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1

Social Work NoteS Research Holding the Torch of Knowledge  

E-print Network

Social Work NoteS Research Holding the Torch of Knowledge Bronze icon at the main entrance I S S O U R I #12;2 | Social Work Notes Greetings from the School of Social Work! The cover places on the generation of knowl- edge and the application of knowledge in the practice of social work

Taylor, Jerry

2

NOTES. Study on patients' perspective  

PubMed Central

Introduction Rapid development of minimally invasive surgery has led to escalation of the demands placed on health care professionals. Nowadays the patient is the one to choose where and how she/he wants to be operated on. Perioperative and postoperative quality of life is the most common item impacting the patients’ choice. Laparoscopic surgery is undoubtedly advantageous in several applications; however a further improvement of medical services has been introduced: the NOTES technique. This novel surgical approach definitively eliminates the problem of having scars. Though NOTES is still in the clinical trial stage, it might become an alternative for selected procedures soon. At this point it is necessary to define the patients’ expectations and preferences. Aim To evaluate patients’ opinions on the four surgical approaches: open, laparoscopic, transvaginal and transgastric. Material and methods For this purpose a special questionnaire was designed and one hundred randomly selected women were asked to complete it. Results The laparoscopic access was preferable in most aspects, closely followed by the transvaginal access. Open and transgastric approaches were considered as dangerous and disadvantageous. Conclusions Currently NOTES is a possible reality of tomorrow for some procedures. The transvaginal access was scored as “attractive”, “cosmetically attractive” and “technologically advanced”, as opposed to the transgastric access. The fact of manipulation in the intimate region requires thorough attention in future NOTES studies. Though the patients currently prefer the laparoscopic approach, this study proves that further development of transvaginal NOTES technology is acceptable and to some extent desired by the patients. PMID:24130638

Stefaniak, Tomasz; Laski, Dariusz; Mackowiak, Malgorzata; Czurylo, Alicja; Hac, Stanislaw; Lachinski, Andrzej J.; Sledzinski, Zbigniew

2013-01-01

3

Working note for PAV software I Presentation  

E-print Network

. Originally done on low resolution (orca2) with NCL scripts, moving to high resolution (orca025) prevented, when using low resolution simulations (orca2, 182x149 points), this work was done with scripts using could not deal with (much) bigger files produced by high resolution simulations (orca025, 1442x1021

4

7. LASSEN PARK ROAD BRIDGE AT SULFUR WORKS. NOTE ROAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. LASSEN PARK ROAD BRIDGE AT SULFUR WORKS. NOTE ROAD TRAVERSING DISTANT RIDGE BEYOND BRIDGE. SEEN FROM WEST OF HIGHWAY FROM OLD HIGHWAY LOOP. LOOKING E. - Lassen Park Road, Mineral, Tehama County, CA

5

These notes are from 2010 Cap and Trade Working Already  

E-print Network

Acid Rain These notes are from 2010 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already December 15, 2009 10:14 AM across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term for acidification of the environment, which can occur

Toohey, Darin W.

6

Studying Resistance: Some Cautionary Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of "resistance" has oriented the field of critical ethnography for several generations now. Indeed, the reproduction-resistance binary has animated much of the most important, critical work in educational studies over the last 30 years. Yet, this reproduction-resistance binary has perhaps calcified in recent years. Such work often…

Dimitriadis, Greg

2011-01-01

7

A Note on Working Memory in Agent Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important dimension of system and mechanism design, working memory, has been paid insufficient attention by scholars. Existing\\u000a literature reports mixed findings on the effects of the amount of working memory on system efficiency. In this note, we investigate\\u000a this relationship with a computational approach. We design an intelligent agent system in which three agents, one buyer and\\u000a two bidders,

Fang Zhong

8

Working Note WN/CMGC/02/81  

E-print Network

Working Note WN/CMGC/02/81 SIBYLLE Visualisation Ferret des grilles ORCA et ARPEGE Guide d_arpege.jnl ................ 51.2.2.3 ini_orca.jnl ............... 61.2.2.4 grid_orca.jnl ............... 61.2.2.5 grid_at42.jnl_verti.jnl .............. 101.2.2.13 plot_bt42_polar.jnl ............... 101.2.2.14 plot_orca

9

Asymptotic analysis: Working Note No. 2, Approximation of integrals  

SciTech Connect

In this note we discuss the approximation of integrals that depend on a parameter. The basic tool is simple, namely, integration by parts. Of course, the power of the tool is evidenced in applications. The applications are many; they include Laplace integrals, generalized Laplace integrals, Fourier integrals, and Stokes' method of stationary phase for generalized Fourier integrals. These results illustrate beautifully Hardy's concept of applications of mathematics, that is, certain regions of mathematical theory in which the notation and the ideas of the (method of integration by parts] may be used systematically with a great gain in clearness and simplicity''. The notation differs slightly from Working Note No. 1, for reasons that are mainly historical. The asymptotic analysis of integrals originated in complex analysis, where the (real or complex) parameter, usually denoted by x, is usually introduced in such a way that the interesting behavior of the integrals occurs when x [yields] [infinity] in some sector of the complex plane. As there is nothing sacred about notation, and historical precedent is as good a guide as any, we follow convention and denote the parameter by x, focusing on the behavior of integrals as x [yields] [infinity] along the real axis or, if x is complex, in some sector of the complex plane. The connection with the notation of Working Note No. 1 is readily established by identifying the small parameter [epsilon] with [vert bar]x[vert bar][sup [minus]1].

Garbey, M. (Lyon-1 Univ., 69 - Villeurbanne (France). Lab. d'Analyse Numerique); Kaper, H.G. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1993-07-01

10

Notes on Graduate Studies Alireza Fathi  

E-print Network

to computer science major students, specially the Iranians. 1. How to Get Ready I am not going to prescribe. I am a Computer Science student from Iran. So this document is going to be probably more usefulNotes on Graduate Studies Alireza Fathi College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology

Pratt, Vaughan

11

Lives and deaths: Biographical notes on selections from the works of Edwin S. Shneidman.  

PubMed

Edwin S. Shneidman (DOB: 1918-05-13; DOD: 2009-05-15) is a father of contemporary suicidology. His work reflects the intensive study of lives lived and deaths, especially suicides, and is the mirror to his mind. His contributions can be represented by five categories: psychological assessment, logic, Melville and Murray, suicide, and death. His works on suicide can be further divided into five parts: definitional and theoretical, suicide notes, administrative and programmatic, clinical and community, and psychological autopsy and postvention. In this article, not only are the selected works explicated, but also Dr. Shneidman's rather personal biographical notes are shared to allow the reader to understand one more unique individual's life lived, and his death: Edwin S. Shneidman. PMID:21034210

Leenaars, Antoon A

2010-10-01

12

Studying Foreign Policy Prediction: Methodological Notes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hörberg, Th. Studying Foreign Policy Prediction: Methodological Notes. Cooperation and Conflict, XVI, 1981, 19-24.Studying the foreign policy prediction-making of political actors is a fairly new branch of political science. The development of methods for this type of studies is still in its infancy. This article contains a discussion of the basis for prediction-making, of a method for identifying predictions, and

Thomas Hörberg

1981-01-01

13

Transvesical NOTES: Survival Study in Porcine Model  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: The optimal access route and method for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has not been established. A transvesical approach, with its low rate of peritoneal contamination, is an effective clean portal of entry, but a safe urinary bladder closure has been a challenge. We developed a new technique for a safe, pure transvesical NOTES approach. Methods: Four female piglets were used in the study. With the pigs under anesthesia, a flexible cystoscope (15Fr) was used to make an endoscopic cystotomy; diagnostic peritoneoscopy of the abdominal quadrants was done with biopsies and hemostasis. At the end, a Vicryl loop was pushed to close the bladder incision while the incision edges were pulled inwards. The pigs were euthanized after 2 wk, and necropsies were performed. Results: No bowel injury was noted in any of the 4 pigs. Satisfactory bladder closure was done in 2 pigs, while a partial closure was achieved in 1 case. In the postoperative period, the pigs showed no signs of pain or distress, voided normally, and had a good appetite. On necropsy, we noted healed cystotomy incisions, no intraabdominal adhesions, and no adhesions at the site. Conclusion: Our new technique for endoscopic cystotomy overcomes previously reported risks for bowel injuries. Using this route gives good spatial orientation and access to all quadrants, including the pelvis. Biopsies with good hemostasis can be easily achieved. Lack of intraperitoneal changes postoperatively indicate that this procedure may be safe for humans. PMID:23484572

Subhas, Gokulakkrishna; Gupta, Aditya; Jacobs, Michael J.; Decker, Melissa; Silberberg, Boris; Mittal, Vijay K.

2012-01-01

14

Asymptotic analysis, Working Note No. 1: Basic concepts and definitions  

SciTech Connect

In this note we introduce the basic concepts of asymptotic analysis. After some comments of historical interest we begin by defining the order relations O, o, and O{sup {number_sign}}, which enable us to compare the asymptotic behavior of functions of a small positive parameter {epsilon} as {epsilon} {down_arrow} 0. Next, we introduce order functions, asymptotic sequences of order functions and more general gauge sets of order functions and define the concepts of an asymptotic approximation and an asymptotic expansion with respect to a given gauge set. This string of definitions culminates in the introduction of the concept of a regular asymptotic expansion, also known as a Poincare expansion, of a function f : (0, {epsilon}{sub o}) {yields} X, where X is a normed vector space of functions defined on a domain D {epsilon} R{sup N}. We conclude the note with the asymptotic analysis of an initial value problem whose solution is obtained in the form of a regular asymptotic expansion.

Garbey, M. [Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69 - Villeurbanne (France). Lab. d`Analyse Numerique; Kaper, H.G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-07-01

15

Independent Study in Idaho ISI Course BSU Course NOTES  

E-print Network

Independent Study in Idaho ISI Course BSU Course NOTES Updated 03/2012 Boise State University Administration #12;Independent Study in Idaho ISI Course BSU Course NOTES Updated 03/2012 Boise State University

Barrash, Warren

16

Images of Imaging: Notes on Doing Longitudinal Field Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the processes involved in a field study of technological change in radiology and how researchers can design a qualitative study and then collect data in a systematic and explicit manner. Illustrates the social and human problems of gaining entry into a research site, constructing a research role, and managing relationships. (63…

Barley, Stephen R.

1990-01-01

17

Noted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considering how much attention people lavish on the technologies of writing--scroll, codex, print, screen--it's striking how little they pay to the technologies for digesting and regurgitating it. One way or another, there's no sector of the modern world that is not saturated with note-taking--the bureaucracy, the liberal professions, the…

Nunberg, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

18

B. Reviews and notes bibliographies and works of reference  

Microsoft Academic Search

INDEX ISLAMICUS 1665–1905: A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ARTICLES ON ISLAMIC SUBJECTS IN PERIODICALS AND OTHER COLLECTIVE PUBLICATIONS. Compiled by W.H. BEHN. Millersville, Adiyok, 1989. xxx, 870pp. US$ 125.— or DM 225.— or £72.00.CATALOGUE OF THE ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS IN THE DAIBER COLLECTION, INSTITUTE OF ORIENTAL CULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO. By HANS DAIBER. Tokyo, Documentation Center for Asian Studies, Institute of Oriental Culture,

J. D. Latham; Geoffrey Roper; Frances M. Abercromby; John K. Cooley; Charles Tripp; Robin Bidwell; Adrian Brockett; Edmund Bosworth; C. H. Bleaney; J. M. Wagstaff; Philip Sadgrove; Geoffrey Khan; Sayed Shoukry; Haskell D. Isaacs; Jørgen Nielsen; Brian W. Beeley; Frances Bostock; Paul Starkey; Ernest Noble; Clive Holes; Charles Melville; Behruz Morvaridi; Annemarie Schimmel; Levon Avdoyan; Robert Hillenbrand; Michael Rogers; Mounira Khemir; Gillian M. Grant

1989-01-01

19

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study  

E-print Network

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Minneapolis Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study #12;Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Background: · Currently, funding

Minnesota, University of

20

Teaching Note--Heterosexism as Experienced by LGBT Social Work Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As social work educators, much of our practice involves helping students think critically about complex political, economic, and social issues. One of the most complex and contentious sociopolitical issues of our time has been civil rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons. This teaching note considers how we, as LGBT…

Johnson, Lisa M.

2014-01-01

21

NOTE  

PubMed

The influence of different counterions (F-, Cl-, Br-, I-) on the electric surface properties ("permanent" dipole moment and electric polarizability) of beta-FeOOH ellipsoid particles in dilute aqueous dispersions is studied by electric light scattering method and electrophoresis. An additional longitudinal permanent dipole moment appears with the increase of ionic strength for all added counterions, but is most pronounced in the case of I- ions. The additional orientation moment is most likely due to the distortion of the counterions' distribution close to the particle surface. PMID:9028909

Dimitrova; Peikov; Petkanchin

1997-01-15

22

Work Study Program Procedure Manual  

E-print Network

students in financial need with a regular source of income that does not add to their debt load · To offerWork Study Program Procedure Manual Prepared by: Student Financial Services, Office Hiring a Work Study Student

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

23

Work Study Program Procedure Manual  

E-print Network

not add to their debt load To offer students training and experience that will assist them in furtherWork Study Program Procedure Manual Prepared by: Student Financial Services, Office Hiring a Work Study Student

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

24

The Los Alamos Spallation Driven Solid Deuterium Ultracold Neutron Source: Working Notes of March 30, 1998 with Embellishment  

E-print Network

The working notes which led to the physics demonstration ultracold neutron source that has been operated at Los Alamos are transcribed here. In addition to the transcribed notes, included are a Prologue that describes the path that led to be basic idea, and an Epilogue that describes some of the discoveries in the implementation of the idea.

Steve K. Lamoreaux

2001-03-15

25

Technical Note Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study  

E-print Network

Technical Note Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study ARCHANA RAMIREDDY 27708 stephen.w.smith@duke.edu We integrated electrocardiogram (ECG) leads onto the face of a cardiac of devices needed to col- lect cardiac information. Since the ECG leads were not placed on their standard

Smith, Stephen

26

Sex work: a comparative study.  

PubMed

Explanations of adult involvement in sex work typically adopt one of two approaches. One perspective highlights a variety of negative experiences in childhood and adolescence, including physical and sexual abuse, family instability, poverty, associations with "pimps" and other exploiters, homelessness, and drug use. An alternative account recognizes that some of these factors may be involved, but underscores the contribution of more immediate circumstances, such as current economic needs, human capital, and employment opportunities. Prior research offers a limited assessment of these contrasting claims: most studies have focused exclusively on people working in the sex industry and they have not assessed the independent effects of life course variables central to these two perspectives. We add to this literature with an analysis that drew on insights from life course and life-span development theories and considered the contributions of factors from childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Our comparative approach examined predictors of employment in sex work relative to two other low-income service or care work occupations: food and beverage serving and barbering and hairstyling. Using data from a study of almost 600 workers from two cities, one in Canada and the other in the United States, we found that both immediate circumstances and negative experiences from early life are related to current sex work involvement: childhood poverty, abuse, and family instability were independently associated with adult sex work, as were limited education and employment experience, adult drug use, and marital status. PMID:24671729

McCarthy, Bill; Benoit, Cecilia; Jansson, Mikael

2014-10-01

27

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

28

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

29

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Disability Studies can or family practice. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

30

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Diaspora Studies can lead, children's services, residential centres and family services. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Social Work

31

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America. We

32

Homework 5 10 points Note, these exercises may be done in groups of one, two, or three. Working with someone  

E-print Network

Homework 5 10 points Note, these exercises may be done in groups of one, two, or three. Working. the association of an identifier with a memory location b. the meanings attached to syntactic constructs c a binding is visible e. the association of multiple identifiers with a memory location f. breaking source

Allan, Vicki H.

33

Homework 5 10 points Note, these exercises may be done in groups of one, two, or three. Working with someone  

E-print Network

Homework 5 10 points Note, these exercises may be done in groups of one, two, or three. Working scope semantics side effect a. the association of an identifier with a memory location b. the meanings with a memory location f. breaking source text into tokens g. the environment of a sub-program call h. rules

Allan, Vicki H.

34

Working Notes of the 1995 AAAI Fall Symposium on Active Learning, 7073 Boston, MA, November 10-12, 1995  

E-print Network

Working Notes of the 1995 AAAI Fall Symposium on Active Learning, 70­73 Boston, MA, November 10-12, 1995 Learning Evolving Concepts Using Partial-Memory Approach Marcus A. Maloof and Ryszard S. Michalski. Results demonstrate that partial-memory incremental learning yielded significant improvements in learning

Michalski, Ryszard S.

35

Working Notes of the 1995 AAAI Fall Symposium on Active Learning, 70--73 Boston, MA, November 1012, 1995  

E-print Network

Working Notes of the 1995 AAAI Fall Symposium on Active Learning, 70--73 Boston, MA, November 10­12, 1995 Learning Evolving Concepts Using Partial­Memory Approach Marcus A. Maloof and Ryszard S. Michalski in learning speed and memory requirements with only slight decreases in predictive accuracy and concept

Maloof, Mark

36

Lives and Deaths: Biographical Notes on Selections from the Works of Edwin S. Shneidman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edwin S. Shneidman (DOB: 1918-05-13; DOD: 2009-05-15) is a father of contemporary suicidology. His work reflects the intensive study of lives lived and deaths, especially suicides, and is the mirror to his mind. His contributions can be represented by five categories: psychological assessment, logic, Melville and Murray, suicide, and death. His…

Leenaars, Antoon A.

2010-01-01

37

Teaching Note--Ask the Audience: Using Student Response Systems in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work educators are uniquely tasked with balancing content while helping students evaluate personal biases and develop ethical conduct necessary for social work professionalism. Social work education may benefit from technology like Student Response Systems (SRS) that allow educators to pose questions on sensitive topics in real time while…

Friedline, Terri; Mann, Aaron R.; Lieberman, Alice

2013-01-01

38

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate 1 #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Undergraduate Social Work and Applied Social Studies What is Social Work? `The social work profession promotes social change' (International Federation of Social Workers, 2000) Social work is an exceptionally interesting, challenging

Burton, Geoffrey R.

39

Teaching Note--Integrating Prevention Content into Clinical Social Work Practice Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in health care services and delivery suggest an upcoming paradigm shift in the field of mental health. Recent national reports, health care policy changes, and growing evidence support a shift toward prevention-focused mental health care. The social work profession is uniquely positioned to act as leaders in this shift as the…

Rishel, Carrie W.

2014-01-01

40

Crowdsourcing Student Notes to Provide Real-Time Study Guides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What if you had access to all your students' notes, their questions, their answers to questions you posed in class and when they were confused in class. What could you do with that information to help guide your students. With the advent of in-class tools like LectureTools it is now possible to have such access to student data. This paper describes on-going research at the University of Michigan to explore how best to mine student notes and questions to provide adaptive learning opportunities to students. Student notes are parsed in real-time searching for keywords from the geosciences. These words and phrases are then linked to a variety of resources for those wishing further clarification. This presentation will demonstrate the tools that have been generated for students and report on the students' assessment of the value of such information. The presentation will use LectureTools to demonstrate the crowdsourcing. Attendees are encouraged to bring a mobile device to the session.

Samson, P. J.

2013-12-01

41

Depression and work related stress problems, with notes of comparative law.  

PubMed

This paper supplies both a medical and legal analysis of work related stress problems, by going throught the role of prevention in the European legal system. The Authors, after reviewing the negative role that stress has in the management of the employment relationship, describe the main steps that have brought Europe to recognize the importance of the role of prevention, and to recognize the role of well-being in the workplace. PMID:23995173

Amorosi, Marilisa; Pettinelli, Roberto

2013-09-01

42

Race, space, place: notes on the racialisation and spatialisation of commercial sex work in Dubai, UAE.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on the perceived racialisation and resultant spatialisation of commercial sex in Dubai. In recent years, the sex industry in Dubai has grown to include women from the Middle East, Eastern Europe, East Asia and Africa. With the increase in sex workers of different nationalities has come a form of localised racism that is embedded in structures and desires seen within specific locations. The physical spatialisation of sex work hinges on perceived race and produces distinct income generating potential for women engaged in the sex industry in Dubai. The social and physical topography of Dubai is important in marginalising or privileging these various groups of sex workers, which correlates race, space and place with rights and assistance. I begin with a description of the multidirectional flows of causality between race, space, place and demand. I then discuss how these various groups are inversely spatialised within the discourse on assistance, protection and rights. The findings presented here are based on ethnographic research conducted with transnational migrants in the UAE in 2004, 2008 and 2009. PMID:20936551

Mahdavi, Pardis

2010-11-01

43

ADIFOR: Automatic differentiation in a source translator environment. ADIFOR Working Note No. 5  

SciTech Connect

The numerical methods employed in the solution of many scientific computing problems require the computation of derivatives of a function f: R{sup n} {yields} R{sup m}. ADIFOR (Automatic Differentiation in FORtran) is a source transformation tool that accepts Fortran 77 code for the computation of a function and writes portable Fortran 77 code for the computation of the derivatives. In contrast to previous approaches, ADIFOR views automatic differentiation as a source transformation problem and employs the data analysis capabilities of the ParaScope Fortran programming environment. Experimental results show that ADIFOR can handle real- life codes and that ADIFOR-generated codes are competitive with divided-difference approximations of derivatives. In addition, studies suggest that the source-transformation approach to automatic differentation may improve the time required to compute derivatives by orders of magnitude.

Bischof, C.; Corliss, G.; Griewank, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carle, A. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Center for Research on Parallel Computation

1992-07-01

44

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate #12;Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences 2, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staff are at the forefront Guide 2015, for example, social work at Bath is ranked 1st, sociology 2nd, social policy 3rd. Bath

Burton, Geoffrey R.

45

Working Night Shift Slows Metabolism, Study Suggests  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Working Night Shift Slows Metabolism, Study Suggests Finding means fewer calories burned, and ... sleeping by day may slow down the body's metabolism, a small study suggests. Researchers found that when ...

46

Learning to work or working to learn? A university–work transition case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the case of an innovative project on the transition between university and work. The project examined sustains\\u000a two social dimensions of learning: education as a shared social institution in which university studies and work can be productively\\u000a interconnected and alternated in order to enhance learning, and learning as identity projects and significant participation\\u000a in situated activities. Working

Cristina Zucchermaglio; Francesca Alby

2009-01-01

47

Learning to Work or Working to Learn? A University-Work Transition Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper analyses the case of an innovative project on the transition between university and work. The project examined sustains two social dimensions of learning: education as a shared social institution in which university studies and work can be productively interconnected and alternated in order to enhance learning, and learning as identity…

Zucchermaglio, Cristina; Alby, Francesca

2009-01-01

48

Blue Note  

SciTech Connect

Argonne's Murray Gibson is a physicist whose life's work includes finding patterns among atoms. The love of distinguishing patterns also drives Gibson as a musician and Blues enthusiast."Blue" notes are very harmonic notes that are missing from the equal temperament scale.The techniques of piano blues and jazz represent the melding of African and Western music into something totally new and exciting.

Murray Gibson

2007-04-27

49

The New Congressionally Mandated Studies: Notes toward Species Identification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new NIE (National Institute of Education) projects, Compensatory Education Study (Hill et al., 1976, 1977a, 1977b) and the Vocational Education Study (David et al., 1978), along with an earlier Safe Schools Study, are being considered in the evaluation community as possible new paradigms for research. Results of previous evaluation studies

Datta, Lois-ellin

50

Inviting Patients to Read Their Doctors' Notes: A Quasi-experimental Study and a Look Ahead  

PubMed Central

Background Little information exists about what primary care physicians (PCPs) and patients experience if patients are invited to read their doctors’ office notes. Objective To evaluate the effect on doctors and patients of facilitating patient access to visit notes over secure Internet portals. Design Quasi-experimental trial of PCPs and patient volunteers in a year-long program that provided patients with electronic links to their doctors’ notes. Setting Primary care practices at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in Massachusetts, Geisinger Health System (GHS) in Pennsylvania, and Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in Washington. Participants 105 PCPs and 13 564 of their patients who had at least 1 completed note available during the intervention period. Measurements Portal use and electronic messaging by patients and surveys focusing on participants’ perceptions of behaviors, benefits, and negative consequences. Results 11 797 of 13 564 patients with visit notes available opened at least 1 note (84% at BIDMC, 92% at GHS, and 47% at HMC). Of 5391 patients who opened at least 1 note and completed a postintervention survey, 77% to 87% across the 3 sites reported that open notes helped them feel more in control of their care; 60% to 78% of those taking medications reported increased medication adherence; 26% to 36% had privacy concerns; 1% to 8% reported that the notes caused confusion, worry, or offense; and 20% to 42% reported sharing notes with others. The volume of electronic messages from patients did not change. After the intervention, few doctors reported longer visits (0% to 5%) or more time addressing patients’ questions outside of visits (0% to 8%), with practice size having little effect; 3% to 36% of doctors reported changing documentation content; and 0% to 21% reported taking more time writing notes. Looking ahead, 59% to 62% of patients believed that they should be able to add comments to a doctor’s note. One out of 3 patients believed that they should be able to approve the notes’ contents, but 85% to 96% of doctors did not agree. At the end of the experimental period, 99% of patients wanted open notes to continue and no doctor elected to stop. Limitations Only 3 geographic areas were represented, and most participants were experienced in using portals. Doctors volunteering to participate and patients using portals and completing surveys may tend to offer favorable feedback, and the response rate of the patient surveys (41%) may further limit generalizability. Conclusion Patients accessed visit notes frequently, a large majority reported clinically relevant benefits and minimal concerns, and virtually all patients wanted the practice to continue. With doctors experiencing no more than a modest effect on their work lives, open notes seem worthy of widespread adoption. Primary Funding Source The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Drane Family Fund, the Richard and Florence Koplow Charitable Foundation, and the National Cancer Institute. PMID:23027317

Delbanco, Tom; Walker, Jan; Bell, Sigall K.; Darer, Jonathan D.; Elmore, Joann G.; Farag, Nadine; Feldman, Henry J.; Mejilla, Roanne; Ngo, Long; Ralston, James D.; Ross, Stephen E.; Trivedi, Neha; Vodicka, Elisabeth; Leveille, Suzanne G.

2013-01-01

51

Some notes on critical appraisal of prevalence studies  

PubMed Central

Decisions in healthcare should be based on information obtained according to the principles of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM). An increasing number of systematic reviews are published which summarize the results of prevalence studies. Interpretation of the results of these reviews should be accompanied by an appraisal of the methodological quality of the included data and studies. The critical appraisal tool for prevalence studies developed and tested by Munn et al. comprises 10 items and aims at targeting all kinds of prevalence studies. This comment discusses the pros and cons of different designs of quality appraisal tools and highlights their importance for systematic reviews of prevalence studies. Beyond piloting, which has been performed in the study by Munn et al., it is suggested here that the validity of the tool should be tested, including reproducibility and inter-rater reliability. It is concluded that studies as the one by Munn et al. will help to establish a critical understanding of methodological quality and will support the use of systematic reviews of non-intervention studies for health policy making. PMID:25337603

Harder, Thomas

2014-01-01

52

NOTE: Monte Carlo study of TLD measurements in air cavities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) are used for verification of the delivered dose during IMRT treatment of head and neck carcinomas. The TLDs are put into a plastic tube, which is placed in the nasal cavities through the treated volume. In this study, the dose distribution to a phantom having a cylindrical air cavity containing a tube was calculated by Monte Carlo methods and the results were compared with data from a treatment planning system (TPS) to evaluate the accuracy of the TLD measurements. The phantom was defined in the DOSXYZnrc Monte Carlo code and calculations were performed with 6 MV fields, with the TLD tube placed at different positions within the cylindrical air cavity. A similar phantom was defined in the pencil beam based TPS. Differences between the Monte Carlo and the TPS calculations of the absorbed dose to the TLD tube were found to be small for an open symmetrical field. For a half-beam field through the air cavity, there was a larger discrepancy. Furthermore, dose profiles through the cylindrical air cavity show, as expected, that the treatment planning system overestimates the absorbed dose in the air cavity. This study shows that when using an open symmetrical field, Monte Carlo calculations of absorbed doses to a TLD tube in a cylindrical air cavity give results comparable to a pencil beam based treatment planning system.

Haraldsson, Pia; Knöös, Tommy; Nyström, Håkan; Engström, Per

2003-09-01

53

FIELD STUDY OF HOOF WALL PROBLEMS IN UNSHOD WORKING HORSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A population of 100 native breed unshod working horses was examined for hoof wall problems. The diagnosis of hoof wall defects was performed by close visual observation and via physical examina- tion. The location, extent and types of defects were then determined and recorded. Out of 100 horses, 124 hoof wall defects were noted in ninety working horses. The number

A. S. BIGHAM; A. N. TABATABAEI

54

Illumination influences working memory: an EEG study.  

PubMed

Illumination conditions appear to influence working efficacy in everyday life. In the present study, we obtained electroencephalogram (EEG) correlates of working-memory load, and investigated how these waveforms are modulated by illumination conditions. We hypothesized that illumination conditions may affect cognitive performance. We designed an EEG study to monitor and record participants' EEG during the Sternberg working memory task under four different illumination conditions. Illumination conditions were generated with a factorial design of two color-temperatures (3000 and 7100 K) by two illuminance levels (150 and 700 lx). During a working memory task, we observed that high illuminance led to significantly lower frontal EEG theta activity than did low illuminance. These differences persisted despite no significant difference in task performance between illumination conditions. We found that the latency of an early event-related potential component, such as N1, was significantly modulated by the illumination condition. The fact that the illumination condition affects brain activity but not behavioral performance suggests that the lighting conditions used in the present study did not influence the performance stage of behavioral processing. Nevertheless, our findings provide objective evidence that illumination conditions modulate brain activity. Further studies are necessary to refine the optimal lighting parameters for facilitating working memory. PMID:23694704

Park, Jin Young; Min, Byoung-Kyong; Jung, Young-Chul; Pak, Hyensou; Jeong, Yeon-Hong; Kim, Eosu

2013-09-01

55

Teacher Curriculum Work Center: A Descriptive Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of a continuing series initiated to provide materials for teachers, parents, school administrators, and governmental decision-makers that might encourage reexamination of a range of evaluation issues and perspectives about schools and schooling. This monograph is a descriptive study of the Teacher Curriculum Work Center,…

Feiman, Sharon

56

Graph homomorphisms II: some examples Combinatorics Study Group Notes 2, October 2006  

E-print Network

Graph homomorphisms II: some examples Taoyang Wu Combinatorics Study Group Notes 2, October 2006 October 6, 2006 Abstract Following the talk on graph homomorphisms given by Peter last week, we continue to discuss some examples of graph homomorphisms. More precisely, the graph parameters which can

Banaji,. Murad

57

Technical NoteFEASIBILITY STUDIES OF ALPHA-PARTICLE CHANNELING IN MIRROR MACHINES  

E-print Network

Technical NoteFEASIBILITY STUDIES OF ALPHA-PARTICLE CHANNELING IN MIRROR MACHINES A. I. ZHMOGINOV such as mirror machines can benefit this concept by efficiently redirecting a-particle energy to fuel ion heating designs and for proof-of-principle experiments. KEYWORDS: alpha channeling, mirror machines, ray tracing

58

EDITORIAL NOTES Long-term field studies of old-growth forests on Changbai  

E-print Network

biomass and productivity of forest ecosystems, spatial variations in forest composition and structureEDITORIAL NOTES Long-term field studies of old-growth forests on Changbai Mountain in Northeast-broadleaved mixed forest (700­ 1,100 m), coniferous forest (1,100­1,700 m), Erman birch forest (1,700­2,000 m

Boyer, Edmond

59

"Climate change is sure to occur in some form." The study of climate impacts notes  

E-print Network

"Climate change is sure to occur in some form." 1 #12;The study of climate impacts notes how scientists generally agree that humans are changing the climate, and that if we continue pumping carbon we learn from past climate variations? How can we best adapt to climate change? This report attempts

60

Studying Differential Item Functioning via Latent Variable Modeling: A Note on a Multiple-Testing Procedure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This note is concerned with a latent variable modeling approach for the study of differential item functioning in a multigroup setting. A multiple-testing procedure that can be used to evaluate group differences in response probabilities on individual items is discussed. The method is readily employed when the aim is also to locate possible…

Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A.; Lee, Chun-Lung; Chang, Chi

2013-01-01

61

Technical Note Finger motion sensors for fMRI motor studies  

E-print Network

computed from the angular velocity measurements. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the MEMS sensors (range nor alter fMRI statistical activation maps. Further, we show that signal from the MEMS sensorsTechnical Note Finger motion sensors for fMRI motor studies Judith D. Schaechter,a,b,* Christopher

Schaechter, Judith D.

62

Math 243: Notes on Induction The homework problems on induction involve not just getting the equations to work out  

E-print Network

Math 243: Notes on Induction The homework problems on induction involve not just getting. This handout describes what's involved in doing this, and gives some additional details about how induction problems were graded on the HW and how they'll be graded on exams. · The base case of an induction argument

Jones, Rafe

63

GMO monitoring data coordination and harmonisation at EU level – Outcomes of the European Commission Working Group on Guidance Notes supplementing Annex VII of Directive 2001\\/18\\/EC  

Microsoft Academic Search

:  A major objective of the European Commission Monitoring Working Group (MWG) on Guidance Notes supplementing Annex VII of Directive\\u000a 2001\\/18\\/EC was to explore the possibility of European Union (EU)-wide coordination and harmonisation of data resulting from\\u000a monitoring of genetically modified (GM) crops.\\u000a \\u000a Firstly, we present concepts for the coordination and harmonisation of monitoring data of cultivated GM crops. We argue

F. Graef; A. De Schrijver; B. Murray

2009-01-01

64

"Not Too Late to Take the Sanitation Test": Notes of a Non-Gifted Academic from the Working Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working-class academic narratives reveal a number of common themes, like dual estrangement and internalized class conflict. A less popularized motif is the bookish child who is catapulted out of her working-class origins. But some working-class academics, like myself, were not academically ambitious as children. I am a nontraditional working-class…

Borkowski, David

2004-01-01

65

Report on the Distance Studies Course "Social Studies." German Studies Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative social studies teacher education program at the University of Tubingen, West Germany, is described. The problems, aims, and structure of the course of study as well as general theories of learning in West Germany are discussed and these educational phenomena are compared with their American counterparts. The paper is presented in…

Hilligen, Wolfgang

66

Editor's Note (April 2004)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Have you ever worked with your students on some authentic problem? An issue in the school or community comes up and your class studies it? Most of you probably have. You have taught using some instructional technique for years, then someone "invents" it and it is suddenly in vogue. Project-based learning is one of these techniques. This selection includes notes from the Science and Children Field Editor about the value of project-based science.

Ohana, Chris

2004-04-01

67

Like Father, Like Son? A Note on the Intergenerational Transmission of IQ Scores. NBER Working Paper No. 14274  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More able parents tend to have more able children. While few would question the validity of this statement, there is little large-scale evidence on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores. Using a larger and more comprehensive dataset than previous work, we are able to estimate the intergenerational correlation in IQ scores, examining not…

Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell G.

2008-01-01

68

Appears in Working Notes of the IJCAI-95 Workshop on Engineering Problems for Qualitative Reasoning, Monreal, Quebec, Canada, August 1995  

E-print Network

with Behavioral Modes Siddarth Subramanian, Raymond J. Mooney Dept. of Computer Sciences University of Texas-fault assumption (Dvorak, 1992). Most previous work on model-based diagnosis (Reiter, 1987; de Kleer and Williams to SHER- LOCK (de Kleer and Williams, 1989)and the algorithmbuilds on INC-DIAGNOSE (Ng, 1990). The system

Mooney, Raymond J.

69

The Unbearable Fatigue of Compassion: Notes from a Substance Abuse Counselor Who Dreams of Working at Starbuck’s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research has determined that a larger percent of social workers and other counselors are affected by PTSD types of\\u000a symptoms when working with traumatized clients than the general population. While much of this research addresses workers\\u000a in specific trauma areas like sexual assault centers or child welfare agencies, little specific thought has been given towards\\u000a the special stress that

Annie Fahy

2007-01-01

70

International scoping study: accelerator working group report  

SciTech Connect

During the past several years, an International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Neutrino Factory was carried out, with the aim of developing an internationally accepted baseline facility design. Progress toward that goal will be described. Many of the key technical aspects of a Neutrino Factory facility design are presently being investigated experimentally, and the status of these investigations will be mentioned. Plans for the recently launched International Design Study (IDS), which serves as a follow-on to the ISS, will be briefly described.

Zisman, Michael; Zisman, M.S.

2006-09-30

71

Sex Work and Students: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available evidence suggests that changes in the funding of higher education have led to some students entering the sex industry in order to make ends meet. The current study comprises a sample of undergraduates (N=130) in the south of England, who completed a cross-sectional survey of their financial circumstances, health, psychological…

Roberts, Ron; Bergstrom, Sandra; La Rooy, David

2007-01-01

72

Improving the work area: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case study of an ergonomic intervention at a world-leading food company is presented. The marketing department decided to replace the glass container with a clear PVC container, while retaining the product's original appearance as much as possible. Introduction of this new container created many production problems, such as difficulty in gluing the label on to the bottle. However, the

ROBERT GILBERT; ROBERT CARRIER; FRANCINE LAURENT; JEAN SCHIETTEKATTE

1990-01-01

73

38 CFR 21.4145 - Work-study allowance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...eligible to receive a work-study allowance. (2) An eligible...eligible to receive a work-study allowance when- (i) The...c) Utilization. Work-study services may be utilized in...Hospital and domiciliary care and medical treatment at VA...

2012-07-01

74

38 CFR 21.4145 - Work-study allowance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...eligible to receive a work-study allowance. (2) An eligible...eligible to receive a work-study allowance when- (i) The...c) Utilization. Work-study services may be utilized in...Hospital and domiciliary care and medical treatment at VA...

2011-07-01

75

38 CFR 21.4145 - Work-study allowance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...eligible to receive a work-study allowance. (2) An eligible...eligible to receive a work-study allowance when- (i) The...c) Utilization. Work-study services may be utilized in...Hospital and domiciliary care and medical treatment at VA...

2013-07-01

76

Apparatus Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four notes that report new equipment and techniques of interest to physics teachers. These notes deal with collosions of atoms in solids, determining the viscosity of a liquid, measuring the speed of sound and demonstrating Doppler effect. (HM)

Eaton, Bruce G., Ed.

1980-01-01

77

Delaware Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Delaware Library has been expanding their online offerings in the past few years, and this addition of the "Delaware Notes" archive is most welcome. The series consists of a variety of publications created by the University from 1923 to the present, and the subject matter covered within these pages is quite diverse. Here visitors will find a very exhaustive history of the University of Delaware ("University of Delaware: Ancestors, Friends and Neighbors"), an academic appraisal of Longfellow's wanderings ("Longfellow and Germany"), and an early paper on aerodynamics titled "Aerodynamics of the Psychrometer". Visitors are encouraged to search the collection by author, title, subject, or date. It's an impressive potpourri of scholarly works, and one that might pique a new interest among curious visitors.

78

A preliminary study of work problems on train drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper describes the findings from a preliminary study of the work problems on train drivers in new work situations. The train driver work system is a compound and complex system with many factors. It is not possible to isolate any contributing factor for work problems from the whole system. The effects of the factors for the problems on

Jing Qiu; R. Helbig; H. Rabenstein; M. Williams

2011-01-01

79

Notes for GMail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handy application for adding notes to Gmail conversations and exchanges is quite useful. It works as a web browser application that allows users to annotate emails, create to-do lists, and much more. Additionally, visitors can add reminders with social network integration and pin notes for future reference. This version is compatible with all computers utilizing Google Chrome.

2014-07-16

80

Study of the extinction of a note in reed instruments Laboratoire d'acoustique de l'universite du Maine, B^at. IAM -UFR Sciences Avenue Olivier  

E-print Network

Study of the extinction of a note in reed instruments A. Almeida Laboratoire d'acoustique de l focuses on the extinction transients in reed instruments. Firstly, the most relevant methods for characterising the extinction of the note are briefly discussed. The extinction duration of recorded notes using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

81

Extravehicular Crewman Work System (ECWS) study program. Volume 2: Construction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The construction portion of the Extravehicular Crewman Work System Study defines the requirements and selects the concepts for the crewman work system required to support the construction of large structures in space.

Wilde, R. C.

1980-01-01

82

University Studies Diversity of Human Experience Note: In this scoring guide, "diversity" refers to differences in ethnic, religious, and  

E-print Network

University Studies Diversity of Human Experience Note: In this scoring guide, "diversity" refers choices in the personal and public spheres Score of 5 ­ Does most of the following: · presents persuasive of central theories and concepts related to the study of diversity · demonstrates some attempt

83

Work Study/Work Learn Prepared by Liz Hilliard and Spencer Hunt  

E-print Network

Work Study/Work Learn proposals Prepared by Liz Hilliard and Spencer Hunt workstudy not otherwise indicated that they should not be posted) #12;Contact information · Spencer Hunt Acting On Campus Employment Coordinator spencer.hunt@ubc.ca · Liz Hilliard Acting Assoc. Director, Student Development

Handy, Todd C.

84

Balancing Work with Study: Impact on Marketing Students' Experience of Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 57% of students in the United States work while attending college. For most of these students (81%), this is more than 20 hours a week. There has been shown to be a negative relationship between hours worked and academic achievement in studies in the United States as well as the United Kingdom and Australia. There is, however, no…

D'Alessandro, Steven; Volet, Simone

2012-01-01

85

Bullying and harassment at work and their relationships to work environment quality: An exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore relationships between organizational and social work conditions and the occurrence of bullying and harassment at work. Bullying and harassment are situations where a worker or supervisor is systematically mistreated and victimized by fellow workers or supervisors through repeated negative acts like insulting remarks and ridicule, verbal abuse, offensive teasing, isolation, and social

Ståle Einarsen; Bjørn Inge Raknes; Stig Berge Matthiesen

1994-01-01

86

OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID Federal Work-Study Program  

E-print Network

participants must attend a FWS Student Orientation Session. Please see the schedule at wwwOFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID Federal Work-Study Program AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL WORK will depend on your hourly wage and the number of hours you work. To Begin Your FWS Employment 1. New FWS

Milchberg, Howard

87

Funding Full-Time Study through Part-Time Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Full-time students engaged in part-time studies have been a subject of increasing academic attention. This study extends work in this area by examining: the extent to which full-time undergraduate students undertake part-time employment, the reasons for working whilst studying full-time and the extent to which students relate their part-time…

Richardson, Mark; Evans, Carl; Gbadamosi, Gbolahan

2009-01-01

88

Noted cinema and video game studies scholar Dr. Bernard Perron will examine survival horrorvideogamesasarich,complexsiteforthestudyforgender.Withitshypersexualized  

E-print Network

Noted cinema and video game studies scholar Dr. Bernard Perron will examine survival is co-editor of The VideoGameTheoryReaderI (Routledge, 2003) and 2 (2009), editor of HorrorVideoGames of Michigan Press, 2012). His research concentrates on video games; on horror; on interactive cinema

89

Apparatus Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents seven notes on new equipment, techniques, or materials of interest to teachers of physics. A circuit of a low-cost computer terminal to audiovisual device interface, and a demonstration of the buoyancy of air are among notes presented. (HM)

Eaton, Bruce G., Ed.

1980-01-01

90

Returning to Work after Cancer: Quantitative Studies and Prototypical Narratives  

PubMed Central

Objective A combination of quantitative data and illustrative narratives may allow cancer survivorship researchers to disseminate their research findings more broadly. We identified recent, methodologically rigorous quantitative studies on return to work after cancer, summarized the themes from these studies, and illustrated those themes with narratives of individual cancer survivors. Methods We reviewed English-language studies of return to work for adult cancer survivors through June, 2008, and identified 13 general themes from papers that met methodological criteria (population-based sampling, prospective and longitudinal assessment, detailed assessment of work, evaluation of economic impact, assessment of moderators of work return, and large sample size). We drew survivorship narratives from a prior qualitative research study to illustrate these themes. Results Nine quantitative studies met 4 or more of our 6 methodological criteria. These studies suggested that most cancer survivors could return to work without residual disabilities. Cancer site, clinical prognosis, treatment modalities, socioeconomic status, and attributes of the job itself influenced the likelihood of work return. Three narratives - a typical survivor who returned to work after treatment, an individual unable to return to work, and an inspiring survivor who returned to work despite substantial barriers - illustrated many of the themes from the quantitative literature while providing additional contextual details. Conclusion Illustrative narratives can complement the findings of cancer survivorship research if researchers are rigorous and transparent in the selection, analysis, and retelling of those stories. PMID:19507264

Steiner, John F.; Nowels, Carolyn T.; Main, Deborah S.

2009-01-01

91

What Works Clearinghouse[TM] Reporting Guide for Study Authors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidance about how to describe studies and report their findings in a way that is clear, complete, and transparent. This document does not include information about how studies are judged against What Works Clearinghouse evidence standards. For information about What Works Clearinghouse evidence standards, please refer to…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

2012-01-01

92

Studies on the Warm Working Characteristics of Alloys.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The dislocation substructures developed in AISI 304 stainless steel, Mangalloy (Fe-14% Mn - 3% Ni) and E-Brite 26-1 (Fe-26% Cr - 1% Mo) have been studied as a function of various warm working conditions. Warm working studies were performed in the range 0....

C. M. Young, B. Walser, O. D. Sherby

1974-01-01

93

Work and Study: Cuba and the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Cuban work-study program, the circumstances which gave rise to it, and the overall objectives it hopes to achieve. Then the United States model is discussed. Some thought is given to the future of work-study efforts in U.S. colleges, especially in light of the continuing economic recession. (Author/RK)

Howard, Mary

1977-01-01

94

White Matter Hyperintensities and Working Memory: An Explorative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are commonly observed in elderly people and may have the most profound effect on executive functions, including working memory. Surprisingly, the Digit Span backward, a frequently employed working memory task, reveals no association with WMH. In the present study, it was investigated whether more detailed analyses of WMH variables and study sample selection are important when

Joukje M. Oosterman; Barbera van Harten; Henry C. Weinstein; Philip Scheltens; Joseph A. Sergeant; Erik J. A. Scherder

2008-01-01

95

Novice Nurses' Perception of Working Night Shifts: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Nursing is always accompanied by shift working and nurses in Iran have to work night shifts in some stages of their professional life. Therefore, the present study aimed to describe the novice nurses’ perception of working night shifts. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted on 20 novice nurses working in two university hospitals of Jahrom, Iran. The study data were collected through focus group interviews. All the interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using constant comparative analysis and qualitative content analysis. Results: The study findings revealed five major themes of value system, physical and psychological problems, social relationships, organizational problems, and appropriate opportunity. Conclusion: The study presented a deep understanding of the novice nurses’ perception of working night shifts, which can be used by the managers as a basis for organizing health and treatment systems.

Faseleh Jahromi, Mohsen; Moattari, Marzieh; Sharif, Farkhondeh

2013-01-01

96

U.S. Taxation of Business: Relevance of the European Experience. German Studies Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American and European business taxation policies are compared in this booklet. Topics discussed in the paper include effects of the corporation income tax, integration of income taxation, and the value added tax. Two major differences between the American and European systems are noted. First, European countries derive substantial portions of…

McLure, Charles E., Jr.

97

Probability and Statistics Exam 1 Study Guide Fall 2013 1. Notes about the examination  

E-print Network

, permutation, ordered sample of size r, sampling with replacement, sampling without replacement, combina- tion dice (each with 8 sides) and note the spots ex: A half­hour of television programming contains 6 commercials. Three of the com- mercials are food commercials, and three are clothing commercials. Assuming

Hein, Derek

98

Work on the Super and the Study of Atmospheric Ignition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By 1951, the group of young faculty (Bob Gluckstern and me), post doctoral fellows and graduate students, was comfortably established in Sloane Laboratory, and as "The Breit Group", in the department of physics at Yale. We didn't consciously separate ourselves from others in the department, and no one seemed to put us apart, but the association with Breit gave us a special "aura"--sometimes as objects of pity. Any project that involved the group as a whole, or a significant part of it, was discussed with Bob and me, and sometime in 1951 Breit called us in to consider a request that we look at the possibility of atmospheric ignition by a "Super" - as we still called it then, after Edward Teller. At the end of my stay at Los Alamos, in the summer of 1946, we youngsters had many bull sessions about that "Super", and the possibility of controlled fusion energy. We were confident that the former would be working in perhaps five years, and the latter within ten. After all, Han Bethe had shown us how the sun made its energy, and all that was needed to do was to replace a couple of his slow beta decays with something faster. As I write, some fifty-four years later, we still haven't got fusion energy for power. Our crystal balls were cloudier than Vicky Weisskopf's were to be! But I knew some of the lingo, and had worked out the way radiation penetrates the atmosphere (for understanding the Bikini tests), so in 1951, initially drew the task of looking at opacity, a key question in the bomb itself, and in the possibility of atmospheric ignition. Most of our limited work on the bomb was checking calculations that had been done by others as the Teller-Ulam design was being put together. At least some work on atmospheric ignition had already been done as well, but Teller wanted the "most careful physicist he knew" to do the definitive calculations, so Breit got the call. I do not recall all the members of the group who worked on the project and for that I apologize - no private notes were allowed because the work was classified. But in addition to Bob Gluckstern, I recall, for reasons that will appear, that John McHale was one of the project workers. At one point I think we were all working on nitrogen reactions ...

Hull, Mcallister

2001-03-01

99

HEASPA 2014-2015: Director Descriptions Please note: all directors attend the one-hour monthly meeting to discuss their work in addition to the  

E-print Network

hours to provide a social outlet for HEASPA members (Welcome Back Celebration; Holiday Potluck/mentees Marketing Director This position will coordinate social media for HEASPA. Duties include: Maintaining social media Facilitating communications efforts for HEASPA Taking notes during meetings

100

A Win-Win Paradigm for Quality of Work Life and Business Performance. [and] Invited Reaction: Comments on Lau and May's Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lau and May's study of 58 "best U.S. companies to work for" and 88 top Standard and Poor's companies suggests that companies with high quality of working life can also enjoy exceptional growth and profitability. Schurman's critique notes that their sample does not reflect conditions in the majority of U.S. employers. (SK)

Lau, R. S. M.; May, Bruce E.; Schurman, Susan J.

1998-01-01

101

COURSE OF STUDY: DISTANCE OPTION MASTER OF SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM  

E-print Network

Development in the Social Environment, Issues in Child Welfare, Health Care Policies and Programs and PovertyCOURSE OF STUDY: DISTANCE OPTION MASTER OF SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM Three-year curriculum grid example First Year ­ 19 credits Fall Winter Spring SW 520 Social Work and Social Welfare Policy (4 credit hours

102

Curriculum of Work-Study Program, Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work study curriculum guide for secondary special education students was designed for use in a classroom atmosphere simulating a work setting. Performance objectives and suggested activities are listed for 10 units (sample subunits in parentheses): purchasing habits (advertising methods, types of stores and merchandise, sales tax); budgeting…

Smith, Darrell; And Others

103

Soul Work: A Phenomenological Study of College English Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English teachers can encourage writing that opens college students to transformative learning through what John Dirkx called soul work. This soul work involves the conscious attempt to bring to the surface myths, images, and metaphors from the unconscious through imaginative writing and thinking processes. Participants in this study engaged in…

Ashby, Sjon F.

2011-01-01

104

A Study To Increase Computer Applications in Social Work Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to address the use of computers in social work practice and to survey the field for tools, concepts, and trends that could assist social workers in their practice. In addition to a review of the relevant literature, information was requested from the Social Work Service and Ambulatory Care Database Section at Walter…

Lucero, John A.

105

NORTHEAST LOON STUDY WORKING GROUP PARTNERSHIP TO ASSESS ENVIRONMENTAL RISK  

EPA Science Inventory

The Northeast Loon Study Working Group (NELSWG) was formed in 1994 to proactively identify threats to one of the Northeast's most popular waterbirds, the common loon, Gavia immer. Seventeen institutions have come together to identify strategy, coordinate the work load, and share ...

106

How quality control circles enhance work safety: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how quality control circles (QCCs) enhance work safety in a manufacturing firm in a developing country environment of the Middle East. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is an exploratory investigation into the role of QCCs in enhancing work safety based on a case study method. This includes: a comprehensive scrutiny of

Salaheldin I. Salaheldin; Mohamed Zain

2007-01-01

107

What Works? Countermeasures to Terrorism: A Case Study of PKK  

Microsoft Academic Search

What works? This can be the ultimate question in the war on terrorism. How can we reduce and hopefully eliminate this type of human suffering? A good many ideas or suggestions are available; however, we are still uncertain what counter terrorism measures or tactics do indeed work. By using the case study method, this paper attempts to answer this question.

Eunyoung Kim; Minwoo Yun

2008-01-01

108

Workplace Skills in Practice. Case Studies of Technical Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to explore skills and work-related dispositions in technical work. It used a sociocultural approach to examine skills in seven target jobs in worksites representing diverse industries--health care, traffic management, transportation, and semiconductor manufacturing. It explored employers' strategies for obtaining the skills…

Stasz, Cathleen; And Others

109

Function allocation: a perspective from studies of work practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Function allocation is a central component of systems engineering and its main aim is to provide a rational means of determining which system-level functions should be carried out by humans and which by machines. Such allocation it is assumed can take place early in design life cycle. Such a rational approach to work design sits uneasily with studies of work

Peter C. Wright; Andy Dearden; Bob Fields

2000-01-01

110

HR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES WHAT ARE FIT NOTES?  

E-print Network

remains `not fit for work'. What this means to you, getting advice and support On receipt of a `fit noteHR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES WHAT ARE FIT NOTES? Fit note is the informal name for the new Statement of Fitness for Work. The fit note replaced the sick note (medical statement or doctor's note) on 6 April 2010

Sussex, University of

111

38 CFR 21.9670 - Work-study allowance.  

...and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Post-9/11 GI Bill Payments-Educational Assistance § 21.9670 Work-study allowance. An eligible individual...

2014-07-01

112

Opportunities at Centro: Internships (I) and Work Study (WS)  

E-print Network

Opportunities at Centro: Internships (I) and Work Study (WS) Events: (I, WS) Supporting all facets is desirable. Junior and senior undergrads and graduate students are encouraged to apply. For more information

Qiu, Weigang

113

Older Antibiotic Still Works Against Staph Infections, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Older Antibiotic Still Works Against Staph Infections, Study Finds Vancomycin ... and effective, doctors should not turn to newer antibiotics, researchers say (*this news item will not be ...

114

IS supported service work: A case study of global  

E-print Network

rules. Welcome aboard the Black Pearl, Miss Turner!" [from the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. The curse of the Black Pearl (Walt Disney, 2003)] #12;IS supported service work: a case study of global certification ii

Langseth, Helge

115

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

116

A Qualitative Study of the Work Environments of Mexican Nurses  

PubMed Central

Background Studies of the nursing work environment are increasingly common in developed countries, but few exist in developing countries. Because of resource differences between the two contexts, researchers need to clarify what aspects of the work environments are similar and different. Objectives To study the perspectives of Mexican nurses about their work environments to determine similarities and differences to results from developed world studies. Design A secondary, directed content analysis of qualitative data from 46 Spanish language interviews using workplace-oriented themes Setting Purposively selected Mexican states from four regions of the country that reflect the country’s socioeconomic differences. Participants Practicing Mexican nurses with at least one year of clinical experience and currently working in nursing. Participants were recruited through convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Methods Initial data collection occurred in 2006 and 2008 during a broader study about professionalization processes that occurred in Mexican nursing between 1980 and 2005. The secondary, directed content analysis focused on an in-depth exploration of a central theme that emerged from the two original studies: The Workplace. The directed content analysis used themes from the global nursing work environment literature to structure the analysis: Professional relationships, organizational administrative practices, and quality of care and services. Results The three themes from the global literature were relevant for the Mexican context and a new one emerged related to hiring practices. By category, the same factors that created positive or negative perceptions of the work environment matched findings from other international studies conducted in developed countries. The descriptors of the category, however, had different conceptual meanings that illustrate the health system challenges in Mexico. Conclusions Findings from this study suggest that studies that seek to measure nursing work environments will most likely apply in Mexico and other Latin American or middle-income countries. Instruments designed to measure the work environment of nurses in these countries may prove relevant in those contexts, but require careful adaptation and systematic translations to ensure it. PMID:22386989

Squires, Allison; Juarez, Adrian

2012-01-01

117

What Works Study for Adult ESL Literacy Students. Study Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to identify ways in which programs can provide effective instruction to improve the English language and literacy skills of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy students. The study also examined attendance patterns of adult ESL literacy students and instructional factors related to attendance and provided descriptive…

Condelli, Larry; Wrigley, Heide Spruck; Yoon, Kwang

118

Case Study: Linux ext3 and Journaling In this note, we will study the Linux ext3 file system. The ext3 FS  

E-print Network

32 Case Study: Linux ext3 and Journaling In this note, we will study the Linux ext3 file system to an existing file. For simplic- ity, let's assume we are using a simplified version Linux ext2 [T98], which the first version of the inode (Iv1), it looks like this: 1 #12;2 CASE STUDY: LINUX EXT3 AND JOURNALING

Sheridan, Jennifer

119

Work.  

PubMed

The very nature of work is changing because of rapid social change, a culture of abundance, and the ability to substitute information for equipment, inventory, and other material aspects of value creation. In America, we are experiencing an erosion of the concept of a "job," a dramatic shift to service and information as the basis for value added, market commercialism, and the importance of the self-managed career. In some of these areas, dentistry has been consistent with the patterns of innovation--even being a model in some cases. There are also areas where dentistry is moving in contrary directions. PMID:12602221

Chambers, David W

2002-01-01

120

Association of overtime work and hypertension in a Japanese working population: A cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Long working hours have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but its relationship with hypertension remains unclear. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between overtime and presence of hypertension using data from a large-scale multi-company study in Japan. Participants were 52?365 workers of four companies that provided both health-checkup data and self-reported data on overtime worked. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ?140?mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ?90?mmHg, and/or the use of antihypertensive drug. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the odds ratio for hypertension for each category of overtime work (<45, 45-79, 80-99 or ?100?h/month) with adjustments for age, sex, company, smoking status and body mass index. The prevalence of hypertension tended to decrease with increasing overtime work: 17.5, 12.0, 11.1 and 9.1% for the shortest (<45?h/month) through the longest overtime category (?100?h/month). The age-, sex- and company-adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) were 1.00 (reference), 0.81 (0.75-0.86), 0.73 (0.62-0.86), 0.58 (0.44-0.76), respectively (p for linear trend <0.001). In a sub-cohort, the inverse association remained statistically significant after an additional adjustment for other potential confounders. Results of the present large-scale study among Japanese workers suggest an inverse association between overtime work and presence of hypertension. PMID:25229210

Imai, Teppei; Kuwahara, Keisuke; Nishihara, Akiko; Nakagawa, Tohru; Yamamoto, Shuichiro; Honda, Toru; Miyamoto, Toshiaki; Kochi, Takeshi; Eguchi, Masafumi; Uehara, Akihiko; Kuroda, Reiko; Omoto, Daisuke; Nagata, Tomohisa; Pham, Ngoc Minh; Kurotani, Kayo; Nanri, Akiko; Akter, Shamima; Kabe, Isamu; Mizoue, Tetsuya; Sone, Tomofumi; Dohi, Seitaro

2014-12-01

121

Working in the Sky: A Diary Study on Work Engagement Among Flight Attendants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to gain insight in the motivational process of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model by examining whether daily fluctuations in colleague support (i.e., a typical job resource) predict day-levels of job performance through self-efficacy and work engagement. Forty-four flight attendants filled in a questionnaire and a diary booklet before and after consecutive flights to three intercontinental destinations. Results

Despoina Xanthopoulou; Arnold B. Baker; Ellen Heuven; Evangelia Demerouti; Wilmar B. Schaufeli

2008-01-01

122

Facilitating Collaborative Work in Tertiary Teaching: A Self-Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a self-study undertaken by the author to better understand the educational practices of scaffolding in pre-service teachers' collaborative group work. The method included student interviews, conversations with a critical friend, and the researcher's diary. The self-study allowed for fine-tuning theoretical understanding and…

Verenikina, Irina

2012-01-01

123

A study of the hot working behavior of Al-Mg alloy 5052 by hot torsion testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The hot working behavior of commercial Al-2.5 wt pct Mg alloy 5052 was studied using hot torsion testing to simulate commercial hot rolling. The effects of homogenization time and temperature, and deformation temperature on the flow stress and hot ductility were carefully assessed. Microstructural characterizations and differential thermal analyses were performed to help explain the torsion data obtained. Significant variations in hot working behavior were noted for material machined from different regions of the commercial ingot studied. The constituent particles were found to play a significant role in determining the hot ductility of the alloy.

Precht, W.; Pickens, J. R.

1987-09-01

124

Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this issue's "Classroom Notes" section, the following papers are described: (1) "Sequences of Definite Integrals" by T. Dana-Picard; (2) "Structural Analysis of Pythagorean Monoids" by M.-Q Zhan and J. Tong; (3) "A Random Walk Phenomenon under an Interesting Stopping Rule" by S. Chakraborty; (4) "On Some Confidence Intervals for Estimating the…

International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

125

Biology Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on the teaching of nutrition (including new information relating to many current O-level syllabi) and part 16 of a reading list for A- and S-level biology. Also includes a note on using earthworms as a source of material for teaching meiosis. (JN)

School Science Review, 1984

1984-01-01

126

Note on \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been previously shown, with the aid of a simple example, that linear programmes may have two different non-negative marginal values at the optimum if the solution is degenerate. It is demonstrated in this note that other marginal values exist which may take negative values.

A Eilon; R Flavell

1974-01-01

127

Conference Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes some of the comments offered by biology teachers concerning dissection in the classroom. Some teachers no longer do dissection, whereas others say that a number of students in every class want to dissect. Discusses problems noted in teachers' and other educators' attitudes as well as possible misinterpretations of students' attitudes by…

Davis, Pat

1996-01-01

128

Page 1 | Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 30, 2014 Bachelors of Social Work (BSW)  

E-print Network

Page 1 | Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 30, 2014 Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) Academic Plan of Study College of Health and Human Services Department of Social Work the BSW graduate for generalist social work practice. Students will need to complete SOWK 1101, 2182, 2183

Raja, Anita

129

Psychosocial work environment and antidepressant medication: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Adverse psychosocial work environments may lead to impaired mental health, but it is still a matter of conjecture if demonstrated associations are causal or biased. We aimed at verifying whether poor psychosocial working climate is related to increase of redeemed subscription of antidepressant medication. Methods Information on all antidepressant drugs (AD) purchased at pharmacies from 1995 through 2006 was obtained for a cohort of 21,129 Danish public service workers that participated in work climate surveys carried out during the period 2002–2005. Individual self-reports of psychosocial factors at work including satisfaction with the work climate and dimensions of the job strain model were obtained by self-administered questionnaires (response rate 77,2%). Each employee was assigned the average score value for all employees at his/her managerial work unit [1094 units with an average of 18 employees (range 3–120)]. The risk of first-time AD prescription during follow-up was examined according to level of satisfaction and psychosocial strain by Cox regression with adjustment for gender, age, marital status, occupational status and calendar year of the survey. Results The proportion of employees that received at least one prescription of ADs from 1995 through 2006 was 11.9% and prescriptions rose steadily from 1.50% in 1996 to the highest level 6.47% in 2006. ADs were prescribed more frequent among women, middle aged, employees with low occupational status and those living alone. None of the measured psychosocial work environment factors were consistently related to prescription of antidepressant drugs during the follow-up period. Conclusion The study does not indicate that a poor psychosocial work environment among public service employees is related to prescription of antidepressant pharmaceuticals. These findings need cautious interpretation because of lacking individual exposure assessments. PMID:19635130

Bonde, Jens Peter E; Munch-Hansen, Torsten; Wieclaw, Joanna; Westergaard-Nielsen, Niels; Agerbo, Esben

2009-01-01

130

Work Satisfaction and the Black Female Professional: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black women who have gained access to higher education and higher paying positions often find themselves in less than optimal work environments, on account of racist and sexist attitudes of their colleagues. Accordingly, this study was undertaken to identify those aspects of interpersonal interaction and response among black professional women on…

Steward, Robbie J.

131

Teachers' Engagement at Work: An International Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the validity of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale in a sample of 853 practicing teachers from Australia, Canada, China (Hong Kong), Indonesia, and Oman. The authors used multigroup confirmatory factor analysis to test the factor structure and measurement invariance across settings, after which they examined the relationships…

Klassen, Robert M.; Aldhafri, Said; Mansfield, Caroline F.; Purwanto, Edy; Siu, Angela F. Y.; Wong, Marina W.; Woods-McConney, Amanda

2012-01-01

132

Rural Action: A Collection of Community Work Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 10 case studies of rural community development in England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and Catalonia, as seen from the perspective of community-work practitioners. Development projects encompassed such activities as promotion of tourism, establishment of community centers, vocational training for school dropouts, adult community…

Henderson, Paul, Ed.; Francis, David, Ed.

133

The College Work-Study Adult Literacy Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In academic year 1983-84, 19 postsecondary institutions participated in adult literacy projects under the Federal College Work Study (CWS) Program as part of the National Adult Literacy Initiative. (This report presents data from the 18 projects that returned questionnaires.) Approximately 256 college students tutored in reading, writing, math,…

Nickse, Ruth S.

134

What makes a knowledge management system work: a case study  

E-print Network

What makes a knowledge management system work: a case study Thomas Martine Tech-CICO, University why a knowledge management system, if conceived strictly from the point of view of organizational, an engineer, a product, a procedure) [3]. Doing knowledge management, then, consists in identifying

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

135

The Work-Study Experience of Indigenous Undergraduates in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the large number of universities in Taiwan and the increased availability of scholarships for disadvantaged students, the number of college students from indigenous families has been on the rise in recent years. However, many indigenous students still find it necessary to work part-time. In this study, indigenous students were interviewed…

Chen, Shan-Hua

2014-01-01

136

A Qualitative Study of the Dislocated Working Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines factors that influence the career decisions of dislocated workers. The research focuses on individuals identified as working class, as this group has been relatively ignored in past research compared to individuals from higher socioeconomic statuses. Participants include 13 individuals (10 females and 3 males)…

Fouad, Nadya A.; Cotter, Elizabeth W.; Carter, Laura; Bernfeld, Steven; Gray, India; Liu, Jane P.

2012-01-01

137

NOTE: A feasibility study of markerless fluoroscopic gating for lung cancer radiotherapy using 4DCT templates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major difficulty in conformal lung cancer radiotherapy is respiratory organ motion, which may cause clinically significant targeting errors. Respiratory-gated radiotherapy allows for more precise delivery of prescribed radiation dose to the tumor, while minimizing normal tissue complications. Gating based on external surrogates is limited by its lack of accuracy, while gating based on implanted fiducial markers is limited primarily by the risk of pneumothorax due to marker implantation. Techniques for fluoroscopic gating without implanted fiducial markers (markerless gating) have been developed. These techniques usually require a training fluoroscopic image dataset with marked tumor positions in the images, which limits their clinical implementation. To remove this requirement, this study presents a markerless fluoroscopic gating algorithm based on 4DCT templates. To generate gating signals, we explored the application of three similarity measures or scores between fluoroscopic images and the reference 4DCT template: un-normalized cross-correlation (CC), normalized cross-correlation (NCC) and normalized mutual information (NMI), as well as average intensity (AI) of the region of interest (ROI) in the fluoroscopic images. Performance was evaluated using fluoroscopic and 4DCT data from three lung cancer patients. On average, gating based on CC achieves the highest treatment accuracy given the same efficiency, with a high target coverage (average between 91.9% and 98.6%) for a wide range of nominal duty cycles (20-50%). AI works well for two patients out of three, but failed for the third patient due to interference from the heart. Gating based on NCC and NMI usually failed below 50% nominal duty cycle. Based on this preliminary study with three patients, we found that the proposed CC-based gating algorithm can generate accurate and robust gating signals when using 4DCT reference template. However, this observation is based on results obtained from a very limited dataset, and further investigation on a larger patient population has to be done before its clinical implementation.

Li, Ruijiang; Lewis, John H.; Cerviño, Laura I.; Jiang, Steve B.

2009-10-01

138

Justice at work and metabolic syndrome: the Whitehall II study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesGrowing evidence shows that high levels of justice are beneficial for employee health, although biological mechanisms underlying this association are yet to be clarified. We aim to test whether high justice at work protects against metabolic syndrome.MethodsA prospective cohort study of 20 civil service departments in London (the Whitehall II study) including 6123 male and female British civil servants aged

David Gimeno; Ádám G Tabák; Jane E Ferrie; Martin J Shipley; Roberto De Vogli; Marko Elovainio; Jussi Vahtera; Michael G Marmot; Mika Kivimäki

2009-01-01

139

A Taste of Sunrise: A Director's Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a director's experience working with "A Taste of Sunrise," a play depicting the deaf culture. Stresses how important it is to educate the cast and provide them an opportunity to learn sign language. Notes that American Sign Language is complex and beautiful and deserves to be carefully studied and respectfully acknowledged by the hearing…

Hovasse, Nancy

2001-01-01

140

Sawtooth Functions. Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using MAPLE enables students to consider many examples which would be very tedious to work out by hand. This applies to graph plotting as well as to algebraic manipulation. The challenge is to use these observations to develop the students' understanding of mathematical concepts. In this note an interesting relationship arising from inverse…

Hirst, Keith

2004-01-01

141

Development and Evaluation of ‘Briefing Notes’ as a Novel Knowledge Translation Tool to Aid the Implementation of Sex/Gender Analysis in Systematic Reviews: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing recognition of sex/gender differences in health and the importance of identifying differential effects of interventions for men and women. Yet, to whom the research evidence does or does not apply, with regard to sex/gender, is often insufficiently answered. This is also true for systematic reviews which synthesize results of primary studies. A lack of analysis and reporting of evidence on sex/gender raises concerns about the applicability of systematic reviews. To bridge this gap, this pilot study aimed to translate knowledge about sex/gender analysis (SGA) into a user-friendly ‘briefing note’ format and evaluate its potential in aiding the implementation of SGA in systematic reviews. Methods Our Sex/Gender Methods Group used an interactive process to translate knowledge about sex/gender into briefing notes, a concise communication tool used by policy and decision makers. The briefing notes were developed in collaboration with three Cochrane Collaboration review groups (HIV/AIDS, Hypertension, and Musculoskeletal) who were also the target knowledge users of the briefing notes. Briefing note development was informed by existing systematic review checklists, literature on sex/gender, in-person and virtual meetings, and consultation with topic experts. Finally, we held a workshop for potential users to evaluate the notes. Results Each briefing note provides tailored guidance on considering sex/gender to reviewers who are planning or conducting systematic reviews and includes the rationale for considering sex/gender, with examples specific to each review group’s focus. Review authors found that the briefing notes provided welcome guidance on implementing SGA that was clear and concise, but also identified conceptual and implementation challenges. Conclusions Sex/gender briefing notes are a promising knowledge translation tool. By encouraging sex/gender analysis and equity considerations in systematic reviews, the briefing notes can assist systematic reviewers in ensuring the applicability of research evidence, with the goal of improved health outcomes for diverse populations. PMID:25372876

Doull, Marion; Welch, Vivian; Puil, Lorri; Runnels, Vivien; Coen, Stephanie E.; Shea, Beverley; O’Neill, Jennifer; Borkhoff, Cornelia; Tudiver, Sari; Boscoe, Madeline

2014-01-01

142

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Split-YFP/BiFC in Plant Protein-Protein Interaction Studies  

PubMed Central

Since its introduction in plants 10 years ago, the bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) method, or split-YFP (yellow fluorescent protein), has gained popularity within the plant biology field as a method to study protein-protein interactions. BiFC is based on the restoration of fluorescence after the two non-fluorescent halves of a fluorescent protein are brought together by a protein-protein interaction event. The major drawback of BiFC is that the fluorescent protein halves are prone to self-assembly independent of a protein-protein interaction event. To circumvent this problem, several modifications of the technique have been suggested, but these modifications have not lead to improvements in plant BiFC protocols. Therefore, it remains crucial to include appropriate internal controls. Our literature survey of recent BiFC studies in plants shows that most studies use inappropriate controls, and a qualitative rather than quantitative read-out of fluorescence. Therefore, we provide a cautionary note and beginner’s guideline for the setup of BiFC experiments, discussing each step of the protocol, including vector choice, plant expression systems, negative controls, and signal detection. In addition, we present our experience with BiFC with respect to self-assembly, peptide linkers, and incubation temperature. With this note, we aim to provide a guideline that will improve the quality of plant BiFC experiments. PMID:24886811

Horstman, Anneke; Nougalli Tonaco, Isabella Antonia; Boutilier, Kim; Immink, Richard G. H.

2014-01-01

143

A prospective study of the association between the readiness for return to work scale and future work participation in norway.  

PubMed

Aim The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between the Norwegian version of the Readiness for return to work (RTW) scale and future work participation among persons in inpatient occupational rehabilitation. Methods A prospective cohort with one year follow up. The participants (n = 179) were persons with reduced work ability who participated in a one-week inpatient rehabilitation program. Four readiness for RTW factors were identified at baseline using explorative factor analysis: 'RTW inability' and 'RTW uncertainty' among persons not working, and 'uncertain work maintenance' and 'proactive work maintenance' among persons working. Work participation was measured as days without sickness benefits in the year following the rehabilitation program. The associations between work participation and readiness for RTW factors were analyzed in multivariate linear regression models controlling for gender, age, subjective health complaints, employment status and previous sickness benefit. Results High scores on the RTW inability factor were associated with low future work participation among persons not working before the rehabilitation program. Among persons working before the program, the proactive work maintenance factor was associated with high future work participation. Neither the RTW uncertainty factor nor the uncertain work maintenance factor was associated with future work participation. Conclusions The associations between two readiness for RTW factors (RTW inability and proactive work maintenance) and future work participation indicate that these factors can be used as screening tools to tailor occupational rehabilitation programs. PMID:24395042

Braathen, Tore N; Brage, Søren; Tellnes, Gunnar; Irene, Oyeflaten; Chris, Jensen; Eftedal, Monica

2014-12-01

144

Taking Notes Advising & Academic Enhancement * 208.426.4049 * aae.boisestate.edu/tutoring  

E-print Network

to take notes. What might work for one student, might confuse another. It could take some explora on, but finding a method that works best for you is one of the most important steps in taking good notes. Here and easier to lo- cate for studying. Part Three--A er Class Summarize. Make sure you summarize the infor

Barrash, Warren

145

A didactical note on the advantage of using two parameters in Hopf bifurcation studies.  

PubMed

In order to maximize the information that a linearized stability analysis provides, one should work with two free parameters rather than one. Moreover, it is recommended to first consider coefficients in the characteristic equation as parameters and in a second step (try to) invert the map that defines the coefficients in terms of the parameters as they occur in the original equation. Our aim is to substantiate these claims by way of a delay equation example taken from the literature. PMID:23327443

Diekmann, O; Korvasová, K

2013-01-01

146

Note: Studies on x-ray production in electron cyclotron resonance x-ray source based on ridged cylindrical cavity  

SciTech Connect

A ridged cylindrical cavity has been designed using MICROWAVE STUDIO programme and it is used in the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) x-ray source. The experimental parameters of the source are optimized for maximizing the x-ray output, and an x-ray dose rate of {approx}1000 {mu}Sv/h was observed at 20 cm from the port, for 500 W of microwave power without using any target. With the molybdenum target located at optimum position of the ridged cavity, the dose rate is found to be increased only by 10%. In order to understand the experimental observation, the electric field pattern of the cavity with the target placed at various radial distances is studied. In this note, the experimental and theoretical studies on ECR x-ray source using the ridged cylindrical cavity are presented.

Selvakumaran, T. S.; Baskaran, R. [Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu 603102 (India)

2012-02-15

147

Enhancing Department Climate: A Guide for Department Chairs (Note : To gain access to full text versions of articles see our RefWorks Bibliography)  

E-print Network

Discrimination and Sexual Harassment in Academic Medicine," Annals of Internal Medicine 132; 11 (June 2000): 889 to full text versions of articles see our RefWorks Bibliography) 1. University of Wisconsin-Madison Campus://www.provost.wisc.edu/climate/what.html (accessed Jan. 6, 2009). 2. University of Wisconsin-Madison, Committee on Women in the University's Work

Sheridan, Jennifer

148

Notes on Teaching an Independent-Study Class in the Short Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the author addresses his independent study students. Suggests that teachers who write study guides and "teach" independent-study courses in literature should try to invent effective instructional aids that will mitigate the disadvantages of not having the everyday-classroom experience and provide maximum opportunity for freedom of…

Mayer, Charles W.

2003-01-01

149

Incidental captures of birds in small-mammal traps: a cautionary note for interdisciplinary studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although benefits of interdisciplinary studies are numerous, potential exists for data acqui- sition for some aspects of such studies to impact data acquisition for other aspects. This may be particularly true in studies involving both trapping of small mammals and assess- ment of bird populations. We summarize the incidence of birds captured during 8 research projects in Massachusetts, Oregon, and

David L. Waldien; Miranda M. Cooley; Jennifer Weikel; John P. Hayes; Chris C. Maguire; Tom Manning; Thomas J. Maier

2004-01-01

150

Working with "rookies": A case study of science teachers mentors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To gain insight into the world of mentoring new science teachers it is imperative to examine how a veteran science teacher is influenced through his or her work mentoring a new teacher. The impacts of mentoring new teachers have been extensively researched within the literature, documenting many of the factors that may enhance the teaching abilities of new teachers (Hobson, Ashby, Malderez & Tomlinson, 2008; Ingersoll & Kralik, 2004; Wang & Odell, 2002). A thorough search of the literature reveals an unbalanced representation of research focusing on the many influences mentoring may bring to a new teacher while ignoring the impact on the mentor. It is when the activity of mentoring a new teacher is examined within the theoretical frame work of social cognitive learning, it is apparent that not only are two individuals participating in working together, but also that research needs to investigate both sides of the relationship. Also, since the mentoring relationship is situated within a community of practice, it becomes important to utilize a situated learning theoretical framework in tandem with social cognitive learning to provide the clearest picture of this dynamic social relationship. This case study seeks to share the impacts experienced by mentors through their work with new teachers and provide balance to the other side of research into the social partnership of mentoring. Five science teachers mentoring new teachers online, through the University of Minnesota's Science Engineering, Math Mentoring Program (STEMMP) and Science Teacher Induction Network (TIN), participated in this study that explores their experiences through a phenomenographic lens and follows an interpretive research approach. Four main themes emerged that identified how science teacher mentors were impacted from mentoring which included: (1) impacts to their teaching practice, (2) perceptions influenced from feedback, (3) enhanced reflection, and (4) enhancement of self-efficacy. The results of this study also provide a model by which science teacher mentor characteristics can be identified. This case study has implications for improvement of science teacher mentoring programs and policies for professional support of mentor teachers and their mentees.

Meagher, Thomas Francis

151

Work Expectations and Work Realities: A Study of Graduating College Seniors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the findings are that men fare better than women in fulfilling post college career expectations, that women are less likely to obtain field related work and more likely to say they have experienced work discrimination, and that women anticipate less earnings and earn less - the one area where expectations match the reality. (Author/AM)

Gottlieb, David; Bell, Mary Lou

1975-01-01

152

STUDY OF WORKING FLUID MIXTURES AND HIGH TEMPERATURE WORKING FLUIDS FOR COMPRESSOR DRIVEN SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

Discussion 17 Heat transfer in condensation 19 References 20 3. SYSTEM ASPECTS OF HEAT PUMPS are to gather theoretical and experimental information for heat pump systems operating with new working fluids with other heat pump systems. (b) Scope. Working fluids and systems to be included in this Task are: (1) Pure

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

153

Safety in Work Vehicles: A Multilevel Study Linking Safety Values and Individual Predictors to Work-Related Driving Crashes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although work-related driving is associated with high accident rates, limited research has investigated the factors influencing driving crashes in the work setting. This study explored multilevel influences on self-reported crashes in the workplace by surveying a sample of work-related drivers (n = 380), their workgroup supervisors (n = 88), and fleet managers (n = 47). At the driver level of

Sharon Newnam; Mark A. Griffin; Claire Mason

2008-01-01

154

Highlights of the Public Radio Programming Study, Fiscal Year 1996. CPB Research Notes, No. 105.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting funded a national study of public radio programming since 1986. The 1996 programming study was conducted by National Public Radio's Audience Research department and had participation by 633 stations. Two-thirds of the stations reported broadcasting 24 hours per day, compared to one-third of stations in 1986.…

Ryan, Lisa Nackerud

155

Notes from the Ethnic Studies Home Front: Student Protests, Texting, and Subtexts of Oppression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The protest against Arizona House Bill 2281 designed to ban Ethnic Studies from K-12 public schools on 12 May 2010 in Tucson resulted in 15 arrests. Students walked out of their classrooms in large numbers to defend their Mexican American Studies curriculum and program. Based primarily on participant observation of the protest, the authors examine…

Otero, Lydia R.; Cammarota, Julio

2011-01-01

156

A Follow-Up Note on Prescriptive Statements in Nonintervention Research Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Robinson, Levin, Thomas, Pituch, and Vaughn (2007) examined 74 articles reporting nonintervention studies (i.e., studies with no researcher-manipulated variables) that appeared in 5 educational journals in 1994. Of these articles, 22 contained prescriptive statements (e.g., if teachers or students did X, then student outcome Y would result). In…

Shaw, Shana M.; Walls, Stephen M.; Dacy, Breana Sylvester; Levin, Joel R.; Robinson, Daniel H.

2010-01-01

157

In Defense of the Idiographic Approach: Studies of Suicide Notes and Personal Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two main approaches to understanding suicide are the nomethetic and the idiographic. The nomothetic approach deals with generalizations of the event, whereas the idiographic approach involves the intense study of individuals, primarily using qualitative methods. The former is well ingrained in suicidology; the latter is often questioned. This paper is in defense of the idiographic study and argues for

Antoon A. Leenars

2002-01-01

158

Note: Long-range scanning tunneling microscope for the study of nanostructures on insulating substrates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a powerful tool for studying the electronic properties at the atomic level, however, it is of relatively small scanning range and the fact that it can only operate on conducting samples prevents its application to study heterogeneous samples consisting of conducting and insulating regions. Here we present a long-range scanning tunneling microscope capable of detecting conducting micro and nanostructures on insulating substrates using a technique based on the capacitance between the tip and the sample and performing STM studies.

Molina-Mendoza, Aday J.; Rodrigo, José G.; Island, Joshua; Burzuri, Enrique; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino; van der Zant, Herre S. J.; Agraït, Nicolás

2014-02-01

159

Editor's Note (May 2004)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wherever you live, the weather provides a backdrop for studying science, and weather patterns play a critical role in our daily lives. They can determine everything from indoor recess to global economic patterns. This selection includes notes from the Field Editor of Science and Children about the study of weather with elementary students.

Ohana, Chris

2004-05-01

160

Note: A high Mach number arc-driven shock tube for turbulence studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high Mach arc-driven shock tube has been built at the Center for Plasma Science and Technology of Florida A&M University to study shock waves. A larger apparatus with higher voltage was built to study more stable shock waves and subsequent plasmas. Initial measurements of the apparatus conclude that the desired Mach numbers can be reached using only two-thirds the maximum possible energy that the circuit can provide.

Titus, J. B.; Alexander, A. B.; Johnson, J. A.

2013-04-01

161

Note: A high Mach number arc-driven shock tube for turbulence studies.  

PubMed

A high Mach arc-driven shock tube has been built at the Center for Plasma Science and Technology of Florida A&M University to study shock waves. A larger apparatus with higher voltage was built to study more stable shock waves and subsequent plasmas. Initial measurements of the apparatus conclude that the desired Mach numbers can be reached using only two-thirds the maximum possible energy that the circuit can provide. PMID:23635236

Titus, J B; Alexander, A B; Johnson, J A

2013-04-01

162

Note on Tekman's study of preference judgments for excerpts of music.  

PubMed

Tekman's study is a useful exploration and benefits from his consideration of published research on music; however, his interpretation of music tempo research by LeBlanc and associates cannot be supported. It would be worthwhile for Tekman to conduct a follow-up study with a larger number of participants and music excerpts from other styles of music in addition to art music ("classical" music). PMID:9923170

LeBlanc, A

1998-12-01

163

NOTE: A preliminary study for non-invasive quantification of manganese in human hand bones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese (Mn) is a nutrient essential for regulating neurological and skeletal functions in the human body, but it is also toxic when humans are excessively exposed to Mn. Blood (or serum/plasma) and other body fluids reflect only the most recent exposure and rapidly return to within normal ranges, even when there has been a temporary excursion in response to exposure. In this context, we have been developing a non-invasive measurement of Mn stored in bone, using in vivo neutron activation analysis. Following feasibility studies, a first pilot study, using neutron activation analysis to measure Mn in the bones of the hand of ten healthy male human subjects, was conducted with the approval of the concerned research ethics boards. The participants of this study had no known history of exposure to Mn. Two volunteers were excluded from this study due to technical problems with their measurements. The inverse variance weighted mean value of Mn/Ca for the participants of this study is 0.12 ± 0.68 µg Mn/g Ca which is comparable within uncertainties with the estimated range of 0.16 0.78 µg Mn/g Ca and mean value of 0.63 ± 0.30 µg Mn/g Ca derived from cadaver data. It is recommended to investigate the use of the diagnostic technique for in vivo measurements of workers exposed occupationally to excessive amounts of Mn who could develop many-fold increased levels of Mn in bones as demonstrated through various animal studies. The technique needs further development to improve the precision of in vivo measurements in the non-exposed population.

Aslam; Pejovi?-Mili?, A.; Chettle, D. R.; McNeill, F. E.; Pysklywec, M. W.; Oudyk, J.

2008-10-01

164

Perceptions of short-term medical volunteer work: a qualitative study in Guatemala  

PubMed Central

Background Each year medical providers from wealthy countries participate in short-term medical volunteer work in resource-poor countries. Various authors have raised concern that such work has the potential to be harmful to recipient communities; however, the social science and medical literature contains little research into the perceptions of short-term medical volunteer work from the perspective of members of recipient communities. This exploratory study examines the perception of short-term medical volunteer work in Guatemala among groups of actors affected by or participating in these programs. Methods The researchers conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 72 individuals, including Guatemalan healthcare providers and health authorities, foreign medical providers, non-medical personnel working on health projects, and Guatemalan parents of children treated by a short-term volunteer group. Detailed notes and summaries of these interviews were uploaded, coded and annotated using Atlas.ti (Scientific Software Development GmbH, Berlin) to identify recurrent themes from the interviews. Results Informants commonly identified a need for increased access to medical services in Guatemala, and many believed that short-term medical volunteers are in a position to offer improved access to medical care in the communities where they serve. Informants most frequently cited appropriate patient selection and attention to payment systems as the best means to avoid creating dependence on foreign aid. The most frequent suggestion to improve short-term medical volunteer work was coordination with and respect for local Guatemalan healthcare providers and their communities, as insufficient understanding of the country's existing healthcare resources and needs may result in perceived harm to the recipient community. Conclusion The perceived impact of short-term medical volunteer projects in Guatemala is highly variable and dependent upon the individual project. In this exploratory study, project characteristics were identified that are consistently perceived to be either positive or negative. These findings have direct implications for anyone involved in the planning and execution of short-term medical volunteer projects, including local and foreign medical team members, project planners and coordinators, and health authorities. Most importantly, this preliminary study suggests avenues for future study and evaluation of the impact of short-term medical volunteer programs on local health care services. PMID:19245698

Green, Tyler; Green, Heidi; Scandlyn, Jean; Kestler, Andrew

2009-01-01

165

Technical note: a study of Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study empirically tested Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership theory (SLT) among 151 senior executives within service and manufacturing businesses of a large Fortune 100 company. SLT focuses on the interaction of the leader’s behaviour and follower readiness to determine leader effectiveness. SLT suggests that the appropriate level of task and relationship behaviour is the one that “matches” the level

Thomas D. Cairns; John Hollenback; Robert C. Preziosi; William A. Snow

1998-01-01

166

Note-Taking Functions and Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Note-taking functions (encoding, encoding plus storage, and storage) and note-taking techniques (conventional, linear, and matrix) were studied for 96 college undergraduates. Results are explained in relation to repetition, generative processing, note completeness, and the potential of note-taking techniques to facilitate performance. (SLD)

Kiewra, Kenneth A.; And Others

1991-01-01

167

Online Class Size, Note Reading, Note Writing and Collaborative Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have long recognized class size as affecting students' performance in face-to-face contexts. However, few studies have examined the effects of class size on exact reading and writing loads in online graduate-level courses. This mixed-methods study examined relationships among class size, note reading, note writing, and collaborative…

Qiu, Mingzhu; Hewitt, Jim; Brett, Clare

2012-01-01

168

76 FR 5787 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental...Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal...22042. 3. The Work Colleges Program The Work Colleges...Room 62E3, ATTN: Work Colleges Coordinator, Washington...Program, Federal Work-Study Program, and...

2011-02-02

169

Revised 01/2011 Author's Note: This is a work in progress and any further information that readers may have would be appreciated. cjmurphy@ptd.net  

E-print Network

may have would be appreciated. cjmurphy@ptd.net Charles Lathrop Parsons Mr ACS 012011.docx 1 Charles: This is a work in progress and any further information that readers may have would be appreciated. cjmurphy@ptd be appreciated. cjmurphy@ptd.net Charles Lathrop Parsons Mr ACS 012011.docx 3 On December 29, 1887, while

Pringle, James "Jamie"

170

On the interpretation of synchronization in EEG hyperscanning studies: a cautionary note  

PubMed Central

EEG Hyperscanning is a method for studying two or more individuals simultaneously with the objective of elucidating how co-variations in their neural activity (i.e., hyperconnectivity) are influenced by their behavioral and social interactions. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of different hyper-connectivity measures using (i) simulated data, where the degree of coupling could be systematically manipulated, and (ii) individually recorded human EEG combined into pseudo-pairs of participants where no hyper-connections could exist. With simulated data we found that each of the most widely used measures of hyperconnectivity were biased and detected hyper-connections where none existed. With pseudo-pairs of human data we found spurious hyper-connections that arose because there were genuine similarities between the EEG recorded from different people independently but under the same experimental conditions. Specifically, there were systematic differences between experimental conditions in terms of the rhythmicity of the EEG that were common across participants. As any imbalance between experimental conditions in terms of stimulus presentation or movement may affect the rhythmicity of the EEG, this problem could apply in many hyperscanning contexts. Furthermore, as these spurious hyper-connections reflected real similarities between the EEGs, they were not Type-1 errors that could be overcome by some appropriate statistical control. However, some measures that have not previously been used in hyperconnectivity studies, notably the circular correlation co-efficient (CCorr), were less susceptible to detecting spurious hyper-connections of this type. The reason for this advantage in performance is discussed and the use of the CCorr as an alternative measure of hyperconnectivity is advocated. PMID:24399948

Burgess, Adrian P.

2013-01-01

171

Note on the applicability of the James-Stein estimator in regional hydrologic studies.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

By means of computer simulation studies the James-Stein estimator, subject to the Lindley modification and adoption of the positive part rule suggested by Efron and Morris and conditioned on the assumption of independence, was shown to be robust in the case of the hydrologically plausible distribution considered here, namely, Weibull distributions with coefficient of skewness ranging from 0 to 10. However, in contrast to traditional methods of regionalization the effect of cross correlation is a diminishment of the relative risk advantage of the James-Stein estimator, even in the best case of normal variables: this is discussed and illustrated. -from Authors

Landwehr, J.M.; Matalas, N.C.; Wallis, J.R.

1984-01-01

172

Social Strategies during University Studies Predict Early Career Work Burnout and Engagement: 18-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study spanning 18 years examined the role of social strategies in early career adaptation. The aim was to find out whether individuals' social strategies measured during their university studies had an impact on work burnout and work engagement measured 10-18 years later. A sample of 292 university students completed the SAQ…

Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2011-01-01

173

Work Status and Work Performance of People With DisabilitiesAn Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the U.S. economy is thrust into the global economy and meets global economic competition, the country needs to mobilize people with disabilities to participate in the labor force and enable them to work and earn money optimally. Therefore, it is important to investigate the extent to which disability affects the employment rate and the levels of hourly wages and

Martha N. Ozawa; Yeong Hun Yeo

2006-01-01

174

The violence of heteronormativity in communication studies: notes on injury, healing, and queer world-making.  

PubMed

Heteronormativity is everywhere. It is always already present in our individual and collective psyches, social institutions, cultural practices, and knowledge systems. In this essay, I provide some sketches for a critical analysis of heteronormativity in the communication discipline. More specifically, I examine the symbolic, discursive, psychological, and material violence of heteronormativity, and begin exploring ways to heal, grow, transform, and contemplate new possibilities in our social world. To accomplish this, this essay is divided into live sections. First, I discuss the study of sexuality in Communication. Next, through the notion of injury, I focus on the violence of heteronormativity. Third, using the concept of healing, I discuss ways of unpacking heteronormativity through a critique of hegemonic heterosexuality. Further, I offer potential ways for queer world-making through the lens of queer theory. I conclude by exploring the need for more sexuality research in the discipline by engaging the productive tensions between constructive and deconstructive impulses. PMID:14651173

Yep, Gust A

2003-01-01

175

Assessment of a Manipulator Device for NOTES With Basic Surgical Skill Tests: A Bench Study.  

PubMed

Advanced complex surgery performed with the natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery technique requires use of a multitasking platform. The aim of this study is to evaluate the basic functionality of a prototype multitasking platform "EndoSAMURAI" with the use of a biosimulation model and ex vivo porcine stomach. We compared the performance of basic surgical skill tasks between the EndoSAMURAI and standard laparoscopic instrumentation. Basic surgical tasks include cutting, dissection, and suturing and knot tying. Main outcome measurements were the time to complete each task and leak pressure to evaluate the quality of the suturing and knot tying. Although it took longer to perform all basic surgical tasks with the EndoSAMURAI than with laparoscopic instrumentation, all tasks could be performed precisely and with an accuracy comparable to that of the laparoscopic technique. Leak pressures of the gastric closure site between both techniques were also comparable. PMID:24710223

Yasuda, Kazuhiro; Kitano, Seigo; Ikeda, Keiichi; Sumiyama, Kazuki; Tajiri, Hisao

2014-10-01

176

Note: Tesla based pulse generator for electrical breakdown study of liquid dielectrics.  

PubMed

In the process of studying charge holding capability and delay time for breakdown in liquids under nanosecond (ns) time scales, a Tesla based pulse generator has been developed. Pulse generator is a combination of Tesla transformer, pulse forming line, a fast closing switch, and test chamber. Use of Tesla transformer over conventional Marx generators makes the pulse generator very compact, cost effective, and requires less maintenance. The system has been designed and developed to deliver maximum output voltage of 300 kV and rise time of the order of tens of nanoseconds. The paper deals with the system design parameters, breakdown test procedure, and various experimental results. To validate the pulse generator performance, experimental results have been compared with PSPICE simulation software and are in good agreement with simulation results. PMID:24387484

Veda Prakash, G; Kumar, R; Patel, J; Saurabh, K; Shyam, A

2013-12-01

177

Note: Tesla based pulse generator for electrical breakdown study of liquid dielectrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the process of studying charge holding capability and delay time for breakdown in liquids under nanosecond (ns) time scales, a Tesla based pulse generator has been developed. Pulse generator is a combination of Tesla transformer, pulse forming line, a fast closing switch, and test chamber. Use of Tesla transformer over conventional Marx generators makes the pulse generator very compact, cost effective, and requires less maintenance. The system has been designed and developed to deliver maximum output voltage of 300 kV and rise time of the order of tens of nanoseconds. The paper deals with the system design parameters, breakdown test procedure, and various experimental results. To validate the pulse generator performance, experimental results have been compared with PSPICE simulation software and are in good agreement with simulation results.

Veda Prakash, G.; Kumar, R.; Patel, J.; Saurabh, K.; Shyam, A.

2013-12-01

178

Work-aged stroke survivors' psychosocial challenges narrated during and after participating in a dialogue-based psychosocial intervention: a feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Background Studies point to the lack of psychosocial support and rehabilitation services that are adjusted to the work-aged stroke survivors’ specific needs in order to promote psychosocial well-being. The aim of the study was to illuminate the psychosocial challenges work-aged participants (i.e. aged 18–67 years) thematised during and after participating a dialogue-based psychosocial intervention during the first year following a stroke. Methods The study was a feasibility study guided by the UK Medical Research Council Framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions. Qualitative data from in-depth interviews with fourteen stroke-survivors aged 33–66 years, researcher field notes and log notes written during the intervention were analysed applying a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach. Results The stroke and its consequences had a substantial impact on family and work life. Their experiences were summarised in the two themes The threat of becoming marginalised in family life and The threat of becoming marginalised in work life. Conclusion Life as a work-aged stroke survivor was experienced as challenging and created a threat of becoming marginalised in family and work life. The study highlights the need to understand the specific psychosocial challenges and needs facing work-aged stroke survivors’ in order to promote their psychosocial well-being. More research is needed concerning specific life-span challenges amongst work-aged stroke survivors in order to further develop appropriate interventions that helps address this issue. PMID:24066840

2013-01-01

179

Social Work/Ethnic Studies Joint Faculty Position The University of Utah Ethnic Studies Program and the College of Social Work invite applications for a  

E-print Network

Social Work/Ethnic Studies Joint Faculty Position The University of Utah Ethnic Studies Program and the College of Social Work invite applications for a fulltime (ongoing 9-month contract) tenure-track position in the Ethnic Studies Program and the College of Social Work. Ethnic Studies is an interdisciplinary

Simons, Jack

180

A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Working Memory in Youth after Sports-Related Concussion: Is It Still Working?  

PubMed Central

Abstract In children, the importance of detecting deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion has grown with the increasing popularity of leisure physical activities and contact sports. Whereas most postconcussive symptoms (PCS) are similar for children and adults, the breadth of consequences to children remains largely unknown. To investigate the effect of mTBI on brain function, we compared working memory performance and related brain activity using blood-oxygen-level–dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 15 concussed youths and 15 healthy age-matched control subjects. Neuropsychological tests, self-perceived PCS, and levels of anxiety and depression were also assessed. Our results showed that, behaviorally, concussed youths had significantly worse performances on the working memory tasks, as well as on the Rey figure delayed recall and verbal fluency. fMRI results revealed that, compared to healthy children, concussed youths had significantly reduced task-related activity in bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, left premotor cortex, supplementary motor area, and left superior parietal lobule during performance of verbal and nonverbal working memory tasks. Additionally, concussed youths also showed less activation than healthy controls in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, left thalamus, and left caudate nucleus during the nonverbal task. Regression analysis indicated that BOLD signal changes in bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex were significantly correlated with performance such that greater activities in these regions, relative to the control condition, were associated with greater accuracy. Our findings confirmed functional alterations in brain activity after concussion in youths, a result similar to that observed in adults. However, significant differences were noted. In particular, the observation of reduced working memory accuracy suggests that youths may be unable to engage compensatory strategies to maintain cognitive performance after mTBI. This has significant implications for safe return to daily activities, including competitive sport. PMID:24070614

Singh Saluja, Rajeet; Chen, Jen-Kai; Gagnon, Isabelle; Leonard, Gabriel; Petrides, Michael; Ptito, Alain

2014-01-01

181

A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of working memory in youth after sports-related concussion: is it still working?  

PubMed

Abstract In children, the importance of detecting deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion has grown with the increasing popularity of leisure physical activities and contact sports. Whereas most postconcussive symptoms (PCS) are similar for children and adults, the breadth of consequences to children remains largely unknown. To investigate the effect of mTBI on brain function, we compared working memory performance and related brain activity using blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 15 concussed youths and 15 healthy age-matched control subjects. Neuropsychological tests, self-perceived PCS, and levels of anxiety and depression were also assessed. Our results showed that, behaviorally, concussed youths had significantly worse performances on the working memory tasks, as well as on the Rey figure delayed recall and verbal fluency. fMRI results revealed that, compared to healthy children, concussed youths had significantly reduced task-related activity in bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, left premotor cortex, supplementary motor area, and left superior parietal lobule during performance of verbal and nonverbal working memory tasks. Additionally, concussed youths also showed less activation than healthy controls in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, left thalamus, and left caudate nucleus during the nonverbal task. Regression analysis indicated that BOLD signal changes in bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex were significantly correlated with performance such that greater activities in these regions, relative to the control condition, were associated with greater accuracy. Our findings confirmed functional alterations in brain activity after concussion in youths, a result similar to that observed in adults. However, significant differences were noted. In particular, the observation of reduced working memory accuracy suggests that youths may be unable to engage compensatory strategies to maintain cognitive performance after mTBI. This has significant implications for safe return to daily activities, including competitive sport. PMID:24070614

Keightley, Michelle L; Saluja, Rajeet Singh; Chen, Jen-Kai; Gagnon, Isabelle; Leonard, Gabriel; Petrides, Michael; Ptito, Alain

2014-03-01

182

Technical notes: A detailed study for the provision of measurement uncertainty and traceability for goniospectrometers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The measurement uncertainty and traceability of the Finnish Geodetic Institutess field gonio-spectro-polarimeter FIGIFIGO have been assessed. First, the reference standard (Spectralon sample) was measured at the National Standard Laboratory of MIKES-Aalto. This standard was transferred to FGIs field reference standard (larger Spectralon sample), and from that to the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), reference standards (1 m2 plates). The reflectance measurement uncertainty of FIGIFIGO has been estimated to be 0.01 in ideal laboratory conditions, but about 0.02-0.05 in typical field conditions, larger at larger solar or observation zenith angles. Target specific uncertainties can increase total uncertainty even to 0.1-0.2. The angular reading uncertainty is between 1° and 3°, depending on user selection, and the polarisation uncertainty is around 0.01. For UAV, the transferred reflectance uncertainty is about 0.05-0.1, depending on, how ideal the measurement conditions are. The design concept of FIGIFIGO has been proved to have a number of advantages, such as a well-adopted user-friendly interface, a high level of automation and excellent suitability for the field measurements. It is a perfect instrument for collection of reference data on a given target in natural (and well-recorded) conditions. In addition to the strong points of FIGIFIGO, the current study reveals several issues that need further attention, such as the field of view, illumination quality, polarisation calibration, Spectralon reflectance and polarisation properties in the 1000-2400 nm range.

Peltoniemi, Jouni I.; Hakala, Teemu; Suomalainen, Juha; Honkavaara, Eija; Markelin, Lauri; Gritsevich, Maria; Eskelinen, Juho; Jaanson, Priit; Ikonen, Erkki

2014-10-01

183

NOTE: Scattered dose to thyroid from prophylactic cranial irradiation during childhood: a Monte Carlo study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to estimate the scattered dose to thyroid from prophylactic cranial irradiation during childhood. The MCNP transport code and mathematical phantoms representing the average individual at ages 3, 5, 10, 15 and 18 years old were employed to simulate cranial radiotherapy using two lateral opposed fields. The mean radiation dose received by the thyroid gland was calculated. A 10 cm thick lead block placed on the patient's couch to shield the thyroid was simulated by MCNP code. The Monte Carlo model was validated by measuring the scattered dose to the unshielded and shielded thyroid using three different humanoid phantoms and thermoluminescense dosimetry. For a cranial dose of 18 Gy, the thyroid dose obtained by Monte Carlo calculations varied from 47 to 79 cGy depending upon the age of the child. Appropriate placement of the couch block resulted in a thyroid dose reduction by 39 to 54%. Thyroid dose values at all possible positions of the radiosensitive gland with respect to the inferior field edge at five different patient ages were found. The mean difference between Monte Carlo results and thyroid dose measurements was 9.6%.

Mazonakis, Michalis; Tzedakis, Antonis; Damilakis, John; Varveris, Haris; Kachris, Stefanos; Gourtsoyiannis, Nicholas

2006-04-01

184

Blood cell origin of circulating microRNAs: a cautionary note for cancer biomarker studies  

PubMed Central

Circulating, cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) hold great promise as a new class of cancer biomarkers due to their surprisingly high stability in plasma, association with disease states, and ease of sensitive measurement. Yet little is known about the origin of circulating miRNAs in either healthy or sick people, or what factors influence levels of circulating miRNA biomarkers. Of 79 solid tumor circulating miRNA biomarkers reported in the literature, we found that fifty-eight percent (47/79) are highly expressed in one or more blood cell type. Plasma levels of miRNA biomarkers expressed by myeloid (e.g., miR-223, miR-197, miR-574-3p, let-7a) and lymphoid (e.g., miR-150) blood cells tightly correlated with corresponding white blood cell counts. Plasma miRNA biomarkers expressed by red blood cells (e.g., miR-486-5p, miR-451, miR-92a, miR-16) could not be correlated to red cell counts due to limited variation in hematocrit in the cohort studied, but were significantly increased in hemolyzed specimens (20-30 fold plasma increase; p<0.0000001). Finally, in a patient undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation, plasma levels of myeloid- and lymphoid-expressed miRNAs (miR-223 and miR-150, respectively) tracked closely with changes in corresponding blood counts. We present evidence that blood cells are a major contributor to circulating miRNA, and that perturbations in blood cell counts and hemolysis can alter plasma miRNA biomarker levels by up to 50-fold. Given that a majority of reported circulating miRNA cancer biomarkers are highly expressed in blood cells, we suggest caution in interpretation of such results as they may reflect a blood cell-based phenomenon rather than a cancer-specific origin. PMID:22158052

Wood, Brent; Arroyo, Jason D.; Dougherty, Katy J.; Miyaji, Melanie M.; Tait, Jonathan F.; Tewari, Muneesh

2014-01-01

185

78 FR 18629 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Work-Study...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request; Work-Study Program of the Child Labor Regulations ACTION: Notice...Work-Study Program of the Child Labor Regulations,'' to the Office...Work-Study Program (WSP) of the Child Labor Regulations. This program...

2013-03-27

186

Note on numerical study of the beam energy spread in NDCX-I  

SciTech Connect

The kinetic energy spread (defined here as the standard deviation of the beam particle energies) sets the ultimate theoretical limit on the longitudinal compression that can be attained on NDCX-I and NDCX-II. Experimental measurements will inevitably include the real influences on the longitudinal phase space of the beam due to injector and accelerator field imperfections1. These induced energy variations may be the real limit to the longitudinal compression in an accelerator. We report on a numerical investigation of the energy spread evolution in NDCX-I; these studies do not include all the real imperfections, but rather are intended to confirm that there are no other intrinsic mechanisms (translaminar effects, transverse-longitudinal anisotropy instability, etc.) for significant broadening of the energy distribution. We have performed Warp simulations that use a realistic Marx voltage waveform which was derived from experimental measurements (averaged over several shots), a fully-featured model of the accelerating and focusing lattice, and new diagnostics for computing the local energy spread (and temperature) that properly account for linear correlations that arise from the discrete binning along each physical dimension (these capabilities reproduce and extend those of the earlier HIF code BPIC). The new diagnostics allow for the calculation of multi-dimensional maps of energy spread and temperature in 2-D axisymmetric or 3-D Cartesian space at selected times. The simulated beam-line was terminated at z = 3 m by a conducting plate, so as to approximately reproduce the experimental conditions at the entrance of the spectrometer that was used for mapping the longitudinal phase space. Snapshots of the beam projection and current, as well as the Marx waveform and history of beam kinetic energy collected at the end plate, are shown in Fig. 1. A two-dimensional axisymmetric map of energy spread from simulations of a typical NDCX-I configuration is shown in Fig. 2 (a). The energy spread starts at 0.1 eV at the source and rapidly rises to a few eV, then fluctuates between a fraction of an eV and tens of eV, ending near the exit in a range of a few eV at the outer edge of the beam to a few tens of eV near the axis. The higher value on-axis is associated with greater numerical noise there, due to the axisymmetric geometry of the calculation, resulting in poorer simulation-particle statistics at small radius. A scatter plot of the macroparticles kinetic energy (KE) versus radius (R) and longitudinal position (0.28 m < z < 3 m) colored by local energy spread is shown in Fig. 2 (b). As expected, there is a correlation of the kinetic energy with radius that is clearly visible at z = 2.8 m and vanishes at the metal plate at z = 3 m. More snapshots from simulations varying the time step, grid resolution and number of macroparticles are given in Appendix II. The macro-particles were collected at the exit plate and their kinetic energy history is plotted in Fig. 3 (left) and contrasted to an experimental measurement using a streak camera shown in Fig. 3. For some types of measurements, averaging over several pulses to improve signal-to-noise will contribute an additional spread that may not be present on any single beam pulse. The upper bound for the energy spread is in the range of a few 100 eV for the experiment while in the range of a few eV for the reported Warp simulations. The Marx voltage exhibits variations in the range of up to several hundreds of volts, playing a significant role in the experimentally measured energy spread, which may account for the difference between the experimental and the simulated bounds.

Vay, J.-L.; Seidl, P.A.; Friedman, A.

2011-01-19

187

Nuer Field Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The complicated process of creating meaningful field notes is a problem that vexes many scholars who rely on these important primary documents, including anthropologists, geographers, and sociologists. Currently, there aren't many websites that feature digital archives of fieldnotes, but this joint project undertaken by Indiana University and the University of Michigan is one step in the right direction. The essential goal of the project is to make the linguistic field notes recorded by Eleanor Vandevort (a missionary and researcher) in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963 available on the web. The digital archive succeeds mightily, as it includes the linguistic field notes, and also photographs from her work there, various letters from the field, and a biographical sketch of her work there in the South Sudan. Along with these materials, visitors can read Vandevort's book about her time in Africa, titled _A Leopard Tamed_ and some fine essays on the history of colonial and missionary linguistics in the Sudan by Edward Miner.

188

Part-time work and the career and life choices of the men from the work-sharing couples study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article outlines the longitudinal consequences for men who participated in the work-sharing couples study which was a Norwegian, experimental research project in the early 1970s. The aim of the original project was to promote gender equality and a better work\\/life balance in families; the design involved both spouses working part-time and sharing childcare and housework. This paper

Margunn Bjørnholt

2010-01-01

189

Molecular Ecology Notes (2001)1,126-127 PRIMER NOTE  

E-print Network

Molecular Ecology Notes (2001)1,126-127 PRIMER NOTE Identification of polymorphic microsatellite model pH 8.0, 10 mM EDTA, Proteinase K 100 ~g/mL) for 1- systems for studies of intracolony geneticCentre for Ecological Sciences,Indian Institute of Science,Bangalore 560 012, India. Abstract Diacamma ceylonenseis

Gadagkar, Raghavendra

190

Editorial Note  

E-print Network

. As the two disciplines most concerned with the totality of human culture and society. sociology and anthropology can provide unique insight into the issues of poverty. change and development- the major processes Nepal is trying to grapPle with... of Nepalese sociolo~y and anthropology. Similarly. the inclusion of sociological and J anthropological work by institutions like the Royal Nepal Academy in their regular activities would be highly fruitful in this regard. The attempt to make the publication...

The Editorial Board

1993-01-01

191

Finders/keepers: A longitudinal study of people managing information scraps in a micro-note tool  

E-print Network

Mainstream PIM tools capture only a portion of the information that people need to manage. Many information scraps seem to exist that don't make their way into these tools, instead being relegated to sticky notes, text ...

Van Kleek, Max G.

192

Environmental Studies - Class Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of four units (chapters) focusing on evolution (chapter I), civilization of man (chapter II), ecological concepts (chapter III), and limnological concepts (Chapter IV). Each chapter contains "text material" on the topic indicated. In addition: (1) a list of key vocabulary words, questions, reading list, and questions related…

Canipe, Stephen L.

193

Integrating Task and Work Domain-Based Work Analyses in Ecological Interface Design: A Process Control Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a case study wherein several work analysis methods were incorporated in the design of a graphical interface for a petrochemical production process. We follow this case from the application of the work analysis methods, through the consolidation of information requirements, to the design of a novel interface that integrates the requirements. The findings confirm earlier

Greg A. Jamieson; Christopher A. Miller; Wayne H. Ho; Kim J. Vicente

2007-01-01

194

A Study on the Employee's Work Situation and Work Tiredness for Sports and Recreational Business in the Middle of Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the employee's work situation and work tiredness in the sports and recreational business. Convenience sampling was used among 250 employees from sports and recreational industry in the middle of Taiwan and collected data was analyzed by factor analysis, correlation analysis and

Lin Yuan-Ming

195

Breaking the Myth of Flexible Work: Contingent Work in Toronto. A Study Conducted by the Contingent Workers Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 205 people, 4 group interviews with approximately 30 people, and 6 design and analysis meetings involving approximately 40 people were conducted in a 1999 participatory study of contingent workers in Toronto. (Contingent work was defined to be lower-waged forms of non-permanent work arrangements that include contracting, employment…

de Wolff, Alice

196

What Is Not Working in Working Memory of Children with Literacy Disorders? Evidence from a Three-Year-Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this study were to explore the deficits in working memory associated with literacy disorders (i.e. developmental disorders of reading and/or spelling) and the developmental trajectories of these working memory deficits. The performance of 28 children with literacy disorders was compared to a non-disabled control group with the same…

Fischbach, Anne; Könen, Tanja; Rietz, Chantal S.; Hasselhorn, Marcus

2014-01-01

197

Theodoricus Gravius (fl. 1600-1661): some biographical notes on a German chymist and scribe working in seventeenth-century England.  

PubMed

This article establishes the career of Theodoricus Gravius (fl. 1600-1661), a German refugee who worked in Great Linford as a laboratory assistant and scribe to the cleric and practitioner of astrological medicine, Richard Napier (1559-1634). Gravius was the first transmitter to England of the texts of the mystic Jacob Böhme, and although he settled in England, he undertook subsequent foreign visits to attempt the recovery of his property and to learn more about chymical matters. He also visited the Oxonian George Hakewill (1578-1649), and is responsible for scribing one of the manuscripts of the revisions to Hakewill's celebrated Apologie or Declaration Concerning the Power and Providence of God (1635). PMID:20506704

Poole, William

2009-11-01

198

75 FR 12217 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental...Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal...22042. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The...Room 62E3, Attn: Work Colleges Coordinator, Washington...Program, Federal Work-Study Program, and...

2010-03-15

199

77 FR 4547 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental...Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal...22042-4548. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The...Room 62E3, ATTN: Work Colleges Coordinator, Washington...Program, Federal Work-Study Program, and...

2012-01-30

200

38 CFR 21.4145 - Work-study allowance.  

...veteran, reservist, or eligible person of transportation to the place where his or her services are to be performed; (3) Motivation of the veteran, reservist, or eligible person; and (4) Compatibility of the work assignment to the veteran's,...

2014-07-01

201

Policing, gender, and working time: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part?time work has been identified as a key mechanism to retain women in policing. However, its uptake remains low and part?time police officers are often marginalised. The paper draws on collaborative research with Victoria Police and a discrimination complaint pursued by a Victoria Police detective who wanted to work part?time. While she was ultimately successful, her case and the organisational

Sara Charlesworth; Debra Robertson

2011-01-01

202

Policing, gender, and working time: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part?time work has been identified as a key mechanism to retain women in policing. However, its uptake remains low and part?time police officers are often marginalised. The paper draws on collaborative research with Victoria Police and a discrimination complaint pursued by a Victoria Police detective who wanted to work part?time. While she was ultimately successful, her case and the organisational

Sara Charlesworth; Debra Robertson

2012-01-01

203

Project Work Plan Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform Attenuation Parameter Studies: Heterogeneous Hydrolytic Reactions  

SciTech Connect

Between 1955 and 1973, an estimated 750,000 kg of carbon tetrachloride were discharged to the soil in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site as part of the plutonium production process. Of this amount, some carbon tetrachloride reached the groundwater more than 70 m below the ground surface and formed a plume of 10 km2. Recent information has shown that the carbon tetrachloride plume extends to a depth of at least 60 m below the water table. Some carbon tetrachloride has been degraded either by the original process or subsequent transformations in the subsurface to form a co-existing chloroform plume. Although current characterization efforts are improving the conceptual model of the source area, more information is needed to effectively assess the fate and transport of carbon tetrachloride and chloroform to support upcoming remediation decisions for the plume. As noted in a simulation study by Truex et al. (2001), parameters describing porosity, sorption, and abiotic degradation have the largest influence on predicted plume behavior. The work proposed herein will improve the ability to predict future plume movement by better quantifying abiotic degradation mechanisms and rates. This effort will help define how much active remediation may be needed and estimate where the plume will eventually stabilize – key factors in determining the most appropriate remedy for the plume.

Amonette, James E.; Truex, Michael J.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.

2006-06-01

204

Editor's note  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hartung's article, Harris's reply, and the two subsequent replies by each author represent an experiment for the Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets. The subject area is controversial, and rapid convergence cannot be expected. Already, 13 months have been consumed in the review and rebuttal cycle. Rather than to continue working toward convergence, and having each reply refereed, I have chosen to publish the last two disagreements for the readers. This will not become a usual mode for publication in this journal, but I solicit readers' comments about the potential utility of this mode in some similar cases. In this instance, Hartung's original paper received one favorable review; the other review was converted into Harris's formal reply, which itself was reviewed.

1993-05-01

205

Note biografiche  

E-print Network

and literature, ideologies of race and gender in lyricgender studies, theories of space, and contemporary Italian literature andgender issues in 19th-century and 20th Carte Italiane, Vol. 5 (2009) 225 century literature and

2009-01-01

206

Note Biografiche  

E-print Network

contemporary Italian history, politics, and culture; themodern Italian theatre to the literary culture of realism.Italian Studies at McGill University, Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures.

2014-01-01

207

Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes 20 teaching activities and experiments appropriate for use with various secondary school science classes. Instructional activities include the study of catalase, raising bees, a game about equilibrium, spectrometers, lead iodide, resonance, graphing, and electromagnetic waves. (TW)

School Science Review, 1987

1987-01-01

208

Apparatus Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a technique to produce samples for x-ray diffraction studies on the Tel-X-Ometer 80 x-ray apparatus from readily available crystalline powders and discusses observations of transverse modes of an optical resonator. (SK)

Eaton, Bruce G., Ed.

1982-01-01

209

Shoulder disorders in female working-age population: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are among the most common pathologies in the general population. However, research into the prevalence of upper arm MSDs is hampered by a lack of uniformity in case definition, and by the absence of a gold standard for measurement. Furthermore, some sectors of the population have benefited from extensive research whilst others have largely been ignored. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Objectives: to investigate the prevalence of shoulder MSDs in a working age female population not exposed to specific occupational risk factors such as heavy and/or repetitive work, assessing the differences in prevalence recorded by using three different standard measurement tools. Methods 302 working aged women were enrolled in this study (age 20–55 years). Each subject underwent three different assessments: standardized questionnaires for symptoms and disability and the SF36 health survey, a clinical assessment performed by a blinded orthopaedic specialist, and an imaging assessment by means of ultrasound (US) and Magnetic Resonance (MR) if indicated. Results According to the questionnaire 77 subjects (25.5%) complained of shoulder pain whilst 225 (74.5%) were asymptomatic. According to the clinical examination, 31 subjects (10.3%) resulted positive, whereas 271 subjects (89.7%) had normal shoulders. According to the imaging findings, 26 subjects (8.6%) had alterations to the anatomical structures of the shoulder, whilst 276 subjects (91.4%) had no detectable abnormalities in either shoulder. In all assessments, the prevalence increased with age (p?=?0.001). Conclusion Depending on the outcome measure used, the prevalence of reported MSDs of the shoulder varies considerably. There is a striking difference between the prevalence of subjective reported symptoms and the standardized clinical/imaging examinations. However, the results of all the assessments did concur in one aspect; there was a significant trend of increased prevalence of shoulder MSDs with age. When looking at reported prevalence, this study shows the importance of noting the measurement method used before making comparisons, as it can vary considerably. The epidemic of shoulder pain reported is not indicative of an epidemic of shoulder pathology. PMID:24708552

2014-01-01

210

Voice Assessment of Student Work: Recent Studies and Emerging Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although relatively little attention has been given to the voice assessment of student work, at least when compared with more traditional forms of text-based review, the attention it has received strongly points to a promising form of review that has been hampered by the limits of an emerging technology. A fresh review of voice assessment in light…

Eckhouse, Barry; Carroll, Rebecca

2013-01-01

211

Music Training and Working Memory: An ERP Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While previous research has suggested that music training is associated with improvements in various cognitive and linguistic skills, the mechanisms mediating or underlying these associations are mostly unknown. Here, we addressed the hypothesis that previous music training is related to improved working memory. Using event-related potentials…

George, Elyse M.; Coch, Donna

2011-01-01

212

Making Home Work: A Qualitative Study of Homeworking  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 , examined the experience of home and family life for a cross-section of homeworkers in the North of England, Wales and nationally. It explored the ways in which working from home shapes the conceptualisations, experiences and uses of home and family life for homeworkers. It sought to explore the existence of supports, inequalities and tensions in the homeworking experience

Jeanne Moore

213

Designing Classrooms That Work: Conception and Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1990s, school programs that more explicitly link school and work have been expanded. In order to realize the curricular and pedagogical reforms that underlie these programs, teachers need appropriate staff development. In 1996, RAND staff designed and pilot-tested a 6-week "mini-sabbatical," a prototype course to help teachers in a…

Stasz, Cathleen

214

The Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory: A Validity Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory (SWAI) developed by J. F. Efstation, M. J. Patton, and C. M. Kardash (1990) was further evaluated for its psychometric properties and relationships with the Personal Reactions Scale--Revised (PRS-R) developed by E. L. Holloway and B. E. Wampold (1984), the only other measure of the relationship in…

Patton, M. J.; And Others

215

Black Teenage Unemployment and Work Orientations: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low-income Black teenagers were found to hold unrealistic views of the work world. Middle-income Black teenagers were found to understand it well but to be limited in their access to employment by factors such as economic status and lack of assistance by the educational system and other public agencies. (CMG)

Lede, Naomi W.

1984-01-01

216

Chemistry Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included is information regarding: sucrose dehydration by sulphuric acid; an example of school-industry link in studying zinc oxide production; viscous flow in inorganic silicate glass; construction of a peristaltic pump; electrolysis; carbon dioxide preparation; electrophoresis; safety in using hydrogen and sulphuric acid; and approaches to…

School Science Review, 1979

1979-01-01

217

Chemistry Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes: (1) a microcomputer demonstration of autocatalysis; (2) a safe alternative to ethanol and methanol; (3) a simple condenser for test-tube reactions; (4) a new procedure for studying the magnetic properties of transition metal compounds; (5) plasticization of the polymer PVC; and (6) some thoughts on polybasic acids and their salts. (JN)

School Science Review, 1984

1984-01-01

218

Extension Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western larch (Larix occidentalis Nutt.) commonly grows in mixed stands, and is a relatively important tree species in the Nelson Forest Region. Researchers at the University of British Columbia undertook a larch productivity study, which included collecting data from ??? stem analysis plots. Of these, ?? plots were suitable for developing growth intercept models. The data were ana- lyzed using

Gordon D. Nigh; David Brisco; David New

219

Book notes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policing Africa: Internal Security and the Limits of Liberalization(2000), by Alice Hills, Lynne Reinner.Conflict and Growth in Africa,Volume 1: The Sahel,Volume 2: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda,Volume 3: Southern Africa(1999), by Jean Paul Azam et al., Development Centre Studies, OECD, Paris.An Introduction to African Politics(2000), by Alex Thomson, Routledge.Identity Transformation and Identity Politics under Structural Adjustment in Nigeria(2000), by Attahiru Jega

Roy Love; Ray Bush; Morris Szeftel

2000-01-01

220

Notes on Contributers  

E-print Network

. She is author of Captive Selves, Captivating Others: The Politics and Poetics of Colonial American Captivity Narratives (1999) and co-editor of New Perspectives on Native North America: Cultures, Histories, Representations (forthcoming, 2006...Notes on Contributors Chadwick Allen is Associate Professor of English at The Ohio State University, where he teaches courses in indigenous literatures, postcolonial theory, and frontier studies. He is the author of Blood Narrative: Indigenous...

2006-03-01

221

76 FR 15052 - Proposed Information Collection (Time Record (Work-Study Program); Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the actual number of hours worked by a work-study claimant. DATES: Written...the number of work-study hours a claimant has completed...who is pursuing work-study is correct. Affected...Annual Burden: 21,752 hours. Estimated...

2011-03-18

222

Understanding China's Post80 employees' work attitudes: an explorative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationships among job and career satisfactions, work commitment, and turnover intentions for the Post-80 employees in China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 290 of China's Post-80 employees from 19 knowledge-intensive companies were surveyed. Structural equation modeling was used for data analysis. Findings – The perceptions of selected Post-80 employees

Qinxuan Gu; Lihong Wang; Judy Y. Sun; Yanni Xu

2010-01-01

223

Many hands make light work: further studies in group evolution.  

PubMed

When niching or speciation is required to perform a task that has several different component parts, standard genetic algorithms (GAs) struggle. They tend to evaluate and select all individuals on the same part of the task, which leads to genetic convergence within the population. The goal of evolutionary niching methods is to enforce diversity in the population so that this genetic convergence is avoided. One drawback with some of these niching methods is that they require a priori knowledge or assumptions about the specific fitness landscape in order to work; another is that many such methods are not set up to work on cooperative tasks where fitness is only relevant at the group level. Here we address these problems by presenting the group GA, described earlier by the authors, which is a group-based evolutionary algorithm that can lead to emergent niching. After demonstrating the group GA on an immune system matching task, we extend the previous work and present two modified versions where the number of niches does not need to be specified ahead of time. In the random-group-size GA, the number of niches is varied randomly during evolution, and in the evolved-group-size GA the number of niches is optimized by evolution. This provides a framework in which we can evolve groups of individuals to collectively perform tasks with minimal a priori knowledge of how many subtasks there are or how they should be shared out. PMID:23373977

Tomko, Nicholas; Harvey, Inman; Virgo, Nathaniel; Philippides, Andrew

2014-01-01

224

Referrals to an Intellectual Disability Psychotherapy Service in an Inner City Catchment Area--A Retrospective Case Notes Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aims were to identify referral characteristics and outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities referred to a psychodynamic psychotherapy service. Materials and Methods: A retrospective case notes review of anonymized data relating to 100 sequential patient episodes. Results: A total of 81 people out of 100 with a range of…

Parkes, Geosrgina; Mukherjee, Raja A. S.; Karagianni, Efthalia; Attavar, Rajnish; Sinason, Valerie; Hollins, Sheila

2007-01-01

225

Space platform expendables resupply concept definition study. Volume 3: Work breakdown structure and work breakdown structure dictionary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work breakdown structure (WBS) for the Space Platform Expendables Resupply Concept Definition Study is described. The WBS consists of a list of WBS elements, a dictionary of element definitions, and an element logic diagram. The list and logic diagram identify the interrelationships of the elements. The dictionary defines the types of work that may be represented by or be classified under each specific element. The Space Platform Expendable Resupply WBS was selected mainly to support the program planning, scheduling, and costing performed in the programmatics task (task 3). The WBS is neither a statement-of-work nor a work authorization document. Rather, it is a framework around which to define requirements, plan effort, assign responsibilities, allocate and control resources, and report progress, expenditures, technical performance, and schedule performance. The WBS element definitions are independent of make-or-buy decisions, organizational structure, and activity locations unless exceptions are specifically stated.

1984-01-01

226

Float on a note  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1863–1914, banks in the U.S. could issue notes subject to full collateral, a tax on outstanding notes, redemption of notes on demand, and a clearing fee per issued note cleared through the Treasury. The system failed to satisfy a purported arbitrage condition: the yield on collateral exceeded the tax rate plus the product of the clearing fee and the

Neil Wallace; Tao Zhu

2007-01-01

227

Weekly working hours for Norwegian hospital doctors since 1994 with special attention to postgraduate training, work-home balance and the European Working Time Directive: a panel study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the weekly working hours of Norwegian hospital doctors from 1994 to 2012 with special emphasis on the quality of postgraduate training and work–home balance, and in relation to the requirements of the European Working Time Directive (EWTD). Design Panel study based on postal questionnaires. Setting Norway. Participants Unbalanced cohort of 1300–1600 doctors in 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012. Outcome measures Self-reported total weekly working hours and whether 45 weekly working hours are too short, sufficient, or too long to meet the quality requirements of obligatory postgraduate training for junior doctors. Results From 1994 to 2012, the number of weekly working hours was stable for senior (46–47?h) and junior (45–46?h) hospital doctors. In 2012, significantly more senior (27–35%) than junior (11–20%) doctors reported suboptimal work–home balance, defined as working more than 48?h a week. The majority perceived the present situation with an average of 45?h per week for juniors as sufficient for obligatory postgraduate specialist training, but doctors of higher age (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.08), senior doctors (1.07, 1.04 to 1.11) and doctors working in surgical specialties (OR 1 vs laboratory medicine 0.03, 0.01 to 0.25, internal medicine 0.31, 0.17 to 0.58, psychiatry 0.12, 0.04 to 0.36, paediatrics 0.36, 0.12 to 1.07, anaesthesiology 0.08, 0.02 to 0.39, gynaecology 0.07, 0.01 to 0.56 and others 0.39, 0.04 to 3.56) were more likely to want the work-week to be longer. Conclusions The weekly working hours of Norwegian hospital doctors were always below the EWTD requirements. A significant growth of hospital doctor density over the past two decades, national regulations and cultural values might be important factors. Specialty differences in perception of sufficient training time may call for more flexibility in working time regulations. PMID:25311038

Rosta, Judith; Aasland, Olaf G

2014-01-01

228

Assessment of work ability and vitality—a study of teachers of different age groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was performed to analyse work ability and vitality of teachers of different age groups (group 1: <45 years, group 2: ?45 years) working at comprehensive secondary schools. Particularly, we were interested in detecting factors influencing work ability. 100 female teachers were included in this analysis. A multidisciplinary approach was applied, including life style analysis, work anamnesis, work ability

Gabriele Freude; Reingard Seibt; Eberhard Pech; Peter Ullsperger

2005-01-01

229

The Reaching the Working Poor and Poor Elderly Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Wewould like to thank the many people who contributed to this study. A lana Landey, the project officer at the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture for the first two and a half years of the study, provided wonderful guidance, advice, and ideas. Important input on the study was also received from Steven Carlson,

Sheena Mcconnell; Michael Ponza; Christine Kissmer

230

Lesson Study: Still a Work in Progress in America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the years since the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) focused on the success of Japanese students, much has been written about Japanese lesson study and its possible benefits for mathematics classrooms in America. Lesson study is a professional development process used in Japanese schools that brings teachers (and other…

Tolle, Penelope P.

2010-01-01

231

Connecting Work and School: A Statewide Study of Employer Participation in Florida School-to-Work Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed the characteristics and practices of employers participating in Florida school-to-work (STW) initiatives, the factors influencing their participation, and the quality and value of their partnerships with schools. Data were gathered through a statewide mail survey of a random sample of employers drawn from more than 15,000 Florida…

Haley, Mary

232

A Prospective Study of Return to Work Across Health Conditions: Perceived Work Attitude, Self-efficacy and Perceived Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The aim of the present study was to conduct subgroup-analyses in a prospective cohort of workers on long-term sickness absence\\u000a to investigate whether associations between perceived work attitude, self-efficacy and perceived social support and time to\\u000a RTW differ across different health conditions. Methods The study was based on a sample of 926 workers on sickness absence (6–12 weeks). The participants

Sandra BrouwerMichiel; Michiel F. Reneman; Ute Bültmann; Johan W. Groothoff

2010-01-01

233

Excitation-contraction coupling properties in women with work-related myalgia: a preliminary study.  

PubMed

We investigated the potential role of selected excitation-contraction coupling processes in females with work-related myalgia (WRM) by comparing WRM with healthy controls (CON) using tissue from extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) and trapezius (TRAP) muscles. For the ECRB, age (mean ± SE) was 29.6 ± 3.5 years for CON (n = 9) and 39.2 ± 2.8 years for WRM (n = 13), while for the TRAP, the values were 26.0 ± 2.1 years for CON (n = 7) and 44.6 ± 2.9 years for WRM (n = 11). For the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of the ECRB, WRM displayed concentrations (nmol·(mg protein)(-1)·min(-1)) that were lower (P < 0.05) for Total (202 ± 4.4 vs 178 ± 7.1), Basal (34 ± 1.6 vs 30.1 ± 1.3), and maximal Ca(2+)-ATPase activity (Vmax, 168 ± 4.9 vs 149 ± 6.3), and Ca(2+)-uptake (5.06 ± 0.31 vs 4.13 ± 0.29), but not SERCA1a and SERCA2a isoforms, by comparison with CON. When age was incorporated as a co-variant, Total, Basal, and Ca(2+)-uptake remained different from CON (P < 0.05), but not Vmax (P = 0.13). For TRAP, none of the ATPase properties differed between groups (P > 0.05) either before or following adjustment for age. No differences (P > 0.05) were observed between the groups for Ca(2+)-release in the SR for either TRAP or ECRB. Similarly, no deficiencies, regardless of muscle, were noted for either the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase content or the ? and ? subunit isoform distribution in WRM. This preliminary study provides a basis for further research, with expanded numbers, investigating the hypothesis that abnormalities in SR Ca(2+)-regulation are involved in the cellular etiology of WRM. PMID:24886407

Green, Howard J; Ranney, Don; Burnett, Margaret; Galvin, Patti; Kyle, Natasha; Lounsbury, David; Ouyang, Jing; Smith, Ian C; Stewart, Riley; Tick, Heather; Tupling, A Russell

2014-06-01

234

Student perception about working in rural Nepal after graduation: a study among first- and second-year medical students  

PubMed Central

Background The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a developing country in South Asia with a population of 29.8 million. In September 2011, there were 18 medical schools with 14 being in the private sector. KIST Medical College is a private school in Lalitpur district. The present study was conducted to obtain information on student perceptions about working in rural Nepal after graduation. Methods The study was conducted among first- and second-year undergraduate medical students using a semi-structured questionnaire developed by the authors using inputs from the literature and their experiences of teaching medical students. Year of study, gender, method of financing of medical education, place of family residence and occupation of parents were noted. Participant responses were analysed, grouped together and the number of respondents stating a particular response was noted. Results Of the 200 students, 185 (92.5%) participated with 95 being from the first year and 90 from the second. Most students were self-financing and from urban areas. Regarding the question of working in rural Nepal after graduation, 134 (72.4%) said they will work after their undergraduate course. Students preferred to work in the government or nongovernmental sector. Student felt doctors are reluctant to serve in rural Nepal due to inadequate facilities, low salary, less security, problems with their professional development, less equipment in health centres, decreased contact with family and difficulties in communicating with an illiterate, rural population. About 43% of respondents felt medical education does not adequately prepare them for rural service. Repeated rural exposure, postings in rural hospitals and health centres, and training students to diagnose and treat illness with less technology were suggested. The median monthly salary expected was 60 000 Nepalese rupees (US$ 820) and was significantly higher among first-year students. Conclusions The majority of respondents were in favour of working in rural Nepal after graduation. They wanted facilities in rural areas and health centres to be improved. Changes in the education system were suggested. Providing relatively better facilities for rural doctors compared with urban doctors and reorienting medical education for producing doctors for rural Nepal can be considered. Further studies are required in other private medical schools. PMID:22938089

2012-01-01

235

Notes on notes on postmodern programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

These notes have the status of letters written to ourselves: we wrote them down because, without doing so, we found ourselves making up new arguments over and over again. So began the abstract of our earlier paper Notes on Postmodern Programming. We now revisit the issue of postmodern programming, and attempt to address some of the questions raised by our

James Noble; Robert Biddle

2004-01-01

236

NOTE / NOTE Transpiration-dependent passive silica  

E-print Network

NOTE / NOTE Transpiration-dependent passive silica accumulation in cucumber (Cucumis sativus) under transport Si, through transpiration, from soils to shoots, while others actively transport silica manipulated transpiration rates by changing humidity and air movements around pot-grown plants receiving

Kitajima, Kaoru

237

Note-Making with T-Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The T-Note system is an easy way for students to take notes, is organized for effective review, and is adaptable because it provides a system for recording five types of information typically presented in the classroom. The student first divides a single loose-leaf notebook page vertically down the middle, and horizontally about one or two inches…

Clark, Elvis G.; Davis, Archie D.

238

Linux Notes Fall 2013 Linux Notes  

E-print Network

Linux Notes Fall 2013 Linux Notes Linux is a free operating system that runs on PCs and that uses the X Window system as its basic graphical interface. One of the main differences between Linux and Windows/MAC-OS is that in Linux, events are application driven; that is, the user selects an application

Gousie, Michael B.

239

Linux Notes Spring 2014 Linux Notes  

E-print Network

Linux Notes Spring 2014 Linux Notes Linux is a free operating system that runs on PCs and that uses the X Window system as its basic graphical interface. One of the main differences between Linux and Windows/MAC-OS is that in Linux, events are application driven; that is, the user selects an application

Gousie, Michael B.

240

Linux Notes Fall 2011 Linux Notes  

E-print Network

Linux Notes Fall 2011 Linux Notes Linux is a free operating system that runs on PCs and that uses the X Window system as its basic graphical interface. One of the main differences between Linux and Windows/MAC-OS is that in Linux, events are application driven; that is, the user selects an application

Gousie, Michael B.

241

A NOTE ON STIRLING SERIES MARKUS KUBA AND HELMUT PRODINGER  

E-print Network

A NOTE ON STIRLING SERIES MARKUS KUBA AND HELMUT PRODINGER Abstract. We study sums S = S(d, n, k The unsigned Stirling numbers of the first kind, also called Stirling cycle numbers, are defined the Kronecker delta function. Throughout this work we use Knuth's notation n k . It is well known that Stirling

Wagner, Stephan

242

Bullying, disability and work: a case study of workplace bullying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a case study of a woman diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) who was bullied out of her workplace. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper commences with a narrative about our protagonist, Miranda (a pseudonym), before offering some important contextual theoretical information, including: a discussion of employment concerns for people with disability generally,

Margaret H. Vickers

2009-01-01

243

Putting static analysis to work for verification: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study how program analysis can be used to: • Automatically prove partial correctness of correct pro- grams. • Discover, locate, and diagnose bugs in incorrect pro- grams. Specifically, we present an algorithm that analyzes sorting pro- grams that manipulate linked lists. A prototype of the algo- rithm has been implemented. We show that the algorithm is sufficiently precise to

Tal Lev-Ami; Thomas W. Reps; Shmuel Sagiv; Reinhard Wilhelm

2000-01-01

244

Putting Static Analysis to Work for Verication: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study how program analysis can be used to: Automatically prove partial correctness of correct pro- grams. Discover, locate, and diagnose bugs in incorrect pro- grams. Specically , we present an algorithm that analyzes sorting pro- grams that manipulate linked lists. A prototype of the algo- rithm has been implemented. We show that the algorithm is sucien tly precise to

245

Learning to Speak: Student Work. Female Studies X.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tenth volume in a series, this publication is a collection of papers produced by college students in women's studies classes around the country. The major purpose of the collection is to provide teachers and students in the field with access to the products of classes other than their own. Most of the writings come from the humanities or from…

Rosenfelt, Deborah Silverton, Ed.

246

Compatibility and Outgassing Studies for Directed Stockpile Work (FY05)  

SciTech Connect

Compatibility and outgassing studies of non-nuclear materials were carried out in support of the W80 Life Extension Program. These studies included small-scale laboratory experiments as well as participation in Sandia's Materials Aging and Compatibility test (MAC-1). Analysis of the outgassing signature of removable epoxy foam (REF) revealed unusually high levels of volatile organic compounds in the material. REF was replaced with the polyurethane PMDI. Laboratory compatibility tests of high priority materials were performed and revealed incompatibilities between Viton A (LX-07 binder) and syntactic polysulfide as well as Viton A and REF. With the removal of REF from the system, the incompatibility with Viton A is not an issue. In the case of the viton/polysulfide, both of these materials have a history of reliability in the stockpile, and the observed results, while scientifically interesting, appear to be a laboratory anomaly. Participation in the MAC-1 test led to a detailed study of Viton A degradation. At elevated temperatures up to 70 C, the Viton A samples darkened and exhibited increased crosslinking. Laboratory experiments were pursued to correlate the observed changes to exposure to specific compounds that were present in the MAC-1 canister atmospheres. Exposure to siloxanes resulted in changes similar to those seen in the MAC-1 samples. Knowledge gained from the MAC-1 test will be applied to the upcoming MAC-2 test planned for FY06. Finally, the suitability of isotopically labeled nitrogen fill gas ({sup 15}N{sub 2}) was addressed. This gas will behave as standard nitrogen with no compatibility concerns expected.

Alviso, C; Harvey, C; Vance, A

2005-11-23

247

Logistical and ergonomic transportation capacity for refuse collection workers: a work physiology field study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a work physiology field study, the work flow and the electrocardiogram were recorded throughout whole shifts for six male refuse (garbage) collection workers who transported and emptied 1·1 m refuse containers. The work rate (WR), indicated by the number of 1·1 m containers emptied per unit of time, and the work pulse rate (WPR) were determined in the data

ALWIN LUTTMANN; WOLFGANG LAURIG; MATTHIAS JÄGER

1992-01-01

248

The Role of Jahoda's Latent and Financial Benefits for Work Involvement: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of the latent and financial benefits of work as defined by Marie Jahoda (1982) in explaining a person's work involvement. Drawing upon theoretical frameworks on work commitment and work motivation, the latent benefits were expected to have a positive, whereas the financial benefits were expected to have a negative…

Stiglbauer, Barbara; Batinic, Bernad

2012-01-01

249

Solar Concepts: Teacher Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of teacher notes describes teaching methods to support the material presented in the background text and to elaborate on basic solar concepts. Included are objectives and quizzes, teacher notes and bibliographies, and selected student projects. (Author/RE)

Gorham, Jonathan W.

250

Quickies : intelligent sticky notes  

E-print Network

This thesis introduces 'Quickies', an attempt to bring one of the most useful inventions of the 20th century into the digital age: the ubiquitous sticky notes. Sticky notes help us manage our to-do lists, tag our objects ...

Mistry, Pranav (Pranav K.)

2008-01-01

251

Environmental effects of dredging. Lower limits of organic carbon normalization: Results of fish/sediment/water equilibrium partitioning studies. Technical note  

SciTech Connect

This technical note reports the initial results of studies measuring biota/ sediment/water equilibrium partitioning of a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener. The focus of this technical note is on the validity of normalizing concentrations of neutral organic chemicals on sediment total organic carbon (TOC) when sediment TOC concentrations are low. Over the past 10 years, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has aggressively pursued development of single-chemical sediment quality criteria (SQC). Equilibrium partitioning of neutral organic chemicals between the organic carbon fraction of bedded sediments and the interstitial water of the sediments provides the theoretical basis for the most popular approach to development of SQC. The solution phase of the chemical in equilibrium with the sediment is considered to represent the bioavailable fraction and to enable the conversion of existing water quality criteria (WQC) into SQC or sediment quality standards.

McFarland, V.A.; Honeycutt, M.E.; Feldhaus, J.; Ace, L.N.; Brannon, J.M.

1996-03-01

252

Float on a Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the U.S. National Banking System (NBS), in effect from 1863--1914, banks with national charters could issue notes under four main restrictions: full collateral in the form of government bonds, a per-period tax on outstanding notes, redemption of notes into (outside) money on demand, and a clearing fee per issued note that is cleared through the Treasury's clearing system. The

Tao Zhu; Neil Wallace

2004-01-01

253

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega-Studies: A Case Study At Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Between 1952 and 1992, more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America, and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the lifespan and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data, ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender-specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly-developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene-specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology megastudies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies, and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research.

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2011-09-06

254

Alternative work schedule interventions in the Australian construction industry: a comparative case study analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project?based construction workers in the Australian construction industry work long and irregular hours and experience higher levels of work?to?family conflict and burnout than office?based workers, giving rise to an interest in alternative work schedules as a means of supporting work–life balance. Alternative work schedules were implemented in four case study construction projects in Australia. Interventions differed between projects, with two

Helen Clare Lingard; Keith Townsend; Lisa Bradley; Kerry Brown

2008-01-01

255

A longitudinal study of work-based, adult–youth mentoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a longitudinal design, this study explored the relation of urban high school student attitudes toward school, work, and self-esteem beliefs to work-based mentoring, mentor satisfaction, and employment status. Participants included high school students taking part in a formal work-based mentoring program, students who established informal mentoring relationships at work, students who worked without a mentor, and students who were

Frank Linnehan

2003-01-01

256

The Association Between Work-Family Conflict and Job Burnout Among Correctional Staff: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working in corrections can be a demanding career in which work-family conflict and job burnout are possible. This study examined\\u000a the relationship of the different forms of work-family conflict (time-based conflict, strain-based conflict, behavior-based\\u000a conflict, and family on work conflict) with job burnout. Multivariate analysis of survey results from 160 staff who worked\\u000a at a private Midwestern correctional facility for

Eric Lambert; Nancy L. Hogan; Irshad Altheimer

2010-01-01

257

A longitudinal panel study on antecedents and outcomes of work–home interference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical models of the antecedents and outcomes of work–home interference (WHI) suggest that work characteristics (e.g., job stressors, working hours) increase the probability that an individual experiences work–home interference. Since work–home interference is considered as a role stressor, these experiences should be detrimental for long-term well-being. In this 2-wave panel study, the authors compared this suggested pathway with competing models

Holger Steinmetz; Michael Frese; Peter Schmidt

2008-01-01

258

Staying at work with chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain: a qualitative study of workers' experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Many people with chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain (CMP) have decreased work ability. The majority, however, stays at work despite their pain. Knowledge about workers who stay at work despite chronic pain is limited, narrowing our views on work participation. The aim of this study was to explore why people with CMP stay at work despite pain (motivators) and how they manage to maintain working (success factors). Methods A semi-structured interview was conducted among 21 subjects who stay at work despite CMP. Participants were included through purposeful sampling. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and imported into computer software Atlas.ti. Data was analyzed by means of thematic analysis. The interviews consisted of open questions such as: "Why are you working with pain?" or "How do you manage working while having pain?" Results A total of 16 motivators and 52 success factors emerged in the interviews. Motivators were categorized into four themes: work as value, work as therapy, work as income generator, and work as responsibility. Success factors were categorized into five themes: personal characteristics, adjustment latitude, coping with pain, use of healthcare services, and pain beliefs. Conclusions Personal characteristics, well-developed self-management skills, and motivation to work may be considered to be important success factors and prerequisites for staying at work, resulting in behaviors promoting staying at work such as: raising adjustment latitude, changing pain-coping strategies, organizing modifications and conditions at work, finding access to healthcare services, and asking for support. Motivators and success factors for staying at work may be used for interventions in rehabilitation and occupational medicine, to prevent absenteeism, or to promote a sustainable return to work. This qualitative study has evoked new hypotheses about staying at work; quantitative studies on staying at work are needed to obtain further evidence. PMID:21639884

2011-01-01

259

SFU LABOUR STUDIES PROGRAM The meaning of work. The role of trade unions.  

E-print Network

SFU LABOUR STUDIES PROGRAM The meaning of work. The role of trade unions. The changing structure that will serve the interests of students, working people, the trade unions and their membership. Get in touch

260

Working Unusual Hours and Its Relationship to Job Satisfaction: A Study of European Maritime Pilots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our study focuses on maritime pilotage in seven European countries and analyzes the level of job satisfaction and its predictors.\\u000a Like most existing studies in the field of job satisfaction, we show that job satisfaction is an outcome of the work of maritime\\u000a pilots. Stressful working conditions, such as working unsocial hours and irregular working patterns, create strains that together

Maike Andresen; Michel E. Domsch; Annett H. Cascorbi

2007-01-01

261

Margins Volcano Field trip to Arenal and Guanacaste June 22-26, 2007 Study this picture of Arenal well. Note  

E-print Network

require tire chains and/or excellent drivers. G. Alvarado has spent much time in the white, the tephra://rockbox.rutgers.edu/~carr/MarginsVolcFieldTrip/ The list of publications is unbalanced. The Regional Geochemistry folder is overweighted with the work leaders have all worked on green volcanoes, those covered with jungle, and spent difficult hours

262

How to do a grounded theory study: a worked example of a study of dental practices  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative methodologies are increasingly popular in medical research. Grounded theory is the methodology most-often cited by authors of qualitative studies in medicine, but it has been suggested that many 'grounded theory' studies are not concordant with the methodology. In this paper we provide a worked example of a grounded theory project. Our aim is to provide a model for practice, to connect medical researchers with a useful methodology, and to increase the quality of 'grounded theory' research published in the medical literature. Methods We documented a worked example of using grounded theory methodology in practice. Results We describe our sampling, data collection, data analysis and interpretation. We explain how these steps were consistent with grounded theory methodology, and show how they related to one another. Grounded theory methodology assisted us to develop a detailed model of the process of adapting preventive protocols into dental practice, and to analyse variation in this process in different dental practices. Conclusions By employing grounded theory methodology rigorously, medical researchers can better design and justify their methods, and produce high-quality findings that will be more useful to patients, professionals and the research community. PMID:21902844

2011-01-01

263

Challenging Racial Silences in Studies of Emotion Work: Contributions from Anti-Racist Feminist Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little or no attention has been paid to the racialized dimensions of the emotion work done by individuals as part of their paid jobs. I argue that this exclusion of racial analyses is symptomatic of a static conceptualization of the subject underlying many studies of emotion work. While theorists illuminate the different forms of emotion work required by women and

Kiran Mirchandani

2003-01-01

264

Impact of Diabetes on Work Cessation Data from the GAZEL cohort study  

E-print Network

Impact of Diabetes on Work Cessation Data from the GAZEL cohort study ELÃ?ONORE HERQUELOT, MSC ALICE of diabetes on work cessation, i.e., on the risks of work disability, early retirement, and death while with diabetes and randomly selected 2,530 nondiabetic employed control subjects matched for major socio

Boyer, Edmond

265

Night-Shift Work and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Nurses' Health Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to light at night suppresses the physiologic production of melato- nin, a hormone that has antiprolifer- ative effects on intestinal cancers. Al- though observational studies have associated night-shift work with an increased risk of breast cancer, the effect of night-shift work on the risk of other cancers is not known. We prospectively examined the relation- ship between working rotating

Eva S. Schernhammer; Francine Laden; Frank E. Speizer; Walter C. Willett; David J. Hunter; Ichiro Kawachi; Charles S. Fuchs; Graham A. Colditz

2003-01-01

266

Social Support at Work, Heart Rate, and Cortisol: A Self-Monitoring Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the influence of work social support on self-monitored heart rate, blood pressure, and salivary cortisol recorded on 3 work days and 2 leisure days from 61 nurses and 32 accountants (40 men, 53 women). Heart rate and blood pressure were higher during the day at work than in the evening or on leisure days. Cortisol was higher

Olga Evans; Andrew Steptoe

2001-01-01

267

Influence of gender on IT professional work identity: outcomes from a PLS study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the impact of gender on the work identity for IT professionals. Work identity directly and indirectly affects job satisfaction and intent to leave the organization. The model is empirically evaluated using the partial least squares technique. Survey data was collected from 240 IT professionals using on-line distribution. The results demonstrate that the work identity of female IT

Mari W. Buche

2008-01-01

268

Academic Performance of College Students: Influence of Time Spent Studying and Working  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's college students are less prepared for college-level work than their predecessors. Once they get to college, they tend to spend fewer hours studying while spending more hours working, some even full time (D. T. Smart, C. A. Kelley, & J. S. Conant, 1999). In this study, the authors examined the effect of both time spent studying and time…

Nonis, Sarath A.; Hudson, Gail I.

2006-01-01

269

Note Taking and Note Sharing While Browsing Campaign Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participants were observed while searching and browsing the internet for campaign information in a mock-voting situation in three online note-taking conditions: No Notes, Private Notes, and Shared Notes. Note taking significantly influenced the manner in which participants browsed for information about candidates. Note taking competed for time and cognitive resources and resulted in less thorough browsing. Effects were strongest when

Scott P. Robertson; Ravi K. Vatrapu; George Abraham

2009-01-01

270

Intergranular corrosion studies on warm worked type 316 austenitic stainless steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though warm working offers several technological advantages, warm working of austenitic stainless steels might lead to intergranular\\u000a corrosion since the temperature range of warm working coincides with that of sensitization. In the present study, warm working\\u000a of AISI Type 316 stainless steel (SS) was carried out between 823–1123 K up to 30% strain level, and subjected to intergranular\\u000a corrosion tests

U. Kamachi Mudali; S. Venkadesan; J. B. Gnanamoorthy

1990-01-01

271

The American Work Ethic and the Changing Work Force: An Historical Perspective. Contributions in Labor Studies, Number 52.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the colonial period, the ideology of work--the American work ethic--took root. Americans valued work and considered it an obligation to society, to oneself, and to one's family. The key to the agrarian culture was an ethic that recognized the importance of hard, physical labor within a framework of yearly cycles of tasks. The world of the…

Applebaum, Herbert

272

HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL FINANCIAL AID OFFICE SUMMER FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAM APPLICATION  

E-print Network

The Federal Work-Study Program (FWS) is a federal financial aid program which provides wage subsidies to eligible employers who hire participating students. The subsidy can make a student more attractive $18.15 per hour nor be less than the minimum Work-Study hourly wage of $9.50. The federal government

Goodrich, Lisa V.

273

HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL FINANCIAL AID OFFICE SUMMER FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAM APPLICATION  

E-print Network

The Federal Work-Study Program (FWS) is a federal financial aid program which provides wage subsidies to eligible employers who hire participating students. The subsidy can make a student more attractive $18.15 per hour nor be less than the minimum Work-Study hourly wage of $12.50. The federal government

Chou, James

274

How Commercial Diplomats Work A qualitative study to gain insight into the way commercial diplomats shape  

E-print Network

How Commercial Diplomats Work A qualitative study to gain insight into the way commercial diplomats shape their roles Robin Visser #12;Master Thesis How Commercial Diplomats Work A qualitative study to gain insight into the way commercial diplomats shape their roles University of Twente School

Vellekoop, Michel

275

Studying institutional work in organizations : Uses and implications of ethnographic methodologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In order to provide new and other directions to institutional studies in organization theory, Lawrence and Suddaby forward the notion of institutional work of actors aimed at maintaining, changing and disrupting institutions. The purpose of this paper is to further theory and method in studying the institutional work of people in organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Methodological insights from the

Toke Bjerregaard

2011-01-01

276

Prevalence of widespread pain and associations with work status: a population study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This population study based on a representative sample from a Swedish county investigates the prevalence, duration, and determinants of widespread pain (WSP) in the population using two constructs and estimates how WSP affects work status. In addition, this study investigates the prevalence of widespread pain and its relationship to pain intensity, gender, age, income, work status, citizenship, civil status,

Björn Gerdle; Jonas Björk; Lars Cöster; KG Henriksson; Chris Henriksson; Ann Bengtsson

2008-01-01

277

The views of doctors on their working lives: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Summary Objective To describe doctors' views on, and responses to, their professional working lives in the UK National Health Service (NHS). Design Qualitative study using semi structured interviews. Setting Two district hospitals and primary care settings in the North of England. Participants Fifty-two doctors participated in the study – 47 worked in hospital and five worked in general practice. Main outcome measures Qualitative information regarding doctors' views on their working lives. Results The study provided insights into the views of their working lives of a sample of doctors in the NHS. Feelings they articulated contained a number of ambivalences. Feelings about the future were coloured by concerns about the impact of regulatory changes and processes of modernization on the experiential knowledge of doctors. Conclusions These insights into doctors' views of their working lives might usefully inform those involved in the planning and overseeing of changes to health service structures and systems. PMID:19092029

Watt, Ian; Nettleton, Sarah; Burrows, Roger

2008-01-01

278

Experimental research on electric propulsion. Note 5: Experimental study of a magnetic field stabilized arc-jet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The possibility of using an electric arc under the influence of a magnetic field in ambient air to transform the heat energy of the working fluid arc into the kinetic energy of the jet was investigated. A convergent-divergent type nozzle was used. Variation of specific thrust and chamber pressure are discussed. Nitrogen was the propellant used.

Robotti, A. C.; Oggero, M.

1984-01-01

279

Dancing with the stars: notes on constructing a critical management studies locale in Aotearoa\\/New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like most social science researchers working in Aotearoa\\/New Zealand and other non- metropolitan sites, Management researchers face a choice as to the kind of response and relations they develop with the core of our field located, in the main, in the metropolitan centres of the United States and the United Kingdom. In this paper we use points from our own

Craig Prichard; Janet Sayers; Ralph Bathurst

280

Short Notes 557 INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

-Herrera and Tschapka, 2005). Most tent roosting bats are members of the family of New World leaf-nosed bats, Phyllostomidae, tent-roosting, tent-building #12;558 Short Notes observation of a phyllostomid bat construct- ingShort Notes 557 INTRODUCTION Twenty-one species of bats around the world have been recorded using

Medellín, Rodrigo

281

Sticky-Note Murals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a sticky-note mural project that originated from his desire to incorporate contemporary materials into his assignments as well as to inspire collaboration between students. The process takes much more than sticking sticky notes to the wall. It takes critical thinking skills and teamwork to design and complete…

Sands, Ian

2011-01-01

282

Is working in culturally diverse working environment associated with physicians' work-related well-being? A cross-sectional survey study among Finnish physicians.  

PubMed

International mobility of health care professionals is increasing, though little is known about how working in a culturally diverse team affects the native physicians' psychosocial work environment. We examined Finnish physicians' perceptions of work-related wellbeing according to whether they had foreign-born colleagues (FBCs) in their work unit. We also examined whether work-related resources moderate the potential association between work-related wellbeing and working alongside FBCs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted for a random sample of physicians in Finland in 2010 (3826 respondents, response rate 55%). Analyses were restricted to native Finnish physicians working in public health care. The results were analyzed by ANCOVA. In unadjusted analyses, having FBCs was related to poor team climate (p<0.001) and poor job satisfaction (p=0.001). Those physicians who reported high procedural justice and high job control perceived also higher job satisfaction even if they had many FBCs in the work unit (p=0.007 for interaction between FBCs and procedural justice and p<0.001 for interaction between FBCs and job control). These associations were robust to adjustments for age, sex, health care sector, specialization, on-call duty, employment contract, full-time employment and leadership position. The results indicate that culturally diverse work units face challenges related to team climate and job satisfaction. The results also show that leadership plays an important role in culturally diverse work units. The potential challenges of culturally diverse teams for native physicians may be reduced by fair decision-making and by increasing physicians' job control. PMID:24602375

Aalto, Anna-Mari; Heponiemi, Tarja; Väänänen, Ari; Bergbom, Barbara; Sinervo, Timo; Elovainio, Marko

2014-08-01

283

DISCUSSION NOTES CAMPUS COMMUNITY COUNCIL  

E-print Network

Study Team, defines campus climate as "the current attitudes, behaviors and standards of faculty, staff August 8, 2012 Discussion Notes Approved Discussion Highlights: 1. UC System-wide Campus Climate Survey Survey i. Pennsylvania State University professor Susan Rankin, the lead consultant on the Campus Climate

California at Davis, University of

284

Notes on the Montessori Adolescent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that Montessori education of adolescents (Erdkinder) should prepare them to exercise a self-disciplined will and judgment. Notes the importance of preparing children through Cosmic Education and through community service. Maintains that the logical focus of study for the third plane is the cosmic plan and the adolescent's place in it.…

Stephenson, Margaret E.

2000-01-01

285

Working conditions and depressive symptoms: A prospective study of U.S. Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective Prior longitudinal studies of negative working conditions and depression generally have used a single exposure indicator, such as job strain, and have required consistent availability of the measure across waves and selection of only those working at all measurement points. Methods Up to four waves of the American’s Changing Lives study (1986-2001/2) and item response theory (IRT) models were used to generate wave-specific measures of negative working conditions. Random-intercept linear mixed models assessed the association between the score and depressive symptoms. Results Adjusting for covariates, negative working conditions were associated with significantly greater depressive symptoms. Conclusion A summary score of negative working conditions allowed use of all available working conditions measures and predicted depressive symptoms in a nationally-representative sample of U.S. workers followed for up to 15 years. Linear mixed models also allowed retention of intermittent workers. PMID:24013657

Burgard, Sarah A.; Elliott, Michael R.; Zivin, Kara; House, James S.

2013-01-01

286

Can the Work Ability Index also be used by non-medical professionals? A comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparative study was conducted to find out the scores in Work Ability Index (WAI) of different interviewers–Occupational Health Physician and Work Psychologist–and different versions—comprehensive version of the Work Ability Index and an abridged version. The variations of the WAI scores–higher scores by a non-medical interviewer and by using the abridged version–and conclusions on the use of the WAI–interview instrument

Heinrich Geissler; Juergen Tempel; Brigitta Geissler-Gruber

2005-01-01

287

A data-matching study of the role of fatigue in work-related crashes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated fatigue involvement in work and nonwork-related road traffic casualty crashes using a dataset formed by linking the New South Wales workers compensation dataset with the New South Wales road traffic crash database. In many crash databases work-relatedness cannot be identified. Other databases, such as workers compensation data provide information on work-related road traffic injury but little on

Ann Williamson; Soufiane Boufous

2007-01-01

288

Social Consequences of Nomadic Working: A Case Study in an Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This research study identified social challenges that knowledge workers in the Swedish organization TeliaSonera (Telia) face\\u000a when utilizing wireless technologies to conduct work on the move. Upon collecting the relevant research data, five problem\\u000a areas were identified: work and life balance, addiction, organizational involvement, nomadic work and control, and individual\\u000a productivity. Each problem area was examined with the philosophical underpinning

Ramanjit Singh; Trevor Wood-Harper

2010-01-01

289

Positive and negative work–family interaction and burnout: A longitudinal study of reciprocal relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the longitudinal relationship between work–family interaction (WFI) in terms of the direction of influence (work-to-family vs. family-to-work) and type of effect (conflict vs. facilitation) and burnout. A sample of 2235 respondents from eight different occupational groups (lawyers, bus drivers, employees within information technology, physicians, teachers, church ministers, employees within advertisement, and nurses) supplied data at two points

Siw Tone Innstrand; Ellen Melbye Langballe; Geir Arild Espnes; Erik Falkum; Olaf Gjerløw Aasland

2008-01-01

290

Spatial working memory maintenance: Does attention play a role? A visual search study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have proposed that a common mechanism may underlie spatial attention and spatial working memory. One proposal is that spatial working memory is maintained by attention-based rehearsal [Awh, E., Jonides, J., & Reuter-Lorenz, P. A. (1998). Rehearsal in spatial working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24(3), 780–790], and so a spatial attention shift during the

Louis K. H. Chan; William G. Hayward; Jan Theeuwes

2009-01-01

291

Emerging Themes on the Efficacy of Ballet Barre Work and Its Connection to Center Work: An Investigatory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the effcacy of traditional ballet barre exercises in relation to student learning and performance in technique class essentially is non-existent. This research explored how students described their experiences with barre work as well as how they saw these experiences as developing desired skills for moving in the center work. Interviews were conducted with seven intermediate level collegiate ballet

Nicole Antonette Martinell

2009-01-01

292

Emerging Themes on the Efficacy of Ballet Barre Work and Its Connection to Center Work: An Investigatory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the efficacy of traditional ballet barre exercises in relation to student learning and performance in technique class essentially is non-existent. This research explored how students described their experiences with barre work as well as how they saw these experiences as developing desired skills for moving in the center work.…

Martinell, Nicole Antonette

2009-01-01

293

Friends at WorkA Comparative Study of Work Attitudes in Seoul City Government and New Jersey State Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managers and scholars have always been ambivalent about the value of friendships among employees to the organization, although anyone who has worked in an office setting knows that working in a friendly place is much more preferable than the alternative. The major focus on office friendship has been on the negative side: Friendship can be related to nepotism; favoritism; gossip;

Seok-Hwi Song; Dorothy Olshfski

2008-01-01

294

How Does the New TANF Work Requirement "Work" in Rural Minority Communities? A Case Study of the Northern Cheyenne Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August of 1996 Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which President Bill Clinton then signed into law. This essay will address the question, how have American Indian reservation residents fared in relation to the new work requirements? The authors are interested in the consequences of…

Whiting, Erin Feinauer; Ward, Carol; Villa, Rita Hiwalker; Davis, Judith

2005-01-01

295

Low back pain patients' experiences of work modifications; a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Research indicates that work modifications can reduce sickness absence and work disability due to low back pain. However, there are few studies that have described modified work from the perspective of patients. A greater understanding of their experiences may inform future workplace management of employees with this condition. Methods Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-five employed patients who had been referred for back pain rehabilitation. All had expressed concern about their ability to work due to low back pain. Data was analysed thematically. Results Many participants had made their own work modifications, which were guided by the extent of control they had over their hours and duties, colleague support, and their own beliefs and attitudes about working with back pain. A minority of the participants had received advice or support with work modifications through occupational health. Access to these services was limited and usually followed lengthy sickness absence. Implementation largely rested with the manager and over-cautious approaches were common. Conclusions There was little evidence of compliance with occupational health guidance on modified work. There appears to be insufficient expertise among managers and occupational health in modifying work for employees with low back pain and little indication of joint planning. On the whole, workers make their own modifications, or arrange them informally with their manager and colleagues, but remain concerned about working with back pain. More effective and appropriate application of modifications may increase employees' confidence in their ability to work. PMID:21134248

2010-01-01

296

Work resumption at the price of distrust: a qualitative study on return to work legislation in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background Return to work (RTW) after sick leave is considered necessary to support the employees’ health. Cooperation between employees and employers may encourage employees’ RTW, but is hampered by bottlenecks that we do not completely understand. Dutch legislation means to support this cooperation and allows trying RTW during two years. The Resource Dependence Institutional Cooperation (RDIC) model has been developed for studying cooperation in public health. Study aims were to get insight into the degree of cooperation between Dutch sick-listed employees and employers, how this (lack of) cooperation can be understood, and how valid the RDIC model is for understanding this (lack of) cooperation. Methods This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 8 employees and 8 employers. Employees reported sick for 1.5-20 months for various reasons. Interviews were analysed using an interpretative approach and pattern matching. Results Cooperation was lacking early during sick leave. Later on there were regular meetings, but employers decided about RTW without consulting the employees. Particularly employers were motivated to cooperate during the first year, while employees were especially motivated during the second. This could be understood by experienced dependence; employees (first year) and employers (second year) did not consider cooperation to be important for achieving medical recovery (employees) or RTW (employers). These divergent goals may be understood by personal norms about the timing of medical recovery and RTW. Legislation was particularly effective regarding employer behaviour in year 1 and employee behaviour in year 2. Employees distrusted their employers during the first year, while employers reported to distrust the employees during the second year. Besides, employees and employers experienced a moderate ability to cooperate. This could be understood particularly by having moderate knowledge about legislation. The RDIC model appeared to be valid to understand the cases studied, but the additional factor distrust also played a role. Conclusions Legislation appeared to support cooperation, but awareness of a mutual dependence, trust, knowledge about the legislation and personal norms regarding recovery and RTW are also important. Professionals such as occupational physicians should support this to attain a degree of cooperation that is necessary for effective RTW. PMID:23421974

2013-01-01

297

An Introduction to the Work (and Play) of Writing Studies Research Methods through Micro Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the benefits and challenges involved with assigning small-scale research projects in one research methods class as means of introducing new(er) researchers to the work and rewards of empirical writing research. The following discussion does not claim to offer examples of cutting-edge methodological work. That is not our goal…

Aiken, Suzan; Beard, Emily J.; McClure, David R. E.; Nickoson, Lee

2013-01-01

298

SOCIAL WORK Program of Study The full MSW Program consists of 63 credit hours-45 credits of classroom work and 18 credits of  

E-print Network

SOCIAL WORK Program of Study The full MSW Program consists of 63 credit hours- 45 credits the program. The Master's of Social Work Program is designed for people who are interested in entering the social work profession at an advanced professional level and for people currently in the profession who

Thomas, Andrew

299

Kindergarten Quantum Mechanics lectures notes  

E-print Network

These lecture notes survey some joint work with Samson Abramsky as it was presented by me at several conferences in the summer of 2005. It concerns `doing quantum mechanics using only pictures of lines, squares, triangles and diamonds'. This picture calculus can be seen as a very substantial extension of Dirac's notation, and has a purely algebraic counterpart in terms of so-called Strongly Compact Closed Categories (introduced by Abramsky and I in quant-ph/0402130 and [4]) which subsumes my Logic of Entanglement quant-ph/0402014. For a survey on the `what', the `why' and the `hows' I refer to a previous set of lecture notes quant-ph/0506132. In a last section we provide some pointers to the body of technical literature on the subject.

Coecke, B

2005-01-01

300

Kindergarten Quantum Mechanics: Lecture Notes  

SciTech Connect

These lecture notes survey some joint work with Samson Abramsky as it was presented by me at several conferences in the summer of 2005. It concerns 'doing quantum mechanics using only pictures of lines, squares, triangles and diamonds'. This picture calculus can be seen as a very substantial extension of Dirac's notation, and has a purely algebraic counterpart in terms of so-called Strongly Compact Closed Categories (introduced by Abramsky and I which subsumes my Logic of Entanglement. For a survey on the 'what', the 'why' and the 'hows' I refer to a previous set of lecture notes. In a last section we provide some pointers to the body of technical literature on the subject.

Coecke, Bob [Oxford University Computing Laboratory, Wolfson Building, Parks rd, OX1 3QD Oxford (United Kingdom)

2006-01-04

301

Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to School Social Work Practice: A Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding barriers to practice is a growing area within school social work research. Using a convenience sample of 284 school social workers, this study replicates the efforts of a mixed-method investigation designed to identify barriers and facilitators to school social work practice within different geographic locations. Time constraints and…

Teasley, Martell; Canifield, James P.; Archuleta, Adrian J.; Crutchfield, Jandel; Chavis, Annie McCullough

2012-01-01

302

Strategies for Research Development in Hospital Social Work: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article identifies salient components in the advancement of social work research leadership within health care. Method: Using tenets of a modified retrospective case study approach, processes and outcomes of social work research progression at a pediatric hospital are reviewed. Results: Capacity-building processes were…

McNeill, Ted; Nicholas, David Bruce

2012-01-01

303

Married Thai Working Mothers: Coping with Initial Part-Time Doctoral Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advanced educational attainment can "grow" a career. But acquiring a doctoral qualification adds study to existing work and family responsibilities, especially for women. This phenomenological research explores the experiences of eight Thai working mothers enrolled in the initial stage of part-time doctoral programs in Thailand. A majority…

Thinnam, Thanit

2011-01-01

304

A 2-year follow-up study of work ability among college educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate work ability among college educators before and after an intervention at the workplace. An administrative restructuring in the workplace started to be implemented in 2005. The work ability index (WAI) was administered to 154 educators before the restructure in 2004 and to 60 educators following the restructure in 2006. A t-test comparing

Elaine C. Marqueze; Gustavo P. Voltz; Flávio N. S. Borges; Claudia R. C. Moreno

2008-01-01

305

Psychometric properties of Work Ability Index in the light of comparative survey study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is focused on psychometric properties of Work Ability Index. The authors have undertaken this task in order to check whether WAI may be considered as a reliable, valid and universal measurement of ability to work in the nursing profession. As an empirical basis authors used the data set obtained from Nurses' Early Exit Study—coming from 10 European countries,

P. Radkiewicz; M. Widerszal-Bazyl

2005-01-01

306

Descriptive study of stress and satisfaction at work in the Saragossa university services and administration staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The notion of stress in connection with the work environment became an important topic during the 1970's, when the first studies on the subject were published and the term of work stress was first coined. In 1974, Freudenberger proposed the term burnout to refer to the condition of physical and emotional exhaustion, as well as the associated negative

Jose Miguel Tricas Moreno; Carlos Salavera Bordas; Ma Orosia Lucha Lopez; Concepcion Vidal Peracho; Ana Carmen Lucha Lopez; Elena Estebanez de Miguel; Luis Bernues Vazquez

2010-01-01

307

Job insecurity, gender and work orientation: an exploratory study of breadwinning and  

E-print Network

scores of men and women in the UK who became insecurely employed after a period of unemployment. In short1 Job insecurity, gender and work orientation: an exploratory study of breadwinning and caregivingRX Please do not quote without the author's permission #12;2 Job insecurity, gender and work

de Gispert, Adrià

308

WORK-LIFE BALANCE IN THE TOURISM INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus into the issue within the tourism industry. The paper presents a case study of a five star hotel that attempts to address issues of employee dissatisfaction and included in these issues are embryonic

Margaret Deery; Leo Jago; Michael Stewart

309

Federal Student aid Handbook, 2002-2003. Volume 6: Federal Work-Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal Work-Study (FWS) Program allows undergraduate and graduate students to work part-time to help pay for the cost of their education. Schools must use 75% of their FSW Program funds to compensate students employed in community service jobs. This volume describes the ways schools are required to use money from FSW program funds to…

Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

310

Stability and Change in Work Values: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies was conducted to investigate stability and change in work values across the life span. Both rank-order stability and mean-level change were investigated using an integrative classification for intrinsic, extrinsic, social and status work values (Ross, Schwartz, & Surkis, 1999). Results of rank-order…

Jin, Jing; Rounds, James

2012-01-01

311

A Study of Structured and Non-Structured Work Experience Programs in Texas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to compare the relative values of the structured and unstructured approaches to the work experience portion of cooperative education programs with the additional objective of preparing guidelines for developing the structure of a work experience. A total of 32 students, 16 experimental and 16 control, from four Texas Community…

Gutcher, G. Dale

312

Effects of Client Violence on Social Work Students: A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a work stress theoretical framework to examine the effects of direct and indirect client violence on a randomly selected national sample of MSW and BSW social work students from the National Association of Social Workers (N=595). Client violence variables were analyzed in relationship to fear of future violence and occupational…

Criss, Pam

2010-01-01

313

An Exploratory Study into Work/Family Balance within the Australian Higher Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education landscape is undergoing major transformation, with a significant impact on the work and family practices of academics and professional staff. The purpose of this exploratory study is to examine the extent to which (1) time-related, (2) strain-related and (3) demographical variables impact on the work/family balance of academic…

Pillay, Soma; Kluvers, Ron; Abhayawansa, Subhash; Vranic, Vedran

2013-01-01

314

Measuring the Effect of Social Communications on Individual Working Rhythms: A Case Study of  

E-print Network

Measuring the Effect of Social Communications on Individual Working Rhythms: A Case Study of Open proposes novel quantitative methods to measure the effects of social communications on individual working rhythms by analyzing the communication and code committing records in tens of Open Source Software (OSS

Filkov, Vladimir

315

MSU America Reads*America Counts Tutor (Volunteer and Work-Study)  

E-print Network

MSU America Reads*America Counts Tutor (Volunteer and Work-Study) Position Description The Office experiences in the Bozeman area community. OAE administers and oversees the MSU America Reads* America Counts. The MSU America Reads*America Counts tutors are responsible for working with the students to whom

Maxwell, Bruce D.

316

Study of Hand Function in a Group of Shoe Factory Workers Engaged in Repetitive Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Work related hand and wrist musculoskeletal disorders are well known. The contributing factors could be repetitive movements, forceful work and awkward posture. It is not known how these movements affect grip or pinch strength and other functional aspects of the hand. Aims: To study a group of shoe factory workers doing repetitive thumb and wrist movements for prevalence of

Anupam Datta Gupta; Dilip Mahalanabis

2006-01-01

317

The Lived Experience of Psychotherapists Working with Older Clients: An Heuristic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of an heuristic study based on the research question: 'How do psychotherapists experience working with older clients?' The question came from the researchers' experience and interest in working with older clients in general practice. It started from the researchers' desire to examine more closely feelings and…

Atkins, Dianne; Loewenthal, Del

2004-01-01

318

The Study of Surface Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Its Design, Efficiency, and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a Surface Computer Supported Cooperative Work paradigm is proposed. Recently, multitouch technology has become widely available for human-computer interaction. We found it has great potential to facilitate more awareness of human-to-human interaction than personal computers (PCs) in colocated collaborative work. However, other…

Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Su, Jia-Han

2012-01-01

319

Supervisor Support, Work-Family Conflict, and Satisfaction Outcomes: An Empirical Study in the Hotel Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study developed and tested a model that investigated the relationship of supervisor support with work-family conflict and family-work conflict and the effects of both directions of conflict with family satisfaction, career satisfaction, and life satisfaction. The model also examined the impact of supervisor support on family and career satisfaction outcomes and the effects of these satisfaction variables on

Osman M. Karatepe; Orhan Uludag

2008-01-01

320

Viewing work historically through art : Incorporating the visual arts into organizational studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To contemplate how the arts might inform organizational studies by investigating how historically based visual art images contribute to an understanding of workers' experiences during the Depression era (1930-1941) in the USA. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Inductively looked for patterns among collected visual art images pertaining to work during the Depression era to establish narratives about how workers experienced work.

Elizabeth M. Doherty

2006-01-01

321

Outcome Studies in Social Work Journals: A Review of Publication Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work practice emerges from research conducted with outcome studies that attempt to capture the "change" that social work services are designed to influence. However, it is unclear the extent to which social workers are prioritizing, and thereby producing, publications that investigate this change. We find that both the number and…

LeCroy, Craig W.; Williams, Lela Rankin

2013-01-01

322

Intentions to Work During Terminal Illness: An Exploratory Study of Antecedent Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facing a terminal illness is an unimaginably difficult experience, yet many individuals intend to work despite their prognosis. However, research has not systematically examined the potential antecedents underlying such intentions. Using behavioral intention theory as an underlying framework, this study hypothesized that reasons for working (intrinsic and extrinsic), the will to live, disability severity, accessibility of travel, and age would

James D. Westaby; Andrea Versenyi; Robert C. Hausmann

2005-01-01

323

Working Memory Training for Children with Cochlear Implants: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a working memory training program for improving memory and language skills in a sample of 9 children who are deaf (age 7-15 years) with cochlear implants (CIs). Method: All children completed the Cogmed Working Memory Training program on a home computer over a 5-week period.…

Kronenberger, William G.; Pisoni, David B.; Henning, Shirley C.; Colson, Bethany G.; Hazzard, Lindsey M.

2011-01-01

324

The Relation Between Leisure Time Physical Exercise, Physical and Psychosocial Work Demands, and Risk of Fibromyalgia in Working Women; The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.  

E-print Network

?? Background: The associations between physical exercise, physical and psychosocial work demands, and risk of musculoskeletal pain are well documented. However, studies investigating these independent… (more)

Hagestande, Line Murtnes

2011-01-01

325

Nurses' perceptions of the working environment: a UK independent sector study.  

PubMed

The working environment is an important determinant of employee well-being. Previous UK studies report registered nurses' perception of the working environment using the Work Environment Scale (WES), but surprisingly few include data for nurses working in mental health or learning disability settings. One hundred and sixty-one (58.8%) registered nurses working day shifts in five specialist divisions (forensic adult mental health, adolescent mental health, elderly continuing care, adult and adolescent learning disability and brain injury rehabilitation) of a large charitable hospital comprising mostly secure (i.e. 'locked') wards completed the WES. Nurses working in separate clinical divisions differed only on the 'physical comfort' subscale. These results are discussed in the context of previous UK research: this sample of nurses scored differently on a number of subscales, with the working environment characterized by relatively high levels of support, cohesion and managerial control and slightly lower levels of autonomy. It is unclear whether the differences reflect the organizational (i.e. non-NHS) context, or a secure environment effect. Previous studies of mental health nurses are now 10 years old and we present data that may provide a benchmark of perceptions of the working environment held by nurses working in mental health and learning disability settings. PMID:15876236

Dickens, G; Sugarman, P; Rogers, G

2005-06-01

326

News Note: Multi-center Study Validates ProPSA Test for Early Detection of Prostate Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Past studies have found a form of free PSA, called proenzyme PSA (pro-PSA), to be elevated in cancerous prostate tissue. Results from a multi-center study, supported by the NCI Early Detection Research Network (EDRN), have validated proPSA as a detector of early stage prostate cancer.

327

Gifts on a High Note: A Case Study of Major Donors to Music Programs in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an examination of the giving decision-making process, as well as the factors, characteristics, and motivators of major donors to music programs in higher education. The college and the conservatory of music selected for this study are part of large, public, doctoral, research universities in metropolitan areas with at least three…

Barascout, Roger

2012-01-01

328

Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to  

E-print Network

Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to maintain supervisor information for hourly paid work-study students. Work-Study jobs have an assigned supervisor when they are created

Guenther, Frank

329

[Study of hydrogen cyanide activity in various working environment in gold-mining industry].  

PubMed

The study concerned an influence of saline content of liquid phase of crushed ore and presence or absence of solution blending on the process of cyanic hydrogen release in air of working area gold-mining industry. PMID:18946905

Dedkova, L A; Dorogova, V B; Petrov, V F

2008-01-01

330

An epidemiological study of the magnitude and consequences of work related violence: the Minnesota Nurses' Study  

PubMed Central

Aims: To identify the magnitude of and potential risk factors for violence within a major occupational population. Methods: Comprehensive surveys were sent to 6300 Minnesota licensed registered (RNs) and practical (LPNs) nurses to collect data on physical and non-physical violence for the prior 12 months. Re-weighting enabled adjustment for potential biases associated with non-response, accounting for unknown eligibility. Results: From the 78% responding, combined with non-response rate information, respective adjusted rates per 100 persons per year (95% CI) for physical and non-physical violence were 13.2 (12.2 to 14.3) and 38.8 (37.4 to 40.4); assault rates were increased, respectively, for LPNs versus RNs (16.4 and 12.0) and males versus females (19.4 and 12.9). Perpetrators of physical and non-physical events were patients/clients (97% and 67%, respectively). Consequences appeared greater for non-physical than physical violence. Multivariate modelling identified increased rates for both physical and non-physical violence for working: in a nursing home/long term care facility; in intensive care, psychiatric/behavioural or emergency departments; and with geriatric patients. Conclusions: Results show that non-fatal physical assault and non-physical forms of violence, and relevant consequences, are frequent among both RNs and LPNs; such violence is mostly perpetrated by patients or clients; and certain environmental factors appear to affect the risk of violence. This serves as the basis for further analytical studies that can enable the development of appropriate prevention and control efforts. PMID:15150388

Gerberich, S; Church, T; McGovern, P; Hansen, H; Nachreiner, N; Geisser, M; Ryan, A; Mongin, S; Watt, G

2004-01-01

331

Advisory Note TREE HEALTH  

E-print Network

pest Advisory Note TREE HEALTH March 2007 Gypsy Moth Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantridae) Gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, is an important defoliator of a very wide range of trees and shrubs in mainland

332

Editor's Note (January 2006)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section provides notes from the field editor regarding several articles in the journal and offers anecdotes for making science available to all students, regardless of language, ability, and interest.

Ohana, Chris

2006-01-01

333

Lecture Notes Nalini Anantharaman  

E-print Network

Lecture Notes Nalini Anantharaman June 2007 Eigenfunctions of the laplacian on negatively curved.1 Mechanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1.1 Three approaches to classical to classical mechanics. The variational approach. The Maupertuis or Euler principle [M1744, E1744

Anantharaman, Nalini

334

A study of techniques of characterization in the work of Carson McCullers  

E-print Network

A STUDY OF TECHNIQUES OF CHARACTERIZATION IN THE WORK OF CARSON McCULLERS A Thesis Molcie Lou Rodenberger Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS May 1967 Major Subject: English A STUDY OF TECHNIQUES OF CHARACTERIZATION IN THE WORK OF CARSON McCULLERS A Thesis Molcie Lou Rodenberger Approved as to style and content by (Chai an of Committee) (Head of' epartment) (Member) (Member...

Rodenberger, Molcie Lou

2012-06-07

335

Some life lessons in the work place: personal narrative/case study.  

PubMed

Michael Schwartz, a lawyer deaf since birth, describes his journey as a professional for the last 32 years since his graduation from NYU School of Law in 1981. He offers a case study of his experiences with accommodations on the job as required by federal and state law. The study includes specific examples of what worked and what did not work for a deaf lawyer like him working at his craft. Schwartz wraps up with the lessons he learned over the last three decades as we moved from the model of non-compliance to that of compliance, even beyond compliance, with the mandates of law in the employment context. PMID:24284683

Schwartz, Michael A

2014-01-01

336

Confirmation Bias in Studies of Nestmate Recognition: A Cautionary Note for Research into the Behaviour of Animals  

PubMed Central

Confirmation bias is a tendency of people to interpret information in a way that confirms their expectations. A long recognized phenomenon in human psychology, confirmation bias can distort the results of a study and thus reduce its reliability. While confirmation bias can be avoided by conducting studies blind to treatment groups, this practice is not always used. Surprisingly, this is true of research in animal behaviour, and the extent to which confirmation bias influences research outcomes in this field is rarely investigated. Here we conducted a meta-analysis, using studies on nestmate recognition in ants, to compare the outcomes of studies that were conducted blind with those that were not. Nestmate recognition studies typically perform intra- and inter colony aggression assays, with the a priori expectation that there should be little or no aggression among nestmates. Aggressive interactions between ants can include subtle behaviours such as mandible flaring and recoil, which can be hard to quantify, making these types of assays prone to confirmation bias. Our survey revealed that only 29% of our sample of 79 studies were conducted blind. These studies were more likely to report aggression among nestmates if they were conducted blind (73%) than if they were not (21%). Moreover, we found that the effect size between nestmate and non-nestmate treatment means is significantly lower in experiments conducted blind than those in which colony identity is known (1.38 versus 2.76). We discuss the implications of the impact of confirmation bias for research that attempts to obtain quantitative synthesises of data from different studies. PMID:23372659

van Wilgenburg, Ellen; Elgar, Mark A.

2013-01-01

337

Mathematical Knowledge and School Work: A Case Study of the Teaching of Developing Mathematical Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considered the meaning that was given to knowing/doing mathematics in classrooms comprising the observational study conducted by the Wisconsin Center for Education Research during 1978-81. The study interprets the work of teachers and students, and considers what constitutes appropriate mathematical knowledge for children to learn. A…

Stephens, Walter Maxwell

338

Bachelor of Arts in Literary Studies Great works of literature do more than entertain our minds;  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Arts in Literary Studies Great works of literature do more than entertain our minds in literary circles are traditionally considered keepers of the world's stories. Careers in Literary Studies Graduates with a degree in literary studies enjoy careers in journalism, advertising or public relations

O'Toole, Alice J.

339

Night work and breast cancer risk in a general population prospective cohort study in The Netherlands.  

PubMed

Experimental studies in animals indicate that disruption of the circadian rhythm is carcinogenic, and night work has been suggested to be a probable breast cancer cause in humans. Findings among humans, however are inconsistent, often gathered with retrospective study designs, and only based on specific populations, such as nurses. We used data on night work collected in the Dutch Labor Force Surveys of 1996 until 2009, and individually linked these with National registers on hospital admission. Among 285,723 women without breast cancer at baseline, 2,531 had a hospital admission for breast cancer during an average of 7 years of follow up in the registers. Occasional and regular night work were not associated with the risk of hospital admission for breast cancer (adjusted hazard ratios 1.04; 95 % confidence interval 0.85-1.27, and 0.87; 0.72-1.05, respectively). Working more hours per week, or more years in a job entailing night work did not show increased breast cancer risks. Hazard ratios neither differed between nurses and women with other occupations. Our results show no association of night work with incident breast cancer, and suggest that night work generally does not increase the risk of breast cancer among women in the Dutch working population. PMID:25012051

Koppes, Lando L J; Geuskens, Goedele A; Pronk, Anjoeka; Vermeulen, Roel C H; de Vroome, Ernest M M

2014-08-01

340

Work and Income: A Follow-Up Study of Career Education Model IV Students. Case Study Report No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The followup study assessed employment variables among persons who had experienced the Comprehensive Residential Family Career Education Model IV of the Mountain-Plains program. The assessment was accomplished by focusing on the current status of former Mountain-Plains students with regard to work variables: income, satisfaction derived from work,…

Conrad, Rowan W.; And Others

341

Rethinking “Ethnicity” as structural–cultural project(s): notes on the interface between cultural studies and intercultural communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay contributes yet another perspective, both metatheoretical and methodological, to the dialogue about examining the relationship between ethnicity and communication. This essay argues for a reconsideration of ethnicity in terms of cultural studies and its emphasis on the interrelationship between structural and interactional aspects of identity. Our analyses of ethnicity should be framed as structural–cultural projects, each with its

Rona Tamiko Halualani

2000-01-01

342

Pushing Anthropology Past the PostsCritical notes on cultural anthropology and cultural studies as influenced by postmodernism and existentialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests that a critical analysis of postmodem and existentialist underpinnings reveals common political and ethical problems. These problems have an unsettling legacy in contemporary cultural anthro pology and cultural studies, especially for many of those who see themselves at the cutting edge of critically reflexive representations. Against this back ground, perspectives grounded in critical humanism are better at

Bruce M. Knauft

1994-01-01

343

Lower Level Mediation Effect Analysis in Two-Level Studies: A Note on a Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a didactic discussion of a multilevel covariance structure modeling approach to estimation of lowest level mediation effect indexes in two-level studies. The procedure is useful when addressing questions about relations among total and indirect effects between variables of interest while accounting for the hierarchical…

Raykov, Tenko; Mels, Gerhard

2007-01-01

344

Climate change impacts on working people (the HOTHAPS initiative): findings of the South African pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background It is now widely accepted that climate change is occurring as a result of the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere. With the prospect of a warmer world, increased attention is being devoted to the implications for worker well-being and work performance. Objectives The ‘high occupational temperature health and productivity suppression’ (HOTHAPS) programme is a multi-centre health research and prevention programme aimed at characterising and quantifying the extent to which working people are affected by, or adapt to, heat exposure while working. The main aim of the current South African pilot study was to look at the perceptions of outdoor workers regarding their work environment in hot weather and how this affected their health and productivity levels. Design A qualitative study utilising focus group discussions was employed in two sites, Johannesburg (which has a temperate climate) and Upington (located in the hottest part of South Africa). Results In summary, the pilot study demonstrated that especially in Upington, where daily maximum temperatures may reach +40°C, workers reported a wide range of heat-related effects, including sunburn, sleeplessness, irritability, and exhaustion leading to difficulty in maintaining work levels and output during very hot weather. Few, if any, measures were being undertaken by employers to protect health or improve worker comfort. Conclusion This pilot study has demonstrated that people working in sun-exposed conditions in hot parts of South Africa currently experience heat-related health effects, with implications for their well-being and ability to work and that further research is warranted. In this regard, the pilot study has proved valuable in informing the design, site, sample selection, and logistical planning for a proposed main study on the health and performance aspects of work in hot weather in South Africa. PMID:21139703

Mathee, Angela; Oba, Joy; Rose, Andre

2010-01-01

345

Overview of studies on rat sperm motion analysis using a Hamilton-Thorne Sperm Analyzer--collaborative working study.  

PubMed

This collaborative study was conducted to determine the utility and sensitivity of nine sperm motion parameters generated by a Hamilton-Thorne Sperm Analyzer (HTM-IVOS) for detecting adverse effects of chemicals on sperm motion in rats. The efficacy of sperm motion parameters was investigated using nine reproductive toxicants: adriamycin, alpha-chlorohydrin (3 different studies were carried out), dinoseb, ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, 2,5-hexanedione, sulfasalazine, trimethyl phosphate, and ornidazole. The percentage of motile sperm (% motile sperm), the only parameter expressing the status of semen containing non-motile sperm, detected adverse effects on sperm motion in 9 out of 10 studies. However, weak effects on sperm motion were not detected by this parameter in 4 out of 7 studies in which sperm motion disorders were noted at medium or low dosages. The percentage of progressively motile sperm (% progressive sperm) and the sperm velocity parameters (average path velocity, straight line velocity, and curvilinear velocity) detected adverse effects on sperm motion in all studies. In 7 studies which noted sperm motion disorders at medium or low dosages, weak effects on sperm motion were detected by the % progressive sperm in 5 studies and by the sperm velocity parameters in 6 studies. In 10 studies, amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH) did not detect adverse effects on sperm motion in 4 studies, and beat cross frequency (BCF) failed to detect adverse effects on sperm motion in 3 studies. Because ALH and BCF show the swimming pattern of spermatozoa as head movement, the characteristics of these parameters are different from the % progressive sperm and the sperm velocity parameters. Straightness (STR) and linearity (LIN), which are secondary parameters calculated from sperm velocity parameters, could not detect adverse effects on sperm motion when the sperm velocity parameters did not detect adverse effects. On the basis of these results, we concluded that the % progressive sperm and sperm velocity parameters are useful and sensitive indicators for detecting adverse effects on sperm motion. However, in the % progressive sperm, setting up a suitable threshold of VAP and/or STR is important to gain further sensitivity for detecting adverse effects on sperm motion. The % motile sperm is useful for assessment of sperm motion disorder, and ALH and BCF are useful for evaluating the swimming pattern of sperm. STR and LIN are not very useful for detecting adverse effects on sperm motion. PMID:11871125

Kato, M; Fukunishi, K; Ikegawa, S; Higuchi, H; Sato, M; Horimoto, M; Ito, S

2001-12-01

346

Respondent-Driven Sampling in a Study of Drug Users in New York City: Notes from the Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beth Israel Medical Center (BIMC), in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the New York State Department\\u000a of Health (NYSDOH), used respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in a study of HIV seroprevalence among drug users in New York City\\u000a in 2004. We report here on operational issues with RDS including recruitment, coupon distribution, storefront operations,\\u000a police and community relations,

Courtney McKnight; Don Des Jarlais; Heidi Bramson; Lisa Tower; Abu S. Abdul-Quader; Chris Nemeth; Douglas Heckathorn

2006-01-01

347

Effect of excipients on dissolution enhancement of aceclofenac solid dispersions studied using response surface methodology: a technical note.  

PubMed

The aim of present study was to enhance the dissolution rate of poorly water-soluble drug aceclofenac by solid dispersion technique using corn starch, dicalcium phosphate, lactose, and microcrystalline cellulose as carriers. Solid dispersions were prepared by solvent wetting method using 3(2) full factorial design for each of the carrier. The prepared solid dispersions were evaluated for differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and angle of repose. In vitro dissolution studies were carried out in phosphate buffer (pH 7.5) and 0.1 N HCl (pH 1.2). The results of solid state characterization bring to view that in solid dispersions the crystalline drug gets converted to its amorphous form. FTIR study results indicated the absence of interaction between aceclofenac and carriers. For prepared solid dispersions, angle of repose was found to be in the range of 26.19° to 35.29°, which indicates good flowability. Enhanced drug dissolution was obtained with carrier in order lactose > corn starch > microcrystalline cellulose > dicalcium phosphate. Hence, these carriers could be used to enhance the dissolution rate of poorly water-soluble drug. PMID:23674128

Kumar, Shobhit; Gupta, Satish Kumar

2014-03-01

348

The Influence of Practice Standards on Massage Therapists' Work Experience: A Phenomenological Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

This original research is framed in phenomenological methodology, based on interviews conducted and interpreted using qualitative research methods. The findings suggest that, because of both direct and indirect factors (such as the nebulous nature of the work, general isolation in work conditions, and physical concerns), massage therapists perform their work with multiple sources of ambiguity that are potentially anxiety-causing. Licensing offers potential relief for this anxiety, but also generates a new set of frustrations and work concerns. The new concerns include the potential that practice will change to adapt to non-relevant standards and the difficulty of defining a body of work that frequently defies a “one size fits all” categorization. This pilot study suggests several areas for further exploration and also demonstrates the generativity of phenomenological methodology for research related to massage therapy. PMID:21589709

Fortune, Luann D.; Gillespie, Elena

2010-01-01

349

Towards scar-free surgery: An analysis of the increasing complexity from laparoscopic surgery to NOTES  

PubMed Central

Background NOTES is an emerging technique for performing surgical procedures, such as cholecystectomy. Debate about its real benefit over the traditional laparoscopic technique is on-going. There have been several clinical studies comparing NOTES to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, no work has been done to compare these techniques from a Human Factors perspective. This study presents a systematic analysis describing and comparing different existing NOTES methods to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Videos of endoscopic/laparoscopic views from fifteen live cholecystectomies were analyzed to conduct a detailed task analysis of the NOTES technique. A hierarchical task analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and several hybrid transvaginal NOTES cholecystectomies was performed and validated by expert surgeons. To identify similarities and differences between these techniques, their hierarchical decomposition trees were compared. Finally, a timeline analysis was conducted to compare the steps and substeps. Results At least three variations of the NOTES technique were used for cholecystectomy. Differences between the observed techniques at the substep level of hierarchy and on the instruments being used were found. The timeline analysis showed an increase in time to perform some surgical steps and substeps in NOTES compared to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion As pure NOTES is extremely difficult given the current state of development in instrumentation design, most surgeons utilize different hybrid methods – combination of endoscopic and laparoscopic instruments/optics. Results of our hierarchical task analysis yielded an identification of three different hybrid methods to perform cholecystectomy with significant variability amongst them. The varying degrees to which laparoscopic instruments are utilized to assist in NOTES methods appear to introduce different technical issues and additional tasks leading to an increase in the surgical time. The NOTES continuum of invasiveness is proposed here as a classification scheme for these methods, which was used to construct a clear roadmap for training and technology development. PMID:24902811

Chellali, Amine; Schwaitzberg, Steven D.; Jones, Daniel B.; Romanelli, John; Miller, Amie; Rattner, David; Roberts, Kurt E.; Cao, Caroline G.L.

2014-01-01

350

Psychosocial factors at work and sickness absence in the Gazel cohort: a prospective study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To test whether psychosocial factors at work are predictors of rates of sickness absence. METHODS: The study population consisted of middle aged men and women employed by the French national electricity and gas company (EDF-GDF) in various occupations and followed up since 1989 by annual self administered questionnaires and independent data obtained from the medical and personnel departments of EDF-GDF. The 1995 questionnaire provided information about three psychosocial work factors: psychological demands, decision latitude, and social support at work. Sick-ness absence data were provided by the company's social security department. The occurrence of spells and days of absence in the 12 months after completion of the 1995 questionnaire was studied. Potential confounding variables were age, smoking, alcohol, and marital status, assessed in the 1995 questionnaire, and educational level and occupation, assessed from data provided by the personnel department. This study was restricted to the 12,555 subjects of the initial cohort who were still working and answered the self administered questionnaire in 1995. RESULTS: Low levels of decision latitude were associated with more frequent and longer sickness absences among men and women. Low levels of social support at work increased the numbers of spells and days of absence among men only. These associations weakened after adjustment for potential confounding factors, but remained significant. CONCLUSION: The study indicates that psychosocial factors at work, especially decision latitude, are predictive of sickness absence.   PMID:9924449

Niedhammer, I.; Bugel, I.; Goldberg, M.; Leclerc, A.; Gueguen, A.

1998-01-01

351

Fulfillment of Work-Life Balance From the Organizational Perspective: A Case Study  

PubMed Central

Context: Researchers studying work–life balance have examined policy development and implementation to create a family-friendly work environment from an individualistic perspective rather than from a cohort of employees working under the same supervisor. Objective: To investigate what factors influence work–life balance within the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I clinical setting from the perspective of an athletic training staff. Design: Qualitative study. Setting: Web-based management system. Patients or Other Participants: Eight athletic trainers (5 men, 3 women; age = 38 ± 7 years) in the NCAA Division I setting. Data Collection and Analysis: Participants responded to a series of questions by journaling their thoughts and experiences. We included data-source triangulation, multiple-analyst triangulation, and peer review to establish data credibility. We analyzed the data via a grounded theory approach. Results: Three themes emerged from the data. Family-oriented and supportive work environment was described as a workplace that fosters and encourages work–life balance through professionally and personally shared goals. Nonwork outlets included activities, such as exercise and personal hobbies, that provide time away from the role of the athletic trainer. Individualistic strategies reflected that although the athletic training staff must work together and support one another, each staff member must have his or her own personal strategies to manage personal and professional responsibilities. Conclusions: The foundation for a successful work environment in the NCAA Division I clinical setting potentially can center on the management style of the supervisor, especially one who promotes teamwork among his or her staff members. Although a family-friendly work environment is necessary for work–life balance, each member of the athletic training staff must have personal strategies in place to fully achieve a balance. PMID:24067152

Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Goodman, Ashley

2013-01-01

352

Fulfillment of Work-Life Balance From the Organizational Perspective: A Case Study.  

PubMed

Context :? Researchers studying work-life balance have examined policy development and implementation to create a family-friendly work environment from an individualistic perspective rather than from a cohort of employees working under the same supervisor. Objective :? To investigate what factors influence work-life balance within the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I clinical setting from the perspective of an athletic training staff. Design :? Qualitative study. Setting :? Web-based management system. Patients or Other Participants :? Eight athletic trainers (5 men, 3 women; age = 38 ± 7 years) in the NCAA Division I setting. Data Collection and Analysis :? Participants responded to a series of questions by journaling their thoughts and experiences. We included data-source triangulation, multiple analyst triangulation, and peer review to establish data credibility. We analyzed the data via a grounded theory approach. Results :? Three themes emerged from the data. Family-oriented and supportive work environment was described as a workplace that fosters and encourages work-life balance through professionally and personally shared goals. Nonwork outlets included activities, such as exercise and personal hobbies, that provide time away from the role of the athletic trainer. Individualistic strategies reflected that although the athletic training staff must work together and support one another, each staff member must have his or her own personal strategies to manage personal and professional responsibilities. Conclusions :? The foundation for a successful work environment in the NCAA Division I clinical setting potentially can center on the management style of the supervisor, especially one who promotes teamwork among his or her staff members. Although a family-friendly work environment is necessary for work-life balance, each member of the athletic training staff must have personal strategies in place to fully achieve a balance. PMID:23725516

Mazerolle, Stephanie M; Goodman, Ashley

2013-04-18

353

News Note: Long-term Results from Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene Shows Lower Toxicities of Raloxifene  

Cancer.gov

Initial results in 2006 of the NCI-sponsored Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) showed that a common osteoporosis drug, raloxifene, prevented breast cancer to the same degree, but with fewer serious side-effects, than the drug tamoxifen that had been in use many years for breast cancer prevention as well as treatment. The longer-term results show that raloxifene retained 76 percent of the effectiveness of tamoxifen in preventing invasive disease and grew closer to tamoxifen in preventing noninvasive disease, while remaining far less toxic – in particular, there was significantly less endometrial cancer with raloxifene use.

354

Note: A micro-perfusion system for use during real-time physiological studies under high pressure.  

PubMed

We construct a micro-perfusion system using piston screw pump generators for use during real-time, high-pressure physiological studies. Perfusion is achieved using two generators, with one generator being compressed while the other is retracted, thus maintaining pressurization while producing fluid flow. We demonstrate control over perfusion rates in the 10-?l/s range and the ability to change between fluid reservoirs at up to 50 MPa. We validate the screw-pump approach by monitoring the cyanide-induced response of UV-excited autofluorescence from Saccharomyces cerevisiae under pressurization. PMID:25362465

Maltas, Jeff; Long, Zac; Huff, Alison; Maloney, Ryan; Ryan, Jordan; Urayama, Paul

2014-10-01

355

Innovative approaches to exoplanet detection and characterization: Notes from the Nov 10-13 Keck Institute for Space Studies workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A four-day workshop was convened on November 10-13, 2009 by the Keck Institute for Space Studies and JPL to consider innovative approaches to detecting and characterizing exoplanets and planetary systems. The program and many of the presentations can be found online: . We present some of the observational strategies discussed in this workshop and summarize some of the issues associated with them. In particular, we will highlight some of the advantages and shortcomings of suborbital and orbital (e.g., ESPA rings) observing platforms in the context of exoplanet detection and characterization.

Young, Eliot; Traub, Wesley; Unwin, Stephen; Stapelfeldt, Karl

2010-05-01

356

Note: A micro-perfusion system for use during real-time physiological studies under high pressure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct a micro-perfusion system using piston screw pump generators for use during real-time, high-pressure physiological studies. Perfusion is achieved using two generators, with one generator being compressed while the other is retracted, thus maintaining pressurization while producing fluid flow. We demonstrate control over perfusion rates in the 10-?l/s range and the ability to change between fluid reservoirs at up to 50 MPa. We validate the screw-pump approach by monitoring the cyanide-induced response of UV-excited autofluorescence from Saccharomyces cerevisiae under pressurization.

Maltas, Jeff; Long, Zac; Huff, Alison; Maloney, Ryan; Ryan, Jordan; Urayama, Paul

2014-10-01

357

DESIGN NOTE: Technical problems encountered with the laser induced pressure pulse method in studies of high voltage cable insulators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The laser induced pressure wave propagation method is often used to measure the space charge distribution in solid insulators. This method gives rise to many advantages, so it is widely used both in industrial and in research laboratories. However, it is necessary to take some precautions before treating induced signals in order to minimize calculation errors. Here, some quantitative information about the effects of approximations and the technical problems arising from this method used to study cable insulators are presented. Data from semiconductor/polyethylene samples have been obtained. Some recommendations defining an appropriate experimental protocol of space charge measurement in high voltage cable insulators are given.

Malec, David

2000-05-01

358

STS-114: Engine Cut-Off Sensors Are a No-Go: Teaching Notes for NASA Case Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This case study format is intended to simulate the experience of facing the same difficult challenges and making the same critical decisions as managers, engineers, and scientists in the Space Shuttle Program. It has been designed for use in the classroom setting to help students develop skills related to decision-making. Students will read about the engine cut-off sensor anomaly which created challenges during the STS-114 mission and have the opportunity to make decisions as lead NASA engineers and Mission Management Team members. Included within this document are three case study presentation options - class discussion, group activity, and open-ended research. Please read the full case prior to in-class presentation to allow ample time for students' analysis and reflection, as well as to prepare additional questions. activities or exercises, material selection, etc. Depending upon the setting of your presentation and the number of participants, please choose at least one presentation format beforehand and plan accordingly. You may expect the following learning objectives by using the proposed formats. Learning Objectives: To enable students to experience the responsibilities of NASA management, engineers, and analysis; to discover possible procedures for investigating system anomalies; to become familiar with the liquid hydrogen low level engine cut-off sensor, including its function, connecting components, and location within the Space Shuttle; and to encourage critical analysis and stimulating discussion of Space Shuttle mission challenges.

Ransom, Khadijah S.; Johnson, Grace K.

2013-01-01

359

Work factors and psychological distress in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses' aides (assistant nurses), the main providers of practical patient care in many countries, are doing both emotional and heavy physical work, and are exposed to frequent social encounters in their job. There is scarce knowledge, though, of how working conditions are related to psychological distress in this occupational group. The aim of this study was to identify work factors that predict the level of psychological distress in nurses' aides. Methods The sample of this prospective study comprised 5076 Norwegian nurses' aides, not on leave when they completed a mailed questionnaire in 1999. Of these, 4076 (80.3 %) completed a second questionnaire 15 months later. A wide spectrum of physical, psychological, social, and organisational work factors were measured at baseline. Psychological distress (anxiety and depression) was assessed at baseline and follow-up by the SCL-5, a short version of Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25. Results In a linear regression model of the level of psychological distress at follow-up, with baseline level of psychological distress, work factors, and background factors as independent variables, work factors explained 2 % and baseline psychological distress explained 34 % of the variance. Exposures to role conflicts, exposures to threats and violence, working in apartment units for the aged, and changes in the work situation between baseline and follow-up that were reported to result in less support and encouragement were positively associated with the level of psychological distress. Working in psychiatric departments, and changes in the work situation between baseline and follow-up that gave lower work pace were negatively associated with psychological distress. Conclusion The study suggests that work factors explain only a modest part of the psychological distress in nurses' aides. Exposures to role conflicts and threats and violence at work may contribute to psychological distress in nurses' aides. It is important that protective measures against violent patients are implemented, and that occupational health officers offer victims of violence appropriate support or therapy. It is also important that health service organisations focus on reducing role conflicts, and that leaders listen to and consider the views of the staff. PMID:17132172

Eriksen, Willy; Tambs, Kristian; Knardahl, Stein

2006-01-01

360

Work factors as predictors of sickness absence: a three month prospective study of nurses' aides  

PubMed Central

Aims: To identify the work factors that predict sickness absence in nurses' aides. Methods: The sample comprised 5563 Norwegian nurses' aides, not on leave because of illness or pregnancy when they completed a mailed questionnaire in 1999. Of these, 4931 (88.6%) completed a second questionnaire three months later. The outcome measure was the three month incidence proportion of certified sickness absence (>3 days), as assessed by self reports at follow up. Results: Perceived lack of encouraging and supportive culture in the work unit (odds ratio (OR) 1.73; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.28 to 2.34), working in psychiatric and paediatric wards, having injured the neck in an accident, and health complaints were associated with higher risk of sickness absence, after adjustments for a series of physical, psychological, and organisational work factors, personal engagement in the work unit, demographic characteristics, and daily consumption of cigarettes. Having untraditional jobs (for nurses' aides) (OR 0.53; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.77), and engaging in aerobics or gym were associated with a lower risk of sickness absence. Conclusions: The study suggests that the three month effects of work factors on rates of certified sickness absence are modest in nurses' aides. The most important work factor, in terms of predicting sickness absence, seems to be perceived lack of encouraging and supportive culture in the work unit. PMID:12660375

Eriksen, W; Bruusgaard, D; Knardahl, S

2003-01-01

361

Detecting within- and between-day manifestations of neuromuscular fatigue at work: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

Cumulative neuromuscular fatigue may result from exposure to physically demanding work, such as repetitive and/or sustained work with insufficient recovery. The aims of this exploratory study were to develop a battery of field usable fatigue measures and to document hand/arm fatigue in physically demanding work over multiple workdays and after a weekend break. Sixteen plumbers were observed for five days and measures of handgrip force, variability, tremor and discomfort were obtained pre-, mid- and post-shift. This exploratory study demonstrated increasing fatigue of the hand/arm over the day and persistent fatigue from Tuesday to Friday, and that a number of the measures did not return to baseline values following a weekend break. The findings provide preliminary evidence of cumulative fatigue in residential plumbing and insight into neuromuscular fatigue measurement. However, further work is needed to develop and refine a set of fatigue measures to detect neuromuscular fatigue at the workplace. PMID:24998392

Yung, Marcus; Bigelow, Philip L; Hastings, Darnell M; Wells, Richard P

2014-10-01

362

Let me note at the outset that Literary and Artistic Studies Subcommittee approved of these courses for the very reason that they included "or consent of the instructor" on their prerequisite listing. I was on the  

E-print Network

GG, Let me note at the outset that Literary and Artistic Studies Subcommittee approved. In fact, well over one-third of the students in Gay and Lesbian Studies come from disciplines other than and lesbian studies unable to qualify as foundational for purposes of general education. How many students

Vonessen, Nikolaus

363

Korean working mothers' parenting style in Korea and in the United STates: a qualitative comparative study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore the similarities and differences of cultural influences on the parenting styles of Korean working mothers who live in South Korea versus Korean American working mothers living in the U.S. Four major themes were identified: (a) expression of affection for children, (b) parental control, (c) feelings for children, and (d) feelings for themselves. The findings indicate that acculturation to the American culture affected the Korean American working mothers to grant higher self-regulation to their children and to have more positive feelings for their children and themselves. PMID:24855813

Im, Hyesang; Kim, Eunjung; Sung, Kyungsuk

2014-01-01

364

Ethnographic study of ICT-supported collaborative work routines in general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Health informatics research has traditionally been dominated by experimental and quasi-experimental designs. An emerging area of study in organisational sociology is routinisation (how collaborative work practices become business-as-usual). There is growing interest in the use of ethnography and other in-depth qualitative approaches to explore how collaborative work routines are enacted and develop over time, and how electronic patient records

Deborah Swinglehurst; Trisha Greenhalgh; Michelle Myall; Jill Russell

2010-01-01

365

A Study on the Transition from School to the World of Work in Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school-to-work transition in Korea was examined in a comprehensive study that included an overview of the realities of the school-to-work transition in Korea and a survey of 694 Koreans aged 15-29 years who had completed high school. The sample included 366 respondents who were in enrolled in a two-year college or higher level of postsecondary…

Chang, Wonsup

366

Work engagement and financial returns : a diary study on the role of job and personal resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how daily fluctuations in job resources (autonomy, coaching, and team climate) are related to employees' levels of personal resources (self-efficacy, self- esteem, and optimism), work engagement, and financial returns. Forty-two employees working in three branches of a fast-food company completed a questionnaire and a diary booklet over 5 consecutive workdays. Consistent with hypotheses, multi-level analyses revealed that

Despoina Xanthopoulou; Arnold B. Bakker; Evangelia Demerouti; Wilmar B. Schaufeli

2009-01-01

367

More Students Seek Campus Jobs as Work-Study Positions Dwindle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more college students are relying on part- or full-time work to help pay for their education, federally financed work-study jobs are becoming harder to find. The percentage of freshmen who planned to hold full-time jobs while in college jumped to 4.7 percent this year, from 2.7 percent in 2000. But as more students are seeking jobs, federal…

Lipka, Sara

2007-01-01

368

Long Working Hours and Subsequent Use of Psychotropic Medicine: A Study Protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Mental ill health is the most frequent cause of long-term sickness absence and disability retirement in Denmark. Some instances of mental ill health might be due to long working hours. A recent large cross-sectional study of a general working population in Norway found that not only “very much overtime”, but also “moderate overtime” (41-48 work hours/week) was significantly associated with increased levels of both anxiety and depression. These findings have not been sufficiently confirmed in longitudinal studies. Objective The objective of the study is to give a detailed plan for a research project aimed at investigating the possibility of a prospective association between weekly working hours and use of psychotropic medicine in the general working population of Denmark. Methods People from the general working population of Denmark have been surveyed, at various occasions in the time period 1995-2010, and interviewed about their work environment. The present study will link interview data from these surveys to national registers covering all inhabitants of Denmark. The participants will be followed for the first occurrence of redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medicine. Poisson regression will be used to analyze incidence rates as a function of weekly working hours (32-40; 41-48; > 48 hours/week). The analyses will be controlled for gender, age, sample, shift work, and socioeconomic status. According to our feasibility studies, the statistical power is sufficient and the exposure is stable enough to make the study worth the while. Results The publication of the present study protocol ends the design phase of the project. In the next phase, the questionnaire data will be forwarded to Statistics Denmark where they will be linked to data on deaths, migrations, socioeconomic status, and redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medication. We expect the analysis to be completed by the end of 2014 and the results to be published mid 2015. Conclusions The proposed project will be free from hindsight bias, since all hypotheses and statistical models are completely defined, peer-reviewed, and published before we link the exposure data to the outcome data. The results of the project will indicate to what extent and in what direction the national burden of mental ill health in Denmark has been influenced by long working hours. PMID:25239125

Albertsen, Karen

2014-01-01

369

The Causal Effect of Federal Work-Study Participation: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1964, the Federal Work-Study (FWS) program has provided funds to subsidize the wages of student employees, but it has never been studied directly. I use an instrumental variables difference-in-difference framework with administrative data from West Virginia to identify causal effects, comparing eligible and ineligible students across…

Scott-Clayton, Judith

2011-01-01

370

Working People and Lifelong Learning. A Study of the Impact of an Employee Development Scheme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British study verified whether the educational participation of Ford Motor Company's manual workers significantly increased following introduction of the Employee Development and Assistance Program (EDAP) and identified the features that contributed to its success. Over the past 15 years, studies of working class adults' educational…

Beattie, Andy

371

Toward the standardization of use-wear studies: constructing an analogue to prehistoric hide work  

E-print Network

This thesis is a use-wear study that deals with microwear on stone endscrapers used on one worked material: animal skins. The first part of the study defines and describes the process of rendering freshly skinned pelts into functional leather...

Wiederhold, James Edward

2004-09-30

372

Liberal Studies in Hong Kong: A New Perspective on Critical Thinking through Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports research that is contextualised within reforms of secondary education in Hong Kong and the reintroduction of Liberal Studies, which jointly emphasise the need for a learning environment that facilitates the practice of group work and the development of critical thinking. A study is described that explores the relevance of…

Fung, Dennis; Howe, Christine

2012-01-01

373

On the study of phonological working memory: A specific relative weakness in children with Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not all children acquire language easily and well. The study of language disorders in children represents an attempt at applying the findings on normal language acquisition to solve a practical problem in children experiencing difficulty in both learning and using language. This study was aimed at investigating the phonological working memory, known as the most significant aspect of speech perception

Jila Naeini

374

Two Types of Learning Environment: Enabling and Constraining a Study of Care Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to first elaborate on the notion of a learning environment based on an empirical study of care work. Second, to explore how aspects of a learning environment may differ between and within units in the same organization, and how to understand and explain such differences. Design/methodology/approach: The study

Ellstrom, Eva; Ekholm, Bodil; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2008-01-01

375

The Role of the Directorate of Studies in the Legislative Work of the Hellenic Parliament.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of the Directorate of Studies in the legislative work of the Hellenic Parliament (Greece). The first section describes the establishment and organization of the Directorate of Studies, which consists of three departments: the department for the elaboration of bills and law proposals, the department for parliamentary…

Vassilouni, Stavroula

376

Contributions of Early Work-Based Learning: A Case Study of First Year Pharmacy Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Generally work-based learning opportunities are only offered to students in their penultimate year of undergraduate study. Little is known about the benefits and shortcomings of such experiential learning for students in the early stages of their undergraduate education. This is a mixed method study investigating first year undergraduate pharmacy…

Ting, Kang Nee; Wong, Kok Thong; Thang, Siew Ming

2009-01-01

377

Finding a Balance: Fifteen Institutional Case Studies on the Relationship between Part-Time Work and Advanced Level Study. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents and discusses case studies that examined the relationship between part-time employment and advanced level study at 15 schools in Essex, England. "Foreword" (David Jones) provides a brief overview of the project. "Finding a Balance--Fifteen Institutional Case Studies on the Relationship between Part-time Work and Advanced…

Hodgson, Ann, Ed.; Spours, Ken, Ed.

378

VOLUMESERIES: a software tool for target volume follow-up studies with computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Technical note.  

PubMed

In clinical follow-up studies after radiosurgery, imaging modalities such as computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are used. Accurate determination of the residual lesion volume is necessary for realistic assessment of the effects of treatment. Usually, the diameters rather than the volume of the lesion are measured. To determine the lesion volume without using stereotactically defined images, the software program VOLUMESERIES has been developed. VOLUMESERIES is a personal computer-based image analysis tool. Acquired DICOM CT scans and MR image series can be visualized. The region of interest is contoured with the help of the mouse, and then the system calculates the volume of the contoured region and the total volume is given in cubic centimeters. The defined volume is also displayed in reconstructed sagittal and coronal slices. In addition, distance measurements can be performed to measure tumor extent. The accuracy of VOLUMESERIES was checked against stereotactically defined images in the Leksell GammaPlan treatment planning program. A discrepancy in target volumes of approximately 8% was observed between the two methods. This discrepancy is of lesser interest because the method is used to determine the course of the target volume over time, rather than the absolute volume. Moreover, it could be shown that the method was more sensitive than the tumor diameter measurements currently in use. VOLUMESERIES appears to be a valuable tool for assessing residual lesion volume on follow-up images after gamma knife radiosurgery while avoiding the need for stereotactic definition. PMID:11143250

Scheib, S G; Gianolini, S; Haller, D; Wellis, G N; Siegfried, J

2000-12-01

379

1 ACIT Meeting Notes Advisory Committee for Information Technology  

E-print Network

1 ACIT Meeting Notes Advisory Committee for Information Technology Meeting Notes MEETING DATE: 4. This is the most critical work stream and highest risk at this time. There are multiple work streams that depend timeline do to the rework and dependency between maps. Standard Operation Procedures which give more detail

California at Santa Cruz, University of

380

Technical Note: Application of positive matrix factor analysis in heterogeneous kinetics studies utilizing the mixed-phase relative rates technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mixed-phase relative rates approach for determining aerosol particle organic heterogeneous reaction kinetics is often performed utilizing mass spectral tracers as a proxy for particle-phase reactant concentration. However, this approach may be influenced by signal contamination from oxidation products during the experiment. In the current study, the mixed-phase relative rates technique has been improved by combining a positive matrix factor (PMF) analysis with electron ionization aerosol mass spectrometry (unit-mass resolution), thereby removing the influence of m / z fragments from reaction products on the reactant signals. To demonstrate the advantages of this approach, the heterogeneous reaction between OH radicals and citric acid (CA) was investigated using a photochemical flow tube coupled to a compact time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer (C-ToF-AMS). The measured heterogeneous rate constant (k2) of citric acid toward OH was (3.31 ± 0.29) × 10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 at 298 K and (30 ± 3)% relative humidity (RH) and was several times greater than the results utilizing individual m / z fragments. This phenomenon was further evaluated for particulate-phase organophosphates (triphenyl phosphate (TPhP), tris-1,3-dichloro-2-propyl phosphate (TDCPP) and tris-2-ethylhexyl phosphate (TEHP)), leading to k2 values significantly larger than previously reported. The results suggest that heterogeneous kinetics can be significantly underestimated when the structure of the products is highly similar to the reactant and when a non-molecular tracer is measured with a unit-mass resolution aerosol mass spectrometer. The results also suggest that the heterogeneous lifetime of organic aerosol in models can be overestimated due to underestimated OH uptake coefficients. Finally, a comparison of reported rate constants implies that the heterogeneous oxidation of aerosols will be dependent upon a number of factors related to the reaction system, and that a single rate constant for one system cannot be universally applied under all conditions.

Liu, Y.; Li, S.-M.; Liggio, J.

2014-09-01

381

Work plan addendum for the remedial investigation and feasibility study of the Salmon Site  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended as an addendum to the Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Work Plan for the Salmon Site (SS) (formerly the Tatum Dome Test Site) Lamar County, Mississippi. The original work plan - Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study of the Tatum Dome Test Site, Lamar County, Mississippi (herein after called the Work Plan) was approved by the state of Mississippi in 1992 and was intended as the operative document for investigative activities at the Tatum Dome Test Site. Subsequent to the approval of the document a series of activities were undertaken under the auspices of the work plan. This document is organized in the same manner as the original work plan: (1) Introduction; (2) Site Background and History; (3) Initial Evaluation; (4) Data Quality Objectives; (5) RI/FS Tasks; (6) Project Schedule; (7) Project Management; and (8) Reference. This addendum will identify changes to the original work plan that are necessary because of additional information acquired at the SS. This document is not intended to replace the work plan, rather, it is intended to focus the remaining work in the context of additional site knowledge gained since the development of the original work plan. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a focused and phased site characterization as a part, of the RI/FS. The RI/FS is the methodology under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) for evaluating hazardous waste sites on the National Priorities List (NPL). The SS is not listed on the NPL, but DOE has voluntarily elected to conduct the evaluation of the SS in accordance with CERCLA.

NONE

1995-11-01

382

"Inclusive working life in Norway": a registry-based five-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background In 2001, the Norwegian authorities and major labour market partners signed an agreement regarding ‘inclusive working life’ (IW), whereby companies that participate are committed to reducing sickness absence. Our main aim was to determine the effect of the IW program and work characteristics by gender on long-term (>8 weeks) sickness absence (LSA). Methods Self-reported data on work characteristics from the Oslo Health Study were linked to registry-based data on IW status, education and LSA. From 2001–2005, 10,995 participants (5,706 women and 5,289 men) aged 30, 40, 45 and 60 years were followed. A Cox regression was used to compute hazard ratios (HR) for LSA risk. The cohort was divided into an IW group (2,733 women and 2,058 men) and non-IW group (2,973/3,231). Results 43.2% and 41.6% of women and 22.3%/24.3% of men (IW / non-IW, respectively) experienced at least one LSA. In a multivariate model, statistically significant risk factors for LSA were low education (stronger in men), shift work/night work or rotating hours (strongest in men in the non-IW group), and heavy physical work or work involving walking and lifting (men only and stronger in the non-IW group). Among men who engaged in shift work, the LSA risk was significantly lower in the IW group. Conclusions Our results could suggest that IW companies that employ many men in shift work have implemented relevant efforts for reducing sickness absence. However, this study could not demonstrate a significant effect of the IW program on the overall LSA risk. PMID:23829467

2013-01-01

383

Work-related burn injuries in Ontario, Canada: a follow-up 10-year retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Work-related burn injuries contribute to a quarter of all burn injuries in USA. In 2009, the provincial Workplace Safety and Insurance Board reported 64,824 work-related injuries that resulted in time-lost, 1188 injuries (2%) were a result of burns. There have been two previous studies performed at a regional burn centre (1984-1990 and 1998-2000) looking at incidence and characteristics of work-related burns. There was no significant change between these two groups. The purpose of this study was to identify the recent pattern of work-related burns from 2001 to 2010 and to compare it to the previous studies. During the study period, 1427 patients were admitted for an acute injury to the regional burn centre. Of these, 330 were due to a work-related incident (23%). The mean age of patients was 40.5±11.9 years, 95% were male. The mean total body surface area burn was 11.9±16.2%. The most common mechanism of burn injury was flame (32.7%) followed by electrical (27%) and scald (19.7%), inhalation injury was present in 4.8% of patients and the mortality was 1.8%. Our study has shown that there has been a significant decrease in the incidence in work-related burns treated at the regional burn centre (23.1%, vs. 28.2% vs. 30.2% p<0.01), flame burns have now become the leading cause of injury, there was a significant reduction in inhalation injury (4.8% vs. 23% vs. 14.8%, p<0.00001), and mortality overtime (1.8%, vs. 4% vs. 6.7% p=0.02). These findings strongly suggests a change in the cause of work-related burns, improvement in burn care, and that prevention strategies may have been more effective. PMID:23352030

Clouatre, Elsa; Gomez, Manuel; Banfield, Joanne; Jeschke, Marc G

2013-01-01

384

A nested case-control study of fatal work related injuries among Brazilian steel workers.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the relative risk of death from work related injury in a steelworks, associated with exposure to various occupational hazards, sociodemographic factors, and medical history. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a nested case-control design. It was based on a cohort of men employed in the steel plant of USIMINAS, Brazil between January 1977 and August 1990, who were followed up to November 1992. The cases were defined as all workers in the cohort who died from injury in the study period and whose death had been notified to the Brazilian Ministry of Labour as being related to work. Four controls per case, matched to cases on year of birth, were randomly selected from among workers employed in the plant at the time of death of the matching case. Data on potential risk factors for occupational injury were extracted from company records; for the controls these data were abstracted for the period preceding the death of the matching case. RESULTS: There were 37 deaths related to work injuries during the study period. Four surviving workers were selected as controls for each case, but for eight the personnel records were incomplete, leaving 140 controls in all. Significantly increased risk of fatal injury related to work was associated with exposure to noise, heat, dust and fumes, gases and vapours, rotating shift work, being a manual worker, and working in the steel mill, coke ovens, blast furnaces, and energy and water supply areas. Risk of fatal injury related to work increased with intensity of exposure to noise (P (trend) = 0.004) and heat (P < 0.001), and increased greatly with a hazard score that combined information on noise, heat, dust, and gas exposure (P < 0.001). Number of years of schooling (P = 0.03) and salary level (P = 0.03) were both negatively associated with risk. In a multivariate analysis including all these significant factors, only hazard score and area of work remained associated with death from injury related to work. The highest risks were for men exposed to all four environmental hazards (odds ratio (OR) 19.4; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.1 to 352.1) and those working in the energy supply area (OR 18.0; 1.6 to 198.1). CONCLUSIONS: The study identified parts of the steelworks and types of hazard associated with greatly increased risk of fatal accident. Research and measures to prevent accidents need to concentrate on these areas and the people working in them. The use of a hazard score was successful in identifying high risk, and similar scoring might prove useful in other industrial situations. PMID:9326164

Barreto, S M; Swerdlow, A J; Smith, P G; Higgins, C D

1997-01-01

385

Progress notes model.  

PubMed Central

The largest part of the medical record today consists of notes documenting the care delivered to patients and the clinical events relevant to diagnosis and treatment. These "progress notes" serve as the repository of medical facts and clinical thinking, and are intended as a concise vehicle of communication about a patient's condition to those who access the health record. They should be readable, easily understood, complete, accurate, and concise. They must also be flexible enough to logically convey to others what happened during an encounter, e.g., the chain of events during the visit, as well as guaranteeing full accountability for documented material, e.g., who recorded the information and when it was recorded. This paper describes a model for progress notes, which addresses the above needs, and outlines the rationale and principles which led to that model. PMID:9357579

Aghili, H.; Mushlin, R. A.; Williams, R. M.; Rose, J. S.

1997-01-01

386

Effect of rotating shift work on childbearing and birth weight: a study of women working in a semiconductor manufacturing factory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Stable circadian rhythm is important for both maternal and fetal health. This retrospective analysis of women in a semiconductor\\u000a factory evaluated the effect of shift work exposure on childbearing and birth weight.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Records of 440 female employees (initial mean age: 28.4 years) including 111 mothers who had 158 live births during the period\\u000a of observation (1997–2007) were reviewed. The data

Yu-Cheng Lin; Mei-Huei Chen; Chia-Jung Hsieh; Pau-Chung Chen

2011-01-01

387

An fMRI study of phonological and spatial working memory using identical stimuli.  

PubMed

The aim of the present fMRI study was to localize brain areas that were uniquely activated for phonological versus spatial working memory. Previous studies have reported inconsistent results, most likely because of methodological heterogeneity varying both stimuli and instructions in the same study. Here, identical consonant-vowel-consonant non-words were visually presented to the subjects in a 2-back paradigm under two different instructions; the subjects either had to memorize the non-words per se or their location. The results give evidence for a hemispheric organization of working memory, with dominance for processing of phonological information in the left hemisphere and frontal cortex, and spatial information in the right hemisphere and parietal cortex. The results also reflect a certain overlap between the neuronal network for working memory and processing of verbal and spatial material. These findings are discussed with regard to processing specificity and the extent that activated areas also may reflect perceptual processes. PMID:18705673

Lycke, Christine; Specht, Karsten; Ersland, Lars; Hugdahl, Kenneth

2008-10-01

388

Living a calling and work well-being: A longitudinal study.  

PubMed

The current study examined the link between living a calling and career commitment, work meaning, and job satisfaction with a diverse group of working adults at 3 time points over a 6-month period. Using structural equation modeling, 3 models were tested that hypothesized that living a calling would predict career commitment, work meaning, and job satisfaction over time. However, counter to hypotheses, living a calling was best positioned as an outcome of each of these variables. Specifically, living a calling at Time 2 and Time 3 was significantly predicted by career commitment, work meaning, and job satisfaction at Time 1 and Time 2, respectively. Time 2 living a calling did predict Time 3 work career commitment and work meaning, but these effects were small. Results suggest that over time, individuals who feel committed to their career, derive more meaning from their work, and are more satisfied with their jobs are more likely to feel they are living a calling. Practical implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25181588

Duffy, Ryan D; Allan, Blake A; Autin, Kelsey L; Douglass, Richard P

2014-10-01

389

A Study on the Perfectionist Personality Traits and Empathic Tendencies of Working and Non-Working Adolescents across Different Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted with the goal of examining the perfectionist personality traits and empathic tendencies of adolescents between the ages of 15 and 17. The study group consisted of 531 children attending a vocational education center and two general high schools located in the city center of Kayseri, Turkey. Data for this study were…

Koksal Akyol, Aysel; Sali, Günes

2013-01-01

390

from the Association of Directors of Social Work, the Social Work Services Inspectorate and the Nuffield Centre for Community Care Studies  

E-print Network

newsletter from the Association of Directors of Social Work, the Social Work Services Inspectorate and the Nuffield Centre for Community Care Studies Issue 3 June 2003 ISSN 1478-9469 in this issue . . . The Adults and carers A new vision for social policy and 5 mental health? The mental health bill: 8 A psychiatrist

Mottram, Nigel

391

UC Berkeley Lab Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at Berkeley College of Engineering publishes Lab Notes, a newsletter from the Public Affairs Office. The mission is "to illuminate groundbreaking research underway today at the College of Engineering that will dramatically change our lives tomorrow." Lab Notes is available online free of charge. Articles in the November 2004 issue highlight robot technology, satellite communications, and a radio observatory project. Each short article includes images or videos and links to related articles and researchers' websites. Previous issues are saved in an online archive.

392

Healthcare workers' attitudes to working during pandemic influenza: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare workers (HCWs) will play a key role in any response to pandemic influenza, and the UK healthcare system's ability to cope during an influenza pandemic will depend, to a large extent, on the number of HCWs who are able and willing to work through the crisis. UK emergency planning will be improved if planners have a better understanding of the reasons UK HCWs may have for their absenteeism, and what might motivate them to work during an influenza pandemic. This paper reports the results of a qualitative study that explored UK HCWs' views (n = 64) about working during an influenza pandemic, in order to identify factors that might influence their willingness and ability to work and to identify potential sources of any perceived duty on HCWs to work. Methods A qualitative study, using focus groups (n = 9) and interviews (n = 5). Results HCWs across a range of roles and grades tended to feel motivated by a sense of obligation to work through an influenza pandemic. A number of significant barriers that may prevent them from doing so were also identified. Perceived barriers to the ability to work included being ill oneself, transport difficulties, and childcare responsibilities. Perceived barriers to the willingness to work included: prioritising the wellbeing of family members; a lack of trust in, and goodwill towards, the NHS; a lack of information about the risks and what is expected of them during the crisis; fear of litigation; and the feeling that employers do not take the needs of staff seriously. Barriers to ability and barriers to willingness, however, are difficult to separate out. Conclusion Although our participants tended to feel a general obligation to work during an influenza pandemic, there are barriers to working, which, if generalisable, may significantly reduce the NHS workforce during a pandemic. The barriers identified are both barriers to willingness and to ability. This suggests that pandemic planning needs to take into account the possibility that staff may be absent for reasons beyond those currently anticipated in UK planning documents. In particular, staff who are physically able to attend work may nonetheless be unwilling to do so. Although there are some barriers that cannot be mitigated by employers (such as illness, transport infrastructure etc.), there are a number of remedial steps that can be taken to lesson the impact of others (providing accommodation, building reciprocity, provision of information and guidance etc). We suggest that barriers to working lie along an ability/willingness continuum, and that absenteeism may be reduced by taking steps to prevent barriers to willingness becoming perceived barriers to ability. PMID:19216738

Ives, Jonathan; Greenfield, Sheila; Parry, Jayne M; Draper, Heather; Gratus, Christine; Petts, Judith I; Sorell, Tom; Wilson, Sue

2009-01-01

393

Attending work or not when sick - what makes the decision? A qualitative study among car mechanics  

PubMed Central

Background High prevalence of sickness absence in countries with generous welfare schemes has generated debates on mechanisms that may influence workers’ decisions about calling in sick for work. Little is known about the themes at stake during the decision-making process for reaching the choice of absence or attendance when feeling ill. The aim of the study was to examine decisions of absence versus attendance among car mechanics when feeling ill. Methods Interviews with 263 male car mechanics from 19 companies were used for the study, analysed by systematic text condensation and presented as descriptions and quotations of experiences and opinions. Results Three major themes were at stake during the decision-making process: 1) Experienced degree of illness, focusing on the present health condition and indicators of whether you are fit for work or not; 2) daily life habits, where attending work was a daily routine, often learned from childhood; 3) the importance of the job, with focus on the importance of work, colleagues, customers and work environment. Conclusions The car mechanics expressed a strong will to attend work in spite of illness. Knowledge about attitudes and dilemmas in reaching the decision regarding sickness absence or sickness attendance is useful in the prevention of sickness absence. PMID:22994972

2012-01-01

394

Possibilities for Cooperation: Whitman County Nine School District Study by Citizen Work/Study Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exemplary $20,000 study, funded by the Washington state legislature in 1985, permitted nine small rural farm-oriented school districts in Whitman County to determine the need for and possible options of collaboration and cooperation. The study embodied major components that could serve as a model for similar planning efforts. The study was…

Young, Raymond J.; And Others

395

Work Productivity in Scleroderma - Analysis from the UCLA Scleroderma Quality of Life Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the productivity of patients with scleroderma (SSc) both outside and within the home in a large observational cohort. Methods 162 patients completed the Work Productivity Survey. Patients indicated whether or not they were employed outside of the home, how many days/month they missed work (employment or household work) due to SSc and how many days/month productivity was decreased ? 50%. Patients also completed other patient-reported outcome measures. We developed binomial regression models to assess the predictors of days missed from work (paid employment or household activities). The covariates included: type of SSc, education, physician and patient global assessments, HAQ-DI, FACIT-Fatigue, and Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale – Short Form (CESD). Results The average age of patients was 51.8 years and 51% had limited SSc. Of 37% patients employed outside of the home, patients reported missing 2.6 days/month of work and had 2.5 days per month productivity reduced by half. Of the 102 patients who were not employed, 39.4% were unable to work due to their SSc. When we assessed patients for household activities (N = 162), patients missed an average of 8 days of housework/month and had productivity reduced by average of 6 days/month. In the regression models, patients with lower education and poor assessment of overall health by physician were more likely to miss work outside the home. Patients with limited SSc and high HAQ-DI were more likely to miss work at home. Conclusion SSc has a major impact on productivity at home and at work. Nearly 40% of patients reported disability due to their SSc. PMID:22012885

Singh, Manjit K.; Clements, Philip J.; Furst, Daniel E.; Maranian, Paul; Khanna, Dinesh

2011-01-01

396

Where, When and What? A Time Study of Surgeons' Work in Urology  

PubMed Central

Introduction Staff time is a relevant resource in the delivery of health care interventions. Its measurement is a prerequisite for unit costing but usually complex. The aim of this study was to analyse the distribution of surgeons' work time among types and places of activities. A second aim was to use these data to calculate costs per unit of output. Methods A self-reporting work sampling study was carried out at a department of Urology. All of twelve surgeons involved in clinical care participated in a two-week analysis of their work time. Results A total of 2,485 data-points were collected, representing about 1,242 hours of work time. Surgeons spent the greater part of their work time in direct patient care, but substantial shares were required for documentation and organisation. Assistants were mainly required at the wards and consultants at the operating theatre and the outpatient unit. Staff costs of surgeons were 32 € and 29 € per patient day at the wards, respectively, 1.30 € per minute at the operating theatre and 32 € per visit at the outpatient unit. Conclusion Results provided a basis for costing of health care interventions at the study site. However, future research should focus on the establishment of standardised terminology in order to increase transferability of results. PMID:24664214

Wolff, Jan; McCrone, Paul; Auber, Gerd; Fiedler, Petra; Patel, Anita; Wetterauer, Ulrich

2014-01-01

397

Contexts of diffusion: Adoption of research synthesis in Social Work and Women's Studies  

E-print Network

Texts reveal the subjects of interest in research fields, and the values, beliefs, and practices of researchers. In this study, texts are examined through bibliometric mapping and topic modeling to provide a birds eye view of the social dynamics associated with the diffusion of research synthesis methods in the contexts of Social Work and Women's Studies. Research synthesis texts are especially revealing because the methods, which include meta-analysis and systematic review, are reliant on the availability of past research and data, sometimes idealized as objective, egalitarian approaches to research evaluation, fundamentally tied to past research practices, and performed with the goal informing future research and practice. This study highlights the co-influence of past and subsequent research within research fields; illustrates dynamics of the diffusion process; and provides insight into the cultural contexts of research in Social Work and Women's Studies. This study suggests the potential to further develo...

Sheble, Laura

2014-01-01

398

Working in partnership with interpreters: studies on individuals affected by HIV/AIDS in Vietnam.  

PubMed

This article brings together two American qualitative researchers and two Vietnamese interpreters who investigated the social impacts of HIV/AIDS in Vietnam from the standpoint of the local community. As cultural outsiders with limited Vietnamese language skills, the researchers relied on the insights and expertise of the interpreters to the extent that interpreter roles expanded to become co-researchers. We explain the guidelines we used to work in partnership in the field. We then describe how the relationship between researcher and interpreter developed into co-researching, and how we utilized this relationship to respond to challenges in the work. Despite an increasing number of international qualitative studies, little research has focused on the nuances of a working partnership between researcher and interpreter, and few studies include interpreters as co-researchers. This article contributes to an understanding of how the researcher-interpreter relationship impacts the voice of the participant and, ultimately, the final outcomes of the project. PMID:24062420

Maradik Harris, Lesley; Boggiano, Victoria; Nguyen, Duy Thang; Pham, Le Hoang Linh

2013-10-01

399

Gas Chromatography Application Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes application notes on gas chromatography from 2000-2005 which have been presented at conferences. The applications could serve as a source of experiments for advanced teaching labs and may also assist those interested in solving analytical problems that involve separations.

2011-05-20

400

A Note on the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This note examines the productive efficiency of 62 starting guards during the 2011\\/12 National Basketball Association (NBA) season. This period coincides with the phenomenal and largely unanticipated performance of New York Knicks’ starting point guard Jeremy Lin and the attendant public and media hype known as Linsanity. We employ a data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach that includes allowance for an

Boon L Lee; Andrew Worthington

2012-01-01

401

Highlights: Tech Note  

E-print Network

and welcomes outside participants (who benefit from and enrich the process). In March, we ran a dry run7 April 2003 Highlights: · Tech Note: "A new training criterion for log-linear models directly Summarization 4 Extraction 6 Evaluations 6 Web Links 6 Many good things have been happening. In December, TIDES

Oard, Doug

402

Notes on Linguistics, 1991.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the four issues of "Notes on Linguistics" published during 1991. Articles in the four issues include: "Linguistics without Books: A Diary Entry" (John Verhaar); "Writing for Scholarly Publications" (Howard Law); "Will Kofi Understand the White Woman's Dictionary?" (Gillian Hansford); "Tips About 'WORD'" (Bryan Harmelink);…

Loos, Eugene, Ed.

1991-01-01

403

Crystal Notes The Crystal  

E-print Network

Crystal Notes The Crystal The crystal is defined as an ordered set of atoms (molecules) arranged. Ordered crystals exist because in their formation they must disorder their surroundings more than they are ordered. The key to growing a crystal is to cause in the disorder of the surroundings to be more than

Meagher, Mary

404

Forest Service Research Note  

E-print Network

U.S.O.A. Forest Service Research Note PSW-173 ABSTRACT: In pest control operations by the U- thion was applied by topical and aerosol treatments in the laboratory to 6th - instar populations from to the insecticide malathion than others? If so, why? In 1966, U.S. Forest Service pest control specialists sprayed

Standiford, Richard B.

405

SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES DNA Fragmentation  

E-print Network

cycles of MagNA and DNA, a 4- 5min incubation period for DNA precipitation on the beads is performed1 SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES DNA Fragmentation Human solution hybrid selection For the 189 human DNA samples for the hybrid selection (application 1), between 200 and 4,800 ng genomic DNA (final volume 200ul

Reich, David

406

Editor's Note (October 2004)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Instead of tedious labeling of rocks, geology is a dynamic, relevant field that in many ways provides a context and connection for all other fields of science. This selection includes notes from the field editor of Science and Children regarding the dynamic and critical importance of geology.

Ohana, Chris

2004-10-01

407

Mathematical Logic Lecture Notes  

E-print Network

Mathematical Logic (Math 570) Lecture Notes Lou van den Dries Fall Semester 2007 #12;#12;Contents 1 Preliminaries 1 1.1 Mathematical Logic: a brief overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Sets and Maps Preliminaries We start with a brief overview of mathematical logic as covered in this course. Next we review

Krajíèek, Jan

408

Mathematical Logic Lecture Notes  

E-print Network

Mathematical Logic (Math 570) Lecture Notes Lou van den Dries Fall Semester 2007 #12; #12; Contents 1 Preliminaries 1 1.1 Mathematical Logic: a brief overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Preliminaries We start with a brief overview of mathematical logic as covered in this course. Next we review

Krajíèek, Jan

409

Computer Engineering Curriculum Notes  

E-print Network

1 Computer Engineering Curriculum Notes 2013-2014 Technical Electives Students fulfill 15 credits be assigned to either group A or group B as determined by Computer Engineering program committee. Every year the computer engineering program committee will review the list and may make change(s). Group A (at least 6

Mather, Patrick T.

410

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Curriculum Notes  

E-print Network

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Curriculum Notes 2013-2014 1. Electrical Engineering (EE) students must/programs/electrical_engineering) and minors are used to regulate technical electives. A student must complete four technical elective courses in Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering. At a minimum

Mather, Patrick T.

411

Programmable Logic Application Notes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report will be provided each quarter as a source for reliability, radiation results, NASA capabilities, and other information on programmable logic devices and related applications. This quarter will continue a series of notes concentrating on analysis techniques with this issue's section discussing the use of Root-Sum-Square calculations for digital delays.

Katz, Richard; Day, John H. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

412

Matt Johnson Lecture Notes  

E-print Network

. For this reason, their logo includes animals and plants 5. Our definition for wildlife. "Any living thing1 Matt Johnson Lecture Notes WILDLIFE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (Humboldt State Univ. WLDF 300) LECTURE 1a - INTRODUCTION I. Introduction A. Welcome to Wildlife Ecology and Management. B. OK, here we

Johnson, Matthew

413

Student Math Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five sets of activities for students are included in this document. Each is designed for use in junior high and secondary school mathematics instruction. The first "Note" concerns magic squares in which the numbers in every row, column, and diagonal add up to the same sum. An etching by Albrecht Durer is presented, with four questions followed by…

Maletsky, Evan, Ed.

1985-01-01

414

Studying and Working: A national study of student finances and student engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key determinant of the new relationship between students and universities in Australia is the changing nature of higher education funding arrangements and the shift towards “user?pays”. In 2007, the Centre for the Study of Higher Education (CSHE) completed a commissioned national study, Australian University Student Finances 2006: Final Report of a National Survey of Students in Public Universities. Drawing

Marcia Devlin; Richard James; Gabrielle Grigg

2008-01-01

415

"As part of my work in this minor, I studied abroad in London and that  

E-print Network

"As part of my work in this minor, I studied abroad in London and that experience really influenced mid 1960s, the Beatles, Rolling Stones and the Animals. Or maybe you've got Shakespeare, David Beckham as the influence those groups and individuals have had on American society ­ you'll need some context

Kasman, Alex

416

Position Type: Full Time Part Time Work Study Internship Fellowship Volunteer Summer  

E-print Network

Position Type: Full Time Part Time Work Study Internship Fellowship Volunteer Summer Duration: Approximately Hours Per Week: Salary Rate: Index Number: Job Description: Qualifications: Method of Applying: (i Word, Excel, Access, and PowerPoint. Ability to maintain files and data while conforming

Gleeson, Joseph G.

417

A Study of Work and Emotionality in a Small Adult Instructional Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives of the study were to investigate relationships between and among qualities of emotion and types or levels of work orientation in small adult instructional group interaction; to discern relationships and/or behavior patterns which would be tested under laboratory conditions; and to test the consistency and utility of the…

Portal-Foster, Charles William George

418

The Pathways from School to Further Study and Work for Australian Graduates. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pathways of Australian graduates in their transition from school to further study and work were examined by analyzing Australian Youth Survey data regarding graduates who obtained a university degree or technical and further education (TAFE) diploma and who were enrolled for such qualifications in their seventh postschool year. Ninety-four…

Lamb, Stephen

419

Operable Unit 7-13\\/14 in situ thermal desorption treatability study work plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Work Plan provides technical details for conducting a treatability study that will evaluate the application of in situ thermal desorption (ISTD) to landfill waste at the Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). ISTD is a form of thermally enhanced vapor vacuum extraction that heats contaminated soil and waste underground to raise its

P. Shaw; D. Nickelson; R. Hyde

1999-01-01

420

Working Memory, Attention, and Mathematical Problem Solving: A Longitudinal Study of Elementary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of working memory (WM) in children's growth in mathematical problem solving was examined in a longitudinal study of children (N = 127). A battery of tests was administered that assessed problem solving, achievement, WM, and cognitive processing (inhibition, speed, phonological coding) in Grade 1 children, with follow-up testing in Grades…

Swanson, H. Lee

2011-01-01

421

Work-related depression in the hotel industry: a study in the United Arab Emirates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to develop and test a model, which examines work-related depression among frontline hotel employees. Specifically, the model examines emotional exhaustion as a full mediator of the effects of positive affectivity and intrinsic motivation on depression. The model also investigates the interaction of intrinsic motivation and positive affectivity on emotional exhaustion and depression.

Osman M. Karatepe; Ladan Zargar Tizabi

2011-01-01

422

Comparability work and the management of difference in research synthesis studies  

PubMed Central

The new imperative to be more methodologically inclusive has generated a burgeoning interest in synthesizing the findings of qualitative and quantitative studies, or mixed research synthesis. Yet, the very diversity seen to define the mixed research synthesis enterprise is also considered to defy it as it intensifies the problem of comparing the seemingly incomparable to enable the combination of the seemingly uncombinable. We propose here that the research synthesis enterprise, in general, and the mixed research synthesis enterprise, in particular, entail comparability work whereby reviewers impose similarity and difference on the studies to be reviewed. The very study diversity requiring management does not exist a priori but rather is itself an outcome of comparability work already done whereby judgments have been made about what constitutes methodological and topical diversity and uniformity. Conceiving the research synthesis process as defined by comparability work moves the backstage interpretive work of systematic review to center stage and, thereby, sets a new stage for addressing the methodological issues involved. These issues are explored by reference to the synthesis of empirical studies of antiretroviral adherence in HIV-positive women in the US. PMID:17029691

Sandelowski, Margarete; Voils, Corrine I.; Barroso, Julie

2008-01-01

423

Studies in Public Welfare. Paper Number 13. How Income Supplements Can Affect Work Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To what extent, if any, will workers in families receiving Government cash benefits reduce their hours of work? The papers by Irwin Garfinkel and by Glen Cain and Harold Watts review large numbers of studies on this question. These authors caution us against having great confidence in the detailed estimates of how workers will respond because…

Garfinkel, Irwin; And Others

424

Intellectually Gifted Individuals' Career Choices and Work Satisfaction: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to investigate which career path a group of intellectually gifted individuals chose, if any. How did they actually like their work, and what were the reasons for satisfaction or dissatisfaction with their chosen career? In all, 287 Mensa members (216 men and 71 women) constituted the research group. Their average age was 34.4…

Persson, Roland S.

2009-01-01

425

Public Welfare and Work Incentives: Theory and Practice. Studies in Public Welfare. Paper No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chart book summarizes two volumes in the subcommittee's series, "Studies in Public Welfare." Paper No. 4 (Dec. 22, 1972) explored work incentive and disincentive features in existing and proposed public welfare programs (cash welfare, unemployment insurance, social security, veterans' benefits, food stamps, public housing, and medicaid).…

Burke, Vee; Townsend, Alair A.

426

The ECLS-K Study and Database: A Resource for School Social Work Practitioners and Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to introduce the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database to school social work practitioners and researchers. This database not only serves as a viable source for evidence-based practice pertaining to the influences of families and schools on the academic achievement of children beginning at…

Williams, Sheara A.

2008-01-01

427

Study of an interconnected flashing warning light system for work zone lane closures  

E-print Network

effectiveness in encouraging earlier lane-changing upstream of a lane closure compared to a standard lane closure. The studies simulated a work zone with a left lane closure. The following treatments in conjunction with an arrow panel were examined at two...

Finley, Melisa Dayle

2012-06-07

428

Baltimore Metropolitan Area Library Study, Short Range Work Program: Tasks, Schedule, and Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a six-month work program, financed with Library Service and Construction Act funds, which applies systems analysis to public library organization, services, and facilities. The three public library systems of Baltimore City (Enoch Pratt Free Library), Baltimore County, and Anne Arundel County, Maryland are to be studied. Investigated…

CONSAD Research Corp., Pittsburgh, PA.

429

Holland's Vocational Models: A Study of Work Groups and Need Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated: (1) the concurrent validity of Holland's theory for employed men; and (2) the pattern of needs associated with occupations exemplifying each of Holland's models. Five vocational scales distributed eight work groups, representative of each of Holland's vocational models, in a comparable fashion according to their interests.…

Lacey, David W.

1971-01-01

430

A Study of Attitudes Associated with Retraining. Part I. Work Resource and Retraining Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to develop an understanding of retraining from the perspective of those who have experienced it--to know more about how and why they decided to undertake the process of acquiring new or additional work skills, how they learned about the alternatives available to them, and what feelings accompanied this experience. Research…

Miskovic, Darlene

431

Work Experiences of People with Mental Illness in Malaysia: A Preliminary Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a preliminary qualitative study, using a basic interpretive approach, to investigate the work experiences of people with mental illness in Malaysia. Six females and four males (aged 30-70) from a residential home for the mentally ill participated in semi-structured interviews. Three inter-relating themes emerged, namely the experience of…

Boo, Su-Lyn; Loong, Jaymee; Ng, Wai-Sheng

2011-01-01

432

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...individual if VA determines that the debt can be collected through other...services to be performed under a debt-liquidation contract will...which are or were open to those students receiving a work-study allowance...the chapter under which the debt was incurred....

2013-07-01

433

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

...individual if VA determines that the debt can be collected through other...services to be performed under a debt-liquidation contract will...which are or were open to those students receiving a work-study allowance...the chapter under which the debt was incurred....

2014-07-01

434

Counting on Working Memory when Learning to Count and to Add: A Preschool Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author aimed at measuring how much limited working memory capacity constrains early numerical development before any formal mathematics instruction. To that end, 4- and 5-year-old children were tested for their memory skills in the phonological loop (PL), visuo-spatial sketchpad (VSSP), and central executive (CE); they also…

Noel, Marie-Pascale

2009-01-01

435

A nested case-control study of fatal work related injuries among Brazilian steel workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the relative risk of death from work related injury in a steelworks, associated with exposure to various occupational hazards, sociodemographic factors, and medical history. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a nested case-control design. It was based on a cohort of men employed in the steel plant of USIMINAS, Brazil between January 1977 and August 1990, who

S M Barreto; A J Swerdlow; P G Smith; C D Higgins

1997-01-01

436

The Working Postures among Schoolchildren--Controlled Intervention Study on the Effects of Newly Designed Workstations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School workstations are often inappropriate in not offering an optimal sitting posture. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individually adjustable saddle-type chairs with wheels and desks with comfort curve and arm support on schoolchildren's working postures compared to conventional workstations. Methods:…

Saarni, Lea; Nygrd, Clas-H kan; Rimpel, Arja; Nummi, Tapio; Kaukiainen, Anneli

2007-01-01

437

Work factors and smoking cessation in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking in nursing personnel remains high. The aim of this study was to identify work factors that predict smoking cessation among nurses' aides. METHODS: Of 2720 randomly selected, Norwegian nurses' aides, who were smoking at least one cigarette per day when they completed a questionnaire in 1999, 2275 (83.6 %) completed a second questionnaire 15 months

Willy Eriksen

2005-01-01

438

White Counseling Supervisees' Experiences Working with Latino Youth: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of White counseling students who facilitated a group intervention with Latino adolescents. A phenomenological approach revealed several challenges experienced by the counselors in working across race and culture. Two major themes that emerged from the analysis included counselors' lack…

Malott, Krista M.; Havlik, Stacey; Palacios, Lyda Holguín; Contrisciane Lewis, Colleen

2014-01-01

439

Mayo Clinic study finds nutritional supplement works against some pancreatic cancer cells in mice  

Cancer.gov

The dietary supplement gamma-linolenic acid can inhibit the growth of a subset of pancreatic cancer cells and selectively promote cancer cell death in mice, a Mayo Clinic study has found. The supplement, a fatty acid also known as GLA, worked particularly well when combined with the chemotherapy drug gemcitabine, the researchers say.

440

Study and Work Abroad Opportunities For Engineering Students at Duke University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents two examples of the study and work abroad opportunities for engineering students at Duke University: The International Honors Program and the Duke Engineering in Berlin program. The International Honors Program of the Pratt School of Engineering is a four-year, certificate program for outstanding undergraduate engineering students, who must have demonstrated excellence in engineering skills, in addition to:

Miguel A. Medina; Gary A. Ybarra

441

Working Memory, Attention, and Mathematical Problem Solving: A Longitudinal Study of Elementary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of working memory (WM) in children's growth in mathematical problem solving was examined in a longitudinal study of children (N = 127). A battery of tests was administered that assessed problem solving, achievement, WM, and cognitive processing (inhibition, speed, phonological coding) in Grade 1 children, with follow-up testing in Grades 2 and 3. The results were that (a)

H. Lee Swanson

2011-01-01

442

Established or excluded? A longitudinal study of criminality, work and family formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we explore the longer-term implications of criminality. We look at different groups in a birth cohort defined on the basis of their level of involvement in crime. To what extent is juvenile and adult crime related to social exclusion in mid-life? We study differences in outcomes related to work and family, and whether these differences tend to

Anders Nilsson; Felipe Estrada

2011-01-01

443

Agricultural Work Exposures and Pulmonary Function Among Hired Farm Workers in California (The MICASA Study).  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite California's dependence on hired farm labor, scarce research has been conducted on the respiratory health of hired farm workers. Agricultural exposures to inorganic and organic dusts can adversely affect an individual's respiratory health and differ by farm type and job task. The purpose of the present analysis was to examine associations between agricultural work exposures and pulmonary function among 450 California farm workers. Data were collected as part of the Mexican Immigration to California: Agricultural Safety and Acculturation (MICASA) study, a prospective cohort study examining occupational risk factors and health of hired farm worker families in Mendota, California. Time-weighted self-reported average (TWSRA) dust scores were calculated from assessments of past-12-month agricultural work history. Other dust exposure indicator variables included months worked in agriculture in the past 12 months and years worked in agriculture. Multiple linear regression modeled FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 second), FEF25-75% (forced midexpiratory flow rate), FVC (forced vital capacity), FEV6, FEV1/FVC, and FEV1/FEV6 separately. Seventy-six percent of participants had worked in agriculture in the past year. In models conducted for crops and tasks separately, high TWSRA dust score was associated with better FEV6. Crop and task models showed associations between greater months worked in agriculture in the past year and better FEV1, FEF25-75%, and FEV6. Both models also found greater years worked in agriculture to be associated with worse FEV1/FEV6. Results were generally in the opposite direction as expected given past research but not uncommon. Future research should investigate relationships between pulmonary function and agricultural dust exposure over a lifetime and changes in pulmonary function over time. PMID:25275408

Rodriquez, Erik J; Stoecklin-Marois, Maria T; Bennett, Deborah H; Tancredi, Daniel J; Schenker, Marc B

2014-01-01

444

A longitudinal study of the relationship between work engagement and symptoms of anxiety and depression.  

PubMed

This longitudinal study examined the dynamic relationship between work engagement (vigour and dedication) and symptoms of anxiety and depression. A sample of 3475 respondents from eight different occupational groups (lawyers, physicians, nurses, teachers, church ministers, bus drivers, people working in advertising and people working in information technology) in Norway supplied data at two points in time with a 2-year time interval. The advantages of longitudinal design were utilized, including testing of reversed causation and controlling for unmeasured third variables. In general, the results showed that the hypothesized normal causal relationship was superior to a reversed causation model. In other words, this study supported the assumption that work engagement is more likely to be the antecedent for symptoms of depression and anxiety than the outcome. In particular, the vigour facet of work engagement provides lower levels of depression and anxiety 2 years later. However, additional analyses modelling unmeasured third variables indicate that unknown third variables may have created some spurious effects on the pattern of the observed relationship. Implications of the findings are discussed in the paper. PMID:22259153

Innstrand, Siw Tone; Langballe, Ellen Melbye; Falkum, Erik

2012-02-01

445

Higgs Working Group Report of the Snowmass 2013 Community Planning Study  

E-print Network

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Higgs Boson working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). We identify the key elements of a precision Higgs physics program and document the physics potential of future experimental facilities as elucidated during the Snowmass study. We study Higgs couplings to gauge boson and fermion pairs, double Higgs production for the Higgs self-coupling, its quantum numbers and $CP$-mixing in Higgs couplings, the Higgs mass and total width, and prospects for direct searches for additional Higgs bosons in extensions of the Standard Model. Our report includes projections of measurement capabilities from detailed studies of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC), a Gamma-Gamma Collider, the International Linear Collider (ILC), the Large Hadron Collider High-Luminosity Upgrade (HL-LHC), Very Large Hadron Colliders up to 100 TeV (VLHC), a Muon Collider, and a Triple-Large Electron Positron Collider (TLEP).

S. Dawson; A. Gritsan; H. Logan; J. Qian; C. Tully; R. Van Kooten; A. Ajaib; A. Anastassov; I. Anderson; D. Asner; O. Bake; V. Barger; T. Barklow; B. Batell; M. Battaglia; S. Berge; A. Blondel; S. Bolognesi; J. Brau; E. Brownson; M. Cahill-Rowley; C. Calancha-Paredes; C. -Y. Chen; W. Chou; R. Clare; D. Cline; N. Craig; K. Cranmer; M. de Gruttola; A. Elagin; R. Essig; L. Everett; E. Feng; K. Fujii; J. Gainer; Y. Gao; I. Gogoladze; S. Gori; R. Goncalo; N. Graf; C. Grojean; S. Guindon; H. Haber; T. Han; G. Hanson; R. Harnik; S. Heinemeyer; U. Heintz; J. Hewett; Y. Ilchenko; A. Ishikawa; A. Ismail; V. Jain; P. Janot; S. Kanemura; S. Kawada; R. Kehoe; M. Klute; A. Kotwal; K. Krueger; G. Kukartsev; K. Kumar; J. Kunkle; M. Kurata; I. Lewis; Y. Li; L. Linssen; E. Lipeles; R. Lipton; T. Liss; J. List; T. Liu; Z. Liu; I. Low; T. Ma; P. Mackenzie; B. Mellado; K. Melnikov; A. Miyamoto; G. Moortgat-Pick; G. Mourou; M. Narain; H. Neal; J. Nielsen; N. Okada; H. Okawa; J. Olsen; H. Ono; P. Onyisi; N. Parashar; M. Peskin; F. Petriello; T. Plehn; C. Pollard; C. Potter; K. Prokofiev; M. Rauch; T. Rizzo; T. Robens; V. Rodriguez; P. Roloff; R. Ruiz; V. Sanz; J. Sayre; Q. Shafi; G. Shaughnessy; M. Sher; F. Simon; N. Solyak; J. Strube; J. Stupak; S. Su; T. Suehara; T. Tanabe; T. Tajima; V. Telnov; J. Tian; S. Thomas; M. Thomson; K. Tsumura; C. Un; M. Velasco; C. Wagner; S. Wang; S. Watanuki; G. Weiglein; A. Whitbeck; K. Yagyu; W. Yao; H. Yokoya; S. Zenz; D. Zerwas; Y. Zhang; Y. Zhou

2013-10-31

446

Note: Studies on target placement in TE{sub 111} cylindrical cavity of electron cyclotron resonance x-ray source for the enhancement of x-ray dose  

SciTech Connect

X-ray source based on electron cyclotron resonance principle has been constructed using TE{sub 111} cylindrical cavity. At present the device is used to provide low energy x-ray field for thermoluminescent dosimeter badge calibration. Theoretical and experimental studies on the effect of target placement inside the TE{sub 111} cylindrical cavity for enhancing the x-ray output are carried out and the results are presented in this note. Optimum target location is identified by theoretical analysis on the electric field distribution inside the cavity using MICROWAVE STUDIO program. By modifying the magnetic field configuration, the resonance region is shifted to the optimum target location. The microwave transmission line is upgraded with a three stub tuner which improves the microwave coupling from the source to the target loaded cavity. Molybdenum target is located at a radial distance of 2.5 cm from the cavity center and the x-ray dose rate is measured at 20 cm from the exit port for different microwave power. With the introduction of the target, the x-ray output has improved nearly from 70% to 160% in the microwave power of 150-500 W.

Selvakumaran, T. S.; Baskaran, R.; Singh, A. K. [Safety Group, Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102 (India); Sista, V. L. S. Rao [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)

2010-03-15

447

Note: Studies on target placement in TE(111) cylindrical cavity of electron cyclotron resonance x-ray source for the enhancement of x-ray dose.  

PubMed

X-ray source based on electron cyclotron resonance principle has been constructed using TE(111) cylindrical cavity. At present the device is used to provide low energy x-ray field for thermoluminescent dosimeter badge calibration. Theoretical and experimental studies on the effect of target placement inside the TE(111) cylindrical cavity for enhancing the x-ray output are carried out and the results are presented in this note. Optimum target location is identified by theoretical analysis on the electric field distribution inside the cavity using MICROWAVE STUDIO program. By modifying the magnetic field configuration, the resonance region is shifted to the optimum target location. The microwave transmission line is upgraded with a three stub tuner which improves the microwave coupling from the source to the target loaded cavity. Molybdenum target is located at a radial distance of 2.5 cm from the cavity center and the x-ray dose rate is measured at 20 cm from the exit port for different microwave power. With the introduction of the target, the x-ray output has improved nearly from 70% to 160% in the microwave power of 150-500 W. PMID:20370227

Selvakumaran, T S; Baskaran, R; Singh, A K; Sista, V L S Rao

2010-03-01

448

CANDIDATE WORK SAMPLE 2 PART 2 PE Social Studies-Curriculum and Content  

E-print Network

CANDIDATE WORK SAMPLE 2 PART 2 PE Social Studies-Curriculum and Content Social Studies Standards CA-SSU-LSEE.1.1: Demonstrate depth and breadth of content knowledge. [CA-SSU- PE.B, CA-TPE-1] CA-SSU-LSEE.1 diversity and/or physical and learning disabilities. [CA-SSU-PE.C, CA-TPE-1, CA-TPE-4, CA-TPE-5, CA- TPE-6

Ravikumar, B.

449

Studies on perilla, agarwood, and cinnamon through a combination of fieldwork and laboratory work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fieldwork is one of the primary methods for studying medicinal plants and materials, and information thus obtained can be\\u000a valuable for experiments performed in the laboratory. Meanwhile, results of experiments in the laboratory can be brought back\\u000a to the field for verification and further investigation. A combination of field and laboratory work has led to effective progress\\u000a in studies of

Michiho Ito

2008-01-01

450

Understanding resilience in same-sex parented families: the work, love, play study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While families headed by same-sex couples have achieved greater public visibility in recent years, there are still many challenges for these families in dealing with legal and community contexts that are not supportive of same-sex relationships. The Work, Love, Play study is a large longitudinal study of same-sex parents. It aims to investigate many facets of family life among

Jennifer J Power; Amaryll Perlesz; Margot J Schofield; Marian K Pitts; Rhonda Brown; Ruth McNair; Anna Barrett; Andrew Bickerdike

2010-01-01

451

Return to work following unintentional injury: a prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to predict time off work following unintentional injuries due to accidents leading to hospital admission. Design Prospective 6-month follow-up study. Setting Department of Trauma Surgery of a University Hospital. Participants Consecutively recruited victims of unintentional injuries (n=221) hospitalised for a minimum of 32?h including two consecutive nights. All the participants were aged 18–65?years and were able to participate in an assessment within 30?days of the accident. Main outcome measures Interview-assessed number of days off work during the 6?months immediately following the accident. Results The patients’ subjective appraisals of (1) accident severity and (2) their ability to cope with the resulting injury and its job-related consequences predicted time off work following the accident beyond the impact of the objective severity of their injury and the type of accident involved. Conclusions The patients’ subjective appraisals of the accident severity and of their ability to cope with its consequences are highly relevant for return to work after accidents. Extending the findings from previous studies on severely injured and otherwise preselected accident victims, this seems to apply to the whole spectrum of patients hospitalised with unintentional injuries. PMID:24327361

Hepp, Urs; Schnyder, Ulrich; Hepp-Beg, Sofia; Friedrich-Perez, Josefina; Stulz, Niklaus; Moergeli, Hanspeter

2013-01-01

452

An Evaluation Study of Youth Participation in Youth Work: A Case Study in Southern Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper an evaluation study of a public programme financing a regional network of 157 youth centres in the South of Italy is presented. A theory-based evaluation model was adopted to explore the causal links between different types of participation experience. Evaluation questions focused on three main issues are: the perception of…

Morciano, Daniele; Scardigno, Anna Fausta; Manuti, Amelia; Pastore, Serafina

2014-01-01

453

[The work of the intensive care nurse: a study on the social representations structure].  

PubMed

This study aims at characterizing the social representations of the nurse in the intensive care unit (ICU) by identifying the central core and the peripheral system. It was carried out in five ICUs from both public and philanthropic teaching, research and assistance hospitals in Salvador (Bahia, Brazil). Data were gathered from ninety nurses by means of free evocation from the phrase: nurse's work in an ICU and then processed with the EVOC software. Analysis was performed by building a four-digit chart based on the structural approach to the theory of social representations. Results point out stress, responsibility, integral care and gratification as the core elements. The peripheral system comprised personal and professional attitudes deemed necessary to perform the work. Therefore, it could be concluded that stress and responsible work are relieved by the gratifying feeling of providing integral care, which demands a range of personal and professional attitudes. PMID:18856125

Silva, Iranete Almeida Sousa; da Cruz, Enêde Andrade

2008-09-01

454

Working memory network plasticity after anterior temporal lobe resection: a longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging study.  

PubMed

Working memory is a crucial cognitive function that is disrupted in temporal lobe epilepsy. It is unclear whether this impairment is a consequence of temporal lobe involvement in working memory processes or due to seizure spread to extratemporal eloquent cortex. Anterior temporal lobe resection controls seizures in 50-80% of patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy and the effect of surgery on working memory are poorly understood both at a behavioural and neural level. We investigated the impact of temporal lobe resection on the efficiency and functional anatomy of working memory networks. We studied 33 patients with unilateral medial temporal lobe epilepsy (16 left) before, 3 and 12 months after anterior temporal lobe resection. Fifteen healthy control subjects were also assessed in parallel. All subjects had neuropsychological testing and performed a visuospatial working memory functional magnetic resonance imaging paradigm on these three separate occasions. Changes in activation and deactivation patterns were modelled individually and compared between groups. Changes in task performance were included as regressors of interest to assess the efficiency of changes in the networks. Left and right temporal lobe epilepsy patients were impaired on preoperative measures of working memory compared to controls. Working memory performance did not decline following left or right temporal lobe resection, but improved at 3 and 12 months following left and, to a lesser extent, following right anterior temporal lobe resection. After left anterior temporal lobe resection, improved performance correlated with greater deactivation of the left hippocampal remnant and the contralateral right hippocampus. There was a failure of increased deactivation of the left hippocampal remnant at 3 months after left temporal lobe resection compared to control subjects, which had normalized 12 months after surgery. Following right anterior temporal lobe resection there was a progressive increase of activation in the right superior parietal lobe at 3 and 12 months after surgery. There was greater deactivation of the right hippocampal remnant compared to controls between 3 and 12 months after right anterior temporal lobe resection that was associated with lesser improvement in task performance. Working memory improved after anterior temporal lobe resection, particularly following left-sided resections. Postoperative working memory was reliant on the functional capacity of the hippocampal remnant and, following left resections, the functional reserve of the right hippocampus. These data suggest that working memory following temporal lobe resection is dependent on the engagement of the posterior medial temporal lobes and eloquent cortex. PMID:24691395

Stretton, Jason; Sidhu, Meneka K; Winston, Gavin P; Bartlett, Philippa; McEvoy, Andrew W; Symms, Mark R; Koepp, Matthias J; Thompson, Pamela J; Duncan, John S

2014-05-01

455

Work factors and smoking cessation in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence of smoking in nursing personnel remains high. The aim of this study was to identify work factors that predict smoking cessation among nurses' aides. Methods Of 2720 randomly selected, Norwegian nurses' aides, who were smoking at least one cigarette per day when they completed a questionnaire in 1999, 2275 (83.6 %) completed a second questionnaire 15 months later. A wide spectrum of work factors were assessed at baseline. Respondents who reported smoking 0 cigarettes per day at follow-up were considered having stopped smoking. The odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals of stopping smoking were derived from logistic regression models. Results Compared with working 1–9 hours per week, working 19–36 hours per week (odds ratio (OR) = 0.35; 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 0.13 – 0.91), and working more than 36 hours per week (i.e. more than full-time job) (OR = 0.27; CI = 0.09 – 0.78) were associated with reduced odds of smoking cessation, after adjustments for daily consumption of cigarettes at baseline, age, gender, marital status, and having preschool children. Adjusting also for chronic health problems gave similar results. Conclusion There seems to be a negative association between hours of work per week and the odds of smoking cessation in nurses' aides. It is important that health institutions offer workplace-based services with documented effects on nicotine dependence, such as smoking cessation courses, so that healthcare workers who want to stop smoking, especially those with long working hours, do not have to travel to the programme or to dedicate their leisure time to it. PMID:16379672

Eriksen, Willy

2005-01-01

456

Poor Theory Notes Toward a Manifesto  

E-print Network

Poor Theory Notes Toward a Manifesto Poor theory is less a theory than a way of proceeding. Poor theory proposes to find ways of making the most of limited resources. Poor theory uses the tools at hand. Poor theory suggests the need to `work around' intransigent problems, when clear solutions

Loudon, Catherine

457

FISH PASSAGE CENTER OVERSIGHT BOARD NOTES  

E-print Network

Reynolds said her thinking, in requesting the flow/survival report, was to approach the FPC's work from an analytical perspective, to reacquaint herself and the rest of FPCOB with everything the FPC does. Michele De. The discussion turned to the fundamental question of scientific disagreement and debate, with Ferguson noting

458

Inventions of Note  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inventions of Note Sheet Music Collection was created in 1997 by the Lewis Music Library at MIT. It includes popular songs and piano compositions that portray technologies as revealed through song texts and cover art. As the introductory notes state, "The initial appearance of inventions such as the automobile, airplane, radio, and telephone created a myriad of responses in American society ranging from excitement and delight to anxiety and scorn." The collection includes 50 pieces of sheet music, ranging from "The Bell Telephone Girl" to "The Wireless Man." This last piece contains lyrics like "With his brave steady hand/keeps in touch with the land." It's interesting to ruminate on what songs today might celebrate in video game systems, wireless mobile devices, and laptop computers. For students of the history of technology and popular culture, this site is quite a find and perhaps it will inspire a few sing-a-long sessions for those with a talent for vocalizing.

2012-08-17

459

4. Panama Mount. Note concrete ring and metal rail. Note ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Panama Mount. Note concrete ring and metal rail. Note cliff erosion under foundation at left center. Looking 297° W. - Fort Funston, Panama Mounts for 155mm Guns, Skyline Boulevard & Great Highway, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

460

Editor's Note (September 2004)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The act of having students commit to an outcome makes them think. It is different than oral brainstorming because everyone is accountable. Students may not volunteer exactly what they are thinking. Like everyone else, they may just summarize. Students deserve an opportunity to explain their answers, even if they seem far-fetched. This selection includes notes from the Field Editor of Science and Children on assessment tools and strategies.

Ohana, Chris

2004-09-01

461

Maryland Marine Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online newsletter archive provides back issues, April 1990 to December 2001, of Marine Notes in downloadable PDF format. Articles cover news of research, education and outreach services of Maryland Sea Grant. Topics include: fisheries management, issues and advances; biology of keystone species like blue crabs, oysters, seagrasses, striped bass; coastal zone management; Chesapeake Bay habitats and restoration; seafood; aquaculture; impacts of exotic species; coastal history; and more.

462

Maryland Marine Notes Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online newsletter archive provides back issues, April 1990 to December 2001, of Marine Notes in downloadable PDF format. Articles cover news of research, education and outreach services of Maryland Sea Grant. Topics include: fisheries management, issues and advances; biology of keystone species like blue crabs, oysters, seagrasses, striped bass; coastal zone management; Chesapeake Bay habitats and restoration; seafood; aquaculture; impacts of exotic species; coastal history; and more.

2011-05-02

463

Ecological risk assessment guidance for preparation of remedial investigation/feasibility study work plans  

SciTech Connect

This guidance document (1) provides instructions on preparing the components of an ecological work plan to complement the overall site remedial assessment investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) work plan and (2) directs the user on how to implement ecological tasks identified in the plan. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended by the Superfired Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), an RI/FS work plan win have to be developed as part of the site-remediation scoping the process. Specific guidance on the RI/FS process and the preparation of work plans has been developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988a). This document provides guidance to US Department of Energy (DOE) staff and contractor personnel for incorporation of ecological information into environmental remediation planning and decision making at CERCLA sites. An overview analysis of early ecological risk assessment methods (i.e., in the 1980s) at Superfund sites was conducted by the EPA (1989a). That review provided a perspective of attention given to ecological issues in some of the first RI/FS studies. By itself, that reference is of somewhat limited value; it does, however, establish a basis for comparison of past practices in ecological risk with current, more refined methods.

Pentecost, E.D.; Vinikour, W.S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-08-01

464

Race, Labor Repression, and Capitalist Agriculture: Notes from South Texas, 1920-1930. Institute for the Study of Social Change Working Papers Series #102.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racism and racial exploitation, rather than disappearing with the march of capitalist development, appear instead as its intimate companions. The racial experience of the Mexican in South Texas was shaped by the rapid development of agriculture there in the early part of the century, between 1900-1910 and 1920-1930. The agrarian land revolution…

Montejano, David

465

MSU Office of Financial Aid 252 Student Services, E. Lansing, MI 48824-1113 finaid@msu.edu (517) 353-5940 Quick facts about WORK STUDY AND WORK  

E-print Network

does it mean if a student has College Work-Study or Student Employment (Work) as a part of the aid of work expectation are College Work-Study (CWSPA) or Student Employment, but work also may take the form of a graduate assistantship or resident mentor position. What is the difference between College Work

466

Reducing vividness and emotional intensity of recurrent "flashforwards" by taxing working memory: an analogue study.  

PubMed

Several studies have found that making eye movements while retrieving visual images about past negative events reduces their vividness and emotional intensity. A working memory account states that eye movements tax working memory and interfere with visual imagery, thus degrading images. This study examined whether eye movements also affect recurrent, intrusive visual images about potential future catastrophes ("flashforwards") in a sample of female undergraduates who had indicated on a screening-scale that they suffer from such intrusions. They were asked to recall two intrusive images with or without making eye movements. Before and after each condition, participants retrieved the image, and rated its vividness and emotionality. Results showed that vividness of intrusive images was lower after recall with eye movement, relative to recall only, and there was a similar trend for emotionality. Potential implications are discussed. PMID:21376527

Engelhard, Iris M; van den Hout, Marcel A; Dek, Eliane C P; Giele, Catharina L; van der Wielen, Jan-Willem; Reijnen, Marthe J; van Roij, Birgit

2011-05-01

467

Accidents at Work and Costs Analysis: A Field Study in a Large Italian Company  

PubMed Central

Accidents at work are still a heavy burden in social and economic terms, and action to improve health and safety standards at work offers great potential gains not only to employers, but also to individuals and society as a whole. However, companies often are not interested to measure the costs of accidents even if cost information may facilitate preventive occupational health and safety management initiatives. The field study, carried out in a large Italian company, illustrates technical and organisational aspects associated with the implementation of an accident costs analysis tool. The results indicate that the implementation (and the use) of the tool requires a considerable commitment by the company, that accident costs analysis should serve to reinforce the importance of health and safety prevention and that the economic dimension of accidents is substantial. The study also suggests practical ways to facilitate the implementation and the moral acceptance of the accounting technology. PMID:24869894

BATTAGLIA, Massimo; FREY, Marco; PASSETTI, Emilio

2014-01-01

468

Prevalence of widespread pain and associations with work status: a population study  

PubMed Central

Background This population study based on a representative sample from a Swedish county investigates the prevalence, duration, and determinants of widespread pain (WSP) in the population using two constructs and estimates how WSP affects work status. In addition, this study investigates the prevalence of widespread pain and its relationship to pain intensity, gender, age, income, work status, citizenship, civil status, urban residence, and health care seeking. Methods A cross-sectional survey using a postal questionnaire was sent to a representative sample (n = 9952) of the target population (284,073 people, 18–74 years) in a county (Östergötland) in the southern Sweden. The questionnaire was mailed and followed by two postal reminders when necessary. Results The participation rate was 76.7% (n = 7637); the non-participants were on the average younger, earned less money, and male. Women had higher prevalences of pain in 10 different predetermined anatomical regions. WSP was generally chronic (90–94%) and depending on definition of WSP the prevalence varied between 4.8–7.4% in the population. Women had significantly higher prevalence of WSP than men and the age effect appeared to be stronger in women than in men. WSP was a significant negative factor – together with age 50–64 years, low annual income, and non-Nordic citizen – for work status in the community and in the group with chronic pain. Chronic pain but not the spreading of pain was related to health care seeking in the population. Conclusion This study confirms earlier studies that report high prevalences of widespread pain in the population and especially among females and with increasing age. Widespread pain is associated with prominent effects on work status. PMID:18627605

Gerdle, Bjorn; Bjork, Jonas; Coster, Lars; Henriksson, KG; Henriksson, Chris; Bengtsson, Ann

2008-01-01

469

Experimental reconstruction of work distribution and study of fluctuation relations in a closed quantum system.  

PubMed

We report the experimental reconstruction of the nonequilibrium work probability distribution in a closed quantum system, and the study of the corresponding quantum fluctuation relations. The experiment uses a liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance platform that offers full control on the preparation and dynamics of the system. Our endeavors enable the characterization of the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of a quantum spin from a finite-time thermodynamics viewpoint. PMID:25325627

Batalhão, Tiago B; Souza, Alexandre M; Mazzola, Laura; Auccaise, Ruben; Sarthour, Roberto S; Oliveira, Ivan S; Goold, John; De Chiara, Gabriele; Paternostro, Mauro; Serra, Roberto M

2014-10-01

470

Experimental Reconstruction of Work Distribution and Study of Fluctuation Relations in a Closed Quantum System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the experimental reconstruction of the nonequilibrium work probability distribution in a closed quantum system, and the study of the corresponding quantum fluctuation relations. The experiment uses a liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance platform that offers full control on the preparation and dynamics of the system. Our endeavors enable the characterization of the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of a quantum spin from a finite-time thermodynamics viewpoint.

Batalhão, Tiago B.; Souza, Alexandre M.; Mazzola, Laura; Auccaise, Ruben; Sarthour, Roberto S.; Oliveira, Ivan S.; Goold, John; De Chiara, Gabriele; Paternostro, Mauro; Serra, Roberto M.

2014-10-01

471

Counting on Working Memory When Learning to Count and to Add: A Preschool Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the author aimed at measuring how much limited working memory capacity constrains early numerical development before any formal mathematics instruction. To that end, 4- and 5-year-old children were tested for their memory skills in the phonological loop (PL), visuo-spatial sketchpad (VSSP), and central executive (CE); they also completed a series of tasks tapping their addition and counting

Marie-Pascale Noël

2009-01-01

472

Improving teacher expertise through master teacher work stations: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional development is emphasized in China not only for junior teachers, but also for experienced teachers. In this study,\\u000a we investigated a master teacher’s work station that has been established at a provincial level for training experienced ‘key’\\u000a teachers across the whole province. Three types of data were collected to examine the focuses and approaches used in this\\u000a master teacher’s

Yeping Li; Caibin Tang; Zikun Gong

473

Telephone-Administered Intelligence Testing for Research in Work and Organizational Psychology: A Comparative Assessment Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a 2 × 2 experimental study, we used the Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT) to assess the quality of intelligence testing by telephone with a sample of 210 individuals active in the world of work and compared it both inter- and intraindividually with intelligence testing by face-to-face test administration. The population median (rxx= .88) of the reliability of ordinary face-to-face-based

Gerhard Blickle; Jochen Kramer; Jan Mierke

2010-01-01

474

Semiannual report for the period October 1, 1979-March 31, 1980 of work on: (1) superconducting power transmission system development; (2) cable insulation development. Power Transmission Project Technical Note No. 106  

SciTech Connect

Progress is reported in a program whose objective is to develop an underground superconducting power transmission system which is economical and technically attractive to the utility industry. The system would be capable of carrying very large blocks of electric power, and would supplant overhead lines in urban and suburban areas and regions of natural beauty. The program consisted initially of work in the laboratory to develop suitable materials, cryostats, and cable concepts. The materials work covers the development and testing of suitable superconductors and dielectric insulation. The laboratory work has now been extended to an outside test facility which represents an intermediate step between the laboratory scale and a full-scale system. The facility will allow cables several hundred feet long to be tested under realistic conditions. In addition, the refrigerator has been designed for optimum service for utility applications.

Not Available

1980-07-07

475

Semiannual report for the period April 1-September 30, 1979 of work on: (1) Superconducting power transmission development; (2) Cable insulation development. Power Transmission Project Technical Note No. 99  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the program is to develop an underground superconducting power transmission system which is economical and technically attractive to the utility industry. The system would be capable of carrying very large blocks of electric power, thus enabling it to supplant overhead lines in urban and suburban areas and regions of natural beauty. The program consisted initially of work in the laboratory to develop suitable materials, cryostats, and cable concepts. The materials work covers the development and testing of suitable superconductors and dielectric insulation. The laboratory work has now been extended to an outside test facility which represents an intermediate step between the laboratory scale and a full-scale system. The facility will allow cables several hundred feet long to be tested under realistic conditions. In addition, the refrigerator has been designed for optimum service for utility applications.

Not Available

1980-01-15

476

Goals of telephone nursing work - the managers' perspectives: a qualitative study on Swedish healthcare direct  

PubMed Central

Background Swedish Healthcare Direct (SHD) receives 6 million calls yearly and aims at increased public sense of security and healthcare efficiency. Little is known about what SHD managers perceive as the primary goals of telephone nursing (TN) work and how the organisation matches goals of health promotion and equitable healthcare, so important in Swedish healthcare legislation. The aim of the study was to explore and describe what the SHD managers perceive as the goals of TN work and how the managers view health promotion and implementation of equitable healthcare with gender as example at SHD. Methods The study was qualitative using an exploratory and descriptive design. All 23 managers employed at SHD were interviewed and data analysis used deductive directed content analysis. Results The findings reveal four themes describing the goals of TN work as recommended by the SHD managers. These are: ‘create feelings of trust’, ‘achieve patient safety’, ‘assess, refer and give advice’, and ‘teach the caller’. Most of the managers stated that health promotion should not be included in the goals, whereas equitable healthcare was viewed as an important issue. Varying suggestions for implementing equitable healthcare were given. Conclusions The interviewed managers mainly echoed the organisational goals of TN work. The managers’ expressed goal of teaching lacked the caller learning components highlighted by telenurses in previous research. The fact that health promotion was not seen as important indicates a need for SHD to clarify its goals as the organisation is part of the Swedish healthcare system, where health promotion should always permeate work. Time used for health promotion and dialogues in a gender equitable manner at SHD is well invested as it will save time elsewhere in the health care system, thereby facing one of the challenges of European health systems. PMID:24762193

2014-01-01

477

Psychosocial work conditions and quality of life among primary health care employees: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Workers in Primary Health Care are often exposed to stressful conditions at work. This study investigated the association between adverse psychosocial work conditions and poor quality of life among Primary Health Care workers. Methods This cross-sectional study included all 797 Primary Health Care workers of a medium-sized city, Brazil: doctors, nurses, nursing technicians and nursing assistants, dentists, oral health technicians, and auxiliary oral hygienists, and community health workers. Data were collected by interviews. Quality of life was assessed using the WHOQOL-BREF; general quality of life, as well as the physical, psychological, social and environmental domains were considered, with scores from 0 to 100. Higher scores indicate a better quality of life. Poor quality of life was defined by the lowest quartiles of the WHOQOL score distributions for each of the domains. Adverse psychosocial work conditions were investigated by the Effort-Reward Imbalance model. Associations were verified using multiple logistic regression. Results Poor quality of life was observed in 117 (15.4%) workers. Workers with imbalanced effort-reward (high effort/low reward) had an increased probability of general poor quality of life (OR?=?1.91; 1.07–3.42), and in the physical (OR?=?1.62; 1.02–2.66), and environmental (OR?=?2.39; 1.37–4.16) domains; those with low effort/low reward demonstrated a greater probability of poor quality of life in the social domain (OR?=?1.82; 1.00–3.30). Workers with overcommitment at work had an increased likelihood of poor quality of life in the physical (OR?=?1.55, 1.06–2.26) and environmental (OR?=?1.69; 1.08–2.65) domains. These associations were independent of individual characteristics, job characteristics, lifestyle, perception of general health, or psychological and biological functions. Conclusions There is an association between adverse psychosocial work conditions and poor quality of life among Primary Health Care workers. PMID:24884707

2014-01-01

478

Descriptive study of stress and satisfaction at work in the Saragossa university services and administration staff  

PubMed Central

Background The notion of stress in connection with the work environment became an important topic during the 1970's, when the first studies on the subject were published and the term of work stress was first coined. In 1974, Freudenberger proposed the term burnout to refer to the condition of physical and emotional exhaustion, as well as the associated negative attitudes, resulting from the intense interaction in working with people. The aim of our study is to examine burnout and job satisfaction in Saragossa University Services and Administration Staff (SAS) and detect the main factors which could contribute to too much stress, because job stress has emerged as a major psychosocial influence on mental health, associated with burnout. Methods 24 people from the Services and Administration Staff in the University of Saragossa participated in the study. The research was carried out during the implementation of a module on Stress Management organised by the University of Saragossa and commissioned to the Unit for Research in Physical Therapy (University School of Health Sciences) from that University. This research is an exploratory research to improve the stress management program. A personal interview was carried out and additionally, participants were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Scale of Satisfaction at Work of Warr, Cook & Wall. Results However using small sample this is worth to state that participants present most of them low burnout levels in the burnout scale. Only in one person high exhaustion level was reflected, even though other seven showed mean levels; in the professional self-esteem section, most of them showed high self-esteem, with two cases of low self-esteem and five with mean level. With regard to satisfaction people participating in the study show mean levels in intrinsic as much as in extrinsic factors and general satisfaction. Conclusions Services and Administration Staff from the University of Saragossa shows low burnout levels linked with high professional self-esteem and low emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. It has been found also medium levels in work satisfaction probably related with the continuous quality improvement efforts in the academics environment to create protective factors in decreasing levels of job stress. These results show that not only personality or temperament have an influence on burnout and stress, also the job conditions are related with these diseases. These aspects should be taken into account in the design of stress prevention programme at work. PMID:20409314

2010-01-01

479

A Note About HARP's State Trimming Method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This short note provides some additional insight into how the HARP program works. In some cases, it is possible for HARP to tdm away too many states and obtain an optimistic result. The HARP Version 7.0 manual warns the user that 'Unlike the ALL model, the SAME model can automatically drop failure modes for certain system models. The user is cautioned to insure that no important failure modes are dropped; otherwise, a non-conservative result can be given.' This note provides an example of where this occurs and a pointer to further documentation that gives a means of bounding the error associated with trimming these states.

Butler, Ricky W.; Hayhurst, Kelly J.; Johnson, Sally C.

1998-01-01

480

A Kepler's note on secular inequalities  

E-print Network

I discuss the problem of secular inequalities in Kepler by giving account of a manuscript note that has not been published until 1860. In his note Kepler points out the need for a model, clearly inspired by the method of epicycles, that describes the secular inequalities as periodic ones. I bring attention to this point, that seems to have been underestimated, since the references to Kepler's work usually report only that he observed a decreasing mean motion for Saturn and an increasing one for Jupiter.

Giorgilli, Antonio

2014-01-01

481

A Kepler's note on secular inequalities  

E-print Network

I discuss the problem of secular inequalities in Kepler by giving account of a manuscript note that has not been published until 1860. In his note Kepler points out the need for a model, clearly inspired by the method of epicycles, that describes the secular inequalities as periodic ones. I bring attention to this point, that seems to have been underestimated, since the references to Kepler's work usually report only that he observed a decreasing mean motion for Saturn and an increasing one for Jupiter.

Antonio Giorgilli

2014-02-13

482

Health Care Costs and the Socioeconomic Consequences of Work Injuries in Brazil: A Longitudinal Study  

PubMed Central

Work injuries are a worldwide public health problem but little is known about their socioeconomic impact. This prospective longitudinal study estimates the direct health care costs and socioeconomic consequences of work injuries for 406 workers identified in the emergency departments of the two largest public hospitals in Salvador, Brazil, from June through September 2005. After hospital discharge workers were followed up monthly until their return to work. Most insured workers were unaware of their rights or of how to obtain insurance benefits (81.6%). Approximately half the cases suffered loss of earnings, and women were more frequently dismissed than men. The most frequently reported family consequences were: need for a family member to act as a caregiver and difficulties with daily expenses. Total costs were US$40,077.00 but individual costs varied widely, according to injury severity. Out-of-pocket costs accounted for the highest proportion of total costs (50.5%) and increased with severity (57.6%). Most out-of-pocket costs were related to transport and purchasing medicines and other wound care products. The second largest contribution (40.6%) came from the public National Health System ? SUS. Employer participation was negligible. Health care funding must be discussed to alleviate the economic burden of work injuries on workers. PMID:23803496

SANTANA, Vilma Sousa; FERNANDES DE SOUZA, Luis Eugênio Portela; PINTO, Isabela Cardoso de Matos

2013-01-01

483

[An experimental study of nursing work load on the low back (author's transl)].  

PubMed

The relation between work postures and muscle load, the differences of muscle load in holding two different shaped objects, a human model and a box each weighting 20 kg, and the effects of wearing a belt and a corset to reduce the low back muscle load were studied in the experimental nursing work on physically and/or mentally handicapped patients. Four female healthy college students exercised a static and a dynamic nursing work designed for the experiment. E.M.G., heart rate, subjective symptoms and maximum sustaining time were measured during the work. Results are as follows: 1) The low back muscle load increased only in sustaining the forward bending posture. 2) The forward bending posture with a load weighing 20 kg caused shortening of the time to sustain the same posture. 3) The muscle load by holding the human model was larger compared to that by holding the box, and the muscle load was different according to the shape of the holding objects. 4) Wearing a belt and a corset was effective to reduce the low back muscle load by raising the abdominal pressure. PMID:158667

Shigeta, S; Misawa, T; Aikawa, H; Kondo, A

1979-03-01

484

Woodworking injuries: A comparative study of work-related and hobby-related accidents.  

PubMed

The primary objective of this study was to describe the injury characteristics and demographics of patients injured during woodworking activities, upon their arrival to the emergency department in a regional of France where this industry is prevalent. The secondary objective was to compare patient and injury characteristics for work-related and hobby-related accidents. A cohort of 87 patients who had suffered a woodworking accident over a two-year period was evaluated; 79 were available for follow-up. The context and circumstances of the accident, nature and location of the injuries and patient demographics were recorded. Hobby-related accidents accounted for two-thirds of the accidents (51/79). Most of the injured workers were either loggers (35%) or carpenters (46%). The hand was injured in 53 cases (67%). Work-related accidents resulted in significantly more serious consequences in terms of hospital stay, work stoppage, resumption of work or retraining than hobby-related accidents. For the workplace accidents, 86% occurred on new machines; more than 25% of the machines involved in accidents at home were over 15 years. Sixty-eight per cent of workers were wearing their safety gear, while only 31% of those injured during recreational woodworking wore the appropriate gear. Several elements of prevention should be improved: information about the need to maintain the equipment, protect the worker with suitable clothing, and learn which maneuvers are considered hazardous. Safety gear should be regularly inspected in the workplace. PMID:25043313

Loisel, F; Bonin, S; Jeunet, L; Pauchot, J; Tropet, Y; Obert, L

2014-10-01

485

NOTES: current status and expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Zusammenfassung  GRUNDLAGEN: Um die Größe von Hautinzisionen zu minimieren, hat sich die minimal invasive Chirurgie in den letzten Jahren weiterentwickelt.\\u000a Der faszinierendste Schritt ist nun Natural Orifice Tranlumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES), also endoskopische Chirurgie über\\u000a natürliche Körperöffnungen. In dieser Arbeit wird der derzeitige Stand von NOTES evaluiert. METHODIK: Übersicht zu NOTES.\\u000a ERGEBNISSE: NOTES wird derzeit an Tiermodellen optimiert und findet auch

A. Hussain; H. Mahmood

2008-01-01

486

Work and Risk: Perceptions of Nuclear-Power Personnel. a Study in Grounded Theory.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The utility industry has devoted time and money to assure personnel within nuclear power plants are informed about occupational risks. Radiation-protection training programs are designed to present information to employees about occupational radiation and protective procedures. Work -related concerns are known to create stress, affect the morale of the workforce, influence collective bargaining, and increase compensation claims. This study was designed to determine perceptions of risk among employees of nuclear power plants and identify variables that influence these perceptions. Four power plants were included in the study, one in Canada and three in the United States. Data were generated through participant observations and interviews of 350 participants during a period of 3 weeks at each plant. Data were gathered and analyzed following procedures advanced by Grounded Theory, a naturalistic methodology used in this study. Training content, information, and communication materials were additional sources of data. Findings indicated employees believed health and safety risks existed within the work environment. Perceptions of risk were influenced by training quality, the work environment, nuclear myths and images of the general public, and fears of family members. Among the three groups of workers, administration personnel, security personnel, and radiation workers, the latter identified a larger number of risks. Workers perceived radiation risks, shift work, and steam pipe ruptures as high-level concerns. Experiencing stress, making mistakes, and fear of sabotage were concerns shared among all employee groups at various levels of concern. Strategies developed by employees were used to control risk. Strategies included teamwork, humor, monitoring, avoidance, reframing, and activism. When risks were perceived as uncontrollable, the employee left the plant. A coping strategy of transferring concerns about radiological risks to nonradiological risks were uncovered in the data. Implications and recommendations include (a) the development of interactive training sessions concerning perceptions and facts of radiological exposures, (b) informational training for nonradiological employees, and (c) educational material development for family members and friends of employees.

Fields, Claire Dewitt

1992-01-01

487

Math 250A: Reading and Concepts for 9/26-10/5 General reading note: We are now transitioning into the study of fields: specifically, roots of polynomials,  

E-print Network

Math 250A: Reading and Concepts for 9/26-10/5 General reading note: We are now transitioning, transcendence degree. Reading: V.1 and VIII.1 of Lang. Concepts you should know: see above. · 9/28: Finishing). Reading: VIII.1, V.1 of Lang. · 10/1: Splitting fields and algebraic closure. Reading: V.2, V.3 of Lang

Fuchs, Elena

488

Emotional support predicts more sickness absence and poorer self assessed work ability: a two-year prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While back pain and stressful work environment are shown to be important causes of sickness absence the effect of psychosocial resources on sickness absence, and on self assessed work ability, is less commonly investigated. The aim of this study was to assess these associations in a two-year follow-up study. METHODS: 341 working people aged 45 to 64, randomly drawn

Nadine Karlsson; Elisabeth Skargren; Margareta Kristenson

2010-01-01

489

Lecture Notes on Operator Algebras  

E-print Network

Lecture Notes on Operator Algebras Draft: December 14, 2011 N.P. Landsman Institute for Mathematics by Einstein and Bohr, ended in 1925 with the discovery of quantum mechanics. This theory replaced classical-3652874 office: HG03.740 #12;1 HISTORICAL NOTES AND OVERVIEW 2 1 Historical notes and overview The theory

Bosma, Wieb

490

Working memory deficits in multiple sclerosis: a controlled study with auditory P600 correlates  

PubMed Central

Background: Recently, the P600 component of event related potentials, a waveform that is conceived to be generated and/or modulated by basal ganglia and cingulate area has been considered an index of the completion of any synchronised operation after target detection, having much in common with working memory operation. Moreover, dysfunction of these brain structures as well as working memory deficits have been implicated in the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of P600 elicited during a working memory test in multiple sclerosis patients compared with healthy controls. Methods: Twenty two definite, chronic progressive multiple sclerosis patients, with recent exacerbation of their illness, and 20 normal subjects matched for age, sex, and educational level, were studied with a computerised version of the digit span test of Wechsler batteries. Auditory P600 were measured during the anticipatory period of this test. Results: The patient group, as compared with healthy controls, showed significantly reduced latencies of P600 at left frontal areas and reduced P600 amplitudes at left temporoparietal region. Moreover, memory performance of patients was significantly more impaired when compared with healthy controls. Conclusions: These findings may indicate that multiple sclerosis is associated with abnormal features of the completion of synchronised operation after target detection, as they are reflected by P600 amplitudes and latencies. Dysfunction of this mechanism may contribute to the identification of basic cognitive processes that could account for the cognitive deficits in multiple sclerosis. PMID:12933924

Sfagos, C; Papageorgiou, C; Kosma, K; Kodopadelis, E; Uzunoglu, N; Vassilopoulos, D; Rabavilas, A

2003-01-01

491

Pilot study on doctors working in departments of forensic medicine in German-speaking areas.  

PubMed

Several directors of institutes of forensic and legal medicine in German-speaking areas have noticed a lack of young doctors with specialty qualifications (full board certification) in forensic medicine during recent years. The pilot study was intended to brainstorm the possible reasons for this shortage, by carrying out a survey of doctors working in departments of forensic medicine, paying particular attention to job satisfaction and opinions as to why there are fewer forensic specialists. We sent the link to an online questionnaire to all members of the societies of forensic medicine in Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Altogether, 129 respondents completed the questionnaire and were included in the study. Slightly more men than women replied; the mean age of all respondents was 41. Most respondents had completed their specialty training and worked full-time. In general, participants were moderately satisfied with their careers. Men reported greater career success than women, as determined by objective criteria. Career support was considered to be suboptimal. For most of the respondents, the level of enjoyment of working in forensic medicine was either higher than or approximately the same as the level recalled from five years earlier. Possible reasons for the lack of qualified doctors in forensic medicine institutes are the non-availability of both senior posts and specialty training posts. Career opportunities in forensic medicine are not considered to be attractive. PMID:24237822

Gauthier, S; Buddeberg-Fischer, B; Bucher, M; Thali, M; Bartsch, Ch

2013-11-01

492

Agricultural work and chronic musculoskeletal pain among Latino farm workers: the MICASA Study  

PubMed Central

Background Agriculture poses varied dangers to hired farm workers in the U.S., but little information exists on occupational risks for chronic musculoskeletal pain. We examined common work positions, such as kneeling, carrying heavy loads, and repetitive motion that may increase the risk for chronic musculoskeletal pain. Methods MICASA is a population-based study of occupational exposures and health in hired farm workers in California. This analysis includes 759 participants, 18–55 years old, engaged in farm work and residing in Mendota, CA. Chronic pain was defined as pain lasting six weeks or longer at specific body sites (back, knee, hip, etc.) over the entire farm