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1

Perception of foreign cigarettes and their advertising in China: a study of college students from 12 universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo examine how deeply foreign cigarette advertising had penetrated the Chinese market when a new ban on cigarette advertising was enacted in February 1995.DESIGNA survey using self-completion questionnaires administered in college classrooms from November 1994 to March 1995.SETTINGSEight universities and four medical schools in three Chinese cities: Beijing, Wenzhou, and Hangzhou.SUBJECTS1896 college students who agreed to complete a written questionnaire.

Shu-Hong Zhu; Dewei Li; Buoling Feng; Tong Zhu; Christopher M Anderson

1998-01-01

2

College students' use of widely advertised medications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe college and university students' use of widely advertised pharmaceutical products. Four hundred seventy-one students from three institutions completed self-administered questionnaires that addressed the use of advertised medications, attention to magazine ads for medications, communications with physicians about medications, and the conditions the medications address. Results indicated that the majority of the students used at least one of

Lydia J. Burak; Amy Damico

2000-01-01

3

A Turnaround at Meharry Medical College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meharry Medical College, a predominantly Black institution, is tackling financial and academic problems that have plagued it in recent years. Meharry has received city approval of a plan to share teaching facilities with Vanderbilt University at the city's publicly owned hospital. (MLW)

Evans, Gaynelle

1985-01-01

4

GIS spatial analysis of floating population in Wenzhou, China: Implications for industrial restructuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the spatial distribution of floating population in Wenzhou urban districts using the data gained from the fifth census (2000) and floating population statistics (2008). The floating population in Wenzhou urban districts clustered in geographic space and is three circling structure. More floating population settled in suburb in 2000, and the high clustering circle of floating population has

Jianguang Xu

2011-01-01

5

The Annual Awards of The Association of American Medical Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the recipients of the Association of American Medical Colleges Annual Awards: Dr. John L. Caughey, Jr., for Distinguished Service to Medical Education; and Dr. Edwin D. Kilbourne, for his studies in influenza. (PG)|

Journal of Medical Education, 1975

1975-01-01

6

The Annual Awards of The Association of American Medical Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the recipients of the Association of American Medical Colleges Annual Awards: Dr. John L. Caughey, Jr., for Distinguished Service to Medical Education; and Dr. Edwin D. Kilbourne, for his studies in influenza. (PG)

Journal of Medical Education, 1975

1975-01-01

7

Predictors of Nonmedical ADHD Medication Use by College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To identify the predictors of nonmedical ADHD medication use by college students. Participants: A total of 843 undergraduates attending one public or one private university in southeastern United States. Method: Students completed a Web-based survey inquiring about ADHD medication use during the first semester freshman of their year…

Rabiner, David L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Costello, E. Jane; Hoyle, Rick H.; Swartzwelder, H. Scott

2010-01-01

8

A history of the American College of Medical Quality.  

PubMed

The American College of Medical Quality is a national organization of health care professionals who are interested in the advancement of medical quality as a field. Composed primarily of doctorate-level individuals in medicine, dentistry, and podiatry, it also includes affiliate members in preprofessional training as well as nursing. Origins of the organization date to 1973, when it was first called the American College of Utilization Review Physicians. It is formally recognized by the American Medical Association and holds a seat in its House of Delegates. The College views the advancement of medical quality as a field of study within itself and offers multiple venues for self-education, testing, and professional networking for its members. Recently, rising national awareness of quality in health care as a field of endeavor has elevated enrollment levels and increased interest in the organization. PMID:21224479

Fetterolf, Donald; Brodie, Bridget

9

Do Our Medical Colleges Inculcate Health-Promoting Lifestyle Among Medical Students: A Pilot Study from Two Medical Colleges from Southern India  

PubMed Central

Background: Behavioral risk factors are responsible for a substantial portion of chronic disease. Educating patients is a professional responsibility of medical practitioners. However, it has been observed that physicians did not practice what they preach. To study whether medical colleges inculcate health-promoting lifestyle among medical students during their stay in medical colleges. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in two conveniently selected medical colleges in southern India. Fourth year MBBS students were included in the study. A pre-tested self-administered multiple choice type questionnaire was used to collect data. Information was sought on the behavioral factors, namely smoking, alcohol use, junk food consumption, and physical activity, before joining the medical college and at the time of the study. SPSS version 10.0 was used to analyze the data. Frequencies, proportions, chi-square test. Results: Out of 176 respondents, 94 (53%) were males and 82 (47%) were females. The number of smokers had increased from 24 (13.6%) to 46 (26.1%) and the number of alcohol consumers from 34 (19.3%) to 77 (43.8%) since they joined medical college. The number of students doing any physical activity declined from 76 (43.2%) to 43 (24.4%) and their food habits became unhealthier during the same period. Conclusions: The study reported an increase in health-risking behavior and a decline in health-promoting behavior among medical students during their stay in medical college.

Majra, JP

2013-01-01

10

Use of Information and Communication Technology by Medical Students: A Survey of VSS Medical College, Burla, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

N. K. Sahu \\u0009Use of Information and Communication Technology by Medical students: A Survey of VSS Medical College, Burla, India (html) \\u0009PDF \\u0009June 2009 A survey determined the use of information and communication technology (ICT) by medical students of VSS Medical College, Burla, a premiere medical college in the State of Orissa, India. It examines students' knowledge of electronic resources,

Bulu Maharana; Swarupanjali Biswal; N. K. Sahu

2009-01-01

11

Medical College of Georgia Fact Book 1978-79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third edition of the Medical College of Georgia (MCG) fact book provides a chronicle of the year 1978-1979, reflecting data and events important to the institution. Sections include: general information/Augusta; general information/MCG; administration; budget and physical plant; library/learning resources; faculty; continuing education;…

Georgia Medical Coll., Augusta.

12

Information Activities in Medical Library : Tokyo Women's Medical College Library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The library facilities, resource materials, training of librarians and so on are described at first. The library collection is that of middle sized medical library. However, since the facilities are not enough to handle it, it is necessary for the library to be supplemented by information services. Then primary information services such as reading of materials, interlibrary loan and journal acquisition system of the recent issues for each laboratory is outlined. Secondary information services centered around on-line information retrieval service, contents sheet service and preparation of index cards are also described. What a medical library should be is considered in terms of its relation to information services.

Nishioka, Masayuki

13

Department of Paediatrics, Nalanda Medical College, Patna.  

PubMed

Cysticercosis is the most common parasitic disease of the central nervous system. The disease has worlwide distribution. The cysticerci might lodge in the brain parenchyma, spinal cord, eyes, ventricular system, subarachnoid space and muscle. These are most often seen in basal meninges. The presence of human lymphocyte antigen-related antigens on the surface of cysticerci has a direct relationship with microscopic signs of damage to cysticerci. The clinical manifestations depend upon number and topography of lesions, the individual immune response to the parasite and the sequelae of previous infestations. The diagnostic criteria of neurocysticercosis can be based on absolute criteria, major criteria, minor criteria and epidemiological criteria. Computerised tomography (CT) head is still most useful diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis but magnetic resonance imaging has some advantages over computerised tomography. The mainstay of therapy lies on medical and surgical intervention. Medical therapy consists of cysticidal drugs. Surgical therapy is indicated in intraventricular and subarachnoid neurocysticercosis. Steriods are used for anti-oedema measures. Anti-epileptics can also be tried. The measures for prevention of cysticercosis are proper disposal of human waste, treatment of water contaminated with human faeces before its use in irrigation of vegetable cultivation, proper cooking of pork and repeated treatment in taenia carriers. PMID:15636041

Prasad, Rajniti; Kumar, Ranjeet; Jaiswal, B P; Singh, Utpal Kant

2004-06-01

14

The teaching of medical ethics: University College, Cork, Ireland.  

PubMed Central

Dolores Dooley Clarke describes how the course in medical ethics at University College, Cork is structured, how it has changed and how it is likely to change as time goes on. Originally, the students seemed to view it as an intrusion 'to be tolerated' in their programme of 'strictly medical' studies. However, having moved on from that and away from the lecturer always being a Roman Catholic priest as well as a member of the Philosophy Department, the students now appear to view it as producing a stimulus for a new interest in the area of ethics for physicians. This seems to have come about through the more extensive participation of students in researching and presenting issues of medical ethics.

Clarke, D D

1978-01-01

15

Reading Habits and Attitude Toward Medical Humanities of Basic Science Students in a Medical College in Western Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal, admits students from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and other countries to the undergraduate medical course. Purposes: The present study sought to describe and explore reading habits of medical students during the first three semesters and obtain their views regarding inclusion of medical humanities in the course. Methods: The authors introduced a

P. Ravi Shankar; Arun K. Dubey; P. Mishra; Dinesh K. Upadhyay

2008-01-01

16

Awareness of medical ethics among undergraduates in a West Bengal medical college.  

PubMed

This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards medical ethics among undergraduate medical students. It also looked at whether there was any improvement with additional years of medical education. 340 medical students of a medical college in West Bengal were given a semi-structured questionnaire that included questions regarding their awareness of ethics, their attitudes towards various issues in clinical ethics, and their knowledge of the code of medical ethics of the West Bengal Medical Council. The responses of 322 students were analysed by simple descriptive statistics. The students generally agreed that awareness of ethics was important. Lectures (54.7%) and books (47.8%) were their predominant sources of knowledge. Only 10.9 % were aware of the existence of an institutional ethics committee and 42.8% did not know its exact role. Their answers showed that the majority of students expressed mixed responses--both desirable and undesirable--in relation to questions exploring different aspects of basic ethical reasoning in their professional life. The most desirable response for each statement was decided by experts of forensic medicine and also from a literature study. Only half the respondents (50.9%) had a good score (61-70 out of a total possible 90) and 37.2% had a fair score (51-60). There was no increase in scores corresponding with additional years of medical education. PMID:22591867

Chatterjee, Biswajit; Sarkar, Jhuma

17

College Students' Use of Compliance-Gaining Strategies to Obtain Prescription Stimulant Medications for Illicit Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine college students' illicit use of prescription stimulant medications and compliance-gaining strategies that they would use to obtain a stimulant medication. Design: A questionnaire-based study. Setting: Seven hundred and twenty undergraduate college students at a large, northeastern university in the United States were…

Checton, Maria G.; Greene, Kathryn

2011-01-01

18

Psychotropic Drug Use Among College Students: Patterns of Use, Misuse, and Medical Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess whether college students who use psychotropic drugs are (1) aware of potential side effects, (2) appropriately monitored by prescribing physicians, and (3) taking medications as prescribed. Participants: Fifty-five college students, currently taking psychotropic medications, were recruited between Summer 2008 and Fall 2009. Methods: Participants were given interviews assessing (1) interactions with prescribing physicians, (2) patterns of psychotropic

Lindsay M. S. Oberleitner; Golfo K. Tzilos; Kathryn M. Zumberg; Emily R. Grekin

2011-01-01

19

An analysis of the association of American medical colleges' review of minorities in medical education.  

PubMed Central

The Association of American Medical Colleges publishes an enormous database each year, which encompasses every conceivable category of medical education. This information covers high-school student premedical activities, medical school/student data, demographics of residents and fellows in training, a profile of medical school faculty according to academic rank and the enrollment of each medical school in the country. It is all categorized according to race, ethnicity and gender. Furthermore, it is a longitudinal survey and, therefore, valid comparisons can be made over long periods of time. The extensive coverage of African-American involvement in the system at all levels allows for healthcare planners, administrators, politicians and students/parents at all levels to use this as a roadmap for planning purposes. Much of the data is broken down according to individual states, thus enabling students to make better decisions about selecting private versus public institutions for their training. The data on residents in training and medical school faculty provides very useful information for healthcare planners, state and federal government officials, and medical school deans and university administrators interested in addressing diversity issues within their respective domains. Images Figure 22 Figure 25 Figure 28 Figure 8 Figure 11 Figure 15

Hoover, Eddie

2005-01-01

20

Gender Comparisons Prior to, during, and after Medical School Using Two Decades of Longitudinal Data at Jefferson Medical College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Similarities and differences prior to, during, and after medical school between 3,451 men and 1,121 women graduates of Jefferson Medical College were investigated. Differences in test scores, competence ratings, specialty choices, and estimated income hold implications for health care manpower management. (SLD)|

Hojat, Mohammadreza; And Others

1994-01-01

21

Assessing readiness for medical education: evolution of the medical college admission test.  

PubMed

The attrition rate of 5% to 50% from US medical schools in the 1920s propelled the development of a test that would measure aptitude for medical studies. Since its development in 1928, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) has undergone 5 revisions. The first version was divided into 6 to 8 subtests that focused on memory, knowledge of scientific terminology, reading and comprehension, and logic. The second, which appeared in 1946, was reduced to 4 categories: verbal and quantitative skills, science knowledge, and added a category called understanding modern society. The major difference in the third version, launched in 1962, expanded the test's understanding modern society section to a broader test of general information. In 1977, the MCAT underwent its fourth change: its science section, reading and quantitative skill assessment sections were expanded; its general liberal arts knowledge section was eliminated; its scoring report structure and scoring range were altered; and its cultural and social bias was minimized. The current version, beginning in 1991, has undergone another significant change. Although it does not contain independent measures of either liberal arts or numeracy as separate categories, quantitative skills are needed to solve some of the problems in biological and physical sciences. However, its principal innovation is the writing sample section. Through its 74-year history, the various renditions of the MCAT demonstrate that the definition of aptitude for medical education reflects the professional and social mores and values of the time. PMID:12204076

McGaghie, William C

2002-09-01

22

Miami-Dade Community College 1984 Institutional Self-Study. Volume VIII: Medical Center Campus Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a systematic, in-depth assessment of Miami-Dade Community College's (MDCC's) educational programs, student support systems, and selected campus-level activities, this volume of the college's institutional self-study report examines the impact and effectiveness of the Medical Center Campus. The report contains the results of a campus study…

Miami-Dade Community Coll., FL.

23

The Impact of the College Environment on Black Students' Access to a Medical School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this study was to explore factors influencing the disparity in the acceptance rate for African American students into medical school as compared to their white counterparts. This study compared the college environment of Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Principally White Institutions, with respect to African American…

Butler, Barbara Marie

2009-01-01

24

College students’ use of compliance-gaining strategies to obtain prescription stimulant medications for illicit use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine college students’ illicit use of prescription stimulant medications and compliance-gaining strategies that they would use to obtain a stimulant medication.Design: A questionnaire-based study.Setting: Seven hundred and twenty undergraduate college students at a large, northeastern university in the United States were surveyed.Method: The study received approval from the university’s Institutional Review Board (IRB). Students completed anonymous questionnaires outside

Maria G Checton; Kathryn Greene

2011-01-01

25

Development of the Stimulant Medication Outcome Expectancies Questionnaire for College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-prescribed use of stimulant medication among college students has become a public health concern. Although it has been well-established that outcome expectancies play a prominent role in initiation and maintenance of drinking behaviors it is unknown if and how outcome expectancies influence non-prescribed use of stimulant medication among college students. The aim of this study was to develop a valid

Allison K. Labbe; Stephen A. Maisto

2010-01-01

26

Report: Healthcare waste characterization in Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh.  

PubMed

Healthcare waste management (HCWM) options are inconsistent in Bangladesh. One of the first critical steps in the process of developing a reliable waste management plan requires a comprehensive understanding of the quantities and characteristics of the waste that needs to be managed. This study took into consideration both the quantity and quality of the generated waste to determine the generation rates and physical properties of healthcare waste (HCW) in Chittagong Medical College Hospital (CMCH) and also to estimate the amount of infectious and non-infectious waste generated in different wards. CMCH, the second largest hospital in Bangladesh, comprises 34 wards, 12 of which were selected randomly. Waste materials were collected from these wards and then segregated and weighed. Waste generation per day was found to be 73.22 kg/ward, 1.28 kg/bed and 0.57 kg/patient. A total of 2490 kg of HCW was produced each day in CMCH (37% being infectious and the rest being non-infectious waste). Infectious waste was 27.07 kg per ward, 0.47 kg per bed and 0.21 kg per patient and the non-infectious waste was 46.15 kg per ward, 0.81 kg per bed and 0.36 kg per patient per day. HCW comprised eight categories of waste materials with vegetable/food waste being the largest component (50.21%) and varied significantly (P < 0.05) among the 12 different wards studied. The greatest amount of HCW was recorded (154 kg) in Orthopaedics followed by 96.66 kg in the Medicine Unit-3 and the smallest amount was recorded in Casualty (8.79 kg). The amount of HCW was positively correlated with the number of occupied beds (rxy = 0.79, P < 0.01). There is no structured form of medical waste treatment in CMCH and most waste materials are dumped in open areas for natural degradation or re-sold by scavengers. It is essential to develop a national policy and implement a comprehensive action plan for HCWM that will provide environmentally sound technological measures to improve HCWM in Bangladesh. PMID:18649578

Alam, Md Maksud; Sujauddin, Mohammad; Iqbal, Gazi Mohammed Asif; Huda, Syed Mohammed Shamsul

2008-06-01

27

The Medical College of Wisconsin Senior Mentor Program: Experience of a Lifetime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) Senior Mentor Program (SMP) has been offered to a small group of first and second year medical students as a course alternative to the traditional physician mentor program. The program links students with healthy older adult mentors and includes mentor/student visits, didactic sessions, written assignments,…

Bates, Tovah; Cohan, Mary; Bragg, Dawn S.; Bedinghaus, Joan

2006-01-01

28

The Medical College of Wisconsin Senior Mentor Program: Experience of a Lifetime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) Senior Mentor Program (SMP) has been offered to a small group of first and second year medical students as a course alternative to the traditional physician mentor program. The program links students with healthy older adult mentors and includes mentor/student visits, didactic sessions, written assignments,…

Bates, Tovah; Cohan, Mary; Bragg, Dawn S.; Bedinghaus, Joan

2006-01-01

29

Monetizing College Reputation: The Case of Taiwan's Engineering and Medical Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses the admission scores of Taiwan's Joint College Entrance Examination (JCEE) and occupational wage data to estimate the reputation values of engineering and medical schools in Taiwan. It is found that the reputation values of medical schools are more than twice those of engineering schools. It takes about 7 and 19 years of work for…

Tao, Hung-Lin

2007-01-01

30

Predicting Performance during Clinical Years from the New Medical College Admission Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The results of a predictive validity study of the new Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) using criteria from the clinical years of undergraduate medical education are discussed. The criteria included course grades and faculty ratings of clerks in internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, and psychiatry. (Author/MLW)|

Caroline, Jan D.; And Others

1983-01-01

31

Predicting Performance during Clinical Years from the New Medical College Admission Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a predictive validity study of the new Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) using criteria from the clinical years of undergraduate medical education are discussed. The criteria included course grades and faculty ratings of clerks in internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, and psychiatry. (Author/MLW)

Caroline, Jan D.; And Others

1983-01-01

32

The Misuse and Diversion of Prescribed ADHD Medications by College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study assesses the misuse and diversion of prescribed attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications. Method: One hundred fifteen students, attending two universities, with prescriptions for ADHD medications completed a Web survey in spring 2007. Results: Eighty-nine of 115 students (69%) used their ADHD medications as prescribed, whereas 36 (31%) had misused during college by taking larger or more frequent doses

David L. Rabiner; Arthur D. Anastopoulos; E. Jane Costello; Rick H. Hoyle; Sean Esteban McCabe; H. Scott Swartzwelder

2009-01-01

33

Non-medical use of prescription drugs in a national sample of college women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) is one of the fastest growing forms of illicit drug use, with research indicating that college students represent a particularly high risk population. The current study examined demographic characteristics, health\\/mental health, substance misuse, and rape experiences as potential risk correlates of NMUPD among a national sample of college women (N=2000). Interviews were conducted via

Jenna L. McCauley; Ananda B. Amstadter; Alexandra Macdonald; Carla Kmett Danielson; Kenneth J. Ruggiero; Heidi S. Resnick; Dean G. Kilpatrick

2011-01-01

34

Effects of Information on College Students' Perceptions of Antidepressant Medication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the impact of pharmaceutical companies' advertisements on college students' perceptions of depression and concomitant treatment with antidepressants among 13 male and 31 female undergraduates from a midwestern university. The students were randomly assigned to groups that read either pharmaceutical company advertisements or scientific information about depression and its treatment. The analysis revealed that 40% of the women

Kristi A Frankenberger; William R Frankenberger; Blaine F Peden; Heather L Hunt; Christopher M Raschick; Emily G Steller; Jaclyn A Peterson

2004-01-01

35

Effects of Information on College Students' Perceptions of Antidepressant Medication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the impact of pharmaceutical companies' advertisements on college students' perceptions of depression and concomitant treatment with antidepressants among 13 male and 31 female undergraduates from a midwestern university. The students were randomly assigned to groups that read either pharmaceutical company advertisements or…

Frankenberger, Kristi A.; Frankenberger, William R.; Peden, Blaine F.; Hunt, Heather L.; Raschick, Christopher M.; Steller, Emily G.; Peterson, Jaclyn A.

2004-01-01

36

Effects of Information on College Students' Perceptions of Antidepressant Medication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the impact of pharmaceutical companies' advertisements on college students' perceptions of depression and concomitant treatment with antidepressants among 13 male and 31 female undergraduates from a midwestern university. The students were randomly assigned to groups that read either pharmaceutical company advertisements or…

Frankenberger, Kristi A.; Frankenberger, William R.; Peden, Blaine F.; Hunt, Heather L.; Raschick, Christopher M.; Steller, Emily G.; Peterson, Jaclyn A.

2004-01-01

37

Investigating Perceived vs. Medical Weight Status Classification among College Students: Room for Improvement Exists among the Overweight and Obese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American College Health Association estimated that 31% of college students are overweight or obese. It is important that students have a correct perception of body weight status as extra weight has potential adverse health effects. This study assessed accuracy of perceived weight status versus medical classification among 102 college students.…

Duffrin, Christopher; Eakin, Angela; Bertrand, Brenda; Barber-Heidel, Kimberly; Carraway-Stage, Virginia

2011-01-01

38

Are all patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in Indian medical colleges referred to the RNTCP?  

PubMed

To assess the proportion of tuberculosis (TB) patients diagnosed in three medical colleges in the states of West Bengal and Meghalaya who benefited from the services provided under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), a line list of patients with reports of investigations suggesting probable or confirmed TB was prepared from the records of the pathology, radiology and microbiology departments. This was compared with another line list prepared using RNTCP records. Only 150 (36%) of 420 probable or confirmed TB patients were referred to the RNTCP services. This suggests a need for more intensive supervision and training of medical college faculty. PMID:22668522

Quazi, T A; Sarkar, S; Borgohain, G; Sreenivas, A; Harries, A D; Srinath, S; Khan, K; Bishnu, B; Tapadar, S; Phukan, A C; Kabir, A; Chaddha, V; Paul, D; Dewan, P

2012-06-05

39

Perception of students regarding educational environment in a medical college in eastern region of India.  

PubMed

Learning environment in any medical college is found to be important in determining student's academic success. The study was undertaken to know and compare the perceptions of educational environment of undergraduate and postgraduate medical students, find out the problem areas and their remedies at Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. In the present study, Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was administered to undergraduate (n = 278) and postgraduate (n = 43) student and the scores were compared using a non-parametric test. Among the two groups, the undergraduate students were found to be more satisfied with the learning environment at Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital (as indicated by their higher DREEM score) compared to the postgraduate students. There was insignificant difference in perception among male and female students. The study revealed that both groups of students perceived the learning environment positively. Nevertheless, the study also reflected problematic areas of learning environment in this medical college which generates an idea of adopting some remedial measures in the form of small group learning and problem based learning where there is enough scope of student-teacher interaction and practical exposure. PMID:23785915

Naser, Syed Mohammed; Biswas, Arunava; Nandy, Manab; Niyogi, Soibal; Biswas, Gopa; Das, Anup Kumar

2012-11-01

40

Trends in non-medical use of anabolic steroids by U.S. college students: Results from four national surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the prevalence, trends, and student- and college-level characteristics associated with the non-medical use of anabolic steroids (NMAS) among U.S. college students. Data were collected through self-administered mail surveys, from 15,282, 14,428, 13,953, and 10,904 randomly selected college students at the same 119 nationally representative colleges in 1993, 1997, 1999 and 2001, respectively. The prevalence of lifetime, past-year

Sean Esteban McCabe; Kirk J. Brower; Brady T. West; Toben F. Nelson; Henry Wechsler

2007-01-01

41

Non-medical use of prescription stimulants among US college students: prevalence and correlates from a national survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims To examine the prevalence rates and correlates of non-medical use of prescription stimulants (Ritalin, Dexedrine or Adderall) among US college stu- dents in terms of student and college characteristics. Design A self-administered mail survey. Setting One hundred and nineteen nationally representative 4-year colleges in the United States. Participants A representative sample of 10 904 randomly selected college stu- dents

Sean Esteban McCabe; John R. Knight; Christian J. Teter; Henry Wechsler

2005-01-01

42

Attitudes of college students toward mental illness stigma and the misuse of psychiatric medications  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Mental illness stigma remains a significant barrier to treatment. However, the recent increase in the medical and non-medical use of prescription psychiatric medications among college students seems to contradict this phenomenon. This study explored students’ attitudes and experiences related to psychiatric medications, as well as correlates of psychiatric medication misuse (i.e., attitudes towards mental illness and beliefs about the efficacy of psychiatric medications). METHOD Data were collected anonymously via self-report questionnaires from April 2008 to February 2009. Measures included the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, Drug Abuse Screening Test, Day’s Mental Illness Stigma Scale, Attitudes Toward Psychiatric Medication Scale, and the Psychiatric Medication Attitudes Scale. Participants included 383 university students (59.2% female), recruited on campus or through online classes. RESULTS Results showed high rates of psychiatric medication misuse when compared to rates of medical use. Participants reported believing that the majority of students who use prescription psychotropics do so non-medically. In addition, less-stigmatized attitudes toward mental illness were correlated with both increased beliefs about the treatability of mental illness and increased misuse of psychiatric medications. Conversely, more stigmatized beliefs were associated with negative views toward psychiatric medication, as well as decreased likelihood of abuse. CONCLUSION Results suggest the need for improved education regarding the nature of mental illness, the appropriate use of psychiatric medications, and the potential consequences associated with abuse of these potent drugs.

Stone, Amanda M.; Merlo, Lisa J.

2010-01-01

43

Cardiovascular Risk Behavior among Students of a Medical College in Delhi  

PubMed Central

Background: Life style related behavioural risk factors are mainly implicated for increased burden of cardio- vascular diseases. Research related to these risk behaviours especially among medical students is essential, considering their role as future physicians and role models in public health intervention programmes. Objective: To evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk behaviours among students of a medical college of Delhi, India. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out among undergraduate medical students of a medical college in Delhi. Self administered questionnaire was used to collect information on identification data and risk behaviours in relation to cardiovascular diseases. Binary logistic regression analysis was done to calculate adjusted odds ratio to assess association between risk behaviours and covariates. Results: The minimum recommendation of taking at least five servings per day of fruits and vegetables was complied only by 12% of students. Consumption of carbonated soft drinks either once or more on daily basis was present in 23.7% students and 32.0% reported frequent consumption of fast foods in past week. Consumption of alcohol was present in 28.8% students but only small proportion of students (7%) was current tobacco users. Large proportions of students (42.6%) were either not carrying out or were involved in only occasional physical activity in past week. Conclusions: Unhealthy behavioural practises are present and may progress as student advance through medical college. Developing strategies targeting at these risk behaviours and determining factors is necessary to promote healthy life style among medical students.

Rustagi, N; Taneja, DK; Mishra, P; Ingle, GK

2011-01-01

44

Association of American Medical Colleges Annual Meeting and Annual Report 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics addressed in the annual meeting and report of the Association of American Medical Colleges for 1979 include: AAMC cooperation with other organizations, quality control and cost containment in health care education, educational initiatives, biomedical research, faculty, students, institutional development, teaching hospitals, and information…

Journal of Medical Education, 1980

1980-01-01

45

Characteristics of College Students with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms Who Misuse Their Medications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The purpose of the current investigation is to examine the characteristics of college students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms who misuse their prescribed psychostimulant medications. Methods and Participants: Forty-three undergraduate students with a prescription for Ritalin or Adderall completed structured…

Jardin, Bianca; Looby, Alison; Earleywine, Mitch

2011-01-01

46

Preliminary Investigation of the 1991 Medical College Admission Test Factor Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantially revised Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) was introduced in spring 1991. The new examination is designed to assess critical thinking skills, basic concepts and problem solving facility in science, and writing skills. This paper reports preliminary findings on the factor structure of the revised MCAT, which consists of four…

Li, Weichang; Mitchell, Karen J.

47

Medical Simulation in the Community College Health Science Curriculum: A Matrix for Future Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the nation's healthcare education system struggles to keep pace with the demand for its services, educators are seeking creative and innovative solutions to meet the needs of a growing number of students. The integration of medical simulation technology into the community college health science curriculum is a creative solution that can meet…

McLaughlin, Michael P.; Starobin, Soko S.; Laanan, Frankie Santos

2010-01-01

48

A physics teacher looks at the new (1977) Medical College Admission Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

It appears, from the recently published ''illustrative test'' and the sample questions which were published previously and from the list of topics, that the new Medical College Admission Test contains a large number of physics related questions in the chemistry section in addition to those in the physics section. Also, many of the questions in the reading and quantitative analysis

Mario Iona

1979-01-01

49

A STATUS STUDY OF TRAINING IN MCH&FW MEDICAL COLLEGES OF INDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to evaluate undergraduate MBBS training in MCH and FW in 44 randomly sampled medical colleges of India. Data on teaching curricula, training methodology, learning opportunities etc. were collected through observations, questionnaires sent to Deans\\/Principals and faculty and undergraudate students and interns. The data show that MCH and FW have not been given the urgency and priority

S. Bhatnagar; D. H. Nath; Alok Banerjee; P. L. Trakroo; I. Murali; D. S. Singhal

50

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis Virus Antibodies in Newly Admitted Students of Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blood samples from randomly selected 100 newly admitted first year MBBS students of Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College were tested to find the seroprevalence of antibodies against Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis E viruses. The study revealed a lower seroprevalence of HAV antibodies than the common perception of their age group. The rate of vaccination against hepatitis

Muhammad Shamsher Ahmed; Osul Ahmed Chowdhury; Mohsina Khatoon; Fahmin Kabir; Ahmed Riad Chowdhury; Halima Jahan

2009-01-01

51

Study in sexuality of medical college students in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In India, talking about sex is taboo. Little is known about the knowledge, attitude, and sexual behavior of adolescents. This study was carried out with the purpose of examining: (a) the knowledge of medical students about sex, (b) the sources of learning about sex, and (c) the sexual behavior and practices of young adults.Methods: This study was carried out

Omprakash Aggarwal; Arun K Sharma; Pragti Chhabra

2000-01-01

52

Medical and Nonmedical Users of Prescription Drugs among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: To examine medical and nonmedical users of prescription opioids, central nervous system depressants, and stimulants taken individually and in combination. Participants: Undergraduates at an urban mid-Atlantic university with 12,000 students. Methods: A questionnaire administered in classes provided 413 responses, with a usable…

Rozenbroek, Katelyn; Rothstein, William G.

2011-01-01

53

Characteristics of College Students With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms Who Misuse Their Medications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of the current investigation is to examine the characteristics of college students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms who misuse their prescribed psychostimulant medications. Methods and Participants: Forty-three undergraduate students with a prescription for Ritalin or Adderall completed structured interviews and a battery of questionnaires. Results: Analyses revealed that compared to non-misusers, misusers were significantly more likely to

Bianca Jardin; Alison Looby; Mitch Earleywine

2011-01-01

54

Conflict-of-interest management: efforts and insights from the Association of American Medical Colleges.  

PubMed

The Association of American Medical Colleges has issued three major reports to help academic medical centers manage financial conflicts of interest in clinical research. One report addresses individual conflicts, another addresses institutional conflicts, and the third is a survey-based assessment of institutions performance to date in conflict-of-interest management. While implementation of policies to manage individual conflicts has been significant and widespread, the extent to which institutional conflicts are being managed is unclear. Developing effective and accepted policies to manage potential conflicts involving the funding of education remains a major challenge. PMID:17471619

Kirch, Darrell G

2007-03-01

55

Total pelvic exenteration: The Albert Einstein College of Medicine\\/Montefiore Medical Center Experience (1987 to 2003)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective.To review the trends, modifications and results of 103 consecutive total pelvic exenterations (TPE) performed at the Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine from 1987 to 2003.

Gary L. Goldberg; Paniti Sukumvanich; Mark H. Einstein; Harriet O. Smith; Patrick S. Anderson; Abbie L. Fields

2006-01-01

56

The Medical Library Service of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia  

PubMed Central

A unique provincial medical library service has been established in British Columbia. Under the direction of professional librarians, the central library in Vancouver is building an extensive, largely clinical collection while 30 smaller branch libraries in hospitals throughout the province are establishing basic, up-to-date collections. Financial support comes from an annual fee of $25.00 per doctor paid to the College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia. Photoduplication, mail and telephone services meet many reference needs. Reading is vital to continuing medical education. The library works closely with the University of British Columbia's Department of Continuing Medical Education to bring current medical knowledge to every doctor in British Columbia.

Dick, John; Harrison, W. Elliot; Fraser, C. William; Williams, Donald H.

1963-01-01

57

How are our medical students using the computer and internet? A study from a medical college of north India  

PubMed Central

Background: In today's world, use of Internet has become indispensable. Medical students have much to gain from the Internet technology that has revolutionized the medical field. There is a very rapid change in the way communication technology is being handled and our medical students should also be ready to embrace it. Very few studies have been done on this topic in India. The aim was to find out the knowledge, practice, and barriers of Internet use among the medical undergraduates of Subharti Medical College, Meerut. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the MBBS students belonging to the first, second, third, and fourth years of their course during August to October 2009. A pretested questionnaire was used collecting information on their Internet usage patterns, knowledge about information technology, and barriers to using it. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel and appropriate statistical tests were applied for analysis. Results: The proportion of respondents having a laptop were more in cohort of students belonging to the admission year 2009 (65.8%) followed by 2008 (54.7%), 2007 (53.0%), and 2006 (38.0%), i.e., a gradual increase in newer cohorts. About half (57.4%) of the students had some sort of formal training in computer and Internet use. Knowledge about Internet was more among the junior cohorts compared to the senior cohorts (P<0.0001). Only about one-fifths of the respondents used Internet for searching literature for projects from medical journals on the Internet. Majority of the respondents accessed Internet for less than 3 hours per week. About one-tenth (8.0%) of the students felt that Internet is totally useless in medical field. The major barrier (54.4% of the respondents) to using Internet was lack of time. Conclusions: Further research should focus on designing and implementing computer and Internet training for medical students.

Maroof, Khan Amir; Parashar, Pawan; Bansal, Rahul

2012-01-01

58

Prevalence and factors associated with neck, shoulder and low back pains among medical students in a Malaysian Medical College  

PubMed Central

Background The main purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence, body distributions and factors associated with musculoskeletal pain (MSP) among medical students in a private Malaysian medical college. Method This cross-sectional study was conducted among 232 medical students in a private medical college using an online questionnaire. The questionnaire was a modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire focused on neck, shoulder and low back pain in the past week and the past year. Results Two hundred and thirty two medical students responded to the questionnaire out of 642. Mean age was 20.7?±?2.1 years. The majority were female (62.9%), Malay (80.6%) and in the preclinical years (72%). One hundred and six (45.7%) of all students had at least one site of MSP in the past week and 151 (65.1%) had at least one site of MSP in the past year. MSP in the past week was associated significantly with the academic year, (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.15-3.67, P?=?0.015), history of trauma (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.2-5.3, P?=?0.011), family history of MSP (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-3.9, P?=?0.023) and Body Mass Index (BMI) (P?=?0.028). MSP in the past year was significantly associated with computer use (P?=?0.027), daily hours of computer use (median?±?IQR (5.0 ±3.0), history of trauma (OR 7.5, 95% CI 2.24-2.56, P?medical students was relatively high, thus, further clinical assessment is needed in depth study of ergonomics. The study results indicate that medical school authorities should take measures to prevent MSP due to factors related to medical school. Students should make aware of importance of weight reduction to reduce MSP.

2013-01-01

59

Behavioral comparative analysis of peasant household's borrowed money of the western and eastern — On the basis of the comparison of two villages in Shaanxi and Wenzhou  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discovers, by means of the behavioral comparative analysis of the peasant household's borrowed money of two villages of Shanxi and Wenzhou , that the peasant households' borrowed money mainly stems from the informal channel, a lot of have already been superior to the regular channel in the loan contract terms that the informal channel offered, the borrowed money

Lishuang Chen; Xiangyu Wu

2011-01-01

60

The Curriculum Development Project for the Medical Laboratory Technology Program at Miami-Dade Junior College, Miami, Florida. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During Phase I of an Allied Health Professions Basic Improvement Grant, a five-member committee developed a curriculum for a medical laboratory technology program at Miami-Dade Junior College by: (1) defining competencies which differentiate a certified laboratory assistant from a medical laboratory technician, (2) translating expected laboratory…

Miami-Dade Junior Coll., FL. Div. of Allied Health Studies.

61

The Curriculum Development Project for the Medical Laboratory Technology Program at Miami-Dade Junior College, Miami, Florida. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During Phase I of an Allied Health Professions Basic Improvement Grant, a five-member committee developed a curriculum for a medical laboratory technology program at Miami-Dade Junior College by: (1) defining competencies which differentiate a certified laboratory assistant from a medical laboratory technician, (2) translating expected laboratory…

Miami-Dade Junior Coll., FL. Div. of Allied Health Studies.

62

Measurement of atmospheric radon daughter concentrations at the campus of Fukushima Medical College.  

PubMed

Radon daughter concentrations in outdoor and indoor air were measured at the campus of Fukushima Medical College. Radon daughters in the air were sampled with a flow rate of 20 L/min through a glass fiber filter or a membrane filter, and the decay of activity on the filter was analyzed with two types of technique, i.e., the gross-beta one-count method using a G.M. tube and the alpha spectroscopic method using a semiconductor detector. The present paper describes principles and techniques of the measurement in detail. PMID:2637220

Kobayashi, T; Takaku, Y

1989-06-01

63

The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Complete Home Medical Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons provides the Third Revised Edition of this resource, originally published in 1985. The book is divided into 34 chapters in six major sections: using the health care system; wellness; symptoms; first aid; treatment and prevention; and proper use of medications. Chapters include understandable explanations of the topic, and selective descriptions of diseases or abnormalities. Each chapter is written by a specialist in the field. CHMC is an excellent, searchable general reference source for both health care providers and consumers.

1997-01-01

64

Technical assistance for Meharry Medical College Energy Efficiency Project. Final project status and technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a program to provide technical assistance to Meharry Medical College. The purpose of the program is to facilitate Meharry`s effort to finance a campus-wide facility retrofit. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) funded the program through a grant to the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development (TECD). The University of Memphis-Technology and Energy Services (UM-TES), under contract to TECD, performed program services. The report has three sections: (1) introduction; (2) project definition, financing, and participants; and (3) opportunities for federal participation.

NONE

1996-05-08

65

The patient-doctor partnership over 60 years and the role of the royal medical colleges.  

PubMed

The key to any successful healthcare system is the recognition of the inseparable partnerships between the individual patient and their doctor. Diseases can be studied in populations but in contrast, patients are individuals and must be respected as such. There are several reasons why this partnership has been eroded as the NHS evolved over the last 60 years. Until the importance of this partnership is recognised, quality of patient care will not improve. There is an urgent need for government, management, the medical regulators, the profession and patients to work together, mutually respecting and trusting each others' complementary skills, responsibilities and needs. Consultation with any of these groups alone has not and will not resolve the problem. The colleges working with patients now have a leading opportunity to ensure that whatever changes are introduced into the NHS, this crucial partnership is recognised as the enduring linchpin in quality medical care of patients. PMID:19149276

Turner-Warwick, Margaret

2008-12-01

66

The etiology of fever in patients presented at KIST Medical College, Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal.  

PubMed

In Nepal, febrile illness is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical attention, but there is limited information on the frequency of specific etiology of fever. This is a retrospective study. Patients presented with fever admitted in medicine ward and Intensive care unit of KIST Medical College, Imadol, Lalitpur from January 2010 to January 2012 are included in the study. Of the 898 patients enrolled, 23.5% had infective exacerbation of COPD. Enteric fever, urinary tract infection, acute gastroenteritis, tuberculosis and community acquired pneumonia were the cause of fever in 20%, 13%, 10%, 7.3% and 6% cases of respectively. Findings confirm the heavy burden of infection was a cause of fever requiring hospitalization. This highlights the importance of simple diagnostic tests and cost effective treatment required to manage these patients. PMID:24047025

Dhungana, S P; Shrestha, S K; Kashyap, A K; Piryani, R M; Acharya, G P

2012-09-01

67

Teaching strategies and academic performances of undergraduates in quaid-I-azam medical college, bahawalpur.  

PubMed

Objective: to assess the outcomes and competencies of medical undergraduates regarding their learning abilities after introducing Clinical Presentation Curriculum (CPC) instead of Traditional Curriculum in Quaid-i-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur. Design: a cross-sectional comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: 3rd and 4th year MBBS class during session 2004-2005 at Quaid-i-Azam Medical College (QMC), Bahawalpur. Subjects and Methods: Five hundred students of 3rd year and 4th year MBBS who were taught for 176 and 172 hours respectively, appeared in 20 tests during session 2004-2005, were included in the study. Students were taught pathology according to Traditional Curricular model for 88 and 86 hours, respectively during college hours. Ten class tests each of 3rd and 4th year MBBS were taken and scores recorded. In the next step, the same group of students were taught in accordance with CPC model for 88 and 86 hours respectively in college hours. Ten class tests each were taken and scores recorded. A standardized questionnaire was given to all 500 students after finishing with each curricular model and then the results were compared on SPSS 8.0 regarding their study trends, thinking abilities, intellectual skills and liking of CPC. Chi-square test was used to get significance values and percentages were used for the evaluation of differences. Results: This study detected the positive effects of CPC model not only on study trends and thought process but also had the beneficial effects on learning potential of students in QMC where traditional curriculum was being followed for teaching students. When compared with traditional curricula, CPC model significantly ( p =< 0.01) improved the learning methods to improve knowledge and intellectual skills e.g; group discussions, internet use, reading latest and relevant journals and visits to wards and concerned teachers. Academic performances of these students significantly (p =< 0.01) improved regarding their class test attendance, class room attendance and marks obtained in tests when compared with traditional curricula. Similarly, there was significant (p =< 0.01) increase in divergent thinkers. Conclusion: CPC, introduced in 3rd and 4th year MBBS of QMC, Bahawalpur, with traditional curriculum, significantly improved the academic performance, learning behaviour and intellectual skills of students. PMID:17999849

Shaukat, Asma; Arain, Tariq Mahmud; Alam, Mazhar Faiz; Shahid, Amna Mahmud

2007-10-01

68

Report: Medical students for monitoring biomedical waste segregation practices--why and how? Experience from a medical college.  

PubMed

The cornerstone for an effective biomedical waste (BMW) management is appropriate waste segregation. Improper waste segregation practices can have an adverse impact on public health and increase the cost of treatment. Deficiencies in waste segregation practices can be corrected by continuous monitoring and education. Manpower for monitoring waste segregation in a large teaching hospital is scanty. We utilized the undergraduate medical students as monitors and studied the impact on waste segregation practices. A prospective observational study was carried out from August 2004 to January 2005. For monitoring waste segregation, the different areas of the hospital were divided amongst the II M.B.B.S students. They were provided with an observation sheet wherein the status of waste segregation and overall hygiene was recorded on a scale of 1-5. The impact of this programme was then analysed over the study period. The results indicated that a statistically significant improvement in waste segregation practices occurred in all areas. Thus, a large hospital with a medical college can identify students or a similar group for monitoring waste segregation or other aspects of biomedical waste management. This will improve their understanding of good practice in BMW management in future. PMID:18649577

Nataraj, Gita; Baveja, Sujata; Kuyare, Sunil; Poojary, Aruna; Mehta, Preeti; Kshirsagar, Nilima; Gogtay, Nithys

2008-06-01

69

Awareness and practice of family Planning methods in women attending Gyne OPD at Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross sectional descriptive study of awareness and practice of family planning methods among 200 women of reproductive age attending gynecology out patient department (GOPD) of Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital from 14 th May 2008 to 14 th July, 2008 was carried out. Most of the respondents (93.0%) were aware of at least one of family planning methods out

H Tuladhar

70

College on Problems of Drug Dependence taskforce on prescription opioid non-medical use and abuse: position statement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This position paper from the College on Problems of Drug Dependence addresses the issues related to non-medical use and abuse of prescription opioids. A central theme throughout is the need to strike a balance between risk management strategies to prevent and deter prescription opioid abuse and the need for physicians and patients to have appropriate access to opioid pharmaceuticals for

James Zacny; George Bigelow; Peggy Compton; Kathleen Foley; Martin Iguchi; Christine Sannerud

2003-01-01

71

Motives and Perceived Consequences of Nonmedical ADHD Medication Use by College Students: Are Students Treating Themselves for Attention Problems?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This study examines why college students without a prescription take ADHD medication, what they perceive the consequences of this to be, and whether attention problems are associated with this behavior. Method: More than 3,400 undergraduates attending one public and one private university in the southeastern United States completed a…

Rabiner, David L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Costello, E. Jane; Hoyle, Rick H.; McCabe, Sean Esteban; Swartzwelder, H. Scott

2009-01-01

72

School Adjustment of Taiwanese Aborigine Girls at Jen-Te Junior College of Medical Nursing and Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study explored the school experiences of aboriginal female students (n=5) at Jen-Te Junior College of Medical Nursing and Management School in Miao-Li, Taiwan. The following research questions were addressed: (1) do aboriginal girls feel that their culture and background influences their schooling experiences? (2) what problems do aboriginal…

Chung, Hsueh-Yu

73

Motives and Perceived Consequences of Nonmedical ADHD Medication Use by College Students: Are Students Treating Themselves for Attention Problems?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines why college students without a prescription take ADHD medication, what they perceive the consequences of this to be, and whether attention problems are associated with this behavior. Method: More than 3,400 undergraduates attending one public and one private university in the southeastern United States completed a…

Rabiner, David L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Costello, E. Jane; Hoyle, Rick H.; McCabe, Sean Esteban; Swartzwelder, H. Scott

2009-01-01

74

Stimulant medication use in college students: Comparison of appropriate users, misusers, and nonusers.  

PubMed

While stimulant medication is commonly prescribed to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in children and adolescents (Merikangas, He, Rapoport, Vitiello, & Olfson, 2013; Zuvekas & Vitiello, 2012) and is considered an empirically supported intervention for those groups (Barkley, Murphy, & Fischer, 2008; Pelham & Fabiano, 2008; Safren et al., 2005) surprisingly little is known about the efficacy of stimulants in the slightly older emerging adult population. A focus has emerged, however, on illicit stimulant use among undergraduates, with studies suggesting such behavior is not uncommon (e.g., Arria et al., 2013). Unfortunately, details are lacking regarding outcomes and personal characteristics associated with different patterns of stimulant misuse. The current study compares the characteristics of four groups of college students, including those with stimulant prescriptions who use them appropriately (i.e., appropriate users), those who misuse their prescription stimulants (i.e., medical misusers), those who obtain and use stimulants without a prescription (i.e., nonmedical misusers), and those who do not use stimulant medications at all (i.e., nonusers). Undergraduates (N = 1,153) from the Southeastern, Midwest, and Rocky Mountain regions completed online measures evaluating patterns of use, associated motives, side effects, ADHD symptomatology, and other substance use. Both types of misusers (i.e., students who abused their prescriptions and those who obtained stimulants illegally) reported concerning patterns of other and combined substance use, as well as higher prevalence of debilitating side effects such as insomnia and restlessness. Research and practical implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24059834

Hartung, Cynthia M; Canu, Will H; Cleveland, Carolyn S; Lefler, Elizabeth K; Mignogna, Melissa J; Fedele, David A; Correia, Christopher J; Leffingwell, Thad R; Clapp, Joshua D

2013-09-01

75

Strengthening District Health Care System through Partnership with Academic Institutions: The Social Accountability of Medical Colleges in Nepal.  

PubMed

Approximately 25-30% of the Nepalese population live below poverty line. Majority of them reside in a geographically inaccessible place while most of the health centers are focused in the urbanized cities of Nepal. Hence, they are deprived of quality health care at that level and need urgent attention by the concerned authorities. The government has not increased its human resource for health in the last two decades, while population has doubled up but the number of doctors serving in public sectors has remained the same as it was in 1990s. We have got 19 medical colleges at the moment. If one district is allocated to each medical colleges, it could help improve district health system at local level in Nepal. This can be accomplished by posting postgraduate resiendts in the peripheral district hospital as a part of their training and later encouraging them to serve for certain years. This could be a perfect example of government envisioned public private partnership in the country. This is a concept that has already been started in many parts of the world that can be moulded further to improve health service at peripheral part of the country. It is also the social accountability of the medical colleges for the development of the nation. Keywords: district health care system; medical education; social accountability. PMID:23591177

Magar, Angel; Subba, Kamana

76

The use of energy drinks, dietary supplements, and prescription medications by United States college students to enhance athletic performance.  

PubMed

While the use of performance enhancing substances by professional, collegiate, and Olympic athletes is well described, the rate of use in the general population is not well studied. We explored the use of energy drinks, dietary supplements, and prescription medications for the enhancement of athletic performance among college students using an ongoing survey system. We conducted a multi-round online questionnaire collecting data from self-identified students at two-year colleges, four-year colleges, online courses, or technical schools at least part-time during the specified sampling period. The sample is obtained through the use of a survey panel company in which respondents voluntarily register. Survey data were collected from December, 2010 through August, 2011. Subjects who reported participating in athletics were asked if they used any of the following substances to enhance athletic performance (1) energy drinks (2) dietary supplements (3) prescription medications within the last year. Data were analyzed from October, 2011 through January, 2012. There were 462 college students who responded to the survey reporting they participate in sports at various levels. Of these, 397 (85.9 %) responded that within the last year they used energy drinks, dietary supplements, or prescription medications to enhance athletic performance. Energy drinks had the highest prevalence (80.1 %), followed by dietary supplements (64.1 %) and prescription medications (53.3 %). Use was most prevalent amongst intercollegiate athletes (89.4 %) followed by club (88.5 %) and intermural (82.1 %) participants. The vast majority of survey respondents reported using energy drinks, dietary supplements, and prescription medications within the last year for athletic performance enhancement. PMID:23371823

Hoyte, Christopher O; Albert, Donald; Heard, Kennon J

2013-06-01

77

Developing an academic medical library core journal collection in the (almost) post-print era: the Florida State University College of Medicine Medical Library experience  

PubMed Central

The Florida State University (FSU) College of Medicine Medical Library is the first academic medical library to be established since the Web's dramatic appearance during the 1990s. A large customer base for electronic medical information resources is both comfortable with and eager to migrate to the electronic format completely, and vendors are designing radical pricing models that make print journal cancellations economically advantageous. In this (almost) post-print environment, the new FSU Medical Library is being created and will continue to evolve. By analyzing print journal subscription lists of eighteen academic medical libraries with similar missions to the community-based FSU College of Medicine and by entering these and selected quality indicators into a Microsoft Access database, a core list was created. This list serves as a selection guide, as a point for discussion with faculty and curriculum leaders when creating budgets, and for financial negotiations in a broader university environment. After journal titles specific to allied health sciences, veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, library science, and nursing were eliminated from the list, 4,225 unique journal titles emerged. Based on a ten-point scale including SERHOLD holdings and DOCLINE borrowing activity, a list of 449 core titles is identified. The core list has been saved in spreadsheet format for easy sorting by a number of parameters.

Shearer, Barbara S.; Nagy, Suzanne P.

2003-01-01

78

Suicidal ideation among students of a medical college in Western Nepal: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Many studies have been conducted in the developed countries to know the magnitude and factors influencing suicidal ideation among medical students, but such data are sparse in developing countries. This cross-sectional study was therefore conducted to find out the prevalence of suicidal ideation and factors influencing such ideation among students of a medical college in Western Nepal. A total of 206 students were selected using random sampling and questioned about their socio-demographic factors, other risk factors and suicidal ideation using a preformed validated questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows Version 16.0 and the EPI Info 3.5.1 Windows Version. Descriptive statistics and testing of hypothesis were applied for the statistical methodology. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to examine the association between different variables. Suicidal ideation in the last one year was present in nearly one tenth of the study population and in almost one fifth of them life-time suicidal ideation was present. Factors that were associated with suicidal ideation were primarily dissatisfaction with academic performance, being in the clinical semesters, having history of drug abuse and feeling neglected by parents. Most common reason reported for suicidal ideation was family related followed by self-related. Recognition of suicidal ideation among students and their associated factors can help in detecting it on time, making the right interventions and controlling the problem. Understanding the magnitude of the problem and their epidemiology via scientific study like this would be the first step in this process. PMID:22522041

Menezes, Ritesh G; Subba, S H; Sathian, Brijesh; Kharoshah, Magdy A; Senthilkumaran, Subramanian; Pant, Sadip; Arun, M; Kundapur, Rashmi; Jain, Animesh; Lobo, Stany Wilfred; Ravi Shankar, P

2012-04-20

79

Permanent interstitial implantation using palladium-103: the New York Medical College preliminary experience.  

PubMed

Palladium-103 is a low energy photon emitter available for permanent interstitial implantation. Pd-103 has energy and safety characteristics similar to Iodine-125, but its initial peripheral dose rate is approximately three times greater. This may provide improved control of rapidly proliferating tumors. At the Westchester Campus of New York Medical College, 15 patients with residual or recurrent unresectable lesions were implanted with Pd-103. There were five males and 10 females with an age range of 41 to 93 years (median 58). Implanted sites included the chest wall, nasopharynx, vagina, and zygomatic region. Peripheral doses ranged from 55 to 203 Gy (median 107 Gy). A complete response was achieved in eight patients and a partial response in seven patients, for an overall response rate of 100%. We noted improved control with smaller volumes and peripheral doses at or above 115 Gy. No unusual skin or mucosal reactions were recorded. Possible advantages of Pd-103 as a substitute for I-125 include improved control of rapidly proliferating tumors and a more rapid clinical response of lesions. Disadvantages include current higher cost and an impracticality in maintaining a running inventory because of the short half-life of the isotope. Our experience suggests that Pd-103 is an attractive alternative to I-125. PMID:1639637

Porrazzo, M S; Hilaris, B S; Moorthy, C R; Tchelebi, A E; Mastoras, C A; Shih, L L; Stabile, L; Salvaras, N

1992-01-01

80

Virulence Characteristic and MLST-agr Genetic Background of High-Level Mupirocin-Resistant, MRSA Isolates from Shanghai and Wenzhou, China  

PubMed Central

The emergence and prevalence of high-level mupirocin-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MuH MRSA) is challenging the eradication of MRSA nasal carriage and the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections. To understand the potentially pathogenetic capacity and the genetic basis of MuH MRSA, it is important to have a detailed knowledge of the molecular traits of this organism. Fifty three MuH MRSA isolates were gathered from Shanghai (28 isolates) and Wenzhou (25 isolates) in China. These isolates, consisting of 27 different PFGE-SCCmec-spa patterns, were examined by PCR for 35 virulence genes and further typed using agr (accessory gene regulator) typing and MLST (multilocus sequence typing). All 53 strains were positive for the genes hlg/hlg variant and icaD, and negative for seb, sed, see, seh, eta, etb, hld, cap-5, and ACME-arcA. Compared with Wenzhou isolates, Shanghai isolates were more likely to carry seg (P?=?0.002) and several other genes which were not found in Wenzhou strains such as sec, sei, tst (P<0.001 each), and pvl (P?=?0.012), and less likely to contain sea (P<0.001), cna (P?=?0.031), and efb (P?=?0.045). MLST and agr typing showed that ST239-agr1, ST5-agr1, and ST239-agr2 were the common lineages in MuH MRSA isolates from these two different regions. Our results indicated that MuH MRSA strains from two different geographic regions of China have differences in distribution of some virulence genes, while their major MLST-agr genetic backgrounds were accordant.

Liu, Qingzhong; Han, Lizhong; Li, Bin; Sun, Jingyong; Ni, Yuxing

2012-01-01

81

Virulence characteristic and MLST-agr genetic background of high-level mupirocin-resistant, MRSA isolates from Shanghai and Wenzhou, China.  

PubMed

The emergence and prevalence of high-level mupirocin-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MuH MRSA) is challenging the eradication of MRSA nasal carriage and the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections. To understand the potentially pathogenetic capacity and the genetic basis of MuH MRSA, it is important to have a detailed knowledge of the molecular traits of this organism. Fifty three MuH MRSA isolates were gathered from Shanghai (28 isolates) and Wenzhou (25 isolates) in China. These isolates, consisting of 27 different PFGE-SCCmec-spa patterns, were examined by PCR for 35 virulence genes and further typed using agr (accessory gene regulator) typing and MLST (multilocus sequence typing). All 53 strains were positive for the genes hlg/hlg variant and icaD, and negative for seb, sed, see, seh, eta, etb, hld, cap-5, and ACME-arcA. Compared with Wenzhou isolates, Shanghai isolates were more likely to carry seg (P?=?0.002) and several other genes which were not found in Wenzhou strains such as sec, sei, tst (P<0.001 each), and pvl (P?=?0.012), and less likely to contain sea (P<0.001), cna (P?=?0.031), and efb (P?=?0.045). MLST and agr typing showed that ST239-agr1, ST5-agr1, and ST239-agr2 were the common lineages in MuH MRSA isolates from these two different regions. Our results indicated that MuH MRSA strains from two different geographic regions of China have differences in distribution of some virulence genes, while their major MLST-agr genetic backgrounds were accordant. PMID:22623969

Liu, Qingzhong; Han, Lizhong; Li, Bin; Sun, Jingyong; Ni, Yuxing

2012-05-18

82

Phosphorus loads from different urban storm runoff sources in southern China: a case study in Wenzhou City.  

PubMed

Storm runoff from six types of underlying surface area during five rainfall events in two urban study areas of Wenzhou City, China was investigated to measure phosphorus (P) concentrations and discharge rates. The average event mean concentrations (EMCs) of total phosphorus (TP), total dissolved phosphorus (TDP), and particulate phosphorus (PP) ranged from 0.02 to 2.5 mg?·?L(-1), 0.01 to 0.48 mg?·?L(-1), and 0.02 to 2.43 mg?·?L(-1), respectively. PP was generally the dominant component of TP in storm runoff, while the major form of P varied over time, especially in roof runoff, where TDP made up the largest portion in the latter stages of runoff events. Both TP and PP concentrations were positively correlated with pH, total suspended solids (TSS), and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)/chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations (p?

Zhou, Dong; Bi, Chun-Juan; Chen, Zhen-Lou; Yu, Zhong-Jie; Wang, Jun; Han, Jing-Chao

2013-05-21

83

Screening for Drug Abuse Among Medical and Nonmedical Users of Prescription Drugs in a Probability Sample of College Students  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the prevalence of medical and nonmedical use of 4 classes of prescription drugs (opioid, stimulant, sleeping, and sedative or anxiety) and to assess probable drug abuse among 4 mutually exclusive groups of medical and nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Design In 2005, a Web survey was self-administered by a probability sample of 3639 college students (68% response rate). Setting A large, midwestern 4-year university. Participants The sample had a mean age of 19.9 years, and respondents were 53.6% female, 67.4% white, 12.1% Asian, 6.0% African American, 4.2% Hispanic, and 10.2% other racial categories. Main Outcome Measures Medical and nonmedical use of prescription drugs was measured. Probable drug abuse was assessed using a modified version of the Drug Abuse Screening Test, Short Form. Results A total of 40.1% of respondents reported no lifetime use of at least 1 of 4 classes of prescription drugs, 39.7% reported medical use only, 15.8% reported both medical and nonmedical use, and 4.4% reported nonmedical use only. The odds of a positive screening result for drug abuse were greater among medical and nonmedical users (adjusted odds ratio, 5.5; 95% confidence interval, 3.4–7.3) and nonmedical users only (adjusted odds ratio, 6.5; 95% confidence interval, 4.0–10.6) compared with nonusers. The odds of a positive screening result for drug abuse did not differ between medical users only and nonusers. Conclusions Nonmedical users of prescription drugs are at heightened risk for drug abuse, whereas medical users without a history of nonmedical use are generally not at increased risk. Drug abuse screening should be routine for college students, especially among individuals with any history of nonmedical use of prescription drugs.

McCabe, Sean Esteban

2008-01-01

84

Contribution of medical colleges to tuberculosis control in India under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP): lessons learnt & challenges ahead.  

PubMed

Medical college faculty, who are academicians are seldom directly involved in the implementation of national public health programmes. More than a decade ago for the first time in the global history of tuberculosis (TB) control, medical colleges of India were involved in the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) of Government of India (GOI). This report documents the unique and extraordinary course of events that led to the involvement of medical colleges in the RNTCP of GOI. It also reports the contributions made by the medical colleges to TB control in India. For more than a decade, medical colleges have been providing diagnostic services (Designated Microscopy Centres), treatment [Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) Centres] referral for treatment, recording and reporting data, carrying out advocacy for RNTCP and conducting operational research relevant to RNTCP. Medical colleges are contributing to diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-TB co-infection and development of laboratory infrastructure for early diagnosis of multidrug-resistant and/or extensively drug-resistant TB (M/XDR-TB) and DOTS-Plus sites for treatment of MDR-TB cases. Overall, at a national level, medical colleges have contributed to 25 per cent of TB suspects referred for diagnosis; 23 per cent of 'new smear-positives' diagnosed; 7 per cent of DOT provision within medical college; and 86 per cent treatment success rate among new smear-positive patients. As the Programme widens its scope, future challenges include sustenance of this contribution and facilitating universal access to quality TB care; greater involvement in operational research relevant to the Programme needs; and better co-ordination mechanisms between district, state, zonal and national level to encourage their involvement. PMID:23563371

Sharma, Surendra K; Mohan, Alladi; Chauhan, L S; Narain, J P; Kumar, P; Behera, D; Sachdeva, K S; Kumar, Ashok; Agarwal, Priyanka; Awadh, N T; Bansal, Avi; Baruah, S; Baruwa, Pranab; Balasangameshwara, V H; Balasubramanian, Rani; Bhardwaj, A K; Bhargav, Salil; Chadha, Sarabjit; Chaddha, V K; Chhatwal, Manpreet; Da Costa, A L; Dash, D P; Dep, Jaydip; Dhingra, Saroj; Dhooria Harmeet, S; Frieden, T R; Garg, Anil; Granich, Reuben; Gulati, Vinay; Gupta, Deepak; Gupta, Dheeraj; Gupta, K B; Gupta, K N; Jaikishan; Janmeja, A K; Jawahar, M S; Jethani, S L; Jindal, S K; John, K R; Kalra, O P; Kalra, V P; Kannan, A T; Kayshap, S; Keshav Chander, G; Khushwa, S S; Kushwaha, R S; Kumar, Vinod; Laskar, B; Leela Itty Amma, K R; Leuva, A T; Maitra Malay, K; Mesquita, A M; Mathew, Thomas; Mundade, Yamuna; Munje, Radha; Nagpal, Somil; Nagaraja, C; Nair, Sanjeev; Narayanan, O R; Paramasivan, C N; Parmar, Malik; Prasad, Rajendra; Phukan, A C; Prasanna, Raj; Purty, Anil; Ramachandran, Ranjani; Ramachandran, Rajeswari; Ravindran, C; Reddy Raveendra, H R; Sahu, S; Santosha; Sarin, Rohit; Sarkar, Soumya; Sarma, K C; Saxena, P; Sehgal, Shruti; Sharath, N; Sharma, Geetanjali; Sharma, Nandini; Shridhar, P K; Shukla, R S; Singh, Om; Singh, N Tombi; Singh, Varinder; Singla, Rupak; Sinha, Neena; Sinha, Pranay; Sinha, Sanjay; Solanki, Rajesh; Sreenivas, A; Srinath, S; Subhakar, Kandi; Suri, J C; Talukdar, Palash; Tonsing, Jamie; Tripathy, S P; Vaidyanathan, Preetish; Vashist, R P; Venu, K

2013-02-01

85

Ringxiety and the Mobile Phone Usage Pattern among the Students of a Medical College in South India.  

PubMed

Aims: Technologies like mobile phones may not always work positively but they may have unforeseen adverse effects. This study was conducted to find the proportion of students who experienced ringxiety (phantom ringing) and other perceived effects, as well as the pattern of the mobile phone usage among college students. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, south India, among 336 medical students by using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Among the total number of students, 335 students possessed mobile phones. Mostly, the persons whom they talked to on their phones were parents for 220 (51%) of the students. 48% (150) talked for less than half hour in a day and 41% (137) were high volume message users. "Ringxiety" was experienced by 34.5% (116) of the students and they were more likely to use their phones at restricted places like classrooms (99%) and libraries (60.3%). A significantly larger proportion of ringxiety sufferers also complained of hampered studies. Conclusion: The pattern of mobile phone use among the medical students appeared to be problematic, as a fairly large proportion suffered from ringxiety, they reported getting very upset and they used their phones at restricted times and places. This problem needs to be recognized, all stakeholders must be made aware of the symptoms and measures must be taken to reduce it. PMID:23542709

Subba, Sonu H; Mandelia, Chetan; Pathak, Vaibhav; Reddy, Divya; Goel, Akanksha; Tayal, Ayushi; Nair, Swati; Nagaraj, Kondagunta

2013-02-01

86

An optimal painless treatment for early hemorrhoids; our experience in Government Medical College and Hospital.  

PubMed

Objective - To evaluate the efficacy of Infrared Coagulation Therapy (IRC) for hemorrhoids. IRC is a painless, safe and successful procedure. Place and duration of study - Department of Surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector-32, Chandigarh, India, from August 2006 to October 2008. The choice of procedure depends on the patient's symptoms, the extent of the hemorrhoidal disease, and the experience of the surgeon along with the availability of the techniques/instruments. Materials and methods - This is a prospective study done from August 2006 to October 2008. Total number of 155 patients was included in the study. Infrared Coagulation Therapy (IRC) was performed through a special designed proctoscope. Patients excluded were with coagulopathy disorders, fissure in ano, and anal ulcers. Results - It is an outpatient Department (OPD), non-surgical, ambulatory, painless and bloodless procedure, without any hospital stay. Early recovery and minimal recurrence of hemorrhoids were noted without any morbidity or mortality. We have studied 155 patients, treated with IRC on OPD basis. Surgery was required in few patients in whom IRC failed or was contraindicated. Out of the total 155 patients, 127 came for follow up. After the 1st sitting of IRC therapy: out of 127; 43 patients got a total relief, mass shrinkage was of > 75% in 57 cases and < 50% in 14 cases. Twenty-eight cases did not come for follow-up. In the 2nd sitting, out of 84/127; 58 patients got a total relief, >75% relief in 15 cases and >50 % relief in 11 patients. In the 3rd sitting out of 26/84 cases: 13 cases got a total relief and 13 cases refused to take the third sitting; however, in 7 cases the hemorrhoidal mass shrank up to 50% after the two sittings. These 14 were operated as there was no relief from bleeding after giving two sittings of IRC. Our opinion is that, in the above 14 cases, the patient might have not followed the instructions properly for dietary habits. Conclusion - IRC is a safe, simple and effective procedure for early hemorrhoids without any complications. IRC is nowadays the world's leading office treatment for hemorrhoids. IRC is a better option than the surgical treatment as it is easy, well tolerated, and remarkably complication-free. In our study, we have not used any course of antibiotics. In the management of early hemorrhoids, IRC should be considered as a simple trouble-free and painless option. PMID:24146691

Singal, R; Gupta, S; Dalal, Ak; Dalal, U; Attri, Ak

2013-09-25

87

[The concept of the organ, as a hierarchal unit of human body, and its place in teaching histology at the medical university and medical college].  

PubMed

This paper deals with the methodological aspects of teaching histology at the medical university and medical college. The authors raise the issue of the necessity of teaching of the topic "Introduction to Special Histology" and the inclusion of the appropriate chapter into the textbooks. This is important for the students, as the formation of the general concepts of organ structure and function, components, and classification will aid in the further study of specific organs during the course of Special Histology. The authors describe their own experience in teaching of the section, dedicated to the general regularities of organ structure, present some definitions and classifications that are used by them for a number of years. PMID:21954715

Miadelets, O D; Miadelets, N Ia; Miadelets, V O

2011-01-01

88

American College of Medical Genetics guideline on the cytogenetic evaluation of the individual with developmental delay or mental retardation  

PubMed Central

The following are the recommendations of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) Professional Practice and Guidelines Committee, which was convened to assist health care professionals in making decisions regarding cytogenetic diagnostic testing and counseling for mental retardation (MR) and developmental delay (DD). This document reviews available evidence concerning the value of conventional and molecular cytogenetic testing for the identification of chromosomal anomalies that play a role in the etiology of MR/DD, and, based on this evidence, specific recommendations for each method of testing are provided.

Shaffer, Lisa G.

2005-01-01

89

The Declining Applicant Pool: Implications for the Selection of Medical Students Proceedings of a Conference of the Association of American Medical Colleges (Washington, D.C., June 13-14, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proceedings of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) conference on the declining applicant pool and implications for the selection of medical students is presented in six parts. Part 1, The Down Side of the Slope, includes four papers: "The Declining Applicant Pool: An Overview" (R. Petersdorf); "Applications: Disease or…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

90

Relationship between scores on developing cognitive abilities test and scores on medical college admissions test for nontraditional premedical students.  

PubMed

The relationship of students' performance on the Developing Cognitive Abilities Test (DCAT), a test of scholastic aptitude, and their subsequent performance on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) were examined for 122 nontraditional premedical students who participated in a medical educational preparatory program. A stepwise multiple regression analysis produced moderate, though significant multiple correlations among subscores on the two tests. While there were a few exceptions, for the most part all of the subscores on the Developing Cognitive Abilities Test made a significant contribution to the regression equation in the prediction of scores on MCAT subtests. Implications for the value of the Developing Cognitive Abilities Test as an admissions tool as well as providing direction for possible intervention are discussed. PMID:2236420

Henry, P; Bardo, H R

1990-08-01

91

The pitfalls of deducing ethics from behavioral economics: why the Association of American Medical Colleges is wrong about pharmaceutical detailing.  

PubMed

The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) is urging academic medical centers to ban pharmaceutical detailing. This policy followed from a consideration of behavioral and neuroeconomics research. I argue that this research did not warrant the conclusions drawn from it. Pharmaceutical detailing carries risks of cognitive error for physicians, as do other forms of information exchange. Physicians may overcome such risks; those determined to do so may ethically engage in pharmaceutical detailing. Whether or not they should do so is a prudential judgment about which reasonable people may disagree. The AAMC's ethical condemnation of detailing is unwarranted and will subvert efforts to maintain a realm of physician discretion in clinical work that is increasingly threatened in our present practice environment. PMID:20077321

Huddle, Thomas S

2010-01-01

92

Pill-poppers and dopers: A comparison of non-medical prescription drug use and illicit\\/street drug use among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from the 2001 College Alcohol Study, a national sample of U.S. college students, were used to conduct multinomial logistic regression analysis examining correlates of substance use. Students were divided into three groups based on their lifetime substance use: non-users, non-medical prescription drug use only, and illicit\\/street drug use only. The purpose of this analytic strategy was to examine the

Jason A. Ford; Meagan C. Arrastia

2008-01-01

93

Misuse of Prescribed Stimulant Medication for ADHD and Associated Patterns of Substance Use: Preliminary Analysis Among College Students  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore the prevalence and characteristics associated with college students who misuse their prescribed stimulants for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and examine diversion and substance use behaviors as a function of misuse. Methods Cohort of 55 past-year prescribed stimulant users was identified from a random sample (n = 1738) at a large Midwestern research university following the self-administration of a web-based survey. An index was created to assess misuse of prescribed stimulants (i.e., Misuse Index). Results Of 55 college students who reported past-year use of prescribed stimulants for ADHD, 22 (40%) endorsed at least one item on the misuse index. The most frequently endorsed misuse items were used too much (36%), self-reported misuse (19%), and intentionally used with alcohol or other drugs (19%). Misusers of prescribed stimulant medication were more likely to report cigarette smoking (p = 0.022), binge drinking (p = 0.022), illicit use of cocaine (p = 0.032), and screen positive on the Drug Abuse Screening test (DAST-10) criteria (p = 0.002). The bivariate odds ratio for the DAST-10 findings was 8.4 (95% CI: 2.0–34.6). Diversion of prescribed stimulants was common (36%) and occurred more frequently among stimulant misusers (57%; p = 0.008). Conclusion There is a strong relationship between misuse of prescribed stimulants for ADHD and substance use behaviors, as well as other deleterious behaviors such as diversion. These findings suggest the need for close screening, assessment, and therapeutic monitoring of medication use in the college population.

Sepulveda, Dalissa R.; Thomas, Lisl M.; McCabe, Sean Esteban; Cranford, James A.; Boyd, Carol J.; Teter, Christian J.

2012-01-01

94

Information Literacy among Medical Students in the College of Health Sciences in Niger Delta University, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The aim of this paper is to investigate whether undergraduate students in the College of Health Sciences in Niger Delta University are information literate, and to determine whether they are aware of and use different information resources including electronic ones, and to assess their ability to evaluate information before use.…

Baro, Emmanuel E.; Endouware, Benake-ebide C.; Ubogu, Janet O.

2011-01-01

95

Information Literacy among Medical Students in the College of Health Sciences in Niger Delta University, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to investigate whether undergraduate students in the College of Health Sciences in Niger Delta University are information literate, and to determine whether they are aware of and use different information resources including electronic ones, and to assess their ability to evaluate information before use.…

Baro, Emmanuel E.; Endouware, Benake-ebide C.; Ubogu, Janet O.

2011-01-01

96

Illicit Use of Prescription ADHD Medications on a College Campus: A Multimethodological Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors used quantitative and qualitative methodologies to investigate college students' perceptions and use of illegal Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) stimulants during spring and summer 2006. Participants: From fall 2005 through fall 2006, the authors studied 1,811 undergraduates at a large, public, southeastern…

DeSantis, Alan D.; Webb, Elizabeth M.; Noar, Seth M.

2008-01-01

97

Illicit Use of Prescription ADHD Medications on a College Campus: A Multimethodological Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors used quantitative and qualitative methodologies to investigate college students' perceptions and use of illegal Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) stimulants during spring and summer 2006. Participants: From fall 2005 through fall 2006, the authors studied 1,811 undergraduates at a large, public, southeastern…

DeSantis, Alan D.; Webb, Elizabeth M.; Noar, Seth M.

2008-01-01

98

Information literacy among medical students in the College of Health Sciences in Niger Delta University, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to investigate whether undergraduate students in the College of Health Sciences in Niger Delta University are information literate, and to determine whether they are aware of and use different information resources including electronic ones, and to assess their ability to evaluate information before use. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Questionnaire and interview methods were used

Emmanuel E. Baro; Benake-ebide C. Endouware; Janet O. Ubogu

2011-01-01

99

Perception of foreign cigarettes and their advertising in China: a study of college students from 12 universities  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To examine how deeply foreign cigarette advertising had penetrated the Chinese market when a new ban on cigarette advertising was enacted in February 1995.?DESIGN—A survey using self-completion questionnaires administered in college classrooms from November 1994 to March 1995.?SETTINGS—Eight universities and four medical schools in three Chinese cities: Beijing, Wenzhou, and Hangzhou.?SUBJECTS—1896 college students who agreed to complete a written questionnaire. The mean age was 21.2 years; 39.5% of respondents were female.?RESULTS—Four of the top eight cigarette brands most familiar to the respondents were foreign: Marlboro, 555, Kent, and Hilton. Advertisements for the foreign brands were much more likely to be seen than those for the domestic brands; those for Marlboro were reported most often (29.7%), followed by 555 (21.8%) and Kent (18.1%). Among smokers, Marlboro was the most preferred foreign brand, by 44.2%. The preference for Marlboro was also correlated with smokers having seen its advertisements. Most respondents, 71.8%, believed that cigarette advertising should be banned.?CONCLUSIONS—The previous restrictions on cigarette advertising in China failed to prevent a large portion of the population from seeing and understanding the advertisements. Before the 1995 advertising ban took effect, strict limitations on imports of foreign cigarettes notwithstanding, certain highly advertised brands such as Marlboro achieved wide recognition and even consumer preference. Stricter restrictions are suggested as previous ones have failed to achieve their intended effects.???Keywords: China; advertising; brand preferences

Zhu, S.; Li, D.; Feng, B.; Zhu, T.; Anderson, C.

1998-01-01

100

A medical college service for computer-generated graphics with DIY aspects.  

PubMed

This paper describes the setting-up and management of a computer graphics service, mainly for producing 2 x 2 inch projection slides, by a department of medical illustration within a medical school. The service has been arranged to provide a limited facility for composing original illustrations by computer and to encourage medical and scientific staff to compose their own illustrations. These are recorded on magnetic disc for review and possible adjustment by medical illustrators. Images are then output as slides or paper prints by the medical illustration department. The range of equipment and apparatus used is described and evaluated briefly. Also described are the effects of the introduction of a computer-generated graphics service on the general work of non-patient slide production in the department. PMID:1812152

Marshall, R J; Young, S; Rees, S A

1991-10-01

101

Stress and Its Effects on Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study at a College of Medicine in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Medical education is perceived as being stressful, and a high level of stress may have a negative effect on cognitive functioning and learning of students in a medical school. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of stress among medical students and to observe an association between the levels of stress and their academic performance, including the sources of their stress. All the medical students from year one to year five levels from the College of Medicine, King Saud University, were enrolled in the study. The study was conducted using Kessler10 psychological distress (K10) inventory, which measures the level of stress according to none, mild, moderate, and severe categories. The prevalence of stress was measured and compared with the five study variables, such as gender, academic year, academic grades, regularity to course attendance, and perceived physical problems. The response rate among the study subjects was 87% (n=892). The total prevalence of stress was 63%, and the prevalence of severe stress was 25%. The prevalence of stress was higher (p<0.5) among females (75.7%) than among males (57%) (odds ratio=2.3, ?2=27.2, p<0.0001). The stress significantly decreased as the year of study increased, except for the final year. The study variables, including being female (p<0.0001), year of study (p<0.001), and presence of perceived physical problems (p<0.0001), were found as independent significant risk factors for the outcome variables of stress. Students' grade point average (academic score) or regularity to attend classes was not significantly associated with the stress level. The prevalence of stress was higher during the initial three years of study and among the female students. Physical problems are associated with high stress levels. Preventive mental health services, therefore, could be made an integral part of routine clinical services for medical students, especially in the initial academic years, to prevent such occurrence.

AlKanhal, Abdulaziz A.; Mahmoud, Ebrahim S.; Ponnamperuma, Gominda G.; Alfaris, Eiad A.

2011-01-01

102

Providing medical information to college health center personnel: a circuit Librarian Service at the University of Illinois.  

PubMed

College health center personnel are no different from other health practitioners in their need for medical information. To help meet this need, the McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, developed a partnership in 1997 with the Library of the Health Sciences-Urbana, a regional site library of the University of Illinois at Chicago campus. This partnership led to the adoption of circuit librarianship, a dynamic outreach model, to enhance access to health information for McKinley Health Center personnel. A circuit librarian consults with health center personnel during regularly scheduled on-site visits to the center and its satellite office. Upon returning to the resource library, the circuit librarian conducts research for clinical information on behalf of the center's personnel, then sees that articles, books, and relevant Web sites are identified and delivered to assist in answering questions regarding disease management, drug therapy, wellness, and health administration. PMID:14765763

Stumpff, Julia C

103

Curricular Reform of the 4th Year of Medical School: The Colleges Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the evolution of the fourth year of medical school in the United States, current strengths and weaknesses of the fourth year program, and a major curricular reform initiative at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. (SLD)|

Slavin, Stuart J.; Wilkes, Michael S.; Usatine, Richard P.; Hoffman, Jerome R.

2003-01-01

104

Moral maps and medical imaginaries: clinical tourism at Malawi's College of Medicine.  

PubMed

At an understaffed and underresourced urban African training hospital, Malawian medical students learn to be doctors while foreign medical students, visiting Malawi as clinical tourists on short-term electives, learn about “global health.” Scientific ideas circulate fast there; clinical tourists circulate readily from outside to Malawi but not the reverse; medical technologies circulate slowly, erratically, and sometimes not at all. Medicine's uneven globalization is on full display. I extend scholarship on moral imaginations and medical imaginaries to propose that students map these wards variously as places in which—or from which—they seek a better medicine. Clinical tourists, enacting their own moral maps, also become representatives of medicine “out there”: points on the maps of others. Ethnographic data show that for Malawians, clinical tourists are colleagues, foils against whom they construct ideas about a superior and distinctly Malawian medicine and visions of possible alternative futures for themselves. PMID:22662357

Wendland, Claire L

2012-01-01

105

The Impact of an Online Educational Video and a Medical Amnesty Policy on College Students' Intentions to Seek Help in the Presence of Alcohol Poisoning Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study analyzed the impact of a medical amnesty policy and an online alcohol poisoning video on college students' intentions to seek help when witnessing alcohol poisoning symptoms. Students were randomly assigned to receive an amnesty policy, alcohol poisoning video, or both. The group that received both treatments was most likely to seek…

Oster-Aaland, Laura; Thompson, Kevin; Eighmy, Myron

2011-01-01

106

Over-the-Counter Medication and Herbal or Dietary Supplement Use in College: Dose Frequency and Relationship to Self-Reported Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: A growing number of researchers have examined the use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications and herbal or dietary supplements among college students. There is concern about the efficacy and safety of these products, particularly because students appear to use them at a higher rate than does the general public. Participants and Methods:…

Stasio, Michael J.; Curry, Kim; Sutton-Skinner, Kelly M.; Glassman, Destinee M.

2008-01-01

107

Academic Strain and Non-Medical Use of Prescription Stimulants among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research indicates that the prevalence of non-medical prescription drug use is now greater than the prevalence of other illicit drug use, with the exception of marijuana. Existing research focuses on demographic characteristics of users, risk factors and motivations for use, and sources of diversion. A significant gap in the extant literature is an examination of theoretical predictors of use.

Jason A. Ford; Ryan D. Schroeder

2008-01-01

108

Are biomedical exchange programs inside The People's Republic of China feasible: report of a six-month study at Hubei Provincial Medical College.  

PubMed Central

Between November 1979 and April 1980 we lived at Hubei Provincial Medical College (HPMC) in Wuchang, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China, in order to organize an exchange program on behalf of the Infectious Disease Section at Yale University School of Medicine. HPMC consists of a medical college, two affiliated Western-style medical hospitals, and a dental hospital. This institution and the living and working conditions arranged on our behalf are described. Ultimately our work centered on epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF), a disease with a high incidence in Southern China; the study of EHF may serve as a focal point for ongoing collaborations. Our results suggest that institution-to-institution exchange programs are feasible and will probably become more common in the future. Images FIG. 4

Henderson, G. E.; Cohen, M. S.

1981-01-01

109

Prevalence of Chikungunya in Urban Field Practice Area of a Private Medical College, Chennai  

PubMed Central

Background: The outbreak of Chikungunya in India started during December 2005 with more than 11,00,000 cases. Many cases with symptoms suggestive of Chikungunya reported to our urban health-training centre. Hence this study was done to estimate the prevalence of Chikungunya, to study the common treatment-seeking behavior, control measures and the sequalae of Chikungunya by follow-up. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in Anagaputhur an urban field practice area of our college. The study was done on a sample selected by systematic random sampling. Any person with fever and joint pain, with an onset from 1 August 2006 to 31 August 2006, were enrolled as cases. The cases were followed up after three months. Results: Chikungunya prevalence in the community was 22.3%; 52% of them were females and 56% of cases were in the 15-44 years age group. Median duration of acute phase was three days. Ninety-one percent of them had multiple joints’ involvement. Seventy-eight percent sought treatment from the private sector. Sixty-seven percent reported artificial collections of water around their household and 44% complained of mosquito problems during the day. Eighty-eight percent used mosquito repellents for personal protection. On follow-up 95% of them had residual joint pain, 43% had residual joint swelling and 11% had disabilities with median duration of 30 days. Conclusions: Prevalence of Chikungunya was 22.3%, predominantly affecting the age group of 15-44 years and females. The private sector was commonly sought for treatment. Entomological survey indicated Aedes breeding. Eleven percent had disabilities due to the sequelae.

Balasubramaniam, Sudharsanam M; Krishnakumar, J; Stephen, Thattiparthi; Gaur, Rashmi; Appavoo, NC

2011-01-01

110

Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine: an innovative approach to medical education and the training of physician investigators.  

PubMed

Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine (CCLCM) is an innovative, five-year medical education track within Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (Case) with a focused mission to attract and educate a limited number of highly qualified persons who seek to become physician investigators. CCLCM curriculum governance, faculty appointments and promotions, and admissions committees are integrated with respective Case committees. The CCLCM curriculum is based on faculty-defined professional attributes that graduates are expected to develop. These attributes were used to create curricular and assessment principles that guided the development of an integrated basic science, clinical science, and research curriculum, conducted in an active learning environment. An organ-system approach is used to solidify an understanding of basic science discipline threads in the context of relevant clinical problems presented in PBL and case-based discussion formats. Clinical skills are introduced in the first year as part of the two-year longitudinal experience with a family practice or internal medicine physician. The research program provides all students with opportunities to learn and experience basic and translational research and clinical research before selecting a research topic for their 12- to 15-month master-level thesis project. All Case students participate in required and elective clinical curriculum after the second year, but CCLCM students return to the Cleveland Clinic on selected Friday afternoons for program-specific research and professionalism-learning activities. A unique portfolio-based assessment system is used to assess student achievements in nine competency areas, seven of which reflect the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies. PMID:17414197

Fishleder, Andrew J; Henson, Lindsey C; Hull, Alan L

2007-04-01

111

[Serologic researches conducted towards toxoplasmosis in the department of microbiology of Jagiellonian university medical college in in 2005 year].  

PubMed

Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common zoonotic infection among people. Mostly asymptomatic, in few cases it may be dangerous for men's health and life. A primary infection in pregnant women and in patients with immune deficiency is especially serious in results. Diagnostic tests, which enable to distinguish the latent phase of the infection from the active one play a preponderant role in the fight against toxoplasmosis. In the present research we have showed the analysis of the levels of specific antibodies during the 7T gondii infection. The aim of our study was to evaluate prevalence of T gondii and number of acute and chronic infections among patients examined by Department of Microbiology of Jagiellonian University Medical College in Cracow in 2005 year. Sabin-Feldmana dye test and enzyme immunoassay ELISA have been applied. The prevalence of T gondii antibodies in studied population were 59.5%. Chronic infections were showed in the group of 71.3% examined patients. Amount of acute toxoplasmosis infections estimated about 18.4%. PMID:20873490

Pityhiska-Kumik, Grazyna; Rewicka, Maria; Heczko, Piotr B

2010-01-01

112

ABC-VED Analysis of a Drug Store in the Department of Community Medicine of a Medical College in Delhi  

PubMed Central

A matrix based on coupling of cost (always, better and control) analysis and criticality (vital, essential and desirable) analysis was employed for drug inventory containing 129 items of drug store in the Department of Community Medicine of a Medical College in Delhi. The annual drug expenditure incurred on 129 drug items for the year 2010-2011 was found to be Rs. 4,35,847.85. On always, better and control analysis, 18.6, 24.0 and 57.4% drugs were found to be always, better and control category items, respectively, amounting for 69.1, 20.8 and 10.1% of annual drug expenditure. About 13.2 (17), 38.8 (50) and 48.0% (62) items were found to be vital, essential and desirable category items, respectively, amounting for 18.7, 49.5 and 31.8% of annual drug expenditure. Based on always, better and control-vital, essential and desirable matrix analysis there were 37 (28.68%) items in category I, 53 (41.09%) items in category II and 39 (30.23%) items in category III, amounting for 73.0, 22.2 and 4.8% of annual drug expenditure, respectively. To conclude, scientific inventory management tools are needed to be applied in routine for efficient management of the pharmacy stores as it contributes to not only in improvement in patient care but also judicious use of resources as well.

Anand, T.; Ingle, G. K.; Kishore, J.; Kumar, R

2013-01-01

113

Medical students' perception of the educational environment in a medical college in India: a cross-sectional study using the Dundee Ready Education Environment questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess student perceptions of the environment in this medical college using the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM). Methods: Cross-sectional study; 348 medical student volunteers (68.1%) of all semesters participated (511 enrolled). DREEM has 50 items, each rated from 0–4 (Likert scale: 0, strongly disagree to 4, strongly agree), that measure five domains: students’ perceptions of learning; perceptions of teachers; academic self-perception; perceptions of the atmosphere; and social self-perception. Mean item scores, domain scores, and global scores were computed. Results: The three highest rated items were knowledgeable teachers, having good friends, and confidence about passing; the three most problematic items were a poor support system for stressed students, inability to memorize everything, and over-emphasis on factual learning. The percentage score for perception of learning (47.26± 14.85) was significantly lower than that for teachers (52.28± 9.91; P< 0.001); academic self-perception (52.14 ± 15.21; P < 0.001); perception of the atmosphere (51.21 ± 13.60; P = 0.001); and social self-perception (50.63± 13.90; P= 0.010). The global scores were lowest for eighth-semester students (89.8± 21.24) when compared to second (101.33± 21.05; P= 0.003), fourth (107.69± 18.96; P< 0.001), and sixth (100.07± 20.61; P= 0.020). Conclusion: Improvement is required across all domains of the educational environment at this institution. Students, particularly of the eighth semester, perceived the teaching negatively. The lowest scores were given to the support system, burdensome course content, and factual learning; thus, a hybrid curriculum that includes problem-based learning might provide students with stimulating learning; structured clinical teaching with specific curricular objectives, as well as mentoring of senior students by faculty and near-peers, might improve the learning environment for senior students.

2013-01-01

114

Three years audit of the emergency patients in the department of ENT of a rural medical college.  

PubMed

Surgical audit is a systematic, critical analysis of the quality of surgical care provided, with the aims of improving quality of care, continuing education for surgeons, and guiding appropriate use of health resources. Emergency service is an integral part of any discipline of clinical medicine and it is considered as an indicator of quality of healthcare system. A three years record based, retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out in the department of ear, nose and throat (ENT) of Midnapore Medical College, Paschim Medinipur,West Bengal to identify the total attendance of various emergency patients, diagnosis made thereafter, the mode of interference and outcome and the potential problems in the quality of care provided to the community. A total of 9051 patients had been admitted/attended in the ENT emergency from January 2008 to December 2010 who were included in this audit. Detailed statistical analysis of the data showed male: female (2.38:1) with the peak in the first decade of life. Majority of the patients were from Medinipur sadar (58.43%). The total otological cases were maximum (42.41%) in comparison to nose (28.98%) and throat (28.60%). The most common ear emergencies were earache due to impacted wax, acute suppurative otitis media, foreign body ear and the trauma/injury. Chronic suppurative otitis media with complications were the least. Amongst the sinonasal emergency, the most common aetiology was the epistaxis and foreign body nose in children. The different types of foreign body impaction in the throat and the inflammatory condition of throat or the inspiratory stridor due to upper airway obstruction were the main emergency situation recorded. Some cases were fatal. The overall mortality was 0.44%. PMID:23360039

Barman, Debasis; Maridal, Satadal; Goswami, Saileswar; Hembram, Rabi

2012-06-01

115

An international model for geriatrics program development in China: the Johns Hopkins-Peking Union Medical College experience.  

PubMed

China has the world's largest and most rapidly growing older adult population. Recent dramatic socioeconomic changes, including a large number of migrating workers leaving their elderly parents and grandparents behind and the 4:2:1 family structure caused by the one-child policy, have greatly compromised the traditional Chinese family support for older adults. These demographic and socioeconomic factors, the improved living standards, and the quest for higher quality of life are creating human economic pressures. The plight of senior citizens is leading to an unprecedented need for geriatrics expertise in China. To begin to address this need, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHU) and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) have developed a joint international project aimed at establishing a leadership program at the PUMC Hospital that will promote quality geriatrics care, education, and aging research for China. Important components of this initiative include geriatrics competency training for PUMC physicians and nurses in the Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology at JHU, establishing a geriatrics demonstration ward at the PUMC Hospital, faculty exchange between JHU and PUMC, and on-site consultation by JHU geriatrics faculty. This article describes the context and history of this ongoing collaboration and important components, progress, challenges, and future prospects, focusing on the JHU experience. Specific and practical recommendations are made for those who plan such international joint ventures. With such unique experiences, it is hoped that this will serve as a useful model for international geriatrics program development for colleagues in the United States and abroad. PMID:20533962

Leng, Sean X; Tian, Xinping; Liu, Xiaohong; Lazarus, Gerald; Bellantoni, Michele; Greenough, William; Fried, Linda P; Shen, Ti; Durso, Samuel C

2010-06-01

116

Compliance to anti-diabetic drugs: observations from the diabetic clinic of a medical college in kolkata, India.  

PubMed

Background: The poor glycaemic control among the patients with type 2 diabetes constitutes a major public health problem and a major risk factor for the development of diabetes complications. Aim of the Study: To study the compliance rate of the patients with type 2 diabetes to the prescribed medications, to find out its correlation with different socio-demographic factors and other patient characteristics and to find out the reasons behind the non-compliance, if any. Settings and Design: This cross sectional study was conducted on the patients with type 2 diabetes, who Attended the Diabetic Clinic of a Medical College in Kolkata, India. Methods and Material: The patients of type 2 diabetes who attended the diabetes clinic between April to August 2012 were recruited in the study by systematic random sampling and they were interviewed by using the help of a structured interview schedule. The patients who reported taking less than 80% of their prescribed anti-diabetes medicines in the preceding week and had HbA1C of < 7% were considered to be non-compliant. Statistical Analysis Used: The data was analyzed by using the SPSS software. The Chi-square test was used to assess the association of the compliance with the different study variables. A binary logistic regression analysis helped in identifying the factors which contributed to the non-compliance. Results: The compliance rate to the anti-diabetic drugs was found to be 57.7%. A univariate analysis showed that it decreased significantly with increasing age and that it was also significantly lower among males, illiterates, those with a poor per capita monthly income and those who had a longer duration of diabetes. It varied significantly with the type of drugs, being lowest with an oral drug and insulin combination (43.4%). No knowledge on the complications of diabetes was significantly associated with a lower compliance. The binary logistic regression also helped in identifying these as the significant contributory factors. The common reasons behind the non-compliance were forgetfulness (44.7%) and financial constraints (32.7%). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the compliance to anti-diabetic drugs was quite poor among the participants. Increasing age, the male sex, illiteracy, a low monthly income and a longer duration of diabetes were significantly associated with the non compliance. A more concerning fact was the significant association of the non-compliance with the types of drug regimens and a lack of knowledge on the complications of diabetes, which emphasized the role of a repeated patient education regarding the basic aspects of diabetes. PMID:23730641

Mukherjee, Shuvankar; Sharmasarkar, Biswanath; Das, Kaushik Kumar; Bhattacharyya, Agnihotri; Deb, Animesh

2013-02-15

117

DEVELOPING AN INTEGRATED ORGAN/SYSTEM CURRICULUM WITH COMMUNITY-ORIENTATION FOR A NEW MEDICAL COLLEGE IN JAZAN, SAUDI ARABIA  

PubMed Central

Background: Jazan province is located in the south-west of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The province is offlicted with a wide spectrum of diseases and therefore have a special need for more health services. The Faculty of Medicine at Jazan has been following the traditional curriculum since its inception in 2001. The traditional curriculum has been criticized because of the students inability to relate what they learned in the basic sciences to medicine, thus stifling their motivation. It was felt that much of what was presented in preclinical courses was irrelevant to what the doctor really needed to know for his practice. The College therefore, decided to change to an integrated curriculum. Design: The study was conducted in 2004-2005 in the Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University. It began with a literature survey/search for relevant information and a series of meetings with experts from various institutions. A Curriculum Committee was formed and a set of guiding principles was prepared to help develop the new curriculum. A standard curriculum writing format was adopted for each module. It was decided that an independent evaluation of the new curriculum was to be done by experts in medical education before submission for official approval. There were several difficulties in the course of designing the curriculum, such as: provision of vertical integration, the lack of preparedness of faculty to teach an integrated curriculum, and difficulties inherent in setting a truly integrated examination. Curriculum: The program designed is for 6 years and in 3 phases; pre-med (year 1), organ/system (years 2 and 3), and clinical clerkship (years 4, 5, and 6). This is to be followed by a year of Internship. The pre-med phase aims at improving the students’ English language and prepare them for the succeeding phases. The organ/ system phase includes the integrated systems and the introductory modules. The curriculum includes elective modules, early clinical training, behavioral sciences, medical ethics, biostatistics, computer practice, and research methods. The curriculum provides active methods of instruction that include: small group discussion/ tutorials, problem-based learning (PBL), case-study/ clinical presentations, seminars, skills practice (clinical skill lab), practical, demonstration, and student independent learning. Methods of evaluating students include continuous and summative assessment. Conclusion: The new curriculum adopted by the Jazan Faculty of Medicine is an integrated, organ/ system based, community-oriented, with early clinical skills, elective modules, and innovative methods of instructions.

El-Naggar, Mostafa M.; Ageely, Hussein; Salih, Mohamed A.; Dawoud, Hamdy; Milaat, Waleed A.

2007-01-01

118

Compliance to Anti-Diabetic Drugs: Observations from the Diabetic Clinic of a Medical College in Kolkata, India  

PubMed Central

Background: The poor glycaemic control among the patients with type 2 diabetes constitutes a major public health problem and a major risk factor for the development of diabetes complications. Aim of the Study: To study the compliance rate of the patients with type 2 diabetes to the prescribed medications, to find out its correlation with different socio-demographic factors and other patient characteristics and to find out the reasons behind the non-compliance, if any. Settings and Design: This cross sectional study was conducted on the patients with type 2 diabetes, who Attended the Diabetic Clinic of a Medical College in Kolkata, India. Methods and Material: The patients of type 2 diabetes who attended the diabetes clinic between April to August 2012 were recruited in the study by systematic random sampling and they were interviewed by using the help of a structured interview schedule. The patients who reported taking less than 80% of their prescribed anti-diabetes medicines in the preceding week and had HbA1C of < 7% were considered to be non-compliant. Statistical Analysis Used: The data was analyzed by using the SPSS software. The Chi-square test was used to assess the association of the compliance with the different study variables. A binary logistic regression analysis helped in identifying the factors which contributed to the non-compliance. Results: The compliance rate to the anti-diabetic drugs was found to be 57.7%. A univariate analysis showed that it decreased significantly with increasing age and that it was also significantly lower among males, illiterates, those with a poor per capita monthly income and those who had a longer duration of diabetes. It varied significantly with the type of drugs, being lowest with an oral drug and insulin combination (43.4%). No knowledge on the complications of diabetes was significantly associated with a lower compliance. The binary logistic regression also helped in identifying these as the significant contributory factors. The common reasons behind the non-compliance were forgetfulness (44.7%) and financial constraints (32.7%). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the compliance to anti-diabetic drugs was quite poor among the participants. Increasing age, the male sex, illiteracy, a low monthly income and a longer duration of diabetes were significantly associated with the non compliance. A more concerning fact was the significant association of the non-compliance with the types of drug regimens and a lack of knowledge on the complications of diabetes, which emphasized the role of a repeated patient education regarding the basic aspects of diabetes.

Mukherjee, Shuvankar; Sharmasarkar, Biswanath; Das, Kaushik Kumar; Bhattacharyya, Agnihotri; Deb, Animesh

2013-01-01

119

Stimulant formulation and motivation for nonmedical use of prescription attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder medications in a college-aged population.  

PubMed

There is relatively little research examining motives for nonmedical use (NMU) of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications and predictors of motivation. We present results of a secondary analysis of an Internet-based epidemiological survey to explore the relationship between stimulant formulation and motivation for NMU of ADHD stimulant medications in a college-aged population. Demographic predictors of motivation to engage in NMU were also explored to investigate the potential correlates of recreational versus performance-enhancement motivations. Respondents scoring higher on the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale were significantly more likely to engage in NMU of ADHD stimulant medications. Those using extended release (ER) stimulant formulations were less likely to endorse "staying awake" as a reason for NMU compared to those using immediate release (IR) stimulant formulations.? PMID:20958854

Upadhyaya, Himanshu P; Kroutil, Larry A; Deas, Deborah; Durell, Todd M; Van Brunt, David L; Novak, Scott P

2010-09-23

120

Sewer pipe, wire, epoxy, and finger tapping: The start of fMRI at the Medical College of Wisconsin  

PubMed Central

In 1991, the Biophysics Research Institute at the Medical College of Wisconsin was among the first groups to develop functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Our story is unique on a few levels: We didn’t have knowledge of the ability to image human brain activation with MRI using blood oxygenation dependent (BOLD) contrast until early August of 1991 when we attended the Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (SMRM) meeting in San Francisco, yet we produced our first BOLD-based maps of motor cortex activation about a month later. The effort started with two graduate students, Eric Wong and myself. Only a few days prior to that extremely important SMRM meeting, we had developed human echo planar imaging (EPI) capability in-house. Wong designed, built, and interfaced a head gradient coil made out of sewer pipe, wire, and epoxy to a standard GE 1.5 T MRI scanner. Also, a few months prior to building this human head gradient coil he developed the EPI pulse sequences and image reconstruction. All of these efforts were towards a different goal – for demonstration of Wong’s novel approach to perfusion imaging in the human brain. Following SMRM, where a plenary lecture by Tom Brady from MGH opened our eyes to human brain activation imaging using BOLD contrast, and where we learned that EPI was extremely helpful if not critical to its success, we worked quickly to achieve our first results on September 14, 1991. The story is also unique in that Jim Hyde had set up the Biophysics Research Institute to be optimal for just this type of rapidly advancing basic technology research. It was well equipped for hardware development, had open and dynamic collaborative relationships with other departments, hospitals on campus, and GE, and had a relatively flat hierarchy and relaxed, flexible, collegial atmosphere internally. Since these first brain activation results, MCW Biophysics has continued to be at the forefront of functional MRI innovation, having helped to pioneer real time fMRI, high-resolution fMRI, and functional connectivity mapping.

Bandettini, Peter A.

2011-01-01

121

Sewer pipe, wire, epoxy, and finger tapping: the start of fMRI at the Medical College of Wisconsin.  

PubMed

In 1991, the Biophysics Research Institute at the Medical College of Wisconsin was among the first groups to develop functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Our story is unique on a few levels: We didn't have knowledge of the ability to image human brain activation with MRI using blood oxygenation dependent (BOLD) contrast until early August of 1991 when we attended the Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (SMRM) meeting in San Francisco, yet we produced our first BOLD-based maps of motor cortex activation about a month later. The effort started with two graduate students, Eric Wong and myself. Only a few days prior to that extremely important SMRM meeting, we had developed human echo planar imaging (EPI) capability in-house. Wong designed, built, and interfaced a head gradient coil made out of sewer pipe, wire, and epoxy to a standard GE 1.5T MRI scanner. Also, a few months prior to building this human head gradient coil he developed the EPI pulse sequences and image reconstruction. All of these efforts were towards a different goal--for demonstration of Wong's novel approach to perfusion imaging in the human brain. Following SMRM, where a plenary lecture by Tom Brady from MGH opened our eyes to human brain activation imaging using BOLD contrast, and where we learned that EPI was extremely helpful if not critical to its success, we worked quickly to achieve our first results on September 14, 1991. The story is also unique in that Jim Hyde had set up the Biophysics Research Institute to be optimal for just this type of rapidly advancing basic technology research. It was well equipped for hardware development, had open and dynamic collaborative relationships with other departments, hospitals on campus, and GE, and had a relatively flat hierarchy and relaxed, flexible, collegial atmosphere internally. Since these first brain activation results, MCW Biophysics has continued to be at the forefront of functional MRI innovation, having helped to pioneer real time fMRI, high-resolution fMRI, and functional connectivity mapping. PMID:22044784

Bandettini, Peter A

2011-10-20

122

College students and the flu  

MedlinePLUS

... and a lot of social activities make a college student more likely to catch the flu. This article will give you information about the flu and college students. This is not a substitute for medical advice ...

123

The American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based educational guidelines for continuing medical education interventions: a critical review of evidence-based educational guidelines.  

PubMed

The American College of Chest Physicians comprehensive review of continuing medical education is an ambitious attempt to summarize a vast and heterogeneous literature. Nevertheless, there appear to be some consistencies; multiple media and instructional methods appear to be consistently better than single approaches, and multiple occasions work better than one-shot events. While this appears, at first glance, to be perfectly reasonable, one must be careful to treat media and method separately. Other research has shown that many media manipulations can reduce, not enhance, learning. In a similar vein, while the role of simulation in continuing medical education is largely unexplored, applications must be considered with clear understanding of what can and cannot be achieved with simulation. PMID:19265092

Norman, Geoff

2009-03-01

124

American College of Medical Genetics guideline on the cytogenetic evaluation of the individual with developmental delay or mental retardation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disclaimer:This guideline is designed primarily as an educational resource for medical geneticists and other health care providers to help them provide quality medical genetic services. Adherence to this guideline does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. This guideline should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of other procedures and tests that are reasonably

Lisa G. Shaffer

2005-01-01

125

Charles Edouard Brown-Séquard's departure from the Medical College of Virginia: incompatible science or incompatible social views in pre-Civil War southern United States.  

PubMed

Charles Edouard Brown-Séquard was one of the most colorful characters in modern physiology. His scientific methods of self-experimentation and animal vivisection led to many great observations, including the eponymous syndrome of hemisection of the spinal cord. Despite his renown, he stayed but one year in his first major academic post. Details of his sojourn at the Medical College of Virginia (now part of Virginia Commonwealth University) in Richmond were divined from perusal of archival material, letters, and from the available literature. His notoriety in the field of physiology landed him a post at the Medical College of Virginia in 1854 as the chair of physiology. During a brief time here, he was able to publish his landmark monograph of 1855 on the pathways of the spinal cord "Experimental and Clinical Researches on the Physiology and Pathology of the Spinal Cord." He had a near-death experience while experimenting on himself to determine the function of the skin. It was rumored that his English was poor, his lectures unintelligible, and his scientific methods disturbing to the neighbors and that for those reasons he was asked to vacate his post. Personal communications and other accounts indicate a different view: his mixed-blood heritage and his views on slavery were unpopular in the pre-Civil War southern United States. These disparate viewpoints lend an insight into the life and career of this pioneer in modern medicine and experimental design and to the clash of science and social views. PMID:21704947

Watson, Joseph C; Ho, Stephen V

126

Information management of a structured admissions interview process in a medical college with an apple II system  

Microsoft Academic Search

a structured interview admissions supported by an Apple II computer system which provides feedback to interviewers and the College admissions committee. Presented are the rationale for the system, the preliminary results of analysis of some of the interview data, and a brief description of t he computer program and output. The present data show that t he structured interview yields

R. O'Reilly; S. Fedorko; N. Nicholson

1983-01-01

127

College Students with and without ADHD: Comparison of Self-Report of Medication Usage, Study Habits, and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine the relationship between ADHD medications, study habits, and academic achievement of ADHD-diagnosed undergraduates. Method: A total of 92 students with a self-reported ADHD diagnosis and a current prescription for ADHD medication were compared with 143 control students in a survey of academic performance. Results: Most ADHD…

Advokat, Claire; Lane, Sean M.; Luo, Chunqiao

2011-01-01

128

Visualising the body in art and medicine: a visual art course for medical students at King's College Hospital in 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many centuries science and art have been studied as completely separate disciplines, and career paths likewise, have diverged. However, in recent years there has been a renewed cultural interest in art\\/science collaborations, coupled with the perception that a medical education which did not embrace the humanities ‘tended to brutalize and dehumanize’ (Weatherall, British Medical Journal 309 (1994) 1671–1672) future

Kathy Weller

2002-01-01

129

Community College Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community colleges must assume a proactive leadership role to develop strategies that establish and maintain partnerships with business and other community organizations. San Juan College (SJC) has forged partnerships with a variety of local organizations, including governmental, civic, business, educational, medical, and cultural groups.…

Black, Marjorie

130

Can poetry make better doctors? Teaching the humanities and arts to medical students and residents at the University of California, Irvine, College of Medicine.  

PubMed

The Program in Medical Humanities & Arts at the University of California, Irvine, College of Medicine has been in existence for five years. The program was implemented to enhance aspects of professionalism including empathy, altruism, compassion, and caring toward patients, as well as to hone clinical communication and observational skills. It contains elective or required curriculum across all four years of medical school and required curriculum in two residency programs, organized according to structural principles of horizontal coherence, vertical complexity, and patient care applications. The program emphasizes small-group, interdisciplinary teaching and faculty development, and is notable for learners' use of creative projects to reflect on patients and themselves. Evaluation of the program indicates a positive response among learners. More systematic studies point to increases in empathy and positive attitudes toward the humanities as tools for professional development as a result of exposure to the program curriculum. Future directions include closer collaboration with the University of California, Irvine, Schools of the Arts and Humanities, involvement of local artists and writers, and development of a graduation with distinction in humanities for medical students. PMID:14534086

Shapiro, Johanna; Rucker, Lloyd

2003-10-01

131

Factors that influence the choice of psychiatry as a career by medical students at the School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of this paper is to assess the particular factors facilitating and those hampering the choice of psychiatry as a career by medical students at the University of Nairobi in a cross-sectional population study of medical students at the University of Nairobi, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine using self-administered questionnaires. A total of 31 students (13%) said they would like to be psychiatrists while 44 (18%) were neutral and 170 (69%) did not want to become psychiatrists. The factors that made psychiatry interesting for the students included the view that the problems presented by psychiatric patients were often particularly interesting and challenging and the fact that mental illness presented the field of medicine with one of the greatest challenges. Discouraging factors articulated by the students included views that psychiatry was a vague and speculative speciality, psychiatry was not an important part of the curriculum in medical schools, and psychiatric patients tend to make more emotional demands on their doctors than other patients. There was a negative view of psychiatric patients who most of the students thought were strange, dangerous and incurable, although they were curious to know more about them. Most of the negative influence in psychiatry is due to the misconceptions that students have about its prestige and scope, the rewards it offers in terms of job satisfaction and opportunities and the negative views towards psychiatric patients. Integration of psychiatry into the curriculum may address these misunderstandings. PMID:24032494

Ndetei, David M; Ngumi, Zipporah W; Mutiso, Victoria N; Musyimi, Christine W; Kamau, Lucy W

2013-08-01

132

A study of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding leprosy among undergraduates and interns of a medical college and hospital from rural India.  

PubMed

Leprosy is an Infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and acquired through droplet infection. India has been carrying the 2/3rd global leprosy burden. Inadequate or incorrect information and knowledge about the disease and its treatment are the root causes of many stigmas and inhibitions prevalent in the various sections of the community. The present study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding leprosy among undergraduates (final year medical students) and interns of Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra, India. It is heartening to note that most of students and interns had good knowledge about regimens, counselling and were willing to work in leprosy. There were, however, misconceptions about several aspects of diseases which were more in case of final year students compared with interns. Significant improvementin the knowledge of interns in comparison offinal year MBBS students was mostly noted on the aspects like transmission of leprosy, involvement of ulnar nerve in the leprosy, immunological relevance, use of vaccine, treatment of leprosy affected person and leprosy associated stigma. This positive change in attitudes as well as knowledge highlight the requirement of proper training and clinical exposure of medical students and important role of internship. There is need to focus on important aspects (such as cardinal signs, public health aspects and definitions, infectivity, misconception about marriage in which insignificant changes were observed. PMID:21972659

Giri, P A; Phalke, D B; Aarif, S M M

133

Translating obstetrics and gynaecology undergraduate experience into career aspiration: an audit of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) medical student placement standards.  

PubMed

In 2006, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) published a list of undergraduate placement standards in an effort to improve the obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G) undergraduate experience and reverse declining interest in the specialty among UK graduates. We surveyed 3rd-year medical students undertaking O&G placements to investigate how appropriate they felt the RCOG placement standards were. We present the first evaluation of these standards and discuss their potential role in improving the undergraduate O&G experience. We also sought to examine the influence of undergraduate O&G exposure on interest in entering the specialty and the effect of gender on perceived learning experience. Students rated the RCOG standards as highly appropriate, and significant differences in clinical exposure and career intentions were seen between genders. Overall, students demonstrated greater interest in pursuing O&G than has previously been documented, which may represent a wider upturn in interest in the speciality. PMID:23075343

Bonnett, T J; Roberts, A L; Farrell, T A

2012-11-01

134

Collegiate-Based Emergency Medical Service: Impact on Alcohol-Related Emergency Department Transports at a Small Liberal Arts College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors examined the impact of a collegiate-based emergency medical service (CBEMS) on the frequency of emergency department (ED) transports. Participants: Students transported to the ED for acute alcohol intoxication during the Fall 2008 and the Fall 2009 semesters (N = 50). Methods: The frequency of students receiving…

Rosen, Joshua B.; Olson, Mark H.; Kelly, Marianne

2012-01-01

135

Collegiate-Based Emergency Medical Service: Impact on Alcohol-Related Emergency Department Transports at a Small Liberal Arts College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors examined the impact of a collegiate-based emergency medical service (CBEMS) on the frequency of emergency department (ED) transports. Participants: Students transported to the ED for acute alcohol intoxication during the Fall 2008 and the Fall 2009 semesters (N = 50). Methods: The frequency of students receiving transportation to a hospital ED and the reported blood alcohol content

Joshua B. Rosen; Mark H. Olson; Marianne Kelly

2012-01-01

136

College Drinking  

MedlinePLUS

... Research shows that more than 80 percent of college students drink alcohol, and almost half report binge drinking in the past 2 weeks. Virtually all college students experience the effects of college drinking—whether they ...

137

A Study on Clinico-Mycological Profile, Aetiological Agents and Diagnosis of Onychomycosis at a Government Medical College Hospital in Kashmir  

PubMed Central

Background: Onychomycosis is a major public health problem with a high incidence, associated morbidity and a long lasting treatment with anti-fungal agents. This study was carried out to know the clinico-mycological pattern of onychomycosis, which could help in the control of this infection. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of various causative agents of onychomycosis and to study the clinical and mycological patterns of onychomycosis. Material and Methods: This was a prospective study which was carried over a period of one year, from 1st February 2011 to 31st January 2012 on samples from 150 patients with clinically suspected nail infections, who attended the Dermatology Department of SKIMS Medical college, Kashmir, India. The nails were evaluated clinically and the nail samples were subjected to direct microscopy and culture. Results: 60% samples were found to be positive by direct microscopy and culture. Males were infected more than females. The commonest age group which was infected was the 21-30 years age group. Finger nails were affected more frequently than toe nails and distolateral subungal onychomycosis was the most common clinical type of infection which was seen in 64.44% patients. The aetiological agents were dermatophytes (61.66%), Non–Dermatophyte Moulds (NDM) (31.66%) and yeasts (6.66%). Among dermatophytes, T. rubrum was the commonest aetiological agent. Conclusion: Although dermatophytes were the main causative agents, NDM and yeasts were also not uncommon aetiological agents of onychomycosis. This study also emphasized the need of performing both a direct examination and culture to improve sensitivity. Since onychomycosis can cause physical, psycological and occupational problems, the clinico-epidemiological data can be helpful in development of preventive and diagnostic strategies.

Lone, Rubeena; Bashir, Deeba; Ahmad, Shabir; Syed, Arshi; Khurshid, Syed

2013-01-01

138

College Connection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Oakwood City School District's College Connection Study, which is now in its eighth year. The purpose of the study is to help the educators in the district learn how to effectively prepare students for success in the colleges of their choice. Teachers, administrators, and other staff members travel to colleges to conduct…

Hewitt, Kimberly Kappler; Scalzo, Mary Jo

2012-01-01

139

Johns Hopkins Medical School Abandons Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Johns Hopkins University has abandoned use of the Medical College Admission Test as a medical college admissions requirement in an effort to reestablish the validity of humanities in medical students' educational background and is encouraging other medical schools to make the test optional and underscore their support of general education. (MSE)|

Biemiller, Lawrence

1985-01-01

140

Alverno College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alverno College is a private, liberal arts college located in a residential neighborhood on the southwest side of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In fall 2008, the student body numbered 2,783, and there were 231 resident students. The student body is highly diverse (34% minority), and most students commute to campus for their classes. The culture at Alverno…

Wagner, Virginia

2009-01-01

141

Women in the C-Suite: A Study of How Succession Planning May Best Be Utilized for Career Advancement of Medical College Executives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated and analyzed medical school executives' perceptions of the low level of advancement of women into the healthcare c-suite. As well, medical school executives' recommendations for increasing the number of women entering and experiencing sustained success in executive positions were assessed. Related to these observations were…

Mack, Yvette E.

2010-01-01

142

Adjustment to College in Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine college adjustment in students reporting an ADHD diagnosis and the effect of medication treatment on students' adjustment. Method: 1,648 first-semester freshmen attending a public and a private university completed a Web-based survey to examine their adjustment to college. Results: Compared with 200 randomly selected control…

Rabiner, David L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Costello, Jane; Hoyle, Rick H.; Swartzwelder, H. Scott

2008-01-01

143

A STUDY OF SCURCE TRAITS : MEDICAL STUDENTS  

PubMed Central

Medical profession is one of the prestigious and esteemed professions amidst the professional opportunities available to young aspirants. Armed Forces Medical College by its virtue of selective admission procedures, training and induction becomes the primary focus of such research. The aim of the present study was to evaluate source traits of 300 medical students, 150 each from AFMC and civil medical college. 16 PF was administered to evaluate the source traits of study groups. Findings revealed significant differences between two colleges. The students from two colleges differed significantly on factors ‘B’, ‘F’, ‘G’, ‘I’, ‘O’, Q1, Q3, Q4.

Srinivastava, Kalpana; Chakraborty, P.K.; Valdiya, P.S.; Raju, M.S.V.K.; Basannar, Dasharath

2000-01-01

144

Keyboard College  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How has college been transformed by digital technologies and online learning? It's a question that has intrigued policymakers, documentary filmmakers, and countless others. This radio documentary from America Radio Works' Stephen Smith asks "whether these innovations can help more people get access to higher education and bring down the cost of college without sacrificing learning." New visitors should click on the introductory essay by Chris Farrell which looks at how universities and colleges have (seemingly) been immune to the forces that have affected so many other industries. Continuing on, the documentary is divided into five sections, including The World-Wide U, The Data-Driven Classroom, and A School of Clicks, Not Bricks. Additionally, visitors can listen to the entire program and also download a complete transcript.

2012-01-01

145

Directory of Credit-Granting Policies in Medical Laboratory Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ways now exist for medical laboratory workers to advance up the educational career ladder, gaining credit for prior training and/or experience. A total of 369 Certified Medical Laboratory Assistant Schools, colleges with Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technicians programs, schools of Medical Technology, and colleges with baccalaureate…

National Committee for Careers in Medical Technology, Bethesda, MD.

146

Drexel University and Drexel University College of Medicine: an overview of their commitment to women through education.  

PubMed

The Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania was a groundbreaking institution and an ancestor to the Drexel University College of Medicine. The tradition of the Woman's Medical College lives on in the form of education and leadership programs dedicated to medical training for women. PMID:22340644

Price, Erica; Follen, Michele

2012-02-01

147

Medical Physics Panel Discussion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The panel discussion will explore opportunities and vistas in medical physics research and practice, medical imaging, teaching medical physics to undergraduates, and medical physics curricula as a recruiting tool for physics departments. Panel members consist of representatives from NSBP (Paul Guèye and Steven Avery), NIH/NIBIB (Richard Baird), NIST (Christopher Soares), AAPM (Howard Amols), ASTRO (Prabhakar Tripuraneni), and Jefferson Lab (Stan Majewski and Drew Weisenberger). Medical Physicists are part of Departments of Radiation Oncology at hospitals and medical centers. The field of medical physics includes radiation therapy physics, medical diagnostic and imaging physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical radiation safety. It also ranges from basic researcher (at college institutions, industries, and laboratories) to applications in clinical environments.

Guèye, Paul; Avery, Steven; Baird, Richard; Soares, Christopher; Amols, Howard; Tripuraneni, Prabhakar; Majewski, Stan; Weisenberger, Drew

2006-03-01

148

Guns at college.  

PubMed

A random sample of more than 15,000 undergraduate students from 130 4-year colleges answered a mailed questionnaire concerning firearm possession. Approximately 3.5% of the sampled students reported they had a working firearm at college. Students with guns were more likely to be male, White, or Native American; to binge drink and need to start the day with alcohol; to be members of a fraternity or sorority; to live off campus; and to live with a spouse or significant other. Having a gun was positively associated with driving after binge drinking, being arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol, and damaging property as a result of alcohol ingestion. Students with guns were also more likely to be injured severely enough to require medical attention, especially for injuries occurring in fights or car crashes. Overall, students with guns at college were more likely than others to engage in activities that put themselves and others at risk for injury. PMID:10485160

Miller, M; Hemenway, D; Wechsler, H

1999-07-01

149

46 CFR 310.9 - Medical attention and injury claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Medical attention and injury claims. 310.9 ...Maritime Academies and Colleges § 310.9 Medical attention and injury claims. (a) Medical attention and hospitalization. The...

2012-10-01

150

The Nontherapeutic Use of Psychotherapeutic Drugs among the College Age Group: The Sedatives and Tranquilizers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sedatives and minor tranquilizers comprise two large groups of prescription drugs used without medical supervision by college students. Knowledge of adverse psychological and biological effects of these drugs will help those working within college health facilities. (Author/DF)

Nicholi, Armand M., Jr.

1984-01-01

151

Medical Device Industry Educatinon Cosortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medical Device Industry Education Consortium (MDIEC) was formed to build a learning and innovation network to develop and deliver industry-endorsed solutions that address critical industry-defined technical education and training needs. St. Petersburg College (SPC) led a group of Eight Community Colleges and Fifteen Industry partners to co-found the consortium. A Department of Education (DOE) Grant funded the initial formation and curriculum development. SPC along with Anoka-Ramsey Community College in Minnesota and Edmonds Community College in Washington State was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant to further MDIEC and develop curriculum in three critical training areas: quality systems, information management and clinical data management.

Sullivan, Michael

2009-07-14

152

Depression and College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... or "feeling blue." Q. How does depression affect college students? A. In 2011, the American College Health Association– ... not left alone. Q. How can research help college students who have depression? A. The National Institute of ...

153

Review of the teaching of medical ethics in London medical schools.  

PubMed Central

The study examined the influence of the Pond Report on the teaching of medical ethics in the London medical schools. A questionnaire was given to both medical students and college officers. All medical colleges reported that ethics was included in the curriculum. However, from students' replies, it seems that attendance of optional courses is low and that not all current final year medical students have had any formal teaching in medical ethics. Stronger guidelines are necessary to ensure appropriate ethical training in London medical schools.

Burling, S J; Lumley, J S; McCarthy, L S; Mytton, J A; Nolan, J A; Sissou, P; Williams, D G; Wright, L J

1990-01-01

154

Planning Makes College Possible.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by a college financial aid administrator, this booklet is intended to help parents of younger children plan and prepare for the financial aspects of college education. After an introductory chapter, Chapter II lists current and projected (year 2000) costs at the most expensive colleges and at New York City colleges. Chapter III presents…

Belmont, Jean

155

Frederick Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick Community College (FCC) is a comprehensive open-door community college that serves the citizens of Frederick County, Maryland, the state's largest county by size and seventh in population (230,000). It is located in central Maryland, equidistant from Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The college's character as a learning college is…

Haney, L. Richard; McClellan, Debralee

2009-01-01

156

College Student Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

2013-01-01

157

Surviving Math, Surviving College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to a 2000 community college study by Miami Dade College (FL) President Emeritus Robert McCabe, 41 percent of students entering community colleges are underprepared in at least one basic skill area. A three-year study of community college students, published in 2009 by the National Center for Education Statistics, reported that 41 percent…

Schaffhauser, Dian

2009-01-01

158

Integrating medical informatics into the medical undergraduate curriculum.  

PubMed

The advent of healthcare reform and the rapid application of new technologies have resulted in a paradigm shift in medical practice. Integrating medical Informatics into the full spectrum of medical education is a viral step toward implementing this new instructional model, a step required for the understanding and practice of modern medicine. We have developed an informatics curriculum, a new educational paradigm, and an intranet-based teaching module which are designed to enhance adult-learning principles, life-long self education, and evidence-based critical thinking. Thirty two, fourth year medical students have participated in a one month, full time, independent study focused on but not limited to four topics: mastering the windows-based environment, understanding hospital based information management systems, developing competence in using the internet/intranet and world wide web/HTML, and experiencing distance communication and TeleVideo networks. Each student has completed a clinically relevant independent study project utilizing technology mastered during the course. This initial curriculum offering was developed in conjunction with faculty from the College of Medicine, College of Engineering, College of Education, College of Business, College of Public Health. Florida Center of Instructional Technology, James A. Haley Veterans Hospital, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa General Hospital, GTE, Westshore Walk-in Clinic (paperless office), and the Florida Engineering Education Delivery System. Our second step toward the distributive integration process was the introduction of Medical Informatics to first, second and third year medical students. To date, these efforts have focused on undergraduate medical education. Our next step is to offer workshops in Informatics to college of medicine faculty, to residents in post graduate training programs (GME), and ultimately as a method of distance learning in continuing medical education (CME). PMID:10168949

Khonsari, L S; Fabri, P J

1997-01-01

159

Proceedings of the College Reading Association, Volume 3, Summer 1962.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proceedings of the fifth annual meeting of the College Reading Association, held in 1962, consisted of the following papers: (1) "President's Report to the College Reading Association" (Albert J. Mazurkiewicz); (2) "Medical Aspects of Written Language Disability" (James J. Smith); (3) "Research and Secondary Reading" (Margaret J. Early); (4)…

Ketcham, Clay A., Ed.

160

The Role of a Psychiatric Pharmacist in College Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published evidence indicates there is a growing prevalence of psychiatric illnesses on college campuses, and that approximately one quarter of students may be taking psychotropic medications. But attracting and retaining experienced mental health care professionals to college health settings is a challenging task. The psychiatric pharmacist is…

Caley, Charles F.; Webber, Donna; Kurland, Michael; Holmes, Paula

2010-01-01

161

The Podiatric Medical Student/College Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Soaring costs of health care reflect the cost of education for health professionals, since young podiatric professionals face staggering debts upon graduation. Federally insured student loans, Health Professions Student Loan Program, National Direct Student Loan Program, and Health Education Assistance Loan (HEAL) are discussed. (MLW)

Bates, James E.

1979-01-01

162

Tenure Practices at Four-Year Colleges and Universities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report, based on responses from 461 institutions (universities and four-year colleges, excluding independent medical schools), outlines tenure practices at public and private institutions in the fields of physical sciences, engineering, mathematical s...

F. J. Atelsek I. L. Gomberg

1980-01-01

163

You Can Survive College - We Did: A Guide for Kids and Their Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents practical ideas related to the college experience for college-bound students and their parents. The first chapter discusses tying up loose ends. College applications, starting a file, doing laundry, taking care of medical needs, and graduation gift ideas are included. The second chapter discusses insurance needs, and the third…

Faaborg, Beverly Parks; Faaborg, Tony

164

The impact of a developmental science course on college success for underprepared health science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental education for the academically underprepared college student has been aimed at helping students succeed in college. However, developmental education courses have traditionally focused on reading, writing and math. This quantitative study examined the relationship between a developmental science course for underprepared health science students on grades achieved in college level medical terminology courses. The effect was measured by analyzing

Candace A. Johnson

2009-01-01

165

A Hospital Medical Staff Psychology Department: The Interface of Medical Education, Postdoctoral Psychology Training, Clinical Practice, and Medical Staff Membership  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the organization and development of the free-standing medical staff department of psychology at Hurley Medical Center (HMC) in Flint, Michigan. Housed in a tertiary care teaching hospital of Michigan State University College of Human Medicine (MSU\\/CHM), the department is unique in its independence and parity within the organized medical staff. The description herein follows the 10 organizational variables

Michael E. Lechner; Kirk J. Stucky

2000-01-01

166

Mammographic Breast Density in a Cohort of Medically Underserved Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this HBCU/MI Partnership Training Award is to train Meharry Medical College faculty to conduct independent breast cancer research by collaborating with faculty from Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Year 1 is a training year and during ...

M. Sanderson

2011-01-01

167

Medical students' evaluations of different levels of medical ethics teaching: implications for curricula.  

PubMed

Although medical ethics has become a part of the curriculum of almost every medical school, medical students' perceptions of the value of medical ethics have not been documented. This paper reports the evaluations given by 137 preclinical and 216 clinical medical students to different levels of medical ethics teaching at the College of Human Medicine and the College of Osteopathic Medicine of Michigan State University. The results indicate (1) that students' satisfaction with medical ethics teaching is directly linked to how much they receive, (2) that students overwhelmingly prefer the input of both ethicists and doctors to teaching by either alone, and (3) that a preclinical medical ethics course followed by explicit medical ethics teaching in clinical training is a promising model for achieving an adequate level of medical ethics teaching within medical education. PMID:3626902

Howe, K R

1987-07-01

168

The effects of test preparation methods employed by medical students on standardized admission tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose of the study. The primary focus of this study was to identify effective test preparation methods and components used by medical students to enhance their test score performance on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). Standardized tests such as the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) and American College Test (ACT) for college entrance and the MCAT for admission to most

Edna E Jackson-Gray

2000-01-01

169

The University of Vermont College of Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of the origin and history of the University of Vermont College of Medicine begins with the appointment of John Pomeroy to the faculty in 1804, and traces the years that followed. Chiefly concerned with the individuals who were involved, it is a case study of the responses of one small medical school to reform movements, and its ability…

Kaufman, Martin

170

College Psychiatry 2006: Challenges and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses some of the dramatic changes seen in college mental health issues over the past 2 decades. These modifications are a consequence of many factors: changes in our health care system (managed care), new effective biological treatments (medications), the focus of psychiatric training (biologic focus), technology advances…

Kadison, Richard

2006-01-01

171

Health of children born to medical radiographers  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To develop a reliable method for collecting information on reproductive outcome in an occupational setting; and to investigate the health of children born to medical radiographers. METHODS: The study population comprised 6730 members of the College of Radiographers who were, at the time of survey; aged between 30 and 64 years, on the current membership file of the College,

E Roman; P Doyle; P Ansell; D Bull; V Beral

1996-01-01

172

Going to College  

MedlinePLUS

... teeth that act up are as common among college students as homesickness. It's very easy, especially in a ... Fitness Staying fit is easier than ever at college — a good thing, because students should aim to get 60 minutes of moderate- ...

173

Two Reports of the AAMC Committee on AIDS and the Academic Medical Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Association of American Medical Colleges' reports concerning Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome include "Policy Guidelines for Addressing HIV [human immunodeficiency virus] Infection in the Academic Medical Community" and "The HIV Epidemic and Medical Education." (MSE)

Academic Medicine, 1989

1989-01-01

174

College Affordability: Implications for College Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By examining trends in college affordability, this article explores the extent to which the public perception that college is not affordable is justified. First, the article describes trends in national indicators that contribute to ability to pay, including income growth, health care costs, debt burden, and personal savings rates. Trends in…

Perna, Laura W.; Li, Chunyan

2006-01-01

175

COLLEGE RANKINGS: Democratized College Knowledge for Whom?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every fall the opening of the academic year is heralded by an ever increasing number of newsmagazines that rank colleges. In addition to the standard bearers of this market — U.S. News and World Report and Money — magazines that offer their readers advice on how to choose a college are proliferating. For example, one can find lists of the

Patricia M. McDonough; Anthony Lising; Antonio Marybeth Walpole; Leonor Xochitl Perez

1998-01-01

176

Can Colleges Really Collaborate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seven small private colleges in three states have found a way to reduce their administrative technology costs and expand their technological capability at the same time. They have done it by choosing the common-sense, yet unconventional, college and university strategy of genuine collaboration. The result, the Independent College Enterprise…

Welch, Edwin H.

2008-01-01

177

Unmarried Parents in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary:Noting that access to higher education has expanded dramatically in the past several decades, Sara Goldrick-Rab and Kia Sorensen focus on how unmarried parents fare once they enter college. Contrary to the expectation that access to college consistently promotes family stability and economic security, the authors argue that deficiencies in current policy lead college attendance to have adverse consequences for

Kia Sorensen; Sara Goldrick-Rab

2010-01-01

178

Unmarried Parents in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noting that access to higher education has expanded dramatically in the past several decades, Sara Goldrick-Rab and Kia Sorensen focus on how unmarried parents fare once they enter college. Contrary to the expectation that access to college consistently promotes family stability and economic security, the authors argue that deficiencies in current policy lead college attendance to have adverse consequences for

Kia Sorensen; Sara Goldrick-Rab

2010-01-01

179

The College Promise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College fees and tuition are rising--430 percent since 1982. Student borrowing for college has more than doubled since 1998, and about 50 percent of lower-income students head to college following high school, compared to 80 percent of high-income students, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Various public school districts…

Sturgeon, Julie

2009-01-01

180

COLLEGE COMPOSTING PROGRAM MATURES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In 1998 Berea College embarked upon a pilot program to compost food residuals as a means of generating an organic soil amendment and demonstrating the feasibility of responsible waste management to students and community members. The program has since become a fundamental part of the College’s garde...

181

College Student Morale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a discussion and statistical data concerning the various sources of college impact on students. Student-administration, student-faculty, and student-student relationships are discussed and tables are presented that represent the attitudes of 372 college students from 2 liberal arts colleges toward these relationships. Also…

Robinson, Lora H.

182

Rethinking College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The likelihood that students will make a successful transition to the college environment is often a function of their readiness--the degree to which previous educational and personal experiences have equipped them for the expectations and demands they will encounter in college. A key problem is that the current measures of college preparation…

Conley, David T.

2008-01-01

183

What Is College for?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is college for? There are basically three prevailing answers to this question. The most common answer is an economic one, though it is really two linked answers: first, that providing more people with a college education is good for the economic health of the nation; and second, that going to college is good for the economic competitiveness…

Delbanco, Andrew

2012-01-01

184

Planning for College Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Planning for College Success" (PCS) is a curriculum model designed by Sharon Downs, M.S., for a course intended to assist deaf and hard of hearing students during their initial introduction to college life. This program allows students to work one-on-one with a counselor to plan for their college success. The program includes short-term goals and…

PEPNet, 2009

2009-01-01

185

College News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College News Online is an international campus newswire and centralized information resource for college-bound students, current students, graduates, and others interested in higher education. The newswire indexes about 400 student-run and campus newspapers and maintains a news archive for the current year. The Campus Union section of College News Online provides information and links for financial aid, internships, employment, computer assistance, and a textbook exchange. The geographic Campus Index links users to college and university Websites throughout the US as well as to higher education institutions in over 110 different countries worldwide. Sociable visitors may share their burgeoning knowledge in the College Chat and Message Board sections.

186

Medical Genetics Online Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Medical Genetics, a new resource from Baylor College of MedicineâÂÂs comprehensive website, BioEd Online, is one module of a three-part, interactive Web-based course called Genes, Health and Society. [The course, which explores the rapidly evolving world of genetics and genomics, can be taken free of charge for professional or personal development. Each module stands alone. Educators can work through the modules in sequence or move freely among them.

Nancy Moreno (Baylor College of Medicine;)

2010-05-27

187

Exploring the Factors that Influence Men and Women to Form Medical Career Aspirations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Medical-career aspirations prior to college are examined in longitudinal data (N=27,065; 59.1% female). Men and women aspire to medical careers at roughly the same rate and for mostly the same reasons, but the strength of influence varies significantly for certain factors. Fewer women maintain medical-career aspirations during college.…

Antony, James Soto

1998-01-01

188

Modeling Relationships between Traditional Preadmission Measures and Clinical Skills Performance on a Medical Licensure Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Medical schools employ a variety of preadmission measures to select students most likely to succeed in the program. The Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and the undergraduate college grade point average (uGPA) are two academic measures typically used to select students in medical school. The assumption that presently used preadmission…

Roberts, William L.; Pugliano, Gina; Langenau, Erik; Boulet, John R.

2012-01-01

189

Medical Use, Illicit Use and Diversion of Prescription Stimulant Medication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and factors associated with the illicit use of prescription stimulants and to assess the relationship between the medical and illicit use of prescription stimulants among undergraduate college students. A Web survey was self-administered by a random sample of 9,161 undergraduate students attending a large public midwestern university in the spring

Sean Esteban McCabe; Christian J. Teter; Carol J. Boyd

2006-01-01

190

Orientation of International Medical Graduates to Canadian Medical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Saskatchewan tracked a cohort of 39 international medical graduates (IMGs) in rural Saskatchewan and discovered that 51% left the province within five years (personal communication). A study by Basky, Mathew, Edwards, and Rourke (2007) found that half a cohort of IMGs in rural Newfoundland and Labrador…

Stenerson, Heather J.; Davis, Penny M.; Labash, Andrea M.; Procyshyn, Mavis M.

2009-01-01

191

Franklin College: Switzerland  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Franklin College is an American four year liberal arts college located in Lugano, Switzerland. It is accredited by the Middle States Association and offers programs in international relations, international management, international economics, modern languages, history and literature as well as visual and communication arts. Regular admission as well as study abroad are options at this very international college with over 50 nationalities represented in its student body. Franklin offers the distinctive alternative of an American education in the center of Europe.

1996-01-01

192

ADHD Medications  

MedlinePLUS

Managing ADHD With Medication Just about everyone has trouble concentrating or paying attention in class from time to time. ... to develop new medications for ADHD. Continue Are ADHD Medications Safe? Most experts agree that ADHD medications ...

193

Medical School Salary Study, 1972-73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Association of American Medical Colleges presents the results of their Annual Salary Questionnaire for medical school faculties for the fiscal year 1972-73. One hundred five schools submitted returns and salaries of 4,925 basic scientists and 11,567 clinical scientists are reported in the survey. The areas covered include strict full-time…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

194

Medical School Salary Study, 1970-71.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Association of American Medical Colleges conducted a survey by means of a questionnaire in 1970-71 to determine the salaries of medical school faculties. Ninety-three schools submitted returns; salaries for 4,366 basic scientists and 12,701 clinical scientists are reported. The areas covered include strict full-time faculty by department, and…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

195

Medical School Salary Study, 1971-72.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Association of American Medical Colleges presents the results of their Annual Salary Questionnaire for medical school faculties for the fiscal year 1971-72. Ninety-five schools submitted returns and salaries of 4,930 basic scientists and 11,941 clinical scientists are reported in the survey. The areas covered include strict full-time faculty…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

196

Affirmative Action Policy in Medical School Admissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal challenges to affirmative action are growing, a trend suggesting that a proactive stance is needed to maintain a policy that still has viability, legitimacy, and utility. Medical schools admissions offices in the United States emphasize the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT), even though many studies have found that grade point averages are better single predictors of future academic achievement,

Ricardo A. Frazer

2005-01-01

197

Promoting Translational and Clinical Science: The Critical Role of Medical Schools and Teaching Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic translational and clinical research in the US faces serious obstacles. Dickler and colleagues outline the Association of American Medical Colleges recommendations for overcoming those barriers.

Howard B. Dickler; David Korn; Steven G. Gabbe

2006-01-01

198

Medical Use, Illicit Use and Diversion of Prescription Stimulant Medication  

PubMed Central

The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and factors associated with the illicit use of prescription stimulants and to assess the relationship between the medical and illicit use of prescription stimulants among undergraduate college students. A Web survey was self-administered by a random sample of 9,161 undergraduate students attending a large public midwestern university in the spring of 2003. A total of 8.1% reported lifetime illicit use of prescription stimulants and 5.4% reported past year illicit use. The number of undergraduate students who reported illicit use of prescription stimulants exceeded the number of students who reported medical use of prescription stimulants for ADHD. The leading sources of prescription stimulants for illicit use were friends and peers. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed several risk factors for illicit use of prescription stimulants such as being male, White, member of a social fraternity or sorority, Jewish religious affiliation, and lower grade point average. All of these characteristics were also related to medically prescribed use of prescription stimulants. Those who initiated medically prescribed use of prescription stimulants for ADHD in elementary school were generally not at increased risk for illicit use of prescription stimulants or other drugs during college as compared to those who were never prescribed stimulant medication. The present study provides evidence that the illicit use of prescription stimulants is a problem among undergraduate college students, and certain subgroups appear to be at heightened risk.

McCabe, Sean Esteban; Teter, Christian J.; Boyd, Carol J.

2006-01-01

199

Adderall abuse on college campuses: a comprehensive literature review.  

PubMed

Prescription stimulant abuse has dramatically increased over the past 10 years, but the amount of research regarding college students and illicit prescription stimulant use is still very limited. This has important implications for college mental health professionals and higher education administrators. In this comprehensive literature review the author explores factors contributing to illicit use, self-medication, and recreational use of controlled prescription stimulants; discusses the potential consequences for those students abusing stimulants; and provides recommendations for educating, combating, and assisting students who illicitly use prescriptions stimulants on college campuses. PMID:22694135

Varga, Matthew D

2012-01-01

200

The Future Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community colleges have encountered many factors that may reshape their future. Environmental imperatives weigh heavily on community colleges, as does the new integration of the sciences, such as breakthroughs in the biochemical sciences, such as the human genome project. It is also important to pay attention to the forms in which knowledge is…

Elsner, Paul A.

2003-01-01

201

"Is College Worth It?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pew Research Center asked an important question earlier this year when it embarked on an ambitious project called Is College Worth It?: College Presidents, Public Assess Value, Quality and Mission of Higher Education. While most today believe that getting a good education is key to success in the society, this report revealed surprising issues…

Adam, Michelle

2012-01-01

202

Unmarried Parents in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that access to higher education has expanded dramatically in the past several decades, Sara Goldrick-Rab and Kia Sorensen focus on how unmarried parents fare once they enter college. Contrary to the expectation that access to college consistently promotes family stability and economic security, the authors argue that deficiencies in…

Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Sorensen, Kia

2010-01-01

203

Drinking among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a study on the ways in which alcohol is built into the social role and social life of college students. Provides direct support for the idea that the patterns of drinking alcoholic beverages are integral to social and structural aspects of college. (LKS)

Rabow, Jerome; Duncan-Schill, Marilyn

1995-01-01

204

Community College No Longer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community colleges have long been the destination of choice for immigrants seeking English-language skills, older nontraditional students seeking flexible class schedules, and students needing remediation to fill the gaps left by substandard K-12 schools. Nevertheless, many community colleges have expanded transfer-focused offerings in recent…

Pluviose, David

2008-01-01

205

College Rankings. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The popularity of college ranking surveys published by "U.S. News and World Report" and other magazines is indisputable, but the methodologies used to measure the quality of higher education institutions have come under fire by scholars and college officials. Criticisms have focused on methodological flaws, such as failure to consider differences…

Holub, Tamara

206

Community College Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While early community colleges were often located in abandoned high schools or hospitals, or in shared facilities with public schools, they have now come into their own, often in imaginative and innovative facilities. Community college design offers an opportunity for development of an environment that is complementary to the larger environment of…

Frendahl, Bruce

207

College Student Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the topic of college student suicide. Empirical and theoretical studies are reviewed. The research is presented in distinct sections. First, we present background information on college student suicide emphasized in a select number of cited literature reviews, followed by a review of a select number of key quantitative studies aimed at investigating risk factors and predictors of

Lisa J. Schwartz; Howard A. Friedman

2009-01-01

208

UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The references provided here give an overview of recent scholarship concerning students, faculty, and curriculum at urban community colleges. Organizational and institutional studies of urban community colleges are also included in this bibliography. The research in this article addresses important issues of student retention, faculty turnover,…

Liu, Amy

2007-01-01

209

Challenge College, Bradford  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What can you expect from a school in an area of high crime where 50 percent of the pupils take free school meals and which operates on a site that cannot be accessed from its main catchment area? In this article, the author shares his experience when he visited Challenge College. A low wall separates Challenge College from the area where most of…

Flecknoe, Mervyn

2004-01-01

210

IT Assessment: Floyd College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Floyd College's (Georgia) Information Technology Project (ITP), which began in 1997. Reports that every student and faculty member at the college is given a laptop, network connections have been implemented all over campus, and a help desk service provides technical support. The project has been successful, but student headcount fell…

Lord, Joan; Bishop, Jack

2001-01-01

211

Faculty Handbook. Hollins College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Faculty handbook for Hollins College outlines the college's policy on academic freedom. Additionally the document discusses the organization of the faculty and governance, promotions and tenure; faculty responsibilities; faculty research and professional activities; retirement plan, insurance and tuition; major academic regulations; and…

Hollins Coll., VA.

212

Community Colleges in Shanghai.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report offers a commentary on the recent development of community colleges in Shanghai (China). The seven institutions were established in the early 1990s to provide community education to local residents in hopes of facilitating mass higher education in China. The report describes important characteristics the colleges seek to impart…

Benyi, Tao

213

THE COLLEGE COMMISSIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE HISTORIES, ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES, MODES OF OPERATION, GOALS, AND SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES OF EIGHT COLLEGE SCIENCE COMMISSIONS ARE PRESENTED. THE GOAL OF THE EIGHT COLLEGE SCIENCE COMMISSIONS IS TO BRING UNDERGRADUATE SCIENCE INSTRUCTION CLOSER TO THE RESEARCH FRONTIER, UPDATE COURSES, AND FOSTER THE SPIRIT OF INQUIRY. INTERCOMMISSION…

FOOKS, JOYCE LANE

214

Databook: Maryland Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide information about the current status and future direction of Maryland's community college system, this report offers a summary and overview of all aspects of community college functioning in the state. Section I provides an organizational chart of higher education in Maryland; and data on undergraduate credit enrollments, and…

Maryland State Board for Community Colleges, Annapolis.

215

FACTORS IN COLLEGE ATTENDANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE OF THIS RESEARCH WAS TO IDENTIFY FACTORS, OBTAINED FROM A SELF-REPORT INVENTORY, DETERMINING THE DECISION TO ATTEND COLLEGE. 214 MALE AND 306 FEMALE STUDENTS FROM THE STATE UNIVERSITY COMPLETED A 78-ITEM INVENTORY, REASONS FOR GOING TO COLLEGE, AS FRESHMEN AND AGAIN AS SENIORS. ANALYSES AND MATCHING PROCEDURES YIELDED 13 MAJOR FACTORS: SOCIAL REASON, CONFORMITY, CURIOSITY, VOCATIONAL REASON, ACADEMIC VALUE,

ARTHUR A. DOLE; JOHN M. DIGMAN

1967-01-01

216

Loneliness among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews empirical research concerning loneliness among college students to sensitize family life specialists to the importance of loneliness within this age group. Presents a profile of the lonely college student from research findings which relate loneliness to personal attributes, interpersonal behaviors, and social network conditions.…

Ponzetti, James J., Jr.

1990-01-01

217

What Is College for?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lately there has been a great deal of discussion about the importance of measuring a college's "return on investment." Is the point of a college education quantifiable results or personal and intellectual growth? In pursuit of answers, "The Chronicle" asked a selection of higher-education leaders. Phyllis M. Wise, Chancellor of the University of…

Wise, Phyllis M.; Martin, Carolyn A.; Kinbrough, Walter M.; Hitt, John C.; Urgo, Joseph R.; Lief, Charles G.; Drake, Michael V.; Hellyer, Brenda; Pepicello, William

2013-01-01

218

Planning for College Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planning for College Success (PCS) is a six-hour workshop which is required for all applicants to Des Moines Area Community College's (DMACC's) career education programs. The Career Life Planning counselors who conduct the workshop help participants: (1) assess their basic academic strengths and weaknesses through self-scored diagnostic tests; (2)…

Smith, Kenneth M.; And Others

219

What Is College for?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lately there has been a great deal of discussion about the importance of measuring a college's "return on investment." Is the point of a college education quantifiable results or personal and intellectual growth? In pursuit of answers, "The Chronicle" asked a selection of higher-education leaders. Phyllis M. Wise, Chancellor of the University of…

Wise, Phyllis M.; Martin, Carolyn A.; Kinbrough, Walter M.; Hitt, John C.; Urgo, Joseph R.; Lief, Charles G.; Drake, Michael V.; Hellyer, Brenda; Pepicello, William

2013-01-01

220

Choosing a College  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether you are a high school senior, returning adult student or looking to change schools, you will certain be about to make a tremendous transition. What can you expect to encounter as a new college student? Is there a way to prepare ahead of time?What Resources are available to help you choose? This website provides information on choosing a college.

Prentice Hall (Prentice Hall)

2012-01-05

221

Tedium in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stress is a major sphere of influence on students that acts as the "invisible curriculum," and affects their reaction and adjustment to the whole college experience. There is a need to obtain systematic data about college students' experience of tedium, a particular form of stress, defined as the experience of physical, emotional, and mental…

Pines, Ayala; Kafry, Ditsa

222

Cabrillo College Transportation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides results of the survey and other sources of information which have been used to develop a transportation management plan at Cabrillo College (California). In 2000, Cabrillo College organized a Transportation Management Committee to review the existing transportation situation and develop and implement a plan with the goal of…

Willett, Terrence

223

Bard College Shines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With its park-like campus location overlooking the Hudson River and Catskills Mountains in New York's Hudson Valley, it's no wonder that Bard College is committed to being green. At the liberal arts college in Annandale-on-Hudson, students learn and live in 25 geothermal buildings on campus that don't burn fossil fuels on site. Instead of driving…

Klier, Gerhard

2012-01-01

224

CollegeRuled.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CollegeRuled.com is a resource for university students. We are making tools, pages and features to help college students stay organized and connect with classmates. Create It. Customize It. Tape it to your Door. In three easy steps you can put together a great-looking and powerful weekly class and activity schedule.

2010-06-08

225

Tedium in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stress is a major sphere of influence on students that acts as the "invisible curriculum," and affects their reaction and adjustment to the whole college experience. There is a need to obtain systematic data about college students' experience of tedium, a particular form of stress, defined as the experience of physical, emotional, and mental…

Pines, Ayala; Kafry, Ditsa

226

College for All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"College for all" arises from deep in our individualistic cultural bias, and the motto works as a public narrative because high school vocational alternatives are widely regarded as second best by the general public, if not by the elites. However, there is more to "college for all" than cultural bias, political positioning, and middle-class…

Carnevale, Anthony P.

2008-01-01

227

Who Takes College Algebra?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The common understanding within the mathematics community is that the role of the college algebra course is to prepare students for calculus. Though exceptions are emerging, the curriculum of most college algebra courses and the content of most textbooks on the market both reflect that assumption. This article calls that assumption into question…

Herriott, Scott R.; Dunbar, Steven R.

2009-01-01

228

Managed medical education?  

PubMed

The forces of rationality and commodification, hallmarks of the managed care revolution, may soon breach the walls of organized medical education. Whispers are beginning to circulate that the cost of educating future physicians is too high. Simultaneously, managed care companies are accusing medical education of turning out trainees unprepared to practice in a managed care environment. Changes evident in other occupational and service delivery sectors of U.S. society as diverse as pre-college education and prisons provide telling insights into what may be in store for medical educators. Returning to academic medicine, the author reflects that because corporate managed care is already established in teaching hospitals, and because managed research (e.g., corporate-sponsored and -run drug trials, for-profit drug-study centers, and contract research organizations) is increasing, managed medical education could become a reality as well. Medical education has made itself vulnerable to the intrusion of corporate rationalizers because it has failed to professionalism at core of its curricula-something only it is able to do--and instead has focused unduly on the transmission of esoteric knowledge and core clinical skills, a process that can be carried out more efficiently, more effectively, and less expensively by other players in the medical education marketplace such as Kaplan, Compass, or the Princeton Review. The author explains why reorganizing medical education around professional values is crucial, why the AAMC's Medical School Objectives Project offers guidance in this area, why making this change will be difficult, and why medical education must lead in establishing how to document the presence and absence of such qualities as altruism and dutifulness and the ways that appropriate medical education can foster these and similar core competencies. "Anything less and organized medicine will acknowledged... that it has abandoned its social contract and entered the temple of those who clamor, 'I can name that tune in four notes.'" PMID:10498088

Hafferty, F W

1999-09-01

229

Digital Collections: Amherst College  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Amherst College Library has created this trove of five different digital collections which tell (respectively) the history of a noted labor lawyer, coeducation at Amherst, campus athletics, college catalogues, and songs of Amherst. The first collection contains selected files from the papers of Jerry Cohen, class of 1963. Cohen was the general counsel of the United Farm Workers of America (UFW) and personal attorney of Cesar Chavez. In this section, visitors can look over some UFW case summaries and other interesting documents. The next collection here contains chronologies, articles, newspaper clippings, and committee reports which tell the story of coeducation on the Amherst College campus from 1870 to 1998. Moving on, "A Glance at Amherst Athletics" is a 42-page document which offers a history of athletic endeavors on campus from one Walter L. Tower, class of 1893. Finally, the site is rounded out by the Amherst College Annual Catalogues from 1822-1900, and a rather fun college songbook from 1926.

230

Beloit College Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beloit College is the oldest college in the state of Wisconsin, and they are well regarded for their study abroad programs and focus on international and global affairs. They have also revamped their online digital collections area, and it is well worth a glance. Currently, they have ten collections here, including "Logan Museum of Anthropology", "Beloit-College, City and Environs", and "Asian Studies". First up is the "Beloit-College, City and Environs" area, which offers a historical view of images woven together that document the history of the college's relationship with the city of Beloit. Moving on, the "Asian Studies" area offers over 53 digital images of items held in the Logan Museum of Anthropology, such as historic posters, folk art objects, and paintings. The "Logan Museum of Anthropology" area offers curious visitors over 2,100 items drawn from their extensive holdings. The items here include an ancient adze, headdresses from Native American groups, and beaded necklaces.

231

College Grad Job Hunter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the heart of the College Grad Job Hunter Web site, provided by Quantum Leap Publishing, is the Entry Level Jobs Offered Section, which at present includes eleven companies and is, for the most part, geared toward new college graduates. The section also offers thirteen pointers to other sites that provide job information for new grads. Another highlight is partial text from _College Grad Job Hunter_, by Brian Krueger. College Grad Job Hunter also provides information on writing cover letters, resumes, and negotiating offers. Note that at this time most of the jobs offered are computer related. http://www.collegegrad.com/ Partial text of _College Grad Job Hunter_: http://www.collegegrad.com/prep/cgjh/chapters.html

232

Dating Violence among College Students: Key Issues for College Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors present a review of literature examining dating violence among college students. They describe 6 key issues related to dating violence among college students that affect college counselors' work. These key issues relate to the incidence and prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological violence in college students' dating…

Murray, Christine E.; Kardatzke, Kerrie N.

2007-01-01

233

Reasons to Attend College Among Ethnically Diverse College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 713 ethnically diverse university freshmen (463 Latino, 167 Asian American, 54 African American, 29 European American) assessed reasons for attending college, ethnic identity, family interdependence, and college adjustment. Results revealed three reasons for attending college not reported in previous research: to help one's family, to prove one's self-worth, and because of encouragement. Attending college to help the

Jean S. Phinney; Jessica Dennis; Saloniki Osorio

2006-01-01

234

College Choices: 1997. Part A, By College Attended. Tables Only.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents 47 tables showing the Oregon college choices of 1997 Oregon high school graduates. Two summary tables are provided. The first shows 1997 high school graduates admitted in 1997 to Oregon colleges by county of origin and type of college. Of a total of 30,330 graduates, 12,762 enrolled in Oregon colleges; the second summary…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Office of Degree Authorization.

235

College Choices: 1997. Part A, By College Attended. Tables Only.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents 47 tables showing the Oregon college choices of 1997 Oregon high school graduates. Two summary tables are provided. The first shows 1997 high school graduates admitted in 1997 to Oregon colleges by county of origin and type of college. Of a total of 30,330 graduates, 12,762 enrolled in Oregon colleges; the second summary…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Office of Degree Authorization.

236

Educating Medical Students as Competent Users of Health Information Technologies: The MSOP Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more health information technologies become part of the health care environment, the need for physicians with medical informatics competencies is growing. In 2006, a survey was created to determine the degree to which the Association of American Medical College's Medical School Objectives Project (MSOP) medical informatics competencies had been incorporated into medical school curricula in the United States. Methods:

Julie J. McGowan; Morgan Passiment; Helene M. Hoffman

237

Educating Medical Students as Competent Users of Health Information Technologies: The MSOP Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more health information technologies become part of the health care environment, the need for physicians with medical informatics competencies is growing. In 2006, a survey was created to determine the degree to which the Association of American Medical College's Medical School Objectives Project (MSOP) medical informatics competencies had been incorporated into medical school curricula in the United States. Methods:

Julie J. Mcgowan; Morgan Passiment; Helene M. Hoffman

2007-01-01

238

Bradford College: Requiem for a College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Bradford College, located 35 miles north of Boston in Haverhill, Massachusetts, was exactly the type of institution in greatest jeopardy of closing. It was too small, with an enrollment that never exceeded five hundred students. Such institutions tend to have high attrition rates because they have limited numbers of courses, majors, facilities,…

Levine, Arthur

2011-01-01

239

Yavapai College Community Benefits Statements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Yavapai College Districts Board and members of Yavapai College administration and staff developed this report. It contains 12 statements that compromise the core outcomes of the Yavapai College Mission. The extent to which each college addresses these outcomes is then reflected in a series of indicators that are tied to the individual…

Salmon, Robert O.; Wing, Barbara; Fairchilds, Angie; Quinley, John W.

240

Wilson College: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The attempted closing of Wilson College in Pennsylvania, a 110-year-old liberal arts college for women, is recounted. In 1978 the board of trustees voted to close the college and preserve remaining assets for other educational purposes. A movement evolved to save the college, and subsequent litigation resulted in rulings in May 1979 that: (1) two…

Beeman, Alice L.

241

Problem Gambling on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of college students gamble, with some doing so problematically. This article discusses gambling and problem gambling among college students, framing it as an emerging health issue on college campuses nationwide. Given that 4 out of 5 college students admit to gambling, and that approximately 8% gamble problematically, it is…

McComb, Jennifer L.; Hanson, William E.

2009-01-01

242

Depression in Freshmen College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adjustment to college life and attending a university for the first time can be a stressful experience for college students. Because of the challenges faced when adapting to these life changes, college students are at risk of developing depressive symptomology. The development of depressive symptoms can lead to negative life events in the lives of college students, the most significant

Julie Marie Brandy

2011-01-01

243

COMMUNITY COLLEGES IN URBAN SETTINGS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A CONFERENCE OF ARCHITECTS, URBAN PLANNERS, COMMUNITY COLLEGE PRESIDENTS, AND EDUCATIONAL THEORISTS MET TO DISCUSS THE POSSIBILITY OF LOCATING JUNIOR COLLEGES IN CENTRAL CITIES. THE JUNIOR COLLEGE CAN MEET URBAN NEEDS FOR RETRAINING, FOR ADULT EDUCATION, FOR TRANSFER, AND FOR CREATING AN INFORMED ELECTORATE. THE COLLEGE LOCATION SHOULD ASSIST IT…

MAYHEW, LEWIS B.

244

Incorporating Yoga Into College Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yoga has become increasingly popular in the United States, and college counselors should be familiar with this practice due to its popularity among college students. This article provides a brief overview of yoga and research on its benefits for mental health concerns often experienced by college students. Additionally, it addresses methods of incorporating yoga into college counseling and offers a

Christopher M. Adams; Ana Puig

2008-01-01

245

Wilson College: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attempted closing of Wilson College in Pennsylvania, a 110-year-old liberal arts college for women, is recounted. In 1978 the board of trustees voted to close the college and preserve remaining assets for other educational purposes. A movement evolved to save the college, and subsequent litigation resulted in rulings in May 1979 that: (1) two…

Beeman, Alice L.

246

Priorities Statements of Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year since 1994, the 52 community colleges in Illinois prepare priority statements detailing specific college objectives for the current fiscal year (FY). This report provides the third update of the colleges' statements, covering FY 1998. Brief statements, from one to four pages, are provided for the following colleges: Belleville Area…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

247

Alternative Financing Methods for College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how changes in government policies have caused college students to seek alternative ways to finance college. Explores strategies used by students to pay for college, and the impact work has on their success. Looks at some alternative ways to pay for college, such as employee supported educational programs, savings incentives, and the…

DeBard, Robert

2000-01-01

248

Problem Gambling on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The vast majority of college students gamble, with some doing so problematically. This article discusses gambling and problem gambling among college students, framing it as an emerging health issue on college campuses nationwide. Given that 4 out of 5 college students admit to gambling, and that approximately 8% gamble problematically, it is…

McComb, Jennifer L.; Hanson, William E.

2009-01-01

249

Increasing Minority Admission to Medical School. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the final report of the Student National Medical Association's tutorial and preparatory program aimed at increasing enrollment of minority students in medical schools. The first of six sections describes the program's activities in preparing minority students to take the New Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). The original proposal and…

Clewell, Beatriz Chu; Keyser-Smith, Jennifer

250

Four Models of Medical Education about Elder Mistreatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describe four models of incorporating elder-mistreatment curriculum and collaboration with adult protective services into geriatrics medical education. Draws on efforts at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey--Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; the University of California, Irvine College of Medicine; Hennepin County Medical

Heath, John M.; Dyer, Carmel B.; Kerzner, Lawrence J.; Mosqueda, Laura; Murphy, Carole

2002-01-01

251

AAMC Data Book. Statistical Information Related to Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 1994 version of an annual data book on United States medical education offers extensive data on 12 topics which are fundamental or most frequently requested. Data sources include the Association of American Medical Colleges, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, the National Institutes of Health, Health Care Financing…

Jolly, Paul, Ed.; Hudley, Dorothea M., Ed.

252

Four Models of Medical Education about Elder Mistreatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describe four models of incorporating elder-mistreatment curriculum and collaboration with adult protective services into geriatrics medical education. Draws on efforts at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey--Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; the University of California, Irvine College of Medicine; Hennepin County Medical

Heath, John M.; Dyer, Carmel B.; Kerzner, Lawrence J.; Mosqueda, Laura; Murphy, Carole

2002-01-01

253

Educational Technology Infrastructure and Services in North American Medical Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose To describe the current educational technology infrastructure and services provided by North American allopathic medical schools that are members of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), to present information needed for institutional benchmarking. Method A Web-based survey instrument was developed and administered in the fall of 2004 by the authors, sent to representatives of 137 medical schools and

Carol Kamin; Kevin H. Souza; Diane Heestand; Anna Moses

2006-01-01

254

Impact of Nutrition on Health and Disease in Blacks and Other Minorities. Proceedings of the Meharry Medical College Annual Nutrition Workshop (1st, Nashville, Tennessee, October 28-30, 1987). Annual Nutrition Workshop Series, Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants in this workshop were scientists from various disciplines, including public health, oncology, nutrition, epidemiology, biochemistry, immunology, pharmacology, pediatrics, geriatric medicine, and the behavioral sciences. The workshop featured deliberations by medical experts on the dimensions and demographics of hunger in America. The…

Enwonwu, Cyril O., Ed.

255

Nutrition and Hypertension in Blacks and Other Minorities. Proceedings of the Meharry Medical College Annual Nutrition Workshop (2nd, Nashville, Tennessee, October 26-28, 1988). Annual Nutrition Workshop Series, Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During this 3-day workshop with 138 registered participants, invited medical experts deliberated extensively on the physiological regulation of blood pressure, the unique biological characteristics and dietary patterns of Blacks and other minorities, the prevalence of hypertension in U.S. Blacks and Native Americans, the roles of specific macro-…

Enwonwu, Cyril O., Ed.

256

Impact of Nutrition on Health and Disease in Blacks and Other Minorities. Proceedings of the Meharry Medical College Annual Nutrition Workshop (1st, Nashville, Tennessee, October 28-30, 1987). Annual Nutrition Workshop Series, Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participants in this workshop were scientists from various disciplines, including public health, oncology, nutrition, epidemiology, biochemistry, immunology, pharmacology, pediatrics, geriatric medicine, and the behavioral sciences. The workshop featured deliberations by medical experts on the dimensions and demographics of hunger in America. The…

Enwonwu, Cyril O., Ed.

257

Botox (Medical)  

MedlinePLUS

... Eye Glossary Current News How to Help Botox (Medical) Share with a friend Botox (Medical) A link to this article will be included ... list. Close without sharing. Give Us Feedback Botox (Medical) Your name First Name MI Laast Name Your ...

258

Abortion - medical  

MedlinePLUS

Therapeutic medical abortion; Elective medical abortion; Induced abortion; Nonsurgical abortion ... A medical, or nonsurgical, abortion can be done within 7 weeks from the first day of the woman's last ...

259

The impact of a developmental science course on college success for underprepared health science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developmental education for the academically underprepared college student has been aimed at helping students succeed in college. However, developmental education courses have traditionally focused on reading, writing and math. This quantitative study examined the relationship between a developmental science course for underprepared health science students on grades achieved in college level medical terminology courses. The effect was measured by analyzing student grades retrieved from a college database of official school records through the use of correlation research methodology during a previous 2-year academic period at a selected independent 4-year right-to-try college. The results yielded a weakly positive correlation, but not statistically significant coefficient of 0.325 between grades for students who successfully completed the developmental science course and their subsequent success in a college-level science course. The study added to the gap in knowledge in terms of the effect a developmental science course has on grades in college-level science courses.

Johnson, Candace A.

260

Air ambulance medical transport advertising and marketing.  

PubMed

The National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP), the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), the Air Medical Physician Association (AMPA), the Association of Air Medical Services (AAMS), and the National Association of State EMS Officials (NASEMSO) believe that patient care and outcomes are optimized by using air medical transport services that are licensed air ambulance providers with robust physician medical director oversight and ongoing quality assessment and review. Only air ambulance medical transport services with these credentials should advertise/market themselves as air ambulance services. PMID:21226561

2011-01-12

261

Original Articles Ethical Dilemmas and the Moral Reasoning of Medical Students Ethical Dilemmas and the Moral Reasoning of Medical Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To analyze the responses of medical students to ethical dilemmas commonly encountered in the clinical setting. Subjects and Method: A questionnaire based cross sectional survey was conducted on final year medical stu- dents from three different medical colleges in Karachi, Pakistan. Results: One hundred and twenty two students participated. Fifty eight percent were willing to withdraw ventila- tory support

A. M. Jafarey; A. Farooqui

262

Anatomy Education in a Changing Medical Curriculum in India: Medical Student Feedback on Duration and Emphasis of Gross Anatomy Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Authors report here a survey of medical student feedback on the effectiveness of two different anatomy curricula at Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. Undergraduate medical students seeking the Bachelor in Medicine and Bachelor in Surgery (M.B.B.S.) degrees were divided into two groups by the duration of their respective anatomy…

Holla, Sunil Jonathan; Ramachandran, Kalpana; Isaac, Bina; Koshy, Shajan

2009-01-01

263

Patterns and consequences of inadequate sleep in college students: substance use and motor vehicle accidents.  

PubMed

We examined college sleep patterns and consequences using a cross-sectional design. We found that students get insufficient sleep and frequently use medication and alcohol as sleep aids, use stimulants as alertness aids, and fall asleep at the wheel, or have motor vehicle accidents due to sleepiness. Future studies should focus on effective interventions for sleep in college students. PMID:20472221

Taylor, Daniel J; Bramoweth, Adam D

2010-02-25

264

Patterns and Consequences of Inadequate Sleep in College Students: Substance Use and Motor Vehicle Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined college sleep patterns and consequences using a cross-sectional design. We found that students get insufficient sleep and frequently use medication and alcohol as sleep aids, use stimulants as alertness aids, and fall asleep at the wheel, or have motor vehicle accidents due to sleepiness. Future studies should focus on effective interventions for sleep in college students.

Daniel J. Taylor; Adam D. Bramoweth

2010-01-01

265

Outwitting a College Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Requirements for admission to dental schools are discussed, along with the characteristics of students who seek admission. Colleges should stop serving as prep schools for professional education and, instead, ensure that professional students have a well-rounded education. (PP)|

Waldman, H. Barry

1983-01-01

266

College Campus Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... living in a fire-safe environment. Educating students on what they can do to stay safe during the school year is important and often overlooked. College students living away from home should take a few ...

267

Ohio Community College Portraits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides information on student characteristics, success and progress rates, cost of attendance, degrees awarded, class size, faculty characteristics, and employment outcomes at each of Ohio's twenty-three community college.|

Ohio Board of Regents, 2009

2009-01-01

268

Berkeley College, Yale University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the controversial architectural technique of combining contemporary features with traditional designs at Yale University's Berkeley College, and discusses whether there is a place for this type of juxtaposition in architectural design. Photos and diagrams are included. (GR)

Russell, James S.

2000-01-01

269

Tribal Colleges: An Introduction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tribal Colleges are unique institutions that combine personal attention with cultural relevance, in such a way as to encourage American Indians-especially those living on reservations-to overcome the barriers in higher education. This report highlights va...

2002-01-01

270

The Role of Veterinary Medical Librarians in Teaching Information Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study seeks to determine the nature of the instruction librarians provide to veterinary medical students at all 28 United States veterinary colleges. A secondary goal of the study was to determine in what ways and to what extent librarians participated in other instructional activities at their colleges. Over half of the librarians formally taught in one or more

Andrea L. Dinkelman; Ann R. Viera; Danelle A. Bickett-Weddle

2011-01-01

271

College Algebra Handouts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Professor Jody Harris at Broward Community College, these handouts are an excellent resource to print and give to community and technical college students in the algebra classroom. The subjects of the handouts include: quadratic equations; functions, domain, and range; inverse functions; compound interest; and exponential growth and decay. Each PDF explains, in graphic or equation form, the algebraic principle and some contain homework problems for students to complete to improve their algebra skills. [ASC

Harris, Jody

2007-10-22

272

Health Hazard Evaluation Report: University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy, Lexington, Kentucky.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In June 1999, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a request from management at the University of Kentucky Medical Center to conduct a health hazard evaluation (HHE) at the College of Pharmacy building. The request st...

C. K. Cook H. Daftarian V. Mortimer

2000-01-01

273

Dittrick Medical History Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Currently operating as an interdisciplinary study center within the College of Arts and Sciences of Case Western Reserve University, the Dittrick Medical History Center was established as part of the Cleveland Medical Library Association in 1894. First-time visitors will definitely want to begin by looking through the museum's history, and then examine the museum artifacts and galleries, which represent a small sample of their holdings. The artifacts are divided into time periods and include such fascinating medical equipment as bloodletting devices, a phrenology bust, and a defribrillator from 1950. The galleries section allows visitors to take a virtual tour of the rooms within the museum, such as a doctor's office from the 1930s and a replica of a pharmacy from the 1880s. Several online exhibits are also available for perusal, such as one dedicated to Cleveland's brush with a smallpox epidemic in 1902. Utterly fascinating, though not for the squeamish, is the exhibit that details medical school photographs, many of them class photographs around dissection tables, and postcards featuring medical students and cadavers. The site is rounded out with a host of online guides and finding aids that help in using the Center's extensive collections dealing with the history of medicine.

2003-01-01

274

What do we really know about ADHD in college students?  

PubMed

Research on ADHD in college students began in the 1990s and has been steadily increasing in recent years. Because young adults with ADHD who attend college have experienced greater academic success during high school than many peers with the disorder, which is likely to be associated with better overall functioning, the degree to which they experience similar patterns of adjustment difficulties was not initially known. Accumulating research suggests that college students with ADHD experience less academic success and greater psychological and emotional difficulties than other students and use alcohol and drugs at higher rates. However, conclusions to be drawn from this research are limited by the use of small samples that may not be representative of the wider population of students with ADHD, and a lack of diagnostic rigor in identifying students with ADHD to be included in such research. Studies of the effectiveness of psychosocial treatments, medication treatment, and academic accommodations are extremely limited or nonexistent. Issues particularly germane to college students include feigning ADHD and the misuse and diversion of stimulant medication. Given that at least 25 % of college students with disabilities are diagnosed with ADHD, methodologically sound investigations are clearly needed in order to better understand the impact of ADHD on college students' adjustment and to develop and implement interventions that can enhance students' success. PMID:22678459

Green, Andrea L; Rabiner, David L

2012-07-01

275

Building learning communities: evolution of the colleges at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.  

PubMed

Learning communities, which are an emerging trend in medical education, create a foundation for professional and academic development through the establishment of longitudinal relationships between students and faculty. In this article, the authors describe the robust learning community system at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, which encompasses wellness, career planning, professional development, and academics.The Vanderbilt Advisory Colleges Program introduced in 2006 initially focused on two goals: promoting wellness and providing career advising. In the 2011-2012 academic year, the focus of the colleges expanded to incorporate an enhanced level of personal career advising and an academic component. In the four-year College Colloquium course, faculty selected as college mentors teach the medical humanities and lead sessions dedicated to student professional development in the areas of leadership, research, and service-learning. This academic and professional development program builds on the existing strengths of the colleges and has transformed the colleges into learning communities.The authors reflect on lessons learned and discuss future plans. They report that internal data and data from the Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Graduation Questionnaire support consistently high and increasing satisfaction among Vanderbilt medical students, across the metrics of personal counseling, faculty mentoring, and career planning. PMID:23887019

Fleming, Amy; Cutrer, William; Moutsios, Sandi; Heavrin, Benjamin; Pilla, Michael; Eichbaum, Quentin; Rodgers, Scott

2013-09-01

276

Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate in College Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To evaluate stimulant medication on symptoms and functioning for college students with ADHD using double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design. Method: Participants included 24 college students with ADHD and 26 college students without psychopathology. Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) was examined for ADHD participants over five…

DuPaul, George J.; Weyandt, Lisa L.; Rossi, Joseph S.; Vilardo, Brigid A.; O'Dell, Sean M.; Carson, Kristen M.; Verdi, Genevieve; Swentosky, Anthony

2012-01-01

277

Curricular and pedagogic questions raised by recent medical education efforts on bioterrorism.  

PubMed

This article outlines the development of learning materials to educate osteopathic medical students about biological terrorism at the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM). The author then poses two questions that arose from this and concurrent AACOM projects and new technologic developments in medical education, regarding what colleges of osteopathic medicine teach and how they teach it. PMID:12501984

Heun, Linda R

2002-12-01

278

Medical scribes.  

PubMed

Medical scribes and electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly being introduced into ambulatory clinics with variable outcomes. Characteristics of a successful implementation of medical scribes are described. Tips for optimization of the composition and presentation of the EHR as well as medical processes associated with medical documentation are presented. PMID:23373160

Baugh, Reginald; Jones, James E; Trott, K; Takyi, Valerie E; Abbas, Jihad T

279

Perceptions of Racism by Black Medical Students Attending White Medical Schools  

PubMed Central

Thirty-one black medical students attending five white medical schools were seen in individual interviews of one to two hours to evaluate their perceptions of racism in their medical school education. The interviews focused on racism experienced in high school, college, and medical school. Over one half of the population experienced racism during their high school and college education, while 30 of 31 subjects reported racist experiences in their medical school education. The students reported a variety of methods of coping with racist experiences and emphasized the importance of fellow minority students, faculty, and the minority office in coping with the stresses of racist experiences. Those offering counseling services to minority students should recognize the reality of racist experiences in medical education.

Bullock, Samuel C.; Houston, Earline

1987-01-01

280

Biotechnology; Precision Agriculture; Working with Medical Electronics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV focuses on Biotechnology, Agricultural Sciences, and Medical Electronics. The video looks at the process and advantages of transferring from two-year colleges onto a four-year institution. This video also showcases Agricultural Science and the impact that students can have on that field. It can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Community College Biotechnology Programs," "Agricultural Technology," and "Working with Medical Electronics." The running time for the full episode is 9:47.

2010-07-28

281

Unmarried parents in college.  

PubMed

Noting that access to higher education has expanded dramatically in the past several decades, Sara Goldrick-Rab and Kia Sorensen focus on how unmarried parents fare once they enter college. Contrary to the expectation that access to college consistently promotes family stability and economic security, the authors argue that deficiencies in current policy lead college attendance to have adverse consequences for some families headed by unmarried parents. Although rates of college attendance have increased substantially among unmarried parents, their college completion rates are low. One explanation is inadequate academic preparation. Another is financial constraints, which can force unmarried students to interrupt their studies or increase their work hours, both of which compromise the quality of their educational experiences and the outcomes for their children. The authors point out that although many public programs offer support to unmarried parents attending college, the support is neither well coordinated nor easily accessed. Over the past three decades, loans have increasingly replaced grants as the most common form of federal and state financial aid. Confusion about what is available leads many low-income students to the two most "straightforward" sources of income--loans and work, both of which involve significant costs and can operate at cross-purposes with public forms of support. Too much work can lead to reductions in public benefits, and earnings do not always replace the lost income. A growing body of experimental evidence shows that providing social, financial, and academic supports to vulnerable community college students can improve achievement and attainment. Contextualized learning programs, for example, have enabled participants not only to move on from basic skills to credit-bearing coursework, but also to complete credits, earn certificates, and make gains on basic skills tests. Another successful initiative provided low-performing students with special counseling services and a small stipend of $150 per semester when they used those services. And researchers are conducting experimental performance-based financial aid programs at community colleges to test their effectiveness. Goldrick-Rab and Sorensen conclude that more effective support could enable unmarried students to complete college degree and certificate programs. PMID:20964137

Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Sorensen, Kia

2010-01-01

282

Perceptions of College Environment and Contiguity with College Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|C. Robert Pace's College and University Environment Scales (CUES) was adminstered to seven groups at a small, private, non-denominational liberal arts college for women located in the Midwest. Differing environmental perceptions found among groups is discussed. (AD)|

Reiner, John R.; Robinson, Donald W.

1970-01-01

283

Rush Health Systems and Meridian Community College: People Serving People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Meridian Community College and Rush Health Systems are partners in delivering training focused on Rush's mission statement of hospital-wide commitment to "excellence in service management." Rush and MCC have delivered customized classes in the following areas: medical billing, leadership management, computer training, admissions clerk, and…

Willis, Jean H.

2007-01-01

284

Rush Health Systems and Meridian Community College: People Serving People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meridian Community College and Rush Health Systems are partners in delivering training focused on Rush's mission statement of hospital-wide commitment to "excellence in service management." Rush and MCC have delivered customized classes in the following areas: medical billing, leadership management, computer training, admissions clerk, and…

Willis, Jean H.

2007-01-01

285

Colleges and Employees Explore Ways to Provide for Healthy Retirements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Faculty members and administrators should not assume that their colleges will pick up their medical bills during their retirement. Medicare benefits are not guaranteed that they will remain the same. Experts believe that the Medicare trust fund that pays for retiree hospital care will go bankrupt by 2019. As such, insurance experts are now urging…

Dotinga, Randy

2008-01-01

286

What Predicts Adjustment among College Students? A Longitudinal Panel Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Researchers have previously reported that law students and medical students experience significant distress during their first year. The authors suspected that freshmen undergraduates might experience similar distress in their transition to college. Participants: They surveyed 242 undergraduate freshmen at the beginning and end of…

Pritchard, Mary E.; Wilson, Gregory S.; Yamnitz, Ben

2007-01-01

287

Summer Institute in Biomedical Engineering for College Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the objectives, curricula, and accomplishments of an interdisciplinary summer institute designed to prepare college teachers qualified in both the life sciences and engineering. Indicates that joint educational programs between engineering, science, and medical faculties are completely feasible if each group is interested in the other…

Cleaver, T. G.; And Others

1973-01-01

288

Montgomery Junior College Technical and Semi-Professional Employment Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of technical and semiprofessional occupational needs in the Washington, D.C. area was conducted by Montgomery Junior College in an effort to devise suitable curriculums in such areas as medical auxiliary technologies, applied science technologies, and public service at the institution's proposed second campus in Rockville, Maryland.…

Kuhns, Eileen P.; Deyo, Donald E.

289

Medical students who decompress during the M-1 year outperform those who fail and repeat it: A study of M-1 students at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign 1988-2000  

PubMed Central

Background All medical schools must counsel poor-performing students, address their problems and assist them in developing into competent physicians. The objective of this study was to determine whether students with academic deficiencies in their M-1 year graduate more often, spend less time to complete the curriculum, and need fewer attempts at passing USMLE Step 1 and Step 2 by entering the Decompressed Program prior to failure of the M-1 year than those students who fail the M-1 year and then repeat it. Method The authors reviewed the performance of M-1 students in the Decompressed Program and compared their outcomes to M-1 students who failed and fully repeated the M-1 year. To compare the groups upon admission, t-Tests comparing the Cognitive Index of students and MCAT scores from both groups were performed. Performance of the two groups after matriculation was also analyzed. Results Decompressed students were 2.1 times more likely to graduate. Decompressed students were 2.5 times more likely to pass USMLE Step 1 on the first attempt than the repeat students. In addition, 46% of those in the decompressed group completed the program in five years compared to 18% of the repeat group. Conclusion Medical students who decompress their M-1 year prior to M-1 year failure outperform those who fail their first year and then repeat it. These findings indicate the need for careful monitoring of M-1 student performance and early intervention and counseling of struggling students.

Kies, Susan M; Freund, Gregory G

2005-01-01

290

UCLA Community College Bibliography: Women Community College Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliography provides an overview of recent scholarship on female community college presidents. A significant and growing number of women are serving as community college presidents. Specifically, there has been an increase in women community college presidents from 11% in 1991 to nearly 28% in 2001. With more women holding presidencies at…

Liu, Amy

2007-01-01

291

Commercializing College: An Analysis of College Representations during Bowl Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College expectations play an important role in students' success at an institution. Braxton et al. (1994) found that if expectations are met, students are more likely to persist than if they are unmet. One potential contributor to college expectations is media (Tobolowsky, 2001). Prior research concludes that colleges that play in bowl games…

Tobolowsky, Barbara F.; Lowery, John Wesley

2006-01-01

292

UCLA Community College Bibliography: Women Community College Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography provides an overview of recent scholarship on female community college presidents. A significant and growing number of women are serving as community college presidents. Specifically, there has been an increase in women community college presidents from 11% in 1991 to nearly 28% in 2001. With more women holding presidencies at…

Liu, Amy

2007-01-01

293

Santa Barbara City College: 1999-02 College Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents Santa Barbara City College's 1999-2002 College Plan. It is intended to be used as the central organizing document for decision making, planning, and budgeting throughout the College during the 1999-2002 period. This plan is the result of thoughtful and substantive dialogue involving individuals and groups throughout the…

Santa Barbara City Coll., CA.

294

Building Learning Colleges: Preparing Community College Faculty and Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation reports on the trend toward an increased emphasis on learning in two-year colleges. The author reviewed the mission statements and current resource development plans of the 106 California community colleges. More than one-third stated that being a learning-centered college was part of their mission, vision, or goals. The study…

Robles, Harriett J.

295

Columbia Basin College Assessment & Effectiveness: Report to the College Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report furnishes examples of assessment and effectiveness activities at Columbia Basin College (Washington). In 1997, the college's Board of Trustees began using the Carver Model of policy governance and created a new college mission statement and related end states, which directly answer the question, "What good will be produced for which…

Columbia Basin Coll., Pasco, WA.

296

Black Students, Black Colleges: An African American College Choice Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores African Americans' college choice decisions, based on a national sample of 220,757 freshmen. Independent of gender, family income, or educational aspiration, the most powerful predictors for choosing historically black colleges and universities are geography, religion, the college's academic reputation, and relatives' desires. The top…

McDonough, Patricia M.; Antonio, Anthony Lising; Trent, James W.

1997-01-01

297

College Choices: 1994. Part A. By College Attended. Tables Only.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents data in lists and in tabular form on colleges attended by graduates of Oregon secondary schools for the fall of 1994. The lists presented include the seven state universities, 16 community colleges, and 20 private colleges and universities within the state attended by these students. The first table presents a breakdown by…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Office of Educational Policy and Planning.

298

The Development of College Councils in Scottish Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Development of Scottish college councils for supervision of local authority further education (postsecondary) colleges is examined, with a survey of schemes produced by Scottish education authorities. The councils are compared with earlier boards of management. The underlying rationale of college councils is sought, revealing the primacy of…

Scott, Kenneth B.

1983-01-01

299

Sex differences in college major  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of sex differences in choice of college major in the United States in 1955 and 1973, using nationwide data. Data on college major distribution by sex; Analysis of differences; Empirical estimation. (Abstract copyright EBSCO.)

Solomon William Polachek

1978-01-01

300

Benefit Plans in Junior Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of a study of 893 2-year colleges describes group life insurance, disability income plans, retirement plans and health insurance as part of the total compensation of junior college faculty and staff. (CA)

King, Francis P.

1971-01-01

301

CETA: A Community College Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of Black Hawk College's experiences in Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) manpower programming, which lists some of the advantages and disadvantages of community college involvement in the programs, and points out other manpower related problems. (WL)

Reyes, Guadalupe, Jr.

1977-01-01

302

Health Care for College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Care for College Students Ages & Stages Listen Health Care for College Students Article Body I'll be ... student health service before starting an exercise program. Health care on campus If you are going to live ...

303

The Fiscal Impacts of College Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study quantifies one part of the return to U.S. public investment in college education, namely, the fiscal benefits associated with greater college attainment. College graduates pay much more taxes than those not going to college. Government expenditures are also much less for college graduates than for those without a college education.…

Trostel, Philip A.

2010-01-01

304

Evaluation of an Early Medical School Selection Program for Underrepresented Minority Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Correlated medical school performance of underrepresented minority students participating in Boston University's Early Medical School Selection Program with their Scholastic Aptitude Test and Medical College Admission Test scores. Found that students with higher scores had more success completing their first two years of medical school and…

Edelin, Kenneth C.; Ugbolue, Augustine

2001-01-01

305

The Impact of an Oncology Course on Attitudes of Freshman Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A course in oncology for freshman medical students at the Medical College of Pennsylvania is discussed. It is thought that appropriate training of medical students appears to lead to more positive attitudes toward cancer, but many of these efforts have been directed to groups at later stages of medical education. (MLW)|

Appel, Marilyn H.; And Others

1981-01-01

306

The Impact of an Oncology Course on Attitudes of Freshman Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course in oncology for freshman medical students at the Medical College of Pennsylvania is discussed. It is thought that appropriate training of medical students appears to lead to more positive attitudes toward cancer, but many of these efforts have been directed to groups at later stages of medical education. (MLW)

Appel, Marilyn H.; And Others

1981-01-01

307

Prevalence of ADHD Diagnosis and Nonmedical Prescription Stimulant Use in Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors aimed to determine the prevalence of ADHD diagnosis and the prevalence of nonmedical prescription stimulant use among a sample of medical students. Methods: An anonymous survey was administered to 388 medical students (84.0% return rate) across all 4 years of education at a public medical college. Results: Eighteen medical

Tuttle, Jeffrey P.; Scheurich, Neil E.; Ranseen, John

2010-01-01

308

Innovations in College Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifteen innovative college science programs based on survey results about perceptions of excellence in college science teaching are presented. The goals, program origins, special features of the programs, evaluations, and conclusions are described for each. Discussed are the commonalities among this collection of 15 college science programs and…

Penick, John E., Ed.; Dunkhase, John A., Ed.

309

The Community College's International Vision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the growing involvement of community colleges in international education/projects. Explains the role of the Community Colleges for International Development and other foreign technical assistance programs. Discusses community college cooperation with foreign companies and international organizations. Highlights outreach efforts in India.…

King, Maxwell C.

1990-01-01

310

A Conversation with Simmons College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an edited transcript of a discussion with seven Simmons College faculty members about education for women and the role a women's college can play in a period of social change. Discussion topics include Simmons as a women's college, meaningful work, non-traditional careers, counseling responsibilities, and potential students. (CAM)|

Riesman, David

1979-01-01

311

College Planning for Gifted Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College planning is a major event in the lives of many families. For gifted students, college planning should be one step in a life development process that takes place between 7th and 12th grades. Characteristics of gifted students that affect their college planning include multipotentiality, sensitivity to competing expectations, uneven development, ownership of their abilities, dissonance, taking risks, and a

Sandra L. Berger

312

Community College Employee Wellness Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program…

Thornton, L. Jay; Johnson, Sharon

2010-01-01

313

Community College Goals Inventory (CCGI).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Community College Goals Inventory (CCGI) was used to gather comparative data from faculty, administrators, staff, lay advisory members, and college board members at Virginia Western Community College (VWCC). CCGI's 90 goal statements, which are grouped into 20 goal categories and a miscellaneous category, and an additional 18 local statements…

Houston, C. A.

314

Supporting Enterprise. A College Contribution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the experience of one college--Percival Whitley College in Calderdale, England--in contributing to the strategy for economic regeneration of the surrounding metropolitan district. It charts the success of the borough and the college working together to attract national and European funding. A checklist for implementing…

Bolton, John F.; Cook, David

315

Community College Employee Wellness Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program information…

Thornton, L. Jay; Johnson, Sharon

2010-01-01

316

Community College Employee Wellness Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program information regarding funding, activities offered, program administration, participation rates, and incentives. The results

L. Jay Thornton; Sharon Johnson

2010-01-01

317

Priorities Statements of Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to recommendations in the Illinois Board of Higher Education's Priorities, Quality, and Productivity report of November 1994, the 52 community colleges in the state prepared priority statements detailing specific college objectives for the current fiscal year (FY). This report provides the second update of the colleges' statements,…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

318

High-Tech College Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this digital age, teaching has transcended the classroom. So why should school walls confine college counseling? The question is driving innovation that could change the way students prepare for college and careers. Just as learning is now a hybrid of face-to-face and virtual interactions, the transmission of college know-how is fast becoming a…

Hoover, Eric

2012-01-01

319

College Students Come of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities today attract a student population less homogeneous than those of past generations. The majority of all college students are women, and adults 25 years and older account for over 40% of all college enrollments. A study was conducted to examine inherent similarities and differences among college students with age a critical factor.…

Epstein, Howard V.

320

Successful Community College Alumni Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As state funding for community colleges continues not to keep pace with programming needs, more community colleges are taking the initiative to seek funding from private sources. Four-year colleges and universities have long used alumni programs as major outside sources of funding. Since a high percentage of today's students embark on their…

Boyd, Monica Shuford; Williams, Mitchell R.; Pennington, Kevin

2009-01-01

321

Community College a Research Puzzle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When President Barack Obama unveiled his plans this summer for a $12 billion federal investment in the nation's community colleges, he said he wanted the initiative to yield an additional 5 million community college graduates by 2020. Research suggests that reaching that goal may be a tall order. Community colleges have abysmal graduation rates:…

Viadero, Debra

2009-01-01

322

Tenure and America's Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|America's colleges and universities have been moving slowly but steadily away from tenure over the past decade. The American Federation of Teachers reports that community colleges have seen a 22% increase in the number of instructional staff between 1997 and 2007. During that time, the percentage of community college faculty that were full-time…

DiMaria, Frank

2012-01-01

323

How Green Was My College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|You cannot learn anything about a college these days without hearing about what that college is doing for the planet, whether it is buying local food or shrinking its carbon footprint. A number of organizations are eager to evaluate colleges on their efforts. Grist, Sierra, and Current magazines and the Sustainable Endowments Institute all have…

Carlson, Scott

2008-01-01

324

The Promise of Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American public sees community colleges as high quality institutions, offering access to higher education and job training for everyone. Results from a new national survey confirmed Americans' strong endorsement of the opportunity provided by community colleges, indicating that the colleges are highly valued and integral in American society.…

McClenney, Kay M.

2005-01-01

325

Measuring Academic Readiness for College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school-college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

2012-01-01

326

Measuring Academic Readiness for College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school–college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing Board, Achieve, and several states. The focus of this

Andrew C. Porter; Morgan S. Polikoff

2012-01-01

327

NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. community college movement has a rich tradition of serving as the United States's “people's college.” Through their commitment to access and comprehensiveness, community colleges enroll more than 50% of the nation's students who are enrolled in higher education. Courses and programs provide university transfer, occupational?technical, basic skills, and cultural education to people from all segments of the community.

Edgar J. Boone

1997-01-01

328

High-Tech College Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this digital age, teaching has transcended the classroom. So why should school walls confine college counseling? The question is driving innovation that could change the way students prepare for college and careers. Just as learning is now a hybrid of face-to-face and virtual interactions, the transmission of college know-how is fast becoming…

Hoover, Eric

2012-01-01

329

Measuring Academic Readiness for College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school-college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

2012-01-01

330

Assessing community college transfer performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transfer education is one of the most important, most criticized, and most difficult to measure of the functions performed by community colleges. If the performance of community colleges is to be properly assessed, problems of measuring and analyzing the transfer function must be solved. This paper seeks to answer several basic questions about community colleges' transfer performance, using California as

Chuck McIntyre

1987-01-01

331

Social Concerns: Trim the College!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that there is no agreement as to what a college is, noting that colleges vary drastically in such areas as tuition, mission, course offerings, and scope. The paper defines a basic college, discussing its advantages (e.g., it offers only courses that serve the liberal arts, limits campus amenities, has a small faculty, and requires lower…

Barzun, Jacques

2002-01-01

332

Colleges and Universities as Citizens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 10 essays focuses on the role of colleges and universities as engaged citizens seeking to better their communities. The essays include: (1) "Colleges and Universities as Citizens: Issues and Perspectives" (Robert G. Bringle, Richard Games, and Edward A. Malloy); (2) "Ernest L. Boyer: Colleges and Universities as Citizens"…

Bringle, Robert G., Ed.; Games, Richard, Ed.; Malloy, Edward A., Ed.

333

College Football Games and Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a great deal of anecdotal evidence that college football games can lead to aggressive and destructive behavior by fans. However, to date, no empirical study has attempted to document the magnitude of this phenomenon. We match daily data on offenses from the NIBRS to 26 Division I-A college football programs in order to estimate the relationship between college

Daniel I Rees; Kevin T Schnepel

2008-01-01

334

Medical futility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physicians may employ the concept of medical futility to justify a decision not to pursue certain treatments that may be requested\\u000a or demanded by patients or surrogates. Medical futility means that the proposed therapy should not be performed because available\\u000a data show that it will not improve the patient’s medical condition. Medical futility remains ethically controversial for several\\u000a reasons. Some

James L. Bernat

2005-01-01

335

College knowledge: a critical component of college and career readiness.  

PubMed

Policy has traditionally emphasized the completion of academic requirements as the gateway to postsecondary education. There is, however, growing understanding that youth need to develop a wide range of knowledge, skills, abilities, and personal resources for career success, civic engagement, and lifelong learning. It also is necessary to address the social, informational, and financial barriers to college that many first-generation and low-income youth come up against. Allowing youth to participate in programs that provide access to college campuses and classes, through dual or concurrent enrollment, early college models, or expanded learning opportunities, is an effective way to help students gain college knowledge and see themselves as college students. This article offers an expanded definition of college and career readiness and profiles three programs drawn from a larger review of twenty-three programs designed to support college and career success for students from underrepresented groups. PMID:20973075

Hooker, Sarah; Brand, Betsy

2010-01-01

336

An Exploratory Evaluation of U.S. Medical Schools' Efforts to Achieve Equal Representation of Minority Students. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During 1970 a Task Force organized by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) compiled data on existing trends in the recruitment and retention of minorities in medical schools and recommended strategies and goals for increasing minority group...

1976-01-01

337

Community College Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the need for continuous evaluation in community college curriculum. During the process of analyzing and updating instruction, curriculum objectives should be recognized, especially: (1) knowledge objectives, which include relevant facts, concepts, and generalizations; (2) skills objectives, such as critical and creative…

Ediger, Marlow

338

College at Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the public discourse on education. On that subject, Republicans and Democrats speak the same language--and so, with striking uniformity, do more and more college and university leaders. The view of teaching and learning as an economic driver is a limited one, which puts at risk America's most distinctive…

Delbanco, Andrew

2012-01-01

339

PLANNING THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A COMMUNITY COLLEGE MASTER PLAN (1) SHOULD BE UNIQUE, DESIGNED FOR ITS PARTICULAR SITUATION, (2) DEVELOPS FROM AN ANALYSIS OF NEEDS, SITE, GROWTH, AND FINANCE, (3) STARTS WITH A REVIEW OF FACTS, RESOURCES, NEEDS, AND INFLUENCES, TO GIVE A FOUNDATION FOR THE CREATIVE PLANNING PROCESS, AND (4) IS INFLUENCED BY FACTORS OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM,…

1967

340

College Students and Alcohol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interprets data obtained through surveys concerning Soviet college students' alcohol consumption. Examines onset of drinking, frequency of drinking and inebriation, peer influence, gender differences, and students' self-assessments of alcohol use. Considers alcohol's habituating effects and consequent impact on individual development. (CH)|

Levin, Boris Mikhailovich; Levin, Mikhail Borisovich

1990-01-01

341

Making College Completion Personal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are countless justifications for why young adults, faced with so many distractions, do not complete their educations. Many students fail to finish college because of a lack of information and understanding about healthy relationships and sex education. The author's own struggles and eventual successes as a student and mother compelled her to…

Thomas, Heather

2011-01-01

342

How Colleges Perpetuate Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Colleges, once seen as beacons of egalitarian hope, are becoming bastions of wealth and privilege that perpetuate inequality. The chance of a low-income child obtaining a bachelor's degree has not budged in three decades: Just 6 percent of students from the lowest-income families earned a bachelor's degree by age 24 in 1970, and in 2002 still…

Sacks, Peter

2007-01-01

343

Success without College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One broad-based solution that critics like Charles Murray favor to the problem of too many students going on to college is to direct more young people into relevant job-training and certificate programs. Murray's argument, articulated in "Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality," is based on the belief…

Fertig, Jason

2011-01-01

344

Faculty Handbook, Concord College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides information concerning appointments, salaries, fringe benefits, and privileges, as well as duties and responsibilities of the faculty and other matters of faculty interest at Concord College. In addition to the Faculty Constitution, appropriate regulations of the West Virginia Board of Regents and derivative academic and…

Concord Coll., Athens, WV.

345

College Hoops Insider  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site will appeal to Internauts who wish to follow the remainder of the 1999 NCAA men's and women's basketball tournaments online. College Hoops Insider provides excellent coverage of the Men's Tournament, featuring seventeen columnists, interviews, short pieces on all the coaches, feature stories, Power Ratings, and RealPlayer Audio selections.

346

Bellarmine College Alumni Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Alumni of Bellarmine College, Kentucky, who had obtained B.A. or B.S. degrees from 1974 to 1978 were surveyed in 1979. Areas of assessment were as follows: majors, desired occupation at time of graduation, attendance at graduate school, present employment status, jobs held by respondents, reasons why respondents chose their present jobs,…

Slesnick, Frank

347

College Party Intervention Checklist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Off-campus parties are a major source of underage and excessive drinking among college students and cause alcohol-related problems for students and residents. This checklist is a brief, evidence-based guide for campus-based prevention professionals. It is designed to give the basic information needed to develop, implement, and evaluate an…

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012

2012-01-01

348

The Maricopa Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A college personnel policy developed to respond to changing conditions has 10 elements: establishment of a master planning process, policy and procedures review, early retirement, extended leave, recruitment and hiring of new faculty, flexible benefits, productivity and career development, internship opportunities, faculty renewal opportunities,…

Bush, Ronald W.; Ames, W. Clark

1984-01-01

349

Book Industry Trends: College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the cost of college said to be escalating at double the rate of inflation, parents and students have voiced frustration, some think unreasonably, about textbook prices. In 2007, higher-education publishers continued to grapple with price resistance to textbooks and competition from the used-book market. This article reports that…

Oda, Stephanie; Sanislo, Glenn

2009-01-01

350

Finances and College Athletics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2008-2009, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) generated television and marketing revenues of approximately $591 million, college sports apparel sales topped $4 billion, and several schools signed multimedia-rights deals for more than $100 million (Berkowitz, 2009; National Collegiate Athletic Association, 2009). At the…

Hodge, Frank; Tanlu, Lloyd

2009-01-01

351

Electoral College, January 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. president is indirectly elected by the citizenry through a college of electors devised in 1787 by the framers of the Constitution. The electors role is to meet once in each of their respective States or the District of Columbia to pick the next p...

2011-01-01

352

College and University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following an introductory discussion by E. J. Josey that provides a perspective on college and university libraries, the following essays are presented: (1) "Academic Library Planning--Definitions and Early Planning Studies in Academic Libraries" (Stanton F. Biddle); (2) "Academic Libraries and Academic Computing--Rationale for a Modern Marriage"…

Shubert, Joseph F., Ed.; Josey, E. J., Ed.

1986-01-01

353

American College of Cardiology  

MedlinePLUS

... to the 2008 Guidelines View More Clinical Documents View Practice Guides Products Self-Assessment Programs (SAPs) Meetings on Demand Heart Songs 3 ACCEL Audio See all eLearning & Products JACC Journals Journal of the American College of Cardiology JACC Cardiovascular Imaging JACC Cardiovascular ...

354

Marketing the College Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theory underlying marketing in the public sector is presented in combination with specific examples of marketing strategies and techniques used in college unions and student activities programs across the country. The subject of marketing is discussed under six major subject headings: (1) why marketing? (2) analyzing marketing opportunities; (3)…

Hoef, Ted; Howe, Nanci

355

"College for All" Confronted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new report proposes academic pathways that would lead some students toward careers rather than college, and that is raising fears among advocates for the disadvantaged. Leaders of the "Pathways to Prosperity" project at the Harvard Graduate School of Education argue for an education system that clearly articulates students' career options as…

Gewertz, Catherine

2011-01-01

356

Success without College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One broad-based solution that critics like Charles Murray favor to the problem of too many students going on to college is to direct more young people into relevant job-training and certificate programs. Murray's argument, articulated in "Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality," is based on the belief…

Fertig, Jason

2011-01-01

357

Underfunded Miracles: Tribal Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tribal colleges are attracting, retaining, and educating a new population of Native students. These 24 institutions are characterized by their location on reservations, governance by local boards, dedicated faculty and administrators, intercollegiate cooperation and collaboration, frugal management of material resources, and the central role of…

Houser, Schuyler

358

College Students and Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper examined the computer competencies of 193 undergraduate students at East Carolina University (North Carolina). A 10-item questionnaire inquired about previous computer courses in both high school and college. About 50 percent of the students had taken a computer course or had worked with computers at home or on the…

Brown, Bob; Kester, Diane

359

"College for All" Confronted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new report proposes academic pathways that would lead some students toward careers rather than college, and that is raising fears among advocates for the disadvantaged. Leaders of the "Pathways to Prosperity" project at the Harvard Graduate School of Education argue for an education system that clearly articulates students' career options as…

Gewertz, Catherine

2011-01-01

360

Future of Technical Colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN recent educational discussions changes have been suggested in the relative status of university and technical institutions. Some of the suggestions have taken form and substance in various reports, for example that of the Institute of Physics dealing with the education and training of physicists. The policies suggested have so fundamental a bearing on the future of technical colleges of

R. M. Barrer; J. P. Andrews

1943-01-01

361

Governance Structure: Palomar College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The governance structure of Palomar College (PC) in San Marcos, California, is defined in the plan described in this document. Introductory material indicates that the plan was designed to provide appropriate representation for each of PC's constituent groups, delineate committee responsibilities and reporting relationships, establish the…

Palomar Coll., San Marcos, CA.

362

Consumerism in the Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to provide a historical perspective on consumerism in higher education, this literature review considers consumer laws, student rights and responsibilities, institutional practices, and major issues related to consumerism and its impact on students and colleges. After an overview of the purposes, scope, and limitations of the paper, the…

Mitchell, Regene L.

363

Inside the College Presidency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In interview, president of the American Council on Education, Robert H. Atwell, offers his perspectives on the current state of the college presidency; its pressures, rewards, and frustrations; and what he'd like to see administrators do differently. Qualities of an effective president include high energy, tolerance for ambiguity, good listening…

Educational Record, 1996

1996-01-01

364

The Learning Paradigm College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author of this book argues that innovations do not transform colleges because higher education faces a problem of scale. The book identifies two paradigms: "organizational," which is the overall theory-in-use of an organization; and "instructional," which incorporates the mission of higher education institutions to provide instruction in the…

Tagg, John

365

Reading and College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lobby of the college building echoes with the noise of teenagers milling around a table filled with books. Hands flutter over the bright covers, picking them up, flipping them over, thumbing through pages. Welcome to an Elon Academy Saturday at break time, the mid-point pause in this monthly gathering of the more than 70 student participants…

Pyne, Kimberly B.

2012-01-01

366

Community College Funding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a practitioner's funding model indicative of the primary revenue streams of community colleges in Texas. Methodology is developed to identify internal and external processes for the comparison of these primary revenue streams on a per-contact-hour basis. Student tuition, ad valorem property tax, maintenance taxing district,…

Waller, Lee; Glasscock, Herlinda M.; Glasscock, Ronnie L.; Fulton-Calkins, Patsy J.

2006-01-01

367

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety - Section Contents ... Medical Product Safety Network Emergency Situations (Medical Devices) - Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

368

The 4 Year Community College: Tribal College. Some Lessons in Success for Indian Students in College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing from the experiences of Oglala Lakota College (OLC) in South Dakota, this paper points to the philosophical and operational changes colleges and universities must make if they truly desire to recruit and retain significant numbers of minority students. The first section discusses the philosophical bases of tribal colleges, arguing that…

Amiotte, Lowell; Allen, Tom

369

Campus Voice: The College Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Campus Voice, an editorial poster seen on 354 campuses nationwide, has covered trends and news relevant to the college community for 14 years. Now on the Web, Campus Voice: The College Site showcases college media from the USA and around the world, including news, points of view, interviews and critical reviews. Because Campus Voice: The College Site is for students and about them, students write, report, research, moderate, and design the site. Campus Voice: The College Site emphasizes good reporting and writing, featuring interviews pertaining to topics like money, internships, travel, jobs (both part-time and real), health, sex, cheap eats, relationships, big ideas, sports, technology, entertainment, toys, and gadgets.

370

A Medical Student Workshop in Mechanical Ventilation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to teach applied respiratory physiology to medical students, the anesthesiology faculty at the University of Florida College of Medicine has designed and implemented a course that includes a laboratory workshop in mechanical ventilation of an animal model that allows students to apply and expand their knowledge. (JMD)|

And Others; Kushins, Lawrence G.

1980-01-01

371

Medical School Admissions: The Insider's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A handbook on the medical school admissions process is presented, offering a first hand account of what works. Six chapters discuss the following topics and subtopics: (1) premedical preparation (planning undergraduate study and picking the right college); (2) power techniques for higher grades (techniques for grade point success, improving…

Zebala, John A.; Jones, Daniel B.

372

Medical Office Laboratory Procedures: Course Proposal. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A proposal is presented for a Community College of Philadelphia course, entitled "Medical Office Laboratory Procedures," which provides a laboratory introduction to microscopic and chemical analysis of blood and urine as performed in the physician's office. Following a standard cover form, a statement of the purpose of the course discusses course…

Baker, Eleanor

373

A Medical Student Workshop in Mechanical Ventilation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to teach applied respiratory physiology to medical students, the anesthesiology faculty at the University of Florida College of Medicine has designed and implemented a course that includes a laboratory workshop in mechanical ventilation of an animal model that allows students to apply and expand their knowledge. (JMD)

And Others; Kushins, Lawrence G.

1980-01-01

374

Medical Office Laboratory Procedures: Course Proposal. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A proposal is presented for a Community College of Philadelphia course, entitled "Medical Office Laboratory Procedures," which provides a laboratory introduction to microscopic and chemical analysis of blood and urine as performed in the physician's office. Following a standard cover form, a statement of the purpose of the course discusses course…

Baker, Eleanor

375

Medical Amnesty Policies: Research is Needed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the issues surrounding medical amnesty policies in higher education beginning with the background of such policies, a summary of the current debate regarding the policies, and a discussion of research related to helping behaviors among college students. Due to the negative consequences of alcohol misuse, many student affairs…

Oster-Aaland, Laura; Eighmy, Myron A.

2008-01-01

376

Support programs for minority students at Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine.  

PubMed

The Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine ranks high among the nation's 19 osteopathic medical schools with respect to the percentage of underrepresented minorities (URMs) in the entering class. The college has strong recruitment and retention programs for URM and disadvantaged students. URM enrollment rose steadily from 11% in 1982-83 to 22% in 1997-98, despite the school's location in a rural, residential public university with few minorities as students or town residents. The college has six programs to support minority students through both undergraduate and medical school: the Summer Scholars Program (1983 to present), an intensive six-week summer program to prepare rising under-graduate seniors and recent graduates to apply to medical school; Academic Enrichment (1987 to present), to support first- and second-year medical students; the Prematriculation Program (1988 to present), an intensive six-week summer program for students who will matriculate in the college; Program ExCEL (1993 to present), a four-year program for undergraduates at Ohio University; the Summer Enrichment Program (1993 to present), an optional six-week program for students who will enter the premedical course at Ohio University; and the Post-baccalaureate Program (1993 to present), a year-long, individually tailored program for URM students who have applied to the medical college but have been rejected. The medical college first focused on supporting students already in the medical school curriculum, then expanded logically back through the undergraduate premedical programs, always targeting learning strategies and survival strategies, peer and faculty support, and mastery of the basic science content. The college plans to create an on-site MCAT preparation program and perhaps expand into secondary education. PMID:10219219

Thompson, H C; Weiser, M A

1999-04-01

377

Patients and Medical Statistics  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND People are increasingly presented with medical statistics. There are no existing measures to assess their level of interest or confidence in using medical statistics. OBJECTIVE To develop 2 new measures, the STAT-interest and STAT-confidence scales, and assess their reliability and validity. DESIGN Survey with retest after approximately 2 weeks. SUBJECTS Two hundred and twenty-four people were recruited from advertisements in local newspapers, an outpatient clinic waiting area, and a hospital open house. MEASURES We developed and revised 5 items on interest in medical statistics and 3 on confidence understanding statistics. RESULTS Study participants were mostly college graduates (52%); 25% had a high school education or less. The mean age was 53 (range 20 to 84) years. Most paid attention to medical statistics (6% paid no attention). The mean (SD) STAT-interest score was 68 (17) and ranged from 15 to 100. Confidence in using statistics was also high: the mean (SD) STAT-confidence score was 65 (19) and ranged from 11 to 100. STAT-interest and STAT-confidence scores were moderately correlated (r=.36, P<.001). Both scales demonstrated good test–retest repeatability (r=.60, .62, respectively), internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's ?=0.70 and 0.78), and usability (individual item nonresponse ranged from 0% to 1.3%). Scale scores correlated only weakly with scores on a medical data interpretation test (r=.15 and .26, respectively). CONCLUSION The STAT-interest and STAT-confidence scales are usable and reliable. Interest and confidence were only weakly related to the ability to actually use data.

Woloshin, Steven; Schwartz, Lisa M; Welch, H Gilbert

2005-01-01

378

New Perspectives on the Education and Career of the Students of the Health Services Vocational College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: This survey was led to image the education, student profiles and perspectives of the jobs of students who were trained in the programming of Medical Documentation and Secretaryship (MDS) and Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) under the four different universities' departments of Health Services Vocational College (HSVC) in Turkey the during…

Somunoglu, Sinem; Unalan, Demet; Dikmetas, Elif; Erdem, Ramazan

2009-01-01

379

Historically Black College and University Graduates' Admission to and Graduation from Health Profession Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Admission to and graduation from health profession schools by graduates of historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) were studied, with a focus on the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) and Howard University's Medical (HUMS) and Dental Schools (HUDS). Site visits and interviews were also conducted with the pre-health…

Allen (Anita F.) Associates.

380

New Perspectives on the Education and Career of the Students of the Health Services Vocational College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This survey was led to image the education, student profiles and perspectives of the jobs of students who were trained in the programming of Medical Documentation and Secretaryship (MDS) and Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) under the four different universities' departments of Health Services Vocational College (HSVC) in Turkey the during…

Somunoglu, Sinem; Unalan, Demet; Dikmetas, Elif; Erdem, Ramazan

2009-01-01

381

Selected Collective Bargaining Agreements of Illinois Two-Year Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collective bargaining agreements of 22 selected Illinois two-year colleges are presented, representing contracts in effect in 1988. Contracts for the following colleges are included: Belleville Area College, Black Hawk College, Carl Sandburg College, College of Lake County, Cook County College, Highland Community College, Illinois Central College,…

National Education Association, Washington, DC.

382

Continuing education for medical professionals: a reflective model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Royal Colleges and their Faculties have moved continuing professional development up the agenda of doctors in the UK. The low educational value and failure to change professional practice of much continuing medical education has led to criticism of its emphasis on formal, didactic teaching and academic knowledge. The ubiquitous scientific or technical bias in medical education makes questionable assumptions

S. Brigley; Y. Young; P. Littlejohns; J. McEwen

1997-01-01

383

Medical School Admissions: The Insider's Guide. 4th Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This revised and updated handbook written by recent medical school graduates offers a firsthand account of successful strategies for the medical school admissions process. Six chapters discuss the following topics: (1) premedical preparation (planning undergraduate study and picking the right college); (2) power techniques for higher grades…

Zebala, John A.; And Others

384

Review of Medical School Administrative Staff Salaries, 1976-1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of the most recent Administrative Salary Survey of the Association of American Medical Colleges are analyzed. The data represent 94 U.S. medical schools, with the number of applicable staff positions ranging from two to 52 per institution. The positions considered included those in which at least 20 percent of the time was spent in…

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

385

The Best Reference Books in a Medical School Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Challenged with the task of keeping the reference collection current and useful, the reference staff at the Medical College of Wisconsin sought the opinions of their colleagues at other medical school libraries as to what they valued most in their reference collections. Thirty-nine librarians responded to the questionnaire, listing 213 titles as \\

Nancy R. Johnson; Elizabeth Wu; Glynis Vandoorne Asu; Molly Youngkin; Kathleen Strube

1991-01-01

386

Readiness to Act: Use of the Health Belief Model in Understanding Parental Communication about Alcohol for Incoming College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Harmful and detrimental effects associated with college student alcohol use have been well documented in scholarly research, the popular press, numerous government- produced reports and by medical associations. Despite the fact that parental involvement in the college experience has increased significantly in the last 20 years, the literature on…

Neifeld Wheeler, Wendy S.

2010-01-01

387

Medical Assistants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For a concise summary of the medical assistant profession the Medical Assistants entry in the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Outlook Handbook is must read. The site covers topics ranging from the nature of the profession, working conditions, earnings, and more. The section on training, qualifications and advancement will be of special interest to medical assistant faculty and students. The section on sources of addition information will also be a good launching point for anyone seeking additional online resources.

2006-11-01

388

United Negro College Fund  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1944 (from an idea presented by Dr. Frederick D. Pattison), the United Negro College Fund (UNCF) was designed to enhance the quality of education (and the availability of access) for minority students across the United States. Currently the organization supports nearly 65,000 students who attend UNCF's 39 member institutions and 950 other colleges and universities throughout the country. At the website, visitors can learn about UNCF's member institutions (which include schools such as Morehouse and Clark Atlanta University), learn about internships programs, corporate partnerships, and elect to donate money to the UNCF. Currently enrolled students will want to make sure to look at the scholarship section, as it contains the particulars about applying for a diverse array scholarship programs, such as the Gates Millennium Scholars initiative.

389

Hamilton College: Jazz Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under the direction of Monk Rowe, Hamilton College has built an amazing collection of interviews with jazz musicians, arrangers, writers, and critics. The college started collecting all of these interviews back in 1995, and since that time they have interviewed over 300 people. First-time visitors will note that each interview includes an audio file of the conversation, a photograph of the interviewee, and a transcript. A good place to start is the library website, available under Access to Interviews. On the library website, users can browse a Topics dropdown menu, which includes acoustic guitarists, composers, jazz banjo, and dozens of others. Some of the highlights here include conversations with Nat Adderley, Junior Mance, and legendary vibraphonist Terry Gibbs.

2012-09-14

390

Teaching College Math  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Maria H. Andersen teaches mathematics at Muskegon Community College, and she also work as a consultant for a range of companies. As a public service to those in her profession, she has created this well designed website. The site contains links to helpful and fun activities designed to teach college level math students about algebra, calculus, and other mathematical topics. Visitors can scroll down through the entries, and Professor Andersen has included videos to complement activities like "Exponent Block and Factor Pair Block" and "Numenko: Math Game for Arithmetic", which can be quite addictive. Along the top of the site visitors can scan through categories such as "Algebra Activities" and "Resources" and Games". The "Resources" area includes archived webinars such as "Developing Cognitive Assessments for Daily Classroom Use" and "A Year in the Life of a Math Blog".

391

Medical confidence.  

PubMed Central

If medical confidentiality is not observed patients may well be reluctant to disclose information to their doctors or even to seek medical advice. Therefore, argues the author, it is of the utmost importance that doctors strive to protect medical confidentiality, particularly now when it is under threat not only in this country but also overseas. The profession must cease to regard ethical issues to do with confidentiality, and indeed to do with all areas of medical practice, as abstract phenomena requiring no justification. If it does not then it will come under increasing and justified criticism from the community it serves.

Havard, J

1985-01-01

392

Philanthropic Motivations of Community College Donors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study surveyed current, lapsed, and major gift donors to explore the impact of college communications on donors' decisions to contribute to the college, the likelihood of donor financial support for various college projects, and the philanthropic motivation profiles of the donors of a midsized, multicampus community college in Virginia. Findings suggest both the impact of college communications and

Linnie S. Carter; Molly H. Duggan

2010-01-01

393

Community College Students: Perceptions and Paradoxes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores perceptions of community college students and their characteristics, focusing on issues of responsibility, perceptions of self and others, personal experiences, and academic preparedness relative to community college status. A brief survey was developed to measure these perceptions in both community college and 4-year\\/senior college education students within the same university system. Results indicate that community college students

Rosaria Caporrimo

2007-01-01

394

New England's State of College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In continuing its mission of connecting students to college success, the College Board is developing a multi-indicator system that provides educators with a comprehensive view of their students' college readiness. The information used to measure progress toward college readiness comes from the College Board's nationally administered assessments…

Menson, Roxanna P.; Patelis, Thanos; Doyle, Arthur

2009-01-01

395

Attention deficit disorder in college students: facts, fallacies, and treatment.  

PubMed

Attention deficit disorder (ADD), with or without hyperactivity, is a common but highly misunderstood and frequently underdiagnosed condition in college students. It affects students' academic and social success and emotional development. ADD is an invisible impairment of cortical regulation of activity and impulse control that is often hereditary, is as common in women as in men, and does not subside or disappear at puberty. ADD increases the risk of drug abuse, delinquency, incarceration, job failure, marital discord, and divorce. In college students, ADD is amenable to treatment in a multimodal program combining medication; individual, family, and group psychotherapy; career counseling; and cognitive control, together with electronic prostheses and special accommodations in the college classroom. PMID:7860870

Faigel, H C

1995-01-01

396

Medication reviews  

PubMed Central

Recent years have seen a formalization of medication review by pharmacists in all settings of care. This article describes the different types of medication review provided in primary care in the UK National Health Service (NHS), summarizes the evidence of effectiveness and considers how such reviews might develop in the future. Medication review is, at heart, a diagnostic intervention which aims to identify problems for action by the prescriber, the clinican conducting the review, the patient or all three but can also be regarded as an educational intervention to support patient knowledge and adherence. There is good evidence that medication review improves process outcomes of prescribing including reduced polypharmacy, use of more appropriate medicines formulation and more appropriate choice of medicine. When ‘harder’ outcome measures have been included, such as hospitalizations or mortality in elderly patients, available evidence indicates that whilst interventions could improve knowledge and adherence they did not reduce mortality or hospital admissions with one study showing an increase in hospital admissions. Robust health economic studies of medication reviews remain rare. However a review of cost-effectiveness analyses of medication reviews found no studies in which the cost of the intervention was greater than the benefit. The value of medication reviews is now generally accepted despite lack of robust research evidence consistently demonstrating cost or clinical effectiveness compared with traditional care. Medication reviews can be more effectively deployed in the future by targeting, multi-professional involvement and paying greater attention to medicines which could be safely stopped.

Blenkinsopp, Alison; Bond, Christine; Raynor, David K

2012-01-01

397

Cooperative Education: Entrepreneurial Development by Colleges and Universities. A Case Study of Berea College, Berea, Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The entrepreneurial development and experiential education environments of Berea College, Berea, Kentucky, are described. The college-owned enterprises of the Boone Tavern Hotel and dining room, college farms and poultry, college laundry, college store, student craft industries, and the college press are discussed in terms of markets and…

Kramer, Frank

398

College and University Home Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College and University Home Pages offers pointers to the home pages of over 2300 colleges and universities in 77 countries. Either alphabetical and geographic listings are available for browsing. It also includes a small list of what users believe to be good examples of school homepages, and a link to a final class project done at Columbia University's Teachers College which surveyed over 450 school home pages. http://www.mit.edu:8001/people/cdemello/univ.html

399

Race, revenues, and college basketball  

Microsoft Academic Search

Customer discrimination may result in racial differences in the marginal revenue products generated by workers. College basketball\\u000a data allow for direct comparisons of the racial differences in the marginal revenues generated by players. This article compares\\u000a the revenue generating potential of the top black and white college basketball players. A highly skilled white college player\\u000a generates over $100,000 in per

Robert W. Brown; R. Todd Jewell

1995-01-01

400

Accreditation of medical training in Australia and New Zealand.  

PubMed

The Australian Medical Council (AMC) accredits both Australian and New Zealand (NZ) medical courses and also college specialist training programmes. The common accreditation process allows mutual recognition of basic medical training and vocational training between Australia and New Zealand. The ultimate purpose of accreditation assure stakeholders including medical registration boards, health departments, students/trainees and the general community of the quality of the programs and the competence of those completing such training. AMC revised its own accreditation guidelines using the WFME standards as the model around which the new AMC standards were developed. The College Accreditation Process is similar to and builds on AMC experience in the medical school accreditation process. In conclusion, AMC accreditation has been successful in improving medical education in Australia and New Zealand and has been able to do so without the imposition of any exclusive educational model or philosophy. PMID:16315618

Simpson, I; Lockyer, T; Walters, T

2005-08-01

401

Health trends among college freshmen.  

PubMed

Trends in college student health based on an annual survey of college freshmen administered for 30 consecutive years (1966-1995) at colleges and universities nationwide are described. Trends in the following areas are covered: (1) alcohol and drugs, (2) physical health, (3) psychological health, and (4) sexual attitudes. Gender and institutional differences in health behaviors and attitudes among the 1995 class of college freshmen are also considered. Major trends include declines in beer drinking and in physical and emotional self-confidence and an increase in stress and cigarette smoking. "Unhealthy" behaviors and attitudes are reported most often by freshmen at public 2-year institutions. PMID:9164055

Sax, L J

1997-05-01

402

Opinion of Medical Students regarding Problem Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the process of problem-based learning (PBL) as perceived by the medical students and their opinions regarding the process. MethodS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Karachi Medical and Dental College. One hundred and four medical students of fourth year MBBS (52 each of batch 2004 and 2005) were selected for their responses and feedback on problem-based learning

Farida Habib; Lubna Baig; Farah Asad Mansuri

2006-01-01

403

Whole 'Nother World: Students Navigating Community College.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each year thousands of young people begin their college careers in community colleges. The lower cost, more convenient location, and flexible admissions standards of community colleges make them an attractive educational alternative for many students, esp...

A. Gardenhire-Crooks B. Ray H. Collado

2006-01-01

404

Who gets into medical school?  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Being of rural origin is one of the few predictors of whether medical students choose either family or rural practice as a career. This study investigates what proportion of applicants are of rural origin, what their grades are, and whether they are accepted. DESIGN Mailed survey using the postal codes of Ontario medical school applicants’ residences when they attended secondary school to link them to communities. Applicants of rural origin were defined as having attended secondary school while residing in communities with core populations of fewer than 10?000 people. SETTING Province of Ontario, its six medical schools, and its 1?500?000 rural citizens (13% of the total population). PARTICIPANTS All 4948 applicants to Ontario medical schools in 2002 and 2003 who had gone to high school in Ontario. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Proportion of rural applicants among all applicants in the given years. Mean grade point averages (GPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores attained by applicants of both urban and rural origin. Proportion of rural students among all students admitted to medical schools. RESULTS While 13% of the Ontario population is rural, only 7.3% of Ontario applicants to medical school were of rural origin (P medical school as frequently as applicants of urban origin (1:5.6 vs 1:4.7, P = .139 NS). CONCLUSION Although students of rural origin in Ontario apply to medical school less frequently than students of urban origin do, those that do apply have similar grades to those of urban applicants and are equally likely to be accepted.

Hutten-Czapski, Peter; Pitblado, Roger; Rourke, James

2005-01-01

405

Community College Finance Resource Development. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The references in this bibliography provide an overview of recent scholarship on community college finance and resource development. In addition to documents that present a national portrait and comparative analysis of community college funding models and resource management practices, this bibliography also includes recent publications that…

Carducci, Rozana

2006-01-01

406

College Math Assessment: SAT Scores vs. College Math Placement Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many colleges and university's use SAT math scores or math placement tests to place students in the appropriate math course. This study compares the use of math placement scores and SAT scores for 188 freshman students. The student's grades and faculty observations were analyzed to determine if the SAT scores and/or college math assessment scores…

Foley-Peres, Kathleen; Poirier, Dawn

2008-01-01

407

Seeking Legitimacy: The Community College Mission and the Honors College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The community college mission has been the subject of considerable review and commentary since its conception. Based on traditional concerns of access, a consensus has largely been reached regarding the inclusion of transfer, career, developmental, and community foci within a comprehensive community college. While concerns regarding access and…

Treat, Tod; Barnard, Thomas C.

2012-01-01

408

UCLA Community College Review: Community Education in the Community College  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article begins by reviewing the development of community education in two-year colleges. It focuses on the five major types of community education programs: adult education, continuing education, lifelong learning, community services, and especially community-based education. The article concludes by discussing the challenges community education programs face due to the conflicting missions of the community college, and it provides suggestions

Wei-ni Wang

2004-01-01

409

After Admission: From College Access to College Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enrollment at America's community colleges has exploded in recent years, with five times as many entering students today as in 1965. However, most community college students do not graduate; many earn no credits and may leave school with no more advantages in the labor market than if they had never attended. Experts disagree over the reason for…

Rosenbaum, James E.; Deil-Amen, Regina; Person, Ann E.

2009-01-01

410

Literacy in Community Colleges. Junior College Resource Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of Junior College Resource Reviews focuses on the community college's role in literacy development. After Roger Yarrington's overview of the topic, Robert McCabe and Susan Skidmore consider "The Literacy Crisis and American Education." In light of the changing nature of work and the severe decline in the communication skills of youth,…

Yarrington, Roger; And Others

411

Colleges of Choice: The Enabling Impact of the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection presents 11 essays which consider a new framework for organizing, understanding, and sanctioning the future community college. In part 1, the following articles argue for an expanded collegiate identity: "The Presence of Access and the Pursuit of Achievement," by Richard C. Richardson, Jr.; "Urban Community Colleges and a…

Eaton, Judith S., Ed.

412

Writing Instruction in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The references in this article provide an overview of recent scholarship on writing instruction in community colleges. Included in this bibliography are citations for both empirical studies of community college writing programs as well as "best practice" articles that describe innovative pedagogical strategies for improving student writing…

Carducci, Rozana

2006-01-01

413

Medical pleuroscopy.  

PubMed

There has been an exciting expansion in the practice of medical pleuroscopy in recent years. As technology has become more available and confidence in the use of equipment has grown, medical thoracoscopy has become a core diagnostic and therapeutic tool in pleural disease care. Despite this, many areas of medical pleuroscopy practice remain conspicuously devoid of well-established evidence. More knowledge is needed in those areas where there is currently a degree of equipoise. Many areas where pleuroscopy currently has a marginal role require high-quality randomized trials be undertaken with a view to informing future practice and guidelines. PMID:23993819

Bhatnagar, Rahul; Maskell, Nick A

2013-06-18

414

A Comparative Study of Perceived Stress among Female Medical and Non-Medical University Students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate any differences between female undergraduate medical and non-medical students for: 1) prevalence and causes of perceived academic stress, and 2) changes in physical, mental, psychological and emotional health as well as life-style since starting college studies. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at Dammam University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, in January 2008. All 319 pre-clinical female medical students were included in the study and 297 non-medical students from the College of Applied Studies and Community Services (CASCS) were selected by stratified random sampling. The study instrument was a questionnaire on the “Influence of Studying on Students’ Health”. Results More medical students (48.6%) reported being frequently stressed due to studies than CASCS students (38.7%, P <0.01). Unsuitable teaching methods, an unsatisfactory study environment, and fear of failure in examinations were more frequently mentioned by medical than non-medical students (P <0.05). While underlying social problems were significantly more common in medical students, economic problems were more prevalent among CASCS students (P <0.05, P <0.05). More medical than non-medical students reported a worse status of physical and mental health, anxiety and depression and negative life-style changes since initiation of the college programme. Conclusion Medical students were at higher risk of physical and mental health problems than non-medical students due to academic stress. Since a substantial proportion of CASCS students also experienced academic stress, we recommend that a student support committee be established for both colleges to provide counselling and guidance in healthy ways to cope with stress.

Al-Dabal, Badria K; Koura, Manal R; Rasheed, Parveen; Al-Sowielem, Latifa; Makki, Suhair M

2010-01-01

415

College and University Rankings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College and University Rankings, compiled by Nancy P. O'Brien, Head of the Education and Social Science Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, provides an annotated list of resources that rank higher education institutions. The list of ranking resources is conveniently divided into five sections: general/undergraduate, graduate, business, law, and international. However, this site is not merely a list of sites; it also includes an informative essay entitled Caution and Controversy, which questions and evaluates the methods and usefulness of ranking services, and provides users with electronic and print resources for the independent assessment of ranking services.

416

Bakersfield College: Astronomy Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nick Strobel, from Bakersfield College, created this website to provide educational materials for the introductory astronomy course he teaches. Users can find a seventeen chapter online textbook, equipped with fantastic astronomy images and numerous review questions. The site offers a description of angular momentum; a mathematics review; tables of astronomy constants, physical constants, planets, and stars; and a glossary. Students can benefit by reading the study guide, which addresses ways to improve study habits and exam scores. Be sure to read Mr. Strobel's Copyright Notice prior to utilizing the resources avaiable here.

417

College Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... about diet, physical activity, and other health habits. Eating disorders are serious medical problems and are more common ... with food. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder are all types of eating disorders. Eating disorders ...

418

Someone Else Can Use This Time More Than Me: Working with College Students with Impaired Siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses and illustrates with case examples the impact on the college experience for students who have impaired—medically or mentally ill, substance abusing, developmentally disabled—siblings. Although these students often show resilience and a well-developed sense of compassion, they may also struggle with developmental tasks of the college years. Compulsive altruism and conflicts about needing or receiving special attention influence

Roberta Caplan

2011-01-01

419

Development of a longitudinal injury prevention curriculum for undergraduate medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although injury is a major cause of death and disability, concepts of injury prevention have not been present in the curricula of most medical schools. There have been recent calls in the literature, including a 2005 report from the Association of American Medical Colleges, for the addition of injury prevention concepts into medical school education. This report describes the process

James Graham; Bruce W Newton; Dana Gaddy; Sara Tariq; Mary E Aitken

2010-01-01

420

Medical Students' Opinions on Economic Aspects of the Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses of 423 freshmen and 410 seniors at Jefferson Medical College to 15 questions on economic aspects of health care were compared. A majority of students considered major problems to be costs of medical care and medical education, malpractice claims, and patients' failure to assume responsibility for their health. (Author/SW)

Herman, Mary W.

1985-01-01

421

Personal Digital Assistants Herald New Approaches to Teaching and Evaluation in Medical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since its arrival in 1994, the personal digital assistant (PDA) has made significant inroads in the handheld in- dustry, with 50% of physicians anticipated as users by 2005 due to its functionality as a point-of-care medical informatics tool. However, its use in medical education is less well documented. Since 1998, PDAs have been used at Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW)

Chad J. Bertling; Deborah E. Simpson; Avery M. Hayes; Dario Torre; Diane L. Brown; David B. Schubot

422

A Computer-Based Epidemiological Skills Module for Medical Undergraduates in Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To ascertain whether undergraduate medical students could acquire the basic competence needed to design, analyze and use a computer-compatible database in an epidemiologically meaningful way. Setting: Since 1998 the Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS) of Kathmandu University (KU), Nepal has included in its undergraduate medical curriculum a training module that incorporates knowledge and skills in doing computer-assisted data

A. S. BOSE; P. T. JAYAWICKRAMARAJAH

2000-01-01

423

Comparative attitude and plans of the medical students and young Nepalese doctors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Many doctors are leaving Nepal to work abroad. To understand this problem better, we decided to study the attitude and plans of young doctors and medical students. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Kathmandu Medical College involving 65 ? rst- year medical students, 100 interns and 100 house ofcers. The data collected was entered in Microsoft

Lakhey M; Lakhey S; Jha D; Pant R

424

The effect of medical school on postgraduate fitness to practise decisions: a retrospective cohort study.  

PubMed

Given evidence of differences between UK medical schools' curricula and assessments, and their graduates' performance in Royal college examinations, this retrospective cohort study analyses the effect of medical school on the incidence of General Medical Council fitness to practise sanctions. PMID:24105312

Sanders, Alexander; A Taylor, Celia

2013-10-01

425

Medical Imaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four main types of medical imaging (x-ray, radionuclide, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance) and considers their relative merits. Describes important recent and possible future developments in image processing. (Author/MKR)

Barker, M. C. J.

1996-01-01

426

Medication Errors  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... The DMEPA also works closely with federal partners, patient safety organizations such as Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP), standard ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/medicationerrors

427

Cardiac Medications  

MedlinePLUS

... Prinivil, Zestril) Moexipril (Univasc) Perindopril (Aceon) Quinapril (Accupril) Ramipril (Altace) Trandolapril (Mavik) What the Medication Does Expands ... include: Acebutolol (Sectral) Atenolol (Tenormin) Betaxolol ... (Ziac) Bisoprolol (Zebeta) Carteolol (Cartrol) Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol ...

428

Medical nanobots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers working in medical nanorobotics are creating technologies that could lead to novel health-care applications, such as new ways of accessing areas of the human body that would otherwise be unreachable without invasive surgery.

Kirk L. Kroeker

2009-01-01

429

Clinical / Medical  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Clinical / Medical, Diabetes Mellitus: Developing Drugs and Therapeutic Biologics for Treatment and Prevention (PDF - 265KB), Draft Guidance, 03 ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/guidances

430

Medication Guide  

MedlinePLUS

... in people who have open-angle glaucoma. Side Effects In initial studies, between 5% and 15% of people who used this medication reported a gradual change in eye color, due to an increased amount of brown pigment ...

431

Medical Imaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses four main types of medical imaging (x-ray, radionuclide, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance) and considers their relative merits. Describes important recent and possible future developments in image processing. (Author/MKR)|

Barker, M. C. J.

1996-01-01

432

Medical Assistants  

MedlinePLUS

... Schedule patient appointments Prepare blood for laboratory tests Electronic health records (EHRs) are changing medical assistants' jobs. ... also learns how to code both paper and electronic health records and how to record patient information. ...

433

Medication Math  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Medication calculation needs to be completed accurately for proper patient treatment. In this section you will need to review and improve your medication math. Understanding math: Math and Culture Refresher: Take the amount of fluid in the bottle and times that by the dose ordered. Then divide this number by the amount of drug in the bottle. This will give you the volume of the drug that you need to administer. Diagram of formulas Math Formulas Math ...

Joey

2008-10-16

434

Medical marijuana.  

PubMed

The Florida Supreme Court heard oral arguments in April regarding a glaucoma patient's request for a medical exception to the State prohibition on use of marijuana. George Sowell was convicted on possession and cultivation charges, and a trial judge refused to allow a medical necessity defense. A State appeals court subsequently overturned Sowell's conviction. The case focuses on whether the legislature intended to prohibit such a defense when it declared in 1993 that the substance had no medicinal benefits. PMID:11366533

1999-04-30

435

The College Recruiters' Quick Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College Recruiters' Quick Guide provides an orientation to Recruitment responsibilities for new admissions professionals and those contemplating a career in college admissions. It is organized to give the reader a quick orientation and down-to-earth advice about what is involved in the admissions profession. This short publication defines the…

Holleman, Dewey

2005-01-01

436

Eating Disorders and College Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coping skills are a subject that college students face everyday. These coping skills may be healthy or unhealthy. Eating disorders may be classified as both a coping skill and a disease. The prevalence of eating disorders is disproportionate among men and women attending college, and there is a wide continuum that includes the commonly recognized disorders, such as anorexia and

Jamie A. Zioncheck

2000-01-01

437

College Basketball on the Line.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has convened a working group to address problems in recruiting, gambling, academic standards, and other corrupt practices in college basketball programs. Such problems are neither new nor unique to basketball, and changing college sports has proven to be difficult. Recommendations are anticipated…

Suggs, Welch

1999-01-01

438

Education Management among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews College students frequently have more complex problems today, including both the typical or expected college student problems difficulties in relationships and developmental issues as well as the more severe problems, such as depression, sexual assault and thoughts of suicide. That is the finding of a study involving 600 students seeking help in Henan Polytechnic University over a

Zhao Ning

2010-01-01

439

College Affordability and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College--whether with a vocational or liberal-arts bent--gives students an opportunity to test areas of interest, to follow their passions, or perhaps to find passions that they didn't know they had. The question for the nation is how to provide college "opportunity" more broadly. That means a system that makes it possible for students--rich or…

Shireman, Robert

2009-01-01

440

College Labor Shortages in 2018?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce has engaged in a highly publicized campaign claiming that the nation will face a very substantial deficit of college graduates by 2018 if the American postsecondary system fails to rapidly expand the number of college degrees it awards each year. Indeed, the employment projections developed by…

Harrington, Paul E.; Sum, Andrew M.

2010-01-01

441

Student Persistence in Community Colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study extends the research on student persistence in community colleges by investigating factors likely to influence a student's decision to drop out or stay in school. Specifically, this study examined demographic, financial, academic, academic integration, and psychosocial variables and their relationship to student persistence. A sample of 427 community college students completed a 63-item survey assessing psychosocial variables

Mikiko A. Nakajima; Myron H. Dembo; Ron Mossler

2012-01-01

442

Administration in Community College Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of issues facing administrators of community college libraries and learning resources centers focuses on four main areas: (1) organization of services; (2) maximizing library effectiveness; (3) administrative qualifications; and (4) standards for community college libraries. It begins by arguing that, since a library reflects the…

Hepfer, William

443

Factors Influencing College Science Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the authors report some of the salient findings of a large-scale, four-year national study, conducted at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, entitled "Factors Influencing College Science Success" (FICSS), which surveyed college students who enrolled in first-year biology, chemistry, and physics courses throughout the…

Tai, Robert H.; Sadler, Philip M.; Mintzes, Joel J.

2006-01-01

444

Struggling Communities Turn to Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In economically struggling communities, small private colleges are helping generate development projects in large part as a matter of survival. Unlike research universities and land-grant institutions, which have long viewed regional economic development as central to their missions, most liberal-arts colleges are relative newcomers to this work,…

Fischer, Karin

2008-01-01

445

Survey of American College Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 8-page booklet is a survey instrument that was sent to randomly selected college and university senior administrators nationwide by the Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention. The 29-item questionnaire is designed to learn more about alcohol and other drug prevention efforts taking place on college campuses.…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

446

College Students with Psychiatric Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on college students with psychiatric disabilities. It defines and discusses various psychiatric conditions such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and personality disorders. It concludes with accommodations that a college professor can make to help these students succeed in higher education. (Contains 1…

Singh, Delar K.

2011-01-01

447

Success Strategies for College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook for those involved in assisting and encouraging college students to persist and graduate covers the following topics: benefits of college; persistence factors; successful students; a mission that motivates; results in real time; self-management through self-mastery (time management, assertiveness, study skills, learning styles, and…

de Silva, Deema; Freund, Clara

448

The College Alcohol Problems Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A short, reliable two-factor instrument measuring drinking-related negative consequences was developed from a previous measure using two samples of college students. In Study I, data on alcohol use and problems associated with alcohol use were collected on 382 introductory psychology students. The original College Alcohol Problems Scale (CAPS) was tested and found to fit the data poorly. Sequential methods were

Jason E Maddock; Robert G Laforge; Joseph S Rossi; Thomas O'Hare

2001-01-01

449

Online Education in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter explores the tremendous growth in the use of the Internet to deliver distance education at community colleges. The author examines various definitions of online education, including the types of courses, programs, and degrees available and the types of community colleges that offer greater amounts of online programming.…

Cejda, Brent

2010-01-01

450

Banks: Colleges - A Joint Undertaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The banking industry has recognized an increasing need to recruit, hire, and train minorities for positions within the industry. Following this line of thought, the American Bankers Association (ABA) formed a task force composed of bankers and black college educators to develop a program mutually beneficial to industry as well as colleges. A Black…

Cordy, Thomas O.

451

Paraprofessionals in Washington Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of a survey of 23 community colleges in Washington State in regard to the use of potential use of paraprofessionals in the area of guidance and counseling are provided. Of these colleges, 6 were using paraprofessionals, 1 was planning to add two, 11 planned to add paraprofessionals "when their budget allowed," and 5 reported no plans for…

Anderson, Robert A., Jr.

452

Governance: A Community College Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to describe the development of the input/output governance model at Los Medanos College and to explore the governance issues pertinent to all community colleges. Considerations in creating the model included the issue of authority and responsibility in terms of legal sources, the authority and accountability…

Carhart, John I.; Collins, Charles C.

453

Assessing Students' Plans for College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a contemporary cognitive-psychoanalytic theory (control-mastery theory; J. Weiss, H. Sampson, & Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986), this study proposed that college students have plans for college that consist of conscious and unconscious goals and obstructions to be overcome in meeting those goals. The construct of unconscious guilt was used to mediate the dual goals of autonomy and

Robert Shilkret; Ellen E. Nigrosh

1997-01-01

454

Struggling Communities Turn to Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In economically struggling communities, small private colleges are helping generate development projects in large part as a matter of survival. Unlike research universities and land-grant institutions, which have long viewed regional economic development as central to their missions, most liberal-arts colleges are relative newcomers to this work,…

Fischer, Karin

2008-01-01

455

Eating Disorders among College Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past 10 years, eating disorders among adolescent females have become of increasing concern. To assess the prevalence of eating disorders, unusual eating-related behaviors and attitudes, and psychological states among college women, 677 women, from three private northeastern United States colleges, completed a questionnaire assessing…

Basow, Susan A.; Schneck, Renae

456

Conception of Soviet Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The USSR lacks qualified workers and midlevel specialists. A variant of community colleges in the United States is being organized in Kazan and Nizhnekamsk to prepare middle-level managers and qualified workers. The community college has been established as a basic educational institution for perestroika of the Soviet professional educational…

Makhmoutov, Mirza I.

457

College Students' Attitudes About Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews empirical studies on trends in attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and compares data from a 1985 survey of 297 students living in a college residence hall with data collected in 2001 when 152 students living in the same residence hall responded to a similar questionnaire. College students in 2001 expressed more accepting attitudes toward lesbians, reported

Bernie Sue Newman

2007-01-01

458

Personal Factors in College Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nature and purpose of US colleges is explored within the framework of student development and its relationship to social change. Data were gathered during a 5-year study on the educational, vocational and personality development of 10,000 graduating high school seniors. A strong relationship was found between college entrance, level of…

Trent, James W.

459

Researchers View Junior College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review covers five views of junior college students. Dorothy Knoell reminds the college of its growing community service function. It must be ready for several student clienteles with changing needs, interests, activities, and values; for the under-educated of all ages; and for those special populations not served by other schools, all…

Knoell, Dorothy M.; And Others

1969-01-01

460

Factors Influencing College Science Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors report some of the salient findings of a large-scale, four-year national study, conducted at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, entitled "Factors Influencing College Science Success" (FICSS), which surveyed college students who enrolled in first-year biology, chemistry, and physics courses throughout the…

Tai, Robert H.; Sadler, Philip M.; Mintzes, Joel J.

2006-01-01

461

Palomar College: A Technological Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers advice for colleges intending to undergo software conversions, asserting that sufficient resources are key to a smooth process. Describes the conversion process at Palomar College (California) in 1997, when Palomar purchased PeopleSoft enterprise-wide software in response to Y2K compliance issues. Stresses the ongoing need for training and…

Halttunen, Lynda Gavigan

2002-01-01

462

Guide to College Board Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists college board preparation programs available for Apple II microcomputers. Each entry includes title, source, subject area addressed, special features, and current cost. Programs help students prepare for the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), American College Testing Program (ACT), Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT), and the Graduate…

Ryan, Bob; Witham, Joan

1984-01-01

463

College Choice in the Philippines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive and correlational study examined the applicability of major U.S. college choice factors to Philippine high school seniors. A sample of 226 students from a private school in Manila completed the College Choice Survey for High School Seniors. Cronbach's alpha for the survey composite index was 0.933. The purposes of this…

Tan, Christine Joy

2009-01-01

464

Job Satisfaction Among College Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Job satisfaction for college graduates is examined in this report that focuses on subjective determinants. It is contended that many objective characteristics, such as education and earnings, have little impact on job satisfaction. Data are taken from the National Opinion Research Center longitudinal survey of college graduates from the class of…

Spaeth, Joe L.; Handler, Lynn P.

465

Successful Tribal College Student Internship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North Dakota Association of Tribal Colleges (NDATC) would like to host a student panel for the AGU community in order to convey the ingredients of a successful student internship program from the tribal student view. Tribal college students offer a unique perspective to the study and utilization of Earth systems science, and we would be prepared to help others

J. Nall

2003-01-01

466

The Functioning of Autonomous Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The college gets separated from the university, though not completely, when it is an autonomous college, which is practice in India. Academic package will become flexible and the decision-making is internalized, changes and updating could be easily carried out, depending on the need as reflected from the feedback taken from alumni, user sectors,…

Rao, V. Pala Prasada; Rao, Digumarti Bhaskara

2012-01-01

467

The Community and Junior College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine articles reviewing and summarizing the literature on topics pertinent to the community and junior college are included in this monograph. An overview of the background and present status of the community junior college, by Collins W. Burnett, serves as an introduction to the specialized topics that follow. "The History and Development of the…

Burnett, Collins W., Ed.

468

Reflections on Community College Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focused researchers have filled the important role of documenting the evolution of community colleges, which have changing missions and diverse programs, designed around their communities. This article reflects on key works of Council for the Study of Community College (CSCC) members in thematic areas of access, student success, faculty…

Floyd, Deborah L.; Antczak, Laura

2010-01-01

469

Handwashing among female college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Handwashing has been recognized as a critical factor in infection control policies. Whereas handwashing compliance among health care workers and school-aged students has been previously documented, practices among college students remain relatively unknown. The objective of this study was to determine handwashing compliance of female college students after using the bathroom. A researcher situated in a toilet stall unobtrusively observed

Danielle Drankiewicz; Lauren Dundes

2003-01-01

470

Shared Governance at Sierra College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of shared governance at Sierra College (SC) in California is chronicled in this report. The first sections of the report provide a chronology of team, board, and committee meetings and colloquia involved in the process of implementing shared governance at the college; present summaries of breakout group reports, evaluative…

Sumner, Jo; And Others

471

Community Colleges and Appropriate Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A roundtable on Appropriate Technology (AT) was sponsored by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC) and supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) as a result of a mandate from Congress to develop an AT program. The roundtable report first discusses the role of the NSF in including community colleges in the…

American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, Washington, DC.

472

A Web Based Virtual College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a tele-educational environment and reports on experiences obtained during international trials. The tele-educational environment is built around the metaphor of a college. The virtual college offers the opportunity for students to participate in desktop tele-education from their homes or offices. The environment is based on…

Boegh, Jorgen; Krebs, Allan M.; Petersen, Lars O.; Wagner, M.

473

Community College Leadership and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community colleges serve an important role in local communities across the United States. These institutions, based on their mission, seek to fulfill a social contract as partner in community development in the 21st century. Their function in local and the wider US community is undeniably important; more than half of the college students enrolled in the United States attend community,

Petra A Robinson; Tyra Metoyer; David Byrd; Dave A Louis; Bonner Fred A II

2012-01-01

474

College Students with Panic Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Panic disorder is widely recognized as a significant mental health concern that often surfaces during the traditional college years. This article reviews the diagnosis, consequences, and the psychological and pharmacological treatments of panic disorder and makes suggestions for college counselors and other student personnel professionals.

Linda M. Kennicott; Terry Kottman; Jeffrey S. Ashbyr

1998-01-01

475

Immigrant College Students' Academic Obstacles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Immigrant college student populations continue to grow on college campuses across the nation; yet, little is known about the experiences of immigrant students. This paper examines differences in perceived academic obstacles between immigrant students and non-immigrant students at six large, public research universities (n = 56,000). The…

Soria, Krista M.; Stebleton, Michael

2013-01-01

476

College Administration: Concepts and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten colleges participated in a project to: (1) help organize and strengthen administrative teams in developing two-year and four-year colleges throughout the Southeast; (2) to assist administrative teams in identifying specific roles for each team member and in developing an understanding of team responsibilities; and (3) to assist administrative…

Feltner, Bill D., Ed.

477

CETA and the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to illustrate the role community colleges can play as contractors supplying research and administrative expertise under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973 (CETA), this report examines the cooperative relationship between Cuyahoga Community College (CCC) and the Cleveland Area Western Reserve Manpower Consortium…

Mackie, Laurence G.; Eppley, George

478

Trends in College Pricing, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report, based on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges, provides updated information on tuition and other expenses associated with attending public and private nonprofit institutions of postsecondary education in the United States in the 2003-2004 academic year. The annual survey is distributed to more than 2,800 postsecondary…

Baum, Sandy; Payea, Kathleen

479

Community Colleges and Appropriate Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A roundtable on Appropriate Technology (AT) was sponsored by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC) and supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) as a result of a mandate from Congress to develop an AT program. The roundtable report first discusses the role of the NSF in including community colleges in the…

American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, Washington, DC.

480

Early decision and college performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between admission status and college performance. In particular, we analyze admissions data from Hamilton College and find that students who applied through the Early Decision Plan II program have significantly lower GPAs and are less likely to receive departmental honors, fellowships, and outside scholarships than those admitted through the regular decision process. However, the results

Elizabeth J. Jensen; Stephen Wu

2010-01-01

481

[Nicolet College and Technical Institute.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Wisconsin's pilot educational program to place equal emphasis on liberal arts college studies and vocational-technical training will begin with construction of Nicolet College and Technical Institute in Rhinelander, Wisconsin, in September of 1970. This school is planned to encourage the intermingling of liberal arts students with…

Schutte-Mochon, Inc., Chicago, IL.

482

Marketing Model for Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to survive projected enrollment decreases and to better serve nontraditional students, community colleges must develop marketing plans that make effective use of five community resources: local school system personnel, business and industry, civic and social service agencies, college personnel, and the local media. In approaching these…

Chahin, Jaime

483

Administration in Community College Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of issues facing administrators of community college libraries and learning resources centers focuses on four main areas: (1) organization of services; (2) maximizing library effectiveness; (3) administrative qualifications; and (4) standards for community college libraries. It begins by arguing that, since a library reflects the goals…

Hepfer, William

484

Tough Questions Facing Women's Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since their creation in the latter part of the nineteenth century, women's colleges in America have undergone many significant changes. In 1960, over 230 women's colleges were in operation; over the next forty years more than 75 percent chose to admit men or shut their doors entirely (Miller-Bernal, 2006a). This chapter will shed light on the…

Kratzok, Sara

2010-01-01

485

ADHD Coaching and College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current case study was designed to further the utility of Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) coaching for college students. Seven college or graduate students underwent eight weeks of an ADHD coaching intervention, and resulting qualitative data was analyzed by the researcher. Results showed that all participants who completed the coaching process felt ADHD coaching was just as or more beneficial than

Abigail Leigh Reaser

2007-01-01

486

Hot Issues at Community Colleges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The issues listed on this website are a reflection of AACC's strategic action areas. Their intent is to provide users with a cross-section of important issues surrounding community colleges. These issues will change as the scope and intensity of these issues change. Browse through the list of "hot issues" affecting community colleges today.

2010-06-09

487

College Football Games and Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a great deal of anecdotal evidence that college football games can lead to aggressive and destructive behavior by fans. However, to date, no empirical study has attempted to document the magnitude of this phenomenon. We match daily data on offenses from the NIBRS to 26 Division I-A college football programs in order to estimate the…

Rees, Daniel I.; Schnepel, Kevin T.

2008-01-01

488

College students with attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more students with attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder attend college, studies are emerging that reveal problems in\\u000a psychosocial and academic functioning. Substance use may magnify deficits in self-regulation. Recommendations are made for\\u000a comprehensive assessment; however, the usual diagnostic categories may not be developmentally relevant. Students who are identified\\u000a benefit from medication and nonmedication interventions, strategy support, and accommodations.

Lorraine E. Wolf; Philip Simkowitz; Heather Carlson

2009-01-01

489

Medical Device Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device ... Learn more about medical device recalls here . - Recent Medical Device Recalls Listed by date posted on FDA website. ...

490

Preserving confidentiality in occupational medical practice.  

PubMed

The United States does not have a uniform law regarding medical confidentiality. However, codes of conduct from the American Medical Association, the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine and the International Commission of Occupational Health, as well as relevant parts of the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, can help physicians make informed decisions about requests for medical information. Such activities include preplacement and fitness-for-work evaluations medical surveillance examinations (including drug testing) and evaluation of symptoms and treatment of injuries that may be work-related. The patient should be the one to decide whether and when to release medical records to employers, unless overruled by public health risks or laws. PMID:8623699

McCunney, R J

1996-04-01

491

Long-Range Predictive and Differential Validities of the Scholastic Aptitude Test in Medical School  

Microsoft Academic Search

With regard to the recent controversy about the predictive validity of the College Board Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), the present study was designed to investigate the long-range predictive and differential validities of this measure. Data for 1284 students who entered the Jefferson Medical College from 1965 through 1974 were analyzed by dividing them into four quarter groups from high to

Carter Zeleznik; Mohammadreza Hojat; Jon Veloski

1983-01-01

492

Understanding the Use of Educational Technology among Faculty, Staff, and Students at a Medical University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A college of health professions at a medical university located in the southeastern United States is striving to increase the use of educational technology among faculty, staff, and students. A strategic planning group was formed and charged with enhancing the use of educational technology within the college. In order to understand the current…

Kazley, Abby Swanson; Annan, Dustin L.; Carson, Nancy E.; Freeland, Melissa; Hodge, Ashley B.; Seif, Gretchen A.; Zoller, James S.

2013-01-01

493

Understanding the Use of Educational Technology among Faculty, Staff, and Students at a Medical University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A college of health professions at a medical university located in the southeastern United States is striving to increase the use of educational technology among faculty, staff, and students. A strategic planning group was formed and charged with enhancing the use of educational technology within the college. In order to understand the current…

Kazley, Abby Swanson; Annan, Dustin L.; Carson, Nancy E.; Freeland, Melissa; Hodge, Ashley B.; Seif, Gretchen A.; Zoller, James S.

2013-01-01

494

Global Health in the Classroom: Lane Community College Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Numbers Count workshop presentation will focus on global health issues surrounding cancer and emphasize the use of medical data, visualization, and modeling. Lane Community College will host faculty who are interested in introducing more opportunities for quantitative reasoning in biology through contemporary problem solving. This workshop is funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Participants will meet in Building 16 in Rooms 117 and 115. We will work in small groups on our own laptops/or computers in the Room 117 to: * explore GapMinder (global data visualization) in graph and mapping modes * learn to use ImageJ (freely available image analysis software from NIH) to record data (areas and diameters) from medical images, and * access our Cyberlearning in Community Colleges user group at http://c3cyberlearning.ning.com/ and learn more about social networking and productivity tools. * download resources including powerpoints, handouts, data and images for use in their own classrooms. In the age of Big Data, students must grapple with mathematical models, tools, and quantitative reasoning as they prepare for the workplace. As science and technology advance, the rapid acquisition of data frames an evolving intersection between mathematics and science. The use of data in our courses must be accompanied by opportunities to develop quantitative reasoning, visualization of data, and familiarity with mathematical models. We will also explore cyberlearning in community colleges as part of the C3 Cyberlearning Project. Please see the schedule for more information.

Claudia Neuhauser (University of Minnesota-Rochester;Health Sciences)

2010-04-02

495

Experience with common bile duct exploration at Lumbini Medical College.  

PubMed

Common bile duct stones represent a significant danger to patients, because they can lead to biliary colic, obstructive jaundice, cholangitis, or pancreatitis. Common bile duct stones either migrate from the gallbladder or form primarily within the bile ducts themselves. Primary stones are more common in South Asia and are usually sequelae of biliary infection and stasis. In the United States and other Western countries, common bile duct stones are predominantly secondary stones, having formed in the gallbladder. In patients who have gallstones, and in whom a cholecystectomy is considered, common bile duct stones can be found preoperatively, intraoperatively, or postoperatively. Ten percent to 15% of patients undergoing a cholecystectomy will be found to have choledocholithiasis at some point during their treatment. We present our case of 16 patients of common bile duct stones with or without cholelithiasis from April 2011 to March 2012. To review the treatment and outcome of patients with common bile duct (CBD) stones who underwent cholecystecomy with open common bile exploration (CBDE). We analysed the fact that cholecystectomy with commonbile duct exploration still holds as a good modality of treatment where ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde cholangio pancreaticogram) is not available. All 16 persons in age group of 20-65 years, all females with body weight in the range of 45-60 kgs undergoing inpatient common bile duct exploration during April 2011- March 2012 were included. Common bile duct exploration was successful in all patients. Mean operating time was 120 +/- 40 minutes and length of hospital stay was 13 +/- 3days. 3 complications (18.75%) were recorded, 2 cases of retained stone (12.5%) who underwent choledochoduodenostomy. In 16 patients undergoing common bile duct exploration, CBD stones were discovered with flexible choledochoscope and intraoperative cholangiography. None of the Gallbladder specimen revealed any feature of malignancy in final histopatholgical report. All patients are doing fine till date. Open common bile duct exploration can still be a gold standard technique in set up where ERCP is not available. The results of common bile duct exploration are good with less complications in experienced hands. PMID:23671956

Pokharel, N; Sapkota, P; Kc, B; Rimal, S

2012-06-01

496

Development of Meharry Medical College Prostate Cancer Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is substantial urology oncology epidemiology nutrition and other expertise at Meharry and Vanderbilt addressing issues related to prostate cancer (PCa) disparity among African-American (AA) men and the six program new/junior minority investigators h...

F. A. Ukoli

2008-01-01

497

Medication (for Vestibular Disorders)  

MedlinePLUS

... Exercise Medication Surgical Procedures Types of Vestibular Disorders Medication Can Medication Help Me Feel Better? The use of medication in treating vestibular disorders depends on whether the ...

498

Teaching Early College High School at LaGuardia Community College. Early College High School Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, along with Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Ford Foundation, and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, is funding the Early College High School Initiative. The 13 partner organizations are creating or redesigning more than 250 pioneering small high schools. Jobs for the Future coordinates the Early College High…

Glick, Marcia

2006-01-01

499

Introducing medical humanities in the medical curriculum in Saudi Arabia: A pedagogical experiment.  

PubMed

In a marked shift from the modern positivist materialist philosophy that influenced medical education for more than a century, Western medical educators are now beginning to realize the significance of the spiritual element of human nature. Consensus is currently building up in Europe and North America on the need to give more emphasis to the study of humanities disciplines such as history of medicine, ethics, religion, philosophy, medically related poetry, literature, arts and medical sociology in medical colleges with the aim of allowing graduates to reach to the heart of human learning about meaning of life and death and to become kinder, more reflective practitioners. The medicine taught and practiced during the Islamic civilization era was a vivid example of the unity of the two components of medical knowledge: natural sciences and humanities. It was also a brilliant illustration of medical ethics driven by a divine moral code. This historical fact formed the foundation for the three medical humanities courses presented in this article reporting a pedagogical experiment in preparation for starting a humanities program in Alfaisal University Medical College in Riyadh. In a series of lectures alternating with interactive sessions, active learning strategies were employed in teaching a course on history of medicine during the Islamic era and another on Islamic medical ethics. Furthermore, a third course on medically relevant Arabic poetry was designed and prepared in a similar way. The end-of-the-course feedback comments reflected effectiveness of the courses and highlighted the importance of employing student-centered learning techniques in order to motivate medical students to become critical thinkers, problem solvers, life-long learners and self-learners. PMID:22629000

Abdel-Halim, Rabie E; Alkattan, Khaled M

2012-05-01

500

Medical Biofilms  

PubMed Central

For more than two decades, Biotechnology and Bioengineering has documented research focused on natural and engineered microbial biofilms within aquatic and subterranean ecosystems, wastewater and waste-gas treatment systems, marine vessels and structures, and industrial bioprocesses. Compared to suspended culture systems, intentionally engineered biofilms are heterogeneous reaction systems that can increase reactor productivity, system stability, and provide inherent cell: product separation. Unwanted biofilms can create enormous increases in fluid frictional resistances, unacceptable reductions in heat transfer efficiency, product contamination, enhanced material deterioration, and accelerated corrosion. Missing from B&B has been an equivalent research dialogue regarding the basic molecular microbiology, immunology, and biotechnological aspects of medical biofilms. Presented here are the current problems related to medical biofilms; current concepts of biofilm formation, persistence, and interactions with the host immune system; and emerging technologies for controlling medical biofilms.

2009-01-01