These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Improving Access to Web Content at Google  

E-print Network

1 Improving Access to Web Content at Google Loretta Guarino Reid (LorettaGuarino@google.com) Srinivas Annam (AnnamS@google.com) March 12, 2008 #12;2 Overview Accessibility developments for : · Gmail · Search · Toolbar · Maps & Transit · Books · Video & Captions · Short Topics ­ Calendar, Google Groups

Tomkins, Andrew

2

Web Accessibility Accessibility  

E-print Network

Web Accessibility #12;Accessibility Webaim This is a pre-y prolific site that vary based on the type of web content. StaFc, content managed and dynamic web sites can benefit from our accessibility review service. Rich media

Oklahoma, University of

3

Accessing multimedia content from mobile applications using semantic web technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the ideas and results of an applied research project that aims at leveraging the expressive power of semantic web technologies as a server-side backend for mobile applications that provide access to location and multimedia data and allow for a rich user experience in mobile scenarios, ranging from city and museum guides to multimedia enhancements of any kind of narrative content, including e-book applications. In particular, we will outline a reusable software architecture for both server-side functionality and native mobile platforms that is aimed at significantly decreasing the effort required for developing particular applications of that kind.

Kreutel, Jrn; Gerlach, Andrea; Klekamp, Stefanie; Schulz, Kristin

2014-02-01

4

Combining SADIe and AxsJAX to improve the accessibility of web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of Web 2.0 technologies has allowed once static Web documents to be transformed into online interactive applications. To facilitate the accessibility of this dynamic content, Google have developed the AxsJAX framework that can insert Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) statements into the content dynamically. Such statements allow assistive technologies to interact with dynamic content and make it accessible

Darren Lunn; Simon Harper; Sean Bechhofer

2009-01-01

5

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0: A Further Step towards Accessible Digital Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain the changes in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 compared with WCAG 1.0 within the context of its historical development. Design/methodology/approach: In order to compare WCAG 2.0 with WCAG 1.0 a diachronic analysis of the evolution of these standards is done. Known authors and

Ribera, Mireia; Porras, Merce; Boldu, Marc; Termens, Miquel; Sule, Andreu; Paris, Pilar

2009-01-01

6

Web Content Accessibility of Consumer Health Information Web Sites for People with Disabilities: A Cross Sectional Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The World Wide Web (WWW) has become an increasingly essential resource for health information consumers. The ability to obtain accurate medical information online quickly, conveniently and privately provides health consumers with the opportunity to make informed decisions and participate actively in their personal care. Little is known, however, about whether the content of this online health information is equally accessible to people with disabilities who must rely on special devices or technologies to process online information due to their visual, hearing, mobility, or cognitive limitations. Objective To construct a framework for an automated Web accessibility evaluation; to evaluate the state of accessibility of consumer health information Web sites; and to investigate the possible relationships between accessibility and other features of the Web sites, including function, popularity and importance. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study of the state of accessibility of health information Web sites to people with disabilities. We selected 108 consumer health information Web sites from the directory service of a Web search engine. A measurement framework was constructed to automatically measure the level of Web Accessibility Barriers (WAB) of Web sites following Web accessibility specifications. We investigated whether there was a difference between WAB scores across various functional categories of the Web sites, and also evaluated the correlation between the WAB and Alexa traffic rank and Google Page Rank of the Web sites. Results We found that none of the Web sites we looked at are completely accessible to people with disabilities, i.e., there were no sites that had no violation of Web accessibility rules. However, governmental and educational health information Web sites do exhibit better Web accessibility than the other categories of Web sites (P < 0.001). We also found that the correlation between the WAB score and the popularity of a Web site is statistically significant (r = 0.28, P < 0.05), although there is no correlation between the WAB score and the importance of the Web sites (r = 0.15, P = 0.111). Conclusions Evaluation of health information Web sites shows that no Web site scrupulously abides by Web accessibility specifications, even for entities mandated under relevant laws and regulations. Government and education Web sites show better performance than Web sites among other categories. Accessibility of a Web site may have a positive impact on its popularity in general. However, the Web accessibility of a Web site may not have a significant relationship with its importance on the Web. PMID:15249268

Parmanto, Bambang

2004-01-01

7

Models for User Access Patterns on the Web: Semantic Content versus Access History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on clustering a World Wide Web site (i.e., the 1998 World Cup Soccer site) into groups of documents that are predictive of future user accesses. Two approaches were developed and tested. The first approach uses semantic information inherent in the documents to facilitate the clustering process. User access history is then used

Ross, Arun; Owen, Charles B.; Vailaya, Aditya

8

Secure iPhone Access to Corporate Web Applications Contents  

E-print Network

The way corporations operate around mobile devices is currently shiftingemployees are starting to use their own devices for business purposes, rather than companyowned devices. With no direct control of the endpoints, IT departments have generally had to prohibit this or risk insecure access inside the firewall. But as more mobile devices appear on the corporate network, mobile device management has become a key IT initiative.

unknown authors

9

Web Content Filtering 1 User Guidelines Web content filter guidelines  

E-print Network

Web Content Filtering 1 User Guidelines Web content filter guidelines Introduction The basic criterion for blocking a Web page Categories of material which will be blocked Requesting the unblocking of Aberdeen applies a Web Content Filtering service to all web pages accessed from the undergraduate network

10

SSE Web Access Data  

Description: Obtain Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) data Available for locations, global/regional ... 1983 through June 2005 Details: SSE Web Access Data Screenshot: ... SSE Category: FTP and Web Access for Select Products Screenshot 2: ...

2014-10-01

11

Web Accessibility 2. Guidelines  

E-print Network

by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect". Tim Berners Lee #12;Accessibility Design #12;What is accessibility? · Web accessibility refers to the practice of making Web sites usable by people of all abilities and disabilities. (Wikipedia) #12;Why does it matter? · Disabilities

12

Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards  

E-print Network

Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards Clare M. So, Mark Perry and Stephen M Abstract-- Making information on the Web accessible to all people, including to those having special needs than actual semantic content that is rendered by alternative technologies. To make the Web more

Perry, Mark

13

Downloading Hidden Web Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ever-increasing amount of information on the Web today is available only through search interfaces: the users have to type in a set of keywords in a search form in order to access the pages from certain Web sites. These pages are often referred to as the Hidden Web or the Deep Web. Since there are no static links to

Alexandros Ntoulas; Petros Zerfos; Junghoo Cho

2004-01-01

14

Semantification of Query Interfaces to Improve Access to Deep Web Content  

E-print Network

Abstract. This position paper as part of a PhD thesis is a contribution to an automatic retrieval of information from the Deep Web. Addressing current limitations of the Deep Web Information Retrieval leads to the prevailing lack of semantics regarding the retrieval process. Focusing this problem from the information providing services perspective, indicates the significant potential of additional semantic annotations provided by websites. Web query interfaces, the interfaces to the majority of available information on the Deep Web, are interpreted as Semantic Deep Web Services (SDWS). The introduction of a SDWS annotation leads to great potential for Information Retrieval services based on the large variety of information available on the Deep Web.

Arne Martin Klemenz; Klaus Tochtermann

15

Making the Web Accessible.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some of the hardware and peripherals available to people with varied disabilities as an introduction to the things that Web designers and librarians will need to take into consideration when designing a site and selecting materials. Suggests guidelines for good design and tools for increased accessibility. (AEF)

Rouse, Veronica

1999-01-01

16

Adapting Web Browsers for Accessibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines ways to make World Wide Web browsers accessible for individuals with disabilities, and through them, gain access to the information on the Web. It discusses which browsers can be made more accessible and evaluates different types of input. Mouse access, keyboard access, and voice input are reviewed. Processing aids, such as

Hendrix, Paul; Birkmire, Mike

17

A Dyslexic Perspective on e-Content Accessibility  

E-print Network

an insight into the issues of web accessibility for users with Dyslexia (and/or other specific learning and accessibility issues of electronic educational content. Keywords: dyslexia, SLD, web accessibility, usability...................................................................................................2 2. Explaining Dyslexia

Brajnik, Giorgio

18

Accessible Web Design. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread availability of Web-based information resources, it is difficult for some people who rely on assistive technology to access and process these materials. Web designers can play an active role in facilitating access by formatting resources so that they are compatible with these technologies. This can be accomplished by

Sprague, Carolyn Ann

19

Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards  

E-print Network

on Web accessibility are related to not conforming to current Web standards. Many Web designers design1 Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards Clare M. So, Mark Perry and Stephen M Abstract-- Making information on the Web accessible to all people, including to those having special needs

Watt, Stephen M.

20

From Web Content Mining to Natural Language Processing  

E-print Network

panels, copyright notices, etc. Surface Web and deep Web. Surface Web: pages that can be browsed using a Web browser. Deep Web: databases that can only be accessed through parameterized query interfacesFrom Web Content Mining to Natural Language Processing Bing Liu Department of Computer Science

Illinois at Chicago, University of

21

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WCAG10/ 1 von 16 16.01.2008 16:10  

E-print Network

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WCAG10/ 1 von 16 16.01.2008 16 August 2000 This version: http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WD-WCAG10-20000826 (plain text, PostScript, PDF, gzip tar file of HTML, zip archive of HTML) Latest version: http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT Previous

Szmolyan, Peter

22

NCI Web 508 Accessibility Comment  

Cancer.gov

The Web sites at the National Cancer Institute have been designed to be accessible to all users, compliant with the 508 standards, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users with disabilities may encounter problems accessing some pages.

23

Accessible and Usable Web Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The application of the accessibility and usability principles helps to ensure more accessible and usable Web sites. Acce ssibility and usability are typically addressed separately, but several recent studies have studied the convergence of these topics. This study aims to further explore the relationships between these two concepts through direct observation of both disabled and non-disabled users. A website

Joshua Kaufman

24

Education and training for accessible web design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on the web_access project, funded through the EC Lifelong Learning Programme. The paper aims to provide a context for the proposed study programme and describe current work in the development of the curriculum and content. Design\\/methodology\\/approach Analysis has been undertaken of the state of the art in education and

Jonathan Willson; Jenny Craven; Richard Eskins

2010-01-01

25

Serving Embedded Content via Web Applications: Model, Design and Experimentation  

E-print Network

Serving Embedded Content via Web Applications: Model, Design and Experimentation Simon Duquennoy dedicated terminals. A new trend consists in embedding Web servers in small devices, making both access of embedded Web servers, and we introduce a taxonomy of the contents possi- bly served by Web applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

26

A Framework for Transparently Accessing Deep Web Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of Web sites expose their content via query interfaces, many of them offering the same type of products/services (e.g., flight tickets, car rental/purchasing). They constitute the so-called "Deep Web". Accessing the content on the Deep Web has been a long-standing challenge for the database community. For a user interested in

Dragut, Eduard Constantin

2010-01-01

27

Personalized Access to Web Services in the Semantic Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a Semantic Web browser which enables users to discover, select and personalize Web services in the Semantic Web. We discuss how such a Semantic Web browser can oer domain specific visualization, and investigate solutions for supporting individual users in finding appropriate Web services, in tailoring Web services to their needs, and in accessing and administering their favorite Web

Nicola Henze; Daniel Krause

28

Designing for auditory web access: accessibility and cellphone users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-end mobile phones are becoming generally available throughout the world and the main window onto the Web. A large constituency for Web access is being created whose experience Web designers are not familiar with, particularly because of the central role of auditory, rather than visual access. This is analogous to problems faced by visually impaired users, where again Web designers

Shari Trewin; Rachel K. E. Bellamy; John C. Thomas; Jonathan P. Brezin; John T. Richards; Calvin Swart; Bonnie E. John

2010-01-01

29

Classifying Web content for a corporate digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integration of relevant Web content into corporate digital libraries is expected to be of significant benefit when it is classified into existing classification schemes and made accessible through the library's search and browse tools. The integration of Web content into a digital library, however, raises some concerns with regard to the quality and classification of that content. The accurate

Ian Thurlow

30

Integrating broadcast and web video content into personal tv channels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite, or exactly because of the wealth of video content available on the Web, it is often cumbersome to obtain access to exactly the content you like. It is an active process of filtering and making choices, often requiring searches through long lists of alternatives. Building upon the concept of personal TV channels, we demonstrate how Web video content can

Verus Pronk; Mauro Barbieri; Jan H. M. Korst; Adolf Proidl

2010-01-01

31

Web Content Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across the years, Internet has evolved from an academic network to a truly communication medium, reaching impressive levels of audience and becoming a billionaire business. Many of our working, studying, and entertainment activities are nowadays overwhelmingly limited if we get disconnected from the net of networks. And of course, with the use comes abuse. The World Wide Web features a

Jos Mara Gmez Hidalgo; Enrique Puertas Sanz; Francisco Carrero Garca; Manuel De Buenaga Rodrguez

2009-01-01

32

Web Accessibility Office of Diversity and Inclusion  

E-print Network

Web Accessibility Office of Diversity and Inclusion Applies to: Any website conducting university of the art digital and web based information delivery of information is increasingly central in carrying out constituencies. This policy establishes minimum standards for the accessibility of web based information

Jones, Michelle

33

The Web Changes Everything: Understanding the Dynamics of Web Content  

E-print Network

The Web Changes Everything: Understanding the Dynamics of Web Content Eytan Adar University, USA jelsas@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT The Web is a dynamic, ever changing collection of information. This paper explores changes in Web content by analyzing a crawl of 55,000 Web pages, selected to represent

Bergstrom, Carl T.

34

Web accessibility at Kentucky's academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an update on the implementation of web accessibility guidelines at Kentucky academic library web sites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The academic library home pages of Bachelor-degree granting institutions of Kentucky were tested for accessibility compliance using an online automated program. In addition, a series of manual accessibility tests were performed. Data were

Michael Providenti; Robert Zai III

2007-01-01

35

Access to the Internet and Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently revised, this page from the Blindness Resource Center is an annotated directory of Websites dealing with issues of Internet access for the blind. The categories include accessible Web design, LYNX Web browser use, Net Tamer, access resources, Unix access, Java access, Windows access, and other blindness links. The sites presented are sharply-focused and provide specific information and instructions for the blind and support staff on software designed to improve access, as well as detailed advice to Webmasters on creating sites that are accessible. The Website is sponsored and maintained by the New York Institute for Special Education.

36

Web Content Mining from Hidden Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

World Wide Web is enormous compilation of multi- variant data. For better knowledge management it is important to retrieve accurate and complete data. The hidden Web, also known as the invisible Web or deep Web, has given rise to a new issue of Web mining research. Most documents in the hidden Web, including pages hidden behind search forms, specialized databases,

Muhammad Asif Naeem; Imran Sarwar Bajwa; M Abbas Choudhary

2011-01-01

37

Efficiently serving dynamic data at highly accessed web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present architectures and algorithms for efficiently serving dynamic data at highly accessed Web sites together with the results of an analysis motivating our design and quantifying its performance benefits. This includes algorithms for keeping cached data consistent so that dynamic pages can be cached at the Web server and dynamic content can be served at the performance level of

James R. Challenger; Paul Dantzig; Arun Iyengar; Mark S. Squillante; Li Zhang

2004-01-01

38

Nemesis: Preventing Authentication & Access Control Vulnerabilities in Web Applications  

E-print Network

Nemesis: Preventing Authentication & Access Control Vulnerabilities in Web Applications Michael web applications. Authentication attacks occur when a web application authenticates users unsafely, granting access to web clients that lack the ap- propriate credentials. Access control attacks occur when

Sabatini, David M.

39

An Architectural Approach for Supporting Accessible Hypermedia in Web-Based Learning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for providing learners with Web-based learning content that match their accessibility needs and preferences, as well as providing ways to match learning content to user's devices has been identified as an important issue in accessible educational hypermedia literature. Several initiatives already exist trying to provide accessible Web-based learning environments addressing a broad range of access needs and requirements.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2005-01-01

40

Discovery of improvised explosive device content in the Dark Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvised explosive device related Web content offers a wealth of knowledge to members of the security and intelligence communities. However, acquiring the desired topical information remains a challenge for analysts due to issues including site identification, accessibility, and language. This paper presents a focused crawling approach for the discovery and collection of improvised explosive device content from the dark Web.

Hsinchun Chen; Tianjun Fu

2008-01-01

41

WWW-2005 Tutorial Web Content Mining  

E-print Network

of surface Web and deep Web. Surface Web: pages that can be browsed using a browser. Deep Web: databasesWWW-2005 Tutorial Web Content Mining Bing Liu Department of Computer Science University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) liub@cs.uic.edu http://www.cs.uic.edu/~liub The 14th International World Wide Web Conference

Hu, Wen-Chen

42

Guidelines for an accessible web automation interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the Web has become an ever more sophisticated and irreplaceable tool in our daily lives. While the visual Web has been advancing at a rapid pace, assistive technology has not been able to keep up, increasingly putting visually impaired users at a disadvantage. Web automation has the potential to bridge the accessibility divide between the ways blind

Yury Puzis; Eugene Borodin; Faisal Ahmed; Valentine Melnyk; I. V. Ramakrishnan

2011-01-01

43

An intuitive accessible web automation user interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the Web has become an ever more sophisticated and irreplaceable tool in our daily lives. While the visual Web has advanced at a rapid pace, assistive technology has not been able to keep up, increasingly putting visually impaired users at a disadvantage. Web automation has the potential to bridge the accessibility divide between the ways blind and

Yury Puzis; Yevgen Borodin; Faisal Ahmed; I. V. Ramakrishnan

2012-01-01

44

Semantic Access Control in Web Based Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web based social communities are one of the most widely used applications nowadays. Ubiquitous computing and access capabilities leverage the evolution of highly dynamic social communities. Recently, security and privacy concerns within these communities have increased significantly. This paper addresses these challenges by controlling access to community resources exploiting semantic Web technologies. In this regard, a conceptual community framework and

Najeeb Elahi; Mohammad M. R. Chowdhury; Josef Noll

2008-01-01

45

A Regression Model-Based Approach to Accessing the Deep Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of data sources become available on the Web now, but often their contents are only accessible through query interfaces. For a domain of interest, accessing deep Web content has been a long-standing challenge. In this paper, we propose a deep Web crawling approach based on ordinal regression model. We divide page into 3 levels, and take the

Jing Liu

2011-01-01

46

Turning the Page: New Access Strategies for Historical News Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced in 2009 with the loss of its microfilming program the Minnesota Historical Society has sought to rethink how it will provide access to the rich and popular content found in Minnesota newspapers. Several linked digital projects are emerging to both mitigate the loss and to move historical news content access to Web space, perhaps to the ultimate benefit of

Jane Wong; Dennis Meissner; Noah Skogerboe; Sarah Quimby

2011-01-01

47

Adolescents, the Internet, and health: issues of access and content  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Internet grows in popularity and importance, many have raised concerns over access and content, especially with regard to young people and health information. This paper begins with a brief discussion on Internet access issues. It follows with a section addressing Internet health content and provides a critique of three examples of current Internet health Web sites. Data are

Dina L. G. Borzekowski; Vaughn I. Rickert

2001-01-01

48

Web Mediators for Accessible Browsing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a highly accurate method for classifying web pages based on link percent- age, which is the percentage of text characters that are parts of links normalized by the number of all text characters on a web page. K -means clustering is used to create unique thresholds to differentiate index pages and article pages on individual web sites. Index

Benjamin N. Waber; John J. Magee; Margrit Betke

2006-01-01

49

Web-a-where: geotagging web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe Web-a-Where, a system for associating geography with Web pages. Web-a-Where locates mentions of places and determines the place each name refers to. In addition, it assigns to each page a geographic focus --- a locality that the page discusses as a whole. The tagging process is simple and fast, aimed to be applied to large collections of Web

Einat Amitay; Nadav Har'El; Ron Sivan; Aya Soffer

2004-01-01

50

Parallel Cache Management Protocol for Static and Dynamic Web Contents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies Random Request Distribution and Load Balancing Cache protocol (RLC) and Randomly Selected and Limited Look at neighbor (RSLL) cache algorithm based on Byte Access Frequency Factor (BAFF) for internet services with multimedia and dynamic web content. The RSLL cache algorithm considers reducing response time and achieving good load balance among web servers using limitation of look at

Jaeyong Lim; Sanguthevar Rajasekaran

2002-01-01

51

WAI-ACT: Web Accessibility Now  

E-print Network

The W3C web accessibility standards have now existed for over a decade yet implementation of accessible websites, software, and web technologies is lagging behind this development. This fact is largely due to lack of knowledge and expertise among developers and due to fragmentation of web accessibility approaches. It is an opportune time to develop authoritative practical guidance and harmonized approaches, and to research potential challenges and opportunities in future technologies in a collaborative setting. The EC-funded WAI-ACT project addresses these needs through use of an open cooperation framework that builds on and extends the existing mechanisms of the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). This paper presents the WAI-ACT project and how it will

Shadi Abou-zahra

2012-01-01

52

Open access and the Chemical Semantic Web  

E-print Network

Open Access and the Chemical Semantic Web Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa University of Cambridge and Imperial College ACS, 2005-03-14, San Diego The Semantic Web is becoming a reality Demos "Open Access" and Open Data (avoiding... the complexities) The Blue Obelisk Movement A simple technical and political partial solution All software and data in presentation are Open Power corrupts; Powerpoint corrupts absolutely (Tufte) RDF not PDF; slides in XHTML/SVG P.Murray-Rust, 2005; This work...

Murray-Rust, Peter

2005-04-23

53

Accessing the web: from search to integration  

E-print Network

We have witnessed the rapid growth of the World Wide Web The Web has not only broadened but also deepened: A 1999 survey [1] estimated a total of 800 million pages on the Web at that time. Nowadays, 19.2 billion Web pages as reported by the recent index of Yahoo.com, denoting at least 24 times increase in six years. Further, while this surface Web has linked billions of static HTML pages, an equally or even more significant amount of information is hidden on the deep Web, behind the query forms of searchable databases. A July 2000 survey [2] estimated 96,000 search sites and 550 billion content pages in this deep Web. A more recent study [3] in April 2004 estimated 330,000 deep Web sources with over 1.2 million query forms, reflecting a fast 3-7 times increase in 4 years. With the virtually unlimited amount of unstructured and structured

Kevin Chen-chuan Chang

54

Learning Object Metadata for Learning Content Accessibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessibility metadata for learning content is identified as an interesting topic in educational metadata authoring. In this paper, we address learning content accessibility proposing an accessibility application profile of the IEEE LOM based on IMS Accessibility for LIP recommendations. The result is a metadata model that allows learning content selection according to accessibility requirements of learners, providing the necessary learning

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Sampson

55

Learning Web Accessibility with ASP.NET  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project was based on anecdotal evidence that students often do not make the connection between practical web development and accessibility issues that they have learned in other modules. As part of this project, an e-learning website in which the teaching of accessibility issues is a natural and integral part of instruction of practical ASP.NET programming has been designed, implemented

Mariana Lilley

56

Outlook Web Access (OWA) U kunt Outlook Web Access gebruiken om uw e-mail via het Web te gebruiken. Dit kan vanaf  

E-print Network

Outlook Web Access (OWA) U kunt Outlook Web Access gebruiken om uw e-mail via het Web te gebruiken zoekfunctie. #12;Instellingen wijzigen via Outlook Web Access Via Outlook Web Access kunt u o.a. uw ingelogd klik u op de button OPTIES. De onderstaande functionaliteiten kunt u regelen via Outlook Web

Galis, Frietson

57

Re-designing the Web's Access Control System (Extended Abstract)  

E-print Network

consists of three major components: contents (static and dynamic, such as Javascript code) for the preRe-designing the Web's Access Control System (Extended Abstract) Wenliang Du, Xi Tan, Tongbo Luo re- port shows that over 80 percent of websites have had at least one serious vulnerability

Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

58

Accessing the deep web: when good ideas go bad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevailing wisdom assumes that there are well-defined, effective and efficient methods for accessing Deep Web content. Unfor- tunately, there are a host of technical and non-technical factors that may call this assumption into question. In this paper, we present the findings from work on a software system, which was commissioned by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The system requires stable

Alfredo Alba; Varun Bhagwan; Tyrone Grandison

2008-01-01

59

Uncovering the Deep Web: Transferring Relational Database Content and Metadata to OWL Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizing the publicly available Web content into highly systematized domain ontologies is a necessary step in the evolvement\\u000a of the Semantic Web. A large portion of that content called the deep Web is stored in relational databases and it is not accessible\\u000a to Web search engines. Incorporation of the deep Web data results in domain ontologies richer both in content

Damir Juric; Marko Banek; Zoran Skocir

2008-01-01

60

Web Content Analysis: Expanding the Paradigm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Are established methods of content analysis (CA) adequate to analyze web content, or should new methods be devised to address new technological developments? This article addresses this question by contrasting narrow and broad interpretations of the concept of web content analysis. The utility of a broad interpretation that subsumes the narrow one is then illustrated with reference to research on weblogs (blogs), a popular web format in which features of HTML documents and interactive computer-mediated communication converge. The article concludes by proposing an expanded Web Content Analysis (WebCA) paradigm in which insights from paradigms such as discourse analysis and social network analysis are operationalized and implemented within a general content analytic framework.

Herring, Susan C.

61

Open Problems in Web 2.0 User Content Sharing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Users need useful mechanisms for sharing their Web 2.0 content with each other in a controlled manner across boundaries of content-hosting and service providers (CSPs). In this paper, we discuss open problems and research opportunities in the domain of Web 2.0 content sharing among users. We explore issues in the categories of user needs, current sharing solutions provided by CSPs, and distributed access-control related technologies. For each open problem, we discuss existing and potential solutions, and point out areas for future work.

Sun, San-Tsai; Beznosov, Konstantin

62

Blocking Objectionable Web Content by Leveraging Multiple Information Sources Nitin Agarwal  

E-print Network

or offensive materials such as pornographic websites from reaching children. Ways of accessing websites of central manage- ment of web contents, and the need to prevent people, espe- cially children, from seeing such as porno- graphic ones. Accurate web filters rely on correct recog- nition of inappropriate web contents

Liu, Huan

63

Web Content Analysis: Expanding the Paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Are established methods of content analysis (CA) adequate to analyze web content, or should new methods be devised to address\\u000a new technological developments? This article addresses this question by contrasting narrow and broad interpretations of the\\u000a concept of web content analysis. The utility of a broad interpretation that subsumes the narrow one is then illustrated with\\u000a reference to research on

Susan C. Herring

64

Capability-Based Access Control for Web Browsers Tongbo Luo and Wenliang Du  

E-print Network

that the evolution will slow down in the next decade: with the highly expected arrival of HTML5 and the so each web page. Early days Present (Web 2.0) Future (HTML5, "Web 3.0")Timeline Page Contents Access

Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

65

WebCloud: Recruiting web browsers for content distribution  

E-print Network

We are at the beginning of a shift in how content is created and exchanged over the web. While content was previously created primarily by a small set of entities, today, individual users -- empowered by devices like digital cameras and services like online social networks -- are creating content that represents a significant fraction of Internet traffic. As a result, content today is increasingly generated and exchanged at the edge of the network. Unfortunately, the existing techniques and infrastructure that are still used to serve this content, such as centralized content distribution networks, are ill-suited for these new patterns of content exchange. In this paper, we take a first step towards addressing this situation by introducing WebCloud, a content distribution system for online social networking sites that works by re- purposing web browsers to help serve content. In other words, when a user browses content, WebCloud tries to fetch it from one of that user's friend's browsers, instead of from the s...

Zhou, Fangfei; Franco, Eric; Revis, Richard; Mislove, Alan; Sundaram, Ravi

2011-01-01

66

Web accessibility for people with cognitive disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study investigated individuals with developmental cognitive disabilities (DCD) navigating W3C accessibility-compliant Web sites and the impact of four cognitive determinants: situation awareness, spatial awareness, task-set switching, and anticipated system response. Participants were placed into one of two search conditions and were asked to complete information-finding tasks. The usability evaluation demonstrated that the majority of users with DCD were

Jeon Small; Pamela Schallau; Karen Brown; Richard Appleyard

2005-01-01

67

Enhancing directed content sharing on the web  

E-print Network

To find interesting, personally relevant web content, people rely on friends and colleagues to pass links along as they encounter them. In this paper, we study and augment link-sharing via e-mail, the most popular means ...

Bernstein, Michael S.

68

Layout Guidelines for Web Text and a Web Service to Improve Accessibility for Dyslexics  

E-print Network

service that presents Web texts in a more more accessible way to people with dyslexia. The layout. Keywords Dyslexia, Web accessibility, usability tests, browsing web service, accessibility guidelines texts more accessible to people with dyslexia. The guidelines for developing this service are based

69

Web Archiving: Organizing Web Objects into Web Containers to Optimize Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The web is becoming the preferred medium for communicating and storing information pertaining to almost any human activity. However it is an ephemeral medium whose contents are constantly changing, resulting in a permanent loss of part of our cultural and scientific heritage on a regular basis. Archiving important web contents is a very challenging technical problem due to its tremendous

Sangchul Song

2007-01-01

70

Working with WebQuests: Making the Web Accessible to Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how students with disabilities in regular classes are using the WebQuest lesson format to access the Internet. It explains essential WebQuest principles, creating a draft Web page, and WebQuest components. It offers an example of a WebQuest about salvaging the sunken ships, Titanic and Lusitania. A WebQuest planning form is

Kelly, Rebecca

2000-01-01

71

Web Services Supporting Accessible Seismic Data Interoperability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS DMC is enhancing its outreach to many earth science communities and networks through its growing development of web services, providing easy access to data and transformation services relating to seismic data, instrumentation, and earthquake information from many sources. Interoperability and community adoption are spearheaded through a number of approaches: 1) the use of consistent query patterns across services, 2) data format transformations compatible with ubiquitous software tools and non-domain (non-seismological) science, 3) adoption of community-fostered XML schemas, and 4) access enablement through client tools and libraries, workflow support, and access layers to commonly used analysis packages. The key ingredient to the success of interoperability is not merely through protocols, code, and documentation. IRIS DMC has undertaken the process of community engagement, working in a cooperative fashion with other data centers, software developers, and stakeholder scientists, to ensure that what is constructed has the promise of widespread adoption and cross-institutional data sharing and discovery.

Casey, R.; Ahern, T. K.; Benson, R. B.; Trabant, C.

2011-12-01

72

Stopping Web Plagiarists from Stealing Your Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article gives tips on how to avoid having content stolen by plagiarists. Suggestions include: using a Web search service such as Google to search for unique strings of text at the individuals site to uncover other sites with the same content; buying a infringement-detection program; or hiring a public relations firm to do the work. There are

Goldsborough, Reid

2004-01-01

73

Alexandria Digital Library Project Content Access Characterization  

E-print Network

Alexandria Digital Library Project Content Access Characterization in Digital Libraries Greg Jan�e � James Frew � David Valentine University of California, Santa Barbara #12;Alexandria Digital Library environments e.g., GIS #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project Jan�e, Frew, Valentine � Content Access

Janée, Greg

74

Net Neutrality and Consumer Access to Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Net Neutrality' is a very heated and contested United States policy principle regarding access for content providers to the Internet end-user, and potential discrimination in that access where the end-user's ISP (or another ISP) blocks that access in part or whole. The suggestion is that the problem can be resolved by either introducing greater competition, as for instance in certain

Christopher T Marsden

2007-01-01

75

eCultura, a Semantically-Enriched Web-Based Approach to Manage Cultural Contents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eCultura project aims to provide a complete set of services and applications to access and integrate diverse web-based contents of the cultural domain. Semantic web technologies have enabled sharing information such services, as well as providing interoperability within external applications. The goal is to extend over the web the knowledge base of cultural institutions, building user communities around it

Carlos M. Cornejo; Iv'an Ruiz-Rube; Juan Manuel Dodero

2010-01-01

76

Web Accessibility Policies at Land-Grant Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Web has become an integral part of postsecondary education within the United States. There are specific laws that legally mandate postsecondary institutions to have Web sites that are accessible for students with disabilities (e.g., the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)). Web accessibility policies are a way for universities to provide a

Bradbard, David A.; Peters, Cara; Caneva, Yoana

2010-01-01

77

Accessing Deep Web Using Automatic Query Translation Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information on the surface Web is supported by the deep Web, which can not be accessed directly by the search engines or the Web crawlers. The only way to access the backend database is through query interface. Automatic extracting query attributes from the query form and automatic translating source queries into target queries is a solvable way for addressing

Hao Liang; Wanli Zuo; Fei Ren; Chong Sun

2008-01-01

78

Provides easier access to the Web for more users. IBM Easy Web Browsing  

E-print Network

Web Browsing, visit the IBM Human Ability and Accessibility Center at ibm.com/able © Copyright IBM Corporation 2007 IBM Corporation IBM Human Ability and Accessibility Center 11400 Burnet Road Austin, TX 78758Provides easier access to the Web for more users. IBM Easy Web Browsing Highlights

79

Automatic Web Rating: Filtering Obscene Content on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a method to detect automatically pornographic\\u000a content on the Web. Our method combines techniques from\\u000a language engineering and image analysis within a\\u000a machine-learning framework. Experimental results show that\\u000a it achieves nearly perfect performance on a set of hard\\u000a cases.

Konstantinos V. Chandrinos; Ion Androutsopoulos; Georgios Paliouras; Constantine D. Spyropoulos

2000-01-01

80

Web Service Access Management for Integration with Agent Systems  

E-print Network

Web Service Access Management for Integration with Agent Systems B.J. Overeinder, P.D. Verkaik, from the perspective of agent systems (and not as is gen- erally the case by web service providers). Mediating between web service requests from (virtual) organizations of agents, the web ser- vice gateway

81

Automatic Monitoring of Web Accessibility: the Validity Issues  

E-print Network

introduce factors that can invalidate or reduce the quality of the results: (i) spidering web sites; (ii perception of web quality factors increase and correspondingly does the role of accessibility. There are many of different web sites; they include (i) to rank tested web sites with respect to some quality factor related

Brajnik, Giorgio

82

Predicting web actions from HTML content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most proposed Web prefetching techniques make predictions based on the historical references to requested objects. In contrast, this paper examines the accuracy of predicting a user's next action based on analysis of the content of the pages requested recently by the user. Predictions are made using the similarity of a model of the user's interest to the text in and

Brian D. Davison

2002-01-01

83

Algorithms for Supporting Disconnected Write Operations for Wireless Web Access  

E-print Network

itself from the Web server to save its battery life and avoid high communication prices. To allow Web from the server to save its battery life and avoid high communication prices in wireless networks formats [12] based on the MH's specification or the past Web access history. During disconnection, the MH

Chen, Ing-Ray

84

Web accessibility at academic libraries: standards, legislation, and enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to clarify the standards, guidelines, and laws which affect web accessibility for academic library web sites in the USA as well as an explanation of the mechanism by which accessibility is enforced. Design\\/methodology\\/approach Along with the current W3C standards, the current Federal codes and regulations were examined, and in the case

Michael Providenti; Robert Zai III

2007-01-01

85

Oracle WebCenter Content Overview Heiner Schwarte  

E-print Network

Collaboration Application Context Activity Streams Sites Web Experience Management Brand Presence SiteCenter Content Complete, Open & Integrated #12;13 ECM Directly from Web Sites & Custom Web Apps Web Content: · Logos/Branding, Corporate Images/ Illustrations, Flash · Manages all file types: · EPS, JPEG, TIFF, BMP

Andrzejak, Artur

86

Downloading Hidden Web Content Alexandros Ntoulas Petros Zerfos Junghoo Cho  

E-print Network

or the Deep Web. Since there are no static links to the Hidden Web pages, search engines cannot discover, or queries, to the forms. These pages are often referred to as the Hidden Web [17] or the Deep Web [7Downloading Hidden Web Content Alexandros Ntoulas Petros Zerfos Junghoo Cho UCLA Computer Science

Cho, Junghoo "John"

87

Video quality assessment for web content mirroring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the increasing user expectation on watching experience, moving web high quality video streaming content from the small screen in mobile devices to the larger TV screen has become popular. It is crucial to develop video quality metrics to measure the quality change for various devices or network conditions. In this paper, we propose an automated scoring system to quantify user satisfaction. We compare the quality of local videos with the videos transmitted to a TV. Four video quality metrics, namely Image Quality, Rendering Quality, Freeze Time Ratio and Rate of Freeze Events are used to measure video quality change during web content mirroring. To measure image quality and rendering quality, we compare the matched frames between the source video and the destination video using barcode tools. Freeze time ratio and rate of freeze events are measured after extracting video timestamps. Several user studies are conducted to evaluate the impact of each objective video quality metric on the subjective user watching experience.

He, Ye; Fei, Kevin; Fernandez, Gustavo A.; Delp, Edward J.

2014-03-01

88

Fast Browsing of Archived Web Contents Sangchul Song  

E-print Network

and deep contents, web contents involve a wide variety of objects such as html pages, documents, multimediaFast Browsing of Archived Web Contents Sangchul Song Department of Electrical and Computer The web is becoming the preferred medium for communicating and storing information pertaining to almost

JaJa, Joseph F.

89

Web Data Accessing and the Web Searching Process S. Petridou G. Pallis A. Vakali G. Papadimitriou A. Pomportsis  

E-print Network

Web Data Accessing and the Web Searching Process S. Petridou G. Pallis A. Vakali G. Papadimitriou A apompo@csd.auth.gr Abstract The enormous growth in the number of documents circulated over the Web increases the need for improved Web data management systems. Web data accessing and Web searching

Pallis, George

90

Dynamics of information access on the web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While current studies on complex networks focus on systems that change relatively slowly in time, the structure of the most visited regions of the web is altered at the time scale from hours to days. Here we investigate the dynamics of visitation of a major news portal, representing the prototype for such a rapidly evolving network. The nodes of the network can be classified into stable nodes, which form the time-independent skeleton of the portal, and news documents. The visitations of the two node classes are markedly different, the skeleton acquiring visits at a constant rate, while a news documents visitation peaks after a few hours. We find that the visitation pattern of a news document decays as a power law, in contrast with the exponential prediction provided by simple models of site visitation. This is rooted in the inhomogeneous nature of the browsing pattern characterizing individual users: the time interval between consecutive visits by the same user to the site follows a power-law distribution, in contrast to the exponential expected for Poisson processes. We show that the exponent characterizing the individual users browsing patterns determines the power-law decay in a documents visitation. Finally, our results document the fleeting quality of news and events: while fifteen minutes of fame is still an exaggeration in the online media, we find that access to most news items significantly decays after 36hours of posting.

Dezs, Z.; Almaas, E.; Lukcs, A.; Rcz, B.; Szakadt, I.; Barabsi, A.-L.

2006-06-01

91

Downloading textual hidden web content through keyword queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ever-increasing amount of information on the Web today is available only through search interfaces: the users have to type in a set of keywords in a search form in order to access the pages from certain Web sites. These pages are often referred to as the Hidden Web or the Deep Web. Since there are no static links to

Alexandros Ntoulas; Petros Zerfos; Junghoo Cho

2005-01-01

92

SmartWeb: Mobile Access to the Semantic Web 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the SmartWeb Demonstrator for multimodal and mobile querying of semantic resources and the open WWW. The end-user interface consists of a Pocket Data Assistant which accepts written or spoken questions as input and delivers answers based on a multitude of resources including a semantic knowledge base, semantically annotated online web services, and semi-automatically created knowledge from text-based web

A. Ankolekar; P. Buitelaar; P. Cimiano; P. Hitzler; M. Kiesel; M. Krtzsch; H. Lewen; G. Neumann; M. Sintek; T. Tserendorj; R. Studer

2008-01-01

93

A Socio-Technical Analysis of Web Content Management: "Content is King."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how ongoing content management needs and tasks affect organizations that maintain Web-based information systems (Web IS). Investigates how organizational context shapes content management practice and configuration of the underlying Web IS technology. Presents a model of the socio-technical context of Web IS content management. (AEF)

Eschenfelder, Kristin

2001-01-01

94

Messages in the Medium: An Experimental Investigation of Web Advertising Effectiveness and Attitudes toward Web Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is much practical interest in Web advertising as a component of marketing on the Internet, there is little theory or evidence about how it works in the context of Web content. This paper reports a laboratory experiment that examines the impact of advertising format (less or more intrusive), medium (print or Web) and Web content structure (linear or

Jeffrey Parsons; Katherine Gallagher; K. Dale Foster

2000-01-01

95

Intelligent Semantic Access to Audiovisual Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, an integrated information system is presented that offers enhanced search and retrieval capabilities to users of heterogeneous digital audiovisual (a\\/v) archives. This novel system exploits the advances in handling a\\/v content and related metadata, as introduced by MPEG-4 and worked out by MPEG-7, to offer advanced access services characterized by the tri-fold \\

Yannis S. Avrithis; Giorgos B. Stamou; Anastasios Delopoulos; Stefanos D. Kollias

2002-01-01

96

Screening Capsicum Accessions for Capsaicinoids Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ninety Capsicum accessions selected from the USDA Capsicum germplasm collection were screened for their capsaicinoids content using gas hromatography with nitrogen phosphorus detection (GC\\/NPD). Fresh fruits of Capsicum chinense, C. frutescens, C. baccatum, C. annuum, and C. pubescens were extracted with methanol and analyzed for capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin, and nordihydrocapsaicin. Mass spectrometry of the fruit crude extracts indicated that the molecular

GEORGE F. ANTONIOUS; ROBERT L. JARRET

2006-01-01

97

Accessing the Deep Web Using Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ontologies act like a bridge between user expressions and raw data. Hence, they can play an important role in assisting the users in their search for Web pages. Different users use different queries according to their knowledge and intuition to find the results. The numbers of relevant Web pages returned to users differ depending on the terms entered into the

Anuradha; A. K. Sharma

2010-01-01

98

LIVE ACCESS SERVER: A TOOL FOR WEB ACCESS TO IN SITU DATA COLLECTIONS, TOO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Live Access Server (LAS) has become a popular system with which to provide Web access to gridded data sets. With a simple web browser interface LAS users can i) specify the location, time and variable of interest , ii) request visualizations along principle axes and planes, and iii) download subsets in a choice of formats. With a few more

Steve Hankin; Joseph Sirott; Jonathan Callahan; Kevin O'Brien; Ansley Manke

99

NCI DTP - Discovery Services - Web-Accessible Data and Tools  

Cancer.gov

Discovery Services Home Discovery Development Pathways Grants/Contracts Books/Publications Site Search Data Search What's New Web-Accessible Data and Tools Downloadable Data Molecular Targets Data Search by chemical names, NSC numbers, structures, etc. COMPARE

100

Medical Portals: Web-based Access to Medical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public portals, such as Web search engines, have been available for a number of years and corporate portals that facilitate access to enterprise information within a company, normally through the Web, have been available for the last few years. Such portals are made up of \\

Michael A. Shepherd; David Zitner; Carolyn R. Watters

2000-01-01

101

The World Wide Web of Science: Reconfiguring Access to Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents preliminary results from a new study of how the Internet and the Web might reconfigure access to scientific information. The study combines qualitative and quantitative methods - in-depth interviews and webmetric analysis - to explore how the Internet and Web are reinforcing the role of existing sources of information, or tending to either 'democratize' or centralize patterns

Ralph Schroeder; Alexandre Caldas; Gustavo Mesch

102

A Web-Based Remote Access Laboratory Using SCADA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet provides an opportunity for students to access laboratories from outside the campus. This paper presents a Web-based remote access real-time laboratory using SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) control. The control of an induction motor is used as an example to demonstrate the effectiveness of this remote laboratory,

Aydogmus, Z.; Aydogmus, O.

2009-01-01

103

Using the Web To Access Online Education Periodicals. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest is designed to aid those wishing to learn more about how to use information technology to access electronic education resources. Starting points for locating magazines and journals online are summarized; suggested strategies include visiting the World Wide Web sites of journal publishers, using search engines, and accessing virtual

Slowinski, Joseph

104

Make That to Go: Re-Engineering a Web Portal for Mobile Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fact that people now live in a world of abundant portable electronic devices is important to any organization that maintains a web presence, including libraries. No longer tied to a desktop, the patrons' netbooks, tablets, ebook readers, and, of course, cellphones all become potential tools for remote access to library content. About a year

Spitzer, Stephan

2012-01-01

105

Unifying Access to National Hydrologic Data Repositories via Web Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CUAHSI hydrologic information system (HIS) is designed to be a live, multiscale web portal system for accessing, querying, visualizing, and publishing distributed hydrologic observation data and models for any location or region in the United States. The HIS design follows the principles of open service oriented architecture, i.e. system components are represented as web services with well defined standard service APIs. WaterOneFlow web services are the main component of the design. The currently available services have been completely re-written compared to the previous version, and provide programmatic access to USGS NWIS. (steam flow, groundwater and water quality repositories), DAYMET daily observations, NASA MODIS, and Unidata NAM streams, with several additional web service wrappers being added (EPA STORET, NCDC and others.). Different repositories of hydrologic data use different vocabularies, and support different types of query access. Resolving semantic and structural heterogeneities across different hydrologic observation archives and distilling a generic set of service signatures is one of the main scalability challenges in this project, and a requirement in our web service design. To accomplish the uniformity of the web services API, data repositories are modeled following the CUAHSI Observation Data Model. The web service responses are document-based, and use an XML schema to express the semantics in a standard format. Access to station metadata is provided via web service methods, GetSites, GetSiteInfo and GetVariableInfo. The methdods form the foundation of CUAHSI HIS discovery interface and may execute over locally-stored metadata or request the information from remote repositories directly. Observation values are retrieved via a generic GetValues method which is executed against national data repositories. The service is implemented in ASP.Net, and other providers are implementing WaterOneFlow services in java. Reference implementation of WaterOneFlow web services is available. More information about the ongoing development of CUAHSI HIS is available from http://www.cuahsi.org/his/.

Valentine, D. W.; Jennings, B.; Zaslavsky, I.; Maidment, D. R.

2006-12-01

106

PARALLEL CACHE MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC WEB CONTENTS  

E-print Network

20 PARALLEL CACHE MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC WEB CONTENTS Jaeyong Lim Dept Web servers provide two types of data [4,5,11]: static data from files stored on a server and dynamic. Thus, to improve the performance of web server, a key requirement for many websites providing static

Rajasekaran, Sanguthevar

107

Copyright 2000, 2013 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System WebAccess Policy, Page 1/2 World Wide Web Accessibility Policy  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2000, 2013 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System WebAccess Policy, Page 1/2 UW-Madison World Wide Web Accessibility Policy Policy 1. All new or revised Web pages with the World Wide Web standards defined in the Federal Rehabilitation Act Section 508, specifically subsections

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

108

Supporting accessible hypermedia in web-based educational systems: defining an accessibility application profile for learning resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

www.ask.iti.gr Abstract: The design and development of web-based educational systems for people with special abilities has recently attracted the attention of the research community. However, although a number of systems that claim to meet accessibility needs and preferences are proposed, most of them are typically supported by hypermedia and multimedia educational content that is specially designed for the user targeted

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2004-01-01

109

Customer Relationship Management for the Web-Access Challenged: Inaccessibility of the Fortune 100 Business Web Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies employ the World Wide Web (Web) to gather and disseminate information to and from actual and potential customers and increasingly for end- consumer business transactions through Electronic Commerce (EC). Online barriers limit or eliminate Web accessibility for many potential customers with access challenges. It is difficult to establish, develop and manage relationships with potential customers if they cannot access

2002-01-01

110

Improving Web Access for Visually Impaired Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology advances and the continuing convergence of computing and telecommunications have made an unprecedented amount of information available to the public. For many people with disabilities, however, accessibility issues limit the impact of such widespread availability. Of the many types of disabilities-mobility, hearing, and learning impairments, for example-vision impairments are most pervasive in the general population, especially among seniors. The

Simon Liu; Wei Ma; Dale Schalow; Kevin Spruill

2004-01-01

111

Accessing Streamflow Data via the Worldwide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a computer-based activity in which students retrieve data from websites maintained by the US Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Weather Service (NWS), and then use that data to test different hypotheses regarding streamflow and precipitation. Students import data from web sites into a spreadsheet program where they can construct scatter plots and perform simple statistical tests. The activity has two components, the first focusing on relations between streamflow and drainage basin characteristics (drainage area, slope, precipitation), the second focusing on trends in annual precipitation at two locations in the USA: Burlington, VT, and Boulder, CO. As part of the second component, students conduct a statistical test to determine if the long-term trends in precipitation are significant.

Pitlick, John

112

Clustering of Web Users Based on Access Patterns Yongjian Fu Kanwalpreet Sandhu MingYi Shih  

E-print Network

Clustering of Web Users Based on Access Patterns Yongjian Fu Kanwalpreet Sandhu Ming­Yi Shih The clustering of the Web users based on their access patterns is studied. Access patterns of the Web users are extracted from Web servers' log files, and then organized into sessions which represent episodes

Fu, Yongjian

113

A Web-Based Remote Access Laboratory Using SCADA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet provides an opportunity for students to access laboratories from outside the campus. This paper presents a Web-based remote access real-time laboratory using SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) control. The control of an induction motor is used as an example to demonstrate the effectiveness of this remote laboratory, using real instruments (a two-level inverter, measurement equipment, a magnetic

Zafer Aydogmus; Omur Aydogmus

2009-01-01

114

Quantitative Evaluation of Web Site Content and Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach to automatically classify and evaluate publicly accessible World Wide Web sites. Outlines a research methodology for model building and validation, develops a set of criteria for classifying Web sites, and compares manual versus automated evaluation. (Author/LRW)

Bauer, Christian; Scharl, Arno

2000-01-01

115

A SOAP Web Service for accessing MODIS land product subsets  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing data from satellites have provided valuable information on the state of the earth for several decades. Since March 2000, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on board NASA s Terra and Aqua satellites have been providing estimates of several land parameters useful in understanding earth system processes at global, continental, and regional scales. However, the HDF-EOS file format, specialized software needed to process the HDF-EOS files, data volume, and the high spatial and temporal resolution of MODIS data make it difficult for users wanting to extract small but valuable amounts of information from the MODIS record. To overcome this usability issue, the NASA-funded Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) for Biogeochemical Dynamics at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed a Web service that provides subsets of MODIS land products using Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). The ORNL DAAC MODIS subsetting Web service is a unique way of serving satellite data that exploits a fairly established and popular Internet protocol to allow users access to massive amounts of remote sensing data. The Web service provides MODIS land product subsets up to 201 x 201 km in a non-proprietary comma delimited text file format. Users can programmatically query the Web service to extract MODIS land parameters for real time data integration into models, decision support tools or connect to workflow software. Information regarding the MODIS SOAP subsetting Web service is available on the World Wide Web (WWW) at http://daac.ornl.gov/modiswebservice.

SanthanaVannan, Suresh K [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL; Pan, Jerry Yun [ORNL; Wilson, Bruce E [ORNL

2011-01-01

116

Investigating the Accessibility of Maryland State Agency Web Sites  

E-print Network

, Karl Weber, and Bryan Wenger Department of Computer and Information Sciences And Universal Usability for people with impairments. People with perceptual, motor, or cognitive impairments may access web sites impairment (see http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/edi/DisabilityStatistics/acs.cfm for more population statistics

Lazar, Jonathan

117

The Internet Hunt Revisited: Personal Information Accessible via the Web  

E-print Network

The Internet Hunt Revisited: Personal Information Accessible via the Web Kay Connelly, Tom Jagatic Gates posted an unusual Internet Hunt[4] to his monthly contest in usenet (alt.internet.services): he will not make contact with the subjects who are the targets of our hunt. · We shall not go to a library or any

Connelly, Kay

118

Web Accessibility Policies and Practices at American Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges are increasingly using the Internet for admissions and financial aid applications. The use of online processes has serious implications for students with disabilities, such as visual and learning problems, who may encounter difficulties with the Web sites if they are not designed in an accessible and usable way. A survey of

Erickson, William; Trerise, Sharon; VanLooy, Sara; Lee, Camille; Bruyere, Susanne

2009-01-01

119

Open Access and Semantic Web SW Applications for Open publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Open Access movement, grown since the first Nineties and quickly developed in the last years, aims at enlarging the dissemination of scientific knowledge; based on the assumption that the Internet and the World Wide Web are able to offer the chance to constitute a global and interactive representation of human knowl- edge, including cultural heritage and the guarantee of

Michele Barbera; Francesca Di Donato

120

XML Content Finally Arrives on the Web!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains extensible markup language (XML) and how it differs from hypertext markup language (HTML) and standard generalized markup language (SGML). Highlights include features of XML, including better formatting of documents, better searching capabilities, multiple uses for hyperlinking, and an increase in Web applications; Web browsers; and what

Funke, Susan

1998-01-01

121

How Accessible Are Public Libraries Web Sites? A Study of Georgia Public Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

One issue that public librarians must consider when planning Web site design is accessibility for patrons with disabilities. This article reports a study of Web site accessibility of public libraries in Georgia. The focus of the report is whether public libraries use accessible guidelines and standards in making their Web sites accessible. An e-mail survey asked each of the 58

Emma Ingle; Ravonne A. Green; Julia Huprich

2009-01-01

122

How Accessible Are Public Libraries' Web Sites? A Study of Georgia Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One issue that public librarians must consider when planning Web site design is accessibility for patrons with disabilities. This article reports a study of Web site accessibility of public libraries in Georgia. The focus of the report is whether public libraries use accessible guidelines and standards in making their Web sites accessible. An

Ingle, Emma; Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

2009-01-01

123

Flashproxy: Transparently Enabling Rich Web Content via Remote Execution  

E-print Network

applications. For many mobile devices, however, supporting active content is problematic. First, the physical to use active Web content, such as Flash, Silverlight, or Java applets, to support rich, interactive resource requirements of the browser plug-ins that execute active content may exceed the capabilities

Gribble, Steve

124

Examining the content and privacy of web browsing incidental information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the privacy comfort levels of participants if others can view traces of their web browsing activity. During a week-long field study, participants used an electronic diary daily to annotate each web page visited with a privacy level. Content categories were used by participants to theoretically specify their privacy comfort for each category and by researchers to partition

Kirstie Hawkey; Kori M. Inkpen

2006-01-01

125

Understanding and Supporting Directed Content Sharing on the Web  

E-print Network

To find interesting, personally relevant web content, we often rely on friends and colleagues to pass links along as they encounter them. In this paper, we study and augment link-sharing via e-mail, the most popular means ...

Miller, Rob

2009-10-07

126

Web Services Provide Access to SCEC Scientific Research Application Software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Web services offer scientific communities a new paradigm for sharing research codes and communicating results. While there are formal technical definitions of what constitutes a web service, for a user community such as the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), we may conceptually consider a web service to be functionality provided on-demand by an application which is run on a remote computer located elsewhere on the Internet. The value of a web service is that it can (1) run a scientific code without the user needing to install and learn the intricacies of running the code; (2) provide the technical framework which allows a user's computer to talk to the remote computer which performs the service; (3) provide the computational resources to run the code; and (4) bundle several analysis steps and provide the end results in digital or (post-processed) graphical form. Within an NSF-sponsored ITR project coordinated by SCEC, we are constructing web services using architectural protocols and programming languages (e.g., Java). However, because the SCEC community has a rich pool of scientific research software (written in traditional languages such as C and FORTRAN), we also emphasize making existing scientific codes available by constructing web service frameworks which wrap around and directly run these codes. In doing so we attempt to broaden community usage of these codes. Web service wrapping of a scientific code can be done using a "web servlet" construction or by using a SOAP/WSDL-based framework. This latter approach is widely adopted in IT circles although it is subject to rapid evolution. Our wrapping framework attempts to "honor" the original codes with as little modification as is possible. For versatility we identify three methods of user access: (A) a web-based GUI (written in HTML and/or Java applets); (B) a Linux/OSX/UNIX command line "initiator" utility (shell-scriptable); and (C) direct access from within any Java application (and with the correct API interface from within C++ and/or C/Fortran). This poster presentation will provide descriptions of the following selected web services and their origin as scientific application codes: 3D community velocity models for Southern California, geocoordinate conversions (latitude/longitude to UTM), execution of GMT graphical scripts, data format conversions (Gocad to Matlab format), and implementation of Seismic Hazard Analysis application programs that calculate hazard curve and hazard map data sets.

Gupta, N.; Gupta, V.; Okaya, D.; Kamb, L.; Maechling, P.

2003-12-01

127

Web Structure & Content (not a theory talk)  

E-print Network

1998, Chakrabarti & al 1998, Dean & Henzinger 1999, Davison 2000, etc ­ Link eigenvalue analysis: HITS Recreation Kids and Teens Computers Sports Reference Home News r link-semantic content-semantic content

Menczer, Filippo

128

Guidelines for Web Usability and Accessibility on the Nintendo Wii  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study is to propose a set of guidelines for designing Internet web sites usable and accessible with\\u000a the Nintendo Wii console. After an accurate analysis of usability issues and of the typical Wii Internet users, twelve usability\\u000a guidelines will be proposed. These guidelines are focused on visibility, understandability, clickability and compatibility.\\u000a We then restructured a

Valentina Franzoni; Osvaldo Gervasi

2009-01-01

129

A General and Flexible Access-Control System for the Web Michael A. Schneider  

E-print Network

a standard web server and web browser to use proof-carrying authorization to control access to web pages. The web browser gen- erates proofs mechanically by iteratively fetching proof components until a proof can on the web server. A successful response will often result in the client's browser being given a cookie

130

Online and Incremental Mining of Separately-Grouped Web Access Logs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rising popularity of electronic commerce makes data mining an indispensable technology for business competitiveness. The World Wide Web provides abundant raw data in the form of Web access logs, Web transaction logs and Web user profiles. Without data mining tools, it is impossible to make any sense of such massive data. We focus on Web usage mining because it

Yew-Kwong Woon; Wee-Keong Ng; Ee-peng Lim

2002-01-01

131

Web Based Data Access to the World Data Center for Climate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The World Data Center for Climate (WDC-Climate, www.wdc-climate.de) is hosted by the Model &Data Group (M&D) of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. The M&D department is financed by the German government and uses the computers and mass storage facilities of the German Climate Computing Centre (Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum, DKRZ). The WDC-Climate provides web access to 200 Terabytes of climate data; the total mass storage archive contains nearly 4 Petabytes. Although the majority of the datasets concern model output data, some satellite and observational data are accessible as well. The underlying relational database is distributed on five servers. The CERA relational data model is used to integrate catalogue data and mass data. The flexibility of the model allows to store and access very different types of data and metadata. The CERA metadata catalogue provides easy access to the content of the CERA database as well as to other data in the web. Visit ceramodel.wdc-climate.de for additional information on the CERA data model. The majority of the users access data via the CERA metadata catalogue, which is open without registration. However, prior to retrieving data user are required to check in and apply for a userid and password. The CERA metadata catalogue is servlet based. So it is accessible worldwide through any web browser at cera.wdc-climate.de. In addition to data and metadata access by the web catalogue, WDC-Climate offers a number of other forms of web based data access. All metadata are available via http request as xml files in various metadata formats (ISO, DC, etc., see wini.wdc-climate.de) which allows for easy data interchange with other catalogues. Model data can be retrieved in GRIB, ASCII, NetCDF, and binary (IEEE) format. WDC-Climate serves as data centre for various projects. Since xml files are accessible by http, the integration of data into applications of different projects is very easy. Projects supported by WDC-Climate are e.g. CEOP, IPCC, and CARIBIC. A script tool for data download (jblob) is offered on the web page, to make retrieval of huge data quantities more comfortable.

Toussaint, F.; Lautenschlager, M.

2006-12-01

132

World Wide Web Homepages: An Examination of Content and Audience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper shows how the content of a World Wide Web page is selected and how an examination of the intended audience influences content. Examples from the New Mexico Tech (NMT) Library homepage show what sources are selected and what level of detail is appropriate for the intended audience. Six fundamental functions of libraries and information

Reynolds, Betty; And Others

133

Simple Enough--Even for Web Virgins: Lisa Mitten's Access to Native American Web Sites. Web Site Review Essay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mixed-blood Mohawk urban Indian and university librarian, Lisa Mitten provides access to Web sites with solid information about American Indians. Links are provided to 10 categories--Native nations, Native organizations, Indian education, Native media, powwows and festivals, Indian music, Native arts, Native businesses, and Indian-oriented home

Belgarde, Mary Jiron

1998-01-01

134

Web Interface To Access Meteorological Database in Gempak  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In its 10 years of existence, the CPTEC accumulated global meteorological data that were received through GTS, the Global Telecommunications System of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). These data are distributed in several formats, and accessible only by specific systems. The proposal of this work was to compile and to organize part of the global data received in the CPTEC through the GTS (1996-2005) and make them available to researchers and meteorologists. The data had been converted to the GEMPAK software, and also was developed a script to make extraction of historical data series through a simple Web Interface. Thanks to this interface it is possible to access these data by the Internet. To make the access easier, these data had been recorded in DVDs.

Mendes, M. S.; Almeida, W. G.; Ferreira, S. H.

2007-05-01

135

A Web Page That Provides Map-Based Interfaces for VRML/X3D Contents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electronic map is very useful for navigation in the VRML/X3D virtual environments. So far various map-based interfaces have been developed. But they are lacking for generality because they have been separately developed for individual VRML/X3D contents, and users must use different interfaces for different contents. Therefore we have developed a web page that provides a common map-based interface for VRML/X3D contents on the web. Users access VRML/X3D contents via the web page. The web page automatically generates a simplified map by analyzing the scene graph of downloaded contents, and embeds the mechanism to link the virtual world and the map. An avatar is automatically created and added to the map, and both a user and its avatar are bi-directionally linked together. In the simplified map, obstructive objects are removed and the other objects are replaced by base boxes. This paper proposes the architecture of the web page and the method to generate simplified maps. Finally, experimental system is developed in order to show the improvement of flame rates by simplifying the map.

Miyake, Yoshihiro; Suzaki, Kenichi; Araya, Shinji

136

A survey on dynamic Web content generation and delivery techniques Jayashree Ravi, Zhifeng Yu, Weisong Shi  

E-print Network

caching is a vital technology. This paper attempts to survey the innovative research and products recentlyA survey on dynamic Web content generation and delivery techniques Jayashree Ravi, Zhifeng Yu: Dynamic Web content Content distribution Personalised Web content a b s t r a c t While Web applications

Shi, Weisong

137

Immigrants health-related web site content analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Koreans are fast-growing Asian immigrant groups. Immigration experienced a stressful adjustment process in new norms, languages, and social conditions. Immigrants, generally have limited access to health facilities because of most immigrants come from places with differing health beliefs and health care systems. Web sites on the Internet are excellent resources for the public consumers to gain health care knowledge.

Jeongyee Bae; Yoonjung Kim

138

DOORS WebAccess Script and Landing page for Developerworks 4 minutes 16 seconds  

E-print Network

DOORS WebAccess Script and Landing page for Developerworks 4 minutes 16 seconds Intro Telelogic DOORS Web Access gives distributed stakeholders clear visibility into requirements and traceability relationships, and offers a secure online environment for participating in requirements discussions. DOORS Web

139

Accessibility Trends among Academic Library and Library School Web Sites in the USA and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the accessibility of North American library and library school Web sites for all users, including those with disabilities. Web accessibility data collected in 2006 are compared to those of 2000 and 2002. The findings of this follow-up study continue to give cause for concern: Despite improvements since 2002, library and library school Web sites still tend

Axel Schmetzke; David Comeaux

2009-01-01

140

Can the Web Be Made Accessible for People with Intellectual Disabilities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the findings of a research project that aimed to contribute to the social inclusion of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in the World Wide Web (the Web). The Inclusive New Media Design (INMD) project brought together thirty-one Web designers and developers with twenty-nine people with intellectual disabilities to explore the best practice for building Web sites accessible

Helen Kennedy; Simon Evans; Siobhan Thomas

2011-01-01

141

A Temporal Description Logic Based Access Control Model for Expressing History Constrained Policies in Semantic Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

An access control model for semantic Web should be compatible with the corresponding semantic model. The access control procedure(s) should also take the semantic relationships between the entities (specified as ontologies) into account. Considering the benefits of logic-based models and the description logic foundation of semantic Web, in this paper, we propose an access control model based on a temporal

Fathieh Faghih; Morteza Amini; Rasool Jalili

2009-01-01

142

Retrieving Web Pages Using Content, Links, URLs and Anchors  

Microsoft Academic Search

For this year's web track, we concentrated on the entry page finding task. For the content-only runs, in both the ad-hoc task and the entry page finding task, we used an information retrieval system based on a simple unigram language model. In the Ad hoc task we experimented with alternatieve approaches to smoothing. For the entry page task, we incorporated

Thijs Westerveld; Wessel Kraaij; Djoerd Hiemstra

2001-01-01

143

Video Quality Assessment for Web Content Mirroring Kevin Fei, 2  

E-print Network

, and will continue to grow at a rapid pace, increasing fivefold by 2017.1 Many video streaming devices provide, moving web high quality video streaming content from the small screen in mobile devices to the larger TV user satisfaction. We compare the quality of local videos with the videos transmitted to a TV. Four

Tomkins, Andrew

144

MIAPS: a web-based system for remotely accessing and presenting medical images.  

PubMed

MIAPS (medical image access and presentation system) is a web-based system designed for remotely accessing and presenting DICOM image. MIAPS is accessed with web browser through the Internet. MIAPS provides four features: DICOM image retrieval, maintenance, presentation and output. MIAPS does not intent to replace sophisticated commercial and open source packages, but it provides a web-based solution for teleradiology and medical image sharing. The system has been evaluated by 39 hospitals in China for 10 months. PMID:24183386

Shen, Hualei; Ma, Dianfu; Zhao, Yongwang; Sun, Hailong; Sun, Sujun; Ye, Rongwei; Huang, Lei; Lang, Bo; Sun, Yan

2014-01-01

145

Advances in semantic multimedia analysis for personalised content access  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this special session overview paper, we present an introduction to the advances in semantic multimedia analysis for personalised content access. We firstly identify the importance of semantic multimedia analysis for personalised multimedia content applications, from a user and business perspective. We then summarise of the state of the art in these novel, and emerging domains. Finally, we describe some

Paola Hobson; Yiannis Kompatsiaris

2006-01-01

146

Children and YouTube: access to safe content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Watching cartoons is part of a child's daily routine. Today the Internet and social video repositories such as YouTube encourage exploration for new online videos, but pornography is dramatically pervasive on the Internet and children may accidently access inappropriate content. In this paper, we first introduce the problem by showing a real example in which audio porno content was substituted

Marina Buzzi

2011-01-01

147

ContentBased Access to Algebraic Video Andrzej Duda \\Lambda  

E-print Network

operations on video segments to create a desired video stream. The video algebra consists of operations a new digital video data type with content­based access will alleviate these problems and motivate that supports our example's operations must integrate both content attributes of the video and its semantic

Gifford, David K.

148

Terminology issues in user access to Web-based medical information.  

PubMed Central

We conducted a study of user queries to the National Library of Medicine Web site over a three month period. Our purpose was to study the nature and scope of these queries in order to understand how to improve users' access to the information they are seeking on our site. The results show that the queries are primarily medical in content (94%), with only a small percentage (5.5%) relating to library services, and with a very small percentage (.5%) not being medically relevant at all. We characterize the data set, and conclude with a discussion of our plans to develop a UMLS-based terminology server to assist NLM Web users. Images Figure 1 PMID:10566330

McCray, A. T.; Loane, R. F.; Browne, A. C.; Bangalore, A. K.

1999-01-01

149

Secure Web-Site Access with Tickets and Message-Dependent Digests  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Although there are various methods for restricting access to documents stored on a World Wide Web (WWW) site (a Web site), none of the widely used methods is completely suitable for restricting access to Web applications hosted on an otherwise publicly accessible Web site. A new technique, however, provides a mix of features well suited for restricting Web-site or Web-application access to authorized users, including the following: secure user authentication, tamper-resistant sessions, simple access to user state variables by server-side applications, and clean session terminations. This technique, called message-dependent digests with tickets, or MDDT, maintains secure user sessions by passing single-use nonces (tickets) and message-dependent digests of user credentials back and forth between client and server. Appendix 2 provides a working implementation of MDDT with PHP server-side code and JavaScript client-side code.

Donato, David I.

2008-01-01

150

Accessing NASA Technology with the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) began using the World Wide Web (WWW) in the summer of 1993, becoming the first NASA installation to provide a Center-wide home page. This coincided with a reorganization of LaRC to provide a more concentrated focus on technology transfer to both aerospace and non-aerospace industry. Use of WWW and NCSA Mosaic not only provides automated information dissemination, but also allows for the implementation, evolution and integration of many technology transfer and technology awareness applications. This paper describes several of these innovative applications, including the on-line presentation of the entire Technology OPportunities Showcase (TOPS), an industrial partnering showcase that exists on the Web long after the actual 3-day event ended. The NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS) provides uniform access to many logically similar, yet physically distributed NASA report servers. WWW is also the foundation of the Langley Software Server (LSS), an experimental software distribution system which will distribute LaRC-developed software. In addition to the more formal technology distribution projects, WWW has been successful in connecting people with technologies and people with other people.

Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

1995-01-01

151

Utilizing Social Bookmarking Tag Space for Web Content Discovery: A Social Network Analysis Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social bookmarking has gained popularity since the advent of Web 2.0. Keywords known as tags are created to annotate web content, and the resulting tag space composed of the tags, the resources, and the users arises as a new platform for web content discovery. Useful and interesting web resources can be located through searching and browsing based

Wei, Wei

2010-01-01

152

Contego: Capability-Based Access Control for Web Browsers  

E-print Network

the early day's static web pages to today's highly dynamic and interactive ones, the Web has evolved a lot models for browsers. Today's web pages behave more and more like a system, with dynamic ele- ments interacting with one another within each web page. A well-designed ac- cess control model is needed to mediate

Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

153

A Distributed Algorithm for Content-Aware Web Server Clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

While content-aware distribution policies are getting more popular in cluster-based web systems, they make the dispatching node a bottleneck. To address the scalability and fault-tolerance problem, issues about designing distributed dispatching policies are discussed. For the policies aiming at improving the cache hit rate, a distributed dispatching policy named DWARD (distributed workload-aware request distribution) that takes into account both the

DU Zeng-Kai; ZHENG Ming-Yang; JU Jiu-Bin

154

Understanding multimedia content using web scale social media data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, increasingly rich and massive social media data (such as texts, images, audios, videos, blogs, and so on) are being posted to the web, including social networking websites (e.g., MySpace, Facebook), photo and video sharing websites (e.g., Flickr, YouTube), and photo forums (e.g., Photosig.com and Photo.net). Recently, researchers from multidisciplinary areas have proposed to use data-driven approaches for multimedia content

Dong Xu; Lei Zhang; Jiebo Luo

2010-01-01

155

2011 Program Evaluation Findings Summary Access: Online access to MIT OpenCourseWare content  

E-print Network

CourseWare content continues to grow dramatically on ocw.mit.edu; OCW materials are also accessed offline at high,018 courses translated and 290 mirror sites globally OCW materials are being widely distributed offlineTunes U; 24 M YouTube views recorded OCW is accessed by a broadly international population of educators

Reuter, Martin

156

WEB 2.0: Blind to an Accessible New World Joshua Hailpern  

E-print Network

.0 technologies, websites have evolved from static pages to dynamic, interactive Web-based applications traditional websites and Web 2.0 applications. Further contributions are a discussion of accessibility difficulties screen reader users encounter when interacting with Web 2.0 applications, a user workflow design

Tomkins, Andrew

157

Archiving Web Sites for Preservation and Access: MODS, METS and MINERVA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Born-digital material such as archived Web sites provides unique challenges in ensuring access and preservation. This article examines some of the technical challenges involved in harvesting and managing Web archives as well as metadata strategies to provide descriptive, technical, and preservation related information about archived Web sites,

Guenther, Rebecca; Myrick, Leslie

2006-01-01

158

Characteristics of Mobile Web Content Paul J. Timmins, Sean McCormick, Emmanuel Agu, Craig E. Wills  

E-print Network

content is increasingly available in mobile Web formats that facilitate information access by cell phones parameters, such as buffer sizes and maximum number of incomplete TCP connections. PDA and cell phone Department of Computer Science Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA U.S.A. Email: {ptimmins

Hu, Wen-Chen

159

Profiling Web Archive Coverage for Top-Level Domain and Content Language  

E-print Network

University, Norfolk, VA USA {aalsum,mweigle,mln}@cs.odu.edu 2 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM from a variety of sources (the web, archives' access logs, and full-text queries to archives, then preserving for future access [1]. The global archived web corpus is distributed between various web archives

Nelson, Michael L.

160

Access patterns of a clinic-based health information web site for international travelers.  

PubMed

A large national telephone survey conducted in 2000 by the Pew Internet & American Life Project estimated that 52 million American adults used the Internet to acquire health information. Based on population estimates, these users comprised 25% of all adults. The growth of online health information coupled with increasing Internet access has led to the emergence of consumer informatics as an outbranching from traditional medical informatics. The ease of international communications afforded by the Internet holds great promise for consumers in the realm of travel medicine. For example, an early study found that a Web site hosted by an international travel medicine clinic was accessed by client computers in more than 100 countries. Nevertheless, relatively little research has been conducted on consumer informatics in travel medicine. An important aspect of consumer informatics involves studying consumers' needs for health information. The purpose of this study was to perform a descriptive analysis of overall use and content-specific access patterns for health information provided on a clinic-based Web site for international travelers. PMID:12962586

Licciardone, John C

2002-01-01

161

Analyzing Tool Support for Inspecting Accessibility Guidelines during the Development Process of Web Sites  

E-print Network

by currently available tools for taking care of accessibility at different phases of the development process for building Web sites. Lately, by the means of a case study we try to assess the cost/benefits of fixing certificates (e.g. WAI-A, WAI-AA, WAI-AAA) for accessible-compliant Web sites. Currently, there are many tools

Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

162

Analysis and Characterization of Large-Scale Web Server Access Patterns and Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we develop a general methodology for characterizing the access patterns of Web server requests based on a time-series analysis of finite collections of observed data from real systems. Our approach is used together with the access logs from the IBM Web site for the Olympic Games to demonstrate some of its advantages over previous methods and to

Arun Iyengar; Mark S. Squillante; Li Zhang

1999-01-01

163

Texting and accessing the web while driving: Traffic citations and crashes among young adult drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: We examined relations between young adult texting and accessing the web while driving with driving outcomes (viz., crashes and traffic citations). Our premise is that engaging in texting and accessing the web while driving is not only distracting, but that these activities represent a pattern of behavior that leads to an increase in unwanted outcomes, such as crashes and

Jerry L. Cook; Randall M. Jones

2011-01-01

164

Web-based access to an online atlas of anatomy: the Digital Anatomist Common Gateway Interface.  

PubMed

A World Wide Web Common Gateway Interface package is described for accessing existing online interactive atlases of anatomy. The Web interface accesses the same 2-D and 3-D images of human neuroanatomy, knee anatomy and thoracic viscera that are currently accessed by a custom interactive atlas in distance learning courses. Although the Web interface is too slow to replace the existing atlas, it provides a parallel access path that has much broader potential for development of a distributed distance learning network in anatomy. By maintaining both access methods to the same information sources we continue to satisfy the fast interactivity needs for our local courses, while at the same time providing a migration path to the Web as the capabilities of Web browsers evolve. PMID:8563336

Bradley, S W; Rosse, C; Brinkley, J F

1995-01-01

165

Storing and accessing live mashup content in the cloud  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's Rich Internet Application (RIA) technologies such as Ajax, Flex, or Silverlight, are designed around the client-server paradigm and cannot easily take advantage of replication, publish-subscribe, or peer-to-peer mechanisms for better scalability or responsiveness. This is particularly true of storage: content is typically persisted in data centers and consumed via web services. We propose1 a checkpointed channel (CC) abstraction as

Krzysztof Ostrowski; Ken Birman

2010-01-01

166

Deep Web video  

SciTech Connect

To make the web work better for science, OSTI has developed state-of-the-art technologies and services including a deep web search capability. The deep web includes content in searchable databases available to web users but not accessible by popular search engines, such as Google. This video provides an introduction to the deep web search engine.

None Available

2009-06-01

167

Editorial: Special Issue on Web Content Mining Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

Editorial: Special Issue on Web Content Mining Bing Liu Department of Computer Science University 61801-2302 kcchang@cs.uiuc.edu 1. INTRODUCTION With the phenomenal growth of the Web, there is an ever- increasing volume of data and information published in numerous Web pages. The research in Web mining aims

Liu, Bing

168

Web 2.0: blind to an accessible new world  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of Web 2.0 technologies, websites have evolved from static pages to dynamic, interactive Web-based applications with the ability to replicate common desktop functionality. However, for blind and visually impaired individuals who rely upon screen readers, Web 2.0 applications force them to adapt to an inaccessible use model. Many technologies, including WAI- ARIA, AJAX, and improved screen reader

Joshua M. Hailpern; Loretta Guarino Reid; Richard Boardman; Srinivas Annam

2009-01-01

169

User-Tailored Web Accessibility Evaluations Markel Vigo  

E-print Network

-vision, deaf, colour blind and physically handicapped users, as well as people with cognitive disabilities of web pages according to the individual requirements of users with disabilities. These requirements evaluation reports can be used to improve the web browsing experience for users with disabilities

Kobsa, Alfred

170

Tag Content Access Control with Identity-based Key Exchange  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology that used to identify objects and users has been applied to many applications such retail and supply chain recently. How to prevent tag content from unauthorized readout is a core problem of RFID privacy issues. Hash-lock access control protocol can make tag to release its content only to reader who knows the secret key shared between them. However, in order to get this shared secret key required by this protocol, reader needs to communicate with a back end database. In this paper, we propose to use identity-based secret key exchange approach to generate the secret key required for hash-lock access control protocol. With this approach, not only back end database connection is not needed anymore, but also tag cloning problem can be eliminated at the same time.

Yan, Liang; Rong, Chunming

2010-09-01

171

75 FR 43460 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information and Services of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1190-AA61 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information...rights law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability. The ADA broadly protects...disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in services,...

2010-07-26

172

The Internet as a Reference Tool: Accessing Scientific and Technical Information via the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Research Library has developed a World Wide Web (WWW) page to allow laboratory staff, as well as individuals from around the world, access to information via the Internet. While many Web pages offer information solely on the organization, the Los Alamos National Laboratory page provides links to reference materials

Mosier, Mona L.

173

Accessing Web Educational Resources from Mobile Wireless Devices P. Brusilovsky1  

E-print Network

Accessing Web Educational Resources from Mobile Wireless Devices P. Brusilovsky1 and R.Rizzo2 1 educational resources from mobile wireless devices. Accomplishing this task with a regular Web search ways in which mobile wireless devices can be used for college education. Having both information

Brusilovsky, Peter

174

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

175

Evaluating the Accessibility of Web-Based Instruction For Students with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The author presents the methods,and results of a year-long evaluation study conducted,solely for the purpose,of determining,disability accessibility barriers and potential solutions for those barriers found in four Web-based learning environments. The methods,outlined include computer-based,analysis tools and computer-facilitated focus groups and focussed individual interviews. Additionally, the paper includes URLs for several Web resources on accessibility, including a site created by

D. Michelle Hinn

176

From WebEx to NavEx: Interactive Access to Annotated Program Examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews our work on providing students interactive access to annotated program examples. We review our experience with WebEx, the system that allows students to explore examples line by line. After that we present NavEx, an adaptive environment for accessing interactive programming examples. NavEx enhances WebEx with a specific kind of adaptive navigation support known as adaptive annotation. The

Peter Brusilovsky; Michael V. Yudelson

2008-01-01

177

Accessibility of Instructional Web Sites in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to education has always challenged students with disabilities. The increase of online instructional materials presents new opportunities--and possible barriers--for accessibility in higher education. Despite rising numbers of students with disabilities in higher education, colleges and universities have not ensured accessibility of online

Lewis, Kay; Yoder, Diane; Riley, Elizabeth; So, Yvonne; Yusufali, Sarah

2007-01-01

178

Using service brokers for accessing backend servers for web applications  

E-print Network

Mohapatra Department of Computer Science, Engineering II, One Shields Avenue, University of California. A schematic diagram of a typical Web server environment is shown in Fig. 1. Backend servers can be categorized

California at Davis, University of

179

Using Service Brokers for Accessing Backend Servers for Web Applications  

E-print Network

, directory services, secure trans- actions, and other services. A schematic diagram of a typ- ical Web server of Computer Science, Engineering II, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616. Email

Mohapatra, Prasant

180

Discovering Web Access Patterns and Trends by Applying OLAP and Data Mining Technology on Web Logs  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a confluence of data mining and WWW technologies,it is now possible to perform data mining onweb log records collected from the Internet web pageaccess history. The behaviour of the web page readersis imprinted in the web server log files. Analyzingand exploring regularities in this behaviour can improvesystem performance, enhance the quality and deliveryof Internet information services to the end

Osmar R. Zaane; Man Xin; Jiawei Han

1998-01-01

181

Universal Design & The Web: Techniques, Problems, and Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal web design is the practice of designing and developing web content that is accessible to the broadest possible audience, including people with disabilities. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) published its Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 in May 1999. More recently, Adobe has built accessibility features into its Portable Document Format (PDF) and Macromedia has similarly equipped its Flash

Terry Thompson

182

Accessing the SEED Genome Databases via Web Services API: Tools for Programmers  

PubMed Central

Background The SEED integrates many publicly available genome sequences into a single resource. The database contains accurate and up-to-date annotations based on the subsystems concept that leverages clustering between genomes and other clues to accurately and efficiently annotate microbial genomes. The backend is used as the foundation for many genome annotation tools, such as the Rapid Annotation using Subsystems Technology (RAST) server for whole genome annotation, the metagenomics RAST server for random community genome annotations, and the annotation clearinghouse for exchanging annotations from different resources. In addition to a web user interface, the SEED also provides Web services based API for programmatic access to the data in the SEED, allowing the development of third-party tools and mash-ups. Results The currently exposed Web services encompass over forty different methods for accessing data related to microbial genome annotations. The Web services provide comprehensive access to the database back end, allowing any programmer access to the most consistent and accurate genome annotations available. The Web services are deployed using a platform independent service-oriented approach that allows the user to choose the most suitable programming platform for their application. Example code demonstrate that Web services can be used to access the SEED using common bioinformatics programming languages such as Perl, Python, and Java. Conclusions We present a novel approach to access the SEED database. Using Web services, a robust API for access to genomics data is provided, without requiring large volume downloads all at once. The API ensures timely access to the most current datasets available, including the new genomes as soon as they come online. PMID:20546611

2010-01-01

183

Measurement of memory access contentions in multiple vector processor systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to study delays encountered when several vector processors access a common memory. Such delays may be caused by access conflicts at the memory or by contentions within the network connection processors to common memory. Because such delays are potentially the limiting performance bottleneck of common memory architectures, it is important to understand how they depend on design parameters, in particular the number of processors serviced by the common memory, the degree of memory interleaving, and the speed of the memory chips. Such understanding will make it possible to assess the performance of systems with increasing number of processors and new memory technologies. It is essential for any assessment of the future potential of common memory systems. There are three possible approaches to the study of this problem, analytical models, simulations, and measurements on existing machines. All three approaches are necessary because each has advantages and limitations. Analytical models owe their effectiveness to simplifying assumptions that need to be checked by the other two methods. In particular, stochastic methods and queueing theory offer not techniques to deal with regular memory access patterns that are common in scientific and engineering applications. Simulations can generally approximate reality more closely, however, even simulations do not replace real measurements. They are often very slow and contain assumptions that need to be tested. This paper presents a set of measurements of memory access delay performed on several computers of the Cray family under carefully controlled conditions. 9 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Bucher, I.Y.; Simmons, M.L.

1991-01-01

184

A General and Flexible Access-Control System for the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the design, implementation, and per- formance of a new system for access control on the web. To achieve greater flexibility in forming access- control policies - in particular, to allow better in- teroperability across administrative boundaries - we base our system on the ideas of proof-carrying au- thorization (PCA). We extend PCA with the no- tion of goals

Lujo Bauer; Michael A. Schneider; Edward W. Felten

2002-01-01

185

On the Incoherencies in Web Browser Access Control Policies Kapil Singh, Alexander Moshchuk, Helen J. Wang and Wenke Lee  

E-print Network

On the Incoherencies in Web Browser Access Control Policies Kapil Singh, Alexander Moshchuk, Helen}@cc.gatech.edu Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA Email: {alexmos, helenw}@microsoft.com Abstract--Web browsers' access of removing these unsafe browser features. To do this, we have built WebAnalyzer, a crawler-based framework

Hunt, Galen

186

A Unified Architecture for Surfacing the Content of Deep Web Databases  

E-print Network

AbstractDeep web is the part of web that is not technically accessible to a search engines crawler. The Deep web contains more than five hundred times the data present in the surface web that search engines normally search. But we dont have access to these data directly. In this paper, we propose a unified architecture for accessing the data from Deep web databases. We have also used the heuristic of using the data present for input restricted fields in the forms for automatically filling the unified query interface to extract the data from the deep web databases. We have evaluated our work using the precision metric by considering data from ten Deep web databases. In future, we have plans to increase the number of databases from which we extract the deep web data and also to increase the range of queries that are to be answered by extracting data from the Deep web databases. We are also working on tracking changes in deep web databases using an incremental crawl strategy. Index TermsDeep web, surfacing, query interface, forms, data extraction

G. Pavai; Dr. T. V. Geetha

187

Google's Deep Web crawl  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Deep Web, i.e., content hidden behind HTML forms, has long been acknowledged as a significant gap in search engine coverage. Since it represents a large portion of the structured data on the Web, accessing Deep-Web content has been a long-standing challenge for the database commu- nity. This paper describes a system for surfacing Deep-Web content, i.e., pre-computing submissions for

Jayant Madhavan; David Ko; Lucja Kot; Vignesh Ganapathy; Alex Rasmussen; Alon Y. Halevy

2008-01-01

188

Web Site Accessibility: What Logo Will We Use Today?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act has amended the Disability Discrimination Act and requires that students with a disability not be discriminated against or substantially disadvantaged by establishments of further and higher education. Academic web site developers must take steps to ensure that their sites fulfil this requirement,

Witt, Neil; McDermott, Anne

2004-01-01

189

Web accessibility testing: when the method is the culprit  

E-print Network

to determine usability of the web site with respect to disabled users. More confusion exists regarding successful. And when the property depends on human cognitive processes, then also the testing method may of effectiveness; now and then it is defined in terms of usability; but unfortunately there are too often claims

Brajnik, Giorgio

190

Making Online Learning Accessible: Using Technology to Declutter the Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of Web 2.0 technologies has made it possible for teachers to create a variety of engaging online learning activities for students of all ages. However, for students with learning disabilities, the prospect of having to search, read, and analyze information online can be overwhelming. This article reviews a variety of tools and

Brunvand, Stein; Abadeh, Heidi

2010-01-01

191

KBWS: an EMBOSS associated package for accessing bioinformatics web services.  

PubMed

The availability of bioinformatics web-based services is rapidly proliferating, for their interoperability and ease of use. The next challenge is in the integration of these services in the form of workflows, and several projects are already underway, standardizing the syntax, semantics, and user interfaces. In order to deploy the advantages of web services with locally installed tools, here we describe a collection of proxy client tools for 42 major bioinformatics web services in the form of European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite (EMBOSS) UNIX command-line tools. EMBOSS provides sophisticated means for discoverability and interoperability for hundreds of tools, and our package, named the Keio Bioinformatics Web Service (KBWS), adds functionalities of local and multiple alignment of sequences, phylogenetic analyses, and prediction of cellular localization of proteins and RNA secondary structures. This software implemented in C is available under GPL from http://www.g-language.org/kbws/ and GitHub repository http://github.com/cory-ko/KBWS. Users can utilize the SOAP services implemented in Perl directly via WSDL file at http://soap.g-language.org/kbws.wsdl (RPC Encoded) and http://soap.g-language.org/kbws_dl.wsdl (Document/literal). PMID:21529350

Oshita, Kazuki; Arakawa, Kazuharu; Tomita, Masaru

2011-01-01

192

Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let

193

Cascading Tree Sheets and recombinant HTML: Better encapsulation and retargeting of web content  

E-print Network

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) took a valuable step towards separating web content from presentation. But HTML pages still contain large amounts of "design scaffolding" needed to hierarchically layer content for proper ...

Benson, Edward Oscar

194

HTTPi for Practical End-to-End Web Content Integrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widespread growth of open wireless hot spots has made it very easy for network attackers to carry out man-in-the-middle attacks and impersonate web sites. End-to-end security between a user's web browser and web sites is ever more needed to allow meaningful enforcement of the same-origin policy on the web browser platform. Although HTTPS can be used to prevent such

Kapil Singh; Helen J. Wang; Alexander Moshchuk; Collin Jackson; Wenke Lee

2011-01-01

195

The Status of Web Accessibility of Canadian Universities and Colleges: A Charter of Rights and Freedoms Issue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fundamental ideal that access to education and information as one of our basic human rights must not be neglected in the electronic information age. This ideal however is not being met in the area of postsecondary Web accessibility. This study surveyed 350 postsecondary institutions in Canada to evaluate their level of Web accessibility in

Zaparyniuk, Nicholas; Montgomerie, Craig

2005-01-01

196

Access Patterns for Robots and Humans in Web Archives Yasmin AlNoamany, Michele C. Weigle, Michael L. Nelson  

E-print Network

of how users, both humans and robots, access web archives. Based on samples from the Internet ArchiveAccess Patterns for Robots and Humans in Web Archives Yasmin AlNoamany, Michele C. Weigle, Michael to Dips and Skims, but human accesses are more varied between all four types. Robots outnumber humans 10

Weigle, Michele

197

The role of accessibility in a universal web  

E-print Network

"Universal design" is the process of creating products that are usable by people with the widest possible range of abilities, operating within the widest possible range of situations; whereas "accessibility" primarily ...

Henry, Shawn Lawton

198

Handling Client Mobility and Intermittent Connectivity in Mobile Web Accesses  

E-print Network

that access dynamic data (e.g., stock tickers, weather applets) is to ensure that displayed (or cached) values). Examples of such dynamic (i.e., time­varying) data include financial information such as stock prices, up

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

199

Arizona Hydrologic Information System Enhanced data accessibility using Web Services  

E-print Network

sustainable long-term archival and documentation, quality assessment and control, discovery, and access. Architecture Built in a highly modular fashion (based on the principles of a `Service Oriented Architecture

Hall, Sharon J.

200

Improving WebSite Maintenance with TANGOW by Making Page Structure and Contents Independent  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we discuss how Web site maintenance can be improved by making page structure and contents independent. This\\u000a is the principle used in TANGOW (Task-based Adaptive learNer Guidance On the Web) for designing and maintaining Web-sites.\\u000a In TANGOW, the information structure and contents are managed independently, what facilitates the maintenance tasks. It also\\u000a allows the specification of a

Rosa M. Carro; Estrella Pulido; Pilar Rodrguez

2001-01-01

201

A Privacy Access Control Framework for Web Services Collaboration with Role Mechanisms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the popularity of Internet technology, web services are becoming the most promising paradigm for distributed computing. This increased use of web services has meant that more and more personal information of consumers is being shared with web service providers, leading to the need to guarantee the privacy of consumers. This paper proposes a role-based privacy access control framework for Web services collaboration, it utilizes roles to specify the privacy privileges of services, and considers the impact on the reputation degree of the historic experience of services in playing roles. Comparing to the traditional privacy access control approaches, this framework can make the fine-grained authorization decision, thus efficiently protecting consumers' privacy.

Liu, Linyuan; Huang, Zhiqiu; Zhu, Haibin

202

A 'visual-centred' mapping approach for improving access to Web 2.0 for people with visual impairments.  

PubMed

On simple Web pages, the text to speech translation provided by a screen reader works relatively well. This is not the case for more sophisticated 'Web 2.0' pages, in which many interactive visual features, such as tickers, tabs, auto-suggest lists, calendars and slideshows currently remain inaccessible. Determining how to present these in audio is challenging in general, but may be particularly so for certain groups, such as people with congenital or early-onset blindness, as they are not necessarily familiar with the visual interaction metaphors that are involved. This article describes an evaluation of an audio Web browser designed using a novel approach, whereby visual content is translated to audio using algorithms derived from observing how sighted users interact with it. Both quantitative and qualitative measures showed that all participants, irrespective of the onset of their visual impairment, preferred the visual interaction-based audio mappings. Participants liked the fact that the mappings made the dynamic content truly accessible, rather than merely available to those who could find it, as is presently the case. The results indicate that this 'visual-centred' mapping approach may prove to be a suitable technique for translating complex visual content to audio, even for users with early-onset visual disabilities. PMID:20575753

Jay, Caroline; Brown, Andrew; Harper, Simon

2011-01-01

203

Personalised ubiquitous file access with XML Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of new types of end-user devices, as well as the increase in the number of users with broadband connection in private households, opens up the opportunity to provide access to documents and services residing in the home domain from remote locations. Also, the increased mobility of users, as well as the need to be able to work in

Ivar Jrstad; Do Thanh Van

2007-01-01

204

Performance Issues Related to Web Service Usage for Remote Data Access  

SciTech Connect

Web services are starting to be widely used in applications for remotely accessing data. This is of special interest for research based on small and medium scale fusion devices, since scientists participating remotely to experiments are accessing large amounts of data over the Internet. Recent tests were conducted to see how the new network traffic, generated by the use of web services, can be integrated in the existing infrastructure and what would be the impact over existing applications, especially those used in a remote participation scenario.

Pais, V. F.; Stancalie, V.; Mihailescu, F. A.; Totolici, M. C. [National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Lasers Department Str. Atomistilor, 409, PO Box MG-36, 077125, Magurele, Romania Association EURATOM/MEdC (Romania)

2008-04-07

205

A Unified Approach to Personalization Based on Probabilistic Latent Semantic Models of Web Usage and Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web usage mining techniques, such as cluster- ing of user sessions, are often used to identify Web user access patterns. However, to under- stand the factors that lead to common naviga- tional patterns, it is necessary to develop tech- niques that can automatically characterize users' navigational tasks and intentions. Such a char- acterization must be based both on the common

Xin Jin; Yanzan Zhou; Bamshad Mobasher

2004-01-01

206

Designing learning systems to provide accessible services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for providing learners with web-based learning content that match their accessibility needs and preferences, as well as providing ways to match learning content to user's devices has been identified as an important issue in accessible educational hypermedia literature. Several initiatives already exist trying to provide accessible web-based learning environments addressing a broad range of access needs and requirements.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2005-01-01

207

Automated classification of A\\/E\\/C web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of useful information available on the web for A\\/E\\/C professionals increases in- exorably. Numerous search engines allow users to identify potentially useful information in this vast resource, though the majority of these systems work purely on the search terms entered by the user. This means that the web pages which are found are often not as relevant to

R. Amor; K. Xu

208

Access tube devices to monitor soil water content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Neutron Probe is considered to be one of the best indirect measurement-systems to obtain the soil water content. However, due to health problems and new measuring-techniques, other measurement systems have been developed and placed on the market. The IAEA in special tried hard to find alternatives to the radioactive measurement-techniques. Consequently, the IAEA in co-operation with institutes from Australia, France, Austria, and the USA compared the TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) and the FDR (Frequency Domain Reflectometry) to the radioactive Neutron Probe. During the period from June 2000 to May 2002 those three measurement-systems were tested in practice at three locations in Lower Austria (sandy, loamy, and clay soil conditions) by the Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water-Management (University of Agricultural Sciences, Vienna). The used equipment consisted of access tube devices TRIME (TDR), DIVINER 2000 (FDR), and SOLO 40 (radioactive). Once a week, measurements of soil water content were taken every 10 cm down to a depth of 1 m with three replications each. In the course of this experiment, all systems were field-calibrated and compared to standard-calibration. Concerning the practical utilisation the Diviner by Sentek is best to handle. After comparing those three systems for more than two years, the FDR-method has proved to be better in results and handling than TDR. The availability of appropriate measurement systems to determine the soil water content is a basic prerequisite for further descriptions of subsurface flow and solute transport process as well as for agricultural aspects.

Cepuder, P.

2003-04-01

209

The Content and Accessibility of Sex Education Information on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this studywas to describe Web sites with sex education material and assess the accessibility of specific information on the Internet. First, the authors conducted a review of Web sites using specific sex education keywords. Second, 27 undergraduate students were asked to locate information on proper condom use and sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms. The time, number of

Meghan Smith; Emily Gertz; Sarah Alvarez; Peter Lurie

2000-01-01

210

BioIMAX: A Web 2.0 approach for easy exploratory and collaborative access to multivariate bioimage data  

PubMed Central

Background Innovations in biological and biomedical imaging produce complex high-content and multivariate image data. For decision-making and generation of hypotheses, scientists need novel information technology tools that enable them to visually explore and analyze the data and to discuss and communicate results or findings with collaborating experts from various places. Results In this paper, we present a novel Web2.0 approach, BioIMAX, for the collaborative exploration and analysis of multivariate image data by combining the webs collaboration and distribution architecture with the interface interactivity and computation power of desktop applications, recently called rich internet application. Conclusions BioIMAX allows scientists to discuss and share data or results with collaborating experts and to visualize, annotate, and explore multivariate image data within one web-based platform from any location via a standard web browser requiring only a username and a password. BioIMAX can be accessed at http://ani.cebitec.uni-bielefeld.de/BioIMAX with the username "test" and the password "test1" for testing purposes. PMID:21777450

2011-01-01

211

Automated Construction of Web Accessibility Models from Transaction Click-streams  

E-print Network

Automated Construction of Web Accessibility Models from Transaction Click-streams Jalal Mahmud. In this paper we present a fully automated process that syner- gistically combines several techniques H.3.3 [Information Systems]: Search and Retrieval; H.5.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation

Ramakrishnan, C. R.

212

Breaking and Fixing Origin-Based Access Control in Hybrid Web/Mobile Application Frameworks  

E-print Network

protected by the same origin policy. This opens the door to fracking attacks, which allow foreign-origin Web and directly access device resources. Fracking vulnerabilities are generic: they affect all hybrid frameworks are deployed. We study the prevalence of fracking vulnerabilities in free Android apps based on the Phone

Shmatikov, Vitaly

213

Heterogeneous Data Source Access in Web Applications Using Intelligent Mobile Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we provide solution to improve the heterogeneous data source access in web application using the emerging intelligent mobile agent technology. Intelligent Mobile agents are the basis of an emerging technology that promises to make it very much easier to design, implement, and maintain network system. We found that mobile agents reduce network traffic, provide an effective mans

A. Martin; J. Madhusudhanan; P. SivaKumar; V. Jothi PremSanker

2007-01-01

214

Factors influencing web accessibility of big listed firms: an international study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose This paper aims to identify the factors influencing the implementation of web accessibility. Design\\/methodology\\/approach Following the theoretical framework three hypotheses were developed. The database consisted of 108 non-financial firms listed in the Dow Jones Industrial, CAC-40, DAX and IBEX35 indexes. A multivariate regression equation was used to test the hypotheses. Findings Reasons for the implementation of

Javier de Andrs; Pedro Lorca; Ana B. Martnez

2010-01-01

215

ALFREDthe ALlele FREquency Database ALFRED is a free, web-accessible, curated compilation of allele frequency  

E-print Network

ALFREDthe ALlele FREquency Database ALFRED is a free, web-accessible, curated compilation of allele publication or source as well as to molecular and ethnographic databases. ALFRED is supported by a grant from position Populations by geographic region Versatile Keyword search Published SNP and STRP sets of forensic

Lee, Daeyeol

216

Computer and World Wide Web Accessibility by Visually Disabled Patients: Problems and Solutions  

E-print Network

Computer and World Wide Web Accessibility by Visually Disabled Patients: Problems and Solutions,5 , MD, PhD 1 Department of Ophthalmology Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York, New York 2 Department of Biomedical Informatics Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Kaiser, Gail E.

217

EDITORIAL Open Access Web GIS in practice X: a Microsoft Kinect natural  

E-print Network

EDITORIAL Open Access Web GIS in practice X: a Microsoft Kinect natural user interface for Google such as Microsoft Kinect and ASUS Xtion to provide a natural user interface (NUI) for controlling 3-D (three. The paper introduces the Microsoft Kinect device, briefly describing how it works (the underlying technology

Gutierrez-Osuna, Ricardo

218

Quantifying and Resolving Remote Memory Access Contention on Hardware DSM Multiprocessors  

E-print Network

Quantifying and Resolving Remote Memory Access Contention on Hardware DSM Multiprocessors Dimitrios contributions: It pro- poses a new methodology for quantifying remote memory access contention on hardware DSM each DSM node to each page in memory. A trace of the memory accesses of the pro- gram obtained

Nikolopoulos, Dimitris

219

Characterizing Web Spam Using Content and HTTP Session Analysis  

E-print Network

categories of web spam: Ad Farms, Parked Domains, Advertisements, Pornography, and Redi- rection. The Ad specific products and services, and the pages in the Pornography category are pornographic in nature

Caverlee, James

220

Engaging with 'Web 2.0' technologies: Implementing enterprise content management at Bond University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phrase Web 2.0 has been used as a popular label to describe web technologies with a focus on collaboration, interactivity, user-created content, information and knowledge sharing, and social connections. It indicates a transformation of the web environment from a one-way information delivery tool, to a multi-way information sharing platform. Its popularity as a catch-phrase has spawned other terms such

Peta J Hopkins

2009-01-01

221

P a g e | 1 Moodle: How to upload content web links  

E-print Network

to add a web link is to go to "Add a resource" dropdown list: then select URL On the "Adding a new URL. In the External URL text box of the Content section, enter the full address for the web site, including the text the web address, then "copy and paste" it into the External URL text box on the Moodle Adding a new URL

Brierley, Andrew

222

TRAC FBI Web Site: Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transactional Records Clearinghouse at Syracuse University, a widely respected independent and non-partisan "data gathering, data research and data distribution organization," has done it again. TRAC's new FBI site is unparalleled for the amount of information it offers on one of the least monitored federal agencies. After free registration, users can access over 23,000 pages of information, including numerous tables, maps, and graphs. Findings and data graphics on the FBI are divided into five sections: Key Findings, FBI national Profile and Enforcement Trends Over Time, White Collar Counts, FBI at Work, and District Enforcement. The site also directs users to the text of criminal statutes enforced by the FBI and the sources for the data, including descriptions of strengths and weaknesses. This site demonstrates how technology and the Freedom of Information Act can be combined to provide citizens with highly-detailed but easy to acess information about their government.

Burnham, David.; Long, Susan.

1997-01-01

223

29.01.99.M0.01 Web Accessibility and Usability Procedures Page 1 of 5 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

to persons with disabilities. Accessibility: Web design criteria which support access that is not dependent on a single sense or ability, such as vision or hearing. IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force. ITRM: Office/or for, or funded Web site connected to the Internet, including the home page and any key public entry

224

Cloud-based Web Services for Near-Real-Time Web access to NPP Satellite Imagery and other Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are building a scalable, cloud computing-based infrastructure for Web access to near-real-time data products synthesized from the U.S. National Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project (NPP) and other geospatial and meteorological data. Given recent and ongoing changes in the the NPP and NPOESS programs (now Joint Polar Satellite System), the need for timely delivery of NPP data is urgent. We propose an alternative to a traditional, centralized ground segment, using distributed Direct Broadcast facilities linked to industry-standard Web services by a streamlined processing chain running in a scalable cloud computing environment. Our processing chain, currently implemented on Amazon.com's Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), retrieves raw data from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and synthesizes data products such as Sea-Surface Temperature, Vegetation Indices, etc. The cloud computing approach lets us grow and shrink computing resources to meet large and rapid fluctuations (twice daily) in both end-user demand and data availability from polar-orbiting sensors. Early prototypes have delivered various data products to end-users with latencies between 6 and 32 minutes. We have begun to replicate machine instances in the cloud, so as to reduce latency and maintain near-real time data access regardless of increased data input rates or user demand -- all at quite moderate monthly costs. Our service-based approach (in which users invoke software processes on a Web-accessible server) facilitates access into datasets of arbitrary size and resolution, and allows users to request and receive tailored and composite (e.g., false-color multiband) products on demand. To facilitate broad impact and adoption of our technology, we have emphasized open, industry-standard software interfaces and open source software. Through our work, we envision the widespread establishment of similar, derived, or interoperable systems for processing and serving near-real-time data from NPP and other sensors. A scalable architecture based on cloud computing ensures cost-effective, real-time processing and delivery of NPP and other data. Access via standard Web services maximizes its interoperability and usefulness.

Evans, J. D.; Valente, E. G.

2010-12-01

225

Food marketing on popular children's web sites: a content analysis.  

PubMed

In 2006 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that food marketing was a contributor to childhood obesity in the United States. One recommendation of the IOM committee was for research on newer marketing venues, such as Internet Web sites. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to answer the IOM's call by examining food marketing on popular children's Web sites. Ten Web sites were selected based on market research conducted by KidSay, which identified favorite sites of children aged 8 to 11 years during February 2005. Using a standardized coding form, these sites were examined page by page for the existence, type, and features of food marketing. Web sites were compared using chi2 analyses. Although food marketing was not pervasive on the majority of the sites, seven of the 10 Web sites contained food marketing. The products marketed were primarily candy, cereal, quick serve restaurants, and snacks. Candystand.com, a food product site, contained a significantly greater amount of food marketing than the other popular children's Web sites. Because the foods marketed to children are not consistent with a healthful diet, nutrition professionals should consider joining advocacy groups to pressure industry to reduce online food marketing directed at youth. PMID:18375231

Alvy, Lisa M; Calvert, Sandra L

2008-04-01

226

Content Aggregation Middleware (CAM) for Fast Development of High Performance Web Syndication  

E-print Network

Content Aggregation Middleware (CAM) for Fast Development of High Performance Web Syndication. In this paper, we propose the Content Aggregation Middleware (CAM). It pro- vides a WSS with a content gathering substratum effective in gathering and processing data from many different source sites. Using the CAM, WSS

227

LINKING RELATED CONTENT IN WEB ENCYCLOPEDIAS WITH SEARCH QUERY TAG CLOUDS  

E-print Network

LINKING RELATED CONTENT IN WEB ENCYCLOPEDIAS WITH SEARCH QUERY TAG CLOUDS Christoph Trattner related resources in Web encyclopedias called QueryCloud. Typically, users come to an encyclopedia from encyclopedia systems, we introduce a tool called QueryCloud. The tool combines two promising approaches ­ tag

Hammerton, James

228

The Web as an Information Source on Informetrics? A Content Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the potential of the World Wide Web as an information and bibliographic source for scientists. Analyzes through content analysis the Web pages retrieved by the major search engines on a particular date as a result of a query regarding informetrics, and compares results to data retrieved from commercial databases. (Author/LRW)

Bar-Ilan, Judit

2000-01-01

229

Integrity and access control in untrusted content distribution networks  

E-print Network

A content distribution network (CDN) makes a publisher's content highly available to readers through replication on remote computers. Content stored on untrusted servers is susceptible to attack, but a reader should have ...

Fu, Kevin E. (Kevin Edward), 1976-

2005-01-01

230

TopicSelect: a platform for automated publications of web content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The popularity of tablets in recent years has given rise to a new style of presenting web content, one that mimics the appearance of print magazines. We present a pipeline which automatically harvests and reformats web content from arbitrary sources into a paginated multi-column form and deliver the publication to the reader via print or mobile. We are working to integrate this pipeline into HP's Scheduled Delivery program.

Liu, Jerry; Zhang, Yu; Wu, Xiao-Wei; Ahmadullin, Ildus

2013-03-01

231

EntrezAJAX: direct web browser access to the Entrez Programming Utilities  

PubMed Central

Web applications for biology and medicine often need to integrate data from Entrez services provided by the National Center for Biotechnology Information. However, direct access to Entrez from a web browser is not possible due to 'same-origin' security restrictions. The use of "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML" (AJAX) to create rich, interactive web applications is now commonplace. The ability to access Entrez via AJAX would be advantageous in the creation of integrated biomedical web resources. We describe EntrezAJAX, which provides access to Entrez eUtils and is able to circumvent same-origin browser restrictions. EntrezAJAX is easily implemented by JavaScript developers and provides identical functionality as Entrez eUtils as well as enhanced functionality to ease development. We provide easy-to-understand developer examples written in JavaScript to illustrate potential uses of this service. For the purposes of speed, reliability and scalability, EntrezAJAX has been deployed on Google App Engine, a freely available cloud service. The EntrezAJAX webpage is located at http://entrezajax.appspot.com/ PMID:20565938

2010-01-01

232

An integrated web environment for fast access and easy management of a synchrotron beam line  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tired of all the time spent on the phone or sending emails to schedule beam time? Why not make your own schedule when it is convenient to you? The integrated web environment at the NIGMS East Coast Structural Biology Research Facility allows users to schedule their own beam time as if they were making travel arrangements and provides staff with a set of toolkits for management of routine tasks. These unique features are accessible through the MediaWiki-powered home pages. Here we describe the main features of this web environment that have shown to allow for an efficient and effective interaction between the users and the facility.

Qian, Kun; Stojanoff, Vivian

2007-11-01

233

Scalable and Decentralized Content-Aware Dispatching in Web Clusters  

E-print Network

to achieve the balance between the load shar- ing and the cache affinity property. Locality-Aware re- quest distribution (LARD) [1] and HACC [2] are the most popular content-aware approaches. Compare to the content request must pass through the whole TCP/IP protocol stack. Thus, content-aware approach is not scal- able

Bhuyan, Laxmi N.

234

University Marketing Communications UMC Web Site Maintenance Service  

E-print Network

University Marketing Communications UMC Web Site Maintenance Service Overview Content management and ongoing Web site maintenance is an essential part of any Web project plan. When developing a new Web site in Web maintenance activities. Benefits Our Web maintenance service gives you ongoing access to our group

Sibille, Etienne

235

WS-CDSP: A Novel Web Services-Based Content Delivery Service Peering Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, faced with heterogeneous, isolated content service systems, people require peering or allied content services. Firstly, we analyze some existing content service hybrid schemes, such as CDN over P2P Architecture and Peering of CDN Architecture. Based on problem statement, we propose A Novel Web Services-based Content Delivery Service Peering Scheme (WS-CDSP), and we describe scheme architecture design, which support multiple-to-multiple

Lv Zhihui; Jie Wu; Chuan Xiao; Weiming Fu; Yiping Zhong

2009-01-01

236

CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao Liu  

E-print Network

CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao: Deep Web, Deep Web Surfacing, Minimum Executable Pattern, Adaptive Query Abstract: This paper proposes-based Deep Web adaptive query method. The query method extends query interface from single textbox to MEP set

Shamos, Michael I.

237

Facilitating Scientific Collaboration and Education with Easy Access Web Maps Using the AGAP Antarctic Geophysical Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science and science education benefit from easy access to data yet often geophysical data sets are large, complex and difficult to share. The difficulty in sharing data and imagery easily inhibits both collaboration and the use of real data in educational applications. The dissemination of data products through web maps serves a very efficient and user-friendly method for students, the public and the science community to gain insights and understanding from data. Few research groups provide direct access to their data, let alone map-based visualizations. By building upon current GIS infrastructure with web mapping technologies, like ArcGIS Server, scientific groups, institutions and agencies can enhance the value of their GIS investments. The advantages of web maps to serve data products are many; existing web-mapping technology allows complex GIS analysis to be shared across the Internet, and can be easily scaled from a few users to millions. This poster highlights the features of an interactive web map developed at the Polar Geophysics Group at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University that provides a visual representation of, and access to, data products that resulted from the group's recently concluded AGAP project (http://pgg.ldeo.columbia.edu). The AGAP project collected more than 120,000 line km of new aerogeophysical data using two Twin Otter aircrafts. Data included ice penetrating radar, magnetometer, gravimeter and laser altimeter measurements. The web map is based upon ArcGIS Viewer for Flex, which is a configurable client application built on the ArcGIS API for Flex that works seamlessly with ArcGIS Server 10. The application can serve a variety of raster and vector file formats through the Data Interoperability for Server, which eliminates data sharing barriers across numerous file formats. The ability of the application to serve large datasets is only hindered by the availability of appropriate hardware. ArcGIS is a proprietary product, but there are a few data portals in the earth sciences that have a map interface using open access products such as MapServer and OpenLayers, the most notable being the NASA IceBridge Data Portal. Indeed, with the widespread availability of web mapping technology, the scientific community should advance towards this direction when disseminating their data.

Abdi, A.

2012-12-01

238

Enhancing Independent Internet Access for Individuals with Mental Retardation through Use of a Specialized Web Browser: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to burgeoning information and recreation sources available on the Internet and World Wide Web for individuals with mental retardation has been hindered by numerous factors, including limited opportunities for individuals with mental retardation to use computers, lack of appropriate and cognitively accessible Internet-access software, and barriers to computer use associated with the complexity of operating systems and amount of

Daniel K. Davies; Steven E. Stock; Michael L. Wehmeyer

2001-01-01

239

World Wide Webs: Crossing the Digital Divide through Promotion of Public Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As Bill Gates and Steve Case proclaim the global omnipresence of the Internet, the majority of non-Western nations and 97 per cent of the world's population remain unconnected to the net for lack of money, access, or knowledge. This exclusion of so vast a share of the global population from the Internet sharply contradicts the claims of those who posit the World Wide Web as a universal' medium of egalitarian communication. (Trend 2001:2)

Coetzee, Liezl

240

The transition to web-based education: enhancing access to graduate education for women's health providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nurse-midwives and women's health nurse practitioners have a long history as positive change agents in health care as well as education. This article chronicles the transition of a traditional face-to-face nurse-midwife and women's health nurse practitioner graduate curriculum to a Web-based format with campus seminars and clinical laboratories. This change was made to increase access to these graduate programs. A

Melissa D. Avery; Debbie Ringdahl; Catherine Juve; Peg Plumbo

2003-01-01

241

Developing Web-Based, Pedagogical Content Coursework for High School Chemistry Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the creation and delivery of Web-based content courses stressing content integration for high school chemistry teachers. We make recommendations to other chemical educators seeking to develop instructional systems that emphasize automatic, repeatable, practice with immediate, performance-related feedback.

Brooks, David W.; Markwell, John P.; Langell, Marjorie A.; Emry, Randall; Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, Helen B.; Abuloum, Amjad; Cohen, Karen C.

2007-11-01

242

Dynamic Dissemination of Personalized Content on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online audience for newspapers continues to grow in both numbers and sophistication. However, most online newspapers still offer all users the same content and fail to raise an individual user's satisfaction and to increase revenue for an online newspaper company. The Dynamic Dissemination of Digital Information (DDDI) system developed here provides personalized online content based on a user's preference.

Sung Ho Ha; Jang Hee Lee

2009-01-01

243

Web Based Access to Real-Time Meteorological Products Optimized for PDA- Smartphones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in wireless broadband services and coverage have made access to the internet possible in remote locations. Users can now access the web via an ever increasing number of small, handheld devices specifically designed to allow voice and data exchange using this expanding service. So called PDA phones or smartphones blend the features of traditional PDA devices with telecommunications capabilities. The University of Wisconsin - Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) has produced a web site holding a variety of meteorological image and text displays optimized for this new technology. The site features animations of real-time radar and satellite clouds with value added graphical overlays of severe watches and warnings. Products focus on remotely sensed information supplemented with conventional ground observations. The PDA Animated Weather (PAW) website has rapidly been adopted by numerous institutions and individuals desiring access to real-time meteorological information independent of their location. Of particular note are users that can be classified as first responders, including foreign and domestic based police and file departments. This paper offers an overview of the PAW project including product design, automated production and web presentation. Numerous examples of user applications will be presented, planned future products and functionality will be discussed.

Dengel, R. C.; Bellon, W.; Robaidek, J.

2006-05-01

244

Increasing access to terrestrial ecology and remote sensing (MODIS) data through Web services and visualization tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years user access to data and information is increasingly handled through tools, services, and applications. Standards-based services have facilitated this development. These service-based methods to access data has boosted the use of data and in increasingly complex ways. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC) has taken the approach of service-based access to data and visualization for distribution and visualization of its terrestrial ecology data, including MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) remote sensing data products. The MODIS data products are highly useful for field research. The spectral, spatial and temporal characteristics of MODIS products have made them an important data source for analyzing key science questions relating to Earth system processes at multiple spatial and temporal scales. However, MODIS data volume and the complexity in data format make it less usable in some cases. To solve this usability issue, the ORNL DAAC has developed a system that prepares and distributes subsets of selected MODIS land products in a scale and format useful for field researchers. Web and Web service tools provide MODIS subsets in comma-delimited text format and in GIS compatible GeoTIFF format. Users can download and visualize MODIS subsets for a set of pre-defined locations, order MODIS subsets for any land location or automate the process of subset extraction using a SOAP-based Web service. The MODIS tools and services can be extended to support the large volume of data that would be produced by the various decadal survey missions. http://daac.ornl.gov/MODIS . The ORNL DAAC has also created a Web-based Spatial Data Access Tool (SDAT) that enables users to browse, visualize, and download a wide variety of geospatial data in various user-selected spatial/temporal extents, formats, and projections. SDAT is based on Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web service standards that allows users to customize and download data. Users can also visualize the data in Google Earth, explore the metadata, or embed dynamic maps served through SDAT in their custom applications. http://daac.ornl.gov/spatial_data_access.shtml .

Santhana Vannan, S.; Cook, R. B.; Wei, Y.

2012-12-01

245

Social Semantic Web at Work: Annotating and Grouping Social Media Content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Common social tagging systems like Flickr, Delicious and others lately became very popular. The key benefits of these systems include that users can easily annotate Web content and benefit from the annotations of other users with improved retrieval support. With GroupMe! we extend the idea of current social tagging systems by enabling users to not only tag Web resources they are interested in, but also to create collections (groups) of these Web resources by simple drag & drop operations. The grouping metaphor is intuitive and easy for the users, and our evaluation shows that users appreciate the grouping facility, and use this feature to organize and structure diverse Web content. Technically, the grouping of resources carries valuable information about Web resources and their relations. GroupMe! exploits such information to improve search and retrieval. The RESTful Semantic Web interface of GroupMe! enables also other applications to benefit from the GroupMe! features and makes GroupMe! a Social Semantic Web application.

Abel, Fabian; Henze, Nicola; Krause, Daniel

246

A Robust Linguistic Platform for Efficient and Domain specific Web Content Analysis  

E-print Network

large collections of documents and to enrich them with semantic annotations. This paper focuses.B. Clément F-93430 Villetaneuse, France firstname.name@lipn.univ-paris13.fr Abstract Web semantic access in specific domains calls for specialized search engines with enhanced semantic querying and indexing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

Updated 10/18/2012 Step 1 To access online grading, point your browser at the CAESAR Web site,  

E-print Network

Updated 10/18/2012 Step 1 To access online grading, point your browser at the CAESAR Web site, http Menu. Note: To ensure account security, Sign out and quit your browser when you finish. Step 2 Click are finished entering grades. For more information, please refer to the Office of the Registrar web site: http

Shahriar, Selim

248

Updated 10/18/2012 Step 1 To access online grading, point your browser at the CAESAR Web site,  

E-print Network

Updated 10/18/2012 Step 1 To access online grading, point your browser at the CAESAR Web site, http Menu. Note: To ensure account security, Sign out and quit your browser when you finish. Step 2 Click information, please refer to the Office of the Registrar web site: http

Shahriar, Selim

249

Content Consumption and Hierarchical Structures of Web-Supported Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents an empirical investigation of the relationship between the hierarchical structure of content delivered to students within a Learning Management System (LMS) and its actual consumption. To this end, campus-wide data relating to 1,203 courses were collected from the LMS' servers and were subsequently analyzed using data

Hershkovitz, Arnon; Hardof-Jaffe, Sharon; Nachmias, Rafi

2014-01-01

250

Sanjeevini: a freely accessible web-server for target directed lead molecule discovery  

PubMed Central

Background Computational methods utilizing the structural and functional information help to understand specific molecular recognition events between the target biomolecule and candidate hits and make it possible to design improved lead molecules for the target. Results Sanjeevini represents a massive on-going scientific endeavor to provide to the user, a freely accessible state of the art software suite for protein and DNA targeted lead molecule discovery. It builds in several features, including automated detection of active sites, scanning against a million compound library for identifying hit molecules, all atom based docking and scoring and various other utilities to design molecules with desired affinity and specificity against biomolecular targets. Each of the modules is thoroughly validated on a large dataset of protein/DNA drug targets. Conclusions The article presents Sanjeevini, a freely accessible user friendly web-server, to aid in drug discovery. It is implemented on a tera flop cluster and made accessible via a web-interface at http://www.scfbio-iitd.res.in/sanjeevini/sanjeevini.jsp. A brief description of various modules, their scientific basis, validation, and how to use the server to develop in silico suggestions of lead molecules is provided. PMID:23282245

2012-01-01

251

Order of Access to Semantic Content and Self Schema.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-referenced content is generally remembered better and faster than information encoded in other ways. To examine how self-relevant information is organized in memory, three experiments were conducted, comparing the effects of target-first or word-first methodology. In the target-first condition, subjects (N=15) saw one of the two questions,

Mueller, John H.; And Others

252

Accessibility and Use of Web-Based Electronic Resources by Physicians in a Psychiatric Institution in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to examine the accessibility and use of web-based electronic databases on the Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI) portal by physicians in the Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro--a psychiatry health institution in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: Collection of data was through the use of a three-part

Oduwole, Adebambo Adewale; Oyewumi, Olatundun

2010-01-01

253

Making It Work for Everyone: HTML5 and CSS Level 3 for Responsive, Accessible Design on Your Library's Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that accessibility and universality are essential to good Web design. A brief review of library science literature sets the issue of Web accessibility in context. The bulk of the article explains the design philosophies of progressive enhancement and responsive Web design, and summarizes recent updates to WCAG 2.0, HTML5, CSS

Baker, Stewart C.

2014-01-01

254

Adding Content-based 3D Model retrieval to semantic web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of adding content-based 3d model retrieval to semantic web is to develop a rich set of 3d model semantic representation to enable both humans and machines to generate and understand model descriptions and processing which can be used to enable fast efficient retrieval from model collections. The purpose of Ontology for Content-based 3d Model retrieval is intended to

Huang Shiguo; Zhou Mingquan; Geng Guohua; Ning Zhengyuan; Wang Kegang

2008-01-01

255

TODWEB: training-less ontology based deep web source classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, deep web comprises of a large part of web contents. Because of this large volume of data, the technologies related to deep web have gained larger attention in recent years. Deep web mostly comprises of online domain specific databases, which are accessed by using web query interfaces. These highly relevant domain specific databases are more suitable for satisfying the

Umara Noor; Zahid Rashid; Azhar Rauf

2011-01-01

256

Distributed content-aware request distribution in cluster-based Web servers  

Microsoft Academic Search

While content-aware distribution policies getting more popular in cluster-based Web systems, they make the dispatching node a bottleneck. To achieve scalable server performance, we present a completely distributed architecture in which all hosts participate in request dispatching. To cope with the architecture, we propose a distributed dispatching policy named DWARD. With DWARD, all the server nodes may participate in request

Du Zeng-Kai; Ju Jiu-Bin

2003-01-01

257

Bridging content's quality between the participative web and the physical world  

Microsoft Academic Search

web 2.0 and its applications spread widely among internet users. Taking advantage of the easy, the friendly and the rich user interfaces. As consequence, the creation and the production of content become available to anyone. The ordinary user has step forward toward being a producer rather than remaining passive consumer. With this usage shifting, a new concern emerged: the quality

Anouar Abtoy; Noura Aknin; Boubker Sbihi; Ahmed El Moussaoui; Kamal Eddine El Kadiri

2012-01-01

258

Authoring and Linking of Highly Interactive Content within Web-based Courseware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sophisticated Web-based courseware typi- cally includes highly interactive elements like interac- tive illustrations or a virtual laboratory together with cooperative tools. The intention is to support active engagement with the teaching content and to educe intuitive understanding by experimentation. However, developing a greater pool of complex experi- ments or simulations is expensive, even if we base on a toolkit with

Frank Hanisch

2002-01-01

259

Your access to OECD data & analysis Access content via 3 main methods  

E-print Network

Factbook. · GLOSSARIES for OECD reference and glossary publications. 2 Enter some terms into the SEARCH.oecd-ilibrary.org August 2010 #12;Quick Search Enter some terms into the quick SEARCH field to find related content will not search full-text content ­ see Advanced Search. Advanced Search Enter one term or more into the Option

Viglas, Anastasios

260

Content-based Access to EHRs Providing evaluation infrastructure in support of text  

E-print Network

Content-based Access to EHRs Providing evaluation infrastructure in support of text processing is a fundamental usage requirement for electronic health record management systems. Today's systems provide access with many non-word terms including abbreviations, measurements, symbols, and the like. · The notations

261

Registered nurses' thoughts on blended learning in a postgraduate course in cancer care--content analyses of web surveys and a focus group interview.  

PubMed

Purpose of the research was to describe registered nurses' (RNs) (n?=?53) thoughts on the blended learning format in a 'specialist nursing programme in cancer care'. The study was conducted in autumn 2007 and 2008. A content analysis of answers to open-ended questions in a web-based questionnaire and a focus group interview were carried out. The analysis revealed that the RNs appreciated blended learning. The web lectures facilitated learning and gave RNs access to the education at any time. However, according to the RNs, knowledge is gained through interaction between RNs and teachers, and this aspect needed to be improved. The RNs also thought that the content of the seminars on campus should focus on evidence-based nursing knowledge and practical skills, not just taught as stable facts and procedures. The result from the present study could help to improve the design and content of advanced nursing courses using a blended learning format. PMID:24338502

Arving, Cecilia; Wadensten, Barbro; Johansson, Birgitta

2014-06-01

262

Web Site Projects Evaluation: A Case Study of Romanian Faculties of Economics Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, an evaluation of web sites regarded like projects is discussed. We give an overview of the Web Assessment Index (WAI), by presenting a web sites of Romanian Faculties of Economics case study. The WAI contains five categories: accessibility, access speed, navigability, content and reliability. We analyzed and presented a detailed

vultur, Sidonia Otilia; Marincas, Delia Adriana

2007-01-01

263

A Model for Beliefs, Tool Acceptance Levels and Web Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Science and Technology Preservice Teachers towards Web Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the applications applied most nowadays is web based instruction (WBI). Although there are many studies on WBI, no study which researched the relations between beliefs for WBI, WBI tools acceptance levels and web pedagogical content knowledge (WPCK) of science and technology pre-service teachers was found among these studies. The aim of this

Horzum, Mehmet Baris; Canan Gungoren, Ozlem

2012-01-01

264

Rainbow: A Wireless Medium Access Control Using Network Coding for Multi-hop Content Distribution  

E-print Network

Rainbow: A Wireless Medium Access Control Using Network Coding for Multi-hop Content Distribution- mance. In this paper, we present Rainbow, a content dis- tribution protocol for multi-hop wireless ad an efficient implementation of Rainbow based on network coding. Specifically, Rainbow uses a MAC priority

Kung, H. T.

265

Deep Web Data Mining  

E-print Network

World Wide Web (WWW) is broadly divided into two categories: one is Surface web that contains 1 % of information content of the web and is crawlable by traditional search engines (like Google, Alta vista etc.) and second is deep web ( or Hidden Web) that contains 99 % of information content of the web. Most of this information is contained in the databases and is not indexed by search engines. As the Deep web information is buried deep inside the databases and hidden behind the search query forms, this information can only be accessed by interacting with these forms. This paper proposes a novel technique to interact with search forms and extract Deep web data using query building strategy.

unknown authors

266

Using the Web Infrastructure for Just-In-Time Recovery of Missing Web Pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet provides access to a great number of web sites, but the structure of the web is constantly changing. Missing web pages remain a pervasive problem that users experience every day. This dissertation is about creating a method to overcome this problem by automatically mapping between Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) and textual content of web pages using lexical signatures

Martin Klein

267

From Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 and Beyond: Is the Web Becoming More Accessible for People with Visual Impairments?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past five years, many dramatic changes have occurred on the Web. New services have been announced, new interfaces have been developed and the Web is approaching to be the new platform for many applications. Wikis, RSS feeds, Blogs to name just a few, are dubs of new Web applications (also know as Web 2.0) that sighted people are

Hend S. Al-khalifa; Abdulmalik S. Al-salman

2006-01-01

268

The NORM technology connection web site : streamlined access to NORM-related service company and regulatory information.  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory has developed an Internet web site providing access to critical information needed to support decisions on the management and disposal of wastes containing naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). The NORM Technology Connection web site provides current information on (1) service companies that provide support on NORM issues (e.g., site characterization and remediation, sample analysis, radiation safety training, disposal) and (2) existing applicable NORM regulations and guidelines. A third element of the site is an electronic mail list that allows users to post or respond to questions about the management of NORM. Development of the NORM Technology Connection web site was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy. It is hosted and maintained by the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission. The web site is publicly available; access is free, as is participation by any of the service companies.

Smith, K. P.; Richmond, P.; LePoire, D. J.; Arnish, J. J.; Johnson, R.

2000-11-08

269

Secure web-based access to radiology: forms and databases for fast queries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently, Web-based access to mini-PACS or similar databases commonly utilizes either JavaScript, Java applets or ActiveX controls. Many sites do not permit applets or controls or other binary objects for fear of viruses or worms sent by malicious users. In addition, the typical CGI query mechanism requires several parameters to be sent with the http GET/POST request, which may identify the patient in some way; this in unacceptable for privacy protection. Also unacceptable are pages produced by server-side scripts which can be cached by the browser, since these may also contain sensitive information. We propose a simple mechanism for access to patient information, including images, which guarantees security of information, makes it impossible to bookmark the page, or to return to the page after some defined length of time. In addition, this mechanism is simple, therefore permitting rapid access without the need to initially download an interface such as an applet or control. In addition to image display, the design of the site allows the user to view and save movies of multi-phasic data, or to construct multi-frame datasets from entire series. These capabilities make the site attractive for research purposes such as teaching file preparation.

McColl, Roderick W.; Lane, Thomas J.

2002-05-01

270

Recent legislative changes affect the way we teach and provide service at Western. The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) has new requirements that came into effect as of January 1, 2014,  

E-print Network

are to be designed in an accessible format that conforms with the World Wide Web Consortium Web Content Accessibility websites or web content, ensure you design accessibly. To help you with this requirement, Western on their website, which can be found at: http://communications.uwo.ca/comms/web_design

Lennard, William N.

271

Apollo: Giving application developers a single point of access to public health models using structured vocabularies and Web services  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the Apollo Web Services and Apollo-SV, its related ontology. The Apollo Web Services give an end-user application a single point of access to multiple epidemic simulators. An end user can specify an analytic problemwhich we define as a configuration and a query of resultsexactly once and submit it to multiple epidemic simulators. The end user represents the analytic problem using a standard syntax and vocabulary, not the native languages of the simulators. We have demonstrated the feasibility of this design by implementing a set of Apollo services that provide access to two epidemic simulators and two visualizer services. PMID:24551417

Wagner, Michael M.; Levander, John D.; Brown, Shawn; Hogan, William R.; Millett, Nicholas; Hanna, Josh

2013-01-01

272

NXSensor web tool for evaluating DNA for nucleosome exclusion sequences and accessibility to binding factors.  

PubMed

Nucleosomes, a basic structural unit of eukaryotic chromatin, play a significant role in regulating gene expression. We have developed a web tool based on DNA sequences known from empirical and theoretical studies to influence DNA bending and flexibility, and to exclude nucleosomes. NXSensor (available at http://www.sfu.ca/~ibajic/NXSensor/) finds nucleosome exclusion sequences, evaluates their length and spacing, and computes an 'accessibility score' giving the proportion of base pairs likely to be nucleosome-free. Application of NXSensor to the promoter regions of housekeeping (HK) genes and those of tissue-specific (TS) genes revealed a significant difference between the two classes of gene, the former being significantly more open, on average, particularly near transcription start sites (TSSs). NXSensor should be a useful tool in assessing the likelihood of nucleosome formation in regions involved in gene regulation and other aspects of chromatin function. PMID:16845070

Luykx, Peter; Baji?, Ivan V; Khuri, Sawsan

2006-07-01

273

A Multiwave Web-based Evaluation of Cognitive Content Specificity for Depression, Anxiety, and Anger  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the cognitive content specificity hypothesis of Becks cognitive theory using a web based report of mood\\u000a and cognitions for that day completed once a week for 5weeks. The use of a multi-wave design and structural equation modeling\\u000a allowed for the separation of occasion-specific variability from over-time stability, thereby increasing sensitivity to the\\u000a relatively brief changes in negative

Phillip N. Smith; Gregory H. Mumma

2008-01-01

274

Analyzing terror campaigns on the internet: Technical sophistication, content richness, and Web interactivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terrorists and extremists are increasingly utilizing Internet technology to enhance their ability to influence the outside world. Due to the lack of multi-lingual and multimedia terrorist\\/extremist collections and advanced analytical methodologies, our empirical understanding of their Internet usage is still very limited. To address this research gap, we explore an integrated approach for identifying and collecting terrorist\\/extremist Web contents. We

Jialun Qin; Yilu Zhou; Edna Reid; Guanpi Laid; Hsinchun Chen

275

Analyzing terror campaigns on the internet: Technical sophistication, content richness, and Web interactivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Terrorists and extremists are increasingly utilizing Internet technology,to enhance,their ability to influence the outside world. Due to the lack of multi-lingual and multimedia terrorist\\/extremist collections and advanced analytical methodologies, our empirical understanding of their Internet usage is still very limited. To address this research gap, we explore an integrated approach for identifying and collecting terrorist\\/extremist Web contents. We also

Jialun Qin; Yilu Zhou; Edna Reid; Guanpi Lai; Hsinchun Chen

2007-01-01

276

The Live Access Server - A Web-Services Framework for Earth Science Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Live Access Server (LAS) is a general purpose Web-server for delivering services related to geo-science data sets. Data providers can use the LAS architecture to build custom Web interfaces to their scientific data. Users and client programs can then access the LAS site to search the provider's on-line data holdings, make plots of data, create sub-sets in a variety of formats, compare data sets and perform analysis on the data. The Live Access server software has continued to evolve by expanding the types of data (in-situ observations and curvilinear grids) it can serve and by taking advantages of advances in software infrastructure both in the earth sciences community (THREDDS, the GrADS Data Server, the Anagram framework and Java netCDF 2.2) and in the Web community (Java Servlet and the Apache Jakarta frameworks). This presentation will explore the continued evolution of the LAS architecture towards a complete Web-services-based framework. Additionally, we will discuss the redesign and modernization of some of the support tools available to LAS installers. Soon after the initial implementation, the LAS architecture was redesigned to separate the components that are responsible for the user interaction (the User Interface Server) from the components that are responsible for interacting with the data and producing the output requested by the user (the Product Server). During this redesign, we changed the implementation of the User Interface Server from CGI and JavaScript to the Java Servlet specification using Apache Jakarta Velocity backed by a database store for holding the user interface widget components. The User Interface server is now quite flexible and highly configurable because we modernized the components used for the implementation. Meanwhile, the implementation of the Product Server has remained a Perl CGI-based system. Clearly, the time has come to modernize this part of the LAS architecture. Before undertaking such a modernization it is important to understand what we hope to gain. Specifically we would like to make it even easier to add new output products into our core system based on the Ferret analysis and visualization package. By carefully factoring the tasks needed to create a product we will be able to create new products simply by adding a description of the product into the configuration and by writing the Ferret script needed to create the product. No code will need to be added to the Product Server to bring the new product on-line. The new architecture should be faster at extracting and processing configuration information needed to address each request. Finally, the new Product Server architecture should make it even easier to pass specialized configuration information to the Product Server to deal with unanticipated special data structures or processing requirements.

Schweitzer, R.; Hankin, S. C.; Callahan, J. S.; O'Brien, K.; Manke, A.; Wang, X. Y.

2005-12-01

277

Setting Access Permission through Transitive Relationship in Web-based Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rising popularity of various social networking websites has created a huge problem on Internet privacy. Although it is easy to post photos, comments, opinions on some events, etc. on the Web, some of these data (such as a persons location at a particular time, criticisms of a politician, etc.) are private and should not be accessed by unauthorized users. Although social networks facilitate sharing, the fear of sending sensitive data to a third party without knowledge or permission of the data owners discourages people from taking full advantage of some social networking applications. We exploit the existing relationships on social networks and build a trust network with transitive relationship to allow controlled data sharing so that the privacy and preferences of data owners are respected. The trust network linking private data owners, private data requesters, and intermediary users is a directed weighted graph. The permission value for each private data requester can be automatically assigned in this network based on the transitive relationship. Experiments were conducted to confirm the feasibility of constructing the trust network from existing social networks, and to assess the validity of permission value assignments in the query process. Since the data owners only need to define the access rights of their closest contacts once, this privacy scheme can make private data sharing easily manageable by social network participants.

Hong, Dan; Shen, Vincent Y.

278

Web-scale Content Reuse Detection (extended) USC/ISI Technical Report ISI-TR-692, June 2014  

E-print Network

the web to provide filler for advertisements, link farms, and spam and make a quick profit. Our insight of dollars in advertising. However, sometimes unscrupulous enti- ties repackage this content, wrapping recent examples of misleading reuse of content. Content farming repost copies of Wikipedia or discussion

Heidemann, John

279

A web accessible scientific workflow system for vadoze zone performance monitoring: design and implementation examples  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long term performance monitoring has been identified by DOE, DOD and EPA as one of the most challenging and costly elements of contaminated site remedial efforts. Such monitoring should provide timely and actionable information relevant to a multitude of stakeholder needs. This information should be obtained in a manner which is auditable, cost effective and transparent. Over the last several years INL staff has designed and implemented a web accessible scientific workflow system for environmental monitoring. This workflow environment integrates distributed, automated data acquisition from diverse sensors (geophysical, geochemical and hydrological) with server side data management and information visualization through flexible browser based data access tools. Component technologies include a rich browser-based client (using dynamic javascript and html/css) for data selection, a back-end server which uses PHP for data processing, user management, and result delivery, and third party applications which are invoked by the back-end using webservices. This system has been implemented and is operational for several sites, including the Ruby Gulch Waste Rock Repository (a capped mine waste rock dump on the Gilt Edge Mine Superfund Site), the INL Vadoze Zone Research Park and an alternative cover landfill. Implementations for other vadoze zone sites are currently in progress. These systems allow for autonomous performance monitoring through automated data analysis and report generation. This performance monitoring has allowed users to obtain insights into system dynamics, regulatory compliance and residence times of water. Our system uses modular components for data selection and graphing and WSDL compliant webservices for external functions such as statistical analyses and model invocations. Thus, implementing this system for novel sites and extending functionality (e.g. adding novel models) is relatively straightforward. As system access requires a standard webbrowser and uses intuitive functionality, stakeholders with diverse degrees of technical insight can use this system with little or no training.

Mattson, E.; Versteeg, R.; Ankeny, M.; Stormberg, G.

2005-12-01

280

SIGMA - SemantIc Government Mash-Up Application: Using Semantic Web Technologies to Provide Access to Governmental Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents SIGMA (Semantic Government Mash-up Application), a platform able to create mash-ups by providing access to open governmental data. The proposed solution is based on the existing semantic Web technologies (especially RDF and SPARQL) and uses public distributed endpoints conforming to the Linked Data initiative. Also, SIGMA allows creating and deployment of independent plugins, encouraging the developers to

Claudia Gheorghiu; Radu Nicolescu; Andrei Vasile Bogdan; Cristian Ochisor; Sabin C. Buraga; Lenuta Alboaie

2011-01-01

281

Developing an Understanding of the Nature of Accessibility and Usability Problems Blind Students Face in Web-Enhanced Instruction Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central premise of this research is that blind and visually impaired (BVI) people cannot use the Internet effectively due to accessibility and usability problems. Use of the Internet is indispensable in today's education system that relies on Web-enhanced instruction (WEI). Therefore, BVI students cannot participate effectively in WEI. Extant

Babu, Rakesh

2011-01-01

282

Personalized view-based search and visualization as a means for deep\\/semantic web data access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective access to and navigation in information stored in deep Web ontological repositories or relational databases has yet to be realized due to issues with usability of user interfaces and the overall scope and complexity of information as well as the nature of exploratory user tasks. We propose the integration and adaptation of novel navigation and visualization approaches to faceted

Michal Tvarozek; Mria Bielikov

2008-01-01

283

Tensions in Learning Content and Technology: The Experience of Education Students in a Web-Based Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little research on how a content-based teacher education course can embed effective training in the use of the World Wide Web to search for information and present learning outcomes. To address this gap, the present study documents the experience of 64 pre-service and in-service teachers who completed a web-based group project in an

Shi, Ling; Reeder, Ken; Slater, Tammy; Kristjansson, Carolyn

2004-01-01

284

Discursive Policy Webs in a Globalisation Era: A Discussion of Access to Professions and Trades for Immigrant Professionals in Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the link between discourse and policy using a discursive web metaphor. It develops the notion of policy as a discursive web based on a post-positivist framework that recognises the way multiple discourses from multiple voices interact in a complex web of power relationships to influence reality. Using Ontario's Access to

Goldberg, Michelle P.

2006-01-01

285

Addressing the Copyright Law Barrier in Higher Education Access-to-Clean-Content Technology in the 21st Century  

E-print Network

Addressing the Copyright Law Barrier in Higher Education ­ Access-to-Clean-Content Technology Center for Legal Informatics #12;SIPX: Addressing the Copyright Law Barrier in Higher Education ­ Access

Das, Rhiju

286

ClassMiner: Mining medical video content structure and events towards efficient access and scalable skimming  

Microsoft Academic Search

To achieve more efficient video indexing and access, we introduce a video content structure and event mining framework. A video shot segmentation and key-frame selection strategy are first utilized to parse the continuous video stream into physical units. Video shot grouping, group merging, and scene clustering schemes are then proposed to organize the video shots into a hierarchical structure using

Xingquan Zhu; Jianping Fan; Walid G. Arefa; Ahmed K. Elmagarmid

287

Open Access Available online http://arthritis-research.com/content/11/5/R157  

E-print Network

-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) treatment in rheumatoid arthritis patients, based on expert opinion. Methods NineOpen Access Available online http://arthritis-research.com/content/11/5/R157 Page 1 of 8 (page threshold for decision to maintain disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment unchanged in rheumatoid

288

Open Access Available online http://arthritis-research.com/content/7/1/R93  

E-print Network

Open Access Available online http://arthritis-research.com/content/7/1/R93 R93 Vol 7 No 1 Research Published: 16 Nov 2004 Arthritis Res Ther 2005, 7:R93-R100 (DOI 10.1186/ar1457)http://arthritis monocytes. We compared 10 healthy controls with 12 patients with SSc, first after interruption of treatment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Ecient access methods for content-based image retrieval with inverted les  

E-print Network

General Dufour, CH-1211 Geneve 4, Switzerland ABSTRACT As human factor studies over the last thirty yearsEcient access methods for content-based image retrieval with inverted #12;les Henning Muller, David have shown, response time is a very important factor for the usability of an interactive system

Genève, Université de

290

Go to the following link, which can only be accessed from the Berea College network http://ad-astra-web-vm/AstraProd/Portal/GuestPortal.aspx  

E-print Network

Go to the following link, which can only be accessed from the Berea College network http://ad-astra-web-vm/AstraProd/Portal/GuestPortal.aspx Or, out of network at http://ad-astra-web vm.berea.edu/AstraProd/Portal/GuestPortal.aspx You can also/buses are available: Go to the following link, which can only be accessed from the Berea College network http://ad-astra-web-vm/AstraProd/Portal/GuestPortal.aspx

Baltisberger, Jay H.

291

Information matching the content of visual working memory is prioritized for conscious access.  

PubMed

Visual working memory (VWM) is used to retain relevant information for imminent goal-directed behavior. In the experiments reported here, we found that VWM helps to prioritize relevant information that is not yet available for conscious experience. In five experiments, we demonstrated that information matching VWM content reaches visual awareness faster than does information not matching VWM content. Our findings suggest a functional link between VWM and visual awareness: The content of VWM is recruited to funnel down the vast amount of sensory input to that which is relevant for subsequent behavior and therefore requires conscious access. PMID:24121415

Gayet, Surya; Paffen, Chris L E; Van der Stigchel, Stefan

2013-12-01

292

Purpose and Features of Web-Based Open-Access Crystallographic Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Roughly 5,000 new crystal structures are added to the (approximately 104,000 entry) Inorganic Crystal Structure Database each year (see http://icsdweb.fiz-karlsruhe.de/index.php for an approximately 4,000 entry demonstration version). Other commercial crystallographic databases specialize in organics, metals and alloys, and ``non-organics'' including minerals. This presentation gives an overview over these databases and evaluates the potential of open-access databases such as the (approximately 68,000 entry) Crystallography Open Database (http://crystallography.net/) and Portland State University's (PSU's) Wiki Crystallography Database, Crystal Morphology Database, and Nano-Crystallography Database (http://nanocrystallography.research.pdx.edu/CIF-searchable). Key features of open-access crystallographic databases are: a universal data exchange format, unrestricted internet access to the actual data (including downloads), search capabilities, and crystal structure identification functionalities. Interactive three-dimensional structure or morphology visualizations are also available at PSU's site. Most recently, we implemented at PSU community-based, Wikipedia-inspired data upload and database content management provisions. A selection of all of these features will be demonstrated (online) during the presentation.

Sondergeld, Peter; Moeck, Peter; Dusek, Boris; Hanke, Hynek

2008-05-01

293

PrEV: Preservation Explorer and Vault for Web 2.0 User-Generated Content  

E-print Network

of the digital environment, a key architectural design choice in PrEV is to archive not only Web 1.0 web pages was a largely homogenous digital environment, with web servers serving static authored web pages, enriched and is updated more frequently than the near-static Web 1.0 pages. Today's web is now much more interactive than

Kan, Min-Yen

294

Google's Deep-Web Crawl Jayant Madhavan David Ko Lucja Kot  

E-print Network

Google's Deep-Web Crawl Jayant Madhavan David Ko Lucja Kot Google Inc. Google Inc. Cornell@cs.ucsd.edu halevy@google.com ABSTRACT The Deep Web, i.e., content hidden behind HTML forms, has long been of the structured data on the Web, accessing Deep-Web content has been a long-standing challenge for the database

295

High Availability Applications for NOMADS at the NOAA Web Operations Center Aimed at Providing Reliable Real Time Access to Operational Model Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NOAA Operational Modeling Archive Distribution System (NOMADS) is now delivering high availability services as part of NOAA's official real time data dissemination at its Web Operations Center (WOC). The WOC is a web service used by all organizational units in NOAA and acts as a data repository where public information can be posted to a secure and scalable content server. A goal is to foster collaborations among the research and education communities, value added retailers, and public access for science and development efforts aimed at advancing modeling and GEO-related tasks. The services used to access the operational model data output are the Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol (OPeNDAP), implemented with the Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS) Data Server (GDS), and applications for slicing, dicing and area sub-setting the large matrix of real time model data holdings. This approach insures an efficient use of computer resources because users transmit/receive only the data necessary for their tasks including metadata. Data sets served in this way with a high availability server offer vast possibilities for the creation of new products for value added retailers and the scientific community. New applications to access data and observations for verification of gridded model output, and progress toward integration with access to conventional and non-conventional observations will be discussed. We will demonstrate how users can use NOMADS services to repackage area subsets either using repackaging of GRIB2 files, or values selected by ensemble component, (forecast) time, vertical levels, global horizontal location, and by variable, virtually a 6- Dimensional analysis services across the internet.

Alpert, J. C.; Rutledge, G.; Wang, J.; Freeman, P.; Kang, C. Y.

2009-05-01

296

ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction  

E-print Network

ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction Wei Liu, Xiaofeng Meng, Member, IEEE, and Weiyi Meng, Member, IEEE Abstract--Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages (they will be called deep Web pages

297

ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages (they will be called deep Web pages in this paper). Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging problem due to the underlying intricate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques

Wei Liu; Xiaofeng Meng; Weiyi Meng

2010-01-01

298

The effect of aesthetics on web credibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Credibility influences a user's interest in a web site. Once users perceive the credibility of a web site they will be more likely to use it. A combination of factors affects such credibility - such as the provider, content, aesthetics, accessibility and solution of technical problems. The aesthetics of a web site can affect a user's first impressions of credibility.

Farah Alsudani; Matthew Casey

2009-01-01

299

An Idea and Prototype for Ontology Restructuring Method from Web Contents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose an idea called ``ontology reuse'' to develop ontology (or taxonomy) for information search more easily by its development cost reduction. For its feasibility demonstration, we developed a prototype system that converts taxonomy information of web contents to RDF format, collects it into a server and visualizes taxonomy infomation as a 2D map for editing itself and searching information. And our goal is to realize ``ontology circulation'', which means that ontology information flows freely and easily over the Internet and an intranet.

Takanashi, Katsutoshi; Sato, Shunya; Harashima, Ichiro

300

HTML5 and the Mobile Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessing the Web from mobile devices is a popular practice. Trends show that the mobile space is becoming the method through which many consumers access content – both through native and web applications. These applications have expanded the browsing experience, but have also complicated the development process. A need exists for a simple, uniform solution which HTML5 is attempting to

Kevin Curran; Aaron Bond; Gavin Fisher

2012-01-01

301

Enhancing Independent Internet Access for Individuals with Mental Retardation through Use of a Specialized Web Browser: A Pilot StudyArticle, scholarly/refereed, publisher version  

E-print Network

Retardation through Use of a Specialized Web Browser: A Pilot Study Daniel K. Davies and Steven E. Stock Michael L. Wehmeyer AbleLink Technologies, Inc. University of Kansas Abstract: Access to burgeoning information... and cognitively accessible Internet-access software, and barriers to computer use associated with the complexity of operating systems and amount of reading needed. As is the case with most mainstream software applications, leading web browsers...

Davies, Daniel K.; Stock, Steven E.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2001-01-01

302

Prototyping Global Web Enabled Landsat Data (WELD) Product Access via the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA funded Web-enabled Landsat Data (WELD) project has demonstrated the potential of large volume Landsat data processing to provide continental scale 30m Landsat data products in support of the Landsat user community. An intuitive what you see is what you get (WYSIWYG) WELD product Internet distribution interface has been developed using various open source software and has been operational at the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) since October 2010 with more than 700 registered users from more than 28 countries (http://weld.cr.usgs.gov/). New NASA Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth System Science (ACCESS) funding has been obtained to undertake research to support commonly articulated user requirements for provision of global coverage WELD products and products defined in different map projections. This poster illustrates prototyping of the new Global WYSIWYG WELD product internet distribution interface with on demand reprojection capabilities. Prototype global WELD products are generated in tiles nested to the MODIS land sinusoidal projection. The potential for distribution and integration of WELD 30m products and gridded MODIS land products is illustrated and discussed.

Kommareddy, I.; Roy, D. P.; Kovalskyy, V.; Kommareddy, A.

2012-12-01

303

An Architecture for Enforcing End-to-End Access Control Over Web Applications  

E-print Network

in a single web browser, making sensitive data stored in the browser subject to a broad milieu of attacks for networking and our own label-enforcing web browser, called FlowwolF. We tested our implementation and find that user's web browser. This rich intermixing of data from many sources allows users to create new

Yener, Aylin

304

SCUTA: A Server-Side Access Control System for Web Applications  

E-print Network

needs of today's Web. The Situations. The Web, initially designed for pri- marily serving static websites [2]. The Web is gradually becoming part of our lives. We do many things online, such Permission- port shows that over 80 percent of websites have had at least one serious vulnerability

Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

305

A scalable and highly available system for serving dynamic data at frequently accessed web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the system and key techniques used for achieving performance and high availability at the official Web site for the 1998 Olympic Winter Games which was one of the most popular Web sites for the duration of the Olympic Games. The Web site utilized thirteen SP2 systems scattered around the globe containing a total of 143 processors. A

Jim Challenger; Paul Dantzig; Arun Iyengar

1998-01-01

306

Accessing multiple google accounts or logging out of one in your web browser. If you go to google.com or email.williams.edu you may find that you are already logged in to  

E-print Network

Accessing multiple google accounts or logging out of one in your web browser. If you go to google. If you will be accessing both your personal and Williams gmail accounts from this web browser frequently

Aalberts, Daniel P.

307

Marvell NanoLab Member login Lab Manual Contents MercuryWeb Berkeley Microlab Chapter 1.3  

E-print Network

Marvell NanoLab Member login Lab Manual Contents MercuryWeb Berkeley Microlab Chapter 1.3 Table of Contents (Click on MOD to go to the appropriate section.) Wafer Cleaning MOD1 Standard Wafer Cleaning (Piranha Clean) MOD2 Standard Rinse ­ QDR & SRD MOD3 Standard Oxide Dip Manual Lithography MOD4 Standard

California at Irvine, University of

308

Cable modem access to picture archiving and communication system images using a web browser over the Internet.  

PubMed

This presentation describes our experiences using a web-based viewing software and a browser to view our picture archiving and communication system (PACS) images at a remote site with cable modem-internet communications. Our testing shows that using a cable modem to access our radiology webserver produces acceptable transmission speeds to remote sites. The average time-to-display (TTD) for 16 computed tomography (CT) images on the web-based intranet system in our hospital was 7 to 8 seconds. Using a cable modem and comparable equipment at a remote site, the average TTD is 16 seconds over the internet. The TTD does not significantly change during various hours of the day. Security for our hospital-based PACS is provided by a firewall. Access through the firewall is accomplished using virtual private network (VPN) software, a secure ID, and encryption. We have found that this is a viable method for after-hours subspecialty radiology consultation. PMID:10847372

Bennett, W F; Spigos, D G; Vaswani, K V; Terrell, J E

2000-05-01

309

Checklist for Evaluating Web Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a checklist to help users critically view web pages and determine if they are appropriate to use based on content and the grade level being taught. Included are questions about the reliability, scope, format, and cost and accessibility of the web site in question.

310

Digging Deeper: The Deep Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the Deep Web, defined as Web content in searchable databases of the type that can be found only by direct query. Discusses the problems of indexing; inability to find information not indexed in the search engine's database; and metasearch engines. Describes 10 sites created to access online databases or directly search them. Lists ways

Turner, Laura

2001-01-01

311

Internet access to the web resources of a geographically distributed system of near-and deep-space monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The state and speed characteristics of Web access to the first five nodes of the projected geographically distributed system of scientific monitoring of near and deep space are analyzed. The possibility of developing an architecture involving user query redirection to a caching server is studied. This will make it possible to relieve hardware communication links substantially and speed up HTTP connection time, especially for nodes linked via heavily congested Internet links.

Chernenkov, V. N.; Vitkovskij, V. V.; Kalinina, N. A.

2007-12-01

312

A Robust Linguistic Platform for Efficient and Domain specific Web Content Analysis  

E-print Network

Web semantic access in specific domains calls for specialized search engines with enhanced semantic querying and indexing capacities, which pertain both to information retrieval (IR) and to information extraction (IE). A rich linguistic analysis is required either to identify the relevant semantic units to index and weight them according to linguistic specific statistical distribution, or as the basis of an information extraction process. Recent developments make Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques reliable enough to process large collections of documents and to enrich them with semantic annotations. This paper focuses on the design and the development of a text processing platform, Ogmios, which has been developed in the ALVIS project. The Ogmios platform exploits existing NLP modules and resources, which may be tuned to specific domains and produces linguistically annotated documents. We show how the three constraints of genericity, domain semantic awareness and performance can be handled all toget...

Hamon, Thierry; Poibeau, Thierry; Aubin, Sophie; Derivire, Julien

2007-01-01

313

RegPrecise web services interface: programmatic access to the transcriptional regulatory interactions in bacteria reconstructed by comparative genomics.  

PubMed

Web services application programming interface (API) was developed to provide a programmatic access to the regulatory interactions accumulated in the RegPrecise database (http://regprecise.lbl.gov), a core resource on transcriptional regulation for the microbial domain of the Department of Energy (DOE) Systems Biology Knowledgebase. RegPrecise captures and visualize regulogs, sets of genes controlled by orthologous regulators in several closely related bacterial genomes, that were reconstructed by comparative genomics. The current release of RegPrecise 2.0 includes >1400 regulogs controlled either by protein transcription factors or by conserved ribonucleic acid regulatory motifs in >250 genomes from 24 taxonomic groups of bacteria. The reference regulons accumulated in RegPrecise can serve as a basis for automatic annotation of regulatory interactions in newly sequenced genomes. The developed API provides an efficient access to the RegPrecise data by a comprehensive set of 14 web service resources. The RegPrecise web services API is freely accessible at http://regprecise.lbl.gov/RegPrecise/services.jsp with no login requirements. PMID:22700702

Novichkov, Pavel S; Brettin, Thomas S; Novichkova, Elena S; Dehal, Paramvir S; Arkin, Adam P; Dubchak, Inna; Rodionov, Dmitry A

2012-07-01

314

Federated Web-accessible Clinical Data Management within an Extensible NeuroImaging Database  

PubMed Central

Managing vast datasets collected throughout multiple clinical imaging communities has become critical with the ever increasing and diverse nature of datasets. Development of data management infrastructure is further complicated by technical and experimental advances that drive modifications to existing protocols and acquisition of new types of research data to be incorporated into existing data management systems. In this paper, an extensible data management system for clinical neuroimaging studies is introduced: The Human Clinical Imaging Database (HID) and Toolkit. The database schema is constructed to support the storage of new data types without changes to the underlying schema. The complex infrastructure allows management of experiment data, such as image protocol and behavioral task parameters, as well as subject-specific data, including demographics, clinical assessments, and behavioral task performance metrics. Of significant interest, embedded clinical data entry and management tools enhance both consistency of data reporting and automatic entry of data into the database. The Clinical Assessment Layout Manager (CALM) allows users to create on-line data entry forms for use within and across sites, through which data is pulled into the underlying database via the generic clinical assessment management engine (GAME). Importantly, the system is designed to operate in a distributed environment, serving both human users and client applications in a service-oriented manner. Querying capabilities use a built-in multi-database parallel query builder/result combiner, allowing web-accessible queries within and across multiple federated databases. The system along with its documentation is open-source and available from the Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resource Clearinghouse (NITRC) site. PMID:20567938

Keator, David B.; Wei, Dingying; Fennema-Notestine, Christine; Pease, Karen R.; Bockholt, Jeremy; Grethe, Jeffrey S.

2010-01-01

315

Tensions in learning content and technology: the experience of education students in a web-based research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research on how a content-based teacher education course can embed effective training in the use of the World Wide Web to search for information and present learning outcomes. To address this gap, the present study documents the experience of 64 pre-service and inservice teachers who completed a web-based group project in an applied linguistics course. Participants

Ling Shi; Ken Reeder; Tammy Slater; Carolyn Kristjansson

2004-01-01

316

Factor structure of content preparation for e-business web sites: results of a survey of 428 industrial employees in the People's Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

To better fulfil customer satisfaction, a study of what content e-business web sites should contain is conducted. Based on background literature, a content preparation survey of 70 items was developed and completed by 428 white collar employees of an electronic company in mainland China. The survey aimed at examining the significant content factors of e-business web sites. The results of

Yinni Guo; Gavriel Salvendy

2009-01-01

317

Integrating Mathematics, Science, and Language Arts Instruction Using the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues of access to World Wide Web sites, mathematics and science content-resources available on the Web, and methods for integrating mathematics, science, and language arts instruction. (Author/ASK)

Clark, Kenneth; Hosticka, Alice; Kent, Judi; Browne, Ron

1998-01-01

318

Tips on Access and How to Watch Tegrity Movies From Jasperse web: Click on link and everything should load. No password required at  

E-print Network

Tips on Access and How to Watch Tegrity Movies From Jasperse web" chapters also help you navigate. 3. Double clicking on the movie panel makes" button 6. Click on movie of interest 7. Click the arrow to begin play from

Jasperse, Craig P.

319

Quality and accessibility of oncology-related clinical trials information: A content analysis of Internet media. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Eighty-five percent of the 40 Web sites reviewed mentioned clinical trials on their landing pages. However, only about three-quarters of sites defined clinical trials and just one-half provided information about the benefits and risks of enrollment. Additionally, for lung cancer and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), few sites offered interactive features to facilitate access to information about relevant clinical trials.

320

Ajax Frameworks in Interactive Web Apps  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asynchronous Web pages, which can change some of their content without reloading the whole page, have gained popularity recently. Although asynchronous pages are more difficult to store and access, and they complicate the browser's \\

Nicols Serrano; Juan Pablo Aroztegi

2007-01-01

321

Using Python Scripting and Web Frameworks to Access Spatial and Temporal Data via KML  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ever increasing volumes of spatial and temporal data about our world are being made available for download by various organizations. However, the data formats used are generally well-suited for storing large volumes of data but are not directly usable without specialized software. Also in recent years, there has been a wide adoption of easy-to-use virtual globe browsers (such as Google Earth) for viewing spatial and temporal datasets, but these applications cannot directly work with many large datasets due to the formats and/or the size of the datasets. This work presents several examples of Python-based data systems for accessing, filtering, and transforming large and complex spatial and temporal datasets into KML, an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard used for visualization and annotation of two-dimensional and three-dimensional data. Precipitable water forecasted by the NCEP Global Forecast System (GFS) model. Soil moisture content for December 2024 predicted by an IPCC model (GFDL R30).

Erickson, T. A.; Koziol, B. W.

2010-12-01

322

A Web-Based Supportive Intervention for Families Living With Depression: Content Analysis and Formative Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background Relatives of people with a mental illness who live together can experience additional burdens that may require support. A Web-based tool including a psychoeducation module, a diary, and a password-protected forum was developed to support relatives of a person with depression. Objective The objective of our study was to explore participants use of the Web-based tool, with focus on the forum, and to assess its potential health and psychosocial benefits. Methods Twenty-five people participated in this explorative open trial. Self-rating instruments assessing caregiver burden, stigma, and the tools usability were analyzed with Carer QoL7-D, DISC-12, and a system usability scale. A summary measure of subjective burden was assessed with CarerQoL-VAS. The forum posts were studied using content analysis. Results The majority reported fulfillment from their caregiving tasks (84%, 21/25), and had relational problems (76%, 19/25), their own mental health problems (72%, 18/25), support (72%, 18/25), and difficulties coordinating daily activities with caregiving (56%, 14/25). Most (72%, 18/25) reported having been able to use their inner strength to cope with stigma and discrimination, 64% (16/25) had concealed or hidden the persons condition, and 40% (10/25) reported having been avoided or shunned by people who knew about the illness. Forty-eight percent (12/25) reported unfair treatment from family; 40% (10/25) in marriage or divorce and 36% (9/25) from mental health staff. Almost one-third (28%, 7/25) reported having stopped themselves from having a close personal relationship. Participants subjective assessment of the tools usability resulted in a mean of 61.5 (range, 22.5-90; possible total value 0-100; >70=good). Ten people participated in the forum; content analysis resulted in five categories describing relatives situations: balancing the caregivers role and relationship to the patient; their own lives and need for support; resources and patient advocacy; a looming shadow on leisure, social, and professional life; and interaction and social support. Conclusions Further studies are needed to explore optimal ways of using Web-based tools to address support for relatives of a person with mental illness. Professional feedback may enhance the use and value of online communities. PMID:24550185

Hansson, Lars

2014-01-01

323

Web Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web grows and evolves faster than we would like and expect, imposing scalability and relevance problems to Web search engines. There are three main data types in the Web: content (text, multimedia), structure (links that form a graph) and Web usage (transactions from Web logs). We emphasize the last type of data, in particular a new subfield called query

Ricardo A. Baeza-yates

2005-01-01

324

Accessing data in the semantic web: An intelligent data integration and navigation approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an original navigation approach to explore data in the framework of the semantic web. Before navigation, data are\\u000a represented and integrated by jointly using Topic Maps and description logics. Our navigation approach improves the traditional\\u000a web navigation with two specificities. First, the navigation paths are semantic instead of structural links. Second, it is\\u000a a subject-centric instead nothing-centric. These

Mourad Ouziri

2006-01-01

325

Changing how people view changes on the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web is a dynamic information environment. Web content changes regularly and people revisit Web pages frequently. But the tools used to access the Web, including browsers and search engines, do little to explicitly support these dynamics. In this paper we present DiffIE, a browser plug-in that makes content change explicit in a simple and lightweight manner. DiffIE caches the

Jaime Teevan; Susan T. Dumais; Daniel J. Liebling; Richard L. Hughes

2009-01-01

326

e-Ana and e-Mia: A Content Analysis of Pro-Eating Disorder Web Sites  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The Internet offers Web sites that describe, endorse, and support eating disorders. We examined the features of proeating disorder Web sites and the messages to which users may be exposed. Methods. We conducted a systematic content analysis of 180 active Web sites, noting site logistics, site accessories, thinspiration material (images and prose intended to inspire weight loss), tips and tricks, recovery, themes, and perceived harm. Results. Practically all (91%) of the Web sites were open to the public, and most (79%) had interactive features. A large majority (84%) offered pro-anorexia content, and 64% provided pro-bulimia content. Few sites focused on eating disorders as a lifestyle choice. Thinspiration material appeared on 85% of the sites, and 83% provided overt suggestions on how to engage in eating-disordered behaviors. Thirty-eight percent of the sites included recovery-oriented information or links. Common themes were success, control, perfection, and solidarity. Conclusions. Proeating disorder Web sites present graphic material to encourage, support, and motivate site users to continue their efforts with anorexia and bulimia. Continued monitoring will offer a valuable foundation to build a better understanding of the effects of these sites on their users. PMID:20558807

Schenk, Summer; Wilson, Jenny L.; Peebles, Rebecka

2010-01-01

327

Content analysis of web sites from 2000 to 2004: a thematic meta-analysis  

E-print Network

adapted Web sites and to test the proposed framework by assessing the level of cultural adaptation reflected in U.S. and Japanese company Web sites Clyde Identify the current status of school library Web sites and to compare this with the findings... adapted Web sites and to test the proposed framework by assessing the level of cultural adaptation reflected in U.S. and Japanese company Web sites Clyde Identify the current status of school library Web sites and to compare this with the findings...

Zhang, Jian

2005-11-01

328

Organ donation on Web 2.0: content and audience analysis of organ donation videos on YouTube.  

PubMed

This study examines the content of and audience response to organ donation videos on YouTube, a Web 2.0 platform, with framing theory. Positive frames were identified in both video content and audience comments. Analysis revealed a reciprocity relationship between media frames and audience frames. Videos covered content categories such as kidney, liver, organ donation registration process, and youth. Videos were favorably rated. No significant differences were found between videos produced by organizations and individuals in the United States and those produced in other countries. The findings provide insight into how new communication technologies are shaping health communication in ways that differ from traditional media. The implications of Web 2.0, characterized by user-generated content and interactivity, for health communication and health campaign practice are discussed. PMID:20461609

Tian, Yan

2010-04-01

329

78 FR 6825 - Accessible Medical Device Labeling in a Standard Content and Format Public Workshop; Request for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES Food and Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2012-N-1205] Accessible Medical Device Labeling in a Standard Content and Format Public Workshop; Request for Comments; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

2013-01-31

330

78 FR 17934 - Accessible Medical Device Labeling in a Standard Content and Format Public Workshop; Extension of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES Food and Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2012-N-1205] Accessible Medical Device Labeling in a Standard Content and Format Public Workshop; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...

2013-03-25

331

Access to Online Learning: The Role of the Courseware Authoring Tool Developer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses design strategies that make Web-based learning programs accessible to learners using adaptive technologies, considers the lack of authoring tools to support course content developers in adhering to accessibility guidelines, and reviews commercial products available using guidelines published by the World Wide Web Consortium's Web

Harrison, Laurie

2002-01-01

332

Characterizing Objectionable Image Content (Pornography and Nude Images) of Specific Web Segments: Chile as a Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we perform a characterization of the objectionable image content (pornography and nude images) of the Chilean web (.cl domain). This characterization is based on a novel objectionable image filtering system that detects porno and nude images. In an automated process we examine all .cl websites and download a large number of the images available. Then, we analyze

Javier Ruiz-del-solar; V. Castaeda; Rodrigo Verschae; Ricardo A. Baeza-yates; F. Ortiz

2005-01-01

333

Measurement of nuclear DNA content of the genus Trifolium L. as a measure of genebank accession identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collection, identification and maintenance of genebank accessions of the genus Trifolium is a major task because of the large number of genera and their occasional morphological similarity. We investigated whether\\u000a the measurement of nuclear DNA content can serve as an additional criterion for identification of mislabeled accessions. Relative\\u000a nuclear DNA content was determined by flow cytometry measurements for a

Liliana Viintin; Borut Bohanec

2008-01-01

334

Archiving Web-Published Materials: A Needs Assessment of Librarians, Researchers, and Content Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Web-at-Risk project is a digital preservation project funded by the Library of Congress as part of the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program. The project is developing a Web archiving service to enable curators to build, store, and manage archived collections of Web-published materials captured largely from U.S.

Murray, Kathleen R.; Hsieh, Inga K.

2008-01-01

335

Child safety education and the world wide web: an evaluation of the content and quality of online resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the content, quality, and type of internet resources available for safety education. Using 19 search engines with search strings targeting major forms of injury, identified resources were classified by audience group, accessibility, and authorship. Two independent reviewers rated each resource on the basis of its content and a set of quality criteria

D Isaac; M D Cusimano; A Sherman; M Chipman

2004-01-01

336

Web-Based Access to Distributed High-Performance Geographic Information  

E-print Network

-performance resources together with broadband networks, but providing user access at the modest network capabilities" digital libraries, which provide remote data processing as well as remote data access. We have to and manipulation of large geospatial data sets, such as satellite imagery, from remote servers. We give an overview

Hawick, Ken

337

The smart internet: transforming the web for the user  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key architectural elements of the web, namely, HTTP, URL and HTML enable a very simple user model of the web based on hyperlinks. While this model allows browser-based access to a wide array of online content and resources, the limitations in user experience provided in this interaction model are increasingly apparent. Two decades after the birth of the web, new

Joanna W. Ng; Mark H. Chignell; James R. Cordy

2009-01-01

338

Use and Abuse: Electronic Teaching Support, Web Access and Student Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A web site is maintained for both units to inform students of the various activities and materials covered by each lecturer in the unit. The purpose of this paper is twofold, one to discuss the various teaching methods or structures developed in each campus, and second to evaluate the impact of computer as- sisted-instruction on the success of the student

Anne Maureen Scarff; Maria Estela Varua

2006-01-01

339

The Effectiveness of Commercial Internet Web Sites: A User's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A user survey of 60 company Web sites (electronic commerce, entertainment and leisure, financial and banking services, information services, retailing and travel, and tourism) determined that 30% had facilities for conducting online transactions and only 7% charged for site access. Overall, Web sites were rated high in ease of access, content, and

Bell, Hudson; Tang, Nelson K. H.

1998-01-01

340

Web Robots and Web Mining  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manually indexing the World Wide Web is obviously an impossible task, and it is even a daunting challenge for automated techniques. Web content mining is a general term used to describe these techniques, which are intended for information categorization and filtering. Web robots serve a variety of purposes, including indexing; and they can be useful or, in some cases, harmful. Web usage mining, on the other hand, is used to determine how a Web site's structure and organization effect the way users navigate the site.The Web Robots Pages (1) is an excellent starting place to learn about these automated programs. Several hundred robots are documented in a database, and a selection of papers considers proper ethics and guidelines for using robots, among other things. An article on Web mining and its subclasses is given on DM Review (2). It describes the basics of Web analysis and outlines many benefits Web mining can offer. A course homepage on Web data mining from DePaul University (3) offers a broad selection of reading material on the subject. Mostly consisting of research papers and journal articles, the documents range from general applications to specific theories and case studies. Two computer scientists from Polytechnic University propose a robust, distributed Web crawler (another term for Web robot), intended for large-scale network interaction (4). The twelve page paper begins with the motivation for the project, and continues with a full description of the system architecture and implementation. The November 2002 issue of Computer magazine featured an article on Data Mining for Web Intelligence (5). It points out that today's Internet is lacking in many key aspects, and that Web mining will play an important role in the development of improved search engines and automatic document classification. A short poster presentation from the 2002 International World Wide Web Conference (6) introduces GeniMiner, a Web search strategy based on a genetic algorithm. GeniMiner operates on the premise of finding a nearly optimal solution in order to minimize manual analysis of the search results. KDnuggets (7) is a free, biweekly newsletter on data and Web mining. In recent issues, special attention has been given to the Total Information Awareness project, which is investigating ways of mining the Web and email for possible information about terrorist activity. Web robots are occasionally used for malicious purposes, namely to automatically register for free email or participate in online polls. A technology that was developed to counter these robots involved using a blurred or distorted word to gain access, which could easily be read by a human but would be impossible for a robot to read. In a press release from the University of California at Berkeley (8), researchers have discovered a way to allow Web robots to crack this security system. The article describes how it was accomplished and provides motivation for more advanced security measures.

Leske, Cavin.

2003-01-01

341

Prototype and Evaluation of AutoHelp: A Case-based, Web-accessible Help Desk System for EOSDIS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AutoHelp is a case-based, Web-accessible help desk for users of the EOSDIS. Its uses a combination of advanced computer and Web technologies, knowledge-based systems tools, and cognitive engineering to offload the current, person-intensive, help desk facilities at the DAACs. As a case-based system, AutoHelp starts with an organized database of previous help requests (questions and answers) indexed by a hierarchical category structure that facilitates recognition by persons seeking assistance. As an initial proof-of-concept demonstration, a month of email help requests to the Goddard DAAC were analyzed and partially organized into help request cases. These cases were then categorized to create a preliminary case indexing system, or category structure. This category structure allows potential users to identify or recognize categories of questions, responses, and sample cases similar to their needs. Year one of this research project focused on the development of a technology demonstration. User assistance 'cases' are stored in an Oracle database in a combination of tables linking prototypical questions with responses and detailed examples from the email help requests analyzed to date. When a potential user accesses the AutoHelp system, a Web server provides a Java applet that displays the category structure of the help case base organized by the needs of previous users. When the user identifies or requests a particular type of assistance, the applet uses Java database connectivity (JDBC) software to access the database and extract the relevant cases. The demonstration will include an on-line presentation of how AutoHelp is currently structured. We will show how a user might request assistance via the Web interface and how the AutoHelp case base provides assistance. The presentation will describe the DAAC data collection, case definition, and organization to date, as well as the AutoHelp architecture. It will conclude with the year 2 proposal to more fully develop the case base, the user interface (including the category structure), interface with the current DAAC Help System, the development of tools to add new cases, and user testing and evaluation at (perhaps) the Goddard DAAC.

Mitchell, Christine M.; Thurman, David A.

1999-01-01

342

Use of 2D Barcode to Access Multimedia Content and the Web from a Mobile Handset  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present document describes the features, the applications, the functionalities and the benefits of the 2d barcodes, pictorial machine-readable representations of information and data. A 2D barcode can represent encoded information like a business card or a website address. Different formats and standards are available. Mobile phones with digital camera can act as barcode reader: a software client installed on

S. Lisa; G. Piersantelli

2008-01-01

343

The Access-Usage-Control-Matrix: A Heuristic Tool for Implementing a Selected Level of Technical Content Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content providers are faced with massive intellectual property piracy and resort to technical protection measures encapsulated in digital rights management systems (DRMS). Given the cost-benefit trade-off of varying levels of content protection there is a need to implement a selected level of content protection. Based on a functional reference model of a DRMS, this paper proposes an access-usage-control-matrix to heuristically

Vural Unlu; Thomas Hess

2005-01-01

344

Accessibility and usability in complex web based learning applications: lessons from the PEARL project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper reports approaches ,promoting ,accessibility for disabled students to science and engineering practical work, developed in a major European educational technology project PEARL. It has developed,the facilities for conducting a range,of teaching experiments,in science ,and engineering subjects at higher education level remotely over the WWW. One ,of the ,initial rationales for the project was ,to facilitate increased access

Martyn Cooper; Chetz Colwell; Telmo Amaral

345

Automating testbed documentation and database access using World Wide Web (WWW) tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method for providing uniform transparent access to disparate distributed information systems was demonstrated. A prototype testing interface was developed to access documentation and information using publicly available hypermedia tools. The prototype gives testers a uniform, platform-independent user interface to on-line documentation, user manuals, and mission-specific test and operations data. Mosaic was the common user interface, and HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) provided hypertext capability.

Ames, Charles; Auernheimer, Brent; Lee, Young H.

1994-01-01

346

INTELLIGENT SURFACING MECHANISM FOR SEMANTIC DEEP WEB  

E-print Network

Semantic web is an effort to enhance current web with intelligence so that computer can process the information present on World Wide Web, interpret and connect it. Deep web consists of information in formats that are not understandable by the common search engines thus deep web is not indexed by the search engines. Two approaches of virtual integration and surfacing are presently been employed to extract information from deep web. Focus of semantic deep web is to address the problems associated with accessing the rich, structured back-end data through ontologies. Semantic deep web is a sub domain of present day semantic web, focusing on associating semantics, extracting and facilitating meaningful contents from this hidden treasure. Present approaches of deep web information extraction suffer from scalability problem, which becomes major bottleneck considering web based nature of contents. Present work aims to propose an agent based mechanism for surfacing deep web contents. Being web based this mechanism ensures automation of content extraction, thereby eliminating problem of scalability.

Aarti Singh; Shaily Sachdeva

347

World Wide Web Access to Radiation Datasets for Environmental and Climate Change Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five years of scanner data from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE), eight years of surface radiation budget (SRB) data, and one year of scanner radiation budget data from the French-Russian-German experiment, ScaRaB, will be available for use by colleges and universities [and primary and secondary (K-12) schools] over a World Wide Web browser. The database for ERBE is a

T. Dale Bess; Ann B. Carlson; Calvin Mackey; Fredrick M. Denn; Anne Wilber; Nancy Ritchey

2000-01-01

348

A semantically enriched web usage based recommendation model  

E-print Network

With the rapid growth of internet technologies, Web has become a huge repository of information and keeps growing exponentially under no editorial control. However the human capability to read, access and understand Web content remains constant. This motivated researchers to provide Web personalized online services such as Web recommendations to alleviate the information overload problem and provide tailored Web experiences to the Web users. Recent studies show that Web usage mining has emerged as a popular approach in providing Web personalization. However conventional Web usage based recommender systems are limited in their ability to use the domain knowledge of the Web application. The focus is only on Web usage data. As a consequence the quality of the discovered patterns is low. In this paper, we propose a novel framework integrating semantic information in the Web usage mining process. Sequential Pattern Mining technique is applied over the semantic space to discover the frequent sequential patterns. Th...

Ramesh, C; Govardhan, A

2011-01-01

349

Focused Crawling of the Deep Web Using Service Class Descriptions  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic Web data sources--sometimes known collectively as the Deep Web--increase the utility of the Web by providing intuitive access to data repositories anywhere that Web access is available. Deep Web services provide access to real-time information, like entertainment event listings, or present a Web interface to large databases or other data repositories. Recent studies suggest that the size and growth rate of the dynamic Web greatly exceed that of the static Web, yet dynamic content is often ignored by existing search engine indexers owing to the technical challenges that arise when attempting to search the Deep Web. To address these challenges, we present DynaBot, a service-centric crawler for discovering and clustering Deep Web sources offering dynamic content. DynaBot has three unique characteristics. First, DynaBot utilizes a service class model of the Web implemented through the construction of service class descriptions (SCDs). Second, DynaBot employs a modular, self-tuning system architecture for focused crawling of the DeepWeb using service class descriptions. Third, DynaBot incorporates methods and algorithms for efficient probing of the Deep Web and for discovering and clustering Deep Web sources and services through SCD-based service matching analysis. Our experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the service class discovery, probing, and matching algorithms and suggest techniques for efficiently managing service discovery in the face of the immense scale of the Deep Web.

Rocco, D; Liu, L; Critchlow, T

2004-06-21

350

Factor Structure of Content Preparation for E-Business Web Sites: A Survey Results of Industrial Employees in P.R. China  

Microsoft Academic Search

To enhance the quality of e-business web sites, a study of factor structure in content preparation is needed. Based on background\\u000a literature, a content preparation survey of 70 items was developed and completed by 428 white collar employees of XOCECO Company\\u000a in mainland China. The survey aimed at examining the significant content factors of e-business web sites. Results of the

Yinni Guo; Gavriel Salvendy

2007-01-01

351

Adaptive layout template for effective web content presentation in large-screen contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the fact that average screen size and resolution have dramatically increased, many of today's web sites still do not scale well in larger viewing contexts. The upcoming HTML5 and CSS3 standards propose features that can be used to build more flexible web page layouts, but their potential to accommodate a wider range of display environments is currently relatively unexplored.

Michael Nebeling; Fabrice Matulic; Lucas Streit; Moira C. Norrie

2011-01-01

352

Organising access to Evidence-Based Medicine resources on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuing education is a challenge for health care professionals, considering the growing amount and variable quality of information in this field. In this context, we developed a method allowing clinicians to have a centralised access to the best current medical evidence supporting medical decision-making. Relevant data has been gathered according to the rules stated for Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and

Catherine Delvenne; Franoise Pasleau

2003-01-01

353

Web-based access to teaching files in a filmless radiology environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the incorporation of radiology teaching files within our existing filmless radiology Picture Archiving and Communications System (PACS). The creation of teaching files employs an intuitive World Wide Web (WWW) application that relieves the creator of the technical details involving the underlying PACS and obviates the need for knowledge of Internet publishing. Currently, our PACS supports filmless operation of CT, MRI, and ultrasound modalities, conforming to the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) and Health Level 7 (HL7) standards. Web-based teaching files are one module in a suite of WWW tools, developed in-house, for platform independent management of radiology data. The WWW browser tools act as liaison between inexpensive desktop PCs and the DICOM PACS. The creation of a teaching file is made as efficient as possible by allowing the creator to select the images and prepare the text within a single application, while finding and reviewing existing teaching files is simplified with a flexible, multi-criteria searching tool. This efficient and easy-to-use interface is largely responsible for the development of a database, currently containing over 400 teaching files, that has been generated in a short period of time.

Rubin, Richard K.; Henri, Christopher J.; Cox, Robert D.; Bret, Patrice M.

1998-07-01

354

Using NASA's Giovanni Web Portal to Access and Visualize Satellite-Based Earth Science Data in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the biggest obstacles for the average Earth science student today is locating and obtaining satellite- based remote sensing datasets in a format that is accessible and optimal for their data analysis needs. At the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES-DISC) alone, on the order of hundreds of Terabytes of data are available for distribution to scientists, students and the general public. The single biggest and time-consuming hurdle for most students when they begin their study of the various datasets is how to slog through this mountain of data to arrive at a properly sub-setted and manageable dataset to answer their science question(s). The GES DISC provides a number of tools for data access and visualization, including the Google-like Mirador search engine and the powerful GES-DISC Interactive Online Visualization ANd aNalysis Infrastructure (Giovanni) web interface. Giovanni provides a simple way to visualize, analyze and access vast amounts of satellite-based Earth science data. Giovanni's features and practical examples of its use will be demonstrated, with an emphasis on how satellite remote sensing can help students understand recent events in the atmosphere and biosphere. Giovanni is actually a series of sixteen similar web-based data interfaces, each of which covers a single satellite dataset (such as TRMM, TOMS, OMI, AIRS, MLS, HALOE, etc.) or a group of related datasets (such as MODIS and MISR for aerosols, SeaWIFS and MODIS for ocean color, and the suite of A-Train observations co-located along the CloudSat orbital path). Recently, ground-based datasets have been included in Giovanni, including the Northern Eurasian Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI), and EPA fine particulate matter (PM2.5) for air quality. Model data such as the Goddard GOCART model and MERRA meteorological reanalyses (in process) are being increasingly incorporated into Giovanni to facilitate model- data intercomparison. A full suite of data analysis and visualization tools is also available within Giovanni. The GES DISC is currently developing a systematic series of training modules for Earth science satellite data, associated with our development of additional datasets and data visualization tools for Giovanni. Training sessions will include an overview of the Earth science datasets archived at Goddard, an overview of terms and techniques associated with satellite remote sensing, dataset-specific issues, an overview of Giovanni functionality, and a series of examples of how data can be readily accessed and visualized.

Lloyd, S. A.; Acker, J. G.; Prados, A. I.; Leptoukh, G. G.

2008-12-01

355

The InterPro BioMart: federated query and web service access to the InterPro Resource  

PubMed Central

The InterPro BioMart provides users with query-optimized access to predictions of family classification, protein domains and functional sites, based on a broad spectrum of integrated computational models (signatures) that are generated by the InterPro member databases: Gene3D, HAMAP, PANTHER, Pfam, PIRSF, PRINTS, ProDom, PROSITE, SMART, SUPERFAMILY and TIGRFAMs. These predictions are provided for all protein sequences from both the UniProt Knowledge Base and the UniParc protein sequence archive. The InterPro BioMart is supplementary to the primary InterPro web interface (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro), providing a web service and the ability to build complex, custom queries that can efficiently return thousands of rows of data in a variety of formats. This article describes the information available from the InterPro BioMart and illustrates its utility with examples of how to build queries that return useful biological information. Database URL: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/biomart/martview. PMID:21785143

Binns, David; McMenamin, Conor; McAnulla, Craig; Hunter, Sarah

2011-01-01

356

Accessible Technology Initiative (ATI) Awareness Jenna Reeds--Web & Media Specialist, Information Support Services  

E-print Network

/materials/fwis.shtml) · A powerful video series of eight CSU students with disabilities who share their experiences in the college to electronic and information technology for all faculty, staff, students and the public #12;3 1/9/2014 What;6 1/9/2014 Developers "But I don't have the resources to make it accessible!" · From a design stand

Su, Xiao

357

Intelligent Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving  

E-print Network

that uses Web standards such as HTML and HTTP to publish information on the Web, accessible by Web browsers. A Web appli- cation is any HTTP-based application that utilizes the Web and Web browser technologiesIntelligent Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving Muhammad Faheem supervised by Pierre

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

Providing access to risk prediction tools via the HL7 XML-formatted risk web service.  

PubMed

Cancer risk prediction tools provide valuable information to clinicians but remain computationally challenging. Many clinics find that CaGene or HughesRiskApps fit their needs for easy- and ready-to-use software to obtain cancer risks; however, these resources may not fit all clinics' needs. The HughesRiskApps Group and BayesMendel Lab therefore developed a web service, called "Risk Service", which may be integrated into any client software to quickly obtain standardized and up-to-date risk predictions for BayesMendel tools (BRCAPRO, MMRpro, PancPRO, and MelaPRO), the Tyrer-Cuzick IBIS Breast Cancer Risk Evaluation Tool, and the Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool. Software clients that can convert their local structured data into the HL7 XML-formatted family and clinical patient history (Pedigree model) may integrate with the Risk Service. The Risk Service uses Apache Tomcat and Apache Axis2 technologies to provide an all Java web service. The software client sends HL7 XML information containing anonymized family and clinical history to a Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) server, where it is parsed, interpreted, and processed by multiple risk tools. The Risk Service then formats the results into an HL7 style message and returns the risk predictions to the originating software client. Upon consent, users may allow DFCI to maintain the data for future research. The Risk Service implementation is exemplified through HughesRiskApps. The Risk Service broadens the availability of valuable, up-to-date cancer risk tools and allows clinics and researchers to integrate risk prediction tools into their own software interface designed for their needs. Each software package can collect risk data using its own interface, and display the results using its own interface, while using a central, up-to-date risk calculator. This allows users to choose from multiple interfaces while always getting the latest risk calculations. Consenting users contribute their data for future research, thus building a rich multicenter resource. PMID:23793601

Chipman, Jonathan; Drohan, Brian; Blackford, Amanda; Parmigiani, Giovanni; Hughes, Kevin; Bosinoff, Phil

2013-07-01

359

Adaptive Content Delivery to Assist Blind Students in Accessing Course Mehmet E. Donderler, Lina Peng, and K. Selcuk Candan  

E-print Network

Adaptive Content Delivery to Assist Blind Students in Accessing Course Materials Mehmet E a software system, called iCare-Assistant that attempts to address these challenges for blind students overload that renders existing educational interfaces unusable by blind students. 1. Introduction

Candan, Selçuk

360

Are Personal Health Records Safe? A Review of Free Web-Accessible Personal Health Record Privacy Policies  

PubMed Central

Background Several obstacles prevent the adoption and use of personal health record (PHR) systems, including users concerns regarding the privacy and security of their personal health information. Objective To analyze the privacy and security characteristics of PHR privacy policies. It is hoped that identification of the strengths and weaknesses of the PHR systems will be useful for PHR users, health care professionals, decision makers, and designers. Methods We conducted a systematic review using the principal databases related to health and computer science to discover the Web-based and free PHR systems mentioned in published articles. The privacy policy of each PHR system selected was reviewed to extract its main privacy and security characteristics. Results The search of databases and the myPHR website provided a total of 52 PHR systems, of which 24 met our inclusion criteria. Of these, 17 (71%) allowed users to manage their data and to control access to their health care information. Only 9 (38%) PHR systems permitted users to check who had accessed their data. The majority of PHR systems used information related to the users accesses to monitor and analyze system use, 12 (50%) of them aggregated user information to publish trends, and 20 (83%) used diverse types of security measures. Finally, 15 (63%) PHR systems were based on regulations or principles such as the US Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and the Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode). Conclusions Most privacy policies of PHR systems do not provide an in-depth description of the security measures that they use. Moreover, compliance with standards and regulations in PHR systems is still low. PMID:22917868

Fernandez-Aleman, Jose Luis; Toval, Ambrosio

2012-01-01

361

EHS Safety Training Online Registration Instructions 1. Access the Environmental Health and Safety Office Web site, http://ehs.gmu.edu/.  

E-print Network

EHS Safety Training Online Registration Instructions 1. Access the Environmental Health and Safety Office Web site, http://ehs.gmu.edu/. 2. Click on the green "Need Training?" button in the lower right #, Description (name), Date/Time, Location, or Status; in the next field choose "Starts with" or "Contains

362

Can Convenience and Effectiveness Converge in Mobile Web? A Critique of the State-of-the-Art Adaptation Techniques for Web Navigation on Mobile Handheld Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proliferation of mobile handheld devices and significant advancement of wireless technologies and infrastructures have become a strong driving force of many mobile applications, including ubiquitous Web information access through those devices. Despite the tremendous flexibility, accessibility, and convenience, rendering and navigating Web content on handheld devices suffer from significant usability problems attributable to their physical constraints, especially the small screen

Dongsong Zhang

2011-01-01

363

Can Convenience and Effectiveness Converge in Mobile Web? A Critique of the State-of-the-Art Adaptation Techniques for Web Navigation on Mobile Handheld Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proliferation of mobile handheld devices and the significant advancement of wireless technologies and infrastructures have become a strong driving force of many mobile applications, including ubiquitous web information access through those devices. Despite the tremendous flexibility, accessibility, and convenience, rendering and navigating Web content on handheld devices suffer from significant usability problems attributable to their physical constraints, especially the small

Dongsong Zhang; Jianwei Lai

2011-01-01

364

World Wide WebWWWDeep Web Web Deep Web  

E-print Network

Deep Web Web World Wide WebWWWDeep Web Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Surface Web 21.3% Surface Web Deep Web [2] Deep Web Web Crawler Deep Web 1 Web Deep Web Deep Web Web Web WDB Web 1 WAMDM Technical Report (WAMDM-TR-2006-3) #12; PDF Deep

365

A SOM-Based Technique for a User-Centric Content Extraction and Classification of Web 2.0 with a Special Consideration of Security Aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Web 2.0 is much more than adding a nice facade to old web applications rather it is a new way of thinking about software architecture of Rich Internet Applications (RIA). In comparison to traditional web applications, the application logic of modern Web 2.0 applications tends to push the interactive user interface tasks to the client side. The client components on the other hand negotiate with remote services that deal with user events. The user should be assisted in different scenarios in order to use the existing platforms, share the resources with other users and improve his security. In this paper we present a user-centered content extraction and classification method based on self-organizing maps (SOM) as well as a prototype for provided content on Web 2.0. The extracted and classified data serves as a basis for above mentioned scenarios.

Tahamtan, Amirreza; Anjomshoaa, Amin; Weippl, Edgar; Tjoa, A. Min

366

Visual Architecture based Web Information Extraction  

E-print Network

Abstract--- The World Wide Web has more online web database which can be searched through their web query interface. Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages. Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging task due to the underlying complicate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques have been proposed to address this problem, but all of them have inherent limitations because they are Web-pageprogramming-language dependent. As the popular twodimensional media, the contents on Web pages are always displayed regularly for users to browse. This motivates us to seek a different way for deep Web data extraction to overcome the limitations of previous works by utilizing some interesting common visual features on the deep Web pages. In this paper, a novel vision-based approach that is Webpage programming- language-independent is proposed. This approach primarily utilizes the visual features on the deep Web pages to implement deep Web data extraction, including data record extraction and data item extraction.

S. Oswalt Manoj; Nisha Soms; N. V. Shibu

367

Manufacturing Menopause: An Analysis of the Portrayal of Menopause and Information Content on Pharmaceutical Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumer-targeted prescription drug advertising serves as an interesting lens through which we can examine the portrayal of menopause in online drug advertisements. The aim of this study was to explore the portrayal of menopause on web sites sponsored by pharmaceutical companies for hormone therapies (HT). To unravel this question, a qualitative

Charbonneau, Deborah Hile

2010-01-01

368

A Web of Learning: Beyond "Itsy Bitsy Spider," Preschool Students Learn Science Content Naturally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the author's biggest challenges as a preschool teacher is helping children in a group see and touch and do. Hands-on explorations are important for everyone, but essential for young children. How can young children do hands-on explorations of spiders and their webs? Teachers do not want children handling all sorts of spiders. They worry

Evitt, Marie Faust

2011-01-01

369

A Turning Point Analysis from Mobile Web 1.0 to Mobile Web 2.0: Lessons from Mobile Content Start-Up Company Growth and Downturn in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid growth of the mobile Internet in Japan leveraged new content providers specializing in the mobile Web. With the saturation of the Japanese mobile Internet, many content providers have faced downturns in the new landscape. Some exceptions provide hints for turning point analysis, and new directions for consumer-based mobile business. The author describes the current mobile Internet business model

Toshihiko Yamakami

2008-01-01

370

Factsheets Web Application  

SciTech Connect

The Factsheets web application was conceived out of the requirement to create, update, publish, and maintain a web site with dynamic research and development (R and D) content. Before creating the site, a requirements discovery process was done in order to accurately capture the purpose and functionality of the site. One of the high priority requirements for the site would be that no specialized training in web page authoring would be necessary. All functions of uploading, creation, and editing of factsheets needed to be accomplished by entering data directly into web form screens generated by the application. Another important requirement of the site was to allow for access to the factsheet web pages and data via the internal Sandia Restricted Network and Sandia Open Network based on the status of the input data. Important to the owners of the web site would be to allow the published factsheets to be accessible to all personnel within the department whether or not the sheets had completed the formal Review and Approval (R and A) process. Once the factsheets had gone through the formal review and approval process, they could then be published both internally and externally based on their individual publication status. An extended requirement and feature of the site would be to provide a keyword search capability to search through the factsheets. Also, since the site currently resides on both the internal and external networks, it would need to be registered with the Sandia search engines in order to allow access to the content of the site by the search engines. To date, all of the above requirements and features have been created and implemented in the Factsheet web application. These have been accomplished by the use of flat text databases, which are discussed in greater detail later in this paper.

VIGIL,FRANK; REEDER,ROXANA G.

2000-10-30

371

WebDeep Web Surface Web  

E-print Network

Web WebWeb WebWeb WebHTML Web WebDeep Web Surface Web " " Deep Web21 Dot-ComWebWeb2.0 WebWeb ""Web WebWeb Deep Web WebWeb SNS Web WebWeb 20017BrightPlanet.comDeep Web Web43,000-96,000Web7,500TB(Surface Web500) UIUCDeep Web2004Deep Web 307,000366,000-535,000 WebDeep Web "" Deep Web 1 Web Web #12

372

Libraries and the Mobile Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011, cell phones and mobile devices are ubiquitous. The vast majority of Americans now own cell phones, and over half of them have mobile access to the Internet through a phone or other mobile device. For libraries to stay relevant, they must be able to offer content and services through the mobile web. In this issue of "Library Technology

Hanson, Cody

2011-01-01

373

web identity standards introduction .............................................................................................................87  

E-print Network

web identity standards sectionten 86 contents introduction............................................................................................................... 89-90 tagline and the web .................................................................................................91 tagline and the web: improper use

Mullins, Dyche

374

Geo-Spatial Browse and Distribution of NSF-OPP's Antarctic Ice and Climate Data via the Web: Antarctic Cryosphere Access Portal (A-CAP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A prototype of the Antarctic Cryosphere Access Portal (A-CAP) has been released for public use. Developed at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) Antarctic Glaciological Data Center (AGDC), A-CAP aims to be a geo-visualization and data download tool for AGDC data and other Antarctic-wide parameters, including glaciology, ice core data, snow accumulation, satellite imagery, digital elevation models (DEMs), sea ice concentration, and many other cryosphere-related scientific measurements. The user can zoom in to a specific region as well as overlay coastlines, placenames, latitude/longitude, and other geographic information. In addition to providing an interactive Web interface, customizable A-CAP map images and source data are also accessible via specific Uniform Resource Locator strings (URLs) to a standard suite of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) services: Web Map Service (WMS), Web Feature Service (WFS), and Web Coverage Service (WCS). The international specifications of these services provide an interoperable framework for sharing maps and geospatial data over the Internet, allowing A-CAP products to be easily exchanged with other data centers worldwide and enabling remote access for users through OGC-compliant software applications such as ArcGIS, Google Earth, ENVI, and many others. A-CAP is built on MapServer, an Open Source development environment for building spatially-enabled Internet applications. MapServer uses data sets that have been formatted as GeoTIFF or Shapefile to allow rapid sub-setting and over-the-Web presentation of large geospatial data files, and has no requirement for a user-installed client software package (besides a Web browser).

Bauer, R.; Scambos, T.; Haran, T.; Maurer, J.; Bohlander, J.

2008-12-01

375

Use of a World Wide Web Site Evaluation Tool in Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Material on the World Wide Web may be freely accessed by instructors and students, regardless of its source. Evaluation of such material can be facilitated by use of one of a number of web site evaluation tools. These assess a web site in terms of content and design by adapting established principles in each of these areas. The feasibility of

Paul C. Yates

2000-01-01

376

The data-centricity of Web 2.0 workloads and its impact on server performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in network performance and browser tech- nologies, coupled with the ubiquity of internet access and proliferation of users, have lead to the emergence of a new class of web applications, called Web 2.0. Web 2.0 technologies enable easy collaboration and sharing by allowing users to contribute, modify, and aggregate content using applications like Wikis, Blogs, Social Networking communities, and

Moriyoshi Ohara; Priya Nagpurkar; Yohei Ueda; Kazuaki Ishizaki

2009-01-01

377

Deep Web Web Deep Web Web  

E-print Network

Deep Web 100872 Deep Web Web Deep Web Web Web Deep Web Deep Web TP391 A Uncertain Schema Matching in Deep Web Integration Service JIANG Fang-Jiao MENG Xiao-Feng JIA Lin-Lin (School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872) Abstract: With increasing of Deep Web, providing

378

Webbed Footnotes : collaborative annotation on the Web  

E-print Network

More and more, web users are moving from simply consuming content on the web to creating it as well, in the form of discussion boards, weblogs, wikis, and other collaborative and conversational media. Despite this, the web ...

Golder, Scott Andrew

2005-01-01

379

Semantic Analysis of Web Site Audience by Integrating Web Usage Mining and Web  

E-print Network

Semantic Analysis of Web Site Audience by Integrating Web Usage Mining and Web Content Mining Jean://www.jrc.it/langtech Abstract. With the emergence of the World Wide Web, analyzing and improving Web communication has become essential to adapt the Web content to the visitors' expectations. Web communication analysis

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

380

New content-aware request distribution policies in web clusters providing multiple services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the explosive growth of the Internet and increasing service demands from all around the world, the cluster-based system that consists of one request-dispatching server and several request-handling servers has become a cost-effective way to serve the huge amount of service demands. Nowadays, Web servers have to handle more complex types of requests since requests from clients may be

Mei-ling Chiang; Chun-hung Wu; Yi-jiun Liao; Yu-fen Chen

2009-01-01

381

Rate of Change and other Metrics: a Live Study of the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caching in the World Wide Web is based on two critical assumptions: that a significant fraction of requests reac- cess resources that have already been retrieved; and that those resources do not change between accesses. We tested the validity of these assumptions, and their dependence on characteristics of Web resources, includ- ing access rate, age at time of reference, content

Fred Douglis; Anja Feldmann; Balachander Krishnamurthy

382

Rough Web Caching  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for Internet content rose dramatically in recent years. Servers became more and more powerful and the bandwidth\\u000a of end user connections and backbones grew constantly during the last decade. Nevertheless users often experience poor performance\\u000a when they access web sites or download files. Reasons for such problems are often performance problems, which occur directly\\u000a on the servers (e.g.

Sarina Sulaiman; Siti Mariyam Shamsuddin; Ajith Abraham

383

WEB HARVESTING Wolfgang Gatterbauer  

E-print Network

with dynamic or deep web pages, and tools for reading, indexing and comparing the textual content of pages; (2WEB HARVESTING Wolfgang Gatterbauer Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington, USA SYNONYMS web data extraction, web information extraction, web mining DEFINITION Web harvesting describes

Gatterbauer, Wolfgang

384

Flexible-Pay-Per-Channel: A New Model for Content Access Control in Pay-TV Broadcasting Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, two models, pay-per-channel (PPC) and pay-per-view (PPV), for content access control in pay-TV broadcasting systems have been proposed. In PPC, a subscriber subscribes to one or multiple group(s) of channels, prearranged by the service provider, for a fixed period of time. Thus, it is unfair for the subscriber because the subscriber can not subscribe an arbitrary combination

Hung-Min Sun; Chien-Ming Chen; Cheng-Zong Shieh

2008-01-01

385

10 CFR 62.12 - Contents of a request for emergency access: General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ies) generating the low-level radioactive waste for which the determination...access is requested is low-level radioactive waste within 62.1(c...A description of the low-level radioactive waste for which emergency...

2011-01-01

386

10 CFR 62.12 - Contents of a request for emergency access: General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ies) generating the low-level radioactive waste for which the determination...access is requested is low-level radioactive waste within 62.1(c...A description of the low-level radioactive waste for which emergency...

2013-01-01

387

10 CFR 62.12 - Contents of a request for emergency access: General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ies) generating the low-level radioactive waste for which the determination...access is requested is low-level radioactive waste within 62.1(c...A description of the low-level radioactive waste for which emergency...

2012-01-01

388

10 CFR 62.12 - Contents of a request for emergency access: General information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ies) generating the low-level radioactive waste for which the determination...access is requested is low-level radioactive waste within 62.1(c...A description of the low-level radioactive waste for which emergency...

2010-01-01

389

Automating Information Discovery Within the Invisible Web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Web crawler or spider crawls through the Web looking for pages to index, and when it locates a new page it passes the page on to an indexer. The indexer identifies links, keywords, and other content and stores these within its database. This database is searched by entering keywords through an interface and suitable Web pages are returned in a results page in the form of hyperlinks accompanied by short descriptions. The Web, however, is increasingly moving away from being a collection of documents to a multidimensional repository for sounds, images, audio, and other formats. This is leading to a situation where certain parts of the Web are invisible or hidden. The term known as the "Deep Web" has emerged to refer to the mass of information that can be accessed via the Web but cannot be indexed by conventional search engines. The concept of the Deep Web makes searches quite complex for search engines. Google states that the claim that conventional search engines cannot find such documents as PDFs, Word, PowerPoint, Excel, or any non-HTML page is not fully accurate and steps have been taken to address this problem by implementing procedures to search items such as academic publications, news, blogs, videos, books, and real-time information. However, Google still only provides access to a fraction of the Deep Web. This chapter explores the Deep Web and the current tools available in accessing it.

Sweeney, Edwina; Curran, Kevin; Xie, Ermai

390

DAS: An intuitive DLNA content sharing system using SNS access control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spread of high-quality, user-generated content across broadband networks is motivating even more users to share their content over well-known Internet social network services (SNSs). SNSs have attracted attention as possibly the most useful social network infrastructure. However, the capacities of SNS servers have limited the quality and available time for sharing content. In this paper, we propose a system

TaeYoung Song; Yoshihiro Kawahara; Tohru Asami

2009-01-01

391

Construction of web-based nutrition education contents and searching engine for usage of healthy menu of children  

PubMed Central

A diet habit, which is developed in childhood, lasts for a life time. In this sense, nutrition education and early exposure to healthy menus in childhood is important. Children these days have easy access to the internet. Thus, a web-based nutrition education program for children is an effective tool for nutrition education of children. This site provides the material of the nutrition education for children with characters which are personified nutrients. The 151 menus are stored in the site together with video script of the cooking process. The menus are classified by the criteria based on age, menu type and the ethnic origin of the menu. The site provides a search function. There are three kinds of search conditions which are key words, menu type and "between" expression of nutrients such as calorie and other nutrients. The site is developed with the operating system Windows 2003 Server, the web server ZEUS 5, development language JSP, and database management system Oracle 10 g. PMID:20126375

Lee, Tae-Kyong; Chung, Hea-Jung; Park, Hye-Kyung; Lee, Eun-Ju; Nam, Hye-Seon; Jung, Soon-Im; Cho, Jee-Ye; Lee, Jin-Hee; Kim, Gon; Kim, Min-Chan

2008-01-01

392

Construction of web-based nutrition education contents and searching engine for usage of healthy menu of children.  

PubMed

A diet habit, which is developed in childhood, lasts for a life time. In this sense, nutrition education and early exposure to healthy menus in childhood is important. Children these days have easy access to the internet. Thus, a web-based nutrition education program for children is an effective tool for nutrition education of children. This site provides the material of the nutrition education for children with characters which are personified nutrients. The 151 menus are stored in the site together with video script of the cooking process. The menus are classified by the criteria based on age, menu type and the ethnic origin of the menu. The site provides a search function. There are three kinds of search conditions which are key words, menu type and "between" expression of nutrients such as calorie and other nutrients. The site is developed with the operating system Windows 2003 Server, the web server ZEUS 5, development language JSP, and database management system Oracle 10 g. PMID:20126375

Hong, Soon-Myung; Lee, Tae-Kyong; Chung, Hea-Jung; Park, Hye-Kyung; Lee, Eun-Ju; Nam, Hye-Seon; Jung, Soon-Im; Cho, Jee-Ye; Lee, Jin-Hee; Kim, Gon; Kim, Min-Chan

2008-01-01

393

Friend Lens: Novel Web Content Sharing through Strategic Manipulation of Cached HTML  

E-print Network

highlights. To evaluate Friend Lens, human subject evaluated Facebooks, Clip Marks, and Friend Lens in three general categories: community, posting content, and practicality of use. Friend Lens scored poorly in the community category since it does not have...

Gibbons, John William

2010-02-12

394

Reap what you sow: harvesting the deep Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the growth of the invisible Web, and efforts underway to make its contents more accessible. Dynamic Web publishing is described. The Open Archives Metadata Harvesting Protocol is reviewed, as are projects related to OCLCs implementation of the Open Archives Initiative. Recent Dublin Core activities are reported.

Norm Medeiros

2002-01-01

395

Querying Mediated Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web services provide interfaces to web resources described by WSDL interface definitions. The Web Service MEDiator system (WSMED) enables querying data accessible through web services. WSMED allows web service meta-data to be automatically extracted from any WSDL description. Then views can be created in terms of the imported meta-data and queried using SQL. To enhance query performance, WSMED permits to

MANIVASAKAN SABESAN; Tore Risch; Gihan Wikramanayake

2006-01-01

396

Empowering radiologie education on the internet: A new virtual website technology for hosting interactive educational content on the world wide web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: We describe a virtual web site hosting technology that enables educators in radiology to emblazon and make available for\\u000a delivery on the world wide web their own interactive educational content, free from dependencies on in-house re-sources and\\u000a policies.Materials\\/Methods: Ibis suite of technologies includes a graphically oriented software application, designed for the computer novice, to facilitate\\u000a the input, storage, and

Mark S. Frank; Keith Dreyer

2001-01-01

397

A web portal for accessing, viewing and comparing in situ observations, EO products and model output data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The GreenSeas project (Development of global plankton data base and model system for eco-climate early warning) aims to advance the knowledge and predictive capacities of how marine ecosystems will respond to global change. A main task has been to set up a data delivery and monitoring core service following the open and free data access policy implemented in the Global Monitoring for the Environment and Security (GMES) programme. A key feature of the system is its ability to compare data from different datasets, including an option to upload one's own netCDF files. The user can for example search in an in situ database for different variables (like temperature, salinity, different elements, light, specific plankton types or rate measurements) with different criteria (bounding box, date/time, depth, Longhurst region, cruise/transect) and compare the data with model data. The user can choose model data or Earth observation data from a list, or upload his/her own netCDF files to use in the comparison. The data can be visualized on a map, as graphs and plots (e.g. time series and property-property plots), or downloaded in various formats. The aim is to ensure open and free access to historical plankton data, new data (EO products and in situ measurements), model data (including estimates of simulation error) and biological, environmental and climatic indicators to a range of stakeholders, such as scientists, policy makers and environmental managers. We have implemented a web-based GIS(Geographical Information Systems) system and want to demonstrate the use of this. The tool is designed for a wide range of users: Novice users, who want a simple way to be able to get basic information about the current state of the marine planktonic ecosystem by utilizing predefined queries and comparisons with models. Intermediate level users who want to explore the database on their own and customize the prefedined setups. Advanced users who want to perform complex queries and inventory searching and compare the data in their own way or with their own models.

Vines, Aleksander; Hamre, Torill; Lygre, Kjetil

2014-05-01

398

The U.S. Geological Survey Geo Data Portal: A web service architecture and implementation for geo-climate data access and processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental modelers from fields of study including climatology, hydrology, geology, and ecology need common, cross-discipline data sources and processing methods to enable working with large remote datasets. Watershed modelers, for example, need downscaled climate model data and land-cover data summaries to predict streamflow for various future climate scenarios. In turn, ecological modelers need the predicted streamflow conditions to understand how habitat of biotic communities might be affected. The U.S. Geological Survey Geo Data Portal project addresses these needs by providing a flexible application built on open-standard Web services that integrates and streamlines data retrieval and analysis. Open Geospatial Consortium Web Processing Services (WPS) were developed to allow interoperable access to data from servers delivering both defacto standard Climate and Forecast (CF) convention datasets and OGC standard Web Coverage Services (WCS). The Geo Data Portal can create commonly needed derivatives of data in numerous formats. As an example use case, a user can upload a shapefile specifying a region of interest (e.g. a watershed), pick a climate simulation, and retrieve a spreadsheet of predicted daily maximum temperature in that region up to 2100. Outcomes of the Geo Data Portal project support the rapid development of user interfaces for accessing and manipulating environmental data. The Geo Data Portal resulting from this project will be demonstrated accessing a range of climate and landscape data.

Kunicki, T.; Blodgett, D. L.; Booth, N. L.; Suftin, I.; Walker, J. I.

2011-12-01

399

Arctic Research Mapping Application 3D Geobrowser: Accessing and Displaying Arctic Information From the Desktop to the Web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ARMAP 3D allows users to dynamically interact with information about U.S. federally funded research projects in the Arctic. This virtual globe allows users to explore data maintained in the Arctic Research & Logistics Support System (ARLSS) database providing a very valuable visual tool for science management and logistical planning, ascertaining who is doing what type of research and where. Users can fly to study sites, view receding glaciers in 3D and access linked reports about specific projects. Custom Search tasks have been developed to query by researcher name, discipline, funding program, place names and year and display results on the globe with links to detailed reports. ARMAP 3D was created with ESRIs free ArcGIS Explorer (AGX) new build 900 providing an updated application from build 500. AGX applications provide users the ability to integrate their own spatial data on various data layers provided by ArcOnline (http://resources.esri.com/arcgisonlineservices). Users can add many types of data including OGC web services without any special data translators or costly software. ARMAP 3D is part of the ARMAP suite (http://armap.org), a collection of applications that support Arctic science tools for users of various levels of technical ability to explore information about field-based research in the Arctic. ARMAP is funded by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs Arctic Sciences Division and is a collaborative development effort between the Systems Ecology Lab at the University of Texas at El Paso, Nuna Technologies, the INSTAAR QGIS Laboratory, and CH2M HILL Polar Services.

Johnson, G. W.; Gonzalez, J.; Brady, J. J.; Gaylord, A.; Manley, W. F.; Cody, R.; Dover, M.; Score, R.; Garcia-Lavigne, D.; Tweedie, C. E.

2009-12-01

400

Daily Planet Redesign: eZ Publish Web Content Management Implementation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the process of the redesign of the Daily . Planet news letter as a content management implementation project. This is a site that is an internal news site that acts as a communication vehicle for a large volume of content. The Objectives for the site redesign was: (1) Clean visual design, (2) Facilitation of publication processes, (3) More efficient maintenance mode, (4) Automated publishing to internal portal, (5) Better navigation through improved site IA, (6) Archiving and retrieval functionality, (7) Back to basics on fundamental business goals. The CM is a process not a software package

Dutra, Jayne E.

2006-01-01

401

Content Based Access for a Massive Database of Human Observation Video  

E-print Network

- logical study of the relationship between human movement and Dyslexia. The system allows access to up retrieval, dyslexia, human body motion 1. INTRODUCTION Developmental dyslexia (also known as 'Specific in the school system. The cost of dyslexia to the society infrastructure as a whole is therefore enormous

Boyer, Edmond

402

TweetCred: A Real-time Web-based System for Assessing Credibility of Content on Twitter  

E-print Network

During large scale events, a large volume of content is posted on Twitter, but not all of this content is trustworthy. The presence of spam, advertisements, rumors and fake images reduces the value of information collected from Twitter, especially during sudden-onset crisis events where information from other sources is scarce. In this research work, we describe various facets of assessing the credibility of user-generated content on Twitter during large scale events, and develop a novel real-time system to assess the credibility of tweets. Firstly, we develop a semi-supervised ranking model using SVM-rank for assessing credibility, based on training data obtained from six high-impact crisis events of 2013. An extensive set of forty-five features is used to determine the credibility score for each of the tweets. Secondly, we develop and deploy a system--TweetCred--in the form of a browser extension, a web application and an API at the link: http://twitdigest.iiitd.edu.in/TweetCred/. To the best of our knowled...

Gupta, Aditi; Castillo, Carlos; Meier, Patrick

2014-01-01

403

Simulated annealing algorithm and layout optimization for the contents of a web page  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's Internet world, information is available in large sizes especially in websites with news and article content or blogs. In order to use and present this high-volume of information available on the internet temporary solution such as filters, search and organization tools. All these solutions aim to use the browser interface in the most efficient manner. This process if

Aysun Coskun

2011-01-01

404

The VirtPresenter Lecture Recording System: Automated Production of Web Lectures with Interactive Content Overviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lecture recordings can be a powerful addition to traditional lectures and they can even serve as a main content source in a number of didactic scenarios. If users can quickly locate relevant passages in a recording, the recording combines the ease of search that comes with electronic text based media with the authenticity and wealth of information

Mertens, Robert; Ketterl, Markus; Vornberger, Oliver

2007-01-01

405

The NASA ADS Abstract Service and the Distributed Astronomy Digital Library [and] Project Soup: Comparing Evaluations of Digital Collection Efforts [and] Cross-Organizational Access Management: A Digital Library Authentication and Authorization Architecture [and] BibRelEx: Exploring Bibliographic Databases by Visualization of Annotated Content-based Relations [and] Semantics-Sensitive Retrieval for Digital Picture Libraries [and] Encoded Archival Description: An Introduction and Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes six articles that discuss a digital library for astronomy; comparing evaluations of digital collection efforts; cross-organizational access management of Web-based resources; searching scientific bibliographic databases based on content-based relations between documents; semantics-sensitive retrieval for digital picture libraries; and

Kurtz, Michael J.; Eichorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Demleitner, Markus; Murray, Stephen S.; Jones, Michael L. W.; Gay, Geri K.; Rieger, Robert H.; Millman, David; Bruggemann-Klein, Anne; Klein, Rolf; Landgraf, Britta; Wang, James Ze; Li, Jia; Chan, Desmond; Wiederhold, Gio; Pitti, Daniel V.

1999-01-01

406

web identity application sectioneleven  

E-print Network

web identity application sectioneleven 99 contents elements of webpage design......................................................................... 100-101 web development and design considerations web banners is required for all official UCSF webpages. This banner includes a required link

Derisi, Joseph

407

Exploiting the Social and Semantic Web for Guided Web Archiving  

E-print Network

Exploiting the Social and Semantic Web for Guided Web Archiving Thomas Risse1 , Stefan Dietze1. The constantly growing amount of Web content and the suc- cess of the Social Web lead to increasing needs for Web archiving. These needs go beyond the pure preservation of Web pages. Web archives are turning

Senellart, Pierre

408

RETRIEVING CONTENT WITH AGENTS IN WEB SERVICE E-LEARNING SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, e-learning started to attract a lot of attention from re- searchers as well as practitioners. Many of the existing architectures of e-learning systems are mainly based on plain client-server or peer-to- peer architectures and are therefore suering from drawbacks like poor scalability or complicated interchange of content. In this paper, we present a distributed, service-oriented architecture for

Victor Pankratius; Olivier Sandel; Wolried Stucky

2004-01-01

409

Content  

Cancer.gov

Introduction to SEER*Stat SEER*Stat Configuration Getting Help How To Use This Help System Printing Help Web-based Tutorials Technical Support What's New? Data SEER*Stat Basics Frequency Session Rate Session Survival Session

410

The myImageAnalysis project: a web-based application for high-content screening.  

PubMed

A major challenge faced by screening centers developing image-based assays is the wide range of assays needed compared to the limited resources that are available to effectively analyze and manage them. To overcome this limitation, we have developed the web-based myImageAnalysis (mIA) application, integrated with an open database connectivity compliant database and powered by Pipeline Pilot (PLP) that incorporates dataset tracking, scheduling and archiving, image analysis, and data reporting. For system administrators, mIA provides automated methods for managing and archiving data. For the biologist, this application allows those without any programming or image analysis experience to quickly develop, validate, and share results of complex image-based assays. Further, the structure of the application within PLP allows those with experience in PLP programming to easily add additional analysis tools as required. The tools within mIA allow users to assess basic (cell count, protein per cell, protein subcellular localization) and more advanced (engineered cell lines analysis, cell toxicity) biological image-based assays that employ advanced statistics and provides key assay performance metrics. PMID:24547743

Szafran, Adam T; Mancini, Michael A

2014-01-01

411

Visual Analysis of Weblog Content  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, one of the advances of the World Wide Web is social media and one of the fastest growing aspects of social media is the blogosphere. Blogs make content creation easy and are highly accessible through web pages and syndication. With their growing influence, a need has arisen to be able to monitor the opinions and insight revealed within their content. In this paper we describe a technical approach for analyzing the content of blog data using a visual analytic tool, IN-SPIRE, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. We highlight the capabilities of this tool that are particularly useful for information gathering from blog data.

Gregory, Michelle L.; Payne, Deborah A.; McColgin, Dave; Cramer, Nick O.; Love, Douglas V.

2007-03-26

412

Required Content Elements  

Cancer.gov

Every NCI content page within the Percussion Web Content Management System (WCMS) must include the following content elements. Managers of NCI Web content stored outside of Percussion should consider these elements important best practices, and follow them accordingly.

413

Making Web Sites an Effective Recruitment Asset: Content Management Solutions Keep Web Sites Fresh and Relevant--and Students Engaged. Noel-Levitz White Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Have you updated your Web site today? Is it possible that answering "yes" to this simple question is the key to the success of your marketing and recruiting efforts? In the current recruitment arena, the ability to update and maintain this one high-value asset (your Web site) might be the key to the potency of your institutional marketing effort.

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2009

2009-01-01

414

Web Database Integration School of Information  

E-print Network

into two parts: Surface Web and Deep Web. The Surface Web refers to the static Web pages which can be crawled and indexed by popular search engines, while the Deep Web refers to the contents stored in Web across all top- ics. Some Deep Web portal services provide Deep Web di- rectories which classify Web

415

The EarthScope Array Network Facility: application-driven low-latency web-based tools for accessing high-resolution multi-channel waveform data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since April 2004 the EarthScope USArray seismic network has grown to over 400 broadband stations that stream multi-channel data in near real-time to the Array Network Facility in San Diego. Providing secure, yet open, access to real-time and archived data for a broad range of audiences is best served by a series of platform agnostic low-latency web-based applications. We present a framework of tools that interface between the world wide web and Boulder Real Time Technologies Antelope Environmental Monitoring System data acquisition and archival software. These tools provide audiences ranging from network operators and geoscience researchers, to funding agencies and the general public, with comprehensive information about the experiment. This ranges from network-wide to station-specific metadata, state-of-health metrics, event detection rates, archival data and dynamic report generation over a stations two year life span. Leveraging open source web-site development frameworks for both the server side (Perl, Python and PHP) and client-side (Flickr, Google Maps/Earth and jQuery) facilitates the development of a robust extensible architecture that can be tailored on a per-user basis, with rapid prototyping and development that adheres to web-standards.

Newman, R. L.; Lindquist, K. G.; Clemesha, A.; Vernon, F. L.

2008-12-01

416

Open Access Available online http://arthritis-research.com/content/8/4/R105  

E-print Network

Published: 3 Jul 2006 Arthritis Research & Therapy 2006, 8:R105 (doi:10.1186/ar1990) This article is online at: http://arthritis-research.com/content/8/4/R105 © 2006 Lequerré et al.; licensee BioMed Central.1) that resisted weekly methotrexate therapy were given infliximab at baseline, weeks 2 and 6, and every 8th week

Boyer, Edmond

417

January 2008 SECURE WEB SERVERS  

E-print Network

-44, Guidelines on Securing Public Web Servers, which focuses on the design, implementation, and operation, which focuses on the design, implementation, and operation of publicly accessible and secure Web serversJanuary 2008 SECURE WEB SERVERS: PROTECTING WEB SITES SECURE WEB SERVERS: PROTECTING WEB SITES

418

Food and Beverage Brands That Market to Children and Adolescents on the Internet: A Content Analysis of Branded Web Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo identify food and beverage brand Web sites featuring designated children's areas, assess marketing techniques present on those industry Web sites, and determine nutritional quality of branded food items marketed to children.

Anna E. Henry; Mary Story

2009-01-01

419

A Content Analysis of Displayed Alcohol References on a Social Networking Web Site  

PubMed Central

Purpose Exposure to alcohol use in media is associated with adolescent alcohol use. Adolescents frequently display alcohol references on Internet media such as social networking websites (SNSs). The purpose of this study was to conduct a theoretically-based content analysis of older adolescents displayed alcohol references on a SNS. Methods We evaluated 400 randomly selected public MySpace profiles of self-reported 17 to 20-year-olds from zip codes representing urban, suburban and rural communities in one Washington county. Content was evaluated for alcohol references suggesting: 1) explicit versus figurative alcohol use, 2) alcohol-related motivations, associations and consequences, including references that met CRAFFT problem drinking criteria. We compared profiles from four target zip codes for prevalence and frequency of alcohol display. Results Of 400 profiles, 225 profiles (56.3%) contained 341 references to alcohol. Profile owners who displayed alcohol references were mostly male (54.2%) and White (70.7%). The most frequent reference category was explicit use (49.3%), the most commonly displayed alcohol use motivation was peer pressure (4.7%). Few references met CRAFFT problem drinking criteria (3.2%). There were no differences in prevalence or frequency of alcohol display among the four sociodemographic communities. Conclusions Despite alcohol use being illegal and potentially stigmatizing in this population, explicit alcohol use is frequently referenced on adolescents MySpace profiles across several sociodemographic communities. Motivations, associations and consequences regarding alcohol use referenced on MySpace appear consistent with previous studies of adolescent alcohol use. These references may be a potent source of influence on adolescents, particularly given that they are created and displayed by peers. PMID:20638009

Moreno, Megan A; Briner, Leslie R; Williams, Amanda; Brockman, Libby; Walker, Leslie; Christakis, Dimitri A

2010-01-01

420

Strategies for Selling Paid Content on Newspaper and Magazine Web Sites: An Empirical Analysis of Bundling and Splitting of News and Magazine Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more newspaper and magazine Web sites offer paid content. However, selling information goods at a price higher than the marginal cost means finding a strategy for product or price differentiation. A possible strategy to solve this problem is the bundling of information goods. In this article, we analyze empirically, with quantitative statistic methods, strategies for selling bundled and

Florian Stahl; Wolfgang Maass

2004-01-01

421

A comparative analysis of teacher-authored websites in high school honors and Advanced Placement physics for Web-design and NSES content and process standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether statistically significant differences existed between high school Honors Physics websites and those of Advanced Placement (AP) Physics in terms of Web-design, National Science Education Standards (NSES) Physics content, and NSES Science Process standards. The procedure began with the selection of 152 sites comprising two groups with equal sample sizes of 76

Ronald C. Persin

2009-01-01

422

Web of People Improving Search on the Web  

E-print Network

Web of People Improving Search on the Web Wolfgang Nejdl L3S Research Center Hannover, Germany #12;19/10/10 2 Overview · Web Science / Web of People · Research Questions and Topics · Web Science @ L3S · User Generated Content and Search #12;19/10/10 3 Web Science / Web of People The World Wide Web is a Web

Nejdl, Wolfgang

423

Web-based document and content management with off-the-shelf software  

SciTech Connect

This, then, is the current status of the project: Since we made the switch to Intradoc, we are now treating the project as a document and image management system. In reality, it could be considered a document and content management system since we can manage almost any file input to the system such as video or audio. At present, however, we are concentrating on images. As mentioned above, my CRADA funding was only targeted at including thumbnails of images in Intradoc. We still had to modify Intradoc so that it would compress images submitted to the system. All processing of files submitted to Intradoc is handled in what is called the Document Refinery. Even though MrSID created thumbnails in the process of compressing an image, work needed to be done to somehow build this capability into the Document Refinery. Therefore we made the decision to contract the Intradoc Engineering Team to perform this custom development work. To make Intradoc even more capable of handling images, we have also contracted for customization of the Document Refinery to accept Adobe PhotoShop and Illustrator file in their native format.

Schuster, J

1999-03-18

424

WEB Maintainers Meetup Web Branding Committee  

E-print Network

WEB Maintainers Meetup UF/IFAS DEPARTMENT #12; Web Branding Committee Introduction and TERMINALFOUR (T4) recap Preparation Page layouts Questions #12;WEB BRANDING COMMITTEE what we heard #12;Some) is the new UF Web Content Management System (WCMS) chosen for the next five years. T4 allows non

Florida, University of

425

ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction  

E-print Network

AbstractDeep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages (they will be called deep Web pages in this paper). Extracting structured data from deep Web pages is a challenging problem due to the underlying intricate structures of such pages. Until now, a large number of techniques have been proposed to address this problem, but all of them have inherent limitations because they are Web-page-programming-languagedependent. As the popular two-dimensional media, the contents on Web pages are always displayed regularly for users to browse. This motivates us to seek a different way for deep Web data extraction to overcome the limitations of previous works by utilizing some interesting common visual features on the deep Web pages. In this paper, a novel vision-based approach that is Web-pageprogramming-language-independent is proposed. This approach primarily utilizes the visual features on the deep Web pages to implement deep Web data extraction, including data record extraction and data item extraction. We also propose a new evaluation measure revision to capture the amount of human effort needed to produce perfect extraction. Our experiments on a large set of Web databases show that the proposed vision-based approach is highly effective for deep Web data extraction. Index TermsWeb mining, Web data extraction, visual features of deep Web pages, wrapper generation. 1

Wei Liu; Xiaofeng Meng; Weiyi Meng

426

Adaptive and Intelligent Request Distribution for Content Delivery Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's knowledge and content Web-based technologies call for adaptive and intelligent algorithms for accessing the resources, especially to respond to Semantic Web, as well to performance challenges. This work presents the application of two machine learning techniques in an adaptive decision making framework, namely a fuzzy logic and neural networks, to deploy the adaptive and intelligent dispatching algorithm for resource

Leszek Borzemski; Krzysztof Zatwarnicki; Anna Zatwarnicka

2007-01-01

427

Protein and mineral nutrient contents in kernels from 72 sweet almond cultivars and accessions grown in France, Greece and Italy.  

PubMed

Almond protein and potassium (K), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) contents were determined in 72 cultivars and accessions grown in France, Greece and Italy, as part of the networking of European SAFENUT AGRI GEN RES project, which aimed to explore and valorize the almond genetic resources in Europe. Great variation was found in the nutrient content and the amount of nutrient supplied when consuming the recommended daily amount of one serving of almond, among the different genotypes assayed. The variation among the different genotypes was greatest for Ca, followed by the protein content; the latter also exhibited the lowest variation considering the harvest year. Results from a principal component analysis showed that P and Mg were the most discriminant elements for categorizing samples. Cluster analysis showed groups of samples with interesting characteristics for breeding. There was no clear distinction among the different origins of samples. Correlation analyses between weather conditions and the nutrients assayed showed that the mean temperature recorded in the period between March and September was positively correlated with Ca and P only in France, a place where the greatest climatic difference between years was observed. PMID:23025297

Drogoudi, Pavlina D; Pantelidis, Georgios; Bacchetta, Loretta; De Giorgio, Donato; Duval, Henri; Metzidakis, Ioannis; Spera, Daniella

2013-03-01

428

Querying the deep web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data stored outside Web pages and accessible from the Web, typically through HTML forms, consitute the so-called Deep Web. Such data are of great value, but difficult to query and search. We survey techniques to optimize query processing on the Deep Web, in a setting where data are represented in the relational model. We illustrate optimizations both at query plan

Andrea Cal; Davide Martinenghi

2010-01-01

429

Web 2.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Web is growing and changing from a paradigm of static publishing to one of participation and interaction. This change has implications for people with disabilities who rely on access to the Web for employment, information, entertainment, and increased independence. The interactive and collaborative nature of Web 2.0 can present access problems for some users. There are some best practices which can be put in place today to improve access. New specifications such as Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) and IAccessible2 are opening the doors to increasing the accessibility of Web 2.0 and beyond.

Gibson, Becky

430

Abstract--Today, the IPTV technology is emerging as a new concept for delivering and accessing audiovisual services over IP networks. The IPTV services promise to change radically the way we consume the video content by introducing content interactivity  

E-print Network

1 Abstract--Today, the IPTV technology is emerging as a new concept for delivering and accessing audiovisual services over IP networks. The IPTV services promise to change radically the way we consume the video content by introducing content interactivity and adaptation. To allow the transmission of IPTV

Boyer, Edmond

431

Effects of prey macronutrient content on body composition and nutrient intake in a web-building spider.  

PubMed

The nutritional composition of diets can vary widely in nature and have large effects on the growth, reproduction and survival of animals. Many animals, especially herbivores, will tightly regulate the nutritional composition of their body, which has been referred to as nutritional homeostasis. We tested how experimental manipulation of the lipid and protein content of live prey affected the nutrient reserves and subsequent diet regulation of web-building spiders, Argiope keyserlingi. Live locusts were injected with experimental solutions containing specific amounts of lipid and protein and then fed to spiders. The nutrient composition of the spiders' bodies was directly related to the nutrient composition of the prey on which they fed. We then conducted an experiment where spiders were fed either high lipid or high protein prey and subsequently provided with two large unmanipulated locusts. Prior diet did not affect the amount or ratio of lipid and protein ingested by spiders when feeding on unmanipulated prey. Argiope keyserlingi were flexible in the storage of lipid and protein in their bodies and did not bias their extraction of nutrients from prey to compensate for previously biased diets. Some carnivores, especially those that experience frequent food limitation, may be less likely to strictly regulate their body composition than herbivores because food limitation may encourage opportunistic ingestion and assimilation of nutrients. PMID:24911958

Hawley, Jesse; Simpson, Stephen J; Wilder, Shawn M

2014-01-01

432

78 FR 67881 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility of Web Sites and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...49 CFR Part 27 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility...RIN 2105-AD96 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility...2010). \\2\\ Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel, Notice...

2013-11-12

433

WebProt?g?: A Collaborative Ontology Editor and Knowledge Acquisition Tool for the Web  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we present WebProtga lightweight ontology editor and knowledge acquisition tool for the Web. With the wide adoption of Web 2.0 platforms and the gradual adoption of ontologies and Semantic Web technologies in the real world, we need ontology-development tools that are better suited for the novel ways of interacting, constructing and consuming knowledge. Users today take Web-based content creation and online collaboration for granted. WebProtg integrates these features as part of the ontology development process itself. We tried to lower the entry barrier to ontology development by providing a tool that is accessible from any Web browser, has extensive support for collaboration, and a highly customizable and pluggable user interface that can be adapted to any level of user expertise. The declarative user interface enabled us to create custom knowledge-acquisition forms tailored for domain experts. We built WebProtg using the existing Protg infrastructure, which supports collaboration on the back end side, and the Google Web Toolkit for the front end. The generic and extensible infrastructure allowed us to easily deploy WebProtg in production settings for several projects. We present the main features of WebProtg and its architecture and describe briefly some of its uses for real-world projects. WebProtg is free and open source. An online demo is available at http://webprotege.stanford.edu. PMID:23807872

Tudorache, Tania; Nyulas, Csongor; Noy, Natalya F.; Musen, Mark A.

2012-01-01

434

Student Timestamp Employee Manual (Web Access) To log-on to Kronos, visit: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/kronos  

E-print Network

MUS Optometry Library 15990OPTO Math Library 15974MATH Physics Library 15976PHYS Public Health Library Org-Supervisor code before clocking-in. Web-Only Transfer Departments: Anthropology Library 15945ANTH Art History/Classics Library 15954AHCS Bancroft Library: Tech Services 15904BTS Business Library 15948

California at Berkeley, University of

435

Kernel Mechanisms for Supporting Differentiated Services and Content-Aware Request Distribution in Web Clusters Providing Multiple Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we have designed and implemented a kernel-level Web-based QoS (WQoS) mechanism that could efficiently support differentiated services when serving multiple diverse types of Web requests in a cluster-based Web server system. Our mechanism is implemented at kernel level to effectively reduce the number of protection domain switches and data copying between kernel space and user space to

Chun-Hung Wu; Mei-Ling Chiang; Tsung-Lin Lu

2010-01-01

436

Accessibility, usability, and usefulness of a Web-based clinical decision support tool to enhance provider-patient communication around Self-management TO Prevent (STOP) Stroke.  

PubMed

This article reports redesign strategies identified to create a Web-based user-interface for the Self-management TO Prevent (STOP) Stroke Tool. Members of a Stroke Quality Improvement Network (N = 12) viewed a visualization video of a proposed prototype and provided feedback on implementation barriers/facilitators. Stroke-care providers (N = 10) tested the Web-based prototype in think-aloud sessions of simulated clinic visits. Participants' dialogues were coded into themes. Access to comprehensive information and the automated features/systematized processes were the primary accessibility and usability facilitator themes. The need for training, time to complete the tool, and computer-centric care were identified as possible usability barriers. Patient accountability, reminders for best practice, goal-focused care, and communication/counseling themes indicate that the STOP Stroke Tool supports the paradigm of patient-centered care. The STOP Stroke Tool was found to prompt clinicians on secondary stroke-prevention clinical-practice guidelines, facilitate comprehensive documentation of evidence-based care, and support clinicians in providing patient-centered care through the shared decision-making process that occurred while using the action-planning/goal-setting feature of the tool. PMID:24352597

Anderson, Jane A; Godwin, Kyler M; Saleem, Jason J; Russell, Scott; Robinson, Joshua J; Kimmel, Barbara

2014-12-01

437

Jobtong Deep Web Web""Surface WebDeep Web  

E-print Network

Jobtong Deep Web Web Web Web""Surface WebDeep Web Surface WebDeep Web Web[1] 20007BrightPlanet.comDeep Web[2] Web43,000-96,000Web7,500TB(Surface Web500) UIUC5Deep Web[3]2004Deep Web 307,000366,000-535,000"" Deep Web""Google Yahoo32%Deep Web WAMDMWebDeep WebJobtong Deep Web (Jobtong) Jobtong(, http

438

Making Web3D Less Scary: Toward Easy-to-Use Web3D e-Learning Content Development Tools for Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Penny de Byl argues that one of the biggest challenges facing educators today is the integration of rich and immersive three-dimensional environments with existing teaching and learning materials. To empower educators with the ability to embrace emerging Web3D technologies, the Advanced Learning and Immersive Virtual Environment (ALIVE) research

de Byl, Penny

2009-01-01

439

Human dynamics revealed through Web analytics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing ubiquity of Internet access and the frequency with which people interact with it raise the possibility of using the Web to better observe, understand, and monitor several aspects of human social behavior. Web sites with large numbers of frequently returning users are ideal for this task. If these sites belong to companies or universities, their usage patterns can furnish information about the working habits of entire populations. In this work, we analyze the properly anonymized logs detailing the access history to Emory Universitys Web site. Emory is a medium-sized university located in Atlanta, Georgia. We find interesting structure in the activity patterns of the domain and study in a systematic way the main forces behind the dynamics of the traffic. In particular, we find that linear preferential linking, priority-based queuing, and the decay of interest for the contents of the pages are the essential ingredients to understand the way users navigate the Web.

Gonalves, Bruno; Ramasco, Jos J.

2008-08-01

440

Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization  

E-print Network

Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization M. Baglioni1 , U. Ferrara2 , A. Romei/26, 56017 S. Martino Ulmiano (PI) Italy ferrara@ksolutions.it Abstract. We describe the web usage mining behaviour of a web site users. The models are inferred from the access logs of a web server by means of data

Ruggieri, Salvatore

441

Review of extracting information from the Social Web for health personalization.  

PubMed

In recent years the Web has come into its own as a social platform where health consumers are actively creating and consuming Web content. Moreover, as the Web matures, consumers are gaining access to personalized applications adapted to their health needs and interests. The creation of personalized Web applications relies on extracted information about the users and the content to personalize. The Social Web itself provides many sources of information that can be used to extract information for personalization apart from traditional Web forms and questionnaires. This paper provides a review of different approaches for extracting information from the Social Web for health personalization. We reviewed research literature across different fields addressing the disclosure of health information in the Social Web, techniques to extract that information, and examples of personalized health applications. In addition, the paper includes a discussion of technical and socioethical challenges related to the extraction of information for health personalization. PMID:21278049

Fernandez-Luque, Luis; Karlsen, Randi; Bonander, Jason

2011-01-01

442

Network of Research Infrastructures for European Seismology (NERIES) - Web Portal Developments for Interactive Access to Earthquake Data on a European Scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Network of Research Infrastructures for European Seismology (NERIES) is European Commission (EC) project whose focus is networking together seismological observatories and research institutes into one integrated European infrastructure that provides access to data and data products for research. Seismological institutes and organizations in European and Mediterranean countries maintain large, geographically distributed data archives, therefore this scenario suggested a design approach based on the concept of an internet service oriented architecture (SOA) to establish a cyberinfrastructure for distributed and heterogeneous data streams and services. Moreover, one of the goals of NERIES is to design and develop a Web portal that acts as the uppermost layer of the infrastructure and provides rendering capabilities for the underlying sets of data The Web services that are currently being designed and implemented will deliver data that has been adopted to appropriate formats. The parametric information about a seismic event is delivered using a seismology- specific Extensible mark-up Language(XML) format called QuakeML (https://quake.ethz.ch/quakeml), which has been formalized and implemented in coordination with global earthquake-information agencies. Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) are used to assign identifiers to (1) seismic-event parameters described by QuakeML, and (2) generic resources, for example, authorities, locations providers, location methods, software adopted, and so on, described by use of a data model constructed with the resource description framework (RDF) and accessible as a service. The European-Mediterranean Seismological Center (EMSC) has implemented a unique event identifier (UNID) that will create the seismic event URI used by the QuakeML data model. Access to data such as broadband waveform, accelerometric data and stations inventories will be also provided through a set of Web services that will wrap the middleware used by the seismological observatory or institute that is supplying the data. Each single application of the portal consists of a Java-based JSR-168-standard portlet (often provided with interactive maps for data discovery). In specific cases, it will be possible to distribute the deployment of the portlets among the data providers, such as seismological agencies, because of the adoption, within the distributed architecture of the NERIES portal of the Web Services for Remote Portlets (WSRP) standard for presentation-oriented web services The purpose of the portal is to provide to the user his own environment where he can surf and retrieve the data of interest, offering a set of shopping carts with storage and management facilities. This approach involves having the user interact with dedicated tools in order to compose personalized datasets that can be downloaded or combined with other information available either through the NERIES network of Web services or through the user's own carts. Administrative applications also are provided to perform monitoring tasks such as retrieving service statistics or scheduling submitted data requests. An administrative tool is included that allows the RDF model to be extended, within certain constraints, with new classes and properties.

Spinuso, A.; Trani, L.; Rives, S.; Thomy, P.; Euchner, F.; Schorlemmer, D.; Saul, J.; Heinloo, A.; Bossu, R.; van Eck, T.

2008-12-01

443

Network of Research Infrastructures for European Seismology (NERIES)-Web Portal Developments for Interactive Access to Earthquake Data on a European Scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Network of Research Infrastructures for European Seismology (NERIES) is European Commission (EC) project whose focus is networking together seismological observatories and research institutes into one integrated European infrastructure that provides access to data and data products for research. Seismological institutes and organizations in European and Mediterranean countries maintain large, geographically distributed data archives, therefore this scenario suggested a design approach based on the concept of an internet service oriented architecture (SOA) to establish a cyberinfrastructure for distributed and heterogeneous data streams and services. Moreover, one of the goals of NERIES is to design and develop a Web portal that acts as the uppermost layer of the infrastructure and provides rendering capabilities for the underlying sets of data The Web services that are currently being designed and implemented will deliver data that has been adopted to appropriate formats. The parametric information about a seismic event is delivered using a seismology-specific Extensible mark-up Language(XML) format called QuakeML (https://quake.ethz.ch/quakeml), which has been formalized and implemented in coordination with global earthquake-information agencies. Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) are used to assign identifiers to (1) seismic-event parameters described by QuakeML, and (2) generic resources, for example, authorities, locations providers, location methods, software adopted, and so on, described by use of a data model constructed with the resource description framework (RDF) and accessible as a service. The European-Mediterranean Seismological Center (EMSC) has implemented a unique event identifier (UNID) that will create the seismic event URI used by the QuakeML data model. Access to data such as broadband waveform, accelerometric data and stations inventories will be also provided through a set of Web services that will wrap the middleware used by the seismological observatory or institute that is supplying the data. Each single application of the portal consists of a Java-based JSR-168-standard portlet (often provided with interactive maps for data discovery). In specific cases, it will be possible to distribute the deployment of the portlets among the data providers, such as seismological agencies, because of the adoption, within the distributed architecture of the NERIES portal of the Web Services for Remote Portlets (WSRP) standard for presentation-oriented web services The purpose of the portal is to provide to the user his own environment where he can surf and retrieve the data of interest, offering a set of shopping carts with storage and management facilities. This approach involves having the user interact with dedicated tools in order to compose personalized datasets that can be downloaded or combined with other information available either through the NERIES network of Web services or through the user`s own carts. Administrative applications also are provided to perform monitoring tasks such as retrieving service statistics or scheduling submitted data requests. An administrative tool is included that allows the RDF model to be extended, within certain constraints, with new classes and properties.

Spinuso, A.; Trani, L.; Rives, S.; Thomy, P.; Euchner, F.; Schorlemmer, D.; Saul, J.; Heinloo, A.; Bossu, R.; van Eck, T.

2009-04-01

444

ADAPTIVE WEB SITES BY WEB USAGE MINING Yongjian Fu Mario Creado MingYi Shih  

E-print Network

ADAPTIVE WEB SITES BY WEB USAGE MINING Yongjian Fu Mario Creado Ming­Yi Shih Department of Computer An approach for reorganizing a Web site based on user access patterns is proposed. The Web server's log files and the Web pages on the site are first preprocessed to obtain the access statistics of the Web pages

Fu, Yongjian

445

Infranet: Circumventing Web Censorship and Surveillance Nick Feamster, Magdalena Balazinska, Greg Harfst, Hari Balakrishnan, David Karger  

E-print Network

Infranet: Circumventing Web Censorship and Surveillance Nick Feamster, Magdalena Balazinska, Greg of countries and companies rou- tinely block or monitor access to parts of the Internet. To counteract content via cooperating Web servers distributed across the global Internet. These Infranet servers provide

446

Infranet: Circumventing Web Censorship and Surveillance Nick Feamster, Magdalena Balazinska, Greg Harfst, Hari Balakrishnan, David Karger  

E-print Network

Infranet: Circumventing Web Censorship and Surveillance Nick Feamster, Magdalena Balazinska, Greg of countries and companies rou­ tinely block or monitor access to parts of the Internet. To counteract content via cooperating Web servers distributed across the global Internet. These Infranet servers provide

Feamster, Nick

447

Use of a World Wide Web Site Evaluation Tool in Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of assessment of materials on the World Wide Web that may be freely accessible to both instructors and students. Evaluates web sites that cover the periodic table in terms of content and design. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/YDS)

Yates, Paul C.

2000-01-01

448

Experiences in crawling deep web in the context of local search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local search engines allow geographically constrained searching of businesses and their products or services. Some of the local search engines use crawlers for indexing Web page contents. These crawlers mostly index Web pages that are accessible through hyperlinks and which include desirable location information. It is extremely important for local search engines to also crawl additional high-quality \\

Dheerendranath Mundluru; Xiongwu Xia

2008-01-01

449

World Wide Web navigation aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenge for the World Wide Web user is to discover and rediscover useful information from very rich but also very diversified sources in the Web environment. The Web browser is a key interface to facilitate Web information access. In this paper, a framework is proposed to identify and investigate key factors that determine the Web browser's ability to assist

Milena M. Head; Norman P. Archer; Yufei Yuan

2000-01-01

450

Providing Fine-Grained Access Control For Mobile Programs Through Binary Editing  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of WWW, there is considerable interest in programs that can migrate from one host to another and execute. For instance, Java programs are increasingly being us ed to add dynamic content to a web page. When a user accesses the web page through a browser, the browser migrates the Java program and executes it at the user's

Raju Pandey; Brant Hashii

1998-01-01

451

The iLab Shared Architecture: A Web Services Infrastructure to Build Communities of Internet Accessible Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's iLab project has developed a distributed software toolkit and middleware service infrastructure to support Internet-accessible laboratories and promote their sharing among schools and universities on a worldwide scale. The project starts with the assumption that the faculty teaching with online labs and the faculty or academic departments that provide those labs are acting in two

V. Judson Harward; Jesus A. del Alamo; Steven R. Lerman; Philip H. Bailey; Joel Carpenter; Kimberley DeLong; Chris Felknor; James Hardison; Bryant Harrison; Imad Jabbour; Phillip D. Long; Tingting Mao; Loai Naamani; Jedidiah Northridge; Mark Schulz; Daniel Talavera; Charuleka Varadharajan; Shaomin Wang; Karim Yehia; Rabih Zbib; David Zych

2008-01-01

452

A comparative analysis of teacher-authored websites in high school honors and Advanced Placement physics for Web-design and NSES content and process standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether statistically significant differences existed between high school Honors Physics websites and those of Advanced Placement (AP) Physics in terms of Web-design, National Science Education Standards (NSES) Physics content, and NSES Science Process standards. The procedure began with the selection of 152 sites comprising two groups with equal sample sizes of 76 for Honors Physics and for Advanced Placement Physics. The websites used in the study were accumulated using the Google(TM) search engine. To find Honors Physics websites, the search words "honors physics high school" were entered as the query into the search engine. To find sites for Advanced Placement Physics, the query, "advanced placement physics high school," was entered into the search engine. The evaluation of each website was performed using an instrument developed by the researcher based on three attributes: Web-design, NSES Physics content, and NSES Science Process standards. A "1" was scored if the website was found to have each attribute, otherwise a "0" was given. This process continued until all 76 websites were evaluated for each of the two types of physics websites, Honors and Advanced Placement. Subsequently the data were processed using Excel functions and the SPSS statistical software program. The mean and standard deviation were computed individually for the three attributes under consideration. Three, 2-tailed, independent samples t tests were performed to compare the two groups of physics websites separately on the basis of Web Design, Physics Content, and Science Process. The results of the study indicated that there was only one statistically significant difference between high school Honors Physics websites and those of AP Physics. The only difference detected was in terms of National Science Education Standards Physics content. It was found that Advanced Placement Physics websites contained more NSES physics content than Honors Physics websites. There was no significant difference found between the two types of high school physics websites in regards to Web-design, and NSES science process standards. It is hoped that the results of this study may serve as a guide for researchers to explore the role of Web-Assisted Instruction (WAI) as an enhancement to traditional instruction in physics. With the first generation to grow up in the digital age now in high school, WAI may prove to be useful as method to improve critical thinking skills and provide opportunities for inquiry beyond the classroom.

Persin, Ronald C.

453

10/19/10 8:28 PM38320 -Create an ArcGIS.com Web map using URL parameters Page 1 of 2http://resources.arcgis.com/content/kbase?fa=articleShow&d=38320  

E-print Network

10/19/10 8:28 PM38320 - Create an ArcGIS.com Web map using URL parameters Page 1 of 2http://resources.arcgis.com/content/kbase?fa=articleShow&d=38320 HowTo: Create an ArcGIS.com Web map using URL parameters Article ID: 38320 Software: ArcGIS Online parameters within a URL. Procedure An ArcGIS.com Web map is composed of certain URL parameters. The URL

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

454

Securing Web Services Using Semantic Web Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose an authorisation definition and access control solution for Web Services. In our proposal we define\\u000a our access control policies using an OWL-DL language based on the extensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML). We propose\\u000a the use of resource and subject metadata ontologies, also written in OWL. We then present a complete Web Services architecture\\u000a which

Brian Shields; Owen Molloy; Gerard Lyons; Jim Duggan

455

Usability testing of a Smartphone for accessing a web-based e-diary for self-monitoring of pain and symptoms in sickle cell disease.  

PubMed

We examined the usability of smartphones for accessing a web-based e-Diary for self-monitoring symptoms in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). One group of participants (n = 10; mean age, 13.1 2.4 y; 5 M; 5 F) responded to questions using precompleted paper-based measures. A second group (n = 21; mean age, 13.4 2.4 y; 10 M; 11 F) responded based on pain and symptoms they experienced over the previous 12 hours. The e-Diary was completed with at least 80% accuracy when compared to paper-based measures. Symptoms experienced over the previous 12 hours included feeling tired (33.3%), headache (28.6%), coughing (23.8%), lack of energy/fatigue (19.0%), yellowing of the eyes (19.0%), pallor (19.0%), irritability (19.0%), stiffness in joints (19.0%), general weakness (14.3%), and pain (14.3%), rating on average as 2.0 1.7 (on 0 to 10 scale). Overall, sleep was good (8.1 1.4 on the 0 to 10 scale). In conclusion, children with SCD were able to use smartphones to access a web-based e-Diary for reporting pain and symptoms. Smartphones may improve self-reporting of symptoms and communication between patients and their health care providers, who may consequently be able to improve pain and symptom management in children and adolescents with SCD in a timely manner. PMID:22627570

Jacob, Eufemia; Stinson, Jennifer; Duran, Joana; Gupta, Ankur; Gerla, Mario; Ann Lewis, Mary; Zeltzer, Lonnie

2012-07-01

456

Usability Testing of a Smartphone for Accessing a Web-Based e-Diary for Self-Monitoring of Pain and Symptoms in Sickle Cell Disease  

PubMed Central

We examined the usability of smartphones for accessing a web-based e-Diary for self-monitoring symptoms in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). One group of participants (n=10; mean age 13.1 2.4 years; 5M; 5F) responded to questions using pre-completed paper-based measures. A second group (n=21; mean age 13.4 2.4 years; 10M;11F) responded based on pain and symptoms they experienced over the previous 12 hours. The e-Diary was completed with at least 80% accuracy when compared to paper-based measures. Symptoms experienced over the previous 12 hours included feeling tired (33.3%), headache (28.6%), coughing (23.8%), lack of energy/fatigue (19.0%), yellowing of the eyes (19.0%), pallor (19.0%), irritability (19.0%), stiffness in joints (19.0%), general weakness (14.3%), and pain (14.3%), rating on average as 2.0 1.7 (on 0 to 10 scale). Overall, sleep was good (8.1 1.4 on the 0 to 10 scale). In conclusion, children with SCD were able to use smartphones to access a web-based e-Diary for reporting pain and symptoms. Smartphones may improve self-reporting of symptoms and communication between patients and their health care providers, who may consequently be able to improve pain and symptom management in children and adolescents with SCD in a timely manner. PMID:22627570

Jacob, Eufemia; Stinson, Jennifer; Duran, Joana; Gupta, Ankur; Gerla, Mario; Lewis, Mary Ann; Zeltzer, Lonnie

2012-01-01

457

Harnessing the Deep Web: Present and Future  

E-print Network

Over the past few years, we have built a system that has exposed large volumes of Deep-Web content to Google.com users. The content that our system exposes contributes to more than 1000 search queries per-second and spans over 50 languages and hundreds of domains. The Deep Web has long been acknowledged to be a major source of structured data on the web, and hence accessing Deep-Web content has long been a problem of interest in the data management community. In this paper, we report on where we believe the Deep Web provides value and where it does not. We contrast two very different approaches to exposing Deep-Web content -- the surfacing approach that we used, and the virtual integration approach that has often been pursued in the data management literature. We emphasize where the values of each of the two approaches lie and caution against potential pitfalls. We outline important areas of future research and, in particular, emphasize the value that can be derived from analyzing large collections of potenti...

Madhavan, Jayant; Antova, Lyublena; Halevy, Alon

2009-01-01

458

78 FR 951 - Accessible Medical Device Labeling in a Standard Content and Format Public Workshop; Request for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Medical Device Labeling in a Standard Content and Format Public Workshop; Request for...encourage public comments regarding standard content and format for medical device labeling...during the general session. Standard content and format of full labeling and a...

2013-01-07

459

Intelligent and Adaptive Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving  

E-print Network

Intelligent and Adaptive Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving Muhammad Faheem1 and Pierre Kong, Hong Kong firstname.lastname@telecom.paristech.fr Abstract. Web sites are dynamic in nature with content and structure changing overtime. Many pages on the Web are produced by content management systems

Senellart, Pierre

460

Onto-Tools: an ensemble of web-accessible, ontology-based tools for the functional design and interpretation of high-throughput gene expression experiments.  

PubMed

The Onto-Tools suite is composed of an annotation database and five seamlessly integrated web-accessible data mining tools: Onto-Express (OE), Onto-Compare (OC), Onto-Design (OD), Onto-Translate (OT) and Onto-Miner (OM). OM is a new tool that provides a unified access point and an application programming interface for most annotations available. Our database has been enhanced with more than 120 new commercial microarrays and annotations for Rattus norvegicus, Drosophila melanogaster and Carnorhabditis elegans. The Onto-Tools have been redesigned to provide better biological insight, improved performance and user convenience. The new features implemented in OE include support for gene names, LocusLink IDs and Gene Ontology (GO) IDs, ability to specify fold changes for the input genes, links to the KEGG pathway database and detailed output files. OC allows comparisons of the functional bias of more than 170 commercial microarrays. The latest version of OD allows the user to specify keywords if the exact GO term is not known as well as providing more details than the previous version. OE, OC and OD now have an integrated GO browser that allows the user to customize the level of abstraction for each GO category. The Onto-Tools are available online at http://vortex.cs.wayne.edu/Projects.html. PMID:15215428

Khatri, Purvesh; Bhavsar, Pratik; Bawa, Gagandeep; Draghici, Sorin

2004-07-01

461

Previewing Semantic Web Pipes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this demo we present a first implementation of Semantic Web Pipes, a powerful tool to build RDF-based mashups. Semantic Web pipes are defined in XML and when executed they fetch RDF graphs on the Web, operate on them, and produce an RDF output which is itself accessible via a stable URL. Humans can also use pipes directly thanks to

Christian Morbidoni; Danh Le Phuoc; Axel Polleres; Matthias Samwald; Giovanni Tummarello

2008-01-01

462

A Survey of Automatic Deep Web Classification Techniques  

E-print Network

To devise vision of the next generation of the web, deep web technologies have gained larger attention in a last few years. An eminent feature of next generation of web is the automation of tasks. A large part of Deep web comprises of online structured domain specific databases that are accessed using web query interfaces. The information contained in these databases is related to a particular domain. This highly relevant information is more suitable for satisfying the information needs of the users and large scale deep web integration. In order to make this extraction and integration process easier, it is necessary to classify the deep web databases into standard \\ non-standard category domains. There are mainly two types of classification techniques i.e. manual and automatic. As the size of deep web is increasing at an exponential rate with the passage of time, it has become nearly impossible to classify these deep web search sources manually into their respective domains. For this purpose, several automatic deep web classification techniques have been proposed in the literature. In this paper apart from the literature survey, we propose a framework for analysis of automatic classification techniques of deep web. The framework provides a baseline for the analysis of rudiments of automatic classification techniques based on the parameters such as structured, unstructured, simple/advance query forms, content representative extraction methodology, level of classification, performance evaluation criteria and its results. Furthermore, we studied a number of automatic deep web classification techniques in the light of proposed framework.

Umara Noor; Zahid Rashid; Azhar Rauf

463

Creating OGC Web Processing Service workflows using a web-based editor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The OGC WPS (Web Processing Service) specifies how geospatial algorithms may be accessed in an SOA (Service Oriented Architecture). Service providers can encode both simple and sophisticated algorithms as WPS processes and publish them as web services. These services are not only useful individually but may be built into complex processing chains (workflows) that can solve complex data analysis and/or scientific problems. The NETMAR project has extended the Web Processing Service (WPS) framework to provide transparent integration between it and the commonly used WSDL (Web Service Description Language) that describes the web services and its default SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) binding. The extensions allow WPS services to be orchestrated using commonly used tools (in this case Taverna Workbench, but BPEL based systems would also be an option). We have also developed a WebGUI service editor, based on HTML5 and the WireIt! Javascript API, that allows users to create these workflows using only a web browser. The editor is coded entirely in Javascript and performs all XSLT transformations needed to produce a Taverna compatible (T2FLOW) workflow description which can be exported and run on a local Taverna Workbench or uploaded to a web-based orchestration server and run there. Here we present the NETMAR WebGUI service chain editor and discuss the problems associated with the development of a WebGUI for scientific workflow editing; content transformation into the Taverna orchestration language (T2FLOW/SCUFL); final orchestration in the Taverna engine and how to deal with the large volumes of data being transferred between different WPS services (possibly running on different servers) during workflow orchestration. We will also demonstrate using the WebGUI for creating a simple workflow making use of published web processing services, showing how simple services may be chained together to produce outputs that would previously have required a GIS (Geographic Information System) locally.

de Jesus, J.; Walker, P.; Grant, M.

2012-04-01

464

Semantic Web Development with WSDM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, one of the important focal points of the evolution of the World Wide Web is the semantic web: a web in which the semantics of the available content and functionality is made explicit. Web Design Methods, originally aimed at offering the designer a well-structured, systematic approach to web design, now face new opportunities and challenges: on one hand, se-

Peter Plessers; Sven Casteleyn; Olga De Troyer

465

RESTful Web service composition with  

E-print Network

RESTful Web service composition with BPEL for REST Cesare Pautasso Data & Knowledge Engineering (2009) 2010-05-04 Seul-Ki Lee #12;Contents Introduction Background Design principles of RESTful Web SE LAB 2010 #12;Introduction (1/5) Web Service Describes web-based applications over the web

Bae, Doo-Hwan

466

What Are Patients Seeking When They Turn to the Internet? Qualitative Content Analysis of Questions Asked by Visitors to an Orthopaedics Web Site  

PubMed Central

Background More people than ever are turning to the Internet for health-related information, and recent studies indicate that the information patients find online directly affects the decisions they make about their health care. Little is known about the information needs or actual search behavior of people who use the Internet for health information. Objective This study analyzes what people search for when they use a health-education Web site offering information about arthritis, orthopaedics, and sports-medicine topics. Additionally, it determines who is performing these searches: is it patients, friends or relatives of patients, or neither? Finally, it examines the similarities and differences among questions submitted by Web site visitors from different countries. Methods Content analysis was performed on 793 free-text search queries submitted to a patient-education Web site owned and operated by the Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine at the University of Washington Medical Center. The 793-query data set was coded into 3 schemes: (1) the purpose of the query, (2) the topic of the query, and (3) the relationship between the asker of the query and the patient. We determined the country from which each query was submitted by analyzing the Internet Protocol addresses associated with the queries. Results The 5 most frequent reasons visitors searched the Web site were to seek: (1) information about a condition, (2) information about treatment, (3) information about symptoms, (4) advice about symptoms, and (5) advice about treatment. We were able to determine the relationship between the person submitting the query and the patient in question for 178 queries. Of these, the asker was the patient in 140 cases, and the asker was a friend or relative of the patient in 38 cases. The queries were submitted from 34 nations, with most coming from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Canada. When comparing questions submitted from the United States versus those from all other countries, the 3 most frequent types of questions were the same for both groups (and were the top 3 question types listed above). Conclusions These results provide the University of Washington Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, as well as other organizations that provide health-information Web sites, with data about what people around the world are seeking when they turn to the Internet for health information. If Web site managers can adapt their health-information Web sites in response to these findings, patients may be able to find and use Internet-based health information more successfully, enabling them to participate more actively in their health care. PMID:14713652

Knight, Kristin M

2003-01-01

467

Readability Levels of Health-Based Websites: From Content to Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three of the national health education standards include decision-making, accessing information and analyzing influences. WebQuests are a popular inquiry-oriented method used by secondary teachers to help students achieve these content standards. While WebQuests support higher level thinking skills, the readability level of the information on the

Schutten, Mary; McFarland, Allison

2009-01-01

468

A Quantitative Study of Factors Related to Adult E-Learner's Adoption of Web 2.0 Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The content created by digital natives via collaborative Web 2.0 applications provides a rich source of unique knowledge and social capital for their virtual communities of interest. The problem addressed in this study was the limited understanding of older digital immigrants who use Web 2.0 applications to access, distribute, or enhance these

Bledsoe, Johnny Mark

2012-01-01

469

Playing the Web Search Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

quently called "deep" or "invisible" Web. What is the "deep" Web? The indexes in the traditional search engines are built using automated techniques that follow hyper-links in Web documents. There are a large number of document collections on the Web, however, that are not accessible using this method, such as non-Web document collections or databases having a Web front-end. The

Rinat Khoussainov; Nicholas Kushmerick

2003-01-01

470

Web server for priority ordered multimedia services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, our aim is to provide finer priority levels in the design of a general-purpose Web multimedia server with provisions of the CM services. The type of services provided include reading/writing a web page, downloading/uploading an audio/video stream, navigating the Web through browsing, and interactive video teleconferencing. The selected priority encoding levels for such operations follow the order of admin read/write, hot page CM and Web multicasting, CM read, Web read, CM write and Web write. Hot pages are the most requested CM streams (e.g., the newest movies, video clips, and HDTV channels) and Web pages (e.g., portal pages of the commercial Internet search engines). Maintaining a list of these hot Web pages and CM streams in a content addressable buffer enables a server to multicast hot streams with lower latency and higher system throughput. Cold Web pages and CM streams are treated as regular Web and CM requests. Interactive CM operations such as pause (P), resume (R), fast-forward (FF), and rewind (RW) have to be executed without allocation of extra resources. The proposed multimedia server model is a part of the distributed network with load balancing schedulers. The SM is connected to an integrated disk scheduler (IDS), which supervises an allocated disk manager. The IDS follows the same priority handling as the SM, and implements a SCAN disk-scheduling method for an improved disk access and a higher throughput. Different disks are used for the Web and CM services in order to meet the QoS requirements of CM services. The IDS ouput is forwarded to an Integrated Transmission Scheduler (ITS). The ITS creates a priority ordered buffering of the retrieved Web pages and CM data streams that are fed into an auto regressive moving average (ARMA) based traffic shaping circuitry before being transmitted through the network.

Celenk, Mehmet; Godavari, Rakesh K.; Vetnes, Vermund

2001-10-01

471

Accessible online health promotion information for persons with disabilities.  

PubMed

Online health promotion materials have great potential to reach persons with disabilities and provide valuable information to this vulnerable population. While health promotion efforts are important for everyone, they are crucial for individuals with disabilities. Yet information needed to support these efforts is often presented in such a way that its access is limited or its content is inappropriate for this population. Whether designing or selecting online materials for individuals with disabilities, nurses can benefit from knowledge about strategies to make web sites more accessible or to assess the accessibility of existing web sites. The task of providing health promotion information to women with disabilities was undertaken as part of the "Health Promotion for Women with Disabilities Project" at Villanova University's College of Nursing. A web site was created as one method of providing information. This paper presents strategies that are used to make this site accessible. PMID:14998351

Smeltzer, Suzanne C; Zimmerman, Vanessa; Frain, Marita; DeSilets, Lynore; Duffin, Janice

2004-01-01

472

End-user moderation of cognitive accessibility in online communities: case study of brain fog in the lyme community  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of Web 2.0 technologies, more and more online content is being generated by users. Even trained web developers often fail to take accessibility issues into consideration, so it is no surprise that users may fail to do so as well. In this paper, we examine two self-moderating communities of individuals with Lyme disease who are affected by

Kateryna Kuksenok; Jennifer Mankoff

2009-01-01

473

Web Services Based Architecture in Computational Web Portals  

E-print Network

Web Services Based Architecture in Computational Web Portals By Choonhan Youn B.S. The University___________________________________ #12;Abstract Computational web portals provide user environments that simplify access and integrate. The computational web portal, Gateway, consists of a dynamically generated and browser-based user interface

474

Access and scientific exploitation of planetary plasma datasets with the CDPP/AMDA web-based tool  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of planetary sciences has greatly expanded in recent years with space missions orbiting around most of the planets of our Solar System. The growing amount and wealth of data available make it difficult for scientists to exploit data coming from many sources that can initially be heterogeneous in their organization, description and format. It is an important objective of the Europlanet-RI (supported by EU within FP7) to add value to space missions by significantly contributing to the effective scientific exploitation of collected data; to enable space researchers to take full advantage of the potential value of data sets. To this end and to enhance the science return from space missions, innovative tools have to be developed and offered to the community. AMDA (Automated Multi-Dataset Analysis, http://cdpp-amda.cesr.fr/) is a web-based facility developed at CDPP Toulouse in France (http://cdpp.cesr.fr) for on line analysis of space physics data (heliosphere, magnetospheres, planetary environments) coming from either its local database or distant ones. AMDA has been recently integrated as a service to the scientific community for the Plasma Physics thematic node of the Europlanet-RI IDIS (Integrated and Distributed Information Service, http://www.europlanet-idis.fi/) activities, in close cooperation with IWF Graz (http://europlanet-plasmanode.oeaw.ac.at/index.php?id=9). We will report the status of our current technical and scientific efforts to integrate in the local database of AMDA various planetary plasma datasets (at Mercury, Venus, Mars, Earth and Moon, Jupiter, Saturn) from heterogeneous sources, including NASA/Planetary Data System (http://ppi.pds.nasa.gov/). We will also present our prototype Virtual Observatory activities to connect the AMDA tool to the IVOA Aladin astrophysical tool to enable pluridisciplinary studies of giant planet auroral emissions. This presentation will be done on behalf of the CDPP Team and Europlanet-RI IDIS plasma node. The EuroPlaNet-RI project is funded by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Program, grant 228319.

Andre, Nicolas

2012-07-01

475

2Way Text Classification for Harmful Web Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The openness of the Web allows any user to access almost any type of information. However, some information, such as adult con- tent, is not appropriate for all users, notably children. Additionally for adults, some contents included in abnormal porn sites can do ordinary people's mental health harm. In this paper, we propose an e-cient 2-way text fllter for blocking

Youngsoo Kim; Taekyong Nam; Dongho Won

2006-01-01

476

UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office of Communications, Public Relations and Marketing  

E-print Network

UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office of Communications, Public Relations and Marketing Rev. 11/25/2013 UNO Content Management.4 #12;UNO Web Strategy !"#$ ! Web Strategy, a division of the Office

Kulp, Mark

477

Evaluation of food web and fish dietary niches in oligotrophic Lake Annecy by gut content and stable isotope analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gut content analysis (GCA), stable isotopes analysis (SIA), and the multiple sources MixSIR mixing model were used to evaluate the dietary niches of 5 important species in Lake Annecy fisheries. Observations on gut content data revealed a variety of feeding habits, with some potential diet overlap between European whitefish (Coregonous lavaretus), Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus), and Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis)

Muhammad Yamin Janjua; Daniel Gerdeaux

2011-01-01

478

Terms of a Feather: Content-Based News Recommendation and Discovery Using Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a User-generated content has dominated the webs recent growth and today the so-called real-time web provides us with unprecedented access to the real-time opinions, views, and ratings of millions of users. For example, Twitters\\u000a 200m+ users are generating in the region of 1000+ tweets per second. In this work, we propose that this data can be harnessed\\u000a as a useful source

Owen Phelan; Kevin McCarthy; Mike Bennett; Barry Smyth

2011-01-01

479

New places of remembrance: individual web memorials in the Netherlands.  

PubMed

The creation of places of remembrance in virtual space constitutes a new ritual to commemorate the dead. The purpose of this study is to explore for whom individual Web memorials are meaningful places, who are commemorated, and whether they constitute a community of support. We analyzed 181 Dutch Web memorials and conducted content analysis of messages posted in four guestbooks. We found that parents, and in particular mothers, create Web memorials in remembrance of their deceased children. The memorials provide access to a community of social support, consisting primarily of strangers and/or people who have experienced a similar loss. PMID:24593006

Klaassens, Mirjam; Bijlsma, Maarten J

2014-01-01

480

WebStage: an active media enhanced World Wide Web browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web provides us with enormous opportunities to obtain global information. However, conventional browsers are time-intensive, requiring many operations with attendant mental concentration, to view the Web pages. This can ofien discourage people from seeking access to the Web. In this paper, we present an active Web browser, named WebStage. Unlike conventional browsers, it displays Web pages using

Tomoharu Yamaguchi; Itaru Hosomi; Toshiaki Miyashita

1997-01-01

481

WebDrive for knox May 2008 WebDrive Configuration for knox Folders  

E-print Network

WebDrive for knox May 2008 WebDrive Configuration for knox Folders Access the WebDrive software processor. Click ,,Next > on the WebDrive -InstallShield Wizard Welcome box #12;WebDrive for knox May 2008 > to accept the default installation location #12;WebDrive for knox May 2008 Click ,,Install if you are ready

482

The Hidden Web, XML and Semantic Web: A Scientific Data Management Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web no longer consists just of HTML pages. Our work sheds light on a number of trends on the Internet that go beyond simple Web pages. The hidden Web provides a wealth of data in semi-structured form, accessible through Web forms and Web services. These services, as well as numerous other applications on the Web, commonly use

Fabian M. Suchanek; Aparna S. Varde; Richi Nayak; Pierre Senellart

2011-01-01

483

The hidden web, XML and the Semantic Web: scientific data management perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web no longer consists just of HTML pages. Our work sheds light on a number of trends on the Internet that go beyond simple Web pages. The hidden Web provides a wealth of data in semi-structured form, accessible through Web forms and Web services. These services, as well as numerous other applications on the Web, commonly use

Fabian M. Suchanek; Aparna S. Varde; Richi Nayak; Pierre Senellart

2011-01-01

484

The cosmic web of the Local Universe: cosmic variance, matter content and its relation to galaxy morphology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present, for the first time, a Local Universe (LU) characterization using high-precision constrained N-body simulations based on self-consistent phase-space reconstructions of the large-scale structure in the Two-Micron All-Sky Galaxy Redshift Survey. We analyse whether we live in a special cosmic web environment by estimating cosmic variance from a set of unconstrained ?CDM simulations as a function of distance to random observers. By computing volume and mass filling fractions for voids, sheets, filaments and knots, we find that the LU displays a typical scatter of about 1? at scales r ? 15 h-1 Mpc, in agreement with ?CDM, converging to a fair unbiased sample when considering spheres of about 60 h-1 Mpc radius. Additionally, we compute the matter density profile of the LU and we have found a reasonable agreement with the estimates of Karachentsev only when considering the contribution of dark haloes. This indicates that observational estimates might be biased towards low-density values. As a first application of our reconstruction, we investigate the likelihood that different galaxy morphological types inhabit certain cosmic web environments. In particular, we find that, irrespective of the method used to define the web, either based on the density or the peculiar velocity field, elliptical galaxies show a clear tendency to preferentially reside in clusters as opposed to voids (up to levels of 5.3? and 9.8?, respectively) and conversely for spiral galaxies (up to levels of 5.6? and 5.4?, respectively). These findings are compatible with previous works, albeit at higher confidence levels.

Nuza, Sebastin E.; Kitaura, Francisco-Shu; He, Steffen; Libeskind, Noam I.; Mller, Volker

2014-11-01

485

Deep Web Entity Monitoring Mohammadreza Khelghati  

E-print Network

Deep Web Entity Monitoring Mohammadreza Khelghati Database Group University of Twente, Netherlands. This data is defined as hidden web or deep web which is not accessible through search engines. It is estimated that deep web contains data in a scale several times bigger than the data accessible through

Hiemstra, Djoerd

486

Globe Teachers Guide and Photographic Data on the Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The task of managing the GLOBE Online Teacher s Guide during this time period focused on transforming the technology behind the delivery system of this document. The web application transformed from a flat file retrieval system to a dynamic database access approach. The new methodology utilizes Java Server Pages (JSP) on the front-end and an Oracle relational database on the backend. This new approach allows users of the web site, mainly teachers, to access content efficiently by grade level and/or by investigation or educational concept area. Moreover, teachers can gain easier access to data sheets and lab and field guides. The new online guide also included updated content for all GLOBE protocols. The GLOBE web management team was given documentation for maintaining the new application. Instructions for modifying the JSP templates and managing database content were included in this document. It was delivered to the team by the end of October, 2003. The National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) continued to manage the school study site photos on the GLOBE website. 333 study site photo images were added to the GLOBE database and posted on the web during this same time period for 64 schools. Documentation for processing study site photos was also delivered to the new GLOBE web management team. Lastly, assistance was provided in transferring reference applications such as the Cloud and LandSat quizzes and Earth Systems Online Poster from NGDC servers to GLOBE servers along with documentation for maintaining these applications.

Kowal, Dan

2004-01-01

487

Capturing Trust in Social Web Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Web constitutes a shift in information flow from the traditional Web. Previously, content was provided by the owners of a website, for consumption by the end-user. Nowadays, these websites are being replaced by Social Web applications which are frameworks for the publication of user-provided content. Traditionally, Web content could be `trusted' to some extent based on the site

John O'Donovan

2009-01-01

488

RNA FRABASE 2.0: an advanced web-accessible database with the capacity to search the three-dimensional fragments within RNA structures  

PubMed Central

Background Recent discoveries concerning novel functions of RNA, such as RNA interference, have contributed towards the growing importance of the field. In this respect, a deeper knowledge of complex three-dimensional RNA structures is essential to understand their new biological functions. A number of bioinformatic tools have been proposed to explore two major structural databases (PDB, NDB) in order to analyze various aspects of RNA tertiary structures. One of these tools is RNA FRABASE 1.0, the first web-accessible database with an engine for automatic search of 3D fragments within PDB-derived RNA structures. This search is based upon the user-defined RNA secondary structure pattern. In this paper, we present and discuss RNA FRABASE 2.0. This second version of the system represents a major extension of this tool in terms of providing new data and a wide spectrum of novel functionalities. An intuitionally operated web server platform enables very fast user-tailored search of three-dimensional RNA fragments, their multi-parameter conformational analysis and visualization. Description RNA FRABASE 2.0 has stored information on 1565 PDB-deposited RNA structures, including all NMR models. The RNA FRABASE 2.0 search engine algorithms operate on the database of the RNA sequences and the new library of RNA secondary structures, coded in the dot-bracket format extended to hold multi-stranded structures and to cover residues whose coordinates are missing in the PDB files. The library of RNA secondary structures (and their graphics) is made available. A high level of efficiency of the 3D search has been achieved by introducing novel tools to formulate advanced searching patterns and to screen highly populated tertiary structure elements. RNA FRABASE 2.0 also stores data and conformational parameters in order to provide "on the spot" structural filters to explore the three-dimensional RNA structures. An instant visualization of the 3D RNA structures is provided. RNA FRABASE 2.0 is freely available at http://rnafrabase.cs.put.poznan.pl. Conclusions RNA FRABASE 2.0 provides a novel database and powerful search engine which is equipped with new data and functionalities that are unavailable elsewhere. Our intention is that this advanced version of the RNA FRABASE will be of interest to all researchers working in the RNA field. PMID:20459631

2010-01-01

489

VisPort: Web-Based Access to Community-Specific Visualization Functionality [Shedding New Light on Exploding Stars: Visualization for TeraScale Simulation of Neutrino-Driven Supernovae (Final Technical Report)  

SciTech Connect

The VisPort visualization portal is an experiment in providing Web-based access to visualization functionality from any place and at any time. VisPort adopts a service-oriented architecture to encapsulate visualization functionality and to support remote access. Users employ browser-based client applications to choose data and services, set parameters, and launch visualization jobs. Visualization products ?? typically images or movies ?? are viewed in the user??s standard Web browser. VisPort emphasizes visualization solutions customized for specific application communities. Finally, VisPort relies heavily on XML, and introduces the notion of visualization informatics -? the formalization and specialization of information related to the process and products of visualization.

Baker, M Pauline

2007-06-30

490

Developpement web Developpement web  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement web D´eveloppement web Caroline DEVRED, librement adapt´e par Matthieu BASSEUR Universit´e d'Angers 1/230 D´eveloppement web Plan XHTML et CSS Introduction Introduction `a XHTML Javascript Introduction La base Les formulaires Quelques ´ev`enements javascript 2/230 D´eveloppement web

Matthieu, Basseur

491

Crawling the Hidden Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current-day crawlers retrieve content only from the publicly indexable Web, i.e., the set of Web pages reachable purely by following hypertext links, ignoring search forms and pages that require authorization or prior registration. In particular, they ignore the tremendous amount of high qual- ity content \\

Sriram Raghavan; Hector Garcia-molina

2001-01-01

492

An Examination of Automatic Video Retrieval Technology on Access to the Contents of an Historical Video Archive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to provide an initial understanding of the constraints that historical video collections pose to video retrieval technology and the potential that online access offers to both archive and users. Design/methodology/approach: A small and unique collection of videos on customs and folklore was used as a case study. Multiple

Petrelli, Daniela; Auld, Daniel

2008-01-01

493

Visual Data Mining of Web Navigational Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discovering web navigational trends and understand- ing data mining results is undeniably advantageous to web designers and web-based application builders. It is also desirable to interactively investigate web access data and patterns, to allows ad-hoc discovery and examination of patterns that are not apriori known. Visualizing the us- age data in the context of the web site structure is of

Jiyang Chen; Tong Zheng; William Thorne; Osmar R. Zaane; Randy Goebel

2007-01-01

494

Persistence of Web References in Scientific Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The web has greatly improved the accessibility of scientific information, however the role of the web in formal scientific publishing has been debated. Some argue that the lack of persistence of web resources means that they should not be cited in scientific research. We analyze references to web resources in computer science publications, finding that the number of web references

Steve Lawrence; David M. Pennock; Gary William Flake; Robert Krovetz; Frans Coetzee; Eric J. Glover; Finn rup Nielsen; Andries Kruger; C. Lee Giles

2001-01-01

495

A framework of deep Web crawler  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an ever-increasing amount of information on the Web today is available through search interfaces, users have to key in a set of keywords in order to access the pages from certain Web sites, which are often referred to as the hidden Web or the deep Web. Since there is no static links to the hidden Web pages, search engines

Xiang Peisu; Tian Ke; Huang Qinzhen

2008-01-01

496

Web Mining for Hyperlinked Communities  

E-print Network

Web Mining for Hyperlinked Communities Gary William Flake flake@research.nj.nec.com NEC Research Institute #12;Motivation for Web Mining More than 1B web pages and 20TB of raw data. Even more content will always be disorganized (or at best self-organized). In the future, everything will be on the web

Hu, Wen-Chen

497

A comparative web browser (CWB) for browsing and comparing web pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a new type of Web browser, called the Comparative Web Browser(CWB), which concurrently presents multiple Web pages in a way that enables the content of the Web pages to be automatically synchronized. The ability to view multiple Web pages at one time is useful when we wish to make a comparison on the Web, such

Akiyo Nadamoto; Katsumi Tanaka

2003-01-01

498

Part I: Web Structure Mining Chapter 1: Information Retrieval and Web Search  

E-print Network

Part I: Web Structure Mining Chapter 1: Information Retrieval and Web Search · The Web Challenges · Crawling the Web · Indexing and Keyword Search Zdravko Markov and Daniel T. Larose, Data Mining the Web: Uncovering Patterns in Web Content, Structure, and Usage, Wiley, 2007. Slides for Chapter 1: Information

Markov, Zdravko

499

A Web Usage Mining Framework for Mining Evolving User Profiles in Dynamic Web Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a complete framework and findings in mining Web usage patterns from Web log files of a real Web site that has all the challenging aspects of real-life Web usage mining, including evolving user profiles and external data describing an ontology of the Web content. Even though the Web site under study is part of a

Olfa Nasraoui; Maha Soliman; Esin Saka; Antonio Badia; Richard Germain

2008-01-01

500

Zooming Web browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web (WWW) is becoming increasingly important for business, education, and entertainment. Popular web browsers make access to Internet information resources relatively easy for novice users. Simply by clicking on a link, a new page of information replaces the current one on the screen. Unfortunately however, after following a number of links, people can have difficulty remembering where

Benjamin B. Bederson; James D. Hollan; Jason Stewart; David Rogers; Allison Druin; David Vick; E. Grose; C. Forsythe

1996-01-01