathing treatment, in which patient must rhythmically inhale and retain medication delivered under positive pressure; and in incentive spirometer treatment, in which patient must inhale maximally at regular intervals.

Hall, William A.; Gilbert, John

1990-01-01

477

21 CFR 870.3700 - Pacemaker programmers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Pacemaker programmers. 870.3700 Section 870...Cardiovascular Prosthetic Devices § 870.3700 Pacemaker programmers. (a) Identification. A pacemaker programmer is a device used to...

2011-04-01

478

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Biomedical Engineering/ Biomedical Engineering with  

E-print Network

, radiation physics, respiratory and cardiovascular measurements and medical imaging. The Programme consists, and physiological monitoring systems based on the teaching and research strengths of the field; develop the ability with a variety of educational backgrounds to benefit from the programme, irrespective of race, background, gender

Weyde, Tillman

479

78 FR 26770 - NaturEner Wind Watch, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Commission [Docket No. ER13-1368-000] NaturEner Wind Watch, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate...notice in the above-referenced proceeding of NaturEner Wind Watch, LLC's application for market-based rate authority,...

2013-05-08

480

Naturally Occurring Changes in Time Spent Watching Television Are Inversely Related to Frequency of Physical Activity during Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between changes in time spent watching television and playing video games with frequency of leisure-time physical activity across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls (N=4594). Latent growth modelling indicated that a decrease in time spent watching television was associated with…

Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Birnbaum, Amanda S.; Lytle, Leslie A.

2006-01-01

481

46 CFR 12.609 - Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as rating forming part of an engineering watch...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...qualify for an STCW endorsement as rating forming part of an engineering watch (RFPEW). 12.609 Section 12.609 Shipping...qualify for an STCW endorsement as rating forming part of an engineering watch (RFPEW). (a) To qualify for an STCW...

2014-10-01

482

USDA Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Worm Watching-Grades PreK-1: T-1  

E-print Network

USDA ­ Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Worm Watching-Grades PreK-1: T-1 Worm Watching. Materials 1. One-gallon glass jar with holes in the lid 2. Loose soil (preferably top soil) 3. Handful in minerals after they have been through the worm's digestive system. The average earthworm produces its own

Mathis, Wayne N.

483

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global  

E-print Network

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC-Watch FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming Tags: Canada, Recycling, Certifier conflict of interest undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming in Pine Falls to manufacture paper with some

484

Satellite environmental monitoring of the Great Lakes - A review of NOAA's Great Lakes CoastWatch Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial products of the CoastWatch program have taken the form of surface water temperature images derived from the NOAA AVHRR satellite data and made accessible within hours of acquisition. Preliminary analyses of these images have shown excellent correlation with in situ weather buoy measurements. A comprehensive account is presently given of the products and services of the CoastWatch system,

G. A. Leshkevich; D. J. Schwab; G. C. Muhr

1993-01-01

485

[Performance indicators in screening programmes].  

PubMed

Breast, colorectal and cervical cancer screening programmes make it possible to decrease the population mortality rates of these diseases. How-ever, complex standards of the quality of care must be introduced and followed in order to maintain a favourable ratio between the benefits and risks arising from population-wide screening programmes. Such programmes should be organized and population-based, ensuring that quality control is performed at all levels. This review introduces the system of quality control in the Czech cancer screening programmes, and provides specific examples of performance indicators that are usable and/ or being used in these programmes. Cancer screening programmes in the Czech Republic are equipped with a comprehensive information background which involves monitoring of the cancer burden in the population, monitoring of the screening process based on clinical data, and monitoring of the screening process based on administrative data. In particular, the specific performance indicators describe the success rate of take?up of the target population, ability of the screening test to reveal (sensitivity) or to exclude (specificity) the screened condition, correct employment of subsequent diagnostic methods or treatment of detected cancers or precancerous lesions where applicable. In the Czech breast cancer screening programme, these indicators are routinely used in order to monitor the individual centres; in both colorectal and cervical cancer screening programmes, these indicators are used to monitor the entire programme, whereas the system of quality control for individual centres is under continuous development. A project of personalized invitations was launched in 2014, and its results are regularly evaluated in cooperation with the Czech National Reference Centre and the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic. PMID:25494895

Májek, O; Ngo, O; Daneš, J; Zavoral, M; Dvo?ák, V; Klimeš, D; Dušek, L

2014-01-01

486

Automatic TLI recognition system, programmer`s guide  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the software of an automatic target recognition system (version 14), from a programmer`s point of view. The intent is to provide information that will help people who wish to modify the software. In separate volumes are a general description of the ATR system, Automatic TLI Recognition System, General Description, and a user`s manual, Automatic TLI Recognition System, User`s Guide. 2 refs.

Lassahn, G.D.

1997-02-01

487

ESO's Astronomy Education Programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, has operated a programme of astronomy education for some years, with a dedicated Educational Office established in 2001. We organise a range of activities, which we will highlight and discuss in this presentation. Many are run in collaboration with the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE), such as the "Catch a Star!" competition for schools, now in its fourth year. A new endeavour is the ALMA Interdisciplinary Teaching Project (ITP). In conjunction with the EAAE, we are creating a set of interdisciplinary teaching materials based around the Atacama Large Millimeter Array project. The unprecedented astronomical observations planned with ALMA, as well as the uniqueness of its site high in the Atacama Desert, offer excellent opportunities for interdisciplinary teaching that also encompass physics, engineering, earth sciences, life sciences, and culture. Another ongoing project in which ESO takes part is the "Science on Stage" European science education festival, organised by the EIROforum - the group of seven major European Intergovernmental Research Organisations, of which ESO is a member. This is part of the European Science Teaching Initiative, along with Science in School, a newly-launched European journal for science educators. Overviews of these projects will be given, including results and lessons learnt. We will also discuss possibilities for a future European Astronomy Day project, as a new initiative for European-wide public education.

Pierce-Price, D. P. I.; Boffin, H.; Madsen, C.

2006-08-01

488

Forest Peoples Programme  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Almost all of the forests that cover the Earth are inhabited. Despite this fact, the forest policies of most countries regard the forest land as empty and exploitable. Additionally, some conservation projects that hope to establish wildlife preserves also deny the rights of forest people. The website of the Forest Peoples Programme, a 20-year-old British based-group, offers insight into what they do, their "publications and reports", "how to donate", and an e-newsletter in English, Portuguese, and French that is published every two months. The "What We Do" option in the menu across the top of the page has numerous sections to show visitors "Strategies", "Success Stories", and "Themes of Work". Some of the "Themes of Work" include "Environmental Governance", "Legal and Human Rights Support", "Extractive Industries", and "Intellectual Property Rights". There are dozens of publications available free online, or visitors can also order hard copies for a fee. The purpose of the publications is to "influence debate, support legal interventions and inform peoples internationally".

489

Scientific Programme Committee  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific Programme Committee A. Blondel, University of Geneva A. Cervera, IFIC M. Dracos, IN2P3 I. Efhymiopoulos, CERN J. Ellis, CERN S. Geer, FNAL R. Garoby, CERN M. Goodman, ANL D. Harris, FNAL T. Hasegawa, KEK P. Huber, Virginia Tech. D. Kaplan, IIT Y.D. Kim, Sejong University H. Kirk, BNL Y. Kuno, Osaka University K. Long, Imperial College N.K. Mondal, TIFR J. Morfin, FNAL Y. Mori, Kyoto University K. Nishikawa, KEK V. Palladino, University of Napoli C. Prior, RAL F.J.P. Soler, University of Glasgow J. Strait, FNAL R. Svoboda, University of California Davis F. Terranova, LN Frascati M. Zisman, LBNL Local Organizing Committee E. Benedetto, CERN/NTUA C. Blanchard, University of Geneva A. Blondel, University of Geneva (co-chair) I. Efthymiopoulos, CERN (co-chair) F. Dufour, University of Geneva F. Girard-Madoux, CERN E. Gschwendtner, CERN A. Korzenev, University of Geneva M. Morer-Olafsen, CERN S. Murphy, University of Geneva G. Prior, CERN G. Wikström, University of Geneva E. Wildner, CERN Sponsors EuCARD European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) Swiss Institute for Particle Physics (CHIPP) University of Geneva

2013-02-01

490

Programmable electronic synthesized capacitance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A predetermined and variable synthesized capacitance which may be incorporated into the resonant portion of an electronic oscillator for the purpose of tuning the oscillator comprises a programmable operational amplifier circuit. The operational amplifier circuit has its output connected to its inverting input, in a follower configuration, by a network which is low impedance at the operational frequency of the circuit. The output of the operational amplifier is also connected to the noninverting input by a capacitor. The noninverting input appears as a synthesized capacitance which may be varied with a variation in gain-bandwidth product of the operational amplifier circuit. The gain-bandwidth product may, in turn, be varied with a variation in input set current with a digital to analog converter whose output is varied with a command word. The output impedance of the circuit may also be varied by the output set current. This circuit may provide very small ranges in oscillator frequency with relatively large control voltages unaffected by noise.

Kleinberg, Leonard L. (inventor)

1987-01-01

491

Digital Earth Watch And Picture Post Network: Measuring The Environment Through Digital Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital Earth Watch (DEW) involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. The program offers people the means to join the Picture Post network and to study and analyze their own findings using DEW software. A Picture Post is an easy-to-use and inexpensive platform for repeatedly taking digital photographs as

A. L. Schloss; J. Beaudry; F. Carrera; J. Pickle

2010-01-01

492

The Dalles Lock and Dam welcomes raptor (and human) visitors during Eagle Watch 2013  

E-print Network

The Dalles Lock and Dam welcomes raptor (and human) visitors during Eagle Watch 2013 By Amber Tilton, The Dalles Lock and Dam park ranger Nestled between Oregon and Washington is the Columbia River District operates three dams on the Columbia River where visitors and employees alike often spot America

US Army Corps of Engineers

493

Female zebra finches prefer unfamiliar males but not when watching noninteractive video  

E-print Network

Female zebra finches prefer unfamiliar males but not when watching noninteractive video JOHN P video presented on flat thin-film transistor (TFT) monitors can be used in zebra finch mate choice studies. Specifically, we tested whether female finches prefer their pair-bonded male over an unfamiliar

Swaddle, John

494

People love watching TV and going to the movies. This is great news for multimedia  

E-print Network

People love watching TV and going to the movies. This is great news for multimedia researchers the con- sumer market for real-world applications to quickly grow out of our research tools. For the last several years, researchers have explored how to extract content from the visual, audio, and transcript

Zimmerman, John

495

Car Riding Behavior in Television Programs Watched by Adolescents in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for adolescents in the United States and a leading cause of death for adolescents around the world. This exploratory study used quantitative content analysis to assess car riding behavior messages in television programs popular with adolescents. The sample included three randomly selected episodes from the top 15 television programs watched

Jennifer A. Manganello; Amit G. Chauhan

2011-01-01

496

BusView and Transit Watch: an Update on Two Products from the  

E-print Network

1 BusView and Transit Watch: an Update on Two Products from the Seattle SMART TREK Model Deployment Trek model deployment, two new applications where created to provide real-time transit information. The two venues where transit riders need information are (1) on the desktop and (2) at the transit center

497

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High-performing middle schools are a critical link in the educational continuum. In an effort to stimulate the sluggish reform efforts of middle schools, the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform established the Schools to Watch recognition program. Using responses of school personnel to a statewide survey, this study examined the perceived level of implementation of key tenets of the middle school concept as outlined by This We Believe: Successful Schools for Young Adolescents (National Middle School Association, 2003) in schools designated Kentucky Schools to Watch as compared to nondesignated schools. Additionally, the study reviewed the academic performance of Kentucky's middle schools on the Kentucky Core Content Test to determine whether the schools identified as Kentucky Schools to Watch experienced higher levels of student academic achievement. Results indicated a slightly higher perceived level of implementation of key tenets of the middle school concept in Kentucky's Schools to Watch and revealed overall higher levels of academic achievement as measured by the Kentucky Core Content Test.

Christopher M. Cook

2009-01-01

498

Storage-based Intrusion Detection: Watching storage activity for suspicious behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storage-based intrusion detection allows storage systems to watch for data modifications characteristic of system in- trusions. This enables storage systems to spot several com- mon intruder actions, such as adding backdoors, inserting Trojan horses, and tampering with audit logs. Further, an intrusion detection system (IDS) embedded in a storage device continues to operate even after client systems are compromised. This

Adam G. Pennington; John D. Strunk; John Linwood Griffin; Craig A. N. Soules; Garth R. Goodson; Gregory R. Ganger

2003-01-01

499

Folklore in Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zora Neale Hurston's work is lively, lyrical, funny, and poignant, but this consummate literary craftsperson was also a first-rate ethnographer, conducting field work for Franz Boas and for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). "Their Eyes Were Watching God," often acclaimed as Hurston's masterpiece, is perhaps the richest beneficiary of her…

2002

500

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-performing middle schools are a critical link in the educational continuum. In an effort to stimulate the sluggish reform efforts of middle schools, the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform established the Schools to Watch recognition program. Using responses of school personnel to a statewide survey, this study examined the…

Cook, Christopher M.; Faulkner, Shawn A.; Kinne, Lenore J.

2009-01-01