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1

The first VOC intercomparison exercise within the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2003 the World Calibration Centre for volatile organic compounds (WCC-VOC) which forms part of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program coordinated the first comprehensive intercomparison exercise among the GAW-VOC community. The intercomparison focused on a synthetic C 2-C 11 VOC standard mixture in nitrogen (N 2) and involved nine different stations/laboratories (10 instruments) from seven countries (Brazil, Canada [two labs], Czech Republic, Finland, Germany [two labs; three instruments], Ireland, and Slovakia), representing four measurement programs (GAW, EMEP, CAPMoN, LBA). These sites either run canister or online measurements. WCC-VOC provided each participant of the intercomparison exercise with standard gas canisters which contained 73 VOCs prepared and certified by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder. The participating laboratories were expected to identify and quantify as many compounds of the WCC-VOC standard canister as possible based on their routine identification and calibration methods. The primary objective of this first intercomparison was to examine the current performance status of the analytical facilities of each laboratory and to check whether the results meet the Data Quality Objectives (DQO) developed by WCC-VOC. An additional objective was to establish a ranking of properly determined compounds among all laboratories in order to identify compounds which could be most accurately determined by all laboratories. Due to the variety of sampling and analytical methods among the participants both the number of identified species (16-150 VOCs) and their proper quantification differed largely. Focusing on a subset of 28 VOCs recognized as primary GAW target compounds the results show that the DQOs for repeatability are met in most cases. However for the deviation from the WCC-VOC reference values the picture is different. For some VOCs the concentrations differed significantly among the different laboratories. In terms of both uncertainty and repeatability a significant number of atmospherically relevant VOCs (e.g. propane, propylene, isoprene, and benzene) are properly determined by most labs. However, difficulties occur with other important VOCs (e.g. acetylene, i-pentane, toluene). From this subset of VOC results it appears imperative to strengthen harmonization procedures particular with regard to real air samplings. These processes have been initiated and include more frequent intercomparisons also covering ambient air samples, individual performance audits, and a future networkwide calibration standard.

Rappenglück, B.; Apel, E.; Bauerfeind, M.; Bottenheim, J.; Brickell, P.; ?avolka, P.; Cech, J.; Gatti, L.; Hakola, H.; Honzak, J.; Junek, R.; Martin, D.; Noone, C.; Plass-Dülmer, Ch.; Travers, D.; Wang, D.

2

Mount Chacaltaya Regional GAW Station in the Central Andes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory (MCL), located 30 km from the city of La Paz , at 5300 m asl, is well known as a cosmic ray laboratory that made important contributions to the Elementary Particles Physics in the 40's and 50's of the last century. Since its beginnings, the MCL has also hosted instruments and experiments devoted to atmospheric research and health studies at high altitude locations. In addition, the Chacaltaya glacier has attracted the interest of worldwide climatologists, due to its dramatic retreat. In fact, this glacier does not exist almost anymore. Recently, the Atmospheric Physics Laboratory (LFA-UMSA) has begun to take permanent and field measurements of some relevant atmospheric parameters at MCL, such as carbon dioxide, aerosols and ultraviolet irradiance. In this work we show some characteristics that made Chacaltaya a Regional GAW Station (CHC), recently nominated by WMO. In addition we show some pioneering steps of this project, supported by research institutes from France, Italy, Switzerland and USA. Finally, thanks to the vigorous co-operation of the Raman lidar group at Goddard Space Flight Center, a new YAG Laser is being installed, to be operated together with the "old" Alexandrite Lidar in the study of aerosols at La Paz.

Zaratti, Francesco; Forno, Ricardo N.; Lolli, Simone

2010-05-01

3

Long-term observations of tropospheric ozone: GAW Measurement Guidelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) coordinates long-term observations of the chemical composition and physical properties of the atmosphere which are relevant for understanding of atmospheric chemistry and climate change. Atmospheric observations of reactive gases (tropospheric ozone, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides) coordinated by the GAW Programme complement local and regional scale air quality monitoring efforts. As part of the GAW quality assurance (QA) system detailed measurement guidelines for atmospheric trace species are developed by international expert teams at irregular intervals. The most recent report focuses on continuous in-situ measurements of ozone in the troposphere, performed in particular at continental or island sites with altitudes ranging from sea level to mountain tops. Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) are defined for different applications of the data (e.g. trend analysis and verification of global model forecasts). These DQOs include a thorough discussion of the tolerable level of measurement uncertainty and data completeness. The guidelines present the best practices and practical arrangements adopted by the GAW Programme in order to enable the GAW station network to approach or achieve the defined tropospheric ozone DQOs. The document includes information on the selection of station and measurement locations, required skills and training of staff, recommendations on the measurement technique and the necessary equipment to perform highest quality measurements, rules for conducting the measurements, preparing the data and archiving them, and more. Much emphasis is given to discussions about how to ensure the quality of the data through tracing calibrations back to primary standards, proper calibration and data analysis, etc. In the GAW Programme the QA system is implemented through Central Facilities (Central Calibration Laboratories, World and Regional Calibration Centers and World Data Centers), Scientific Advisory Groups and GAW Training and Education Center. These bodies support primary standards, provide calibration and data archiving facilities, coordinate comparison campaigns, perform stations audit, provide documentation and training of personnel.

Tarasova, Oksana; Galbally, Ian E.; Schultz, Martin G.

2013-04-01

4

"If two witches would watch two watches, which witch would watch which watch?" tDCS over the left frontal region modulates tongue twister repetition in healthy subjects.  

PubMed

Recent studies have demonstrated that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates cortical activity in the human brain. In the language domain, it has already been shown that during a naming task tDCS reduces vocal reaction times in healthy individuals and speeds up the recovery process in left brain-damaged aphasic subjects. In this study, we wondered whether tDCS would influence the ability to articulate tongue twisters during a repetition task. Three groups of 10 healthy individuals were asked to repeat a list of tongue twisters in three different stimulation conditions: one group performed the task during anodal tDCS (atDCS) (20 min, 2 mA) over the left frontal region; a second group during cathodal tDCS delivered over the same region; and, in a third group, sham stimulation was applied. Accuracy and vocal reaction times in repeating each tongue twister before, during and 1h after the stimulation were recorded. Participants were more accurate and faster at repeating the stimuli during atDCS than at baseline, while cathodal tDCS significantly reduced their performance in terms of accuracy and reaction times. No significant differences were observed among the three time points during the sham condition. We believe that these data clearly confirm that the left frontal region is critically involved in the process of speech repetition. They are also in line with recent evidence suggesting that frontal tDCS might be used as a therapeutic tool in patients suffering from articulatory deficits. PMID:24184977

Fiori, V; Cipollari, S; Caltagirone, C; Marangolo, P

2014-01-01

5

[Atmospheric CO2 data filtering method and characteristics of the molar fractions at the Longfengshan WMO/GAW regional station in China].  

PubMed

Based on the in-situ observation results of atmospheric CO2 molar fractions at two levels (10 m and 80 m above the ground) at Longfengshan (LFS) regional background station in Heilongjiang Province during January 2009 to December 2011, this study mainly focused on the results from 10 m above the ground level (a. g. l.). The results indicated that the observed data from 10 m were strongly affected by the local sources/sinks. The differences between the 10 m and 80 m results were relatively small during the daytime (08:00-17:00) with values smaller than (0.5 +/- 0.5) x 10(-6). In spring, summer and winter, higher CO2 molar fractions were observed when surface winds came from the E-ESE-SE-SSE sectors, while, in winter, surface winds from the N-NNW-NW-WNW sectors obviously enhanced the observed values. Generally, lower CO2 values were accompanied with higher wind speed in the four seasons. This phenomenon was most obvious in winter. Based on the analysis of the observed diurnal cycles and the local meteorological conditions, the observed data from 10 m were filtered into background/non-background events. About 30.7% valid hourly data were filtered as regional background representative. The background CO2 variation displayed a peak in winter and a valley in summer with a seasonal peak to peak amplitude of (36.3 +/- 1.4) x 10(-6), which was higher than the values at similar latitude from Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) References and WMO/GAW stations. The yearly CO2 increasing rate at LFS was roughly estimated to be 2.4 x 10(-6) a(-1). PMID:25338353

Luan, Tian; Zhou, Ling-Xi; Fang, Shuang-Xi; Yao, Bo; Wang, Hong-Yang; Liu, Zhao

2014-08-01

6

Journal Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Newly online are all nine editions of The Massachusetts Medical Society's series Journal Watch, providing "clinical research summaries and commentary by physician-editors." Note that the electronic version of this journal is free through the end of 2000.

7

Gendercide Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website from Gendercide Watch is devoted to raising awareness, facilitating research, and disseminating educational resources on gendercide (i.e. gender-selective mass killing). Undoubtedly the most comprehensive and up-to-date Website of its kind, Gendercide Watch features an annotated listing of current gendercide articles and reports in the news, a comprehensive discussion and definition of the phenomenon, as well as detailed case studies of gendercide occurrences in several countries and contexts, including Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Colombia, and gendercide elements in the Jewish Holocaust and the Armenian genocide of 1915-1916. Institutional case studies of gendercide elements in the application of penal punishment -- including the death penalty, maternal mortality, and military conscription are also posted. The site emphasizes male gendercide, reflecting the creators's "conviction that men are, indeed, generally the victims of the most severe gender-selective atrocities in such situations." An extensive, annotated list of gendercide and genocide links is given along with news releases from Gendercide Watch about current gendercide issues around the world. Human rights advocates are likely to want to bookmark this site. Gendercide Watch is "a project of the Gender Issues Education Foundation (GIEF), a registered charitable foundation based in Edmonton, Alberta."

8

Bird Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this group or individual activity, learners are encouraged to watch birds near home or schoolâpossibly where birds are nesting in a tree, pecking in a park, feeding from a feeder, or flying through the sky. The PDF provides drawings of the heads and bills of many kinds of birds, under categories including nectar feeding, mud probing, dip netting, scavenging, and raptorial.

Science, Lawrence H.

2010-01-01

9

Monarch watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Monarch Watch is a cooperative network of students, teachers, volunteers and researchers dedicated to the study of the Monarch butterfly. There are extensive educational resources and projects on the site, including tagging the butterflies and monitoring the larvae, as well as the creation of Monarch Waystations by planting milkweeds needed for restoring the species' habitat (schools and non-profits can apply for free milkweed).

Watch, Monarch

10

Hurricane Watch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hurricanes, the strongest form of tropical cyclones over the Atlantic Ocean, are among the most deadly and destructive natural hazards. Population growth along the eastern and southern coasts of the United States places millions of people who have never experienced a major hurricane in harm's way during each hurricane season. A successful evacuation requires accurate forecasts and public education about the hazards associated with these violent storms. Bob Heets and Jack Williams' Hurricane Watch informs readers without formal training in meteorology about hurricanes and the dangers they present. Although the authors make some references to tropical cyclones in other parts of the world, the book's primary focus is on hurricanes over the Atlantic Ocean.

Hobgood, Jay S.

11

Social Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1995, Social Watch was first established to provide a global platform for non-governmental organizations to monitor and promote the effective implementation of the commitments made by national governments during the United Nations World Summit on Social Development. Since that time, the group's work has continued in the areas of monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality and users with interests in these areas will appreciate both the organization's annual report (available from the homepage) and its country-by-country reports. One very well-developed interactive graphic feature is the development indicator section of the site. Here, visitors can view representations of such indicators as female adult literacy, deforestation, and fertility across the globe, along with discrete data from each country. Additionally, many of the materials offered here are available in Spanish as well.

12

ICANN Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which essentially governs much of the Internet's operation, is often the subject of controversy due primarily to conflicting opinions of countries and individuals about how the Internet should be run. Since the organization is such a hot topic for speculation and discussion, the ICANN Watch Web site provides a "news and comment forum for people interested in" ICANN's plans and initiatives. While access to ICANN-related stories is immediately available, users must complete a free registration to participate in the forums or submit other news stories. An excellent section of the site, called ICANN for Beginners, attempts to explain the true function and purpose of the organization.

13

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Since the advent of hybridoma technology, dating back to 1975, monoclonal antibodies have become an irreplaceable diagnostic and therapeutic tool for a wide array of human diseases. During the last 15 years, several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been approved by FDA for cancer therapy. These mAbs are designed to (1) activate the immune system against tumor cells, (2) inhibit cancer cell-intrinsic signaling pathways, (3) bring toxins in the close proximity of cancer cells, or (4) interfere with the tumor-stroma interaction. More recently, major efforts have been made for the development of immunostimulatory mAbs that either enhance cancer-directed immune responses or limit tumor- (or therapy-) driven immunosuppression. Some of these antibodies, which are thought to facilitate tumor eradication by initiating or sustaining a tumor-specific immune response, have already entered clinical trials. In this Trial Watch, we will review and discuss the clinical progress of the most important mAbs that are have entered clinical trials after January 2008. PMID:22720209

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vacchelli, Erika; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zucman-Rossi, Jessica; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

14

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are prototypic pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) best known for their ability to activate the innate immune system in response to conserved microbial components such as lipopolysaccharide and double-stranded RNA. Accumulating evidence indicates that the function of TLRs is not restricted to the elicitation of innate immune responses against invading pathogens. TLRs have indeed been shown to participate in tissue repair and injury-induced regeneration as well as in adaptive immune responses against cancer. In particular, TLR4 signaling appears to be required for the efficient processing and cross-presentation of cell-associated tumor antigens by dendritic cells, which de facto underlie optimal therapeutic responses to some anticancer drugs. Thus, TLRs constitute prominent therapeutic targets for the activation/intensification of anticancer immune responses. In line with this notion, long-used preparations such as the Coley toxin (a mixture of killed Streptococcus pyogenes and Serratia marcescens bacteria) and the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG, an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis originally developed as a vaccine against tuberculosis), both of which have been associated with consistent anticancer responses, potently activate TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. Today, besides BCG, only one TLR agonist is FDA-approved for therapeutic use in cancer patients: imiquimod. In this Trial Watch, we will briefly present the role of TLRs in innate and cognate immunity and discuss the progress of clinical studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of experimental TLR agonists as immunostimulatory agents for oncological indications. PMID:22934262

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

15

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

During the last two decades, a number of approaches for the activation of the immune system against cancer has been developed. These include highly specific interventions, such as monoclonal antibodies, vaccines and cell-based therapies, as well as relatively unselective strategies, such as the systemic administration of adjuvants and immunomodulatory cytokines. Cytokines constitute a huge group of proteins that, taken together, regulate not only virtually all the aspects of innate and cognate immunity, but also several other cellular and organismal functions. Cytokines operate via specific transmembrane receptors that are expressed on the plasma membrane of target cells and, depending on multiple variables, can engage autocrine, paracrine or endocrine signaling pathways. The most appropriate term for defining the cytokine network is “pleiotropic”: cytokines are produced by - and operate on - multiple, often overlapping, cell types, triggering context-depend biological outcomes as diverse as cell proliferation, chemotaxis, differentiation, inflammation, elimination of pathogens and cell death. Moreover, cytokines often induce the release of additional cytokines, thereby engaging self-amplificatory or self-inhibitory signaling cascades. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the biological properties of cytokines and discuss the progress of ongoing clinical studies evaluating their safety and efficacy as immunomodulatory agents against cancer. PMID:22754768

Vacchelli, Erika; Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

16

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds sharing the ability to operate as potent inhibitors of the plasma membrane Na+/K+-ATPase, hence promoting—via an indirect mechanism—the intracellular accumulation of Ca2+ ions. In cardiomyocytes, increased intracellular Ca2+ concentrations exert prominent positive inotropic effects, that is, they increase myocardial contractility. Owing to this feature, two CGs, namely digoxin and digitoxin, have extensively been used in the past for the treatment of several cardiac conditions, including distinct types of arrhythmia as well as contractility disorders. Nowadays, digoxin is approved by the FDA and indicated for the treatment of congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter with rapid ventricular response, whereas the use of digitoxin has been discontinued in several Western countries. Recently, CGs have been suggested to exert potent antineoplastic effects, notably as they appear to increase the immunogenicity of dying cancer cells. In this Trial Watch, we summarize the mechanisms that underpin the unsuspected anticancer potential of CGs and discuss the progress of clinical studies that have evaluated/are evaluating the safety and efficacy of CGs for oncological indications. PMID:23525565

Menger, Laurie; Vacchelli, Erika; Kepp, Oliver; Eggermont, Alexander; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

17

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are an evolutionarily conserved group of enzymatically inactive, single membrane-spanning proteins that recognize a wide panel of exogenous and endogenous danger signals. Besides constituting a crucial component of the innate immune response to bacterial and viral pathogens, TLRs appear to play a major role in anticancer immunosurveillance. In line with this notion, several natural and synthetic TLR ligands have been intensively investigated for their ability to boost tumor-targeting immune responses elicited by a variety of immunotherapeutic and chemotherapeutic interventions. Three of these agents are currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or equivalent regulatory agencies for use in cancer patients: the so-called bacillus Calmette-Guérin, monophosphoryl lipid A, and imiquimod. However, the number of clinical trials testing the therapeutic potential of both FDA-approved and experimental TLR agonists in cancer patients is stably decreasing, suggesting that drug developers and oncologists are refocusing their interest on alternative immunostimulatory agents. Here, we summarize recent findings on the use of TLR agonists in cancer patients and discuss how the clinical evaluation of FDA-approved and experimental TLR ligands has evolved since the publication of our first Trial Watch dealing with this topic. PMID:25083332

Aranda, Fernando; Vacchelli, Erika; Obrist, Florine; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Cremer, Isabelle; Henrik ter Meulen, Jan; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

18

Metadata for WIS and WIGOS: GAW Profile of ISO19115 and Draft WIGOS Core Metadata Standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) is a key WMO priority to underpin all WMO Programs and new initiatives such as the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS). The development of the WIGOS Operational Information Resource (WIR) is central to the WIGOS Framework Implementation Plan (WIGOS-IP). The WIR shall provide information on WIGOS and its observing components, as well as requirements of WMO application areas. An important aspect is the description of the observational capabilities by way of structured metadata. The Global Atmosphere Watch is the WMO program addressing the chemical composition and selected physical properties of the atmosphere. Observational data are collected and archived by GAW World Data Centres (WDCs) and related data centres. The Task Team on GAW WDCs (ET-WDC) have developed a profile of the ISO19115 metadata standard that is compliant with the WMO Information System (WIS) specification for the WMO Core Metadata Profile v1.3. This profile is intended to harmonize certain aspects of the documentation of observations as well as the interoperability of the WDCs. The Inter-Commission-Group on WIGOS (ICG-WIGOS) has established the Task Team on WIGOS Metadata (TT-WMD) with representation of all WMO Technical Commissions and the objective to define the WIGOS Core Metadata. The result of this effort is a draft semantic standard comprising of a set of metadata classes that are considered to be of critical importance for the interpretation of observations relevant to WIGOS. The purpose of the presentation is to acquaint the audience with the standard and to solicit informal feed-back from experts in the various disciplines of meteorology and climatology. This feed-back will help ET-WDC and TT-WMD to refine the GAW metadata profile and the draft WIGOS metadata standard, thereby increasing their utility and acceptance.

Klausen, Jörg; Howe, Brian

2014-05-01

19

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Dendritic cells (DCs) occupy a central position in the immune system, orchestrating a wide repertoire of responses that span from the development of self-tolerance to the elicitation of potent cellular and humoral immunity. Accordingly, DCs are involved in the etiology of conditions as diverse as infectious diseases, allergic and autoimmune disorders, graft rejection and cancer. During the last decade, several methods have been developed to load DCs with tumor-associated antigens, ex vivo or in vivo, in the attempt to use them as therapeutic anticancer vaccines that would elicit clinically relevant immune responses. While this has not always been the case, several clinical studies have demonstrated that DC-based anticancer vaccines are capable of activating tumor-specific immune responses that increase overall survival, at least in a subset of patients. In 2010, this branch of clinical research has culminated with the approval by FDA of a DC-based therapeutic vaccine (sipuleucel-T, Provenge®) for use in patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Intense research efforts are currently dedicated to the identification of the immunological features of patients that best respond to DC-based anticancer vaccines. This knowledge may indeed lead to personalized combination strategies that would extend the benefit of DC-based immunotherapy to a larger patient population. In addition, widespread enthusiasm has been generated by the results of the first clinical trials based on in vivo DC targeting, an approach that holds great promises for the future of DC-based immunotherapy. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recently completed clinical trials and discuss the progress of ongoing studies that have evaluated/are evaluating DC-based interventions for cancer therapy. PMID:23170259

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Senovilla, Laura; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

20

Identifying rare variants from exome scans: the GAW17 experience  

PubMed Central

Genetic Analysis Workshop 17 (GAW17) provided a platform for evaluating existing statistical genetic methods and for developing novel methods to analyze rare variants that modulate complex traits. In this article, we present an overview of the 1000 Genomes Project exome data and simulated phenotype data that were distributed to GAW17 participants for analyses, the different issues addressed by the participants, and the process of preparation of manuscripts resulting from the discussions during the workshop. PMID:22373325

2011-01-01

21

CoastWatch / OceanWatch SOCD All-hands  

E-print Network

CoastWatch / OceanWatch SOCD All-hands Kent H. Hughes http://coastwatch.noaa.gov March 25, 2012 Last CoastWatch presentation - November 27, 2012 #12;CoastWatch/OceanWatch (SOCD All-hands March 25;CoastWatch/OceanWatch (SOCD All-hands November 27, 2012) Central 1. Heng Gu­ SMRC 2. Nolvia Herrera

22

Adults Watching Children Watch "South Park."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the satirical cartoon television series called "South Park." Discusses who watches this program, noting its immense popularity and the way it has entered the everyday lives of school children the world over. Looks at its cult appeal, and speculates as to reasons why some children might enjoy watching the program. (SR)

Nixon, Helen

1999-01-01

23

YELLOWSTONE RIVER WATCH (YRW)  

EPA Science Inventory

Yellowstone River Watch seeks to expand its monitoring and education efforts throughout the Yellowstone River Basin by actively recruiting and training new teacher members. Yellowstone River Watch also seeks to advance existing school programs by offering quality assurance/quali...

24

Neighborhood Environmental Watch Network  

SciTech Connect

The Neighborhood Environmental Watch Network (NEWNET) is a regional network of environmental monitoring stations and a data archival center that supports collaboration between communities, industry, and government agencies to solve environmental problems. The stations provide local displays of measurements for the public and transmit measurements via satellite to a central site for archival and analysis. Station managers are selected from the local community and trained to support the stations. Archived data and analysis tools are available to researchers, educational institutions, industrial collaborators, and the public across the nation through a communications network. Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Environmental Protection Agency have developed a NEWNET pilot program for the Department of Energy. The pilot program supports monitoring stations in Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, and California. Additional stations are being placed in Colorado and New Mexico. Pilot stations take radiological and meteorological measurements. Other measurements are possible by exchanging sensors.

Sanders, L.D.

1993-10-01

25

Swatch Watch in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For centuries, Swiss firms manufactured and sold precision watches and were the undisputed leaders in timekeeping. All this came to an abrupt end when, in the mid-1970s, the Japanese began to make reliable digital watches at a fraction of the cost of the expensive, labor-intensive Swiss product. In 1983, Switzerland answered with the introduction…

Osterer, Irv

2010-01-01

26

ACTRIS non-methane hydrocarbon intercomparison experiment in Europe to support WMO-GAW and EMEP observation networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of 20 European laboratories involved in long-term non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) measurements within the framework of Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) was assessed with respect to the ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) and GAW data quality objectives (DQOs). Compared to previous intercomparisons the DQOs of ACTRIS are much more demanding with deviations to a reference value of less than 5% and repeatability of better than 2% for mole fractions above 0.1 nmol mol-1. The participants were asked to measure both a 30 component NMHC mixture in nitrogen (NMHC_N2) at approximately 1 nmol mol-1 and whole air (NMHC_air), following a standardised operation procedure including zero- and calibration gas measurements. Furthermore, they had to report details on their instruments and they were asked to assess measurement uncertainties. The NMHCs were analysed either by gas chromatography-flame ionisation detection or gas chromatography-mass spectrometer methods. Most systems performed well for the NMHC_N2 measurements (88% of the reported values were within the GAW DQOs and even 58% within the ACTRIS DQOs). For NMHC_air generally more frequent and larger deviations to the assigned values were observed compared to NMHC_N2 (77% of the reported values were within the GAW DQOs, but only 48% within the ACTRIS DQOs). Important contributors to the poorer performance in NMHC_air compared to NMHC_N2 were a more complex matrix and a larger span of NMHC mole fractions (0.03-2.5 nmol mol-1). Issues, which affected both NMHC mixtures, are the usage of direct vs. two-step calibration, breakthrough of C2-C3 hydrocarbons, blank values in zero-gas measurements (especially for those systems using a Nafion® Dryer), adsorptive losses of aromatic compounds, and insufficient chromatographic resolution. Essential for high-quality results are experienced operators, a comprehensive quality assurance and quality control, well characterised systems, and sufficient man-power to operate the systems and evaluate the data.

Hoerger, C. C.; Werner, A.; Plass-Duelmer, C.; Reimann, S.; Eckart, E.; Steinbrecher, R.; Aalto, J.; Arduini, J.; Bonnaire, N.; Cape, J. N.; Colomb, A.; Connolly, R.; Diskova, J.; Dumitrean, P.; Ehlers, C.; Gros, V.; Hakola, H.; Hill, M.; Hopkins, J. R.; Jäger, J.; Junek, R.; Kajos, M. K.; Klemp, D.; Leuchner, M.; Lewis, A. C.; Locoge, N.; Maione, M.; Martin, D.; Michl, K.; Nemitz, E.; O'Doherty, S.; Pérez Ballesta, P.; Ruuskanen, T. M.; Sauvage, S.; Schmidbauer, N.; Spain, T. G.; Straube, E.; Vana, M.; Vollmer, M. K.; Wegener, R.; Wenger, A.

2014-10-01

27

AccessWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AccessWatch, provided by David Maher, is a shareware utility that provides a regularly updated summary of WWW server hits and accesses, and gives a graphical representation of available statistics. It generates statistics for hourly server load, page demand, accesses by domain, and accesses by host. AccessWatch can run on Unix or Windows NT servers. The AccessWatch page provides sample output, a FAQ, installation instructions, and the Perl script that makes the product work. It is free for government, non-commercial home, and academic use. See the license agreement for more information.

28

WatchList  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Audubon has launched this site identifying North American bird species that are "faced with population decline, limited geographic range, and/or threats such as habitat loss on their breeding and wintering grounds." Compiled by Partners in Flight, the list is provided as a citizen science initiative to shift conservation agendas away from "reactive, last-minute rescue attempts" and towards preventative measures. In addition to the continental WatchList, the site posts state WatchLists. To access a state list, simply click on the US map (or state name) to browse the list of bird species or read about the criteria used to establish the list. Each highlighted species account includes a color photograph, common and scientific name, and indicators of relative abundance, distribution, threats to breeding and non-breeding ranges, and population trends. The site also includes a FAQ section, Five Ways to Help WatchList Birds, and Kids WatchList Action.

29

National CyberWatch Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CyberWatch has been funded as an Advanced Technological Education (ATE) Regional Center of Excellence since 2005 (NSF Award Nos. 0501828 and 0902747) and has expanded its membership to 94 colleges in 29 states. With this award, the center transitions to an even broader scope as an ATE National Center of Excellence.The mission of CyberWatch is "to advance cybersecurity education by leading collaborative efforts to strengthen the national cybersecurity workforce." The center is building a culture of collaboration among colleges and universities to:* promote the growth of cybersecurity education programs nationally, especially in community colleges;* build program and faculty capacity by sharing replicable models of excellence;* promote the cybersecurity profession through a national dissemination program;* strengthen student capacity and expand pathways to cybersecurity careers; and* support research on cybersecurity education.By promoting "models of excellence," CyberWatch is expanding high-quality cybersecurity programs at community colleges around the nation. The center is mentoring colleges to achieve the Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education - 2 Year (CAE2Y) designation; increasing students' awareness of cybersecurity careers and their participation in cybersecurity competitions at the K-12 and college levels; growing the number of faculty able to teach cybersecurity topics; assisting with curriculum development at all levels; expanding the knowledge base of what works (and what does not) in cybersecurity education at all levels; and continuing effective dissemination mechanisms, including the center's Web sites, newsletters, reports, conference presentations, and workshops and institutes, all of which advertise the center's services to a broad community.As a national center, CyberWatch is leading the effort to bring cybersecurity education at community colleges to the forefront of the national dialogue, thereby helping employers across the nation to meet a critical workforce need.

2007-08-20

30

Whale-Watching-Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite, by Rauno Lauhakangas of the University of Helsinki, Finland, includes a myriad of whale-related topics, some of which are scientific. The research-oriented sections include: Oceanographic Research (a collection of links to research sites, i.e. The Radio Acoustic Positioning and Telemetry Network -- a useful technique for monitoring whale/fish behavior); Cetacean's Rights (a section providing examples of legislation regulating whale-watching in Argentina, New Zealand, and elsewhere); and Bioacoustics (a section of links dedicated to Cetacean Research Technology). Educators will find useful information and compelling photographic images in the Cetacean Encyclopaedia (an introduction to whale species); Cetacean Pictures; and Virtual Whale Watching (a high-tech, state-of-the-art introduction to virtual whale-watching).

31

Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Newsletter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in 1998 and funded by a combination of organizations, the Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse collects, compiles, and disseminates information on the tools, techniques, and strategies necessary to manage "growth" (human expansion) while promoting "the best land use practices." The Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Newsletter is a free, weekly electronic newsletter that summarizes current news and provides links to related news stories and Websites. Users may browse issues online (archive is listed at the bottom of the last page) or receive issues through a free email subscription.

32

cameras are watching you  

E-print Network

of software expands the small field of view that traditional pan-tilt-zoom security cameras offer. When the viewspaces of all the security cameras in an area overlap. Then it can determine the geocameras are watching you New surveillance camera being developed by Ohio

Davis, James W.

33

Moon Watch Flip Book!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners observe the moon each night for a month and draw their observations in a Moon Watch Log. After twenty-nine days of observations, learners put the pages together to create a flip book to see the Moon pass through all its phases in just a few seconds.

History, American M.

2011-08-20

34

A statistical approach to quantify uncertainty in carbon monoxide measurements at the Izaña global GAW station: 2008-2011  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric CO in situ measurements are carried out at the Izaña (Tenerife) global GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch Programme of the World Meteorological Organization - WMO) mountain station using a Reduction Gas Analyser (RGA). In situ measurements at Izaña are representative of the subtropical Northeast Atlantic free troposphere, especially during nighttime. We present the measurement system configuration, the response function, the calibration scheme, the data processing, the Izaña 2008-2011 CO nocturnal time series, and the mean diurnal cycle by months. We have developed a rigorous uncertainty analysis for carbon monoxide measurements carried out at the Izaña station, which could be applied to other GAW stations. We determine the combined standard measurement uncertainty taking into consideration four contributing components: uncertainty of the WMO standard gases interpolated over the range of measurement, the uncertainty that takes into account the agreement between the standard gases and the response function used, the uncertainty due to the repeatability of the injections, and the propagated uncertainty related to the temporal consistency of the response function parameters (which also takes into account the covariance between the parameters). The mean value of the combined standard uncertainty decreased significantly after March 2009, from 2.37 nmol mol-1 to 1.66 nmol mol-1, due to improvements in the measurement system. A fifth type of uncertainty we call representation uncertainty is considered when some of the data necessary to compute the temporal mean are absent. Any computed mean has also a propagated uncertainty arising from the uncertainties of the data used to compute the mean. The law of propagation depends on the type of uncertainty component (random or systematic). In situ hourly means are compared with simultaneous and collocated NOAA flask samples. The uncertainty of the differences is computed and used to determine whether the differences are significant. For 2009-2011, only 24.5% of the differences are significant, and 68% of the differences are between -2.39 and 2.5 nmol mol-1. Total and annual mean differences are computed using conventional expressions but also expressions with weights based on the minimum variance method. The annual mean differences for 2009-2011 are well within the ±2 nmol mol-1 compatibility goal of GAW.

Gomez-Pelaez, A. J.; Ramos, R.; Gomez-Trueba, V.; Novelli, P. C.; Campo-Hernandez, R.

2013-03-01

35

CoralWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Built on a research project at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, CoralWatch has developed a cheap, simple, non-invasive method for the monitoring of coral bleaching, and assessment of coral health. In the field, users simply use the Coral Health Chart to compare colors of corals with colors on the chart and record matching codes. Students submit their data and can view data from reefs around the world. Virtual components are also available.

36

ServerWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ServerWatch, provided by Mecklermedia, provides information on "web server technology and supporting tools." It contains information on development tools (audio/video, firewalls, and site monitoring, among others), and comprehensive information (including ratings) of the most popular web servers. However, the highlight of the site lies buried under the "And other..." web servers; a comparison chart of over 100 web servers that includes operating systems and price range. Also included are features tables for seven different variables.

37

Bumble Bee Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bumble Bee Watch is a collaborative effort to track and conserve North America's bumble bees. This citizen science project allows for individuals to upload photos of bumble bees to start a virtual bumble bee collection, identify the bumble bees in their photos, have identifications verified by experts, help researchers determine the status and conservation needs of bumble bees, help locate rare or endangered populations of bumble bees, learn about bumble bees, their ecology, and ongoing conservation efforts, and connect with other citizen scientists.

Watch, Bumble B.

38

Illinois RiverWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Illinois RiverWatch Network is a volunteer stream monitoring program that seeks to engage Illinois citizens by training them as Citizen Scientists. Each year at adopted stream sites in their communities, Citizen Scientists conduct habitat and biological surveys, including the collection and identification of small stream organisms called macroinvertabrates that serve as bioindicators of water quality. The program strives to collect consistent, high-quality data on the conditions of local streams and provide citizens with a hands-on opportunity to be better stewards of our watersheds.

College, Lewis A.

39

World Monuments Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether from civil unrest or environmental degradation, many of the world's great cultural and historical landmarks remain threatened. Fortunately, there are groups like the World Monument Watch who keep close tabs on the state of these important resources. On the site, visitors can traipse on through an interactive map of the world to learn about each site. For each site, visitors will find a photograph of the landmark, a short essay on the history of each landmark, and some explanation of the reasons for its inclusion on the list.

2008-01-01

40

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. 7...POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular...

2010-04-01

41

19 CFR 7.4 - Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Duties 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular possessions. 7...POSSESSIONS AND GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL STATION § 7.4 Watches and watch movements from U.S. insular...

2011-04-01

42

Implementing Business Watch: Problems and  

Microsoft Academic Search

While community-based crime prevention initiatives have become popular in recent years as a means of combating crime, actual evaluations have rarely been documented. One initiative on which very little research has been conducted is Business Watch (which has been present for about 20 years). This paper outlines the results of a study that evaluated the processes of a Business Watch

Natalie Taylor

43

CorpWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Corporate Watch is an online magazine and resource center affiliated with the Institute for Global Communications (discussed in the November 15, 1996 Scout Report) and the Transnational Resource and Action Center (TRAC), among others. An array of full text news articles, photo galleries, and useful links to activist groups and government data keep users abreast of corporate activity. All articles and photos are archived and contributors include the Los Angeles Times and Greenpeace International. An online research guide, TNCs and India, produced by the Public Interest Research Group in New Delhi, and the bibliography, From the Horse's Mouth: Corporate Links also provide lesser-known tactics for company investigation. Interested parties may join a Corporate Watchers listserv for future news alerts concerning violations of human and environmental rights by corporations around the world.

1996-01-01

44

Operation Crane Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the title suggests a military orientation, Operation Crane Watch is actually a US Geological Survey site that tracks the migratory movements of twenty Sandhill Cranes en route to their respective breeding grounds. Captured in the Platte River Valley in March and April, each bird is tracked by a satellite transmitter affixed to a band placed above the crane's knee joint. The Website provides a brief overview (and photographs) of the capture methods, as well as several sound clips (MPEG) of cranes calling. The main value of the site, however, is the series of maps showing each bird's movements, and a combined map indicating the most recent locations of all marked birds with latitude and longitude record and date of each individual sighting. The combined map is an excellent illustration of the wide breeding range of Sandhill Cranes. Students and educators will find this site particularly useful.

45

Scholastic: Weather Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weather Watch series of online projects investigates seasonal weather phenomena. Students discover the scientific explanations for these events, and use tools and resources for enhanced research. The Hurricanes project allows students to monitor patterns and plot the progression of hurricanes. The Winter Storms project contains an interactive weather maker allowing students to create different weather patterns by changing factors. A winter storm timeline provides stories of the harshest blizzards that have occurred in the U.S. The Weather Reporters project includes a selection of hands-on science experiments for classroom participation, leading up to sharing results online with students worldwide. Each project provides assessment tools and lesson plan suggestions for educators. Links are provided for additional resources.

46

Executive PayWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Executive PayWatch is provided by the AFL-CIO, a trade union group. The site aims to be a "working family's guide to monitoring and curtailing the excessive salaries, bonuses and perks in CEO compensation packages." Visitors can conduct a comparison of CEO and worker pay increases, and evaluate the reasons given for high CEO salary increases. There is also a database of the salaries of the CEOs of Standard & Poor (S&P 500) corporations. Users can find instructions on how to obtain details of CEO compensation for companies not in the S&P 500 from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) web site. A guide on what actions workers can take to restrain CEO pay increases rounds up the site.

47

IndustryWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1998 CNN incorporated NewsReal Industry Watch into its web based news service. This powerful news service provides daily coverage of hundreds of stories in 20 categories via various wire services and newspapers, and presents this material in a unique, interactive format. When users click on a category from aerospace to utilities, a list of stories appears. Users can then simply move the mouse over a story for an executive summary of the story, which includes the source. One click on the story then brings up the full text, if available. This format allows quick scanning of many stories, a feature that can help the user decide which ones to investigate. The only drawback is that only five stories are listed at once and users must continually move to the next set of stories. A searchable archive is available.

48

South Asian Aerosols: Observations and regional scale modeling perspectives from the Nepal Himalayas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SHARE (Stations at High Altitude Research on the Environment) project is promoted by Ev-K2-CNR and funded by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) through the Italian National Research Council (CNR). Today SHARE monitoring stations span four continents around the globe. This paper will present the results from the SHARE-Nepal Climate Observatory-Pyramid (NCO-P) monitoring station located in the foothills of Mount Everest at an altitude of 5079 m.a.s.l. NCO-P is also one of the Global AtmosphericWatch stations of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO-GAW) and is the only currently operating GAW station in South Asia and the highest station of the UNEP ABC (Atmospheric Brown Clouds) project. Results obtained from the monitoring of aerosols and trace gases for multi years starting from 2006 will be presented. Seasonal distribution, composition, case studies and events related to high aerosol loadings will be discussed. A regional scale meteorological / chemical transport modeling projecthas been initiated to help put the measurements in perspective and provide decision support for policy makers. The paper will also describe themodeling framework,modeled case studiesillustrating sectoral and regional contribution to the aerosol loading over the Himalayan region will be presented.

Adhikary, B.; Bonasoni, P.; Cristofanelli, P.; Marinoni, A.; Duchi, R.; Calzolari, F.; Landi, T.; Putero, D.; Fuzzi, S.; Decesari, S.; Vuillermoz, E.; Stocchi, P.; Verza, G.; Kulkarni, S.

2012-12-01

49

The GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION) as a source of near-real time aerosol profile data for model evaluation and assimilation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2007, the WMO Global Atmospheric Watch’s Science Advisory Group on Aerosols described a global network of lidar networks called GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION). GALION has a purpose of providing expanded coverage of aerosol observations for climate and air quality use. Comprised of networks in Asia (AD-NET), Europe (EARLINET and CIS-LINET), North America (CREST and CORALNET), South America (ALINE) and with contribution from global networks such as MPLNET and NDACC, the collaboration provides a unique capability to define aerosol profiles in the vertical. GALION is designed to supplement existing ground-based and column profiling (AERONET, PHOTONS, SKYNET, GAWPFR) stations. In September 2010, GALION held its second workshop and one component of discussion focussed how the network would integrate into model needs. GALION partners have contributed to the Sand and Dust Storm Warning and Analysis System (SDS-WAS) and to assimilation in models such as DREAM. This paper will present the conclusions of those discussions and how these observations can fit into a global model analysis framework. Questions of availability, latency, and aerosol parameters that might be ingested into models will be discussed. An example of where EARLINET and GALION have contributed in near-real time observations was the suite of measurements during the Eyjafjallajokull eruption in Iceland and its impact on European air travel. Lessons learned from this experience will be discussed.

Hoff, R. M.; Pappalardo, G.

2010-12-01

50

Country watch. Brazil.  

PubMed

A fictional story using publicity-type language was depicted in an AIDS prevention video produced by the Health in Prostitution Project in Rio de Janeiro to support its work with prostitutes. The video was produced through the volunteer efforts of a professional cast and crew who used cultural entertainment codes to raise awareness. Although both established and new actors participated, the cast was comprised of largely famous soap opera and movie artists. This approach was chosen was the understanding that Brazilians watch soap operas 4-5 hours/day and would therefore readily recognize and pay attention to messages conveyed by the protagonists. The video was shot 2 weeks before Carnival when most actors usually rest and received wide media coverage and attention from the public sector. Prostitutes participated in all stages of production, from script-writing to casting to final editing. The video, Venus Fire, describes a pleasure lottery of which the prize is a lucky condom. The video was officially released on World AIDS Day 1992, and broadcast nationwide in January 1993. It was then subsequently aired in public squares and other street worker sites with question-and-answer sessions and public debates among average audience of 200-300 people. Similar health projects elsewhere in Brazil have also show the film with very good audience response. The prostitutes are happy that their profession is being treated with respect, while clients are attracted by the sexy images. PMID:12345382

Szterenfeld, C; Lopes, V

1993-01-01

51

One-year aerosol profiling with EUCAARI Raman lidar at Shangdianzi GAW station: Beijing plume and seasonal variations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study examines seasonal and air-flow-dependent variations of the vertical distribution of aerosols at the Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) station of Shangdianzi in the North China Plain 100 km northeast of Beijing. One-year Raman lidar observations of profiles of aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients at 532 nm were performed from April 2009 to March 2010 in the framework of the European Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions (EUCAARI) project. In the nighttime statistics a two-layer structure with the main haze layer reaching to 1-1.5 km height asl and an elevated aerosol layer on top with a top height of 2.5-5 km height asl was generally observed. A case study of a Beijing haze plume is presented to document the drastic changes in the environmental conditions over the background monitoring station during the passage of a strong haze front. Aerosol optical depth (AOD) and extinction coefficients increased from 0.2 to 1.2 and from 200 Mm-1 to 1000 Mm-1, respectively, within less than two hours. The statistical analysis revealed layer mean extinction coefficients of the haze layer most frequently from 200-600 Mm-1 and typically from 50-100 Mm-1in the elevated layer. The AOD ranged from about 0.3 for northerly air flows to, on average, 0.95 during southerly air flows. The lidar ratio shows a narrow distribution peaking at 60 sr in the haze layer caused by anthropogenic fine-mode aerosol and a broad distribution from 40-90 sr in the elevated layer caused by the complex mixture of aged desert dust, biomass burning smoke, and industrial pollution over eastern Asia.

HäNel, A.; Baars, H.; Althausen, D.; Ansmann, A.; Engelmann, R.; Sun, J. Y.

2012-07-01

52

Economic upturns are good for your heart but watch out for accidents: a study on Swedish regional data 1976–2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between the regional unemployment rate in total and cause-specific mortality in Sweden during 1976–2005. Overall mortality is unrelated to changes in the unemployment rate, while the biggest cause of death (heart disease) decreases when the unemployment rate decreases. At the same time, other accidents, including job-related accidents, increases when the unemployment rate decreases. Swedish evidence

Mikael Svensson

2010-01-01

53

Watching Together: Integrating Conversation with Video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video-watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this paper,

Justin D. Weisz; Sara Kiesler; Hui Zhang; Yuqing Ren; Robert E. Kraut; Joseph A. Konstan

54

Watching together: integrating text chat with video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watching video online is becoming increasingly popular, and new video streaming technologies have the potential to transform video watching from a passive, isolating experience into an active, socially engaging experience. However, the viability of an active social experience is unclear: both chatting and watching video require attention, and may interfere with one another and detract from the experience. In this

Justin D. Weisz; Sara B. Kiesler; Hui Zhang; Yuqing Ren; Robert E. Kraut; Joseph A. Konstan

2007-01-01

55

Press Releases and News Analysis: Asia ETF risk under watch  

E-print Network

Press Releases and News Analysis: Asia ETF risk under watch after UBS rogue trades Comment By RMI. Banks across the region, which have been busy peddling Asia-focused exchange traded funds (ETFs to financial industry sources in Hong Kong and Singapore. Asia-focused ETFs are unique in that they allow

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

56

Logistic transmission models of insulin dependent diabetes from GAW5 data  

SciTech Connect

A nonparametric and general method of linkage analysis has been developed. The repeated measure strategy of Speilman has been adapted to the conditional logistic function to establish linkage by stepwise modeling of transmission from parent to progeny. No foreknowledges of genetic association, linkage nor mode of inheritance is required. The effects at multiple loci are easily modelled. Such logistic transmission models have been developed from GAW5 data. Serology at HLA-DR is more closely linked to the phenotype than are the other GAW5 HLA loci with coefficients at DR2 of -1.4 (S.E. of 0.4), DR3 of 1.1 (S.E. of 0.2), and DR4 of 1.2 (S.E. of 0.2). Relative to the random transmission of alleles, the model achieves a {chi}{sub 3}{sup 2} of 114 (p<10{sup -24}). From the GAW5 subset with insulin gene data, models incorporating either the insulin gene 1 or the 3 alleles are similar. Overall models from this GAW5 subset are also consistent with genetic heterogeneity at HLA and the insulin gene (e.g., {chi}{sub 1}{sup 2} for improvement > 4.6, overall model {chi}{sub 4}{sup 2} = 71, p=10{sup -18}). Properties of the logistic transmission model suggest this approach will be useful when linkage is sought over small recombination distances, when resistance and susceptibility alleles coexist at a locus, and when a complex mode of inheritance is suspected.

Neas, B.R.; Harley, J.B. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

1994-09-01

57

ExMC Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technology Watch (Tech Watch) project is directed by the NASA Human Research Program's (HRP) Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element, and primarily focuses on ExMC technology gaps. The project coordinates the efforts of multiple NASA centers, including the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Glenn Research Center (GRC), Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Langley Research Center (LaRC). The objective of Tech Watch is to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current NASA HRP technology development efforts. Identifying such technologies accelerates the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues encountered during human space exploration missions. The aim of this process is to leverage technologies developed by academia, industry and other government agencies and to identify the effective utilization of NASA resources to maximize the HRP return on investment. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion, and advance NASA's goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. In fiscal year 2013, the Tech Watch project maintained student project activity aimed at specific ExMC gaps, completed the gap report review cycle for all gaps through a maturated gap report review process, and revised the ExMC Tech Watch Sharepoint site for enhanced data content and organization. Through site visits, internships and promotions via aerospace journals, several student projects were initiated and completed this past year. Upon project completion, the students presented their results via telecom or WebEx to the ExMC Element as a whole. The upcoming year will continue to forge strategic alliances and student projects in the interest of technology and knowledge gap closure. Through the population of Sharepoint with technologies assessed by the gap owners, the database expansion will develop a more comprehensive technology set for each gap. By placing such data in Sharepoint, the gap report updates in fiscal year 2014 are anticipated to be streamlined since the evaluated technologies will be readily available to the gap owners in a sortable archive, and may be simply exported into the final gap report presentation

Krihak, M.; Watkins, S.; Shaw, T.

2014-01-01

58

ExMC Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technology Watch (Tech Watch) project is directed by the NASA Human Research Programs (HRP) Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element, and primarily focuses on ExMC technology gaps. The project coordinates the efforts of multiple NASA centers, including the Johnson Space Center (JSC), Glenn Research Center (GRC), Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Langley Research Center (LaRC). The objective of Tech Watch is to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current NASA HRP technology development efforts. Identifying such technologies accelerates the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues encountered during human space exploration missions. The aim of this process is to leverage technologies developed by academia, industry and other government agencies and to identify the effective utilization of NASA resources to maximize the HRP return on investment. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion, and advance NASAs goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. In fiscal year 2013, the Tech Watch project maintained student project activity aimed at specific ExMC gaps, completed the gap report review cycle for all gaps through a maturated gap report review process, and revised the ExMC Tech Watch Sharepoint site for enhanced data content and organization. Through site visits, internships and promotions via aerospace journals, several student projects were initiated and completed this past year. Upon project completion, the students presented their results via telecom or WebEx to the ExMC Element as a whole. The upcoming year will continue to forge strategic alliances and student projects in the interest of technology and knowledge gap closure. Through the population of Sharepoint with technologies assessed by the gap owners, the database expansion will develop a more comprehensive technology set for each gap. By placing such data in Sharepoint, the gap report updates in fiscal year 2014 are anticipated to be streamlined since the evaluated technologies will be readily available to the gap owners in a sortable archive, and may be simply exported into the final gap report presentation.

Krihak, M.; Watkins, S.; Shaw, T.

2014-01-01

59

Monterey Bay Aquarium: Seafood Watch Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As an old saying goes, "There are only so many fish in the sea", and this is a saying that is becoming more and more true each year. With that in mind, the Monterey Bay Aquarium has developed the Seafood Watch site to help people make informed decisions about purchasing different types of seafood. The site contains sections such as "Which Seafood To Buy & Why" and "What You Can Do". In the "Which Seafood to Buy & Why" section, visitors can take a look at some regional seafood guides and also learn which types of seafood are most endangered. Visitors can also order free copies of these guides online and also sign up to receive their free newsletter.

60

About Seafood Watch® and the Seafood Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch® program evaluates the ecological sustainability of wild-caught and farmed seafood commonly found in the United States marketplace. Seafood Watch® defines sustainable seafood as originating from sources, whether wild-caught or farmed, which can maintain or increase production in the long-term without jeopardizing the structure or function of affected ecosystems. Seafood Watch® makes its science-based recommendations available

Lucile Packard

2006-01-01

61

CoastWatch Data in Google Earth  

E-print Network

CoastWatch Data in Google Earth: A How-to Guide Peter Hollemans, Terrenus Earth Sciences Consultant for NOAA/NESDIS CoastWatch Operations Managers Meeting, June, 2007 #12;Peter Hollemans, Terrenus Earth Sciences Consultant for NOAA/NESDISJune, 2007 Talk Outline · About Google Earth · Preparing Data

62

FIRE WATCH FORM University Fire Marshal  

E-print Network

FIRE WATCH FORM University Fire Marshal Guidance Document Approved by: R. Flynn Last revised by: R. Flynn Revision date: 08/18/2012 UFM Fire Watch Form Page 1 of 4 This document contains excerpts from the Fire Code of New York State that pertain to the impairment of a fire protection system

Pawlowski, Wojtek

63

46 CFR 15.1109 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watches. 15.1109 Section 15.1109 Shipping COAST GUARD...REQUIREMENTS Vessels Subject to Requirements of STCW § 15.1109 Watches. Each master of a vessel that operates beyond the...

2011-10-01

64

46 CFR 15.1109 - Watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watches. 15.1109 Section 15.1109 Shipping COAST GUARD...REQUIREMENTS Vessels Subject to Requirements of STCW § 15.1109 Watches. Each master of a vessel that operates beyond the...

2010-10-01

65

46 CFR 78.30-5 - Pilothouse watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Pilothouse watch. 78.30-5 Section 78.30-5 ...VESSELS OPERATIONS Lookouts, Pilothouse Watch, Patrolmen, and Watchmen § 78.30-5 Pilothouse watch. (a) In addition to the...

2011-10-01

66

46 CFR 78.30-5 - Pilothouse watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pilothouse watch. 78.30-5 Section 78.30-5 ...VESSELS OPERATIONS Lookouts, Pilothouse Watch, Patrolmen, and Watchmen § 78.30-5 Pilothouse watch. (a) In addition to the...

2010-10-01

67

A low speed two-dimensional study of flow separation on the GA(W)-1 airfoil with 30-percent chord Fowler flap  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurements of flow fields with low speed turbulent boundary layers were made for the GA(W)-1 airfoil with a 0.30 c Fowler flap deflected 40 deg at angles of attack of 2.7 deg, 7.7 deg, and 12.8 deg, at a Reynolds number of 2.2 million, and a Mach number of 0.13. Details of velocity and pressure fields associated with the airfoil flap combination are presented for cases of narrow, optimum and wide slot gaps. Extensive flow field turbulence surveys were also conducted employing hot-film anemometry. For the optimum gap setting, the boundaries of the regions of flow reversal within the wake were determined by this technique for two angles of attack. Local skin friction distributions for the basic airfoil and the airfoil with flap (optimum gap) were obtained using the razor blade technique.

Seetharam, H. C.; Wentz, W. H., Jr.

1977-01-01

68

76 FR 62760 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; LVMH Watch and Jewelry U.S.A., Inc.; (Watches, Jewelry...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; LVMH Watch and Jewelry U.S.A., Inc.; (Watches, Jewelry Products and Leather Goods) Springfield...warehouse and distribution facility of LVMH Watch and Jewelry U.S.A., Inc., located...

2011-10-11

69

Development of Watch Schedule Using Rules Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The software for schedule creation and optimization solves a difficult, important and practical problem. The proposed solution is an online employee portal where administrator users can create and manage watch schedules and employee requests. Each employee can login with his/her own account and see his/her assignments, manage requests, etc. Employees set as administrators can perform the employee scheduling online, manage requests, etc. This scheduling software allows users not only to see the initial and optimized watch schedule in a simple and understandable form, but also to create special rules and criteria and input their business. The system using rules automatically will generate watch schedule.

Jurkevicius, Darius; Vasilecas, Olegas

70

Antibodies to watch in 2014.  

PubMed

Since 2010, mAbs has documented the biopharmaceutical industry's progress in transitioning antibody therapeutics to first Phase 3 clinical studies and regulatory review, and its success at gaining first marketing approvals for antibody-based products. This installment of the "Antibodies to watch" series outlines events anticipated to occur between December 2013 and the end of 2014, including first regulatory actions on marketing applications for vedolizumab, siltuximab, and ramucirumab, as well as the Fc fusion proteins Factor IX-Fc and Factor VIII-Fc; and the submission of first marketing applications for up to five therapeutics (secukinumab, ch14.18, onartuzumab, necitumumab, gevokizumab). Antibody therapeutics in Phase 3 studies are described, with an emphasis on those with study completion dates in 2014, including antibodies targeting interleukin-17a or the interleukin-17a receptor (secukinumab, ixekizumab, brodalumab), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (alirocumab, evolocumab, bococizumab), and programmed death 1 receptor (lambrolizumab, nivolumab). Five antibodies with US Food and Drug Administration's Breakthrough Therapy designation (obinutuzumab, ofatumumab, lambrolizumab, bimagrumab, daratumumab) are also discussed. PMID:24284914

Reichert, Janice M

2014-01-01

71

Human Rights Watch: Chemical Warfare in Bosnia?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch has recently posted a new report. "Chemical Warfare in Bosnia? The Strange Experiences of the Srebrenica Survivors," investigates whether or not Serb forces used chemical agents in an attack against people fleeing Srebrenica in Bosnia and Hercegovina.

72

Human Rights Watch: Limits of Tolerance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch has recently posted a new report. "Limits of Tolerance: Freedom of Expression and the Public Debate in Chile," examines the extreme restrictions on freedom of speech and freedom of information in the ostensibly democratic nation of Chile.

73

Should babies be watching television and DVDs?  

PubMed

Should babies be watching television and DVDs? This is a reasonable question to ask but a difficult one to answer. This article reviews the theories and related research to examine what is known about infant media use. The review provides evidence both for and against each theory. The importance of infants learning how to watch and learn from screen media presentations is indicated and the new world of media to which babies are exposed is discussed. PMID:22643168

Wartella, Ellen A; Lauricella, Alexis R

2012-06-01

74

Television watching at Greek paediatric hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The study investigated the television watching habits of children in hospital compared with those at home and the factors which influence them.Methods  A random sample of 546 school aged children hospitalized in paediatric hospitals (2) in Athens (Greece) was studied.Results  Children’s television watching time in the hospital was found to be higher compared to that at home. The characteristics which influence this

Vasiliki Matziou; Ioannis Zachos; Heleni Kletsiou; Antigoni Triantafyllidou; Constantinos Tsoumakas

2006-01-01

75

GUARD/WATCH TOWER #S82 Naval Magazine Lualualei, Waikele Branch, GuardWatch ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD/WATCH TOWER #S82 - Naval Magazine Lualualei, Waikele Branch, Guard-Watch Tower Type, On ridge above Tunnel CE-1, on Prime Road on ridge above Tunnel B-11, & on ridge above Tunnel C-17, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

76

GUARD/WATCH TOWER #S84 Naval Magazine Lualualei, Waikele Branch, GuardWatch ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD/WATCH TOWER #S84 - Naval Magazine Lualualei, Waikele Branch, Guard-Watch Tower Type, On ridge above Tunnel CE-1, on Prime Road on ridge above Tunnel B-11, & on ridge above Tunnel C-17, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

77

Radium dial watches, a potentially hazardous legacy?  

PubMed

This study re-examines the risk to health from radium ((226)Ra) dial watches. Ambient dose equivalent rates have been measured for fifteen pocket watches giving results of up to 30 ?Sv h(-1) at a distance of 2 cm taken with a series 1000 mini-rad from the front face (arithmetic mean ambient dose equivalent for pocket watches being 13.2 ?Sv h(-1)). A pocket compass gave rise to a similar ambient dose equivalent rate, of 20 ?Sv h(-1), to the pocket watches, with its cover open. Eighteen wristwatches have also been assessed, but their dose rates are generally much lower (the arithmetic mean being 3.0 ?Sv h(-1)), although the highest ambient dose equivalent rate noted was 20 ?Sv h(-1). A phantom experiment using a TLD suggested an effective dose equivalent of 2.2 mSv/y from a 1 ?Ci (37 kBq) radium dial worn for 16 h/day throughout the year (dose rate 0.375 ?Sv h(-1)). For this condition we estimated maximum skin dose for our pocket watches as 16 mSv per year, with effective doses of 5.1 mSv and 1.169 mSv when worn in vest and trouser pockets respectively. This assumes exposure from the back of the watch which is generally around 60-67% of that from the front. The maximum skin dose from a wristwatch was 14 mSv, with 4.2 mSv effective dose in vest pocket. Radium ((226)Ra) decays to the radioactive gas radon ((222)Rn), and atmospheric radon concentration measurements taken around a pocket watch in a small sealed glass sphere recorded 18,728 B qm(-3). All watches were placed in a room with a RAD7 real-time radon detector. Radon concentration average was 259±9 Bq m(-3) over 16 h, compared to background average over 24h of 1.02 Bq m(-3). Over 6 weeks highs of the order of 2000 Bq m(-3) were routinely recorded when the heating/ventilation system in the room was operating at reduced rates, peaking at over 3000 Bq m(-3) on several occasions. Estimates of the activity of (226)Ra in the watches ranged from 0.063 to 1.063 ?Ci (2.31 to 39.31 kBq) for pocket watches and from 0.013 to 0.875 ?Ci (0.46 to 32.38 kBq) for wrist watches. The risk from old watches containing radium appears to have been largely forgotten today. This paper indicates a health risk, particular to collectors, but with knowledge and appropriate precautions the potential risks can be reduced. PMID:22580295

Gillmore, Gavin K; Crockett, Robin; Denman, Tony; Flowers, Alan; Harris, Richard

2012-09-15

78

Disassembly of a Liquid Crystal Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of videos, presented by the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, deals with the disassembly of a liquid crystal watch. The experiment involves more than just involving the disassembly, the videos present the reaction of the LCD panel when exposed to things such as pressure, high temperatures, and a hot water bath. Not everything is these videos are reversible, so please use an inexpensive watch. But, other than that, this is a cheap and fun activity for any science classroom. It presents students with ways that science permeates our everyday lives.

2009-01-23

79

10 Trends to Watch in Campus Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university presidents are increasingly called upon to make informed choices about technology. The rapidly shifting landscape makes it tough to keep up with change and innovation, let alone stay ahead of the curve. In this article, the authors discuss 10 trends to watch in campus technology. These trends are the following: (1) increased…

Martin, James; Samels, James E.

2007-01-01

80

ALBANY POLICE DEPARTMENT MIDTOWN NEIGHBORHOOD WATCH  

E-print Network

ALBANY POLICE DEPARTMENT MIDTOWN NEIGHBORHOOD WATCH (Established - Fall, 2005) VOLUNTEER at the Center Station of the Albany Police Department located at 536 Western Avenue near the intersection:___________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ (4) I HERERBY GIVE PERMISSION TO THE ALBANY POLICE DEPARTMENT TO CONDUCT A BACKGROUND INVESTIGATION

Linsley, Braddock K.

81

Should I Let My Child Watch Television?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the prevalence of autism has been increasing globally, there is a search for the causative factors behind the rise. The point of view presented here examines the possibility of children brought up in social deprivation and watching television being at higher risk for developing autistic symptoms. The association is evident in the clinical…

Bharadwaj, Balaji

2013-01-01

82

Scope on the Skies: Bird watching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In addition to offering great opportunities for planet viewing, this summer is also a god time for observing Earth-orbiting satellites, or "bird-watching." There are several thousand satellites (not counting our Moon) in orbit around our planet. However,

Riddle, Bob

2010-07-01

83

TOURISM SITES WHALE/ PUFFIN/ ICEBERG WATCHING***  

E-print Network

TOURISM SITES WHALE/ PUFFIN/ ICEBERG WATCHING*** Colberts Puffin & Whale Tours Bauline East 1 * Pier 7 Harbour Dr. 1-866-720-1888 http://icebergquest.com/ Molly Bawn Whale & Puffin Witless Bay Mobile 1-709-334-2621 Tours Off Season: 1-709-691-0047 http://mollybawn.com/ Mullowney's Puffin and Whale

deYoung, Brad

84

The Quartz Analog Watch: A Wonder Machine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes how a quartz watch works. Discusses the quartz crystal, its form, and how its frequency is set to a standard; the integrated circuit chip that drives the crystal in vibration, scales its frequency down, and forms pulses that turn the motor; and the motor that drives the gear train that turns the hands. (ZWH)

Crane, H. Richard, Ed.

1993-01-01

85

Water Watch Program Overview. Background Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lakes, streams, and wetlands serve many purposes for the people of the state of Kentucky and are necessary and valued elements of its natural resources. The Water Watch program promotes individual responsibility for a common resource, educates people about the use and protection of local water resources, provides recreational opportunities through…

Kentucky State Div. of Water, Frankfort. Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet.

86

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are on their scheduled shift. (c) Suicide watch log. Observers are to document...will: (1) Remove the inmate from suicide watch when the inmate is no longer at imminent risk for suicide, or (2) Arrange for the...

2010-07-01

87

NOAA Coral Reef Watch Calcification Index of Coral Reef Ecosystems  

E-print Network

NOAA Coral Reef Watch Calcification Index of Coral Reef Ecosystems NOAANOAA''ss Coral Reef Watch:Coral) NOAA/NESDIS/STAR/SO and Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) NOAA Coral Matrix Silver Spring, Maryland #12;Presentation Outline · NOAA Coral Reef Watch ­ Mission and Challenges · Research Impetus

Kuligowski, Bob

88

46 CFR 131.980 - Lookouts and watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Lookouts and watches. 131.980 Section 131.980 Shipping...Miscellaneous § 131.980 Lookouts and watches. Nothing in this part exonerates any master or officer of the watch from the consequences of any...

2011-10-01

89

47 CFR 80.303 - Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). 80...STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Coast Station Safety Watches § 80.303 Watch on 156.800...

2011-10-01

90

Forest Watch Workshop Agenda July 11, 12 and 13, St. Johnsbury School, St. Johnsbury, VT  

E-print Network

symptoms of ground-level ozone damage, Data Submission. Measuring leaf area and assessing leaf health. 10:00-10:30 What is Forest Watch? Green Canary's Warning from indicator species of trees Background on ground-level ozone, air quality effects on forest health Regional and global issues of climate change 10

Pringle, James "Jamie"

91

An unmanned watching system using video cameras  

SciTech Connect

Techniques for detecting intruders at a remote location, such as a power plant or substation, or in an unmanned building at night, are significant in the field of unmanned watching systems. This article describes an unmanned watching system to detect trespassers in real time, applicable both indoors and outdoors, based on image processing. The main part of the proposed system consists of a video camera, an image processor and a microprocessor. Images are input from the video camera to the image processor every 1/60 second, and objects which enter the image are detected by measuring changes of intensity level in selected sensor areas. This article discusses the system configuration and the detection method. Experimental results under a range of environmental conditions are given.

Kaneda, K.; Nakamae, E. (Hiroshima Univ. (Japan)); Takahashi, E. (Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (Japan)); Yazawa, K. (Toko Electric Corp. (JP))

1990-04-01

92

Australian Weather Watch Radar Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology's Weather Watch Radar website provides up-to-date radar images of the locations of rain in Australia in relation to local features such as coast lines. The newly developed Loops provide four consecutive radar images so that users can view how the weather has been changing in the last forty to fifty minutes. The website provides radar images of past cyclone events as well as updates on severe weather throughout Australia. Those interested in radar systems can discover how the weather radars work and how to interpret the maps. [RME

93

The IHW island network. [International Halley Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Early astronomical photography of comets at perihelion encouraged the establishment of an International Halley Watch (IHW) Team for regularly photographing the Comet. The February 1986 period was particularly troublesome due to the limitations of cometary visibility in the Southern Hemisphere. Schmidt cameras were placed on Tahiti, Easter Island, Faraday Station on the Antarctic Peninsula, Reunion Island and in South Africa. Blue- and red-filter B/W images were obtained every night and color prints were occasionally shot. Each night's images were examined before the next night's photography. Several interesting anecdotes are recounted from shipping, manning and operation of the telescopes.

Niedner, Malcolm B., Jr.; Liller, William

1987-01-01

94

Ad-hoc Processing with the CoastWatch Utilities  

E-print Network

/NOAA/NESDIS CoastWatch Format: CoastWatch HDF version 3.4 Variable information: Variable Type Dimensions Units Scale Show this help message. -t, --type=TYPE Set attribute value type for writing. TYPE may be 'string', 'byte', 'short', 'int', 'long', 'float', or 'double'. -V, --variable=STRING Set variable to which

95

46 CFR 131.980 - Lookouts and watches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...this part exonerates any master or officer of the watch from the consequences of any neglect to keep a proper lookout or to maintain a proper fire watch, or of any neglect of any precaution that may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, by...

2010-10-01

96

Watching a Cursor Distorts Haptically Guided Reproduction of Mouse Movement  

E-print Network

Watching a Cursor Distorts Haptically Guided Reproduction of Mouse Movement Roberta L. Klatzky Participants moved a mouse along a force-feedback-defined linear path, either without vision or while watching the movement without visual feedback. Errors increased with gain, reaching 70% overesti- mation at the highest

Klatzky, Roberta

97

The CoastWatch Data Analysis Tool Peter Hollemans  

E-print Network

for each open file Preferences for: · Initial data enhancement range · Color palette · Date and timeThe CoastWatch Data Analysis Tool Peter Hollemans SES Inc. Contractor for NOAA/NESDIS October, 2003 #12;October, 2003 Peter Hollemans, SES Inc. Contractor for NOAA/ NESDIS CoastWatch Data Analysis Tool

98

'Forest Watch' A Partners and Community Crime Prevention  

E-print Network

Local Authorities · Why is there a need for 'Forest Watch'? Following a six month police secondment the forests that is affecting not only the key partners but more importantly the local communities that lie in and around forested land · The existence of a 'Forest Watch' scheme and visible signs notifying people

99

Gender Roles and Night-Sky Watching among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the relationship between gender roles and night-sky watching in a sample of college students (N=161). The Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Noctcaelador Inventory (NI) were used to investigate the differences between gender role groups for night-sky watching. The results supported the hypothesis that androgynous…

Kelly, William E.; McGee, Catherine M.

2012-01-01

100

Examining What Older Adults Read and Watch on TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading and television preferences of 58 adults over 65 and 39 younger adults were compared. More younger people watched entertainment programs. More older blacks than whites read religious materials and watched TV for news; more older whites read leisure materials and viewed entertainment. More older people disliked TV violence. Overall, most…

Scales, Alice M.

1996-01-01

101

47 CFR 80.310 - Watch required by voluntary vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz...Voluntary vessels equipped with VHF-DSC equipment must maintain a watch on 2182...Voluntary vessels equipped with MF-HF DSC equipment must have the radio turned...

2011-10-01

102

47 CFR 80.310 - Watch required by voluntary vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Voluntary vessels not equipped with DSC must maintain a watch on 2182 kHz...Voluntary vessels equipped with VHF-DSC equipment must maintain a watch on 2182...Voluntary vessels equipped with MF-HF DSC equipment must have the radio turned...

2010-10-01

103

Human Rights Watch: Defending Human Rights Worldwide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an independent, international nongovernmental organization with offices in 21 cities around the world (and field posts in 20 additional countries). Founded in 1978, HRW seeks to enforce fair treatment of all citizens, regardless of country, through investigation and publication of abuses. Each year, the group puts out a comprehensive World Report, which can be downloaded from the web site free of charge. The 2014 report features updates on dozens of countries, as well as analyses of themes such as The Human Rights Case for Drug Reform. For an overview of this essential document, read the Keynote, delivered by Kenneth Roth. Links to Essays, Photos and Videos, and Publications take the reader deeper into the HRWâÂÂs recent findings.

2014-01-01

104

Human Rights Watch: Reports on China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human Rights Watch/Asia offers a number of reports and press releases on human rights abuses in China and Tibet. The State Visit of Chinese President Jiang Zemin last week represented a thaw in official Sino-US Relations, which have been somewhat chilly since Tiananmen in 1989. Despite reaching agreements on a broad range of security, economic, environmental and law-enforcement issues, the two Presidents were clearly far apart on the issue of human rights. While President Clinton made mention of the right to political and religious expression, President Jiang expressed the need for political and social stability in his country. On the whole, both leaders have achieved their goals. President Clinton has secured China's cooperation on several issues, most importantly arms control and trade, while the state dinner and formal ceremony recognized China's role as a key player in the world economy and Jiang's international position as its head of state.

Human Rights Watch (Organization).

1998-01-01

105

77 FR 38817 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5644-N-02] Credit Watch Termination Initiative; Termination of...HUD-approved mortgagees through the FHA Credit Watch Termination Initiative. This notice includes...and placement of FHA lenders on Credit Watch status (an evaluation period). In...

2012-06-29

106

77 FR 9622 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Applications for Watch Duty-Exemption and 7113...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Comment Request; Applications for Watch Duty-Exemption and 7113 Jewelry Duty-Refund Program...Law 108-429, to administer the distribution of watch duty- exemptions and watch and jewelry duty-refunds to program producers...

2012-02-17

107

76 FR 66035 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Application for Insular Watch and Jewelry...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Application for Insular Watch and Jewelry Program Benefits AGENCY: International...Departments) to administer the distribution of watch duty-exemptions and watch and jewelry duty-refunds to program producers...

2011-10-25

108

Forest Watch: Using Student Data to Monitor Forest Response to Ground-Level Ozone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forest Watch, a k-12 science outreach program begun at the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in 1991, has engaged pre-college students in providing UNH researchers with data on the annual response of white pine (Pinus strobus; a bio-indicator species for ozone exposure) to ground-level ozone across the New England region. Each year, student-collected growth and foliar symptomology data for 5

S. Spencer; B. N. Rock

2006-01-01

109

Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association of time watching television (TV) and physical activity with obesity in the Mediterranean area of Spain with the highest prevalence of obesity.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SETTING: Valencia Region in Spain.PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 814 men and 958 women, aged 15 y and older, participating in a Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 1994.MEASUREMENTS: Height and weight

J Vioque; A Torres; J Quiles

2000-01-01

110

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention. ...305 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY...305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety...

2010-10-01

111

VarioWatch: providing large-scale and comprehensive annotations on human genomic variants in the next generation sequencing era.  

PubMed

VarioWatch (http://genepipe.ncgm.sinica.edu.tw/variowatch/) has been vastly improved since its former publication GenoWatch in the 2008 Web Server Issue. It is now at least 10?000-times faster in annotating a variant. Drastic speed increase, through complete re-design of its working mechanism, makes VarioWatch capable of annotating millions of human genomic variants generated from next generation sequencing in minutes, if not seconds. While using MegaQuery of VarioWatch to quickly annotate variants, users can apply various filters to retrieve a subgroup of variants according to the risk levels, interested regions, etc. that satisfy users' requirements. In addition to performance leap, many new features have also been added, such as annotation on novel variants, functional analyses on splice sites and in/dels, detailed variant information in tabulated form, plus a risk level decision tree regarding the analyzed variant. Up to 1000 target variants can be visualized with our carefully designed Genome View, Gene View, Transcript View and Variation View. Two commonly used reference versions, NCBI build 36.3 and NCBI build 37.2, are supported. VarioWatch is unique in its ability to annotate comprehensively and efficiently millions of variants online, immediately delivering the results in real time, plus visualizes up to 1000 annotated variants. PMID:22618869

Cheng, Yu-Chang; Hsiao, Fang-Chih; Yeh, Erh-Chan; Lin, Wan-Jia; Tang, Cheng-Yang Louis; Tseng, Huan-Chin; Wu, Hsing-Tsung; Liu, Chuan-Kun; Chen, Chih-Cheng; Chen, Yuan-Tsong; Yao, Adam

2012-07-01

112

Trial watch: Cardiac glycosides and cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds sharing the ability to operate as potent inhibitors of the plasma membrane Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, hence promoting-via an indirect mechanism-the intracellular accumulation of Ca(2+) ions. In cardiomyocytes, increased intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations exert prominent positive inotropic effects, that is, they increase myocardial contractility. Owing to this feature, two CGs, namely digoxin and digitoxin, have extensively been used in the past for the treatment of several cardiac conditions, including distinct types of arrhythmia as well as contractility disorders. Nowadays, digoxin is approved by the FDA and indicated for the treatment of congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter with rapid ventricular response, whereas the use of digitoxin has been discontinued in several Western countries. Recently, CGs have been suggested to exert potent antineoplastic effects, notably as they appear to increase the immunogenicity of dying cancer cells. In this Trial Watch, we summarize the mechanisms that underpin the unsuspected anticancer potential of CGs and discuss the progress of clinical studies that have evaluated/are evaluating the safety and efficacy of CGs for oncological indications. PMID:23525565

Menger, Laurie; Vacchelli, Erika; Kepp, Oliver; Eggermont, Alexander; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-02-01

113

Trial Watch: Monoclonal antibodies in cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Since the advent of hybridoma technology, dating back to 1975, monoclonal antibodies have become an irreplaceable diagnostic and therapeutic tool for a wide array of human diseases. During the last 15 years, several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been approved by FDA for cancer therapy. These mAbs are designed to (1) activate the immune system against tumor cells, (2) inhibit cancer cell-intrinsic signaling pathways, (3) bring toxins in the close proximity of cancer cells, or (4) interfere with the tumor-stroma interaction. More recently, major efforts have been made for the development of immunostimulatory mAbs that either enhance cancer-directed immune responses or limit tumor- (or therapy-) driven immunosuppression. Some of these antibodies, which are thought to facilitate tumor eradication by initiating or sustaining a tumor-specific immune response, have already entered clinical trials. In this Trial Watch, we will review and discuss the clinical progress of the most important mAbs that are have entered clinical trials after January 2008. PMID:22720209

Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vacchelli, Erika; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zucman-Rossi, Jessica; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido

2012-01-01

114

Y2K Global Status Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Will Y2K be a big yawner or the end of the world as we know it? Either way, users can keep track of worldwide events via this site (provided, of course, they have power and a working phone line). Created by the International Y2K Cooperation Center, the Global Status Watch will serve as a central source for country-specific information on Y2K and infrastructure status. Other governments and the general public can visit the site during the date rollover to view a country summary Webpage which will show the status of all reporting countries and when the information was submitted. The summary page will also offer links to each country's individual report and its national Y2K Webpage. The country summary will be available beginning December 28 and continuing into January as long as needed. A selection of additional Y2K resources is available at the International Y2K Cooperation Center homepage, including surveys, a calender, Y2K coordinator contact information, conference proceedings, and tools and templates.

115

Watching your weight? The relations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating in young girls.  

PubMed

Although previous research showed that the thin ideal provided by the media affects body image and eating behaviour in young children, less is known about specific media contents that are related to body image and eating behaviour. This study tested the associations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating directly, and indirectly through thin ideal internalisation. We conducted a survey in class, in which 245 girls (aged 7-9) completed scales on their television watching behaviour, thin ideal internalisation, body dissatisfaction and restrained eating. Additionally, height and weight were measured. Watching soaps and music television often was associated with higher thin ideal internalisation, which in turn was associated with higher body dissatisfaction and restrained eating. Furthermore, a direct association between watching soaps and music television and restrained eating was found. If watching other types of children's programmes or maternal encouragement to be thin were included in the models, watching soaps and music television remained an important factor, especially with regard to restrained eating. Therefore, our results suggest that if young girls watch soaps and music television often, this is related to higher restrained eating and body dissatisfaction, directly or indirectly, through higher thin ideal internalisation. PMID:20205044

Anschutz, Doeschka; Engels, Rutger; Leeuwe, Jan Van; Strien, Tatjana van

2009-11-01

116

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2011-07-01

117

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2012-07-01

118

28 CFR 552.42 - Suicide watch conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...42 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.42 Suicide watch conditions. (a) Housing. Each institution must have one or more...

2013-07-01

119

Developing a Student-Scientist Partnership: Boreal Forest Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the functions of the Boreal Forest Watch including the scope, level of student involvement, goals, and nature of the data collection. Details student involvement at the forest site. Contains 18 references. (DDR)

Spencer, Shannon; Huczek, George; Muir, Bradley

1998-01-01

120

Flammable gas project: Criteria for flammable gas watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

The Flammable Gas Watch List is the listing of tanks that are subject to the provisions of Public Law 101-510, Section 3137, ``Safety Measures for Waste Tanks at Hanford Nuclear Reservation`` (Appendix A). Tanks on the Flammable Gas Watch List are judged to have a serious potential for release of high-level waste due to the ignition of flammable gases released from the waste in the tank. The purpose of this document is to provide criteria for identifying and categorizing the Hanford Site high4evel waste tanks to be included on the Flammable Gas Watch List. This document also provides criteria on which to base a recommendation to remove tanks from the Flammable Gas Watch List.

Cash, R.J.

1997-01-29

121

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) Operating Procedures for Distress and Safety Communications § 80.1123 Watch requirements for ship stations....

2011-10-01

122

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) Operating Procedures for Distress and Safety Communications § 80.1123 Watch requirements for ship stations....

2010-10-01

123

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) Operating Procedures for Distress and Safety Communications § 80.1123 Watch requirements for ship stations....

2013-10-01

124

47 CFR 80.1123 - Watch requirements for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) Operating Procedures for Distress and Safety Communications § 80.1123 Watch requirements for ship stations....

2012-10-01

125

Watch Dog detector for beam diagnostic in hadrontherapy application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Watch Dog" is a beam monitor designed for medical accelerators, that will be installed at the end of the CNAO (Centro Nazionale di Adroterapia Oncologica) extraction lines. Its main goal is to achieve a real time monitoring of the beam position during patient treatments; the system can generate an interlock signal in case the measured quantity is out of the nominal range. In this paper the Watch Dog is described, and preliminary tests are presented.

Rojatti, E.; Bazzano, G.; Bosser, J.; Caldara, M.; Calvi, G.; Lanzavecchia, L.; Parravicini, A.; Pullia, M.; Viviani, C.

2013-12-01

126

Spontaneous Action Representation in Smokers when Watching Movie Characters Smoke  

PubMed Central

Do smokers simulate smoking when they see someone else smoke? For regular smokers, smoking is such a highly practiced motor skill that it often occurs automatically, without conscious awareness. Research on the brain basis of action observation has delineated a frontopareital network that is commonly recruited when people observe, plan or imitate actions. Here, we investigated whether this action observation network would be preferentially recruited in smokers when viewing complex smoking cues, such as those occurring in motion pictures. Seventeen right-handed smokers and seventeen non-smokers watched a popular movie while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging. Using a natural stimulus, such as a movie, allowd us to keep both smoking and non-smoking participants naïve to the goals of the experiment. Brain activity evoked by scenes of movie smoking was contrasted with non-smoking control scenes which were matched for frequency and duration. Compared to non-smokers, smokers showed greater activity in left anterior intraparietal sulcus and inferior frontal gyrus, both regions involved in the simulation of contralateral hand-based gestures, when viewing smoking vs. control scenes. These results demonstrate that smokers spontaneously represent the action of smoking when viewing others smoke, the consequence of which may make it more difficult to abstain from smoking. PMID:21248113

Wagner, Dylan D.; Cin, Sonya Dal; Sargent, James D.; Kelley, William M.; Heatherton, Todd F.

2013-01-01

127

Temporal trend and sources of speciated atmospheric mercury at Waliguan GAW station, Northwestern China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements of speciated atmospheric mercury were conducted at a remote mountain-top station (Waliguan (WLG) Baseline Observatory) at the edge of northeastern part of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Western China. Mean concentrations of total gaseous mercury (TGM), particulate bound mercury (PBM), and gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM) during the whole sampling campaign were 1.98±0.98 ng m-3, 19.4±18.1 pg m-3, and 7.4±4.8 pg m-3, respectively. Levels of speciated Hg at WLG were slightly higher than those reported from remote areas of North America and Europe. Both regional sources and long-rang transport played important roles in the distribution of atmospheric TGM and PBM at WLG, whereas GOM showed major links to the regional sources, likely as well as the in-situ productions via photochemical processes. Regional sources for speciated Hg were mostly located to the east of WLG, which is the most industrial and urbanized areas of Qinghai province. Potential source contribution function (PSCF) results showed that eastern Gansu, western Ningxia and Shanxi Province were likely the potential source regions of WLG, with good accordance with locations of urban areas and industrial centers. Moreover, we found that Northern India may be a significant source region for WLG during the sampling campaign, and this is the first published evidence suggesting long-range transport of atmospheric Hg from India to the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Seasonal and diurnal variations of TGM were in contrast to most of the previous studies in China, with relatively higher levels in warm seasons and night, respectively. The temporal trend of TGM also highlighted the impact of long-range transport on the distribution of TGM in ambient air at WLG.

Fu, X. W.; Feng, X.; Liang, P.; Deliger; Zhang, H.; Ji, J.; Liu, P.

2012-02-01

128

Trial watch: Peptide vaccines in cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Prophylactic vaccination constitutes one of the most prominent medical achievements of history. This concept was first demonstrated by the pioneer work of Edward Jenner, dating back to the late 1790s, after which an array of preparations that confer life-long protective immunity against several infectious agents has been developed. The ensuing implementation of nation-wide vaccination programs has de facto abated the incidence of dreadful diseases including rabies, typhoid, cholera and many others. Among all, the most impressive result of vaccination campaigns is surely represented by the eradication of natural smallpox infection, which was definitively certified by the WHO in 1980. The idea of employing vaccines as anticancer interventions was first theorized in the 1890s by Paul Ehrlich and William Coley. However, it soon became clear that while vaccination could be efficiently employed as a preventive measure against infectious agents, anticancer vaccines would have to (1) operate as therapeutic, rather than preventive, interventions (at least in the vast majority of settings), and (2) circumvent the fact that tumor cells often fail to elicit immune responses. During the past 30 y, along with the recognition that the immune system is not irresponsive to tumors (as it was initially thought) and that malignant cells express tumor-associated antigens whereby they can be discriminated from normal cells, considerable efforts have been dedicated to the development of anticancer vaccines. Some of these approaches, encompassing cell-based, DNA-based and purified component-based preparations, have already been shown to exert conspicuous anticancer effects in cohorts of patients affected by both hematological and solid malignancies. In this Trial Watch, we will summarize the results of recent clinical trials that have evaluated/are evaluating purified peptides or full-length proteins as therapeutic interventions against cancer. PMID:23264902

Vacchelli, Erika; Martins, Isabelle; Eggermont, Alexander; Fridman, Wolf Hervé; Galon, Jerome; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Tartour, Eric; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2012-12-01

129

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2011-10-01

130

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2013-10-01

131

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2010-10-01

132

47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80.309 Section 80.309 Telecommunication...Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch...

2012-10-01

133

Temporal trend and sources of speciated atmospheric mercury at Waliguan GAW station, northwestern China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements of speciated atmospheric mercury were conducted at a remote mountain-top station (WLG) at the edge of northeastern part of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, western China. Mean concentrations of total gaseous mercury (TGM), particulate mercury (PHg), and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) during the whole sampling campaign were 1.98 ± 0.98 ng m-3, 19.4 ± 18.1 pg m-3, and 7.4 ± 4.8 pg m-3, respectively. Levels of speciated Hg at WLG were slightly higher than those reported from remote areas of North America and Europe. Both regional emissions and long-rang transport played a remarkable role in the distribution of TGM and PHg in ambient air at WLG, whereas RGM showed major links to the regional sources, likely as well as the in-situ productions by photochemical processes. Regional sources for speciated Hg were mostly located to the east of WLG, which is the most developed areas of Qinghai province and accounted for most of the province's anthropogenic Hg emissions. Potential source contribution function (PSCF) results showed a strong impact of long-range transport from eastern Gansu, western Ningxia and Shanxi Province, with good accordance with locations of urban areas and industrial centers. Moreover, we found that northern India was also an important source region of WLG during the sampling campaign, and this is the first time of direct evidence of long-range transport of atmospheric Hg from India to northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Seasonal and diurnal variations of TGM were in contrast with most of the previous studies in China, with relatively higher levels in warm seasons and night, respectively. The temporal trend of TGM also highlighted the impact of long-range transport on the distribution of TGM in ambient air at WLG.

Fu, X. W.; Feng, X.; Liang, P.; Deli-Geer; Zhang, H.; Ji, J.; Liu, P.

2011-11-01

134

FIRE WATCH PROCEDURES FOR GREEK FACILITIES A Fire Watch is a physical inspection conducted when a building's fire alarm and/or sprinkler system is not  

E-print Network

FIRE WATCH PROCEDURES FOR GREEK FACILITIES Background A Fire Watch is a physical inspection conducted when a building's fire alarm and/or sprinkler system is not operational. During a Fire Watch, a responsible occupant actively looks for evidence of smo ke and fire, listens for in-room smoke detectors

Rubloff, Gary W.

135

Making the Venus Concept Watch 1.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past year we have celebrated the 50th anniversary of planetary exploration, which started with the Venus flyby of Mariner-2; and the 35th anniversary of the Pioneer-Venus multi-probe mission where one large and three small probes descended to the surface of Venus, encountering extreme environmental conditions. At the surface of Venus the temperature is about 460 °C, and the pressure is 92 bar, with a highly corrosive super-critical CO2 atmosphere. At a Venusian altitude of 50 km the pressure and temperature conditions are near Earth-like, but the clouds carry sulfuric acid droplets. Deep probe missions to Jupiter and Saturn, targeting the 100 bar pressure depth encounter similar pressure and temperature conditions as the Pioneer-Venus probes did. Mitigating these environments is highly challenging and requires special considerations for designs and materials. While assessing such space mission concepts, we have found that there is an overlap between the extreme environments in planetary atmospheres and the environments experienced by deep-sea explorers back on Earth. Consequently, the mitigation approaches could be also similar between planetary probes and diver watches. For example, both need to tolerate about 100 bar of pressure-although high temperatures are not factors on Earth. Mitigating these environments, the potential materials are: titanium for the probe and the watch housing; sapphire for the window and glass; resin impregnated woven carbon fiber for the aeroshell's thermal protection system and for the face of the watch; and nylon ribbon for the parachute and for the watch band. Planetary probes also utilize precision watches; thus there is yet another crosscutting functionality with diver watches. Our team, from the Innovation Design Engineering Program of the Royal College of Art, has designed and built a concept watch to commemorate these historical events, while highlighting advances in manufacturing processes over the past three to five decades, relevant to both future planetary mission designs and can be used to produce deep diver watches. In this paper we describe our design considerations; give a brief overview of the extreme environments these components would experience on both Venus and Earth; the manufacturing techniques and materials we used to build the Venus Watch; and its outreach potential to bring a distant concept of planetary exploration closer to Earth. We will also address lessons learned from this project and new ideas forward, for the next generation of this concept design.

Balint, Tibor S.; Melchiorri, Julian P.

2014-08-01

136

NewsWatch: A Consumer's Guide to the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).

137

Watch - a low-cost, secure-item monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a remote sensor package that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Originally, the package was intended for use in valve monitoring, but it is now possible to use it in any sensor application where hardwire installation is impractical or uneconomical. Full system implementation includes a receiver/controller which correlates the arrival time of RF signals generated by item-monitoring transmitters to increase communication security. Wireless Alarm Transmission of Contained Handling (WATCH) is such a system. One important application of WATCH is in storage vaults where there are a number of material containers. Applying WATCH to inventory control reduces inventory workload and employee exposure rates; the system also provides quick access to inventory information by interfacing the system with plant site computer systems.

Sanderson, S.N.

1987-07-01

138

Source regions for CO2 at Cape Point assessed by modelling, 222Rn and meteorological data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores methods of characterising experimental and modelling data to see if trace gas measurements at the Cape Point GAW station could improve our understanding of sources from the continent. Selection criteria have been defined which make it possible to divide the samples into categories with predominant transport to Cape Point from one of four source regions: City (greater

S. Whittlestone; E. Kowalczyk; E.-G Brunke; C. Labuschagne

2009-01-01

139

Additional flow field studies of the GA(W)-1 airfoil with 30-percent chord Fowler flap including slot-gap variations and cove shape modifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experimental measurements were made to determine the effects of slot gap opening and flap cove shape on flap and airfoil flow fields. Test model was the GA(W)-1 airfoil with 0.30c Fowler flap deflected 35 degrees. Tests were conducted with optimum, wide and narrow gaps, and with three cove shapes. Three test angles were selected, corresponding to pre-stall and post-stall conditions. Reynolds number was 2,200,000 and Mach number was 0.13. Force, surface pressure, total pressure, and split-film turbulence measurements were made. Results were compared with theory for those parameters for which theoretical values were available.

Wentz, W. H., Jr.; Ostowari, C.

1983-01-01

140

Human Rights Watch: For Immediate Release  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost two years after the ICC prosecutor announced the opening of the investigation, the court last month issued a sealed arrest warrant against Thomas Lubanga, leader of the Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC), an armed group responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Ituri region of north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The warrant, unsealed today, charges Lubanga

D. R. Congo

141

Seeing with Cameras watching public spaces, laser radar detectors measuring  

E-print Network

- pret data from security cameras so as to automatically raise alarms in dangerous situations. HoweverSeeing with Computers Cameras watching public spaces, laser radar detectors measuring distances, such as airports, that are monitored by many cameras. The researchers are working to analyze cues like appearance

Hill, Wendell T.

142

Porch Talk: Reading "Their Eyes Were Watching God."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a four-week unit of study for an 11th-grade honors class on Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." Notes how they listened to the novel on audiocassette; discussed it in "Porch Groups"; reflected on what they read and heard in their notebooks; responded to each other's entries during Notebook Swaps; and invited a visiting…

Garrigues, Lisa

2003-01-01

143

FOREST WATCH DATA BOOK 2010-2011 Published January 2012  

E-print Network

Watch program studies the effects of ground-level ozone on the health of New England's forests. K-12 that the white pine is a bio-indicator, sensitive to air pollution and ground-level or tropospheric ozone tropospheric ozone when levels climb. White pine, research finds, may close stomata at very high levels

Pringle, James "Jamie"

144

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities  

E-print Network

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics, monitors employment trends in Milwaukee and the nation's 50 largest cities. In addition, the Center also compares employment trends in Milwaukee to a smaller and more

Saldin, Dilano

145

Invitation/Program Technology Watch Day on Future Biofuels  

E-print Network

Invitation/Program Technology Watch Day on Future Biofuels and 4. TMFB International Workshop;International Research Centers Focussing on Future Biofuels are Presenting Their Research Approaches and Current Concerning Future Biofuels DBFZ ­ Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum M. Seiffert, F. Mueller-Langer German

146

Making Sense of the Change: Missouri Children's Budget Watch Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In preparing for changes in federal funding policies the state of Missouri is one of 13 states to participate in the Children's Budget Watch Project, which documents expenditures on children's programs for the fiscal years 1990, 1993, 1994 and 1995. This report from the Citizens for Missouri's Children presents data on Missouri's expenditures in a…

Citizens for Missouri's Children, St. Louis.

147

Foreign-Grammar Acquisition while Watching Subtitled Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Past research has shown that watching a subtitled foreign movie (i.e. foreign language in the soundtrack and native language in the subtitles) leads to considerable foreign-language vocabulary acquisition; however, acquisition of the grammatical rules has failed to emerge. Aims: The aim of this study was to obtain evidence for the…

Van Lommel, Sven; Laenen, Annouschka; d'Ydewalle, Gery

2006-01-01

148

African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

2004-01-01

149

BRIEF COMMUNICATION ``Turtle watching'' conservation guidelines: green turtle  

E-print Network

2008 / Accepted: 10 August 2009 / Published online: 27 August 2009 Ã? Springer Science+Business Media BBRIEF COMMUNICATION ``Turtle watching'' conservation guidelines: green turtle (Chelonia mydas mydas) in a non-consumptive manner. Although the concept of a social safe- minimum standard analysis

Taggart, Christopher

150

Watch Out for Children: A Mothers' Statement to Advertisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report explains that all adults must watch out for all children, cautioning that marketing is harmful to children. Advertisers are aggressively targeting age groups that, until recently, have been considered off-limits and occupying more of children's psychic and physical space. The report presents a commitment by mothers to all children to…

Institute for American Values, New York, NY.

151

Electromagnetic Dancer: Connect Her Up and Watch Her Dance!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use a nail and magnet wire to build an electromagnet, which controls the movements of a paper dancer. Learners will enjoy watching the dancer swirl around when they activate the electromagnet. Use this activity to help learners explore circuits, electromagnets, and currents. Includes pictures, detailed steps for construction, and focus questions to enhance learning.

Workshop, Watsonville E.

2011-01-01

152

SATELLITE IMAGING OF TEMPORAL PHENOMENA Because the World is Watching  

E-print Network

SATELLITE IMAGING OF TEMPORAL PHENOMENA Because the World is Watching For Further Information out, providing good approximations to the data actually collected. Detailed analysis of the satellite, and other movement over water. Previously imaged targets rotate with frequencies on the order of 1 Hz

153

Motivation for Participation in Online Neighborhood Watch Communities: An Empirical  

E-print Network

Motivation for Participation in Online Neighborhood Watch Communities: An Empirical Study Involving--This paper presents a three-part experiment de- signed to investigate the motivations of users of a community versions of an invitation email which differ by expressing one of four possible motivations for using

Golbeck, Jennifer

154

Berry Head - SeaWatch SW in 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In 2008 I put in 276 hours of seawatching at Berry Head, between 18 June-10 November, as a contribution to the SeaWatch SW Project. An extremely unsettled summer contributed to ideal seawatching conditions on many days. Good numbers of Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus (the main target species) were seen, with over 700 birds recorded and a mean passage rate

Mark Darlaston

155

Beyond the Mussel Watch — new directions for monitoring marine pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing numbers and types of potential pollutants in the world oceans calls for novel strategies for their assays. The ‘Mussel Watch’ well served the latter decades of the 20th century. For the immediate future, individual assays of the chemicals of concern should be replaced by the analyses of groups of pollutants which have a common impact upon marine organisms.

Edward D Goldberg; Kathe K Bertine

2000-01-01

156

Monarch Watch: Dedicated to Education, Conservation and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Monarch Watch contains information on monarch butterfly natural history and research, with an emphasis on opportunities for amateur and professional involvement in monarch monitoring and conservation. This site adds an important new avenue for collaboration between professional and amateur entomologists in the growing field of insect conservation.

1997-01-01

157

The CoastWatch Data Analysis Tool: Status and  

E-print Network

The CoastWatch Data Analysis Tool: Status and Future Peter Hollemans, Terrenus Earth Sciences Earth Sciences Consultant for NOAA/NESDISAugust, 2008 Talk Outline · About CDAT · Current Release · Future Releases 2 #12;About CDAT Current Release Future Releases Peter Hollemans, Terrenus Earth Sciences

158

Autumn Hawk Migration: Activities for a Schoolyard Hawk Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests activities for the study of hawk migration: development of identification skills using the accompanying flying hawk silhouettes, photographs, and drawings; binocular spotting games; selection and outfitting of a hawk watching station; follow-up map study; ecological and historical perspectives. (NEC)

Highsmith, R. Tod

1980-01-01

159

Kathleen England watches her image transmitted to shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kathleen England watches her image transmitted to her husband in the shuttle via the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX). Looking on are amateur radio operators employed at JSC: Gil Carman (WA5NOM); Lou McFaddin (WSDIO), and Candy Torres (KASUKJ).

1985-01-01

160

Kathleen England watches her image transmitted to shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kathleen England (foreground and on monitor) watches her image transmitted to her husband in the shuttle via the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX). Looking on are amateur radio operators employed at JSC: Gil Carman (WA5NOM); Lou McFaddin (WSDIO), and Candy Torres (KASUKJ).

1985-01-01

161

Sun Watching Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock  

E-print Network

29 Sun Watching Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock Lesson 4: Making a Sun Clock A major factor contributing toward our concept of time is based on the apparent motion of the Sun. In this activity, students will construct Pocket Sun Clocks. They are challenged to determine the correct orientation needed for the Sun

Maxwell, Bruce D.

162

How Surfers Watch: Measuring audience response to video advertising online  

E-print Network

television set- top box data to measure audience response to specific TV ads. This paper presents how similar analyzes anonymized television set-top box data for thousands of TV ads aired each day [5] and usesHow Surfers Watch: Measuring audience response to video advertising online Sundar Dorai-Raj Google

Tomkins, Andrew

163

47 CFR 80.302 - Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...impairment of service involving a distress watch. 80.302 Section 80.302 Telecommunication...STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Coast Station Safety Watches § 80.302 Notice of...

2011-10-01

164

47 CFR 80.302 - Notice of discontinuance, reduction, or impairment of service involving a distress watch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...impairment of service involving a distress watch. 80.302 Section 80.302 Telecommunication...STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Coast Station Safety Watches § 80.302 Notice of...

2010-10-01

165

49 CFR 1560.107 - Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft operators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY SECURE FLIGHT PROGRAM Collection and Transmission of Secure Flight Passenger Data for Watch List Matching § 1560.107 Use of watch list...

2010-10-01

166

78 FR 30389 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel LITTLE BAY WATCH; Invitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel LITTLE BAY WATCH; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...the applicant the intended service of the vessel LITTLE BAY WATCH is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Snorkel trips...

2013-05-22

167

47 CFR 80.303 - Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). 80.303 Section...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Watch on 156.800 MHz (Channel 16). (a) During...discontinuance. Automated maritime communications systems' compliance...

2010-10-01

168

47 CFR 80.148 - Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16). 80.148 ...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED...Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16). Each compulsory...used for exchanging communications. For GMDSS...

2010-10-01

169

The global economic impact of manta ray watching tourism.  

PubMed

As manta rays face increased threats from targeted and bycatch fisheries, manta ray watching tourism, if managed properly, may present an attractive economic alternative to consumptive use of these species. Both species in the genus Manta (Manta alfredi and Manta birostris) are classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List as species Vulnerable to extinction in the wild, and are considered unsustainable as fisheries resources due to their conservative life history characteristics, which considerably reduce their ability to recover population numbers when depleted. Utilising dive operator surveys, Internet research, and a literature review, this study provides the first global estimate of the direct economic impact of manta ray watching tourism and examines the potential socio-economic benefits of non-consumptive manta ray watching operations relative to consumptive use of manta rays as a fishery resource. In the 23 countries in which manta ray watching operations meeting our criteria were identified, we estimated direct revenue to dive operators from manta ray dives and snorkels at over US$73 million annually and direct economic impact, including associated tourism expenditures, of US$140 million annually. Ten countries account for almost 93% of the global revenue estimate, specifically Japan, Indonesia, the Maldives, Mozambique, Thailand, Australia, Mexico, United States, Federated States of Micronesia and Palau. In many of the areas where directed fisheries for manta rays are known to occur, these activities overlap with manta ray tourism sites or the migratory range of the mantas on which these sites depend, and are likely to be unsustainable and detrimental to manta ray watching tourism. PMID:23741450

O'Malley, Mary P; Lee-Brooks, Katie; Medd, Hannah B

2013-01-01

170

The Global Economic Impact of Manta Ray Watching Tourism  

PubMed Central

As manta rays face increased threats from targeted and bycatch fisheries, manta ray watching tourism, if managed properly, may present an attractive economic alternative to consumptive use of these species. Both species in the genus Manta (Manta alfredi and Manta birostris) are classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List as species Vulnerable to extinction in the wild, and are considered unsustainable as fisheries resources due to their conservative life history characteristics, which considerably reduce their ability to recover population numbers when depleted. Utilising dive operator surveys, Internet research, and a literature review, this study provides the first global estimate of the direct economic impact of manta ray watching tourism and examines the potential socio-economic benefits of non-consumptive manta ray watching operations relative to consumptive use of manta rays as a fishery resource. In the 23 countries in which manta ray watching operations meeting our criteria were identified, we estimated direct revenue to dive operators from manta ray dives and snorkels at over US$73 million annually and direct economic impact, including associated tourism expenditures, of US$140 million annually. Ten countries account for almost 93% of the global revenue estimate, specifically Japan, Indonesia, the Maldives, Mozambique, Thailand, Australia, Mexico, United States, Federated States of Micronesia and Palau. In many of the areas where directed fisheries for manta rays are known to occur, these activities overlap with manta ray tourism sites or the migratory range of the mantas on which these sites depend, and are likely to be unsustainable and detrimental to manta ray watching tourism. PMID:23741450

O'Malley, Mary P.; Lee-Brooks, Katie; Medd, Hannah B.

2013-01-01

171

Forest Watch: Using Student Data to Monitor Forest Response to Ground-Level Ozone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forest Watch, a k-12 science outreach program begun at the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in 1991, has engaged pre-college students in providing UNH researchers with data on the annual response of white pine (Pinus strobus; a bio-indicator species for ozone exposure) to ground-level ozone across the New England region. Each year, student-collected growth and foliar symptomology data for 5 pine trees adjacent to their schools, along with first-year foliar samples, are submitted to UNH. Key foliar symptoms and student data are compared with summer monthly (JJA) maximum ozone concentrations collected by state and federal ozone monitoring stations across the region. To date, tree health indicators are inversely correlated (r2=0.83;p=0.10) with ozone concentrations: low ozone levels correlate with symptoms of good health (spectral indices diagnostic of high foliar chlorophyll levels and moisture content, normal incremental growth, low number of foliar symptoms), while summers characterized by high ozone concentrations correlate with symptoms of reduced health (low chlorophyll indices and moisture content, reduced incremental growth, increased number of foliar symptoms). In drought years (1999, 2001, 2002, 2003) few foliar symptoms of ozone damage are seen even though ozone levels were high, likely due to drought-induced stomatal closure. Based on student data since 1998, either low ozone summers, or drought summers have resulted in improved health in the sampled trees (n=30). Based on the success of Forest Watch in New England, we are exploring the extension of the program to Colorado as Front Range Forest Watch, operated from Colorado State University (CSU). The primary objective is to develop a student-scientist-local agency project that addresses real ecological issues in northern Colorado, including ozone pollution, and to provide pre-college students and teachers authentic science experiences. CSU runs a GK-12 program with Poudre School District in northern Colorado, which infuses ecology graduate students into the public school system to assist in the delivery of science content. The extension of Forest Watch to northern Colorado will provide a test-bed for the possible extension of the program to the rest of the state.

Spencer, S.; Rock, B. N.

2006-12-01

172

MarketWatch: Map of the Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wall Street Journal magazine of personal business SmartMoney.com provides this new financial tool for investors. The Map of the Market allows users to customize their own color-coded maps of stock activity for up to 500 companies. Map regions are divided by industry sector, and each area yields detailed company earnings reports, analyst recommendations, and business news with a click of the mouse. Note: red/green colorblind users may alter map colors to blue/yellow with the Map Control Panel.

173

Globe Watch. Teachers' Guide for Globe Watch IV: Mexico, Canada, Finland, Japan, the Arms Race, the Iran-Iraq War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the use of the Globe Watch IV public television series, produced jointly by Hampden-Sydney College (Virginia) and the University of North Carolina Center for Public Television, each lesson in this guide provides: (1) a statement of the objective of the program; (2) a synopsis of the issue discussed; (3) background information; (4) brief…

Turner, Ginny

174

33 CFR 80.155 - Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY. 80.155...LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.155 Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY. (a) A line drawn from Watch Hill Light to East Point on Fishers...

2010-07-01

175

Losing Sleep to Watch the Night-Sky: The Relationship between Sleep-Length and Noctcaelador  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of history, humans have been watching the night-sky (Hawkins, 1983). Historically, individuals have watched the night-sky for aesthetic appreciation and to gain insights and knowledge (Brecher & Feirtag, 1979). Despite the long history of night-sky watching among humans and the apparent importance of the behavior to large groups of…

Kelly, William E.; Rose, Callie

2005-01-01

176

The Dalles Lock and Dam welcomes raptor (and human) visitors during Eagle Watch 2013  

E-print Network

, which led to development of the annual Eagle Watch three years ago. The Eagle Watch is held bonfire and hot cocoa. In addition to eagle watching, volunteers taught children about bald eagle anatomy visitors loved seeing these living birds up close." #12;

US Army Corps of Engineers

177

47 CFR 80.147 - Watch on 2182 kHz.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watch on 2182 kHz. 80.147 Section 80.147 Telecommunication...Requirements and Procedures Shipboard General Purpose Watches § 80.147 Watch on 2182 kHz. Ship stations must maintain a...

2011-10-01

178

33 CFR 401.60 - Listening watch and notice of arrival.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Listening watch and notice of arrival. 401.60 Section...Communications § 401.60 Listening watch and notice of arrival. (a) Vessels shall be on radio listening watch on the applicable assigned...

2010-07-01

179

33 CFR 401.60 - Listening watch and notice of arrival.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Listening watch and notice of arrival. 401.60 Section...Communications § 401.60 Listening watch and notice of arrival. (a) Vessels shall be on radio listening watch on the applicable assigned...

2011-07-01

180

33 CFR 80.155 - Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY. 80...DEMARCATION LINES Atlantic Coast § 80.155 Watch Hill, RI to Montauk Point, NY. (a) A line drawn from Watch Hill Light to East Point on Fishers...

2011-07-01

181

49 CFR 1560.107 - Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft operators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft operators...Transmission of Secure Flight Passenger Data for Watch List Matching § 1560.107 Use of watch list matching results by covered aircraft...

2011-10-01

182

47 CFR 80.147 - Watch on 2182 kHz.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watch on 2182 kHz. 80.147 Section 80.147 Telecommunication...Requirements and Procedures Shipboard General Purpose Watches § 80.147 Watch on 2182 kHz. Ship stations must maintain a...

2010-10-01

183

Seagrass-Watch: Engaging Torres Strait Islanders in marine habitat monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Involvement in scientifically structured habitat monitoring is a relatively new concept to the peoples of Torres Strait. The approach we used was to focus on awareness, and to build the capacity of groups to participate using Seagrass-Watch as the vehicle to provide education and training in monitoring marine ecosystems. The project successfully delivered quality scientifically rigorous baseline information on the seasonality of seagrasses in the Torres Strait—a first for this region. Eight seagrass species were identified across the monitoring sites. Seagrass cover varied within and between years. Preliminary evidence indicated that drivers for seagrass variability were climate related. Generally, seagrass abundance increased during the north-west monsoon ( Kuki), possibly a consequence of elevated nutrients, lower tidal exposure times, less wind, and higher air temperatures. Low seagrass abundance coincided with the presence of greater winds and longer periods of exposure at low tides during the south-east trade wind season ( Sager). No seasonal patterns were apparent when frequency of disturbance from high sedimentation and human impacts was high. Seagrass-Watch has been incorporated in to the Thursday Island High School's Marine Studies Unit ensuring continuity of monitoring. The students, teachers, and other interested individuals involved in Seagrass-Watch have mastered the necessary scientific procedures to monitor seagrass meadows, and developed skills in coordinating a monitoring program and skills in mentoring younger students. This has increased the participants' self-esteem and confidence, and given them an insight into how they may participate in the future management of their sea country.

Mellors, Jane E.; McKenzie, Len J.; Coles, Robert G.

2008-09-01

184

The association between television watching time and all-cause mortality after breast cancer  

PubMed Central

Purpose Sedentary time is a rapidly emerging independent risk factor for mortality in the general population, but its prognostic effect among cancer survivors is unknown. In a multiethnic, prospective cohort of breast cancer survivors, we hypothesized that television watching time would be independently associated with an increased risk of death from any cause. Methods The Health, Eating, Activity and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study cohort included 687 women diagnosed with local or regional breast cancer. On average 30 (± 4) months postdiagnosis, , women completed self-report assessments on time spent sitting watching television/videos in a typical day in the previous year. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for death from any cause (n=89) during the 7 years of follow-up. Results Television time (top tertile vs. bottom tertile) was positively related to risk of death (HR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.02, 3.66, ptrend=0.024) but the association was attenuated and not statistically significant after adjustment for aerobic moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity (HR: 1.70, 95% CI: 0.89, 3.22, ptrend=0.14) and all covariates (HR: 1.39, 95% CI: 0.69, 2.82, ptrend=0.48). Conclusion In this first published investigation on this topic, we did not observe a statistically significant multivariate-adjusted association between television watching time and risk of death among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Implications for Cancer Survivors These results begin an evidence base on this topic that can be built upon to inform lifestyle recommendations for this expanding, aging population. PMID:23378061

George, Stephanie M.; Smith, Ashley W.; Alfano, Catherine M.; Bowles, Heather R.; Irwin, Melinda L.; McTiernan, Anne; Bernstein, Leslie; Baumgartner, Kathy B.; Ballard-Barbash, Rachel

2013-01-01

185

Refocusing Mussel Watch on contaminants of emerging concern (CECs): the California pilot study (2009-10).  

PubMed

To expand the utility of the Mussel Watch Program, local, regional and state agencies in California partnered with NOAA to design a pilot study that targeted contaminants of emerging concern (CECs). Native mussels (Mytilus spp.) from 68 stations, stratified by land use and discharge scenario, were collected in 2009-10 and analyzed for 167 individual pharmaceuticals, industrial and commercial chemicals and current use pesticides. Passive sampling devices (PSDs) and caged Mytilus were co-deployed to expand the list of CECs, and to assess the ability of PSDs to mimic bioaccumulation by Mytilus. A performance-based quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) approach was developed to ensure a high degree of data quality, consistency and comparability. Data management and analysis were streamlined and standardized using automated software tools. This pioneering study will help shape future monitoring efforts in California's coastal ecosystems, while serving as a model for monitoring CECs within the region and across the nation. PMID:23886247

Maruya, Keith A; Dodder, Nathan G; Schaffner, Rebecca A; Weisberg, Stephen B; Gregorio, Dominic; Klosterhaus, Susan; Alvarez, David A; Furlong, Edward T; Kimbrough, Kimani L; Lauenstein, Gunnar G; Christensen, John D

2014-04-30

186

Evaluating the Completeness and Accuracy of MedWatch Data.  

PubMed

The Food and Drug Administration's MedWatch system-a voluntary surveillance program-received 600,000 adverse event reports on marketed drugs and devices in 2011. The Food and Drug Administration credits the MedWatch system with improving awareness, and expediting early detection, of drug and device risks and in illuminating the adoption of medical treatments. Reporting bias has been acknowledged as a limitation of the MedWatch system. No systematic assessment of the accuracy and completeness of adverse event reporting has been conducted, yet inaccurate adverse event reporting may lead drug safety professionals to draw incorrect conclusions, manufacturers may be wrongly forced to suspend and withdraw medications and interventions, health professionals may mistakenly alter their clinical practices, and patients may be denied safe and effective treatments. In 2011, the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development gathered and analyzed 10.2 million adverse event reports filed with the MedWatch system. Patient information was generally complete and accurate. Suspect product information, on the other hand, showed high levels of incomplete and inaccurate data. Start and end dates of suspect product use had 37% and 23% completion rates, respectively. Dosage level was completed only 31% of the time, and product lot numbers had only a 9% completion rate. More than 25% of the names of reported suspect products were inaccurate, and 31% of suspect product start dates were inaccurate. Higher levels of completion and accuracy were associated with reports filed closer to the date when the adverse event was observed. Implications of the results and suggested improvements are discussed. PMID:23011177

Getz, Kenneth A; Stergiopoulos, Stella; Kaitin, Kenneth I

2014-01-01

187

Watching cartoons activates the medial prefrontal cortex in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) of human adults is involved in attributing mental states to real human agents but not\\u000a to virtual artificial characters. This study examined whether such differential MPFC activity can be observed in children\\u000a who are more fascinated by cartoons than adults. We measured brain activity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)\\u000a while 10-year-old children watched movie

ShiHui Han; Yi Jiang; Glyn W. Humphreys

2007-01-01

188

Watch Globally, Think Locally CON-CAN Movie Festival  

E-print Network

CORTO TOKYO 2010 Watch Globally, Think Locally 12 18 12 19 12 20 70 CON-CAN Movie Festival CON-CAN Movie Festival Presents www.con-can.com #12;90 COMPETITION 1 : Play Expression COMPETITION 2 : Twilight TOKYO 2010 CON-CAN Movie Festival 151-0051 4-14-4 SK 4F Tel: 03-5414-6532 E-mail : cortokyo

Kasahara, Hironori

189

The experience of watching dance: phenomenological–neuroscience duets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses possible correspondences between neuroscientific findings and phenomenologically informed methodologies\\u000a in the investigation of kinesthetic empathy in watching dance. Interest in phenomenology has recently increased in cognitive\\u000a science (Gallagher and Zahavi 2008) and dance scholars have recently contributed important new insights into the use of phenomenology in dance studies (e.g.\\u000a Legrand and Ravn (Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

Corinne Jola; Shantel Ehrenberg; Dee Reynolds

190

Watching the Birth of a Galaxy Cluster?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First Visiting Astronomers to VLT ANTU Observe the Early Universe When the first 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescope (ANTU) was "handed over" to the scientists on April 1, 1999, the first "visiting astronomers" at Paranal were George Miley and Huub Rottgering from the Leiden Observatory (The Netherlands) [1]. They obtained unique pictures of a distant exploding galaxy known as 1138 - 262 . These images provide new information about how massive galaxies and clusters of galaxies may have formed in the early Universe. Formation of clusters of galaxies An intriguing question in modern astronomy is how the first galaxies and groupings or clusters of galaxies emerged from the primeval gas produced in the Big Bang. Some theories predict that giant galaxies, often found at the centres of rich galaxy clusters, are built up through a step-wise process. Clumps develop in this gas and stars condense out of those clumps to form small galaxies. Finally these small galaxies merge together to form larger units. An enigmatic class of objects important for investigating such scenarios are galaxies which emit intense radio emission from explosions that occur deep in their nuclei. The explosions are believed to be triggered when material from the merging swarm of smaller galaxies is fed into a rotating black hole located in the central regions. There is strong evidence that these distant radio galaxies are amongst the oldest and most massive galaxies in the early Universe and are often located at the heart of rich clusters of galaxies. They can therefore help pinpoint regions of the Universe in which large galaxies and clusters of galaxies are being formed. The radio galaxy 1138-262 The first visiting astronomers pointed ANTU towards a particularly important radio galaxy named 1138-262 . It is located in the southern constellation Hydra (The Water Snake). This galaxy was discovered some years ago using ESO's 3.5-m New Technology Telescope (NTT) at La Silla. Because 1138-262 is at a distance of about 10,000 million light-years from the Earth (the redshift is 2.2), the VLT sees it as it was when the Universe was only about 20% of its present age. Previous observations of this galaxy by the same team of astronomers showed that its radio, X-ray and optical emission had many extreme characteristics that would be expected from a giant galaxy, forming at the centre of a rich cluster. However, because the galaxy is so distant, the cluster could not be seen directly. Radio data obtained by the Very Large Array (VLA) in the USA and X-ray data with the ROSAT satellite both indicated that the galaxy is surrounded by a hot gas similar to that observed at the centres of nearby rich clusters of galaxies. Most telling was a picture taken by the Hubble Space Telescope that revealed that the galaxy comprises a large number of clumps, and which bore a remarkable resemblance to computer models of the birth of giant galaxies in clusters. From these observations, it was concluded that 1138-262 is likely to be a massive galaxy in the final stage of assemblage through merging with many smaller galaxies in an infant rich cluster and the most distant known X-ray cluster. VLT obtains Lyman-alpha images ESO PR Photo 33a/99 ESO PR Photo 33a/99 [Preview - JPEG: 483 x 400 pix - 86k] [Normal - JPEG: 966 x 800 pix - 230k] [High-Res - JPEG: 2894 x 2396 pix - 1.1M] Caption to ESO PR Photo 33a/99 : False-colour picture of the ionized hydrogen gas surrounding 1138-262 (Lyman-alpha). The size of this cloud is about 5 times larger than the optical extent of the Milky Way Galaxy. A contour plot, as observed with VLT ANTU + FORS1 in a narrow-band filter around the wavelength of the redshifted Lyman-alpha line, is superposed on a false-colour representation of the same image. The contour levels are a geometric progression in steps of 2 1/2. The image has not been flux calibrated, so the first contour level is arbitrary. The field measures 35 x 25 arcsec 2 , corresponding to about 910,000 x 650,000 light-years (280 x 200 kpc). The linear scale is indicated at the lower left

1999-07-01

191

Uncertainty intervention for watchful waiting in prostate cancer.  

PubMed

Watchful waiting is a reasonable alternative to treatment for some older men with localized prostate cancer, but it inevitably brings uncertainty. This study tested the effectiveness of the watchful waiting intervention (WWI) in helping men cognitively reframe and manage the uncertainty of watchful waiting. Based on Mishel's Reconceptualized Uncertainty in Illness Theory (Image. 1990; 256-262), the WWI was tested with a convenience sample of 41 men. Experimental subjects received 5 weekly intervention calls from a nurse. Control subjects received usual care. Outcomes were new view of life, mood state, quality of life, and cognitive reframing. Repeated measures of analysis of variance were used to test the effectiveness of the WWI. The sample was 86% Caucasian and 14% African American, with an average age of 75.4 years. Intervention subjects were significantly more likely than controls to view their lives in a new light (P = .02) and experience a decrease in confusion (P = .04) following the intervention. Additionally, intervention subjects reported greater improvement in their quality of life than did controls (P = .01) and believed their quality of life in the future would be better than did controls (P = .01). This study's findings document the benefits of the WWI for patients living with uncertainty. PMID:15525860

Bailey, Donald E; Mishel, Merle H; Belyea, Michael; Stewart, Janet L; Mohler, James

2004-01-01

192

GRANAT\\/WATCH catalogue of cosmic gamma-ray bursts December 1989 to September 1994  

E-print Network

We present the catalogue of gamma-ray bursts observed with the WATCH all-sky monitor on board the GRANAT satellite during the period December 1989 to September 1994. The cosmic origin of 95 bursts comprising the catalogue is confirmed either by their localization with WATCH or by their detection with other GRB experiments. For each burst its time history and information on its intensity in the two energy ranges 8-20 keV and 20-60 keV are presented. Most events show hardening of the energy spectrum near the burst peak. In part of the bursts an X-ray precursor or a tail is seen at 8-20 keV. We have determined the celestial positions of the sources of 47 bursts. Their localization regions (at 3-sigma confidence level) are equivalent in area to circles with radii ranging from 0.2 to 1.6 deg. The burst sources appear isotropically distributed on the sky on large angular scales.

Sazonov, S Y; Terekhov, O V; Lund, N; Brandt, S; Castro-Tirado, A J; Sazonov, Sergei Y.; Sunyaev, Rashid A.; Terekhov, Oleg V.; Lund, Niels; Brandt, Soren; Castro-Tirado, Alberto J.

1997-01-01

193

GRANAT/WATCH catalogue of cosmic gamma-ray bursts: December 1989 to September 1994  

E-print Network

We present the catalogue of gamma-ray bursts observed with the WATCH all-sky monitor on board the GRANAT satellite during the period December 1989 to September 1994. The cosmic origin of 95 bursts comprising the catalogue is confirmed either by their localization with WATCH or by their detection with other GRB experiments. For each burst its time history and information on its intensity in the two energy ranges 8-20 keV and 20-60 keV are presented. Most events show hardening of the energy spectrum near the burst peak. In part of the bursts an X-ray precursor or a tail is seen at 8-20 keV. We have determined the celestial positions of the sources of 47 bursts. Their localization regions (at 3-sigma confidence level) are equivalent in area to circles with radii ranging from 0.2 to 1.6 deg. The burst sources appear isotropically distributed on the sky on large angular scales.

Sergei Y. Sazonov; Rashid A. Sunyaev; Oleg V. Terekhov; Niels Lund; Soren Brandt; Alberto J. Castro-Tirado

1997-08-18

194

This paper examines the parallels in the development of the watch and the wearable computer. It discusses how the  

E-print Network

computer. It discusses how the locations where the watch was worn on the body has changed over time, examines a variety of user interfaces for watches, and looks at how the watch affected cultural concepts of the body on which watches have been worn and how these have changed through the ages. Then Section 3

Martin, Tom

195

From: Volcano Watch, September 26, 1997 Volcano Watch, a weekly feature written by scientists at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, is  

E-print Network

From: Volcano Watch, September 26, 1997 Volcano Watch, a weekly feature written by scientists at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, is posted on the HVO Web site (http zone of Mauna Loa Volcano in historic time. The 1919 Alika eruption was the most voluminous historical

196

Intimate partner violence in the Canadian territorial north: perspectives from a literature review and a media watch  

PubMed Central

Introduction Family violence is a complex, multidimensional and pervasive presence in many Aboriginal communities. Although practitioners acknowledge that intimate partner violence (IPV) is a grave concern in the North, as in other jurisdictions in Canada, there is a paucity of literature about IPV and the local response to that violence. Objective The purpose of this study is to report on a synthesis of Northern Territorial literature and a 3-year media watch conducted in the Canadian territories. Design This review is part of a multidisciplinary 5-year study occurring in the Northwest Territories (NT) and northern regions of the Prairie Provinces of Canada. The methods included a review of the literature through CINAHL, PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Social Sciences Index and JSTOR (1990–2012) combined with a media watch from 2009 to 2012. A thematic content analysis was completed. Results Themes included: colonization; alcohol and substance use; effects of residential schooling; housing inadequacies; help-seeking behaviors; and gaps within the justice system. Identified themes from the media watch were: murders from IPV; reported assaults and criminal charges; emergency protection orders; and awareness campaigns and prevention measures. Conclusion When synthesized, the results of the literature review and media surveillance depict a starting context and description of IPV in the Canadian territories. There are many questions left unanswered which build support for the necessity of the current research, outline the public outcry for action in local media and identify the current published knowledge about IPV. PMID:23986894

Moffitt, Pertice; Fikowski, Heather; Mauricio, Marshirette; Mackenzie, Anne

2013-01-01

197

Listening, watching, and reading: the structure and correlates of entertainment preferences.  

PubMed

People spend considerable amounts of time and money listening to music, watching TV and movies, and reading books and magazines, yet almost no attention in psychology has been devoted to understanding individual differences in preferences for such entertainment. The present research was designed to examine the structure and correlates of entertainment genre preferences. Analyses of the genre preferences of more than 3,000 individuals revealed a remarkably clear factor structure. Using multiple samples, methods, and geographic regions, data converged to reveal five entertainment-preference dimensions: Communal, Aesthetic, Dark, Thrilling, and Cerebral. Preferences for these entertainment dimensions were uniquely related to demographics and personality traits. Results also indicated that personality accounted for significant proportions of variance in entertainment preferences over and above demographics. The results provide a foundation for developing and testing hypotheses about the psychology of entertainment preferences. PMID:20649744

Rentfrow, Peter J; Goldberg, Lewis R; Zilca, Ran

2011-04-01

198

An Environmental Watch System for the Andean countries: El Observatorio Andino  

E-print Network

An experimental Environmental Watch System, the so-called Observatorio Andino-OA (Observatorio Andino), has been implemented in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile over the past two years. The OA is a collaborative and regional network that aims to monitor several environmental variables and develop accurate forecasts based on different scientific tools. Its overall goal is to improve risk assessments, set up Early Warning Systems, support decision-making processes, and provide easily- and intuitively-understandable spatial maps to end-users. The initiative works under the scientific and logistic coordination of the Centro de Modelado Cient\\'ifico (CMC) at Zulia University, Venezuela, and the Centro Internacional para la Investigaci\\'on del Fen\\'omeno 'El Ni\\~no' (CIIFEN), and is operated at a local level by the National Weather Services (NWSs) of the aforementioned six Andean nations. The OA provides several freely-available model outputs including meteorological and hydrological forecasts...

Muñoz, Ángel G; Velasquez, Ramon; Monterrey, Luis; Leon, Gloria; Ruiz, Franklyn; Recalde, Cristina; Cadena, Jaime; Mejia, Raul; Paredes, Marcos; Bazo, Juan; Reyes, Carmen; Carrasco, Gualberto; Castellon, Yaruska; Villarroel, Claudia; Quintana, Juan; Urdaneta, Avel

2010-01-01

199

The Canadian Ozone Watch and UV-B advisory programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ozone Watch, initiated in March, 1992, is a weekly bulletin describing the state of the ozone layer over Canada. The UV-B advisory program, which started in May, 1992, produces daily forecasts of clear-sky UV-B radiation. The forecast procedures use daily ozone measurements from the eight-station monitoring network, the output from the Canadian operational forecast model and a UV-B algorithm based on three years of spectral UV-B measurements with the Brewer spectrophotometer.

Kerr, J. B.; Mcelroy, C. T.; Tarasick, D. W.; Wardle, D. I.

1994-01-01

200

Radical Prostatectomy or Watchful Waiting in Early Prostate Cancer  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Radical prostatectomy reduces mortality among men with localized prostate cancer; however, important questions regarding long-term benefit remain. METHODS Between 1989 and 1999, we randomly assigned 695 men with early prostate cancer to watchful waiting or radical prostatectomy and followed them through the end of 2012. The primary end points in the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group Study Number 4 (SPCG-4) were death from any cause, death from prostate cancer, and the risk of metastases. Secondary end points included the initiation of androgen-deprivation therapy. RESULTS During 23.2 years of follow-up, 200 of 347 men in the surgery group and 247 of the 348 men in the watchful-waiting group died. Of the deaths, 63 in the surgery group and 99 in the watchful-waiting group were due to prostate cancer; the relative risk was 0.56 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.41 to 0.77; P = 0.001), and the absolute difference was 11.0 percentage points (95% CI, 4.5 to 17.5). The number needed to treat to prevent one death was 8. One man died after surgery in the radical-prostatectomy group. Androgen-deprivation therapy was used in fewer patients who underwent prostatectomy (a difference of 25.0 percentage points; 95% CI, 17.7 to 32.3). The benefit of surgery with respect to death from prostate cancer was largest in men younger than 65 years of age (relative risk, 0.45) and in those with intermediate-risk prostate cancer (relative risk, 0.38). However, radical pros-tatectomy was associated with a reduced risk of metastases among older men (relative risk, 0.68; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS Extended follow-up confirmed a substantial reduction in mortality after radical prostatectomy; the number needed to treat to prevent one death continued to decrease when the treatment was modified according to age at diagnosis and tumor risk. A large proportion of long-term survivors in the watchful-waiting group have not required any palliative treatment. (Funded by the Swedish Cancer Society and others.) PMID:24597866

Bill-Axelson, Anna; Holmberg, Lars; Garmo, Hans; Rider, Jennifer R.; Taari, Kimmo; Busch, Christer; Nordling, Stig; Haggman, Michael; Andersson, Swen-Olof; Spangberg, Anders; Andren, Ove; Palmgren, Juni; Steineck, Gunnar; Adami, Hans-Olov; Johansson, Jan-Erik

2014-01-01

201

The television will be revolutionized: effects of PVRs and filesharing on television watching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates television-watching practices amongst early adopters of personal hard-disk video recorders (PVRs such as TiVo tm ) and Internet downloading of shows. Through in-depth interviews with early adopters, we describe how the rhythms of television watching change when decoupled from broadcast TV. For both the PVR users and downloaders TV watching has become less of a passive process,

Barry Brown; Louise Barkhuus

2006-01-01

202

Conference report. Women's perspectives: keeping a close watch.  

PubMed

Most individuals in the women's movement are happy with the accomplishments of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). Activists were able to introduce feminist discourse into world governments and have a term like "gender equality" used as freely as "mother's milk." Some women, however, critique that the conference will do little to empower women in any real sense. Whatever the long-term effects, it is clear that women and women's groups were required to put aside their confrontational politics and adopt a more organized, collaborative approach. The Women's Caucus at Cairo created Women Watching ICPD, a group to monitor if governments, donors, and service providers follow through with the commitments they made at the conference. Six nongovernmental organizations (NGO) from the North and South have already agreed to participate in the task force. The group promises to ensure an end to coercion and to make certain that positive recommendations are implemented. It will watch budgets, allocation processes, and decision makers, and try to ensure that NGOs monitoring international financial institutions make gender efforts central to their efforts. PMID:12319117

Datta, B

1994-01-01

203

Proposal of a remote watching system utilizing a smartphone and sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasing tendency that elderly people live separately from their children or relatives with the advance of low-birth-rate, aging society and the changes in living environment. Under such circumstances, a number of systems to remotely watch vulnerable people by utilizing sensor devices and communication functions have been proposed. Existing systems to watch vulnerable people are, however, mainly aiming

Daichi Kato; Hiroyuki Yamagishi; Hidekazu Suzuki; Eiji Konaka; Akira Watanabe

2011-01-01

204

Viewing Preferences, Symptoms of Psychological Trauma, and Violent Behaviors Among Children Who Watch Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo examine the extent to which children's television-viewing practices are associated with symptoms of psychological trauma and aggressive behaviors. The following three hypotheses were tested: (1) children who report watching greater amounts of television per day will report higher levels of trauma symptoms than children who report lesser amounts of television viewing; (2) children who report watching greater amounts of

MARK I. SINGER; KAREN SLOVAK; TRACEY FRIERSON; PETER YORK

1998-01-01

205

Television watching during lunch increases afternoon snack intake of young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eating while watching television has been shown to increase food intake in part due to the distracting effects of television viewing. It is also known that enhancing memory for the specific attributes of foods eaten in the recent past decreases subsequent food intake. Because distraction at the time of encoding interferes with memory formation, we predicted that television watching during

Suzanne Higgs; Morgan Woodward

2009-01-01

206

GRANAT\\/WATCH catalogue of cosmic gamma-ray bursts: December 1989 to September 1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the catalogue of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) observed with the WATCH all-sky monitor on board the GRANAT satellite during the period December 1989 to September 1994. The cosmic origin of 95 bursts comprising the catalogue is confirmed either by their localization with WATCH or by their detection with other GRB experiments. For each burst its time history and information

S. Y. Sazonov; R. A. Sunyaev; Oleg V. Terekhov; Niels Lund; Soren Brandt; A. J. Castro-Tirado

1998-01-01

207

Incidental Foreign-Language Acquisition by Children Watching Subtitled Television Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Series of international studies have shown that subtitled television programs provide a rich context for foreign language acquisition. This study investigated whether incidental language acquisition occurs from watching a television program with/without subtitles. Children in the experimental conditions watch: (a) a 15 minute snapshot of a well…

Ina, Lekkai

2014-01-01

208

P\\procedure\\EH&S#18 Page 1 of 4 TITLE FIRE WATCH POLICY  

E-print Network

of service. Fire watch service is a group of qualified people who patrol the affected areas of the building&S and Housing and Residential Life. When public assembly places are unoccupied, the decision will be made. Implement a fire watch in consultation with Housing and Residential Life, Facilities Planning, and FAUPD

Fernandez, Eduardo

209

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention...part II of title III of the Communications Act or chapter IV of the...do not interfere with the effectiveness of the watch. Use...part II of title III of the Communications Act or chapter IV of...

2011-10-01

210

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention...part II of title III of the Communications Act or chapter IV of the...do not interfere with the effectiveness of the watch. Use...part II of title III of the Communications Act or chapter IV of...

2013-10-01

211

47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention...part II of title III of the Communications Act or chapter IV of the...do not interfere with the effectiveness of the watch. Use...part II of title III of the Communications Act or chapter IV of...

2012-10-01

212

Male red-winged blackbirds ( Agelaius phoeniceus ) assess the RHP of neighbors by watching contests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation to fight and willingness to risk the use of dangerous weapons, two factors which can be decisive in predicting the winners of asymmetric animal contests, are readily bluffed in display. When contests are decided by motivation to fight or “daring”, more reliable information about contest asymmetries may be gained by watching actual fights than by watching displays. By presenting

Scott Freeman

1987-01-01

213

Media Richness and Social Norms in the Choice to Attend Lectures or to Watch Them Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lectures in a large psychology course were taped and posted online where they could be viewed by streaming video. All students in the course had the option to attend lectures or watch them online, a choice that could be exercised on a lecture-by-lecture basis. The proportion of lectures watched online revealed that students chose between…

Bassili, John N.

2008-01-01

214

Apple watch: has its time come? Charles Arthur for guardian.co.uk  

E-print Network

Apple watch: has its time come? Charles Arthur for guardian.co.uk Apple's next big thing will be a "smart watch" which will "fill a gaping hole in the Apple ecosystem" ­ at least according to one already being worked on inside Apple. With the company being sued by Greenlight Capital for hoarding its

South Bohemia, University of

215

GUARD/WATCH TOWER #S84 WITH RANGE POLE Naval Magazine Lualualei, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD/WATCH TOWER #S84 WITH RANGE POLE - Naval Magazine Lualualei, Waikele Branch, Guard-Watch Tower Type, On ridge above Tunnel CE-1, on Prime Road on ridge above Tunnel B-11, & on ridge above Tunnel C-17, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

216

WatchMe: Communication and Awareness Between Members of a Closely-Knit Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. WatchMe is a personal communicator with context awareness in a wristwatch form; it is meant to keep intimate friends and family always connected via awareness cues and text, voice instant message, or synchronous voice connectivity. Sensors worn with the watch track location (via GPS), acceleration, and speech activity; this is classified and conveyed to the other party, where it

Natalia Marmasse; Chris Schmandt; David Spectre

2004-01-01

217

CaregiverWatch LLC Safety for Your Loved One, Peace of Mind for You  

E-print Network

CaregiverWatch LLC Safety for Your Loved One, Peace of Mind for You CaregiverWatch LLC develops service, Internet con- nection or phone line connection. In more than 300 cumulative months of in unpaid care. Nighttime activity is a major safety concern since it results in 1) Earlier formal care

Jawitz, James W.

218

Do GPs have the techniques for 'watchful waiting' in glue ear?  

PubMed Central

'Watchful waiting' for glue ear in children within primary care as a precursor or alternative to surgery is one of the increasing pressures on general practitioners (GPs) to limit outpatient referrals. An equipment survey questions whether primary care is properly equipped to 'watch', given the limited access to audiological equipment that might objectively underpin a decision on when 'waiting' should end. PMID:9624753

Bennett, K; Higson, J; Haggard, M

1998-01-01

219

International Halley watch amateur observers' manual for scientific comet studies. Part 1: Methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Halley Watch is described as well as comets and observing techniques. Information on periodic Comet Halley's apparition for its 1986 perihelion passage is provided. Instructions are given for observation projects valuable to the International Halley Watch in six areas of study: (1) visual observations; (2) photography; (3) astrometry; (4) spectroscopic observations; (5) photoelectric photometry; and (6) meteor observations.

Edberg, S. J.

1983-01-01

220

Professional Wrestling: Can Watching It Bring Out Aggressive and Violent Behaviors in Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of viewing professional wrestling programs on first grade boys' violent and aggressive behavior. Interviews were conducted, in focus groups of 4 children, with 16 students who watched wrestling 4-6 hours a week. The children indicated that they enjoyed watching professional wrestling and that after viewing, they…

O'Sullivan, Caroline

221

The digital archive of the International Halley Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Halley Watch was established to coordinate, collect, archive, and distribute the scientific data from Comet P/Halley that would be obtained from both the ground and space. This paper describes one of the end products of that effort, namely the IHW Digital Archive. The IHW Digital Archive consists of 26 CD-ROM's containing over 32 gigabytes of data from the 9 IHW disciplines as well as data from the 5 spacecraft missions flown to comet P/Haley and P/Giacobini-Zinner. The total archive contains over 50,000 observations by 1,500 observers from at least 40 countries. The first 24 CD's, which are currently available, contain data from the 9 IHW disciplines. The two remaining CD's will have the spacecraft data and should be available within the next year. A test CD-ROM of these data has been created and is currently under review.

Klinglesmith, D. A., III; Niedner, M. B.; Grayzeck, E.; Aronsson, M.; Newburn, R. L.; Warnock, A., III

1992-01-01

222

Watchfully waiting: medical intervention as an optimal investment decision.  

PubMed

Watchfully waiting involves monitoring a patient's health state over time and deciding whether to undertake a medical intervention, or to postpone it and continue observing the patient. In this paper, we consider the timing of medical intervention as an optimal stopping problem. The development of the patient's health state in the absence of intervention follows a stochastic process (geometric Brownian motion). Spontaneous recovery occurs in case the absorbing state of "good health" is reached. We determine optimal threshold values for initiating the intervention, and derive comparative statics results with respect to the model parameters. In particular, an increase in the degree of uncertainty over the patient's development in most cases makes waiting more attractive. However, this may not hold if the patient's health state has a tendency to improve. The model can be extended to allow for risk aversion and for sudden, Poisson-type shocks to the patient's health state. PMID:22425768

Meyer, Elisabeth; Rees, Ray

2012-03-01

223

President and Mrs. Clinton watch launch of Space Shuttle Discovery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Watching a successful launch of Space Shuttle Discovery from the roof of the Launch Control Center are (left to right) U.S. President Bill Clinton, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, Astronaut Robert Cabana and NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin. This was the first launch of a Space Shuttle to be viewed by President Clinton, or any President to date. They attended the launch to witness the return to space of American legend John H. Glenn Jr., payload specialist on mission STS-95. Cabana will command the crew of STS-88, the first Space Shuttle mission to carry hardware to space for the assembly of the International Space Station, targeted for liftoff on Dec. 3.

1998-01-01

224

President and Mrs. Clinton watch launch of Space Shuttle Discovery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Watching a successful launch of Space Shuttle Discovery from the roof of the Launch Control Center are (left to right) Astronaut Eileen Collins (in flight suit) with unidentified companions, NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin, Astronaut Robert Cabana, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, and U.S. President Bill Clinton. This was the first launch of a Space Shuttle to be viewed by President Clinton, or any President to date. They attended the launch to witness the return to space of American legend John H. Glenn Jr., payload specialist on mission STS-95. Collins will command the crew of STS-93, the first woman to hold that position. Cabana will command the crew of STS-88, the first Space Shuttle mission to carry hardware to space for the assembly of the International Space Station, targeted for liftoff on Dec. 3.

1998-01-01

225

Watching TV and food intake: the role of content.  

PubMed

Obesity is a serious and growing health concern worldwide. Watching television (TV) represents a condition during which many habitually eat, irrespective of hunger level. However, as of yet, little is known about how the content of television programs being watched differentially impacts concurrent eating behavior. In this study, eighteen normal-weight female students participated in three counter-balanced experimental conditions, including a 'Boring' TV condition (art lecture), an 'Engaging' TV condition (Swedish TV comedy series), and a no TV control condition during which participants read (a text on insects living in Sweden). Throughout each condition participants had access to both high-calorie (M&Ms) and low-calorie (grapes) snacks. We found that, relative to the Engaging TV condition, Boring TV encouraged excessive eating (+52% g, P?=?0.009). Additionally, the Engaging TV condition actually resulted in significantly less concurrent intake relative to the control 'Text' condition (-35% g, P?=?0.05). This intake was driven almost entirely by the healthy snack, grapes; however, this interaction did not reach significance (P?=?0.07). Finally, there was a significant correlation between how bored participants were across all conditions, and their concurrent food intake (beta?=?0.317, P?=?0.02). Intake as measured by kcals was similarly patterned but did not reach significance. These results suggest that, for women, different TV programs elicit different levels of concurrent food intake, and that the degree to which a program is engaging (or alternately, boring) is related to that intake. Additionally, they suggest that emotional content (e.g. boring vs. engaging) may be more associated than modality (e.g. TV vs. text) with concurrent intake. PMID:24983245

Chapman, Colin D; Nilsson, Victor C; Thune, Hanna Å; Cedernaes, Jonathan; Le Grevès, Madeleine; Hogenkamp, Pleunie S; Benedict, Christian; Schiöth, Helgi B

2014-01-01

226

Watching TV and Food Intake: The Role of Content  

PubMed Central

Obesity is a serious and growing health concern worldwide. Watching television (TV) represents a condition during which many habitually eat, irrespective of hunger level. However, as of yet, little is known about how the content of television programs being watched differentially impacts concurrent eating behavior. In this study, eighteen normal-weight female students participated in three counter-balanced experimental conditions, including a ‘Boring’ TV condition (art lecture), an ‘Engaging’ TV condition (Swedish TV comedy series), and a no TV control condition during which participants read (a text on insects living in Sweden). Throughout each condition participants had access to both high-calorie (M&Ms) and low-calorie (grapes) snacks. We found that, relative to the Engaging TV condition, Boring TV encouraged excessive eating (+52% g, P?=?0.009). Additionally, the Engaging TV condition actually resulted in significantly less concurrent intake relative to the control ‘Text’ condition (?35% g, P?=?0.05). This intake was driven almost entirely by the healthy snack, grapes; however, this interaction did not reach significance (P?=?0.07). Finally, there was a significant correlation between how bored participants were across all conditions, and their concurrent food intake (beta?=?0.317, P?=?0.02). Intake as measured by kcals was similarly patterned but did not reach significance. These results suggest that, for women, different TV programs elicit different levels of concurrent food intake, and that the degree to which a program is engaging (or alternately, boring) is related to that intake. Additionally, they suggest that emotional content (e.g. boring vs. engaging) may be more associated than modality (e.g. TV vs. text) with concurrent intake. PMID:24983245

Chapman, Colin D.; Nilsson, Victor C.; Thune, Hanna A.; Cedernaes, Jonathan; Le Greves, Madeleine; Hogenkamp, Pleunie S.; Benedict, Christian; Schioth, Helgi B.

2014-01-01

227

Interim criteria for Organic Watch List tanks at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes interim criteria for identifying single-shell radioactive waste storage tanks at the Hanford Site that contain organic chemicals mixed with nitrate/nitrite salts in potentially hazardous concentrations. These tanks are designated as ``organic Watch List tanks.`` Watch List tanks are radioactive waste storage tanks that have the potential for release of high-level waste as a result of uncontrolled increases in temperature or pressure. Organic Watch List tanks are those Watch List tanks that contain relatively high concentrations of organic chemicals. Because of the potential for release of high-level waste resulting from uncontrolled increases in temperature or pressure, the organic Watch List tanks (collectively) constitute a Hanford Site radioactive waste storage tank ``safety issue.``

Babad, S.; Turner, D.A.

1993-09-01

228

76 FR 4284 - Foreign-Trade Zone 49-Newark, NJ Area; Application for Subzone; LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Newark, NJ Area; Application for Subzone; LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc. (Watches, Jewelry Products and Leather Goods); Springfield...status for the distribution facility of LVMH Watch & Jewelry U.S.A., Inc. (LVMH),...

2011-01-25

229

Study of short-lived climate forcers atmospheric variability at Kathmandu and at the WMO/GAW Global Station "Nepal Climate Observatory-Pyramid" (5079 m a.s.l.) in the Himalayas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aerosols and tropospheric ozone play a key role in the climate system, since they are short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs). South Asia represents a "hot-spot" in terms of climate change, since a vast region extending from the Indian Ocean to the Himalayas appears to be affected by large amounts of aerosols and pollutant gases (the so-called Atmospheric Brown Cloud). In the framework of the SusKat - ABC field campaign, a new measurement station has been installed in Pakanajol, Kathmandu (Nepal) on January 2013. This station is representative of the severe polluted conditions of the Kathmandu valley. Continuous measurements of equivalent black carbon (eqBC), surface ozone (O3), aerosol number concentration and size distribution, on-line PM10-PM1, as well as meteorological parameters, are carried out at this sampling site. In the high Himalayas (150 km north-east from Kathmandu), continuous atmospheric composition measurements are performed at the WMO/GAW Global Station Nepal Climate Observatory-Pyramid (NCO-P, 5079 m a.s.l.) in the Southern Himalayas. This measurement site is representative of the background conditions of the Himalayan ridge and measurements of eqBC, O3, aerosol number size distribution and meteorological parameters are continuously carried out since March 2006. The aim of this work is to compare the variability of atmospheric composition between the two sampling sites, with a particular emphasis on SLCFs, thus providing two complementary perspectives about the Atmospheric Brown Cloud phenomenon. Moreover, hints about the possible role of vertical air-mass transport of SLCFs from the foothills to the high Himalayas will be provided. The seasonal trend of eqBC at Pakanajol is characterized by a decreasing behavior from winter to monsoon, while at NCO-P it is characterized by a clear pre-monsoon maximum. On the other hand, at both sampling sites, O3 and particle number (accumulation and coarse) showed highest values during the pre-monsoon (April-May), even if at NCO-P significantly lower levels of eqBC and aerosol particle number (ratio 7% for eqBC, 29% for accumulation and 12% for coarse particles) were observed in respect to Kathmandu. Moreover, case studies concerning simultaneous events of eqBC and O3 increases in Kathmandu and in the high Himalayas will be investigated.

Putero, Davide; Cristofanelli, Paolo; Adhikary, Bhupesh; Marinoni, Angela; Duchi, Rocco; Calzolari, Francescopiero; Landi, Tony Christian; Pietro Verza, Gian; Alborghetti, Marcello; Vuillermoz, Elisa; Rupakheti, Maheswar; Lawrence, Mark; Bonasoni, Paolo

2014-05-01

230

75 FR 18787 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; The Swatch Group (U.S.) Inc. (Watch and Jewelry...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Authority for Subzone Status; The Swatch Group (U.S.) Inc. (Watch and Jewelry Warehousing and Distribution), Secaucus, NJ Pursuant...grants authority for subzone status for activity related to watch and jewelry warehousing and distribution at the facility...

2010-04-13

231

Watching you watching you  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of four parts. Part one is a written dialogue in which I respond to the words and the thoughts of the photographer, Diane Arbus. Through responding to Arbus' thoughts, I had hoped to make clear my own ...

Nagura, Hideji

1982-01-01

232

The Ulysses Supplement to the GRANAT/WATCH Catalog of Cosmic $\\gamma$-Ray Bursts  

E-print Network

We present 3rd interplanetary network (IPN) localization data for 56 gamma-ray bursts in the GRANAT/ WATCH catalog which occurred between 1990 November and 1994 September. These localizations are obtained by triangulation using various combinations of spacecraft in the IPN, which consisted of Ulysses, BATSE, Pioneer Venus Orbiter (PVO), Mars Observer (MO), WATCH, and PHEBUS. The intersections of the triangulation annuli with the WATCH error circles produce error boxes with areas as small as 16 sq. arcmin., reducing the sizes of the error circles by up to a factor of 800.

Hurley, K; Brandt, S; Barat, C; Cline, T; Sunyaev, R A; Terekhov, O V; Kuznetsov, A; Sazonov, S Y; Castro-Tirado, A J

2000-01-01

233

The Ulysses Supplement to the GRANAT/WATCH Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-print Network

We present 3rd interplanetary network (IPN) localization data for 56 gamma-ray bursts in the GRANAT/ WATCH catalog which occurred between 1990 November and 1994 September. These localizations are obtained by triangulation using various combinations of spacecraft in the IPN, which consisted of Ulysses, BATSE, Pioneer Venus Orbiter (PVO), Mars Observer (MO), WATCH, and PHEBUS. The intersections of the triangulation annuli with the WATCH error circles produce error boxes with areas as small as 16 sq. arcmin., reducing the sizes of the error circles by up to a factor of 800.

K. Hurley; N. Lund; S. Brandt; C. Barat; T. Cline; R. Sunyaev; O. Terekhov; A. Kuznetsov; S. Sazonov; A. Castro-Tirado

2000-01-03

234

CareWatch: A Home Monitoring System for Use in Homes of Persons With Cognitive Impairment  

PubMed Central

Currently, informal caregivers provide the bulk of care for persons with cognitive impairment who live in the home, often at significant cost in terms of their own physical, mental, and emotional health. This is a report of the development of a home monitoring system, CareWatch, designed for use in homes of persons with cognitive impairment such as Alzheimer’s disease. The purpose of CareWatch is to prevent unattended home exits, particularly during the night, and to improve caregiver sleep. We report on the development of CareWatch and on 2 clinical trials underway to test its effectiveness in the home setting. PMID:20454554

Rowe, Meredeth; Lane, Stephen; Phipps, Chad

2010-01-01

235

3-year chemical composition of free tropospheric PM1 at the Mt. Cimone GAW global station - South Europe - 2165 m a.s.l.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nocturnal organic and inorganic chemical characterization of fine (PM1) aerosol was carried out at the GAW global high mountain station of Mt. Cimone (CMN), from January 2009 to December 2011, in the framework of the EU-EUSAAR and ACTRIS programs. The station is located at the summit of the Northern Italian Apennines (2165 m a.s.l.) overlooking the polluted Po river basin and is considered representative of background conditions for Southern Europe/Northern Mediterranean. The concentrations of carbonaceous and ionic aerosol follow a typical seasonal trend, with maxima during summer and minima during winter. The average PM1 mass apportioned by the chemical analyses ranged between 1.2 ± 0.68 ?g m-3 (winter) and 5.0 ± 2.7 ?g m-3 (summer), with ca. 80% and 60%, respectively, accounted for by organic matter, mainly water-soluble (yearly average WSOC/TC ratio 0.67 ± 0.18), the remainder taking the form of ammonium salts. The fine fraction turned out to be mostly neutralized by ammonia, with a slight tendency to acidity during colder months. This seasonal cycle can be explained by the interplay between the local/mesoscale (vertical) and large-scale (advective) circulations. From mid-spring to late summer, stable anticyclonic conditions and increased turbulent mixing in the lower troposphere, associated to the thermal mountain wind system, induce convective/thermal uplift of air masses from the Po Valley to CMN, strongly altering the free tropospheric aerosol features. Conversely, higher vertical stability at the low levels and variable transport patterns related to the passage of synoptic disturbances over Northern Italy, determine a weaker influence of vertical transport of pollution on aerosol composition, during midfall-winter. At CMN, the synoptic-scale circulation regimes presented four principal contributions: Mediterranean, Western Europe, continental Europe and Eastern Europe.

Carbone, Claudio; Decesari, Stefano; Paglione, Marco; Giulianelli, Lara; Rinaldi, Matteo; Marinoni, Angela; Cristofanelli, Paolo; Didiodato, Attilio; Bonasoni, Paolo; Fuzzi, Sandro; Facchini, Maria Cristina

2014-04-01

236

Confined quantum Zeno dynamics of a watched atomic arrow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a quantum world, a watched arrow never moves. This is the quantum Zeno effect. Repeatedly asking a quantum system `are you still in your initial state?' blocks its coherent evolution through measurement back-action. Quantum Zeno dynamics (QZD; refs , ) gives more freedom to the system. Instead of pinning it to a single state, it sets a border in its evolution space. Repeatedly asking the system `are you beyond the border?' makes this limit impenetrable. As the border can be designed by choosing the measured observable, QZD allows one to dynamically tailor the system's Hilbert space. Recent proposals, particularly in the cavity quantum electrodynamics context, highlight the interest of QZD for quantum state engineering tasks, which are the key to quantum-enabled technologies and quantum information processing. We report the observation of QZD in the 51-dimensional Hilbert space of a large angular momentum J = 25. Continuous selective interrogation limits the evolution of this angular momentum to an adjustable multi-dimensional subspace. This confined dynamics leads to the production of non-classical `Schrödinger cat' states, quantum superpositions of angular momenta pointing in different directions. These states are promising for sensitive metrology of electric and magnetic fields. This QZD approach could also be generalized to cavity and circuit quantum electrodynamics experiments by replacing the angular momentum with a photonic harmonic oscillator.

Signoles, Adrien; Facon, Adrien; Grosso, Dorian; Dotsenko, Igor; Haroche, Serge; Raimond, Jean-Michel; Brune, Michel; Gleyzes, Sébastien

2014-10-01

237

Antibodies to watch in 2014: mid-year update.  

PubMed

The commercial pipeline of monoclonal antibodies is highly dynamic, with a multitude of transitions occurring during the year as product candidates advance through the clinical phases and onto the market. The data presented here add to that provided in the extensive "Antibodies to watch in 2014" report published in the January/February 2014 issue of mAbs. Recent phase transition data suggest that 2014 may be a banner year for first approvals of antibody therapeutics. As of May 2014, three products, ramucirumab (Cyramza®), siltuximab (Sylvant®) and vedolizumab (Entyvio™), had been granted first approvals in the United States, and four additional antibody therapeutics (secukinumab, dinutuximab, nivolumab, pembrolizumab) are undergoing regulatory review in either the US or the European Union. Other notable events include the start of first Phase 3 studies for seven antibody therapeutics (dupilumab, SA237, etrolizumab, MPDL3280A, bavituximab, clivatuzumab tetraxetan, blinatumomab). Relevant data for these product candidates are summarized, and metrics for antibody therapeutics development are discussed. PMID:24846335

Reichert, Janice M

2014-01-01

238

International Halley Watch: Discipline specialists for large scale phenomena  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The largest scale structures of comets, their tails, are extremely interesting from a physical point of view, and some of their properties are among the most spectacular displayed by comets. Because the tail(s) is an important component part of a comet, the Large-Scale Phenomena (L-SP) Discipline was created as one of eight different observational methods in which Halley data would be encouraged and collected from all around the world under the aspices of the International Halley Watch (IHW). The L-SP Discipline Specialist (DS) Team resides at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center under the leadership of John C. Brandt, Malcolm B. Niedner, and their team of image-processing and computer specialists; Jurgan Rahe at NASA Headquarters completes the formal DS science staff. The team has adopted the study of disconnection events (DE) as its principal science target, and it is because of the rapid changes which occur in connection with DE's that such extensive global coverage was deemed necessary to assemble a complete record.

Brandt, J. C.; Niedner, M. B., Jr.

1986-01-01

239

International Halley Watch: Discipline specialists for radio science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some 34 radio observatories in 18 countries are participating in the Radio Science Net of the International Halley Watch. Approximately 100 radio astronomers are contributing to this effort, which has included observations of comets P/Crommelin and P/Giacobini-Zinner as well as P/Halley. It is clear that the record of data for the 18 cm OH ground state lambda doublet, which provides fundamental information on the gas production rate, kinematics, and potentially the magnetic field in the coma, will be vastly more complete and of higher accuracy than has even been obtained on any previous comet. The coverage by a number of radio observatories will enable short period variations to be studied and correlated with simultaneous data obtained at other wavelengths. Likewise, the first definitive detection of the important parent molecule hydrogen cyanide in a comet was obtained and is being studied by groups in the United States, Sweden, and France. The first detection of the comet with the Very Large Array telescope operated by NRAO was achieved and has produced exciting results for the distribution of emission at high angular resolution from the OH radical. At this writing data are still being obtained and being processed, and there are still strong indications that exciting information will be obtained from radar studies of P/Halley and from searches for additional parent molecules.

Irvine, W. M.; Schloerb, F. P.; Gerard, E.; Brown, R. D.; Godfrey, P.

1986-01-01

240

Confined quantum Zeno dynamics of a watched atomic arrow  

E-print Network

In a quantum world, a watched arrow never moves. This is the Quantum Zeno Effect (QZE). Repeatedly asking a quantum system "are you still in your initial state?" blocks its coherent evolution through measurement back-action. Quantum Zeno Dynamics (QZD) leaves more freedom to the system. Instead of pinning it to a single state, it sets a border in its evolution space. Repeatedly asking the system "did you cross the border?" makes it impenetrable. Since the border can be designed at will by choosing the measured observable, QZD allows one to tailor the system's evolution space. Recent proposals, particularly in the Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (CQED) context, highlight the interest of QZD for quantum state engineering tasks, which are the key to quantumenabled technologies and quantum information processing. We report the observation of QZD in the 51-dimension Hilbert space of a large angular momentum J = 25. Continuous selective interrogation limits the evolution of this angular momentum to an adjustable multi-dimensional subspace. This confined dynamics leads to the production of non-classical "Schr\\"odinger cat" states, quantum superpositions of angular momentums pointing in different directions. These states are promising for sensitive metrology of electric and magnetic fields. This QZD approach could be generalized to other systems, opening novel perspectives for quantum information processing.

Adrien Signoles; Adrien Facon; Dorian Grosso; Igor Dotsenko; Serge Haroche; Jean-Michel Raimond; Michel Brune; Sébastien Gleyzes

2014-02-01

241

International Pellet Watch: global monitoring of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in coastal waters. 1. Initial phase data on PCBs, DDTs, and HCHs.  

PubMed

Samples of polyethylene pellets were collected at 30 beaches from 17 countries and analyzed for organochlorine compounds. PCB concentrations in the pellets were highest on US coasts, followed by western Europe and Japan, and were lower in tropical Asia, southern Africa and Australia. This spatial pattern reflected regional differences in the usage of PCBs and was positively correlated with data from Mussel Watch, another monitoring approach. DDTs showed high concentrations on the US west coast and in Vietnam. In Vietnam, DDT was predominant over its metabolites (DDE and DDD), suggesting the principal source may be current usage of the pesticide for malaria control. High concentrations of pesticide HCHs were detected in the pellets from southern Africa, suggesting current usage of the pesticides in southern Africa. This study demonstrates the utility and feasibility of the International Pellet Watch approach to monitor POPs at a global scale. PMID:19635625

Ogata, Yuko; Takada, Hideshige; Mizukawa, Kaoruko; Hirai, Hisashi; Iwasa, Satoru; Endo, Satoshi; Mato, Yukie; Saha, Mahua; Okuda, Keiji; Nakashima, Arisa; Murakami, Michio; Zurcher, Nico; Booyatumanondo, Ruchaya; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi; Dung, Le Quang; Gordon, Miriam; Miguez, Carlos; Suzuki, Satoru; Moore, Charles; Karapanagioti, Hrissi K; Weerts, Steven; McClurg, Tim; Burres, Erick; Smith, Wally; Van Velkenburg, Michael; Lang, Judith Selby; Lang, Richard C; Laursen, Duane; Danner, Brenda; Stewardson, Nickol; Thompson, Richard C

2009-10-01

242

Inter-Subject Correlation of Brain Hemodynamic Responses During Watching a Movie: Localization in Space and Frequency  

PubMed Central

Cinema is a promising naturalistic stimulus that enables, for instance, elicitation of robust emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Inter-subject correlation (ISC) has been used as a model-free analysis method to map the highly complex hemodynamic responses that are evoked during watching a movie. Here, we extended the ISC analysis to frequency domain using wavelet analysis combined with non-parametric permutation methods for making voxel-wise statistical inferences about frequency-band specific ISC. We applied these novel analysis methods to a dataset collected in our previous study where 12 subjects watched an emotionally engaging movie “Crash” during fMRI scanning. Our results suggest that several regions within the frontal and temporal lobes show ISC predominantly at low frequency bands, whereas visual cortical areas exhibit ISC also at higher frequencies. It is possible that these findings relate to recent observations of a cortical hierarchy of temporal receptive windows, or that the types of events processed in temporal and prefrontal cortical areas (e.g., social interactions) occur over longer time periods than the stimulus features processed in the visual areas. Software tools to perform frequency-specific ISC analysis, together with a visualization application, are available as open source Matlab code. PMID:20428497

Kauppi, Jukka-Pekka; Jääskeläinen, Iiro P.; Sams, Mikko; Tohka, Jussi

2009-01-01

243

Safety evaluation of interim stabilization of non-stabilized single-shell watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a summation of the status of safety issues associated with interim stabilization of Watch List SSTs (organic, ferrocyanide, and flammable gas), as extracted from recent safety analyses, including the Tank Farms Accelerated Safety Analysis efforts.

Stahl, S.M.

1994-12-30

244

33 CFR 157.420 - Vessel specific watch policy and procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...Without Double Hulls Carrying Petroleum Oils § 157.420 Vessel specific watch policy...each newly employed individual to receive essential information in a language the...

2011-07-01

245

33 CFR 157.420 - Vessel specific watch policy and procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...Without Double Hulls Carrying Petroleum Oils § 157.420 Vessel specific watch policy...each newly employed individual to receive essential information in a language the...

2010-07-01

246

33 CFR 157.420 - Vessel specific watch policy and procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...Without Double Hulls Carrying Petroleum Oils § 157.420 Vessel specific watch policy...each newly employed individual to receive essential information in a language the...

2013-07-01

247

33 CFR 157.420 - Vessel specific watch policy and procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...Without Double Hulls Carrying Petroleum Oils § 157.420 Vessel specific watch policy...each newly employed individual to receive essential information in a language the...

2012-07-01

248

33 CFR 157.420 - Vessel specific watch policy and procedures.  

...ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Interim Measures for Certain...Without Double Hulls Carrying Petroleum Oils § 157.420 Vessel specific watch policy...each newly employed individual to receive essential information in a language the...

2014-07-01

249

How Things Work: A Spinning Top, Lenz's Law and Electric Watches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a physics explanation for a toy top driven by a magnet. Draws parallels to electric watches which use balance wheels with small permanent magnet mounts on them and having the coils mounted at one side. (JM)

Crane, H. Richard, Ed.

1984-01-01

250

Influence of biomass burning and anthropogenic emissions on ozone, carbon monoxide and black carbon concentrations at the Mt. Cimone GAW-WMO global station (Italy, 2165 m a.s.l.)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work investigates the variability of ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO) and equivalent black carbon (BC) concentrations at the Italian Climate Observatory "O. Vittori" (ICO-OV), part of the Mt. Cimone global GAW-WMO station (Italy). For this purpose, ICO-OV observations carried out in the period January 2007-June 2009, have been analysed and correlated with the output of the FLEXPART Lagrangian dispersion model to specifically evaluate the influence of biomass burning (BB) and anthropogenic emissions younger than 20 days. During the investigation period, the average O3, CO and BC concentrations at ICO-OV were 54 ± 3 ppbv, 122 ± 7 ppbv and 213 ± 34 ng m-3 (mean ± expanded uncertainty with p<95%), with clear seasonal cycles characterized by summer maxima and winter minima for O3 and BC and spring maximum and summer minimum for CO. According to FLEXPART output, BB impact is maximized during the warm months from July to September but appeared to have a significant contribution to the observed tracer concentrations only during specific transport events. We characterised in detail five major events with respect to transport scales (i.e. global, regional and local), source regions and O3, CO and BC variations. For these events, very large variability of enhancement ratios O3/CO (from -0.22 to 0.71) and BC/CO (from 2.69 to 29.83 ng m-3 ppbv-1) were observed. CO related with anthropogenic emissions (COant) contributed to 17.4% of the mean CO value observed at ICO-OV, with the warm months appearing particularly affected by transport events of air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution. The proportion of tracer variability that is described by FLEXPART COant peaked to 37% (in May-September) for CO, 19% (in May-September) for O3 and 32% (in January-April) for BC. During May-September, the analysis of the correlation among CO, O3 and BC as a function of the COant indicated that ICO-OV was influenced by air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution transported from the regional to the global scale. On the other side, CO and O3 were negatively correlated during October-December, when FLEXPART does not show significant presence of recent anthropogenic emissions and only a few observations are characterized by enhanced BC. Such behaviour may be attributed to an ensemble of processes concurrent in enhancing O3 with low CO (upper troposphere/lower stratosphere intrusions) and O3 titration by NO in polluted air-masses along with lower photochemical activity. An intermediate situation occurs in January-April when CO and O3 were almost uncorrelated and BC enhancements were associated to relatively old (10 days) anthropogenic emissions.

Cristofanelli, P.; Fierli, F.; Marinoni, A.; Duchi, R.; Burkhart, J.; Stohl, A.; Maione, M.; Arduini, J.; Bonasoni, P.

2012-08-01

251

Influence of biomass burning and anthropogenic emissions on ozone, carbon monoxide and black carbon at the Mt. Cimone GAW-WMO global station (Italy, 2165 m a.s.l.)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work investigates the variability of ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO) and equivalent black carbon (BC) at the Italian Climate Observatory "O. Vittori" (ICO-OV), part of the Mt. Cimone global GAW-WMO station (Italy). For this purpose, ICO-OV observations carried out in the period January 2007-June 2009, have been analyzed and correlated with the outputs of the FLEXPART Lagrangian dispersion model to specifically evaluate the influence of biomass burning (BB) and anthropogenic emissions younger than 20 days. During the investigation period, the average O3, CO and BC at ICO-OV were 54 ± 3 ppb, 122 ± 7 ppb and 213 ± 34 ng m-3 (mean ± expanded uncertainty with p < 95%), with clear seasonal cycles characterized by summer maxima and winter minima for O3 and BC and spring maximum and summer minimum for CO. According to FLEXPART outputs, BB impact is maximized during the warm months from July to September but appeared to have a significant contribution to the observed tracers only during specific transport events. We characterised in detail five "representative" events with respect to transport scales (i.e. global, regional and local), source regions and O3, CO and BC variations. For these events, very large variability of enhancement ratios O3/CO (from -0.22 to 0.71) and BC/CO (from 2.69 to 29.83 ng m-3 ppb-1) were observed. CO contributions related with anthropogenic emissions (COant) contributed to 17.4% of the mean CO value observed at ICO-OV, with the warm months appearing particularly affected by transport events of air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution. The proportion of tracer variability that is described by FLEXPART COant peaked to 37% (in May-September) for CO, 19% (in May-September) for O3 and 32% (in January-April) for BC. During May-September, the analysis of the correlation among CO, O3 and BC as a function of the COant indicated that ICO-OV was influenced by air-masses rich in anthropogenic pollution transported from the regional to the global scale. On the other side, CO and O3 were negatively correlated during October-December, when FLEXPART does not show significant presence of recent anthropogenic emissions and only a few observations are characterized by enhanced BC. Such behaviour may be attributed to an ensemble of processes concurrent in enhancing O3 with low CO (upper troposphere/lower stratosphere intrusions) and to O3 titration by NO in polluted air-masses along with lower photochemical activity. An intermediate situation occurs in January-April when CO and O3 were almost uncorrelated and BC enhancements were associated to relatively old (10 days) anthropogenic emissions.

Cristofanelli, P.; Fierli, F.; Marinoni, A.; Calzolari, F.; Duchi, R.; Burkhart, J.; Stohl, A.; Maione, M.; Arduini, J.; Bonasoni, P.

2013-01-01

252

The association between watching television and obesity in children of school-age in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background: There is little information on the association between watching Television (TV) and obesity in the Arabian Peninsula. Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to explore the association between the watching of television and obesity in Saudi children of school-age. Materials and Methods: A case-controlled study was conducted with students between the ages of 9 and 14 years who attended the school health clinic in King Abdulaziz Housing for National Guard (Iskan), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the study period (February to April 2012). During each clinic, children were selected by simple random sampling (five obese and five non-obese). For data collection, two trained physicians interviewed the participants using a 20-item Arabic questionnaire. Well-trained nurses collected the anthropometric measurements of weight and height. Results: The study included 397 students. Higher (body mass index) BMI was associated with a higher number of televisions at home (P < 0.001), watching TV for more than three hours per day at the weekend (P = 0.047), eating more than three snacks per day (P = 0.005), watching TV at night (P = 0.026), and siblings’ decisions on how much TV to watch (P = 0.025). The prevalence of childhood obesity was significantly lower among those whose mothers determined how much TV they could watch (P = 0.03). In logistic regression analysis, the increase in the child's age, the presence of more than one TV at home, having his or her own TV, and an increase in the number of hours of watching TV over the weekend were significantly associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity. Personal computers and the Internet were not significantly associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity. Conclusion: The present investigation revealed that watching TV represents an important risk factor for obesity in children of school-age. PMID:23983559

Al-Ghamdi, Sameer H.

2013-01-01

253

|NOVEMBER 2013|WWW.usENix.ORg PAgE 5 The Night Watch  

E-print Network

|NOVEMBER 2013|WWW.usENix.ORg PAgE 5 The Night Watch J a m e s m i c k e n s A s a highly trained of breathtaking scope; a systems programmer has seen the terrors of the world and understood the intrinsic horror science from georgia Tech.mickens@microsoft.com #12;|NOVEMBER 2013|WWW.usENix.ORg PAgE 6 The Night Watch

Hunt, Galen

254

P2.2 A LOOK AT THE TORNADO REPORT AND WATCH CLIMATOLOGY FOR THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES FROM 1986-2005  

E-print Network

P2.2 A LOOK AT THE TORNADO REPORT AND WATCH CLIMATOLOGY FOR THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES FROM 1986 * This study is an update to the Imy et al (1998) tornado watch climatology. Tornado watch issuances are examined for the two 10-year periods 1986-1995 and 1996-2005. Tornado watches typically cover roughly 65

255

Forest Watch: A K-12 Outreach Program to Engage Pre-College Students in Authentic, Hands-On Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Forest Watch Program is a K-12 hands-on science outreach program developed at the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in 1991. The program has engaged students and their teachers in assisting researchers at UNH in the assessment of the state-of-health of white pine (Pinus strobus), a known bio-indicator species for exposure to elevated levels of ground-level ozone. Students are introduced to the scientific method while participating in an authentic on-going research program. The program was designed in partnership with participating teachers, and thus the field and classroom activities meet specific New England state science and mathematics curricula standards for K-12 education. Student participation in Forest Watch has resulted in an improved understanding and characterization of inter-annual white pine response to changes in air quality across the region over the past two decades. Forest Watch, students participate in three types of activities: 1. the analysis of remote sensing data (Landsat TM) provided for their local area using MultiSpec freeware. Through image processing, students learn the concepts of spatial and spectral resolution; how to identify landcover features; how plants interact with visible and infrared energy; and how to use this information to determine vegetation types and identify vegetation conditions. 2. students select 5 white pine trees to be permanently tagged near their school within a 30x30 meter (pixel sized sampling plot - the spatial resolution of the TM dataset), followed by collection and analysis of needle samples, and a suite of forest plot biometric measurements such as tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), and canopy closure and ground cover. 3. the students send a set of their needle samples to UNH for spectral analysis of key reflectance features such as the Red Edge Inflection Point (REIP), the TM 5/4 moisture stress index, and the NIR 3/1. Over 250 schools from all six New England states have participated in the program over the past 19 years. Combining student-derived data plus the reflectance indices and other spectral measures, allows UNH researchers to characterize annual variations in tree state-of-health and relate it to the previous summer’s ozone levels. Results from annual student-provided data between 1991 and 2008 suggest that regional air quality and the state-of-health of white pine have improved since 1991. This improvement in white pine health corresponds with improved regional air quality, in part due to the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment.

Gagnon, M. T.; Rock, B. N.

2009-12-01

256

Forest Watch: a K-12 Outreach Program to Engage Young Students in Authentic, Hands-On Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Forest Watch Program is a K-12 science outreach program developed at the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in 1991. The program engages pre-college teachers and their students in assisting researchers at UNH in the assessment of the state-of-health of white pine (Pinus strobus), a known bio- indicator species for exposure to elevated levels of ground-level ozone. Students participate in three types of activities: 1. selection, collection, and analysis of needle samples from five permanently tagged white pine trees near their school; 2. Study of needles in their classroom and sending a set of needles to UNH for spectral analysis; and 3. analysis of remote sensing data (Landsat TM) provided of their local area using freeware software (MultiSpec). Student-derived foliar symptomology, needle length, needle retention, and tree biometrics, plus the spectral indices, allow UNH researchers to characterize annual variations in tree state-of-health, and to correlate that state-of-health with annual summer ozone levels collected by the EPA and state environmental monitoring networks. The results suggest that regional air quality and state- of-health of trees has improved since 1991. Annual student data and the yearly spectral variations, for the same trees, suggest that white pine health has improved dramatically since 1997/8. This improvement in tree health corresponds with improved regional air quality. An evaluation of student data reliability has been conducted and suggests that the DBH measurements are a most reliable indicator of tree growth. Student data are more reliable if multiple sets of measurements are made and averaged together, compared with single sets of measurements. Based on both student data and spectral analysis of student-provided branch samples, the greatest damage (chlorosis) occurs in trees located along the seacoast areas. Participation in Forest Watch introduces students to the scientific method via an authentic research program. The program is designed in partnership with participating teachers, and thus meets New England state science and mathematics curricula for K-12 education. Student participation in Forest Watch has resulted in an improved understanding of inter-annual white pine state-of-health response to improved air quality across the New England region.

Rock, B. N.; Gagnon, M.

2008-12-01

257

In-situ measurements of atmospheric hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) at the Shangdianzi regional background station, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In-situ measurements of atmospheric hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) have been conducted at the Shangdianzi (SDZ) Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) regional background station, China, from May 2010 to May 2011. The time series for 5 HFCs and 4 PFCs periodically showed high concentration events while background conditions occurred for 36% (HFC-32) to 83% (PFC-218) of all measurements. The mean mixing ratios during background conditions for HFC-23, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134a, HFC-152, CF4, PFC-116, PFC-218 and PFC-318 were 24.5, 5.86, 9.97, 66.0, 9.77, 79.1, 4.22, 0.56, 1.28 ppt (parts per trillion, 10-12, molar), respectively. The background mixing ratios for the compounds at SDZ are consistent with those obtained at mid to high latitude sites in the Northern Hemisphere, except for HFC-32 and PFC-318 for which background mixing ratios were not reported in recent years. All HFCs and PFCs show positive trends at rates of 0.7, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1, 1.1, 0.43, 0.05, 0.01, 0.04 ppt yr-1 for HFC-23, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134a, HFC-152, CF4, PFC-116, PFC-218 and PFC-318, respectively. North-easterly winds were connected with small contributions to atmospheric HFCs and PFCs loadings, whereas south-westerly advection (urban sector) showed increased loadings. Chinese emissions were estimated by a tracer ratio method using CO as tracer with rather well known emissions. The emissions, as derived from our measurement period, were 4.4 ± 0.7, 6.9 ± 0.9, 2.5 ± 0.3, 9.0 ± 1.3, 2.2 ± 0.4, 2.1 ± 0.3, 0.24 ± 0.06, 0.07 ± 0.04, 0.45 ± 0.09 kt yr-1 for HFC-23, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134a, HFC-152, CF4, PFC-116, PFC-218, and PFC-318, respectively. The lower HFC-23 emissions compared to earlier studies may be a result of the HFC-23 abatement measures taken as part of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project that started in 2005.

Yao, B.; Vollmer, M. K.; Zhou, L. X.; Henne, S.; Reimann, S.; Li, P. C.; Wenger, A.; Hill, M.

2012-05-01

258

In-situ measurements of atmospheric hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) at the Shangdianzi regional background station, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) were measured in-situ at the Shangdianzi (SDZ) Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) regional background station, China, from May 2010 to May 2011. The time series for five HFCs and three PFCs showed occasionally high-concentration events while background conditions occurred for 36% (HFC-32) to 83% (PFC-218) of all measurements. The mean mixing ratios during background conditions were 24.5 ppt (parts per trillion, 10-12, molar) for HFC-23, 5.86 ppt for HFC-32, 9.97 ppt for HFC-125, 66.0 ppt for HFC-134a, 9.77 ppt for HFC-152a, 79.1 ppt for CF4, 4.22 ppt for PFC-116, and 0.56 ppt for PFC-218. The background mixing ratios for the compounds at SDZ are consistent with those obtained at mid to high latitude sites in the Northern Hemisphere. North-easterly winds were associated with negative contributions to atmospheric HFC and PFC loadings (mixing ratio anomalies weighted by time associated with winds in a given sector), whereas south-westerly advection (urban sector) showed positive loadings. Chinese emissions estimated by a tracer ratio method using carbon monoxide as tracer were 3.6 ± 3.2 kt yr-1 for HFC-23, 4.3 ± 3.6 kt yr-1 for HFC-32, 2.7 ± 2.3 kt yr-1 for HFC-125, 6.0 ± 5.6 kt yr-1 for HFC-134a, 2.0 ± 1.8 kt yr-1 for HFC-152a, 2.4 ± 2.1 kt yr-1 for CF4, 0.27 ± 0.26 kt yr-1 for PFC-116, and 0.061 ± 0.095 kt yr-1 for PFC-218. The lower HFC-23 emissions compared to earlier studies may be a result of the HFC-23 abatement measures taken as part of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects that started in 2005.

Yao, B.; Vollmer, M. K.; Zhou, L. X.; Henne, S.; Reimann, S.; Li, P. C.; Wenger, A.; Hill, M.

2012-11-01

259

Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults  

PubMed Central

Background Television (TV) viewing has been associated with obesity although the effects of specific TV content on health and other behaviours remains unknown. We examined the association between watching sport on TV, physical activity levels, and risk of obesity. Methods We studied 6,733 (aged 64.9?±?9.2 yrs) men and women from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a prospective study of community dwelling older adults. Data were collected on self reported TV time and content, and physical activity. Nurses measured height and weight for the calculation of body mass index. Results On average, participants reported viewing TV for 5.3?±?4.1 hours per day and 30.3% of the sample watched sport on TV at least twice a week. There was no association between watching sport and physical activity levels. Participants that watched sports every day were at higher risk of obesity [odds ratio?=?1.39, 95% CI, 1.15, 1.68) after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, total TV time, disability, and self-rated health. Conclusions Watching elite athletes may have no role in the promotion of physical activity in older adults, which has implications for staging large sporting events with physical activity legacy promises. PMID:24400697

2014-01-01

260

WATCH (Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling): A low-cost, secure-item monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developd a remote sensor package that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Originally, the package was intended for use in valve monitoring, but it is now possible to use it in any sensor application where hardware installation is impractical or uneconomical. Full system implementation includes a receiver/controller which correlates the arrival time of rf signals generated by item-monitoring transmitters to increase communication security. Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) is such a system. One important application of WATCH is in storage vaults where there are a number of material containers. Applying WATCH to inventory control reduces inventory workload and employee exposure rates; the system also provides quick access to inventory information by interfacing the system with plant site computer systems.

Sanderson, S.N.

1987-07-01

261

Television and families: what do young children watch with their parents?  

PubMed

A sample of 271 3- and 5-year-olds and their families participated in a 2-year longitudinal study of television viewing patterns. 5 1-week diaries for all family members were collected at 6-month intervals. Programs were categorized as: (1) child informative, (2) child entertainment, (3) news and informative, (4) sports, (5) comedy, (6) drama, (7) action-adventure, and (8) variety-game. The majority of child programs were viewed without parents, while the majority of adult programs were watched with parents. Coviewing patterns of adult programs were predicted from parents' individual viewing habits, but not from the child's. Coviewing declined with age. Parental encouragement and regulation of viewing were orthogonal. Children whose parents encouraged viewing watched more child informative programming; children of restrictive parents watched less entertainment programming. Encouraging parents coviewed more than nonencouraging parents. Results support the assertion that parental viewing preferences, habits, and orientations toward television influence children's viewing, both with and without parents. PMID:1786724

St Peters, M; Fitch, M; Huston, A C; Wright, J C; Eakins, D J

1991-12-01

262

Electrical classification for the single shell flammable gas watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

This document is to establish the hazard classification of single shell watch list tanks according to National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) criteria and sound engineering judgment. Establishing the hazard classification is necessary to determine the appropriate wiring methods and installation of electrical and mechanical equipment assure safety in an atmosphere that may be hazardous. The tanks have been placed on the flammable gas watch list because their waste types are similar to those in tanks that exhibit episodic behavior and/or unexplained growth of the waste-level height occuring over time. They contain mostly solid wastes.

Huckfeldt, R.A.; Anderson, R.A.

1995-04-01

263

The human dimensions of wildlife tourism in a developing country: watching spinner dolphins at Lovina, Bali, Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of cetacean watching tourism operations in developing countries has doubled in the past decade. Practices are typically unregulated and not informed by research, especially research into the human dimensions of the tourist experience. Dolphin watching tourism at Lovina, Bali, started in the late 1980s when local fishers formed self-regulating cooperatives. Up to 180 dedicated operators use small fishing

Putu Liza Kusuma Mustika; Alastair Birtles; Yvette Everingham; Helene Marsh

2012-01-01

264

78 FR 26770 - NaturEner Wind Watch, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. ER13-1368-000] NaturEner Wind Watch, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate...notice in the above-referenced proceeding of NaturEner Wind Watch, LLC's application for market-based rate authority,...

2013-05-08

265

Naturally Occurring Changes in Time Spent Watching Television Are Inversely Related to Frequency of Physical Activity during Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between changes in time spent watching television and playing video games with frequency of leisure-time physical activity across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls (N=4594). Latent growth modelling indicated that a decrease in time spent watching television was associated with…

Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Birnbaum, Amanda S.; Lytle, Leslie A.

2006-01-01

266

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global  

E-print Network

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC-Watch FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming Tags: Canada, Recycling, Certifier conflict of interest undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming in Pine Falls to manufacture paper with some

267

FLORIDA KEYS WATER WATCH The University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/Monroe County Extension  

E-print Network

from their adopted site for dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity, temperature, turbidity, nitrateFLORIDA KEYS WATER WATCH The University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/Monroe County Extension are developing Florida Keys Water Watch, a community-based volunteer water quality

Florida, University of

268

A Model and a Tool for Active Watching: Knowledge Construction through Interacting with Video  

E-print Network

to understand information better in accordance with their interests. For example, in reading scientific papers of a book in which they have an interest. Thus, to change reading styles, such as riffling pages of "active watching." This notion is based on "active reading" (Adler and Doren 1972), in which readers

Nakakoji, Kumiyo

269

uring my teens, I watched the Apollo missions live on black-  

E-print Network

D uring my teens, I watched the Apollo missions live on black- and-white TV. That humans were into new light by the recent safety record of the Shuttle). Now the same debate has arisen in relation understood that this would be extremely helpful for optical and submillimetre interferometry3 . The aim here

Lockwood, Mike

270

Watching an Enzyme at Work: A Mass Spectrometry View of Allosteric Citrate Synthase  

E-print Network

Watching an Enzyme at Work: A Mass Spectrometry View of Allosteric Citrate Synthase Lynda J. Donald Citrate synthase is the enzyme at the entry point of the citric acid cycle. In Gram-negative bacteria of the wild-type enzyme from Escherichia coli shows three quasi- symmetrical dimers arranged around a 3-fold

Ens, Werner

271

Validity of the Smarthealth Watch to Measure Heart Rate during Rest and Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the Smarthealth watch (Salutron, Inc., Fremont, California, USA), a heart rate monitor that includes a wristwatch without an accompanying chest strap. Twenty-five individuals participated in 3-min periods of standing, 2.0 mph walking, 3.5 mph walking, 4.5 mph jogging, and 6.0 mph running.…

Lee, C. Matthew; Gorelick, Mark

2011-01-01

272

Folklore in Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zora Neale Hurston's work is lively, lyrical, funny, and poignant, but this consummate literary craftsperson was also a first-rate ethnographer, conducting field work for Franz Boas and for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). "Their Eyes Were Watching God," often acclaimed as Hurston's masterpiece, is perhaps the richest beneficiary of her…

2002

273

Did You Spot an Alien? Voluntary Vigilance, Borderwork and the Texas Virtual Border Watch Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, the US launched an Internet site, the Texas Virtual Border Watch Program, which shows real-time video from the US–Mexico border. With this site, anyone can participate in US border control. In this article, the programme is discussed in relation to contemporary theories of border studies: the relocation of borders, borderwork and the bordering process. The programme is described

Hille Koskela

2010-01-01

274

TV Sports Programs—Who is Willing to Pay to Watch?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the factors that influence the willingness of TV viewers to pay for watching sports programs. An empirical survey of Norwegian TV viewers revealed that individual winter sports, such as biathlon and cross-country skiing, headed the popularity list, with soccer coming third. However, it also showed that soccer fans were significantly more motivated to pay than were fans

Randi Hammervold; Harry Arne Solberg

2006-01-01

275

GeoWatch: Online detection of Geo-Correlated Information Trends In Social Networks  

E-print Network

solutions that capture geo- intent and detect informational trends in a scalable fashion. Our goalGeoWatch: Online detection of Geo-Correlated Information Trends In Social Networks Ceren Budak 93106-5110, USA {cbudak, teogeorgiou, agrawal, amr}@cs.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT Detecting information trends

California at Santa Barbara, University of

276

The Design, Deployment and Evaluation of the AnimalWatch Intelligent Tutoring System  

E-print Network

in educational achievement are such that AnimalWatch has also re- cently been deployed to help high school students is an English language learner. Many of these students do not complete secondary school and have with students who do not speak or read the language of instruction [11]. Technology-based instruction might help

277

Effects of Watching Captioned Movie Clip on Vocabulary Development of EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the effects of watching a closed-captioned movie clip on incidental vocabulary learning in a pre-test post-test experimental design. 120 college students from a college preparatory class, who were learning English as a foreign language (EFL), participated in the study. Two weeks before the treatment, all of the…

Yuksel, Dogan; Tanriverdi, Belgin

2009-01-01

278

Teachers Steer Their Own Learning: Colorado Middle School becomes a School to Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conrad Ball Middle School in Loveland, Colorado, earned a "School to Watch" Award in 2005 from the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform and was designated as high-performing by the state. However, in 2002, the school had its lowest test scores ever. Teachers at Conrad Ball received the news and determined they would turn things…

Lauer, Diane; Matthews, Melissa

2007-01-01

279

Children's vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language through watching subtitled television programs at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subtitled television programs seem to provide a rich context for foreign language acquisition. Moreover, viewers are generally quite motivated to understand what is shown and said on television. The present study investigated whether children in Grades 4 and 6 (N = 246) learn English words through watching a television program with an English soundtrack and Dutch subtitles. Children were randomly

Cees M. Koolstra; Jonannes W. J. Beentjes

1999-01-01

280

Does watching television rot your mind? Estimates of the effect on test scores  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines whether the number of hours of television watched by young adults is associated with performance on standardized exams and whether any such relationship is causal. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the High School and Beyond survey and the National Education Longitudinal Study all indicate a negative cross-sectional relationship between hours of television viewing and

Madeline Zavodny

2006-01-01

281

Television and Families: What Do Young Children Watch with Their Parents?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year study found that children generally watched children's television programs without parents and adult programs with parents. Children's and parents' coviewing of adult programs was predicted by parents' viewing habits. Coviewing declined with age. Parents who encouraged children's viewing, viewed television with their children more than…

St. Peters, Michelle; And Others

1991-01-01

282

WATCH WHO KNEW? ON YAHOO! NEWS: Related Searches: national institute of neurological disorders and stroke  

E-print Network

WATCH WHO KNEW? ON YAHOO! NEWS: Related Searches: national institute of neurological disorders injuries and other neurological disorders." For instance, such a sensitive electrode could detect a seizure volcanic ashSearch All News News Search Health Video Weight Loss Sexual Health Medications/Drugs Parenting

Rogers, John A.

283

Techno-Cultural Convergence: Wanting to Say Everything, Wanting to Watch Everything  

Microsoft Academic Search

The opportunities created by the emergence of digital technology give rise to more new ways to communicate, with more people, and using more technologies. The communicable world has broadened, and the world of communicators has multiplied ad infinitum. Today, we want to say everything, everything can be watched, and everybody wants to communicate. Although we are a communication society, at

José Cabrera Paz

2009-01-01

284

Watching Learning Happen: Results of a Longitudinal Study of Journalism Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results from a five-year study of the information skills of journalism students provide insights into what students use and how that usage evolves, and have implications for information literacy instruction. Using a simple tool, the author watched learning happen in response to classes, work, and the changing information environment. (Contains…

MacMillan, Margy

2009-01-01

285

Car Riding Behavior in Television Programs Watched by Adolescents in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for adolescents in the United States and a leading cause of death for adolescents around the world. This exploratory study used quantitative content analysis to assess car riding behavior messages in television programs popular with adolescents. The sample included three randomly selected episodes from the top 15 television programs watched

Jennifer A. Manganello; Amit G. Chauhan

2011-01-01

286

Food-Caching Western Scrub-Jays Keep Track of Who Was Watching When  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western scrub-jays (Aphelocoma californica) hide food caches for future consumption, steal others' caches, and engage in tactics to minimize the chance that their own caches will be stolen. We show that scrub-jays remember which individual watched them during particular caching events and alter their recaching behavior accordingly. We found no evidence to suggest that a storer's use of cache protection

Joanna M. Dally; Nathan J. Emery; Nicola S. Clayton

2006-01-01

287

Volunteer Watershed Health Monitoring by Local Stakeholders: New Mexico Watershed Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volunteers monitor watershed health in more than 700 programs in the US, involving over 400,000 local stakeholders. New Mexico Watershed Watch is a student-based watershed monitoring program sponsored by the state's Department of Game and Fish which provides high school teachers and students with instruction on methods for water quality…

Fleming, William

2003-01-01

288

The effect of lack of sleep on visual watch-keeping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixteen subjects performed a test of visual watch-keeping twice, at the same hour of the same day of successive weeks. The test lasted 40 min. On one of these occasions the test was done after normal sleep the previous night; signals were detected at a steady rate throughout. On the other occasion the subjects had no sleep the previous night;

R. T. Wilkinson

1960-01-01

289

Exploring Relations between Watchers and Watched in Control(led) Systems: Strategies and Tactics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using ethnographic observation within a number of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) control rooms as evidence, this paper documents the apparently trivial but subjectively meaningful types of technologically mediated interaction taking place between CCTV operators and those watched. It examines the operators' interpretations of the various incidents, individuals and social realities observed. In so doing, the author suggests a number of

Gavin J. D. Smith

2007-01-01

290

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-performing middle schools are a critical link in the educational continuum. In an effort to stimulate the sluggish reform efforts of middle schools, the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform established the Schools to Watch recognition program. Using responses of school personnel to a statewide survey, this study examined the…

Cook, Christopher M.; Faulkner, Shawn A.; Kinne, Lenore J.

2009-01-01

291

Promotion and Prevention Orientations in the Choice to Attend Lectures or Watch Them Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When presented with the option to use a new instructional technology, students often face an approach-avoidance conflict. This study explored promotion and prevention orientations, concepts linked to approach and avoidance in Higgins's regulatory focus theory, in the choice to attend lectures or watch them online. Openness, a core disposition in…

Bassili, J. N.

2006-01-01

292

33 CFR 110.47 - Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...exception of a 100-foot wide channel running from the westerly end of the cove in a southeasterly direction to the Watch Hill Yacht Club pier, thence along in front of the piers on the easterly side of the cove northerly to the shore at the north end of...

2012-07-01

293

33 CFR 110.47 - Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...exception of a 100-foot wide channel running from the westerly end of the cove in a southeasterly direction to the Watch Hill Yacht Club pier, thence along in front of the piers on the easterly side of the cove northerly to the shore at the north end of...

2013-07-01

294

33 CFR 110.47 - Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...exception of a 100-foot wide channel running from the westerly end of the cove in a southeasterly direction to the Watch Hill Yacht Club pier, thence along in front of the piers on the easterly side of the cove northerly to the shore at the north end of...

2010-07-01

295

33 CFR 110.47 - Little Narragansett Bay, Watch Hill, R.I.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...exception of a 100-foot wide channel running from the westerly end of the cove in a southeasterly direction to the Watch Hill Yacht Club pier, thence along in front of the piers on the easterly side of the cove northerly to the shore at the north end of...

2011-07-01

296

The Use of Common Planning Time: A Case Study of Two Kentucky Schools to Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interdisciplinary teams with common planning time have been a hallmark of the middle school organizational structure since the 1960s, yet research on the effective use of common planning time is limited. This study explores how interdisciplinary teams at schools designated Kentucky Schools to Watch use common planning time, including the factors…

Cook, Christopher M.; Faulkner, Shawn A.

2010-01-01

297

Alarm calls as costly signals of antipredator vigilance: the watchful babbler game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alarm-calling behaviour is common in many species that suffer from predation. While kin selection or reciprocal altruism are typically invoked to explain such behaviours, several authors have conjectured that some alarm calls may instead be costly signals sent by prey to inform approaching predators that they have been detected. We develop a general game-theoretical model, the watchful babbler game, in

CARL T. BERGSTROM; MICHAEL LACHMANN

2000-01-01

298

"Princess Alice Is Watching You": Children's Belief in an Invisible Person Inhibits Cheating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two child groups (5-6 and 8-9 years of age) participated in a challenging rule-following task while they were (a) told that they were in the presence of a watchful invisible person ("Princess Alice"), (b) observed by a real adult, or (c) unsupervised. Children were covertly videotaped performing the task in the experimenter's absence. Older…

Piazza, Jared; Bering, Jesse M.; Ingram, Gordon

2011-01-01

299

Watch, wait, and wonder: Testing the effectiveness of a new approach to mother-infant psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research compared two forms of psychodynamic psychotherapeutic interventions for 67 clinically referred infants and their mothers. One was an infant-led psychotherapy delivered through a program called Watch, Wait, and Wonder (WWW). The other was a mother- infant psychotherapy (PPT). Infants ranged in age from 10 to 30 months at the outset of treatment, which took place in weekly sessions

Nancy J. Cohen; Elisabeth Muir; Mirek Lojkasek; Roy Muir; Carol Jane Parker; Melanie Barwick; Myrna Brown

1999-01-01

300

STS-37 crewmembers watch Pilot Cameron juggle cassettes on OV-104's middeck  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STS-37 crewmembers watch Pilot Kenneth D. Cameron juggle cassette tapes on the middeck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104. Laughing at Cameron's stunt are Mission Specialist (MS) Linda M. Godwin (foreground), Commander Steven R. Nagel (behind Cameron), and MS Jerry L. Ross (at floor level). Ross snacks on chocolate candy during the performance.

1991-01-01

301

Watch their Moves: Applying Probabilistic Multiple Object Tracking to Autonomous Robot Soccer  

E-print Network

Watch their Moves: Applying Probabilistic Multiple Object Tracking to Autonomous Robot Soccer to estimating the positions of oppo- nent players in autonomous robot soccer. We extend an exist- ing tracking soccer must know where their opponents are in order to make the right moves and plays (Beetz et al. 2002

Cremers, Daniel

302

47 CFR 80.148 - Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...being used for exchanging communications. For GMDSS ships, 156.525 MHz is the calling frequency...ships not fitted with DSC will be able to call GMDSS ships, thus providing a link between GMDSS and non-GMDSS compliant ships. The watch...

2011-10-01

303

47 CFR 80.148 - Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...being used for exchanging communications. For GMDSS ships, 156.525 MHz is the calling frequency...ships not fitted with DSC will be able to call GMDSS ships, thus providing a link between GMDSS and non-GMDSS compliant ships. The watch...

2013-10-01

304

47 CFR 80.148 - Watch on 156.8 MHz (Channel 16).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...being used for exchanging communications. For GMDSS ships, 156.525 MHz is the calling frequency...ships not fitted with DSC will be able to call GMDSS ships, thus providing a link between GMDSS and non-GMDSS compliant ships. The watch...

2012-10-01

305

Digital Earth Watch And Picture Post Network: Measuring The Environment Through Digital Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital Earth Watch (DEW) involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. The program offers people the means to join the Picture Post network and to study and analyze their own findings using DEW software. A Picture Post is an easy-to-use and inexpensive platform for repeatedly taking digital photographs as

A. L. Schloss; J. Beaudry; F. Carrera; J. Pickle

2010-01-01

306

A watch-and-wait approach to the management of rectal cancer.  

PubMed

There has been increasing interest in whether a watch-and-wait strategy can be pursued instead of routine surgery in selected rectal cancer patients who have a clinical complete response (cCR) after chemoradiation. The watch-and-wait approach could potentially reduce treatment-related toxicity in selected rectal cancer patients. A large study from Brazil and a prospective trial from the Netherlands appear to support this approach, although multiple other studies have raised concerns about the high rate of local recurrence with this strategy. This article reviews current evidence in support of a watch-and-wait approach to rectal cancer management, and discusses the challenges and limitations of this approach. Among these are the facts that current methods of assessing tumor response have limited accuracy, and that a cCR does not necessarily imply pathologic complete response. Careful patient selection and systematic methods of response assessment and follow-up will be critical to the success of nonoperative approaches. Based on the available evidence, ideally a watch-and-wait approach for patients with rectal cancer should be pursued within the context of a prospective clinical trial. PMID:24367851

Das, Prajnan; Minsky, Bruce D

2013-10-01

307

How a cell phone can change dramatically the way we watch tv  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents two new approaches related to how TV is watched, using a Bluetooth cell phone and a Bluetooth set-top box connected to a digital TV network with return channel. The first approach is related to user's behavior analysis and program recommendation. Supposing that every viewer has Bluetooth cell phone, each cell phone will identify its owner to the

Aislan G. Foina; Javier Ramirez-Fernandez

2009-01-01

308

Traditional sex role development and amount of time spent watching television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested the hypothesis that the amount of time spent watching TV is significantly related to the strength of traditional sex-role development. Data from 80 kindergartners and 2nd, 4th, and 6th graders support the hypothesis and suggest that this relationship holds equally for both sexes and does not change with increasing age.

Terry Frueh; Paul E. McGhee

1975-01-01

309

Indicators of Middle School Implementation: How Do Kentucky's Schools to Watch Measure Up?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High-performing middle schools are a critical link in the educational continuum. In an effort to stimulate the sluggish reform efforts of middle schools, the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform established the Schools to Watch recognition program. Using responses of school personnel to a statewide survey, this study examined the perceived level of implementation of key tenets of the middle school concept as outlined by This We Believe: Successful Schools for Young Adolescents (National Middle School Association, 2003) in schools designated Kentucky Schools to Watch as compared to nondesignated schools. Additionally, the study reviewed the academic performance of Kentucky's middle schools on the Kentucky Core Content Test to determine whether the schools identified as Kentucky Schools to Watch experienced higher levels of student academic achievement. Results indicated a slightly higher perceived level of implementation of key tenets of the middle school concept in Kentucky's Schools to Watch and revealed overall higher levels of academic achievement as measured by the Kentucky Core Content Test.

Cook, Christopher M.; Faulkner, Shawn A.; Kinne, Lenore J.

2009-01-01

310

Watch for your registration package coming soon for the inaugural: SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CAREER FAIR  

E-print Network

FACULTY OF SCIENCE Watch for your registration package coming soon for the inaugural: SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CAREER FAIR THURSDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2004 12:00 PM TO 4:00 PM MAC HALL UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY Raise your company profile and meet talented and bright students with backgrounds in: · Biological Sciences

Calgary, University of

311

M.G. Flaherty, A Watched Pot: How We Experience Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flaherty’s A Watched Pot: How we Experience Time is a rich and compelling account of individual time consciousness. Its engaging use of examples and clear explanations makes it interesting and enjoyable reading for both academic and non-academic audiences. What is more, it helped me understand and appreciate why Alfred Hitchcock achieved the status as “master of suspense”! Contrary to appearances,

M. Holmer Nadesan

2002-01-01

312

GenoWatch: a disease gene mining browser for association study  

PubMed Central

A human gene association study often involves several genomic markers such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or short tandem repeat polymorphisms, and many statistically significant markers may be identified during the study. GenoWatch can efficiently extract up-to-date information about multiple markers and their associated genes in batch mode from many relevant biological databases in real-time. The comprehensive gene information retrieved includes gene ontology, function, pathway, disease, related articles in PubMed and so on. Subsequent SNP functional impact analysis and primer design of a target gene for re-sequencing can also be done in a few clicks. The presentation of results has been carefully designed to be as intuitive as possible to all users. The GenoWatch is available at the website http://genepipe.ngc.sinica.edu.tw/genowatch PMID:18440974

Chen, Yan-Hau; Liu, Chuan-Kun; Chang, Shu-Chuan; Lin, Yi-Jung; Tsai, Ming-Fang; Chen, Yuan-Tsong; Yao, Adam

2008-01-01

313

Where people look when watching movies: Do all viewers look at the same place?  

PubMed Central

Magnification around the most important point of a movie scene (center of interest - COI) might aid people with visual impairments that cause resolution loss. This will be effective only if most people look at the same place when watching a movie. We recorded the eye movements of 20 normally-sighted subjects as each watched 6 movie clips, totaling 37.5 minutes. More than half of the time the distribution of subject gaze points fell within an area statistic that was less than 12% of the movie scene. Male and older subjects were more likely to look in the same place than female and younger subjects, respectively. We conclude that the between-subject agreement is sufficient to make the approach practical. PMID:17010963

Goldstein, Robert B.; Woods, Russell L.; Peli, Eli

2006-01-01

314

Results of gas monitoring of double-shell flammable gas watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

Tanks 103-SY; 101-AW; 103-, 104-, and 105-AN are on the Flammable Gas Watch List. Recently, standard hydrogen monitoring system (SHMS) cabinets have been installed in the vent header of each of these tanks. Grab samples have been taken once per week, and a gas chromatograph was installed on tank 104-AN as a field test. The data that have been collected since gas monitoring began on these tanks are summarized in this document.

Wilkins, N.E.

1995-01-19

315

Television watching increases motivated responding for food and energy intake in children1-3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Sedentaryactivities,suchaswatchingtelevision,may disrupthabituationtofoodcues,therebyincreasingmotivationtoeat and energy intake. Objective: These experiments were designed to examine the effect of television watching on habituation of ingestive behavior in children. Design: In experiment 1, all children worked for access to cheese- burgers in trials 1-7 (habituating stimulus). In trials 8-10, children inthecontrolgroupcontinuedtoworkforcheeseburgerswithoutany dishabituatingstimuli,whereaschildrenintheothergroupsreceived either a novel food (French fries) or television as dishabituating stimuli. Responding for

Jennifer L Temple; April M Giacomelli; Kristine M Kent; James N Roemmich; Leonard H Epstein

316

Watching Your Troubles Away: Television Viewing as a Stimulus for Subjective Self-Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies explored the role of television viewing in eliciting subjective self-awareness and positive self-feelings. Study 1 assessed the effects of self-awareness manipulations via exposure to a neutral television program on actual-ideal discrepancies. Those who watched television showed significantly smaller self- discrepancies than those who did not, independent of mood. Study 2 demonstrated the ecological validity of this finding by

Sophia Moskalenko; Steven J. Heine

2003-01-01

317

Sustainable whale-watching tourism and climate change: towards a framework of resilience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whale-watching tourism, currently worth $1 billion p.a. worldwide, depends upon the continued presence of whale, dolphin and porpoise species (collectively called cetaceans) within a specific area. Current evidence suggests that the distribution and\\/or abundance of cetaceans is likely to alter in response to continued changes in sea surface temperature with global climate change (GCC). This paper reviews how such changes

Emily Lambert; Colin Hunter; Graham J. Pierce; Colin D. MacLeod

2010-01-01

318

Student cognition and motivation during the Classroom BirdWatch citizen science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the ways various stakeholders (CBW project developer\\/coordinator, elementary and middle school teachers, and 5th through 8th grade students) envisioned, implemented and engaged in the citizen science project, eBird\\/Classroom BirdWatch. A multiple case study mixed-methods research design was used to examine student engagement in the cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry

Terry Morton Tomasek

2006-01-01

319

GenoWatch: a disease gene mining browser for association study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A human gene association study often involves several genomic markers such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or short tandem repeat poly- morphisms, and many statistically significant mar- kers may be identified during the study. GenoWatch can efficiently extract up-to-date information about multiple markers and their associated genes in batch mode from many relevant biological databases in real-time. The comprehensive gene

Yan-hau Chen; Chuan-kun Liu; Shu-chuan Chang; Yi-jung Lin; Ming-fang Tsai; Yuan-tsong Chen; Adam Yao

2008-01-01

320

Audience Influence on EGM Gambling: The Protective Effects of Having Others Watch You Play  

Microsoft Academic Search

One component of social facilitation on gambling is the potential for an audience of people to observe the play of Electronic\\u000a Gaming Machine (EGM) gamblers and influence their behaviour without participating directly in gambling themselves. An experiment\\u000a was conducted with an audience of onlookers, purported to be students of research methods, taking notes while watching the\\u000a participants play an EGM.

Matthew J. Rockloff; Nancy Greer

321

Food-caching western scrub-jays keep track of who was watching when.  

PubMed

Western scrub-jays (Aphelocoma californica) hide food caches for future consumption, steal others' caches, and engage in tactics to minimize the chance that their own caches will be stolen. We show that scrub-jays remember which individual watched them during particular caching events and alter their recaching behavior accordingly. We found no evidence to suggest that a storer's use of cache protection tactics is cued by the observer's behavior. PMID:16709747

Dally, Joanna M; Emery, Nathan J; Clayton, Nicola S

2006-06-16

322

Incidental Foreign-Language Acquisition by Children Watching Subtitled Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on adults has demonstrated incidental foreign-language acquisition by watching subtitled television programs in a foreign language. Based on these findings and the literature about the sensitive period for language acquisition, we expected the acquisition to be larger with children. A short subtitled cartoon was presented to Dutch-speaking children (8–12 years old). We varied the channel in which the

Géry d'Ydewalle; Marijke Van de Poel

1999-01-01

323

Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting.  

PubMed

We examined the effect of an image of a pair of eyes on contributions to an honesty box used to collect money for drinks in a university coffee room. People paid nearly three times as much for their drinks when eyes were displayed rather than a control image. This finding provides the first evidence from a naturalistic setting of the importance of cues of being watched, and hence reputational concerns, on human cooperative behaviour. PMID:17148417

Bateson, Melissa; Nettle, Daniel; Roberts, Gilbert

2006-09-22

324

Media Watch on Climate Change: Building and Visualizing Contextualized Information Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thispaperpresentsthe'MediaWatch on ClimateChange', an interac- tive Web portal that combines a portfolio of semantic services with a visual inter- face based on tightly coupled views. The interface enablesusers toaccess arepos- itory of environmental knowledge, built by crawling about 300,000 news media articles in weekly intervals. Tagging services annotate each article to create a con- textualized information space. A system component

Arno Scharl; Albert Weichselbraun; Alexander Hubmann-haidvogel; Hermann Stern; Gerhard Wohlgenannt; Dmytro Zibold

2007-01-01

325

Polar Activity Watch 200: a new device to accurately assess energy expenditure  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesEnergy expenditure (EE) based on movement detection is calculated by a new device, the Activity Watch 200 (AW200). The aim of this study was to validate EE measured by this device against indirect calorimetry (IC) and to assess the reproducibility of AW200 measurements.DesignEE was assessed during a 9.7 km hike. 10 men and 10 women in the age range 35–45

J. V. Brugniaux; A. Niva; I. Pulkkinen; R. M. T. Laukkanen; J.-P. Richalet; A. P. Pichon

2010-01-01

326

Young children in urban areas: Links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research consistently demonstrates a link between residential context and physical activity for adults and adolescents, less is known about young children’s physical activity. Using data from the U.S. Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=1822, 51% male), we explored whether outdoor play and television watching were associated with children’s body mass indexes (BMIs) at age five using OLS regression

Rachel Tolbert Kimbro; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn; Sara McLanahan

2011-01-01

327

TMPRSS2:ERG gene fusion associated with lethal prostate cancer in a watchful waiting cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification of the TMPRSS2:ERG fusion in prostate cancer suggests that distinct molecular subtypes may define risk for disease progression. In surgical series, TMPRSS2:ERG fusion was identified in 50% of the tumors. Here, we report on a population-based cohort of men with localized prostate cancers followed by expectant (watchful waiting) therapy with 15% (17\\/111) TMPRSS2:ERG fusion. We identified a statistically

F Demichelis; K Fall; S Perner; O Andrén; F Schmidt; S R Setlur; Y Hoshida; J-M Mosquera; Y Pawitan; C Lee; H-O Adami; L A Mucci; P W Kantoff; S-O Andersson; A M Chinnaiyan; J-E Johansson; M A Rubin

2007-01-01

328

Watching the best nutcrackers: what capuchin monkeys ( Cebus apella ) know about others’ tool-using skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work is part of a decade-long study on the spontaneous use of stones for cracking hard-shelled nuts by a semi-free-ranging\\u000a group of brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Nutcracking events are frequently watched by other individuals - usually younger, less proficient, and that are well tolerated\\u000a to the point of some scrounging being allowed by the nutcracker. Here we

Eduardo B. Ottoni; Briseida Dogo de Resende; Patrícia Izar

2005-01-01

329

TOPEX/El Nino Watch - October 3, 1997  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of the Pacific Ocean was produced using sea surface height measurements taken by the U.S./French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. The image shows sea surface height relative to normal ocean conditions on Oct. 3, 1997 as the warm water associated with El Nino (in white) spreads northward along the entire coast of North America from the equator all the way to Alaska. The warm water pool in tropical Pacific resulting from El Nino seems to have stabilized. The white and red areas indicate unusual patterns of heat storage; in the white areas, the sea surface is between 14 and 32 centimeters (6 to 13 inches) above normal; in the red areas, it's about 10 centimeters (4 inches) above normal. The surface area covered by the warm water mass is about one and one-half times the size of the continental United States. The added amount of oceanic warm water near the Americas, with a temperature between 21 and 30 C (70 to 85 F), carries the amount of heat equal to 100 times the amount of fossil fuel energy consumed by the entire U.S. population during one year. The green areas indicate normal conditions, while purple (the western Pacific) means at least 18 centimeters (7 inches) below normal sea level.

The El Nino phenomenon is thought to be triggered when the steady westward blowing trade winds weaken and even reverse direction. This change in the winds allows a large mass of warm water (the red and white area) that is normally located near Australia to move eastward along the equator until it reaches the coast of South America. The displacement of so much warm water affects evaporation, where rain clouds form and, consequently, alters the typical atmospheric jet stream patterns around the world. Using these global data, limited regional measurements from buoys and ships, and a forecasting model of the ocean-atmosphere system, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has issued an advisory indicating the presence of a strong El Nino condition throughout the coming winter.

For more information, please visit the TOPEX/Poseidon project web page at http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/

1997-01-01

330

Television watching and the emotional impact on social modeling of food intake among children.  

PubMed

The main goal of this study was to test whether exposure to happy, neutral, or sad media content influences social modeling effects of (snack) food intake in young children. The study was conducted at 14 Dutch urban and suburban primary schools. The participants (N=112) were asked to watch a movie with a same-sex normal-weight confederate who was instructed to eat either nothing or a standardized amount of snack food (10 chocolate-coated peanuts). The study involved a 3 (movie clips: happy, neutral, and sad)×2 (peer's food intake: no intake versus a standardized intake) between-participants design. A significant interaction between the movie clip condition and intake condition was found (F(2,102)=3.30, P=.04, Cohen's f(2)=.20). Positive as well as negative emotions were found to lead to adjustment to the intake of a peer, as compared to that of children in the neutral movie condition. The findings suggest that children eat more mindlessly when watching an emotional movie and, therefore, respond more automatically to a peer's food intake, whereas children may be less susceptible to a peer's intake while watching a neutral movie. As young children are not in the position to choose their food consumption environment yet, parents and schools should provide consumption settings that limit eating in front of the television. PMID:23274126

Bevelander, Kirsten E; Meiselman, Herbert L; Anschütz, Doeschka J; Engels, Rutger C M E

2013-04-01

331

Testosterone and Cortisol Release among Spanish Soccer Fans Watching the 2010 World Cup Final  

PubMed Central

This field study investigated the release of testosterone and cortisol of a vicarious winning experience in Spanish fans watching the finals between Spain and the Netherlands in the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer. Spanish fans (n?=?50) watched the match with friends or family in a public place or at home and also participated in a control condition. Consistent with hypotheses, results revealed that testosterone and cortisol levels were higher when watching the match than on a control day. However, neither testosterone nor cortisol levels increased after the victory of the Spanish team. Moreover, the increase in testosterone secretion was not related to participants' sex, age or soccer fandom, but the increase in total cortisol secretion during the match was higher among men than among women and among fans that were younger. Also, increases in cortisol secretion were greater to the degree that people were a stronger fan of soccer. Level of fandom further appeared to account for the sex effect, but not for the age effect. Generally, the testosterone data from this study are in line with the challenge hypothesis, as testosterone levels of watchers increased to prepare their organism to defend or enhance their social status. The cortisol data from this study are in line with social self-preservation theory, as higher cortisol secretion among young and greater soccer fans suggests that especially they perceived that a negative outcome of the match would threaten their own social esteem. PMID:22529940

van der Meij, Leander; Almela, Mercedes; Hidalgo, Vanesa; Villada, Carolina; IJzerman, Hans; van Lange, Paul A. M.; Salvador, Alicia

2012-01-01

332

Testosterone and cortisol release among Spanish soccer fans watching the 2010 World Cup final.  

PubMed

This field study investigated the release of testosterone and cortisol of a vicarious winning experience in Spanish fans watching the finals between Spain and the Netherlands in the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer. Spanish fans (n = 50) watched the match with friends or family in a public place or at home and also participated in a control condition. Consistent with hypotheses, results revealed that testosterone and cortisol levels were higher when watching the match than on a control day. However, neither testosterone nor cortisol levels increased after the victory of the Spanish team. Moreover, the increase in testosterone secretion was not related to participants' sex, age or soccer fandom, but the increase in total cortisol secretion during the match was higher among men than among women and among fans that were younger. Also, increases in cortisol secretion were greater to the degree that people were a stronger fan of soccer. Level of fandom further appeared to account for the sex effect, but not for the age effect. Generally, the testosterone data from this study are in line with the challenge hypothesis, as testosterone levels of watchers increased to prepare their organism to defend or enhance their social status. The cortisol data from this study are in line with social self-preservation theory, as higher cortisol secretion among young and greater soccer fans suggests that especially they perceived that a negative outcome of the match would threaten their own social esteem. PMID:22529940

van der Meij, Leander; Almela, Mercedes; Hidalgo, Vanesa; Villada, Carolina; Ijzerman, Hans; van Lange, Paul A M; Salvador, Alicia

2012-01-01

333

Treatment of indolent lymphomas: watchful waiting v aggressive combined modality treatment  

SciTech Connect

Patients with advanced indolent lymphoma often have long survival (median, 4 to 8 years) in spite of frequent relapses. The inability of combination chemotherapy or radiation therapy (RT) to render patients disease free has led to radically divergent treatment approaches. Initial treatment may vary from aggressive combined modality therapy to no initial treatment. We sought to evaluate these two divergent approaches in a randomized trial of advanced indolent lymphomas (nodular, poorly differentiated lymphocytic; nodular mixed; diffuse, well-differentiated lymphocytic; diffuse, intermediately differentiated lymphocytic; and diffuse, poorly differentiated lymphocytic). A total of 104 patients were entered: 44 were randomly assigned to watch and wait in which only carefully defined, limited RT was administered if necessary; 45 were randomly assigned to aggressive combined modality treatment with prednisone, methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, plus etoposide plus mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone (ProMACE-MOPP), followed by total nodal irradiation (TNI); and 15, with symptoms requiring initial therapy, received the identical combined treatment but were not randomly assigned. Of 41 evaluable patients on watch and wait, 23 (56%) have still not required systemic therapy, although 16 (39%) have received limited RT. Median time to crossover was 34 months. Of 18 patients crossed over, seven of the 16 who completed therapy (43%) achieved CR; two (11%) have relapsed. Histologic progression was seen in six (15%) of 41 patients on watch and wait without intervening chemotherapy. Of 45 patients randomly assigned to chemotherapy, 37 (82%) have completed induction therapy, and 29 of the 37 (78%) achieved CR.

Young, R.C.; Longo, D.L.; Glatstein, E.; Ihde, D.C.; Jaffe, E.S.; DeVita, V.T. Jr.

1988-04-01

334

Effect of electronic time monitors on children's television watching: Pilot trial of a home-based intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThis pilot study evaluated the feasibility (recruitment, retention, and acceptability) and preliminary efficacy of a six-week home-based electronic time monitor intervention on New Zealand children's television watching in 2008.

Cliona Ni Mhurchu; Vaughan Roberts; Ralph Maddison; Enid Dorey; Yannan Jiang; Andrew Jull; Sandar Tin Tin

2009-01-01

335

CORRELATION OF DNA METHYLATION WITH MERCURY CONTAMINATION IN MARINE ORGANISMS: A CASE STUDY OF NOAA MUSSEL WATCH TISSUE SAMPLES  

E-print Network

American oysters (Crassostrea virginica) obtained from the NOAA Mussel Watch program were screened for DNA methylation, a type of epigenetic response to stressors. Oysters were collected from sites in the Gulf of Mexico having high mercury...

Brinkmeyer, Robin; Taylor, Robert; Germ, Kaylyn E.

2011-08-04

336

Comparison of Motionlogger Watch and Actiwatch Actigraphs to Polysomnography for Sleep/Wake Estimation in Healthy Young Adults.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sleep/wake identification and sleep parameter estimates from Motionlogger Watch and Actiwatch-64 actigraphs were compared to polysomnography (PSG). Following one night of baseline sleep, 29 volunteers remained awake for 36 h, followed by 11 h of recovery ...

T. J. Balkin, T. L. Rupp

2011-01-01

337

Monarch Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Classroom study ideas, questions, and multimedia dealing with Monarch butterflies as classroom study organisms. Information about conservation, migration and tagging, biology, and live butterflies for sale is presented.

0002-11-30

338

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Immunostimulatory monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) exert antineoplastic effects by eliciting a novel or reinstating a pre-existing antitumor immune response. Most often, immunostimulatory mAbs activate T lymphocytes or natural killer (NK) cells by inhibiting immunosuppressive receptors, such as cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4) or programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, best known as PD-1), or by engaging co-stimulatory receptors, like CD40, tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 4 (TNFRSF4, best known as OX40) or TNFRSF18 (best known as GITR). The CTLA4-targeting mAb ipilimumab has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma in 2011. The therapeutic profile of ipilimumab other CTLA4-blocking mAbs, such as tremelimumab, is currently being assessed in subjects affected by a large panel of solid neoplasms. In the last few years, promising clinical results have also been obtained with nivolumab, a PD-1-targeting mAb formerly known as BMS-936558. Accordingly, the safety and efficacy of nivolumab and other PD-1-blocking molecules are being actively investigated. Finally, various clinical trials are underway to test the therapeutic potential of OX40- and GITR-activating mAbs. Here, we summarize recent findings on the therapeutic profile of immunostimulatory mAbs and discuss clinical trials that have been launched in the last 14 months to assess the therapeutic profile of these immunotherapeutic agents. PMID:24701370

Aranda, Fernando; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Fridman, Wolf Herve; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

339

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

During the past 20 years, dozens—if not hundreds—of monoclonal antibodies have been developed and characterized for their capacity to mediate antineoplastic effects, either as they activate/enhance tumor-specific immune responses, either as they interrupt cancer cell-intrinsic signal transduction cascades, either as they specifically delivery toxins to malignant cells or as they block the tumor-stroma interaction. Such an intense research effort has lead to the approval by FDA of no less than 14 distinct molecules for use in humans affected by hematological or solid malignancies. In the inaugural issue of OncoImmunology, we briefly described the scientific rationale behind the use of monoclonal antibodies in cancer therapy and discussed recent, ongoing clinical studies investigating the safety and efficacy of this approach in patients. Here, we summarize the latest developments in this exciting area of clinical research, focusing on high impact studies that have been published during the last 15 months and clinical trials launched in the same period to investigate the therapeutic profile of promising, yet hitherto investigational, monoclonal antibodies. PMID:23482847

Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

340

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Lenalidomide is a synthetic derivative of thalidomide currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in patients affected by multiple myeloma (in combination with dexamethasone) and low or intermediate-1 risk myelodysplastic syndromes that harbor 5q cytogenetic abnormalities. For illustrative purposes, the mechanism of action of lenalidomide can be subdivided into a cancer cell-intrinsic, a stromal, and an immunological component. Indeed, lenalidomide not only exerts direct cell cycle-arresting and pro-apoptotic effects on malignant cells, but also interferes with their physical and functional interaction with the tumor microenvironment and mediates a robust, pleiotropic immunostimulatory activity. In particular, lenalidomide has been shown to stimulate the cytotoxic functions of T lymphocytes and natural killer cells, to limit the immunosuppressive impact of regulatory T cells, and to modulate the secretion of a wide range of cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor ?, interferon ? as well as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and IL-12. Throughout the last decade, the antineoplastic and immunostimulatory potential of lenalidomide has been investigated in patients affected by a wide variety of hematological and solid malignancies. Here, we discuss the results of these studies and review the status of clinical trials currently assessing the safety and efficacy of this potent immunomodulatory drug in oncological indications. PMID:24482747

Semeraro, Michaela; Vacchelli, Erika; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

341

Cloud Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this activity is to explore the connections between cloud type, cloud cover, and weather and stimulate student interest in taking cloud type observations. Students observe cloud type and coverage and weather conditions over a five-day period and correlate these observations. Students make and test predictions using these observations. The intended outcome is that students learn to draw inferences from observations and use them to make and test predictions.

The GLOBE Program, UCAR (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research)

2003-08-01

342

Television watching  

MedlinePLUS

... to embrace household responsibilities and to self-limit television viewing. ... Committee on Public Education. Children, adolescents, and television. Pediatrics . 2001;107:423-426. Thakkar RR, Garrison MM, and Christakis DA. A systematic review for the effects of ...

343

Trial Watch:  

PubMed Central

Oncolytic viruses are natural or genetically modified viral species that selectively infect and kill neoplastic cells. Such an innate or exogenously conferred specificity has generated considerable interest around the possibility to employ oncolytic viruses as highly targeted agents that would mediate cancer cell-autonomous anticancer effects. Accumulating evidence, however, suggests that the therapeutic potential of oncolytic virotherapy is not a simple consequence of the cytopathic effect, but strongly relies on the induction of an endogenous immune response against transformed cells. In line with this notion, superior anticancer effects are being observed when oncolytic viruses are engineered to express (or co-administered with) immunostimulatory molecules. Although multiple studies have shown that oncolytic viruses are well tolerated by cancer patients, the full-blown therapeutic potential of oncolytic virotherapy, especially when implemented in the absence of immunostimulatory interventions, remains unclear. Here, we cover the latest advances in this active area of translational investigation, summarizing high-impact studies that have been published during the last 12 months and discussing clinical trials that have been initiated in the same period to assess the therapeutic potential of oncolytic virotherapy in oncological indications. PMID:25097804

Pol, Jonathan; Bloy, Norma; Obrist, Florine; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jérôme; Cremer, Isabelle; Erbs, Philippe; Limacher, Jean-Marc; Preville, Xavier; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

344

Number Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

John Brignell, Professor Emeritus from the Department of Electronics & Computer Science at the University of Southampton, is the author of this informal website "devoted to the monitoring of the misleading numbers that rain down on us via the media." Brignell says he aims to "nail" a few of the "Single Issue Fanatics (SIFs), politicians, bureaucrats, quasi-scientists (junk, pseudo- or just bad)," who use misleading numbers to write catchy articles or who try to keep numbers away from public notice. Since April 2000, he has been posting a "number of the month" as well as a "number for the year," which offer his commentary on media usage of misleading numbers and explanations for why the numbers are misleading. He also posts book reviews and an extensive list of online resources on statistics and statistics education. The FAQ section includes answers to some interesting questions, such as "Is there such a thing as average global temperature?" and some more basic questions such as "What is the Normal Distribution and what is so normal about it?" The Bits and Pieces section includes a variety of short articles on statistics and his definitions for some terms he uses on the website. Visitors are also invited to join the discussion forum (complete with a few advertisements) and view comments by others who want to discuss "wrong numbers in science, politics and the media." A few comments sent to Brignell and his responses are also posted online. This site is also reviewed in the February 11, 2005_NSDL MET Report_.

345

Weather Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests a number of ways in which Federal Aviation Agency weather report printouts can be used in teaching the weather section of meteorology. These weather sequence reports can be obtained free of charge at most major airports. (JR)

Bratt, Herschell Marvin

1973-01-01

346

Trial Watch  

PubMed Central

Radiotherapy has extensively been employed as a curative or palliative intervention against cancer throughout the last century, with a varying degree of success. For a long time, the antineoplastic activity of X- and ?-rays was entirely ascribed to their capacity of damaging macromolecules, in particular DNA, and hence triggering the (apoptotic) demise of malignant cells. However, accumulating evidence indicates that (at least part of) the clinical potential of radiotherapy stems from cancer cell-extrinsic mechanisms, including the normalization of tumor vasculature as well as short- and long-range bystander effects. Local bystander effects involve either the direct transmission of lethal signals between cells connected by gap junctions or the production of diffusible cytotoxic mediators, including reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide and cytokines. Conversely, long-range bystander effects, also known as out-of-field or abscopal effects, presumably reflect the elicitation of tumor-specific adaptive immune responses. Ionizing rays have indeed been shown to promote the immunogenic demise of malignant cells, a process that relies on the spatiotemporally defined emanation of specific damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Thus, irradiation reportedly improves the clinical efficacy of other treatment modalities such as surgery (both in neo-adjuvant and adjuvant settings) or chemotherapy. Moreover, at least under some circumstances, radiotherapy may potentiate anticancer immune responses as elicited by various immunotherapeutic agents, including (but presumably not limited to) immunomodulatory monoclonal antibodies, cancer-specific vaccines, dendritic cell-based interventions and Toll-like receptor agonists. Here, we review the rationale of using radiotherapy, alone or combined with immunomodulatory agents, as a means to elicit or boost anticancer immune responses, and present recent clinical trials investigating the therapeutic potential of this approach in cancer patients. PMID:24319634

Vacchelli, Erika; Vitale, Ilio; Tartour, Eric; Eggermont, Alexander; Sautes-Fridman, Catherine; Galon, Jerome; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2013-01-01

347

Trial watch  

PubMed Central

Tumor-targeting immune responses provide a significant contribution to (when they do not entirely account for) the clinical activity of diverse antineoplastic regimens, encompassing not only a large panel of immunotherapeutic strategies but also conventional cytotoxic molecules, targeted anticancer agents and irradiation. In line with this notion, several approaches have been devised to elicit novel or boost existing anticancer immune responses, including the administration of immunomodulatory cytokines. Such a relatively unspecific intervention suffices to mediate clinical effects in (at least a subset of) patients bearing particularly immunogenic tumors, like melanoma and renal cell carcinoma. More often, however, immunostimulatory cytokines are administered to boost the immunogenic potential of other agents, including (but not limited to) immune checkpoint-blocking antibodies, anticancer vaccines, oncolytic viruses and immunogenic chemotherapeutics. Here, we summarize the latest advances in the clinical development of recombinant cytokines as an immunomodulatory intervention for cancer therapy. PMID:25083328

Vacchelli, Erika; Aranda, Fernando; Obrist, Florine; Eggermont, Alexander; Galon, Jerome; Cremer, Isabelle; Zitvogel, Laurence; Kroemer, Guido; Galluzzi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

348

(137)Cs baseline levels in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: a cross-basin survey of the CIESM Mediterranean Mussel Watch programme.  

PubMed

The common mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis was selected as unique biomonitor species to implement a regional monitoring programme, the CIESM Mediterranean Mussel Watch (MMW), in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. As of today, and upon standardization of the methodological approach, the MMW Network has been able to quantify (137)Cs levels in mussels from 60 coastal stations and to produce the first distribution map of this artificial radionuclide at the scale of the entire Mediterranean and Black Seas. While measured (137)Cs levels were found to be very low (usually < 1 Bq kg(-1) wet wt) (137)Cs activity concentrations in the Black Sea and North Aegean Sea were up to two orders of magnitude higher than those in the western Mediterranean Basin. Such effects, far from representing a threat to human populations or the environment, reflect a persistent signature of the Chernobyl fallout in this area. PMID:18314143

Thébault, Hervé; Rodriguez Y Baena, Alessia M; Andral, Bruno; Barisic, Delko; Albaladejo, José Benedicto; Bologa, Alexandru S; Boudjenoun, Redouane; Delfanti, Roberta; Egorov, Victor N; El Khoukhi, Tahar; Florou, Heleni; Kniewald, Goran; Noureddine, Abdelkader; Patrascu, Vasile; Pham, Mai Khanh; Scarpato, Alfonso; Stokozov, Nikolay A; Topcuoglu, Sayhan; Warnau, Michel

2008-01-01

349

This (Sandpiper like) bird, as well as many other species keep watch over Moffett Field wetlands.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This (Sandpiper like) bird, as well as many other species keep watch over Moffett Field wetlands. The shorebird in this picture is a greater yellowlegs (Tinga melanoleuca) which is a common bird found in our coastal salt marsh and tidal zones in winter months. Generally, they summer/breed up north in Canada and Alaska and then migrate in the fall to winter along the west coast of the U.S. and Mexico. Known for their loud call of a slightly descending series of three or more tew notes. Diet consists of small fish, insects, snails, worms, and tadpoles. used in Ames 60 yr. History NASA SP-2000-4314

1991-01-01

350

From poolside, astronaut candidates Jean-Francois Clervoy (left) and Koichi Wakata watch as an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1992 ASCAN TRAINING --- From poolside, astronaut candidates Jean-Francois Clervoy (left) and Koichi Wakata watch as an instructor (out of view) conducts a demonstration during a water survival training course at the Pensacola Naval Air Station in Florida. Clervoy (European Space Agency) and Wakata (Japan's National Space Development Agency) are among seven international mission specialist candidates who joined 19 United States astronaut candidates for the three-day parachute/survival training school at the Oklahoma Base. EDITORS NOTE: Since this photograph was taken, Clervoy has been named as mission specialist for STS-66 and Wakata has assigned duty as mission specialist for the STS-72 mission.

1996-01-01

351

Waterway wide area tactical coverage and homing (WaterWATCH) program overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Congressional and Army sponsored WaterWATCH TM Program has developed and demonstrated a fully integrated shallow water port and facility monitoring system. It provides fully automated monitoring of domains above and below the surface of the water using primarily off-the-shelf sensors and software. The system is modular, open architecture and IP based, and elements can be mixed and matched to adapt to specific applications. The sensors integrated into the WaterWATCH TM system include cameras, radar, passive and active sonar, and various motion detectors. The sensors were chosen based on extensive requirements analyses and tradeoffs. Descriptions of the system and individual sensors are provided, along with data from modular and system level testing. Camera test results address capabilities and limitations associated with using "smart" image analysis software with stressing environmental issues such as bugs, darkness, rain and snow. Radar issues addressed include achieving range and resolution requirements. The passive sonar capability to provide near 100% true positives with zero false positives is demonstrated. Testing results are also presented to show that inexpensive active sonar can be effective against divers with or without SCUBA gear and that false alarms due to fish can be minimized. A simple operator interface has also been demonstrated.

Driggers, Gerald; Cleveland, Tammy; Araujo, Lisa; Spohr, Robert; Umansky, Mark

2008-04-01

352

Student cognition and motivation during the Classroom BirdWatch citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the ways various stakeholders (CBW project developer/coordinator, elementary and middle school teachers, and 5th through 8th grade students) envisioned, implemented and engaged in the citizen science project, eBird/Classroom BirdWatch. A multiple case study mixed-methods research design was used to examine student engagement in the cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry as part of citizen science participation. Student engagement was described based on a sense of autonomy, competence, relatedness and intrinsic motivation. A goal of this study was to expand the taxonomy of differences between authentic scientific inquiry and simple inquiry to include those inquiry tasks associated with participation in citizen science by describing how students engaged in this type of science. This research study built upon the existing framework of cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry described by Chinn and Malhotra (2002). This research provides a systematic analysis of the scientific processes and related reasoning tasks associated with the citizen science project eBird and the corresponding curriculum Classroom BirdWatch . Data consisted of responses to surveys, focus group interviews, document analysis and individual interviews. I suggest that citizen science could be an additional form of classroom-based science inquiry that can promote more authentic features of scientific inquiry and engage students in meaningful ways.

Tomasek, Terry Morton

353

Experimental study of the differential effects of playing versus watching violent video games on children's aggressive behavior.  

PubMed

There is great concern about the effects of playing violent video games on aggressive behavior. The present experimental study was aimed at investigating the differential effects of actively playing vs. passively watching the same violent video game on subsequent aggressive behavior. Fifty-seven children aged 10-13 either played a violent video game (active violent condition), watched the same violent video game (passive violent condition), or played a non-violent video game (active non-violent condition). Aggression was measured through peer nominations of real-life aggressive incidents during a free play session at school. After the active participation of actually playing the violent video game, boys behaved more aggressively than did the boys in the passive game condition. For girls, game condition was not related to aggression. These findings indicate that, specifically for boys, playing a violent video game should lead to more aggression than watching television violence. PMID:18161877

Polman, Hanneke; de Castro, Bram Orobio; van Aken, Marcel A G

2008-01-01

354

Long term study (2002 - 2012) of Saharan dust transport at the Mt. Cimone WMO/GAW Global Station, Italy (2165 m a.s.l.)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The variability of long-range dust transport events was investigated at Mt. Cimone (2165 m a.s.l., 44°11'N, 10°42'E), the highest peak of the Italian northern Apennines. This measurement site, which can be considered well representative of the Mediterranean basin/southern Europe background conditions, represents one of the first mountain ridges that Saharan air masses run into along the northward displacement towards Europe. Dust transport events (DTEs) have been identified since August 2002 by analysing in-situ coarse particle number concentrations as a function of numerical outputs from a lagrangian model(FLEXTRA). A number of 380 DTEs were identified in the period 2002 -2012, corresponding to 15% of the investigated period, with a peak of frequency in spring-summer. The impact of the dust transport on aerosol optical properties have been also investigated. On average, both scattering and absorption coefficient showed an increase in presence of dust, while the total aerosol particle number concentration showed a decrease. In this work we will provide hints about long-term variability of DTE frequency and intensity at CMN. The analysis of 3D air-mass back-trajectories allows to provide information about the variability of transport patterns and source regions for the mineral dust at CMN, also permitting to obtain a statistical climatology about the optical and microphysical properties of the aerosol as a function of the air-mass origin.

Duchi, Rocco; Cristofanelli, Paolo; Bourcier, Laureline; Bonasoni, Paolo; Busetto, Maurizio; Calzolari, Francescopiero; Bonafe', Ubaldo; Cristian Landi, Tony; Putero, Davide

2014-05-01

355

Launch and Forget: An OMB Watch Report on the Implementation of the U.S. Federal GILS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

OMB Watch, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization that monitors the access to government information at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), has published "Launch and Forget? An OMB Watch Report on the Implementation of the US Federal GILS." The report concludes that the implementation of GILS (Government Information Locator Service)--a cataloging standard for federal government information mandated by the Paper Reduction Act--has lagged because 33 agencies within the government have not yet made their records available online; moreover, many agencies who do post their records online do not update their holdings regularly.

Mcdermott, Patrice.; Peterson, Jennifer.

1998-01-01

356

Television Watching, Energy Intake, and Obesity in US Children Results From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine the relationship between tele- vision watching, energy intake, physical activity, and obe- sity status in US boys and girls, aged 8 to 16 years. Methods: We used a nationally representative cross- sectional survey with an in-person interview and a medi- cal examination, which included measurements of height and weight, daily hours of television watching, weekly par- ticipation

Carlos J. Crespo; Ellen Smit; Richard P. Troiano; Susan J. Bartlett; Caroline A. Macera; Ross E. Andersen

357

Television watching and the risk of incident probable posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective evaluation.  

PubMed

The relation between viewing television coverage of a mass disaster and the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is poorly understood. A cohort of New Yorkers without baseline probable PTSD (N=1787) was assessed 1 year following the September 11, 2001, attacks. The primary outcome was new-onset probable PTSD assessed through a validated scale, and the primary exposure was number of hours of September 11 anniversary news coverage viewed. A total of 99 (5.6%) of participants had developed probable PTSD at the 1-year follow-up. Watching 12 or more hours of September 11 attack anniversary news coverage was associated with a 3.4-fold increased risk of new-onset probable PTSD (p=0.004). Exposure to television coverage of the September 11 anniversary was associated with new-onset probable PTSD among a cohort of New Yorkers with no probable PTSD at baseline. PMID:17220738

Bernstein, Kyle T; Ahern, Jennifer; Tracy, Melissa; Boscarino, Joseph A; Vlahov, David; Galea, Sandro

2007-01-01

358

Data Observations on Double Shell Tank (DST) Flammable Gas Watch List Tank Behavior  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the data from the retained gas sampler, void fraction instrument, ball rheometer, standard hydrogen monitoring system, and other tank data pertinent to gas retention and release behavior in the waste stored in double-shelled Flammable Gas Watch List tanks at Hanford. These include tanks 241-AN-103,241-AN-104, 241-AN-105, 241-AW-101, 241-SY-101, and 241-SY-103. The tanks and the waste they contain are described in terms of fill history and chemistry. The results of mixer pump operation and recent waste transfers and back-dilution in SY-101 are also described. In-situ measurement and monitoring systems are described and the data are summarized under the categories of thermal behavior, waste configuration and properties, gas generation and composition, gas retention and historical gas release behavior.

HEDENGREN, D.C.

2000-09-28

359

Test report of evaluation of primary exhaust ventilation flowmeters for double shell hydrogen watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the results of testing four different flowmeters for use in the primary exhaust ventilation ducts of Double Shell Tanks on the hydrogen watch list that do not already have this capability. This currently includes tanks 241-AW-101,241-AN- 103, 241-AN-104, 241-AN-105 and 241-SY-103. The anticipated airflow velocity in these tanks range from 0.25 m/s(50 ft/min) to 1/78 m/s (350 ft/min). Past experiences at Hanford have forced the evaluation and selection of instruments to be used at the low flow and relatively high humidity conditions found in these tanks. Based on the results of this test, a flow meter has been chosen for installation in the primary exhaust ventilation ducts of the above mentioned waste tanks.

Willingham, W.E., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-03

360

Beyond the Mussel Watch--new directions for monitoring marine pollution.  

PubMed

The increasing numbers and types of potential pollutants in the world oceans calls for novel strategies for their assays. The 'Mussel Watch' well served the latter decades of the 20th century. For the immediate future, individual assays of the chemicals of concern should be replaced by the analyses of groups of pollutants which have a common impact upon marine organisms. Secondly, more attention should be focussed upon the benthos where many potential pollutants continue to accumulate. Impacts upon members of the marine biosphere may be recognized by population changes of individual species. Lastly, time frame monitoring studies should be initiated, so that long-term trends in the health of a system can be detected. PMID:10803545

Goldberg, E D; Bertine, K K

2000-03-20

361

Asymptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis with Left Ventricular Dysfunction: Watchful Waiting or Valve Replacement?  

PubMed Central

Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disorder in older adults. Patients with severe AS are generally treated nonsurgically if asymptomatic and referred to aortic valve replacement when symptoms develop. However, patients with severe asymptomatic AS with left ventricular dysfunction may benefit from early aortic valve replacement. Although operative mortality in patients with severe AS and left ventricular dysfunction is greater than in patients with preserved left ventricular function, the overall mortality risk is substantially lower than that of watchful waiting. Operative risk in patients with severe AS and left ventricular dysfunction is often overestimated and, consequently, most are not referred to surgery despite clinical data in support of early aortic valve replacement. Asymptomatic patients with echocardiographic confirmation of severe AS and left ventricular dysfunction should be referred for aortic valve replacement. PMID:23580789

Miller, Larry E.; Miller, Valerie M.; Acers, Larry D.

2013-01-01

362

Spectators in the stands watch launch of STS-95 and Space Shuttle Discovery.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Amid the thousands of spectators watching the launch of STS-95 are Insurance Commissioner Bill Nelson (second from left, pointing) and Heavyweight Boxing Champion Evander Holyfield (next to him). A former U.S. representative, Nelson flew as a crew member on STS 61-C in January 1986. The STS-95 mission, which lifted off at 2:19:34 p.m. EST on Oct. 29, includes research payloads such as the Spartan solar-observing deployable spacecraft, the Hubble Space Telescope Orbital Systems Test Platform, the International Extreme Ultraviolet Hitchhiker, as well as a SPACEHAB single module with experiments on space flight and the aging process. Extra attention has been drawn to the mission due to the addition to the crew of John H. Glenn Jr., a senator from Ohio. STS-95 is Glenn's second flight into space after 36 years; he was one of the original Project Mercury astronauts and flew his first mission in February 1962.

1998-01-01

363

Learning Science Through Digital Video: Views on Watching and Creating Videos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In science, the use of digital video to document phenomena, experiments and demonstrations has rapidly increased during the last decade. The use of digital video for science education also has become common with the wide availability of video over the internet. However, as with using any technology as a teaching tool, some questions should be asked: What science is being learned from watching a YouTube clip of a volcanic eruption or an informational video on hydroelectric power generation? What are student preferences (e.g. multimedia versus traditional mode of delivery) with regard to their learning? This study describes 1) the efficacy of watching digital video in the science classroom to enhance student learning, 2) student preferences of instruction with regard to multimedia versus traditional delivery modes, and 3) the use of creating digital video as a project-based educational strategy to enhance learning. Undergraduate non-science majors were the primary focus group in this study. Students were asked to view video segments and respond to a survey focused on what they learned from the segments. Additionally, they were asked about their preference for instruction (e.g. text only, lecture-PowerPoint style delivery, or multimedia-video). A majority of students indicated that well-made video, accompanied with scientific explanations or demonstration of the phenomena was most useful and preferred over text-only or lecture instruction for learning scientific information while video-only delivery with little or no explanation was deemed not very useful in learning science concepts. The use of student generated video projects as learning vehicles for the creators and other class members as viewers also will be discussed.

Wade, P.; Courtney, A. R.

2013-12-01

364

Protocol for the Women And Their Children's Health (WATCH) Study: A Cohort of Pregnancy and Beyond  

PubMed Central

Background The developmental origins of health and disease is a conceptual framework that helps explain the links between our early life exposures and later health outcomes, and is a burgeoning field of research. In this report, we describe the study protocol used in a prospective cohort of women recruited during pregnancy, with postnatal follow-up of the mothers and offspring. Methods The Women And Their Children’s Health (WATCH) cohort (n = 180 women) is being conducted at the John Hunter Hospital, Australia (from June 2006). Women attended study visits during pregnancy at 19, 24, 30, and 36 weeks’ gestation. Postnatal follow-up of the women and their offspring occurred at 3-month intervals during the first year after birth and annually thereafter, until age 4 years. Fetal ultrasound scans were performed at each pregnancy visit. Pregnancy and birth data were obtained from hospital records. Data collection has included maternal and child anthropometric, biochemical, dietary, physical activity, socioeconomic, medical, and other variables. Conclusions The 2 most novel components of our prospective cohort study are (1) the regular and systematic tracking of fetal and child growth and body composition, starting in the second trimester of pregnancy and continuing to age 4 years, and (2) the detailed maternal and child dietary data collection, including biochemical parameters. Detailed cohorts that collect data on the early nutritional, physiological, and social determinants of health are valuable. Despite its relatively small sample size, many hypotheses on developmental origins can be tested or piloted using data collected from the WATCH cohort. PMID:22374367

Hure, Alexis J; Collins, Clare E; Giles, Warwick B; Wright, Ian MR; Smith, Roger

2012-01-01

365

Watch for those fragments of evidence: the use of an automatic timepiece to help correlate a helicopter crash site from the Vietnam War.  

PubMed

This case study illustrates the use of the date function on an automatic wristwatch to help identify a Vietnam War helicopter crash site. The location of a crash incident can sometimes be uncertain because of inadequate or inaccurate wartime records and the passage of time. Artifacts recovered from a prospective crash scene are regularly used to correlate the loss incident. In this case study, a recovered automatic watch displayed a date 2 days later than the reported loss incident. Although the date conflicts with the aircraft crash incident report, it is observed that a fully wound automatic watch continues to work for c. 2 days after movement of the watch ceases. Thus, the watch's date in fact correlates with the aircraft crash incident report. It is noted that automatic watches may also be used to date scenes of crime. PMID:21939442

Tuller, Hugh; Paolello, Josephine M

2012-01-01

366

Results of a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) for WATCH IT: a programme for obese children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background In the evaluation of childhood obesity interventions, few researchers undertake a rigorous feasibility stage in which the design and procedures of the evaluation process are examined. Consequently, phase III studies often demonstrate methodological weaknesses.Purpose Our aim was to conduct a feasibility trial of the evaluation of WATCH IT, a community obesity intervention for children and adolescents. We sought to

Maria Bryant; Amanda Farrin; Deborah Christie; Susan A Jebb; Ashley R Cooper; Mary Rudolf

2011-01-01

367

WhaleWatch: An Intelligent Multimedia Math Tutor David M. Hart, Ivon Arroyo, Joseph E. Beck and Beverly P. Woolf  

E-print Network

on a dynamically updated student model, WhaleWatch selects problems of appropriate difficulty and provides help-solving #12;[1], and providing the student the opportunity to select a mentoring character as a guide through and Beverly P. Woolf Center for Computer-Based Instructional Technology Department of Computer Science

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

368

“No—You Can’t Watch That”Parental Rules and Young Children’s Media Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the relations between parental rules regarding television use (for time and program, respectively) and television use among very young children (ages 0 to 6). Higher education level was related to rules of both types, whereas higher household income was related to having program rules. Parents with time rules reported their children watching less television, but parents with

Elizabeth A. Vandewater; Seoung-Eun Park; Xuan Huang; Ellen A. Wartella

2005-01-01

369

Solomon Islands: Summary Report. Educational Experience Survey: Education, Language and Literacy Experience. Asia-South Pacific Education Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Watch initiative is being implemented in the Solomon Islands by the Coalition on Education Solomon Islands (COESI) in partnership with Asian South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education (ASPBAE). COESI aims to generate a reliable body of information that will: (1) Accurately explain how much the national government has done and can do to…

de Guzman, Sylvia

2007-01-01

370

From the Milwaukee/Waukesha Area: Take I-94 West. As you approach Madison, watch for Exit 4A LEFT  

E-print Network

directions at right. From the Wausau/Stevens Point Area: Take I-39/Hwy. 51 South. At Portage, I-39 mergesFrom the Milwaukee/Waukesha Area: Take I-94 West. As you approach Madison, watch for Exit 4A LEFT. From Hwy 12/18, follow directions at right. From the Fond du Lac/Oshkosh/Appleton/Green Bay Area: Take

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

371

Review of Illingworth, Shona (2011). The Watch Man / Balnakiel. Belgium, Film and Video Umbrella, 2011, 172 pages, 15.00.  

E-print Network

­ about the characteristics of traumatic memories, post-traumatic stress disorder syndrome (PTSD to a traumatic past event. The sounds described are the sounds of the assemblage and the disassembly of watches tied to his traumatic past. The double passage between present/external world to past/internal mind

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

The New Classified Research. Corporate Sponsored Biomedical Research and the Reign of Secrecy at Harvard University. A Harvard Watch Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvard Watch asserts that withholding essential information from public scrutiny is not uncommon at Harvard University. Maintaining that Harvard has reversed its position from extolling the virtues of public disclosure to one of imposing secrecy, the document suggests that this about face is linked to the university's recent collaboration with…

Bourke, Jaron

373

Using PROC GLIMMIX to Analyze the Animal Watch, a Web-Based Tutoring System for Algebra Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I investigated how proficiently seventh-grade students enrolled in two Southwestern schools solve algebra word problems. I analyzed various factors that could affect this proficiency and explored the differences between English Learners (ELs) and native English Primary students (EPs). I collected the data as part of the Animal Watch

Barbu, Otilia C.

2012-01-01

374

Children's Hostile Attribution Bias Is Reduced after Watching Realistic Playful Fighting, and the Effect Is Mediated by Prosocial Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hostile attribution bias (HAB) has been found to characterize aggressive children. Watching prosocial media has been shown to have positive effects on children, and the general learning model has been used to account for these observations. This study tested the hypotheses derived from this theory that exposure to playful fighting would lead to a…

Boulton, Michael J.

2012-01-01

375

The Impact of Credit Watch and Bond Rating Changes on Abnormal Stock Returns for Non-USA Domiciled Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate whether credit watches and bond rating changes issued by Moodys' and S&P Credit Rating Agencies provide significant new information to investors for Non-USA domiciled corporations. We also examine whether the stock related cumulative abnormal return (CAR) differs according to the classification of the country of domicile (emerging or developed) of the corporation, and varies by

Boon Ching Benjamin EE

2008-01-01

376

Nuclear Energy. It is not a solution, it is a problem The Mediterranean Antinuclear Watch (MANW) is a non -  

E-print Network

Nuclear Energy. It is not a solution, it is a problem #12;The Mediterranean Antinuclear Watch (MANW - called "peaceful use" of nuclear energy as well as the production and proliferation of nuclear weapons pose. #12;Nuclear energy renaissance Twenty two years after the accident in Chernobyl NPP. Energy

377

A Need For Correction: Reforming New York's Juvenile Justice System. Child Welfare Watch. Vol. 18, Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the wake of a U.S. Justice Department investigation that found widespread use of excessive force by staff at upstate psychiatric care facilities for mentally ill children, this new edition of Child Welfare Watch identifies shortcomings in mental health services and explores possible solutions, including the expansion of alternatives to…

White, Andrew; Hemphill, Clara; Hurley, Kendra

2009-01-01

378

Pick a Hand, Any Hand: Mixed-Handedness and Night-Sky Watching in a College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between handedness and interest in night-sky watching. University students (N= 128) completed the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory (Oldfield, 1971) and the Noctcaelador Inventory (Kelly, 2004). The findings indicated that mixed-handed participants scored highest on noctcaelador relative to those classified as…

Kelly, William E.

2009-01-01

379

Relationship between Noctcaelador and Aesthetic Sensitivity: Art-Related Personality Factors Associated with College Students' Night-Sky Watching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between positive attitudes and behaviors concerning night-sky watching (noctcaelador) and aesthetic sensitivity. College students (N = 106) completed the Noctcaelador Inventory (Kelly, 2004a) and a shortened version of the Sensitivity Questionnaire (Child, 1965). Noctcaelador was significantly, positively…

Kelly, William E.

2008-01-01

380

The Energy Expenditure of an Activity-Promoting Video Game compared to Sedentary Video Games and TV Watching  

PubMed Central

Background Screen time continues to be a major contributing factor to sedentariness in children. There have been more creative approaches to increase physical over the last few years. One approach has been through the use of video games. In the present study we investigated the effect of television watching and the use of activity-promoting video games on energy expenditure and movement in lean and obese children. Our primary hypothesis was that energy expenditure and movement decreases while watching television, in lean and obese children. Our secondary hypothesis was that energy expenditure and movement increases when playing the same game with an activity-promoting video game console compared to a sedentary video game console, in lean and obese children. Methods Eleven boys (10 ± 1 year) and eight girls (9 ± 1 year) ranging in BMI from 14–29 kg/m2 (eleven lean and eight overweight or obese) were recruited. Energy expenditure and physical activity were measured while participants were watching television, playing a video game on a traditional sedentary video game console, and while playing the same video game on an activity-promoting video game (Nintendo Wii) console. Results Energy expenditure was significantly greater than television watching and playing video games on a sedentary video game console when children played the video game on the activity-promoting console(125.3 ± 38.2 Kcal/hr vs. 79.7 ± 20.1 and 79.4 ±15.7, P<0.0001, respectively). When examining movement with accelerometry, children moved significantly more when playing the video game on the Nintendo Wii console (p<0.0001). Conclusion The amount of movement and energy expenditure of television watching and playing video games on a sedentary video game console is not different. Activity-promoting video games have shown to increase movement, and be an important tool to raise energy expenditure by 50% when compared to sedentary activities of daily living. PMID:22145458

Mitre, Naim; Foster, Randal C; Lanningham-Foster, Lorraine; Levine, James A.

2014-01-01

381

Watershed Watch Undergraduate Research Projects: Monitoring Environmental Impacts on Tree Growth - Urban Development and Hurricanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Watershed Watch (NSF 0525433) is designed to engage early undergraduate students from two-year and four-year colleges in student-driven full inquiry-based instruction in the biogeosciences. Program goals for Watershed Watch are to test if inquiry-rich student-driven projects sufficiently engage undeclared students (or noncommittal STEM majors) to declare a STEM major (or remain with their STEM major). The program is a partnership between two four-year campuses - the University of New Hampshire (UNH), and Elizabeth City State University (ECSU, in North Carolina); and two two-year campuses - Great Bay Community College (GBCC, in New Hampshire) and the College of the Albemarle (COA, in North Carolina). Two Watershed Watch students from the 2009 Summer Research Institute (SRI), held on the ECSU campus, August 3-14, 2009 investigated the use of wood cores collected from loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and bald cypress (Taxodium distichum). One student team studied the possible impacts of urban development on tree growth, focusing on the use of dendrochronology to assess the effect of environmental factors on the trees. Tree cores and foliar samples were collected at the ECSU Outdoor Classroom and compared with the same species from the Great Dismal Swamp (GDS) in Virginia. The main targets of this experiment were one aquatic tree, the bald cypress, and a land based tree, the loblolly pine. This allowed us to compare an urbanized area (ECSU) with a more natural setting (GDS) to evaluate factors impacting tree growth. This experiment suggests that there may be potentially harmful impacts of an urban environment with the data that at ECSU. The growth rings of the ECSU campus tree cores are noticeably narrow, especially in the loblolly pine from the ECSU outdoor classroom, and multiple fluctuations in more recent tree rings of the bald cypress in the ECSU campus. Growth ring compression, beginning approximately in 1956 in 100-year old loblolly pines, corresponds in timing with the nearby construction of two student dormitories within 100 feet of the trees. The other student team studied cores for evidence of possible impacts from four recent hurricanes (Isabel, category 5, 2003; Floyd, category 4, 1999; Bonnie, category 3, 1998; and Fran, Category 3, 1996) on trees from the Alligator River (near Cape Hatteras, NC) and from the ECSU campus (well inland). Cores were evaluated for the presence or absence of false growth rings that could be the result of saltwater impoundment associated with storm surges. False growth rings were seen in the cores of loblolly pine from the Alligator River site, but only for the years 2003 and 1999. No false growth rings were seen in the cores of loblolly pine from the ECSU campus. Both hurricanes Isabel and Floyd were stronger storms and had higher storm surges (8-10 ft) than either Bonnie or Fran (storm surges of 3-5 feet). The team hypothesized that the false growth rings were related to the impacts of the two stronger storms.

Rock, B. N.; Hale, S.

2009-12-01

382

Future City Competition The New Mexico Regional Competition is an unique opportunity for middle school children to  

E-print Network

school children to combine skills in engineering, environmental science, and art to create a vision writing, computer modeling, resource planning, and art for middle school children. Regional Competition.org/region/news/new-mexico-joins-future-city-competition View video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2R7xO13Xkw4&feature=youtu.be Northern New Mexico

383

Watch the hands: infants can learn to follow gaze by seeing adults manipulate objects.  

PubMed

Infants gradually learn to share attention, but it is unknown how they acquire skills such as gaze-following. Deák and Triesch (2006) suggest that gaze-following could be acquired if infants learn that adults' gaze direction is likely to be aligned with interesting sights. This hypothesis stipulates that adults tend to look at things that infants find interesting, and that infants could learn by noticing this tendency. We tested the plausibility of this hypothesis through video-based micro-behavioral analysis of naturalistic parent-infant play. The results revealed that 3- to 11-month-old infants strongly preferred watching caregivers handle objects. In addition, when caregivers looked away from their infant they tended to look at their own object-handling. Finally, when infants looked toward the caregiver while she was looking at her own hands, the infant's next eye movement was often toward the caregiver's object-handling. In this way infants receive adequate naturalistic input to learn associations between their parent's gaze direction and the locations of interesting sights. PMID:24387193

Deák, Gedeon O; Krasno, Anna M; Triesch, Jochen; Lewis, Joshua; Sepeta, Leigh

2014-03-01

384

Subjective experiences of watching stereoscopic Avatar and U2 3D in a cinema  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A stereoscopic 3-D version of the film Avatar was shown to 85 people who subsequently answered questions related to sickness, visual strain, stereoscopic image quality, and sense of presence. Viewing Avatar for 165 min induced some symptoms of visual strain and sickness, but the symptom levels remained low. A comparison between Avatar and previously published results for the film U2 3D showed that sickness and visual strain levels were similar despite the films' runtimes. The genre of the film had a significant effect on the viewers' opinions and sense of presence. Avatar, which has been described as a combination of action, adventure, and sci-fi genres, was experienced as more immersive and engaging than the music documentary U2 3D. However, participants in both studies were immersed, focused, and absorbed in watching the stereoscopic 3-D (S3-D) film and were pleased with the film environments. The results also showed that previous stereoscopic 3-D experience significantly reduced the amount of reported eye strain and complaints about the weight of the viewing glasses.

Pölönen, Monika; Salmimaa, Marja; Takatalo, Jari; Häkkinen, Jukka

2012-01-01

385

Heart rate modulation in bystanding geese watching social and non-social events.  

PubMed

Simply observing other individuals interacting has been shown to affect subsequent behaviour and also hormones in 'bystander' individuals. However, immediate physiological responses of an observer have been hardly investigated. Here we present results on individuals' heart rate (HR) responses during various situations, which occur regularly in a flock of greylag geese (Anser anser, e.g. agonistic encounters, vehicles passing by). We recorded simultaneously HR and behaviour of 21 semi-tame free-roaming geese, equipped with fully implanted transmitters. We considered 304 social and 81 non-social events during which the focal individuals did not respond behaviourally. Independent of the spatial distance to the event, these HR responses were significantly greater in social contexts (e.g. departing or landing geese, agonistic interactions) than in non-social situations (e.g. vehicles passing by, thunder). Focal individuals showed a significantly higher maximum HR as well as a greater HR increase in response to agonistic interactions, in which the pair partner or a family member was involved, as compared with a non-affiliated goose. Also, HR was significantly higher when the bystander watched non-affiliated geese interacting, which were higher ranking than the focal. We conclude that these differences are due to different relevance of the recorded events for the focal individual, depending on the individuals involved in the observed interaction. PMID:18430645

Wascher, Claudia A F; Scheiber, Isabella B R; Kotrschal, Kurt

2008-07-22

386

Watching elderly and disabled person's physical condition by remotely controlled monorail robot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing a nursing system using robots and cameras. The cameras are mounted on a remote controlled monorail robot which moves inside a room and watches the elderly. It is necessary to pay attention to the elderly at home or nursing homes all time. This requires staffs to pay attention to them at every time. The purpose of our system is to help those staffs. This study intends to improve such situation. A host computer controls a monorail robot to go in front of the elderly using the images taken by cameras on the ceiling. A CCD camera is mounted on the monorail robot to take pictures of their facial expression or movements. The robot sends the images to a host computer that checks them whether something unusual happens or not. We propose a simple calibration method for positioning the monorail robots to track the moves of the elderly for keeping their faces at center of camera view. We built a small experiment system, and evaluated our camera calibration method and image processing algorithm.

Nagasaka, Yasunori; Matsumoto, Yoshinori; Fukaya, Yasutoshi; Takahashi, Tomoichi; Takeshita, Toru

2001-10-01

387

Digital Earth Watch And Picture Post Network: Measuring The Environment Through Digital Images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital Earth Watch (DEW) involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. The program offers people the means to join the Picture Post network and to study and analyze their own findings using DEW software. A Picture Post is an easy-to-use and inexpensive platform for repeatedly taking digital photographs as a standardized set of images of the entire 360° landscape, which then can be shared over the Internet on the Picture Post website. This simple concept has the potential to create a wealth of information and data on changing environmental conditions, which is important for a society grappling with the effects of environmental change. Picture Posts may be added by anyone interested in monitoring a particular location. The value of a Picture Post is in the commitment of participants to take repeated photographs - monthly, weekly, or even daily - to build up a long-term record over many years. This poster will show examples of Picture Post pictures being used for monitoring and research applications, and a DEW mobile app for capturing repeat digital photographs at a virtual post. We invite individuals, schools, informal education centers, groups and communities to join.; A new post and its website. ; Creating a virtual post using the mobile app.

Schloss, A. L.; Beaudry, J.; Pickle, J.; Carrera, F.

2012-12-01

388

Digital Earth Watch And Picture Post Network: Measuring The Environment Through Digital Images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital Earth Watch (DEW) involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. The program offers people the means to join the Picture Post network and to study and analyze their own findings using DEW software. A Picture Post is an easy-to-use and inexpensive platform for repeatedly taking digital photographs as a standardized set of images of the entire 360° landscape, which then can be shared over the Internet on the Picture Post website. This simple concept has the potential to create a wealth of information and data on changing environmental conditions, which is important for a society grappling with the effects of environmental change. Picture Posts may be added by anyone interested in monitoring a particular location. The value of a Picture Post is in the commitment of participants to take repeated photographs - monthly, weekly, or even daily - to build up a long-term record over many years. This poster will show examples of Picture Post pictures being used for capturing seasonal plant phenological events, monitoring the recovery of a landscape following a large storm, and intrusion of an invasive species. DEW is being developed by a collaborative effort led by the University of New Hampshire with the Federation of Earth Science Information Partners, the University of Southern Maine, and Worcester Polytechnic Institute, with support from NASA. We invite individuals, schools, informal education centers, groups and communities to join. Please visit us at our web site:

Schloss, A. L.; Beaudry, J.; Pickle, J.; Carerra, F.

2011-12-01

389

Perception while watching movies: Effects of physical screen size and scene type  

PubMed Central

Over the last decade, television screens and display monitors have increased in size considerably, but has this improved our televisual experience? Our working hypothesis was that the audiences adopt a general strategy that “bigger is better.” However, as our visual perceptions do not tap directly into basic retinal image properties such as retinal image size (C. A. Burbeck, 1987), we wondered whether object size itself might be an important factor. To test this, we needed a task that would tap into the subjective experiences of participants watching a movie on different-sized displays with the same retinal subtense. Our participants used a line bisection task to self-report their level of “presence” (i.e., their involvement with the movie) at several target locations that were probed in a 45-min section of the movie “The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly.” Measures of pupil dilation and reaction time to the probes were also obtained. In Experiment 1, we found that subjective ratings of presence increased with physical screen size, supporting our hypothesis. Face scenes also produced higher presence scores than landscape scenes for both screen sizes. In Experiment 2, reaction time and pupil dilation results showed the same trends as the presence ratings and pupil dilation correlated with presence ratings, providing some validation of the method. Overall, the results suggest that real-time measures of subjective presence might be a valuable tool for measuring audience experience for different types of (i) display and (ii) audiovisual material. PMID:23145293

Troscianko, Tom; Meese, Timothy S.; Hinde, Stephen

2012-01-01

390

The effect of left-right reversal on film: Watching Kurosawa reversed.  

PubMed

The mirror reversal of an image is subtly different from the original. Often such change goes unnoticed in pictures, although it can affect preference. For the first time we studied the effect of mirror reversal of feature films. People watched Yojimbo or Sanjuro in a cinema, both classic films by Akira Kurosawa. They knew that this was a study and filled out a questionnaire. On one day Yojimbo was shown in its original orientation, and on another day the film was mirror reversed. Sanjuro was shown reversed on one day and non-reversed on another day. Viewers did not notice the reversal, even when they had seen the film before and considered themselves fans of Kurosawa. We compared this with estimates from a survey. In addition, the question about the use of space (scenography) revealed that although people who had seen the film before gave higher ratings compared with those who had not, this was only true when the film was not reversed. PMID:23145243

Bertamini, Marco; Bode, Carole; Bruno, Nicola

2011-01-01

391

Watching television while eating increases energy intake. Examining the mechanisms in female participants.  

PubMed

Watching television (TV) while eating tends to increase food intake, but why this occurs is not well understood. Here, we examined TV's effects on sensory specific satiety (SSS), introception (i.e., hunger/fullness), mood and other variables, in females who all ate one snack meal with TV and another without TV. To manipulate the development of SSS, participants were assigned either to a group receiving a single type of snack food or one receiving four types. Everyone ate more with TV. More food items were eaten in the group offered multiple snack types. In the group eating a single snack type with TV, hedonic ratings indicated that SSS did not develop and this was associated with greater food intake. Irrespective of group, more food had to be consumed to generate the same shift in hunger/fullness when eating with TV, relative to no TV. TV exerted less effect on food intake both if it improved mood and if participants were unfamiliar with the TV show, and a greater effect if participants were frequent TV viewers. We suggest that TV can affect several processes that normally assist the voluntary regulation of food intake. PMID:24462489

Braude, Lucy; Stevenson, Richard J

2014-05-01

392

The effect of left-right reversal on film: Watching Kurosawa reversed  

PubMed Central

The mirror reversal of an image is subtly different from the original. Often such change goes unnoticed in pictures, although it can affect preference. For the first time we studied the effect of mirror reversal of feature films. People watched Yojimbo or Sanjuro in a cinema, both classic films by Akira Kurosawa. They knew that this was a study and filled out a questionnaire. On one day Yojimbo was shown in its original orientation, and on another day the film was mirror reversed. Sanjuro was shown reversed on one day and non-reversed on another day. Viewers did not notice the reversal, even when they had seen the film before and considered themselves fans of Kurosawa. We compared this with estimates from a survey. In addition, the question about the use of space (scenography) revealed that although people who had seen the film before gave higher ratings compared with those who had not, this was only true when the film was not reversed. PMID:23145243

Bertamini, Marco; Bode, Carole; Bruno, Nicola

2011-01-01

393

Treatment cost effectiveness in acute otitis media: A watch-and-wait approach versus amoxicillin  

PubMed Central

In Canada, antimicrobial treatment is the most common approach for acute otitis media. The aim of the present study was to compare the cost effectiveness of treatment with amoxicillin versus a watch-and-wait approach (WAIT) within a Canadian pediatric setting. Four hundred eighty-eight children, six months to five years of age, who participated in a randomized controlled trial were included in the study. The average medication costs per patient were higher for the amoxicillin group ($17.26) than for the WAIT group ($4.33). However, both health care ($148.44 versus $162.48) and patient costs ($23.50 versus $31.87) were greater for the WAIT group. The mean cost of treatment for the amoxicillin group was $189.20, compared with $198.68 for the WAIT group. Amoxicillin may be cost effective in treating children with acute otitis media. The potential development of antimicrobial resistance was not addressed in the present study. PMID:21886439

Gaboury, Isabelle; Coyle, Kathryn; Coyle, Douglas; Le Saux, Nicole

2010-01-01

394

Television Watching and Other Sedentary Behaviors in Relation to Risk of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Women  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The last few years have seen a number of studies linking a sedentary lifestyle to obesity and an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes. This problem has been rather pronounced in the United States, as more Americans tend towards watching or being "passive" participants in activities. In a study released in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Professor Frank B. Hu and his colleagues at Harvard examined the relationship between various sedentary behaviors (particularly prolonged television watching) and the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in women. Looking at approximately 50,000 women from 11 states, Dr. Hu and his colleagues determined that sedentary behaviors were associated with a significantly elevated risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. For persons interested in public health and women's health in particular, this report will be of great importance.

Colditz, Graham A.; Hu, Frank B.; Li, Tricia Y.; Manson, Joann E.; Willett, Walter.

2003-01-01

395

Results From the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group Trial Number 4: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Radical Prostatectomy Versus Watchful Waiting  

PubMed Central

In the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group Trial Number 4 (SPCG-4), 347 men were randomly assigned to radical prostatectomy and 348 to watchful waiting. In the most recent analysis (median follow-up time = 12.8 years), the cumulative mortality curves had been stable over the follow-up. At 15 years, the absolute risk reduction of dying from prostate cancer was 6.1% following randomization to radical prostatectomy, compared with watchful waiting. Hence, 17 need to be randomized to operation to avert one death. Data on self-reported symptoms, stress from symptoms, and quality of life were collected at 4 and 12.2 years of median follow-up. These questionnaire studies show an intricate pattern of symptoms evolving after surgery, hormonal treatments, signs of tumor progression, and also from natural aging. This article discusses some of the main findings of the SPCG-4 study. PMID:23271778

2012-01-01

396

Multicenter study shows an investigational urine test can predict high-risk prostate cancer in men who choose ‘watchful waiting’  

Cancer.gov

Initial results of a multicenter study coordinated by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center indicates that two investigational urine-based biomarkers are associated with prostate cancers that are likely to be aggressive and potentially life-threatening among men who take a “watchful waiting,” or active-surveillance approach to manage their disease. Ultimately, these markers may lead to the development of a urine test that could complement prostate biopsy for predicting disease aggressiveness and progression.

397

Radical Prostatectomy Versus Watchful Waiting in Localized Prostate Cancer: the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group4 Randomized Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results During a median of 10.8 years of follow-up (range = 3 weeks to 17.2 years), 137 men in the surgery group and 156 in the watchful waiting group died ( P = .09). For 47 of the 347 men (13.5%) who were randomly assigned to surgery and 68 of the 348 men (19.5%) who were not, death was due

Anna Bill-Axelson; Lars Holmberg; Frej Filén; Mirja Ruutu; Hans Garmo; Christer Busch; Stig Nordling; Michael Häggman; Swen-Olof Andersson; Stefan Bratell; Anders Spångberg; Juni Palmgren

2008-01-01

398

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aU1XHX-GKxk / Blur / 13 (1999) / Coffee & TV guitar tab  

E-print Network

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aU1XHX-GKxk / Blur / 13 (1999) / Coffee & TV guitar tab COFFEE & TV are (GUITAR FILL 1) (Chorus) C#m So give me Coffee & TV B A (Graham plays B13) History (GUITAR FILL 2) C#m I 1) (Chorus) C#m So give me Coffee & TV B A (Graham plays B13) History (GUITAR FILL 2) C#m I've seen

Reiners, Peter W.

399

Influence of stereopsis and abnormal binocular vision on ocular and systemic discomfort while watching 3D television  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the degree of three-dimensional (3D) perception and ocular and systemic discomfort in patients with abnormal binocular vision (ABV), and their relationship to stereoacuity while watching a 3D television (TV). Methods Patients with strabismus, amblyopia, or anisometropia older than 9 years were recruited for the ABV group (98 subjects). Normal volunteers were enrolled in the control group (32 subjects). Best-corrected visual acuity, refractive errors, angle of strabismus, and stereoacuity were measured. After watching 3D TV for 20?min, a survey was conducted to evaluate the degree of 3D perception, and ocular and systemic discomfort while watching 3D TV. Results One hundred and thirty subjects were enrolled in this study. The ABV group included 49 patients with strabismus, 22 with amblyopia, and 27 with anisometropia. The ABV group showed worse stereoacuity at near and distant fixation (P<0.001). Ocular and systemic discomfort was, however, not different between the two groups. Fifty-three subjects in the ABV group and all subjects in the control group showed good stereopsis (60?s of arc or better at near), and they reported more dizziness, headache, eye fatigue, and pain (P<0.05) than the other 45 subjects with decreased stereopsis. The subjects with good stereopsis in the ABV group felt more eye fatigue than those in the control group (P=0.031). The subjects with decreased stereopsis showed more difficulty with 3D perception (P<0.001). Conclusions The subjects with abnormal stereopsis showed decreased 3D perception while watching 3D TV. However, ocular and systemic discomfort was more closely related to better stereopsis. PMID:23928879

Kim, S-H; Suh, Y-W; Yun, C; Yoo, E-J; Yeom, J-H; Cho, Y A

2013-01-01

400

DECREASES IN MIGRATING SHARP-SHINNED HAWKS (ACCIPITER STRIATUS) AT TRADITIONAL RAPTOR-MIGRATION WATCH SITES IN EASTERN NORTH AMERICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each fall, migrating Sharp-shinned Hawks (Accipiter striatus) are counted at traditional raptor-migration watch sites in eastern North America. During the 1980s and early 1990s, declines in the numbers of Sharp-shinned Hawks sighted at many of these sites raised concerns about the population status of the species. Using count data from Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Pennsylvania, and Cape May Point, New Jersey,

CATHERINE B. VIVERETTE; SUSANNA STRUVE; LAURIE J. GOODRICH; KEITH L. BILDSTEIN

401

The development of ShortWatch, a novel overtemperature or mechanical damage sensing technology for wires or cables. Final report  

SciTech Connect

'ShortWatch' is a patented technology which for the first time offers electrical wire/cable products providing real-time, 'in-situ' (1) condition monitoring that warns of insulation damage before an electrical fault occurs, (2) assessment of the ability to perform in a Design Basis event, (3) distributed sensor warning of overtemperature, and (4) insulation leakage measurement capability providing arc sensing and a reliable tool for wire age prediction.

Watkins, Ken; Morris, Jack; Wong, C.P.; Luo, Shijian

2001-09-07

402

Children's hostile attribution bias is reduced after watching realistic playful fighting, and the effect is mediated by prosocial thoughts.  

PubMed

Hostile attribution bias (HAB) has been found to characterize aggressive children. Watching prosocial media has been shown to have positive effects on children, and the general learning model has been used to account for these observations. This study tested the hypotheses derived from this theory that exposure to playful fighting would lead to a reduction in HAB, both immediately and after a 1-day delay, and that this effect would be mediated by positive thoughts. Four studies exposed child participants (N=242) to playful fighting versus neutral behavior primes and then tested their HAB. In two studies, thoughts about playful fighting and about children were assessed and tested as mediators. The main hypotheses were supported. The positive effect of watching playful fighting on HAB was evident immediately but not after 1 day. This effect was mediated by positive thoughts. In line with the general learning model, watching playful fighting reduced HAB in children, and positive thoughts contribute to this effect. This extends the realm of the general learning model and suggests interventions to help children avoid aggression. PMID:22704038

Boulton, Michael J

2012-09-01

403

Figure 1: Experiment space: a participant watches a quadrotor moving around with an expressive locomotion path designed using the Laban Effort System  

E-print Network

Figure 1: Experiment space: a participant watches a quadrotor moving around with an expressive uncertainty by hesitating. In this paper we specifically explore how a flying quadrotor robot can modify its

404

A lunging fly looks angry, but the "emotion" is a hard-wired reflex. Now a computer-vision system that watches flies and can figure  

E-print Network

that watches flies and can figure out what they're doing is helping biologists trace those wires-- and might began developing a set of techniques to turn mouse neurons By Douglas L. Smith Sex, Flies, and Videotape

405

Tips on Access and How to Watch Tegrity Movies From Jasperse web: Click on link and everything should load. No password required at  

E-print Network

Tips on Access and How to Watch Tegrity Movies From Jasperse web" chapters also help you navigate. 3. Double clicking on the movie panel makes" button 6. Click on movie of interest 7. Click the arrow to begin play from

Jasperse, Craig P.

406

Watershed Watch - Student-driven Research Experiences That Attract Undeclared Undergraduate Students Into STEM Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF-sponsored partnership between the University of New Hampshire (UNH), Elizabeth City State University (ECSU), New Hampshire Community Technical College (NHCTC), and the College of the Albemarle (COA) has implemented a unique series of courses designed to attract undergraduate students with undeclared majors into the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. These courses incorporate student- driven research comparing the Merrimack River (NH/MA) and Pasquotank River watersheds (VA/NC). Entitled Watershed Watch (WW), the courses utilize pedagogical approaches based on hands-on, inquiry-based teaching and learning. In alternating years, a two-week WW summer institute is held in each watershed. Students conduct authentic research on various aspects of the watershed's geology, limnology, and landscape ecology. Then during the academic year, WW students enroll in a course where they are paired with faculty mentors, and engage in more in-depth research projects. Samples of student research include assessing calcium oxalate crystals as an indicator of plant stress in NH red spruce (Picea rubens) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea) and GIS modeling/mapping coastal NC changes resulting from postulated melting of the Greenland ice sheet. After completing the first year in a five-year funding cycle, formative/summative evaluation methods have identified the following student perceptions regarding STEM disciplines: participating students found WW to be enjoyable, exciting, and meaningful; as a result of WW, 60 percent of undeclared students from the four-year institutions (UNH/ECSU) declared a STEM major or minor; and approximately 20 percent of the two-year students (NHCTC/COA) enrolled in four-year STEM programs or are employed in STEM fields.

Rock, B. N.; Hale, S. R.; Hayden, L. B.; Graham, K. J.

2007-12-01

407

Patient Perspective on Watchful Waiting/Active Surveillance for Localized Prostate Cancer  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe prostate cancer treatment decision making, focusing on knowledge and attitudes toward observation, known as watchful waiting (WW) or active surveillance (AS), and reasons for not choosing WW/AS. Methods Semistructured in-person interviews were conducted with 21 men (14 black; 7 white) with recently diagnosed localized prostate cancer. Results All cancers were detected by prostate-specific antigen screening; 14 men had low-risk disease. Nineteen chose surgery or radiation treatment. The majority wanted to “get rid of” or “cure” the cancer by undergoing aggressive therapy, even with awareness of the potential for significant side effects. Most men seemed unaware of the uncertainty/controversies that aggressive treatment may not cure their cancer or improve their survival. Limited knowledge about WW/AS was common, and few remembered WW/AS being presented as a viable option. Rather, many men perceived it as “doing nothing.” Some men, who initially were inclined toward WW/AS, yielded to pressure from family, physicians, or both to choose aggressive treatment. Lack of physician support was a significant barrier to WW/AS. Conclusions The observational strategy (WW/AS) was not viewed as a reasonable approach, even for those with low-risk cancer. The desire for aggressive therapy may reflect the complex psychology associated with receiving a diagnosis of cancer and the limited supportive counseling received. Further efforts to better understand and educate patients and physicians may help men make informed and appropriate treatment decisions to maximize quality of life without compromising survival. PMID:23136314

Xu, Jinping; Neale, Anne Victoria; Dailey, Rhonda K.; Eggly, Susan; Schwartz, Kendra L.

2014-01-01

408

The elements of a consumer-based initiative in contributing to positive environmental change: Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch program.  

PubMed

Monterey Bay Aquarium launched the Seafood Watch program in 2000. The program's Seafood Watch pocket guide is a simple tool that visitors can use to identify seafood from environmentally responsible sources. Since its inception, more than 2 million pocket guides have been distributed to Monterey Bay Aquarium visitors and 20 million have been distributed through partnerships across the United States. Partner institutions such as aquariums, conservation organizations, and businesses also conduct outreach and are working to influence their local seafood purveyors. An evaluation conducted in 2003 and 2004 assessed the program's strategies for increasing awareness and shifting consumer buying habits as they relate to sustainable seafood, including use of the pocket guide. Visitors who picked up pocket guides were surveyed immediately after their aquarium visit, and again four months later. The evaluation found that most visitors continued to use the guides and had changed their seafood buying habits in several respects. Those interviewed also reported some barriers to using the guides. The elements that appear to be critical to the success of the strategy with respect to changing consumer purchasing habits include: a focused distribution approach; providing credible and specific information on problems and solutions to increase action-related knowledge; providing a trigger or prompt that is available at the time of purchase; and reducing barriers to action, at the point of action, by working with seafood purveyors and the broader sustainable seafood movement to increase knowledge and available options. In response to the evaluation, Seafood Watch has strengthened these elements and expanded to help meet the needs of the broader sustainable seafood movement. A process of strategic planning, evaluation, cooperation among partners, and adaptability to the movement's natural evolution has proven to be critical to the program's success in contributing to the development of a marketplace for sustainable seafood. PMID:19821501

Kemmerly, Jennifer Dianto; Macfarlane, Victoria

2009-09-01

409

P2P Watch: Personal Health Information Detection in Peer-to-Peer File-Sharing Networks  

PubMed Central

Background Users of peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing networks risk the inadvertent disclosure of personal health information (PHI). In addition to potentially causing harm to the affected individuals, this can heighten the risk of data breaches for health information custodians. Automated PHI detection tools that crawl the P2P networks can identify PHI and alert custodians. While there has been previous work on the detection of personal information in electronic health records, there has been a dearth of research on the automated detection of PHI in heterogeneous user files. Objective To build a system that accurately detects PHI in files sent through P2P file-sharing networks. The system, which we call P2P Watch, uses a pipeline of text processing techniques to automatically detect PHI in files exchanged through P2P networks. P2P Watch processes unstructured texts regardless of the file format, document type, and content. Methods We developed P2P Watch to extract and analyze PHI in text files exchanged on P2P networks. We labeled texts as PHI if they contained identifiable information about a person (eg, name and date of birth) and specifics of the person’s health (eg, diagnosis, prescriptions, and medical procedures). We evaluated the system’s performance through its efficiency and effectiveness on 3924 files gathered from three P2P networks. Results P2P Watch successfully processed 3924 P2P files of unknown content. A manual examination of 1578 randomly selected files marked by the system as non-PHI confirmed that these files indeed did not contain PHI, making the false-negative detection rate equal to zero. Of 57 files marked by the system as PHI, all contained both personally identifiable information and health information: 11 files were PHI disclosures, and 46 files contained organizational materials such as unfilled insurance forms, job applications by medical professionals, and essays. Conclusions PHI can be successfully detected in free-form textual files exchanged through P2P networks. Once the files with PHI are detected, affected individuals or data custodians can be alerted to take remedial action. PMID:22776692

El Emam, Khaled; Arbuckle, Luk; Neri, Emilio; Rose, Sean; Jonker, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

410

The WFDEI meteorological forcing data set: WATCH Forcing Data methodology applied to ERA-Interim reanalysis data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WFDEI meteorological forcing data set has been generated using the same methodology as the widely used WATCH Forcing Data (WFD) by making use of the ERA-Interim reanalysis data. We discuss the specifics of how changes in the reanalysis and processing have led to improvement over the WFD. We attribute improvements in precipitation and wind speed to the latest reanalysis basis data and improved downward shortwave fluxes to the changes in the aerosol corrections. Covering 1979-2012, the WFDEI will allow more thorough comparisons of hydrological and Earth System model outputs with hydrologically and phenologically relevant satellite products than using the WFD.

Weedon, Graham P.; Balsamo, Gianpaolo; Bellouin, Nicolas; Gomes, Sandra; Best, Martin J.; Viterbo, Pedro

2014-09-01

411

Watching novice action degrades expert motor performance: Causation between action production and outcome prediction of observed actions by humans  

PubMed Central

Our social skills are critically determined by our ability to understand and appropriately respond to actions performed by others. However despite its obvious importance, the mechanisms enabling action understanding in humans have remained largely unclear. A popular but controversial belief is that parts of the motor system contribute to our ability to understand observed actions. Here, using a novel behavioral paradigm, we investigated this belief by examining a causal relation between action production, and a component of action understanding - outcome prediction, the ability of a person to predict the outcome of observed actions. We asked dart experts to watch novice dart throwers and predict the outcome of their throws. We modulated the feedbacks provided to them, caused a specific improvement in the expert's ability to predict watched actions while controlling the other experimental factors, and exhibited that a change (improvement) in their outcome prediction ability results in a progressive and proportional deterioration in the expert's own darts performance. This causal relationship supports involvement of the motor system in outcome prediction by humans of actions observed in others. PMID:25384755

Ikegami, Tsuyoshi; Ganesh, Gowrishankar

2014-01-01

412

The role of observers' gaze behaviour when watching object manipulation tasks: predicting and evaluating the consequences of action  

PubMed Central

When watching an actor manipulate objects, observers, like the actor, naturally direct their gaze to each object as the hand approaches and typically maintain gaze on the object until the hand departs. Here, we probed the function of observers' eye movements, focusing on two possibilities: (i) that observers' gaze behaviour arises from processes involved in the prediction of the target object of the actor's reaching movement and (ii) that this gaze behaviour supports the evaluation of mechanical events that arise from interactions between the actor's hand and objects. Observers watched an actor reach for and lift one of two presented objects. The observers' task was either to predict the target object or judge its weight. Proactive gaze behaviour, similar to that seen in self-guided action–observation, was seen in the weight judgement task, which requires evaluating mechanical events associated with lifting, but not in the target prediction task. We submit that an important function of gaze behaviour in self-guided action observation is the evaluation of mechanical events associated with interactions between the hand and object. By comparing predicted and actual mechanical events, observers, like actors, can gain knowledge about the world, including information about objects they may subsequently act upon. PMID:24018725

Flanagan, J. Randall; Rotman, Gerben; Reichelt, Andreas F.; Johansson, Roland S.

2013-01-01

413

Watching novice action degrades expert motor performance: Causation between action production and outcome prediction of observed actions by humans.  

PubMed

Our social skills are critically determined by our ability to understand and appropriately respond to actions performed by others. However despite its obvious importance, the mechanisms enabling action understanding in humans have remained largely unclear. A popular but controversial belief is that parts of the motor system contribute to our ability to understand observed actions. Here, using a novel behavioral paradigm, we investigated this belief by examining a causal relation between action production, and a component of action understanding - outcome prediction, the ability of a person to predict the outcome of observed actions. We asked dart experts to watch novice dart throwers and predict the outcome of their throws. We modulated the feedbacks provided to them, caused a specific improvement in the expert's ability to predict watched actions while controlling the other experimental factors, and exhibited that a change (improvement) in their outcome prediction ability results in a progressive and proportional deterioration in the expert's own darts performance. This causal relationship supports involvement of the motor system in outcome prediction by humans of actions observed in others. PMID:25384755

Ikegami, Tsuyoshi; Ganesh, Gowrishankar

2014-01-01

414

Canadian children's and youth's pedometer-determined steps\\/day, parent-reported TV watching time, and overweight\\/obesity: The CANPLAY Surveillance Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This study examines associations between pedometer-determined steps\\/day and parent-reported child's Body Mass Index (BMI)\\u000a and time typically spent watching television between school and dinner.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Young people (aged 5-19 years) were recruited through their parents by random digit dialling and mailed a data collection\\u000a package. Information on height and weight and time spent watching television between school and dinner on a

Catrine Tudor-Locke; Cora L Craig; Christine Cameron; Joseph M Griffiths

2011-01-01

415

An analysis of historical Mussel Watch Programme data from the west coast of the Cape Peninsula, Cape Town.  

PubMed

The concentrations of metals in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) prevalent along the west coast of the Cape Peninsula, Cape Town are presented. The mussels were sampled during the routine "Mussel Watch Programme" (MWP) between 1985 and 2008. Levels of Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn, Hg, Fe and Mn at Cape Point, Hout Bay, Sea Point, Milnerton and Bloubergstrand were analysed for autumn and spring and showed consistent similar mean values for the five sites. There was a highly significant temporal (annual and seasonal) difference between all metals as well as a significant difference in metal concentrations between the five sites. The concentrations of Zn, Fe, Cd and Pb were higher than previous investigations and possibly indicative of anthropogenic sources of metals. The results provide a strong motivation to increase efforts in marine pollution research in the area. PMID:25127737

Sparks, Conrad; Odendaal, James; Snyman, Reinette

2014-10-15

416

FCP and Mediation Styles: Factors Associated With Parents' Intentions to Let Their Children Watch Violent, Sexual and Family-Oriented Television Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

An online survey of 457 parents identifies factors associated with parents' intentions to allow their children to watch 18 common television scenes. Results of an exploratory factor analysis indicated that, with some exceptions, parents identified the scenes as 3 distinct factors representing violence, nudity and sexuality-related, and family-oriented content. Further, results from hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that mediation style

Stacey J. T. Hust; W. Joann Wong; Yi-Chun Yvonnes Chen

2011-01-01

417

Los padres y madres, principal referente de lo que los niños ven en la pantalla Parents, main referent for what children watch on TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fact that children share their exposure time of TV media with their parents affects the messages reception quality. The children who usually talk with their parents during the TV watching process present a higher activity level towards thier enviroment, understanding more clearly the values introduced into the images, and being able to distinguish reality from fiction. On the contrary,

Carmen Marta Lazo

418

A Lightweight UI Software Infrastructure for Wrist-based Displays: If your microwave oven could talk to your watch, what would it say?  

E-print Network

is someone watching television who decides to cook microwave popcorn in the kitchen. During a commercial break, the user leaves the room to place the popcorn in the kitchen microwave oven. The user sets the timer on the microwave oven and presses the start button. When oven starts to cook the popcorn, the oven

Thomas, Bruce

419

MBA Internship ProgramC o nnect wit h our students Hire top talent Watch your organizati on g row About the SFU Beedie School of Business MBA  

E-print Network

MBA Internship ProgramC o nnect wit h our students · Hire top talent · Watch your organizati on g of full-time experience. Internship Details Start date: September onward Duration: 4 month minimum Hours of the project and completes a student evaluation form at the end of the internship Our Students Commonly held

420

The relationship between materialism and the amount of time African-Americans spend listening to rap music and watching rap videos at Tennessee State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, few studies have empirically examined the relationship between materialism and the amount of time African-Americans spend listening to rap music and watching rap videos. This study explored that relationship in more detail and took a more in depth look at the underlying effects of elevated materialism through observational learning. Interested student-volunteers attended one of many scheduled group testing

Antoinette M James

2008-01-01

421

Johnstone Strait provides important summer habitat for British Columbia's northern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca). The site is also an active whale-watching  

E-print Network

resident killer whales (Orcinus orca). The site is also an active whale-watching area. A voluntary code demonstrated, effects of boat traffic on killer whales. The purpose of my study was to test the relevance-based theodolite tracking of 25 identifiable focal animals from the population of 209 whales. Individual killer

422

Week 8, Thoughts and Ramblings A sea lion scratching itself on a log while I watch in the background. Photo by Joel Davidson.  

E-print Network

Week 8, Thoughts and Ramblings A sea lion scratching itself on a log while I watch just a week after our last visit, it turned out to be a remarkable evening: the sea lions were very of some difficulties arising certainly increases. Sea lions mixing it up on the beach. Photo by Joel

Bardsley, John

423

Teachers work hard to make their classroom a place where kids are actively involved in learning, instead of watching the clock and waiting for the bell to ring.  

E-print Network

, instead of watching the clock and waiting for the bell to ring. They know that engagement is the key to unlocking the magic that lies within each student. With Kinect for Xbox 360 from Microsoft, educators-moving experiences that help students get engaged and stay on task--while keeping instruction fun and rewarding

Chaudhuri, Surajit

424

Programed Instruction for Selected CIC Watch Officer Tasks. 2. Evaluation of the Audio Notebook in the Teaching of the Allied Naval Signal Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research evaluated oral program instruction used with a multitape recorder, the audio notebook, as a means of promoting adaptation to student differences and flexibility in instructional scheduling. Use of the Allied Naval Signal Book required by the CIC (Combat Information Center) watch officer position was programed for the audio notebook in…

Brock, John F.

425

Field trial of asynchronous communication using network-based interactive child watch system for the participation of parents in day-care activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent trend in society is for young parents to ask for support in performing their childcare duties. Against this background and to promote the intermixing of parents and children and support information exchange between parents and nursery teachers, we developed the network-based interactive child-watch system called \\

Hiroaki Kawata; Yosuke Takano; Yoshiyuki Iwata; Naoyoshi Kanamaru; Ken-ichiro Shimokura; Yoshihiro Fujita

2008-01-01

426

Bill: Welcome to the chat everyone! Let's get to watching some Perseids! k923: wow so cool you guys are doing this NASA  

E-print Network

is Connery and my mom is allowing me to stay up to watch the meteor shower. I have one question. Can you see and it was great Rhiannon: That's awesome! DAMNATION666: how can we see this? Rhiannon: Lie on your back, let your PLEASE!! Rhiannon: Look straight up! And let your eyes dark adjust Gapdfh: but sir i have a question , i

Waliser, Duane E.

427

Canadian children's and youth's pedometer-determined steps/day, parent-reported TV watching time, and overweight/obesity: The CANPLAY Surveillance Study  

PubMed Central

Background This study examines associations between pedometer-determined steps/day and parent-reported child's Body Mass Index (BMI) and time typically spent watching television between school and dinner. Methods Young people (aged 5-19 years) were recruited through their parents by random digit dialling and mailed a data collection package. Information on height and weight and time spent watching television between school and dinner on a typical school day was collected from parents. In total, 5949 boys and 5709 girls reported daily steps. BMI was categorized as overweight or obese using Cole's cut points. Participants wore pedometers for 7 days and logged daily steps. The odds of being overweight and obese by steps/day and parent-reported time spent television watching were estimated using logistic regression for complex samples. Results Girls had a lower median steps/day (10682 versus 11059 for boys) and also a narrower variation in steps/day (interquartile range, 4410 versus 5309 for boys). 11% of children aged 5-19 years were classified as obese; 17% of boys and girls were overweight. Both boys and girls watched, on average, < 40 minutes of television between school and dinner on school days. Adjusting for child's age and sex and parental education, the odds of a child being obese decreased by 20% for every extra 3000 steps/day and increased by 21% for every 30 minutes of television watching. There was no association of being overweight with steps/day, however the odds of being overweight increased by 8% for every 30 minutes of additional time spent watching television between school and dinner on a typical school day. Discussion Television viewing is the more prominent factor in terms of predicting overweight, and it contributes to obesity, but steps/day attenuates the association between television viewing and obesity, and therefore can be considered protective against obesity. In addition to replacing opportunities for active alternative behaviours, exposure to television might also impact body weight by promoting excess energy intake. Conclusions In this large nationally representative sample, pedometer-determined steps/day was associated with reduced odds of being obese (but not overweight) whereas each parent-reported hour spent watching television between school and dinner increased the odds of both overweight and obesity. PMID:21702982

2011-01-01

428

The Orbiting Carbon Observatory Mission: Watching the Earth Breathe Mapping CO2 from Space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approach: Collect spatially resolved, high resolution spectroscopic observations of CO2 and O2 absorption in reflected sunlight. Use these data to resolve spatial and temporal variations in the column averaged CO2 dry air mole fraction, X(sub CO2) over the sunlit hemisphere. Employ independent calibration and validation approaches to produce X(sub CO2) estimates with random errors and biases no larger than 1-2 ppm (0.3-0.5%) on regional scales at monthly intervals.

Boain, Ron

2007-01-01

429

Economic Upturns are Good for Your Heart but Watch out for Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between the regional unemployment rate and total and cause-specific mortality in Sweden during 1976-2005. Overall mortality is unrelated to changes in the unemployment rate, while the biggest cause of death (heart disease) decreases during economic upturns. At the same time other accidents, including job-related accidents, increase during economic upturns. Swedish evidence provides no support for

Mikael Svensson

2006-01-01

430

Watch Out! Magnetoencephalographic Evidence for Early Modulation of Attention Orienting by Fearful Gaze Cueing  

PubMed Central

Others’ gaze and emotional facial expression are important cues for the process of attention orienting. Here, we investigated with magnetoencephalography (MEG) whether the combination of averted gaze and fearful expression may elicit a selectively early effect of attention orienting on the brain responses to targets. We used the direction of gaze of centrally presented fearful and happy faces as the spatial attention orienting cue in a Posner-like paradigm where the subjects had to detect a target checkerboard presented at gazed-at (valid trials) or non gazed-at (invalid trials) locations of the screen. We showed that the combination of averted gaze and fearful expression resulted in a very early attention orienting effect in the form of additional parietal activity between 55 and 70 ms for the valid versus invalid targets following fearful gaze cues. No such effect was obtained for the targets following happy gaze cues. This early cue-target validity effect selective of fearful gaze cues involved the left superior parietal region and the left lateral middle occipital region. These findings provide the first evidence for an effect of attention orienting induced by fearful gaze in the time range of C1. In doing so, they demonstrate the selective impact of combined gaze and fearful expression cues in the process of attention orienting. PMID:23209761

Lachat, Fanny; Farroni, Teresa; George, Nathalie

2012-01-01

431

HUBBLE WATCHES THE RED PLANET AS MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR BEGINS AEROBRAKING  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

his NASA Hubble Space Telescope picture of Mars was taken on Sept. 12, one day after the arrival of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft and only five hours before the beginning of autumn in the Martian northern hemisphere. (Mars is tilted on its axis like Earth, so it has similar seasonal changes, including an autumnal equinox when the Sun crosses Mars' equator from the northern to the southern hemisphere). This Hubble picture was taken in support of the MGS mission. Hubble is monitoring the Martian weather conditions during the early phases of MGS aerobraking; in particular, the detection of large dust storms are important inputs into the atmospheric models used by the MGS mission to plan aerobraking operations. Though a dusty haze fills the giant Hellas impact basin south of the dark fin-shaped feature Syrtis Major, the dust appears to be localized within Hellas. Unless the region covered expands significantly, the dust will not be of concern for MGS aerobraking. Other early signs of seasonal transitions on Mars are apparent in the Hubble picture. The northern polar ice cap is blanketed under a polar hood of clouds that typically start forming in late northern summer. As fall progresses, sunlight will dwindle in the north polar region and the seasonal polar cap of frozen carbon dioxide will start condensing onto the surface under these clouds. Hubble observations will continue until October 13, as MGS carefully uses the drag of the Martian atmosphere to circularize its orbit about the Red Planet. After mid-October, Mars will be too close to the Sun, in angular separation, for Hubble to safely view. The image is a composite of three separately filtered colored images taken with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2). Resolution is 35 miles (57 kilometers) per pixel (picture element). The Pathfinder landing site near Ares Valles is about 2200 miles (3600 kilometers) west of the center of this image, so was not visible during this observation. Mars was 158 million miles (255 million kilometers) from Earth at the time. [LEFT] An image of this region of Mars, taken in June 1997, is shown for comparison. The Hellas basin is filled with bright clouds and/or surface frost. More water ice clouds are visible across the planet than in the Sept. image, reflecting the effects of the changing season. Mars appears larger because it was 44 million miles (77 million kilometers) closer to Earth than in the September image. Credit: Phil James (Univ. Toledo) and Steve Lee (Univ. Colorado), and NASA

2002-01-01

432

Hubble Watches the Red Planet as Mars Global Surveyor Begins Aerobraking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

[RIGHT] This NASA Hubble Space Telescope picture of Mars was taken on Sept. 12, one day after the arrival of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft and only five hours before the beginning of autumn in the Martian northern hemisphere. (Mars is tilted on its axis like Earth, so it has similar seasonal changes, including an autumnal equinox when the Sun crosses Mars' equator from the northern to the southern hemisphere).

This Hubble picture was taken in support of the MGS mission. Hubble is monitoring the Martian weather conditions during the early phases of MGS aerobraking; in particular, the detection of large dust storms are important inputs into the atmospheric models used by the MGS mission to plan aerobraking operations.

Though a dusty haze fills the giant Hellas impact basin south of the dark fin-shaped feature Syrtis Major, the dust appears to be localized within Hellas. Unless the region covered expands significantly, the dust will not be of concern for MGS aerobraking.

Other early signs of seasonal transitions on Mars are apparent in the Hubble picture. The northern polar ice cap is blanketed under a polar hood of clouds that typically start forming in late northern summer. As fall progresses, sunlight will dwindle in the north polar region and the seasonal polar cap of frozen carbon dioxide will start condensing onto the surface under these clouds.

Hubble observations will continue until October 13, as MGS carefully uses the drag of the Martian atmosphere to circularize its orbit about the Red Planet. After mid-October, Mars will be too close to the Sun, in angular separation, for Hubble to safely view.

The image is a composite of three separately filtered colored images taken with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2). Resolution is 35 miles (57 kilometers) per pixel (picture element). The Pathfinder landing site near Ares Valles is about 2200 miles (3600 kilometers) west of the center of this image, so was not visible during this observation. Mars was 158 million miles (255 million kilometers) from Earth at the time.

[LEFT]

An image of this region of Mars, taken in June 1997, is shown for comparison. The Hellas basin is filled with bright clouds and/or surface frost. More water ice clouds are visible across the planet than in the Sept. image, reflecting the effects of the changing season. Mars appears larger because it was 44 million miles (77 million kilometers) closer to Earth than in the September image.

This image and other images and data received from the Hubble Space Telescope are posted on the World Wide Web on the Space Telescope Science Institute home page at URL http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/

1997-01-01

433

Acoustic data analysis and scenario over watch from an aerostat at the NATO SET-153 field experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the NATO SET-153 field experiment was to provide an opportunity to demonstrate multiple sensor technologies in an urban environment and determine integration capabilities for future development. The Army Research Laboratory (ARL) experimental aerostat was used primarily as a persistent over watch capability as a substitute for a UAV. Continuous video was recorded on the aerostat and segments of video were captured of the scenarios on the ground that the camera was following manually. Some of the segments showing scenario activities will be presented. The captured pictures and video frames have telemetry in the headers that provides the UTM time and the Inertial Navigation System (INS) GPS location and the inertial roll, pitch, and yaw as well as the camera gimbal pan and tilt angles. The timing is useful to synchronize the images with the scenario events providing activity ground truth. The INS, GPS, and camera gimbal angle values can be used with the acoustic solution for the location of a sound source to determine the relative accuracy of the solution if the camera is pointed at the sound source. This method will be confirmed by the use of a propane cannon whose GPS location is logged. During the field experiment, other interesting acoustic events such as vehicle convoys, platoon level firefights with vehicles using blanks, and a UAV helicopter were recorded and will be presented in a quick analysis.

Reiff, Christian; Scanlon, Michael

2012-06-01

434

In the here and now: enhanced motor corticospinal excitability in novices when watching live compared to video recorded dance.  

PubMed

Enhanced motor corticospinal excitability (MCE) in passive action observation is thought to signify covert motor resonance with the actions seen. Actions performed by others are an important social stimulus and thus, motor resonance is prevalent during social interaction. However, most studies employ simple/short snippets of recorded movements devoid of any real-life social context, which has recently been criticized for lacking ecological validity. Here, we investigated whether the co-presence of the actor and the spectator has an impact on motor resonance by comparing novices' MCE for the finger (FDI) and the arm (ECR) with single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation when watching five-minute solos of ballet dance, Bharatanatyam (Indian dance) and an acting control condition either live or on video. We found that (1) MCE measured in the arm muscle was significantly enhanced in the live compared to the video condition, (2) differences across performances were only evident in the live condition, and (3) our novices reported enjoying the live presentations significantly more. We suggest that novice spectators' MCE is susceptible to the performers' live presence. PMID:24073734

Jola, Corinne; Grosbras, Marie-Hélène

2013-06-01

435

Development and Utilization of “JAXA Global Rainfall Watch” System based on Combined Microwave and Infrared Radiometers Aboard Satellites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As accuracy of satellite precipitation estimates improves and observation frequency increases, the applicability of those data to a more variety of societal benefits as well as climate studies is expected to enhance. To meet those users' needs that higher temporal resolution is desired with near-real-time availability, we are developing and operating the “JAXA Global Rainfall Watch” system, which produces hourly global rainfall map data in 0.1 degree grid resolution, and disseminates it four hours after observation. The algorithms are based on the achievement of the Global Satellite Mapping for Precipitation (GSMaP) project, which combined observation data from microwave and infrared radiometers aboard multiple satellites. The interests of GSMaP users cover broad fields and world wide. Several activities to apply GSMaP data to some flood warning systems are underway. Validation with Japanese Radar-AMeDAS rainfall analysis data for 2009 shows correlation coefficients higher than 0.5 during rainy season, but lower values around 0.3 or 0.4 during winter season with less rainfall. GSMaP is a proto-type for the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission in 2013, and challenges and possibilities of new application are explored.

Kachi, Misako; Kubota, Takuji; Ushio, Tomoo; Shige, Shoichi; Kida, Satoshi; Aonashi, Kazumasa; Okamoto, Ken'ichi; Oki, Riko

436

C2-C8 hydrocarbon measurement and quality control procedures at the Global Atmosphere Watch Observatory Hohenpeissenberg.  

PubMed

A new automated on-line GC-flame ionization detection system for long-term stationary measurements of atmospheric C2-C8 hydrocarbons in the lower ppt range is described. The system is operated at the Global Atmosphere Watch Observatory Hohenpeissenberg (47 degrees 48'N, 11 degrees 01'E) in rural south Germany. Atmospheric mixing ratios of more than 40 different hydrocarbons can be continuously measured in 80 min time intervals. Corresponding detection limits are below 3 ppt, except for propene, butenes and benzene (about 10 ppt). Detailed quality assurance and quality control protocols are described which are applied to routine operation and data analysis. The various error contributions, overall precision, and accuracy for all measured compounds are discussed in detail. Typical ambient air mixing ratios are in the range of a few ppt to a few ppb, and corresponding measurement accuracies are below 10% or 10 ppt. For less than 20% of the analyzed compounds measurement accuracies are worse, mainly because of insufficient peak separation, blank values or reduced reproducibilities. The present system was tested in international intercomparison experiments (NOMHICE, AMOHA). For most of the C2-C8 hydrocarbons analyzed, our results agreed better than +/- 10% (20% NOMHICE phase 5) or +/- 10 ppt with the corresponding reference values. PMID:12058932

Plass-Dülmer, C; Michl, K; Ruf, R; Berresheim, H

2002-04-12

437

Who Watches (and Shares) What on YouTube? And When? Using Twitter to Understand YouTube Viewership  

E-print Network

We combine user-centric Twitter data with video-centric YouTube data to analyze who watches and shares what on YouTube. Combination of two data sets, with 87k Twitter users, 5.6mln YouTube videos and 15mln video sharing events, allows rich analysis going beyond what could be obtained with either of the two data sets individually. For Twitter, we generate user features relating to activity, interests and demographics. For YouTube, we obtain video features for topic, popularity and polarization. These two feature sets are combined through sharing events for YouTube URLs on Twitter. This combination is done both in a user-, a video- and a sharing-event-centric manner. For the user-centric analysis, we show how Twitter user features correlate both with YouTube features and with sharing-related features. As two examples, we show urban users are quicker to share than rural users and for some notions of "influence" influential users on Twitter share videos with a higher number of views. For the video-centric analysi...

Abisheva, Adiya; Garcia, David; Weber, Ingmar

2013-01-01

438

Watching the Bacteriophage N4 RNA Polymerase Transcription by Time-dependent Soak-trigger-freeze X-ray Crystallography*  

PubMed Central

The challenge for structural biology is to understand atomic-level macromolecular motions during enzymatic reaction. X-ray crystallography can reveal high resolution structures; however, one perceived limitation is that it reveals only static views. Here we use time-dependent soak-trigger-freeze X-ray crystallography, namely, soaking nucleotide and divalent metal into the bacteriophage RNA polymerase (RNAP)-promoter DNA complex crystals to trigger the nucleotidyl transfer reaction and freezing crystals at different time points, to capture real-time intermediates in the pathway of transcription. In each crystal structure, different intensities and shapes of electron density maps corresponding to the nucleotide and metal were revealed at the RNAP active site which allow watching the nucleotide and metal bindings and the phosphodiester bond formation in a time perspective. Our study provides the temporal order of substrate assembly and metal co-factor binding at the active site of enzyme which completes our understanding of the two-metal-ion mechanism and fidelity mechanism in single-subunit RNAPs. The nucleotide-binding metal (MeB) is coordinated at the active site prior to the catalytic metal (MeA). MeA coordination is only temporal, established just before and dissociated immediately after phosphodiester bond formation. We captured these elusive intermediates exploiting the slow enzymatic reaction in crystallo. These results demonstrate that the simple time-dependent soak-trigger-freeze X-ray crystallography offers a direct means for monitoring enzymatic reactions. PMID:23235152

Basu, Ritwika S.; Murakami, Katsuhiko S.

2013-01-01

439

NOAA Regional Collaboration NOAA's Regional  

E-print Network

Bank Monitor Flower Garden Banks Gray's Reef Fagatele Bay Thunder Bay HI Humpback Whale Florida Keys;National Weather Service Regions Western Central Eastern Southern #12;OAR: Sea Grant Regions Pacific Eastern Hawaii and Pacific Islands #12;IOOS Regional Associations Central California Northeast Alaska

440

Misty picture weather-watch and microbarograph project: Experiments 9412-14-18  

SciTech Connect

Special meteorological observations and predictions for MISTY PICTURE are described. Ground zero measurements of winds and temperatures were used to develop predictions for needed light winds during the night for deployment of the helium bag for the precursor experiment. This also entailed correlations with the White Sands network of automated surface observation stations as well as general circulation and upper air reports from the regional synoptic weather observing and reporting network. Pilot balloon observations of upper winds and Tethersonde observations were made during bag deployment to further document local circulation developments. During the test countdown, radiosonde balloon observations of upper air temperatures and winds were made to allow prediction of atmospheric effects on airblast propagation that could break windows to nearly 200 km range from the MISTY PICTURE explosion yield. These data indicated that there would be no strong off-site propagations on shot day, but at shot time the weak convergence zone in the shot area disturbed the wind pattern and generated a northwestward sound duct. Some banded airblast focusing resulted that gave relatively high overpressures just south of the Admin Park, at the Observer's Area, and in San Antonio where a number of windows were claimed broken. Relatively weak blasts, between caustics or foci, were recorded by microbarographs at Admin Park, Stallion, and Socorro. Very weak and barely detectable waves were propagated eastward to Carrizozo where MINOR SCALE had broken windows in 1985, and to the southeast toward Tularosa and Alamogordo. Five microbarograph stations were also operated around the west side of a 200 km radius circle, to document airblast waves ducted and focused by relatively high temperatures and easterly monsoon winds near 50 km altitudes. 15 refs., 39 figs., 16 tabs.

Reed, J.W.; Church, H.W.; Huck, T.W.

1987-01-01

441

Face-to-Face Interaction Compared With Video Watching on Use of Physical Activity in Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Pilot Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have defined the association of physician-patient communication with physical activity levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease. We hypothesized that a face-to-face intervention versus video watching would improve physical activity levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease. The authors conducted a randomized trial involving 2 interventions. The face-to-face intervention included a brief dialogue with patients to understand their

Tracie C. Collins; Patricia N. Krueger; Tony L. Kroll; Barbara F. Sharf

2009-01-01

442

TOPEX/El Nino Watch - El Nino Rhythm, Dec, 10, 1997  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of the Pacific Ocean was produced using sea surface height measurements taken by the U.S.-French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. The image shows sea surface height relative to normal ocean conditions on Dec.10, 1997 and sea surface height is an indicator of the heat content of the ocean. The volume and area of the warm water pool related to El Nino has increased again after reaching a temporary low around Dec. 1. TOPEX/Poseidon has been tracking the fluctuations of the El Nino warm pool since it began early this year. Oceanographers believe the recent increases and decreases in the size of the warm water pool at the equator are part of the natural rhythm of El Nino and that the warm pool is occasionally pumped up by wind bursts blowing from the western and central Pacific Ocean. Each wind burst has triggered a temporary increase in area and volume of the warm pool. These data collected throughout 1997 have provided scientists with their first detailed view of how El Nino's warm pool behaves because the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite measures the changing sea surface height with unprecedented precision. In this image, the white and red areas indicate unusual patterns of heat storage; in the white areas, the sea surface is between 14 and 32 centimeters (6 to 13 inches) above normal; in the red areas, it's about 10 centimeters (4 inches) above normal. The green areas indicate normal conditions, while purple (the western Pacific) means at least 18 centimeters (7 inches) below normal sea level.

The El Nino phenomenon is thought to be triggered when the steady westward blowing trade winds weaken and even reverse direction. This change in the winds allows a large mass of warm water (the red and white area) that is normally located near Australia to move eastward along the equator until it reaches the coast of South America. The displacement of so much warm water affects evaporation, where rain clouds form and, consequently, alters the typical atmospheric jet stream patterns around the world. Using these global data, limited regional measurements from buoys and ships, and a forecasting model of the ocean-atmosphere system, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, (NOAA), has issued an advisory indicating the presence of a strong El Nino condition throughout the winter.

For more information, please visit the TOPEX/Poseidon project web page at http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov

1997-01-01

443

TOPEX/El Nino Watch - Warm Water Pool is Increasing, Nov. 10, 1997  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of the Pacific Ocean was produced using sea surface height measurements taken by the U.S./French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. The image shows sea surface height relative to normal ocean conditions on Nov. 10, 1997. The volume of extra warm surface water (shown in white) in the core of the El Nino continues to increase, especially in the area between 15 degrees south latitude and 15 degrees north latitude in the eastern Pacific Ocean. The area of low sea level (shown in purple) has decreased somewhat from late October. The white and red areas indicate unusual patterns of heat storage; in the white areas, the sea surface is between 14 centimeters and 32 cm (6 inches to 13 inches) above normal; in the red areas, it is about 10 centimeters (4 inches) above normal. The surface area covered by the warm water mass is about one-and-one-half times the size of the continental United States. The added amount of oceanic warm water near the Americas, with a temperature between 21 to 30 degrees Celsius (70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit), is about 30 times the volume of water in all the U.S. Great Lakes combined. The green areas indicate normal conditions, while purple (the western Pacific) means at least 18 centimeters (7 inches) below normal sea level.

The El Nino phenomenon is thought to be triggered when the steady westward blowing trade winds weaken and even reverse direction. This change in the winds allows a large mass of warm water (the red and white areas) that is normally located near Australia to move eastward along the equator until it reaches the coast of South America. The displacement of so much warm water affects evaporation, where rain clouds form and, consequently, alters the typical atmospheric jet stream patterns around the world. Using these global data, limited regional measurements from buoys and ships, and a forecasting model of the ocean-atmospheric system, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has issued an advisory indicating the presence of a strong El Nino condition throughout the winter.

For more information, please visit the TOPEX/Poseidon project web page at http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/

1997-01-01

444

TOPEX/El Nino Watch - Little Change in Pacific, August 13, 1998  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of the Pacific Ocean was produced using sea-surface height measurements taken by the U.S.-French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. The image shows sea surface height relative to normal ocean conditions on August 13, 1998; sea surface height is an indicator of the heat content of the ocean. The purple area in the center of the image is a pool of cold water that the satellite measures as a region of lower than normal sea level. This image shows that the rapid cooling of the central tropical Pacific has stalled and this area of low sea level has stayed in about the same place for the last two months. The purple areas are about 18 centimeters (7 inches) below normal, creating a deficit in the heat supply to the surface waters. It is not certain yet, if this current cooling trend (shown in purple) will eventually evolve into a long-lasting La Nina situation. Remnants of the El Nino warm water pool, shown here in red and white, are still lingering to the north and south of the equator. The effects of El Nino can remain in the climate system for a long time and could still impact weather conditions around the world. The satellite's sea-surface height measurements have provided scientists with a detailed view of the 1997-98 El Nino because the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite measures the changing sea-surface height with unprecedented precision. In this image, the white areas show the sea surface is between 14 and 32 centimeters (6 to 13 inches) above normal; in the red areas, it's about 10 centimeters (4 inches) above normal. The green areas indicate normal conditions. The purple areas are 14 to 18 centimeters (6 to 7 inches) below normal and the blue areas are 5 to 13 centimeters (2 to 5 inches) below normal. The El Nino phenomenon is thought to be triggered when the steady westward blowing trade winds weaken and even reverse direction. This change in the winds allows a large mass of warm water (the red and white area) that is normally located near Australia to move eastward along the equator until it reaches the coast of South America. The displacement of so much warm water affects evaporation, where rain clouds form and, consequently, alters the typical atmospheric jet stream patterns around the world. A La Nina situation is essentially the opposite of an El Nino condition, where the trade winds are stronger than normal and the cold water that normally exists along the coast of South America extends to the central equatorial Pacific. A La Nina situation also changes global weather patterns, and is associated with less moisture in the air resulting in less rain along the coasts of North and South America. TOPEX/ Poseidon will be able to track a potentially developing La Nina with the same accuracy.

For more information, please visit the TOPEX/Poseidon project web page at http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov

1998-01-01

445

TOPEX/El Nino Watch - La Nina Hangs On, February 27, 1999  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The cold pool of water in the Pacific known as 'La Nina' still persists, although it is slowly weakening, according to scientists studying new data from the U.S.-French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. A new image, produced using sea-surface height measurements taken by the satellite, is available on the Internet at http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/elnino/. It shows sea-surface height on February 27, 1999 relative to normal ocean conditions, reflecting the heat content of the ocean.

The low sea level or cold pool of water along the equator (shown in purple and blue), commonly referred to as La Nina, still dominates the equatorial Pacific Ocean. This La Nina, which first appeared in May through June 1998, still persists, although it is slowly weakening, scientists say. Given its persistence and present strength, the ocean cooling trend is expected to continue to exert a strong influence on global climate systems throughout the spring and into the early summer. This situation is similar to the 1997-1998 El Nino, which extended into early summer 1998. The world's oceans are the great reservoirs of heat that influence global climate because they can cool or heat the atmosphere above. This transfer of heat drives weather patterns across both land and sea. La Nina provides a physical link connecting the large, slow changes in the ocean with predictable changes in day-to-day weather.

'La Nina shifts the high-altitude weather highway known as the jet stream,' said Dr. William Patzert, an oceanographer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 'It funnels storm tracks to the Pacific Northwest, which has resulted in heavy rainfall and lots of snow in that region so far, as well as the upper Midwest. Much of the Southwest, by contrast, has been shielded from stormy weather and, as a result, has received significantly less precipitation than normal to date. This year's La Nina was average in its intensity, but at its peak, it was associated with a 15 to 20-centimeter deep trough (6 to 8 inches) in the central tropical Pacific,' Patzert said. 'The depression was correlated with a 2 to 3-degree Centigrade (about 3.5 to 5.5 degrees Fahrenheit) dip in normal ocean surface temperatures.'

The image also shows that the very large, unusual area of higher or warmer water (shown here in red and white) in the western Pacific Ocean, from the tropics to the Gulf of Alaska, continues to expand. Although the appearance of this feature is not fully understood, it is recognized as influential to overall weather and climate. The white areas in the image indicate that the sea-surface height is between 14 and 32 centimeters (6 to 13 inches) above normal; in the red areas, sea-surface height is about 10 centimeters (4 inches) above normal. The green areas indicate normal conditions. The purple areas are between 14 to 18 centimeters (6 to 7 inches) below normal, and the blue areas are between 5 to 13 centimeters (2 to 5 inches) below normal.

The TOPEX/Poseidon mission is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.

1999-01-01

446

TOPEX/El Nino Watch - El Nino Warm Water Pool Decreasing, Jan, 08, 1998  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of the Pacific Ocean was produced using sea surface height measurements taken by the U.S.-French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. The image shows sea surface height relative to normal ocean conditions on Jan. 8, 1998, and sea surface height is an indicator of the heat content of the ocean. The volume of the warm water pool related to the El Nino has decreased by about 40 percent since its maximum in early November, but the area of the warm water pool is still about one and a half times the size of the continental United States. The volume measurements are computed as the sum of all the sea surface height changes as compared to normal ocean conditions. In addition, the maximum water temperature in the eastern tropical Pacific, as measured by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is still higher than normal. Until these high temperatures diminish, the El Nino warm water pool still has great potential to disrupt global weather because the high water temperatures directly influence the atmosphere. Oceanographers believe the recent decrease in the size of the warm water pool is a normal part of El Nino's natural rhythm. TOPEX/Poseidon has been tracking these fluctuations of the El Nino warm pool since it began in early 1997. These sea surface height measurements have provided scientists with their first detailed view of how El Nino's warm pool behaves because the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite measures the changing sea surface height with unprecedented precision. In this image, the white and red areas indicate unusual patterns of heat storage; in the white areas, the sea surface is between 14 and 32 centimeters (6 to 13 inches) above normal; in the red areas, it's about 10 centimeters (4 inches) above normal. The green areas indicate normal conditions, while purple (the western Pacific) means at least 18 centimeters (7 inches) below normal sea level.

The El Nino phenomenon is thought to be triggered when the steady westward blowing trade winds weaken and even reverse direction. This change in the winds allows a large mass of warm water (the red and white area) that is normally located near Australia to move eastward along the equator until it reaches the coast of South America. The displacement of so much warm water affects evaporation, where rain clouds form and, consequently, alters the typical atmospheric jet stream patterns around the world. Using these global data, limited regional measurements from buoys and ships, and a forecasting model of the ocean-atmosphere system, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, (NOAA), has issued an advisory indicating the presence of a strong El Nino condition throughout the winter.

For more information, please visit the TOPEX/Poseidon project web page at http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov

1998-01-01

447

Associations between eating meals, watching TV while eating meals and weight status among children, ages 10-12 years in eight European countries: the ENERGY cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background To assess the association of eating meals, and never watching TV while eating meals, with weight status among children, ages 10–12 years across Europe. Methods 7915 children (mean age: 11.5 years) in eight European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Switzerland) completed a questionnaire at school. Data on meals eaten the day before questionnaire administration and the frequency of eating meals while watching TV were collected. Height and weight of the children were objectively assessed. Multinomial and binary regression analyses were conducted to test associations of eating meals (adjusted for gender and ethnicity) and never watching TV while eating meals (adjusted for gender, ethnicity and total TV time) with overweight/obesity, and to test for country- and socio-demographic differences. Results The proportions of children reporting eating breakfast, lunch and dinner were 85%, 96%, and 93% respectively, and 55%, 46% and 32% reported to never watch TV at breakfast, lunch and dinner respectively. The children who ate breakfast (OR?=?0.6 (95% CI 0.5-0.7)) and dinner (OR?=?0.4 (95% CI 0.3-0.5)), had lower odds of being overweight compared to those who did not. The children who never watched TV at lunch (OR?=?0.7 (95% CI 0.7-0.8)) and dinner (OR?=?0.8 (95% CI 0.7-0.9)) had lower odds of being overweight compared to those who watched TV at the respective meals. Conclusions The odds of being overweight was lower for children who ate breakfast and dinner compared to those who did not eat the respective meals. The odds of being overweight was lower for children who reported to never watch TV at lunch and dinner compared to those who did. A focus towards meal frequency and watching TV during meals in longitudinal and interventions studies in prevention of overweight and obesity, may contribute to a better understanding of causality. PMID:23675988

2013-01-01

448

Sun Safety Is Made in the Shade Watch the clock. Avoid the sun as much as possible between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m.  

E-print Network

Sun Safety Is Made in the Shade Watch the clock. Avoid the sun as much as possible between 10:00 a.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating Sun Safety Is Made in the Shade Watch the clock. Avoid the sun as much as possible between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Use sunblock

449

International affairs professionals know the importance of keeping up on key developments across the planet, not just in their own region of interest or subfield. To that end, the 2014 summer reading list  

E-print Network

the planet, not just in their own region of interest or subfield. To that end, the 2014 summer reading list and Sheryl Sandberg's Lean In both fall into this category. ! ! Summer Reading helps jump start yourPad or Kindle can help make reading easier. Whether you are bound for the Championships at Wimbledon, watching

MacAdam, Keith

450

Relationship of parasites and pathologies to contaminant body burden in sentinel bivalves: NOAA Status and Trends 'Mussel Watch' Program.  

PubMed

The 1995-1998 database from NOAA's National Status and Trends 'Mussel Watch' Program was used to compare the distributional patterns of parasites and pathologies with contaminant body burdens. Principal components analysis (PCA) resolved five groups of contaminants in both mussels and oysters: one dominated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), one dominated by pesticides, and three dominated by metals. Metals produced a much more complex picture of spatial trends in body burden than did either the pesticides or PAHs. Contrasted to the relative simplicity of the contaminant groupings, PCA exposed a suite of parasite/pathology groups with few similarities between the sentinel bivalve taxa. Thus, the relationship between parasites/pathologies and contaminants differs significantly between taxa despite the similarity in contaminant pattern. Moreover, the combined effects of many contaminants and parasites may be important, leading to complex biological-contaminant interactions with synergies both of biological and chemical origin. Overall, correlations between parasites/pathologies and contaminants were more frequent with metals, frequent with pesticides, and less frequent with PAHs in mussels. In oysters, correlations with pesticides and metals were about equally frequent, but correlations with PAHs were still rare. In mytilids, correlations with metals predominated. Negative and positive correlations with metals occurred with about the same frequency in both taxa. The majority of correlations with pesticides were negative in oysters; not so for mytilids. Of the many significant correlations involving parasites, few involved single-celled eukaryotes or prokaryotes. The vast majority involved multi-cellular eukaryotes and nearly all of them either cestodes, trematode sporocysts, or trematode metacercariae. The few correlations for single-celled parasites all involved proliferating protozoa or protozoa reaching high body burdens through transmission. The tendency for the larger or more numerous parasites to be involved suggests that unequal sequestration of contaminates between host and parasite tissue is a potential mediator. An alternative is that contaminants differentially affect parasites and their hosts by varying host susceptibility or parasite survival. PMID:17976716

Kim, Yungkul; Powell, Eric N; Wade, Terry L; Presley, Bobby J

2008-03-01

451

Lessons from a 5 yr citizen-science monitoring program, Mountain Watch, to engage hikers in air quality/visibility and plant phenology monitoring in the mountains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AMC’s citizen scientist monitoring program, Mountain Watch, engages hikers in observational monitoring while recreating in the northern Appalachian Mountains. The program uses two monitoring activities:1) tracking the phenology of 11 mountain flowers species, and 2) the visitors real world perception of on-mountain visibility and its ‘quality’ with proximate monitored air quality parameters. The Mountain Watch program objectives are a) to engage and educate the public through hands-on monitoring, b) to motivate the participant to take further action towards environmental stewardship, and c) to provide supplemental data to AMC’s ongoing science-based research to further our understanding of the impact of human activity on mountain ecosystems. The Mountain Watch plant monitoring includes recording the time and location of alpine and forest plants flowering and other phenological phases using AMC field guides and datasheets. In the White Mountains of New Hampshire concurrent meteorological data, including soil temperature, is paired with the phenology observations as part of AMC’s research to develop spatial and temporal phenology models with air and soil temperature for northeastern mountains. Mountain Watch’s visibility monitoring program has hikers record visual range and rate the view at select vistas in comparison to a clear day view photo guide when visiting AMC’s backcountry huts. The results are compared to proximate air quality measurements, which assists in determining how White Mountain National Forest air quality related values and natural resources management objectives are being met. Since 2006 the Mountain Watch program has received over 3,500 citizen datasheets for plant reproductive phenology and visibility monitoring. We estimate that we have reached more than 15,000 hikers through our facility based education programming focused on air quality and phenology and field monitoring hikes. While we consider this good success in engaging hikers to date, the ratio of resource expenditures in recruiting volunteers and QA/QCing their data for actual research application has been high. Mountain Watch staff are now refining the program to achieve education and research goals a manner that is sustainable into the future with limited fiscal and staff resources. The quality of our citizen phenology observations, in comparison to staff monitoring, has lead to refinements including directing general audience hikers to well-defined trailside observation stations, growing our more skilled amateur botanist volunteer base, and use of remote cameras for quality controls and better temporal coverage. Visibility monitoring at four mountain vistas has recently been analyzed in the context of policy applications. Refinements will be presented that will further inform natural resource management of air quality in relation to Clean Air Act Air Quality Related Values and a potential visibility focused particulate matter secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standard. Overall lessons learned, regarding audience considerations, resource needs, and long-term sustainability, from our 5-year field based geoscience programs will be discussed.

Murray, G.; Weihrauch, D.; Kimball, K.; McDonough, C.

2010-12-01

452

2007 Leaders to Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Those who have contributed to the technology education field for many years are known for their teaching, written work, presentations, research, and recognition received from professional groups. This article highlights six selected individuals who have shown outstanding leadership ability as educators early in their careers. They are: (1) Jeff…

Technology Teacher, 2007

2007-01-01

453

Watching nuclei move  

PubMed Central

Moving nuclei to specific intracellular locations is central to many cell and developmental processes. However, the molecular mechanisms of nuclear migration are poorly understood. We took advantage of the ability to film nuclear migration events in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos to gain insights into the mechanisms of nuclear migration. Mutations in unc-83 blocked the initiation of nuclear migration. UNC-83 recruits kinesin-1 and dynein to the nuclear envelope. Live imaging of mutants showed that kinein-1 provides the major force to move nuclei. Dynein is responsible to move nuclei backwards or to mediate nuclear rolling to by pass cellular roadblocks that impede efficient migration. Live imaging was also used to analyze the microtubule network, which is highly polarized and dynamic. This detailed mechanism of nuclear migration may be applicable to nuclear migration in other systems and for the movement of other large cellular cargo. PMID:21866255

2011-01-01

454

Caution! Children Watching Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the negative and positive aspects of television viewing. Some harmful effects include less reading and increased passivity. The correct use of television must first be taught to teachers and parents, which in turn is relayed to the student. (Author/JR)

Andreeva, E.

1975-01-01

455

Country watch: Cameroon.  

PubMed

Education for Life and Love, a program initiated by Cameroon's Catholic Health Service, seeks to reach young people with educational messages that encourage responsible sexual behavior. Nearly 280,000 students attend Cameroon's 1200 Catholic primary and secondary schools. Sex education is introduced in the third year of primary school (ages 9-10 years) and continues through secondary school; out-of-school Catholic youth are reached through church workshops and youth groups. The sex education curriculum includes communication skills and the promotion of respect between males and females, as well as factual information on adolescent pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Outreach to parents seeks to alleviate their concerns that sex education promotes early sexual activity. Cameroon Catholic youth face ongoing tensions between the media's romanticization of premarital sex and the Church's efforts to encourage self-control and responsible choices. PMID:12291990

Epanya, A; Delude, B R

1996-01-01

456

Country watch. Brazil.  

PubMed

Persons who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or who suffer from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) often have their civil rights violated in Brazil. To remedy this, the Candido Mendes College in Rio de Janeiro introduced a voluntary course, "AIDS - Legal Approaches", into its law curriculum. Incentive was provided by the college's Model Law Office (MLO), where students learn to defend the rights of people in need. Class size is about 25; law professors use recent magazine and newspaper articles, and documentation on lawsuits concerning persons with HIV to teach the class. Course topics include relevant civil law (suits against blood banks), contract law (suits against private health insurance companies which refuse to cover treatment expenses related to HIV or AIDS), family law, inheritance law, labor law (unjust dismissal of persons with HIV), criminal law (intentional transmission of AIDS), violations of basic human rights, and comparative jurisprudence and constitutional law (a comparison of Brazilian law in this area to the laws of other countries). Students, during their field practice periods at the MLO, provide legal assistance to persons with HIV. Approximately 150 cases have been handled, often with positive outcomes, to date. Clients hear about the program via television, radio, and newspapers. Materials and information about lawsuits handled by the MLO are available to other colleges and universities with the hope of stimulating the formation of similar programs elsewhere. PMID:12288109

Turra, M D

1994-01-01

457

Country watch. Zambia.  

PubMed

In Mansa District, Zambia, people are unaware of the risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). To remedy this, the District HIV Prevention and Care Team invited a member of the Positive and Living Squad (PALS), John Luonde, to speak at educational sessions for various target audiences. Goals included providing information, dissipating misinformation, alleviating community fears, and mobilizing people through specific activities that addressed identified needs. The sessions began with the testimony of John Luonde and a simple question and answer period, which were followed by focus groups, often with a video, for more difficult or sensitive topics. Information materials were distributed and a condom demonstration was conducted. Although some institutions initially refused permission because of the holiday season or the possible impact on staff, Luonde returned to cover the missed groups. More than 105 people from 9 sectors of the community participated. Groups that were represented included the Mansa Sports Club, the Mutende Deaf Branch, a factory, the local army and police, and physicians from the Mansa Hospital Board. Questions from the different groups were similar. Participants saw that, although anyone could contract AIDS (the central theme of the project), they could still hope for productive years with proper treatment, self-care, and diet. Most participants wanted to change their sexual behavior and Luonde was asked to return. Women and people with physical disabilities need to be targeted. Although condoms were previously seen as promoting promiscuity, institutions are now requesting their distribution. The team is collaborating with a social marketing organization on condom use promotion. Distribution sites include bars, restaurants, filling stations, supermarkets, and hair dressers. At the request of the community, a meeting was held with the director of the Mansa Hospital Board to develop policy guidelines and to plan sessions on hospital care of persons with HIV and staff attitude toward them. PMID:12288110

Kapyepye, E

1994-01-01

458

Article Watch, April 2012  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Health Sciences University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 279 William St., Athens GA 30607-1777. Phone: 706-369-5945; Fax: 706-369-5936; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive

2012-01-01

459

Watching the Watchmen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligence has come to play an increasingly important role in the shaping of policy and policing action around the world. Democratic Oversight of Intelligence Services reflects upon democratic principles applicable to the intelligence sector and the proper oversight mechanisms to install accountability for organisations that operate under a cloak of secrecy. By its very nature, the collection of intelligence also

Daniel Baldino

2010-01-01

460

The Environment is Watching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is generally assumed that the fundamental laws of physics are those of quantum physics, and that classical physics is only an approximation valid under certain conditions. However, the passage from quantum-to-classical and its conditions of validity are still hotly debated today. We may, for example, ask the following question: in a quantum world, particles exhibit interference phenomena. Why is it that interferences are never observed in a classical world except, of course, with classical waves? Equivalently, why is it that we do not see linear superpositions of macroscopically distinguishable states? A possible answer relies on the concept of decoherence. Although implicit in previous work, this concept was introduced explicitly at the beginning of the 1980s, and after a rather modest start, it has become more and more popular in domains like quantum information (Section 8.4) and quantum measurement (Section 10.3), where it plays a major role. After having explained the concept of decoherence with the help of an elementary example, we shall describe experiments where decoherence is manifest at mesoscopic scales, intermediate between microscopic and macroscopic scales, that is, on the order of a few ?m.

Bellac, Michel Le

2014-11-01

461

Watching bismuth nanowires grow  

SciTech Connect

We report real-time high temperature scanning electron microscopy observations of the growth of bismuth nanowires via the on-film formation of nanowires (OFF-ON) method. These observations provide experimental evidence that thermally induced-stress on a Bi film is the driving force for the growth of Bi nanowires with high aspect ratios, uniform diameter, and high-quality crystallinity. Our results show that immobile grain boundaries in the Bi film are required for the growth of nanowires so that grain broadening resulting in hillock formation can be prevented. This study not only provides an understanding of the underlying mechanism, but also affords a strategy for facilitating nanowire growth by OFF-ON.

Ham, Jinhee; Lee, Wooyoung [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Shim, Wooyoung [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Kim, Do Hyun; Oh, Kyu Hwan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Voorhees, Peter W. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2011-01-24

462

Country watch: Brazil.  

PubMed

Prior to the successful, low-cost, multimedia campaigns of GAPA-Bahia (GAPA-BA), a nongovernmental organization (NGO), campaigns to educate people about HIV, AIDS, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were produced by the Brazilian National AIDS/STD Program. Their first campaign, in 1990, focused on fear; their second, in 1995, known as the Braulio campaign, targeted poor men with little education via a conversation between a man and his penis "which had its own will power, opinions about condoms, and a compulsion to have sex." Both campaigns failed. GAPA-BA, in 1990, joined the chorus protesting the campaigns; the NGO believed the messages failed because 1) frightening people drives them away from information and 2) frequent association of AIDS with death is depressing and carries a subliminal message of guilt to those infected. GAPA-BA became the first NGO to produce low-cost, multimedia campaigns nationwide. They focused on "the social responsibility of fighting the disease while emphasizing the value of life and individual sexual freedom." The first campaign, in 1993 and in 1994, used charismatic singers to send short messages encouraging individual responsibility in condom use. The second campaign, in 1995, used "elements from the local culture by affirming the Afro-Bahain heritage expressed in popular music and dance." The light-hearted prevention message during Carnival was "Don't hide from pleasure, avoid AIDS" as a condom was inflated. The 1996 campaign ("Don't rely on luck; use a condom") required five newspaper ads, radio spots, TV ads, 25,000 posters, billboards, and ads on public buses. Five HIV-infected or HIV-affected persons spoke about their lives. This was the first time people living with HIV/AIDS took on educational roles and shed their dangerous and frightening stereotypes. The campaigns are sponsored by donors or remain low in cost because community-based organizations have sensitized other social actors who respond through the community to the epidemic. Carnival bands, hospitals, and drug industries are now producing campaigns. PMID:12347929

Henriques, H

1996-01-01

463

Article Watch: December 2014  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the Editorial Board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association. PMID:25365791

Slaughter, Clive A.

2014-01-01

464

Article Watch: April 2014  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University/University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA (Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail; cslaught@uga.edu), or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive A.

2014-01-01

465

Yourlittleones watching you.  

E-print Network

-grain muffin How Can You Tell if It's Whole Grain? Some foods are always whole-grain, like: n oatmeal n brown" before the first ingredient on the ingredient list If it's listed there, it's whole grain! Whole-Grains in the Kitchen www.ext.vt.edu #12;Here are a few quick and fun ways to make whole-grain foods part of your child

Liskiewicz, Maciej

466

Watching how composites grow  

SciTech Connect

This article reports on a powerful x-ray analysis technique that has been developed to let researchers see, in three dimensions and microscopic detail, inside a ceramic composite as it is forming. The high-resolution imaging technique, called X-ray tomographic microscopy (XTM), is similar to medical computed tomography (CT) in which physicians take X-ray images of a patient's body from different angles and then reconstruct the data computationally into three-dimensional pictures of organs. The new method appears to have significant application in fields ranging from materials science to medical bone studies of osteoporosis--situations in which investigators need to visualize the microscopic behavior of complex materials.

Ashley, S.

1993-07-01

467

Volcano Watch Satellite Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin's Space Science and Engineering Center displays these satellite images of the world's ten most active volcanoes. Users can view images of the Colima Volcano in Central Mexico or Mount Etna in Sicily, Italy. The latest images are updated every half-hour. Also, a Java animation feature splices together the last four images to show a simulation over a two-hour period.

468

Country watch: Zimbabwe.  

PubMed

In 1991, the Matabeleland AIDS Council (MAC) in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, established a peer education program for industry workers. To date, workers from 45 companies, particularly manufacturing companies, have participated in the program. Program goals include prevention of the spread of HIV and promotion of a supportive response to co-workers known or suspected to have HIV infection or AIDS. MAC first contacts senior management to get company support. It then helps personnel and training management staff develop each company's program. MAC negotiates free time for the 5-day initial training course of peer educators and for the quarterly follow-up meetings. Workers complete questionnaires so MAC can determine training content and materials required. Management and workers choose workers to be trained as informal resource persons. The criteria for the non-paid peer educators are that they be permanent employees, good communicators, literate in English, highly motivated, and persons trusted and respected by their co-workers. The peer educator/worker ratio is 1-2/100. The task of peer educators is dispelling misconceptions and myths and creating on-going discussions about HIV/AIDS both in and outside the workplace. MAC also trains nurses in 16 companies in AIDS counseling and methods of training peer educators. MAC conducted an evaluation of the peer educator program in 1994 in 15 companies. 13 companies either did not have an AIDS policy or did not address AIDS in its general health policy. 91% of workers had received written materials. 74% attended drama or video sessions, 66% received condoms. 30% asked a peer educator personal questions. Between 1992 and 1993, distribution of condoms increased from 25,776 to 49,392. Workers have adopted a positive attitude towards persons with AIDS. Many peer educators have taken up AIDS related-community work. Business leaders acknowledge the benefits of the peer educator program. PMID:12289837

Ncube, L

1995-01-01

469

Country watch. Brazil.  

PubMed

The video No rubber, no way] provides facts on HIV/AIDS and prevention, and talks about problems faced by youths living on the street. It was produced by the Popular Image Creation Center (CECIP) in cooperation with the National Movement of Street Children and the Sao Martinho Foundation. The video is fast-paced and humorous with a young actor posing as a "streetkid reporter" who interviews adults on how they would help street youths as well as street youths themselves. Safer drug injection practices, safety precautions needed in donating blood, how to request HIV tests, and the dilemma of condoms being too large for some young boys are discussed. Animated sequences are used to convey technical data, while moves in a soccer match are compared to sexual intercourse. The video has been used by agencies working with street children, private and public schools, and adults. It is also shown during daily programs in public squares organized by CECIP's community television project in peripheral areas of Rio de Janeiro. CECIP is working on a booklet to accompany the video which will be available in bookstores and newsstands. PMID:12287666

Ceccon, C

1994-01-01

470

MEDIA WATCH CAVEAT LECTOR  

E-print Network

the resources to criticaIly process their claims, and because people have misleading intuitive beliefs about of these technologies to medicine, science, politics, law, and advertising. To judge from the ubiquity of such articles

Weisberg, Deena Skolnick

471

Forensic web watch 4.  

PubMed

Finding dedicated sites on the World Wide Web (WWW) touching upon issues related to the autopsy which could be of use to forensic practitioners is, as with other areas of forensic medicine and science, a time-consuming task. Unfortunately, one has to wade through lists related to 'Alien autopsy' sites and even 'Furby autopsy' sites that are generated by the most commonly used web search engines, which have been featured in earlier web reviews. Numerous sites containing large archives of autopsy photographs are available on the web. However, many of these sites represent the darker side of the WWW as they are often presented purely for titillation. Unfortunately, one can equate these sites to the modern-day version of the Victorian 'freak show'--Typically, these sites ask for your Visa card number to view their contents, and several have links to pornography sites; one even links to a Satanist site. Luckily a few of these sites do now require age confirmation codes. As many of these sites show autopsy photographs from real cases one has to ask how these were obtained and who is placing them on the WWW. This review does not list any of these sites for obvious reasons, but it does draw the reader's attention to sites touching upon issues related to autopsies which forensic practitioners may wish to visit or use. PMID:15274989

Lumb, P; Rutty, G N

2000-06-01

472

Watch Your Step  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To what extent can Earth's natural resources support the growing human population? Mathis Wackernagel and colleagues developed the concept of the "ecological footprint" to quantify the amount of land area required to sustain the lifestyle of a population

Camill, Philip

2002-09-01

473

A Strategy Worth Watching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resources is out, human capital is in. This article describes how a simple departmental name change has propelled the use of data-driven, observation-based systems that recognize teachers as the primary influence on student achievement. Called the new "it" term in K-12, human capital management (HCM) aligns the development of workers…

Weinstock, Jeff

2010-01-01

474

Marketing Trends to Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies 13 cultural trends that libraries can turn into opportunites to reach patrons. These trends include: Twitter, online reputation management, value added content, mobile marketing, and emotional connection.

Circle, Alison

2009-01-01

475

Planet Watch 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem-based learning activity, students are presented with the scenario that they are representatives of an organization that is tasked with evaluating the potential effects of a warming climate on New England forests. Student worksheets, teacher guide, and assessment rubric are included. The resource is part of Forests: A Sticky Situation, from the lesson series The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change.

476

Article Watch, April 2010  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information about articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, MCG-UGA Medical Partnership, 279 William St., Athens, GA 30607-1777, USA. Tel.: (706) 369-5945: Fax: (706) 369-5936; E-mail: cslaughter@mail.mcg.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive

2010-01-01

477

Satellite Weather Watch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an inexpensive (about $1,500) direct-readout ground station for use in secondary school science/mathematics programs. Includes suggested activities including, among others, developing map overlays, operating station equipment, interpreting satellite data, developing weather forecasts, and using microcomputers for data storage, orbit…

Summers, R. Joe

1982-01-01

478

Keeping watch on glucose  

Microsoft Academic Search

New monitors help fight the long-term complications of diabetes. While a great many innovative technologies have been prop