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1

Computational Web Intelligence (CWI): synergy of computational intelligence and Web technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

With explosive growth of e-Business on the Internet, and wireless networks, users face more and more challenging network-based application problems in terms of intelligent e-Applications. To increase the QoI (Quality of Intelligence) of e-Business, we propose a new research area called Computational Web Intelligence (CWI) based on both computational intelligence (CI) and Web technology (WT). Generally, the intelligent e-brainware using

Yan-Qing Zhang; T. Y. Lin

2002-01-01

2

The Keck Cosmic Web Imager Chris Martin a  

E-print Network

for Astrophysics, 1216 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 USA b W. M. Keck Observatory, 65-1120 Mamalahoa telescope at the W. M. Keck Observatory (WMKO). KCWI is based on the Cosmic Web Imager (CWI), an instrumentThe Keck Cosmic Web Imager Chris Martin a , Anna Moorea , Patrick Morrisseya , Matt Matuszewski

Martin, Chris

3

Web Mining for Web Image Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a prototype system for image retrieval from the Internet using Web mining. Discusses the architecture of the Web image retrieval prototype; document space modeling; user log mining; and image retrieval experiments to evaluate the proposed system. (AEF)

Chen, Zheng; Wenyin, Liu; Zhang, Feng; Li, Mingjing; Zhang, Hongjiang

2001-01-01

4

Child Well-Being Index (CWI), 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, the Foundation for Child Development and the Child and Youth Well-Being Index Project at Duke University issue a comprehensive measure of how children are faring in the United States. The Overall Composite Child Well-Being Index (CWI) is based on a composite of 28 "Key Indicators" of well-being that are grouped into seven…

Foundation for Child Development, 2010

2010-01-01

5

Web Image Mining: Can We Gather Visual Knowledge for Image Recognition from the Web ?  

E-print Network

Because of the wide spread of digital imaging devices and the World Wide Web, we can easily obtain digital with such diversity, we have proposed gather- ing real world images from the World-Wide Web and using them as training the World Wide Web[14]. We call this project "Web Image Mining for Generic Image Recognition". To say

Yanai, Keiji

6

IGroup: web image search results clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose, IGroup, an efficient and effective algorithm that organizes Web image search results into clusters. IGroup is different from all existing Web image search results clustering algorithms that only cluster the top few images using visual or textual features. Our proposed algorithm first identifies several query-related semantic clusters based on a key phrases extraction algorithm originally

Feng Jing; Changhu Wang; Yuhuan Yao; Kefeng Deng; Lei Zhang; Wei-ying Ma

2006-01-01

7

Retrieving Web Images to Enrich Music Representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Audiovisual media which integrates visual media with audio to enrich music representation, such as music video (MV) or music slideshow, is now more welcome than only audio. In this paper, we proposed a novel approach to automatically retrieve web images appropriately suitable to a given music song. In this approach, an imageability measurement is first proposed to select those meaningful

Zhi-Kun Wangt; Rui Cai; Lei Zhang; Yu Zheng; Jian-min Li

2007-01-01

8

Medical Imaging on the Semantic Web: Annotation and Image Markup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical images are proliferating at an explosive pace, similar to other types of data in e-Science. Technological solutions are needed to enable machines to help researchers and physicians access and use these images optimally. While Semantic Web technologies are showing promise in tackling the information challenges in biomedicine, less attention is focused on leveraging similar technologies in imaging. We are

Daniel L. Rubin; Pattanasak Mongkolwat; Vladimir Kleper; Kaustubh Supekar; David S. Channin

9

Visual ContextRank for web image re-ranking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous web image re-ranking approaches usually construct similarity measure on image level. Considering the diversity of large scale web image database, these approaches ignore the difference of importance between target area and background area in images, thus are not robust to background clutter and may bring some false similarity contribution among images, especially for object query images. We propose ContextRank,

Shuhui Wang; Qingming Huang; Shuqiang Jiang; Lei Qin; Qi Tian

2009-01-01

10

Generic Image Classification Using Visual Knowledge on the Web  

E-print Network

acquisition mechanism from the World Wide Web. Due to the recent spread of digital imaging devices, the demand scenes for generic image classification from the World Wide Web. Our system gathers a large number of im gathered from the World Wide Web automatically as training images. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.4

Yanai, Keiji

11

Intergalactic Medium Emission Observations with the Cosmic Web Imager. II. Discovery of Extended, Kinematically Linked Emission around SSA22 Ly? Blob 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intergalactic medium (IGM) is the dominant reservoir of baryons, delineates the large-scale structure of the universe at low to moderate overdensities, and provides gas from which galaxies form and evolve. Simulations of a cold-dark-matter- (CDM-) dominated universe predict that the IGM is distributed in a cosmic web of filaments and that galaxies should form along and at the intersections of these filaments. While observations of QSO absorption lines and the large-scale distribution of galaxies have confirmed the CDM paradigm, the cosmic web of IGM has never been confirmed by direct imaging. Here we report our observation of the Ly? blob 2 (LAB2) in SSA22 with the Cosmic Web Imager (CWI). This is an integral field spectrograph optimized for low surface brightness, extended emission. With 22 hr of total on- and off-source exposure, CWI has revealed that LAB2 has extended Ly? emission that is organized into azimuthal zones consistent with filaments. We perform numerous tests with simulations and the data to secure the robustness of this result, which relies on data with modest signal-to-noise ratios. We have developed a smoothing algorithm that permits visualization of data cube slices along image or spectral image planes. With both raw and smoothed data cubes we demonstrate that the filaments are kinematically associated with LAB2 and display double-peaked profiles characteristic of optically thick Ly? emission. The flux is 10-20 times brighter than expected for the average emission from the IGM but is consistent with boosted fluorescence from a buried QSO or gravitation cooling radiation. Using simple emission models, we infer a baryon mass in the filaments of at least 1-4 × 1011 M ?, and the dark halo mass is at least 2 × 1012 M ?. The spatial-kinematic morphology is more consistent with inflow from the cosmic web than outflow from LAB2, although an outflow feature maybe present at one azimuth. LAB2 and the surrounding gas have significant and coaligned angular momentum, strengthening the case for their association.

Martin, D. Christopher; Chang, Daphne; Matuszewski, Matt; Morrissey, Patrick; Rahman, Shahin; Moore, Anna; Steidel, Charles C.; Matsuda, Yuichi

2014-05-01

12

The Influence of Web Page Images on the Performance of Web Servers  

E-print Network

The Influence of Web Page Images on the Performance of Web Servers Cristina Hava Muntean, Jennifer, and to find out to what extent the images contained in these Web pages influence these times. We also suggest of the clients who access a site and to keep those who are already visiting it, the owners of commercial sites

13

IGM Emission Observations with the Cosmic Web Imager: II. Discovery of Extended, Kinematically-Linked Emission around SSA22 Lyman-alpha Blob 2  

E-print Network

The intergalactic medium (IGM) is the dominant reservoir of baryons, delineates the large scale structure at low to moderate overdensities, and provides gas from which galaxies form and evolve. Simulations of a Cold Dark Matter (CDM) dominated universe predict that the IGM is distributed in a cosmic web of filaments, and that galaxies should form along and at the intersections of these filaments (Bond et al. 1994; Miralda-Escude et al. 1996). While observations of QSO absorption lines and the large scale distribution of galaxies have confirmed the CDM paradigm, the cosmic web has never been confirmed by direct imaging. Here we report the Lyman-alpha blob 2 (LAB2) in SSA22, with the Cosmic Web Imager. This is an integral field spectrograph optimized for low surface brightness, extended emission. With 22 hours of total source exposure, CWI has revealed that LAB2 has extended Lyman-alpha emission which is consistent with filaments. We perform tests to secure the robustness of this result, which relies on data wi...

Martin, D Christopher; Matuszewski, Matt; Morrissey, Patrick; Rahman, Shahin; Moore, Anna; Steidel, Charles C; Matsuda, Yuichi

2014-01-01

14

Web-based document image processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing numbers of research libraries are turning to the Internet for electron interlibrary loan and for document delivery to patrons. This has been made possible through the widespread adoption of software such as Ariel and DocView. Ariel, a product of the Research Libraries Group, converts paper-based documents to monochrome bitmapped images, and delivers them over the Internet. The National Library of Medicine's DocView is primarily designed for library patrons are beginning to reap the benefits of this new technology, barriers exist, e.g., differences in image file format, that lead to difficulties in the use of library document information. To research how to overcome such barriers, the Communications Engineering Branch of the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, an R and D division of NLM, has developed a web site called the DocMorph Server. This is part of an ongoing intramural R and D program in document imaging that has spanned many aspects of electronic document conversion and preservation, Internet document transmission and document usage. The DocMorph Server Web site is designed to fill two roles. First, in a role that will benefit both libraries and their patrons, it allows Internet users to upload scanned image files for conversion to alternative formats, thereby enabling wider delivery and easier usage of library document information. Second, the DocMorph Server provides the design team an active test bed for evaluating the effectiveness and utility of new document image processing algorithms and functions, so that they may be evaluated for possible inclusion in other image processing software products being developed at NLM or elsewhere. This paper describes the design of the prototype DocMorph Server and the image processing functions being implemented on it.

Walker, Frank L.; Thoma, George R.

1999-12-01

15

Effect of Consumer Perceptions of Web Site Brand Personality and Web Site Brand Association on Web Site Brand Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This study present a conceptual model linking web site brand personality and web site brand association to web site brand\\u000a image. The model was estimated on data from consumers of online products from two countries, Spain and Scotland, using PLS\\u000a technique.

Sandra Loureiro; Silvina Santana

16

What Fraction of Images on the Web Contain Text?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web search engines index text represented in symbolic form. However, it is well known that a fraction of the text on the web is present in the form of images, and the textual content of these images is not indexed by the search engines. This fact immediately raises a few questions: i) What frac- tion of the images on the

Tapas Kanungo; Chang Ha Lee; Roger Bradford

17

The 2009 Foundation for Child Development Child and Youth Well-Being Index (CWI) Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foundation for Child Development Child and Youth Well-Being Index Project at Duke University issues an annual comprehensive measure of how children are faring in the United States. The Child Well-Being Index (CWI) is based on a composite of 28 "Key Indicators" of wellbeing that are grouped into seven "Quality-of-Life/Well-Being Domains,"…

Foundation for Child Development, 2009

2009-01-01

18

A Unified System for Web Personal Image Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Web search engines have developed so fast, Web image retrieval is still a challenging task which needs more efforts to be made. In this paper, a system for personal image retrieval on the WWW is proposed. Particularly, a powerful text-based search engine (for instance, Google and Baidu, etc.) is first borrowed to start the initial retrieval with a given

Lin Xie; Yao Zhao; Zhenfeng Zhu

2008-01-01

19

Intelligent Mining in Image Databases, With Applications to Satellite Imaging and to Web  

E-print Network

Intelligent Mining in Image Databases, With Applications to Satellite Imaging and to Web Search analysis; text in web images; mosaicing satellite images 1 Introduction 1.1 It is necessary to apply data by adding new ideas to the main idea of FFT-based image processing. In this paper, we show how the existing

Kreinovich, Vladik

20

Intelligent Mining in Image Databases, With Applications to Satellite Imaging and to Web  

E-print Network

Intelligent Mining in Image Databases, With Applications to Satellite Imaging and to Web Search analysis; text in web images; mosaicing satellite images 1 Introduction 1.1 It is necessary to apply data by adding new ideas to the main idea of FFT­based image processing. In this paper, we show how the existing

Kreinovich, Vladik

21

Web-based remote collaboration over medical image using web services  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is great need to share the knowledge and experience among physicians on medical image analysis especially on the image of complex or rare diseases. In this paper, we take a stateful Web services approach to build a medical image synchronously collaborative analysis system enables physicians doing synchronous collaborative analysis on medical image over geographic distances. Different from existed systems,

Yonggang Huang; ChunYang Hu; Yongwang Zhao; Dianfu Ma

2009-01-01

22

Design and evaluation of web-based image transmission and display with different protocols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many Web-based image accessing technologies used in medical imaging area, such as component-based (ActiveX Control) thick client Web display, Zerofootprint thin client Web viewer (or called server side processing Web viewer), Flash Rich Internet Application(RIA) ,or HTML5 based Web display. Different Web display methods have different peformance in different network environment. In this presenation, we give an evaluation on two developed Web based image display systems. The first one is used for thin client Web display. It works between a PACS Web server with WADO interface and thin client. The PACS Web server provides JPEG format images to HTML pages. The second one is for thick client Web display. It works between a PACS Web server with WADO interface and thick client running in browsers containing ActiveX control, Flash RIA program or HTML5 scripts. The PACS Web server provides native DICOM format images or JPIP stream for theses clients.

Tan, Bin; Chen, Kuangyi; Zheng, Xichuan; Zhang, Jianguo

2011-03-01

23

SIP: A Web-Based Astronomical Image Processing Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have written an astronomical image processing and analysis program designed to run over the internet in a Java-compatible web browser. The program, Sky Image Processor (SIP), is accessible at the SIP webpage (http://www.phys.vt.edu/SIP). Since nothing is installed on the user's machine, there is no need to download upgrades; the latest version of the program is always instantly available. Furthermore, the Java programming language is designed to work on any computer platform (any machine and operating system). The program could be used with students in web-based instruction or in a computer laboratory setting; it may also be of use in some research or outreach applications. While SIP is similar to other image processing programs, it is unique in some important respects. For example, SIP can load images from the user's machine or from the Web. An instructor can put images on a web server for students to load and analyze on their own personal computer. Or, the instructor can inform the students of images to load from any other web server. Furthermore, since SIP was written with students in mind, the philosophy is to present the user with the most basic tools necessary to process and analyze astronomical images. Images can be combined (by addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division), multiplied by a constant, smoothed, cropped, flipped, rotated, and so on. Statistics can be gathered for pixels within a box drawn by the user. Basic tools are available for gathering data from an image which can be used for performing simple differential photometry, or astrometry. Therefore, students can learn how astronomical image processing works. Since SIP is not part of a commercial CCD camera package, the program is written to handle the most common denominator image file, the FITS format.

Simonetti, J. H.

1999-12-01

24

Complex Image Recognition and Web Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web services offered for human use are being abused by programs. Efforts to defend against these abuses have, over the last 5 years, stimulated the development of a new family of security protocols able to distinguish between human and machine users automatically over graphical user interfaces (GUIs) and networks. AltaVista pioneered this technology in 1997; by 2000, Yahoo! and PayPal

Henry S. Baird

25

On-demand server-side image processing for web-based DICOM image display  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low cost image delivery is needed in modern networked hospitals. If a hospital has hundreds of clients, cost of client systems is a big problem. Naturally, a Web-based system is the most effective solution. But a Web browser could not display medical images with certain image processing such as a lookup table transformation. We developed a Web-based medical image display system using Web browser and on-demand server-side image processing. All images displayed on a Web page are generated from DICOM files on a server, delivered on-demand. User interaction on the Web page is handled by a client-side scripting technology such as JavaScript. This combination makes a look-and-feel of an imaging workstation not only for its functionality but also for its speed. Real time update of images with tracing mouse motion is achieved on Web browser without any client-side image processing which may be done by client-side plug-in technology such as Java Applets or ActiveX. We tested performance of the system in three cases. Single client, small number of clients in a fast speed network, and large number of clients in a normal speed network. The result shows that there are very slight overhead for communication and very scalable in number of clients.

Sakusabe, Takaya; Kimura, Michio; Onogi, Yuzo

2000-04-01

26

Finding Pages on the Unarchived Web Hugo C. Huurdeman1  

E-print Network

the coverage of the Web archive. Second, the link and anchor de- scriptions have a highly skewed distributionFinding Pages on the Unarchived Web Hugo C. Huurdeman1 Anat Ben-David1 Jaap Kamps1 Thaer Samar2 & Informatica, Amsterdam, The Netherlands {huurdeman|a.ben-david|kamps}@uva.nl {samar|arjen}@cwi.nl ABSTRACT Web

Kamps, Jaap

27

Web interface for image processing algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution we present an interface for image processing algorithms that has been made recently available on the Internet (http://nibbler.uni-koblenz.de). First, we show its usefulness compared to some other existing products. After a description of its architecture, its main features are then presented: the particularity of the user management, its image database, its interface, and its original quarantine system. We finally present the result of an evaluation performed by students in image processing.

Chastel, Serge; Schwab, Guido; Paulus, Dietrich

2003-12-01

28

Design and evaluation of web-based image transmission and display with different protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many Web-based image accessing technologies used in medical imaging area, such as component-based (ActiveX Control) thick client Web display, Zerofootprint thin client Web viewer (or called server side processing Web viewer), Flash Rich Internet Application(RIA) ,or HTML5 based Web display. Different Web display methods have different peformance in different network environment. In this presenation, we give an evaluation

Bin Tan; Kuangyi Chen; Xichuan Zheng; Jianguo Zhang

2011-01-01

29

3/20/2008 NRAMM Instructions for Viewing Images on the NRAMM Web Viewer  

E-print Network

tools. · On the web based image viewer you can select from three browser lists (see Figure 2): o and systematically load every image in the Image Browser List into the web browser viewing window as fast3/20/2008 NRAMM 1 Instructions for Viewing Images on the NRAMM Web Viewer · Connect to http

30

Adaptation of web pages and images for mobile applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we introduce our new visualization service which presents web pages and images on arbitrary devices with differing display resolutions. We analyze the layout of a web page and simplify its structure and formatting rules. The small screen of a mobile device is used much better this way. Our new image adaptation service combines several techniques. In a first step, border regions which do not contain relevant semantic content are identified. Cropping is used to remove these regions. Attention objects are identified in a second step. We use face detection, text detection and contrast based saliency maps to identify these objects and combine them into a region of interest. Optionally, the seam carving technique can be used to remove inner parts of an image. Additionally, we have developed a software tool to validate, add, delete, or modify all automatically extracted data. This tool also simulates different mobile devices, so that the user gets a feeling of how an adapted web page will look like. We have performed user studies to evaluate our web and image adaptation approach. Questions regarding software ergonomics, quality of the adapted content, and perceived benefit of the adaptation were asked.

Kopf, Stephan; Guthier, Benjamin; Lemelson, Hendrik; Effelsberg, Wolfgang

2009-02-01

31

Impact of Internet Images: Impression-Formation Effects of University Web Site Images  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutions of higher education are increasingly becoming dependent on Web-based marketing to reach out to their target audiences. The current empirical study examines the types of impressions formed by prospective students based on exposure to different university Web site images. A between-subjects experiment was conducted using four identical…

Ramasubramanian, Srividya; Gyure, James F.; Mursi, Nasreen M.

2002-01-01

32

Getting the picture: medical images on the Web.  

PubMed

Visual representations are used to convey ideas and concepts. They add value to educational venues. Files digitized from hard-copy media or born-digital files are standard formats, and the Internet is a resource for locating billions of these files. Searchers should be cognizant of the legal and ethical implications of using images downloaded from the Internet. This article intends to inform users about medical images on the Internet, as well as providing a select list of Web-based medical image sources. PMID:17135151

Farrell, Ann

2006-01-01

33

Image Annotation Refinement Using Web-Based Keyword Correlation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a novel approach that automatically refines the image annotations generated by a non-parametric density\\u000a estimation model. We re-rank these initial annotations following a heuristic algorithm, which uses semantic relatedness measures\\u000a based on keyword correlation on the Web. Existing approaches that rely on keyword co-occurrence can exhibit limitations, as\\u000a their performance depend on the quality and coverage provided

Ainhoa Llorente; Enrico Motta; Stefan M. Rüger

2009-01-01

34

Autonomous system for web-based microarray image analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software-based feature extraction from DNA microarray images still requires human intervention on various levels. Manual adjustment of grid and metagrid parameters, precise alignment of superimposed grid templates and gene spots, or simply identification of large-scale artifacts have to be performed beforehand to reliably analyze DNA signals and correctly quantify their expression values. Ideally, a Web-based system with input solely confined

Daniel Bozinov

2003-01-01

35

Medical Imaging on the Semantic Web: Annotation and Image Markup Daniel L. Rubin,1  

E-print Network

Medical Imaging on the Semantic Web: Annotation and Image Markup Daniel L. Rubin,1 Pattanasak Mongkolwat,2 Vladimir Kleper,2 Kaustubh Supekar,1 and David S. Channin2 1 Department of Radiology and Center for Biomedical Informatics Research, Stanford University MSOB X-215, Stanford, CA 94305 2 Department of Radiology

Rubin, Daniel L.

36

The image database stores metadata and URL addresses to JPEG images stored on a web server.Each image on the web  

E-print Network

The image database stores metadata and URL addresses to JPEG images stored on a web server. This database integration would allow for the production of guides that could carry titles such as Flora for the production of both custom keys and natural language descriptions.This database structure was initially based

Hall, Sharon J.

37

World-Wide Web Tools for Locating Planetary Images  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The explosive growth of the World-Wide Web (WWW) in the past year has made it feasible to provide interactive graphical tools to assist scientists in locating planetary images. The highest available resolution images of any site of interest can be quickly found on a map or plot, and, if online, displayed immediately on nearly any computer equipped with a color screen, an Internet connection, and any of the free WWW browsers. The same tools may also be of interest to educators, students, and the general public. Image finding tools have been implemented covering most of the solar system: Earth, Mars, and the moons and planets imaged by Voyager. The Mars image-finder, which plots the footprints of all the high-resolution Viking Orbiter images and can be used to display any that are available online, also contains a complete scrollable atlas and hypertext gazetteer to help locating areas. The Earth image-finder is linked to thousands of Shuttle images stored at NASA/JSC, and displays them as red dots on a globe. The Voyager image-finder plots images as dots, by longitude and apparent target size, linked to online images. The locator (URL) for the top-level page is http: //ic-www.arc.nasa.gov/ic/projects/bayes-group/Atlas/. Through the efforts of the Planetary Data System and other organizations, hundreds of thousands of planetary images are now available on CD-ROM, and many of these have been made available on the WWW. However, locating images of a desired site is still problematic, in practice. For example, many scientists studying Mars use digital image maps, which are one third the resolution of Viking Orbiter survey images. When they douse Viking Orbiter images, they often work with photographically printed hardcopies, which lack the flexibility of digital images: magnification, contrast stretching, and other basic image-processing techniques offered by off-the-shelf software. From the perspective of someone working on an experimental image processing technique for super-resolution, the discovery that potential users are often not using the highest resolution already available, nor using conventional image processing techniques, was surprising. This motivated the present work.

Kanefsky, Bob; Deiss, Ron (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

38

MIAPS: a web-based system for remotely accessing and presenting medical images.  

PubMed

MIAPS (medical image access and presentation system) is a web-based system designed for remotely accessing and presenting DICOM image. MIAPS is accessed with web browser through the Internet. MIAPS provides four features: DICOM image retrieval, maintenance, presentation and output. MIAPS does not intent to replace sophisticated commercial and open source packages, but it provides a web-based solution for teleradiology and medical image sharing. The system has been evaluated by 39 hospitals in China for 10 months. PMID:24183386

Shen, Hualei; Ma, Dianfu; Zhao, Yongwang; Sun, Hailong; Sun, Sujun; Ye, Rongwei; Huang, Lei; Lang, Bo; Sun, Yan

2014-01-01

39

Youpi: A Web-based Astronomical Image Processing Pipeline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Youpi stands for “YOUpi is your processing PIpeline”. It is a portable, easy to use web application providing high level functionalities to perform data reduction on scientific FITS images. It is built on top of open source processing tools that are released to the community by Terapix, in order to organize your data on a computer cluster, to manage your processing jobs in real time and to facilitate teamwork by allowing fine-grain sharing of results and data. On the server side, Youpi is written in the Python programming language and uses the Django web framework. On the client side, Ajax techniques are used along with the Prototype and script.aculo.us Javascript librairies.

Monnerville, M.; Sémah, G.

2010-12-01

40

Exploring Interaction Between Images and Texts for Web Image Categorization  

E-print Network

With the rapid development of technologies for fast access to the Internet and the popularization of digital access to the Internet and the populariza- tion of digital cameras, enormous digital images are posted an increasingly important role in human's daily activities. With the rapid development of technologies of fast

Li, Tao

41

Weighted median image sharpeners for the World Wide Web.  

PubMed

A class of robust weighted median (WM) sharpening algorithms is developed in this paper. Unlike traditional linear sharpening methods, weighted median sharpeners are shown to be less sensitive to background random noise or to image artifacts introduced by JPEG and other compression algorithms. These concepts are extended to include data dependent weights under the framework of permutation weighted medians leading to tunable sharpeners that, in essence, are insensitive to noise and compression artifacts. Permutation WM sharpeners are subsequently generalized to smoother/sharpener structures that can sharpen edges and image details while simultaneously filter out background random noise. A statistical analysis of the various algorithms is presented, theoretically validating the characteristics of the proposed sharpening structures. A number of experiments are shown for the sharpening of JPEG compressed images and sharpening of images with background film-grain noise. These algorithms can prove useful in the enhancement of compressed or noisy images posted on the World Wide Web (WWW) as well as in other applications where the underlying images are unavoidably acquired with noise. PMID:18244668

Fischer, Marco; Paredes, José L; Arce, Gonzalo R

2002-01-01

42

Imaging the Low Red-shift Cosmic Web  

E-print Network

The first image of a Cosmic Web, Lyman Limit System has just been made in HI emission within the Local Group filament connecting M31 and M33. The corresponding HI distribution function is in very good agreement with that of the QSO absorption lines, confirming the 30-fold increase in surface area expected between 10^19 cm^-2 and 10^17 cm^-2. The critical observational challenge is crossing the ``HI desert'', the range of log(N_HI) from about 19.5 down to 18, over which photo-ionization by the intergalactic radiation field produces an exponential decline in the neutral fraction from essentially unity down to a few percent. Nature is kinder again to the HI observer below log(N_HI) = 18, where the neutral fraction decreases only very slowly with log(N_HI). Average spectra of the M31/M33 filament suggest a kinetic temperature of 2x10^5 K for the parent ion population, consistent with significant shock-heating. The brightest knot within the filament, with only a 2x10^4 K apparent temperature, is suggestive of localized cooling and condensation. We have initiated two complimentary surveys that should lay the groundwork for a comprehensive study of the Cosmic Web phenomenon in HI emission. When combined with targeted optical and UV absorption line observations, the total baryonic masses and enrichment histories of the Cosmic Web could be determined over the complete range of environmental over-densities.

Robert Braun; David Thilker

2005-01-17

43

Auto-generation of topic hierarchies for web images from users' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an approach to automatically generating a Yahoo!-like topic hierarchy for organizing Web images from users' perspectives. Relatively little effort has been devoted towards providing such a taxonomy simultaneously considering users' image requests for semantic and visual information. Based on the characteristic that a Web-image query may be refined by various attributes, the proposed approach hierarchically

Pu-Jen Cheng; Lee-Feng Chien

2003-01-01

44

HI Imaging the Low Red-shift Cosmic Web  

E-print Network

Only in recent years has the realization emerged that galaxies do not dominate the universal baryon budget but are merely the brightest pearls of an underlying Cosmic Web. Although the gas in these inter-galactic filaments is moderately to highly ionized, QSO absorption lines have shown that the surface area increases dramatically in going down to lower HI column densities. The first image of the Cosmic Web in HI emission has just been made of the Local Group filament connecting M31 and M33. The corresponding HI distribution function is in very good agreement with that of the QSO absorption lines, confirming the 30-fold increase in surface area expected between 10^19 cm^-2 and 10^17 cm^-2. The critical observational challenge is crossing the "HI desert", the range of log(N_HI) from about 19.5 down to 18, over which photo-ionization by the intergalactic radiation field produces an exponential decline in the neutral fraction from essentially unity down to a few percent. Nature is kinder again to the HI observer below log(N_HI)=18, where the neutral fraction decreases only very slowly with log(N_HI). With the SKA we can begin the systematic study of the Cosmic Web beyond the Local Group. With moderate integration times, the necessary resolution and sensitivity can be achieved out to distances beyond the Virgo cluster. When combined with targeted optical and UV absorption line observations, the total baryonic masses and enrichment histories of the Cosmic Web will be determined over the complete range of environmental over-densities.

Robert Braun

2004-09-09

45

Characterizing Objectionable Image Content (Pornography and Nude Images) of Specific Web Segments: Chile as a Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we perform a characterization of the objectionable image content (pornography and nude images) of the Chilean web (.cl domain). This characterization is based on a novel objectionable image filtering system that detects porno and nude images. In an automated process we examine all .cl websites and download a large number of the images available. Then, we analyze

Javier Ruiz-del-solar; V. Castañeda; Rodrigo Verschae; Ricardo A. Baeza-yates; F. Ortiz

2005-01-01

46

Web Services for Dynamic Coloring of UAVSAR Images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

QuakeSim has implemented a service-based Geographic Information System to enable users to access large amounts of Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) data through an online interface. The QuakeSim Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) profile tool calculates radar-observed displacement (from an unwrapped interferogram product) along user-specified lines. Pre-rendered thumbnails with InSAR fringe patterns are used to display interferogram and unwrapped phase images on a Google Map in the InSAR profile tool. One challenge with this tool lies in the user visually identifying regions of interest when drawing the profile line. This requires that the user correctly interpret the InSAR imagery, which currently uses fringe patterns. The mapping between pixel color and pixel value is not a one-to-one relationship from the InSAR fringe pattern, and it causes difficulty in understanding general displacement information for QuakeSim users. The goal of this work is to generate color maps that directly reflect the pixel values (displacement) as an addition to the pre-rendered images. Because of an extremely uneven distribution of pixel values on an InSAR image, a histogram-based, nonlinear color template generation algorithm is currently under development. A web service enables on-the-fly coloring of UAVSAR images with dynamically generated color templates.

Wang, Jun; Pierce, Marlon; Donnellan, Andrea; Parker, Jay

2014-10-01

47

IMAGE EXPLORER: Astronomical Image Analysis on an HTML5-based Web Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large datasets produced by recent astronomical imagers cause the traditional paradigm for basic visual analysis - typically downloading one's entire image dataset and using desktop clients like DS9, Aladin, etc. - to not scale, despite advances in desktop computing power and storage. This paper describes Image Explorer, a web framework that offers several of the basic visualization and analysis functionality commonly provided by tools like DS9, on any HTML5 capable web browser on various platforms. It uses a combination of the modern HTML5 canvas, JavaScript, and several layers of lossless PNG tiles producted from the FITS image data. Astronomers are able to rapidly and simultaneously open up several images on their web-browser, adjust the intensity min/max cutoff or its scaling function, and zoom level, apply color-maps, view position and FITS header information, execute typically used data reduction codes on the corresponding FITS data using the FRIAA framework, and overlay tiles for source catalog objects, etc.

Gopu, A.; Hayashi, S.; Young, M. D.

2014-05-01

48

A Taxonomy of Web Agents Zhisheng Huang , Anton Eliens ;+ , Alex van Ballegooij + , and Paul de Bra ;+  

E-print Network

A Taxonomy of Web Agents Zhisheng Huang #3; , Anton EliË?ens #3;;+ , Alex van Ballegooij,eliensg@cs.vu.nl, alexb@cwi.nl, debra@win.tue.nl Abstract In this paper we propose a taxonomy of web agents, which as avatar­ embodied guides that help visitors to navigate in virtual en­ vironments. Our taxonomy must

Huang, Zhisheng

49

ImageJS: Personalized, participated, pervasive, and reproducible image bioinformatics in the web browser  

PubMed Central

Background: Image bioinformatics infrastructure typically relies on a combination of server-side high-performance computing and client desktop applications tailored for graphic rendering. On the server side, matrix manipulation environments are often used as the back-end where deployment of specialized analytical workflows takes place. However, neither the server-side nor the client-side desktop solution, by themselves or combined, is conducive to the emergence of open, collaborative, computational ecosystems for image analysis that are both self-sustained and user driven. Materials and Methods: ImageJS was developed as a browser-based webApp, untethered from a server-side backend, by making use of recent advances in the modern web browser such as a very efficient compiler, high-end graphical rendering capabilities, and I/O tailored for code migration. Results: Multiple versioned code hosting services were used to develop distinct ImageJS modules to illustrate its amenability to collaborative deployment without compromise of reproducibility or provenance. The illustrative examples include modules for image segmentation, feature extraction, and filtering. The deployment of image analysis by code migration is in sharp contrast with the more conventional, heavier, and less safe reliance on data transfer. Accordingly, code and data are loaded into the browser by exactly the same script tag loading mechanism, which offers a number of interesting applications that would be hard to attain with more conventional platforms, such as NIH's popular ImageJ application. Conclusions: The modern web browser was found to be advantageous for image bioinformatics in both the research and clinical environments. This conclusion reflects advantages in deployment scalability and analysis reproducibility, as well as the critical ability to deliver advanced computational statistical procedures machines where access to sensitive data is controlled, that is, without local “download and installation”. PMID:22934238

Almeida, Jonas S.; Iriabho, Egiebade E.; Gorrepati, Vijaya L.; Wilkinson, Sean R.; Gruneberg, Alexander; Robbins, David E.; Hackney, James R.

2012-01-01

50

Collection Fusion Using Bayesian Estimation of a Linear Regression Model in Image Databases on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the collection fusion problem of image databases, concerned with retrieving relevant images by content based retrieval from image databases distributed on the Web. Focuses on a metaserver which selects image databases supporting similarity measures and proposes a new algorithm which exploits a probabilistic technique using Bayesian…

Kim, Deok-Hwan; Chung, Chin-Wan

2003-01-01

51

A web interface for 3D visualization and interactive segmentation of medical images  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a web-accessible image visualization and processing framework well-suited for medical applications. Exploiting client-side HTML5 and WebGL technologies, our proposal allows the end-user to efficiently browse and visualize volumic images in an Out-Of-Core (OOC) manner, annotate and apply server-side image processing algorithms and interactively visualize 3D medical models. Server-side implementation is driven by a file-based, simple, robust and flexible

Hector Jacinto; Razmig Kéchichian; Michel Desvignes; Rémy Prost; Sébastien Valette

2012-01-01

52

Web-Based Test Bed for Fingerprint Image Comparison Hany H. Ammar, Xuhui Zhen,  

E-print Network

Web-Based Test Bed for Fingerprint Image Comparison Hany H. Ammar, Xuhui Zhen, Diaa Nassar, Yingzi-6109 hammar@wvu.edu Abstract This paper addresses the problem of testing an automated fingerprint comparison system. In this research, a web-based test bed is developed to assist the experiments in Fingerprint

Ammar, Hany H.

53

Proceeding with Keyword-Based Web-Image Annotation Conceptually in Folksonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image annotation becomes increasingly more important as the Web continues to grow. We propose a novel approach to enhancing keyword-based Web-image annotation in folksonomy, where a volunteer user is notified what kind(s) of keywords are necessary, and that keywords have been sufficiently provided by other volunteer users. Necessary information is obtained from the keyword-filled facet tables, and sufficient information provided

Makoto Nakashima; Takahiro Hiyama; Keizo Sato; Tetsuro Ito

2009-01-01

54

Robust image obfuscation for privacy protection in Web 2.0 applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present two approaches to robust image obfuscation based on permutation of image regions and channel intensity modulation. The proposed concept of robust image obfuscation is a step towards end-to-end security in Web 2.0 applications. It helps to protect the privacy of the users against threats caused by internet bots and web applications that extract biometric and other features from images for data-linkage purposes. The approaches described in this paper consider that images uploaded to Web 2.0 applications pass several transformations, such as scaling and JPEG compression, until the receiver downloads them. In contrast to existing approaches, our focus is on usability, therefore the primary goal is not a maximum of security but an acceptable trade-off between security and resulting image quality.

Poller, Andreas; Steinebach, Martin; Liu, Huajian

2012-03-01

55

A Rose is a Roos is a Ruusu: Querying Translations for Web Image Search Janara Christensen Mausam Oren Etzioni  

E-print Network

A Rose is a Roos is a Ruusu: Querying Translations for Web Image Search Janara Christensen Mausam that IDIOM out- performs Google Images and other com- peting algorithms returning 22% more rel- evant images

Mausam

56

Interactive Display of High-Resolution Images on the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Viewing high-resolution images on the World Wide Web at a level of detail necessary for collaborative research is still a problem today, given the Internet's current bandwidth limitations and its ever increasing network traffic. ImageEyes is an interactive display tool being developed at Utah State University that addresses this problem by…

Clyde, Stephen W.; Hirschi, Gregory W.

57

A FRAMEWORK OF WEB-BASED SERVICE SYSTEM FOR SATELLITE IMAGES AUTOMATIC ORTHORECTIFICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The orthorectification of satellite images is a foundational process in satellite applications. With the improvement of the satellite imaging technology and the orthorectification calculation models, the collection of Ground Control Point (GCP) is becoming the key factor restricting the efficiency and precision of orthorectification. At the same time, the services based on web in the geographic information filed have obtained

Jiaojiao Tian; Xinming Tang; Huabin Wang

58

Web Enabled Client-Server Model for Development Environment of Distributed Image Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image processing applications (IPA) requirements can be best met by using the distributed environment. The authors had developed an environment over a network of VAX\\/VMS and Unix for distributed image processing. The efficiency was as high as 90-95%. This paper presents an augmentation and generalization of the environment using Java and web technology to make it truly system independent. Although

Haresh S. Bhatt; V. H. Patel; Akshai K. Aggarwal

2000-01-01

59

Keynote Talk: Mining the Web 2.0 for Improved Image Search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are several semantic sources that can be found in the Web that are either explicit, e.g. Wikipedia, or implicit, e.g. derived from Web usage data. Most of them are related to user generated content (UGC) or what is called today the Web 2.0. In this talk we show how to use these sources of evidence in Flickr, such as tags, visual annotations or clicks, which represent the the wisdom of crowds behind UGC, to improve image search. These results are the work of the multimedia retrieval team at Yahoo! Research Barcelona and they are already being used in Yahoo! image search. This work is part of a larger effort to produce a virtuous data feedback circuit based on the right combination many different technologies to leverage the Web itself.

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

60

Prototype Web-based continuing medical education using FlashPix images.  

PubMed Central

Continuing Medical Education (CME) is a requirement among practicing physicians to promote continuous enhancement of clinical knowledge to reflect new developments in medical care. Previous research has harnessed the Web to disseminate complete pathology CME case studies including history, images, diagnoses, and discussions to the medical community. Users submit real-time diagnoses and receive instantaneous feedback, eliminating the need for hard copies of case material and case evaluation forms. This project extends the Web-based CME paradigm with the incorporation of multi-resolution FlashPix images and an intuitive, interactive user interface. The FlashPix file format combines a high-resolution version of an image with a hierarchy of several lower resolution copies, providing real-time magnification via a single image file. The Web interface was designed specifically to simulate microscopic analysis, using the latest Javascript, Java and Common Gateway Interface tools. As the project progresses to the evaluation stage, it is hoped that this active learning format will provide a practical and efficacious environment for continuing medical education with additional application potential in classroom demonstrations, proficiency testing, and telepathology. Using Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 and above, the working prototype Web-based CME environment is accessible at http://telepathology.upmc.edu/WebInterface/NewInterface/welcome.html. PMID:11079926

Landman, A.; Yagi, Y.; Gilbertson, J.; Dawson, R.; Marchevsky, A.; Becich, M. J.

2000-01-01

61

Public Domain GIS, Mapping & Imaging Using Web-based Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we outline a series of related applications and a web service designed to enable non-expert users to develop online visualizations which are essentially map-based. In the last five years, public domain GIS (geographic information systems) software for map display and beyond has become available for non-expert users in the public domain, the best examples being the various

Andy Hudson-Smith; Richard Milton; Michael Batty; Maurizio Gibin; Paul Longley; Alex Singleton

62

Web Image Retrieval Using Self-Organizing Feature Map.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of current image retrieval systems. Describes the architecture of the SOFM (Self Organizing Feature Maps) based image retrieval system, discussing the system architecture and features. Introduces the Kohonen model, and describes the implementation details of SOFM computation and its learning algorithm. Presents a test example…

Wu, Qishi; Iyengar, S. Sitharama; Zhu, Mengxia

2001-01-01

63

Web Application System with Synthetic Aperture Rader Image Processing for Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Remotely sensed images observed by synthetic aperture radar (SAR) become to be more significant for a variety of purposes. It is necessary to process and focus SAR images at a user's side for required precision. This paper presents a concept, a system structure, and an implementation method for a web application system with a SAR image processing for education. The system employs Ajax technology in consideration of current computer and network systems. This system has three software components, a SAR server, an HTTP server, and a web browser in each terminal computer. The SAR server is the main component for managing the SAR database and processing all SAR data sets. The range-Doppler method is adopted as a focusing algorithm. Three displaying measures are newly introduced since the SAR images are sets of mass complex number pixels. Operation of SAR image, sample processed images are shown to exhibit actual examples of processing ALOS PALSAR (Advanced Land Observing Satellite Phased Array type L-band SAR) data. From step-by-step processing results, the proposed web application system was demonstrated to provide a useful graphical user interface (GUI) and to produce the SAR image with adjusted parameters by using dialogs.

Teramoto, Yuuhei; Ito, Yosuke; Abe, Kenji

64

An Image Retrieval and Processing Expert System for the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a system that is being developed in the Laboratory of Applied Remote Sensing and Image Processing at the University of P.R. at Mayaguez. It describes the components that constitute its architecture. The main elements are: a Data Warehouse, an Image Processing Engine, and an Expert System. Together, they provide a complete solution to researchers from different fields that make use of images in their investigations. Also, since it is available to the World Wide Web, it provides remote access and processing of images.

Rodriguez, Ricardo; Rondon, Angelica; Bruno, Maria I.; Vasquez, Ramon

1998-01-01

65

Time-Sensitive Web Image Ranking and Retrieval via Dynamic Multi-Task Regression  

E-print Network

Time-Sensitive Web Image Ranking and Retrieval via Dynamic Multi-Task Regression Why Time users' implicit intents. - Cardinal is polysemous: red bird, football, and baseball team. 2. Timing suitability can be used as a complementary ranking attribute to relevance. - Improve diversity or break ties

Xing, Eric P.

66

THE IMAGE OF INVESTMENT AND FINANCIAL SERVICES COMPANIES IN WWW LANDSCAPE (WORLD WIDE WEB)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world where the internet and its image are becoming more and more important, this study is about the importance of Investment and Financial Services Companies web sites. Market competition, creates the need of studies, focused on assessing and analyzing the websites of companies who are active in this sector. Our study wants to respond at several questions related

Iancu Ioana Ancuta

2011-01-01

67

SPIDER and WEB: Processing and Visualization of Images in 3D Electron Microscopy and Related Fields  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SPIDER system has evolved into a comprehensive tool set for image processing, making use of modern graphics interfacing in the VMS and UNIX environment. SPIDER and WEB handle the complementary tasks of batch processing and visualization of the results. The emphasis of the SPIDER system remains in the area of single particle averaging and reconstruction, although a variety of

Mahieddine Ladjadj; Ardean Leith

1996-01-01

68

Visual Links in the World-Wide Web: The Uses and Limitations of Image Maps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As information delivery systems on the Internet increasingly evolve into World Wide Web browsers, understanding key graphical elements of the browser interface is critical to the design of effective information display and access tools. Image maps are one such element, and this document describes a pilot study that collected, reviewed, and…

Cochenour, John J.; And Others

69

A web-based approach to image-based lighting using high dynamic range images and QuickTime object virtual reality  

E-print Network

A WEB-BASED APPROACH TO IMAGE-BASED LIGHTING USING HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES AND QUICKTIME ™ OBJECT VIRTUAL REALITY A Thesis by TAMARA CUELLAR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2008 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences A WEB-BASED APPROACH TO IMAGE-BASED LIGHTING USING HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES AND QUICKTIME ™ OBJECT VIRTUAL REALITY A...

Cuellar, Tamara Melissa

2008-10-10

70

A midas plugin to enable construction of reproducible web-based image processing pipelines  

PubMed Central

Image processing is an important quantitative technique for neuroscience researchers, but difficult for those who lack experience in the field. In this paper we present a web-based platform that allows an expert to create a brain image processing pipeline, enabling execution of that pipeline even by those biomedical researchers with limited image processing knowledge. These tools are implemented as a plugin for Midas, an open-source toolkit for creating web based scientific data storage and processing platforms. Using this plugin, an image processing expert can construct a pipeline, create a web-based User Interface, manage jobs, and visualize intermediate results. Pipelines are executed on a grid computing platform using BatchMake and HTCondor. This represents a new capability for biomedical researchers and offers an innovative platform for scientific collaboration. Current tools work well, but can be inaccessible for those lacking image processing expertise. Using this plugin, researchers in collaboration with image processing experts can create workflows with reasonable default settings and streamlined user interfaces, and data can be processed easily from a lab environment without the need for a powerful desktop computer. This platform allows simplified troubleshooting, centralized maintenance, and easy data sharing with collaborators. These capabilities enable reproducible science by sharing datasets and processing pipelines between collaborators. In this paper, we present a description of this innovative Midas plugin, along with results obtained from building and executing several ITK based image processing workflows for diffusion weighted MRI (DW MRI) of rodent brain images, as well as recommendations for building automated image processing pipelines. Although the particular image processing pipelines developed were focused on rodent brain MRI, the presented plugin can be used to support any executable or script-based pipeline. PMID:24416016

Grauer, Michael; Reynolds, Patrick; Hoogstoel, Marion; Budin, Francois; Styner, Martin A.; Oguz, Ipek

2013-01-01

71

Web Based Rapid Mapping of Disaster Areas using Satellite Images, Web Processing Service, Web Mapping Service, Frequency Based Change Detection Algorithm and J-iView  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Timely identification of areas affected by natural disasters is very important for a successful rescue and effective emergency relief efforts. This research focuses on the development of a cost effective and efficient system of identifying areas affected by natural disasters, and the efficient distribution of the information. The developed system is composed of 3 modules which are the Web Processing Service (WPS), Web Map Service (WMS) and the user interface provided by J-iView (fig. 1). WPS is an online system that provides computation, storage and data access services. In this study, the WPS module provides online access of the software implementing the developed frequency based change detection algorithm for the identification of areas affected by natural disasters. It also sends requests to WMS servers to get the remotely sensed data to be used in the computation. WMS is a standard protocol that provides a simple HTTP interface for requesting geo-registered map images from one or more geospatial databases. In this research, the WMS component provides remote access of the satellite images which are used as inputs for land cover change detection. The user interface in this system is provided by J-iView, which is an online mapping system developed at the Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ). The 3 modules are seamlessly integrated into a single package using J-iView, which could rapidly generate a map of disaster areas that is instantaneously viewable online. The developed system was tested using ASTER images covering the areas damaged by the March 11, 2011 tsunami in northeastern Japan. The developed system efficiently generated a map showing areas devastated by the tsunami. Based on the initial results of the study, the developed system proved to be a useful tool for emergency workers to quickly identify areas affected by natural disasters.

Bandibas, J. C.; Takarada, S.

2013-12-01

72

Smart Images in a Web 2.0 World: The Virtual Astronomy Multimedia Project (VAMP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High quality astronomical images, accompanied by rich caption and background information, abound on the web and yet are notoriously difficult to locate efficiently using common search engines. ``Flat'' searches can return dozens of hits for a single popular image but miss equally important related images from other observatories. The Virtual Astronomy Multimedia Project (VAMP) is developing the architecture for an online index of astronomical imagery and video that will simplify access and provide a service around which innovative applications can be developed (e.g. digital planetariums). Current progress includes design prototyping around existing Astronomy Visualization Metadata (AVM) standards. Growing VAMP partnerships include a cross-section of observatories, data centers, and planetariums.

Hurt, R. L.; Christensen, L. L.; Gauthier, A.; Wyatt, R.

2008-06-01

73

Alaskan Auroral All-Sky Images on the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In response to a 1995 NASA SPDS announcement of support for preservation and distribution of important data sets online, the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska, proposed to provide World Wide Web access to the Poker Flat Auroral All-sky Camera images in real time. The Poker auroral all-sky camera is located in the Davis Science Operation Center at Poker Flat Rocket Range about 30 miles north-east of Fairbanks, Alaska, and is connected, through a microwave link, with the Geophysical Institute where we maintain the data base linked to the Web. To protect the low light-level all-sky TV camera from damage due to excessive light, we only operate during the winter season when the moon is down. The camera and data acquisition is now fully computer controlled. Digital images are transmitted each minute to the Web linked data base where the data are available in a number of different presentations: (1) Individual JPEG compressed images (1 minute resolution); (2) Time lapse MPEG movie of the stored images; and (3) A meridional plot of the entire night activity.

Stenbaek-Nielsen, H. C.

1997-01-01

74

Towards a semantic PACS: Using Semantic Web technology to represent imaging data.  

PubMed

The DICOM standard is ubiquitous within medicine. However, improved DICOM semantics would significantly enhance search operations. Furthermore, databases of current PACS systems are not flexible enough for the demands within image analysis research. In this paper, we investigated if we can use Semantic Web technology, to store and represent metadata of DICOM image files, as well as linking additional computational results to image metadata. Therefore, we developed a proof of concept containing two applications: one to store commonly used DICOM metadata in an RDF repository, and one to calculate imaging biomarkers based on DICOM images, and store the biomarker values in an RDF repository. This enabled us to search for all patients with a gross tumor volume calculated to be larger than 50 cc. We have shown that we can successfully store the DICOM metadata in an RDF repository and are refining our proof of concept with regards to volume naming, value representation, and the applications themselves. PMID:25160167

Van Soest, Johan; Lustberg, Tim; Grittner, Detlef; Marshall, M Scott; Persoon, Lucas; Nijsten, Bas; Feltens, Peter; Dekker, Andre

2014-01-01

75

Web tools for large-scale 3D biological images and atlases  

PubMed Central

Background Large-scale volumetric biomedical image data of three or more dimensions are a significant challenge for distributed browsing and visualisation. Many images now exceed 10GB which for most users is too large to handle in terms of computer RAM and network bandwidth. This is aggravated when users need to access tens or hundreds of such images from an archive. Here we solve the problem for 2D section views through archive data delivering compressed tiled images enabling users to browse through very-large volume data in the context of a standard web-browser. The system provides an interactive visualisation for grey-level and colour 3D images including multiple image layers and spatial-data overlay. Results The standard Internet Imaging Protocol (IIP) has been extended to enable arbitrary 2D sectioning of 3D data as well a multi-layered images and indexed overlays. The extended protocol is termed IIP3D and we have implemented a matching server to deliver the protocol and a series of Ajax/Javascript client codes that will run in an Internet browser. We have tested the server software on a low-cost linux-based server for image volumes up to 135GB and 64 simultaneous users. The section views are delivered with response times independent of scale and orientation. The exemplar client provided multi-layer image views with user-controlled colour-filtering and overlays. Conclusions Interactive browsing of arbitrary sections through large biomedical-image volumes is made possible by use of an extended internet protocol and efficient server-based image tiling. The tools open the possibility of enabling fast access to large image archives without the requirement of whole image download and client computers with very large memory configurations. The system was demonstrated using a range of medical and biomedical image data extending up to 135GB for a single image volume. PMID:22676296

2012-01-01

76

World Wide WebWWWDeep Web Web Deep Web  

E-print Network

Deep Web Web World Wide WebWWWDeep Web Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Surface Web 21.3% Surface Web Deep Web [2] Deep Web Web Crawler Deep Web 1 Web Deep Web Deep Web Web Web WDB Web 1 WAMDM Technical Report (WAMDM-TR-2006-3) #12; PDF Deep

77

WebDeep Web Surface Web  

E-print Network

Web WebWeb WebWeb WebHTML Web WebDeep Web Surface Web " " Deep Web21 Dot-ComWebWeb2.0 WebWeb ""Web WebWeb Deep Web WebWeb SNS Web WebWeb 20017BrightPlanet.comDeep Web Web43,000-96,000Web7,500TB(Surface Web500) UIUCDeep Web2004Deep Web 307,000366,000-535,000 WebDeep Web "" Deep Web 1 Web Web #12

78

Singapore National Medical Image Resource Centre (SN.MIRC): A World Wide Web Resource for Radiology Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiology education is heavily dependent on visual images, and case-based teaching files comprising medical images can be an important tool for teaching diagnostic radiology. Currently, hardcopy film is being rapidly replaced by digital radiological images in teaching hospitals, and an electronic teaching file (ETF) library would be desirable. Furthermore, a repository of ETFs deployed on the World Wide Web has

Guo-Liang Yang

79

Probabilistic person identification in TV news programs using image web database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The automatic labeling of faces in TV broadcasting is still a challenging problem. The high variability in view points, facial expressions, general appearance, and lighting conditions, as well as occlusions, rapid shot changes, and camera motions, produce significant variations in image appearance. The application of automatic tools for face recognition is not yet fully established and the human intervention is needed. In this paper, we deal with the automatic face recognition in TV broadcasting programs. The target of the proposed method is to identify the presence of a specific person in a video by means of a set of images downloaded from Web using a specific search key.

Battisti, F.; Carli, M.; Leo, M.; Neri, A.

2014-02-01

80

A medical ontology for intelligent web-based skin lesions image retrieval.  

PubMed

Researchers have applied increasing efforts towards providing formal computational frameworks to consolidate the plethora of concepts and relations used in the medical domain. In the domain of skin related diseases, the variability of semantic features contained within digital skin images is a major barrier to the medical understanding of the symptoms and development of early skin cancers. The desideratum of making these standards machine-readable has led to their formalization in ontologies. In this work, in an attempt to enhance an existing Core Ontology for skin lesion images, hand-coded from image features, high quality images were analyzed by an autonomous ontology creation engine. We show that by exploiting agglomerative clustering methods with distance criteria upon the existing ontological structure, the original domain model could be enhanced with new instances, attributes and even relations, thus allowing for better classification and retrieval of skin lesion categories from the web. PMID:21712357

Maragoudakis, Manolis; Maglogiannis, Ilias

2011-06-01

81

Deep Web Web Deep Web Web  

E-print Network

Deep Web 100872 Deep Web Web Deep Web Web Web Deep Web Deep Web TP391 A Uncertain Schema Matching in Deep Web Integration Service JIANG Fang-Jiao MENG Xiao-Feng JIA Lin-Lin (School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872) Abstract: With increasing of Deep Web, providing

82

Ontology-guided organ detection to retrieve web images of disease manifestation: towards the construction of a consumer-based health image library  

PubMed Central

Background Visual information is a crucial aspect of medical knowledge. Building a comprehensive medical image base, in the spirit of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), would greatly benefit patient education and self-care. However, collection and annotation of such a large-scale image base is challenging. Objective To combine visual object detection techniques with medical ontology to automatically mine web photos and retrieve a large number of disease manifestation images with minimal manual labeling effort. Methods As a proof of concept, we first learnt five organ detectors on three detection scales for eyes, ears, lips, hands, and feet. Given a disease, we used information from the UMLS to select affected body parts, ran the pretrained organ detectors on web images, and combined the detection outputs to retrieve disease images. Results Compared with a supervised image retrieval approach that requires training images for every disease, our ontology-guided approach exploits shared visual information of body parts across diseases. In retrieving 2220 web images of 32 diseases, we reduced manual labeling effort to 15.6% while improving the average precision by 3.9% from 77.7% to 81.6%. For 40.6% of the diseases, we improved the precision by 10%. Conclusions The results confirm the concept that the web is a feasible source for automatic disease image retrieval for health image database construction. Our approach requires a small amount of manual effort to collect complex disease images, and to annotate them by standard medical ontology terms. PMID:23792805

Chen, Yang; Ren, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Guo-Qiang; Xu, Rong

2013-01-01

83

Data Ontology and an Information System Realization for Web-Based Management of Image Measurements  

PubMed Central

Image acquisition, processing, and quantification of objects (morphometry) require the integration of data inputs and outputs originating from heterogeneous sources. Management of the data exchange along this workflow in a systematic manner poses several challenges, notably the description of the heterogeneous meta-data and the interoperability between the software used. The use of integrated software solutions for morphometry and management of imaging data in combination with ontologies can reduce meta-data loss and greatly facilitate subsequent data analysis. This paper presents an integrated information system, called LabIS. The system has the objectives to automate (i) the process of storage, annotation, and querying of image measurements and (ii) to provide means for data sharing with third party applications consuming measurement data using open standard communication protocols. LabIS implements 3-tier architecture with a relational database back-end and an application logic middle tier realizing web-based user interface for reporting and annotation and a web-service communication layer. The image processing and morphometry functionality is backed by interoperability with ImageJ, a public domain image processing software, via integrated clients. Instrumental for the latter feat was the construction of a data ontology representing the common measurement data model. LabIS supports user profiling and can store arbitrary types of measurements, regions of interest, calibrations, and ImageJ settings. Interpretation of the stored measurements is facilitated by atlas mapping and ontology-based markup. The system can be used as an experimental workflow management tool allowing for description and reporting of the performed experiments. LabIS can be also used as a measurements repository that can be transparently accessed by computational environments, such as Matlab. Finally, the system can be used as a data sharing tool. PMID:22275893

Prodanov, Dimiter

2011-01-01

84

Data ontology and an information system realization for web-based management of image measurements.  

PubMed

Image acquisition, processing, and quantification of objects (morphometry) require the integration of data inputs and outputs originating from heterogeneous sources. Management of the data exchange along this workflow in a systematic manner poses several challenges, notably the description of the heterogeneous meta-data and the interoperability between the software used. The use of integrated software solutions for morphometry and management of imaging data in combination with ontologies can reduce meta-data loss and greatly facilitate subsequent data analysis. This paper presents an integrated information system, called LabIS. The system has the objectives to automate (i) the process of storage, annotation, and querying of image measurements and (ii) to provide means for data sharing with third party applications consuming measurement data using open standard communication protocols. LabIS implements 3-tier architecture with a relational database back-end and an application logic middle tier realizing web-based user interface for reporting and annotation and a web-service communication layer. The image processing and morphometry functionality is backed by interoperability with ImageJ, a public domain image processing software, via integrated clients. Instrumental for the latter feat was the construction of a data ontology representing the common measurement data model. LabIS supports user profiling and can store arbitrary types of measurements, regions of interest, calibrations, and ImageJ settings. Interpretation of the stored measurements is facilitated by atlas mapping and ontology-based markup. The system can be used as an experimental workflow management tool allowing for description and reporting of the performed experiments. LabIS can be also used as a measurements repository that can be transparently accessed by computational environments, such as Matlab. Finally, the system can be used as a data sharing tool. PMID:22275893

Prodanov, Dimiter

2011-01-01

85

High throughput web inspection system using time-stretch real-time imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photonic time-stretch is a novel technology that enables capturing of fast, rare and non-repetitive events. Therefore, it operates in real-time with ability to record over long period of time while having fine temporal resolution. The powerful property of photonic time-stretch has already been employed in various fields of application such as analog-to-digital conversion, spectroscopy, laser scanner and microscopy. Further expanding the scope, we fully exploit the time-stretch technology to demonstrate a high throughput web inspection system. Web inspection, namely surface inspection is a nondestructive evaluation method which is crucial for semiconductor wafer and thin film production. We successfully report a dark-field web inspection system with line scan speed of 90.9 MHz which is up to 1000 times faster than conventional inspection instruments. The manufacturing of high quality semiconductor wafer and thin film may directly benefit from this technology as it can easily locate defects with area of less than 10 microm x 10 microm where it allows maximum web flow speed of 1.8 km/s. The thesis provides an overview of our web inspection technique, followed by description of the photonic time-stretch technique which is the keystone in our system. A detailed explanation of each component is covered to provide quantitative understanding of the system. Finally, imaging results from a hard-disk sample and flexible films are presented along with performance analysis of the system. This project was the first application of time-stretch to industrial inspection, and was conducted under financial support and with close involvement by Hitachi, Ltd.

Kim, Chanju

86

OpenMSI: a high-performance web-based platform for mass spectrometry imaging.  

PubMed

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) enables researchers to directly probe endogenous molecules directly within the architecture of the biological matrix. Unfortunately, efficient access, management, and analysis of the data generated by MSI approaches remain major challenges to this rapidly developing field. Despite the availability of numerous dedicated file formats and software packages, it is a widely held viewpoint that the biggest challenge is simply opening, sharing, and analyzing a file without loss of information. Here we present OpenMSI, a software framework and platform that addresses these challenges via an advanced, high-performance, extensible file format and Web API for remote data access (http://openmsi.nersc.gov). The OpenMSI file format supports storage of raw MSI data, metadata, and derived analyses in a single, self-describing format based on HDF5 and is supported by a large range of analysis software (e.g., Matlab and R) and programming languages (e.g., C++, Fortran, and Python). Careful optimization of the storage layout of MSI data sets using chunking, compression, and data replication accelerates common, selective data access operations while minimizing data storage requirements and are critical enablers of rapid data I/O. The OpenMSI file format has shown to provide >2000-fold improvement for image access operations, enabling spectrum and image retrieval in less than 0.3 s across the Internet even for 50 GB MSI data sets. To make remote high-performance compute resources accessible for analysis and to facilitate data sharing and collaboration, we describe an easy-to-use yet powerful Web API, enabling fast and convenient access to MSI data, metadata, and derived analysis results stored remotely to facilitate high-performance data analysis and enable implementation of Web based data sharing, visualization, and analysis. PMID:24087878

Rübel, Oliver; Greiner, Annette; Cholia, Shreyas; Louie, Katherine; Bethel, E Wes; Northen, Trent R; Bowen, Benjamin P

2013-11-01

87

The myImageAnalysis project: a web-based application for high-content screening.  

PubMed

A major challenge faced by screening centers developing image-based assays is the wide range of assays needed compared to the limited resources that are available to effectively analyze and manage them. To overcome this limitation, we have developed the web-based myImageAnalysis (mIA) application, integrated with an open database connectivity compliant database and powered by Pipeline Pilot (PLP) that incorporates dataset tracking, scheduling and archiving, image analysis, and data reporting. For system administrators, mIA provides automated methods for managing and archiving data. For the biologist, this application allows those without any programming or image analysis experience to quickly develop, validate, and share results of complex image-based assays. Further, the structure of the application within PLP allows those with experience in PLP programming to easily add additional analysis tools as required. The tools within mIA allow users to assess basic (cell count, protein per cell, protein subcellular localization) and more advanced (engineered cell lines analysis, cell toxicity) biological image-based assays that employ advanced statistics and provides key assay performance metrics. PMID:24547743

Szafran, Adam T; Mancini, Michael A

2014-01-01

88

Dcm-Ar: A fast Flash-based Web-PACS viewer for displaying large DICOM images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Web-PACS has become an attractive option that brings access to medical imaging databases from remote hosts. However, the big size of the medical images to be transmitted impacts negatively on the teleradiologist experience by increasing the dead times elapsed between study request and visualization on the screen. In this context, it is of the upmost interest to implement strategies

Emanuel J. C. Arguiñarena; José E. Macchi; Pedro P. Escobar; Mariana del Fresno; José M. Massa; Martín A. Santiago

2010-01-01

89

Effects of design factors on store image and expectation of merchandise quality in web-based stores  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates two design factors of store atmosphere in relation to store image and consumers' expectations of merchandise quality for web-based stores. We address this purpose through the use of the Stimulus-Organism-Response (S-O-R) model on which five hypotheses were drawn based on research conducted with brick-and-mortar and web-based stores. In order to test the hypotheses, four treatment combination stimuli

Jungmi Oh; Susan S. Fiorito; Hira Choc; Charles F. Hofacker

90

Large Scale Near-Duplicate Celebrity Web Images Retrieval Using Visual and Textual Features  

PubMed Central

Near-duplicate image retrieval is a classical research problem in computer vision toward many applications such as image annotation and content-based image retrieval. On the web, near-duplication is more prevalent in queries for celebrities and historical figures which are of particular interest to the end users. Existing methods such as bag-of-visual-words (BoVW) solve this problem mainly by exploiting purely visual features. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a novel text-based data-driven reranking framework, which utilizes textual features and is combined with state-of-art BoVW schemes. Under this framework, the input of the retrieval procedure is still only a query image. To verify the proposed approach, a dataset of 2 million images of 1089 different celebrities together with their accompanying texts is constructed. In addition, we comprehensively analyze the different categories of near duplication observed in our constructed dataset. Experimental results on this dataset show that the proposed framework can achieve higher mean average precision (mAP) with an improvement of 21% on average in comparison with the approaches based only on visual features, while does not notably prolong the retrieval time. PMID:24163631

Wang, Cheng; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Hui

2013-01-01

91

Large scale near-duplicate celebrity web images retrieval using visual and textual features.  

PubMed

Near-duplicate image retrieval is a classical research problem in computer vision toward many applications such as image annotation and content-based image retrieval. On the web, near-duplication is more prevalent in queries for celebrities and historical figures which are of particular interest to the end users. Existing methods such as bag-of-visual-words (BoVW) solve this problem mainly by exploiting purely visual features. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a novel text-based data-driven reranking framework, which utilizes textual features and is combined with state-of-art BoVW schemes. Under this framework, the input of the retrieval procedure is still only a query image. To verify the proposed approach, a dataset of 2 million images of 1089 different celebrities together with their accompanying texts is constructed. In addition, we comprehensively analyze the different categories of near duplication observed in our constructed dataset. Experimental results on this dataset show that the proposed framework can achieve higher mean average precision (mAP) with an improvement of 21% on average in comparison with the approaches based only on visual features, while does not notably prolong the retrieval time. PMID:24163631

Qiao, Fengcai; Wang, Cheng; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Hui

2013-01-01

92

Comparing image quality of print-on-demand books and photobooks from web-based vendors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of the emergence of e-commerce and developments in print engines designed for economical output of very short runs, there are increased business opportunities and consumer options for print-on-demand books and photobooks. The current state of these printing modes allows for direct uploading of book files via the web, printing on nonoffset printers, and distributing by standard parcel or mail delivery services. The goal of this research is to assess the image quality of print-on-demand books and photobooks produced by various Web-based vendors and to identify correlations between psychophysical results and objective metrics. Six vendors were identified for one-off (single-copy) print-on-demand books, and seven vendors were identified for photobooks. Participants rank ordered overall quality of a subset of individual pages from each book, where the pages included text, photographs, or a combination of the two. Observers also reported overall quality ratings and price estimates for the bound books. Objective metrics of color gamut, color accuracy, accuracy of International Color Consortium profile usage, eye-weighted root mean square L*, and cascaded modulation transfer acutance were obtained and compared to the observer responses. We introduce some new methods for normalizing data as well as for strengthening the statistical significance of the results. Our approach includes the use of latent mixed-effect models. We found statistically significant correlation with overall image quality and some of the spatial metrics, but correlations between psychophysical results and other objective metrics were weak or nonexistent. Strong correlation was found between psychophysical results of overall quality assessment and estimated price associated with quality. The photobook set of vendors reached higher image-quality ratings than the set of print-on-demand vendors. However, the photobook set had higher image-quality variability.

Phillips, Jonathan; Bajorski, Peter; Burns, Peter; Fredericks, Erin; Rosen, Mitchell

2010-01-01

93

MedXViewer: an extensible web-enabled software package for medical imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MedXViewer (Medical eXtensible Viewer) is an application designed to allow workstation-independent, PACS-less viewing and interaction with anonymised medical images (e.g. observer studies). The application was initially implemented for use in digital mammography and tomosynthesis but the flexible software design allows it to be easily extended to other imaging modalities. Regions of interest can be identified by a user and any associated information about a mark, an image or a study can be added. The questions and settings can be easily configured depending on the need of the research allowing both ROC and FROC studies to be performed. The extensible nature of the design allows for other functionality and hanging protocols to be available for each study. Panning, windowing, zooming and moving through slices are all available while modality-specific features can be easily enabled e.g. quadrant zooming in mammographic studies. MedXViewer can integrate with a web-based image database allowing results and images to be stored centrally. The software and images can be downloaded remotely from this centralised data-store. Alternatively, the software can run without a network connection where the images and results can be encrypted and stored locally on a machine or external drive. Due to the advanced workstation-style functionality, the simple deployment on heterogeneous systems over the internet without a requirement for administrative access and the ability to utilise a centralised database, MedXViewer has been used for running remote paper-less observer studies and is capable of providing a training infrastructure and co-ordinating remote collaborative viewing sessions (e.g. cancer reviews, interesting cases).

Looney, P. T.; Young, K. C.; Mackenzie, Alistair; Halling-Brown, Mark D.

2014-03-01

94

The Keck Cosmic Web Imager Chris Martin a, Anna Moorea, Patrick Morrisseya, Matt Matuszewski a, Shahin Rahmana, Sean  

E-print Network

for Astrophysics, 1216 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 USA b W. M. Keck Observatory, 65-1120 MamalahoaThe Keck Cosmic Web Imager Chris Martin a, Anna Moorea, Patrick Morrisseya, Matt Matuszewski a Highway, Kamuela, HI, USA 96743 cUCOlLick Observatory, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA, USA 95062 ABSTRACT

Jensen, Grant J.

95

Inverse Problems and Imaging Web site: http://www.aimSciences.org Volume 1, No. 4, 2007, 713772  

E-print Network

Inverse Problems and Imaging Web site: http://www.aimSciences.org Volume 1, No. 4, 2007, 713 on the Stahl­Totik theory of regular measures, especially the case of OPRL and OPUC. Links are made polynomial community go back at least to a deep 1919 paper of Faber [35] and a seminal 1924 paper of Szego

Makarov, Nikolai

96

Using Novel Image-based Interactional Proofs and Source Randomization for Prevention of Web Bots  

E-print Network

bots including XRumer, SENuke, Magic Submitter, Comment Blaster, and UWCS on several popular open source web platforms including phpBB, Simple Machine Forums (SMF), and Wordpress. Ac- cording to our evaluation, NOID can prevent all these web bots.... : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 51 1 1. INTRODUCTION New web applications and services emerge everyday in all areas of life. More people are getting used to having online services, such as email services, forums and specialized interest groups. The web experience of a typical...

Shardul Vikram

2012-02-14

97

Integrating Web-based GIS and image processing tools for environmental monitoring and natural resource management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The combined powers of web-based geographic information systems (GIS) and on-line remote sensing tools can significantly reduce the high cost and labor associated with environmental monitoring and natural resource management. This paper introduces an integrated web-based GIS architecture by combining three levels of geographic information services (GIServices): data archive, information display, and spatial analysis. A prototype web site, WGAT (Web-based

Ming-Hsiang Tsou

2004-01-01

98

Jobtong Deep Web Web""Surface WebDeep Web  

E-print Network

Jobtong Deep Web Web Web Web""Surface WebDeep Web Surface WebDeep Web Web[1] 20007BrightPlanet.comDeep Web[2] Web43,000-96,000Web7,500TB(Surface Web500) UIUC5Deep Web[3]2004Deep Web 307,000366,000-535,000"" Deep Web""Google Yahoo32%Deep Web WAMDMWebDeep WebJobtong Deep Web (Jobtong) Jobtong(, http

99

Federated Web-accessible Clinical Data Management within an Extensible NeuroImaging Database  

PubMed Central

Managing vast datasets collected throughout multiple clinical imaging communities has become critical with the ever increasing and diverse nature of datasets. Development of data management infrastructure is further complicated by technical and experimental advances that drive modifications to existing protocols and acquisition of new types of research data to be incorporated into existing data management systems. In this paper, an extensible data management system for clinical neuroimaging studies is introduced: The Human Clinical Imaging Database (HID) and Toolkit. The database schema is constructed to support the storage of new data types without changes to the underlying schema. The complex infrastructure allows management of experiment data, such as image protocol and behavioral task parameters, as well as subject-specific data, including demographics, clinical assessments, and behavioral task performance metrics. Of significant interest, embedded clinical data entry and management tools enhance both consistency of data reporting and automatic entry of data into the database. The Clinical Assessment Layout Manager (CALM) allows users to create on-line data entry forms for use within and across sites, through which data is pulled into the underlying database via the generic clinical assessment management engine (GAME). Importantly, the system is designed to operate in a distributed environment, serving both human users and client applications in a service-oriented manner. Querying capabilities use a built-in multi-database parallel query builder/result combiner, allowing web-accessible queries within and across multiple federated databases. The system along with its documentation is open-source and available from the Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resource Clearinghouse (NITRC) site. PMID:20567938

Keator, David B.; Wei, Dingying; Fennema-Notestine, Christine; Pease, Karen R.; Bockholt, Jeremy; Grethe, Jeffrey S.

2010-01-01

100

Cable modem access to picture archiving and communication system images using a web browser over the Internet.  

PubMed

This presentation describes our experiences using a web-based viewing software and a browser to view our picture archiving and communication system (PACS) images at a remote site with cable modem-internet communications. Our testing shows that using a cable modem to access our radiology webserver produces acceptable transmission speeds to remote sites. The average time-to-display (TTD) for 16 computed tomography (CT) images on the web-based intranet system in our hospital was 7 to 8 seconds. Using a cable modem and comparable equipment at a remote site, the average TTD is 16 seconds over the internet. The TTD does not significantly change during various hours of the day. Security for our hospital-based PACS is provided by a firewall. Access through the firewall is accomplished using virtual private network (VPN) software, a secure ID, and encryption. We have found that this is a viable method for after-hours subspecialty radiology consultation. PMID:10847372

Bennett, W F; Spigos, D G; Vaswani, K V; Terrell, J E

2000-05-01

101

Contextualising and Analysing Planetary Rover Image Products through the Web-Based PRoGIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The international planetary science community has launched, landed and operated dozens of human and robotic missions to the planets and the Moon. They have collected various surface imagery that has only been partially utilized for further scientific purposes. The FP7 project PRoViDE (Planetary Robotics Vision Data Exploitation) is assembling a major portion of the imaging data gathered so far from planetary surface missions into a unique database, bringing them into a spatial context and providing access to a complete set of 3D vision products. Processing is complemented by a multi-resolution visualization engine that combines various levels of detail for a seamless and immersive real-time access to dynamically rendered 3D scenes. PRoViDE aims to (1) complete relevant 3D vision processing of planetary surface missions, such as Surveyor, Viking, Pathfinder, MER, MSL, Phoenix, Huygens, and Lunar ground-level imagery from Apollo, Russian Lunokhod and selected Luna missions, (2) provide highest resolution & accuracy remote sensing (orbital) vision data processing results for these sites to embed the robotic imagery and its products into spatial planetary context, (3) collect 3D Vision processing and remote sensing products within a single coherent spatial data base, (4) realise seamless fusion between orbital and ground vision data, (5) demonstrate the potential of planetary surface vision data by maximising image quality visualisation in 3D publishing platform, (6) collect and formulate use cases for novel scientific application scenarios exploiting the newly introduced spatial relationships and presentation, (7) demonstrate the concepts for MSL, (9) realize on-line dissemination of key data & its presentation by a web-based GIS and rendering tool named PRoGIS (Planetary Robotics GIS). PRoGIS is designed to give access to rover image archives in geographical context, using projected image view cones, obtained from existing meta-data and updated according to processing results, as a means to interact with and explore the archive. However PRoGIS is more than a source data explorer. It is linked to the PRoVIP (Planetary Robotics Vision Image Processing) system which includes photogrammetric processing tools to extract terrain models, compose panoramas, and explore and exploit multi-view stereo (where features on the surface have been imaged from different rover stops). We have started with the Opportunity MER rover as our test mission but the system is being designed to be multi-mission, taking advantage in particular of UCL MSSL's PDS mirror, and we intend to at least deal with both MER rovers and MSL. For the period of ProViDE until end of 2015 the further intent is to handle lunar and other Martian rover & descent camera data. The presentation discusses the challenges of integrating rover and orbital derived data into a single geographical framework, especially reconstructing view cones; our human-computer interaction intentions in creating an interface to the rover data that is accessible to planetary scientists; how we handle multi-mission data in the database; and a demonstration of the resulting system & its processing capabilities. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 312377 PRoViDE.

Morley, Jeremy; Sprinks, James; Muller, Jan-Peter; Tao, Yu; Paar, Gerhard; Huber, Ben; Bauer, Arnold; Willner, Konrad; Traxler, Christoph; Garov, Andrey; Karachevtseva, Irina

2014-05-01

102

From PACS to Web-based ePR system with image distribution for enterprise-level filmless healthcare delivery.  

PubMed

The concept of PACS (picture archiving and communication system) was initiated in 1982 during the SPIE medical imaging conference in New Port Beach, CA. Since then PACS has been matured to become an everyday clinical tool for image archiving, communication, display, and review. This paper follows the continuous development of PACS technology including Web-based PACS, PACS and ePR (electronic patient record), enterprise PACS to ePR with image distribution (ID). The concept of large-scale Web-based enterprise PACS and ePR with image distribution is presented along with its implementation, clinical deployment, and operation. The Hong Kong Hospital Authority's (HKHA) integration of its home-grown clinical management system (CMS) with PACS and ePR with image distribution is used as a case study. The current concept and design criteria of the HKHA enterprise integration of the CMS, PACS, and ePR-ID for filmless healthcare delivery are discussed, followed by its work-in-progress and current status. PMID:21678035

Huang, H K

2011-07-01

103

Teleradiology network system using the web medical image conference system with a new information security solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed the teleradiology network system with a new information security solution that provided with web medical image conference system. In the teleradiology network system, the security of information network is very important subjects. We are studying the secret sharing scheme and the tokenization as a method safely to store or to transmit the confidential medical information used with the teleradiology network system. The confidential medical information is exposed to the risk of the damage and intercept. Secret sharing scheme is a method of dividing the confidential medical information into two or more tallies. Individual medical information cannot be decoded by using one tally at all. Our method has the function of automatic backup. With automatic backup technology, if there is a failure in a single tally, there is redundant data already copied to other tally. Confidential information is preserved at an individual Data Center connected through internet because individual medical information cannot be decoded by using one tally at all. Therefore, even if one of the Data Centers is struck and information is damaged due to the large area disaster like the great earthquake of Japan, the confidential medical information can be decoded by using the tallies preserved at the data center to which it escapes damage. Moreover, by using tokenization, the history information of dividing the confidential medical information into two or more tallies is prevented from lying scattered by replacing the history information with another character string (Make it to powerlessness). As a result, information is available only to those who have rightful access it and the sender of a message and the message itself are verified at the receiving point. We propose a new information transmission method and a new information storage method with a new information security solution.

Satoh, Hitoshi; Niki, Noboru; Eguchi, Kenji; Ohmatsu, Hironobu; Kusumoto, Masahiro; Kaneko, Masahiro; Kakinuma, Ryutaru; Moriyama, Noriyuki

2012-02-01

104

Fun With Food Webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of online activities consists of matching games about meadow, arctic and pond food webs. Intended for younger students, each game involves placing images of various plants and animals into their proper places in the food webs.

105

Dcm-ar: a fast flash-based Web-PACS viewer for displaying large DICOM images.  

PubMed

Using Web-PACS has become an attractive option that brings access to medical imaging databases from remote hosts. However, the big size of the medical images to be transmitted impacts negatively on the teleradiologist experience by increasing the dead times elapsed between study request and visualization on the screen. In this context, it is of the upmost interest to implement strategies to optimize image transmission. In this work a system (Dcm-Ar) for remote visualization of DICOM files is presented, which strongly reduces the time-to-display (TTD), thus improving the teleradiologist comfort. Dcm-Ar is made up of a Server interacting with a PACS and a remote Client. The Client is a DICOM viewer, which is based on the Adobe Flash virtual machine. This fact ensures easy and costless dissemination of the technology. PMID:21097025

Arguinarena, Emanuel J C; Macchi, Jose E; Escobar, Pedro P; Del Fresno, Mariana; Massa, Jose M; Santiago, Martin A

2010-01-01

106

A Web-Based System for Biomedical Image Storage, Annotation, Content-Based Retrieval and Exploration  

E-print Network

asset for biomedical research and medical practice. There are a multitude of devices for biomedical are routinely used in the daily medical practice and biomedical research, generating a continuous stream image collection operations like image upload, image download, image metadata, image collection

Gonzalez, Fabio

107

Computer-aided diagnosis workstation and teleradiology network system for chest diagnosis using the web medical image conference system with a new information security solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Diagnostic MDCT imaging requires a considerable number of images to be read. Moreover, the doctor who diagnoses a medical image is insufficient in Japan. Because of such a background, we have provided diagnostic assistance methods to medical screening specialists by developing a lung cancer screening algorithm that automatically detects suspected lung cancers in helical CT images, a coronary artery calcification screening algorithm that automatically detects suspected coronary artery calcification and a vertebra body analysis algorithm for quantitative evaluation of osteoporosis. We also have developed the teleradiology network system by using web medical image conference system. In the teleradiology network system, the security of information network is very important subjects. Our teleradiology network system can perform Web medical image conference in the medical institutions of a remote place using the web medical image conference system. We completed the basic proof experiment of the web medical image conference system with information security solution. We can share the screen of web medical image conference system from two or more web conference terminals at the same time. An opinion can be exchanged mutually by using a camera and a microphone that are connected with the workstation that builds in some diagnostic assistance methods. Biometric face authentication used on site of teleradiology makes "Encryption of file" and "Success in login" effective. Our Privacy and information security technology of information security solution ensures compliance with Japanese regulations. As a result, patients' private information is protected. Based on these diagnostic assistance methods, we have developed a new computer-aided workstation and a new teleradiology network that can display suspected lesions three-dimensionally in a short time. The results of this study indicate that our radiological information system without film by using computer-aided diagnosis workstation and our teleradiology network system can increase diagnostic speed, diagnostic accuracy and security improvement of medical information.

Satoh, Hitoshi; Niki, Noboru; Eguchi, Kenji; Ohmatsu, Hironobu; Kaneko, Masahiro; Kakinuma, Ryutaro; Moriyama, Noriyuki

2010-03-01

108

Native Web Browser Enabled SVG-based Collaborative Multimedia Annotation for Medical Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image annotation becomes increasingly important for clinical applications and medical research. In particular, collaborative image annotations can harness the collective intelligence from distributed experts. There are several challenges to support collaborative medical image annotations: i) Medical image annotation includes not only metadata annotation but also multimedia annotation, such as graphical annotation. The latter often requires a heavy-duty tool, which can

Fusheng Wang; Cornelius Rabsch; Peiya Liu

2008-01-01

109

An overview of the web-based Google Earth coincident imaging tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS) Visualization Environment (COVE) tool is a browser-based application that leverages Google Earth web to display satellite sensor coverage areas. The analysis tool can also be used to identify near simultaneous surface observation locations for two or more satellites. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) CEOS System Engineering Office (SEO) worked with the

Gyanesh Chander; Brian Killough; Sanjay Gowda

2010-01-01

110

Evaluation of radiological workstations and web-browser-based image distribution clients for a PACS project in hands-on workshops  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methodology and outcome of a hands-on workshop for the evaluation of PACS (picture archiving and communication system) software for a multihospital PACS project are described. The following radiological workstations and web-browser-based image distribution software clients were evaluated as part of a multistep evaluation of PACS vendors in March 2001: Impax DS 3000 V 4.1\\/Impax Web1000 (Agfa-Gevaert, Mortsel, Belgium); PathSpeed

Thomas Boehm; Oliver Handgraetinger; Juergen Link; Ricardo Ploner; Daniel R. Voellmy; Borut Marincek; Simon Wildermuth

2004-01-01

111

A new web-based system for unsupervised classification of satellite images from the Google Maps engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we develop a new web-based system for unsupervised classification of satellite images available from the Google Maps engine. The system has been developed using the Google Maps API and incorporates functionalities such as unsupervised classification of image portions selected by the user (at the desired zoom level). For this purpose, we use a processing chain made up of the well-known ISODATA and k-means algorithms, followed by spatial post-processing based on majority voting. The system is currently hosted on a high performance server which performs the execution of classification algorithms and returns the obtained classification results in a very efficient way. The previous functionalities are necessary to use efficient techniques for the classification of images and the incorporation of content-based image retrieval (CBIR). Several experimental validation types of the classification results with the proposed system are performed by comparing the classification accuracy of the proposed chain by means of techniques available in the well-known Environment for Visualizing Images (ENVI) software package. The server has access to a cluster of commodity graphics processing units (GPUs), hence in future work we plan to perform the processing in parallel by taking advantage of the cluster.

Ferrán, Ángel; Bernabé, Sergio; García-Rodríguez, Pablo; Plaza, Antonio

2012-10-01

112

Characterizing Methane Emissions at Local Scales with a 20 Year Total Hydrocarbon Time Series, Imaging Spectrometry, and Web Facilitated Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methane is an important greenhouse gas for which uncertainty in local emission strengths necessitates improved source characterizations. Although CH4 plume mapping did not motivate the NASA Airborne Visible InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) design and municipal air quality monitoring stations were not intended for studying marine geological seepage, these assets have capabilities that can make them viable for studying concentrated (high flux, highly heterogeneous) CH4 sources, such as the Coal Oil Point (COP) seep field (˜0.015 Tg CH4 yr-1) offshore Santa Barbara, California. Hourly total hydrocarbon (THC) data, spanning 1990 to 2008 from an air pollution station located near COP, were analyzed and showed geologic CH4 emissions as the dominant local source. A band ratio approach was developed and applied to high glint AVIRIS data over COP, resulting in local-scale mapping of natural atmospheric CH4 plumes. A Cluster-Tuned Matched Filter (CTMF) technique was applied to Gulf of Mexico AVIRIS data to detect CH4 venting from offshore platforms. Review of 744 platform-centered CTMF subsets was facilitated through a flexible PHP-based web portal. This dissertation demonstrates the value of investigating municipal air quality data and imaging spectrometry for gathering insight into concentrated methane source emissions and highlights how flexible web-based solutions can help facilitate remote sensing research.

Bradley, Eliza Swan

113

LabelMe: a database and web-based tool for image annotation  

E-print Network

Research in object detection and recognition in cluttered scenes requires large image collections with ground truth labels. The labels should provide information about the object classes present in each image, as well as ...

Russell, Bryan C.

2005-09-08

114

Boosted multi-task learning for face verification with applications to web image and video search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Face verification has many potential applications including filtering and ranking image\\/video search results on celebrities. Since these images\\/videos are taken under uncontrolled environments, the problem is very challenging due to dramatic lighting and pose variations, low resolutions, compression artifacts, etc. In addition, the available number of training images for each celebrity may be limited, hence learning individual classifiers for each

Xiaogang Wang; Cha Zhang; Zhengyou Zhang

2009-01-01

115

Boosted multi-task learning for face verification with applications to web image and video search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Face verification has many potential applications in- cluding filtering and ranking image\\/video search results on celebrities. Since these images\\/videos are taken under un- controlled environments, the problem is very challenging due to dramatic lighting and pose variations, low resolu- tions, compression artifacts, etc. In addition, the available number of training images for each celebrity may be lim- ited, hence learning

Xiaogang Wang; Cha Zhang; Zhengyou Zhang

2009-01-01

116

OpenMSI: A High-Performance Web-Based Platform for Mass Spectrometry Imaging  

E-print Network

i) ion-images, ii) spectra, and iii) sub cube. To evaluatecube at once but rely on repeated selective read of (i) spectra, (ii) ion images,images. A 2D MSI dataset can be described as a three-dimensional cube

Rubel, Oliver

2014-01-01

117

Development of a user-friendly system for image processing of electron microscopy by integrating a web browser and PIONE with Eos.  

PubMed

Eos (Extensible object-oriented system) is one of the powerful applications for image processing of electron micrographs. In usual cases, Eos works with only character user interfaces (CUI) under the operating systems (OS) such as OS-X or Linux, not user-friendly. Thus, users of Eos need to be expert at image processing of electron micrographs, and have a little knowledge of computer science, as well. However, all the persons who require Eos does not an expert for CUI. Thus we extended Eos to a web system independent of OS with graphical user interfaces (GUI) by integrating web browser.Advantage to use web browser is not only to extend Eos with GUI, but also extend Eos to work under distributed computational environment. Using Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) technology, we implemented more comfortable user-interface on web browser. Eos has more than 400 commands related to image processing for electron microscopy, and the usage of each command is different from each other. Since the beginning of development, Eos has managed their user-interface by using the interface definition file of "OptionControlFile" written in CSV (Comma-Separated Value) format, i.e., Each command has "OptionControlFile", which notes information for interface and its usage generation. Developed GUI system called "Zephyr" (Zone for Easy Processing of HYpermedia Resources) also accessed "OptionControlFIle" and produced a web user-interface automatically, because its mechanism is mature and convenient,The basic actions of client side system was implemented properly and can supply auto-generation of web-form, which has functions of execution, image preview, file-uploading to a web server. Thus the system can execute Eos commands with unique options for each commands, and process image analysis. There remain problems of image file format for visualization and workspace for analysis: The image file format information is useful to check whether the input/output file is correct and we also need to provide common workspace for analysis because the client is physically separated from a server. We solved the file format problem by extension of rules of OptionControlFile of Eos. Furthermore, to solve workspace problems, we have developed two type of system. The first system is to use only local environments. The user runs a web server provided by Eos, access to a web client through a web browser, and manipulate the local files with GUI on the web browser. The second system is employing PIONE (Process-rule for Input/Output Negotiation Environment), which is our developing platform that works under heterogenic distributed environment. The users can put their resources, such as microscopic images, text files and so on, into the server-side environment supported by PIONE, and so experts can write PIONE rule definition, which defines a workflow of image processing. PIONE run each image processing on suitable computers, following the defined rule. PIONE has the ability of interactive manipulation, and user is able to try a command with various setting values. In this situation, we contribute to auto-generation of GUI for a PIONE workflow.As advanced functions, we have developed a module to log user actions. The logs include information such as setting values in image processing, procedure of commands and so on. If we use the logs effectively, we can get a lot of advantages. For example, when an expert may discover some know-how of image processing, other users can also share logs including his know-hows and so we may obtain recommendation workflow of image analysis, if we analyze logs. To implement social platform of image processing for electron microscopists, we have developed system infrastructure, as well. PMID:25359837

Tsukamoto, Takafumi; Yasunaga, Takuo

2014-11-01

118

Developpement web Developpement web  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement web D´eveloppement web Caroline DEVRED, librement adapt´e par Matthieu BASSEUR Universit´e d'Angers 1/230 D´eveloppement web Plan XHTML et CSS Introduction Introduction `a XHTML Javascript Introduction La base Les formulaires Quelques ´ev`enements javascript 2/230 D´eveloppement web

Matthieu, Basseur

119

Comparing image quality of print-on-demand books and photobooks from web-based vendors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the emergence of e-commerce and developments in print engines designed for economical output of very short runs, there are increased business opportunities and consumer options for print-on-demand books and photobooks. The current state of these printing modes allows for direct uploading of book files via the web, printing on nonoffset printers, and distributing by standard parcel or mail

Jonathan Phillips; Peter Bajorski; Peter Burns; Erin Fredericks; Mitchell Rosen

2010-01-01

120

Web-based tool for subjective observer ranking of compressed medical images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the course of evaluating various compression schemes for ultrasound teleradiology applications, it became obvious that paper based methods of data collection were time consuming and error prone. A method was sought which allowed participating radiologists to view the ultrasound video clips (compressed to varying degree) at their desks. Furthermore, the method should allow observers to enter their evaluations and when finished, automatically submit the data to our statistical analysis engine. We have found the World Wide Web offered a ready solution. A web page was constructed that contains 18 embedded AVI video clips. The 18 clips represent 6 distinct anatomical areas, compressed by various methods and amounts, and then randomly distributed through the web page. To the right of each video, a series of questions are presented which ask the observer to rank (1 - 5) his/her ability to answer diagnostically relevant questions. When completed, the observer presses 'Submit' and a file of tab delimited test is created which can then be imported to an Excel workbook. Kappa analysis is then performed and the resulting plots demonstrate observer preferences.

Langer, Steven G.; Stewart, Brent K.; Andrew, Rex K.

1999-05-01

121

Cross-Lingual Image Search on the Web Kobi Reiter, Stephen Soderland, and Oren Etzioni  

E-print Network

presence (ranging from Dutch or Norwegian to Lithuanian or Telugu), PANIMAGES increases the number adorning their home- work with pictures to anthropologists studying cultural nu- ances. Most people find. · Cross-Cultural Images - Results of an image search may vary considerably depending on the language

Anderson, Richard

122

Demonstration of the Capabilities of CometCIEF: A Web-based Image Enhancement Facility to Enhance Images of Cometary Comae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accurate identifications and measurements of spatial information related to coma structures of comets are an essential component of realistic quantitative interpretation of coma observations. For this purpose, there is a number of image enhancement techniques used by cometary scientists. Despite this, the wider applicability of many advanced enhancement techniques is limited due to the non-availability of relevant software as open source. We are making available a number of such techniques using a user-friendly web interface.In this image enhancement facility available at http://www.psi.edu/research/cometimen one can upload a FITS format image of a cometary coma and digitally enhance it using an image enhancement technique of the user’s choice. The user can then download the enhanced image as well as any associated images generated during the enhancement as FITS files for detailed analysis later at the user’s institution. The available image enhancement techniques at the facility are:(a) division by azimuthal average,(b) division by azimuthal median,(c) azimuthal renormalization,(d) division by 1/? profile, where ? is the skyplane projected distance from the nucleus, and(e) radially variable spatial filtering.The site provides documentation describing the above enhancement techniques as well as a tutorial showing the application of the enhancement techniques to actual cometary images and how the results may vary with different input parameters. In addition, the source codes as well as the executables are available for the user to download. To provide a secure facility, all the images uploaded by the users as well as the images created at the facility are deleted using a script that runs every hour.At the Division for Planetary Sciences 2014 meeting, we will present a description of CometCIEF and its capabilities, as well as a live demonstration of the facility that includes a question-answer session.Acknowledgements: We thank the NASA Planetary Atmospheres Program and the NASA Space Grant Program for supporting this work.

Martin, Michael Patrick; Samarasinha, Nalin; Larson, Steve

2014-11-01

123

Simplifying Electronic Data Capture in Clinical Trials: Workflow Embedded Image and Biosignal File Integration and Analysis via Web Services.  

PubMed

To improve data quality and save cost, clinical trials are nowadays performed using electronic data capture systems (EDCS) providing electronic case report forms (eCRF) instead of paper-based CRFs. However, such EDCS are insufficiently integrated into the medical workflow and lack in interfacing with other study-related systems. In addition, most EDCS are unable to handle image and biosignal data, although electrocardiography (EGC, as example for one-dimensional (1D) data), ultrasound (2D data), or magnetic resonance imaging (3D data) have been established as surrogate endpoints in clinical trials. In this paper, an integrated workflow based on OpenClinica, one of the world's largest EDCS, is presented. Our approach consists of three components for (i) sharing of study metadata, (ii) integration of large volume data into eCRFs, and (iii) automatic image and biosignal analysis. In all components, metadata is transferred between systems using web services and JavaScript, and binary large objects (BLOBs) are sent via the secure file transfer protocol and hypertext transfer protocol. We applied the close-looped workflow in a multicenter study, where long term (7 days/24 h) Holter ECG monitoring is acquired on subjects with diabetes. Study metadata is automatically transferred into OpenClinica, the 4 GB BLOBs are seamlessly integrated into the eCRF, automatically processed, and the results of signal analysis are written back into the eCRF immediately. PMID:24802371

Haak, Daniel; Samsel, Christian; Gehlen, Johan; Jonas, Stephan; Deserno, Thomas M

2014-10-01

124

Internet Image Archaeology: Automatically Tracing the Manipulation History of Photographs on the Web  

E-print Network

and retrieval? In Figure 1a, we have the famous photograph, Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, which was taken by Joe Rosenthal shortly after the World War II battle in Iwo Jima in 1945. Immediately, the image was reproduced

Chang, Shih-Fu

125

Developing a web tool for searching and viewing collections of high-quality cultural images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Searching for information and viewing visual representations of products in e-organisations is a common activity of the e-visitors to these organisations. For example, in e-museums, users are shown images or other visual information of the existing objects. The aim of this paper is to present a tool which supports the effective searching for images in e-organisations. The tool

Fotis Lazarinis

2010-01-01

126

WebWhacker  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ForeFront Group's WebWhacker is a tool designed to reduce the user's dependency on an Internet connection while delving deeply into a single Web site. This specialized software can be set to download single Webpages, groups of pages, or entire Web sites, depending on the user-controlled configuration options. The downloads, called "whacks", include both text (HTML) and images, and are stored on the local desktop. The downloaded pages are re-linked locally for browsing on the desktop with any Web browser. The desktop version of the site is a mirror image of the information on the original Web site. WebWhacker is a great tool for Internet demonstrations from sites with slow or unstable Internet connections. WebWhacker is a commercial product, but free 30 day trial copies are available for downloading for Windows 3.1, Windows 95, and Macintosh platforms.

127

Web-based oil immersion whole slide imaging increases efficiency and clinical team satisfaction in hematopathology tumor board  

PubMed Central

Background: Whole slide imaging (WSI) is widely used for education and research, but is increasingly being used to streamline clinical workflow. We present our experience with regard to satisfaction and time utilization using oil immersion WSI for presentation of blood/marrow aspirate smears, core biopsies, and tissue sections in hematology/oncology tumor board/treatment planning conferences (TPC). Methods: Lymph nodes and bone marrow core biopsies were scanned at ×20 magnification and blood/marrow smears at 83X under oil immersion and uploaded to an online library with areas of interest to be displayed annotated digitally via web browser. Pathologist time required to prepare slides for scanning was compared to that required to prepare for microscope projection (MP). Time required to present cases during TPC was also compared. A 10-point evaluation survey was used to assess clinician satisfaction with each presentation method. Results: There was no significant difference in hematopathologist preparation time between WSI and MP. However, presentation time was significantly less for WSI compared to MP as selection and annotation of slides was done prior to TPC with WSI, enabling more efficient use of TPC presentation time. Survey results showed a significant increase in satisfaction by clinical attendees with regard to image quality, efficiency of presentation of pertinent findings, aid in clinical decision-making, and overall satisfaction regarding pathology presentation. A majority of respondents also noted decreased motion sickness with WSI. Conclusions: Whole slide imaging, particularly with the ability to use oil scanning, provides higher quality images compared to MP and significantly increases clinician satisfaction. WSI streamlines preparation for TPC by permitting prior slide selection, resulting in greater efficiency during TPC presentation. PMID:25379347

Chen, Zhongchuan Will; Kohan, Jessica; Perkins, Sherrie L.; Hussong, Jerry W.; Salama, Mohamed E.

2014-01-01

128

Warwick in Biomedicine (WEB) and Warwick Medical Imaging Network (W-MIN) Seminar Announcement  

E-print Network

Core, Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, NF/SG VA Medical Center Friday 25th July, 3 pm, IDL is to implement online and real-time correction during image acquisition. I will also discuss a method in 1999, and developed interests in post-stroke aphasia and its rehabilitation, using fMRI to monitor

Davies, Christopher

129

Biomedical Image Processing Integration Through INBIOMED: A Web Services-Based Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

New biomedical technologies need to be integrated for research on complex diseases. It is necessary to combine and analyze information coming from different sources: genetic-molecular, clinical data and envi- ronmental risks. This paper presents the work carried on by the INBIOMED research network within the field of biomedical image analy- sis. The overall objective is to respond to the growing

David Pérez del Rey; José Crespo; Alberto Anguita; Juan Luis Pérez Ordóñez; Julian Dorado; Gloria Bueno; Vicente Feliú Batlle; Antonio Estruch; José Antonio Heredia

2005-01-01

130

Visual Analysis on Relations between Nouns and Adjectives Using a Large Number of Web Images  

E-print Network

-search with multiple keywords. For example, we obtain a photo showing blue sky and a red car for the query with "blue such as "car" and "sea" and and adjectives re- lated to color such as "red" and "blue" was relatively high AND car". To remove such a photo and to obtain only the pho- tos including blue cars, simultaneous image

Yanai, Keiji

131

Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization  

E-print Network

Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization y Hironobu Aoki yy Jiro Tanaka y Master and Electronics,University of Tsukuba WWW Web Web Webgrep Webgrep 1 Web Web Web Web Web [1] My Yahoo! [2] MyNetscape [3] amazon.com [4] Web Web 2 Web Web |1| #12;1. Web 2. 3. 4. Web WWWC [5] Web Auto [6] Web 1 2 Web 3

Tanaka, Jiro

132

Foibles, Follies, and Fusion: Web-Based Collaboration for Medical Image Labeling  

PubMed Central

Labels that identify specific anatomical and functional structures within medical images are essential to the characterization of the relationship between structure and function in many scientific and clinical studies. Automated methods that allow for high throughput have not yet been developed for all anatomical targets or validated for exceptional anatomies, and manual labeling remains the gold standard in many cases. However, manual placement of labels within a large image volume such as that obtained using magnetic resonance imaging is exceptionally challenging, resource intensive, and fraught with intra- and inter-rater variability. The use of statistical methods to combine labels produced by multiple raters has grown significantly in popularity, in part, because it is thought that by estimating and accounting for rater reliability estimates of the true labels will be more accurate. This paper demonstrates the performance of a class of these statistical label combination methodologies using real-world data contributed by minimally trained human raters. The consistency of the statistical estimates, the accuracy compared to the individual observations, and the variability of both the estimates and the individual observations with respect to the number of labels are presented. It is demonstrated that statistical fusion successfully combines label information using data from online (Internet-based) collaborations among minimally trained raters. This first successful demonstration of a statistically based approach using minimally trained raters opens numerous possibilities for very large scale efforts in collaboration. Extension and generalization of these technologies for new applications will certainly present fascinating areas for continuing research. PMID:21839181

Landman, Bennett A.; Asman, Andrew J.; Scoggins, Andrew G.; Bogovic, John A.; Stein, Joshua A.; Prince, Jerry L.

2011-01-01

133

BWAIN: An Artistic Web Interpretation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BWAIN is a creative web browser which uniquely combines graphics and sound using the HTML structure of any selected web page. The structure behind the web page which normally remains unseen, is revealed in a process of visualization. The HTML Code acts as a genome for building an image which looks and sounds quite distinct. Several web pages may be linked with each other and thus reflects the character of the web. The user may achieve a wide range of styles in the visualization and actively navigate through the scene by scaling and translating the image. The opportunity to scale and transform the image becomes a creative process resulting in varied compositions.

Huber, Linda; Bißmann, Michael; Gottschalk, Stefan; Keck, Alexander; Schönefeldt, Andreas; Seidenglanz, Marko; Sroke, Norbert; Radke, Alexander

134

, Web . Web Google[1] CLEVER[2] ,  

E-print Network

Web 1 , Web , Web , Web . Web , Web , Web . , , . , , , . , , 1 . , . , 1 , . , , Web . , , . Web . Google[1] CLEVER[2] , . , 1 , [3]. , . Amitay , HTML , . , , [4]. , Web . , [5]. , HTML Amitay . , , , 1: Web . 2 , · Web . , , 200 . , . , 10 . , . , 1 . , . , . 2.1 1: Web 14 7 386 296 27.6 42.3 #12

Shirai, Kiyoaki

135

lingyy@ruc.edu.cn Web Web Web  

E-print Network

DEEP WEB 100872 lingyy@ruc.edu.cn Web Web Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web; Web TP391 Entity Identification for Deep Web Data Integration Ling Yan-Yan, Liu Wei, Wang Zhong-Yuan, Ai achieve high accuracies. Key words Deep Web; Web databases; Entity identification; Data merge 1 Web

136

Web Search. Web Spidering Introduction  

E-print Network

1 Web Search. Web Spidering Introduction #12;2 Outline · Information Retrieval applied on the Web · The Web ­ the largest collection of documents available today ­Still, a collection ­Should be able to apply "traditional" IR techniques, with few changes · Web Search · Spidering #12;3 Web Search Using IR

Inkpen, Diana

137

Mashups--Web Web Internet  

E-print Network

" Mashup www.floodlevels.com Mashup Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Mashup Mashup Mashup Mashup 33101, 34106, etc." 2 join Mashup [1] Deep Web 5 1992 Source 3 Source 4 Source 1Source 2Source 5 Source 1 Source 2 Source 5 model year Deep Web Deep Web Mashup Mashup

138

Distributed video generation on a GPU-cluster for the web-based analysis of medical image data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern 3D visualization environments for medical image data provide high interactivity and flexibility but depend on the expert knowledge and the experience of the user with respect to the software application. The definition of the visualization parameters is a manual time-consuming process and as a result, inter-patient or inter-study comparisons are extremely difficult. To overcome these drawbacks in case of the analysis and diagnosis of pathologies, standardization of 3D visualization is an important issue. For this purpose automatically generated digital video sequences can be used to convey the most important information contained in the data. In this paper, we present an improvement of our existing web-based service which is now able to calculate the video sequences in much shorter time exploiting the power of a GPU-cluster. The system requires to transfer a medical volume dataset from an arbitrary computer connected via Internet and sends back a number of video files automatically generated with direct volume rendering. To achieve an optimal load balancing of the available resources, the tasks of automatic adjustment of transfer functions, volume rendering, and video encoding are divided into small sub-requests, which are distributed to the different cluster nodes in order to be performed in parallel. An additional preview mode, which renders a number of dedicated frames, provides a direct feedback and quick overview. For the evaluation, we were focusing on the analysis of intracranial aneurysms and were able to show that the system can be successfully applied. Further on, the system was developed in a way that allows easy integration of other analysis tasks.

Rößler, Friedemann A.; Wolff, Torsten; Iserhardt-Bauer, Sabine; Tomandl, Bernd; Hastreiter, Peter; Ertl, Thomas

2007-03-01

139

Web Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web grows and evolves faster than we would like and expect, imposing scalability and relevance problems to Web search engines. There are three main data types in the Web: content (text, multimedia), structure (links that form a graph) and Web usage (transactions from Web logs). We emphasize the last type of data, in particular a new subfield called query

Ricardo A. Baeza-yates

2005-01-01

140

HiTIDE: An Extensible Service-Based Web Interface for the Search, Imaging, and Extraction of Swath-based Geophysical Parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PO.DAAC's High-level Tool for Interactive Data Extraction(HiTIDE) is a web interface powered by a trio of services that facilitate efficient search, image, and extract capabilities for Level 2 swath satellite ocean data products in HDF and NetCDF data formats. HiTIDE provides both an intuitive user interface for direct human access to the data and a discoverable application programming interface via standards-based web services (OpenSearch, WMS). The key component to HiTIDE's capabilities is a backend tile database that supports precise spatial and temporal search functionality at a sub-granular resolution. With HiTIDE's architecture, science users can efficiently find, evaluate, and download subsetted science data products interactively or programmatically. As a system, HiTIDE represents a framework that can ingest virtually any OPeNDAP-enabled geolocated data product. This presentation will provide an overview of the HiTIDE GUI and its underlying web services plus a discussion of the future direction of development such as Level 3 data product support, enabling data-specific search constraints, and enhanced imaging capabilities.

Thompson, C. K.; Kim, R.

2012-12-01

141

Semantic Web Enabled Composition of Web Services  

E-print Network

Semantic Web Enabled Composition of Web Services Brahim Medjahed Dissertation submitted Falls Church, Virginia, USA Keywords: Semantic Web - Web Service - Ontology - Service Composition. Copyright 2004, Brahim Medjahed #12;Semantic Web Enabled Composition of Web Services Brahim Medjahed

Medjahed, Brahim

142

Scaling the Web Composing Web  

E-print Network

Scaling the Web Composing Web Services:A QoS View A n Internet application can invoke several ser- vices -- a stock-trading Web service, for example, could invoke a payment service, which could then invoke an authentication service. Such a scenario is called a composite Web service, and it can

Menascé, Daniel A.

143

"The Image of PLAZA" : an analysis of an academic community web space using Kevin Lynch's approach for "The image of the city"  

E-print Network

This thesis is a case study of how the design issues of a community web space can be approached from the viewpoint of urban design not in terms of appearance but in terms of its functionality. An urban public place like a ...

Kim, Jaecheol, 1971-

2004-01-01

144

A Framework for Media Adaptation Using the Web and the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

A Framework for Media Adaptation Using the Web and the Semantic Web S´ebastien Laborie and Antoine Zimmermann SMAP'07 1 S´ebastien Laborie and Antoine Zimmermann Media Adaptation using the Web and the Semantic Web #12;Introduction Motivations Information Anytime Anywhere Mona Lisa Image PNG format 560 x 864

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

145

IGM Emission Observations with the Cosmic Web Imager: I. The Circum-QSO Medium of QSO 1549+19, and Evidence for a Filamentary Gas Inflow  

E-print Network

The Palomar Cosmic Web Imager (PCWI), an integral field spectrograph designed to detect and map low surface brightness emission, has obtained imaging spectroscopic maps of Ly-alpha from the circum-QSO medium (CQM) of QSO HS1549+19 at redshift of 2.843. Extensive extended emission is detected from the CQM, consistent with fluorescent and pumped Ly-alpha produced by the ionizing and Ly-alpha continuum of the QSO. Many features present in PCWI spectral images match those detected in narrow-band images. Filamentary structures with narrow line profiles are detected in several cases as long as 250-400 kpc. One of these is centered at a velocity redshifted with respect to the systemic velocity, and displays a spatially collimated and kinematically cold line profile increasing in velocity width approaching the QSO. This suggests that the filament gas is infalling onto the QSO, perhaps in a cold accretion flow. Because of the strong ionizing flux, the neutral column density is low, typically N(HI) is roughly 10E12-10E...

Martin, D Christopher; Matuszewski, Matt; Morrissey, Patrick; Rahman, Shahin; Moore, Anna; Steidel, Charles C

2014-01-01

146

Food Webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Food web reading. Build a food web and design a creature. Requires downloaded program. Download your assignment Food Web Assignment Sheet. Use the following sites and activities to answer the questions. Do not start the creature creator until Mr. Wood has seen your food web and completed assignment and allowed you to move on. Type your answers on the sheet and edit it to fit one page. When ...

Wood, Mr.

2010-10-06

147

Teleradiology network system and computer-aided diagnosis workstation using the web medical image conference system with a new information security solution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed the teleradiology network system with a new information security solution that provided with web medical image conference system. In the teleradiology network system, the security of information network is very important subjects. We are studying the secret sharing scheme as a method safely to store or to transmit the confidential medical information used with the teleradiology network system. The confidential medical information is exposed to the risk of the damage and intercept. Secret sharing scheme is a method of dividing the confidential medical information into two or more tallies. Individual medical information cannot be decoded by using one tally at all. Our method has the function of RAID. With RAID technology, if there is a failure in a single tally, there is redundant data already copied to other tally. Confidential information is preserved at an individual Data Center connected through internet because individual medical information cannot be decoded by using one tally at all. Therefore, even if one of the Data Centers is struck and information is damaged, the confidential medical information can be decoded by using the tallies preserved at the data center to which it escapes damage. We can safely share the screen of workstation to which the medical image of Data Center is displayed from two or more web conference terminals at the same time. Moreover, Real time biometric face authentication system is connected with Data Center. Real time biometric face authentication system analyzes the feature of the face image of which it takes a picture in 20 seconds with the camera and defends the safety of the medical information. We propose a new information transmission method and a new information storage method with a new information security solution.

Satoh, Hitoshi; Niki, Noboru; Eguchi, Kenji; Ohmatsu, Hironobu; Kaneko, Masahiro; Kakinuma, Ryutaru; Moriyama, Noriyuki

2011-03-01

148

The integration of medical images with the electronic patient record and their web-based distribution 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical images are currently created digitally and stored in the radiology department’s picture archiving and communication system. Reports are usually stored in the electronic patient record of other information systems, such as the radiology information system (RIS) and the hospital information system (HIS). But high-quality services can only be provided if electronic patient record data is integrated with digital images

H. Münch; U. Engelmann; A. Schröter; H. P. Meinzer

2004-01-01

149

Implementation and Performance Evaluation of a Hybrid Distributed System for Storing and Processing Images from the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia applications have undergone tremendous changes in the recent past that they have called for a scalable and reliable processing and storage framework. Image processing algorithms such as pornographic content detection becomes a lot more challenging in terms of accuracy, recall, and speed when run on billions of images. This paper presents the design and implementation of a hybrid-distributed architecture

Murali Krishna Balaji Kannan; Balaji Kannan; Anand Ramani; Sriram J. Sathish

2010-01-01

150

A Portable Image Annotation Tool for Web-based Anatomy Atlases William B. Lober MD1,2  

E-print Network

. The atlases are used in undergraduate medical education courses at the University of Washington, and by other to the related image, as well as comment and presentation metadata. The file also contains the annotations", "strings", and labels), and tool- bars for controlling annotation navigation, editing, and image metadata

Washington at Seattle, University of

151

Dysphagia due to oesophageal web.  

PubMed Central

An 8 year old boy developed a recurrent sensation of food sticking in his throat during meal times. Barium swallow examination showed an anterior oesophageal web at the level of C5. Symptoms disappeared after pharyngoscopy and dilatation of the web. Images Figure PMID:2923465

Puntis, J W; Chapman, S; Proops, D W; Sartori, P

1989-01-01

152

Segmentation of cervical cell nuclei in high-resolution microscopic images: A new algorithm and a web-based software framework.  

PubMed

In order to automate cervical cancer screening tests, one of the most important and longstanding challenges is the segmentation of cell nuclei in the stained specimens. Though nuclei of isolated cells in high-quality acquisitions often are easy to segment, the problem lies in the segmentation of large numbers of nuclei with various characteristics under differing acquisition conditions in high-resolution scans of the complete microscope slides. We implemented a system that enables processing of full resolution images, and proposes a new algorithm for segmenting the nuclei under adequate control of the expert user. The system can work automatically or interactively guided, to allow for segmentation within the whole range of slide and image characteristics. It facilitates data storage and interaction of technical and medical experts, especially with its web-based architecture. The proposed algorithm localizes cell nuclei using a voting scheme and prior knowledge, before it determines the exact shape of the nuclei by means of an elastic segmentation algorithm. After noise removal with a mean-shift and a median filtering takes place, edges are extracted with a Canny edge detection algorithm. Motivated by the observation that cell nuclei are surrounded by cytoplasm and their shape is roughly elliptical, edges adjacent to the background are removed. A randomized Hough transform for ellipses finds candidate nuclei, which are then processed by a level set algorithm. The algorithm is tested and compared to other algorithms on a database containing 207 images acquired from two different microscope slides, with promising results. PMID:22306072

Bergmeir, Christoph; García Silvente, Miguel; Benítez, José Manuel

2012-09-01

153

World Wide Web( WWW ) Greenberg Web  

E-print Network

WWW 1 World Wide Web( WWW ) WWW Web Web Greenberg Web 30% [1] Web WWW Web WWW [2] [3] WWW 2 2.1 WWW Web 1 1: · 1 · 1 #12;· Web Web 2: 2 2 Web 2.2 Web Web URL URL .html / Yahoo http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=2 0011205-00000101-yom-soci URL onmouseover on- mouseout JavaScript 2.1 2.3 URL URL 1. Web HTML 2. 1

Shirai, Kiyoaki

154

Goal-oriented Web search  

E-print Network

We have designed and implemented a Goal-oriented Web application to search videos, images, and news by querying YouTube, Truveo, Google and Yahoo search services. The Planner module decomposes functionality in Goals and ...

Williamson, Victor Lamont

2010-01-01

155

Siena College Web Governance  

E-print Network

guidelines, policies and procedures. Overseeing the Web site design and function. Facilitating Web Site Siena College Web Governance Web Governance: Roles & Responsibilities. WEB ADVISORY COMMITTEE (WAC) The Web Advisory Committee is the Owner of the Siena homepage

156

Spider Web Pattern  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A delicate pattern, like that of a spider web, appears on top of the Mars residual polar cap, after the seasonal carbon-dioxide ice slab has disappeared. Next spring, these will likely mark the sites of vents when the carbon-dioxide ice cap returns. This Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Orbiter Camera image is about 3-kilometers wide (2-miles).

2006-01-01

157

Web-Based Project Management Tools  

E-print Network

Web-Based Project Management Tools Southwest Research Institute® San Antonio, Texas #12;With more any web browser; other client software is not required because the system resides on SwRI's web server using the PIMS include: Cassini (INMS) Deep Impact THEMIS AIM STEREO IMAGE Orbital Express CHIPS

Chapman, Clark R.

158

Intergalactic Medium Emission Observations with the Cosmic Web Imager. I. The Circum-QSO Medium of QSO 1549+19, and Evidence for a Filamentary Gas Inflow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Palomar Cosmic Web Imager (PCWI), an integral field spectrograph designed to detect and map low surface brightness emission, has obtained imaging spectroscopic maps of Ly? from the circum-QSO medium (CQM) of QSO HS1549+19 at redshift z = 2.843. Extensive extended emission is detected from the CQM, consistent with fluorescent and pumped Ly? produced by the ionizing and Ly? continuum of the QSO. Many features present in PCWI spectral images match those detected in narrow-band images. Filamentary structures with narrow line profiles are detected in several cases as long as 250-400 kpc. One of these is centered at a velocity redshifted with respect to the systemic velocity, and displays a spatially collimated and kinematically cold line profile increasing in velocity width approaching the QSO. This suggests that the filament gas is infalling onto the QSO, perhaps in a cold accretion flow. Because of the strong ionizing flux, the neutral column density is low, typically N(H\\,\\scriptsize{I}) \\sim 10^{12}{--} 10^{15}\\, cm^{ - 2}, and the line center optical depth is also low (typically ?0 < 10), insufficient to display well separated double peak emission characteristic of higher line optical depths. With a simple ionization and cloud model we can very roughly estimate the total gas mass (log M gas = 12.5 ± 0.5) and the total (log M tot = 13.3 ± 0.5). We can also calculate a kinematic mass from the total line profile (2 × 1013 M ?), which agrees with the mass estimated from the gas emission. The intensity-binned spectrum of the CQM shows a progression in kinematic properties consistent with heirarchical structure formation.

Martin, D. Christopher; Chang, Daphne; Matuszewski, Matt; Morrissey, Patrick; Rahman, Shahin; Moore, Anna; Steidel, Charles C.

2014-05-01

159

Got Energy? Spinning a Food Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about energy flow in food webs, including the roles of the sun, producers, consumers and decomposers in the energy cycle. They model a food web and create diagrams of food webs using their own drawings and/or images from nature or wildlife magazines. Students investigate the links between the sun, plants and animals, building their understanding of the web of nutrient dependency and energy transfer.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

160

Web object indexing using domain knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

A web object is defined to represent any meaningful object embedded in\\u000a web pages (e.g. images, music) or pointed to by hyperlinks (e.g.\\u000a downloadable files). In many cases, users would like to search for\\u000a information of a certain 'object', rather than a web page containing\\u000a the query terms. To facilitate web object searching and organizing,\\u000a in this paper, we propose

Muyuan Wang; Zhiwei Li; Lie Lu; Wei-Ying Ma; Naiyao Zhang

2005-01-01

161

Web Robots and Web Mining  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manually indexing the World Wide Web is obviously an impossible task, and it is even a daunting challenge for automated techniques. Web content mining is a general term used to describe these techniques, which are intended for information categorization and filtering. Web robots serve a variety of purposes, including indexing; and they can be useful or, in some cases, harmful. Web usage mining, on the other hand, is used to determine how a Web site's structure and organization effect the way users navigate the site.The Web Robots Pages (1) is an excellent starting place to learn about these automated programs. Several hundred robots are documented in a database, and a selection of papers considers proper ethics and guidelines for using robots, among other things. An article on Web mining and its subclasses is given on DM Review (2). It describes the basics of Web analysis and outlines many benefits Web mining can offer. A course homepage on Web data mining from DePaul University (3) offers a broad selection of reading material on the subject. Mostly consisting of research papers and journal articles, the documents range from general applications to specific theories and case studies. Two computer scientists from Polytechnic University propose a robust, distributed Web crawler (another term for Web robot), intended for large-scale network interaction (4). The twelve page paper begins with the motivation for the project, and continues with a full description of the system architecture and implementation. The November 2002 issue of Computer magazine featured an article on Data Mining for Web Intelligence (5). It points out that today's Internet is lacking in many key aspects, and that Web mining will play an important role in the development of improved search engines and automatic document classification. A short poster presentation from the 2002 International World Wide Web Conference (6) introduces GeniMiner, a Web search strategy based on a genetic algorithm. GeniMiner operates on the premise of finding a nearly optimal solution in order to minimize manual analysis of the search results. KDnuggets (7) is a free, biweekly newsletter on data and Web mining. In recent issues, special attention has been given to the Total Information Awareness project, which is investigating ways of mining the Web and email for possible information about terrorist activity. Web robots are occasionally used for malicious purposes, namely to automatically register for free email or participate in online polls. A technology that was developed to counter these robots involved using a blurred or distorted word to gain access, which could easily be read by a human but would be impossible for a robot to read. In a press release from the University of California at Berkeley (8), researchers have discovered a way to allow Web robots to crack this security system. The article describes how it was accomplished and provides motivation for more advanced security measures.

Leske, Cavin.

2003-01-01

162

Web Clients and Crawlers 1 Web Clients  

E-print Network

location 3 Web Crawlers making requests recursively incremental development, modular design of code 4Web Clients and Crawlers 1 Web Clients alternatives to web browsers opening a web page and copying, Statistical and Scientific Software Jan Verschelde, 14 October 2013 Scientific Software (MCS 507 L-21) web

Verschelde, Jan

163

WORLD WIDE WEB 2.3 Web  

E-print Network

.2 2.3 Web 2.4 3 O 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 O Web browsers. 4. 4.1 4.2 4 File System 9.6 10 A. Web browser HTT . B A #12, . , , . , , . , , . I2Cnet server WWW Web browser cache Web browser cache Web browser cache 1

Markatos, Evangelos P.

164

Web Content Mining from Hidden Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

World Wide Web is enormous compilation of multi- variant data. For better knowledge management it is important to retrieve accurate and complete data. The hidden Web, also known as the invisible Web or deep Web, has given rise to a new issue of Web mining research. Most documents in the hidden Web, including pages hidden behind search forms, specialized databases,

Muhammad Asif Naeem; Imran Sarwar Bajwa; M Abbas Choudhary

2011-01-01

165

Web Applications and Security Web protocol overview  

E-print Network

Web Applications and Security Web protocol overview Web forms Cookies Attacks against Web>University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Basic Web scripting There are two basic HTTP request methods, GET and POST descriptor. #12;Securing basic web apps is easy DON'T TRUST USER INPUT, EVER... Never execute code provide

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

166

Developpement Web -Servlet Developpement Web -Servlet  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - Servlet D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M1 Informatique - 2010-2011 1 / 33 #12;D´eveloppement Web´eveloppement Web - Servlet Introduction Programmation Web avec Java Objectifs · initiation `a la programmation Web

Richer, Jean-Michel

167

Developpement WebPHP pour le Web Developpement Web  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement WebPHP pour le Web D´eveloppement Web PHP pour le Web Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 2008 1 / 130 #12;D´eveloppement WebPHP pour le Web Objectif´eveloppement Web fonctionnalit´es de base du langage acc`es aux bases de donn´ees (PDO) la couche objet (classe, h

Richer, Jean-Michel

168

Oracle WebCenter Content Overview Heiner Schwarte  

E-print Network

Collaboration Application Context Activity Streams Sites Web Experience Management Brand Presence SiteCenter Content Complete, Open & Integrated #12;13 ECM Directly from Web Sites & Custom Web Apps Web Content: · Logos/Branding, Corporate Images/ Illustrations, Flash · Manages all file types: · EPS, JPEG, TIFF, BMP

Andrzejak, Artur

169

Web of Science Welcome to the Web of Science................................................................................................ 2  

E-print Network

Web of Science #12; Welcome to the Web of Science................................................................................................ 2 Web of Science.............................................................................................. 4 Web of Science

Huang, Su-Yun

170

Web Scraping for Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomical web sites and portals are used daily by astronomers, and are increasingly interactive and customizable, mainly through the use of JavaScript. In addition, information often arises from the linking of remotely distributed data and contents. All these potential links can not always be defined in advance and stored in a web document for at least two reasons: they could potentially increase the size of the document source by a large fraction; and sometimes only the user (and not the document creator) knows where relevant links should be provided. Web scraping is the process of automatically collecting Web information. In this context, we started developing a method allowing retrieval of remote information, and display of this information (including links to remote websites) in the current document, triggered by a very simple action from the user: the selection of a portion of text in the web document. Our first prototype deals with astronomical object names. It is written in JavaScript, and can easily be implemented in a web document, or used as a bookmarklet. Whenever the user selects a portion of text in a web document, a request to the Sesame name resolver is made to test if this is a valid object identifier. On success, information retrieved in JSON allows to display a tooltip with additional information on this object such as its coordinates, links to various CDS services, image thumbnails, etc. We present the current status of this work, and discuss how it could be extended in the future to other applications.

Derriere, S.; Boch, T.

2012-09-01

171

Developpement WebIntroduction generale Developpement Web  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement WebIntroduction g´en´erale D´eveloppement Web Introduction g´en´erale Jean #12;D´eveloppement WebIntroduction g´en´erale Plan Plan 1 Introduction 2 Historique et ´evolution du Web 3 Difficult´e du d´eveloppement Web 4 Le Web dans le monde actuel 2 / 58 #12;D´eveloppement Web

Richer, Jean-Michel

172

Water on the Web: Lessons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to explore fundamental science concepts, Water on the Web has created tutorials utilizing the aquatic environment and real lake data. The site provides two types of lessons covering the same concepts: the Studying lessons, which are guided; and the Investigating lessons, which involve problem solving. High school and college students will find hands-on activities dealing with basic science principles such as Conductivity and Thermal Stratification. The Web site also addresses the important concepts of data collection, management, analysis and presentation. Providing many images and small Java presentations, students will find this Web site both intriguing and educational.

173

Mono Lake Web Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mono Lake Web Site is the homepage of the Mono Lake Committee and offers helpful information regarding the unique hypersaline and alkaline environment. Visitors will find information about the Mono Lake Committee, natural and political histories of the area, related water policies, a photo gallery with image descriptions, and links to related sites- including a clearinghouse. Those interested in Mono Basin birds will find sightings, counts, bird walks, and other related information. An additional feature, Mono Lake Live, offers up-to-the-minute data on road conditions, satellite images, weather, lake level, bird sightings, snow pack, and earthquakes.

Reis, Greg; Committee, Mono L.

174

Web Information Retrieval Author Preprint for Web  

E-print Network

Web Information Retrieval Author Preprint for Web Nick Craswell and David Hawking 18 April 2009 1 Introduction This chapter outlines some distinctive characteristics of web information re- trieval, starting with a broad description of web data and the needs of web searching users, then working through ranking

Hawking, David

175

Scaling the Web Scaling Web Sites  

E-print Network

Scaling the Web Scaling Web Sites Through Caching A large jump in a Web site's traffic may indi, pushing the site's through- put to its maximum point. When a Web site becomes overloaded, cus- tomers grow-generated revenue and may even tarnish the reputation of organizations relying on Web sites to support mission

Menascé, Daniel A.

176

Developpement Web -Servlet Developpement Web -Servlet  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - Servlet D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M1/M2 Informatique - 2010-2011 1 / 34 #12;D´eveloppement Web / 34 #12;D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Introduction Programmation Web avec Java Objectifs · initiation

Hao, Jin-Kao

177

Developpement Web -Servlet Developpement Web -Servlet  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - Servlet D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer L3 Pro Informatique - 2010-2011 1 / 34 #12;D´eveloppement Web / 34 #12;D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Introduction Programmation Web avec Java Objectifs · initiation

Hao, Jin-Kao

178

Managing Web Data Managing Web Data  

E-print Network

Managing Web Data Dan Suciu AT&T Labs Managing Web Data Sigmod, 1999 Dan Suciu AT&T Labs 1 #12;How the Web is Today HTML documents all intended for human consumption many are generated automatically by applications Managing Web Data Sigmod, 1999 Dan Suciu AT&T Labs 2 #12;Paradigm Shift on the Web applications

Davulcu, Hasan

179

Developpement Web -Servlet Developpement Web -Servlet  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - Servlet D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M1 Informatique - 2010-2011 1 / 29 #12;D´eveloppement Web´eveloppement Web - Servlet Introduction Introduction Introduction 3 / 29 #12;D´eveloppement Web - Servlet

Richer, Jean-Michel

180

SIA: Semantic Image Annotation using Ontologies and Image Content Analysis  

E-print Network

and the Web [1] images are typically indexed or retrieved by keywords or text descriptions which descriptions and allow for more effective Web 1 http://images.google.com 2 http://www.flickr.com 3 http

Petrakis, Euripides G.M.

181

Webbed Footnotes : collaborative annotation on the Web  

E-print Network

More and more, web users are moving from simply consuming content on the web to creating it as well, in the form of discussion boards, weblogs, wikis, and other collaborative and conversational media. Despite this, the web ...

Golder, Scott Andrew

2005-01-01

182

WEB DE ESQUEMAS WEB DE ESQUEMAS ALGORTMICOSALGORTMICOS  

E-print Network

WEB DE ESQUEMAS WEB DE ESQUEMAS ALGORÍTMICOSALGORÍTMICOS PROYECTO FINAL DE CARRERA DE INGENIERÍA MOTIVACI�NINTRODUCCION Y MOTIVACI�N PROPUESTA DE SOLUCI�NPROPUESTA DE SOLUCI�N Aplicación web con C++Aplicación web con FUNCIONAMIENTO DE WEAFUNCIONAMIENTO DE WEA WEA: Web de Esquemas AlgorítmicosWEA: Web de Esquemas Algorítmicos

Giménez, Domingo

183

Webbing It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a quick look at some World Wide Web sites that contain current election year information. Recommends Project Vote Smart, a site with links to online news organizations, the home pages of all presidential candidates, and other political sites. Briefly notes several interactive CD-ROM resources. (MJP)

Brandsberg, Jennifer

1996-01-01

184

Web Features  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Web Features, presented by the Economic Policy Institute (EPI), is a collection of online resources for consumers about public opinion data. An economic snapshot, updated weekly, provides graphs and charts to highlight an economic issue, and this site also includes a selection of opinions from the EPI staff and their analysis of current economic data written in layperson's terms.

185

Historical Anatomies on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Historical Anatomies on the Web is a digital project of the National Library of Medicine offering selected images from illustrated anatomical atlases spanning the 15th to 20th centuries. The atlases represented in this collection were chosen primarily for their historical and artistic significance, but anyone with an interest in medicine or the history of medical science should find this Web site appealing. All images may be downloaded free of charge, and new items will continue to be added to the online collection.

186

Semantic Web 30Artificial  

E-print Network

312007.11 "" Semantic Web 30Artificial IntelligenceKnowledge Representation Inductive Web datasets ---- Tim Berners-Lee Tim Berners-Lee " "" " Web 2.0---- Web Web 2.0 Frank van Harmelen W3C OWL Web Sesame RDF Aduna 100 Hirsch 35 5 15 ECAI2002 3 ISWC

van Harmelen, Frank

187

WEB HARVESTING Wolfgang Gatterbauer  

E-print Network

with dynamic or deep web pages, and tools for reading, indexing and comparing the textual content of pages; (2WEB HARVESTING Wolfgang Gatterbauer Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington, USA SYNONYMS web data extraction, web information extraction, web mining DEFINITION Web harvesting describes

Gatterbauer, Wolfgang

188

Two Sides of the Same Coin? Analysis of the Web-Based Social Media with Regard to the Image of the Agri-Food Sector in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Never before has food been as safe and secure as it is today, but simultaneously, society has become increasingly critical towards agricultural and food related issues. This two-sided development between society and agribusiness will be analyzed using Framing Theory. A quantitative semantic analysis was applied to evaluate the web-based social media in Germany. 50,931 web posts were collected covering 21

Justus Boehm; Maike Kayser; Achim Spiller

2010-01-01

189

Animal Diversity Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Animal Diversity Web (ADW) is an online database of animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology hosted by the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. It provides descriptions of levels of organization above the species level, especially phyla, classes, and in some cases orders and families. Hundreds of hyperlinked pages and images illustrate the traits and general biology of these groups. This component of ADW is prepared by professional biologists. It also offers thousands of species accounts that may include text, pictures, photographs, and movies of specimens and/or sound recordings. Student authorship of species accounts is an essential feature of ADW. A web-based template ensures a consistent format for species accounts, and instructors and ADW staff review and edit them before they are added to the site.

2004-02-16

190

IDL Grid Web Portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Image Data Language is a software for data analysis, visualization and cross-platform application development. The potentiality of IDL is well-known in the academic scientific world, especially in the astronomical environment where thousands of procedures are developed by using IDL. The typical use of IDL is the interactive mode but it is also possible to run IDL programs that do not require any interaction with the user, submitting them in batch or background modality. Through the interactive mode the user immediately receives images or other data produced in the running phase of the program; in batch or background mode, the user will have to wait for the end of the program, sometime for many hours or days to obtain images or data that IDL produced as output: in fact in Grid environment it is possible to access to or retrieve data only after completion of the program. The work that we present gives flexibility to IDL procedures submitted to the Grid computer infrastructure. For this purpose we have developed an IDL Grid Web Portal to allow the user to access the Grid and to submit IDL programs granting a full job control and the access to images and data generated during the running phase, without waiting for their completion. We have used the PHP technology and we have given the same level of security that Grid normally offers to its users. In this way, when the user notices that the intermediate program results are not those expected, he can stop the job, change the parameters to better satisfy the computational algorithm and resubmit the program, without consuming the CPU time and other Grid resources. The IDL Grid Web Portal allows you to obtain IDL generated images, graphics and data tables by using a normal browser. All conversations from the user and the Grid resources occur via Web, as well as authentication phases. The IDL user has not to change the program source much because the Portal will automatically introduce the appropriate modification before submitting the IDL program to the Grid. When the user wishes, he will be able to check the status of his program and outputs, if any, because the Portal will assign the users a specific and univocal session identification number. This Web portal runs in the Trinacria Grid Virtual Laboratory and fully exploits the power of this grid in terms of CPU and data storage.

Massimino, P.; Costa, A.

2008-08-01

191

Home | Register Web Search: News Home Page  

E-print Network

HOMEWORK 4: Due Thursday Feb 21 by noon 1. Chromaticity diagrams On the web site you will find. On the web site there is a file called labels.mat which has the ground truth segmentation for the bellpeppers)" where the multiplication by 50 is because the max value in the label image is 5, which is quite dark

Hochberg, Michael

192

Whatta Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners play a game to simulate the food chain. Learners take on the role of a plant or animal and use yarn to "connect" to something in the wild that represents a predator or prey. This process continues until the group creates a large web or food chain. Next, learners are presented with new conditions (i.e. cold weather) that affect the food chain.

Extension, University O.

2001-01-01

193

WEB Maintainers Meetup Web Branding Committee  

E-print Network

WEB Maintainers Meetup UF/IFAS DEPARTMENT #12; Web Branding Committee Introduction and TERMINALFOUR (T4) recap Preparation Page layouts Questions #12;WEB BRANDING COMMITTEE what we heard #12;Some) is the new UF Web Content Management System (WCMS) chosen for the next five years. T4 allows non

Florida, University of

194

Web Information Retrieval Web Science Course  

E-print Network

1 Web Information Retrieval Web Science Course #12;2 #12;What to Expect · Information Retrieval on the Web ­ Differences to traditional IR · Selected Papers 3 #12;4 Information Retrieval Basics #12 documents on the Internet ­ Searching the World Wide Web #12;16 Recent IR History · 2000's ­ Link analysis

Nejdl, Wolfgang

195

Einsatz von Web Services im Semantic Web  

E-print Network

Einsatz von Web Services im Semantic Web am Beispiel der RACER Engine und OWL-QL Jan Galinski Aufbau der Arbeit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 Grundlagen 5 2.1 Semantic Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1.1 Komponenten des Semantic Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.1.2 Repräsentation

Moeller, Ralf

196

Developpement Web -Servlet Developpement Web -Servlet  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - Servlet D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer L3 Pro Informatique - 2010-2011 1 / 31 #12;D´eveloppement Web Bibliographie 2 / 31 #12;D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Introduction Introduction Introduction 3 / 31 #12;D

Hao, Jin-Kao

197

Adaptive Web Sites: Automatically Synthesizing Web Pages  

E-print Network

Adaptive Web Sites: Automatically Synthesizing Web Pages Mike Perkowitz Oren Etzioni Department interfaces Abstract The creation of a complex web site is a thorny problem in user interface design. In IJCAI '97, we challenged the AI community to address this problem by creating adaptive web sites: sites

Etzioni, Oren

198

Developpement Web -JSTL Developpement Web -JSTL  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - JSTL D´eveloppement Web - JSTL Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M2 Informatique 2010-2011 1 / 44 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JSTL Plan Plan 1 Introduction 2 Utilisation de la JSTL 3 Bibliographie 2 / 44 #12;D´eveloppement Web

Hao, Jin-Kao

199

Agents on the Web The Sentient Web  

E-print Network

Agents on the Web The Sentient Web "I n a startling revelation, a team of uni- versity scientists. In spite of the ominous tone typically cho- sen for dramatic effect, a sentient Web would be more helpful and much easier for people to use. When people find the Web frustrating, it is usual- ly not because

Huhns, Michael N.

200

Developpement Web -Servlet Developpement Web -Servlet  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - Servlet D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M1/M2 Informatique - 2010-2011 1 / 30 #12;D´eveloppement Web Bibliographie 2 / 30 #12;D´eveloppement Web - Servlet Introduction Introduction Introduction 3 / 30 #12;D

Hao, Jin-Kao

201

Semantic Web Technologies for the Adaptive Web  

E-print Network

23 Semantic Web Technologies for the Adaptive Web Peter Dolog1 and Wolfgang Nejdl2 1 Department.de Abstract. Ontologies and reasoning are the key terms brought into focus by the semantic web community. Formal representation of ontologies in a common data model on the web can be taken as a foundation

Nejdl, Wolfgang

202

Section Course Term Credits Room Day Time 132D ALS4932 Fall 1 WEB WEB WEB  

E-print Network

Section Course Term Credits Room Day Time 132D ALS4932 Fall 1 WEB WEB WEB 1G73 FNR3131C Fall 3 DEGREE APPLICATIONS DUE September 13th CLASSES END December 4th WEB WEB WEB WEB Forest Operations Sager WEB Capinera WEB Turf and Ornamental Entomology Buss WEB Bennet Capinera Lutz STAFF Mac

Watson, Craig A.

203

Automatic Web Rating: Filtering Obscene Content on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a method to detect automatically pornographic\\u000a content on the Web. Our method combines techniques from\\u000a language engineering and image analysis within a\\u000a machine-learning framework. Experimental results show that\\u000a it achieves nearly perfect performance on a set of hard\\u000a cases.

Konstantinos V. Chandrinos; Ion Androutsopoulos; Georgios Paliouras; Constantine D. Spyropoulos

2000-01-01

204

Sequential detection of web defects  

DOEpatents

A system for detecting defects on a moving web having a sequential series of identical frames uses an imaging device to form a real-time camera image of a frame and a comparitor to comparing elements of the camera image with corresponding elements of an image of an exemplar frame. The comparitor provides an acceptable indication if the pair of elements are determined to be statistically identical; and a defective indication if the pair of elements are determined to be statistically not identical. If the pair of elements is neither acceptable nor defective, the comparitor recursively compares the element of said exemplar frame with corresponding elements of other frames on said web until one of the acceptable or defective indications occur.

Eichel, Paul H. (Albuquerque, NM); Sleefe, Gerard E. (Cedar Crest, NM); Stalker, K. Terry (Albuquerque, NM); Yee, Amy A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01

205

Developpement WebFrameworks AJAX Developpement Web  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX D´eveloppement Web Frameworks AJAX Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 2009 1 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX Objectif d´eveloppement Web et augmenter l'interactivit´e avec l'utilisateur 2 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement Web

Richer, Jean-Michel

206

ISI Web of Knowledge111 -ISI Web of Knowledge  

E-print Network

� ISI Web of Knowledge111 � , . , , , . . , . , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge )http:// webofknowledge.com( , , , . . -ISI Web ) , - - , . Zoological Record(-1661 ) , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( .) #12; � ISI

Ben-Or, Michael

207

The Bioluminescence Web Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bioluminescence is "simply light produced by a chemical reaction which originates in an organism." This Web sitefrom the University of California at Santa Barbara intends to provide a reliable source of information on this somewhat obscure subject. The site contains a lot of basic information about the chemistry of bioluminescence and specific bioluminescent organisms, along with some fabulous images. More specific information can be obtained through research abstracts and citations posted in the Research Forum and recently added workshop section. This is an attractive site that will appeal to a wide variety of audiences.

2002-01-01

208

Book Arts Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peter Verheyen, Conservation Librarian at Syracuse University, has put together this gateway to book arts related web sites. Information is available on letterpress printing, typography, hand book binding and paper making, rare book dealers and conservation of library materials. Included are home pages of individual book artists, printers, and bookbinders and their organizations, several listservs with searchable archives, specialized bibliographies and links to a variety of arts organizations. There is also a gallery with images of handbound books and links to online exhibitions and collections, including a show of miniature books at the University of Iowa, and the Joan Flasch Artists' Book Collection at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

209

Animal Diversity Web - Insects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology's Animal Diversity Web, this site gives a general overview of the class Insecta targeted at college students. The site is organized into five tabs: Information, Pictures, Specimens, Sounds and Classification. Resources include images of live insects and pinned specimens, and sound recordings. Some pictures are only labeled with scientific genus and species names, making it difficult for novice users to understand what Order they are looking at, but many also have common names. Photos and sound bytes are good quality and easy to view and download. A very good resource for teachers needing lecture materials.

0002-11-30

210

Open Sensor Web Architecture Core Middleware: Sensor Collection Service  

E-print Network

Open Sensor Web Architecture Core Middleware: Sensor Collection Service Xingchen Chu and Rajkumar of Melbourne Abstract A new trend called Sensor Web that is to make all types of web-resident sensors, instruments, and image devices as well as repositories of sensor data discoverable, accessible and where

Melbourne, University of

211

What Web 2.0 Means for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "Web 2.0"--a buzzword for a technological evolution that's been taking place online for some time--has many different definitions. In general, it refers to Web sites that go beyond simply presenting words and images, often allowing users to share information and collaborate in new ways. Content on the Web used to be largely static. One…

Criswell, Chad

2008-01-01

212

Filling HTML Forms Simultaneously: CoWeb - Architecture and Functionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

CoWeb is a system to support simultaneous work in the World Wide Web. CoWeb enables two or more users at remote locations to work with the same HTML document. For example, input fields can be filled collaboratively, and pointers and stretching rectangles can be used to highlight particular parts of images. An additional chatting channel can be used to talk

Stephan Jacobs; Michael Gebhardt; Stefanie Kethers; Wojtek Rzasa

1996-01-01

213

Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki  

E-print Network

Web Mining for Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki Michalis Vazirgiannis Athens University of Economics and Business Department of Informatics #12;M.Eirinaki, M. Vazirgiannis Web Mining for Web Personalization 2PKDD 2005 Introduction Continuous growth in the size and the use of WWW Large and complicated web

Eirinaki, Magdalini

214

Querying Mediated Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web services provide interfaces to web resources described by WSDL interface definitions. The Web Service MEDiator system (WSMED) enables querying data accessible through web services. WSMED allows web service meta-data to be automatically extracted from any WSDL description. Then views can be created in terms of the imported meta-data and queried using SQL. To enhance query performance, WSMED permits to

MANIVASAKAN SABESAN; Tore Risch; Gihan Wikramanayake

2006-01-01

215

Logical Foundations Semantic Web  

E-print Network

Logical Foundations for the Semantic Web Ian Horrocks and Ulrike Sattler University of Manchester Manchester, UK {horrocks|sattler}@cs.man.ac.uk #12;Introduction #12;History of the Semantic Web · Web of the Web was much more ambitious than the reality of the existing (syntactic) Web: · TBL (and others) have

Sattler, Ulrike

216

Deep Web video  

SciTech Connect

To make the web work better for science, OSTI has developed state-of-the-art technologies and services including a deep web search capability. The deep web includes content in searchable databases available to web users but not accessible by popular search engines, such as Google. This video provides an introduction to the deep web search engine.

None Available

2009-06-01

217

A rendering approach for stereoscopic web pages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Web technology provides a relatively easy way to generate contents for us to recognize the world, and with the development of stereoscopic display technology, the stereoscopic devices will become much more popular. The combination of web technology and stereoscopic display technology will bring revolutionary visual effect. The Stereoscopic 3D (S3D) web pages, in which text, image and video may have different depth, can be displayed on stereoscopic display devices. This paper presents the approach about how to render two viewing S3D web pages including text, images, widgets: first, an algorithm should be developed in order to display stereoscopic elements like text, widgets by using 2D graphic library; second, a method should be presented to render stereoscopic web page based on current framework of the browser; third, a rough solution is invented to fix the problem that comes out in the method.

Zhang, Jianlong; Wang, Wenmin; Wang, Ronggang; Chen, Qinshui

2014-03-01

218

Automating Information Discovery Within the Invisible Web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Web crawler or spider crawls through the Web looking for pages to index, and when it locates a new page it passes the page on to an indexer. The indexer identifies links, keywords, and other content and stores these within its database. This database is searched by entering keywords through an interface and suitable Web pages are returned in a results page in the form of hyperlinks accompanied by short descriptions. The Web, however, is increasingly moving away from being a collection of documents to a multidimensional repository for sounds, images, audio, and other formats. This is leading to a situation where certain parts of the Web are invisible or hidden. The term known as the "Deep Web" has emerged to refer to the mass of information that can be accessed via the Web but cannot be indexed by conventional search engines. The concept of the Deep Web makes searches quite complex for search engines. Google states that the claim that conventional search engines cannot find such documents as PDFs, Word, PowerPoint, Excel, or any non-HTML page is not fully accurate and steps have been taken to address this problem by implementing procedures to search items such as academic publications, news, blogs, videos, books, and real-time information. However, Google still only provides access to a fraction of the Deep Web. This chapter explores the Deep Web and the current tools available in accessing it.

Sweeney, Edwina; Curran, Kevin; Xie, Ermai

219

Forest Food Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Food webs are an interconnection of producers, consumers, and decomposers. It is important to understand that a change to any level of the food web directly and indirectly affects other organisms within the food web.

Katie Hale (CSUF;Biological Sciences)

2007-07-14

220

Chain or Web?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This reference provides a brief description of marine food webs. It presents food web terminology, explains the relationship between food chains and food webs, and introduces the concept of microbial loops.

221

web identity application sectioneleven  

E-print Network

web identity application sectioneleven 99 contents elements of webpage design......................................................................... 100-101 web development and design considerations web banners is required for all official UCSF webpages. This banner includes a required link

Derisi, Joseph

222

Web Accessibility Accessibility  

E-print Network

Web Accessibility #12;Accessibility Webaim This is a pre-y prolific site that vary based on the type of web content. StaFc, content managed and dynamic web sites can benefit from our accessibility review service. Rich media

Oklahoma, University of

223

Intelligent Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving  

E-print Network

that uses Web standards such as HTML and HTTP to publish information on the Web, accessible by Web browsers. A Web appli- cation is any HTTP-based application that utilizes the Web and Web browser technologiesIntelligent Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving Muhammad Faheem supervised by Pierre

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Web Indexing with Meta Fields: A Survey of Web Objects in Polymer Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey of 1037 World Wide Web objects on polymer chemistry collected by four search engines (AltaVista, Lycos, Excite, Webcrawler) examined document information and use of meta fields, images, and chemical names. Found that the use of meta fields was not widespread and that knowledge of meta fields in HTML varied among Web object creators.…

Qin, Jian; Wesley, Kathryn

1998-01-01

225

Abbey's Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The cactus-spined font which serves as the title for this web site aptly suits the prickly American author to whom it is dedicated. Writing about nature and the American West that he loved and cherished, Edward Abbey's prose gave voice to the sublime or cantankerous subject. The best-known works of this "twentieth-century polemicist and desert anarchist" include Desert Solitaire and The Monkey Wrench Gang. Christopher Lindh edits this site which serves as both an excellent introduction to the author's work and a repository of quotes, links and bibliographies for more avid Abbeyophiles. Users can access Abbey quotes, order books, download a spinning monkey wrench cursor, read related letters by Robert Redford and Kirk Douglas, or order a commemorative refrigerator magnet.

1997-01-01

226

Planners Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Planners Web is a great way to get acquainted with the field of urban planning as it provides commentary on the rise of the "creative class" and conversations about designing walkable cities. First-time visitors can check out the What's New area to read through compelling articles that include "Ten Things You Should Know About Project Opponents" and "Transportation That Works for All Walks of Life.â Moving on, visitors can look over great sections that cover American planning history ("A is for Automobile to Z is for ZoningâÂÂ) and The Secrets of Successful Communities. On the top of the homepage, visitors will find sections such as Basic Tools, Planning Topics, and Today's Planning News. Also, visitors may wish to sign up for free email updates.

227

CERES Web Links  

...   Web Links to Relevant CERES Information Relevant information about CERES, CERES references, ... Instrument Working Group Home Page Aerosol Retrieval Web Page  (Center for Satellite Applications and Research) ...

2013-03-21

228

Web-a-where: geotagging web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe Web-a-Where, a system for associating geography with Web pages. Web-a-Where locates mentions of places and determines the place each name refers to. In addition, it assigns to each page a geographic focus --- a locality that the page discusses as a whole. The tagging process is simple and fast, aimed to be applied to large collections of Web

Einat Amitay; Nadav Har'El; Ron Sivan; Aya Soffer

2004-01-01

229

Developpement Web -JDBC Developpement Web -JDBC  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - JDBC D´eveloppement Web - JDBC Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 28 septembre 2010 1 / 30 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JDBC Plan Plan 1 Pr´eambule 2 Utilisation de JDBC 3 Outils 2 / 30 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JDBC Pr´eambule Pr

Richer, Jean-Michel

230

Developpement WebPHP Avance Developpement Web  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement WebPHP Avanc´e D´eveloppement Web PHP Avanc´e Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 2008 1 / 73 #12;D´eveloppement WebPHP Avanc´e Objectif codage documentation SPL gestion des fichiers 2 / 73 #12;D´eveloppement WebPHP Avanc´e Plan Plan 1

Richer, Jean-Michel

231

Developpement Web -JDBC Developpement Web -JDBC  

E-print Network

D�eveloppement Web - JDBC D�eveloppement Web - JDBC Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer L3 Pro Informatique 2010-2011 1 / 32 #12;D�eveloppement Web - JDBC Plan Plan 1 Pr�eambule 2 Utilisation de JDBC 3 Outils 2 / 32 #12;D�eveloppement Web - JDBC Pr

Hao, Jin-Kao

232

Developpement Web -JDBC Developpement Web -JDBC  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - JDBC D´eveloppement Web - JDBC Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M1/M2 Informatique 2010-2011 1 / 32 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JDBC Plan Plan 1 Pr´eambule 2 Utilisation de JDBC 3 Outils 2 / 32 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JDBC Pr

Hao, Jin-Kao

233

Piggy Bank: Experience the Semantic Web Inside Your Web Browser  

E-print Network

The Semantic Web Initiative envisions a Web wherein information is offered free of presentation, allowing more effective exchange and mixing across web sites and across web pages. But without substantial Semantic Web ...

Huynh, David

234

The Web Services Vision Definition of Web Services  

E-print Network

1 The Web Services Vision Overview Definition of Web Services Key concepts Difference from traditional web model Context Service-oriented architecture Distributed computing Overview Microsoft .NET vision Web Services Difference from traditional web model Context Service-oriented architecture

Cheverst, Keith

235

Science, the Web and Web Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of the World Wide Web (or simply the web) since its birth in the 1980s has been staggering. The incorporation of new users, which has been exponential over time, and the constant contributions of new ways of organising data, communicating, sharing information, etc., have led to its gaining a practically unstoppable inertia in just two decades. The Web

Daniel Riera

236

PHP SCILAB | .. | 1 (Web Site) Web Site ,  

E-print Network

PHP SCILAB | .. | 1 Chapter 1 , (Web Site) Web Site , (World Wide Web) : http://school.obec.go.th/borkruwitt/inter/internet01.gif HTML PHP,JavaScript,ASP PHP SCILAB AppServ PHP http://www.appservnetwork.com #12; PHP SCILAB | .. | 2 1. 2. Next 3. I

Kovintavewat, Piya

237

OGC Web services based on Ajax engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) set up a series of web service specifications to implement geospatial data interoperation and processing in web environments. Ajax refers to the technology that incorporates JavaScript, XHTML and CSS, DOM, XML and XSLT, and XMLHttpRequest to create quick-responding web applications in distributed web environments. It can efficiently interpret and process XML file, and balance the load between the web server and the client side. OGC web services integrated with Ajax engine is able to realize data sharing and interoperation of huge amount of spatial information. This paper innovatively brings forward an approach to encapsulate WMS, WFS and WCS operations into separate classes. These classes embody the abstract class of Ajax and realize the asynchronous process of data communication. Then the method of designing Ajax engine is discussed. And an OGC Web Service Model based on Ajax engine is built with the description of its application process. Two examples then are given: one is retrieving remote sensing image from TerraServer using WMS; and the other one is retrieving spatial data from a web database using WFS. And the examples demonstrated the superiority of Ajax based OGC Web Services.

Zhao, Bo; Huang, Xiaoman; Wu, Guoping

2006-10-01

238

Semantic Web Service Architecture --Evolving Web Service Standards toward the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

Coverpage Semantic Web Service Architecture -- Evolving Web Service Standards toward the Semantic Web Tanja Sollazzo, Siegfried Handschuh, Steffen Staab, Martin Frank Abstract. The importance of Web by Semantic Web technologies such that a smooth evolution from Web services in the current Web to Web services

Staab, Steffen

239

Exploiting the Information Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web is an increasingly important data source for business decision making; however, extracting information from the Web remains one of the challenging issues related to Web business intelligence applications. To use heterogeneous Web data for decision making, documents containing relevant data must be located, and the data of interest within the documents must be identified and extracted.

Dawn G. Gregg; Steven Walczak

2007-01-01

240

Downloading Hidden Web Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ever-increasing amount of information on the Web today is available only through search interfaces: the users have to type in a set of keywords in a search form in order to access the pages from certain Web sites. These pages are often referred to as the Hidden Web or the Deep Web. Since there are no static links to

Alexandros Ntoulas; Petros Zerfos; Junghoo Cho

2004-01-01

241

Name:_____________________________ (Web Exercise)  

E-print Network

Name:_____________________________ (Web Exercise) Model quality, validation exercise. You will need a web link to MolProbity (with Java), and the file 1JIRon1S83_Arg66_supr.kin download- ed from the kinemage.biochem.duke.edu BCH681 web site, or from Sakai. Part 1: MolProbity Go to the MolProbity web

Richardson, David

242

Introducing Web Application Development  

E-print Network

Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

Ding, Wei

243

Web Technology (elective package)  

E-print Network

Web Technology (elective package) Offered by: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science? Computer Science-based approaches and enabling technologies for the web. Course descriptions Human and efficient. Web Technology The web has become the major source of information retrieval and is playing

Franssen, Michael

244

Deep Web Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our current understanding of Web structure is based on large graphs created by centralized crawlers and indexers. They obtain data almost exclusively from the so-called surface Web, which consists, loosely speaking, of interlinked HTML pages. The deep Web, by contrast, is information that is reachable over the Web, but that resides in databases; it is dynamically available in response to

Munindar P. Singh

2002-01-01

245

Querying the deep web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data stored outside Web pages and accessible from the Web, typically through HTML forms, consitute the so-called Deep Web. Such data are of great value, but difficult to query and search. We survey techniques to optimize query processing on the Deep Web, in a setting where data are represented in the relational model. We illustrate optimizations both at query plan

Andrea Calì; Davide Martinenghi

2010-01-01

246

Featured Molecule Sample Web Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the next few months we will be announcing some new and exciting additions to the scope of JCE WebWare, our online feature that publishes Web-based materials for chemical education. One such addition is providing interactive images available at the JCE WebWare site that are linked to molecular structures or other graphic images of articles printed in this Journal. As an example, a significant fraction of articles in the Journal of Chemical Education include one or more molecular structures naturally in a two-dimensional representation. We would like to build a collection of interactive Chime-based structures for some of these molecules. While many such structures exist in other Web-based collections, having them in one location and linked to a specific article in JCE will greatly benefit both teachers and students. Below is an example of such a collection, derived from a paper in C & E News. Many students have difficulty "seeing" molecules in three dimensions and linking two-dimensional with three-dimensional representations of molecular structures. The more they practice doing so, the more skilled they will become. Additionally, as we try to teach students to draw "form/function" conclusions about molecular behavior, "seeing" the three-dimensional structure is crucial.

247

Keeping the Web in Web 2.0 An HCI Approach to Designing Web  

E-print Network

Keeping the Web in Web 2.0 An HCI Approach to Designing Web Applications CHI 2007 Course Notes.....................................................................................................................................1 1. Web Application UI versus Desktop Application UI..............................................................................................................................2 3. Examples of State Management in Web Applications

Tomkins, Andrew

248

CICLOPS: Cassini Imaging  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The CICLOPS site contains a flight log, updates, and images from the Cassini mission to the outer planets. NASA is releasing new pictures almost every day on the Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory Operations (CICLOPS) web site.

Porco, Carolyn

2003-10-10

249

Lung Image Databases-2  

Cancer.gov

Lung Image Database Consortium’s Normalized Relational Database • De-identified (anonymized) CT datasets • Publicly accessible • Web search tools • Cases from search results can be downloaded – ftp or DICOM De-identified CT datasets Digital Imaging and

250

WebMO  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebMO is a World Wide Web-based interface to computational chemistry packages. WebMO is available for free and can be installed on nearly any Unix or Linux system. WebMO Pro is a commercial add-on to the freeware WebMO computational chemistry package. It features a variety of powerful enhancements that are suitable for serious education, commercial, or research-level users.

251

Personalized Access to Web Services in the Semantic Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a Semantic Web browser which enables users to discover, select and personalize Web services in the Semantic Web. We discuss how such a Semantic Web browser can oer domain specific visualization, and investigate solutions for supporting individual users in finding appropriate Web services, in tailoring Web services to their needs, and in accessing and administering their favorite Web

Nicola Henze; Daniel Krause

252

A Web Usage Mining Framework for Web Directories Personalization  

E-print Network

A Web Usage Mining Framework for Web Directories Personalization Dimitrios Pierrakos Department framework that combines Web personalization and Web directories, which results in the concept of Community Web Directories. Community Web directories is a novel form of personalization performed on Web

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

253

Exploiting the Social and Semantic Web for Guided Web Archiving  

E-print Network

Exploiting the Social and Semantic Web for Guided Web Archiving Thomas Risse1 , Stefan Dietze1. The constantly growing amount of Web content and the suc- cess of the Social Web lead to increasing needs for Web archiving. These needs go beyond the pure preservation of Web pages. Web archives are turning

Senellart, Pierre

254

Web of People Improving Search on the Web  

E-print Network

Web of People Improving Search on the Web Wolfgang Nejdl L3S Research Center Hannover, Germany #12;19/10/10 2 Overview · Web Science / Web of People · Research Questions and Topics · Web Science @ L3S · User Generated Content and Search #12;19/10/10 3 Web Science / Web of People The World Wide Web is a Web

Nejdl, Wolfgang

255

WebAnatomy.net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With a longtime presence on the web, Professor Jim Swan of the University of New Mexico has created a fine set of online anatomy and physiology resources that he uses in his courses on a regular basis. Students of the human body will also want to avail themselves of these materials, which include sets of pathology images and slides that cover such conditions as coronary artery thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and so on. One rather handy section includes weblab modules that introduce acolytes to the world of the heart, the lungs, and the digestive system through slides and interactive photos. The site is rounded out by the �Virtual Microscope� area, which includes detailed slides and explanations of cartilage, bone, blood, and muscular tissue.

Swan, Jim

2007-02-18

256

WebAnatomy.net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With a longtime presence on the web, Professor Jim Swan of the University of New Mexico has created a fine set of online anatomy and physiology resources that he uses in his courses on a regular basis. Students of the human body will also want to avail themselves of these materials, which include sets of pathology images and slides that cover such conditions as coronary artery thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and so on. One rather handy section includes weblab modules that introduce acolytes to the world of the heart, the lungs, and the digestive system through slides and interactive photos. The site is rounded out by the "Virtual Microscope" area, which includes detailed slides and explanations of cartilage, bone, blood, and muscular tissue.

Swan, Jim

257

Sound and Video on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionStarting from its beginnings as a tool for accessing ASCII-based hypertext, the World WideWeb technology has turned out to be very successful in integrating new types ofhypermedia. The first step in the evolution has been the inclusion of images in Web pagesin Mosaic (NCSA). The next important steps have been VRML, the Virtual Reality ModelLanguage, paving the way to include

Jean Bolot; Philipp Hoschka

1996-01-01

258

Role of Ontology in Semantic Web Development  

E-print Network

World Wide Web (WWW) is the most popular global information sharing and communication system consisting of three standards .i.e., Uniform Resource Identifier (URL), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and Hypertext Mark-up Language (HTML). Information is provided in text, image, audio and video formats over the web by using HTML which is considered to be unconventional in defining and formalizing the meaning of the context...

Ahmed, Zeeshan

2010-01-01

259

Imaging.  

PubMed

Imaging of the musculoskeletal system includes many modalities and is an area that is changing rapidly. Selection of the most accurate techniques and avoidance of duplication are vital to both good patient care and cost containment. PMID:3466135

Wilkinson, R

1986-12-01

260

Data-driven Web Design Ranjitha Kumar  

E-print Network

This short paper summarizes challenges and opportunities of applying machine learning methods to Web design problems, and describes how structured prediction, deep learning, and probabilistic program induction can enable useful interactions for designers. We intend for these techniques to foster new work in data-driven Web design. 1. Machine Learning for Web Design The Web provides an enormous repository of design knowledge: every page represents a concrete example of human creativity and aesthetics. Given the ready availability of Web data, how can we leverage it to help designers? This note outlines three machine learning applications which enable new interaction mechanisms for Web design: structured prediction for rapid retargeting, deep learning for design-based search, and probabilistic program induction for operationalizing design patterns. All of these techniques leverage structure that is intrinsic to Web designs. In machine learning applications, working with structured representations affords significant advantages over unstructured data sets, such as images or text (Socher et al., 2011). On the Web, every page is associated with a Document Object Model (DOM) tree, which can be used along with render-time information to bootstrap a visual information hierarchy for designs.

Jerry O. Talton; Salman Ahmad; Scott R. Klemmer

261

User interfaces supporting casual data-centric interactions on the Web  

E-print Network

Today's Web is full of structured data, but much of it is transmitted in natural language text or binary images that are not conducive to further machine processing by the time it reaches the user's web browser. Consequently, ...

Huynh, David François, 1978-

2007-01-01

262

web identity standards introduction .............................................................................................................87  

E-print Network

web identity standards sectionten 86 contents introduction............................................................................................................... 89-90 tagline and the web .................................................................................................91 tagline and the web: improper use

Mullins, Dyche

263

Introduction...................................................................................................... 4 Web browser .........................................................................................................................4  

E-print Network

...................................................................................................... 4 Web browser that Mac OS 10.3 is not supported for Blackboard v9 Web browser Blackboard is a web-based application

Blows, Mark

264

Semantic Analysis of Web Site Audience by Integrating Web Usage Mining and Web  

E-print Network

Semantic Analysis of Web Site Audience by Integrating Web Usage Mining and Web Content Mining Jean://www.jrc.it/langtech Abstract. With the emergence of the World Wide Web, analyzing and improving Web communication has become essential to adapt the Web content to the visitors' expectations. Web communication analysis

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

265

The Web Robots Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Martin Koster, a software engineer working in the United Kingdom, maintains this website about Web robots. Web robots, also known as Web Wanderers, Crawlers, or Spiders, are "programs that traverse the Web automatically." The website provides information on how Web robots operate, how they feed search engines, and ways to steer them away from (or to) your pages. Also available from this website is a database of currently known robots, with descriptions and contact details. For more information on technical aspects of designing, building, and operating Web robots, visitors can read discussions from an archived mailing list, browse some older articles and papers posted, or follow links to related websites.

Koster, Martin.

266

Web Publishing Curriculum Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Web Publishing Curriculum is housed at the University of Oregon and has been in existence since 1994. In the summer of 2001, the Web Publishing Curriculum was redesigned to incorporate many of the latest standards, including HTML 4.01 and Cascading Style Sheets. The site provides workshops on basic Web mechanics, Web publishing processes, and Web page creation. It also provides notes on the anatomy of an URL, guidelines for good practice, and links to other related sites. Its useful information is definitely a wonderful resource for novice Web users.

1994-01-01

267

Generation of Web Service Descriptions and Web Service  

E-print Network

Generation of Web Service Descriptions and Web Service Module Implementation for Concept University of Science and Technology Software Systems Institute (STS) #12;Abstract Nowadays web services in order to initiate the communication. A web services endpoint communication interface utilizes

268

GroupWeb: A Groupware Web Browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

GroupWeb is a browser that allows group members to visually share and navigate World Wide Web pages in real time. This video illustrates its groupware features: document and view slaving for synchronizing information sharing; telepointers for enacting gestures; and relaxed \\

Saul Greenberg; Mark Roseman

1996-01-01

269

Web Prep: How to Prepare NAS Reports For Publication on the Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains specific advice and requirements for NASA Ames Code IN authors of NAS reports. Much of the information may be of interest to other authors writing for the Web. WebPrep has a graphic Table of Contents in the form of a WebToon, which simulates a discussion between a scientist and a Web publishing consultant. In the WebToon, Frequently Asked Questions about preparing reports for the Web are linked to relevant text in the body of this document. We also provide a text-only Table of Contents. The text for this document is divided into chapters: each chapter corresponds to one frame of the WebToons. The chapter topics are: converting text to HTML, converting 2D graphic images to gif, creating imagemaps and tables, converting movie and audio files to Web formats, supplying 3D interactive data, and (briefly) JAVA capabilities. The last chapter is specifically for NAS staff authors. The Glossary-Index lists web related words and links to topics covered in the main text.

Walatka, Pamela; Balakrishnan, Prithika; Clucas, Jean; McCabe, R. Kevin; Felchle, Gail; Brickell, Cristy

1996-01-01

270

On Web Taxonomy Integration  

E-print Network

We address the problem of integrating objects from a source taxonomy into a master taxonomy. This problem is not only pervasive on the nowadays web, but also important to the emerging semantic web. A straightforward approach ...

Zhang, Dell

271

Deep Web Data Mining  

E-print Network

World Wide Web (WWW) is broadly divided into two categories: one is Surface web that contains 1 % of information content of the web and is crawlable by traditional search engines (like Google, Alta vista etc.) and second is deep web ( or Hidden Web) that contains 99 % of information content of the web. Most of this information is contained in the databases and is not indexed by search engines. As the Deep web information is buried deep inside the databases and hidden behind the search query forms, this information can only be accessed by interacting with these forms. This paper proposes a novel technique to interact with search forms and extract Deep web data using query building strategy.

unknown authors

272

SSE Web Access Data  

Description:  Obtain Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) data Available for locations, global/regional ... 1983 through June 2005 Details:  SSE Web Access Data Screenshot:  ... SSE Category:  FTP and Web Access for Select Products Screenshot 2:  ...

2014-10-01

273

Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards  

E-print Network

on Web accessibility are related to not conforming to current Web standards. Many Web designers design1 Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards Clare M. So, Mark Perry and Stephen M Abstract-- Making information on the Web accessible to all people, including to those having special needs

Watt, Stephen M.

274

Web Mining for Web Personalization1 Magdalini Eirinaki, Michalis Vazirgiannis  

E-print Network

of the World Wide Web imposes new methods of design and development of on-line Information Services. Most Web2 Web Mining for Web Personalization1 Magdalini Eirinaki, Michalis Vazirgiannis Department}@aueb.gr Abstract: Web personalization is the process of customizing a Web site to the needs of specific users

Eirinaki, Magdalini

275

Web Community Directories: A new approach to Web Personalization  

E-print Network

Web Community Directories: A new approach to Web Personalization Dimitrios Pierrakos1 , Georgios@ucy.ac.cy Abstract. This paper introduces a new approach to Web Personaliza- tion, named Web Community Directories personalization techniques to the well-known concept of Web Directories. The Web directory is viewed as a concept

Paliouras, George

276

Incremental Web Search: Tracking Changes in the Web  

E-print Network

Incremental Web Search: Tracking Changes in the Web by Ziyang Wang A dissertation submitted #12; Abstract A large amount of new information is posted on the Web every day. Large­scale web search. In this thesis, we present our solutions of searching new information from the web by tracking the changes of web

Mohri, Mehryar

277

Incremental Web Search: Tracking Changes in the Web  

E-print Network

Incremental Web Search: Tracking Changes in the Web by Ziyang Wang A dissertation submitted amount of new information is posted on the Web every day. Large-scale web search engines often update our solutions of searching new information from the web by tracking the changes of web documents

Mohri, Mehryar

278

Automated Web Page Synthesis in Adaptive Web Systems  

E-print Network

Automated Web Page Synthesis in Adaptive Web Systems Hossein Sadat and Ali Ghorbani Intelligent, Canada {t15h7,ghorbani}@unb.ca Abstract. An adaptive Web system adapts the Web pages to its users, based of the system. In this paper, we formalize dynamic generation of Web pages and refer to it as Web page synthesis

Ghorbani, Ali

279

Deep Web: Databases on the Web Denis Shestakov  

E-print Network

Deep Web: Databases on the Web Denis Shestakov Turku Centre for Computer Science, Finland I N T R O interfaces) comprise the second part of non-indexable Web known as the deep Web (Bergman, 2001) or the hidden Web (Florescu, Levy & Mendelzon, 1998). The deep Web is not completely unknown to search engines: some

Hammerton, James

280

Designing science web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a scientist’s viewpoint a web site is one tool used to conduct research. From an artist’s viewpoint web sites are a form\\u000a of visual composition. From a developer’s point of view a web site is a type of application. While web sites are a relatively\\u000a new medium with a particular set of constraints, they do adhere to the same

Kica Worrilow; Todd King; Raymond Walker; Mark E. Rose; William Moore; Steven Joy

2010-01-01

281

Demystifying Web GIS  

E-print Network

support Internet Web GIS Life 9 New business models and commodities • Marketing & advertising - Geotargeting - Location based services Bi ti• Business operations - Customer relationship management - Enterprise resource planningpp • Business analysis... Storages Clients 14 An essential component for daily life who, what, when, where (GIS!), why Checking real-time traffic 15 Searching for restaurants, book stores… The fourth R From Web sites to Web services 1999 Web GIS Browser ~ server system A system B...

Fu, Pinde

2010-11-18

282

Google's Deep Web crawl  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Deep Web, i.e., content hidden behind HTML forms, has long been acknowledged as a significant gap in search engine coverage. Since it represents a large portion of the structured data on the Web, accessing Deep-Web content has been a long-standing challenge for the database commu- nity. This paper describes a system for surfacing Deep-Web content, i.e., pre-computing submissions for

Jayant Madhavan; David Ko; Lucja Kot; Vignesh Ganapathy; Alex Rasmussen; Alon Y. Halevy

2008-01-01

283

WEB SECURITY Browser Security  

E-print Network

WEB SECURITY 1 Browser Security: Lessons from Google Chrome Google Chrome developers focused can attack users through their Web browsers. Browsers face the challenge of keeping their users safe while providing a rich platform for Web applications. Browsers are an appealing target for attackers

Tomkins, Andrew

284

Previewing Semantic Web Pipes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this demo we present a first implementation of Semantic Web Pipes, a powerful tool to build RDF-based mashups. Semantic Web pipes are defined in XML and when executed they fetch RDF graphs on the Web, operate on them, and produce an RDF output which is itself accessible via a stable URL. Humans can also use pipes directly thanks to

Christian Morbidoni; Danh Le Phuoc; Axel Polleres; Matthias Samwald; Giovanni Tummarello

2008-01-01

285

WebWorkload Characterization  

E-print Network

WebWorkload Characterization at a Micro­architectural Level Ramesh Radhakrishnan, Lizy John Laboratory, IBM Austin, TX. #12; Goals of this study n We study the behavior of modernWeb server applications programs to understand how they interact with the underlyingWeb server, hardware and OS under realistic

Zilles, Craig

286

Semantic Web Pascal Hitzler  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 Semantic Web Pascal Hitzler Kno.e.sis Center, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA 1.1.1 Languages for Representing Knowledge on the Web ............................. 2 1.1.2 Formal the Semantic Web Vision ................................ 4 1.1.4 Linked Data

Hitzler, Pascal

287

Allegato A) SERVIZI WEB  

E-print Network

Allegato A) SERVIZI WEB Dottorato di ricerca Modalità per la stampa del modulo di pagamento e della bisogna: 1. connettersi alla pagina web: http://www.uniroma1.it/didattica/sportelli/infostud (sulla stessa pagina web sono illustrati anche i requisiti tecnici necessari per effettuare correttamente le operazioni

Guidoni, Leonardo

288

Visualizing web site comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web is increasingly becoming an important channel for conducting businesses, disseminating information, and communicating with people on a global scale. More and more companies, organizations, and individuals are publishing their information on the Web. With all this information publicly available, naturally companies and individuals want to find useful information from these Web pages. As an example, companies always want

Bing Liu; Kaidi Zhao; Lan Yi

2002-01-01

289

Introduction Redefining Web Cartography  

E-print Network

between the relatively few academic research projects in web cartography and the great popularity of web important categories of web cartography research: Internet map use (such as map types, various users, and the numbers of maps created) and Internet map- making(includingwebgraphicdesign,fileformat, printing, map

Tsou, Ming-Hsiang

290

Web Services Jeffrey Miller  

E-print Network

users can search for a web service The search would return a DISCO document, which is an XML document through standard internet protocols such as HTTP Web service messages are transmitted in XML format to clients in a web service The WSDL document is an XML document that provides a client with all

Miller, Jeffrey A.

291

January 2008 SECURE WEB SERVERS  

E-print Network

-44, Guidelines on Securing Public Web Servers, which focuses on the design, implementation, and operation, which focuses on the design, implementation, and operation of publicly accessible and secure Web serversJanuary 2008 SECURE WEB SERVERS: PROTECTING WEB SITES SECURE WEB SERVERS: PROTECTING WEB SITES

292

Human-Web Interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of human behavior in electronic environments is rapidly gaining eminent position in web research. The driving forces of this endeavor originate from both commercial and scientific spheres. The commercial sector is eagerly exploring the human web behavior characteristics for amplifying and expanding the revenue generating possibilities. Novel trends in web development, as well as internet business models, unavoidably incorporate the elements of human-web interactions. The scientific inquiry into human web behavior is fundamentally oriented toward exploring, analyzing, understanding, modeling, and applying the findings.

Géczy, Peter; Izumi, Noriaki; Akaho, Shotaro; Hasida, Kôiti

293

Knowledge Discovery over the Deep Web, Semantic Web and XML  

E-print Network

Abstract. In this tutorial we provide an insight into Web Mining, i.e., discovering knowledge from the World Wide Web, especially with reference to the latest developments in Web technology. The topics covered are: the Deep Web, also known as the Hidden Web or Invisible Web; the Semantic Web including standards such as RDFS and OWL; the eXtensible Markup Language XML, a widespread communication medium for the Web; and domain-specific markup languages defined within the context of XML We explain how each of these developments support knowledge discovery from data stored over the Web, thereby assisting several real-world applications. Keywords: Information Retrieval, Standards, Web Mining. 1

Aparna Varde; Fabian Suchanek; Richi Nayak; Pierre Senellart

294

A demanding web-based PACS supported by web services technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last years, the ubiquity of web interfaces have pushed practically all PACS suppliers to develop client applications in which clinical practitioners can receive and analyze medical images, using conventional personal computers and Web browsers. However, due to security and performance issues, the utilization of these software packages has been restricted to Intranets. Paradigmatically, one of the most important advantages of digital image systems is to simplify the widespread sharing and remote access of medical data between healthcare institutions. This paper analyses the traditional PACS drawbacks that contribute to their reduced usage in the Internet and describes a PACS based on Web Services technology that supports a customized DICOM encoding syntax and a specific compression scheme providing all historical patient data in a unique Web interface.

Costa, Carlos M. A.; Silva, Augusto; Oliveira, José L.; Ribeiro, Vasco G.; Ribeiro, José

2006-03-01

295

WEB SEARCH TECHNOLOGIES FOR TEXT DOCUMENTS  

E-print Network

, and metasearch engines. Key Words: search engine, Web, Surface Web, Deep Web, Web crawler, text retrieval, Vector and the Deep Web (or Hidden Web) (Bergman 2000). The former refers to the collection of web pages) it has more than 45 billion web pages according to www.worldwidewebsize.com. The Deep Web contains web

Meng, Weiyi

296

The urologic epithelial stem cell database (UESC) - a web tool for cell type-specific gene expression and immunohistochemistry images of the prostate and bladder  

PubMed Central

Background Public databases are crucial for analysis of high-dimensional gene and protein expression data. The Urologic Epithelial Stem Cells (UESC) database is a public database that contains gene and protein information for the major cell types of the prostate, prostate cancer cell lines, and a cancer cell type isolated from a primary tumor. Similarly, such information is available for urinary bladder cell types. Description Two major data types were archived in the database, protein abundance localization data from immunohistochemistry images, and transcript abundance data principally from DNA microarray analysis. Data results were organized in modules that were made to operate independently but built upon a core functionality. Gene array data and immunostaining images for human and mouse prostate and bladder were made available for interrogation. Data analysis capabilities include: (1) CD (cluster designation) cell surface protein data. For each cluster designation molecule, a data summary allows easy retrieval of images (at multiple magnifications). (2) Microarray data. Single gene or batch search can be initiated with Affymetrix Probeset ID, Gene Name, or Accession Number together with options of coalescing probesets and/or replicates. Conclusion Databases are invaluable for biomedical research, and their utility depends on data quality and user friendliness. UESC provides for database queries and tools to examine cell type-specific gene expression (normal vs. cancer), whereas most other databases contain only whole tissue expression datasets. The UESC database provides a valuable tool in the analysis of differential gene expression in prostate cancer genes in cancer progression. PMID:18072977

Pascal, Laura E; Deutsch, Eric W; Campbell, David S; Korb, Martin; True, Lawrence D; Liu, Alvin Y

2007-01-01

297

Drying of fiber webs  

DOEpatents

A process and an apparatus for high-intensity drying of fiber webs or sheets, such as newsprint, printing and writing papers, packaging paper, and paperboard or linerboard, as they are formed on a paper machine. The invention uses direct contact between the wet fiber web or sheet and various molten heat transfer fluids, such as liquified eutectic metal alloys, to impart heat at high rates over prolonged durations, in order to achieve ambient boiling of moisture contained within the web. The molten fluid contact process causes steam vapor to emanate from the web surface, without dilution by ambient air; and it is differentiated from the evaporative drying techniques of the prior industrial art, which depend on the uses of steam-heated cylinders to supply heat to the paper web surface, and ambient air to carry away moisture, which is evaporated from the web surface. Contact between the wet fiber web and the molten fluid can be accomplished either by submersing the web within a molten bath or by coating the surface of the web with the molten media. Because of the high interfacial surface tension between the molten media and the cellulose fiber comprising the paper web, the molten media does not appreciately stick to the paper after it is dried. Steam generated from the paper web is collected and condensed without dilution by ambient air to allow heat recovery at significantly higher temperature levels than attainable in evaporative dryers.

Warren, David W. (9253 Glenoaks Blvd., Sun Valley, CA 91352)

1997-01-01

298

Parallel Transports in Webs  

E-print Network

For connected reductive linear algebraic structure groups it is proven that every web is holonomically isolated. The possible tuples of parallel transports in a web form a Lie subgroup of the corresponding power of the structure group. This Lie subgroup is explicitly calculated and turns out to be independent of the chosen local trivializations. Moreover, explicit necessary and sufficient criteria for the holonomical independence of webs are derived. The results above can even be sharpened: Given an arbitrary neighbourhood of the base points of a web, then this neighbourhood contains some segments of the web whose parameter intervals coincide, but do not include 0 (that corresponds to the base points of the web), and whose parallel transports already form the same Lie subgroup as those of the full web do.

Christian Fleischhack

2003-03-31

299

Web Multimedia Object Clustering via Information Fusion Wenting Lu1,2  

E-print Network

of our proposed method. Keywords-Multimedia Object Clustering, Image, Text, Infor- mation Fusion, Dynamic to web image clustering is to integrate such text information with image information to generate a hybridWeb Multimedia Object Clustering via Information Fusion Wenting Lu1,2 , Lei Li2 , Tao Li2 1 Pattern

Li, Tao

300

COBRA - Mining Web for Corporate Brand and Reputation Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporations are extremely sensitive to issues such as brand stewardship and product reputation. Traditional brand image and reputation tracking is limited to news wires and contact centres analysis. However, with the emergence of Web, consumer generated media (COM), such as blogs, news forums, message boards, and Web pages\\/sites, is rapidly becoming the \\

Scott Spangler; Ying Chen; Larry Proctor; Ana Lelescu; Amit Behal; Bin He; Thomas D Griffin; Anna Liu; Brad Wade; Trevor Davis

2007-01-01

301

Imitation on the Web: Flattery, Fair Use, or Felony?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses copyright and fair use on the Internet and describes how to investigate library Web sites that have been copied without permission. Highlights include the importance of using META tags to help prove authorship; the need to document with printed copies; how to register a Web site; and image watermarks. (LRW)

Logan, Debra

2000-01-01

302

Securing Web Services Using Semantic Web Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose an authorisation definition and access control solution for Web Services. In our proposal we define\\u000a our access control policies using an OWL-DL language based on the extensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML). We propose\\u000a the use of resource and subject metadata ontologies, also written in OWL. We then present a complete Web Services architecture\\u000a which

Brian Shields; Owen Molloy; Gerard Lyons; Jim Duggan

303

Web100: Big Business on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site indexes only "the largest American and international companies on the Web," with links to homepages, five-year income profiles, stock quotes, Hoover company capsules, and reviews from the Dow Jones Business Directory. Top businesses may be searched via the Web100 database or viewed by industry, region, or revenue ranking, and a newswire keeps users abreast of the latest big business headlines.

1998-01-01

304

Using a Web OPAC To Deliver Digital Collections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a major digital imaging project just completed at the Ewell Sale Steward Library of the Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia, PA). Discusses options that were considered for Web delivery of images and text, and reasons for choosing Innovative Interfaces, Inc.'s image management function. Describes the data entry process and reviews…

Mathias, Eileen C.

2003-01-01

305

Using Web-Based Tools for Teaching Embryology  

EPA Science Inventory

Computers, imaging technologies, and the worldwide web have assumed an important role in augmenting traditional learning. Resources to disseminate multimedia information across platforms, and the emergence of communal knowledge environments, facilitate the visualization of diffi...

306

WebAnatomy: Drill and Kill at Will  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A breakdown and explanation of WebAnatomy; an online way to learn and review Anatomy using four domains: self-test activities, timed-tests, Jeopardy-like games, and an image bank with a wide array of structures.

Murray Jensen (University of Minnesota)

2008-05-01

307

Concept Mapping with Multimedia on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses concept maps and describes an extension to computer-based concept mapping tools that provides representational capabilities that allows students to express their knowledge more fully by incorporating dynamic media-sound, video, and animated images. Explains multimedia knowledge maps, accessibility via Web browsers, and possible future…

Alpert, Sherman R.; Gruenberg, Keith

2000-01-01

308

Hydrogeology and Flooding on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hydrogeology and Flooding on the Web reviews internet sites which contain information on water resources and flood events. Resource categories are flooding, weather-related sites, and hydrology. Some site addresses and image galleries are hyper-linked, while others must be manually cut and pasted into the resource user's browser location.

Gore, Pamela

1997-02-19

309

Privacy Conscious Web Apps Composition Aurlien Faravelon  

E-print Network

Privacy Conscious Web Apps Composition Aurélien Faravelon SIGMA team Grenoble Informatics Lab ­ 41 eric.ceret@imag.fr Abstract--So called "apps" are widespread today on the Internet. Most of them allow show that users feel they lack control over information. They also show that users distrust apps

310

WebViz: A web browser based application for collaborative analysis of 3D data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the age of high speed Internet where people can interact instantly, scientific tools have lacked technology which can incorporate this concept of communication using the web. To solve this issue a web application for geological studies has been created, tentatively titled WebViz. This web application utilizes tools provided by Google Web Toolkit to create an AJAX web application capable of features found in non web based software. Using these tools, a web application can be created to act as piece of software from anywhere in the globe with a reasonably speedy Internet connection. An application of this technology can be seen with data regarding the recent tsunami from the major japan earthquakes. After constructing the appropriate data to fit a computer render software called HVR, WebViz can request images of the tsunami data and display it to anyone who has access to the application. This convenience alone makes WebViz a viable solution, but the option to interact with this data with others around the world causes WebViz to be taken as a serious computational tool. WebViz also can be used on any javascript enabled browser such as those found on modern tablets and smart phones over a fast wireless connection. Due to the fact that WebViz's current state is built using Google Web Toolkit the portability of the application is in it's most efficient form. Though many developers have been involved with the project, each person has contributed to increase the usability and speed of the application. In the project's most recent form a dramatic speed increase has been designed as well as a more efficient user interface. The speed increase has been informally noticed in recent uses of the application in China and Australia with the hosting server being located at the University of Minnesota. The user interface has been improved to not only look better but the functionality has been improved. Major functions of the application are rotating the 3D object using buttons. These buttons have been replaced with a new layout that is easier to understand the function and is also easy to use with mobile devices. With these new changes, WebViz is easier to control and use for general use.

Ruegg, C. S.

2011-12-01

311

MasteringWeb Services Security MasteringWeb Services Security  

E-print Network

Preview of MasteringWeb Services Security Preview of MasteringWeb Services Security Konstantin introduction Highlights of the book Web Services security problem XML Security WS-Security Security mechanisms for ASP.NET Web Services Planning and building secure Web Service systems ­ Architectural and policy

312

Web Mining: Pattern Discovery from World Wide Web Transactions  

E-print Network

Web Mining: Pattern Discovery from World Wide Web Transactions Bamshad Mobasher, Namit Jain, Eui discovery techniques to data collected in World Wide Web transactions. We present data and transaction. Keywords: data mining, knowledge discovery, world wide web, association rules, sequential patterns, web

Kumar, Vipin

313

Web Site Success: Antecedents of Web Site Satisfaction and Reuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In building a successful organizational Web site, it is imperative that the design matches the organization's well-defined objectives. Clearly, different types of Web sites will have different objectives or goals. Thus, determining success across Web sites is both goal and context specific. One measure of Web site success is user satisfaction and the resulting intent to return to a Web

Ludwig Christian Schaupp

2010-01-01

314

The Web Changes Everything: Understanding the Dynamics of Web Content  

E-print Network

The Web Changes Everything: Understanding the Dynamics of Web Content Eytan Adar University, USA jelsas@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT The Web is a dynamic, ever changing collection of information. This paper explores changes in Web content by analyzing a crawl of 55,000 Web pages, selected to represent

Bergstrom, Carl T.

315

Evaluation of Performance of Cooperative Web Caching with Web Polygraph  

E-print Network

Evaluation of Performance of Cooperative Web Caching with Web Polygraph Ping Du Jaspal Subhlok This paper presents a framework for evaluating the performance of cooperative Web cache hierarchies. Web Poly cache hierarchies built with Squid proxy cache servers. 1 Introduction Multiple Web caches can cooperate

Subhlok, Jaspal

316

World Wide Web Internet and Web Information Systems  

E-print Network

1 23 World Wide Web Internet and Web Information Systems ISSN 1386-145X World Wide Web DOI 10's request, provided it is not made publicly available until 12 months after publication. #12;World Wide Web worlds. Its detection is a typical use case of the broad-based Wisdom Web of Things (W2T) methodology

Cao, Longbing

317

Web Content Filtering 1 User Guidelines Web content filter guidelines  

E-print Network

Web Content Filtering 1 User Guidelines Web content filter guidelines Introduction The basic criterion for blocking a Web page Categories of material which will be blocked Requesting the unblocking of Aberdeen applies a Web Content Filtering service to all web pages accessed from the undergraduate network

318

Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization  

E-print Network

Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization M. Baglioni1 , U. Ferrara2 , A. Romei/26, 56017 S. Martino Ulmiano (PI) Italy ferrara@ksolutions.it Abstract. We describe the web usage mining behaviour of a web site users. The models are inferred from the access logs of a web server by means of data

Ruggieri, Salvatore

319

Towards a Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services  

E-print Network

Towards a Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services Asil A. Almonaies Manar H {asil,alalfi,cordy,dean}@cs.queensu.ca Abstract Migrating traditional legacy web applications to web services is an important step in the modernization of web-based business systems to more complex inter

Cordy, James R.

320

Pace Web Server: A Pure Java Web Server  

E-print Network

Pace Web Server: A Pure Java Web Server with a Servlet Container by Priya Srinivasaraghavan University 2003 #12;Abstract Pace Web Server: A Pure Java Web Server with a Servlet Container by Priya their products and services to their customers. An essential ingredient to the Internet has been the web server

Tao, Lixin

321

Personalizing Web Directories with the Aid of Web Usage Data  

E-print Network

might reside very deep inside the directory. Hence, the size and the complexity of the Web directoryPersonalizing Web Directories with the Aid of Web Usage Data Dimitrios Pierrakos, Member, IEEE of Community Web Directories, a concept that we introduced in our recent work, applying personalization to Web

Paliouras, George

322

Databases on the Web: national web domain survey Denis Shestakov  

E-print Network

, Aalto University Konemiehentie 2, Espoo, 02150 Finland denis.shestakov@aalto.fi ABSTRACT The deep Web of the deep Web by sampling one national web domain. We report some of our results ob- tained when surveying the Russian Web. The survey find- ings, namely the size estimates of the deep Web, could be useful for further

Hammerton, James

323

Webs of Walls  

E-print Network

Webs of domain walls are constructed as 1/4 BPS states in d=4, N=2 supersymmetric U(Nc) gauge theories with Nf hypermultiplets in the fundamental representation. Web of walls can contain any numbers of external legs and loops like (p,q) string/5-brane webs. We find the moduli space M of a 1/4 BPS equation for wall webs to be the complex Grassmann manifold. When moduli spaces of 1/2 BPS states (parallel walls) and the vacua are removed from M, the non-compact moduli space of genuine 1/4 BPS wall webs is obtained. All the solutions are obtained explicitly and exactly in the strong gauge coupling limit. In the case of Abelian gauge theory, we work out the correspondence between configurations of wall web and the moduli space CP^{Nf-1}.

Minoru Eto; Youichi Isozumi; Muneto Nitta; Keisuke Ohashi; Norisuke Sakai

2005-06-16

324

DreiserWebSource  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by the Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library Collection at the University of Pennsylvania, the DreiserWebSource website brings together a host of written ephemera, original essays, and electronic texts related to the life and writings of Theodore Dreiser, the prominent American author. While the site doesn't have a formal search engine, the material is divided into four primary sections: Correspondence & Texts, Scholarly Essays, Reference Sources, and Still and Moving images. The Correspondence & Texts section is a delight unto itself, as it contains a host of digitized correspondence between Dreiser and colleagues over several decades and a special section dedicated to his ground-breaking novel, Sister Carrie. Along with several editions of the complete novel there are several essays about the novel's composition and historical context, along with a virtual exhibition curated by Nancy M. Shawcross from the Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Penn. The site also includes a rare 3-minute silent film of Dreiser from 1938 at Mt. Kisco, New York, taken by Robert Elias.

325

How global companies communicate in host country: a glocalization strategy in web space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate web sites have significant roles in building a positive image with stakeholders, particularly in a host market environment with different cultural backgrounds and values. A content analysis was conducted to study the glocalization strategies of corporate web sites and depiction of cultural values of 47 international brands which were identified as having Indonesian web sites. The four types of

Bayu Sutikno; Julian Ming-Sung Cheng

2012-01-01

326

How global companies communicate in host country: a glocalization strategy in web space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate web sites have significant roles in building a positive image with stakeholders, particularly in a host market environment with different cultural backgrounds and values. A content analysis was conducted to study the glocalization strategies of corporate web sites and depiction of cultural values of 47 international brands which were identified as having Indonesian web sites. The four types of

Bayu Sutikno; Julian Ming-Sung Cheng

2011-01-01

327

Design and Implementation of the Lab Remote Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describe a software and hardware design solution of an embedded web-based remote monitoring system for the environment in the laboratories. Build an embedded web server to publish the data of sensor networks and video images to achieve remote monitoring which is based on B \\/ S architecture. Managers can control the equipments in the lab through a web browser which

Liu Yang; Linying Jiang; Kun Yue; Heming Pang

2010-01-01

328

KWIC [KWiCFinder homepage] [WebKWIC homepage] [WebCorp  

E-print Network

WEB KWIC WEB WEB KWIC [KWiCFinder homepage] [WebKWIC homepage] [WebCorp homepage] WEB KWIC [ 2003] WEB IDE 32 G KWIC 350G WEB 100 2 cdb 40 KWIC WEB WEB NTCIR Web Retrieval Task 100G 1100 [Eguchi et. al 2002] WEB WEB Yahoo! Japan UNIX GNU Wget WEB html,htm txt robots.txt 3500 1 G G 1 #12;KWIC ( ) 1 40 1TB

Sekine, Satoshi

329

Economic Education Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Economic Education Web (EcEdWeb) is a collection of information and web links that provide activities and resources for use in economics classes. The resources are for designed for post-secondary education levels and cover a wide range of topics, from the stock market and personal finance, to international and government economics. Also contained on the website, are list of online textbooks to help teachers and students alike as well as course materials for instructors to utilize.

Dick, James; Reiser, Mary L.; Sosin, Kim

2007-02-12

330

Introduction web smantique  

E-print Network

Introduction au web sémantique Michel Gagnon �cole polytechnique de montréal #12;Plan de la présentation Définition et description générale Les différentes couches du web sémantique Exemples d'application Conclusion #12; Définition et description générale Les différentes couches du web sémantique Exemples d

Gagnon, Michel

331

Food Chain & Food Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the differences and similarities between food chain and food web? Print (2) Garden Gate Print (1) Venn Diagram Garden Gate Venn Diagram Let's learn about the food chain and food web.Read the notes.Food Chain 4 Also, view more notes on food chain and food web. Go to the 7th title Food Chain which is before the Habitats and food chain title of the webpage.Food Chain Power Point Presentation Record what you learn ...

B, Ms.

2011-10-27

332

WebDeveloper.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A boon to web developers, Mecklermedia provides the latest news in web developments; a library with tutorials, white papers, and book reviews on the topic; and a question and answer section. The developers forum contains threaded discussions on fourteen web-related topics. The site also features a software review section, and a general section with further information on fifteen topics from ActiveX to browsers to e-commerce.

1998-01-01

333

Web Archiving Claudia Niedere, Gideon Zenz  

E-print Network

Web Archiving Claudia Niederée, Gideon Zenz Web Science Lecture November 30, 2010 1Web Archiving-time Archiving · Motivation for Web Archiving · Web Archiving at a Glance · Web Archiving Challenges · Web Archiving Methods and Technologies · Current Research in Web archiving Web Archiving, November 30, 2010 2

Nejdl, Wolfgang

334

Denis Shestakov Search Interfaces on the Web  

E-print Network

of the Web (hereafter referred as the deep Web) hidden behind web search in- terfaces. We concentrate on three classes of problems around the deep Web: characterization of deep Web, finding and classifying deep web resources, and querying web databases. Characterizing deep Web: Though the term deep Web

Hammerton, James

335

Web Database Integration School of Information  

E-print Network

into two parts: Surface Web and Deep Web. The Surface Web refers to the static Web pages which can be crawled and indexed by popular search engines, while the Deep Web refers to the contents stored in Web across all top- ics. Some Deep Web portal services provide Deep Web di- rectories which classify Web

336

Web 2.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Web is growing and changing from a paradigm of static publishing to one of participation and interaction. This change has implications for people with disabilities who rely on access to the Web for employment, information, entertainment, and increased independence. The interactive and collaborative nature of Web 2.0 can present access problems for some users. There are some best practices which can be put in place today to improve access. New specifications such as Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) and IAccessible2 are opening the doors to increasing the accessibility of Web 2.0 and beyond.

Gibson, Becky

337

Silicon Web Process Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progress in the development of techniques to grow silicon web at 25 wq cm/min output rate is reported. Feasibility of web growth with simultaneous melt replenishment is discussed. Other factors covered include: (1) tests of aftertrimmers to improve web width; (2) evaluation of growth lid designs to raise speed and output rate; (3) tests of melt replenishment hardware; and (4) investigation of directed gas flow systems to control unwanted oxide deposition in the system and to improve convective cooling of the web. Compatibility with sufficient solar cell performance is emphasized.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Hopkins, R. H.; Mchugh, J. P.; Hill, F. E.; Heimlich, M. E.; Driggers, J. M.

1978-01-01

338

Properties of food webs  

SciTech Connect

On the assumption that systems of interacting species, when perturbed from equilibrium, should return to equilibrium quickly, one can predict four properties of food webs: (1) food chains should be short, (2) species feeding on more than one trophic level (omnivores) should be rare, (3) those species that do feed on more than one trophic level should do so by feeding on species in adjacent trophic levels, and (4) host-parasitoid systems are likely to be exceptions to (1)-(3) when interaction coefficients permit greater trophic complexity. By generating random, model food webs (with many features identical to webs described from a variety of marine, freshwater, and terrestrial systems), it is possible to generate expected values for the number of trophic levels and the degree of omnivory within webs. When compared with these random webs, real world webs are shown to have fewer trophic levels, less omnivory, and very few omnivores feeding on nonadjacent trophic levels. Insect webs are shown to have a greater degree of omnivory than other webs. The confirmation of all these predictions from stability analyses suggests that system stability places necessary, though not sufficient, limitations on the possible shapes of food webs.

Pimm, S.L.

1980-04-01

339

A Query Integrator and Manager for the Query Web  

PubMed Central

We introduce two concepts: the Query Web as a layer of interconnected queries over the document web and the semantic web, and a Query Web Integrator and Manager (QI) that enables the Query Web to evolve. QI permits users to write, save and reuse queries over any web accessible source, including other queries saved in other installations of QI. The saved queries may be in any language (e.g. SPARQL, XQuery); the only condition for interconnection is that the queries return their results in some form of XML. This condition allows queries to chain off each other, and to be written in whatever language is appropriate for the task. We illustrate the potential use of QI for several biomedical use cases, including ontology view generation using a combination of graph-based and logical approaches, value set generation for clinical data management, image annotation using terminology obtained from an ontology web service, ontology-driven brain imaging data integration, small-scale clinical data integration, and wider-scale clinical data integration. Such use cases illustrate the current range of applications of QI and lead us to speculate about the potential evolution from smaller groups of interconnected queries into a larger query network that layers over the document and semantic web. The resulting Query Web could greatly aid researchers and others who now have to manually navigate through multiple information sources in order to answer specific questions. PMID:22531831

Brinkley, James F.; Detwiler, Landon T.

2012-01-01

340

A query integrator and manager for the query web.  

PubMed

We introduce two concepts: the Query Web as a layer of interconnected queries over the document web and the semantic web, and a Query Web Integrator and Manager (QI) that enables the Query Web to evolve. QI permits users to write, save and reuse queries over any web accessible source, including other queries saved in other installations of QI. The saved queries may be in any language (e.g. SPARQL, XQuery); the only condition for interconnection is that the queries return their results in some form of XML. This condition allows queries to chain off each other, and to be written in whatever language is appropriate for the task. We illustrate the potential use of QI for several biomedical use cases, including ontology view generation using a combination of graph-based and logical approaches, value set generation for clinical data management, image annotation using terminology obtained from an ontology web service, ontology-driven brain imaging data integration, small-scale clinical data integration, and wider-scale clinical data integration. Such use cases illustrate the current range of applications of QI and lead us to speculate about the potential evolution from smaller groups of interconnected queries into a larger query network that layers over the document and semantic web. The resulting Query Web could greatly aid researchers and others who now have to manually navigate through multiple information sources in order to answer specific questions. PMID:22531831

Brinkley, James F; Detwiler, Landon T

2012-10-01

341

NJIT WEB DESIGN COMPETITION 2012  

E-print Network

NJIT WEB DESIGN COMPETITION 2012 NJIT WEB DESIGN COMPETITION 2012 is.njit.edu/competition The Web to participate in the seventh annual NJIT Web Design Competition. Any high school may field one or more teams, receive guidance from professionals, and could win cash awards. The NJIT Web Design Competition

Bieber, Michael

342

World Wide Web navigation aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenge for the World Wide Web user is to discover and rediscover useful information from very rich but also very diversified sources in the Web environment. The Web browser is a key interface to facilitate Web information access. In this paper, a framework is proposed to identify and investigate key factors that determine the Web browser's ability to assist

Milena M. Head; Norman P. Archer; Yufei Yuan

2000-01-01

343

Semantic Web Development with WSDM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, one of the important focal points of the evolution of the World Wide Web is the semantic web: a web in which the semantics of the available content and functionality is made explicit. Web Design Methods, originally aimed at offering the designer a well-structured, systematic approach to web design, now face new opportunities and challenges: on one hand, se-

Peter Plessers; Sven Casteleyn; Olga De Troyer

344

Web structure mining: an introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the increasing amount of data available online, the World Wide Web has becoming one of the most valuable resources for information retrievals and knowledge discoveries. Web mining technologies are the right solutions for knowledge discovery on the Web. The knowledge extracted from the Web can be used to raise the performances for Web information retrievals, question answering, and

Zhiguo Gong

2005-01-01

345

SOFTWAREENGINEERING The World Wide Web  

E-print Network

SOFTWAREENGINEERING The World Wide Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning working group on the Web. WEBDAV: IETF Standard for Collaborative Authoring on the Web E. JAMES WHITEHEAD, JR. University remains to be done. What if instead you could simply edit Web documents (or any Web resource) in place

Whitehead, James

346

Compressed Gas EHS-2200-WEB  

E-print Network

Compressed Gas Safety EHS-2200-WEB Register and launch through http://axess.stanford.edu Course title and STARS number: General Safety & Emergency Preparedness EHS-4200-WEB Chemical Safety for Laboratories EHS-1900-WEB Biosafety EHS-1500-WEB Radiation Safety Training EHS-5250 Laser Safety EHS-4820-WEB

347

RESTful Web service composition with  

E-print Network

RESTful Web service composition with BPEL for REST Cesare Pautasso Data & Knowledge Engineering (2009) 2010-05-04 Seul-Ki Lee #12;Contents Introduction Background Design principles of RESTful Web SE LAB 2010 #12;Introduction (1/5) Web Service Describes web-based applications over the web

Bae, Doo-Hwan

348

Web-based radiology applications for clinicians and radiologists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Pennsylvania Radiology Department has developed a suite of Web based applications for clinicians and radiologists to provide wide spread, cost-effective and easy access to radiological information. The Image Viewer application provides clinicians and radiologists access to all diagnostic reports and digital images performed in the last week for all Emergency Dept., Intensive Care Unit and Neuro/CT studies. Image control options including zoom/pan, rotate, flip, and window/level are all available. The image mover/viewer application gives radiologists and technologists the ability to both move studies between any DICOM Storage Class Provider (SCP) and DICOM storage class user (SCU) and to view studies from any DICOM displayed. Web server support requires integration using Perl based CGI scripts with our DICOM/PACS and the MIR/CTN for images and our IDXrad/RIS for reports. Targeted images and reports are automatically routed from the PACS and RIS for storage on the web server. All images sent to the web server are modality specific per-processed to reduce size and improve contrast. After processing, all images are stored in DICOM and GIF formats. Client support requires web browsers with JavaScript and frame support.

Feingold, Eric R.; Grevera, George J.; Mezrich, Reuben S.; Horii, Steven C.; Khalsa, Satjeet S.; Phan, Le

1997-05-01

349

pWeb: A High-Performance, Parallel-Computing Framework for Web-Browser-Based Medical Simulation.  

PubMed

This work presents a pWeb - a new language and compiler for parallelization of client-side compute intensive web applications such as surgical simulations. The recently introduced HTML5 standard has enabled creating unprecedented applications on the web. Low performance of the web browser, however, remains the bottleneck of computationally intensive applications including visualization of complex scenes, real time physical simulations and image processing compared to native ones. The new proposed language is built upon web workers for multithreaded programming in HTML5. The language provides fundamental functionalities of parallel programming languages as well as the fork/join parallel model which is not supported by web workers. The language compiler automatically generates an equivalent parallel script that complies with the HTML5 standard. A case study on realistic rendering for surgical simulations demonstrates enhanced performance with a compact set of instructions. PMID:24732497

Halic, Tansel; Ahn, Woojin; De, Suvranu

2014-01-01

350

What's the web like if you can't see it?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Awareness of Web accessibility is spreading all over the world among Web designers and developers, due to regulations such as the US law called Section 508 and guidelines like the W3C WCAG. We now see various Web accessibility adaptations on the Web. For example, we see increasing use of alternative texts for images and skip-navigation links for speed.However, we sometimes

Chieko Asakawa

2005-01-01

351

Wetlands and Web Pages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the preservation of areas like the Shoreline Park (California) wetlands depends on educating students about the value of natural resources. Describes the creation of a Web page on the wetlands for third-grade students by seventh-grade art and ecology students. Outlines the technical process of developing a Web page. (DSK)

Tisone-Bartels, Dede

1998-01-01

352

Zooming Web browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web (WWW) is becoming increasingly important for business, education, and entertainment. Popular web browsers make access to Internet information resources relatively easy for novice users. Simply by clicking on a link, a new page of information replaces the current one on the screen. Unfortunately however, after following a number of links, people can have difficulty remembering where

Benjamin B. Bederson; James D. Hollan; Jason Stewart; David Rogers; Allison Druin; David Vick; E. Grose; C. Forsythe

1996-01-01

353

A Zooming Web Browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web (WWW) is becoming increasingly important for business, education, and entertainment. Popular web browsers make access to Internet information resources relatively easy for novice users. Simply by clicking on a link, a new page of information replaces the current one on the screen. Unfortunately however, after following a number of links, people can have difficulty remembering where

Benjamin B. Bederson; James D. Hollan

1997-01-01

354

Web Spam Taxonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web spamming refers to actions intended to mislead search engines and give some pages higher ranking than they deserve. Recently, the amount of web spam has increased dramatically, leading to a degradation of search results. This paper presents a comprehen- sive taxonomy of current spamming techniques, which we believe can help in developing appropriate countermeasures.

Zoltán Gyöngyi; Hector Garcia-molina

2005-01-01

355

Adaptive Web Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanisms for personalisation used in web applications are currently the subject of much debate amongst researchers from many diverse subject areas. One of the most contemporary ideas for user modelling in web applications is that of cognitive styles, where a user's psychological preferences are assessed stored in a database and then used to provide personalised content and\\/or links. We

Elizabeth Brown; Tim Brailsford; Tony Fisher; Adam Moore; Helen Ashman

356

WebAda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ada community has used the power of the Internet to distribute computer resources and information; and most recently the World Wide Web (WWW) makes it easier to find those resources. Now, a tool called WebAda uses the Internet and the WWW to provide an interactive capability! [For the rest of this paper, I will use the term Internet to

D. Douglas Smith

1997-01-01

357

Web Accessibility 2. Guidelines  

E-print Network

by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect". Tim Berners Lee #12;Accessibility Design #12;What is accessibility? · Web accessibility refers to the practice of making Web sites usable by people of all abilities and disabilities. (Wikipedia) #12;Why does it matter? · Disabilities

358

Ranking the web frontier  

Microsoft Academic Search

The celebrated PageRank algorithm has proved to be a very effective paradigm for ranking results of web search algorithms. In this paper we refine this basic paradigm to take into account several evolving prominent features of the web, and propose several algorithmic innovations. First, we analyze features of the rapidly growing \\

Nadav Eiron; Kevin S. McCurley; John A. Tomlin

2004-01-01

359

BBC Education Web Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The BBC Education Website (see the May 5, 1995 Scout Report) offers this specialized guide as a service to teachers, students, and parents. Education Web Guide contains a collection of high-quality, educational Websites organized into 24 major topic areas. Sites in the Web Guide are annotated by anonymous subject specialists who suggest how site content may be integrated into classroom learning activities.

360

Crawling the Hidden Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current-day crawlers retrieve content only from the publicly indexable Web, i.e., the set of Web pages reachable purely by following hypertext links, ignoring search forms and pages that require authorization or prior registration. In particular, they ignore the tremendous amount of high qual- ity content \\

Sriram Raghavan; Hector Garcia-molina

2001-01-01

361

Web-Roboter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Die Größe des World Wide Webs macht die Suche nach Informationen zu einem bestimmten Thema sehr schwer.Allein durch manuelles Durchsuchen von Web-Seiten mit einem Browser ist eine umfassende Informationssuche nicht möglich. Man hat eine bessere Chance die gewünschte Information zu finden, wenn man die Dienste von Suchmaschinen wie Altavista in Anspruch nimmt. Diese verwalten in der Regel einen Index, der

Volker Turau

1998-01-01

362

Web peer counseling system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of information and communication technology has opened a new era in the counseling profession. Web counseling is a method of service delivery with potential to supplement traditional face to face counseling. students were more likely to discuss personal concerns with a peer counselor than with a Professional counselor. Therefore, online peer counseling systems are needed. Web peer counseling

Zeng Wang; Yi Chi; Hongzhen Chen; Reifeng Xin

2010-01-01

363

Playing the Web Search Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

quently called "deep" or "invisible" Web. What is the "deep" Web? The indexes in the traditional search engines are built using automated techniques that follow hyper-links in Web documents. There are a large number of document collections on the Web, however, that are not accessible using this method, such as non-Web document collections or databases having a Web front-end. The

Rinat Khoussainov; Nicholas Kushmerick

2003-01-01

364

Web-based Hyper Suprime-Cam Data Providing System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a web-based user interface to retrieve Hyper Suprime-Cam data products, including images and. Users can access data directly from a graphical user interface or by writing a database SQL query. The system provides raw images, reduced images and stacked images (from multiple individual exposures), with previews available. Catalog queries can be executed in preview or queue mode, allowing for both exploratory and comprehensive investigations.

Koike, M.; Furusawa, H.; Takata, T.; Price, P.; Okura, Y.; Yamada, Y.; Yamanoi, H.; Yasuda, N.; Bickerton, S.; Katayama, N.; Mineo, S.; Lupton, R.; Bosch, J.; Loomis, C.

2014-05-01

365

Web 2.0 Toolbar: Providing Web 2.0 Services for Existence Web Pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the term ldquoWeb 2.0rdquo appears, a new generation of Web is coming. There are many technical articles referring to how to design a Web 2.0 website. However, the traditional Web 1.0 websites are still multitudinous currently. The developers of the traditional Web 1.0 website may not have adequate techniques to reconstruct the websites into Web 2.0 timely. Rebuilding a

Ming-Chih Hsieh; Yung-Wei Kao; Shyan-Ming Yuan

2008-01-01

366

Semantic Web or Web 2.0? Socialization of the Semantic Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web 2.0 and the Semantic Web are approaches that target the improvement of the Web through the optimization of mechanisms\\u000a for sharing information and resources. This document argues that Web 2.0 is not an immature stage of the Semantic Web but\\u000a an orthogonal dimension of another Web aspect, the semantic. Unfortunately, both dimensions are not independent; the more\\u000a developed a

Jorge Morato; Anabel Fraga; Yorgos Andreadakis; Sonia Sánchez-cuadrado

2008-01-01

367

Alexander the Great on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This much-better-than-average specialized Web directory on Alexander the Great is maintained by Tim Spalding, an amateur Greek historian. Alexander the Great offers an annotated directory of 900 sites devoted to the Greek conqueror. The directory has over two dozen headings and includes listings of academic articles and books, images of Alexander on the Web, discussion groups, Web biographies, related art of Ancient Greece, and much more. Two particularly helpful lists are the new links and the Webmaster's "top 5%" -- those sites Spalding thinks are among the best. Items in these lists are also helpfully labeled as such when they appear in other listings. Spalding also provides a free email news service for his site.

1995-01-01

368

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06

369

Efficient Materialization of Dynamic Web Data to Improve Web Performance  

E-print Network

Efficient Materialization of Dynamic Web Data to Improve Web Performance Christos Bouras, Agisilaos of performance, response efficiency and data consistency are among the most important ones for data intensive Web a materialization policy that may be applied to data intensive Web sites. Our research relies on the performance

Bouras, Christos

370

A Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services  

E-print Network

A Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services Asil A. Almonaies, Manar H. Alalfi-automatically migrat- ing monolithic legacy web applications to service oriented architecture (SOA) by separating potentially reusable features as web services. Software design re- covery and source transformation techniques

Cordy, James R.

371

Web-CS: Infrastructure for Web-Based Competitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a World Wide Web-based infrastructure for cooperation between many different parties. The infrastructure is designed for Web-based competitions involving an editorial board, designers of assignments or events, evaluators, different organizational layers, and contestants. Web-CS is entirely Web-based: all the communication…

Aerts, A. T. M.; Bierhoff, P. F. M.; De Bra, P. M. E.

372

A THEME ON WEB MARKETING THROUGH WEB TRAFFIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

In business, web traffic analysis plays a greater role and it is relatively a new market segment. With the development of World Wide Web (WWW), companies are beginning to get more sophisticated about how they use their web sites and want to know how to increase their return on investment (ROI). This paper reviews the business trends with web traffic

Nanhay Singh; R. K. Chauhan; Raghuraj Singh; Navin Kumar Tyagi; A. K. Solanki; Deepak Kumar Swain

2010-01-01

373

the Web Ontologybased Community Web Portals Steffen Staab  

E-print Network

the Web Ontology�based Community Web Portals Steffen Staab J urgen Angele b , Stefan Decker of World Wide Web virtually everyone a computer contribute high�value information challenge to able information found. Search machines with task, ultimately provide appropriatly struc� tured views onto web

Staab, Steffen

374

Web Services Based Architecture in Computational Web Portals  

E-print Network

Web Services Based Architecture in Computational Web Portals By Choonhan Youn B.S. The University___________________________________ #12;Abstract Computational web portals provide user environments that simplify access and integrate. The computational web portal, Gateway, consists of a dynamically generated and browser-based user interface

375

The Semantic Web: Collective Intelligence on the Web  

E-print Network

The Semantic Web: Collective Intelligence on the Web Maciej Janik, Ansgar Scherp, and Steffen Staab lastname@uni-koblenz.de Institute for Web Science and Technologies, WeST University of Koblenz-Landau Abstract. The World Wide Web has turned hypertext into a success story by enabling world-wide sharing

Staab, Steffen

376

44 WEB ECOLOGY 9, 2009 Web Ecology 9: 4453.  

E-print Network

44 WEB ECOLOGY 9, 2009 Web Ecology 9: 44­53. Accepted 13 May 2009 Copyright © EEF ISSN 1399 agricultural landscape on local bird communities. ­ Web Ecol. 9: 44­53. This study assesses whether Alcalá de Henares, Spain. #12;45WEB ECOLOGY 9, 2009 multifunctional systems are common in southern Europe

Rey Benayas, José María

377

Intelligent and Adaptive Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving  

E-print Network

Intelligent and Adaptive Crawling of Web Applications for Web Archiving Muhammad Faheem1 and Pierre Kong, Hong Kong firstname.lastname@telecom.paristech.fr Abstract. Web sites are dynamic in nature with content and structure changing overtime. Many pages on the Web are produced by content management systems

Senellart, Pierre

378

Towards a Taxonomy for Web Observatories Web Science Institute  

E-print Network

Towards a Taxonomy for Web Observatories Ian Brown Web Science Institute University of Southampton University of Southampton Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK +44 (0)23 8059 5000 wh@soton.ac.uk Lisa Harris Web.j.harris@soton.ac.uk ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose an initial structure to support a taxonomy for Web Observatories (WO

379

120 WEB ECOLOGY 7, 2007 Web Ecology 7: 120131.  

E-print Network

120 WEB ECOLOGY 7, 2007 Web Ecology 7: 120­131. Accepted 27 December 2007 Copyright © EEF ISSN 1399 improves early performance of planted seedlings of the Mediterranean shrub Quer- cus coccifera. ­ Web, Spain. #12;121WEB ECOLOGY 7, 2007 have important economic consequences because large amounts of public

Rey Benayas, José María

380

Web Projections: Learning from Contextual Subgraphs of the Web  

E-print Network

Web Projections: Learning from Contextual Subgraphs of the Web Jure Leskovec Carnegie Mellon among web pages have been lever- aged as sources of information in methods for ranking search results. To date, specific graphical properties have been used in these analyses. We introduce web projections

Horvitz, Eric

381

Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards  

E-print Network

Towards an Accessible Web through Semantic Web Standards Clare M. So, Mark Perry and Stephen M Abstract-- Making information on the Web accessible to all people, including to those having special needs than actual semantic content that is rendered by alternative technologies. To make the Web more

Perry, Mark

382

WebOvision  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finding the web sites of traditional media outlets is easier with WebOvision, which provides links to television, radio, and newspaper sites around the world. Also included are news sources, film and theater links, and professional resources for journalists. The media sources are arranged by country and then by state or province, if applicable. A search engine allows keyword searching of the entire site; entering a city name, for example, will return links to web sites for print, television and radio outlets in that city. The news sources page provides links to international news agencies as well as press release databases.

383

ChemWeb.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well known ChemWeb site (free after required registration) has launched their new webzine, the Alchemist. The Alchemist is a round up of current news stories with links to articles about each story. Users can also access research news, links to selected web sites, current topics being discussed on chemistry lists and newsgroups, and a conference diary. ChemWeb is maintained by two groups: Current Science Group and MDL Information Systems, Inc. A conference diary recently has been added to its array of services.

384

Silicon web process development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The silicon web process takes advantage of natural crystallographic stabilizing forces to grow long, thin single crystal ribbons directly from liquid silicon. The ribbon, or web, is formed by the solidification of a liquid film supported by surface tension between two silicon filaments, called dendrites, which border the edges of the growing strip. The ribbon can be propagated indefinitely by replenishing the liquid silicon as it is transformed to crystal. The dendritic web process has several advantages for achieving low cost, high efficiency solar cells. These advantages are discussed.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Skutch, M. E.; Driggers, J. M.; Hopkins, R. H.

1981-01-01

385

WebEntrepreneurs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebEntrepreneurs is a comprehensive Website dedicated to the success of Web-based businesses. After a free required online registration, users gain access to entrepreneurial news from a variety of online sources, business tools including step-by-step advice for starting a business, links to business resources, a membership directory, and online forums. Although most of the information on WebEntrepreneurs is geared towards those looking to start online businesses, it is a solid resource for entrepreneurship of any kind.

386

Chemistry WebBook  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 69 NIST Chemistry WebBook (Web, free access)   The NIST Chemistry WebBook contains: Thermochemical data for over 7000 organic and small inorganic compounds; thermochemistry data for over 8000 reactions; IR spectra for over 16,000 compounds; mass spectra for over 33,000 compounds; UV/Vis spectra for over 1600 compounds; electronic and vibrational spectra for over 5000 compounds; constants of diatomic molecules(spectroscopic data) for over 600 compounds; ion energetics data for over 16,000 compounds; thermophysical property data for 74 fluids.

387

ISI Web of Knowledge111 , ,1111  

E-print Network

ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , ,1111 -ISI Web of Knowledge (http://newisiknowledge.com) , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge : Web of Science(-1965) , . Biosis Previews(-1991) , ,, . MEDLINE(-1951) , , . Zoological Record(-1995). , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( ). : 1.:http

Daniel, Rosenfeld

388

1.1 Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3  

E-print Network

Web URL Web Web "Carta" URL Web 1 #12;1 Web 1.1 Web Web [1] Web 2 [2, 3, 4, 5] Web WWW Web Web URL [5] 1 #12;[6, 7] Web [8] Web Web 2 #12;2 Web [9, 10] Web 2.1 and 2.2 Web URL URL Web [11] 3 #12;2.1 2.1: URL Web Web URL 1. ( 2.2) 4 #12;Web ( 2.3) 2. Web 3. ( 2.4) 4. 2.2: (a) 5 #12;2.3: (b) 2.4: (c) 6 #12

Tanaka, Jiro

389

SensorWebIDS: a web mining intrusion detection system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a web intrusion detection system (IDS), SensorWebIDS, which applies data mining, anomaly and misuse intrusion detection on web environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – SensorWebIDS has three main components: the network sensor for extracting parameters from real-time network traffic, the log digger for extracting parameters from web log files and the audit engine

Christie I. Ezeife; Jingyu Dong; Akshai K. Aggarwal

2008-01-01

390

Web Cube: a Programming Model for Reliable Web Applications  

E-print Network

Web Cube: a Programming Model for Reliable Web Applications I.S.W.B. Prasetya, T.E.J. Vos, S UU-CS-2005-002 www.cs.uu.nl #12;Web Cube: a Programming Model for Reliable Web Applications I@cs.uu.nl, tanja@iti.upv.es, doaitse@cs.uu.nl, bela@cs.ui.ac.id Abstract Web Cube is a server side programming

Utrecht, Universiteit

391

Developpement Web -JSP + EL Developpement Web -JSP + EL  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - JSP + EL D´eveloppement Web - JSP + EL Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M2 Informatique 2010-2011 1 / 32 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JSP #12;D´eveloppement Web - JSP + EL Pr´eambule Pr´eambule Pr´eambule 3 / 32 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JSP

Hao, Jin-Kao

392

Web Searching: A Group Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that the World Wide Web can easily be integrated into the classroom but that students must be taught to use a Web browser and how to use search engines to locate the information they need on the Web. Also provides information on evaluating Web sites. (JOW)

Dennison, Russell F.

1999-01-01

393

Web Mining for Hyperlinked Communities  

E-print Network

Web Mining for Hyperlinked Communities Gary William Flake flake@research.nj.nec.com NEC Research Institute #12;Motivation for Web Mining More than 1B web pages and 20TB of raw data. Even more content will always be disorganized (or at best self-organized). In the future, everything will be on the web

Hu, Wen-Chen

394

DEQUE: querying the deep web  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a system called DEQUE (Deep WEb QUery SystEm) for modeling and querying the deep Web. We propose a data model for representing and storing HTML forms, and a web form query language called DEQUEL for retrieving data from the deep Web and storing them in the format convenient for additional processing. Our system is able

Denis Shestakov; Sourav S. Bhowmick; Ee-peng Lim

2005-01-01

395

Silicon web process development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thirty-five (35) furnace runs were carried out during this quarter, of which 25 produced a total of 120 web crystals. The two main thermal models for the dendritic growth process were completed and are being used to assist the design of the thermal geometry of the web growth apparatus. The first model, a finite element representation of the susceptor and crucible, was refined to give greater precision and resolution in the critical central region of the melt. The second thermal model, which describes the dissipation of the latent heat to generate thickness-velocity data, was completed. Dendritic web samples were fabricated into solar cells using a standard configuration and a standard process for a N(+) -P-P(+) configuration. The detailed engineering design was completed for a new dendritic web growth facility of greater width capability than previous facilities.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Blais, P. D.; Davis, J. R., Jr.

1977-01-01

396

WebAssign  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebAssign is a versatile, web-based homework service for educators who want to offer expanded learning opportunities to their students. WebAssign delivers, collects, grades, and records customized homework assignments over the Internet. You can generate assignments with different numerical values, so each of your students is provided with a unique question to solve. This feature encourages motivated, independent thinking with the benefit of collaborative learning. If you are using one of the many popular textbooks supported by WebAssign, you can offer pertinent exercises and problems that relate directly to the lesson at hand. You can write your own questions, or use questions that your colleagues have found successful.

Webassign

2003-10-10

397

Respondent Web Site Features  

Cancer.gov

The ASA24 Respondent Web site guides the participant through the completion of a 24-hour recall for the previous day, either from midnight to midnight or for the past 24-hours, using a dynamic user interface.

398

Internet Web Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Internet Web Text_ links users to information about Internet orientation, guides, reference materials, browsing and exploring tools, subject- and word-oriented searching tools, and information about connecting with people.

399

Oceanic Food Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This visualization illustrates the carbon cycle throughout the oceanic zones, beginning at the surface and traveling to the deep. The concept map-like connections encourage students to link the abiotic and biotic interactions within the oceanic food web.

Science, Office O.; Biological and Environmental Research Information System (BERIS)

400

Learning: The Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores what can be learned--in particular, what can be learned about science--from the Web sites of four well-known science journals: Discover, Scientific American, Nature, and Science. (Author/ASK)

Smith, David A., Ed.; DeVries, David J., Ed.

1999-01-01

401

Fun With Food Webs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains an upper elementary game of tag that illustrates energy flow in food webs using candy bars as food sources. A follow-up field trip to a river and five language arts projects are also suggested. (CS)

Smith, Karl D.

1977-01-01

402

Food Chains and Webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners investigate feeding relationships. Learners complete a food web and then make a mobile to represent a food chain. Use this activity to talk about predator/prey relationships and ecosystems.

Council, Biotechnology A.

2012-06-26

403

Antarctic Food Web Game  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive game adapted from the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, build a food web that illustrates the flow of energy in an Antarctic ecosystem and the relationships between predators and prey.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2007-08-09

404

WebMath  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebMath, created by Physics PhD Tom Bensky, is an online program that instantly solves a wide variety of mathematical problems. A fill-in form lets users type in polynomials, quadratic equations, radical expressions, or almost any common mathematical expression. Click on the solve button, and WebMath gives back the desired solution complete with steps taken to arrive at the answer. The program is capable of handling derivatives, trigonometric expressions, and even word problems.

Bensky, Tom.

405

Photosynthesis Web resources.  

PubMed

Online access to the Internet and the World Wide Web has become important for public awareness and for educating the world's population, including its political leaders, students, researchers, teachers, and ordinary citizens seeking information. After a brief Introduction, relevant information found on photosynthesis-related Web sites and other online locations is presented under five categories: (a) group sites, (b) sites by subject, (c) individual researcher's sites, (d) sites for educators and students, and (e) other useful sites. PMID:23708976

Orr, Larry; Govindjee

2013-07-01

406

Mapping Dark Web Geolocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we first provide a brief review of the Dark Web project of the University of Arizona Artificial Intelligence\\u000a Lab. We then report our research design and case study that aim to identify the geolocation of the countries, cities, and\\u000a ISPs that host selected international Jihadist web sites. We provide an overview of key relevant Internet functionality and

Clinton Mielke; Hsinchun Chen

2008-01-01

407

Food Chains and Webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn more about food chains, food webs, and how the organisms in them affect each other. In class, you have learned what food webs and food chains are. Today, you will explore how the organisms in these systems interact. Step One: Food Chains What happens when you take something out of a food chain? Go to the Chain Reaction website: Chain Reaction--Food Chains This internet site will help you ...

Thompson, Ms.

2007-02-21

408

CareerWeb  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CareerWeb is a searchable database of professional, technical, and managerial jobs in the private sector. US and international employment listings may be searched by job type, location, key word, or employer, and search results include lengthy descriptions as well as links to company homepages. Job seekers deciding to register their resume with CareerWeb may enter their personal file number into the search results for immediate application. Users will also find the alphabetical listing of employers useful.

409

Web Digest for Marketers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Larry Chase, Web Digest for Marketers (WDM) was started in 1995, nearly a lifetime in Internet years. The site offers an archived weekly publication of "15 mercifully short reviews of marketing-oriented Web sites." Broken into catagories including Research, HTML, JavaScript, and FAQs, the sites are reviewed in a helpful, conversational style. Interested users are encouraged to subscribe to the email version of WDM.

410

Sampling the National Deep Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A huge portion of today’s Web consists of web pages filled with information from myriads of online databases. This part of\\u000a the Web, known as the deep Web, is to date relatively unexplored and even major characteristics such as number of searchable\\u000a databases on the Web or databases’ subject distribution are somewhat disputable. In this paper, we revisit a problem

Denis Shestakov

411

Optoelectronic fiber webs for imaging applications  

E-print Network

We demonstrate the use of novel visible and infrared light-sensitive optoelectronic fiber in the development of large scale photodector arrays. Unlike conventional point photodetectors these one-dimensional linear photodectors ...

Arnold, Jerimy Reeves

2005-01-01

412

Stored Product Pest Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic gallery containing 81 images of pests of stored products, including eggs, larvae and pupae and damage photos. Mites, beetles, moths, and psocids are included. A web browser and CD-ROM drive are required to view the images. Images are of high quality and the accompanying text is generally accurate and informative. The larval lesser mealworm is mis-captioned as an adult. Navigation of the images is easy.

0002-11-30

413

Ohio State University WebGarden  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The large public state universities scattered around the United States continue to provide tremendously valuable outreach services through their numerous organizational units, and more and more of them offer their services via a panoply of websites. One such omnibus-style site is The Ohio State University's WebGarden. This site serves as a collection of fine online resources dedicated to providing information about the world of gardening, and about plants, more generally. The "PlantFacts" area is one worth taking a look at, as it contains several important digital collections, including an image database of high-quality plant images and a FAQ section which provides answers to over 800 gardening queries. Equally compelling is the Pocket Gardener, which is a selection of webpages that have been developed especially for both PocketPC and Palm PDA users. These web pages contain material on grasses, perennials, and vines, and five other important topics.

414

Video quality assessment for web content mirroring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the increasing user expectation on watching experience, moving web high quality video streaming content from the small screen in mobile devices to the larger TV screen has become popular. It is crucial to develop video quality metrics to measure the quality change for various devices or network conditions. In this paper, we propose an automated scoring system to quantify user satisfaction. We compare the quality of local videos with the videos transmitted to a TV. Four video quality metrics, namely Image Quality, Rendering Quality, Freeze Time Ratio and Rate of Freeze Events are used to measure video quality change during web content mirroring. To measure image quality and rendering quality, we compare the matched frames between the source video and the destination video using barcode tools. Freeze time ratio and rate of freeze events are measured after extracting video timestamps. Several user studies are conducted to evaluate the impact of each objective video quality metric on the subjective user watching experience.

He, Ye; Fei, Kevin; Fernandez, Gustavo A.; Delp, Edward J.

2014-03-01

415

WebIQ: Learning from the Web to Match Deep-Web Query Interfaces Wensheng Wu, AnHai Doan  

E-print Network

WebIQ: Learning from the Web to Match Deep-Web Query Interfaces Wensheng Wu, AnHai Doan University of Illinois, Urbana, USA Clement Yu University of Illinois, Chicago, USA Abstract Integrating Deep Web sources describe WebIQ, a solution that learns from both the Surface Web and the Deep Web to automatically discover

Doan, AnHai

416

Research on the Web: Snapshots of Antarctica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web research activity gives students a broad overview of Antarctica. They are asked to work as scientists, making predictions and observations and recording their findings. All directions are included in a printable handout. Students begin by gathering background information on Antarctica and polar research. They then view images of Antarctica taken from space and ones that compare its size to the United States. They end by answering questions about Antarctica's size, physical conditions, and why scientists conduct research there.

417

DISCOS database and Web interface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to support Space Debris studies the European Space Agency is maintaining a Database and Information System Characterising Objects in Space (DISCOS), run by the Space Debris Group at the Mission Analysis Section of ESOC, Darmstadt. This database contains characteristic information on all objects ever launched into space since Sputnik 1, as well as other related information, including images, which can be accessed via a Web interface. This interface also allows users to use ESA's MASTER model and Sattrack satellite tracking tool, to download the DISPAD reports, to request solar and geomagnetic activity data or use a set of drawing tools. The main features of the DISCOS database and its interface are here presented.

Hernández de La Torre, C.; Pina Caballero, F.; Sánchez Ortiz, N.; Sdunnus, H.; Klinkrad, H.

2001-10-01

418

Factsheets Web Application  

SciTech Connect

The Factsheets web application was conceived out of the requirement to create, update, publish, and maintain a web site with dynamic research and development (R and D) content. Before creating the site, a requirements discovery process was done in order to accurately capture the purpose and functionality of the site. One of the high priority requirements for the site would be that no specialized training in web page authoring would be necessary. All functions of uploading, creation, and editing of factsheets needed to be accomplished by entering data directly into web form screens generated by the application. Another important requirement of the site was to allow for access to the factsheet web pages and data via the internal Sandia Restricted Network and Sandia Open Network based on the status of the input data. Important to the owners of the web site would be to allow the published factsheets to be accessible to all personnel within the department whether or not the sheets had completed the formal Review and Approval (R and A) process. Once the factsheets had gone through the formal review and approval process, they could then be published both internally and externally based on their individual publication status. An extended requirement and feature of the site would be to provide a keyword search capability to search through the factsheets. Also, since the site currently resides on both the internal and external networks, it would need to be registered with the Sandia search engines in order to allow access to the content of the site by the search engines. To date, all of the above requirements and features have been created and implemented in the Factsheet web application. These have been accomplished by the use of flat text databases, which are discussed in greater detail later in this paper.

VIGIL,FRANK; REEDER,ROXANA G.

2000-10-30

419

Stardial: an Autonomous Astronomical Camera on the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the use of an autonomous astronomical camera, called ``Stardial,'' for undergraduate instruction. Stardial delivers images of the night sky nearly in real-time to the world wide web (www.astro.uiuc.edu\\/~stardial\\/). The world wide web (WWW) interface is robust, inexpensive, and accommodates many students asynchronously with respect to the instructor(s). The guiding philosophy is to provide students with authentic astronomical data

P. McCullough; U. Thakkar

1997-01-01

420

Building Data Integration Systems for the Web  

E-print Network

engines Data is embedded in web page, behind forms #12;Outline · Surfacing the Deep Web · Searching tables on the surface Web · Fusion Tables: a platform for data management on the Web. #12;What is the Deep Web? store to be integrated into general web search ­Can't assume special query syntax #12;Surfacing the Deep Web [Madhavan et

Halevy, Alon

421

Web Search Technology Clement Yu Weiyi Meng  

E-print Network

. The Web can be divided into the Surface Web and the Deep Web (or Hidden Web) (Bergman, 2000). The former the publisher's search engine, then these articles belong to the Deep Web. Web pages that are dynamicallyWeb Search Technology Clement Yu Weiyi Meng Department of Computer Science Department of Computer

Meng, Weiyi

422

WEB-IS (Integrated System): An Overall View  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers in the geosciences are being faced with a deluge of large-scale datasets that needs to be analyzed in a fast and efficient manner. We have developed an interactive web-based scheme for data-mining large datasets using three distinct techniques. Collectively WEB-IS (Web-Based Integrated System) is a webservice based on a client-server paradigm which employs the power of a server to provide visualization and data analysis capabilities to multiple clients remotely. WEB-IS1 (http://boy.msi.umn.edu/web-is) extracts multi-resolutional structures in seismic catalogs through cluster analysis. Off-screen rendering is then applied on the server which allows the client to view the results in 3-D. WEB-IS2 (http://boy.msi.umn.edu/amira) exploits the ease of use in the powerful visualization package Amira (www.amiravis.com) through a web-based module which allows for manipulating and analyzing 3-D datasets. WEB-IS3 (http://tomo.msi.umn.edu/~max) is an imaging service which displays selected features from a low resolution environment to one with increased resolution by zooming into the data. Our software uses a combination of programming languages to seamlessly integrate server-side processing with client-side interaction utilities. Fast two-way communication between client and server will be considered for GRID purposes using SOAP (Livingston, D., Advanced SOAP for Web development, Prentice Hall, 2002). Future use of WEB-IS in the GRID computing environment is also being explored using the Narada-Brokering (www.naradabrokering.org) method. Our aim with this software tool is to overcome the hardware limitations of a thin client by harnessing the power of a large visualization server using a simple web interface.

Kadlec, B. J.; Yang, X.; Wang, Y.; Bollig, E. F.; Garbow, Z. A.; Yuen, D. A.; Erlebacher, G.

2003-12-01

423

Making Medical Visual Information Available on the WEB  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new metadata model to describe and retrieve medical visual information, such images and their diagnoses, using the Web. The classes of this model allow describing medical images of different medical areas, including their properties, components and relationships. This model supports the international classification of diseases and related health problems (i.e. ICD-10) (1). The MedISeek (Medical Image

Silvio Antonio Carro; Jacob Scharcanski

2004-01-01

424

World Wide Web Consortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1994, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has been primarily concerned with âÂÂâ¦developing protocols and guidelines that ensure long-term growth for the Web.â To do so, they draw on a set of international professionals and experts throughout the field of computer science and related fields. The W3C is led by Tim Berners-Lee, who directs the project and who was also responsible for inventing the World Wide Web. First-time visitors should take a look through the âÂÂNew Visitorsâ area, which includes a basic overview of where to find certain materials, such as their technical reports and how to sign up for their mailing lists. Another way to look over some of their materials is by browsing their âÂÂA to Zâ section on the homepage, which covers everything from accessibility to XML encryption.

425

Neuroscience Web Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Neuroscience Web Search, created by Fred K. Lenherr of the Applied Computing Systems Institute, attempts to provide interested users with a searchable index of over 112,000 web pages related to neuroscience. It "includes the home pages of neuroscientists, neuro-medical links, and computational neuroscience." Users can search on the text and/or titles of pages. This search tool is similar to Argos (discussed in the November 1, 1996 Scout Report). The difference is that whereas Argos is both quite clear about the sources of its database and is peer reviewed, Neuroscience Web Search is neither. It is a much larger local subject search engine, but it is more difficult to assess the quality of the materials retrieved.

Lenherr, Fred K.

1996-01-01

426

Codes of online sexuality: Celebrity, gender and marketing on the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketers use the combination of sex and celebrity to sell movies, music, and more. this qualitative project uses content\\u000a analysis to track sexualized images on the official Web sites and fan sites of 41 celebrities. An official Web site may construct\\u000a a celebrity’s sexuality as part of overall marketing, with all images as tightly controlled as trademarked images. Over time,

Jacqueline Lambiase

2003-01-01

427

WebCopier  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebCopier is a Windows-based, offline browser utility. Websites may be scheduled for download according to options which include link depth, file type, and server. Following download, the site is accessible through a tree structure which has the added benefit of showing a unified view of the entire site. In addition to HTML, Javascript is also parsed giving offline access to sites referenced only from Javascript. WebCopier is free and is compatible with Windows 95, 98, NT, or 2000.

428

Developpement Web -JSP + EL Developpement Web -JSP + EL  

E-print Network

D´eveloppement Web - JSP + EL D´eveloppement Web - JSP + EL Jean-Michel Richer jean - JSP + EL Plan Plan 1 Pr´eambule 2 Rappel concernant les JavaBeans 3 Mise en pratique 4 Bibliographie 2 / 32 #12;D´eveloppement Web - JSP + EL Pr´eambule Pr´eambule Pr´eambule 3 / 32 #12;D´eveloppement Web

Hao, Jin-Kao

429

Retinex Image Processing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Retinex Image Processing technology, developed by NASA, is used to compensate for the effect of poor lighting in recorded images. Shadows, changes in the color of illumination, and several other factors can cause image quality to be highly variable. Using an advanced system that sharpens images and efficiently renders colors, a much more constant image quality can be achieved regardless of the lighting. Retinex technology is described in several online publications that can be downloaded from this Web site. Additionally, some example pictures of scenes taken with and without the image processing are shown.

430

Open Sensor Web Architecture: Stateful Web Tom Kobialka 1  

E-print Network

Open Sensor Web Architecture: Stateful Web Services Tom Kobialka 1 , Rajkumar Buyya 2 , Christopher As sensor networks become more pervasive there emerges a need for interfacing applications to perform common operations and transformations on sensor data. Web Services provide an interoperable and platform independent

Melbourne, University of

431

Know your neighbors: web spam detection using the web topology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web spam can significantly deteriorate the quality of search engine results. Thus there is a large incentive for commer- cial search engines to detect spam pages efficiently and ac- curately. In this paper we present a spam detection system that uses the topology of the Web graph by exploiting the link dependencies among the Web pages, and the content of

Carlos Castillo; Debora Donato; Aristides Gionis; Vanessa Murdock; Fabrizio Silvestri

2007-01-01

432

Location and the web (LocWeb 2008)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has become the world's largest networked information resource, but references to geographical locations remain unstructured and typically implicit in nature. This lack of explicit spatial knowledge within the Web makes it difficult to service user needs for location-specific information. At present, spatial knowledge is hidden in many small information fragments such as addresses on Web pages,

Susanne Boll; Christopher Jones; Eric Kansa; Puneet Kishor; Mor Naaman; Ross Purves; Arno Scharl; Erik Wilde

2008-01-01

433

Web service security management using semantic web techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of the Web service technology for business, government, among other sectors, is growing. Its use in these sectors demands security concern. The Web Services Security standard is a step towards satisfying this demand. However, in the current security approach, the mechanism used for describing security properties of Web services restricts security policy specification and intersection. In environments that

Diego Zuquim Guimarães Garcia; Maria Beatriz Felgar De Toledo

2008-01-01

434

WebDigest: Layout-preserving Visually Enhanced Web Pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Web becomes a platform for social activities, it is a serious problem that people unfamiliar with information technologies, especially elderly people, cannot use the Web effectively. Many systems to enlarge fonts and increase line spacing have been developed to improve the readability of Web pages. Although magnifying text assists reading by elderly people, it may cause secondary problems

Junji Maeda; Kentarou Fukuda; Hironobu Takagi; Chieko Asakawa

2003-01-01

435

Dynamic Web Pages: Performance Impact on Web Servers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of Web servers and requests for dynamic pages focuses on experimentally measuring and analyzing the performance of the three dynamic Web page generation technologies: CGI, FastCGI, and Servlets. Develops a multivariate linear regression model and predicts Web server performance under some typical dynamic requests. (Author/LRW)

Kothari, Bhupesh; Claypool, Mark

2001-01-01

436

Web Page Design 1 Running Head: WEB PAGE DESIGN  

E-print Network

: The role of Gender in Subjective Ratings Richard H. Hall University of Missouri - Rolla Lewis L. Hickman and Textual Components of Web Page Design: The role of Gender in Subjective Ratings The World Wide Web is the mediational role of gender in the rating of web pages. There are a number of reasons why we expected ratings

Missouri-Rolla, University of

437

Dental practice websites: creating a Web presence.  

PubMed

Web technology provides an opportunity for dentists to showcase their practice philosophy, quality of care, office setting, and staff in a creative manner. Having a Website provides a practice with innovative and cost-effective communications and marketing tools for current and potential patients who use the Internet. The main benefits of using a Website to promote one's practice are: Making office time more productive, tasks more timely, follow-up less necessary Engaging patients in an interactive and visual learning process Providing online forms and procedure examples for patients Projecting a competent and current image Tracking the usage of Web pages. Several options are available when considering the development of a Website. These options range in cost based on customization of the site and ongoing support services, such as site updates, technical assistance, and Web usage statistics. In most cases, Websites are less expensive than advertising in the phone book. Options in creating a Website include building one's own, employing a company that offers Website templates, and employing a company that offers customized sites. These development options and benefits will continue to grow as individuals access the Web and more information and sites become available. PMID:12222091

Miller, Syrene A; Forrest, Jane L

2002-07-01

438

Adopting Synchronous Audiographic Web Conferencing -  

E-print Network

Adopting Synchronous Audiographic Web Conferencing - A Tale from two Regional Universities the adoption of similar technologies. KEYWORDS Software trial, technology enhanced learning, web conferencing). It brings together approaches adopted by two regional Australian universities � the University of Southern

Loch, Birgit

439

Machine learning on Web documents  

E-print Network

The Web is a tremendous source of information: so tremendous that it becomes difficult for human beings to select meaningful information without support. We discuss tools that help people deal with web information, by, for ...

Shih, Lawrence Kai, 1974-

2004-01-01

440

Web-dendritic ribbon growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A web furnace was constructed for pulling dendritic-web samples. The effect of changes in the furnace thermal geometry on the growth of dendritic-web was studied. Several attempts were made to grow primitive dendrites for use as the dendritic seed crystals for web growth and to determine the optimum twin spacing in the dendritic seed crystal for web growth. Mathematical models and computer programs were used to determine the thermal geometries in the susceptor, crucible melt, meniscus, and web. Several geometries were determined for particular furnace geometries and growth conditions. The information obtained was used in conjunction with results from the experimental growth investigations in order to achieve proper conditions for sustained pulling of two dendrite web ribbons. In addition, the facilities for obtaining the following data were constructed: twin spacing, dislocation density, web geometry, resistivity, majority charge carrier type, and minority carrier lifetime.

Hilborn, R. B., Jr.; Faust, J. W., Jr.

1976-01-01

441

Sensor Webs in Virtual Globes  

E-print Network

A sensor web is a collection of heterogeneous sensors which autonomously reacts to the observed environment. The SouthEast Alaska MOnitoring Network for Science, Telecommunications, Education, and Research (SEAMONSTER) project has implemented a sensor web in partially glaciated watersheds near Juneau, Alaska, on the edge of the Juneau Icefield. By coupling the SEAMONSTER sensor web with digital earth technologies the scientific utility, education and public outreach efforts, and sensor web management of the project all greatly benefit. This paper describes the scientific motivation for a sensor web, the technology developed to implement the sensor web, the software developed to couple the sensor web with digital earth technologies, and demonstrates the SEAMONSTER sensor web in a digital earth framework.

Heavner, M; Hood, E; Connor, C

2009-01-01

442

A Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit  

E-print Network

This thesis introduces the Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit (SWAT), a toolkit that gives users control over the presentation and functionality of web content. SWAT extends Chickenfoot, a Firefox browser scripting environment ...

Webber, Matthew J. (Matthew James)

2010-01-01

443

Code AI Personal Web Pages  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

1998-01-01

444

Web-based pathology practice examination usage  

PubMed Central

Context: General and subject specific practice examinations for students in health sciences studying pathology were placed onto a free public internet web site entitled web path and were accessed four clicks from the home web site menu. Subjects and Methods: Multiple choice questions were coded into. html files with JavaScript functions for web browser viewing in a timed format. A Perl programming language script with common gateway interface for web page forms scored examinations and placed results into a log file on an internet computer server. The four general review examinations of 30 questions each could be completed in up to 30 min. The 17 subject specific examinations of 10 questions each with accompanying images could be completed in up to 15 min each. The results of scores and user educational field of study from log files were compiled from June 2006 to January 2014. Results: The four general review examinations had 31,639 accesses with completion of all questions, for a completion rate of 54% and average score of 75%. A score of 100% was achieved by 7% of users, ?90% by 21%, and ?50% score by 95% of users. In top to bottom web page menu order, review examination usage was 44%, 24%, 17%, and 15% of all accessions. The 17 subject specific examinations had 103,028 completions, with completion rate 73% and average score 74%. Scoring at 100% was 20% overall, ?90% by 37%, and ?50% score by 90% of users. The first three menu items on the web page accounted for 12.6%, 10.0%, and 8.2% of all completions, and the bottom three accounted for no more than 2.2% each. Conclusions: Completion rates were higher for shorter 10 questions subject examinations. Users identifying themselves as MD/DO scored higher than other users, averaging 75%. Usage was higher for examinations at the top of the web page menu. Scores achieved suggest that a cohort of serious users fully completing the examinations had sufficient preparation to use them to support their pathology education. PMID:25337431

Klatt, Edward C.

2014-01-01

445

Hypermedia Presentation Adaptation on the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

language designed to support the Semantic Web. 1 Introduction The Web is the most rapidly growing is nowadays augmented to target machines. In the Semantic Web [1] era, Web data will evolve from machine

Houben, Geert-Jan

446

THEORIZING WEB 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the conceptual problems surrounding popular definitions of Web 2.0 and proposes an alternative approach to understanding the cultural dimension of Web 2.0. Drawing parallels between the discursive and analytical challenges of Web 2.0 and online communities, this article suggests that a theoretical framework, based on Bourdieu's theory of field and habitus, can be applied to theorizing Web

Felicia Wu Song

2010-01-01

447

Adaptive 3D Web Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, technological developments have made it possible to build interactive 3D models of objects and 3D Virtual Environments that can be experienced through the Web, using common, low-cost personal computers. As in the case of Web-based hypermedia, adaptivity can play an important role in increasing the usefulness, effectiveness and usability of 3D Web sites, i.e., Web sites distributing

Luca Chittaro; Roberto Ranon

2007-01-01

448

Web Content Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across the years, Internet has evolved from an academic network to a truly communication medium, reaching impressive levels of audience and becoming a billionaire business. Many of our working, studying, and entertainment activities are nowadays overwhelmingly limited if we get disconnected from the net of networks. And of course, with the use comes abuse. The World Wide Web features a

José María Gómez Hidalgo; Enrique Puertas Sanz; Francisco Carrero García; Manuel De Buenaga Rodríguez

2009-01-01

449

Untangling the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advice is given and sources of information are suggested for use of the Internet and World Wide Web. Services for news, business and commerce, literary offerings, online magazines, travel, and online instruction are included. The information is intended for new users of this information technology. (MSE)

Green, Kenneth C.

1996-01-01

450

Caught on the Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Isakson presents several Web sites to increase students' awareness of career possibilities and the education choices required to reach them. Among other things, Occupational Information Network (O*NET) Online, which can be viewed at http://online.onetcenter.org/, offers a straightforward interface that lets the user search the database by using…

Isakson, Carol

2006-01-01

451

Web based collaborative CAAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper we introduce a new framework that implements a collaborative CAAD software architectureto regulate multiple graphical web clients interacting with multiple distributed computationservers. The key components of the system are: (a) geometric modeling services for CAAD, (b) ashared language interface, (c) a distribution layer for hierarchical object communication and standardJDBC interfaces to database system, (d) collaboration layer for multi-user

Chandrajit L. Bajaj; S. Cutchin; C. Morgia; Alberto Paoluzzi; Valerio Pascucci

1999-01-01

452

Web of Dreams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the novel "Web of Dreams" by Virginia Andrews, a favorite among many secondary students. Considers the book as subject for secondary English study. Claims that the novel defies most teacherly prejudices about formula writing. Provides detailed criticism of the novel. (HB)

Cook, Jackie

1991-01-01

453

SeaWeb  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A multimedia public education project designed to raise awareness of the world ocean and the life within it. Find articles on the latest ocean issues, links to resources and audio clips of the radio show Ocean Report. Also features information on SeaWeb programs, such as aquaculture initiatives for both fish and their eggs (caviar), and publications.

454

Making the Web Accessible.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some of the hardware and peripherals available to people with varied disabilities as an introduction to the things that Web designers and librarians will need to take into consideration when designing a site and selecting materials. Suggests guidelines for good design and tools for increased accessibility. (AEF)

Rouse, Veronica

1999-01-01

455

Caught on the Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents several Web sites supporting electronic presentation skills. The sites featured here will help fine-tune one's skills in modeling effective presentations and provide suggestions for managing student presentations meeting National Educational Technology Standards (NETS). Most use PowerPoint, the current industry…

Isakson, Carol

2005-01-01

456

Underwater Web Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers search for ways to enhance oceanography units in the classroom. There are many online resources available to help one explore the mysteries of the deep. This article describes a collection of Web sites on this topic appropriate for middle level classrooms.

Wighting, Mervyn J.; Lucking, Robert A.; Christmann, Edwin P.

2004-01-01

457

Web Development Simplified  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author has discussed the Multimedia Educational Resource for Teaching and Online Learning site, MERLOT, in a recent Electronic Roundup column. In this article, he discusses an entirely new Web page development tool that MERLOT has added for its members. The new tool is called the MERLOT Content Builder and is directly integrated into the…

Becker, Bernd W.

2010-01-01

458

A Web Policy Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sound technology policies can spell the difference between an effective website and an online nightmare. An effective web development policy addresses six key areas: roles and responsibilities, content/educational value, privacy and safety, adherence to copyright laws, technical standards, and use of commercial sites and services. (MLH)

Levine, Elliott

2001-01-01

459

Animal Diversity Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Animal Diversity Web (ADW) is an online database of animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology, from the University of Michigan. It is a searchable encyclopedia, science learning tool and virtual museum. It has pages suggesting uses for the site in both undergraduate and K12 education.

Roger Espinosa (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology); PhD Cyndy Parr (University of Maryland Human Computer Interaction Lab); PhD Tricia Jones (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology); George Hammond (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology); PhD Tanya A Dewey (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology); PhD Phil Myers (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology)

2006-04-20

460

Context in Web Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web search engines generally treat search requests in isolation. The results for a given query are identical, independent of the user, or the context in which the user made the request. Nextgeneration search engines will make increasing use of context information, either by using explicit or implicit context information from users, or by implementing additional functionality within restricted contexts. Greater

Steve Lawrence

2000-01-01

461

Caching for Web Searching  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study web caching when the input sequence is a depth first search traversal of some tree.There are at least two good motivations for investigating tree traversal as a search technique on theWWW: First, empirical studies of people browsing and searching the WWW have shown that useraccess patterns commonly are nearly depth first traversals of some tree. Secondly, (as we

Bala Kalyanasundaram; John Noga; Kirk Pruhs; Gerhard J. Woeginger

2000-01-01

462

Forensic web watch 4.  

PubMed

Finding dedicated sites on the World Wide Web (WWW) touching upon issues related to the autopsy which could be of use to forensic practitioners is, as with other areas of forensic medicine and science, a time-consuming task. Unfortunately, one has to wade through lists related to 'Alien autopsy' sites and even 'Furby autopsy' sites that are generated by the most commonly used web search engines, which have been featured in earlier web reviews. Numerous sites containing large archives of autopsy photographs are available on the web. However, many of these sites represent the darker side of the WWW as they are often presented purely for titillation. Unfortunately, one can equate these sites to the modern-day version of the Victorian 'freak show'--Typically, these sites ask for your Visa card number to view their contents, and several have links to pornography sites; one even links to a Satanist site. Luckily a few of these sites do now require age confirmation codes. As many of these sites show autopsy photographs from real cases one has to ask how these were obtained and who is placing them on the WWW. This review does not list any of these sites for obvious reasons, but it does draw the reader's attention to sites touching upon issues related to autopsies which forensic practitioners may wish to visit or use. PMID:15274989

Lumb, P; Rutty, G N

2000-06-01

463

Web Of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a simulation game where students represent plants and animals living in a forest habitat. Sitting in a circle, they connect themselves using string to represent the ways they depend on each other. As they make connections, the string forms a web of life. They will also learn what occurs when an invasive species enters their environment.

Resources, Wisconsin D.

2012-05-12

464

Scalable adaptive web services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software as a service creates the possibility of composing software applications from web services spread across different application domains. To guarantee certain quality of services of the composite service, one can think of two paths ahead: quality of service negotiation and guarantee prior to service deployment and bindings; or a more speculative and adaptive behavior at runtime. In this position

Marin Litoiu; Mircea Mihaescu; Dan Ionescu; Bogdan Solomon

2008-01-01

465

Geospatial Web Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GeoTech Center presents a series of model courses on GIS, spatial technologies, and related subjects. This eighth course introduces "the design, publishing, optimization of geospatial servers, and maintenance of basic geospatial web services and applications." A course outline describes prerequisites, student learning outcomes, and course objectives. A second document contains a rubric for evaluating student learning outcomes.

2014-07-11

466

Silicon web process development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A barrier crucible design which consistently maintains melt stability over long periods of time was successfully tested and used in long growth runs. The pellet feeder for melt replenishment was operated continuously for growth runs of up to 17 hours. The liquid level sensor comprising a laser/sensor system was operated, performed well, and meets the requirements for maintaining liquid level height during growth and melt replenishment. An automated feedback loop connecting the feed mechanism and the liquid level sensing system was designed and constructed and operated successfully for 3.5 hours demonstrating the feasibility of semi-automated dendritic web growth. The sensitivity of the cost of sheet, to variations in capital equipment cost and recycling dendrites was calculated and it was shown that these factors have relatively little impact on sheet cost. Dendrites from web which had gone all the way through the solar cell fabrication process, when melted and grown into web, produce crystals which show no degradation in cell efficiency. Material quality remains high and cells made from web grown at the start, during, and the end of a run from a replenished melt show comparable efficiencies.

Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; McHugh, J. P.; Hill, F. E.; Skutch, M. E.; Driggers, J. M.; Hopkins, R. H.

1980-06-01

467

Multiple Gluon Exchange Webs  

E-print Network

Webs are weighted sets of Feynman diagrams which build up the logarithms of correlators of Wilson lines, and provide the ingredients for the computation of the soft anomalous dimension. We present a general analysis of multiple gluon exchange webs (MGEWs) in correlators of semi-infinite non-lightlike Wilson lines, as functions of the exponentials of the Minkowski cusp angles, $\\alpha_{ij}$, formed between lines $i$ and $j$. We compute a range of webs in this class, connecting up to five Wilson lines through four loops, we give an all-loop result for a special class of diagrams, and we discover a new kind of relation between webs connecting different numbers of Wilson lines, based on taking collinear limits. Our results support recent conjectures, stating that the contribution of any MGEW to the soft anomalous dimension is a sum of products of polylogarithms, each depending on a single cusp angle, and such that their symbol alphabet is restricted to $\\alpha_{i j}$ and $1 - \\alpha_{i j}^2$. Finally, we construc...

Falcioni, Giulio; Harley, Mark; Magnea, Lorenzo; White, Chris D

2014-01-01

468

Multiple Gluon Exchange Webs  

E-print Network

Webs are weighted sets of Feynman diagrams which build up the logarithms of correlators of Wilson lines, and provide the ingredients for the computation of the soft anomalous dimension. We present a general analysis of multiple gluon exchange webs (MGEWs) in correlators of semi-infinite non-lightlike Wilson lines, as functions of the exponentials of the Minkowski cusp angles, $\\alpha_{ij}$, formed between lines $i$ and $j$. We compute a range of webs in this class, connecting up to five Wilson lines through four loops, we give an all-loop result for a special class of diagrams, and we discover a new kind of relation between webs connecting different numbers of Wilson lines, based on taking collinear limits. Our results support recent conjectures, stating that the contribution of any MGEW to the soft anomalous dimension is a sum of products of polylogarithms, each depending on a single cusp angle, and such that their symbol alphabet is restricted to $\\alpha_{i j}$ and $1 - \\alpha_{i j}^2$. Finally, we construct a simple basis of functions, defined through a one-dimensional integral representation in terms of powers of logarithms, which has all the expected analytic properties. This basis allows us to compactly express the results of all MGEWs computed so far, and we conjecture that it is sufficient for expressing all MGEWs at any loop order.

Giulio Falcioni; Einan Gardi; Mark Harley; Lorenzo Magnea; Chris D. White

2014-07-13

469

SCS Web Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Michael Friendly, this site is the Statistical Consulting Service Web Resources page for York University. It includes lists of statistical and statistical graphics resources, SAS information guides, online statistical computing applets, and a bibliography of articles for the statistics user.

Friendly, Michael

2009-03-10

470

WebExhibits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive, web-based "museum" features exhibits on the causes of color; color vision and art; the historical use of pigments; the history of calendars, and other topics. There is also an archive of previous exhibits on the scientific method, photography, optics, and other topics.

471

Multiple gluon exchange webs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Webs are weighted sets of Feynman diagrams which build up the logarithms of correlators of Wilson lines, and provide the ingredients for the computation of the soft anomalous dimension. We present a general analysis of multiple gluon exchange webs (MGEWs) in correlators of semi-infinite non-lightlike Wilson lines, as functions of the exponentials of the Minkowski cusp angles, $\\alpha_{ij}$, formed between lines $i$ and $j$. We compute a range of webs in this class, connecting up to five Wilson lines through four loops, we give an all-loop result for a special class of diagrams, and we discover a new kind of relation between webs connecting different numbers of Wilson lines, based on taking collinear limits. Our results support recent conjectures, stating that the contribution of any MGEW to the soft anomalous dimension is a sum of products of polylogarithms, each depending on a single cusp angle, and such that their symbol alphabet is restricted to $\\alpha_{i j}$ and $1 - \\alpha_{i j}^2$. Finally, we construct a simple basis of functions, defined through a one-dimensional integral representation in terms of powers of logarithms, which has all the expected analytic properties. This basis allows us to compactly express the results of all MGEWs computed so far, and we conjecture that it is sufficient for expressing all MGEWs at any loop order.

Falcioni, Giulio; Gardi, Einan; Harley, Mark; Magnea, Lorenzo; White, Chris D.

2014-10-01

472

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining  

E-print Network

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~agray/6240spr11 IIR 19: Web Search Basics Alexander Gray Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Web Search Basics 1 / 117 #12;Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size

Gray, Alexander

473

Enhancing low-dose CT images in the EHR based on HTML5  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web Access to Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine (DICOM) Persistent Objects (WADO) standard specifies a Web-based service for accessing and presenting DICOM persistent objects, such as images and medical imaging reports. This paper analyzes the image transferring mechanism of the WADO service and proposes to extend its abilities by accessing 16-bit images and incorporating a denoising method clinically

Liwei Hao; Dongyan Jia; Guo Dan; Qianjing Feng; Siping Chen

2012-01-01

474

Homeschool Pioneers on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses homeschool Web sites, and notes the importance of connecting with others. Describes three such sites, and lists other Web sites which are useful resources for homeschoolers. Presents an evaluation methodology for school-produced Web sites, consisting of the following criteria: vision, originality, integrity, community, empowerment, and…

Rutkowski, Kathleen

1998-01-01

475

Web Mediators for Accessible Browsing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a highly accurate method for classifying web pages based on link percent- age, which is the percentage of text characters that are parts of links normalized by the number of all text characters on a web page. K -means clustering is used to create unique thresholds to differentiate index pages and article pages on individual web sites. Index

Benjamin N. Waber; John J. Magee; Margrit Betke

2006-01-01

476

Globally Progressive Interactive Web Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that since web browsing is an interactive process and downloading a web page can take sev- eral seconds to several minutes over slow links, the information presented to the user during this time is important. We present new metrics and visualization techniques to illustrate and quan- tify web page loading. Given the insight afforded by the metrics,

Jeffrey M. Gilbert; Robert W. Brodersen

1999-01-01

477

Running Rings Around the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and current status of WebRing, a service that links related Web sites into a central hub. Discusses it as a viable alternative to other search engines and examines issues of free speech, use by the business sector, and implications for WebRing after its purchase by Yahoo! (LRW)

McDermott, Irene E.

1999-01-01

478

World Wide Web conference 1994  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The '95 World Wide Web conference, in Chicago, was a sold out event. This Web page was established in anticipation of a need to provide articles and updates across the Web for people who were interested - or who couldn't get in.

1994-01-01

479

Graphics programming for the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

With HTML5 and ever-improving browser performance, the web has emerged as an ideal platform for showcasing graphics applications. Several graphics applications that were once too slow to be written in anything but native code may now be fast enough to run as web apps. This course for developers who want to develop graphics applications for the web introduces the concepts

Pushkar Joshi; Mikaël Bourges-Sévenier; Kenneth Russell; Zhenyao Mo

2012-01-01

480

Formalizing Web Service Choreographies 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Web service choreography proposals, such as BPEL4WS, BPSS, WSFL, WSCDL or WSCI, provide notations for describing the message flows in Web service collaborations. However, such proposals remain at the descriptive level, without providing any kind of reasoning mechanisms or tool support for checking the compatibility of Web services based on the proposed notations. In this paper we present the

Antonio Brogi; Carlos Canal

481

A Semantic Web Services Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The semantic Web services initiative architecture (SWSA) committee has created a set of architectural and protocol abstractions that serve as a foundation for semantic Web service technologies. This article summarizes the committee's findings, emphasizing its review of requirements gathered from several different environments. We also identify the scope and potential requirements for a semantic Web services architecture.

Mark H. Burstein; Christoph Bussler; Michal Zaremba; Timothy W. Finin; Michael N. Huhns; Massimo Paolucci; Amit P. Sheth; Stuart K. Williams

2005-01-01

482

Interactive Web Sites for Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty-three percent of teenagers are online. The average teen spends 5 to 10 hours a week on the Web. When using Web sites, teenagers are easily bored. Teenagers are also not nearly as skilled as adults at navigating the Web and do not really care for glitzy graphics. Insufficient reading skills, immature research strategies, and unwillingness to…

Haycock, Ken

2005-01-01

483

Web Operation Recorder and Player  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes mechanisms for recording and playing back Web browser operations. A recorder detects a user's operations on a Web browser and saves them as an event sequence called a scenario. A player plays back the scenario by controlling an actual Web browser. In addition, the recorder and player allow a user to add explanations to existing HTML contents

Yoshinori Aoki; Fumio Ando; Amane Nakajima

2000-01-01

484

Sensor system for web inspection  

DOEpatents

A system for electrically measuring variations over a flexible web has a capacitive sensor including spaced electrically conductive, transmit and receive electrodes mounted on a flexible substrate. The sensor is held against a flexible web with sufficient force to deflect the path of the web, which moves relative to the sensor.

Sleefe, Gerard E. (1 Snowcap Ct., Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Rudnick, Thomas J. (626 E. Jackson Rd., St. Louis, MO 63119); Novak, James L. (11048 Malaguena La. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111)

2002-01-01

485

Timing attacks on Web privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a class of attacks that can compromise the privacy of users' Web-browsing histories. The attacks allow a malicious Web site to determine whether or not the user has recently visited some other, unrelated Web page. The malicious page can determine this information by measuring the time the user's browser requires to perform certain operations. Since browsers perform various

Edward W. Felten; Michael A. Schneider

2000-01-01

486

The Food Web Matching Game  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students construct a food web of Antarctic organisms. Working from a trophic table that provides information about each organisms's role in the food web, they will attempt to place them in their correct positions on a blank food web chart. Links to a glossary are embedded in the text.

487

SPINNING THE SEMANTIC WEB INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

SPINNING THE SEMANTIC WEB INTRODUCTION Dieter Fensel, Jim Hendler, Henry Lieberman, and Wolfgang Wahlster The World Wide Web (WWW) has drastically changed the availability of electronically accessible (http://www.w3c.org) expects around a billion Web users and an even higher number of available documents

Wahlster, Wolfgang - Deutsche Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & FR 6.2

488

Ontologies for Web Service Annotations  

E-print Network

Ontologies for Web Service Annotations OBI & EDAM Dr. Jessica Kissinger Department Of Genetics Role of Enriching OBI for Web Service Annotations EDAM Similarities Between EDAM and OBI, working for Web Service Annotations EDAM Similarities Between EDAM and OBI, working towards the same GOAL Our

Kissinger, Jessica

489

77JANUARY 2010 WEB TECHNOLOGIES  

E-print Network

77JANUARY 2010 WEB TECHNOLOGIES Published by the IEEE Computer Society0018-9162/10/$26.00 © 2010 IEEE Web 3.0: The Dawn of Semantic Search I n the past two January edi- tions of this Computer column, I've had the pleasure of writ- ing about the status of the Semantic Web, and particularly of its

Bystroff, Chris

490

Information Technology and Web Science  

E-print Network

Rensselaer Graduate Studies Information Technology and Web Science Rensselaer nurtures a "low walls advanced study in the highly creative, interdisci- plinary field of Information Technology and Web Science to gain a breadth of IT knowledge: itws.rpi.edu #12;itws.rpi.edu Information Technology and Web Science

491

Call for Papers Web Graphics  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Web Graphics Special Issue of IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications Guest Editors a migration of traditional applications to run on the Web environment and a growing demand for more powerful web-based applications. Fused by the increasing availability and dramatic reduction in the cost of 3D

Lau, W. H. Nynson

492

The Evolution of Web Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the interrelation between Web publishing and information retrieval technologies and lists new approaches to Web indexing and searching. Highlights include Web directories; search engines; portalisation; Internet service providers; browser providers; meta search engines; popularity based analysis; natural language searching; links-based…

Green, David

2000-01-01

493

XML and Better Web Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the implications of the new Web metalanguage XML for searching on the World Wide Web and considers the future of XML on the Web. Compared to HTML, XML is more concerned with structure of data than documents, and these data structures should prove conducive to precise, context rich searching. (Author/LRW)

Jackson, Joe; Gilstrap, Donald L.

1999-01-01

494

Image-Based Color Schemes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel method for generating color schemes based on images intended to anchor color designs. This has wide applicability for web pages, printed materials, or other applications where images are used as a key part of the overall design. Unlike methods that are variants of color quantization and try to pixel-wise approximate the image, this method draws

Bryan S. Morse; Daniel Thornton; Qing Xia; John Uibel

2007-01-01

495

Image, Shape & Multimedia Resource Discovery  

E-print Network

Image, Shape & Multimedia Resource Discovery Stefan Rüger Multimedia & Information Systems mmis ­ Lateral browsing ­ Commercial applications · Shape representation ­ 2D ­ 2.5D, images, motion ­ 3D #12 · Archive ­ text, video, images, speech, music, web content, ... · Query ­ text, stills, sketch, speech

Rzepa, Henry S.

496

webCATS: Library OPAC's on the World Wide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peter Scott, the creator of HYTELNET, has collaborated with Doug Macdonald to create webCATS, a page of library catalogs which can be searched via the Web. webCATS is arranged for searching geographically, by type of library, and by library catalog vendor. The webCATS page will soon have an interactive form for adding a URL to your Web searchable library catalog, and in the meantime an email address is provided. The site also connects to the HYTELNET home page. HYTELNET is a computer utility which gives users instant access to telnet accessible library catalogs, FREE-NETS, BBSs, gophers, wais, etc.

497

Toward an immersion platform for the world wide web using autostereoscopic displays and tracking devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

A few years ago, the introduction of the WebGL API has allowed displaying 3D content in web browsers very efficiently by using the power of 3D accelerators. Nowadays, 3D web applications, from games to medical imaging, tend to compete with their desktop counterparts. Among the main factors that can improve the feeling of presence in terms of impressiveness, immersion and

Olivier Nocent; Sylvia Piotin; Aassif Benassarou; Maxime Jaisson; Laurent Lucas

2012-01-01

498

Context Representation for Web Search Results  

E-print Network

Context Representation for Web Search Results Jesús Vegas Department of Computer Science U. Valladolid Context Representation for Web Search Results 2 Outline Intro Web search results in the web site and Future work #12;Context Representation for Web Search Results 3 Introduction Searching the web is one

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

499

Towards a Formal Foundation of Web Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a formal model of web security based on an abstraction of the web platform and use this model to analyze the security of several sample web mechanisms and applications. We identify three distinct threat models that can be used to analyze web applications, ranging from a web attacker who controls malicious web sites and clients, to stronger attackers

Devdatta Akhawe; Adam Barth; Peifung E. Lam; John C. Mitchell; Dawn Song

2010-01-01

500

Knowledge Retrieval from Dynamically Generated Web Pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improved knowledge management in modern World Wide Web is one of the major and significant issues to retrieve accurate and complete data. The hidden Web, also known as the invisible Web or deep Web, has given rise to a new issue of Web mining research. Most documents in the hidden Web, including pages hidden behind search forms, specialized databases, and

M. Asif Naeem; Imran Sarwar Bajwa

2006-01-01