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1

USDA: Animal Welfare Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USDA's Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) was mandated by the Animal Welfare Act, and the website contains everything from current animal issues to workshops for those in industries that utilize animals to licensing forms. Specifically, the AWIC is designed "to regulate and improve care of animals in research, testing, teaching, and exhibition." The site includes the proposed government rules about animal welfare that are in their public comment period, and how and where to submit your comment. Visitors can click on "In The News" to see all the animal-related rules that are in their public comment period. If visitors want to learn about the origins of veterinary medicine, they can click on "Companion Animals" on the left side of the homepage to find a link to "Veterinary History Resources at the National Agricultural Library". Finally, AWIC provides very important information and resources on alternatives to animal testing, under "Alternatives," on the left side of the homepage. Here visitors will find links to websites that explain the principles of alternatives to animal testing, as well as several papers from conferences that address the issue.

2008-01-01

2

STATEWIDE AUTOMATED CHILD WELFARE INFORMATION SYSTEM (SACWIS)  

EPA Science Inventory

SACWIS stands for Statewide Automated Child Welfare Information System(s). It was authorized by Congress in 1993 to help states meet data collection and reporting requirements of the Social Security Act. The regulations at 45 CFR 1355.50 through 1355.57 provide the basis for Stat...

3

Lobbying, information, and private and social welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lobbying is potentially welfare improving if it is a form of information transmission. This paper studies when and for whom this is the case. In the model, a government (G) can redistribute income between two interest groups (A and B). Only one of them (A) has the opportunity to lobby. Lobbying is understood as A's acquiring and strategically revealing policy-relevant

Johan Lagerlöf

1997-01-01

4

The National Quality Improvement Center on the Privatization of Child Welfare Services: A Program Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality improvement centers were created by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Children's Bureau beginning in 2001 to promote knowledge development through an innovative approach to applied collaborative research in child welfare. The National Quality Improvement Center on the Privatization of Child Welfare Services was funded to…

Collins-Camargo, Crystal; Ensign, Karl; Flaherty, Chris

2008-01-01

5

Renata Adler Memorial Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection, Tel-Aviv University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Renata Adler Memorial Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection operates within the Bob Shapell School of Social Work at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. The main aims of this research center are to facilitate study and knowledge about the welfare of children experiencing abuse or neglect or children at risk and to link such knowledge to…

Ronen, Tammie

2011-01-01

6

Toward Evidence-Informed Policy and Practice in Child Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the authors' experience in the international Campbell Collaboration, this essay presents a principled and pragmatic approach to evidence-informed decisions about child welfare. This approach takes into account the growing body of empirical evidence on the reliability and validity of various methods of research synthesis. It also…

Littell, Julia H.; Shlonsky, Aron

2010-01-01

7

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series Welfare Reform, Saving, and Vehicle Ownership  

E-print Network

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #05-07 May 2005 Welfare Reform, Saving, and Vehicle at the National Poverty Center Working Paper Series index at: http of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Poverty Center or any sponsoring agency

Shyy, Wei

8

Uniforming information management in Finnish Social Welfare.  

PubMed

This paper describes the phases and methods used in the National project for IT in Social Services in Finland (Tikesos). The main goals of Tikesos were to unify the client information systems in social services, to develop electronic documentation and to produce specifications for nationally organized electronic archive. The method of Enterprise Architecture was largely used in the project. PMID:22874327

Laaksonen, Maarit; Kärki, Jarmo; Ailio, Erja

2012-01-01

9

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide or Tribal automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...for statewide or Tribal automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS...a statewide or Tribal automated child welfare information system, to...the data collection system for child abuse and neglect; (3) To the extent...

2014-10-01

10

Earth Science Information Center  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An ESIC? An Earth Science Information Center. Don't spell it. Say it. ESIC. It rhymes with seasick. You can find information in an information center, of course, and you'll find earth science information in an ESIC. That means information about the land that is the Earth, the land that is below the Earth, and in some instances, the space surrounding the Earth. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) operates a network of Earth Science Information Centers that sell earth science products and data. There are more than 75 ESIC's. Some are operated by the USGS, but most are in other State or Federal agencies. Each ESIC responds to requests for information received by telephone, letter, or personal visit. Your personal visit.

U.S. Geological Survey

1991-01-01

11

Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Women's Health Information Center, offered by editors of JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association (AMA), provides the latest research and clinical information on women's health issues for physicians and other health professionals. A Newsline section features current stories from Reuters Health Information and special reports from Morbidity, Mortality and Weekly Reports (MMWR) which may be read in HTML or downloaded as .pdf files. The Library section features full text of selected articles on women's health issues and abstracts of articles recently published in medical journals. For the latest information on sexually transmitted diseases or contraceptive issues, visit the STD Information Center or the Contraception Information Center, each of which features the latest news, patient education materials, clinical guidelines for treatment, recommended Internet resources, and abstracts and full-text reports on the latest research.

1998-01-01

12

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housed at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports and provides information on seismic activity in Alaska. While its southern Pacific coast colleague, California, gets a lot more attention when it comes to earthquakes, Alaska experienced a magnitude 6.7 earthquake already this summer and was rocked by a 7.9 in 2002. The site offers links to general information about the center, general earthquake information, research activities at the center, education and outreach materials (including information on seismology education projects), and much more. The site is well populated with materials and should provide a great resources for those interested in North American seismic events.

13

NOAA's Drought Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Drought Information Center metasite serves as a gateway to NOAA's (and other) online resources on drought and climate conditions. From the US Drought Monitor (current assessment of drought status), to the Palmer Drought Severity Index, to paleo perspectives on North American drought, this site covers background information, current updates, and future predictions on droughts.

14

Water Quality Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Water Quality Information Center's database of "Online Documents Covering Water and Agriculture" has an improved interface and more titles. You can now access more than 1,700 documents. The topics include things such as, irrigation, social and legal issues, regional information, water availability and quality.

2008-10-08

15

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

16

Death Penalty Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), a nonprofit organization operating out of Washington, DC, prepares analytical reports for the media, the public, and Congress on issues concerning capital punishment. Their fact-filled, frequently updated site supplies a wealth of full-text reports, briefs, and statistics examining all aspects of capital punishment. Topic sections analyze death penalty information in relation to public opinion, race, sex, age, mental competency, deterrence, innocence, and cost. A state by state listing clearly outlines and compares the legislation and the statistics for capital punishment nationally. A comprehensive list of links to other sources of information is also provided.

17

Nephron Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Dr. Stephen Fadem, Medical Director for the Houston Kidney Center Integrated Service Network, the Nephron Information Center provides resources and links for kidney patients and their families, as well as technicians and practitioners. The "Dialysis Patient's Health Guide" is a mix of original articles and links to other Internet resources, arranged by topic and annotated by Dr. Fadem. "RenalWorld 97" offers geographically arranged links to renal resources worldwide. There's not a great deal of original content here, but those interested in renal health will appreciate the site's coverage of Internet resources and the structured search links (through Alta Vista) that will aid researchers.

Fadem, Stephen Z.

1996-01-01

18

“Animal Welfare” Practices along the Food Chain: How Does Negative and Positive Information Affect Consumers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the mitigating effect of positive brand information on animal welfare on consumers' perceptions, attitudes, and buying intentions for meat products when provided before a negative information shock related to the same issue. By tackling this question, this study integrates with the existing agricultural economics literature, which mainly analyzed consumers' willingness to pay for meat with the animal

Domenico Dentoni; Glynn Tonsor; Roger Calantone; H. Christopher Peterson

2011-01-01

19

Factors That Influence Vaccination Decision-Making by Parents Who Visit an Anthroposophical Child Welfare Center: A Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

In recent years, parents have become more disparaging towards childhood vaccination. One group that is critical about the National Immunization Program (NIP) and participates less comprises parents with an anthroposophical worldview. Despite the fact that various studies have identified anthroposophists as critical parents with lower vaccination coverage, no research has been done to explore the beliefs underlying their childhood vaccination decision-making. We conducted a qualitative study using three focus groups (n = 16) of parents who visit an anthroposophical child welfare center. Our findings show that participants did not refuse all vaccinations within the Dutch NIP, but mostly refused the Mumps, Measles, and Rubella (MMR) vaccination. Vaccination decisions are influenced by participants' lifestyle, perception of health, beliefs about childhood diseases, perceptions about the risks of diseases, perceptions about vaccine effectiveness and vaccine components, and trust in institutions. Parents indicated that they felt a need for more information. Sufficient references should be provided to sources containing more information about childhood vaccination, especially about the effectiveness of vaccines and vaccine components and the risks, such as possible side effects and benefits of vaccination. This may satisfy parents' information needs and enable them to make a sufficiently informed choice whether or not to vaccinate their child. PMID:23209917

Harmsen, Irene A.; Ruiter, Robert A. C.; Paulussen, Theo G. W.; Mollema, Liesbeth; Kok, Gerjo; de Melker, Hester E.

2012-01-01

20

Cryogenic Information Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Cryogenic Information Center (CIC) is a not-for-profit corporation dedicated to preserving and distributing cryogenic information to government, industry, and academia. The heart of the CIC is a uniform source of cryogenic data including analyses, design, materials and processes, and test information traceable back to the Cryogenic Data Center of the former National Bureau of Standards. The electronic database is a national treasure containing over 146,000 specific bibliographic citations of cryogenic literature and thermophysical property data dating back to 1829. A new technical/bibliographic inquiry service can perform searches and technical analyses. The Cryogenic Material Properties (CMP) Program consists of computer codes using empirical equations to determine thermophysical material properties with emphasis on the 4-300K range. CMP's objective is to develop a user-friendly standard material property database using the best available data so government and industry can conduct more accurate analyses. The CIC serves to benefit researchers, engineers, and technologists in cryogenics and cryogenic engineering, whether they are new or experienced in the field.

Mohling, Robert A.; Marquardt, Eric D.; Fusilier, Fred C.; Fesmire, James E.

2003-01-01

21

Welfare-Improving Asymmetric Information in Dynamic Insurance Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a two-period asymmetric learning model of insurance markets. When information about past accidents is not shared by insurers, asymmetries of information develop through time. Equilibrium contracts exist, are payoff unique, and display a realistic bonus-malus pattern. Eliminating asymmetries through information sharing is…

de Garidel-Thoron, Thomas

2005-01-01

22

Welfare Reform Briefing Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in light of efforts at welfare reform. Following a listing of whom to call at the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) regarding various welfare issues, the report's first section, "Basic Facts on Welfare," presents information on the AFDC in a…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

23

Joint Information CenterJoint Information Center Deepwater Horizon Response  

E-print Network

and it is determined to be within the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Re- sponse area, a wildlife response team is notified when they see the birds that have been impacted by the Deepwa- ter Horizon/BP oil spill. WhileJoint Information CenterJoint Information Center Deepwater Horizon Response Incident Command Post

24

CDI: Center for Defense Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Defense Information site chronicles the attributes of CDI, a non-profit research organization, and features information from seven CDI issue areas, and other items including a military spending clock.

25

Center for Information & Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Center for Information & Systems Engineering The Division offers research opportunities through the Center for Information and Systems Engineering (CISE), an interdisciplinary home for fundamental research these challenges. R E S E A RC H A N D G R A D UAT E P RO G R A M S I N systems Engineering (SE) CAREER PLACEMENT

Goldberg, Bennett

26

Contact center: information systems design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic sector of contact centers is growing by more than 8% a year. It is a multidisciplinary area in which information\\u000a systems are decisive to organizations’ success. Contact CentersInformation Systems deal with real time requisites and critical\\u000a business information. A theory-building research shows a framework with 12 key design factors to consider, which managers\\u000a might use to develop

Rui Rijo; João Varajão; Ramiro Gonçalves

27

National Center for Geographic Information  

E-print Network

of organizational theory, management information systems (MIS), and behavioral theory. Group 3: The final groupNCGIA National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis NCGIA Research Initiative 9 Institutions Sharing Geographic Information Scientific Report for the Specialist Meeting 26-29 February 1992

California at Santa Barbara, University of

28

International Tsunami Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This intergovernmental organization maintains and develops relationships with scientific research and academic organizations, civil defense agencies, and the general public in order to mitigate the hazards associated with tsunamis for all Pacific Ocean nations. They also maintain the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center.

Unesco

29

National Health Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Home of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Search health.gov All ODPHP sites Menu About ... Educate the public about health risks Organize successful health promotion events and campaigns Get new ideas, information, and ...

30

The Social Welfare Practice and Research Center at the Chinese University of Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization and research programs of the Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre (SWPRC) at the Chinese University of Hong Kong are outlined. There are five regular research programs (Family and Group Practice Research Centre, Human Behavior and the Social Environment Research Program, Mutual Aid and Social Capital Research Program,…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2009-01-01

31

Bridging the Gap: Higher Education and Career-Centered Welfare Reform. Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference examined the current welfare policy and the continued use of higher education as a tool for moving low-income people into self-supporting careers. The proceedings include: welcoming remarks by Stephen Greenwald; keynote addresses by William Spriggs and Danny Simmons; a lunch address by Rae Alexander-Minter; remarks by Patricia…

Kosar, Kevin R., Ed.

32

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series Did Welfare Reform Differentially Influence the Fertility of Young Teens?  

E-print Network

Influence the Fertility of Young Teens? Assessing the Success of the "Living Arrangement Rule" and the "Stay Differentially Influence the Fertility of Young Teens? Assessing the Success of the "Living Arrangement Rule of the Congressional Budget Office. #12;2 Did Welfare Reform Differentially Influence the Fertility of Young Teens

Shyy, Wei

33

Archival Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America (PIASA), the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, and the Head Office of State Archives in Warsaw, this metasite is very useful for researchers and others interested in locating special collections, libraries, and archives related to Poland, and Polonia institutions in the USA. The Polish Archival collections in the USA and Canada section offers contact information, descriptions of Polish archival holdings, and a link to over 45 institutions. The Polish Archives via the Internet section includes the same information and links to 35 archives in Poland. Rounding out the site are links to other online catalogs and archive listings and information on preserving archival materials.

1998-01-01

34

A collaborative and trauma-informed practice model for urban Indian child welfare.  

PubMed

Preventing the breakup of the American Indian family is the fundamental goal of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). However, few models exist to provide CPS workers and other practitioners with effective and practical strategies to help achieve this goal. This article presents a collaborative and trauma-informed family preservation practice model for Indian Child Welfare services with urban-based American Indian families. The model encompasses both systemic and direct practice efforts that assist families facing multiple challenges in creating a nurturing and more stable family life. System-level interventions improve the cultural responsiveness of providers, encourage partnerships between CPS and community-based providers, and support ICWA compliance. Direct practice interventions, in the form of intensive case management and treatment services, help parents/caregivers become more capable of meeting their own and their children's needs by addressing challenges such as substance abuse, trauma and other mental health challenges, domestic violence, and housing instability. Evaluation of the practice model suggests that it shows promise in preventing out-of-home placement of Native children, while at the same time improving parental capacity, family safety, child well-being, and family environment. PMID:23444791

Lucero, Nancy M; Bussey, Marian

2012-01-01

35

AEIC: Arizona Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Arizona Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) conducts research and distributes information about Arizona earthquakes in order to increase the knowledge about the causes and hazards of earthquakes. The website provides recent seismographs for many places including the Grand Canyon and Flagstaff along with a map of the fault system. Researchers can find a catalog of Arizona Earthquakes for the period of 1830 to 1998. Users can view an index map of recent earthquakes in the Intermountain West region of Utah as well.

36

The Sickle Cell Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Georgia N.I.H. Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, the Sickle Cell Foundation of Georgia, and the Pediatrics and Hematology-Oncology Departments of the Emory University Medical School sponsor this site, an information-rich compendium on Sickle Cell Anemia that targets health care providers and patients alike. The highlights of the site, in the Health Care Providers section, are two full text publications, Problem Oriented Management of Sickle Cell Syndromes (an update of a 1991 text by James Eckman and Allan Platt), and the National Institutes of Health Publication Management and Therapy of Sickle Cell Disease. Also available are a professional summary of the disease, a list of conferences, newborn screening information, transfusion protocol information, and general information for patients and their families.

37

Optimal Mandates and The Welfare Cost of Asymmetric Information: Evidence from The U.K. Annuity Market*  

PubMed Central

Much of the extensive empirical literature on insurance markets has focused on whether adverse selection can be detected. Once detected, however, there has been little attempt to quantify its welfare cost, or to assess whether and what potential government interventions may reduce these costs. To do so, we develop a model of annuity contract choice and estimate it using data from the U.K. annuity market. The model allows for private information about mortality risk as well as heterogeneity in preferences over different contract options. We focus on the choice of length of guarantee among individuals who are required to buy annuities. The results suggest that asymmetric information along the guarantee margin reduces welfare relative to a first best symmetric information benchmark by about £127 million per year, or about 2 percent of annuitized wealth. We also find that by requiring that individuals choose the longest guarantee period allowed, mandates could achieve the first-best allocation. However, we estimate that other mandated guarantee lengths would have detrimental effects on welfare. Since determining the optimal mandate is empirically difficult, our findings suggest that achieving welfare gains through mandatory social insurance may be harder in practice than simple theory may suggest. PMID:20592943

Einav, Liran; Finkelstein, Amy; Schrimpf, Paul

2009-01-01

38

Jobs, Welfare and Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides objective information about the relationship of poverty, welfare, and homelessness to California's regional economy and about the design of programs that help people in poverty build working lives. California does not have enough jobs for its workforce, and welfare caseloads are consequently determined by the economy. The…

Einbinder, Susan; And Others

39

Latin American Network Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 1992 and affiliated with the Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, the Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC) is designed to "facilitate access to Internet-based information to, from, or on Latin America." Their site was redesigned in the spring of 2008, and currently their various directories contain over 12,000 unique URLs for use by the general public. These links can be browsed by subject headings or by country, and visitors can look into more discrete topical headings like "food", "political science", and "social work". Along with these high-quality links, visitors can then click on over to their "Digital Initiatives" area. Here they will find digital collections that cover documents from the New Mexican Revolution and the full-text Fidel Castro Speech database. Visitors will also appreciate that many of the site's resources are available in Spanish and Portuguese.

40

Asia Recovery Information Center (ARIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Asia Recovery Information Center was first conceived at the Meeting on Development Cooperation: Responding to the Asia Crisis, in Sydney, Australia in March 1999. The ARIC Website has three objectives: to monitor the social and economic impacts, as well as the recovery process, of the Asian Crisis; to collect and disseminate information on the response of the international community to the Crisis; and to add to the dialogs about "policy reform in response to the crisis." Although it will be expanded to cover more countries, at present, ARIC covers the five main countries affected by the Crisis -- Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. ARIC's information is divided into seven sections. Recovery News is updated daily and contains news briefs and articles from around the world (both the source and the country of origin are noted). Hard data can be found in ARIC Indicators, which holds more than 40 social, economic, and financial indictors presented in both table and chart form. The Country Focus section allows users to search ARIC's information by topic and by country. The site also lists meetings and conferences, as well as offering an extensive collection of notable links. This resource is truly invaluable to users following the Asian Crisis.

41

45 CFR 1355.52 - Funding authority for statewide automated child welfare information systems (SACWIS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN...expenditures related to the planning, design, development and installation of a statewide...

2011-10-01

42

ASIDIC Survey of Information Center Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was made as a result of a need identified by the Association of Scientific Information Dissemination Center's (ASIDIC) Cooperative Data Management Committee (CDMC). The committee believed that an informal network of cooperative arrangements between centers could reduce the burden of individual centers and permit greater specialization…

Williams, Martha E.; Stewart, Alan K.

43

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With much of the United States becoming interested in the world of organic farming, sustainable agriculture, and related pursuits, it is nice to know that the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has a very nice online presence dedicated to alternative farming systems here at the Alternate Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC). The site has been recently redesigned, and visitors can jump right in by looking over the "I Want To" area, where they can locate funding resources, explore the world of aquaculture, and even explore alternative farming methods. After taking a look there, visitors can also browse the site's contents by subject area, including organic production, ecological pest management, and farm energy options.

44

National Invasive Species Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What's an invasive species? It's a great question and one that is much more complex than one might think. The United States Department of Agriculture has created the online National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC) to bring together key resources on these types of species in the United States as well as other corners of the world. On the site, visitors can Browse by Subject to find Aquatic Species, Plants, Animals, and Microbes. In each of these areas, visitors can read the legal definitions of these species and also use the search feature to look for additional resources. The Spotlights area also contains a useful interactive learning module, a calendar of related conferences, government bills, and funding resources.

45

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 2 (December 1, 1989 University of Maine January 19, 1991 #12;NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL Information and Analysis was announced by the National Science Foundation on August 19, 1988, and awarded

California at Santa Barbara, University of

46

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 3 (December 1, 1990 University of Maine January 28, 1992 #12;NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL Information and Analysis was announced by the National Science Foundation on August 19, 1988, and awarded

California at Santa Barbara, University of

47

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 4 (December 1, 1991 University of Maine February 28, 1993 #12;NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL Information and Analysis was announced by the National Science Foundation on August 19, 1988, and awarded

California at Santa Barbara, University of

48

Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center Joint Information Center  

E-print Network

Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center Joint Information Center FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Steve Segin, 303-445-4322 ssegin@fs.fed.us HIGH FIRE DANGER OVER ROCKY MOUNTAIN AREA LAKEWOOD, CO--, (August 22, 2011) ­ In response to the growing wildfire threat, the Rocky Mountain Area Coordination

49

Center for Information & Communications Technology ResearchCenter for Information & Communications Technology Research (CICTR)(CICTR)  

E-print Network

Electronic Exchanges & Optical Systems & RF TechnologyComputers Wireless Multimedia Communications #12;NextCenter for Information & Communications Technology ResearchCenter for Information & Communications Technology Research (CICTR)(CICTR) Dept. of Electrical EngineeringDept. of Electrical Engineering

Yener, Aylin

50

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 8 (January 1, 1996 University of Maine 30 June 1997 #12;NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT and Analysis was announced by the National Science Foundation on August 19, 1988, and awarded to a consortium

California at Santa Barbara, University of

51

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 1 (December 1, 1988 University of Maine February 26, 1990 #12;NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL and Analysis was announced by NSF on August 19, 1988, and awarded to a consortium of the University

California at Santa Barbara, University of

52

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 5 (December 1, 1992 University of Maine April 26, 1994 #12; NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT and Analysis was announced by the National Science Foundation on August 19, 1988, and awarded to a consortium

California at Santa Barbara, University of

53

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT Year 7 (January 1, 1995 University of Maine 30 March 1996 #12;i NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS ANNUAL REPORT and Analysis was announced by the National Science Foundation on August 19, 1988, and awarded to a consortium

California at Santa Barbara, University of

54

The effects of information on willingness to pay for animal welfare in dairy production: application of nonhypothetical valuation mechanisms.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine consumer willingness to pay (WTP) for animal welfare in dairy production using nonhypothetical Vickrey auctions and open-ended choice experiments. Two hundred fifteen subjects participated in experimental sessions with 4 types of dairy products (humane animal care-labeled cheese and ice cream and conventional cheese and ice cream) and 4 valuation mechanisms. Information treatment, which included information about humane animal care principles in dairy production, was used to examine the effects of information on WTP. The results showed that participants, on average, were willing to pay extra for a scoop of humane animal care-labeled ice cream above the price of conventional ice cream. However, no premium WTP for humane animal care-labeled cheese was detected. Furthermore, provision of information only about humane animal care principles in dairy production, without corresponding information about conventional production practices, did not increase WTP for humane animal care-labeled products. PMID:22365193

Elbakidze, L; Nayga, R M

2012-03-01

55

Outline of Toshiba Business Information Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Toshiba Business Information Center gathers and stores inhouse and external business information used in common within the Toshiba Corp., and provides companywide circulation, reference and other services. The Center established centralized information management system by employing decentralized computers, electronic file apparatus (30cm laser disc) and other office automation equipments. Online retrieval through LAN is available to search the stored documents and increasing copying requests are processed by electronic file. This paper describes the purpose of establishment of the Center, the facilities, management scheme, systematization of the files and the present situation and plan of each information service.

Nagata, Yoshihiro

56

UCSF Center for HIV Information  

MedlinePLUS

... policy, and prevention. Mozambique Positive Prevention Toolkit I-TECH, the HIV/AIDS Twinning Center, and PEPFAR Mozambique. ... for Transgender Health Prevention, care, and treatment I-TECH International training and technical assistance VA National HIV/ ...

57

Promising Practices and Strategies for Using Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Practice to Improve Foster Care Placement Stability: A Breakthrough Series Collaborative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will provide information on a recent Breakthrough Series Collaborative (BSC) conducted by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network on Using Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Practice to Improve Foster Care Placement Stability. Information on this particular BSC will be provided, followed by initial findings gathered from an evaluation of…

Conradi, Lisa; Agosti, Jen; Tullberg, Erika; Richardson, Lisa; Langan, Heather; Ko, Susan; Wilson, Charles

2011-01-01

58

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). 950...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center, National...

2012-01-01

59

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). 950...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center, National...

2011-01-01

60

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). 950...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center, National...

2013-01-01

61

15 CFR 950.6 - Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC). 950...INFORMATION § 950.6 Environmental Science Information Center (ESIC...should be addressed to: Environmental Science Information Center, National...

2014-01-01

62

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Note : The GARD Information Center does not provide genetic counseling and does not offer diagnostic testing, referrals, medical treatment or advice. GARD Information for the Public GARD Information for Health ... GARD Specific Genetic Disorders GARD Article and Sidebar for Health-Care ...

63

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis  

E-print Network

NCGIA National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Spatial Analysis on the Sphere Report 94-7 October 1994 Simonett Center for Spatial Analysis State University of New York University@ubvms.cc.buffalo.edu ncgia@spatial.maine.edu ncgia@ncgia.ucsb.edu #12;ABSTRACT Methods of analysis on a spherical earth

California at Santa Barbara, University of

64

Center for Aeronautics and Space Information Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the research done during 1991/92 under the Center for Aeronautics and Space Information Science (CASIS) program. The topics covered are computer architecture, networking, and neural nets.

Flynn, Michael J.

1992-01-01

65

Information Sciences: Information Centers and Special Libraries. Vol. II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliography is a compilation of annotated references on information sciences: information centers and special libraries and is volume II in a four-volume set on information sciences. It is a revision to the unlimited references in two earlier bibliographies, AD-829 001 and AD-829 002. Volume II includes references on technical information

Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, VA.

66

Center for Earthquake Research and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CERI, established in 1977 as the Tennessee Earthquake Information Center, is a Tennessee Board of Regents Center of Excellence at the University of Memphis devoted to understanding the causes and consequences of earthquakes and the structure and evolution of the continental lithosphere. CERI addresses these needs through cutting-edge research, comprehensive graduate student education, operation of state-of-the-art seismic and GPS networks, and dissemination of technical and practical information to the private and public sectors.

Center for Earthquake Research and Information

67

National Center for Biotechnology Information  

MedlinePLUS

... 29, 2015 Today, the NIH Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) system gets a new interface design, as well as updates that streamline the login and manuscript submission processes and provide relevant help information directly on each screen. More... You are here: ...

68

78 FR 14549 - National Contact Center; Information Collection; National Contact Center Customer Evaluation Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Control No. 3090-0278; Docket 2012-0001; Sequence 19] National Contact Center; Information Collection; National Contact Center Customer Evaluation Survey AGENCY: Contact Center Services, Federal Citizen Information Center, Office of...

2013-03-06

69

The Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval, located within the computer science department at the University of Massachusetts, is dedicated to "developing tools that provide effective and efficient access to large, heterogeneous, distributed, text and multimedia databases." To this end, the Center conducts a number of research activities, along with some rather compelling demonstration projects that visitors may want to examine. One of their demonstration projects located online is Acrophile, which allows users to search a database containing over 51,000 acronyms. Funded in part by the National Science Foundation, the Center has also been able to make a number of their working papers available online. The papers are divided into thematic areas, including information retrieval, with the series extending back to 1987. The site concludes with information about the Center's continuing research projects, personnel, and membership materials.

2003-01-01

70

After Welfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, the American RadioWorks has raised the bar for like-minded radio documentary programs, producing thought-provoking and insightful studies on topics such as, Congressional reform, intelligent design, and international adoption programs. In this recently released documentary, John Biewen has created this introspective look into the world of welfare reform in the United States, and how it has affected the lives of five different women and their families. The women profiled come from a host of different backgrounds, and visitors may be surprised at some of the findings that Biewen presents in the documentary. The site also includes an interactive feature that allows users to find out how their own state ranks in terms of welfare and foodstamp recipients, welfare check sizes, time limits, and unemployment rates. Visitors can also look over a list of additional external links of interest and also read the complete transcript of the program.

Biewen, John

2006-01-01

71

USGS National Landslide Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

United States Geological Survey (USGS) scientists are working to reduce long-term losses and casualties from landslide hazards through better understanding of the causes and mechanisms of ground failure both nationally and worldwide. The NLIC is responsible for distributing information about landslides to the lay public, researchers, planners, and local, state, and federal agencies. Current USGS landslide projects are discussed, including wildfire debris flow studies, and landslides caused by hurricanes. A search engine aids in discovery of USGS landslide-related documents.

72

Information Scanning and Processing at the Nuclear Safety Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a detailed manual of the information specialist's duties at the Nuclear Safety Information Center. Information specialists scan the literature for documents to be reviewed, procure the documents (books, journal articles, reports, etc.), keep the document location records, and return the documents to the plant library or other…

Parks, Celia; Julian, Carol

73

Center for International Earth Science Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Columbia University offers the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (last mentioned in the February 16, 2001 Scout Report), which specializes in online data and information management, spatial data integration and training, and interdisciplinary research related to human interactions in the environment. Their Data and Information page contains links to data, data applications, online tools, and information involving climate change, environmental health, land use, and more. The site contains an eclectic accumulation of GIS and environmental information that some researchers may find very interesting.

2008-02-07

74

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel. The purpose of the Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center is to collect, analyze, store, and make available descriptions of the environment of transportation expressed in engineering terms. The data stored in the Center are expected to be useful in a variety of transportation related analyses. Formulations of environmental criteria for shipment of cargo, risk assessments, and detailed structural analyses of shipping containers are examples where these data have been applied. For purposes of indexing and data retrieval, the data are catalogued under two major headings: Normal and Abnormal Environments.

Davidson, C. A.; Foley, J. T.

1980-10-01

75

Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What exactly is informal science education? Well, it isn't just a science class taught in jeans and a t-shirt. According to the Center for the Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) website, informal science "supports people of all ages and walks of life in exploring science, technology, engineering, and mathematics." In the "About Informal Science Education" section of the website, visitors can read about the places in which informal science education occurs, such as in the media, science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, nature centers, and after-school programs. The "ISE Spotlights" section contains real life examples of informal science education occurring around the nation. Visitors interested in becoming involved in informal science education (ISE) should check out the "CAISE Programs" link on the left hand menu, then click on "CAISE Initiatives", for the seven initiatives of project year four and five. Some of the initiatives include "The ISE Evidence Wiki", "Informal Commons" and "Interactive ISE Timeline". It is a site that is worth returning to multiple times, and the materials here represent some of the ways that persons of all ages learn about science.

76

Domestic Violence and Welfare Policy: Research Findings That Can Inform Policies on Marriage and Child Well-Being. Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserting that the welfare reform proposals of the mid-1990s drew attention to the problem of domestic violence among individuals receiving public assistance who are among the poorest of the poor, this report examines what is known from past research on domestic violence that may inform policies related to marriage and child well-being. In…

Lawrence, Sharmila

77

Transportation Technical Environmental Information Center index  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to determine the environmental intensities to which energy materials in transit may be exposed, a Data Center of technical environmental information has been established by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 5523, for the DOE Office of Transportation Fuel Storage. This document is an index which can be used to request data of interest. Access to the information held is not limited to Sandia personnel.

Davidson, C.A.; Foley, J.T.

1982-06-01

78

Scientific assessment of animal welfare.  

PubMed

Abstract Animal welfare is a state within the animal and a scientific perspective provides methodologies for evidence-based assessment of an animal's welfare. A simplistic definition of animal welfare might be how the animal feels now. Affective experiences including emotions, are subjective states so cannot be measured directly in animals, but there are informative indirect physiological and behavioural indices that can be cautiously used to interpret such experiences. This review enunciates several key science-based frameworks for understanding animal welfare. The biological functioning and affective state frameworks were initially seen as competing, but a recent more unified approach is that biological functioning is taken to include affective experiences and affective experiences are recognised as products of biological functioning, and knowledge of the dynamic interactions between the two is considered to be fundamental to managing and improving animal welfare. The value of these two frameworks in understanding the welfare of group-housed sows is reviewed. The majority of studies of the welfare of group-housed sows have employed the biological functioning framework to infer compromised sow welfare, on the basis that suboptimal biological functioning accompanies negative affective states such as sow hunger, pain, fear, helplessness, frustration and anger. Group housing facilitates social living, but group housing of gestating sows raises different welfare considerations to stall housing, such as high levels of aggression, injuries and stress, at least for several days after mixing, as well as subordinate sows being underfed due to competition at feeding. This paper highlights the challenges and potential opportunities for the continued improvement in sow management through well-focused research and multidisciplinary assessment of animal welfare. In future the management of sentient animals will require the promotion of positive affective experiences in animals and this is likely to be a major focus for animal welfare science activity in the early twenty-first century. PMID:25263963

Hemsworth, Ph; Mellor, Dj; Cronin, Gm; Tilbrook, Aj

2015-01-01

79

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

80

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis  

E-print Network

NCGIA National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Teaching Introductory Geographical Data Analysis with GIS: A Laboratory Guide for an Integrated SpaceStat/ldrisi Environment Edited for Spatial Analysis State University of New York University of Maine University of California 301 Wilkeson

California at Santa Barbara, University of

81

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series We're Not All Deadbeat Parents: Welfare Recipient Voices on  

E-print Network

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #12 ­ 14 May 2012 We're Not All Deadbeat Parents Poverty Center Working Paper Series index at: http of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Poverty Center or any sponsoring

Edwards, Paul N.

82

Federal Reserve System's National Information Center of Banking Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Information Center (NIC) web site contains extensive information about banks and other institutions regulated or supervised by the Federal Reserve. These include banks (including commercial and savings), savings and loan associations, credit unions and bank holding companies, among others. The information available includes balance sheets and income statements; details on the types of loans for the most recent five quarters for all institutions are available. The corporate structure and branch location of any institution can be found at the site.

1969-12-31

83

76 FR 54249 - Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Report; Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...send a copy of your comments to Dr. Linda Ketcher, Office of Indian...Washington, DC 20240. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Linda Ketcher (202) 513-7610...www.reginfo.gov (select Information Collection Review,...

2011-08-31

84

76 FR 33340 - Revision of Agency Information Collection for the Indian Child Welfare Assistance Annual Report...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the draft revised form from, Dr. Linda Ketcher, Office of Indian...Washington, DC 20240. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Linda Ketcher (202) 513-7610. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract The BIA is...

2011-06-08

85

CDIAC: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the homepage of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) which includes the World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases. CDIAC is the primary global-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). CDIAC responds to data and information requests from users from all over the world who are concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change. CDIAC's data holdings include records of the concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active gases in the atmosphere; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated carbon dioxide on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea level. In operation since 1982, CDIAC: obtains, evaluates, and archives data, compiles and distributes digital numeric data packages and computer model packages, provides data management support to global-change related scientific projects, distributes related reports, produces the newsletter, CDIAC Communications, and in general acts as the information focus for the U.S. DOE Global Change Research Program. CDIAC is supported by DOE's Environmental Sciences Division of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. CDIAC represents DOE in the multi-agency Global Change Data and Information System.

86

How the Child Welfare System Works  

MedlinePLUS

... Lists Adoption Assistance by State More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Resources From ... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Children's Bureau ...

87

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

88

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2014-01-01

89

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2010-01-01

90

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2013-01-01

91

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2012-01-01

92

14 CFR 1206.401 - Location of NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Location of NASA Information Centers. 1206.401 Section 1206...of Agency Records § 1206.401 Location of NASA Information Centers. (a) NASA will maintain the following Information...

2011-01-01

93

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust  

E-print Network

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director pliu@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

Giles, C. Lee

94

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust  

E-print Network

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director cai@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

95

Consumer Information: National Consumer Law Center (NCLC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded at the Boston College School of Law, the National Consumer Law Center (NCLC) is a nonprofit corporation committed to the legal problems commonly faced by low-income and financially distressed families. Accurate and authoritative information regarding issues of debt collection abuses, home improvement frauds, usury, and utility terminations, among others, are provided at the Consumer Information section of the site for lawyers, low-income community organizations, public policy makers, consumer and business reporters, and interested citizens, alike. Links to related websites are also provided for additional consumer guidance.

96

Center for Integration of Natural Disaster Information  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey's Center for Integration of Natural Disaster Information (CINDI) is a research and operational facility that explores methods for collecting, integrating, and communicating information about the risks posed by natural hazards and the effects of natural disasters. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is mandated by the Robert Stafford Act to warn citizens of impending landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. The USGS also coordinates with other Federal, State, and local disaster agencies to monitor threats to communities from floods, coastal storms, wildfires, geomagnetic storms, drought, and outbreaks of disease in wildlife populations.

U.S. Geological Survey

2001-01-01

97

Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Security is on the minds of many in higher education, and the Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) is very interested in playing a major role in this area of training and scholarship. With funds from the National Science Foundation, CSSIA has been working on developing an associate's degree program in information technology security, and on providing professional development opportunities and curricular materials. Visitors to the site can learn about their many partner institutions, check in on their calendar of upcoming conferences, and also learn about job opportunities in this field. Finally, visitors can also read evaluation reports created by CSSIA's in-house team of experts.

98

Information spreading and development of cultural centers.  

PubMed

The historical interplay between societies is governed by many factors, including in particular the spreading of languages, religion, and other symbolic traits. Cultural development, in turn, is coupled to the emergence and maintenance of information spreading. Strong centralized cultures exist due to attention from their members, whose faithfulness in turn relies on the supply of information. Here we discuss a culture evolution model on a planar geometry that takes into account aspects of the feedback between information spreading and its maintenance. Features of the model are highlighted by comparing it to cultural spreading in ancient and medieval Europe, where it suggests in particular that long-lived centers should be located in geographically remote regions. PMID:23004830

Dybiec, Bart?omiej; Mitarai, Namiko; Sneppen, Kim

2012-05-01

99

7 CFR 3430.1008 - Sun Grant Information Analysis Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. 3430.1008...PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Sun Grant Program § 3430.1008 Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. The...

2012-01-01

100

7 CFR 3430.1008 - Sun Grant Information Analysis Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. 3430.1008...PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Sun Grant Program § 3430.1008 Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. The...

2013-01-01

101

7 CFR 3430.1008 - Sun Grant Information Analysis Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. 3430.1008...PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Sun Grant Program § 3430.1008 Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. The...

2014-01-01

102

7 CFR 3430.1008 - Sun Grant Information Analysis Center.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. 3430.1008...PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Sun Grant Program § 3430.1008 Sun Grant Information Analysis Center. The...

2011-01-01

103

Center for International Earth Science Information Network Columbia University  

E-print Network

Center for International Earth Science Information Network Columbia University CIESIN Data and Information Management Policy CIESIN considers data and information resources to be organizational assets records on the status of all data or information created, developed, or acquired for dissemination

Columbia University

104

75 FR 45600 - Information Collection; Customer Data Worksheet Request for Service Center Information Management...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Customer Data Worksheet Request for Service Center Information...information collection to support Customer Data Worksheet Request for Service Center Information...the form AD-2047, ``Customer Data Worksheet Request for SCIMS Record...

2010-08-03

105

Sexual Abuse Histories of Youth in Child Welfare Residential Treatment Centers: Analysis of the Odyssey Project Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multi-site examination of sexual abuse histories of youth in residential treatment centers asked, for the sample as a whole and by youth's gender: (a) How many perpetrators did each youth have? (b) What was the gender of the perpetrator? (c) What proportion of youth was abused by family members? (d) What proportion of youth was abused in a…

Baker, Amy J. L.; Curtis, Patrick A.; Papa-Lentini, Cynthia

2006-01-01

106

Ethology and animal welfare.  

PubMed

Much scientific information concerning animal behaviour has become available only recently and it continues to increase rapidly. There is evidence indicating that the behavioural needs of animals have sometimes been neglected when natural life-style are replaced by artificially contrived ones. More attention to and study of animals' social and other behavioural requirements would be mutually beneficial to both man and beast. If those needs can be met more adequately, animals will be easier to handle, stress will be reduced and productivity improved. Animal welfare legislation in different countries is mentioned and ethological research as basis for new legislation discussed. The development in this critical field of Ethology and Animal Welfare is advancing fast and the South African Veterinarian must be aware of the new movement from Animal Science to Animal Rights. PMID:7341784

Osterhoff, D R

1981-12-01

107

Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center (NHRAIC) at the University of Colorado at Boulder works with researchers, individuals, and organizations to reduce the social and political damages caused by natural disasters. The website presents its many projects such as the Emergency Management Education Project and the Boulder Creek Flood Notebook, a system to quickly respond to a potentially deadly flood. Students and educators can learn about scholarships, student paper competitions, and upcoming conferences and meetings. The site offers a bimonthly periodical and synopses of post-disaster studies. Users can also subscribe to the free email newsletter dealing with hazards and disasters.

108

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed to provide women with authoritative and timely knowledge of a host of womens health issues, the National Womens Health Information Center site (sponsored by the US Department of Health and Human Services) offers a reliable and thorough overview of hundreds of topics and current news briefs. Health topics on the site (which range from abstinence to yellow fever) are alphabetically listed or can also be located by entering keywords. Visitors to the site can also sign up here to receive weekly health tips via email. Along with featuring information on health topics, other issues affecting women are well-represented here, including domestic violence awareness and body image. Also helpful is the fact that the site is also available in Spanish, which will be useful to Spanish-speaking persons and health professionals working with Spanish speakers.

109

Welfare dynamics, support services, mothers' earnings, and child cognitive development: implications for contemporary welfare reform.  

PubMed

This prospective longitudinal study, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY; N = 614), addresses the gap in the research literature regarding the effects of welfare reform on children. Key questions addressed include whether welfare dynamics and support services relevant to welfare reform, both measured across the first 5 years of life, are associated with mothers' earnings in the 6th year and three child cognitive outcomes in the 7th and 8th years: Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT) math and reading scores, and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT). Welfare dynamics are represented by total time on welfare, degree of cycling on and off welfare, and degree to which welfare and work are combined. Support services measured include three forms of child care (relative, babysitter, and center-based), as well as three forms of human capital supports (child support, job training, and education). Controlling for a range of background factors and for different patterns of welfare use across the first 5 years, small positive associations with mother's earnings were found for child support, education, and job training. Small positive associations also were found between child support and both math and reading scores. Finally positive associations of medium effect size were found between center care and both mothers' earnings and child PPVT scores. Although effect sizes are generally small, the results suggest the potential value of welfare reform approaches that emphasize long-term human capital development. Interactions between welfare dynamics and support services suggest subgroup differences. Specifically, positive effects of support services on earnings are strongest among mothers with higher levels of human capital (higher levels of work while on welfare, lower total time on welfare). Babysitter care appears to have negative effects on both reading and math scores of children whose mothers report low levels of work while on welfare. Implications for welfare reform policy are discussed. PMID:10368922

Yoshikawa, H

1999-01-01

110

Modeling and Simulation Information Analysis Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Modeling and Simulation Information Analysis Center (MSIAC) assists the Department of Defense (DoD) in meeting its M&S needs "by providing scientific, technical, and operational support information and services." Through the Help Desk, MSIAC also answers technical inquiries from non-DoD customers, who agree to pay for their service beyond the first two hours. The group has experience in weapons technology including WMD, information management, modeling and simulation, operations analysis, chemical and explosive sciences, material sciences, spectrum engineering, wireless communication, life sciences, medical informatics and telemedicine, transportation systems, and reliability, availability, and maintainability. A wealth of resources are available from this website, including the Modeling & Simulation Resource Repository (MSRR), which is described as "the first place to go for answers to M&S" and Glossary of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Terms, information on special topics of interest within M&S, and links to related websites. The MSIAC's M&S Journal Online offers quarterly articles of interest to the M&S community free of charge. This site is also reviewed in the March 25, 2005_NSDL MET Report_.

111

A Resource Center for Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal science education (ISE) is playing an increasingly important role in how and where the public engages with science. A growing body of research is showing that people learn the majority of their science knowledge outside of school (Falk & Dierking, 2010). The ISE field includes a wide variety of sources, including the internet, TV programs, magazines, hobby clubs and museums, all sectors of the informal science education field. These experiences touch large numbers of people throughout their lifetimes. If you would like to share your research with the public, ISE can be an effective conduit for meaningful science communication. However, because the ISE field is so diverse, it can be overwhelming with its multiple entry points. If you already are part of an ISE initiative, knowing how to access the most useful resources easily can also be daunting. CAISE, the Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education, is a resource center for the ISE field funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). CAISE can help connect you to the knowledge and people of ISE, through its website, products and in-person convenings. The proposed CAISE presentation will outline the diversity of the field and concisely present data that will make the case for the impact of ISE. We will focus on examples of successful programs that connect science with the public and that bring together AGU's science research community with practitioners and researchers within ISE. Pathways to various ISE resources in the form of current CAISE initiatives will be described as well. The presentation will include an interview section in which a CAISE staff member will ask questions of a scientist involved in an ISE initiative in order to detail one example of how ISE can be a valuable tool for engaging the public in science. Time for audience Q&A also will be included in the session.

Dickow, B.

2011-12-01

112

78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction...

2013-12-24

113

Stennis Space Center Environmental Geographic Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As NASA's lead center for rocket propulsion testing, the John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) monitors and assesses the off-site impacts of such testing through its Environmental Office (SSC-EO) using acoustical models and ancillary data. The SSC-EO has developed a geographical database, called the SSC Environmental Geographic Information System (SSC-EGIS), that covers an eight-county area bordering the NASA facility. Through the SSC-EGIS, the Enivronmental Office inventories, assesses, and manages the nearly 139,000 acres that comprise Stennis Space Center and its surrounding acoustical buffer zone. The SSC-EGIS contains in-house data as well as a wide range of data obtained from outside sources, including private agencies and local, county, state, and U.S. government agencies. The database comprises cadastral/geodetic, hydrology, infrastructure, geo-political, physical geography, and socio-economic vector and raster layers. The imagery contained in the database is varied, including low-resolution imagery, such as Landsat TM and SPOT; high-resolution imagery, such as IKONOS and AVIRIS; and aerial photographs. The SSC-EGIS has been an integral part of several major projects and the model upon which similar EGIS's will be developed for other NASA facilities. The Corps of Engineers utilized the SSC-EGIS in a plan to establish wetland mitigation sites within the SSC buffer zone. Mississippi State University employed the SSC-EGIS in a preliminary study to evaluate public access points within the buffer zone. The SSC-EO has also expressly used the SSC-EGIS to assess noise pollution modeling, land management/wetland mitigation assessment, environmental hazards mapping, and protected areas mapping for archaeological sites and for threatened and endangered species habitats. The SSC-EO has several active and planned projects that will also make use of the SSC-EGIS during this and the coming fiscal year.

Lovely, Janette; Cohan, Tyrus

2000-01-01

114

The Center for Information Systems Security Studies and  

E-print Network

The Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research (CISR) has created the ISSE developments where cyber security is a concern. Information Systems Security Engineering (ISSE) Certificate Information Systems Security Engineering Identify properties used to evaluate different security architectures

115

National Center for Biotechnology Information: Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) does a number of educational outreach programs, and their tutorials come highly recommended. In the "Web Tutorials" area, visitors will find nine different resources that cover DNA manipulation and the identification of disease genes. A good portion of these materials are collected from publications. Publications include "Comparative Genomics" and other documents, and they are available in their entirety via the "Bookshelf" section of the site. Moving on, the detailed "Problem Sets" are taken from other NCBI publications, and they cover disease genes and 3D protein structures. Finally, the "Video Tutorials" section of the site offers tutorials on how to quickly obtain specific materials from the NCBI website and PubMed.

116

USDA Food and Nutrition Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nutrition is very important, and coming across high-quality websites on the subject is a real treat. The United States Department of Agriculture created the Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) in 1971, and their work is designed to provide a broad range of resources of nutrition for health professionals, educators, government personnel, and consumers. As with many of the USDA's sites, visitors can perform a full search using the embedded search engine, or use the "I Want To..." area to look up calories or nutrients in a food or ask a question of their resource specialists. First-time visitors should also look at their "Spotlights" section, which includes a special food pyramid for pregnant and nursing moms, the "Healthy Meals" resource system for child nutrition professionals, and food safety information. For those who know more or less what they are looking for, they can take advantage of the subject headings on the left-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find resources on weight and obesity, dietary supplements, dietary guidance, and food labeling.

117

The Micro Revolution and Information Analysis Centers: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts experiences of the Carbon Dioxide Information Center, a technical information analysis center at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which has utilized a microcomputer for exchange of automated bibliographic references. Procedures and problems in adding microcomputer information to mainframe databases are noted and other microcomputer…

Pfuderer, H. A.; Allison, L. J.

1985-01-01

118

Youth At-Risk of Welfare Dependency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of WIN (Welfare Information Network) Issue Notes focuses on the tendency of children from low-income families to drop out of high school, become teen parents, become involved in drug-related activities, and become involved in other activities that place them at high risk of long-term welfare dependency. Section 1 offers the background.…

Kaplan, April

1999-01-01

119

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at Oak Ridge National Laboratories in Tennessee, this Website is the US Department of Energy's "primary global-change data and information analysis center" and is a central source for many Carbon Dioxide-related resources. Among those resources are several we have reviewed, for example, the Catalog of Databases and Reports (reviewed in the June 24, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) and Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates (reviewed in the March 4, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering). The CDIAC site offers a wealth of information, including "records of the concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active gases in the atmosphere; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated carbon dioxide on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea level." To get a feel for the research summaries and data available at the CDIAC site, see the Products section (describes the research projects associated with CDIAC as well as links to those data sets); the New section (offers a hyperlinked list of new data products); the Top 10 section (offers a hyperlinked list of Frequently Requested Global Change Products); or any of the specific project sections: FACE (Free Air CO2 Enrichment), NARSTO (a non-binding, tri-national, public/private alliance), OCEANS (Survey of CO2 in the Oceans), or AmeriFlux (long-term CO2 flux measurements of the Americas). This is an outstanding resource for those seeking global data (or research summaries) on the status of carbon dioxide in several components of the earth's ecosystems.

120

Drivers for animal welfare policies in Europe.  

PubMed

The European region has been, and remains, a global leader in the development of animal welfare policies. The region has a great diversity of cultures and religions, different levels of socio-economic development, and varied legislation, policies and practices. Nevertheless, there are common drivers for animal welfare policy based on a history of animal welfare ethics and obligations to animal users and society in general. A unifying goal of countries in the region is to achieve sustainable compliance with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) standards on animal health and welfare. Ethics isthe overarching driver, supported by the actions of governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental activities, markets and trade, science and knowledge. Historically, organisations involved in promoting animal welfare have tended to act in isolation. For example, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have run campaigns to influence retailers and the welfare policies of their farmer suppliers. Increasingly, different organisations with common or complementary goals are working together. For example, competent authorities, inter-governmental bodies and NGOs have combined their efforts to address dog population control across several countries in the region. Also, animal welfare is becoming integrated into the corporate social responsibility targets of private companies. Science and knowledge, as drivers and tools, are assisting with the harmonisation of welfare standards, e.g. by providing a common basis for measuring welfare impacts through animal-based measures and widespread sharing of this information. Current trends suggest that there will be greater collaboration among the organisations driving change, and increasing convergence of animal welfare strategies and welfare assessment tools. The result will be increased harmonisation of animal welfare standards throughout the region. PMID:25000776

Dalla Villa, P; Matthews, L R; Alessandrini, B; Messori, S; Migliorati, G

2014-04-01

121

Laboratory Animal Welfare Supplement IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fourth supplement to a 1984 bibliography on laboratory animal welfare. Items presented were selected because they represent some of the most significant of those providing recent information or because they were considered useful. The period covered is October, 1986 through October, 1987. Monographs, conference proceedings,…

Gluckstein, Fritz P., Comp.

122

Animal welfare concepts in India: Perceptions and reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In India the concept of Animal Welfare is quite different from the concept of Animal Husbandry. There is paucity of precise information on the animal welfare activities being carried out in practice as compared to policy documents prepared by governmental and non-governmental organizations. During the past 10 years Animal Welfare Societies have been established to take up a number of

Ashok Rathore

123

Nuclear Safety Information Center, Its Products and Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) serves as a focal point for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information related to safety problems encountered in the design, analysis, and operation of nuclear facilities. (Author/AB)

Buchanan, J. R.

1970-01-01

124

Starting from Scratch in a Specialized Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the creation and first few months of operation of a center designed to serve information needs relating to Silicon Valley, California, in the San Jose (California) Public Library. Description of the Silicon Valley Information Center covers financial support, needs assessment, the online catalog, selection of mini- and microcomputer…

Cline, Sharon D.

1987-01-01

125

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

126

Dislocated Worker Assistance Center: Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Dislocated Worker Assistance Center (DWAC) at Joliet Junior College (Illinois) is a comprehensive employment and training program for individuals with established work records who have lost their jobs because of layoff, plant closure, or changes in technology in the workplace. The DWAC was elected to serve as the National Demonstration Center

Joliet Junior Coll., IL.

127

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

128

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER (UHC) NOTICE OF HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER (UHC) NOTICE OF HEALTH INFORMATION PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY. Understanding Your Health Record/Information Each time you visit or treatment. This information, often referred to as your health or medical record, serves as: · A basis

Arnold, Jonathan

129

The defense technical information center: Expanding its horizons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearing its 50th anniversary, the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) continues to support the conduct of DoD research, development, and engineering programs. DTIC provides a full range of information services, providing its customers with document services, database services, and information analysis. Included in its mission are the investigation, experimentation, and application of advanced information science and technology, permitting it to

Kurt N. Molholm

1995-01-01

130

An Assessment of Social Welfare in Spain: Territorial Analysis Using a Synthetic Welfare Indicator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is measure social welfare in Spanish provinces. To achieve this, we use the distance method P[subscript 2] to compose a synthetic indicator of welfare for 2007, the last year for which data are available. The index comprises information on different social indicators from various life domains and enables a classification of…

Espina, Pilar Zarzosa; Arechavala, Noelia Somarriba

2013-01-01

131

32 CFR 37.1030 - What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center? 37.1030...AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS...the Award Reporting Information About the Award §...

2010-07-01

132

ERIC Directory of Education-Related Information Centers, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory is designed to help users identify information centers in education and related fields that can provide up-to-date information. It includes both federally and privately funded organizations that provide services and products such as: reference and referral; online searches; publications; information dissemination; technical…

Heeg, Michael, Ed.; Taheri, Belinda, Ed.

133

Information Extraction from Unstructured Text for the Biodefense Knowledge Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bio-Encyclopedia at the Biodefense Knowledge Center (BKC) is being constructed to allow an early detection of emerging biological threats to homeland security. It requires highly structured information extracted from variety of data sources. However, the quantity of new and vital information available from every day sources cannot be assimilated by hand, and therefore reliable high-throughput information extraction techniques are

N F Samatova; R Krishnamurthy; R Munavalli; C Symons; D J Buttler; T Cottom; T J Critchlow; T Slezak

2005-01-01

134

Center for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The prototype AIDS patent library is a system designed by MCNC's Clearinghouse for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval (CNIDR) for the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) and will serve as a model for storing and disseminating government and other public documents in the future. The system uses CNIDR-developed information retrieval software and supports direct access to patents through a variety of popular network information services such as Z39.50, World Wide Web and electronic mail.

1994-01-01

135

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2010-04-01

136

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2013-04-01

137

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2011-04-01

138

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2014-04-01

139

22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC...access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement...

2012-04-01

140

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Multiple Topological  

E-print Network

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis Multiple Topological Representations By Bud of ongoing research on topological data structures for GIS, representing the state as of summer 1990 Center for Spatial Analysis State University of New York University of Maine University of California 301

California at Santa Barbara, University of

141

News Note: NCI Awards Cancer Information Service Contact Center  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute announced yesterday the selection of a single organization for a multiple year contract award to operate its Cancer Information Service (CIS) Contact Center. The program will be located at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Wash., and will serve the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S.-associated Pacific Territories.

142

HOMELAND SECURITY AND DEFENSE CENTER For More Information  

E-print Network

seCurity Aviation Security After Four Decades, It's Time for a Fundamental Review Brian MichaelHOMELAND SECURITY AND DEFENSE CENTER For More Information Visit RAND at www.rand.org Explore the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center View document details Support RAND Purchase this document

143

49. COMMAND INFORMATION CENTER (CIC) AFT LOOKING FORWARD PORT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. COMMAND INFORMATION CENTER (CIC) - AFT LOOKING FORWARD PORT TO STARBOARD SHOWING VARIOUS TYPES OF RADAR UNITS, PLOT TABLES AND PLOTTING BOARDS. - U.S.S. HORNET, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Sinclair Inlet, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

144

Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA): Learning Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this page of learning resources useful for information technology courses. Most of these materials fall under the category of course outlines and syllabi. Topics include cyber ethics, forensic accounting, disaster recovery, security awareness, wireless security, VOIP security and other pertinent subjects to this field. Users are encouraged to visit the center's site and create a free login to view these and other learning resources.

145

Deinstitutionalization and Welfare Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before America began creating a federally based welfare state in the 1930s, most publicly funded responses to social problems had an institutional bias. The ways in which the welfare programs initiated 50 years ago have helped to influence institutional trends, and are likely to continue doing so in the future, constitute the major focus of this analysis. Four special problem

Paul Lerman

1985-01-01

146

Family, welfare, and delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from a five-wave panel probability sample of families in the State of Washington were analyzed to test the hypothesis that female headship and welfare experience increased participation in and frequency of juvenile delinquency. Appropriate statistical models of random effect probit and negative binomial were employed. Results indicated that there were no direct effects of female headship and welfare experience

Liqun Cao; Jian Cao; Jihong Zhao

2004-01-01

147

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2012-01-01

148

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2013-01-01

149

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... true Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2011-01-01

150

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. 1206.402 Section 1206...402 Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers. (a) Each NASA Information Center will have available for...

2014-01-01

151

New York State Education Information Centers Program. Summative Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven pilot New York State Education Information Centers (EICs) were established in 1980 to provide comprehensive information referral and advisory services to adults and out-of-school youth on education, job, and career-related topics. The EICs are located in Brooklyn, Harlem, Hempstead, White Plains, Plattsburgh, Syracuse, and Jamestown. Last…

Jacobson, Marilyn D.

152

Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for implementation.…

Martin, J. Sperling

1992-01-01

153

Social Work Information Center 2.0: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social work library at USC provides a case study of an academic library's transition to an information center service model. Analysis of the collection, user community, Web 2.0 applications, and Web usage data demonstrates how the changes facilitated library services and information literacy instruction. (Contains 6 tables and 3 figures.)

Xu, F. Grace

2009-01-01

154

CLICK: USGS Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the the USGS clearing house for LiDAR data and information. The goal of Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge (CLICK) is to facilitate data access, user coordination and education of lidar remote sensing for scientific needs.

Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge (CLICK); part of USGS

155

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

156

32 CFR 37.1030 - What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center? 37.1030 Section 37.1030 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF...

2013-07-01

157

32 CFR 37.1030 - What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center? 37.1030 Section 37.1030 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF...

2012-07-01

158

Information Center Complex publications and presentations, 1971-1980  

SciTech Connect

This indexed bibliography lists publications and presentations of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, from 1971 through 1980. The 659 entries cover such topics as toxicology, air and water pollution, management and transportation of hazardous wastes, energy resources and conservation, and information science. Publications range in length from 1 page to 3502 pages and include topical reports, books, journal articles, fact sheets, and newsletters. Author, title, and group indexes are provided. Annual updates are planned.

Gill, A.B.; Hawthorne, S.W.

1981-08-01

159

Center for International Health Information (CIHI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The CIHI Website provides data on current status and trends in population, nutrition, and health for developing countries that receive USAID assistance. Country, regional, and time series data are available in tables in either text or .pdf format for sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Near East, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Indicators include infant and maternal mortality, nutritional status, vaccination coverage, contraceptive use, and population and fertility rates. Users can download Global Health Data Viewer (GHDV) software containing over 60 indicators from 200 countries from the site. GHDV allows users to display a selected single point in time or time series data in spreadsheet or graphic form for manipulation or export to other programs. Other sections of the site contain reports of USAID projects and links to international population and health information sources.

160

Operation of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major operational areas of the COSMIC center are described. Quantitative data on the software submittals, program verification, and evaluation are presented. The dissemination activities are summarized. Customer services and marketing activities of the center for the calendar year are described. Those activities devoted to the maintenance and support of selected programs are described. A Customer Information system, the COSMIC Abstract Recording System Project, and the COSMIC Microfiche Project are summarized. Operational cost data are summarized.

1983-01-01

161

Information Please return to ITS Support Center, Mail Stop: ITS Kerr University Administrative Information System  

E-print Network

Information Please return to ITS Support Center, Mail Stop: ITS Kerr Technology Services University Administrative Information System ACCESS TO INFORMATION STATEMENT Federal law, California law, and University policy protects any information that is maintained by the University that identifies or describes

California at Santa Cruz, University of

162

Drivers for animal welfare policies in Africa.  

PubMed

Livestock in Africa represent on average 30% of the agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) and about 10% of the national GDP. Up to 300 million people depend on livestock for their income and livelihood. Accordingly, livestock are considered to be important for the African continent. Despite this, little or no provision for animal welfare is made in the laws and regulations of most African countries. However, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Performance of Veterinary Services (PVS) Tool includes animal welfare as a critical competency in Veterinary Services, and most African countries have now conducted PVS appraisals. The development of a Regional Animal Welfare Strategy in Africa is also important because it will provide opportunities for full engagement by all relevant parties. Key elements in this process should include collaboration and coordination in information dissemination to all stakeholders, who should include all those in the value chain. The roles played by the OIE Member Delegates and Focal Points, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), in driving animal welfare policy in most African countries are notable. Without a level of understanding of animal welfare that is sufficient to support clear animal welfare policy development and implementation, problems may appear in the near future which could jeopardise the attainment of increased animal productivity and product quality. This may have negative implications for economic growth and for national and international trade. PMID:25000777

Molomo, M; Mumba, T

2014-04-01

163

Obtaining sensitive information from a wary population: a comparison of telephone and face-to-face surveys of welfare recipients in the United States.  

PubMed

Recent studies reveal the benefits of technological developments such as audio computer assisted self-interviewing (A-CASI) in interview methodology, especially for surveys of sensitive behavior and information. However, we believe that the selection of mode of administration depends not only on the technology available and the behavior of interest, but also on the specific population under study. We therefore assess survey mode effects on reported rates of alcohol and drug use among welfare recipients, an especially important group for scholars and public health agencies. The sample consisted of adult recipients of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) in Oklahoma, January 2001. Adjusting for demographic characteristics, employment, and education, we employ odds ratios to compare 30-day, 1 year, and lifetime prevalence estimates from telephone and face-to-face surveys. Telephone methodology yields similar or higher estimates for lifetime prevalence of alcohol, marijuana, and hard drug use and abuse, though lower estimates of recent use. We discuss our findings in relation to underfunded public health agencies that must efficiently assess and respond to local levels of drug abuse and we conclude that mode selection may depend upon the population under study. PMID:15955399

Pridemore, William Alex; Damphousse, Kelly R; Moore, Rebecca K

2005-09-01

164

Creating an X Window Terminal-Based Information Technology Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The creation of an information technology center at the University of Oregon Science Library is described. Goals included providing access to Internet-based resources and multimedia software, platforms for running science-oriented software, and resources so students can create multimedia materials. A mixed-lab platform was created with Unix-based…

Klassen, Tim W.

1997-01-01

165

Community Information and Services Centers: Concepts for Activation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental program based on a study by the Department of Housing and Urban Development was activated to deliver services to urban residents via automated communications technology. Designed to contribute to improvement in the quality of life, the program of a Community Information and Services Center (CISC) included: outreach programs, i.e.,…

Hopkins, Cleve

166

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Information Technology Assessment  

E-print Network

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Information Technology Assessment Final Report Central IT Expenditures per Faculty/Staff FTE . . . . . . . . . . 28 Table XV Comparing Percent of Total;List of Attachments Attachment I Interview Sessions Conducted -iv- #12;University of Tennessee Health

Cui, Yan

167

The Academic Library as a Full-Service Information Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Information Center (IC) evolved to take control of technology, to integrate the library's growing collection of networked resources with its service mission, to build a team of personnel committed to the success of the IC, and to integrate assessment into the cycle of change at the Mansfield Library.

Samson, Sue; Oelz, Erling

2005-01-01

168

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center produced during the calendar year 1983 is compiled. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and other Publications, Meeting Presentations, Technical Talks, Computer Programs, Tech Briefs, and Patents.

1984-01-01

169

Geographic information systems at the Goddard Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic functions of a Geographic Information System (GIS) and the different ways that a GIS may be implemented are described. It surveys that GIS software packages that are currently in operation at the Goddard Space Flight Center and discusses the types of applications for which they are best suited. Future plans for in-house GIS research and development are outlined.

Goldberg, M.

1982-01-01

170

MOD control center automated information systems security evolution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of the technology infusion process in future Control Center Automated Information Systems (AIS) is highlighted. The following subject areas are presented in the form of the viewgraphs: goals, background, threat, MOD's AISS program, TQM, SDLC integration, payback, future challenges, and bottom line.

Owen, Rich

1991-01-01

171

CEC and the Development of a Professional Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed is the historical background of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), and described are the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system and CEC's literature collection entitled "Exceptional Child Education Resources" (ECER). Plans for the Council's future, including the development of its own computer system for…

Geer, William C.

172

Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

2012-10-25

173

Senior-centered design of health information architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of senior-centered design experiments were used to define the best-fitting web hierarchy for health information for seniors are reported. Three experiments were performed, namely card sorting, category identification and category labeling. The card sorting experiment's results show that senior participants grouped items conceptually on the higher categorization level but were influenced by literal words found in the link

Panayiotis Zaphiris; Sri Hastuti Kurniawan

2001-01-01

174

The Status of Federal Libraries and Information Centers in the United States: Results from the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey. Statistical Analysis Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The data collected through the 1994 Federal Libraries and Information Centers Survey present a picture of federal libraries and information centers that provide a wide variety of services to their respective agencies as well as to the general public. Federal libraries and information centers reported holding over 51 million volumes or volume…

Hawkins, Evelyn F.; Rossi, Robert J.

175

Center for Aerospace Education Group Visit Information 1 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE EDUCATION  

E-print Network

for Aerospace Education Group Visit Information 1 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE EDUCATION Windward Community College 45-720 Kea'ahala Road Kane'ohe, Hawai'I 96744 235-7321 Hokulani Imaginarium and Aerospace designated for wheel chairs. Groups may combine an Imaginarium show with a visit to the Aerospace #12

Olsen, Stephen L.

176

Strategies for Success: An Evaluation Handbook for Parent Training and Information Centers and Community Parent Resource Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a basic "how-to" guide to help one's Parent Training and Information Center (PTI) or Community Parent Resource Center (CPRC) evaluate its programs. Evaluation may seem overwhelming, but a center already performs some steps of the evaluation process for the reports required by the Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers

Godfrey, Gretchen

2006-01-01

177

The Drug Information Center at the Manipal Teaching Hospital—Going beyond Drug Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The drug information center (DIC) at the Manipal Teaching Hospital (MTH), Pokhara, Nepal, was started in November 2003. The DIC provides objective, unbiased information on drugs and therapeutics to health care professionals in the teaching hospital and outside. The DIC is also involved in activities beyond the provision of drug information.The DIC maintains a close liaison with the hospital drug

P. Ravi Shankar; P. Mishra; P. Subish; Dinesh K. Upadhyay

2007-01-01

178

NASA -- CODI: Center for Ozone Data and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Ozone Data and Information was developed by NASA to provide support services for the ozone research community. Users can find materials, data, and links on many satellite, shuttle, ground-based, and other atmospheric-related missions. Researchers can learn about many data analysis tools and other software. The website provides downloads of important publications as well as information about upcoming conferences and meetings. Students and educators can find many links to information about the ozone and air quality. This well-organized site offers a great overview of the atmospheric research taking place by NASA and affiliated organizations.

179

User-Centered Indexing for Adaptive Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are focusing on information access tasks characterized by large volume of hypermedia connected technical documents, a need for rapid and effective access to familiar information, and long-term interaction with evolving information. The problem for technical users is to build and maintain a personalized task-oriented model of the information to quickly access relevant information. We propose a solution which provides user-centered adaptive information retrieval and navigation. This solution supports users in customizing information access over time. It is complementary to information discovery methods which provide access to new information, since it lets users customize future access to previously found information. It relies on a technique, called Adaptive Relevance Network, which creates and maintains a complex indexing structure to represent personal user's information access maps organized by concepts. This technique is integrated within the Adaptive HyperMan system, which helps NASA Space Shuttle flight controllers organize and access large amount of information. It allows users to select and mark any part of a document as interesting, and to index that part with user-defined concepts. Users can then do subsequent retrieval of marked portions of documents. This functionality allows users to define and access personal collections of information, which are dynamically computed. The system also supports collaborative review by letting users share group access maps. The adaptive relevance network provides long-term adaptation based both on usage and on explicit user input. The indexing structure is dynamic and evolves over time. Leading and generalization support flexible retrieval of information under similar concepts. The network is geared towards more recent information access, and automatically manages its size in order to maintain rapid access when scaling up to large hypermedia space. We present results of simulated learning experiments.

Chen, James R.; Mathe, Nathalie

1996-01-01

180

Jobs First: Final Report on Connecticut's Welfare Reform Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of Jobs First (JF) compared the experiences of JF participants who were subject to welfare reform policies with those of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) participants who were subject to prior welfare rules. It collected information for four years about JF's impacts on participants' children and analyzed its financial…

Bloom, Dan; Scrivener, Susan; Michalopoulos, Charles; Morris, Pamela; Hendra, Richard; Adams-Ciardullo, Diana; Walter, Johanna

181

The impact of welfare reform on local labor markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a local labor market information system to assess the labor market effects of recently adopted welfare reform laws. Using the Cleveland-Akron metropolitan area as a prototype, we develop an occupationally and geographically specific inventory of projected job openings and measure the skill mismatch between projected job openings and the welfare population likely to enter the labor market. We

Laura Leete; Neil Bania

1999-01-01

182

Improving Literature Searching in a Technical Information Center, an Internship and a Staff Improvement Course at the Owens-Illinois Technical Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff improvement course was developed by an intern at the technical information center (TIC) at Owens-Illinois, Inc. (O-I). First an analysis was made of the information center itself--its goals, services, literature search procedures, information sources, and the function of the information representative-analysts. Next a comparison was made…

Terbille, Charles I.

183

Educators benefit from energy information centers at nuclear plant sites  

SciTech Connect

While issues like dry storage, low-level waste storage, radiation, and license extension are projects with a technical perspective that need to be planned and executed at nuclear power plants, more difficult is the political perspective-gaining public acceptance to allow these projects to proceed. And public perception is predicated on the way plant neighbors and community members understand, accept, and trust the plants. Community educators are a key audience. Annually, U.S. information centers host about one million visitors; roughly half of them are school children who will soon join the ranks of voters, taxpayers, utility customers, and employees. Programs for educators and their classes vary from tours of centers that include computer games and video programs on energy-related topics to audio-visual presentations by center personnel. Some facilities have environmental activities such as hatcheries or nature trails, while others offer plant tours to specific age groups.

Krcma-Olson, L. [Wisconsin Electric, Two Rivers, WI (United States)

1994-12-31

184

77 FR 20887 - Proposed Information Collection (National Acquisition Center Customer Response Survey) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Acquisition Center Customer Response Survey) Activity...information needed to measure customer satisfaction with delivered products and services...National Acquisition Center Customer Response Survey, VA Form...

2012-04-06

185

75 FR 38506 - Office of Postsecondary Education: Overview Information; Coordinating Center for Transition and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Postsecondary Education: Overview Information; Coordinating Center...coordinating center for institutions of higher education that offer inclusive comprehensive...

2010-07-02

186

Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology and Environmental Teratology Information Center Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology and Environmental Teratology Information Center (DART/ ETIC) Database is made available by the National Library of Medicine's Toxicology Data Network. The database contains over 100,000 current and earlier literature citations covering teratology and other aspects of developmental and reproductive toxicology. Users may search the database by subject, title words, chemical name, Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number, and author. The Web site also includes a useful help page and sample record for familiarizing oneself with the database.

187

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

2001-01-01

188

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval and resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources

David L. Wheeler; Colombe Chappey; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Gregory D. Schuler; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Barbara A. Rapp

2000-01-01

189

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBanknucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR,

David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Vyacheslav Chetvernin; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Lewis Y. Geer; Yuri Kapustin; Oleg Khovayko; David Landsman; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Vadim Miller; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Alexandre Souvorov; Grigory Starchenko; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

2007-01-01

190

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CIESIN: The Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN, pronounced "season") was established in 1989 as a private, nonprofit membership corporation with members from leading universities and non-government research organizations. The corporation was formed to respond to the creation of the CIESIN initiative by the United States Congress (P.L.J101-144), and is dedicated to furthering the interdisciplinary study of global environmental change. It is agency-neutral, specializing in the access and integration of physical, natural, and socioeconomic information across agency missions and scientific disciplines.

191

Graphical Facility Information Center (GraFIC{trademark})  

SciTech Connect

The Graphical Facility Information Center (GraFIC{trademark}) is an information system that provides an inexpensive and flexible method of remotely verifying complete {open_quotes}up-to-the-minute{close_quotes} inventory status of stored items and facility assets. In addition, GraFIC{trademark} provides features needed for day to day management of storage and other facilities. GraFIC{trademark} combines an easy to use graphical user interface with extensive online help so that users need little training. GraFIC{trademark} can be configured to work with most sensor systems used to monitor facility assets.

Dunigan, J.J.; Gaby, J.E.; Hickerson, T.W.; Miller, M.A. [and others

1997-07-01

192

Environmental Quality Information Analysis Center multi-year plan  

SciTech Connect

An information analysis center (IAC) is a federal resource that provides technical information for a specific technology field. An IAC links an expert technical staff with an experienced information specialist group, supported by in-house or external data bases to provide technical information and maintain a corporate knowledge in a technical area. An IAC promotes the rapid transfer of technology among its users and provides assistance in adopting new technology and predicting and assessing emerging technology. This document outlines the concept, requirements, and proposed development of an Environmental Quality IAC (EQIAC). An EQIAC network is composed of several nodes, each of which has specific technology capabilities. This document outlines strategic and operational objectives for the phased development of one such node of an EQIAC network.

Rivera, R.G. (RDG, Inc. (United States)); Das, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Walsh, T.E. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States))

1992-09-01

193

National Center for Biotechnology Information: PubChem Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), "PubChem contains the chemical structures of small organic molecules and information on their biological activities. It is intended to support the Molecular Libraries and Imaging component of the NIH Roadmap Initiative." PubChem users can search the chemical structure database by chemical properties, structural similarity, and descriptive terms. PubChem utilizes three connected databases--PubChem Compound, PubChem Substance, and PubChem BioAssay--all of which operate inside the Entrez/PubMed information retrieval system. In addition, the site offers the PubChem Structure Search tool for quick similarity searches. The site also links to contact information for the Structure Group research staff, and selected online publications.

194

Stanford University: Center for the Study of Language and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI) "is devoted to research in the emerging science of information, computing, and cognition." This "new science" is an interdisciplinary project that developed through a shared interest among computer scientists, linguists, logicians, philosophers, psychologists, and artificial intelligence researchers "in how agents, whether biological or artificial, acquire, process, and convey information." The Center, initiated by researchers from Stanford, SRI International, and Xerox PARC, now also collaborates with researchers from other universities, laboratories, and companies around the world. The website provides information on projects from the Interface Laboratory and the Research in the Cognitive Sciences program. Projects from the Interface Laboratory "constitute a concerted effort at CSLI to address human/computer interface problems emerging in the world of telecommunications, information processing, and consumer electronics." Research in the Cognitive Sciences program addresses interdisciplinary projects that cover a range of topics in computer science, linguistics, logic and semantics, philosophy, psychology, and education. The Publications section includes proceedings from annual conferences, a few older technical reports, and a one-page summary of all publications, including several books available for purchase.

195

School of Social Welfare The University of  

E-print Network

. Wempe, Little River Deryl Wynn, Kansas City, Kan. Kim A. Wilcox, Executive Director 1000 S.W. Jackson St capital. The Lawrence campus is on Mount Oread, one of several bluffs in the Kansas and Wakarusa riverSchool of Social Welfare 2002-2004 The University of KANSAS This publication is for informational

196

Nutrition And Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutrition has a crucial role in determining the health and welfare of an animal. Owners have a responsibility to ensure that their cats receive a nutritionally complete and safe diet. The food should be offered in accordance with their natural feeding behaviour and physiology. Cats are obligate carnivores, with significantly different nutritional requirements from dogs and humans. As a result

Kit Sturgess; Karyl J. Hurley

197

Child Welfare Policy Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document conveys mandatory policies that have their basis in Federal Law and/or program regulations. It also provides interpretations of Federal Statutes and program regulations initiated by inquiries from State Child Welfare agencies or Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Regional Offices. The manual replaces the Children's…

Administration for Children & Families, 2008

2008-01-01

198

Housing And Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way a cat is housed will have a significant impact on its welfare. The range of housing conditions in which cats may be kept include boarding, breeding and quarantine catteries, shelters, research facilities, veterinary practices and the home. Drawing on ethological principles, the evolutionary history of the cat and studies of cats kept in different conditions, the housing requirements

Irene Rochlitz

199

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

200

Off Welfare, into Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned with the increasing feminization of poverty, the Rockefeller Foundation launched in 1982 a $12 million welfare-to-work research and demonstration project, presently midway into a 5-year evaluation. The Minority Female Single Parent Demonstration project involved four community-based organizations: Atlanta Urban League (Georgia);…

BCEL Newsletter for the Business and Literacy Communities, 1991

1991-01-01

201

Foreign Influence and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do foreign interests influence the policy determination process? What are the welfare implications of such foreign influence? In this paper we develop a model of foreign influence and apply it to the study of optimal tariffs. We develop a two-country voting model of electoral competition, where we allow the incumbent party in each country to take costly actions that

Pol Antràs; Gerard Padró i Miquel

2008-01-01

202

Foreign influence and welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do foreign interests influence policy? How are trade policies and the viability of trade agreements affected? What are the welfare implications of such foreign influence? In this paper we develop a model of foreign influence and apply it to the study of optimal tariffs. In a two-country voting model of electoral competition, we allow the incumbent party in each

Pol Antràs; Gerard Padró i Miquel

2011-01-01

203

Inflation and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews research on the welfare cost of inflation. New estimates are provided, based on U.S. time series for 1900-94, interpreted in a variety of ways. It is estimated that the gain from reducing the annual inflation rate from 10 percent to zero is equivalent to an increase in real income of slightly less than one percent. Using aggregate

2000-01-01

204

Welfare Reform and Head Start.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the status of social welfare programs in the United States and recent efforts to reform such programs. It proposes key issues that need to be addressed in any attempt to overhaul the federal welfare system. Welfare reform should ensure that: (1) those families on public assistance are able to meet their basic needs in order to…

National Head Start Association, Alexandria, VA.

205

Goddard's New Approach to Information Technology: The Information Systems Center an Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Information Center (ISC) at Goddard was created as part of the Goddard reorganization and was located within the Applied Engineering and Technology (AET) Directorate. The creation of ISC was to: (1) focus expertise and leadership in information system development; (2) Promote organizational collaboration, partnerships, and resource sharing; (3) Stimulate design/development of seamless end-to-end flight and ground systems; (4) Enable flexibility to effectively support many simultaneous projects by improved access to critical mass of discipline expertise; (5) Enhance career growth and opportunities including multi-disciplinary opportunities; and (6) to improve communications among information system professionals. This paper presents a general overview of the Information Systems Center as well as the role of the Software Engineering Laboratory within the center.

Kea, Howard E.

1994-01-01

206

Mental Health and Behavioral Problems of Youth in the Child Welfare System: Residential Treatment Centers Compared to Therapeutic Foster Care in the Odyssey Project Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first multisite, prospective study of behavioral and mental health disorders of youth in residential treatment centers (RTC) and therapeutic foster care (TFC), and the first study to compare the two. This study addressed two questions in a sample of 22 agencies in 13 states: (1) how prevalent were emotional and behavioral disorders in…

Baker, Amy J. L.; Kurland, David; Curtis, Patrick; Alexander, Gina; Papa-Lentini, Cynthia

2007-01-01

207

National Library of of Medicine: Disaster Information Management Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the core purpose of the Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIRMC) is "to develop and provide access to health information resources and technology for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery." It's an ambitious mission, but this site provides ample material for public health experts, journalists, scholars, and the general public. First-time visitors should look over the In the Spotlight area to learn about everything from disaster apps to resources about coping with disasters, violence, or other traumatic events. The New Documents area offers works that deal with biodefense, food contamination events, and nuclear terrorism response plans. Finally, additional information on a range of topics can be found on the left-hand side of the homepage in areas that include Disaster Health Literature and Librarians & Disasters.

208

Oglala Lakota College/Agriculture Network Information Center: Bison Information Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Bison Information Resources website is offered by Oglala Lakota College Library in partnership with the Agriculture Network Information Center. The site provides links for a wide variety of useful bison information sites organized under nine categories including Bison Associations, Bison Behavior and Development, Bison Environment, and Bison Folklore, to name a few. The bison-related internet sites offer information about the history of the plains, raising bison, North American biomes, bison reproduction, and more. Note: some of the links are not currently working, but the site still provides a good collection of useful, active links and information.

209

77 FR 56710 - Proposed Information Collection (Call Center Satisfaction Survey): Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2900-0744] Proposed Information Collection (Call Center Satisfaction Survey): Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration...forms of information technology. Title: VBA Call Center Satisfaction Survey. OMB Control Number: 2900-0744. Type of...

2012-09-13

210

77 FR 70211 - Agency Information Collection Activities (Call Center Satisfaction Survey) Under OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Agency Information Collection Activities (Call Center Satisfaction Survey) Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: VBA Call Center Satisfaction Survey. OMB Control Number: 2900-0744. Type of...

2012-11-23

211

FACILITIES - VISITORS INFORMATION CENTER [VIC] EXTERIOR EXHIBIT OF LUNAR MODULE SCALE MODEL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FACILITIES - VISITORS INFORMATION CENTER [VIC] EXTERIOR EXHIBIT OF LUNAR MODULE SCALE MODEL KSC-367-0337.01 105-KSC-367-337.1, P-01600, ARCHIVE-04453 Visitor Information Center - scale model Lunar Orbiter.

1967-01-01

212

Atmospheric Composition Data and Information Services Center (ACDISC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's GSFC Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information and Data Services Center (DISC) manages the archive, distribution and data access for atmospheric composition data from AURA'S OMI, MLS, and hopefully one day, HIRDLS instruments, as well as heritage datasets from TOMS, UARS, MODIS, and AIRS. This data is currently archived in the GES Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). The GES DISC has begun the development of a community driven data management system that's sole purpose is to manage and provide value added services to NASA's Atmospheric Composition (AC) Data. This system, called the Atmospheric Composition Data and Information Services Center (ACDISC) will provide access all AC datasets from the above mentioned instruments, as well as AC datasets residing at remote archive sites (e.g, LaRC DAAC) The goals of the ACDISC are to: 1) Provide a data center for Atmospheric Scientists, guided by Atmospheric Scientists; 2) Be absolutely responsive to the data and data service needs of the Atmospheric Composition (AC) community; 3) Provide services (i.e., expertise) that will facilitate the effortless access to and usage of AC data; 4) Collaborate with AC scientists to facilitate the use of data from multiple sensors for long term atmospheric research. The ACDISC is an AC specific, user driven, multi-sensor, on-line, easy access archive and distribution system employing data analysis and visualization, data mining, and other user requested techniques that facilitate science data usage. The purpose of this presentation is to provide the evolution path that the GES DISC in order to better serve AC data, and also to receive continued community feedback and further foster collaboration with AC data users and providers.

Kempler, S.

2005-01-01

213

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 true Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2010-10-01

214

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2011-10-01

215

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2013-10-01

216

48 CFR 1852.235-70 - Center for AeroSpace Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Center for AeroSpace Information. 1852.235-70 Section...Clauses 1852.235-70 Center for AeroSpace Information. As prescribed in 1835...insert the following clause: Center for Aerospace Information (DEC 2006) (a)...

2014-10-01

217

Dairy animal welfare. Introduction.  

PubMed

Organizations devoted to proper animal care have focused the attention of society on humane animal treatment. In recent years, some groups have raised questions as to what constitutes proper animal care on the farm and in the research laboratory. Philosophical questions about animal rights have been raised. Several groups are active in the animal welfare, animal rights arena and they vary widely in their objectives and methods of operation. Many of these groups are well-funded. Some resort to civil disobedience to achieve their ends. Farm animal commodity groups, animal-oriented research agencies, and animal-related industry groups have become increasingly aware of the public interest in animal welfare and are organizing programs and groups to better understand and educate the public on the issues. PMID:3448117

Blosser, T H

1987-12-01

218

Map and Geographic Information Center: University of Connecticut  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Map libraries are a common feature of many large public universities across the country, and the Map and Geographic Information Center at the University of Connecticut is part of this tradition. Bringing together a combination of current US Geological Survey maps and historical maps of importance, their site is a good place for geographers and other such persons seeking detailed spatial information about this state. By going in to the MAGIC Database from the siteâÂÂs homepage, visitors can view maps of ConnecticutâÂÂs coasts, rivers, labor market area, and regional planning districts. On the historic side of things, there are a number of fine maps that document the stateâÂÂs past, including the 1811 Warren & Gillett map of the entire state and a number of maps that document certain counties such as Fairfield and Hartford Counties in 1856 and 1855, respectively.

219

School of Social Welfare -Assistant Professor About University at Albany  

E-print Network

in social work, social welfare, or a related field from a college or university accredited by a U Centers and Institutes such as the Center for the Elimination of Minority Health Disparities. A university Report is available in portable document format [PDF] by clicking this link http://police

Azevedo, Ricardo

220

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1991 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specially publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC`s staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC`s staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC`s response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, factsheets, specially publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC`s information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M.; Stoss, F.W.

1992-06-01

221

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: FY 1991 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specially publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC's staff also provides technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC's staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC during the period October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC's response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of numeric data packages, computer model packages, technical reports, newsletters, factsheets, specially publications, and reprints is provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC's information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also described.

Cushman, R.M.; Stoss, F.W.

1992-06-01

222

Data Information for Global Change Studies: NASA's Distributed Active Archive Centers and Cooperating Data Centers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Earth Observing System (EOS) is an integral part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Earth Science Enterprise (ESE). ESE is a long-term global change research program designed to improve our understanding of the Earth's interrelated processes involving the atmosphere, oceans, land surfaces, and polar regions. Data from EOS instruments and other Earth science measurement systems are useful in understanding the causes and processes of global climate change and the consequences of human activities. The EOS Data and Information System (EOSDIS) provides a structure for data management and user services for products derived from EOS satellite instruments and other NASA Earth science data. Within the EOSDIS framework, the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) have been established to provide expertise in one or more Earth science disciplines. The DAACs and cooperating data centers provide data and information services to support the global change research community. Much of the development of the DAACs has been in anticipation of the enormous amount of data expected from EOS instruments to be launched within the next two decades. Terra, the EOS flagship launched in December 1999, is the first of a series of EOS satellites to carry several instruments with multispectral capabilities. Some data products from these instruments are now available from several of the DAACs. These and other data products can be ordered through the EOS Data Gateway (EDG) and DAAC-specific online ordering systems.

2000-01-01

223

Alternative treatment technology information center computer database system  

SciTech Connect

The Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center (ATTIC) computer database system was developed pursuant to the 1986 Superfund law amendments. It provides up-to-date information on innovative treatment technologies to clean up hazardous waste sites. ATTIC v2.0 provides access to several independent databases as well as a mechanism for retrieving full-text documents of key literature. It can be accessed with a personal computer and modem 24 hours a day, and there are no user fees. ATTIC provides {open_quotes}one-stop shopping{close_quotes} for information on alternative treatment options by accessing several databases: (1) treatment technology database; this contains abstracts from the literature on all types of treatment technologies, including biological, chemical, physical, and thermal methods. The best literature as viewed by experts is highlighted. (2) treatability study database; this provides performance information on technologies to remove contaminants from wastewaters and soils. It is derived from treatability studies. This database is available through ATTIC or separately as a disk that can be mailed to you. (3) underground storage tank database; this presents information on underground storage tank corrective actions, surface spills, emergency response, and remedial actions. (4) oil/chemical spill database; this provides abstracts on treatment and disposal of spilled oil and chemicals. In addition to these separate databases, ATTIC allows immediate access to other disk-based systems such as the Vendor Information System for Innovative Treatment Technologies (VISITT) and the Bioremediation in the Field Search System (BFSS). The user may download these programs to their own PC via a high-speed modem. Also via modem, users are able to download entire documents through the ATTIC system. Currently, about fifty publications are available, including Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program documents.

Sullivan, D. [Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, NJ (United States)

1995-10-01

224

Programmatic approaches to assessing and improving animal welfare in zoos and aquariums.  

PubMed

There continues to be intense public, professional, and scientific focus on the welfare of animals in zoos and aquariums, but implementing welfare assessment tools consistently throughout this community remains challenging. Indirect measures can be used to assess "welfare potential"-the potential that animals will experience good welfare based on the care that they are provided with. Zoos and aquariums focus on welfare potential with their continued commitment to develop animal care guidelines (e.g. Animal Care Manuals) that can play a role within institutional accreditation or certification. The Association of Zoos and Aquariums Animal Welfare Committee has been pursuing approaches to maximize welfare potential by developing the concept of an integrated welfare approach or framework-an attempt to identify recommended animal care programs (e.g. enrichment, nutrition, veterinary care, research, and animal training programs) and their programmatic components. Objectively assessing the influence that animal care recommendations have on the welfare of individual animals is important to determine the efficacy of programmatic approaches. The future of welfare assessment within zoos and aquariums will include population-level evaluations-tracking emerging trends in health and behavior that come from both formal and informal institutional animal reports. Sharing this information, and performing meta-analyses of the data using epidemiological approaches, will become easier with advances in technology and database management software. Identifying welfare "red/green flags" throughout captive populations will provide direction for more focused assessments that will ultimately inform the design of more effective animal care programs. PMID:19593774

Barber, Joseph C E

2009-11-01

225

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) - Its role in the USAF Scientific and Technical Information Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), the central repository for DOD scientific and technical information concerning studies and research and engineering efforts, is discussed. The present makeup of DTIC is described and its functions in producing technical reports and technical report bibliographies are examined. DTIC's outreach services are reviewed, as are its DTIC information and technology transfer programs. DTIC's plans for the year 2000 and its relation to the mission of the U.S. Air Force, including the Air Force's STINFO program, are addressed.

Kuhn, Allan D.

1991-01-01

226

Welfare reform: advocacy and intervention in the health care setting.  

PubMed Central

Welfare reform has drastically altered the lives of poor families in the US. In its wake, many former recipients are not receiving whatever transitional benefits and other safeguards to which they remain entitled under federal and state laws. Families are losing access to Medicaid and are not receiving the child care assistance or Food Stamps for which they continue to be eligible. Ill-served by stringent time limits and work requirements, lack of child care assistance, and lack of training and educational opportunities for the development of skills that will lead to better jobs, families need help to navigate the complexities of the new welfare system. Boston Medical Center's Department of Pediatrics has instituted a welfare screening project to educate families about their rights under welfare reform and assist them in advocating for themselves and their children. PMID:10670622

Lawton, E; Leiter, K; Todd, J; Smith, L

1999-01-01

227

Helping Informal Caregivers with Responsive Communication in the Adult Day Care Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informal caregivers of older users of adult day care centers are important clients for promoting the quality of services related to them. From the perspective of quality management, responsive communication and training provided to informal caregivers would enhance the caregivers' knowledge about the services of the center and thereby their perception about the helpfulness of the center. These effects are

Chau-Kiu Cheung; Raymond Man-Hung Ngan

2007-01-01

228

Beneficial Use Information Center (BUIC): Foundry By-products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The database on beneficial reuse of foundry by-products may be downloaded as a Microsoft Access (.mdb) file through the Beneficial Use Information Center of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The database was designed "to identify (1) materials and applications where methods and specifications exist such that beneficial reuse can begin or be expanded immediately and (2) areas in need of further research." Data were assembled by the University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers from 98 projects in fourteen states and two locations in Canada. Applications described in the database are Structural/Base/Sub-base Fill, Flowable Fill, Concrete and Related Products, Asphalt, Soil Amendments, Portland Cement, Landfill Liners and Covers, and Other Applications such as pipe bedding, clay bricks, and landfill drainage layers.

229

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center - A for atmospheric trace gases. Fiscal year 1996, annual report  

SciTech Connect

Fiscal year 1996 was especially productive for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This report describes publications and statistical data from the CDIAC.

Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Jones, S.B. [and others

1997-02-01

230

CAISE: A NSF Resource Center for Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal science education (ISE) is playing an increasingly important role in how and where the public engages with science. A growing body of research is showing that people learn the majority of their science knowledge outside of school (Falk & Dierking, 2010). The ISE field includes a wide variety of sources, including the internet, TV programs, magazines, hobby clubs and museums. These experiences touch large numbers of people throughout their lifetimes. If you would like to share your research with the public, ISE can be an effective conduit for meaningful science communication. However, because the ISE field is so diverse, it can be overwhelming with its multiple entry points. If you already are part of an ISE initiative, knowing how to access the most useful resources easily can also be daunting. CAISE, the Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education, is a resource center for the ISE field funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). CAISE can help connect you to the knowledge and people of ISE, through its website, products and in-person convenings. The proposed CAISE presentation will outline the diversity of the field and concisely present data that will make the case for the impact of ISE. We will focus on examples of successful programs that connect science with the public and that bring together AAS's science research community with practitioners and researchers within ISE. Pathways to various ISE resources in the form of current CAISE initiatives will be described as well. The presentation will include an interview section in which a CAISE staff member will ask questions of a scientist involved in an ISE initiative in order to detail one example of how ISE can be a valuable tool for engaging the public in science. Time for audience Q&A also will be included in the session.

Dickow, Benjamin

2012-01-01

231

14 CFR 1206.402 - Documents available for inspection at NASA Information Centers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Center at which the Information Center is located, and a copy of such issuances; (5) NASA's Scientific and Technical AeroSpace Reports and current indexes thereto; (6) Cumulative Index to Selected Speeches and News Releases issued by NASA...

2010-01-01

232

75 FR 10225 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Language Resource Centers Program; Notice Inviting...Description Purpose of Program: The Language Resource Centers (LRC) program provides...capacity for teaching and learning foreign languages. Priorities: This notice contains...

2010-03-05

233

Gene: a gene-centered information resource at NCBI.  

PubMed

The National Center for Biotechnology Information's (NCBI) Gene database (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene) integrates gene-specific information from multiple data sources. NCBI Reference Sequence (RefSeq) genomes for viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes are the primary foundation for Gene records in that they form the critical association between sequence and a tracked gene upon which additional functional and descriptive content is anchored. Additional content is integrated based on the genomic location and RefSeq transcript and protein sequence data. The content of a Gene record represents the integration of curation and automated processing from RefSeq, collaborating model organism databases, consortia such as Gene Ontology, and other databases within NCBI. Records in Gene are assigned unique, tracked integers as identifiers. The content (citations, nomenclature, genomic location, gene products and their attributes, phenotypes, sequences, interactions, variation details, maps, expression, homologs, protein domains and external databases) is available via interactive browsing through NCBI's Entrez system, via NCBI's Entrez programming utilities (E-Utilities and Entrez Direct) and for bulk transfer by FTP. PMID:25355515

Brown, Garth R; Hem, Vichet; Katz, Kenneth S; Ovetsky, Michael; Wallin, Craig; Ermolaeva, Olga; Tolstoy, Igor; Tatusova, Tatiana; Pruitt, Kim D; Maglott, Donna R; Murphy, Terence D

2015-01-28

234

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides a large suite of online resources for biological information and data, including the GenBank(®) nucleic acid sequence database and the PubMed database of citations and abstracts for published life science journals. Additional NCBI resources focus on literature (Bookshelf, PubMed Central (PMC) and PubReader); medical genetics (ClinVar, dbMHC, the Genetic Testing Registry, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database and MedGen); genes and genomics (BioProject, BioSample, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Gene, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Genome, HomoloGene, the Map Viewer, Nucleotide, PopSet, Probe, RefSeq, Sequence Read Archive, the Taxonomy Browser, Trace Archive and UniGene); and proteins and chemicals (Biosystems, COBALT, the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), Protein Clusters, Protein and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases). The Entrez system provides search and retrieval operations for many of these databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:25398906

2015-01-28

235

House Prices and Consumer Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a new approach to measuring changes in consumer welfare due to changes in the price of owner-occupied housing. In our approach, an agent's welfare adjustment is defined as the transfer required to keep expected discounted utility constant given a change in current home prices. We demonstrate that, up to a first-order approximation, there is no aggregate change in

Patrick Bajari; C. Lanier Benkard; John Krainer

2003-01-01

236

Indian Child Welfare in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based upon a 1985-86 survey conducted by the Dull Knife Memorial College Indian Child Welfare Project. A series of workshops were conducted throughout Montana to acquaint providers of services for abused and neglected Indian children with the requirements of and issues associated with the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.…

Dull Knife Memorial Coll., Lame Deer, MT.

237

The welfare of dairy buffalo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper addresses the issue of buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behav - ioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animal- related indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm level, are described. The attention was focused on the following indicators: excessive thinning or fattening

Giuseppe De Rosa; Fernando Grasso; Corrado Pacelli; Fabio Napolitano; Christoph Winckler

2009-01-01

238

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural…

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

239

Economic Conditions and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 10 papers on three key questions regarding the effects of the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program: why welfare caseloads are falling; how welfare recipients are faring; and how the states are responding to changing…

Danziger, Sheldon H., Ed.

240

Nash equilibrium and welfare optimality  

Microsoft Academic Search

If is a set of social alternatives, a social choice rule (SCR) assigns a subset of A to each potential profile of individuals' preferences over A, where the subset is interpreted as the set of 'welfare optima.' A game form (or 'mechanism') implements the social choice rule if, for any potential profile of preferences, (1) any welfare optimum can arise

Eric Maskin

1999-01-01

241

Help Neighborhood Center Program, School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluated the impact of the Help-Neighborhood Center Program which was designed to inform parents of fifth through eighth grade students about health problems and community concerns. Four thousand elementary and junior high school students and 100 parents participated in workshops on venereal disease, drug abuse, welfare rights, mental…

Siperstein, Gary N.

242

75 FR 37776 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information Centers of Excellence for Veteran Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information Centers of Excellence...program is to encourage institutions of higher education (IHEs) to develop model programs to...

2010-06-30

243

Maximising canine welfare in veterinary practice and research: a review.  

PubMed

This article looks at the existing evidence-base by which veterinary surgeons can make welfare-focused treatment choices. Narrative and structured reviews were conducted. Papers were categorised under headings based on (1) themes in the UK Animal Welfare Act (AWA 2006) - behaviour, environment, nutrition, company and health; (2) iatrogenic harm induced by treatment; (3) decision-making methods, and (4) the subjects' context (e.g. home versus laboratory). There is more information available about 'overt' problems (e.g. acute disease), than 'covert' issues (e.g. chronic pain, lack of company and obesity). Forty of 109 papers covered pain, suffering, injury and disease, compared to 69 across four other themes in the AWA. Twelve papers were identified as focusing on welfare assessment and clinical decision-making. Veterinary surgeons should consider each of the five welfare themes described in the AWA in both veterinary practice and in determining veterinary research priorities. PMID:22196830

Yeates, James W

2012-06-01

244

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:23193264

2013-01-01

245

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22140104

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2012-01-01

246

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18940862

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2009-01-01

247

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, PubReader, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Primer-BLAST, COBALT, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, ClinVar, MedGen, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:24259429

2014-01-01

248

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, PubReader, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Primer-BLAST, COBALT, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, ClinVar, MedGen, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:24259429

Acland, Abigail; Agarwala, Richa; Barrett, Tanya; Beck, Jeff; Benson, Dennis A.; Bollin, Colleen; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Church, Deanna M.; Clark, Karen; DiCuccio, Michael; Dondoshansky, Ilya; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Gorelenkov, Viatcheslav; Hoeppner, Marilu; Johnson, Mark; Kelly, Christopher; Khotomlianski, Viatcheslav; Kimchi, Avi; Kimelman, Michael; Kitts, Paul; Krasnov, Sergey; Kuznetsov, Anatoliy; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Murphy, Terence; Ostell, James; O'Sullivan, Christopher; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Don Preussm Kim D.; Rubinstein, Wendy; Sayers, Eric W.; Schneider, Valerie; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Siyan, Karanjit; Slotta, Douglas; Soboleva, Alexandra; Soussov, Vladimir; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Trawick, Bart W.; Vakatov, Denis; Wang, Yanli; Ward, Minghong; John Wilbur, W.; Yaschenko, Eugene; Zbicz, Kerry

2014-01-01

249

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:21097890

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-01-01

250

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22140104

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2012-01-01

251

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:21097890

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-01-01

252

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:19910364

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-01-01

253

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:19910364

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W.; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-01-01

254

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases, Fiscal Year 2002 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which includes the World Data Center (WDC) for Atmospheric Trace Gases, is the primary global change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an archive of data sets and publications, CDIAC has, since its inception in 1982, enhanced the value of its holdings through intensive quality assurance, documentation, and integration. Whereas many traditional data centers are discipline-based (for example, meteorology or oceanography), CDIAC's scope includes potentially anything and everything that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect and global climate change, including atmospheric concentrations and atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other radiatively active gases; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases; long-term climate trends; the effects of elevated CO{sub 2} on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea levels.

Cushman, R.M.

2003-08-28

255

75 FR 49526 - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Technical Information Center, Tempe, AZ; Freescale Semiconductor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...TA-W-71,855A] Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Technical Information Center, Tempe, AZ; Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Technical Information...applicable to workers of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Technical...

2010-08-13

256

This Is Challenger Center...Changing the Way Teachers Teach and Students Learn. [Information Packet].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Challenger Center for Space Science Education is a not-for-profit educational organization founded in 1986 following the Challenger 51-L space shuttle tragedy. This packet contains a variety of separate sheets and brochures providing information about the activities of the Challenger Center. Challenger Learning Centers provide hands-on,…

Challenger Center for Space Science Education, Alexandria, VA.

257

Baselining the New GSFC Information Systems Center: The Foundation for Verifiable Software Process Improvement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a study performed at the Information System Center (ISC) in NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. The ISC was set up in 1998 as a core competence center in information technology. The study aims at characterizing people, processes and products of the new center, to provide a basis for proposing improvement actions and comparing the center before and after these actions have been performed. The paper presents the ISC, goals and methods of the study, results and suggestions for improvement, through the branch-level portion of this baselining effort.

Parra, A.; Schultz, D.; Boger, J.; Condon, S.; Webby, R.; Morisio, M.; Yakimovich, D.; Carver, J.; Stark, M.; Basili, V.; Kraft, S.

1999-01-01

258

Information management for global environmental change, including the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  

SciTech Connect

The issue of global change is international in scope. A body of international organizations oversees the worldwide coordination of research and policy initiatives. In the US the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) was established in November of 1993 to provide coordination of science, space, and technology policies throughout the federal government. NSTC is organized into nine proposed committees. The Committee on Environmental and Natural Resources (CERN) oversees the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). As part of the USGCRP, the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program aims to improve the understanding of Earth systems and to strengthen the scientific basis for the evaluation of policy and government action in response to potential global environmental changes. This paper examines the information and data management roles of several international and national programs, including Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s (ORNL`s) global change information programs. An emphasis will be placed on the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which also serves as the World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases.

Stoss, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

1994-06-01

259

Good animal welfare makes economic sense: potential of pig abattoir meat inspection as a welfare surveillance tool  

PubMed Central

During abattoir meat inspection pig carcasses are partially or fully condemned upon detection of disease that poses a risk to public health or welfare conditions that cause animal suffering e.g. fractures. This incurs direct financial losses to producers and processors. Other health and welfare-related conditions may not result in condemnation but can necessitate ‘trimming’ of the carcass e.g. bruising, and result in financial losses to the processor. Since animal health is a component of animal welfare these represent a clear link between suboptimal pig welfare and financial losses to the pig industry. Meat inspection data can be used to inform herd health programmes, thereby reducing the risk of injury and disease and improving production efficiency. Furthermore, meat inspection has the potential to contribute to surveillance of animal welfare. Such data could contribute to reduced losses to producers and processors through lower rates of carcass condemnations, trimming and downgrading in conjunction with higher pig welfare standards on farm. Currently meat inspection data are under-utilised in the EU, even as a means of informing herd health programmes. This includes the island of Ireland but particularly the Republic. This review describes the current situation with regard to meat inspection regulation, method, data capture and utilisation across the EU, with special reference to the island of Ireland. It also describes the financial losses arising from poor animal welfare (and health) on farms. This review seeks to contribute to efforts to evaluate the role of meat inspection as a surveillance tool for animal welfare on-farm, using pigs as a case example. PMID:22738170

2012-01-01

260

WHY SHOULD I KNOW ABOUT ANIMAL WELFARE AUDITS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Market driven demands for verification that animals used to produce food receive humane care, have resulted in welfare audits becoming a reality for beef and chicken products sold to fast food chains. Dairy is targeted for similar audits and the Dairy Quality Assurance Center was approved by the re...

261

The Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) is a data  

E-print Network

The Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) is a data and research. Updated February 2014 The Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) is located.info@ciesin.columbia.edu The Earth Institute, Columbia University, mobilizes the sciences, education and public policy to achieve

Columbia University

262

Information and Library Programs at the Technology Application Center (TAC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technology Application Center (TAC) at the University of New Mexico is one of six National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) regional dissemination centers originally established to disseminate NASA technology to private industry on a regional basis. A fee is charged for TAC's services so it has been market oriented and has sought to…

Burch, Eugene

263

Center for Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight: Consumer Assistance Program  

MedlinePLUS

... Center FAQs - Opens in a new window Archive - Opens in a new window Share Help Print Learn about your healthcare options Search CMS.gov Main Menu Medicare Medicaid/CHIP Medicare-Medicaid Coordination Private Insurance Innovation Center Regulations & Guidance Research, Statistics, Data & Systems Outreach & ...

264

Video-Based Information Systems in Academic Library Media Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

JUST A LITTLE MORE than ten years ago a revolution in video-based technologies began. About that time most academic library media cen- ters consisted primarily of sound recordings for language instruction, poetry readings, and dramatic performances. If the center served a curriculum resource function it frequently contained filmstrips, slides, kits, and other materials for teacher education programs. Some centers also

GEORGE L. ABBOTT

265

The Future of Poultry Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In contemplating the future of poultry welfare, one must be aware of the current situation in the context of how this issue\\u000a has evolved. From this perspective, one may project forward to identify opportunities for continued advancements and barriers\\u000a that must be negotiated. In this chapter, we will explore the development of poultry welfare as a topic of public concern

Suzanne T. Millman; Joy A. Mench; Anne E. Malleau

266

User-centered Social Information Retrieval Model Exploiting Annotations and Social  

E-print Network

User-centered Social Information Retrieval Model Exploiting Annotations and Social Relationships.Bouhini,Mathias.Gery,Christine.Largeron}@univ-st-etienne.fr Abstract. Social Information Retrieval (SIR) has extended the classical information retrieval models retrieval, since different users may express different information needs as the same query. Hence, we

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Screening for Domestic Violence in Public Welfare Offices  

PubMed Central

Despite a high prevalence of domestic violence among welfare clients, most studies of the implementation of the Family Violence Option (FVO) under welfare reform find that women rarely receive domestic violence services in welfare offices. This study reviews findings from current research on the factors that improve the likelihood that women will reveal their domestic violence experiences to service personnel, and uses the guidelines drawn from this review to evaluate domestic violence screening practices in welfare offices using 782 transcribed interviews between welfare workers and clients from 11 sites in four states. The analysis found that only 9.3% of case encounters involved screening for domestic violence. Screening rates differed by state, interview type, and length of worker employment. Qualitative analysis of the interviews showed that the majority of screening by workers was routinized or consisted of informing clients of the domestic violence policy without asking about abuse. Only 1.2% of the interviews incorporated at least two of the procedures that increase the likelihood of disclosure among domestic violence survivors, suggesting deeply inadequate approaches to screening for abuse within the context of welfare offices, and a need for improved training, protocol, and monitoring of FVO implementation. PMID:18096857

Lindhorst, Taryn; Meyers, Marcia; Casey, Erin

2008-01-01

268

NATIONAL CARTOGRAPHIC INFORMATION CENTER: AN INFORMATION RESOURCE ON MAPPING PRODUCTS FOR THE NATION.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Since its inception in 1974 the National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC), US Geological Survey, has rapidly developed to become a focal point for providing information on the availability of cartographic data, including maps/charts, aerial photographs, satellite imagery, geodetic control, digital mapping data, map materials and related cartographic products. In early years NCIC concentrated its efforts on encoding and entering several major National Mapping Division record collections into its systems. NCIC is now stressing the acquisition of data from sources outside the National Mapping Division, including 37 Federal agencies and more than a thousand State and private institutions. A critical review has recently been conducted by NCIC of its systems with the aim of improving its efficiency and levels of operation. Several activities which resulted include improving its existing networks, refinement of digital data distribution, study of new storage media and related projects.

Stevens, Alan R.

1985-01-01

269

Positive animal welfare states and reference standards for welfare assessment.  

PubMed

Abstract Developments in affective neuroscience and behavioural science during the last 10-15 years have together made it increasingly apparent that sentient animals are potentially much more sensitive to their environmental and social circumstances than was previously thought to be the case. It therefore seems likely that both the range and magnitude of welfare trade-offs that occur when animals are managed for human purposes have been underestimated even when minimalistic but arguably well-intentioned attempts have been made to maintain high levels of welfare. In light of these neuroscience-supported behaviour-based insights, the present review considers the extent to which the use of currently available reference standards might draw attention to these previously neglected areas of concern. It is concluded that the natural living orientation cannot provide an all-embracing or definitive welfare benchmark because of its primary focus on behavioural freedom. However assessments of this type, supported by neuroscience insights into behavioural motivation, may now carry greater weight when used to identify management practices that should be avoided, discontinued or substantially modified. Using currently accepted baseline standards as welfare reference points may result in small changes being accorded greater significance than would be the case if they were compared with higher standards, and this could slow the progress towards better levels of welfare. On the other hand, using "what animals want" as a reference standard has the appeal of focusing on the specific resources or conditions the animals would choose themselves and can potentially improve their welfare more quickly than the approach of making small increments above baseline standards. It is concluded that the cautious use of these approaches in different combinations could lead to recommendations that would more effectively promote positive welfare states in hitherto neglected areas of concern. PMID:24875152

Mellor, Dj

2015-01-01

270

The Personal Information Menu The Personal Information menu of the Student Center is your access point for phone numbers,  

E-print Network

point for phone numbers, addresses, and emergency contact information. Personal Information MenuStudent Center Here you can view and edit information such as addresses, email, phone numbers, emergency contacts honors and awards. #12;Contact Us Student Financial Services email - faid@virginia.edu phone - 434

Acton, Scott

271

Development of Cost Benefit Methodology for Scientific and Technical Information Communication and Application to Information Analysis Centers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a research effort intended to improve the economic information available for formulating politics and making decisions related to Information Analysis Centers (IAC's) and IAC services. The project used a system of IAC information activities to analyze the functional aspects of IAC services, calculate the present value of net…

Mason, Robert M.; And Others

272

Saving IT's Soul: Human-Centered Information Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that, unless information technology managers pay attention to how people share information, advanced technological systems cannot achieve their full potential. Outlines how organizations can rebuild their information cultures, integrating human flexibility and disorder into information systems and changing employee behavior. (JOW)

Davenport, Thomas H.

1994-01-01

273

For Further Information Contact Business Career Coaching Center  

E-print Network

of New Orleans LSU Heath Science Center Clear Channel Merrill Lynch Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Met Driftwood Gulf Coast Bank W Hotel New Orleans Harrah's Casino Walt Disney World Hilton New Orleans Weddings

Kulp, Mark

274

Environmental Geographic Information Systems (EGIS) at Stennis Space Center (SSC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation includes: 1) Background of SSC Environmental GIS (EGIS); 2) Principal Center Activities; 3) SSC's GIS Applications: a) Environmental Emergency Response Tool, b) CERCLA, c) Facilities Master Planning, d) Natural Resource Management and Site Assessment.

Carr, Hugh; Smoot, James; Parikh, Joy

2004-01-01

275

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Related Programs - Cancer Information Service  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute�s (NCI) Cancer Information Service (CIS) educates the public about cancer prevention, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and research . CIS information specialists provide the latest, most accurate information about cancer by telephone, TTY, instant messaging, and e-mail and operates the NCI�s Smoking Quitline. Through its Partnership Program, the CIS works with established national, regional, and state organizations to reach those most in need of cancer information.

276

Invertebrate welfare: an overlooked issue.  

PubMed

While invertebrates make up the majority of animal species, their welfare is overlooked compared to the concern shown to vertebrates. This fact is highlighted by the near absence of regulations in animal research, with the exception of cephalopods in the European Union. This is often justified by assumptions that invertebrates do not experience pain and stress while lacking the capacity for higher order cognitive functions. Recent research suggests that invertebrates may be just as capable as vertebrates in experiencing pain and stress, and some species display comparable cognitive capacities. Another obstacle is the negative view of invertebrates by the public, which often regards them as pests with no individual personalities, gastronomic entities, or individuals for scientific experimentation without rules. Increasingly, studies have revealed that invertebrates possess individual profiles comparable to the personalities found in vertebrates. Given the large economic impact of invertebrates, developing certain attitude changes in invertebrate welfare may be beneficial for producers while providing higher welfare conditions for the animals. While the immense number and type of species makes it difficult to suggest that all invertebrates will benefit from increased welfare, in this review we provide evidence that the topic of invertebrate welfare should be revisited, more thoroughly investigated, and in cases where appropriate, formally instituted. PMID:23535125

Horvath, Kelsey; Angeletti, Dario; Nascetti, Giuseppe; Carere, Claudio

2013-01-01

277

Eighteenth International Conference on Social Welfare, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1976. Swedish National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report discusses achievements in Sweden's economic and social reforms which have led to an increase in equality. Intended as Sweden's contribution to the exchange of information regarding social welfare action in developed and developing nations, the report is presented in eight chapters. Chapter I enumerates Sweden's policies of welfare,…

1976

278

Finding the Return on Investment: A Framework for Monitoring Local Child Welfare Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From year to year, child welfare directors allocate resources in the hope that their efforts will improve children's outcomes. Recently, with the help of the federal government, states have invested significant resources in the sort of information technology needed to run a smarter, more accountable child welfare system. In addition, science has…

Wulczyn, Fred H.; Orlebeke, Britany; Haight, Jennifer

2009-01-01

279

Moving from Pathology to Possibility: Integrating Strengths-Based Interventions in Child Welfare Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child welfare providers are increasingly required to demonstrate that strengths-based, evidence-informed practices are central to their intervention methodology. This case study describes how a large child welfare agency instituted cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as the core component of a strength-based practice model with the goal of…

Sabalauskas, Kara L.; Ortolani, Charles L.; McCall, Matthew J.

2014-01-01

280

Establishing Community Learning and Information Centers (CLICs) in Underserved Malian Communities. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Community Learning and Information Center (CLIC) project was "to accelerate economic, social and political growth by providing residents in twelve underserved Malian communities with access to easily accessible development information and affordable access to information and communication technology (ICT), high-value training…

Academy for Educational Development, 2005

2005-01-01

281

22 December 2005 NASA Center for Aerospace Information (CASI)  

E-print Network

and that there are no reportable inventions/disclosures. Very truly yours, Michael G. Griffith Proposal & Awards Specialist cm Dr. David W. Latham December 2005 Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory is a member of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center

282

Northeast Regional Research Center: Information Technology for Enhanced Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Advanced Research and Development Activity (ARDA) 1 established the Northeast Regional Research Center (NRRC) to engage the best regional talent to create solutions to some of the most vexing challenges facing analysts today. Central to this new research model is a series of challenge workshops addressed by collaborative teams across industry, academia, and government. Workshops have made novel contributions

Mark T. Maybury

283

Catalog. Food and Nutrition Information and Educational Materials Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog contains 2,366 annotated citations that include books, pamphlets, journal articles, and audiovisual aids of interest to the school food service and nutrition education community. These materials were required by the Center from 1971 through 1973 and are available on loan to persons working in these fields, with journal articles to be…

National Agricultural Library (USDA), Washington, DC.

284

The National Science Foundation National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation will soon establish a National Center devoted to geographical research and education based on geographical information systems (GIS). The Center will be located at a university chosen on the basis of competitive proposals that will be evaluated primarily on the quality of their research agendas. The winning institution will be expected to involve government agencies and

RONALD F. ABLER

1987-01-01

285

Evaluation of the Campus Information Center and Associated Services. Volume XXIV, Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a review of its Information Center, Facilities Rental and Reservation Center, and Computerized Area List and Labels System (CALLS), William Rainey Harper College (WRHC), in Illinois, conducted a survey of staff and students to determine their perceptions of the quality of these services. Surveys were distributed to a sample of 300…

Lucas, John A.; Didier, Karen

286

Contact the Center: cisbr@jhu.edu | 443-287-4581 Information on Oxytocin Assay  

E-print Network

Contact the Center: cisbr@jhu.edu | 443-287-4581 Information on Oxytocin Assay The Center for Interdisciplinary Salivary Bioscience (CISBR) measures circulating oxytocin levels in saliva by ELISA (Enzo Life amount of oxytocin) go through all steps in parallel with samples. Standards and unknown samples

Niebur, Ernst

287

For operation of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the month of June, the Survey Research Center (SRC) at the University of Georgia designed new benefits questionnaires for computer software management and information center (COSMIC). As a test of their utility, these questionnaires are now used in the benefits identification process.

Carmon, J. L.

1983-01-01

288

Workfare With Welfare: Recent Reforms of the Danish Welfare State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Denmark has recently seen a significant drop in unemployment that has not been matched by any corresponding increase in inflation. This article assumes that this remarkable achievement is rooted in the ongoing transition from the Keynesian welfare state (KWS) to a Schumpeterian workfare regime (SWR). The article compares the main features of the KWS with those of the SWR. It

Jacob Torfing

1999-01-01

289

Information Tables Hosted by the Frist Campus Center and Other Campus and  

E-print Network

Information Tables Hosted by the Frist Campus Center and Other Campus and Community Offices: Frist For the entire University Community Wednesday, September 14, 2011 · Noon­3 pm, Frist 100 Level www Concerts Area banking service providers #12;

290

Course Syllabus Title : Information Technologies for School Library Media Centers/EDLI 277  

E-print Network

Course Syllabus Title : Information Technologies for School Library Media Centers/EDLI 277 Credits Interactive Television Sites, Blackboard Online Course Description: Overview of the technology capacity used in school libraries, including hardware, software, and connectivity. Strategies for technology planning

Bermingham, Laura Hill

291

National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing. Program summary report, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The National Center for Advanced Information Components Manufacturing focused on manufacturing research and development for flat panel displays, advanced lithography, microelectronics, and optoelectronics. This report provides an overview of the program, summaries of the technical projects, and key program accomplishments.

NONE

1996-10-01

292

Information Retrieval Center of the Northern Colorado Educational Board of Cooperative Services. Final Report, FY 1970-71.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Information Retrieval Center of the Northern Colorado Educational Board of Cooperative Services (NCEBOCS) offers computer-and manually-produced information products to educators within a regional network. The Center searches the automated Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) data base to provide three products: Catalog of…

Northern Colorado Educational Board of Cooperative Services, Boulder. Information Retrieval Center.

293

Health and welfare in animals and humans.  

PubMed

This paper contains a brief comparative analysis of some philosophical and scientific discourses on human and animal health and welfare, focusing mainly on the welfare of sentient animals. The paper sets forth two kinds of proposals for the analysis of animal welfare which do not appear in the contemporary philosophical discussion of human welfare, viz. the coping theory of welfare and the theory of welfare in terms of natural behaviour. These proposals are scrutinized in the light of some similar theories dealing with human health and quality of life. My conclusion is that the coping theory and the natural behaviour theory are not in themselves adequate for the characterization of welfare, either for humans or for sentient animals. I contend, finally, that, in the light of the previous discussion, there are good arguments for a particular set of analyses of both animal and human welfare, viz. the ones that are based on the notions of preference satisfaction and positive subjective experiences. PMID:21298322

Nordenfelt, Lennart

2011-06-01

294

Information Center NIH Publication No. 05-5212  

E-print Network

trains investigators and distributes genome information to the public and health professionals. For more? A rare disease (also called an orphan disease) is a disease or condition affecting fewer than 200

Bandettini, Peter A.

295

Comparing Drug Use between Welfare-Receiving Arrestees and Non-Welfare-Receiving Arrestees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares drug-positive rates between welfare-receiving arrestees, non-welfare receiving arrestees living below the poverty level, and non-welfare arrestees living above the poverty level. Welfare-receiving arrestees were more likely to be female, older, less educated, and to test positive for opiates and benzodiazepines than the other subgroups.…

Yacoubian, George S., Jr.; Peters, Ronald J., Jr.; Urbach, Blake J.; Johnson, Regina J.

2002-01-01

296

The Animal Welfare Act: From Enactment to Enforcement  

PubMed Central

Originally enacted in 1966, the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act has been amended several times and renamed the Animal Welfare Act. Responsibility for administering the Animal Welfare Act was delegated within the United States Department of Agriculture to the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, and regulations and standards have been developed to implement the intent of Congress conveyed in the language of the Act. In our opinion, the key to compliance with the Animal Welfare Act and its regulations and standards is to have in place a proactive, progressive Animal Care and Use Program that uses the semiannual inspection and programmatic review process to improve the day-to-day management of the program. Successfully managing the inspection process has taken on new meaning in what has recently become known as the ‘Age of Enforcement.’ As part of this approach, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service made changes to the inspection process and issued an Enhanced Animal Welfare Enforcement Plan, which included the development of an Inspection Requirements Handbook. The Inspection Requirements Handbook provides inspectors with information on conducting inspections and includes as an attachment a flow chart for Enforcement Action Guidance. The chart describes 4 types of actions that may occur as part of the enforcement process and the steps that will be followed if noncompliant items are documented during an inspection. PMID:22776186

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor

2012-01-01

297

Toward Self Sufficiency: Social Issues in the Nineties. Proceedings of the National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (33rd, Scottsdale, Arizona, August 7-11, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentations compiled in these proceedings on welfare and self-sufficiency reflect much of the current research in areas of housing, health, employment and training, welfare and reform, nutrition, child support, child care, and youth. The first section provides information on the conference and on the National Association for Welfare Research…

National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics, Olympia, WA.

298

Assessment of welfare in pigs  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the definition given by Appleby (1996), animal welfare represents the state of well-being brought about by meeting the physical, environmental, nutritional, behavioural and social needs of the animal or groups of animals under the care, supervision or influence of people. Suitable husbandry tech - niques and disease control (in which man is directly involved) may satisfy an animal's

Rosanna Scipioni; Giovanna Martelli; Luisa Antonella Volpelli

2009-01-01

299

Higher Education for Welfare Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What impact might higher education have on the economic situation and personal growth of welfare mothers? The results of a study confirm that the large majority of these mothers are able to succeed academically and that this education provided them with improved possibilities for employment and increased personal satisfaction. (Author)

Young, Barbara H.

1977-01-01

300

MEDICAL CENTRE Welfare W tch  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTRE Welfare W tch Medical Centre Health Check Patient Participation THE RESPONSE. #12;INTRODUCTION The University Medical Centre is a GP Practice on the campus of the University Medical Centre and our practice population is made up of approximately 75% 16-24 year olds. The Medical

Banaji,. Murad

301

Case Advocacy in Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides definitions of social advocacy and case advocacy for child advocates, child welfare workers, and social workers so as to clarify the concepts and the roles in the protection of children. Presents a historical account of advocacy efforts, along with an analysis of current advocacy efforts. (RJM)

Litzelfelner, Pat; Petr, Christopher G.

1997-01-01

302

Lifelong Learning and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An alternative perspective on lifelong learning locates it in culture, civil society, and leisure/consumption lifestyles. Distinctions between education and learning and markets and quasi-markets are used to explore policy models. The relationship to welfare reform policies is discussed. (Author/SK)

Griffin, Colin

1999-01-01

303

Welfare Reform and Reducing Teen Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most adolescent mothers are unmarried and on welfare. Congress enacted new welfare legislation that emphasizes reducing teen pregnancy and requiring work, but states are reluctant to meet this challenge. Discusses child poverty's new face, public policy and culture wars, welfare reform, and social norms. Concludes that reducing unwed parenthood…

Sawhill, Isabel V.

2000-01-01

304

Child Support and Welfare Caseloads. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report tests the hypothesis that strong child support collection is associated with lower welfare caseloads. It uses annual state panel data from 1980-96 to replicate previous models and incorporate the effects of child support. The primary analysis technique is fixed effects regression of welfare caseloads with welfare caseloads as the…

Huang, Chien-Chung; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

305

Welfare Rights in the Liberal Tradition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that welfare rights are not incompatible with liberalism's commitment to private property and freedom. Argues that students need to be aware of liberalism's favorable historical position on welfare. Examines the positions of John Locke, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mills on poverty, welfare, and the role of the state. (RW)

Horne, Thomas A.

1990-01-01

306

Perspectives on Women and Welfare Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to alert local and state advocates to the presence of the National Coalition on Women, Work, and Welfare Reform. It shares the Coalition's perspective on the welfare employment issue and proposes several initial strategies local advocates or policymakers might use in considering proposed or ongoing welfare employment…

National Coalition on Women, Work and Welfare Reform, Washington, DC.

307

An overview of the National Space Science data Center Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview is given of the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) Standard Information Retrieval System. A description, in general terms, the information system that contains the data files and the software system that processes and manipulates the files maintained at the Data Center. Emphasis is placed on providing users with an overview of the capabilities and uses of the NSSDC Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS). Examples given are taken from the files at the Data Center. Detailed information about NSSDC data files is documented in a set of File Users Guides, with one user's guide prepared for each file processed by SIRS. Detailed information about SIRS is presented in the SIRS Users Guide.

Shapiro, A.; Blecher, S.; Verson, E. E.; King, M. L. (editor)

1974-01-01

308

Video calls from lay bystanders to dispatch centers - risk assessment of information security  

PubMed Central

Background Video calls from mobile phones can improve communication during medical emergencies. Lay bystanders can be instructed and supervised by health professionals at Emergency Medical Communication Centers. Before implementation of video mobile calls in emergencies, issues of information security should be addressed. Methods Information security was assessed for risk, based on the information security standard ISO/IEC 27005:2008. A multi-professional team used structured brainstorming to find threats to the information security aspects confidentiality, quality, integrity, and availability. Results Twenty security threats of different risk levels were identified and analyzed. Solutions were proposed to reduce the risk level. Conclusions Given proper implementation, we found no risks to information security that would advocate against the use of video calls between lay bystanders and Emergency Medical Communication Centers. The identified threats should be used as input to formal requirements when planning and implementing video calls from mobile phones for these call centers. PMID:21958387

2011-01-01

309

Expert opinion as 'validation' of risk assessment applied to calf welfare  

PubMed Central

Background Recently, a Risk Assessment methodology was applied to animal welfare issues in a report of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) on intensively housed calves. Methods Because this is a new and potentially influential approach to derive conclusions on animal welfare issues, a so-called semantic-modelling type 'validation' study was conducted by asking expert scientists, who had been involved or quoted in the report, to give welfare scores for housing systems and for welfare hazards. Results Kendall's coefficient of concordance among experts (n = 24) was highly significant (P < 0.001), but low (0.29 and 0.18 for housing systems and hazards respectively). Overall correlations with EFSA scores were significant only for experts with a veterinary or mixed (veterinary and applied ethological) background. Significant differences in welfare scores were found between housing systems, between hazards, and between experts with different backgrounds. For example, veterinarians gave higher overall welfare scores for housing systems than ethologists did, probably reflecting a difference in their perception of animal welfare. Systems with the lowest scores were veal calves kept individually in so-called "baby boxes" (veal crates) or in small groups, and feedlots. A suckler herd on pasture was rated as the best for calf welfare. The main hazards were related to underfeeding, inadequate colostrum intake, poor stockperson education, insufficient space, inadequate roughage, iron deficiency, inadequate ventilation, poor floor conditions and no bedding. Points for improvement of the Risk Assessment applied to animal welfare include linking information, reporting uncertainty and transparency about underlying values. Conclusion The study provides novel information on expert opinion in relation to calf welfare and shows that Risk Assessment applied to animal welfare can benefit from a semantic modelling approach. PMID:18625048

Bracke, Marc BM; Edwards, Sandra A; Engel, Bas; Buist, Willem G; Algers, Bo

2008-01-01

310

The Urban Institute: Issues in Focus: Child Welfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Urban Institute has been actively involved in research on urban-themed policy issues and related matters for over four decades. One of their thematic research programs covers child welfare. On this site, visitors can learn about this program, look over recent research reports, and sign up to receive their electronic newsletter. The "About the Program" is a fine place to start, and here visitors will learn that their work includes research on the finances of child welfare programs, adoption, and kinship care. Further on down the homepage, users will find recent reports like "Who Will Adopt the Foster Care Children Left Behind?" and "Trends in U.S. Foster Care Adoption Legislation: A State by State Analysis". The site is rounded out by information on the program team and an area where visitors can sign up to receive the Child Welfare Research Program's quarterly electronic newsletter.

2008-01-01

311

Knowledge of the Animal Welfare Act and Animal Welfare Regulations Influences Attitudes toward Animal Research.  

PubMed

Recent public-opinion polls indicate that Americans have shown a decline in support for animal experimentation, and several reports suggest a relationship between people's knowledge of animal welfare regulations and their attitudes toward animal research. Therefore, this study was designed to assess respondent's knowledge of several provisions in the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and Animal Welfare Regulations (AWR), and determine whether exposure to elements of this legislation would influence an individual's attitudes toward the use of animals in research. A survey was used to assess knowledge of animal research regulations and attitudes toward animal research from a sample of individuals recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing marketplace. Results from study 1 confirmed the hypothesis that respondents had little knowledge of various federal regulations that govern animal research activities. Data from study 2 revealed that exposure to elements of the AWA and AWR influenced participants' attitudes toward the use of animals in research. These results suggest that providing information to the general public about the AWA and AWR that protect laboratory animals from abuse and neglect may help alleviate concerns about using animals in research settings. PMID:25651094

Metzger, Mitchell M

2015-01-01

312

Flight Delay Information - Air Traffic Control System Command Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This small subset of the larger Federal Aviation Administration's web site, shows delays at airports throughout the United States as well information about routing and other air traffic control related issues. The site provides users with a full map of the U.S. keyed to show delays, or to find delays for specific regions of the U.S. or users can type in a specific airport name and get data returned. There is also a large range of interesting information under the tab "products" - here users will find links to an advisories database, discover how to get aviation information sent to their cell phone or pager, and find current reroutes and restrictions.

313

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Sustainable Agriculture Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains the following categories of information related to sustainable agriculture: Bibliographies of articles and research publications, searchable sites and databases, educational resources for elementary, high school, and college instructors, and lists of people and institutions that are involved in researching or promoting sustainable agriculture.

314

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for atmospheric trace gases: FY 1993 activities  

SciTech Connect

During the course of a fiscal year, Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) distributes thousands of specialty publications-numeric data packages (NDPs), computer model packages (CMPs), technical reports, public communication publications, newsletters, article reprints, and reference books-in response to requests for information related to global environmental issues, primarily those pertaining to climate change. CDIAC`s staff also provide technical responses to specific inquiries related to carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), other trace gases, and climate. Hundreds of referrals to other researchers, policy analysts, information specialists, or organizations are also facilitated by CDIAC`s staff. This report provides an account of the activities accomplished by CDIAC (including World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases) during the period October 1, 1992, to September 30, 1993. An organizational overview of CDIAC and its staff is supplemented by a detailed description of inquiries received and CDIAC`s response to those inquiries. An analysis and description of the preparation and distribution of NDPS, CMPS, technical reports, newsletters, fact sheets, specialty publications, and reprints are provided. Comments and descriptions of CDIAC`s information management systems, professional networking, and special bilateral agreements are also presented.

Cushman, R.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Stoss, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center]|[Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment, and Resources Center

1994-01-01

315

Colorado State University's Information Science and Technology Center (ISTeC) Special ISTeC Seminar  

E-print Network

Colorado State University's Information Science and Technology Center (ISTeC) Special ISTeC Seminar in conjunction with the Electrical Engineering Department Seminar Series, and the Computer Science Department Seminar Series Dr. Gerry McCartney Vice President for Information Technology and System CIO Olga Oesterle

316

Guidelines for Reviewers and the Editor at the Nuclear Safety Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this report is to help novice reviewers accelerate their apprenticeship at the Nuclear Safety Information Center, a computerized information service sponsored by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Guidelines for reviewers are presented in Part 1; Part 2 contains guidelines for the novice editor. The goal of the reviewers and…

Whetsel, H. B.

317

State Data Centers Have Information about Rural Areas in Your State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists addresses, telephone numbers, and contact persons for each state data center plus those in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Describes available rural data and services (mostly free): informational assistance, computer tapes and printouts, maps, assistance using data, and information on new products. (NEC)

Kavaliunas, John C.

1987-01-01

318

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis A Cartographic Animation of Average  

E-print Network

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis A Cartographic Animation of Average Yearly is gratefully acknowledged. #12;ABSTRACT Animation is an important method of communicating information of cartographic research. The purpose of this project has been to develop a viable cartographic animation process

California at Santa Barbara, University of

319

Developing Subject-Related Web Sites Collaboratively: The Virtual Business Information Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a case study of the Virtual Business Information Center (VBIC), a collaborative effort since 1998 of the College of Information Studies, Robert H. Smith School of Business, and the University of Maryland Libraries. The case study traces its development, implementation, and evaluation and addresses collaboration among academic…

Abels, Eileen G.; White, Marilyn Domas; Kim, Soojung

2007-01-01

320

Cartographic Encounters at the Bureau of Indian Affairs Geographic Information System Center of Calculation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The centering processes of geographic information system (GIS) development at the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was an extension of past cartographic encounters with American Indians through the central control of geospatial technologies, uneven development of geographic information resources, and extension of technically dependent…

Palmer, Mark H.

2012-01-01

321

Research Center for Risk Engineering Information Systems and Internet Security Lab  

E-print Network

Research Center for Risk Engineering And Information Systems and Internet Security Lab Date: Monday-Milan Institute of Applied mathematics and Information Technology Bayesian Risks and Software Reliability Abstract: This seminar will outline elements of Bayesian analysis and its applications to reliability and risk

Aronov, Boris

322

| Technical Report NPS-CS-05-004 The Center for Information Systems  

E-print Network

with wireless security policy applicable to the Federal Aviation Administration. We describe general information| Technical Report NPS-CS-05-004 The Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research about wireless technology including the different wireless standards and security measures required

Irvine, Cynthia E.

323

Data Center Selected Data Sets and Data Collections Complete data set listings available through each individual data center. For more information about NASA's  

E-print Network

listings available through each individual data center. For more information about NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data centers, see: http://nasadaacs.eos.nasa.gov Land Ice Ice sheet topography, ice sheet volume change, glacier change LaRC ASDC http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov Multi

324

The Operation of a Specialized Scientific Information and Data Analysis Center With Computer Base and Associated Communications Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) is a highly sophisticated scientific information center operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Its information file, which consists of both data and bibliographic information, is computer stored and numerous programs have been developed to facilitate the…

Cottrell, William B.; And Others

325

Obtaining sensitive information from a wary population: A comparison of telephone and face-to-face surveys of welfare recipients in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies reveal the benefits of technological developments such as audio computer assisted self-interviewing (A-CASI) in interview methodology, especially for surveys of sensitive behavior and information. However, we believe that the selection of mode of administration depends not only on the technology available and the behavior of interest, but also on the specific population under study. We therefore assess survey

William Alex Pridemore; Kelly R. Damphousse; Rebecca K. Moore

2005-01-01

326

GENERALIZED NUTRIENT TAXES CAN INCREASE CONSUMER WELFARE.  

PubMed

Certain nutrients can stimulate appetite making them fattening in a way that is not fully conveyed by the calorie content on the label. For rational eaters, this information gap could be corrected by more labeling. As an alternative, this paper proposes a set of positive and negative taxes on the fattening and slimming nutrients in food rather than on the food itself. There are conditions under which this tax plus subsidy system could increase welfare by stopping unwanted weight gain while leaving the final retail price of food unchanged. A nutrient tax system could improve welfare if fattening nutrients, net of their effect on weight, are inferior goods and the fiscal cost of administering the tax is sufficiently low. More data on the price elasticity of demand for nutrients as well as data on how specific nutrients affect satiety and how total calorie intake would be necessary before one could be sure a nutrient tax would work in practice. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25241653

Bishai, David

2014-09-19

327

Behavioural indicators of welfare in farmed fish.  

PubMed

Behaviour represents a reaction to the environment as fish perceive it and is therefore a key element of fish welfare. This review summarises the main findings on how behavioural changes have been used to assess welfare in farmed fish, using both functional and feeling-based approaches. Changes in foraging behaviour, ventilatory activity, aggression, individual and group swimming behaviour, stereotypic and abnormal behaviour have been linked with acute and chronic stressors in aquaculture and can therefore be regarded as likely indicators of poor welfare. On the contrary, measurements of exploratory behaviour, feed anticipatory activity and reward-related operant behaviour are beginning to be considered as indicators of positive emotions and welfare in fish. Despite the lack of scientific agreement about the existence of sentience in fish, the possibility that they are capable of both positive and negative emotions may contribute to the development of new strategies (e.g. environmental enrichment) to promote good welfare. Numerous studies that use behavioural indicators of welfare show that behavioural changes can be interpreted as either good or poor welfare depending on the fish species. It is therefore essential to understand the species-specific biology before drawing any conclusions in relation to welfare. In addition, different individuals within the same species may exhibit divergent coping strategies towards stressors, and what is tolerated by some individuals may be detrimental to others. Therefore, the assessment of welfare in a few individuals may not represent the average welfare of a group and vice versa. This underlines the need to develop on-farm, operational behavioural welfare indicators that can be easily used to assess not only the individual welfare but also the welfare of the whole group (e.g. spatial distribution). With the ongoing development of video technology and image processing, the on-farm surveillance of behaviour may in the near future represent a low-cost, noninvasive tool to assess the welfare of farmed fish. PMID:21796377

Martins, Catarina I M; Galhardo, Leonor; Noble, Chris; Damsgård, Børge; Spedicato, Maria T; Zupa, Walter; Beauchaud, Marilyn; Kulczykowska, Ewa; Massabuau, Jean-Charles; Carter, Toby; Planellas, Sònia Rey; Kristiansen, Tore

2012-02-01

328

Producing optimized ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy color centers for quantum information applications  

SciTech Connect

Quantum information applications place stringent demands on the development of platforms that can host them. Color centers in diamond have been identified as important media for quantum information processing. Accordingly, the photoluminescence properties of nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers in diamond created by implantation and annealing are studied at cryogenic temperatures (below 10 K). We examine high pressure high temperature and chemical vapor deposition synthetic diamonds with varying nitrogen concentration and present an accurate method to estimate the concentration of the (N-V) centers created by ion implantation. The ion irradiation route produced up to 6 ppm of optically active (N-V) centers, while nitrogen implantation yielded up to 3 ppm of optically active (N-V) with 8% conversion efficiency. However, a broadening of the (N-V){sup -} zero phonon line was observed in all samples.

Aharonovich, Igor; Fairchild, Barbara A.; Orwa, Julius; Ganesan, Kumaravelu; Greentree, Andrew D.; Prawer, Steven [School of Physics, University Of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010 (Australia); Santori, Charles; Fu, Kai-Mei C.; Beausoleil, Raymond G. [Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)

2009-12-15

329

Climate Data from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

DOE Data Explorer

CDIAC products are indexed and searchable through a customized interface powered by ORNL's Mercury search engine. Products include numeric data packages, publications, trend data, atlases, models, etc. and can be searched for by subject area, keywords, authors, product numbers, time periods, collection sites, spatial references, etc. Some of the collections may also be included in the CDIAC publication Trends Online: A Compendium of Global Change Data. Most data sets, many with numerous data files, are free to download from CDIAC's ftp area. CDIAC lists the following collections under the broad heading of climate information: Global Temperature, Precipitation, Sea Level Pressure, and Station Pressure Data, United States Temperature, Precipitation, and Snow Data, USSR and People's Republic of China Climate Data, Cloud and Sunshine Data, and Other Climatic Data.

330

Providing Seismotectonic Information to the Public Through Continuously Updated National Earthquake Information Center Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main missions of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) is the dissemination of information to national and international agencies, scientists, and the general public through various products such as ShakeMap and earthquake summary posters. During the summer of 2012, undergraduate and graduate student interns helped to update and improve our series of regional seismicity posters and regional tectonic summaries. The "Seismicity of the Earth (1900-2007)" poster placed over a century's worth of global seismicity data in the context of plate tectonics, highlighting regions that have experienced great (M+8.0) earthquakes, and the tectonic settings of those events. This endeavor became the basis for a series of more regionalized seismotectonic posters that focus on major subduction zones and their associated seismicity, including the Aleutian and Caribbean arcs. The first round of these posters were inclusive of events through 2007, and were made with the intent of being continually updated. Each poster includes a regional tectonic summary, a seismic hazard map, focal depth cross-sections, and a main map that illustrates the following: the main subduction zone and other physiographic features, seismicity, and rupture zones of historic great earthquakes. Many of the existing regional seismotectonic posters have been updated and new posters highlighting regions of current seismological interest have been created, including the Sumatra and Java arcs, the Middle East region and the Himalayas (all of which are currently in review). These new editions include updated lists of earthquakes, expanded tectonic summaries, updated relative plate motion vectors, and major crustal faults. These posters thus improve upon previous editions that included only brief tectonic discussions of the most prominent features and historic earthquakes, and which did not systematically represent non-plate boundary faults. Regional tectonic summaries provide the public with immediate background information useful for teaching and media related purposes and are an essential component to many NEIC products. As part of the NEIC's earthquake response, rapid earthquake summary posters are created in the hours following a significant global earthquake. These regional tectonic summaries are included in each earthquake summary poster along with a discussion of the event, written by research scientists at the NEIC, often with help from regional experts. Now, through the efforts of this and related studies, event webpages will automatically contain a regional tectonic summary immediately after an event has been posted. These new summaries include information about plate boundary interactions and other associated tectonic elements, trends in seismicity and brief descriptions of significant earthquakes that have occurred in a region. The tectonic summaries for the following regions have been updated as part of this work: South America, the Caribbean, Alaska and the Aleutians, Kuril-Kamchatka, Japan and vicinity, and Central America, with newly created summaries for Sumatra and Java, the Mediterranean, Middle East, and the Himalayas. The NEIC is currently planning to integrate concise stylized maps with each tectonic summary for display on the USGS website.

Bernardino, M. J.; Hayes, G. P.; Dannemann, F.; Benz, H.

2012-12-01

331

Aged care in Indonesia: information needs of health care professionals in community health centers.  

PubMed

This study assessed the usefulness and relevance of the information, which had been provided by the Ministry of Health for use in community health centers. Furthermore, this identified the needs of health professionals in terms of relevant information for providing health care to the elderly in the community health centers. A total of 105 questionnaires were administered to 35 doctors and 70 health care workers. The overall response rate of the 105 questionnaires sent out was 80%. Findings revealed that the overall opinion expressed by the health professionals was that the information leaflets, in general, were good. However, some gaps existed between the information provided by the Ministry of Health and the information needs perceived by health professionals working in community health centers for providing health care to the elderly. The majority commented that pertinent information on health problems related to hypertension, arthritis, and heart disease needed to be added. Furthermore, effective pre-testing of the prepared information materials with the target groups before their production and distribution may lessen such gaps or deficiencies. Recommendations to ensure appropriate information are also given and presented in this article. PMID:12322445

Sakti, G M; Boldy, D P

1998-01-01

332

Organic Food Production: Resource from the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC) is a specialized segment of the National Agricultural Library. AFSIC provides this Web site as a collection of resources and information on organically produced foods. The site provides links to numerous government agencies and other organizations aimed at supporting organic agriculture. An assortment of AFSIC publications includes tips for searching for organic agriculture information, as well as compiled lists of resources on topics like organic gardening, marketing organic foods, and nutritive content of organically produced foods. This is a beneficial resource for those pursuing detailed information on organic food production.

333

University of California -- Davis: Fruit and Nut Research and Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Fruit and Nut Research and Information Center (FNRIC) aids in the "coordination and dissemination of University of California (UC) research-based information, accomplishments, and statewide research and extension activities related to fruit and nut crops." The site contains a wide variety of information for many fruits and nuts including avocados, macadamia nuts, strawberries, and walnuts -- just to name a few. Most of the individual crop pages link to a handful of general publications as well as information about production management, production economics, meetings, related organizations, and more. The site also links to sections for UCCE Pomology Farm Advisor Newsletters and Publications, Pomology Weather Services, California Backyard Orchard services, and related links.

2007-11-15

334

The National Library of Medicine’s Disaster Information Management Research Center  

PubMed Central

The Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC) develops and provides access to health information resources and technology for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. DIMRC focuses on maintaining access to health information at all phases of disasters, developing innovative products and services for emergency personnel, conducting research to support disaster health information management, and collaborating with other agencies and communities. Several tools are available to help emergency responders in hazardous materials or chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incidents. Access to the literature is made available through PubMed and the Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, with links to online documents and resources from numerous organizations and government agencies. In addition, DIMRC supports the Disaster Information Specialist Program, a collaborative effort to explore and promote the role of librarians and information specialists in the provision of disaster-related information resources to the workforce and communities. PMID:24380078

Phillips, Steven J.

2013-01-01

335

The Nordic Path of Spain's Mediterranean Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Despite the fact that the Nordic welfare model has become less exceptional in recent times, it con- tinues to offer numerous examples for “best practices” in social policy provision, together with a high degree,of welfare political legitimacy. This paper,explores Nordic “benchmarking”,as refer- ence to the ,case of welfare ,development ,in Spain. In the general process ,of convergence ,of the

Luis Moreno

336

The Drug Information Center Arthritis Project: Providing Patients with Interactive and Reliable Arthritis Internet Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the Drug Information Center Arthritis Project was to create and assess the value of a patient-focused interactive arthritis education program. A multidisciplinary team developed three content areas: an interactive ask-a-pharmacist component with a satisfaction survey; health assessment tools (SF-8™, osteoarthritis [OA] Impact Survey™, and rheumatoid arthritis [RA] Impact Survey™); and disease and drug information. Results: There were

Nicole T. Ansani; Bethany A. Fedutes-Henderson; Robert J. Weber; Randall Smith; Jennine Dean; Molly Vogt; Kenneth Gold; C. Kent Kwoh; Thaddeus Osial; Terence W. Starz

2006-01-01

337

Politics, welfare regimes, and population health: controversies and evidence.  

PubMed

In recent years, a research area has emerged within social determinants of health that examines the role of politics, expressed as political traditions/parties and welfare state characteristics, on population health. To better understand and synthesise this growing body of evidence, the present literature review, informed by a political economy of health and welfare regimes framework, located 73 empirical and comparative studies on politics and health, meeting our inclusion criteria in three databases: PubMed (1948-), Sociological Abstracts (1953-), and ISI Web of Science (1900-). We identified two major research programmes, welfare regimes and democracy, and two emerging programmes, political tradition and globalisation. Primary findings include: (1) left and egalitarian political traditions on population health are the most salutary, consistent, and substantial; (2) the health impacts of advanced and liberal democracies are also positive and large; (3) welfare regime studies, primarily conducted among wealthy countries, find that social democratic regimes tend to fare best with absolute health outcomes yet consistently in terms of relative health inequalities; and (4) globalisation defined as dependency indicators such as trade, foreign investment, and national debt is negatively associated with population health. We end by discussing epistemological, theoretical, and methodological issues for consideration for future research. PMID:21899562

Muntaner, Carles; Borrell, Carme; Ng, Edwin; Chung, Haejoo; Espelt, Albert; Rodriguez-Sanz, Maica; Benach, Joan; O'Campo, Patricia

2011-09-01

338

Development of an intelligent laboratory information system for community health promotion center.  

PubMed

This study aimed to develop an Intelligent Laboratory Information System (ILIS) for the community health promotion center in Kwachun city to help process an increasing number of laboratory test data in an efficient manner, and to support the clinical decision-making of public health doctors. A sample of 170 cases was used for validation of the system. Overall, the system correctly predicted 92.5% of the cases. This paper also analyzed the economic feasibility of the ILIS based on the Information Economics approach. The results showed that the ILIS not only helps screen more people by increasing the capacity of a health promotion center, but also brings in more revenue to the center. PMID:11604775

Chae, Y M; Lim, H S; Lee, J H; Bae, M Y; Kim, G H; Bae, J H; Ahn, J O

2001-01-01

339

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Part of the $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex, the new information center welcomes visitors to the Gateway to the Universe. The five large video walls provide an orientation video, with an introduction to the range of activities and exhibits, and honor the center's namesake, President John F. Kennedy. Other new attractions are an information center, a walk- through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

340

An Information Building on Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy for the French CEA Cadarache Research Center - 13492  

SciTech Connect

The CEA Cadarache research center is one of the 10 research centers of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). Distributed throughout various research platforms, it focuses on nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, new energy technologies (hydrogen, solar, biomass) and fundamental research in the field of vegetal biology. It is the most important technological research and development centers for energy in Europe. Considering the sensitive nature of nuclear activities, the questions surrounding the issue of radioactive waste, the nuclear energy and the social, economic and environmental concerns for present and future generations, the French Government asked nuclear actors to open communication and to give all the information asked by the Local Information Commission (CLI) and the public [1]. In this context, the CEA Cadarache has decided to better show and explain its expertise and experience in the area of nuclear energy and nuclear power plant design, and to make it available to stakeholders and to the public. CEA Cadarache receives each year more than 9000 visitors. To complete technical visits of the research facilities and laboratories, a scientific cultural center has been built in 2011 to inform the public on CEA Cadarache research activities and to facilitate the acceptance of nuclear energy in a way suited to the level of knowledge of the visitors. A modern interactive exhibition of 150 m{sup 2} allows visitors to find out more about energy, CEA Cadarache research programs, radioactive waste management and radiological impact on the research center activities. It also offers an auditorium for group discussions and for school groups to discover science through enjoyment. This communication center has received several thousand visitors since its opening on October 2011; the initial results of this experience are now available. It's possible to explain the design of this exhibition, to give some statistics on the number of the visitors, their characteristics and their perception after their center visits. (authors)

Brunel, Guy; Denis, Dominique; Boulet, Alain [Commissariat a l'energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives - CEA-Cadarache, DEN/CEACAD/UCAP, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)] [Commissariat a l'energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives - CEA-Cadarache, DEN/CEACAD/UCAP, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)

2013-07-01

341

Four-Year Summary, Educational and Commercial Utilization of a Chemical Information Center, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major objective of the Illinois Institute of Technology Retrieval Institute (IITRI) Computer Search Center (CSC) is to educate and link industry, academia, and government institutions to chemical and other scientific information systems and sources. The CSC is in full operation providing services to users from a variety of machine-readable…

Schipma, Peter B., Ed.

342

Four-Year Summary, Educational and Commercial Utilization of a Chemical Information Center. Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major objective of the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) Computer Search Center (CSC) is to educate and link industry, academia, and government institutions to chemical and other scientific information systems and sources. The CSC is in full operation providing services to users from a variety of machine-readable data bases with minimal…

Schipma, Peter B., Ed.

343

For more information about North Carolina Solar Center programs, go to www.ncsc.ncsu.edu  

E-print Network

14.5 million cars. Incentives The Renewable Energy Production Incentive (REPI) provides financialFor more information about North Carolina Solar Center programs, go to www.ncsc.ncsu.edu Developing Landfill Gas to Energy Capacity in North Carolina Landfill gas (LFG) is created as solid waste decomposes

344

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for calendar year 1980  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a compilation of the scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center has produced during the calendar year 1980. Approximately 1400 citations are given. Formal reports, quick-release technical memorandums, contractor reports, journal articles, meeting/conference papers, computer programs, tech briefs, patents, and unpublished research are included.

1981-01-01

345

An Information-Centric Framework for Designing Patient-Centered Medical Decision Aids and Risk Communication  

E-print Network

An Information-Centric Framework for Designing Patient-Centered Medical Decision Aids and Risk decision aids have met with success. Such decision aids typically have been designed for a general population and evaluated based on whether or not users of the decision aid can accurately report the data

Shneiderman, Ben

346

Examining Health Information Technology Implementations: Case of the Patient-Centered Medical Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been shown that the use of Health Information Technology (HIT) is associated with reduced cost and increased quality of care. This dissertation examined the use of registries in Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) practices. A survey questionnaire was sent to a nationwide group of clinics certified for being a PCMH. They were asked to…

Behkami, Nima A.

2012-01-01

347

MicroUse: The Database on Microcomputer Applications in Libraries and Information Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes MicroUse, a microcomputer-based database on microcomputer applications in libraries and information centers which was developed using relational database manager dBASE II. The description includes its system configuration, software utilized, the in-house-developed dBASE programs, multifile structure, basic functions, MicroUse records,…

Chen, Ching-chih; Wang, Xiaochu

1984-01-01

348

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance: YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the home of the Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) on YouTube. The channel features a number of instructional videos on topics like wireless technologies, networks and security. The videos range from about one minute long to around fifteen minutes long.

2011-03-18

349

TITLE: HIPAA PRIVACY AND INFORMATION SECURITY TRAINING FOR COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER WORKFORCE  

E-print Network

"Compliance") and select training module TC0019 (HIPAA: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act or mental health or condition, related health care services or payment for health care servicesTITLE: HIPAA PRIVACY AND INFORMATION SECURITY TRAINING FOR COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER

Grishok, Alla

350

Nothing At The Center?: Academic Legitimacy in the Information Systems Field12  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in the information system (IS) field have recently called for the field to legitimate itself by erecting a strong theoretical core at its center. This paper examines this proposition, and concludes that it is logically invalid and does not recognize ample evidence to the contrary from the history of other disciplines. We construct a broader concept of academic legitimacy

Kalle Lyytinen; John Leslie King

2004-01-01

351

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for calendar year 1986  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a compilation of the scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center has produced during the calendar year 1986. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and Other Publications, Meeting Presentations, Techncial Talks, Computer Programs, Tech Briefs, and Patents.

1987-01-01

352

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for calendar year 1984  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center produced during the calendar year 1984 is compiled. Approximately 1650 citations are included comprising formal reports, quick-release technical memorandums, contractor reports, journal articles and other publications, meeting presentations, technical talks, computer programs, tech briefs, and patents.

1985-01-01

353

Scientific and technical information output of the Langley Research Center for Calendar Year 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compilation of the scientific and technical information that the Langley Research Center has produced during the calendar year 1985 is presented. Included are citations for Formal Reports, Quick-Release Technical Memorandums, Contractor Reports, Journal Articles and Other Publications, Meeting Presentations, Technical Talks, Computer Programs, Tech Briefs, and Patents.

1986-01-01

354

2012 Cyber Security Expo Report A National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education & Research  

E-print Network

2012 Cyber Security Expo Report A National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Annual Cyber Security Expo at its FedEx Institute of Technology (FIT) on October 19, 2012. The Expo is the capstone event of the University's Cyber Security Awareness Month program and has drawn participants from

Memphis, University of

355

Biographical Information Patricia H. Thornton is Adjunct Professor and an affiliate of the Center for Entrepreneurship  

E-print Network

Biographical Information Patricia H. Thornton is Adjunct Professor and an affiliate of the Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation at Duke University Fuqua School of Business and Visiting Professor and affiliated as an expert witness on mergers and acquisitions in the higher education publishing markets to the U

Reif, John H.

356

Undergraduate Perceptions of Information Use: The Basis for Creating User-Centered Student Information Literacy Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current information literacy pedagogy, usually tied to a particular set of skills, does not adequately address the needs of learners. Using a phenomenographic method, this study reveals the three ways that undergraduate students conceptualize information use. Knowing how undergraduates understand information use allows educators to create enhanced learning environments.

Clarence Maybee

2006-01-01

357

Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization  

PubMed Central

Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue, as empirical evidence for growth enhancing effects is mixed. Here, we find sizable welfare gains from liberalization (cost to repression), though the gain in economic growth is ambiguous. We take the view that financial liberalization is a government policy that alters the path of financial deepening, while financial deepening is endogenously chosen by agents given a policy and occurs in transition towards a distant steady state. This history-dependent view necessitates the use of simulation analysis based on a growth model. Our application is a specific episode: Thailand from 1976 to 1996. PMID:20806055

Townsend, Robert M.; Ueda, Kenichi

2010-01-01

358

Immigrant Assimilation And Welfare Participation: Do Immigrants Assimilate Into Or Out Of Welfare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses differences in welfare utilization between immigrants and natives in Sweden using a large panel data set, LINDA, for the years 1990 to 1996. Both welfare expenditures and immigration increased substantially in Sweden in the 1990's. We find that immigrants use welfare to a greater extent than natives and that non-refugee immigrants utilize social assistance less than refugee

Jörgen Hansen; Magnus Löfström

2000-01-01

359

Fiscal Year 1998 Annual Report, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Data Center -- A for Atmospheric Trace Gases  

SciTech Connect

Once again, the most recent fiscal year was a productive one for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), as well as a year for change. The FY 1998 in Review section in this report summarizes quite a few new and updated data and information products, and the ''What's Coming in FY 1999'' section describes our plans for this new fiscal year. During FY 1998, CDIAC began a data-management system for AmeriFlux, a long-term study of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere of the Western Hemisphere and the atmosphere. The specific objectives of AmeriFlux are to establish an infrastructure for guiding, collecting, synthesizing, and disseminating long-term measurements of CO{sub 2}, water, and energy exchange from a variety of ecosystems; collect critical new information to help define the current global CO{sub 2} budget; enable improved predictions of future concentrations of atmospheric CO{sub 2}; and enhance understanding of carbon fluxes. Net Ecosystem Production (NEP), and carbon sequestration in the terrestrial biosphere. The data-management system, available from CDIAC'S AmeriFlux home page (http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/programs/ameriflux/ ) is intended to provide consistent, quality-assured, and documented data across all AmeriFlux sites in the US, Canada, Costa Rica, and Brazil. It is being developed by Antoinette Brenkert and Tom Boden, with assistance from Susan Holladay (who joined CDIAC specifically to support the AmeriFlux data-management effort).

Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Hook, L.A.; Jones, S.B.; Kaiser, D.P.; Nelson, T.R.

1999-03-01

360

A history of animal welfare science.  

PubMed

Human attitudes to animals have changed as non-humans have become more widely incorporated in the category of moral agents who deserve some respect. Parallels between the functioning of humans and non-humans have been made for thousands of years but the idea that the animals that we keep can suffer has spread recently. An improved understanding of motivation, cognition and the complexity of social behaviour in animals has led in the last 30 years to the rapid development of animal welfare science. Early attempts to define welfare referred to individuals being in harmony with nature but the first usable definition incorporated feelings and health as part of attempts to cope with the environment. Others considered that welfare is only about feelings but it is argued that as feelings are mechanisms that have evolved they are a part of welfare rather than all of it. Most reviews of welfare now start with listing the needs of the animal, including needs to show certain behaviours. This approach has used sophisticated studies of what is important to animals and has replaced the earlier general guidelines described as freedoms. Many measures of welfare are now used and indicate how good or how poor the welfare is. Naturalness is not a part of the definition of welfare but explains why some needs exist. In recent years, welfare has become established as one of various criteria used to decide on whether a system is sustainable because members of the public will not accept systems that cause poor welfare. The study of welfare has become part of the scientific basis upon which important political decisions are made. PMID:21347723

Broom, Donald M

2011-06-01

361

National Library of Medicine Disaster Information Management Research Center: Establishment and growth, 2008–2010 1  

PubMed Central

In 2008, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) established the Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC). Prior to 2008, NLM had a long history of involvement in providing health information for disaster management. Aware of this legacy and moved by the catastrophic aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the NLM long range plan (Charting a Course for the 21st Century: NLM’s Long Range Plan 2006–2016) called for creation of a center to show “a strong commitment to disaster remediation and to provide a platform for demonstrating how libraries and librarians can be part of the solution to this national problem”. NLM was urged to “ensure continuous access to health information and effective use of libraries and librarians when disasters occur”. In response to this charge, NLM has undertaken substantial efforts to ensure that medical libraries have plans for the continuity of their operations, librarians are trained to understand their roles in preparedness and response, online disaster health information resources are available for many audiences and in multiple formats, and research is conducted on tools to enhance the exchange of critical information during and following disasters. This paper documents the history, goals, initiatives, accomplishments and future plans of the Center. PMID:25324584

Love, Cynthia B.; Arnesen, Stacey J.; Phillips, Steven J.

2014-01-01

362

National Library of Medicine Disaster Information Management Research Center: Establishment and growth, 2008-2010.  

PubMed

In 2008, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) established the Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC). Prior to 2008, NLM had a long history of involvement in providing health information for disaster management. Aware of this legacy and moved by the catastrophic aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the NLM long range plan (Charting a Course for the 21st Century: NLM's Long Range Plan 2006-2016) called for creation of a center to show "a strong commitment to disaster remediation and to provide a platform for demonstrating how libraries and librarians can be part of the solution to this national problem". NLM was urged to "ensure continuous access to health information and effective use of libraries and librarians when disasters occur". In response to this charge, NLM has undertaken substantial efforts to ensure that medical libraries have plans for the continuity of their operations, librarians are trained to understand their roles in preparedness and response, online disaster health information resources are available for many audiences and in multiple formats, and research is conducted on tools to enhance the exchange of critical information during and following disasters. This paper documents the history, goals, initiatives, accomplishments and future plans of the Center. PMID:25324584

Love, Cynthia B; Arnesen, Stacey J; Phillips, Steven J

2013-01-01

363

Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation  

E-print Network

A study designed to analyze two information services provided by the Water Resources Scientific Information Center is described. The study was conducted to assess the monetary value and acceptability to users of the Selected Water Resources...

Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

1969-11-15

364

43 CFR 17.250 - Health, welfare, and social services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Health, welfare, and social services. 17.250 Section 17... § 17.250 Health, welfare, and social services. This subpart applies to health, welfare, and other social service programs or activities...

2010-10-01

365

42 CFR 86.33 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.33 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES ...86.33 Human subjects; animal welfare. Where the application...Administration Manual 2 068 concerning animal welfare. 2 See...

2013-10-01

366

42 CFR 86.33 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.33 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES ...86.33 Human subjects; animal welfare. Where the application...Administration Manual 2 068 concerning animal welfare. 2 See...

2012-10-01

367

42 CFR 86.33 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.33 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES ...86.33 Human subjects; animal welfare. Where the application...Administration Manual 2 068 concerning animal welfare. 2 See...

2014-10-01

368

42 CFR 86.33 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.33 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES ...86.33 Human subjects; animal welfare. Where the application...Administration Manual 2 068 concerning animal welfare. 2 See...

2011-10-01

369

42 CFR 86.19 - Human subjects; animal welfare.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Human subjects; animal welfare. 86.19 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES ...86.19 Human subjects; animal welfare. No grant award...Administration Manual 2 concerning animal welfare. 2 The...

2013-10-01

370

Introducing breathlessness as a significant animal welfare issue.  

PubMed

Abstract Breathlessness is a negative affective experience relating to respiration, the animal welfare significance of which has largely been underestimated in the veterinary and animal welfare sciences. In this review, we draw attention to the negative impact that breathlessness can have on the welfare of individual animals and to the wide range of situations in which mammals may experience breathlessness. At least three qualitatively distinct sensations of breathlessness are recognised in human medicine - respiratory effort, air hunger and chest tightness - and each of these reflects comparison by cerebral cortical processing of some combination of heightened ventilatory drive and/or impaired respiratory function. Each one occurs in a variety of pathological conditions and other situations, and more than one may be experienced simultaneously or in succession. However, the three qualities vary in terms of their unpleasantness, with air hunger reported to be the most unpleasant. We emphasise the important interplay among various primary stimuli to breathlessness and other physiological and pathophysiological conditions, as well as animal management practices. For example, asphyxia/drowning of healthy mammals or killing those with respiratory disease using gases containing high carbon dioxide tensions is likely to lead to severe air hunger, while brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome in modern dog and cat breeds increases respiratory effort at rest and likely leads to air hunger during exertion. Using this information as a guide, we encourage animal welfare scientists, veterinarians, laboratory scientists, regulatory bodies and others involved in evaluations of animal welfare to consider whether or not breathlessness contributes to any compromise they may observe or wish to avoid or mitigate. PMID:25004795

Beausoleil, Nj; Mellor, Dj

2015-01-01

371

Welfare Effects of Pharmaceutical Informative Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pharmaceutical markets are characterized by a high degree of innovation, complexity and uncertainty, especially markets of idiosyncratic symptomatolgy and response to treatment such as the antidepressant market. It may, therefore, be unreasonable to assume that consumers are aware of all antidepressants for sale at the time of purchase, as is the case in traditional models of consumer choice. Such an

Paris Cleanthous

2011-01-01

372

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Chemical Testing for Decision-Support: How to Include Animal Welfare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Toxicity testing for regulatory purposes raises the question of test selection for a particular endpoint. Given the public's concern for animal welfare, test selection is a multi-objective decision problem that requires balancing information outcome, animal welfare loss, and monetary testing costs. This paper demonstrates the applicability of cost-effectiveness analysis as a decision-support tool for test selection in a regulatory context

Silke Gabbert; Ekko C. van Ierland

2010-01-01

373

Effects of Welfare Participation on Marriage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the widely held premise that welfare participation causes women to refrain from marriage. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,219), we employed an event history approach to study transitions to marriage among mothers who have had a nonmarital birth. We found that welfare participation reduces the…

Teitler, Julien O.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

2009-01-01

374

Reconsidering Schools and the American Welfare State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses her comparative study of the history of the welfare state in the United States, England, and France, she studies some of the usual features of the welfare state, which include important entitlement programs, such as social insurance, and protective labor legislation, but she also focuses on the development of…

Cohen, Miriam

2005-01-01

375

Welfare Effects of Global Patent Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a simple model of invention and patent protection to examine the welfare effects of extending patent protection from the country where invention takes place to another country that is only a consumer of invented products. It is shown that, while the welfare of the inventing country certainly rises with the extension of patent protection, that of the

Alan V Deardorff

1992-01-01

376

Bioethical Problems: Animal Welfare, Animal Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various bioethical issues and problems related to animal welfare and animal rights. Areas examined include: Aristotelian views; animal welfare legislation; Darwin and evolutionary theory; animal and human behavior; and vegetarianism. A 14-point universal declaration of the rights of animals is included. (JN)

March, B. E.

1984-01-01

377

The globalisation of farm animal welfare.  

PubMed

Animal welfare has achieved significant global prominence for perhaps three reasons. First, several centuries of scientific research, especially in anatomy, evolutionary biology and animal behaviour, have led to a gradual narrowing of the gap that people perceive between humans and other species; this altered perception has prompted grass-roots attention to animals and their welfare, initially in Western countries but now more globally asthe influence of science has expanded. Second, scientific research on animal welfare has provided insights and methods for improving the handling, housing and management of animals; this 'animal welfare science' is increasingly seen as relevant to improving animal husbandry worldwide. Third, the development and use of explicit animal welfare standards has helped to integrate animal welfare as a component of national and international public policy, commerce and trade. To date, social debate about animal welfare has been dominated bythe industrialised nations. However, as the issue becomes increasingly global, it will be important for the non-industrialised countries to develop locally appropriate approaches to improving animal welfare, for example, by facilitating the provision of shelter, food, water and health care, and by improving basic handling, transportation and slaughter. PMID:25000775

Fraser, D

2014-04-01

378

Finding Jobs: Work and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 13 papers on labor market and welfare reform, with special emphasis on the demand for low-wage workers, wages and job characteristics in the less skilled labor market, public politics to increase employment and earnings of less skilled workers, and the impact of welfare reform. The following papers are included: "The Labor…

Card, David E., Ed.; Blank, Rebecca M., Ed.

379

AID and the Single Welfare Mother.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debates the issue of voluntary artificial insemination among single women who depend on public assistance. Ooms argues that eligibility for welfare should be based on court defined criteria rather than on moral judgments, while Steinfels suggests that the welfare of the child is most important in any consideration. (Author/AOS)

Ooms, Theodora; Steinfels, Margaret O'Brien

1983-01-01

380

Implementing Welfare Reform in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a broader study considering effects of welfare reform on households in rural areas. This report describes the findings of qualitative research, which examined welfare reform implementation and availability of services in 12 rural communities in Alabama, Arkansas, California, and Maine. The study sites were diverse in terms of…

Pindus, Nancy M.

381

Pharmaceutical Price Discrimination and Social Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Price discrimination is an extremely common type of pricing strategy engaged in by virtually every business with some discretionary pricing power. The issue of whether price discrimination reduces or increases social welfare has been considered by economists since at least 1920. At that time, it was demonstrated that, under certain (restrictive) conditions, price discrimination will reduce social welfare. Subsequent research

Frank R. Lichtenberg

2010-01-01

382

Family Poverty, Welfare Reform, and Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines consequences of family poverty for child development, noting evidence that deep or persistent poverty early in childhood adversely affects children's ability and achievement. Argues that although the 1996 welfare reforms spurred many welfare-to-work transitions, their time limits and sanctions are likely to deepen poverty among some…

Duncan, Greg J.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2000-01-01

383

University of California-Davis Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center:  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center is housed in the Pomology Department at the University of California-Davis. Postharvest Center research focuses on improving the quality of horticultural crops, reducing post-harvest losses, improving marketing efficiency, and solving produce handling problems. This Publications website contains a wealth of downloadable articles organized by a wide range of crops and related issues. The numerous publication categories include: Apples, Nectarines, Lettuce, Postharvest IPM, Health Benefits, Storage, and many more. Visitors can locate articles by browsing the site index or by using a keyword search engine.

384

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At the grand opening of the newly expanded KSC Visitor Complex, Center Director Roy Bridges addresses guests and the media. The $13 million addition to the Visitor Complex includes an International Space Station-themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks, a new information center, films, and exhibits. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

385

A portal to gene-centered information from different sources http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/  

E-print Network

NCBI Gene A portal to gene-centered information from different sources http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene of Health · Department of Health and Human Services NCBI Handout Series | Gene | Last Update December 18, 2013 Contact: info@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov NCBI Gene A portal to gene-centered information from different

Levin, Judith G.

386

Applied Climate Information System -NOAA Regional Climate Centers 727 Hardin Hall, 3310 Holdrege Street, Lincoln, NE 68583-0997  

E-print Network

Applied Climate Information System - NOAA Regional Climate Centers ACIS 727 Hardin Hall, 3310-8763 High Plains Regional Climate Center Climate Services HPRCC provides the public with several ways to access climate data and information. Whether via direct contact, website access, or through

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

387

A Drug Information Center Module to Train Pharmacy Students in Evidence-based Practice  

PubMed Central

Objective. To use a drug information center training module to teach evidence-based medicine to pharmacy students and to assess their satisfaction with the experience. Design. During the 5-week module, students were taught how to develop information search strategies and to conduct critical analysis of scientific papers. The instructors developed activities based on past requests received by the university’s Drug Information Center. The complexity of the assignments increased throughout the module. Assessment. One hundred twenty-one students were trained between August 2009 and July 2010. Sixty-seven (55.4%) completed a voluntary assessment form at the completion of the 5-week module. Students’ feedback was positive, with 11 students suggesting that the module be integrated into the undergraduate curriculum. The most frequently (52.2%) mentioned area of dissatisfaction was with the performance of computers in the computer laboratory. Conclusions. The drug information center training module was an effective tool for teaching evidence-based medicine to pharmacy students. Additional research is needed to determine whether graduates are able to apply the knowledge and skills learned in the module to the pharmacy practice setting. PMID:23716748

Pereira de Lima David, Juceni; Noblat, Lúcia de Araujo Costa Beisl

2013-01-01

388

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The Project, called the Informal Science Educators Network Project (ISEN), is composed primarily of informal science educators and exhibit developers from science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, parks, and nature centers. Although museum-based professionals represent the majority of subscribers to ISEN, also involved are some classroom teachers and teacher educators from colleges and universities. Common to all ISEN participants is a commitment to school and science education reform. Specifically, funding from the Department of Energy helped to boot strap the effort, providing Barrier Reduction Vouchers to 123 educators that enabled them participate in ISEN. Among the major accomplishments of the Project are these: (1) assistance to 123 informal science educators to attend Internet training sessions held in connection with the Project and/or purchase hardware and software that linked them to the Internet; (2) Internet training for 153 informal science educators; (3) development of a listserv which currently has over 180 subscribers--an all-time high; (4) opportunity to participate in four web chats involving informal science educators with noted researchers; (5) development of two sites on the World Wide Web linking informal science educators to Internet resources; (6) creation of an on-line collection of over 40 articles related to inquiry-based teaching and science education reform. In order to continue the momentum of the Project, ASTC has requested from the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science project a no/cost extension through December 1997.

NONE

1997-05-09

389

Evolution of Information Management at the GSFC Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC): 2006-2007  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Increasingly sophisticated National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth science missions have driven their associated data and data management systems from providing simple point-to-point archiving and retrieval to performing user-responsive distributed multisensor information extraction. To fully maximize the use of remote-sensor-generated Earth science data, NASA recognized the need for data systems that provide data access and manipulation capabilities responsive to research brought forth by advancing scientific analysis and the need to maximize the use and usability of the data. The decision by NASA to purposely evolve the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) and other information management facilities was timely and appropriate. The GES DISC evolution was focused on replacing the EOSDIS Core System (ECS) by reusing the In-house developed disk-based Simple, Scalable, Script-based Science Product Archive (S4PA) data management system and migrating data to the disk archives. Transition was completed in December 2007

Kempler, Steven; Lynnes, Christopher; Vollmer, Bruce; Alcott, Gary; Berrick, Stephen

2009-01-01

390

32 CFR 37.1030 - What information must I report to the Defense Technical Information Center?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Executing the Award Reporting Information...help the Department of Defense measure the Department-wide benefits of using TIAs and assess the instruments' value in...

2014-07-01

391

Readiness for Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology and Patient Centered Medical Home Recognition Survey Results  

PubMed Central

Objective Determine the factors that impact HIT use and MU readiness for community health centers (CHCs). Background The HITECH Act allocates funds to Medicaid and Medicare providers to encourage the adoption of electronic health records (EHR), in an effort to improve health care quality and patient outcomes, and to reduce health care costs. Methods We surveyed CHCs on their Readiness for Meaningful Use (MU) of Health Information Technology (HIT) and Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) Recognition, then we combined responses with 2009 Uniform Data System data to determine which factors impact use of HIT and MU readiness. Results Nearly 70% of CHCs had full or partial EHR adoption at the time of survey. Results are presented for centers with EHR adoption, by the length of time that their EHR systems have been in operation. PMID:24834365

Shin, Peter; Sharac, Jessica

2013-01-01

392

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At the grand opening of the newly expanded KSC Visitor Complex, Center Director Roy Bridges presents Deep Space Nine star Avery Brooks with a plaque, recognizing his contribution to advancing the public's understanding of NASA and the search for life elsewhere in the universe. Brooks narrates the new film Quest for Life at the Visitor Center. The $ 13 million addition to the Visitor Complex now includes an International Space Station- themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks, a new information center, films, and exhibits. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

393

Patient safety goals for the proposed Federal Health Information Technology Safety Center.  

PubMed

The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology is expected to oversee creation of a Health Information Technology (HIT) Safety Center. While its functions are still being defined, the center is envisioned as a public-private entity focusing on promotion of HIT related patient safety. We propose that the HIT Safety Center leverages its unique position to work with key administrative and policy stakeholders, healthcare organizations (HCOs), and HIT vendors to achieve four goals: (1) facilitate creation of a nationwide 'post-marketing' surveillance system to monitor HIT related safety events; (2) develop methods and governance structures to support investigation of major HIT related safety events; (3) create the infrastructure and methods needed to carry out random assessments of HIT related safety in complex HCOs; and (4) advocate for HIT safety with government and private entities. The convening ability of a federally supported HIT Safety Center could be critically important to our transformation to a safe and effective HIT enabled healthcare system. PMID:25332353

Sittig, Dean F; Classen, David C; Singh, Hardeep

2014-10-20

394

Long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center: Information for base realignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes and discusses the results obtained during 1992 from the study of long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center (YTC), which Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted for the US Department of the Army. This study was initiated to provide basic ecological information on YTC long-billed curlews (Numenius americanus). The long-billed curlew is a relatively common spring and summer resident

K. D. Hand; L. L. Cadwell; L. E. Eberhardt

1994-01-01

395

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information: 2002 update  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

2002-01-01

396

Catalog of Databases and Reports from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report catalogues the titles, authors, years, and brief descriptions for databases and reports from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The reports, many of which are available online, focus on the greenhouse effect and global climate change. The catalog is divided into US Department of Energy (DOE) reports, CDIAC reports, CDIAC numeric data and computer model products, and databases. Author and title indexes are available.

397

An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project.  

PubMed

Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare outcomes, epidemiological approaches are needed as well as multifactorial assessments of welfare. Many questions have been raised about the housing and care of elephants in zoos and whether their environmental and social needs are being met in a manner that promotes good welfare. This article describes the background and rationale for a large-scale study of elephant welfare in North American zoos funded by the (U.S.) Institute of Museum and Library Services. The goals of this project are to document the prevalence of positive and negative welfare states in 291 elephants exhibited in 72 Association of Zoos and Aquariums zoos and then determine the environmental, management, and husbandry factors that impact elephant welfare. This research is the largest scale nonhuman animal welfare project ever undertaken by the zoo community, and the scope of environmental variables and welfare outcomes measured is unprecedented. PMID:24079487

Carlstead, Kathy; Mench, Joy A; Meehan, Cheryl; Brown, Janine L

2013-01-01

398

BNL ALARA Center experience with an information exchange system on dose control at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

The essential elements of an international information exchange system on dose control at nuclear power plants are summarized. Information was collected from literature abstracting services, by attending technical meetings, by circulating data collection forms, and through personal contacts. Data are assembled in various databases and periodically disseminated to several hundred interested participants through a variety of publications and at technical meetings. Immediate on-line access to the data is available to participants with modems, commercially available communications software, and a password that is provided by the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) ALARA Center to authorized users of the system. Since January 1992, rapid access also has been provided to persons with fax machines. Some information is available for polling'' the BNL system at any time, and other data can be installed for polling on request. Most information disseminated to data has been through publications; however, new protocols, simplified by the ALARA Center staff, and the convenience of fax machines are likely to make the earlier availability of information through these mechanisms increasingly important.

Baum, J.W.; Khan, T.A.

1992-01-01

399

BNL ALARA Center experience with an information exchange system on dose control at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

The essential elements of an international information exchange system on dose control at nuclear power plants are summarized. Information was collected from literature abstracting services, by attending technical meetings, by circulating data collection forms, and through personal contacts. Data are assembled in various databases and periodically disseminated to several hundred interested participants through a variety of publications and at technical meetings. Immediate on-line access to the data is available to participants with modems, commercially available communications software, and a password that is provided by the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) ALARA Center to authorized users of the system. Since January 1992, rapid access also has been provided to persons with fax machines. Some information is available for ``polling`` the BNL system at any time, and other data can be installed for polling on request. Most information disseminated to data has been through publications; however, new protocols, simplified by the ALARA Center staff, and the convenience of fax machines are likely to make the earlier availability of information through these mechanisms increasingly important.

Baum, J.W.; Khan, T.A.

1992-04-01

400

ImTK: an open source multi-center information management toolkit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Information Management Toolkit (ImTK) Consortium is an open source initiative to develop robust, freely available tools related to the information management needs of basic, clinical, and translational research. An open source framework and agile programming methodology can enable distributed software development while an open architecture will encourage interoperability across different environments. The ISIS Center has conceptualized a prototype data sharing network that simulates a multi-center environment based on a federated data access model. This model includes the development of software tools to enable efficient exchange, sharing, management, and analysis of multimedia medical information such as clinical information, images, and bioinformatics data from multiple data sources. The envisioned ImTK data environment will include an open architecture and data model implementation that complies with existing standards such as Digital Imaging and Communications (DICOM), Health Level 7 (HL7), and the technical framework and workflow defined by the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Information Technology Infrastructure initiative, mainly the Cross Enterprise Document Sharing (XDS) specifications.

Alaoui, Adil; Ingeholm, Mary Lou; Padh, Shilpa; Dorobantu, Mihai; Desai, Mihir; Cleary, Kevin; Mun, Seong K.

2008-03-01

401

Implementation of Single Source Based Hospital Information System for the Catholic Medical Center Affiliated Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this research is to introduce the unique approach of the Catholic Medical Center (CMC) integrate network hospitals with organizational and technical methodologies adopted for seamless implementation. Methods The Catholic Medical Center has developed a new hospital information system to connect network hospitals and adopted new information technology architecture which uses single source for multiple distributed hospital systems. Results The hospital information system of the CMC was developed to integrate network hospitals adopting new system development principles; one source, one route and one management. This information architecture has reduced the cost for system development and operation, and has enhanced the efficiency of the management process. Conclusions Integrating network hospital through information system was not simple; it was much more complicated than single organization implementation. We are still looking for more efficient communication channel and decision making process, and also believe that our new system architecture will be able to improve CMC health care system and provide much better quality of health care service to patients and customers. PMID:21818432

Choi, Inyoung; Choi, Ran; Lee, Jonghyun

2010-01-01

402

The effective use of newspaper information in corporations (2) Centered around corporate and managemant information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A newspaper article is a fragmentary record of fact. For information activities in corporations it is fundamental to gather newspaper articles related to the object thema as many as possible, integrate them, analyze them, and then, create new intelligence based on them. Here in databases become effective measures. It seems essential to construct searching strategy with high recall of necessary information and understand the databases in detail when we use newspaper article databases. The cases that newspaper databases are useful for business are represented by (1) research and analysis for problem solving, (2) gathering of knowledge, and confirmation of the facts, and (3) constant observation of facts without missing any change in there. Particularly for case (1) various methods are tried for analyzing the tendency.

Kamio, Tatsuo

403

A User-Centered Approach to Adaptive Hypertext Based on an Information Relevance Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid and effective to information in large electronic documentation systems can be facilitated if information relevant in an individual user's content can be automatically supplied to this user. However most of this knowledge on contextual relevance is not found within the contents of documents, it is rather established incrementally by users during information access. We propose a new model for interactively learning contextual relevance during information retrieval, and incrementally adapting retrieved information to individual user profiles. The model, called a relevance network, records the relevance of references based on user feedback for specific queries and user profiles. It also generalizes such knowledge to later derive relevant references for similar queries and profiles. The relevance network lets users filter information by context of relevance. Compared to other approaches, it does not require any prior knowledge nor training. More importantly, our approach to adaptivity is user-centered. It facilitates acceptance and understanding by users by giving them shared control over the adaptation without disturbing their primary task. Users easily control when to adapt and when to use the adapted system. Lastly, the model is independent of the particular application used to access information, and supports sharing of adaptations among users.

Mathe, Nathalie; Chen, James

1994-01-01

404

Longitudinal Effects of Domestic Violence on Employment and Welfare Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses longitudinal data spanning 13 years from a study of 234 adolescent mothers to evaluate the effects of cumulative domestic violence on employment and welfare use before and after welfare reform. Domestic violence increased the odds of unemployment after welfare reform, but not before; domestic violence had no effect on welfare use…

Lindhorst, Taryn; Oxford, Monica; Gillmore, Mary Rogers

2007-01-01

405

Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report addresses questions concerning the extent to which U.S. families depend on income from welfare programs, offering updated data on measures of welfare recipiency, dependency, and predictors of welfare dependence developed for previous reports. Chapter 1, "Introduction," reviews specific summary measures of welfare dependence proposed by…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

406

Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. This is the second of those annual reports. A family is defined as dependent on welfare if more than 50% of its total income in a 1-year period comes from welfare programs…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

407

Spurious Welfare Reversals in International Business Cycle Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Papers on international business cycles have documented spurious welfare reversals: incomplete markets produce a higher level of welfare than the complete market. This paper first demonstrates how conventional linearization, as used in King, Plosser, and Rebelo (1988), can generate approximation errors that can result in welfare reversals. Using a two-country production economy, we argue that spurious welfare reversals are not

Jinill Kim

2001-01-01

408

A Look at Child Welfare from a Homeless Education Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although navigating the child welfare system can be daunting for those working in the field of homeless education, local liaisons and others must determine whether children in the child welfare system are eligible for McKinney-Vento services and collaborate with child welfare staff. This document provides an overview of the U.S. child welfare

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

409

WORK, INCOME AND MATERIAL HARDSHIP AFTER WELFARE Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin  

E-print Network

of the Center on Poverty, Risk and Mental Health; Colleen Heflin is Senior Research Associate at the Poverty: State Welfare Reform and the Well-being of Low Income Families and Children,". This research T. MacArthur Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the University of Michigan

Shyy, Wei

410

The (Mis)Measurement of Job Performance in Child Welfare Using (Non)Experimental Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary explicates two principal arguments against the conclusions drawn by Robin Perry in his article "Do Social Workers Make Better Child Welfare Workers Than Non-Social Workers?" The first concerns the methodology used, whereas the second centers on the measurement of the dependent variable, performance expectation. Considering the…

Lieberman, Alice A.; Levy, Michelle M.

2006-01-01

411

Validating a Measure of Organizational Cultural Competence in Voluntary Child Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examines the psychometric properties of two subscales of the Association of University Centers on Disabilities (AUCD) Multicultural Council's Organizational Cultural Competence Assessment, which together have been used to assess organizational cultural competence in child welfare agencies. Method: Confirmatory factor…

Schudrich, Wendy Zeitlin

2014-01-01

412

Obesity as a Barrier to the Transition from Welfare to Work John Cawley  

E-print Network

in the previous month. Among African American females, weight is not correlated with employment, full not appear to be a barrier for African-American women, though it may represent a barrier to leaving welfare and National Poverty Center University of Michigan May, 2004 Paper to be presented at the Second International

Shyy, Wei

413

Child Support Enforcement and Welfare Caseloads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annual state panel data from 1980 to 1999 was examined to understand the effects of child support enforcement (CSE). However, in recent years, it has been found that the CSE among current and former welfare families are dramatically improved.

Chein-Chung Huang; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

2004-01-01

414

A History of Social Welfare Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cornell University Library's Social Welfare Digital Collection brings together manuscripts, early journals, narratives, reports, letters, photographs, prints, and much more that document the history of social welfare in the United States. The two foci here include the historical development of social welfare services in New York and the history of social welfare provisions by and for African Americans. On the homepage, visitors can look over the Featured Item and then Browse around at their leisure through more than 25 titles, such as "Dangerous Classes of New York, and twenty years' work among them" and "North of Slavery." Visitors can also look over two timelines documenting the parallel foci mentioned above. The siteâÂÂs Search feature allows for a basic search across all items in the collection.

415

Child Welfare Outcomes 1998: Annual Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report is the first in a series of annual reports from the Department of Health and Human Services required by the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA). The report "presents data on State performance in meeting the needs of children and families who come into contact with the child welfare system, focusing specifically on the "outcomes, or results, for these children." It also examines the condition of child welfare programs nationwide, presents data measuring outcomes, and offers findings and conclusions.

2000-01-01

416

Integration of footprints information systems in palliative care: the case of Medical Center of Central Georgia.  

PubMed

Healthcare in America continues to be of paramount importance, and one of the most highly debated public policy issues of our time. With annual expenditures already exceeding $2.4 trillion, and yielding less than optimal results, it stands to reason that we must turn to promising tools and solutions, such as information technology (IT), to improve service efficiency and quality of care. Presidential addresses in 2004 and 2008 laid out an agenda, framework, and timeline for national health information technology investment and development. A national initiative was long overdue. This report we show that advancements in both medical technologies and information systems can be capitalized upon, hence extending information systems usage beyond data collection to include administrative and decision support, care plan development, quality improvement, etc. In this paper we focus on healthcare services for palliative patients. We present the development and preliminary accounts of a successful initiative in the Medical Center of Central Georgia where footprints information technology was modified and integrated into the hospital's palliative care service and existing EMR systems. The project provides evidence that there are a plethora of areas in healthcare in which innovative application of information systems could significantly enhance the care delivered to loved ones, and improve operations at the same time.. PMID:21057887

Tsavatewa, Christopher; Musa, Philip F; Ramsingh, Isaac

2012-06-01

417

Animal welfare: an animal science approach.  

PubMed

Increasing world population and demand for animal-derived protein puts pressure on animal production to meet this demand. For this purpose animal breeding efforts were conducted to obtain the maximum yield that the genetic makeup of the animals permits. Under the influence of economics which is the driving force behind animal production, animal farming became more concentrated and controlled which resulted in rearing animals under confinement. Since more attention was given on economics and yield per animal, animal welfare and behavior were neglected. Animal welfare which can be defined as providing environmental conditions in which animals can display all their natural behaviors in nature started gaining importance in recent years. This does not necessarily mean that animals provided with good management practices would have better welfare conditions as some animals may be distressed even though they are in good environmental conditions. Consumers are willing to pay more for welfare-friendly products (e.g.: free range vs caged egg) and this will change the animal production practices in the future. Thus animal scientists will have to adapt themselves for the changing animal welfare rules and regulations that differ for farm animal species and countries. In this review paper, animal welfare is discussed from an animal science standpoint. PMID:23664009

Koknaroglu, H; Akunal, T

2013-12-01

418

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Part of the $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex, the new information center welcomes visitors to the Gateway to the Universe. The five large video walls provide an orientation video, with an introduction to the range of activities and exhibits, and honor the center's namesake, President John F. Kennedy. Other additions include a walk-through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater, plus an International Space Station-themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

419

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Part of the $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex, the new information center welcomes visitors to the Gateway to the Universe. The five large video walls provide an orientation video, with an introduction to the range of activities and exhibits, and honor the center's namesake, President John F. Kennedy. Other new additions include a walk-through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater, and an International Space Station-themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

420

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Part of the $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex, the new information center welcomes visitors to the Gateway to the Universe. The five large video walls provide an orientation video, shown here with photos of John Glenn in his historic Shuttle mission in October 1998, with an introduction to the range of activities and exhibits, plus honor the center's namesake, President John F. Kennedy. Other new additions include a walk-through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater, plus an International Space Station-themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

421

COMMUNICATING RISK INFORMATION TO STATE AND LOCAL AIR POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCIES VIA U.S. EPA'S AIR RISK INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTER (AIR RISC)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Air Risk Information Support Center (Air RISC) has been organized by U.S. EPA's offices of Air Quality Planning and Standards and Health and Environmental Assessment. The center has been developed in cooperation with the State and Territorial air Pollution Control Program Adm...

422

Effect of grazing on the cow welfare of dairy herds evaluated by a multidimensional welfare index.  

PubMed

Structural development in the prime sector has led to increasing herd sizes and new barn systems, followed by less summer grazing for dairy cows in Denmark. Effects of grazing on single welfare measures in dairy cows - for example, the presence of integument alterations or mortality - have been studied under different conditions. However, the effect of grazing on welfare, conceptualised as the multidimensional physical and mental state of the animal, has not yet been studied in contemporary cubicle loose-housing systems. The aim of our study was to investigate, based on a Welfare Quality® inspired multidimensional dairy cow welfare assessment protocol, the within-herd effect of summer grazing compared with winter barn housing in Danish dairy herds with cubicle free-stall systems for the lactating cows. Our hypothesis was that cow welfare in dairy herds was better during summer grazing than during full-time winter housing. Furthermore, we expected improved welfare with an increase in daily summer grazing hours. In total, 41 herds have been visited once in the winter and once in the summer of 2010 to assess their welfare status with 17 different animal- and resource-based welfare measures. A panel of 20 experts on cattle welfare and husbandry evaluated the relative weight of the 17 welfare measures in a multidimensional assessment scheme. They estimated exact weights for a priori constituted severe compared with moderate scores of welfare impairment concerning each measure, as well as relevance of the measures in relation to each other. A welfare index (WI; possible range 0 to 5400) was calculated for each herd and season with a higher index indicating poorer welfare. The within-herd comparison of summer grazing v. winter housing considered all the 17 measures. The mean WI in summer was significantly lower (better) than in winter (mean 2926 v. 3330; paired t-test P = 0.0001) based on a better state of the integument, claw conformation and better access to water and food. Body condition and faeces consistence were worse in summer. Many daily grazing hours (range average above 3 to 9 h) turned out to be more beneficial than few daily grazing hours (range average above 9 to 21 h) for the welfare of the dairy herds. In conclusion, this study reports a positive within-herd effect of summer grazing on dairy cow welfare, where many daily grazing hours were more beneficial than few daily grazing hours. PMID:23244468

Burow, E; Rousing, T; Thomsen, P T; Otten, N D; Sørensen, J T

2013-05-01

423

Delivering Drought Information Services to the Great Plains and the World Tonya Bernadt and Michael Hayes , National Drought Mitigation Center  

E-print Network

Delivering Drought Information Services to the Great Plains and the World Tonya Bernadt and Michael Hayes , National Drought Mitigation Center University of NebraskaLincoln, 819 Hardin Hall 68583 tbernadt5@unl.edu, mhayes2@unl.edu The National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) has interacted with local

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

424

Providing Medical Information to College Health Center Personnel: A Circuit Librarian Service at the University of Illinois  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College health center personnel are no different from other health practitioners in their need for medical information. To help meet this need, the McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, developed a partnership in 1997 with the Library of the Health Sciences-Urbana, a regional site library of the University of Illinois at…

Stumpff, Julia C.

2003-01-01

425

Welfare state regimes and population health: integrating the East Asian welfare states.  

PubMed

Epidemiological studies have consistently shown that population health varies significantly by welfare state regime. However, these studies have focused exclusively on the welfare states of Europe, North America and Australasia. This focus ignores the existence of welfare states in other parts of the world, specifically in East Asia. This study therefore investigates whether the association between population health (Infant Mortality Rates and Life Expectancy at birth) and welfare state regimes is still valid when the welfare states of East Asia are added into the analysis. It also examines whether population health is worse in the East Asian welfare states. Infant Mortality Rates and Life Expectancy at birth as well as GDP per capita and social and health expenditures as a percentage of GDP were examined in 30 welfare states, categorised into six different regimes (Scandinavian, Anglo-Saxon, Bismarckian, Southern, Eastern European and East Asian). ANOVA analysis showed significant differences by welfare state regime in the magnitude of IMR, LE, SE, HE and GDP per capita. However, when controlling for GDP per capita in the ANCOVA analyses, only Life Expectancy (R(2)=0.58, adjusted R(2)=0.47, p<0.05) and Social Expenditure (R(2)=0.70, adjusted R(2)=0.61, p<0.05) differed significantly by welfare state regime. 47% of the variation in Life Expectancy was explained by welfare state regime type. Further, the East Asian welfare states did not have the worst health outcomes. The study concludes by highlighting the need to expand comparative health analysis both in terms of the range of countries examined and also in terms of incorporating other societal and public health factors-towards a 'public health regime' analysis. PMID:19748149

Abdul Karim, Syahirah; Eikemo, Terje A; Bambra, Clare

2010-01-01

426

Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation  

E-print Network

A field evaluation study of user requirements for effective use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) is described. The study included several components including an analysis of potential users classified...

Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

1969-11-15

427

Development of vendor evaluation criteria and post-implementation considerations for MSFC center-wide executive information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In June 1991, the MITRE Corporation submitted a series of recommendations as part of a Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Management Information System Requirements Study, initiated by the Information Systems Office (ISO). A major recommendation of the study was to develop an Executive Information System (EIS) for MSFC executives. ISO was directed, by center management, to proceed with the development of a Center-Wide Executive Information System. Existing EIS prototypes, developed by the Space Shuttle Projects Office and the Payload Projects Office, were reviewed. These existing MSFC prototypes were considered not to encompass the required functionality needed on a center-wide basis. A follow-up study by MITRE provided top-level system requirements. These were later incorporated into a final requirements specification document by Boeing Computer Support Services.

Moynihan, Gary P.

1992-01-01

428

2012 Campus Influenza Clinic Information Norris Health Center in partnership with the College of Nursing, Union Marketing and Programming,  

E-print Network

2012 Campus Influenza Clinic Information Norris Health Center in partnership Housing will begin its Fall 2012 Campus Seasonal Influenza Clinics starting you can protect yourself from getting ill and avoid spreading influenza

Saldin, Dilano

429

Directrices para la Creacion del Centro Nacional de Informacion y Documentacion (Guidelines for the Creation of a National Information and Documentation Center).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses background information and guidelines for the creation of a national information and documentation center for the dissemination of scientific and technological information. The study first reports on information services in several other countries and the need for an information center in Venezuela; included are…

Menda Behrens, Eduardo

430

A Study of the Value of Information and the Effect on Value of Intermediary Organizations, Timeliness of Services & Products, and Comprehensiveness of the EDB. Volume 1: The Value of Libraries as an Intermediary Information Service; Volume 2: The Value of the Network Energy Software Center and the Radiation Shielding Information Center; Volume 3: The Effects of Timeliness and Comprehensiveness on Value.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports in three volumes the results of a series of surveys designed to: (1) determine what contribution intermediary information transfer organizations such as libraries and information analysis centers make to the value of information; (2) assess the value of two somewhat different software information analysis centers and the…

King Research, Inc., Rockville, MD.

431

Storage Information Management System (SIMS) Spaceflight Hardware Warehousing at Goddard Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) on site and leased warehouses contain thousands of items of ground support equipment (GSE) and flight hardware including spacecraft, scaffolding, computer racks, stands, holding fixtures, test equipment, spares, etc. The control of these warehouses, and the management, accountability, and control of the items within them, is accomplished by the Logistics Management Division. To facilitate this management and tracking effort, the Logistics and Transportation Management Branch, is developing a system to provide warehouse personnel, property owners, and managers with storage and inventory information. This paper will describe that PC-based system and address how it will improve GSFC warehouse and storage management.

Kubicko, Richard M.; Bingham, Lindy

1995-01-01

432

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex includes a new International Space Station-themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks. Other additions are a new information center, a walk-through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

433

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex includes a new International Space Station-themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks. Other additions are the new information center, a walk-through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

434

US Coast Guard GPS Information Center (GPSIC) and its function within the Civil GPS Service (CGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Positioning System Information Center (GPSIC) was created to provide civil users of the Global Positioning System with timely system status and other GPS satellite information. The GPSIC began providing basic services on a test and evaluation basis in March 1990. Since then we have improved these services, formalized the information gathering processes, and expanded GPSIC operations to meet GPS user needs. The GPSIC serves as a central point of contact for civil users to make their interests and needs known to the system operator, the Department of Defense (DOD) under the management of the U.S. Air Force. The GPSIC provides GPS information to civil users through Operational Advisory Broadcasts (OAB) containing GPS performance data. The OABs are disseminated through numerous sources including 24 hour access to a voice telephone recording and a computer bulletin board system (BBS). The GPSIC staff also responds to individual user inquiries, comments, or concerns about civil access to and use of the GPS during normal working hours. This paper provides an overview of the Civil GPS Service as well as the details of the type of information and services that are available through the GPSIC and how they can be obtained. It will also address the future expansion of GPSIC responsibilities.

Barndt, Luann

1992-01-01

435

Welfare-to-Work Policy: Employer Hiring and Retention of Former Welfare Recipients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the new U.S. welfare reform legislation is to move welfare recipients into jobs. There is widespread agreement that at least three components of this transition should be reflected in the measurement of a state's performance with respect to this objective: The percent of eligible TANF recipients who begin work; The percent of those beginning work who retain

David Stevens

2000-01-01

436

Welfare and Immigrants: Restricting the Eligibility of Legal Immigrants for Welfare Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes legal immigrants' participation rates in major welfare programs and discusses several proposals to eliminate or restrict eligibility of legal immigrants for welfare programs, including denying eligibility to long-term legal immigrants whose sponsors' income exceeds the median family income. Competition for low-skill jobs and the limited…

Mont, Daniel

1996-01-01

437

What has Welfare Reform Accomplished? Impacts on Welfare Participation, Employment, Income, Poverty, and Family Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of recent welfare reforms, investigating the effects of both state-specific waivers in the early 1990s and the 1996 federal reform legislation. Unlike earlier work, we analyze a wide array of indicators, including welfare participation, labor market involvement, earnings, income and poverty, and family formation. While no single methodology is entirely satisfying, the results in this

Robert F. Schoeni; Rebecca M. Blank

2000-01-01

438

On Welfare and Terror: Social Welfare Policies and Political-Economic Roots of Terrorism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that social welfare policies may reduce international and domestic terrorism. Social policies likely affect terrorism in offsetting ways but, on balance, should diminish preferences for terrorism by reducing economic insecurity, inequality, poverty, and religious-political extremism. Thus, countries with more generous welfare

Burgoon, Brian

2006-01-01

439

The Diversity of Welfare Leavers. Welfare, Children & Families: A Three City Study. Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report charts the experiences of women who have done better or worse than average after leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, highlighting differences in: education, health, and other characteristics; whether or not they were sanctioned before leaving; and welfare dependency (amount of time spent on welfare before leaving and off…

Moffitt, Robert; Roff, Jennifer

440

The Antarctic Geospatial Information Center: Three Years of Supporting Antarctic Science and Operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Founded in 2007, the Antarctic Geospatial Information Center (AGIC) is dedicated to supporting and promoting the United States Antarctic Program (USAP) by providing geospatial information to Antarctic science, operations, and education communities. Since its inception, AGIC contributes to Antarctic science in four significant ways: 1) by direct geospatial support of research groups to advance science, 2) by authoring maps and creating applications to facilitate better logistical support, 3) by serving as a data repository and clearinghouse for Antarctic geospatial data, 4) by providing expertise, analysis, and education to researchers, support staff, and students. This poster will showcase several products, tools, and services developed by AGIC in the past three years, including a collection of 150 ground control points in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and Ross Island, highly accurate maps in the McMurdo Sound region using satellite imagery, and an archive of historical USGS aerial photography accessed through a web-based search application.

Herried, B.; Morin, P. J.; Larue, M.; Porter, C.; Niebuhr, S.; Antarctic Geospatial Information Center

2010-12-01

441

Delivering health information services and technologies to urban community health centers: the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project.  

PubMed Central

Health professionals cannot address public health issues effectively unless they have immediate access to current biomedical information. This paper reports on one mode of access, the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project, which was supported by the National Library of Medicine through outreach awards in 1995 and 1996. The three-year project is an effort to link the programs and services of the University of Illinois at Chicago Library of the Health Sciences and the Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center with the clinic services of community-based organizations in Chicago. The project was designed to provide electronic access to AIDS-related information for AIDS patients, the affected community, and their care givers. The project also provided Internet access and training and continued access to library resources. The successful initiative suggests a working model for outreach to health professionals in an urban setting. PMID:9431424

Martin, E R; McDaniels, C; Crespo, J; Lanier, D

1997-01-01

442

A smart system for surveillance of animal welfare during transport.  

PubMed

New welfare regulations will impose surveillance systems so that information on the quality of transport conditions is available. Moreover a route description is useful for optimisation of transport logistics, but also in relation to estimating of sanitary risk and food safety, including traceability of individual animals. Therefore a transport surveillance system has been developed which is integrating the following information: individual identification of animals, (un)loading place and time, air quality (temperature, relative humidity, emissions), vibration and behaviour of the animals. These data are collected by telemetry and GPS, and are transmitted to a dispatch centre by GSM. Hence, information is available on-line and on disk, so that the driver can be informed and corrected at the spot. Dynamic route optimization of cattle collection from farms and logistical activities of abattoirs are considered in relation to animal welfare. Another instrumentation package that comprises sensors of heart rate and vibration on the animal has been integrated. These sensors can be mounted on animals and the data is transferred to a database through a wireless network. Comprehensive field measurement has been made to evaluate the system and found that the package performs well. Hence, advice will be generated for vehicle manufacturers, hauliers, farmers, slaughterhouses and retailers. PMID:14746056

Gebresenbet, G; Wikner, I; Van de Water, G; Freson, L; Geers, R

2003-12-01

443

Do welfare regimes influence the association between disability and self-perceived health? A multilevel analysis of 57 countries.  

PubMed

Disability is usually associated with poorer self-rated health. However, as many people with disabilities do not consider themselves unhealthy, the association may not be as straightforward as it appears. This study examines whether the relationship between disability and self-rated health is dependent on a country's welfare regime. Welfare regimes can play a significant role in securing the needs of disabled people and lessening their social exclusion. However, welfare regimes also label disabled people accordingly, before they become entitled to specific provisions and services. Being given a low status label and being dependent on welfare provisions might trigger a negative self-evaluation of health. Using data from 57 countries of the World Health Survey of 2002-2004, the multilevel regression analyses show that people with a disability tend to rate their health worse than people without any disability. Moreover, the strength of this negative association varies significantly across countries and is affected by a country's welfare regime. The association is the strongest in the various Welfare State regimes (mostly European countries) and the weakest in Informal-Security regimes (Latin-American and Asian countries) and in Insecurity regimes (African countries). Disabled people living in Welfare States regimes tend to rate their health worse than people in other regimes. These findings confirm that welfare regimes play a role in shaping the health perception of disabled people and that processes of labeling may result in unintended and negative consequences of welfare programs. Research on the nexus between disability and self-rated health that neglects this macro-social context of welfare regimes may lead to undifferentiated and even incorrect conclusions. PMID:25016461

Foubert, Josephine; Levecque, Katia; Van Rossem, Ronan; Romagnoli, Alessia

2014-09-01

444

Documentation and evaluation of adverse drug reactions (ADR)--contribution from a poison information center.  

PubMed

The Department of Clinical Pharmacology in Jena is a pharmacovigilance center in a study on intensified spontaneous adverse drug reaction reporting. Physicians specialized in clinical pharmacology screen admissions to the Department of Internal Medicine for possible adverse drug reactions. Because of the collaboration between the Pharmacology Department and the nearby Poison Information Center (PIC) in Erfurt the question occurred whether the latter might contribute to adverse drug reaction monitoring. We compared the ADR registered by the intensified spontaneous reporting system in 1999 with those of the PIC during the same period. Each symptom observed was regarded as 1 case. Every suspected drug was also treated separately. The symptoms were classified using adverse reaction terminology. The drugs were classified according to the WHO Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification index. The causality assessment was based upon bibliographic data and the method of Bégaud et al. [1985]. Only possible, probable or very probable ADR were compared. The PIC registered mainly psychiatric and nervous system disorders sedation and extrapyramidal disorders were the most frequent reactions - unlike the pharmacovigilance study which registered primarily gastrointestinal and heart rate disorders. The PIC registered mainly drugs used in the therapy of disorders of the central nervous system, i.e. mostly psycholeptics and drugs acting on the alimentary tract, mostly anticholinergics. Drugs for the therapy of sensory organs disorders were frequent owing to the systemic and local adverse drug effects of anticholinergic mydriatics. The PIC and pharmacovigilance centers can benefit from co-operation. The PIC provides easy access to qualified drug information and is thus a useful tool in ADR evaluation. Although the number of adverse reactions assessed was small, their evaluation revealed problems in drug usage which would not otherwise be reported. The evaluation has enlarged the pool of ADR data which is the basis for signal detection. PMID:11911597

Mey, C; Hentschel, H; Hippius, M; Balogh, A

2002-03-01

445

The Johnson Space Center Management Information Systems (JSCMIS): An interface for organizational databases  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Management Information and Decision Support Environment (MIDSE) is a research activity to build and test a prototype of a generic human interface on the Johnson Space Center (JSC) Information Network (CIN). The existing interfaces were developed specifically to support operations rather than the type of data which management could use. The diversity of the many interfaces and their relative difficulty discouraged occasional users from attempting to use them for their purposes. The MIDSE activity approached this problem by designing and building an interface to one JSC data base - the personnel statistics tables of the NASA Personnel and Payroll System (NPPS). The interface was designed against the following requirements: generic (use with any relational NOMAD data base); easy to learn (intuitive operations for new users); easy to use (efficient operations for experienced users); self-documenting (help facility which informs users about the data base structure as well as the operation of the interface); and low maintenance (easy configuration to new applications). A prototype interface entitled the JSC Management Information Systems (JSCMIS) was produced. It resides on CIN/PROFS and is available to JSC management who request it. The interface has passed management review and is ready for early use. Three kinds of data are now available: personnel statistics, personnel register, and plan/actual cost.

Bishop, Peter C.; Erickson, Lloyd

1990-01-01

446

US Coast Guard GPS Information Center (GPSIC) and its function within the Civil GPS Service (CGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1987, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) formally requested that the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) take responsibility for providing an office that would respond to nonmilitary user needs for GPS information, data, and assistance. DOT accepted this responsibility and in February 1989, named the Coast Guard as their lead agency for the project. Since that time, the U.S. Coast Guard has worked with the U.S. Space Command to develop requirements and implement a plan for providing the requested interface with the civil GPS community. The Civil GPS Service (CGS) consists of four main elements: GPS Information Center (GPSIC) - provides GPS status information to civilian users of the system: Civil GPS Service Interface Committee (CGSIC) - established to identify civil GPS user technical information needs in support of the CGS program; Differential GPS (DGPS) - Coast Guard Research and Development Project; and PPS Program Office (PPSPO) - (Under development) will administer the program allowing qualified civil users to have access to the PPS signal. Details about the services these organizations provide are described.

1993-01-01

447

National Roundtable on Outcome Measures in Child Welfare Services (2nd, San Antonio, Texas, April 7-9, 1994): Summary of the Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second annual roundtable represents an on-going effort to share knowledge and information and to develop a common agenda and measure the achievement outcomes in child welfare. This roundtable's goals included: (1) reviewing and selecting appropriate outcomes for children and families in child welfare systems; (2) building understanding of a…

American Humane Association, Englewood, CO. Children's Div.

448

Long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center: Information for base realignment  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes and discusses the results obtained during 1992 from the study of long-billed curlews on the Yakima Training Center (YTC), which Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted for the US Department of the Army. This study was initiated to provide basic ecological information on YTC long-billed curlews (Numenius americanus). The long-billed curlew is a relatively common spring and summer resident on the YTC. However, other than casual observations, very little is known about the distribution, density, reproductive success, and habitat requirements for this species on the YTC. Until recently the long-billed curlew was a US Fish and Wildlife Service candidate for listing as threatened or endangered; however, on November 21, 1991 it was down-listed to Class IIIc. The Washington Department of Wildlife lists the long-billed curlew as a ``species of special concern.`` Specific objectives of this study were to (1) locate nesting areas, (2) locate brood-rearing areas, (3) evaluate habitat requirements, (4) determine diet, (5) evaluate response to troop activities, (6) evaluate the impact of livestock grazing, (7) estimate the population size, and (8) estimate recruitment rates. Six curlews (four females and two males) were captured and fitted with radio transmitters. These birds were relocated to obtain nesting, habitat use, and feeding information. Road surveys conducted over most of the YTC provided information on the bird`s general distribution, habitat requirements, and nesting and brood-rearing areas.

Hand, K.D.; Cadwell, L.L.; Eberhardt, L.E.

1994-02-01

449

Longitudinal trends in organophosphate incidents reported to the National Pesticide Information Center, 1995–2007  

PubMed Central

Background Regulatory decisions to phase-out the availability and use of common organophosphate pesticides among the general public were announced in 2000 and continued through 2004. Based on revised risk assessments, chlorpyrifos and diazinon were determined to pose unacceptable risks. To determine the impact of these decisions, organophosphate (OP) exposure incidents reported to the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) were analyzed for longitudinal trends. Methods Non-occupational human exposure incidents reported to NPIC were grouped into pre- (1995–2000) and post-announcement periods (2001–2007). The number of total OP exposure incidents, as well as reports for chlorpyrifos, diazinon and malathion, were analyzed for significant differences between these two periods. The number of informational inquiries from the general public was analyzed over time as well. Results The number of average annual OP-related exposure incidents reported to NPIC decreased significantly between the pre- and post-announcement periods (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in the number of chlorpyrifos and diazinon reports was observed over time (p < 0.001). No significant difference in the number of incident reports for malathion was observed (p = 0.4), which was not phased-out of residential use. Similar to exposure incidents, the number of informational inquiries received by NPIC declined over time following the phase-out announcement. Conclusion Consistent with other findings, the number of chlorpyrifos and diazinon exposure incidents reported to NPIC significantly decreased following public announcement and targeted regulatory action. PMID:19379510

2009-01-01

450

User-centered requirements engineering in health information systems: a study in the hemophilia field.  

PubMed

The use of sophisticated information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the health care domain is a way to improve the quality of services. However, there are also hazards associated with the introduction of ICTs in this domain and a great number of projects have failed due to the lack of systematic consideration of human and other non-technology issues throughout the design or implementation process, particularly in the requirements engineering process. This paper presents the methodological approach followed in the design process of a web-based information system (WbIS) for managing the clinical information in hemophilia care, which integrates the values and practices of user-centered design (UCD) activities into the principles of software engineering, particularly in the phase of requirements engineering (RE). This process followed a paradigm that combines a grounded theory for data collection with an evolutionary design based on constant development and refinement of the generic domain model using three well-known methodological approaches: (a) object-oriented system analysis; (b) task analysis; and, (c) prototyping, in a triangulation work. This approach seems to be a good solution for the requirements engineering process in this particular case of the health care domain, since the inherent weaknesses of individual methods are reduced, and emergent requirements are easier to elicit. Moreover, the requirements triangulation matrix gives the opportunity to look across the results of all used methods and decide what requirements are critical for the system success. PMID:21075471

Teixeira, Leonor; Ferreira, Carlos; Santos, Beatriz Sousa

2012-06-01

451

Value-added Data Services at the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), in addition to serving the Earth Science community as one of the major Distributed Active Archives Centers (DAACs), provides much more than just data. Among the value-added services available to general users are subsetting data spatially and/or by parameter, online analysis (to avoid downloading unnecessarily all the data), and assistance in obtaining data from other centers. Services available to data producers and high-volume users include consulting on building new products with standard formats and metadata and construction of data management systems. A particularly useful service is data processing at the DISC (i.e., close to the input data) with the users algorithm. This can take a number of different forms: as a configuration-managed algorithm within the main processing stream; as a stand-alone program next to the on-line data storage; as build-it-yourself code within the Near-Archive Data Mining (NADM) system; or as an on-the-fly analysis with simple algorithms embedded into the web-based tools. Partnerships between the GES DISC and scientists, both producers and users, allow the scientists to concentrate on science, while the GES DISC handles the data management, e.g., formats, integration, and data processing. The existing data management infrastructure at the GES DISC supports a wide spectrum of options: from simple data support to sophisticated on-line analysis tools, producing economies of scale and rapid time-to-deploy. At the same time, such partnerships allow the GES DISC to serve the user community more efficiently and to better prioritize on-line holdings. Several examples of successful partnerships are described in the presentation.

Leptoukh, Gregory G.; Alcott, Gary T.; Kempler, Steven J.; Lynnes, Christopher S.; Vollmer, Bruce E.

2004-01-01

452

Climate information products for users: Examples from the German Climate Service Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009, the German Federal Government (BMBF) established the German Climate Service Center (CSC) as part of the Hightech-Strategy for protection against climate change and the German Adaptation Strategy. The fundamental objective of the CSC is to support society (business, administration) to cope with climate risks and opportunities. In the first five years, the CSC developed a set of tools and products in order to provide climate information to users. These products were mostly developed in close cooperation with the customers and are therefore sector-specific and tailored to the actual users needs. In the presentation a selection of those user-tailored climate service products such as Climate-Fact-Sheets or Climate Signal Maps will be introduced and their application will be highlighted.

Hänsler, Andreas; Jacob, Daniela; Brasseur, Guy; Pfeifer, Susanne; Rechid, Diana; Hennemuth, Barbara; Keup-Thiel, Elke

2014-05-01

453

Development of a Comprehensive Surgical Information System at Madigan Army Medical Center.  

PubMed

The Operative Registry (DA Form 4108) has been the information source for surgical data supporting quality assurance and utilization review efforts at Madigan Army Medical Center. Recently, Madigan's requirements for data and reporting changed. Like other government medical facilities, Madigan began pervasive quality-improvement efforts. This resulted in new ideas to measure hospital performance. Consequently, requirements for surgical data required to support quality and resource management reporting, utilization review, residency review reporting, research and credentialing changed. This article details Madigan's approach to addressing these requirements via development of a comprehensive computing solution. It discusses Madigan's fragmented data environment before system development, and gives the reader perspective on the decision-making process that led to system development rather than purchasing a commercial product. Finally, the article describes how a strong partnership between staff and developers was key to providing a solution that exceeded established goals. PMID:8637644

Westbrook, M L; Dunn, S E; Wilcox-Riggs, S

1996-03-01

454

National Center for Biotechnology Information: HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, a collaborative project between the between the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, the Southern Research Institute, and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). The project is "designed to compile a comprehensive database of the described interactions between HIV-1 and cellular proteins. The goal of this project is to provide scientists in the field of HIV / AIDS research a concise, yet detailed, summary of all known interactions of HIV-1 proteins with host cell proteins, other HIV-1 proteins, or proteins from disease organisms associated with HIV/AIDS." The website links to Project Data including Reports, HIV-1 Data, and PubMed Queries. Links are also available for several NCBI resources including LocusLink, Retroviruses, HIV Genotyping, and Gene. The site invites feedback from the scientific community and provides an electronic submission form for updates.

455

Electronic Privacy Information Center (Last reviewed in The Scout Report on June 13, 1997)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) was started in 1994, there were already substantial privacy issues surrounding the collection and use of electronic data at play. Since that time, such issues have grown exponentially in their scope, and EPIC continues to perform valuable research in the area. A good place to start exploring their site is right on the homepage, namely their collection of resources on domestic surveillance. Here visitors can read white papers, view letters from government officials on these programs, and also listen to speeches on the subject. For their own personal protection, visitors may want to look over the practical privacy tools offered here, such as anonymous surfing applications and secure instant messaging. Additionally, the "Policy Issues" section contains helpful resources and news updates on free speech, voting, and a privacy "A to Z" primer.

456

Terrestrial Hydrological Data from NASA's Hydrology Data and Information Services Center (HDISC): Products, Services, and Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Terrestrial hydrological variables are important in global hydrology, climate, and carbon cycle studies. The North American and Global Land Data Assimilation Systems (NLDAS and GLDAS, respectively) have been generating a series of land surface states (soil moisture, snow, and temperature) and fluxes (evapotranspiration, radiation, and heat flux) variables. These data, hosted at and available from NASA s Hydrology Data and Information Services Center (HDISC), include the NLDAS hourly 1/8 degree products and the GLDAS 3-hourly 0.25 and 1.0 degree products. HDISC provides easy access and visualization and analysis capabilities for these products, thus reducing the time and resources spent by scientists on data management and facilitating hydrological research. Users can perform spatial and parameter subsetting, data format transformation, and data analysis operations without needing to first download the data. HDISC is continually being developed as a data and services portal that supports weather and climate forecasts, and water and energy cycle research.

Fang, Hongliang; Beaudoing, Hiroko K.; Mocko, David M.; Rodell, Matthew; Teng, Bill; Vollmer, Bruce

2010-01-01

457

The newly expanded KSC Visitors Complex features a new ticket plaza, information center, exhibits an  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Part of the Robot Scouts exhibit in the $13 million expansion to KSC's Visitor Complex, this display offers a view of how data from robotic probes might be used to build a human habitat for Mars. Visitors witness a simulated Martian sunset. Other new additions include and information center, a walk-through Robot Scouts exhibit, a wildlife exhibit, and the film Quest for Life in a new 300-seat theater, plus an International Space Station- themed ticket plaza, featuring a structure of overhanging solar panels and astronauts performing assembly tasks. The KSC Visitor Complex was inaugurated three decades ago and is now one of the top five tourist attractions in Florida. It is located on S.R. 407, east of I-95, within the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge.

1999-01-01

458

29 CFR 2510.3-1 - Employee welfare benefit plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...employee welfare benefit plan” and “welfare plan” shall not include the distribution of gifts such as turkeys or hams by an employer to employees at Christmas and other holiday seasons. (e) Sales to employees. For purposes of title I of...

2012-07-01

459

29 CFR 2510.3-1 - Employee welfare benefit plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...employee welfare benefit plan” and “welfare plan” shall not include the distribution of gifts such as turkeys or hams by an employer to employees at Christmas and other holiday seasons. (e) Sales to employees. For purposes of title I of...

2014-07-01

460

The Effect of Welfare Reform on Childbirth, Marriage, and Divorce  

E-print Network

This dissertation contains two essays on the effect of welfare reform on child- birth, marriage, and divorce. In the first essay, I exploit the cross state variation in welfare reform implementation to identify its effect on birth rates. The results...

Pakdeethai, Pimrak

2010-10-12

461

Estimating Welfare In Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices  

E-print Network

We provide a graphical illustration of how standard consumer and producer theory can be used to quantify the welfare loss associated with inefficient pricing in insurance markets with selection. We then show how this welfare ...

Finkelstein, Amy

462

29 CFR 2510.3-1 - Employee welfare benefit plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the terms “employee welfare benefit plan” and “welfare plan” shall not include the distribution of gifts such as turkeys or hams by an employer to employees at Christmas and other holiday seasons. (e) Sales to employees. For purposes of...

2013-07-01

463

29 CFR 2510.3-1 - Employee welfare benefit plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the terms “employee welfare benefit plan” and “welfare plan” shall not include the distribution of gifts such as turkeys or hams by an employer to employees at Christmas and other holiday seasons. (e) Sales to employees. For purposes of...

2011-07-01

464

Essays on the political economy of welfare and redistribution  

E-print Network

This dissertation explores two main puzzles. First, why do some countries have more generous welfare policies than others? Second, why do some people support welfare policies more than others? This collection of essays ...

Roh, Jungho

2011-01-01

465

Spurious welfare reversals in international business cycle models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several papers have documented spurious welfare reversals: incomplete-markets economy produces a higher level of welfare than the complete-markets economy. This paper first demonstrates how conventional linearization can generate approximation errors that can result in welfare reversals. Using a two-country production economy, we argue that spurious welfare reversals are not only possible but also plausible under reasonable values for model parameters.

Jinill Kim; Sunghyun Henry Kim

2003-01-01

466

Estimating the Potential Annual Welfare Impact of Innovative Drugs in Use in Switzerland  

PubMed Central

Expenditures of health care systems are increasing from year to year. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the difference in costs and benefits of innovative pharmaceuticals launched 2000 onward compared to standard treatment on the national economy of Switzerland in 2010. The approach and formula described in the pilot study by Tsiachristas et al. (1), which analyzed the situation of welfare effects in the Netherlands, served as a model for our own calculations. A literature search was performed to identify cost–utility or cost-effectiveness studies of drugs launched 2000 onward compared to standard treatment. All parameters required for the calculation of welfare effects were derived from these analyses. The base-case threshold value of a quality-adjusted life year was set to CHF 100,000. Overall, 31 drugs were included in the welfare calculations. The introduction of innovative pharmaceuticals since 2000 onward to the Swiss market led to a potential welfare gain of about CHF 781 million in the year 2010. Univariate sensitivity analysis showed that results were robust. Probably because of the higher benefits of new drugs on health and quality of life compared to standard treatment, these drugs are worth the higher costs. The literature search revealed that there is a lack of information about the effects of innovative pharmaceuticals on the overall economy of Switzerland. Our study showed that potential welfare gains in 2010 by introducing innovative pharmaceuticals to the Swiss market were substantial. Considering costs and benefits of new drugs is important. PMID:24904912

Pavic, Matea; Pfeil, Alena M.; Szucs, Thomas D.

2014-01-01

467

A Cost-Savings Analysis of a Statewide Parenting Education Program in Child Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article presents a cost-savings analysis of the statewide implementation of an evidence-informed parenting education program. Methods: Between the years 2005 and 2008, the state of Louisiana used the Nurturing Parenting Program (NPP) to impart parenting skills to child welfare-involved families. Following these families' outcomes…

Maher, Erin J.; Corwin, Tyler W.; Hodnett, Rhenda; Faulk, Karen

2012-01-01

468

Fire Setting Behavior in a Child Welfare System: Prevalence, Characteristics and Co-Occurring Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fire setting is one of the most challenging behaviors for the child welfare system. However, existing knowledge about its prevalence and correlates has been limited to research on single programs. The Illinois Department of Children and Family Services initiated a uniform assessment process at entry into state custody using a trauma-informed

Lyons, John S.; McClelland, Gary; Jordan, Neil

2010-01-01

469

Rural Public Welfare: Observations from West Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public welfare agency is a major influence in rural community life. It is the service delivery mechanism for medical care, cash aid, food stamps, and many other kinds of life-or-death assistance. It is significant in local economies and its employees are influential in communities where well-educated people are scarce. (JHZ)

Ginsberg, Leon H.

1984-01-01

470

Welfare Reform: Implications for the Black Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The centerpiece of the 1988 Family Support Act (FSA) is the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) Act, which directs states to provide a broad range of educational, training, and employment services. FSA offers states an opportunity to design humane and effective programs to assist welfare recipients to move out of poverty. FSA also has…

McLaughlin, Megan E.

471

Global Perspectives on Child Welfare. Preface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the effects of a global perspective on awareness of issues affecting child welfare worldwide, including warfare, land mines, AIDS, child labor, child sexual exploitation, and immigration. Considers programs and policies from other countries, including nongovernmental organizations, that can be replicated worldwide to better children's…

Pasztor, Eileen Mayers; McFadden, Emily Jean

2001-01-01

472

Welfare dynamics in rural Kenya and Madagascar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents comparative qualitative and quantitative evidence from rural Kenya and Madagascar in an attempt to untangle the causality behind persistent poverty. We find striking differences in welfare dynamics depending on whether one uses total income, including stochastic terms and inevitable measurement error, or the predictable, structural component of income based on a household's asset holdings. Our results suggest

Christopher B. Barrett; Paswel Phiri Marenya; John Mcpeak; Bart Minten; Festus Murithi; Willis Oluoch-Kosura; Jean Claude Randrianarisoa; Jhon Rasambainarivo; Justine Wangila

2006-01-01

473

Summary: Ecosystem Services and Human Welfare  

EPA Science Inventory

The ecosystem services paradigm is a framework conceived to engage support among people, especially policy- and decision-makers, for the recognition that human welfare, prosperity, security, and well-being are intrinsically linked to the health of the environment. Simply stated, ...

474

Shaping Child Welfare Policy via Performance Measurement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance measurement is generally depicted as a neutral, technical exercise providing objective data for decision-making. But it also has a normative role in framing policy problems and solutions. This article explores the role of indicators in shaping child welfare, comparing stated policy with performance indicator regimes in England. It…

Tilbury, Clare

2007-01-01

475

SWINE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: ANIMAL WELFARE CONSIDERATIONS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A general public perception is that it is easy to visualize when an animals welfare is adequate. Scientifically, this determination is quite difficult. The difficulty resides in our ability to objectively assess the animals physical and psychological state; as well as to determine the difference b...

476

Welfare and Child Support: Complements, Not Substitutes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most states, child support paid on behalf of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants is used to offset TANF and child support administrative expenditures; this policy primarily benefits taxpayers. In contrast, Wisconsin allowed most custodial parents to keep all support paid on their behalf. This policy, which treats welfare

Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Caspar, Emma

2008-01-01

477

From Welfare to Work: The Endorsement of the Money Ethic and the Work Ethic among Welfare Recipients, Welfare Recipients in Training Programs, and Employed Past Welfare Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work-related attitudes of 164 welfare recipients, 159 recipients in job training, and 158 employed former recipients were compared. Those employed had the highest scores in money ethic, work ethic, and self-esteem; higher education and income; and longer job tenure. Recipients not in training had the least positive money and work ethic. (Contains…

Tang, Thomas Li-Ping; Smith-Brandon, Vancie L.

2001-01-01

478

Transgenic Animals: Their Benefits To Human Welfare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The issue-focused, reviewed, student article is about how transgenic animals, i.e., engineered to carry genes from other species, have the potential to improve human welfare in: agriculture, such as larger sheep that grow more wool, medicine, such as cows that produce insulin in their milk, andindustry, such as goats that produce spider silk for materials production.

Endang Tri Margawati (Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia;)

2003-01-01

479

Work, Welfare, and Family Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more families move from welfare to work, little is known about the implications of employment for family well-being. This survey and case study examined the effects of employment on the economic, social, and emotional well-being of parents, children, and families. Survey respondents received assistance through Iowa's Family Investment Program…

Sing, Merrile; Hill, Heather; Mendenko, Linda

480

Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the economics literature on welfare reform over the 1990s. A brief summary of the policy changes over this period is followed by a discussion of the methodological techniques utilized to analyze the effects of these changes on outcomes. The paper then critically reviews the econometric and experimental literature on caseload changes, labor force changes, poverty and income

Rebecca M. Blank

2002-01-01

481

Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States  

E-print Network

1 Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States Rebecca M. Blank University of Michigan and NBER the United States fundamentally changed the structure of its public assistance programs to low, labor force changes, poverty and income changes, and family formation changes. A growing body

Shyy, Wei

482

School Inequality and the Welfare State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book begins with an examination of school inequality in the United States. The discussion focuses successively on the issues of: the paradox of unequal schools in a welfare state, the distribution of educational resources in American cities: some new empirical evidence, inequalities in the allocation of educational resources among cities and…

Owen, John D.

483

APPROACHING THE LIMIT: EARLY NATIONAL LESSONS FROM WELFARE REFORM  

E-print Network

controversial social policies of recent times. A Democratic president abandoned welfare reform legislationAPPROACHING THE LIMIT: EARLY NATIONAL LESSONS FROM WELFARE REFORM Sheldon Danziger University of Welfare Reform. Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2001. Sheldon Danziger is Henry J

Shyy, Wei

484

Will Social Welfare Expenditures Survive Tax Competition&quest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing economic openness creates demands for social welfare programmes designed to cushion the impact of economic changes, but may also encourage governments to reduce tax rates to attract mobile economic resources. Competitive tax reductions could then prevent governments from being able to finance significant welfare spending. Alternatively, economic globalization might improve the ability of governments to afford social welfare programmes--and

JAMES R. HINES JR

2006-01-01

485

Indicators of Welfare Dependence. Annual Report to Congress, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fourth annual report addresses the extent to which U.S. families depend on income from welfare programs, providing updated data on measures of welfare recipiency, dependency, and predictors of welfare dependence developed for previous reports. It highlights benefits under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), now Temporary…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

486

Pupil Welfare in Finnish Schools -- Communal or Falling Apart?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for pupil welfare has increased in schools as has the need to renew the traditional teacher's work. The purpose of this article is to find out how committed the teachers are to pupil welfare work and how the school organisation supports pupil welfare work structurally and practically. The original research was carried out in northern…

Koskela, Teija; Määttä, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu

2013-01-01

487

Governmental and Nongovernmental Youth Welfare in the New German Lander.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of the general conditions of youth welfare departments in eastern Germany revealed severe money shortages. Increasing demands on youth welfare, rising social problems, right-wing extremism, and widespread unemployment among youths cause long-term social problems and prohibit effective youth welfare. (RJM)

Gawlik, Marion; And Others

1994-01-01

488

The Legacy of Welfare: Economic Endowments or Cultural Characteristics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study explores the impact of parental welfare history on individuals' current use of welfare by decomposing intergenerational differences using techniques traditionally employed in the race and sex wage discrimination literature. This research extends Rank and Cheng's examination of welfare across generations by including various…

Bartholomae, Suzanne; Fox, Jonathan J.; McKenry, Patrick C.

2004-01-01

489

Progress in assessing animal welfare in relation to new legislation: opportunities for behavioural researchers.  

PubMed

Recent revisions to international legislation and guidelines on the care and use of animals in research and testing emphasise the importance of minimising suffering and improving welfare. Achieving this requires effective systems for recognising, recording, analysing and assessing animal behaviour, in order to identify relevant indicators of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm so that any suffering can be rapidly recognised and ameliorated. Behavioural researchers can assist by disseminating information on developments in techniques and approaches for recognising, observing, monitoring, analysing and interpreting behaviour, both within their own facilities and more widely. They can also help to facilitate better welfare assessment by continuing to develop systems for measuring behaviours - including indicators of positive welfare - while also ensuring that harms within behavioural research are minimised. PMID:24565951

Hawkins, Penny

2014-08-30

490

Role of health information technologies in the Patient-centered Medical Home.  

PubMed

A national effort to reform primary care, known as the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH), requires fulfillment of six standards determined by the National Committee for Quality Assurance to (1) enhance access and continuity, (2) identify and manage patient populations, (3) plan and manage care, (4) provide self-care and community support, (5) track and coordinate care, and (6) measure and improve performance. Information technologies play a vital role in the support of most, if not all, of these standards. However, given the newness of the PCMH, little is known on how health information technologies (HITs) have been employed to accomplish these objectives. This article will review the role of HITs, including electronic health records, web-based patient portals, telemedicine, and patient registries, with a focus on diabetes care, and how these technologies have been engaged in the establishment of the PCMH. In addition, we will discuss the benefits and potential risks and barriers to employing these technologies, including privacy and security concerns, as well as describe next steps for future work in this important area. PMID:24124967

Kraschnewski, Jennifer L; Gabbay, Robert A

2013-09-01

491

Challenges of welfare-to-work programs.  

PubMed

Governmental expectations of placement outcomes were often high given the severity of work barriers that were present in disabled welfare recipients in the United States [11]. The purpose of this article is to identify challenges that were inherent in welfare-to-work programs and solutions to these challenges. Although rich with opportunity, welfare-to-work programs presented the challenge of employing large numbers of difficult-to-employ individuals before their public assistance benefits expired\\cite{5}. Many clients also had symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) secondary to childhood physical or sexual abuse (59%) or severe domestic violence (55%) [8]. Few funds were available for work training and education. Instead, the employment-first model was expected even though most consumers did not have a high school diploma, had not worked in years, and were fearful and resistant about returning to work [3]. Performance based payment systems presented a challenge because the program's future depended on the compliance of its consumers. There was an impetus for substance abusers to return to work even if they were still using drugs, which contradicted the teachings of many recovery models. This paper presents possible solutions to each of these problems and reports outcomes of one particular welfare-to-work program. By examining the challenges of welfare-to-work programs, by identifying solutions, and by realizing that these solutions are inherent in the basic principles of rehabilitation, this article provides therapists with tools and motivation to make unique contributions to this area of practice. PMID:21248419

Precin, Patricia

2011-01-01

492

Moving People from Welfare to Work: Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The findings of the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) were analyzed to identify ways of improving the process of moving people from welfare to work. Selected lessons from the analysis were as follows: (1) welfare-to-work programs that rely on adult basic education programs for the general population are unlikely to improve…

Hamilton, Gayle

493

Partnership with informal education learning centers to develop hands-on activities for research outreach efforts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Outreach informed by scientific research plays an important role in fostering interest in science by making science and scientists accessible, fun, and interesting. Developing an interest in science in young, elementary-aged students through outreach is a rewarding endeavor for researchers, in that audiences are usually receptive, requirements for broader impacts are met, and bonds are formed between researchers and members of their local and surrounding communities. Promoting such interest among young students is imperative not only for an individual researcher's own self interest, but also for the strength of American science and innovation moving forward, and is the responsibility of the current generation of scientists. Developing genuine and successful inquiry-based, hands-on activities for elementary-aged students is outside the expertise of many researchers. Partnering with an informal education learning center (i.e. science museum or after-school program) provides researchers with the expertise they might be lacking in such endeavors. Here, we present a series of polar-, engineering- and microbiology-themed hands-on activities that have been developed by researchers at a government lab in partnership with a local science museum. Through a series of workshops, the science education staff at the museum provided researchers with background and instruction on inquiry and hands-on activities, and then collaborated with the researchers to develop activities which were later demonstrated at the museum to museum-goers. Education staff provided feedback about the presentation of the activities for further refinement. The program provided an opportunity for researchers to develop fun, on-target and age-appropriate science activities for elementary-aged students, an audience for outreach, and enabled general public audiences the chance to interact with researchers and scientists in an informal setting.

Courville, Z.; Haynes, R.; DeFrancis, G.; Koh, S.; Ringelberg, D.

2012-12-01

494

IT Center Strategic Planning The IT Center enables leveraging of information technology to enhance the student experience, facilitate teaching,  

E-print Network

efficiency. Strategic Priorities Customer Satisfaction · Provide base services to meet essential constituent needs with a high degree of customer satisfaction. · Do not gold-plate and do not expend resources. · Select initiatives that can achieve customer satisfaction. · Leverage information technology to improve

Dyer, Bill

495

Informational Flyer for the Patient-Centered Communication in Cancer Care monograph  

Cancer.gov

National Cancer Institute PATIENT-CENTERED COMMUNICATION IN CANCER CARE Promoting Healing and Reducing Suffering U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEAL TH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health PATIENT-CENTERED COMMUNICATION IN CANCER CARE Promoting

496

76 FR 17149 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request for North American Reporting Center for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for North American Reporting Center for Amphibian Malformations (NARCAM) AGENCY: U...USGS North American Reporting Center for Amphibian Malformations (NARCAM). This notice...has collected voluntary data regarding amphibian malformations. Sightings are...

2011-03-28

497

A Survey of Chinese Citizens’ Perceptions on Farm Animal Welfare  

PubMed Central

Farm animal welfare has been gradually recognized as an important issue in most parts of the world. In China, domestic animals were traditionally raised in backyard and treated as an important component of family wealth. Industrialization of animal production brings forth the farm animal welfare concerns recently in China, yet the modern concept of animal welfare has not been publicized and a comprehensive recognition on how consumers and farmers perceive animal welfare is lacking. Therefore, we conducted a survey on public opinions toward farm animal welfare in China, based on pigs (including sows, piglets, and fattening pigs), domestic fowls (including layers and broilers) and their products. From 6,006 effective questionnaires approximately two thirds of the respondents had never heard of ‘animal welfare’; 72.9% of the respondents claimed that, for the sake of animal derived food safety, human beings should improve the rearing conditions for pigs and domestic fowls; 65.8% of the respondents totally or partly agreed on establishing laws to improve animal welfare; more than half of the respondents were willing, or to some extent willing, to pay more for high-welfare animal products, whereas 45.5% of the respondents were not willing or reluctant to pay more. In summary, farm animal welfare is still in its early stage of development and more efforts are needed to improve the public conception to animal welfare in the process of establishing farm animal welfare standards and legislations in China. PMID:25314159

You, Xiaolin; Li, Yibo; Zhang, Min; Yan, Huoqi; Zhao, Ruqian

2014-01-01

498

Karl Marx ReturningThe Welfare State and Neo-Marxist, Corporatist and Statist Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades the prevailing postwar political theory paradigm of pluralism has been strongly challenged by other approaches, such as neo-Marxism, Corporatist theory, and a state-centered approach. After the exhaustion of the first wave of neo- Marxism, the 1980s have seen the development of an empirical neo-Marxism Mark II, largely focusing on comparative welfare state research. A critical

Göran Therborn

1986-01-01

499

BIOETHICS SYMPOSIUM II: current factors influencing perceptions of animals and their welfare.  

PubMed

To address escalating concerns about livestock animal care and welfare it is necessary to better understand the factors that may predispose people to develop such concerns. It has been hypothesized that experiences with, beliefs about, and emotional connections to animals may influence level of perceived obligation toward and therefore concern for animals. However, the extent to which people's classifications of animals and their status as pet owners may impact their views on food animal care and welfare practices remains unclear. An online survey of 798 U.S. households was therefore conducted in June 2012 to understand differences in consumer sentiment towards various animal species, classification of certain species (as pet, livestock or neither), and variations in food animal welfare concerns between dog and/or cat owners and those who do not own such species. Sixty-six percent of households in the survey owned at least 1 animal. Forty-eight percent owned dogs, 41% owned cats, 3% owned horses, and 10% owned other animals. As expected, dogs and cats were classified by most respondents (90%) as pets. Most respondents similarly categorized rabbits (58%) and horses (55%) as pets, although consensus was not found for horses with 27% classifying them as livestock animals and 18% as neither pets nor livestock. Over 80% of respondents classified beef cows, dairy cows, pigs, chickens, and turkeys as livestock. The majority of survey respondents were opposed to eating cats and dogs followed closely by horses due to ethical and/or spiritual reasons. Dog and/or cat owners more often reported having a source for animal welfare information (68%) than those who did not own these species (49%). Additionally, dog and/or cat owners were more concerned about food animal welfare for both domestically raised food animals and those raised outside the United States (dog and/or cat owners mean level of concern was 3.88 for domestic animal welfare and 5.16 for those raised outside the United States compared with non-dog or -cat owners with means of 4.46 and 5.46, respectively). Although a causal relationship cannot be established, pet ownership and increased concern for food animal welfare appear to be correlated. These data suggest that increased interest in protecting food animals may stem from interactions with and emotional connections to pets, especially when combined with other factors such as having a source for animal welfare information, education level, age, and gender. PMID:24671600

McKendree, M G S; Croney, C C; Olynk Widmar, N J

2014-05-01

500

Scheme for realizing quantum-information storage and retrieval from quantum memory based on nitrogen-vacancy centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate a scheme for realizing quantum-information storage (retrieval) into (from) a quantum memory using a hybrid quantum system, which consists of N nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers (as memory), N transmission line resonators (TLRs) (as data bus), and N current-biased Josephson-junction (CBJJ) superconducting phase qubits (as heads of read and write). By virtually exciting the vibrational modes of the TLRs, this can produce an effective coupling between the N-V centers and the CBJJs in the system. Because the operation time (˜10-8 s) is much shorter than the decoherence time of the CBJJ (˜10-5 s), the quantum information can be transferred between the N-V centers and the CBJJs easily. Owing to the strong-coupling condition [?/2??(?eg,?,??)] and the long coherence time (˜10-3 s) of the N-V centers, the quantum information can be stored in the memory steadily, and it can be retrieved with a high fidelity (>96%). This scheme provides a scalable way of exchanging quantum information between different quantum interfaces, and has the experimental feasibility with currently available experimental technology.

Zhao, Yu-Jing; Fang, Xi-Ming; Zhou, Fang; Song, Ke-Hui

2012-11-01