Science.gov

Sample records for weighted digital sums

  1. The sum of digits of polynomial values in arithmetic progressions

    E-print Network

    Stoll, Thomas - Institut de Mathématiques Élie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

    The sum of digits of polynomial values in arithmetic progressions Thomas Stoll Institut de Math´ematiques de Luminy, Universit´e de la M´editerran´ee, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France E-mail: stoll Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary 11A63; Secondary 11N37, 11N69. Key words and phrases: sum

  2. Aggregating sustainability indicators: beyond the weighted sum.

    PubMed

    Rowley, Hazel V; Peters, Gregory M; Lundie, Sven; Moore, Stephen J

    2012-11-30

    Sustainability analysts and environmental decision makers often overcome the difficulty of interpreting comprehensive environmental profiles by aggregating the results using multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methods. However, the wide variety of methodological approaches to weighting and aggregation introduces subjectivity and often uncertainty. It is important to select an approach that is consistent with the decision maker's information needs, but scant practical guidance is available to environmental managers on how to do this. In this paper, we aim to clarify the theoretical implications of an analyst's choice of MCDA method. By systematically examining the methodological decisions that must be made by the analyst at each stage of the assessment process, we aim to improve analysts' understanding of the relationship between MCDA theory and practice, and enable them to apply methods that are consistent with a decision maker's needs in any given problem context. PMID:22813856

  3. A Solution to Weighted Sums of Squares as a Square

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Withers, Christopher S.; Nadarajah, Saralees

    2012-01-01

    For n = 1, 2, ... , we give a solution (x[subscript 1], ... , x[subscript n], N) to the Diophantine integer equation [image omitted]. Our solution has N of the form n!, in contrast to other solutions in the literature that are extensions of Euler's solution for N, a sum of squares. More generally, for given n and given integer weights m[subscript…

  4. Popularity Weighted Ranking for Academic Digital Libraries

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    information from large document databases continues to be a challenging task. Automated digital libraries makePopularity Weighted Ranking for Academic Digital Libraries Yang Sun and C. Lee Giles Information propose a popularity weighted ranking algorithm for aca- demic digital libraries that uses the popularity

  5. HOMOGENEOUS WEIGHTS AND EXPONENTIAL SUMS JOSE FELIPE VOLOCH AND JUDY L. WALKER

    E-print Network

    Walker, Judy

    . In this paper, we give a formula as an exponential sum for a homogeneous weight defined by Constantinescu- linear codes. Carlet also gave a formula for the weight of an element in Z/2k Z (obtained by pulling back of this paper is to use this formula to estimate the weight of codes obtained from algebraic geometric codes

  6. HOMOGENEOUS WEIGHTS AND EXPONENTIAL SUMS JOSE FELIPE VOLOCH AND JUDY L. WALKER

    E-print Network

    Voloch, Felipe

    . In this paper, we give a formula as an exponential sum for a homogeneous weight defined by Greferath and Schmidt- linear codes. Carlet also gave a formula for the weight of an element in Z/2k Z (obtained by pulling back vectors) and use this formula to estimate the weight of codes obtained from algebraic geometric codes over

  7. USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY

    E-print Network

    Borissova, Daniela

    USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY Daniela into account device working range, weight and price and also electrical battery power supply lifetime, temperature working range and its mechanics. The multicriteria optimization choice of the electrical battery

  8. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sum of the years-digits method. 1.167(b)-3 Section 1.167(b)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.167(b)-3 Sum of the years-digits method....

  9. Weighted sums of orthogonal polynomials related to birth-death processes with killing

    E-print Network

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Weighted sums of orthogonal polynomials related to birth-death processes with killing Erik A. van polynomials arising in the analysis of birth-death processes with killing. Motivated by problems: birth-death process with killing, orthogonal polynomials, quasi- stationary distribution 2000

  10. Proving the Integrity of the Weighted Sum Squared Error (WSSE) Loran Cycle Confidence

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    Proving the Integrity of the Weighted Sum Squared Error (WSSE) Loran Cycle Confidence Algorithm Sherman C. Lo, Stanford University Benjamin B. Peterson, Peterson Integrated Geopositioning Per K. Enge founded Peterson Integrated Geopositioning, LLC ABSTRACT For Loran to provide redundancy to GPS

  11. Energy-weighted sum rules for mesons in hot and dense matter

    SciTech Connect

    Cabrera, D.; Polls, A.; Ramos, A.; Tolos, L.

    2009-10-15

    We study energy-weighted sum rules of the pion and kaon propagator in nuclear matter at finite temperature. The sum rules are obtained from matching the Dyson form of the meson propagator with its spectral Lehmann representation at low and high energies. We calculate the sum rules for specific models of the kaon and pion self-energy. The in-medium spectral densities of the K and K mesons are obtained from a chiral unitary approach in coupled channels that incorporates the S and P waves of the kaon-nucleon interaction. The pion self-energy is determined from the P-wave coupling to particle-hole and {delta}-hole excitations, modified by short-range correlations. The sum rules for the lower-energy weights are fulfilled satisfactorily and reflect the contributions from the different quasiparticle and collective modes of the meson spectral function. We discuss the sensitivity of the sum rules to the distribution of spectral strength and their usefulness as quality tests of model calculations.

  12. Representation of the Fourier transform as a weighted sum of the complex error functions

    E-print Network

    S. M. Abrarov; B. M. Quine

    2015-08-05

    In this paper we show that a methodology based on a sampling with the Gaussian function of kind $h\\,{e^{ - {{\\left( {t/c} \\right)}^2}}}/\\left( {{c}\\sqrt \\pi } \\right)$, where ${c}$ and $h$ are some constants, leads to the Fourier transform that can be represented as a weighted sum of the complex error functions. Due to remarkable property of the complex error function, the Fourier transform based on the weighted sum can be significantly simplified and expressed in terms of a damping harmonic series. In contrast to the conventional discrete Fourier transform, this methodology results in a non-periodic wavelet approximation. Consequently, the proposed approach may be useful and convenient in algorithmic implementation.

  13. Pinched weights and duality violation in QCD sum rules: A critical analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez-Alonso, Martin; Pich, Antonio; Prades, Joaquim

    2010-07-01

    We analyze the so-called pinched weights, that are generally thought to reduce the violation of quark-hadron duality in finite-energy sum rules. After showing how this is not true in general, we explain how to address this question for the left-right correlator and any particular pinched weight, taking advantage of our previous work [1], where the possible high-energy behavior of the left-right spectral function was studied. In particular, we show that the use of pinched weights allows to determine with high accuracy the dimension six and eight contributions in the operator-product expansion, O{sub 6}=(-4.3{sub -0.7}{sup +0.9})x10{sup -3} GeV{sup 6} and O{sub 8}=(-7.2{sub -5.3}{sup +4.2})x10{sup -3} GeV{sup 8}.

  14. Energy-weighted sum rules and the analysis of vibrational structure in molecular spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, W. L.

    2015-10-01

    The energy-weighted sum SV = ?n (E?n - E?m)||2 = for the vibrational potential functions V?, V? associated with transitions between two electronic states of diatomic molecular species is investigated and specific formulae are given using Morse functions for V? and V?. It is found that these formulae are useful approximations which provide a convenient way to analyse the vibrational structure of real spectra to give estimates of molecular parameters such as the change in internuclear distance accompanying a transition.

  15. MELLIN TRANSFORMS AND ASYMPTOTICS: DIGITAL SUMS Philippe Flajolet 1;2 , Peter Grabner 3 , Peter Kirschenhofer 1 ,

    E-print Network

    Prodinger, Helmut

    MELLIN TRANSFORMS AND ASYMPTOTICS: DIGITAL SUMS Philippe Flajolet 1;2 , Peter Grabner 3 , Peter of the fractal 1 Research of these authors was supported by the French­Austrian scientific cooperation programme

  16. Mass tensor in the Bohr Hamiltonian from the nondiagonal energy weighted sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Jolos, R. V.; Brentano, P. von

    2009-04-15

    Relations are derived in the framework of the Bohr Hamiltonian that express the matrix elements of the deformation-dependent components of the mass tensor through the experimental data on the energies and the E2 transitions relating the low-lying collective states. These relations extend the previously obtained results for the intrinsic mass coefficients of the well-deformed axially symmetric nuclei on nuclei of arbitrary shape. The expression for the mass tensor is suggested, which is sufficient to satisfy the existing experimental data on the energy weighted sum rules for the E2 transitions for the low-lying collective quadrupole excitations. The mass tensor is determined for {sup 106,108}Pd, {sup 108-112}Cd, {sup 134}Ba, {sup 150}Nd, {sup 150-154}Sm, {sup 154-160}Gd, {sup 164}Dy, {sup 172}Yb, {sup 178}Hf, {sup 188-192}Os, and {sup 194-196}Pt.

  17. Distributed weighted sum-rate maximization with multi-cell uplink-downlink throughput duality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Zeming; Zhu, Yuanping; Xu, Jing; Wang, Jiang; Yang, Yang

    2015-12-01

    The weighted sum-rate maximization (WSRMax) problem is important for the radio resource allocation in wireless networks. In this paper, we focus on solving the WSRMax optimization problem in a Home eNodeB (HeNB) wireless network for the multiple input single output (MISO) downlink transmission. Based on an ameliorated max-min multi-cell uplink-downlink throughput duality, we design a distributed algorithm which contains Loop1 and Loop2 associating with the max-min procedure, respectively. Especially, in Loop2 procedure, we propose a new distributed iteration scheme with the complete proof. During the implementation of the proposed algorithm, randomly deployed HeNBs only need to share information with their neighboring nodes. Simulation results show that the two processes can converge to a stable state, and the network capacity is dramatically improved with the coordination among HeNBs.

  18. Experimental active structural acoustic control of simply supported plates using a weighted sum of spatial gradients.

    PubMed

    Hendricks, Daniel R; Johnson, William R; Sommerfeldt, Scott D; Blotter, Jonathan D

    2014-11-01

    A limitation currently facing active structural acoustic control (ASAC) researchers is that an ideal minimization quantity for use in the control algorithms has not been developed. A novel parameter termed the "weighted sum of spatial gradients" (WSSG) was recently developed for use in ASAC and shown to effectively attenuate acoustic radiation from a vibrating flat simply supported plate in computer simulations. This paper extends this research from computer simulations and provides experimental test results. The results presented show that WSSG is a viable control quantity and provides better results than the volume velocity approach. The paper also investigates several of the challenges presented by the use of WSSG. These include determining a method to measure WSSG experimentally, an analysis of the influence of noise on WSSG control results and complications presented when degenerate modes exist. Results are shown and discussed for several experimental configurations. PMID:25373961

  19. Assessment of Weighted Quantile Sum Regression for Modeling Chemical Mixtures and Cancer Risk

    PubMed Central

    Czarnota, Jenna; Gennings, Chris; Wheeler, David C

    2015-01-01

    In evaluation of cancer risk related to environmental chemical exposures, the effect of many chemicals on disease is ultimately of interest. However, because of potentially strong correlations among chemicals that occur together, traditional regression methods suffer from collinearity effects, including regression coefficient sign reversal and variance inflation. In addition, penalized regression methods designed to remediate collinearity may have limitations in selecting the truly bad actors among many correlated components. The recently proposed method of weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression attempts to overcome these problems by estimating a body burden index, which identifies important chemicals in a mixture of correlated environmental chemicals. Our focus was on assessing through simulation studies the accuracy of WQS regression in detecting subsets of chemicals associated with health outcomes (binary and continuous) in site-specific analyses and in non-site-specific analyses. We also evaluated the performance of the penalized regression methods of lasso, adaptive lasso, and elastic net in correctly classifying chemicals as bad actors or unrelated to the outcome. We based the simulation study on data from the National Cancer Institute Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Program (NCI-SEER) case–control study of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) to achieve realistic exposure situations. Our results showed that WQS regression had good sensitivity and specificity across a variety of conditions considered in this study. The shrinkage methods had a tendency to incorrectly identify a large number of components, especially in the case of strong association with the outcome. PMID:26005323

  20. THE SUM OF DIGITS OF n AND n2 KEVIN G. HARE, SHANTA LAISHRAM, AND THOMAS STOLL

    E-print Network

    Stoll, Thomas - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

    THE SUM OF DIGITS OF n AND n2 KEVIN G. HARE, SHANTA LAISHRAM, AND THOMAS STOLL Abstract. Let sq for . The aim of the present paper is to provide a generalization to general p(n) and base q K.G. Hare supported by an APART grant of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. 1 #12;2 KEVIN G. HARE, SHANTA LAISHRAM

  1. HOMOGENEOUS WEIGHTS AND EXPONENTIAL SUMS JOS'E FELIPE VOLOCH AND JUDY L. WALKER

    E-print Network

    Walker, Judy

    equivalently, rings of Witt vectors) and use this formula to estimate the weight of cod* *es obtained also gave a formula for the weight of an element in Z=2kZ * *(obtained not produce a formula like Carlet'* *s for their weight. ___________ Date: December 18, 2002

  2. A comparison between weighted sum of gray gases and statistical narrow-band radiation models for combustion applications

    SciTech Connect

    Soufiani, A. . Lab. d'Energetique Moleculaire et Macroscopique); Djavdan, E. )

    1994-05-01

    The weighted sum of gray gases (WSGG) and the statistical narrow-band (SNB) models are implemented for radiative transfer calculations in realistic combustion gas mixtures and their results are compared. The WSGG model parameters are generated from SNB emissivity calculations in the [300, 2500 K] temperature range for a partial pressure ratio p[sub w]/p[sub c] = 2. In addition, the same methods are used for the resolution of the transfer equation associated with both models. Comparisons are made for the cases of planar geometry and an axisymmetrical methane--oxygen furnace. When the gas mixture is practically isothermal and surrounded by cold walls, small errors are introduced by the use of the WSGG model. On the other hand, in the case of significant temperature gradients, the inaccurate representation of gas absorptivities by the WSGG model leads to important errors.

  3. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...years-digits method annual allowances for depreciation are computed by applying changing...Illustrations. Computation of depreciation allowances on a single asset under...a calendar year basis, the annual depreciation allowances are as...

  4. Accuracy of a digital weight scale relative to the nintendo wii in measuring limb load asymmetry.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ns Senthil; Omar, Baharudin; Joseph, Leonard H; Hamdan, Nor; Htwe, Ohnmar; Hamidun, Nursalbiyah

    2014-08-01

    [Purpose] The aim of the present study was to investigate the accuracy of a digital weight scale relative to the Wii in limb loading measurement during static standing. [Methods] This was a cross-sectional study conducted at a public university teaching hospital. The sample consisted of 24 participants (12 with osteoarthritis and 12 healthy) recruited through convenient sampling. Limb loading measurements were obtained using a digital weight scale and the Nintendo Wii in static standing with three trials under an eyes-open condition. The limb load asymmetry was computed as the symmetry index. [Results] The accuracy of measurement with the digital weight scale relative to the Nintendo Wii was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (K-S test). The area under the ROC curve was found to be 0.67. Logistic regression confirmed the validity of digital weight scale relative to the Nintendo Wii. The D statistics value from the K-S test was found to be 0.16, which confirmed that there was no significant difference in measurement between the equipment. [Conclusion] The digital weight scale is an accurate tool for measuring limb load asymmetry. The low price, easy availability, and maneuverability make it a good potential tool in clinical settings for measuring limb load asymmetry. PMID:25202181

  5. Improving the Network Scale-Up Estimator: Incorporating Means of Sums, Recursive Back Estimation, and Sampling Weights.

    PubMed

    Habecker, Patrick; Dombrowski, Kirk; Khan, Bilal

    2015-01-01

    Researchers interested in studying populations that are difficult to reach through traditional survey methods can now draw on a range of methods to access these populations. Yet many of these methods are more expensive and difficult to implement than studies using conventional sampling frames and trusted sampling methods. The network scale-up method (NSUM) provides a middle ground for researchers who wish to estimate the size of a hidden population, but lack the resources to conduct a more specialized hidden population study. Through this method it is possible to generate population estimates for a wide variety of groups that are perhaps unwilling to self-identify as such (for example, users of illegal drugs or other stigmatized populations) via traditional survey tools such as telephone or mail surveys-by asking a representative sample to estimate the number of people they know who are members of such a "hidden" subpopulation. The original estimator is formulated to minimize the weight a single scaling variable can exert upon the estimates. We argue that this introduces hidden and difficult to predict biases, and instead propose a series of methodological advances on the traditional scale-up estimation procedure, including a new estimator. Additionally, we formalize the incorporation of sample weights into the network scale-up estimation process, and propose a recursive process of back estimation "trimming" to identify and remove poorly performing predictors from the estimation process. To demonstrate these suggestions we use data from a network scale-up mail survey conducted in Nebraska during 2014. We find that using the new estimator and recursive trimming process provides more accurate estimates, especially when used in conjunction with sampling weights. PMID:26630261

  6. Improving the Network Scale-Up Estimator: Incorporating Means of Sums, Recursive Back Estimation, and Sampling Weights

    PubMed Central

    Habecker, Patrick; Dombrowski, Kirk; Khan, Bilal

    2015-01-01

    Researchers interested in studying populations that are difficult to reach through traditional survey methods can now draw on a range of methods to access these populations. Yet many of these methods are more expensive and difficult to implement than studies using conventional sampling frames and trusted sampling methods. The network scale-up method (NSUM) provides a middle ground for researchers who wish to estimate the size of a hidden population, but lack the resources to conduct a more specialized hidden population study. Through this method it is possible to generate population estimates for a wide variety of groups that are perhaps unwilling to self-identify as such (for example, users of illegal drugs or other stigmatized populations) via traditional survey tools such as telephone or mail surveys—by asking a representative sample to estimate the number of people they know who are members of such a “hidden” subpopulation. The original estimator is formulated to minimize the weight a single scaling variable can exert upon the estimates. We argue that this introduces hidden and difficult to predict biases, and instead propose a series of methodological advances on the traditional scale-up estimation procedure, including a new estimator. Additionally, we formalize the incorporation of sample weights into the network scale-up estimation process, and propose a recursive process of back estimation “trimming” to identify and remove poorly performing predictors from the estimation process. To demonstrate these suggestions we use data from a network scale-up mail survey conducted in Nebraska during 2014. We find that using the new estimator and recursive trimming process provides more accurate estimates, especially when used in conjunction with sampling weights. PMID:26630261

  7. Extension of weighted sum of gray gas data to mathematical simulation of radiative heat transfer in a boiler with gas-soot media.

    PubMed

    Gharehkhani, Samira; Nouri-Borujerdi, Ali; Kazi, Salim Newaz; Yarmand, Hooman

    2014-01-01

    In this study an expression for soot absorption coefficient is introduced to extend the weighted-sum-of-gray gases data to the furnace medium containing gas-soot mixture in a utility boiler 150 MWe. Heat transfer and temperature distribution of walls and within the furnace space are predicted by zone method technique. Analyses have been done considering both cases of presence and absence of soot particles at 100% load. To validate the proposed soot absorption coefficient, the expression is coupled with the Taylor and Foster's data as well as Truelove's data for CO2-H2O mixture and the total emissivities are calculated and compared with the Truelove's parameters for 3-term and 4-term gray gases plus two soot absorption coefficients. In addition, some experiments were conducted at 100% and 75% loads to measure furnace exit gas temperature as well as the rate of steam production. The predicted results show good agreement with the measured data at the power plant site. PMID:25143981

  8. Integrated-Circuit Active Digital Filter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nathan, R.

    1986-01-01

    Pipeline architecture with parallel multipliers and adders speeds calculation of weighted sums. Picture-element values and partial sums flow through delay-adder modules. After each cycle or time unit of calculation, each value in filter moves one position right. Digital integrated-circuit chips with pipeline architecture rapidly move 35 X 35 two-dimensional convolutions. Need for such circuits in image enhancement, data filtering, correlation, pattern extraction, and synthetic-aperture-radar image processing: all require repeated calculations of weighted sums of values from images or two-dimensional arrays of data.

  9. A digitally controlled AGC loop circuitry for GNSS receiver chip with a binary weighted accurate dB-linear PGA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gang, Jin; Yiqi, Zhuang; Yue, Yin; Miao, Cui

    2015-03-01

    A novel digitally controlled automatic gain control (AGC) loop circuitry for the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receiver chip is presented. The entire AGC loop contains a programmable gain amplifier (PGA), an AGC circuit and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), which is implemented in a 0.18 ?m complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process and measured. A binary-weighted approach is proposed in the PGA to achieve wide dB-linear gain control with small gain error. With binary-weighted cascaded amplifiers for coarse gain control, and parallel binary-weighted trans-conductance amplifier array for fine gain control, the PGA can provide a 64 dB dynamic range from -4 to 60 dB in 1.14 dB gain steps with a less than 0.15 dB gain error. Based on the Gaussian noise statistic characteristic of the GNSS signal, a digital AGC circuit is also proposed with low area and fast settling. The feed-backward AGC loop occupies an area of 0.27 mm2 and settles within less than 165 ?s while consuming an average current of 1.92 mA at 1.8 V.

  10. Design of digital filters for frequency weightings (A and C) required for risk assessments of workers exposed to noise.

    PubMed

    Rimell, Andrew N; Mansfield, Neil J; Paddan, Gurmail S

    2015-01-01

    Many workers are exposed to noise in their industrial environment. Excessive noise exposure can cause health problems and therefore it is important that the worker's noise exposure is assessed. This may require measurement by an equipment manufacturer or the employer. Human exposure to noise may be measured using microphones; however, weighting filters are required to correlate the physical noise sound pressure level measurements to the human's response to an auditory stimulus. IEC 61672-1 and ANSI S1.43 describe suitable weighting filters, but do not explain how to implement them for digitally recorded sound pressure level data. By using the bilinear transform, it is possible to transform the analogue equations given in the standards into digital filters. This paper describes the implementation of the weighting filters as digital IIR (Infinite Impulse Response) filters and provides all the necessary formulae to directly calculate the filter coefficients for any sampling frequency. Thus, the filters in the standards can be implemented in any numerical processing software (such as a spreadsheet or programming language running on a PC, mobile device or embedded system). PMID:25224333

  11. Design of digital filters for frequency weightings (A and C) required for risk assessments of workers exposed to noise

    PubMed Central

    RIMELL, Andrew N.; MANSFIELD, Neil J.; PADDAN, Gurmail S.

    2014-01-01

    Many workers are exposed to noise in their industrial environment. Excessive noise exposure can cause health problems and therefore it is important that the worker’s noise exposure is assessed. This may require measurement by an equipment manufacturer or the employer. Human exposure to noise may be measured using microphones; however, weighting filters are required to correlate the physical noise sound pressure level measurements to the human’s response to an auditory stimulus. IEC 61672-1 and ANSI S1.43 describe suitable weighting filters, but do not explain how to implement them for digitally recorded sound pressure level data. By using the bilinear transform, it is possible to transform the analogue equations given in the standards into digital filters. This paper describes the implementation of the weighting filters as digital IIR (Infinite Impulse Response) filters and provides all the necessary formulae to directly calculate the filter coefficients for any sampling frequency. Thus, the filters in the standards can be implemented in any numerical processing software (such as a spreadsheet or programming language running on a PC, mobile device or embedded system). PMID:25224333

  12. Weighty data: importance information influences estimated weight of digital information storage devices

    PubMed Central

    Schneider, Iris K.; Parzuchowski, Michal; Wojciszke, Bogdan; Schwarz, Norbert; Koole, Sander L.

    2015-01-01

    Previous work suggests that perceived importance of an object influences estimates of its weight. Specifically, important books were estimated to be heavier than non-important books. However, the experimental set-up of these studies may have suffered from a potential confound and findings may be confined to books only. Addressing this, we investigate the effect of importance on weight estimates by examining whether the importance of information stored on a data storage device (USB-stick or portable hard drive) can alter weight estimates. Results show that people thinking a USB-stick holds important tax information (vs. expired tax information vs. no information) estimate it to be heavier (Experiment 1) compared to people who do not. Similarly, people who are told a portable hard drive holds personally relevant information (vs. irrelevant), also estimate the drive to be heavier (Experiments 2A,B). PMID:25620942

  13. A digital combining-weight estimation algorithm for broadband sources with the array feed compensation system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vilnrotter, V. A.; Rodemich, E. R.

    1994-01-01

    An algorithm for estimating the optimum combining weights for the Ka-band (33.7-GHz) array feed compensation system was developed and analyzed. The input signal is assumed to be broadband radiation of thermal origin, generated by a distant radio source. Currently, seven video converters operating in conjunction with the real-time correlator are used to obtain these weight estimates. The algorithm described here requires only simple operations that can be implemented on a PC-based combining system, greatly reducing the amount of hardware. Therefore, system reliability and portability will be improved.

  14. Digital combining-weight estimation for broadband sources using maximum-likelihood estimates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rodemich, E. R.; Vilnrotter, V. A.

    1994-01-01

    An algorithm described for estimating the optimum combining weights for the Ka-band (33.7-GHz) array feed compensation system is compared with the maximum-likelihood estimate. This provides some improvement in performance, with an increase in computational complexity. However, the maximum-likelihood algorithm is simple enough to allow implementation on a PC-based combining system.

  15. Microcalcification detection in full-field digital mammograms with PFCM clustering and weighted SVM-based method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Xiaoming; Mei, Ming; Liu, Jun; Hu, Wei

    2015-12-01

    Clustered microcalcifications (MCs) in mammograms are an important early sign of breast cancer in women. Their accurate detection is important in computer-aided detection (CADe). In this paper, we integrated the possibilistic fuzzy c-means (PFCM) clustering algorithm and weighted support vector machine (WSVM) for the detection of MC clusters in full-field digital mammograms (FFDM). For each image, suspicious MC regions are extracted with region growing and active contour segmentation. Then geometry and texture features are extracted for each suspicious MC, a mutual information-based supervised criterion is used to select important features, and PFCM is applied to cluster the samples into two clusters. Weights of the samples are calculated based on possibilities and typicality values from the PFCM, and the ground truth labels. A weighted nonlinear SVM is trained. During the test process, when an unknown image is presented, suspicious regions are located with the segmentation step, selected features are extracted, and the suspicious MC regions are classified as containing MC or not by the trained weighted nonlinear SVM. Finally, the MC regions are analyzed with spatial information to locate MC clusters. The proposed method is evaluated using a database of 410 clinical mammograms and compared with a standard unweighted support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The detection performance is evaluated using response receiver operating (ROC) curves and free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) curves. The proposed method obtained an area under the ROC curve of 0.8676, while the standard SVM obtained an area of 0.8268 for MC detection. For MC cluster detection, the proposed method obtained a high sensitivity of 92 % with a false-positive rate of 2.3 clusters/image, and it is also better than standard SVM with 4.7 false-positive clusters/image at the same sensitivity.

  16. Automated detection of breast masses on digital mammograms using adaptive density-weighted contrast-enhancement filtering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrick, Nicholas; Chan, Heang-Ping; Sahiner, Berkman; Wei, Datong; Helvie, Mark A.; Goodsitt, Mitchell M.; Adler, Dorit D.

    1995-05-01

    This paper presents a novel approach for segmentation of suspicious mass regions in digitized mammograms using a new adaptive density-weighted contrast enhancement (DWCE) filter in conjunction with Laplacian-Gaussian (LG) edge detection. The new algorithm processes a mammogram in two stages. In the first stage the entire mammogram is filtered globally using a DWCE adaptive filter which enhances the local contrast of the image based on its local mean pixel values. The enhanced image is then segmented with an LG edge detector into isolated objects. In the second stage of processing, the DWCE adaptive filter and the edge detector are applied locally to each of the segmented object regions detected in the first stage. The number of objects is then reduced based on morphological features. ROIs are selected from the remaining object set based on the centroid locations of the individual objects. The selected ROIs are then input to either a linear discriminant analysis (LDA) classifier or a convolution neural network (CNN) to further differentiate true-positives and false-positives. In this study ROIs obtained from a set of 84 images were used to train the LDA and CNN classifiers. The DWCE algorithm was then,used to extract ROIs from a set of 84 test images. The trained LDA and CNN classifiers were subsequently applied to the extracted ROIs, and the dependence of the detection system's accuracy on the feature extraction and classification techniques was analyzed.

  17. Influence of graphical weights' interpretation and filtration algorithms on generalization ability of neural networks applied to digit recognition.

    PubMed

    Kusy, Maciej; Szczepanski, Damian

    2012-10-01

    In this paper, the method of the graphical interpretation of the single-layer network weights is introduced. It is shown that the network parameters can be converted to the image and their particular elements are the pixels. For this purpose, weight-to-pixel conversion formula is used. Moreover, new weights' modification method is proposed. The weight coefficients are computed on the basis of pixel values for which image filtration algorithms are implemented. The approach is applied to the weights of three types of the models: single-layer network, two-layer backpropagation network and the hybrid network. The performance of the models is then compared on two independent data sets. By means of the experiments, it is presented that the adjustment of the weights to new values decreases test error value compared to the error obtained for initial set of weights. PMID:22997482

  18. Digitally controlled distributed phase shifter

    DOEpatents

    Hietala, V.M.; Kravitz, S.H.; Vawter, G.A.

    1993-08-17

    A digitally controlled distributed phase shifter is comprised of N phase shifters. Digital control is achieved by using N binary length-weighted electrodes located on the top surface of a waveguide. A control terminal is attached to each electrode thereby allowing the application of a control signal. The control signal is either one or two discrete bias voltages. The application of the discrete bias voltages changes the modal index of a portion of the waveguide that corresponds to a length of the electrode to which the bias voltage is applied, thereby causing the phase to change through the underlying portion of the waveguide. The digitally controlled distributed phase shift network has a total phase shift comprised of the sum of the individual phase shifters.

  19. Application of the Spectral Line-based Weighted-Sum-of-Gray-Gases model (SLWSGG) to the calculation of radiative heat transfer in steel reheating furnaces firing on low heating value gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, P. D.; Danda, A.; Embouazza, M.; Gazdallah, M.; Evrard, P.; Feldheim, V.

    2012-06-01

    The Spectral Line-based Weighted-Sum-of-Gray-Gases (SLWSGG) model is applied to calculate the gaseous radiative properties of the aero- or oxy-combustion products of low heating value gases issued from steel making process such as Blast Furnace Gas (BFG) as well as of high heating value gases such as Coke Oven Gas (COG) and conventional Natural Gas (NG). The comparison of total emissivities shows that the 3-gray-gases SLWSGG model is in very good agreement with the Hottel and Sarofim's database. The 3-gray-gases SLWSGG model is then integrated into AnsysFluent® Discrete Ordinates method under User Defined Function and CFD simulations are performed using these combined models. The simulations are done, with full combustion-radiation coupling, for steel reheating furnaces firing on three types of gases: BFG, COG and NG. The results are compared with the simulations realized with the 1-gray-gas WSGG model available in AnsysFluent®. The comparison shows that the 1-gray-gas WSGG model highly overestimates the steel discharging temperature as compared to the 3-gray-gases SLWSGG model. Significant temperature differences are observed between the two radiative models, i.e. 116°C, 55°C and 67°C for the BFG, COG and NG cases, respectively. It can be concluded that the 3-gray-gases SLWSGG model should be used to calculate the radiation heat transfer in large industrial furnaces with more accuracy not only for low heating value gases such as BFG but also for high heating value gases such as COG and NG.

  20. Digital archive of drilling mud weight pressures and wellbore temperatures from 49 regional cross sections of 967 well logs in Louisiana and Texas, onshore Gulf of Mexico basin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Burke, Lauri A.; Kinney, Scott A.; Kola-Kehinde, Temidayo B.

    2011-01-01

    This document provides the digital archive of in-situ temperature and drilling mud weight pressure data that were compiled from several historical sources. The data coverage includes the states of Texas and Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico basin. Data are also provided graphically, for both Texas and Louisiana, as plots of temperature as a function of depth and pressure as a function of depth. The minimum, arithmetic average, and maximum values are tabulated for each 1,000-foot depth increment for temperature as well as pressure in the Texas and Louisiana data.

  1. Sums of Consecutive Integers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pong, Wai Yan

    2007-01-01

    We begin by answering the question, "Which natural numbers are sums of consecutive integers?" We then go on to explore the set of lengths (numbers of summands) in the decompositions of an integer as such sums.

  2. PDA+: A Personal Digital Assistant for Obesity Treatment - An RCT testing the use of technology to enhance weight loss treatment for veterans

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Obese adults struggle to make the changes necessary to achieve even modest weight loss, though a decrease in weight by as little as 10% can have significant health benefits. Failure to meet weight loss goals may in part be associated with barriers to obesity treatment. Wide-spread dissemination of evidence-based obesity treatment faces multiple challenges including cost, access, and implementing the programmatic characteristics on a large scale. Aims The PDA+: A Personal Digital Assistant for Obesity Treatment randomized controlled trial (RCT) was designed to test whether a PDA-based behavioral intervention enhances the effectiveness of the existing group weight loss treatment program at VA Medical Centers Managing Overweight/Obese Veterans Everywhere (MOVE!). We also aim to introduce technology as a way to overcome systemic barriers of traditional obesity treatment. Methods/Design Veterans enrolled in the MOVE! group at the Hines Hospital VAMC with BMI ? 25 and ? 40 and weigh < 400 pounds, experience chronic pain (? 4 on the NRS-I scale for ? 6 months prior to enrollment) and are able to participate in a moderate intensity exercise program will be recruited and screened for eligibility. Participants will be randomized to receive either: a) MOVE! treatment alone (Standard Care) or b) Standard Care plus PDA (PDA+). Those randomized to PDA+ will record dietary intake, physical activity, and weight on the PDA. In addition, they will also record mood and pain intensity, and receive biweekly telephone support for the first 6-months of the 12-month study. All participants will attend in-person lab sessions every three months to complete questionnaires and for the collection of anthropomorphic data. Weight loss and decrease in pain level intensity are the primary outcomes. Discussion The PDA+ trial represents an important step in understanding ways to improve the use of technology in obesity treatment. The trial will address barriers to obesity care by implementing effective behavioral components of a weight loss intervention and delivering high intensity, low cost obesity treatment. This RCT also tests an intervention approach supported by handheld technology in a population traditionally considered to have lower levels of technology literacy. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00371462 PMID:21481253

  3. Adjustment of measurements with multiplicative errors: error analysis, estimates of the variance of unit weight, and effect on volume estimation from LiDAR-type digital elevation models.

    PubMed

    Shi, Yun; Xu, Peiliang; Peng, Junhuan; Shi, Chuang; Liu, Jingnan

    2013-01-01

    Modern observation technology has verified that measurement errors can be proportional to the true values of measurements such as GPS, VLBI baselines and LiDAR. Observational models of this type are called multiplicative error models. This paper is to extend the work of Xu and Shimada published in 2000 on multiplicative error models to analytical error analysis of quantities of practical interest and estimates of the variance of unit weight. We analytically derive the variance-covariance matrices of the three least squares (LS) adjustments, the adjusted measurements and the corrections of measurements in multiplicative error models. For quality evaluation, we construct five estimators for the variance of unit weight in association of the three LS adjustment methods. Although LiDAR measurements are contaminated with multiplicative random errors, LiDAR-based digital elevation models (DEM) have been constructed as if they were of additive random errors. We will simulate a model landslide, which is assumed to be surveyed with LiDAR, and investigate the effect of LiDAR-type multiplicative error measurements on DEM construction and its effect on the estimate of landslide mass volume from the constructed DEM. PMID:24434880

  4. Adjustment of Measurements with Multiplicative Errors: Error Analysis, Estimates of the Variance of Unit Weight, and Effect on Volume Estimation from LiDAR-Type Digital Elevation Models

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Yun; Xu, Peiliang; Peng, Junhuan; Shi, Chuang; Liu, Jingnan

    2014-01-01

    Modern observation technology has verified that measurement errors can be proportional to the true values of measurements such as GPS, VLBI baselines and LiDAR. Observational models of this type are called multiplicative error models. This paper is to extend the work of Xu and Shimada published in 2000 on multiplicative error models to analytical error analysis of quantities of practical interest and estimates of the variance of unit weight. We analytically derive the variance-covariance matrices of the three least squares (LS) adjustments, the adjusted measurements and the corrections of measurements in multiplicative error models. For quality evaluation, we construct five estimators for the variance of unit weight in association of the three LS adjustment methods. Although LiDAR measurements are contaminated with multiplicative random errors, LiDAR-based digital elevation models (DEM) have been constructed as if they were of additive random errors. We will simulate a model landslide, which is assumed to be surveyed with LiDAR, and investigate the effect of LiDAR-type multiplicative error measurements on DEM construction and its effect on the estimate of landslide mass volume from the constructed DEM. PMID:24434880

  5. Fungible Weights in Multiple Regression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, Niels G.

    2008-01-01

    Every set of alternate weights (i.e., nonleast squares weights) in a multiple regression analysis with three or more predictors is associated with an infinite class of weights. All members of a given class can be deemed "fungible" because they yield identical "SSE" (sum of squared errors) and R[superscript 2] values. Equations for generating…

  6. Systematics of strength function sum rules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Calvin W.

    2015-11-01

    Sum rules provide useful insights into transition strength functions and are often expressed as expectation values of an operator. In this letter I demonstrate that non-energy-weighted transition sum rules have strong secular dependences on the energy of the initial state. Such non-trivial systematics have consequences: the simplification suggested by the generalized Brink-Axel hypothesis, for example, does not hold for most cases, though it weakly holds in at least some cases for electric dipole transitions. Furthermore, I show the systematics can be understood through spectral distribution theory, calculated via traces of operators and of products of operators. Seen through this lens, violation of the generalized Brink-Axel hypothesis is unsurprising: one expects sum rules to evolve with excitation energy. Furthermore, to lowest order the slope of the secular evolution can be traced to a component of the Hamiltonian being positive (repulsive) or negative (attractive).

  7. SUMS calibration test report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robertson, G.

    1982-01-01

    Calibration was performed on the shuttle upper atmosphere mass spectrometer (SUMS). The results of the calibration and the as run test procedures are presented. The output data is described, and engineering data conversion factors, tables and curves, and calibration on instrument gauges are included. Static calibration results which include: instrument sensitive versus external pressure for N2 and O2, data from each scan of calibration, data plots from N2 and O2, and sensitivity of SUMS at inlet for N2 and O2, and ratios of 14/28 for nitrogen and 16/32 for oxygen are given.

  8. A hybrid mean value formula involving Kloosterman sums and Hurwitz zeta-function

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganglian, Ren

    2007-06-01

    The main purpose of this paper is using the mean value theorem of Dirichlet L-function and the estimates for character sums to study the asymptotic properties of a hybrid mean value of Kloosterman sums with the weight of Hurwitz zeta-function and the Cochrane sums, and give an interesting mean value formula for it.

  9. Predicting the resected tissue weight from a digital rectal examination and total prostate specific antigen level before transurethral resection of the prostate

    PubMed Central

    Harraz, Ahmed M.; El-Assmy, Ahmed; Tharwat, Mohamed; Elshal, Ahmed M.; El-Nahas, Ahmed R.; Barakat, Tamer S.; Elsaadany, Mohamed M.; El-Halwagy, Samer; Ibrahiem, El Housseiny I.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the use of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) level and digital rectal examination (DRE) findings to estimate the resected tissue weight (RTW) before transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Patients and methods We retrospectively analysed 983 patients who underwent TURP between December 2006 and December 2012. The primary outcome was the RTW required for clinical improvement, and was not associated with re-intervention. Age, PSA level, body mass index (BMI) and DRE findings were correlated and modelled with the RTW. The DRE result was defined as DREa (small vs. large) or DREb (small vs. moderate vs. large) according to the surgeon’s report. Equations to calculate RTW were developed and tested using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. Results There were significant correlations between PSA level (r = 0.4, P < 0.001) and RTW, whilst BMI and age showed weak correlations. The median (range) RTW was 45 (7–60) vs. 15 (6–60) g for small vs. large prostates (DREa) (P < 0.001), respectively. Similarly, the median (range) RTW was 11 (6–59) vs. 26.2 (6–60) vs. 42 (7–60) g in small vs. moderate vs. large prostates (DREb) (P < 0.001), respectively. Using PSA level and DREb (model 3) there was a significantly better ability to estimate RTW than using PSA and DREa (model 2) or PSA alone (model 1) based on ROC curve analyses. The equation developed by model 3 (RTW = 1.2 + (1.13 × PSA) + (DREb × 9.5)) had a sensitivity and specificity of 82% and 71% for estimating a RTW of >30 g, and 84% and 63% for estimating a RTW of >40 g, respectively. Conclusions The PSA level and DRE findings can be used to predict the RTW before TURP. PMID:26019959

  10. The Robust Weighted Multi-Objective Game

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies a class of multi-objective n-person non-zero sum games through a robust weighted approach where each player has more than one competing objective. This robust weighted multi-objective game model assumes that each player attaches a set of weights to its objectives instead of accessing accurate weights. Each player wishes to minimize its maximum weighted sum objective where the maximization is pointing to the set of weights. To address this new model, a new equilibrium concept-robust weighted Nash equilibrium is obtained. The existence of this new concept is proven on suitable assumptions about the multi-objective payoffs. PMID:26406986

  11. Using Squares to Sum Squares

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeTemple, Duane

    2010-01-01

    Purely combinatorial proofs are given for the sum of squares formula, 1[superscript 2] + 2[superscript 2] + ... + n[superscript 2] = n(n + 1) (2n + 1) / 6, and the sum of sums of squares formula, 1[superscript 2] + (1[superscript 2] + 2[superscript 2]) + ... + (1[superscript 2] + 2[superscript 2] + ... + n[superscript 2]) = n(n + 1)[superscript 2]…

  12. Activation of the intermediate sum in intentional and automatic calculations

    PubMed Central

    Abramovich, Yael; Goldfarb, Liat

    2015-01-01

    Most research investigating how the cognitive system deals with arithmetic has focused on the processing of two addends. Arithmetic that involves more addends has specific cognitive demands such as the need to compute and hold the intermediate sum. This study examines the intermediate sums activations in intentional and automatic calculations. Experiment 1 included addition problems containing three operands. Participants were asked to calculate the sum and to remember the digits that appeared in the problem. The results revealed an interference effect in which it was hard to identify that the digit representing the intermediate sum was not actually one of the operands. Experiment 2, further examined if the intermediate sum is activated automatically when a task does not require calculation. Here, participants were presented with a prime of an addition problem followed by a target number. The task was to determine whether the target number is odd or even, while ignoring the addition problem in the prime. The results suggested that the intermediate sum of the addition problem in the prime was activated automatically and facilitated the target. Overall, the implications of those findings in the context of theories that relate to cognitive mathematical calculation is further discussed. PMID:26483749

  13. A 2-categorical state sum model

    SciTech Connect

    Baratin, Aristide; Freidel, Laurent

    2015-01-15

    It has long been argued that higher categories provide the proper algebraic structure underlying state sum invariants of 4-manifolds. This idea has been refined recently, by proposing to use 2-groups and their representations as specific examples of 2-categories. The challenge has been to make these proposals fully explicit. Here, we give a concrete realization of this program. Building upon our earlier work with Baez and Wise on the representation theory of 2-groups, we construct a four-dimensional state sum model based on a categorified version of the Euclidean group. We define and explicitly compute the simplex weights, which may be viewed a categorified analogue of Racah-Wigner 6j-symbols. These weights solve a hexagon equation that encodes the formal invariance of the state sum under the Pachner moves of the triangulation. This result unravels the combinatorial formulation of the Feynman amplitudes of quantum field theory on flat spacetime proposed in A. Baratin and L. Freidel [Classical Quantum Gravity 24, 2027–2060 (2007)] which was shown to lead after gauge-fixing to Korepanov’s invariant of 4-manifolds.

  14. An efficient method for evaluating energy-dependent sum rules

    E-print Network

    Dinur, Nir Nevo; Bacca, Sonia; Barnea, Nir

    2014-01-01

    Energy-dependent sum rules are useful tools in many fields of physics. In nuclear physics, they typically involve an integration of the response function over the nuclear spectrum with a weight function composed of integer powers of the energy. More complicated weight functions are also encountered, e.g., in nuclear polarization corrections of atomic spectra. Using the Lorentz integral transform method and the Lanczos algorithm, we derive a computationally efficient technique for evaluating such sum rules that avoids the explicit calculation of both the continuum states and the response function itself. Our numerical results for electric dipole sum rules of the Helium-4 nucleus with various energy-dependent weights show rapid convergence with respect to the number of Lanczos steps. This demonstrates the usefulness of the method in a variety of electroweak reactions.

  15. Analytic and algorithmic aspects of generalized harmonic sums and polylogarithms

    SciTech Connect

    Ablinger, Jakob; Schneider, Carsten; Blümlein, Johannes

    2013-08-15

    In recent three-loop calculations of massive Feynman integrals within Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and, e.g., in recent combinatorial problems the so-called generalized harmonic sums (in short S-sums) arise. They are characterized by rational (or real) numerator weights also different from ±1. In this article we explore the algorithmic and analytic properties of these sums systematically. We work out the Mellin and inverse Mellin transform which connects the sums under consideration with the associated Poincaré iterated integrals, also called generalized harmonic polylogarithms. In this regard, we obtain explicit analytic continuations by means of asymptotic expansions of the S-sums which started to occur frequently in current QCD calculations. In addition, we derive algebraic and structural relations, like differentiation with respect to the external summation index and different multi-argument relations, for the compactification of S-sum expressions. Finally, we calculate algebraic relations for infinite S-sums, or equivalently for generalized harmonic polylogarithms evaluated at special values. The corresponding algorithms and relations are encoded in the computer algebra package HarmonicSums.

  16. Weighted Boolean Formula Games Marios Mavronicolas

    E-print Network

    Mavronicolas, Marios

    Weighted Boolean Formula Games Marios Mavronicolas Burkhard Monien Klaus W. Wagner§ (August 17, 2007) Abstract We introduce a new class of succinct games, called weighted boolean formula games. Here. The payoff of a player is the weighted sum of the values of his boolean formulas. For these games, we

  17. Digital Batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hubler, Alfred

    2009-03-01

    The energy density in conventional capacitors is limited by sparking. We present nano-capacitor arrays, where - like in laser diodes and quantum wells [1] - quantization prevents dielectric breakthrough. We show that the energy density and the power/weight ratio are very high, possibly larger than in hydrogen [2]. Digital batteries are a potential clean energy source for cars, laptops, and mobile devices. The technology is related to flash drives. However, because of the high energy density, safety is a concern. Digital batteries can be easily and safely charged and discharged. In the discharged state they pose no danger. Even if a charged digital battery were to explode, it would produce no radioactive waste, no long-term radiation, and probably could be designed to produce no noxious chemicals. We discuss methodologies to prevent shorts and other measures to make digital batteries safe. [1] H. Higuraskh, A. Toriumi, F. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamura, A. Hubler, Correlation Tunnel Device, U. S. Patent No. 5,679,961 (1997) [2] Alfred Hubler, http://server10.how-why.com/blog/

  18. Generalized constructive tree weights

    SciTech Connect

    Rivasseau, Vincent E-mail: adrian.tanasa@ens-lyon.org; Tanasa, Adrian E-mail: adrian.tanasa@ens-lyon.org

    2014-04-15

    The Loop Vertex Expansion (LVE) is a quantum field theory (QFT) method which explicitly computes the Borel sum of Feynman perturbation series. This LVE relies in a crucial way on symmetric tree weights which define a measure on the set of spanning trees of any connected graph. In this paper we generalize this method by defining new tree weights. They depend on the choice of a partition of a set of vertices of the graph, and when the partition is non-trivial, they are no longer symmetric under permutation of vertices. Nevertheless we prove they have the required positivity property to lead to a convergent LVE; in fact we formulate this positivity property precisely for the first time. Our generalized tree weights are inspired by the Brydges-Battle-Federbush work on cluster expansions and could be particularly suited to the computation of connected functions in QFT. Several concrete examples are explicitly given.

  19. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory

    E-print Network

    Nobuo Hinohara; Markus Kortelainen; Witold Nazarewicz; Erik Olsen

    2015-01-28

    The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or EDF. But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy FAM based on the QRPA. To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory, the Thouless theorem for the energy-weighted sum rule, and the dielectric theorem for the inverse energy-weighted sum rule. We demonstrate that calculated sum-rule values agree with those obtained from the matrix formulation of the QRPA. We also discuss the applicability of both the Thouless theorem about the energy-weighted sum rule and the dielectric theorem for the inverse energy-weighted sum rule to nuclear density functional theory in cases when the EDF is not based on a Hamiltonian. The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. The FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and external field cannot be used.

  20. Tweets, Apps, and Pods: Results of the 6-Month Mobile Pounds Off Digitally (Mobile POD) Randomized Weight-Loss Intervention Among Adults

    PubMed Central

    Tate, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    Background Previous interventions have shown promising results using theory-based podcasts to deliver a behavioral weight-loss intervention. Objective The objective of our study was to examine whether a combination of podcasting, mobile support communication, and mobile diet monitoring can assist people in weight loss. Methods In this 6-month, minimal contact intervention, overweight (n = 96, body mass index 32.6 kg/m2) adults were recruited through television advertisements and email listservs and randomly assigned to Podcast-only or Podcast+Mobile groups. Both groups received 2 podcasts per week for 3 months and 2 minipodcasts per week for months 3–6. In addition to the podcasts, the Podcast+Mobile group was also instructed to use a diet and physical activity monitoring application (app) on their mobile device and to interact with study counselors and other participants on Twitter. Results Weight loss did not differ by group at 6 months: mean –2.7% (SD 5.6%) Podcast+Mobile, n = 47; mean –2.7% (SD 5.1%) Podcast, n = 49; P = .98. Days/week of reported diet monitoring did not differ between Podcast+Mobile (mean 2.3, SD 1.9 days/week) and Podcast groups (mean 1.9, SD 1.7 days/week; P = .28) but method of monitoring did differ. Podcast+Mobile participants were 3.5 times more likely than the Podcast group to use an app to monitor diet (P = .01), whereas the majority of Podcast participants reported using the Web (14/41, 34%) or paper (12/41, 29%). There were more downloads per episode in the Podcast+Mobile group (1.4/person) than in the Podcast group (1.1/person; P < .001). The number of podcasts participants reported downloading over the 6-month period was significantly moderately correlated with weight loss in both the Podcast+Mobile (r = –.46, P = .001) and the Podcast (r = –.53, P < .001) groups. Podcast+Mobile participants felt more user control at 3 months (P = .02), but not at 6 months, and there was a trend (P = .06) toward greater elaboration among Podcast+Mobile participants. There were significant differences in reported source of social support between groups. More Podcast participants relied on friends (11/40, 28% vs 4/40, 10%; P = .045) whereas Podcast+Mobile participants relied on online sources (10/40, 25% vs 0/40; P = .001). Conclusions Results confirm and extend previous findings showing a minimally intensive weight-loss intervention can be delivered via podcast, but prompting and mobile communication via Twitter and monitoring app without feedback did not enhance weight loss. Trial Registration Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01139255; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01139255 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/625OjhiDy) PMID:22186428

  1. Some properties of extremal solutions of zero-sum differential games

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, T. L.

    1975-01-01

    Necessary conditions for infinite-time linear-quadratic two-player differential games with perfect state information are examined in the light of Willems' work on the algebraic Riccati equation. Necessary conditions for the nonzero-sum game do not always reduce precisely to those of the zero-sum game, when the weighting parameters of the cost index are taken as those of a zero-sum game. Formulation of zero-sum game problems in extended L2-spaces reveals the existence of nonstabilizing but infimal controls, and explicit frequency-domain conditions for existence of solutions and stabilizing solutions are established through the algebraic Riccati equation (ARE).

  2. Summing Certain p-Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fay, Temple H.

    1997-01-01

    Presents an exercise suitable for beginning calculus students that may give insight into series representations and allow students to see some elementary application of these representations. The Fourier series is used to approximate by taking sums of trigonometric functions of the form sin(ns) and cos(nx) for n is greater than or = zero. (PVD)

  3. Direct Sum Decomposition of Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaheem, A. B.

    2005-01-01

    Direct sum decomposition of Abelian groups appears in almost all textbooks on algebra for undergraduate students. This concept plays an important role in group theory. One simple example of this decomposition is obtained by using the kernel and range of a projection map on an Abelian group. The aim in this pedagogical note is to establish a direct…

  4. Weight Control

    MedlinePLUS

    ... prevent weight-related diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and some cancers. Eating too much or not being physically active enough will make you overweight. To maintain your weight, the calories you eat must equal the energy you burn. To lose weight, you must use more calories ...

  5. Semiring Artificial Neural Networks and Weighted Automata

    E-print Network

    Hoelldobler, Steffen

    Semiring Artificial Neural Networks and Weighted Automata And an Application to Digital Image goal is to extend this result to weighted automata. In other words, we want to integrate artificial neural networks and weighted automata. For this task, we introduce semiring artificial neural networks

  6. AMC 12 2001 1. The sum of two numbers is S. Suppose 3 is added to each number and then

    E-print Network

    Reiter, Harold

    was her annual income? (A) $28000 (B) $32000 (C) $35000 (D) $42000 (E) $56000 4. The mean of three numbers digit. The digits in each part of the number are in decreasing order; that is, A > B > C, D > E > F52th AMC 12 2001 1. The sum of two numbers is S. Suppose 3 is added to each number and then each

  7. Broadband performance of superdirective delay-and-sum beamformers steered to end-fire.

    PubMed

    Trucco, A; Traverso, F; Crocco, M

    2014-06-01

    Linear arrays steered to end-fire provide superdirective robust performance if a constraint is imposed on the white-noise gain. Filter-and-sum beamformers achieve the maximum constrained directivity by tuning their complex weights over the frequency. Delay-and-sum beamformers have simpler structures, but their weights are fixed and optimized at a given frequency. This letter investigates the constrained directivity provided over a broad band by different delay-and-sum techniques. Complex weights and analytic signals attain near-optimal broadband performance over four octaves. Oversteered arrays using real weights and signals were found to attain superdirective performance over approximately two octaves. Hearing aids and directional hydrophones are potential applications for the considered arrays. PMID:24907842

  8. Summing Planar Bosonic Open Strings

    SciTech Connect

    Bardakci, Korkut

    2006-02-16

    In earlier work, planar graphs of massless {phi}{sup 3} theory were summed with the help of the light cone world sheet picture and the mean field approximation. In the present article, the same methods are applied to the problem of summing planar bosonic open strings. They find that in the ground state of the system, string boundaries form a condensate on the world sheet, and a new string emerges from this summation. Its slope is always greater than the initial slope, and it remains non-zero even when the initial slope is set equal to zero. If they assume the initial string tends to a field a theory in the zero slope limit, this result provides evidence for string formation in field theory.

  9. An efficient sampling technique for sums of bandpass functions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawton, W. M.

    1982-01-01

    A well known sampling theorem states that a bandlimited function can be completely determined by its values at a uniformly placed set of points whose density is at least twice the highest frequency component of the function (Nyquist rate). A less familiar but important sampling theorem states that a bandlimited narrowband function can be completely determined by its values at a properly chosen, nonuniformly placed set of points whose density is at least twice the passband width. This allows for efficient digital demodulation of narrowband signals, which are common in sonar, radar and radio interferometry, without the side effect of signal group delay from an analog demodulator. This theorem was extended by developing a technique which allows a finite sum of bandlimited narrowband functions to be determined by its values at a properly chosen, nonuniformly placed set of points whose density can be made arbitrarily close to the sum of the passband widths.

  10. Precision digital pulse phase generator

    DOEpatents

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A timing generator comprises a crystal oscillator connected to provide an output reference pulse. A resistor-capacitor combination is connected to provide a variable-delay output pulse from an input connected to the crystal oscillator. A phase monitor is connected to provide duty-cycle representations of the reference and variable-delay output pulse phase. An operational amplifier drives a control voltage to the resistor-capacitor combination according to currents integrated from the phase monitor and injected into summing junctions. A digital-to-analog converter injects a control current into the summing junctions according to an input digital control code. A servo equilibrium results that provides a phase delay of the variable-delay output pulse to the output reference pulse that linearly depends on the input digital control code.

  11. Precision digital pulse phase generator

    DOEpatents

    McEwan, T.E.

    1996-10-08

    A timing generator comprises a crystal oscillator connected to provide an output reference pulse. A resistor-capacitor combination is connected to provide a variable-delay output pulse from an input connected to the crystal oscillator. A phase monitor is connected to provide duty-cycle representations of the reference and variable-delay output pulse phase. An operational amplifier drives a control voltage to the resistor-capacitor combination according to currents integrated from the phase monitor and injected into summing junctions. A digital-to-analog converter injects a control current into the summing junctions according to an input digital control code. A servo equilibrium results that provides a phase delay of the variable-delay output pulse to the output reference pulse that linearly depends on the input digital control code. 2 figs.

  12. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinohara, Nobuo; Kortelainen, Markus; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik

    2015-04-01

    Background: The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, the correlations governing the behavior of the many-body system, and the properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or the nuclear energy density functional (EDF). But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. Purpose: To establish an efficient framework to compute energy-weighted sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy finite-amplitude method (FAM) based on the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Methods: To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory, the Thouless theorem for the energy-weighted sum rule, and the dielectric theorem for the inverse-energy-weighted sum rule. Results: We derive the sum-rule expressions from the contour integration of the complex-energy FAM. We demonstrate that calculated sum-rule values agree with those obtained from the matrix formulation of the QRPA. We also discuss the applicability of both the Thouless theorem about the energy-weighted sum rule and the dielectric theorem for the inverse-energy-weighted sum rule to nuclear density functional theory in cases when the EDF is not based on a Hamiltonian. Conclusions: The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. The FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and the external field cannot be used.

  13. Sum rules for baryon decuplet magnetic moments

    E-print Network

    Soon-Tae Hong

    2007-12-03

    In chiral models with SU(3) group structure, baryon decuplet and octet magnetic moments are evaluated by constructing their sum rules to yield theoretical predictions. In these sum rules we exploit six experimentally known baryon magnetic moments. Sum rules for flavor components and strange form factors of the octet and decuplet magnetic moments and decuplet-to-octet transition magnetic moments are also investigated.

  14. Nuclear response for the Skyrme effective interaction with zero-range tensor terms. II. Sum rules and instabilities

    E-print Network

    A. Pastore; D. Davesne; Y. Lallouet; M. Martini; K. Bennaceur; J. Meyer

    2012-04-02

    The formalism of linear response theory for Skyrme forces including tensor terms presented in article [1] is generalized for the case of a Skyrme energy density functional in infinite matter. We also present analytical results for the odd-power sum rules, with particular attention to the inverse energy weighted sum rule, $M_{-1}$, as a tool to detect instabilities in Skyrme functionals.

  15. Weight Watcher!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Doug

    1990-01-01

    The author, using a weight machine in an airport lounge, varies the machine's input parameters of height and gender to generate data sets of ideal weight. These data are later used at in-service workshops and in both primary and secondary classrooms to explore patterns and make predictions. (JJK)

  16. A Hybrid Mean Value Involving Dedekind Sums and the General Exponential Sums

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jianghua; Wang, Tingting

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is using the analytic method, A. Weil's classical work for the upper bound estimate of the general exponential sums, and the properties of Gauss sums to study the hybrid mean value problem involving Dedekind sums and the general exponential sums and give a sharp asymptotic formula for it. PMID:25180213

  17. Rao-Blackwellization for Adaptive Gaussian Sum Nonlinear Model Propagation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Semper, Sean R.; Crassidis, John L.; George, Jemin; Mukherjee, Siddharth; Singla, Puneet

    2015-01-01

    When dealing with imperfect data and general models of dynamic systems, the best estimate is always sought in the presence of uncertainty or unknown parameters. In many cases, as the first attempt, the Extended Kalman filter (EKF) provides sufficient solutions to handling issues arising from nonlinear and non-Gaussian estimation problems. But these issues may lead unacceptable performance and even divergence. In order to accurately capture the nonlinearities of most real-world dynamic systems, advanced filtering methods have been created to reduce filter divergence while enhancing performance. Approaches, such as Gaussian sum filtering, grid based Bayesian methods and particle filters are well-known examples of advanced methods used to represent and recursively reproduce an approximation to the state probability density function (pdf). Some of these filtering methods were conceptually developed years before their widespread uses were realized. Advanced nonlinear filtering methods currently benefit from the computing advancements in computational speeds, memory, and parallel processing. Grid based methods, multiple-model approaches and Gaussian sum filtering are numerical solutions that take advantage of different state coordinates or multiple-model methods that reduced the amount of approximations used. Choosing an efficient grid is very difficult for multi-dimensional state spaces, and oftentimes expensive computations must be done at each point. For the original Gaussian sum filter, a weighted sum of Gaussian density functions approximates the pdf but suffers at the update step for the individual component weight selections. In order to improve upon the original Gaussian sum filter, Ref. [2] introduces a weight update approach at the filter propagation stage instead of the measurement update stage. This weight update is performed by minimizing the integral square difference between the true forecast pdf and its Gaussian sum approximation. By adaptively updating each component weight during the nonlinear propagation stage an approximation of the true pdf can be successfully reconstructed. Particle filtering (PF) methods have gained popularity recently for solving nonlinear estimation problems due to their straightforward approach and the processing capabilities mentioned above. The basic concept behind PF is to represent any pdf as a set of random samples. As the number of samples increases, they will theoretically converge to the exact, equivalent representation of the desired pdf. When the estimated qth moment is needed, the samples are used for its construction allowing further analysis of the pdf characteristics. However, filter performance deteriorates as the dimension of the state vector increases. To overcome this problem Ref. [5] applies a marginalization technique for PF methods, decreasing complexity of the system to one linear and another nonlinear state estimation problem. The marginalization theory was originally developed by Rao and Blackwell independently. According to Ref. [6] it improves any given estimator under every convex loss function. The improvement comes from calculating a conditional expected value, often involving integrating out a supportive statistic. In other words, Rao-Blackwellization allows for smaller but separate computations to be carried out while reaching the main objective of the estimator. In the case of improving an estimator's variance, any supporting statistic can be removed and its variance determined. Next, any other information that dependents on the supporting statistic is found along with its respective variance. A new approach is developed here by utilizing the strengths of the adaptive Gaussian sum propagation in Ref. [2] and a marginalization approach used for PF methods found in Ref. [7]. In the following sections a modified filtering approach is presented based on a special state-space model within nonlinear systems to reduce the dimensionality of the optimization problem in Ref. [2]. First, the adaptive Gaussian sum propagation is explained and then the new marginali

  18. Minimizing the Sum of Completion Times with Resource Dependant Times

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yedidsion, Liron; Shabtay, Dvir; Kaspi, Moshe

    2008-10-01

    We extend the classical minimization sum of completion times problem to the case where the processing times are controllable by allocating a nonrenewable resource. The quality of a solution is measured by two different criteria. The first criterion is the sum of completion times and the second is the total weighted resource consumption. We consider four different problem variations for treating the two criteria. We prove that this problem is NP-hard for three of the four variations even if all resource consumption weights are equal. However, somewhat surprisingly, the variation of minimizing the integrated objective function is solvable in polynomial time. Although the sum of completion times is arguably the most important scheduling criteria, the complexity of this problem, up to this paper, was an open question for three of the four variations. The results of this research have various implementations, including efficient battery usage on mobile devices such as mobile computer, phones and GPS devices in order to prolong their battery duration.

  19. Digital Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Edward A.; Urs, Shalini R.

    2002-01-01

    Provides an overview of digital libraries research, practice, and literature. Highlights include new technologies; redefining roles; historical background; trends; creating digital content, including conversion; metadata; organizing digital resources; services; access; information retrieval; searching; natural language processing; visualization;…

  20. Spin-orbit sum rule for electric multipole transitions in nonresonant inelastic x-ray scattering.

    PubMed

    van der Laan, G

    2012-02-17

    The sum rule for the branching ratio of dipole-excited core-valence transitions in isotropic x-ray absorption spectroscopy is extended to electric multipole transitions. The derived sum rule not only shows that the branching ratio is linearly related to the expectation value of the angular part of the spin-orbit operator in the valence states, but also shows a strong dependence on the rank of the multipole. The spin-orbit dependence vanishes in the weighted sum over the branching ratios. The effect can be an important diagnostic tool for high-energy spectroscopies. PMID:22401253

  1. Cumulative Weight Exposure Is Associated with Different Weight Loss Strategies and Weight Loss Success in Adults Age 50 or Above

    PubMed Central

    Sénéchal, Martin; Slaght, Jana; Bouchard, Danielle R.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate if cumulative weight exposure is associated with weight loss strategy choices and weight loss success. Methods. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used; a total of 4,562 people age 50 years or older who reported trying to lose weight in the last year were studied. Cumulative weight exposure (CWE) score was defined as the sum of body mass index points above 25?kg/m2 at the age of 25, 10 years ago, 1 year ago, and now. Weight loss strategies were self-reported and weight loss success was defined as reaching a 5% weight loss in the last year. Results. Chosen strategies for weight loss vary across tertiles of CWE. Participants in the highest CWE tertile were about 4 to 20 times more likely to lose at least 5% of body weight in the past year compared to those in the lowest CWE tertile (P < 0.05).??Discussion. Strategies used to lose weight and weight loss success using different weight loss strategies vary considerably across cumulative weight exposure. Thus, cumulative weight exposure might be a variable worth considering when intervening with this population. PMID:26161269

  2. Digital materials for digital fabrication

    E-print Network

    Popescu, George A

    2007-01-01

    This thesis introduces digital materials by analogy with digital computation and digital communications. Traditional fabrication techniques include pick-and-place, roll-to-roll, molding, patterning and more. Current research ...

  3. Recipe for reducing XIS data taken with the P-sum/timing mode M. Mizumoto (JAXA ISAS / The Univ. of Tokyo), K. Matsuta (JAXA ISAS),

    E-print Network

    Nishikawa, Ken-Ichi

    revision in §4 1 Introduction The Parallel-Sum (P-sum) mode is one of the clocking modes in the XIS. Events observation data as an example. Cyg X-1 is a black hole candidate (Remillard & McClintock 2006), which shows coordinates RAWX/Y is the original digitized values in the telemetry to identify the pixel of events in each

  4. The Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov Sum Rule

    E-print Network

    D. Drechsel

    1994-11-29

    The Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov (DHG) sum rule relates the helicity structure of the photoabsorption cross section to the anomalous magnetic moment of the nucleon. It is based on Lorentz and gauge invariance, crossing symmetry, causality and unitarity. A generalized DHG sum rule my be derived for virtual photons. At low momentum transfer this generalized sum rule is saturated by the resonance region, at high momentum transfer it may be expressed by the parton spin distributions measured in deep inelastic scattering. The longitudinal-transverse interference determines the Cottingham sum rule, which is related to the electric and magnetic form factors over the whole range of momentum transfer.

  5. Digital Preservation for Digital Repositories

    E-print Network

    Southampton, University of

    Med Spreadsheet CrossRef ACM Digital Library BibTeX OAI-ORE ORE Resource Map Google Maps Simile Timeline Bibtex. #12;#12;Import Export XML EndNote PubMed Spreadsheet CrossRef ACM Digital Library BibTeX OAI-ORE ORE" Digital Preservation for Digital Repositories David Tarrant University of Southampton (UK) dct05r

  6. QCD sum rules and chiral logarithms

    E-print Network

    Su Houng Lee; Seungho Choe; Thomas D. Cohen; David K. Griegel

    1994-11-29

    Standard QCD sum-rule analyses of the nucleon mass give results that are inconsistent with chiral perturbation theory due to an overly simple continuum ansatz on the phenomenological side of the sum rule. We show that a careful treatment of the continuum, including $\\pi$-$N$ states and other states with virtual pions, resolves the inconsistency associated with chiral logs.

  7. On the Telescoping Sum. Classroom Notes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Hongwei

    2004-01-01

    The telescoping sum constitutes a powerful technique for summing series. In this note, this technique is illustrated by a series of problems starting off with some simple ones in arithmetic, then some in trigonometry, famous families of numbers, Apery-like formulas, and finally ending with a class of problems that are solved by computer.

  8. Higher twist corrections to Bjorken sum rule

    E-print Network

    Mauro Anselmino; Francisco Caruso; Eugene Levin

    1995-05-15

    Some higher twist corrections to the Bjorken sum rule are estimated in the framework of a quark-diquark model of the nucleon. The parameters of the model have been previously fixed by fitting the measured higher twist corrections to the unpolarized structure function $F_2(x, Q^2)$. The resulting corrections to the Bjorken sum rule turn out to be negligible.

  9. A study in sums of products.

    PubMed

    Fouvry, Étienne; Kowalski, Emmanuel; Michel, Philippe

    2015-04-28

    We give a general version of cancellation in exponential sums that arise as sums of products of trace functions satisfying a suitable independence condition related to the Goursat-Kolchin-Ribet criterion, in a form that is easily applicable in analytic number theory. PMID:25802414

  10. Directly digital flow controller.

    PubMed

    McClenathan, Denise M; Alexander, Andrew; Poehlman, John; Hieftje, Gary M

    2005-02-01

    An improved directly digital flow controller is evaluated for its ability to modulate gas flow rates. As in the older device, the "GasDAC" (named for its similarity to a weighted-resistor digital-to-analog converter) is capable of controlling gas flow in a linear and reproducible manner with the advantage of having an adjustable range of flow rates. The new design incorporates venting to prevent "puffing" when the individual flow channels are opened. The temporal characteristics of the GasDAC are also examined; modulation frequencies of 10 Hz with various types of waveforms are possible with the new device. PMID:15679366

  11. Digital Disk Optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, Gerald G.

    1983-11-01

    The KAD Digital Information Systems Laboratory As developed diode laser record and play-back equipment for use with Kodak Laser Write/Read (LWR) optical disks which have been described in previous sessions. The Digital Disk Breadboard (DDB) in operation for several years and the Advanced Optical Disk Demonstration Unit (AODDU) completed this year both offer convincing demonstrations of the excellent performance achievable with small light-weight apparatus. All our diode laser equipment utilizes lenses and optical assemblies of our own design and fabrication.

  12. Exact sum rules for inhomogeneous strings

    SciTech Connect

    Amore, Paolo

    2013-11-15

    We derive explicit expressions for the sum rules of the eigenvalues of inhomogeneous strings with arbitrary density and with different boundary conditions. We show that the sum rule of order N may be obtained in terms of a diagrammatic expansion, with (N?1)!/2 independent diagrams. These sum rules are used to derive upper and lower bounds to the energy of the fundamental mode of an inhomogeneous string; we also show that it is possible to improve these approximations taking into account the asymptotic behavior of the spectrum and applying the Shanks transformation to the sequence of approximations obtained to the different orders. We discuss three applications of these results. -- Highlights: •We derive an explicit expression for the sum rules of an inhomogeneous string. •We obtain a diagrammatic representation for the sum rules of a given order. •We obtain precise bounds on the lowest eigenvalue of the string.

  13. Digital Collections, Digital Libraries & the Digitization of Cultural Heritage Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Clifford

    2002-01-01

    Discusses digital collections and digital libraries. Topics include broadband availability; digital rights protection; content, both non-profit and commercial; digitization of cultural content; sustainability; metadata harvesting protocol; infrastructure; authorship; linking multiple resources; data mining; digitization of reference works;…

  14. Digital orthophotos

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1993-01-01

    A digital orthophoto is a digital image of an aerial photograph with displacements caused by the camera angle and the terrain removed. It, thus, combines the image characteristics of a photograph with the geometric qualities of a map.

  15. Delivering both sum and difference beam distributions to a planar monopulse antenna array

    DOEpatents

    Strassner II, Bernd H.

    2015-12-22

    A planar monopulse radar apparatus includes a planar distribution matrix coupled to a planar antenna array having a linear configuration of antenna elements. The planar distribution matrix is responsive to first and second pluralities of weights applied thereto for providing both sum and difference beam distributions across the antenna array.

  16. Design of an automatic weight scale for an isolette

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterka, R. J.; Griffin, W.

    1974-01-01

    The design of an infant weight scale is reported that fits into an isolette without disturbing its controlled atmosphere. The scale platform uses strain gages to measure electronically deflections of cantilever beams positioned at its four corners. The weight of the infant is proportional to the sum of the output voltages produced by the gauges on each beam of the scale.

  17. Digital Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isman, Aytekin; Canan Gungoren, Ozlem

    2014-01-01

    Era in which we live is known and referred as digital age.In this age technology is rapidly changed and developed. In light of these technological advances in 21st century, schools have the responsibility of training "digital citizen" as well as a good citizen. Digital citizens must have extensive skills, knowledge, Internet and …

  18. Scuba Weights

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The Attitude Adjuster is a system for weight repositioning corresponding to a SCUBA diver's changing positions. Compact tubes on the diver's air tank permit controlled movement of lead balls within the Adjuster, automatically repositioning when the diver changes position. Manufactured by Think Tank Technologies, the system is light and small, reducing drag and energy requirements and contributing to lower air consumption. The Mid-Continent Technology Transfer Center helped the company with both technical and business information and arranged for the testing at Marshall Space Flight Center's Weightlessness Environmental Training Facility for astronauts.

  19. Digital Natives or Digital Tribes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Ian Robert

    2013-01-01

    This research builds upon the discourse surrounding digital natives. A literature review into the digital native phenomena was undertaken and found that researchers are beginning to identify the digital native as not one cohesive group but of individuals influenced by other factors. Primary research by means of questionnaire survey of technologies…

  20. Geophysical weight loss diet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schatten, Kenneth

    1984-04-01

    Having for numerous reasons acquired a three digit kilogram mass, the author is experienced at the painful struggles that the gourmand must suffer to reduce weight, particularly if he/she enjoys reasonably large amounts of good food. To the avant-garde geophysicist, utilizing the following approach could be pleasurable, rewarding, and may even enable the accomplishment of what Ghengis Khan, Alexander the Great, Napolean, and Hitler could not!The basic approach is the full utilization of Newton's formula for the attraction of two massive bodies: F=GM1M2/r2, where G, is the gravitational constant; r, the distance between the two bodies; and M1 and M2, the masses of the two bodies. Although one usually chooses M1 to be the earth's mass ME and M2 to be the mass of a small object, this unnecessarily restricts the realm of phenomena. The less restrictive assumption is M1 + M2 = ME.

  1. A Bayesian analysis of QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Gubler, Philipp; Oka, Makoto

    2011-05-23

    A new technique has recently been developed, in which the Maximum Entropy Method is used to analyze QCD sum rules. This approach has the virtue of being able to directly generate the spectral function of a given operator, without the need of making an assumption about its specific functional form. To investigate whether useful results can be extracted within this method, we have first studied the vector meson channel, where QCD sum rules are traditionally known to provide a valid description of the spectral function. Our results show a significant peak in the region of the experimentally observed {rho}-meson mass, which is in agreement with earlier QCD sum rules studies and suggests that the Maximum Entropy Method is a strong tool for analyzing QCD sum rules.

  2. The generalized GDH sum for He-3

    SciTech Connect

    Karl Slifer

    2004-06-02

    The Burkhardt-Cottingham, Bjorken and generalized GDH sum rules are all consequences of the Q^2-dependent dispersion relations for the virtual photon Compton amplitudes. These integrals are investigated for a He-3 target at low Q^2.

  3. Rounding sum-of-squares relaxations

    E-print Network

    Barak, Boaz

    We present a general approach to rounding semidefinite programming relaxations obtained by the Sum-of-Squares method (Lasserre hierarchy). Our approach is based on using the connection between these relaxations and the ...

  4. A method to compute periodic sums

    E-print Network

    Gumerov, Nail A

    2013-01-01

    In a number of problems in computational physics, a finite sum of kernel functions centered at $N$ particle locations located in a box in three dimensions must be extended by imposing periodic boundary conditions on box boundaries. Even though the finite sum can be efficiently computed via fast summation algorithms, such as the fast multipole method (FMM), the periodized extension is usually treated via a different algorithm, Ewald summation, accelerated via the fast Fourier transform (FFT). A different approach to compute this periodized sum just using a blackbox finite fast summation algorithm is presented in this paper. The method splits the periodized sum in to two parts. The first, comprising the contribution of all points outside a large sphere enclosing the box, and some of its neighbors, is approximated inside the box by a collection of kernel functions ("sources") placed on the surface of the sphere or using an expansion in terms of spectrally convergent local basis functions. The second part, compri...

  5. Rapid weight loss

    MedlinePLUS

    ... loss-rapid weight loss; Overweight-rapid weight loss; Obesity-rapid weight loss; Diet-rapid weight loss ... for people who have health problems because of obesity. For these people, losing a lot of weight ...

  6. Real time pipelined system for forming the sum of products in the processing of video data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilcox, Brian (inventor)

    1988-01-01

    A 3-by-3 convolver utilizes 9 binary arithmetic units connected in cascade for multiplying 12-bit binary pixel values P sub i which are positive or two's complement binary numbers by 5-bit magnitide (plus sign) weights W sub i which may be positive or negative. The weights are stored in registers including the sign bits. For a negative weight, the one's complement of the pixel value to be multiplied is formed at each unit by a bank of 17 exclusive or gates G sub i under control of the sign of the corresponding weight W sub i, and a correction is made by adding the sum of the absolute values of all the negative weights for each 3-by-3 kernel. Since this correction value remains constant as long as the weights are constant, it can be precomputed and stored in a register as a value to be added to the product PW of the first arithmetic unit.

  7. The wave digital piano hammer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bilbao, Stefan D.; Smith, Julius O., III; Bensa, Julien; Kronland-Martinet, Richard

    2002-11-01

    For sound synthesis purposes, the vibration of a piano string may be simply modeled using bidirectional delay lines or digital waveguides which transport traveling wavelike signals in both directions. Such a digital wave-type formulation, in addition to yielding a particularly computationally efficient simulation routine, also possesses other important advantages. In particular, it is possible to couple the delay lines to a nonlinear exciting mechanism (the hammer) without compromising stability; in fact, if the hammer and string are lossless, their digital counterparts will be exactly lossless as well. The key to this good property (which can be carried over to other nonlinear elements in musical systems) is that all operations are framed in terms of the passive scattering of discrete signals in the network, the sum of the squares of which serves as a discrete-time Lyapunov function for the system as a whole. Simulations are presented.

  8. Vertex-Colouring Edge-Weightings L. Addario-Berrya

    E-print Network

    Addario-Berry, Louigi

    Vertex-Colouring Edge-Weightings L. Addario-Berrya , K. Dalala , C. McDiarmidb , B. A. Reeda and A A weighting w of the edges of a graph G induces a colouring of the vertices of G where the colour of vertex v as the sum of the weights on the edges incident to that vertex. It is vertex-colouring if for every edge (u

  9. A sum-over-paths algorithm for third-order impulse-response moment extraction within RC IC-interconnect networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wojcik, E. A.; Ni, D.; Lam, T. M.; Le Coz, Y. L.

    2015-07-01

    We have created the first stochastic SoP (Sum-over-Paths) algorithm to extract third-order impulse-response (IR) moment within RC IC interconnects. It employs a newly discovered Feynman SoP Postulate. Importantly, our algorithm maintains computational efficiency and full parallelism. Our approach begins with generation of s-domain nodal-voltage equations. We then perform a Taylor-series expansion of the circuit transfer function. These expansions yield transition diagrams involving mathematical coupling constants, or weight factors, in integral powers of complex frequency s. Our SoP Postulate enables stochastic evaluation of path sums within the circuit transition diagram to order s3-corresponding to the order of IR moment (m3) we seek here. We furnish, for the first time, an informal algebraic proof independently validating our SoP Postulate and algorithm. We list, as well, detailed procedural steps, suitable for coding, that define an efficient stochastic algorithm for m3 IR extraction. Origins of the algorithm's statistical "capacitor-number cubed" correction and "double-counting" weight factors are explained, for completeness. Our algorithm was coded and successfully tested against exact analytical solutions for 3-, 5-, and 10-stage RC lines. We achieved better than 0.65% 1-? error convergence, after only 10K statistical samples, in less than 1 s of 2-GHz Pentium® execution time. These results continue to suggest that stochastic SoP algorithms may find useful application in circuit analysis of massively coupled networks, such as those encountered in high-end digital IC-interconnect CAD.

  10. Digital Imaging

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    Digital Imaging is the computer processed numerical representation of physical images. Enhancement of images results in easier interpretation. Quantitative digital image analysis by Perceptive Scientific Instruments, locates objects within an image and measures them to extract quantitative information. Applications are CAT scanners, radiography, microscopy in medicine as well as various industrial and manufacturing uses. The PSICOM 327 performs all digital image analysis functions. It is based on Jet Propulsion Laboratory technology, is accurate and cost efficient.

  11. Digital metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Della Giovampaola, Cristian; Engheta, Nader

    2014-12-01

    Balancing complexity and simplicity has played an important role in the development of many fields in science and engineering. One of the well-known and powerful examples of such balance can be found in Boolean algebra and its impact on the birth of digital electronics and the digital information age. The simplicity of using only two numbers, ‘0’ and ‘1’, in a binary system for describing an arbitrary quantity made the fields of digital electronics and digital signal processing powerful and ubiquitous. Here, inspired by the binary concept, we propose to develop the notion of digital metamaterials. Specifically, we investigate how one can synthesize an electromagnetic metamaterial with a desired permittivity, using as building blocks only two elemental materials, which we call ‘metamaterial bits’, with two distinct permittivity functions. We demonstrate, analytically and numerically, how proper spatial mixtures of such metamaterial bits lead to elemental ‘metamaterial bytes’ with effective material parameters that are different from the parameters of the metamaterial bits. We then apply this methodology to several design examples of optical elements, such as digital convex lenses, flat graded-index digital lenses, digital constructs for epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) supercoupling and digital hyperlenses, thus highlighting the power and simplicity of the methodology.

  12. Digital metamaterials.

    PubMed

    Della Giovampaola, Cristian; Engheta, Nader

    2014-12-01

    Balancing complexity and simplicity has played an important role in the development of many fields in science and engineering. One of the well-known and powerful examples of such balance can be found in Boolean algebra and its impact on the birth of digital electronics and the digital information age. The simplicity of using only two numbers, '0' and '1', in a binary system for describing an arbitrary quantity made the fields of digital electronics and digital signal processing powerful and ubiquitous. Here, inspired by the binary concept, we propose to develop the notion of digital metamaterials. Specifically, we investigate how one can synthesize an electromagnetic metamaterial with a desired permittivity, using as building blocks only two elemental materials, which we call 'metamaterial bits', with two distinct permittivity functions. We demonstrate, analytically and numerically, how proper spatial mixtures of such metamaterial bits lead to elemental 'metamaterial bytes' with effective material parameters that are different from the parameters of the metamaterial bits. We then apply this methodology to several design examples of optical elements, such as digital convex lenses, flat graded-index digital lenses, digital constructs for epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) supercoupling and digital hyperlenses, thus highlighting the power and simplicity of the methodology. PMID:25218061

  13. Randomly stopped sums: models and psychological applications

    PubMed Central

    Smithson, Michael; Shou, Yiyun

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes an approach to modeling the sums of a continuous random variable over a number of measurement occasions when the number of occasions also is a random variable. A typical example is summing the amounts of time spent attending to pieces of information in an information search task leading to a decision to obtain the total time taken to decide. Although there is a large literature on randomly stopped sums in financial statistics, it is largely absent from psychology. The paper begins with the standard modeling approaches used in financial statistics, and then extends them in two ways. First, the randomly stopped sums are modeled as “life distributions” such as the gamma or log-normal distribution. A simulation study investigates Type I error rate accuracy and power for gamma and log-normal versions of this model. Second, a Bayesian hierarchical approach is used for constructing an appropriate general linear model of the sums. Model diagnostics are discussed, and three illustrations are presented from real datasets. PMID:25426090

  14. Digital demodulator-correlator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Layland, J. W.; Martin, W. L.; Zygielbaum, A. I.; Goldstein, R. M.; Hubbard, W. P. (inventors)

    1978-01-01

    An apparatus for demodulation and correlation of a code modulated 10 MHz signal is presented. The apparatus is comprised of a sample and hold analog-to-digital converter synchronized by a frequency coherent 40 MHz pulse to obtain four evenly spaced samples of each of the signal. Each sample is added or subtracted to or from one of four accumulators to or from the separate sums. The correlation functions are then computed. As a further feature of the invention, multipliers are each multiplied by a squarewave chopper signal having a period that is long relative to the period of the received signal to foreclose contamination of the received signal by leakage from either of the other two terms of the multipliers.

  15. Digital redaction 

    E-print Network

    Coquelin, Valerie

    1997-01-01

    documents are increasing at a steady pace. Based on an extensive survey of this field and with the specific needs of archivists in mind, this thesis presents an architecture for a digital system for archiving digital reproductions. The issues of storage...

  16. Digital Discrimination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blansett, Jim

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, the Internet has become a digital commons of commerce and education. However, accessibility standards have often been overlooked online, and the digital equivalents to curb-cuts and other physical accommodations have only rarely been implemented to serve those with print disabilities. (A print disability can be a learning…

  17. Digital Roundup

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Michael B.

    2013-01-01

    State policy is crucial to the spread of digital-learning opportunities at the elementary and secondary level. A review of recent legislative action reveals policies that are constantly in flux and differ quite markedly from one state to another. Some have hoped for model digital-learning legislation that could handle all the various issues…

  18. Digital TMI

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rios, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    Presenting the current status of the Digital TMI project to visiting members of the FAA Command Center. Digital TMI is an effort to store national-level traffic management initiatives in a standards-compliant manner. Work is funded by the FAA.

  19. Digital LDQ.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boone, Randy; Higgins, Kyle; Edyburn, Dave

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses the creation of an archive that permits online access to digital copies of back issues of the "Learning Disability Quarterly." It describes how to access the archive, select and order an issue, and the benefits of providing information in digital formats. (Contains 3 references.) (CR)

  20. WEIGHTED Lp -BOUNDEDNESS OF FOURIER SERIES

    E-print Network

    Pérez, Mario

    Jacobi weight on the interval [-1, 1] and, for each function f, let Snf denote the n-th partial sum with respect to dµ. The study of the boundedness Snf Lp(updµ) C f Lp(vpdµ), (1) where u(x) = (1 - x)a (1 + x, . . . , N) (3) and A a, B b, Gi gi (4) hold, then C > 0 such that Snf Lp(updµ) C f Lp(vpdµ) f Lp (vp dµ

  1. Massive Feynman diagrams and inverse binomial sums

    E-print Network

    A. I. Davydychev; M. Yu. Kalmykov

    2004-10-12

    When calculating higher terms of the epsilon-expansion of massive Feynman diagrams, one needs to evaluate particular cases of multiple inverse binomial sums. These sums are related to the derivatives of certain hypergeometric functions with respect to their parameters. Exploring this connection and using it together with an approach based on generating functions, we analytically calculate a number of such infinite sums, for an arbitrary value of the argument which corresponds to an arbitrary value of the off-shell external momentum. In such a way, we find a number of new results for physically important Feynman diagrams. Considered examples include two-loop two- and three-point diagrams, as well as three-loop vacuum diagrams with two different masses. The results are presented in terms of generalized polylogarithmic functions. As a physical example, higher-order terms of the epsilon-expansion of the polarization function of the neutral gauge bosons are constructed.

  2. A 3-Bit Current Mode Quantizer for Continuous Time Delta Sigma Analog-to-Digital Converters 

    E-print Network

    Sundar, Arun

    2012-02-14

    The summing amplifier and the quantizer form two of the most critical blocks in a continuous time delta sigma (CT ??) analog-to-digital converter (ADC). Most of the conventional CT ?? ADC designs incorporate a voltage ...

  3. Nucleon QCD sum rules in instanton medium

    E-print Network

    M. G. Ryskin; E. G. Drukarev; V. A. Sadovnikova

    2015-09-17

    We try to find the grounds for the standard nucleon QCD sum rules, based on more detailed description of QCD vacuum. We calculate the polarization operator of the nucleon current in the instanton medium. The medium (QCD vacuum) is assumed to be a composition of the small-size instantons and some long-wave gluon fluctuations. We solve the corresponding QCD sum rules equations and demonstrate that there is a solution with the value of the nucleon mass close to the physical one if the fraction of the small size instantons contribution w_s \\approx 2/3.

  4. What are these Sum Rules Good For?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ji, Xiangdong

    2005-02-01

    Dispersive sum rules, of which the Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov sum rule is a special example, are a consequence of rather general principles. On the one hand, they can be used to make tests of these fundamental principles, allowing to probe deep mysteries of nature. On the other hand, they can be used to access experimental observables that are otherwise impossible to measure, and thus providing excellent opportunities to learn about the physics of strongly interacting systems, such as nucleons and nuclei. I will use examples to illustrate these points.

  5. QCD sum rules for the anticharmed pentaquark

    SciTech Connect

    Sarac, Yasemin; Kim, Hungchong; Lee, Su Houng

    2006-01-01

    We present a QCD sum rule analysis for the anticharmed pentaquark state with and without strangeness. While the sum rules for most of the currents are either nonconvergent or dominated by the DN continuum, the one for the nonstrange pentaquark current composed of two diquarks and an antiquark is convergent and has a structure consistent with a positive-parity pentaquark state after subtracting out the DN continuum contribution. Arguments are presented on the similarity between the result of the present analysis and that based on the constituent quark models, which predict a more stable pentaquark state when the antiquark is heavy.

  6. Weight Loss Surgery

    MedlinePLUS

    Weight loss surgery helps people with extreme obesity to lose weight. It may be an option if you cannot lose weight ... obesity. There are different types of weight loss surgery. They often limit the amount of food you ...

  7. Weighting dissimilarities to detect communities in networks.

    PubMed

    Alvarez, Alejandro J; Sanz-Rodríguez, Carlos E; Cabrera, Juan Luis

    2015-12-13

    Many complex systems can be described as networks exhibiting inner organization as communities of nodes. The identification of communities is a key factor to understand community-based functionality. We propose a family of measures based on the weighted sum of two dissimilarity quantifiers that facilitates efficient classification of communities by tuning the quantifiers' relative weight to the network's particularities. Additionally, two new dissimilarities are introduced and incorporated in our analysis. The effectiveness of our approach is tested by examining the Zachary's Karate Club Network and the Caenorhabditis elegans reactions network. The analysis reveals the method's classification power as confirmed by the efficient detection of intrapathway metabolic functions in C. elegans. PMID:26527808

  8. Weight-ing: the experience of waiting on weight loss.

    PubMed

    Glenn, Nicole M

    2013-03-01

    Perhaps we want to be perfect, strive for health, beauty, and the admiring gaze of others. Maybe we desire the body of our youth, the "healthy" body, the body that has just the right fit. Regardless of the motivation, we might find ourselves striving, wanting, and waiting on weight loss. What is it to wait on weight loss? I explore the meaning of this experience-as-lived using van Manen's guide to phenomenological reflection and writing. Weight has become an increasing focus of contemporary culture, demonstrated, for example, by a growing weight-loss industry and global obesity "epidemic." Weight has become synonymous with health status, and weight loss with "healthier." I examine the weight wait through experiences of the common and uncommon, considering relations to time, body, space, and the other with the aim of evoking a felt, embodied, emotive understanding of the meaning of waiting on weight loss. I also discuss the implications of the findings. PMID:23202478

  9. Weighted conditional least-squares estimation

    SciTech Connect

    Booth, J.G.

    1987-01-01

    A two-stage estimation procedure is proposed that generalizes the concept of conditional least squares. The method is instead based upon the minimization of a weighted sum of squares, where the weights are inverses of estimated conditional variance terms. Some general conditions are given under which the estimators are consistent and jointly asymptotically normal. More specific details are given for ergodic Markov processes with stationary transition probabilities. A comparison is made with the ordinary conditional least-squares estimators for two simple branching processes with immigration. The relationship between weighted conditional least squares and other, more well-known, estimators is also investigated. In particular, it is shown that in many cases estimated generalized least-squares estimators can be obtained using the weighted conditional least-squares approach. Applications to stochastic compartmental models, and linear models with nested error structures are considered.

  10. Digital Monitor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isailovic, Jordan

    1983-08-01

    Digital technology is having a profound influence on many aspects of human activity. It certainly has affected all areas of television broadcasting. A monitor is probably the least affected by digital technology. In the present experimental coder/decoder units for either RGB or standard (NTSC, PAL or SECAM) signals, the monitor receives an analog signal, even in an all digital studio. The same is true for computer graphics and game systems. But, it is logical to expect technological changes in broadcast and computer monitor applications.

  11. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory

    SciTech Connect

    Hinohara, Nobuo; Kortelainen, Markus; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik

    2015-04-27

    The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations governing the behavior of the many-body system, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or nuclear energy density functional (EDF). But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute energy-weighted sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy finite-amplitude method (FAM) based on the quasiparticle random- phase approximation. The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. As a result, the FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and external field cannot be used.

  12. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Hinohara, Nobuo; Kortelainen, Markus; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik

    2015-04-27

    The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations governing the behavior of the many-body system, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or nuclear energy density functional (EDF). But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish anmore »efficient framework to compute energy-weighted sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy finite-amplitude method (FAM) based on the quasiparticle random- phase approximation. The proposed sum-rule technique based on the complex-energy FAM is a tool of choice when optimizing effective interactions or energy functionals. The method is very efficient and well-adaptable to parallel computing. As a result, the FAM formulation is especially useful when standard theorems based on commutation relations involving the nuclear Hamiltonian and external field cannot be used.« less

  13. On the sum of generalized Fibonacci sequence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chong, Chin-Yoon; Ho, C. K.

    2014-06-01

    We consider the generalized Fibonacci sequence {Un defined by U0 = 0, U1 = 1, and Un+2 = pUn+1+qUn for all n?Z0+ and p, q?Z+. In this paper, we derived various sums of the generalized Fibonacci sequence from their recursive relations.

  14. Fibonacci Identities via the Determinant Sum Property

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spivey, Michael

    2006-01-01

    We use the sum property for determinants of matrices to give a three-stage proof of an identity involving Fibonacci numbers. Cassini's and d'Ocagne's Fibonacci identities are obtained at the ends of stages one and two, respectively. Catalan's Fibonacci identity is also a special case.

  15. Parallel algorithms for finding trigonometric sums

    SciTech Connect

    Stpiczynski, P.; Paprzycki, M.

    1995-12-01

    Parallel versions of Goertzel and Reinsch algorithms for finding trigonometric sums are introduced as a special case of effcient parallel algorithms for solving linear recurrence systems. The results of the experiments performed on a 20-processors Sequent Symmetry are presented and discussed.

  16. Weighted Integrate-And-Dump Filter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sadr, Ramin

    1989-01-01

    Digital weighted integrate-and-dump filter (WIDF) proposed for detection of weak rectangular-pulse signals corrupted by additive white Gaussian noise. Received signal first low-pass prefiltered, and samples taken at multiple of symbol frequency. Improved performance means lower sampling and processing rates used for given symbol rate, reducing cost of system.

  17. Digital diorama

    E-print Network

    Spikol, Daniel

    1992-01-01

    Digital Diorama may be briefly presented as: a historical exploration of the vision devices, performances, and installations of the nineteenth century, and their influences on the project. These histories of the magic ...

  18. Digital clubbing

    PubMed Central

    Sarkar, Malay; Mahesh, D. M.; Madabhavi, Irappa

    2012-01-01

    Digital clubbing is an ancient and important clinical signs in medicine. Although clubbed fingers are mostly asymptomatic, it often predicts the presence of some dreaded underlying diseases. Its exact pathogenesis is not known, but platelet-derived growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor are recently incriminated in its causation. The association of digital clubbing with various disease processes and its clinical implications are discussed in this review. PMID:23243350

  19. Digital Epidemiology

    PubMed Central

    Salathé, Marcel; Bengtsson, Linus; Bodnar, Todd J.; Brewer, Devon D.; Brownstein, John S.; Buckee, Caroline; Campbell, Ellsworth M.; Cattuto, Ciro; Khandelwal, Shashank; Mabry, Patricia L.; Vespignani, Alessandro

    2012-01-01

    Mobile, social, real-time: the ongoing revolution in the way people communicate has given rise to a new kind of epidemiology. Digital data sources, when harnessed appropriately, can provide local and timely information about disease and health dynamics in populations around the world. The rapid, unprecedented increase in the availability of relevant data from various digital sources creates considerable technical and computational challenges. PMID:22844241

  20. [Digital cephalometrics].

    PubMed

    Ongkosuwito, E M; Katsaros, C; Bodegom, J C; Kuijpers-Jagtman, A M

    2004-07-01

    There are different methods to produce digital head films and all have advantages and disadvantages. With a digital head film and a computer programme for digital cephalometry an analysis can be performed easily. All existing computer programmes for digital cephalometry use reference values to compare with the patient's values. However, the magnification factors of the two data sets, which are compared, must be known and correction to the same magnification must be possible within the programme. Furthermore, the reference values should be age, gender, and population related. Many commercially available programmes do not fulfil these criteria. A well-designed programme for digital cephalometry should have the possibility to calculate age and gender-related reference values based on values of the target population. Furthermore it should have the possibility to analyse several longitudinal head films at the same time and to present the data graphically. A national survey among Dutch orthodontists by the end of 2000 demonstrated that 35% of Dutch orthodontists used digital cephalometry in their office. The most commonly used analysis was the Steiner-Tweed analysis, which was performed by nearly 60% of the orthodontists. PMID:15315105

  1. Programmable Digital Controller

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wassick, Gregory J.

    2012-01-01

    An existing three-channel analog servo loop controller has been redesigned for piezoelectric-transducer-based (PZT-based) etalon control applications to a digital servo loop controller. This change offers several improvements over the previous analog controller, including software control over proportional-integral-derivative (PID) parameters, inclusion of other data of interest such as temperature and pressure in the control laws, improved ability to compensate for PZT hysteresis and mechanical mount fluctuations, ability to provide pre-programmed scanning and stepping routines, improved user interface, expanded data acquisition, and reduced size, weight, and power.

  2. Effect of clothing weight on body weight

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background: In clinical settings, it is common to measure weight of clothed patients and estimate a correction for the weight of clothing, but we can find no papers in the medical literature regarding the variability in clothing weight with weather, season, and gender. Methods: Fifty adults (35 wom...

  3. Informed Test Component Weighting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudner, Lawrence M.

    2001-01-01

    Identifies and evaluates alternative methods for weighting tests. Presents formulas for composite reliability and validity as a function of component weights and suggests a rational process that identifies and considers trade-offs in determining weights. Discusses drawbacks to implicit weighting and explicit weighting and the difficulty of…

  4. Nonperturbative black hole entropy and Kloosterman sums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dabholkar, Atish; Gomes, João; Murthy, Sameer

    2015-03-01

    Non-perturbative quantum corrections to supersymmetric black hole entropy often involve nontrivial number-theoretic phases called Kloosterman sums. We show how these sums can be obtained naturally from the functional integral of supergravity in asymptotically AdS 2 space for a class of black holes. They are essentially topological in origin and correspond to charge-dependent phases arising from the various gauge and gravitational Chern-Simons terms and boundary Wilson lines evaluated on Dehn-filled solid 2-torus. These corrections are essential to obtain an integer from supergravity in agreement with the quantum degeneracies, and reveal an intriguing connection between topology, number theory, and quantum gravity. We give an assessment of the current understanding of quantum entropy of black holes.

  5. Nonperturbative black hole entropy and Kloosterman sums

    E-print Network

    Atish Dabholkar; Joao Gomes; Sameer Murthy

    2015-04-14

    Non-perturbative quantum corrections to supersymmetric black hole entropy often involve nontrivial number-theoretic phases called Kloosterman sums. We show how these sums can be obtained naturally from the functional integral of supergravity in asymptotically AdS_2 space for a class of black holes. They are essentially topological in origin and correspond to charge-dependent phases arising from the various gauge and gravitational Chern-Simons terms and boundary Wilson lines evaluated on Dehn-filled solid 2-torus. These corrections are essential to obtain an integer from supergravity in agreement with the quantum degeneracies, and reveal an intriguing connection between topology, number theory, and quantum gravity. We give an assessment of the current understanding of quantum entropy of black holes.

  6. Limiting Curlicue Measures for Theta Sums

    E-print Network

    Cellarosi, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    We consider the ensemble of curves $\\{\\gamma_{\\alpha,N}:\\alpha\\in(0,1],N\\in\\N\\}$ obtained by linearly interpolating the values of the normalized theta sum $N^{-1/2}\\sum_{n=0}^{N'-1}\\exp(\\pi i n^2\\alpha)$, $0\\leq N'

  7. Coincidence summing corrections for a clover detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agarwal, Chhavi; Danu, L. S.; Gathibandhe, M.; Goswami, A.; Biswas, D. C.

    2014-11-01

    The true coincidence summing effect on the full energy peak efficiency calibration of a clover HPGe detector for point sources has been determined as a function of sample-to-detector distance using mono-energetic and multi-energetic gamma ray sources. The coincidence summing effect has been observed to increase at closer distances with the correction factors as high as 1.25 at closest distance studied. The correction factors for the total and the photopeak efficiencies have been obtained using the analytical method. The clover detector response has been simulated using MCNP code, taking care of the bevels and the flat surfaces of the clover detector. The geometry of the clover detector has been optimized to match the experimental and the theoretical efficiencies. The true coincidence summing correction factors (kTCS) have also been experimentally obtained by taking the ratio of corresponding mono-energetic extrapolated efficiencies to multi-energetic efficiencies. The kTCS obtained from analytical method has been found to match with the experimental kTCS with the simulated values within 1-5%.

  8. Weight Management and Calories

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Summer Fall Food Waste Food Safety Newsroom Weight Management You are here Home Weight Management Error message ... page.preprocess.inc ). Print Share Why is weight management important? In addition to helping you feel and ...

  9. A sum formula of multiple $L$-values

    E-print Network

    Yamamoto, Shuji

    2011-01-01

    We show a sum formula of certain multiple L-values conjectured by Essouabri-Matsumoto-Tsumura, which generalizes the sum formula of multiple zeta-values. The proof relies on the method of partial fraction decomposition.

  10. Weak convergence of random sums under nonrandom centering

    SciTech Connect

    Kruglov, V.M.

    1995-08-25

    Necessary and sufficient conditions are obtained for the weak convergence of nonrandomly centered and normalized random sums of independent identically distributed random variables. Limit distributions for these sums are described.

  11. VerSum: Verifiable Computations over Large Public Logs

    E-print Network

    van den Hooff, Jelle

    VerSum allows lightweight clients to outsource expensive computations over large and frequently changing data structures, such as the Bitcoin or Namecoin blockchains, or a Certificate Transparency log. VerSum clients ensure ...

  12. A method of Weil sum in multivariate quadratic cryptosystem 

    E-print Network

    Harayama, Tomohiro

    2007-09-17

    A new cryptanalytic application is proposed for a number theoretic tool Weil sum to the birthday attack against multivariate quadratic trapdoor function. This new customization of the birthday attack is developed by evaluating the explicit Weil sum...

  13. Lossless compression of weight vectors from an adaptive filter

    SciTech Connect

    Bredemann, M.V.; Elliott, G.R.; Stearns, S.D.

    1994-08-01

    Techniques for lossless waveform compression can be applied to the transmission of weight vectors from an orbiting satellite. The vectors, which are a part of a hybrid analog/digital adaptive filter, are a representation of the radio frequency background seen by the satellite. An approach is used which treats each adaptive weight as a time-varying waveform.

  14. Digital mammography.

    PubMed

    Pisano, Etta D; Yaffe, Martin J

    2005-02-01

    In digital mammography, the processes of image acquisition, display, and storage are separated, which allows optimization of each. Radiation transmitted through the breast is absorbed by an electronic detector, the response of which is faithful over a wide range of intensities. Once this information is recorded, it can be displayed by using computer image-processing techniques to allow arbitrary settings of image brightness and contrast, without the need for further exposure to the patient. In this article, the current state of the art in technology for digital mammography and data from clinical trials that support the use of the technology will be reviewed. In addition, several potentially useful applications that are being developed with digital mammography will be described. PMID:15670993

  15. Cumulative sum quality control for calibrated breast density measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Heine, John J.; Cao Ke; Beam, Craig

    2009-12-15

    Purpose: Breast density is a significant breast cancer risk factor. Although various methods are used to estimate breast density, there is no standard measurement for this important factor. The authors are developing a breast density standardization method for use in full field digital mammography (FFDM). The approach calibrates for interpatient acquisition technique differences. The calibration produces a normalized breast density pixel value scale. The method relies on first generating a baseline (BL) calibration dataset, which required extensive phantom imaging. Standardizing prospective mammograms with calibration data generated in the past could introduce unanticipated error in the standardized output if the calibration dataset is no longer valid. Methods: Sample points from the BL calibration dataset were imaged approximately biweekly over an extended timeframe. These serial samples were used to evaluate the BL dataset reproducibility and quantify the serial calibration accuracy. The cumulative sum (Cusum) quality control method was used to evaluate the serial sampling. Results: There is considerable drift in the serial sample points from the BL calibration dataset that is x-ray beam dependent. Systematic deviation from the BL dataset caused significant calibration errors. This system drift was not captured with routine system quality control measures. Cusum analysis indicated that the drift is a sign of system wear and eventual x-ray tube failure. Conclusions: The BL calibration dataset must be monitored and periodically updated, when necessary, to account for sustained system variations to maintain the calibration accuracy.

  16. A cluster version of the GGT sum rule

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hencken, Kai; Baur, Gerhard; Trautmann, Dirk

    2004-03-01

    We discuss the derivation of a "cluster sum rule" from the Gellmann-Goldberger-Thirring (GGT) sum rule as an alternative to the Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn (TRK) sum rule, which was used as the basis up to now. We compare differences in the assumptions and approximations. Some applications of the sum rule for halo nuclei, as well as, nuclei with a pronounced cluster structure are discussed.

  17. A cluster version of the GGT sum rule

    E-print Network

    Kai Hencken; Gerhard Baur; Dirk Trautmann

    2004-01-05

    We discuss the derivation of a ``cluster sum rule'' from the Gellmann-Goldberger-Thirring (GGT) sum rule as an alternative to the Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn (TRK) sum rule, which was used as the basis up to now. We compare differences in the assumptions and approximations. Some applications of the sum rule for halo nuclei, as well as, nuclei with a pronounced cluster structure are discussed.

  18. 7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 3 1 2.5 3 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...

  19. 7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 3 1 2.5 3 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...

  20. Digital Radiography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    System One, a digital radiography system, incorporates a reusable image medium (RIM) which retains an image. No film is needed; the RIM is read with a laser scanner, and the information is used to produce a digital image on an image processor. The image is stored on an optical disc. System allows the radiologist to "dial away" unwanted images to compare views on three screens. It is compatible with existing equipment and cost efficient. It was commercialized by a Stanford researcher from energy selective technology developed under a NASA grant.

  1. On Summing Operators on JB*-triples Antonio M. Peralta*

    E-print Network

    On Summing Operators on JB*-triples Antonio M. Peralta-mail: aperalta@goliat.ugr.es Abstract In this paper we introduce 2-JB*-triple-summing operators on real and complex JB*-triples. These operators generalize 2-C*-summing operators

  2. On Summing Operators on JB*-triples Antonio M. Peralta

    E-print Network

    On Summing Operators on JB*-triples Antonio M. Peralta Departamento de An´alisis Matem In this paper we introduce 2-JB*-triple-summing operators on real and complex JB*-triples. These operators in the setting of 2-JB*-triple-summing operators on JB*- triples. Mathematics Subject Classification: 17C65, 46L

  3. Body Weight Relationships in Early Marriage: Weight Relevance, Weight Comparisons, and Weight Talk

    PubMed Central

    Bove, Caron F.; Sobal, Jeffery

    2011-01-01

    This investigation uncovered processes underlying the dynamics of body weight and body image among individuals involved in nascent heterosexual marital relationships in Upstate New York. In-depth, semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted with 34 informants, 20 women and 14 men, just prior to marriage and again one year later were used to explore continuity and change in cognitive, affective, and behavioral factors relating to body weight and body image at the time of marriage, an important transition in the life course. Three major conceptual themes operated in the process of developing and enacting informants’ body weight relationships with their partner: weight relevance, weight comparisons, and weight talk. Weight relevance encompassed the changing significance of weight during early marriage and included attracting and capturing a mate, relaxing about weight, living healthily, and concentrating on weight. Weight comparisons between partners involved weight relativism, weight competition, weight envy, and weight role models. Weight talk employed pragmatic talk, active and passive reassurance, and complaining and critiquing criticism. Concepts emerging from this investigation may be useful in designing future studies of and approaches to managing body weight in adulthood. PMID:21864601

  4. Digital Mammography

    Cancer.gov

    Conventional mammography uses X-rays to look for tumors or suspicious areas in the breasts. Digital mammography also uses X-rays, but the data is collected on computer instead of on a piece of film. This means that the image can be computer-enhanced,

  5. Digital Tidbits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumaran, Maha; Geary, Joe

    2011-01-01

    Technology has transformed libraries. There are digital libraries, electronic collections, online databases and catalogs, ebooks, downloadable books, and much more. With free technology such as social websites, newspaper collections, downloadable online calendars, clocks and sticky notes, online scheduling, online document sharing, and online…

  6. Gradient Weight in Phonology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kevin Michael

    2011-01-01

    Research on syllable weight in generative phonology has focused almost exclusively on systems in which weight is treated as an ordinal hierarchy of clearly delineated categories (e.g. light and heavy). As I discuss, canonical weight-sensitive phenomena in phonology, including quantitative meter and quantity-sensitive stress, can also treat weight

  7. SUMS experiment flight results on STS-35

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blanchard, Robert C.; Ozoroski, Thomas A.; Nicholson, John Y.

    1993-01-01

    Calibrated pressure measurements for species with mass to charge ratios up to 50 amu/e(-) were obtained from the Shuttle Upper Atmosphere Mass Spectrometer (SUMS) experiment during reentry on the STS-35 mission. Data were collected from 180 km, when the signal rose above the background, to about 87 km, when the SUMS system automatically closed the gas inlet value. However, data above 115 km was contaminated from a source of gas emanating from pressure transducers connected in parallel to the mass spectrometer. At lower altitudes, the pressure transducer data is compared with the mass spectrometer total pressure with excellent agreement. The free-stream density in the rarefied flow flight regime is calculated using an orifice pressure coefficient model based upon direct simulation Monte Carlo results. This density, when compared with the 1976 U.S. standard atmosphere model, exhibits the wave-like nature seen on previous flights using accelerometry. In addition, selected spectra are presented at higher altitudes (320 km) showing the effects of the ingestion of gases from a forward fuselage fuel dump. An analysis of the spectra data from this event is presented to show that no significant permanent changes occurred which affected the data interpretation at lower altitudes. Further, the localized chemistry from the individual species during the onset of aerodynamic heating is examined to the extent possible for a closed source system, such as SUMS. Near the orifice entrance, a significant amount of CO2 was generated from chemical reactions with the carbon panels of the Orbiter and absorbed oxygen on the system tubing.

  8. Assessment of the magnetic field exposure due to the battery current of digital mobile phones.

    PubMed

    Jokela, Kari; Puranen, Lauri; Sihvonen, Ari-Pekka

    2004-01-01

    Hand-held digital mobile phones generate pulsed magnetic fields associated with the battery current. The peak value and the waveform of the battery current were measured for seven different models of digital mobile phones, and the results were applied to compute approximately the magnetic flux density and induced currents in the phone-user's head. A simple circular loop model was used for the magnetic field source and a homogeneous sphere consisting of average brain tissue equivalent material simulated the head. The broadband magnetic flux density and the maximal induced current density were compared with the guidelines of ICNIRP using two various approaches. In the first approach the relative exposure was determined separately at each frequency and the exposure ratios were summed to obtain the total exposure (multiple-frequency rule). In the second approach the waveform was weighted in the time domain with a simple low-pass RC filter and the peak value was divided by a peak limit, both derived from the guidelines (weighted peak approach). With the maximum transmitting power (2 W) the measured peak current varied from 1 to 2.7 A. The ICNIRP exposure ratio based on the current density varied from 0.04 to 0.14 for the weighted peak approach and from 0.08 to 0.27 for the multiple-frequency rule. The latter values are considerably greater than the corresponding exposure ratios 0.005 (min) to 0.013 (max) obtained by applying the evaluation based on frequency components presented by the new IEEE standard. Hence, the exposure does not seem to exceed the guidelines. The computed peak magnetic flux density exceeded substantially the derived peak reference level of ICNIRP, but it should be noted that in a near-field exposure the external field strengths are not valid indicators of exposure. Currently, no biological data exist to give a reason for concern about the health effects of magnetic field pulses from mobile phones. PMID:14695008

  9. Complex-energy approach to sum rules within nuclear density functional theory

    E-print Network

    Hinohara, Nobuo; Nazarewicz, Witold; Olsen, Erik

    2015-01-01

    The linear response of the nucleus to an external field contains unique information about the effective interaction, correlations, and properties of its excited states. To characterize the response, it is useful to use its energy-weighted moments, or sum rules. By comparing computed sum rules with experimental values, the information content of the response can be utilized in the optimization process of the nuclear Hamiltonian or EDF. But the additional information comes at a price: compared to the ground state, computation of excited states is more demanding. To establish an efficient framework to compute sum rules of the response that is adaptable to the optimization of the nuclear EDF and large-scale surveys of collective strength, we have developed a new technique within the complex-energy FAM based on the QRPA. To compute sum rules, we carry out contour integration of the response function in the complex-energy plane. We benchmark our results against the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory...

  10. Mining Weighted Association Rules without Preassigned Weights

    E-print Network

    Bai, Fengshan

    , and a large amount of experimental results are presented. Index Terms--Data mining, ranking association rulesMining Weighted Association Rules without Preassigned Weights Ke Sun and Fengshan Bai Abstract--Association rule mining is a key issue in data mining. However, the classical models ignore the difference between

  11. PREVENTING WEIGHT REGAIN AFTER WEIGHT LOSS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    For most dieters, a regaining of lost weight is an all too common experience. Indeed, virtually all interventions for weight loss show limited or even poor long-term effectiveness. This sobering reality was reflected in a comprehensive review of nonsurgical treatments of obesity conducted by the Ins...

  12. Nuclear Symmetry Energy from QCD sum rules

    E-print Network

    Kie Sang Jeong; Su Houng Lee

    2013-01-27

    We calculate the nucleon self-energies in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter using QCD sum rules. Taking the difference of these for the neutron and proton enables us to express the potential part of the nuclear symmetry energy in terms of local operators. We find that the scalar (vector) self-energy part gives a negative (positive) contribution to the nuclear symmetry energy which is consistent with the results from relativistic mean-field theories. Moreover, we find that an important contribution to the negative contribution of the scalar self-energy comes from the twist-4 matrix elements, whose leading density dependence can be extracted from deep inelastic scattering experiments. This suggests that the twist-4 contribution partly mimics the exchange of the $\\delta$ meson and that it constitutes an essential part in the origin of the nuclear symmetry energy from QCD. Our result also extends an early success of QCD sum rule method in understanding the symmetric nuclear matter in terms of QCD variables to the asymmetric nuclear matter case.

  13. Classification image weights and internal noise level estimation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ahumada, Albert J Jr

    2002-01-01

    For the linear discrimination of two stimuli in white Gaussian noise in the presence of internal noise, a method is described for estimating linear classification weights from the sum of noise images segregated by stimulus and response. The recommended method for combining the two response images for the same stimulus is to difference the average images. Weights are derived for combining images over stimuli and observers. Methods for estimating the level of internal noise are described with emphasis on the case of repeated presentations of the same noise sample. Simple tests for particular hypotheses about the weights are shown based on observer agreement with a noiseless version of the hypothesis.

  14. How does sequence structure affect the judgment of time? Exploring a weighted sum of segments model.

    E-print Network

    Matthews, William J.

    2013-02-07

    ; Treisman, Faulkner, Naish, & Brogan 1990; see Rammsayer & Ulrich, 2001, for a general case). For example, Scalar Expectancy Theory (SET; Gibbon, Church, & Meck, 1984) posits a pacemaker gated by a switch which controls the flow of pulses... affect the pacemaker rate (e.g., Matthews, Stewart, & Wearden, 2011; Meck, 1983; Penney, Gibbon, & Meck, 2000; Penton-Voak, Edwards, 5 Percival, & Wearden, 1996), switch latencies (e.g., Matthews, 2011; Wearden, Edwards, Fakhri, & Percival, 1998...

  15. On The Analysis of Spatially-Coupled GLDPC Codes and The Weighted Min-Sum Algorithm 

    E-print Network

    Jian, Yung-Yih

    2013-08-07

    This dissertation studies methods to achieve reliable communication over unreliable channels. Iterative decoding algorithms for low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes and generalized LDPC (GLDPC) codes are analyzed. A new ...

  16. Assessment of delay-and-sum algorithms for damage detection in aluminium and composite plates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharif-Khodaei, Z.; Aliabadi, M. H.

    2014-07-01

    Piezoelectric sensors are increasingly being used in active structural health monitoring, due to their durability, light weight and low power consumption. In the present work damage detection and characterization methodologies based on Lamb waves have been evaluated for aircraft panels. The applicability of various proposed delay-and-sum algorithms on isotropic and composite stiffened panels have been investigated, both numerically and experimentally. A numerical model for ultrasonic wave propagation in composite laminates is proposed and compared to signals recorded from experiments. A modified delay-and-sum algorithm is then proposed for detecting impact damage in composite plates with and without a stiffener which is shown to capture and localize damage with only four transducers.

  17. 20 CFR 234.58 - Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment. ...ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Tier II Separation Allowance Lump-Sum Payment § 234.58 Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment....

  18. 20 CFR 234.58 - Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment. ...ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Tier II Separation Allowance Lump-Sum Payment § 234.58 Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment....

  19. 20 CFR 234.58 - Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment. ...ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Tier II Separation Allowance Lump-Sum Payment § 234.58 Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment....

  20. 20 CFR 234.58 - Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment. ...ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Tier II Separation Allowance Lump-Sum Payment § 234.58 Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment....

  1. 20 CFR 234.58 - Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment. ...ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Tier II Separation Allowance Lump-Sum Payment § 234.58 Computation of the separation allowance lump-sum payment....

  2. Scattering and; Delay, Scale, and Sum Migration

    SciTech Connect

    Lehman, S K

    2011-07-06

    How do we see? What is the mechanism? Consider standing in an open field on a clear sunny day. In the field are a yellow dog and a blue ball. From a wave-based remote sensing point of view the sun is a source of radiation. It is a broadband electromagnetic source which, for the purposes of this introduction, only the visible spectrum is considered (approximately 390 to 750 nanometers or 400 to 769 TeraHertz). The source emits an incident field into the known background environment which, for this example, is free space. The incident field propagates until it strikes an object or target, either the yellow dog or the blue ball. The interaction of the incident field with an object results in a scattered field. The scattered field arises from a mis-match between the background refractive index, considered to be unity, and the scattering object refractive index ('yellow' for the case of the dog, and 'blue' for the ball). This is also known as an impedance mis-match. The scattering objects are referred to as secondary sources of radiation, that radiation being the scattered field which propagates until it is measured by the two receivers known as 'eyes'. The eyes focus the measured scattered field to form images which are processed by the 'wetware' of the brain for detection, identification, and localization. When time series representations of the measured scattered field are available, the image forming focusing process can be mathematically modeled by delayed, scaled, and summed migration. This concept of optical propagation, scattering, and focusing have one-to-one equivalents in the acoustic realm. This document is intended to present the basic concepts of scalar scattering and migration used in wide band wave-based remote sensing and imaging. The terms beamforming and (delayed, scaled, and summed) migration are used interchangeably but are to be distinguished from the narrow band (frequency domain) beamforming to determine the direction of arrival of a signal, and seismic migration in which wide band time series are shifted but not to form images per se. Section 3 presents a mostly graphically-based motivation and summary of delay, scale, and sum beamforming. The model for incident field propagation in free space is derived in Section 4 under specific assumptions. General object scattering is derived in Section 5 and simplified under the Born approximation in Section 6. The model of this section serves as the basis in the derivation of time-domain migration. The Foldy-Lax, full point scatterer scattering, method is derived in Section 7. With the previous forward models in hand, delay, scale, and sum beamforming is derived in Section 8. Finally, proof-of-principle experiments are present in Section 9.

  3. Weight Loss & Acute Porphyria

    MedlinePLUS

    ... porphyrias because reducing the intakes of carbohydrate and energy in an effort to lose weight can worsen ... attempted to lose weight rapidly with very low energy diets. Patients with acute Porphyria should avoid very ...

  4. Losing weight after pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... not affect your milk supply or your health. Breastfeeding makes your body burn calories. It helps you lose weight. If you are patient, you may be surprised at how much weight you lose naturally while breastfeeding.

  5. Pregnancy and Healthy Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Media Resources Interviews & Selected Staff Profiles Multimedia Pregnancy & Healthy Weight Skip sharing on social media links Share ... Page Content New research shows that maintaining a healthy weight before and during pregnancy can reduce the ...

  6. Weighted and controlled frames

    E-print Network

    Peter Balazs; Jean-Pierre Antoine; Anna Grybos

    2009-02-12

    Weighted and controlled frames have been introduced recently to improve the numerical efficiency of iterative algorithms for inverting the frame operator. In this paper we develop systematically these notions, including their mutual relationship. We will show that controlled frames are equivalent to standard frames and so this concept gives a generalized way to check the frame condition, while offering a numerical advantage in the sense of preconditioning. Next, we investigate weighted frames, in particular their relation to controlled frames. We consider the special case of semi-normalized weights, where the concepts of weighted frames and standard frames are interchangeable. We also make the connection with frame multipliers. Finally we analyze weighted frames numerically. First we investigate three possibilities for finding weights in order to tighten a given frame, i.e., decrease the frame bound ratio. Then we examine Gabor frames and how well the canonical dual of a weighted frame is approximated by the inversely weighted dual frame.

  7. Exponential Approximations Using Fourier Series Partial Sums

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Banerjee, Nana S.; Geer, James F.

    1997-01-01

    The problem of accurately reconstructing a piece-wise smooth, 2(pi)-periodic function f and its first few derivatives, given only a truncated Fourier series representation of f, is studied and solved. The reconstruction process is divided into two steps. In the first step, the first 2N + 1 Fourier coefficients of f are used to approximate the locations and magnitudes of the discontinuities in f and its first M derivatives. This is accomplished by first finding initial estimates of these quantities based on certain properties of Gibbs phenomenon, and then refining these estimates by fitting the asymptotic form of the Fourier coefficients to the given coefficients using a least-squares approach. It is conjectured that the locations of the singularities are approximated to within O(N(sup -M-2), and the associated jump of the k(sup th) derivative of f is approximated to within O(N(sup -M-l+k), as N approaches infinity, and the method is robust. These estimates are then used with a class of singular basis functions, which have certain 'built-in' singularities, to construct a new sequence of approximations to f. Each of these new approximations is the sum of a piecewise smooth function and a new Fourier series partial sum. When N is proportional to M, it is shown that these new approximations, and their derivatives, converge exponentially in the maximum norm to f, and its corresponding derivatives, except in the union of a finite number of small open intervals containing the points of singularity of f. The total measure of these intervals decreases exponentially to zero as M approaches infinity. The technique is illustrated with several examples.

  8. An energy optimal power supply for digital circuits

    E-print Network

    Ramadass, Yogesh Kumar

    2006-01-01

    The energy efficiency of digital circuits continues to be a major factor in determining the size and weight of battery-operated electronics. Integration of more functionality in a single system has made battery longevity ...

  9. Digital Libraries and Mobility

    E-print Network

    Marshall, Cathy

    Digital Libraries and Mobility Digital libraries offer the promise of anywhere, anytime access to dig- ital resources come to light. Digital library patrons can: COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM May 2001/Vol or organizing materials. People may use mobile digital library technolo- gies to cross physical and digital

  10. Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants 2001 Marc Prensky Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part II

    E-print Network

    Knaust, Helmut

    Marc Prensky Digital Natives Digital Immigrants ©2001 Marc Prensky _____________________________________________________________________________ Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part II: Do They Really Think Differently? By Marc Prensky From; over 10,000 hours talking on digital cell phones; over 20,000 hours watching TV (a high percentage fast

  11. Scanning for Digitization Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentzel, Larry

    2007-01-01

    Librarians and archivists find themselves facing the prospect of digitization. Everyone is doing it, everyone needs it. Discussions rage nationally and internationally concerning what to digitize and the best means to present and retain digital objects. Digitization is the act of making something digital, expressing a physical object "in numerical…

  12. Digital arthrodesis.

    PubMed

    Zelen, Charles M; Young, Nathan J

    2013-07-01

    For lesser toe deformities, fusion of the proximal interphalangeal joint offers good long-term correction and predictability. Digital arthrodesis has been described for longer than 100 years in the literature, and current techniques closely resemble those described in early accounts. However, many implants currently being used take advantage of the latest metallurgic and polymeric innovations, with implants being composed of nitinol, polylactic or polyglycolic acids, and polydioxanone. Newer implants offer easy insertion and good stability, with no percutaneous wires. Pin-tract infection rates from exposed Kirschner wires may be as high as 18%, and newer implants help to mitigate this problem. PMID:23827486

  13. An electrophysiological signature of summed similarity in visual working memory

    PubMed Central

    van Vugt, M. K.; Sekuler, R.; Wilson, H. R.; Kahana, M. J.

    2012-01-01

    Summed-similarity models of short-term item recognition posit that participants base their judgments of an item's prior occurrence on that item's summed similarity to the ensemble of items on the remembered list. We examined the neural predictions of these models in three short-term recognition memory experiments using electrocorticographic/depth electrode recordings and scalp electroencephalography. On each experimental trial participants judged whether a test face had been among a small set of recently studied faces. Consistent with summed-similarity theory, participants’ tendency to endorse a test item increased as a function of its summed similarity to the items on the just-studied list. To characterize this behavioral effect of summed similarity, we successfully fit a summed similarity model to individual subject data from each experiment. Using the parameters determined from fitting the summed-similarity model to the behavioral data we examined the relation between summed similarity and brain activity. We found that 4-9 Hz theta activity in the medial temporal lobe and 2-4 Hz delta activity recorded from frontal and parietal cortices increased with summed similarity. These findings demonstrate direct neural correlates of the similarity computations that form the foundation of several major cognitive theories of human recognition memory. PMID:22963189

  14. New Sum Rule for the Nuclear Magnetic Polarizability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorchtein, Mikhail

    2015-11-01

    The well-known Levinger-Bethe photonuclear sum rule relates the strength of the photoexcitation of the giant dipole resonance in a nucleus to the number of nucleons in that nucleus. I extend this sum rule to the case of virtual photons and relate the size of the magnetic polarizability of a nucleus to the Q2 slope of the transverse virtual photoabsorption cross section integrated over the energy in the nuclear range. I check this sum rule for the deuteron where necessary data is available, discuss possible applications and connection with other sum rules postulated in the literature.

  15. 7 CFR 1726.205 - Multiparty lump sum quotations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Procurement Procedures § 1726.205 Multiparty lump sum quotations. The borrower or its engineer must contact a sufficient number...

  16. 7 CFR 1726.205 - Multiparty lump sum quotations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Procurement Procedures § 1726.205 Multiparty lump sum quotations. The borrower or its engineer must contact a sufficient number...

  17. Digital radiography in space.

    PubMed

    Hart, Rob; Campbell, Mark R

    2002-06-01

    With the permanent habitation of the International Space Station, the planning of longer duration exploration missions, and the possibility of space tourism, it is likely that digital radiography will be needed in the future to support medical care in space. Ultrasound is currently the medical imaging modality of choice for spaceflight. Digital radiography in space is limited because of prohibitive launch costs (in the region of $20,000/kg) that severely restrict the volume, weight, and power requirements of medical care hardware. Technological increases in radiography, a predicted ten-fold decrease in future launch costs, and an increasing clinical need for definitive medical care in space will drive efforts to expand the ability to provide medical care in space including diagnostic imaging. Normal physiological responses to microgravity, in conjunction with the high-risk environment of spaceflight, increase the risk of injury and could imply an extended recovery period for common injuries. The advantages of gravity on Earth, such as the stabilization of patients undergoing radiography and the drainage of fluids, which provide radiographic contrast, are unavailable in space. This creates significant difficulties in patient immobilization and radiographic positioning. Gravity-dependent radiological signs, such as lipohemarthrosis in knee and shoulder trauma, air or fluid levels in pneumoperitoneum, pleural effusion, or bowel obstruction, and the apical pleural edge in pneumothorax become unavailable. Impaired healing processes such as delayed callus formation following fracture will have implications on imaging, and recovery time lines are unknown. The confined nature of spacecraft and the economic impossibility of launching lead-based personal protective equipment present significant challenges to crew radiation safety. A modified, free-floating radiographic C-arm device equipped with a digital detector and utilizing teleradiology support is proposed as a theoretical solution to help overcome many of these difficulties. PMID:12056679

  18. Weighted Hurwitz numbers and hypergeometric $?$-functions: an overview

    E-print Network

    J. Harnad

    2015-09-21

    This is an overview of recent results on the use of 2D Toda $\\tau$-functions as generating functions for multiparametric families of weighted Hurwitz numbers. The Bose-Fermi equivalence composed with the characteristic map provides an isomorphism between the zero charge sector of the Fermionic Fock space and the direct sum of the centers of the group algebra of the symmetric groups $S_n$. Specializing the fermionic formula to the case of diagonal group elements gives $\\tau$-functions of hypergeometric type, for which the expansion over products of Schur functions is diagonal, with coefficients of {\\em content product} type. The corresponding abelian group action on the centre of the $S_n$ group algebra is determined by forming symmetric functions multiplicatively from a weight generating function $G(z)$ and evaluating on the Jucys-Murphy elements of the group algebra. The resulting central elements act diagonally on the basis of orthogonal idempotents and the eigenvalues $r^{G(z)}_\\lambda$ are the {\\em content product} coefficients appearing in the double Schur function expansion. Both the geometrical meaning of weighted Hurwitz numbers, as weighted sums over $n$-sheeted branched coverings, and the combinatorial one, as weighted enumeration of paths in the Cayley graph of $S_n$ generated by transpositions follow from expansion of the Cauchy-Littlewood generating functions over dual pairs of bases of the algebra of symmetric functions. The coefficients in the resulting $\\tau$-function expansion over products of power sum symmetric functions are the weighted Hurwitz numbers. Replacement of the Cauchy-Littlewood generating function by that for Macdonald polynomials provides $(q,t)$-deformations that yield generating functions for quantum weighted Hurwitz numbers.

  19. Yogurt and weight management.

    PubMed

    Jacques, Paul F; Wang, Huifen

    2014-05-01

    A large body of observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) has examined the role of dairy products in weight loss and maintenance of healthy weight. Yogurt is a dairy product that is generally very similar to milk, but it also has some unique properties that may enhance its possible role in weight maintenance. This review summarizes the human RCT and prospective observational evidence on the relation of yogurt consumption to the management and maintenance of body weight and composition. The RCT evidence is limited to 2 small, short-term, energy-restricted trials. They both showed greater weight losses with yogurt interventions, but the difference between the yogurt intervention and the control diet was only significant in one of these trials. There are 5 prospective observational studies that have examined the association between yogurt and weight gain. The results of these studies are equivocal. Two of these studies reported that individuals with higher yogurt consumption gained less weight over time. One of these same studies also considered changes in waist circumference (WC) and showed that higher yogurt consumption was associated with smaller increases in WC. A third study was inconclusive because of low statistical power. A fourth study observed no association between changes in yogurt intake and weight gain, but the results suggested that those with the largest increases in yogurt intake during the study also had the highest increase in WC. The final study examined weight and WC change separately by sex and baseline weight status and showed benefits for both weight and WC changes for higher yogurt consumption in overweight men, but it also found that higher yogurt consumption in normal-weight women was associated with a greater increase in weight over follow-up. Potential underlying mechanisms for the action of yogurt on weight are briefly discussed. PMID:24695887

  20. Digital Planetaria: Building Bridges

    E-print Network

    Collar, Juan I.

    Digital Planetaria: Building Bridges Building Bridges Between Institutions, Universities for collaboration between NASA, digital planetarium experts, formal and informal science education facilities and educational digital planetarium presentations. Over the course of the two-day Focus Group and subsequent

  1. Multireflection sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Chi; Jasensky, Joshua; Chen, Zhan

    2015-08-18

    We developed a multireflection data collection method in order to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and sensitivity of sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy, which we refer to as multireflection SFG, or MRSFG for short. To achieve MRSFG, a collinear laser beam propagation geometry was adopted and trapezoidal Dove prisms were used as sample substrates. An in-depth discussion on the signal and SNR in MRSFG was performed. We showed experimentally, with "m" total internal reflections in a Dove prism, MRSFG signal is ?m times that of conventional SFG; SNR of the SFG signal-to-background is improved by a factor of >m(1/2) and

  2. Theoretical Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy of Peptides

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) has become a very promising technique for the study of proteins at interfaces, and it has been applied to important systems such as anti-microbial peptides, ion channel proteins, and human islet amyloid polypeptide. Moreover, so-called “chiral” SFG techniques, which rely on polarization combinations that generate strong signals primarily for chiral molecules, have proven to be particularly discriminatory of protein secondary structure. In this work, we present a theoretical strategy for calculating protein amide I SFG spectra by combining line-shape theory with molecular dynamics simulations. We then apply this method to three model peptides, demonstrating the existence of a significant chiral SFG signal for peptides with chiral centers, and providing a framework for interpreting the results on the basis of the dependence of the SFG signal on the peptide orientation. We also examine the importance of dynamical and coupling effects. Finally, we suggest a simple method for determining a chromophore’s orientation relative to the surface using ratios of experimental heterodyne-detected signals with different polarizations, and test this method using theoretical spectra. PMID:25203677

  3. Digital Avionics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koelbl, Terry G.; Ponchak, Denise; Lamarche, Teresa

    2002-01-01

    The field of digital avionics experienced another year of important advances in civil aviation, military systems, and space applications. As a result of the events of 9/11/2001, NASA has pursued activities to apply its aerospace technologies toward improved aviation security. Both NASA Glenn Research Center and Langley Research Center have performed flight research demonstrations using advanced datalink concepts to transmit live pictures from inside a jetliner, and to downlink the contents of the plane's 'black box' recorder in real time. The U.S. Navy and General Electric demonstrated survivable engine control (SEC) algorithms during engine ground tests at the Weapons Survivability Laboratory at China Lake. The scientists at Boeing Satellite Systems advanced the field of stellar inertial technology with the development of a new method for positioning optical star trackers on satellites.

  4. Digital structural

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dohm, J.M.; Anderson, R.C.; Tanaka, K.L.

    1998-01-01

    Magmatic and tectonic activity have both contributed significantly to the surface geology of Mars. Digital structural mapping techniques have now been used to classify and date centers of tectonic activity in the western equatorial region. For example, our results show a center of tectonic activity at Valles Marineris, which may be associated with uplift caused by intrusion. Such evidence may help explain, in part, the development of the large troughs and associated outflow channels and chaotic terrain. We also find a local centre of tectonic activity near the source region of Warrego Valles. Here, we suggest that the valley system may have resulted largely from intrusive-related hydrothermal activity. We hope that this work, together with the current Mars Global Surveyor mission, will lead to a better understanding of the geological processes that shaped the Martian surface.

  5. Finding Sums for an Infinite Class of Alternating Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Zhibo; Wei, Sheng; Xiao, Xuerong

    2012-01-01

    Calculus II students know that many alternating series are convergent by the Alternating Series Test. However, they know few alternating series (except geometric series and some trivial ones) for which they can find the sum. In this article, we present a method that enables the students to find sums for infinitely many alternating series in the…

  6. Zero-recoil sum rules for ?b ??c form factors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mannel, Thomas; van Dyk, Danny

    2015-12-01

    We set up a zero recoil sum rule to constrain the form factors of the ?b ??c transition. Our results are compared with the recent lattice calculation for these transitions. We find the same situation as in the case for B ?D*: The lattice results practically saturate the sum rules, leaving basically no room for excited states.

  7. College Sports: The Mystery of the Zero-Sum Game

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Getz, Malcolm; Siegfried, John J.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, when a university may earn well over $10 million per year from fees for sports-broadcast rights, half of the teams still lose. Collegiate athletic competition is a zero sum game: The number of winners equals the number of losers. So why do universities spend growing sums of scarce resources on an activity when the odds of winning…

  8. FLOW CONTROL USING THE THEORY OF ZERO SUM MARKOV GAMES

    E-print Network

    FLOW CONTROL USING THE THEORY OF ZERO SUM MARKOV GAMES Eitan ALTMAN \\Lambda INRIA Centre Sophia in applying game theory to control of queueing networks and control in telecommunications. Among of zero­sum Markov games, and a value iteration algorithm is used to solve it. We show that there exists

  9. Octet magnetic Moments and their sum rules in statistical model

    E-print Network

    M. Batra; A. Upadhyay

    2013-12-18

    The statistical model is implemented to find the magnetic moments of all octet baryons. The well-known sum rules like GMO and CG sum rules has been checked in order to check the consistency of our approach. The small discrepancy between the results suggests the importance of breaking in SU(3) symmetry.

  10. ON CERTAIN EXPONENTIAL SUMS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF

    E-print Network

    Shparlinski, Igor

    ON CERTAIN EXPONENTIAL SUMS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF DIFFIE--HELLMAN TRIPLES Ran Canetti, # John integers a, b, c with gcd(a, b, c, p) = 1. Incomplete sums are estimated as well. The question is motivated T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA. canetti@watson.ibm.com + Department

  11. Generating matrix and sums of Fibonacci and Pell sequences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ho, C. K.; Woon, H. S.; Chong, Chin-Yoon

    2014-07-01

    In this paper, we study the Fibonacci sequence and Pell sequence and developed generating matrices for them. First we proved two results on the even sum of the Fibonacci sequence and the Pell sequence, using the generating matrix approach. We then deduce the odd sums, some identities and recursive formulas for these two sequences.

  12. Gauss Optics and Gauss Sum on an Optical Phenomena

    E-print Network

    Shigeki Matsutani

    2008-07-12

    In the previous article (Found Phys. Lett. {\\bf{16}} 325-341), we showed that a reciprocity of the Gauss sums is connected with the wave and particle complementary. In this article, we revise the previous investigation by considering a relation between the Gauss optics and the Gauss sum based upon the recent studies of the Weil representation for a finite group.

  13. An Electrophysiological Signature of Summed Similarity in Visual Working Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Vugt, Marieke K.; Sekuler, Robert; Wilson, Hugh R.; Kahana, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    Summed-similarity models of short-term item recognition posit that participants base their judgments of an item's prior occurrence on that item's summed similarity to the ensemble of items on the remembered list. We examined the neural predictions of these models in 3 short-term recognition memory experiments using electrocorticographic/depth…

  14. Second sum rule for the hot plasma permittivity

    SciTech Connect

    Bobrov, V. B.; Mendeleyev, V. Ya.; Skovorod'ko, S. N.; Trigger, S. A.

    2011-02-15

    Based on linear response theory, Kramers-Kronig relations, and diagram techniques of perturbation theory, it is shown that the second sum rule is satisfied for hot plasma permittivity. An explicit analytical expression for the second sum rule in the limit of weak nonideality is derived.

  15. Asymptotic Tail Probabilities of Sums of Dependent Subexponential Random Variables

    E-print Network

    Tang, Qihe

    Asymptotic Tail Probabilities of Sums of Dependent Subexponential Random Variables Jaap Geluk1 In this paper we study the asymptotic behavior of the tail probabilities of sums of dependent and real variation. We propose two general de- pendence assumptions under which the asymptotic behavior of the tail

  16. Sums of Dependent Nonnegative Random Variables with Subexponential Tails

    E-print Network

    Tang, Qihe

    Sums of Dependent Nonnegative Random Variables with Subexponential Tails Bangwon Ko, Qihe Tang, U.S.A. December 6, 2007 Abstract In this paper we study the asymptotic tail probabilities of sums with tail independence. The results show that the subexponentiality of the summands eliminates the impact

  17. Maximum permissible load weight of a Taishuh pony at a trot.

    PubMed

    Matsuura, A; Sakuma, S; Irimajiri, M; Hodate, K

    2013-08-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the loading capacity of a trotting Taishuh pony by gait analysis using a motion analysis system. Seven Taishuh Ponies (5 mares and 2 geldings) and their rider were fitted with a marker (70 mm in diameter placed on their chest) and recorded by 2 high-resolution digital DVD cameras (at a sampling frequency of 60 Hz) as they were trotting along a straight course. Each horse performed 7 tests: 1 test with a loaded weight of 70 kg, 5 tests with random loaded weights between 80 kg and 120 kg, and a final test with a loaded weight of 70 kg again. Three-dimensional movements of each marker were analyzed using motion capture system. The time series of the vertical displacements of the marker was subjected to spectrum analysis by the maximum entropy method, and the autocorrelation coefficient was calculated. The first 2 peaks of the autocorrelation were defined as symmetry and regularity of the gait, and the sum of symmetry and regularity was defined as stability. The cross-spectrum analysis (Blackman-Tukey method) also was performed to analyze the time lag and cross-correlation coefficient between the time series of both pony and rider. Among ponies, symmetry in the 120 kg test (0.54) was significantly lower than that in the first 70 kg test (0.75, P < 0.05) and stabilities in the 100 kg (1.17) and 120 kg (1.17) tests were significantly less than that in the first 70 kg (1.46, P < 0.05). Regarding the rider, there were no significant differences in symmetry, regularity, and stability between loaded weights. The time lag between the time series of horse and rider in the 120 kg test (47.6 ms) was significantly greater than that in the first 70 kg (14.3 ms, P < 0.05) test. These results suggests that the maximum permissible load weight of the Taishuh pony trotting at 3.0 m/s over a short distance was less than 100 kg, which is 43% of the BW. PMID:23736046

  18. A resolution of the inclusive flavor-breaking sum rule $?$ $V_{us}$ puzzle

    E-print Network

    K. Maltman; R. J. Hudspith; R. Lewis; C. E. Wolfe; J. Zanotti

    2015-10-23

    A combination of continuum and lattice methods is used to investigate systematic issues in the finite-energy-sum-rule determination of $V_{us}$ based on flavor-breaking combinations of hadronic $\\tau$ decay data. Results for $V_{us}$ obtained using assumptions for $D>4$ OPE contributions employed in previous conventional implementations of this approach are shown to display significant unphysical dependences on the choice of sum rule weight, $w$, and upper limit, $s_0$, of the relevant experimental spectral integrals. Continuum and lattice results suggest the necessity of a new implementation of the flavor-breaking sum rule approach, in which not only $\\vert V_{us}\\vert$, but also $D>4$ effective condensates are fit to data. Lattice results also provide a means of quantifying the truncation error for the slowly converging $D=2$ OPE series. The new implementation is shown to produce $\\vert V_{us}\\vert$ results free of unphysical $s_0$- and $w$-dependences and typically $\\sim 0.0020$ higher than the (unstable) results found using the conventional implementation. With preliminary new experimental results for the $K\\pi$ branching fraction, the resulting $\\vert V_{us}\\vert$ is in excellent agreement with that obtained from $K_{\\ell 3}$, and compatible within errors with expectations from three-family unitarity.

  19. Can We Teach Digital Natives Digital Literacy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, Wan

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, there has been much debate about the concept of digital natives, in particular the differences between the digital natives' knowledge and adoption of digital technologies in informal versus formal educational contexts. This paper investigates the knowledge about educational technologies of a group of undergraduate students…

  20. In Proceedings of the 1988 IEEE Systems Man and Cybernetics Conference, pp. 681684, 1988. Digital Neural Networks

    E-print Network

    Martinez, Tony R.

    and a weighting factor. Figure 1 shows a generic representation of this atomic mecha­ nism. w n w 1 w j . . . x n are multiplied by weights and summed, the total then optionally being transformed by an arbitrary function at the node. Learning in these systems is accomplished by adjusting the weights on the input lines. This paper

  1. Y(2175) state in the QCD sum rule

    SciTech Connect

    Chen Huaxing; Liu Xiang; Zhu Shilin; Hosaka, Atsushi

    2008-08-01

    We study the mass of the state Y(2175) of J{sup PC}=1{sup --} in the QCD sum rule. We construct both the diquark-antidiquark currents (ss)(ss) and the meson-meson currents (ss)(ss). We find that there are two independent currents for both cases and derive the relations between them. The operator product expansion convergence of these two currents is sufficiently fast, which enables us to perform good sum rule analysis. Both the SVZ (Shifman-Vainshtein-Zakharov) sum rule and the finite energy sum rule lead to a mass around 2.3{+-}0.4 GeV, which is consistent with the observed mass within the uncertainties of the present QCD sum rule. The coupling of the four-quark currents to lower lying states such as {phi}(1020) turns out to be rather small. We also discuss possible decay properties of Y(2175) if it is a tetraquark state.

  2. An Efficient Algorithm for Maximizing Range Sum Queries in a Road Network

    PubMed Central

    Jung, HaRim; Kim, Ung-Mo

    2014-01-01

    Given a set of positive-weighted points and a query rectangle r (specified by a client) of given extents, the goal of a maximizing range sum (MaxRS) query is to find the optimal location of r such that the total weights of all the points covered by r are maximized. All existing methods for processing MaxRS queries assume the Euclidean distance metric. In many location-based applications, however, the motion of a client may be constrained by an underlying (spatial) road network; that is, the client cannot move freely in space. This paper addresses the problem of processing MaxRS queries in a road network. We propose the external-memory algorithm that is suited for a large road network database. In addition, in contrast to the existing methods, which retrieve only one optimal location, our proposed algorithm retrieves all the possible optimal locations. Through simulations, we evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm. PMID:25152915

  3. Effect of simulated early weight bearing on micromotion and pullout strength of uncemented distal femoral stems.

    PubMed

    Barr, Jennifer S; White, Jedediah K; Punt, Stephanie E W; Conrad, Ernest U; Ching, Randal P

    2015-05-01

    The effect of simulated early weight bearing on both micromotion and pullout strength of uncemented distal femoral stems was evaluated in this study. The effect of stem endosteal contact and bone quality on implant pullout strength was also analyzed. A randomized matched-pair study was performed using 8 bilateral pairs of fresh human cadaveric femoral specimens. Each specimen pair was dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scanned, uniformly implanted, fluoroscopically imaged, and randomly assigned to the cycled or uncycled group. The cycled group received 5000 cycles of axial compressive loading (to 700 N) and the contralateral side was not cycled. Micromotion was monitored during cycling and compared with a failure threshold (150 µm), and all implants underwent direct axial distraction (pullout) testing. During cycling, minimal micromotion was observed with an asymptotic decrease in differential motion between the first and last 50 cycles. Both cycled and uncycled groups demonstrated no statistical difference in average pullout force (4888±2124 N vs 4367±1154 N; P=.43). The percentage of cortical contact for each implant was determined from panoramic fluoroscopy images using digital image analysis software. Contact area for the distal third of the stem showed the highest correlation with pullout force and with predicting pullout force. Bone quality did not correlate with pullout force (r(2)=0.367) or stem contact area (r(2)=0.394). In sum, press-fit uncemented femoral stems did not loosen or demonstrate decreased pullout strength with early weight bearing simulated by cyclical axial compressive loading. PMID:25970370

  4. Weight control in the management of hypertension. World Hypertension League.

    PubMed Central

    1989-01-01

    This article, which includes a brief description of the mechanisms and some epidemiological findings in obesity and high blood pressure, sums up present knowledge on a complex subject and provides guidance to medical practitioners on the management of obese hypertensive patients. Weight reduction, together with drug therapy in severe and moderate hypertension, and other non-pharmacological methods and continuing observation in mild hypertension are the essential measures to be applied. In addition to the lowering of blood pressure, weight loss offers several other metabolic and haemodynamic benefits. PMID:2670295

  5. H. Sapiens Digital: From Digital Immigrants and Digital Natives to Digital Wisdom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prensky, Marc

    2009-01-01

    As we move further into the 21st century, the digital native/digital immigrant paradigm created by Marc Prensky in 2001 is becoming less relevant. In this article, Prensky suggests that we should focus instead on the development of what he calls "digital wisdom." Arguing that digital technology can make us not just smarter but truly wiser, Prensky…

  6. Digital Made Simple.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clement, Frank

    1982-01-01

    Presents the minimum information necessary for the newcomer to digital technology to bluff his way through a conversation. Terminology explained with a minimum of technical detail includes digits, analogs, digital numbers, the effect of noise, sampling, telecommunications, and digitalized information. (MER)

  7. Labor Supply and Weight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakdawalla, Darius; Philipson, Tomas

    2007-01-01

    We use panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to investigate on-the-job exercise and weight. For male workers, job-related exercise has causal effects on weight, but for female workers, the effects seem primarily selective. A man who spends 18 years in the most physical fitness-demanding occupation is about 25 pounds (14…

  8. The Meaning of Weight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iona, Mario

    1975-01-01

    Presents a summary and comparison of various views on the concepts of mass and weight. Includes a consideration of gravitational force in an inertial system and apparent gravitational force on a rotating earth. Discusses the units and methods for measuring mass and weight. (GS)

  9. Marijuana and body weight.

    PubMed

    Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

    2014-07-01

    Acute marijuana use is classically associated with snacking behavior (colloquially referred to as "the munchies"). In support of these acute appetite-enhancing effects, several authorities report that marijuana may increase body mass index in patients suffering from human immunodeficiency virus and cancer. However, for these medical conditions, while appetite may be stimulated, some studies indicate that weight gain is not always clinically meaningful. In addition, in a study of cancer patients in which weight gain did occur, it was less than the comparator drug (megestrol). However, data generally suggest that acute marijuana use stimulates appetite, and that marijuana use may stimulate appetite in low-weight individuals. As for large epidemiological studies in the general population, findings consistently indicate that users of marijuana tend to have lower body mass indices than nonusers. While paradoxical and somewhat perplexing, these findings may be explained by various study confounds, such as potential differences between acute versus chronic marijuana use; the tendency for marijuana use to be associated with other types of drug use; and/or the possible competition between food and drugs for the same reward sites in the brain. Likewise, perhaps the effects of marijuana are a function of initial weight status-i.e., maybe marijuana is a metabolic regulatory substance that increases body weight in low-weight individuals but not in normal-weight or overweight individuals. Only further research will clarify the complex relationships between marijuana and body weight. PMID:25337447

  10. Digital photorefraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costa, Manuel F. M.; Jorge, Jorge M.

    1998-01-01

    The early evaluation of the visual status of human infants is of a critical importance. It is of utmost importance to the development of the child's visual system that she perceives clear, focused, retinal images. Furthermore if the refractive problems are not corrected in due time amblyopia may occur. Photorefraction is a non-invasive clinical tool rather convenient for application to this kind of population. A qualitative or semi-quantitative information about refractive errors, accommodation, strabismus, amblyogenic factors and some pathologies (cataracts) can the easily obtained. The photorefraction experimental setup we established using new technological breakthroughs on the fields of imaging devices, image processing and fiber optics, allows the implementation of both the isotropic and eccentric photorefraction approaches. Essentially both methods consist on delivering a light beam into the eyes. It is refracted by the ocular media, strikes the retina, focusing or not, reflects off and is collected by a camera. The system is formed by one CCD color camera and a light source. A beam splitter in front of the camera's objective allows coaxial illumination and observation. An optomechanical system also allows eccentric illumination. The light source is a flash type one and is synchronized with the camera's image acquisition. The camera's image is digitized displayed in real time. Image processing routines are applied for image's enhancement and feature extraction.

  11. Digital photorefraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costa, Manuel F.; Jorge, Jorge M.

    1997-12-01

    The early evaluation of the visual status of human infants is of a critical importance. It is of utmost importance to the development of the child's visual system that she perceives clear, focused, retinal images. Furthermore if the refractive problems are not corrected in due time amblyopia may occur. Photorefraction is a non-invasive clinical tool rather convenient for application to this kind of population. A qualitative or semi-quantitative information about refractive errors, accommodation, strabismus, amblyogenic factors and some pathologies (cataracts) can the easily obtained. The photorefraction experimental setup we established using new technological breakthroughs on the fields of imaging devices, image processing and fiber optics, allows the implementation of both the isotropic and eccentric photorefraction approaches. Essentially both methods consist on delivering a light beam into the eyes. It is refracted by the ocular media, strikes the retina, focusing or not, reflects off and is collected by a camera. The system is formed by one CCD color camera and a light source. A beam splitter in front of the camera's objective allows coaxial illumination and observation. An optomechanical system also allows eccentric illumination. The light source is a flash type one and is synchronized with the camera's image acquisition. The camera's image is digitized displayed in real time. Image processing routines are applied for image's enhancement and feature extraction.

  12. Zero-Sum Bias: Perceived Competition Despite Unlimited Resources

    PubMed Central

    Meegan, Daniel V.

    2010-01-01

    Zero-sum bias describes intuitively judging a situation to be zero-sum (i.e., resources gained by one party are matched by corresponding losses to another party) when it is actually non-zero-sum. The experimental participants were students at a university where students’ grades are determined by how the quality of their work compares to a predetermined standard of quality rather than to the quality of the work produced by other students. This creates a non-zero-sum situation in which high grades are an unlimited resource. In three experiments, participants were shown the grade distribution after a majority of the students in a course had completed an assigned presentation, and asked to predict the grade of the next presenter. When many high grades had already been given, there was a corresponding increase in low grade predictions. This suggests a zero-sum bias, in which people perceive a competition for a limited resource despite unlimited resource availability. Interestingly, when many low grades had already been given, there was not a corresponding increase in high grade predictions. This suggests that a zero-sum heuristic is only applied in response to the allocation of desirable resources. A plausible explanation for the findings is that a zero-sum heuristic evolved as a cognitive adaptation to enable successful intra-group competition for limited resources. Implications for understanding inter-group interaction are also discussed. PMID:21833251

  13. Weight discrimination and bullying.

    PubMed

    Puhl, Rebecca M; King, Kelly M

    2013-04-01

    Despite significant attention to the medical impacts of obesity, often ignored are the negative outcomes that obese children and adults experience as a result of stigma, bias, and discrimination. Obese individuals are frequently stigmatized because of their weight in many domains of daily life. Research spanning several decades has documented consistent weight bias and stigmatization in employment, health care, schools, the media, and interpersonal relationships. For overweight and obese youth, weight stigmatization translates into pervasive victimization, teasing, and bullying. Multiple adverse outcomes are associated with exposure to weight stigmatization, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, body dissatisfaction, suicidal ideation, poor academic performance, lower physical activity, maladaptive eating behaviors, and avoidance of health care. This review summarizes the nature and extent of weight stigmatization against overweight and obese individuals, as well as the resulting consequences that these experiences create for social, psychological, and physical health for children and adults who are targeted. PMID:23731874

  14. Abstract -In this paper, we examine the performance of a weighted voting classification strategy for human face

    E-print Network

    Hassoun, Mohamad H.

    strangers. In this paper, we examine the performance of a weighted voting classification strategy for human1 Abstract - In this paper, we examine the performance of a weighted voting classification strategy for human face recognition. Here, local template matching is used, but instead of summing the local distance

  15. Digital Sensor Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst; Ken Thomas

    2013-07-01

    The nuclear industry has been slow to incorporate digital sensor technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns with digital qualification issues. However, the benefits of digital sensor technology for nuclear plant instrumentation are substantial in terms of accuracy, reliability, availability, and maintainability. This report demonstrates these benefits in direct comparisons of digital and analog sensor applications. It also addresses the qualification issues that must be addressed in the application of digital sensor technology.

  16. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... .0212 93.1 .0213 93.0 .0213 92.9 .0213 92.8 .0213 92.7 .0213 92.6 .0214 92.5 .0214 92.4 .0214 92.3 .0214... 44.6 .0439 44.5 .0440 44.4 .0440 44.3 .0441 44.2 .0442 44.1 .0443 44.0 .0444 43.9 .0445 43.8 .0446 43.7 .0447 43.6 .0448 43.5 .0449 43.4 .0450 43.3 .0451 43.2......

  17. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... .0212 93.1 .0213 93.0 .0213 92.9 .0213 92.8 .0213 92.7 .0213 92.6 .0214 92.5 .0214 92.4 .0214 92.3 .0214... 44.6 .0439 44.5 .0440 44.4 .0440 44.3 .0441 44.2 .0442 44.1 .0443 44.0 .0444 43.9 .0445 43.8 .0446 43.7 .0447 43.6 .0448 43.5 .0449 43.4 .0450 43.3 .0451 43.2......

  18. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... .0212 93.1 .0213 93.0 .0213 92.9 .0213 92.8 .0213 92.7 .0213 92.6 .0214 92.5 .0214 92.4 .0214 92.3 .0214... 44.6 .0439 44.5 .0440 44.4 .0440 44.3 .0441 44.2 .0442 44.1 .0443 44.0 .0444 43.9 .0445 43.8 .0446 43.7 .0447 43.6 .0448 43.5 .0449 43.4 .0450 43.3 .0451 43.2......

  19. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... .0212 93.1 .0213 93.0 .0213 92.9 .0213 92.8 .0213 92.7 .0213 92.6 .0214 92.5 .0214 92.4 .0214 92.3 .0214... 44.6 .0439 44.5 .0440 44.4 .0440 44.3 .0441 44.2 .0442 44.1 .0443 44.0 .0444 43.9 .0445 43.8 .0446 43.7 .0447 43.6 .0448 43.5 .0449 43.4 .0450 43.3 .0451 43.2......

  20. Parametric representation of anatomical structures of the human body by means of trigonometric interpolating sums

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, J.C.; Biscay, R.; Aubert, E.

    1996-07-01

    An approach for the parametric representation of anatomical structures of the human body by means of trigonometric interpolating sums (TIS) is introduced. This representation is constructed on the basis of the geometric information provided by medical digital images and an arbitrarily chosen system of curvilinear coordinates. The parameterization defined by these coordinates is approximated through TIS by using a multidimensional extension of the Lancozos`s method for accelerating the convergence of trigonometric approximations for smooth, nonperiodic functions. This allows us to obtain accurate representations for a wide class of anatomical structures, including nonclosed ones. An upper bound of the approximation error is derived in the sense of the supremum norm. The reconstruction of a human face and the surface of a brain cortex are shown as illustrative examples of the parameterization by means of TIS. 23 refs., 2 figs.

  1. Polyhedral Model Retrieval Using Weighted Point Sets Johan W.H. Tangelder and Remco C. Veltkamp

    E-print Network

    Veltkamp, Remco

    digitizing now is commonplace. Applications of emerging relevance are augmented reality using digitized 3D point sets using a new shape similarity measure based on weight transportation that is a variation provides access to thousands of 3D objects mostly in virtual reality modelling language (VRML) format. Most

  2. Apery's Double Sum is Plain Sailing Indeed Carsten Schneider

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Carsten

    Ap´ery's Double Sum is Plain Sailing Indeed Carsten Schneider Research Institute for Symbolic the summation package Sigma [6] we get plain sailing ­ instead of plane sailing, cf. van der Poorten's statement

  3. Ap ery's Double Sum is Plain Sailing Indeed Carsten Schneider

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Carsten

    Ap#19;ery's Double Sum is Plain Sailing Indeed Carsten Schneider #3; Research Institute the summation package Sigma [6] we get plain sailing { instead of plane sailing, cf. van der Poorten's statement

  4. The Use of Proof Plans to Sum Series 

    E-print Network

    Walsh, T.; Nunes, A.; Bundy, Alan

    1992-01-01

    We describe a program for finding closed form solutions to finite sums. The program was built to test the applicability of the proof planning search control technique in a domain of mathematics outwith induction. This ...

  5. Quark mixing sum rules and the right unitarity triangle

    SciTech Connect

    Antusch, Stefan; Spinrath, Martin; King, Stephen F.; Malinsky, Michal

    2010-02-01

    In analogy with the recently proposed lepton mixing sum rules, we derive quark mixing sum rules for the case of hierarchical quark mass matrices with 1-3 texture zeros, in which the separate up and down-type 1-3 mixing angles are approximately zero, and V{sub ub} is generated from V{sub cb} as a result of 1-2 up-type quark mixing. Using the sum rules, we discuss the phenomenological viability of such textures, including up to four texture zeros, and show how the right-angled unitarity triangle, i.e., {alpha}{approx_equal}90 deg., can be accounted for by a remarkably simple scheme involving real mass matrices apart from a single element being purely imaginary. In the framework of grand unified theories, we show how the quark and lepton mixing sum rules may combine to yield an accurate prediction for the reactor angle.

  6. DEVIATIONS OF ERGODIC SUMS FOR TORAL TRANSLATIONS I. CONVEX BODIES

    E-print Network

    Dolgopyat, Dmitry

    DEVIATIONS OF ERGODIC SUMS FOR TORAL TRANSLATIONS I. CONVEX BODIES DMITRY DOLGOPYAT AND BASSAM by the normalized Lebesgue measure on X. Then we will prove the following 1 #12;2 DMITRY DOLGOPYAT AND BASSAM FAYAD

  7. Generic implementations of parallel prefix sums and its applications 

    E-print Network

    Huang, Tao

    2009-05-15

    patterns can be separated from the concrete parallel prefix sums algorithms and thus simplify the work of parallel programming. For each algorithm, the implementation uses two different synchronization options: barrier synchronization and point...

  8. Restraint, weight loss, and variability of body weight.

    PubMed

    Heatherton, T F; Polivy, J; Herman, C P

    1991-02-01

    Restrained and unrestrained subjects (n = 24) were weighed daily for a 6-week period and again 6 months later in order to determine whether dietary restraint or relative body weight is the better predictor of weight variability. Restraint was a significantly better predictor of naturally occurring weight fluctuations than was relative body weight. Furthermore, the 2 factors of the Restraint Scale, Concern for Dieting and Weight Fluctuations, were both significant predictors of weight variability. We propose that exaggerated weight fluctuations are not a natural concomitant of higher body weight but possibly the consequence of a cycle of dieting and overeating, which seems to preclude actual weight loss. PMID:2005275

  9. Charm and bottom hadronic form factors with QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Bracco, M. E.; Rodrigues, B. O.; Cerqueira, A. Jr.

    2013-03-25

    We present a brief review of some calculations of form factors and coupling constants in vertices with charm and bottom mesons in the framework of QCD sum rules. We first discuss the motivation for this work, describing possible applications of these form factors to charm and bottom decays processes. We first make a summarize of the QCD sum rules method. We give special attention to the uncertainties of the method introducing by the intrinsic variation of the parameters. Finally we conclude.

  10. Sum uncertainty relations for arbitrary N incompatible observables

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Bin; Fei, Shao-Ming

    2015-01-01

    We formulate uncertainty relations for arbitrary N observables. Two uncertainty inequalities are presented in terms of the sum of variances and standard deviations, respectively. The lower bounds of the corresponding sum uncertainty relations are explicitly derived. These bounds are shown to be tighter than the ones such as derived from the uncertainty inequality for two observables [Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 260401 (2014)]. Detailed examples are presented to compare among our results with some existing ones. PMID:26370360

  11. Thermal QCD Sum Rules for sigma(600) Meson

    E-print Network

    Elsen Veli Veliev; Takhmassib M. Aliev

    2008-06-13

    In the present work, the temperature dependence of the scalar mesons parameters is investigated in the framework of thermal QCD sum rules. We calculate sigma-pole and the non-resonant two-pion continuum contributions to the spectral density. Taking into account additional operators appearing at finite temperature, the thermal QCD sum rules are derived. The temperature dependence of the shifts in the mass and leptonic decay constant of scalar sigma(600) meson is calculated.

  12. Proven Weight Loss Methods

    MedlinePLUS

    ... their risk for developing type 2 diabetes. What changes in eating habits can help you lose weight? Most people need ... care provider can help you decide how to change your eating habits. Choices include • Eating fewer calories than usual. This ...

  13. Preventing Weight Gain

    MedlinePLUS

    ... their body composition gradually shifts — the proportion of muscle decreases and the proportion of fat increases. This shift slows their metabolism, making it easier to gain weight. In addition, ...

  14. Thyroid and Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Differences in BMRs are associated with changes in energy balance. Energy balance reflects the difference between the amount of ... such as amphetamines, animals often have a negative energy balance which leads to weight loss. Based on ...

  15. Your Child's Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... spurts in height and weight gain in both boys and girls. Once these changes start, they continue for several ... or obese . Different BMI charts are used for boys and girls under the age of 20 because the amount ...

  16. Prizes for weight loss.

    PubMed Central

    Englberger, L.

    1999-01-01

    A programme of weight loss competitions and associated activities in Tonga, intended to combat obesity and the noncommunicable diseases linked to it, has popular support and the potential to effect significant improvements in health. PMID:10063662

  17. Weight gain - unintentional

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cushing syndrome Underactive thyroid, or low thyroid (Hypothyroidism) Polycystic ovary syndrome Menopause Pregnancy Bloating, or swelling due to a buildup of fluid in the tissues can cause weight gain. This may be due to menstruation, ...

  18. Pregnancy Weight Gain Calculator

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a Budget Create a Grocery Game Plan Shop Smart to Fill Your Cart Prepare Healthy Meals Sample 2-Week Menus Resources for Professionals ... are here Home / Interactive Tools Pregnancy Weight Gain Calculator Error message ...

  19. Closed-form summation of the Dowker and related sums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cvijovi?, Djurdje; Srivastava, H. M.

    2007-04-01

    Finite sums of powers of cosecants appear in a wide range of physical problems. We, through a unified approach which uses contour integrals and residues, establish the summation formulas for two general families of such sums. One of them is the family which was first studied and summed in closed form by Dowker [Phys. Rev. D 36, 3095 (1987)], while the other is related to it and has not been studied before. Our summation formulas of the Dowker sums involve only the Stirling numbers of the first kind and the (ordinary) Bernoulli polynomials and numbers, unlike the earlier summation formulas in which either the higher-order Bernoulli numbers and polynomials or the multiple sums involving the Bernoulli numbers and their products, were used. A great deal of other (known or presumably new) closed-form summations follows as straightforward corollaries to these formulas. Among them are two special cases of the celebrated Verlinde's formula and numerous sums encountered in various physical problems by McCoy and Orrick [J. Stat. Phys. 83, 839 (1996)], Gervois and Mehta [J. Math. Phys. 36, 5098 (1995)], and Henkel and Lacki [Phys. Lett. A 138, 105 (1989)].

  20. National Center for Digital Government National Center for Digital Government

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    National Center for Digital Government National Center for Digital Government University Center for Digital Government welcomed a delegation of government and technology business leaders from Kazakhstan on Wednesday, September 26, 2007. Amherst, MA­ The National Center for Digital Government (NCDG

  1. Computation of synthetic mammograms with an edge-weighting algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Homann, Hanno; Bergner, Frank; Erhard, Klaus

    2015-03-01

    The promising increase in cancer detection rates1, 2 makes digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) an interesting alternative to full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in breast cancer screening. However, this benefit comes at the cost of an increased average glandular dose in a combined DBT plus FFDM acquisition protocol. Synthetic mammograms, which are computed from the reconstructed tomosynthesis volume data, have demonstrated to be an alternative to a regular FFDM exposure in a DBT plus synthetic 2D reading mode.3 Besides weighted averaging and modified maximum intensity projection (MIP) methods,4, 5 the integration of CAD techniques for computing a weighting function in the forward projection step of the synthetic mammogram generation has been recently proposed.6, 7 In this work, a novel and computationally efficient method is presented based on an edge-retaining algorithm, which directly computes the weighting function by an edge-detection filter.

  2. Weight Loss Nutritional Supplements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eckerson, Joan M.

    Obesity has reached what may be considered epidemic proportions in the United States, not only for adults but for children. Because of the medical implications and health care costs associated with obesity, as well as the negative social and psychological impacts, many individuals turn to nonprescription nutritional weight loss supplements hoping for a quick fix, and the weight loss industry has responded by offering a variety of products that generates billions of dollars each year in sales. Most nutritional weight loss supplements are purported to work by increasing energy expenditure, modulating carbohydrate or fat metabolism, increasing satiety, inducing diuresis, or blocking fat absorption. To review the literally hundreds of nutritional weight loss supplements available on the market today is well beyond the scope of this chapter. Therefore, several of the most commonly used supplements were selected for critical review, and practical recommendations are provided based on the findings of well controlled, randomized clinical trials that examined their efficacy. In most cases, the nutritional supplements reviewed either elicited no meaningful effect or resulted in changes in body weight and composition that are similar to what occurs through a restricted diet and exercise program. Although there is some evidence to suggest that herbal forms of ephedrine, such as ma huang, combined with caffeine or caffeine and aspirin (i.e., ECA stack) is effective for inducing moderate weight loss in overweight adults, because of the recent ban on ephedra manufacturers must now use ephedra-free ingredients, such as bitter orange, which do not appear to be as effective. The dietary fiber, glucomannan, also appears to hold some promise as a possible treatment for weight loss, but other related forms of dietary fiber, including guar gum and psyllium, are ineffective.

  3. Digital rectal exam

    MedlinePLUS

    A digital rectal exam is an examination of the lower rectum. The doctor uses a gloved, lubricated finger to ... or other changes of the prostate gland. A digital rectal exam may be done to collect stool ...

  4. COE589: Digital Forensics Research in Digital Forensics

    E-print Network

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    COE589: Digital Forensics Research in Digital Forensics Dr. Ahmad Almulhem KFUPM - Fall 2012 (T121? · Research Agenda for Digital Forensics · Future Research in Digital Forensics COE589 - Ahmad Almulhem 2 #12589 - Ahmad Almulhem 6 repeat hourglass model #12;Research in Digital Forensics · Digital forensics

  5. COE589: Digital Forensics Introduction to Digital Forensics

    E-print Network

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    COE589: Digital Forensics Introduction to Digital Forensics Dr. Ahmad Almulhem KFUPM ­ Spring 2013 (T122) 1COE589 - Ahmad Almulhem #12;Outline · Forensic Science (Forensics) ­ Classic (Analog) vs Digital Forensics · Branches of Digital Forensics · Digital Forensics vs Other Fields · Digital Evidences

  6. COE589: Digital Forensics Introduction to Digital Forensics

    E-print Network

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    COE589: Digital Forensics Introduction to Digital Forensics Dr. Ahmad Almulhem KFUPM - Fall 2012 (T121) 1COE589 - Ahmad Almulhem #12;Outline · Forensic Science (Forensics) ­ Classic (Analog) vs Digital Forensics · Branches of Digital Forensics · Digital Forensics vs Other Fields · Digital Evidences · Computer

  7. Digital Video, Digital TV IMPA -Instituto de Matemtica Pura e

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    1 Digital Video, Digital TV and Beyond Luiz Velho IMPA - Instituto de Matemática Pura e Aplicada 2 Outline Video in the Digital Age Deployment of Digital Video Enabling Technologies Research @ VISGRAF Laboratory Trends and the Future... 3 Evolution of Digital Video 1st Generation - Analog / Digital Conversion

  8. Aim For a Healthy Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... oxygen into energy), and behavior or habits. Energy Balance Energy balance is important for maintaining a healthy weight. The ... OUT over time = weight stays the same (energy balance) More energy IN than OUT over time = weight ...

  9. Brief report: Weight dissatisfaction, weight status, and weight loss in Mexican-American children

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The study objectives were to assess the association between weight dissatisfaction, weight status, and weight loss in Mexican-American children participating in a weight management program. Participants included 265 Mexican American children recruited for a school-based weight management program. Al...

  10. Bridging the Digital Divide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Alan; Milner, Helen; Killer, Terry; Dixon, Genny

    2008-01-01

    As the Government publishes its action plan for consultation on digital inclusion, the authors consider some of the challenges and opportunities for the delivery of digital inclusion. Clarke argues that digital inclusion requires more than access to technology or the skills to use it effectively, it demands information and media literacy. Milner…

  11. Digital Language Death

    PubMed Central

    Kornai, András

    2013-01-01

    Of the approximately 7,000 languages spoken today, some 2,500 are generally considered endangered. Here we argue that this consensus figure vastly underestimates the danger of digital language death, in that less than 5% of all languages can still ascend to the digital realm. We present evidence of a massive die-off caused by the digital divide. PMID:24167559

  12. Digit Expansions . . . and more

    E-print Network

    Krenn, Daniel

    Redundant Digit Expansions . . . and more Daniel Krenn January 28, 2015 This presentation by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), projects P24644 & W1230. #12;Optimal Digit Expansions Partitions & Compositions Polynomial Functions Overview Numbers z = -1 j=0 j j with algebraic integer base digits j

  13. Mass Digitization of Books

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coyle, Karen

    2006-01-01

    Mass digitization of the bound volumes that we generally call "books" has begun, and, thanks to the interest in Google and all that it does, it is getting widespread media attention. The Open Content Alliance (OCA), a library initiative formed after Google announced its library book digitization project, has brought library digitization projects…

  14. Changing State Digital Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pappas, Marjorie L.

    2006-01-01

    Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital

  15. Digital Business RESEARCH BRIEF

    E-print Network

    Center for Digital Business RESEARCH BRIEF Volume XIII Number 2 May 2011 2011 MIT Center for Digital Business, E. Brynjolfsson The 4 Ways IT is Driving Innovation Erik Brynjolfsson, Director, MIT Center for Digital Business and Schussel Professor, MIT Sloan School of Management Reprinted from Sloan

  16. Digital ethnography Piia Varis

    E-print Network

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Paper Digital ethnography by Piia Varis © p.k.varis@tilburguniversity.edu © August 2014 #12;1 An early version of a chapter to appear in The Routledge Handbook of Language and Digital Communication (eds. Alexandra Georgakopoulou & Tereza Spilioti) DIGITAL ETHNOGRAPHY Piia Varis ABSTRACT This chapter

  17. Digital Literacy. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Ronald

    2011-01-01

    21st Century students need a complex set of skills to be successful in a digital environment. Digital literacy, similar to traditional definitions of literacy, is a set of skills students use to locate, organize, understand, evaluate and create information. The difference is that it occurs in an environment where a growing set of digital tools…

  18. Digital Ink and Notetaking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colwell, Kenneth E.

    2004-01-01

    Tablet PCs and graphics tablets employ digital ink technology. In this paper the author introduces the reader to digital ink technology with the aim of promoting its use in various instructional or training settings, with the goal of improving instructor-learner dialogue and student learning. The potential of digital ink for improved instructional…

  19. Light weight phosphate cements

    DOEpatents

    Wagh, Arun S. (Naperville, IL); Natarajan, Ramkumar, (Woodridge, IL); Kahn, David (Miami, FL)

    2010-03-09

    A sealant having a specific gravity in the range of from about 0.7 to about 1.6 for heavy oil and/or coal bed methane fields is disclosed. The sealant has a binder including an oxide or hydroxide of Al or of Fe and a phosphoric acid solution. The binder may have MgO or an oxide of Fe and/or an acid phosphate. The binder is present from about 20 to about 50% by weight of the sealant with a lightweight additive present in the range of from about 1 to about 10% by weight of said sealant, a filler, and water sufficient to provide chemically bound water present in the range of from about 9 to about 36% by weight of the sealant when set. A porous ceramic is also disclosed.

  20. The effect of holiday weight gain on body weight.

    PubMed

    Schoeller, Dale A

    2014-07-01

    The topic of holiday weight gain has been a frequent subject of the lay media; however, scientific interest has only been recent. Multiple studies in Western societies have reported average weight gains among adults during the period between mid-November and mid-January that were about 0.5 kg. The range in individual weight changes was large, however, and the already overweight and obese gain more weight than those who are healthy weight. When the average gain across the year was also measured, the holiday weight was the major contributor to annual excess weight gain. Efforts patterned to increase awareness to energy balance and body weight have been shown to be successful at reducing such gain. An exception to holiday weight gain being a major contributor to annual excess gain has been children, in whom summer weight gains have been observed to be the major contributor to average excess weight gain. PMID:24662697

  1. Implicit Bias about Weight and Weight Loss Treatment Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Carels, Robert A; Hinman, Nova G; Hoffmann, Debra A; Burmeister, Jacob M; Borushok, Jessica E.; Marx, Jenna M; Ashrafioun, Lisham

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The goal of the current study was to examine the impact of a weight loss intervention on implicit bias toward weight, as well as the relationship among implicit bias, weight loss behaviors, and weight loss outcomes. Additionally, of interest was the relationship among these variables when implicit weight bias was measured with a novel assessment that portrays individuals who are thin and obese engaged in both stereotypical and nonstereotypical health-related behaviors. Methods Implicit weight bias (stereotype consistent and stereotype inconsistent), binge eating, self-monitoring, and body weight were assessed among weight loss participants at baseline and post-treatment (N=44) participating in two weight loss programs. Results Stereotype consistent bias significantly decreased from baseline to post-treatment. Greater baseline stereotype consistent bias was associated with lower binge eating and greater self-monitoring. Greater post-treatment stereotype consistent bias was associated with greater percent weight loss. Stereotype inconsistent bias did not change from baseline to post-treatment and was generally unrelated to outcomes. Conclusion Weight loss treatment may reduce implicit bias toward overweight individuals among weight loss participants. Higher post-treatment stereotype consistent bias was associated with a higher percent weight loss, possibly suggesting that losing weight may serve to maintain implicit weight bias. Alternatively, great implicit weight bias may identify individuals motivated to make changes necessary for weight loss. PMID:25261809

  2. Digital Smithsonian Fiscal Years 20102015

    E-print Network

    Miller, Scott

    Creating a Digital Smithsonian Fiscal Years 2010­2015 DIgItIzatIOn StRatEgIC Plan #12;IntroductIon 2 Extending Reach/Enhancing Meaning 3 What, Exactly, Is Digitization? 3 What Are We Digitizing? 4GIc Goals 11 Goal 1: Digital Assets 11 Goal 2: Digitization Program 12 Goal 3: Organizational Capacity 13

  3. SUSY-Yukawa Sum Rule at the LHC

    E-print Network

    Monika Blanke; David Curtin; Maxim Perelstein

    2010-08-03

    We propose the "supersymmetric (SUSY) Yukawa sum rule", a relationship between physical masses and mixing angles of the third-generation quarks and squarks. The sum rule follows directly from a relation between quark and squark couplings to the Higgs, enforced by SUSY. It is exactly this relation that ensures the cancellation of the one-loop quadratic divergence in the Higgs mass from the top sector. Testing the sum rule experimentally would thus provide a powerful consistency check on SUSY as the solution to the gauge hierarchy problem. While such a test will most likely have to await a future next-generation lepton collider, the LHC experiments may be able to make significant progress towards this goal. If some of the terms entering the sum rule are measured at the LHC, the sum rule can be used (within SUSY framework) to put interesting constraints on the other terms, such as the mixing angles among third-generation squarks. We outline how the required mass measurements could be performed, and estimate the accuracy that can be achieved at the LHC.

  4. Nucleon spectral function at finite density from QCD sum rules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohtani, Keiuske; Gubler, Philipp; Oka, Makoto

    2014-09-01

    The QCD sum rule method is a powerful tool for studying hadron properties directly from QCD. Recently, the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) has been applied and is successful in the analysis of the rho meson sum rule in vacuum. The advantage of this approach is that the spectral functions can be extracted without assuming a specific form. We have applied this analysis method of QCD sum rules to the spectral function of the nucleon and its negative parity excited states in vacuum and have constructed the parity projected nucleon sum rules including the first order ?s corrections. Both the positive and negative parity spectral function of the nucleon are extracted after the MEM is applied to the sum rule. We find that the difference between the positive and negative parity spectral function is mainly caused by the chiral condensate. Applying this method to the analyses in nuclear matter, the mass modification of both the positive and negative parity states can be examined. By doing this, we investigate the relation between the masses and partial restoration of chiral symmetry breaking.

  5. Digital Filters for Reducing Background Noise in Micro PIV Measurements , S. T. Wereley(2)

    E-print Network

    Gui, Lichuan

    particle image velocimetry PIV particle image velocimetry RMS root-mean-square RSS root-sum-square Fig.7: µ;1. INTRODUCTION Micro particle image velocimetry is becoming a general tool for investigating flows in micro work digital filters are used to reduce the measurement uncertainty of the microscopic particle image

  6. Strengthening Weight Rooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Rachel M.

    1997-01-01

    Examines ways of giving an existing weight-training room new life without spending a lot of time and money. Tips include adding rubber floor coverings; using indirect lighting; adding windows, art work, or mirrors to open up the room; using more aesthetically pleasing ceiling tiles; upgrading ventilation; repadding or painting the equipment; and…

  7. Weight Training Adds Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nutter, June

    1995-01-01

    Secondary level physical education teachers can have their students use math concepts while working out on the weight-room equipment. The article explains how students can reinforce math skills while weightlifting by estimating their strength, estimating their power, or calculating other formulas. (SM)

  8. Weighted multiplex networks.

    PubMed

    Menichetti, Giulia; Remondini, Daniel; Panzarasa, Pietro; Mondragón, Raúl J; Bianconi, Ginestra

    2014-01-01

    One of the most important challenges in network science is to quantify the information encoded in complex network structures. Disentangling randomness from organizational principles is even more demanding when networks have a multiplex nature. Multiplex networks are multilayer systems of [Formula: see text] nodes that can be linked in multiple interacting and co-evolving layers. In these networks, relevant information might not be captured if the single layers were analyzed separately. Here we demonstrate that such partial analysis of layers fails to capture significant correlations between weights and topology of complex multiplex networks. To this end, we study two weighted multiplex co-authorship and citation networks involving the authors included in the American Physical Society. We show that in these networks weights are strongly correlated with multiplex structure, and provide empirical evidence in favor of the advantage of studying weighted measures of multiplex networks, such as multistrength and the inverse multiparticipation ratio. Finally, we introduce a theoretical framework based on the entropy of multiplex ensembles to quantify the information stored in multiplex networks that would remain undetected if the single layers were analyzed in isolation. PMID:24906003

  9. Weighted Clones Libor Barto

    E-print Network

    Barto, Libor

    Weighted Clones Libor Barto Department of Algebra Faculty of Mathematics and Physics Charles University in Prague AAA 89, February 27, 2015 #12;what is this talk about? clones relational clones why study clones: almost whole UA + fun why study relational clones: CSP why we care about : UA CSP

  10. Weight-loss medicines

    MedlinePLUS

    ... more a month. Consider whether the cost, side effects, and the small weight loss you can expect are worth it to you. Your body may not absorb important vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients from food while you are using orlistat. You should take ...

  11. Sums of hermitian squares and the BMV conjecture

    E-print Network

    Klep, Igor

    2007-01-01

    Recently Lieb and Seiringer showed that the Bessis-Moussa-Villani conjecture from quantum physics can be restated in the following purely algebraic way: The sum of all words in two positive semidefinite matrices where the number of each of the two letters is fixed is always a matrix with nonnegative trace. We show that this statement holds if the words are of length at most 13. This has previously been known only up to length 7. In our proof, we establish a connection to sums of hermitian squares of polynomials in noncommuting variables and to semidefinite programming. As a by-product we obtain an example of a real polynomial in two noncommuting variables having nonnegative trace on all symmetric matrices of the same size, yet not being a sum of hermitian squares and commutators.

  12. Closed-form summations of Dowker's and related trigonometric sums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cvijovi?, Djurdje; Srivastava, H. M.

    2012-09-01

    Through a unified and relatively simple approach which uses complex contour integrals, particularly convenient integration contours and calculus of residues, closed-form summation formulas for 12 very general families of trigonometric sums are deduced. One of them is a family of cosecant sums which was first summed in closed form in a series of papers by Dowker (1987 Phys. Rev. D 36 3095-101 1989 J. Math. Phys. 30 770-3 1992 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 25 2641-8), whose method has inspired our work in this area. All of the formulas derived here involve the higher-order Bernoulli polynomials. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical in honour of Stuart Dowker's 75th birthday devoted to ‘Applications of zeta functions and other spectral functions in mathematics and physics’.

  13. Digital Collections, Digital Libraries and the Digitization of Cultural Heritage Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Clifford

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the development of digital collections and digital libraries. Topics include digitization of cultural heritage information; broadband issues; lack of compelling content; training issues; types of materials being digitized; sustainability; digital preservation; infrastructure; digital images; data mining; and future possibilities for…

  14. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937...

  15. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937...

  16. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937...

  17. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937...

  18. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937...

  19. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11 Section 234.11 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount of...

  20. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937 Act LSDP is...

  1. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11 Section 234.11 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount of...

  2. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11 Section 234.11 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount of...

  3. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11 Section 234.11 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount of...

  4. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937 Act LSDP is...

  5. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11 Section 234.11 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount of...

  6. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937 Act LSDP is...

  7. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937 Act LSDP is...

  8. 20 CFR 234.12 - 1937 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.12 Section 234.12 ...RETIREMENT ACT LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.12 1937 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The 1937 Act LSDP is...

  9. 29 CFR 4050.9 - Annuity or elective lump sum-living missing participant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Annuity or elective lump sum-living missing participant... CORPORATION PLAN TERMINATIONS MISSING PARTICIPANTS § 4050.9 Annuity or elective lump sum—living missing... § 4050.5(a)(3) (no lump sum) or § 4050.5(a)(4) (elective lump sum) and who is living on the date as...

  10. 29 CFR 4050.9 - Annuity or elective lump sum-living missing participant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Annuity or elective lump sum-living missing participant... CORPORATION PLAN TERMINATIONS MISSING PARTICIPANTS § 4050.9 Annuity or elective lump sum—living missing... § 4050.5(a)(3) (no lump sum) or § 4050.5(a)(4) (elective lump sum) and who is living on the date as...

  11. The quantum Ising model: finite sums and hyperbolic functions

    PubMed Central

    Damski, Bogdan

    2015-01-01

    We derive exact closed-form expressions for several sums leading to hyperbolic functions and discuss their applicability for studies of finite-size Ising spin chains. We show how they immediately lead to closed-form expressions for both fidelity susceptibility characterizing the quantum critical point and the coefficients of the counterdiabatic Hamiltonian enabling arbitrarily quick adiabatic driving of the system. Our results generalize and extend the sums presented in the popular Gradshteyn and Ryzhik Table of Integrals, Series, and Products. PMID:26514674

  12. QCD sum rules for the anti-charmed pentaquark

    E-print Network

    Yasemin Sarac; Hungchong Kim; Su Houng Lee

    2005-12-02

    We present a QCD sum rule analysis for the anti-charmed pentaquark state with and without strangeness. While the sum rules for most of the currents are either non-convergent or dominated by the $DN$ continuum, the one for the non-strange pentaquark current composed of two diquarks and an antiquark, is convergent and has a structure consistent with a positive parity pentaquark state after subtracting out the $DN$ continuum contribution. Arguments are presented on the similarity between the result of the present analysis and that based on the constituent quark models, which predict a more stable pentaquark states when the antiquark is heavy.

  13. Multiple summing operators on C(K) spaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pérez-García, David; Villanueva, Ignacio

    2004-04-01

    In this paper, we characterize, for 1? psumming multilinear operators on the product of C(K) spaces in terms of their representing polymeasures. As consequences, we obtain a new characterization of ( p, 1)-summing linear operators on C(K) in terms of their representing measures and a new multilinear characterization of L ? spaces. We also solve a problem stated by M.S. Ramanujan and E. Schock, improve a result of H. P. Rosenthal and S. J. Szarek, and give new results about polymeasures.

  14. A new neutrino mass sum rule from inverse seesaw

    E-print Network

    L. Dorame; S. Morisi; E. Peinado; Alma D. Rojas; J. W. F. Valle

    2012-03-01

    A class of discrete flavor-symmetry-based models predicts constrained neutrino mass matrix schemes that lead to specific neutrino mass sum-rules (MSR). One of these implies in a lower bound on the effective neutrinoless double beta mass parameter, even for normal hierarchy neutrinos. Here we propose a new model based on the S4 flavor symmetry that leads to the new neutrino mass sum-rule and discuss how to generate a nonzero value for the reactor mixing angle indicated by recent experiments, and the resulting correlation with the solar mixing angle.

  15. Coincidence summing corrections for point and volume (152)Eu sources.

    PubMed

    Novkovi?, Dušan; ?uraševi?, Mirjana; Kandi?, Aleksandar; Vukanac, Ivana; Šešlak, Bojan; Miloševi?, Zoran

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the X-ray and gamma-ray coincidence summing effect in (152)Eu is studied. Coincidence summing corrections and peak and total efficiencies of point and volume sources were determined using the direct matrices multiplication (DMM) method. The theoretically evaluated peak count rates were found to be in good agreement with the experimentally obtained values. Validation was performed by comparing the calculated efficiency curves and the corresponding correction factors with the results obtained using GESPECOR 4.2 software. PMID:26496693

  16. Weighted Competition Graphs YOSHIO SANO

    E-print Network

    Weighted Competition Graphs YOSHIO SANO Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto a generalization of competition graphs, called weighted competi- tion graphs. The weighted competition graph) is the competition graph of D, and the weight w(e) of an edge e = xy E is the number of the common preys of x and y

  17. Correlation Weights in Multiple Regression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, Niels G.; Jones, Jeff A.

    2010-01-01

    A general theory on the use of correlation weights in linear prediction has yet to be proposed. In this paper we take initial steps in developing such a theory by describing the conditions under which correlation weights perform well in population regression models. Using OLS weights as a comparison, we define cases in which the two weighting

  18. Method of improving a digital image

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rahman, Zia-ur (Inventor); Jobson, Daniel J. (Inventor); Woodell, Glenn A. (Inventor)

    1999-01-01

    A method of improving a digital image is provided. The image is initially represented by digital data indexed to represent positions on a display. The digital data is indicative of an intensity value I.sub.i (x,y) for each position (x,y) in each i-th spectral band. The intensity value for each position in each i-th spectral band is adjusted to generate an adjusted intensity value for each position in each i-th spectral band in accordance with ##EQU1## where S is the number of unique spectral bands included in said digital data, W.sub.n is a weighting factor and * denotes the convolution operator. Each surround function F.sub.n (x,y) is uniquely scaled to improve an aspect of the digital image, e.g., dynamic range compression, color constancy, and lightness rendition. The adjusted intensity value for each position in each i-th spectral band is filtered with a common function and then presented to a display device. For color images, a novel color restoration step is added to give the image true-to-life color that closely matches human observation.

  19. Locally Informed Global Search for Sums of Combinatorial Games

    E-print Network

    Müller, Martin

    Locally Informed Global Search for Sums of Combinatorial Games Martin M¨uller and Zhichao Li games. They can be characterized as local analysis and global search. Algorithms from combinatorial game depends mainly on the complexity of analyzing individual sub- games. Most importantly

  20. Perturbed zero-sum games with applications to dynamic games

    E-print Network

    Perturbed zero-sum games with applications to dynamic games Eitan ALTMAN INRIA, B.P. 93 2004 Route of South Australia The Levels, Australia, 5095 Abstract This paper deals with perturbed matrix games. The main result is that the sets of solutions of perturbed games converge to subsets of solutions

  1. Two Different Approaches to Nonzero-Sum Stochastic Differential Games

    SciTech Connect

    Rainer, Catherine

    2007-06-15

    We make the link between two approaches to Nash equilibria for nonzero-sum stochastic differential games: the first one using backward stochastic differential equations and the second one using strategies with delay. We prove that, when both exist, the two notions of Nash equilibria coincide.

  2. Zero-sum two-person games in LCP

    SciTech Connect

    Parthasarathy, T.

    1994-12-31

    In zero-sum two-person games, von Neumann`s minimax theorem and Kaplansky`s theorem on completely mixed games play a significant role. We derive some new and interesting results in Linear complementarity problem using the above mentioned theorems, especially in identifying certain class of Q-matrices.

  3. The Sensitive Infrared Signal Detection by Sum Frequency Generation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wong, Teh-Hwa; Yu, Jirong; Bai, Yingxin

    2013-01-01

    An up-conversion device that converts 2.05-micron light to 700 nm signal by sum frequency generation using a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal is demonstrated. The achieved 92% up-conversion efficiency paves the path to detect extremely weak 2.05-micron signal with well established silicon avalanche photodiode detector for sensitive lidar applications.

  4. The Distribution of the Sum of Signed Ranks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albright, Brian

    2012-01-01

    We describe the calculation of the distribution of the sum of signed ranks and develop an exact recursive algorithm for the distribution as well as an approximation of the distribution using the normal. The results have applications to the non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

  5. Summing up the noise in gene networks Johan Paulsson

    E-print Network

    Li, Tiejun

    with the principal steps of the central dogma of molecular biology; that is, replication, gene activationSumming up the noise in gene networks Johan Paulsson Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton and biological perspectives. I ntracellular randomness has long been predicted from basic physical principles1

  6. A Wave Analysis of the Subset Sum Problem Mark Jelasity

    E-print Network

    Jelasity, Márk

    stands on the ground of the traditional building block hypothesis [Goldberg 1989] the wave anal- ysisA Wave Analysis of the Subset Sum Problem M´ark Jelasity Research Group of Artificial Intelligence the wave model, a novel approach on analyzing the behavior of GAs. Our aim is to give techniques that have

  7. APPROXIMATING AMOEBAS AND COAMOEBAS BY SUMS OF SQUARES

    E-print Network

    Theobald, Thorsten

    APPROXIMATING AMOEBAS AND COAMOEBAS BY SUMS OF SQUARES THORSTEN THEOBALD AND TIMO DE WOLFF Abstract. Amoebas and coamoebas are the logarithmic images of algebraic varieties and the images of algebraic varieties under the arg-map, respectively. We present new techniques for computational problems on amoebas

  8. TROPICAL VARIETIES FOR EXPONENTIAL SUMS AND THEIR DISTANCE TO AMOEBAE

    E-print Network

    Rojas, J. Maurice

    TROPICAL VARIETIES FOR EXPONENTIAL SUMS AND THEIR DISTANCE TO AMOEBAE ALPEREN ERG¨UR, GRIGORIS of the complex zero set of g forms a sub-analytic variety (Z(g)) generalizing the amoeba of a complex polynomial show that the recent estimates on the distance between amoebae and Archimedean tropical varieties from

  9. Inequalities for frequency-moment sum rules of electron liquids

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Iwamoto, N.

    1986-01-01

    The relations between the various frequency-moment sum rules of electron liquids, which include even-power moments, are systematically examined by using the Cauchy-Schwarz and Hoelder inequalities. A relation involving the isothermal sound velocity and the kinetic and potential energies is obtained from one of the inequalities in the long-wavelength limit, and is generalized to arbitrary spatial dimensions.

  10. IDENTITIES INVOLVING RATIONAL SUMS BY INVERSION AND PARTIAL FRACTION DECOMPOSITION

    E-print Network

    Prodinger, Helmut

    IDENTITIES INVOLVING RATIONAL SUMS BY INVERSION AND PARTIAL FRACTION DECOMPOSITION HELMUT PRODINGER are evaluated using partial fraction decomposition, following Wenchang Chu [1]. This approach produces a general on two principles: inverse pairs and partial fraction decomposition. I am sure that many other approaches

  11. ESTIMATES ON BINOMIAL SUMS OF PARTITION FUNCTIONS DIETRICH BURDE

    E-print Network

    Burde, Dietrich

    Mathematics Subject Classification. Primary 11P81, 17B30. 1 #12;2 D. BURDE 1.2. Theorem. The function p(n, k = 50 and 1 k 50. I thank Michael Stoll for helpful discussions. #12;BINOMIAL SUMS OF PARTITION FUN

  12. DeclanButler,Paris Researchers are unsure whether this sum-

    E-print Network

    DeclanButler,Paris Researchers are unsure whether this sum- mer's European heatwave -- which may at the Ecole Nor- male Supérieure in Paris. But little is known about what controls the anticyclone's inten climate-model failures DeclanButler,Paris Officials at the European Commission have rebutted claims

  13. Summing the derivative expansion of the effective action

    E-print Network

    Eduard Masso; Francesc Rota

    2002-01-22

    The derivative expansion of the effective action is a perturbative development in derivatives of the fields. The expansion breaks down when some of the derivatives are too large. We show how to sum exactly the first and second derivatives and treat perturbatively derivatives higher than second.

  14. Exploring the Sums of Powers of Consecutive q-Integers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, T.; Ryoo, C. S.; Jang, L. C.; Rim, S. H.

    2005-01-01

    The Bernoulli numbers are among the most interesting and important number sequences in mathematics. They first appeared in the posthumous work "Ars Conjectandi" (1713) by Jacob Bernoulli (1654-1705) in connection with sums of powers of consecutive integers (Bernoulli, 1713; or Smith, 1959). Bernoulli numbers are particularly important in number…

  15. PARTIAL-SUM ANALOGUES OF THE ROGERSRAMANUJAN S. OLE WARNAAR

    E-print Network

    Warnaar, Ole

    in the Schur polynomials [11, 7, 13, 8, 22] sparked by the following nice generalization of the RogersPARTIAL-SUM ANALOGUES OF THE ROGERS­RAMANUJAN IDENTITIES S. OLE WARNAAR Abstract. A new polynomial analogue of the Rogers­Ramanujan identities is proven. Here the product-side of the Rogers

  16. Sum-frequency generation from photon number squeezed light

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, Ling-An; Du, Cong-Shi; Wu, Mei-Juan; Li, Shi-Qun

    1994-01-01

    We investigate the quantum fluctuations of the fields produced in sum-frequency (SF) generation from light initially in the photon number squeezed state. It is found that, to the fourth power term, the output SF light is sub-Poissonian whereas the quantum fluctuations of the input beams increase. Quantum anticorrelation also exists in SF generation.

  17. Digital Video 1 DIGITAL VIDEO, LEARNING STYLES AND STUDENT UNDERSTANDING

    E-print Network

    Larkin, Teresa L.

    Digital Video 1 DIGITAL VIDEO, LEARNING STYLES AND STUDENT UNDERSTANDING Digital Video, Learning University in 1997. Her doctoral work involved the assessment of and interactive digital video technique #12;Digital Video 2 teachers, particularly those teachers whose background does not include

  18. COE589: Digital Forensics Research in Digital Forensics

    E-print Network

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    COE589: Digital Forensics Research in Digital Forensics Dr. Ahmad Almulhem KFUPM - Spring 2013 (T Forensics · Future Research in Digital Forensics · Re-Visit to Course Syllabus COE589 - Ahmad Almulhem 2 #12 hourglass model #12;Research in Digital Forensics · Digital forensics is largely practitioner-driven field

  19. Digital Materials for Digital Fabrication George A. Popescu

    E-print Network

    Digital Materials for Digital Fabrication by George A. Popescu SUBMITTED TO THE PROGRAM IN MEDIA #12;Digital Materials for Digital Fabrication by George A. Popescu Submitted to the Department of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science Abstract This thesis introduces digital materials by analogy

  20. Supplier Selection Using Weighted Utility Additive Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karande, Prasad; Chakraborty, Shankar

    2015-10-01

    Supplier selection is a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problem which mainly involves evaluating a number of available suppliers according to a set of common criteria for choosing the best one to meet the organizational needs. For any manufacturing or service organization, selecting the right upstream suppliers is a key success factor that will significantly reduce purchasing cost, increase downstream customer satisfaction and improve competitive ability. The past researchers have attempted to solve the supplier selection problem employing different MCDM techniques which involve active participation of the decision makers in the decision-making process. This paper deals with the application of weighted utility additive (WUTA) method for solving supplier selection problems. The WUTA method, an extension of utility additive approach, is based on ordinal regression and consists of building a piece-wise linear additive decision model from a preference structure using linear programming (LP). It adopts preference disaggregation principle and addresses the decision-making activities through operational models which need implicit preferences in the form of a preorder of reference alternatives or a subset of these alternatives present in the process. The preferential preorder provided by the decision maker is used as a restriction of a LP problem, which has its own objective function, minimization of the sum of the errors associated with the ranking of each alternative. Based on a given reference ranking of alternatives, one or more additive utility functions are derived. Using these utility functions, the weighted utilities for individual criterion values are combined into an overall weighted utility for a given alternative. It is observed that WUTA method, having a sound mathematical background, can provide accurate ranking to the candidate suppliers and choose the best one to fulfill the organizational requirements. Two real time examples are illustrated to prove its applicability and appropriateness in solving supplier selection problems.

  1. Digital work-flow

    PubMed Central

    MARSANGO, V.; BOLLERO, R.; D’OVIDIO, N.; MIRANDA, M.; BOLLERO, P.; BARLATTANI, A.

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY Objective. The project presents a clinical case in which the digital work-flow procedure was applied for a prosthetic rehabilitation in natural teeth and implants. Materials. Digital work-flow uses patient’s photo for the aesthetic’s planning, digital smile technology for the simulation of the final restoration and real time scanning to register the two arches. Than the scanning are sent to the laboratory that proceed with CAD-CAM production. Results. Digital work-flow offers the opportunities to easily speak with laboratory and patients, gives better clinical results and demonstrated to be a less invasiveness method for the patient. Conclusion. Intra-oral scanner, digital smile design, preview using digital wax-up, CAD-CAM production, are new predictable opportunities for prosthetic team. This work-flow, compared with traditional methods, is faster, more precise and predictable. PMID:25694797

  2. Weight and cost forecasting for advanced manned space vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, Raymond

    1989-01-01

    A mass and cost estimating computerized methology for predicting advanced manned space vehicle weights and costs was developed. The user friendly methology designated MERCER (Mass Estimating Relationship/Cost Estimating Relationship) organizes the predictive process according to major vehicle subsystem levels. Design, development, test, evaluation, and flight hardware cost forecasting is treated by the study. This methodology consists of a complete set of mass estimating relationships (MERs) which serve as the control components for the model and cost estimating relationships (CERs) which use MER output as input. To develop this model, numerous MER and CER studies were surveyed and modified where required. Additionally, relationships were regressed from raw data to accommodate the methology. The models and formulations which estimated the cost of historical vehicles to within 20 percent of the actual cost were selected. The result of the research, along with components of the MERCER Program, are reported. On the basis of the analysis, the following conclusions were established: (1) The cost of a spacecraft is best estimated by summing the cost of individual subsystems; (2) No one cost equation can be used for forecasting the cost of all spacecraft; (3) Spacecraft cost is highly correlated with its mass; (4) No study surveyed contained sufficient formulations to autonomously forecast the cost and weight of the entire advanced manned vehicle spacecraft program; (5) No user friendly program was found that linked MERs with CERs to produce spacecraft cost; and (6) The group accumulation weight estimation method (summing the estimated weights of the various subsystems) proved to be a useful method for finding total weight and cost of a spacecraft.

  3. Digital Sensor Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, Ken D.; Quinn, Edward L.; Mauck, Jerry L.; Bockhorst, Richard M.

    2015-02-01

    The nuclear industry has been slow to incorporate digital sensor technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns with digital qualification issues. However, the benefits of digital sensor technology for nuclear plant instrumentation are substantial in terms of accuracy and reliability. This paper, which refers to a final report issued in 2013, demonstrates these benefits in direct comparisons of digital and analog sensor applications. Improved accuracy results from the superior operating characteristics of digital sensors. These include improvements in sensor accuracy and drift and other related parameters which reduce total loop uncertainty and thereby increase safety and operating margins. An example instrument loop uncertainty calculation for a pressure sensor application is presented to illustrate these improvements. This is a side-by-side comparison of the instrument loop uncertainty for both an analog and a digital sensor in the same pressure measurement application. Similarly, improved sensor reliability is illustrated with a sample calculation for determining the probability of failure on demand, an industry standard reliability measure. This looks at equivalent analog and digital temperature sensors to draw the comparison. The results confirm substantial reliability improvement with the digital sensor, due in large part to ability to continuously monitor the health of a digital sensor such that problems can be immediately identified and corrected. This greatly reduces the likelihood of a latent failure condition of the sensor at the time of a design basis event. Notwithstanding the benefits of digital sensors, there are certain qualification issues that are inherent with digital technology and these are described in the report. One major qualification impediment for digital sensor implementation is software common cause failure (SCCF).

  4. Digital security technology simplified.

    PubMed

    Scaglione, Bernard J

    2007-01-01

    Digital security technology is making great strides in replacing analog and other traditional security systems including CCTV card access, personal identification and alarm monitoring applications. Like any new technology, the author says, it is important to understand its benefits and limitations before purchasing and installing, to ensure its proper operation and effectiveness. This article is a primer for security directors on how digital technology works. It provides an understanding of the key components which make up the foundation for digital security systems, focusing on three key aspects of the digital security world: the security network, IP cameras and IP recorders. PMID:17907609

  5. Digitization Best Practices

    SciTech Connect

    Xue, Fei; Holtkamp, Irma S.; Knudson, Frances L.

    2012-07-31

    This project involved performing tests and documenting results to determine best practices for digitizing older print documents. The digitization process is complicated, especially when original documents exhibit non-standard fonts and are faded. Tests focused on solutions to improve high quality scanning, increase OCR accuracy, and efficiently use embedded metadata. Results are summarized. From the test results on the right sides, we know that when we plan to digitize documents, we should balance Quantity and Quality based on our expectation, and then make final decision for the digitization process.

  6. Experiments in digital literacy.

    PubMed

    Eshet-Alkali, Yoram; Amichai-Hamburger, Yair

    2004-08-01

    Having digital literacy requires more than just the ability to use software or to operate a digital device; it includes a large variety of complex skills such as cognitive, motoric, sociological, and emotional that users need to have in order to use digital environments effectively. A conceptual model that was recently described by the authors suggests that digital literacy comprises five major digital skills: photo-visual skills ("reading" instructions from graphical displays), reproduction skills (utilizing digital reproduction to create new, meaningful materials from preexisting ones), branching skills (constructing knowledge from non-linear, hypertextual navigation), information skills (evaluating the quality and validity of information), and socio-emotional skills (understanding the "rules" that prevail in cyberspace and applying this understanding in online cyberspace communication). The present paper presents results from a performance-based pioneer study that investigated the application of the above digital literacy skills conceptual model among different groups of scholars. Results clearly indicate that the younger participants performed better than the older ones, with photo-visual and branching literacy tasks, whereas the older participants were found to be more literate in reproduction and information literacy tasks. Research results shed light on the cognitive skills that users utilize in performing with digital environments, and provide educators and software developers with helpful guidelines for designing better user-centered digital environments. PMID:15331029

  7. Digital In, Digital Out: Digital Editing with Firewire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Bob; Sauer, Jeff

    1997-01-01

    Reviews linear and nonlinear digital video (DV) editing equipment and software, using the IEEE 1394 (FireWire) connector. Includes a chart listing specifications and rating eight DV editing systems, reviews two DV still-photo cameras, and previews beta DV products. (PEN)

  8. Support activities to maintain SUMS flight readiness, volume 9. Attachment C: Flight STS-40 report. Attachment D: SUMS software listing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, Willie

    1992-01-01

    The Shuttle Upper Atmosphere Mass Spectrometer (SUMS), a component experiment of the NASA Orbital Experiments Program (OEX), was flown aboard the shuttle Columbia (OV102) mounted at the forward end of the nose landing gear well with an atmospheric gas inlet system fitted to the lower fuselage (chin panel) surface. The SUMS was designed to provide atmospheric data in flow regimes inaccessible prior to the development of the Space Transportation System (STS). The experiment mission operation begins about 1 hour prior to shuttle de-orbit entry maneuver and continues until reaching 1.6 torr (about 86 km altitude). The SUMS flew a total of three missions, 61C, STS-35, STS-40. Between flights, the SUMS was maintained in flight ready status. The flight data has been analyzed by the NASA LaRC Aerothermodynamics Branch. Flight data spectrum plots and reports are presented in the Appendices to the Final Technical Report for NAS1-17399. This volume provides a software listing and graphical data gathered from flight STS-40.

  9. Pre-publication review. Virtual Slavica: Digital Libraries, Digital Archives

    E-print Network

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2005-01-01

    Reviews the book "Virtual Slavica: Digital Libraries, Digital Archives," the first major work to address the issue of technology and Cyrillic language resources, thus providing an important “snapshot of Slavic digital librarianship...

  10. Digitized two-parameter spectrometer for neutron-gamma mixed field

    SciTech Connect

    Matej, Z.; Cvachovec, J.; Prenosil, V.; Cvachovec, F.; Zaritski, S.

    2011-07-01

    This paper shows the results of digital processing of output pulses from combined photon-neutron detector using a commercially available digitizer ACQUIRIS DP 210. The advantage of digital processing is reduction of the apparatus in weight and size, acceleration of measurement, and increased resistance to pile-up of pulses. The neutron and photon spectrum of radionuclide source {sup 252}Cf is presented. (authors)

  11. Weighted triangulation adjustment

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Anderson, Walter L.

    1969-01-01

    The variation of coordinates method is employed to perform a weighted least squares adjustment of horizontal survey networks. Geodetic coordinates are required for each fixed and adjustable station. A preliminary inverse geodetic position computation is made for each observed line. Weights associated with each observed equation for direction, azimuth, and distance are applied in the formation of the normal equations in-the least squares adjustment. The number of normal equations that may be solved is twice the number of new stations and less than 150. When the normal equations are solved, shifts are produced at adjustable stations. Previously computed correction factors are applied to the shifts and a most probable geodetic position is found for each adjustable station. Pinal azimuths and distances are computed. These may be written onto magnetic tape for subsequent computation of state plane or grid coordinates. Input consists of punch cards containing project identification, program options, and position and observation information. Results listed include preliminary and final positions, residuals, observation equations, solution of the normal equations showing magnitudes of shifts, and a plot of each adjusted and fixed station. During processing, data sets containing irrecoverable errors are rejected and the type of error is listed. The computer resumes processing of additional data sets.. Other conditions cause warning-errors to be issued, and processing continues with the current data set.

  12. Bayesian locally weighted online learning 

    E-print Network

    Edakunni, Narayanan U.

    2010-01-01

    Locally weighted regression is a non-parametric technique of regression that is capable of coping with non-stationarity of the input distribution. Online algorithms like Receptive FieldWeighted Regression and Locally ...

  13. Distracted Eating and Weight Gain

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... distraction can lead to weight gain. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Nutrition Weight Control About MedlinePlus Site Map ... Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Page ...

  14. Open Digital Libraries Hussein Suleman

    E-print Network

    Suleman, Hussein

    Open Digital Libraries Hussein Suleman Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Varadarajan Gail McMillan November 19, 2002 Blacksburg, Virginia Tech Keywords: digital library Libraries Hussein Suleman (ABSTRACT) Digital Libraries (DLs) are software systems specifically designed

  15. Creating Digital Authors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoch, Melody; Langston-DeMott, Brooke; Adams-Budde, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    Elementary students find themselves engaged and learning at a digital writing camp. The authors find that such elementary students usually have limited access to technology at home and school, and posit that teachers should do all they can to give them more access to and experience in digital composing. Students were motivated and learned to use…

  16. Scholars | Digital Representation | Publishing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgson, Justin

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the current state of digital publishing means that writers can now do more and say more in more ways than ever before in human history. As modes, methods, media and mechanisms of expression mutate into newer and newer digital forms, writers find themselves at a moment when they can create, critique collaborate, and comment according…

  17. Music Instruction Goes Digital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demski, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    Faced with meager enrollment in band, orchestra, and choir programs, schools are using digital technology to excite students about creating music on today's terms. This article discusses how music educators reinvent their profession by acknowledging and incorporating the way students interact with music today--digitally. Bill Evans, a music…

  18. Introduction Digital Flight Control

    E-print Network

    Stengel, Robert F.

    Introduction Digital Flight Control Research Using Microprocessor Technology ROBERT F. STENGEL Princetoin University Abstract The Flight Research Laboratory at Princeton University is en- gaged in an experimental program to investigate a variety of approaches to digital control by actual flight test. Experimen

  19. Shaping Digital Library Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Rush G.

    2002-01-01

    Explores issues related to the selection and purchase of digital content in academic libraries, including commercially-produced databases, electronic journals, and books and other electronic resources that are purchased from vendors; and in-house digitization projects. Considers the degree to which standard collection management principles apply.…

  20. ISDN: The Digital Difference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piedmo, Greg

    1995-01-01

    Integrated services digital network (ISDN) is a dial-up digital transmission service supporting transmission of audio, video, and text data over standard copper telephone wires or fiber optic cables. Advantages of ISDN over analog transmission include the ability of one phone line to support up to three simultaneous, separate conversations (phone,…

  1. Digital communications study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boorstyn, R. R.

    1973-01-01

    Research is reported dealing with problems of digital data transmission and computer communications networks. The results of four individual studies are presented which include: (1) signal processing with finite state machines, (2) signal parameter estimation from discrete-time observations, (3) digital filtering for radar signal processing applications, and (4) multiple server queues where all servers are not identical.

  2. Cresting the Digital Divide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregory, Kay; Steelman, Joyce

    2008-01-01

    Catawba Valley Community College has introduced digital storytelling (DS), an innovative instructional method that has produced extraordinary results. Digital storytelling uses affordable software to craft powerful multimedia presentations of student writing. Students create 3-to-4-minute movies with images, voiceovers, and music. This project…

  3. Digital Product Services Abstract

    E-print Network

    Daraio, Chiara

    link physical products with digital services. By using Internet of Things technologies we try to help and at the University of St. Gallen conducts research in the field of Internet of Things. Our research focus is on next Internet of Things technologies and mobile devices make it feasible to "attach" digital product services

  4. Writing and Digital Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Waes, Luuk, Ed.; Leijten, Marielle, Ed.; Neuwirth, Chris, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    Digital media has become an increasingly powerful force in modern society. This volume brings together outstanding European, American and Australian research in "writing and digital media" and explores its cognitive, social and cultural implications. In addition to presenting programs of original research by internationally known scholars from a…

  5. Digital Image Access & Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heidorn, P. Bryan, Ed.; Sandore, Beth, Ed.

    Recent technological advances in computing and digital imaging technology have had immediate and permanent consequences for visual resource collections. Libraries are involved in organizing and managing large visual resource collections. The central challenges in working with digital image collections mirror those that libraries have sought to…

  6. Digital Knowledge Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pandian, M. Paul

    2008-01-01

    Technology has revolutionized the concept of libraries. Networking and computing technologies have now become sufficiently advanced to support the design and deployment of large digital libraries which are capable of supporting the conventional end-user functions. Digital libraries are a natural extension of the evolution in which libraries have…

  7. Optimization of digital designs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whitaker, Sterling R. (Inventor); Miles, Lowell H. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    An application specific integrated circuit is optimized by translating a first representation of its digital design to a second representation. The second representation includes multiple syntactic expressions that admit a representation of a higher-order function of base Boolean values. The syntactic expressions are manipulated to form a third representation of the digital design.

  8. Digital Pinhole Camera

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancor, Rachael; Lancor, Brian

    2014-01-01

    In this article we describe how the classic pinhole camera demonstration can be adapted for use with digital cameras. Students can easily explore the effects of the size of the pinhole and its distance from the sensor on exposure time, magnification, and image quality. Instructions for constructing a digital pinhole camera and our method for…

  9. Digital Media and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2012

    2012-01-01

    MacArthur launched the digital media and learning initiative in 2006 to explore how digital media are changing the way young people learn, socialize, communicate, and play. Since 2006, the Foundation has awarded grants totaling more than $100 million for research, development of innovative new technologies, new learning environments for youth,…

  10. Navigate the Digital Rapids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay, Julie; Davis, Vicki

    2010-01-01

    How can teachers teach digital citizenship when the digital landscape is changing so rapidly? How can teachers teach proper online social interactions when the students are outside their classroom and thus outside their control? Will encouraging students to engage in global collaborative environments land teachers in hot water? These are the…

  11. Fundamentals of Digital Logic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noell, Monica L.

    This course is designed to prepare electronics personnel for further training in digital techniques, presenting need to know information that is basic to any maintenance course on digital equipment. It consists of seven study units: (1) binary arithmetic; (2) boolean algebra; (3) logic gates; (4) logic flip-flops; (5) nonlogic circuits; (6)…

  12. Digital Signature Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassler, Vesna; Biely, Helmut

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Digital Signature Project that was developed in Austria to establish an infrastructure for applying smart card-based digital signatures in banking and electronic-commerce applications. Discusses the need to conform to international standards, an international certification infrastructure, and security features for a public directory…

  13. Weight bearing influence on knee joint bony contact movements: an in vivo video-fluoroscopy study.

    PubMed

    Cheng, C K; Yao, N K; Liu, H C

    1997-01-01

    In order to understand the effects of body weight-bearing on knee joint bony contact movements, a video-fluoroscopic digitizing system with in vivo human knee extension-flexion motions of 12 healthy adults under body weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing conditions was studied. These 12 subjects were equally separated into two groups consisting of a body weight-bearing group and a non-weight-bearing group. Video-fluoroscopic images were digitized to get three parameters from the knee joint bony geometry. These three parameters were the radius of rotation, the are length of rotation, and the contact point of the tibiofemoral joint, and they were used to decide the knee joint bony contact status of the sliding, spinning and rocking motions. The results showed that the knee bony contact movements under body weight-bearing conditions had about 4 times the incidence rate of the sliding motion under non-weight-bearing conditions. The incidence rate of the sliding motion was greatest when the knee flexion was less than 30 degrees. The knee bony contact movements under non-weight-bearing conditions had a larger spinning motion incidence rate and smaller rocking motion incidence rate than they did under weight-bearing conditions. The larger spinning motion incidence rate when the knee joint flexion was greater than 60 degrees. In conclusion, the body weight-bearing factor should be considered in studying knee joint bony contact movements. PMID:9208483

  14. Parallel digital forensics infrastructure.

    SciTech Connect

    Liebrock, Lorie M.; Duggan, David Patrick

    2009-10-01

    This report documents the architecture and implementation of a Parallel Digital Forensics infrastructure. This infrastructure is necessary for supporting the design, implementation, and testing of new classes of parallel digital forensics tools. Digital Forensics has become extremely difficult with data sets of one terabyte and larger. The only way to overcome the processing time of these large sets is to identify and develop new parallel algorithms for performing the analysis. To support algorithm research, a flexible base infrastructure is required. A candidate architecture for this base infrastructure was designed, instantiated, and tested by this project, in collaboration with New Mexico Tech. Previous infrastructures were not designed and built specifically for the development and testing of parallel algorithms. With the size of forensics data sets only expected to increase significantly, this type of infrastructure support is necessary for continued research in parallel digital forensics. This report documents the implementation of the parallel digital forensics (PDF) infrastructure architecture and implementation.

  15. Weight Training for Wheelchair Sports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Practical Pointers, 1978

    1978-01-01

    The article examines weight lifting training procedures for persons involved in wheelchair sports. Popular myths about weight training are countered, and guidelines for a safe and sound weight or resistance training program are given. Diagrams and descriptions follow for specific weightlifting activities: regular or standing press, military press,…

  16. Hypnotherapy in Weight Loss Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Gordon; Friesen, John

    1986-01-01

    Investigated effects of hypnosis as a treatment for weight loss among women. The primary hypothesis that hypnosis is an effective treatment for weight loss was confirmed, but seven concomitant variables and the use of audiotapes were not significant contributors to weight loss. (Author/ABB)

  17. Proton Spin Sum Rule from Large Momentum Effective Field Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Yong; Ji, Xiangdong; Zhang, Jian-Hui

    2015-09-01

    In high energy scattering experiments, the proton spin is understood as the sum of the spin and orbital angular momentum of the quarks and gluons in Feynman's parton picture. The Jaffe-Manohar form of the proton spin sum rule is justified as physical, and it is shown that the individual terms can be related to the proton matrix elements of certain quasi-obervables through a large momentum effective field theory. The relation is expressed as a factorization formula where the leading contribution to the quasi-observable is factorized into the parton observables and perturbative matching coefficients, and we present the results for the latter at one-loop order in perturbation theory. This will provide us with the basis to extract the proton spin content from the lattice QCD calculations of the quasi-observables.

  18. Approximating amoebas and coamoebas by sums of squares

    E-print Network

    Theobald, Thorsten

    2011-01-01

    Amoebas and coamoebas are the logarithmic images of algebraic varieties and the images of algebraic varieties under the arg-map, respectively. We present new techniques for computational problems on amoebas and coamoebas, thus establishing new connections between (co-)amoebas, semialgebraic and convex algebraic geometry and semidefinite programming. Our approach is based on formulating the membership problem in amoebas (respectively coamoebas) as a suitable real algebraic feasibility problem. Using the real Nullstellensatz, this allows to tackle the problem by sums of squares techniques and semidefinite programming. Our method yields polynomial identities as certificates of non-containedness of a point in an amoeba or comaoeba. As main theoretical result, we establish some degree bounds on the polynomial certificates. Moreover, we provide some actual computations of amoebas based on the sums of squares approach.

  19. Ramanujan sums for signal processing of low-frequency noise.

    PubMed

    Planat, Michel; Rosu, Haret; Perrine, Serge

    2002-11-01

    An aperiodic (low-frequency) spectrum may originate from the error term in the mean value of an arithmetical function such as Möbius function or Mangoldt function, which are coding sequences for prime numbers. In the discrete Fourier transform the analyzing wave is periodic and not well suited to represent the low-frequency regime. In place we introduce a different signal processing tool based on the Ramanujan sums c(q)(n), well adapted to the analysis of arithmetical sequences with many resonances p/q. The sums are quasiperiodic versus the time n and aperiodic versus the order q of the resonance. Different results arise from the use of this Ramanujan-Fourier transform in the context of arithmetical and experimental signals. PMID:12513577

  20. Ramanujan sums for signal processing of low frequency noise

    E-print Network

    M. Planat; H. C. Rosu; S. Perrine

    2002-09-01

    An aperiodic (low frequency) spectrum may originate from the error term in the mean value of an arithmetical function such as M\\"obius function or Mangoldt function, which are coding sequences for prime numbers. In the discrete Fourier transform the analyzing wave is periodic and not well suited to represent the low frequency regime. In place we introduce a new signal processing tool based on the Ramanujan sums c_q(n), well adapted to the analysis of arithmetical sequences with many resonances p/q. The sums are quasi-periodic versus the time n of the resonance and aperiodic versus the order q of the resonance. New results arise from the use of this Ramanujan-Fourier transform (RFT) in the context of arithmetical and experimental signals

  1. Coincidence-Summing Corrections for Close Geometry Measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Gueray, R. Taygun

    2008-11-11

    For a given stellar temperature, nuclear reactions take place in the energy range of the Gamow window with the relatively low energies of the astrophysical interest for charged particle induced reactions. In order to measure the nuclear reaction cross sections with the activation method at projectile energies as low as possible, a gamma counting system that consists of Ge detectors and the irradiated target in close geometry is required. The presence of cascade transitions requires coincidence summing corrections that can not be ignored because of the very large solid angle. In this study, the determination of the summing correction factor and photopeak efficiency for a gamma spectrometer, as an example, composed of two Ge clover detectors in close geometry is briefly described.

  2. Eigenvalue statistics for the sum of two complex Wishart matrices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Santosh

    2014-09-01

    The sum of independent Wishart matrices, taken from distributions with unequal covariance matrices, plays a crucial role in multivariate statistics, and has applications in the fields of quantitative finance and telecommunication. However, analytical results concerning the corresponding eigenvalue statistics have remained unavailable, even for the sum of two Wishart matrices. This can be attributed to the complicated and rotationally noninvariant nature of the matrix distribution that makes extracting the information about eigenvalues a nontrivial task. Using a generalization of the Harish-Chandra-Itzykson-Zuber integral, we find exact solution to this problem for the complex Wishart case when one of the covariance matrices is proportional to the identity matrix, while the other is arbitrary. We derive exact and compact expressions for the joint probability density and marginal density of eigenvalues. The analytical results are compared with numerical simulations and we find perfect agreement.

  3. Otto Stern, the Gdh Sum Rule and Various Spin Crises

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drechsel, D.

    2001-02-01

    The history of spin and anomalous magnetic moment is full of puzzles and "crises" from the first observations in the 1920's to the present day. The Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule connects the anomalous magnetic moment with the helicity dependent cross section for photoproduction, and as such checks the internal consistency of our understanding of the nucleon spin structure. Various generalizations of the sum rule have been proposed for the case of virtual photons, thus interpolating from the real photon point to deep inelastic scattering. A series of recent and newly proposed experiments with beam and target/recoil polarization will study this transition between the coherent spin-dependent response and the incoherent response of the partons in the scaling region.

  4. Radial excitations of mesons and nucleons from QCD sum rules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Jin-Feng; Zhu, Shi-Lin

    2015-10-01

    Within the framework of QCD sum rules, we use the least-squares fitting method to investigate the first radial excitations of the nucleon and light mesons such as ? , K*, ? , and ? . The extracted masses of these radial excitations are consistent with the experimental data. In particular, we find that the decay constant of ? (1300 ), which is the first radial excitation of ? , is tiny and is strongly suppressed as a consequence of chiral symmetry.

  5. Optimal Sum-Rate of the Vector Gaussian CEO Problem

    E-print Network

    Ekrem, Ersen

    2012-01-01

    We study the vector Gaussian CEO problem, and obtain the optimal sum-rate that attains any given distortion. We show that the evaluation of the Berger-Tung inner bound with jointly Gaussian auxiliary random variables is optimal. We prove this optimality result by using channel enhancement in conjunction with a recent outer bound for the rate-distortion region of the vector Gaussian CEO problem.

  6. Model independent sum rules for strange form factors

    E-print Network

    Soon-Tae Hong

    2004-09-07

    We study chiral models with SU(3) group structure such as Skyrmion and chiral bag to yield theoretical predictions of proton strange form factor comparable to the recent experimental data of the SAMPLE Collaboration. For these predictions we formulate model independent sum rules for proton strange form factor in terms of baryon octet magnetic moments. We also investigate the Becci-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin symmetries associated with the St\\"uckelberg coordinates, ghosts and anti-ghosts involved in the Skyrmion model.

  7. A QCD Sum Rules Approach to Mixing of Hadrons

    SciTech Connect

    Aliev, T. M.; Ozpineci, A.; Zamiralov, V. S.

    2010-12-28

    A method for the calculation of the hadronic mixing angles using QCD sum rules is proposed. This method is then applied to predict the mixing angle between the heavy cascade hyperons {Xi}{sub Q} and {Xi}{sub Q}{sup '} where Q = c or Q = b. It is obtained the {theta}{sub b} = 6.4 deg. {+-}1.8 deg. and {theta}{sub c} = 5.5 deg. {+-}1.8 deg.

  8. Algebraic Riccati equations in zero-sum differential games

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, T. L.; Chao, A.

    1974-01-01

    The procedure for finding the closed-loop Nash equilibrium solution of two-player zero-sum linear time-invariant differential games with quadratic performance criteria and classical information pattern may be reduced in most cases to the solution of an algebraic Riccati equation. Based on the results obtained by Willems, necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of solutions to these equations are derived, and explicit conditions for a scalar example are given.

  9. Radial excitations of mesons and nucleons from QCD sum rules

    E-print Network

    Jin-Feng Jiang; Shi-Lin Zhu

    2015-10-10

    Within the framework QCD sum rules, we use the least square fitting method to investigate the first radial excitations of the nucleon and light mesons such as $\\rho$, $K^{*}$, $\\pi$ , $\\varphi$. The extracted masses of these radial excitations are consistent with the experimental data. Especially we find that the decay constant of $\\pi(1300)$, which is the the first radial excitation of $\\pi$, is tiny and strongly suppressed as a consequence of chiral symmetry.

  10. Relativistic and Nuclear Medium Effects on the Coulomb Sum Rule

    E-print Network

    Ian C. Cloët; Wolfgang Bentz; Anthony W. Thomas

    2015-06-19

    In light of the forthcoming high precision quasielastic electron scattering data from Jefferson Lab, it is timely for the various approaches to nuclear structure to make robust predictions for the associated response functions. With this in mind, we focus here on the longitudinal response function and the corresponding Coulomb sum rule for isospin-symmetric nuclear matter at various baryon densities. Using a quantum field-theoretic quark-level approach which preserves the symmetries of quantum chromodynamics, as well as exhibiting dynamical chiral symmetry breaking and quark confinement, we find a dramatic quenching of the Coulomb sum rule for momentum transfers $\\left|\\mathbf{q}\\right| \\gtrsim 0.5\\,$GeV. The main driver of this effect lies in changes to the proton Dirac form factor induced by the nuclear medium. Such a dramatic quenching of the Coulomb sum rule was not seen in a recent quantum Monte Carlo calculation for carbon, suggesting that the Jefferson Lab data may well shed new light on the explicit role of QCD in nuclei.

  11. Finite word length effects on digital filter implementation.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowman, J. D.; Clark, F. H.

    1972-01-01

    This paper is a discussion of two known techniques to analyze finite word length effects on digital filters. These techniques are extended to several additional programming forms and the results verified experimentally. A correlation of the analytical weighting functions for the two methods is made through the Mason Gain Formula.

  12. The Digital Carrot, the Digital Stick

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Gregory A.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author asserts that technology is not the answer to digital piracy at colleges and universities. Citing the three most common explanations given for copyright infringement--that students cannot always get what they want, cannot always use what they can get, or think the price of what they can get is unfair--he asserts that the…

  13. Computer program to perform cost and weight analysis of transport aircraft. Volume 1: Summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    A digital computer program for evaluating the weight and costs of advanced transport designs was developed. The resultant program, intended for use at the preliminary design level, incorporates both batch mode and interactive graphics run capability. The basis of the weight and cost estimation method developed is a unique way of predicting the physical design of each detail part of a vehicle structure at a time when only configuration concept drawings are available. In addition, the technique relies on methods to predict the precise manufacturing processes and the associated material required to produce each detail part. Weight data are generated in four areas of the program. Overall vehicle system weights are derived on a statistical basis as part of the vehicle sizing process. Theoretical weights, actual weights, and the weight of the raw material to be purchased are derived as part of the structural synthesis and part definition processes based on the computed part geometry.

  14. Holiday Weight Management by Successful Weight Losers and Normal Weight Individuals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phelan, Suzanne; Wing, Rena R.; Raynor, Hollie A.; Dibello, Julia; Nedeau, Kim; Peng, Wanfeng

    2008-01-01

    This study compared weight control strategies during the winter holidays among successful weight losers (SWL) in the National Weight Control Registry and normal weight individuals (NW) with no history of obesity. SWL (n = 178) had lost a mean of 34.9 kg and had kept greater than or equal to 13.6 kg off for a mean of 5.9 years. NW (n = 101) had a…

  15. 40 CFR 35.910-5 - Additional allotments of previously withheld sums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.910-5 Additional allotments of previously withheld sums. (a) A total sum of $9 billion...

  16. Sum decomposition of Mueller-matrix images and spectra of beetle cuticles.

    PubMed

    Arwin, H; Magnusson, R; Garcia-Caurel, E; Fallet, C; Järrendahl, K; Foldyna, M; De Martino, A; Ossikovski, R

    2015-02-01

    Spectral Mueller matrices measured at multiple angles of incidence as well as Mueller matrix images are recorded on the exoskeletons (cuticles) of the scarab beetles Cetonia aurata and Chrysina argenteola. Cetonia aurata is green whereas Chrysina argenteola is gold-colored. When illuminated with natural (unpolarized) light, both species reflect left-handed and near-circularly polarized light originating from helicoidal structures in their cuticles. These structures are referred to as circular Bragg reflectors. For both species the Mueller matrices are found to be nondiagonal depolarizers. The matrices are Cloude decomposed to a sum of non-depolarizing matrices and it is found that the cuticle optical response, in a first approximation can be described as a sum of Mueller matrices from an ideal mirror and an ideal circular polarizer with relative weights determined by the eigenvalues of the covariance matrices of the measured Mueller matrices. The spectral and image decompositions are consistent with each other. A regression-based decomposition of the spectral and image Mueller matrices is also presented whereby the basic optical components are assumed to be a mirror and a circular polarizer as suggested by the Cloude decomposition. The advantage with a regression decomposition compared to a Cloude decomposition is its better stability as the matrices in the decomposition are determined a priori. The origin of the depolarizing features are discussed but from present data it is not possible to conclude whether the two major components, the mirror and the circular polarizer are laterally separated in domains in the cuticle or if the depolarization originates from the intrinsic properties of the helicoidal structure. PMID:25836067

  17. Predicting objective function weights from patient anatomy in prostate IMRT treatment planning

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Taewoo Hammad, Muhannad; Chan, Timothy C. Y.; Craig, Tim; Sharpe, Michael B.; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, 148-150 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3S2; Techna Institute for the Advancement of Technology for Health, 124-100 College Street Toronto, Ontario M5G 1P5

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning typically combines multiple criteria into a single objective function by taking a weighted sum. The authors propose a statistical model that predicts objective function weights from patient anatomy for prostate IMRT treatment planning. This study provides a proof of concept for geometry-driven weight determination. Methods: A previously developed inverse optimization method (IOM) was used to generate optimal objective function weights for 24 patients using their historical treatment plans (i.e., dose distributions). These IOM weights were around 1% for each of the femoral heads, while bladder and rectum weights varied greatly between patients. A regression model was developed to predict a patient's rectum weight using the ratio of the overlap volume of the rectum and bladder with the planning target volume at a 1 cm expansion as the independent variable. The femoral head weights were fixed to 1% each and the bladder weight was calculated as one minus the rectum and femoral head weights. The model was validated using leave-one-out cross validation. Objective values and dose distributions generated through inverse planning using the predicted weights were compared to those generated using the original IOM weights, as well as an average of the IOM weights across all patients. Results: The IOM weight vectors were on average six times closer to the predicted weight vectors than to the average weight vector, usingl{sub 2} distance. Likewise, the bladder and rectum objective values achieved by the predicted weights were more similar to the objective values achieved by the IOM weights. The difference in objective value performance between the predicted and average weights was statistically significant according to a one-sided sign test. For all patients, the difference in rectum V54.3 Gy, rectum V70.0 Gy, bladder V54.3 Gy, and bladder V70.0 Gy values between the dose distributions generated by the predicted weights and IOM weights was less than 5 percentage points. Similarly, the difference in femoral head V54.3 Gy values between the two dose distributions was less than 5 percentage points for all but one patient. Conclusions: This study demonstrates a proof of concept that patient anatomy can be used to predict appropriate objective function weights for treatment planning. In the long term, such geometry-driven weights may serve as a starting point for iterative treatment plan design or may provide information about the most clinically relevant region of the Pareto surface to explore.

  18. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11... LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount... household” as the employee at the time of the employee's death. (Refer to § 234.21 for an explanation...

  19. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11... LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount... household” as the employee at the time of the employee's death. (Refer to § 234.21 for an explanation...

  20. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11... LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount... household” as the employee at the time of the employee's death. (Refer to § 234.21 for an explanation...

  1. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11... LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount... household” as the employee at the time of the employee's death. (Refer to § 234.21 for an explanation...

  2. 20 CFR 234.11 - 1974 Act lump-sum death payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. 234.11... LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS Lump-Sum Death Payment § 234.11 1974 Act lump-sum death payment. (a) The total amount... household” as the employee at the time of the employee's death. (Refer to § 234.21 for an explanation...

  3. 14 CFR 25.1519 - Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. 25.1519...Limitations § 25.1519 Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. The airplane weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution...

  4. 14 CFR 25.1519 - Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. 25.1519...Limitations § 25.1519 Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. The airplane weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution...

  5. 14 CFR 25.1519 - Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. 25.1519...Limitations § 25.1519 Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. The airplane weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution...

  6. 14 CFR 25.1519 - Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. 25.1519...Limitations § 25.1519 Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. The airplane weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution...

  7. 14 CFR 25.1519 - Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. 25.1519...Limitations § 25.1519 Weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution. The airplane weight, center of gravity, and weight distribution...

  8. Building Digital Libraries Made Easy: Toward Open Digital Libraries

    E-print Network

    Suleman, Hussein

    Building Digital Libraries Made Easy: Toward Open Digital Libraries Edward A. Fox, Hussein Suleman and Ming Luo Digital Library Research Laboratory, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24060 USA {fox, hussein, lming}@vt.edu http://www.dlib.vt.edu Abstract. Digital libraries (DLs) promote a sharing culture among

  9. Digital Library and Digital Reference Service: Integration and Mutual Complementarity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Jia

    2008-01-01

    Both the digital library and the digital reference service were invented and have been developed under the networked environment. Among their intersections, the fundamental thing is their symbiotic interest--serving the user in a more efficient way. The article starts by discussing the digital library and its service and the digital reference…

  10. Alexandria Digital Library Project The ADEPT Digital Library

    E-print Network

    Janée, Greg

    Alexandria Digital Library Project The ADEPT Digital Library Architecture Greg Janée gjanee@alexandria.ucsb.edu James Frew frew@bren.ucsb.edu #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project 2Greg Janée, James Frew · JCDL 2002 directions Status #12;Alexandria Digital Library Project 3Greg Janée, James Frew · JCDL 2002 · July 17, 2002

  11. Digital Citizenship Means Character Education for the Digital Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohler, Jason

    2011-01-01

    The reality of students' cyber lives has thrust upon educators a new approach: creating character education programs tuned to digital youth that are both proactive and aggressive. Taking this approach will help integrate students' digital activities within the context of the communities in which they live, both local and digital. The digital age…

  12. Digital Citizenship Means Character Education for the Digital Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohler, Jason

    2012-01-01

    The reality of students' cyber lives has thrust upon educators a new approach: creating character education programs tuned to digital youth that are proactive and aggressive. This will help integrate students' digital activities within the context of the communities in which they live, both local and digital. The digital age beckons a new era of…

  13. Digital sonar system

    DOEpatents

    Young, Kenneth K. (Seattle, WA); Wilkes, R. Jeffrey (Seattle, WA)

    1995-01-01

    A transponder of an active digital sonar system identifies a multifrequency underwater activating sonar signal received from a remote sonar transmitter. The transponder includes a transducer that receives acoustic waves, including the activating sonar signal, and generates an analog electrical receipt signal. The analog electrical receipt signal is converted to a digital receipt signal and cross-correlated with a digital transmission signal pattern corresponding to the activating sonar signal. A relative peak in the cross-correlation value is indicative of the activating sonar signal having been received by the transponder. In response to identifying the activating sonar signal, the transponder transmits a responding multifrequency sonar signal.

  14. Fast transient digitizer

    DOEpatents

    Villa, Francesco (Palo Alto, CA)

    1982-01-01

    Method and apparatus for sequentially scanning a plurality of target elements with an electron scanning beam modulated in accordance with variations in a high-frequency analog signal to provide discrete analog signal samples representative of successive portions of the analog signal; coupling the discrete analog signal samples from each of the target elements to a different one of a plurality of high speed storage devices; converting the discrete analog signal samples to equivalent digital signals; and storing the digital signals in a digital memory unit for subsequent measurement or display.

  15. Digital sonar system

    DOEpatents

    Young, K.K.; Wilkes, R.J.

    1995-11-21

    A transponder of an active digital sonar system identifies a multifrequency underwater activating sonar signal received from a remote sonar transmitter. The transponder includes a transducer that receives acoustic waves, including the activating sonar signal, and generates an analog electrical receipt signal. The analog electrical receipt signal is converted to a digital receipt signal and cross-correlated with a digital transmission signal pattern corresponding to the activating sonar signal. A relative peak in the cross-correlation value is indicative of the activating sonar signal having been received by the transponder. In response to identifying the activating sonar signal, the transponder transmits a responding multifrequency sonar signal. 4 figs.

  16. On the Optimal Sum Capacity for OFDM With On/Off Power Allocation and Imperfect Channel

    E-print Network

    Santipach, - Wiroonsak

    allocation, which is water-pouring across subchannels and then can relay set of power levels via a feedbackOn the Optimal Sum Capacity for OFDM With On/Off Power Allocation and Imperfect Channel Estimation power, which is a sum of total training power and a sum of equal transmission power on activated

  17. An Alternate Approach to Alternating Sums: A Method to DIE for

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjamin, Arthur T.; Quinn, Jennifer J.

    2008-01-01

    Positive sums count. Alternating sums match. Alternating sums of binomial coefficients, Fibonacci numbers, and other combinatorial quantities are analyzed using sign-reversing involutions. In particular, we describe the quantity being considered, match positive and negative terms through an Involution, and count the Exceptions to the matching rule…

  18. Row-Sum of a Class of M-Bonomial Coefficients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asiru, Muniru A.

    2011-01-01

    Formulae for row-sum of M-bonomial coefficients [image omitted] where G is an mth g-gonal number is developed from a study of the ratio between consecutive terms of the sequence of row-sum. The result generalizes the formula for row-sum of binomial coefficients: [image omitted].

  19. Optimal Direct Sum Results for Deterministic and Randomized Decision Tree Complexity

    E-print Network

    Rahul Jain; Hartmut Klauck; Miklos Santha

    2010-04-01

    A Direct Sum Theorem holds in a model of computation, when solving some k input instances together is k times as expensive as solving one. We show that Direct Sum Theorems hold in the models of deterministic and randomized decision trees for all relations. We also note that a near optimal Direct Sum Theorem holds for quantum decision trees for boolean functions.

  20. Applied Probability Trust (13 August 2010) LARGE DEVIATIONS FOR MINKOWSKI SUMS OF HEAVY-TAILED

    E-print Network

    Samorodnitsky, Gennady

    Applied Probability Trust (13 August 2010) LARGE DEVIATIONS FOR MINKOWSKI SUMS OF HEAVY-TAILED distribution. The result confirms the heavy-tailed large deviation heuristics: "large" values of the sum with heavy-tailed random elements. Large deviations results for sums of heavy-tailed random elements

  1. First Digit Law and Its Application to Digital Forensics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Yun Q.

    Digital data forensics, which gathers evidence of data composition, origin, and history, is crucial in our digital world. Although this new research field is still in its infancy stage, it has started to attract increasing attention from the multimedia-security research community. This lecture addresses the first digit law and its applications to digital forensics. First, the Benford and generalized Benford laws, referred to as first digit law, are introduced. Then, the application of first digit law to detection of JPEG compression history for a given BMP image and detection of double JPEG compressions are presented. Finally, applying first digit law to detection of double MPEG video compressions is discussed. It is expected that the first digit law may play an active role in other task of digital forensics. The lesson learned is that statistical models play an important role in digital forensics and for a specific forensic task different models may provide different performance.

  2. Determination of weighting functions for energy-weighted acquisition

    SciTech Connect

    DeVito, R.P.; Hamill, J.J. )

    1991-02-01

    Energy-weighted acquisition (EWA) is an image filtering technique, with a different spatial filter (weighting function) for each energy. The imaging characteristics of EWA are governed by the weighting functions used during the acquisition of the image. The determination of weighting functions is more complicated than the determination of energy windows in conventional imaging because the number of degrees of freedom is much greater. A methodology by which weighting functions can be produced is described. The weighting function is determined by minimizing a generalized chi-square with variable contributions from coefficients quantifying key image characteristics, e.g., signal-to-noise ratio, spatial resolution, and scatter fraction. Varying the importance of these characteristics gives us a workable function-generation tool, able to address a variety of clinical needs. The resulting weighting functions exhibit good scatter reduction properties at various scatter depths, as demonstrated by measurements of line source response functions in a scattering medium at depths from 5 to 14 cm. Energy weighting can also be used to compensate for collimator penetration from high energy gamma rays. Weighting functions are tested in the laboratory using both planar and SPECT phantoms.

  3. Video telehealth for weight maintenance of African-American women.

    PubMed

    Gerber, Ben S; Schiffer, Linda; Brown, Allison A; Berbaum, Michael L; Rimmer, James H; Braunschweig, Carol L; Fitzgibbon, Marian L

    2013-07-01

    We evaluated the effect of home telehealth on weight maintenance after a group-based weight loss programme. The home telehealth intervention comprised telephone counselling and home Internet-enabled digital video recorders (DVRs) with three channels of video programmes. The video content provided reinforcement and support to promote problem solving, prevent relapse and sustain motivation. Eighty-eight obese or overweight African-American women were randomized to receive monthly telephone counselling (control) or the home telehealth intervention. The weight change during maintenance was not significant in either group (0.6 kg in the intervention group, 0.0 kg in the control group), and there was no significant difference between them. Changes in diet, physical activity, social support and self-efficacy during the maintenance period did not differ significantly between groups. DVR use was low: during the intervention, the number of valid DVR viewings ranged from zero to 42 per person. DVR use was positively associated with previous attendance at the weight loss classes. Home video-based telehealth is a new method of delivering a weight loss maintenance intervention to African-American women. It had no effect on weight maintenance in the present study. PMID:24163236

  4. Supporting Relationships in Digital Libraries

    E-print Network

    Supporting Relationships in Digital Libraries Trond Aalberg Department of Computer and Information The motivation for this work is based on two recognized research issues for digital libraries. One is the need importance. The other is the service- oriented architecture of digital libraries. The digital libraries

  5. DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide

    E-print Network

    DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide Date: September, 1997 Software Version: DIGITAL Visual on Intel® Systems Microsoft Windows NT on Windows 95® Systems Digital Equipment Corporation Maynard, Massachusetts 1 of 1 9/4/97 3:15 PM #12;Copyright Page Digital Equipment Corporation makes no representations

  6. DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide

    E-print Network

    DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide Date: December, 1998 Software Version: DIGITAL Visual 98, or Windows NT® Version 4 Digital Equipment Corporation Maynard, Massachusetts #12;Copyright Page Digital Equipment Corporation makes no representations that the use of its products in the manner

  7. Digital Imaging by Hany Farid

    E-print Network

    Bucci, David J.

    Digital Imaging by Hany Farid In 1969 the Apollo 11 astronauts landed on the moon, the Woodstock gave rise to digital imaging. By replacing the traditional film with an electronic CCD sensor, digital in your pocket. This entry describes the capture, storage and manipulation of digital images. Formation

  8. DIGITAL Visual Fortran Language Reference

    E-print Network

    DIGITAL Visual Fortran Language Reference Date: December, 1998 Software Version: DIGITAL Visual 98, or Windows NT® Version 4 Digital Equipment Corporation Maynard, Massachusetts 8/26/98 12:06 PM #12;Copyright Page Digital Equipment Corporation makes no representations that the use of its products

  9. DIGITAL Visual Fortran Error Messages

    E-print Network

    DIGITAL Visual Fortran Error Messages Date: September, 1998 Software Version: DIGITAL Visual 98, or Windows NT® Version 4 Digital Equipment Corporation Maynard, Massachusetts 8/25/98 5:23 PM #12;Copyright Page Digital Equipment Corporation makes no representations that the use of its products

  10. Escaping the Digital Dark Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brand, Stewart

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the loss of stored knowledge due to the continuous obsolescence of digital formats and platforms. Topics include digital storage versus digital preservation; the use of metadata and efforts to create standards for it; information on the Internet; and the need for long-term planning to solve digital degradation. (LRW)

  11. Tertiary Storage Digital Video Archives

    E-print Network

    for Digital Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.3 Digital Video Compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.3.1 Standards for Digital Video Compression . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 Storage TechnologiesTertiary Storage in Digital Video Archives Olav Sandst°a Department of Computer and Information

  12. Digital ac monitor

    DOEpatents

    Hart, George W. (Natick, MA); Kern, Jr., Edward C. (Lincoln, MA)

    1987-06-09

    An apparatus and method is provided for monitoring a plurality of analog ac circuits by sampling the voltage and current waveform in each circuit at predetermined intervals, converting the analog current and voltage samples to digital format, storing the digitized current and voltage samples and using the stored digitized current and voltage samples to calculate a variety of electrical parameters; some of which are derived from the stored samples. The non-derived quantities are repeatedly calculated and stored over many separate cycles then averaged. The derived quantities are then calculated at the end of an averaging period. This produces a more accurate reading, especially when averaging over a period in which the power varies over a wide dynamic range. Frequency is measured by timing three cycles of the voltage waveform using the upward zero crossover point as a starting point for a digital timer.

  13. Preservation of Digital Objects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galloway, Patricia

    2004-01-01

    Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to preservation of digital objects: practical examples; stakeholders; recordkeeping standards; genre-specific problems; trusted repository standards; preservation methods; preservation metadata standards; and future directions. (Contains 82 references.) (MES)

  14. Digital ac monitor

    DOEpatents

    Hart, G.W.; Kern, E.C. Jr.

    1987-06-09

    An apparatus and method is provided for monitoring a plurality of analog ac circuits by sampling the voltage and current waveform in each circuit at predetermined intervals, converting the analog current and voltage samples to digital format, storing the digitized current and voltage samples and using the stored digitized current and voltage samples to calculate a variety of electrical parameters; some of which are derived from the stored samples. The non-derived quantities are repeatedly calculated and stored over many separate cycles then averaged. The derived quantities are then calculated at the end of an averaging period. This produces a more accurate reading, especially when averaging over a period in which the power varies over a wide dynamic range. Frequency is measured by timing three cycles of the voltage waveform using the upward zero crossover point as a starting point for a digital timer. 24 figs.

  15. Digital Micrography Ron Maharik

    E-print Network

    Kazhdan, Michael

    ]: Arts and Humanities Keywords: calligraphy, micrography, digital typography Links: DL PDF VIDEO 1 by British book designer Thomas James Cobden-Sanderson: "The whole duty of Typography, as of Calligraphy

  16. Electronic digital materials

    E-print Network

    Langford, William Kai

    2014-01-01

    Digital materials are constructions assembled from a small number of types of discrete building blocks; they represent a new way of building functional, multi-material, three-dimensional structures. In this thesis, I focus ...

  17. 1998 Digital Avionics Highlights

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Polites, Michael E.

    1998-01-01

    This article summarizes the highlights of recent events and developments in digital avionics in space, aircraft, and weapons. The article is about 1,200 words long. Information for the article was collected from members of the Digital Avionics Technical Committee of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. This information was previously cleared by the members' parent organization. Information for the article was also gathered from Aviation Week and Space Technology and similar sources.

  18. Survey of digital filtering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nagle, H. T., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    A three part survey is made of the state-of-the-art in digital filtering. Part one presents background material including sampled data transformations and the discrete Fourier transform. Part two, digital filter theory, gives an in-depth coverage of filter categories, transfer function synthesis, quantization and other nonlinear errors, filter structures and computer aided design. Part three presents hardware mechanization techniques. Implementations by general purpose, mini-, and special-purpose computers are presented.

  19. Digital Image Velocimetry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cho, Y. C.

    1991-01-01

    Proposed technique for production of velocity maps from sequences of photographic video images of flows seeded with small particles. In digital image velocimetry, image analyzed by digital Fourier tranformation. Process free of noise, more precise, and consumes less time. Eliminates need to process photographs, indicates directions of velocity vectors unambiguously, and offers increased dynamic ranges. Because all processing performed electronically, eventually capable of mapping flow-velocity fields in real time.

  20. Digital occlusal splints.

    PubMed

    Lauren, Mark; McIntyre, Fred

    2008-02-01

    A new digital process for producing occlusal splints is described. The process mirrors conventional restorative CAD/CAM systems consisting of scanning, customized CAD design, and machining. The method provides precise and consistent digital control over articulation and design parameters, and is suitable for mounted and unmounted cases. With over 2,500 beta cases to date, an overall reduction in adjustment time has been generally reported. PMID:18330201

  1. Quantitative metrics of stove adoption using Stove Use Monitors (SUMs)

    PubMed Central

    Ruiz-Mercado, Ilse; Canuz, Eduardo; Walker, Joan L.; Smith, Kirk R.

    2014-01-01

    The sustained use of cookstoves that are introduced to reduce fuel use or air pollution needs to be objectively monitored to verify the sustainability of these benefits. Quantifying stove adoption requires affordable tools, scalable methods and validated metrics of usage. We quantified the longitudinal patterns of chimney-stove use of 80 households in rural Guatemala, monitored with Stove Use Monitors (SUMs) during 32 months. We counted daily meals and days in use at each monitoring period and defined metrics like the percent stove-days in use (the fraction of days in use from all stoves and days monitored). Using robust Poisson regressions we detected small seasonal variations in stove usage, with peaks in the warm-dry season at 92% stove-days (95%CI: 87%,97%) and 2.56 average daily meals (95%CI: 2.40,2.74). With respect to these values, the percent stove-days in use decreased by 3% and 4% during the warm-rainy and cold-dry periods respectively, and the daily meals by 5% and 12% respectively. Cookstove age and household size at baseline did not affect usage. Qualitative indicators of use from recall questionnaires were consistent with SUMs measurements, indicating stable sustained use and questionnaire accuracy. These results reflect optimum conditions for cookstove adoption and for monitoring in this project, which may not occur in disseminations undertaken elsewhere. The SUMs measurements suggests that 90% stove-days is a more realistic best-case for sustained use than the 100% often assumed. Half of sample reported continued use of open-cookfires, highlighting the critical need to verify reduction of open-fire practices in stove disseminations. PMID:25258474

  2. Digital Elevation Models

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1993-01-01

    The Earth Science Information Center (ESIC) distributes digital cartographic/geographic data files produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of the National Mapping Program. Digital cartographic data files may be grouped into four basic types. The first of these, called a Digital Line Graph (DLG), is the line map information in digital form. These data files include information on base data categories, such as transportation, hypsography, hydrography, and boundaries. The second type, called a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), consists of a sampled array of elevations for a number of ground positions at regularly spaced intervals. The third type is Land Use and Land Cover digital data which provides information on nine major classes of land use such as urban, agricultural, or forest as well as associated map data such as political units and Federal land ownership. The fourth type, the Geographic Names Information System, provides primary information for all known places, features, and areas in the United States identified by a proper name.

  3. A resolution of the puzzle of low V_us values from inclusive flavor-breaking sum rule analyses of hadronic tau decay

    E-print Network

    R. J. Hudspith; R. Lewis; K. Maltman; C. E. Wolfe; J. Zanotti

    2015-11-26

    Continuum and lattice methods are used to investigate systematic issues in the sum rule determination of $V_{us}$ using inclusive hadronic $\\tau$ decay data. Results for $V_{us}$ employing assumptions for $D>4$ OPE contributions used in previous conventional implementations of this approach are shown to display unphysical dependence on the sum rule weight, $w$, and choice of upper limit, $s_0$, of the relevant experimental spectral integrals. Continuum and lattice results suggest a new implementation of the sum rule approach with not just $\\vert V_{us}\\vert$, but also $D>4$ effective condensates, fit to data. Lattice results are also shown to provide a quantitative assessment of truncation uncertainties for the slowly converging $D=2$ OPE series. The new sum rule implementation yields $\\vert V_{us}\\vert$ results free of unphysical $s_0$- and $w$-dependences and $\\sim 0.0020$ higher than that obtained using the conventional implementation. With preliminary new experimental results for the $K\\pi$ branching fraction, the resulting $\\vert V_{us}\\vert$ is in excellent agreement with that based on $K_{\\ell 3}$, and compatible within errors with expectations from three-family unitarity.

  4. 3He Spin-Dependent Cross Sections and Sum Rules

    SciTech Connect

    Slifer, Karl; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Auerbach, Leonard; Averett, Todd; Berthot, J.; Bertin, Pierre; Bertozzi, William; Black, Tim; Brash, Edward; Brown, D.; Burtin, Etienne; Calarco, John; Cates, Gordon; Chai, Zhengwei; Chen, Jian-Ping; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, Eugene; Ciofi, Claudio; Cisbani, Evaristo; De Jager, Cornelis; Deur, Alexandre; DiSalvo, R.; Dieterich, Sonja; Djawotho, Pibero; Finn, John; Fissum, Kevin; Fonvieille, Helene; Frullani, Salvatore; Gao, Haiyan; Gao, Juncai; Garibaldi, Franco; Gasparian, Ashot; Gilad, Shalev; Gilman, Ronald; Glamazdin, Oleksandr; Glashausser, Charles; Glockle, W.; Golak, J.; Goldberg, Emma; Gomez, Javier; Gorbenko, Viktor; Hansen, Jens-Ole; Hersman, F.; Holmes, Richard; Huber, Garth; Hughes, Emlyn; Humensky, Thomas; Incerti, Sebastien; Iodice, Mauro; Jensen, S.; Jiang, Xiaodong; Jones, C.; Jones, G.; Jones, Mark; Jutier, Christophe; Kamada, H.; Ketikyan, Armen; Kominis, Ioannis; Korsch, Wolfgang; Kramer, Kevin; Kumar, Krishna; Kumbartzki, Gerfried; Kuss, Michael; Lakuriqi, Enkeleida; Laveissiere, Geraud; LeRose, John; Liang, Meihua; Liyanage, Nilanga; Lolos, George; Malov, Sergey; Marroncle, Jacques; McCormick, Kathy; McKeown, Robert; Meziani, Zein-Eddine; Michaels, Robert; Mitchell, Joseph; Nogga, Andreas; Pace, Emanuele; Papandreou, Zisis; Pavlin, Tina; Petratos, Gerassimos; Pripstein, David; Prout, David; Ransome, Ronald; Roblin, Yves; Rowntree, David; Rvachev, Marat; Sabatie, Franck; Saha, Arunava; Salme, Giovanni; SCOPETTA, S.; Skibinski, R.; Souder, Paul; Saito, Teijiro; Strauch, Steffen; Suleiman, Riad; Takahashi, Kazunori; Todor, Luminita; Tsubota, Hiroaki; Ueno, Hiroaki; Urciuoli, Guido; van der Meer, Rob; Vernin, Pascal; Voskanyan, Hakob; Witala, Henryk; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Xiong, Feng; Xu, Wang; Yang, Jae-Choon; Zhang, Bin; Zolnierczuk, Piotr

    2008-07-01

    We present a measurement of the spin-dependent cross sections for the \\vec{^3He}(\\vec{e},e')X} reaction in the quasielastic and resonance regions at four-momentum transfer 0.1 < Q^2< 0.9 GeV^2. The spin-structure functions have been extracted and used to evaluate the nuclear Burkhardt--Cottingham and extended GDH sum rules for the first time. Impulse approximation and exact three-body Faddeev calculations are also compared to the data in the quasielastic region.

  5. Binomial coefficient-harmonic sum identities associated to supercongruences

    E-print Network

    McCarthy, Dermot

    2012-01-01

    We establish two binomial coefficient--generalized harmonic sum identities using the partial fraction decomposition method. These identities are a key ingredient in the proofs of numerous supercongruences. In particular, in other works of the author, they are used to establish modulo $p^k$ ($k>1$) congruences between truncated generalized hypergeometric series, and a function which extends Greene's hypergeometric function over finite fields to the $p$-adic setting. A specialization of one of these congruences is used to prove an outstanding conjecture of Rodriguez-Villegas which relates a truncated generalized hypergeometric series to the $p$-th Fourier coefficient of a particular modular form.

  6. Spin content of {lambda} in QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Erkol, Gueray; Oka, Makoto

    2009-06-01

    We calculate the isoscalar axial-vector coupling constants of the {lambda} hyperon using the method of QCD sum rules. A determination of these coupling constants reveals the individual contributions of the u, d, and the s quarks to the spin content of {lambda}. Our results for the light-quark contributions are in agreement with those from experiment assuming flavor SU(3). We also find that the flavor-SU(3)-breaking effects are small and the contributions from the u and the d quarks to the {lambda} polarization are negatively polarized as in the flavor-SU(3) limit.

  7. Justifying the naive partonic sum rule for proton spin

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Ji, Xiangdong; Zhang, Jian-Hui; Zhao, Yong

    2015-04-01

    We provide a theoretical basis for understanding the spin structure of the proton in terms of the spin and orbital angular momenta of free quarks and gluons in Feynman’s parton picture. We show that each term in the Jaffe–Manohar spin sum rule can be related to the matrix element of a gauge-invariant, but frame-dependent operator through a matching formula in large-momentum effective field theory. We present all the matching conditions for the spin content at one-loop order in perturbation theory, which provide a basis to calculate parton orbital angular momentum in lattice QCD at leading logarithmic accuracy.

  8. Justifying the Naive Partonic Sum Rule for Proton Spin

    E-print Network

    Xiangdong Ji; Jian-Hui Zhang; Yong Zhao

    2015-03-11

    We provide a theoretical basis for understanding the spin structure of the proton in terms of the spin and orbital angular momenta of free quarks and gluons in Feynman's parton picture. We show that each term in the Jaffe-Manohar spin sum rule can be related to the matrix element of a gauge-invariant, but frame-dependent operator through a matching formula in large-momentum effective field theory. We present all the matching conditions for the spin content at one-loop order in perturbation theory, which provide a basis to calculate parton orbital angular momentum in lattice QCD at leading logarithmic accuracy.

  9. Digital Libraries - Meeting the Challenges

    E-print Network

    Warner, Beth Forrest

    2001-02-27

    stream_size 6799 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Digital Libraries _ Meeting the Challenges.ppt.txt stream_source_info Digital Libraries _ Meeting the Challenges.ppt.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text.../plain; charset=UTF-8 Digital Libraries – Meeting the Challenges Beth Forrest Warner Digital Library Challenges Are … … not just Digital Library challenges They are many of the same challenges facing libraries and scholarly communication...

  10. Testbench of shaper-digitizer modules for Belle II calorimeter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vorobyev, V.; Kuzmin, A.; Matvienko, D.; Vinokurova, A.

    2014-08-01

    The design and construction work of the Belle II detector subsystems, including its electromagnetic calorimeter, is ongoing. The modification of the calorimeter includes the development of new electronics based on specially developed shaper-digitizer-signal-processing (Shaper DSP) modules. A shaper DSP module performs signal shaping, digitization, waveform analysis and provides a fast sum signal for trigger. The calorimeter includes 576 Shaper DSP modules. Recently mass-production stage started and the complete performance test for all modules is now necessary. To test a workability of modules and measure their parameters, a specialized testbench has been developed. The testbench allows one to study the signal shape, fast output, deviations from linearity, noise level and DSP logic. All test results are recorded in the database and some of them have graphical representation.

  11. Digital image motion correction by spatial warp methods.

    PubMed

    Pickens, D R; Price, R R; Erickson, J J; James, A E

    1987-01-01

    A technique for correction of motion between images which are obtained in high-speed digital subtraction or cine angiographic acquisitions is being tested. The method is based on the application of quadratic polynomial equations which transform one image so that it matches a reference image. Images which have been processed in this manner can be summed to improve the signal-to-noise ratios over individual images. The technique for motion correction currently being tested uses operator interaction to establish the appropriate polynomial transformation. An operator selects fiducial (reference) points on an image which will be the reference. Then he selects the corresponding fiducial points on the image to be processed. The algorithm calculates the coefficients of a pair of quadratic polynomial equations and applies them to each pixel in the image. Results demonstrate the application of the technique in phantoms and in digitized cine angiograms. PMID:3561337

  12. Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distributions in Synthetic Polymers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Thomas Carl

    1981-01-01

    Focuses on molecular weight and molecular weight distributions (MWD) and models for predicting MWD in a pedagogical way. In addition, instrumental methods used to characterize MWD are reviewed with emphasis on physical chemistry of each, including end-group determination, osmometry, light scattering, solution viscosity, fractionation, and…

  13. Socioeconomic Disparities in Emerging Adult Weight and Weight Behaviors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanKim, Nicole A.; Laska, Melissa N.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To explore weight, weight behaviors, and tobacco and alcohol use among emerging adults by parental education and financial strain. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses of 2010 survey data from an urban Minnesota public 4-year university and 2-year community college (n=1201). Results: Low parental education was associated with lower…

  14. Nutrition for Disease States Anorexia nervosa Weight restoration Weight

    E-print Network

    California at San Diego, University of

    . · During hospitalization, AN patients tend to require escalating caloric intake in order to maintain a 1 consumed. Daily essential macronutrient re- quirements to maintain weight are 110­140 g of carbohydrates, 15­20 g of essential fatty acids and 1 g of protein per kilogram of body weight in adults

  15. Shuttle to Shuttle 2: Subsystem weight reduction potential (estimated 1992 technology readiness date)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Macconochie, Ian O.

    1988-01-01

    The objective of this study was to make estimates of the weight savings that might be realized on all the subsystems on an advanced rocket-powered shuttle (designated Shuttle 2) by using advanced technologies having a projected maturity date of 1992. The current Shuttle with external tank was used as a baseline from which to make the estimates of weight savings on each subsystem. The subsystems with the greatest potential for weight reduction are the body shell and the thermal protection system. For the body shell, a reduction of 5.2 percent in the weight of the vehicle at main engine cutoff is projected through the application of new technologies, and an additional configuration-based reduction of 5 percent is projected through simplification of body shape. A reduction of 5 percent is projected for the thermal protection system through experience with the current Space Shuttle and the potential for reducing thermal protection system thicknesses in selected areas. Main propellant tanks are expected to increase slightly in weight. The main propulsion system is also projected to increase in weight because of the requirement to operate engines at derated power levels in order to accommodate one-engine-out capability. The projections for weight reductions through improvements in the remaining subsystems are relatively small. By summing all the technology factors, a projected reduction of 16 percent in the vehicle weight at main engine cutoff is obtained. By summarizing the configurational factors, a potential reduction of 12 percent in vehicle weight is obtained.

  16. Detection of signals by weighted integrate-and-dump filter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sadr, R.

    1987-01-01

    A Weighted Integrate and Dump Filter (WIDF) is presented that results in reducing those losses in telemetry symbol signal to noise ratio (SNR) which occur in digital Integrate and Dump Filters (IDFs) when the samples are not phase locked to the input data symbol clock. The Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) criterion is used to derive a set of weights for approximating the analog integrate and dump filter, which is the matched filter for detection of signals in additive white Gaussian noise. This new digital matched filter results in considerable performance improvement compared to unweighted digital matched filters. An example is presented for a sampling rate of four times the symbol rate. As the sampling offset (or phase) varies with respect to the data symbol boundaries, the output SNR varies 1 dB for an unweighted IDF, but only 0.3 dB for the optimum WIDF, averaged over random data patterns. This improvement in performance relative to unweighted IDF means that significantly lower sampling and processing rates can be used for given telemetry symbol rates, resulting in reduced system cost.

  17. Summary of Series Convergence/Divergence Theorems A partial sum sn is defined as the sum of terms of a sequence {ak}. For instance,

    E-print Network

    Barge, Marcy

    Summary of Series Convergence/Divergence Theorems A partial sum sn is defined as the sum of terms np converges. Otherwise the series diverges. Divergence Test (DT) If limn an = 0 then the series n=1 on x k. Then n=k an and k f(x)dx either both converge or both diverge. #12;Comparison Test (CT) 0

  18. Kinetic energy sum spectra in nonmesonic weak decay of hypernuclei

    E-print Network

    Cesar Barbero; Alfredo P. Galeao; Mahir S. Hussein; Francisco Krmpotic

    2008-10-17

    We evaluate the coincidence spectra in the nonmesonic weak decay (NMWD) $\\Lambda N\\go nN$ of $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei $^{4}_\\Lambda$He, $^{5}_\\Lambda$He, $^{12}_\\Lambda$C, $^{16}_\\Lambda$O, and $^{28}_\\Lambda$Si, as a function of the sum of kinetic energies $E_{nN}=E_n+E_N$ for $N=n,p$. The strangeness-changing transition potential is described by the one-meson-exchange model, with commonly used parameterization. Two versions of the Independent-Particle Shell Model (IPSM) are employed to account for the nuclear structure of the final residual nuclei. They are: (a) IPSM-a, where no correlation, except for the Pauli principle, is taken into account, and (b) IPSM-b, where the highly excited hole states are considered to be quasi-stationary and are described by Breit-Wigner distributions, whose widths are estimated from the experimental data. All $np$ and $nn$ spectra exhibit a series of peaks in the energy interval 110 MeV $kinetic energy sum spectra in the NMWD. It is in comparison to this picture that one should appraise the effects of the final state interactions and of the two-nucleon-induced decay mode.

  19. Residue theorem and summing over Kaluza-Klein excitations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Tai-Fu; Chen, Jian-Bin; Gao, Tie-Jun; Sun, Ke-Sheng

    2011-11-01

    Applying the equations of motion together with corresponding boundary conditions of bulk profiles at infrared and ultraviolet branes, we verify some lemmas on the eigenvalues of Kaluza-Klein modes in extension of the standard model with a warped extra dimension and the custodial symmetry SU(3)c×SU(2)L×SU(2)R×U(1)X×PLR. Using the lemmas and performing properly analytic extensions of bulk profiles, we present the sufficient condition for a convergent series of Kaluza-Klein excitations and sum over the series through the residue theorem. The method can also be applied to sum over the infinite series of Kaluza-Klein excitations in a universal extra dimension. Furthermore, we analyze the possible connection between the propagators in five-dimensional full theory and the product of bulk profiles with corresponding propagators of exciting Kaluza-Klein modes in four-dimensional effective theory, and recover some relations presented in the literature for warped and universal extra dimensions, respectively. As an example, we present the correction from new physics to the branching ratio of B¯?Xs? to the order O(?EW2/?KK2) in extension of the standard model with a warped extra dimension and the custodial symmetry, where ?KK denotes the energy scale of low-lying Kaluza-Klein excitations and ?EW denotes the electroweak energy scale.

  20. Connections between chiral Lagrangians and QCD sum-rules

    E-print Network

    Amir H. Fariborz; A. Pokraka; T. G. Steele

    2015-05-20

    It is shown how a chiral Lagrangian framework can be used to derive relationships connecting quark-level QCD correlation functions to mesonic-level two-point functions. Crucial ingredients of this connection are scale factor matrices relating each distinct quark-level substructure (e.g., quark-antiquark, four-quark) to its mesonic counterpart. The scale factors and mixing angles are combined into a projection matrix to obtain the physical (hadronic) projection of the QCD correlation function matrix. Such relationships provide a powerful bridge between chiral Lagrangians and QCD sum-rules that are particularly effective in studies of the substructure of light scalar mesons with multiple complicated resonance shapes and substantial underlying mixings. The validity of these connections is demonstrated for the example of the isotriplet $a_0(980)$-$a_0(1450)$ system, resulting in an unambiguous determination of the scale factors from the combined inputs of QCD sum-rules and chiral Lagrangians. These scale factors lead to a remarkable agreement between the quark condensates in QCD and the mesonic vacuum expectation values that induce spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in chiral Lagrangians. This concrete example shows a clear sensitivity to the underlying $a_0$-system mixing angle, illustrating the value of this methodology in extensions to more complicated mesonic systems.

  1. Sum-Frequency Generation from Chiral Media and Interfaces

    SciTech Connect

    Ji, Na

    2006-02-13

    Sum frequency generation (SFG), a second-order nonlinear optical process, is electric-dipole forbidden in systems with inversion symmetry. As a result, it has been used to study chiral media and interfaces, systems intrinsically lacking inversion symmetry. This thesis describes recent progresses in the applications of and new insights into SFG from chiral media and interfaces. SFG from solutions of chiral amino acids is investigated, and a theoretical model explaining the origin and the strength of the chiral signal in electronic-resonance SFG spectroscopy is discussed. An interference scheme that allows us to distinguish enantiomers by measuring both the magnitude and the phase of the chiral SFG response is described, as well as a chiral SFG microscope producing chirality-sensitive images with sub-micron resolution. Exploiting atomic and molecular parity nonconservation, the SFG process is also used to solve the Ozma problems. Sum frequency vibrational spectroscopy is used to obtain the adsorption behavior of leucine molecules at air-water interfaces. With poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a model system, we extend the application of this surface-sensitive vibrational spectroscopy to fluorine-containing polymers.

  2. Proof of uniform sampling of binary matrices with fixed row sums and column sums for the fast Curveball algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carstens, C. J.

    2015-04-01

    Randomization of binary matrices has become one of the most important quantitative tools in modern computational biology. The equivalent problem of generating random directed networks with fixed degree sequences has also attracted a lot of attention. However, it is very challenging to generate truly unbiased random matrices with fixed row and column sums. Strona et al. [Nat. Commun. 5, 4114 (2014), 10.1038/ncomms5114] introduce the innovative Curveball algorithm and give numerical support for the proposition that it generates truly random matrices. In this paper, we present a rigorous proof of convergence to the uniform distribution. Furthermore, we show the Curveball algorithm must include certain failed trades to ensure uniform sampling.

  3. Fundamental Weights, Permutation Weights and Weyl Character Formula

    E-print Network

    Hasan R. Karadayi; Meltem Gungormez

    1998-12-11

    For a finite Lie algebra $G_N$ of rank N, the Weyl orbits $W(\\Lambda^{++})$ of strictly dominant weights $\\Lambda^{++}$ contain $dimW(G_N)$ number of weights where $dimW(G_N)$ is the dimension of its Weyl group $W(G_N)$. For any $W(\\Lambda^{++})$, there is a very peculiar subset $\\wp(\\Lambda^{++})$ for which we always have $$ dim\\wp(\\Lambda^{++})=dimW(G_N)/dimW(A_{N-1}) . $$ For any dominant weight $ \\Lambda^+ $, the elements of $\\wp(\\Lambda^+)$ are called {\\bf Permutation Weights}. It is shown that there is a one-to-one correspondence between elements of $\\wp(\\Lambda^{++})$ and $\\wp(\\rho)$ where $\\rho$ is the Weyl vector of $G_N$. The concept of signature factor which enters in Weyl character formula can be relaxed in such a way that signatures are preserved under this one-to-one correspondence in the sense that corresponding permutation weights have the same signature. Once the permutation weights and their signatures are specified for a dominant $\\Lambda^+$, calculation of the character $ChR(\\Lambda^+)$ for irreducible representation $R(\\Lambda^+)$ will then be provided by $A_N$ multiplicity rules governing generalized Schur functions. The main idea is again to express everything in terms of the so-called {\\bf Fundamental Weights} with which we obtain a quite relevant specialization in applications of Weyl character formula.

  4. Digital Circularity and Its Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhowmick, Partha; Bera, Sahadev; Bhattacharya, Bhargab B.

    This paper presents a brief survey of some recently discovered properties of digital circles, digital discs, and digital surfaces of revolution, which are related with many theoretical challenges in the digital space and have diverse applications in image processing, pattern recognition, and computer graphics. These digital-geometric properties are helpful in today's context of digital revolution to eliminate the inherent discrepancies and limitations of real circles in solving various problems on characterization, construction, reconstruction, and segmentation of digital circles/discs. As a very contemporary problem, we have discussed why and how the notion of digital circularity leads to an efficient and algorithm-friendly interpretation for segmentation and parametrization of circular arcs from graphic regions in a digital document. Another problem is generating a digital surface of revolution, which needs detecting and fixing the absentee voxels in the 3D digital space in order to ensure the irreducibility and continuity of the voxel-surface of revolution. The pattern of absentee voxels in such a surface corresponds to that of absentee pixels in a cover of digital disc with concentric digital circles. Experimental results demonstrate the impact and effectiveness of digital circularity on all these state-of-the-art practices.

  5. Overweight, Obesity and Weight Control

    PubMed Central

    Alexander, Marie M.; Stare, Fredrick J.

    1967-01-01

    Evidence is cited showing that overweight is a health hazard, but that this is primarily true only when the excess weight is due to an excess accumulation of adipose tissue. Diagnosis of frank obesity should be established by a careful interpretation of height-weight tables and of all other pertinent data. Although many factors play an etiologic role, obesity can occur only when caloric intake exceeds caloric output, and can be obviated only when this imbalance is reversed. Therefore prevention of weight gain, which should receive increasing attention, and also satisfactory weight loss, both require that caloric output be increased through added physical activity and that caloric intake be decreased through diminished consumption. Success depends on recognizing the fallacy of all misleading misinformation, and on establishing permanent habits of regular exercise and of moderation in eating and drinking. Suggestions are made that can be effective guidelines to a commonsense program of weight control. PMID:6045471

  6. When does weight matter most?

    PubMed

    Chen, Alice J

    2012-01-01

    Past empirical work establishes a wage penalty from being overweight. In this paper, I exploit variation in an individual's weight over time to determine the age when weight has the largest impact on labor market outcomes. For white men, controlling for weight at younger ages does not eliminate the effect of older adult weight on wage: being overweight as a young adult only adds an additional penalty to adult wages. However, for white women, what they weigh in their early twenties solely determines the existence of an adult wage penalty. The female early-twenties weight penalty has a persistent effect on wages, and differences in marital characteristics, occupation status, or education cannot explain it. It also is not a proxy for intergenerational unobservables. PMID:22192425

  7. Reconstructing Weighted Networks from Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ching, Emily S. C.; Lai, P. Y.; Leung, C. Y.

    2015-03-01

    The knowledge of how the different nodes of a network interact or link with one another is crucial for the understanding of the collective behavior and the functionality of the network. We have recently developed a method that can reconstruct both the links and their relative coupling strength of bidirectional weighted networks. Our method requires only measurements of node dynamics as input and is based on a relation between the pseudo-inverse of the matrix of the correlation of the node dynamics and the Laplacian matrix of the weighted network. Using several examples of different dynamics, we demonstrate that our method can accurately reconstruct the connectivity as well as the weights of the links for weighted random and weighted scale-free networks with both linear and nonlinear dynamics. The work of ESCC and CYL has been supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council under Grant No. CUHK 14300914.

  8. Digital Actuator Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Ken Thomas; Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst

    2014-09-01

    There are significant developments underway in new types of actuators for power plant active components. Many of these make use of digital technology to provide a wide array of benefits in performance of the actuators and in reduced burden to maintain them. These new product offerings have gained considerable acceptance in use in process plants. In addition, they have been used in conventional power generation very successfully. This technology has been proven to deliver the benefits promised and substantiate the claims of improved performance. The nuclear industry has been reluctant to incorporate digital actuator technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns due to a number of concerns. These could be summarized as cost, regulatory uncertainty, and a certain comfort factor with legacy analog technology. The replacement opportunity for these types of components represents a decision point for whether to invest in more modern technology that would provide superior operational and maintenance benefits. Yet, the application of digital technology has been problematic for the nuclear industry, due to qualification and regulatory issues. With some notable exceptions, the result has been a continuing reluctance to undertake the risks and uncertainties of implementing digital actuator technology when replacement opportunities present themselves. Rather, utilities would typically prefer to accept the performance limitations of the legacy analog actuator technologies to avoid impacts to project costs and schedules. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate that the benefits of digital actuator technology can be significant in terms of plant performance and that it is worthwhile to address the barriers currently holding back the widespread development and use of this technology. It addresses two important objectives in pursuit of the beneficial use of digital actuator technology for nuclear power plants: 1. To demonstrate the benefits of digital actuator technology over legacy analog sensor technology in both quantitative and qualitative ways. 2. To recognize and address the added difficulty of digital technology qualification, especially in regard to software common cause failure (SCCF), that is introduced by the use of digital actuator technology.

  9. Digital imaging in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Essen, S Donovan

    2011-01-01

    Information technology is vital to operations, marketing, accounting, finance and administration. One of the most exciting and quickly evolving technologies in the modern dental office is digital applications. The dentist is often the business manager, information technology officer and strategic planning chief for his small business. The information systems triangle applies directly to this critical manager supported by properly trained ancillary staff and good equipment. With emerging technology driving all medical disciplines and the rapid pace at which it emerges, it is vital for the contemporary practitioner to keep abreast of the newest information technology developments. This article compares the strategic and operational advantages of digital applications, specifically imaging. The focus of this paper will be on digital radiography (DR), 3D computerized tomography, digital photography and digitally-driven CAD/CAM to what are now considered obsolescing modalities and contemplates what may arrive in the future. It is the purpose of this essay to succinctly evaluate the decisions involved in the role, application and implications of employing this tool in the dental environment PMID:22132658

  10. Quantum digital signature scheme

    E-print Network

    Muhammad Nadeem; Xiaolin Wang

    2015-12-30

    Digital signatures are the building blocks of modern communication to prevent masquerading by any party other than recipients, repudiation by signatory and forgery by any individual recipient. Digital signature scheme is said to be standard if the signature (a) is a pattern depending upon the message to be signed, (b) is built upon some information publically known and unique to the signatory, (c) can be stored by all the recipients. While classical methods provide computational security only, quantum mechanics guarantees information-theoretically secure and standard digital signature schemes. However, standard quantum digital signature schemes are based on quantum one-way functions and hence require long term quantum memory for storing quantum signatures, which is not practically feasible yet. We demonstrate here a standard quantum digital signature scheme by replacing quantum one-way functions with multiparty controlled EPR channels. It allows signatory to generate non-locally correlated quantum signatures, instead of multiple copies of a unique quantum state, and assures security against any individual since others have non-locally correlated information.

  11. Approximate N-Player Nonzero-Sum Game Solution for an Uncertain Continuous Nonlinear System.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Marcus; Kamalapurkar, Rushikesh; Bhasin, Shubhendu; Dixon, Warren E

    2015-08-01

    An approximate online equilibrium solution is developed for an N -player nonzero-sum game subject to continuous-time nonlinear unknown dynamics and an infinite horizon quadratic cost. A novel actor-critic-identifier structure is used, wherein a robust dynamic neural network is used to asymptotically identify the uncertain system with additive disturbances, and a set of critic and actor NNs are used to approximate the value functions and equilibrium policies, respectively. The weight update laws for the actor neural networks (NNs) are generated using a gradient-descent method, and the critic NNs are generated by least square regression, which are both based on the modified Bellman error that is independent of the system dynamics. A Lyapunov-based stability analysis shows that uniformly ultimately bounded tracking is achieved, and a convergence analysis demonstrates that the approximate control policies converge to a neighborhood of the optimal solutions. The actor, critic, and identifier structures are implemented in real time continuously and simultaneously. Simulations on two and three player games illustrate the performance of the developed method. PMID:25312943

  12. 40 CFR 1066.805 - Road-load power, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...dynamometer using the appropriate equivalent test weight shown in Table 1 of this section. Equivalent test weights are established according to each...weight class corresponding to each equivalent test weight; the inertia weight class...

  13. Short communication: Measuring feed volume and weight by machine vision.

    PubMed

    Shelley, A N; Lau, D L; Stone, A E; Bewley, J M

    2016-01-01

    Individual dairy cow feed intake is closely related to the health and productive output of each cow, with healthy cows generally eating more feed than unhealthy cows. Incorporating the use of an automated system to monitor feed consumption for each cow may be beneficial for dairy farm management. This study examined the use of an inexpensive 3-dimensional video camera to measure feed volume, from which we derived feed weight. Proof-of-concept testing was conducted to determine the effectiveness and capability of the machine vision feed-scanning system and its possible use in feed intake monitoring. Such systems are ideal because they do not impede the workflow of the farm or interrupt feeding behavior. This is an improvement over existing systems that are labor and cost intensive. Our conducted experiments involve measuring feed volume at known weights, up to 22.68kg, with the resulting volume and weight values analyzed by means of linear and quadratic least squares t-test regression analysis. The effects of feed positioning in the bin and near-range sensor limitations were also examined. The results showed that an estimation of feed weight from 3-dimensional scan of volume measurements could be made to within 0.5kg of the physically measured feed weight using a digital scale. Future efforts will focus on extending this work to active bunks with multiple cows eating throughout the day and testing total mixed rations of varied composition. PMID:26547642

  14. The utility of monetary contingency contracts for weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Sykes-Muskett, Bianca J; Prestwich, Andrew; Lawton, Rebecca J; Armitage, Christopher J

    2015-12-01

    Financial incentives to improve health have received increasing attention, but are subject to ethical concerns. Monetary Contingency Contracts (MCCs), which require individuals to deposit money that is refunded contingent on reaching a goal, are a potential alternative strategy. This review evaluates systematically the evidence for weight loss-related MCCs. Randomised controlled trials testing the effect of weight loss-related MCCs were identified in online databases. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to calculate overall effect sizes for weight loss and participant retention. The association between MCC characteristics and weight loss/participant retention effects was calculated using meta-regression. There was a significant small-to-medium effect of MCCs on weight loss during treatment when one outlier study was removed. Group refunds, deposit not paid as lump sum, participants setting their own deposit size and additional behaviour change techniques were associated with greater weight loss during treatment. Post-treatment, there was no significant effect of MCCs on weight loss. There was a significant small-to-medium effect of MCCs on participant retention during treatment. Researcher-set deposits paid as one lump sum, refunds delivered on an all-or-nothing basis and refunds contingent on attendance at classes were associated with greater retention during treatment. Post-treatment, there was no significant effect of MCCs on participant retention. The results support the use of MCCs to promote weight loss and participant retention up to the point that the incentive is removed and identifies the conditions under which MCCs work best. PMID:25933128

  15. Digital magnetic temperature transducer.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tchernev, D. I.; Collier, T. E.

    1971-01-01

    A new digital magnetic temperature transducer is reported. The device utilizes the discontinuous behavior of the initial permeability with temperature at the Curie temperature of some magnetic materials. Since the Curie temperature is determined by the chemical and crystallographic composition of the particular material only, the transducer requires no calibration and has extremely high stability and reproducibility with time. The output of the transducer is inherently digital and, therefore, is directly compatible with the digital information processing and control without A/D conversion. The temperature-sensing portion of the transducer consists only of magnetic cores and wire and, therefore, has extremely high reliability, is shock and radiation insensitive, small, and virtually indestructible.

  16. Digital cinema video compression

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Husak, Walter

    2003-05-01

    The Motion Picture Industry began a transition from film based distribution and projection to digital distribution and projection several years ago. Digital delivery and presentation offers the prospect to increase the quality of the theatrical experience for the audience, reduce distribution costs to the distributors, and create new business opportunities for the theater owners and the studios. Digital Cinema also presents an opportunity to provide increased flexibility and security of the movies for the content owners and the theater operators. Distribution of content via electronic means to theaters is unlike any of the traditional applications for video compression. The transition from film-based media to electronic media represents a paradigm shift in video compression techniques and applications that will be discussed in this paper.

  17. Digital optical conversion module

    DOEpatents

    Kotter, Dale K. (North Shelley, ID); Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID)

    1991-02-26

    A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer.

  18. Digital optical conversion module

    DOEpatents

    Kotter, D.K.; Rankin, R.A.

    1988-07-19

    A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer. 2 figs.

  19. Practical Quantum Digital Signature

    E-print Network

    Hua-Lei Yin; Yao Fu; Zeng-Bing Chen

    2015-09-29

    Guaranteeing non-repudiation and unforgeability as well as transferability of a signatory is one of the most vital safeguards in today's e-commerce era. Based on fundamental laws of quantum physics, quantum digital signature (QDS) aims to provide information-theoretical security for digital signature widely used nowadays. However, up to date, the previously proposed QDS schemes are impractical due to various challenging problems and most importantly, the requirement of authenticated quantum channels between participants. Here, for the first time, we eliminate all existing problems by proposing a practical and surprisingly simple QDS protocol, whose unconditional security is proven. Our QDS scheme can be implemented over a distance of more than 100 km under technology comparable to quantum key distribution. QDS is an important compliment to quantum key distribution and provides unconditionally secure protection to applications requiring digital signature.

  20. Digital seismic inverse methods

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, E.A.

    1984-01-01

    This mathematically based text presents the basic geophysical models used today. It is designed as a text or reference information for courses in geophysics, and also as a professional reference. It presents following contents; the seismic method as a communication system, the design of high-resolution digital filters; principles of digital wiener filtering; sampling geophysical data, filter theory and wave propagation; random processes; spectral estimation; predictive decomposition of seismic traces; multichannel z-transforms and minimum delay; the spectral function of a layered system and the determination of waveforms at depth; deconvolution; spectral approach to geophysical inversion by Lorentz, Fourier, and radon transforms; dynamic predictive deconvolution; the normal incidence synthetic seismogram; maximum entropy and the relationship of the partial autocorrelation to the reflection coefficients of a layered system; maximum entropy spectral decomposition of a seismogram into its minimum entropy component plus noise; optimum stacking techniques; optimum digital filters for signal-to-noise ratio enhancement; bibliography, and index.

  1. Digital signal coding

    SciTech Connect

    Gaunt, R.

    1997-05-01

    It seems that digital video has gone by as many names as Jim Blinn has Siggraph ribbons. Some of its various formats and names are: DV, Dl, 4:2:2, CCIR 601-1, ITU-Rec. 601-4,, SMPTE RP125M, and SMPTE 259M. CCIR and CCITT were both absorbed into their parent organization, the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), so technically speaking, CCIR 601 has been renamed to ITU-Rec. 601-4 (``Rec.`` stands for recommendation). But convention is often hard to change, so for some time you will see and hear Dl and CCIR 601 used for serial digital component video. Below are brief descriptions of the various names and formats for digital video.

  2. Digital mammography: an update.

    PubMed

    Hailey, D

    2006-10-01

    (1) Digital mammography can improve breast-image quality and storage through the digital capture of x-ray images. (2) Large comparative studies indicate that the overall accuracy of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) is similar to that of conventional filmscreen mammography (FSM). (3) Recent evidence suggests that FFDM is more accurate than FSM for diagnosing cancer in women younger than 50 years, those with dense breasts, and pre- or peri-menopausal women. (4) The costs of FFDM are higher than those for FSM. (5) The quality control of FFDM systems offers advantages compared to that of FSM, but it is more complex, and it is associated with a long learning curve. PMID:17073037

  3. Comparison of weight loss by weight classification in a commercial, community-based weight loss program

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of our study was to determine the impact of grade of obesity on weight-loss outcomes of a community-based, intensive behavioral counseling program (Weight Watchers Points-Plus). Previous studies have shown that individuals with a higher body mass index (BMI) at the beginning of treatme...

  4. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY WEIGHT AND BEAK CHARACTERISTICS IN 1 D OLD LAYER CHICKS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The aim of this work was to determine if any relationship exists between body weight and beak characteristics in day old chicks for developing an automated system to standardize infrared beak treatment. At the hatchery, 1-day-old W-36 chicks (n=344) were weighed and digital pictures were taken of th...

  5. Digital cartography of Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Batson, R. M.

    1987-01-01

    A medium-resolution Digital Image Model (DIM) of Mars is being compiled. A DIM is a mosaic of radiometrically corrected, photometrically modelled spacecraft images displaying accurate reflectance properties at uniform resolution, and geometrically tied to the best available control. The Mars medium-resolution DIM contains approximately 4700 Viking Orbiter image frames that were used to compile the recently completed 1:2,000,000-scale controlled photomosaic series of Mars. This DIM provides a planimetric control base to which all other Mars maps will be registered. A similar control base of topographic elevations (Digital Terrain Model, or DTM) is also being compiled. These products are scheduled for completion in 1989.

  6. Digital DICOM in Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Burgess, Jeff

    2015-01-01

    Similar to Medicine, digital communication, information processing, and x-ray imaging have changed the face of dentistry. The incorporation of digital systems into medical and dental practice has necessitated development of a standard that allows reliable transmission of information between the devices taking the images, devices storing the images, and devices displaying the images. This standard is termed as DICOM. The following article briefly reviews how DICOM came about, how dentistry is involved, the various elements that are part of the DICOM system, and how DICOM is currently used in dentistry. PMID:26464603

  7. Digital electronic bone growth stimulator

    DOEpatents

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1993-01-01

    The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

  8. Cosmological measures without volume weighting

    SciTech Connect

    Page, Don N

    2008-10-15

    Many cosmologists (myself included) have advocated volume weighting for the cosmological measure problem, weighting spatial hypersurfaces by their volume. However, this often leads to the Boltzmann brain problem, that almost all observations would be by momentary Boltzmann brains that arise very briefly as quantum fluctuations in the late universe when it has expanded to a huge size, so that our observations (too ordered for Boltzmann brains) would be highly atypical and unlikely. Here it is suggested that volume weighting may be a mistake. Volume averaging is advocated as an alternative. One consequence may be a loss of the argument that eternal inflation gives a nonzero probability that our universe now has infinite volume.

  9. Cosmological Measures without Volume Weighting

    E-print Network

    Don N. Page

    2008-09-16

    Many cosmologists (myself included) have advocated volume weighting for the cosmological measure problem, weighting spatial hypersurfaces by their volume. However, this often leads to the Boltzmann brain problem, that almost all observations would be by momentary Boltzmann brains that arise very briefly as quantum fluctuations in the late universe when it has expanded to a huge size, so that our observations (too ordered for Boltzmann brains) would be highly atypical and unlikely. Here it is suggested that volume weighting may be a mistake. Volume averaging is advocated as an alternative. One consequence may be a loss of the argument that eternal inflation gives a nonzero probability that our universe now has infinite volume.

  10. Correlation kernels for sums and products of random matrices

    E-print Network

    Tom Claeys; Arno B. J. Kuijlaars; Dong Wang

    2015-09-03

    Let $X$ be a random matrix whose squared singular value density is a polynomial ensemble. We derive double contour integral formulas for the correlation kernels of the squared singular values of $GX$ and $TX$, where $G$ is a complex Ginibre matrix and $T$ is a truncated unitary matrix. We also consider the product of $X$ and several complex Ginibre/truncated unitary matrices. As an application, we derive the precise condition for the squared singular values of the product of several truncated unitary matrices to follow a polynomial ensemble. We also consider the sum $H + M$ where $H$ is a GUE matrix and $M$ is a random matrix whose eigenvalue density is a polynomial ensemble. We show that the eigenvalues of $H + M$ follow a polynomial ensemble whose correlation kernel can be expressed as a double contour integral. As an application, we point out a connection to the two-matrix model.

  11. Study of the D*? system using QCD sum rules

    SciTech Connect

    Torres, A. Martínez; Khemchandani, K. P.; Nielsen, M.; Navarra, F. S.; Oset, E.

    2014-11-11

    In this proceeding we present a study of the D*? system made by using the method of QCD sum rules. Considering isospin and spin projectors, we investigate the different configurations and obtain three D* mesons with isospin I = 1/2, spin S = 0, 1, 2 and with masses 2500±67 MeV, 2523±60 MeV, and 2439±119 MeV, respectively. The last state can be related to D{sub 2}{sup *} (2460) (spin 2) listed by the Particle Data Group, while one of the first two might be associated with D*(2640), whose spin-parity is unknown. In the case of I = 3/2 we also find evidences of three states with spin 0, 1 and 2, respectively, with masses 2467±82 MeV, 2420±128 MeV, and 2550±56 MeV.

  12. SEU System Analysis: Not Just the Sum of All Parts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Berg, Melanie D.; Label, Kenneth

    2014-01-01

    Single event upset (SEU) analysis of complex systems is challenging. Currently, system SEU analysis is performed by component level partitioning and then either: the most dominant SEU cross-sections (SEUs) are used in system error rate calculations; or the partition SEUs are summed to eventually obtain a system error rate. In many cases, system error rates are overestimated because these methods generally overlook system level derating factors. The problem with overestimating is that it can cause overdesign and consequently negatively affect the following: cost, schedule, functionality, and validation/verification. The scope of this presentation is to discuss the risks involved with our current scheme of SEU analysis for complex systems; and to provide alternative methods for improvement.

  13. Moments of Spin Structure Functions: Sum Rules and Polarizabilities

    SciTech Connect

    Jian-Ping Chen

    2010-10-01

    Nucleon structure study is one of the most important research areas in modern physics and has challenged us for decades. Spin has played an essential role and often brought surprises and puzzles to the investigation of the nucleon structure and the strong interaction. New experimental data on nucleon spin structure at low to intermediate momentum transfers combined with existing high momentum transfer data offer a comprehensive picture in the strong region of the interaction and of the transition region from the strong to the asymptotic-free region. Insight for some aspects of the theory for the strong interaction, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), is gained by exploring lower moments of spin structure functions and their corresponding sum rules (i.e. the Bjorken, Burkhardt-Cottingham, Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn (GDH), and the generalized GDH). These moments are expressed in terms of an operator-product expansion using quark and gluon degrees of freedom at moderately large momentum transfers.

  14. Holographic RG flows, entanglement entropy and the sum rule

    E-print Network

    Casini, Horacio; Torroba, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    We calculate the two-point function of the trace of the stress tensor in holographic renormalization group flows between pairs of conformal field theories. We show that the term proportional to the momentum squared in this correlator gives the change of the central charge between fixed points in d=2 and in d>2 it gives the holographic entanglement entropy for a planar region. This can also be seen as a holographic realization of the Adler-Zee formula for the renormalization of Newton's constant. Holographic regularization is found to provide a perfect match of the finite and divergent terms of the sum rule, and it is analogous to the regularization of the entropy in terms of mutual information. Finally, we provide a general proof of reflection positivity in terms of stability of the dual bulk action, and discuss the relation between unitarity constraints, the null energy condition and regularity in the interior of the gravity solution.

  15. Sparse Zero-Sum Games as Stable Functional Feature Selection

    PubMed Central

    Sokolovska, Nataliya; Teytaud, Olivier; Rizkalla, Salwa; Clément, Karine; Zucker, Jean-Daniel

    2015-01-01

    In large-scale systems biology applications, features are structured in hidden functional categories whose predictive power is identical. Feature selection, therefore, can lead not only to a problem with a reduced dimensionality, but also reveal some knowledge on functional classes of variables. In this contribution, we propose a framework based on a sparse zero-sum game which performs a stable functional feature selection. In particular, the approach is based on feature subsets ranking by a thresholding stochastic bandit. We provide a theoretical analysis of the introduced algorithm. We illustrate by experiments on both synthetic and real complex data that the proposed method is competitive from the predictive and stability viewpoints. PMID:26325268

  16. Formal sums and power series over a group

    SciTech Connect

    Dubrovin, N I

    2000-08-31

    Formal series over a group are studied as an algebraic system with componentwise composition and a partial operation of convolution *{sup .} For right-ordered groups a module of formal power series is introduced and studied; these are formal sums with well-ordered supports. Special attention is paid to systems of formal power series (whose supports are well-ordered with respect to the ascending order) that form an L-basis, that is, such that every formal power series can be expanded uniquely in this system. L-bases are related to automorphisms of the module of formal series that have natural properties of monotonicity and {sigma}-linearity. The relations {gamma}*{beta}=0 and {gamma}*{beta}=1 are also studied. Note that in the case of a totally ordered group the system of formal power series forms a skew field with valuation (Mal'tsev-Neumann, 1948-1949.)

  17. Automatic forensic face recognition from digital images.

    PubMed

    Peacock, C; Goode, A; Brett, A

    2004-01-01

    Digital image evidence is now widely available from criminal investigations and surveillance operations, often captured by security and surveillance CCTV. This has resulted in a growing demand from law enforcement agencies for automatic person-recognition based on image data. In forensic science, a fundamental requirement for such automatic face recognition is to evaluate the weight that can justifiably be attached to this recognition evidence in a scientific framework. This paper describes a pilot study carried out by the Forensic Science Service (UK) which explores the use of digital facial images in forensic investigation. For the purpose of the experiment a specific software package was chosen (Image Metrics Optasia). The paper does not describe the techniques used by the software to reach its decision of probabilistic matches to facial images, but accepts the output of the software as though it were a 'black box'. In this way, the paper lays a foundation for how face recognition systems can be compared in a forensic framework. The aim of the paper is to explore how reliably and under what conditions digital facial images can be presented in evidence. PMID:14964819

  18. Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth

    E-print Network

    Janée, Greg

    Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType The Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype System Terence Smith Greg Janée James Frew Anita Coleman #12;Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType 2Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x Earth ProtoType 3Smith et al. / JCDL 2001 / 2x-Jun-2001 Core System (inherited from ADL) Components

  19. Digital Preservation in Open-Source Digital Library Software

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madalli, Devika P.; Barve, Sunita; Amin, Saiful

    2012-01-01

    Digital archives and digital library projects are being initiated all over the world for materials of different formats and domains. To organize, store, and retrieve digital content, many libraries as well as archiving centers are using either proprietary or open-source software. While it is accepted that print media can survive for centuries with…

  20. FORTRAN IV Digital Filter Design Programs. Digital Systems Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reuss, E.; And Others

    The goals of the Digital Systems Education Project (DISE) include the development and distribution of educational/instructional materials in the digital systems area. Toward that end, this document contains three reports: (1) A FORTRAN IV Design Program for Low-Pass Butterworth and Chebychev Digital Filters; (2) A FORTRAN IV Design Program for…