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1

A Study of Search Intermediary Working Notes: Implications for IR System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings from an exploratory study investigating working notes created during encoding and external storage (EES) processes, by human search inter- mediates using a Boolean information retrieval (IR) system. EES processes have been an important area of research in educational contexts where students create and use notes to facilitate learning. In the context of interactive IR, encoding can

Amanda Spink; Abby Goodrum

1996-01-01

2

Teaching Note--Educating Public Health Social Work Professionals: Results from an MSW/MPH Program Outcomes Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual-degree programs in public health and social work continue to proliferate, yet there has been little research on master's of social work (MSW)/master's of public health (MPH) graduates. The purpose of this study was to describe and better understand the self-reported professional experiences, identities, roles, and outcomes…

Ruth, Betty J.; Marshall, Jamie Wyatt; Velásquez, Esther E. M.; Bachman, Sara S.

2015-01-01

3

Social Work NoteS Research Holding the Torch of Knowledge  

E-print Network

Social Work NoteS Research Holding the Torch of Knowledge Bronze icon at the main entrance I S S O U R I #12;2 | Social Work Notes Greetings from the School of Social Work! The cover places on the generation of knowl- edge and the application of knowledge in the practice of social work

Taylor, Jerry

4

These notes are from 2010 Cap and Trade Working Already  

E-print Network

Acid Rain These notes are from 2010 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already December 15, 2009 10:14 AM across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term for acidification of the environment, which can occur

Toohey, Darin W.

5

Studying Resistance: Some Cautionary Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of "resistance" has oriented the field of critical ethnography for several generations now. Indeed, the reproduction-resistance binary has animated much of the most important, critical work in educational studies over the last 30 years. Yet, this reproduction-resistance binary has perhaps calcified in recent years. Such work often…

Dimitriadis, Greg

2011-01-01

6

Work Environment It is important to note the specific criteria you are seeking in a work environment  

E-print Network

Work Environment It is important to note the specific criteria you are seeking in a work small large established new other __________________________ Atmosphere fast-paced calm friendly hard-working other __________________________ Work Hours long short flexible set specify

Kay, Mark A.

7

Work Study Program Procedure Manual  

E-print Network

Work Study Program Procedure Manual Prepared by: Student Financial Services, Office..............................................................................................................2 Responsibilities of the Work Study Supervisor.....................................................6 Responsibilities of the Work Study Administrator...............................................7

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

8

Work Study Program Procedure Manual  

E-print Network

Work Study Program Procedure Manual Prepared by: Student Financial Services, Office..............................................................................................................2 Responsibilities of the Work Study Supervisor.....................................................5 Responsibilities of the Work Study Administrator...............................................6

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

9

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study  

E-print Network

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Minneapolis Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study #12;Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Background: · Currently, funding

Minnesota, University of

10

Performance Studies: Notes on the Early Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explain the development of the performance studies department at New York University (NYU), this paper describes the early years of the department as it began in the graduate drama department, noting how an association of concerned people, including Robert Corrigan, Richard Schechner, Monroe Lippman, Michael Kirby, and Brooks McNamara, and…

McNamara, Brooks

11

Using StudyMate Notes Overview  

E-print Network

by the user. These activities can be published in WebCT-OWL. The following guide will help you learn how to to WebCT-OWL Page 2 Create a StudyMate File Open the StudyMate application.1. Under the Start tab Edit Questions, Step 2 Edit Questions, Step 4 Settings, Step 1-5 #12;Notes Page 4 Publish to Web

Lennard, William N.

12

Transvesical NOTES: Survival Study in Porcine Model  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: The optimal access route and method for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has not been established. A transvesical approach, with its low rate of peritoneal contamination, is an effective clean portal of entry, but a safe urinary bladder closure has been a challenge. We developed a new technique for a safe, pure transvesical NOTES approach. Methods: Four female piglets were used in the study. With the pigs under anesthesia, a flexible cystoscope (15Fr) was used to make an endoscopic cystotomy; diagnostic peritoneoscopy of the abdominal quadrants was done with biopsies and hemostasis. At the end, a Vicryl loop was pushed to close the bladder incision while the incision edges were pulled inwards. The pigs were euthanized after 2 wk, and necropsies were performed. Results: No bowel injury was noted in any of the 4 pigs. Satisfactory bladder closure was done in 2 pigs, while a partial closure was achieved in 1 case. In the postoperative period, the pigs showed no signs of pain or distress, voided normally, and had a good appetite. On necropsy, we noted healed cystotomy incisions, no intraabdominal adhesions, and no adhesions at the site. Conclusion: Our new technique for endoscopic cystotomy overcomes previously reported risks for bowel injuries. Using this route gives good spatial orientation and access to all quadrants, including the pelvis. Biopsies with good hemostasis can be easily achieved. Lack of intraperitoneal changes postoperatively indicate that this procedure may be safe for humans. PMID:23484572

Subhas, Gokulakkrishna; Gupta, Aditya; Jacobs, Michael J.; Decker, Melissa; Silberberg, Boris; Mittal, Vijay K.

2012-01-01

13

Images of Imaging: Notes on Doing Longitudinal Field Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the processes involved in a field study of technological change in radiology and how researchers can design a qualitative study and then collect data in a systematic and explicit manner. Illustrates the social and human problems of gaining entry into a research site, constructing a research role, and managing relationships. (63…

Barley, Stephen R.

1990-01-01

14

Teaching Note--Heterosexism as Experienced by LGBT Social Work Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As social work educators, much of our practice involves helping students think critically about complex political, economic, and social issues. One of the most complex and contentious sociopolitical issues of our time has been civil rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons. This teaching note considers how we, as LGBT…

Johnson, Lisa M.

2014-01-01

15

A Study of Actions in Operative Notes  

PubMed Central

Operative notes contain rich information about techniques, instruments, and materials used in procedures. To assist development of effective information extraction (IE) techniques for operative notes, we investigated the sublanguage used to describe actions within the operative report ‘procedure description’ section. Deep parsing results of 362,310 operative notes with an expanded Stanford parser using the SPECIALIST Lexicon resulted in 200 verbs (92% coverage) including 147 action verbs. Nominal action predicates for each action verb were gathered from WordNet, SPECIALIST Lexicon, New Oxford American Dictionary and Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. Coverage gaps were seen in existing lexical, domain, and semantic resources (Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus, SPECIALIST Lexicon, WordNet and FrameNet). Our findings demonstrate the need to construct surgical domain-specific semantic resources for IE from operative notes. PMID:23304423

Wang, Yan; Pakhomov, Serguei; Burkart, Nora E.; Ryan, James O.; Melton, Genevieve B.

2012-01-01

16

Sex work: a comparative study.  

PubMed

Explanations of adult involvement in sex work typically adopt one of two approaches. One perspective highlights a variety of negative experiences in childhood and adolescence, including physical and sexual abuse, family instability, poverty, associations with "pimps" and other exploiters, homelessness, and drug use. An alternative account recognizes that some of these factors may be involved, but underscores the contribution of more immediate circumstances, such as current economic needs, human capital, and employment opportunities. Prior research offers a limited assessment of these contrasting claims: most studies have focused exclusively on people working in the sex industry and they have not assessed the independent effects of life course variables central to these two perspectives. We add to this literature with an analysis that drew on insights from life course and life-span development theories and considered the contributions of factors from childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Our comparative approach examined predictors of employment in sex work relative to two other low-income service or care work occupations: food and beverage serving and barbering and hairstyling. Using data from a study of almost 600 workers from two cities, one in Canada and the other in the United States, we found that both immediate circumstances and negative experiences from early life are related to current sex work involvement: childhood poverty, abuse, and family instability were independently associated with adult sex work, as were limited education and employment experience, adult drug use, and marital status. PMID:24671729

McCarthy, Bill; Benoit, Cecilia; Jansson, Mikael

2014-10-01

17

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

18

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

19

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Disability Studies can or family practice. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

20

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Diaspora Studies can lead, children's services, residential centres and family services. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Social Work

21

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America. We

22

Noted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considering how much attention people lavish on the technologies of writing--scroll, codex, print, screen--it's striking how little they pay to the technologies for digesting and regurgitating it. One way or another, there's no sector of the modern world that is not saturated with note-taking--the bureaucracy, the liberal professions, the…

Nunberg, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

23

Electronic Nursing Notes: A Case Study on Interdisciplinary Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an interdisciplinary collaboration between the Computer & Information Technology (CIT) and Nursing (NSG) Departments at the Middletown and Hamilton regional campuses of Miami University (of Ohio), student team members created a Web-based application to create Electronic Nursing Notes. Students from the two departments worked together to design…

Howard, Elizabeth V.; Teets, Janet

2006-01-01

24

University Studies Diversity of Human Experience Note: In this scoring guide, "diversity" refers to differences in ethnic, religious, and  

E-print Network

University Studies Diversity of Human Experience Note: In this scoring guide, "diversity" refers within the broader context of human experience, demonstrating a sophisticated awareness · discusses personal experience within the broader context of human experience, demonstrating a working

25

VA Work-Study (Information/Application)  

E-print Network

PENNSTATE VA Work-Study (Information/Application) Preparedby: Office of Veterans Programs ThePennsylvaniaStateUniversity 325BouckeBuilding UniversityPark,PA16802-5901 Phone:(814)863-0465 What is VA work-study? As a recipient of VA educational benefits, you may be eligible to apply for VA work-study. As a VA work- study

Maroncelli, Mark

26

Federal Work-Study Program AUTHORIZATION FORM  

E-print Network

2013-2014 Federal Work-Study Program AUTHORIZATION FORM Supervisor Section Name of Dept-mail: Federal Work-Study Awarded for Academic Year 2013-2014: Supervisor's E-mail : Wage Rate/hour: Northwestern University Work-Study Office 1801 Hinman Avenue, 2nd Floor Evanston, IL 60208-1270 Work-Study Coordinator

Shahriar, Selim

27

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate 1 #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Undergraduate Social Work and Applied Social Studies What is Social Work? `The social work profession promotes social change' (International Federation of Social Workers, 2000) Social work is an exceptionally interesting, challenging

Burton, Geoffrey R.

28

Sex Work: A Comparative Study  

E-print Network

poverty, associations with “pimps” and other exploiters, homelessness, and drug use.poverty, abuse, and family instability were independently associated with adult sex work, as were limited education and employment experience, adult drug use,

McCarthy, Bill

2014-01-01

29

Studying Strategies Notes from the Office  

E-print Network

, if you google "preposition practice", you'll get lots of results. Practice whatever you're studying remember that it's illegal to drive without a license and without car insurance. If you are planning to get

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

30

Studying Strategies Notes from the Office  

E-print Network

, if you google "preposition practice", you'll get lots of results. Practice whatever you're studying to drive without a license and without car insurance. If you are planning to get your driver license, make

Mair, Bernard A.

31

Studying Strategies Notes from the Office  

E-print Network

, if you google "preposition practice", you'll get lots of results. Practice whatever you're studying that it's illegal to drive without a license and without car insurance. If you are planning to get your

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

32

Note - \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Gorman and Kanet (2005) we introduced the Author Affiliation Index (AAI) and how it could be used to rate the quality of operations management-related journals. Since then, Olson (2005) surveyed operations management professors from top U.S. universities and reported their assessment of the quality of various operations management-related journals. This paper compares the results of these two studies and

Michael F. Gorman; John J. Kanet

2007-01-01

33

Education and Work Councils: Four Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of four case studies represents the conclusion of a two-phase study of a federal program to sponsor education and work councils. Following an outline of the history and concept of education and work councils as well as the findings of a study of such councils, the importance of council collaboration with selected sectors is…

Prager, Audrey; And Others

34

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate #12;Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences 2, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staff are at the forefront, in 2011 we were awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for our work on poverty and vulnerable people

Burton, Geoffrey R.

35

Lives and Deaths: Biographical Notes on Selections from the Works of Edwin S. Shneidman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edwin S. Shneidman (DOB: 1918-05-13; DOD: 2009-05-15) is a father of contemporary suicidology. His work reflects the intensive study of lives lived and deaths, especially suicides, and is the mirror to his mind. His contributions can be represented by five categories: psychological assessment, logic, Melville and Murray, suicide, and death. His…

Leenaars, Antoon A.

2010-01-01

36

Student Study Habits Using Notes from a Speech-to-Text Support Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 36 high school and college students with hearing impairments and 36 teachers indicated variable use of study strategies with notes among students and a lack of knowledge among teachers about the use of notes for studying. Results suggest the need for instruction on note usage and study skills. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)

Elliot, Lisa; Foster, Susan; Stinson, Michael

2002-01-01

37

Earn, Learn...Serve? Federal Work-Study Program Confronts Midlife Crises as It Nears 40.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that although research indicates that integrating work experience with schools is a key workforce development strategy, the Federal Work-Study (FWS) program, which provides campuses with matching funds to support part-time jobs for financially needy students, is being threatened. Describes the FWS program, noting that a growing body of…

Marzick, Abbey

2003-01-01

38

Work Steals Valuable Sleep Time, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Work Steals Valuable Sleep Time, Study Finds Flexible start times, less late-night TV would ... research would back you up, he said. "We find people who are sleep deprived are more likely ...

39

Study in Germany / Work in Germany  

E-print Network

) Intermediate & Advanced German Language and Culture Courses; live in a home with German family Six creditsStudy in Germany / Work in Germany Opportunities Prof. Dr. Silke R. Falkner German Programme Coordinator silke.falkner@usask.ca Tel.: 966-5744 #12;Content I. Opportunities for Study in Germany II. German

Peak, Derek

40

Illumination influences working memory: an EEG study.  

PubMed

Illumination conditions appear to influence working efficacy in everyday life. In the present study, we obtained electroencephalogram (EEG) correlates of working-memory load, and investigated how these waveforms are modulated by illumination conditions. We hypothesized that illumination conditions may affect cognitive performance. We designed an EEG study to monitor and record participants' EEG during the Sternberg working memory task under four different illumination conditions. Illumination conditions were generated with a factorial design of two color-temperatures (3000 and 7100 K) by two illuminance levels (150 and 700 lx). During a working memory task, we observed that high illuminance led to significantly lower frontal EEG theta activity than did low illuminance. These differences persisted despite no significant difference in task performance between illumination conditions. We found that the latency of an early event-related potential component, such as N1, was significantly modulated by the illumination condition. The fact that the illumination condition affects brain activity but not behavioral performance suggests that the lighting conditions used in the present study did not influence the performance stage of behavioral processing. Nevertheless, our findings provide objective evidence that illumination conditions modulate brain activity. Further studies are necessary to refine the optimal lighting parameters for facilitating working memory. PMID:23694704

Park, Jin Young; Min, Byoung-Kyong; Jung, Young-Chul; Pak, Hyensou; Jeong, Yeon-Hong; Kim, Eosu

2013-09-01

41

Teaching Note--Ask the Audience: Using Student Response Systems in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work educators are uniquely tasked with balancing content while helping students evaluate personal biases and develop ethical conduct necessary for social work professionalism. Social work education may benefit from technology like Student Response Systems (SRS) that allow educators to pose questions on sensitive topics in real time while…

Friedline, Terri; Mann, Aaron R.; Lieberman, Alice

2013-01-01

42

New Study Finds Substance That Helps Working Memory Work Better  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. Maura Furey and her colleagues have found that the drug physostigmine apparently aids and improves performance of everyday working memory. Working memory is the process which temporarily holds information such as a phone number until a person is able to dial the number. Working with a variety of taxa from mice to monkeys, scientists interested in the causes of aging have recently made significant advances in scientists' understanding of the aging process. Researchers have long realized that aging and the pathologies associated with it have evolutionary, physiological and genetic causes, although the relative influence of each of these has been debated. By testing hypotheses in diverse fields, and with a variety of species (from short-lived to long-lived), researchers are growing closer to building an understanding of the mechanisms underlying the aging process.

1997-01-01

43

Some Nuances in Intersubjective Attachment Systems: Discussion of Shelley Doctors' Article, “Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological and Intersubjective Clinical Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I discuss Doctors's (2006) inclusive model presented in her paper, “Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological\\/Intersubjective Clinical Work.” I distinguish between linear stabilities of patterning emphasized by many attachment researchers and nonlinear properties of dyadic systems emphasized by relational and intersubjective systems, self–psychologists, and infant researchers, noting that Doctors brings both sensibilities into

Judith Pickles

2008-01-01

44

Teacher Curriculum Work Center: A Descriptive Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of a continuing series initiated to provide materials for teachers, parents, school administrators, and governmental decision-makers that might encourage reexamination of a range of evaluation issues and perspectives about schools and schooling. This monograph is a descriptive study of the Teacher Curriculum Work Center,…

Feiman, Sharon

45

Research Teenagers' part-time employment and their Note work-related attitudes and aspirations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary We assessed the relationship between the quality (i.e., job characteristics, role stressors, and interpersonal relationships) and quantity of part-time employment, and work- related attitudes and aspirations among 349 students. Neither the linear nor the quad- ratic components of employment quantity predicted any of the outcome variables. Motivation to do good work was predicted both by role stressors and by

CATHERINE A. LOUGHLIN; JULIAN BARLING

1998-01-01

46

Teaching Note--Incorporating Journal Clubs into Social Work Education: An Exploratory Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the implementation of a journal club for master's and doctoral social work students interested in mental health practice. It defines educational journal clubs and discusses the history of journal clubs in medical education and the applicability of the model to social work education. The feasibility of implementing…

Moore, Megan; Fawley-King, Kya; Stone, Susan I.; Accomazzo, Sarah M.

2013-01-01

47

Counting the notes: Numerology in the works of Mozart, especially Die Zauberflöte  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-standard contribution to Mozart's bicentenary year is made by showing that he was a refined numerologist, especially in the opera Die Zauberflöte (1791), but also in some other works of his maturity. An extensive analysis of this opera is furnished, showing that the numerology is evident not only in the structure of the work and the design of melodies

I. Grattan-Guinness

1992-01-01

48

Teaching Note--Integrating Prevention Content into Clinical Social Work Practice Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in health care services and delivery suggest an upcoming paradigm shift in the field of mental health. Recent national reports, health care policy changes, and growing evidence support a shift toward prevention-focused mental health care. The social work profession is uniquely positioned to act as leaders in this shift as the…

Rishel, Carrie W.

2014-01-01

49

Research Note--A Pilot Cyber Counseling Course in a Graduate Social Work Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyber counseling is a new and growing medium for offering mental health services to children and youth. However, there is a lack of identification of the core competencies required to provide effective online counseling. A school of social work, in partnership with a national service agency providing online counseling to children and youth,…

Mishna, Faye; Tufford, Lea; Cook, Charlene; Bogo, Marion

2013-01-01

50

The Use of Enhanced Guided Notes in an Electric Circuit Class: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to evaluate students' (n=70) learning performance after their participation in lectures using enhanced guided notes (EGN) in an electric circuits course for non-electrical engineering students. Unlike traditional guided notes, EGN include questions that prompt students to evaluate their metacognitive knowledge. The results…

Lawanto, O.

2012-01-01

51

Notes for a Theory of Evaluation: How Writers Judge Their Own Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of descriptions of the composing process and of the analytical tools developed to measure, describe, and judge student writing suggests that a comprehensive theory of evaluation is an important next step for composition theorists and researchers who want to understand how people learn to write. A study involving three groups of…

Miller, Susan

52

A study on the relationships between age, work experience, cognition, and work ability in older employees working in heavy industry  

PubMed Central

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation of age, work experience, cognition, and work ability in older employees working in heavy industry. [Subjects and Methods] The study was conducted using 100 subjects who were over 55?years old and worked in heavy industry. To obtain data, we first had the subjects complete the MoCA-K test and Work Ability Index (WAI). The data were then analyzed by frequency and correlation using statistical software (SPSS 21.0). [Results] Through this study, we discovered a significant positive correlation between WAI and MoCA-K, age, and work experience. [Conclusion] This study revealed that work ability in older employees increases not with the number of years worked but with the enhancement of cognitive ability. Special management that focuses on cognition is therefore required for senior employees working in the field of heavy industry. PMID:25642062

Chung, Jaeyeop; Park, Juhyung; Cho, Milim; Park, Yunhee; Kim, DeokJu; Yang, Dongju; Yang, Yeongae

2015-01-01

53

ADIFOR: Automatic differentiation in a source translator environment. ADIFOR Working Note No. 5  

SciTech Connect

The numerical methods employed in the solution of many scientific computing problems require the computation of derivatives of a function f: R{sup n} {yields} R{sup m}. ADIFOR (Automatic Differentiation in FORtran) is a source transformation tool that accepts Fortran 77 code for the computation of a function and writes portable Fortran 77 code for the computation of the derivatives. In contrast to previous approaches, ADIFOR views automatic differentiation as a source transformation problem and employs the data analysis capabilities of the ParaScope Fortran programming environment. Experimental results show that ADIFOR can handle real- life codes and that ADIFOR-generated codes are competitive with divided-difference approximations of derivatives. In addition, studies suggest that the source-transformation approach to automatic differentation may improve the time required to compute derivatives by orders of magnitude.

Bischof, C.; Corliss, G.; Griewank, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carle, A. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Center for Research on Parallel Computation

1992-07-01

54

Portland State University Federal Work-Study  

E-print Network

- Adolescent Unit, Office Assistant, Assistant Teen Outreach Worker, Early Childhood Ed., Chemistry Work Elementary School, Host Development, Inc., Insights Teen Parent Program, Lincoln High School, Northeast

55

A case study: Integrated work environment and organizational change  

SciTech Connect

The failure to integrate environmental and organizational interventions may help explain the lack of success of many change efforts. The high rate of failure for change efforts (50% to 90% failure rates) has been noted by many writers. While specific causes of failure are diverse, a common theme has been failure to consider the organization as a system. That is, either significant aspects of the organization were ignored during the intervention or potential impacts of changes on the elements were overlooked or underestimated. Our own training, technical literature, and professional culture lead us to limited understandings of complex organizations. Change agents must consider all relevant components of organizational performance if interventions are to be meaningful and successful. This study demonstrated the value of an integrated organizational intervention involving redesign of the physical environment, introduction of a new information system, work process improvement, and extended organizational development intervention. The outcomes were extremely positive. The cost of improvement efforts was found to be recaptured within a short time, easily justifying the expenditures. One conclusion from the study is that integrated interventions are very powerful. Integrating improvement of the physical environment with organizational development and technological innovation greatly enhances the likelihood of achieving a successful intervention.

Heubach, J.G.; Montgomery, J.C.; Weimer, W.C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Heerwagen, J.H. [Battelle Seattle Research Center, WA (United States)

1995-02-01

56

FEDERAL WORK STUDY (Effective Date -07/01/13)  

E-print Network

FEDERAL WORK STUDY REFERENCE MANUAL (Effective Date - 07/01/13) PROCEDURES AND FORMS FEDERAL WORK STUDY PROGRAM STUDENT FINANCIAL AID & SCHOLARSHIPS OFFICE FEDERAL WORK STUDY COORDINATOR: CONNIE Center Room #134 #12;July 1, 2013 Federal Work Study Manual Page ii CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION A

Mohanty, Saraju P.

57

Do the Poor Want to Work? A Social-Psychological Study of Work Orientations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is concerned with understanding the differences and similarities in the work orientations of poor people, welfare recipients and participants in federal work-training programs, as compared with the work orientations of middle-class families having steady employment. Data were gathered from more than 4,000 persons through work

Goodwin, Leonard

58

What drives the persistence of presenteeism as a managerial value in hotels?: Observations noted during an Irish work-life balance research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research project on work-life balance and Irish hotel managers by McLaughlin and Cullen (Managers and work-life balance: a case of Irish hospitality industry, Irish Management Institute, Dublin) noted high levels of presenteeism amongst focus group participants. This paper analyses the qualitative data obtained during this project with a view to identifying drivers of this finding and discusses possible consequences

John Cullen; Andrew McLaughlin

2006-01-01

59

Student Employment Application (Regular or Work-Study)  

E-print Network

Student Employment Application (Regular or Work-Study) Revised: 11/16/2012 Name: Date: Last First No Are you eligible for work study? Yes No Are you currently employed in any other departments on campus? Yes presently legally authorized to work in the United States? Yes No Employment History: (Please list your work

60

The New Congressionally Mandated Studies: Notes toward Species Identification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new NIE (National Institute of Education) projects, Compensatory Education Study (Hill et al., 1976, 1977a, 1977b) and the Vocational Education Study (David et al., 1978), along with an earlier Safe Schools Study, are being considered in the evaluation community as possible new paradigms for research. Results of previous evaluation studies

Datta, Lois-ellin

61

Psychological career resources and subjective work experiences of working adults: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the psychological career resources (as measured by the Psychological Career Resources Inventory) and the subjective work experiences of a sample of working adults (as measured by a four- item global work experiences scale). The research also aimed to explore broad trends regarding how the participants diff ered on these

M. Coetzee; Z. C. Bergh

62

29 CFR 570.37 - Work-study program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Work-study program. 570.37 Section 570.37...Child Labor Reg. 3) § 570.37 Work-study program. (a) This section varies...school-supervised and school-administered work-study program that meets the...

2011-07-01

63

29 CFR 570.37 - Work-study program.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Work-study program. 570.37 Section 570.37...Child Labor Reg. 3) § 570.37 Work-study program. (a) This section varies...school-supervised and school-administered work-study program that meets the...

2014-07-01

64

29 CFR 570.37 - Work-study program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Work-study program. 570.37 Section 570.37...Child Labor Reg. 3) § 570.37 Work-study program. (a) This section varies...school-supervised and school-administered work-study program that meets the...

2013-07-01

65

29 CFR 570.37 - Work-study program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Work-study program. 570.37 Section 570.37...Child Labor Reg. 3) § 570.37 Work-study program. (a) This section varies...school-supervised and school-administered work-study program that meets the...

2012-07-01

66

Barriers to working with sexual assault survivors: a qualitative study of rape crisis center workers.  

PubMed

To better understand barriers service providers may face when advocating for survivors, a study using grounded theory and qualitative, semistructured interviews was conducted of rape victim advocates (N= 25) working in rape crisis centers in a large metropolitan area. Broader societal attitudes framed and were reflected in institutional responses to victims and in barriers faced by advocates working with survivors. Organizational barriers noted by advocates related to resources, environmental factors, professionalization, and racism. Staff burnout was a major barrier affecting advocates' ability to help survivors. Finally, the most salient direct service barrier was secondary victimization by criminal justice and medical or mental health systems. PMID:17420518

Ullman, Sarah E; Townsend, Stephanie M

2007-04-01

67

International scoping study: accelerator working group report  

SciTech Connect

During the past several years, an International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Neutrino Factory was carried out, with the aim of developing an internationally accepted baseline facility design. Progress toward that goal will be described. Many of the key technical aspects of a Neutrino Factory facility design are presently being investigated experimentally, and the status of these investigations will be mentioned. Plans for the recently launched International Design Study (IDS), which serves as a follow-on to the ISS, will be briefly described.

Zisman, Michael; Zisman, M.S.

2006-09-30

68

Blue Note  

ScienceCinema

Argonne's Murray Gibson is a physicist whose life's work includes finding patterns among atoms. The love of distinguishing patterns also drives Gibson as a musician and Blues enthusiast."Blue" notes are very harmonic notes that are missing from the equal temperament scale.The techniques of piano blues and jazz represent the melding of African and Western music into something totally new and exciting.

Murray Gibson

2010-01-08

69

Blue Note  

SciTech Connect

Argonne's Murray Gibson is a physicist whose life's work includes finding patterns among atoms. The love of distinguishing patterns also drives Gibson as a musician and Blues enthusiast."Blue" notes are very harmonic notes that are missing from the equal temperament scale.The techniques of piano blues and jazz represent the melding of African and Western music into something totally new and exciting.

Murray Gibson

2007-04-27

70

Sex Work and Students: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available evidence suggests that changes in the funding of higher education have led to some students entering the sex industry in order to make ends meet. The current study comprises a sample of undergraduates (N=130) in the south of England, who completed a cross-sectional survey of their financial circumstances, health, psychological…

Roberts, Ron; Bergstrom, Sandra; La Rooy, David

2007-01-01

71

Extravehicular Crewman Work System (ECWS) study program. Volume 2: Construction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The construction portion of the Extravehicular Crewman Work System Study defines the requirements and selects the concepts for the crewman work system required to support the construction of large structures in space.

Wilde, R. C.

1980-01-01

72

Heaping in anniversary reaction studies: a cautionary note.  

PubMed

Several studies have reported evidence that death is often associated with significant ceremonial events like holidays and birthdays, a phenomenon variously called the "anniversary reaction," "holiday effect," "birthday blues," etc. This article, using data from the social security death index (SSDI), shows how evidence for this phenomenon can arise from an artifact in death records called "death heaping" in which certain dates, usually the 1st or the 15th, are systematically entered for missing data. In this study, each calendar birthday for the year 2003 in the SSDI was paired with either the 14th or 15th calendar day of death. For each pairing, there were more deaths for the 15th than the 14th. A second analysis compared the correspondence between dying on the same day of the month as one's birthday for the first 28 days of the month. A significantly greater number of birth-death combinations occurred for the 1st and 15th day of the month. These results suggest that studies of "anniversary reactions" should conduct preliminary evaluations to consider the possibility that statistically significant relationships do not arise from "death heaping." PMID:17844772

Abel, Ernest L; Kruger, Michael L

73

Notes & Tips Paraquat administration in Drosophila for use in metabolic studies of oxidative stress  

E-print Network

Notes & Tips Paraquat administration in Drosophila for use in metabolic studies of oxidative stress in sucrose can itself be stressful. We examined a novel method of PQ administration: incorporation Keywords: Paraquat Oxidative stress Drosophila melanogaster a b s t r a c t Paraquat (PQ) is widely used

Merritt, Thomas J. S.

74

"Climate change is sure to occur in some form." The study of climate impacts notes  

E-print Network

"Climate change is sure to occur in some form." 1 #12;The study of climate impacts notes how scientists generally agree that humans are changing the climate, and that if we continue pumping carbon we learn from past climate variations? How can we best adapt to climate change? This report attempts

75

CDF note 7538 Study of B s oscillations in B s  

E-print Network

describes the #12;rst CDF analysis of B s oscillations in fully reconstructed decays. With the available. DATA SAMPLE & EVENT SELECTION The data sample used in this analysis was collected by the CDF detectorCDF note 7538 Study of B s oscillations in B s ! D s #25; + The CDF Collaboration URL http://www-cdf

Fermilab

76

CDF note 7941 Updated Study of B s Oscillations in B s  

E-print Network

of the CDF analysis of B s oscillations in fully reconstructed decays. We investigate a wide range of BCDF note 7941 Updated Study of B s Oscillations in B s ! D s (3)#25; The CDF Collaboration URL http://www-cdf.fnal.gov (Dated: November 16, 2005) We present an analysis of Bs mixing in fully reconstructed Bs decays. Five Bs

Fermilab

77

Academic and Work-Related Burnout: A Longitudinal Study of Working Undergraduate University Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the interaction between academic burnout and work-related burnout for a sample of working undergraduate university students. Using a longitudinal design we found that the factors of burnout (Exhaustion, Cynicism, and Efficacy) change significantly over the semester. In addition, the study suggests there are distinct differences in how…

Galbraith, Craig S.; Merrill, Gregory B.

2012-01-01

78

The Professional Work of Teachers in Singapore: Findings from a Work-Shadowing Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional activities that constitute the work of school teachers are known to be both numerous and varied. While managing teacher workloads is a major priority for governments around the world, valid and reliable figures are difficult to obtain. From a larger qualitative study of teachers' work culture in Singapore, we report data…

Lee, Y.-J.; Poon, C. L.

2014-01-01

79

"Not Too Late to Take the Sanitation Test": Notes of a Non-Gifted Academic from the Working Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working-class academic narratives reveal a number of common themes, like dual estrangement and internalized class conflict. A less popularized motif is the bookish child who is catapulted out of her working-class origins. But some working-class academics, like myself, were not academically ambitious as children. I am a nontraditional working-class…

Borkowski, David

2004-01-01

80

Mental Representation and Problem Solving in Work-Study Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transitional situations, such as those experienced by work study students, may create cognitive difficulties by requiring people to simultaneously use both a learning and a use logic. To examine this phenomenon, a problem solving task (electrical schemata of a washing machine) was administered to 43 full time students and 51 work study students…

Colardyn, Danielle; White, Kathleen M.

81

Work Experiences of Latina Immigrants: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost half of the Latino immigrants working in the United States are women. However, studies concerning the work experiences of Latinas are almost absent in the literature. This article reports the findings from a qualitative study using eight focus groups (n = 53) of Latina immigrant workers. The focus group transcripts were analyzed using the…

Eggerth, Donald E.; DeLaney, Sheli C.; Flynn, Michael A.; Jacobson, C. Jeff

2012-01-01

82

What Works Clearinghouse[TM] Reporting Guide for Study Authors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidance about how to describe studies and report their findings in a way that is clear, complete, and transparent. This document does not include information about how studies are judged against What Works Clearinghouse evidence standards. For information about What Works Clearinghouse evidence standards, please refer to…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

2012-01-01

83

Thirty-Five Years of Studying Work and Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author and Karen Gyllstrom began working on the study that resulted in the highly cited article entitled, "Working Men and Women: Inter-and Intra-role Conflict" (Herman & Gyllstrom, "Psychology of Women Quarterly" 1977) probably more for personal than professional reasons. The study was based on Gyllstrom's master's thesis. The focus of…

Brett, Jeanne M.

2011-01-01

84

Editor's Notes  

E-print Network

im EDITOR'S NOTES The editorial staff of AUSLEGUNG announces a tribute to Albert Einstein on the 100th anniversary of his birth. Papers which deal with the work of Einstein are welcome and should be received no later than April 30, 19 79. A...

85

NCI-NHGRI Working Group on Replication in Association Studies  

E-print Network

NCI-NHGRI Working Group on Replication in Association Studies The study of human genetics has of the underlying population. Heterogeneity in classification of outcomes across studies can undermine the opportu European studies35 . Unfortunately, different risk alleles and haplotypes were reported in each study

Abecasis, Goncalo

86

Should Middle School Students with Learning Problems Copy and Paste Notes from the Internet? Mixed-Methods Evidence of Study Barriers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the experimental phase of this mixed-methods study, 49 middle school students receiving special education services took notes from the Internet under either a written notes or a copy-and-paste notes condition. Immediate, cued-recall measures of factual learning showed that students who wrote their notes were better able to recall what they had…

Igo, L. Brent; Bruning, Roger A.; Riccomini, Paul J.

2009-01-01

87

Predicting Work Activities with Divergent Thinking Tests: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether divergent thinking test scores obtained from engineering students during college predicted creative work activities fifteen years later. Results showed that a subscore of the "Owens Creativity Test", which assesses divergent thinking about mechanical objects, correlated significantly with self-ratings of creative work

Clapham, Maria M.; Cowdery, Edwina M.; King, Kelly E.; Montang, Melissa A.

2005-01-01

88

Soul Work: A Phenomenological Study of College English Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English teachers can encourage writing that opens college students to transformative learning through what John Dirkx called soul work. This soul work involves the conscious attempt to bring to the surface myths, images, and metaphors from the unconscious through imaginative writing and thinking processes. Participants in this study engaged in…

Ashby, Sjon F.

2011-01-01

89

Cohort profile: The lidA Cohort Study—a German Cohort Study on Work, Age, Health and Work Participation  

PubMed Central

The lidA Cohort Study (German Cohort Study on Work, Age, Health and Work Participation) was set up to investigate and follow the effects of work and work context on the physical and psychological health of the ageing workforce in Germany and subsequently on work participation. Cohort participants are initially employed people subject to social security contributions and born in either 1959 (n = 2909) or 1965 (n = 3676). They were personally interviewed in their homes in 2011 and will be visited every 3 years. Data collection comprises socio-demographic data, work and private exposures, work ability, work and work participation attitudes, health, health-related behaviour, personality and attitudinal indicators. Employment biographies are assessed using register data. Subjective health reports and physical strength measures are complemented by health insurance claims data, where permission was given. A conceptual framework has been developed for the lidA Cohort Study within which three confirmatory sub-models assess the interdependencies of work and health considering age, gender and socioeconomic status. The first set of the data will be available to the scientific community by 2015. Access will be given by the Research Data Centre of the German Federal Employment Agency at the Institute for Employment Research (http://fdz.iab.de/en.aspx). PMID:24618186

Hasselhorn, Hans Martin; Peter, Richard; Rauch, Angela; Schröder, Helmut; Swart, Enno; Bender, Stefan; du Prel, Jean-Baptist; Ebener, Melanie; March, Stefanie; Trappmann, Mark; Steinwede, Jacob; Müller, Bernd Hans

2014-01-01

90

Cohort profile: The lidA Cohort Study-a German Cohort Study on Work, Age, Health and Work Participation.  

PubMed

The lidA Cohort Study (German Cohort Study on Work, Age, Health and Work Participation) was set up to investigate and follow the effects of work and work context on the physical and psychological health of the ageing workforce in Germany and subsequently on work participation. Cohort participants are initially employed people subject to social security contributions and born in either 1959 (n = 2909) or 1965 (n = 3676). They were personally interviewed in their homes in 2011 and will be visited every 3 years. Data collection comprises socio-demographic data, work and private exposures, work ability, work and work participation attitudes, health, health-related behaviour, personality and attitudinal indicators. Employment biographies are assessed using register data. Subjective health reports and physical strength measures are complemented by health insurance claims data, where permission was given. A conceptual framework has been developed for the lidA Cohort Study within which three confirmatory sub-models assess the interdependencies of work and health considering age, gender and socioeconomic status. The first set of the data will be available to the scientific community by 2015. Access will be given by the Research Data Centre of the German Federal Employment Agency at the Institute for Employment Research (http://fdz.iab.de/en.aspx). PMID:24618186

Hasselhorn, Hans Martin; Peter, Richard; Rauch, Angela; Schröder, Helmut; Swart, Enno; Bender, Stefan; du Prel, Jean-Baptist; Ebener, Melanie; March, Stefanie; Trappmann, Mark; Steinwede, Jacob; Müller, Bernd Hans

2014-12-01

91

Working-Class Students Need More Friends at University: A Cautionary Note for Australia's Higher Education Equity Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2008, Denise Bradley and colleagues published their "Review of Australian Higher Education." A key point of the Bradley Review was to highlight the long-standing under-representation of working-class people at Australia's universities. Working-class people represent 25% of Australia's general population; however, they represent only 15% of…

Rubin, Mark

2012-01-01

92

Deepwater Horizon Study Group Working Paper January 2011  

E-print Network

Deepwater Horizon Study Group Working Paper ­ January 2011 cleanup is often supported by the benefits of an increased oil biodegradation-dispersed oil. Further increasing the rate of biodegradation, the dispersed oil droplets

Silver, Whendee

93

A Qualitative Study of the Work Environments of Mexican Nurses  

PubMed Central

Background Studies of the nursing work environment are increasingly common in developed countries, but few exist in developing countries. Because of resource differences between the two contexts, researchers need to clarify what aspects of the work environments are similar and different. Objectives To study the perspectives of Mexican nurses about their work environments to determine similarities and differences to results from developed world studies. Design A secondary, directed content analysis of qualitative data from 46 Spanish language interviews using workplace-oriented themes Setting Purposively selected Mexican states from four regions of the country that reflect the country’s socioeconomic differences. Participants Practicing Mexican nurses with at least one year of clinical experience and currently working in nursing. Participants were recruited through convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Methods Initial data collection occurred in 2006 and 2008 during a broader study about professionalization processes that occurred in Mexican nursing between 1980 and 2005. The secondary, directed content analysis focused on an in-depth exploration of a central theme that emerged from the two original studies: The Workplace. The directed content analysis used themes from the global nursing work environment literature to structure the analysis: Professional relationships, organizational administrative practices, and quality of care and services. Results The three themes from the global literature were relevant for the Mexican context and a new one emerged related to hiring practices. By category, the same factors that created positive or negative perceptions of the work environment matched findings from other international studies conducted in developed countries. The descriptors of the category, however, had different conceptual meanings that illustrate the health system challenges in Mexico. Conclusions Findings from this study suggest that studies that seek to measure nursing work environments will most likely apply in Mexico and other Latin American or middle-income countries. Instruments designed to measure the work environment of nurses in these countries may prove relevant in those contexts, but require careful adaptation and systematic translations to ensure it. PMID:22386989

Squires, Allison; Juarez, Adrian

2012-01-01

94

tomchiuexperimental violinist A noted champion of new music, experimental violinist Tom Chiu has worked closely with many distinguished composers including  

E-print Network

Chiu has worked closely with many distinguished composers including Virko Baley, Leroy Jenkins, Oliver, with whom he appeared at the 2000 New York Bell Atlantic Jazz Festival. Mr. Chiu's discography includes

Qian, Ning

95

Center for European Studies Working Paper Series #137  

E-print Network

of the Center for European Studies Visiting Scholars seminar, especially Bo Rothstein and Art GoldhammerCenter for European Studies Working Paper Series #137 From Competition to Constitution: Races (Sciences-po) Center for European Studies, Harvard University eloi.laurent@ofce.sciences-po.fr Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

Extravehicular Crewman Work System (ECWS) study program: Prebreathe elimination study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The study examined impacts of changing Orbiter cabin pressure and EMU EVA pressure to eliminate pure O2 prebreathing prior to EVA. The investigation defines circumscribing physiological boundaries and identifies changes required within Orbiter to reduce cabin pressure. The study also identifies payload impacts, payload flight assignment constraints, and impacts upon EMU resulting from raising EVA pressure. The study presents the trade-off which optimizes the choice of reduced cabin pressure and increased EVA pressure.

Wilde, R. L.

1981-01-01

97

Working in the sky: a diary study on work engagement among flight attendants.  

PubMed

This study aims to gain insight in the motivational process of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model by examining whether daily fluctuations in colleague support (i.e., a typical job resource) predict day-levels of job performance through self-efficacy and work engagement. Forty-four flight attendants filled in a questionnaire and a diary booklet before and after consecutive flights to three intercontinental destinations. Results of multilevel analyses revealed that colleague support had unique positive effects on self-efficacy and work engagement. Self-efficacy did not mediate the relationship between support and engagement, but work engagement mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and (in-role and extra-role) performance. In addition, colleague support had an indirect effect on in-role performance through work engagement. These findings shed light on the motivational process as outlined in the JD-R model, and suggest that colleague support is an important job resource for flight attendants helping them reach their work-related goals. PMID:18837629

Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Bakker, Arnold B; Heuven, Ellen; Demerouti, Evangelia; Schaufeli, Wilmar B

2008-10-01

98

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

99

Teaching Note--An Exploration of Team-Based Learning and Social Work Education: A Natural Fit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on team-based learning (TBL) as a pedagogical methodology in social work education is limited; however, TBL, which was developed as a model for business, has been successfully used as a teaching methodology in nursing, business, engineering, medical school, and many other disciplines in academia. This project examines the use of TBL…

Robinson, Michael A.; Robinson, Michelle Bachelor; McCaskill, Gina M.

2013-01-01

100

editor's note Editor's Note  

E-print Network

to the contemporary American consensus--which holds, in effect, that World War I was a botched rehearsal for America World War I: the world simply could not get along without us. This assumption animated the foreigneditor's note Editor's Note Home Before Dark This issue of Raritan marks the centenary of World War

Chen, Kuang-Yu

101

How to Critically Evaluate Case Studies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to develop guidelines to assist practitioners and researchers in evaluating and developing rigorous case studies. The main concern in evaluating a case study is to accurately assess its quality and ultimately to offer clients social work interventions informed by the best available evidence. To assess the quality of…

Lee, Eunjung; Mishna, Faye; Brennenstuhl, Sarah

2010-01-01

102

A study of the hot working behavior of Al-Mg alloy 5052 by hot torsion testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The hot working behavior of commercial Al-2.5 wt pct Mg alloy 5052 was studied using hot torsion testing to simulate commercial hot rolling. The effects of homogenization time and temperature, and deformation temperature on the flow stress and hot ductility were carefully assessed. Microstructural characterizations and differential thermal analyses were performed to help explain the torsion data obtained. Significant variations in hot working behavior were noted for material machined from different regions of the commercial ingot studied. The constituent particles were found to play a significant role in determining the hot ductility of the alloy.

Precht, W.; Pickens, J. R.

1987-09-01

103

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES February 28, 2014 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC = Academic Affairs Committee; GSC = Graduate Studies Committee; UPMCB = Undergraduate and  

E-print Network

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES February 28, 2014 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC Change Bulletin; GMCB = Graduate Major Change Bulletin;] SUBJECT COURSE NUMBER ACTION REQUESTED/NOTES CSC MEETING NOTES/ACTION APPROVAL DATESCSC # ACCTG Added to 2/20/14 agenda.Revise graduation requirements CSC

Collins, Gary S.

104

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES April 11, 2014 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC = Academic Affairs Committee; GSC = Graduate Studies Committee; FS = Faculty Senate;  

E-print Network

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES April 11, 2014 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC REQUESTED/NOTES CSC MEETING NOTES/ACTION APPROVAL DATESCSC # ACCTG CSC approved. Put on UPMCB 10 - Requirements. AAC Approved 4/1/2014. FS Approved. Revise graduation requirements for major in Accounting CSC 3

Collins, Gary S.

105

Page 1 | Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 30, 2014 Bachelors of Social Work (BSW)  

E-print Network

Page 1 | Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 30, 2014 Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) Academic Plan of Study College of Health and Human Services Department of Social Work the BSW graduate for generalist social work practice. Students will need to complete SOWK 1101, 2182, 2183

Raja, Anita

106

Comparative study of NOTES alone versus NOTES guided by a new image registration system for navigation in the mediastinum: a study in a porcine model  

PubMed Central

Background Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) mediastinoscopy (MED) through the esophagus has proved to be feasible in the animal model. However, injury of the adjacent pleura and pneumothorax has been reported as a frequent adverse event when using a blind access. Objective To assess the utility and safety of a CT-based image registration system (IRS) for navigation in the mediastinum. Design Prospective, randomized, controlled trial in 30 Yorkshire pigs. Thirty-minute MEDs were performed: 15 MEDs were performed with IRS guidance (MED-IRS), and 15 MEDs were performed with a blind access. Setting Animal research laboratory. Interventions In both groups, the mediastinum was accessed through a 10-cm submucosal tunnel in the esophageal wall. Timed exploration was performed with identification of 8 mediastinal structures. Main Outcome Measurements Technical feasibility, adverse events, and the number of mediastinal structures identified. Results Thirty animals weighing 31.5 ± 3.5 kg were included in this study. MED was not possible in 2 animals in the “MED with blind access” group but was possible in all MEDs performed with IRS. The mean number of identified organs was slightly higher in “with IRS-MED” (6.13 ± 1.3) than with MED with blind access (4.7 ± 2.3; P = .066). Moreover, the right atrium and vena cava were identified in more cases with IRS-MED than in MED with blind access (13 vs 3 and 15 vs 11, P = .000 and P = .03, respectively). There were 3 (23%) adverse events with IRS-MED and 4 (27%) with “MED with blind access” (P = not significant), with pneumothorax being the most frequent (2 and 3, respectively). Limitations Nonsurvival animal study. Conclusions This study demonstrates that the IRS system appears feasible in natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery MED and suggests that IRS guidance might be useful for selected procedures. PMID:23261099

Córdova, Henry; Estépar, Raúl San José; Rodríguez-D’Jesús, Antonio; Martínez-Pallí, Graciela; Arguis, Pedro; de Miguel, Cristina Rodríguez; Navarro-Ripoll, Ricard; Perdomo, Juan M.; Cuatrecasas, Miriam; Llach, Josep; Vosburgh, Kirby G.; Fernández-Esparrach, Gloria

2013-01-01

107

The Work-Study Experience of Indigenous Undergraduates in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the large number of universities in Taiwan and the increased availability of scholarships for disadvantaged students, the number of college students from indigenous families has been on the rise in recent years. However, many indigenous students still find it necessary to work part-time. In this study, indigenous students were interviewed…

Chen, Shan-Hua

2014-01-01

108

Rural Action: A Collection of Community Work Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 10 case studies of rural community development in England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and Catalonia, as seen from the perspective of community-work practitioners. Development projects encompassed such activities as promotion of tourism, establishment of community centers, vocational training for school dropouts, adult community…

Henderson, Paul, Ed.; Francis, David, Ed.

109

Working Youths: Select Findings from an Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to learn more specific research questions and hypotheses for more rigorous research about the life situation and personal experiences of youths who work. 272 youths were interviewed. Select findings from 51 cases are presented on the youth's orientation to their future. (Author/RC)

Baizerman, Michael; Cooper, Nicholas C.

1974-01-01

110

Work-Study Program for Handicapped Children. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the final report of a 3-year work study program (funded under Title VI) to increase the employability of 95 mentally or physically handicapped high school students. Project objectives included determination of requirements for 50 local jobs, development of 50 slide-film sets to provide job task information, assessment of student…

Butte County Superintendent of Schools, Oroville, CA.

111

Studying and Working Abroad. Leonardo da Vinci Series: Good Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document profiles recent successful examples of students studying and working abroad as part of the European Commission's Leonardo da Vinci program, which is designed to give students across the European Union the opportunity to experience vocational training in a foreign country. The following examples are presented: (1) 3 Finnish students…

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

112

Teachers' Engagement at Work: An International Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the validity of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale in a sample of 853 practicing teachers from Australia, Canada, China (Hong Kong), Indonesia, and Oman. The authors used multigroup confirmatory factor analysis to test the factor structure and measurement invariance across settings, after which they examined the relationships…

Klassen, Robert M.; Aldhafri, Said; Mansfield, Caroline F.; Purwanto, Edy; Siu, Angela F. Y.; Wong, Marina W.; Woods-McConney, Amanda

2012-01-01

113

Social Work Information Center 2.0: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social work library at USC provides a case study of an academic library's transition to an information center service model. Analysis of the collection, user community, Web 2.0 applications, and Web usage data demonstrates how the changes facilitated library services and information literacy instruction. (Contains 6 tables and 3 figures.)

Xu, F. Grace

2009-01-01

114

Putting Disability Studies to Work in Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Putting disability studies to work in art education suggests a form of action or industry, a creative opportunity for something to be done, recognising the relationship between theory and practice. Drawing on discourse analysis, this article offers an initial theoretical discussion of some of the ways in which disability is revealed and created…

Penketh, Claire

2014-01-01

115

Illinois Cooperative Work Study Program. Fiscal Year 1997 Grant Allocations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains project synopses and evaluations supporting recommendations for funding 25 continuing and 7 new projects in public and nonpublic colleges and universities included in the $1.5 million appropriated for fiscal year 1997 for the Illinois Cooperative Work Study Program. Selection criteria included: strengthening cooperation among…

Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

116

Barriers to Partnership Working in Public Health: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background Public health provision in England is undergoing dramatic changes. Currently established partnerships are thus likely to be significantly disrupted by the radical reforms outlined in the Public Health White Paper. We therefore explored the process of partnership working in public health, in order to better understand the potential opportunities and threats associated with the proposed changes. Methodology/Principal Findings 70 participants took part in an in-depth qualitative study involving 40 semi-structured interviews and three focus group discussions. Participants were senior and middle grade public health decision makers working in Primary Care Trusts, Local Authorities, Department of Health, academia, General Practice and Hospital Trusts and the third sector in England. Despite mature arrangements for partnership working in many areas, and much support for joint working in principle, many important barriers exist. These include cultural issues such as a lack of shared values and language, the inherent complexity of intersectoral collaboration for public health, and macro issues including political and resource constraints. There is particular uncertainty and anxiety about the future of joint working relating to the availability and distribution of scarce and diminishing financial resources. There is also the concern that existing effective collaborative networks may be completely disrupted as the proposed changes unfold. The extent to which the proposed reforms might mitigate or potentiate these issues remains unclear. However the threats currently remain more salient than opportunities. Conclusions The current re-organisation of public health offers real opportunity to address some of the barriers to partnership working identified in this study. However, significant threats exist. These include the breakup of established networks, and the risk of cost cutting on effective public health interventions. PMID:22238619

Taylor-Robinson, David Carlton; Lloyd-Williams, Ffion; Orton, Lois; Moonan, May; O'Flaherty, Martin; Capewell, Simon

2012-01-01

117

A note on salmonella excretion in the black headed gull (Larus ribibundus) feeding at sewage treatment works.  

PubMed

The range of salmonella serotypes found in sewage sludge and in the faeces of black headed gulls (Larus ribibundus) feeding on the sludge was investigated. A close association was demonstrated between the serotypes found in both types of sample. Salmonella takoradi (a serotype which is uncommon in Scotland) appeared in the sludge for two short periods during the twelve week study and on both occasions it was later found in the gull faeces. It was shown that gulls become infected after feeding on contaminated sewage sludge but that the infection is probably short-lived. PMID:6746468

Fricker, C R

1984-06-01

118

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES November 8, 2013 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC = Academic Affairs Committee; GSC = Graduate Studies Committee; UPMCB = Undergraduate and  

E-print Network

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES November 8, 2013 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC Change Bulletin; GMCB = Graduate Major Change Bulletin;] SUBJECT COURSE NUMBER ACTION REQUESTED/NOTES CSC Business Economics (2013 CSC #285) CSC00 last year Fac. Senate AFS 590 Added to 11/7/2013 agenda

Collins, Gary S.

119

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES November 22, 2013 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC = Academic Affairs Committee; GSC = Graduate Studies Committee; UPMCB = Undergraduate and  

E-print Network

CATALOG SUBCOMMITTEE TRACKING NOTES November 22, 2013 [Notes: CSC = Catalog Subcommittee; AAC Change Bulletin; GMCB = Graduate Major Change Bulletin;] SUBJECT COURSE NUMBER ACTION REQUESTED/NOTES CSC Business Economics (2013 CSC #285) CSC00 last year Fac. Senate AFS 590 Added to 11/7/2013 agenda. Discussed

Collins, Gary S.

120

76 FR 15052 - Proposed Information Collection (Time Record (Work-Study Program); Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection (Time Record (Work-Study Program); Comment Request AGENCY...the actual number of hours worked by a work-study claimant. DATES: Written comments...information technology. Title: Time Record (Work-Study Program)), VA Form...

2011-03-18

121

General practitioner notes as a source of information for case-control studies in young women. UK National Case-Control Study Group.  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The UK National Case-Control Study was carried out to investigate the relationship between oral contraceptive use and breast cancer risk. This study investigates whether general practitioner notes could be used as the sole data source for epidemiological studies of young women and what the effect would be on non-response and recall bias. DESIGN--Case-control study with data on gynaecological, obstetric, and contraceptive history collected at interview and from general practitioners' notes. Information from these two sources was compared. SETTING--This was a population-based study. PARTICIPANTS--Altogether 755 women with breast cancer aged under 36 years at diagnosis, each with an age-matched control, participated in the study. Response rates at interview were 72% and 89% for cases and controls but GP data were available for 90% of the 1049 case and first-selected control pairs. MAIN RESULTS--There was generally good agreement between the two data sources with respect to obstetric history and gynaecological procedures (hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and tubal ligation). The use of intra-uterine devices, or diaphragm, and partner's vasectomy were not reliably recorded in the GP's notes. The overall results of the UK study would have been qualitatively the same with respect to the relationship between oral contraceptive use and breast cancer risk if GP notes only had been used, in spite of the fact that only about half of all oral contraceptive usage was recorded in the notes. Response rates would have been higher, recall bias eliminated, and the cost of the study halved. CONCLUSIONS--When planning case-control studies in young women, the possibility of using GP notes as the primary data source should be considered. Lack of data on potential confounding factors is a possible drawback to such use. The practice of destroying GP's notes shortly after the death of patients seriously restricts the possibility of using these notes when studying rapidly fatal conditions. PMID:8138777

Chilvers, C E; Pike, M C; Taylor, C N; Hermon, C; Crossley, B; Smith, S J

1994-01-01

122

Adjunctive antipsychotic in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder - A retrospective naturalistic case note study.  

PubMed

Objectives. A retrospective naturalistic case note study to determine the frequency, co-morbidity and treatment-response of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Methods. Records from 280 patients attending a highly specialised obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)/BDD service were analysed. The clinical outcome was measured either through scoring of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) for OCD/BDD, or textual analysis of case notes for evidence of symptomatic improvement, treatment tolerability, and premature disengagement. Results. A total of 32 patients (11.43%) were diagnosed with BDD. Of these, 28 (87.5%) had at least one co-morbidity. All patients were offered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Adjunctive low-dose antipsychotic was prescribed for 21 (66%) patients. Overall, 18/32 (56%) responded, and 7/32 (22%) disengaged prematurely. Patients offered antipsychotic, SSRI and CBT (n = 21) were compared with those offered SSRI and CBT only (n = 11). The treatment was well-tolerated. Whereas there was no significant inter-group difference in the clinical response rate, premature disengagement occurred less frequently in the antipsychotic-treated patients (9.5% versus 45%; Fisher's Exact Test P = 0.0318). Conclusions. BDD frequently presents with co-morbidity, treatment-resistance and premature disengagement. Adjunctive antipsychotic was associated with significantly better treatment adherence, but responder rates did not differ significantly, possibly related to the small sample-size. A well-powered randomised controlled study is warranted, to determine clinical outcomes with adjunctive antipsychotic in BDD. PMID:25363200

Rashid, Haroon; Khan, Akif A; Fineberg, Naomi A

2014-11-28

123

Exploring the experiences of EU qualified doctors working in the United Kingdom: A qualitative study.  

PubMed

This qualitative study of 23 doctors from other EU member states working in the UK highlights that, contrary to media reports, doctors from other member states working in the UK were well prepared and their main motivation to migrate was to learn new skills and experience a new health care system. Interviewees highlighted some aspects of their employment that work well and others that need improving. Some interviewees reported initially having language problems, but most noted that this was resolved after a few months. These doctors overwhelmingly reported having very positive experiences with patients, enjoying a NHS structure that was less hierarchical structure than in their home systems, and appreciating the emphasis on evidence-based medicine. Interviewees mostly complained about the lack of cleanliness of hospitals and gave some examples of risk to patient safety. Interviewees did not experience discrimination other than some instances of patronising and snobbish behaviour. However, a few believed that their nationality was a block to achieving senior positions. Overall, interviewees reported having enjoyable experiences with patients and appreciating what the NHS had to offer. PMID:25239032

Legido-Quigley, Helena; Saliba, Vanessa; McKee, Martin

2014-09-01

124

The impact of a worker health study on working conditions.  

PubMed

A research partnership of representatives from labor, academia, and public health enabled unionized San Francisco hotel workers to achieve important policy changes in workplace health and safety. Known as the "Housekeeping Study," the project took sixteen months to complete. A unique aspect of the project was that it utilized participatory action research methods, involving workers themselves as full participants in the study. A core group of 25 hotel room cleaners was involved in each phase of the project. The study developed health data which enabled room cleaners and their union to formulate and justify a contract proposal calling for a significant reduction in housekeeping workloads. The employer association agreed to a contract which reduced the maximum required room assignment from 15 rooms to 14 rooms per day in 14 San Francisco hotels. By lowering the maximum work assignment, these workers set a new standard which can potentially protect the health of room cleaners across the country. The project can serve as a model for worker and union participation in academic research, as well as for the application of research to improving working conditions, particularly for low-wage immigrant workers. PMID:12325285

Lee, Pam Tau; Krause, Niklas

2002-01-01

125

Working with "rookies": A case study of science teachers mentors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To gain insight into the world of mentoring new science teachers it is imperative to examine how a veteran science teacher is influenced through his or her work mentoring a new teacher. The impacts of mentoring new teachers have been extensively researched within the literature, documenting many of the factors that may enhance the teaching abilities of new teachers (Hobson, Ashby, Malderez & Tomlinson, 2008; Ingersoll & Kralik, 2004; Wang & Odell, 2002). A thorough search of the literature reveals an unbalanced representation of research focusing on the many influences mentoring may bring to a new teacher while ignoring the impact on the mentor. It is when the activity of mentoring a new teacher is examined within the theoretical frame work of social cognitive learning, it is apparent that not only are two individuals participating in working together, but also that research needs to investigate both sides of the relationship. Also, since the mentoring relationship is situated within a community of practice, it becomes important to utilize a situated learning theoretical framework in tandem with social cognitive learning to provide the clearest picture of this dynamic social relationship. This case study seeks to share the impacts experienced by mentors through their work with new teachers and provide balance to the other side of research into the social partnership of mentoring. Five science teachers mentoring new teachers online, through the University of Minnesota's Science Engineering, Math Mentoring Program (STEMMP) and Science Teacher Induction Network (TIN), participated in this study that explores their experiences through a phenomenographic lens and follows an interpretive research approach. Four main themes emerged that identified how science teacher mentors were impacted from mentoring which included: (1) impacts to their teaching practice, (2) perceptions influenced from feedback, (3) enhanced reflection, and (4) enhancement of self-efficacy. The results of this study also provide a model by which science teacher mentor characteristics can be identified. This case study has implications for improvement of science teacher mentoring programs and policies for professional support of mentor teachers and their mentees.

Meagher, Thomas Francis

126

Work, Family and Community Support as Predictors of Work-Family Conflict: A Study of Low-Income Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines relationships between support from work, family and community domains with time- and strain-based work-family conflict in a sample of low-income workers. Results reveal significant within-domain and cross-domain relationships between support from all three life domains with work--family conflict. With respect to family support,…

Griggs, Tracy Lambert; Casper, Wendy J.; Eby, Lillian T.

2013-01-01

127

Considerations of circadian impact for defining ‘shift work’ in cancer studies: IARC Working Group Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the idea that electric light at night might account for a portion of the high and rising risk of breast cancer worldwide, it was predicted long ago that women working a non-day shift would be at higher risk compared with day-working women. This hypothesis has been extended more recently to prostate cancer. On the basis of limited human

Richard G Stevens; Johnni Hansen; Giovanni Costa; Erhard Haus; Timo Kauppinen; Kristan J Aronson; Gemma Castaño-Vinyals; Scott Davis; Monique H W Frings-Dresen; Lin Fritschi; Manolis Kogevinas; Kazutaka Kogi; Jenny-Anne Lie; Arne Lowden; Beata Peplonska; Beate Pesch; Eero Pukkala; Eva Schernhammer; Ruth C Travis; Roel Vermeulen; Tongzhang Zheng; Vincent Cogliano; Kurt Straif

2010-01-01

128

Notes for GMail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handy application for adding notes to Gmail conversations and exchanges is quite useful. It works as a web browser application that allows users to annotate emails, create to-do lists, and much more. Additionally, visitors can add reminders with social network integration and pin notes for future reference. This version is compatible with all computers utilizing Google Chrome.

2014-07-16

129

HR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES WHAT ARE FIT NOTES?  

E-print Network

to work. What does `may be fit for work' mean? The GP will advise that an individual may be fit for work of Fitness for Work. The fit note replaced the sick note (medical statement or doctor's note) on 6 April 2010. How is the fit note different? "The introduction of a `fit note' to replace the current medical

Sussex, University of

130

Protest suicide among Korean students and laborers: a study of suicide notes.  

PubMed

Suicide notes from two groups of protest suicides in South Korea during the period 1975-2003 were compared: suicide notes from students (n =16) and suicide notes from workers (n = 15). The students appeared to be acting upon abstract ideals, including the oppression of the masses by the government and the American forces in Korea, and they typically urged the reunification of Korea. The workers were acting upon more local concerns, such as the oppression of their union by the government and the companies and the policies of their specific companies. PMID:20099554

Ben Park, B C; Lester, David

2009-12-01

131

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions, please  

E-print Network

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: these instructions will work on OS X 10, select System Preferences. Navigate to Print & Fax 3. Click the plus (+) to add a printer 4. The Add: Another Device · Print Using: Generic PostScript Printer 11.The parameters for the Name and URL fields

de Lijser, Peter

132

Written Homework 1 See webpage and Eagle for due dates (10 points) Note, these exercises may be done in groups of one, two, or three. Working with someone else is  

E-print Network

CS 4700 Written Homework 1 See webpage and Eagle for due dates (10 points) Note, these exercises or nothing situation. You can't work together on some questions and alone on some. Sometimes I see\\.[0-3]))$/ c) /(W|L)in/ d) // #12;e) /[0-9]+:[0-9]+(:[0-9]+)?/ 10. We say

Allan, Vicki H.

133

Social Strategies during University Studies Predict Early Career Work Burnout and Engagement: 18-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study spanning 18 years examined the role of social strategies in early career adaptation. The aim was to find out whether individuals' social strategies measured during their university studies had an impact on work burnout and work engagement measured 10-18 years later. A sample of 292 university students completed the SAQ…

Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2011-01-01

134

Social Work/Ethnic Studies Joint Faculty Position The University of Utah Ethnic Studies Program and the College of Social Work invite applications for a  

E-print Network

Social Work/Ethnic Studies Joint Faculty Position The University of Utah Ethnic Studies Program and the College of Social Work invite applications for a fulltime (ongoing 9-month contract) tenure-track position in the Ethnic Studies Program and the College of Social Work. Ethnic Studies is an interdisciplinary

Simons, Jack

135

Continuous interprofessional coordination in perioperative work: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

Abstract Coordination of perioperative work is challenging. Advancements in diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities have not been followed by similar advancements in the ability to coordinate care. In this paper, we report on a study that explored the nature of continuous coordination as practiced by perioperative staff in order to coordinate their own activities with respect to those of their colleagues. We conducted in-depth interviews (n?=?14), and combined observations and focused interviews (n?=?31) with perioperative staff (physicians, nurses, technicians, and cleaners) at a major university hospital in Norway. Data were analysed qualitatively with systematic text condensation. The results indicated that a surgical schedule was important for informing staff members about the cases and tasks they had been assigned. Staff also depended on ad hoc, explicit communication to ensure timeliness of particular perioperative activities. This, however, left little room for adjustments of other activities. Hence, to be able to proactively coordinate their own work some staff tried to predict future perioperative activities by observing the workplace, monitoring the surgical scheduling software for changes, and sharing their colleagues' progress updates and predictions. These findings could be important for those developing support for perioperative coordination. PMID:25158118

Lillebo, Borge; Faxvaag, Arild

2015-03-01

136

Noted cinema and video game studies scholar Dr. Bernard Perron will examine survival horrorvideogamesasarich,complexsiteforthestudyforgender.Withitshypersexualized  

E-print Network

Noted cinema and video game studies scholar Dr. Bernard Perron will examine survival is co-editor of The VideoGameTheoryReaderI (Routledge, 2003) and 2 (2009), editor of HorrorVideoGames of Michigan Press, 2012). His research concentrates on video games; on horror; on interactive cinema

137

76 FR 67558 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Work-Study Allowance) Activity: Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection (Application for Work-Study Allowance) Activity: Comment...determine a claimant's eligibility for work-study benefits. DATES: Written comments...technology. Titles: a. Application for Work-Study Allowance, VA Form...

2011-11-01

138

Work-aged stroke survivors’ psychosocial challenges narrated during and after participating in a dialogue-based psychosocial intervention: a feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Background Studies point to the lack of psychosocial support and rehabilitation services that are adjusted to the work-aged stroke survivors’ specific needs in order to promote psychosocial well-being. The aim of the study was to illuminate the psychosocial challenges work-aged participants (i.e. aged 18–67 years) thematised during and after participating a dialogue-based psychosocial intervention during the first year following a stroke. Methods The study was a feasibility study guided by the UK Medical Research Council Framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions. Qualitative data from in-depth interviews with fourteen stroke-survivors aged 33–66 years, researcher field notes and log notes written during the intervention were analysed applying a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach. Results The stroke and its consequences had a substantial impact on family and work life. Their experiences were summarised in the two themes The threat of becoming marginalised in family life and The threat of becoming marginalised in work life. Conclusion Life as a work-aged stroke survivor was experienced as challenging and created a threat of becoming marginalised in family and work life. The study highlights the need to understand the specific psychosocial challenges and needs facing work-aged stroke survivors’ in order to promote their psychosocial well-being. More research is needed concerning specific life-span challenges amongst work-aged stroke survivors in order to further develop appropriate interventions that helps address this issue. PMID:24066840

2013-01-01

139

Should Middle School Students with Learning Problems Copy and Paste Notes from the Internet? Mixed-Methods Evidence of Study Barriers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the experimental phase of this mixed-methods study, 49 middle school students receiving special education services took notes from the Internet under either a written notes or a copy-and-paste notes condition. Immediate, cued-recall measures of factual learning showed that students who wrote their notes were better able to recall what they had noted, although recall was low for all students. However, after a one-week delay (which included two classroom opportunities to study their notes), students who pasted their notes performed significantly better on two different measures of factual learning than students who wrote their notes. Follow-up student interviews and analyses of notes revealed a robust explanatory theme: many written notes contained barriers to learning (e.g., illegible handwriting, spelling errors, and/or indecipherable paraphrases), which likely reduced the benefit of study time. Implications for instructing this population of students to use copy and paste while gathering information on the Internet are discussed.

L. Brent Igo

2009-01-01

140

Work Ethic and Employment Status: A Study of Jobseekers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there have been numerous changes within the workplace during the past century, employers continue to search for employees with a strong work ethic. Employers often cite a strong work ethic as the most desired characteristic in a new employee. Work ethic can be described as a set of characteristics and attitudes in which an individual…

Hill, Roger B.; Fouts, Susan

2005-01-01

141

Faculty Work Practices in Material Environments: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an extensive and well-developed body of literature on the nature of faculty work (e.g., Blackburn & Lawrence, 1996; Schuster & Finkelstein, 2006) that has examined numerous aspects of faculty work and sources of influence on that work (e.g., intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, personal characteristics, disciplinary affiliation,…

Kuntz, Aaron M.; Berger, Joseph B.

2011-01-01

142

Water's contribution and enzyme's work: a KITA study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enzyme dynamics control and contribute to myriads of mostly well-characterized metabolic processes. Yet, understanding the role of the aqueous reaction matrix remains an experimental challenge. By kinetic THz absorption (KITA) spectroscopy, we have studied the dynamic interplay between water and a human metalloenzyme at work in realtime. In our KITA setup, we combined a THz-time domain spectrometer (THz-TDS) with a stopped-flow mixer to study reactions with millisecond time resolution. We used picosecond THz pulses which directly probe hydrogen bond formation and breaking in the water network to observe enzyme-water interactions upon enzyme catalysis at the active site of a matrix-metalloprotease. During formation of the productive Michaelis complex, we detected a perturbation of coupled enzyme-water network dynamics. Supplemented by real-time biophysical techniques and molecular dynamics simulations we characterized the enzyme-water interplay in the particular case of enzyme catalysis. Our results suggest a polarization-induced gradient of water dynamics at the remote active site of a metalloenzyme with decelerated hydration water dynamics towards the active site. The observed long-range gradient of collective water motions might facilitate productive binding of substrates to enzyme active sites. Further KITA experiments shall improve our understanding of water's contribution to biological function.

Born, Benjamin; Sagi, Irit; Havenith, Martina

2012-03-01

143

High-involvement work processes, work intensification and employee well-being: A study of New Zealand worker experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-involvement work processes are at the heart of the current interest in high- performance work systems. A study of 775 New Zealand employees shows that greater experience of high-involvement processes is associated with higher job satisfaction. To a lesser extent, there are also better outcomes in terms of job- induced stress, fatigue and work-life imbalance. However, in situations where pressures

Keith Macky; Peter Boxall

2008-01-01

144

Does Practical Work Really Work? A Study of the Effectiveness of Practical Work as a Teaching and Learning Method in School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many within the science education community and beyond see practical work carried out by students as an essential feature of science education. Questions have, however, been raised by some science educators about its effectiveness as a teaching and learning strategy. This study explored the effectiveness of practical work by analysing a sample of…

Abrahams, Ian; Millar, Robin

2008-01-01

145

Study of School-to-Work Reform Initiatives. Volume II: Case Studies. Studies of Education Reform Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too often the phrase "school-to-work transition" is interpreted to mean that all young people should follow the same path directly from the classroom to the workplace. The Academy of Educational Development's National Institute for Work and Learning (AED/NIWL) undertook a 4-year study of school-to-work transition education reform. The study

Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC. National Inst. for Work and Learning.

146

Breaking the Myth of Flexible Work: Contingent Work in Toronto. A Study Conducted by the Contingent Workers Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 205 people, 4 group interviews with approximately 30 people, and 6 design and analysis meetings involving approximately 40 people were conducted in a 1999 participatory study of contingent workers in Toronto. (Contingent work was defined to be lower-waged forms of non-permanent work arrangements that include contracting, employment…

de Wolff, Alice

147

What Is Not Working in Working Memory of Children with Literacy Disorders? Evidence from a Three-Year-Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this study were to explore the deficits in working memory associated with literacy disorders (i.e. developmental disorders of reading and/or spelling) and the developmental trajectories of these working memory deficits. The performance of 28 children with literacy disorders was compared to a non-disabled control group with the same…

Fischbach, Anne; Könen, Tanja; Rietz, Chantal S.; Hasselhorn, Marcus

2014-01-01

148

Work role and work adjustment in emerging markets : A study of German expatriates in CEE countries and Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze four major aspects of the work role and how they influence the expatriate work adjustment in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and Russia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study uses a quantitative design. Self-reported data were collected from 113 German expatriates assigned to the CEE region and Russia. Findings – The results

Markus G. Kittler; David Rygl; Alex Mackinnon; Katja Wiedemann

2011-01-01

149

Apparatus Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four notes that report new equipment and techniques of interest to physics teachers. These notes deal with collosions of atoms in solids, determining the viscosity of a liquid, measuring the speed of sound and demonstrating Doppler effect. (HM)

Eaton, Bruce G., Ed.

1980-01-01

150

Working conditions and psychotropic medication: a prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To examine whether work arrangements, physical working conditions and psychosocial working conditions are associated with\\u000a subsequent mental health problems, measured by prescribed psychotropic drugs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Data on working conditions collected among 40–60-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland (N = 6,498) were linked with the register of prescribed medication. Purchases of antidepressants (ATC class N06A), sleeping\\u000a pills and sedatives (N05B and N05C),

Mikko Laaksonen; Tea Lallukka; Eero Lahelma; Timo Partonen

151

Note: Optimization of the numerical data analysis for conductivity percolation studies of drying moist porous systems  

SciTech Connect

A simplified data analysis protocol, for dielectric spectroscopy use to study conductivity percolation in dehydrating granular media is discussed. To enhance visibility of the protonic conductivity contribution to the dielectric loss spectrum, detrimental effects of either low-frequency dielectric relaxation or electrode polarization are removed. Use of the directly measurable monofrequency dielectric loss factor rather than estimated DC conductivity to parameterize the percolation transition substantially reduces the analysis work and time.

Moscicki, J. K.; Sokolowska, D.; Dziob, D.; Nowak, J. [Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)] [Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Kwiatkowski, L. [Department of Econometrics and Operations Research, Cracow University of Economics, Rakowicka 27, 31-510 Krakow (Poland)] [Department of Econometrics and Operations Research, Cracow University of Economics, Rakowicka 27, 31-510 Krakow (Poland)

2014-02-15

152

Rehearsing biological motion in working memory: an EEG study.  

PubMed

Holding biological motion (BM), the movements of animate entities, in working memory (WM) is important to our daily social life. However, how BM is maintained in WM remains unknown. The current study investigated this issue and hypothesized that, analogous to BM perception, the human mirror neuron system (MNS) is involved in rehearsing BM in WM. To examine the MNS hypothesis of BM rehearsal, we used an EEG index of mu suppression (8-12 Hz), which has been linked to the MNS. Using a change detection task, we manipulated the BM memory load in three experiments. We predicted that mu suppression in the maintenance phase of WM would be modulated by the BM memory load; moreover, a negative correlation between the number of BM stimuli in WM and the degree of mu suppression may emerge. The results of Experiment 1 were in line with our predictions and revealed that mu suppression increased as the memory load increased from two to four BM stimuli; however, mu suppression then plateaued, as WM could only hold, at most, four BM stimuli. Moreover, the predicted negative correlation was observed. Corroborating the findings of Experiment 1, Experiment 2 further demonstrated that once participants used verbal codes to process the motion information, the mu suppression or modulation by memory load vanished. Finally, Experiment 3 demonstrated that the findings in Experiment 1 were not limited to one specific type of stimuli. Together, these results provide evidence that the MNS underlies the process of rehearsing BM in WM. PMID:25061930

Gao, Zaifeng; Bentin, Shlomo; Shen, Mowei

2015-01-01

153

Psychosocial work environment and antidepressant medication: a prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Adverse psychosocial work environments may lead to impaired mental health, but it is still a matter of conjecture if demonstrated associations are causal or biased. We aimed at verifying whether poor psychosocial working climate is related to increase of redeemed subscription of antidepressant medication. METHODS: Information on all antidepressant drugs (AD) purchased at pharmacies from 1995 through 2006 was

Jens Peter E Bonde; Torsten Munch-Hansen; Joanna Wieclaw; Niels Westergaard-Nielsen; Esben Agerbo

2009-01-01

154

Note: Design of a dose-controlled phototherapy system based on hyperspectral studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phototherapy consists in applying radiation on a part of the human body in order to treat an illness. A radiation dose is established for each treatment. In order to apply the correct dose a treatment time is set. However, in this work we have carried out some hyperspectral imaging studies that conclude that the radiation sources and the absorption properties of each patient can change. Therefore, the same treatment time does not ensure that the patient receive the appropriate dose. Thus, an optimized therapy system must measure the radiation emitted by the source and absorbed by the patient on real time to calculate the optimal dose at which the treatment is effective. In this work, we have developed and designed a custom system to measure the effectiveness of a radiative therapy treatment to adapt the appropriate dose for a specific patient in real time.

Ugarte, M. F.; Chávarri, L.; Briz, S.

2013-02-01

155

38 CFR 21.4145 - Work-study allowance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...veteran, reservist, or eligible person of transportation to the place where his or her services are to be performed; (3) Motivation of the veteran, reservist, or eligible person; and (4) Compatibility of the work assignment to the veteran's,...

2010-07-01

156

Work Foundation study calls for more IBD nurses.  

PubMed

Boosting the number of specialist nurses caring for people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) will help people affected by the condition manage it at work, research published last week reveals. PMID:25627493

2015-01-28

157

COURSE OF STUDY: DISTANCE OPTION MASTER OF SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM  

E-print Network

be available in the distance option. These include: Working with Involuntary Clients, Child and Adolescent Development in the Social Environment, Issues in Child Welfare, Health Care Policies and Programs and Poverty

158

Environmental Studies Lecture Notes for Geology 361K, Environmental Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of a series of 14 instructional components of a semester-long, environmental earth science course developed for undergraduate students. The course includes lectures, discussion sessions, and individualized learning carrel lessons. Presented are the lecture notes for 10 lectures on the topics of geologic time, natural resources, and…

Bartholomew, Rolland B.

159

Project Work Plan Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform Attenuation Parameter Studies: Heterogeneous Hydrolytic Reactions  

SciTech Connect

Between 1955 and 1973, an estimated 750,000 kg of carbon tetrachloride were discharged to the soil in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site as part of the plutonium production process. Of this amount, some carbon tetrachloride reached the groundwater more than 70 m below the ground surface and formed a plume of 10 km2. Recent information has shown that the carbon tetrachloride plume extends to a depth of at least 60 m below the water table. Some carbon tetrachloride has been degraded either by the original process or subsequent transformations in the subsurface to form a co-existing chloroform plume. Although current characterization efforts are improving the conceptual model of the source area, more information is needed to effectively assess the fate and transport of carbon tetrachloride and chloroform to support upcoming remediation decisions for the plume. As noted in a simulation study by Truex et al. (2001), parameters describing porosity, sorption, and abiotic degradation have the largest influence on predicted plume behavior. The work proposed herein will improve the ability to predict future plume movement by better quantifying abiotic degradation mechanisms and rates. This effort will help define how much active remediation may be needed and estimate where the plume will eventually stabilize – key factors in determining the most appropriate remedy for the plume.

Amonette, James E.; Truex, Michael J.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.

2006-06-01

160

Shoulder disorders in female working-age population: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are among the most common pathologies in the general population. However, research into the prevalence of upper arm MSDs is hampered by a lack of uniformity in case definition, and by the absence of a gold standard for measurement. Furthermore, some sectors of the population have benefited from extensive research whilst others have largely been ignored. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Objectives: to investigate the prevalence of shoulder MSDs in a working age female population not exposed to specific occupational risk factors such as heavy and/or repetitive work, assessing the differences in prevalence recorded by using three different standard measurement tools. Methods 302 working aged women were enrolled in this study (age 20–55 years). Each subject underwent three different assessments: standardized questionnaires for symptoms and disability and the SF36 health survey, a clinical assessment performed by a blinded orthopaedic specialist, and an imaging assessment by means of ultrasound (US) and Magnetic Resonance (MR) if indicated. Results According to the questionnaire 77 subjects (25.5%) complained of shoulder pain whilst 225 (74.5%) were asymptomatic. According to the clinical examination, 31 subjects (10.3%) resulted positive, whereas 271 subjects (89.7%) had normal shoulders. According to the imaging findings, 26 subjects (8.6%) had alterations to the anatomical structures of the shoulder, whilst 276 subjects (91.4%) had no detectable abnormalities in either shoulder. In all assessments, the prevalence increased with age (p?=?0.001). Conclusion Depending on the outcome measure used, the prevalence of reported MSDs of the shoulder varies considerably. There is a striking difference between the prevalence of subjective reported symptoms and the standardized clinical/imaging examinations. However, the results of all the assessments did concur in one aspect; there was a significant trend of increased prevalence of shoulder MSDs with age. When looking at reported prevalence, this study shows the importance of noting the measurement method used before making comparisons, as it can vary considerably. The epidemic of shoulder pain reported is not indicative of an epidemic of shoulder pathology. PMID:24708552

2014-01-01

161

Here is a quick run-down on these notes, with various terms to be learned in boldface. Much of scientific work involves relationships called maps  

E-print Network

) (barometric pressure, humidity, temperature); mother's age frequency of newborn with Down syndrom availablev overview Here is a quick run-down on these notes, with various terms to be learned in boldface hope to understand effects in terms of causes. Once we feel we understand such a relationship, we

Liblit, Ben

162

A Case Study of Work in Long Island Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the course of the past few decades, technology has shaped the way people interact, work, learn, and retrieve and disperse information. The advent of the 21st Century includes new forms of knowledge and information, requiring tools and skills previously unseen by generations of learners. New tools are meant to be used for expansion of…

McDermott, Carrie L.

2013-01-01

163

Piedmont Works and PVCC Students: A Comparative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the Piedmont Works Adult Education Program (PW) at Piedmont Virginia Community College (PVCC) and compares PW students with regular students at the college. PW offers aid to students to attend PVCC. Those students follow the same scheduling and enrollment procedures as other PVCC students. The PW program helps fund educational…

Lerman, David

164

Enabling Software Shift Work with Groupware: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a sojiware development trial which aimed to evaluate the use of a groupware support environment for widely geographically separated so&are development teams. A four person dislocated team working in (simulated) disjoint timezones was assigned a development task to carry out over a two week period. Due to the time and location displacement, the developers were denied almost

Ian Gorton; Igor Hawryszkiewycz; Lawrence Fung

1996-01-01

165

Music Training and Working Memory: An ERP Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While previous research has suggested that music training is associated with improvements in various cognitive and linguistic skills, the mechanisms mediating or underlying these associations are mostly unknown. Here, we addressed the hypothesis that previous music training is related to improved working memory. Using event-related potentials…

George, Elyse M.; Coch, Donna

2011-01-01

166

Peace with Work To Do: The Academic Study of Peace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains two lectures concerning the nature and status of peace studies. Adam Curle, in "The Scope and Dilemmas of Peace Studies" presents: (1) the study of peace and related subjects; (2) diversities and contradictions in peace studies; (3) personal interpretations; (4) teaching peace studies; and (5) moral and practical dilemmas.…

O'Connell, James; Curle, Adam

167

Chronic stress at work and the metabolic syndrome: prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjectives To investigate the association between stress at work and the metabolic syndrome.Risk of having the metabolic syndrome by relative index of inequality of employment grade. Multivariate multiple imputation logistic regression models: non-retired men and women in the Whitehall II cohort at phase 5Odds ratio (95% CI)P for linear trendReduction in log odds from model IAge+sex (model I)2.33 (1.38 to

Tarani Chandola; Eric Brunner; Michael Marmot

2006-01-01

168

Space platform expendables resupply concept definition study. Volume 3: Work breakdown structure and work breakdown structure dictionary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work breakdown structure (WBS) for the Space Platform Expendables Resupply Concept Definition Study is described. The WBS consists of a list of WBS elements, a dictionary of element definitions, and an element logic diagram. The list and logic diagram identify the interrelationships of the elements. The dictionary defines the types of work that may be represented by or be classified under each specific element. The Space Platform Expendable Resupply WBS was selected mainly to support the program planning, scheduling, and costing performed in the programmatics task (task 3). The WBS is neither a statement-of-work nor a work authorization document. Rather, it is a framework around which to define requirements, plan effort, assign responsibilities, allocate and control resources, and report progress, expenditures, technical performance, and schedule performance. The WBS element definitions are independent of make-or-buy decisions, organizational structure, and activity locations unless exceptions are specifically stated.

1984-01-01

169

NOTE: Cellphone interference with pocket dosimeters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate reporting of personal dose is required by regulation for hospital personnel that work with radioactive material. Pocket dosimeters are commonly used for monitoring this personal dose. We show that operating a cell phone in the vicinity of a pocket dosimeter can introduce large and erroneous readings of the dosimeter. This note reports a systematic study of this electromagnetic interference.

David Djajaputra; Ramasamy Nehru; Philip M. Bruch; Komanduri M. Ayyangar; Natarajan V. Raman; Charles A. Enke

2005-01-01

170

77 FR 4547 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EDUCATION Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational...for the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental...Falls Church, VA 22042-4548. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The Work...

2012-01-30

171

Weekly working hours for Norwegian hospital doctors since 1994 with special attention to postgraduate training, work–home balance and the European Working Time Directive: a panel study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the weekly working hours of Norwegian hospital doctors from 1994 to 2012 with special emphasis on the quality of postgraduate training and work–home balance, and in relation to the requirements of the European Working Time Directive (EWTD). Design Panel study based on postal questionnaires. Setting Norway. Participants Unbalanced cohort of 1300–1600 doctors in 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012. Outcome measures Self-reported total weekly working hours and whether 45 weekly working hours are too short, sufficient, or too long to meet the quality requirements of obligatory postgraduate training for junior doctors. Results From 1994 to 2012, the number of weekly working hours was stable for senior (46–47?h) and junior (45–46?h) hospital doctors. In 2012, significantly more senior (27–35%) than junior (11–20%) doctors reported suboptimal work–home balance, defined as working more than 48?h a week. The majority perceived the present situation with an average of 45?h per week for juniors as sufficient for obligatory postgraduate specialist training, but doctors of higher age (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.08), senior doctors (1.07, 1.04 to 1.11) and doctors working in surgical specialties (OR 1 vs laboratory medicine 0.03, 0.01 to 0.25, internal medicine 0.31, 0.17 to 0.58, psychiatry 0.12, 0.04 to 0.36, paediatrics 0.36, 0.12 to 1.07, anaesthesiology 0.08, 0.02 to 0.39, gynaecology 0.07, 0.01 to 0.56 and others 0.39, 0.04 to 3.56) were more likely to want the work-week to be longer. Conclusions The weekly working hours of Norwegian hospital doctors were always below the EWTD requirements. A significant growth of hospital doctor density over the past two decades, national regulations and cultural values might be important factors. Specialty differences in perception of sufficient training time may call for more flexibility in working time regulations. PMID:25311038

Rosta, Judith; Aasland, Olaf G

2014-01-01

172

Working Knowledge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What can Harvard Business School (HBS) do for you? Quite a bit as it turns out, particularly for parties with interest in business practice. The Working Knowledge site is "a forum for innovation in business practice, offering readers a first look at cutting-edge thinking from HBS faculty." Every weekday the site offers new work from over 200 HBS faculty, and the reports, updates, and commentaries include pieces like "Five Imperatives for Improving Health Care" and "Is your iPhone Turning You into a Wimp?" First-time visitors should note that they may browse by topic, industry, or geography. Moving on, the New Working Papers section brings together helpful new scholarly works like "Helping You Help Me" and "Cumulative Innovation & Open Disclosure of Intermediate Results." The conversational aspects of this site come to life in the What Do You Think? area, which encourages curious parties to comment on pieces such as "What are the Limits Of Transparency?" The site is rounded out by a place where visitors can get a "First Look" at new faculty working papers and case studies before they enter mainstream practice.

173

Transforming English Language Learners' Work Readiness: Case Studies in Explicit, Work-Specific Vocabulary Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the impact of a six-step framework for work-specific vocabulary instruction in adult English language learners (ELLs). Guided by research in English as a second language (ESL) methodology and the transactional theory, the researchers sought to unveil how these processes supported the acquisition and application of…

Madrigal-Hopes, Diana L.; Villavicencio, Edna; Foote, Martha M.; Green, Chris

2014-01-01

174

Ecology and Human Values: A Course of Study. (Working Draft).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interdisciplinary course is designed for senior year high school students in social studies and/or science. Its main thrust is the investigation of human values as they relate to the environment, although rooted in the natural sciences as a means of understanding the complexities inherent in the environment. Use is made of the case study

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

175

Statement of Fitness for Work  

E-print Network

Statement of Fitness for Work ­ the fit note explained This guide explains what you should do when your health affects your ability to work. It replaces the sick note. The main difference is that the fit note allows your doctor to advise you on how you may be able to return to work. Work can

Davies, Christopher

176

Development and Evaluation of ‘Briefing Notes’ as a Novel Knowledge Translation Tool to Aid the Implementation of Sex/Gender Analysis in Systematic Reviews: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing recognition of sex/gender differences in health and the importance of identifying differential effects of interventions for men and women. Yet, to whom the research evidence does or does not apply, with regard to sex/gender, is often insufficiently answered. This is also true for systematic reviews which synthesize results of primary studies. A lack of analysis and reporting of evidence on sex/gender raises concerns about the applicability of systematic reviews. To bridge this gap, this pilot study aimed to translate knowledge about sex/gender analysis (SGA) into a user-friendly ‘briefing note’ format and evaluate its potential in aiding the implementation of SGA in systematic reviews. Methods Our Sex/Gender Methods Group used an interactive process to translate knowledge about sex/gender into briefing notes, a concise communication tool used by policy and decision makers. The briefing notes were developed in collaboration with three Cochrane Collaboration review groups (HIV/AIDS, Hypertension, and Musculoskeletal) who were also the target knowledge users of the briefing notes. Briefing note development was informed by existing systematic review checklists, literature on sex/gender, in-person and virtual meetings, and consultation with topic experts. Finally, we held a workshop for potential users to evaluate the notes. Results Each briefing note provides tailored guidance on considering sex/gender to reviewers who are planning or conducting systematic reviews and includes the rationale for considering sex/gender, with examples specific to each review group’s focus. Review authors found that the briefing notes provided welcome guidance on implementing SGA that was clear and concise, but also identified conceptual and implementation challenges. Conclusions Sex/gender briefing notes are a promising knowledge translation tool. By encouraging sex/gender analysis and equity considerations in systematic reviews, the briefing notes can assist systematic reviewers in ensuring the applicability of research evidence, with the goal of improved health outcomes for diverse populations. PMID:25372876

Doull, Marion; Welch, Vivian; Puil, Lorri; Runnels, Vivien; Coen, Stephanie E.; Shea, Beverley; O’Neill, Jennifer; Borkhoff, Cornelia; Tudiver, Sari; Boscoe, Madeline

2014-01-01

177

Work, family and social environment in patients with Fibromyalgia in Spain: an epidemiological study: EPIFFAC study.  

PubMed

BackgroundFibromyalgia (FM) is a condition characterized by widespread pain, estimated to affect 2.4% of the Spanish population. Nowadays, there are no consistent epidemiological studies on the actual impact of the disease on work and family of these patients in a representative manner; therefore, the purpose of the study is to analyze the impact on family, employment and social environment in a representative sample of patients with FM attending Primary Public Care Centers in Spain.MethodsWe carried out an epidemiological study, with a probability sampling procedure, stratified, relative to the municipality size and the number of health centres, seeking territorial representation. The survey was conducted using a self-administered structured questionnaire.ResultsA sample of 325 patients with FM was studied in 35 Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs). The sample is composed of 96.6% of women, 51.9 (8) years of mean (standard deviation- sd) age. Ninety-three percent of the patients have worked throughout their life. Mean (sd) age onset of symptoms was 37 (11) years and diagnosis of FM was established 6.6 (8) years later. Family Environment: Fifty-nine percent of patients have difficulties with their partner. Forty-four percent of the patients report to be fairly or totally dependent on a family member in household chores. The household income decreased a mean (sd) of 708 (504) Euros/month in 65% of the patients. In 81% of the patients, there was an increase in extra expenses related to the disease with a mean (sd) of 230 (192) Euros/month. Working environment: At the moment of the study, 45% of the patients had work activity (34% were working and 11% were at sick leave), 13% were unemployed seeking job and 42% were not in the labor force. Twenty-three percent of patients had some degree of permanent work disability pension. Social Environment: The degree of satisfaction with health care professionals was low and twenty-six percent of the patients were members of specific patients associations.ConclusionsThis study finds that people with FM who visit PHCCs of Spain experience a high impact on families and employment with heavy loss of ability to work. PMID:25385047

Collado, Antonio; Gomez, Emili; Coscolla, Rosa; Sunyol, Ruth; Solé, Emília; Rivera, Javier; Altarriba, Emília; Carbonell, Jordi; Castells, Xavier

2014-11-11

178

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services. 1.929 Section 1.929...Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services. (a) Scope. (1...becomes entitled by performance of work-study services under 38 U.S.C. 3485...

2011-07-01

179

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services. 1.929 Section 1.929...Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services. (a) Scope. (1...becomes entitled by performance of work-study services under 38 U.S.C. 3485...

2010-07-01

180

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...shall not apply in any case in which the individual...candidates for a work-study allowance than there are...performance of work-study services after the completion...of services (or in the case of any remaining hours...covered by the work-study debt-liquidation...

2012-07-01

181

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

...shall not apply in any case in which the individual...candidates for a work-study allowance than there are...performance of work-study services after the completion...of services (or in the case of any remaining hours...covered by the work-study debt-liquidation...

2014-07-01

182

38 CFR 1.929 - Reduction of debt through performance of work-study services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...shall not apply in any case in which the individual...candidates for a work-study allowance than there are...performance of work-study services after the completion...of services (or in the case of any remaining hours...covered by the work-study debt-liquidation...

2013-07-01

183

78 FR 18629 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Work-Study...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Work-Study Program of the Child Labor Regulations...collection request (ICR) titled, ``Work-Study Program of the Child Labor Regulations...school-supervised and school-administered Work-Study Program (WSP) of the Child...

2013-03-27

184

Student perception about working in rural Nepal after graduation: a study among first- and second-year medical students  

PubMed Central

Background The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a developing country in South Asia with a population of 29.8 million. In September 2011, there were 18 medical schools with 14 being in the private sector. KIST Medical College is a private school in Lalitpur district. The present study was conducted to obtain information on student perceptions about working in rural Nepal after graduation. Methods The study was conducted among first- and second-year undergraduate medical students using a semi-structured questionnaire developed by the authors using inputs from the literature and their experiences of teaching medical students. Year of study, gender, method of financing of medical education, place of family residence and occupation of parents were noted. Participant responses were analysed, grouped together and the number of respondents stating a particular response was noted. Results Of the 200 students, 185 (92.5%) participated with 95 being from the first year and 90 from the second. Most students were self-financing and from urban areas. Regarding the question of working in rural Nepal after graduation, 134 (72.4%) said they will work after their undergraduate course. Students preferred to work in the government or nongovernmental sector. Student felt doctors are reluctant to serve in rural Nepal due to inadequate facilities, low salary, less security, problems with their professional development, less equipment in health centres, decreased contact with family and difficulties in communicating with an illiterate, rural population. About 43% of respondents felt medical education does not adequately prepare them for rural service. Repeated rural exposure, postings in rural hospitals and health centres, and training students to diagnose and treat illness with less technology were suggested. The median monthly salary expected was 60 000 Nepalese rupees (US$ 820) and was significantly higher among first-year students. Conclusions The majority of respondents were in favour of working in rural Nepal after graduation. They wanted facilities in rural areas and health centres to be improved. Changes in the education system were suggested. Providing relatively better facilities for rural doctors compared with urban doctors and reorienting medical education for producing doctors for rural Nepal can be considered. Further studies are required in other private medical schools. PMID:22938089

2012-01-01

185

Health status of people with work-related musculoskeletal disorders in return to work programs: a Malaysian study.  

PubMed

This study examined the health status of injured workers with musculoskeletal disorders enrolled in the Malaysian Return to Work (RTW) program. The 102 participants were categorized into three RTW groups: Off-work (n = 30, 29.4%), Re-entry (n = 44, 43.1%), and Maintenance (n = 28, 27.5%). Overall health status, as measured by the SF-36 version 2, of the workers exhibited below average compared to the internationally established normative population, with their physical health component summary rated lower than mental health. Across the different groups, significant differences were found in role-physical, vitality, bodily pain, general health, and mental health. However, the mean values of these variables were higher in the Maintenance group and were found significant. The current health status of injured workers at Off-work and Re-entry phases was significantly low and warranted to be improved by involving other health professionals such as occupational therapists, ergonomists, and psychologists. PMID:23855610

Murad, Mohd Suleiman; O'Brien, Lisa; Farnworth, Louise; Chien, Chi-Wen

2013-07-01

186

Validation of a Migraine Work and Productivity Loss Questionnaire for use in Migraine Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Migraine symptoms and therapy side effects cause significant functional disability that can result in work and productivity losses. Effective, well-tolerated migraine therapy with rapid onset of relief could decrease work and productivity losses. The Migraine Work and Productivity Loss Questionnaire (MWPLQ) evaluates the impact of migraine and migraine therapy on paid work. Data from a randomized, open-label extension study were

GM Davies; N Santanello; W Gerth; D Lerner; GA Block

1999-01-01

187

Academic and Personal Development through Group Work: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study linked academic and personal development within a group counseling intervention. A pre-test post-test research design compared social skills, learning behaviors, and achievement with a convenience sample and control group of students from three elementary schools. For the treatment group, grade point average in Language Arts…

Steen, Sam

2011-01-01

188

ARMCO (INTEGRATED STEEL WORKS, MIDDLETOWN, OHIO) SPECIAL STUDY REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This monitoring study was initiated with the overall objective to develop a data base in support of an approved 'bubble concept' strategy to reduce fugitive dust emissions in the vicinity of an integrated steel-making complex. A particulate monitoring network was established arou...

189

Functional MRI studies of spatial and nonspatial working memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Single-unit recordings in monkeys have revealed neurons in the lateral prefrontal cortex that increase their firing during a delay between the presentation of information and its later use in behavior. Based on monkey lesion and neurophysiology studies, it has been proposed that a dorsal region of lateral prefrontal cortex is necessary for temporary storage of spatial information whereas a more

M D'Esposito; G. K Aguirre; E. Zarahn; D. Ballard; R. K. Shin; J. Lease

1998-01-01

190

How Plain English Works for Business: Twelve Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Detailing the false starts, uncertainty, and internal questioning that occur as companies organize and manage language simplification projects, the 12 case studies contained in the two sections of this book reveal how some business organizations have benefited by simplifying consumer documents. Descriptions of each case contain information on the…

Office of Consumer Affairs, Washington, DC.

191

A case study in working with cell-centered data  

SciTech Connect

This case study provides examples of how some simple decisions the authors made in structuring their algorithms for handling cell-centered data can dramatically influence the results. Although they all know that these decisions produce variations in results, they think that they underestimate the potential magnitude of the differences. More importantly, the users of the codes may not be aware that these choices have been made or what they mean to the resulting visualizations of their data. This raises the question of whether or not these decisions are inadvertently distorting user interpretations of data sets.

CROSSNO,PATRICIA J.

2000-03-30

192

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega Studies: A Case Study at Argonne National Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Between 1952 and 1992 more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the life span and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology mega studies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals, and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research. PMID:22004930

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2013-01-01

193

Design Principles of Worked Examples: A Review of the Empirical Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers investigated the efficacy of using worked examples in classroom instruction and provided evidence in the effectiveness of worked example instruction in mathematics, computer programming, physics, and etc. However, there are limited studies in worked example design. The purpose of this study is to generate the instructional design…

Shen, Chun-Yi; Tsai, Hui-Chun

2009-01-01

194

28 CFR 523.12 - Work/study release good time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Work/study release good time. 523.12 Section 523.12 Judicial Administration...TRANSFER COMPUTATION OF SENTENCE Extra Good Time § 523.12 Work/study release good time. Extra good time for an inmate in work or...

2010-07-01

195

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega-Studies: A Case Study At Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Between 1952 and 1992, more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America, and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the lifespan and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data, ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender-specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly-developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene-specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology megastudies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies, and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research.

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2011-09-06

196

THE HAITI CASE STUDY Working Paper of the collaborative NATO-Harvard project  

E-print Network

1 THE HAITI CASE STUDY Working Paper of the collaborative NATO-Harvard project: TOWARDS THE HAITI CASE STUDY Working Paper of the collaborative NATO-Harvard project: Towards a Comprehensive;THE HAITI CASE STUDY 27 June 2012 FOREWORD A joint study team from NATO's Joint Analysis and Lessons

Mootha, Vamsi K.

197

Work characteristics predict psychiatric disorder: prospective results from the Whitehall II Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: The impact of work on the risk of future psychiatric disorder has been examined in few longitudinal studies. This was examined prospectively in a large epidemiological study of civil servants. METHODS: In the Whitehall II study, a longitudinal, prospective cohort study of 6895 male and 3413 female London based civil servants, work characteristics measured at baseline (phase 1: 1985-8)

S. A. Stansfeld; R. Fuhrer; M. J. Shipley; M. G. Marmot

1999-01-01

198

Patients Who Share Transparent Visit Notes With Others: Characteristics, Risks, and Benefits  

PubMed Central

Background Inviting patients to read their primary care visit notes may improve communication and help them engage more actively in their health care. Little is known about how patients will use the opportunity to share their visit notes with family members or caregivers, or what the benefits might be. Objective Our goal was to evaluate the characteristics of patients who reported sharing their visit notes during the course of the study, including their views on associated benefits and risks. Methods The OpenNotes study invited patients to access their primary care providers’ visit notes in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Pre- and post-intervention surveys assessed patient demographics, standardized measures of patient-doctor communication, sharing of visit notes with others during the study, and specific health behaviors reflecting the potential benefits and risks of offering patients easy access to their visit notes. Results More than half (55.43%, 2503/4516) of the participants who reported viewing at least one visit note would like the option of letting family members or friends have their own Web access to their visit notes, and 21.70% (980/4516) reported sharing their visit notes with someone during the study year. Men, and those retired or unable to work, were significantly more likely to share visit notes, and those sharing were neither more nor less concerned about their privacy than were non-sharers. Compared to participants who did not share clinic notes, those who shared were more likely to report taking better care of themselves and taking their medications as prescribed, after adjustment for age, gender, employment status, and study site. Conclusions One in five OpenNotes patients shared a visit note with someone, and those sharing Web access to their visit notes reported better adherence to self-care and medications. As health information technology systems increase patients’ ability to access their medical records, facilitating access to caregivers may improve perceived health behaviors and outcomes. PMID:25405911

Mejilla, Roanne; Darer, Jonathan D; Oster, Natalia V; Ralston, James D; Leveille, Suzanne G; Walker, Jan; Delbanco, Tom; Elmore, Joann G

2014-01-01

199

The Working After Cancer Study (WACS): a population-based study of middle-aged workers diagnosed with colorectal cancer and their return to work experiences  

PubMed Central

Background The number of middle-aged working individuals being diagnosed with cancer is increasing and so too will disruptions to their employment. The aim of the Working After Cancer Study is to examine the changes to work participation in the 12 months following a diagnosis of primary colorectal cancer. The study will identify barriers to work resumption, describe limitations on workforce participation, and evaluate the influence of these factors on health-related quality of life. Methods/Design An observational population-based study has been designed involving 260 adults newly-diagnosed with colorectal cancer between January 2010 and September 2011 and who were in paid employment at the time they were diagnosed. These cancer cases will be compared to a nationally representative comparison group of 520 adults with no history of cancer from the general population. Eligible cases will have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of colorectal cancer and will be identified through the Queensland Cancer Registry. Data on the comparison group will be drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. Data collection for the cancer group will occur at 6 and 12 months after diagnosis, with work questions also asked about the time of diagnosis, while retrospective data on the comparison group will be come from HILDA Waves 2009 and 2010. Using validated instruments administered via telephone and postal surveys, data will be collected on socio-demographic factors, work status and circumstances, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for both groups while the cases will have additional data collected on cancer treatment and symptoms, work productivity and cancer-related HRQoL. Primary outcomes include change in work participation at 12 months, time to work re-entry, work limitations and change in HRQoL status. Discussion This study will address the reasons for work cessation after cancer, the mechanisms people use to remain working and existing workplace support structures and the implications for individuals, families and workplaces. It may also provide key information for governments on productivity losses. Study Registration Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry No. ACTRN12611000530921 PMID:21798072

2011-01-01

200

Work-Related Treatment for Major Depressive Disorder and Incapacity to Work: Preliminary Findings of a Controlled, Matched Study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of work-related cognitive-behavioral treatment (W-CBT) with that of cognitive-behavioral treatment as usual (CBT-AU) for employees on sick leave as a result of a major depressive disorder (MDD). We collected data for 26 matched outpatients at pre- and posttreatment, as well as at 1-year follow-up. Outcome measures were the days of incapacity to work (DIW) as well as self-report measures (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI], Symptom Checklist 90-R [GSI], Life Satisfaction Questionnaire [FLZ]). We analyzed data with hierarchical linear modeling in a 2-level model. Therapy effects were defined in 3 ways: effect size (ES), response (based on the reliable change index), and remission compared with the general population's symptom level. The DIW were reduced significantly after both types of treatment, but employees showed even fewer DIW after W-CBT. At follow-up, significantly more employees were working as a result of W-CBT than with CBT-AU. Significant improvements on scores of self-rating measures corresponded with moderate-to-large effect sizes for both treatment types. Approximately 2 thirds of the treated employees were categorized as unimpaired on BDI scores at posttreatment and at follow-up. At least 1 half of the employees were classified as unimpaired on GSI scores at both assessment points. In future research, a randomized controlled trial should be conducted using a larger sample size to investigate the impact of moderators (e.g., employees at different branches of the company). Findings provided support for using common CBT techniques to enhance return to work without losing expected improvements at the symptom level. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25402222

Kröger, Christoph; Bode, Katharina; Wunsch, Eva-Maria; Kliem, Sören; Grocholewski, Anja; Finger, Friederike

2014-11-17

201

Eye-Gaze Patterns as Students Study Worked-out Examples in Mechanics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores what introductory physics students actually look at when studying worked-out examples. Our classroom experiences indicate that introductory physics students neither discuss nor refer to the conceptual information contained in the text of worked-out examples. This study is an effort to determine to what extent students…

Smith, Adam D.; Mestre, Jose P.; Ross, Brian H.

2010-01-01

202

Impact of Diabetes on Work Cessation Data from the GAZEL cohort study  

E-print Network

Impact of Diabetes on Work Cessation Data from the GAZEL cohort study ELÃ?ONORE HERQUELOT, MSC ALICE of diabetes on work cessation, i.e., on the risks of work disability, early retirement, and death while with diabetes and randomly selected 2,530 nondiabetic employed control subjects matched for major socio

Boyer, Edmond

203

Supporting Distributed Team Working in 3D Virtual Worlds: A Case Study in Second Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a study into how a three-dimensional (3D) virtual world (Second Life) can facilitate socialisation and team working among students working on a team project at a distance. This models the situation in many commercial sectors where work is increasingly being conducted across time zones and between…

Minocha, Shailey; Morse, David R.

2010-01-01

204

Learning through Working: A Case Study of Chinese College Students in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study was designed to provide an understanding of the work experience of Chinese college students in South Korea. A growing number of Chinese students are coming to South Korea for college education, and their aspirations for better work materialize into work experiences in South Korean businesses. In-depth interviews were…

Cha, Minyoung; Chang, Wonsup

2009-01-01

205

A POCKET-PC-BASED PLATFORM FOR AGRICULTURAL WORK STUDY MEASUREMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a pocket PC (PPC) based platform developed for data entry in work study measurements. Dedicated software written in C-SHARP was developed for a PPC platform to conduct time measurements; it facilitates both direct measurement and multiple observations (work sampling). The working procedure consists of four stages: initialization, data collections (time measurements), descriptive statistics display and data transfer.

A. Bechar; D. Dayan; S. Schmilowotch; Y. Moskovitch; Y. Edan

206

The Region of the Study [and] Outline Methodology of the Study. Patterns of Participation in Adult Education and Training. Working Paper 1 [and] Working Paper 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two working papers are products of a regional study in industrial South Wales of the determinants of participation and non-participation in post-compulsory education and training, with special reference to processes of change in the patterns of these determinants over time and to variations between geographical areas. The study combines…

Gorard, Stephen; Rees, Gareth; Furlong, John; Fevre, Ralph

207

Background Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Country Background Notes, distributed on the DOSBACK list, are updated periodically and include information on US bilateral relations with foreign countries and on their governments, political conditions, and foreign relations. You can expect the DOSBACK list to generate about 3-4 email messages per month. Via DOSBACK you will receive the full-text version of newly released Background Notes. Archives of these two lists are also available at the Department of State Foreign Affairs Network (DOSFAN) gopher at the University of Illinois-Chicago.

208

How to do a grounded theory study: a worked example of a study of dental practices  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative methodologies are increasingly popular in medical research. Grounded theory is the methodology most-often cited by authors of qualitative studies in medicine, but it has been suggested that many 'grounded theory' studies are not concordant with the methodology. In this paper we provide a worked example of a grounded theory project. Our aim is to provide a model for practice, to connect medical researchers with a useful methodology, and to increase the quality of 'grounded theory' research published in the medical literature. Methods We documented a worked example of using grounded theory methodology in practice. Results We describe our sampling, data collection, data analysis and interpretation. We explain how these steps were consistent with grounded theory methodology, and show how they related to one another. Grounded theory methodology assisted us to develop a detailed model of the process of adapting preventive protocols into dental practice, and to analyse variation in this process in different dental practices. Conclusions By employing grounded theory methodology rigorously, medical researchers can better design and justify their methods, and produce high-quality findings that will be more useful to patients, professionals and the research community. PMID:21902844

2011-01-01

209

Work-life conflict and musculoskeletal disorders: a cross-sectional study of an unexplored association  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The health consequences of work-family or rather work-life conflict (WLC) have been studied by numerous researchers. The work-related\\u000a causes of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are also well explored. And stress (at work) has been found to be a consequence\\u000a of WLC as well as a cause of MSD. But very little is known about a potential association between WLC and MSD

Oliver Hämmig; Michaela Knecht; Thomas Läubli; Georg F Bauer

2011-01-01

210

Improving return-to-work after childbirth: design of the Mom@Work study, a randomised controlled trial and cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Many women suffer from health problems after giving birth, which can lead to sick leave. About 30% of Dutch workers are on sick leave after maternity leave. Structural contact of supervisors with employees on maternity leave, supported by early medical advice of occupational physicians, may increase the chances of return-to-work after maternity leave. In addition, to understand the process of sick leave and return-to-work after childbirth it is important to gain insight into which factors hinder return-to-work after childbirth, as well, as which prognostic factors lead to the development of postpartum health complaints. In this paper, the design of the Mom@Work study is described. Methods The Mom@Work study is simultaneously a randomised controlled trial and a cohort study. Pregnant women working for at least 12 hours a week at one of the 15 participating companies are eligible to participate. The supervisors of these pregnant employees are randomised at 35 weeks pregnancy into the intervention group or control group. During maternity leave, supervisors in the intervention group contact their employee six weeks after delivery using a structured interview. When employees do not expect to return to their jobs at the end of their scheduled maternity leave due to health problems, the supervisor offers early support of the occupational physician. Supervisors in the control group have no structural contact with their employees during maternity leave. Measurements take place at 30 weeks pregnancy and at 6, 12, 24 and 52 weeks postpartum. In addition, cost data are collected. For the RCT, primary outcome measures are sick leave and return-to-work, and secondary outcome measures are costs, health, satisfaction with intervention and global feelings of recovery. Outcome measures for the cohort are pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain, fatigue and depression. Finally, a number of prognostic factors for return-to-work and for the development of complaints will be measured. Discussion The Mom@Work study will provide important information about return-to-work of employees after giving birth. Results will give insight in prognosis of postpartum sick leave and complaints. Also, the role of supervisors and occupational physicians in successful return-to-work after childbirth will be clarified. PMID:17394629

Stomp-van den Berg, Suzanne GM; van Poppel, Mireille NM; Hendriksen, Ingrid JM; Bruinvels, David J; Uegaki, Kimi; de Bruijne, Martine C; van Mechelen, Willem

2007-01-01

211

Robotic natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (R-NOTES): Literature review and prototype system.  

PubMed

Abstract In minimally invasive surgery methods such as laparoscopic surgery, surgical instruments are introduced through small incisions to minimize patient trauma and recovery times. To reduce the number of incisions, new techniques such as natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) have been proposed. Compared to laparoscopic surgery, the NOTES approach, which requires new technology and improved instruments, presents some unique challenges. Robotic NOTES (R-NOTES) could be an enabling technology for these procedures. In this paper, we first review relevant work in R-NOTES. We then present our work and the system architecture for an R-NOTES prototype system incorporating wireless command and control. The system was tested twice in swine animal studies. PMID:25539996

Azizi Koutenaei, Bamshad; Wilson, Emmanuel; Monfaredi, Reza; Peters, Craig; Kronreif, Gernot; Cleary, Kevin

2015-02-01

212

Biology Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on the teaching of nutrition (including new information relating to many current O-level syllabi) and part 16 of a reading list for A- and S-level biology. Also includes a note on using earthworms as a source of material for teaching meiosis. (JN)

School Science Review, 1984

1984-01-01

213

Classroom Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this issue's "Classroom Notes" section, the following papers are discussed: (1) "Constructing a line segment whose length is equal to the measure of a given angle" (W. Jacob and T. J. Osler); (2) "Generating functions for the powers of Fibonacci sequences" (D. Terrana and H. Chen); (3) "Evaluation of mean and variance integrals without…

International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

214

Apparatus Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of notes describes (1) an optoelectronic apparatus for classroom demonstrations of mechanical laws, (2) a more efficient method for demonstrated nuclear chain reactions using electrically energized "traps" and ping-pong balls, and (3) an inexpensive demonstration for qualitative analysis of temperature-dependent resistance. (CS)

Eaton, Bruce G., Ed.

1980-01-01

215

Incidental captures of birds in small-mammal traps: a cautionary note for interdisciplinary studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although benefits of interdisciplinary studies are numerous, potential exists for data acqui- sition for some aspects of such studies to impact data acquisition for other aspects. This may be particularly true in studies involving both trapping of small mammals and assess- ment of bird populations. We summarize the incidence of birds captured during 8 research projects in Massachusetts, Oregon, and

David L. Waldien; Miranda M. Cooley; Jennifer Weikel; John P. Hayes; Chris C. Maguire; Tom Manning; Thomas J. Maier

2004-01-01

216

Notes on Teaching an Independent-Study Class in the Short Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the author addresses his independent study students. Suggests that teachers who write study guides and "teach" independent-study courses in literature should try to invent effective instructional aids that will mitigate the disadvantages of not having the everyday-classroom experience and provide maximum opportunity for freedom of…

Mayer, Charles W.

2003-01-01

217

Study of School-to-Work Reform Initiatives. [Volume I: Findings and Conclusions.] Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States is the only industrialized nation in the world that has no institutionalized school-to-work transition system for helping young people move from education to employment. The Academy for Educational Development's National Institute for Work and Learning (AED/NIWL) undertook a 4-year study of school-to-work transition education…

Charner, Ivan

218

The effects of new ways of work in the Netherlands: national data and a case study.  

PubMed

In 2010 15.2% of the work force in the Netherlands works with a computer at another location than at the office or at the clients' location. 27% of the Dutch working population is not satisfied about the possibility to work at home and 18% is not satisfied on the possibility to plan your own working time. The case control study affirms what has been reported as effects of new ways of work: the experienced productivity by communication and the representativeness of the office interior are improved and attention is needed for workers that need concentration space and need to personalize their work environment. In implementing new ways of work these issues need attention. PMID:22317113

Vink, P; Blok, M; Formanoy, M; de Korte, E; Groenesteijn, L

2012-01-01

219

No Evidence of Intelligence Improvement after Working Memory Training: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous recent studies seem to provide evidence for the general intellectual benefits of working memory training. In reviews of the training literature, Shipstead, Redick, and Engle (2010, 2012) argued that the field should treat recent results with a critical eye. Many published working memory training studies suffer from design limitations…

Redick, Thomas S.; Shipstead, Zach; Harrison, Tyler L.; Hicks, Kenny L.; Fried, David E.; Hambrick, David Z.; Kane, Michael J.; Engle, Randall W.

2013-01-01

220

Can an "Indigenous Employment Program" work? A case study of National Australia Bank  

E-print Network

Can an "Indigenous Employment Program" work? A case study of National Australia Bank Anne Daly, J780, J240 #12;2 Can an "Indigenous Employment Program" work? A case study of National Australia (AA) programs on the economic status of minority groups is the longer term implications for employment

221

First National Conference on the Work-Study-Play or Platoon Plan. Bulletin, 1922, No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In February, 1922, the United States Commissioner of Education, John J. Tigert, called the First National Conference on the Work-Study-Play, or Platoon. One result of this conference was that the superintendents who attended asked the United States Bureau of Education to serve as a clearing house of information in regard to the work-study-play…

Barrows, Alice

1922-01-01

222

Burnout among Turkish High School Teachers Working in Turkey and Abroad: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived levels of burnout among Turkish high school teachers working in Turkey and abroad. Method: A total of 255 Turkish teachers working at public schools in Germany (n=78), Cyprus (n=94) and Turkey (n=83) comprised our study group. In Germany and Cyprus, the participants were selected…

Aydogan, Ismail; Dogan, Ahmet Atilla; Bayram, Nuran

2009-01-01

223

Rotating Night Shift Work May Raise Risks of Heart Disease, Lung Cancer: Study  

MedlinePLUS

... Shift Work May Raise Risks of Heart Disease, Lung Cancer: Study Research can't prove cause-and-effect, ... a 25 percent higher risk of death from lung cancer, according to the study. The findings are to ...

224

The Specificity of Translator's Notes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our work on the style of the translator, we focus on the visually most obvious aspects of the translator's interventions in the translation process: the notes added by the translator. We base our work on the French-Chinese parallel corpus that we developed containing Romain Rolland's complete work Jean-Christophe and its Chinese translation. We can find, count, display and classify

Romain Rolland

225

Payload specialist station study. Volume 3: Program study cost estimates. Part 1: Work breakdown structure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work breakdown structure (WBS) for the Payload Specialist Station (PSS) is presented. The WBS is divided into two elements--PSS contractor and mission unique requirements. In accordance with the study ground rules, it is assumed that a single contractor, hereafter referred to as PSS Contractor will perform the following: (1) provide C and D hardware (MFDS and elements of MMSE), except for GFE; (2) identify software requirements; (3) provide GSE and ground test software; and (4) perform systems engineering and integration in support of the Aft Flight Deck (AFD) C and D concept. The PSS Contractor WBS element encompasses a core or standardized PSS concept. Payload peculiar C and D requirements identified by users will originate as a part of the WBS element mission unique requirements; these requirements will be provided to the PSS Contractor for implementation.

1976-01-01

226

Section 6 Schools in Six States: Eleven Case Studies of Transfer Issues. A RAND Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case studies in this report analyze the issues surrounding possible transfer of 11 Section 6 school systems (federally run schools on military bases) to state and local responsibility. Each case study addresses the extent to which a site is ready for transfer and what type of transfer option might be appropriate to that particular site. An…

Purnell, Susanna W.; And Others

227

Notes on Tracking Respondents in the Career Development Study, "Entry Into Careers."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph relates in considerable detail the procedures and experience of the Career Development Study in the relocation of 6,798 respondents to the first wave of a panel study. Following an introduction discussing the problems related to tracking, the design to track these young people who were high school juniors and seniors in 1965-66 is…

Call, Vaughn R. A.; And Others

228

Notes from the Ethnic Studies Home Front: Student Protests, Texting, and Subtexts of Oppression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The protest against Arizona House Bill 2281 designed to ban Ethnic Studies from K-12 public schools on 12 May 2010 in Tucson resulted in 15 arrests. Students walked out of their classrooms in large numbers to defend their Mexican American Studies curriculum and program. Based primarily on participant observation of the protest, the authors examine…

Otero, Lydia R.; Cammarota, Julio

2011-01-01

229

Reactivity in rapidly collected hygiene and toilet spot check measurements: a cautionary note for longitudinal studies.  

PubMed

Discreet collection of spot check observations to measure household hygiene conditions is a common measurement technique in epidemiologic studies of hygiene in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to determine whether the collection of spot check observations in longitudinal studies could itself induce reactivity (i.e., change participant behavior). We analyzed data from a 12-month prospective cohort study in rural Tamil Nadu, India that was conducted in the absence of any hygiene or toilet promotion activities. Our data included hygiene and toilet spot checks from 10,427 household visits. We found substantial evidence of participant reactivity to spot check observations of hygiene practices that were easy to modify on short notice. For example, soap observed at the household's primary handwashing location increased from 49% at enrollment to 81% by the fourth visit and remained at or above 77% for the remainder of the study. PMID:25385856

Arnold, Benjamin F; Khush, Ranjiv S; Ramaswamy, Padmavathi; Rajkumar, Paramasivan; Durairaj, Natesan; Ramaprabha, Prabhakar; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Colford, John M

2015-01-01

230

Gerontology Certificate The graduate certificate in gerontology builds upon undergraduate education or work experience through course work  

E-print Network

or Practicum: GERO 6600 - Practicum in Aging Studies #12;Note: Students with significant work experience a course selected from those included in (1), (2), or (3) above for GERO 6600 . Up to 6 s.h. of coursework

231

Note: Long-range scanning tunneling microscope for the study of nanostructures on insulating substrates  

SciTech Connect

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a powerful tool for studying the electronic properties at the atomic level, however, it is of relatively small scanning range and the fact that it can only operate on conducting samples prevents its application to study heterogeneous samples consisting of conducting and insulating regions. Here we present a long-range scanning tunneling microscope capable of detecting conducting micro and nanostructures on insulating substrates using a technique based on the capacitance between the tip and the sample and performing STM studies.

Molina-Mendoza, Aday J., E-mail: aday.molina@uam.es [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Rodrigo, José G.; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC) and Instituto Universitario de Ciencia de Materiales “Nicolás Cabrera,” Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Island, Joshua; Burzuri, Enrique; Zant, Herre S. J. van der [Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, P.O. Box 5046, 2600 GA Delft (Netherlands); Agraït, Nicolás [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain) [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC) and Instituto Universitario de Ciencia de Materiales “Nicolás Cabrera,” Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

2014-02-15

232

Notes from the field: investigation of contacts of a health care worker who worked while ill with pertussis - Maryland, august-september 2014.  

PubMed

On September 5, 2014, the public health department of a Maryland hospital was notified of a case of Bordetella pertussis infection confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a staff health care worker (HCW). The HCW experienced onset of diarrhea and malaise (nonrespiratory symptoms atypical of the catarrhal phase of pertussis) on August 26. By September 2, paroxysms of coughing led the HCW to consult a colleague, who ordered the PCR test, prescribed a 5-day course of azithromycin, and advised avoidance of patient care until treatment completion. Contrary to the hospital's infection control policy, neither the HCW nor the colleague reported the presumptive diagnosis of pertussis to the hospital's public health department. The HCW continued to work in the outpatient department until the positive PCR result was received on September 5, at which time the hospital's public health department was first notified. The hospital barred the HCW from further work at the hospital while ill, and, in collaboration with local and state public health counterparts, began a contact investigation and stratified patient and HCW contacts by level of exposure. PMID:25611170

Chu, Kasi M; Johnson, Lucas A

2015-01-23

233

Burnout, working conditions and gender - results from the northern Sweden MONICA Study  

PubMed Central

Background Sick-leave because of mental and behavioural disorders has increased considerably in Sweden since the late nineties, and especially in women. The aim of this study was to assess the level of burnout in the general working population in northern Sweden and analyse it's relation to working conditions and gender. Methods In this cross-sectional study the survey from the MONICA-study (Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease) in northern Sweden 2004 was used. A burnout instrument, the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ), was incorporated in the original survey which was sent to a random sample of 2500 individuals with a response rate of 76%. After including only actively working people, aged 25-64 years, our study population consisted of 1000 participants (497 women and 503 men). ANOVA and multiple linear regression models were used. Results The prevalence of a high level of burnout (SMBQ >4.0) was 13%. Women had a higher level of burnout than men with the most pronounced difference in the age group 35-44 years. In both sexes the level of burnout decreased with age. Demand and control at work, and job insecurity were related to burnout. In women the level of education, socioeconomic position, work object, and working varying hours were of importance. Interaction effects were found between sex and work object, and sex and working hours. In a multiple regression analysis almost half of the gender difference could be explained by work related and life situational factors. Conclusions Working life conditions contributed to the level of burnout in this actively working sample from the general population in northern Sweden. Especially in women, socioeconomic position was associated with burnout. The high level of burnout in women compared to men was partly explained by more unfavourable working conditions and life situational factors. Efforts to level out gender differences in burnout should probably focus on improving both working and socioeconomic conditions for women. PMID:20534136

2010-01-01

234

A Note on Intelligence Assessment within Studies of Specific Language Impairment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research procedures used to evaluate the intelligence of children with specific language impairment are reviewed. Almost half of the 167 studies did not include adequate descriptions of intelligence assessment. (Author/JDD)

Camarata, Stephen; Swisher, Linda

1990-01-01

235

Note on Tekman's study of preference judgments for excerpts of music.  

PubMed

Tekman's study is a useful exploration and benefits from his consideration of published research on music; however, his interpretation of music tempo research by LeBlanc and associates cannot be supported. It would be worthwhile for Tekman to conduct a follow-up study with a larger number of participants and music excerpts from other styles of music in addition to art music ("classical" music). PMID:9923170

LeBlanc, A

1998-12-01

236

Social Consequences of Nomadic Working: A Case Study in an Organization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study identified social challenges that knowledge workers in the Swedish organization TeliaSonera (Telia) face when utilizing wireless technologies to conduct work on the move. Upon collecting the relevant research data, five problem areas were identified: work and life balance, addiction, organizational involvement, nomadic work and control, and individual productivity. Each problem area was examined with the philosophical underpinning of socio-technical design principles. The results confirm that better role boundary management, self-discipline, work negotiation, and e-mail communication skills may be required for the knowledge workers to manage the demands of nomadic working. Similarly, rewarding nomadic work performance, building employee supervisor trust relations, and designing jobs that enhance work and life balance can be imperative.

Singh, Ramanjit; Wood-Harper, Trevor

237

Note: A stand on the basis of atomic force microscope to study substrates for imaging optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A description of a stand based on atomic force microscopy (AFM) for roughness measurements of large optical components with arbitrary surfaces is given. The sample under study is mounted on a uniaxial goniometer which allows the sample to be tilted in the range of ±30°. The inclination enables the local normal along the axis of the probe to be established at any point of the surface under study. A comparison of the results of the measurement of noise and roughness of a flat quartz sample, in the range of spatial frequencies 0.025-70 ?m-1, obtained from "standard" AFM and developed versions is given. Within the experimental error, the measurement results were equivalent. Examples of applications of the stand for the study of substrates for X-ray optics are presented.

Chkhalo, N. I.; Salashchenko, N. N.; Zorina, M. V.

2015-01-01

238

NOTE: A preliminary study for non-invasive quantification of manganese in human hand bones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese (Mn) is a nutrient essential for regulating neurological and skeletal functions in the human body, but it is also toxic when humans are excessively exposed to Mn. Blood (or serum/plasma) and other body fluids reflect only the most recent exposure and rapidly return to within normal ranges, even when there has been a temporary excursion in response to exposure. In this context, we have been developing a non-invasive measurement of Mn stored in bone, using in vivo neutron activation analysis. Following feasibility studies, a first pilot study, using neutron activation analysis to measure Mn in the bones of the hand of ten healthy male human subjects, was conducted with the approval of the concerned research ethics boards. The participants of this study had no known history of exposure to Mn. Two volunteers were excluded from this study due to technical problems with their measurements. The inverse variance weighted mean value of Mn/Ca for the participants of this study is 0.12 ± 0.68 µg Mn/g Ca which is comparable within uncertainties with the estimated range of 0.16 0.78 µg Mn/g Ca and mean value of 0.63 ± 0.30 µg Mn/g Ca derived from cadaver data. It is recommended to investigate the use of the diagnostic technique for in vivo measurements of workers exposed occupationally to excessive amounts of Mn who could develop many-fold increased levels of Mn in bones as demonstrated through various animal studies. The technique needs further development to improve the precision of in vivo measurements in the non-exposed population.

Aslam; Pejovi?-Mili?, A.; Chettle, D. R.; McNeill, F. E.; Pysklywec, M. W.; Oudyk, J.

2008-10-01

239

DESIGN NOTE: An opposed jet burner for the study of high-intensity combustion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

bla***An opposed jet burner for the study of high-intensity combustion in the distributed reaction regime is described. The Kolmogorov microscale of turbulence is smaller than the laminar flame thickness. This burner can be applied to both premixed and diffusion flame studies. A stable annular turbulent premixed or diffusion flame can be stabilized between two ceramic plates, which ensure the adiabaticity of the flame. A characteristic feature of this burner is its easy optical access and probe measurements. The NOx emission characteristics of this burner are described in relation to the high-intensity combustion.

Yoshida, Akira

1999-12-01

240

Work Time Control and Sleep Disturbances: Prospective Cohort Study of Finnish Public Sector Employees  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Employee control over work times has been associated with favorable psychosocial and health-related outcomes, but the evidence regarding sleep quality remains inconclusive. We examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between work time control and sleep disturbances in a large working population, taking into account total hours worked. Methods: The data were from a full-panel longitudinal cohort study of Finnish public sector employees who responded to questions on work time control and sleep disturbances in years 2000-2001, 2004-2005, 2008-2009, and 2012. The analysis of cross-sectional associations was based on 129,286 person measurements from 68,089 participants (77% women) aged 17-73 years (mean 43.1). Data from 16,503 participants were used in the longitudinal analysis. Log-binomial regression analysis with the generalized estimating equations method was used. Results: Consistently in both cross-sectional and longitudinal models, less control over work time was associated with greater sleep disturbances in the total population and among those working normal 40-hour weeks. Among participants working more than 40 hours a week, work time that was both very high (cross-sectional prevalence ratio compared to intermediate work time control [PR] 1.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.65) and very low (PR 1.23, 95% CI 1.08-1.39) was associated with sleep disturbances, after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Conclusions: These data suggest that having few opportunities to influence the duration and positioning of work time may increase the risk of sleep disturbances among employees. For persons working long hours, very high levels of control over working times were also associated with increased risk of sleep disturbances. Citation: Salo P, Ala-Mursula L, Rod NH, Tucker P, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Work time control and sleep disturbances: prospective cohort study of Finnish public sector employees. SLEEP 2014;37(7):1217-1225. PMID:25061250

Salo, Paula; Ala-Mursula, Leena; Rod, Naja Hulvej; Tucker, Philip; Pentti, Jaana; Kivimäki, Mika; Vahtera, Jussi

2014-01-01

241

Burnout, working conditions and gender - results from the northern Sweden MONICA Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Sick-leave because of mental and behavioural disorders has increased considerably in Sweden since the late nineties, and especially in women. The aim of this study was to assess the level of burnout in the general working population in northern Sweden and analyse it's relation to working conditions and gender. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study the survey from the MONICA-study

Sofia Norlund; Christina Reuterwall; Jonas Höög; Bernt Lindahl; Urban Janlert; Lisbeth Slunga Birgander

2010-01-01

242

Limiting Nonresponse in Longitudinal Research: Three Strategies for School-Based Studies. A RAND Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal studies conducted with children typically experience non-response problems that can make substantial inroads on sample size and introduce bias into the analysis. Three methods for limiting non-response in school-based research programs were assessed: (1) asking parents to return consent forms only if they do not want their children to…

Ellickson, Phyllis L.

243

Technical Note Study on rapeseed oil as alternative fuel for a single-cylinder diesel engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to provide knowledge necessary for raising the thermal efficiency of mixed oil composed of rapeseed oil and conventional diesel oil and for improving the performance of an engine fuelled by the mixture. The experimental results obtained showed that a mixing ratio of 30% rapeseed oil and 70% diesel oil was practically optimal in ensuring relatively high

Y. He; Y. D. Bao

244

A cautionary note about estimating effects of secondary exposures in cohort studies.  

PubMed

Cohort studies are often enriched for a primary exposure of interest to improve cost-effectiveness, which presents analytical challenges not commonly discussed in epidemiology. In this paper, we use causal diagrams to represent exposure-enriched cohort studies, illustrate a scenario wherein the risk ratio for the effect of a secondary exposure on an outcome is biased, and propose an analytical method for correcting for such bias. In our motivating example, maternal smoking (Z) is a cause of fetal growth restriction (X), which subsequently affects preterm birth (Y) (i.e., Z ? X ? Y); strong positive associations exist between both Z, X and X, Y; and enrichment for X increases its prevalence from 10% to 50%. In the X-enriched cohort, unadjusted and X-adjusted analyses lead to bias in the risk ratio for the total effect of Z on Y. After application of inverse probability weights, the bias is corrected, with a small loss of efficiency in comparison with a same-sized study without X-enrichment. With increasing interest in conducting secondary analyses to reduce research costs, caution should be employed when analyzing studies that have already been enriched, intentionally or unintentionally, for a primary exposure of interest. Causal diagrams can help identify scenarios in which secondary analyses may be biased. Inverse probability weights can be used to remove the bias. PMID:25589243

Ahrens, K A; Cole, S R; Westreich, D; Platt, R W; Schisterman, E F

2015-02-01

245

Is working in culturally diverse working environment associated with physicians' work-related well-being? A cross-sectional survey study among Finnish physicians.  

PubMed

International mobility of health care professionals is increasing, though little is known about how working in a culturally diverse team affects the native physicians' psychosocial work environment. We examined Finnish physicians' perceptions of work-related wellbeing according to whether they had foreign-born colleagues (FBCs) in their work unit. We also examined whether work-related resources moderate the potential association between work-related wellbeing and working alongside FBCs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted for a random sample of physicians in Finland in 2010 (3826 respondents, response rate 55%). Analyses were restricted to native Finnish physicians working in public health care. The results were analyzed by ANCOVA. In unadjusted analyses, having FBCs was related to poor team climate (p<0.001) and poor job satisfaction (p=0.001). Those physicians who reported high procedural justice and high job control perceived also higher job satisfaction even if they had many FBCs in the work unit (p=0.007 for interaction between FBCs and procedural justice and p<0.001 for interaction between FBCs and job control). These associations were robust to adjustments for age, sex, health care sector, specialization, on-call duty, employment contract, full-time employment and leadership position. The results indicate that culturally diverse work units face challenges related to team climate and job satisfaction. The results also show that leadership plays an important role in culturally diverse work units. The potential challenges of culturally diverse teams for native physicians may be reduced by fair decision-making and by increasing physicians' job control. PMID:24602375

Aalto, Anna-Mari; Heponiemi, Tarja; Väänänen, Ari; Bergbom, Barbara; Sinervo, Timo; Elovainio, Marko

2014-08-01

246

[Notes for studying primary care within the context of segmented health systems].  

PubMed

This paper discusses the contribution of the concept of governance, combined with traditional approaches to primary health care (PHC) analysis, in a multicentre study covering Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Considering health systems? variety of configurations and their segmented context, it aims to compare PHC implementation and performance characteristics in each country so as to explain them according to different determinants and compare them to governance models. Each country?s segmented context is presented, identifying public, private and social insurance sub-sectors? arrangements. The PHC concept and its potential role in reorganizing equity- and access-based health systems are discussed. Five dimensions for PHC study are then defined: stewardship, financing, resources, comprehensiveness and intersectorality. Governance analysis revealed state-society relationships and is thus proposed as a tool for understanding such dimensions? dynamic relationships. PMID:20963303

Bursztyn, Ivani; Kushnir, Rosana; Giovanella, Lígia; Stolkiner, Alícia; Sterman-Heimann, Luiza; Riveros, Maria I; Sollazzo, Ana

2010-01-01

247

A cross-cultural study of work\\/family demands, work\\/family conflict and wellbeing: the Taiwanese vs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The aim of the research is twofold: to explore relations between work\\/family demands, work-family conflict (WFC), family-work conflict (FWC) and wellbeing outcomes, and to contrast employees from an individualistic (UK) and a collectivistic (Taiwan) society. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - Heterogeneous samples of full-time employees in Taiwan and UK were surveyed using structured questionnaires. Findings - For both the Taiwanese and

British Luo Lu; Robin Gilmour; Shu-Fang Kao

248

The Relationship Between Work-to-Family Conflict and Family-to-Work Conflict: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict was tested using a longitudinal research design with 234 dual-earner couples caring for both children and aging parents. Two waves of mailed survey data were collected. The mediating effects of role-related satisfaction were hypothesized to link these two forms of work-family conflict. The analytical steps for determining mediating effects followed suggestions by

Yueng-Hsiang Huang; Leslie B. Hammer; Margaret B. Neal; Nancy A. Perrin

2004-01-01

249

NOTE: Spectral sensitivity study of dose distributions for a commercial convolution\\/superposition algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study is to validate whether the sensitivity of dose distribution following the interface of different media can be used to distinguish between small variations of photon energy spectra in the context of the convolution\\/superposition algorithm in the polyenergetic implementation (Philips Pinnacle3, ADAC Laboratories, Milpitas, CA). Calculations were performed in homogeneous water and heterogeneous lung\\/water phantoms. Spectra

P. S. Torres; P. M. Charland; L. D. Paniak

2004-01-01

250

Technical Notes: Multiple-Tank Aquarium System with Recirculating Water for Laboratory Studies of Freshwater Fishes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recirculating-water aquarium system for laboratory studies of freshwater fishes is described. The system consists of 216 glass tanks (3.5 gal each), two particle filters, a multistage biofilter, two ultraviolet-light sterilizers, and a regenerative blower for auxiliary aeration. Each tank is connected separately to the recirculating-water supply through inflow and outflow manifold pipes. Water flow to individual tanks is adjustable

Roger W. Rottmann; Donald E. Campton

1989-01-01

251

SOCIAL WORK Program of Study The full MSW Program consists of 63 credit hours-45 credits of classroom work and 18 credits of  

E-print Network

SOCIAL WORK Program of Study The full MSW Program consists of 63 credit hours- 45 credits the program. The Master's of Social Work Program is designed for people who are interested in entering the social work profession at an advanced professional level and for people currently in the profession who

Thomas, Andrew

252

Staying at work with back pain: patients' experiences of work-related help received from GPs and other clinicians. A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Low back pain commonly affects work ability, but little is known about the work-related help and advice that patients receive from GPs and other clinicians. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of employed people with back pain and their perceptions of how GPs and other clinicians have addressed their work difficulties. METHODS: A qualitative approach

Carol Coole; Paul J Watson; Avril Drummond

2010-01-01

253

Patients' experience of return to work rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury: A phenomenological study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are young adults who, prior to their TBI, were in paid employment. Psychosocial outcome after TBI, for many, remains poor. This includes low rates of return to pre-injury work or education, among others. This qualitative study explored the experience of return to work (RTW) rehabilitation with 10 individuals who sustained TBI. Data were

J. Marian Hooson; R. Coetzer; G. Stew; A. Moore

2012-01-01

254

A 2-year follow-up study of work ability among college educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate work ability among college educators before and after an intervention at the workplace. An administrative restructuring in the workplace started to be implemented in 2005. The work ability index (WAI) was administered to 154 educators before the restructure in 2004 and to 60 educators following the restructure in 2006. A t-test comparing

Elaine C. Marqueze; Gustavo P. Voltz; Flávio N. S. Borges; Claudia R. C. Moreno

2008-01-01

255

Outcome Studies in Social Work Journals: A Review of Publication Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work practice emerges from research conducted with outcome studies that attempt to capture the "change" that social work services are designed to influence. However, it is unclear the extent to which social workers are prioritizing, and thereby producing, publications that investigate this change. We find that both the number and…

LeCroy, Craig W.; Williams, Lela Rankin

2013-01-01

256

A Two-Study Examination of Work-Family Conflict, Production Deviance and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on the spillover and crossover literatures of work-family conflict and the theoretical framework of Conservation of Resources Theory (Hobfoll, 1989) we examine the effects of conflict on production deviance. Using a two-study constructive replication and extension design, we examine how partner work-to-family conflict contributes to job…

Ferguson, Merideth; Carlson, Dawn; Hunter, Emily M.; Whitten, Dwayne

2012-01-01

257

From Laura Ingalls to Wing Biddlebaum: A Study of Teacher Identity in Works of Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to systemically analyze the types of teachers that appear in works of literature, and to explore the various teacher identities that are depicted. The data consists of 44 works of literature representing a wide variety of genres, settings, cultures, and historical periods. They include 20 adult novels, 6 young adult…

Muchmore, James A.

2010-01-01

258

Work, retirement and physical activity: cross-sectional analyses from the Whitehall II study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To explore the relationship between work, retirement and physical activity. Methods: Cross- sectional analyses of data from self-completed questionnaires by 6224 civil servants aged 45-69 years participating in phase 5 of the Whitehall II longitudinal study. Results: There appeared to be a dose- response relationship between hours worked and the prevalence of physical activity, with a lower prevalence of

Gill K. Mein; Martin J. Shipley; Melvyn Hillsdon; George T. H. Ellison; Michael G. Marmot

2005-01-01

259

Work Stress, Burnout, and Coping. Brief Summary of an Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of social and family disruption from stress in the work place has caused the American Psychological Association to conclude that "American workers...constitute a work force more at risk than ever for psychological, physical, and behavioral health problems." The study explores what can be learned from successful coping and questions…

Matheny, Kenneth B.; Gfroerer, Coleman A.; Curlette, William C.; Harris, Kristin

260

Supervisor Support, Work-Family Conflict, and Satisfaction Outcomes: An Empirical Study in the Hotel Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study developed and tested a model that investigated the relationship of supervisor support with work-family conflict and family-work conflict and the effects of both directions of conflict with family satisfaction, career satisfaction, and life satisfaction. The model also examined the impact of supervisor support on family and career satisfaction outcomes and the effects of these satisfaction variables on

Osman M. Karatepe; Orhan Uludag

2008-01-01

261

WORK-LIFE BALANCE IN THE TOURISM INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus into the issue within the tourism industry. The paper presents a case study of a five star hotel that attempts to address issues of employee dissatisfaction and included in these issues are embryonic

Margaret Deery; Leo Jago; Michael Stewart

262

Strategies for Research Development in Hospital Social Work: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article identifies salient components in the advancement of social work research leadership within health care. Method: Using tenets of a modified retrospective case study approach, processes and outcomes of social work research progression at a pediatric hospital are reviewed. Results: Capacity-building processes were…

McNeill, Ted; Nicholas, David Bruce

2012-01-01

263

The lived experience of psychotherapists working with older clients: an heuristic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an heuristic study based on the research question: ‘How do psychotherapists experience working with older clients?’ The question came from the researchers’ experience and interest in working with older clients in general practice. It started from the researchers’ desire to examine more closely feelings and elements present in their own experience in dialogue with

Dianne Atkins; Del Loewenthal

2004-01-01

264

Effects of Client Violence on Social Work Students: A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a work stress theoretical framework to examine the effects of direct and indirect client violence on a randomly selected national sample of MSW and BSW social work students from the National Association of Social Workers (N=595). Client violence variables were analyzed in relationship to fear of future violence and occupational…

Criss, Pam

2010-01-01

265

Vocal Behavior and Vocal Loading Factors for Preschool Teachers at Work Studied with Binaural DAT Recordings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preschool teachers are at risk for developing voice problems such as vocal fatigue and vocal nodules. The purpose of this report was to study preschool teachers' voice use during work. Ten healthy female preschool teachers working at daycare centers (DCC) served as subjects. A binaural recording technique was used. Two microphones were placed on both sides of the subject's head,

Maria Södersten; Svante Granqvist; Britta Hammarberg; Annika Szabo

2002-01-01

266

Stability and Change in Work Values: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies was conducted to investigate stability and change in work values across the life span. Both rank-order stability and mean-level change were investigated using an integrative classification for intrinsic, extrinsic, social and status work values (Ross, Schwartz, & Surkis, 1999). Results of rank-order…

Jin, Jing; Rounds, James

2012-01-01

267

An Exploratory Study into Work/Family Balance within the Australian Higher Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education landscape is undergoing major transformation, with a significant impact on the work and family practices of academics and professional staff. The purpose of this exploratory study is to examine the extent to which (1) time-related, (2) strain-related and (3) demographical variables impact on the work/family balance of academic…

Pillay, Soma; Kluvers, Ron; Abhayawansa, Subhash; Vranic, Vedran

2013-01-01

268

Earnings and Work Expectations of Social Security Disability Beneficiaries. Washington, DC: Center for Studying Disability Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 prompted changes in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) programs to help beneficiaries get and stay employed. This brief, the first in a new series from the Center for Studying Disability Policy at Mathematica, highlights the extent to which SSI and SSDI beneficiaries are

Gina A. Livermore

2008-01-01

269

The Impact of Work Stressors on the Life Satisfaction of Social Service Workers: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past several decades, there has been an increase in the number of studies that have examined the impact of the work environment on social service employees. Much of this research has focused on how the work environment helps shape the job satisfaction, job stress, and burnout of workers. Very little research has been conducted on the impact of

Sudershan Pasupuleti; Reva I. Allen; Eric G. Lambert; Terry Cluse-Tolar

2009-01-01

270

Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to  

E-print Network

Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to maintain supervisor information for hourly paid work-study students. Work-Study jobs have an assigned supervisor when they are created

Guenther, Frank

271

Persistent work-life conflict and health satisfaction - A representative longitudinal study in Switzerland  

PubMed Central

Background The objectives of the present study were (1) to track work-life conflict in Switzerland during the years 2002 to 2008 and (2) to analyse the relationship between work-life conflict and health satisfaction, examining whether long-term work-life conflict leads to poor health satisfaction. Methods The study is based on a representative longitudinal database (Swiss Household Panel), covering a six-year period containing seven waves of data collection. The sample includes 1261 persons, with 636 men and 625 women. Data was analysed by multi-level mixed models and analysis of variance with repeated measures. Results In the overall sample, there was no linear increase or decrease of work-life conflict detected, in either its time-based or strain-based form. People with higher education were more often found to have a strong work-life conflict (time- and strain-based), and more men demonstrated a strong time-based work-life conflict than women (12.2% vs. 5%). A negative relationship between work-life conflict and health satisfaction over time was found. People reporting strong work-life conflict at every wave reported lower health satisfaction than people with consistently weak work-life conflict. However, the health satisfaction of those with a continuously strong work-life conflict did not decrease during the study period. Conclusions Both time-based and strain-based work-life conflict are strongly correlated to health satisfaction. However, no evidence was found for a persistent work-life conflict leading to poor health satisfaction. PMID:21529345

2011-01-01

272

Note on the applicability of the James-Stein estimator in regional hydrologic studies.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

By means of computer simulation studies the James-Stein estimator, subject to the Lindley modification and adoption of the positive part rule suggested by Efron and Morris and conditioned on the assumption of independence, was shown to be robust in the case of the hydrologically plausible distribution considered here, namely, Weibull distributions with coefficient of skewness ranging from 0 to 10. However, in contrast to traditional methods of regionalization the effect of cross correlation is a diminishment of the relative risk advantage of the James-Stein estimator, even in the best case of normal variables: this is discussed and illustrated. -from Authors

Landwehr, J.M.; Matalas, N.C.; Wallis, J.R.

1984-01-01

273

Hypertension Education Intervention with Ugandan Nurses Working in Hospital Outpatient Clinic: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) pose a significant global burden in both developed and developing countries. It is estimated that, by 2025, 41.7% of males and 38.7% of females in Sub-Saharan Africa will develop high blood pressure (HBP). This is particularly true in Uganda with hypertensive prevalence rates estimated to range from 22.5% to 30.5%. Coupled with low levels of detection, treatment, and control, hypertension represents a Ugandan public health crisis. An innovative WHO-ISH education program culturally was adapted in a pilot study and focused on knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSA) of nurses caring for hypertensive patients in an outpatient clinic. Pre-post intervention data was collected and analyzed in which significant improvements were noted on all the three outcome measures. This pilot study demonstrated that nurses' knowledge, skills, and attitudes could be significantly improved with a multimodal education program implemented in a low resource environment. PMID:25548662

Becker, Kathleen

2014-01-01

274

[Preliminary results of studies on the incidence, causes and effects of accidents at work in the Be?chatów Industrial District. II. Indirect causes of accidents at work].  

PubMed

The work is a continuation of studies of accidents at work at the Belchatów Industrial District. Analysed have been indirect factors causing accidents at work. Those factors were found to cause accidents much more often than the direct ones. They are particularly significant for young workers. The season, month, day of month, consecutive working hour and climate did not significantly affect the frequency of accidents. PMID:3784907

Adamczyk, Z; Bilski, D; Ciesielski, L; Gryszkiewicz, M; Korzycki, J; Markert, R; Modzelewski, B; Plewi?ski, J; Sereczy?ska-Wo?niak, T; Staniaszczyk, M

1986-01-01

275

Work resumption at the price of distrust: a qualitative study on return to work legislation in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background Return to work (RTW) after sick leave is considered necessary to support the employees’ health. Cooperation between employees and employers may encourage employees’ RTW, but is hampered by bottlenecks that we do not completely understand. Dutch legislation means to support this cooperation and allows trying RTW during two years. The Resource Dependence Institutional Cooperation (RDIC) model has been developed for studying cooperation in public health. Study aims were to get insight into the degree of cooperation between Dutch sick-listed employees and employers, how this (lack of) cooperation can be understood, and how valid the RDIC model is for understanding this (lack of) cooperation. Methods This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 8 employees and 8 employers. Employees reported sick for 1.5-20 months for various reasons. Interviews were analysed using an interpretative approach and pattern matching. Results Cooperation was lacking early during sick leave. Later on there were regular meetings, but employers decided about RTW without consulting the employees. Particularly employers were motivated to cooperate during the first year, while employees were especially motivated during the second. This could be understood by experienced dependence; employees (first year) and employers (second year) did not consider cooperation to be important for achieving medical recovery (employees) or RTW (employers). These divergent goals may be understood by personal norms about the timing of medical recovery and RTW. Legislation was particularly effective regarding employer behaviour in year 1 and employee behaviour in year 2. Employees distrusted their employers during the first year, while employers reported to distrust the employees during the second year. Besides, employees and employers experienced a moderate ability to cooperate. This could be understood particularly by having moderate knowledge about legislation. The RDIC model appeared to be valid to understand the cases studied, but the additional factor distrust also played a role. Conclusions Legislation appeared to support cooperation, but awareness of a mutual dependence, trust, knowledge about the legislation and personal norms regarding recovery and RTW are also important. Professionals such as occupational physicians should support this to attain a degree of cooperation that is necessary for effective RTW. PMID:23421974

2013-01-01

276

The impact of engaging leadership on performance, attitudes to work and wellbeing at work : A longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between quality of leadership and attitudes to work and a sense of wellbeing at work, and organizational performance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a longitudinal empirical investigation, using quantitative methods. Findings – The findings were fourfold: the leadership instrument used was demonstrated to have convergent, discriminant and predictive validity;

Beverly Alimo-Metcalfe; John Alban-Metcalfe; Margaret Bradley; Jeevi Mariathasan; Chiara Samele

2008-01-01

277

Note: Tesla based pulse generator for electrical breakdown study of liquid dielectrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the process of studying charge holding capability and delay time for breakdown in liquids under nanosecond (ns) time scales, a Tesla based pulse generator has been developed. Pulse generator is a combination of Tesla transformer, pulse forming line, a fast closing switch, and test chamber. Use of Tesla transformer over conventional Marx generators makes the pulse generator very compact, cost effective, and requires less maintenance. The system has been designed and developed to deliver maximum output voltage of 300 kV and rise time of the order of tens of nanoseconds. The paper deals with the system design parameters, breakdown test procedure, and various experimental results. To validate the pulse generator performance, experimental results have been compared with PSPICE simulation software and are in good agreement with simulation results.

Veda Prakash, G.; Kumar, R.; Patel, J.; Saurabh, K.; Shyam, A.

2013-12-01

278

Note: Experimental platform for magnetized high-energy-density plasma studies at the omega laser facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An upgrade of the pulsed magnetic field generator magneto-inertial fusion electrical discharge system [O. Gotchev et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 043504 (2009)] is described. The device is used to study magnetized high-energy-density plasma and is capable of producing a pulsed magnetic field of tens of tesla in a volume of a few cubic centimeters. The magnetic field is created by discharging a high-voltage capacitor through a small wire-wound coil. The coil current pulse has a duration of about 1 ?s and a peak value of 40 kA. Compared to the original, the updated version has a larger energy storage and improved switching system. In addition, magnetic coils are fabricated using 3-D printing technology which allows for a greater variety of the magnetic field topology.

Fiksel, G.; Agliata, A.; Barnak, D.; Brent, G.; Chang, P.-Y.; Folnsbee, L.; Gates, G.; Hasset, D.; Lonobile, D.; Magoon, J.; Mastrosimone, D.; Shoup, M. J.; Betti, R.

2015-01-01

279

Note: Experimental platform for magnetized high-energy-density plasma studies at the omega laser facility.  

PubMed

An upgrade of the pulsed magnetic field generator magneto-inertial fusion electrical discharge system [O. Gotchev et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 043504 (2009)] is described. The device is used to study magnetized high-energy-density plasma and is capable of producing a pulsed magnetic field of tens of tesla in a volume of a few cubic centimeters. The magnetic field is created by discharging a high-voltage capacitor through a small wire-wound coil. The coil current pulse has a duration of about 1 ?s and a peak value of 40 kA. Compared to the original, the updated version has a larger energy storage and improved switching system. In addition, magnetic coils are fabricated using 3-D printing technology which allows for a greater variety of the magnetic field topology. PMID:25638132

Fiksel, G; Agliata, A; Barnak, D; Brent, G; Chang, P-Y; Folnsbee, L; Gates, G; Hasset, D; Lonobile, D; Magoon, J; Mastrosimone, D; Shoup, M J; Betti, R

2015-01-01

280

45 CFR 2519.120 - What is the Federal Work-Study requirement?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE HIGHER EDUCATION INNOVATIVE PROGRAMS FOR COMMUNITY SERVICE Purpose and Eligibility To Apply § 2519.120 What is the Federal Work-Study...

2010-10-01

281

Illinois Institute of Technology Federal WorkStudy (FWS) Student Employment Program  

E-print Network

by the Internal Revenue Service (501C3). TAX IDENTIFICATION NUMBER _________________ _____ other (pleaseIllinois Institute of Technology Federal WorkStudy (FWS) Student Employment Program Community and institution of higher education ("IIT"), and _________________________________________, a Federal, State

Argamon, Shlomo

282

Self-rostering and psychosocial work factors - A mixed methods intervention study.  

PubMed

This study aims at 1) examining the effect of self-rostering on emotional demands, quantitative demands, work pace, influence, social community at work, social support from leaders and colleagues, job satisfaction, and negative acts, 2) examining whether this effect was mediated through increased influence on the scheduling of working hours, and interpreting the results in light of the different implementation processes that emerged in the study and by including qualitative data. We conducted a 12 months follow-up, quasi-experimental study of self-rostering among 28 workplaces out of which 14 served as reference workplaces. We also interviewed 26 employees and 14 managers about their expectations of introducing self-rostering. In the present study implementation of self-rostering had a positive effect on job demands and the social environment of the workplace, especially if the intervention does not comprise drastic changes of the organisation of the employees' work and private life. PMID:25479989

Hansen, Ase Marie; Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten; Albertsen, Karen; Hogh, Annie; Lund, Henrik; Hvid, Helge; Garde, Anne Helene

2015-03-01

283

Work and Energy Problem: Calculating Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A 12-kg box slides down a 30 degree frictionless ramp at constant speed as shown in the animation (position is in meters and time is in seconds). Note that both gravity and the hand do work on the box.

Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario

2006-01-21

284

Technical notes: A detailed study for the provision of measurement uncertainty and traceability for goniospectrometers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The measurement uncertainty and traceability of the Finnish Geodetic Institutess field gonio-spectro-polarimeter FIGIFIGO have been assessed. First, the reference standard (Spectralon sample) was measured at the National Standard Laboratory of MIKES-Aalto. This standard was transferred to FGIs field reference standard (larger Spectralon sample), and from that to the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), reference standards (1 m2 plates). The reflectance measurement uncertainty of FIGIFIGO has been estimated to be 0.01 in ideal laboratory conditions, but about 0.02-0.05 in typical field conditions, larger at larger solar or observation zenith angles. Target specific uncertainties can increase total uncertainty even to 0.1-0.2. The angular reading uncertainty is between 1° and 3°, depending on user selection, and the polarisation uncertainty is around 0.01. For UAV, the transferred reflectance uncertainty is about 0.05-0.1, depending on, how ideal the measurement conditions are. The design concept of FIGIFIGO has been proved to have a number of advantages, such as a well-adopted user-friendly interface, a high level of automation and excellent suitability for the field measurements. It is a perfect instrument for collection of reference data on a given target in natural (and well-recorded) conditions. In addition to the strong points of FIGIFIGO, the current study reveals several issues that need further attention, such as the field of view, illumination quality, polarisation calibration, Spectralon reflectance and polarisation properties in the 1000-2400 nm range.

Peltoniemi, Jouni I.; Hakala, Teemu; Suomalainen, Juha; Honkavaara, Eija; Markelin, Lauri; Gritsevich, Maria; Eskelinen, Juho; Jaanson, Priit; Ikonen, Erkki

2014-10-01

285

Study of polymorphs of progesterone by novel melt sonocrystallization technique: a technical note.  

PubMed

A large number of pharmaceuticals exhibit polymorphism; 23% steroids, 60% sulfonamides, and 70% of barbiturates have shown this property. In this study, we have investigated and compared a new technique termed as melt sonocrystallization (MSC) with melt and sonocrystallization (SC) for induction of polymorphism in progesterone (PRG). Polymorphs were characterized by DSC, XRD, FT-IR, and FT Raman spectroscopy. Melt sonocrystallized progesterone (MSC-PRG) contained both the polymorphs, more soluble form II along with less soluble form I, whereas melt progesterone (M-PRG) and sonocrystallized progesterone (SC-PRG) contained only form I. Improvement in dissolution characteristics of both the polymorphs were compared and form II was found to be more readily soluble than form I in deionized water. Reduction in mean particle size of PRG during SC was also determined using laser diffractometer. During stability testing (40°C/75% RH) for 1 month, metastable form II of MSC-PRG was found to be transformed into its more stable state. MSC technique was thus found as a useful tool for induction of polymorphism. PMID:20857350

Tripathi, R; Biradar, Shailesh V; Mishra, B; Paradkar, Anant R

2010-09-01

286

Some Working Parameters and Energy Use in a Pistachio Nut Processing Plant: A Case Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was performed with the objective to investigate the work process, work capacity, work effectiveness, energy consumption and labor force requirements of basic units such as washing, dehulling, sorting, separating, roasting and packing in a pistachio processing plant which has been mechanized in the last years. As a result of this study, the work capacity in washing, sorting, breaking, drying, separating units was found to be 1.5, 1.5, 2, 1, 1.6 t h-1, respectively. The work effectiveness in sorting and breaking units was found to be 95% and that of separating unit was 99%. The total energy consumption of the units was found to be 20.42 kW h-1 and the total labor force requirement was found to be five workers.

Polat, Refik; Erol Ak, Bekir; Acar, Izzet

287

Evaluation of Work Place Stress in Health University Workers: A Study from Rural India  

PubMed Central

Background: Healthcare providers being over-worked and under staffed are prone to poor mental health. Unhealthy work place compounds it further. Aims: This study was aimed at to assess the mental health status of a medical university employee with special reference to work place stressors. Settings and design: A cross-sectional study was designed and carried out at a Rural Health University. Materials and Methods: Both the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-12 and Holmes–Rahe Scale were used to evaluate 406 participants. Statistical analysis: Multivariate analysis, correlation, and ANOVA by SPSS 11.0. Results: The minimum age of the participant was 19 years and the maximum 64 years, with an average age at 35.09 years. On the GHQ scale 239(58.9%) recorded psychiatric morbidity out of which 201(49.5%) had moderate and 38(9.3%) severe morbidity. Doctors were the highest stressed group (P ? 0.04). Prominent work environmental stressors were poor departmental reorganization, lack of cohesiveness in department, difficult superiors and juniors (P ? 0.001, Pearson correlation). Stressors associated with work organization and work nature were: noninvolvement in departmental decision making and lack of proper feedback; along with; work load, lack of clarity in job, and a erratic work schedule (P ? 0.001 on Pearson correlation). Harassment, favoritism, discrimination, and lack of self-expression (P ? 0.003) were other factors responsible for work dissatisfaction. Conclusions: A high stress level was detected in the study population. The principal stressors were work environment related. Poor work culture was found to lead to job dissatisfaction among majority. PMID:21687380

Mishra, Badrinarayan; Mehta, SC; Sinha, Nidhi Dinesh; Shukla, Sushil Kumar; Ahmed, Nadeem; Kawatra, Abhishek

2011-01-01

288

Technical Note: On the Use of Nudging for Aerosol-Climate Model Intercomparison Studies  

SciTech Connect

Nudging is an assimilation technique widely used in the development and evaluation of climate models. Con- straining the simulated wind and temperature fields using global weather reanalysis facilitates more straightforward comparison between simulation and observation, and reduces uncertainties associated with natural variabilities of the large-scale circulation. On the other hand, the artificial forcing introduced by nudging can be strong enough to change the basic characteristics of the model climate. In the paper we show that for the Community Atmosphere Model version 5, due to the systematic temperature bias in the standard model and the relatively strong sensitivity of homogeneous ice nucleation to aerosol concentration, nudging towards reanalysis results in substantial reductions in the ice cloud amount and the impact of anthropogenic aerosols on longwave cloud forcing. In order to reduce discrepancies between the nudged and unconstrained simulations and meanwhile take the advantages of nudging, two alternative experimentation methods are evaluated. The first one constrains only the horizontal winds. The second method nudges both winds and temperature, but replaces the long-term climatology of the reanalysis by that of the model. Results show that both methods lead to substantially improved agreement with the free-running model in terms of the top-of-atmosphere radiation budget and cloud ice amount. The wind-only nudging is more convenient to apply, and provides higher correlations of the wind fields, geopotential height and specific humidity between simulation and reanalysis. This suggests that nudging the horizontal winds but not temperature is a good strategy, especially for studies that involve both warm and cold clouds.

Zhang, Kai; Wan, Hui; Liu, Xiaohong; Ghan, Steven J.; Kooperman, G. J.; Ma, Po-Lun; Rasch, Philip J.; Neubauer, David; Lohmann, U.

2014-08-26

289

Computational and experimental study of proximal flow in ventricular catheters. Technical note.  

PubMed

The treatment of hydrocephalus with shunt insertion is fraught with high failure rates. Evidence indicates that the proximal holes in a catheter are the primary sites of blockage. The authors have studied ventricular catheter designs by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), two-dimensional water table experiments, and a three-dimensional (3D) automated testing apparatus together with an actual catheter. With the CFD model, the authors calculated that 58% of the total fluid mass flows into the catheter's most proximal holes and that greater than 80% flows into the two most proximal sets of holes within an eight-hole catheter. In fact, most of the holes in the catheters were ineffective. These findings were experimentally verified using two completely different methodologies: a water table model of a shunt catheter and a 3D automated testing apparatus with an actual catheter to visualize flow patterns with the aid of ink. Because the majority of flow enters the catheter's most proximal holes, blockages typically occur at this position, and unlike blockages at distal holes, occlusion of proximal holes results in complete catheter failure. Given this finding, new designs that incorporated varying hole pattern distributions and size dimensions of the ventricular catheter were conceived and tested using two models. These changes in the geometrical features significantly changed the entering mass flow rate distribution. In conclusion, new designs in proximal ventricular catheters with variable hole diameters along the catheter tip allowed fluid to enter the catheter more uniformly along its length, thereby reducing the probability of its becoming occluded. PMID:12924722

Lin, Julian; Morris, Martin; Olivero, William; Boop, Frederick; Sanford, Robert A

2003-08-01

290

Some life lessons in the work place: personal narrative/case study.  

PubMed

Michael Schwartz, a lawyer deaf since birth, describes his journey as a professional for the last 32 years since his graduation from NYU School of Law in 1981. He offers a case study of his experiences with accommodations on the job as required by federal and state law. The study includes specific examples of what worked and what did not work for a deaf lawyer like him working at his craft. Schwartz wraps up with the lessons he learned over the last three decades as we moved from the model of non-compliance to that of compliance, even beyond compliance, with the mandates of law in the employment context. PMID:24284683

Schwartz, Michael A

2014-01-01

291

Research Excellence Framework: Impact pilot exercise Example case studies from Social Work and Social Policy  

E-print Network

1 Research Excellence Framework: Impact pilot exercise Example case studies from Social Work and Social Policy November 2010 Introduction 1. This document provides some examples of case studies the highest-scoring case studies submitted to the pilot, to show a range of types of impacts that were

Crowther, Paul

292

Blood cell origin of circulating microRNAs: a cautionary note for cancer biomarker studies.  

PubMed

Circulating, cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) hold great promise as a new class of cancer biomarkers due to their surprisingly high stability in plasma, association with disease states, and ease of sensitive measurement. Yet little is known about the origin of circulating miRNAs in either healthy or sick people or what factors influence levels of circulating miRNA biomarkers. Of 79 solid tumor circulating miRNA biomarkers reported in the literature, we found that 58% (46 of 79) are highly expressed in one or more blood cell type. Plasma levels of miRNA biomarkers expressed by myeloid (e.g., miR-223, miR-197, miR-574-3p, and let-7a) and lymphoid (e.g., miR-150) blood cells tightly correlated with corresponding white blood cell counts. Plasma miRNA biomarkers expressed by red blood cells (e.g., miR-486-5p, miR-451, miR-92a, and miR-16) could not be correlated to red cell counts due to limited variation in hematocrit in the cohort studied but were significantly increased in hemolyzed specimens (20- to 30-fold plasma increase; P < 0.0000001). Finally, in a patient undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation, plasma levels of myeloid- and lymphoid-expressed miRNAs (miR-223 and miR-150, respectively) tracked closely with changes in corresponding blood counts. We present evidence that blood cells are a major contributor to circulating miRNA and that perturbations in blood cell counts and hemolysis can alter plasma miRNA biomarker levels by up to 50-fold. Given that a majority of reported circulating miRNA cancer biomarkers are highly expressed in blood cells, we suggest caution in interpretation of such results as they may reflect a blood cell-based phenomenon rather than a cancer-specific origin. PMID:22158052

Pritchard, Colin C; Kroh, Evan; Wood, Brent; Arroyo, Jason D; Dougherty, Katy J; Miyaji, Melanie M; Tait, Jonathan F; Tewari, Muneesh

2012-03-01

293

Blood cell origin of circulating microRNAs: a cautionary note for cancer biomarker studies  

PubMed Central

Circulating, cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) hold great promise as a new class of cancer biomarkers due to their surprisingly high stability in plasma, association with disease states, and ease of sensitive measurement. Yet little is known about the origin of circulating miRNAs in either healthy or sick people, or what factors influence levels of circulating miRNA biomarkers. Of 79 solid tumor circulating miRNA biomarkers reported in the literature, we found that fifty-eight percent (47/79) are highly expressed in one or more blood cell type. Plasma levels of miRNA biomarkers expressed by myeloid (e.g., miR-223, miR-197, miR-574-3p, let-7a) and lymphoid (e.g., miR-150) blood cells tightly correlated with corresponding white blood cell counts. Plasma miRNA biomarkers expressed by red blood cells (e.g., miR-486-5p, miR-451, miR-92a, miR-16) could not be correlated to red cell counts due to limited variation in hematocrit in the cohort studied, but were significantly increased in hemolyzed specimens (20-30 fold plasma increase; p<0.0000001). Finally, in a patient undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation, plasma levels of myeloid- and lymphoid-expressed miRNAs (miR-223 and miR-150, respectively) tracked closely with changes in corresponding blood counts. We present evidence that blood cells are a major contributor to circulating miRNA, and that perturbations in blood cell counts and hemolysis can alter plasma miRNA biomarker levels by up to 50-fold. Given that a majority of reported circulating miRNA cancer biomarkers are highly expressed in blood cells, we suggest caution in interpretation of such results as they may reflect a blood cell-based phenomenon rather than a cancer-specific origin. PMID:22158052

Wood, Brent; Arroyo, Jason D.; Dougherty, Katy J.; Miyaji, Melanie M.; Tait, Jonathan F.; Tewari, Muneesh

2014-01-01

294

Stress situations of daily living in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a retrospective case note study.  

PubMed

About 40% of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are said to have treatment-refractory symptoms and chronic course of illness in spite of cognitive-behavior therapy and pharmacotherapy. The present purpose was to investigate factors relevant to OCD patients' chronic course and disturbed daily functions in view of human basic needs based on Maslow's hierarchy of five basic needs. Case notes of 101 outpatients with OCD (47 men and 54 women who were 18 to 55 years old) and seen on a psychiatry unit of a general hospital were studied to explore their stressful situations and identify thwarted basic needs. 84 of the 101 patients had Love Needs, and Esteem Needs (n = 47) and Safety Needs (n = 45) were next. The Poor-functioning group mainly had histories with problems of Safety Needs (70.8%), while the Good-functioning group tended to mainly have problems of Esteem Needs (51.5%) rather than Safety Needs (33.3%). 57 patients (23 men and 34 women) who were treated for more than three months were divided into two groups according to their Global Assessment of Functioning score at the final assessment (cut-off point: 61); patients in the Good-functioning group tended to have problems of higher needs. PMID:15077758

Tarumi, Shin; Tashiiro, Nobutada

2004-02-01

295

Style Guide for Creating Works Cited Lists Works Cited General Guidelines  

E-print Network

Style Guide for Creating Works Cited Lists Works Cited General Guidelines: · References are cited., and O. M. Brack. Samuel Johnson's Early Biographers. Iowa City: U of Iowa P, 1971. Print. Note: Give's Garden." Australian Literary Studies 22.4 (2006): 482-504. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 16 Mar. 2007

Hochberg, Michael

296

Night work and breast cancer risk in a general population prospective cohort study in The Netherlands.  

PubMed

Experimental studies in animals indicate that disruption of the circadian rhythm is carcinogenic, and night work has been suggested to be a probable breast cancer cause in humans. Findings among humans, however are inconsistent, often gathered with retrospective study designs, and only based on specific populations, such as nurses. We used data on night work collected in the Dutch Labor Force Surveys of 1996 until 2009, and individually linked these with National registers on hospital admission. Among 285,723 women without breast cancer at baseline, 2,531 had a hospital admission for breast cancer during an average of 7 years of follow up in the registers. Occasional and regular night work were not associated with the risk of hospital admission for breast cancer (adjusted hazard ratios 1.04; 95 % confidence interval 0.85-1.27, and 0.87; 0.72-1.05, respectively). Working more hours per week, or more years in a job entailing night work did not show increased breast cancer risks. Hazard ratios neither differed between nurses and women with other occupations. Our results show no association of night work with incident breast cancer, and suggest that night work generally does not increase the risk of breast cancer among women in the Dutch working population. PMID:25012051

Koppes, Lando L J; Geuskens, Goedele A; Pronk, Anjoeka; Vermeulen, Roel C H; de Vroome, Ernest M M

2014-08-01

297

Notes on Linguistics, 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the four issues of "Notes on Linguistics" published during 1990. Articles in the four issues include: "The Indians Do Say Ugh-Ugh" (Howard W. Law); "Constraints of Relevance, A Key to Particle Typology" (Regina Blass); "Whatever Happened to Me? (An Objective Case Study)" (Aretta Loving); "Stop Me and Buy One (For $5...)"…

Notes on Linguistics, 1990

1990-01-01

298

Extension Note Forest Research  

E-print Network

Results at the Holberg Study Site by Mary-Jane Douglas and Kevin R. Brown KEYWORDS: HoeSite.Research Section,CoastForest Region,MFR,Nanaimo, BC. Extension Note EN-026. CONTACTS: ·Mary-Jane Douglas, MSc, PAg-forwarding,soil disturbance, site productivity, forest management. CITATION: Douglas, M.J. and K.R. Brown. 2009. Soil

299

Extension Note Forest Research  

E-print Network

Results at the Woss Study Site by Mary-Jane Douglas and Kevin R. Brown KEYWORDS: HoeSite.Research Section,CoastForest Region,MFR,Nanaimo, BC. Extension Note EN-027. CONTACTS: ·Mary-Jane Douglas, MSc, PAg-forwarding,soil disturbance, site productivity, forest management. CITATION: Douglas, M.J. and K.R. Brown. 2009. Soil

300

Nuer Field Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The complicated process of creating meaningful field notes is a problem that vexes many scholars who rely on these important primary documents, including anthropologists, geographers, and sociologists. Currently, there aren't many websites that feature digital archives of fieldnotes, but this joint project undertaken by Indiana University and the University of Michigan is one step in the right direction. The essential goal of the project is to make the linguistic field notes recorded by Eleanor Vandevort (a missionary and researcher) in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963 available on the web. The digital archive succeeds mightily, as it includes the linguistic field notes, and also photographs from her work there, various letters from the field, and a biographical sketch of her work there in the South Sudan. Along with these materials, visitors can read Vandevort's book about her time in Africa, titled _A Leopard Tamed_ and some fine essays on the history of colonial and missionary linguistics in the Sudan by Edward Miner.

301

Finding a Balance: Fifteen Institutional Case Studies on the Relationship between Part-Time Work and Advanced Level Study. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents and discusses case studies that examined the relationship between part-time employment and advanced level study at 15 schools in Essex, England. "Foreword" (David Jones) provides a brief overview of the project. "Finding a Balance--Fifteen Institutional Case Studies on the Relationship between Part-time Work and Advanced…

Hodgson, Ann, Ed.; Spours, Ken, Ed.

302

Korean working mothers' parenting style in Korea and in the United STates: a qualitative comparative study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore the similarities and differences of cultural influences on the parenting styles of Korean working mothers who live in South Korea versus Korean American working mothers living in the U.S. Four major themes were identified: (a) expression of affection for children, (b) parental control, (c) feelings for children, and (d) feelings for themselves. The findings indicate that acculturation to the American culture affected the Korean American working mothers to grant higher self-regulation to their children and to have more positive feelings for their children and themselves. PMID:24855813

Im, Hyesang; Kim, Eunjung; Sung, Kyungsuk

2014-01-01

303

Visual working memory for simple and complex features: An fMRI study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visual working memory (VWM) allows us to hold visual information briefly in our minds after its disappearance. It is important for bridging the present to the immediate past. Previous neuroscience studies on VWM have shown that several parietal, frontal, and occipitotemporal brain regions subserve this function. Those studies, however, have often focused on VWM for a single property, such as

Joo-Hyun Song; Yuhong Jiang

2006-01-01

304

Liberal Studies in Hong Kong: A New Perspective on Critical Thinking through Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports research that is contextualised within reforms of secondary education in Hong Kong and the reintroduction of Liberal Studies, which jointly emphasise the need for a learning environment that facilitates the practice of group work and the development of critical thinking. A study is described that explores the relevance of…

Fung, Dennis; Howe, Christine

2012-01-01

305

The Nature and Requirements of Work in University-Based Telehealth Units: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Telehealth units are one of many university administrative units created to foster innovation in universities over the last 40 years. Despite the proliferation of such units, few organizational studies have examined the work undertaken inside of these units. This qualitative study used a sequential two-part research design to understand the…

Seale, Deborah E.

2013-01-01

306

Engagement in Work: Case Study of Four Schools in Suffolk County, New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was a qualitative case study on engagement in work in four schools in Suffolk County, New York. The purpose of this researcher was to investigate how school systems and educators engage students and adults in 21st Century education. The levels of engagement were examined using patterns of instruction, organization, governance, and…

Fox, Sean Bayles

2013-01-01

307

CANDIDATE WORK SAMPLE 2 PART 2 PE Social Studies-Curriculum and Content  

E-print Network

CANDIDATE WORK SAMPLE 2 PART 2 PE Social Studies-Curriculum and Content Social Studies Standards CA and educational assessments responsive to the full range of individuals social, linguistic, cultural and ethnic range of individuals - social, linguistic, cultural and ethnic diversity and/or physical and learning

Ravikumar, B.

308

On the study of phonological working memory: A specific relative weakness in children with Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not all children acquire language easily and well. The study of language disorders in children represents an attempt at applying the findings on normal language acquisition to solve a practical problem in children experiencing difficulty in both learning and using language. This study was aimed at investigating the phonological working memory, known as the most significant aspect of speech perception

Jila Naeini

309

A Meta-Analysis of Published School Social Work Practice Studies: 1980-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This systematic review examined the effectiveness of school social work practices using meta-analytic techniques. Method: Hierarchical linear modeling software was used to calculate overall effect size estimates as well as test for between-study variability. Results: A total of 21 studies were included in the final analysis.…

Franklin, Cynthia; Kim, Johnny S.; Tripodi, Stephen J.

2009-01-01

310

Which Type of Work-Study Experience Is More Beneficial?: Perceptions of Taiwanese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid increase of tuition and the reduced financial support from government and families have forced many more students to take part-time jobs, however, different jobs might bear different benefits. The main purposes of this study were to identify the major benefits of part-time jobs or work-study experiences performed by college students, and…

Yang, Cheng Cheng; Ho, Hsuan-Fu; Chen, Shan-Hua

2013-01-01

311

The Role of the Directorate of Studies in the Legislative Work of the Hellenic Parliament.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of the Directorate of Studies in the legislative work of the Hellenic Parliament (Greece). The first section describes the establishment and organization of the Directorate of Studies, which consists of three departments: the department for the elaboration of bills and law proposals, the department for parliamentary…

Vassilouni, Stavroula

312

The Role of Professional School Counselors in Working with Students in Gangs: A Grounded Theory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to propose a grounded theory that contributed to the understanding of the professional school counselor's role at the secondary school level in working with students in gangs. The study explored the role of the professional school counselor from the first person perspective of the professional school counselor and…

Barrow, Jennifer Cahoon

2011-01-01

313

Long Working Hours and Subsequent Use of Psychotropic Medicine: A Study Protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Mental ill health is the most frequent cause of long-term sickness absence and disability retirement in Denmark. Some instances of mental ill health might be due to long working hours. A recent large cross-sectional study of a general working population in Norway found that not only “very much overtime”, but also “moderate overtime” (41-48 work hours/week) was significantly associated with increased levels of both anxiety and depression. These findings have not been sufficiently confirmed in longitudinal studies. Objective The objective of the study is to give a detailed plan for a research project aimed at investigating the possibility of a prospective association between weekly working hours and use of psychotropic medicine in the general working population of Denmark. Methods People from the general working population of Denmark have been surveyed, at various occasions in the time period 1995-2010, and interviewed about their work environment. The present study will link interview data from these surveys to national registers covering all inhabitants of Denmark. The participants will be followed for the first occurrence of redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medicine. Poisson regression will be used to analyze incidence rates as a function of weekly working hours (32-40; 41-48; > 48 hours/week). The analyses will be controlled for gender, age, sample, shift work, and socioeconomic status. According to our feasibility studies, the statistical power is sufficient and the exposure is stable enough to make the study worth the while. Results The publication of the present study protocol ends the design phase of the project. In the next phase, the questionnaire data will be forwarded to Statistics Denmark where they will be linked to data on deaths, migrations, socioeconomic status, and redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medication. We expect the analysis to be completed by the end of 2014 and the results to be published mid 2015. Conclusions The proposed project will be free from hindsight bias, since all hypotheses and statistical models are completely defined, peer-reviewed, and published before we link the exposure data to the outcome data. The results of the project will indicate to what extent and in what direction the national burden of mental ill health in Denmark has been influenced by long working hours. PMID:25239125

Albertsen, Karen

2014-01-01

314

Prolonged high-altitude residence impacts verbal working memory: an fMRI study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oxygen is critical to normal brain functioning and development. In high altitude where the oxygen concentration and pressure\\u000a are very low, human cognitive capability such as working memory has been found to be jeopardized. Such effect might persist\\u000a with long-term high-altitude residence. The current study investigated the verbal working memory of 28 high-altitude residents\\u000a with blood level oxygen dependent (BOLD)

Xiaodan Yan; Jiaxing Zhang; Qiyong Gong; Xuchu Weng

2011-01-01

315

A participant observer study of a ‘rough’ working-class pub  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes a three-month participant as observer study of a ‘rough’ working-class pub — a type different from the ‘respectable’ working class and ‘posh’ middle class pubs. Patterns of usage and users are explored and the role style and social-control strategies of the publican are reported. Finally some general issues are posed for further research in relation to the

Michael A. Smith

1985-01-01

316

A Study on the Transition from School to the World of Work in Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school-to-work transition in Korea was examined in a comprehensive study that included an overview of the realities of the school-to-work transition in Korea and a survey of 694 Koreans aged 15-29 years who had completed high school. The sample included 366 respondents who were in enrolled in a two-year college or higher level of postsecondary…

Chang, Wonsup

317

Edgley, Education and Work: A Critical Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes Marxist author (Professor Edgley) for inconsistencies in his writings on the contribution of schooling to society. Edgley's failure to distinguish between the terms education and schooling leads to confusion. Also, his argument that failure in school leads students into manual labor is an overgeneralization. (KC)

Wesson, Anthony J.

1982-01-01

318

The work compatibility improvement framework: preliminary findings of a case study for defining and measuring the human-at-work system.  

PubMed

Although researchers traditionally examined the 'risk' characteristics of work settings in health studies, few work models, such as the 'demand-control' and 'motivation-hygiene theory', advocated the study of the positive and the negative aspects of work for the ultimate improvement of work performance. The objectives of the current study were: (a) to examine the positive and negative characteristics of work in the machining department in a small manufacturing plant in the Midwest USA, and, (b) to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal and stress outcomes. A focus group consisting of worker experts from the different job categories in the machining department confirmed the management's concerns. Accordingly, 56 male and female workers, employed in three shifts, were surveyed on the demand/energizer profiles of work characteristics and self-reported musculoskeletal/stress symptoms. On average, one-fourth to one-third of the workers reported 'high' demand, and over 50% of the workers documented 'low' energizers for certain work domains/sub-domains, such as 'physical task content'/'organizational' work domains and 'upper body postural loading'/'time organization' work sub-domains. The prevalence of workers who reported 'high' musculoskeletal/stress disorder cases, was in the range of 25-35% and was consistent with the results of 'high' demands and 'low' energizers. The results of this case study confirm the importance of adopting a comprehensive view for work improvement and sustainable growth opportunities. It is paramount to consider the negative and positive aspects of work characteristics to ensure optimum organizational performance. The Work Compatibility Improvement Framework, proposed in the reported research, is an important endeavor toward the ultimate improvement and sustainable growth of human and organizational performance. PMID:17972202

Genaidy, A; Karwowski, W; A-Rehim, A

2007-11-01

319

Work plan addendum for the remedial investigation and feasibility study of the Salmon Site  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended as an addendum to the Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Work Plan for the Salmon Site (SS) (formerly the Tatum Dome Test Site) Lamar County, Mississippi. The original work plan - Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study of the Tatum Dome Test Site, Lamar County, Mississippi (herein after called the Work Plan) was approved by the state of Mississippi in 1992 and was intended as the operative document for investigative activities at the Tatum Dome Test Site. Subsequent to the approval of the document a series of activities were undertaken under the auspices of the work plan. This document is organized in the same manner as the original work plan: (1) Introduction; (2) Site Background and History; (3) Initial Evaluation; (4) Data Quality Objectives; (5) RI/FS Tasks; (6) Project Schedule; (7) Project Management; and (8) Reference. This addendum will identify changes to the original work plan that are necessary because of additional information acquired at the SS. This document is not intended to replace the work plan, rather, it is intended to focus the remaining work in the context of additional site knowledge gained since the development of the original work plan. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a focused and phased site characterization as a part, of the RI/FS. The RI/FS is the methodology under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) for evaluating hazardous waste sites on the National Priorities List (NPL). The SS is not listed on the NPL, but DOE has voluntarily elected to conduct the evaluation of the SS in accordance with CERCLA.

NONE

1995-11-01

320

Project Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed and described are student A-level biology projects in the following areas: Angiosperm studies (e.g., factors affecting growth of various plants), 7; Bacterial studies, 1; Insect studies, 2; Fish studies, 1; Mammal studies, 1; Human studies, 1; Synecology studies, 2; Environmental studies, 2; and Enzyme studies, 1. (CS)

School Science Review, 1977

1977-01-01

321

A nested case-control study of fatal work related injuries among Brazilian steel workers.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the relative risk of death from work related injury in a steelworks, associated with exposure to various occupational hazards, sociodemographic factors, and medical history. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a nested case-control design. It was based on a cohort of men employed in the steel plant of USIMINAS, Brazil between January 1977 and August 1990, who were followed up to November 1992. The cases were defined as all workers in the cohort who died from injury in the study period and whose death had been notified to the Brazilian Ministry of Labour as being related to work. Four controls per case, matched to cases on year of birth, were randomly selected from among workers employed in the plant at the time of death of the matching case. Data on potential risk factors for occupational injury were extracted from company records; for the controls these data were abstracted for the period preceding the death of the matching case. RESULTS: There were 37 deaths related to work injuries during the study period. Four surviving workers were selected as controls for each case, but for eight the personnel records were incomplete, leaving 140 controls in all. Significantly increased risk of fatal injury related to work was associated with exposure to noise, heat, dust and fumes, gases and vapours, rotating shift work, being a manual worker, and working in the steel mill, coke ovens, blast furnaces, and energy and water supply areas. Risk of fatal injury related to work increased with intensity of exposure to noise (P (trend) = 0.004) and heat (P < 0.001), and increased greatly with a hazard score that combined information on noise, heat, dust, and gas exposure (P < 0.001). Number of years of schooling (P = 0.03) and salary level (P = 0.03) were both negatively associated with risk. In a multivariate analysis including all these significant factors, only hazard score and area of work remained associated with death from injury related to work. The highest risks were for men exposed to all four environmental hazards (odds ratio (OR) 19.4; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.1 to 352.1) and those working in the energy supply area (OR 18.0; 1.6 to 198.1). CONCLUSIONS: The study identified parts of the steelworks and types of hazard associated with greatly increased risk of fatal accident. Research and measures to prevent accidents need to concentrate on these areas and the people working in them. The use of a hazard score was successful in identifying high risk, and similar scoring might prove useful in other industrial situations. PMID:9326164

Barreto, S M; Swerdlow, A J; Smith, P G; Higgins, C D

1997-01-01

322

Predicting long-term absenteeism from work in construction industry: a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

In this study we examine whether the Work Ability Index (WAI) has additional value in predicting long-term absenteeism in construction industry. Results of the study show that the WAI has additional value in predicting absenteeism, but that the amount of explained variance is low. This is partly due to the definition of absenteeism in The Netherlands, where this study took place. PMID:22317294

Hoonakker, Peter; van Duivenbooden, Cor

2012-01-01

323

Work values and job satisfaction: a qualitative study of Iranian nurses.  

PubMed

This study aimed to describe the effect of nursing profession work-related values on job satisfaction among a sample of Iranian nurses. We used in-depth interviews with 30 nurses who worked in university-affiliated and public hospitals in Tehran, Iran. The results of thematic analysis of interviews are reported in four themes to present the participants' articulations in linking their work-related values to job satisfaction. The themes consist of values that "encourage tolerance," "enhance inner harmony," "reflect traditional commitment," "enhance unity," and are "centered around altruism and spiritual values." The most satisfied participants considered nursing a divine profession and a tool by which they could gain spiritual pleasure and satisfaction. Our findings highlight the potential role of nursing work-related values in reducing dissatisfaction with one's job. For the nursing profession, this may have implications in reducing job instability and turnover. PMID:23232792

Ravari, Ali; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Ebadi, Abbas; Mirzaei, Tayebeh; Oshvandi, Khodayar

2013-06-01

324

Incorporating ecological risk assessment into remedial investigation/feasibility study work plans  

SciTech Connect

This guidance document (1) provides instructions on preparing the components of an ecological work plan to complement the overall site remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) work plan and (2) directs the user on how to implement ecological tasks identified in the plan. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), and RI/FS work plan will have to be developed as part of the site-remediation scoping process. Specific guidance on the RI/FS process and the preparation of work plans has been developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988a). This document provides guidance to US Department of Energy (DOE) staff and contractor personnel for incorporation of ecological information into environmental remediation planning and decision making at CERCLA sites.

Not Available

1994-06-01

325

Referrals to an Intellectual Disability Psychotherapy Service in an Inner City Catchment Area--A Retrospective Case Notes Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aims were to identify referral characteristics and outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities referred to a psychodynamic psychotherapy service. Materials and Methods: A retrospective case notes review of anonymized data relating to 100 sequential patient episodes. Results: A total of 81 people out of 100 with a range of…

Parkes, Geosrgina; Mukherjee, Raja A. S.; Karagianni, Efthalia; Attavar, Rajnish; Sinason, Valerie; Hollins, Sheila

2007-01-01

326

Contexts of diffusion: Adoption of research synthesis in Social Work and Women's Studies  

E-print Network

Texts reveal the subjects of interest in research fields, and the values, beliefs, and practices of researchers. In this study, texts are examined through bibliometric mapping and topic modeling to provide a birds eye view of the social dynamics associated with the diffusion of research synthesis methods in the contexts of Social Work and Women's Studies. Research synthesis texts are especially revealing because the methods, which include meta-analysis and systematic review, are reliant on the availability of past research and data, sometimes idealized as objective, egalitarian approaches to research evaluation, fundamentally tied to past research practices, and performed with the goal informing future research and practice. This study highlights the co-influence of past and subsequent research within research fields; illustrates dynamics of the diffusion process; and provides insight into the cultural contexts of research in Social Work and Women's Studies. This study suggests the potential to further develo...

Sheble, Laura

2014-01-01

327

Where, When and What? A Time Study of Surgeons' Work in Urology  

PubMed Central

Introduction Staff time is a relevant resource in the delivery of health care interventions. Its measurement is a prerequisite for unit costing but usually complex. The aim of this study was to analyse the distribution of surgeons' work time among types and places of activities. A second aim was to use these data to calculate costs per unit of output. Methods A self-reporting work sampling study was carried out at a department of Urology. All of twelve surgeons involved in clinical care participated in a two-week analysis of their work time. Results A total of 2,485 data-points were collected, representing about 1,242 hours of work time. Surgeons spent the greater part of their work time in direct patient care, but substantial shares were required for documentation and organisation. Assistants were mainly required at the wards and consultants at the operating theatre and the outpatient unit. Staff costs of surgeons were 32 € and 29 € per patient day at the wards, respectively, 1.30 € per minute at the operating theatre and 32 € per visit at the outpatient unit. Conclusion Results provided a basis for costing of health care interventions at the study site. However, future research should focus on the establishment of standardised terminology in order to increase transferability of results. PMID:24664214

Wolff, Jan; McCrone, Paul; Auber, Gerd; Fiedler, Petra; Patel, Anita; Wetterauer, Ulrich

2014-01-01

328

[The socioeconomic and demographic characterization of children and adolescents who study and work outside their home].  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to identify the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of children and adolescents who study and work outside their home. This non-experimental, correlational, cross-sectional study was performed using questionnaires applied to primary education students, enrolled in public schools in Ribeirão Preto (Brazil). Two schools were selected through a draw. Data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 14.0. Of the 133 students who answered the questionnaire, 36 (27.7%) reported working outside their home, 20.6% were between 11 and 13 years of age, and 66.7% were male (p=0.000) and had started working early to help with the family income (p=0.003). The salary they received helped comprise the family income, and it was found that as the family income increased, the need for the youngsters to work was reduced. It was found that many factors contribute to these subjects' early start at work, including family size, structure and poverty. PMID:22576529

Silveira, Renata Cristina da Penha; Ribeiro, Luiz Cláudio; Secco, Iara Aparecida de Oliveira; Robazzi, Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz

2012-04-01

329

Technical note: A pilot study using a mouse mastitis model to study differences between bovine associated coagulase-negative staphylococci.  

PubMed

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are a group of bacteria classified as either minor mastitis pathogens or commensal microbiota. Recent research suggests species- and even strain-related epidemiological and genetic differences within the large CNS group. The current pilot study investigated in 2 experiments whether a mouse mastitis model validated for bovine Staphylococcus aureus can be used to explore further differences between CNS species and strains. In a first dose titration experiment, a low inoculum dose of S. aureus Newbould 305 (positive control) was compared with increasing inoculum doses of a Staphylococcus chromogenes strain originating from a chronic bovine intramammary infection to a sham-inoculated mammary glands (negative control). In contrast to the high bacterial growth following inoculation with S. aureus, S. chromogenes was retrieved in very low levels at 24 h postinduction (p.i.). In a second experiment, the inflammation inflicted by 3 CNS strains was studied in mice. The host immune response induced by the S. chromogenes intramammary strain was compared with the one induced by a Staphylococcus fleurettii strain originating from cow bedding sawdust and by a S. chromogenes strain originating from a teat apex of a heifer. As expected, at 28 and 48 h p.i., low bacterial growth and local neutrophil influx in the mammary gland were induced by all CNS strains. As hypothesized, bacterial growth p.i. was the lowest for S. fleurettii compared with that induced by the 2 S. chromogenes strains, and the overall immune response established by the 3 CNS strains was less pronounced compared with the one induced by S. aureus. Proinflammatory cytokine profiling revealed that S. aureus locally induced IL-6 and IL-1? but not TNF-?, whereas, overall, CNS-inoculated glands lacked a strong cytokine host response but also induced IL-1? locally. Compared with both other CNS strains, S. chromogenes from the teat apex inflicted a more variable IL-1? response characterized by a more intense local reaction in several mice. This pilot study suggests that an intraductal mouse model can mimic bovine CNS mastitis and has potential as a complementary in vivo tool for future CNS mastitis research. Furthermore, it indicates that epidemiologically different bovine CNS species or strains induce a differential host innate immune response in the murine mammary gland. PMID:25497801

Breyne, K; De Vliegher, S; De Visscher, A; Piepers, S; Meyer, E

2015-02-01

330

PIMEX--an instructive way to study vibration exposure and work posture.  

PubMed

The PIMEX-method (PIcture-Mix-EXposure) involves measurement of exposure with a direct-reading instrument. The signal from the instrument is superimposed to the recording from a video camera to produce a video film which continuously shows the subject at work and how exposure varies. Application can be a physical factor such as vibration. We used this new method to study vibrations from hand held grinders. Using Brüel and Kjaer miniaturized accelerometer 4374 and vibration meter 2513 we measured vibrations at the grinders main and support handles. We studied different grinders at work on the metal surface as well as at idle speed. Workers posture such as arms in under-up position was evaluated. The PIMEX-method has been encouraging to show correlation between vibration exposure, work technique and different grinders. PMID:9150994

Hjortsberg, U; Karlsson, J E

1995-01-01

331

"I Am-We Are": Personal and Social Pathways to Further Study, Work and Family Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project explores the apparent layers in motivation for young people's plans in order to extend Pathways Theory. We bring together personal, relational and group motivation to explain the planned pathways to study, work and family life. Location was an Australian town, close to the national socio-economic average, to control broad social…

Bornholt, L. J.; Maras, P. M.; Robinson, R. A.

2009-01-01

332

Work factors and smoking cessation in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking in nursing personnel remains high. The aim of this study was to identify work factors that predict smoking cessation among nurses' aides. METHODS: Of 2720 randomly selected, Norwegian nurses' aides, who were smoking at least one cigarette per day when they completed a questionnaire in 1999, 2275 (83.6 %) completed a second questionnaire 15 months

Willy Eriksen

2005-01-01

333

HR professionals' views on work motivation and retention of older workers: a focus group study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to explore the views of human resource (HR) professionals on work motivation and retention of older workers. Furthermore, it seeks to generate qualitative data to inspire measures for future survey research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study adopts a qualitative approach, using focus groups. A total of 15 participants were purposefully selected from different organisational settings (e.g.

Rita Claes; Mieke Heymans

2008-01-01

334

The Working Postures among Schoolchildren--Controlled Intervention Study on the Effects of Newly Designed Workstations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School workstations are often inappropriate in not offering an optimal sitting posture. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individually adjustable saddle-type chairs with wheels and desks with comfort curve and arm support on schoolchildren's working postures compared to conventional workstations. Methods:…

Saarni, Lea; Nygrd, Clas-H kan; Rimpel, Arja; Nummi, Tapio; Kaukiainen, Anneli

2007-01-01

335

Work Experiences of People with Mental Illness in Malaysia: A Preliminary Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a preliminary qualitative study, using a basic interpretive approach, to investigate the work experiences of people with mental illness in Malaysia. Six females and four males (aged 30-70) from a residential home for the mentally ill participated in semi-structured interviews. Three inter-relating themes emerged, namely the experience of…

Boo, Su-Lyn; Loong, Jaymee; Ng, Wai-Sheng

2011-01-01

336

NEW WORK AND STUDY OPPORTUNITIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE Climate System Analysis Group (CSAG)  

E-print Network

with ongoing programs on developing and applying global and regional climate models, in particular to supportNEW WORK AND STUDY OPPORTUNITIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE Climate System Analysis Group (CSAG) University. - Postdoc: Climate modeling - Postdoc: Climate change information communication and dissemination - Research

Cohen, Ronald C.

337

Instructor Immediacy Strategies to Facilitate Group Work in Online Graduate Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of online graduate study programs require students to participate in collaborative work projects. And yet, educational research examining instructional strategies that facilitate learning in small groups online is limited. This article describes findings from a qualitative research project that investigated instructor…

Melrose, Sherri; Bergeron, Kim

2007-01-01

338

Review of Study Programme Renewal in Lithuania: Planning Students' Independent Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article introduces external quality assessment results of first cycle and second cycle study programmes renewed under the Human Resources Development Action Programme 2007-2013 priority direction 2 "Lifelong Learning" (hereinafter the "Programme") through the aspect of planning students' independent work. Problems…

Zibeniene, Gintaute

2013-01-01

339

Whole World Handbook. A Student Guide to Work, Study and Travel Abroad. 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1978-79 student guide to work, study, and travel abroad contains chapters on the following areas: Western Europe; the U.S.S.R. and Eastern Europe; the Middle East and North Africa; Africa south of the Sahara; South Asia (India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Pakistan); East Asia; Southeast Asia; Australia and New Zealand; Latin America and…

Cohen, Marjorie Adoff

340

Working Memory, Attention, and Mathematical Problem Solving: A Longitudinal Study of Elementary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of working memory (WM) in children's growth in mathematical problem solving was examined in a longitudinal study of children (N = 127). A battery of tests was administered that assessed problem solving, achievement, WM, and cognitive processing (inhibition, speed, phonological coding) in Grade 1 children, with follow-up testing in Grades…

Swanson, H. Lee

2011-01-01

341

Confirmatory Factor Analytical Study of the Revised Developmental Work Personality Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated psychometric properties of the Revised Developmental Work Personality Scale (RDWPS). Results yielded a 14-item three-factor model that aligns with the original DWPS and fits the data very well. RDWPS scores were useful in predicting the resolution of Erikson's fourth stage of development, indicating construct validity.…

Wong, Alex W. K.; O'Sullivan, Deirdre; Strauser, David R.

2012-01-01

342

Evolutionary engagement in an ongoing collaborative work process: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a case study in which experimental collabor- ationtechnologies were used for over two years in the real, ongoing work process of intellectual property management (IPM) at Xerox PARC. The technologies include LiveBoard- based meeting support tools, laptop notetaking tools, digital audio recording, and workstation tools to later access and replay the meeting activities. In cooperation with the IPM

Thomas P. Moran; Patrick Chiu; Steve R. Harrison; Gordon Kurtenbach; Scott L. Minneman; William van Melle

1996-01-01

343

Study of an interconnected flashing warning light system for work zone lane closures  

E-print Network

effectiveness in encouraging earlier lane-changing upstream of a lane closure compared to a standard lane closure. The studies simulated a work zone with a left lane closure. The following treatments in conjunction with an arrow panel were examined at two...

Finley, Melisa Dayle

1999-01-01

344

RIDL Working paper NBK/AEB A survey of user studies for digital libraries  

E-print Network

RIDL Working paper NBK/AEB 1 of 12 A survey of user studies for digital libraries Nick Bryan-Kinns & Ann Blandford July 2000 Introduction Digital libraries are on-line collections of heterogeneous of digital libraries in terms of interaction and its properties. Before drawing broader design implications

Blandford, Ann

345

Mayo Clinic study finds nutritional supplement works against some pancreatic cancer cells in mice  

Cancer.gov

The dietary supplement gamma-linolenic acid can inhibit the growth of a subset of pancreatic cancer cells and selectively promote cancer cell death in mice, a Mayo Clinic study has found. The supplement, a fatty acid also known as GLA, worked particularly well when combined with the chemotherapy drug gemcitabine, the researchers say.

346

Comparability work and the management of difference in research synthesis studies  

PubMed Central

The new imperative to be more methodologically inclusive has generated a burgeoning interest in synthesizing the findings of qualitative and quantitative studies, or mixed research synthesis. Yet, the very diversity seen to define the mixed research synthesis enterprise is also considered to defy it as it intensifies the problem of comparing the seemingly incomparable to enable the combination of the seemingly uncombinable. We propose here that the research synthesis enterprise, in general, and the mixed research synthesis enterprise, in particular, entail comparability work whereby reviewers impose similarity and difference on the studies to be reviewed. The very study diversity requiring management does not exist a priori but rather is itself an outcome of comparability work already done whereby judgments have been made about what constitutes methodological and topical diversity and uniformity. Conceiving the research synthesis process as defined by comparability work moves the backstage interpretive work of systematic review to center stage and, thereby, sets a new stage for addressing the methodological issues involved. These issues are explored by reference to the synthesis of empirical studies of antiretroviral adherence in HIV-positive women in the US. PMID:17029691

Sandelowski, Margarete; Voils, Corrine I.; Barroso, Julie

2008-01-01

347

State-Space Analysis of Working Memory in Schizophrenia: An FBIRN Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The neural correlates of "working memory" (WM) in schizophrenia (SZ) have been extensively studied using the multisite fMRI data acquired by the Functional Biomedical Informatics Research Network (fBIRN) consortium. Although univariate and multivariate analysis methods have been variously employed to localize brain responses under differing task…

Janoos, Firdaus; Brown, Gregory; Morocz, Istvan A.; Wells, William M., III

2013-01-01

348

EBSD study of purity effects during hot working in austenitic stainless steels  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technique of electron back scattering diffraction (EBSD) is considered as a powerful instrument for the study of the microstructural changes during hot forming processes and gives the possibility to present the information in different ways (OIM, misorientation diagram and pole figures). The present work is focused on the observation by EBSD of the microstructure evolution during deformation at high

M. El Wahabi; L. Gavard; J. M. Cabrera; J. M. Prado; F. Montheillet

2005-01-01

349

Postgraduate work?based learning programmes in English higher education: exploring case studies of organizational practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of the paper outlines and discusses the nature of work?based learning (WBL) and WBL programmes, and the overall direction of government strategy towards WBL programmes in Higher Education (HE) in England, with particular reference to postgraduate programmes, policy documents, and the WBL literature. Drawing upon case study research, the paper then presents an overview of the postgraduate

Paul Smith; David Preece

2009-01-01

350

A Study of Korean Working Mothers with Infants: Implications for Research and Social Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a broad range of variables that predict maternal self-efficacy with a sample of 92 Korean working mothers whose infants are cared for at non-maternal child care settings. In addition, differences between mothers of infants on welfare roll and their socioeconomic status (SES) counterparts (not on welfare)…

Seo, So-Jung

2006-01-01

351

Latino Outcome Studies in Social Work: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article is a review of outcome studies focusing on three social work fields of service--health, substance abuse, and mental health--in which Latinos were significantly represented in the sample and interventions developed to attend to cultural factors. Method: Data were collected from a search of several English language social…

Jani, Jayshree S.; Ortiz, Larry; Aranda, Maria P.

2009-01-01

352

Metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a working population: A retrospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) appear to cluster in individuals, possibly because of a single, underlying metabolic disorder. We describe the prevalence of metabolic risk factors for CVD in a young working population and the tendency for individuals with some risk factors to acquire additional factors. This was a retrospective three-year follow-up study of baseline CVD risk factors assessing

Barry Gumbiner; Elena M. Andresen; F. Terry Hearne; T. Erik Michaelson; Michael Bryson; Wayne M. Lednar; Roger Cass

1996-01-01

353

WWC Review of the Report "National Charter School Study: 2013." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reviewed here examined the effect of charter schools on annual student achievement growth in reading and math in 25 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City. The study primarily used data on students in grades 3-8, but additional elementary and high school grades were included for several states. The authors reported that…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

354

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10.5 (Leopard) and OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard). For help configuring previous OS X versions please see the Student Genius Corner.  

E-print Network

Wireless Printing Setup for Mac OS X* *Please note: These instructions will work on OS X 10 Genius Corner. Wireless printing is currently not available on OS X Lion 1 Information Technology on Print & Fax 4. Click + to add a printer. 5. The Add Printer window will appear #12;Wireless Printing

de Lijser, Peter

355

Which aspects of health differ between working and nonworking women with fibromyalgia? A cross-sectional study of work status and health  

PubMed Central

Background Women with fibromyalgia (FM) describe great difficulties in managing work. Reported work ability in women with FM varies from 34 to 77 percent in studies from different countries. Many factors are suggested to affect the ability to work in women with FM, including pain, fatigue, impaired physical capacity and activity limitations. However, it is difficult to define to which extent symptom severity can be compatible with work. The aim of this study was to investigate which aspects of health differ between working women with FM and nonworking women with FM. Methods A cross-sectional study of 129 women of working age with FM which included clinical assessment, structured interviews, questionnaires and performance-based tests. The women were categorized as working or nonworking. Aspects of health are presented according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Results Working women with FM presented better health than nonworking women with FM in ratings of body function (FIQ pain p?working women with FM than in nonworking women with FM (FIQ total, eight-item p?=?0.001 and SF-36 PCS p?working- and nonworking women in tests of physical capacity. FIQ pain was an independent explanatory factor for work in stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis (OR 0.95, CI 0.93- 0.98), p?Working women with FM reported better health than nonworking women with FM in terms of pain, fatigue, stiffness, depression, disease specific health status and physical aspects of quality of life, which represent body functions and overall health status. However, they were equally impaired in tests of physical capacity. Moderate pain levels were compatible with work, while severe pain appeared to compromise work. Fatigue was better tolerated, as women scoring severe levels of fatigue worked. PMID:23237146

2012-01-01

356

Heavy physical work under time pressure: the garbage collection service--a case study.  

PubMed

The increased generation of garbage has become a problem in large cities, with greater demand for collection services. The collector is subjected to high workload. This study describes the work in garbage collection service, highlighting the requirements of time, resulting in physical and psychosocial demands to collectors. Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA) - a method focused on the study of work in real situations was used. Initially, technical visits, global observations and unstructured interviews with different subjects of a garbage collection company were conducted. The following step of the systematic observations was accompanied by interviews conducted during the execution of tasks, inquiring about the actions taken, and also interviews about the actions, but conducted after the development of the tasks, photographic records and audiovisual recordings, of workers from two garbage collection teams. Contradictions between the prescribed work and activities (actual work) were identified, as well as the variability present in this process, and strategies adopted by these workers to regulate the workload. It was concluded that the insufficiency of means and the organizational structure of management ensue a situation where the collection process is maintained at the expense of hyper-requesting these workers, both physically and psychosocially. PMID:22316767

Camada, Ilza Mitsuko de Oliveira; Pataro, Silvana Maria Santos; Fernandes, Rita de Cássia Pereira

2012-01-01

357

Effects of prenatal marijuana on visuospatial working memory: An fMRI study in young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long lasting neurophysiological effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on visuospatial working memory were investigated in 18–22 year olds using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The participants are members of the Ottawa Prenatal Prospective Study (OPPS), a longitudinal study that provides a unique body of information collected from each participant over 20 years, including prenatal drug history, detailed cognitive\\/behavioral performance

Andra M. Smith; Peter A. Fried; Matthew J. Hogan; Ian Cameron

2006-01-01

358

Understanding resilience in same-sex parented families: the work, love, play study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While families headed by same-sex couples have achieved greater public visibility in recent years, there are still many challenges for these families in dealing with legal and community contexts that are not supportive of same-sex relationships. The Work, Love, Play study is a large longitudinal study of same-sex parents. It aims to investigate many facets of family life among

Jennifer J Power; Amaryll Perlesz; Margot J Schofield; Marian K Pitts; Rhonda Brown; Ruth McNair; Anna Barrett; Andrew Bickerdike

2010-01-01

359

Disentangling the effects of insomnia and night work on cardiovascular diseases: a study in nursing professionals.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are known to be associated with poor sleep quality in general populations, but they have not been consistently associated with specific work schedules. Studies of CVD generally do not simultaneously consider sleep and work schedules, but that approach could help to disentangle their effects. We investigated the association between insomnia and a self-reported physician diagnosis of CVD in day and night workers, considering all sleep episodes during nocturnal and diurnal sleep. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1307 female nursing professionals from 3 public hospitals, using baseline data from the "Health and Work in Nursing - a Cohort Study." Participants were divided into two groups: i) day workers with no previous experience in night shifts (n=281) and whose data on insomnia were related to nocturnal sleep and ii) those who worked exclusively at night (n=340) and had data on both nocturnal and diurnal sleep episodes, as they often sleep at daytime. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. Among day workers, insomnia complaints increased the odds of CVD 2.79-fold (95% CI=1.01-6.71) compared with workers who had no complaints. Among night workers, reports of insomnia during both nocturnal and diurnal sleep increased the odds of reported CVD 3.07-fold (95% CI=1.30-7.24). Workers with insomnia had similar probabilities of reporting CVD regardless of their work schedule, suggesting a relationship to insomnia and not to night work per se. The results also highlighted the importance of including evaluation of all sleep episodes (diurnal plus nocturnal sleep) for night workers. PMID:25424370

Silva-Costa, A; Griep, R H; Rotenberg, L

2015-02-01

360

Work-related lesions of the supraspinatus tendon: a case–control study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To examine the dose–response relationship between cumulative duration of work with highly elevated arms (work above shoulder\\u000a level) as well as of manual material handling and ruptures of the supraspinatus tendon in a population-based case–control\\u000a study.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  In 14 radiologic practices, we recruited 483 male patients aged 25–65 with radiographically confirmed partial (n = 385) or total (n = 98) supraspinatus tears associated with shoulder

Andreas Seidler; Ulrich Bolm-Audorff; Gabriela Petereit-Haack; Elke Ball; Magdalena Klupp; Noëlle Krauss; Gine Elsner

2011-01-01

361

34 CFR 692.80 - How does a State administer its community service work-study program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administer its community service work-study program? 692.80 Section 692.80...Administer Its Community Service Work-Study Program? § 692.80 How does a State administer its community service work-study program? When administering its...

2010-07-01

362

34 CFR 692.80 - How does a State administer its community service work-study program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...administer its community service work-study program? 692.80 Section 692.80...Administer Its Community Service Work-Study Program? § 692.80 How does a State administer its community service work-study program? When administering its...

2011-07-01

363

Working Length Determination of Root Canal of Young Permanent Tooth: An In vitro Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Determination of correct working length is one of the keys to success in endodontic therapy. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of various methods to determine working length of root canal. Materials and Methods: Tactile method was assessed using digital radiography and compared with electronic method using apex locator. A total sample of 30 single rooted young permanent teeth the (mandibular first premolars) with matured apices were selected for the study. Access cavity preparation was carried out. Working length was measured by tactile method using digital radiography and electronic method using apex locator with no 15 K file. Actual working length was established by grinding of cementum and dentine from the root apex and was observed under stereomicroscope. Data was collected and statistical analysis was carried out with the help of SPSS-15. Results: The results of this study showed that there was a significant difference between tactile method assessed by digital radiography and electronic method using apex locator. Conclusion: Apex locator was found to be more reliable and accurate when compared with the actual length. PMID:25221703

Diwanji, A; Rathore, AS; Arora, R; Dhar, V; Madhusudan, A; Doshi, J

2014-01-01

364

Working memory network plasticity after anterior temporal lobe resection: a longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging study  

PubMed Central

Working memory is a crucial cognitive function that is disrupted in temporal lobe epilepsy. It is unclear whether this impairment is a consequence of temporal lobe involvement in working memory processes or due to seizure spread to extratemporal eloquent cortex. Anterior temporal lobe resection controls seizures in 50–80% of patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy and the effect of surgery on working memory are poorly understood both at a behavioural and neural level. We investigated the impact of temporal lobe resection on the efficiency and functional anatomy of working memory networks. We studied 33 patients with unilateral medial temporal lobe epilepsy (16 left) before, 3 and 12 months after anterior temporal lobe resection. Fifteen healthy control subjects were also assessed in parallel. All subjects had neuropsychological testing and performed a visuospatial working memory functional magnetic resonance imaging paradigm on these three separate occasions. Changes in activation and deactivation patterns were modelled individually and compared between groups. Changes in task performance were included as regressors of interest to assess the efficiency of changes in the networks. Left and right temporal lobe epilepsy patients were impaired on preoperative measures of working memory compared to controls. Working memory performance did not decline following left or right temporal lobe resection, but improved at 3 and 12 months following left and, to a lesser extent, following right anterior temporal lobe resection. After left anterior temporal lobe resection, improved performance correlated with greater deactivation of the left hippocampal remnant and the contralateral right hippocampus. There was a failure of increased deactivation of the left hippocampal remnant at 3 months after left temporal lobe resection compared to control subjects, which had normalized 12 months after surgery. Following right anterior temporal lobe resection there was a progressive increase of activation in the right superior parietal lobe at 3 and 12 months after surgery. There was greater deactivation of the right hippocampal remnant compared to controls between 3 and 12 months after right anterior temporal lobe resection that was associated with lesser improvement in task performance. Working memory improved after anterior temporal lobe resection, particularly following left-sided resections. Postoperative working memory was reliant on the functional capacity of the hippocampal remnant and, following left resections, the functional reserve of the right hippocampus. These data suggest that working memory following temporal lobe resection is dependent on the engagement of the posterior medial temporal lobes and eloquent cortex. PMID:24691395

Stretton, Jason; Sidhu, Meneka K.; Winston, Gavin P.; Bartlett, Philippa; McEvoy, Andrew W.; Symms, Mark R.; Koepp, Matthias J.; Thompson, Pamela J.

2014-01-01

365

An Evaluation Study of Youth Participation in Youth Work: A Case Study in Southern Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper an evaluation study of a public programme financing a regional network of 157 youth centres in the South of Italy is presented. A theory-based evaluation model was adopted to explore the causal links between different types of participation experience. Evaluation questions focused on three main issues are: the perception of…

Morciano, Daniele; Scardigno, Anna Fausta; Manuti, Amelia; Pastore, Serafina

2014-01-01

366

Relations between Characteristics of Workplace Practices and Types of Informal Work-Related Learning: A Survey Study among Dutch Police  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some organizations seek to promote informal work-related learning to stimulate organizational performance. This study focuses on six types of work-related learning in relation to personal, relational, and work characteristics of the workplace practice. A survey was conducted to identify types and levels of work-related learning for executive Dutch…

Doornbos, Anja J.; Simons, Robert-Jan; Denessen, Eddie

2008-01-01

367

Do outcomes differ between work and non-work-related injury in a universal injury compensation system? Findings from the New Zealand Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study  

PubMed Central

Background Poorer recovery outcomes for workers injured in a work setting, as opposed to a non-work setting, are commonly attributed to differences in financial gain via entitlement to compensation by injury setting (ie. workers compensation schemes). To date, this attribution hasn’t been tested in a situation where both work and non-work-related injuries have an equivalent entitlement to compensation. This study tests the hypothesis that there will be no differences in recovery outcomes for workers by injury setting (work and non-work) within a single universal entitlement injury compensation scheme. Methods Workforce active participants from the Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study (POIS) cohort were followed up at 3- and 12-months following injury. Participants who were injured in the period June 2007- May 2009 were recruited from New Zealand’s universal entitlement injury compensation scheme managed by the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). An analysis of ten vocational, disability, functional and psychological recovery outcomes was undertaken by injury setting. Modified Poisson regression analyses were undertaken to examine the relationship between injury setting and recovery outcomes. Results Of 2092 eligible participants, 741 (35%) had sustained an injury in a work setting. At 3 months, workers with work-related injuries had an elevated risk of work absence however, this difference disappeared after controlling for confounding variables (adjusted RR 1.10, 95% CI 0.94-1.29). By 12 months, workers with work-related injuries had poorer recovery outcomes with a higher risk of absence from work (aRR 1.37, 95% CI 1.10-1.70), mobility-related functional problems (aRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.14-1.60), disability (aRR 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.68) and impaired functioning related to anxiety/depression (aRR 1.21, 95% CI 1.00-1.46). Conclusion Our study, comparing recovery outcomes for workers by injury setting within a single universal entitlement injury compensation scheme, found mixed support for the hypothesis tested. After adjustment for possible covariates recovery outcomes did not differ by injury setting at 3 months following injury, however, by 12 months vocational, disability and some functional outcomes, were poorer for workers with work-related injuries. Given our findings, and other potential mechanisms for poorer outcomes for workers with work-related injuries, further research beyond differences in entitlement to compensation should be undertaken to inform future interventions. PMID:24148609

2013-01-01

368

Connecting Public Health IT Systems with Enacted Work: Report of an Ethnographic Study  

PubMed Central

As part of a larger project to improve information transfer within public health settings, we studied the information workflow associated with communicable disease (CD) activities in a local health department. As part of that study we examined a newly adopted online system used for reporting CD data to the state department of public health. An information workflow analysis was performed using the ethnographic methods of interviews and observations. In addition to providing a detailed description of the context of CD reporting activities in a local health department, our study uncovered a mismatch between the newly piloted electronic reporting system and the CD work as enacted by health department personnel. PMID:18999077

Turner, Anne M.; Ramey, Judy; Lee, E. Sally

2008-01-01

369

A study of work-family conflict, family-work conflict and the contingent effect of self-efficacy of retail salespeople in a transitional economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The present study aims to contribute to the growing cross-national body of literature on work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) issues by examining the interrelationship of these constructs with other variables in the context of a transitional economy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected using self-report questionnaires distributed to retail salespeople in Hungary. Hypothesis tests were conducted using

Cristian Chelariu; Rodney Stump

2011-01-01

370

A Qualitative Study on Working Experience of Rural Doctors in Malappuram District of Kerala, India  

PubMed Central

Background: Improving the working conditions of rural doctors is an important issue to increase the quality of health services to target groups. Objectives: To assess the working experience of rural doctors at primary health care level. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conducted among 30 medical officers from 21 primary health centers in Malappuram district of Kerala, India. In-depth interview was conducted, and content analysis was performed with the identification of themes based on the responses obtained. Results: There were 19 males and 11 females belonged to 25 to 55 years age group. About 70% (21) of them were graduates with MBBS qualification, and the rest were postgraduates. About 2/3rd of them (20) had experience of less than 5 years. They expressed difficulty in managing the work in stipulated time period. However, this had never affected their OP management in anyway. They told that higher authorities were supportive, but they faced some opposition from the public in implementation of national program. Few opined that the training received was grossly insufficient in running the administrative affairs of the health center. Most of them satisfied with physical infrastructure, but manpower including medical officers and supporting staff were not sufficient. Some opined that the age of retirement is too early and should be increased. They participated in Continuing Medical Education, but expressed that it's content should suit to primary health care level. Conclusion: This study highlighted their concern to patient care and time, field work, administrative work, infrastructure, professional development, and future prospects. Further large scale evaluation studies will explore the situational analysis of it. PMID:25161972

Vallikunnu, Vinod; Kumar, S. Ganesh; Sarkar, Sonali; Kar, Sitanshu Sekhar; Harichandrakumar, K. T.

2014-01-01

371

Work, Diabetes and Obesity: A Seven Year Follow-Up Study among Danish Health Care Workers  

PubMed Central

Objectives The rise in prevalence of diabetes is alarming and research ascribes most of the increase to lifestyle. However, little knowledge exists about the influence of occupational factors on the risk for developing diabetes. This study estimates the importance of work and lifestyle as risk factors for developing diabetes mellitus among healthcare workers and explores the association of work factors and obesity, which is a risk factor for diabetes. Methods Questionnaire-based prospective cohort study among 7,305 health care workers followed for seven years in the Danish National Diabetes Register. We used bivariate comparisons to give an unadjusted estimate of associations, followed by adjusted survival analysis and logistic regression models to estimate the influences of potential risk factors related to job, health and lifestyle on diabetes and obesity. Results During seven years of follow up, 3.5% of participants developed diabetes, associated with obesity (HR ?=? 6.53; 95% CI 4.68–9.10), overweight (HR ?=? 2.89; CI 2.11–3.96) age 50–69 y (HR ?=? 2.27; 95% CI 1.57–3.43) and high quality of leadership (HR ?=? 1.60; CI 1.19–2.16). Obesity at baseline was most common among the youngest employees, and was mainly associated with developing diabetes (OR ?=? 3.84; CI 2.85–5.17), impaired physical capacity and physical inactivity. In the occupational setting, obesity was associated with shift work, severe musculoskeletal pain, low influence, but also by good management, fewer role conflicts and a positive work-life balance. Looking only at non-smokers, removed the influence of age and pain. However, non-smokers also had higher depression scores and more role conflicts. Conclusions Confirming obesity as the strongest risk factor for developing diabetes, the present study identified few occupational risk factors. However, obesity, the key risk factor for diabetes, had a more variable relation with work than did diabetes. PMID:25068830

Poulsen, Kjeld; Cleal, Bryan; Clausen, Thomas; Andersen, Lars L.

2014-01-01

372

A Case Study of American Bicycle Culture: How Cycling to Work Works in a Small Town in Kansas  

E-print Network

-motorized methods of transportation such as walking and biking. This condition of separated land uses, isolated residential communities, and disconnected street networks, is known as urban sprawl. Other criticisms of urban sprawl range from the environmental... that they voted than actually voted in elections (Wright, 1993). Studies on bicyclists tend to take place in larger communities where there is advanced infrastructure such as extensive bike lanes and strict street design standards to support these behaviors...

Rodriguez, Carolina

2011-08-31

373

Prolonged high-altitude residence impacts verbal working memory: an fMRI study.  

PubMed

Oxygen is critical to normal brain functioning and development. In high altitude where the oxygen concentration and pressure are very low, human cognitive capability such as working memory has been found to be jeopardized. Such effect might persist with long-term high-altitude residence. The current study investigated the verbal working memory of 28 high-altitude residents with blood level oxygen dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), in contrast with that of the 30 sea level residents. All of the subjects were healthy college students, matched on their age, gender ratio and social-economic status; they also did not show any difference on their hemoglobin level. The high-altitude subjects showed longer reaction time and decreased response accuracy in behavioral performance. Both groups showed activation in the typical regions associated with the 2-back verbal working memory task, and the behavioral performance of both groups showed significant correlations with the BOLD signal change amplitude and Granger causality values (as a measure of the interregional effective connectivity) between these regions. With group comparison statistics, the high-altitude subjects showed decreased activation at the inferior and middle frontal gyrus, the middle occipital and the lingual gyrus, the pyramis of vermis, as well as the thalamus. In conclusion, the current study revealed impairment in verbal working memory among high-altitude residents, which might be associated with the impact of prolonged chronic hypoxia exposure on the brain functionality. PMID:21107542

Yan, Xiaodan; Zhang, Jiaxing; Gong, Qiyong; Weng, Xuchu

2011-02-01

374

Study on the Influence of the Work Hardening Models Constitutive Parameters Identification in the Springback Prediction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main goal of this work is to determine the influence of the work hardening model in the numerical prediction of springback. This study will be performed according with the specifications of the first phase of the "Benchmark 3" of the Numisheet'2005 Conference: the "Channel Draw". Several work hardening constitutive models are used in order to allow a better description of the different material mechanical behavior. Two are classical pure isotropic hardening models described by a power law (Swift) or a Voce type saturation equation. Those two models were also combined with a non-linear (Lemaître and Chaboche) kinematic hardening rule. The final one is the Teodosiu microstructural hardening model. The study is performed for two commonly used steels of the automotive industry: mild (DC06) and dual phase (DP600) steels. The mechanical characterization, as well as the constitutive parameters identification of each work hardening models, was performed by LPMTM, based on an appropriate set of experimental data such as uniaxial tensile tests, monotonic and Bauschinger simple shear tests and orthogonal strain path tests, all at various orientations with respect to the rolling direction. All the simulations were carried out with the CEMUC's home code DD3IMP (contraction of `Deep Drawing 3-D IMPlicit code').

Oliveira, M. C.; Alves, J. L.; Chaparro, B. M.; Menezes, L. F.

2005-08-01

375

Ecological risk assessment guidance for preparation of remedial investigation/feasibility study work plans  

SciTech Connect

This guidance document (1) provides instructions on preparing the components of an ecological work plan to complement the overall site remedial assessment investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) work plan and (2) directs the user on how to implement ecological tasks identified in the plan. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended by the Superfired Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), an RI/FS work plan win have to be developed as part of the site-remediation scoping the process. Specific guidance on the RI/FS process and the preparation of work plans has been developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988a). This document provides guidance to US Department of Energy (DOE) staff and contractor personnel for incorporation of ecological information into environmental remediation planning and decision making at CERCLA sites. An overview analysis of early ecological risk assessment methods (i.e., in the 1980s) at Superfund sites was conducted by the EPA (1989a). That review provided a perspective of attention given to ecological issues in some of the first RI/FS studies. By itself, that reference is of somewhat limited value; it does, however, establish a basis for comparison of past practices in ecological risk with current, more refined methods.

Pentecost, E.D.; Vinikour, W.S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-08-01

376

Psychological and Social Work Factors as Predictors of Mental Distress: A Prospective Study  

PubMed Central

Studies exploring psychological and social work factors in relation to mental health problems (anxiety and depression) have mainly focused on a limited set of exposures. The current study investigated prospectively a broad set of specific psychological and social work factors as predictors of potentially clinically relevant mental distress (anxiety and depression), i.e. “caseness” level of distress. Employees were recruited from 48 Norwegian organizations, representing a wide variety of job types. A total of 3644 employees responded at both baseline and at follow-up two years later. Respondents were distributed across 832 departments within the 48 organizations. Nineteen work factors were measured. Two prospective designs were tested: (i) with baseline predictors and (ii) with average exposure over time ([T1+T2]/2) as predictors. Random intercept logistic regressions were conducted to account for clustering of the data. Baseline “cases” were excluded (n?=?432). Age, sex, skill level, and mental distress as a continuous variable at T1 were adjusted for. Fourteen of 19 factors showed some prospective association with mental distress. The most consistent risk factor was role conflict (highest odds ratio [OR] 2.08, 99% confidence interval [CI]: 1.45–3.00). The most consistent protective factors were support from immediate superior (lowest OR 0.56, 99% CI: 0.43–0.72), fair leadership (lowest OR 0.52, 99% CI: 0.40–0.68), and positive challenge (lowest OR 0.60, 99% CI: 0.41–0.86). The present study demonstrated that a broad set of psychological and social work factors predicted mental distress of potential clinical relevance. Some of the most consistent predictors were different from those traditionally studied. This highlights the importance of expanding the range of factors beyond commonly studied concepts like the demand-control model and the effort-reward imbalance model. PMID:25048033

Finne, Live Bakke; Christensen, Jan Olav; Knardahl, Stein

2014-01-01

377

A note on Fermat's problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The General Fermat Problem asks for the minimum of the weighted sum of distances fromm points inn-space. Dozens of papers have been written on variants of this problem and most of them have merely reproduced known results. This note calls attention to the work of Weiszfeld in 1937, who may have been the first to propose an iterative algorithm. Although

Harold W. Kuhn

1973-01-01

378

Accidents at work and costs analysis: a field study in a large Italian company.  

PubMed

Accidents at work are still a heavy burden in social and economic terms, and action to improve health and safety standards at work offers great potential gains not only to employers, but also to individuals and society as a whole. However, companies often are not interested to measure the costs of accidents even if cost information may facilitate preventive occupational health and safety management initiatives. The field study, carried out in a large Italian company, illustrates technical and organisational aspects associated with the implementation of an accident costs analysis tool. The results indicate that the implementation (and the use) of the tool requires a considerable commitment by the company, that accident costs analysis should serve to reinforce the importance of health and safety prevention and that the economic dimension of accidents is substantial. The study also suggests practical ways to facilitate the implementation and the moral acceptance of the accounting technology. PMID:24869894

Battaglia, Massimo; Frey, Marco; Passetti, Emilio

2014-01-01

379

Telephone-Administered Intelligence Testing for Research in Work and Organizational Psychology: A Comparative Assessment Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a 2 × 2 experimental study, we used the Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT) to assess the quality of intelligence testing by telephone with a sample of 210 individuals active in the world of work and compared it both inter- and intraindividually with intelligence testing by face-to-face test administration. The population median (rxx= .88) of the reliability of ordinary face-to-face-based

Gerhard Blickle; Jochen Kramer; Jan Mierke

2010-01-01

380

Experimental Reconstruction of Work Distribution and Study of Fluctuation Relations in a Closed Quantum System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the experimental reconstruction of the nonequilibrium work probability distribution in a closed quantum system, and the study of the corresponding quantum fluctuation relations. The experiment uses a liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance platform that offers full control on the preparation and dynamics of the system. Our endeavors enable the characterization of the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of a quantum spin from a finite-time thermodynamics viewpoint.

Batalhão, Tiago B.; Souza, Alexandre M.; Mazzola, Laura; Auccaise, Ruben; Sarthour, Roberto S.; Oliveira, Ivan S.; Goold, John; De Chiara, Gabriele; Paternostro, Mauro; Serra, Roberto M.

2014-10-01

381

Experimental reconstruction of work distribution and study of fluctuation relations in a closed quantum system.  

PubMed

We report the experimental reconstruction of the nonequilibrium work probability distribution in a closed quantum system, and the study of the corresponding quantum fluctuation relations. The experiment uses a liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance platform that offers full control on the preparation and dynamics of the system. Our endeavors enable the characterization of the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of a quantum spin from a finite-time thermodynamics viewpoint. PMID:25325627

Batalhão, Tiago B; Souza, Alexandre M; Mazzola, Laura; Auccaise, Ruben; Sarthour, Roberto S; Oliveira, Ivan S; Goold, John; De Chiara, Gabriele; Paternostro, Mauro; Serra, Roberto M

2014-10-01

382

Prevalence of widespread pain and associations with work status: a population study  

PubMed Central

Background This population study based on a representative sample from a Swedish county investigates the prevalence, duration, and determinants of widespread pain (WSP) in the population using two constructs and estimates how WSP affects work status. In addition, this study investigates the prevalence of widespread pain and its relationship to pain intensity, gender, age, income, work status, citizenship, civil status, urban residence, and health care seeking. Methods A cross-sectional survey using a postal questionnaire was sent to a representative sample (n = 9952) of the target population (284,073 people, 18–74 years) in a county (Östergötland) in the southern Sweden. The questionnaire was mailed and followed by two postal reminders when necessary. Results The participation rate was 76.7% (n = 7637); the non-participants were on the average younger, earned less money, and male. Women had higher prevalences of pain in 10 different predetermined anatomical regions. WSP was generally chronic (90–94%) and depending on definition of WSP the prevalence varied between 4.8–7.4% in the population. Women had significantly higher prevalence of WSP than men and the age effect appeared to be stronger in women than in men. WSP was a significant negative factor – together with age 50–64 years, low annual income, and non-Nordic citizen – for work status in the community and in the group with chronic pain. Chronic pain but not the spreading of pain was related to health care seeking in the population. Conclusion This study confirms earlier studies that report high prevalences of widespread pain in the population and especially among females and with increasing age. Widespread pain is associated with prominent effects on work status. PMID:18627605

Gerdle, Björn; Björk, Jonas; Cöster, Lars; Henriksson, KG; Henriksson, Chris; Bengtsson, Ann

2008-01-01

383

Working Memory of Identification of Emotional Vocal Expressions: An fMRI Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of brain activation during working memory processing of emotional vocal expressions was studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in eight female subjects performing n-back tasks with three load levels (0-back, 1-back, and 2-back tasks). The stimuli in the n-back tasks were the Finnish female name [Saara] uttered in an astonished, angry, frightened, commanding, and scornful mode, and

Pia Rämä; Sami Martinkauppi; Ilkka Linnankoski; Juha Koivisto; Hannu J. Aronen; Synnöve Carlson

2001-01-01

384

Updating of context in working memory: An event-related potential study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flexible control of behavior depends on the representation, maintenance, and updating of context information in working memory,\\u000a which is thought to rely on the prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, in contrast to maintenance, the dynamics of context activation\\u000a and updating have not been well studied. To identify neural signals associated with context updating, we compared event-related\\u000a potentials associated with cues that

Agatha Lenartowicz; Rafael Escobedo-Quiroz; Jonathan D. Cohen

2010-01-01

385

Physics Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Short articles describe a method of introducing the study of simple harmonic motion, and suggest models that are analogues for impedence matching, electrical transformers, and birefringent crystals. (AL)

School Science Review, 1972

1972-01-01

386

Work-life balance and fly-in\\/fly-out mining : a qualitative study on FIFO employee perceptions of work-life balance in the mining industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the adoption of semi-structured email interviews, this study explores the perceptions of job and life satisfaction that fly-in\\/fly-out (FIFO) mining employees have towards work-life balance (WLB). A sample of eight FIFO employees within similar West Australian (WA) mining operations volunteered to participate in the study. Using a conceptual framework developed for this study areas explored include, amongst others, the

Mirsad Bahtic

2011-01-01

387

A Study of Work-Family Conflict Among IT Professionals: Job Characteristics, Individual Values, and Management Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we develop a model that explains the work-family conflict experienced by IT professionals. We propose two major sources of work-family conflict: the structure of work and individual mindsets toward work. Furthermore, we examine beliefs about the employer that can diminish work-family conflict. We test our hypotheses using data gathered from 126 IT professionals. Our model explains more

Michael Dinger; Jason Bennett Thatcher; Lee P. Stepina

2010-01-01

388

Project Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed are 32 biology A-level projects, categorized by organisms studied as follows: algae (1), bryophytes (1), angiosperms (14), fungi (1), flatworms (1), annelids (2), molluscs (1), crustaceans (2), insects (4), fish (2), mammals (1), humans (1); and one synecological study. (CS)

School Science Review, 1979

1979-01-01

389

Journey of change and back: a case study of a reconstituted social work service.  

PubMed

As a result of Total Quality Management and Reengineering principles during the VA's "Journey of Change" in the mid-1990s many hospital social work departments were re-organized under umbrella-care lines. Outcome studies of this movement have focused primarily on patient services. This study focused on the service providers' (including social workers) point of view and their satisfaction with the change in service structure. Data gathering consisted of a master thesis project by one of the co-authors, an administrative in-house survey of staff satisfaction, a qualitative presentation of staff concerns, and the perspective of the administrator who took the decision. PMID:18956511

Alvelo, Jaime; Garcia, Jerika; Rosario, David

2008-01-01

390

Work-related stress and associated factors among nurses working in public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Work-related stress is a pattern of reactions to work demands unmatched to nurses' knowledge, skills, or abilities; these challenges exceed their ability to cope, resulting in burnout, turnover, and low quality patient care. An institution-based cross-sectional study of 343 nurses was conducted in public hospitals of Addis Ababa in 2012. Data were collected by pretested and self-administered questionnaires using a nursing stress scale. One hundred twenty-one (37.8%) (95% confidence interval: 34.3 to 39.1) nurses reported experiencing occupational stress. Significant associations were found between nurses' stress and gender, work shift, illness, marital status, and worksite or unit. Prevalence of work-related stress was higher than expected and opportunities exist for stake holders to design stress reduction and management programs for nurses. PMID:25101930

Salilih, Selamawit Zewdu; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu

2014-08-01

391

Work and Risk: Perceptions of Nuclear-Power Personnel. a Study in Grounded Theory.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The utility industry has devoted time and money to assure personnel within nuclear power plants are informed about occupational risks. Radiation-protection training programs are designed to present information to employees about occupational radiation and protective procedures. Work -related concerns are known to create stress, affect the morale of the workforce, influence collective bargaining, and increase compensation claims. This study was designed to determine perceptions of risk among employees of nuclear power plants and identify variables that influence these perceptions. Four power plants were included in the study, one in Canada and three in the United States. Data were generated through participant observations and interviews of 350 participants during a period of 3 weeks at each plant. Data were gathered and analyzed following procedures advanced by Grounded Theory, a naturalistic methodology used in this study. Training content, information, and communication materials were additional sources of data. Findings indicated employees believed health and safety risks existed within the work environment. Perceptions of risk were influenced by training quality, the work environment, nuclear myths and images of the general public, and fears of family members. Among the three groups of workers, administration personnel, security personnel, and radiation workers, the latter identified a larger number of risks. Workers perceived radiation risks, shift work, and steam pipe ruptures as high-level concerns. Experiencing stress, making mistakes, and fear of sabotage were concerns shared among all employee groups at various levels of concern. Strategies developed by employees were used to control risk. Strategies included teamwork, humor, monitoring, avoidance, reframing, and activism. When risks were perceived as uncontrollable, the employee left the plant. A coping strategy of transferring concerns about radiological risks to nonradiological risks were uncovered in the data. Implications and recommendations include (a) the development of interactive training sessions concerning perceptions and facts of radiological exposures, (b) informational training for nonradiological employees, and (c) educational material development for family members and friends of employees.

Fields, Claire Dewitt

1992-01-01

392

Eye-gaze patterns as students study worked-out examples in mechanics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study explores what introductory physics students actually look at when studying worked-out examples. Our classroom experiences indicate that introductory physics students neither discuss nor refer to the conceptual information contained in the text of worked-out examples. This study is an effort to determine to what extent students incorporate the textual information into the way they study. Student eye-gaze patterns were recorded as they studied the examples to aid them in solving a target problem. Contrary to our expectations from classroom interactions, students spent 40±3% of their gaze time reading the textual information. Their gaze patterns were also characterized by numerous jumps between corresponding mathematical and textual information, implying that they were combining information from both sources. Despite this large fraction of time spent reading the text, student recall of the conceptual information contained therein remained very poor. We also found that having a particular problem in mind had no significant effects on the gaze-patterns or conceptual information retention.

Smith, Adam D.; Mestre, Jose P.; Ross, Brian H.

2012-05-18

393

Eye-gaze patterns as students study worked-out examples in mechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores what introductory physics students actually look at when studying worked-out examples. Our classroom experiences indicate that introductory physics students neither discuss nor refer to the conceptual information contained in the text of worked-out examples. This study is an effort to determine to what extent students incorporate the textual information into the way they study. Student eye-gaze patterns were recorded as they studied the examples to aid them in solving a target problem. Contrary to our expectations from classroom interactions, students spent 40±3% of their gaze time reading the textual information. Their gaze patterns were also characterized by numerous jumps between corresponding mathematical and textual information, implying that they were combining information from both sources. Despite this large fraction of time spent reading the text, student recall of the conceptual information contained therein remained very poor. We also found that having a particular problem in mind had no significant effects on the gaze-patterns or conceptual information retention.

Smith, Adam D.; Mestre, Jose P.; Ross, Brian H.

2010-07-01

394

Working memory deficits in multiple sclerosis: a controlled study with auditory P600 correlates  

PubMed Central

Background: Recently, the P600 component of event related potentials, a waveform that is conceived to be generated and/or modulated by basal ganglia and cingulate area has been considered an index of the completion of any synchronised operation after target detection, having much in common with working memory operation. Moreover, dysfunction of these brain structures as well as working memory deficits have been implicated in the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of P600 elicited during a working memory test in multiple sclerosis patients compared with healthy controls. Methods: Twenty two definite, chronic progressive multiple sclerosis patients, with recent exacerbation of their illness, and 20 normal subjects matched for age, sex, and educational level, were studied with a computerised version of the digit span test of Wechsler batteries. Auditory P600 were measured during the anticipatory period of this test. Results: The patient group, as compared with healthy controls, showed significantly reduced latencies of P600 at left frontal areas and reduced P600 amplitudes at left temporoparietal region. Moreover, memory performance of patients was significantly more impaired when compared with healthy controls. Conclusions: These findings may indicate that multiple sclerosis is associated with abnormal features of the completion of synchronised operation after target detection, as they are reflected by P600 amplitudes and latencies. Dysfunction of this mechanism may contribute to the identification of basic cognitive processes that could account for the cognitive deficits in multiple sclerosis. PMID:12933924

Sfagos, C; Papageorgiou, C; Kosma, K; Kodopadelis, E; Uzunoglu, N; Vassilopoulos, D; Rabavilas, A

2003-01-01

395

Work capacity, thermal responses and lung function: united kingdom studies in the L.B.P.  

PubMed

Results of physiological studies from some ten U.K. Human Adaptability projects are presented. U.K. investigators made major contributions in developing and adapting techniques for the assussment under field conditions of work capacity, heat tolerance and respiratory function. The various ethnic studies of work capacity revealed the special role of body size and muscularity, as well as training, in determining the observed inter- and intra-population variance. The results on samples from U.K., New Guinea, the Caribbean, Israel, West and East Africa and the Ethiopian highlands gave no indication that genetic difference were significant in determining population differences. Differences in heat tolerance reflect in general the intensity of heat exposure, especially when combined with hard physical work. Indigenous peoples in Africa and New Guinea show some modification in sweating responses which do not appear to be genetically determined but are in some way, as yet not clearly established, attributable to long continued residence in tropical climates. In renal function of some seven ethnic groups were analysed in terms of lung volume bellows function, gas exchange and responses to excercise and carbon dioxide. The relative importance of genetic and non-genetic factors was examined. PMID:8802

Weiner, J S

1976-07-01

396

Understanding resilience in same-sex parented families: the work, love, play study  

PubMed Central

Background While families headed by same-sex couples have achieved greater public visibility in recent years, there are still many challenges for these families in dealing with legal and community contexts that are not supportive of same-sex relationships. The Work, Love, Play study is a large longitudinal study of same-sex parents. It aims to investigate many facets of family life among this sample and examine how they change over time. The study focuses specifically on two key areas missing from the current literature: factors supporting resilience in same-sex parented families; and health and wellbeing outcomes for same-sex couples who undergo separation, including the negotiation of shared parenting arrangements post-separation. The current paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the design and methods of this longitudinal study and discuss its significance. Methods/Design The Work, Love, Play study is a mixed design, three wave, longitudinal cohort study of same-sex attracted parents. The sample includes lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender parents in Australia and New Zealand (including single parents within these categories) caring for any children under the age of 18 years. The study will be conducted over six years from 2008 to 2014. Quantitative data are to be collected via three on-line surveys in 2008, 2010 and 2012 from the cohort of parents recruited in Wave1. Qualitative data will be collected via interviews with purposively selected subsamples in 2012 and 2013. Data collection began in 2008 and 355 respondents to Wave One of the study have agreed to participate in future surveys. Work is currently underway to increase this sample size. The methods and survey instruments are described. Discussion This study will make an important contribution to the existing research on same-sex parented families. Strengths of the study design include the longitudinal method, which will allow understanding of changes over time within internal family relationships and social supports. Further, the mixed method design enables triangulation of qualitative and quantitative data. A broad recruitment strategy has already enabled a large sample size with the inclusion of both gay men and lesbians. PMID:20211027

2010-01-01

397

Vocal behavior and vocal loading factors for preschool teachers at work studied with binaural DAT recordings.  

PubMed

Preschool teachers are at risk for developing voice problems such as vocal fatigue and vocal nodules. The purpose of this report was to study preschool teachers' voice use during work. Ten healthy female preschool teachers working at daycare centers (DCC) served as subjects. A binaural recording technique was used. Two microphones were placed on both sides of the subject's head, at equal distance from the mouth, and a portable DAT recorder was attached to the subject's waist. Recordings were made of a standard reading passage before work (baseline) and of spontaneous speech during work. The recording technique allowed separate analyses of the level of the background noise, and of the subjects' voice sound pressure level, mean fundamental frequency, and total phonation time. Among the results, mean background noise level for the ten DCCs was 76.1 dBA (range 73.0-78.2), which is more than 20 dB higher than what is recommended where speech communication is important (50-55 dBA). The subjects spoke on an average of 9.1 dB louder (p < 0.0001), and with higher mean fundamental frequency (247 Hz) during work as compared to the baseline (202 Hz) (p < 0.0001). Mean phonation time for the group was 17%, which was considered high. It was concluded that preschool teachers do have a highly vocally demanding profession. Important steps to reduce the vocal loading for this occupation would be to decrease the background noise levels and include pauses so that preschool teachers can rest their voices. PMID:12395988

Södersten, Maria; Granqvist, Svante; Hammarberg, Britta; Szabo, Annika

2002-09-01

398

Meaning-centered dream work with hospice patients: A pilot study.  

PubMed

Objective: Hospice patients often struggle with loss of meaning, while many experience meaningful dreams. The purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary exploration into the process and therapeutic outcomes of meaning-centered dream work with hospice patients. Method: A meaning-centered variation of the cognitive-experiential model of dream work (Hill, 1996; 2004) was tested with participants. This variation was influenced by the tenets of meaning-centered psychotherapy (Breitbart et al., 2012). A total of 12 dream-work sessions were conducted with 7 hospice patients (5 women), and session transcripts were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research (CQR) method (Hill, 2012). Participants also completed measures of gains from dream interpretation in terms of existential well-being and quality of life. Results: Participants' dreams generally featured familiar settings and living family and friends. Reported images from dreams were usually connected to feelings, relationships, and the concerns of waking life. Participants typically interpreted their dreams as meaning that they needed to change their way of thinking, address legacy concerns, or complete unfinished business. Generally, participants developed and implemented action plans based on these interpretations, despite their physical limitations. Participants described dream-work sessions as meaningful, comforting, and helpful. High scores on a measure of gains from dream interpretation were reported, consistent with qualitative findings. No adverse effects were reported or indicated by assessments. Significance of Results: Our results provided initial support for the feasibility and helpfulness of dream work in this population. Implications for counseling with the dying and directions for future research were also explored. PMID:25315257

Wright, Scott T; Grant, Pei C; Depner, Rachel M; Donnelly, James P; Kerr, Christopher W

2014-10-15

399

International variation in absence from work attributed to musculoskeletal illness: findings from the CUPID study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To quantify the variation in rates of absence due to musculoskeletal pain across 47 occupational groups (mostly nurses and office workers) from 18 countries, and to explore personal and group-level risk factors that might explain observed differences. Methods A standardised questionnaire was used to obtain information about musculoskeletal pain, sickness absence and possible risk factors in a cross-sectional survey of 12?416 workers (92–1017 per occupational group). Additionally, group-level data on socioeconomic variables, such as sick pay and unemployment rates, were assembled by members of the study team in each country. Associations of sickness absence with risk factors were examined by Poisson regression. Results Overall, there were more than 30-fold differences between occupational groups in the 12-month prevalence of prolonged musculoskeletal sickness absence, and even among office workers carrying out similar occupational tasks, the variation was more than tenfold. Personal risk factors included older age, lower educational level, tendency to somatise, physical loading at work and prolonged absence for non-musculoskeletal illness. However, these explained little of the variation between occupational groups. After adjustment for individual characteristics, prolonged musculoskeletal sickness absence was more frequent in groups with greater time pressure at work, lower job control and more adverse beliefs about the work-relatedness of musculoskeletal disorders. Conclusions Musculoskeletal sickness absence might be reduced by eliminating excessive time pressures in work, maximising employees’ responsibility and control and providing flexibility of duties for those with disabling symptoms. Care should be taken not to overstate work as a cause of musculoskeletal injury. PMID:23695413

Coggon, David; Ntani, Georgia; Vargas-Prada, Sergio; Martinez, José Miguel; Serra, Consol; Benavides, Fernando G; Palmer, Keith T

2013-01-01

400

The interaction of water with clean palladium films: A thermal desorption and work function study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adsorption-thermodesorption behavior of H 2O molecules on clean, thin polycrystalline Pd-films has been studied by means of work function (WF) and mass resolved temperature programmed desorption (TPD). Film morphology was varied and stabilized by annealing in the range 77-473 K. As deduced from WF changes during adsorption and TPD, unannealed films formed on glass at 77 K are highly porous. On the films at 77 K, H 2O adsorbs molecularly and binds to the surface through the O-atom as suggested by the decrease in work function. Data can be rationalized assuming that during TPD, the adsorbed H 2O molecules undergo decomposition. H 2 never evolved from the films, not even at 473 K, suggesting that the observed H 2O desorption peak at T>220 K should involve molecule rebuilding, as found in Pd single crystals.

Heras, J. M.; Estiú, G.; Viscido, L.

1997-04-01

401

The work of the CONRAD task group 5.2: research studies on biokinetic models.  

PubMed

The objective of this Task Group is the coordination of research studies on biokinetic models and the evaluation of the implications of new biokinetic models on dose assessment and safety standards. For this the new ICRP models, which will be used for a revision of ICRP Publications 30, 54, 68 and 78, are implemented into six different computer codes in five European countries and quality assured by intercomparison procedures. The work has started with the implementation of the new ICRP Alimentary Tract Model. New systemic models and the new NCRP wound model will follow. The work also includes the evaluation of experimental results in terms of formulation by the new model structures and a quality assurance of model formulation. PMID:17556343

Nosske, D; Berkovski, V; Birchall, A; Blanchardon, E; Cantone, M C; Davis, K; Giussani, A; Luciani, A; Marsh, J; Oeh, U; Ratia, H; Lopez, M A

2007-01-01

402

Study on EEG power and coherence in patients with mild cognitive impairment during working memory task.  

PubMed

To investigate the features of electroencephalography (EEG) power and coherence at rest and during a working memory task of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Thirty-five patients (17 males, 18 females; 52-71 years old) and 34 sex- and age-matched controls (17 males, 17 females; 51-63 years old) were recruited in the present study. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) of 35 patients with MCI and 34 normal controls revealed that the scores of MCI patients did not differ significantly from those of normal controls (P>0.05). Then, EEGs at rest and during working memory task with three levels of working memory load were recorded. The EEG power was computed over 10 channels: right and left frontal (F3, F4), central (C3, C4), parietal (P3, P4), temporal (T5, T6) and occipital (O1, O2); inter-hemispheric coherences were computed from five electrode pairs of F3-F4, C3-C4, P3-P4, T5-T6 and O1-O2 for delta (1.0-3.5 Hz), theta (4.0-7.5 Hz), alpha-1 (8.0-10.0 Hz), alpha-2 (10.5 -13.0 Hz), beta-1 (13.5-18.0 Hz) and beta-2 (18.5-30.0 Hz) frequency bands. All values of the EEG power of MCI patients were found to be higher than those of normal controls at rest and during working memory tasks. Furthermore, the values of EEG power in the theta, alpha-1, alpha-2 and beta-1 bands of patients with MCI were significantly high (P<0.05) in comparison with those of normal controls. Correlation analysis indicated a significant negative correlation between the EEG powers and MMSE scores. In addition, during working memory tasks, the EEG coherences in all bands were significantly higher in the MCI group in comparison with those in the control group (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in EEG coherences between two groups at rest. These findings comprise evidence that MCI patients have higher EEG power at rest, and higher EEG power and coherence during working conditions. It suggests that MCI may be associated with compensatory processes at rest and during working memory tasks. Moreover, failure of normal cortical connections may be exist in MCI patients. PMID:16358382

Jiang, Zheng-yan

2005-12-01

403

A dyadic model of the work-family interface: a study of dual-earner couples in China.  

PubMed

This study adopted a spillover-crossover model to examine the roles of personality and perceived social support as antecedents of the work-family interface among dual-earner couples in China. Married couples (N = 306) from 2 major cities in China (Shanghai and Jinan) completed questionnaires measuring a relationship-oriented personality trait (i.e., family orientation), perceived family and work support, and work-family conflict and enhancement. The results showed that family orientation and perceived family support was positively associated with family-to-work enhancement and negatively associated with family-to-work conflict for both husbands and wives. Perceived work support was positively associated with family-to-work enhancement for wives and negatively associated with work-to-family conflict for husbands. Similarities in family orientation between partners were positively correlated with the individual's family-to-work enhancement. This study also illustrated the crossover of the work-family interface between dual-earner couples by using the actor-partner interdependence model. The pattern of associations between personality trait and perceived social support varied by gender. Husbands' family orientation was negatively correlated with work-to-family enhancement experienced by wives, and husbands' perceived work support was positively correlated with work-to-family enhancement experienced by wives. Wives' perceived work support was positively correlated with family-to-work conflict experienced by husbands. PMID:23276195

Ho, Man Yee; Chen, Xuefei; Cheung, Fanny M; Liu, Huimin; Worthington, Everett L

2013-01-01

404

Chemistry Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Short articles on the determination of the activation energy of the thiosulphate-acid reaction, an experiment on hydrolysis of similar metal salt solutions, the preparation and electrolytic properties of iodine monochloride and iodine trochloride, and instructions for apparatus enabling laboratory study of the thermal cracking of ethylbenzene. (AL)

School Science Review, 1972

1972-01-01

405

Risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome related to the work organization: A prospective surveillance study in a large working population.  

PubMed

The study aimed to determine the risk factors for incident carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in a large working population, with a special focus on factors related to work organization. In 2002-2005, 3710 workers were assessed and, in 2007-2010, 1611 were re-examined. At baseline all completed a self-administered questionnaire about personal/medical factors and work exposure. CTS symptoms and physical examination signs were assessed by a standardized medical examination at baseline and follow-up. The risk of "symptomatic CTS" was higher for women (OR = 2.9 [1.7-5.2]) and increased linearly with age (OR = 1.04 [1.00-1.07] for 1-year increment). Two work organizational factors remained in the multivariate risk model after adjustment for the personal/medical and biomechanical factors: payment on a piecework basis (OR = 2.0, 95% CI 1.1-3.5) and work pace dependent on automatic rate (OR = 1.9, 95% CI 0.9-4.1). Several factors related to work organization were associated with incident CTS after adjustment for potential confounders. PMID:25479968

Petit, Audrey; Ha, Catherine; Bodin, Julie; Rigouin, Pascal; Descatha, Alexis; Brunet, René; Goldberg, Marcel; Roquelaure, Yves

2015-03-01

406

WWC Review of the Report "Does Working Memory Moderate the Effects of Fraction Intervention? An Aptitude-Treatment Interaction." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 study, "Does Working Memory Moderate the Effects of Fraction Intervention? An Aptitude-Treatment Interaction," examined the impacts of the fluency and conceptual versions of "Fraction Face-Off!," a math instruction program designed to improve knowledge of fractions and decimals in fourth-graders at risk for low…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

407

WORK INHIBITION AND REHABILITATION. PART I--WORK INVOLVEMENT AND SELF-PERCEPTIONS OF EX-PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS, AN EXPLORATORY STUDY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PRIMARY CONCERN OF THIS STUDY WAS TO EXAMINE LEVELS OF WORK INVOLVEMENT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SELF-PERCEPTIONS. QUESTIONNAIRES DESIGNED TO MEASURE THE SUBJECT'S CONCEPT OF HIS ACTUAL SELF AND HIS CONCEPT OF AN IDEAL SELF FOR THREE SITUATIONS WERE OBTAINED FROM EXPERIMENTAL (EX-PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS) AND CONTROL (MEDICAL OUT-PATIENT) GROUPS.…

TIFFANY, DONALD W.

408

New PIC/Postsecondary Alliances. How Postsecondary Institutions and Private Industry Councils Are Working Together to Boost Economic Development and Put People Back to Work. Six Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies are provided of the six sites involved in a demonstration project to encourage partnerships between postsecondary educational institutions and Private Industry Councils (PICs). These programs represent instances of collaborations between colleges/universities and the Job Training Partnership Act to help the unemployed find work and…

National Inst. for Work and Learning, Washington, DC.

409

Advanced transportation system study: Manned launch vehicle concepts for two way transportation system payloads to LEO. Work breakdown structure and work breakdown structure dictionary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The report describes the work breakdown structure (WBS) and its associated WBS dictionary for task area 1 of contract NAS8-39207, advanced transportation system studies (ATSS). This WBS format is consistent with the preliminary design level of detail employed by both task area 1 and task area 4 in the ATSS study and is intended to provide an estimating structure for parametric cost estimates.

Duffy, James B.

1992-01-01

410

Book notes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehending and Mastering African Conflicts: the Search for Sustainable Peace and Good Governance(1999), edited by Adebayo Adedeji, Zed Books in Association with the Africa Centre for Development and Strategic Studies.Marxist Modern: An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution (1999), by Donald L Donham, University of California Press, James Currey.Transnational Social Policies: the New Development Challenges of Globalisation (1999), edited by

Roy Love; Ray Bush; Morris Szeftel

1999-01-01

411

Immigration experience of Latin American working women in Alicante, Spain: an ethnographic study 1  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: to describe the experience of Latin American working women regarding immigration, taking into account the expectations and conditions in which this process takes place. METHOD: ethnographic qualitative study. Data collection was performed by means of semi-structured interviews with 24 Latin American immigrant women in Spain. The information collected was triangulated through two focal groups. RESULTS: the expectations of migrant women focus on improving family living conditions. Social support is essential for their settling and to perform daily life activities. They declare they have adapted to the settlement country, although they live with stress. They perceive they have greater sexual freedom and power with their partners but keep greater responsibility in childcare, combining that with the role of working woman. CONCLUSIONS: migrant women play a key role in the survival of households, they build and create new meanings about being a woman, their understanding of life, their social and couple relationships. Such importance is shaped by their expectations and the conditions in which the migration process takes place, as well as their work integration. PMID:25493683

González-Juárez, Liliana; Noreña-Peña, Ana Lucía

2014-01-01

412

International studies on burnup credit criticality safety by an OECD/NEA working group  

SciTech Connect

The results and conclusions from a six-year study by an international benchmarking group in the comparison of computational methods for evaluating burnup credit in criticality safety analyses is presented. Approximately 20 participants from 12 countries have provided results for most problems. Four detailed benchmark problems for pressurized-water-reactor fuel have been completed. Results from work being finalized, addressing burnup credit for boiling-water-reactor fuel, are discussed, as well as planned activities for additional benchmarks, including mixed-oxide fuels, and other activities.

Brady, M.C. [Duke Engineering and Services, Inc., Richland, WA (United States); Okuno, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); DeHart, M.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Nouri, A. [Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, Fontenay Aux Roses (France); Sartori, E. [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1998-11-01

413

A study of techniques of characterization in the work of Carson McCullers  

E-print Network

-50. 19 Louise Gossett, Violence in Recent Southern Fiction, (Durham, N. C. , 1965), 'p. 1'59. A survey of scholarly evaluations of Carson NcCullers by Oliver Evans, whose biography, The Ballad of Carson McCullers, appeared in 1966, inspires him...A STUDY OF TECHNIQUES OF CHARACTERIZATION IN THE WORK OF CARSON McCULLERS A Thesis Molcie Lou Rodenberger Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Rodenberger, Molcie Lou

2012-06-07

414

Extravehicular Crewman Work System (ECWS) study program. Volume 3: Satellite service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The satellite service portion of the Extravehicular Crewman Work System Study defines requirements and service equipment concepts for performing satellite service from the space shuttle orbiter. Both normal and contingency orbital satellite service is required. Service oriented satellite design practices are required to provide on orbit satellite service capability for the wide variety of satellites at the subsystem level. Development of additional satellite service equipment is required. The existing space transportation system provides a limited capability for performing satellite service tasks in the shuttle payload bay area.

Wilde, R. C.

1980-01-01

415

NOTE / NOTE Adaptive epigenetic memory of ancestral  

E-print Network

NOTE / NOTE Adaptive epigenetic memory of ancestral temperature regime in Arabidopsis thaliana1 C.e., epigenetic) traits are known to be heritable in plants, little is known currently about whether environmental parameters can induce adaptive epigenetic responses in plants and whether such ef- fects can persist through

Otto, Sarah

416

Publishers' Note  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We would like to thank all our contributors, subscribers, reviewers, and readers for their interest in EPL during 2008. You each play an invaluable role in the promotion, prestige, development and success of the journal and therefore your continued support is greatly appreciated. The Directors' vision for EPL to become a leading home for global physics letters, to offer rapid publication of ground-breaking physics results from the international community, and to provide the broadest coverage of physics research, is beginning to take shape as increased submissions, reduced acceptance rates, raised scientific quality, rapid publication, and greater visibility amongst the community are achieved. The latest published articles will continue to be freely available for 30 days from their on-line publication. Those articles highlighted by the Co-Editors in 2008 will remain free-to-all for the entire of 2009. We invite you to visit the website regularly (http://www.epljournal.org) to stay up-to-date with the journal's latest developments and to read the most recent articles. Our most recent opportunity publicized on the EPL website and in the CERN SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) messages is below: Open Access Opportunity for Authors of Experimental and Theoretical HEP Articles EPL is delighted to offer open access free of charge to all authors submitting experimental and theoretical letters in PACS codes 10 and 20. This offer will remain open until the SCOAP3 agreement at CERN takes effect. Authors submitting any article to EPL will continue to be offered the opportunity to make their published letter open access for a one-off payment. However, with effect from 1 November 2008, any author who submits work related to subject areas within PACS 10 and 20 will benefit from open access at no charge, meaning their published article will be available free to all readers, forever. ``Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields'' and ``Nuclear Physics'' are two research areas focusing on the HEP community, that the EPLA Directors recognize as significant to the broadband development of EPL, and they endeavour to increase the number of high-quality research letters published in these fields, to engage more closely with the High Energy Physics community, and to strengthen and promote the journal. All submitted articles will still be subject to rigorous peer review to maintain the high standard of articles published in EPL, and will benefit from expert leadership within the Editorial Board and rapid publication in addition to open access. You are invited to submit your paper now on https://www.epletters.net to take advantage of this fantastic offer. If you have comments or questions about changes taking place in 2009, please e-mail us at info@epljournal.org or editorial.office@epletters.net. With our best wishes for 2009!

EPL Management Team

2008-12-01

417

Working Group 7.0 Environmental Transport and Health Effects, Chernobyl Studies Project. Progress report, October 1994 -- March 1995  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the details from the working group 7.0 Chernobyl Studies Project. This working group looked at the environmental transport and health effects from the fallout due to the meltdown of Chernobylsk-4 reactor. Topics include: hydrological transport; chromosome painting dosimetry; EPR, TL and OSL dosimetry; stochastic effects; thyroid studies; and leukemia studies.

Anspaugh, L.R.; Hendrickson, S.M. [eds.] [eds.

1995-06-01

418

Standing posture at work and overweight exacerbate varicose veins: Shimane CoHRE Study.  

PubMed

Varicose veins (VV) in legs are commonly observed in the general global population. However, the prevalence of and risk factors for VV in Japan are not clear. This study aimed at clarifying the risk factors for VV in traditional rural areas of Shimane prefecture. Subjects (113 men and 205 women aged ?45 years) were recruited from health examinations in those areas in 2012. VV were defined as a reflux of blood in the great and/or small saphenous vein and incompetent perforating veins detected by ultrasonography. Risk factors for VV were analyzed using logistic regression models that included various parameters. We also investigated the possible interaction between standing at work and overweight and calculated the synergistic index. VV were found in 20.1% of the subjects (12.4% of men and 24.4% of women). The previously known risk factors of prolonged upright standing posture during work, higher body mass index (BMI), female sex, and age were also significant factors for VV. There was a significant combined effect of overweight (BMI ?25) and prolonged upright standing posture at work [adjusted odds ratio = 3.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-10.89], although the synergistic effect was not significant [synergistic index = 1.3; 95% CI, 0.2-8.7]. The prevalence of VV in the traditional rural area of Shimane prefecture was comparable to that reported previously in European countries. Our results confirm that exposure to both prolonged standing at work and overweight exacerbate VV development. This finding is useful to develop strategies for VV prevention. PMID:25298232

Kohno, Kunie; Niihara, Hiroyuki; Hamano, Tsuyoshi; Takeda, Miwako; Yamasaki, Masayuki; Mizumoto, Kazuo; Nabika, Toru; Morita, Eishin; Shiwaku, Kuninori

2014-11-01

419

Evaluation of a new work seat for industrial sewing operations: results of three field studies.  

PubMed

A newly developed work seat for industrial sewing operations was compared with a traditional sewing work seat to evaluate the effectiveness of design features. The new seat was designed with special seat-pan and backrest features to accommodate the musculoskeletal geometry of a low sit-stand posture. The seat-pan consisted of a pelvic support which supported the ischial tuberosities and areas behind them, and a thigh support which maintained the thighs at a 15 degrees downward angle, resulting in a 105 degrees trunk-thigh angle. The backrest consisted of a lumbar support which preserved lumbar lordosis and a thoracic support which supported the upper back during backward leaning. The traditional work seat was similar to an office chair (i e, a large horizontal seat-pan and a wide backrest) with the exception of having a higher than normal seat-height. This investigation consisted of three studies to compare the seats: (1) A user comfort and acceptance experiment which compared the initial psychophysical responses of 50 industrial sewers when introduced to the new seat; (2) a backrest usage experiment which compared the duration of backrest use among 10 industrial sewers; and (3) a follow-up experiment to evaluate chair preference after extended use of the new seat. The results of the user comfort and acceptance experiment found that the new work seat had greater comfort and user preference; the results of the backrest usage experiment found that the new seat had greater backrest use than the traditional seat; the results of the follow-up experiment found that the preference for the new seat was maintained over time and not due to a Hawthorne Effect. PMID:15676711

Yu, C Y; Keyserling, W M

1989-03-01

420

Work with prolonged arm elevation as a risk factor for shoulder pain: A longitudinal study among young adults.  

PubMed

This prospective study aimed at examining if work with prolonged arm elevation predicts shoulder pain among 41 young adults in their first years of working life. Fifteen hairdressers, 15 electricians, 5 students and 6 with various work were followed over a 2.5-year period (2006/7-2009). Arm elevation was measured with inclinometers during a full working day at baseline. Shoulder pain was reported at baseline and twice in the follow-up period. Data were analyzed by generalized estimating equations (GEE-analysis), stratified by gender and adjusted for time, mechanical workload, work demand, physical activity, tobacco use and prior shoulder pain. Work with prolonged arm elevation with angles >60° and >90° were associated with shoulder pain among women. Even though the shoulder pain levels are low the study suggests work with arms elevated as an early work-related risk factor among women, and indicates the importance of early prevention strategies. PMID:25479973

Hanvold, Therese Nordberg; Wærsted, Morten; Mengshoel, Anne Marit; Bjertness, Espen; Veiersted, Kaj Bo

2015-03-01

421

INCLUSION OF CONTENT ON RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY IN THE SOCIAL WORK CURRICULUM: A STUDY OF FACULTY VIEWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, there have been calls to re-examine the need for instruction on religion and spirituality in the social work curriculum. This study investigated the views of 280 full-time social work educators from 25 schools of social work on including such content in social work programs. Results showed that the majority (82.5%) supported inclusion of a specialized course, primarily as an

Michael J. Sheridan; Charlotte M. Wilmer; Leanne Atcheson

1994-01-01

422

Vertical and Horizontal Trust at Work as Predictors of Retirement Intentions: The Finnish Public Sector Study  

PubMed Central

This prospective cohort study aimed to examine the associations of trust towards the supervisor (vertical trust) and trust towards co-workers (horizontal trust) with retirement intentions. The participants were 14 840 women and men working in the municipal sector in 2000–12 (Finnish Public Sector Study). Trust (vertical trust towards the supervisor and horizontal trust towards co-workers) and retirement intentions were assessed in repeated surveys. Multivariable multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between baseline trust and retirement intentions at 3.7 years of follow-up. Demographic characteristics, health, psychological distress, health risk behaviors, personality factors, and psychosocial factors were included as covariates. Of the participants, 67.0% trusted their supervisor and 54.9% trusted their co-workers. Employees who trusted their supervisor (odds ratio (OR) 0.60, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53–0.67) and employees who trusted their co-workers (odds ratio 0.62, 95% confidence interval 0.55–0.70) at baseline were less likely to have strong retirement intentions at follow-up compared to those who did not trust. These associations largely persisted after adjusting for all covariates and taking into account baseline retirement intentions. In conclusion, trust in the supervisor and co-workers predicted retirement intentions. These observational findings suggest that increasing trust in the workplace may contribute to lengthening working careers and preventing early retirement. PMID:25191745

Muurinen, Charlotte; Laine, Matti; Pentti, Jaana; Virtanen, Marianna; Salo, Paula; Kivimäki, Mika; Vahtera, Jussi; Oksanen, Tuula

2014-01-01

423

Ergonomics work analysis applied to dentistry--a Brazilian case study.  

PubMed

This paper presents the Ergonomic Work Analysis method in a Brazilian Dentist's office. Through the study, the constraints and the strategies in avoiding them were identified. It was found that dentists hardly use the position most indicated by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the Federation Dentaire Internacionale (FDI) for both the patient and the dentist, which is respectively supine and 9 o'clock, due to the limited space and layout. Five types of treatments performed by the professional have been studied. The frequency and duration of actions in these treatments were accounted for and the standard positions adopted were identified. The AET was found to be a very suitable method to grasp the dentist's activity and build a point of view of the profession, which is characterized as: stressful, perfectionist and restrictive. Time management is presented as an important strategy to control the tension arising from performing the treatments. PMID:22316802

Custódio, R A R; Silva, C E S; Brandão, J G T

2012-01-01

424

Quickies : intelligent sticky notes  

E-print Network

This thesis introduces 'Quickies', an attempt to bring one of the most useful inventions of the 20th century into the digital age: the ubiquitous sticky notes. Sticky notes help us manage our to-do lists, tag our objects ...

Mistry, Pranav (Pranav K.)

2008-01-01

425

Child-care and feeding practices of urban middle class working and non-working Indonesian mothers: a qualitative study of the socio-economic and cultural environment.  

PubMed

The double-burden problem of malnutrition in many developing countries is occurring against a backdrop of complex changes in the socio-economic and cultural environment. One such change is the increasing rate of female employment, a change that has attracted researchers to explore the possible relationships between maternal employment and child nutritional status. The present study employs a qualitative approach to explore the socio-economic and cultural environments that may influence child-care practices in families of working and non-working mothers with children of different nutritional status and types of domestic caregiver. It was conducted in Depok, a satellite city of Jakarta, Indonesia, and was designed as a case study involving 26 middle class families. The children were categorized as underweight, normal weight and obese, and caregivers were grouped as family and domestic paid caregivers. Twenty-six mothers and 18 caregivers were interviewed. Data were analysed by the constant comparative approach. The study identified five emerging themes, consisting of reason for working and not working, support for mother and caregivers, decision maker on child food, maternal self-confidence and access to resources. It confirmed that mothers and caregivers need support and adequate resources to perform child-care practices regardless of the child nutritional and maternal working status. Further research is required into how Indonesian mothers across a range of socio-economic strata can have increased options for quality child-care arrangements and support with child feeding. Additionally, this paper discussed the importance of enhanced dissemination of health information addressing both child underweight and obesity problems. PMID:21342457

Roshita, Airin; Schubert, Elizabeth; Whittaker, Maxine

2012-07-01

426

Study of School-to-Work Reform Initiatives. Volume III: Technical Appendix--Research Design and Methodology. Studies of Education Reform Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditionally direct route from high school to full-time work for most students has given way to a variety of paths. The Academy for Educational Development's National Institute for Work and Learning (AED/NIWL) undertook a 4-year study of school-to-work transition education reform. The study focused on identifying useful models for and the…

Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC. National Inst. for Work and Learning.

427

Exploratory study of understanding hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores hotel employees’ perception on work–life balance issues. In-depth interviews and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the data. Factor analysis discovered seven factors: (1) enough time-off from work; (2) workplace support on work–life balance; (3) allegiance to work; (4) flexibility on work schedule; (5) life orientation; (6) voluntary reduction of contracted hours to cater for personal needs;

Simon Chak-keung Wong; Annie Ko

2009-01-01

428

Work stress, smoking status, and smoking intensity: an observational study of 46 190 employees  

PubMed Central

Study objective: To examine the relation between work stress, as indicated by the job strain model, and the effort-reward imbalance model, and smoking. Setting: Ten municipalities and 21 hospitals in Finland. Design and participants: Binary logistic regression models for the prevalence of smoking were related to survey responses of 37 309 female and 8881 male Finnish public sector employees aged 17–65. Separate multinomial logistic regression models were calculated for smoking intensity for 8130 smokers. In addition, binary logistic regression models for ex-smoking were fitted among 16 277 former and current smokers. In all analyses, adjustments were made for age, basic education, occupational status, type of employment, and marital status. Main results: Respondents with high effort-reward imbalance or lower rewards were more likely to be smokers. Among smokers, an increased likelihood of higher intensity of smoking was associated with higher job strain and higher effort-reward imbalance and their components such as low job control and low rewards. Smoking intensity was also higher in active jobs in women, in passive jobs, and among employees with low effort expenditure. Among former and current smokers, high job strain, high effort-reward imbalance, and high job demands were associated with a higher likelihood of being a current smoker. Lower effort was associated with a higher likelihood of ex-smoking. Conclusions: This evidence suggests an association between work stress and smoking and implies that smoking cessation programmes may benefit from taking into account the modification of stressful features of work environment. PMID:15598729

Kouvonen, A.; Kivimaki, M.; Virtanen, M.; Pentti, J.; Vahtera, J.

2005-01-01

429

Selected physiological responses during batting in a simulated cricket work bout: a pilot study.  

PubMed

As limited research has focused on the physiological responses associated with cricket activity, the aim of this pilot study was to measure selected physiological responses during batting in a simulated high-scoring 1-day cricket game. Ten male university cricketers performed a batting specific work bout consisting of four sprints per over (six balls) for a seven over period. Testing was conducted outdoors with players wearing full batting gear. All experimentation was conducted under temperate environmental conditions. During the simulated work bout, a portable on-line metabolic system (the k4b(2)) was attached to the subjects for the continuous assessment of selected physiological variables including heart rate (HR), ventilation (F(B), V(T) and V(E)), oxygen uptake (V(O2)) and metabolic carbon dioxide (V(CO2)) production. Energy expenditure was calculated from the oxygen consumption responses and substrate use was calculated from the V(O2)/V(CO2) responses. The results demonstrate that although the first over carried a statistically (p<0.05) lower energetic cost than the remaining six overs, most physiological responses stabilised thereafter. This excluded the heart rate responses which increased significantly (p<0.05) during the first three overs after which marginal increases were observed with no statistical difference between the last four overs (heart rate ranged from 149+/-19bt min(-1) in the fourth over to 155+/-18bt min(-1) in the last over). There was a mean energy expenditure of 2536kJh(-1) over the duration of the work bout. PMID:17875403

Christie, Candice J; Todd, Andrew I; King, Gregory A

2008-11-01

430

Magnetoencephalography---theory, instrumentation, and applications to noninvasive studies of the working human brain  

SciTech Connect

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a noninvasive technique for investigating neuronal activity in the living human brain. The time resolution of the method is better than 1 ms and the spatial discrimination is, under favorable circumstances, 2--3 mm for sources in the cerebral cortex. In MEG studies, the weak 10 fT--1 pT magnetic fields produced by electric currents flowing in neurons are measured with multichannel SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) gradiometers. The sites in the cerebral cortex that are activated by a stimulus can be found from the detected magnetic-field distribution, provided that appropriate assumptions about the source render the solution of the inverse problem unique. Many interesting properties of the working human brain can be studied, including spontaneous activity and signal processing following external stimuli. For clinical purposes, determination of the locations of epileptic foci is of interest. The authors begin with a general introduction and a short discussion of the neural basis of MEG. The mathematical theory of the method is then explained in detail, followed by a thorough description of MEG instrumentation, data analysis, and practical construction of multi-SQUID devices. Finally, several MEG experiments performed in the authors' laboratory are described, covering studies of evoked responses and of spontaneous activity in both healthy and diseased brains. Many MEG studies by other groups are discussed briefly as well.

Haemaelaeinen, M.; Hari, R.; Ilmoniemi, R.J.; Knuutila, J.; Lounasmaa, O.V. (Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02150 Espoo (Finland))

1993-04-01

431

Outcomes from Combining Work and Tertiary Study. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working in some capacity is almost considered de rigueur for tertiary students. The reasons for working and the impact this has on both an individual's ability to complete their studies and on their post-study labour market outcomes are only recently receiving attention. Using the 1995 and 1998 cohorts of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian…

Polidano, Cain; Zakirova, Rezida

2011-01-01

432

Is There a Global Common Core to Social Work?: A Cross-National Comparative Study of BSW Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports findings from a cross-national comparative study that examined the commonalities and differences in professional ideology among social work graduates in 10 countries by studying their attitudes toward poverty and the goals of social work. The major finding is the substantial similarity in the students' professional ideology…

Weiss, Idit

2005-01-01

433

Effects of overnight fasting on working memory-related brain network: An fMRI study.  

PubMed

Glucose metabolism serves as the central source of energy for the human brain. Little is known about the effects of blood glucose level (BGL) on higher-order cognitive functions within a physiological range (e.g., after overnight fasting). In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind study, we assessed the impact of overnight fasting (14h) on brain activation during a working memory task. We sought to mimic BGLs that occur naturally in healthy humans after overnight fasting. After standardized periods of food restriction, 40 (20 male) healthy participants were randomly assigned to receive either glucagon to balance the BGL or placebo (NaCl). A parametric fMRI paradigm, including 2-back and 0-back tasks, was used. Subclinically low BGL following overnight fasting was found to be linked to reduced involvement of the bilateral dorsal midline thalamus and the bilateral basal ganglia, suggesting high sensitivity of those regions to minimal changes in BGLs. Our results indicate that overnight fasting leads to physiologically low levels of glucose, impacting brain activation during working memory tasks even when there are no differences in cognitive performance. Hum Brain Mapp, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25393934

Chechko, Natalia; Vocke, Sebastian; Habel, Ute; Toygar, Timur; Kuckartz, Lisa; Berthold-Losleben, Mark; Laoutidis, Zacharias G; Orfanos, Stelios; Wassenberg, Annette; Karges, Wölfram; Schneider, Frank; Kohn, Nils

2014-11-12

434

Electronic structures and work functions of BC3 nanotubes: A first-principle study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electronic structures and work functions of the single-wall BC3 nanotubes are studied by the first-principle method. In contrast to the armchair nanotubes, the zigzag nanotubes are indirect-band semiconductors. The zigzag nanotubes can be further classified into two types, depending on the wave-vector characteristics of the conduction band minima. The bandgap energies of the armchair nanotubes are always smaller than that of the BC3 sheet, and increase with the nanotube diameter. For the two types of zigzag nanotubes, the bandgap energies are always larger than that of the BC3 sheet, and decrease with the nanotube diameters. Analysis of the bond angles between the neighboring atoms on the nanotube walls shows that the mixing of the ? and ? electron orbitals exhibits opposite trends for the armchair and zigzag nanotubes. These trends are not only responsible for the above dependence of the electronic structures on the types and diameters of the nanotubes, but also give physical insight to the indirectness of the band-structures of the zigzag nanotubes. By the first-principle method, it is found that the work functions of both armchair and zigzag nanotubes scale linearly with 1/D2, D being the nanotube diameter. Moreover, it is found that the per-atom strain energies and the vacuum bandwidths of both armchair and zigzag nanotubes satisfy universal relations which also scale linearly in 1/D2.

Su, W. S.; Chang, C. P.; Lin, M. F.; Li, T. L.

2011-07-01

435

Ocular disease in working horses in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Ocular disease is a frequent finding in working horses. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and types of ocular pathology, and explore risk factors potentially associated with disease within a population of working horses in Ethiopia. In total, 1049 horses were selected from horses attending clinics run by the Society for Protection of Animals Abroad (SPANA). Each had an ophthalmic examination conducted under field conditions using a pen-torch. All owners completed a short questionnaire. The prevalence of ocular abnormalities was 23.5 per cent (95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 18.0 per cent to 30.1 per cent) and the percentage of horses with an abnormality in at least one eye was 43 per cent (95 per cent CI 28.7 per cent to 58.4 per cent), although this varied between towns. Mild eye pathology and end-stage disease with irreversible pathology were most common. There were significantly more eye abnormalities in the right eye compared with the left, and older horses were more likely to have ocular pathology. Only 55.1 per cent of owners had noticed there was an ocular abnormality present, and only 2.2 per cent had received any previous treatment for eye disease. Only 1.9 per cent presented to the clinic because of an eye problem. There appears to be either a lack of owner awareness, or a low perception of the importance of eye disease among owners. PMID:23155077

Scantlebury, C E; Aklilu, N; Reed, K; Knottenbelt, D C; Gebreab, F; Pinchbeck, G L

2013-01-26

436

Does the principle of minimum work apply at the carotid bifurcation: a retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background There is recent interest in the role of carotid bifurcation anatomy, geometry and hemodynamic factors in the pathogenesis of carotid artery atherosclerosis. Certain anatomical and geometric configurations at the carotid bifurcation have been linked to disturbed flow. It has been proposed that vascular dimensions are selected to minimize energy required to maintain blood flow, and that this occurs when an exponent of 3 relates the radii of parent and daughter arteries. We evaluate whether the dimensions of bifurcation of the extracranial carotid artery follow this principle of minimum work. Methods This study involved subjects who had computed tomographic angiography (CTA) at our institution between 2006 and 2007. Radii of the common, internal and external carotid arteries were determined. The exponent was determined for individual bifurcations using numerical methods and for the sample using nonlinear regression. Results Mean age for 45 participants was 56.9 ± 16.5 years with 26 males. Prevalence of vascular risk factors was: hypertension-48%, smoking-23%, diabetes-16.7%, hyperlipidemia-51%, ischemic heart disease-18.7%. The value of the exponent ranged from 1.3 to 1.6, depending on estimation methodology. Conclusions The principle of minimum work (defined by an exponent of 3) may not apply at the carotid bifurcation. Additional factors may play a role in the relationship between the radii of the parent and daughter vessels. PMID:21861925

2011-01-01

437

Working memory of identification of emotional vocal expressions: an fMRI study.  

PubMed

The distribution of brain activation during working memory processing of emotional vocal expressions was studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in eight female subjects performing n-back tasks with three load levels (0-back, 1-back, and 2-back tasks). The stimuli in the n-back tasks were the Finnish female name [Saara] uttered in an astonished, angry, frightened, commanding, and scornful mode, and the subjects were instructed to memorize the emotional connotation of the stimuli. Subregions in the prefrontal, parietal, and visual association areas were load-dependently activated during the performance of the n-back tasks. The most consistently activated areas in the prefrontal region were detected in the inferior frontal gyrus corresponding to Brodmann's areas (BAs) 44 and 45 and in the middle and superior frontal gyri (BAs 6/8). Activation was also found in the inferior parietal lobe and intraparietal sulcus (BAs 40/7) and visual association areas including the lingual and fusiform gyri. The results suggest that a distributed neuronal network in occipital, parietal, and frontal areas is involved in working memory processing of emotional content of aurally presented information. PMID:11352614

Rämä, P; Martinkauppi, S; Linnankoski, I; Koivisto, J; Aronen, H J; Carlson, S

2001-06-01

438

Skylab task and work performance (experiment M-151--time and motion study).  

PubMed

The primary objective of Experiment M151 was to study by means of time and motion analytic techniques the inflight adaptation of Skylab crewmen to a variety of task situations involving different types of activity. A parallel objective was to examine astronaut inflight performance for any behavioral stress effects associated with the working and living conditions of the Skylab environment. Training data provided the basis for comparison of preflight and inflight performance. Efficiency was evaluated through the adaptation function, namely, the relation of performance time over task trials. The results indicate that the initial changeover from preflight to inflight (or, from 1-G to zero-G) was accompanied by a substantial increase in performance time for most work and task activities. Equally important was the finding that crewmen adjusted rapidly to the weightless environment and became proficient in developing techniques with which to optimize task performance. By the end of the second inflight trial, most of the activities were performed almost as efficiently as on the last preflight trial. In addition, the analysis demonstrated the sensitivity of the adaptation function to differences in task and hardware configuration. The function was found to be more regular and less variable inflight than preflight. Translation and control of masses (large or small) were accomplished easily and efficiently through the rapid development of the arms and legs (and the entire body) as subtle guidance and restraint systems. Finally, the adaptation function provided no evidence of behavioral stress effects attributable to the Skylab environment. PMID:11887921

Kubis, J F; McLaughlin, E J

1975-01-01

439

Towards scar-free surgery: An analysis of the increasing complexity from laparoscopic surgery to NOTES  

PubMed Central

Background NOTES is an emerging technique for performing surgical procedures, such as cholecystectomy. Debate about its real benefit over the traditional laparoscopic technique is on-going. There have been several clinical studies comparing NOTES to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, no work has been done to compare these techniques from a Human Factors perspective. This study presents a systematic analysis describing and comparing different existing NOTES methods to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Videos of endoscopic/laparoscopic views from fifteen live cholecystectomies were analyzed to conduct a detailed task analysis of the NOTES technique. A hierarchical task analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and several hybrid transvaginal NOTES cholecystectomies was performed and validated by expert surgeons. To identify similarities and differences between these techniques, their hierarchical decomposition trees were compared. Finally, a timeline analysis was conducted to compare the steps and substeps. Results At least three variations of the NOTES technique were used for cholecystectomy. Differences between the observed techniques at the substep level of hierarchy and on the instruments being used were found. The timeline analysis showed an increase in time to perform some surgical steps and substeps in NOTES compared to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion As pure NOTES is extremely difficult given the current state of development in instrumentation design, most surgeons utilize different hybrid methods – combination of endoscopic and laparoscopic instruments/optics. Results of our hierarchical task analysis yielded an identification of three different hybrid methods to perform cholecystectomy with significant variability amongst them. The varying degrees to which laparoscopic instruments are utilized to assist in NOTES methods appear to introduce different technical issues and additional tasks leading to an increase in the surgical time. The NOTES continuum of invasiveness is proposed here as a classification scheme for these methods, which was used to construct a clear roadmap for training and technology development. PMID:24902811

Chellali, Amine; Schwaitzberg, Steven D.; Jones, Daniel B.; Romanelli, John; Miller, Amie; Rattner, David; Roberts, Kurt E.; Cao, Caroline G.L.

2014-01-01

440

Suicide Notes in Hong Kong in 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide notes have been regarded as one of the most informative data sources to understand the reasons why people commit suicide. However, there is a paucity of suicide note studies, leaving researchers with an assumption that this phenomenon remains static over time. This study examines this assumption by comparing the characteristics of…

Wong, Paul W. C.; Yeung, April W. M.; Chan, Wincy S. C.; Yip, Paul S. F.; Tang, Arthur K. H.

2009-01-01

441

Frontal brain activation during a working memory task: a time-domain fNIRS study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We evaluated frontal brain activation during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty in a group of 19 healthy subjects, by means of time-resolved fNIRS technique. Brain activation was computed, and was then separated into a "block-related" and a "tonic" components. Load-related increases of blood oxygenation were studied for the four different levels of task difficulty. Generalized Linear Models were applied to the data in order to explore the metabolic processes occurring during the mental effort and, possibly, their involvement in short term memorization. Results attest the presence of a persistent attentional-related metabolic activity, superimposed to a task-related mnemonic contribution. Moreover, a systemic component probably deriving from the extra-cerebral capillary bed was detected.

Molteni, E.; Baselli, G.; Bianchi, A. M.; Caffini, M.; Contini, D.; Spinelli, L.; Torricelli, A.; Cerutti, S.; Cubeddu, R.

2009-02-01

442

GPACC program cost work breakdown structure-dictionary. General purpose aft cargo carrier study, volume 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of detailed cost estimates and economic analysis performed on the updated Model 101 configuration of the general purpose Aft Cargo Carrier (ACC) are given. The objective of this economic analysis is to provide the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with information on the economics of using the ACC on the Space Transportation System (STS). The detailed cost estimates for the ACC are presented by a work breakdown structure (WBS) to ensure that all elements of cost are considered in the economic analysis and related subsystem trades. Costs reported by WBS provide NASA with a basis for comparing competing designs and provide detailed cost information that can be used to forecast phase C/D planning for new projects or programs derived from preliminary conceptual design studies. The scope covers all STS and STS/ACC launch vehicle cost impacts for delivering payloads to a 160 NM low Earth orbit (LEO).

1985-01-01

443

Youth Supervision While Mothers Work: A Daily Diary Study of Maternal Worry.  

PubMed

Using data from a daily diary study of hourly hotel employees in the U.S. and their children, this study examined links between youth supervision arrangements and maternal worry while at work, examining both differences between individuals and day-to-day variation within individuals. Multilevel model analyses revealed both between- and within-person effects linking youth supervision to maternal worry. Mothers' partner status functioned as moderator, and maternal knowledge also emerged as a protective factor when youth were in self-care, highlighting a potential target for future work-family interventions, particularly those for hourly employees with limited access to family-friendly workplace policies.En utilisant les données d'une étude de journal quotidien des employés horaires de l'hôtel aux États-Unis et leurs enfants, cette étude a examiné les liens entre les modalités de supervision des jeunes et l'inquiétude maternelle pendant le travail, en examinant à la fois les différences inter individus et la variation intra individus au jour le jour. Analyses multi-niveaux ont révélé à la fois des effets inter et intra reliant la supervision des jeunes à l'inquiétude maternelle. Statut de partenaire des mères a fonctionné en tant que modérateur, et la connaissance maternelle est également apparue comme un facteur de protection lorsque les jeunes ont pris soins d'eux-mêmes, soulignant une cible potentielle pour des interventions de conciliation travail-famille, en particulier ceux conçus pour des employés horaires avec un accès limité à des politiques favorables à la famille. PMID:23109814

Blocklin, Michelle K; Crouter, Ann C; McHale, Susan M

2012-01-01

444

GEWEX Cloud System Study (GCSS) Working Group 4: Precipitating Convective Cloud Systems.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors present the objectives of the working group on precipitating convective cloud systems. These center on developing physically based parameterizations for global models in which basic research into the large-scale role of cloud systems is an important part. The approach calls on a range of expertise: cloud-resolving modeling and contributing research, observational evaluation of the model results, and tests of parameterizations in single-column models.Ongoing studies focus on oceanic cloud systems in Tropical Oceans Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Research Experiment (TOGA COARE). First, cloud-resolving modeling of organized convection on a timescale of a few hours concentrates on momentum transport and surface fluxes. Results are evaluated against data obtained during the 22 February 1993 Intensive Observation Period, which include airborne Doppler radar measurements of a squall line. Second, multiday simulations focus on the environmental effects of cloud systems as they respond to changes in specified (observed) large-scale tendencies and sea surface temperature. In this case, observational data on the scale of the entire TOGA COARE Intensive Flux Array are used in model evaluations. Results and recommendations from the first model intercomparison workshop, as well as the next steps in the intercomparison, are summarized.In the longer term, cloud system research in Working Group 4 will contribute to the Climate Variability and Predictability-Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System program, as regards the large-scale effects of cloud systems up to intraseasonal timescales. Another contribution will be to space-borne measurements; for example, cloud-profiling capability will provide data critical to the comprehensive evaluation of upper-tropospheric moisture distribution in cloud-resolving models.Besides additional studies in tropical cloud systems, convection in cold air outbreaks and convection over continents have a high priority.

Moncrieff, Mitchell W.; Krueger, Steven K.; Gregory, David; Redelsperger, Jean-Luc; Tao, Wei-Kuo

1997-05-01

445

State-space analysis of working memory in schizophrenia: an fBIRN study.  

PubMed

The neural correlates of working memory (WM) in schizophrenia (SZ) have been extensively studied using the multisite fMRI data acquired by the Functional Biomedical Informatics Research Network (fBIRN) consortium. Although univariate and multivariate analysis methods have been variously employed to localize brain responses under differing task conditions, important hypotheses regarding the representation of mental processes in the spatio-temporal patterns of neural recruitment and the differential organization of these mental processes in patients versus controls have not been addressed in this context. This paper uses a multivariate state-space model (SSM) to analyze the differential representation and organization of mental processes of controls and patients performing the Sternberg Item Recognition Paradigm (SIRP) WM task. The SSM is able to not only predict the mental state of the subject from the data, but also yield estimates of the spatial distribution and temporal ordering of neural activity, along with estimates of the hemodynamic response. The dynamical Bayesian modeling approach used in this study was able to find significant differences between the predictability and organization of the working memory processes of SZ patients versus healthy subjects. Prediction of some stimulus types from imaging data in the SZ group was significantly lower than controls, reflecting a greater level of disorganization/heterogeneity of their mental processes. Moreover, the changes in accuracy of predicting the mental state of the subject with respect to parametric modulations, such as memory load and task duration, may have important implications on the neurocognitive models for WM processes in both SZ and healthy adults. Additionally, the SSM was used to compare the spatio-temporal patterns of mental activity across subjects, in a holistic fashion and to derive a low-dimensional representation space for the SIRP task, in which subjects were found to cluster according to their diagnosis. PMID:25107617

Janoos, Firdaus; Brown, Gregory; Mórocz, Istvan A; Wells, William M

2013-04-01

446

Occupational Mental Health: A Study of Work-Related Mental Health among Clinical Nurses  

PubMed Central

Objective: This paper reports a study performed to investigate and assess the mental health as well as the demographic characteristics of nurses to examine their mental health status based on four physical, anxiety, social-function and depression items. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was accomplished on 86 nurses working at three hospitals, affiliated to Iranian health ministry, in Ilam city(western Iran) all the cases were selected by purposeful sampling method. Data was collected by a two-part questionnaire containing individual data and GHQ -28 Standardized Questionnaire. The GHO-28 was developed by Goldberg, in 1978, as a screening tool to detect those likely to have or be at risk of developing psychiatric disorders. The GHQ-28 is a 28-item measure of emotional distress in medical settings. Analysis was done by SPSS 18 software. Results: The majority of participants were females(50.6 vs.49.4) of 35-40 years old(27.2% ), 84 percent were married(vs.16%), 35.8 percent with 10-15 years of record(vs.33.3% less than 5), 22.2% with 5-10, and 8.6% with more than 15-years of work record. The majority of participants have worked in surgical wards of hospitals. The analysis of GHQ results showed that 43.2%(n=35) of participants were suspected to suffer from mental disorders(vs.56.8% n=46 healthy participants); of all the suspected cases, 12.3% were supposed to have physical symptoms, 16% anxiety symptoms, 42% social dysfunction, and 6.2% symptoms of depression. In general, the participants demonstrated a Mean±SD of mental health score equal to 23.65±9.43. Conclusion: Research results showed that the high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among nurses is alarming. It was concluded that providing efficient adequate and appropriate support services for this group can result in more healthy nurses as well as promotion of public health. PMID:25386506

Taghinejad, Hamid; Kikhavani, Sattar; Jaafarpour, Molouk; Azadi, Arman

2014-01-01

447

Long-Term Shift Work May Drain the Brain, Study Reports  

MedlinePLUS

... and impairments in memory and thinking (sometimes called "cognition"). It didn't prove that shift work was ... suggests that shift work is associated with impaired cognition, that the association is stronger and especially significant ...

448

Negative emotion modulates prefrontal cortex activity during a working memory task: a NIRS study  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the neural processing underlying the cognitive control of emotions induced by the presentation of task-irrelevant emotional pictures before a working memory task. Previous studies have suggested that the cognitive control of emotion involves the prefrontal regions. Therefore, we measured the hemodynamic responses that occurred in the prefrontal region with a 16-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system. In our experiment, participants observed two negative or two neutral pictures in succession immediately before a 1-back or 3-back task. Pictures were selected from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). We measured the changes in the concentration of oxygenated hemoglobin (oxyHb) during picture presentation and during the n-back task. The emotional valence of the picture affected the oxyHb changes in anterior parts of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) (located in the left and right superior frontal gyrus) and left inferior frontal gyrus during the n-back task; the oxyHb changes during the task were significantly greater following negative rather than neutral stimulation. As indicated in a number of previous studies, and the time courses of the oxyHb changes in our study, activation in these locations is possibly led by cognitive control of emotion, though we cannot deny it may simply be emotional responses. There were no effects of emotion on oxyHb changes during picture presentation or on n-back task performance. Although further studies are necessary to confirm this interpretation, our findings suggest that NIRS can be used to investigate neural processing during emotional control. PMID:24574991

Ozawa, Sachiyo; Matsuda, Goh; Hiraki, Kazuo

2014-01-01

449

Pre-ordering lunch at work. Results of the what to eat for lunch study.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to evaluate an intervention that combined mindful eating and online pre-ordering to promote healthier lunch purchases at work. The study took place at an urban hospital with 26 employees who were overweight or obese. The design included a contemporaneous comparison with delayed-treatment control and a three-phase prospective study. A minimum 4-week baseline period preceded a 4-week full-intervention, in which participants received mindful eating training, pre-ordered their lunches, and received price discounts toward lunch purchases. In a 4-week reduced intervention phase, participants pre-ordered lunches without price discounts. Participant lunch purchases were tracked electronically at the point of purchase. The primary outcome measures were the amounts of kilocalories and fat grams in purchased lunches. In contemporaneous comparisons, the treatment group purchased lunches with an average of 144.6 fewer kilocalories (p?=?0.01) and 8.9 fewer grams of fat (p?=?0.005) compared to controls. In multivariable longitudinal analyses, participants decreased the average number of calories in their meals by 114.6?kcal per lunch and the average grams of fat by 5.4 per lunch during the partial-intervention compared to the baseline (p?study, a moderate increase was observed in participants' overall mindful eating behaviors as compared to the beginning of the study (p?

Stites, Shana D; Singletary, S Brook; Menasha, Adeena; Cooblall, Clarissa; Hantula, Donald; Axelrod, Saul; Figueredo, Vincent M; Phipps, Etienne J

2015-01-01

450

Social Work in Home Care and Adult Day Settings: A Comparative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the job characteristics of social work practice in the home health care field versus the adult day care arena. In many ways, the two positions are very similar; the types of clients or patients serviced, the multidisciplinary nature of the work, and the issues faced when working with this population are examples of similarities. This comparison helps

Judith G. Novick

2008-01-01

451

Work and Family Plans among At-Risk Israeli Adolescents: A Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quantitative methods were used to investigate attributions of importance to work and family roles and anticipated work--family conflict and facilitation among 353 at-risk Israeli male and female adolescents. Qualitative interviews conducted with 26 of the at-risk youth explored future work and family perceptions. Findings indicated that both sexes…

Cinamon, Rachel Gali; Rich, Yisrael

2014-01-01

452

Teachers' Experience of Working with Socio-Scientific Issues: A Large Scale and in Depth Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research is an investigation of teachers' experience of working with socio-scientific issues (SSI). A large group of teachers (55) chose one of six cases with the characteristics of SSI and were free to organize the work as they found appropriate. The research focuses on how teachers chose content, organized their work and experienced the…

Ekborg, Margareta; Ottander, Christina; Silfver, Eva; Simon, Shirley

2013-01-01

453

Association among work exposure, alcohol intake, smoking and Dupuytren's disease in a large cohort study (GAZEL)  

PubMed Central

Objectives In view of the debate of factors in Dupuytren’s disease, we aimed to describe its relationship with certain occupational factors, alcohol intake and smoking. Setting The French GAZEL cohort (employees of Electricité de France and Gaz de France). Participants Participants of the cohort who answered a questionnaire in 2012, that is, 13?587 participants (73.7% of the questionnaire sent). In 2007, self-assessed lifetime occupational biomechanical exposure was recorded (carrying loads, manipulating a vibrating tool and climbing stairs), as well as alcohol intake, smoking and diabetes mellitus. Analyses were performed on high alcohol intake, smoking and duration of relevant work exposure, stratified by gender. Primary and secondary outcome measures From a specific question on Dupuytren’s disease assessed in 2012, the outcome measures were self-reported Dupuytren’s disease (yes/no) and disabling Dupuytren’s disease (including surgery). Results A total of 10?017 men and 3570 women, aged 64–73?years, were included; the mean age for men was 68?years and for women was 65?years. Among men, the following were significantly associated with Dupuytren’s disease: age (OR 1.03 (1.00; 1.06)), diabetes (OR 1.31 (1.07; 1.60)), heavy drinking (OR 1.36 (1.10; 1.69)) and over 15?years of manipulating a vibrating tool at work (OR 1.52 (1.15; 2.02)); except for diabetes, the association with these factors was stronger for disabling Dupuytren’s disease (or surgery), with OR 1.07 (1.03; 1.11), 1.71 (1.25; 2.33) and 1.98(1.34; 2.91), respectively, for age, heavy drinking and over 15?years of manipulating a vibrating tool at work. Among the 3570 women included, 160 reported Dupuytren’s disease (4.5%). The number of cases in the group of women was too low to reach conclusions, although the findings seemed similar for age, diabetes and vibration exposure. Conclusions In this large French cohort study, Dupuytren’s disease in men was associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and exposure to hand-transmitted vibration. It is likely that the same applied to women. PMID:24477316

Descatha, Alexis; Carton, Matthieu; Mediouni, Zakia; Dumontier, Christian; Roquelaure, Yves; Goldberg, Marcel; Zins, Marie; Leclerc, Annette

2014-01-01

454

[The work situation of nursing personnel in the context of an Argentinian hospital: a study from the ergonomics perspective].  

PubMed

The present study aimed at characterizing the work situation of the nursing personnel from an Argentine Hospital through the identification of the characteristics of the workers, the executed activities and the work environment, using the methodological fundamentals of ergonomics. In order to diagnose the work situation, the author performed 74 interviews with the workers, 17 nurses and 57 nursing auxiliaries. Findings showed that the work situation in the studied presents problems related to the work organization, tasks division, lack of a policy directed to improve professional capacities and safety at work, promotion of worker's health and adequacy of the materials, equipment. The authors presented suggestions based on ergonomics in order to minimize or to eliminate the detected problems. PMID:12046563

Royas, A V; Marziale, M H

2001-01-01

455

Verbal working memory load affects prefrontal cortices activation: evidence from a functional NIRS study in humans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Working memory (WM) refers to the temporary maintenance of information that is no longer accessible in the environment, and the manipulation of this information for subsequent use. PET and functional MRI studies suggest that prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in WM. Here, we report a functional near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) study on the PFC activation caused by a WM task, a verbal n-back task. During performance of the task, concentration changes of oxy-Hb (HbO2), deoxy-Hb (Hb), and total-Hb (HbT) in subjects" prefrontal cortex were monitored by a 24-channel functional NIRS imager. The behavioral performances (accuracy and response time) were recorded simultaneously. Results revealed that as memory load increased, subjects showed poorer behavioral performance as well as monotonously increasing magnitudes of the activations in the left ventrolateral PFC (VLPFC) and bilateral dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC). In addition, the analysis of comparison between subjects showed that certain relations likely exist between the cerebral activation and the performance parameters for an individual subject: lower accuracy is accompanied by longer response time and further activation. Such means that the subject with difficulty in solving a problem will demonstrate more significant hemodynamic changes compared with the subject without difficulty in solving the same problem.

Li, Chengjun; Gong, Hui; Zeng, Shaoqun; Luo, Qingming

2005-03-01

456

Active Commuting among K-12 Educators: A Study Examining Walking and Biking to Work  

PubMed Central

Background. Walking and biking to work, active commuting (AC) is associated with many health benefits, though rates of AC remain low in the US. K-12 educators represent a significant portion of the workforce, and employee health and associated costs may have significant economic impact. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the current rates of AC and factors associated with AC among K-12 educators. Methods. A volunteer sample of K-12 educators (n = 437) was recruited to participate in an online survey. Participants responded about AC patterns and social ecological influences on AC (individual, interpersonal, institutional, community, and environmental factors). t-tests and ANOVAs examined trends in AC, and Pearson correlations examined the relationship between AC and dependent variables. Multiple regression analysis determined the relative influence of individual, interpersonal, institutional, community, and environmental levels on AC. Results. Participants actively commuted 0.51 ± 1.93 times/week. There were several individual, interpersonal, institutional, community, and environmental factors significantly related to AC. The full model explained 60.8% of the variance in AC behavior. Conclusions. This study provides insight on the factors that determine K-12 educators mode of commute and provide some insight for employee wellness among this population. PMID:24089620

Bopp, Melissa; Hastmann, Tanis J.; Norton, Alyssa N.

2013-01-01

457

Note types and coding in Parid vocalizations: the chick-a-dee call of the boreal chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus).  

PubMed

An important first step in characterizing a vocalization is to classify, describe, and measure the elements of that vocalization. Here, this methodology is employed to study the chick-a-dee call of the boreal chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus). The note types (A, B, C, D, and D(h)) in a sample of boreal chickadee calls are identified and described, spectral and temporal features of each note type are analyzed, and production phenomena in each note type are identified and quantified. Acoustic variability is compared across note types and individuals to determine potential features used for note-type and individual discrimination. Frequency measures appear to be the most useful features for identifying note types and individuals, though total duration may also be useful. Call syntax reveals that boreal chick-a-dee calls follow a general rule of note-type order, namely A-B-C-D(h)-D, and that any note type in this sequence may be repeated or omitted. This work provides a thorough description of the boreal chickadee chick-a-dee call and will serve as a foundation for future studies aimed at elucidating this call's functional significance within this species, as well as for studies comparing chick-a-dee calls across Poecile species. PMID:21568433

Moscicki, Michele K; Hoeschele, Marisa; Bloomfield, Laurie L; Modanu, Maria; Charrier, Isabelle; Sturdy, Christopher B

2011-05-01

458

RNS. Research Notes and Information References  

SciTech Connect

The RNS (Research Notes System) is a set of programs and databases designed to aid the research worker in gathering, maintaining, and using notes taken from the literature. The sources for the notes can be books, journal articles, reports, private conversations, conference papers, audiovisuals, etc. The system ties the databases together in a relational structure, thus eliminating data redundancy while providing full access to all the information. The programs provide the means for access and data entry in a way that reduces the key-entry burden for the user. Each note has several data fields. Included are the text of the note, the subject classification (for retrieval), and the reference identification data. These data are divided into four databases: Document data - title, author, publisher, etc., fields to identify the article within the document; Note data - text and page of the note; Sublect data - subject categories to ensure uniform spelling for searches. Additionally, there are subsidiary files used by the system, including database index and temporary work files. The system provides multiple access routes to the notes, both structurally (access method) and topically (through cross-indexing). Output may be directed to a printer or saved as a file for input to word processing software.

Hartley, D.S. III [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1988-05-01

459

RNS. Research Notes and Information References  

SciTech Connect

The RNS (Research Notes System) is a set of programs and databases designed to aid the research worker in gathering, maintaining, and using notes taken from the literature. The sources for the notes can be books, journal articles, reports, private conversations, conference papers, audiovisuals, etc. The system ties the databases together in a relational structure, thus eliminating data redundancy while providing full access to all the information. The programs provide the means for access and data entry in a way that reduces the key-entry burden for the user. Each note has several data fields. Included are the text of the note, the subject classification (for retrieval), and the reference identification data. These data are divided into four databases: Document data - title, author, publisher, etc., fields to identify the article within the document; Note data - text and page of the note; Sublect data - subject categories to ensure uniform spelling for searches. Additionally, there are subsidiary files used by the system, including database index and temporary work files. The system provides multiple access routes to the notes, both structurally (access method) and topically (through cross-indexingg). Output may be directed to a printer or saved as a file for input to word processing software.

Hartley, D.S. III (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1988-05-01

460

A new approach to the study of therapeutic work in the transference.  

PubMed

This article proposes a new method for evaluating the effects of therapist and patient work in the transference. Work in the transference is often difficult for the patient, and may show a characteristic pattern of lag between a transference interpretation and its therapeutic effect. To account for this lag, we assessed patient responses to interpretations over the course of entire sessions. The narratives patients told about others, or Relationship Episodes (REs), were used as units of study. In a sample of three consecutive sessions taken from each of three psychodynamic cases, we identified several instances when transference work appeared to have an initial inhibitory effect, but facilitated progress over the course of the entire session. We recommend that to examine the effects of interpretations future studies use longer, more clinically meaningful segments of patient speech than have been used in the past. Dieser Beitrag propagiert eine neue Methode zur Evaluierung der Effekte von Übertragungsarbeit durch Therapeut und Patient. Arbeit in der Übertragung ist für den Patienten oftmals schwierig und zeigt häufig eine charakteristisches Muster von zeitlichen Verzögerungen bzgl. Übertragungsdeutungen und deren therapeutischen Effekten. Um diese zeitliche Verzögerung zu erklären, untersuchten wir die Reaktionen von Patienten auf derartige Deutungen im Verlauf ganzer Sitzungen. Narrative, in denen die Patienten über andere berichteten, also Beziehungsepisoden, dienten in dieser Studie als Einheit. In einter Stichprobe dreier aufeinanderfolgender Sitzugnen, die sich auf drei Fälle bezogen, identifizierten wir verschiedene Umstände, unter denen Übertragungsarbeit anfänglich einen hemmenden Affekt zu haben schien, letztlich aber den Gesamtverlauf der Sitzung günstig beeinflussten. Wir empfehlen, in Zukunft die Effekte von Übertragungsdeutungen auf der Basis längerer, klinische sinnvoller Segmente von Patientenäußerungen zu untersuchen als dies in der Vergangenheit der Fall war. Cet article propose une nouvelle méthode pour évaluer les effets du travail sur le transfert entre thérapeute et patient. Ce travail est souvent difficile pour le patient, et il peut y avoir un pattern caractéristique de délai entre une înterprétation de transfert et son effet thérapeutique. Pour expliquer ce délai, nous avons évalué les réponses des patients à des interprétatios au cours de séances entières. C'est les narrations des patients sur d'autres, ou Episodes Relationnels (ERs), qui ont constitué les unités de base de cette étude. Dans un échantillon de 3 séances consécutives venant de 3 cas psychodynamiques, nous avons identifié plusieurs moments où le traail sur le transfert semblait avoir un effet inhibitoire initial, mais favorisait le progrès en regardant la séance entière. Nous recommandons pour de futures études sur l'effet des interprétations de prendre des segments plus longs et cliniquement significatifs du récit du patient que ceux utilisés dans le passé. Este artículo propone un nuevo método para evaluar los efectos del trabajo de terapeuta y paciente en la transferencia. El trabajo en la transferencia es, con frecuencia, dificil para el paciente y puede mostrar un lapso característico entre una interpretación transferencial y sus efectos terapéuticos. Para explicar este lapso, hemos evaluado las respuestas del paciente a las interpretaciones a lo largo de sesiones enteras. Como unidad de estudio se usaron las narrativas de los pacientes acerca de otros, o sea, los episodios relacionales (REs). En una muestra de tres sesiones consecutivas tomadas de tres casos psicodinámicos, identificamos varioss casos en los que la trasferencia parecía tener un efecto inicial inhibitorio, aunque se vio que a lo largo de la sesión facilitaba el progreso. Recomendamos que, para examinar los efectos de las interpretaciones, los futuros estudios usen segmentos más largos y clínicamente más significativos del habia del paciente que los que se usaron en el pasado. PMID:22239695

Pessier, J; Stuart, J

2000-02-01

461

Is living near a coking works harmful to health? A study of industrial air pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine whether there was excess ill health in people living near a coking works, and if so whether it was related to exposure to coking works' emissions. DESIGN--Populations varying in proximity to the coking works were compared with control populations. Health data were correlated with available environmental data. METHODS--Analysis of routinely collected mortality, cancer registration, and birth statistics; community

R S Bhopal; P Phillimore; S Moffatt; C Foy

1994-01-01

462

A study of organic working fluids on system efficiency of an ORC using low-grade energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rankine cycles using organic fluids (as categorized into three groups: wet, dry, and isentropic fluids) as working fluids in converting low-grade energy are investigated in this study. The main purpose is to identify suitable working fluids which may yield high system efficiencies in an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system. Efficiencies of ORC systems are calculated based on an assumption that

T. C. Hung; S. K. Wang; C. H. Kuo; B. S. Pei; K. F. Tsai

2010-01-01

463

Working with Primary Care Practices to Improve Service Delivery for People with Learning Disabilities--A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively poor health of people with learning disability reflects the failure of primary care practitioners to improve the accessibility of the service they offer. This North Essex study involved evaluation of a project to work with three primary care practices to raise staff awareness, improve their training, and adapt their working

Webb, Jenny; Stanton, Melanie

2009-01-01

464

Psychosocial Work Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Health Functioning in Rural Women: The Wisconsin Rural Women's Health Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aim of the present study is to investigate the association between psychosocial work characteristics and health functioning and cardiovascular disease risk factors among rural women of central Wisconsin and compare psychosocial work characteristics between farm and nonfarm women. Methods: Stratified sampling was used to select a…

Chikani, Vatsal; Reding, Douglas; Gunderson, Paul; McCarty, Catherine A.

2005-01-01

465

Living between the Extremes: A Phenomenological Study of How Mid-Life Women Recreate Their Identity after a Work Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study examined the "lived experiences" of learning identity during work transitions among three women (ages 35 to 55) who were not previously married. The research question was how do particular mid-life women who engage in a work transition re-construct the meaning of (or make sense of) their identity? Primary research…

Hess, Trina R.

2009-01-01

466

Influenza Vaccination in Healthy Working Adults in Russia: Observational Study of Effectiveness and Return on Investment for the Employer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: All age groups are affected by influenza infection, resulting in significant medical and economic burden. Influenza infection of healthy working adults can have a marked effect on companies due to lost work days and reduced productivity. Studies in corporate settings have shown that vaccination programmes reduce this burden, although there is a lack of data in Eastern European countries.

O. Yu. Atkov; A. V. Azarov; D. A. Zhukov; N. Nicoloyannis; L. Durand

2011-01-01

467

Competitiveness and health: The work of sport clubs as seen by sport clubs representatives - a Norwegian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is study of sport club representatives’ considerations about the work of sport clubs. Sport clubs are first and foremost providers of sport activity. However, when it came to the work of sport clubs, it is discovered that the focus is on competitiveness, but sport clubs were also seen as a vehicle for promotion of ‘social goods’ such as

Eivind Å. Skille

2010-01-01

468

Harassment statement regarding non-U.S. citizens who work and/or study at Virginia Tech  

E-print Network

Harassment statement regarding non-U.S. citizens who work and/or study at Virginia Tech Many of the non-U.S. citizens at Virginia Tech hope to live and work in the United States for the foreseeable in the Virginia Tech family. Unfortunately, given their temporary visa status, they often feel quite vulnerable

Buehrer, R. Michael

469

Contentious issues in research on trafficked women working in the sex industry: Study design, ethics, and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trafficking of women and children for work in the globalized sex industry is a global social problem. Quality data is needed to provide a basis for legislation, policy, and programs, but first, numerous research design, ethical, and methodological problems must be addressed. Research design issues in studying women trafficked for sex work (WTSW) include how to (a) develop coalitions

Julie Cwikel; Elizabeth Hoban

2005-01-01

470

Academic Fathers Pursuing Tenure: A Qualitative Study of Work-Family Conflict, Coping Strategies, and Departmental Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although past research has emphasized considerable strain and institutional biases for female academics balancing work and family, research on male academics with young children is limited. This qualitative study addressed this void by examining how junior male tenure-track faculty with children negotiated work and family responsibilities. Analysis of in-depth interviews (n = 12) revealed three broad, nonoverlapping themes regarding men's

Richard J. Reddick; Aaron B. Rochlen; Joseph R. Grasso; Erin D. Reilly; Daniel D. Spikes

2012-01-01

471

Fishery Notes Circle Hooks Outfish  

E-print Network

Fishery Notes Circle Hooks Outfish Traditional Halibut Hooks Table 1. - Halibut hook experiment hooks hooks hooks Hook type observed No. of fish Pounds observed No. of fish Pounds Circle hooks 1 were used in the study. The first involved alternat- ing each hook type (i.e., a circle hook followed

472

Lecture Notes Numerical Analysis I  

E-print Network

Lecture Notes CAAM 453 Numerical Analysis I Rice University Mark Embree #12;CAAM 453/553 · NUMERICAL ANALYSIS I Lecture 1: Introduction to Numerical Analysis We model our world with continuous intractable problems with remarkable speed. Trefethen defines numerical analysis to be `the study

Embree, Mark

473

Internal Note #241 Computational Logic, Inc.  

E-print Network

­4776 August 7, 1991 ** Draft ** Using NQTHM to Verify Insert, Search, and Traversal Functions for Search Trees John R. Cowles \\Lambda Abstract This note reports on a mechanical proof that a tree insertion algorithm, similar to one shown to work correctly on ordered trees by Boyer and Moore, works correctly on search

Boyer, Robert Stephen

474

Updating of context in working memory: An event related potential study  

PubMed Central

Flexible control of behavior depends on the representation, maintenance and updating of context information in working memory, which is thought to rely on prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, in contrast to maintenance, the dynamics of context activation and updating have not been well studied. To identify neural signals associated with context updating, we compared event-related potentials associated with cues that did or did not provide task-relevant context information. The earliest effect of context was detected 200 ms following cue onset and had a scalp topography consistent with a generator in PFC. Subsequent effects of context were detected at 400 - 700 ms following cue onset (P3b), with a broad scalp distribution spanning posterior areas, and during the final 300 ms preceding the target, with a probable generator in medial frontal cortex. We propose that the effect of context on P2 is consistent with the onset of context updating in PFC. Subsequent components may be indicative of activation of task-relevant posterior regions and context maintenance. PMID:20498352

Lenartowicz, Agatha; Escobedo-Quiroz, Rafael; Cohen, Jonathan D.

2010-01-01

475

Neural correlates of working memory in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy — An fMRI study  

PubMed Central

It has traditionally been held that the hippocampus is not part of the neural substrate of working memory (WM), and that WM is preserved in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE). Recent imaging and neuropsychological data suggest this view may need revision. The aim of this study was to investigate the neural correlates of WM in TLE using functional MRI (fMRI). We used a visuo-spatial ‘n-back’ paradigm to compare WM network activity in 38 unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) patients (19 left) and 15 healthy controls. WM performance was impaired in both left and right HS groups compared to controls. The TLE groups showed reduced right superior parietal lobe activity during single- and multiple-item WM. No significant hippocampal activation was found during the active task in any group, but the hippocampi progressively deactivated as the task demand increased. This effect was bilateral for controls, whereas the TLE patients showed progressive unilateral deactivation only contralateral to the side of the hippocampal sclerosis and seizure focus. Progressive deactivation of the posterior medial temporal lobe was associated with better performance in all groups. Our results suggest that WM is impaired in unilateral HS and the underlying neural correlates of WM are disrupted. Our findings suggest that hippocampal activity is progressively suppressed as the WM load increases, with maintenance of good performance. Implications for understanding the role of the hippocampus in WM are discussed. PMID:22330313

Stretton, J.; Winston, G.; Sidhu, M.; Centeno, M.; Vollmar, C.; Bonelli, S.; Symms, M.; Koepp, M.; Duncan, J.S.; Thompson, P.J.

2012-01-01

476

The effectiveness of Nurse Practitioners working at a GP cooperative: a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background In many countries out-of-hours care faces serious challenges, including shortage of general practitioners, a high workload, reduced motivation to work out of hours, and increased demand for out-of-hours care. One response to these challenges is the introduction of nurse practitioner as doctor substitutes, in order to maintain the (high) accessibility and safety of out of hours care. Although nurse practitioners have proven to provide equally safe and efficient care during daytime primary care, it is unclear whether substitution is effective and efficient in the more complex out of hours primary care. This study aims to assess the effects of substitution of care from general practitioners to nurse practitioners in an out of hours primary care setting. Design A quasi experimental study is undertaken at one “general practitioner cooperative” to offer out-of-hours care for 304.000 people in the South East of the Netherlands. In the experimental condition patient care is provided by a team of one nurse practitioner and four general practitioners; where the nurse practitioner replaces one general practitioner during one day of the weekend from 10?am to 5?pm. In the control condition patient care is provided by a team of five general practitioners during the other day of the weekend, also from 10?am to 5?pm. The study period last 15?months, from April 2011 till July 2012. Methods Data will be collected on number of different outcomes using a range of methods. Our primary outcome is substitution of care. This is calculated using the number and characteristics of patients that have a consultation at the GP cooperative. We compare the number of patients seen by both professionals, type of complaints, resource utilization (e.g. prescription, tests, investigations, referrals) and waiting times in the experimental condition and control condition. This data is derived from patient electronic medical records. Secondary outcomes are: patient satisfaction; general practitioners workload; quality and safety of care and barriers and facilitators. Discussion The study will provide evidence whether substitution of care in out-of-hours setting is safe and efficient and give insight into barriers and facilitators related to the introduction of nurse practitioners in out-of-hours setting. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT01388374 PMID:22870898

2012-01-01

477

A Case Study of Professional Change: The Impact of the National Gerontological Social Work Competencies Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our society is aging, and this demographic change necessitates that all social workers have basic competency in gerontology. This article describes the results of a competency survey conducted in 2000, and how these results helped transform basic social work curricula and enhance gerontology-related resources. Results were used to encourage and assist social work faculty to infuse gerontological content into social

Angela L. Curl; Catherine J. Tompkins; Anita L. Rosen; Joan Levy ZlotniK

2010-01-01

478

Evaluation Study of an Interdisciplinary Social Work and Law Curriculum for Domestic Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article evaluates the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary social work and law curriculum for domestic violence. A pretest-posttest control group design with both law and social work students indicates that the course effectively increased: (1) knowledge about domestic violence theory and practice and differential roles, duties, and…

Colarossi, Lisa; Forgey, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

479

Cross-Cultural Study into ICT Student Attitudes and Behaviours Concerning Teams and Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe a project involving information and communication technology (ICT) students in Australia and Singapore, working together as a virtual global team. The authors investigated the question: Can differences be found in the behaviours and attitudes of our two cohorts to working in teams? This would allow…

Richards, Deborah; Bilgin, Ayse

2012-01-01

480

Reading Comprehension and Working Memory's Executive Processes: An Intervention Study in Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension is a highly demanding task that involves the simultaneous process of extracting and constructing meaning in which working memory's executive processes play a crucial role. In this article, a training program on working memory's executive processes to improve reading comprehension is presented and empirically tested in two…

Garcia-Madruga, Juan A.; Elosua, Maria Rosa; Gil, Laura; Gomez-Veiga, Isabel; Vila, Jose Oscar; Orjales, Isabel; Contreras, Antonio; Rodriguez, Raquel; Melero, Maria Angeles; Duque, Gonzalo

2013-01-01

481

Economy, Work, and Education: Critical Connections. Routledge Advances in Management and Business Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Economy, Work and Education: Critical Connections" addresses effects of neoliberal capitalism in particular regard to work and education. The book elaborates key aspects and problems of generalized policy models of knowledge-based economies and learning societies in contexts of liberalized firm action, accelerated competitiveness and labor market…

Casey, Catherine

2011-01-01

482

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Transition from School to Work. Reports, Studies...S. 132.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, intended for use by guidance professionals and educators, examines basic vocational guidance issues pertaining to the transition from school to work in a cross-cultural context. The introductory chapter, "A Perspective on Transition from School to Work" (William C. Bingham), provides a conceptual framework for examining guidance…

Bingham, William C.; And Others

483

How Does Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Work with Opioid-Dependent Clients? Results of the UKCBTMM Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Process research in psychotherapy is important to understand how treatment works. The National Institute of Clinical Excellence guidelines suggest that in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for opioid dependence, drug key-working should be based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) principles. This article reports the findings…

Kouimtsidis, Christos; Reynolds, Martina; Coulton, Simon; Drummond, Colin

2012-01-01

484

The Teacher Work Sample: A Professional Culminating Activity that Integrates General Studies Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to Oregon's Teacher Standards and Practices Commission requirement that all prospective teachers document samples of their work, the Teacher Work Sample (TWS) was developed during the 1980s at Western Oregon University. The TWS was conceptualized as a method to connect meaningful teaching and learning while documenting teacher…

Benton, Jean E.; Powell, David; DeLine, Mary Ann; Sautter, Alberta; Talbut, Mary Harriet; Bratberg, William; Cwick, Simin

2012-01-01

485

Learning in the Process of Industrial Work--A Comparative Study of Finland, Sweden and Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By combining a positivistic and an interpretive approach, this research investigates the learning opportunities that contemporary industrial work processes and workplaces offer for employees individually and collectively. The research explores how employees can become trained through their work and how individual development may expand to…

Kira, Mari

2007-01-01

486

Dividing Time between Work and Study: Are Tuition Fees a Factor?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether rising tuition fees for post-secondary education are a contributing factor in students' labour market decisions. When labour market decisions for total number of working hours and for participation were measured, the results suggested that concerns about increased tuition fees leading to more work and compromising…

Peng, Amy; Yang, Ling

2010-01-01

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Shift Work, Parenting Behaviors, and Children's Socioemotional Well-Being: A Within-Family Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many U.S. employees with children work nonstandard hours, yet we know little about the linkages among maternal shift schedules, mothers' and fathers' parenting behaviors, and children's socioemotional outcomes. In a sample of 55 dual-earner families with children age 8 to 14 years and mothers working day versus evening shifts, the authors found…

Barnett, Rosalind Chait; Gareis, Karen C.

2007-01-01