Note: This page contains sample records for the topic welfare information center from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

USDA: Animal Welfare Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USDA's Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) was mandated by the Animal Welfare Act, and the website contains everything from current animal issues to workshops for those in industries that utilize animals to licensing forms. Specifically, the AWIC is designed "to regulate and improve care of animals in research, testing, teaching, and exhibition." The site includes the proposed government rules about animal welfare that are in their public comment period, and how and where to submit your comment. Visitors can click on "In The News" to see all the animal-related rules that are in their public comment period. If visitors want to learn about the origins of veterinary medicine, they can click on "Companion Animals" on the left side of the homepage to find a link to "Veterinary History Resources at the National Agricultural Library". Finally, AWIC provides very important information and resources on alternatives to animal testing, under "Alternatives," on the left side of the homepage. Here visitors will find links to websites that explain the principles of alternatives to animal testing, as well as several papers from conferences that address the issue.

2008-01-01

2

Services of the Animal Welfare Information Center at the National Agricultural Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Agricultural Library (NAL) was created by the first Commissioner of Agriculture after the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) by the Organic Act of 1862. The NAL now includes a diverse collection of 1.9 million items that are in English and many foreign languages, covering multiple subjects and different formats, including electronic. The Animal Welfare

Jean Larson

1988-01-01

3

Sickle Cell Education, Sickle Cell Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sickle Cell Information Center funded to Roy Littlejohn Associates, Inc. from the National SCD program of the National Heart, Lung & Blood Institutes of the Department of Health, Education & Welfare began its operation in July 1975. As an information ...

H. M. Swann

1976-01-01

4

Toward Evidence-Informed Policy and Practice in Child Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the authors' experience in the international Campbell Collaboration, this essay presents a principled and pragmatic approach to evidence-informed decisions about child welfare. This approach takes into account the growing body of empirical evidence on the reliability and validity of various methods of research synthesis. It also…

Littell, Julia H.; Shlonsky, Aron

2010-01-01

5

Child Welfare and Information and Communication Technology: Today's Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Information and communication technology (ICT) usage in contemporary child welfare practice reflects dominant managerial interests rather than those of the profession, and, importantly, of service users. Explicit use of ICT in the interests of service users remains embryonic, and professionals have been slow to capitalize on the communication poten- tial of new technologies. This contrasts with technology uptake in

Susan Tregeagle; Michael Darcy

2008-01-01

6

Center for Information Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the development and initial operation of the Center for Information Services at UCLA, one of the NSF-sponsored campus-based information centers. CIS was a joint project of the Library, Campus Computing Network, and Institute of Librar...

P. G. Watson R. B. Briggs

1974-01-01

7

National Resource Center On Child Welfare Training & Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

ith the passage of the Adoptions and Safe Families Act (ASFA) of 1997, the nation's child welfare systems have experienced dramatic changes in an attempt to improve safety, perma- nency, and well-being outcomes of children and families. There has been extensive discussion of the policy changes needed to meet the intent and out- comes of ASFA, but much less discussion

Becky Antle; Anita Barbee; Mavin Martin; Dana N. Christensen

2003-01-01

8

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for statewide automated child welfare information... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT...THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES...planning, design, development and installation of a statewide automated child welfare...

2011-10-01

9

Uniforming information management in Finnish Social Welfare.  

PubMed

This paper describes the phases and methods used in the National project for IT in Social Services in Finland (Tikesos). The main goals of Tikesos were to unify the client information systems in social services, to develop electronic documentation and to produce specifications for nationally organized electronic archive. The method of Enterprise Architecture was largely used in the project. PMID:22874327

Laaksonen, Maarit; Kärki, Jarmo; Ailio, Erja

2012-01-01

10

Migraine Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This American Medical Association site, part of the Journal of the American Medical Association suite of information centers, strives to be a clearinghouse for migraine headache information. With a mixture of scholarly and general information, it is of use to the practitioner and patient alike. The Newsline section carries stories from Reuters Health Information Services, as well as information on relevant conferences and background briefings that explain in layman's terms such concepts as the cause of migraine head pain, genetic factors, and the role of seratonin. The Library contains articles of a more clinical nature. The Education and Support Center offers succinct patient material designed to help the unfortunate victims of these headaches understand their condition. The Treatment Center is a more clinical section that aids in the diagnosis and management of the condition. There is also a small annotated links section.

1997-01-01

11

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housed at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports and provides information on seismic activity in Alaska. While its southern Pacific coast colleague, California, gets a lot more attention when it comes to earthquakes, Alaska experienced a magnitude 6.7 earthquake already this summer and was rocked by a 7.9 in 2002. The site offers links to general information about the center, general earthquake information, research activities at the center, education and outreach materials (including information on seismology education projects), and much more. The site is well populated with materials and should provide a great resources for those interested in North American seismic events.

12

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

13

NOAA's Drought Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Drought Information Center metasite serves as a gateway to NOAA's (and other) online resources on drought and climate conditions. From the US Drought Monitor (current assessment of drought status), to the Palmer Drought Severity Index, to paleo perspectives on North American drought, this site covers background information, current updates, and future predictions on droughts.

2001-01-01

14

Bank Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank Information Center (BIC) is a nonprofit, independent, non-governmental organization that "provides information and strategic support to NGOs and social movements throughout the world on the projects, policies and practices of the World Bank and other Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)." The organization's Website contains information about BIC's ongoing activities and offers useful publications and toolkits for those interested in and involved with MDBs. The Toolkits for Activists section includes fact sheets that explain the inner workings of the World Bank, covering topics such as basic information about the World Bank, the Country Assistance Strategy, World Bank policy framework, and information on World Bank's lending. Each fact sheet is available in both .pdf and HTML formats. The publications section offers a variety of resources including papers, case studies, and meeting reports, many of which are available online. Also provided are links to other monitoring organizations around the world and several online forums. An information services page will be added soon.

15

Death Penalty Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), a nonprofit organization operating out of Washington, DC, prepares analytical reports for the media, the public, and Congress on issues concerning capital punishment. Their fact-filled, frequently updated site supplies a wealth of full-text reports, briefs, and statistics examining all aspects of capital punishment. Topic sections analyze death penalty information in relation to public opinion, race, sex, age, mental competency, deterrence, innocence, and cost. A state by state listing clearly outlines and compares the legislation and the statistics for capital punishment nationally. A comprehensive list of links to other sources of information is also provided.

1997-01-01

16

EGalitarianism? The Information Society and New Labour's Repositioning of Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, claims that epochal shifts in the socioeconomic landscape demand a reappraisal of the welfare state have become almost commonplace and postmodern, post-Fordist and postindustrial perspectives on the welfare state have all found a place in academic literature. However, while each of these discourses has noted the role of technological change in enabling the emergence of new societal

John Hudson

2003-01-01

17

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide or Tribal automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...statewide or Tribal automated child welfare information... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT...THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES...planning, design, development and installation of...or Tribal automated child welfare...

2012-10-01

18

77 FR 34934 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Animal Welfare  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No...Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Animal Welfare AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA....

2012-06-12

19

76 FR 34031 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Animal Welfare  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No...Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Animal Welfare AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA....

2011-06-10

20

76 FR 54249 - Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Report; Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Report; Request for Comments AGENCIES: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...

2011-08-31

21

76 FR 33340 - Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Annual Report...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Annual Report; Request for Comments AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice...

2011-06-08

22

National Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a very extensive site about earthquakes. It is the USGS (United States Geological Survey) National Earthquake Information site. The site provides access to near real time earthquake data from around the world, as well as data for recent earthquakes (last 3 weeks). The site can also be searched for information on specific earthquakes by time or location. There is a General Earthquake Information section with extensive earthquake education materials as well as information on seismicity, earthquake magnitude, preparedness, predictions, and locations.

23

Archival Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America (PIASA), the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, and the Head Office of State Archives in Warsaw, this metasite is very useful for researchers and others interested in locating special collections, libraries, and archives related to Poland, and Polonia institutions in the USA. The Polish Archival collections in the USA and Canada section offers contact information, descriptions of Polish archival holdings, and a link to over 45 institutions. The Polish Archives via the Internet section includes the same information and links to 35 archives in Poland. Rounding out the site are links to other online catalogs and archive listings and information on preserving archival materials.

1998-01-01

24

Factors That Influence Vaccination Decision-Making by Parents Who Visit an Anthroposophical Child Welfare Center: A Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

In recent years, parents have become more disparaging towards childhood vaccination. One group that is critical about the National Immunization Program (NIP) and participates less comprises parents with an anthroposophical worldview. Despite the fact that various studies have identified anthroposophists as critical parents with lower vaccination coverage, no research has been done to explore the beliefs underlying their childhood vaccination decision-making. We conducted a qualitative study using three focus groups (n = 16) of parents who visit an anthroposophical child welfare center. Our findings show that participants did not refuse all vaccinations within the Dutch NIP, but mostly refused the Mumps, Measles, and Rubella (MMR) vaccination. Vaccination decisions are influenced by participants' lifestyle, perception of health, beliefs about childhood diseases, perceptions about the risks of diseases, perceptions about vaccine effectiveness and vaccine components, and trust in institutions. Parents indicated that they felt a need for more information. Sufficient references should be provided to sources containing more information about childhood vaccination, especially about the effectiveness of vaccines and vaccine components and the risks, such as possible side effects and benefits of vaccination. This may satisfy parents' information needs and enable them to make a sufficiently informed choice whether or not to vaccinate their child.

Harmsen, Irene A.; Ruiter, Robert A. C.; Paulussen, Theo G. W.; Mollema, Liesbeth; Kok, Gerjo; de Melker, Hester E.

2012-01-01

25

Education Information Centers: An Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Key findings of an evaluation of the Education Information Centers (EICs) project were that (1) many EICs have affected patrons lives; (2) libraries have improved career collections, attracted new patrons, and become viewed as community resources; (3) library staff have developed better ways to ascertain information needs; and (4) new agency…

Tice, Karin E.; Gill, Stephen Joel

1991-01-01

26

THE IMPACT OF WELFARE AND LABOUR MARKET INSTITUTIONS ON INFORMAL RECRUITMENT IN EUROPEAN YOUTH LABOUR MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth labour markets where informal recruitment practices predominate are likely to amplify existing inequalities among young job seekers. Whereas most literature on informal recruitment focuses on characteristics of individual job seekers and the nature of the jobs they obtain, this article suggests to relate this important issue to overarching dynamics of welfare and labour market institutions. Analyses of survey data

Ivan Harsløf

2006-01-01

27

Water resources scientific information center  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) acquires, abstracts and indexes the major water resources related literature of the world, and makes information available to the water resources community and the public. A component of the Water Resources Division of the US Geological Survey, the Center maintains a searchable computerized bibliographic data base, and publishers a monthly journal of abstracts. Through its services, the Center is able to provide reliable scientific and technical information about the most recent water resources developments, as well as long-term trends and changes. WRSIC was established in 1966 by the Secretary of the Interior to further the objectives of the Water Resources Research Act of 1964--legislation that encouraged research in water resources and the prevention of needless duplication of research efforts. It was determined the WRSIC should be the national center for information on water resources, covering research reports, scientific journals, and other water resources literature of the world. WRSIC would evaluate all water resources literature, catalog selected articles, and make the information available in publications or by computer access. In this way WRSIC would increase the availability and awareness of water related scientific and technical information. (Lantz-PTT)

Cardin, C. William; Campbell, J. T.

1986-01-01

28

Competitive Intelligence and the Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the competitive intelligence approach to corporate information gathering, and discusses how it differs from the traditional library information center approach. Steps for developing a competitive intelligence system in the library information center are suggested. (33 references) (MES)|

Greene, H. Frances

1988-01-01

29

Competitive Intelligence and the Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the competitive intelligence approach to corporate information gathering, and discusses how it differs from the traditional library information center approach. Steps for developing a competitive intelligence system in the library information center are suggested. (33 references) (MES)

Greene, H. Frances

1988-01-01

30

Construction of a New Building to House the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Social Security Administration Payment Center in Chicago, Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed action consists of construction of a new building to house the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Social Security Administration Payment Center in Chicago, Illinois. The facility will include approximately 757,600 gross square feet ...

1973-01-01

31

Carbon Dioxide Information Center thesaurus  

SciTech Connect

This thesaurus lists the keywords (including narrower, broader, and related terms, as well as forbidden terms) used by the Carbon Dioxide Information Center for the input and retrieval of records for its Bibliographic Information System (BIS), BIS is a specialized bibliographic data base on carbon dioxide and climate. It is being merged into the Department of Energy's Energy Data Base (EDB). The keywords used in the BIS Thesaurus are also used in the much larger EDB thesaurus so EDB may be searched for CO2 references using either thesaurus.

Millemann, R.E.; Cushman, R.M.

1986-04-01

32

The Sickle Cell Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Georgia N.I.H. Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, the Sickle Cell Foundation of Georgia, and the Pediatrics and Hematology-Oncology Departments of the Emory University Medical School sponsor this site, an information-rich compendium on Sickle Cell Anemia that targets health care providers and patients alike. The highlights of the site, in the Health Care Providers section, are two full text publications, Problem Oriented Management of Sickle Cell Syndromes (an update of a 1991 text by James Eckman and Allan Platt), and the National Institutes of Health Publication Management and Therapy of Sickle Cell Disease. Also available are a professional summary of the disease, a list of conferences, newborn screening information, transfusion protocol information, and general information for patients and their families.

1997-01-01

33

Asia Recovery Information Center (ARIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Asia Recovery Information Center was first conceived at the Meeting on Development Cooperation: Responding to the Asia Crisis, in Sydney, Australia in March 1999. The ARIC Website has three objectives: to monitor the social and economic impacts, as well as the recovery process, of the Asian Crisis; to collect and disseminate information on the response of the international community to the Crisis; and to add to the dialogs about "policy reform in response to the crisis." Although it will be expanded to cover more countries, at present, ARIC covers the five main countries affected by the Crisis -- Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. ARIC's information is divided into seven sections. Recovery News is updated daily and contains news briefs and articles from around the world (both the source and the country of origin are noted). Hard data can be found in ARIC Indicators, which holds more than 40 social, economic, and financial indictors presented in both table and chart form. The Country Focus section allows users to search ARIC's information by topic and by country. The site also lists meetings and conferences, as well as offering an extensive collection of notable links. This resource is truly invaluable to users following the Asian Crisis.

34

The Social Welfare Practice and Research Center at the Chinese University of Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization and research programs of the Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre (SWPRC) at the Chinese University of Hong Kong are outlined. There are five regular research programs (Family and Group Practice Research Centre, Human Behavior and the Social Environment Research Program, Mutual Aid and Social Capital Research Program,…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2009-01-01

35

The Social Welfare Practice and Research Center at the Chinese University of Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The organization and research programs of the Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre (SWPRC) at the Chinese University of Hong Kong are outlined. There are five regular research programs (Family and Group Practice Research Centre, Human Behavior and the Social Environment Research Program, Mutual Aid and Social Capital Research Program,…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2009-01-01

36

Bridging the Gap: Higher Education and Career-Centered Welfare Reform. Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This conference examined the current welfare policy and the continued use of higher education as a tool for moving low-income people into self-supporting careers. The proceedings include: welcoming remarks by Stephen Greenwald; keynote addresses by William Spriggs and Danny Simmons; a lunch address by Rae Alexander-Minter; remarks by Patricia…

Kosar, Kevin R., Ed.

37

Present status of information centers (libraries)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Documentation Kondan-Kai (gathering for discussing issues) has conducted the questionnaire which asks present status of information centers of companies. The purpose of this questionnaire was to obtain some tips which would be useful for companies to consider what their information centers should be in a highly informationalized society, and how they should be changing. The results were grouped into the following five sections and analyzed; (1) management system of information center, (2) use condition of information center, (3) management of books and journals, (4) external online information retrieval and (5) management of technical materials generated inside company.

Suzuki, Keigo; Adachi, Takashi; Kusumi, Yoshihisa; Nishiyama, Mieko; Hirata, Toshiichiro

38

The Defense Technical Information Center: Acquiring Information and Imparting Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) discusses how DTIC fits into the Department of Defense Scientific and Technical Information Program; its history, organization, users, and operations; types of information handled; subject classification; cataloging standards; Information Analysis Centers (IACs); and research and…

Molholm, Kurt N.; And Others

1988-01-01

39

The End of Welfare as We Know It?: Durable Attitudes in a Changing Information Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

When white Americans think about welfare, they are likely to think about black Americans. The most prominent explanation for this phenomenon offered has been media coverage—newsmakers have pre- sented welfare as an overwhelmingly black and overwhelmingly bad so- cial program. Most of the data used in studies that reach these conclusions, however, predate welfare reform. Since passage of the Personal

JOSHUA J. DYCK; LAURA S. HUSSEY

2008-01-01

40

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center,...

2010-01-01

41

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center,...

2009-01-01

42

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center,...

2013-01-01

43

Defense Technical Information Center thesaurus  

SciTech Connect

This DTIC Thesaurus provides a basic multidisciplinary subject term vocabulary used by DTIC to index and retrieve scientific and technical information from its various data bases and to aid DTIC`s users in their information storage and retrieval operations. It includes an alphabetical posting term display, a hierarchy display, and a Keywork Out of Context (KWOC) display.

Dickert, J.H. [ed.] [comp.

1996-10-01

44

Information Business: A Profile of the Defense Technical Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) collects and distributes authoritative Department of Defense (DoD) scientific, research, and engineering information to the defense community. Through a major portion of the 1990s, DTIC was part of the Offic...

S. Schwalb

2005-01-01

45

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center Index.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Tr...

C. A. Davidson J. T. Foley

1982-01-01

46

Moving Toward Performance-Based, Managed Care Contracting in Child Welfare: Perspectives on Staffing, Financial Management, and Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social service managers in performance-based and managed care contracting environments may be required to alter their agencies' personnel, financial management, and information technology practices to deal with the heightened financial risk present in these environments. This study describes the barriers that nonprofit child welfare managers faced, as well as the changes their agencies made, in these three areas of organizational

William Meezan; Bowen McBeath

2011-01-01

47

Deaf Education Information Center from the Clerc Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gallaudet University is the preeminent school for the deaf in the United States, so it makes sense that the Laurent Clerc National Education Center is housed on their campus. The Clerc Center has also been given a mandate from Congress "to develop, evaluate, and disseminate innovative curricula, instructional techniques and strategies, and materials" specifically for deaf and hard of hearing children and youth. From their homepage, visitors seeking more information about the deaf and hard of hearing will want to glance over the topical areas here, which include those that provide basic information about deafness and the development of technologies designed to assist the deaf and hard of hearing. The section that most visitors will want to look over is the "Information on Deafness" area, which features fact sheets and links to external resources that deal with assistive hearing aids, sign language, the mental health of the deaf, and teachers who work with the deaf.

48

78 FR 14549 - National Contact Center; Information Collection; National Contact Center Customer Evaluation Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 3090-0278; Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 19] National Contact Center; Information Collection; National Contact Center Customer Evaluation Survey AGENCY: Contact Center Services, Federal Citizen Information Center, Office of...

2013-03-06

49

The Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval, located within the computer science department at the University of Massachusetts, is dedicated to "developing tools that provide effective and efficient access to large, heterogeneous, distributed, text and multimedia databases." To this end, the Center conducts a number of research activities, along with some rather compelling demonstration projects that visitors may want to examine. One of their demonstration projects located online is Acrophile, which allows users to search a database containing over 51,000 acronyms. Funded in part by the National Science Foundation, the Center has also been able to make a number of their working papers available online. The papers are divided into thematic areas, including information retrieval, with the series extending back to 1987. The site concludes with information about the Center's continuing research projects, personnel, and membership materials.

2003-01-01

50

USGS National Landslide Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

United States Geological Survey (USGS) scientists are working to reduce long-term losses and casualties from landslide hazards through better understanding of the causes and mechanisms of ground failure both nationally and worldwide. The NLIC is responsible for distributing information about landslides to the lay public, researchers, planners, and local, state, and federal agencies. Current USGS landslide projects are discussed, including wildfire debris flow studies, and landslides caused by hurricanes. A search engine aids in discovery of USGS landslide-related documents.

51

Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT) is a âÂÂconsortium of 10 community colleges throughout Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakotaâ focused on âÂÂstrengthening and expanding the regionâÂÂs information technology (IT) workforce.â On their site, visitors will find information on MCITâÂÂs initiatives and impact, as well as resources about MCITâÂÂs research and information technology recruitment and careers. This is a useful resource for helping community college students or recent graduates find information on information technology professional development.

2007-04-23

52

National Crime Information Center (NCIC) Training Videos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Federal Bureau of Investigation's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) maintains a set of computerized files of documented criminal justice information reported by a network of over 60,000 participating national, regional, state, and local agencies. The files, dealing with wanted persons, missing persons, unidentified persons, and stolen…

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC. National Crime Information Center.

53

34 CFR 300.31 - Parent training and information center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Parent training and information center. 300.31...Definitions Used in This Part § 300.31 Parent training and information center. Parent training and information center means a...

2013-07-01

54

Balanced Decision Making in Child Welfare: Structured Processes Informed by Multiple Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers face considerable challenges in making consistent and effective placement decisions for children and families. The purpose of this article is to review literature regarding the benefits and pitfalls inherent in individual and group decision-making processes, specifically applied to the child welfare context. The article proposes a conceptual framework that draws from the strengths of both types of

Thomas M. Crea

2010-01-01

55

Welfare Behaviorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the political movement to alter welfare behavior through changes in welfare reform and discusses the outcomes of several welfare reform initiatives. Explores welfare-to-work; Learnfare; and Learning, Earning, and Parenting. Also discusses research in social engineering efforts involving child support enforcement and time limits.…

Stoesz, David

1997-01-01

56

A Bibliography on Staffing Criteria for Libraries, Information Centers, and Information Analysis Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A literature search for information concerning standards for library and information center personnel resulted in this annotated bibliography. The twofold purpose of the study was: (1) to identify the staffing and organization problems of the library and ...

C. Stanley M. Benton

1970-01-01

57

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel. The purpose of the Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center is to collect, analyze, store, and make available descriptions of the environment of transportation expressed in engineering terms. The data stored in the Center are expected to be useful in a variety of transportation related analyses. Formulations of environmental criteria for shipment of cargo, risk assessments, and detailed structural analyses of shipping containers are examples where these data have been applied. For purposes of indexing and data retrieval, the data are catalogued under two major headings: Normal and Abnormal Environments.

Davidson, C. A.; Foley, J. T.

1980-10-01

58

Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What exactly is informal science education? Well, it isn't just a science class taught in jeans and a t-shirt. According to the Center for the Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) website, informal science "supports people of all ages and walks of life in exploring science, technology, engineering, and mathematics." In the "About Informal Science Education" section of the website, visitors can read about the places in which informal science education occurs, such as in the media, science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, nature centers, and after-school programs. The "ISE Spotlights" section contains real life examples of informal science education occurring around the nation. Visitors interested in becoming involved in informal science education (ISE) should check out the "CAISE Programs" link on the left hand menu, then click on "CAISE Initiatives", for the seven initiatives of project year four and five. Some of the initiatives include "The ISE Evidence Wiki", "Informal Commons" and "Interactive ISE Timeline". It is a site that is worth returning to multiple times, and the materials here represent some of the ways that persons of all ages learn about science.

59

Jobs, Welfare and Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides objective information about the relationship of poverty, welfare, and homelessness to California's regional economy and about the design of programs that help people in poverty build working lives. California does not have enough jobs for its workforce, and welfare caseloads are consequently determined by the economy. The…

Einbinder, Susan; And Others

60

75 FR 39622 - Proposed Information Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment...VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch, New Executive Office Building, Room 10235...0505).'' Title: Health Resource Center Medical Center...

2010-07-09

61

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel.

Davidson, C.A.; Foley, J.T.

1982-06-01

62

A Web-based geographic information system for monitoring animal welfare during long journeys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Animal welfare protection during long journeys is mandatory according to European Union regulations designed to ensure that animals are transported in accordance with animal welfare requirements and to provide control bodies with a regulatory tool to react promptly in cases of non-compliance and to ensure a safe network between products, animals and farms. Regulation 1\\/2005\\/EC foresees recourse to a

G. Caporale

63

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

64

Center for Environmental Information and Statistics (CEIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1997 as part of the Environmental Protection Agency's national commitment to "improve public access" to EPA's information resources, the new Center for Environmental Information and Statistics (CEIS) Website "provides access to integrated information on environmental quality, status and trends." Available at the site are Environmental Profiles (for each US state, county, and territory), a substantial, searchable Digital Library of Environmental Quality, and the Environmental Atlas, offering "full-color, national and state maps ... covering a wide range of natural resources." This impressive Website will prove valuable to researchers and educators, alike.

1997-01-01

65

Federal Reserve System's National Information Center of Banking Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Information Center (NIC) web site contains extensive information about banks and other institutions regulated or supervised by the Federal Reserve. These include banks (including commercial and savings), savings and loan associations, credit unions and bank holding companies, among others. The information available includes balance sheets and income statements; details on the types of loans for the most recent five quarters for all institutions are available. The corporate structure and branch location of any institution can be found at the site.

1969-12-31

66

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2013-01-01

67

Natural Fibers Research and Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bureau of Business Research of the Graduate School of Business at the University of Texas at Austin maintains this site, which is highlighted by two research databases, CotRes and NatStat. CotRes is a searchable database of ongoing cotton research in the US. It can be searched by any of five variables (including major subject category) and most records contain a brief description of the research. NatStat contains marketing and economic statistics for such fibers as cotton, oilseeds, wool, and mohair. While these statistics concentrate on Texas, selected state, national, and international statistics are also available. NatStat also provides links to selected government reports. The Research and Information Center site provides a compendium of news on natural fibers and information about the mission and research of the center.

68

Student Difficulties in Physics Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Student Difficulties in Physics Information Center. The site provides a list of documented student misconceptions and difficulties, along with questions that can be used in a classroom to discover if students have these misconceptions and/or difficulties. The web site links to research on each specific misconception. The material is divided into sections on position, velocity, acceleration, forces, graphs, and problem solving.

Brown, Tom

2007-05-22

69

Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Security is on the minds of many in higher education, and the Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) is very interested in playing a major role in this area of training and scholarship. With funds from the National Science Foundation, CSSIA has been working on developing an associate's degree program in information technology security, and on providing professional development opportunities and curricular materials. Visitors to the site can learn about their many partner institutions, check in on their calendar of upcoming conferences, and also learn about job opportunities in this field. Finally, visitors can also read evaluation reports created by CSSIA's in-house team of experts.

70

Promoting Evidence-Informed Practice in Child Welfare in Ontario: Progress, Challenges and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Practice and Research Together (PART) is an Ontario-based research utilization initiative, the core function of which is to distil and disseminate practice-relevant research findings to child welfare practitioners. This article addresses (a) the mission and goals of the PART program; (b) the key components of the program design; (c) the…

Shera, Wes; Dill, Katharine

2012-01-01

71

Promoting Evidence-Informed Practice in Child Welfare in Ontario: Progress, Challenges and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practice and Research Together (PART) is an Ontario-based research utilization initiative, the core function of which is to distil and disseminate practice-relevant research findings to child welfare practitioners. This article addresses (a) the mission and goals of the PART program; (b) the key components of the program design; (c) the conceptual…

Shera, Wes; Dill, Katharine

2012-01-01

72

Information spreading and development of cultural centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions.

Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

2012-05-01

73

7 CFR 3430.1008 - Sun Grant Information Analysis Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. 3430.1008...PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Sun Grant Program § 3430.1008 Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. The...

2013-01-01

74

Agriculture Network Information Center (AgNIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This meta-site is highlighted by the database and information system directory, an exhaustively annotated section containing hundreds of items. Also included are a meetings calendar, over 30 topic-based links to directories of experts, a small annotated directory of pointers to other agricultural meta-sources, a pilot on-line reference service center, and a section of plant disease announcements. It also contains the AGRICOLA Subject Category Code Scope Notes. The U.S. National Agricultural Library maintains this site.

1998-01-01

75

Social Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is commonly agreed that social welfare ideas and philosophies emanate from many faith traditions, the complex\\u000a link between religion and social welfare merits careful examination. Prowelfare values only set the overall social expectations;\\u000a they do not create formal social welfare programs. Helping the needy can range from a one-time help for a known neighbor to\\u000a the establishment of

Ram A. Cnaan; Charlene C. McGrew

76

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed to provide women with authoritative and timely knowledge of a host of womens health issues, the National Womens Health Information Center site (sponsored by the US Department of Health and Human Services) offers a reliable and thorough overview of hundreds of topics and current news briefs. Health topics on the site (which range from abstinence to yellow fever) are alphabetically listed or can also be located by entering keywords. Visitors to the site can also sign up here to receive weekly health tips via email. Along with featuring information on health topics, other issues affecting women are well-represented here, including domestic violence awareness and body image. Also helpful is the fact that the site is also available in Spanish, which will be useful to Spanish-speaking persons and health professionals working with Spanish speakers.

77

PACE Center: A Mobile Career Information and Exploration Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative component of the Federally-sponsored Bingham County career education project is the Programed Activities for Career Exploration (PACE) Center, a mobile unit offering programed student activities to assist individual students in career planning. The mobile center visits each high school in the county; the sophomore year is selected as…

Bingham County Career Education, Blackfoot, ID.

78

Welfare's End.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the 1920s, progressive women activists invented welfare to help mothers and their children survive when breadwinning fathers either died or abandoned their families. During the 1930s, the local mothers' pension programs of the Progressive Era became part of the emerging national welfare state, which was conceived to relieve poor single…

Mink, Gwendolyn

79

A Solar Information Center on the Web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Solar Information Center (SIC), under development at Stanford University, provides a Web entry point to a range of services specific to the Solar Physics research community. A key design goal is to allow its databases to be filled and maintained by users with a minimum of central management. The SIC provides four basic information services: SolarData, SolarMail, SolarNews, and a Bulletin Board. SolarData, designated as the Solar Physics discipline node for the NASA Space Physics Data System, is a community-based active catalogue for solar data archives. Institutions and individuals are free to register any publicly accessible data holdings, and users are provided with a quick query service to locate data of interest from among the registered sets. SolarMail is a widely-used electronic mail forwarding service and personal information database for Solar Physics, and the SIC allows users to interactively open and maintain accounts and to query the database. SolarNews is an electronic newsletter for the Solar community produced in cooperation with the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society. It is distributed through SolarMail and the SIC maintains an on-line archive. Non-archival announcements can be posted freely to a community Bulletin Board on the SIC.

Bogart, R. S.; Tian, K.

80

Information Scientists: Between Editors and Data Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the emergence of electronic publications in the early 1990s, astronomy has played a pioneering role in the development and implementation of new capabilities and services. As a data center, the CDS contributed significantly to this evolution: a synergy between data centers and journal editors started in the 1990s with the publication of large tables and data sets in electronic form and contributed to an efficient linking of publications with existing databases like SIMBAD or NED. This collaborative work, carried out in practice by information scientists, illustrates a new role for us who now have to deal with both editor and database requirements. After a short description of the CDS, we present our peculiar responsibilities related to the publication process: ensuring, prior to publication, that the link from selected objects quoted by the authors in their papers to the SIMBAD database is correct and maintained in the long term, that the tables and their complete descriptions are accessible through VizieR, and that the data and bibliography are correctly entered in SIMBAD. The Dictionary of Nomenclature, which plays an important role in these procedures, is briefly presented. Finally, the skills we developed for these activities are shortly discussed.

Brouty, M.; Woelfel, F.; Bruneau, C.; Brunet, C.; Claude, H.; Dubois, P.; Eisele, A.; Genova, F.; Lesteven, S.; Neuville, M.; Ochsenbein, F.; Perret, E.; Vannier, P.; Vonflie, P.; Chassagnard, G.

2010-10-01

81

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Women's Health Information Center (NWHIC) is a service of the Office of Women's Health, which was originally established in 1991. Without a doubt, this fine site will be of great interest to health care professionals, educators, and a wide segment of society. Their homepage offers a wide array of helpful resources, divided into topics such as pregnancy and breastfeeding, funding opportunities, and a set of health tools. The health tools area is particularly useful as it offers such resources as ovulation calculator, a BMI calculator, and a heart disease risk test. Visitors to the homepage will also want to look through the day's health news, search their event calendar, and access the most recently updated sections. Finally, a number of these resources are available in Spanish.

82

A Network System of Medical and Welfare Information Service for the Patients, Their Families, Hospitals, Local Governments, and Commercial Companies in a Medical Service Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

A service information system using the Internet, which connected the various people who are related to medical treatment and nursing welfare, was constructed. An intractable neurological disease patient who lives in the Onga district, Fukuoka, Japan, and the people who are related to the service were chosen as test users in an experimental model. The communicated service information was divided

Kouji Matsumura; Yasuaki Antoku; Reika Inoue; Mariko Kobayashi; Eisuke Hanada; Yasutaka Iwasaki; Yasushi Kumagai; Haruya Iwamoto; Saburo Tsuchihashi; Miho Iwaki; Jun-ichi Kira; Yoshiaki Nose

2002-01-01

83

USDA Food and Nutrition Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nutrition is very important, and coming across high-quality websites on the subject is a real treat. The United States Department of Agriculture created the Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) in 1971, and their work is designed to provide a broad range of resources of nutrition for health professionals, educators, government personnel, and consumers. As with many of the USDA's sites, visitors can perform a full search using the embedded search engine, or use the "I Want To..." area to look up calories or nutrients in a food or ask a question of their resource specialists. First-time visitors should also look at their "Spotlights" section, which includes a special food pyramid for pregnant and nursing moms, the "Healthy Meals" resource system for child nutrition professionals, and food safety information. For those who know more or less what they are looking for, they can take advantage of the subject headings on the left-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find resources on weight and obesity, dietary supplements, dietary guidance, and food labeling.

84

Family welfare programme.  

PubMed

Tamil Nadu is the first Indian State to recognize the basic relevance of family planning to national planning. It was given national awards for outstanding work in family planning for every year except 1964 from 1961 to 1967, and from 1973 to 1976. Family planning activity was initiated in large maternity hospitals as a postpartum program. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act was first implemented in Tamil Nadu. 141 institutions have been certified for the operation. An oral pill program is being implemented in all the rural and urban family welfare centers including the hospitals. The family welfare program has been fully integrated with the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) program which has created confidence among people that their children will be protected from health hazards. The MCH Schemes are conducted through primary health care (PHC) centers, urban family welfare centers, MCH centers, hospitals, and dispensaries. Dais are trained to improve the techniques of midwifery and aid delivery in a hygienic manner. Dais can also use their influence in the local community to further family planning. It is proposed to establish additional subcenters in selected districts to average 1/center/5000 population. The government continues to sponsor and fund equipment, facilities, and infrastructure to facilitate sterilization operations in primary health centers. PMID:12262521

Namadevan, V

1980-07-01

85

University of Kentucky Agricultural Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're just starting to learn about agriculture, biology, or human environmental sciences, it can be a bit daunting. There are hundreds of online resources dealing with such matters, and separating the wheat from the chaff can be taxing and time-consuming. Valerie Perry and Jo Staggs-Neel at the University of Kentucky Library's Agricultural Information Center have created these three excellent research guides to the aforementioned subjects. The guides contain seven or eight separate subsections, including "Electronic Resources", "Best Databases", and "Frequently Cited Journals". Each guide also contains a "New Resource" area which profiles a newly added resource that complements the existing set of resources. A number of the links lead to resources that require a password or subscription, but there are enough here with open access to pique the interest of persons new to the field. Overall, it's a good way to get a basic grounding in the important online and offline resources in these three scholarly subjects.

86

The National Air Pollution Technical Information Center— A Progress Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This progress report describes the National Air Pollution Technical Information Center currently under development in the Division of Air Pollution, Public Health Service. It briefly reviews the report \\

Victor C. Searle; Robert Porter

1965-01-01

87

The Public Secrets of Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discourses surrounding the abolition of the federal welfare system provide an excellent opportunity to investigate instances in which people cling to erroneous beliefs in the face of clear proof of error. Gendered and racialized stereotypes abound in public discourse about welfare, and it is tempting to assume that those stereotypes remain in play because alternative information is not available.

Robert Pallitto

2010-01-01

88

The Adverse Selection Effects of Net Worth and the Crash of Land Price Welfare Effects of Demand and Supply Shocks under Asymmetric Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how the adverse selection effects of net worth will change the welfare effects of demand and supply shocks. In the economy, there exists asymmetric information in the financial market, under which an increase in the value of net worth may rule out good type of firms from the financial market. We show that in this type of

Shin-ichi Fukuda; Ji Cong

1993-01-01

89

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. 40.5 Section 40...Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized access...Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2013-04-01

90

User-centered evaluation of information: a research challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - This paper sets out to present the concept of the value of information, review the descriptive, rational, social and behavioral approaches for assessing the value of information, and explain why user-centered rather than information-centered evaluations are the most relevant. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The paper starts by highlighting the main facets and market characteristics which influence the value of information.

Daphne R. Raban

2007-01-01

91

Internet Advertising, Game Theory and Consumer Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to consider the implications of Internet advertising, for prospective consumer welfare gains\\/losses. The implications of imperfect information among buyers are discussed to highlight the role of intermediaries and search agents in enhancing consumer welfare in a world of complex products and uncertainty. The argument demonstrates that despite possessing welfare enhancing potential the retailing of

Marcus Chi-hung Ling; Kevin Lawler

2001-01-01

92

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

93

After Welfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, the American RadioWorks has raised the bar for like-minded radio documentary programs, producing thought-provoking and insightful studies on topics such as, Congressional reform, intelligent design, and international adoption programs. In this recently released documentary, John Biewen has created this introspective look into the world of welfare reform in the United States, and how it has affected the lives of five different women and their families. The women profiled come from a host of different backgrounds, and visitors may be surprised at some of the findings that Biewen presents in the documentary. The site also includes an interactive feature that allows users to find out how their own state ranks in terms of welfare and foodstamp recipients, welfare check sizes, time limits, and unemployment rates. Visitors can also look over a list of additional external links of interest and also read the complete transcript of the program.

Biewen, John

2006-01-01

94

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

95

Lifting the Welfare Spending Shroud: The Ambiguity around Expenditures Lessens with First Release of Information. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that welfare reform offers new opportunities to apply dollars toward several initiatives beyond cash grants, this special report of the Voices for Illinois Children provides a detailed accounting of Illinois welfare expenditures for federal fiscal years (FFY) 1998 and 1999 and is intended to serve as a starting point toward greater clarity…

Matakis, Brian

96

Associations between center-based care accreditation status and the early educational outcomes of children in the child welfare system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the corpus of studies demonstrating the positive effects of high quality early care and education (ECE) experiences on the development and early academic outcome of children who attend ECE centers, the current study aims to expand on the literature by exploring the effects of quality, as measured by accreditation status, on the developmental and early academic outcomes of children

Laura H. Dinehart; Louis Manfra; Lynne F. Katz; Suzanne C. Hartman

2012-01-01

97

Legal Issues for an Integrated Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to collect, store, retrieve, and combine information in computerized databases has magnified the potential for misuse of information. Laws have begun to deal with these new threats by expanding rights of privacy, copyright, misrepresentation, products liability, and defamation. Laws regarding computerized databases are certain to…

Rees, Warren; And Others

1991-01-01

98

Managerial Cost Accounting for a Technical Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A two-fold solution to the cost information deficiency problem is proposed. A formal managerial cost accounting system is designed expressly for the two information services of retrospective search and selective dissemination. The system was employed during a trial period to test its effectiveness in a technical information center. Once…

Helmkamp, John G.

99

Abstracting and Indexing Manual: Procedures of the CEC Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual explains abstracting and indexing styles and procedures used at the Council for Exceptional Children Information Center in preparing information for publication and entrance into the information retrieval system. General abstracting guidelines cover types of abstracts, form of abstract, content of abstract, abstracting guidelines for…

Woodworth, Karen L.

100

State Data Centers: improving access to census information.  

PubMed

"The U.S. Bureau of the Census created the State Data Center program in 1978 to improve public access to census information. This article discusses the background, structure, and services of that program; the role of libraries in the program; and future directions in State Data Center/library relationships. The appendix lists contact person names, as well as addresses and telephone numbers for State Data Center lead agencies." PMID:12280593

Redmond, M

1986-01-01

101

The LIGO Science Education Center: Partnering Labs, Universities, Education Agencies and Informal Learning Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program is described for a seamless approach to informal and formal science teaching and learning built around a Science Education Center to be located at LIGO, Livingston, Louisiana. Under an NSF collaborative grant, four institutions are partnering to create an exemplary educational resource to promote science learning and understanding. The Science Education Center will feature approximately 40 interactive exhibits

John Thacker

2005-01-01

102

School Media Centers as Instructional Resources. The Informed Educator Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the most effective schools, the potential for positive impact of the school library media center and the library media specialist is recognized, and teachers and media specialists work together routinely to support teaching and learning. This "Informed Educator" examines both the elements of an effective school library media center and the…

Molineaux, Rebecca

2007-01-01

103

News Note: NCI Awards Cancer Information Service Contact Center  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute announced yesterday the selection of a single organization for a multiple year contract award to operate its Cancer Information Service (CIS) Contact Center. The program will be located at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Wash., and will serve the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S.-associated Pacific Territories.

104

National Health Planning Information Center Subject Classification Schedule and Index.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The classification tools used by the National Health Planning Information Center (NHPIC) as aids in retrieving abstracts and other document surrogates from the computerized data base are presented. The subject classification schedule includes approximatel...

1976-01-01

105

49. COMMAND INFORMATION CENTER (CIC) AFT LOOKING FORWARD PORT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. COMMAND INFORMATION CENTER (CIC) - AFT LOOKING FORWARD PORT TO STARBOARD SHOWING VARIOUS TYPES OF RADAR UNITS, PLOT TABLES AND PLOTTING BOARDS. - U.S.S. HORNET, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Sinclair Inlet, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

106

Network Information Center and Computer Augmented Team Interaction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research reported is aimed at the development of online computer aids for augmenting the performance of individuals and teams engaged in intellectual work, and the development of the Network Information Center for the ARPA Computer Network. The report...

D. C. Engelbart

1971-01-01

107

Economic Welfare and the Production of Information by a Monopolist: The Case of Drug Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a specific model to analyze a monopolist's incentives to produce information about a consumer product. The particular example considered is testing of a therapeutic drug whose probability of undesirable side effects is not precisely known. The main result of the paper is that ex post pricing latitude by a monopolist (after the results of drug testing are

Evan R. Kwerel

1980-01-01

108

“Animal Welfare” Practices along the Food Chain: How Does Negative and Positive Information Affect Consumers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing a global brand means developing its equity but also protecting it from global challenges (Shocker et al., 1994) and from the risk of negative shocks that may affect a brand (Okada and Rubstein, 1998), a multi-national company (Klein and Dawar, 2004) or a whole industry (Roehm and Tybout, 2006). Negative information shocks may arise because of sudden product-harm crises

Domenico Dentoni; Glynn T. Tonsor; Roger J. Calantone; H. Christopher Peterson

2009-01-01

109

Interactive Media Center: Digital Image Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Confused by how to get better photos with your digital camera? Intrigued by the thought of learning more about Photoshop? The fine folks at the Interactive Media Center at the State University of New York, University of Albany cover these topics (and many more) on this site. The materials here were originally created to assist students at the university, but they are now available for the general public as well. There are over two dozen mini-tutorials here, and they include "Photoshop CS4: Basic Tips & Tricks," "Create Text Filled with a Photograph in Photoshop," and "Ten Tips for Using Images on the Web." There are also a number of "See It In Action" interactive demonstrations that show interested parties how to use the Photoshop crop tool and how to reset photo resolutions on Photoshop for printing.

Lipera, Roger

110

Aquaculture Network Information Center (AquaNIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Links to national and international level electronic resources for aquaculture information including: scientific institutions, agencies, industries, news, newsletters, job listings, discussion groups, courses, species, publications, and commercial products. Goals include: providing self-paced aquaculture instruction to the aquaculture industry, and obtaining user input in directing AquaNIC services. A version in Spanish is being prepared.

111

Toward a New Welfare Foundation for Sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate over various definitions of sustainability has for the most part been conducted within the framework of traditional welfare economics. Discussion has centered on technical issues imbedded within the functional forms of various optimization models, especially the coefficient of the elasticity of substitution and the social discount rate. A more basic problem is that intractable theoretical difficulties within welfare

John M. Gowdy

2004-01-01

112

Toward a new welfare economics for sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate over various definitions of sustainability has for the most part been conducted within the framework of traditional welfare economics. Discussion has centered on technical issues imbedded within the functional forms of various optimization models, especially the coefficient of the elasticity of substitution and the social discount rate. Two more basic problems are: (1) intractable theoretical difficulties within welfare

John Gowdy

2005-01-01

113

Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for…

Martin, J. Sperling

1992-01-01

114

Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for implementation.…

Martin, J. Sperling

1992-01-01

115

Global Observing Systems Information Center (GOSIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive site was established at the College of Marine Studies of the University of Delaware, to provide a single entry point for users of data and information produced by three global observing systems. The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) focuses on satellite and in situ observations for climate in the atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial domain. Ocean Observing Systems for climate are planned jointly with the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS). Terrestrial climate observing systems are planned jointly with the Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS). The site features data, maps, diagrams, data matrices, and data flow diagrams.

Gosic

116

Center for International Health Information (CIHI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The CIHI Website provides data on current status and trends in population, nutrition, and health for developing countries that receive USAID assistance. Country, regional, and time series data are available in tables in either text or .pdf format for sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Near East, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Indicators include infant and maternal mortality, nutritional status, vaccination coverage, contraceptive use, and population and fertility rates. Users can download Global Health Data Viewer (GHDV) software containing over 60 indicators from 200 countries from the site. GHDV allows users to display a selected single point in time or time series data in spreadsheet or graphic form for manipulation or export to other programs. Other sections of the site contain reports of USAID projects and links to international population and health information sources.

117

Indian Child Welfare Act: Existing Information on Implementation Issues Could Be Used to Target Guidance and Assistance to States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the 1960s and 1970s, American Indian children were about six times more likely to be placed in foster care than other children and many were placed in non-American Indian homes or institutions. In 1978, the Congress enacted the Indian Child Welfare Act...

2005-01-01

118

Actions Needed to Ensure Scientific and Technical Information is Adequately Reviewed at Goddard Space Flight Center, Johnson Space Center, Langley Research Center, and Marshall Space Flight Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This audit was initiated in response to a hotline complaint regarding the review, approval, and release of scientific and technical information (STI) at Johnson Space Center. The complainant alleged that Johnson personnel conducting export control reviews...

2008-01-01

119

Race and Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on African American and Caucasian welfare recipients in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to determine if there were differences in their experience with employers and private welfare agencies. The study found that despite having higher education levels and higher job training completion rates, African American welfare recipients did not fare any better than Caucasians in

Michael Bonds

2006-01-01

120

CEC and the Development of a Professional Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed is the historical background of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), and described are the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system and CEC's literature collection entitled "Exceptional Child Education Resources" (ECER). Plans for the Council's future, including the development of its own computer system for…

Geer, William C.

121

Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

2012-10-25

122

The Academic Library as a Full-Service Information Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Information Center (IC) evolved to take control of technology, to integrate the library's growing collection of networked resources with its service mission, to build a team of personnel committed to the success of the IC, and to integrate assessment into the cycle of change at the Mansfield Library.|

Samson, Sue; Oelz, Erling

2005-01-01

123

Focus on Parents: The Parenting Materials Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To bridge the gap between producers of parenting materials and potential users, the National Institute of Education funded the Southwest Educational Laboratory to design, develop, and research the effectiveness of a model Parenting Materials Information Center. During the last 2 years this model has been developed to include more than 1400…

Espinoza, Renato

124

Social Services Information System. Data Control Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The duties of data control personnel at a PDP-10 data processing center providing computer support to any number of county welfare departments participating in the Colorado Department of Social Services' Social Services Information System (SSIS) are descr...

1975-01-01

125

The Status of Federal Libraries and Information Centers in the United States: Results from the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. Statistical Analysis Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The data collected through the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey present a picture of federal libraries and information centers that provide a wide variety of services to their respective agencies as well as to the general public. Federal libraries and information centers reported holding over 51 million volumes or volume…

Hawkins, Evelyn F.; Rossi, Robert J.

126

How the Child Welfare System Works  

MedlinePLUS

... Practice Family-Centered Practice Home Philosophy and Key Elements of Family-Centered Practice Family-Centered Practice Across the ... Connections Act Laws & Policies Library Search Mandated Reporters Publications Catalog Resources in ... Care Stay Connected Home » How the Child Welfare ...

127

NASA -- CODI: Center for Ozone Data and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Ozone Data and Information was developed by NASA to provide support services for the ozone research community. Users can find materials, data, and links on many satellite, shuttle, ground-based, and other atmospheric-related missions. Researchers can learn about many data analysis tools and other software. The website provides downloads of important publications as well as information about upcoming conferences and meetings. Students and educators can find many links to information about the ozone and air quality. This well-organized site offers a great overview of the atmospheric research taking place by NASA and affiliated organizations.

128

In search of welfare-improving gifts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gift giving is thought to decrease welfare. Recipients are sometimes stuck with gifts they would not have purchased because the giver does not perfectly know the recipient's preferences and in-kind gifts cannot be costlessly refunded. Such gifts are welfare reducing compared to giving cash if, in addition, recipients possess full information as to which stores carry their desired goods and

Todd R. Kaplan; Bradley J. Ruffle

2008-01-01

129

Educators benefit from energy information centers at nuclear plant sites  

SciTech Connect

While issues like dry storage, low-level waste storage, radiation, and license extension are projects with a technical perspective that need to be planned and executed at nuclear power plants, more difficult is the political perspective-gaining public acceptance to allow these projects to proceed. And public perception is predicated on the way plant neighbors and community members understand, accept, and trust the plants. Community educators are a key audience. Annually, U.S. information centers host about one million visitors; roughly half of them are school children who will soon join the ranks of voters, taxpayers, utility customers, and employees. Programs for educators and their classes vary from tours of centers that include computer games and video programs on energy-related topics to audio-visual presentations by center personnel. Some facilities have environmental activities such as hatcheries or nature trails, while others offer plant tours to specific age groups.

Krcma-Olson, L. [Wisconsin Electric, Two Rivers, WI (United States)

1994-12-31

130

Transit Accessibility to Jobs and Employment Prospects of Welfare Recipients Without Cars: A Study of Broward County, Florida, Using Geographic Information Systems and an Econometric Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

On August 22, 1996, President William Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. This legislation, widely known as the welfare reform act, transformed welfare from a long-term support program into one with a primary objective of moving people off the welfare rolls into gainful employment in the shortest possible time. The passage of this act renewed a

Bhuiyan Monwar Alam

2009-01-01

131

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's website. NCBI resources include Entrez, PubMed, PubMed Central, LocusLink, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene,

David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Wolfgang Helmberg; David L. Kenton; Oleg Khovayko; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Joan U. Pontius; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Grigory Starchenko; Tugba O. Suzek; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

2005-01-01

132

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval and resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources

David L. Wheeler; Colombe Chappey; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Gregory D. Schuler; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Barbara A. Rapp

2000-01-01

133

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

2001-01-01

134

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBanknucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR,

David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Vyacheslav Chetvernin; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Lewis Y. Geer; Yuri Kapustin; Oleg Khovayko; David Landsman; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Vadim Miller; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Alexandre Souvorov; Grigory Starchenko; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

2007-01-01

135

Graphical Facility Information Center (GraFIC{trademark})  

SciTech Connect

The Graphical Facility Information Center (GraFIC{trademark}) is an information system that provides an inexpensive and flexible method of remotely verifying complete {open_quotes}up-to-the-minute{close_quotes} inventory status of stored items and facility assets. In addition, GraFIC{trademark} provides features needed for day to day management of storage and other facilities. GraFIC{trademark} combines an easy to use graphical user interface with extensive online help so that users need little training. GraFIC{trademark} can be configured to work with most sensor systems used to monitor facility assets.

Dunigan, J.J.; Gaby, J.E.; Hickerson, T.W.; Miller, M.A. [and others

1997-07-01

136

Environmental Quality Information Analysis Center multi-year plan  

SciTech Connect

An information analysis center (IAC) is a federal resource that provides technical information for a specific technology field. An IAC links an expert technical staff with an experienced information specialist group, supported by in-house or external data bases to provide technical information and maintain a corporate knowledge in a technical area. An IAC promotes the rapid transfer of technology among its users and provides assistance in adopting new technology and predicting and assessing emerging technology. This document outlines the concept, requirements, and proposed development of an Environmental Quality IAC (EQIAC). An EQIAC network is composed of several nodes, each of which has specific technology capabilities. This document outlines strategic and operational objectives for the phased development of one such node of an EQIAC network.

Rivera, R.G. (RDG, Inc. (United States)); Das, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Walsh, T.E. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States))

1992-09-01

137

National Center for Biotechnology Information: PubChem Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), "PubChem contains the chemical structures of small organic molecules and information on their biological activities. It is intended to support the Molecular Libraries and Imaging component of the NIH Roadmap Initiative." PubChem users can search the chemical structure database by chemical properties, structural similarity, and descriptive terms. PubChem utilizes three connected databases--PubChem Compound, PubChem Substance, and PubChem BioAssay--all of which operate inside the Entrez/PubMed information retrieval system. In addition, the site offers the PubChem Structure Search tool for quick similarity searches. The site also links to contact information for the Structure Group research staff, and selected online publications.

138

Child Welfare Workers' Adoption of Decision Support Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers must process complex information in deciding to refer clients to appropriate mental health services. Decision support systems have been demonstrated in other fields to be an important tool, yet little research has been done in child welfare. This study focused on the adoption of a specific decision support system into child welfare practice. Quantitative analysis was used

Kirk A. Foster; Arlene R. Stiffman

2009-01-01

139

Implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The information sheet, consisting of four pages, looks at the implementation of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 by presenting goals of welfare agencies working with Indian families, provisions of the Act, reasons for reluctancy of states to accept tribal jurisdiction of child welfare cases, and criteria for evaluating petitions for…

National Indian Child Abuse and Neglect Resource Center, Tulsa, OK.

140

Welfare Reform in Rural Missouri: The Experience of Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the impact of the 1996 federal welfare legislation on rural families in Missouri. We analyze primary data obtained from interviews with 162 single-mother families with children residing in six rural counties in Missouri who are either former or current welfare recipients. This information was substantiated by focus group interviews with current or former welfare recipients conducted between

Shanta Pandey; Shirley Porterfield; Hyeji Choi-Ko; Hong-Sik Yoon

2003-01-01

141

Laboratory Animal Welfare Supplement IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is the fourth supplement to a 1984 bibliography on laboratory animal welfare. Items presented were selected because they represent some of the most significant of those providing recent information or because they were considered useful. The period covered is October, 1986 through October, 1987. Monographs, conference proceedings,…

Gluckstein, Fritz P., Comp.

142

Federal Libraries and Information Centers in the United States: 1994. E.D. Tabs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on information from the Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey, FY 1994. Data in this report came from federal libraries and information centers that meet certain criteria, which includes having at least one paid part-time or full-time principal staff person. Nationwide, 94.1% of the libraries and information centers

Bureau of the Census (DOC), Washington, DC. Governments Div.

143

Evaluation of the Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) Program for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) program was evaluated by an interview technique after one year of operation. The data base for the SDI consists of the periodic document index records input to the AMIC system. The users are 63 engineers, scientists, and technical administrators at the…

Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

144

Information Bulletins from the Calculator Information Center. Bulletins 1-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are seven Information Bulletins from the Calculator Information Center. Each addresses concerns that have arisen as teachers consider the use of calculators or begin to use calculators. Bulletin No. 1, prepared by Higgins, discusses "Types of Calculators." The second bulletin, compiled by Channell, presents some suggested activities for…

Suydam, Marilyn N., Ed.

145

Developing a Global Precipitation Data and Information Services Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precipitation is among a number of atmospheric variables that are difficult to measure and predict. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is a joint U.S.-Japan satellite mission to monitor tropical and subtropical (40° S - 40° N) precipitation and to estimate its associated latent heating. The TRMM satellite provides the first detailed and comprehensive dataset on the four dimensional distribution of rainfall and latent heating over vastly undersampled tropical and subtropical oceans and continents. The TRMM satellite was launched on November 27, 1997. TRMM data products are archived at and distributed by the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). To facilitate data and information access and support precipitation research and applications, we are developing a Precipitation Data and Information Services Center (PDISC). The PDISC will primarily provide precipitation data and address uncertainty relate to three conditions (past, current and future). The past condition will allow users to access precipitation data archives consisting of both remote sensing and in-situ observations. Users could use the data to conduct a wide variety of activities, including case studies, model evaluation, uncertainty investigation, etc. To support Earth science applications, the current condition will provide users with near-real-time precipitation products online over the Internet. Inter-comparison of different near-real-time precipitation products will also be provided so bias and uncertainty issues can be assessed. Precipitation forecast can be important in many decision making activities. The PIDISC will provide this information in the future condition section. Data analysis, display and delivery will be achieved by extending and enhancing capabilities in the existing user friendly TRMM Online Visualization and Analysis System (TOVAS, URL: http://disc2.nascom.nasa.gov/Giovanni/tovas/). The PDISC system diagram and examples of data and services will be presented.

Liu, Z.; Teng, W.; Chiu, L.; Rui, H.

2006-05-01

146

Women on Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the ASI, a multi-dimensional survey instrument, data were collected on women in Florida's welfare program (WAGES). The women manifested serious problems in terms of physical and mental health, employment skills and childcare needs. Length of time on welfare was strongly associated with the severity of recipients' problems. Women with 2 + years on welfare were significantly more likely to

Jeffrey C. Merrill; Sarah Ring-Kurtz; Delia Olufokunbi; Sherril Aversa; Jennifer Sherker

2001-01-01

147

Information Extraction from Unstructured Text for the Biodefense Knowledge Center  

SciTech Connect

The Bio-Encyclopedia at the Biodefense Knowledge Center (BKC) is being constructed to allow an early detection of emerging biological threats to homeland security. It requires highly structured information extracted from variety of data sources. However, the quantity of new and vital information available from every day sources cannot be assimilated by hand, and therefore reliable high-throughput information extraction techniques are much anticipated. In support of the BKC, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, together with the University of Utah, are developing an information extraction system built around the bioterrorism domain. This paper reports two important pieces of our effort integrated in the system: key phrase extraction and semantic tagging. Whereas two key phrase extraction technologies developed during the course of project help identify relevant texts, our state-of-the-art semantic tagging system can pinpoint phrases related to emerging biological threats. Also we are enhancing and tailoring the Bio-Encyclopedia by augmenting semantic dictionaries and extracting details of important events, such as suspected disease outbreaks. Some of these technologies have already been applied to large corpora of free text sources vital to the BKC mission, including ProMED-mail, PubMed abstracts, and the DHS's Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection (IAIP) news clippings. In order to address the challenges involved in incorporating such large amounts of unstructured text, the overall system is focused on precise extraction of the most relevant information for inclusion in the BKC.

Samatova, N F; Park, B; Krishnamurthy, R; Munavalli, R; Symons, C; Buttler, D J; Cottom, T; Critchlow, T J; Slezak, T

2005-04-29

148

32 CFR 637.14 - Use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC). 637.14 Section...INVESTIGATION Investigations § 637.14 Use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC). Provost...

2010-07-01

149

77 FR 56710 - Proposed Information Collection (Call Center Satisfaction Survey): Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2900-0744] Proposed Information Collection (Call Center Satisfaction Survey): Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration...forms of information technology. Title: VBA Call Center Satisfaction Survey. OMB Control Number: 2900-0744. Type of...

2012-09-13

150

77 FR 70211 - Agency Information Collection Activities (Call Center Satisfaction Survey) Under OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency Information Collection Activities (Call Center Satisfaction Survey) Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: VBA Call Center Satisfaction Survey. OMB Control Number: 2900-0744. Type of...

2012-11-23

151

Environmental Quality Information Analysis Center (EQIAC) operating procedures handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Operating Procedures Handbook of the Environmental Quality Information Analysis Center (EQIAC) is intended to be kept current as EQIAC develops and evolves. Its purpose is to provide a comprehensive guide to the mission, infrastructure, functions, and operational procedures of EQIAC. The handbook is a training tool for new personnel and a reference manual for existing personnel. The handbook will be distributed throughout EQIAC and maintained in binders containing current dated editions of the individual sections. The handbook will be revised at least annually to reflect the current structure and operational procedures of EQIAC. The EQIAC provides information on environmental issues such as compliance, restoration, and environmental monitoring do the Air Force and DOD contractors.

Walsh, T.E. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)); Das, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-08-01

152

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2011-10-01

153

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-10-01 false Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2009-10-01

154

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 true Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2010-10-01

155

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2012-10-01

156

The Role of the Specialized Information Analysis Center in Materials Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical information needed for the proper selection of ,materials to meet specific design, economic, and service conditions is becoming increasingly difficult to extract from the tremendous amount of published literature. The purpose of this paper is to inform engineers of the services of specialized information analysis centers, organized to combat this materials information explosion. The concept of information analysis centers

J. Milek; S. Welles

1968-01-01

157

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1991 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specially publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC's staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC's staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC's response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, factsheets, specially publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC's information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M.; Stoss, F.W.

1992-06-01

158

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1991 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specially publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC`s staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC`s staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC`s response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, factsheets, specially publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC`s information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M.; Stoss, F.W.

1992-06-01

159

[Reducing fragmentation in the care of frail older people: the successful development and implementation of the Health and Welfare Information Portal].  

PubMed

Our fragmented health care systems are insufficiently equipped to provide frail older people with high quality of care. Therefore, we developed the Health and Welfare Information Portal (ZWIP), an e-health intervention which aims (1) to facilitate self-management by frail older people and informal caregivers and (2) to improve collaboration among professionals. The ZWIP is a personal conference table, accessible through a secure internet connection, for multidisciplinary communication and information exchange for frail older people, their informal caregivers and professionals. After development, the ZWIP was implemented in seven general practices, and this process was evaluated by means of a mixed-methods study. Eventually, 290 frail older people and 169 professionals participated in the ZWIP. Most professionals were positive about its implementation. Facilitators for the implementation were the experienced need for improvement of interprofessional collaboration and the user-friendliness of the ZWIP. Barriers were the low computer-literacy of frail older people, start-up problems, preferring personal contact, and limited use of the ZWIP by other professionals. In sum, this article describes the successful development and implementation of the ZWIP, an e-health intervention which can reduce fragmentation in the care of frail older people. PMID:23494689

Robben, S H M; Heinen, M M; Makai, P; Olde Rikkert, M G M; Perry, M; Schers, H J; Melis, R J F

2013-04-01

160

Nuclear Information Data Bases and Communication Systems of the NUCLEAR INFORMATION CENTER  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes experiences in developing computerized systems at the Nuclear Information Center in Central Res. Inst. of Electric Power Ind. regarding nuclear plant information. Chapter 1 and 2 touch upon the motivation and the objectives, respectively, for the development of the systems. Basic design concept, systems integration and systems function are explained in Chapter 3. Some examples of the displays on the terminal are shown in Chapter 4. Finally, problems encountered while developing and also future aspects are summarized in Chapter 5.

Ohno, Tadayuki; Nishijima, Yoshimasa

161

Development of Cost Benefit Methodology for Scientific and Technical Information Communication and Application to Information Analysis Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the project was to improve the economic information available for formulating policies and making decisions related to Information Analysis Centers (IAC's) and IAC services. The project used a systems model of IAC information activities to ...

R. M. Mason

1977-01-01

162

Behavior analysis and farm animal welfare  

PubMed Central

This article demonstrates that there is a role for behavior-analytic techniques in the area of farm animal welfare and provides examples of the kinds of work that can be done. Behavior-analytic procedures, specifically those used in the study of psychophysics, preference, and demand, can provide answers to three questions people concerned with the welfare of farm animals are likely to ask: What can the animals detect? What do they like and dislike? What will they work to attain or preserve? Such information certainly is necessary for making reasonable decisions about animal welfare, although it is not sufficient in and of itself.

Foster, T. Mary; Temple, William; Poling, Alan

1997-01-01

163

Zoo animal welfare.  

PubMed

The history of zoo animal welfare legislation extends back to 1876, and is often tied to general animal welfare regulations. As knowledge and societal values have changed, so have the focus of zoos and the regulations governing them. Today, the issues involved in zoo animal welfare are complex and broad-based. Building on the basic welfare tenets of adequate feed, water, shelter, sanitation and veterinary care, current issues include the following: handling and training of captive animals, psychological well-being and environmental enrichment, enclosure design, species preservation, environmental and conservation issues, captive-breeding programmes. Complicating the matter further, government regulations try to assimilate all aspects of zoo animal welfare into the laws to provide humane care and handling for all species concerned. Zoo animal welfare will remain a challenging area, as increasing demands are placed on zoos and regulatory agencies to manage this diminishing resource. PMID:8173098

Kohn, B

1994-03-01

164

Distinct Representations of Olfactory Information in Different Cortical Centers  

PubMed Central

Sensory information is transmitted to the brain where it must be processed to translate stimulus features into appropriate behavioral output. In the olfactory system, distributed neural activity in the nose is converted into a segregated map in the olfactory bulb. In this study we ask how this ordered representation is transformed in higher olfactory centers. We have developed a tracing strategy to define the neural circuits that convey information from individual glomeruli in the olfactory bulb to the piriform cortex and the cortical amygdala. The spatial order in the bulb is discarded in piriform cortex; axons from individual glomeruli project diffusely to the piriform without apparent spatial preference. In the cortical amygdala, we observe broad patches of projections that are spatially stereotyped for individual glomeruli. These projections to the amygdala are overlapping and afford the opportunity for spatially localized integration of information from multiple glomeruli. The identification of a distributive pattern of projections to the piriform and stereotyped projections to the amygdala provides an anatomic context for the generation of learned and innate behaviors.

Sosulski, Dara L.; Lissitsyna, Maria V.; Cutforth, Tyler; Axel, Richard; Datta, Sandeep Robert

2012-01-01

165

Human stewardship and animal welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal welfare must be clearly defined and understood in all languages. Welfare means well-being, so that `bad-welfare' is contradictory. Welfare depends upon the provision of all necessary physiological and psychological requirements and the absence or control of adverse factors. Recognition of animals' sentience led to concerns for their welfare. Since animals can neither obtain nor sustain rights for themselves they

J. H Seamer

1998-01-01

166

Use of information on disease diagnoses from databases for animal health economic, welfare and food safety purposes: strengths and limitations of recordings  

PubMed Central

Many animal health, welfare and food safety databases include data on clinical and test-based disease diagnoses. However, the circumstances and constraints for establishing the diagnoses vary considerably among databases. Therefore results based on different databases are difficult to compare and compilation of data in order to perform meta-analysis is almost impossible. Nevertheless, diagnostic information collected either routinely or in research projects is valuable in cross comparisons between databases, but there is a need for improved transparency and documentation of the data and the performance characteristics of tests used to establish diagnoses. The objective of this paper is to outline the circumstances and constraints for recording of disease diagnoses in different types of databases, and to discuss these in the context of disease diagnoses when using them for additional purposes, including research. Finally some limitations and recommendations for use of data and for recording of diagnostic information in the future are given. It is concluded that many research questions have such a specific objective that investigators need to collect their own data. However, there are also examples, where a minimal amount of extra information or continued validation could make sufficient improvement of secondary data to be used for other purposes. Regardless, researchers should always carefully evaluate the opportunities and constraints when they decide to use secondary data. If the data in the existing databases are not sufficiently valid, researchers may have to collect their own data, but improved recording of diagnostic data may improve the usefulness of secondary diagnostic data in the future.

2011-01-01

167

"SDI--Where are We? The Challenge of the Future." The Information Dissemination Center View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The historical and current status of information dissemination centers and the problem of user interface are reviewed. During the past decade, the problems of technical data processing have been conquered; information dissemination has evolved from a loosely knit group of experimental centers to an organization of established centers, many…

Carmon, James L.

168

Did welfare reform influence the fertility of young teens?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1990s, states made several reforms to their welfare programs designed to reduce teenage fertility among minors. Among the most prominent of these changes, states started requiring teenage mothers younger than 18 to live with a parent or legal guardian and enroll in high school in order to receive welfare benefits. Using natality data from the National Center for

Leonard M. Lopoo; Thomas DeLeire

2006-01-01

169

Indian Child Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports descriptive characteristics of Indian child welfare programs organized to deal with new tribal responsibilities following passage of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978. Most programs consist of one to five staff with an administrator whose responsibilities also include casework. Program continuity is uncertain since funding comes from competitive grants. Although more than one-third of respondents report

Dale M. Wares; Kenneth R. Wedel; James A. Rosenthal; Antonia Dobrec

1994-01-01

170

Housing, Management and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Horses tend to be housed in loose boxes, stalls, barns and shelters for ease of management, however these systems present several possible threats to equine health and welfare. These systems are reviewed together with the concerns they raise. A common system for the evaluation of the welfare of contained animals focuses on the provision of five freedoms. These are freedom

D. Mills; A. Clarke

171

Welfare and property crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996 the U.S. federal government enacted a welfare reform bill aimed at reducing public assistance to the poor. This legislation may have implications for future levels of property crime. In this study we examine whether differences in levels of AFDC assistance and rates of welfare participation among 406 large metropolitan counties affected variation in burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle

Lance Hannon; James Defronzo

1998-01-01

172

The Assessment Of Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter adopts the perspective that welfare is based upon subjective states experienced by the animal, i.e. those equated with emotions and feelings. While current methods do not allow us to access any animal's mental state directly, indirect approaches can be used. One approach attempts to assess the welfare of a cat using behavioural and physiological measures of stress, while

Rachel A. Casey; John W. S. Bradshaw

173

Estimating the Welfare Loss to Consumers When Food Labels Do Not Adequately Inform: An Application to Fair Trade Certification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government officials and other policymakers often face difficult decisions determining what information must be provided to consumers in the limited space available on food labels. An ideal label will cause consumers to make the same purchase that they would make if they had all relevant information, while an inferior label will induce a consumer to purchase a product he would

Matthew C. Rousu; Jay R. Corrigan

2008-01-01

174

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for atmospheric trace gases: Fiscal year 1995 annual report  

SciTech Connect

Fiscal year 1995 was both a very productive year for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and a year of significant change. This document presents information about the most notable accomplishments made during the year. Topics include: high-lights; statistics; future plans; publications, presentations, and awards; and change in organization and staff.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.; Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Jones, S.B.; Nelson, T.; Stoss, F.W.

1996-01-01

175

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data available through NCBI's web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace, Assembly, and Short Read Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Database of Genotype and Phenotype, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Shumway, Martin; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L.; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2008-01-01

176

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:19910364

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2009-11-12

177

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W.; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-01-01

178

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data available through NCBI's web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace, Assembly, and Short Read Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Database of Genotype and Phenotype, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18045790

Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Miller, Vadim; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Shumway, Martin; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2007-11-27

179

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-01-01

180

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at: .

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Kenton, David L.; Khovayko, Oleg; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Suzek, Tugba O.; Tatusov, Roman; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-01-01

181

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace and Assembly Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Viral Genotyping Tools, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at .

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y.; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Ostell, James; Miller, Vadim; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L.; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2007-01-01

182

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18940862

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2008-10-21

183

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:21097890

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-11-21

184

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2009-01-01

185

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22140104

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-12-02

186

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:16381840

Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Kenton, David L; Khovayko, Oleg; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Schriml, Lynn M; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Suzek, Tugba O; Tatusov, Roman; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-01-01

187

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace and Assembly Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Viral Genotyping Tools, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:17170002

Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Ostell, James; Miller, Vadim; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-12-14

188

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2012-01-01

189

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:23193264

2012-11-27

190

Mass casualties: an organizational model of a hospital information center in Tel Aviv.  

PubMed

The article describes an organizational model of an information center, developed by the social work department of Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center. The information center is designed to provide information when mass casualties are brought to the hospital following terrorist attacks or other catastrophes. The information center is comprised of a number of interrelated units within the hospital and is in contact with a range of organizations in the community. The structure and activities of the various units is described. The article also discusses a number of aspects relevant to personnel organization in crisis intervention. PMID:9680656

Drory, M; Posen, J; Vilner, D; Ginzburg, K

1998-01-01

191

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases, Fiscal Year 2002 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which includes the World Data Center (WDC) for Atmospheric Trace Gases, is the primary global change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an archive of data sets and publications, CDIAC has, since its inception in 1982, enhanced the value of its holdings through intensive quality assurance, documentation, and integration. Whereas many traditional data centers are discipline-based (for example, meteorology or oceanography), CDIAC's scope includes potentially anything and everything that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change, including atmospheric concentrations and atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other radiatively active gases; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated CO{sub 2} on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea levels.

Cushman, R.M.

2003-08-28

192

Ethically Informed Practice with Families Formed via International Adoption: Linking Care Ethics with Narrative Approaches to Social Welfare Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many authors have described the ethical issues associated with international adoption for all members of the adoption triad, including adoptive parents, birth parents and the adopted child, and for both sending and receiving countries. This paper explores how political variants of care ethics, combined with a narrative approach to practice, can be used as a conceptual framework for ethically informed

Janet Shapiro

2011-01-01

193

Keeping Users at the Center: Developing a Multimedia Interface for Informed Consent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewing “informing” as a process to protect patients and support autonomy, we undertook a user-centered design process to develop online support for informed consent in pediatric Phase I research trials. Challenges included (a) delivering accurate information to people unfamiliar with medical terminology; (b) delivering this information humanely under time constraints and heightened emotions; (c) allowing users control over the information,

Loel Kim; Amanda J. Young; Robert A. Neimeyer; Justin N. Baker; Raymond C. Barfield

2008-01-01

194

Mental Health and Behavioral Problems of Youth in the Child Welfare System: Residential Treatment Centers Compared to Therapeutic Foster Care in the Odyssey Project Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first multisite, prospective study of behavioral and mental health disorders of youth in residential treatment centers (RTC) and therapeutic foster care (TFC), and the first study to compare the two. This study addressed two questions in a sample of 22 agencies in 13 states: (1) how prevalent were emotional and behavioral disorders in…

Baker, Amy J. L.; Kurland, David; Curtis, Patrick; Alexander, Gina; Papa-Lentini, Cynthia

2007-01-01

195

77 FR 38073 - Laboratory Animal Welfare: Clarification of Position Statements on Implementation of the Eighth...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Substances. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, Office of Extramural Research, NIH, RKL1...Edition of the Guide is available on the NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare Web site at...

2012-06-26

196

This Is Challenger Center...Changing the Way Teachers Teach and Students Learn. [Information Packet].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Challenger Center for Space Science Education is a not-for-profit educational organization founded in 1986 following the Challenger 51-L space shuttle tragedy. This packet contains a variety of separate sheets and brochures providing information about the activities of the Challenger Center. Challenger Learning Centers provide hands-on,…

Challenger Center for Space Science Education, Alexandria, VA.

197

Addressing underutilization of consumer health information resource centers: a formative study*  

PubMed Central

Problem: Four consumer health information centers in Richmond, Virginia, provide one-on-one assistance in accessing health information. Because they may not be fully utilized at present, an exploratory marketing study of factors affecting usage of the centers was conducted. Method: Observers counted center passers-by and tracked their paths. Also, brief intercept interviews were conducted with people who had just used a center, people nearby who could have used one but did not, and people on the street. Finally, in-depth individual interviews were conducted with key informants. Results: There was a high degree of satisfaction with the centers among users. Nonusers universally endorsed the center concept. However, most passers-by did not even glance at the centers, and intercept interviewees suggested better signage and promoting the resource centers through various media channels. Key informants added suggestions about interpersonal strategies (e.g., physician referrals) for center usage promotion but cautioned that a large increase in traffic could not be accommodated without increasing staff size or shifting from a model of individualized service. Conclusions: Triangulating findings from multiple data collection methods can provide useful guidance for efforts to promote center utilization. At minimum, steps should be taken to make the largest centers more noticeable. Because center utilization is not only associated with consumer satisfaction with hospitals, but may also foster health literacy, both hospital-based and community-based usage promotion strategies may be warranted. All such promotional strategies should be audience-tested before they are adopted.

Kennedy, May G.; Kiken, Laura; Shipman, Jean P.

2008-01-01

198

Information and Library Programs at the Technology Application Center (TAC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Technology Application Center (TAC) at the University of New Mexico is one of six National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) regional dissemination centers originally established to disseminate NASA technology to private industry on a regional basis. A fee is charged for TAC's services so it has been market oriented and has sought…

Burch, Eugene

199

Annual Report of the Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC), Fiscal Year 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During Fiscal Year 2005, the Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC) continued its mission to 'foster excellence in federal library and information services through interagency cooperation and to provide guidance and direction for FEDLINK...

2005-01-01

200

Annual Report of the Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC), Fiscal Year 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During Fiscal Year 2007, the Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC) continued its mission to foster excellence in federal library and information services through interagency cooperation and to provide guidance and direction for FEDLINK....

2007-01-01

201

Conceptual Strategic Plan for the GRI Environmental Technology Information Center. Topical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes the results of a survey conducted to develop a strategic plan for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) environmental technology information center. The initial concept was that of a service to provide environmental technology information...

S. Millet J. Young

1993-01-01

202

Analysis of Proposed Alternatives to the Defense Technical Information Center's Announcement Products and Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Currently, the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) offers it users information about new reports entered into the DTIC database through: the Defense RDT&E Online System (DROLS), the Current Awareness Bibliography (CAB) service and the Technical Ab...

B. Lesser M. Hanna R. Evans

1985-01-01

203

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides

NATHALIE MATI-IE; James R. Chen

1996-01-01

204

Issues in Welfare Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography contains selected abstracts of documents on welfare reform issues. All of the approximately 40 documents are in the SHARE collection; most were published in the late 1970's. Documents range from journal articles to private foundation rep...

1980-01-01

205

Housing, Management and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Horses tend to be housed in loose boxes, stalls, barns and shelters for ease of management, however these systems present\\u000a several possible threats to equine health and welfare. These systems are reviewed together with the concerns they raise. A\\u000a common system for the evaluation of the welfare of contained animals focuses on the provision of five freedoms. These are\\u000a freedom

D. S. Mills; A. Clarke

206

The National Lending Library: Information Resource Center Extraordinaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief glimpse of the National Lending Library at Boston Spa in Yorkshire which is the primary bibliographic resource center for science and technology in Great Britain. (Author)

Peck, Theodore P.

1973-01-01

207

Nuclear information services at the National Nuclear Data Center  

SciTech Connect

The numeric and bibliographic nuclear data bases maintained by the National Nuclear Data Center and access to these data bases will be described. The U.S. Nuclear Data and Reaction Data Networks will also be briefly described.

Burrows, T.W.; Tuli, J.K.

1996-10-01

208

Packaging, Storage, and Containerization Center: Reports and Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In January 1978, a bibliography was published listing, by month, all projects completed by the Center from July 1974 through June 1977. Since then, supplements 1 through 15 have been published listing all projects completed from July 1977 through Septembe...

1993-01-01

209

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases catalog of databases and reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data products and reports made available by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER), and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) provide coverage in a number of areas relevant to the greenhouse effect and global climate change. Such areas include records of the concentration of carbon dioxide and other radiatively

Burtis

1998-01-01

210

Develop Innovative Methods in Secondary Analyses of Child Welfare Databases -- \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project proposes to develop and test four innovative approaches to analyses of child welfare survey databases, and to provide products that can be used by other child welfare scholars. It has four specific aims: 1) Demonstrate the capacity of hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) to improve the quality of information from multiple raters by: (a) simultaneously analyzing the ratings of

Shenyang Guo

211

Help Neighborhood Center Program, School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report evaluated the impact of the Help-Neighborhood Center Program which was designed to inform parents of fifth through eighth grade students about health problems and community concerns. Four thousand elementary and junior high school students and 100 parents participated in workshops on venereal disease, drug abuse, welfare rights,…

Siperstein, Gary N.

212

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Related Programs - Cancer Information Service  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute�s (NCI) Cancer Information Service (CIS) educates the public about cancer prevention, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and research . CIS information specialists provide the latest, most accurate information about cancer by telephone, TTY, instant messaging, and e-mail and operates the NCI�s Smoking Quitline. Through its Partnership Program, the CIS works with established national, regional, and state organizations to reach those most in need of cancer information.

213

Annotated Bibliography; Freedom of Information Center Reports and Summary Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliography lists and annotates almost 400 information reports, opinion papers, and summary papers dealing with freedom of information. Topics covered include the nature of press freedom and increased press efforts toward more open access to information; the press situation in many foreign countries, including France, Sweden, Communist…

Freedom of Information Center, Columbia, MO.

214

Information Services at the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the operations of the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center. Established soon after an accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, its efforts were initially directed towards a detailed analysis of the accident. Continuing functions include: (1) the analysis of generic nuclear safety issues,…

Simard, Ronald

215

NUCLEAR INFORMATION SERVICES AT THE NATIONAL NUCLEAR DATA CENTER.  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Data Center has provided remote access to its databases and other resources since 1986. This year we have completed the modernization of our databases and Web site. Resources available from our Web site will be summarized and some of the major improvements described in more detail.

BURROWS,T.W.; DUNFORD,C.L.

2004-09-26

216

Information Services at the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the operations of the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center. Established soon after an accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, its efforts were initially directed towards a detailed analysis of the accident. Continuing functions include: (1) the analysis of generic nuclear safety issues,…

Simard, Ronald

217

Welfare recipients’ involvement with child protective services after welfare reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis study identifies factors associated with child protective services (CPS) involvement among current and former welfare recipients after welfare reform legislation was passed in the US in 1996.

Yunju Nam; William Meezan; Sandra K. Danziger

2006-01-01

218

Ethics, domestic food policy and trade law: assessing the EU animal welfare proposal to the WTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to rising consumer interest in the well-being of animals used in commercial food production, the European Union (EU) has been increasing its animal welfare standards. This does nothing, however, to inform consumers of the welfare standards that have been applied to food that is imported. Satisfying consumers’ desire to know about foreign animal welfare standards, however, will require

A. L. Hobbs; J. E. Hobbs; G. E. Isaac; W. A. Kerr

2002-01-01

219

Critical Theory as a Framework for Child Welfare Decision-Making: Some Possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers daily make difficult, high-risk decisions regarding the lives of children and families. This article critiques two predominant perspectives informing child welfare decision-making and proposes critical theory as an alternative framework. Specifically, critical theory as a framework for child welfare decision integrates the insight gained through practice experience with data gathered through empirically driven assessment tools. With this

Cynthia A. Lietz

2009-01-01

220

Welfare of competition horses.  

PubMed

In the large majority of cases and circumstances, horses benefit from their association with man. However, abuse of horses can occur, due to neglect or through the pressures of competition. The welfare of all animals, including competition horses, has become increasingly topical over the past ten years. Equestrian sport is coming under closer public scrutiny due to reports of apparent abuse. The bodies responsible for regulating these sports strenuously endeavour to protect the welfare of horses which compete under their rules and regulations. The Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI: International Equestrian Federation) is the sole authority for all international events in dressage, show-jumping, three-day event, driving, endurance riding and vaulting. The FEI rules illustrate the ways in which the welfare of competing horses is safeguarded. PMID:8173097

Atock, M A; Williams, R B

1994-03-01

221

BIREME: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information Center.  

PubMed

In the twenty years of its existence, BIREME has grown and evolved to meet the increasing information needs of health professionals in Latin America and the Caribbean. Recent emphasis has been on the adoption of new methods based on information technologies (including microcomputers, CD-ROMs, and advanced telecommunications) to improve and enhance services. Services discussed are bibliographic control, bibliographic searches, document delivery, selective dissemination of information (SDI), training, and publications. PMID:2183902

Bonham, M D

1990-04-01

222

Teenage Mothers and Welfare DependencyWorking Off Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the process by which teenage mothers work their way off welfare. Data come from the Baltimore Study, which followed a group of Black teenage mothers for 17 years after their first birth. Results revealed extensive labor market activity among the young mothers on welfare. Human capital investments are the key determinants of welfare exits through work. In

KATHLEEN MULLAN HARRIS

1991-01-01

223

Welfare Recipients' Involvement with Child Protective Services after Welfare Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This study identifies factors associated with child protective services (CPS) involvement among current and former welfare recipients after welfare reform legislation was passed in the US in 1996. Method: Data come from the Women's Employment Study, a longitudinal study of randomly selected welfare recipients living in a Michigan city…

Nam, Yunju; Meezan, William; Danziger, Sandra K.

2006-01-01

224

Providing relevant health information to patient-centered healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient-centric healthcare is an emerging healthcare model that optimizes the healthcare system to focus on patient experience and outcomes for better health and well-being. It requires that patients as well as physicians should have the ability to obtain and understand health information, and make appropriate health decisions. A problem is how such health information should be gathered from a variety

J. Puustjarvi; L. Puustjarvi

2010-01-01

225

The Use and Value of Defense Technical Information Center Products and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the use and value of the major information products and services provided by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). These products and services include technical report distribution on an on-demand basis and through the Automatic Document Distribution (ADD) program; secondary information dissemination through online…

Roderer, Nancy K.; And Others

226

Supporting Welfare Recipients as Child Care Providers. Proceedings from a Conference (New York, New York, June 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to strong political debate concerning the future of federal welfare policy and a push for welfare to work programs, the Bank Street College of Education's Center for Family Support held a conference to address the issue of welfare recipients as child care providers. The purpose of this meeting was threefold: (1) to stimulate thinking…

Porter, Toni

227

MEETING THE NEEDS OF TOURISTS: THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF AUSTRALIAN VISITOR INFORMATION CENTERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visitor information centers are primarily responsible for promoting local tourism products and services; and consequently, have direct impacts upon the economic, social, and recreational well?being of the region in which they are located. Research highlights the importance of tailoring center facilities and services to meet the needs and interests of the traveling public, yet there are few studies specifically designed

Roy Ballantyne; Karen Hughes; Brent W. Ritchie

2009-01-01

228

Thoughts on farm animal welfare  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Gestating sow welfare remains a complex and contentious issue in the US, and stakeholders keep calling for objective, scientific welfare assessments. The Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association recently published a Commentary that attempted to compare sow welfare in "the Swedish deep-...

229

Adolescent Outcomes and Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents research that examines potential effects of welfare reform on children in late childhood through adolescence. The research used the Survey of Program Dynamics to examine the links between outcomes for adolescents, source of income, mother's employment, and welfare reform. Specifically, the research examined how poverty status and family welfare receipt during middle childhood interact with current poverty

Eileen Trzcinski; Jerrold Brandell; Lynda Ferro; Deborah Smith

2005-01-01

230

Health insurance coverage after welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This DataWatch examines the health insurance coverage of former welfare recipients who left welfare between January 1995 and mid-1997, using data from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families. Although the major- ity of women who left welfare were working, only 33 percent of these women obtained health coverage through their jobs. Rates of uninsurance increase with the number of

Bowen Garrett; John Holahan

2000-01-01

231

75 FR 49526 - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Technical Information Center, Tempe, AZ; Freescale Semiconductor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Inc., Technical Information Center, Woburn, MA; Amended Certification Regarding...related to technical customer support. The Woburn, Massachusetts employees, who provided...certification to include workers of the Woburn, Massachusetts location of...

2010-08-13

232

78 FR 65300 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION: Notice of Availability...SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) announces the availability...Information Technology Center at Defense Distribution Depot San Joaquin,...

2013-10-31

233

Guide for Preparing Technical Information Reports of the Engineer Research and Development Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Guide provides information necessary for authors to prepare and produce technical publications for the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC). This version of the Guide consolidates processes and procedures used at all ERDC sites. ...

2006-01-01

234

National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing. Program summary report, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing focused on manufacturing research and development for flat panel displays, advanced lithography, microelectronics, and optoelectronics. This report provides an overview of the program, summaries of the technical projects, and key program accomplishments.

NONE

1996-10-01

235

Federated Search Tools in Fusion Centers: Bridging Databases in the Information Sharing Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research utilized a semi-structured survey instrument delivered to subject matter experts within the national network of fusion centers and employed a constant comparison method to analyze the survey results. This 'smart practice' exploration informe...

J. R. Wormet

2012-01-01

236

32 CFR 637.14 - Use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC). Provost marshals will make maximum use of NCIC terminals available to them...deserters. The USADIP will ensure replies to inquiries from provost marshals on subjects of MP investigations are transmitted by the...

2013-07-01

237

Towards a User-Centered Interface for Information Retrieval. The MERIT System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multimedia Extensions of Retrieval Interaction Tools (MERIT) provides a user centered interface to a database covering research programs, projects, and consortia in the field of information technology. The system supports the user by offering a selection ...

U. Thiel M. Hemmje A. Kerner M. Kracker S. Sitter

1992-01-01

238

National Health Planning Information Center, Comprehensive Final Report, October 27, 1977-March 31, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document constitutes the final report on a 39-month (November 1977-March 1980) contract between the Health Resources Administration and the Franklin Research Center to provide support for the operations of the National Health Planning Information Cen...

1980-01-01

239

Processing and Display of Information in the National Military Command Center (NMCC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NMCC is the primary command center from which the command and control of United States military forces is excercised. Despite this responsibility the technology currently employed to support the information processing function within the NMCC is less ...

A. F. Albright

1975-01-01

240

Government acronyms and alphabetic organizational designations used in DTIC (Defense Technical Information Center)  

SciTech Connect

A guide to acronyms as assigned by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) is given. The listing contains entries from the Department of Defense, Federal Government and foreign military organizations. The acronyms reflect reports processed into the DTIC collections.

Brown, L.M.

1984-05-01

241

DoD Information Technology Modernization: A Recommended Approach to Data Center Consolidation and Cloud Computing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

How should the Department of Defense (DoD) apply best business practices to Information Technology (IT) modernization, Data Center Consolidation (DCC), and the efficient, effective, and secure implementation of Cloud computing to support DoD business appr...

A. Vashistha B. Cohen D. Langstaff K. Walker P. Gross

2012-01-01

242

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1994-01-01

243

Data Bases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data Bases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the data bases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpa...

D. Cunningham

1990-01-01

244

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1993-01-01

245

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1992-01-01

246

Leveraging an information warehouse to create translational research environment for wound care center.  

PubMed

In order to discover new biomarkers and therapeutic agents for personalized wound care, a vast amount of clinical information is collected and stored at The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC) Comprehensive Wound Center (CWC). The Information Warehouse (IW) group at OSUMC has developed and implemented a comprehensive data collection network and analysis pipeline to support clinical, translational and outcomes research, and cost analyses that can be converted into clinical best practices for wound care. PMID:18694039

Dhaval, Rakesh; Buskirk, Jason; Backer, Jessica; Sen, Chandan K; Gordillo, Gayle; Kamal, Jyoti

2007-10-11

247

Child Welfare Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper highlights the problem of children being at risk for placement by public child welfare systems into substitute care. It focuses on one state, Illinois, which has had considerable success in reducing its caseload. Risk factors are hypothesized. It presents research involving regression analysis of data for the city of Chicago. A cross-sectional design is utilized for a division

Arthur Horton

2002-01-01

248

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

249

Specialists in Welfare Offices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many welfare offices, a key component of the Family Violence Option (FVO) of the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act was the establishment of experts trained in domestic violence and the new policy. This study analyzes the effect an FVO expert has on three outcomes: domestic violence disclosures; administrative documentation of disclosures; and FVO waiver use. Findings

Andrea Hetling; Catherine E. Born

2006-01-01

250

Off Welfare, into Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned with the increasing feminization of poverty, the Rockefeller Foundation launched in 1982 a $12 million welfare-to-work research and demonstration project, presently midway into a 5-year evaluation. The Minority Female Single Parent Demonstration project involved four community-based organizations: Atlanta Urban League (Georgia);…

BCEL Newsletter for the Business and Literacy Communities, 1991

1991-01-01

251

Welfare. Opposing Viewpoints Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The opinions expressed in the selections in each series title examine many different aspects of a single issue. Detractors of the welfare system have long argued that the system promotes dependency. They…

Cozic, Charles P., Ed.; Winters, Paul A., Ed.

252

Child Welfare in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting the current state of theory and practice in child welfare in Canada, these eight papers suggest a contemporary view of Canadian children and the contexts in which they develop as defined by legal rights and society. First, Henry S. Maas argues that attention to normal social development and its contexts, and to related ongoing theory…

McBroom, Elizabeth, Ed.

1983-01-01

253

Multicultural Welfare Directive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each day, millions of poor men, women and children struggle to make ends meet in the United States. The public assistance system in the United States is designed as a temporary safety net to help the poor survive their bout with poverty as they make the transition back to solvency. Millions of welfare recipients are treated as an entity receiving

Cassie Mannix

1995-01-01

254

Welfare Reform and Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the effect of state and federal welfare reforms over the period 1990-2000 on health insurance coverage and healthcare utilization by single women aged between 20-45 is presented. It is observed that Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program of 1990s with…

Bitler, Marianne P.; Gelback, Jonah B.; Hoynes, Hilary W.

2005-01-01

255

Advertising and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applies conventional welfare-theoretic methods to study advertising which changes consumer tastes. In a wide range of empirically plausible circumstances, private profitability is seen to be necessary but not sufficient for the social desirability of a small amount of advertising. The market equilibrium level of such advertising is shown to be socially excessive, even when postadvertising tastes are used

Avinash Dixit; Victor Norman

1978-01-01

256

Training for Animal Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Laboratory Animal Welfare Act of 1985 mandates training for a wide spectrum of individuals. A profile of each group of individuals requiring training is presented. These groups include students, animal caretakers, research and animal technicians, investigators, and principal investigators. An educational profile is provided for each group. Their educational needs are described, with examples of available training materials. This

Jean Larson

1988-01-01

257

Developing a curriculum in geographic information systems: the national center for geographic information and analysis core curriculum project  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a major effort by the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA) to develop teaching materials in support of courses in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The project is motivated by the current high level of demand for GIS professionals and by the need to distinguish between software training on the one hand, and education in the intellectual

Karen K. Kemp; Michael F. Goodchild

1991-01-01

258

Video calls from lay bystanders to dispatch centers - risk assessment of information security  

PubMed Central

Background Video calls from mobile phones can improve communication during medical emergencies. Lay bystanders can be instructed and supervised by health professionals at Emergency Medical Communication Centers. Before implementation of video mobile calls in emergencies, issues of information security should be addressed. Methods Information security was assessed for risk, based on the information security standard ISO/IEC 27005:2008. A multi-professional team used structured brainstorming to find threats to the information security aspects confidentiality, quality, integrity, and availability. Results Twenty security threats of different risk levels were identified and analyzed. Solutions were proposed to reduce the risk level. Conclusions Given proper implementation, we found no risks to information security that would advocate against the use of video calls between lay bystanders and Emergency Medical Communication Centers. The identified threats should be used as input to formal requirements when planning and implementing video calls from mobile phones for these call centers.

2011-01-01

259

The National Sweetpotato Information Center at Tuskegee University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tuskegee University's involvement with the sweetpotato was initiated in the late 19th century by Dr. George Washington Carver. Carver's publications on the sweetpotato include information on the history and varieties of sweetpotatoes, their cultivation, insect and fungal problems, and their treatment, harvesting, storing, canning, and preparation for human consumption and animal feed. Carver developed more than 200 products from the

Annie King; Edna Williams; Sibyl Caldwell; Walter Hill

1995-01-01

260

WASH (Water and Sanitation for Health) Rainwater Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes project funded by U.S. Agency for International Development to provide short-term technical assistance (general, technology transfer, institutional development and training, information support) to rural and urban fringe water supply and sanitation projects. Initial steps, special collection, and future components of rainwater network…

Campbell, D.

1986-01-01

261

WASH (Water and Sanitation for Health) Rainwater Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes project funded by U.S. Agency for International Development to provide short-term technical assistance (general, technology transfer, institutional development and training, information support) to rural and urban fringe water supply and sanitation projects. Initial steps, special collection, and future components of rainwater network…

Campbell, D.

1986-01-01

262

Information flow and teamwork in Incident Control Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports research in progress into a study of information flow and teamwork in Incident Management Teams (IMTs) in Australia. The research project, funded by the Bushfire Co-operative Research Centre. The overall research design includes interviews with experienced personnel, observations of real-time incidents and training simulations and a national questionnaire of incident management practices. Data reported in this conference

Christine Owen; Jan Douglas; Gregory Hickey

2008-01-01

263

The Information Commons: a model for (physical) digital resource centers.  

PubMed

Since its planning, construction, and opening in 1996, the Information Commons, located in The University of Iowa's Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, has served as a common ground for self-directed learning, information research, hands-on class sessions, and multimedia development. Initiatives launched from the Information Commons not only have helped increase the visibility of Hardin Library as an environment well equipped to support traditional research and education needs, but have promoted the library as a campus leader and viable partner in planning and delivering digital technologies effectively. Ongoing initiatives have focused on better integrating the library's services and resources with the curricula and research needs of the university's health sciences units. This paper describes the facility, its programmatic elements, and its impact on education, communication, and technology trends in an academic health sciences setting. Particular attention is paid to initiatives launched during the first two years of operation. This paper also discusses plans for expansion of the facility. PMID:9803303

Duncan, J M

1998-10-01

264

Cartographic Encounters at the Bureau of Indian Affairs Geographic Information System Center of Calculation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The centering processes of geographic information system (GIS) development at the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was an extension of past cartographic encounters with American Indians through the central control of geospatial technologies, uneven development of geographic information resources, and extension of technically dependent…

Palmer, Mark H.

2012-01-01

265

Annotated Bibliography and Index of the Freedom of Information Center Reports and Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Entries in this annotated bibliography and index include information on the following: 389 Freedom of Information Center Reports, 38 summary papers, 8 independent papers funded by a grant from the American Newspaper Publishers Association Foundation, and 15 position papers. The reports discuss a number of issues involved in mass communication…

Freedom of Information Center, Columbia, MO.

266

Cartographic Encounters at the Bureau of Indian Affairs Geographic Information System Center of Calculation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The centering processes of geographic information system (GIS) development at the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was an extension of past cartographic encounters with American Indians through the central control of geospatial technologies, uneven development of geographic information resources, and extension of technically dependent…

Palmer, Mark H.

2012-01-01

267

The Communication and Care Plan: a novel approach to patient-centered clinical information systems.  

PubMed

The US health care system and its information access models are organized around institutions and providers. Patient-centered functionality is rarely present in prevailing information systems and, if present, it typically does not ideally support shared decision making about important treatment events. We sought to better understand the functional needs of providers and patients around the process of care plan decision making, and used this information to develop a prototype decision support tool, using women with newly diagnosed breast cancer as our clinical scenario. This paper describes the user-centered design process we undertook and the resulting prototype system, the Communication and Care Plan (CCP). PMID:20937486

Hogarth, Michael; Hajopoulos, Kathy; Young, Meg; Cowles, Neil; Churin, John; Hornthal, Bethany; Esserman, Laura

2010-10-01

268

Is Welfare Reform Succeeding?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Welfare Reform and the Earned Income Tax Credit have apparently caused a dramatic increase in the labor force participation rates of single parents. Between the first quarters of 1994 and 1998, labor force participation rates rose 25.4 percent for never-married women caring for children, rose 15.5 percent for mothers separated from their spouse and rose 4.9 percent for divorced single

John H. Bishop

1998-01-01

269

Embrittlement Database from the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center  

DOE Data Explorer

The Embrittlement Data Base (EDB) is a comprehensive collection of data from surveillance capsules of U.S. commercial nuclear power reactors and from experiments in material test reactors. The collected data are contained in either the Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB) or the Test Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (TR-EDB). The EDB work includes verification of the quality of the EDB, provision for user-friendly software to access and process the data, exploration and/or confirmation of embrittlement prediction models, provision for rapid investigation of regulatory issues, and provision for the technical bases for voluntary consensus standards or regulatory guides. The EDB is designed for use with a personal computer. The data are collected into "raw data files." Traceability of all data is maintained by including complete references along with the page numbers. External data verification of the PR-EDB is the responsibility of the vendors, who were responsible for the insertion and testing of the materials in the surveillance capsules. Internal verification is accomplished by checking against references and checking for inconsistencies. Examples of information contained in the EDBs are: Charpy data, tensile data, reactor type, irradiation environments, fracture toughness data, instrumented Charpy data, pressure-temperature (P-T) data, chemistry data, and material history. The TR-EDB additionally has annealing Charpy data. The current version of the PR-EDB contains the test results from 269 Charpy capsules irradiated in 101 reactors. These results include 320 plate data points, 123 forging data points, 113 standard reference materials (SRMS) or correlation monitor (CM) points, 244 weld material data points, and 220 heat-affected-zone (HAZ) material data points. Similarly, the TR-EDB contains information for 290 SRM or CM points, 342 plate data points, 165 forging data points, 378 welds, and 55 HAZ materials. [copied from http://rsicc.ornl.gov/RelatedLinks.aspx?t=edb

270

Welfare reform: advocacy and intervention in the health care setting.  

PubMed Central

Welfare reform has drastically altered the lives of poor families in the US. In its wake, many former recipients are not receiving whatever transitional benefits and other safeguards to which they remain entitled under federal and state laws. Families are losing access to Medicaid and are not receiving the child care assistance or Food Stamps for which they continue to be eligible. Ill-served by stringent time limits and work requirements, lack of child care assistance, and lack of training and educational opportunities for the development of skills that will lead to better jobs, families need help to navigate the complexities of the new welfare system. Boston Medical Center's Department of Pediatrics has instituted a welfare screening project to educate families about their rights under welfare reform and assist them in advocating for themselves and their children.

Lawton, E; Leiter, K; Todd, J; Smith, L

1999-01-01

271

Patent information management in Nagasaki Research & Development Center of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd (MHI).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is expected for our company, dealing with heavy industry to survive informationized society, and the development of research results has become an important matter. Under these environments, guarding the research results and offering the patent informations timely are necessary. The patent service in our center was established in 1963 and had since used papers as medium to manage information. Nowadays we have begun to use on-line systems of PATOLIS and PATROLS instead of papers, and increased efficiency of information offer.

Fukae, Tatsuro; Kubo, Masaru

272

Learning Curves: Making Quality Online Health Information Available at a Fitness Center.  

PubMed

Meeting consumer health information needs can be a challenge. Research suggests that women seek health information from a variety of resources, including the Internet. In an effort to make women aware of reliable health information sources, the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - Shreveport Medical Library engaged in a partnership with a franchise location of Curves International, Inc. This article will discuss the project, its goals and its challenges. PMID:22545020

Dobbins, Montie T; Tarver, Talicia; Adams, Mararia; Jones, Dixie A

2012-02-20

273

Quality of pharmacotherapy consultations provided by drug information centers in the United States.  

PubMed

We evaluated the performance of 116 U.S. drug information centers in responding to specific questions about drugs. The primary measures were correctness of responses and extent of probing for patient data. Questions addressed the effect of ranitidine on blood alcohol concentrations, the potential interaction between didanosine and dapsone, prevention of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced peptic ulcers, and use of erythromycin for diabetic gastroparesis. The percentages of centers providing correct overall responses were 70% for the ranitidine question, 90% for the didanosine-dapsone question, 8% for the NSAID question, and 20% for the erythromycin question. For the three patient-specific questions, the percentages of centers eliciting vital patient data were 27% for the didanosine-dapsone question, 86% for the NSAID question, and 5% for the erythromycin question. In providing pharmacotherapy consultations, drug information centers generally failed to obtain pertinent patient data, thereby risking incorrect responses and inappropriate recommendations. PMID:10907973

Calis, K A; Anderson, D W; Auth, D A; Mays, D A; Turcasso, N M; Meyer, C C; Young, L R

2000-07-01

274

Producing optimized ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy color centers for quantum information applications  

SciTech Connect

Quantum information applications place stringent demands on the development of platforms that can host them. Color centers in diamond have been identified as important media for quantum information processing. Accordingly, the photoluminescence properties of nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers in diamond created by implantation and annealing are studied at cryogenic temperatures (below 10 K). We examine high pressure high temperature and chemical vapor deposition synthetic diamonds with varying nitrogen concentration and present an accurate method to estimate the concentration of the (N-V) centers created by ion implantation. The ion irradiation route produced up to 6 ppm of optically active (N-V) centers, while nitrogen implantation yielded up to 3 ppm of optically active (N-V) with 8% conversion efficiency. However, a broadening of the (N-V){sup -} zero phonon line was observed in all samples.

Aharonovich, Igor; Fairchild, Barbara A.; Orwa, Julius; Ganesan, Kumaravelu; Greentree, Andrew D.; Prawer, Steven [School of Physics, University Of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010 (Australia); Santori, Charles; Fu, Kai-Mei C.; Beausoleil, Raymond G. [Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)

2009-12-15

275

Death is a Welfare Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly asserted that “death is not a welfare issue” and this has been reflected in welfare legislation and policy\\u000a in many countries. However, this creates a conflict for many who consider animal welfare to be an appropriate basis for decision-making\\u000a in animal ethics but also consider that an animal’s death is ethically significant. To reconcile these viewpoints, this

James W. Yeates

2010-01-01

276

Keynes and the Welfare State  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the question of what influence J.M. Keynes had on the evolution of the welfare state after the Second World War. First it weighs whether his non-utilitarian approach to economic theory and welfare measurement had an impact on the growth of the welfare state. Then it considers whether the influence came through Keynes’s advocacy of deficit spending. After

Roger E. Backhouse; Bradley W. Bateman

2012-01-01

277

Consumers and animal welfare. A comparison between European Union countries.  

PubMed

This paper analyses the impact of a priori identified determinants on stated willingness to change usual place of shopping in order to be able to buy more animal welfare friendly food products of consumers in nine European Union countries. We used Eurobarometer data and structural equation models with observed and latent variables. The results show that the ranking of determinants' impact on the behavioural willingness is similar in the majority of models, with access to information as the strongest determinant, followed by perceived responsibility of consumers and education with strong influence, then by labelling and occupation with lower impact and ending with children, with the lowest influence. This study aims to provide some evidence on the relationship between welfare friendly behavioural willingness and information and labelling issues, amongst other determinants, in the European Union. As both access to information and perception of welfare labelling were found to significantly influence the behavioural willingness, this might suggest the need for the European Union to invest more in improving the welfare labelling system, enhance the welfare information available to the public and improve access to it through measures such as welfare education campaigns. PMID:22127269

Toma, Luiza; Stott, Alistair W; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata

2011-11-20

278

Prototyping an institutional IAIMS/UMLS information environment for an academic medical center.  

PubMed

The paper describes a prototype information environment designed to link network-based information resources in an integrated fashion and thus enhance the information capabilities of an academic medical center. The prototype was implemented on a single Macintosh computer to permit exploration of the overall "information architecture" and to demonstrate the various desired capabilities prior to full-scale network-based implementation. At the heart of the prototype are two components: a diverse set of information resources available over an institutional computer network and an information sources map designed to assist users in finding and accessing information resources relevant to their needs. The paper describes these and other components of the prototype and presents a scenario illustrating its use. The prototype illustrates the link between the goals of two National Library of Medicine initiatives, the Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS) and the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). PMID:1326371

Miller, P L; Paton, J A; Clyman, J I; Powsner, S M

1992-07-01

279

Adolescent Outcomes, Poverty Status, and Welfare Reform: An Analysis based on the Survey of Program Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early stages of research on the impact of welfare reform, most research focused on caseload reduction, employment outcomes, and barriers to employment. Even in research that examined the impact of welfare reform on children, the emphases centered on infants, preschoolers, and children at the grade school level. Issues concerning the impact on children in middle childhood and early

Eileen Trzcinski; Jerry Brandell

2002-01-01

280

Comparing welfare states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparing Welfare States: Britain in International Context. Edited by ALLAN COCHRANE and JOHN CLARKE. London: Sage in association with the Open University, 1993. Pp.xiv + 274, index. £35 (hardback) ISBN 0–8039–8845–1, £12.95 (paperback) 0–8039–8846?X.Women Across Continents: Feminist Comparative Social Policy By LENA DOMINELLI. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991. Pp.x + 351, biblio, index. NP (hardback). ISBN 0–7450–0336–2, £12.95 (paperback), 0–7450–0939–5.Divisions of

Chris Pierson

1995-01-01

281

Conceptual strategic plan for the GRI Environmental Technology Information Center. Topical report  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes the results of a survey conducted to develop a strategic plan for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) environmental technology information center. The initial concept was that of a service to provide environmental technology information to GRI members. For the survey, an investigation of nine information services was conducted, through on-site visits and interviews. Information products and services and their combinations generally offered are discussed. Best industry practices are highlighted, and sample markets are outlined. Details on the survey are presented in appendixes.

Millet, S.; Young, J.

1993-12-01

282

Hold the Presses: A Commentary on the Effects of Media Coverage of Fatalities on the Child Welfare System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child fatalities initiate a formidable exchange between the media and child welfare services. The impact affects the families involved, staff and administrators of public and private child welfare agencies, and the community. The media role to provide the public with information in a prompt manner can be at odds with the child welfare administrator's desire to improve practice for all

Barbara Thomlison; Wendy Whiting Blome

2012-01-01

283

Fiscal Year 1998 Annual Report, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Data Center -- A for Atmospheric Trace Gases  

SciTech Connect

Once again, the most recent fiscal year was a productive one for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), as well as a year for change. The FY 1998 in Review section in this report summarizes quite a few new and updated data and information products, and the ''What's Coming in FY 1999'' section describes our plans for this new fiscal year. During FY 1998, CDIAC began a data-management system for AmeriFlux, a long-term study of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere of the Western Hemisphere and the atmosphere. The specific objectives of AmeriFlux are to establish an infrastructure for guiding, collecting, synthesizing, and disseminating long-term measurements of CO{sub 2}, water, and energy exchange from a variety of ecosystems; collect critical new information to help define the current global CO{sub 2} budget; enable improved predictions of future concentrations of atmospheric CO{sub 2}; and enhance understanding of carbon fluxes. Net Ecosystem Production (NEP), and carbon sequestration in the terrestrial biosphere. The data-management system, available from CDIAC'S AmeriFlux home page (http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/programs/ameriflux/ ) is intended to provide consistent, quality-assured, and documented data across all AmeriFlux sites in the US, Canada, Costa Rica, and Brazil. It is being developed by Antoinette Brenkert and Tom Boden, with assistance from Susan Holladay (who joined CDIAC specifically to support the AmeriFlux data-management effort).

Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Hook, L.A.; Jones, S.B.; Kaiser, D.P.; Nelson, T.R.

1999-03-01

284

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC): A Resource for Nuclear Science Applications  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) has been in existence since 1963. RSICC collects, organizes, evaluates and disseminates technical information (software and nuclear data) involving the transport of neutral and charged particle radiation, and shielding and protection from the radiation associated with: nuclear weapons and materials, fission and fusion reactors, outer space, accelerators, medical facilities, and nuclear waste management. RSICC serves over 12,000 scientists and engineers from about 100 countries.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL

2009-01-01

285

An Information Management and Technology Laboratory in an Academic Health Center Library  

PubMed Central

The aims and goals in setting up an Information Management and Technology Laboratory in the Lyman Maynard Stowe Library at the University of Connecticut Health Center are outlined. Health professionals have a chance in the Laboratory to try software and machines and acquaint themselves with some of the new technology. The Laboratory can save individual departments time, the necessity for extensive research and money and will be used to give students and staff experience in information management techniques.

Peterson, Margaret G.E.; Brantz, Malcolm H.

1984-01-01

286

Quantum information processing with diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers coupled to microcavities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scalable quantum information processing using nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond will be difficult without the ability to couple the centers to optical microcavities and waveguides. Here we present our preliminary result of coupling a single NV center in a nanoparticle to a silica microdisk at cryogenic temperatures. The cavity-coupled NV photoluminescence is coupled out of the cavity through a tapered fiber. Although the current system is limited by the spectral properties of the NV center and the Q of the cavity, efficient particle-cavity and cavity-waveguide coupling should lead to the realization of a "one-dimensional atom" as needed for CQED, enable single-shot electron-spin readout, and increase the probability of success in entanglement schemes based on single-photon detection.

Fu, Kai-Mei C.; Santori, Charles; Spillane, Sean; Beausoleil, Raymond G.

2008-03-01

287

Indian Child Welfare in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is based upon a 1985-86 survey conducted by the Dull Knife Memorial College Indian Child Welfare Project. A series of workshops were conducted throughout Montana to acquaint providers of services for abused and neglected Indian children with the requirements of and issues associated with the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.…

Dull Knife Memorial Coll., Lame Deer, MT.

288

Child Welfare Services: A Sourcebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This sourcebook makes conveniently available the relevant materials on child welfare that were formerly scattered in conference proceedings, professional journals, government publications, and special meeting reports. The book is a supplementary tool for those interested in teaching and learning about child welfare and emphasizes research in this…

Kadushin, Alfred

289

Welfare Implications of User Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation by users is now understood to be an important part of innovative activity in the economy. In this paper we explore the implications of adding innovation by users to existing models of social welfare that currently assume innovation by manufacturers only. We find this addition removes several inefficiencies, and that social welfare is likely to be increased by the

Joachim Henkel; Eric von Hippel

2004-01-01

290

Death in Public Child Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare workers are in a unique position to help children and youth in out-of-home care who have experienced the death of a significant person. This article discusses the response of children to death from a developmental perspective and offers suggestions on how child welfare workers can use an ecological perspective to help youngsters cope with their grief.

Nora S. Gustavsson; Ann E. MacEachron

2000-01-01

291

Patent replacement and welfare gains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patents were chosen in an era when modern public finance tools were unavailable. The same innovation outcomes can be achieved with higher welfare, if patent elements are replaced by modern features. This paper constructs two theoretical models of product innovation and simulates the welfare effects of replacing patents with an intertemporal-bounty arrangement. We find that replacing patents with this alternative

Earl L. Grinols; Hwan C. Lin

2011-01-01

292

Economic Conditions and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 10 papers on three key questions regarding the effects of the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program: why welfare caseloads are falling; how welfare recipients are faring; and how the states are responding to changing…

Danziger, Sheldon H., Ed.

293

The welfare of dairy buffalo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper addresses the issue of buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behav - ioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animal- related indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm level, are described. The attention was focused on the following indicators: excessive thinning or fattening

Giuseppe De Rosa; Fernando Grasso; Corrado Pacelli; Fabio Napolitano; Christoph Winckler

2009-01-01

294

Welfare Gain of Financial Liberalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial liberalization is a controversial issue. One of the reasons is that many empirical studies report conflicting views. So far, negligible effects were found in savings and lending, while positive effects in allocating capital efficiently. However, these regression based studies are not suitable to identify the true benefit, that is, welfare gain of the financial liberalization. We compute the welfare

Robert M Townsend; Kenichi Ueda

2006-01-01

295

When is ERIC Useful? A Background and Current Overview of the Education Resources Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) underwent substantial change during the 2004 contract cycle. Since it began in 1966, it has always been a highly respected and heavily used bibliographic resource, but some users are unaware of its current status due to the recent changes in its format and availability. This update highlights major developments and assesses the resulting ERIC

Kate Corby

2009-01-01

296

Research and Design of Educational Resource Information Center for Investors Based on J2EE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the education for investors is becoming more and more important throughout nations, and China also wants to put it forward into the national educational system. With the development of IT, the original ways of education has changed greatly. This article presents a loose coupling and easily integrated way to build educational resource information center for investors (ERICI) against the

Kai Cao; Xiaoyun Zhu

2008-01-01

297

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance: YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the home of the Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) on YouTube. The channel features a number of instructional videos on topics like wireless technologies, networks and security. The videos range from about one minute long to around fifteen minutes long.

2011-03-18

298

A Computerized Information Retrieval System for the Technical Assistance Center Clearinghouse: A Feasibility Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report first analyzes the need for a Technical Assistance Center (TAC) Clearinghouse, which would provide a range of services including question answering for state and local education agencies, workshop preparation assistance, and literature surveys. Addressing the question of feasibility of a computerized information retrieval system for…

Buckley, Joseph J.

299

Nothing At The Center?: Academic Legitimacy in the Information Systems Field12  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in the information system (IS) field have recently called for the field to legitimate itself by erecting a strong theoretical core at its center. This paper examines this proposition, and concludes that it is logically invalid and does not recognize ample evidence to the contrary from the history of other disciplines. We construct a broader concept of academic legitimacy

Kalle Lyytinen; John Leslie King

2004-01-01

300

THE RADIATION SAFETY INFORMATION COMPUTATIONAL CENTER: A RESOURCE FOR REACTOR DOSIMETRY SOFTWARE AND NUCLEAR DATA  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) was established in 1963 to collect and disseminate computational nuclear technology in the form of radiation transport, shielding and safety software and corresponding nuclear cross sections. Approximately 1700 nuclear software and data packages are in the RSICC collection, and the majority are applicable to reactor dosimetry.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL

2009-01-01

301

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

302

ARTEMIS: learner-centered design of an information seeking environment for K-12 education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learners use software for different reasons and with differentskills and motivations than other users. Using concepts of learner-centered design (LCD), we developed a user interface for supporting learners as they use digital information resources in inquiry-based science classrooms. Learner needs are categorized in five areas: content knowledge, technology knowledge, strategic and metacognitive lmowledge, and motivation Results of research on problems

Raven Wallace; Elliot Soloway; Joseph Krajcik; Nathan Bos; Joseph Hoffman; Heather Eccleston Hunter; Dan Kiskis; Elisabeth Klann; Greg Peters; David Richardson; Ofer Ronen

1998-01-01

303

National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing. Program summary report, Volume II  

SciTech Connect

The National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing focused on manufacturing research and development for flat panel displays, advanced lithography, microelectronics, and optoelectronics. This report provides an overview of the program, program history, summaries of the technical projects, and key program accomplishments.

NONE

1996-10-01

304

The Center for Electronic Imaging Systems: Imaging in the Information Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the dawning of the Information Age and the era of global competitiveness, new demands have been brought to universities to find ways of conducting basic research, of educating engineering students, and of interacting with government and industry. In this paper we describe an initiative that was created in Rochester, New York, an important center of imaging and image science

Nicholas George; Carol Neufeld George

305

Human factors review of electric power dispatch control centers. Volume 4. Operator information needs. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human factors is a systems-oriented interdisciplinary specialty concerned with the design of systems, equipment, facilities and the operational environment. An important aspect leading to the design requirements is the determination of the information requirements for electric power dispatch control centers. There are significant differences between the system operator's actions during normal and degraded states of power system operation, and power

R. J. Miller; K. Najaf-Zadeh; H. T. Darlington; H. D. McNair; S. Seidenstein; A. R. Williams

1982-01-01

306

Information and media literacy education within the school library media centers of a Middle Tennessee county  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the current state of information and media literacy education taking place within the school library media centers of one suburban school district in Middle Tennessee given the absence of state standards as well as state or local leadership. ^ All of the school library media specialists (SLMS) employed by the county participated

Melissa F Blevins

2004-01-01

307

Coverage Evaluation of the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results of an evaluation of coverage issues regarding the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. The objectives of this evaluation were to determine the accuracy and completeness of the final survey frame and to analyze the criteria used to classify federal library facilities as in-scope and out-of-scope.…

Curry, John; Kindel, Carrol

308

Federal Libraries and Information Centers Data, FY 1994: On Disk [Diskette].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This diskette contains the data file from the Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey, Fiscal Year 1994. The survey gathered data on federal libraries in the 50 states and the District of Columbia for fiscal year 1994. This data file contains descriptive data about each federal library's services and operations, including: organization…

National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

309

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The ...

1997-01-01

310

User-Centered Perspective of Information Retrieval Research and Analysis Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews information retrieval (IR) studies since 1986 from the user's perspective. Identifies two main approaches that advocate user-centered design theory: (1) the cognitive approach; and (2) the holistic approach. Also explores other approaches--systems thinking/action research and usability techniques that may have potential for IR research…

Sugar, William

1995-01-01

311

The infection control information system of the Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December 1990 the Investigation and Prevention Branch, Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), developed the Hospital Infections Program infection control information system (HIP ICIS) to respond more efficiently to more than 200 public inquiries (telephone or written) that HIP receives daily. The HIP ICIS allows anyone with a Touch-Tone telephone, fax machine, or computer to

Lilia P. Manangan

1996-01-01

312

Rural Medical Service Funding: Issues and Alternatives. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By almost any definition, rural America has been medically underserved. This bibliography includes materials available from the National Agricultural Library's (NAL) Rural Information Center. The listed materials include approximately 36 books and monographs, 106 articles, and the names and addresses of 17 related associations. Certain local…

Kane, John D. H., III, Comp.; Leuci, Mary Simon, Comp.

313

The Industry Information Center within an Academic Library: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of cooperation between academic and corporate libraries focuses on a case study of the library at the Colorado School of Mines where an industry information center was established. Issues in planning an industry-academic partnership are explored, including feasibility, funding, staffing, terms of agreement, and authority structures.…

Dunn, Lisa G.; Grealy, Deborah S.

1996-01-01

314

THE RADIATION SAFETY INFORMATION COMPUTATIONAL CENTER (RSICC) - A RESOURCE FOR COMPUTATIONAL TOOLS FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC), which has been in existence since 1963, is the principal source and repository in the United States for computational tools for nuclear applications. RSICC collects, organizes, evaluates and distributes nuclear software and data involving the transport of neutral and charged particle radiation, and shielding and protection from radiation associated with: nuclear weapons and

Kirk; Bernadette Lugue

2009-01-01

315

The Intelligence Fusion Center (IFC): a COTS-based information retrieval, processing, and archiving system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Central Intelligence Agency's Intelligence Fusion Center (IFC) uses an integrated commercial-off-the-shelf information processing, archiving and retrieval system designed to support analysts, watch officers and managers in a multilevel secure environment. The system receives and processes documents from many electronic sources, including internal agency message traffic, external message traffic from multiple agencies and organizations and press feeds. Manual input of

M. Powers

1997-01-01

316

Lunar Data Information Center: A Shortcut to the Riddle of the Moon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Lunar Data Information Center is a reference and lending collection for researchers, educators, and students of lunar science, worldwide. Such methods as a classification scheme for mission-oriented documentation, sample photo browse files, lunar feature index, and color coding have resulted in a user-oriented collection. Search capability is…

Waranius, Frances B.; Heiken, Jody H.

1975-01-01

317

A User-Centered Cooperative Information System for Medical Imaging Diagnosis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a cooperative information system for remote medical imaging diagnosis. General computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) problems addressed are definition of a procedure for the design of user-centered cooperative systems (conceptual level); and improvement of user feedback and optimization of the communication bandwidth in highly…

Gomez, Enrique J.; Quiles, Jose A.; Sanz, Marcos F.; del Pozo, Francisco

1998-01-01

318

NCHSR (National Center for Health Services Research) and HCTA (Health Care Technology Assessment) Program Note. Center Reports Available from National Technical Information Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document is a listing of research reports, resulting from research projects supported by the National Center for Health Services Research (NCHSR), which are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS). These reports were entered i...

1985-01-01

319

Defense Technical Information Center Executive Information Systems: Documentation and User's Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical documentation and a user's manual are presented. DTIC's Tactical Plan for Automated Management Information Systems, March 1987, defines the need for statistical decision-making information and trend reporting. A DTIC-EIS prototype was developed ...

J. C. Metzger J. E. Felch

1989-01-01

320

Information Management: What's in Store for the Professional and the Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of impact of technological change on the information profession highlights changing environment, cost performance increase, diversity of roles (information specialist, personnel manager, marketing specialist), client needs research and analysis, market management, service development and management, and role of information manager of…

Borbely, Jack

1984-01-01

321

Welfare Reform and Substance Abuse  

PubMed Central

The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) changed the nature, purpose, and financing of public aid. Researchers, administrators, and policymakers expressed special concern about the act's impact on low-income mothers with substance use disorders. Before PRWORA's passage, however, little was known about the true prevalence of these disorders among welfare recipients or about the likely effectiveness of substance abuse treatment interventions for welfare recipients. Subsequent research documented that substance abuse disorders are less widespread among welfare recipients than was originally thought and are less common than other serious barriers to self-sufficiency. This research also showed significant administrative barriers to the screening, assessment, and referral of drug-dependent welfare recipients. This article summarizes current research findings and examines implications for welfare reform reauthorization.

Metsch, Lisa R; Pollack, Harold A

2005-01-01

322

Small Towns and Welfare Reform: Iowa Case Studies and Families and Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines rural-urban differences in the implementation of welfare reform policies using Iowa as a case study. Information waas gathered at the state, community, and family levels to study community-level implications of the policy mandate to move families off the welfare rolls and into the workforce. State and community interviews with key informants were conducted using The Urban Institute's

Cynthia Needles Fletcher; Jan L. Flora; Barbara J. Gaddis; Mary Winter; Jacquelyn S. Litt

2000-01-01

323

Disseminating maternal health information to rural women: a user centered design framework.  

PubMed

The delivery of primary health information to rural women is a considerable challenge for government and private sectors in rural India. This paper illustrates how by applying the proposed user centered framework dissemination of maternal health information to rural women can be improved. First, the paper presents baseline study to obtain existing knowledge level of women and design requirements for a Primary Health Information System (PHIS). Second, the paper presents a brief description of the PHIS system which was deployed in a village for sixteen months in rural India. Third, the paper explains longitudinal study conducted post intervention of PHIS to measure the impact of PHIS on the knowledge level and health behaviour of rural women in comparison to the baseline study. The results indicate that by following the proposed user centered approach to design the PHIS, a significant improvement in knowledge level of rural women and positive changes in health practices are achieved. PMID:21347047

Parmar, Vikram

2010-11-13

324

Why Should I Know About Animal Welfare Audits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Market driven demands for verification that animals used to produce food receive humane care have resulted in welfare audits becoming a reality for beef and chickens raised for products sold to fast food chains. The dairy industry is targeted for similar audits and the Dairy Quality Assurance Center (2002) was approved by the retail organizations Food Marketing Institute and the

Susan D. Eicher

325

Analysis of Health, Education and Welfare Day Care Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document analyzes Department of Health, Education and Welfare (DHEW) regulations for day care centers and homes. New DHEW day care proposals are paraphrased and the content and history of related regulations are summarized. Topics discussed include definitions, applicability, Office of Education waivers, program activities for children,…

National Black Child Development Inst., Inc., Washington, DC.

326

University of California-Davis Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center: Publications Organized by Topic  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center is housed in the Pomology Department at the University of California-Davis. Postharvest Center research focuses on improving the quality of horticultural crops, reducing post-harvest losses, improving marketing efficiency, and solving produce handling problems. This Publications website contains a wealth of downloadable articles organized by a wide range of crops and related issues. The numerous publication categories include: Apples, Nectarines, Lettuce, Postharvest IPM, Health Benefits, Storage, and many more. Visitors can locate articles by browsing the site index or by using a keyword search engine.

327

Requirements Analysis for the Development of Digital Library for the DOD Information Operations Center for Excellence (IOCFE).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a memo from Paul Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of Defense, 'The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) is hereby designated the DoD Information Operations Center for Excellence. In that capacity, NPS shall facilitate development of Information Operations as a c...

T. Francis

2006-01-01

328

Welfare standards in hospital mergers.  

PubMed

There is a broad literature on the consequences of applying different welfare standards in merger control. Total welfare is usually defined as the sum of consumer and provider surplus, i.e., potential external effects are not considered. The general result is then that consumer welfare is a more restrictive standard than total welfare, which is advantageous in certain situations. This relationship between the two standards is not necessarily true when the merger has significant external effects. We model mergers on hospital markets and allow for not-profit-maximizing behavior of providers and mandatory health insurance. Mandatory health insurance detaches the financial and consumption side of health care markets, and the concept consumer in merger control becomes non-evident. Patients not visiting the merging hospitals still are affected by price changes through their insurance premiums. External financial effects emerge on not directly affected consumers. We show that applying a restricted interpretation of consumer (neglecting externality) in health care merger control can reverse the relation between the two standards; consumer welfare standard can be weaker than total welfare. Consequently, applying the wrong standard can lead to both clearing socially undesirable and to blocking socially desirable mergers. The possible negative consequences of applying a simple consumer welfare standard in merger control can be even stronger when hospitals maximize quality and put less weight on financial considerations. We also investigate the implications of these results for the practice of merger control. PMID:22688439

Katona, Katalin; Canoy, Marcel

2012-06-12

329

The Oak Ridge Technical Information Center: A trailblazer in federal documentation  

SciTech Connect

This softbound book attempts to record the history of US AEC's Technical Information Center, from its conception (1947) to 1977. This organization centralizes and manages the issues related to control and dissemination of technical information, to fulfill the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946. TIC tried to search out and install efficient and economical systems for servicing the various technical information programs. It coordinated a direct organization-to-organization information exchange program, and it also participated in official bilateral exchange programs and in developing information systems for IAEA and Euratom. The work, planning, and strategies employed to achieve goals are chronicled in this book, whose 18 chapters are arranged into four sections according to different presidential administrations.

Vaden, W.M.

1992-01-01

330

The Oak Ridge Technical Information Center: A trailblazer in federal documentation  

SciTech Connect

This document attempts to record the history of US AEC`s Technical Information Center, from its conception (1947) to 1977. This organization centralizes and manages the issues related to control and dissemination of technical information, to fulfill the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946. TIC tried to search out and install efficient and economical systems for servicing the various technical information programs. It coordinated a direct organization-to-organization information exchange program, and it also participated in official bilateral exchange programs and in developing information systems for IAEA and Euratom. The work, planning, and strategies employed to achieve goals are chronicled in this document, with 18 chapters arranged into four sections according to different presidential administrations.

Vaden, W.M.

1992-01-01

331

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The Project, called the Informal Science Educators Network Project (ISEN), is composed primarily of informal science educators and exhibit developers from science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, parks, and nature centers. Although museum-based professionals represent the majority of subscribers to ISEN, also involved are some classroom teachers and teacher educators from colleges and universities. Common to all ISEN participants is a commitment to school and science education reform. Specifically, funding from the Department of Energy helped to boot strap the effort, providing Barrier Reduction Vouchers to 123 educators that enabled them participate in ISEN. Among the major accomplishments of the Project are these: (1) assistance to 123 informal science educators to attend Internet training sessions held in connection with the Project and/or purchase hardware and software that linked them to the Internet; (2) Internet training for 153 informal science educators; (3) development of a listserv which currently has over 180 subscribers--an all-time high; (4) opportunity to participate in four web chats involving informal science educators with noted researchers; (5) development of two sites on the World Wide Web linking informal science educators to Internet resources; (6) creation of an on-line collection of over 40 articles related to inquiry-based teaching and science education reform. In order to continue the momentum of the Project, ASTC has requested from the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science project a no/cost extension through December 1997.

NONE

1997-05-09

332

Developing and Applying a User-Centered Model for the Design and Implementation of Information Visualization Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to show how approaches for user-centered information visualization design and development are being applied in the context of healthcare where users are not familiar with information visualization techniques. We base our design methods on user-centered frameworks in which 'prototyping' plays an important role in the process. We modify existing approaches to involve prototyping at

Lian Chee Koh; Aidan Slingsby; Jason Dykes; Tin Seong Kam

2011-01-01

333

Green accounting and the welfare gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although gross domestic product (GDP) is not intended to be a measure of societal welfare, it is often used as such. One shortcoming as a welfare measure is that it fails to account for the non-marketed value of natural resource flows. The difference between societal welfare and GDP is labelled the ‘welfare gap’. A model that accounts for both market

Paul Turner; John Tschirhart

1999-01-01

334

Evaluation of Usefulness of Computerized Information Systems to Small Information and Referral Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The feasibility and utility of providing online access to a comprehensive data base of area service agencies and to an interagency client tracking system by a small information and referral agency staff were evaluated through a demonstration project in Sa...

M. Payton M. Kotulak

1982-01-01

335

Special needs and child welfare: healing the child.  

PubMed

Passage of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 has placed the child at the center of the child welfare system. Courts bear the ultimate responsibility for the safety and well-being of these children, including those with disabilities. Findings from the Child and Family Service Reviews, however, indicate less-than-optimal conformity in a number of states regarding the physical and mental well-being of children. A multidisciplinary approach involving jurisprudence, science, and financing is required to bring about better compliance. Collaboration among legal, medical, dental, and child advocacy organizations is necessary for healing children in the welfare system to become a national imperative. PMID:17566535

Lederman, Cindy S

336

Implementation of a user-centered framework in the development of a web-based health information database and call center.  

PubMed

As healthcare consumers increasingly turn to the World Wide Web (WWW) to obtain health information, it is imperative that health-related websites are user-centered. Websites are often developed without consideration of intended users' characteristics, literacy levels, preferences, and information goals resulting in user dissatisfaction, abandonment of the website, and ultimately the need for costly redesign. This paper provides a methodological review of a user-centered framework that incorporates best practices in literacy, information quality, and human-computer interface design and evaluation to guide the design and redesign process of a consumer health website. Following the description of the methods, a case analysis is presented, demonstrating the successful application of the model in the redesign of a consumer health information website with call center. Comparisons between the iterative revisions of the website showed improvements in usability, readability, and user satisfaction. PMID:21396486

Taylor, Heather A; Sullivan, Dori; Mullen, Cydney; Johnson, Constance M

2011-03-17

337

Screening for Domestic Violence in Public Welfare Offices  

PubMed Central

Despite a high prevalence of domestic violence among welfare clients, most studies of the implementation of the Family Violence Option (FVO) under welfare reform find that women rarely receive domestic violence services in welfare offices. This study reviews findings from current research on the factors that improve the likelihood that women will reveal their domestic violence experiences to service personnel, and uses the guidelines drawn from this review to evaluate domestic violence screening practices in welfare offices using 782 transcribed interviews between welfare workers and clients from 11 sites in four states. The analysis found that only 9.3% of case encounters involved screening for domestic violence. Screening rates differed by state, interview type, and length of worker employment. Qualitative analysis of the interviews showed that the majority of screening by workers was routinized or consisted of informing clients of the domestic violence policy without asking about abuse. Only 1.2% of the interviews incorporated at least two of the procedures that increase the likelihood of disclosure among domestic violence survivors, suggesting deeply inadequate approaches to screening for abuse within the context of welfare offices, and a need for improved training, protocol, and monitoring of FVO implementation.

Lindhorst, Taryn; Meyers, Marcia; Casey, Erin

2008-01-01

338

Geographical Information Systems for Mapping Maternal Ground Transport to Level III Care Neonatal Centers.  

PubMed

Objective The objective of this investigation was to determine maternal ground transport times from community hospitals to the nearest hospital offering comprehensive (level III) neonatal care within the contiguous United States.Study Design This observational study combined data from the 2010 U.S. Census tract and 2010 American Hospital Association Annual Survey. Level III (full complement of care) neonatal centers were plotted using 2010 geographical information systems (GIS) mapping software (ESRI, Redland, California, United States). Locations of level I (uncomplicated care) and level II (limited complicated care) centers and residences of reproductive-aged women (18 to 39 years old) were mapped to identify maternal ground transport times to level III centers.Results Most of the 584 level III neonatal centers were located in metropolitan areas (83.5%). The proportions of level I and level II hospitals within a 30-minute drive of a level III neonatal center were 19.8 and 47.3%, and 52.2 and 69.8% were within a 60-minute drive time. Ground transport times were shortest in the Northeast and metropolitan areas, and longest in the rural Great Plains and noncoastal West.Conclusion GIS mapping enables health providers and health policy makers to better understand maternal ground transport times to current and future regional hospitals offering level III neonatal services. PMID:23765706

Brown, Steffen A; Richards, Michael E; Elwell, Erika C; Rayburn, William F

2013-06-13

339

Health and welfare in organic poultry production.  

PubMed

This review paper deals with the major health and welfare aspects of organic poultry production. The differences between organic and conventional egg and poultry meat production are discussed, with the main emphasis on housing and management requirements, feed composition and the use of veterinary prophylactic and therapeutic drugs. The effects of the legislation and statutes for organic farming on the health and welfare of the birds are also discussed, especially in relation to the biosecurity problems associated with free-range systems, the occurrence of behavioural disturbances in loose housed flocks and the use of veterinary drugs and vaccinations in general. The results from a questionnaire sent out to all Swedish organic egg producers, where questions about the farmer's perception of the birds' health status were included, are presented at the end of the paper. It is concluded that most of the health and welfare problems seen in conventional poultry systems for loose housed or free ranging birds can also been found on organic poultry farms. It is also concluded that there is a need for information about biosecurity, disease detection and disease prevention on organic poultry farms. PMID:11995389

Berg, C

2001-01-01

340

The educational resources information center (ERIC): A system faces its future  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 1987 study of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) proposed several key improvements to ERIC's acquisition,\\u000a synthesis, and dissemination activities, including a recommendation that ERIC products and services should be more widely\\u000a available to diverse audiences. Achieving significant improvements in ERIC hinges on three factors: receiving additional resources,\\u000a applying new technologies, and adapting systemwide management policies. Future system improvement

Robert M. Stonehill

1990-01-01

341

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information: 2002 update  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

2002-01-01

342

Catalog of Databases and Reports from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report catalogues the titles, authors, years, and brief descriptions for databases and reports from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The reports, many of which are available online, focus on the greenhouse effect and global climate change. The catalog is divided into US Department of Energy (DOE) reports, CDIAC reports, CDIAC numeric data and computer model products, and databases. Author and title indexes are available.

343

Information Strategy of Nuclear Training Center Ljubljana in the Area of Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

Slovenia has plans to build a repository for low- and medium-radioactive waste by 2013, the location in the very neighborhood of nuclear power plant is almost chosen, but the final approval hasn't been granted yet. The main obstacle is public opinion. Public information activities are therefore vitally important. One of the most important players in this area in Slovenia is Nuclear Training Center in Ljubljana. Though its main task is training of nuclear professionals, it has a significant role in dissemination of knowledge about radioactivity and nuclear technology also among general public. Public information is focused on youngsters. Almost one half of every generation of schoolchildren in Slovenia visits the Information center yearly and in May 2007, we have celebrated the 100,000. visitor since its opening. Live lectures, exhibition, publications and laboratory demonstrations are offered. To measure the opinion of youngsters about nuclear power and get a feed-back for our activities about 1000 youngsters are polled every year since 1993 using the same basic set of questions. The paper describes the information strategy, types of lectures and information materials, permanent exhibition with the most important exhibits. Furthermore, the results of yearly polls of our visitors and comparison with relevant Euro-barometer polls are presented. (authors)

Jeneie, I. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Nuclear Training Center, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2008-07-01

344

ImTK: an open source multi-center information management toolkit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Information Management Toolkit (ImTK) Consortium is an open source initiative to develop robust, freely available tools related to the information management needs of basic, clinical, and translational research. An open source framework and agile programming methodology can enable distributed software development while an open architecture will encourage interoperability across different environments. The ISIS Center has conceptualized a prototype data sharing network that simulates a multi-center environment based on a federated data access model. This model includes the development of software tools to enable efficient exchange, sharing, management, and analysis of multimedia medical information such as clinical information, images, and bioinformatics data from multiple data sources. The envisioned ImTK data environment will include an open architecture and data model implementation that complies with existing standards such as Digital Imaging and Communications (DICOM), Health Level 7 (HL7), and the technical framework and workflow defined by the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Information Technology Infrastructure initiative, mainly the Cross Enterprise Document Sharing (XDS) specifications.

Alaoui, Adil; Ingeholm, Mary Lou; Padh, Shilpa; Dorobantu, Mihai; Desai, Mihir; Cleary, Kevin; Mun, Seong K.

2008-04-01

345

Welfare Implications of User Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation by users is now understood to be an important part of innovative activity in the economy. In this paper we explore\\u000a the implications of adding innovation by users to existing models of social welfare that currently assume innovation by manufacturers\\u000a only. We find this addition removes several inefficiencies, and that social welfare is likely to be increased by the

Joachim Henkel

2005-01-01

346

The Future of Poultry Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In contemplating the future of poultry welfare, one must be aware of the current situation in the context of how this issue\\u000a has evolved. From this perspective, one may project forward to identify opportunities for continued advancements and barriers\\u000a that must be negotiated. In this chapter, we will explore the development of poultry welfare as a topic of public concern

Suzanne T. Millman; Joy A. Mench; Anne E. Malleau

347

Sheep Welfare: A Future Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is every indication that animal welfare will continue to be a major issue affecting livestock farming in the future.\\u000a At the same time sheep farming is under pressure worldwide to become a lower-input farming enterprise. The drive to lower\\u000a inputs and, in particular, restrictions on labour could have important implications for animal welfare by reducing levels\\u000a of care and

A. B. Lawrence; J. Conington

348

Leapfrogging, Growth Reversals and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that leapfrogging and growth reversals entail sizeable welfare gains and losses, respectively, in an AK economy that cannot credibly commit to investment when borrowing from international financial markets. Small no-commitment delays originate a trade-off that has an ambiguous effect on welfare: they reduce the long-run consumption growth rate but increase the initial level of consumption that is optimally

Raouf Boucekkine; Giorgio Fabbri; Patrick-Antoine Pintus

2011-01-01

349

Providing medical information to college health center personnel: a circuit Librarian Service at the University of Illinois.  

PubMed

College health center personnel are no different from other health practitioners in their need for medical information. To help meet this need, the McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, developed a partnership in 1997 with the Library of the Health Sciences-Urbana, a regional site library of the University of Illinois at Chicago campus. This partnership led to the adoption of circuit librarianship, a dynamic outreach model, to enhance access to health information for McKinley Health Center personnel. A circuit librarian consults with health center personnel during regularly scheduled on-site visits to the center and its satellite office. Upon returning to the resource library, the circuit librarian conducts research for clinical information on behalf of the center's personnel, then sees that articles, books, and relevant Web sites are identified and delivered to assist in answering questions regarding disease management, drug therapy, wellness, and health administration. PMID:14765763

Stumpff, Julia C

350

Information Activities in Selected Types of U.S. Scientific and Technical Libraries and Information Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This overview of the development of scientific and technical libraries in the United States highlights changes since World War II and present-day characteristics, role of the information manager, planning process, fiscal management, collection management, services, impact of technology, networking, marketing library services, and implications for…

Cveljo, K.

1985-01-01

351

Animal welfare and international trade.  

PubMed

Globalisation is becoming a force that is revolutionising international trade, particularly that of animals and animal products. There is increasing interest in animal welfare worldwide, and as part of its 2001-2005 Strategic Plan the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) identified the development of international standards on animal welfare as a priority. The OIE's scientific approach to standard-setting provides the foundation for the development, and acceptance by all OIE Member Countries, of these animal welfare guidelines. The paper discusses how these guidelines on animal welfare can be implemented, both within the provisions of World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements and within the framework of voluntary codes of conduct. Even if animal welfare guidelines are not covered by any WTO agreements in the future, bi- and multilateral agreements, voluntary corporate codes, and transparent labelling of products should result in a progressive acceptance of OIE guidelines. Ultimately, consumer demands and demonstrable gains in animal production will result in an incremental evolution in animal welfare consciousness and adherence to international standards. PMID:16358524

Thiermann, A B; Babcock, S

2005-08-01

352

[Experience of information sharing between local healthcare management and regional Administration of Federal Service for Surveillance for Protection of Consumers Rights and Human Welfare in Sverdlovsk region during outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in town Verkhnyaya Pyshma in July-August 2007].  

PubMed

Issues of reliability, uniformity, and timeliness of reporting and sharing of information during outbreaks of infectious diseases are basic for establishment of tactics and strategy of organizational, antiepidemic, and clinical measures. Analysis of experience in sharing of information between medical care organization service and services ensuring sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population during outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in town Verkhnyaya Pyshma in July-August 2007 was performed in the article. PMID:18464553

Syrochkina, M A; Skliar, M S; Romanenko, V V; Smirnova, S S; Mikha?lova, A O; Bubnova, E M; Fefilov, V V; Tatareva, S V; Chadova, E A; Bobyleva, Z D; Amon, E P; Be?kin, Ia B; Besedina, L G; Mel'nikova, O V; Shilova, V P; Rozanova, S M; Pervalova, E Iu

353

The Child's Developmental Environment: The Nursery School as a Welfare Component.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that Norwegian day-care centers can represent a genuine welfare factor for parents and children only if center planning and development are founded on systematic analyses of the children's developmental environment and the day-care center's function as one of several measures designed to meet child needs and interests. (Author/DB)|

Nafstad, Hilde Eileen

1980-01-01

354

Intet-Generational Transfer of Welfare Dependency: Program Effects on Future Welfare Recipiency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes how parental welfare participation affects the fertility and schooling decisions of children in welfare families (fertility and low earning potential are prerequisites for welfare dependency). Data from the National Longitudinal Survey...

J. J. Antel

1986-01-01

355

Predictors of welfare and child outcomes in female-headed households in sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines correlates of household welfare in female-headed households in three countries of sub-Saharan Africa – Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe – using data from the 2004 wave of the Afrobarometer survey (n?=?3525). More specifically, we assess the role government interventions and informal assistance might play in predicting household welfare. The association between female headship of a household and aspirations

Margaret Lombe; Najwa Safadi; Chrisann Newransky

2011-01-01

356

A qualitative look at child care selection among rural welfare-to-work participants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The welfare reforms of 1996 changed the administration of public assistance to children and families. One of the key provisions, requiring parents to join the workforce, resulted in an expanded need for child care. Prior research demonstrates that welfare recipients, particularly in rural areas, utilize informal child care arrangements. Further, recipients in rural communities face greater challenges due to a

Allison De Marco

2008-01-01

357

Struggle for Self-Sufficiency: Impact of Welfare Reform on Families with Children in Kansas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, Kansas has dramatically reduced its welfare roles. Noting that achieving self-sufficiency is the real measure of success in combating poverty, this study examines welfare reform efforts in Kansas. To gather information, United Way member agencies and…

Kansas Action for Children, Inc., Topeka.

358

A New Measure of the Producer Welfare Effects of Technological Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well recognized that the statistical reliability of the conventional method of estimating the effects of technological change on producer welfare is often quite poor. I present a method that enhances the statistical reliability of such estimates. I emphasize that when measuring the welfare effects of technological change, valuable information can be gleaned from data on input prices and

David S. Bullock

2011-01-01

359

Eighteenth International Conference on Social Welfare, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1976. Swedish National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report discusses achievements in Sweden's economic and social reforms which have led to an increase in equality. Intended as Sweden's contribution to the exchange of information regarding social welfare action in developed and developing nations, the report is presented in eight chapters. Chapter I enumerates Sweden's policies of welfare,…

1976

360

Advertising effects on consumer welfare: Prices paid and liking for brands selected  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of advertising on consumer welfare has been the subject of dispute among economists, arising largely from disagreement among scholars regarding the persuasive versus the informative role of advertising. This paper reports two experiments that explore the welfare implications of advertising effects. Experiment 1 shows that the same advertisements can either increase or decrease prices paid for selected brands,

Anusree Mitra; John G. Lynch

1996-01-01

361

The Houston Academy of Medicine--Texas Medical Center Library management information system.  

PubMed Central

A management information system (MIS) provides a means for collecting, reporting, and analyzing data from all segments of an organization. Such systems are common in business but rare in libraries. The Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library developed an MIS that operates on a system of networked IBM PCs and Paradox, a commercial database software package. The data collected in the system include monthly reports, client profile information, and data collected at the time of service requests. The MIS assists with enforcement of library policies, ensures that correct information is recorded, and provides reports for library managers. It also can be used to help answer a variety of ad hoc questions. Future plans call for the development of an MIS that could be adapted to other libraries' needs, and a decision-support interface that would facilitate access to the data contained in the MIS databases.

Camille, D; Chadha, S; Lyders, R A

1993-01-01

362

The Houston Academy of Medicine--Texas Medical Center Library management information system.  

PubMed

A management information system (MIS) provides a means for collecting, reporting, and analyzing data from all segments of an organization. Such systems are common in business but rare in libraries. The Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library developed an MIS that operates on a system of networked IBM PCs and Paradox, a commercial database software package. The data collected in the system include monthly reports, client profile information, and data collected at the time of service requests. The MIS assists with enforcement of library policies, ensures that correct information is recorded, and provides reports for library managers. It also can be used to help answer a variety of ad hoc questions. Future plans call for the development of an MIS that could be adapted to other libraries' needs, and a decision-support interface that would facilitate access to the data contained in the MIS databases. PMID:8251972

Camille, D; Chadha, S; Lyders, R A

1993-10-01

363

Marketing information goods and services in medical libraries and information centers  

PubMed Central

Marketing is one of the essential parts of any business corporation in the modern management. One can see the difference between corporations in gaining their goals, considering their marketing methods. Gaining more advantage or acquiring more funds can be of reasons for marketing, but these are not all the reasons. Perhaps the most important reason for marketing is increasing the customer satisfaction. This, in turn, leads to more willingness in payment and using services. Nowadays, due to rapid growth in ICT, changes in budgets, rapid growth in development and use of knowledge, variety of users and their needs, marketing has become an important factor in any library activities. Libraries are now more responsible in this regard, because marketing is now an important tool in improving users’ satisfaction in using library services. Hence, marketing is now very important for libraries to survive in the increasing pressures of competitive conditions of the information market. This article is tapping on issues such as information marketing, principles of marketing, marketing techniques, developing markets, and marketing skills. Some recommendations are also presented for marketing in libraries.

Ashrafi-rizi, Hasan; Kazempour, Zahra

2012-01-01

364

Integration of footprints information systems in palliative care: the case of Medical Center of Central Georgia.  

PubMed

Healthcare in America continues to be of paramount importance, and one of the most highly debated public policy issues of our time. With annual expenditures already exceeding $2.4 trillion, and yielding less than optimal results, it stands to reason that we must turn to promising tools and solutions, such as information technology (IT), to improve service efficiency and quality of care. Presidential addresses in 2004 and 2008 laid out an agenda, framework, and timeline for national health information technology investment and development. A national initiative was long overdue. This report we show that advancements in both medical technologies and information systems can be capitalized upon, hence extending information systems usage beyond data collection to include administrative and decision support, care plan development, quality improvement, etc. In this paper we focus on healthcare services for palliative patients. We present the development and preliminary accounts of a successful initiative in the Medical Center of Central Georgia where footprints information technology was modified and integrated into the hospital's palliative care service and existing EMR systems. The project provides evidence that there are a plethora of areas in healthcare in which innovative application of information systems could significantly enhance the care delivered to loved ones, and improve operations at the same time.. PMID:21057887

Tsavatewa, Christopher; Musa, Philip F; Ramsingh, Isaac

2010-11-06

365

Invertebrate welfare: an overlooked issue.  

PubMed

While invertebrates make up the majority of animal species, their welfare is overlooked compared to the concern shown to vertebrates. This fact is highlighted by the near absence of regulations in animal research, with the exception of cephalopods in the European Union. This is often justified by assumptions that invertebrates do not experience pain and stress while lacking the capacity for higher order cognitive functions. Recent research suggests that invertebrates may be just as capable as vertebrates in experiencing pain and stress, and some species display comparable cognitive capacities. Another obstacle is the negative view of invertebrates by the public, which often regards them as pests with no individual personalities, gastronomic entities, or individuals for scientific experimentation without rules. Increasingly, studies have revealed that invertebrates possess individual profiles comparable to the personalities found in vertebrates. Given the large economic impact of invertebrates, developing certain attitude changes in invertebrate welfare may be beneficial for producers while providing higher welfare conditions for the animals. While the immense number and type of species makes it difficult to suggest that all invertebrates will benefit from increased welfare, in this review we provide evidence that the topic of invertebrate welfare should be revisited, more thoroughly investigated, and in cases where appropriate, formally instituted. PMID:23535125

Horvath, Kelsey; Angeletti, Dario; Nascetti, Giuseppe; Carere, Claudio

2013-01-01

366

Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science research plan 2013-18  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science (CEGIS) was created in 2006 and since that time has provided research primarily in support of The National Map. The presentations and publications of the CEGIS researchers document the research accomplishments that include advances in electronic topographic map design, generalization, data integration, map projections, sea level rise modeling, geospatial semantics, ontology, user-centered design, volunteer geographic information, and parallel and grid computing for geospatial data from The National Map. A research plan spanning 2013–18 has been developed extending the accomplishments of the CEGIS researchers and documenting new research areas that are anticipated to support The National Map of the future. In addition to extending the 2006–12 research areas, the CEGIS research plan for 2013–18 includes new research areas in data models, geospatial semantics, high-performance computing, volunteered geographic information, crowdsourcing, social media, data integration, and multiscale representations to support the Three-Dimensional Elevation Program (3DEP) and The National Map of the future of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Usery, E. Lynn

2013-01-01

367

Determination of the Consistency of Relevance Judgments and the Reliability of Search Strategies Among Information Specialists for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability of various Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) information specialists to prepare search strategies for document retrieval was studied by providing ten typical search request statements to seven information specialists. Each specialist prepared search strategies independently. Significant variations occurred among the…

Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

368

Management Information System for Community Mental Health Centers. Volume IV: System Design for the NIMH Protype MIS for CMHCs. Processing Logic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NIMH Prototype Management Information System (MIS) for Community Mental Health Centers (CMHCs) was designed to satisfy CMHC needs as part of NIMH's program to assist Federally-funded centers in acquiring automated information processing systems. The s...

1980-01-01

369

Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues…

Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

2012-01-01

370

Toward Self Sufficiency: Social Issues in the Nineties. Proceedings of the National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (33rd, Scottsdale, Arizona, August 7-11, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The presentations compiled in these proceedings on welfare and self-sufficiency reflect much of the current research in areas of housing, health, employment and training, welfare and reform, nutrition, child support, child care, and youth. The first section provides information on the conference and on the National Association for Welfare

National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics, Olympia, WA.

371

CYCIS: A Child and Youth Centered Information System. Phase II: System Design. Volume V: Security and Privacy Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The establishment and implementation of the Child and Youth Centered Information System (CYCIS) is contingent upon acceptance of the principles and procedures equivalent to those set forth in the security and privacy manual. These principles and procedure...

1975-01-01

372

Management Information System for Community Mental Health Centers. Volume II: Suggested System Standard for the NIMH Prototype.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to identify a Suggested System Standard which will operate on available hardware systems for implementation of a prototype NIMH Management Information System (MIS) for Community Mental Health Centers (CMHCs). The hardware m...

1980-01-01

373

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (December 1995).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1995-01-01

374

COMMUNICATING RISK INFORMATION TO STATE AND LOCAL AIR POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCIES VIA U.S. EPA'S AIR RISK INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTER (AIR RISC)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Air Risk Information Support Center (Air RISC) has been organized by U.S. EPA's offices of Air Quality Planning and Standards and Health and Environmental Assessment. The center has been developed in cooperation with the State and Territorial air Pollution Control Program Adm...

375

Text, Lies, and the Welfare State: The Portrayal of Welfare Recipients in Welfare-to-Work Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study analyzed the ideological messages about welfare recipients promoted in two welfare-to-work educational programs. Data were collected through interviews with students, teachers, and administrators at an adult literacy classroom serving unemployed women on welfare and an employment preparation program designed to increase job skills of…

Sandlin, Jennifer A.

376

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC): A Resource for Nuclear Science Applications  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) has been in existence since 1963. RSICC collects, organizes, evaluates and disseminates technical information (software and nuclear data) involving the transport of neutral and charged particle radiation, and shielding and protection from the radiation associated with: nuclear weapons and materials, fission and fusion reactors, outer space, accelerators, medical facilities, and nuclear waste management. RSICC serves over 12,000 scientists and engineers from about 100 countries. An important activity of RSICC is its participation in international efforts on computational and experimental benchmarks. An example is the Shielding Integral Benchmarks Archival Database (SINBAD), which includes shielding benchmarks for fission, fusion and accelerators. RSICC is funded by the United States Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security and Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL

2009-01-01

377

Delivering health information services and technologies to urban community health centers: the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project.  

PubMed Central

Health professionals cannot address public health issues effectively unless they have immediate access to current biomedical information. This paper reports on one mode of access, the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project, which was supported by the National Library of Medicine through outreach awards in 1995 and 1996. The three-year project is an effort to link the programs and services of the University of Illinois at Chicago Library of the Health Sciences and the Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center with the clinic services of community-based organizations in Chicago. The project was designed to provide electronic access to AIDS-related information for AIDS patients, the affected community, and their care givers. The project also provided Internet access and training and continued access to library resources. The successful initiative suggests a working model for outreach to health professionals in an urban setting.

Martin, E R; McDaniels, C; Crespo, J; Lanier, D

1997-01-01

378

Delivering health information services and technologies to urban community health centers: the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project.  

PubMed

Health professionals cannot address public health issues effectively unless they have immediate access to current biomedical information. This paper reports on one mode of access, the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project, which was supported by the National Library of Medicine through outreach awards in 1995 and 1996. The three-year project is an effort to link the programs and services of the University of Illinois at Chicago Library of the Health Sciences and the Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center with the clinic services of community-based organizations in Chicago. The project was designed to provide electronic access to AIDS-related information for AIDS patients, the affected community, and their care givers. The project also provided Internet access and training and continued access to library resources. The successful initiative suggests a working model for outreach to health professionals in an urban setting. PMID:9431424

Martin, E R; McDaniels, C; Crespo, J; Lanier, D

1997-10-01

379

Public Opinion Polls, Voter Turnout, and Welfare: An Experimental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We experimentally study the impact of public opinion poll releases on voter turnout and welfare in a participation game. We find higher turnout rates when polls inform the electorate about the levels of support for various candidates than when polls are prohibited. Distinguishing between allied and floating voters, our data show that this increase in turnout is entirely due to

Jens Großer; Arthur Schram

2007-01-01

380

Child Care Issues Impacting Welfare Reform in the Rural South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to affordable, quality child care is a major barrier to successful employment for many families. About one-fifth of families return to welfare within a few months of leaving, with lack of accessible child care and transportation being the most frequently cited reasons. These issues are likely to be compounded in the rural South. Information

Ghazvini, Alisa S.; Mullis, Ann K.; Mullis, Ronald L.; Park, Jennifer J.

1999-01-01

381

Linkages for Indian Child Welfare Programs: Resource Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This directory contains information on over 300 American Indian child welfare programs, resources, curriculums, publications, and funding sources. The section on alcohol and substance abuse features 12 prevention and treatment programs and 9 elementary and secondary school prevention curriculums, as well as related resources, publications,…

Gale, Nancy, Ed.

382

The Animal Welfare Act and why it matters to librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief history of the Animal Welfare Act and suggest that librarians and other information professionals can play an active role in helping researchers to comply with the Act. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The author attended workshops directed towards Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) and Biomedical Researchers. As a result

John E. Osinski

2011-01-01

383

Health and welfare in animals and humans.  

PubMed

This paper contains a brief comparative analysis of some philosophical and scientific discourses on human and animal health and welfare, focusing mainly on the welfare of sentient animals. The paper sets forth two kinds of proposals for the analysis of animal welfare which do not appear in the contemporary philosophical discussion of human welfare, viz. the coping theory of welfare and the theory of welfare in terms of natural behaviour. These proposals are scrutinized in the light of some similar theories dealing with human health and quality of life. My conclusion is that the coping theory and the natural behaviour theory are not in themselves adequate for the characterization of welfare, either for humans or for sentient animals. I contend, finally, that, in the light of the previous discussion, there are good arguments for a particular set of analyses of both animal and human welfare, viz. the ones that are based on the notions of preference satisfaction and positive subjective experiences. PMID:21298322

Nordenfelt, Lennart

2011-02-05

384

Welfare Regimes, Welfare Systems and Housing in Southern Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are housing provision systems in southern Europe (Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece) different from those in northern Europe? Answering this question requires a way of theorizing housing systems, which locates them within their broader societal contexts. After setting out some of the key empirical differences between northern and southern, the paper reanalyses Esping-Andersen's work on welfare regimes and reviews housing-specific

Judith Allen

2006-01-01

385

Corporate Welfare: The Third Stage of Welfare in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Corporate involvement in social welfare represents a third stage in the evolution of welfare institutions in the United States, following the voluntary sector and the welfare state. Examining health and welfare corporations reveals rapid growth and consolidation in nursing homes, hospital management, health maintenance organizations, child care,…

Stoesz, David

1986-01-01

386

Initial Welfare Spells: Trends, Events, and Duration, with Implications for Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mother's initiation of welfare receipt is a key event for understanding the dynamics of welfare receipt and the likely consequences of welfare reform legislation passed in 1996. Using 28 years of data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), we conduct a number of related analyses of first welfare spells. We first examine trends in the number and

Johanne Boisjoly; Kathleen Mullan Harris; Greg J. Duncan

387

Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work. Civic Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the first in a series documenting the actual results of welfare reform, examining changes in the welfare and work participation of single mothers. Data come from the annual March supplement to the U.S. Current Population Survey. Results find that the number of families on welfare declined by 50 percent between passage of welfare

O'Neill, June E.; Hill, M. Anne

388

Comparing Drug Use between Welfare-Receiving Arrestees and Non-Welfare-Receiving Arrestees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares drug-positive rates between welfare-receiving arrestees, non-welfare receiving arrestees living below the poverty level, and non-welfare arrestees living above the poverty level. Welfare-receiving arrestees were more likely to be female, older, less educated, and to test positive for opiates and benzodiazepines than the other subgroups.…

Yacoubian, George S., Jr.; Peters, Ronald J., Jr.; Urbach, Blake J.; Johnson, Regina J.

2002-01-01

389

The Urban Institute: Issues in Focus: Child Welfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Urban Institute has been actively involved in research on urban-themed policy issues and related matters for over four decades. One of their thematic research programs covers child welfare. On this site, visitors can learn about this program, look over recent research reports, and sign up to receive their electronic newsletter. The "About the Program" is a fine place to start, and here visitors will learn that their work includes research on the finances of child welfare programs, adoption, and kinship care. Further on down the homepage, users will find recent reports like "Who Will Adopt the Foster Care Children Left Behind?" and "Trends in U.S. Foster Care Adoption Legislation: A State by State Analysis". The site is rounded out by information on the program team and an area where visitors can sign up to receive the Child Welfare Research Program's quarterly electronic newsletter.

2008-01-01

390

Lost Ground: Poverty, Welfare Reform and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the mid-1980s, the popularity of Charles Murray's anti-welfare treatise Losing Ground signaled the rising influence of the right-wing critique of welfare. In Lost Ground: Welfare Reform, Poverty and Beyond, a respected array of social scientists buck the conservative trend established by Murray and his cohorts, exposing welfare reform as a sham and positing new strategies to end poverty.\\u000aSince

Randy Albelda; Ann Withorn

2002-01-01

391

The impact of welfare reform on the parenting role of women in rural communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current family policy suggests that in order to restore family values we, as a society, need to focus on reviving a child-centered household. Full-time mothering is lauded as an honorable choice that will advance this goal and ultimately strengthen traditional family values. However, current welfare policy is contrary to this notion in that mandatory welfare-to-work programs deny women receiving public

Debra A. Henderson; Ann R. Tickamyer; Barry L. Tadlock

2005-01-01

392

Lessons learned obtaining informed consent in research with vulnerable populations in community health center settings  

PubMed Central

Background To improve equity in access to medical research, successful strategies are needed to recruit diverse populations. Here, we examine experiences of community health center (CHC) staff who guided an informed consent process to overcome recruitment barriers in a medical record review study. Methods We conducted ten semi-structured interviews with CHC staff members. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and structurally and thematically coded. We used NVivo, an ethnographic data management software program, to analyze themes related to recruitment challenges. Results CHC interviewees reported that a key challenge to recruitment included the difficult balance between institutional review board (IRB) requirements for informed consent, and conveying an appropriate level of risk to patients. CHC staff perceived that the requirements of IRB certification itself posed a barrier to allowing diverse staff to participate in recruitment efforts. A key barrier to recruitment also included the lack of updated contact information on CHC patients. CHC interviewees reported that the successes they experienced reflected an alignment between study aims and CHC goals, and trusted relationships between CHCs and staff and the patients they recruited. Conclusions Making IRB training more accessible to CHC-based staff, improving consent form clarity for participants, and developing processes for routinely updating patient information would greatly lower recruitment barriers for diverse populations in health services research.

2012-01-01

393

Welfare Reform and Reducing Teen Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most adolescent mothers are unmarried and on welfare. Congress enacted new welfare legislation that emphasizes reducing teen pregnancy and requiring work, but states are reluctant to meet this challenge. Discusses child poverty's new face, public policy and culture wars, welfare reform, and social norms. Concludes that reducing unwed parenthood…

Sawhill, Isabel V.

2000-01-01

394

Welfare Reform and the Caseload Decline  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay Douglas J. Besharov and Peter Germanis trace what is known about the large decrease in welfare recipiency and what families are doing after they leave welfare. According to them, welfare offices have been transformed from places where mothers are automatically signed up for benefits to places where mothers are helped (and at times pressured) to get a

Douglas J. Besharov; Peter Germanis

2007-01-01

395

Transitions in welfare participation and female headship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses data from the 1990, 1992, 1993 and 1996 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation to examine how welfare policies and local economic conditions contribute to women's transitions into and out of female headship and into and out of welfare participation. It also examines whether welfare participation is directly associated with longer spells of headship.

John M. Fitzgerald; David C. Ribar

2005-01-01

396

The policy context of the welfare debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an examination of whether welfare program use is more responsive to economic conditions of need or to characteristics of program supply. The results of an analysis of growth in a major US welfare program illustrate that these forces do not operate independently of one another. Instead, welfare participation dynamics reflect economic need only in those jurisdictions where

J P Jones III; J E Kodras

1986-01-01

397

Welfare programs and the state economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Welfare policy has been controversial and support is often drawn along political affiliation lines, the economic return of investment in welfare programs is frequently cited as a justification for new and expanded policies. To investigate the direct and indirect effects of welfare programs on economic performance, the authors develop a multilink approach, through employment and investment. The relationship is then

Bruce D. McDonald; D. Ryan Miller

2010-01-01

398

Assessment of pain and welfare in sheep  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal welfare is the combination of subjective and objective (qualitative and quantitative) aspects of the conditions of life for animals, including health and disease, behaviour, husbandry and management, and is thus, a complex and abstract construct. Many definitions of farm animal welfare exist, but it is recognized that many prevalent inflammatory diseases are a major contributor to adverse welfare worldwide.

J. Fitzpatrick; M. Scott; A. Nolan

2006-01-01

399

Welfare Reform and Reducing Teen Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most adolescent mothers are unmarried and on welfare. Congress enacted new welfare legislation that emphasizes reducing teen pregnancy and requiring work, but states are reluctant to meet this challenge. Discusses child poverty's new face, public policy and culture wars, welfare reform, and social norms. Concludes that reducing unwed parenthood…

Sawhill, Isabel V.

2000-01-01

400

Animal Welfare Assessment in Cattle Farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different methodologies to evaluate animal welfare in cattle farms were proposed in last years. An Italian research team has recently developed a new methodology to assess animal welfare in dairy and beef cattle farms. The system called FWI (Farm Welfare Index, Italian letters IBA) is based on a specific check list for each different category of animal. The check list

Matteo Barbari; Alessandro Gastaldo; Paolo Rossi; Paolo Zappavigna

401

Immigration and income redistribution in welfare states  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out a political economy model where median voters who benefit from local income redistribution are affected by the fiscal burden of welfare payments to immigrants. The median voters also have cultural preferences. Immigrants are influenced in their relocation decision by welfare benefits in host countries. Uncoordinated, coordinated and leader–follower domestic welfare policies are compared. In the last

Jørgen Drud Hansen

2003-01-01

402

Literacy, Welfare & Work: Preliminary Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between literacy, welfare, and work was examined in an exploratory study that included a literature review and focus group interviews with a total of 17 literacy instructors and 10 literacy students from two locations in Manitoba: Winnipeg and Brandon with the rural area surrounding it. Particular attention was paid to the…

Smith, Janet

403

The Indian Child Welfare Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (I.C.W.A.) is federal legislation which preempts state law whenever Indian children may be removed from their families. The I.C.W.A. permits Indian tribal courts to decide the future of Indian children, establishes minimum federal standards for removal of Indian children from their families, requires that…

Steward, Katy Jo

404

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

405

Work and Welfare: An Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report observes that the economic outlook for the nation appears dim and that the continuing recession is driving more clients onto welfare while inflation is magnifying the cost to the government and diminishing the value of payments to the recipient...

M. Lowenthal

1971-01-01

406

Class, Culture, Poverty, and Welfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper seeks to assess the extent to which the concepts of social class and culture are useful in understanding poverty and welfare dependency, and in particular for understanding the inheritance of poverty and dependency from one generation to the nex...

L. Rainwater

1987-01-01

407

Dietary nitrogen and fish welfare.  

PubMed

Little research has been done in optimizing the nitrogenous fraction of the fish diets in order to minimize welfare problems. The purpose of this review is to give an overview on how amino acid (AA) metabolism may be affected when fish are under stress and the possible effects on fish welfare when sub-optimal dietary nitrogen formulations are used to feed fish. In addition, it intends to evaluate the current possibilities, and future prospects, of using improved dietary nitrogen formulations to help fish coping with predictable stressful periods. Both metabolomic and genomic evidence show that stressful husbandry conditions affect AA metabolism in fish and may bring an increase in the requirement of indispensable AA. Supplementation in arginine and leucine, but also eventually in lysine, methionine, threonine and glutamine, may have an important role in enhancing the innate immune system. Tryptophan, as precursor for serotonin, modulates aggressive behaviour and feed intake in fish. Bioactive peptides may bring important advances in immunocompetence, disease control and other aspects of welfare of cultured fish. Fishmeal replacement may reduce immune competence, and the full nutritional potential of plant-protein ingredients is attained only after the removal or inactivation of some antinutritional factors. This review shows that AA metabolism is affected when fish are under stress, and this together with sub-optimal dietary nitrogen formulations may affect fish welfare. Furthermore, improved dietary nitrogen formulations may help fish coping with predictable stressful events. PMID:22212981

Conceição, Luis E C; Aragão, Cláudia; Dias, Jorge; Costas, Benjamín; Terova, Genciana; Martins, Catarina; Tort, Lluis

2012-01-03

408

Developmental Disabilities and Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph addresses common misconceptions about developmental disabilities, describes the conditions that child welfare workers are most likely to see, provides examples of effective interventions, and stresses the importance of early intervention to promote healthy development. Specific chapters include: (1) "Understanding Developmental…

Rycus, Judith S.; Hughes, Ronald C.

409

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

410

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue as there is little empirical evidence for its positive effects on economic growth. However, we find sizable welfare gains, 1 to 28 percent of permanent consumption though, consistent with the literature, the gain in the economic growth is ambiguous, -0.2 to 0.7 percent. We apply a canonical growth model with endogenous financial deepening

Robert M. Townsend; Kenichi Ueda

2007-01-01

411

Welfare Dynamics under Time Limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the most important changes brought about by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is the imposition of time limits. In this paper, we analyze a simple model in which a potential welfare recipient chooses how to allocate her time-limited endowment of benefits so as to maximize her expected lifetime utility. Not surprisingly, the model

Jeff Grogger; Charles Michalopoulos

2000-01-01

412

Welfare Dynamics Under Time Limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the most important changes brought about by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is the imposition of time limits. In this paper, we analyze a simple model in which a potential welfare recipient chooses how to allocate her time-limited endowment of benefits so as to maximize her expected lifetime utility. Not surprisingly, the model

Jeffrey Grogger; Charles Michalopoulos

1999-01-01

413

Literacy, Welfare & Work: Preliminary Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between literacy, welfare, and work was examined in an exploratory study that included a literature review and focus group interviews with a total of 17 literacy instructors and 10 literacy students from two locations in Manitoba: Winnipeg and Brandon with the rural area surrounding it. Particular attention was paid to the…

Smith, Janet

414

Popular paradigms and welfare values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on the results of a recently completed ESRC research project, this article advances three principal arguments. First, unprecedented social polarization in Britain and other liberal democracies in the last quarter of the 20th century now constitute poverty and wealth as socially constructed forms of exclusion from the realm of 'ordinary' citizenship. Second, that as the welfare state gives way

Hartley Dean

1998-01-01

415

Network Effects and Welfare Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically examines the role of social networks in welfare participation. Social theorists from across the political spectrum have argued that network effects have given rise to a culture of poverty. Empirical work, however, has found it difficult to distinguish the effect of networks from unobservable characteristics of individuals and areas. We use data on language spoken to better

Marianne Bertrand; Erzo F. P. Luttmer; Sendhil Mullainathan

1998-01-01

416

Network Effects and Welfare Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically examines the role of social networks in welfare participation. Social theorists from across the political spectrum have argued that network effects have given rise to a culture of poverty. Empirical work, however, has found it difficult to distinguish the effect of networks from unobservable characteristics of individuals and areas. We use data on language spoken to better

Marianne Bertrand; Erzo F. P. Luttmer; Sendhil Mullainathan

1999-01-01

417

Data Mining in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the historical and larger context of data mining and describes data mining processes, techniques, and tools. Illustrates these using a child welfare dataset concerning the employee turnover that is mined, using logistic regression and a Bayesian neural network. Discusses the data mining process, the resulting models, their predictive…

Schoech, Dick; Quinn, Andrew; Rycraft, Joan R.

2000-01-01

418

78 FR 29371 - Informational Meeting Concerning Compliance With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Import Permit...AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department...SUMMARY: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department...regulations for infectious biological agents, standards, and...

2013-05-20

419

76 FR 17149 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request for North American Reporting Center for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request for North American Reporting Center for Amphibian...requirements for the USGS North American Reporting Center for Amphibian...other Federal agencies an opportunity to comment on the paperwork...which manages the North American Reporting Center for...

2011-03-28

420

A Walk-Up-and-Use Information System for the Sydney Olympics: A Case Study in User-Centered Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The info information retrieval system was designed and developed for the XXVII Olym- pic Summer Games held in Sydney, Australia in September 2000. info provided journal- ists and broadcasters with information for planning their days at the games and produc- ing their coverage of Olympic events. The user-centered design (UCD) team from the IBM Storage Systems Group was invited to

Vivian Healy; Richard Herder

2002-01-01

421

Health information technology capacity at federally qualified health centers: a mechanism for improving quality of care  

PubMed Central

Background The adoption of health information technology has been recommended as a viable mechanism for improving quality of care and patient health outcomes. However, the capacity of health information technology (i.e., availability and use of multiple and advanced functionalities), particularly in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) on improving quality of care is not well understood. We examined associations between health information technology (HIT) capacity at FQHCs and quality of care, measured by the receipt of discharge summary, frequency of patients receiving reminders/notifications for preventive care/follow-up care, and timely appointment for specialty care. Methods The analyses used 2009 data from the National Survey of Federally Qualified Health Centers. The study included 776 of the FQHCs that participated in the survey. We examined the extent of HIT use and tested the hypothesis that level of HIT capacity is associated with quality of care. Multivariable logistic regressions, reporting unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios, were used to examine whether ‘FQHCs’ HIT capacity’ is associated with the outcome measures. Results The results showed a positive association between health information technology capacity and quality of care. FQHCs with higher HIT capacity were significantly more likely to have improved quality of care, measured by the receipt of discharge summaries (OR=1.43; CI=1.01, 2.40), the use of a patient notification system for preventive and follow-up care (OR=1.74; CI=1.23, 2.45), and timely appointment for specialty care (OR=1.77; CI=1.24, 2.53). Conclusions Our findings highlight the promise of HIT in improving quality of care, particularly for vulnerable populations who seek care at FQHCs. The results also show that FQHCs may not be maximizing the benefits of HIT. Efforts to implement HIT must include strategies that facilitate the implementation of comprehensive and advanced functionalities, as well as promote meaningful use of these systems. Further examination of the role of health information systems in clinical decision-making and improvements in patient outcomes are needed to better understand the benefits of HIT in improving overall quality of care.

2013-01-01

422

Long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center: Information for base realignment  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes and discusses the results obtained during 1992 from the study of long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center (YTC), which Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted for the US Department of the Army. This study was initiated to provide basic ecological information on YTC long-billed curlews (Numenius americanus). The long-billed curlew is a relatively common spring and summer resident on the YTC. However, other than casual observations, very little is known about the distribution, density, reproductive success, and habitat requirements for this species on the YTC. Until recently the long-billed curlew was a US Fish and Wildlife Service candidate for listing as threatened or endangered; however, on November 21, 1991 it was down-listed to Class IIIc. The Washington Department of Wildlife lists the long-billed curlew as a ``species of special concern.`` Specific objectives of this study were to (1) locate nesting areas, (2) locate brood-rearing areas, (3) evaluate habitat requirements, (4) determine diet, (5) evaluate response to troop activities, (6) evaluate the impact of livestock grazing, (7) estimate the population size, and (8) estimate recruitment rates. Six curlews (four females and two males) were captured and fitted with radio transmitters. These birds were relocated to obtain nesting, habitat use, and feeding information. Road surveys conducted over most of the YTC provided information on the bird`s general distribution, habitat requirements, and nesting and brood-rearing areas.

Hand, K.D.; Cadwell, L.L.; Eberhardt, L.E.

1994-02-01

423

User-centered requirements engineering in health information systems: a study in the hemophilia field.  

PubMed

The use of sophisticated information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the health care domain is a way to improve the quality of services. However, there are also hazards associated with the introduction of ICTs in this domain and a great number of projects have failed due to the lack of systematic consideration of human and other non-technology issues throughout the design or implementation process, particularly in the requirements engineering process. This paper presents the methodological approach followed in the design process of a web-based information system (WbIS) for managing the clinical information in hemophilia care, which integrates the values and practices of user-centered design (UCD) activities into the principles of software engineering, particularly in the phase of requirements engineering (RE). This process followed a paradigm that combines a grounded theory for data collection with an evolutionary design based on constant development and refinement of the generic domain model using three well-known methodological approaches: (a) object-oriented system analysis; (b) task analysis; and, (c) prototyping, in a triangulation work. This approach seems to be a good solution for the requirements engineering process in this particular case of the health care domain, since the inherent weaknesses of individual methods are reduced, and emergent requirements are easier to elicit. Moreover, the requirements triangulation matrix gives the opportunity to look across the results of all used methods and decide what requirements are critical for the system success. PMID:21075471

Teixeira, Leonor; Ferreira, Carlos; Santos, Beatriz Sousa

2010-11-13

424

THE RADIATION SAFETY INFORMATION COMPUTATIONAL CENTER (RSICC) - A RESOURCE FOR COMPUTATIONAL TOOLS FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC), which has been in existence since 1963, is the principal source and repository in the United States for computational tools for nuclear applications. RSICC collects, organizes, evaluates and distributes nuclear software and data involving the transport of neutral and charged particle radiation, and shielding and protection from radiation associated with: nuclear weapons and materials, fission and fusion reactors, outer space, accelerators, medical facilities, and nuclear waste. RSICC serves over 12,000 scientists and engineers from 94 countries. RSICC software provides in-depth coverage of radiation related topics: the physics of the interaction of radiation with matter, radiation production and sources, criticality safety, radiation protection and shielding, radiation detectors and measurements, shielding materials properties, radiation waste management, atmospheric dispersion and environmental dose, medical applications, macro- and micro-dosimetry calculations.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL

2009-01-01

425

National Center for Biotechnology Information: HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, a collaborative project between the between the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, the Southern Research Institute, and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). The project is "designed to compile a comprehensive database of the described interactions between HIV-1 and cellular proteins. The goal of this project is to provide scientists in the field of HIV / AIDS research a concise, yet detailed, summary of all known interactions of HIV-1 proteins with host cell proteins, other HIV-1 proteins, or proteins from disease organisms associated with HIV/AIDS." The website links to Project Data including Reports, HIV-1 Data, and PubMed Queries. Links are also available for several NCBI resources including LocusLink, Retroviruses, HIV Genotyping, and Gene. The site invites feedback from the scientific community and provides an electronic submission form for updates.

426

Mechanization Study of the Aerospace Materials Information Center (Including Ceramics and Graphites Technical Info Center), Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By use of the IBM 7094, the Materials Laboratory performs searches and produces the KWIC index section of the 'Materials Information Bulletin.' Under contract to the Materials Laboratory, thesaurus maintenance, keyword index printing, and data-base updati...

G. A. Kershaw D. Crowder J. E. Davis E. G. Loges E. Merendini

1966-01-01

427

Behavioural indicators of welfare in farmed fish.  

PubMed

Behaviour represents a reaction to the environment as fish perceive it and is therefore a key element of fish welfare. This review summarises the main findings on how behavioural changes have been used to assess welfare in farmed fish, using both functional and feeling-based approaches. Changes in foraging behaviour, ventilatory activity, aggression, individual and group swimming behaviour, stereotypic and abnormal behaviour have been linked with acute and chronic stressors in aquaculture and can therefore be regarded as likely indicators of poor welfare. On the contrary, measurements of exploratory behaviour, feed anticipatory activity and reward-related operant behaviour are beginning to be considered as indicators of positive emotions and welfare in fish. Despite the lack of scientific agreement about the existence of sentience in fish, the possibility that they are capable of both positive and negative emotions may contribute to the development of new strategies (e.g. environmental enrichment) to promote good welfare. Numerous studies that use behavioural indicators of welfare show that behavioural changes can be interpreted as either good or poor welfare depending on the fish species. It is therefore essential to understand the species-specific biology before drawing any conclusions in relation to welfare. In addition, different individuals within the same species may exhibit divergent coping strategies towards stressors, and what is tolerated by some individuals may be detrimental to others. Therefore, the assessment of welfare in a few individuals may not represent the average welfare of a group and vice versa. This underlines the need to develop on-farm, operational behavioural welfare indicators that can be easily used to assess not only the individual welfare but also the welfare of the whole group (e.g. spatial distribution). With the ongoing development of video technology and image processing, the on-farm surveillance of behaviour may in the near future represent a low-cost, noninvasive tool to assess the welfare of farmed fish. PMID:21796377

Martins, Catarina I M; Galhardo, Leonor; Noble, Chris; Damsgård, Børge; Spedicato, Maria T; Zupa, Walter; Beauchaud, Marilyn; Kulczykowska, Ewa; Massabuau, Jean-Charles; Carter, Toby; Planellas, Sònia Rey; Kristiansen, Tore

2011-07-28

428

Role of health information technologies in the patient-centered medical home.  

PubMed

A national effort to reform primary care, known as the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH), requires fulfillment of six standards determined by the National Committee for Quality Assurance to (1) enhance access and continuity, (2) identify and manage patient populations, (3) plan and manage care, (4) provide self-care and community support, (5) track and coordinate care, and (6) measure and improve performance. Information technologies play a vital role in the support of most, if not all, of these standards. However, given the newness of the PCMH, little is known on how health information technologies (HITs) have been employed to accomplish these objectives. This article will review the role of HITs, including electronic health records, web-based patient portals, telemedicine, and patient registries, with a focus on diabetes care, and how these technologies have been engaged in the establishment of the PCMH. In addition, we will discuss the benefits and potential risks and barriers to employing these technologies, including privacy and security concerns, as well as describe next steps for future work in this important area. PMID:24124967

Kraschnewski, Jennifer L; Gabbay, Robert A

2013-09-01

429

The need for a drug abuse documentation center in India.  

PubMed Central

The problems of alcoholism and drug addiction are major concerns in India. Alcohol and drugs were used in the past to obtain relief from pain and misery and to attain a state of forgetfulness. India is presently facing the problem of increased trafficking in drugs; heroin and hashish are supplied to the west through the subcontinent. Addiction has become a major problem in metropolitan centers. The Ministry of Welfare is responsible for drug abuse prevention programs and the rehabilitation of addicts. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is concerned with drug treatment. A deaddiction center, established at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, became operational in 1988; it is responsible for health manpower training, research, and documentation. India has witnessed an exponential growth in the literature on drug abuse; it is no longer possible for a single library to acquire all of the international literature. There is a clear need to establish a drug abuse information center in India. This paper describes the aims, objectives, and planning for such a center and recommends the establishment of a national center in New Delhi with regional centers in other geographic areas. Images

Kumar, R P

1990-01-01

430

Welfare Dynamics under Time Limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the most important changes brought about by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 are time limits, which provide consumers with an incentive to conserve their welfare benefits for future use. Among forward-looking, expected-utility-maximizing consumers who face liquidity constraints and earnings uncertainty, economic theory predicts that the incentive to conserve should be strongest among families with

Jeffrey Grogger; Charles Michalopoulos

2003-01-01

431

Welfare effects of illegal immigration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the welfare effect of illegal immigration on the host country within a dynamic general equilibrium framework\\u000a and shows that it is positive for two reasons. First, immigrants are paid less than their marginal product, and second, after\\u000a an increase in immigration, domestic households find it optimal to increase their holdings of capital. It is also shown that

Theodore Palivos

2009-01-01

432

Visiatome: The French Discovery and Information Center on Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

The French radioactive waste management act of December 30, 1991, included two key provisions. It initiated a major research program with three areas of investigation concerning high-level long-lived radioactive waste management routes, and called for the Government to submit a legislative proposal to Parliament within 15 years (by 2006) specifying the policy guidelines adopted. Considering the sensitive nature of the subject, the questions surrounding the issue of radioactive waste, and the social, economic and environmental concerns for present and future generations, the Government has inaugurated, in 2005, a nationwide public debate on these issues between the submittal of the research reports and the parliamentary discussion of the proposed law. In this context, the CEA has decided to concentrate at Marcoule the expertise and experience acquired in the area of radioactive waste management and to make it available to stakeholders and to the public. A scientific cultural center, Visiatome, has been built to inform the public and facilitate the acceptance of nuclear energy and radioactive waste management by presenting the subject in a manner adapted to the level of knowledge of the visitors. A modern, fun and interactive exhibition of 600 m{sup 2} allows visitors to find out more about energy, waste products, sources of radioactive waste, their treatment and where they are stored, natural and artificial radioactivity, effects of radiation on mankind. It also offers a media library, an auditorium for group discussions and teaching rooms for school groups with the aim of encouraging students to discover science through enjoyment. Visiatome has received several thousand visitors since it was opened to the public on April 10, 2005, and the initial results of this experience can now be reviewed: the design principles of the center and its permanent exhibits, the characteristics of the visitors and their perception of the subjects presented. (authors)

Brunel, G.; Rabbe, C.; Moncouyoux, J.P. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA-Valrho), DEN/CECER, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze Cedex (France)

2006-07-01

433

Day Care Center Enrichment Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to a West Virginia Department of Welfare project for upgrading the quality of day care centers throughout the state presents samples of the forms used in the program, accompanied by a brief description of the program's format, requirements and procedures. The Day Care Center Enrichment Program provides a monetary incentive for…

West Virginia State Dept. of Welfare, Charleston.

434

Day Care Center Enrichment Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to a West Virginia Department of Welfare project for upgrading the quality of day care centers throughout the state presents samples of the forms used in the program, accompanied by a brief description of the program's format, requirements and procedures. The Day Care Center Enrichment Program provides a monetary incentive for…

West Virginia State Dept. of Welfare, Charleston.

435

State Welfare Waiver Evaluations: Will They Increase Our Understanding of the Impact of Welfare Reform on Children? Working Paper and Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As of June 1995, the federal government had granted to 28 states waivers from current federal laws and regulations, allowing states to test a wide range of welfare reform approaches. This study, conducted by the National Center for Children in Poverty, examined the evaluation plans of 21 waiver experiments in 17 states, focusing on the impact of…

Collins, Ann; Aber, J. Lawrence; Bernard, Stanley N.

436

Glossary Term Detail : Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare and Animal Welfare Assurance  

Cancer.gov

Skip navigation.. Extramural Glossary Advanced Search Quick Nav: Terms Terms (PDF Format) Acronyms Help About Contact Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare and Animal Welfare Assurance NIH office overseeing compliance with the PHS Policy on Humane

437

Survey of Social Welfare Personnel in Public and Private Social Welfare Organizations in Kentucky.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire on present and future recruitment and staffing patterns in 142 social welfare organizations indicated that public agencies employed more Master of Social Work degree holders than private agencies, that both types had more non-social welfar...

D. McClure

1971-01-01

438

Substance abuse and employment among welfare mothers: from welfare to work and back again?  

PubMed

We have very little research on how substance use impacts employment among welfare mothers. But welfare reform's emphasis on moving aid recipients into the workforce has brought this issue to the fore. Using Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression in a longitudinal study of California welfare mothers in 2001-2003, we examine how substance use impacts the ability to move from welfare to work and to remain economically independent after welfare. While education, work history, and family size consistently predict transitions from welfare to work and back again, substance use-related problems consistently do not. However, the jobs obtained by welfare mothers are short-term and poorly paid regardless of whether they misuse alcohol or use drugs. We argue that, if all that is open to welfare mothers are short-lived work assignments, substance use may have little time to impact job retention. Limitations of the study are noted. PMID:17668326

Schmidt, Laura; Zabkiewicz, Denise; Jacobs, Laurie; Wiley, Jim

2007-01-01

439

66 FR 11172 - Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center for Veterinary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center...industry (#108) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center...to submit information to CVM as an e-mail attachment by Internet. These...

2001-02-22

440

Fallacies of Welfare-to-Work Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

One main effort of welfare reform is to replace public assistance with earnings. To date, politicians and welfare reform advocates have applauded the efforts and claimed success. However, lurking at the surface of welfare-to-work policies are serious problems and structural impediments. Lack of jobs, low pay, job-readiness, and difficulties in securing ancillary supports like transportation and child care are obvious

Randy Albelda

2001-01-01

441

Terrorism in the Worlds of Welfare Capitalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution investigates the link between welfare policies and domestic terrorism for 15 Western European countries during 1984-2003. We argue that welfare policies improve national socio-economic conditions and thus increase the opportunity costs of terrorism. We investigate whether spending in certain policy fields translates into a reduction of terrorism, and whether certain worlds of welfare capitalism [Esping-Andersen (1990)] are more

Tim Krieger; Daniel Meierrieks

2009-01-01

442

Terrorism in the Worlds of Welfare Capitalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution investigates the link between welfare policies and do- mestic terrorism for 15 Western European countries during 1984-2003. We argue that welfare policies improve national socio-economic condi- tions and thus increase the opportunity costs of terrorism. We investigate whether spending in certain policy …elds translates into a reduction of ter- rorism, and whether certain worlds of welfare capitalism (Esping-Andersen

Tim KriegerDaniel Meierrieksy

443

Welfare Issues Associated with Ratite Husbandry Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines some of the methods being used to assess welfare in ratites, identifies the welfare issues associated\\u000a with declawing and highlights concerns with stockperson skills and brooder house management. Partial amputation of the toes\\u000a of ratites has welfare implications. It causes ratites acute pain; they become flatfooted and change their gait and they can\\u000a slip and fall over

P. C. Glatz

444

Effects of Welfare Participation on Marriage  

PubMed Central

We investigate the widely held premise that welfare participation causes women to refrain from marriage. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study (N = 3,219), we employ an event history approach to study transitions to marriage among mothers who have had a non-marital birth. We find that welfare participation reduces the likelihood of transitioning to marriage (hazard ratio is .67, p < .01), but only while the mother is receiving benefits. Once the mother leaves welfare, past receipt has little effect on marriage. We infer that the negative association between welfare participation and subsequent marriage reflects temporary economic disincentives rather than an erosion of values.

Teitler, Julien O.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2011-01-01

445

Current state of information technologies for the clinical research enterprise across academic medical centers.  

PubMed

Information technology (IT) to support clinical research has steadily grown over the past 10 years. Many new applications at the enterprise level are available to assist with the numerous tasks necessary in performing clinical research. However, it is not clear how rapidly this technology is being adopted or whether it is making an impact upon how clinical research is being performed. The Clinical Research Forum's IT Roundtable performed a survey of 17 representative academic medical centers (AMCs) to understand the adoption rate and implementation strategies within this field. The results were compared with similar surveys from 4 and 6 years ago. We found the adoption rate for four prominent areas of IT-supported clinical research had increased remarkably, specifically regulatory compliance, electronic data capture for clinical trials, data repositories for secondary use of clinical data, and infrastructure for supporting collaboration. Adoption of other areas of clinical research IT was more irregular with wider differences between AMCs. These differences appeared to be partially due to a set of openly available applications that have emerged to occupy an important place in the landscape of clinical research enterprise-level support at AMC's. PMID:22686207

Murphy, Shawn N; Dubey, Anil; Embi, Peter J; Harris, Paul A; Richter, Brent G; Turisco, Fran; Weber, Griffin M; Tcheng, James E; Keogh, Diane

2012-02-23

446

Public Welfare and Work Incentives: Theory and Practice. Studies in Public Welfare. Paper No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chart book summarizes two volumes in the subcommittee's series, "Studies in Public Welfare." Paper No. 4 (Dec. 22, 1972) explored work incentive and disincentive features in existing and proposed public welfare programs (cash welfare, unemployment insurance, social security, veterans' benefits, food stamps, public housing, and medicaid).…

Burke, Vee; Townsend, Alair A.

447

Three worlds of educational welfare states? A comparative study of higher education systems across welfare states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although education is generally considered to be an important part of the welfare state, it is largely absent in the comparative welfare state literature. This article tries to fill this void by applying the central concepts of welfare state analysis of decommodification and stratification, as proposed by Esping-Andersen, to the field of higher education. The article tests whether there are

Nienke Willemse; Paul de Beer

2012-01-01

448

Immigrant Assimilation And Welfare Participation: Do Immigrants Assimilate Into Or Out Of Welfare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses differences in welfare utilization between immigrants and natives in Sweden using a large panel data set, LINDA, for the years 1990 to 1996. Both welfare expenditures and immigration increased substantially in Sweden in the 1990's. We find that immigrants use welfare to a greater extent than natives and that non-refugee immigrants utilize social assistance less than refugee

Jörgen Hansen; Magnus Löfström

2000-01-01

449

Client Evaluation of Three Welfare ProgramsA Comparison of Three Welfare Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three welfare programs—Social Security, Public Welfare, and Unemployment Compensation—are compared with respect to client evaluations of services received. To structure this comparison, an independent variable of administrative program is derived from three components, namely, climate, technology, and clientele. Data on client evaluation are obtained from exit interviews of clients as they leave welfare offices. A hypothesized order of client satisfaction

Charles T. Goodsell

1980-01-01

450

The Perceptions of Welfare Reform by Michigan Families Whose Children Have Disabilities and Welfare Caseworkers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines family and caseworker perceptions of welfare reform and services as they relate to families who have a child with a disability. Interviews were conducted with 39 families and 77 caseworkers. Family questions addressed their perceptions of the welfare system, factors impacting their self-sufficiency, and their perceptions of needed program changes. Caseworker questions addressed their perceptions of welfare

Barbara W. Leroy; Donna M. Johnson; Nathaniel Israel

2004-01-01

451

Images of Welfare in Law and Society: The British Welfare State in Comparative Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designed by Beveridge and built by Attlee's post?war Labour government, the welfare state was created during the 1940s. Britain has been seen – in domestic debates and internationally – as a world first: the place where both the idea and the practice of the welfare state were invented. I draw together comparative welfare state analysis with law and society scholarship

Daniel Wincott

2011-01-01

452

Human factors review of electric power dispatch control centers. Volume 3. Operator information needs summary. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human factors is a systems-oriented interdisciplinary specialty concerned with the design of systems, equipment, facilities and the operational environment. An important aspect leading to the design requirements is the determination of the information requirements for electric power dispatch control centers. There are significant differences between the system operator's actions during normal and degraded states of power system operation, and power

R. J. Miller; K. Najaf-Zadeh; H. T. Darlington; H. D. McNair; S. Seidenstein; A. R. Williams

1982-01-01

453

User-Centered Design of a Web Site for Library and Information Science Students: Heuristic Evaluation and Usability Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the life cycle of a library Web site created with a user-centered design process to serve a graduate school of library and information science (LIS). Findings based on a heuristic evaluation and usability study were applied in an iterative redesign of the site to better serve the needs of this special academic library population. Recommendations for design

Laura Manzari; Jeremiah Trinidad-Christensen

454

Design of a Model Management Information System (MIS) for California's Regional Occupational Centers and Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The management information system (MIS) development project for California's Regional Occupational Centers and Programs (ROC/Ps) was conducted in 3 phases over a 12-month period. Phase I involved a literature review and field study to match MIS design features and development strategy with existing conditions in ROC/Ps. A decision support system…

Dick, James C.; And Others

455

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Chemical Testing for Decision-Support: How to Include Animal Welfare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Toxicity testing for regulatory purposes raises the question of test selection for a particular endpoint. Given the public's concern for animal welfare, test selection is a multi-objective decision problem that requires balancing information outcome, animal welfare loss, and monetary testing costs. This paper demonstrates the applicability of cost-effectiveness analysis as a decision-support tool for test selection in a regulatory context

Silke Gabbert; Ekko C. van Ierland

2010-01-01

456

Failing to Make Ends Meet: Dubious Financial Success Among Employed Former Welfare to Work Program Participants  

Microsoft Academic Search

To many, declining caseloads and increased labor market entry substantiate welfare reform’s success. This study examines how\\u000a Louisiana welfare to work program participants who succeeded by leaving assistance and obtaining employment are making ends meet, if their needs are met and which characteristics are\\u000a associated with having their needs met. Telephone survey data reveal low wages, informal labor market activity,

Michelle LivermoreRebecca; Rebecca S. Powers; Belinda Creel Davis; Younghee Lim

2011-01-01

457

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization.  

PubMed

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue, as empirical evidence for growth enhancing effects is mixed. Here, we find sizable welfare gains from liberalization (cost to repression), though the gain in economic growth is ambiguous. We take the view that financial liberalization is a government policy that alters the path of financial deepening, while financial deepening is endogenously chosen by agents given a policy and occurs in transition towards a distant steady state. This history-dependent view necessitates the use of simulation analysis based on a growth model. Our application is a specific episode: Thailand from 1976 to 1996. PMID:20806055

Townsend, Robert M; Ueda, Kenichi

2010-08-01

458

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization  

PubMed Central

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue, as empirical evidence for growth enhancing effects is mixed. Here, we find sizable welfare gains from liberalization (cost to repression), though the gain in economic growth is ambiguous. We take the view that financial liberalization is a government policy that alters the path of financial deepening, while financial deepening is endogenously chosen by agents given a policy and occurs in transition towards a distant steady state. This history-dependent view necessitates the use of simulation analysis based on a growth model. Our application is a specific episode: Thailand from 1976 to 1996.

Townsend, Robert M.; Ueda, Kenichi

2010-01-01

459

[Quality management in animal welfare].  

PubMed

In the EC since Jan. 1st 2006 the Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 requires also in the field of animal welfare uniform official controls of a consistently high quality on the basis of documented procedures. Rised demands for the administration necessitate nowadays an all-embracing conception and controlling of the system. Therefore the land of Lower Saxony developed an uniform process-oriented conception for all involved official authorities based on ISO 9001 (EQUINO -Uniform Quality Management in Official Organisations for Consumer Protection in Lower Saxony) and implemented it including a system of internal audits. PMID:17484501

Stehr, D; Baumgarte, J

2007-04-01

460

Proposal and Justification to Establish a Department of Defense Crew Systems Ergonomics Information Analysis Center (CSERIAC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current CSE information sources are inadequate to the need. Major problems include difficulty in maintaining awareness of available CSE information, nonspecificity of information, the needed information does not exist, poor quality, and delays in obtainin...

R. T. Hennessy M. E. McCauley

1986-01-01

461

The Impact of HIV on Children´s Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children living in HIV\\/AIDS affected households bear the heaviest burden of the epidemic. Besides direct vertical transmission, HIV\\/ AIDS potentially worsens the children’s welfare indirectly through its socio-economic impact. This paper uses household survey data including information about individual HIV infection status to analyze the direct and indirect effects of HIV-infected household members on child mortality, undernutrition and educational attainment

Kenneth Harttgen

2007-01-01

462

Improving child welfare through a children’s ombudsman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This report examines the changes in a child welfare system created by establishing an ombudsman’s office to investigate complaints regarding children in the foster care, adoption, and child protection systems.Method: Serving as a complaint office, the Michigan Office of Children’s Ombudsman investigated 443 cases involving 820 children during its first 18 months of operation. Information was collected regarding the

Richard S Bearup; Vincent J Palusci

1999-01-01

463

43 CFR 17.250 - Health, welfare, and social services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...250 Health, welfare, and social services. This subpart applies...health, welfare, and other social service programs or activities...health, welfare, or other social services or benefits, a recipient...of providing emergency health care. (d) Auxiliary...

2012-10-01

464

43 CFR 17.250 - Health, welfare, and social services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...250 Health, welfare, and social services. This subpart applies...health, welfare, and other social service programs or activities...health, welfare, or other social services or benefits, a recipient...of providing emergency health care. (d) Auxiliary...

2011-10-01

465

42 CFR 86.33 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.33...Traineeships § 86.33 Human subjects; animal welfare. Where...to the protection of human subjects; and ...2 068 concerning animal welfare. 2...

2010-10-01

466

42 CFR 86.33 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.33...Traineeships § 86.33 Human subjects; animal welfare. Where...to the protection of human subjects; and ...2 068 concerning animal welfare. 2...

2009-10-01

467

42 CFR 86.19 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.19...Grants § 86.19 Human subjects; animal welfare. No grant...to the protection of human subjects; and ...Manual 2 concerning animal welfare. 2...

2009-10-01

468

42 CFR 86.19 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.19...Grants § 86.19 Human subjects; animal welfare. No grant...to the protection of human subjects; and ...Manual 2 concerning animal welfare. 2...

2010-10-01

469

A history of animal welfare science.  

PubMed

Human attitudes to animals have changed as non-humans have become more widely incorporated in the category of moral agents who deserve some respect. Parallels between the functioning of humans and non-humans have been made for thousands of years but the idea that the animals that we keep can suffer has spread recently. An improved understanding of motivation, cognition and the complexity of social behaviour in animals has led in the last 30 years to the rapid development of animal welfare science. Early attempts to define welfare referred to individuals being in harmony with nature but the first usable definition incorporated feelings and health as part of attempts to cope with the environment. Others considered that welfare is only about feelings but it is argued that as feelings are mechanisms that have evolved they are a part of welfare rather than all of it. Most reviews of welfare now start with listing the needs of the animal, including needs to show certain behaviours. This approach has used sophisticated studies of what is important to animals and has replaced the earlier general guidelines described as freedoms. Many measures of welfare are now used and indicate how good or how poor the welfare is. Naturalness is not a part of the definition of welfare but explains why some needs exist. In recent years, welfare has become established as one of various criteria used to decide on whether a system is sustainable because members of the public will not accept systems that cause poor welfare. The study of welfare has become part of the scientific basis upon which important political decisions are made. PMID:21347723

Broom, Donald M

2011-02-24

470

Human-factors review of electric-power-dispatch control centers. Volume 6. Information management and presentation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The application of human-factors disciplines to electric-utility control-center operations can minimize human-engineering deficiencies. After detailed examination of the information the operator requires, certain criteria emerge: more data must be converted into meaningful information, information must be easily comprehended by operators, and operating states or conditions and time domains should be considered. Information presentation is examined considering human factors guidelines for CRT information presentation including information access, display parameters, display formatting, single-line displays, group displays, tabular displays, bar graph displays, trend displays, windowing, CRT image transformations and audible alarms. Presently available technology and hardware devices such as mapboards, CRT monitors, display generators, keyboards, cursor control devices, hardcopy printers, and telephone systems were analyzed to identify their benefits and restrictions. Near future technologies related to CRT display tubes, flat panel displays, projection or large screen systems, voice recognition, and voice synthesis were also analyzed for potential application to system modification or new design.

Miller, R.J.; Najaf-Zadeh, K.; Darlington, H.T.; McNair, H.D.

1983-03-01

471

Coverage of Team Science by Public Information Officers: Content Analysis of Press Releases about the National Science Foundation Science and Technology Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the content of press releases from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Centers (STCs) to determine how public information officers (PIOs) presented the outcomes of centers to journalists and the public. A total of 68 press releases were analyzed for type of news covered, visibility of centers and their…

Graube, Marita; Clark, Fiona; Illman, Deborah L.

2010-01-01

472

Coverage of Team Science by Public Information Officers: Content Analysis of Press Releases about the National Science Foundation Science and Technology Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the content of press releases from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Centers (STCs) to determine how public information officers (PIOs) presented the outcomes of centers to journalists and the public. A total of 68 press releases were analyzed for type of news covered, visibility of centers and their…

Graube, Marita; Clark, Fiona; Illman, Deborah L.

2010-01-01

473

Welfare economics analysis of Chinese civil affairs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Welfare Economics method can be used in the comparative analysis of the civil affairs before and after economic reforms. China is entering the new start point of economic reform. In the viewpoint of welfare economics, Chinese civil affairs have the following properties: accomplish the basic target of \\

Zhiying Liu

2011-01-01

474

Unemployment, Health and Welfare During the Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Were cash benefits and welfare services available to the unemployed sufficient to protect them from ill-health? Recent reappraisals have tended to magnify the influence of welfare provision. The present review draws on hitherto unexploited, confidential reports of the Ministry of Health and Board of Education, to point out that expert witnesses were increasingly concerned that unemployment relief and social services

Charles Webster

1985-01-01

475

Effects of Welfare Participation on Marriage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated the widely held premise that welfare participation causes women to refrain from marriage. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,219), we employed an event history approach to study transitions to marriage among mothers who have had a nonmarital birth. We found that welfare participation reduces the…

Teitler, Julien O.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2009-01-01

476

Indian Child Welfare: A Multicultural Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports descriptive characteristics of American Indian child welfare programs organized to deal with new tribal responsibilities under the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978. Develops a profile of tribal program administrators based on 121 survey responses. Offers policy recommendations in areas of tribal politics, government policies and funding…

Wares, Dale M.; And Others

1994-01-01

477

The Indian Child Welfare Act: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides historical background on federal policies related to Indian family rights and child welfare and on legislation leading up to the Indian Child Welfare Act. Interprets the act with regard to jurisdiction and standards for child placement for foster care and adoption. Discusses federal funding of the act and monitoring of state compliance.…

Garner, Suzanne

1993-01-01

478

Finding Jobs: Work and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 13 papers on labor market and welfare reform, with special emphasis on the demand for low-wage workers, wages and job characteristics in the less skilled labor market, public politics to increase employment and earnings of less skilled workers, and the impact of welfare reform. The following papers are included: "The Labor…

Card, David E., Ed.; Blank, Rebecca M., Ed.

479

Chemically exposed children: The child welfare response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child Welfare Agencies, especially in urban areas, are confronted with multiple problems as they attempt to deal with the complex needs of chemically dependent families. Maternal chemical use places children at an elevated risk of placement and other negative events. This article critiques research on incidence and consequence of maternal chemical use and suggests strategies Child Welfare Agencies can employ

Nora S. Gustavsson

1991-01-01

480

Self-rated economic welfare in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of those Russian adults who feel that they are poor are not classified as such in the poverty statistics, and most of those who are classified as poor don't feel that way. We study the determinants of peoples’ perceptions of their economic welfare in an unusually rich socioeconomic survey. While income is a highly significant predictor, subjective economic welfare

Martin Ravallion; Michael Lokshin

2002-01-01

481

Questionnaire assessment of the welfare of pigs.  

PubMed

A questionnaire study was performed involving 76 farms with a total of 380,207 pigs to assess the welfare of pigs kept in Hungary based on the animal welfare legislation of the European Union. Most significant deficiencies were found in the fulfillment of the provisions relating to space requirements, the stall microclimate and the behavioural needs of the animals. PMID:11402682

Horváth, G; Visnyei, L

2001-01-01

482

Welfare Reforms, Family Resources, and Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of welfare reforms on several measures of child maltreatment. The authors use state-level data from 1990 to 1998 to examine whether recent welfare reforms have increased or reduced the incidence of reported and substantiated cases of maltreatment, the incidence of specific types of substantiated…

Paxson, Christina; Waldfogel, Jane

2003-01-01

483

Bioethical Problems: Animal Welfare, Animal Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses various bioethical issues and problems related to animal welfare and animal rights. Areas examined include: Aristotelian views; animal welfare legislation; Darwin and evolutionary theory; animal and human behavior; and vegetarianism. A 14-point universal declaration of the rights of animals is included. (JN)|

March, B. E.

1984-01-01

484

Post-secondary Education under Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past, post-secondary education has been an option for welfare recipients wishing to increase their earning power. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) shifted federal policy and made it more difficult for welfare recipients to pursue a college education. Nevertheless, several work activities…

Cohen, Marie

1998-01-01

485

Do Three Trade Blocs Minimize World Welfare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two interesting results have emerged from research on symmetric models that make the analysis of bilateralism tractable. Krugman reported that three trade blocs minimize world welfare. Frankel, Stein, and Wei argued that the formation of continental trading blocs can reduce welfare. This paper shows that these results are not robust. In particular, it is argued that the inclusion of more

Volker Nitsch

1996-01-01

486

Social Security and Social Welfare Indicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proportion of its total resources that a society devotes to social welfare is a useful general measure related to social policy. In fiscal 1976, the United States spent 21 percent of Gross National Product (GNP) for public social welfare programs, including health and education as well as social insurance (the largest segment) and assistance. Program developments, inflation, population growth,

Ida C. Merriam

1978-01-01

487

Implementing Welfare Reform in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a broader study considering effects of welfare reform on households in rural areas. This report describes the findings of qualitative research, which examined welfare reform implementation and availability of services in 12 rural communities in Alabama, Arkansas, California, and Maine. The study sites were diverse in terms of…

Pindus, Nancy M.

488

Family Poverty, Welfare Reform, and Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines consequences of family poverty for child development, noting evidence that deep or persistent poverty early in childhood adversely affects children's ability and achievement. Argues that although the 1996 welfare reforms spurred many welfare-to-work transitions, their time limits and sanctions are likely to deepen poverty among some…

Duncan, Greg J.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2000-01-01

489

Welfare Effects of Distortionary Company Car Taxation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Europe, company cars are offered by employers as fringe benefits to their employees at a lower price than employees pay in the car market, mainly due to favourable taxation of company cars. We analyse the welfare effects of favourable taxation of company cars for the Netherlands. The estimated annual welfare costs of the distortionary taxation of company cars are

Eva Gutiérrez-i-Puigarnau; Jos van Ommeren

2007-01-01

490

Job Performance and Retention among Welfare Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from interviews with 750 employers in Chicago, Cleveland, Milwaukee, and Los Angeles were used to analyze the job performance and retention rates of recently hired welfare recipients. The 20-minute interviews focused on employers' subjective ratings of recently hired welfare recipients' job performance and whether employers experienced the…

Holzer, Harry J.; Stoll, Michael A.; Wissoker, Douglas

491

Reconsidering Schools and the American Welfare State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses her comparative study of the history of the welfare state in the United States, England, and France, she studies some of the usual features of the welfare state, which include important entitlement programs, such as social insurance, and protective labor legislation, but she also focuses on the development of…

Cohen, Miriam

2005-01-01

492

Pharmaceutical Price Discrimination and Social Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Price discrimination is an extremely common type of pricing strategy engaged in by virtually every business with some discretionary pricing power. The issue of whether price discrimination reduces or increases social welfare has been considered by economists since at least 1920. At that time, it was demonstrated that, under certain (restrictive) conditions, price discrimination will reduce social welfare. Subsequent research

Frank R. Lichtenberg

2010-01-01

493

Welfare Implications of International Financial Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focusing on technology spillover from foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, this paper investigates the welfare implications of financial integration. Calibrations of a neoclassical growth model with international technology diffusion show that when technology catch-up due to FDI inflows is considered, the welfare gains from financial integration substantially increase, which contrasts with the small gains from additional, capital-accumulation effects of financial

Jong-Wha Lee; Kwanho Shin

2008-01-01

494

Welfare State: From Dream to Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is customary to defend and develop the welfare state by appealing to benevolent dreams and expectations and to exclude analysis on what really happens when popular plans are turned into action. The article shows that there are serious problems in every welfare dimension; public services, public regulation, financial transfers, and intergovernmental relations. The purpose of the article is to

Risto Harisalo; John McInerney

2008-01-01

495

Climb On! From Welfare to a Degree.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In operation since 1990, the Gateway Program is a collaborative welfare reform effort developed by Colorado Mountain College (CMC), the county department of social services, and the local Job Training Partnership Act provider. One component of the program is the Link Program, developed to prepare welfare recipients for enrollment in vocational…

Christensen, Patti; Kime, Bruce

496

Child Welfare, the Media, and Capacity Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public child welfare systems and practices have been scrutinized, if not criticized, by the media. In response a “circle the wagons” orientation to the media may ensue. This article lays out more strategic ways in which media engagement with community initiatives may help to advance the public's understanding of child welfare and child safety. An array of suggestions is offered

Katharine Briar-Lawson; Kelly Martinson; Jen Briar-Bonpane; Kathryn Zox

2011-01-01

497

Welfare Reforms, Family Resources, and Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the impact of welfare reforms on several measures of child maltreatment. The authors use state-level data from 1990 to 1998 to examine whether recent welfare reforms have increased or reduced the incidence of reported and substantiated cases of maltreatment, the incidence of specific types of substantiated…

Paxson, Christina; Waldfogel, Jane

2003-01-01

498

Data center metrics : An energy efficiency model for information technology managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify energy efficiency metrics that can be used by IT managers to measure and maintain the implementation of cost savings and green initiatives in data centers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper looks at the background of the problem and explores the reasons why energy savings in the data center are an important

Tugrul Daim; Jay Justice; Mark Krampits; Matthew Letts; Ganesh Subramanian; Mukundan Thirumalai

2009-01-01

499

The contribution of information technology to call center productivity : An organizational design analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to offer a strategic and socio technical analysis of the productivity of telephone call centers from the perspective of Galbraith's organizational design theory. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is based on a quantitative survey of 155 call center managers in France, which benefited from extensive preparation through ten case studies. Findings – When focusing the analysis

Frantz Rowe; Rolande Marciniak; Cécile Clergeau

2011-01-01

500

Would a distributed model of fusion center make information sharing more effective?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research thesis compared two intelligence organizations in the state of Indiana through quantitative analysis, examining a possible alternative model to fusion center organization. The first, the Indiana Intelligence Fusion Center, is examined as a central model organization, where the sum of its parts is located geographically in a centralized location. The second, the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Indiana,

Andrew Lee Branum

2011-01-01