Note: This page contains sample records for the topic welfare information center from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

USDA: Animal Welfare Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USDA's Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) was mandated by the Animal Welfare Act, and the website contains everything from current animal issues to workshops for those in industries that utilize animals to licensing forms. Specifically, the AWIC is designed "to regulate and improve care of animals in research, testing, teaching, and exhibition." The site includes the proposed government rules about animal welfare that are in their public comment period, and how and where to submit your comment. Visitors can click on "In The News" to see all the animal-related rules that are in their public comment period. If visitors want to learn about the origins of veterinary medicine, they can click on "Companion Animals" on the left side of the homepage to find a link to "Veterinary History Resources at the National Agricultural Library". Finally, AWIC provides very important information and resources on alternatives to animal testing, under "Alternatives," on the left side of the homepage. Here visitors will find links to websites that explain the principles of alternatives to animal testing, as well as several papers from conferences that address the issue.

2008-01-01

2

Medicine As a Corporate Enterprise, Patient Welfare Centered Profession, or Patient Welfare Centered Professional Enterprise?  

PubMed Central

There is an alarming trend in the field of medicine, whose portents are ominous but do not seem to shake the complacency and merry making doing the rounds. The wants of the medical man have multiplied beyond imagination. The cost of organizing conferences is no longer possible on delegate fees. The bottom-line is: Crores for a Conference Millions for a Mid-Term. However, the problem is that sponsors keep a discreet but careful tab on docs. All in all, costs of medicines escalate, and quality medical care becomes a luxury. The whole brunt of this movement is borne by the patient. Companies like GlaxoSmithKline, Bayer, Pfizer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, AstraZeneca, Schering-Plough, Abbott Labs, TAP Pharmaceuticals, Wyeth and Merck have paid millions of dollars each as compensation in the last few years. The financial condition of many pharmaceutical majors is not buoyant either. Price deflation, increased Rand D spending, and litigation costs are the main reasons. In the future, the messy lawsuits situation would no longer be restricted to industry. It would involve academia and practising doctors as well. Indian pharma industry captains, who were busy raking in the profits at present, would also come under the scanner. If nothing else, it means industry and docs will have to sit down and do some soul searching. Both short and long-term measures will have to be put into place. Short-term measures involve reduction in i) pharma spending over junkets and trinkets; ii) hype over ‘me too’ drugs; iii) manipulation of drug trials; iv) getting pliant researchers into drug trials; iv) manipulation of Journal Editors to publish positive findings about their drug trials and launches; v) and for Indian Pharma, to conduct their own unbiased clinical trial of the latest drug projected as a blockbuster in the West, before pumping in their millions. The long-term measures are related to the way biomedical advance is to be charted. We have to decide whether medicine is to become a corporate enterprise or remain a patient welfare centered profession. A third approach involves an eclectic resolution of the two. Such amount of patient welfare as also ensures profit, and such amount of profit as also ensures patient welfare is to be forwarded. For, profit, without patient welfare, is blind. And patient welfare, without profit, is lame. According to this approach, medicine becomes a patient welfare centered professional enterprise. The various ramifications of each of these approaches are discussed in this monograph.

Singh, Ajai; Singh, Shakuntala

2005-01-01

3

Welfare: Indicators of Dependency. Policy Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report attempts to assemble data on the trends that are favorable or unfavorable to independence from welfare. Twelve such conditions are examined in this report, and they are summarized in table form, with an indication of the direction of the trend and comments. The information is also summarized in narrative form to give an idea of what…

Barton, Paul E.

4

76 FR 54249 - Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Report; Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Report; Request for...of information for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Report, 25 CFR part...affects the form that tribal Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) coordinators...

2011-08-31

5

76 FR 33340 - Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Annual Report...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Annual Report; Request...of information for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Annual Report, 25...affects the form that tribal Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) coordinators...

2011-06-08

6

Fireworks Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Education / Safety Education Centers En Español Fireworks Information Center This is an information center on fireworks ... Put Safety First This Fourth of July Fireworks Information What are consumer fireworks and where are they ...

7

The National Quality Improvement Center on the Privatization of Child Welfare Services: A Program Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality improvement centers were created by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Children's Bureau beginning in 2001 to promote knowledge development through an innovative approach to applied collaborative research in child welfare. The National Quality Improvement Center on the Privatization of Child Welfare Services was funded to…

Collins-Camargo, Crystal; Ensign, Karl; Flaherty, Chris

2008-01-01

8

Renata Adler Memorial Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection, Tel-Aviv University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Renata Adler Memorial Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection operates within the Bob Shapell School of Social Work at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. The main aims of this research center are to facilitate study and knowledge about the welfare of children experiencing abuse or neglect or children at risk and to link such knowledge to…

Ronen, Tammie

2011-01-01

9

Child Welfare Worker Perception of the Implementation of Family-Centered Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of Family-Centered Practice (FCP) among child welfare workers who are expected to use FCP principles in their work with children and families. Method: Nine focus groups were conducted among child welfare workers across seven different regions within one state to assess caseworker's…

Michalopoulos, Lynn; Ahn, Haksoon; Shaw, Terry V.; O'Connor, Julia

2012-01-01

10

Crib Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Education / Safety Education Centers En Español Crib Information Center Learn How to Put Your Baby to ... Privacy Policy Budget & Performance Open Government Freedom of Information (FOIA) Inspector General No Fear Act Data USA. ...

11

The Calculator Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The functions of the center include preparing annotated bibliographies, research listings, and information bulletins. The address of the center and a bibliography for instruction with hand-held calculators, K-12, are given. (MP)

Calculators/Computers Magazine, 1978

1978-01-01

12

National Rehabilitation Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

- A + A Follow us! National Rehabilitation Information Center Information for Independence Main menu top Home Disability Resources Our Publications Knowledgebase Articles, Books & Reports Research Projects What can we help ...

13

Uniforming information management in Finnish Social Welfare.  

PubMed

This paper describes the phases and methods used in the National project for IT in Social Services in Finland (Tikesos). The main goals of Tikesos were to unify the client information systems in social services, to develop electronic documentation and to produce specifications for nationally organized electronic archive. The method of Enterprise Architecture was largely used in the project. PMID:22874327

Laaksonen, Maarit; Kärki, Jarmo; Ailio, Erja

2012-01-01

14

Information center evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information centers provide a formal established facility that coordinates and facilitates end-user computing. The author discusses the reasons for information center evaluation, the problems associated with evaluation, and the various techniques, tools, and methods that can be used for evaluation. She then proposes a model by which one can determine which evaluation measure to use based on the reasons for

Joan E. Hoopes

1990-01-01

15

An AIDS information center.  

PubMed

Because busy members of the health care team are confronted with a plethora of articles and information on AIDS, the Health Sciences Library at the University of Alabama has developed a current awareness information center on AIDS. The materials in the center can be easily accessed by patrons. Books and audiovisuals are included in the center; however, the primary emphasis is on accessing articles in journals to which the library subscribes and the journals which have granted blanket photocopy permission. The planning and organization of the center are described. PMID:10295658

Doughty, B P; Russell, L R

1989-01-01

16

Earth Science Information Center  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An ESIC? An Earth Science Information Center. Don't spell it. Say it. ESIC. It rhymes with seasick. You can find information in an information center, of course, and you'll find earth science information in an ESIC. That means information about the land that is the Earth, the land that is below the Earth, and in some instances, the space surrounding the Earth. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) operates a network of Earth Science Information Centers that sell earth science products and data. There are more than 75 ESIC's. Some are operated by the USGS, but most are in other State or Federal agencies. Each ESIC responds to requests for information received by telephone, letter, or personal visit. Your personal visit.

U.S. Geological Survey

1991-01-01

17

NASA Propagation Information Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Propagation Information Center became formally operational in July 1988. It is located in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the University of Colorado at Boulder. The Center is several things: a communications medium for the propagation with the outside world, a mechanism for internal communication within the program, and an aid to management.

Smith, Ernest K.; Flock, Warren L.

1989-01-01

18

Migraine Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This American Medical Association site, part of the Journal of the American Medical Association suite of information centers, strives to be a clearinghouse for migraine headache information. With a mixture of scholarly and general information, it is of use to the practitioner and patient alike. The Newsline section carries stories from Reuters Health Information Services, as well as information on relevant conferences and background briefings that explain in layman's terms such concepts as the cause of migraine head pain, genetic factors, and the role of seratonin. The Library contains articles of a more clinical nature. The Education and Support Center offers succinct patient material designed to help the unfortunate victims of these headaches understand their condition. The Treatment Center is a more clinical section that aids in the diagnosis and management of the condition. There is also a small annotated links section.

1997-01-01

19

Water Quality Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Water Quality Information Center's database of "Online Documents Covering Water and Agriculture" has an improved interface and more titles. You can now access more than 1,700 documents. The topics include things such as, irrigation, social and legal issues, regional information, water availability and quality.

2008-10-08

20

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

21

Bank Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank Information Center (BIC) is a nonprofit, independent, non-governmental organization that "provides information and strategic support to NGOs and social movements throughout the world on the projects, policies and practices of the World Bank and other Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)." The organization's Website contains information about BIC's ongoing activities and offers useful publications and toolkits for those interested in and involved with MDBs. The Toolkits for Activists section includes fact sheets that explain the inner workings of the World Bank, covering topics such as basic information about the World Bank, the Country Assistance Strategy, World Bank policy framework, and information on World Bank's lending. Each fact sheet is available in both .pdf and HTML formats. The publications section offers a variety of resources including papers, case studies, and meeting reports, many of which are available online. Also provided are links to other monitoring organizations around the world and several online forums. An information services page will be added soon.

22

Death Penalty Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), a nonprofit organization operating out of Washington, DC, prepares analytical reports for the media, the public, and Congress on issues concerning capital punishment. Their fact-filled, frequently updated site supplies a wealth of full-text reports, briefs, and statistics examining all aspects of capital punishment. Topic sections analyze death penalty information in relation to public opinion, race, sex, age, mental competency, deterrence, innocence, and cost. A state by state listing clearly outlines and compares the legislation and the statistics for capital punishment nationally. A comprehensive list of links to other sources of information is also provided.

1997-01-01

23

Citizens’ Views on Farm Animal Welfare and Related Information Provision: Exploratory Insights from Flanders, Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of two independent empirical studies with Flemish citizens were combined to address the problem of a short fall\\u000a of information provision about higher welfare products. The research objectives were (1) to improve our understanding of how\\u000a citizens conceptualize farm animal welfare, (2) to analyze the variety in the claimed personal relevance of animal welfare\\u000a in the food purchasing

Filiep Vanhonacker; Els Van Poucke; Frank Tuyttens; Wim Verbeke

2010-01-01

24

The Tiger Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past 70 years, Bali, Caspian, and Javan tigers have become extinct while the five remaining tiger subspecies face tremendous threats from habitat loss, hunting, and human population growth. This site contains relevant tiger conservation information. The Tiger Information Center, sponsored by the National Fish and Wildlife Service and the Exxon Corporation, is dedicated to providing information on tiger biology, population status, and conservation. Users will find maps of current tiger subspecies distribution, tiger natural history facts, population estimates, and a section debunking common misconceptions about tigers. The Tiger Handbook contains interactive quizzes and a role-playing exercise in which users become the tiger expert and have to deal with a tiger that has escaped from an airport in New Mexico. A multimedia gallery contains numerous images and recordings of tiger vocalizations. The level of information ranges from basic to sophisticated.

1999-01-01

25

Informed decisions in child welfare: The use of attachment theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to help child welfare workers better understand and utilize attachment theory in their decision making with abused and neglected children. The authors review attachment theory, research on the effects of maltreatment on attachment, and research on foster care and attachment. Guidelines and specific interventions supporting children's secure attachments during involvement with the child welfare

Ferol E. Mennen; Maura O'Keefe

2005-01-01

26

Cryogenic Information Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Cryogenic Information Center (CIC) is a not-for-profit corporation dedicated to preserving and distributing cryogenic information to government, industry, and academia. The heart of the CIC is a uniform source of cryogenic data including analyses, design, materials and processes, and test information traceable back to the Cryogenic Data Center of the former National Bureau of Standards. The electronic database is a national treasure containing over 146,000 specific bibliographic citations of cryogenic literature and thermophysical property data dating back to 1829. A new technical/bibliographic inquiry service can perform searches and technical analyses. The Cryogenic Material Properties (CMP) Program consists of computer codes using empirical equations to determine thermophysical material properties with emphasis on the 4-300K range. CMP's objective is to develop a user-friendly standard material property database using the best available data so government and industry can conduct more accurate analyses. The CIC serves to benefit researchers, engineers, and technologists in cryogenics and cryogenic engineering, whether they are new or experienced in the field.

Mohling, Robert A.; Marquardt, Eric D.; Fusilier, Fred C.; Fesmire, James E.

2003-01-01

27

Metals and Ceramics Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Defense, in 1955, established the Titanium Metallurgical Laboratory at Battelle-Columbus, expanding the scope and changing the name to Defense Metals Information Center in 1958. The Defense Ceramic Information Center was assigned to Batt...

H. D. Moran

1972-01-01

28

Effect of information about animal welfare on consumer willingness to pay for yogurt.  

PubMed

This study aimed to verify whether consumers confirm their willingness to pay extra costs for higher animal welfare standards in a situation where a potential purchase performed by consumers, such as the Vickrey auction, is used. A 104-member consumer panel was asked to rate its willingness to pay (WTP) for plain and low-fat yogurts in 3 information conditions: tasting without information (blind WTP), information about animal welfare without tasting (expected WTP), tasting with information about animal welfare (actual WTP). Information was provided to the consumers under the form of labels indicating the level of animal cleanliness and freedom of movement (5-point scale, from poor to very good). Consumers were influenced by information about low standards of animal welfare (low cleanliness and low freedom of movement) and moved their willingness to pay in the direction of their expectations. However, the discrepancy between expectancy and actual WTP was not totally assimilated, indicating that WTP was also expressed in relation to other aspects (e.g., the sensory properties of the products). Conversely, the information concerning high standards of animal welfare (high cleanliness and high freedom of movement) was able to affect expectancy but had an effect on actual WTP only when the most acceptable yogurt was offered to the consumers. In the case of discordant information on animal welfare, partly indicating high levels of welfare (freedom of movements) and low levels of welfare (cleanliness), expected WTP was always lower than blind WTP. However, when the least acceptable product was presented, they completely assimilated their actual WTP to the expectations. Conversely, with the most acceptable yogurt, no assimilation occurred and sensory properties prevailed in orienting consumer WTP. Within each product, consumers expressed a higher WTP for products with labels indicating high welfare standards as compared with yogurts with labels reporting intermediate and low welfare standard. These results show that information about animal welfare, if given to the consumers, can be a major determinant of consumer WTP for animal-based food products. However, information about high standards of animal welfare should be paired with products presenting a good eating quality. PMID:18292246

Napolitano, F; Pacelli, C; Girolami, A; Braghieri, A

2008-03-01

29

Effects of demographic factors and information sources on United States consumer perceptions of animal welfare.  

PubMed

As consumers have become more interested in understanding how their food is produced, scrutiny and criticism have increased regarding intensified food animal production methods. Resolution of public concerns about animal agricultural practices depends on understanding the myriad factors that provide the basis for concerns. An online survey of 798 U.S. households was conducted to investigate relationships between household characteristics (demographics, geographic location, and experiences) and level of concern for animal welfare as well as sources used to obtain information on the subject. Because recent media attention has focused on animal care practices used in the U.S. swine industry, respondents were also asked specific questions pertaining to their perceptions of pig management practices and welfare issues and their corresponding pork purchasing behavior. Respondents reporting higher levels of concern about animal welfare were more frequently female, younger, and self-reported members of the Democratic Party. Fourteen percent of respondents reported reduction in pork consumption because of animal welfare concerns with an average reduction of 56%. Over half of the respondents (56%) did not have a primary source for animal welfare information; those who identified a primary information source most commonly used information provided by animal protection organizations, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Midwest participants were significantly, at the 5% significance level, less concerned about domestic livestock animal welfare and more frequently reported not having a source for animal welfare information than those from other regions of the United States. Overall, the U.S. livestock and poultry industries and other organizations affiliated with animal agriculture appear to be less used public sources of information on animal welfare than popular animal protection organizations. Improved understanding of the factors that contribute to consumers' evolving perceptions of the care and welfare of farm animals is an essential step toward enhanced sustainability and social responsibility in contemporary food production systems. PMID:24962533

McKendree, M G S; Croney, C C; Widmar, N J O

2014-07-01

30

Aquaculture Network Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given the declining schools of fish in many of the world's oceans, interest in aquaculture has grown exponentially in the past few years. The Aquaculture Network Information Center (ANIC) serves as an electronic gateway to thousands of online aquaculture-related resources, and is hosted by Purdue University and the University of Illinois through the Illinois - Indiana Sea Grant College Program. ANIC was started in 1994, and currently contains links to hundreds of aquaculture publications from around the globe, visual media (such as Power Point presentations), calendars of germane conferences and events, and specialty sections for species and production systems. From the ANIC home page, visitors may join discussion groups about aquaculture (organized by species), learn about different aquaculture cultivation systems, and peruse recent and archive publications from the relevant federal, state, and international agencies. For aquaculture neophytes, a FAQ section will answer ever quandary possible about the world of pond management, the perplexity of pond construction, and the inevitable debates surrounding which form of aquaculture production is most appropriate for different regions of the world.

31

Information Center on Accessible Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different legal bases such as the Federal Discrimination Act on People with Disabilities and the eGovernment law show the\\u000a importance of web accessibility and it is well known that technical accessibility is not compre-hensive without an adequate\\u000a usability. Nevertheless, from the point of view regarding a comprehensive accessibility of information this will be too little\\u000a especially with regard to people

Kerstin Matausch; Birgit Peböck

2008-01-01

32

Overview of the Parent Child Center Management Information System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Parent Child Center Management Information System, the first operational MIS for a social action program relating to child welfare, consists of three interlocking components: a standard set of recordkeeping forms for the local Parent Child Center; a set of quarterly reporting forms that interface with the recordkeeping forms; and a series of…

Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

33

Effect of Information About Animal Welfare on Consumer Willingness to Pay for Yogurt  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to verify whether consumers con- firm their willingness to pay extra costs for higher animalwelfarestandardsinasituationwhereapoten- tial purchase performed by consumers, such as the Vickrey auction, is used. A 104-member consumer panelwasaskedtorateitswillingnesstopay(WTP)for plain and low-fat yogurts in 3 information conditions: tasting without information (blind WTP), information about animal welfare without tasting (expected WTP), tasting with information about animal

F. Napolitano; C. Pacelli; A. Girolami; A. Braghieri

2008-01-01

34

A Grassroots Prototype for Trauma-Informed Child Welfare System Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of trauma-informed child welfare systems (TICWSs) that advance individual agency practice to target transformation of the system as a whole has been conceptualized but not documented. A grassroots effort to build a TICWS with key participants (e.g., Department of Human Services, Community Mental Health, Family Court, schools) in…

Henry, James; Richardson, Margaret; Black-Pond, Connie; Sloane, Mark; Atchinson, Ben; Hyter, Yvette

2011-01-01

35

Education Information Centers: An Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Key findings of an evaluation of the Education Information Centers (EICs) project were that (1) many EICs have affected patrons lives; (2) libraries have improved career collections, attracted new patrons, and become viewed as community resources; (3) library staff have developed better ways to ascertain information needs; and (4) new agency…

Tice, Karin E.; Gill, Stephen Joel

1991-01-01

36

Welfare Reform Briefing Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in light of efforts at welfare reform. Following a listing of whom to call at the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) regarding various welfare issues, the report's first section, "Basic Facts on Welfare," presents information on the AFDC in a…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

37

Competitive Intelligence and the Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the competitive intelligence approach to corporate information gathering, and discusses how it differs from the traditional library information center approach. Steps for developing a competitive intelligence system in the library information center are suggested. (33 references) (MES)

Greene, H. Frances

1988-01-01

38

The Sickle Cell Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Georgia N.I.H. Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, the Sickle Cell Foundation of Georgia, and the Pediatrics and Hematology-Oncology Departments of the Emory University Medical School sponsor this site, an information-rich compendium on Sickle Cell Anemia that targets health care providers and patients alike. The highlights of the site, in the Health Care Providers section, are two full text publications, Problem Oriented Management of Sickle Cell Syndromes (an update of a 1991 text by James Eckman and Allan Platt), and the National Institutes of Health Publication Management and Therapy of Sickle Cell Disease. Also available are a professional summary of the disease, a list of conferences, newborn screening information, transfusion protocol information, and general information for patients and their families.

1997-01-01

39

NYIT Energy Information Center. A first report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Energy Information Center was created to serve (1) the research and information dissemination purposes of the Center for Energy Policy and Reearch, and (2) the information outreach programs of the Energy Advisory Service established by the Center. The Center is primarily concerned with (a) energy conservation, (b) alternative energy sources, (c) energy usage, and (d) energy policy, and insofar

Magat

1976-01-01

40

Coordinated Tax-Tariff Reforms, Informality, and Welfare Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies the revenue, efficiency, and distributional implications of a simple strategy of offsetting tariff reductions with increases in destination-based consumption taxes so as to leave consumer prices unchanged. We employ a dynamic micro-founded macroeconomic model of a small open developing economy, which features an informal sector that cannot be taxed, a formal agricultural sector, and an import-substitution sector.

J. E. Ligthart; G. C. van der Meijden

2010-01-01

41

Coordinated Tax-Tari Reforms, Informality, and Welfare Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies the revenue, eciency, and distributional implications of a simple strategy of ofsetting tariff reductions with increases in destination-based consumption taxes so as to leave consumer prices unchanged. We employ a dynamic micro-founded macroeconomic model of a small open developing economy, which features an informal sector that cannot be taxed, a formal agricultural sector, and an import-substitution sector.

Jenny Ligthart; Gerard C. van der Meijden

2010-01-01

42

The Social Welfare Practice and Research Center at the Chinese University of Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization and research programs of the Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre (SWPRC) at the Chinese University of Hong Kong are outlined. There are five regular research programs (Family and Group Practice Research Centre, Human Behavior and the Social Environment Research Program, Mutual Aid and Social Capital Research Program,…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2009-01-01

43

Bridging the Gap: Higher Education and Career-Centered Welfare Reform. Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference examined the current welfare policy and the continued use of higher education as a tool for moving low-income people into self-supporting careers. The proceedings include: welcoming remarks by Stephen Greenwald; keynote addresses by William Spriggs and Danny Simmons; a lunch address by Rae Alexander-Minter; remarks by Patricia…

Kosar, Kevin R., Ed.

44

Latin American Network Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 1992 and affiliated with the Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, the Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC) is designed to "facilitate access to Internet-based information to, from, or on Latin America." Their site was redesigned in the spring of 2008, and currently their various directories contain over 12,000 unique URLs for use by the general public. These links can be browsed by subject headings or by country, and visitors can look into more discrete topical headings like "food", "political science", and "social work". Along with these high-quality links, visitors can then click on over to their "Digital Initiatives" area. Here they will find digital collections that cover documents from the New Mexican Revolution and the full-text Fidel Castro Speech database. Visitors will also appreciate that many of the site's resources are available in Spanish and Portuguese.

45

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With much of the United States becoming interested in the world of organic farming, sustainable agriculture, and related pursuits, it is nice to know that the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has a very nice online presence dedicated to alternative farming systems here at the Alternate Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC). The site has been recently redesigned, and visitors can jump right in by looking over the "I Want To" area, where they can locate funding resources, explore the world of aquaculture, and even explore alternative farming methods. After taking a look there, visitors can also browse the site's contents by subject area, including organic production, ecological pest management, and farm energy options.

46

Present status of information centers (libraries)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Documentation Kondan-Kai (gathering for discussing issues) has conducted the questionnaire which asks present status of information centers of companies. The purpose of this questionnaire was to obtain some tips which would be useful for companies to consider what their information centers should be in a highly informationalized society, and how they should be changing. The results were grouped into the following five sections and analyzed; (1) management system of information center, (2) use condition of information center, (3) management of books and journals, (4) external online information retrieval and (5) management of technical materials generated inside company.

Suzuki, Keigo; Adachi, Takashi; Kusumi, Yoshihisa; Nishiyama, Mieko; Hirata, Toshiichiro

47

An agency theory perspective on information centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theory of information center (IC) formation and evolution based on concepts from agency theory is presented. In the theory, information centers are agents of the management information systems (MIS) department and are formed to help MIS control and direction of end-user computing, particularly the selection of end-user technology. The theory explains important aspects of the management of ICs and

R. Klepper

1990-01-01

48

The Defense Technical Information Center: Acquiring Information and Imparting Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) discusses how DTIC fits into the Department of Defense Scientific and Technical Information Program; its history, organization, users, and operations; types of information handled; subject classification; cataloging standards; Information Analysis Centers (IACs); and research and…

Molholm, Kurt N.; And Others

1988-01-01

49

Defense Technical Information Center Cataloging Guidelines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The guidelines for descriptive cataloging is a procedure manual published by the Defense Technical Information Center. It outlines the cataloging information to be included in the data fields for computer input of technical documents. The text is arranged...

G. B. Martens

1985-01-01

50

How the Child Welfare System Works  

MedlinePLUS

... Welfare Information Gateway. (2013). How the child welfare system works. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children's Bureau. This material may be freely reproduced and distributed. However, when doing so, please credit Child Welfare ...

51

Information center services: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

126 information centers (ICs) were surveyed to determine which services they offer, which ones they do not offer, and which ones they offered previously but discontinued. Based on the survey responses, a definitive list of 35 individual IC services offered by information centers was obtained. Although only seven of the services are offered in les than one-half of the responding

H. H. Carr

1990-01-01

52

UCSF Center for HIV Information  

MedlinePLUS

... current interest in HIV care, policy, and prevention. Mozambique Positive Prevention Toolkit I-TECH, the HIV/AIDS Twinning Center, and PEPFAR Mozambique. January 2010. CHI worked with the project team ...

53

The Food and Nutrition Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) of the National Agricultural Library (USDA) maintains a variety of electronic access points for the full texts of its bibliographies, resource lists, and fact sheets. Topics include Food Labeling Educational Materials, Food and Nutrition Software and Multimedia, and educational materials covering Foodborne Illness and the Food Guide Pyramid. Additional information is available on human nutrition, nutrition education, food service management, and other topics. Gopher to: gopher.nalusda.gov select: NAL Information Centers/Food and Nutrition Information Center

1996-01-01

54

Reinventing vital statistics. The impact of changes in information technology, welfare policy, and health care.  

PubMed Central

Vital statistics offers a case study in the potential of new information technology and reengineering to achieve better public sector performance. New technology--notably the shift from a paper to an electronic process for recording vital events and transmitting the data to public agencies--is creating opportunities to produce more timely, accurate, and useful information. The furthest advanced innovation is the electronic birth certificate. At the same time, changes in welfare policy and health care--including efforts to establish paternity at the time of birth and to improve health care outcomes--are creating pressures for more policy-relevant data about vital events. In addition, the rise of integrated health plans and health information networks is radically altering the organizational context of vital statistics. On the basis of a State-by-State survey of vital statistics officials, the authors estimate that at the end of 1994, 58 percent of all births in the United States were being recorded on an electronic birth certificate and communicated to a public agency electronically. Nearly all respondents reported that the electronic birth certificate brought improvements in both timeliness and accuracy of data. Achieving the full promise of the new technology, however, will require more fundamental changes in institutions and policies and a reconceptualization of the birth certificate as part of a broader perinatal information system. Images p537-a

Starr, P; Starr, S

1995-01-01

55

Optimal Mandates and The Welfare Cost of Asymmetric Information: Evidence from The U.K. Annuity Market*  

PubMed Central

Much of the extensive empirical literature on insurance markets has focused on whether adverse selection can be detected. Once detected, however, there has been little attempt to quantify its welfare cost, or to assess whether and what potential government interventions may reduce these costs. To do so, we develop a model of annuity contract choice and estimate it using data from the U.K. annuity market. The model allows for private information about mortality risk as well as heterogeneity in preferences over different contract options. We focus on the choice of length of guarantee among individuals who are required to buy annuities. The results suggest that asymmetric information along the guarantee margin reduces welfare relative to a first best symmetric information benchmark by about £127 million per year, or about 2 percent of annuitized wealth. We also find that by requiring that individuals choose the longest guarantee period allowed, mandates could achieve the first-best allocation. However, we estimate that other mandated guarantee lengths would have detrimental effects on welfare. Since determining the optimal mandate is empirically difficult, our findings suggest that achieving welfare gains through mandatory social insurance may be harder in practice than simple theory may suggest.

Einav, Liran; Finkelstein, Amy; Schrimpf, Paul

2009-01-01

56

Virtual Information Center for Human Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the background, aim and realization of virtual information center on the domain of computational linguistics.\\u000a The Internet provides huge amount of heterogeneous data sources. Human can access all information on the Internet by mouse-clicks.\\u000a Our virtual information center has been established in order to provide an integrated view on computational linguistics. It\\u000a consists of three kinds of

Fang Li; Hui Shao; Huanye Sheng

57

Defense Technical Information Center thesaurus  

SciTech Connect

This DTIC Thesaurus provides a basic multidisciplinary subject term vocabulary used by DTIC to index and retrieve scientific and technical information from its various data bases and to aid DTIC`s users in their information storage and retrieval operations. It includes an alphabetical posting term display, a hierarchy display, and a Keywork Out of Context (KWOC) display.

Dickert, J.H. [ed.] [comp.

1996-10-01

58

Critical success factors in information center strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

End user computing, whether on terminals or microcomputers, has created a need for training in the use of information technology, for controlling access to corporate data, for the preservation of corporate information integrity and compatibility, and for mediation between MIS\\/DP and other departments.Information centers, the formal corporate response to those needs, continue to grow in number and cost. An initial

C. Royksund; Mari Montri; J. F. Nunamaker Jr.

1988-01-01

59

Information Business: A Profile of the Defense Technical Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) collects and distributes authoritative Department of Defense (DoD) scientific, research, and engineering information to the defense community. Through a major portion of the 1990s, DTIC was part of the Offic...

S. Schwalb

2005-01-01

60

Report on Defense Ceramic Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responsibility for operating the Defense Ceramic Information Center (DCIC) was assigned to Battelle in May 1967. This report tells of accomplishments during the first two years of the assignment. The mission, scope and operational standards of the Center are defined, and the report describes the nature and distribution of the various products and…

Duckworth, Winston H.

61

Joint Interdisciplinary Earth Science Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report spans the three year period beginning in June of 2001 and ending June of 2004. Joint Interdisciplinary Earth Science Information Center's (JIESIC) primary purpose has been to carry out research in support of the Global Change Data Center and ot...

M. Kafatos

2004-01-01

62

Center for Aeronautics and Space Information Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the research done during 1991/92 under the Center for Aeronautics and Space Information Science (CASIS) program. The topics covered are computer architecture, networking, and neural nets.

Flynn, Michael J.

1992-01-01

63

The Women's Information Center Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A six-month grant was made with Title I Higher Education Act funds from the Office of Human Relations Programs and matching funds from the University of Maryland's College of Library and Information Services to assess the feasibility of and develop plans ...

A. M. Burgard

1973-01-01

64

Computers in Information Data Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of ten conference reports begins with "Historical Impact of Computers on the Operation of Libraries and Information Systems: A Personal Perspective" and is followed by "Tips on Computer Software: Advantages and Methods of Program Dissemination" and "BLOCS--A Unique Multi-Dimensional Approach to On-Line Circulation". Next, libraries…

Clifton, Joe Ann, Ed.; Helgeson, Duane, Ed.

65

78 FR 14549 - National Contact Center; Information Collection; National Contact Center Customer Evaluation Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 3090-0278; Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 19] National Contact Center; Information Collection; National Contact Center Customer Evaluation Survey AGENCY: Contact Center Services, Federal Citizen Information Center, Office of...

2013-03-06

66

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH...the extent practicable, provides for an interface with the State data collection...

2009-10-01

67

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH...the extent practicable, provides for an interface with the State data collection...

2010-10-01

68

Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT) is a âÂÂconsortium of 10 community colleges throughout Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakotaâ focused on âÂÂstrengthening and expanding the regionâÂÂs information technology (IT) workforce.â On their site, visitors will find information on MCITâÂÂs initiatives and impact, as well as resources about MCITâÂÂs research and information technology recruitment and careers. This is a useful resource for helping community college students or recent graduates find information on information technology professional development.

2007-04-23

69

A Web-based geographic information system for monitoring animal welfare during long journeys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Animal welfare protection during long journeys is mandatory according to European Union regulations designed to ensure that animals are transported in accordance with animal welfare requirements and to provide control bodies with a regulatory tool to react promptly in cases of non-compliance and to ensure a safe network between products, animals and farms. Regulation 1\\/2005\\/EC foresees recourse to a

G. Caporale

70

The role of a national information center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the Fachinformationszentrum Energie, Physik, Mathematik at Karlsruhe as an example the organization as an example the organization of a modern information center is described as well as the information services it provides. Emphasis is given to the field of numerical data documentation and the special problems encountered with numerical data banks are discussed.

G. Ebel

1984-01-01

71

Community Information Centers and the Computer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two computer data bases have been developed by the Computer Science Department at the University of Western Ontario for "Information London," the local community information center. One system, called LONDON, permits Boolean searches of a file of 5,000 records describing human service agencies in the London area. The second system, called INDEX,…

Carroll, John M.; Tague, Jean M.

72

The Women's Information Center Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A six-month grant was made with Title I Higher Education Act funds from the Office of Human Relations Programs and matching funds from the University of Maryland's College of Library and Information Services to assess the feasibility of and develop plans for a special information center to serve student, faculty and staff women on the College Park…

Burgard, Andrea M.

73

Center for Women and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), located at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, was named "the best resource on women and technology on the Web" by ABCNews.com. The center's primary goal is to promote women's involvement in the IT industry. CWIT's Web site provides a wealth of information for women, ranging from learning the basics of computers to IT training and certification. Women considering IT as a field of study will also find information on financial aid and the CWIT Scholars Program. There is a list of books and many links to news articles about women and IT that are both interesting and insightful. .

2002-01-01

74

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). 950... § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). ESIC is...addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center, National...

2010-01-01

75

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). 950... § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). ESIC is...addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center, National...

2009-01-01

76

Probabilistic Analysis of Information Center Insecurity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security has become a top priority for many organizations due to a growing number of computer threats. Modeling\\u000a information system security has been studied extensively in recent years and many techniques have been proposed. In this work,\\u000a we propose a simple model and an algorithm to efficiently calculate the probability of insecurity for each resource in an\\u000a information center

Shyue-Liang Wang; Jyun-Da Chen; Tzung-Pei Hong; Paul Stirpe

77

Center for International Earth Science Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Columbia University offers the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (last mentioned in the February 16, 2001 Scout Report), which specializes in online data and information management, spatial data integration and training, and interdisciplinary research related to human interactions in the environment. Their Data and Information page contains links to data, data applications, online tools, and information involving climate change, environmental health, land use, and more. The site contains an eclectic accumulation of GIS and environmental information that some researchers may find very interesting.

2001-01-01

78

Information Sciences: Information Centers and Special Libraries. Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography is a compilation of annotated references on Information Sciences: Information Centers and Special Libraries and is Volume II in a four-volume set on Information Sciences. It is a revision to the unlimited references in two earlier bibliog...

1972-01-01

79

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel. The purpose of the Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center is to collect, analyze, store, and make available descriptions of the environment of transportation expressed in engineering terms. The data stored in the Center are expected to be useful in a variety of transportation related analyses. Formulations of environmental criteria for shipment of cargo, risk assessments, and detailed structural analyses of shipping containers are examples where these data have been applied. For purposes of indexing and data retrieval, the data are catalogued under two major headings: Normal and Abnormal Environments.

Davidson, C. A.; Foley, J. T.

1980-10-01

80

Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What exactly is informal science education? Well, it isn't just a science class taught in jeans and a t-shirt. According to the Center for the Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) website, informal science "supports people of all ages and walks of life in exploring science, technology, engineering, and mathematics." In the "About Informal Science Education" section of the website, visitors can read about the places in which informal science education occurs, such as in the media, science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, nature centers, and after-school programs. The "ISE Spotlights" section contains real life examples of informal science education occurring around the nation. Visitors interested in becoming involved in informal science education (ISE) should check out the "CAISE Programs" link on the left hand menu, then click on "CAISE Initiatives", for the seven initiatives of project year four and five. Some of the initiatives include "The ISE Evidence Wiki", "Informal Commons" and "Interactive ISE Timeline". It is a site that is worth returning to multiple times, and the materials here represent some of the ways that persons of all ages learn about science.

2011-06-14

81

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel.

Davidson, C.A.; Foley, J.T.

1982-06-01

82

West Asian Special Libraries and Information Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special libraries are defined in this paper as those libraries serving such institutions as government offices, private corporations, associations, and university departments. Information centers are similar to special libraries but provide personalized, high quality reference service, usually in science and technology, and often using mechanical…

Harvey, John F.

83

Libraries and Information Centers in Saudi Arabia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a brief historical summary of library development in Islamic culture, describes the present status of libraries and information centers, and outlines overall problems, specifically the absence of national planning, trained local staffs, library legislation, library associations, an advanced book trade, and an effective national library.…

Khurshid, Zahiruddin

1979-01-01

84

Development of the Structural Materials Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has initiated a Structural Aging Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to identify potential structural safety issues related to continued service of nuclear power plants and to establish criteria for evaluating and resolving these issues. One of the tasks in this program focuses on the establishment of a Structural Materials Information Center where data

C. B. Oland; D. J. Naus

1990-01-01

85

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

2011-08-09

86

Library and Information Center Management. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adhering to the proven fundamentals and the same general structure as previous editions, this revision updates and expands the material in the text to cover the latest managerial systems and approaches. The book presents the principles of library and information center management in a conceptual framework as it examines dynamics within the…

Stueart, Robert D.; Moran, Barbara B.

87

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Stennis Space Center (SSC), MS 39529. (11) NASA Information Center, NASA Management Office Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109. (12) NASA Information Center, Wallops Flight Facility (WFF),...

2010-01-01

88

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Stennis Space Center (SSC), MS 39529. (11) NASA Information Center, NASA Management Office Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109. (12) NASA Information Center, Wallops Flight Facility (WFF),...

2009-01-01

89

Promoting Evidence-Informed Practice in Child Welfare in Ontario: Progress, Challenges and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practice and Research Together (PART) is an Ontario-based research utilization initiative, the core function of which is to distil and disseminate practice-relevant research findings to child welfare practitioners. This article addresses (a) the mission and goals of the PART program; (b) the key components of the program design; (c) the conceptual…

Shera, Wes; Dill, Katharine

2012-01-01

90

Center for Environmental Information and Statistics (CEIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1997 as part of the Environmental Protection Agency's national commitment to "improve public access" to EPA's information resources, the new Center for Environmental Information and Statistics (CEIS) Website "provides access to integrated information on environmental quality, status and trends." Available at the site are Environmental Profiles (for each US state, county, and territory), a substantial, searchable Digital Library of Environmental Quality, and the Environmental Atlas, offering "full-color, national and state maps ... covering a wide range of natural resources." This impressive Website will prove valuable to researchers and educators, alike.

1997-01-01

91

The effects of information on willingness to pay for animal welfare in dairy production: application of nonhypothetical valuation mechanisms.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine consumer willingness to pay (WTP) for animal welfare in dairy production using nonhypothetical Vickrey auctions and open-ended choice experiments. Two hundred fifteen subjects participated in experimental sessions with 4 types of dairy products (humane animal care-labeled cheese and ice cream and conventional cheese and ice cream) and 4 valuation mechanisms. Information treatment, which included information about humane animal care principles in dairy production, was used to examine the effects of information on WTP. The results showed that participants, on average, were willing to pay extra for a scoop of humane animal care-labeled ice cream above the price of conventional ice cream. However, no premium WTP for humane animal care-labeled cheese was detected. Furthermore, provision of information only about humane animal care principles in dairy production, without corresponding information about conventional production practices, did not increase WTP for humane animal care-labeled products. PMID:22365193

Elbakidze, L; Nayga, R M

2012-03-01

92

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2011-01-01

93

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2014-01-01

94

Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Security is on the minds of many in higher education, and the Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) is very interested in playing a major role in this area of training and scholarship. With funds from the National Science Foundation, CSSIA has been working on developing an associate's degree program in information technology security, and on providing professional development opportunities and curricular materials. Visitors to the site can learn about their many partner institutions, check in on their calendar of upcoming conferences, and also learn about job opportunities in this field. Finally, visitors can also read evaluation reports created by CSSIA's in-house team of experts.

95

Center for Integration of Natural Disaster Information  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey's Center for Integration of Natural Disaster Information (CINDI) is a research and operational facility that explores methods for collecting, integrating, and communicating information about the risks posed by natural hazards and the effects of natural disasters. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is mandated by the Robert Stafford Act to warn citizens of impending landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. The USGS also coordinates with other Federal, State, and local disaster agencies to monitor threats to communities from floods, coastal storms, wildfires, geomagnetic storms, drought, and outbreaks of disease in wildlife populations.

U.S. Geological Survey

2001-01-01

96

Information spreading and development of cultural centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions.

Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

2012-05-01

97

National Earthquake Information Center: Earthquake Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site enables the user to access a vast database of earthquakes. Searches may be done using a number of different geographic approaches: a Global or Worldwide search, a Rectangular search by specifying latitudes and longitudes of a rectangular area, and a Circular search by specifying the center latitude and longitude coordinates and a radius. Additional parameters, including dates of events, places of events, magnitude, depth and intensity can be specified before engaging in a search. The results of each search can be viewed in a variety of formats. Users may also view information and data on the following pages: Near Real Time Earthquake List, Current and General Earthquake Information, Seismograph Station Codes, Earthquake Information Sources, Routine U.S. Mining Seismicity, U.S. National Seismograph Networks, Today in Earthquake History, Large Earthquakes in 2001, and Earthquake E-mail Notification. Links to other U.S. Geological Survey earthquake websites are provided.

98

National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 6  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As a rule we don't carry personnel information additions, subtractions, etc., in the newsletter. This is a technical publication, not a forum for office baseball league scores. Now, having got that disclaimer out of the way, we wanted to note that Dick Swinnerton, Chief of NCIC since the Center's inception in 1974, has left us. Dick was recently chosen as Chief of the Topographic Divisions's Western Mapping Center (a move up and, geographically at least, to the left). When Dick arrived NCIC consisted of 4 briefing books and an interesting concept. 3 years later we have 10 books and a thriving organization. We shall miss him. This issue contains what we hope is an interesting collection of cartographic news, including articles about recent Federal mapping agreements, new publication announcements, notes on the second NCIC coordinating conference, and a cumulative index for the spring 1975 to summer 1977 issues.

U.S. Geological Survey

1977-01-01

99

Information center as a technical institute unifying a user community. [Exemplified by Radiation Shielding Information Center at ORNL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The historical background to the information analysis center concept is presented first. The Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) at ORNL is cited as an example of the information analysis center. RSIC objectives and scope are described, and RSIC's role in unification of the field of shielding is discussed. Some problems in handling information exchange with respect to computer codes are

B. F. Maskewitz; B. McGill; N. A. Hatmaker

1976-01-01

100

National Health Information Center-Health Information Resource Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Health Information Center (NHIC) was created by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 1979. A primary NHIC service is the Health Information Resource Database which "includes 1,400 organizations and government offices that provide health information upon request. Entries include contact information, short abstracts, and information about publication and services the organizations provide." Site visitors can link to the Resource Database search engine with fields for Title, Keyword, City, and State. Visitors can also locate organizations by linking to an extensive, alphabetic keyword list with subject categories for Arthritis, Child Care, HIV, Nutrition, Public Health, and many more.

101

AERIAL OF VISITORS INFORMATION CENTER [VIC] ASTRONAUTS MEMORIAL CONSTRUCTION  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AERIAL OF VISITORS INFORMATION CENTER [VIC] ASTRONAUTS MEMORIAL CONSTRUCTION KSC-391C-0457.05 KSC-391C-457.05, P-19856, ARCHIVE-04462 Aerial view of the Visitor Information Center, KSC. Altitude range from 500' to 2000'.

1991-01-01

102

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed to provide women with authoritative and timely knowledge of a host of womens health issues, the National Womens Health Information Center site (sponsored by the US Department of Health and Human Services) offers a reliable and thorough overview of hundreds of topics and current news briefs. Health topics on the site (which range from abstinence to yellow fever) are alphabetically listed or can also be located by entering keywords. Visitors to the site can also sign up here to receive weekly health tips via email. Along with featuring information on health topics, other issues affecting women are well-represented here, including domestic violence awareness and body image. Also helpful is the fact that the site is also available in Spanish, which will be useful to Spanish-speaking persons and health professionals working with Spanish speakers.

103

Massachusetts State Educational Information Center (SEIC). Final Report. Volume One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project SEIC (State Educational Information Center) was funded to increase the demand for and use of educational information, especially ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) information, and to make more cost effective delivery of information services. To accomplish these goals Project SEIC first assessed the state-of-the-art of…

Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Boston. Bureau of Educational Information Services.

104

Organization and management of the information center: case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides case studies of thirteen St. Louis based information centers. The objectives of the paper are to describe the responsibilities of information center professionals, to identify tools and resources for end user computing, to describe users and user-developed applications, and to identify policies relating to end user application development. The findings reflect the growth of information center resources

Mary Sumner

1985-01-01

105

National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 2  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The publication of this issue has been delayed due to the siren call of annual leave and the general inertia produced by the langorous, if pollution-ridden stillness of deep summer in Northern Virginia. We are introducing a new, more artistic cover design with this issue, courtesy of the Geological Survey's Visual Services group. The Newsletter's inner format is remaining exactly as it was - relentlessly simple, a decision occasioned by budget limitations as well as a personal preference not to spend more of the taxpayer's money than is strictly necessary. Again, we are actively soliciting material from our readers. NCIC was created as a national center for the collection and dissemination of cartographic information. Our Newsletter's only justification for existence is to aid in NCIC's development by keeping the cartographic community of collectors, compilers, users, etc., informed not only of NCIC's activities but theirs as well. To become a successful medium of information exchange we need to hear from you in terms of whatever special interests, programs, products, or cartographic information in general you would like publicized. We are interested in receiving your news for possible publication whether it's postcard size or in manuscript form. (If it's in manuscript form, however, it had better be either extremely relevant or incomparably good.)

U.S. Geological Survey

1975-01-01

106

PACE Center: A Mobile Career Information and Exploration Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative component of the Federally-sponsored Bingham County career education project is the Programed Activities for Career Exploration (PACE) Center, a mobile unit offering programed student activities to assist individual students in career planning. The mobile center visits each high school in the county; the sophomore year is selected as…

Bingham County Career Education, Blackfoot, ID.

107

Stennis Space Center Environmental Geographic Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As NASA's lead center for rocket propulsion testing, the John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) monitors and assesses the off-site impacts of such testing through its Environmental Office (SSC-EO) using acoustical models and ancillary data. The SSC-EO has developed a geographical database, called the SSC Environmental Geographic Information System (SSC-EGIS), that covers an eight-county area bordering the NASA facility. Through the SSC-EGIS, the Enivronmental Office inventories, assesses, and manages the nearly 139,000 acres that comprise Stennis Space Center and its surrounding acoustical buffer zone. The SSC-EGIS contains in-house data as well as a wide range of data obtained from outside sources, including private agencies and local, county, state, and U.S. government agencies. The database comprises cadastral/geodetic, hydrology, infrastructure, geo-political, physical geography, and socio-economic vector and raster layers. The imagery contained in the database is varied, including low-resolution imagery, such as Landsat TM and SPOT; high-resolution imagery, such as IKONOS and AVIRIS; and aerial photographs. The SSC-EGIS has been an integral part of several major projects and the model upon which similar EGIS's will be developed for other NASA facilities. The Corps of Engineers utilized the SSC-EGIS in a plan to establish wetland mitigation sites within the SSC buffer zone. Mississippi State University employed the SSC-EGIS in a preliminary study to evaluate public access points within the buffer zone. The SSC-EO has also expressly used the SSC-EGIS to assess noise pollution modeling, land management/wetland mitigation assessment, environmental hazards mapping, and protected areas mapping for archaeological sites and for threatened and endangered species habitats. The SSC-EO has several active and planned projects that will also make use of the SSC-EGIS during this and the coming fiscal year.

Lovely, Janette; Cohan, Tyrus

2000-01-01

108

National Center for Biotechnology Information: Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) does a number of educational outreach programs, and their tutorials come highly recommended. In the "Web Tutorials" area, visitors will find nine different resources that cover DNA manipulation and the identification of disease genes. A good portion of these materials are collected from publications. Publications include "Comparative Genomics" and other documents, and they are available in their entirety via the "Bookshelf" section of the site. Moving on, the detailed "Problem Sets" are taken from other NCBI publications, and they cover disease genes and 3D protein structures. Finally, the "Video Tutorials" section of the site offers tutorials on how to quickly obtain specific materials from the NCBI website and PubMed.

109

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Women's Health Information Center (NWHIC) is a service of the Office of Women's Health, which was originally established in 1991. Without a doubt, this fine site will be of great interest to health care professionals, educators, and a wide segment of society. Their homepage offers a wide array of helpful resources, divided into topics such as pregnancy and breastfeeding, funding opportunities, and a set of health tools. The health tools area is particularly useful as it offers such resources as ovulation calculator, a BMI calculator, and a heart disease risk test. Visitors to the homepage will also want to look through the day's health news, search their event calendar, and access the most recently updated sections. Finally, a number of these resources are available in Spanish.

110

Domestic Violence and Welfare Policy: Research Findings That Can Inform Policies on Marriage and Child Well-Being. Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserting that the welfare reform proposals of the mid-1990s drew attention to the problem of domestic violence among individuals receiving public assistance who are among the poorest of the poor, this report examines what is known from past research on domestic violence that may inform policies related to marriage and child well-being. In…

Lawrence, Sharmila

111

USDA Food and Nutrition Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nutrition is very important, and coming across high-quality websites on the subject is a real treat. The United States Department of Agriculture created the Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) in 1971, and their work is designed to provide a broad range of resources of nutrition for health professionals, educators, government personnel, and consumers. As with many of the USDA's sites, visitors can perform a full search using the embedded search engine, or use the "I Want To..." area to look up calories or nutrients in a food or ask a question of their resource specialists. First-time visitors should also look at their "Spotlights" section, which includes a special food pyramid for pregnant and nursing moms, the "Healthy Meals" resource system for child nutrition professionals, and food safety information. For those who know more or less what they are looking for, they can take advantage of the subject headings on the left-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find resources on weight and obesity, dietary supplements, dietary guidance, and food labeling.

112

Monmouth Family Center Merger: A Series of Five Research Reports Assessing the Effects of Merging the Family Service Division of the Monmouth County Welfare Board With the Division of Youth and Family Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents five reports that assess the impact of the Monmouth Family Center (MFC), a merger of the county welfare board's family services division with a district office of the New Jersey State Division of Youth and Family Services (DYFS), 5 ...

K. Kessin M. Wickley

1981-01-01

113

Software package as an information center product. [Activities of Argonne Code Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Argonne Code Center serves as a software exchange and information center for the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The goal of the Center's program is to provide a means for sharing of software among agency offices and contractors, and for transferring computing applications and technology, developed within the agencies, to the information-processing community.

1977-01-01

114

78 FR 8149 - Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Evaluation of Children's Bureau's Child Welfare Technical Assistance Implementation Centers and National Child Welfare Resource Centers. OMB No...Cross-Site Evaluation of the Child Welfare Implementation Centers...

2013-02-05

115

78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction...

2013-12-24

116

Marketing the Products and Services of Information Analysis Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information analysis centers must perform the function of evaluation as well as compilation, in order to generate products and services with increased utility and user acceptance. These centers must also perform a dual role as wholesaler and retailer. The...

W. H. Koch W. Grattidge

1971-01-01

117

The successful information center: what does it take?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of end-user computing is one of the most important trends in information systems today. Organizations are increasingly turning to information centers to facilitate and coordinate these activities. This paper reports the results of a field survey of information center managers. It attempts to identify major successes and problems that are faced by these managers. It also aims to

Robert L. Leitheiser; James C Wetherbe

1985-01-01

118

The Micro Revolution and Information Analysis Centers: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts experiences of the Carbon Dioxide Information Center, a technical information analysis center at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which has utilized a microcomputer for exchange of automated bibliographic references. Procedures and problems in adding microcomputer information to mainframe databases are noted and other microcomputer…

Pfuderer, H. A.; Allison, L. J.

1985-01-01

119

Summary of Needs Assessment: A Review of Child Welfare Service Information Needs and a Discussion of Selected Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Report on Information Needs Assessment, on which this summary is based, had two purposes: to serve as background and resource information for The National Center for Child Advocacy of the Children's Bureau and to aid the Bureau in identifying prime issues that could be studied. A research panel composed of three specialists actively engaged in…

Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Co., Washington, DC.

120

Distinguishing Panics and Information-Based Bank Runs: Welfare and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors contrast panics and information-based bank runs in an effort to provide a robust and empirically plausib le model of how bank runs are triggered. The model of information-bas ed runs is characterized by two-sided asymmetric information: the ban k cannot observe the true liquidity needs of the depositors while dep ositors are asymmetrically informed about

Charles J. Jacklin; Sudipto Bhattacharya

1988-01-01

121

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. 40.5 Section 40...Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized access...Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2013-04-01

122

Toward a Psychological Operations Information and Analysis Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The concept of an information and analysis center is explored in which information about psychological operations missions, influence processes, and traditions and behavioral patterns of recipient peoples can be brought together for use in solving operati...

A. Jenny

1966-01-01

123

RSIC (Radiation Shielding Information Center) after 25 years: Challenges and opportunities. [Radiation Shielding Information Center  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) observed its 25th year in operation in 1987. During that time numerous changes have occurred in the government programs that sponsor RSIC and in the radiation transport community which it serves. The continued need for RSIC is evident from the steady volume of requests and interactions with the user community. It is a continual challenge to adjust and adapt our operation to respond to the demands placed on RSIC by sponsors and users. Cooperation between sponsors, users, and the RSIC staff is the key to keeping RSIC as the focus of activities in the international radiation transport community. 7 refs.

Roussin, R.W.; Maskewitz, B.F.; Trubey, D.K.

1988-01-01

124

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide or Tribal automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN...expenditures related to the planning, design, development and installation of a statewide or...

2013-10-01

125

Sexual Abuse Histories of Youth in Child Welfare Residential Treatment Centers: Analysis of the Odyssey Project Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multi-site examination of sexual abuse histories of youth in residential treatment centers asked, for the sample as a whole and by youth's gender: (a) How many perpetrators did each youth have? (b) What was the gender of the perpetrator? (c) What proportion of youth was abused by family members? (d) What proportion of youth was abused in a…

Baker, Amy J. L.; Curtis, Patrick A.; Papa-Lentini, Cynthia

2006-01-01

126

75 FR 45600 - Information Collection; Customer Data Worksheet Request for Service Center Information Management...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Customer Data Worksheet Request for Service Center Information Management System (SCIMS) Record Changes AGENCY: Farm...Customer Data Worksheet Request for Service Center Information Management System (SCIMS) that contains the...

2010-08-03

127

Annual Report of the Metals and Ceramics Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DoD, in 1955 established the Titanium Metallurgical Laboratory at Battelle-Columbus, expanding the scope and changing the name to Defense Metals Information Center in 1958. The Defense Ceramic Information Center was assigned to Battelle in 1967. The t...

H. D. Moran J. F. Lynch

1973-01-01

128

Integrating PC's into the information center (session overview)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the concept of the Information Center was developed at IBM Canada in 1976, it has often raised as many questions as it answered. As originally conceived, the Information Center was to provide training, support, and data access to selected members of the user community so that they could develop idiosyncratic applications or produce new one-time reports. The goal was

Norman E. Sondak

1985-01-01

129

ICE: information center expert: a consultation system for resource allocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates the viability of a rule-based consultation system as a mechanism for effective resource management through integration of knowledge about users, business problems, and resources. The specific domain within which the expert system will be tested is the Information Center (IC), which deals with end-user computing resources. In the last decade, the information center concept has been proposed

Mari M. Heltne; Ajay S. Vinze; Benn R. Konsynski; Jay F. Nunamaker Jr.

1988-01-01

130

An examination of information center implementation and impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of the Information Center was developed by IBM in 1976 in response to the large backlogs in applications development facing data processing departments. The concept called for a new degree of cooperation and mutual support between the end user and the data processing department. Under the Information Center concept, the end users were to assume a far greater

Norman E. Sondak; Madelyn C. Phillips

1985-01-01

131

A consultation system for information center resource allocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates the viability of a rule-based consultation system as a mechanism for effective resource management through integration of knowledge about users, business problems, and resources. The specific domain within which the expert system will be tested is the Information Center (IC), which deals with end-user computing resources. In the last decade, the information center concept has been proposed

Mari M. Heltne; Ajay S. Vinze; Benn R. Konsynski; Jay F Nunamaker Jr.

1987-01-01

132

Creating a Virtual Information Center for Industrial Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to propose a layout of an on-line information center for industrial design. Based upon literature review, the major component was revealed. The design information center should be a multimedia database which was designed to support the activities of industrial product designers globally. In this study, user data services were created. The multimedia data types,

MANLAI YOU; LI-MIN CHEN; LUNG-HSING KUO; HUNG-JEN YANG; HSIEH-HUA YANG; JUI-CHEN YU

133

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

134

Report on Defense Ceramic Information Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Responsibility for operating DCIC was assigned to Battelle in May 1967. This report tells of accomplishments during the first two years of the assignment. The mission, scope and operational standards of the Center are defined, and the report describes the...

W. H. Duckworth

1969-01-01

135

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

136

National Space Science Data Center Information Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) was established by NASA in 1964 to provide for the preservation and dissemination of scientific data from NASA missions. It has evolved to support distributed, active archives that were established in the Planetary, Astrophysics, and Heliophysics disciplines through a series of Memoranda of Understanding. The disciplines took over responsibility for working with new projects to acquire and distribute data for community researchers while the NSSDC remained vital as a deep archive. Since 2000, NSSDC has been using the Archive Information Package to preserve data over the long term. As part of its effort to streamline the ingest of data into the deep archive, the NSSDC developed and implemented a data model of desired and required metadata in XML. This process, in use for roughly five years now, has been successfully used to support the identification and ingest of data into the NSSDC archive, most notably those data from the Planetary Data System (PDS) submitted under PDS3. A series of software packages (X-ware) were developed to handle the submission of data from the PDS nodes utilizing a volume structure. An XML submission manifest is generated at the PDS provider site prior to delivery to NSSDC. The manifest ensures the fidelity of PDS data delivered to NSSDC. Preservation metadata is captured in an XML object when NSSDC archives the data. With the recent adoption by the PDS of the XML-based PDS4 data model, there is an opportunity for the NSSDC to provide additional services to the PDS such as the preservation, tracking, and restoration of individual products (e.g., a specific data file or document), which was unfeasible in the previous PDS3 system. The NSSDC is modifying and further streamlining its data ingest process to take advantage of the PDS4 model, an important consideration given the ever-increasing amount of data being generated and archived by orbiting missions at the Moon and Mars, other active projects such as BRRISON, LADEE, MAVEN, INSIGHT, OSIRIS-REX and ground-based observatories. Streamlining the ingest process also benefits the continued processing of PDS3 data. We will report on our progress and status.

Bell, E. V.; McCaslin, P.; Grayzeck, E.; McLaughlin, S. A.; Kodis, J. M.; Morgan, T. H.; Williams, D. R.; Russell, J. L.

2013-12-01

137

The Management of Information Analysis Centers: Proceedings of a Forum Sponsored by the COSATI Panel on Information Analysis Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers given at the May 17-19, 1971 forum on Management of Information Analysis Centers held at the National Bureau of Standards in Gaithersburg, Md. are presented in four sessions separated by topic. Besides the welcoming remarks and the keynote address, session 1 contains three general papers on information analysis centers and automatic…

Smith, William A., Ed.

138

Center for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The prototype AIDS patent library is a system designed by MCNC's Clearinghouse for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval (CNIDR) for the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) and will serve as a model for storing and disseminating government and other public documents in the future. The system uses CNIDR-developed information retrieval software and supports direct access to patents through a variety of popular network information services such as Z39.50, World Wide Web and electronic mail.

1994-01-01

139

Legal Issues for an Integrated Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to collect, store, retrieve, and combine information in computerized databases has magnified the potential for misuse of information. Laws have begun to deal with these new threats by expanding rights of privacy, copyright, misrepresentation, products liability, and defamation. Laws regarding computerized databases are certain to…

Rees, Warren; And Others

1991-01-01

140

National Center for Standards and Certification Information: Service and programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) provides information on U.S., foreign and international voluntary standards, government regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. The Center serves as a referral service and focal point in the United States for information on standards and standards-related information. NCSCI staff respond to inquiries, maintain a reference collection of standards and standards-related documents, and serve as the U.S. inquiry point for information to and from foreign countries.

Overman, Joanne

1994-01-01

141

ERIC Directory of Education-Related Information Centers, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory is designed to help users identify information centers in education and related fields that can provide up-to-date information. It includes both federally and privately funded organizations that provide services and products such as: reference and referral; online searches; publications; information dissemination; technical…

Heeg, Michael, Ed.; Taheri, Belinda, Ed.

142

Library Centers: Teaching Information Literacy, Skills, and Processes: K-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the centers approach to resource-based learning, this book incorporates important information skill-building into a variety of exciting learning opportunities across the curriculum. It provides an ongoing library center program through a series of mini-lessons that cover topics ranging from author exploration and natural resources to rockets…

Sykes, Judith A.

143

Parent Child Center Program Management Information System. User's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes procedures for collecting, recording, and reporting in a uniform, timely manner critical information necessary to the making of key management decisions for parent child centers as well as for the parent child center program. The first section describes recommended data collection and recordkeeping procedures for such…

Warner, Donna D.; And Others

144

School Media Centers as Instructional Resources. The Informed Educator Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the most effective schools, the potential for positive impact of the school library media center and the library media specialist is recognized, and teachers and media specialists work together routinely to support teaching and learning. This "Informed Educator" examines both the elements of an effective school library media center and the…

Molineaux, Rebecca

2007-01-01

145

News Note: NCI Awards Cancer Information Service Contact Center  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute announced yesterday the selection of a single organization for a multiple year contract award to operate its Cancer Information Service (CIS) Contact Center. The program will be located at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Wash., and will serve the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S.-associated Pacific Territories.

146

Community coordination and information centers during the Persian Gulf war.  

PubMed

During a time of crisis, community information centers provide valuable data to the public and help to avoid confusion and misinformation. During the Persian Gulf war, Kupat Holim (sick fund of the General Federation of Labor) established a national casualty information center in Tel Aviv as well as numerous coordination and information centers throughout the country, which included district, geriatric, psychological and emergency centers, as well as one for new immigrants. These centers had not been planned in advance, but because of the obvious need, they were established in the few months prior to the outbreak of the war and during the war itself. The locations of the centers were publicized through the media. In this article we report on the different centers and their activities, and additional community measures are described. The plan of establishing information centers throughout the country proved itself a vital necessity and will be incorporated in future Kupat Holim plans for war or any other emergency situation. PMID:1757249

Sachs, Z; Danon, Y L; Dycian, R; Shapiro, Y

1991-01-01

147

23 CFR 752.7 - Information centers and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 752.7 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT LANDSCAPE AND ROADSIDE DEVELOPMENT § 752.7 Information centers and systems. (a) The State may establish at...

2013-04-01

148

Laboratory Information Analysis within the Russian Center for Technological Diagnostics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report, we examine the technical parameters for the design and implementation of a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) within the Center for Technological Diagnostics (CTD) in St. Petersburg Russia. The LIMS is composed of two main dat...

J. M. Masuch

2004-01-01

149

Scientific and Technical Information Output of the Langley Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center produced during the calendar year 1983 is compiled. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and other Public...

1984-01-01

150

Aquaculture Network Information Center (AquaNIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Links to national and international level electronic resources for aquaculture information including: scientific institutions, agencies, industries, news, newsletters, job listings, discussion groups, courses, species, publications, and commercial products. Goals include: providing self-paced aquaculture instruction to the aquaculture industry, and obtaining user input in directing AquaNIC services. A version in Spanish is being prepared.

151

National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 4  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Last week, the editor of this publication was told to start signing the introduction. Something to do with credit given for work done. We look at it in the unfortunate light of accountability; our days under the bushel of anonymity are over. Speaking of accountability, it's about time we gave some recognition to the Newsletter's unknowing progenitor, John Wright, of the British Directorate of Overseas Surveys. Editorially and stylistically, the NCIC Newsletter owes him a large debt. Last month we received a suggestion from a reader that the Newsletter begin consistently listing prices for new products. In the publishing business, however, there is an infallible law of inflation prices increase as soon as they appear in print. We do try to quote exact prices where possible, and as our reader suggested, ballpark figures when we have to. In nearly all cases, additional information is available either by contacting the addresses listed in the article or indexed in the back or by calling NCIC's User Services Section. Numerous bits and pieces of information make up the bulk of this issue. Among them are the possibility of the Geological Survey issuing readable indexes to available topographic maps, the development of an NCIC classification system for U.S. cartographic data, and information on the publication of prototype topographic-bathymetric maps. Lastly, here is our quarterly solicitation for suggestions, comments, criticism, notes, and information for publication. Call it your bicentennial contribution to participatory democracy.

U.S. Geological Survey

1976-01-01

152

Interactive Media Center: Digital Image Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Confused by how to get better photos with your digital camera? Intrigued by the thought of learning more about Photoshop? The fine folks at the Interactive Media Center at the State University of New York, University of Albany cover these topics (and many more) on this site. The materials here were originally created to assist students at the university, but they are now available for the general public as well. There are over two dozen mini-tutorials here, and they include "Photoshop CS4: Basic Tips & Tricks," "Create Text Filled with a Photograph in Photoshop," and "Ten Tips for Using Images on the Web." There are also a number of "See It In Action" interactive demonstrations that show interested parties how to use the Photoshop crop tool and how to reset photo resolutions on Photoshop for printing.

Lipera, Roger

153

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized...Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement sensitive and can...of information. NCIC criminal history record information shall...

2010-04-01

154

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized...Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement sensitive and can...of information. NCIC criminal history record information shall...

2009-04-01

155

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

156

National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 1  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This is the first of what we hope will become a continuing series of quarterly NCIC newsletters. You, the reader, are encouraged to make comments, offer praise or criticism as the occasion warrants, send in suggestions, and contribute information or articles. In this issue, we plan to present information on NCIC's operating concepts, systems, and data base and several data acquisition notes. We also have a few words on our future plans along with a brief article on our current microfilming program and a general organizational chart designed to introduce our key personnel. We realize that with such a large amount of basically introductory material our first issue is going to be a bit on the heavy side. Bear with us now and we promise a more traditional format with a lighter editorial touch in the future.

U.S. Geological Survey

1975-01-01

157

National Cartographic Information Center Newsletter No. 3  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Bill Overstreet, this year's president of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, wrote us a brief note of guidance after the first issue of the NCIC Newsletter. In it, he cautioned us, among other things, not to get tied down to a strict publishing schedule. "Publish as information becomes available," he advised. Since we had originally planned to print a Newsletter every March, June, September, and December but have actually gone to press in March, September, and now November, we have decided that he has something there. Accordingly we have shifted to a less confining printing schedule of winter, spring, summer, and fall. A little leeway, so to speak, is being built in. An encouraging number of Federal and State agencies, private companies, and individuals have started contributing to the Newsletter. We no longer feel like a soliciting voice in the wilderness. Keep sending in news; any and all cartographically related information will be welcomed for possible publication. If your news did not appear in this issue, rest assured it's in the file for future consideration. Incidentally, by-lines will be appearing on contributions. With this issue we're starting a section that will profile a different cartographic organization each season. The Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, its historical background, collections, resources, and services is the first such profile.

U.S. Geological Survey

1975-01-01

158

Social Work Information Center 2.0: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social work library at USC provides a case study of an academic library's transition to an information center service model. Analysis of the collection, user community, Web 2.0 applications, and Web usage data demonstrates how the changes facilitated library services and information literacy instruction. (Contains 6 tables and 3 figures.)

Xu, F. Grace

2009-01-01

159

CLICK: USGS Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the the USGS clearing house for LiDAR data and information. The goal of Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge (CLICK) is to facilitate data access, user coordination and education of lidar remote sensing for scientific needs.

Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge (CLICK); part of USGS

160

The evolution of information centers: a stage hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information centers (IC) have undergone numerous changes since they were first created to facilitate and control end-use computing. Today, ICs have evolved to play a significant role in an organization's computing activities. As such, the function and management of ICs are of major concern to information systems (IS) executives. The evolving nature of the IC, however, constrains these IS executives

Simha R. Magal

1989-01-01

161

Interactive indexing-editing system for DOE Technical Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system to provide computer assisted aids to document indexing for the Department of Energy Technical Information Center Energy Information Data Base is being developed. The goal is to allow more efficient processing of documents and document surrogates by using interactive computer techniques rather than the current combination of manual indexing and batch computer processing. It draws on automatic indexing

B. A. Cerny; J. D. Lawrence

1982-01-01

162

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2010-01-01

163

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

... false Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2014-01-01

164

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... true Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2011-01-01

165

Making Your Career Information Center Work. Careful Planning Helps Students Get the Career Information They Need.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the steps necessary to establish a career information center (CIC). Indicates that a successful CIC is testimony that the school endorses students' needs for occupational and career information. (JOW)

Brown, Duane

1992-01-01

166

Operation of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major operational areas of the COSMIC center are described. Quantitative data on the software submittals, program verification, and evaluation are presented. The dissemination activities are summarized. Customer services and marketing activities of the center for the calendar year are described. Those activities devoted to the maintenance and support of selected programs are described. A Customer Information system, the COSMIC Abstract Recording System Project, and the COSMIC Microfiche Project are summarized. Operational cost data are summarized.

1983-01-01

167

Drivers for animal welfare policies in Europe.  

PubMed

The European region has been, and remains, a global leader in the development of animal welfare policies. The region has a great diversity of cultures and religions, different levels of socio-economic development, and varied legislation, policies and practices. Nevertheless, there are common drivers for animal welfare policy based on a history of animal welfare ethics and obligations to animal users and society in general. A unifying goal of countries in the region is to achieve sustainable compliance with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) standards on animal health and welfare. Ethics isthe overarching driver, supported by the actions of governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental activities, markets and trade, science and knowledge. Historically, organisations involved in promoting animal welfare have tended to act in isolation. For example, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have run campaigns to influence retailers and the welfare policies of their farmer suppliers. Increasingly, different organisations with common or complementary goals are working together. For example, competent authorities, inter-governmental bodies and NGOs have combined their efforts to address dog population control across several countries in the region. Also, animal welfare is becoming integrated into the corporate social responsibility targets of private companies. Science and knowledge, as drivers and tools, are assisting with the harmonisation of welfare standards, e.g. by providing a common basis for measuring welfare impacts through animal-based measures and widespread sharing of this information. Current trends suggest that there will be greater collaboration among the organisations driving change, and increasing convergence of animal welfare strategies and welfare assessment tools. The result will be increased harmonisation of animal welfare standards throughout the region. PMID:25000776

Dalla Villa, P; Matthews, L R; Alessandrini, B; Messori, S; Migliorati, G

2014-04-01

168

Food insecurity among psychiatric patients and welfare clients in Israel.  

PubMed

Background: Twenty-two percent of households in Israel experience food insecurity, and it is especially widespread in socio-economically distressed strata. Although their low socio-economic status renders psychiatric patients at risk for food insecurity, this issue has thus far been ignored in both practice and research. Objective: To explore food insecurity among psychiatric patients in comparison with welfare-services clients in order to raise awareness of food insecurity in this population. Method: 114 respondents were recruited from among patients admitted to the emergency room and hospitalized in a mental health center in Beer Sheva; 555 respondents were recruited from among low-income clients of welfare service agencies in the Beer Sheva area. All respondents were surveyed with a self-report questionnaire and with the Food Security Core Survey Module (FSCSM). Results: Forty percent of psychiatric patients and 59% of welfare-services clients reported food insecurity. The use of formal and informal support systems was lower among food-insecure psychiatric patients than among food-insecure welfare clients. Conclusions: Psychiatric patients appear to be a risk population for food insecurity; therefore planned interventions and specific food programs are called for. PMID:24622478

Kaufman, Roni; Mirsky, Julia; Witztum, Eliezer; Grisaru, Nimrod

2013-01-01

169

Manufacturing Technology Information Analysis Center: Knowledge is strength  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Center's primary function is to facilitate technology transfer within DoD, other government agencies and industry. The DoD has recognized the importance of technology transfer, not only to support specific weapon system manufacture, but to strengthen the industrial base that sustains DoD. MTIAC uses an experienced technical staff of engineers and information specialists to acquire, analyze, and disseminate technical information. Besides ManTech project data, MTIAC collects manufacturing technology from other government agencies, commercial publications, proceedings, and various international sources. MTIAC has various means of disseminating this information. Much of the technical data is on user accessible data bases. The Center researches and writes a number of technical reports each year and publishes a newsletter monthly. Customized research is performed in response to specific inquiries from government and industry. MTIAC serves as a link between Government and Industry to strengthen the manufacturing technology base through the dissemination of advanced manufacturing information.

Safar, Michal

1992-01-01

170

The National Library of Medicine's Disaster Information Management Research Center.  

PubMed

The Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC) develops and provides access to health information resources and technology for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. DIMRC focuses on maintaining access to health information at all phases of disasters, developing innovative products and services for emergency personnel, conducting research to support disaster health information management, and collaborating with other agencies and communities. Several tools are available to help emergency responders in hazardous materials or chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incidents. Access to the literature is made available through PubMed and the Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, with links to online documents and resources from numerous organizations and government agencies. In addition, DIMRC supports the Disaster Information Specialist Program, a collaborative effort to explore and promote the role of librarians and information specialists in the provision of disaster-related information resources to the workforce and communities. PMID:24380078

Phillips, Steven J

2013-01-01

171

User-Centered Agents for Structured Information Location  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper designs an electronic commerce system that integrates conventional electronic commerce services with contemporary\\u000a WWW advantages, such as comprehensive coverage and agents for information search and selection. We use a user-centered approach\\u000a and apply data mining techniques in the design of agents for information search and selection. There are various agents in\\u000a this electronic commerce system to perform different

Xindong Wu; Daniel Ngu; Sameer S. Pradhan

2001-01-01

172

Quantum information processing and metrology with color centers in diamonds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) center is becoming a promising qubit for quantum information processing. The defect has a long coherence time at room temperature and it allows spin state initialized and read out by laser and manipulated by microwave pulses. It has been utilized as a ultra sensitive probe for magnetic fields and remote spins as well. Here, we review the recent progresses in experimental demonstrations based on NV centers. We first introduce our work on implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm with a single electronic spin in diamond. Then the quantum nature of the bath around the center spin is revealed and continuous wave dynamical decoupling has been demonstrated. By applying dynamical decoupling, a multi-pass quantum metrology protocol is realized to enhance phase estimation. In the final, we demonstrated NV center can be regarded as a ultra-sensitive sensor spin to implement nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging at nanoscale.

Zhou, Jing-Wei; Wang, Peng-Fei; Shi, Fa-Zhan; Huang, Pu; Kong, Xi; Xu, Xiang-Kun; Zhang, Qi; Wang, Zi-Xiang; Rong, Xing; Du, Jiang-Feng

2014-05-01

173

Laboratory Animal Welfare Supplement IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fourth supplement to a 1984 bibliography on laboratory animal welfare. Items presented were selected because they represent some of the most significant of those providing recent information or because they were considered useful. The period covered is October, 1986 through October, 1987. Monographs, conference proceedings,…

Gluckstein, Fritz P., Comp.

174

CEC and the Development of a Professional Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed is the historical background of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), and described are the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system and CEC's literature collection entitled "Exceptional Child Education Resources" (ECER). Plans for the Council's future, including the development of its own computer system for…

Geer, William C.

175

MOD control center automated information systems security evolution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of the technology infusion process in future Control Center Automated Information Systems (AIS) is highlighted. The following subject areas are presented in the form of the viewgraphs: goals, background, threat, MOD's AISS program, TQM, SDLC integration, payback, future challenges, and bottom line.

Owen, Rich

1991-01-01

176

Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) File Partition Study: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to provide the National Center for Educational Communication (NCE) with information that could be useful in making the ERIC data base more relevant to the needs of educators and more efficiently usable by them is discussed. Specific purposes of this project were to use an empirical field-survey study as an armature around which to: (1)…

Hull, Cynthia C.; Wanger, Judith

177

Network Based Information Sharing Between Emergency Operations Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

To respond effectively to major incidents, such as terrorist acts and natural disasters, emergency operation centers (EOC) must rely on collaboration and information sharing between multiple agencies and jurisdictions. However, local jurisdictions and states throughout the Nation find it difficult to share data and implement processes that span the different systems and organizations responsible for unified incident response. For example,

Richard Chipman; R. Wuerfel

2008-01-01

178

Training aspects of microcomputer usage in the information center environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some of the issues, concerns and problems associated with training microcomputer users within an information center environment. The increasing use of microcomputer systems\\/personnel computers (PC's) in organizations are expected to continue for the forseeable future. The lowered cost, and higher performance of these small desk top systems as workstations, and more available user software programs will result

George N. Arnovick; Orlando S. Madrigal

1985-01-01

179

Collective Memory Search: Exploiting an Information Center for Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complex group behavior arises in social insects colonies as the integrationof the actions of simple and redundant individual insects [ Adlerand Gordon, 1992, Oster and Wilson, 1978 ] . Furthermore, the colonycan act as an information center to expedite foraging [ Brown, 1989 ] .We apply these lessons from natural systems to model collective actionand memory in a computational agent

Thomas Haynes

1997-01-01

180

PROLOG applications for database design with the information center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The feasibility of PROLOG use on micropromputers and in the Information Center environment is examined. PROLOG is shown to be well suited for such use because of its simplicity and power. Different PROLOG applications on microcomputers are investigated. It is shown that PROLOG is specially indicated for database design and processing. In particular. PROLOG can effectively perform the functions of

Alexis Koster

1985-01-01

181

Antecedents and consequences of job satifaction among information center employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the great need to determinants and consequences understand the of lob satisfaction for Information Center (IC) personnel; very little has been published in this area. This study explores the antecedents and consequences of job satisfaction for IC employees. Five components of job satisfaction: work, supervision, co-workers, pay, and promotion, were examined besides overall job satisfaction. Two stress variables: role

Magid Igbaria; Tor Guimaraes

1992-01-01

182

Directory of Urban Affairs Information and Research Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory of urban affairs information and research centers seeks to bring to the attention of urban researchers those organizations, agencies, and institutions which are actively involved in the eradication of current urban ills. Although most of the urban interest groups listed are research oriented, a great many are directly involved in…

Winston, Eric V. A., Comp.

183

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center produced during the calendar year 1983 is compiled. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and other Publications, Meeting Presentations, Technical Talks, Computer Programs, Tech Briefs, and Patents.

1984-01-01

184

Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

2012-10-25

185

Community Information and Services Centers: Concepts for Activation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental program based on a study by the Department of Housing and Urban Development was activated to deliver services to urban residents via automated communications technology. Designed to contribute to improvement in the quality of life, the program of a Community Information and Services Center (CISC) included: outreach programs, i.e.,…

Hopkins, Cleve

186

The Plant Information Center (PIC): A Web-Based Learning Center for Botanical Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Plant Information Center (PIC) is a project funded under the Institute of Museum and Library Studies that aims to provide global access to both primary and secondary botanical resources via the World Wide Web. Central to the project is the development and employment of a series of applications that facilitate resource discovery, interactive…

Greenberg, J.; Daniel, E.; Massey, J.; White, P.

187

Nash social welfare orderings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers the problem of description of social welfare orderings (SWOs) on the entire utility (Euclidean) space Rn satisfying Scale Independence. These orderings and the functions representing them are called the Nash social welfare orderings and the Nash social welfare functions (SWFs), respectively. The more properties of the SWOs into consideration are Strong Pareto and two variants of weakening

Natalia Naumova; Elena Yanovskaya

2001-01-01

188

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases Fiscal Year 2000 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which includes the World Data Center (WDC) for Atmospheric Trace Gases, is the primary global change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an arc...

R. M. Cushman

2001-01-01

189

The Status of Federal Libraries and Information Centers in the United States: Results from the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. Statistical Analysis Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The data collected through the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey present a picture of federal libraries and information centers that provide a wide variety of services to their respective agencies as well as to the general public. Federal libraries and information centers reported holding over 51 million volumes or volume…

Hawkins, Evelyn F.; Rossi, Robert J.

190

Department of Agriculture's Animal Welfare Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Under the Animal Welfare Act, the Department of Agriculture inspects sites that handle certain warm-blooded animals to ensure their humane care and treatment. GAO obtained information in six states on (1) training and guidance given to Agriculture's inspe...

1985-01-01

191

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

1996-01-01

192

An Assessment of Social Welfare in Spain: Territorial Analysis Using a Synthetic Welfare Indicator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is measure social welfare in Spanish provinces. To achieve this, we use the distance method P[subscript 2] to compose a synthetic indicator of welfare for 2007, the last year for which data are available. The index comprises information on different social indicators from various life domains and enables a classification of…

Espina, Pilar Zarzosa; Arechavala, Noelia Somarriba

2013-01-01

193

Educators benefit from energy information centers at nuclear plant sites  

SciTech Connect

While issues like dry storage, low-level waste storage, radiation, and license extension are projects with a technical perspective that need to be planned and executed at nuclear power plants, more difficult is the political perspective-gaining public acceptance to allow these projects to proceed. And public perception is predicated on the way plant neighbors and community members understand, accept, and trust the plants. Community educators are a key audience. Annually, U.S. information centers host about one million visitors; roughly half of them are school children who will soon join the ranks of voters, taxpayers, utility customers, and employees. Programs for educators and their classes vary from tours of centers that include computer games and video programs on energy-related topics to audio-visual presentations by center personnel. Some facilities have environmental activities such as hatcheries or nature trails, while others offer plant tours to specific age groups.

Krcma-Olson, L. [Wisconsin Electric, Two Rivers, WI (United States)

1994-12-31

194

Performance of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) provides information and data resources in support of the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program. CDIAC also serves as a resource of global change information for a broader international commonly of researchers, policymakers, managers, educators, and students. The number of requests for CDIAC`s data products, information services, and publications has grown over the years and represents multidisciplinary interests in the physical, life, and social sciences and from diverse work settings in government, business, and academia. CDIAC`s staff addresses thousands of requests yearly for data and information resources. In response to these requests, CDIAC has distributed tens of thousands of data products, technical reports, newsletters, and other information resources worldwide since 1982. This paper describes CDIAC, examines CDIAC`s user community, and describes CDIAC`s response to requests for information. The CDIAC Information System, which serves as a comprehensive PC-based inventory and information management tracking system, is also described.

Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Environment, Energy, and Resources Center; Jones, S.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-11-01

195

The Center for International Earth Science Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The very productive Earth Institute at Columbia University has a number of centers within its ambit, including The Center for International Earth Science. Their specialty happens to be on-line data and information management, along with spatial data integration and training and interdisciplinary research related to human interactions in the environment. From their homepage, visitors can learn more about some of their programs and projects, which include "Geoinformatics for Geochemistry" and their collection of climate change resources for the New York metropolitan area. Most users will also want to take a look at the "Educational Resources" area, as it contains information sheets that provide overviews of their online data resources, which include a wetlands database and thematic guides to human dimensions of global environmental change.

196

US Department of Energy Coordination and Information Center  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Coordination and Information Center (CIC) is to provide information relating to fallout from nuclear weapons tests. The CIC's information collection includes: 1)data and documentation on the detection and measurement of radioactive fallout and related factors resulting from U.S. nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site, the Trinity test in New Mexico, the Pacific Proving Grounds, and other on-continent test locations; 2)policy documents on conducting nuclear tests and public safety; 3)documents describing the state-of-knowledge of biological effects of radiation; 4)documents on public information, such as AEC news releases, newspaper, magazine, and journal articles; and 5)related scientific and technical studies and reports concerning nuclear tests. Each document in the CIC collection is entered into a bibliographic data base which is searchable by CIC staff members.

Not Available

1988-01-01

197

National Center for Biotechnology Information: PubChem Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), "PubChem contains the chemical structures of small organic molecules and information on their biological activities. It is intended to support the Molecular Libraries and Imaging component of the NIH Roadmap Initiative." PubChem users can search the chemical structure database by chemical properties, structural similarity, and descriptive terms. PubChem utilizes three connected databases--PubChem Compound, PubChem Substance, and PubChem BioAssay--all of which operate inside the Entrez/PubMed information retrieval system. In addition, the site offers the PubChem Structure Search tool for quick similarity searches. The site also links to contact information for the Structure Group research staff, and selected online publications.

198

Stanford University: Center for the Study of Language and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) "is devoted to research in the emerging science of information, computing, and cognition." This "new science" is an interdisciplinary project that developed through a shared interest among computer scientists, linguists, logicians, philosophers, psychologists, and artificial intelligence researchers "in how agents, whether biological or artificial, acquire, process, and convey information." The Center, initiated by researchers from Stanford, SRI International, and Xerox PARC, now also collaborates with researchers from other universities, laboratories, and companies around the world. The website provides information on projects from the Interface Laboratory and the Research in the Cognitive Sciences program. Projects from the Interface Laboratory "constitute a concerted effort at CSLI to address human/computer interface problems emerging in the world of telecommunications, information processing, and consumer electronics." Research in the Cognitive Sciences program addresses interdisciplinary projects that cover a range of topics in computer science, linguistics, logic and semantics, philosophy, psychology, and education. The Publications section includes proceedings from annual conferences, a few older technical reports, and a one-page summary of all publications, including several books available for purchase.

199

Nuclear Regulatory Commission programs are supported by the technology resources of the Engineering Physics Information Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Engineering Physics Information Centers (EPIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have two activities which support NRC Programs, the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) and the Technical Data Management Center (TDMC). The older of the two, RSIC, was established in 1963 as an Information Analysis Center in the general field of radiation shielding, transport, and protection. It has multiple agency

N. A. Hatmaker; R. W. Roussin; J. E. White

1986-01-01

200

Improving Literature Searching in a Technical Information Center, an Internship and a Staff Improvement Course at the Owens-Illinois Technical Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff improvement course was developed by an intern at the technical information center (TIC) at Owens-Illinois, Inc. (O-I). First an analysis was made of the information center itself--its goals, services, literature search procedures, information sources, and the function of the information representative-analysts. Next a comparison was made…

Terbille, Charles I.

201

77 FR 20887 - Proposed Information Collection (National Acquisition Center Customer Response Survey) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Acquisition Center Customer Response Survey) Activity...information needed to measure customer satisfaction with delivered products and services...National Acquisition Center Customer Response Survey, VA Form...

2012-04-06

202

Animal welfare: concepts and measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The term “welfare” refers to the state of an individual in relation to its environment, and this can be measured. Both failure to cope with the environment and difficulty in coping are indicators of poor welfare. Suffering and poor welfare often occur together, but welfare can be poor without suffering and welfare should not be defined solely in terms

D. M. Broom

1991-01-01

203

[Reducing fragmentation in the care of frail older people: the successful development and implementation of the Health and Welfare Information Portal].  

PubMed

Our fragmented health care systems are insufficiently equipped to provide frail older people with high quality of care. Therefore, we developed the Health and Welfare Information Portal (ZWIP), an e-health intervention which aims (1) to facilitate self-management by frail older people and informal caregivers and (2) to improve collaboration among professionals. The ZWIP is a personal conference table, accessible through a secure internet connection, for multidisciplinary communication and information exchange for frail older people, their informal caregivers and professionals. After development, the ZWIP was implemented in seven general practices, and this process was evaluated by means of a mixed-methods study. Eventually, 290 frail older people and 169 professionals participated in the ZWIP. Most professionals were positive about its implementation. Facilitators for the implementation were the experienced need for improvement of interprofessional collaboration and the user-friendliness of the ZWIP. Barriers were the low computer-literacy of frail older people, start-up problems, preferring personal contact, and limited use of the ZWIP by other professionals. In sum, this article describes the successful development and implementation of the ZWIP, an e-health intervention which can reduce fragmentation in the care of frail older people. PMID:23494689

Robben, S H M; Heinen, M M; Makai, P; Olde Rikkert, M G M; Perry, M; Schers, H J; Melis, R J F

2013-04-01

204

Generalized bibliographic format as used by the Ecological Sciences Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for the preparation of computer input for the information programs being developed by the Ecological Sciences Information Center (ESIC)\\/Information Center Complex (ICC) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Through the use of a generalized system, the data of all the centers of ICC are compatible. Literature included in an information

L. J. Allison; H. A. Pfuderer; B. N. Collier

1979-01-01

205

Actions Needed to Ensure Scientific and Technical Information is Adequately Reviewed at Goddard Space Flight Center, Johnson Space Center, Langley Research Center, and Marshall Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This audit was initiated in response to a hotline complaint regarding the review, approval, and release of scientific and technical information (STI) at Johnson Space Center. The complainant alleged that Johnson personnel conducting export control reviews of STI were not fully qualified to conduct those reviews and that the reviews often did not occur until after the STI had been publicly released. NASA guidance requires that STI, defined as the results of basic and applied scientific, technical, and related engineering research and development, undergo certain reviews prior to being released outside of NASA or to audiences that include foreign nationals. The process includes technical, national security, export control, copyright, and trade secret (e.g., proprietary data) reviews. The review process was designed to preclude the inappropriate dissemination of sensitive information while ensuring that NASA complies with a requirement of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (the Space Act)1 to provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information resulting from NASA research activities. We focused our audit on evaluating the STI review process: specifically, determining whether the roles and responsibilities for the review, approval, and release of STI were adequately defined and documented in NASA and Center-level guidance and whether that guidance was effectively implemented at Goddard Space Flight Center, Johnson Space Center, Langley Research Center, and Marshall Space Flight Center. Johnson was included in the review because it was the source of the initial complaint, and Goddard, Langley, and Marshall were included because those Centers consistently produce significant amounts of STI.

2008-01-01

206

The LIGO Science Education Center: Partnering Labs, Universities, Education Agencies and Informal Learning Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A program is described for a seamless approach to informal and formal science teaching and learning built around a Science Education Center to be located at LIGO, Livingston, Louisiana. Under an NSF collaborative grant, four institutions are partnering to create an exemplary educational resource to promote science learning and understanding. The Science Education Center will feature approximately 40 interactive exhibits developed by The Exploratorium of San Francisco illustrating science concepts underlying the LIGO program. Southern University, a principal producer of teachers in Louisiana, leads pre-service teacher training. LA GEAR UP, a statewide educational reform agency, guides in-service teacher Professional Development. Our goals: (1) communicate LIGO-related science concepts to the public; (2) strengthen pre-service and in-service science teaching; (3) reach a broad audience of students in the Louisiana region; and (4) create a national model for ways scientists, educators, state education programs, and informal learning centers can collaborate to support science education. This work supported by NSF grants PHY-0107417 and PHY-0355454.

Thacker, John

2005-04-01

207

National Library of of Medicine: Disaster Information Management Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the core purpose of the Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIRMC) is "to develop and provide access to health information resources and technology for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery." It's an ambitious mission, but this site provides ample material for public health experts, journalists, scholars, and the general public. First-time visitors should look over the In the Spotlight area to learn about everything from disaster apps to resources about coping with disasters, violence, or other traumatic events. The New Documents area offers works that deal with biodefense, food contamination events, and nuclear terrorism response plans. Finally, additional information on a range of topics can be found on the left-hand side of the homepage in areas that include Disaster Health Literature and Librarians & Disasters.

208

Goddard's New Approach to Information Technology: The Information Systems Center an Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Information Center (ISC) at Goddard was created as part of the Goddard reorganization and was located within the Applied Engineering and Technology (AET) Directorate. The creation of ISC was to: (1) focus expertise and leadership in information system development; (2) Promote organizational collaboration, partnerships, and resource sharing; (3) Stimulate design/development of seamless end-to-end flight and ground systems; (4) Enable flexibility to effectively support many simultaneous projects by improved access to critical mass of discipline expertise; (5) Enhance career growth and opportunities including multi-disciplinary opportunities; and (6) to improve communications among information system professionals. This paper presents a general overview of the Information Systems Center as well as the role of the Software Engineering Laboratory within the center.

Kea, Howard E.

1994-01-01

209

78 FR 29371 - Informational Meeting Concerning Compliance With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Informational Meeting...Concerning Compliance With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Import Permit...Public Webcast AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),...

2013-05-20

210

Atmospheric Composition Data and Information Services Center (ACDISC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's GSFC Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information and Data Services Center (DISC) manages the archive, distribution and data access for atmospheric composition data from AURA'S OMI, MLS, and hopefully one day, HIRDLS instruments, as well as heritage datasets from TOMS, UARS, MODIS, and AIRS. This data is currently archived in the GES Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). The GES DISC has begun the development of a community driven data management system that's sole purpose is to manage and provide value added services to NASA's Atmospheric Composition (AC) Data. This system, called the Atmospheric Composition Data and Information Services Center (ACDISC) will provide access all AC datasets from the above mentioned instruments, as well as AC datasets residing at remote archive sites (e.g, LaRC DAAC) The goals of the ACDISC are to: 1) Provide a data center for Atmospheric Scientists, guided by Atmospheric Scientists; 2) Be absolutely responsive to the data and data service needs of the Atmospheric Composition (AC) community; 3) Provide services (i.e., expertise) that will facilitate the effortless access to and usage of AC data; 4) Collaborate with AC scientists to facilitate the use of data from multiple sensors for long term atmospheric research. The ACDISC is an AC specific, user driven, multi-sensor, on-line, easy access archive and distribution system employing data analysis and visualization, data mining, and other user requested techniques that facilitate science data usage. The purpose of this presentation is to provide the evolution path that the GES DISC in order to better serve AC data, and also to receive continued community feedback and further foster collaboration with AC data users and providers.

Kempler, S.

2005-01-01

211

Taking the First Steps: Helping Welfare Recipients Who Get Jobs Keep Them. Off Welfare and into Work: A Report Series of the Postemployment Services Demonstration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To collect information about employment paths out of welfare and to test innovative ways to promote job retention, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) initiated the Postemployment Services Demonstration (PESD). Newly employed welfare r...

A. Rangarajan

1996-01-01

212

75 FR 39622 - Proposed Information Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form) Activity...Title: Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form, VA Form...used to allow claimants with medical care copayment debts to pay online with a credit card or...

2010-07-09

213

Oglala Lakota College/Agriculture Network Information Center: Bison Information Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Bison Information Resources website is offered by Oglala Lakota College Library in partnership with the Agriculture Network Information Center. The site provides links for a wide variety of useful bison information sites organized under nine categories including Bison Associations, Bison Behavior and Development, Bison Environment, and Bison Folklore, to name a few. The bison-related internet sites offer information about the history of the plains, raising bison, North American biomes, bison reproduction, and more. Note: some of the links are not currently working, but the site still provides a good collection of useful, active links and information.

214

A Collection of Materials Currently in Use by Educational Information Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Copies of various forms and resources of educational information centers represented at the National Conference of Educational Information Centers, Downingtown, Pennsylvania, 19-21 September 1972, are compiled in this volume. Materials are grouped under t...

R. R. Brickley

1972-01-01

215

Spatial Information Technology Center at Fulton-Montgomery Community College  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Spatial Information Technology Center (SITC) at Fulton-Montgomery Community College (FMCC) continued to fulfill its mission and charter by successfully completing its third year of operations under Congressional funding and NASA sponsorship. Third year operations (01 Oct 02 - 30 Sep 03) have been funded and conducted utilizing two authorized Research Grants NAG 13-00043 (via a one-year no-cost extension expiring Sep 03) and NAG 13-02053 (one-year no-cost extension expiring Sep 04). Drawdowns and reporting of fiscal activities for SlTC operations continues to pass through the Institute for the Application of Geo-spatial Technology (IAGT) at Cayuga Community College in Auburn, New York. Fiscal activity of the Center is reported quarterly via SF 272 to IAGT, thus this report contains only a budgetary overview and forecast of future expenditures for the remaining funds of NAG 13 - 02053. Funds from NAG 13 - 00043 were exhausted during the fourth quarter of fiscal year FY02 - 03, which necessitated initial draw down of NAG 13 - 02053. The IAGT receives no compensation for administrative costs as authorized and approved by NASA in each award budget. This report also includes the necessary addendums for each NAG award, as required by federal guidelines, though no reportable activities took place within this report period. Attached are the signed Report of New Technology/lnventions and a Final Property Report identifying qualifying equipment purchased by the Center. As an academic, economic and workforce development oriented program, the Center has made significant strides in bringing the technology, knowledge and applications of the spatial information technology field to the region it serves. Through the mission of the Center, the region's educational, economic development and work force communities have become increasingly educated to the benefits of spatial (Geospatial) technology, particularly in the region's K-12 arena. SlTC continues to positively affect the region's education, employment and economic development, while expanding its services and operations designed to be customer driven, growing infrastructure and affecting systemic change.

Flinton, Michael E.

2004-01-01

216

The Assessment Of Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter adopts the perspective that welfare is based upon subjective states experienced by the animal, i.e. those equated with emotions and feelings. While current methods do not allow us to access any animal's mental state directly, indirect approaches can be used. One approach attempts to assess the welfare of a cat using behavioural and physiological measures of stress, while

Rachel A. Casey; John W. S. Bradshaw

217

Data Information for Global Change Studies: NASA's Distributed Active Archive Centers and Cooperating Data Centers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Earth Observing System (EOS) is an integral part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Earth Science Enterprise (ESE). ESE is a long-term global change research program designed to improve our understanding of the Earth's interrelated processes involving the atmosphere, oceans, land surfaces, and polar regions. Data from EOS instruments and other Earth science measurement systems are useful in understanding the causes and processes of global climate change and the consequences of human activities. The EOS Data and Information System (EOSDIS) provides a structure for data management and user services for products derived from EOS satellite instruments and other NASA Earth science data. Within the EOSDIS framework, the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) have been established to provide expertise in one or more Earth science disciplines. The DAACs and cooperating data centers provide data and information services to support the global change research community. Much of the development of the DAACs has been in anticipation of the enormous amount of data expected from EOS instruments to be launched within the next two decades. Terra, the EOS flagship launched in December 1999, is the first of a series of EOS satellites to carry several instruments with multispectral capabilities. Some data products from these instruments are now available from several of the DAACs. These and other data products can be ordered through the EOS Data Gateway (EDG) and DAAC-specific online ordering systems.

2000-01-01

218

Cost Elements and Charge Bases in Information Centers: Proceedings of Panel Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the March 7, 1973, Association of Scientific Dissemination of Information Centers meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel discussion on cost elements and charge bases in information centers was held. The panel was composed of representatives of seven information centers which process machine-readable bibliographic data bases and provide…

Williams, Martha E., Ed.

219

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1992 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specialty publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIACs staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC`s staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1991 to September 30, 1992. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC`s response to those inquiries. As analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, fact sheets, specialty publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC`s information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Stoss, F.W. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

1993-03-01

220

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1991 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specially publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC`s staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC`s staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC`s response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, factsheets, specially publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC`s information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M.; Stoss, F.W.

1992-06-01

221

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1991 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specially publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC's staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC's staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC's response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, factsheets, specially publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC's information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M.; Stoss, F.W.

1992-06-01

222

Evaluation of poison information services provided by a new poison information center  

PubMed Central

Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the nature and quality of services provided by poison information center established at a tertiary-care teaching hospital, Mysore. Settings and Design: This was a prospective observational study. Materials and Methods: The poison information center was officially established in September 2010 and began its functioning thereafter. The center is equipped with required resources and facility (e.g., text books, Poisindex, Drugdex, toll free telephone service, internet and online services) to provide poison information services. The poison information services provided by the center were recorded in documentation forms. The documentation form consists of numerous sections to collect information on: (a) Type of population (children, adult, elderly or pregnant) (b) poisoning agents (c) route of exposure (d) type of poisoning (intentional, accidental or environmental) (e) demographic details of patient (age, gender and bodyweight) (f) enquirer details (background, place of call and mode of request) (g) category and purpose of query and (h) details of provided service (information provided, mode of provision, time taken to provide information and references consulted). The nature and quality of poison information services provided was assessed using a quality assessment checklist developed in accordance with DSE/World Health Organization guidelines. Statistical Analysis: Chi-Square test (?2). Results: A total of 419 queries were received by the center. A majority (n = 333; 79.5%) of the queries were asked by the doctors to provide optimal care (n = 400; 95.5%). Most of the queries were received during ward rounds (n = 201; 48.0%), followed by direct access (n = 147; 35.1%). The poison information services were predominantly provided through verbal communication (n = 352; 84.0%). Upon receipt of queries, the required service was provided immediately (n = 103; 24.6%) or within 10-20 min (n = 296; 70.6%). The queries were mainly related to intentional poisoning (n = 258; 64.5%), followed by accidental poisoning (n = 142; 35.5%). The most common poisoning agents were medicines (n = 124; 31.0%). The service provided was graded as “Excellent” for the majority of queries (n = 360; 86%; P < 0.001), followed by “Very Good” (n = 50; 12%) and “Good” (n = 9; 2%). Conclusion: The poison information center provided requested services in a skillful, efficient and evidence-based manner to meet the needs of the requestor. The enquiries and information provided is documented in a clear and systematic manner.

Churi, Shobha; Abraham, Lovin; Ramesh, M.; Narahari, M. G.

2013-01-01

223

Do children from welfare families obtain less education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we analyzed whether parents’ receipt of welfare affects children’s educational attainment in early adulthood,\\u000a independent of its effect through changing family income. We used data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with information\\u000a on parents’ welfare receipt over the first 15 years of childhood. Cross-sectional results show that greater exposure to welfare\\u000a is significantly associated with

Inhoe Ku; Robert Plotnick

2003-01-01

224

Distinct Representations of Olfactory Information in Different Cortical Centers  

PubMed Central

Sensory information is transmitted to the brain where it must be processed to translate stimulus features into appropriate behavioral output. In the olfactory system, distributed neural activity in the nose is converted into a segregated map in the olfactory bulb. In this study we ask how this ordered representation is transformed in higher olfactory centers. We have developed a tracing strategy to define the neural circuits that convey information from individual glomeruli in the olfactory bulb to the piriform cortex and the cortical amygdala. The spatial order in the bulb is discarded in piriform cortex; axons from individual glomeruli project diffusely to the piriform without apparent spatial preference. In the cortical amygdala, we observe broad patches of projections that are spatially stereotyped for individual glomeruli. These projections to the amygdala are overlapping and afford the opportunity for spatially localized integration of information from multiple glomeruli. The identification of a distributive pattern of projections to the piriform and stereotyped projections to the amygdala provides an anatomic context for the generation of learned and innate behaviors.

Sosulski, Dara L.; Lissitsyna, Maria V.; Cutforth, Tyler; Axel, Richard; Datta, Sandeep Robert

2012-01-01

225

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) - Its role in the USAF Scientific and Technical Information Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), the central repository for DOD scientific and technical information concerning studies and research and engineering efforts, is discussed. The present makeup of DTIC is described and its functions in producing technical reports and technical report bibliographies are examined. DTIC's outreach services are reviewed, as are its DTIC information and technology transfer programs. DTIC's plans for the year 2000 and its relation to the mission of the U.S. Air Force, including the Air Force's STINFO program, are addressed.

Kuhn, Allan D.

1991-01-01

226

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center - A for atmospheric trace gases. Fiscal year 1996, annual report  

SciTech Connect

Fiscal year 1996 was especially productive for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This report describes publications and statistical data from the CDIAC.

Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Jones, S.B. [and others

1997-02-01

227

"SDI--Where are We? The Challenge of the Future." The Information Dissemination Center View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historical and current status of information dissemination centers and the problem of user interface are reviewed. During the past decade, the problems of technical data processing have been conquered; information dissemination has evolved from a loosely knit group of experimental centers to an organization of established centers, many…

Carmon, James L.

228

Defense Technical Information Center's 2010 Student Paper Competition: The Winning Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In support of the Department of Defense (DoD) Scientific and Technical Information Program, the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) sponsored an annual Student Paper Competition for students in graduate programs in library and information science....

A. Ben Eli C. E. Jacobson H. C. Bachrach J. Hutchins S. Lantzy

2010-01-01

229

Ethically Informed Practice with Families Formed via International Adoption: Linking Care Ethics with Narrative Approaches to Social Welfare Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many authors have described the ethical issues associated with international adoption for all members of the adoption triad, including adoptive parents, birth parents and the adopted child, and for both sending and receiving countries. This paper explores how political variants of care ethics, combined with a narrative approach to practice, can be used as a conceptual framework for ethically informed

Janet Shapiro

2011-01-01

230

75 FR 22438 - Proposed Information Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...claimants to pay their medical care copayment online. DATES: Written comments...Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form, VA...to allow claimants with medical care copayment debts to pay online with a credit card or...

2010-04-28

231

VISITORS WERE INFORMED, ENTERTAINED AND INSPIRED WITH NASA GLENN RESEARCH CENTER'S EXHIBIT AT  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

VISITORS WERE INFORMED, ENTERTAINED AND INSPIRED WITH NASA GLENN RESEARCH CENTER'S EXHIBIT AT WRIGHT PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE - AIR POWER 2003. THE DISPLAY HIGHLIGHTED VARIOUS RESEARCH PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN THE TWO CENTERS OVER THE LAST 60 YEARS - A

2003-01-01

232

75 FR 10225 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program; Notice Inviting...Description Purpose of Program: The Language Resource Centers (LRC) program provides...capacity for teaching and learning foreign languages. Priorities: This notice contains...

2010-03-05

233

The EPIC Project Report: An Engineering Performance Information Center on Structural Failures and Distresses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report recommends establishment of EPIC as a not-for-profit, incorporated, computerized Engineering Performance Information Center on failures and distresses in fixed, not movable, structures. No organization was found to serve as this center; no sat...

C. D. Gull

1980-01-01

234

WSTIAC: Weapon Systems Technology Information Analysis Center. Volume 3, Number 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The WSTIAC Newsletter is the current awareness publication of the Weapon Systems Technology Information Analysis Center (WSTIAC). IIT Research Institute operates WSTIAC, which services government, industry, and academia as a Center for Excellence in Weapo...

2001-01-01

235

Jobs First: Final Report on Connecticut's Welfare Reform Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of Jobs First (JF) compared the experiences of JF participants who were subject to welfare reform policies with those of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) participants who were subject to prior welfare rules. It collected information for four years about JF's impacts on participants' children and analyzed its financial…

Bloom, Dan; Scrivener, Susan; Michalopoulos, Charles; Morris, Pamela; Hendra, Richard; Adams-Ciardullo, Diana; Walter, Johanna

236

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for atmospheric trace gases: Fiscal year 1995 annual report  

SciTech Connect

Fiscal year 1995 was both a very productive year for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and a year of significant change. This document presents information about the most notable accomplishments made during the year. Topics include: high-lights; statistics; future plans; publications, presentations, and awards; and change in organization and staff.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.; Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Jones, S.B.; Nelson, T.; Stoss, F.W.

1996-01-01

237

Information support system with case-based reasoning using motion recognition in human-centered city  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents information support system in human-centered city with case-based reasoning using motion recognition. Human-centered city furnishes information infrastructure, and supports human by looking on human. In this city, there are information terminals, which we called \\

Tomo Okawa; Eri Sato; Toru Yamaguchi

2007-01-01

238

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:23193264

2013-01-01

239

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-01-01

240

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data available through NCBI's web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace, Assembly, and Short Read Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Database of Genotype and Phenotype, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Shumway, Martin; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L.; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2008-01-01

241

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides data retrieval systems and computational resources for the analysis of data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's website. NCBI resources include Entrez, Entrez Programming Utilities, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD) and the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART). Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kenton, David L.; Khovayko, Oleg; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Ostell, James; Pontius, Joan U.; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Starchenko, Grigory; Suzek, Tugba O.; Tatusov, Roman; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2005-01-01

242

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2009-01-01

243

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W.; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-01-01

244

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2012-01-01

245

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at: .

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Kenton, David L.; Khovayko, Oleg; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Suzek, Tugba O.; Tatusov, Roman; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-01-01

246

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information: update  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI’s website. NCBI resources include Entrez, PubMed, PubMed Central, LocusLink, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosome Aberration Project (CCAP), Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs) database, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, SARS Coronavirus Resource, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD) and the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART). Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Wheeler, David L.; Church, Deanna M.; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Madden, Thomas L.; Pontius, Joan U.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sequeira, Edwin; Suzek, Tugba O.; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas

2004-01-01

247

Ethics, domestic food policy and trade law: assessing the EU animal welfare proposal to the WTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to rising consumer interest in the well-being of animals used in commercial food production, the European Union (EU) has been increasing its animal welfare standards. This does nothing, however, to inform consumers of the welfare standards that have been applied to food that is imported. Satisfying consumers’ desire to know about foreign animal welfare standards, however, will require

A. L. Hobbs; J. E. Hobbs; G. E. Isaac; W. A. Kerr

2002-01-01

248

77 FR 43091 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Plan for a Follow-up Survey with Child Welfare Information Gateway Customers. OMB No...customers are using information received from Child Welfare Information Gateway. Child Welfare Information Gateway is a service of the...

2012-07-23

249

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases, Fiscal Year 2002 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which includes the World Data Center (WDC) for Atmospheric Trace Gases, is the primary global change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an archive of data sets and publications, CDIAC has, since its inception in 1982, enhanced the value of its holdings through intensive quality assurance, documentation, and integration. Whereas many traditional data centers are discipline-based (for example, meteorology or oceanography), CDIAC's scope includes potentially anything and everything that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change, including atmospheric concentrations and atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other radiatively active gases; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated CO{sub 2} on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea levels.

Cushman, R.M.

2003-08-28

250

Welfare recipients’ involvement with child protective services after welfare reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis study identifies factors associated with child protective services (CPS) involvement among current and former welfare recipients after welfare reform legislation was passed in the US in 1996.

Yunju Nam; William Meezan; Sandra K. Danziger

2006-01-01

251

Keeping Users at the Center: Developing a Multimedia Interface for Informed Consent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewing “informing” as a process to protect patients and support autonomy, we undertook a user-centered design process to develop online support for informed consent in pediatric Phase I research trials. Challenges included (a) delivering accurate information to people unfamiliar with medical terminology; (b) delivering this information humanely under time constraints and heightened emotions; (c) allowing users control over the information,

Loel Kim; Amanda J. Young; Robert A. Neimeyer; Justin N. Baker; Raymond C. Barfield

2008-01-01

252

Information and Library Programs at the Technology Application Center (TAC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technology Application Center (TAC) at the University of New Mexico is one of six National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) regional dissemination centers originally established to disseminate NASA technology to private industry on a regional basis. A fee is charged for TAC's services so it has been market oriented and has sought to…

Burch, Eugene

253

Welfare Recipients' Involvement with Child Protective Services after Welfare Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study identifies factors associated with child protective services (CPS) involvement among current and former welfare recipients after welfare reform legislation was passed in the US in 1996. Method: Data come from the Women's Employment Study, a longitudinal study of randomly selected welfare recipients living in a Michigan city…

Nam, Yunju; Meezan, William; Danziger, Sandra K.

2006-01-01

254

Management Information System for Community Mental Health Centers. Volume I: Requirements Statement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to state the information requirements of Community Mental Health Centers (CMHCs) and to identify those which can be supported by an automated Management Information System (MIS). This requirements analysis contains a descript...

1980-01-01

255

Analysis of Proposed Alternatives to the Defense Technical Information Center's Announcement Products and Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Currently, the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) offers it users information about new reports entered into the DTIC database through: the Defense RDT&E Online System (DROLS), the Current Awareness Bibliography (CAB) service and the Technical Ab...

B. Lesser M. Hanna R. Evans

1985-01-01

256

Welfare Policies and Black Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The family is an important resource for minority persons, and many minority families depend on public welfare for their survival. This article offers a compact analysis of how welfare policies often work to the disadvantage of poor Black families. (Author)

Trader, Harriet Peat

1979-01-01

257

Addressing underutilization of consumer health information resource centers: a formative study*  

PubMed Central

Problem: Four consumer health information centers in Richmond, Virginia, provide one-on-one assistance in accessing health information. Because they may not be fully utilized at present, an exploratory marketing study of factors affecting usage of the centers was conducted. Method: Observers counted center passers-by and tracked their paths. Also, brief intercept interviews were conducted with people who had just used a center, people nearby who could have used one but did not, and people on the street. Finally, in-depth individual interviews were conducted with key informants. Results: There was a high degree of satisfaction with the centers among users. Nonusers universally endorsed the center concept. However, most passers-by did not even glance at the centers, and intercept interviewees suggested better signage and promoting the resource centers through various media channels. Key informants added suggestions about interpersonal strategies (e.g., physician referrals) for center usage promotion but cautioned that a large increase in traffic could not be accommodated without increasing staff size or shifting from a model of individualized service. Conclusions: Triangulating findings from multiple data collection methods can provide useful guidance for efforts to promote center utilization. At minimum, steps should be taken to make the largest centers more noticeable. Because center utilization is not only associated with consumer satisfaction with hospitals, but may also foster health literacy, both hospital-based and community-based usage promotion strategies may be warranted. All such promotional strategies should be audience-tested before they are adopted.

Kennedy, May G.; Kiken, Laura; Shipman, Jean P.

2008-01-01

258

Supporting Welfare Recipients as Child Care Providers. Proceedings from a Conference (New York, New York, June 27-28, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to strong political debate concerning the future of federal welfare policy and a push for welfare to work programs, the Bank Street College of Education's Center for Family Support held a conference to address the issue of welfare recipients as child care providers. The purpose of this meeting was threefold: (1) to stimulate thinking…

Porter, Toni

259

Animal Welfare and Social Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the standard welfare economics assumption of anthropocentric welfarism, i.e., that only human well-being counts intrinsically. Alternatives where animal welfare matters intrinsically are explored theoretically, based on moral philosophical literature, and empirically where the general public‘s ethical preferences are measured through a survey with a representative sample in Sweden. It is concluded that welfare economics should be generalized

Thomas Aronsson; Olof Johansson-Stenman

2011-01-01

260

Women, Children, and Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Who are the targets of welfare reform? How should welfare be reformed? How are the issues of reforming welfare and the national interest in investing in children related, ideologically and strategically? This article sheds light on these questions by discussing the poverty status of female-headed families with children, the impact of public income transfers on reducing the poverty rate of

Martha N. Ozawa

1994-01-01

261

Saving IT's Soul: Human-Centered Information Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that, unless information technology managers pay attention to how people share information, advanced technological systems cannot achieve their full potential. Outlines how organizations can rebuild their information cultures, integrating human flexibility and disorder into information systems and changing employee behavior. (JOW)

Davenport, Thomas H.

1994-01-01

262

Building a Knowledge Base for Health Information Exchange between Emergency Departments and Poison Control Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic information exchange between emergency departments and poison control centers could reduce medical error, reduce time to treatment, and improve continuity of care for poisonings. This paper describes our ongoing work developing a knowledge base for health information exchange between emergency departments and poison control centers. We determined expert consensus on salient legal, operational, and clinical aspects of exchange, and

Mollie R. Cummins; Barbara I. Crouch; Per Gesteland

2012-01-01

263

A National Survey on Manpower in Libraries, Information Centers and Archives in Thailand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a national survey on manpower in libraries, information centers, and archives in Thailand in both Thai and English. On November 26, 1987, 2,350 questionnaires were sent to 8 types of libraries, information centers, and archives: public libraries, national libraries, university libraries, college libraries,…

Siriwongworawat, Suwakhon

264

A Mathematical Model of the Information Center Location Problem and Its Implications for Decision Makers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of selecting which sites to use in locating library and information centers in order to best achieve system objectives is modeled as a mixed zero-one linear programming problem and examined in detail. The model incorporates an objective function based on the costs of locating centers and of transmitting information to the users. The…

Kraft, Donald H.; Hill, T. W., Jr.

265

41 CFR 102-81.30 - What information must job applicants at child care centers reveal?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What information must job applicants at child care centers reveal... § 102-81.30 What information must job applicants at child care centers reveal...reveal any arrests and convictions on the job application. Employment at a child...

2013-07-01

266

Nuclear information services at the National Nuclear Data Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The numeric and bibliographic nuclear data bases maintained by the National Nuclear Data Center and access to these data bases will be described. The U.S. Nuclear Data and Reaction Data Networks will also be briefly described.

T. W. Burrows J. K. Tuli

1996-01-01

267

Center for Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight: Consumer Assistance Program  

MedlinePLUS

... options Search CMS.gov Main Menu Medicare Medicaid/CHIP Medicare-Medicaid Coordination Private Insurance Innovation Center Regulations & Guidance Research, Statistics, Data & Systems Outreach & Education You are here: CCIIO Home > Consumer ...

268

The Center for Informal Learning and Schools' Informal Learning Certificate (ILC) Program: Professional Development and Community for Informal Science Educators Working with Schools. An Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inverness Research Associates served as external evaluators for the Center for Informal Learning and Schools (CILS) from its inception in 2002 as a National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded Center for Learning and Teaching. One of the programs that CILS developed was the Informal Learning Certificate (ILC) for informal science educators (mostly…

Smith, Anita; Helms, Jenifer V.; St. John, Mark

2007-01-01

269

Child Welfare Policy Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document conveys mandatory policies that have their basis in Federal Law and/or program regulations. It also provides interpretations of Federal Statutes and program regulations initiated by inquiries from State Child Welfare agencies or Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Regional Offices. The manual replaces the Children's…

Administration for Children & Families, 2008

2008-01-01

270

Welfare. Opposing Viewpoints Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The opinions expressed in the selections in each series title examine many different aspects of a single issue. Detractors of the welfare system have long argued that the system promotes dependency. They…

Cozic, Charles P., Ed.; Winters, Paul A., Ed.

271

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

272

Off Welfare, into Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned with the increasing feminization of poverty, the Rockefeller Foundation launched in 1982 a $12 million welfare-to-work research and demonstration project, presently midway into a 5-year evaluation. The Minority Female Single Parent Demonstration project involved four community-based organizations: Atlanta Urban League (Georgia);…

BCEL Newsletter for the Business and Literacy Communities, 1991

1991-01-01

273

National Income and Welfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to appraise from the standpoint of a community's welfare a governmental measure with wide impact, the economist may proceed variously, but almost inevitably he refers to national income data. How such data are to be construed in the appraisal, ho...

A. Bergson

1964-01-01

274

Child Welfare in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting the current state of theory and practice in child welfare in Canada, these eight papers suggest a contemporary view of Canadian children and the contexts in which they develop as defined by legal rights and society. First, Henry S. Maas argues that attention to normal social development and its contexts, and to related ongoing theory…

McBroom, Elizabeth, Ed.

1983-01-01

275

Inflation and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews research on the welfare cost of inflation. New estimates are provided, based on U.S. time series for 1900-94, interpreted in a variety of ways. It is estimated that the gain from reducing the annual inflation rate from 10 percent to zero is equivalent to an increase in real income of slightly less than one percent. Using aggregate

2000-01-01

276

Congressional Interest: Network Information and Space Security Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The events of September 11, 2001 increased our Nation's awareness of the need for information and information systems security. It became quite clear after this event that the United States needed to develop research and educational infrastructures to add...

J. Nelson

2011-01-01

277

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Related Programs - Cancer Information Service  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute�s (NCI) Cancer Information Service (CIS) educates the public about cancer prevention, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and research . CIS information specialists provide the latest, most accurate information about cancer by telephone, TTY, instant messaging, and e-mail and operates the NCI�s Smoking Quitline. Through its Partnership Program, the CIS works with established national, regional, and state organizations to reach those most in need of cancer information.

278

Annotated Bibliography; Freedom of Information Center Reports and Summary Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography lists and annotates almost 400 information reports, opinion papers, and summary papers dealing with freedom of information. Topics covered include the nature of press freedom and increased press efforts toward more open access to information; the press situation in many foreign countries, including France, Sweden, Communist…

Freedom of Information Center, Columbia, MO.

279

Organizational structure and operation of defense/aerospace information centers in the United States of America  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

U.S. Government aerospace and defense information centers are addressed. DTIC and NASA are described in terms of their history, operational authority, information services provided, user community, sources of information collected, efforts under way to improve services, and external agreements regarding the exchange of documents and/or data bases. Contents show how DTIC and NASA provide aerospace/defense information services in support of U.S. research and development efforts. In a general introduction, the importance of scientific and technical information and the need for information centers to acquire, handle, and disseminate it are stressed.

Sauter, H. E.; Lushina, L. N.

1983-01-01

280

Trav Info Evaluation ( Technology Element ) Traveler Information Center ( TIC ) Study: Operator Interface Analysis - Phase III  

Microsoft Academic Search

TravInfo is a Field Operational Test of advanced traveler information systems for the San Francisco Bay Area, sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The project involves a public\\/private partnership which seeks to compile, integrate and broadly disseminate timely and accurate multi-modal traveler information through commercial products and services. The public sector component centers on the Traveler Information Center (TIC),

Mark Miller; Dimitri Loukakos

1998-01-01

281

Travinfo Evalution (technology Element) Traveler Information Center (tic) Study (september 1996 - June 1997)  

Microsoft Academic Search

TravInfo is a Field Operational Test of advanced traveler information systems for the San Francisco Bay Area, sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The project involves a public\\/private partnership which seeks to compile, integrate and broadly disseminate timely and accurate multi-modal traveler information through commercial products and services. The public sector component centers on the Traveler Information Center (TIC),

Mark A. Miller; Dimitri Loukakos

1998-01-01

282

Brand Information Mitigating Negative Shocks on Animal Welfare: Is It More Effective to “Distract†Consumers or Make Them Aware?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To create and sustain a competitive advantage in markets that increasingly value animal welfare attributes, meat companies need to meet public and private production standards while communicating to final consumers through their brands. Data are collected from a representative sample of 460 U.S. residents through an on-line experiment on McDonald’s chicken breast sandwiches and analyzed with Latent Growth Modeling. This

Domenico Dentoni; Glynn T. Tonsor; Roger J. Calantone; H. Christopher Peterson

2010-01-01

283

Survey of Specialized Technical Information Centers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the most advantageous method of acquiring selected bibliographic data collections specializing in highway safety literature in order to provide the National Highway Safety Documentation Center (NHSDC) with a significant data base. This data base is necessary for NHSDC to accomplish its objective of being a…

Safety Management Inst., Washington, DC.

284

NUCLEAR INFORMATION SERVICES AT THE NATIONAL NUCLEAR DATA CENTER.  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Data Center has provided remote access to its databases and other resources since 1986. This year we have completed the modernization of our databases and Web site. Resources available from our Web site will be summarized and some of the major improvements described in more detail.

BURROWS,T.W.; DUNFORD,C.L.

2004-09-26

285

Introduction to the special issue on zoo animal welfare.  

PubMed

In May 2008, the Chicago Zoological Society's Center for the Science of Animal Welfare (CSAW) held a two-day international workshop designed to establish and foster new connections between zoo animal welfare scientists and welfare scientists in other fields, and to take the first step toward the development of a research agenda for zoo animal welfare science. Such a research agenda by its very nature would need to be highly multi-disciplinary and collaborative. In support of this purpose this article serves as an introduction for a collection of invited papers presented at the workshop. Workshop themes included the investigation of welfare metrics currently used and in development, elucidating gaps and determining needs for zoo welfare research, and gaining a deeper understanding of the value that understanding animals in the wild can bring to zoo animal welfare. Here we discuss some of the most relevant points made at the workshop and describe the seven most salient research needs that were suggested in consensus. PMID:19885912

Watters, Jason V; Wielebnowski, Nadja

2009-11-01

286

JANE, A new information retrieval system for the Radiation Shielding Information Center  

SciTech Connect

A new information storage and retrieval system has been developed for the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to replace mainframe systems that have become obsolete. The database contains citations and abstracts of literature which were selected by RSIC analysts and indexed with terms from a controlled vocabulary. The database, begun in 1963, has been maintained continuously since that time. The new system, called JANE, incorporates automatic indexing techniques and on-line retrieval using the RSIC Data General Eclipse MV/4000 minicomputer, Automatic indexing and retrieval techniques based on fuzzy-set theory allow the presentation of results in order of Retrieval Status Value. The fuzzy-set membership function depends on term frequency in the titles and abstracts and on Term Discrimination Values which indicate the resolving power of the individual terms. These values are determined by the Cover Coefficient method. The use of a commercial database base to store and retrieve the indexing information permits rapid retrieval of the stored documents. Comparisons of the new and presently-used systems for actual searches of the literature indicate that it is practical to replace the mainframe systems with a minicomputer system similar to the present version of JANE. 18 refs., 10 figs.

Trubey, D.K.

1991-05-01

287

Development of computer applications in Chinese information centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the development of computer appli cations in information services in China. Meaningful progress has been made only during the last ten years. Possible techni cal reasons, apart from the political turmoil of the Cultural Revolution, are discussed. China's automation endeavors have made a successful step forward due to efforts toward stan dardization and coordination for information computerization.

Sharon Chien Lin

1988-01-01

288

The History, Scope and Plan for an Information Center Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are three phases in the development of new drugs aimed at determining adverse reactions or side effects. Each of these phases produces many different pieces of information. All of this leads to a major problem involving the professional/industrial and/or academic libraries serving the scientific-medical community through their information

Marlin, Robert L.

289

Dairy animal welfare. Introduction.  

PubMed

Organizations devoted to proper animal care have focused the attention of society on humane animal treatment. In recent years, some groups have raised questions as to what constitutes proper animal care on the farm and in the research laboratory. Philosophical questions about animal rights have been raised. Several groups are active in the animal welfare, animal rights arena and they vary widely in their objectives and methods of operation. Many of these groups are well-funded. Some resort to civil disobedience to achieve their ends. Farm animal commodity groups, animal-oriented research agencies, and animal-related industry groups have become increasingly aware of the public interest in animal welfare and are organizing programs and groups to better understand and educate the public on the issues. PMID:3448117

Blosser, T H

1987-12-01

290

Welfare And Macroeconomic Interdependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a baseline model of monetary and fiscal transmission in interdependent economies. The welfare effects of expansionary policies are related to monopolistic supply in production and monopoly power of a country in trade. An unanticipated exchange rate depreciation can be beggar-thyself rather than beggar-thy-neighbor, as gains in domestic output are offset by deteriorating terms of trade. Smaller and more

Giancarlo Corsetti; Paolo Pesenti

2001-01-01

291

Computer codes and data available from the Radiation Shielding Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) is a technical institute serving the international shielding community. It acquires, selects, stores, retrieves, evaluates, analyzes, synthesizes, and disseminates information on shielding and ionizing radiation transport. The major activities include: (1) operating a computer-based information system and answering inquiries on radiation analysis, (2) collecting, checking out, packaging, and distributing large computer codes and evaluated

D. K. Trubey; B. F. Maskewitz; R. W. Roussin

1977-01-01

292

How end user computing and information centers enhance strategic linkages in organizational structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in organization structures brought by information technology (IT), information systems (IS), end-user computing (EUC), and information centers (ICs) are discussed and ways are proposed in which EUC and ICs can be valuable in providing effective strategic linkages among and within strategic groups that form within organizations. In this regard, conditions are described under which EUC and ICs can alleviate

RAJA K. IYER; HOUSTON H. CARR

1990-01-01

293

The Use and Value of Defense Technical Information Center Products and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the use and value of the major information products and services provided by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). These products and services include technical report distribution on an on-demand basis and through the Automatic Document Distribution (ADD) program; secondary information dissemination through online…

Roderer, Nancy K.; And Others

294

The Impact of Automation on the Content of Libraries and Information Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information needs are growing more rapidly than the abilities of research libraries and information centers to meet them. Two reasons and their influence on information systems are discussed: a shift in scientific endeavor from basic science to applied, leading to the emergence of programmatic research; and the technology of science itself. (16…

Dillon, Martin

1973-01-01

295

Computer Center: BASIC String Models of Genetic Information Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some of the major genetic information processes which may be modeled by computer program string manipulation, focusing on replication and transcription. Also discusses instructional applications of using string models. (JN)

Spain, James D., Ed.

1984-01-01

296

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases Fiscal Year 2000 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which includes the World Data Center (WDC) for Atmospheric Trace Gases, is the primary global change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an archive of data sets and publications, CDIAC has, since its inception in 1982, enhanced the value of its holdings through intensive quality assurance, documentation, and integration. Whereas many traditional data centers are discipline-based (for example, meteorology or oceanography), CDIAC's scope includes potentially anything and everything that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change, including concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other radiatively active gases in the atmosphere; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; emissions of CO{sub 2} and other trace gases to the atmosphere; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated CO{sub 2} on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea levels.

Cushman, R.M.

2001-11-15

297

International Fund for Animal Welfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the past few years, a finely nuanced sensibility about the shared interests and coexistence of human and animals has emerged as a number of international organizations have begun work and advocacy efforts in this area. The work of the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) began three decades ago when a group of individuals decided to come together to stop a hunt for white-coat harp seals on the eastern coast of Canada. Since that time, the IFAW has expanded its work across the world, and this site affords visitors the opportunity to learn about the organization's work, read its annual reports from the past several years, and find out more about its different campaigns across different regions. Visitors can click on different parts of an interactive world map to look at this information or browse a list of animals in the "Save Animals" section of the site.

298

MEETING THE NEEDS OF TOURISTS: THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF AUSTRALIAN VISITOR INFORMATION CENTERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visitor information centers are primarily responsible for promoting local tourism products and services; and consequently, have direct impacts upon the economic, social, and recreational well?being of the region in which they are located. Research highlights the importance of tailoring center facilities and services to meet the needs and interests of the traveling public, yet there are few studies specifically designed

Roy Ballantyne; Karen Hughes; Brent W. Ritchie

2009-01-01

299

Metadata in a Digital Special Library: The Energy and Environmental Information Resources Center in Lafayette, Louisiana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three kinds of metadata--Dublin Core (DC), MARC21 (formerly USMARC), and Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)--and how they are used in the Energy & Environmental Information Resources Center (EE-IR Center), a digital special library of text, numeric, and geospatial data in Lafayette, Louisiana. Includes 5 figures. (Contains 48…

Foley, Dan

1999-01-01

300

32 CFR 37.895 - How is the final performance report to be sent to the Defense Technical Information Center?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the final performance report to be sent to the Defense Technical Information Center...the final performance report to be sent to the Defense Technical Information Center...requires a final performance report or uses an...

2013-07-01

301

23 CFR 752.8 - Privately operated information centers and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 752.8 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT LANDSCAPE AND ROADSIDE DEVELOPMENT § 752.8 Privately operated information centers and systems. (a) Subject to the...

2013-04-01

302

Business Case for Integrated Technical Information for the Air Logistics Centers (ITI-ALC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the Integrated Technical Information for the Air Logistics Centers (ITI-ALC) program was to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Air Force's depot maintenance process, with specific emphasis on Programmed Depot Maintenance (PDM...

C. L. Batchelor D. Kennedy K. Evers R. Kelly

1996-01-01

303

Integrated Technical Information for the Air Logistics Centers (ITI-ALC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the Integrated Technical Information for the Air Logistics Centers (ITI-ALC) program was to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Air Force's depot maintenance process, with specific emphasis on Programmed Depot Maintenance (PDM...

R. Kelly B. L. Masquelier

1996-01-01

304

Using Information Technology to Improve Health Quality and Safety in Community Health Centers  

PubMed Central

Problem Community health centers (CHCs) face a unique set of challenges and can learn much from each other as they prepare for the adoption of health information technology (HIT). Purpose This paper presents a research agenda aimed at providing information CHCs will need to successfully implement HIT. Key Points Community health centers must be able to evaluate whether an investment in HIT is the best way to achieve improvements in health outcomes for their communities given the limited resources and high demands they face. Community health centers need better information to guide them in selecting and implementing information technology that will result in improved health quality and safety. Guidance in optimal use of the system, particularly in the effective use of data made available through electronic health records, is needed to realize health care goals. Community health centers need to be active participants in HIT developments in their communities to ensure that their patients benefit from technological advancements that improve health care.

Calman, Neil; Kitson, Kwame; Hauser, Diane

2009-01-01

305

For operation of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progress report on current status of computer software management and information center (COSMIC) includes the following areas: inventory, evaluation and publication, marketing, customer service, maintenance and support, and budget summary.

Carmon, J. L.

1983-01-01

306

Federated Search Tools in Fusion Centers: Bridging Databases in the Information Sharing Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research utilized a semi-structured survey instrument delivered to subject matter experts within the national network of fusion centers and employed a constant comparison method to analyze the survey results. This 'smart practice' exploration informe...

J. R. Wormet

2012-01-01

307

75 FR 5296 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; National Resource Centers (NRC) Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Overview Information; National Resource Centers (NRC) Program for Foreign Language and Area Studies or Foreign Language and International Studies Program and Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellowships Program; Notice Inviting...

2010-02-02

308

Engaging Parents in Education: Lessons from Five Parental Information and Resource Centers. Innovations in Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This second publication in the latest Innovations in Education series 'Engaging Parents in Education: Lessons from Five Parental Information and Resource Centers' identifies innovative and successful education programs across the country that are closing ...

2007-01-01

309

78 FR 65300 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION: Notice of Availability...SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) announces the availability...Information Technology Center at Defense Distribution Depot San Joaquin,...

2013-10-31

310

Welfare Reform and Child Care: Evidence from 10 Experimental Welfare-to-Work Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the employment and child care responses of families participating in 10 experimental welfare reform programs conducted in the United States between 1989 and 2002. For the programs analyzed, child care use increases by about the same amount as the increase in employment. Most of the increased child care comprises informal care…

Robins, Philip K.

2007-01-01

311

Welfare Reform: What about the Children? Welfare, Children & Families: A Three-City Study. Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief describes children from "Welfare, Children and Families: A Three-City Study," using data from the first wave of the study which involved a random-sample survey of about 2,400 low-income children and their caregivers (mainly mothers) in low-income neighborhoods. Researchers collected information from mothers on their employment,…

Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Lohman, Brenda J.; Pittman, Laura D.

312

Flight Delay Information - Air Traffic Control System Command Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This small subset of the larger Federal Aviation Administration's web site, shows delays at airports throughout the United States as well information about routing and other air traffic control related issues. The site provides users with a full map of the U.S. keyed to show delays, or to find delays for specific regions of the U.S. or users can type in a specific airport name and get data returned. There is also a large range of interesting information under the tab "products" - here users will find links to an advisories database, discover how to get aviation information sent to their cell phone or pager, and find current reroutes and restrictions.

2006-11-02

313

Developing a curriculum in geographic information systems: the national center for geographic information and analysis core curriculum project  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a major effort by the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA) to develop teaching materials in support of courses in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The project is motivated by the current high level of demand for GIS professionals and by the need to distinguish between software training on the one hand, and education in the intellectual

Karen K. Kemp; Michael F. Goodchild

1991-01-01

314

Guardian Angel: Patient-Centered Health Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report contains most ofthe text of a proposal we submitted in March, 1994 to ARPA in response to BAA 94-13, for theHealth Information Infrastructure Program. This report differs from the proposal only in itsorganization and in omitting budgetary and administrative details. To a large extent, we haveretained the language typical of proposals, and hope for the reader's patience with

Peter Szolovits; Jon Doyle; William J. Long; Isaac Kohane; Stephen G. Pauker

1994-01-01

315

The National Sweetpotato Information Center at Tuskegee University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tuskegee University's involvement with the sweetpotato was initiated in the late 19th century by Dr. George Washington Carver. Carver's publications on the sweetpotato include information on the history and varieties of sweetpotatoes, their cultivation, insect and fungal problems, and their treatment, harvesting, storing, canning, and preparation for human consumption and animal feed. Carver developed more than 200 products from the

Annie King; Edna Williams; Sibyl Caldwell; Walter Hill

1995-01-01

316

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Sustainable Agriculture Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains the following categories of information related to sustainable agriculture: Bibliographies of articles and research publications, searchable sites and databases, educational resources for elementary, high school, and college instructors, and lists of people and institutions that are involved in researching or promoting sustainable agriculture.

2008-10-13

317

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for atmospheric trace gases: FY 1993 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specialty publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC`s staff also provide technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC`s staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC (including World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases) during the period October 1, 1992, to September 30, 1993. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC`s response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of NDPS, CMPS, technical reports, newsletters, fact sheets, specialty publications, and reprints are provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC`s information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also presented.

Cushman, R.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Stoss, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center]|[Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment, and Resources Center

1994-01-01

318

Video calls from lay bystanders to dispatch centers - risk assessment of information security  

PubMed Central

Background Video calls from mobile phones can improve communication during medical emergencies. Lay bystanders can be instructed and supervised by health professionals at Emergency Medical Communication Centers. Before implementation of video mobile calls in emergencies, issues of information security should be addressed. Methods Information security was assessed for risk, based on the information security standard ISO/IEC 27005:2008. A multi-professional team used structured brainstorming to find threats to the information security aspects confidentiality, quality, integrity, and availability. Results Twenty security threats of different risk levels were identified and analyzed. Solutions were proposed to reduce the risk level. Conclusions Given proper implementation, we found no risks to information security that would advocate against the use of video calls between lay bystanders and Emergency Medical Communication Centers. The identified threats should be used as input to formal requirements when planning and implementing video calls from mobile phones for these call centers.

2011-01-01

319

An overview of the National Space Science data Center Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview is given of the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) Standard Information Retrieval System. A description, in general terms, the information system that contains the data files and the software system that processes and manipulates the files maintained at the Data Center. Emphasis is placed on providing users with an overview of the capabilities and uses of the NSSDC Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS). Examples given are taken from the files at the Data Center. Detailed information about NSSDC data files is documented in a set of File Users Guides, with one user's guide prepared for each file processed by SIRS. Detailed information about SIRS is presented in the SIRS Users Guide.

Shapiro, A.; Blecher, S.; Verson, E. E.; King, M. L. (editor)

1974-01-01

320

Using conjoint analysis to weight broiler welfare variables based on slaughterhouse data.  

PubMed

The Council of the European Union adopted the welfare directive for broiler chickens in 2007 (Commission of the European Communities, 2007). The directive defines minimum demands and objectives for broiler production ranging from stocking density to welfare. This study found that the level of nonhuman animal welfare can be determined, for example, with welfare indexes that have different weight values for welfare variables. A total of 20 poultry experts from slaughterhouses, the feed industry, administration, and research received simulated data on 24 flocks. This included data for 5 welfare variables based on postmortem meat inspection information on commercial flocks and based on literature: mortality during rearing, foot-pad score, and the incidence of ascites, dermatitis, and cachexia in routine meat inspection. The experts ranked these flocks from the worst to the best according to animal welfare. Conjoint analysis weighted the relative importance of the welfare variables for broiler welfare. The study based relative importance for broiler welfare on 20 expert opinions: 24.6% for mortality, 35.9% for foot-pad score, 19.7% for the incidence of ascites, 15.7% for the incidence of dermatitis, and 4.1% for the incidence of cachexia. In the future, an index for broiler welfare evaluation could be developed based on the results of this study. PMID:22233216

Tuunainen, Petra; Valaja, Jarmo; Valkonen, Eija; Hepola, Helena

2012-01-01

321

Providing consumer health information in the rural setting: Planetree Health Resource Center's approach  

PubMed Central

Both lifestyle and geography make the delivery of consumer health information in the rural setting unique. The Planetree Health Resource Center in The Dalles, Oregon, has served the public in a rural setting for the past eight years. It is a community-based consumer health library, affiliated with a small rural hospital, Mid-Columbia Medical Center. One task of providing consumer health information in rural environments is to be in relationship with individuals in the community. Integration into community life is very important for credibility and sustainability. The resource center takes a proactive approach and employs several different outreach efforts to deepen its relationship with community members. It also works hard to foster partnerships for improved health information delivery with other community organizations, including area schools. This paper describes Planetree Health Resource Center's approach to rural outreach.

Spatz, Michele A.

2000-01-01

322

Profiles of Victimized Women Among the Child Welfare Population: Implications for Targeted Child Welfare Policy and Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the call to address domestic violence along with child maltreatment, little information exists to guide services for\\u000a victimized women involved with child welfare. Research shows that victimized women contend with multiple problems stemming\\u000a from violent victimization. Unfortunately less is known about combinations of needs and resources among victimized women,\\u000a especially for those involved with child welfare. Through an examination

Patricia L. Kohl; Rebecca J. Macy

2008-01-01

323

Cartographic Encounters at the Bureau of Indian Affairs Geographic Information System Center of Calculation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The centering processes of geographic information system (GIS) development at the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was an extension of past cartographic encounters with American Indians through the central control of geospatial technologies, uneven development of geographic information resources, and extension of technically dependent…

Palmer, Mark H.

2012-01-01

324

REGIONAL CENTER FOR COLLECTION, SYNTHESIS AND DISSEMINATION OF CAREER INFORMATION FOR SCHOOLS OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS REGIONAL CENTER IS TO DEVELOP AN EFFICIENT SYSTEM OF PROVIDING CAREER INFORMATION TO SAN DIEGO COUNTY SCHOOLS. SIX JUNIOR COLLEGES ARE PARTICIPATING IN THE PILOT PROJECT. THE PROGRAM IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PHASES. THE FIRST IS THE COLLECTION AND SYNTHESIS OF OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION BASED UPON STUDENT AND COUNSELOR PERCEPTIONS OF…

GERSTEIN, MARTIN; HOOVER, RICHARD

325

The research plan of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In August 1988 the U.S. National Science Board established a National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. This paper, which is adapted from the proposal of the successful consortium, describes a multi-year research agenda built around the recognition of impediments to the successful application of geographical information systems technology. The impediments range in nature from technical to institutional and are

1989-01-01

326

Developing Subject-Related Web Sites Collaboratively: The Virtual Business Information Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a case study of the Virtual Business Information Center (VBIC), a collaborative effort since 1998 of the College of Information Studies, Robert H. Smith School of Business, and the University of Maryland Libraries. The case study traces its development, implementation, and evaluation and addresses collaboration among academic…

Abels, Eileen G.; White, Marilyn Domas; Kim, Soojung

2007-01-01

327

The Mechanized Information Center. Third Annual Report, February 1, 1973- January 31, 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mechanized Information Center (MIC) at Ohio State University conducts retrospective and current awareness searches using data bases for agriculture, chemistry, education, psychology, and social sciences, as well as a multidisciplinary data base. Described in the report are the history and background of MIC, the data bases, information

Ohio State Univ., Columbus.

328

ACCESSING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SERVICES AND VISUALIZATION PRODUCTS AT NOAA'S NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal in developing and deploying Geographic Information Services (GIS) at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is to provide users with simple access to data archives while integrating new and informative climate products. Users who are presented with data discovery options which flow into detailed product selection maps can search using standard \\

Rich Baldwin; Steve Ansari; Neal Lott; Glen Reid

329

Annotated Bibliography and Index of the Freedom of Information Center Reports and Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entries in this annotated bibliography and index include information on the following: 389 Freedom of Information Center Reports, 38 summary papers, 8 independent papers funded by a grant from the American Newspaper Publishers Association Foundation, and 15 position papers. The reports discuss a number of issues involved in mass communication…

Freedom of Information Center, Columbia, MO.

330

The Antarctic Geospatial Information Center: Three Years of Supporting Antarctic Science and Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Founded in 2007, the Antarctic Geospatial Information Center (AGIC) is dedicated to supporting and promoting the United States Antarctic Program (USAP) by providing geospatial information to Antarctic science, operations, and education communities. Since its inception, AGIC contributes to Antarctic science in four significant ways: 1) by direct geospatial support of research groups to advance science, 2) by authoring maps and

B. Herried; P. J. Morin; M. Larue; C. Porter; S. Niebuhr

2010-01-01

331

Radiation Shielding Information Center: a source of computer codes and data for fusion neutronics studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC), established in 1962 to collect, package, analyze, and disseminate information, computer codes, and data in the area of radiation transport related to fission, is now being utilized to support fusion neutronics technology. The major activities include: (1) answering technical inquiries on radiation transport problems, (2) collecting, packaging, testing, and disseminating computing technology and data

B. L. McGill; R. W. Roussin; D. K. Trubey; B. F. Maskewitz

1980-01-01

332

Biomedical Computing Technology Information Center: introduction and report of early progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

In July 1975, the Biomedical Computing Technology Information Center (BCTIC) was established by the Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research of the U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. BCTIC collects, organizes, evaluates, and disseminates information on computing technology pertinent to biomedicine, providing needed routes of communication between installations and serving as a

B. F. Maskewitz; R. L. Henne; W. J. McClain

1976-01-01

333

Development of an Integrated Record Input System (IRIS) for DOE's Technical Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the Integrated Record Input System (IRIS) that is being developed by the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to provide computer-assisted aids to document indexing for the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center Energy Information Data Base. Background and motivation and described, project scope and goals and given, and the software available in September 1982 in discussed in detail. An

B. A. Cerny; J. D. Lawrence; T. Hammond; A. M. Okseniuk

1982-01-01

334

Sustainable patient information network (SPaIN) for primary care health center in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable patient information network for primary care health center is needed for Indonesia. There are many of remote, isolated or urban area, which causes transportation problems and telecommunication problems, for example: necessity of wireless infrastructure. The Internet and its free software is the main agent for this system combining with information and communication technology. We develop low speed communication system

I. T. Pambudi; T. Hayasaka; T. Tsubota; S. Wada; T. Yamaguchi

2003-01-01

335

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural…

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

336

Social Capital and Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines social and economic inequalities in the United Kingdom. Demonstrates how children's welfare and family functioning are crucially dependent upon locally available social support. Argues that building social capital in poor communities is more effective in promoting children's welfare than is present emphasis on formal child-protection and…

Jack, Gordon; Jordan, Bill

1999-01-01

337

Career Maturity of Welfare Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate the career maturity of welfare recipients, this thesis examines six independent variables: (1) race; (2) sex; (3) age; (4) level of formal education; (5) general intelligence; and (6) locus of control. Scales taken from the Career Maturity Inventory served as the dependent variables. The sample consisted of 83 welfare recipients who…

Beckman, Carol M.

338

Issues in Rural Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deals with some of the unique aspects of rural practice in child welfare, such as the interface between juvenile justice agencies and child welfare programs, poverty, and the changing roles (especially economic) of rural women. Demonstrates urban-type programs are often not appropriate in dealing with rural problems. (Author)

Jankovic, Joanne

1981-01-01

339

Climate Data from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

DOE Data Explorer

CDIAC products are indexed and searchable through a customized interface powered by ORNL's Mercury search engine. Products include numeric data packages, publications, trend data, atlases, models, etc. and can be searched for by subject area, keywords, authors, product numbers, time periods, collection sites, spatial references, etc. Some of the collections may also be included in the CDIAC publication Trends Online: A Compendium of Global Change Data. Most data sets, many with numerous data files, are free to download from CDIAC's ftp area. CDIAC lists the following collections under the broad heading of climate information: Global Temperature, Precipitation, Sea Level Pressure, and Station Pressure Data, United States Temperature, Precipitation, and Snow Data, USSR and People's Republic of China Climate Data, Cloud and Sunshine Data, and Other Climatic Data.

340

Optical information processing at NASA Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The combination of analog optical processors with digital electronic systems offers the potential of tera-OPS computational performance, while often requiring less power and weight relative to all-digital systems. NASA is working to develop and demonstrate optical processing techniques for on-board, real time science and mission applications. Current research areas and applications under investigation include optical matrix processing for space structure vibration control and the analysis of Space Shuttle Main Engine plume spectra, optical correlation-based autonomous vision for robotic vehicles, analog computation for robotic path planning, free-space optical interconnections for information transfer within digital electronic computers, and multiplexed arrays of fiber optic interferometric sensors for acoustic and vibration measurements.

Reid, Max B.; Bualat, Maria G.; Cho, Young C.; Downie, John D.; Gary, Charles K.; Ma, Paul W.; Ozcan, Meric; Pryor, Anna H.; Spirkovska, Lilly

1993-01-01

341

The Unfinished Business of Welfare Reform: Improving Prospects for Poor Children and Youth. Perspectives from Research. A Special Child Trends Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As federal and state officials consider the reauthorization of the block grants at the center of the 1996 federal welfare reform law, it is critical that they use findings from research regarding the impact of welfare reform to guide their decisions. This special report examines the impact of welfare reform on children and youth, drawing on…

Scarupa, Harriet J., Ed.

342

The Operation of a Specialized Scientific Information and Data Analysis Center With Computer Base and Associated Communications Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) is a highly sophisticated scientific information center operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Its information file, which consists of both data and bibliographic information, is computer stored and numerous programs have been developed to facilitate the…

Cottrell, William B.; And Others

343

Learning Curves: Making Quality Online Health Information Available at a Fitness Center.  

PubMed

Meeting consumer health information needs can be a challenge. Research suggests that women seek health information from a variety of resources, including the Internet. In an effort to make women aware of reliable health information sources, the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - Shreveport Medical Library engaged in a partnership with a franchise location of Curves International, Inc. This article will discuss the project, its goals and its challenges. PMID:22545020

Dobbins, Montie T; Tarver, Talicia; Adams, Mararia; Jones, Dixie A

2012-01-01

344

Learning Curves: Making Quality Online Health Information Available at a Fitness Center  

PubMed Central

Meeting consumer health information needs can be a challenge. Research suggests that women seek health information from a variety of resources, including the Internet. In an effort to make women aware of reliable health information sources, the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center – Shreveport Medical Library engaged in a partnership with a franchise location of Curves International, Inc. This article will discuss the project, its goals and its challenges.

Dobbins, Montie T.; Tarver, Talicia; Adams, Mararia; Jones, Dixie A.

2012-01-01

345

Nuclear Regulatory Commission programs are supported by the technology resources of the Engineering Physics Information Centers  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Physics Information Centers (EPIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have two activities which support NRC Programs, the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) and the Technical Data Management Center (TDMC). The older of the two, RSIC, was established in 1963 as an Information Analysis Center in the general field of radiation shielding, transport, and protection. It has multiple agency funding to acquire, evaluate, organize, and distribute information (including computing technology and numerical data) relevant to its field. The TDMC was established in 1978 to perform work for NRC in fields not related to RSIC's subject coverage and to perform tasks beyond the normal level of activity for RSIC. The two centers share administrative functions, physical premises, specialists skills, and computing resources. The NRC/ADM/TIDC monitors the cosponsorship of RSIC for coverage of agency-wide interests and plans, directs, and coordinates the work of the TDMC, including the establishment of TDMC as the agency-wide repository for packaged computer-related technical information products. The contract monitor is Myrna L. Steele.

Hatmaker, N.A.; Roussin, R.W.; White, J.E.

1986-01-01

346

Producing optimized ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy color centers for quantum information applications  

SciTech Connect

Quantum information applications place stringent demands on the development of platforms that can host them. Color centers in diamond have been identified as important media for quantum information processing. Accordingly, the photoluminescence properties of nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers in diamond created by implantation and annealing are studied at cryogenic temperatures (below 10 K). We examine high pressure high temperature and chemical vapor deposition synthetic diamonds with varying nitrogen concentration and present an accurate method to estimate the concentration of the (N-V) centers created by ion implantation. The ion irradiation route produced up to 6 ppm of optically active (N-V) centers, while nitrogen implantation yielded up to 3 ppm of optically active (N-V) with 8% conversion efficiency. However, a broadening of the (N-V){sup -} zero phonon line was observed in all samples.

Aharonovich, Igor; Fairchild, Barbara A.; Orwa, Julius; Ganesan, Kumaravelu; Greentree, Andrew D.; Prawer, Steven [School of Physics, University Of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010 (Australia); Santori, Charles; Fu, Kai-Mei C.; Beausoleil, Raymond G. [Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)

2009-12-15

347

Child welfare worker caseload: what's just right?  

PubMed

This study was designed to establish a caseload standard for child welfare workers. Understanding reasonable workload expectations for child welfare workers is a cornerstone of quality service provision and the recruitment and retention of qualified workers. Because of the analytic complexity of this question, qualitative and quantitative methods were used.The mixed methods included focus group sessions involving 60 Children, Youth and Families (CYF) workers, analysis of more than 16,000 CYF cases maintained by the CYF information management system, and job shadowing of 34 randomly selected CYF workers for an aggregate of 5,600 work hours. The study was conducted on the CYF located in Pittsburgh. Results indicated that, on average, some CYF workers had been assigned twice as many cases as the 16 to 17 per month suggested as reasonable by the present findings. PMID:19780466

Yamatani, Hide; Engel, Rafael; Spjeldnes, Solveig

2009-10-01

348

Real-Time Data Processing Systems and Products at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) receives data from over 400 seismic sites located within the state boundaries and the surrounding regions and serves as a regional data center. In 2007, the AEIC reported ~20,000 seismic events, with the largest event of M6.6 in Andreanof Islands. The real-time earthquake detection and data processing systems at AEIC are based on the

N. A. Ruppert; R. A. Hansen

2007-01-01

349

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases Fiscal Year 2001 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which includes the World Data Center (WDC) for Atmospheric Trace Gases, is the primary global change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an archive of data sets and publications, CDIAC has, since its inception in 1982, enhanced the value of its holdings through intensive quality assurance, documentation, and integration. Whereas many traditional data centers are discipline-based (for example, meteorology or oceanography), CDIAC's scope includes potentially anything and everything that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change, including concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other radiatively active gases in the atmosphere; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; emissions of CO{sub 2} and other trace gases to the atmosphere; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated CO{sub 2} on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea levels. CDIAC is located within the Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. CDIAC is co-located with ESD researchers investigating global-change topics, such as the global carbon cycle and the effects of carbon dioxide on climate and vegetation. CDIAC staff are also connected with current ORNL research on related topics, such as renewable energy and supercomputing technologies. CDIAC is supported by the Environmental Sciences Division (Jerry Elwood, Director) of DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research. CDIAC represents DOE in the multi-agency Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS). Wanda Ferrell is DOE's Program Manager with overall responsibility for CDIAC. Roger Dahlman is responsible for CDIAC's AmeriFlux tasks, and Anna Palmisano for CDIAC's Ocean Data tasks. CDIAC is made up of three groups: Data Systems, Information Services, and Computer Systems, with nineteen full-time or part-time staff. The following section provides details on CDIAC's staff and organization. The Data Systems Group identifies and obtains databases important to global-change research; analyzes data; compiles needed databases; provides data management and support to specific programs [e.g., NARSTO, Free-Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment (FACE), AmeriFlux, Oceans]; and prepares documentation to ensure the long-term utility of CDIAC's data holdings. The Information Services Group responds to data and information requests; maintains records of all request activities; analyzes user statistics; assists in Web development and maintenance; and produces CDIAC's newsletter (CDIAC Communications), the fiscal year annual reports, and various information materials. The Computer Systems Group provides computer system support for all CDIAC and WDC activities; designs and maintains CDIAC's computing system network; ensures compliance with ORNL/DOE computing security regulations; ensures long-term preservation of CDIAC data holdings through systematic backups; evaluates, develops, and implements software; ensures standards compliance; generates user statistics; provides Web design, development, and oversight; and provides systems analysis and programming assistance for scientific data projects.

Cushman, R.M.

2002-10-15

350

Information System Success Model for Customer Relationship Management System in Health Promotion Centers  

PubMed Central

Objectives Intensified competitiveness in the healthcare industry has increased the number of healthcare centers and propelled the introduction of customer relationship management (CRM) systems to meet diverse customer demands. This study aimed to develop the information system success model of the CRM system by investigating previously proposed indicators within the model. Methods The evaluation areas of the CRM system includes three areas: the system characteristics area (system quality, information quality, and service quality), the user area (perceived usefulness and user satisfaction), and the performance area (personal performance and organizational performance). Detailed evaluation criteria of the three areas were developed, and its validity was verified by a survey administered to CRM system users in 13 nationwide health promotion centers. The survey data were analyzed by the structural equation modeling method, and the results confirmed that the model is feasible. Results Information quality and service quality showed a statistically significant relationship with perceived usefulness and user satisfaction. Consequently, the perceived usefulness and user satisfaction had significant influence on individual performance as well as an indirect influence on organizational performance. Conclusions This study extends the research area on information success from general information systems to CRM systems in health promotion centers applying a previous information success model. This lays a foundation for evaluating health promotion center systems and provides a useful guide for successful implementation of hospital CRM systems.

Choi, Wona; Rho, Mi Jung; Park, Jiyun; Kim, Kwang-Jum; Kwon, Young Dae

2013-01-01

351

Technology for libraries and information centers: A seminar in Greece, Portugal, and Turkey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information technologies are evolving at a rapid pace in today's world. But the electronic technologies needed to transform today's libraries and information centers into electronic 'libraries without walls', where an end-user has instantaneous access to all the information needed from a desktop workstation, have not yet arrived. Even so, there are many technologies available today that can be applied in the library/information center environment to yield increased productivity. However, not all technologies are right for or successful in every environment. Mission, budget, infrastructure, client profiles, and staff skills are a few of the 'environmental' issues that must be considered when selecting and introducing new technologies into a particular information center. Key technologies used in libraries today are reviewed; it can be used as background for targeting technologies that could be successfully implemented in your own environment to further service goals. Before focusing on a selection of technologies, you must first focus on the strategic goal of your organization. The same technology is not right for every library/information center. An overview of technologies that are readily available and can be applied today is presented.

Cotter, Gladys A.

1992-01-01

352

Good animal welfare makes economic sense: potential of pig abattoir meat inspection as a welfare surveillance tool.  

PubMed

During abattoir meat inspection pig carcasses are partially or fully condemned upon detection of disease that poses a risk to public health or welfare conditions that cause animal suffering e.g. fractures. This incurs direct financial losses to producers and processors. Other health and welfare-related conditions may not result in condemnation but can necessitate 'trimming' of the carcass e.g. bruising, and result in financial losses to the processor. Since animal health is a component of animal welfare these represent a clear link between suboptimal pig welfare and financial losses to the pig industry.Meat inspection data can be used to inform herd health programmes, thereby reducing the risk of injury and disease and improving production efficiency. Furthermore, meat inspection has the potential to contribute to surveillance of animal welfare. Such data could contribute to reduced losses to producers and processors through lower rates of carcass condemnations, trimming and downgrading in conjunction with higher pig welfare standards on farm. Currently meat inspection data are under-utilised in the EU, even as a means of informing herd health programmes. This includes the island of Ireland but particularly the Republic.This review describes the current situation with regard to meat inspection regulation, method, data capture and utilisation across the EU, with special reference to the island of Ireland. It also describes the financial losses arising from poor animal welfare (and health) on farms. This review seeks to contribute to efforts to evaluate the role of meat inspection as a surveillance tool for animal welfare on-farm, using pigs as a case example. PMID:22738170

Harley, Sarah; More, Simon; Boyle, Laura; Connell, Niamh O'; Hanlon, Alison

2012-01-01

353

Good animal welfare makes economic sense: potential of pig abattoir meat inspection as a welfare surveillance tool  

PubMed Central

During abattoir meat inspection pig carcasses are partially or fully condemned upon detection of disease that poses a risk to public health or welfare conditions that cause animal suffering e.g. fractures. This incurs direct financial losses to producers and processors. Other health and welfare-related conditions may not result in condemnation but can necessitate ‘trimming’ of the carcass e.g. bruising, and result in financial losses to the processor. Since animal health is a component of animal welfare these represent a clear link between suboptimal pig welfare and financial losses to the pig industry. Meat inspection data can be used to inform herd health programmes, thereby reducing the risk of injury and disease and improving production efficiency. Furthermore, meat inspection has the potential to contribute to surveillance of animal welfare. Such data could contribute to reduced losses to producers and processors through lower rates of carcass condemnations, trimming and downgrading in conjunction with higher pig welfare standards on farm. Currently meat inspection data are under-utilised in the EU, even as a means of informing herd health programmes. This includes the island of Ireland but particularly the Republic. This review describes the current situation with regard to meat inspection regulation, method, data capture and utilisation across the EU, with special reference to the island of Ireland. It also describes the financial losses arising from poor animal welfare (and health) on farms. This review seeks to contribute to efforts to evaluate the role of meat inspection as a surveillance tool for animal welfare on-farm, using pigs as a case example.

2012-01-01

354

Prototyping an institutional IAIMS/UMLS information environment for an academic medical center.  

PubMed Central

The paper describes a prototype information environment designed to link network-based information resources in an integrated fashion and thus enhance the information capabilities of an academic medical center. The prototype was implemented on a single Macintosh computer to permit exploration of the overall "information architecture" and to demonstrate the various desired capabilities prior to full-scale network-based implementation. At the heart of the prototype are two components: a diverse set of information resources available over an institutional computer network and an information sources map designed to assist users in finding and accessing information resources relevant to their needs. The paper describes these and other components of the prototype and presents a scenario illustrating its use. The prototype illustrates the link between the goals of two National Library of Medicine initiatives, the Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS) and the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

Miller, P L; Paton, J A; Clyman, J I; Powsner, S M

1992-01-01

355

The OCHIN community information network: bringing together community health centers, information technology, and data to support a patient-centered medical village.  

PubMed

Creating integrated, comprehensive care practices requires access to data and informatics expertise. Information technology (IT) resources are not readily available to individual practices. One model of shared IT resources and learning is a "patient-centered medical village." We describe the OCHIN Community Health Information Network as an example of this model; community practices have come together collectively to form an organization that leverages shared IT expertise, resources, and data, providing members with the means to fully capitalize on new technologies that support improved care. This collaborative facilitates the identification of "problem sheds" through surveillance of network-wide data, enables shared learning regarding best practices, and provides a "community laboratory" for practice-based research. As an example of a community of solution, OCHIN uses health IT and data-sharing innovations to enhance partnerships between public health leaders, clinicians in community health centers, informatics experts, and policy makers. OCHIN community partners benefit from the shared IT resource (eg, a linked electronic health record, centralized data warehouse, informatics, and improvement expertise). This patient-centered medical village provides (1) the collective mechanism to build community-tailored IT solutions, (2) "neighbors" to share data and improvement strategies, and (3) infrastructure to support innovations based on electronic health records across communities, using experimental approaches. PMID:23657695

Devoe, Jennifer E; Sears, Abigail

2013-01-01

356

Feasibility Study for Tashkent University of Information Technology. Center for Women's Training in Telecommunications and IT. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Telecom/Telematique Inc. conducted the feasibility study on Center for Women's Training in Telecommunications and IT. This training center will be based at Tashkent University for Information Communication Technologies in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. It will del...

2004-01-01

357

Screening for Domestic Violence in Public Welfare Offices  

PubMed Central

Despite a high prevalence of domestic violence among welfare clients, most studies of the implementation of the Family Violence Option (FVO) under welfare reform find that women rarely receive domestic violence services in welfare offices. This study reviews findings from current research on the factors that improve the likelihood that women will reveal their domestic violence experiences to service personnel, and uses the guidelines drawn from this review to evaluate domestic violence screening practices in welfare offices using 782 transcribed interviews between welfare workers and clients from 11 sites in four states. The analysis found that only 9.3% of case encounters involved screening for domestic violence. Screening rates differed by state, interview type, and length of worker employment. Qualitative analysis of the interviews showed that the majority of screening by workers was routinized or consisted of informing clients of the domestic violence policy without asking about abuse. Only 1.2% of the interviews incorporated at least two of the procedures that increase the likelihood of disclosure among domestic violence survivors, suggesting deeply inadequate approaches to screening for abuse within the context of welfare offices, and a need for improved training, protocol, and monitoring of FVO implementation.

Lindhorst, Taryn; Meyers, Marcia; Casey, Erin

2008-01-01

358

Conceptual strategic plan for the GRI Environmental Technology Information Center. Topical report  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes the results of a survey conducted to develop a strategic plan for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) environmental technology information center. The initial concept was that of a service to provide environmental technology information to GRI members. For the survey, an investigation of nine information services was conducted, through on-site visits and interviews. Information products and services and their combinations generally offered are discussed. Best industry practices are highlighted, and sample markets are outlined. Details on the survey are presented in appendixes.

Millet, S.; Young, J.

1993-12-01

359

Organic Food Production: Resource from the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC) is a specialized segment of the National Agricultural Library. AFSIC provides this Web site as a collection of resources and information on organically produced foods. The site provides links to numerous government agencies and other organizations aimed at supporting organic agriculture. An assortment of AFSIC publications includes tips for searching for organic agriculture information, as well as compiled lists of resources on topics like organic gardening, marketing organic foods, and nutritive content of organically produced foods. This is a beneficial resource for those pursuing detailed information on organic food production.

360

The diffusion of information centers: patterns of innovation adoption by professional subunits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid diffusion of information centers (ICS) since the mid1970s is a striking example of innovation by Information Systems (IS) departments responding as professional organizational subunits to substantial environmental change. This study identifies those characteristics of IS departments that correlate with the establishment of lCS. The IS department has typically provided the services now being provided by the lC and

Mary K. Fuller; E. Burton Swanson

1992-01-01

361

Study of ICC-CPFR Multi-layer Data Flow Modeling Based on Cooperative Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

CPFR is the key to successful application of information-sharing, this paper presents the ICC-CPFR model based on Cooperative Information Center. For supplier - Manufacturer - Retailer multi-level situation, the data flow of ICC-CPFR model is studied, including the data flow analysis of collaborative strategy building, business plan development, data warehouse construction, sale demand forecast, production order forecast, raw material demand

Chen Jiajuan; Guo Yufei; Fang Yuanchen; Huang Jingyun

2010-01-01

362

Convergence in Germany: the Information, Communication and Media Center (ICMC\\/IKMZ) of Cottbus University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to ask why the libraries and the computer and media centres of German universities are picking up too little to improve the conditions for learning, teaching and research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – With the founding of the Information, Communication and Media Center\\/Informations-, Kommunikations- und Medienzentrums (ICMC\\/IKMZ), the central services of the Brandenburg Technical University

Andreas Degkwitz

2006-01-01

363

Undergraduate Perceptions of Information Use: The Basis for Creating User-Centered Student Information Literacy Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current information literacy pedagogy, usually tied to a particular set of skills, does not adequately address the needs of learners. Using a phenomenographic method, this study reveals the three ways that undergraduate students conceptualize information use. Knowing how undergraduates understand information use allows educators to create enhanced learning environments.

Clarence Maybee

2006-01-01

364

Quantum information processing with diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers coupled to microcavities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scalable quantum information processing using nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond will be difficult without the ability to couple the centers to optical microcavities and waveguides. Here we present our preliminary result of coupling a single NV center in a nanoparticle to a silica microdisk at cryogenic temperatures. The cavity-coupled NV photoluminescence is coupled out of the cavity through a tapered fiber. Although the current system is limited by the spectral properties of the NV center and the Q of the cavity, efficient particle-cavity and cavity-waveguide coupling should lead to the realization of a "one-dimensional atom" as needed for CQED, enable single-shot electron-spin readout, and increase the probability of success in entanglement schemes based on single-photon detection.

Fu, Kai-Mei C.; Santori, Charles; Spillane, Sean; Beausoleil, Raymond G.

2008-03-01

365

The Future of Poultry Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In contemplating the future of poultry welfare, one must be aware of the current situation in the context of how this issue\\u000a has evolved. From this perspective, one may project forward to identify opportunities for continued advancements and barriers\\u000a that must be negotiated. In this chapter, we will explore the development of poultry welfare as a topic of public concern

Suzanne T. Millman; Joy A. Mench; Anne E. Malleau

366

Sheep Welfare: A Future Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is every indication that animal welfare will continue to be a major issue affecting livestock farming in the future.\\u000a At the same time sheep farming is under pressure worldwide to become a lower-input farming enterprise. The drive to lower\\u000a inputs and, in particular, restrictions on labour could have important implications for animal welfare by reducing levels\\u000a of care and

A. B. Lawrence; J. Conington

367

An Information Building on Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy for the French CEA Cadarache Research Center - 13492  

SciTech Connect

The CEA Cadarache research center is one of the 10 research centers of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). Distributed throughout various research platforms, it focuses on nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, new energy technologies (hydrogen, solar, biomass) and fundamental research in the field of vegetal biology. It is the most important technological research and development centers for energy in Europe. Considering the sensitive nature of nuclear activities, the questions surrounding the issue of radioactive waste, the nuclear energy and the social, economic and environmental concerns for present and future generations, the French Government asked nuclear actors to open communication and to give all the information asked by the Local Information Commission (CLI) and the public [1]. In this context, the CEA Cadarache has decided to better show and explain its expertise and experience in the area of nuclear energy and nuclear power plant design, and to make it available to stakeholders and to the public. CEA Cadarache receives each year more than 9000 visitors. To complete technical visits of the research facilities and laboratories, a scientific cultural center has been built in 2011 to inform the public on CEA Cadarache research activities and to facilitate the acceptance of nuclear energy in a way suited to the level of knowledge of the visitors. A modern interactive exhibition of 150 m{sup 2} allows visitors to find out more about energy, CEA Cadarache research programs, radioactive waste management and radiological impact on the research center activities. It also offers an auditorium for group discussions and for school groups to discover science through enjoyment. This communication center has received several thousand visitors since its opening on October 2011; the initial results of this experience are now available. It's possible to explain the design of this exhibition, to give some statistics on the number of the visitors, their characteristics and their perception after their center visits. (authors)

Brunel, Guy; Denis, Dominique; Boulet, Alain [Commissariat a l'energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives - CEA-Cadarache, DEN/CEACAD/UCAP, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)] [Commissariat a l'energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives - CEA-Cadarache, DEN/CEACAD/UCAP, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)

2013-07-01

368

Four-Year Summary, Educational and Commercial Utilization of a Chemical Information Center. Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major objective of the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) Computer Search Center (CSC) is to educate and link industry, academia, and government institutions to chemical and other scientific information systems and sources. The CSC is in full operation providing services to users from a variety of machine-readable data bases with minimal…

Schipma, Peter B., Ed.

369

Nothing At The Center?: Academic Legitimacy in the Information Systems Field12  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in the information system (IS) field have recently called for the field to legitimate itself by erecting a strong theoretical core at its center. This paper examines this proposition, and concludes that it is logically invalid and does not recognize ample evidence to the contrary from the history of other disciplines. We construct a broader concept of academic legitimacy

Kalle Lyytinen; John Leslie King

2004-01-01

370

A User-Centered Cooperative Information System for Medical Imaging Diagnosis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a cooperative information system for remote medical imaging diagnosis. General computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) problems addressed are definition of a procedure for the design of user-centered cooperative systems (conceptual level); and improvement of user feedback and optimization of the communication bandwidth in highly…

Gomez, Enrique J.; Quiles, Jose A.; Sanz, Marcos F.; del Pozo, Francisco

1998-01-01

371

ERIC Annual Report, 2000: Summarizing the Recent Accomplishments of the Educational Resources Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2000 annual report, summarizing the accomplishments of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system in 1999, begins with a section that highlights progress towards meeting goals, as well as selected statistics. The second section, comprising the bulk of the report, provides an overview of ERIC, including the ERIC database, user…

Smarte, Lynn

372

Status of multigroup sensitivity profiles and covariance matrices available from the radiation shielding information center  

SciTech Connect

In recent years multigroup sensitivity profiles and covariance matrices have been added to the Radiation Shielding Information Center's Data Library Collection (DLC). Sensitivity profiles are available in a single package. DLC-45/SENPRO, and covariance matrices are found in two packages, DLC-44/COVERX and DLC-77/COVERV. The contents of these packages are described and their availability is discussed.

Roussin, R.W.; Drischler, J.D.; Marable, J.H.

1980-01-01

373

A Bibliography of Publications about the Educational Resources Information Center. (Covering the Period 1979-1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of a comprehensive search for documents about the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) published between 1979 and 1984, this bibliography lists 131 entries which approach ERIC in several different ways: documents of historical interest in the development of ERIC; "how to" items whose object is to initiate the user into the…

Brandhorst, Ted, Ed.

374

Collaborative Partnerships between SEAs and Parent Training and Information Centers (PTIs). inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to identify the features of four successful collaborative partnerships between state education agencies (SEAs) and parent training and information centers (PTIs) and describe how these collaborative partnerships are improving SEA outcomes on Indicator B8 of the state performance plans (SPPs)--i.e., "Percent of…

Muller, Eve

2007-01-01

375

Integrated record input system (IRIS) for the DOE/Technical Information Center  

SciTech Connect

A system to provide computer assisted aids to document indexing for the Department of Energy Technical Information Center Database is being developed. One aspect of this system is a special-purpose full-screen text editor. This paper describes the need for a special-purpose editor, experience learned from a prototype, the current status of the project, and implications for TIC's productivity.

Lawrence, J.D.

1983-10-01

376

National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing. Program summary report, Volume II  

SciTech Connect

The National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing focused on manufacturing research and development for flat panel displays, advanced lithography, microelectronics, and optoelectronics. This report provides an overview of the program, program history, summaries of the technical projects, and key program accomplishments.

NONE

1996-10-01

377

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for calendar year 1980  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a compilation of the scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center has produced during the calendar year 1980. Approximately 1400 citations are given. Formal reports, quick-release technical memorandums, contractor reports, journal articles, meeting/conference papers, computer programs, tech briefs, patents, and unpublished research are included.

1981-01-01

378

A Computerized Information Retrieval System for the Technical Assistance Center Clearinghouse: A Feasibility Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report first analyzes the need for a Technical Assistance Center (TAC) Clearinghouse, which would provide a range of services including question answering for state and local education agencies, workshop preparation assistance, and literature surveys. Addressing the question of feasibility of a computerized information retrieval system for…

Buckley, Joseph J.

379

The Intelligence Fusion Center (IFC): a COTS-based information retrieval, processing, and archiving system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Central Intelligence Agency's Intelligence Fusion Center (IFC) uses an integrated commercial-off-the-shelf information processing, archiving and retrieval system designed to support analysts, watch officers and managers in a multilevel secure environment. The system receives and processes documents from many electronic sources, including internal agency message traffic, external message traffic from multiple agencies and organizations and press feeds. Manual input of

M. Powers

1997-01-01

380

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

381

Lunar Data Information Center: A Shortcut to the Riddle of the Moon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lunar Data Information Center is a reference and lending collection for researchers, educators, and students of lunar science, worldwide. Such methods as a classification scheme for mission-oriented documentation, sample photo browse files, lunar feature index, and color coding have resulted in a user-oriented collection. Search capability is…

Waranius, Frances B.; Heiken, Jody H.

1975-01-01

382

Critical success factors for the implementation of information center in Hong Kong's banking industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Centers (ICs) are an important strategic component in the overall End-user Computing strategies of many banks in Hong Kong, This paper presents the research tindings on the differences and similarities in perceptions of IC managers and IC users towards a list of Critical Success Factors (CSFS). Data was collected through a mail questionnaire survey conducted in late 1992. Nineteen

Willie Yip; Chi Wing To; Louis C. K. Ma

1993-01-01

383

Integrated record input system (IRIS) for the DOE\\/Technical Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system to provide computer assisted aids to document indexing for the Department of Energy Technical Information Center Database is being developed. One aspect of this system is a special-purpose full-screen text editor. This paper describes the need for a special-purpose editor, experience learned from a prototype, the current status of the project, and implications for TIC's productivity.

1983-01-01

384

The Biomedical Computing Technology Information Center (BCTIC) sharing programs, data, and interface designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to a recognized need to facilitate computing technology transfer in biomedicine, the Biomedical Computing Technology Information Center (BCTIC) was established by the Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research (DBER) of the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in July of 1975. BCTIC forged ahead into the tasks of designing guidelines and procedures,

Betty F. Maskewitz; R. L. Henne; W. J. McClain

1976-01-01

385

Research and Design of Educational Resource Information Center for Investors Based on J2EE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the education for investors is becoming more and more important throughout nations, and China also wants to put it forward into the national educational system. With the development of IT, the original ways of education has changed greatly. This article presents a loose coupling and easily integrated way to build educational resource information center for investors (ERICI) against the

Kai Cao; Xiaoyun Zhu

2008-01-01

386

Abstracts of digital computer code packages assembled by the Radiation Shielding Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication, ORNL\\/RSIC-13, Volumes I to III Revised, has resulted from an internal audit of the first 168 packages of computing technology in the Computer Codes Collection (CCC) of the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC). It replaces the earlier three documents published as single volumes between 1966 to 1972. A significant number of the early code packages were considered to

B. J. Carter; B. F. Maskewitz

1985-01-01

387

Biomedical Computing Technology Information Center (BCTIC) sharing program, data, and interface design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to a recognized need to facilitate computing technology transfer in biomedicine, the Biomedical Computing Technology Information Center (BCTIC) was established by the Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research (DBER) of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in July of 1975. This paper presents the problems BCTIC has set out to

B. F. Maskewitz; R. L. Henne; W. J. McClain

1976-01-01

388

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for Calendar Year 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compilation of the scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center has produced during the calendar year 1985 is presented. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and Other Publications, Meeting Presentations, Technical Talks, Computer Programs, Tech Briefs, and Patents.

1986-01-01

389

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for calendar year 1986  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a compilation of the scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center has produced during the calendar year 1986. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and Other Publications, Meeting Presentations, Techncial Talks, Computer Programs, Tech Briefs, and Patents.

1987-01-01

390

The Center for Electronic Imaging Systems: Imaging in the Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the dawning of the Information Age and the era of global competitiveness, new demands have been brought to universities to find ways of conducting basic research, of educating engineering students, and of interacting with government and industry. This paper describes an initiative that was created in Rochester, New York, an important center

George, Nicholas; George, Carol Neufeld

391

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for calendar year 1984  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center produced during the calendar year 1984 is compiled. Approximately 1650 citations are included comprising formal reports, quick-release technical memorandums, contractor reports, journal articles and other publications, meeting presentations, technical talks, computer programs, tech briefs, and patents.

1985-01-01

392

Center of Excellence in Space Data and Information Science, Year 9  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the range of computer science related activities undertaken by CESDIS(Center of Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences) for NASA in the twelve months from July 1, 1996 through June 30, 1997. These activities address issues related to accessing, processing, and analyzing data from space observing systems through collaborative efforts with university, industry, and NASA space and Earth scientists.

Yesha, Yelena

1997-01-01

393

Coverage Evaluation of the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results of an evaluation of coverage issues regarding the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. The objectives of this evaluation were to determine the accuracy and completeness of the final survey frame and to analyze the criteria used to classify federal library facilities as in-scope and out-of-scope.…

Curry, John; Kindel, Carrol

394

Individual Information-Centered Approach for Handling Physical Activity Missing Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to validate individual information (II)-centered methods for handling missing data, using data samples of 118 middle-aged adults and 91 older adults equipped with Yamax SW-200 pedometers and Actigraph accelerometers for 7 days. We used a semisimulation approach to create six data sets: three physical activity outcome…

Kang, Minsoo; Rowe, David A.; Barreira, Tiago V.; Robinson, Terrance S.; Mahar, Matthew T.

2009-01-01

395

Predicting the decisions of hospital based child protection teams to report to child protective services, police and community welfare services.  

PubMed

This study examines judgments made by hospital-based child protection teams (CPTs) when determining if there is reasonable suspicion that a child has been maltreated, and whether to report the case to a community welfare agency, to child protective services (CPS) and/or to the police. A prospective multi-center study of all 968 consecutive cases referred to CPTs during 2010-2011 in six medical centers in Israel. Centers were purposefully selected to represent the heterogeneity of medical centers in Israel in terms of size, geographical location and population characteristics. A structured questionnaire was designed to capture relevant information and judgments on each child referred to the team. Bivariate associations and multivariate multinomial logistic regressions were conducted to predict whether the decisions would be (a) to close the case, (b) to refer the case to community welfare services, or (c) to report it to CPS and/or the police. Bivariate and multivariate analyses identified a large number of case characteristics associated with higher probability of reporting to CPS/police or of referral to community welfare services. Case characteristics associated with the decisions include socio-demographic (e.g., ethnicity and financial status), parental functioning (e.g., mental health), previous contacts with authorities and hospital, current referral characteristics (e.g., parental referral vs. child referral), physical findings, and suspicious behaviors of child and parent. Most of the findings suggest that decisions of CPTs are based on indices that have strong support in the professional literature. Existing heterogeneity between cases, practitioners and medical centers had an impact on the overall predictability of the decision to report. Attending to collaboration between hospitals and community agencies is suggested to support learning and quality improvement. PMID:23948314

Benbenishty, Rami; Jedwab, Merav; Chen, Wendy; Glasser, Saralee; Slutzky, Hanna; Siegal, Gil; Lavi-Sahar, Zohar; Lerner-Geva, Liat

2014-01-01

396

Finding the Return on Investment: A Framework for Monitoring Local Child Welfare Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From year to year, child welfare directors allocate resources in the hope that their efforts will improve children's outcomes. Recently, with the help of the federal government, states have invested significant resources in the sort of information technology needed to run a smarter, more accountable child welfare system. In addition, science has…

Wulczyn, Fred H.; Orlebeke, Britany; Haight, Jennifer

2009-01-01

397

Welfare to Work: Early Childhood Care and Education. SERVE Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief of the Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE) provides information for policymakers, educators, parents, and citizens on the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. The brief discusses potential effects of welfare reform on children, describes research on welfare recipients and their children,…

Ahearn, Charles, Ed.; Chapman, Stephen, Ed.; Nalley, Donna, Ed.

398

The legal and ethical context for knowing and using the latest child welfare research.  

PubMed

Many child welfare researchers, policymakers, and practitioners are embracing evidence-based practice as a means of promoting more effective services. This article explores the implications of this movement, including the potential for malpractice liability, limiting the discretion of child welfare professionals, complications with informed consent, and other legal and ethical risks. PMID:19777793

Barsky, Allan E

2009-01-01

399

Children of Current and Former Welfare Recipients: Similarly at Risk. Child Trends Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research brief, one of a series being prepared to help inform the public debate surrounding the reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant, uses data from the 1999 National Survey of America's Families to examine the outcomes for children of welfare leavers and current welfare recipients; outcomes examined…

Tout, Kathryn; Scarpa, Juliet; Zaslow, Martha J.

400

Governmental Disability Welfare Expenditure and National Economic Growth from 1991 to 2006 in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the present study were to describe the welfare expenditure for people with disabilities and examine its relation to national economic growth from 1991 to 2006 in Taiwan. We analyzed data mainly from the information of population with disabilities, disability welfare expenditure and national economic growth and gross national…

Lin, Jin-Ding; Lin, Lan-Ping

2009-01-01

401

Moving from Pathology to Possibility: Integrating Strengths-Based Interventions in Child Welfare Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child welfare providers are increasingly required to demonstrate that strengths-based, evidence-informed practices are central to their intervention methodology. This case study describes how a large child welfare agency instituted cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as the core component of a strength-based practice model with the goal of…

Sabalauskas, Kara L.; Ortolani, Charles L.; McCall, Matthew J.

2014-01-01

402

Disseminating Maternal Health Information to Rural Women: A User Centered Design Framework  

PubMed Central

The delivery of primary health information to rural women is a considerable challenge for government and private sectors in rural India. This paper illustrates how by applying the proposed user centered framework dissemination of maternal health information to rural women can be improved. First, the paper presents baseline study to obtain existing knowledge level of women and design requirements for a Primary Health Information System (PHIS). Second, the paper presents a brief description of the PHIS system which was deployed in a village for sixteen months in rural India. Third, the paper explains longitudinal study conducted post intervention of PHIS to measure the impact of PHIS on the knowledge level and health behaviour of rural women in comparison to the baseline study. The results indicate that by following the proposed user centered approach to design the PHIS, a significant improvement in knowledge level of rural women and positive changes in health practices are achieved.

Parmar, Vikram

2010-01-01

403

University of California-Davis Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center:  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center is housed in the Pomology Department at the University of California-Davis. Postharvest Center research focuses on improving the quality of horticultural crops, reducing post-harvest losses, improving marketing efficiency, and solving produce handling problems. This Publications website contains a wealth of downloadable articles organized by a wide range of crops and related issues. The numerous publication categories include: Apples, Nectarines, Lettuce, Postharvest IPM, Health Benefits, Storage, and many more. Visitors can locate articles by browsing the site index or by using a keyword search engine.

404

Family Needs and Welfare Provisions. Socially Deprived Families and the Network of Social Welfare Services in Jerusalem: A Study of Congruence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was designed to examine some of the basic issues pertaining to the congruences and incongruences between prevalent welfare needs of families and available service provisions in Jerusalem. Such an examination was expected to yield information abo...

J. M. Rosenfeld L. Salzberger J. Matras

1973-01-01

405

The Oak Ridge Technical Information Center: A trailblazer in federal documentation  

SciTech Connect

This document attempts to record the history of US AEC`s Technical Information Center, from its conception (1947) to 1977. This organization centralizes and manages the issues related to control and dissemination of technical information, to fulfill the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946. TIC tried to search out and install efficient and economical systems for servicing the various technical information programs. It coordinated a direct organization-to-organization information exchange program, and it also participated in official bilateral exchange programs and in developing information systems for IAEA and Euratom. The work, planning, and strategies employed to achieve goals are chronicled in this document, with 18 chapters arranged into four sections according to different presidential administrations.

Vaden, W.M.

1992-01-01

406

The Oak Ridge Technical Information Center: A trailblazer in federal documentation  

SciTech Connect

This softbound book attempts to record the history of US AEC's Technical Information Center, from its conception (1947) to 1977. This organization centralizes and manages the issues related to control and dissemination of technical information, to fulfill the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946. TIC tried to search out and install efficient and economical systems for servicing the various technical information programs. It coordinated a direct organization-to-organization information exchange program, and it also participated in official bilateral exchange programs and in developing information systems for IAEA and Euratom. The work, planning, and strategies employed to achieve goals are chronicled in this book, whose 18 chapters are arranged into four sections according to different presidential administrations.

Vaden, W.M.

1992-01-01

407

Toward Self Sufficiency: Social Issues in the Nineties. Proceedings of the National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (33rd, Scottsdale, Arizona, August 7-11, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentations compiled in these proceedings on welfare and self-sufficiency reflect much of the current research in areas of housing, health, employment and training, welfare and reform, nutrition, child support, child care, and youth. The first section provides information on the conference and on the National Association for Welfare Research…

National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics, Olympia, WA.

408

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The Project, called the Informal Science Educators Network Project (ISEN), is composed primarily of informal science educators and exhibit developers from science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, parks, and nature centers. Although museum-based professionals represent the majority of subscribers to ISEN, also involved are some classroom teachers and teacher educators from colleges and universities. Common to all ISEN participants is a commitment to school and science education reform. Specifically, funding from the Department of Energy helped to boot strap the effort, providing Barrier Reduction Vouchers to 123 educators that enabled them participate in ISEN. Among the major accomplishments of the Project are these: (1) assistance to 123 informal science educators to attend Internet training sessions held in connection with the Project and/or purchase hardware and software that linked them to the Internet; (2) Internet training for 153 informal science educators; (3) development of a listserv which currently has over 180 subscribers--an all-time high; (4) opportunity to participate in four web chats involving informal science educators with noted researchers; (5) development of two sites on the World Wide Web linking informal science educators to Internet resources; (6) creation of an on-line collection of over 40 articles related to inquiry-based teaching and science education reform. In order to continue the momentum of the Project, ASTC has requested from the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science project a no/cost extension through December 1997.

NONE

1997-05-09

409

Health Information Security: A Case Study of Three Selected Medical Centers in Iran  

PubMed Central

Health Information System (HIS) is considered a unique factor in improving the quality of health care activities and cost reduction, but today with the development of information technology and use of internet and computer networks, patients’ electronic records and health information systems have become a source for hackers. Methods This study aims at checking health information security of three selected medical centers in Iran using AHP fuzzy and TOPSIS compound model. To achieve that security measures were identified, based on the research literature and decision making matrix using experts’ points of view. Results and discussion Among the 27 indicators, seven indicators were selected as effective indicators and Fuzzy AHP technique was used to determine the importance of security indicators. Based on the comparisons made between the three selected medical centers to assess the security of health information, it is concluded that Chamran hospital has the most acceptable level of security and attention in three indicators of “verification and system design, user access management, access control system”, Al Zahra Hospital in two indicators of “access management and network access control” and Amin Hospital in “equipment safety and system design”. In terms of information security, Chamran Hospital ranked first, Al-Zahra Hospital ranked second and Al- Zahra hospital has the third place.

Hajrahimi, Nafiseh; Dehaghani, Sayed Mehdi Hejazi; Sheikhtaheri, Abbas

2013-01-01

410

Invertebrate welfare: an overlooked issue.  

PubMed

While invertebrates make up the majority of animal species, their welfare is overlooked compared to the concern shown to vertebrates. This fact is highlighted by the near absence of regulations in animal research, with the exception of cephalopods in the European Union. This is often justified by assumptions that invertebrates do not experience pain and stress while lacking the capacity for higher order cognitive functions. Recent research suggests that invertebrates may be just as capable as vertebrates in experiencing pain and stress, and some species display comparable cognitive capacities. Another obstacle is the negative view of invertebrates by the public, which often regards them as pests with no individual personalities, gastronomic entities, or individuals for scientific experimentation without rules. Increasingly, studies have revealed that invertebrates possess individual profiles comparable to the personalities found in vertebrates. Given the large economic impact of invertebrates, developing certain attitude changes in invertebrate welfare may be beneficial for producers while providing higher welfare conditions for the animals. While the immense number and type of species makes it difficult to suggest that all invertebrates will benefit from increased welfare, in this review we provide evidence that the topic of invertebrate welfare should be revisited, more thoroughly investigated, and in cases where appropriate, formally instituted. PMID:23535125

Horvath, Kelsey; Angeletti, Dario; Nascetti, Giuseppe; Carere, Claudio

2013-01-01

411

Readiness for Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology and Patient Centered Medical Home Recognition Survey Results  

PubMed Central

Objective Determine the factors that impact HIT use and MU readiness for community health centers (CHCs). Background The HITECH Act allocates funds to Medicaid and Medicare providers to encourage the adoption of electronic health records (EHR), in an effort to improve health care quality and patient outcomes, and to reduce health care costs. Methods We surveyed CHCs on their Readiness for Meaningful Use (MU) of Health Information Technology (HIT) and Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) Recognition, then we combined responses with 2009 Uniform Data System data to determine which factors impact use of HIT and MU readiness. Results Nearly 70% of CHCs had full or partial EHR adoption at the time of survey. Results are presented for centers with EHR adoption, by the length of time that their EHR systems have been in operation.

Shin, Peter; Sharac, Jessica

2013-01-01

412

EDITORIAL: NASA NEESPI Data and Services Center for Satellite Remote Sensing Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA NEESPI Data Center is an online multi-sensor archive and distribution system of satellite remote sensing data designed to provide advanced data management capabilities in support of the NEESPI scientific objectives. Its tools include data analysis, visualization, and other techniques enhancing exploration of scientific data. The NASA NEESPI Data Center portal integrates remote sensing data from MODIS, AIRS, OMI, and other instruments onboard polar-orbiting satellites with customized data products from climatology data sets and models into a single 'one-stop-shop' interdisciplinary NASA-NEESPI data center. The system promotes inter-comparison and on-line analysis of scientific data from various sources by bringing data to common grids while preserving available and statistically important information from higher resolution inputs. The NEESPI instance of Giovanni features the first collection of atmospheric, fire, and snow and ice data products, organized to provide quick and user-friendly exploration capabilities.

Leptoukh, Gregory; Csiszar, Ivan; Romanov, Peter; Shen, Suhung; Loboda, Tatiana; Gerasimov, Irina

2007-10-01

413

An Evaluation of the El Centro de la Causa Library and Information Center: August 1973 through July 1974. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of Chicago's El Centro de la Causa Library and Information Center was undertaken by the University of Illinois Library Research Center in 1974. Evaluation methods included: (1) a survey of user and nonuser characteristics and attitudes concerning library services; (2) a survey of the needs and information-seeking behavior of people…

Michael, Mary Ellen; Encarnacion, Leticia

414

Creative Pedagogy: A Qualitative Study of Immersive Learning at the Center for Information and Communication Sciences (CICS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Information and Communication Sciences graduate program commenced at Ball State University in 1986 with a specific focus to train graduate students to be leaders in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry. The Center is the manifestation of a vision birthed out of creativity and resourcefulness. This study…

Olorunda, Olufunmilola Olufunmilayo

2009-01-01

415

Evolution of Information Management at the GSFC Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC): 2006-2007  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Increasingly sophisticated National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth science missions have driven their associated data and data management systems from providing simple point-to-point archiving and retrieval to performing user-responsive distributed multisensor information extraction. To fully maximize the use of remote-sensor-generated Earth science data, NASA recognized the need for data systems that provide data access and manipulation capabilities responsive to research brought forth by advancing scientific analysis and the need to maximize the use and usability of the data. The decision by NASA to purposely evolve the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) and other information management facilities was timely and appropriate. The GES DISC evolution was focused on replacing the EOSDIS Core System (ECS) by reusing the In-house developed disk-based Simple, Scalable, Script-based Science Product Archive (S4PA) data management system and migrating data to the disk archives. Transition was completed in December 2007

Kempler, Steven; Lynnes, Christopher; Vollmer, Bruce; Alcott, Gary; Berrick, Stephen

2009-01-01

416

The Johnson Space Center management information systems: User's guide to JSCMIS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Johnson Space Center Management Information System (JSCMIS) is an interface to computer data bases at the NASA Johnson Space Center which allows an authorized user to browse and retrieve information from a variety of sources with minimum effort. The User's Guide to JSCMIS is the supplement to the JSCMIS Research Report which details the objectives, the architecture, and implementation of the interface. It is a tutorial on how to use the interface and a reference for details about it. The guide is structured like an extended JSCMIS session, describing all of the interface features and how to use them. It also contains an appendix with each of the standard FORMATs currently included in the interface. Users may review them to decide which FORMAT most suits their needs.

Bishop, Peter C.; Erickson, Lloyd

1990-01-01

417

Geographical Information Systems for Mapping Maternal Ground Transport to Level III Care Neonatal Centers.  

PubMed

Objective?The objective of this investigation was to determine maternal ground transport times from community hospitals to the nearest hospital offering comprehensive (level III) neonatal care within the contiguous United States. Study Design?This observational study combined data from the 2010 U.S. Census tract and 2010 American Hospital Association Annual Survey. Level III (full complement of care) neonatal centers were plotted using 2010 geographical information systems (GIS) mapping software (ESRI, Redland, California, United States). Locations of level I (uncomplicated care) and level II (limited complicated care) centers and residences of reproductive-aged women (18 to 39 years old) were mapped to identify maternal ground transport times to level III centers. Results?Most of the 584 level III neonatal centers were located in metropolitan areas (83.5%). The proportions of level I and level II hospitals within a 30-minute drive of a level III neonatal center were 19.8 and 47.3%, and 52.2 and 69.8% were within a 60-minute drive time. Ground transport times were shortest in the Northeast and metropolitan areas, and longest in the rural Great Plains and noncoastal West. Conclusion?GIS mapping enables health providers and health policy makers to better understand maternal ground transport times to current and future regional hospitals offering level III neonatal services. PMID:23765706

Brown, Steffen A; Richards, Michael E; Elwell, Erika C; Rayburn, William F

2014-04-01

418

Lunar Data Information Center - A shortcut to the riddle of the moon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Lunar Data Information Center serves as a reference and lending collection to all those interested in lunar science - researchers, educators, and students, world-wide. Such methods as a classification scheme for mission-oriented documentation, sample photo browse files, lunar feature index, and color coding, have resulted in an unusual user-oriented collection. A computer-based Moon Literature Bibliography provides search capability.

Waranius, F. B.; Heiken, J. H.

1975-01-01

419

Catalog of Databases and Reports from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report catalogues the titles, authors, years, and brief descriptions for databases and reports from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The reports, many of which are available online, focus on the greenhouse effect and global climate change. The catalog is divided into US Department of Energy (DOE) reports, CDIAC reports, CDIAC numeric data and computer model products, and databases. Author and title indexes are available.

420

USING A SMALL\\/LOW COST COMPUTER IN AN INFORMATION CENTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, mechanization has been limited to those information centers that have access to extensive computer facilities. Now, small\\/low cost computers are available with I\\/O capacities that make them suitable for SDI and retrospective searching on any of the many commercially available data bases. A small two-tape computer system is assumed, and an analysis of its run-time equations leads

Daniel U. Wilde

421

Progress Towards Near-Realtime Seismic Moment Tensors at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A near-realtime seismic moment tensor inversion routine has been operational at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) in a test mode for over a year. The AEIC real-time earthquake detection system, based on the Antelope software package, triggers the automatic moment-tensor inversion routine. It is based on a software package developed at the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory and performs a time

N. Ratchkovski; R. Hansen

2004-01-01

422

Community information centers: e-governance at subdistrict level: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eight North Eastern states of India have traditionally been less developed due to geographic remoteness and difficult hilly terrain. The Government of India in 2002 set up 487 Community Information Centers (CICs) at the block level. The CICs, besides offering basic services like Internet browsing, E-mail and Training in computer fundamentals, also provide citizen centric or G2C services. E-Suvidha

Nandita Chaudhri; Shefali S. Dash

2007-01-01

423

Parent Child Center Management Information System. System Documentation: Vol. II, MIS Data by Management Information Requirement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic objectives of this volume are to present a detailed overview of the system document flow, display the relationship of individual output reports to particular key management decisions, trace the input document data elements required to meet the information requirements of six key management decisions, and trace the data document element…

Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

424

Text, Lies, and the Welfare State: The Portrayal of Welfare Recipients in Welfare-to-Work Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzed the ideological messages about welfare recipients promoted in two welfare-to-work educational programs. Data were collected through interviews with students, teachers, and administrators at an adult literacy classroom serving unemployed women on welfare and an employment preparation program designed to increase job skills of women…

Sandlin, Jennifer A.

425

ImTK: an open source multi-center information management toolkit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Information Management Toolkit (ImTK) Consortium is an open source initiative to develop robust, freely available tools related to the information management needs of basic, clinical, and translational research. An open source framework and agile programming methodology can enable distributed software development while an open architecture will encourage interoperability across different environments. The ISIS Center has conceptualized a prototype data sharing network that simulates a multi-center environment based on a federated data access model. This model includes the development of software tools to enable efficient exchange, sharing, management, and analysis of multimedia medical information such as clinical information, images, and bioinformatics data from multiple data sources. The envisioned ImTK data environment will include an open architecture and data model implementation that complies with existing standards such as Digital Imaging and Communications (DICOM), Health Level 7 (HL7), and the technical framework and workflow defined by the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Information Technology Infrastructure initiative, mainly the Cross Enterprise Document Sharing (XDS) specifications.

Alaoui, Adil; Ingeholm, Mary Lou; Padh, Shilpa; Dorobantu, Mihai; Desai, Mihir; Cleary, Kevin; Mun, Seong K.

2008-04-01

426

The Animal Welfare Act: From Enactment to Enforcement  

PubMed Central

Originally enacted in 1966, the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act has been amended several times and renamed the Animal Welfare Act. Responsibility for administering the Animal Welfare Act was delegated within the United States Department of Agriculture to the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, and regulations and standards have been developed to implement the intent of Congress conveyed in the language of the Act. In our opinion, the key to compliance with the Animal Welfare Act and its regulations and standards is to have in place a proactive, progressive Animal Care and Use Program that uses the semiannual inspection and programmatic review process to improve the day-to-day management of the program. Successfully managing the inspection process has taken on new meaning in what has recently become known as the ‘Age of Enforcement.’ As part of this approach, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service made changes to the inspection process and issued an Enhanced Animal Welfare Enforcement Plan, which included the development of an Inspection Requirements Handbook. The Inspection Requirements Handbook provides inspectors with information on conducting inspections and includes as an attachment a flow chart for Enforcement Action Guidance. The chart describes 4 types of actions that may occur as part of the enforcement process and the steps that will be followed if noncompliant items are documented during an inspection.

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor

2012-01-01

427

Evaluation of advanced transit alternatives using consumer welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various combinations of advanced public transportation systems (APTS), including advanced transit information, demand responsive transit, and personal rapid transit, are evaluated by applying traditional travel and emissions criteria as well as consumer welfare and equity criteria. A state-of-the-practice regional travel demand model is used to simulate the travel effects of the APTS technologies in the Sacramento region for the year

Caroline J. Rodier; Robert A. Johnston; David R. Shabazian

1998-01-01

428

Child Care Issues Impacting Welfare Reform in the Rural South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to affordable, quality child care is a major barrier to successful employment for many families. About one-fifth of families return to welfare within a few months of leaving, with lack of accessible child care and transportation being the most frequently cited reasons. These issues are likely to be compounded in the rural South. Information

Ghazvini, Alisa S.; Mullis, Ann K.; Mullis, Ronald L.; Park, Jennifer J.

1999-01-01

429

Linkages for Indian Child Welfare Programs: Resource Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains information on over 300 American Indian child welfare programs, resources, curriculums, publications, and funding sources. The section on alcohol and substance abuse features 12 prevention and treatment programs and 9 elementary and secondary school prevention curriculums, as well as related resources, publications, videos,…

Gale, Nancy, Ed.

430

Welfare Regimes, Welfare Systems and Housing in Southern Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are housing provision systems in southern Europe (Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece) different from those in northern Europe? Answering this question requires a way of theorizing housing systems, which locates them within their broader societal contexts. After setting out some of the key empirical differences between northern and southern, the paper reanalyses Esping-Andersen's work on welfare regimes and reviews housing-specific

Judith Allen

2006-01-01

431

Welfare traps in Australia: Do they bite?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Minimising disincentives to employment participation that arise as a consequence of providing welfare has been a major objective of the recent welfare reform agenda in Australia. Of particular concern have been the high effective marginal tax rates (EMTRs) and replacement rates (RRs) facing welfare recipients as a result of the interaction of the tax and benefits system. Based on the

ALFRED M. DOCKERY; RACHEL ONG; GAVIN A. WOOD

432

Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a new survey of a representative sample of single mothers who were welfare recipients in an urban Michigan county, the authors explore how certain employment barriers, often ignored by previous welfare researchers and policy makers, constrain these single mothers' employability. The results the authors present show that welfare recipients in the sample have unusually high levels of some barriers

Sandra K. Danziger; Mary Corcoran; Sheldon Danziger; Colleen M. Heflin; Ariel Kalil; Judith Levine; Daniel Rosen; Kristin S. Seefeldt; Kristine Siefert; Richard M. Tolman

1999-01-01

433

Farm Animal Welfare and Quality Verification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing empirical evidence suggests that farm animal welfare may not be a top-of-mind issue for many consumers in North America. Nevertheless, there is pressure from animal welfare groups on food retailers and processors to implement more stringent requirements for their suppliers. Is the demand for more stringent animal welfare protocols primarily determined by a subset of consumers with very strong

Adrian D. Uzea; Jill E. Hobbs

2008-01-01

434

Household Welfare and Education in Urban Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the correlates of household welfare in urban Ethiopia with an emphasis on the impact of education. We use household panel data collected between 1994 and 1997. Welfare is approximated by household income. Although non-educated households are found in all income quintiles, education has a significant effect on household welfare. The effect of education is reduced when parental

Karin Kronlid

2001-01-01

435

Welfare Rights in the Liberal Tradition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that welfare rights are not incompatible with liberalism's commitment to private property and freedom. Argues that students need to be aware of liberalism's favorable historical position on welfare. Examines the positions of John Locke, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mills on poverty, welfare, and the role of the state. (RW)

Horne, Thomas A.

1990-01-01

436

Welfare Reform and Reducing Teen Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most adolescent mothers are unmarried and on welfare. Congress enacted new welfare legislation that emphasizes reducing teen pregnancy and requiring work, but states are reluctant to meet this challenge. Discusses child poverty's new face, public policy and culture wars, welfare reform, and social norms. Concludes that reducing unwed parenthood…

Sawhill, Isabel V.

2000-01-01

437

A Comparison of Three Animal Welfare Assessment Programs on California Dairies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to increased awareness of animal welfare issues by consumers, 3 voluntary programs were developed to assess animal welfare on commercial dairies in the United States. These programs include: 1) Humane Farm Animal Care (HFAC), with minimum standards and a third-party audit system; 2) Dairy Quality Assur- ance Center (DQAC); and 3) University of California- Davis(UCD)programwithself-assessments.Theobjec- tive of this article

C. L. Stull; B. A. Reed; S. L. Berry

2005-01-01

438

The impact of welfare reform on the parenting role of women in rural communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current family policy suggests that in order to restore family values we, as a society, need to focus on reviving a child-centered household. Full-time mothering is lauded as an honorable choice that will advance this goal and ultimately strengthen traditional family values. However, current welfare policy is contrary to this notion in that mandatory welfare-to-work programs deny women receiving public

Debra A. Henderson; Ann R. Tickamyer; Barry L. Tadlock

2005-01-01

439

A User-Centered Approach to Adaptive Hypertext Based on an Information Relevance Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid and effective to information in large electronic documentation systems can be facilitated if information relevant in an individual user's content can be automatically supplied to this user. However most of this knowledge on contextual relevance is not found within the contents of documents, it is rather established incrementally by users during information access. We propose a new model for interactively learning contextual relevance during information retrieval, and incrementally adapting retrieved information to individual user profiles. The model, called a relevance network, records the relevance of references based on user feedback for specific queries and user profiles. It also generalizes such knowledge to later derive relevant references for similar queries and profiles. The relevance network lets users filter information by context of relevance. Compared to other approaches, it does not require any prior knowledge nor training. More importantly, our approach to adaptivity is user-centered. It facilitates acceptance and understanding by users by giving them shared control over the adaptation without disturbing their primary task. Users easily control when to adapt and when to use the adapted system. Lastly, the model is independent of the particular application used to access information, and supports sharing of adaptations among users.

Mathe, Nathalie; Chen, James

1994-01-01

440

Marketing information goods and services in medical libraries and information centers.  

PubMed

Marketing is one of the essential parts of any business corporation in the modern management. One can see the difference between corporations in gaining their goals, considering their marketing methods. Gaining more advantage or acquiring more funds can be of reasons for marketing, but these are not all the reasons. Perhaps the most important reason for marketing is increasing the customer satisfaction. This, in turn, leads to more willingness in payment and using services. Nowadays, due to rapid growth in ICT, changes in budgets, rapid growth in development and use of knowledge, variety of users and their needs, marketing has become an important factor in any library activities. Libraries are now more responsible in this regard, because marketing is now an important tool in improving users' satisfaction in using library services. Hence, marketing is now very important for libraries to survive in the increasing pressures of competitive conditions of the information market. This article is tapping on issues such as information marketing, principles of marketing, marketing techniques, developing markets, and marketing skills. Some recommendations are also presented for marketing in libraries. PMID:23555112

Ashrafi-Rizi, Hasan; Kazempour, Zahra

2012-01-01

441

Living kidney donor informed consent practices vary between US and non-US centers  

PubMed Central

Background. Living kidney donation rates are increasing in the United States and internationally. Major consensus statements on the care of living kidney donors recommend communicating all potential health and psychosocial risks to donors. We evaluated the degree of international variation in the process of informed consent of potential donors during their evaluation. Methods. Transplant professionals attending the 2006 World Transplant Congress responded to a survey assessing their process of informed consent, evaluation and communication of living donor risk. US-based respondents were compared to non-US respondents. Results. There were 221 respondents from 177 transplant centers and 40 countries (48% US respondents). Across US and non-US transplant centers, potential donors were most likely to receive written material about living donor risk by mail prior to evaluation, receive risk information in person during evaluation, have a psychosocial evaluation, which usually lasted longer than 30 min and sign an official donation consent form presented to them by a surgeon or nephrologist. Although over 75% of respondents stated that donors received information about medical risks such as hypertension, chronic kidney disease and potential need for dialysis, there was less consistency regarding whether or not respondents conveyed an increased risk of these medical complications to donors. Additionally, the financial and psychosocial costs associated with being a living donor were inconsistently communicated to donors during the informed consent process. Compared to non-US respondents, US respondents were more likely to use written material and visual aids to convey risks to donors, have mandatory psychosocial evaluations and provide access to donor support groups. US transplant centers were also more likely to discuss the possibility of the donors needing dialysis or a transplant if their remaining kidney fails in the future, possible travel expenses and loss of work income due to donation recovery. Conversely, the US respondents were less likely to offer long-term follow-up and to utilize nephrologists to obtain written donor consent for donation. Conclusions. As dependence on living organ donation increases best practices for informed consent, donor evaluation and uniform risk conveyance need to be established. This may be accomplished by using a model informed consent template to ensure that informed consent from donors is consistently obtained.

Parekh, Ami M.; Gordon, Elisa J.; Garg, Amit X.; Waterman, Amy D.; Kulkarni, Sanjay; Parikh, Chirag R.

2008-01-01

442

What Works in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of identifying the effectiveness of child welfare programs for future policy planning, this book examines features of successful programs. The book is presented in six sections: family preservation and family support services, child protective services, out-of-home care, adoption, child care, and adolescent services. Each…

Kluger, Miriam P., Ed.; Alexander, Gina, Ed.; Curtis, Patrick A., Ed.

443

Helping Minor Firms Reduces Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect on national welfare of uneven technical progress and eli mination of a firm is analyzed under the existence of a Cournot oligopolistic sector. An increase in the share of an inefficient firm, owing to its innovations, results in a shift of production from more efficient firms to the inefficient firm, causing a less efficie nt allocation of production.

Sajal Lahiri; Yoshiyasu Ono

1988-01-01

444

Developmental Disabilities and Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph addresses common misconceptions about developmental disabilities, describes the conditions that child welfare workers are most likely to see, provides examples of effective interventions, and stresses the importance of early intervention to promote healthy development. Specific chapters include: (1) "Understanding Developmental…

Rycus, Judith S.; Hughes, Ronald C.

445

Data Mining in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the historical and larger context of data mining and describes data mining processes, techniques, and tools. Illustrates these using a child welfare dataset concerning the employee turnover that is mined, using logistic regression and a Bayesian neural network. Discusses the data mining process, the resulting models, their predictive…

Schoech, Dick; Quinn, Andrew; Rycraft, Joan R.

2000-01-01

446

Progressing beyond the Welfare State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a neo-Deweyan strategy to transform American public schools into genuine community schools that function as central agencies for the development of a democratic welfare society. John Dewey's thesis was that a well-functioning school system constitutes the necessary, though not sufficient, condition for a well-functioning…

Benson, Lee; Harkavy, Ira

1991-01-01

447

Air quality and human welfare  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human welfare is generally referring to allocation of resources to fit the well being of humans. If high standard of well-being is to be maintained, the concerns for a healthy environment must be balanced against requirements of economic growth. In a natural capital system, human welfare is best served by improving the quality and flow of desired services delivered rather than merely increasing the total money flow. An ecosystem based management of living and natural resource use will steer this progress to the best of human welfare while the efficiency of ecosystem based management depends strongly on the availability of integrated assessment tools that will combine environmental models and monitoring data with ecological economic valuation methods. In applied welfare economics, the methodological approach to assess resource allocations towards societal optimality and thereby establish criteria for government intervention is often linked to tools as Cost-ffectiveness Analysis (CEA), Cost-Benefit Assessment (CBA) or Multi-criteria Analysis (MCA). By illustrating an assessment on costs and benefits of the implementation of Hg emission reduction measures in the coal sector, it becomes obvious that for a full analysis of societal costs and benefits, several aspects of Hg pollution, sources, impacts and co-benefits need to be considered.

Sundseth, K.; Pacyna, J. M.; Pacyna, E. G.

2009-02-01

448

Institutional racism in child welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three reasons are most often provided to explain the persistent overrepresentation of black children in the child welfare system. One, since black families have more risk factors (unemployment, single-parent families, poverty, etc) that cause them to abuse and neglect their children more than white families, the higher representation of blacks is appropriate. Two, since blacks are more highly concentrated among

Robert B. Hill

2004-01-01

449

Radiation Shielding Information Center: a source of computer codes and data for fusion neutronics studies  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC), established in 1962 to collect, package, analyze, and disseminate information, computer codes, and data in the area of radiation transport related to fission, is now being utilized to support fusion neutronics technology. The major activities include: (1) answering technical inquiries on radiation transport problems, (2) collecting, packaging, testing, and disseminating computing technology and data libraries, and (3) reviewing literature and operating a computer-based information retrieval system containing material pertinent to radiation transport analysis. The computer codes emphasize methods for solving the Boltzmann equation such as the discrete ordinates and Monte Carlo techniques, both of which are widely used in fusion neutronics. The data packages include multigroup coupled neutron-gamma-ray cross sections and kerma coefficients, other nuclear data, and radiation transport benchmark problem results.

McGill, B.L.; Roussin, R.W.; Trubey, D.K.; Maskewitz, B.F.

1980-01-01

450

Health care information systems. Patient-centered integration is the key.  

PubMed

In today's cost-constrained health care delivery environment, hospitals are recognizing the need to optimize their care operations to improve the efficiency, efficacy, and service quality of primary health care providers, particularly the medical staff and nursing services, which comprise about 50% of the hospital's total personnel. Because health care institutions are in the business of caring for patients (not for accounts or departments), and because health care delivery largely is a personnel-intensive information industry, operations optimization is supported best by information systems that fully integrate all information concerning the patient. The goal of this is to simplify the job duties of direct care providers. The benefits of an integrated, patient-centered approach include demonstrable improvements in over-all patient care quality and staff satisfaction as well as a significant reduction in costs. PMID:2040142

Korpman, R A

1991-03-01

451

A new model for enhanced information services in an academic medical center.  

PubMed

The information base used in the biomedical enterprise, already large, continues to expand at a striking rate. Networking and desktop computing technology is playing a more important role in the operations of academic medical centers. Integration efforts aimed at enhancing information access by using distributed computing are very substantial technical challenges. However, if these integration efforts focus only on the technical aspects, they are doomed to failure. New organizational approaches are also needed. This paper describes an new model for enhanced information services. This model calls for the central information supplier to provide a set of core services. Users, who may be individuals or units and generally have more insight into the nature of their problems, will be encouraged to add value to these core services in the form of specialization or customization to meet their unique and critical needs. This model provides a way to adapt and transform current organizational elements to effectively use the large information technology investments and to meet the increasing challenges of biomedical information use. PMID:1807648

Panko, W B

1991-01-01

452

A new model for enhanced information services in an academic medical center.  

PubMed Central

The information base used in the biomedical enterprise, already large, continues to expand at a striking rate. Networking and desktop computing technology is playing a more important role in the operations of academic medical centers. Integration efforts aimed at enhancing information access by using distributed computing are very substantial technical challenges. However, if these integration efforts focus only on the technical aspects, they are doomed to failure. New organizational approaches are also needed. This paper describes an new model for enhanced information services. This model calls for the central information supplier to provide a set of core services. Users, who may be individuals or units and generally have more insight into the nature of their problems, will be encouraged to add value to these core services in the form of specialization or customization to meet their unique and critical needs. This model provides a way to adapt and transform current organizational elements to effectively use the large information technology investments and to meet the increasing challenges of biomedical information use.

Panko, W. B.

1991-01-01

453

Review of the social and environmental factors affecting the behavior and welfare of turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo).  

PubMed

In modern rearing systems, turkey producers often face economic losses due to increased aggression, feather pecking, cannibalism, leg disorders, or injuries among birds, which are also significant welfare issues. The main underlying causes appear to relate to rapid growth, flock size, density, poor environmental complexity, or lighting, which may be deficient in providing the birds with an adequate physical or social environment. To date, there is little information regarding the effect of these factors on turkey welfare. This knowledge is, however, essential to ensure the welfare of turkeys and to improve their quality of life, but may also be beneficial to industry, allowing better bird performance, improved carcass quality, and reduced mortality and condemnations. This paper reviews the available scientific literature related to the behavior of turkeys as influenced by the physical and social environment that may be relevant to advances toward turkey production systems that take welfare into consideration. We addressed the effects that factors such as density, group size, space availability, maturation, lightning, feeding, and transport may have over parameters that may be relevant to ensure welfare of turkeys. Available scientific studies were based in experimental environments and identified individual factors corresponding to particular welfare problems. Most of the studies aimed at finding optimal levels of rearing conditions that allow avoiding or decreasing most severe welfare issues. This paper discusses the importance of these factors for development of production environments that would be better suited from a welfare and economic point of view. PMID:23687141

Marchewka, J; Watanabe, T T N; Ferrante, V; Estevez, I

2013-06-01

454

Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science research plan 2013-18  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science (CEGIS) was created in 2006 and since that time has provided research primarily in support of The National Map. The presentations and publications of the CEGIS researchers document the research accomplishments that include advances in electronic topographic map design, generalization, data integration, map projections, sea level rise modeling, geospatial semantics, ontology, user-centered design, volunteer geographic information, and parallel and grid computing for geospatial data from The National Map. A research plan spanning 2013–18 has been developed extending the accomplishments of the CEGIS researchers and documenting new research areas that are anticipated to support The National Map of the future. In addition to extending the 2006–12 research areas, the CEGIS research plan for 2013–18 includes new research areas in data models, geospatial semantics, high-performance computing, volunteered geographic information, crowdsourcing, social media, data integration, and multiscale representations to support the Three-Dimensional Elevation Program (3DEP) and The National Map of the future of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Usery, E. Lynn

2013-01-01

455

Defense Centers of Excellence: Limited Budget and Performance Information on the Center for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 established the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCOE) in January 2008 to develop excellence in prevention, outreach, and care for service member...

2011-01-01

456

Federal Information Policies: Their Implementation and Implications for Information Access. A Summary of the Proceedings of the Annual Federal Library and Information Center Committee Forum on Federal Information Policies (3rd, Washington, DC, February 12, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC) Forum on Federal Information Policies focused on the impact of OMB (Office of Management and Budget) Circular A-130, which revises administration policy on information dissemination and the use of automated systems by federal agencies. Introductory remarks by James P. Riley, Kent A.…

Higgins, Adrian T.

457

Real-Time Data Processing Systems and Products at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) receives data from over 400 seismic sites located within the state boundaries and the surrounding regions and serves as a regional data center. In 2007, the AEIC reported ~20,000 seismic events, with the largest event of M6.6 in Andreanof Islands. The real-time earthquake detection and data processing systems at AEIC are based on the Antelope system from BRTT, Inc. This modular and extensible processing platform allows an integrated system complete from data acquisition to catalog production. Multiple additional modules constructed with the Antelope toolbox have been developed to fit particular needs of the AEIC. The real-time earthquake locations and magnitudes are determined within 2-5 minutes of the event occurrence. AEIC maintains a 24/7 seismologist-on-duty schedule. Earthquake alarms are based on the real- time earthquake detections. Significant events are reviewed by the seismologist on duty within 30 minutes of the occurrence with information releases issued for significant events. This information is disseminated immediately via the AEIC website, ANSS website via QDDS submissions, through e-mail, cell phone and pager notifications, via fax broadcasts and recorded voice-mail messages. In addition, automatic regional moment tensors are determined for events with M>=4.0. This information is posted on the public website. ShakeMaps are being calculated in real-time with the information currently accessible via a password-protected website. AEIC is designing an alarm system targeted for the critical lifeline operations in Alaska. AEIC maintains an extensive computer network to provide adequate support for data processing and archival. For real-time processing, AEIC operates two identical, interoperable computer systems in parallel.

Ruppert, N. A.; Hansen, R. A.

2007-05-01

458

The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI): Information for academic nursing.  

PubMed

As part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, the U.S. Congress created the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). Its goal is to fund research that will assist patients, caregivers, clinicians, and others in making informed health decisions. Because nurses play a critical role in engaging patients in health care, they are valued participants in setting the institute's agenda and carrying out its programs. In this article, we provide an overview of PCORI and describe how nurses can participate in institute activities and apply for research grants. PMID:24731919

Barksdale, Debra J; Newhouse, Robin; Miller, Julie Ann

2014-01-01

459

Columbia Universities Center for International Earth Science Information Network: Downloadable Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Columbia Universities Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) offers several free data sets on the Downloadable Data page. The first set is its GIS formatted data, which includes the Central American Vegetation/ Land Cover Classification and Conservation Status, China Dimensions, Georeferenced Population Data Sets of Mexico, Grided Population of the World, Last of the Wild, Human Footprint, and US PUMA and TIGER files. Non-GIS formatted data include an Archive of Census Related Products and an Environmental Sustainability Index, which is a measure of overall progress towards environmental sustainability. The main page provides clear descriptions of each data set, along with the necessary links to access and download them.

1997-01-01

460

US Coast Guard GPS Information Center (GPSIC) and its function within the Civil GPS Service (CGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Positioning System Information Center (GPSIC) was created to provide civil users of the Global Positioning System with timely system status and other GPS satellite information. The GPSIC began providing basic services on a test and evaluation basis in March 1990. Since then we have improved these services, formalized the information gathering processes, and expanded GPSIC operations to meet GPS user needs. The GPSIC serves as a central point of contact for civil users to make their interests and needs known to the system operator, the Department of Defense (DOD) under the management of the U.S. Air Force. The GPSIC provides GPS information to civil users through Operational Advisory Broadcasts (OAB) containing GPS performance data. The OABs are disseminated through numerous sources including 24 hour access to a voice telephone recording and a computer bulletin board system (BBS). The GPSIC staff also responds to individual user inquiries, comments, or concerns about civil access to and use of the GPS during normal working hours. This paper provides an overview of the Civil GPS Service as well as the details of the type of information and services that are available through the GPSIC and how they can be obtained. It will also address the future expansion of GPSIC responsibilities.

Barndt, Luann

1992-01-01

461

Evidence-Informed Leadership in the Japanese Context: Middle Managers at a University Self-Access Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the steering of a self-access learning center in a Japanese university by its "middle management" committee over the first years of its operation. Middle management practice was informed by an ethnographic archive of various facets of center use, particularly concerning language policy and curriculum integration, issues about…

Adamson, John; Brown, Howard

2012-01-01

462

The Integration of an Information Processing Center into a Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report and related materials are provided from an activity to set up an operating information processing center that would do the work initiated by personnel in the district and to incorporate the center into the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology course. The report details objectives, population and sample, and conclusions and…

LeVan, Jan; Arndt, Maridene

463

Providing Medical Information to College Health Center Personnel: A Circuit Librarian Service at the University of Illinois  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College health center personnel are no different from other health practitioners in their need for medical information. To help meet this need, the McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, developed a partnership in 1997 with the Library of the Health Sciences-Urbana, a regional site library of the University of Illinois at…

Stumpff, Julia C.

2003-01-01

464

Experimental Determination of Effectiveness of an Individual Information-Centered Approach in Recovering Step-Count Missing Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Missing values are a common phenomenon in physical activity research, which has a negative impact on the quality of the data collected. The purpose of this study was to determine empirically the effectiveness of an individual information-centered (II-centered) approach in recovering step-count missing values by comparing the performance of the…

Kang, Minsoo; Zhu, Weimo; Tudor-Locke, Catrine; Ainsworth, Barbara

2005-01-01

465

76 FR 12740 - Request for Information on Conditions Relating to Cancer to Consider for the World Trade Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act (Pub...to the applicable list of health conditions covered by the World Trade Center Health Program. The WTC Program...1) Relevant reports, publications, and case information...

2011-03-08

466

Center for Information Services, Phase II: Detailed System Design and Programming, Part 4 - Development Scheduling and Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This portion of the Center for Information Services (CIS) project report contains development schedules, task assignments, and discussions of pertinent issues as they relate to the projects next phase (IIB). Sections II, III and IV (including Appendix A) ...

R. L. Carmichael

1971-01-01

467

Development of vendor evaluation criteria and post-implementation considerations for MSFC center-wide executive information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In June 1991, the MITRE Corporation submitted a series of recommendations as part of a Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Management Information System Requirements Study, initiated by the Information Systems Office (ISO). A major recommendation of the study was to develop an Executive Information System (EIS) for MSFC executives. ISO was directed, by center management, to proceed with the development of a Center-Wide Executive Information System. Existing EIS prototypes, developed by the Space Shuttle Projects Office and the Payload Projects Office, were reviewed. These existing MSFC prototypes were considered not to encompass the required functionality needed on a center-wide basis. A follow-up study by MITRE provided top-level system requirements. These were later incorporated into a final requirements specification document by Boeing Computer Support Services.

Moynihan, Gary P.

1992-01-01

468

High Frequency (HF) Upgrade Study for the Canadian Regional Operations Control Center (ROCC) AWACS Digital Information Link (RADIL) Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Regional Operations Control Center AWACS Digital Information Link/Rapidly Deployable Integrated Command and Control System (RADIL/RADIC) System Program Office, Canadian RADIL Program, has acquired high-frequency (HF) radio equipment for two Canadian g...

K. Wickwire

1995-01-01

469

COMMUNICATING RISK INFORMATION TO STATE AND LOCAL AIR POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCIES VIA U.S. EPA'S AIR RISK INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTER (AIR RISC)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Air Risk Information Support Center (Air RISC) has been organized by U.S. EPA's offices of Air Quality Planning and Standards and Health and Environmental Assessment. The center has been developed in cooperation with the State and Territorial air Pollution Control Program Adm...

470

The Antarctic Geospatial Information Center: Three Years of Supporting Antarctic Science and Operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Founded in 2007, the Antarctic Geospatial Information Center (AGIC) is dedicated to supporting and promoting the United States Antarctic Program (USAP) by providing geospatial information to Antarctic science, operations, and education communities. Since its inception, AGIC contributes to Antarctic science in four significant ways: 1) by direct geospatial support of research groups to advance science, 2) by authoring maps and creating applications to facilitate better logistical support, 3) by serving as a data repository and clearinghouse for Antarctic geospatial data, 4) by providing expertise, analysis, and education to researchers, support staff, and students. This poster will showcase several products, tools, and services developed by AGIC in the past three years, including a collection of 150 ground control points in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and Ross Island, highly accurate maps in the McMurdo Sound region using satellite imagery, and an archive of historical USGS aerial photography accessed through a web-based search application.

Herried, B.; Morin, P. J.; Larue, M.; Porter, C.; Niebuhr, S.; Antarctic Geospatial Information Center

2010-12-01

471

Wages, Welfare Benefits and Migration  

PubMed Central

Differences in economic opportunities give rise to strong migration incentives, across regions within countries, and across countries. In this paper we focus on responses to differences in welfare benefits across States. We apply the model developed in Kennan and Walker (2008), which emphasizes that migration decisions are often reversed, and that many alternative locations must be considered. We model individual decisions to migrate as a job search problem. A worker starts the life-cycle in some home location and must determine the optimal sequence of moves before settling down. The model is sparsely parameterized. We estimate the model using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979). Our main finding is that income differences do help explain the migration decisions of young welfare-eligible women, but large differences in benefit levels provide surprisingly weak migration incentives.

Kennan, John; Walker, James R.

2012-01-01

472

Petty Cash Custodian Handbook: A 'Guide for Nonappropriated Fund Petty Cash Custodians in Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide was developed under the sponsorship of LtCol Charles B. Long, Headquarters Air Training Command, Directorate of Morale, Welfare, and Recreation. It consolidates information from five different regulations. The information is relevant to proper ...

G. L. Nolan

1988-01-01

473

Migrant Child Welfare: A State of the Field Study of Child Welfare Services for Migrant Children and Their Families Who Are In-Stream, Home Based, Or Settled-Out. Final Report, June 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five parts of this report present the findings and recommendations of the Migrant Child Welfare study. Part I briefly summarizes the impact of the child welfare services and the family interview results, and reviews the organizational structure of program delivery at the state and local levels. Part II synthesizes the information obtained from…

Cavenaugh, David N.; And Others

474

A Study of the Value of Information and the Effect on Value of Intermediary Organizations, Timeliness of Services & Products, and Comprehensiveness of the EDB. Volume 1: The Value of Libraries as an Intermediary Information Service; Volume 2: The Value of the Network Energy Software Center and the Radiation Shielding Information Center; Volume 3: The Effects of Timeliness and Comprehensiveness on Value.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports in three volumes the results of a series of surveys designed to: (1) determine what contribution intermediary information transfer organizations such as libraries and information analysis centers make to the value of information; (2) assess the value of two somewhat different software information analysis centers and the…

King Research, Inc., Rockville, MD.

475

The Johnson Space Center Management Information Systems (JSCMIS): An interface for organizational databases  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Management Information and Decision Support Environment (MIDSE) is a research activity to build and test a prototype of a generic human interface on the Johnson Space Center (JSC) Information Network (CIN). The existing interfaces were developed specifically to support operations rather than the type of data which management could use. The diversity of the many interfaces and their relative difficulty discouraged occasional users from attempting to use them for their purposes. The MIDSE activity approached this problem by designing and building an interface to one JSC data base - the personnel statistics tables of the NASA Personnel and Payroll System (NPPS). The interface was designed against the following requirements: generic (use with any relational NOMAD data base); easy to learn (intuitive operations for new users); easy to use (efficient operations for experienced users); self-documenting (help facility which informs users about the data base structure as well as the operation of the interface); and low maintenance (easy configuration to new applications). A prototype interface entitled the JSC Management Information Systems (JSCMIS) was produced. It resides on CIN/PROFS and is available to JSC management who request it. The interface has passed management review and is ready for early use. Three kinds of data are now available: personnel statistics, personnel register, and plan/actual cost.

Bishop, Peter C.; Erickson, Lloyd

1990-01-01

476

US Coast Guard GPS Information Center (GPSIC) and its function within the Civil GPS Service (CGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1987, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) formally requested that the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) take responsibility for providing an office that would respond to nonmilitary user needs for GPS information, data, and assistance. DOT accepted this responsibility and in February 1989, named the Coast Guard as their lead agency for the project. Since that time, the U.S. Coast Guard has worked with the U.S. Space Command to develop requirements and implement a plan for providing the requested interface with the civil GPS community. The Civil GPS Service (CGS) consists of four main elements: GPS Information Center (GPSIC) - provides GPS status information to civilian users of the system: Civil GPS Service Interface Committee (CGSIC) - established to identify civil GPS user technical information needs in support of the CGS program; Differential GPS (DGPS) - Coast Guard Research and Development Project; and PPS Program Office (PPSPO) - (Under development) will administer the program allowing qualified civil users to have access to the PPS signal. Details about the services these organizations provide are described.

1993-01-01

477

Risk factors for death and unwanted early slaughter in Swiss veal calves kept at a specific animal welfare standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calf losses (CL, mortality and unwanted early slaughter) in veal production are of great economic importance and an indicator of welfare. The objective of the present study was to evaluate CL and the causes of death on farms with a specific animal welfare standard (SAW) which exceeds the Swiss statutory regulations. Risk factors for CL were identified based on information

C. Bähler; A. Steiner; A. Luginbühl; A. Ewy; H. Posthaus; D. Strabel; T. Kaufmann; G. Regula

478

Politics, welfare regimes, and population health: controversies and evidence.  

PubMed

In recent years, a research area has emerged within social determinants of health that examines the role of politics, expressed as political traditions/parties and welfare state characteristics, on population health. To better understand and synthesise this growing body of evidence, the present literature review, informed by a political economy of health and welfare regimes framework, located 73 empirical and comparative studies on politics and health, meeting our inclusion criteria in three databases: PubMed (1948-), Sociological Abstracts (1953-), and ISI Web of Science (1900-). We identified two major research programmes, welfare regimes and democracy, and two emerging programmes, political tradition and globalisation. Primary findings include: (1) left and egalitarian political traditions on population health are the most salutary, consistent, and substantial; (2) the health impacts of advanced and liberal democracies are also positive and large; (3) welfare regime studies, primarily conducted among wealthy countries, find that social democratic regimes tend to fare best with absolute health outcomes yet consistently in terms of relative health inequalities; and (4) globalisation defined as dependency indicators such as trade, foreign investment, and national debt is negatively associated with population health. We end by discussing epistemological, theoretical, and methodological issues for consideration for future research. PMID:21899562

Muntaner, Carles; Borrell, Carme; Ng, Edwin; Chung, Haejoo; Espelt, Albert; Rodriguez-Sanz, Maica; Benach, Joan; O'Campo, Patricia

2011-09-01

479

Substance abuse and employment among welfare mothers: from welfare to work and back again?  

PubMed

We have very little research on how substance use impacts employment among welfare mothers. But welfare reform's emphasis on moving aid recipients into the workforce has brought this issue to the fore. Using Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression in a longitudinal study of California welfare mothers in 2001-2003, we examine how substance use impacts the ability to move from welfare to work and to remain economically independent after welfare. While education, work history, and family size consistently predict transitions from welfare to work and back again, substance use-related problems consistently do not. However, the jobs obtained by welfare mothers are short-term and poorly paid regardless of whether they misuse alcohol or use drugs. We argue that, if all that is open to welfare mothers are short-lived work assignments, substance use may have little time to impact job retention. Limitations of the study are noted. PMID:17668326

Schmidt, Laura; Zabkiewicz, Denise; Jacobs, Laurie; Wiley, Jim

2007-01-01

480

Farm-Animal Welfare, Legislation, and Trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US has among the weakest farm-animal-welfare standards in the developed world. Although improvements in farm-animal welfare are economically feasible, nations and states enacting protective regulation are threatened by competition with cheaper, non-compliant imports. Although recognition in trade agreements and restrictions on sale could help to protect animal welfare, they may rarely be politically feasible. Campaigns directed at consumers and

Gaverick Matheny; Cheryl Leahy

2007-01-01

481

Longitudinal trends in organophosphate incidents reported to the National Pesticide Information Center, 1995-2007  

PubMed Central

Background Regulatory decisions to phase-out the availability and use of common organophosphate pesticides among the general public were announced in 2000 and continued through 2004. Based on revised risk assessments, chlorpyrifos and diazinon were determined to pose unacceptable risks. To determine the impact of these decisions, organophosphate (OP) exposure incidents reported to the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) were analyzed for longitudinal trends. Methods Non-occupational human exposure incidents reported to NPIC were grouped into pre- (1995–2000) and post-announcement periods (2001–2007). The number of total OP exposure incidents, as well as reports for chlorpyrifos, diazinon and malathion, were analyzed for significant differences between these two periods. The number of informational inquiries from the general public was analyzed over time as well. Results The number of average annual OP-related exposure incidents reported to NPIC decreased significantly between the pre- and post-announcement periods (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in the number of chlorpyrifos and diazinon reports was observed over time (p < 0.001). No significant difference in the number of incident reports for malathion was observed (p = 0.4), which was not phased-out of residential use. Similar to exposure incidents, the number of informational inquiries received by NPIC declined over time following the phase-out announcement. Conclusion Consistent with other findings, the number of chlorpyrifos and diazinon exposure incidents reported to NPIC significantly decreased following public announcement and targeted regulatory action.

2009-01-01

482

Long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center: Information for base realignment  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes and discusses the results obtained during 1992 from the study of long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center (YTC), which Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted for the US Department of the Army. This study was initiated to provide basic ecological information on YTC long-billed curlews (Numenius americanus). The long-billed curlew is a relatively common spring and summer resident on the YTC. However, other than casual observations, very little is known about the distribution, density, reproductive success, and habitat requirements for this species on the YTC. Until recently the long-billed curlew was a US Fish and Wildlife Service candidate for listing as threatened or endangered; however, on November 21, 1991 it was down-listed to Class IIIc. The Washington Department of Wildlife lists the long-billed curlew as a ``species of special concern.`` Specific objectives of this study were to (1) locate nesting areas, (2) locate brood-rearing areas, (3) evaluate habitat requirements, (4) determine diet, (5) evaluate response to troop activities, (6) evaluate the impact of livestock grazing, (7) estimate the population size, and (8) estimate recruitment rates. Six curlews (four females and two males) were captured and fitted with radio transmitters. These birds were relocated to obtain nesting, habitat use, and feeding information. Road surveys conducted over most of the YTC provided information on the bird`s general distribution, habitat requirements, and nesting and brood-rearing areas.

Hand, K.D.; Cadwell, L.L.; Eberhardt, L.E.

1994-02-01

483

Child Welfare Workers: Who They Are and How They View the Child Welfare System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the characteristics of child welfare caseworkers, their views of the child welfare system, their clients, their agency of employment, and child welfare policies, and whether these views vary according to caseworkers' characteristics. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to analyze in-depth interviews conducted with…

Zell, Maristela C.

2006-01-01

484

Animal welfare and developing countries: opportunities for trade in high-welfare products from developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Discussion on the potential for developing countries to develop trade in niche markets such as higher welfare standards has been highlighted with moves by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) to set internationally agreed standards for animal welfare. This paper examines the existing and potential trade in value-added higher welfare products using case studies in the beef and

D. Bowles; R. Paskin; M. Gutiérrez; A. Kasterine

485

Welfare Transitions in the 1990s: The Economy, Welfare Policy, and the EITC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid decline in the welfare caseload remains a subject of keen interest to both policymakers and researchers. In this paper, I use data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation spanning the period from 1986 to 1999 to analyze how the economy, welfare reform, the earned income tax credit (EITC), and other factors influence welfare

Grogger, Jeffrey

2004-01-01

486

Breaking the cycle? The effect of education on welfare receipt among children of welfare recipients  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the impact of high school graduation on the probability individuals from welfare backgrounds use welfare themselves. Our data consist of administrative educational records for grade 12 students in a Canadian province linked with their own and their parents' welfare records. We address potential endogeneity problems by: 1) controlling for ability using past test scores; 2) using an instrument

Michael B. Coelli; David A. Green; William P. Warburton

2007-01-01

487

Public Welfare and Work Incentives: Theory and Practice. Studies in Public Welfare. Paper No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chart book summarizes two volumes in the subcommittee's series, "Studies in Public Welfare." Paper No. 4 (Dec. 22, 1972) explored work incentive and disincentive features in existing and proposed public welfare programs (cash welfare, unemployment insurance, social security, veterans' benefits, food stamps, public housing, and medicaid).…

Burke, Vee; Townsend, Alair A.

488

Value-added Data Services at the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), in addition to serving the Earth Science community as one of the major Distributed Active Archives Centers (DAACs), provides much more than just data. Among the value-added services available to general users are subsetting data spatially and/or by parameter, online analysis (to avoid downloading unnecessarily all the data), and assistance in obtaining data from other centers. Services available to data producers and high-volume users include consulting on building new products with standard formats and metadata and construction of data management systems. A particularly useful service is data processing at the DISC (i.e., close to the input data) with the users algorithm. This can take a number of different forms: as a configuration-managed algorithm within the main processing stream; as a stand-alone program next to the on-line data storage; as build-it-yourself code within the Near-Archive Data Mining (NADM) system; or as an on-the-fly analysis with simple algorithms embedded into the web-based tools. Partnerships between the GES DISC and scientists, both producers and users, allow the scientists to concentrate on science, while the GES DISC handles the data management, e.g., formats, integration, and data processing. The existing data management infrastructure at the GES DISC supports a wide spectrum of options: from simple data support to sophisticated on-line analysis tools, producing economies of scale and rapid time-to-deploy. At the same time, such partnerships allow the GES DISC to serve the user community more efficiently and to better prioritize on-line holdings. Several examples of successful partnerships are described in the presentation.

Leptoukh, Gregory G.; Alcott, Gary T.; Kempler, Steven J.; Lynnes, Christopher S.; Vollmer, Bruce E.

2004-01-01

489

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Chemical Testing for Decision-Support: How to Include Animal Welfare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Toxicity testing for regulatory purposes raises the question of test selection for a particular endpoint. Given the public's concern for animal welfare, test selection is a multi-objective decision problem that requires balancing information outcome, animal welfare loss, and monetary testing costs. This paper demonstrates the applicability of cost-effectiveness analysis as a decision-support tool for test selection in a regulatory context

Silke Gabbert; Ekko C. van Ierland

2010-01-01

490

Health at the center of health systems reform: how philosophy can inform policy.  

PubMed

Contemporary views hold that health and disease can be defined as objective states and thus should determine the design and delivery of health services. Yet health concepts are elusive and contestable. Health is neither an individual construction, a reflection of societal expectations, nor only the absence of pathologies. Based on philosophical and sociological theory, empirical evidence, and clinical experience, we argue that health has simultaneously objective and subjective features that converge into a dynamic complex-adaptive health model. Health (or its dysfunction, illness) is a dynamic state representing complex patterns of adaptation to body, mind, social, and environmental challenges, resulting in bodily homeostasis and personal internal coherence. The "balance of health" model-emergent, self-organizing, dynamic, and adaptive-underpins the very essence of medicine. This model should be the foundation for health systems design and also should inform therapeutic approaches, policy decision-making, and the development of emerging health service models. A complex adaptive health system focused on achieving the best possible "personal" health outcomes must provide the broad policy frameworks and resources required to implement people-centered health care. People-centered health systems are emergent in nature, resulting in locally different but mutually compatible solutions across the whole health system. PMID:20639604

Sturmberg, Joachim P; Martin, Carmel M; Moes, Mark M

2010-01-01

491

Electronic Privacy Information Center (Last reviewed in The Scout Report on June 13, 1997)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) was started in 1994, there were already substantial privacy issues surrounding the collection and use of electronic data at play. Since that time, such issues have grown exponentially in their scope, and EPIC continues to perform valuable research in the area. A good place to start exploring their site is right on the homepage, namely their collection of resources on domestic surveillance. Here visitors can read white papers, view letters from government officials on these programs, and also listen to speeches on the subject. For their own personal protection, visitors may want to look over the practical privacy tools offered here, such as anonymous surfing applications and secure instant messaging. Additionally, the "Policy Issues" section contains helpful resources and news updates on free speech, voting, and a privacy "A to Z" primer.

492

National Center for Biotechnology Information: HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, a collaborative project between the between the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, the Southern Research Institute, and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). The project is "designed to compile a comprehensive database of the described interactions between HIV-1 and cellular proteins. The goal of this project is to provide scientists in the field of HIV / AIDS research a concise, yet detailed, summary of all known interactions of HIV-1 proteins with host cell proteins, other HIV-1 proteins, or proteins from disease organisms associated with HIV/AIDS." The website links to Project Data including Reports, HIV-1 Data, and PubMed Queries. Links are also available for several NCBI resources including LocusLink, Retroviruses, HIV Genotyping, and Gene. The site invites feedback from the scientific community and provides an electronic submission form for updates.

493

THE RADIATION SAFETY INFORMATION COMPUTATIONAL CENTER (RSICC) - A RESOURCE FOR COMPUTATIONAL TOOLS FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC), which has been in existence since 1963, is the principal source and repository in the United States for computational tools for nuclear applications. RSICC collects, organizes, evaluates and distributes nuclear software and data involving the transport of neutral and charged particle radiation, and shielding and protection from radiation associated with: nuclear weapons and materials, fission and fusion reactors, outer space, accelerators, medical facilities, and nuclear waste. RSICC serves over 12,000 scientists and engineers from 94 countries. RSICC software provides in-depth coverage of radiation related topics: the physics of the interaction of radiation with matter, radiation production and sources, criticality safety, radiation protection and shielding, radiation detectors and measurements, shielding materials properties, radiation waste management, atmospheric dispersion and environmental dose, medical applications, macro- and micro-dosimetry calculations.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL

2009-01-01

494

K12 Education Program Lessons Learned at the Center for Earthquake Research and Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Earthquake Research and Information at the University of Memphis has been committed to increasing awareness for Seismic Hazard, Earthquake Engineering, and Earth Science among Mid-America's policy-makers, engineers, emergency managers, the general public, and K-12 teachers and students for nearly three decades. During that time we have learned many lessons related to providing effective education and outreach programs, especially for K-12 students. The lessons learned from these activities may be particularly appropriate for other regions where large earthquakes occur infrequently but have disproportionately high consequence areas due to low attenuation of seismic waves. Effective education programs in these settings must provide a consistent message across many states to a wide variety of socio-economic groups and professional communities through the leveraged resources of various groups and agencies. It is also beneficial to hire and train staff with K-12 teaching experience to work directly K-12 education organizations, and science curriculum coordinators.

Patterson, G. L.; Dry, M.

2003-12-01

495

Climate information products for users: Examples from the German Climate Service Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009, the German Federal Government (BMBF) established the German Climate Service Center (CSC) as part of the Hightech-Strategy for protection against climate change and the German Adaptation Strategy. The fundamental obje