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Sample records for wiki home page

  1. Add Java extensions to your wiki: Java applets can bring dynamic functionality to your wiki pages

    SciTech Connect

    Scarberry, Randall E.

    2008-08-12

    Virtually everyone familiar with today’s world wide web has encountered the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia many times. What you may not know is that Wikipedia is driven by an excellent open-source product called MediaWiki which is available to anyone for free. This has led to a proliferation of wiki sites devoted to just about any topic one can imagine. Users of a wiki can add content -- all that is required of them is that they type in their additions into their web browsers using the simple markup language called wikitext. Even better, the developers of wikitext made it extensible. With a little server-side development of your own, you can add your own custom syntax. Users aware of your extensions can then utilize them on their wiki pages with a few simple keystrokes. These extensions can be custom decorations, formatting, web applications, and even instances of the venerable old Java applet. One example of a Java applet extension is the Jmol extension (REF), used to embed a 3-D molecular viewer. This article will walk you through the deployment of a fairly elaborate applet via a MediaWiki extension. By no means exhaustive -- an entire book would be required for that -- it will demonstrate how to give the applet resize handles using using a little Javascript and CSS coding and some popular Javascript libraries. It even describes how a user may customize the extension somewhat using a wiki template. Finally, it explains a rudimentary persistence mechanism which allows applets to save data directly to the wiki pages on which they reside.

  2. Planetary Photojournal Home Page Graphic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    This image is an unannotated version of the Planetary Photojournal Home Page graphic. This digital collage contains a highly stylized rendition of our solar system and points beyond. As this graphic was intended to be used as a navigation aid in searching for data within the Photojournal, certain artistic embellishments have been added (color, location, etc.). Several data sets from various planetary and astronomy missions were combined to create this image.

  3. Photojournal Home Page Graphic 2007

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    This image is an unannotated version of the Photojournal Home Page graphic released in October 2007. This digital collage contains a highly stylized rendition of our solar system and points beyond. As this graphic was intended to be used as a navigation aid in searching for data within the Photojournal, certain artistic embellishments have been added (color, location, etc.). Several data sets from various planetary and astronomy missions were combined to create this image.

  4. Toward a User-Centered Academic Library Home Page

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHale, Nina

    2008-01-01

    In the past decade, academic libraries have struggled with the design of an effective library home page. Since librarians' mental models of information architecture differ from those of their patrons, usability assessments are necessary in designing a user-centered home page. This study details a usability sequence of card sort and paper and…

  5. Toward a User-Centered Academic Library Home Page

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHale, Nina

    2008-01-01

    In the past decade, academic libraries have struggled with the design of an effective library home page. Since librarians' mental models of information architecture differ from those of their patrons, usability assessments are necessary in designing a user-centered home page. This study details a usability sequence of card sort and paper and

  6. The Library as Information Provider: The Home Page.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clyde, Laurel A.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses ways in which libraries are using the World Wide Web to provide information via a home page, based on information from a survey in Iceland as well as a larger study that conducted content analyses of home pages of public and school libraries in 13 countries. (Author/LRW)

  7. Home Page: The Mode of Transport through the Information Superhighway

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lujan, Michelle R.

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of the project with the Aeroacoustics Branch was to create and submit a home page for the internet about branch information. In order to do this, one must also become familiar with the way that the internet operates. Learning HyperText Markup Language (HTML), and the ability to create a document using this language was the final objective in order to place a home page on the internet (World Wide Web). A manual of instructions regarding maintenance of the home page, and how to keep it up to date was also necessary in order to provide branch members with the opportunity to make any pertinent changes.

  8. Accounting Programs' Home Pages: What's Happening.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peek, Lucia E.; Roxas, Maria L.

    2002-01-01

    Content analysis of 62 accounting programs' websites indicated the following: 53% include mission statements; 62.9% list accreditation; many faculty biographies and personal pages used inconsistent formats; provision of information on financial aid, student organizations, career services, and certified public accountant requirements varied. Many

  9. Description Meta Tags in Public Home and Linked Pages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, Timothy C.

    2001-01-01

    Random samples of 1,872 Web pages registered with Yahoo! And 1,638 pages reachable from Yahoo!-registered pages were analyzed for use of meta tags and specifically those containing descriptions. Results: 727 (38.8%) of the Yahoo!-registered pages and 442 (27%) of the other pages included descriptions in meta tages. Some descriptions greatly

  10. The Wiki as a Virtual Space for Qualitative Data Collection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castanos, Carolina; Piercy, Fred P.

    2010-01-01

    The authors make a case for using wiki technology in qualitative research. A wiki is an online database that allows users to create, edit, and/or reflect on the content of a web page. Thus, wiki technology can support qualitative research that attempts to understand the shared thinking of participants. To illustrate the use of the wiki for this

  11. "I DON'T CARE DO UR OWN PAGE!!" A Case Study of Using Wikis for Collaborative Work in a UK Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Lyndsay

    2009-01-01

    Alongside other forms of social software, wikis have been heralded as supporting more collaborative and democratic teaching and learning practices. This paper explores, through a case study approach, the use of wikis to support a collaborative research project undertaken in a UK secondary school. Findings are analysed in the context of research on

  12. The "Virtual Face" of Institutions: What Do Home Pages Reveal about Higher Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Katrina A.

    2008-01-01

    This research investigated the use of home pages by 40 higher education institutions, of which ten each were Doctoral/Research, Master's, Baccalaureate, and Community Colleges. The institutions were also grouped by region and were drawn from 40 different states. Using an instrument based on criteria for evaluating web sites (Gurak 2001), the

  13. Semantische Wikis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaffert, Sebastian; Bry, François; Baumeister, Joachim; Kiesel, Malte

    Das Thema Semantic Wikis" als Verknüpfung von Wiki- Konzepten mit semantischen Technologien gewinnt in den letzten Jahren zunehmend an Bedeutung, weil es soziale Intelligenz" und künstliche Intelligenz" miteinander verknüpft. Ziel des Artikels ist es, einen Überblick über das Thema Semantic Wikis zu schaffen. Wir gehen dabei insbesondere auch auf Anwendungsfelder ein und geben einen kurzen Vergleich ausgewählter Systeme.

  14. Area under Constructivism: A Pilot Study Using a World Wide Web Home Page To Assess Professional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slough, Scott W.; McGrew-Zoubi, Robin

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of World Wide Web Home Page construction as a way for teachers to demonstrate their professional development as they construct new professional knowledge and networks. The focus of this pilot study was to begin looking at the connections to learning that a Home Page can demonstrate without…

  15. NASA Langley Teacher Resource Center (TRC): Brochure and Home Page Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cogbill, Monet Leigh

    1995-01-01

    The NASA Langley Research Center's Educational Programs Officer, Marchelle D. Canright, gave me two main assignments to be completed by the end of the ten-week LARSS Program. These assignments were to redesign the NASA Langley Teacher Research Center (TRC) brochure and create new home page templates for the TRC and Office of Education. I worked with NASA Education Specialist, Jane George and the TRC director Nick Koltun for instruction in copmleting these assignments. The main objective of my assigned projects was to create designs that reflected NASA's educational goals, related to the TRC, and the Office of Education's desire for high aesthetics in their multimedia materials. The Office of Education did not just want their current TRC brochure and home page to be reworked, but; they wanted these items to be strong visual representations of the TRC's purpose.

  16. A Usability Survey at the University of Mississippi Libraries for the Improvement of the Library Home Page

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephan, Elizabeth; Cheng, Daisy T.; Young, Lauren M.

    2006-01-01

    A usability survey was conducted at the University of Mississippi Libraries as part of the ongoing assessment of the library and its services. By setting criteria to measure the success of the survey, librarians at UM were able to assess if the library home page successfully met the goals and mission statement of the library.

  17. Making Group Assessment Transparent: What Wikis Can Contribute to Collaborative Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caple, Helen; Bogle, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the use of new media technologies, in particular wikis, for the compiling and grading of group assessment tasks. Wikis are open web pages that can be viewed and modified by anyone with internet access and are well known for their collaborative nature. Wikis are also transparent, which means that any edit/modification is

  18. Making Group Assessment Transparent: What Wikis Can Contribute to Collaborative Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caple, Helen; Bogle, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the use of new media technologies, in particular wikis, for the compiling and grading of group assessment tasks. Wikis are open web pages that can be viewed and modified by anyone with internet access and are well known for their collaborative nature. Wikis are also transparent, which means that any edit/modification is…

  19. It's Time to Use a Wiki as Part of Your Web Site

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribaric, Tim

    2007-01-01

    Without a doubt, the term "wiki" has leaked into almost every discussion concerning Web 2.0. The real question becomes: Is there a place for a wiki on every library Web site? The answer should be an emphatic "yes." People often praise the wiki because it offers simple page creation and provides instant gratification for amateur Web developers.

  20. It's Time to Use a Wiki as Part of Your Web Site

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribaric, Tim

    2007-01-01

    Without a doubt, the term "wiki" has leaked into almost every discussion concerning Web 2.0. The real question becomes: Is there a place for a wiki on every library Web site? The answer should be an emphatic "yes." People often praise the wiki because it offers simple page creation and provides instant gratification for amateur Web developers.…

  1. The IRAF-Wiki: A Community Documentation Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gay, P. L.

    2005-12-01

    It took a community to create IRAF and its many contributed and external packages. Now the community is invited to participate in a documentation project: the IRAF-Wiki. Wiki's are an online interface to editable knowledge bases. Examples include Wikipedia, Wiktionary, and Wikispeecies. The IRAF-Wiki is based on the free Meta-Wiki software and allows users to search entries, edit and update entries, and create entries. All changes can be undone, and the software keeps a detailed archive of all changes. The goal is to create an up-to-date documentation resource for all IRAF users. The IRAF-wiki is intended as a community home for sharing tricks, tips, and information on the use of IRAF in astronomical applications. Current entries detail getting started, basic photometry using DAOphot, scripting, and more. You are invited to contribute your favorite scripts, tricks, and methodology. The IRAF-wiki can be found at http://www.iraf-wiki.org.

  2. Blogs and Wikis: Environments for On-Line Collaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin-Jones, Bob

    2003-01-01

    Discusses two recent innovations made available via the Internet that are useful to language educators: blogs and wikis. Blogs are on-line journals that offer opportunities for collaborative use. They are easily linked and cross-linked, thus creating larger on-line communities. Wikis feature a loosely structured set of pages, linked in multiple…

  3. Web Page Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay, Lorin

    Designing a web home page involves many decisions that affect how the page will look, the kind of technology required to use the page, the links the page will provide, and kinds of patrons who can use the page. The theme of information literacy needs to be built into every web page; users need to be taught the skills of sorting and applying…

  4. Feedback from users of energy efficiency information on the Internet: Analysis of the US CADDET home page

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.A.; Voss, M.K.

    1996-03-01

    This paper describes the US experience to date with providing energy efficiency information from the Center for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies (CADDET) on the Internet. The paper begins by describing the way that information is displayed in the US CADDET home page system. Statistics are then provided on numbers and types of users of the home page. Next we describe the frequency with which different types of CADDET information have been accessed and summarize the feedback provided by users. Drawing on this experience with the US CADDET home page system, the authors conclude that energy efficiency information systems on the World Wide Web can contribute significantly to the goals of CADDET and other information outreach programs. However, to reach a wider range of audiences, Internet systems need to be supplemented by other dissemination efforts aimed at reaching individuals in countries and organizations that are not currently using Internet services. In addition, more personal and customized information sources are needed to provide users with the types of assistance guidance that may be required to translate knowledge of a technology`s technical financial performance, into a decision to adopt the technology.

  5. Make Way for Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oatman, Eric

    2005-01-01

    "Wiki", the Hawaiian word for quick, can refer to either a Web site or the software that runs it. Ward Cunningham, a Portland, OR, programmer, invented and named the wiki in 1995. He wanted to help a virtual community of programmers communicate efficiently. Teachers and librarians nationwide have begun to explore the role of wikis in classroom

  6. Make Way for Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oatman, Eric

    2005-01-01

    "Wiki", the Hawaiian word for quick, can refer to either a Web site or the software that runs it. Ward Cunningham, a Portland, OR, programmer, invented and named the wiki in 1995. He wanted to help a virtual community of programmers communicate efficiently. Teachers and librarians nationwide have begun to explore the role of wikis in classroom…

  7. The SEQanswers wiki: a wiki database of tools for high-throughput sequencing analysis.

    PubMed

    Li, Jing-Woei; Robison, Keith; Martin, Marcel; Sjödin, Andreas; Usadel, Björn; Young, Matthew; Olivares, Eric C; Bolser, Dan M

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in sequencing technology have created unprecedented opportunities for biological research. However, the increasing throughput of these technologies has created many challenges for data management and analysis. As the demand for sophisticated analyses increases, the development time of software and algorithms is outpacing the speed of traditional publication. As technologies continue to be developed, methods change rapidly, making publications less relevant for users. The SEQanswers wiki (SEQwiki) is a wiki database that is actively edited and updated by the members of the SEQanswers community (http://SEQanswers.com/). The wiki provides an extensive catalogue of tools, technologies and tutorials for high-throughput sequencing (HTS), including information about HTS service providers. It has been implemented in MediaWiki with the Semantic MediaWiki and Semantic Forms extensions to collect structured data, providing powerful navigation and reporting features. Within 2 years, the community has created pages for over 500 tools, with approximately 400 literature references and 600 web links. This collaborative effort has made SEQwiki the most comprehensive database of HTS tools anywhere on the web. The wiki includes task-focused mini-reviews of commonly used tools, and a growing collection of more than 100 HTS service providers. SEQwiki is available at: http://wiki.SEQanswers.com/. PMID:22086956

  8. Using Wikis in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kai-Wah Chu, Samuel

    2009-01-01

    This is an exploratory study investigating the use of wikis in academic libraries. Reasons for using and not using wikis, level of control exerted on wikis users and perceived benefits and costs of using wikis are the major areas examined. Sixty universities were selected to complete either survey 1 or survey 2, depending on their usage of wikis

  9. Making a "Web" for Students: From the Classroom to Their Homes and to the Instructor's Home Page.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Will

    Community college students are often described as less motivated, or "turned-off," compared to other college students. This stereotype has prevented many writing instructors from trying new ways of reaching these students at a Midwest community college, the majority of whom have access to the Internet either at home or in the local library. Using…

  10. Representin' in cyberspace: sexual scripts, self-definition, and hip hop culture in Black American adolescent girls' home pages.

    PubMed

    Stokes, Carla E

    2007-01-01

    Despite the importance of media in the lives of girls, sexuality researchers have largely overlooked how Black American adolescent girls engage with media to construct sexual self-definitions and explore their emerging sexuality. This study investigated sexual scripts, self-definition, and hip hop culture in internet home pages constructed by Black girls aged 14-17 years residing in southern states in the USA. Although some girls in the sample constructed sexual self-representations that mirrored sexual scripts portrayed in the media, hip hop, and youth cyberculture, others resisted stereotypical representations of Black female sexuality. This paper discusses the dominant sexual scripts that emerged from in-depth analysis of 27 home pages constructed by girls residing in Georgia. The focus is on 'Freaks', 'Virgins', 'Down-Ass Chicks/Bitches', 'Pimpettes', and Resisters. Findings suggest that a one-size-fits-all approach to sexuality education may fail to address key contextual issues of relevance to girls and young women. Innovative sexuality and media education strategies that respond to the significance of media in the lives of Black American girls and young women are needed. PMID:17364724

  11. Wikis and Collaborative Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Annette; Johnson, Larry

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are simply Web sites that provide easy-to-use tools for creating, editing, and sharing digital documents, images, and media files. Multiple participants can enter, submit, manage, and update a single Web workspace creating a community of authors and editors. Wiki projects help young people shift from being "consumers" of the Internet to

  12. Collaborative Learning in Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Yun-Ke; Morales-Arroyo, Miguel Angel; Than, Hla; Tun, Zarchi; Wang, Zhujun

    2011-01-01

    Wikis are a supporting tool for pupils' learning and collaboration. Tasks such as cooperative authoring, joined workbooks creation, document review, group assignments, reflection notes and others have been tried out using wikis as a facilitating tool [1]. However, few studies have reported how students actually perceive some well-claimed benefits.

  13. Wikis and Collaborative Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Annette; Johnson, Larry

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are simply Web sites that provide easy-to-use tools for creating, editing, and sharing digital documents, images, and media files. Multiple participants can enter, submit, manage, and update a single Web workspace creating a community of authors and editors. Wiki projects help young people shift from being "consumers" of the Internet to…

  14. Portrayal of sustainability principles in the mission statements and on home pages of the world's largest organizations.

    PubMed

    Garnett, Stephen T; Lawes, Michael J; James, Robyn; Bigland, Kristen; Zander, Kerstin K

    2016-04-01

    Conservation can be achieved only if sustainability is embraced as core to organizational cultures. To test the extent to which the related concepts of sustainability, conservation, response to climate change, poverty alleviation, and gender equity have been incorporated into organizational culture, we compared mission statements published from 1990 to 2000 with those published in 2014 for 150 organzations, including conservation nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), aid NGOs, government development agencies, resource extraction companies, and retailers (30 in each category). We also analyzed the 2014 home web pages of each organization. Relative to the earlier period, the frequency with which mission statements mentioned poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and a range of sustainable practices increased only slightly by 2014, particularly among resource extractors and retail companies. Few organizations in any sector had embedded either climate change or gender equity into their mission statements. In addition, the proportional intensity with which any of the aspirations were expressed did not change between periods. For current home pages, conservation NGOs, resource extractors, and government agencies were significantly more likely to acknowledge the importance of matters that were not part of their core business, but few aid agencies or retail companies promoted goals beyond alleviation of crises and profit maximization, respectively. Overall, there has been some progress in recognizing poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable practices, but gender equity and a determination to reduce impacts on climate change are still rarely promoted as central institutional concerns. Sustainability in general, and biodiversity conservation in particular, will not be achieved unless their importance is more widely apparent in core communication products of organizations. PMID:26306732

  15. Exploring Wiki-Mediated Collaborative Writing: A Case Study in an Elementary Spanish Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Lina

    2010-01-01

    Wikis, as one of the Web 2.0 social networking tools, have been increasingly integrated into second language (L2) instruction to promote collaborative writing. This paper reports on a case study involving 35 university students at the beginning level who contributed to wiki pages over a period of 14 weeks. The affordances and constraints of using…

  16. Medical Wikis Dedicated to Clinical Practice: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Llorca, Guy; Letrilliart, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Background Wikis may give clinician communities the opportunity to build knowledge relevant to their practice. The only previous study reviewing a set of health-related wikis, without specification of purpose or audience, globally showed a poor reliability. Objective Our aim was to review medical wiki websites dedicated to clinical practices. Methods We used Google in ten languages, PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, and Web of Science to identify websites. The review included wiki sites, accessible and operating, having a topic relevant for clinical medicine, targeting physicians or medical students. Wikis were described according to their purposes, platform, management, information framework, contributions, content, and activity. Purposes were classified as “encyclopedic” or “non-encyclopedic”. The information framework quality was assessed based on the Health On the Net (HONcode) principles for collaborative websites, with additional criteria related to users’ transparency and editorial policy. From a sample of five articles per wikis, we assessed the readability using the Flesch test and compared articles according to the wikis’ main purpose. Annual editorial activities were estimated using the Google engine. Results Among 25 wikis included, 11 aimed at building an encyclopedia, five a textbook, three lessons, two oncology protocols, one a single article, and three at reporting clinical cases. Sixteen wikis were specialized with specific themes or disciplines. Fifteen wikis were using MediaWiki software as-is, three were hosted by online wiki farms, and seven were purpose-built. Except for one MediaWiki-based site, only purpose-built platforms managed detailed user disclosures. The owners were ten organizations, six individuals, four private companies, two universities, two scientific societies, and one unknown. Among 21 open communities, 10 required users’ credentials to give editing rights. The median information framework quality score was 6 out of 16 (range 0-15). Beyond this score, only one wiki had standardized peer-reviews. Physicians contributed to 22 wikis, medical learners to nine, and lay persons to four. Among 116 sampled articles, those from encyclopedic wikis had more videos, pictures, and external resources, whereas others had more posology details and better readability. The median creation year was 2007 (1997-2011), the median number of content pages was 620.5 (3-98,039), the median of revisions per article was 17.7 (3.6-180.5) and 0.015 of talk pages per article (0-0.42). Five wikis were particularly active, whereas six were declining. Two wikis have been discontinued after the completion of the study. Conclusions The 25 medical wikis we studied present various limitations in their format, management, and collaborative features. Professional medical wikis may be improved by using clinical cases, developing more detailed transparency and editorial policies, and involving postgraduate and continuing medical education learners. PMID:25700482

  17. From Wiki Woes to Wiki Wows. Tips

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Lynn

    2007-01-01

    Library media specialists hear about Web 2.0 in numerous professional journals and during conference workshops. They know that using this aspect of the Internet is second nature to many of their students, and therefore they feel a need to become knowledgeable about this means of information sharing. What better way to learn about blogs, wikis, or…

  18. Adoption of a wiki within a large internal medicine residency program: a 3-year experience

    PubMed Central

    Mostaghimi, Arash; Reynolds, Eileen E

    2011-01-01

    Objective To describe the creation and evaluate the use of a wiki by medical residents, and to determine if a wiki would be a useful tool for improving the experience, efficiency, and education of housestaff. Materials and methods In 2008, a team of medical residents built a wiki containing institutional knowledge and reference information using Microsoft SharePoint. We tracked visit data for 3 years, and performed an audit of page views and updates in the second year. We evaluated the attitudes of medical residents toward the wiki using a survey. Results Users accessed the wiki 23 218, 35 094, and 40 545 times in each of three successive academic years from 2008 to 2011. In the year two audit, 85 users made a total of 1082 updates to 176 pages and of these, 91 were new page creations by 17 users. Forty-eight percent of residents edited a page. All housestaff felt the wiki improved their ability to complete tasks, and 90%, 89%, and 57% reported that the wiki improved their experience, efficiency, and education, respectively, when surveyed in academic year 2009–2010. Discussion A wiki is a useful and popular tool for organizing administrative and educational content for residents. Housestaff felt strongly that the wiki improved their workflow, but a smaller educational impact was observed. Nearly half of the housestaff edited the wiki, suggesting broad buy-in among the residents. Conclusion A wiki is a feasible and useful tool for improving information retrieval for house officers. PMID:22140210

  19. Educational Wikis: Features and Selection Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Linda; Clark, Sharon; Cossarin, Mary; Rudolph, Jim

    2004-01-01

    This report discusses the educational uses of the "wiki," an increasingly popular approach to online community development. Wikis are defined and compared with "blogging" methods; characteristics of major wiki engines are described; and wiki features and selection criteria are examined.

  20. Use of a Wiki-Based Software to Manage Research Group Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Ting; Vezenov, Dmitri V.; Simboli, Brian

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses use of the wiki software Confluence to organize research group activities and lab resources. Confluence can serve as an electronic lab notebook (ELN), as well as an information management and collaboration tool. The article provides a case study in how researchers can use wiki software in "home-grown" fashion to

  1. Use of a Wiki-Based Software to Manage Research Group Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Ting; Vezenov, Dmitri V.; Simboli, Brian

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses use of the wiki software Confluence to organize research group activities and lab resources. Confluence can serve as an electronic lab notebook (ELN), as well as an information management and collaboration tool. The article provides a case study in how researchers can use wiki software in "home-grown" fashion to…

  2. Wonderful Wikis and Internet Forums

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Sami

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are collaborative websites where visitors can edit anything they want, anytime they want. Essentially online "whiteboards," wikis allow groups of people to create documents and projects together. Internet forums, also known as message boards or discussion boards, are web applications that provide online discussions. Like wikis, your forum…

  3. Wonderful Wikis and Internet Forums

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Sami

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are collaborative websites where visitors can edit anything they want, anytime they want. Essentially online "whiteboards," wikis allow groups of people to create documents and projects together. Internet forums, also known as message boards or discussion boards, are web applications that provide online discussions. Like wikis, your forum

  4. Wikis as a Teaching Tool in Physics Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohottala, Hashini E.

    2011-01-01

    The advances of the digital age have made the duty and responsibility of the professor more complex and involved. The Internet has made powerful and useful tools available to us to disseminate knowledge in an interesting and effective manner. In this article, I discuss one such tool: Wikispaces (wikis)--a set of interactive web pages that can be

  5. Promoting pedagogical experimentation: using a wiki in graduate level education.

    PubMed

    Martin, Carolyn Thompson

    2012-12-01

    Learning to write in a scholarly manner is often a challenge for graduate students. This study describes nursing students' use of a wiki to encourage writing collaboration among students by allowing them to cocreate, review, and edit each other's material as it is created. Students are introduced to the online wiki site the first week of the course. A technology representative assists students with a short introduction and class visits. All students participate in making decisions related to the overall character of the site. They create pages on topics related to their clinical placements. Student pages are peer and content expert reviewed for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Students include pictures, YouTube links, attachments, videos, and Web site links into their pages. Evidence-based content includes pharmacology, diagnostic criteria, pathophysiology, history, genetics, and references. Students present their pages, and feedback questionnaires are collected at the end of the semester. The wiki writing assignment introduces students, faculty, and the community to graduate student projects while exposing students to new technology. Areas explored include issues and best practices regarding classroom pedagogy, as well as student support and technical challenges in the use of a wiki. Suggestions for improvement are discussed. PMID:22918134

  6. Wikis as a Teaching Tool in Physics Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohottala, Hashini E.

    2011-01-01

    The advances of the digital age have made the duty and responsibility of the professor more complex and involved. The Internet has made powerful and useful tools available to us to disseminate knowledge in an interesting and effective manner. In this article, I discuss one such tool: Wikispaces (wikis)--a set of interactive web pages that can be…

  7. FDA Kids' Home Page

    MedlinePlus

    ... Food and Drug Administration 10903 New Hampshire Avenue Silver Spring, MD 20993 Ph. 1-888-INFO-FDA (1-888-463-6332) Contact ... Information Safety Emergency Preparedness International Programs News & Events Training ...

  8. NRMRL HOME PAGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    As part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development, the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) conducts research into ways to prevent and reduce pollution risks that threaten human health and the environment. The laboratory inv...

  9. The Experimental Hydrology Wiki

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blume, Theresa; van Meerveld, Ilja; Graeff, Thomas

    2013-04-01

    The "Experimental Hydrology Wiki" is a forum for hydrologists to learn about, recommend, question and discuss new and established, basic and advanced methods and equipment for hydrological research. As a database of "lessons learned" it does not only contain short descriptions of specific experimental equipment but also information on encountered errors and problems and recommendations on how to deal with them. This makes valuable personal field experience accessible to a wider audience. The Wiki allows experimentalists to share and find solutions for common problems and thus helps us in not making the same mistakes others have made before us. At the same time modellers can use this platform to find information on sources of error and uncertainty in the data they use for model validation and calibration. The general idea and layout of the Experimental Hydrology Wiki is presented here along with an invitation to all experimental hydrologists to contribute their knowledge and experiences! http://www.experimental- hydrology.net/

  10. The Making of a History Standards Wiki: "Covering", "Uncovering", and "Discovering" Curriculum Frameworks Using a Highly Interactive Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloy, Robert W.; Poirier, Michelle; Smith, Hilary K.; Edwards, Sharon A.

    2010-01-01

    This article explores using a wiki, one of the newest forms of interactive computer-based technology, as a resource for teaching the Massachusetts K-12 History and Social Science Curriculum Framework, a set of state-mandated learning standards. Wikis are web pages that can be easily edited by multiple authors. They invite active involvement by

  11. The Making of a History Standards Wiki: "Covering", "Uncovering", and "Discovering" Curriculum Frameworks Using a Highly Interactive Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloy, Robert W.; Poirier, Michelle; Smith, Hilary K.; Edwards, Sharon A.

    2010-01-01

    This article explores using a wiki, one of the newest forms of interactive computer-based technology, as a resource for teaching the Massachusetts K-12 History and Social Science Curriculum Framework, a set of state-mandated learning standards. Wikis are web pages that can be easily edited by multiple authors. They invite active involvement by…

  12. Interlinking journal and wiki publications through joint citation: Working examples from ZooKeys and Plazi on Species-ID

    PubMed Central

    Penev, Lyubomir; Hagedorn, Gregor; Mietchen, Daniel; Georgiev, Teodor; Stoev, Pavel; Sautter, Guido; Agosti, Donat; Plank, Andreas; Balke, Michael; Hendrich, Lars; Erwin, Terry

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Scholarly publishing and citation practices have developed largely in the absence of versioned documents. The digital age requires new practices to combine the old and the new. We describe how the original published source and a versioned wiki page based on it can be reconciled and combined into a single citation reference. We illustrate the citation mechanism by way of practical examples focusing on journal and wiki publishing of taxon treatments. Specifically, we discuss mechanisms for permanent cross-linking between the static original publication and the dynamic, versioned wiki, as well as for automated export of journal content to the wiki, to reduce the workload on authors, for combining the journal and the wiki citation and for integrating it with the attribution of wiki contributors. PMID:21594104

  13. The Gene Wiki in 2011: community intelligence applied to human gene annotation.

    PubMed

    Good, Benjamin M; Clarke, Erik L; de Alfaro, Luca; Su, Andrew I

    2012-01-01

    The Gene Wiki is an open-access and openly editable collection of Wikipedia articles about human genes. Initiated in 2008, it has grown to include articles about more than 10,000 genes that, collectively, contain more than 1.4 million words of gene-centric text with extensive citations back to the primary scientific literature. This growing body of useful, gene-centric content is the result of the work of thousands of individuals throughout the scientific community. Here, we describe recent improvements to the automated system that keeps the structured data presented on Gene Wiki articles in sync with the data from trusted primary databases. We also describe the expanding contents, editors and users of the Gene Wiki. Finally, we introduce a new automated system, called WikiTrust, which can effectively compute the quality of Wikipedia articles, including Gene Wiki articles, at the word level. All articles in the Gene Wiki can be freely accessed and edited at Wikipedia, and additional links and information can be found at the project's Wikipedia portal page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Gene_Wiki. PMID:22075991

  14. The Wiki Way of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruth, Alison; Houghton, Luke

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents the argument that the use of wikis in a learning environment involves a different way of thinking, learning and knowing than perhaps many practitioners are familiar with. In particular, wikis foster collaborative, egalitarian learning that is designed to foster group interaction instead of just individual performance. Moreover,

  15. A Wiki for Classroom Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Brian; Smith, Richard D.

    2008-01-01

    Wikis can be a very useful addition to any classroom. They are engaging to students, easy to use, and focus on literacy whenever students genuinely interact with them. Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia (www.wikipedia.org), is the most famous example of a wiki. But today, teachers and students are beginning to engage with this technology more and…

  16. SubtiWiki--a comprehensive community resource for the model organism Bacillus subtilis.

    PubMed

    Mäder, Ulrike; Schmeisky, Arne G; Flórez, Lope A; Stülke, Jörg

    2012-01-01

    In the post-genomic era, most components of a cell are known and they can be quantified by large-scale functional genomics approaches. However, genome annotation is the bottleneck that hampers our understanding of living cells and organisms. Up-to-date functional annotation is of special importance for model organisms that provide a frame of reference for studies with other relevant organisms. We have generated a Wiki-type database for the Gram-positive model bacterium Bacillus subtilis, SubtiWiki (http://subtiwiki.uni-goettingen.de/). This Wiki is centered around the individual genes and gene products of B. subtilis and provides information on each aspect of gene function and expression as well as protein activity and its control. SubtiWiki is accompanied by two companion databases SubtiPathways and SubtInteract that provide graphical representations of B. subtilis metabolism and its regulation and of protein-protein interactions, respectively. The diagrams of both databases are easily navigatable using the popular Google maps API, and they are extensively linked with the SubtiWiki gene pages. Moreover, each gene/gene product was assigned to one or more functional categories and transcription factor regulons. Pages for the specific categories and regulons provide a rapid overview of functionally related genes/proteins. Today, SubtiWiki can be regarded as one of the most complete inventories of knowledge on a living organism in one single resource. PMID:22096228

  17. Feasibility of a Wiki as a Participatory Tool for Patients in Clinical Guideline Development

    PubMed Central

    den Breejen, Elvira ME; Knijnenburg, Jose M.L; Burgers, Jako S; Hermens, Rosella PMG; Kremer, Jan AM

    2012-01-01

    Background Patient participation is essential in developing high-quality guidelines but faces practical challenges. Evidence on timing, methods, evaluations, and outcomes of methodologies for patient participation in guideline development is lacking. Objective To assess the feasibility of a wiki as a participatory tool for patients in the development of a guideline on infertility determined by (1) use of the wiki (number of page views and visitors), (2) benefits of the wiki (ie, number, content, and eligibility of the recommendations to be integrated into the guideline), and (3) patients facilitators of and barriers to adoption, and the potential challenges to be overcome in improving this wiki. Methods To obtain initial content for the wiki, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 12) with infertile patients. Transcripts from the interviews were translated into 90 draft recommendations. These were presented on a wiki. Over 7 months, infertile patients were invited through advertisements or mailings to formulate new or modify existing recommendations. After modifying the recommendations, we asked patients to select their top 5 or top 3 recommendations for each of 5 sections on fertility care. Finally, the guideline development group assessed the eligibility of the final set of recommendations within the scope of the guideline. We used a multimethod evaluation strategy to assess the feasibility of the wiki as a participatory tool for patients in guideline development. Results The wiki attracted 298 unique visitors, yielding 289 recommendations. We assessed the 21 recommendations ranked as the top 5 or top 3 for their eligibility for being integrated into the clinical practice guideline. The evaluation identified some challenges needed to be met to improve the wiki tool, concerning its ease of use, website content and layout, and characteristics of the wiki tool. Conclusions The wiki is a promising and feasible participatory tool for patients in guideline development. A modified version of this tool including new modalities (eg, automatically limiting the number and length of recommendations, using a fixed format for recommendations, including a motivation page, and adding a continuous prioritization system) should be developed and evaluated in a patient-centered design. PMID:23103790

  18. Linking NCBI to Wikipedia: a wiki-based approach

    PubMed Central

    Page, Roderic D. M.

    2011-01-01

    The NCBI Taxonomy underpins many bioinformatics and phyloinformatics databases, but by itself provides limited information on the taxa it contains. One readily available source of information on many taxa is Wikipedia. This paper describes iPhylo Linkout, a Semantic wiki that maps taxa in NCBI's taxonomy database onto corresponding pages in Wikipedia. Storing the mapping in a wiki makes it easy to edit, correct, or otherwise annotate the links between NCBI and Wikipedia. The mapping currently comprises some 53,000 taxa, and is available at http://iphylo.org/linkout. The links between NCBI and Wikipedia are also made available to NCBI users through the NCBI LinkOut service. PMID:21516242

  19. Investigating Pedagogical Value of Wiki Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazari, Sunil; North, Alexa; Moreland, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study investigates the potential of Wiki technology as a tool for teaching and learning. Wikis are a component of Web 2.0 technology tools that provide collaborative features and active learning opportunities in a web-based environment. This research study sought to empirically determine the pedagogical value of using Wiki

  20. Techtalk: Wikis and Collaborative Knowledge Construction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caverly, David C.; Ward, Anne

    2008-01-01

    In the last column, we began discussing Web 2.0 applications. In this column, we'll review participatory, social networking software called "wikis." We'll define wikis, discuss their use in college classrooms, explore benefits provided for collaborative knowledge construction, and explain five types of wikis with applications to developmental…

  1. "You're being paged!" outcomes of a nursing home on-call role-playing and longitudinal curriculum.

    PubMed

    Yuasa, Misuzu; Bell, Christina L; Inaba, Michiko; Tamura, Bruce K; Ahsan, Samina; Saunders, Valisa; Masaki, Kamal

    2013-11-01

    Effectively handling telephone calls about nursing home (NH) residents is an important skill for healthcare professionals, but little formal training is typically provided. The objective of the current study was to describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a novel structured role-playing didactic session followed by an on-call NH longitudinal clinical experience. The effectiveness of the structured role-playing didactic session was compared in different learners, including geriatric medicine fellows (n = 10), family medicine residents and faculty (n = 14), nurse practitioner students (n = 31), and other learners (n = 7). The curriculum focused on common problems encountered while caring for NH residents during on-call periods. Learners rated themselves using an 18-item pre/post questionnaire including five attitude and 13 skills questions, using a 1-to-5 Likert scale. T-tests were used to compare means before and after sessions. Significant improvements were found in overall mean attitudes and skills scores. For all learners, the greatest improvements were seen in "comfort in managing residents at the NH," "managing feeding or gastrostomy tube dislodgement," "identifying different availability of medications, laboratory studies, and procedures in NH," and "describing steps to send NH residents to the emergency department." Geriatric medicine fellows' attitudes and skills improved significantly after the longitudinal clinical experience. The faculty survey demonstrated improved documentation, communication, and fellows' management of on-call problems after curriculum implementation. This novel curriculum used role-playing to provide training for on-call management of NH residents. This curriculum has been successfully disseminated on a national geriatrics educational resource website (POGOe) and is applicable to geriatric medicine fellowships, internal medicine and family medicine residency programs, and other training programs. PMID:24219199

  2. Collaboration or Cooperation? Analyzing Group Dynamics and Revision Processes in Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara; Kost, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the online writing and revision behaviors of university language learners. In small groups, 53 intermediate German students from three classes at three different universities created wiki pages with background information about a novel read in class. All meaning- and language-related revisions were analyzed to determine whether

  3. Collaboration or Cooperation? Analyzing Group Dynamics and Revision Processes in Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara; Kost, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the online writing and revision behaviors of university language learners. In small groups, 53 intermediate German students from three classes at three different universities created wiki pages with background information about a novel read in class. All meaning- and language-related revisions were analyzed to determine whether…

  4. ATTREX Data and Information Page

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2015-06-01

    ... objectives: 1) the role of stratospheric water vapor in Earth's energy budget and climate; 2) dehydration of tropospheric air entering ... Relevant Documents:  ATTREX - Program Home Page SCAR-B Block:  SCAR-B ...

  5. Home Health Care

    MedlinePlus

    ... Page Resize Text Printer Friendly Online Chat Home Health Care Home health care helps older adults live independently for as long ... need for long-term nursing home care. Home health care may include occupational and physical therapy, speech therapy, ...

  6. Wikis, Blogs, & More, Oh My!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Everyone seems to have a different definition for "Web 2.0," but most people agree the phrase describes a second generation of web-based communities and hosted services that aim to facilitate creativity, collaboration, and sharing between users. Technically speaking, these new technologies include blogs, wikis, folksonomies (collaborative or…

  7. Learning with Blogs and Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferriter, Bill

    2009-01-01

    Digital tools, such as blogs and wikis, now make it easy for educators to embrace continual learning. Thousands of accomplished educators are now writing blogs in which they reflect on instruction, challenge assumptions, question policies, offer advice, design solutions, and learn together. All this collective knowledge is readily available for…

  8. Using Wikis to Experience History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Vance Scott

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation is an action research study examining the use of technology to encourage critical thinking and digital literacy in a community college history class. The students are responsible for researching course material and teaching the class. They then use a wiki to contribute to and edit an interactive, online textbook that has been…

  9. Engaging With a Wiki Related to Knowledge Translation: A Survey of WhatisKT Wiki Users

    PubMed Central

    Mathew, Deepa; McKibbon, K Ann; Colquhoun, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2008, WhatisKT wiki was launched as a collaborative platform for knowledge translation (KT) researchers and stakeholders to debate the use and definitions of KT-related terms. The wiki has definitions for over 110 terms from disciplines including health care, information technology, education, accounting, and business. WhatisKT wiki has over 115 registered users. Approximately 73,000 unique visitors have visited the wiki since 2008. Despite annual increases in visitors and regular maintenance of the wiki, no visitors have contributed content or started a discussion. Objective We surveyed wiki users to gain an understanding of the perceived value of the website, reasons for not engaging in the wiki, and suggestions to facilitate collaboration and improve the usability of the wiki. Methods We surveyed three cohorts: KT Canada members who were previously invited to join the wiki, registered wiki members, and unregistered visitors. The first two cohorts completed a Web-based survey that included the System Usability Scale (SUS) questionnaire to assess usability; additionally 3 participants were interviewed. Unregistered wiki visitors were surveyed with polls posted on the wiki. The study received ethics approval from the McMaster University Faculty of Health Sciences Research Ethics Board. Results Twenty-three participants completed the Web-based and SUS surveys; 15 participants indicated that they would collaborate on the wiki. The mean SUS score of 67 (95% CI 56-77) indicated that the wiki could be considered for design improvements. Study participants indicated that the wiki could be improved by email notification regarding new terms, better grouping of terms, user friendly interface, and training for users interested in editing content. Conclusions The findings from this survey will be used to enhance the design and content of WhatisKT wiki. Further feedback from participants will be used to make the wiki an ideal collaboration platform for KT researchers interested in terminology. PMID:24449712

  10. Automated seeding of specialised wiki knowledgebases with BioKb

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background Wiki technology has become a ubiquitous mechanism for dissemination of information, and places strong emphasis on collaboration. We aimed to leverage wiki technology to allow small groups of researchers to collaborate around a specific domain, for example a biological pathway. Automatically gathered seed data could be modified by the group and enriched with domain specific information. Results We describe a software system, BioKb, implemented as a plugin for the TWiki engine, and designed to facilitate construction of a field-specific wiki containing collaborative and automatically generated content. Features of this system include: query of publicly available resources such as KEGG, iHOP and MeSH, to generate 'seed' content for topics; simple definition of structure for topics of different types via an administration page; and interactive incorporation of relevant PubMed references. An exemplar is shown for the use of this system, in the creation of the RAASWiki knowledgebase on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). RAASWiki has been seeded with data by use of BioKb, and will be the subject of ongoing development into an extensive knowledgebase on the RAAS. Conclusion The BioKb system is available from http://www.bioinf.mvm.ed.ac.uk/twiki/bin/view/TWiki/BioKbPlugin as a plugin for the TWiki engine. PMID:19758431

  11. SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION - HOME PAGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The mission of the Sustainable Technology Division is to advance the scientific understanding, development and application of technologies and methods for prevention, removal and control of environmental risks to human health and ecology. The Division is organized into four bra...

  12. Wikidata as a semantic framework for the Gene Wiki initiative.

    PubMed

    Burgstaller-Muehlbacher, Sebastian; Waagmeester, Andra; Mitraka, Elvira; Turner, Julia; Putman, Tim; Leong, Justin; Naik, Chinmay; Pavlidis, Paul; Schriml, Lynn; Good, Benjamin M; Su, Andrew I

    2016-01-01

    Open biological data are distributed over many resources making them challenging to integrate, to update and to disseminate quickly. Wikidata is a growing, open community database which can serve this purpose and also provides tight integration with Wikipedia. In order to improve the state of biological data, facilitate data management and dissemination, we imported all human and mouse genes, and all human and mouse proteins into Wikidata. In total, 59,721 human genes and 73,355 mouse genes have been imported from NCBI and 27,306 human proteins and 16,728 mouse proteins have been imported from the Swissprot subset of UniProt. As Wikidata is open and can be edited by anybody, our corpus of imported data serves as the starting point for integration of further data by scientists, the Wikidata community and citizen scientists alike. The first use case for these data is to populate Wikipedia Gene Wiki infoboxes directly from Wikidata with the data integrated above. This enables immediate updates of the Gene Wiki infoboxes as soon as the data in Wikidata are modified. Although Gene Wiki pages are currently only on the English language version of Wikipedia, the multilingual nature of Wikidata allows for usage of the data we imported in all 280 different language Wikipedias. Apart from the Gene Wiki infobox use case, a SPARQL endpoint and exporting functionality to several standard formats (e.g. JSON, XML) enable use of the data by scientists. In summary, we created a fully open and extensible data resource for human and mouse molecular biology and biochemistry data. This resource enriches all the Wikipedias with structured information and serves as a new linking hub for the biological semantic web. Database URL: https://www.wikidata.org/. PMID:26989148

  13. Wikidata as a semantic framework for the Gene Wiki initiative

    PubMed Central

    Waagmeester, Andra; Mitraka, Elvira; Turner, Julia; Putman, Tim; Leong, Justin; Naik, Chinmay; Pavlidis, Paul; Schriml, Lynn; Good, Benjamin M; Su, Andrew I

    2016-01-01

    Open biological data are distributed over many resources making them challenging to integrate, to update and to disseminate quickly. Wikidata is a growing, open community database which can serve this purpose and also provides tight integration with Wikipedia. In order to improve the state of biological data, facilitate data management and dissemination, we imported all human and mouse genes, and all human and mouse proteins into Wikidata. In total, 59 721 human genes and 73 355 mouse genes have been imported from NCBI and 27 306 human proteins and 16 728 mouse proteins have been imported from the Swissprot subset of UniProt. As Wikidata is open and can be edited by anybody, our corpus of imported data serves as the starting point for integration of further data by scientists, the Wikidata community and citizen scientists alike. The first use case for these data is to populate Wikipedia Gene Wiki infoboxes directly from Wikidata with the data integrated above. This enables immediate updates of the Gene Wiki infoboxes as soon as the data in Wikidata are modified. Although Gene Wiki pages are currently only on the English language version of Wikipedia, the multilingual nature of Wikidata allows for usage of the data we imported in all 280 different language Wikipedias. Apart from the Gene Wiki infobox use case, a SPARQL endpoint and exporting functionality to several standard formats (e.g. JSON, XML) enable use of the data by scientists. In summary, we created a fully open and extensible data resource for human and mouse molecular biology and biochemistry data. This resource enriches all the Wikipedias with structured information and serves as a new linking hub for the biological semantic web. Database URL: https://www.wikidata.org/ PMID:26989148

  14. The Spitzer Space Telescope Research Program for Teachers and Students: The Wiki

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spuck, Timothy; Rebull, L.; Roelofsen Moody, T.; Sepulveda, B.; Weehler, C.; Kelley, N.; Sibble, Y.; Walentosky, M.; Weiser, S.; Yeager, D.

    2007-12-01

    The Spitzer Science Center (SSC) and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) have designed a program for teacher and student research using observing time on the Spitzer Space Telescope. (For more information on this program, please see our companion poster, Rebull et al.) As part of this program, we are developing a wiki, where the scientists, teachers, and students can share the materials they have developed and interact with each other. The wiki currently has background information, some general lessons and discussion pages; it also provides a place for the teams to continue working on their specific research projects. This poster will describe some of the wiki contents, and our plans for future development.

  15. The Executive Wiki: Wikis Can Be a Multitasking Administrators' Best Friend

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warlick, David

    2007-01-01

    The poster child for the Web 2.0 movement, the wiki, demonstrates the spirit of open content more clearly than any other application. Wikipedia, the most famous wiki and the world's largest encyclopedia, defines a wiki as a Web site that "allows visitors to add, remove, edit, and change content." Even though it is a controversial information…

  16. Wiki Laboratory Notebooks: Supporting Student Learning in Collaborative Inquiry-Based Laboratory Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lawrie, Gwendolyn Angela; Grøndahl, Lisbeth; Boman, Simon; Andrews, Trish

    2016-06-01

    Recent examples of high-impact teaching practices in the undergraduate chemistry laboratory that include course-based undergraduate research experiences and inquiry-based experiments require new approaches to assessing individual student learning outcomes. Instructors require tools and strategies that can provide them with insight into individual student contributions to collaborative group/teamwork throughout the processes of experimental design, data analysis, display and communication of their outcomes in relation to their research question(s). Traditional assessments in the form of laboratory notebooks or experimental reports provide limited insight into the processes of collaborative inquiry-based activities. A wiki environment offers a collaborative domain that can potentially support collaborative laboratory processes and scientific record keeping. In this study, the effectiveness of the wiki in supporting laboratory learning and assessment has been evaluated through analysis of the content and histories for three consenting, participating groups of students. The conversational framework has been applied to map the relationships between the instructor, tutor, students and laboratory activities. Analytics that have been applied to the wiki platform include: character counts, page views, edits, timelines and the extent and nature of the contribution by each student to the wiki. Student perceptions of both the role and the impact of the wiki on their experiences and processes have also been collected. Evidence has emerged from this study that the wiki environment has enhanced co-construction of understanding of both the experimental process and subsequent communication of outcomes and data. A number of features are identified to support success in the use of the wiki platform for laboratory notebooks.

  17. Wiki Laboratory Notebooks: Supporting Student Learning in Collaborative Inquiry-Based Laboratory Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lawrie, Gwendolyn Angela; Grøndahl, Lisbeth; Boman, Simon; Andrews, Trish

    2016-01-01

    Recent examples of high-impact teaching practices in the undergraduate chemistry laboratory that include course-based undergraduate research experiences and inquiry-based experiments require new approaches to assessing individual student learning outcomes. Instructors require tools and strategies that can provide them with insight into individual student contributions to collaborative group/teamwork throughout the processes of experimental design, data analysis, display and communication of their outcomes in relation to their research question(s). Traditional assessments in the form of laboratory notebooks or experimental reports provide limited insight into the processes of collaborative inquiry-based activities. A wiki environment offers a collaborative domain that can potentially support collaborative laboratory processes and scientific record keeping. In this study, the effectiveness of the wiki in supporting laboratory learning and assessment has been evaluated through analysis of the content and histories for three consenting, participating groups of students. The conversational framework has been applied to map the relationships between the instructor, tutor, students and laboratory activities. Analytics that have been applied to the wiki platform include: character counts, page views, edits, timelines and the extent and nature of the contribution by each student to the wiki. Student perceptions of both the role and the impact of the wiki on their experiences and processes have also been collected. Evidence has emerged from this study that the wiki environment has enhanced co-construction of understanding of both the experimental process and subsequent communication of outcomes and data. A number of features are identified to support success in the use of the wiki platform for laboratory notebooks.

  18. Wikispaces (Wikis) and Group Problem Solving (GPS) sessions in Physics classes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohottala, Hashini

    2013-03-01

    We report the combine use of Wikispaces (Wikis) and Group Problem Solving (GPS) sessions conducted in the introductory level and upper level physics classes. This method gradually evolved from the combine use of Wikis and Just in Time Teaching (JiTT) practiced over the past years. As a part of this new teaching method, some essay type problems, parallel to the chapter in discussion, were posted on the Wikis at the beginning of each week and students were encouraged to visit the pages and do the work without providing numerical final answers but the steps. At the end of each week students were evaluated on the problem solving skills opening up more opportunity for peer interaction by putting them into small groups and letting them solve one selected problem. A class of 30 students is divided into 6 groups and as a whole four lengthy essay problems are discussed - each group is given to solve one problem. The problem numbers are drawn in a raffle and the groups are excited to find out what they get each week. The required skills to solve a problem are gained from the weekly given Wiki exercises. Wiki provides a user-friendly platform to make this effort a success. GPS sessions help the professor identify the failing students earlier and help them before it's too late.

  19. Web Page Design and Network Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wan, Hakman A.; Chung, Chi-wai

    1998-01-01

    Examines problems in Web-site design from the perspective of network analysis. In view of the similarity between the hypertext structure of Web pages and a generic network, network analysis presents concepts and theories that provide insight for Web-site design. Describes the problem of home-page location and control of number of Web pages and…

  20. SubtiWiki 2.0--an integrated database for the model organism Bacillus subtilis.

    PubMed

    Michna, Raphael H; Zhu, Bingyao; Mäder, Ulrike; Stülke, Jörg

    2016-01-01

    To understand living cells, we need knowledge of each of their parts as well as about the interactions of these parts. To gain rapid and comprehensive access to this information, annotation databases are required. Here, we present SubtiWiki 2.0, the integrated database for the model bacterium Bacillus subtilis (http://subtiwiki.uni-goettingen.de/). SubtiWiki provides text-based access to published information about the genes and proteins of B. subtilis as well as presentations of metabolic and regulatory pathways. Moreover, manually curated protein-protein interactions diagrams are linked to the protein pages. Finally, expression data are shown with respect to gene expression under 104 different conditions as well as absolute protein quantification for cytoplasmic proteins. To facilitate the mobile use of SubtiWiki, we have now expanded it by Apps that are available for iOS and Android devices. Importantly, the App allows to link private notes and pictures to the gene/protein pages. Today, SubtiWiki has become one of the most complete collections of knowledge on a living organism in one single resource. PMID:26433225

  1. Eight Ways to Use School Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are great tools to help a school enrich instruction, and increase communication and collaboration among staff. They are also free (for educators using wikispaces) and provide unlimited storage for digital materials including video, screencasts, presentations, PDFs, etc. This article presents eight ways to use wikis in class.

  2. Learning Course Content by Creating a Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthew, Kathryn I.; Felvegi, Emese

    2009-01-01

    In this article, students' perceptions of the benefits and the challenges of creating a wiki for a language arts methods class are explored through their online reflections and interview transcripts. The students' own words describe their experiences about learning course content while collaborating to create a course wiki. Reflecting on the

  3. Using Wikis to Promote Collaborative EFL Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Zelilha; Yildiz, Senem

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on the use of wikis in collaborative writing projects in foreign language learning classrooms. A total of 34 intermediate level university students learning English as a foreign language (EFL) were asked to accomplish three different wiki-based collaborative writing tasks, (argumentative, informative and decision-making) working

  4. Using Wikis to Promote Collaborative EFL Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Zelilha; Yildiz, Senem

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on the use of wikis in collaborative writing projects in foreign language learning classrooms. A total of 34 intermediate level university students learning English as a foreign language (EFL) were asked to accomplish three different wiki-based collaborative writing tasks, (argumentative, informative and decision-making) working…

  5. Wiki Technology for Middle Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Debra Ann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to determine the pedagogical value of Wiki technology-enhanced instruction for middle grade students. The sample consisted of three Wiki projects representative of work from 6th, 7th, and 8th grade middle school students. The examination of the data collected from the three samples of Wiki…

  6. Investigating Pedagogical Value of Wiki Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazari, Sunil; North, Alexa; Moreland, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study investigates the potential of Wiki technology as a tool for teaching and learning. Wikis are a component of Web 2.0 technology tools that provide collaborative features and active learning opportunities in a web-based environment. This research study sought to empirically determine the pedagogical value of using Wiki…

  7. Technologies Such as Wikis in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, Poppy

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to encourage the reader to explore wikis for use in classroom instruction and assignments. The information in this report was gleaned from interviews with various members of higher education as well as recent research by educators. The main problems found in the research with new technologies like wikis in classrooms…

  8. Collaborative Strategic Planning: A Wiki Application

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, Susan L.; Nino, Mary H.; Staley, Shannon M.

    2008-01-01

    For the past several years, many have viewed wikis as useful tools for community building and collaboration. A number of free Web services such as PBwiki have claimed convenience and ease of use as part of their overall packages. A review of the literature reveals a great deal of anecdotal support for wiki use in the workplace. However, few…

  9. National Nursing Home Survey

    MedlinePlus

    ... please visit this page: About CDC.gov . National Nursing Home Survey NCHS Home Surveys and Data Collection Systems National Health Care Surveys Share Compartir National Nursing Home Survey NOTE: This website contains information on ...

  10. Genetics Home Reference

    MedlinePlus

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Genetics Home Reference Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of ... of this page please turn Javascript on. The Genetics Home Reference (GHR) Web site — ghr.nlm.nih. ...

  11. Learning and Collaborating in the Adult Literacy Education Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Erik

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the results of a mixed-methods study of the Adult Literacy Education Wiki. Two research questions framed the study: (1) What do participants report they have learned by contributing to the wiki? and (2) What is the nature of participation and collaboration in the wiki? A key finding of the study is that the wiki does not

  12. Collaboration and Learning with Wikis in Post-Secondary Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Joan E.; Narayan, Ravi

    2009-01-01

    This research examined the use of wikis used in support of collaboration and learning in two post-secondary courses in a large Mid-Western university that adopted wikis in pedagogically different ways. In the first course, students used their wiki as a course content glossary for posting and editing original contributions. They perceived the wiki

  13. Wiki Behavior in the Workplace: Emotional Aspects of Content Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gears, Deborah Ann

    2011-01-01

    Wikis have been found to be an easy-to-use, low-cost, and Internet-based technology useful in creating and mobilizing knowledge. Wikis hosted within firms (corporate wikis) have become a popular way for employees to share information and collaborate. Preliminary research suggested that as few as 6% of wiki consumers contributed to the…

  14. Wiki Behavior in the Workplace: Emotional Aspects of Content Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gears, Deborah Ann

    2011-01-01

    Wikis have been found to be an easy-to-use, low-cost, and Internet-based technology useful in creating and mobilizing knowledge. Wikis hosted within firms (corporate wikis) have become a popular way for employees to share information and collaborate. Preliminary research suggested that as few as 6% of wiki consumers contributed to the

  15. University of Waterloo at INEX 2008: Adhoc, Book, and Link-the-Wiki Tracks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Itakura, Kelly Y.; Clarke, Charles L. A.

    In this paper, we describe University of Waterloo’s ap- proaches to the Adhoc, Book, and Link-the-Wiki tracks. For the Adhoc track, we submitted runs for all the tasks, the Focused, the Relevant-in-Context, and the Best-in-Context tasks. The results show that we ranked first among all participants for each task, by the simple scoring of elements using Okapi BM25. In the Book track, we participated in the Book retrieval and the Page-in-Context tasks, by using the approaches we used in the Adhoc track. We attribute our poor performance to lack of training. In the Link-the-Wiki track, we submitted runs for both File-to-File and Anchor-to-BEP tasks, using PageRank [1] algorithms on top of our previous year’s algorithms that yielded high performance. The results indicate that our baseline approaches work best, although other approaches have rooms for improvement.

  16. Home Health Compare: Find a Home Health Agency

    MedlinePlus

    ... page could not be loaded. The Medicare.gov Home page currently does not fully support browsers with " ... widget - Select to show Back to top Footer Home A federal government website managed by the Centers ...

  17. Digital Ethnography: Library Web Page Redesign among Digital Natives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klare, Diane; Hobbs, Kendall

    2011-01-01

    Presented with an opportunity to improve Wesleyan University's dated library home page, a team of librarians employed ethnographic techniques to explore how its users interacted with Wesleyan's current library home page and web pages in general. Based on the data that emerged, a group of library staff and members of the campus' information

  18. Digital Ethnography: Library Web Page Redesign among Digital Natives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klare, Diane; Hobbs, Kendall

    2011-01-01

    Presented with an opportunity to improve Wesleyan University's dated library home page, a team of librarians employed ethnographic techniques to explore how its users interacted with Wesleyan's current library home page and web pages in general. Based on the data that emerged, a group of library staff and members of the campus' information…

  19. The Way of the Wiki: Using a Wiki as a Management Tool for Online Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huett, Jason B.; Huett, Kimberly C.; Bennett, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Many universities are struggling to meet student demand for quality online course offerings. As an online program grows, it can become more difficult to manage information, resources, and people. Adopting useful knowledge management tools, such as wikis, could help better position an online program in a competitive marketplace. Wikis promote

  20. Wikis in Collaborative Educational Scenarios: Integrated in LMS or Standalone Wikis?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forment, Marc Alier; De Pedro, Xavier; Casan, Maria Jose; Piguillem, Jordi; Galanis, Nikolas

    2012-01-01

    This article outlines a set of features that wiki engines require to successfully host collaborative educational scenarios. The authors explore multiple issues that deal with the use wikis with learning activities. One of the first issues to solve is software support for assessment methodologies. The second is choosing between using an integrated

  1. Wikis in Collaborative Educational Scenarios: Integrated in LMS or Standalone Wikis?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forment, Marc Alier; De Pedro, Xavier; Casan, Maria Jose; Piguillem, Jordi; Galanis, Nikolas

    2012-01-01

    This article outlines a set of features that wiki engines require to successfully host collaborative educational scenarios. The authors explore multiple issues that deal with the use wikis with learning activities. One of the first issues to solve is software support for assessment methodologies. The second is choosing between using an integrated…

  2. Find a Nursing Home

    MedlinePlus

    ... Navigation The page could not be loaded. The Medicare.gov Home page currently does not fully support ... gov About Us Glossary MyMedicare.gov Login Search Medicare.gov + Share widget - Select to show Back to ...

  3. SubtiWiki 2.0—an integrated database for the model organism Bacillus subtilis

    PubMed Central

    Michna, Raphael H.; Zhu, Bingyao; Mäder, Ulrike; Stülke, Jörg

    2016-01-01

    To understand living cells, we need knowledge of each of their parts as well as about the interactions of these parts. To gain rapid and comprehensive access to this information, annotation databases are required. Here, we present SubtiWiki 2.0, the integrated database for the model bacterium Bacillus subtilis (http://subtiwiki.uni-goettingen.de/). SubtiWiki provides text-based access to published information about the genes and proteins of B. subtilis as well as presentations of metabolic and regulatory pathways. Moreover, manually curated protein-protein interactions diagrams are linked to the protein pages. Finally, expression data are shown with respect to gene expression under 104 different conditions as well as absolute protein quantification for cytoplasmic proteins. To facilitate the mobile use of SubtiWiki, we have now expanded it by Apps that are available for iOS and Android devices. Importantly, the App allows to link private notes and pictures to the gene/protein pages. Today, SubtiWiki has become one of the most complete collections of knowledge on a living organism in one single resource. PMID:26433225

  4. Using Wikis and Collaborative Learning for Science Teachers' Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Y-H.; Jang, S-J.; Chen, P-J.

    2015-01-01

    Wiki bears great potential to transform learning and instruction by scaffolding personal and social constructivism. Past studies have shown that proper application of wiki benefits both students and teachers; however, few studies have integrated wiki and collaborative learning to examine the growth of science teachers' "Technological,…

  5. Using Wikis and Collaborative Learning for Science Teachers' Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Y-H.; Jang, S-J.; Chen, P-J.

    2015-01-01

    Wiki bears great potential to transform learning and instruction by scaffolding personal and social constructivism. Past studies have shown that proper application of wiki benefits both students and teachers; however, few studies have integrated wiki and collaborative learning to examine the growth of science teachers' "Technological,

  6. Collaborating like Never before: Reading and Writing through a Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Scott

    2010-01-01

    The wiki is an excellent tool for student collaboration and teacher assessment. Students' comfort with online social networking makes the wiki a perfect forum for students to coauthor works and to respond to each other's writing. In this article, the author discusses how to use a wiki to promote discussion and aid students with writing. He tested

  7. Using a Wiki as a Group Communications Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mihm, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    The research explains wiki development and use in industry and potential benefits in higher education as a collaborative communication tool. The findings of a study conducted in a business administration class involving the use of wikis is discussed. The paper concludes with useful guidelines for college instructors incorporating wikis as a…

  8. Choosing a Wiki Platform for Student Projects--Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malaga, Ross A.

    2010-01-01

    Wikis offer many benefits, such as two-way flows of information, early and consistent feedback, and greater student group collaboration, in an educational setting. Some researchers have already reported on the use of Wikis in their classes. However, instructors must choose an appropriate Wiki platform in order to receive all of the benefits of…

  9. Genetics Home Reference: Paralysis

    MedlinePlus

    ... paraplegia type 8 Troyer syndrome You may also search Genetics Home Reference for ... a page outside Genetics Home Reference. Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute ...

  10. Genetics Home Reference: Seizures

    MedlinePlus

    ... deficiency X-linked creatine deficiency You may also search Genetics Home Reference for ... a page outside Genetics Home Reference. Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute ...

  11. Genetics Home Reference: Dementia

    MedlinePlus

    ... epilepsy with ragged-red fibers You may also search Genetics Home Reference for "Dementia" for ... a page outside Genetics Home Reference. Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute ...

  12. Genetics Home Reference: Dystonia

    MedlinePlus

    ... deficiency X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism You may also search Genetics Home Reference ... a page outside Genetics Home Reference. Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute ...

  13. Genetics Home Reference: Arrhythmia

    MedlinePlus

    ... amyloidosis Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome You may also search Genetics Home Reference ... a page outside Genetics Home Reference. Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute ...

  14. Genetics Home Reference: Fever

    MedlinePlus

    ... factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome You may also search Genetics Home Reference for ... a page outside Genetics Home Reference. Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute ...

  15. Reactome from a WikiPathways Perspective.

    PubMed

    Bohler, Anwesha; Wu, Guanming; Kutmon, Martina; Pradhana, Leontius Adhika; Coort, Susan L; Hanspers, Kristina; Haw, Robin; Pico, Alexander R; Evelo, Chris T

    2016-05-01

    Reactome and WikiPathways are two of the most popular freely available databases for biological pathways. Reactome pathways are centrally curated with periodic input from selected domain experts. WikiPathways is a community-based platform where pathways are created and continually curated by any interested party. The nascent collaboration between WikiPathways and Reactome illustrates the mutual benefits of combining these two approaches. We created a format converter that converts Reactome pathways to the GPML format used in WikiPathways. In addition, we developed the ComplexViz plugin for PathVisio which simplifies looking up complex components. The plugin can also score the complexes on a pathway based on a user defined criterion. This score can then be visualized on the complex nodes using the visualization options provided by the plugin. Using the merged collection of curated and converted Reactome pathways, we demonstrate improved pathway coverage of relevant biological processes for the analysis of a previously described polycystic ovary syndrome gene expression dataset. Additionally, this conversion allows researchers to visualize their data on Reactome pathways using PathVisio's advanced data visualization functionalities. WikiPathways benefits from the dedicated focus and attention provided to the content converted from Reactome and the wealth of semantic information about interactions. Reactome in turn benefits from the continuous community curation available on WikiPathways. The research community at large benefits from the availability of a larger set of pathways for analysis in PathVisio and Cytoscape. The pathway statistics results obtained from PathVisio are significantly better when using a larger set of candidate pathways for analysis. The conversion serves as a general model for integration of multiple pathway resources developed using different approaches. PMID:27203685

  16. Evaluating the effectiveness of a wiki internet site for medical topics.

    PubMed

    Burgos, Clinton; Bot, Arjan; Ring, David

    2012-06-01

    To evaluate the iterative process of a collaborative public database (a Wiki) as a reference for information on hand illnesses we tested the null hypothesis that the number and type of edits are comparable for web pages covering different topics. The history of 4 hand surgery related web pages on the English language Wikipedia (Trigger finger, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), Ganglion cyst, and de Quervain Syndrome) were analyzed from inception to July 2011. Each edit was classified as one of six types: an addition is an edit that adds material; a deletion removes material; a modification is a combination of addition and deletion, or any rearrangement; a minor edit is a correction of spelling, grammar, or formatting errors; vandalism is any edit that is intended to harm the page; a vandalism fixed is an edit that addresses harm. The edits were also rated as possibly controversial or not (defined as edits that present information with a clear bias or do not list reliable sources). For both the Ganglion cyst and Trigger Finger pages, readability was measured at 1year increments. Our primary null hypothesis was that the proportion of constructive edits (addition, deletion or modification) did not differ between the 4 web pages. The percentage of constructive edits (additions, deletions, and modifications) was significantly different for each page: 121/234 (52%) for de Quervain, 258/448 (58%) for CRPS, 103/156 (66%) for Trigger Finger, and 160/389 (41%) for Ganglion cyst. The percentage of edits related to vandalism was also significantly different: 28/234 (12%) for de Quervain, 33/156 (7%) for CRPS, 21/156 (14%) for Trigger Finger, and 135/389 (35%) for Ganglion cyst. Vandalism was quickly identified and addressed. Twenty-six percent of all edits were classified as potentially controversial. Forty percent of possibly controversial edits were deletions. The topic of a Wiki web page for information on hand illness influences the degree to which edits are constructive. A Wiki for hand illness could be a very useful resource for patients with hand illness, but it requires careful moderation because only about half the edits are constructive. Cohort Study. PMID:23730084

  17. Wiki Literature Circles: Creating Digital Learning Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmondson, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Teenagers love being social, and Web 2.0 technologies have provided students with new avenues to mingle. Although many teachers may view Web 2.0 technologies (Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, blogs, wikis, Nings) as a distraction from homework and a potential danger zone in the classroom, it would be negligent for them to ignore the ramifications of

  18. Teaching and Learning Physics using Wikis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohottala, Hashini

    2010-03-01

    The use of new teaching tools and technologies in modern classrooms in universities, colleges and even schools is essential. Here we report an adaptation of a new and powerful teaching tool, Wiki, in teaching Physics. Wiki is an interactive webpage which can be accessed and updated collaboratively by a group of users via any web browser. This new teaching tool was first used in an introductory level Physics course. The students were assigned different tasks and as a part of the learning procedure, they were encouraged to do independent research to explore applications related to the Physics concepts learned in the class. As a result, students often brought interesting findings into the class that led to insightful class discussions. Although Physics is not the most popular science subject among undergraduate students, the adaptation of Wiki showed a notable change in the students' perceptions. As we have experienced, there are number of advantages of using Wikis in a Physics classroom - improves the writing and research skills; helps students explore and understand the subject in depth and most of all enhances their desire and ability to learn Physics.

  19. Learning from a Wiki Way of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Kelly L.; Reynolds, Nina

    2015-01-01

    There is a growing need to design learning experiences in higher education that develop collaborative and mediated social writing practices. A wiki way of learning addresses these needs. This paper reports findings from a case study involving 58 postgraduate students who in small groups participated over eight weeks in a mediated collaborative

  20. Within the Wiki: Best Practices for Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroeder, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    With the increasing emphasis in higher education to provide opportunities for students to work and collaborate in groups, enhancing problem-solving and critical-thinking skills, instructors are looking beyond traditional course management tools to emerging technologies. One technology that supports group collaboration is a wiki. However, many

  1. Wikis and Collaborative Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zheng, Binbin; Niiya, Melissa; Warschauer, Mark

    2015-01-01

    While collaborative learning and collaborative writing can be of great value to student learning, the implementation of a technology-supported collaborative learning environment is a challenge. With their built-in features for supporting collaborative writing and social communication, wikis are a promising platform for collaborative learning;

  2. Learning from a Wiki Way of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Kelly L.; Reynolds, Nina

    2015-01-01

    There is a growing need to design learning experiences in higher education that develop collaborative and mediated social writing practices. A wiki way of learning addresses these needs. This paper reports findings from a case study involving 58 postgraduate students who in small groups participated over eight weeks in a mediated collaborative…

  3. Use of Wikis in Graduate Course Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bold, Mary

    2006-01-01

    Graduate education in an online environment frequently means relying on a course management system (CMS) but also calls for additional interactive components. Courses in an online Master's in Family Studies incorporated wikis (Hawaiian word for "quick") to support collaboration among students. Online collaboration can replicate the expected…

  4. Wiki Literature Circles: Creating Digital Learning Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmondson, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Teenagers love being social, and Web 2.0 technologies have provided students with new avenues to mingle. Although many teachers may view Web 2.0 technologies (Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, blogs, wikis, Nings) as a distraction from homework and a potential danger zone in the classroom, it would be negligent for them to ignore the ramifications of…

  5. Wikis and Collaborative Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zheng, Binbin; Niiya, Melissa; Warschauer, Mark

    2015-01-01

    While collaborative learning and collaborative writing can be of great value to student learning, the implementation of a technology-supported collaborative learning environment is a challenge. With their built-in features for supporting collaborative writing and social communication, wikis are a promising platform for collaborative learning;…

  6. Tricine-SDS-PAGE.

    PubMed

    Schägger, Hermann

    2006-01-01

    Tricine-SDS-PAGE is commonly used to separate proteins in the mass range 1-100 kDa. It is the preferred electrophoretic system for the resolution of proteins smaller than 30 kDa. The concentrations of acrylamide used in the gels are lower than in other electrophoretic systems. These lower concentrations facilitate electroblotting, which is particularly crucial for hydrophobic proteins. Tricine-SDS-PAGE is also used preferentially for doubled SDS-PAGE (dSDS-PAGE), a proteomic tool used to isolate extremely hydrophobic proteins for mass spectrometric identification, and it offers advantages for resolution of the second dimension after blue-native PAGE (BN-PAGE) and clear-native PAGE (CN-PAGE). Here I describe a protocol for Tricine-SDS-PAGE, which includes efficient methods for Coomassie blue or silver staining and electroblotting, thereby increasing the versatility of the approach. This protocol can be completed in 1-2 d. PMID:17406207

  7. Collaborative authoring: a case study of the use of a wiki as a tool to keep systematic reviews up to date

    PubMed Central

    Bender, Jacqueline L; O’Grady, Laura A; Deshpande, Amol; Cortinois, Andrea A; Saffie, Luis; Husereau, Don; Jadad, Alejandro R

    2011-01-01

    Background Systematic reviews are recognized as the most effective means of summarizing research evidence. However, they are limited by the time and effort required to keep them up to date. Wikis present a unique opportunity to facilitate collaboration among many authors. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of a wiki as an online collaborative tool for the updating of a type of systematic review known as a scoping review. Methods An existing peer-reviewed scoping review on asynchronous telehealth was previously published on an open, publicly available wiki. Log file analysis, user questionnaires and content analysis were used to collect descriptive and evaluative data on the use of the site from 9 June 2009 to 10 April 2010. Blog postings from referring sites were also analyzed. Results During the 10-month study period, there were a total of 1222 visits to the site, 3996 page views and 875 unique visitors from around the globe. Five unique visitors (0.6% of the total number of visitors) submitted a total of 6 contributions to the site: 3 contributions were made to the article itself, and 3 to the discussion pages. None of the contributions enhanced the evidence base of the scoping review. The commentary about the project in the blogosphere was positive, tempered with some skepticism. Interpretations Despite the fact that wikis provide an easy-to-use, free and powerful means to edit information, fewer than 1% of visitors contributed content to the wiki. These results may be a function of limited interest in the topic area, the review methodology itself, lack of familiarity with the wiki, and the incentive structure of academic publishing. Controversial and timely topics in addition to incentives and organizational support for Web 2.0 impact metrics might motivate greater participation in online collaborative efforts to keep scientific knowledge up to date. PMID:22567076

  8. Mining biological pathways using WikiPathways web services.

    PubMed

    Kelder, Thomas; Pico, Alexander R; Hanspers, Kristina; van Iersel, Martijn P; Evelo, Chris; Conklin, Bruce R

    2009-01-01

    WikiPathways is a platform for creating, updating, and sharing biological pathways [1]. Pathways can be edited and downloaded using the wiki-style website. Here we present a SOAP web service that provides programmatic access to WikiPathways that is complementary to the website. We describe the functionality that this web service offers and discuss several use cases in detail. Exposing WikiPathways through a web service opens up new ways of utilizing pathway information and assisting the community curation process. PMID:19649250

  9. Mining Biological Pathways Using WikiPathways Web Services

    PubMed Central

    Hanspers, Kristina; van Iersel, Martijn P.; Evelo, Chris; Conklin, Bruce R.

    2009-01-01

    WikiPathways is a platform for creating, updating, and sharing biological pathways [1]. Pathways can be edited and downloaded using the wiki-style website. Here we present a SOAP web service that provides programmatic access to WikiPathways that is complementary to the website. We describe the functionality that this web service offers and discuss several use cases in detail. Exposing WikiPathways through a web service opens up new ways of utilizing pathway information and assisting the community curation process. PMID:19649250

  10. A Wiki Based CT Protocol Management System.

    PubMed

    Szczykutowicz, Timothy P; Rubert, Nicholas; Belden, Daryn; Ciano, Amanda; Duplissis, Andrew; Hermanns, Ashley; Monette, Stephen; Saldivar, Elliott Janssen

    2015-01-01

    At the University of Wisconsin Madison Department of Radiology, CT protocol management requires maintenance of thousands of parameters for each scanner. Managing CT protocols is further complicated by the unique configurability of each scanner. Due to recent Joint Commission requirements, now all CT protocol changes must be documented and reviewed by a site's CT protocol optimization team. The difficulty of managing the CT protocols was not in assembling the protocols, but in managing and implementing changes. This is why a wiki based solution for protocol management was implemented. A wiki inherently keeps track of all changes, logging who made the changes and when, allowing for editing and viewing permissions to be controlled, as well as allowing protocol changes to be instantly relayed to all scanner locations. PMID:26710573

  11. VuWiki: An Ontology-Based Semantic Wiki for Vulnerability Assessments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khazai, Bijan; Kunz-Plapp, Tina; Büscher, Christian; Wegner, Antje

    2014-05-01

    The concept of vulnerability, as well as its implementation in vulnerability assessments, is used in various disciplines and contexts ranging from disaster management and reduction to ecology, public health or climate change and adaptation, and a corresponding multitude of ideas about how to conceptualize and measure vulnerability exists. Three decades of research in vulnerability have generated a complex and growing body of knowledge that challenges newcomers, practitioners and even experienced researchers. To provide a structured representation of the knowledge field "vulnerability assessment", we have set up an ontology-based semantic wiki for reviewing and representing vulnerability assessments: VuWiki, www.vuwiki.org. Based on a survey of 55 vulnerability assessment studies, we first developed an ontology as an explicit reference system for describing vulnerability assessments. We developed the ontology in a theoretically controlled manner based on general systems theory and guided by principles for ontology development in the field of earth and environment (Raskin and Pan 2005). Four key questions form the first level "branches" or categories of the developed ontology: (1) Vulnerability of what? (2) Vulnerability to what? (3) What reference framework was used in the vulnerability assessment?, and (4) What methodological approach was used in the vulnerability assessment? These questions correspond to the basic, abstract structure of the knowledge domain of vulnerability assessments and have been deduced from theories and concepts of various disciplines. The ontology was then implemented in a semantic wiki which allows for the classification and annotation of vulnerability assessments. As a semantic wiki, VuWiki does not aim at "synthesizing" a holistic and overarching model of vulnerability. Instead, it provides both scientists and practitioners with a uniform ontology as a reference system and offers easy and structured access to the knowledge field of vulnerability assessments with the possibility for any user to retrieve assessments using specific research criteria. Furthermore, Vuwiki can serve as a collaborative knowledge platform that allows for the active participation of those generating and using the knowledge represented in the wiki.

  12. SUBSURFACE PROTECTION AND REMEDIATION DIVISION (HOME PAGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Subsurface Protection and Remediastion Division(SPRD)conducts EPA-investigator led laboratory and field research to provide the scientific basis to support the development of strategies and technologies to protect and restore ground and surface water quality within a watershe...

  13. Removing Mold from Your Home

    MedlinePlus

    ... Find a Place to Stay Main Content Removing Mold From Your Home This page provides information about ... mold cleanup, health hazards and resources. Dealing With Mold and Mildew in Your Flood-Damaged Home After ...

  14. Wikis: A Knowledge Platform for Collaborative Learning in ESL Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiseman, Cynthia S.; Belknap, Joshua P.

    2013-01-01

    Wikis provide an effective technological tool to meet the pedagogical goals outlined in the new TESOL Technology Standards (Healey et al.,2009). A wiki, a cross between a website and a word document, is an interactive webpage that allows students to read, generate, and publish content online in an environment of collaboration. The flexibility and…

  15. Is Wiki an Effective Platform for Group Course Work?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elgort, Irina; Smith, Alastair G.; Toland, Janet

    2008-01-01

    This study reports on students' and lecturers' perceptions of using wikis as a platform for conducting assessed group projects in two postgraduate Master's level university courses. The results highlight the fact that student attitudes to group work, in general, are mixed, and that the use of wikis "per se" is not enough to improve these

  16. Wiki: Using the Web Connections to Connect Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donne, Vicki

    2012-01-01

    The present study reports on action research conducted using a resource wiki. Participants included 48 certified teachers and pre-service teachers enrolled in a face-to-face graduate course supplemented with online activities. Data collected include student reflections that indicate the use of a wiki at the university level is a feasible means of

  17. Attitudinal Factors Affecting Wiki Group Collaboration for English Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chwen Jen; Chuah, Kee Man; Tho, Jimmy; Teh, Chee Siong

    2015-01-01

    Wikis, being one of the popular Web 2.0 tools, have impacted students' engagement and performance particularly in the aspects of second and foreign language learning. While an increasing number of studies have focused on the effectiveness of wiki in improving students' writing skills, this study was conducted to examine the attitudinal factors

  18. The Role of Wiki Writing in Learning Spanish Grammar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castaeda, Daniel A.; Cho, Moon-Heum

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which wiki writing improves college students' grammatical knowledge in Spanish as a second language (L2). Fifty-three students participated in the study for three consecutive semesters. Pre- and posttest results show that wiki writing was helpful in improving their grammatical

  19. Wikis: A Knowledge Platform for Collaborative Learning in ESL Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiseman, Cynthia S.; Belknap, Joshua P.

    2013-01-01

    Wikis provide an effective technological tool to meet the pedagogical goals outlined in the new TESOL Technology Standards (Healey et al.,2009). A wiki, a cross between a website and a word document, is an interactive webpage that allows students to read, generate, and publish content online in an environment of collaboration. The flexibility and

  20. Attitudinal Factors Affecting Wiki Group Collaboration for English Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chwen Jen; Chuah, Kee Man; Tho, Jimmy; Teh, Chee Siong

    2015-01-01

    Wikis, being one of the popular Web 2.0 tools, have impacted students' engagement and performance particularly in the aspects of second and foreign language learning. While an increasing number of studies have focused on the effectiveness of wiki in improving students' writing skills, this study was conducted to examine the attitudinal factors…

  1. The Role of Wiki Writing in Learning Spanish Grammar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castañeda, Daniel A.; Cho, Moon-Heum

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which wiki writing improves college students' grammatical knowledge in Spanish as a second language (L2). Fifty-three students participated in the study for three consecutive semesters. Pre- and posttest results show that wiki writing was helpful in improving their grammatical…

  2. Application of Wikis with Scaffolding Structure in Laboratory Reporting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ge, Changfeng

    2012-01-01

    This work demonstrates how a Wiki can be mapped into different learning stages during group-based lab reporting via an adequate scaffolding structure. The scaffolding structure of the Wiki-based group report is comprised of six constructs in sequence: Appendix, Methods, Results, Analysis, Introduction and Conclusion. The scaffolding structure was…

  3. Wikis to Support the "Collaborative" Part of Collaborative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larusson, Johann Ari; Alterman, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Prior research has highlighted the value of using wikis to support learning. This paper makes the case that the wiki has several properties that are particularly amenable for constructing applications that support the "collaborative" part of a variety and range of different time/different place student collaborations. In support of the argument,…

  4. Using Wikis for Online Group Projects: Student and Tutor Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kear, Karen; Donelan, Helen; Williams, Judith

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a study of the use of wikis to support online group projects in two courses at the UK Open University. The research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a wiki in supporting (i) student collaboration and (ii) tutors' marking of the students' collaborative work. The paper uses the main factors previously…

  5. Evaluating the Use of a Wiki for Collaborative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Su, Feng; Beaumont, Chris

    2010-01-01

    A wiki is able to provide a learning environment which is closely aligned with the social-constructivist approach and is more natural than many tools where open collaboration and the exchange of ideas are important. This case study analyses and evaluates essential aspects for the successful deployment of a wiki in a higher education setting using…

  6. Cooperative Learning at a Distance: An Experiment with Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Katherine; Ellingson, Dee Ann

    2010-01-01

    The merits of incorporating group work into learning environments are well established. Online classes and other distance learning settings, however, can make it challenging to introduce traditional group projects. Wikis use technology to facilitate group work in distance learning settings. Wikis allow individuals in different locations to…

  7. Wiki Use that Increases Communication and Collaboration Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Robyn

    2012-01-01

    Communication and collaboration can be readily enabled by the use of many ICT tools. A wiki, which is an easily accessible and editable website, is one such platform that provides the opportunity for students to work on group projects without the barriers that arise from traditional group work. Whilst wiki use is becoming more common, its use in…

  8. "Wiki-Ed Poetry": Transforming Preservice Teachers' Preconceptions about Poetry and Poetry Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Janette; Dymoke, Sue

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses specifically on teacher candidates' preconceptions about poetry and poetry teaching and how these preconceptions shift as they work through various tasks on a wiki. Through an analysis of their definitions of poetry and ideas about poetry pedagogy captured in online discussion, survey, and interview responses, the authors…

  9. RiceWiki: a wiki-based database for community curation of rice genes

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Zhang; Sang, Jian; Ma, Lina; Wu, Gang; Wu, Hao; Huang, Dawei; Zou, Dong; Liu, Siqi; Li, Ang; Hao, Lili; Tian, Ming; Xu, Chao; Wang, Xumin; Wu, Jiayan; Xiao, Jingfa; Dai, Lin; Chen, Ling-Ling; Hu, Songnian; Yu, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Rice is the most important staple food for a large part of the worlds human population and also a key model organism for biological studies of crops as well as other related plants. Here we present RiceWiki (http://ricewiki.big.ac.cn), a wiki-based, publicly editable and open-content platform for community curation of rice genes. Most existing related biological databases are based on expert curation; with the exponentially exploding volume of rice knowledge and other relevant data, however, expert curation becomes increasingly laborious and time-consuming to keep knowledge up-to-date, accurate and comprehensive, struggling with the flood of data and requiring a large number of people getting involved in rice knowledge curation. Unlike extant relevant databases, RiceWiki features harnessing collective intelligence in community curation of rice genes, quantifying users' contributions in each curated gene and providing explicit authorship for each contributor in any given gene, with the aim to exploit the full potential of the scientific community for rice knowledge curation. Based on community curation, RiceWiki bears the potential to make it possible to build a rice encyclopedia by and for the scientific community that harnesses community intelligence for collaborative knowledge curation, covers all aspects of biological knowledge and keeps evolving with novel knowledge. PMID:24136999

  10. RiceWiki: a wiki-based database for community curation of rice genes.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhang; Sang, Jian; Ma, Lina; Wu, Gang; Wu, Hao; Huang, Dawei; Zou, Dong; Liu, Siqi; Li, Ang; Hao, Lili; Tian, Ming; Xu, Chao; Wang, Xumin; Wu, Jiayan; Xiao, Jingfa; Dai, Lin; Chen, Ling-Ling; Hu, Songnian; Yu, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Rice is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population and also a key model organism for biological studies of crops as well as other related plants. Here we present RiceWiki (http://ricewiki.big.ac.cn), a wiki-based, publicly editable and open-content platform for community curation of rice genes. Most existing related biological databases are based on expert curation; with the exponentially exploding volume of rice knowledge and other relevant data, however, expert curation becomes increasingly laborious and time-consuming to keep knowledge up-to-date, accurate and comprehensive, struggling with the flood of data and requiring a large number of people getting involved in rice knowledge curation. Unlike extant relevant databases, RiceWiki features harnessing collective intelligence in community curation of rice genes, quantifying users' contributions in each curated gene and providing explicit authorship for each contributor in any given gene, with the aim to exploit the full potential of the scientific community for rice knowledge curation. Based on community curation, RiceWiki bears the potential to make it possible to build a rice encyclopedia by and for the scientific community that harnesses community intelligence for collaborative knowledge curation, covers all aspects of biological knowledge and keeps evolving with novel knowledge. PMID:24136999

  11. The impact of group membership on collaborative learning with wikis.

    PubMed

    Matschke, Christina; Moskaliuk, Johannes; Kimmerle, Joachim

    2013-02-01

    The social web stimulates learning through collaboration. However, information in the social web is often associated with information about its author. Based on previous evidence that ingroup information is preferred to outgroup information, the current research investigates whether group memberships of wiki authors affect learning. In an experimental study, we manipulated the group memberships (ingroup vs. outgroup) of wiki authors by using nicknames. The designated group memberships (being fans of a soccer team or not) were completely irrelevant for the domain of the wiki (the medical disorder fibromyalgia). Nevertheless, wiki information from the ingroup led to more integration of information into prior knowledge as well as more increase of factual knowledge than information from the outgroup. The results demonstrate that individuals apply social selection strategies when considering information from wikis, which may foster, but also hinder, learning and collaboration. Practical implications for collaborative learning in the social web are discussed. PMID:23113690

  12. The Impact of Group Membership on Collaborative Learning with Wikis

    PubMed Central

    Matschke, Christina; Moskaliuk, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The social web stimulates learning through collaboration. However, information in the social web is often associated with information about its author. Based on previous evidence that ingroup information is preferred to outgroup information, the current research investigates whether group memberships of wiki authors affect learning. In an experimental study, we manipulated the group memberships (ingroup vs. outgroup) of wiki authors by using nicknames. The designated group memberships (being fans of a soccer team or not) were completely irrelevant for the domain of the wiki (the medical disorder fibromyalgia). Nevertheless, wiki information from the ingroup led to more integration of information into prior knowledge as well as more increase of factual knowledge than information from the outgroup. The results demonstrate that individuals apply social selection strategies when considering information from wikis, which may foster, but also hinder, learning and collaboration. Practical implications for collaborative learning in the social web are discussed. PMID:23113690

  13. Wetlands and Web Pages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tisone-Bartels, Dede

    1998-01-01

    Argues that the preservation of areas like the Shoreline Park (California) wetlands depends on educating students about the value of natural resources. Describes the creation of a Web page on the wetlands for third-grade students by seventh-grade art and ecology students. Outlines the technical process of developing a Web page. (DSK)

  14. NASA Human Research Wiki - An Online Collaboration Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barr, Y. R.; Rasbury, J.; Johnson, J.; Barsten, K.; Saile, L.; Watkins, S. D.

    2011-01-01

    In preparation for exploration-class missions, the Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element of NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) has compiled a large evidence base, which previously was available only to persons within the NASA community. The evidence base is comprised of several types of data, for example: information on more than 80 medical conditions which could occur during space flight, derived from several sources (including data on incidence and potential outcomes of these medical conditions, as captured in the Integrated Medical Model's Clinical Finding Forms). In addition, approximately 35 gap reports are included in the evidence base, identifying current understanding of the medical challenges for exploration, as well as any gaps in knowledge and/or technology that would need to be addressed in order to provide adequate medical support for these novel missions. In an effort to make the ExMC information available to the general public and increase collaboration with subject matter experts within and outside of NASA, ExMC has developed an online collaboration tool, very similar to a wiki, titled the NASA Human Research Wiki. The platform chosen for this data sharing, and the potential collaboration it could generate, is a MediaWiki-based application that would house the evidence, allow "read only" access to all visitors to the website, and editorial access to credentialed subject matter experts who have been approved by the Wiki's editorial board. Although traditional wikis allow users to edit information in real time, the NASA Human Research Wiki includes a peer review process to ensure quality and validity of information. The wiki is also intended to be a pathfinder project for other HRP elements that may want to use this type of web-based tool. The wiki website will be released with a subset of the data described and will continue to be populated throughout the year.

  15. The Gene Wiki: community intelligence applied to human gene annotation.

    PubMed

    Huss, Jon W; Lindenbaum, Pierre; Martone, Michael; Roberts, Donabel; Pizarro, Angel; Valafar, Faramarz; Hogenesch, John B; Su, Andrew I

    2010-01-01

    Annotating the function of all human genes is a critical, yet formidable, challenge. Current gene annotation efforts focus on centralized curation resources, but it is increasingly clear that this approach does not scale with the rapid growth of the biomedical literature. The Gene Wiki utilizes an alternative and complementary model based on the principle of community intelligence. Directly integrated within the online encyclopedia, Wikipedia, the goal of this effort is to build a gene-specific review article for every gene in the human genome, where each article is collaboratively written, continuously updated and community reviewed. Previously, we described the creation of Gene Wiki 'stubs' for approximately 9000 human genes. Here, we describe ongoing systematic improvements to these articles to increase their utility. Moreover, we retrospectively examine the community usage and improvement of the Gene Wiki, providing evidence of a critical mass of users and editors. Gene Wiki articles are freely accessible within the Wikipedia web site, and additional links and information are available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Gene_Wiki. PMID:19755503

  16. Harnessing the web information ecosystem with wiki-based visualization dashboards.

    PubMed

    McKeon, Matt

    2009-01-01

    We describe the design and deployment of Dashiki, a public website where users may collaboratively build visualization dashboards through a combination of a wiki-like syntax and interactive editors. Our goals are to extend existing research on social data analysis into presentation and organization of data from multiple sources, explore new metaphors for these activities, and participate more fully in the web!s information ecology by providing tighter integration with real-time data. To support these goals, our design includes novel and low-barrier mechanisms for editing and layout of dashboard pages and visualizations, connection to data sources, and coordinating interaction between visualizations. In addition to describing these technologies, we provide a preliminary report on the public launch of a prototype based on this design, including a description of the activities of our users derived from observation and interviews. PMID:19834175

  17. Sleep Apnea Information Page

    MedlinePlus

    ... Awards Enhancing Diversity Find People About NINDS NINDS Sleep Apnea Information Page Table of Contents (click to ... en Español Additional resources from MedlinePlus What is Sleep Apnea? Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder ...

  18. Making Pages That Move.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gepner, Ivan

    2001-01-01

    Explains the mechanism of producing dynamic computer pages which is based on three technologies: (1) the document object model; (2) cascading stylesheets; and (3) javascript. Discusses the applications of these techniques in genetics and developmental biology. (YDS)

  19. Utilizing semantic Wiki technology for intelligence analysis at the tactical edge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Little, Eric

    2014-05-01

    Challenges exist for intelligence analysts to efficiently and accurately process large amounts of data collected from a myriad of available data sources. These challenges are even more evident for analysts who must operate within small military units at the tactical edge. In such environments, decisions must be made quickly without guaranteed access to the kinds of large-scale data sources available to analysts working at intelligence agencies. Improved technologies must be provided to analysts at the tactical edge to make informed, reliable decisions, since this is often a critical collection point for important intelligence data. To aid tactical edge users, new types of intelligent, automated technology interfaces are required to allow them to rapidly explore information associated with the intersection of hard and soft data fusion, such as multi-INT signals, semantic models, social network data, and natural language processing of text. Abilities to fuse these types of data is paramount to providing decision superiority. For these types of applications, we have developed BLADE. BLADE allows users to dynamically add, delete and link data via a semantic wiki, allowing for improved interaction between different users. Analysts can see information updates in near-real-time due to a common underlying set of semantic models operating within a triple store that allows for updates on related data points from independent users tracking different items (persons, events, locations, organizations, etc.). The wiki can capture pictures, videos and related information. New information added directly to pages is automatically updated in the triple store and its provenance and pedigree is tracked over time, making that data more trustworthy and easily integrated with other users' pages.

  20. The Molecule Pages database

    PubMed Central

    Saunders, Brian; Lyon, Stephen; Day, Matthew; Riley, Brenda; Chenette, Emily; Subramaniam, Shankar

    2008-01-01

    The UCSD-Nature Signaling Gateway Molecule Pages (http://www.signaling-gateway.org/molecule) provides essential information on more than 3800 mammalian proteins involved in cellular signaling. The Molecule Pages contain expert-authored and peer-reviewed information based on the published literature, complemented by regularly updated information derived from public data source references and sequence analysis. The expert-authored data includes both a full-text review about the molecule, with citations, and highly structured data for bioinformatics interrogation, including information on protein interactions and states, transitions between states and protein function. The expert-authored pages are anonymously peer reviewed by the Nature Publishing Group. The Molecule Pages data is present in an object-relational database format and is freely accessible to the authors, the reviewers and the public from a web browser that serves as a presentation layer. The Molecule Pages are supported by several applications that along with the database and the interfaces form a multi-tier architecture. The Molecule Pages and the Signaling Gateway are routinely accessed by a very large research community. PMID:17965093

  1. Page turning system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerley, James J. (Inventor); Eklund, Wayne D. (Inventor)

    1992-01-01

    A device for holding reading materials for use by readers without arm mobility is presented. The device is adapted to hold the reading materials in position for reading with the pages displayed to enable turning by use of a rubber tipped stick that is held in the mouth and has a pair of rectangular frames. The frames are for holding and positioning the reading materials opened in reading posture with the pages displayed at a substantially unobstructed sighting position for reading. The pair of rectangular frames are connected to one another by a hinge so the angle between the frames may be varied thereby varying the inclination of the reading material. A pair of bent spring mounted wires for holding opposing pages of the reading material open for reading without substantial visual interference of the pages is mounted to the base. The wires are also adjustable to the thickness of the reading material and have a variable friction adjustment. This enables the force of the wires against the pages to be varied and permits the reader to manipulate the pages with the stick.

  2. AstroBetter: A Blog and Wiki for Professional Astronomers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rigby, Jane

    2011-01-01

    AstroBetter.com is a multi-contributor blog and wiki website designed for information sharing among professional astronomers. The goal of the site is to increase the productivity of astronomers by creating a centralized location for tips and tools of our multifaceted trade. Our content includes topics related to data reduction and analysis, general computing, writing papers and proposals, giving talks, teaching, career planning, productivity, organization, and diversity and equity in science and education. While we have several contributors, the site is intended to be community driven and we encourage everyone to publish to the wiki, submit guest posts, suggest post ideas, and to comment on blog entries. One of our primary goals is to consolidate and reduce the transient nature of the astronomy community's collective knowledge base by having an active wiki. Currently, the most common way to share astro-centric tools and tips that are not appropriate for a published paper, is to put them on an individual's website. However, the average astronomer's website will have at least four different addresses over the course of their career and only the site owner can edit the content. As a result, information on personal websites goes stale very quickly and deal links to such sites abound. It is our hope that community maintained wikis, such as the one hosted on AstroBetter, will gradually replace the personal website. In this poster we introduce the contributors to AstroBetter, show statistics about our current readership, give excerpts of some of our most popular posts and wiki entries, and show how anyone can add or edit content on the wiki. The goal of this poster is to spread the work about AstroBetter and increase our community of readers and wiki editors, because together, we can AstroBetter.

  3. AstroBetter: A Blog and Wiki for Professional Astronomers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruz, Kelle L.; Lu, J.; Rigby, J.; Bressert, E.; Robitaille, T.; Huerta, M.; Dhital, S.

    2011-01-01

    AstroBetter.com is a multi-contributor blog and wiki website designed for information sharing among professional astronomers. The goal of the site is to increase the productivity of astronomers by creating a centralized location for tips and tools of our multifaceted trade. Our content includes topics related to data reduction and analysis, general computing, writing papers and proposals, giving talks, teaching, career planning, productivity, organization, and diversity and equity in science and education. While we have several contributors, the site is intended to be community driven and we encourage everyone to publish to the wiki, submit guest posts, suggest post ideas, and to comment on blog entries. One of our primary goals is to consolidate and reduce the transient nature of the astronomy community's collective knowledge base by having an active wiki. Currently, the most common way to share astro-centric tools and tips that are not appropriate for a published paper, is to put them on an individual's website. However, the average astronomer's website will have at least four different addresses over the course of their career and only the site owner can edit the content. As a result, information on personal websites goes stale very quickly and dead links to such sites abound. It is our hope that community maintained wikis, such as the one hosted on AstroBetter, will gradually replace the personal website. In this poster we introduce the contributors to AstroBetter, show statistics about our current readership, give excerpts of some of our most popular posts and wiki entries, and show how anyone can add or edit content on the wiki. The goal of this poster is to spread the word about AstroBetter and increase our community of readers and wiki editors, because together, we can AstroBetter.

  4. Analysis of Students' Participation Patterns and Learning Presence in a Wiki-Based Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roussinos, Dimitrios; Jimoyiannis, Athanassios

    2013-01-01

    The educational applications of wikis are becoming very popular among instructors and researchers and they have captured their attention and imagination. This paper reports on the investigation of a wiki project designed to support university students' collaborative authoring and learning. The design framework of the wiki-based project is…

  5. Electures-Wiki--Toward Engaging Students to Actively Work with Lecture Recordings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hermann, Christoph; Ottmann, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we present the integration of a Wiki with lecture recordings using a tool called "aofconvert", enabling the students to visually reference lecture recordings in the Wiki at a precise moment in time of the lecture. This tight integration between a Wiki and lecture materials allows the students to elaborate on the topics they learned…

  6. Using a Wiki to Enhance Cooperative Learning in a Real Analysis Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Elisha

    2009-01-01

    This article describes how the author used a wiki-based website in a real analysis course, and assesses its effectiveness. The wiki was used to post course materials, maintain a forum, enable students to write collaborative projects, and enable students to develop a glossary of important terms. The wiki proved to be very successful; it facilitated…

  7. Impacts of MediaWiki on Collaborative Writing among Teacher Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadjerrouit, Said

    2014-01-01

    The very nature of wiki-based collaborative writing around a topic-related content is the interaction of wiki functionality, content, and collaborative learning, and how the functionality is used to create the content collaboratively. This way of looking at wikis provides a theoretical model that helps researchers and educators to identify a

  8. Upgrading to Web 2.0: An Experiential Project to Build a Marketing Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cronin, John J.

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are one of the newest features of Web 2.0. This article describes the implementation of a project in a marketing course in which students created an interactive textbook using wiki software. Several surprises encountered along the way are described, and the unique problem of grading individual contributions to a wiki is discussed. The author

  9. A Framework for Assessing the Pedagogical Effectiveness of Wiki-Based Collaborative Writing: Results and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadjerrouit, Said

    2013-01-01

    Due to the new possibilities they open up for collaborative writing in education, wikis have received much attention the last few years. As a result, teachers have used wikis to achieve various educational purposes, such as wikis for online courses, teacher evaluation, or class project. However, the novelty and popularity of a technology do not

  10. Analysis of Students' Participation Patterns and Learning Presence in a Wiki-Based Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roussinos, Dimitrios; Jimoyiannis, Athanassios

    2013-01-01

    The educational applications of wikis are becoming very popular among instructors and researchers and they have captured their attention and imagination. This paper reports on the investigation of a wiki project designed to support university students' collaborative authoring and learning. The design framework of the wiki-based project is

  11. Evaluating Types of Students' Interactions in a Wiki-Based Collaborative Learning Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prokofieva, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Wiki technology has been promoted as a collaborative software platform. This study investigates interactions that occur in a wiki-based collaborative learning project. The study draws on interaction literature and investigates the types of interactions with which students are engaged in wiki-based group projects, clusters that reflect online

  12. Wikis as Discussion Forums: Exploring Students' Contribution and Their Attention to Form

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nami, Fatemeh; Marandi, S. Susan

    2014-01-01

    The potential of wikis for learning has recently begun to capture the attention of English as a second/foreign language (ESL/EFL) research. While students' collaboration, attention to form, and perceptions of wikis in document mode have been widely addressed in previous research, the educational value of wikis used in thread mode, as

  13. More than Just Wikipedia: Creating a Collaborative Research Library Using a Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munoz, Caroline Lego

    2012-01-01

    Increasingly, wiki technology is being used in education and business settings. Although most students are aware of Wikipedia, many do not understand that a wiki is a malleable platform that has a multitude of uses. Wiki technology is one of many social media tools that students need to not only become familiar with but also be able to effectively

  14. Interacting and Learning Together: Factors Influencing Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Academic Wiki Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Israel, Maya; Moshirnia, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Academic wikis hold promise in supporting preservice teachers' collaborative interactions in online contexts. Nonetheless, little is written in either technology or teacher education literature about facilitating wiki use and instruction within teacher education. This study investigated the use of an academic wiki within a technology teacher

  15. Collaborative Learning with a Wiki: Differences in Perceived Usefulness in Two Contexts of Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naismith, L.; Lee, B.-H.; Pilkington, R. M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the potential of a wiki (FlexWiki) to support collaborative authoring of web resources in authentic coursework by two different sets of education students at different stages of their professional development. Research questions included: (1) how the selected wiki could be blended with curriculum activities and existing

  16. In "Piazza" Online: Exploring the Use of Wikis with Beginner Foreign Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Claire; Miceli, Tiziana

    2013-01-01

    Wikis are increasingly seen as useful tools for promoting active student engagement and collaborative language learning. Unlike most applications of wikis to foreign/second language learning thus far reported on, ours concerns complete beginners. In this paper, we focus on our approach to and evaluation of the integration of wikis into our

  17. Discussing the Factors Contributing to Students' Involvement in an EFL Collaborative Wiki Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hsiao-chien; Wang, Pei-ling

    2013-01-01

    A growing number of researchers have acknowledged the potential for using wikis in online collaborative language learning. While researchers appreciate the wikis platform for engaging students in virtual team work and authentic language learning, many also have recognized the limitations of using wikis to promote student collaboration (Alyousef &

  18. WikiTextbooks: Designing Your Course around a Collaborative Writing Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Brian P.; Thoren, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    We have used wiki technology to support large-scale, collaborative writing projects in which the students build reference texts (called WikiTextbooks). The goal of this paper is to prepare readers to adapt this idea for their own courses. We give examples of the implementation of WikiTextbooks in a variety of courses, including lecture and

  19. Wikis as a Tool for Collaborative Learning: Implications for Literacy, Language Education and Multilingualism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Selami

    2014-01-01

    This study presents a review of the literature concerning the use of wikis as a tool for collaborative learning in the second language acquisition and foreign language learning process, as research on the use of wikis is relatively new. The study first introduces the theoretical background behind the use of wikis in the mentioned processes. Then,…

  20. Interacting and Learning Together: Factors Influencing Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Academic Wiki Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Israel, Maya; Moshirnia, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Academic wikis hold promise in supporting preservice teachers' collaborative interactions in online contexts. Nonetheless, little is written in either technology or teacher education literature about facilitating wiki use and instruction within teacher education. This study investigated the use of an academic wiki within a technology teacher…

  1. Wikis as Discussion Forums: Exploring Students' Contribution and Their Attention to Form

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nami, Fatemeh; Marandi, S. Susan

    2014-01-01

    The potential of wikis for learning has recently begun to capture the attention of English as a second/foreign language (ESL/EFL) research. While students' collaboration, attention to form, and perceptions of wikis in document mode have been widely addressed in previous research, the educational value of wikis used in thread mode, as…

  2. Building a Networked Environment in Wikis: The Evolving Phases of Collaborative Learning in a Wikibook Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Hong; Kelsey, Kathleen D.

    2009-01-01

    Wikis, when used as an open editing tool, can have profound and subtle effects on students' collaborative learning process. Hailed as a collaborative learning and writing tool, many questions remain regarding the pedagogical impacts of using wikis in the classroom. Do students feel comfortable editing each others' wiki articles? Do students learn…

  3. Discussing the Factors Contributing to Students' Involvement in an EFL Collaborative Wiki Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hsiao-chien; Wang, Pei-ling

    2013-01-01

    A growing number of researchers have acknowledged the potential for using wikis in online collaborative language learning. While researchers appreciate the wikis platform for engaging students in virtual team work and authentic language learning, many also have recognized the limitations of using wikis to promote student collaboration (Alyousef &…

  4. More than Just Wikipedia: Creating a Collaborative Research Library Using a Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munoz, Caroline Lego

    2012-01-01

    Increasingly, wiki technology is being used in education and business settings. Although most students are aware of Wikipedia, many do not understand that a wiki is a malleable platform that has a multitude of uses. Wiki technology is one of many social media tools that students need to not only become familiar with but also be able to effectively…

  5. Evaluating Types of Students' Interactions in a Wiki-Based Collaborative Learning Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prokofieva, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Wiki technology has been promoted as a collaborative software platform. This study investigates interactions that occur in a wiki-based collaborative learning project. The study draws on interaction literature and investigates the types of interactions with which students are engaged in wiki-based group projects, clusters that reflect online…

  6. WikiTextbooks: Designing Your Course around a Collaborative Writing Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Brian P.; Thoren, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    We have used wiki technology to support large-scale, collaborative writing projects in which the students build reference texts (called WikiTextbooks). The goal of this paper is to prepare readers to adapt this idea for their own courses. We give examples of the implementation of WikiTextbooks in a variety of courses, including lecture and…

  7. Using Wikis to Foster Collaborative Writing: Exploring Influencing Factors to Successful Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadjerrouit, Said

    2012-01-01

    Wiki technology provides new opportunities to foster collaborative learning in various educational settings. To empirically examine the impact of wikis on learning, this article explores students' collaborative writing activities performed on MediaWiki. The activities were analyzed using a taxonomy with ten categories (clarify content, add…

  8. Cooperative or Collaborative Literacy Practices: Mapping Metadiscourse in a Business Students' Wiki Group Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alyousef, Hesham Suleiman; Picard, Michelle Yvette

    2011-01-01

    Although wikis have been used successfully in collaborative learning in higher education, there is a lack of research investigating wikis in business module assessment tasks. Little research to date has been conducted on how wikis formatively develop international English as a second language (ESL) in business students' academic discourse. In this

  9. Using a Wiki to Scaffold Primary-School Students' Collaborative Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woo, Matsuko; Chu, Samuel; Ho, Andrew; Li, Xuanxi

    2011-01-01

    This small-scale case study explores the challenges and potential benefits of a wiki for students and teachers in a primary-five English-language class in Hong Kong. The study examined how the wiki's key affordances might help in scaffolding students during their collaborative writing projects. The study found that the use of a wiki in a class of…

  10. Using Wikis to Enhance and Develop Writing Skills among Secondary School Students in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mak, Barley; Coniam, David

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates authentic writing through the use of wikis by Year 7 ESL learners in a secondary school in Hong Kong. The wikis were used as a collaborative writing platform to produce--with minimal input and support from their teachers--wiki content that describes the different facilities and features of their school. Over a period of two…

  11. Cooperative or Collaborative Literacy Practices: Mapping Metadiscourse in a Business Students' Wiki Group Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alyousef, Hesham Suleiman; Picard, Michelle Yvette

    2011-01-01

    Although wikis have been used successfully in collaborative learning in higher education, there is a lack of research investigating wikis in business module assessment tasks. Little research to date has been conducted on how wikis formatively develop international English as a second language (ESL) in business students' academic discourse. In this…

  12. Upgrading to Web 2.0: An Experiential Project to Build a Marketing Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cronin, John J.

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are one of the newest features of Web 2.0. This article describes the implementation of a project in a marketing course in which students created an interactive textbook using wiki software. Several surprises encountered along the way are described, and the unique problem of grading individual contributions to a wiki is discussed. The author…

  13. Using a Wiki to Enhance Cooperative Learning in a Real Analysis Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Elisha

    2009-01-01

    This article describes how the author used a wiki-based website in a real analysis course, and assesses its effectiveness. The wiki was used to post course materials, maintain a forum, enable students to write collaborative projects, and enable students to develop a glossary of important terms. The wiki proved to be very successful; it facilitated

  14. Wiki Surveys: Open and Quantifiable Social Data Collection

    PubMed Central

    Salganik, Matthew J.; Levy, Karen E. C.

    2015-01-01

    In the social sciences, there is a longstanding tension between data collection methods that facilitate quantification and those that are open to unanticipated information. Advances in technology now enable new, hybrid methods that combine some of the benefits of both approaches. Drawing inspiration from online information aggregation systems like Wikipedia and from traditional survey research, we propose a new class of research instruments called wiki surveys. Just as Wikipedia evolves over time based on contributions from participants, we envision an evolving survey driven by contributions from respondents. We develop three general principles that underlie wiki surveys: they should be greedy, collaborative, and adaptive. Building on these principles, we develop methods for data collection and data analysis for one type of wiki survey, a pairwise wiki survey. Using two proof-of-concept case studies involving our free and open-source website www.allourideas.org, we show that pairwise wiki surveys can yield insights that would be difficult to obtain with other methods. PMID:25992565

  15. Wiki surveys: open and quantifiable social data collection.

    PubMed

    Salganik, Matthew J; Levy, Karen E C

    2015-01-01

    In the social sciences, there is a longstanding tension between data collection methods that facilitate quantification and those that are open to unanticipated information. Advances in technology now enable new, hybrid methods that combine some of the benefits of both approaches. Drawing inspiration from online information aggregation systems like Wikipedia and from traditional survey research, we propose a new class of research instruments called wiki surveys. Just as Wikipedia evolves over time based on contributions from participants, we envision an evolving survey driven by contributions from respondents. We develop three general principles that underlie wiki surveys: they should be greedy, collaborative, and adaptive. Building on these principles, we develop methods for data collection and data analysis for one type of wiki survey, a pairwise wiki survey. Using two proof-of-concept case studies involving our free and open-source website www.allourideas.org, we show that pairwise wiki surveys can yield insights that would be difficult to obtain with other methods. PMID:25992565

  16. A microprocessor controlled page turner.

    PubMed

    Officer, T M

    1991-01-01

    The Page-A-R.A.M.A. (Remote Automated Manuscript Advance) was designed and constructed to turn a single page of a standard sized book. The design is intended to fulfill the needs of a handicapped user who cannot turn the pages of a book. The user starts the procedure by triggering a switch, that produces a TURN PAGE command. After a TURN PAGE command has been indicated, a DC gearmotor turns a page through a driver arm and suction device. When the page is attached to the arm, the gearmotor reverses, and lifts the page from the book. When the page reaches a certain height, a blower is activated and the suction device is detached from the page, allowing the page to be turned to the other side of the book. The above process is controlled by a Motorola 68HC11 microprocessor. Since this will be a single unit production the microprocessor evaluation board, MC68HC11EVB, was used. Construction of the Page-A-R.A.M.A. is not fully completed. The initial testing shows that the suction/blower device does turn pages. A problem exists because of static electricity between the book pages, causing the suction device to pick up more than one page at a time. A possible solution for the problem is treating the book by chemical means to eliminate the static electricity. Further testing and refinements will be performed on the Page-A-R.A.M.A. PMID:1829643

  17. Photorefractive page composer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Verber, C. M.

    1976-01-01

    Optical information-storage device is small, easy to operate, and has low optical losses. Device utilizes optical system in which storage medium, a plate of photosensitive material, changes its refractive index upon exposure to light. Major design feature is that page-composer plate does not require complete erasure between scans.

  18. Handley Page metal construction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1929-01-01

    In this report Handley Page construction techniques are shown such as: solid-drawn tubular duralumin spars are used in the stabilizer; plain channel sections are used extensively for minor components; and the manner of assembling them into a stabilizer compression strut is shown.

  19. Wikis, blogs and podcasts: a new generation of Web-based tools for virtual collaborative clinical practice and education

    PubMed Central

    Boulos, Maged N Kamel; Maramba, Inocencio; Wheeler, Steve

    2006-01-01

    Background We have witnessed a rapid increase in the use of Web-based 'collaborationware' in recent years. These Web 2.0 applications, particularly wikis, blogs and podcasts, have been increasingly adopted by many online health-related professional and educational services. Because of their ease of use and rapidity of deployment, they offer the opportunity for powerful information sharing and ease of collaboration. Wikis are Web sites that can be edited by anyone who has access to them. The word 'blog' is a contraction of 'Web Log' – an online Web journal that can offer a resource rich multimedia environment. Podcasts are repositories of audio and video materials that can be "pushed" to subscribers, even without user intervention. These audio and video files can be downloaded to portable media players that can be taken anywhere, providing the potential for "anytime, anywhere" learning experiences (mobile learning). Discussion Wikis, blogs and podcasts are all relatively easy to use, which partly accounts for their proliferation. The fact that there are many free and Open Source versions of these tools may also be responsible for their explosive growth. Thus it would be relatively easy to implement any or all within a Health Professions' Educational Environment. Paradoxically, some of their disadvantages also relate to their openness and ease of use. With virtually anybody able to alter, edit or otherwise contribute to the collaborative Web pages, it can be problematic to gauge the reliability and accuracy of such resources. While arguably, the very process of collaboration leads to a Darwinian type 'survival of the fittest' content within a Web page, the veracity of these resources can be assured through careful monitoring, moderation, and operation of the collaborationware in a closed and secure digital environment. Empirical research is still needed to build our pedagogic evidence base about the different aspects of these tools in the context of medical/health education. Summary and conclusion If effectively deployed, wikis, blogs and podcasts could offer a way to enhance students', clinicians' and patients' learning experiences, and deepen levels of learners' engagement and collaboration within digital learning environments. Therefore, research should be conducted to determine the best ways to integrate these tools into existing e-Learning programmes for students, health professionals and patients, taking into account the different, but also overlapping, needs of these three audience classes and the opportunities of virtual collaboration between them. Of particular importance is research into novel integrative applications, to serve as the "glue" to bind the different forms of Web-based collaborationware synergistically in order to provide a coherent wholesome learning experience. PMID:16911779

  20. Using blogs and wikis in a graduate public health course.

    PubMed

    Cobus, Laura

    2009-01-01

    Blogs and wikis are examples of Web 2.0 technology that facilitate collaboration in the online world. In the health sciences, the emergence of these social tools potentially increases the risk of generating harmful or biased information. Therefore, it is the health professional's responsibility to have the skills to critically appraise Web content that has not undergone traditional peer review. This was the focus in a three-credit graduate Urban Public Health course taught by a librarian and was addressed with assignments using blog and wiki technology within the course management tool Blackboard. The assignments fostered comprehension of the issues surrounding blogs and wikis as they relate to public health. PMID:19197741

  1. Do Training, Complexity and Critical Mass Affect Wiki Adoption?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasquez, Mauricio

    2010-01-01

    Wikis have been gaining attention in the academic literature, suggesting their use as knowledge repositories in organizational environments and even as collaborative tools for reviewing scholar publications. And yet, little is known about factors that foster or discourage adoption of this technology. Taking elements from similar artifacts such as

  2. Pedagogical Significance of Wikis: Towards Gaining Effective Learning Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewege, Chandana Rathnasiri; Perera, Liyanage Chamila Roshani

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effectiveness and pedagogical implications of integrating wikis into the curriculum and the subsequent learning outcomes of a group of Net-Gens who enrolled in an International Marketing course. The research problem of the study is: "What are the learning outcomes and pedagogical implications…

  3. From Socrates to Wikis: Using Online Forums to Deepen Discussions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koopman, Beverly Logas

    2011-01-01

    The author, an elementary teacher, used an online message board and wikis to engage students in literature discussions and to deepen their understanding of and interest in the books they were reading. Her students were much more motivated to read and discuss books using the online tools.

  4. Wikis and Academic Writing: Changing the Writer-Reader Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuteeva, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The development of information and communication technologies has resulted in the emergence of new kinds of academic genres and literacies. The more recent social web applications empower learners to create online content in a collaborative way. This paper focuses on the use of wikis in the course of Effective Communication in English. It aims to

  5. The Wiki as a Time-Saving Mentoring Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinsey, Joanne; Carleo, Jenny; O'Neill, Barbara; Polanin, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    An important step in the acculturation of new Extension professionals is a mentoring process that includes the input of experienced Extension colleagues. The wiki is a technology tool that can be useful by providing an online venue for Mentor Team communication and a place to share articles, curricula, and other critical tenure documents. This

  6. Peer Evaluation in Chemical Engineering Capstone Design via Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heldt, Caryn L.

    2012-01-01

    Inter-group peer evaluation through wikis was implemented as a method for senior capstone design teams to improve writing and the critical evaluation of data. Each group was evaluated by peers using a qualitative discussion and evaluated quantitatively by instructors. Students had an increased interest in contributing to online knowledge centers,

  7. Pedagogical Significance of Wikis: Towards Gaining Effective Learning Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewege, Chandana Rathnasiri; Perera, Liyanage Chamila Roshani

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effectiveness and pedagogical implications of integrating wikis into the curriculum and the subsequent learning outcomes of a group of Net-Gens who enrolled in an International Marketing course. The research problem of the study is: "What are the learning outcomes and pedagogical implications

  8. Can Facebook or Wikis Hook Learners Instead of the Schoolbook?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brahmi, Fakhreddine

    2016-01-01

    In this paper I will report on a personal experimentation with Facebook and wikis as collaborative learning tools. The aims of implementing these strategies were to develop students' writing skills and to change their attitudes towards learning in the digital age. I delved into this research because I do believe that learning in the new millennium…

  9. From Forums to Wikis: Perspectives on Tools for Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kear, Karen; Woodthorpe, John; Robertson, Sandy; Hutchison, Mike

    2010-01-01

    Web 2.0 communication tools have considerable promise for supporting collaborative learning. But there is a need for research examining learners' and teachers' experiences of the newer communication tools, such as wikis, in comparison with well-established tools, such as discussion forums. This paper reports on an initiative where distance…

  10. Wikis for Building Content Knowledge in the Foreign Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellet, Stephanie H.

    2012-01-01

    Most pedagogical applications of wikis in foreign language education draw on this collaborative tool to improve (formal) writing skills or to develop target language cultural sensitivity, missing largely on the opportunity to support student-developed L2 content knowledge. Seeking an alternative to traditional teacher-centered approaches, this…

  11. Copyright and Collaborative Spaces: Open Licensing and Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Botterbusch, Hope R.; Parker, Preston

    2008-01-01

    As recently as ten years ago, it may have seemed like science fiction to imagine collaborative spaces on the Internet. Today, collaborative websites have proliferated: (1) blogs; (2) social networking; (3) image sharing; (4) video sharing; (5) open educational resources; and (6) popularity websites. Another type is called a wiki, an online…

  12. The Wiki as a Time-Saving Mentoring Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinsey, Joanne; Carleo, Jenny; O'Neill, Barbara; Polanin, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    An important step in the acculturation of new Extension professionals is a mentoring process that includes the input of experienced Extension colleagues. The wiki is a technology tool that can be useful by providing an online venue for Mentor Team communication and a place to share articles, curricula, and other critical tenure documents. This…

  13. Wikis for Building Content Knowledge in the Foreign Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellet, Stephanie H.

    2012-01-01

    Most pedagogical applications of wikis in foreign language education draw on this collaborative tool to improve (formal) writing skills or to develop target language cultural sensitivity, missing largely on the opportunity to support student-developed L2 content knowledge. Seeking an alternative to traditional teacher-centered approaches, this

  14. Stop Reinventing the Wheel: Using Wikis for Professional Knowledge Sharing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deitering, Anne-Marie; Bridgewater, Rachel

    2007-01-01

    This article details the development of the Library Instruction Wiki (http://instructionwiki.org): an effort to develop a web-based, knowledge-sharing resource. Though some library instruction is specific to a given institution or class, much of what instruction librarians teach is similar. Library instructors have repeatedly expressed the desire

  15. Exploring Collaborative Writing in Wikis: A Genre-Based Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coccetta, Francesca

    2015-01-01

    While CALL research into collaborative writing in the L2 using wikis has mainly focused on the texts written by learners in terms of their grammatical accuracy (e.g. Mak & Coniam, 2008; Lee, 2010), the purpose of the present study is to draw attention to these texts as instances of a given genre. It reports on a small-scale experiment…

  16. Stop Reinventing the Wheel: Using Wikis for Professional Knowledge Sharing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deitering, Anne-Marie; Bridgewater, Rachel

    2007-01-01

    This article details the development of the Library Instruction Wiki (http://instructionwiki.org): an effort to develop a web-based, knowledge-sharing resource. Though some library instruction is specific to a given institution or class, much of what instruction librarians teach is similar. Library instructors have repeatedly expressed the desire…

  17. Using Document Design to Create and Maintain Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Thomas; Stewart, Jeffrey

    2010-01-01

    As organizations strive to succeed in an increasingly competitive international environment, they are recognizing the importance of maximizing intellectual capital, the collective knowledge that resides within their companies. More and more businesses are turning to wikis, sites where content is collectively edited by users, to maximize the

  18. Group Projects in Chemical Engineering Using a Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heys, Jeffrey J.

    2008-01-01

    Group projects are common in undergraduate chemical engineering course. Wikis are a new medium for group projects because they are Webpages that are edited using the same software used to view the Webpage. Advantages include the ability to record changes made by each individual (helpful for grading), ability to continuously monitor progress, and a…

  19. Wiki-based Data Management System for Toxicogenomics

    EPA Science Inventory

    We are developing a data management system to enable systems-based toxicology at the US EPA. This is built upon the WikiLIMS platform and is capabale of housing not just genomics data but also a wide variety of toxicology data and associated experimental design information. Thi...

  20. Assisting Instructional Assessment of Undergraduate Collaborative Wiki and SVN Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jihie; Shaw, Erin; Xu, Hao; Adarsh, G. V.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we examine the collaborative performance of undergraduate engineering students who used shared project documents (Wikis, Google documents) and a software version control system (SVN) to support project collaboration. We present an initial implementation of TeamAnalytics, an instructional tool that facilitates the analyses of the…

  1. Distributed Scaffolding: Wiki Collaboration among Latino High School Chemistry Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Sullivan, Edwin Duncan, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate if wiki collaboration among Latino high school chemistry students can help reduce the science achievement gap between Latino and White students. The study was a quasi-experimental pre/post control group mixed-methods design. It used three intact sections of a high school chemistry course. The first

  2. Using Document Design to Create and Maintain Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Thomas; Stewart, Jeffrey

    2010-01-01

    As organizations strive to succeed in an increasingly competitive international environment, they are recognizing the importance of maximizing intellectual capital, the collective knowledge that resides within their companies. More and more businesses are turning to wikis, sites where content is collectively edited by users, to maximize the…

  3. Peer Evaluation in Chemical Engineering Capstone Design via Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heldt, Caryn L.

    2012-01-01

    Inter-group peer evaluation through wikis was implemented as a method for senior capstone design teams to improve writing and the critical evaluation of data. Each group was evaluated by peers using a qualitative discussion and evaluated quantitatively by instructors. Students had an increased interest in contributing to online knowledge centers,…

  4. The RNA WikiProject: community annotation of RNA families.

    PubMed

    Daub, Jennifer; Gardner, Paul P; Tate, John; Ramsköld, Daniel; Manske, Magnus; Scott, William G; Weinberg, Zasha; Griffiths-Jones, Sam; Bateman, Alex

    2008-12-01

    The online encyclopedia Wikipedia has become one of the most important online references in the world and has a substantial and growing scientific content. A search of Google with many RNA-related keywords identifies a Wikipedia article as the top hit. We believe that the RNA community has an important and timely opportunity to maximize the content and quality of RNA information in Wikipedia. To this end, we have formed the RNA WikiProject (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_RNA) as part of the larger Molecular and Cellular Biology WikiProject. We have created over 600 new Wikipedia articles describing families of noncoding RNAs based on the Rfam database, and invite the community to update, edit, and correct these articles. The Rfam database now redistributes this Wikipedia content as the primary textual annotation of its RNA families. Users can, therefore, for the first time, directly edit the content of one of the major RNA databases. We believe that this Wikipedia/Rfam link acts as a functioning model for incorporating community annotation into molecular biology databases. PMID:18945806

  5. Blended Learning Using Role-Plays, Wikis and Blogs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruyters, Michele; Douglas, Kathy; Law, Siew Fang

    2011-01-01

    Student learning about legal skills in legal education is increasingly seen as important. These legal skills include advocacy and negotiation. These skills are often taught through role-play. This article discusses the combination of role-plays with online tools, including wikis and blogs, to assist students to master legal skills. The article…

  6. Distributed Scaffolding: Wiki Collaboration among Latino High School Chemistry Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Sullivan, Edwin Duncan, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate if wiki collaboration among Latino high school chemistry students can help reduce the science achievement gap between Latino and White students. The study was a quasi-experimental pre/post control group mixed-methods design. It used three intact sections of a high school chemistry course. The first…

  7. Creating a Facebook Page for the Seismological Society of America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newman, S. B.

    2009-12-01

    In August, 2009 I created a Facebook “fan” page for the Seismological Society of America. We had been exploring cost-effective options for providing forums for two-way communication for some months. We knew that a number of larger technical societies had invested significant sums of money to create customized social networking sites but that a small society would need to use existing low-cost software options. The first thing I discovered when I began to set up the fan page was that an unofficial SSA Facebook group already existed, established by Steven J. Gibbons, a member in Norway. Steven had done an excellent job of posting material about SSA. Partly because of the existing group, the official SSA fan page gained fans rapidly. We began by posting information about our own activities and then added links to activities in the broader geoscience community. While much of this material also appeared on our website and in our publication, Seismological Research Letters (SRL), the tone on the FB page is different. It is less formal with more emphasis on photos and links to other sites, including our own. Fans who are active on FB see the posts as part of their social network and do not need to take the initiative to go to the SSA site. Although the goal was to provide a forum for two-way communication, our initial experience was that people were clearly reading the page but not contributing content. This appears to be case with fan pages of sister geoscience societies. FB offers some demographic information to fan site administrators. In an initial review of the demographics it appeared that fans were younger than the overall demographics of the Society. It appeared that a few of the fans are not members or even scientists. Open questions are: what content will be most useful to fans? How will the existence of the page benefit the membership as a whole? Will the page ultimately encourage two-way communication as hoped? Web 2.0 is generating a series of new communications outlets (FB, Twitter, wikis). As each new communication forum is added without generating additional income, small societies must also confront the need to staff them with existing resources.

  8. Multiplex PageRank.

    PubMed

    Halu, Arda; Mondragón, Raúl J; Panzarasa, Pietro; Bianconi, Ginestra

    2013-01-01

    Many complex systems can be described as multiplex networks in which the same nodes can interact with one another in different layers, thus forming a set of interacting and co-evolving networks. Examples of such multiplex systems are social networks where people are involved in different types of relationships and interact through various forms of communication media. The ranking of nodes in multiplex networks is one of the most pressing and challenging tasks that research on complex networks is currently facing. When pairs of nodes can be connected through multiple links and in multiple layers, the ranking of nodes should necessarily reflect the importance of nodes in one layer as well as their importance in other interdependent layers. In this paper, we draw on the idea of biased random walks to define the Multiplex PageRank centrality measure in which the effects of the interplay between networks on the centrality of nodes are directly taken into account. In particular, depending on the intensity of the interaction between layers, we define the Additive, Multiplicative, Combined, and Neutral versions of Multiplex PageRank, and show how each version reflects the extent to which the importance of a node in one layer affects the importance the node can gain in another layer. We discuss these measures and apply them to an online multiplex social network. Findings indicate that taking the multiplex nature of the network into account helps uncover the emergence of rankings of nodes that differ from the rankings obtained from one single layer. Results provide support in favor of the salience of multiplex centrality measures, like Multiplex PageRank, for assessing the prominence of nodes embedded in multiple interacting networks, and for shedding a new light on structural properties that would otherwise remain undetected if each of the interacting networks were analyzed in isolation. PMID:24205186

  9. Multiplex PageRank

    PubMed Central

    Halu, Arda; Mondragón, Raúl J.; Panzarasa, Pietro; Bianconi, Ginestra

    2013-01-01

    Many complex systems can be described as multiplex networks in which the same nodes can interact with one another in different layers, thus forming a set of interacting and co-evolving networks. Examples of such multiplex systems are social networks where people are involved in different types of relationships and interact through various forms of communication media. The ranking of nodes in multiplex networks is one of the most pressing and challenging tasks that research on complex networks is currently facing. When pairs of nodes can be connected through multiple links and in multiple layers, the ranking of nodes should necessarily reflect the importance of nodes in one layer as well as their importance in other interdependent layers. In this paper, we draw on the idea of biased random walks to define the Multiplex PageRank centrality measure in which the effects of the interplay between networks on the centrality of nodes are directly taken into account. In particular, depending on the intensity of the interaction between layers, we define the Additive, Multiplicative, Combined, and Neutral versions of Multiplex PageRank, and show how each version reflects the extent to which the importance of a node in one layer affects the importance the node can gain in another layer. We discuss these measures and apply them to an online multiplex social network. Findings indicate that taking the multiplex nature of the network into account helps uncover the emergence of rankings of nodes that differ from the rankings obtained from one single layer. Results provide support in favor of the salience of multiplex centrality measures, like Multiplex PageRank, for assessing the prominence of nodes embedded in multiple interacting networks, and for shedding a new light on structural properties that would otherwise remain undetected if each of the interacting networks were analyzed in isolation. PMID:24205186

  10. Extending inter-professional learning through the use of a multi-disciplinary Wiki.

    PubMed

    Stephens, Melanie; Robinson, Leslie; McGrath, Denis

    2013-11-01

    This paper reports our experiences of a student learning activity which employed a Wiki for student radiographers and nurses to build on an inter-professional learning event. The aim of the Wiki was to facilitate inter-professional learning for students who, having met face-to-face once for a classroom based activity, would not be timetabled to meet again. It was designed to allow students from differing disciplines to: construct knowledge together, learn from and about one another, and collaboratively produce a textual learning resource. 150 nursing and radiography undergraduates were provided with a PBL trigger related to the acute presentation of stroke. The students met once (5 mixed-discipline groups) to discuss the role of the professions and the outcomes for the trigger scenario. Further learning was enabled through the provision of a Wiki for each group. At week 4, all Wikis were made visible for group peer assessment. Wiki editing skills were provided by student 'Wiki champions', who cascaded training to their peers. We report and reflect on the students' evaluations of both the Wiki as process and outcome and discuss the value of Wikis for inter-professional learning. Findings show that, in addition to being an enjoyable and flexible learning experience, the Wiki satisfied its intended aims. There was a variation in the level and quality of student participation the causes of which are discussed. Ground rules for effective Wiki use are proposed. PMID:23465847

  11. SOIL Geo-Wiki: A tool for improving soil information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skalský, Rastislav; Balkovic, Juraj; Fritz, Steffen; See, Linda; van der Velde, Marijn; Obersteiner, Michael

    2014-05-01

    Crowdsourcing is increasingly being used as a way of collecting data for scientific research, e.g. species identification, classification of galaxies and unravelling of protein structures. The WorldSoilProfiles.org database at ISRIC is a global collection of soil profiles, which have been 'crowdsourced' from experts. This system, however, requires contributors to have a priori knowledge about soils. Yet many soil parameters can be observed in the field without specific knowledge or equipment such as stone content, soil depth or color. By crowdsourcing this information over thousands of locations, the uncertainty in current soil datasets could be radically reduced, particularly in areas currently without information or where multiple interpretations are possible from different existing soil maps. Improved information on soils could benefit many research fields and applications. Better soil data could enhance assessments of soil ecosystem services (e.g. soil carbon storage) and facilitate improved process-based ecosystem modeling from local to global scales. Geo-Wiki is a crowdsourcing tool that was developed at IIASA for land cover validation using satellite imagery. Several branches are now available focused on specific aspects of land cover validation, e.g. validating cropland extent or urbanized areas. Geo-Wiki Pictures is a smart phone application for collecting land cover related information on the ground. The extension of Geo-Wiki to a mobile environment provides a tool for experts in land cover validation but is also a way of reaching the general public in the validation of land cover. Here we propose a Soil Geo-Wiki tool that builds on the existing functionality of the Geo-Wiki application, which will be largely designed for the collection and sharing of soil information. Two distinct applications are envisaged: an expert-oriented application mainly for scientific purposes, which will use soil science related language (e.g. WRB or any other global reference soil classification system) and allow experts to upload and share scientifically rigorous soil data; and an application oriented towards the general public, which will be more focused on describing well observed, individual soil properties using simplified classification keys. The latter application will avoid the use of soil science related terminology and focus on the most useful soil parameters such as soil surface features, stone content, soil texture, soil plasticity, calcium carbonate presence, soil color, soil pH, soil repellency, and soil depth. Collection of soil and landscape pictures will also be supported in Soil Geo-Wiki to allow for comprehensive data collection while simultaneously allowing for quality checking by experts.

  12. Distributed scaffolding: Wiki collaboration among Latino high school chemistry students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Sullivan, Edwin Duncan, Jr.

    The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate if wiki collaboration among Latino high school chemistry students can help reduce the science achievement gap between Latino and White students. The study was a quasi-experimental pre/post control group mixed-methods design. It used three intact sections of a high school chemistry course. The first research question asked if there is a difference in academic achievement between a treatment and control group on selected concepts from the topics of bonding, physical changes, and chemical changes, when Latino high school chemistry students collaborate on a quasi-natural wiki project. Overall results for all three activities (Bonding, Physical Changes, and Chemical Changes) indicated no significant difference between the wiki and control group. However, students performing the chemical changes activity did significantly better than their respective control group. Furthermore, there was a significant association, with large effect size, between group membership and ability to overcome the misconception that aqueous ionic reactants in precipitation reactions exist as molecular pairs of ions. Qualitative analysis of classroom and computer lab dialogue, discussion board communication, student focus groups, teacher interviews, and wiki content attributes the better performance of the chemical changes wiki group to favorable differences in intersubjectivity and calibrated assistance, as well as learning about submicroscopic representations of precipitation reactions in multiple contexts. Furthermore, the nonsignificant result overall points to an aversion to peer editing as a possible cause. Drawing considerably on Vygotsky and Piaget, the results are discussed within the context of how distributed scaffolding facilitated medium levels of cognitive conflict. The second research question asked what the characteristics of distributed metacognitive scaffolding are when Latino high school chemistry students collaborate on a quasi-natural wiki project. Results suggested a higher frequency of metacognitive scaffolding by the teacher, over peers, for content knowledge and making connections knowledge. Teacher metacognitive scaffolding often took the form of posting discussion board questions designed to stimulate student reflection on their content or creativity. On the other hand, both teacher and peer metacognitive scaffolding for general goals knowledge and strategy knowledge was relatively infrequent. Recommendations are offered for improving teacher and peer metacognitive scaffolding.

  13. 8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the Souvenir Program 1867-1967 Ridgely Centennial) Photographer unknown. Circa 1967. VIEW NORTHEAST, SOUTHWEST FRONT Ridgely's centennial was celebrated in 1967 and included in the souvenir brochure was page 30. This view shows the subject building with the 1950 modifications to provide for automotive traffic. It was a print of a current photograph. - 510 Central Avenue (Commercial Building), Ridgely, Caroline County, MD

  14. Using a wiki to meet graduate nursing education competencies in collaboration and community health.

    PubMed

    Ciesielka, Debbie

    2008-10-01

    The wiki is an innovative means of creating, editing, and disseminating information in an online environment. Students and faculty may be most familiar with Wikipedia--the free online encyclopedia that anyone can author--but less familiar with the possibilities of the wiki as a learning tool. This article describes the use of a wiki as a means to foster collaboration and meet core competencies related to community study. The graduate nursing students completing the project created a wiki that not only showcased the community of study, but also gave them a better appreciation of group work. PMID:18856102

  15. A Student Authored Online Medical Education Textbook: Editing Patterns and Content Evaluation of a Medical Student Wiki

    PubMed Central

    Thompson, CL; Schulz1, Wade L.; Terrence, Adam

    2011-01-01

    The University of Minnesota medical student wiki (UMMedWiki) allows students to collaboratively edit classroom notes to support medical education. Since 2007, UMMedWiki has grown to include 1,591 articles that have collectively received 1.2 million pageviews. Although small-scale wikis have become increasingly important, little is known about their dynamics compared to large wikis, such as Wikipedia. To better understand UMMedWikis management and its potential reproducibility at other medical schools, we used an edit log with 28,000 entries to evaluate the behavior of its student editors. The development of tools to survey UMMedwiki allows for quality comparisons that improve both the wiki and the curriculum itself. We completed a content survey by comparing the UMMedWiki with two types of rubric data: TIME, a medical education taxonomy consisting of 1500 terms and national epidemiological data on 2,100 diseases. PMID:22195202

  16. A student authored online medical education textbook: editing patterns and content evaluation of a medical student wiki.

    PubMed

    Thompson, C L; Schulz, Wade L; Terrence, Adam

    2011-01-01

    The University of Minnesota medical student wiki (UMMedWiki) allows students to collaboratively edit classroom notes to support medical education. Since 2007, UMMedWiki has grown to include 1,591 articles that have collectively received 1.2 million pageviews. Although small-scale wikis have become increasingly important, little is known about their dynamics compared to large wikis, such as Wikipedia. To better understand UMMedWiki's management and its potential reproducibility at other medical schools, we used an edit log with 28,000 entries to evaluate the behavior of its student editors. The development of tools to survey UMMedwiki allows for quality comparisons that improve both the wiki and the curriculum itself. We completed a content survey by comparing the UMMedWiki with two types of rubric data: TIME, a medical education taxonomy consisting of 1500 terms and national epidemiological data on 2,100 diseases. PMID:22195202

  17. Reese Sorenson's Individual Professional Page

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sorenson, Reese; Nixon, David (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The subject document is a World Wide Web (WWW) page entitled, "Reese Sorenson's Individual Professional Page." Its can be accessed at "http://george.arc.nasa.gov/sorenson/personal/index.html". The purpose of this page is to make the reader aware of me, who I am, and what I do. It lists my work assignments, my computer experience, my place in the NASA hierarchy, publications by me, awards received by me, my education, and how to contact me. Writing this page was a learning experience, pursuant to an element in my Job Description which calls for me to be able to use the latest computers. This web page contains very little technical information, none of which is classified or sensitive.

  18. The Use of a Wiki at a College in Hungary as a Tool to Enhance Personal Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asztalos, Réka

    2014-01-01

    Wikis have been extensively used in language teaching for collaborative writing. However, there are very few studies about wikis as holistic learning environments. To fill this niche, the present research project aimed to explore the potential of the wiki as a platform for knowledge building and personalized learning that may enhance lifelong…

  19. The Good, the Bad and the Wiki: Evaluating Student-Generated Content for Collaborative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Steve; Yeomans, Peter; Wheeler, Dawn

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the potential for wiki-type open architecture software to promote and support collaborative learning through the use of student-created content. It delineates some of the affordances and constraints of wiki software as an open architecture that has the potential to facilitate collaborative learning through community-focused…

  20. Using Wikis to Develop Collaborative Communities in an Environmental Chemistry Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pence, Laura E.; Pence, Harry E.

    2015-01-01

    Group construction of wikis in an environmental chemistry course provided an effective framework for students to develop and to manage collaborative communities, characterized by interactive projects designed to deepen learning. A sequence of assignments facilitated improvement of the students' wiki construction and editing skills and these…

  1. Factors Affecting the Way Students Collaborate in a Wiki for English Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zorko, Vida

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are believed to be a powerful tool assisting the development of constructivist learning environments, as their very nature supports collaboration. However, not much research has been done into the types of collaborative interaction that take place in wikis when used for learning. The main purpose of this study is to explore the factors that

  2. Factors Affecting the Way Students Collaborate in a Wiki for English Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zorko, Vida

    2009-01-01

    Wikis are believed to be a powerful tool assisting the development of constructivist learning environments, as their very nature supports collaboration. However, not much research has been done into the types of collaborative interaction that take place in wikis when used for learning. The main purpose of this study is to explore the factors that…

  3. Designing Collaborative E-Learning Environments Based upon Semantic Wiki: From Design Models to Application Scenarios

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Yanyan; Dong, Mingkai; Huang, Ronghuai

    2011-01-01

    The knowledge society requires life-long learning and flexible learning environment that enables fast, just-in-time and relevant learning, aiding the development of communities of knowledge, linking learners and practitioners with experts. Based upon semantic wiki, a combination of wiki and Semantic Web technology, this paper designs and develops…

  4. Affordances and Constraints of a Wiki for Primary-School Students' Group Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fu, Huijuan; Chu, Samuel; Kang, Wenxia

    2013-01-01

    This study examined a wiki as a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment at upper primary level. A total of 388 Hong Kong Primary-five (P5) students in four Chinese primary schools used a wiki platform within the context of their group projects in General Studies (GS) classes. Adopting a mixed-methods design, qualitative and…

  5. Using a Wiki in a Scientist-Teacher Professional Learning Community: Impact on Teacher Perception Changes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Hye Jeong; Miller, Heather R.; Herbert, Bruce; Pedersen, Susan; Loving, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    In this study, a wiki was integrated into a professional development model that systemically addresses early-career teachers' needs. This study was conducted to examine the impact of wiki-based professional development activities in a scientist-teacher professional learning community and focused on early-career teachers' perceptions of the role of…

  6. Assessing Collaboration in a Wiki: The Reliability of University Students' Peer Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Wever, Bram; Van Keer, Hilde; Schellens, Tammy; Valcke, Martin

    2011-01-01

    This study focuses on the reliability of intra-group peer assessment (PA) of the collaboration processes in a wiki. First-year university students (N = 659) were subdivided in groups of 8 to create wikis. They were to assess their group members on four criteria (contribution, discussion, sources, and social). The main research question focused on…

  7. Wiki Technology as a Design Tool for a Capstone Design Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadley, Kevin R.; Debelak, Kenneth A.

    2009-01-01

    Technology is a key component to the net generation's social, study, and professional skills. It is prudent to investigate the applications of new technology in education. In this study, a wiki was incorporated into a senior design course, and its utility was investigated with respect to process design. The results of the study indicate wikis

  8. Scaffolding Strategies for Wiki-Based Collaboration: Action Research in a Multicultural Japanese Language Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Insung; Suzuki, Yoko

    2015-01-01

    Wikis can be used to encourage and support collaborative constructivist learning. However, their effectiveness depends upon the use of scaffolding strategies to guide the students in their use. This action research investigated three scaffolding strategies for wiki-based multicultural Japanese language learning: worked examples, grouping and peer

  9. Wikis for School Leaders: Using Technology to Improve Communication and Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandifer, Stephanie D.

    2011-01-01

    Maximize the effectiveness of your professional activities through the use of wikis, and raise student achievement in turn! With strategies from online educator and technology expert Stephanie Sandifer, this book provides how-to advice on the way in which wikis result in a more efficient use of time, better communication, and increased adult

  10. Using Wikis to Develop Collaborative Communities in an Environmental Chemistry Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pence, Laura E.; Pence, Harry E.

    2015-01-01

    Group construction of wikis in an environmental chemistry course provided an effective framework for students to develop and to manage collaborative communities, characterized by interactive projects designed to deepen learning. A sequence of assignments facilitated improvement of the students' wiki construction and editing skills and these

  11. Does Collaboration Occur when Children Are Learning with the Support of a Wiki?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allsop, Yasemin

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the outcomes of a mini-research project about visible forms of collaboration when children are learning with the support of Wikis-online editable websites. The findings were based on observing the children using the Wiki, analysis of the video recording of the task and the survey that was completed by the children using the

  12. Creating/Developing/Using a Wiki Study Guide: Effects on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Bannon, Blanche W.; Britt, Virginia G.

    2012-01-01

    Wikis are gaining popularity in classrooms because of their many benefits. Despite these benefits, there is a shortage of empirical data regarding their effectiveness in increasing knowledge. This study examined (a) the effectiveness of creating/developing/using a wiki to increase knowledge of Web 2.0 tools for 103 preservice teachers; (b) their

  13. Using a Wiki in a Scientist-Teacher Professional Learning Community: Impact on Teacher Perception Changes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Hye Jeong; Miller, Heather R.; Herbert, Bruce; Pedersen, Susan; Loving, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    In this study, a wiki was integrated into a professional development model that systemically addresses early-career teachers' needs. This study was conducted to examine the impact of wiki-based professional development activities in a scientist-teacher professional learning community and focused on early-career teachers' perceptions of the role of

  14. Writing with Wikis: A Cautionary Tale of Technology in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allwardt, Debra E.

    2011-01-01

    Learning to write a scholarly literature review is often difficult for undergraduate students. This teaching note examines a pilot study of BSW students' use of a wiki to collaboratively write a literature review in a research course (N=36). Students expressed negative responses toward the assignment and were reluctant to use the wiki. Their

  15. Affordances and Constraints of a Wiki for Primary-School Students' Group Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fu, Huijuan; Chu, Samuel; Kang, Wenxia

    2013-01-01

    This study examined a wiki as a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment at upper primary level. A total of 388 Hong Kong Primary-five (P5) students in four Chinese primary schools used a wiki platform within the context of their group projects in General Studies (GS) classes. Adopting a mixed-methods design, qualitative and

  16. Collaborative Knowledge Building with Wikis: The Impact of Redundancy and Polarity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moskaliuk, Johannes; Kimmerle, Joachim; Cress, Ulrike

    2012-01-01

    Wikis as shared digital artifacts may enable users to participate in processes of knowledge building. To what extent and with which quality knowledge building can take place is assumed to depend on the interrelation between people's prior knowledge and the information available in a wiki. In two experimental studies we examined the impact on…

  17. The Good, the Bad and the Wiki: Evaluating Student-Generated Content for Collaborative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Steve; Yeomans, Peter; Wheeler, Dawn

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the potential for wiki-type open architecture software to promote and support collaborative learning through the use of student-created content. It delineates some of the affordances and constraints of wiki software as an open architecture that has the potential to facilitate collaborative learning through community-focused

  18. Writing with Wikis: A Cautionary Tale of Technology in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allwardt, Debra E.

    2011-01-01

    Learning to write a scholarly literature review is often difficult for undergraduate students. This teaching note examines a pilot study of BSW students' use of a wiki to collaboratively write a literature review in a research course (N=36). Students expressed negative responses toward the assignment and were reluctant to use the wiki. Their…

  19. Scaffolding Strategies for Wiki-Based Collaboration: Action Research in a Multicultural Japanese Language Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Insung; Suzuki, Yoko

    2015-01-01

    Wikis can be used to encourage and support collaborative constructivist learning. However, their effectiveness depends upon the use of scaffolding strategies to guide the students in their use. This action research investigated three scaffolding strategies for wiki-based multicultural Japanese language learning: worked examples, grouping and peer…

  20. Integrating Wikis in the Support and Practice of Historical Analysis Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabiness, Catherine; Donovan, Loretta; Green, Tim D.

    2013-01-01

    This case study examines the benefits of integrating wikis into the World History curriculum. Six middle school students chosen because of their designation in relevant subgroups--GATE, AVID, and RSP--participated in this 20-week study. Abstract historical concepts can be difficult to grasp; therefore, students collaborated via a wiki on topics…

  1. A Case Study of Wikis and Student-Designed Games in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hastie, Peter A.; Casey, Ashley; Tarter, Anne-Marie

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the incorporation of wiki technology within physical education. Boys from two classes at a school in the United Kingdom were divided into small teams and given the task of creating a new game in a same genre as football, hockey, netball or rugby. Each team had a wiki on which were recorded all the plans and developments of…

  2. Students' Engagement with a Collaborative Wiki Tool Predicts Enhanced Written Exam Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stafford, Tom; Elgueta, Herman; Cameron, Harriet

    2014-01-01

    We introduced voluntary wiki-based exercises to a long-running cognitive psychology course, part of the core curriculum for an undergraduate degree in psychology. Over 2 yearly cohorts, students who used the wiki more also scored higher on the final written exam. Using regression analysis, it is possible to account for students' tendency to

  3. Collaborative Creativity Processes in a Wiki: A Study in Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pifarré, Manoli; Marti, Laura; Guijosa, Alex

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores how wiki may be used to support secondary education students' collaborative creativity processes and how such interaction can promote critical and creativity thinking. A science case-based project in which 81 secondary students participated was designed, implemented and evaluated. Students worked in the science wiki project…

  4. Students' Confidence and Perceived Value for Participating in Cross-Cultural Wiki-Based Collaborations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ertmer, Peggy A.; Newby, Timothy J.; Liu, Wei; Tomory, Annette; Yu, Ji Hyun; Lee, Young Mi

    2011-01-01

    An international wiki-based collaboration was integrated into a large introductory educational technology course enrolling 346 students, divided into 43 teams. Student teams participated in a 5-week project in which they created wiki chapters about the educational uses of specific Web 2.0 tools. Two to four international students, located in their…

  5. A Case Study of Wikis and Student-Designed Games in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hastie, Peter A.; Casey, Ashley; Tarter, Anne-Marie

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the incorporation of wiki technology within physical education. Boys from two classes at a school in the United Kingdom were divided into small teams and given the task of creating a new game in a same genre as football, hockey, netball or rugby. Each team had a wiki on which were recorded all the plans and developments of

  6. A Longitudinal Study to Determine If Wiki Work Builds Community among Agricultural Adult Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelsey, Kathleen D.; Lin, Hong; Franke-Dvorak, Tanya C.

    2011-01-01

    Wiki has been lauded as a tool that enhances collaborative writing in educational settings and moves learners toward a state of communal constructivism (Holmes, Tangney, FitzGibbon, Savage, & Mehan., 2001). Many pedagogical claims exist regarding the benefits of using wiki. However, these claims have rarely been challenged. This study used a…

  7. Students' Engagement with a Collaborative Wiki Tool Predicts Enhanced Written Exam Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stafford, Tom; Elgueta, Herman; Cameron, Harriet

    2014-01-01

    We introduced voluntary wiki-based exercises to a long-running cognitive psychology course, part of the core curriculum for an undergraduate degree in psychology. Over 2 yearly cohorts, students who used the wiki more also scored higher on the final written exam. Using regression analysis, it is possible to account for students' tendency to…

  8. Wiki Use That Increases Communication and Collaboration Motivation: A Reflection Several Semesters Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Robyn

    2015-01-01

    The article "Wiki use that increases communication and collaboration motivation" (Davidson, 2012) appeared in the "Journal of Learning Design," Volume 5, Issue 2 in 2012. Three years on, Robyn Davidson reflects upon her original article. This article gave an account of how wikis were used as a platform to provide an opportunity…

  9. Investigating Technical and Pedagogical Usability Issues of Collaborative Learning with Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadjerrouit, Said

    2012-01-01

    Wikis have been recently promoted as tools that foster collaborative learning. However, there has been little research devoted to the criteria that are suitable to address issues pertinent to collaborative learning. This paper proposes a set of criteria to explore technical and pedagogical usability issues of collaborative learning with wikis. The…

  10. Instructional Theory for Using a Class Wiki to Support Collaborative Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Chun-Yi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an instructional theory for using a class wiki to support collaborative learning in higher education. Although wikis have been identified in theory as one of the most powerful emerging technologies to support collaborative learning, challenges have been revealed in a number of studies regarding student…

  11. The Ecosystem Factor in Supporting Wiki Initiative for Knowledge Sharing in Malaysian Public Organisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khuzaimah, Khairil Hizar Md; Affandi, Haryanti Mohd; Hassan, Fadzil

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the significance of considering the organizational ecosystem in implementing wikis for knowledge sharing.The findings suggest that a prerequisite of an effective wiki is the appreciation of the factors that make up the organizational ecosystem; technical and organizational factors are variable elements of…

  12. Wiki Tools in the Preparation and Support of e-Learning Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jancarik, Antonin; Jancarikova, Katerina

    2010-01-01

    Wiki tools, which became known mainly thanks to the Wikipedia encyclopedia, represent quite a new phenomenon on the Internet. The work presented here deals with three areas connected to a possible use of wiki tools for the preparation of an e-learning course. To what extent does Wikipedia.com contain terms necessary for scientific lectures at the…

  13. News Writing Using Wiki: Impacts on Learning Experience of Student Journalists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Will W. K.; Yuen, Allan H. K.

    2008-01-01

    Wiki empowers users in generating, revising, and organizing their own content. In this study, we review literature to gain theoretical support for wikis that impact learning. In a context of student journalists learning news writing, we design a two-phase field study: (1) Phase I--to examine learners' reflections on learning news writing in wiki…

  14. Action Research as a Congruent Methodology for Understanding Wikis: The Case of Wikiversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler, Cormac

    2008-01-01

    It is proposed that action research is an appropriate methodology for studying wikis, and is akin to research "the wiki way". This proposal is contextualised within the case of Wikiversity, a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. A framework for a participative research project is outlined, and challenges and implications of such a methodology are

  15. Wiki as a Corporate Learning Tool: Case Study for Software Development Company

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milovanovic, Milos; Minovic, Miroslav; Stavljanin, Velimir; Savkovic, Marko; Starcevic, Dusan

    2012-01-01

    In our study, we attempted to further investigate how Web 2.0 technologies influence workplace learning. Our particular interest was on using Wiki as a tool for corporate exchange of knowledge with the focus on informal learning. In this study, we collaborated with a multinational software development company that uses Wiki as a corporate tool…

  16. Exploring Students' Perceptions of Integrating Wiki Technology and Peer Feedback into English Writing Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Wen-Chuan; Yang, Shu Ching

    2011-01-01

    This study applied Wiki technology and peer review to an English as a foreign language writing class. The objective was to investigate whether this system, as a collaborative platform, would improve students' writing skills. The study gauged students' perceptions about integrating a Wiki writing course and peer feedback. The participants were 32…

  17. Wiki as a Corporate Learning Tool: Case Study for Software Development Company

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milovanovic, Milos; Minovic, Miroslav; Stavljanin, Velimir; Savkovic, Marko; Starcevic, Dusan

    2012-01-01

    In our study, we attempted to further investigate how Web 2.0 technologies influence workplace learning. Our particular interest was on using Wiki as a tool for corporate exchange of knowledge with the focus on informal learning. In this study, we collaborated with a multinational software development company that uses Wiki as a corporate tool

  18. Integrating Wikis in the Support and Practice of Historical Analysis Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabiness, Catherine; Donovan, Loretta; Green, Tim D.

    2013-01-01

    This case study examines the benefits of integrating wikis into the World History curriculum. Six middle school students chosen because of their designation in relevant subgroups--GATE, AVID, and RSP--participated in this 20-week study. Abstract historical concepts can be difficult to grasp; therefore, students collaborated via a wiki on topics

  19. Combining Wikis and JiTT to enhance critical thinking abilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohottala, Hashini

    2012-02-01

    I report the combine use of Just in Time Teaching (JiTT) and Wikispaces (Wikis) in introductory level, calculus based, physics classes. Over the years, JiTT had been effectively used in teaching physics and some uses on Wikis were also reported in the recent years.ootnotetextH. Mohottala The Physics Teacher -- September 2011 -- Vol. 49, Issue 6 Wiki helps students, instructors and technology to interact with one another and JiTT boosts the self-confidence of students to tackle physics problems. Thus, the combine use of Wiki-JiTT is going to be a new experience for both instructors and students. In this experiment, I used Wikis as a platform for JiTT, and conventional JiTT was slightly altered to best fit the combination and to focus on enhancing critical thinking abilities in my students.

  20. Laco-Wiki AN Open Access Online Portal for Land Cover Validation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    See, L.; Perger, C.; Hofer, M.; Weichselbaum, J.; Dresel, C.; Fritz, S.

    2015-08-01

    The LACO-Wiki tool represents an open access, online portal that offers standardized land cover validation at local to global scales. LACO-Wiki integrates the LACOVAL prototype for land cover validation and the Geo-Wiki system for visualization, validation and crowdsourcing of land cover. This paper presents a conceptual overview of the LACO-Wiki system and describes the main validation workflow, in which the user uploads the map for validation, creates a validation sample, carries out the sample interpretation and generates a report detailing the accuracy assessment. In addition to a land cover validation tool, LACO-Wiki is also intended to become an open access repository for calibration and validation data that can be used by the land monitoring community to improve future land cover products.

  1. The State of Wiki Usage in U.S. K-12 Schools: Leveraging Web 2.0 Data Warehouses to Assess Quality and Equity in Online Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Justin; Murnane, Richard; Willett, John

    2012-01-01

    To document wiki usage in U.S. K-12 settings, this study examined a representative sample drawn from a population of nearly 180,000 wikis. The authors measured the opportunities wikis provide for students to develop 21st-century skills such as expert thinking, complex communication, and new media literacy. The authors found four types of wiki

  2. EVA Wiki - Transforming Knowledge Management for EVA Flight Controllers and Instructors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnston, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    The EVA (Extravehicular Activity) Wiki was recently implemented as the primary knowledge database to retain critical knowledge and skills in the EVA Operations group at NASA's Johnson Space Center by ensuring that information is recorded in a common, searchable repository. Prior to the EVA Wiki, information required for EVA flight controllers and instructors was scattered across different sources, including multiple file share directories, SharePoint, individual computers, and paper archives. Many documents were outdated, and data was often difficult to find and distribute. In 2011, a team recognized that these knowledge management problems could be solved by creating an EVA Wiki using MediaWiki, a free and open-source software developed by the Wikimedia Foundation. The EVA Wiki developed into an EVA-specific Wikipedia on an internal NASA server. While the technical implementation of the wiki had many challenges, the one of the biggest hurdles came from a cultural shift. Like many enterprise organizations, the EVA Operations group was accustomed to hierarchical data structures and individually-owned documents. Instead of sorting files into various folders, the wiki searches content. Rather than having a single document owner, the wiki harmonized the efforts of many contributors and established an automated revision control system. As the group adapted to the wiki, the usefulness of this single portal for information became apparent. It transformed into a useful data mining tool for EVA flight controllers and instructors, and also for hundreds of other NASA and contract employees. Program managers, engineers, astronauts, flight directors, and flight controllers in differing disciplines now have an easier-to-use, searchable system to find EVA data. This paper presents the benefits the EVA Wiki has brought to NASA's EVA community, as well as the cultural challenges it had to overcome.

  3. Use and acceptance of Wiki systems for students of veterinary medicine

    PubMed Central

    Kolski, Darius; Arlt, Sebastian; Birk, Stephan; Heuwieser, Wolfgang

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Wiki systems are gaining importance concerning the use in education, especially among young users. The aim of our study was to examine, how students of veterinary medicine commonly use wiki systems, whether they consider a veterinary wiki system useful and if they would participate in writing content. Methodology: For data collection a questionnaire was provided to students (n=210) of the faculty of Veterinary Medicine at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. It contained questions regarding the use of Wikipedia in general and concerning educational issues. Results: Most respondents, especially students in the first years, had comprehensive experience in the use of Wikipedia and veterinary wiki systems. In contrast, the experience in writing or editing of information was low (8.6% Wikipedia, 15.3% veterinary wiki systems). Male students had significantly more writing experience than females (p=0,008). In addition, students of the higher years were more experienced in writing and editing than students of the first year (7.4% in the 4th year). The familiarity with wiki systems offered by universities was low. The majority of students (96.2%) are willing to use veterinary wiki systems as an information tool in the future. Nevertheless, only a low percentage is willing to write or edit content. Many students, however, expect a better learning success when writing own texts. In general, students consider the quality of information in a wiki system as correct. Conclusion: In conclusion, wiki systems are considered a useful tool to gain information. This will lead to a successful implementation of wiki systems in veterinary education. A main challenge will be to develop concepts to activate students to participate not only in reading but in the writing and editing process. PMID:23467415

  4. EVA Wiki - Transforming Knowledge Management for EVA Flight Controllers and Instructors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnston, Stephanie S.; Alpert, Brian K.; Montalvo, Edwin James; Welsh, Lawrence Daren; Wray, Scott; Mavridis, Costa

    2016-01-01

    The EVA Wiki was recently implemented as the primary knowledge database to retain critical knowledge and skills in the EVA Operations group at NASA's Johnson Space Center by ensuring that information is recorded in a common, easy to search repository. Prior to the EVA Wiki, information required for EVA flight controllers and instructors was scattered across different sources, including multiple file share directories, SharePoint, individual computers, and paper archives. Many documents were outdated, and data was often difficult to find and distribute. In 2011, a team recognized that these knowledge management problems could be solved by creating an EVA Wiki using MediaWiki, a free and open-source software developed by the Wikimedia Foundation. The EVA Wiki developed into an EVA-specific Wikipedia on an internal NASA server. While the technical implementation of the wiki had many challenges, one of the biggest hurdles came from a cultural shift. Like many enterprise organizations, the EVA Operations group was accustomed to hierarchical data structures and individually-owned documents. Instead of sorting files into various folders, the wiki searches content. Rather than having a single document owner, the wiki harmonized the efforts of many contributors and established an automated revision controlled system. As the group adapted to the wiki, the usefulness of this single portal for information became apparent. It transformed into a useful data mining tool for EVA flight controllers and instructors, as well as hundreds of others that support EVA. Program managers, engineers, astronauts, flight directors, and flight controllers in differing disciplines now have an easier-to-use, searchable system to find EVA data. This paper presents the benefits the EVA Wiki has brought to NASA's EVA community, as well as the cultural challenges it had to overcome.

  5. EVA Wiki - Transforming Knowledge Management for EVA Flight Controllers and Instructors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnston, Stephanie S.; Alpert, Brian K.; Montalvo, Edwin James; Welsh, Lawrence Daren; Wray, Scott; Mavridis, Costa

    2016-01-01

    The EVA Wiki was recently implemented as the primary knowledge database to retain critical knowledge and skills in the EVA Operations group at NASA's Johnson Space Center by ensuring that information is recorded in a common, easy to search repository. Prior to the EVA Wiki, information required for EVA flight controllers and instructors was scattered across different sources, including multiple file share directories, SharePoint, individual computers, and paper archives. Many documents were outdated, and data was often difficult to find and distribute. In 2011, a team recognized that these knowledge management problems could be solved by creating an EVA Wiki using MediaWiki, a free and open-source software developed by the Wikimedia Foundation. The EVA Wiki developed into an EVA-specific Wikipedia on an internal NASA server. While the technical implementation of the wiki had many challenges, one of the biggest hurdles came from a cultural shift. Like many enterprise organizations, the EVA Operations group was accustomed to hierarchical data structures and individually-owned documents. Instead of sorting files into various folders, the wiki searches content. Rather than having a single document owner, the wiki harmonized the efforts of many contributors and established an automated revision controlled system. As the group adapted to the wiki, the usefulness of this single portal for information became apparent. It transformed into a useful data mining tool for EVA flight controllers and instructors, as well as hundreds of others that support the EVA. Program managers, engineers, astronauts, flight directors, and flight controllers in differing disciplines now have an easier-to-use, searchable system to find EVA data. This paper presents the benefits the EVA Wiki has brought to NASA's EVA community, as well as the cultural challenges it had to overcome.

  6. Coughs and Colds: Medicines or Home Remedies?

    MedlinePlus

    ... Issues Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Coughs and Colds: Medicines or Home Remedies? Page Content Article Body ​Medicines Over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicines can cause serious side effects ...

  7. PageRank of integers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frahm, K. M.; Chepelianskii, A. D.; Shepelyansky, D. L.

    2012-10-01

    We up a directed network tracing links from a given integer to its divisors and analyze the properties of the Google matrix of this network. The PageRank vector of this matrix is computed numerically and it is shown that its probability is approximately inversely proportional to the PageRank index thus being similar to the Zipf law and the dependence established for the World Wide Web. The spectrum of the Google matrix of integers is characterized by a large gap and a relatively small number of nonzero eigenvalues. A simple semi-analytical expression for the PageRank of integers is derived that allows us to find this vector for matrices of billion size. This network provides a new PageRank order of integers.

  8. Code AI Personal Web Pages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

  9. SNPedia: a wiki supporting personal genome annotation, interpretation and analysis

    PubMed Central

    Cariaso, Michael; Lennon, Greg

    2012-01-01

    SNPedia (http://www.SNPedia.com) is a wiki resource of the functional consequences of human genetic variation as published in peer-reviewed studies. Online since 2006 and freely available for personal use, SNPedia has focused on the medical, phenotypic and genealogical associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Entries are formatted to allow associations to be assigned to single genotypes as well as sets of genotypes (genosets). In this article, we discuss the growth of this resource and its use by affiliated software to create personal genome reports. PMID:22140107

  10. Using a Wiki in a Scientist-Teacher Professional Learning Community: Impact on Teacher Perception Changes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Hye Jeong; Miller, Heather R.; Herbert, Bruce; Pedersen, Susan; Loving, Cathy

    2012-08-01

    In this study, a wiki was integrated into a professional development model that systemically addresses early-career teachers' needs. This study was conducted to examine the impact of wiki-based professional development activities in a scientist-teacher professional learning community and focused on early-career teachers' perceptions of the role of wiki technology and knowledge of teaching through inquiry. Teachers participated in the Professional Learning Community Model for Entry into Teaching Science (PLC-METS), a professional development program that is based on an integrated teacher education model of knowledge sharing, collaboration, and communication between teachers and scientists, with the goal of supporting early-career teachers' ability to engage their students in scientific inquiry. The use of a wiki environment to collaborate on activities, deliver resources, and share knowledge is rapidly expanding in professional development communities. The use of the wiki in PLC-METS positively predicted the results of teachers' knowledge of inquiry-based teaching. Results demonstrate that the wiki can contribute to building a learning community for collaboration between early-career science teachers and scientists. The paper also discusses the educational implications for the design of wiki-based professional learning communities that impact teachers' professional development.

  11. The Faculty Web Page: Contrivance or Continuation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lennex, Lesia

    2007-01-01

    In an age of Internet education, what does it mean for a tenure/tenure-track faculty to have a web page? How many professors have web pages? If they have a page, what does it look like? Do they really need a web page at all? Many universities have faculty web pages. What do those collective pages look like? In what way do they represent the

  12. WikiPathways: capturing the full diversity of pathway knowledge.

    PubMed

    Kutmon, Martina; Riutta, Anders; Nunes, Nuno; Hanspers, Kristina; Willighagen, Egon L; Bohler, Anwesha; Mélius, Jonathan; Waagmeester, Andra; Sinha, Sravanthi R; Miller, Ryan; Coort, Susan L; Cirillo, Elisa; Smeets, Bart; Evelo, Chris T; Pico, Alexander R

    2016-01-01

    WikiPathways (http://www.wikipathways.org) is an open, collaborative platform for capturing and disseminating models of biological pathways for data visualization and analysis. Since our last NAR update, 4 years ago, WikiPathways has experienced massive growth in content, which continues to be contributed by hundreds of individuals each year. New aspects of the diversity and depth of the collected pathways are described from the perspective of researchers interested in using pathway information in their studies. We provide updates on extensions and services to support pathway analysis and visualization via popular standalone tools, i.e. PathVisio and Cytoscape, web applications and common programming environments. We introduce the Quick Edit feature for pathway authors and curators, in addition to new means of publishing pathways and maintaining custom pathway collections to serve specific research topics and communities. In addition to the latest milestones in our pathway collection and curation effort, we also highlight the latest means to access the content as publishable figures, as standard data files, and as linked data, including bulk and programmatic access. PMID:26481357

  13. WikiPathways: capturing the full diversity of pathway knowledge

    PubMed Central

    Kutmon, Martina; Riutta, Anders; Nunes, Nuno; Hanspers, Kristina; Willighagen, Egon L.; Bohler, Anwesha; Mélius, Jonathan; Waagmeester, Andra; Sinha, Sravanthi R.; Miller, Ryan; Coort, Susan L.; Cirillo, Elisa; Smeets, Bart; Evelo, Chris T.; Pico, Alexander R.

    2016-01-01

    WikiPathways (http://www.wikipathways.org) is an open, collaborative platform for capturing and disseminating models of biological pathways for data visualization and analysis. Since our last NAR update, 4 years ago, WikiPathways has experienced massive growth in content, which continues to be contributed by hundreds of individuals each year. New aspects of the diversity and depth of the collected pathways are described from the perspective of researchers interested in using pathway information in their studies. We provide updates on extensions and services to support pathway analysis and visualization via popular standalone tools, i.e. PathVisio and Cytoscape, web applications and common programming environments. We introduce the Quick Edit feature for pathway authors and curators, in addition to new means of publishing pathways and maintaining custom pathway collections to serve specific research topics and communities. In addition to the latest milestones in our pathway collection and curation effort, we also highlight the latest means to access the content as publishable figures, as standard data files, and as linked data, including bulk and programmatic access. PMID:26481357

  14. An Attempt to Improve Student Engagement with Class Content via a Student-produced Wiki

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cobb, B. E.

    2014-07-01

    In a freshman-level honors astronomy class, an attempt was made to use a student-produced wiki to improve student engagement and connection with the class material. This attempt was not entirely successful due to unforeseen challenges such as the assignment being too open-ended and too time consuming to grade. Despite these challenges, the wiki was successful in encouraging the students to reflect more on the class material, and to connect that material to the “real world.” While the wiki assignment that was originally attempted will not be repeated in future classes, certain portions will continue to be used to enhance student engagement.

  15. WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION - HOME PAGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Water Supply and Water Resources Division (WSWRD) conducts research to help prepare the primary and secondary regulations for drinking water and to develop technologies and strategies for controlling waterborne contaminants. The program integrates chemistry, engineering, micr...

  16. AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION - HOME PAGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division (APPCD), located in Research Triangle Park, NC, is part of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL), which is headquartered in Cincinnati, OH. APPCD researches, develops, anddemonstrates air pollution prevention a...

  17. Code JEF Facilities Engineering Home Page for the Internet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mahaffey, Valerie A.; Harrison, Marla J. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    There are always many activities going on in JEF. We work on and manage the Construction of Facilities (C of F) projects at NASA-Ames. We are constantly designing or analyzing a new facility or project, or a modification to an existing facility. Every day we answer numerous questions about engineering policy, codes and standards, we attend design reviews, we count dollars and we make sure that everything at the Center is designed and built according to good engineering judgment. In addition, we study literature and attend conferences to make sure that we keep current on new legislation and standards.

  18. Rotorcraft Aeromechanics Branch Home Page on the World Wide Web

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterson, Randall L.; Warmbrodt, William (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    The tilt rotor aircraft holds great promise for improving air travel in the future. It's benefits include vertical take off and landing combined with airspeeds comparable to propeller driven aircraft. However, the noise from a tilt rotor during approach to a landing is potentially a significant barrier to widespread acceptance of these aircraft. This approach noise is primarily caused by Blade Vortex Interactions (BVI), which are created when the blade passes near or through the vortex trailed by preceding blades. The XV- 15 Aeroacoustic test will measure the noise from a tilt rotor during descent conditions and demonstrate several possible techniques to reduce the noise. The XV- 15 Aeroacoustic test at NASA Ames Research Center will measure acoustics and performance for a full-scale XV-15 rotor. A single XV-15 rotor will be mounted on the Ames Rotor Test Apparatus (RTA) in the 80- by 120-Foot Wind Tunnel. The test will be conducted in helicopter mode with forward flight speeds up to 100 knots and tip path plane angles up to +/- 15 degrees. These operating conditions correspond to a wide range of tilt rotor descent and transition to forward flight cases. Rotor performance measurements will be made with the RTA rotor balance, while acoustic measurements will be made using an acoustic traverse and four fixed microphones. The acoustic traverse will provide limited directionality measurements on the advancing side of the rotor, where BVI noise is expected to be the highest. Baseline acoustics and performance measurements for the three-bladed rotor will be obtained over the entire test envelope. Acoustic measurements will also be obtained for correlation with the XV-15 aircraft Inflight Rotor Aeroacoustic Program (IRAP) recently conducted by Ames. Several techniques will be studied in an attempt to reduce the highest measured BVI noise conditions. The first of these techniques will use sub-wings mounted on the blade tips. These subwings are expected to alter the size, strength, and location of the tip vortex, therefore changing the BVI acoustics of the rotor. The subwings are approximately 20% of the blade chord and increase the rotor radius by about 3 percent. Four different subwing configurations will be tested, including square tipped subwings with different angles of incidence. The ability of active controls to reduce BVI acoustics will also be assessed. The dynamic control system of the RTA will be used to implement open- and closed-loop active control techniques, including individual blade control. Open-loop testing will be conducted using a personal computer based, automated, real-time data acquisition system. This system features combined automated output of open loop control signals and automated data acquisition of the resulting test data. A final technique to alter the noise of the rotor will be examined. This will involve changing the number of blades from three to four. A four-bladed rotor hub has been fabricated on which the XV-15 blades will be mounted. While the solidity of the rotor will increase, much useful information can be gained by examining the changes in the thrust and RPM with four blades.

  19. Homes away from Home.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Laurel D.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes the construction of a variety of inexpensive, escape-proof, and safe insect homes--each complete with window, ventilation screen, and cover--so students can observe firsthand the intriguing world of insects. (PR)

  20. Learning through Web Page Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peel, Deborah

    2001-01-01

    Describes and evaluates the use of Web page design in an undergraduate course in the United Kingdom on town planning. Highlights include incorporating information and communication technologies into higher education; and a theoretical framework for the use of educational technology. (LRW)

  1. Web Page Design (Part One).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Descy, Don E.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses rules for Web page design: consider audiences' Internet skills and equipment; know your content; outline the material; map or sketch the site; be consistent; regulate size of graphics to control download time; place eye catching material in the first 300 pixels; moderate use of color to control file size and bandwidth; include a

  2. CSIR at INEX 2008 Link-the-Wiki Track

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Wei; Liu, Dan; Fu, Zhenzhen

    In this paper, we describe methods taken by CSIR in the INEX 2008 Link-the-Wiki track. For the incoming link detection, we use p(d|t), the probability to generate a document, when given the topic file, to judge which documents are proper link sources for the given topic. For the file-to-file task of outgoing link detection, we take a two-step approach: first, we identify a group of candidate target documents by literally matching the topic file title and document content; then, candidate documents are ranked by the number of incoming links. For the anchor-to-BEP task, we use p(d|a,t), the probability to generate a document, when given the topic file and an anchor name, to select anchors and link targets for a given topic.

  3. Market study: Tactile paging system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    A market survey was conducted regarding the commercialization potential and key market factors relevant to a tactile paging system for deaf-blind people. The purpose of the tactile paging system is to communicate to the deaf-blind people in an institutional environment. The system consists of a main console and individual satellite wrist units. The console emits three signals by telemetry to the wrist com (receiving unit) which will measure approximately 2 x 4 x 3/4 inches and will be fastened to the wrist by a strap. The three vibration signals are fire alarm, time period indication, and a third signal which will alert the wearer of the wrist com to the fact that the pin on the top of the wrist is emitting a morse coded message. The Morse code message can be felt and recognized with the finger.

  4. 43 CFR 10010.24 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Environmental Impact Statements § 10010.24 Page limits. An EIS should be as brief as possible and still convey... documents of up to 300 pages are acceptable for more comprehensive issues. Where the text of an EIS for...

  5. Proposing a Wiki-Based Technique for Collaborative Essay Writing (Propuesta de un modelo pedagógico para la escritura colaborativa de ensayos en un entorno virtual wiki)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz Navarrete, Mabel; Ferreira Cabrera, Anita

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims at proposing a technique for students learning English as a foreign language when they collaboratively write an argumentative essay in a wiki environment. A wiki environment and collaborative work play an important role within the academic writing task. Nevertheless, an appropriate and systematic work assignment is required in…

  6. Interstellar Initiative Web Page Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mehta, Alkesh

    1999-01-01

    This summer at NASA/MSFC, I have contributed to two projects: Interstellar Initiative Web Page Design and Lenz's Law Relative Motion Demonstration. In the Web Design Project, I worked on an Outline. The Web Design Outline was developed to provide a foundation for a Hierarchy Tree Structure. The Outline would help design a Website information base for future and near-term missions. The Website would give in-depth information on Propulsion Systems and Interstellar Travel. The Lenz's Law Relative Motion Demonstrator is discussed in this volume by Russell Lee.

  7. 16 CFR 436.3 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cover page. 436.3 Section 436.3 Commercial... CONCERNING FRANCHISING Contents of a Disclosure Document 436.3 Cover page. Begin the disclosure document with a cover page, in the order and form as follows: (a) The title FRANCHISE DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT...

  8. 43 CFR 10010.24 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Page limits. 10010.24 Section 10010.24... Environmental Impact Statements 10010.24 Page limits. An EIS should be as brief as possible and still convey the required information. Normally this should be accomplished in less than 150 pages,...

  9. 43 CFR 10010.24 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Page limits. 10010.24 Section 10010.24... Environmental Impact Statements 10010.24 Page limits. An EIS should be as brief as possible and still convey the required information. Normally this should be accomplished in less than 150 pages,...

  10. 12 CFR 1010.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cover page. 1010.105 Section 1010.105 Banks and... 1010.105 Cover page. The cover page of the Property Report shall be prepared in accordance with the... reads as follows: READ THIS PROPERTY REPORT BEFORE SIGNING ANYTHING. (c) The remainder of the...

  11. 16 CFR 436.3 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cover page. 436.3 Section 436.3 Commercial... CONCERNING FRANCHISING Contents of a Disclosure Document 436.3 Cover page. Begin the disclosure document with a cover page, in the order and form as follows: (a) The title FRANCHISE DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT...

  12. 16 CFR 436.3 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cover page. 436.3 Section 436.3 Commercial... CONCERNING FRANCHISING Contents of a Disclosure Document 436.3 Cover page. Begin the disclosure document with a cover page, in the order and form as follows: (a) The title FRANCHISE DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT...

  13. 12 CFR 1010.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cover page. 1010.105 Section 1010.105 Banks and... 1010.105 Cover page. The cover page of the Property Report shall be prepared in accordance with the... reads as follows: READ THIS PROPERTY REPORT BEFORE SIGNING ANYTHING. (c) The remainder of the...

  14. 43 CFR 10010.24 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Page limits. 10010.24 Section 10010.24... Environmental Impact Statements 10010.24 Page limits. An EIS should be as brief as possible and still convey the required information. Normally this should be accomplished in less than 150 pages,...

  15. 16 CFR 436.3 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cover page. 436.3 Section 436.3 Commercial... CONCERNING FRANCHISING Contents of a Disclosure Document 436.3 Cover page. Begin the disclosure document with a cover page, in the order and form as follows: (a) The title FRANCHISE DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT...

  16. 12 CFR 1010.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cover page. 1010.105 Section 1010.105 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION LAND REGISTRATION (REGULATION J) Reporting Requirements § 1010.105 Cover page. The cover page of the Property Report shall be prepared in accordance with...

  17. Making the Editorial Page More Dynamic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jungblut, Joseph A.

    1991-01-01

    Asserts that editorial pages need a distinctive look so that the reader knows the difference between the editorial page and any other page in the paper. Offers ideas for creating the design, the masthead, the editorial itself, editorial artwork, personal columns, letters to the editor, and photo polls. Discusses eight types of editorial styles.…

  18. The State of Wiki Usage in U.S. K-12 Schools: Leveraging Web 2.0 Data Warehouses to Study Quality and Equality in Online Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Blair Justin Fire

    2012-01-01

    In the first part of this dissertation, I document wiki usage in U.S. K-12 settings by analyzing data on a representative sample drawn from a population of nearly 180,000 wikis. My research group, which I lead and managed, measured the opportunities wikis provide for students to develop 21st century skills such as expert thinking, complex

  19. "He's Gone and Wrote over It": The Use of Wikis for Collaborative Report Writing in a Primary School Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doult, Will; Walker, S. Aisha

    2014-01-01

    Wikis (websites that can be edited quickly by multiple authors) were used with upper-primary school children to write group reports on a science topic. Two teachers observed the children working, and their observations were used alongside the texts from the wikis and group interviews with children to explore the question of whether using wikis

  20. The State of Wiki Usage in U.S. K-12 Schools: Leveraging Web 2.0 Data Warehouses to Assess Quality and Equity in Online Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Justin; Murnane, Richard; Willett, John

    2012-01-01

    To document wiki usage in U.S. K-12 settings, this study examined a representative sample drawn from a population of nearly 180,000 wikis. The authors measured the opportunities wikis provide for students to develop 21st-century skills such as expert thinking, complex communication, and new media literacy. The authors found four types of wiki…

  1. The State of Wiki Usage in U.S. K-12 Schools: Leveraging Web 2.0 Data Warehouses to Study Quality and Equality in Online Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reich, Blair Justin Fire

    2012-01-01

    In the first part of this dissertation, I document wiki usage in U.S. K-12 settings by analyzing data on a representative sample drawn from a population of nearly 180,000 wikis. My research group, which I lead and managed, measured the opportunities wikis provide for students to develop 21st century skills such as expert thinking, complex…

  2. Developing Collaborative Autonomous Learning Abilities in Computer Mediated Language Learning: Attention to Meaning among Students in Wiki Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kessler, Greg; Bikowski, Dawn

    2010-01-01

    This study reports on attention to meaning among 40 NNS pre-service EFL teachers as they collaboratively constructed a wiki in a 16-week online course. Focus is placed upon the nature of individual and group behavior when attending to meaning in a long-term wiki-based collaborative activity as well as the students' collaborative autonomous

  3. The Role of the Constructivist Learning Theory and Collaborative Learning Environment on Wiki Classroom, and the Relationship between Them

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alzahrani, Ibraheem; Woollard, John

    2013-01-01

    This paper seeks to discover the relationship between both the social constructivist learning theory and the collaborative learning environment. This relationship can be identified by giving an example of the learning environment. Due to wiki characteristics, Wiki technology is one of the most famous learning environments that can show the…

  4. An Exploratory Study on Using Wiki to Foster Student Teachers' Learner-Centered Learning and Self and Peer Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, Eugenia M. W.; Lai, Yiu Chi

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses an exploratory study that examined whether a wiki-based project could foster student-centered learning. Student teachers were divided into five groups to tackle a group project which involved creating digital learning materials on wiki that could teach information technology (IT) to secondary school students. As assessment

  5. Empirical Testing of a Theoretical Extension of the Technology Acceptance Model: An Exploratory Study of Educational Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Xun

    2010-01-01

    This study extended the technology acceptance model and empirically tested the new model with wikis, a new type of educational technology. Based on social cognitive theory and the theory of planned behavior, three new variables, wiki self-efficacy, online posting anxiety, and perceived behavioral control, were added to the original technology

  6. Wiki-Supported Collaborative Learning in Primary Education: How a Dialogic Space Is Created for Thinking Together

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pifarre, Manoli; Kleine Staarman, Judith

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores how wikis may be used to support primary education students' collaborative interaction and how such an interaction process can be characterised. The overall aim of this study is to analyse the collaborative processes of students working together in a wiki environment, in order to see how primary students can actively create a

  7. The Zebrafish GenomeWiki: a crowdsourcing approach to connect the long tail for zebrafish gene annotation.

    PubMed

    Singh, Meghna; Bhartiya, Deeksha; Maini, Jayant; Sharma, Meenakshi; Singh, Angom Ramcharan; Kadarkaraisamy, Subburaj; Rana, Rajiv; Sabharwal, Ankit; Nanda, Srishti; Ramachandran, Aravindhakshan; Mittal, Ashish; Kapoor, Shruti; Sehgal, Paras; Asad, Zainab; Kaushik, Kriti; Vellarikkal, Shamsudheen Karuthedath; Jagga, Divya; Muthuswami, Muthulakshmi; Chauhan, Rajendra K; Leonard, Elvin; Priyadarshini, Ruby; Halimani, Mahantappa; Malhotra, Sunny; Patowary, Ashok; Vishwakarma, Harinder; Joshi, Prateek; Bhardwaj, Vivek; Bhaumik, Arijit; Bhatt, Bharat; Jha, Aamod; Kumar, Aalok; Budakoti, Prerna; Lalwani, Mukesh Kumar; Meli, Rajeshwari; Jalali, Saakshi; Joshi, Kandarp; Pal, Koustav; Dhiman, Heena; Laddha, Saurabh V; Jadhav, Vaibhav; Singh, Naresh; Pandey, Vikas; Sachidanandan, Chetana; Ekker, Stephen C; Klee, Eric W; Scaria, Vinod; Sivasubbu, Sridhar

    2014-01-01

    A large repertoire of gene-centric data has been generated in the field of zebrafish biology. Although the bulk of these data are available in the public domain, most of them are not readily accessible or available in nonstandard formats. One major challenge is to unify and integrate these widely scattered data sources. We tested the hypothesis that active community participation could be a viable option to address this challenge. We present here our approach to create standards for assimilation and sharing of information and a system of open standards for database intercommunication. We have attempted to address this challenge by creating a community-centric solution for zebrafish gene annotation. The Zebrafish GenomeWiki is a 'wiki'-based resource, which aims to provide an altruistic shared environment for collective annotation of the zebrafish genes. The Zebrafish GenomeWiki has features that enable users to comment, annotate, edit and rate this gene-centric information. The credits for contributions can be tracked through a transparent microattribution system. In contrast to other wikis, the Zebrafish GenomeWiki is a 'structured wiki' or rather a 'semantic wiki'. The Zebrafish GenomeWiki implements a semantically linked data structure, which in the future would be amenable to semantic search. Database URL: http://genome.igib.res.in/twiki. PMID:24578356

  8. Wiki-Mediated Activities in Higher Education: Evidence-Based Analysis of Learning Effectiveness across Three Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altanopoulou, Panagiota; Tselios, Nikolaos; Katsanos, Christos; Georgoutsou, Maria; Panagiotaki, Maria-Antonia

    2015-01-01

    A considerable interest in using Web 2.0 technologies such as wikis in education has been observed recently. Despite the advantages of the wiki technology, a number of questions concerning design of appropriate activities and their learning effectiveness remain open. In this paper, we present the results of three activities involving first-year…

  9. Empirical Testing of a Theoretical Extension of the Technology Acceptance Model: An Exploratory Study of Educational Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Xun

    2010-01-01

    This study extended the technology acceptance model and empirically tested the new model with wikis, a new type of educational technology. Based on social cognitive theory and the theory of planned behavior, three new variables, wiki self-efficacy, online posting anxiety, and perceived behavioral control, were added to the original technology…

  10. Enhancing Successful Outcomes of Wiki-Based Collaborative Writing: A State-of-the-Art Review of Facilitation Frameworks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoddart, Andrew; Chan, Joe Yong-Yi; Liu, Gi-Zen

    2016-01-01

    This state-of-the-art review research undertook a survey of a variety of studies regarding wiki-based collaborative writing projects and from this body of work extracted the best practices tenets of facilitation. Wiki-based collaborative writing projects are becoming more common in second language (L2) pedagogy. Such projects have multiple aims.…

  11. Characterisation of Pre-Service Teachers' Attitude to Feedback in a Wiki-Environment Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peled, Yehuda; Bar-Shalom, Oded; Sharon, Rakefet

    2014-01-01

    This is a two-phase research process in a wiki environment. The first phase explored (1) the significance of peer-feedback on students' academic performance on a specific task in a wiki environment, (2) three types of peer-feedback and (3) students' constraints on offering meaningful feedback to their peers. The objective of phase two…

  12. The NASA Human Research Wiki - An Online Collaboration Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barr, Yael; Rasbury, Jack; Johnson, Jordan; Barstend, Kristina; Saile, Lynn; Watkins, Sharmi

    2012-01-01

    The Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) element is one of six elements of the Human Research Program (HRP). ExMC is charged with decreasing the risk of: "Inability to adequately recognize or treat an ill or injured crew member" for exploration-class missions In preparation for exploration-class missions, ExMC has compiled a large evidence base, previously available only to persons within the NASA community. ExMC has developed the "NASA Human Research Wiki" in an effort to make the ExMC information available to the general public and increase collaboration within and outside of NASA. The ExMC evidence base is comprised of several types of data, including: (1)Information on more than 80 medical conditions which could occur during space flight (a)Derived from several sources (b)Including data on incidence and potential outcomes, as captured in the Integrated Medical Model s (IMM) Clinical Finding Forms (CliFFs). (2)Approximately 25 gap reports (a)Identify any "gaps" in knowledge and/or technology that would need to be addressed in order to provide adequate medical support for these novel missions.

  13. OBSERVING TERRESTRIAL BIOMASS GLOBALLY: http://biomass.geo-wiki.org

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fritz, S.; Shchepashchenko, D.; McCallum, I.; Perger, C.; Schill, C.; Baccini, A.; Gallaun, H.; Kindermann, G.; Obersteiner, M.; Santoro, M.; Schmullius, C. C.; Shvidenko, A.

    2011-12-01

    Terrestrial biomass has been recognized as an essential climate variable and as such represents an important dataset for the scientific community. While a lot of effort has gone into producing such datasets in recent years, there is a need to begin to harmonize efforts. To that end, http://Biomass.Geo-Wiki.org presents a collection of global, regional and in-situ biomass datasets produced by a number of institutions, overlaid on the Google Earth platform (Table). Datasets contain above ground live biomass, forest woody biomass and in-situ forest biomass measurements and span spatial scales from global to national, regional and plot measurements in the northern Eurasia (Table). All datasets obtained were converted into unified units and a common color scheme and are available for visual comparison. As we assemble further datasets, the goal is to perform various scientific tasks including: gap analysis, cross-product validation, possible harmonization and hybrid product development. Furthermore, this tool could potentially provide the necessary scientific platform to enhance collaboration in the area of global biomass monitoring.
    Onboard Biomass Datasets Description

  14. Beyond Wiki to Judgewiki for Transparent Climate Change Decisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capron, M. E.

    2008-12-01

    Climate Change is like the prisoner's dilemma, a zero-sum game, or cheating in sports. Everyone and every country is tempted to selfishly maintain or advance their standard of living. The tremendous difference between standards of living amplifies the desire to opt out of Climate Change solutions adverse to economic competitiveness. Climate Change is also exceedingly complex. No one person, one organization, one country, or partial collection of countries has the capacity and the global support needed to make decisions on Climate Change solutions. There are thousands of potential actions, tens of thousands of known and unknown environmental and economic impacts. Some actions are belatedly found to be unsustainable beyond token volumes, corn ethanol or soy-biodiesel for example. Mankind can address human nature and complexity with a globally transparent information and decision process available to all 7 billion of us. We need a process that builds trust and simplifies complexity. Fortunately, we have the Internet for trust building communication and computers to simplify complexity. Mankind can produce new software tailored to the challenge. We would combine group information collection software (a wiki) with a decision-matrix (a judge), market forecasting, and video games to produce the tool mankind needs for trust building transparent decisions on Climate Change actions. The resulting software would be a judgewiki.

  15. MetaBase—the wiki-database of biological databases

    PubMed Central

    Bolser, Dan M.; Chibon, Pierre-Yves; Palopoli, Nicolas; Gong, Sungsam; Jacob, Daniel; Angel, Victoria Dominguez Del; Swan, Dan; Bassi, Sebastian; González, Virginia; Suravajhala, Prashanth; Hwang, Seungwoo; Romano, Paolo; Edwards, Rob; Bishop, Bryan; Eargle, John; Shtatland, Timur; Provart, Nicholas J.; Clements, Dave; Renfro, Daniel P.; Bhak, Daeui; Bhak, Jong

    2012-01-01

    Biology is generating more data than ever. As a result, there is an ever increasing number of publicly available databases that analyse, integrate and summarize the available data, providing an invaluable resource for the biological community. As this trend continues, there is a pressing need to organize, catalogue and rate these resources, so that the information they contain can be most effectively exploited. MetaBase (MB) (http://MetaDatabase.Org) is a community-curated database containing more than 2000 commonly used biological databases. Each entry is structured using templates and can carry various user comments and annotations. Entries can be searched, listed, browsed or queried. The database was created using the same MediaWiki technology that powers Wikipedia, allowing users to contribute on many different levels. The initial release of MB was derived from the content of the 2007 Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) Database Issue. Since then, approximately 100 databases have been manually collected from the literature, and users have added information for over 240 databases. MB is synchronized annually with the static Molecular Biology Database Collection provided by NAR. To date, there have been 19 significant contributors to the project; each one is listed as an author here to highlight the community aspect of the project. PMID:22139927

  16. Implementation and Evaluation of a Wiki Involving Multiple Stakeholders Including Patients in the Promotion of Best Practices in Trauma Care: The WikiTrauma Interrupted Time Series Protocol

    PubMed Central

    Turgeon, Alexis F; Witteman, Holly O; Lauzier, François; Moore, Lynne; Lamontagne, François; Horsley, Tanya; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Droit, Arnaud; Weiss, Matthew; Tremblay, Sébastien; Lachaine, Jean; Le Sage, Natalie; Émond, Marcel; Berthelot, Simon; Plaisance, Ariane; Lapointe, Jean; Razek, Tarek; van de Belt, Tom H; Brand, Kevin; Bérubé, Mélanie; Clément, Julien; Grajales III, Francisco Jose; Eysenbach, Gunther; Kuziemsky, Craig; Friedman, Debbie; Lang, Eddy; Muscedere, John; Rizoli, Sandro; Roberts, Derek J; Scales, Damon C; Sinuff, Tasnim; Stelfox, Henry T; Gagnon, Isabelle; Chabot, Christian; Grenier, Richard; Légaré, France

    2015-01-01

    Background Trauma is the most common cause of mortality among people between the ages of 1 and 45 years, costing Canadians 19.8 billion dollars a year (2004 data), yet half of all patients with major traumatic injuries do not receive evidence-based care, and significant regional variation in the quality of care across Canada exists. Accordingly, our goal is to lead a research project in which stakeholders themselves will adapt evidence-based trauma care knowledge tools to their own varied institutional contexts and cultures. We will do this by developing and assessing the combined impact of WikiTrauma, a free collaborative database of clinical decision support tools, and Wiki101, a training course teaching participants how to use WikiTrauma. WikiTrauma has the potential to ensure that all stakeholders (eg, patients, clinicians, and decision makers) can all contribute to, and benefit from, evidence-based clinical knowledge about trauma care that is tailored to their own needs and clinical setting. Objective Our main objective will be to study the combined effect of WikiTrauma and Wiki101 on the quality of care in four trauma centers in Quebec. Methods First, we will pilot-test the wiki with potential users to create a version ready to test in practice. A rapid, iterative prototyping process with 15 health professionals from nonparticipating centers will allow us to identify and resolve usability issues prior to finalizing the definitive version for the interrupted time series. Second, we will conduct an interrupted time series to measure the impact of our combined intervention on the quality of care in four trauma centers that will be selected—one level I, one level II, and two level III centers. Participants will be health care professionals working in the selected trauma centers. Also, five patient representatives will be recruited to participate in the creation of knowledge tools destined for their use (eg, handouts). All participants will be invited to complete the Wiki101 training and then use, and contribute to, WikiTrauma for 12 months. The primary outcome will be the change over time of a validated, composite, performance indicator score based on 15 process performance indicators found in the Quebec Trauma Registry. Results This project was funded in November 2014 by the Canadian Medical Protective Association. We expect to start this trial in early 2015 and preliminary results should be available in June 2016. Two trauma centers have already agreed to participate and two more will be recruited in the next months. Conclusions We expect that this study will add important and unique evidence about the effectiveness, safety, and cost savings of using collaborative platforms to adapt knowledge implementation tools across jurisdictions. PMID:25699546

  17. WikiCell: A Unified Resource Platform for Human Transcriptomics Research

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Dongyu; Wu, Jiayan; Zhou, Yuanyuan; Gong, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Here we present a database, WikiCell, as a portal for a unified view of the human transcriptome. At present, WikiCell consists of Expressed Sequenced Tags (ESTs), and users can access, curate, and submit database data by interactive mode, and also can browse, query, upload, and download sequences. Researchers can utilize the transcriptome model based on a human taxonomy graph. The sequences in each model are sorted by attributes such as physiological and pathological samples. The Genbank EST data format are conserved. Gene information is provided, including housekeeping genes, taxonomy location, and gene ontology (GO) description. We believe that WikiCell provides a useful resource for defining expression pattern and tissue differentiation based on human taxonomy mode. It can be accessed at http://www.wikicell.org/. PMID:22702248

  18. Wiki-based Knowledge Sharing in A Knowledge-Intensive Organization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Changping; Zhao, Yang; Zhao, Xueqin

    Knowledge sharing is the core of knowledge management. For a knowledge-intensive organization, knowledge sharing plays a very important role in organizational knowledge integration and innovation. However, as many knowledge-intensive organizations do not have good knowledge-sharing platforms and advanced methods, it is very difficult for them to achieve knowledge sharing effectively. Wiki is a kind of new software of knowledge sharing, generated along with the development of web 2.0. It can effectively help organizations achieve internal knowledge sharing. From the necessity and validity of knowledge sharing inside a knowledge-intensive organization, this article discusses the important role of Wiki for knowledge sharing combined the characteristics of it, on the basis of which studies the implementation of Wiki-based knowledge sharing in a knowledge-intensive organization.

  19. Using a Semantic Wiki for Documentation Management in Very Small Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ribaud, Vincent; Saliou, Philippe

    The emerging ISO/IEC 29110 standard Lifecycle profiles for Very Small Entities is targeted at very small entity (VSE) having up to 25 people, to assist them unlock the potential benefits of using software engineering standards. VSEs may use semantic web technologies to improve documentation management infrastructure and processes. We proposed to use a semantic wiki for documentation management based on an identification scheme inspired from an IFLA proposition called Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. The document identification scheme allows documents to be managed by the internal resource management of the semantic wiki, hence benefiting from a straightforward but powerful version control. With few inputs of semantic annotations by VSE employees - through usable semantic forms and templates, the semantic wiki acts as a library catalog, and users can find, identify, select, obtain, and navigate resources.

  20. Structural basis and selectivity of tankyrase inhibition by a Wnt signaling inhibitor WIKI4.

    PubMed

    Haikarainen, Teemu; Venkannagari, Harikanth; Narwal, Mohit; Obaji, Ezeogo; Lee, Hao-Wei; Nkizinkiko, Yves; Lehtiö, Lari

    2013-01-01

    Recently a novel inhibitor of Wnt signaling was discovered. The compound, WIKI4, was found to act through tankyrase inhibition and regulate β-catenin levels in many cancer cell lines and human embryonic stem cells. Here we confirm that WIKI4 is a high potency tankyrase inhibitor and that it selectively inhibits tankyrases over other ARTD enzymes tested. The binding mode of the compound to tankyrase 2 was determined by protein X-ray crystallography to 2.4 Å resolution. The structure revealed a novel binding mode to the adenosine subsite of the donor NAD(+) binding groove of the catalytic domain. Our results form a structural basis for further development of potent and selective tankyrase inhibitors based on the WIKI4 scaffold. PMID:23762361

  1. Structural Basis and Selectivity of Tankyrase Inhibition by a Wnt Signaling Inhibitor WIKI4

    PubMed Central

    Haikarainen, Teemu; Venkannagari, Harikanth; Narwal, Mohit; Obaji, Ezeogo; Lee, Hao-Wei; Nkizinkiko, Yves; Lehtiö, Lari

    2013-01-01

    Recently a novel inhibitor of Wnt signaling was discovered. The compound, WIKI4, was found to act through tankyrase inhibition and regulate β-catenin levels in many cancer cell lines and human embryonic stem cells. Here we confirm that WIKI4 is a high potency tankyrase inhibitor and that it selectively inhibits tankyrases over other ARTD enzymes tested. The binding mode of the compound to tankyrase 2 was determined by protein X-ray crystallography to 2.4 Å resolution. The structure revealed a novel binding mode to the adenosine subsite of the donor NAD+ binding groove of the catalytic domain. Our results form a structural basis for further development of potent and selective tankyrase inhibitors based on the WIKI4 scaffold. PMID:23762361

  2. Genetics Home Reference: Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... MedlinePlus (4 links) Encyclopedia: Collapsed Lung Health Topic: Kidney Cancer Health Topic: Lung Diseases Health Topic: Skin Conditions ... Additional NIH Resources (1 link) National Cancer Institute: Kidney Cancer Home Page Educational Resources (5 links) BHD Foundation: ...

  3. Home Hemodialysis

    MedlinePlus

    ... the home. Most machines also need a special water treatment system and a drain. Some machines operate with ... the home. Most machines also need a special water treatment system and a drain. [ Top ] Clinical Trials The ...

  4. 47 CFR 22.503 - Paging geographic area authorizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service § 22.503 Paging geographic area authorizations... replacement. (d) Filing windows. The FCC accepts applications for paging geographic area authorizations...

  5. Research brief: using a Wiki to support student nurses learning discipline specific health terminology.

    PubMed

    Honey, Michelle; Doherty, Iain

    2014-03-01

    This study aimed to clarify whether a collaborative exercise using a Wiki to teach nursing students health-specific terminology resulted in better learning. In one New Zealand School of Nursing a list of health-related and discipline-specific terms was created, first-year nursing students were expected to learn these before their initial clinical practice. However, students found the terms difficult to learn. The use of a collaborative Wiki exercise to create a glossary of health terms was seen as a way to aid student learning, while also providing a learning environment where students would develop collaborative skills. PMID:24839746

  6. Calling on a million minds for community annotation in WikiProteins.

    PubMed

    Mons, Barend; Ashburner, Michael; Chichester, Christine; van Mulligen, Erik; Weeber, Marc; den Dunnen, Johan; van Ommen, Gert-Jan; Musen, Mark; Cockerill, Matthew; Hermjakob, Henning; Mons, Albert; Packer, Abel; Pacheco, Roberto; Lewis, Suzanna; Berkeley, Alfred; Melton, William; Barris, Nickolas; Wales, Jimmy; Meijssen, Gerard; Moeller, Erik; Roes, Peter Jan; Borner, Katy; Bairoch, Amos

    2008-01-01

    WikiProteins enables community annotation in a Wiki-based system. Extracts of major data sources have been fused into an editable environment that links out to the original sources. Data from community edits create automatic copies of the original data. Semantic technology captures concepts co-occurring in one sentence and thus potential factual statements. In addition, indirect associations between concepts have been calculated. We call on a 'million minds' to annotate a 'million concepts' and to collect facts from the literature with the reward of collaborative knowledge discovery. The system is available for beta testing at http://www.wikiprofessional.org. PMID:18507872

  7. Calling on a million minds for community annotation in WikiProteins

    PubMed Central

    Mons, Barend; Ashburner, Michael; Chichester, Christine; van Mulligen, Erik; Weeber, Marc; den Dunnen, Johan; van Ommen, Gert-Jan; Musen, Mark; Cockerill, Matthew; Hermjakob, Henning; Mons, Albert; Packer, Abel; Pacheco, Roberto; Lewis, Suzanna; Berkeley, Alfred; Melton, William; Barris, Nickolas; Wales, Jimmy; Meijssen, Gerard; Moeller, Erik; Roes, Peter Jan; Borner, Katy; Bairoch, Amos

    2008-01-01

    WikiProteins enables community annotation in a Wiki-based system. Extracts of major data sources have been fused into an editable environment that links out to the original sources. Data from community edits create automatic copies of the original data. Semantic technology captures concepts co-occurring in one sentence and thus potential factual statements. In addition, indirect associations between concepts have been calculated. We call on a 'million minds' to annotate a 'million concepts' and to collect facts from the literature with the reward of collaborative knowledge discovery. The system is available for beta testing at . PMID:18507872

  8. ArrayWiki: an enabling technology for sharing public microarray data repositories and meta-analyses

    PubMed Central

    Stokes, Todd H; Torrance, JT; Li, Henry; Wang, May D

    2008-01-01

    Background A survey of microarray databases reveals that most of the repository contents and data models are heterogeneous (i.e., data obtained from different chip manufacturers), and that the repositories provide only basic biological keywords linking to PubMed. As a result, it is difficult to find datasets using research context or analysis parameters information beyond a few keywords. For example, to reduce the "curse-of-dimension" problem in microarray analysis, the number of samples is often increased by merging array data from different datasets. Knowing chip data parameters such as pre-processing steps (e.g., normalization, artefact removal, etc), and knowing any previous biological validation of the dataset is essential due to the heterogeneity of the data. However, most of the microarray repositories do not have meta-data information in the first place, and do not have a a mechanism to add or insert this information. Thus, there is a critical need to create "intelligent" microarray repositories that (1) enable update of meta-data with the raw array data, and (2) provide standardized archiving protocols to minimize bias from the raw data sources. Results To address the problems discussed, we have developed a community maintained system called ArrayWiki that unites disparate meta-data of microarray meta-experiments from multiple primary sources with four key features. First, ArrayWiki provides a user-friendly knowledge management interface in addition to a programmable interface using standards developed by Wikipedia. Second, ArrayWiki includes automated quality control processes (caCORRECT) and novel visualization methods (BioPNG, Gel Plots), which provide extra information about data quality unavailable in other microarray repositories. Third, it provides a user-curation capability through the familiar Wiki interface. Fourth, ArrayWiki provides users with simple text-based searches across all experiment meta-data, and exposes data to search engine crawlers (Semantic Agents) such as Google to further enhance data discovery. Conclusions Microarray data and meta information in ArrayWiki are distributed and visualized using a novel and compact data storage format, BioPNG. Also, they are open to the research community for curation, modification, and contribution. By making a small investment of time to learn the syntax and structure common to all sites running MediaWiki software, domain scientists and practioners can all contribute to make better use of microarray technologies in research and medical practices. ArrayWiki is available at . PMID:18541053

  9. Home visits

    PubMed Central

    Pereles, Laurie

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To review trends and current practices in delivery of medical care at home. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE A MEDLINE search from January 1989 to March 2000 yielded 65 articles. Most articles are descriptive; analytical studies are rare. MAIN MESSAGE The number of home visits made by physicians has consistently declined in the last 30 years. The most common reasons cited are lack of efficiency, the time required, and poor reimbursement. Home visits, reserved mainly for frail elderly people and palliative patients, are seen as valuable for preventing unnecessary visits to emergency rooms and hospitalizations. Home visits are also useful for reducing caregivers' stress, monitoring chronic illnesses, and assessing need for institutionalization. Home visiting requires special skills; these must be taught to current trainees. CONCLUSION With the shift to more community-based care, the demand for physicians to make home visits will increase. Physicians must be adequately prepared to deliver home care and be reimbursed appropriately. PMID:11072584

  10. Social Bookmarking Induced Active Page Ranking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, Tsubasa; Kitagawa, Hiroyuki; Watanabe, Keita

    Social bookmarking services have recently made it possible for us to register and share our own bookmarks on the web and are attracting attention. The services let us get structured data: (URL, Username, Timestamp, Tag Set). And these data represent user interest in web pages. The number of bookmarks is a barometer of web page value. Some web pages have many bookmarks, but most of those bookmarks may have been posted far in the past. Therefore, even if a web page has many bookmarks, their value is not guaranteed. If most of the bookmarks are very old, the page may be obsolete. In this paper, by focusing on the timestamp sequence of social bookmarkings on web pages, we model their activation levels representing current values. Further, we improve our previously proposed ranking method for web search by introducing the activation level concept. Finally, through experiments, we show effectiveness of the proposed ranking method.

  11. Realistic page-turning of electronic books

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Chaoran; Li, Haisheng; Bai, Yannan

    2014-01-01

    The booming electronic books (e-books), as an extension to the paper book, are popular with readers. Recently, many efforts are put into the realistic page-turning simulation o f e-book to improve its reading experience. This paper presents a new 3D page-turning simulation approach, which employs piecewise time-dependent cylindrical surfaces to describe the turning page and constructs smooth transition method between time-dependent cylinders. The page-turning animation is produced by sequentially mapping the turning page into the cylinders with different radii and positions. Compared to the previous approaches, our method is able to imitate various effects efficiently and obtains more natural animation of turning page.

  12. 47 CFR 22.559 - Paging application requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.559 Paging application... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Paging application requirements. 22.559 Section... Two-way Mobile Operation...

  13. 47 CFR 22.559 - Paging application requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.559 Paging application... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Paging application requirements. 22.559 Section... Two-way Mobile Operation...

  14. 47 CFR 22.559 - Paging application requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.559 Paging application... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Paging application requirements. 22.559 Section... Two-way Mobile Operation...

  15. Four Single-Page Learning Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hlynka, Denis

    1979-01-01

    Identifies four models of single-page learning systems that can streamline lengthy, complex prose: Information Mapping, Focal Press Model, Behavioral Objectives Model, and School Mathematics Model. (CMV)

  16. Effects of Linear Texts in Page Scrolling and Page-by-Page Reading Forms on Reading Comprehension Introduction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Ayfer

    2011-01-01

    This research aims to analyse the Effect of Scrolling and page by page moving Static Texts on Comprehension of Screen Reading of 4th grade students. The sample was composed of 46 students of 4th grade students of a elementary school in Kirsehir Central Province. The classrooms of the participants were selected by random sampling method and

  17. DNA Topoisomerase/Integrase Group, LMP

    Cancer.gov

    Welcome to the DNA Topoisomerase/Integrase Group's Wiki Home page. This web site provides additional information on the research performed by the DNA Topoisomerase/Integrase Group, LMP, which focuses on Topoisomerase, HIV-1 integrase and Tdp1 inhibitors.

  18. A Collaborative, Wiki-Based Organic Chemistry Project Incorporating Free Chemistry Software on the Web

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Michael J.; Moore, Jeffrey S.

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, postsecondary instructors have recognized the potential of wikis to transform the way students learn in a collaborative environment. However, few instructors have embraced in-depth student use of chemistry software for the creation of interactive chemistry content on the Web. Using currently available software, students are able…

  19. The Zones of Proximal and Distal Development in Chinese Language Studies with the Use of Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chew, Esyin; Ding, Seong Lin

    2014-01-01

    Educational practitioners in the higher education institutions of the UK have increasingly promoted the use of wikis. The technology enhanced learning experience of the UK was transferred to a local higher educational agency in Malaysia through a collaborative research project called WiLearn. By examining a student cohort enrolled in Chinese…

  20. Student-Initiated Attention to Form in Wiki-Based Collaborative Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kessler, Greg

    2009-01-01

    This study reports on student initiated attention to form within the collaborative construction of a wiki among pre-service Non-Native Speaker (NNS) English teachers. Forty NNS pre-service teachers from a large Mexican university were observed over a period of a sixteen week semester in an online content-based course aimed at improving their

  1. Using Wikis and Blogs for Assessment in First-Year Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Elizabeth Joy; Mills, Julie Evelyn; Myers, Baden

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine some of the strengths and weaknesses of the use of online tools such as wikis and blogs for assessment purposes, with the aim of proposing future developments and improvements. Design/methodology/approach: The paper utilises a case study approach by examining the outcomes of a new first-year course for all

  2. Using Wikis to Enhance Website Peer Evaluation in an Online Website Development Course: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Wu

    2011-01-01

    Peer evaluations are often used to improve learning in educational settings. As more and more online courses are offered, it is becoming increasingly important to explore new techniques for conducting peer evaluation in online courses. In recent years, wikis have increasingly been used in higher education to support learning and group work.

  3. "A Learning Journey for All": American Elementary Teachers' Use of Classroom Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Lena

    2012-01-01

    In response to the needs for understanding teaching practices and approaches with a technology tool in actual elementary classrooms, this paper examines the perspectives of American elementary teachers who use classroom wikis. Specially, it examines three main ideas: (a) teaching approaches and strategies across subject areas in the primary and…

  4. Collaborative Learning Using Wiki Web Sites for Computer Science Undergraduate Education: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, W.-T.; Li, W.; Elston, J.; Chen, Y.

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes a collaborative approach to enhancing the student learning experience based on Web 2.0 principles. Specifically, wiki Web sites are used by students for collaboration and for publication of course assignments, which are then shared with the class. Web 2.0 principles include: the Web as platform, harnessing collective…

  5. Preparing Students to Use Wiki Software as a Collaborative Learning Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rott, Susanne; Weber, Elizabeth Dolly

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we outline an approach to learner preparation that provides a framework to effectively structure a collaborative and cooperative student research assignment using a wiki site as a writing platform. While students are familiar with posting pictures and videos online, they may not be aware of how to effectively integrate text and…

  6. Wiki and Digital Video Use in Strategic Interaction-Based Experiential EFL Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dehaan, Jonathan; Johnson, Neil H.; Yoshimura, Noriko; Kondo, Takako

    2012-01-01

    This paper details the use of a free and access-controlled wiki as the learning management system for a four-week teaching module designed to improve the oral communication skills of Japanese university EFL students. Students engaged in repeated experiential learning cycles of planning, doing, observing, and evaluating their performance of a role

  7. Wiki Technology: A Virtual, Cooperative Learning Tool Used to Enhance Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrera, Alessandra L.

    2015-01-01

    This study demonstrates the use of wiki technology (an editable webpage environment) to provide a virtual, asynchronous collaborative-learning environment for students for the purpose of working on course-content-focused study-guide questions. To analyze the effectiveness of this course tool, students' responses to various qualitative and

  8. Peer-Feedback and Revision Process in a Wiki Mediated Collaborative Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woo, Matsuko Mukumoto; Chu, Samuel Kai Wah; Li, Xuanxi

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the use of a wiki for collaborative writing among primary levels five (P5) and six (P6) students (n = 119) in a Chinese primary school in Hong Kong where English is taught as a second language (L2). Three classes of students and their English subject teachers participated in a three-month English language writing programme

  9. Wiki as a Collaborative Learning Tool in a Language Arts Methods Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthew, Kathryn I.; Felvegi, Emese; Callaway, Rebecca A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how contributing to a class wiki affected the learning of pre-service teachers enrolled in a language arts methods class. Participants included 37 preservice teachers enrolled in three sections of a field-based language arts methods class during two semesters. Data collection included online observations

  10. Exploring the Use of Wikis for Information Sharing in Interdisciplinary Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phuwanartnurak, Jiranida

    2013-01-01

    Interdisciplinary design presents challenges in design collaboration due to the difficulty in communicating and coordinating among disciplines. Many tools have been developed and used to support information sharing in design, and the use of Web technology is becoming increasingly important for the sharing of information within design teams. Wikis

  11. Assessment of Collaborative Learning Experiences by Graphical Analysis of Wiki Contributions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palomo-Duarte, Manuel; Dodero, Juan Manuel; Medina-Bulo, Inmaculada; Rodrguez-Posada, Emilio J.; Ruiz-Rube, Ivn

    2014-01-01

    The widespread adoption of computers and Internet in our life has reached the classrooms, where computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) based on wikis offers new ways of collaboration and encourages student participation. When the number of contributions from students increases, traditional assessment procedures of e-learning settings

  12. "A Learning Journey for All": American Elementary Teachers' Use of Classroom Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Lena

    2012-01-01

    In response to the needs for understanding teaching practices and approaches with a technology tool in actual elementary classrooms, this paper examines the perspectives of American elementary teachers who use classroom wikis. Specially, it examines three main ideas: (a) teaching approaches and strategies across subject areas in the primary and

  13. Factors Influencing Perceived Usefulness of Wikis for Group Collaborative Learning by First Year Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guo, Zixiu; Stevens, Kenneth John

    2011-01-01

    This study reports the findings of an investigation of the factors influencing the use and usefulness of wikis in an introductory, undergraduate information systems course. Informed by the media choice, technology acceptance model from information systems research, and group collaborative learning research from the education literature, a survey

  14. Learning Styles and Perceptions of Student Teachers of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Strategy Using Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Kai Ming

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the results of an attempt to integrate a collaborative technology, Wiki, into learning within a course in a teacher education programme based on social constructivist learning theory. The current study aimed to explore student-teacher acceptance of the proposed pedagogy and to identify specific learning style preferences that

  15. Exploring Factors Affecting Students' Continued Wiki Use for Individual and Collaborative Learning: An Extended UTAUT Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yueh, Hsiu-Ping; Huang, Jo-Yi; Chang, Chueh

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what factors affect students' adaptation and continued use of a Wiki system for collaborative writing tasks through an extension of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). This study was conducted in a general education course in a university in northern Taiwan. Data were

  16. The Zones of Proximal and Distal Development in Chinese Language Studies with the Use of Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chew, Esyin; Ding, Seong Lin

    2014-01-01

    Educational practitioners in the higher education institutions of the UK have increasingly promoted the use of wikis. The technology enhanced learning experience of the UK was transferred to a local higher educational agency in Malaysia through a collaborative research project called WiLearn. By examining a student cohort enrolled in Chinese

  17. Power to the people: a wiki-governance model for biobanks.

    PubMed

    Dove, Edward S; Joly, Yann; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2012-01-01

    Biobanks are adopting various modes of public engagement to close the agency gap between participants and biobank builders. We propose a wiki-governance model for biobanks that harnesses Web 2.0, and which gives citizens the ability to collaborate in biobank governance and policymaking. PMID:22647613

  18. Integrating Wikis as Educational Tools for the Development of a Community of Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eteokleous, Nikleia; Ktoridou, Despo; Orphanou, Maria

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a study that attempted to evaluate the integration of wikis as an educational tool in successfully achieving the learning objectives of a fifth-grade linguistics and literature course. A mixed-method approach was employed--data were collected via questionnaires, reflective journals, observations, and interviews. The results

  19. Content Creators and Language Learners: Exploring Web 2.0 and Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Dorothy Valcarcel

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study examined the use of Wikis and blogs among graduate students in an online class that was part of a teacher preparation program in English as a Second Language. Participants included practicing teachers and graduate assistants who represented a variety of learning environments and experiences. The study was framed by a set of…

  20. A Wiki-Based Group Project in an Inorganic Chemistry Foundation Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristian, Kathleen E.

    2015-01-01

    A semester-long group project that utilizes wiki sites to enhance collaboration was developed for a foundation course in inorganic chemistry. Through structured assignments, student groups use metal-based or metal-combating therapeutic agents as a model for applying and understanding course concepts; they also gain proficiency with scientific- and

  1. Students' Perceptions of Wiki-Based Collaborative Writing for Learners of English as a Foreign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chao, Yu-Chuan Joni; Lo, Hao-Chang

    2011-01-01

    This study proposes a Wiki-based collaborative writing approach to the writing process for EFL (English as a foreign language) learners. A five-stage computer-mediated collaborative writing project including collaborative planning, partitioned drafting, peer-revising, peer-editing, and individual publishing was blended with on-campus English…

  2. Exploring Teachers' Perceptions of Wikis for Learning Classroom Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quek, Choon Lang; Wang, Qiyun

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores three potential affordances (social, technical and pedagogical) of wikis in the context of designing 32 teachers' learning of classroom management cases. Two learning environments were designed and two groups of the teacher-participants posted their own written and audio cases, identified problems, discussed and proposed…

  3. Wiki Technology as a Design Tool for a Capstone Design Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadley, Kevin R.; Debelak, Kenneth A.

    2009-01-01

    Technology is a key component to the net generation's social, study, and professional skills. It is prudent to investigate the applications of new technology in education. In this study, a wiki was incorporated into a senior design course, and its utility was investigated with respect to process design. The results of the study indicate wikis…

  4. Social Negotiations in a Wiki Environment: A Case Study with Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vratulis, Vetta; Dobson, Teresa M.

    2008-01-01

    Understanding of the nature of social negotiations in social software spaces used in support of formal, face-to-face education remains limited. In this paper, we consider how a community of learners working collaboratively in a wiki environment established social hierarchies and negotiated power. Described is a study with 36 pre-service teachers

  5. Learning Styles and Perceptions of Student Teachers of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Strategy Using Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Kai Ming

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the results of an attempt to integrate a collaborative technology, Wiki, into learning within a course in a teacher education programme based on social constructivist learning theory. The current study aimed to explore student-teacher acceptance of the proposed pedagogy and to identify specific learning style preferences that…

  6. Using Wikis to Enhance Website Peer Evaluation in an Online Website Development Course: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Wu

    2011-01-01

    Peer evaluations are often used to improve learning in educational settings. As more and more online courses are offered, it is becoming increasingly important to explore new techniques for conducting peer evaluation in online courses. In recent years, wikis have increasingly been used in higher education to support learning and group work.…

  7. Investigating a Nigerian XXL-Cohort Wiki-Learning Experience: Observation, Feedback and Reflection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aborisade, Peter

    2009-01-01

    A regular feature of the Nigerian tertiary education context is large numbers of students crammed into small classrooms or lecture theatres. This context had long begged for the creation of innovative learning spaces and adoption of engaging pedagogies. Recourse to technology support and experimenting with the WIKI as a learning tool at the

  8. Wikis, Workshops and Writing: Strategies for Flipping a College Community Engagement Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloy, Robert W.; Edwards, Sharon A.; Evans, Allison

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes utilizing wiki technology, small group workshops, and reflective writing assignments to "flip" a community engagement/service-learning course for college undergraduates who are tutoring culturally and linguistically diverse students in K-12 schools. Flipped classrooms are gaining popularity in the teaching of…

  9. Wiki Technology: A Virtual, Cooperative Learning Tool Used to Enhance Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrera, Alessandra L.

    2015-01-01

    This study demonstrates the use of wiki technology (an editable webpage environment) to provide a virtual, asynchronous collaborative-learning environment for students for the purpose of working on course-content-focused study-guide questions. To analyze the effectiveness of this course tool, students' responses to various qualitative and…

  10. Using Wikis to Develop Summary Writing Abilities of Students in an EFL Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichadee, Saovapa

    2010-01-01

    The research studied and compared students' English summary writing ability before and after they were taught through wiki, a powerful tool, promoting collaborative learning environments among students. The research design is a kind of one group pre-test post-test. The target group was 35 students who enrolled in EN 111 course (Fundamental English…

  11. Wiki and Digital Video Use in Strategic Interaction-Based Experiential EFL Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dehaan, Jonathan; Johnson, Neil H.; Yoshimura, Noriko; Kondo, Takako

    2012-01-01

    This paper details the use of a free and access-controlled wiki as the learning management system for a four-week teaching module designed to improve the oral communication skills of Japanese university EFL students. Students engaged in repeated experiential learning cycles of planning, doing, observing, and evaluating their performance of a role…

  12. A Systemic and Cognitive View on Collaborative Knowledge Building with Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cress, Ulrike; Kimmerle, Joachim

    2008-01-01

    Wikis provide new opportunities for learning and for collaborative knowledge building as well as for understanding these processes. This article presents a theoretical framework for describing how learning and collaborative knowledge building take place. In order to understand these processes, three aspects need to be considered: the social…

  13. A Wiki-Based Group Project in an Inorganic Chemistry Foundation Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristian, Kathleen E.

    2015-01-01

    A semester-long group project that utilizes wiki sites to enhance collaboration was developed for a foundation course in inorganic chemistry. Through structured assignments, student groups use metal-based or metal-combating therapeutic agents as a model for applying and understanding course concepts; they also gain proficiency with scientific- and…

  14. Mashing-Up Wikis and Forums: A Case Study of Collaborative Problem-Based Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ioannou, Andri; Stylianou-Georgiou, Agni

    2012-01-01

    A lot of studies have investigated the isolated use of threaded discussion and wiki technologies to facilitate collaboration in online learning settings. Nevertheless, the integration of both technologies into a potentially superior collaborative learning tool has not been explicitly investigated. This manuscript reports on an effort to undertake…

  15. Wiki-Based Collaborative Writing Activities in EFL Classrooms: Exploring Teachers' Intervention in the Collaborative Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alghasab, Maha

    2014-01-01

    This pilot study was designed to explore EFL teachers' and students' online interaction during wiki based collaborative writing activities. It aims to explore the collaborative behaviours that students engaged in and to what extent the teachers' intervention can promote students' collaboration. The study has a multiple qualitative case study…

  16. Peer-Feedback and Revision Process in a Wiki Mediated Collaborative Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woo, Matsuko Mukumoto; Chu, Samuel Kai Wah; Li, Xuanxi

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the use of a wiki for collaborative writing among primary levels five (P5) and six (P6) students (n = 119) in a Chinese primary school in Hong Kong where English is taught as a second language (L2). Three classes of students and their English subject teachers participated in a three-month English language writing programme…

  17. Exploring Factors Affecting Students' Continued Wiki Use for Individual and Collaborative Learning: An Extended UTAUT Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yueh, Hsiu-Ping; Huang, Jo-Yi; Chang, Chueh

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what factors affect students' adaptation and continued use of a Wiki system for collaborative writing tasks through an extension of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). This study was conducted in a general education course in a university in northern Taiwan. Data were…

  18. Patterns of Computer-Mediated Interaction in Small Writing Groups Using Wikis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Mimi; Zhu, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Informed by sociocultural theory and guided especially by "collective scaffolding", this study investigated the nature of computer-mediated interaction of three groups of English as a Foreign Language students when they performed collaborative writing tasks using wikis. Nine college students from a Chinese university participated in the…

  19. Using Wiki in Teacher Education: Impact on Knowledge Management Processes and Student Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biasutti, Michele; EL-Deghaidy, Heba

    2012-01-01

    The current study reports on the use of Wiki as an online didactic tool to develop knowledge management (KM) processes in higher education. This study integrates social constructivist principles to learning where learners are pro-active and collaborative through higher order cognitive processes. The study was administered in two countries, namely

  20. Power to the people: a wiki-governance model for biobanks

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Biobanks are adopting various modes of public engagement to close the agency gap between participants and biobank builders. We propose a wiki-governance model for biobanks that harnesses Web 2.0, and which gives citizens the ability to collaborate in biobank governance and policymaking. PMID:22647613

  1. Using Wikis and Blogs for Assessment in First-Year Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Elizabeth Joy; Mills, Julie Evelyn; Myers, Baden

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine some of the strengths and weaknesses of the use of online tools such as wikis and blogs for assessment purposes, with the aim of proposing future developments and improvements. Design/methodology/approach: The paper utilises a case study approach by examining the outcomes of a new first-year course for all…

  2. Interdisciplinary Project-Based Learning: An Online Wiki Experience in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biasutti, Michele; EL-Deghaidy, Heba

    2015-01-01

    In the current research study the use of Wikis as an online didactic tool to apply project-based learning in higher education was reported. The study was conducted in university teacher education programmes. During the online activities, participants developed interdisciplinary projects for the primary school working collaboratively in small…

  3. Using Wikis with Teacher Candidates: Promoting Collaborative Practice and Contextual Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wake, Donna Glenn; Modla, Virginia B.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines a collaborative study that two teacher educators conducted across two sites. Participants included teacher candidates implementing a digital language experience approach project with elementary learners. The teacher candidates collaborated across sites, building joint wikis to examine their processes and products. The wikis…

  4. Using Wikis as a Support and Assessment Tool in Collaborative Digital Game-Based Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samur, Yavuz

    2011-01-01

    In computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environments, there are many researches done on collaborative learning activities; however, in game-based learning environments, more research and literature on collaborative learning activities are required. Actually, both game-based learning environments and wikis enable us to use new chances…

  5. Assessment of Collaborative Learning Experiences by Graphical Analysis of Wiki Contributions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palomo-Duarte, Manuel; Dodero, Juan Manuel; Medina-Bulo, Inmaculada; Rodríguez-Posada, Emilio J.; Ruiz-Rube, Iván

    2014-01-01

    The widespread adoption of computers and Internet in our life has reached the classrooms, where computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) based on wikis offers new ways of collaboration and encourages student participation. When the number of contributions from students increases, traditional assessment procedures of e-learning settings…

  6. Empathy 2.0 and the Wonderful World of Wiki Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarrant, Cindy; Godwin, Kathryn; Daniel, Stacey; Bolton, Dawn

    2013-01-01

    In a perfect world, diversity would abound in people's daily lives, promoting friendships across racial, ethnic, and religious lines. When that is not possible and students learn in a more segregated setting, wikis provide a tool to reach beyond the school walls, find a diverse audience, and create meaningful discourse. This article narrates an…

  7. A Collaborative, Wiki-Based Organic Chemistry Project Incorporating Free Chemistry Software on the Web

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Michael J.; Moore, Jeffrey S.

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, postsecondary instructors have recognized the potential of wikis to transform the way students learn in a collaborative environment. However, few instructors have embraced in-depth student use of chemistry software for the creation of interactive chemistry content on the Web. Using currently available software, students are able

  8. Factors Influencing Perceived Usefulness of Wikis for Group Collaborative Learning by First Year Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guo, Zixiu; Stevens, Kenneth John

    2011-01-01

    This study reports the findings of an investigation of the factors influencing the use and usefulness of wikis in an introductory, undergraduate information systems course. Informed by the media choice, technology acceptance model from information systems research, and group collaborative learning research from the education literature, a survey…

  9. Using Wiki in Teacher Education: Impact on Knowledge Management Processes and Student Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biasutti, Michele; EL-Deghaidy, Heba

    2012-01-01

    The current study reports on the use of Wiki as an online didactic tool to develop knowledge management (KM) processes in higher education. This study integrates social constructivist principles to learning where learners are pro-active and collaborative through higher order cognitive processes. The study was administered in two countries, namely…

  10. An introduction to Turning the Pages.

    PubMed

    Kinally, Bridget; Stocking, Michael

    2007-06-01

    Turning the Pages, the award-winning interactive program developed by the British Library, provides access to unique medical resources held by the Wellcome Library, allowing visitors to 'turn' the pages virtually, zoom in on the high-quality digitized images and read (or listen to) notes explaining the beauty and significance of each text. PMID:17671916

  11. Adding Sound and Video to Web Pages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duval, Beverly K.; Main, Linda

    1997-01-01

    Explains how to incorporate sound and video into Web pages with special software and HTML tags. Topics include creating sound files; sound formats; video technology; video formats; referencing sound and video files in HTML pages; embedding sounds and videos; players, plug-ins, and viewers; sound and video files from the Web; and streaming. (LRW)

  12. Unit Pages: Differentiation for 200 Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carver, Andrea; Bailey, Janelle M.

    2010-01-01

    Based upon the models of differentiated instruction (Tomlinson and Edison 2003) and Layered Curriculum (Nunley 2004), the author created the Unit Pages strategy. Just like Layered Curriculum, the pages can be handed directly to students, allowing them to take charge of their own learning rather than requiring the teacher to individually monitor

  13. Web Page Authoring Tools: Comparison and Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craney, Linda

    Initially available from universities and individual enthusiasts, software tools to author World Wide Web pages are maturing into very feature-rich applications and are now offered by large corporations. These applications are enabling more companies to create and maintain pages themselves on the Web or on corporate Intranets. The market continues…

  14. 40 CFR 1502.7 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Page limits. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT 1502.7 Page limits. The text of final environmental impact statements (e.g., paragraphs (d) through (g) of ...

  15. 40 CFR 1502.7 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Page limits. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT 1502.7 Page limits. The text of final environmental impact statements (e.g., paragraphs (d) through (g) of ...

  16. 40 CFR 1502.7 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Page limits. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT 1502.7 Page limits. The text of final environmental impact statements (e.g., paragraphs (d) through (g) of ...

  17. 40 CFR 1502.7 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Page limits. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT 1502.7 Page limits. The text of final environmental impact statements (e.g., paragraphs (d) through (g) of ...

  18. 40 CFR 1502.7 - Page limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Page limits. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT 1502.7 Page limits. The text of final environmental impact statements (e.g., paragraphs (d) through (g) of ...

  19. The pathology informatics curriculum wiki: Harnessing the power of user-generated content

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji Yeon; Gudewicz, Thomas M.; Dighe, Anand S.; Gilbertson, John R.

    2010-01-01

    Background: The need for informatics training as part of pathology training has never been so critical, but pathology informatics is a wide and complex field and very few programs currently have the resources to provide comprehensive educational pathology informatics experiences to their residents. In this article, we present the “pathology informatics curriculum wiki”, an open, on-line wiki that indexes the pathology informatics content in a larger public wiki, Wikipedia, (and other online content) and organizes it into educational modules based on the 2003 standard curriculum approved by the Association for Pathology Informatics (API). Methods and Results: In addition to implementing the curriculum wiki at http://pathinformatics.wikispaces.com, we have evaluated pathology informatics content in Wikipedia. Of the 199 non-duplicate terms in the API curriculum, 90% have at least one associated Wikipedia article. Furthermore, evaluation of articles on a five-point Likert scale showed high scores for comprehensiveness (4.05), quality (4.08), currency (4.18), and utility for the beginner (3.85) and advanced (3.93) learners. These results are compelling and support the thesis that Wikipedia articles can be used as the foundation for a basic curriculum in pathology informatics. Conclusions: The pathology informatics community now has the infrastructure needed to collaboratively and openly create, maintain and distribute the pathology informatics content worldwide (Wikipedia) and also the environment (the curriculum wiki) to draw upon its own resources to index and organize this content as a sustainable basic pathology informatics educational resource. The remaining challenges are numerous, but largest by far will be to convince the pathologists to take the time and effort required to build pathology informatics content in Wikipedia and to index and organize this content for education in the curriculum wiki. PMID:20805963

  20. Use and future of wiki systems in veterinary education? – A survey of lecturers in German-speaking countries

    PubMed Central

    Kolski, Darius; Heuwieser, Wolfgang; Arlt, Sebastian

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Wiki systems are becoming increasingly important in university teaching. Not much is known about the opinion of lecturers of veterinary medicine regarding the active participation of students in teaching, their opinion on wiki systems and their motivation to use them in courses and to improve the quality of information. The objective of the present study was to evaluate how lecturers of veterinary medicine estimate learning management systems and the production of text or material by students in courses, if they rate wiki systems as an appropriate tool for teaching, if they would use wiki systems for their courses and if they are willing to improve the quality of information. Methods: The data collection was carried out as an online survey using a five-point Likert scale. Lecturers of veterinary medicine in Germany, Austria and Switzerland were contacted (n=approx. 1700) out of which 139 completed (8.2%) the survey. Results: Most lecturers use LMS and consider it to be suitable for providing course material. Half of all respondents indicated that they believe that students achieve greater learning success by developing their own learning material. In courses 23.0% of their students develop own materials. The majority of lecturers considered wiki systems as an appropriate and complementary tool for teaching (53.6%). A collection of wiki articles is seen as useful (56.6%), particularly when experts review the contents. One third of the lecturers would use wiki systems for the creation of material by students, but 82.5% have not yet used them in teaching. One third is willing to participate in the review of articles with regard to their quality. Conclusion: The results show that many lecturers are willing to use veterinary wiki systems and that they regard them useful for teaching. According to the opinion of the majority of lecturers, the creation of material by students can lead to greater learning success and wiki systems are suitable for this purpose. We are about to develop strategies to support the implementation of wiki systems into veterinary education and a peer review system supported by lecturers. In a further project the actual learning success provided by the active use of wiki-systems by students will be evaluated. PMID:26604996

  1. Universal emergence of PageRank

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frahm, K. M.; Georgeot, B.; Shepelyansky, D. L.

    2011-11-01

    The PageRank algorithm enables us to rank the nodes of a network through a specific eigenvector of the Google matrix, using a damping parameter α ∈ ]0, 1[. Using extensive numerical simulations of large web networks, with a special accent on British University networks, we determine numerically and analytically the universal features of the PageRank vector at its emergence when α → 1. The whole network can be divided into a core part and a group of invariant subspaces. For α → 1, PageRank converges to a universal power-law distribution on the invariant subspaces whose size distribution also follows a universal power law. The convergence of PageRank at α → 1 is controlled by eigenvalues of the core part of the Google matrix, which are extremely close to unity, leading to large relaxation times as, for example, in spin glasses.

  2. Home Care

    MedlinePlus

    ... could. A home visit may also reveal caregiver burnout, elder abuse, or the use of medications that ... the needs of the older person. Similarly, caregiver burnout and stress may prevent continued safe care for ...

  3. [Home delivery].

    PubMed

    Olivier, S; Guidicelli, B; Gamerre, M

    1994-10-01

    Home delivery, although unconventional, has not totally disappeared. It sometimes results from the desire to "demedicalise" an event deemed natural and is sometimes the consequence of government policy and hence approved by medical authorities. This is the unique situation of Holland, where a highly efficient home delivery system has been created, with the possibility of transfer of the mother at any time to rapidly available emergency medical teams. In fact the large majority of home deliveries are accidental, unprepared and take place in the absence of any medical or paramedical assistance. All available studies show that perinatal and maternal morbidity associated with these accidental deliveries is greater than that of hospital deliveries, and this despite the setting up of emergency services responding as soon as a distress call is received. Home delivery should remain the exception at present since it is unable to guarantee a birth as undangerous as possible. PMID:7817075

  4. Nursing Homes

    MedlinePlus

    ... up like a hospital. The staff provides medical care, as well as physical, speech and occupational therapy. ... relationships with residents. Some nursing homes have special care units for people with serious memory problems such ...

  5. IV treatment at home

    MedlinePlus

    ... Central venous catheter - home; Peripheral venous catheter - home; Port - home; PICC line - home; Infusion therapy - home ... the following: Central venous catheter Central venous catheter - port Peripherally inserted central catheter Normal IV (one inserted ...

  6. WikiSensing: An Online Collaborative Approach for Sensor Data Management

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Dilshan; Ghanem, Moustafa; Guo, Yike

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for collaborative sensor data management known as WikiSensing. It is a novel approach that incorporates online collaboration with sensor data management. We introduce the work on this research by describing the motivation and challenges of designing and developing an online collaborative sensor data management system. This is followed by a brief survey on popular sensor data management and online collaborative systems. We then present the architecture for WikiSensing highlighting its main components and features. Several example scenarios are described to present the functionality of the system. We evaluate the approach by investigating the performance of aggregate queries and the scalability of the system. PMID:23201997

  7. The Logic of Wikis: The Possibilities of the Web 2.0 Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassman, Michael; Kang, Min Ju

    2011-01-01

    The emergence of Web 2.0 and some of its ascendant tools such as blogs and wikis have the potential to dramatically change education, both in how we conceptualize and operationalize processes and strategies. We argue in this paper that it is a change that has been over a century in coming. The promise of the Web 2.0 is similar to ideas proposed by…

  8. The Logic of Wikis: The Possibilities of the Web 2.0 Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassman, Michael; Kang, Min Ju

    2011-01-01

    The emergence of Web 2.0 and some of its ascendant tools such as blogs and wikis have the potential to dramatically change education, both in how we conceptualize and operationalize processes and strategies. We argue in this paper that it is a change that has been over a century in coming. The promise of the Web 2.0 is similar to ideas proposed by

  9. 47 CFR 22.531 - Channels for paging operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.531 Channels for paging operation... licensed under part 73 of this chapter. (d) Occasionally in case law and other formal and...

  10. 47 CFR 22.559 - Paging application requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.559 Paging application requirements. In addition to information required by subparts B and D and § 22.529, applications for... Two-way Mobile Operation...

  11. 47 CFR 22.531 - Channels for paging operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.531 Channels for paging operation... licensed under part 73 of this chapter. (d) Occasionally in case law and other formal and...

  12. 47 CFR 22.559 - Paging application requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MOBILE SERVICES Paging and Radiotelephone Service Paging Operation § 22.559 Paging application requirements. In addition to information required by subparts B and D and § 22.529, applications for... Two-way Mobile Operation...

  13. Use of a wiki as a radiology departmental knowledge management system.

    PubMed

    Meenan, Christopher; King, Antoinette; Toland, Christopher; Daly, Mark; Nagy, Paul

    2010-04-01

    Information technology teams in health care are tasked with maintaining a variety of information systems with complex support requirements. In radiology, this includes picture archive and communication systems, radiology information systems, speech recognition systems, and other ancillary systems. Hospital information technology (IT) departments are required to provide 24 x 7 support for these mission-critical systems that directly support patient care in emergency and other critical care departments. The practical know-how to keep these systems operational and diagnose problems promptly is difficult to maintain around the clock. Specific details on infrequent failure modes or advanced troubleshooting strategies may reside with only a few senior staff members. Our goal was to reduce diagnosis and recovery times for issues with our mission-critical systems. We created a knowledge base for building and quickly disseminating technical expertise to our entire support staff. We used an open source, wiki-based, collaborative authoring system internally within our IT department to improve our ability to deliver a high level of service to our customers. In this paper, we describe our evaluation of the wiki and the ways in which we used it to organize our support knowledge. We found the wiki to be an effective tool for knowledge management and for improving our ability to provide mission-critical support for health care IT systems. PMID:19184221

  14. The use of virtual microscopy and a wiki in pathology education: Tracking student use, involvement, and response

    PubMed Central

    Leifer, Zev

    2015-01-01

    Background: The pathology laboratory course at the New York College of Podiatric Medicine involves the use of Virtual Microscopy. The students can scan the whole slide, section by section, and zoom in or out. Methods: Using the advantages of digital pathology, the students can, in addition, access the slide collections from other medical schools and put up normal histology (control) slides side-by-side with the pathology. They can cut and paste and preserve the region of interest that they find. They can edit and annotate their slides. A wiki was created (http://pathlab2014.wikifoundry.com)for the Class of 2014. The students saved, edited and uploaded their slides. In the wiki format, other students could comment, further edit, and even delete the slides. Results: The students studied Basic Mechanisms and System Pathology. During this time, they saved, edited, shared, and uploaded their slides to the wiki. These were available in one full presentation and were also grouped into 16 albums. They were available to all. Student access was followed by Google analytics. At the end of the course, a questionnaire was distributed, assessing their impression of the wiki format and soliciting strengths and weaknesses. Conclusions: The use of a wiki has a number of important advantages in pathology education. It trains the students in the more sophisticated skills that they will use as professional pathologists or as clinicians: (1) Telepathology-it enables them to share slides and discuss observations. (2) Archiving and retrieval - It models the challenge faced by hospitals, diagnostic labs and physicians in maintaining a collection of slides in a form that is easily accessible. (3) Image analysis-familiarity with the wiki format allows them to jump easily to capturing and storing images found in the literature or in a pathologist's report. Experience with the use of a wiki in pathology education has been quite satisfactory from both the faculty and the student's point of view. PMID:26110097

  15. Exploration of Home Economics Occupations; Home and Family Education: 6775.01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Pauline; Estrada, Rosa J.

    The course, for use at the junior high school level, explores employment possibilities in home economics and related areas. Lists of resource materials, a pretest and posttest, and an extensive, 70-page curriculum guide are appended. The guide explores eight block areas: (1) introduction; (2) homemaking; (3) personal development for careers; (4)…

  16. Snails home

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunstan, D. J.; Hodgson, D. J.

    2014-06-01

    Many gardeners and horticulturalists seek non-chemical methods to control populations of snails. It has frequently been reported that snails that are marked and removed from a garden are later found in the garden again. This phenomenon is often cited as evidence for a homing instinct. We report a systematic study of the snail population in a small suburban garden, in which large numbers of snails were marked and removed over a period of about 6 months. While many returned, inferring a homing instinct from this evidence requires statistical modelling. Monte Carlo techniques demonstrate that movements of snails are better explained by drift under the influence of a homing instinct than by random diffusion. Maximum likelihood techniques infer the existence of two groups of snails in the garden: members of a larger population that show little affinity to the garden itself, and core members of a local garden population that regularly return to their home if removed. The data are strongly suggestive of a homing instinct, but also reveal that snail-throwing can work as a pest management strategy.

  17. A rendering approach for stereoscopic web pages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jianlong; Wang, Wenmin; Wang, Ronggang; Chen, Qinshui

    2014-03-01

    Web technology provides a relatively easy way to generate contents for us to recognize the world, and with the development of stereoscopic display technology, the stereoscopic devices will become much more popular. The combination of web technology and stereoscopic display technology will bring revolutionary visual effect. The Stereoscopic 3D (S3D) web pages, in which text, image and video may have different depth, can be displayed on stereoscopic display devices. This paper presents the approach about how to render two viewing S3D web pages including text, images, widgets: first, an algorithm should be developed in order to display stereoscopic elements like text, widgets by using 2D graphic library; second, a method should be presented to render stereoscopic web page based on current framework of the browser; third, a rough solution is invented to fix the problem that comes out in the method.

  18. European user trial of paging by satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fudge, R. E.; Fenton, C. J.

    1990-01-01

    British Telecom conceived the idea of adapting their existing paging service, together with the use of existing terrestrial pagers, to yield a one way data (i.e., paging) satellite service to mobiles. The user trial of paging by satellites was successful. It demonstrated that services could be provided over a wide geographical area to low priced terminals. Many lessons were learned in unexpected areas. These include the need for extensive liaison with all users involved, especially the drivers, to ensure they understood the potential benefits. There was a significant desire for a return acknowledgement channel or even a return data channel. Above all there is a need to ensure that the equipment can be taken across European borders and legitimately used in all European countries. The next step in a marketing assessment would be to consider the impact of two way data messaging such as INMARSAT-C.

  19. The mediating role of facebook fan pages.

    PubMed

    Chih, Wen-Hai; Hsu, Li-Chun; Wang, Kai-Yu; Lin, Kuan-Yu

    2014-01-01

    Using the dual mediation hypothesis, this study investigates the role of interestingness (the power of attracting or holding one's attention) attitude towards the news, in the formation of Facebook Fan Page users' electronic word-of-mouth intentions. A total of 599 Facebook fan page users in Taiwan were recruited and structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the research hypotheses. The results show that both perceived news entertainment and informativeness positively influence interestingness attitude towards the news. Interestingness attitude towards the news subsequently influences hedonism and utilitarianism attitudes towards the Fan Page, which then influence eWOM intentions. Interestingness attitude towards the news plays a more important role than hedonism and utilitarianism attitudes in generating electronic word-of-mouth intentions. Based on the findings, the implications and future research suggestions are provided. PMID:24875695

  20. Home Insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Under the Guaranteed Watt Savers (GWS) system, plans for a new home are computer analyzed for anticipated heat loss and gain. Specifications are specifically designed for each structure and a Smart- House Radiant Barrier is installed. Designed to reflect away 95% of the Sun's radiant energy, the radiant barrier is an adaptation of an aluminum shield used on Apollo spacecraft. On completion of a home, technicians using a machine, check for air tightness, by creating a vacuum in the house and computer calculations that measure the amount of air exchanged. A guarantee that only the specified number kilowatt hours will be used is then provided.

  1. SPAX - PAX with Super-Pages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bößwetter, Daniel

    Much has been written about the pros and cons of column-orientation as a means to speed up read-mostly analytic workloads in relational databases. In this paper we try to dissect the primitive mechanisms of a database that help express the coherence of tuples and present a novel way of organizing relational data in order to exploit the advantages of both, the row-oriented and the column-oriented world. As we go, we break with yet another bad habit of databases, namely the equal granularity of reads and writes which leads us to the introduction of consecutive clusters of disk pages called super-pages.

  2. Page Recognition: Quantum Leap In Recognition Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Larry

    1989-07-01

    No milestone has proven as elusive as the always-approaching "year of the LAN," but the "year of the scanner" might claim the silver medal. Desktop scanners have been around almost as long as personal computers. And everyone thinks they are used for obvious desktop-publishing and business tasks like scanning business documents, magazine articles and other pages, and translating those words into files your computer understands. But, until now, the reality fell far short of the promise. Because it's true that scanners deliver an accurate image of the page to your computer, but the software to recognize this text has been woefully disappointing. Old optical-character recognition (OCR) software recognized such a limited range of pages as to be virtually useless to real users. (For example, one OCR vendor specified 12-point Courier font from an IBM Selectric typewriter: the same font in 10-point, or from a Diablo printer, was unrecognizable!) Computer dealers have told me the chasm between OCR expectations and reality is so broad and deep that nine out of ten prospects leave their stores in disgust when they learn the limitations. And this is a very important, very unfortunate gap. Because the promise of recognition -- what people want it to do -- carries with it tremendous improvements in our productivity and ability to get tons of written documents into our computers where we can do real work with it. The good news is that a revolutionary new development effort has led to the new technology of "page recognition," which actually does deliver the promise we've always wanted from OCR. I'm sure every reader appreciates the breakthrough represented by the laser printer and page-makeup software, a combination so powerful it created new reasons for buying a computer. A similar breakthrough is happening right now in page recognition: the Macintosh (and, I must admit, other personal computers) equipped with a moderately priced scanner and OmniPage software (from Caere Corporation) can recognize not only different fonts (omnifont recogniton) but different page (omnipage) formats, as well.

  3. Enhancing networking and proactive learning skills in the first year university experience through the use of wikis.

    PubMed

    Morley, Dawn Angela

    2012-04-01

    This paper discusses the introduction of blended learning strategies, a combination of traditional and online techniques, into the first year of a new preregistration nursing advanced diploma and degree programme at Bournemouth University (UK). During a ten week sociology of health academic unit, in the first term of a three year nursing course, wikis were introduced as a complementary learning technique to traditional lectures and seminars. Wikis, an online application, provided eleven student seminar groups (each divided into 4 online or elearning groups of 6-8 students) with the potential to communicate collaboratively "anytime, anywhere" (JISC, 2010) to discuss a sociology preparation activity for the preceding week. The implementation of this elearning tool was structured through the application of Salmon's five stage model (Salmon, 2002) and evaluated from 69 students' online contributions to wikis as well as questionnaires completed by both a sample of students and academic staff. As well as the many comments made by students the evaluation indicated that 45% of students' responses valued wikis as a communication tool and 33% believed it promoted or allowed the sharing of group views. The evaluation presents and critiques the initial project management using Salmon's five stage model and the engagement of students and academic staff. In particular it begins to show how wikis have the potential to structure academic learning and promote social networking in the crucial first few months of a course. PMID:21481500

  4. Nursing Home Checklist

    MedlinePlus

    Nursing home checklist Name of nursing home: ____________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________________________ Phone number: __________________________________________________________ Date of visit: _____________________________________________________________ Basic information Yes No Notes Is the nursing home Medicare certified? Is the nursing ...

  5. A Capstone Wiki Knowledge Base: A Case Study of an Online Tool Designed to Promote Life-Long Learning through Engineering Literature Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, James B.; Coyle, James R.

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the results of a case study in which an experimental wiki knowledge base was designed, developed, and tested by the Brill Science Library at Miami University for an undergraduate engineering senior capstone project. The wiki knowledge base was created to determine if the science library could enhance the engineering literature…

  6. Improving Students' Summary Writing Ability through Collaboration: A Comparison between Online Wiki Group and Conventional Face-To-Face Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichadee, Saovapa

    2013-01-01

    Wikis, as one of the Web 2.0 social networking tools, have been increasingly integrated into second language (L2) instruction to promote collaborative writing. The current study examined and compared summary writing abilities between students learning by wiki-based collaboration and students learning by traditional face-to-face collaboration.…

  7. Learning Outcomes and Students' Perceptions of Online Writing: Simultaneous Implementation of a Forum, Blog, and Wiki in an EFL Blended Learning Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miyazoe, Terumi; Anderson, Terry

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the effectiveness of three different online writing activities in formal university education: forums, blogs, and wikis. Constructivism--reflective and collaborative learning fostered by scaffolding--provides a main support for their use in education. Prior research regarding the use of blogs and wikis, especially in language

  8. "He's Gone and Wrote over It": The Use of Wikis for Collaborative Report Writing in a Primary School Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doult, Will; Walker, S. Aisha

    2014-01-01

    Wikis (websites that can be edited quickly by multiple authors) were used with upper-primary school children to write group reports on a science topic. Two teachers observed the children working, and their observations were used alongside the texts from the wikis and group interviews with children to explore the question of whether using wikis…

  9. Learning Outcomes and Students' Perceptions of Online Writing: Simultaneous Implementation of a Forum, Blog, and Wiki in an EFL Blended Learning Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miyazoe, Terumi; Anderson, Terry

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the effectiveness of three different online writing activities in formal university education: forums, blogs, and wikis. Constructivism--reflective and collaborative learning fostered by scaffolding--provides a main support for their use in education. Prior research regarding the use of blogs and wikis, especially in language…

  10. A Capstone Wiki Knowledge Base: A Case Study of an Online Tool Designed to Promote Life-Long Learning through Engineering Literature Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, James B.; Coyle, James R.

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the results of a case study in which an experimental wiki knowledge base was designed, developed, and tested by the Brill Science Library at Miami University for an undergraduate engineering senior capstone project. The wiki knowledge base was created to determine if the science library could enhance the engineering literature

  11. Automatic home medical product recommendation.

    PubMed

    Luo, Gang; Thomas, Selena B; Tang, Chunqiang

    2012-04-01

    Web-based personal health records (PHRs) are being widely deployed. To improve PHR's capability and usability, we proposed the concept of intelligent PHR (iPHR). In this paper, we use automatic home medical product recommendation as a concrete application to demonstrate the benefits of introducing intelligence into PHRs. In this new application domain, we develop several techniques to address the emerging challenges. Our approach uses treatment knowledge and nursing knowledge, and extends the language modeling method to (1) construct a topic-selection input interface for recommending home medical products, (2) produce a global ranking of Web pages retrieved by multiple queries, and (3) provide diverse search results. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our techniques using USMLE medical exam cases. PMID:20703712

  12. Using the Genetics Home Reference Website | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePlus

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Genetics 101 Using the Genetics Home Reference Website Past Issues / Summer 2013 Table ... as the GHR website keeps growing. What Is Genetic Counseling? Genetic counseling provides information and support to ...

  13. 48 CFR 1852.215-81 - Proposal page limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Proposal page limitations... 1852.215-81 Proposal page limitations. As prescribed in 1815.209-70(d), insert the following provision: Proposal Page Limitations (FEB 1998) (a) The following page limitations are established for each portion...

  14. Young Children's Interpretations of Page Breaks in Contemporary Picture Storybooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sipe, Lawrence R.; Brightman, Anne E.

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on a study of the responses of a second-grade class to the page breaks in contemporary picturebooks. In a picturebook, the text and accompanying illustrations are divided into a series of facing pages called openings, and the divisions between the openings are called page breaks or turns. Unlike a novel, in which the page

  15. 48 CFR 1852.215-81 - Proposal page limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Proposal page limitations... 1852.215-81 Proposal page limitations. As prescribed in 1815.209-70(d), insert the following provision: Proposal Page Limitations (FEB 1998) (a) The following page limitations are established for each portion...

  16. What's Not Funny about the Funny Pages?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Lydia

    2008-01-01

    As a kid, Darrin Bell devoured newspaper comic strips. So it was disappointing whenever editors refused years later to add his comic strip, "Candorville," to their funny pages as soon as they saw that his lead characters were minorities. The editors would say they already carried a so-called Black strip. It is difficult for cartoonists like Bell…

  17. Policy Analysis of the Greenhouse Effect (PAGE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    PAGE09 is a spreadsheet probabilistic model written in Microsoft Office Excel. The model calculates regional and global impacts of climate change, and social costs of different greenhouse gases. It also calculates the costs of abatement and adaptation. It is an Integrated Assessm...

  18. 24 CFR 1710.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Cover page. 1710.105 Section 1710.105 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  19. 24 CFR 1710.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cover page. 1710.105 Section 1710.105 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  20. 24 CFR 1710.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Cover page. 1710.105 Section 1710.105 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  1. Reconfigurable Full-Page Braille Displays

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garner, H. Douglas

    1994-01-01

    Electrically actuated braille display cells of proposed type arrayed together to form full-page braille displays. Like other braille display cells, these provide changeable patterns of bumps driven by digitally recorded text stored on magnetic tapes or in solid-state electronic memories. Proposed cells contain electrorheological fluid. Viscosity of such fluid increases in strong electrostatic field.

  2. 16 CFR 436.3 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... with a cover page, in the order and form as follows: (a) The title “FRANCHISE DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT” in... begin operation of a franchise is . This includes that must be paid to the franchisor or affiliate. (2) This disclosure document summarizes certain provisions of your franchise agreement and...

  3. Turning the Page with Preconference Workshops

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowledge Quest, 2011

    2011-01-01

    For those who are experiencing a lack of creative inspiration within their school library program but are ready to "turn a page" in their career or school library program, they may head to Minneapolis to attend one of the many great preconference workshops. This article presents and describes preconference workshops design to rid librarians of the…

  4. Adding Graphics to Your WWW Page.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Descy, Don E.

    1995-01-01

    Explains how to retrieve graphics that are available on the World Wide Web and add them to a Web page using a word processor that can save documents in an ASCII (American Standard Code Information Interchange) text format and a new version of Netscape. A list of various, unrelated Internet resources is also included. (LRW)

  5. 24 CFR 1710.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Cover page. 1710.105 Section 1710.105 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... DEVELOPMENT (INTERSTATE LAND SALES REGISTRATION PROGRAM) LAND REGISTRATION Reporting Requirements §...

  6. 24 CFR 1710.105 - Cover page.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Cover page. 1710.105 Section 1710.105 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... DEVELOPMENT (INTERSTATE LAND SALES REGISTRATION PROGRAM) LAND REGISTRATION Reporting Requirements §...

  7. What's Not Funny about the Funny Pages?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Lydia

    2008-01-01

    As a kid, Darrin Bell devoured newspaper comic strips. So it was disappointing whenever editors refused years later to add his comic strip, "Candorville," to their funny pages as soon as they saw that his lead characters were minorities. The editors would say they already carried a so-called Black strip. It is difficult for cartoonists like Bell

  8. Perspectives on the Consecutive Pages Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Srinivasan, V. K.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents different approaches to a problem, dubbed by the author as "the consecutive pages problem". The aim of this teaching-oriented article is to promote the teaching of abstract concepts in mathematics, by selecting a challenging amusement problem and then presenting various solutions in such a way that it can engage the attention

  9. Turning the Page with Preconference Workshops

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowledge Quest, 2011

    2011-01-01

    For those who are experiencing a lack of creative inspiration within their school library program but are ready to "turn a page" in their career or school library program, they may head to Minneapolis to attend one of the many great preconference workshops. This article presents and describes preconference workshops design to rid librarians of the

  10. Thomas Jefferson, Page Design, and Desktop Publishing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, James

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of page design for desktop publishing focuses on the importance of functional issues as opposed to aesthetic issues, and criticizes a previous article that stressed aesthetic issues. Topics discussed include balance, consistency in text structure, and how differences in layout affect the clarity of "The Declaration of Independence."…

  11. Efficient Web Change Monitoring with Page Digest

    SciTech Connect

    Buttler, D J; Rocco, D; Liu, L

    2004-02-20

    The Internet and the World Wide Web have enabled a publishing explosion of useful online information, which has produced the unfortunate side effect of information overload: it is increasingly difficult for individuals to keep abreast of fresh information. In this paper we describe an approach for building a system for efficiently monitoring changes to Web documents. This paper has three main contributions. First, we present a coherent framework that captures different characteristics of Web documents. The system uses the Page Digest encoding to provide a comprehensive monitoring system for content, structure, and other interesting properties of Web documents. Second, the Page Digest encoding enables improved performance for individual page monitors through mechanisms such as short-circuit evaluation, linear time algorithms for document and structure similarity, and data size reduction. Finally, we develop a collection of sentinel grouping techniques based on the Page Digest encoding to reduce redundant processing in large-scale monitoring systems by grouping similar monitoring requests together. We examine how effective these techniques are over a wide range of parameters and have seen an order of magnitude speed up over existing Web-based information monitoring systems.

  12. Transition Metal-Catalyzed Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Heterocycles and Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Student-Generated ChemWiki and its Impact on Student Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, Jaclyn R.

    Section I describes progress towards the dehydrogenation of heterocycles, specifically tetrahydroquinolines and imidazolines. Chapter 1 details the development of an aerobic Pd catalyst system capable of aromatizing substituted tetrahydroquinolines in moderate to good yields. This catalyst system generally works well for substituted tetrahydroquinolines, although elimination of heteroatom substituents remains problematic. Chapter 2 describes the development of a copper-based catalyst system for the dehydrogenation of substituted imidazolines to imidazoles. This catalyst system is based upon the CuI/bpy/TEMPO/NMI system developed by the Stahl group, which has shown excellent reactivity towards alcohol oxidation. Efforts to adapt this system to imidazolines are described herein. Section II details the development, implementation, and evaluation of a student-generated chemistry wiki in large general chemistry courses. Chapter 3 describes a theoretical framework based in constructivist epistemology for the use of wikis in chemical education and presents previous examples and limitations of wiki usage in chemistry and non-chemistry environments. Chapter 4 details the process of designing the ChemWiki experiment and the ChemWiki website itself. A detailed description of the assessments used to evaluate student performance is also presented. Chapter 5 describes two surveys designed to assess the qualitative aspects of the second generation wiki design. Additionally, an overview of participants' perception of the chemistry wiki and its utility as well as data tracking logs of participants' interactions with the ChemWiki are presented. Chapter 6 presents a quantitative analysis of the efficacy of the chemistry wiki on student posttest scores. Chapter 7 summarizes the findings of this thesis and includes recommended future directions for the use of ChemWikis in chemical education environments.

  13. Home Seismometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horiuchi, S.; Yamamoto, S.; Nakmaura, H.; Wu, C.; Rydelek, P.; Kachi, M.

    2007-12-01

    We have developed an automated system for analyzing Hi-net seismograms for earthquake early warning (EEW) in Japan. Because of limitations imposed by station spacing, our system generally cannot issue an EEW to areas within about 30 km distance of the earthquake's hypocenter. We estimate that about 10 times the number of stations would be needed to issue an EEW in these areas, but the overhead would be cost prohibitive for governmental agencies. The practical deployment of EEW in Japan has started in October, 2007 and millions of people are expected to purchase and install the receiving/alarm unit of EEW. Since most of these units are connected to internet and equipped with a CPU and memory, we realized that the addition of an inexpensive seismometer and digitizer would transform the receiver into a real-time seismic observatory, which we are calling a home seismometer; these modifications only cost about $20. The home seismometer can help to generate alerts at the time of the occurrence of a large local earthquake by using locally observed data. Also, home seismograms can be used to estimate the amplification factor in sedimentary layers, which will be used to determine the site correction for shaking intensity by comparing the waveform data from the home seismometer against those from nearby Hi-net or K-NET stations. This amplification factor, which is essentially the basis of a shake-map with very-high spatial resolution, will help to establish a safety index of houses/buildings for large earthquakes, since a structure located at a site with large seismic amplification can be damaged more seriously than those with small amplification factors. The installation of home seismometers will create an extremely dense seismic network that is without precedence. We are developing an automatic system that collects waveform data from all home seismometer installations, calculates earthquake parameters in real-time, and then sends back alarms signals based on computed results in order to provide an accurate estimate of the expected shaking level at each house or building.

  14. Home Energy Score

    SciTech Connect

    2011-12-16

    The Home Energy Score allows a homeowner to compare her or his home's energy consumption to that of other homes, similar to a vehicle's mile-per-gallon rating. A home energy assessor will collect energy information during a brief home walk-through and then score that home on a scale of 1 to 10.

  15. A chemistry wiki to facilitate and enhance compound design in drug discovery.

    PubMed

    Robb, Graeme R; McKerrecher, Darren; Newcombe, Nicholas J; Waring, Mike J

    2013-02-01

    At AstraZeneca a focus on hypothesis-driven design and the formation of drug design teams has placed a greater emphasis on collaboration in the drug discovery process. We have created a novel software tool based on the principles of wikis and social networks to facilitate collaborative working, visual planning and incorporation of predictive science to improve design capability. Monitoring the design and make process via the tool enabled the identification of bottlenecks and delays. Solutions to these problems were implemented, reducing the time taken from the initial idea stage to the generation of the synthesised compound by more than 50%. PMID:22982302

  16. WikiBuild: A New Online Collaboration Process For Multistakeholder Tool Development and Consensus Building

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Flora T; Newton, David; Bhattacharyya, Onil K; Chignell, Mark H; Straus, Sharon E

    2011-01-01

    Background Production of media such as patient education tools requires methods that can integrate multiple stakeholder perspectives. Existing consensus techniques are poorly suited to design of visual media, can be expensive and logistically demanding, and are subject to caveats arising from group dynamics such as participant hierarchies. Objective Our objective was to develop a method that enables multistakeholder tool building while averting these difficulties. Methods We developed a wiki-inspired method and tested this through the collaborative design of an asthma action plan (AAP). In the development stage, we developed the Web-based tool by (1) establishing AAP content and format options, (2) building a Web-based application capable of representing each content and format permutation, (3) testing this tool among stakeholders, and (4) revising this tool based on stakeholder feedback. In the wiki stage, groups of participants used the revised tool in three separate 1-week “wiki” periods during which each group collaboratively authored an AAP by making multiple online selections. Results In the development stage, we recruited 16 participants (9/16 male) (4 pulmonologists, 4 primary care physicians, 3 certified asthma educators, and 5 patients) for system testing. The mean System Usability Scale (SUS) score for the tool used in testing was 72.2 (SD 10.2). In the wiki stage, we recruited 41 participants (15/41 male) (9 pulmonologists, 6 primary care physicians, 5 certified asthma educators, and 21 patients) from diverse locations. The mean SUS score for the revised tool was 75.9 (SD 19.6). Users made 872, 466, and 599 successful changes to the AAP in weeks 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The site was used actively for a mean of 32.0 hours per week, of which 3.1 hours per week (9.7%) constituted synchronous multiuser use (2–4 users at the same time). Participants averaged 23 (SD 33) minutes of login time and made 7.7 (SD 15) changes to the AAP per day. Among participants, 28/35 (80%) were satisfied with the final AAP, and only 3/34 (9%) perceived interstakeholder group hierarchies. Conclusion Use of a wiki-inspired method allowed for effective collaborative design of content and format aspects of an AAP while minimizing logistical requirements, maximizing geographical representation, and mitigating hierarchical group dynamics. Our method faced unique software and hardware challenges, and raises certain questions regarding its effect on group functioning. Potential uses of our method are broad, and further studies are required. PMID:22155694

  17. Achieving the 150-page environmental impact statement (and the 15-page environmental assessment)

    SciTech Connect

    Smillie, S.M.; Swartz, L.L.

    1997-08-01

    Regulations issued by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) to implement the procedural provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) state that the text of environmental impact statements (EIS) shall normally be less than 150 pages and for proposals of unusual scope or complexity shall normally be less than 300 pages. 40 CFR {section} 1502.7. Guidance issued by CEQ suggests that environmental assessments (EA) be 10--15 pages in length. Forty Most Asked Questions Concerning CEQ`s National Environmental Policy Act Regulations, 46 Fed. Reg. 18026 (1981), Questions 36a and 36b. Rarely are these page limits met. This paper will suggest some reasons why EISs and EAs are so lengthy and what can be done to shorten them appropriately while still fully complying with NEPA.

  18. Insights into Facebook Pages: an early adolescent health research study page targeted at parents.

    PubMed

    Amon, Krestina L; Paxton, Karen; Klineberg, Emily; Riley, Lisa; Hawke, Catherine; Steinbeck, Katharine

    2016-02-01

    Facebook has been used in health research, but there is a lack of literature regarding how Facebook may be used to recruit younger adolescents. A Facebook Page was created for an adolescent cohort study on the effects of puberty hormones on well-being and behaviour in early adolescence. Used as a communication tool with existing participants, it also aimed to alert potential participants to the study. The purpose of this paper is to provide a detailed description of the development of the study Facebook Page and present the fan response to the types of posts made on the Page using the Facebook-generated Insights data. Two types of posts were made on the study Facebook Page. The first type was study-related update posts and events. The second was relevant adolescent and family research and current news posts. Observations on the use of and response to the Page were made over 1 year across three phases (phase 1, very low Facebook use; phase 2, high Facebook use; phase 3, low Facebook use). Most Page fans were female (88.6%), with the largest group of fans aged between 35 and 44 years. Study-related update posts with photographs were the most popular. This paper provides a model on which other researchers could base Facebook communication and potential recruitment in the absence of established guidelines. PMID:25781667

  19. Evolving dynamic web pages using web mining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menon, Kartik; Dagli, Cihan H.

    2003-08-01

    The heterogeneity and the lack of structure that permeates much of the ever expanding information sources on the WWW makes it difficult for the user to properly and efficiently access different web pages. Different users have different needs from the same web page. It is necessary to train the system to understand the needs and demands of the users. In other words there is a need for efficient and proper web mining. In this paper issues and possible ways of training the system and providing high level of organization for semi structured data available on the web is discussed. Web pages can be evolved based on history of query searches, browsing, links traversed and observation of the user behavior like book marking and time spent on viewing. Fuzzy clustering techniques help in grouping natural users and groups, neural networks, association rules and web traversals patterns help in efficient sequential anaysis based on previous searches and queries by the user. In this paper we analyze web server logs using above mentioned techniques to know more about user interactions. Analyzing these web server logs help to closely understand the user behavior and his/her web access pattern.

  20. Adaptive sequential Bayesian classification using Page's test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lynch, Robert S., Jr.; Willett, Peter K.

    2002-03-01

    In this paper, the previously introduced Mean-Field Bayesian Data Reduction Algorithm is extended for adaptive sequential hypothesis testing utilizing Page's test. In general, Page's test is well understood as a method of detecting a permanent change in distribution associated with a sequence of observations. However, the relationship between detecting a change in distribution utilizing Page's test with that of classification and feature fusion is not well understood. Thus, the contribution of this work is based on developing a method of classifying an unlabeled vector of fused features (i.e., detect a change to an active statistical state) as quickly as possible given an acceptable mean time between false alerts. In this case, the developed classification test can be thought of as equivalent to performing a sequential probability ratio test repeatedly until a class is decided, with the lower log-threshold of each test being set to zero and the upper log-threshold being determined by the expected distance between false alerts. It is of interest to estimate the delay (or, related stopping time) to a classification decision (the number of time samples it takes to classify the target), and the mean time between false alerts, as a function of feature selection and fusion by the Mean-Field Bayesian Data Reduction Algorithm. Results are demonstrated by plotting the delay to declaring the target class versus the mean time between false alerts, and are shown using both different numbers of simulated training data and different numbers of relevant features for each class.

  1. FoodWiki: a Mobile App Examines Side Effects of Food Additives Via Semantic Web.

    PubMed

    Çelik Ertuğrul, Duygu

    2016-02-01

    In this article, a research project on mobile safe food consumption system (FoodWiki) is discussed that performs its own inferencing rules in its own knowledge base. Currently, the developed rules examines the side effects that are causing some health risks: heart disease, diabetes, allergy, and asthma as initial. There are thousands compounds added to the processed food by food producers with numerous effects on the food: to add color, stabilize, texturize, preserve, sweeten, thicken, add flavor, soften, emulsify, and so forth. Those commonly used ingredients or compounds in manufactured foods may have many side effects that cause several health risks such as heart disease, hypertension, cholesterol, asthma, diabetes, allergies, alzheimer etc. according to World Health Organization. Safety in food consumption, especially by patients in these risk groups, has become crucial, given that such health problems are ranked in the top ten health risks around the world. It is needed personal e-health knowledge base systems to help patients take control of their safe food consumption. The systems with advanced semantic knowledge base can provide recommendations of appropriate foods before consumption by individuals. The proposed FoodWiki system is using a concept based search mechanism that performs on thousands food compounds to provide more relevant information. PMID:26590979

  2. Open Content, Open Learning 2.0: Using Wikis and Blogs in Higher Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wheeler, Steve

    This chapter focuses on the use of open content social software (wikis and blogs) as online supporting and enabling tools for students in higher education. The chapter presents arguments from both strategic and pedagogical perspectives and focuses particularly on the reality of pedagogical change where self-directed and self-organized "informal" learning, open content, and open learning are challenging the traditionally accepted roles of both students and teachers. The chapter describes approaches used to promote best practice in the use of blogs and wikis for reflective practice, knowledge creation, and the promotion of a culture of sharing and collaboration. It introduces a new five-stage model of online learning activities presented as an adaptive framework and a second model which has been created to enable visualization of Web 2.0 tool integration. The chapter argues that open content tools present opportunities to promote positive changes in university education to enhance quality and extend access, by encouraging student-generated content, knowledge creation, and self-organized learning processes, wherever students are located.

  3. A Collaborative Web-Based Approach to Planning Research, Integration, and Testing Using a Wiki

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Delaney, Michael M.; Koshimoto, Edwin T.; Noble, Deleena; Duggan, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Integrated Vehicle Health Management program touches on many different research areas while striving to enable the automated detection, diagnosis, prognosis, and mitigation of adverse events at the aircraft and system level. At the system level, the research focus is on the evaluation of multidisciplinary integrated methods, tools, and technologies for achieving the program goal. The participating program members form a diverse group of government, industry, and academic researchers. The program team developed the Research and Test Integration Plan in order to track significant test and evaluation activities, which are important for understanding, demonstrating, and communicating the overall project state and project direction. The Plan is a living document, which allows the project team the flexibility to construct conceptual test scenarios and to track project resources. The Plan also incorporates several desirable feature requirements for Plan users and maintainers. A wiki has proven to be the most efficient and effective means of implementing the feature requirements for the Plan. The wiki has proven very valuable as a research project management tool, and there are plans to expand its scope.

  4. Wikis and Collaborative Writing Applications in Health Care: A Scoping Review

    PubMed Central

    Grajales III, Francisco J; Faber, Marjan J; Kuziemsky, Craig E; Gagnon, Susie; Bilodeau, Andrea; Rioux, Simon; Nelen, Willianne LDM; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Turgeon, Alexis F; Aubin, Karine; Gold, Irving; Poitras, Julien; Eysenbach, Gunther; Kremer, Jan AM; Légaré, France

    2013-01-01

    Background Collaborative writing applications (eg, wikis and Google Documents) hold the potential to improve the use of evidence in both public health and health care. The rapid rise in their use has created the need for a systematic synthesis of the evidence of their impact as knowledge translation (KT) tools in the health care sector and for an inventory of the factors that affect their use. Objective Through the Levac six-stage methodology, a scoping review was undertaken to explore the depth and breadth of evidence about the effective, safe, and ethical use of wikis and collaborative writing applications (CWAs) in health care. Methods Multiple strategies were used to locate studies. Seven scientific databases and 6 grey literature sources were queried for articles on wikis and CWAs published between 2001 and September 16, 2011. In total, 4436 citations and 1921 grey literature items were screened. Two reviewers independently reviewed citations, selected eligible studies, and extracted data using a standardized form. We included any paper presenting qualitative or quantitative empirical evidence concerning health care and CWAs. We defined a CWA as any technology that enables the joint and simultaneous editing of a webpage or an online document by many end users. We performed qualitative content analysis to identify the factors that affect the use of CWAs using the Gagnon framework and their effects on health care using the Donabedian framework. Results Of the 111 studies included, 4 were experimental, 5 quasi-experimental, 5 observational, 52 case studies, 23 surveys about wiki use, and 22 descriptive studies about the quality of information in wikis. We classified them by theme: patterns of use of CWAs (n=26), quality of information in existing CWAs (n=25), and CWAs as KT tools (n=73). A high prevalence of CWA use (ie, more than 50%) is reported in 58% (7/12) of surveys conducted with health care professionals and students. However, we found only one longitudinal study showing that CWA use is increasing in health care. Moreover, contribution rates remain low and the quality of information contained in different CWAs needs improvement. We identified 48 barriers and 91 facilitators in 4 major themes (factors related to the CWA, users’ knowledge and attitude towards CWAs, human environment, and organizational environment). We also found 57 positive and 23 negative effects that we classified into processes and outcomes. Conclusions Although we found some experimental and quasi-experimental studies of the effectiveness and safety of CWAs as educational and KT interventions, the vast majority of included studies were observational case studies about CWAs being used by health professionals and patients. More primary research is needed to find ways to address the different barriers to their use and to make these applications more useful for different stakeholders. PMID:24103318

  5. "I Felt Like the Enemy and the Savior All at Once": English Teacher Identity in a Methods Course Wiki

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jewett, Michelle Ann

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the identity constructions of two cohorts of preservice teachers enrolled in English methods courses during a semester of field experience. This research employs a qualitative methodology and documents the nature of participant's responses posted to online wiki forum. Data sources include archived electronic interactions…

  6. Research and Teaching: WikiED--Using Web 2.0 Tools to Teach Content and Critical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisch, Jennifer K.; Jackson, Paula C.; Murray, Meg C.

    2013-01-01

    WIKIed Biology is a National Science Foundation Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics interdisciplinary project in which the authors developed and implemented a model for student centered, inquiry-driven instruction using Web 2.0 technologies to increase inquiry and conceptual understanding in

  7. Social Media and Peer Feedback: What Do Students Really Think about Using Wiki and Facebook as Platforms for Peer Feedback?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demirbilek, Muhammet

    2015-01-01

    Web 2.0 tools are becoming increasingly pervasive in higher education, and as a result, there is increasing interest in the use of online feedback activities. This study investigated students' actual experiences and perceptions using social media, Wiki and Facebook, tools to provide peer feedback on students' instructional material projects and to…

  8. LitMiner and WikiGene: identifying problem-related key players of gene regulation using publication abstracts.

    PubMed

    Maier, Holger; Döhr, Stefanie; Grote, Korbinian; O'Keeffe, Sean; Werner, Thomas; Hrabé de Angelis, Martin; Schneider, Ralf

    2005-07-01

    The LitMiner software is a literature data-mining tool that facilitates the identification of major gene regulation key players related to a user-defined field of interest in PubMed abstracts. The prediction of gene-regulatory relationships is based on co-occurrence analysis of key terms within the abstracts. LitMiner predicts relationships between key terms from the biomedical domain in four categories (genes, chemical compounds, diseases and tissues). Owing to the limitations (no direction, unverified automatic prediction) of the co-occurrence approach, the primary data in the LitMiner database represent postulated basic gene-gene relationships. The usefulness of the LitMiner system has been demonstrated recently in a study that reconstructed disease-related regulatory networks by promoter modelling that was initiated by a LitMiner generated primary gene list. To overcome the limitations and to verify and improve the data, we developed WikiGene, a Wiki-based curation tool that allows revision of the data by expert users over the Internet. LitMiner (http://andromeda.gsf.de/litminer) and WikiGene (http://andromeda.gsf.de/wiki) can be used unrestricted with any Internet browser. PMID:15980584

  9. Using a Wiki-Based Collaborative Process Writing Pedagogy to Facilitate Collaborative Writing among Chinese Primary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Xuanxi; Chu, Samuel Kai Wah; Ki, Wing Wah; Woo, Matsuko

    2012-01-01

    This case study explored collaborative writing in Chinese among 59 primary four Chinese students using a "Wiki-based Collaborative Process Writing Pedagogy" (WCPWP) in Shenzhen, China. It aimed mainly to design and orchestrate a WCPWP in order to facilitate students' Chinese writing. It investigated students' collaborative writing process and

  10. The Comparison of the Opinions of the University Students on the Usage of Blog and Wiki for Their Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avci, Ummuhan; Askar, Petek

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of blogs and wikis as constructive tools in the computer courses of prospective teachers and compare them with respect to perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, intention, self efficacy, and anxiety. Ninety-two students who were enrolled in various teacher education programs used blog and

  11. A Course Wiki: Challenges in Facilitating and Assessing Student-Generated Learning Content for the Humanities Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazda-Cazers, Rasma

    2010-01-01

    New Web technology allows for the design of traditionally lecture-centered humanities courses by fostering active learning and engaging students as producers of learning content. The article presents the experiences with a student-generated wiki for a Germanic Mythology course. Evaluations indicated an overwhelmingly positive student experience

  12. A Formative Evaluation of WIKI's as a Learning Tool in a Face to Face Juvenile Justice Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Scott Wm.

    2013-01-01

    Current literature indicates an increased pedagogical value of technology integration in university coursework. One form of technology that encourages collaborative, online teaching and learning is a "wiki," an online application that allows participants to partner and direct a website. This article describes the design and formative evaluation of…

  13. Using the Integrated Vehicle Health Management Research Test and Integration Plan Wiki to Identify Synergistic Test Opportunities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koelfgen, Syri J.; Faber, James J.

    2010-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the aviation industry have recognized a need for developing a method to identify and combine resources to carry out research and testing more efficiently. The Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) Research Test and Integration Plan (RTIP) Wiki is a tool that is used to visualize, plan, and accomplish collaborative research and testing. Synergistic test opportunities are developed using the RTIP Wiki, and include potential common resource testing that combines assets and personnel from NASA, industry, academia, and other government agencies. A research scenario is linked to the appropriate IVHM milestones and resources detailed in the wiki, reviewed by the research team members, and integrated into a collaborative test strategy. The scenario is then implemented by creating a test plan when appropriate and the research is performed. The benefits of performing collaborative research and testing are achieving higher Technology Readiness Level (TRL) test opportunities with little or no additional cost, improved quality of research, and increased communication among researchers. In addition to a description of the method of creating these joint research scenarios, examples of the successful development and implementation of cooperative research using the IVHM RTIP Wiki are given.

  14. Using a Wiki-Based Collaborative Process Writing Pedagogy to Facilitate Collaborative Writing among Chinese Primary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Xuanxi; Chu, Samuel Kai Wah; Ki, Wing Wah; Woo, Matsuko

    2012-01-01

    This case study explored collaborative writing in Chinese among 59 primary four Chinese students using a "Wiki-based Collaborative Process Writing Pedagogy" (WCPWP) in Shenzhen, China. It aimed mainly to design and orchestrate a WCPWP in order to facilitate students' Chinese writing. It investigated students' collaborative writing process and…

  15. A Formative Evaluation of WIKI's as a Learning Tool in a Face to Face Juvenile Justice Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Scott Wm.

    2013-01-01

    Current literature indicates an increased pedagogical value of technology integration in university coursework. One form of technology that encourages collaborative, online teaching and learning is a "wiki," an online application that allows participants to partner and direct a website. This article describes the design and formative evaluation of

  16. A Course Wiki: Challenges in Facilitating and Assessing Student-Generated Learning Content for the Humanities Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazda-Cazers, Rasma

    2010-01-01

    New Web technology allows for the design of traditionally lecture-centered humanities courses by fostering active learning and engaging students as producers of learning content. The article presents the experiences with a student-generated wiki for a Germanic Mythology course. Evaluations indicated an overwhelmingly positive student experience…

  17. The Comparison of the Opinions of the University Students on the Usage of Blog and Wiki for Their Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avci, Ummuhan; Askar, Petek

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of blogs and wikis as constructive tools in the computer courses of prospective teachers and compare them with respect to perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, intention, self efficacy, and anxiety. Ninety-two students who were enrolled in various teacher education programs used blog and…

  18. Social Media and Peer Feedback: What Do Students Really Think about Using Wiki and Facebook as Platforms for Peer Feedback?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demirbilek, Muhammet

    2015-01-01

    Web 2.0 tools are becoming increasingly pervasive in higher education, and as a result, there is increasing interest in the use of online feedback activities. This study investigated students' actual experiences and perceptions using social media, Wiki and Facebook, tools to provide peer feedback on students' instructional material projects and to

  19. Research and Teaching: WikiED--Using Web 2.0 Tools to Teach Content and Critical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisch, Jennifer K.; Jackson, Paula C.; Murray, Meg C.

    2013-01-01

    WIKIed Biology is a National Science Foundation Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics interdisciplinary project in which the authors developed and implemented a model for student centered, inquiry-driven instruction using Web 2.0 technologies to increase inquiry and conceptual understanding in…

  20. Is Julian Assange an International Version of Daniel Ellsberg and WikiLeaks the Modern Equivalent of the Pentagon Papers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freivogel, William H.

    2011-01-01

    History has placed the stamp of approval on the publication of the Pentagon Papers, the top-secret history of the Vietnam War. If WikiLeaks editor-in-chief Julian Assange is another Daniel Ellsberg, then it is possible the website's disclosures will be viewed over time as similarly in the public interest. A classroom discussion on the release of…